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Sample records for acceptance organizational impact

  1. Studying Impact of Organizational Factors in Information Technology Acceptance in Accounting Occupation by Use of TAM Model (Iranian Case Study)

    OpenAIRE

    Akbar Allahyari; Morteza Ramazani

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, information technology attitudes as the beneficial part of industry, economic and culture. Accounting posits as profession that provide information for decision- making of users and in the complex world, organizations must use information technology to present information for users in time. This research is by purpose of studying impact of organizational factors in information technology acceptance by use of TAM model in study descriptive-surveying method that researcher has used to...

  2. Studying Impact of Organizational Factors in Information Technology Acceptance in Accounting Occupation by Use of TAM Model (Iranian Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akbar Allahyari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, information technology attitudes as the beneficial part of industry, economic and culture. Accounting posits as profession that provide information for decision- making of users and in the complex world, organizations must use information technology to present information for users in time. This research is by purpose of studying impact of organizational factors in information technology acceptance by use of TAM model in study descriptive-surveying method that researcher has used to reach research objectives of descriptive and inferential statistics and research results is indicated lack of perceived ease of use by accountants.

  3. Teleconsultation service to improve healthcare in rural areas: acceptance, organizational impact and appropriateness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borghi Gabriella

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Nowadays, new organisational strategies should be indentified to improve primary care and its link with secondary care in terms of efficacy and timeliness of interventions thus preventing unnecessary hospital accesses and costs saving for the health system. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of the use of teleconsultation by general practitioners in rural areas. Methods General practitioners were provided with a teleconsultation service from 2006 to 2008 to obtain a second opinion for cardiac, dermatological and diabetic problems. Access, acceptance, organisational impact, effectiveness and economics data were collected. Clinical and access data were systematically entered in a database while acceptance and organisational data were evaluated through ad hoc questionnaires. Results There were 957 teleconsultation contacts which resulted in access to health care services for 812 symptomatic patients living in 30 rural communities. Through the teleconsultation service, 48 general practitioners improved the appropriateness of primary care and the integration with secondary care. In fact, the level of concordance between intentions and consultations for cardiac problems was equal to 9%, in 86% of the cases the service entailed a saving of resources and in 5% of the cases, it improved the timeliness. 95% of the GPs considered the overall quality positively. For a future routine use of this service, trust in specialists, duration and workload of teleconsultations and reimbursement should be taken into account. Conclusions Managerial and policy implications emerged mainly related to the support to GPs in the provision of high quality primary care and decision-making processes in promoting similar services.

  4. The impact of employee’s perception of organizational climate on their technology acceptance toward e-learning in South Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Sun Joo Yoo; Wen-Hao Huang; Da Ye Lee

    2012-01-01

    To better understand the relationship between e-learning integration and organizational factors in South Korea, this study explored the influence of employees’ perceptions of organizational climate on their technology acceptances toward e-learning in the workplace of South Korea. Employees’ perceptions of organizational climate was evaluated using Litwin & Stringer’s Organizational Climate Questionnaire (LSOCQ) and employees’ technology acceptance toward e-learning was measured by the Unified...

  5. Organizational Impact of RAMS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staebler, Mel

    A series of observations is made regarding the potential impact of the Remotely Accessible Management System (RAMS) upon the administrative structure of the Pontiac, Michigan City School System. Nine major results of the district wide needs assessment are reported, and evidence is advanced to support the conclusion that modern educational…

  6. The influence of organizational and national culture on the acceptance of organizational change: Empirical study in Serbian enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Šapić Srđan; Erić Jelena; Stojanović-Aleksić Vesna

    2009-01-01

    Organizational culture is one of the most important factors influencing the process of organizational change. As such it is the object of research and analysis in this paper. Key values held by the employees that impact the formation of organizational culture, as well as the feedback organizational culture has in determining organizational processes are explored. Different relevant classifications of organizational cultures are described depending on research focus. Special consideration is g...

  7. Study the effect of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power Generation plants (small-scale generation) by organizational Consumers

    OpenAIRE

    Mehdi Momeni; Mohammad Rahim Esfidani; Ali Heidari

    2012-01-01

    The main goal of this research was studied the role of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power generation plants by organizational consumers. Organizational factors include the seven variables of organizational values, perception, organization representatives, organizational goals and tasks, organization, technology, organizational structure and organizational resources. Its methods was descriptive-survey and applied research. To gather information from ques...

  8. ICT and its impact on organizational learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego CARDONA

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the impact of the Information and Communications Technology – ICT at organizational learning through a review of the state of the art in this field. First, it addresses the basic concepts of knowledge society, the process of change due to a postmodern era and its implications for organizational learning. Additionally, it addresses the concept of ICT, its development, components and a relevant discussion concerning the difference among data, information and knowledge that are necessary for the accuracy of organizational learning. Finally, it presents the definition of organizational learning observed from the organization itself and describes a series of studies of the impact of ICTs on organizational learning and through this into the increasing productivity and innovation.

  9. Impact of Leadership on Organizational Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Ullah, Anees

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to find out the impact of leadership behaviors on organizational performance. The main objectives of the study were to find out the concepts and types of leadership behaviors and investigate the impact of leadership behavior on organizational performance in the case company D&R Cambric Communication. The research also described the performance of the organizations in service sector because of the good leadership qualities. The leadership theories and different behavio...

  10. Trust, Isolation, and Presence: The Virtual Work Environment and Acceptance of Deep Organizational Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Laurence Michael

    2013-01-01

    The primary focus of this research was to explore through the use of a grounded theory methodology if the human perceptions of trust, isolation, and presence affected the virtual workers ability to accept deep organizational change. The study found that the virtual workers in the sample defined their acceptance of deep organizational change by…

  11. Impact of Perceived Security on Organizational Adoption of Smartphones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arpaci, Ibrahim; Yardimci Cetin, Yasemin; Turetken, Ozgur

    2015-10-01

    Organizational adoption of new technologies is a practically important research area. The present study aims to investigate the impact of perceived security on organizational adoption of mobile communication technologies, specifically smartphones. For this purpose, a research model is developed extending the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The research model is tested using a structural equation modeling based on data that were collected from senior managers of 201 private sector organizations in Turkey. The results show that, along with the traditional constructs of perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness, perceived security significantly affects organizations' adoption of smartphones. Both the theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.

  12. Impact on Organizational Climate trough Organizational Culture factors. Case Study of Latvia and Lithuania

    OpenAIRE

    Iljins, Juris; Skvarciany, Viktorija; Gaile-Sarkane, Elīna

    2015-01-01

    Purpose of the article: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of organizational culture on organizational climate in process of change. For solving this problem, it is necessary to identify the main factors of organizational culture in the change process. After exploring the impact of organizational culture on organizational climate through distinguished culture’s factors, article examines how changes can be processed in different cultural environments. Methodology. The resea...

  13. The influence of organizational and national culture on the acceptance of organizational change: Empirical study in Serbian enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šapić Srđan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizational culture is one of the most important factors influencing the process of organizational change. As such it is the object of research and analysis in this paper. Key values held by the employees that impact the formation of organizational culture, as well as the feedback organizational culture has in determining organizational processes are explored. Different relevant classifications of organizational cultures are described depending on research focus. Special consideration is given to the effect national cultural attributes have in this interaction. The specific contribution of this paper consists of presenting a study conducted within a sample of twenty Serbian corporations, in order to identify and examine some specific characteristics of organizational culture generated by the unique cultural attributes of this region. Presented results suggest a bureaucratic organizational culture, dominance of the directive leadership style, and a significant level of resistance to change in domestic corporations. The main goal of the research is to provide evidence for thesis that the process of initiating and implementing organizational changes is determined by national and organizational culture, based on values that promote inclination toward change.

  14. The Impact of Organizational Envy on Organizational Climate Created among Employees: An Application in Accommodation Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Aziz Gökhan Özkoç; Nurgül Çaliskan

    2014-01-01

    Expression of individuals’ emotional intelligence is an important factor to reach success in organizational life as well as daily life. Positive or negative emotions of employees have the potential to affect the organizational climate created through their relationship between each other in a positive or negative way. In this study, the impact of envy –which is a new issue in organizational behavior literature– on organizational climate, which has an important role in organizations’ realizati...

  15. THE MUTUAL IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND STRUCTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between the structure and culture of an organization. The starting assumption is that organizational structure and organizational culture impact each other, and that there is a causal relationship due to which the agreement of the two components of organization leads to better performance. First, the mechanism through which organizational culture impacts the design of organizational structures and the manner in which org...

  16. The mutual impact of organizational culture and structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the relationship between the structure and culture of an organization. The starting assumption is that organizational structure and organizational culture impact each other, and that there is a causal relationship due to which the agreement of the two components of organization leads to better performance. First, the mechanism through which organizational culture impacts the design of organizational structures and the manner in which organizational structure affects the maintenance, strengthening, or changing of organizational culture is explained at the conceptual level. Then, based on the known classifications of organizational structure and culture, they are put into a relationship of direct mutual interdependence. This is done by generating hypotheses about the agreement of particular types of organizational culture and particular types of organizational structure.

  17. Study the effect of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power Generation plants (small-scale generation by organizational Consumers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Momeni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this research is to study the influence of organizational factors on the acceptance of using combined heat and power generation plants by organizational consumers. Organizational factors include the seven variables of organizational values, perception, organization representatives, organizational goals and tasks, organization, technology, organizational structure and organizational resources. Research method is typically descriptive-survey and applied based. Questionnaire has been used for data collection. The questionnaire has been developed based on theoretical principles and six points Likert spectrum. Content validity of questionnaires has been positively approved by scholars and experts. Data reliability has been computed using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient as 0.955, which is satisfactory. Descriptive and inferential statistics (correlation analysis, regression and T-test have been used for data analysis. Findings imply that i all of the above-mentioned variables influence the acceptance of power plants CHP (small-scale generation by the organizational consumers, significantly; and ii the order of importance and influence of organizational factors include organizational resources, organizational goals and tasks, perception, organization representatives, technology, organizational values, and organizational structure, respectively.

  18. Impact of Satisfaction and Commitment on Teachers' Organizational Citizenship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sesen, Harun; Basim, Nejat H.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the impact of job satisfaction and organizational commitment on teachers' organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) in a structural equation model. The study was employed to a group of teachers and their supervisors. The results indicated that job satisfaction and commitment to the school had an impact on OCBs of the teachers…

  19. The Impact of Organizational Learning Capacity from the Socio-Cognitive Perspective on Organizational Commitment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Daeyeon; Eum, WonSun Jini; Lee, Kyung Ho

    2013-01-01

    This study is to examine the impact of organizational learning on affective commitment in Korea. In particular, this study addressed the importance of organizational learning as an HRD strategy from the socio-cognitive perspective. Data were collected from four large companies located in the area of Seoul, South Korea. There were 233 usable…

  20. The Impact of Teachers' Organizational Trust Perceptions on Organizational Cynicism Perception

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polat, Soner

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to present the impact of primary school teachers' organizational trust perceptions on organizational cynicism. The research is based on descriptive survey model, with its population consisting of teachers working in primary schools in Korfez District of Kocaeli Province. Sampling was not needed and preferred as it was…

  1. SHAPING ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE. THE IMPACT ON PERFORMANCE

    OpenAIRE

    CRISTIAN ODAGIU

    2011-01-01

    Understanding and manipulating organizational culture to improve performance is of particular interest in the light of the modernization programme within the public sector. Bibliographic sources of information from the national and international literature on organizational culture provided a picture of cultural management issues in relation to explain dynamics that can be used to manipulate culture to accentuate change. A good practice example of managing organizational culture in terms of i...

  2. The Impact of Organizational Learning on Innovativeness in Spanish Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Pablo González Del Campo, Jesús David Sánchez; Škerlavaj, Miha

    Innovativeness is a key factor regarding the survival and progress of a company in modern business environments. The question is how to facilitate innovativeness in organizations. This article studies the impact of the organizational learning process on innovativeness. We understand innovativeness as a combination of (1) innovative culture and (2) technological and process innovation. Organizational learning is a consecutive process of (1) information acquisition, (2) information distribution, (3) information interpretation, and (4) behavioral and cognitive changes. New knowledge obtained through organizational learning improves innovativeness. As a methodological framework, we use the partial least square (PLS) approach to structural equation modeling on data from 107 Spanish companies. The results show that organizational learning has a strong positive direct impact on process, product, and service innovations. In addition, the impact of organizational learning on innovation is also indirect, via innovative culture.

  3. Attitudes of cynicism, fear and acceptance with the organizational change in a group of executives in Lima (Peru).

    OpenAIRE

    Saravia Vergara, Enrique

    2016-01-01

    The paper analyzes, exploratory level, validation of questionnaire to measure attitudes toward organizational change proposed by the Rabelo, Ros and Torres. The study led to 23 executives in Lima, obtained high levels of reliability and validity for each of the three-dimensional model of attitudes toward organizational change proposed by the authors: "attitudes of cynicism", "attitudes of fear" and "attitudes acceptance" to organizational change. However, factor analysis of each of the three ...

  4. THE IMPACT OF CULTURE ON ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR

    OpenAIRE

    Treven, Sonja; Mulej, Matjaž; Lynn, Monty

    2008-01-01

    In the paper, the authors first present two approaches to the scrutiny of the culture - Hofstede's dimensions of cultural values and Hall's approach to high- and low-context cultures. In the second part, they devote their attention to the interaction of culture and organizational behaviour. They also describe how culture affects the ethics and motivation of employees in companies, the way of communicating, success of conflict solving and organizational change. The authors also analyze the...

  5. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smidts, Ale; Pruyn, Ad Th.H.; Riel, van Cees B.M.

    2001-01-01

    Employees' organizational identification was measured in three organizations. Results show that employee communication augments perceived external prestige and helps explain organizational identification. Communication climate plays a central role, mediating the impact on organizational identificati

  6. Transactional and transformational leadership impacts on organizational learning

    OpenAIRE

    Zagorsek, Hugo; Dimovski, Vlado; Skerlavaj, Miha

    2009-01-01

    This study empirically relates two important areas of management research: the full-range theory of leadership and the organizational learning process. Specifically, this contribution addresses three issues: (1) the impact of transformational leadership and (2) of transactional leadership on the organizational learning process and (3) whether the influence of transformational leadership is stronger than of a transactional type of leadership. The results show that transformational leadership h...

  7. The Impact of Group Cohesiveness on Organizational Performance: The Nigerian Case

    OpenAIRE

    Adeleke Oladapo Banwo; Jianguo Du; Uchechi Onokala

    2015-01-01

    Several scholarly studies have associated strong group performance with a high level of group cohesion among the members. In this study, we investigated the impact of group cohesion on organizational performance using Carron, Widmeyer, and Brawley group environment questionnaire and Beauchamp, Bray and Carron (2002) role perception and acceptance scale administered to 180 employees in four branches of a commercial bank in Nigeria. The questionnaire was divided into three sections: demographic...

  8. Electronic commerce and the organizational impact

    OpenAIRE

    Vasile Florescu; Valentin Dumitru

    2007-01-01

    E-commerce quickly becomes an instrument of strategic importance for companies. Choosing e-commerce supposes developing and deploying intercompanies architectures supported by the use of information technologies and communications (IT&C) and especially by the Internet technology in commercial transactions and also in evaluating the changes made within the company. Changes’` management is a condition for the success or failure of the e-commerce. Research in organizational changes brought by th...

  9. The impact of selected organizational variables and managerial leadership on radiation therapists' organizational commitment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of selected organizational factors and the leadership behavior of supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations. The population for this study consists of all full time clinical radiation therapists registered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) in the United States. A random sample of 800 radiation therapists was obtained from the ARRT for this study. Questionnaires were mailed to all participants and measured organizational variables; managerial leadership variable and three components of organizational commitment (affective, continuance and normative). It was determined that organizational support, and leadership behavior of supervisors each had a significant and positive affect on normative and affective commitment of radiation therapists and each of the models predicted over 40% of the variance in radiation therapists organizational commitment. This study examined radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations and found that affective (emotional attachment to the organization) and normative (feelings of obligation to the organization) commitments were more important than continuance commitment (awareness of the costs of leaving the organization). This study can help radiation oncology administrators and physicians to understand the values their radiation therapy employees hold that are predictive of their commitment to the organization. A crucial result of the study is the importance of the perceived support of the organization and the leadership skills of managers/supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to the organization.

  10. Organizational Change and Impact of IT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carugati, Andrea; Mola, Lapo

    2008-01-01

    with ERP implementations may not be limited to ERP cases but it is a much wider phenomenon that touches all IT investments of strategic relevance. This situation requires a change in the mindset of practitioners and academics alike. To remain competitive businesses have to undergo processes of continuous...... improvements and therefore they need to stop thinking in terms of projects - with a defined goal and timeframe - and start thinking in terms of change processes. However, while much research has been conducted on IT related change, social, organizational, and behavioral consequences associated with information...

  11. Employee Perceptions of Corporate Reputation and Impact of The Perceptions on Organizational Pride, Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction: A Study on the East Marmara Region Plastic Packaging Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Çekmecelioğlu, Hülya Gündüz; Dinçel, Güler

    2014-01-01

    Corporate reputation accepted as one of the strategic sources is corporate assets which add value to firm and has long-term benefits. Due to the increasing importance, in the recent years, corporate reputation has been an interesting subject for academicians along with the business world. The aim of this study is to examine how employees perceive the corporate reputation of the enterprises operating in plastic packaging industry and the impact of these perceptions on organizational pride, job...

  12. Impact of yoga way of life on organizational performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adhia Hasmukh

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Organizational performance can be attributed to a number of factors. However, there are certain organizational factors, the presence or absence of which can determine the success or failure of the organization. There are different ways in which organizations try to improve their performance by working on such factors. In the research presented in this article, an attempt is made to find out whether adoption of the Yoga Way of Life by managers can have a positive impact on such organizational performance indicators. Aims: To measure effect of yoga way of life on five different indicators through an empirical study. Materials and Methods: The five indicators are job satisfaction, job involvement, goal orientation, affective organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior. Statistics Analysis: Pre- and post-data was measured using self-reported questionnaire. Independent T-test (Paired and Pearson′s correlation test were conducted using SPSS. Results and Conclusion: The results of the study show that Yoga has a significant positive impact on four out of five of these indicators. Only job involvement does not show significant improvement. The construct used for measuring job involvement had a Chronbach alpha of 0.613, which is an indicator of moderate reliability, which could be the main reason for not getting positive result.

  13. Impact Of Leadership Styles On Employee Organizational Commitment

    OpenAIRE

    Sharon Clinebell; Vida Škudienė; Renata Trijonyte; James Reardon

    2013-01-01

    This research study examines the relationship between transformational, transactional and passive/avoidant leadership styles and three dimensions of organizational commitment – affective, continuance, and normative in two subsidiaries of one multinational organization. The research findings revealed that transformational leadership has the strongest impact on affective commitment, although transactional leadership also affects affective commitment. Transformational leadership also has a signi...

  14. The Impact of Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" on Organizational Behavior Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Eric J.; VanStelle, Sarah E.

    2010-01-01

    In the book "Verbal Behavior," Skinner provided a comprehensive, behavioral account of language. While the impact of Skinner's analysis on empirical research has been examined broadly, this review of the literature focused on studies relevant to organizational behavior management (OBM). Both empirical and nonempirical journal articles in OBM were…

  15. Study the effect of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power Generation plants (small-scale generation by organizational Consumers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mohammadRahim Esfidani

    2012-09-01

    2.\tOrder of importance and influence of organizational factors to be organizational resources, organizational goals and tasks, perception, organization representatives, technology, organizational values, and organizational structure respectively.

  16. The Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luftim CANIA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Organizational performance is getting more and more important, especially in a market with greater competition and dynamic. Organizational performance is measured through different indicators. It guarantees the continuity of the organization to be competitive in a global marketplace. Normally, the implementation of performance indicators achieved through human resources. Human resources are the key for keeping the organization in the market so competitive. These human resources need to be managed effectively to achieve the required performance of the organization. It is necessary to manage strategically the human resources and to adapt at its strategy with organizational strategy. The aim of this study is focused on the impact of the strategic management of human resource in achieving organizational performance. This study was conducted based on primary and secondary sources. How much organizations appear competitive in the market through achieving the performance indicators? How important is the management of human resources in achieving organizational performance? So, through the skills, behaviors and attitudes would be expected by human resources to achieve the required performance in the organization.

  17. Gender and Leadership Aspiration: The Impact of the Organizational Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Erlemann, C.

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractSummary The aim of this dissertation is to examine gender differences in leadership aspiration. Although some important work regarding gender-specific aspiration has been done already, conditions fostering leadership aspiration – particularly among women – are not completely understood. Therefore, the focus of this dissertation is on assessing the potential impact of the organizational environment, including formal and informal elements, as well as relevant actors and their re...

  18. Generational Differences Impact On Leadership Style And Organizational Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mecca M. Salahuddin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many factors can affect organizational success. One factor that is important to organizational success is effective leadership.  Research has shown there are differences in leadership style among generations.  A cohort- group whose length approximates the span of life and boundaries and fixed by peer personality defines a generation.  The purpose of this paper is to review the current leadership styles and generational differences literature.  The paper examines whether there is a relationship between leadership style and generational cohort and its potential impact on organizational success.  Structured interviews were conducted with individuals representing each generation.  Five open-ended questions were asked to participants to determine the generation they identified. In addition, participants used a 1-10 ranking scale to identify preferred characteristics in admired leaders.  The interviews demonstrated there are difference and similarities among the generations.  Veterans and Generation Xers view honesty as important core values.  Both express the need for communication in bridging the communication gap.  Differences related to Baby Boomer belief in self-commitment and Veterans recognizing the importance with surrounding yourself with others.  The author recommends researchers continue to examine, using an empirical method, generational differences and leadership styles to understand its affect on organizational success.

  19. Reinventing a health sciences digital library--organizational impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Margaret E; Garrison, Scott; Hayes, Barrie; McLendon, Wallace

    2003-01-01

    What is the organizational impact of becoming a digital library, as well as a physical entity with facilities and collections? Is the digital library an add-on or an integrated component of the overall library package? Librarians see sweeping environmental and technological changes. The staff members feel exhilarated and challenged by the pressures to adapt quickly and effectively. Librarians recognize that a Web presence, like other technology components, must be continuously enhanced and regularly re-engineered. The Health Sciences Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, is reinventing its digital presence to better meet the needs of the community. This paper provides a case study focusing on major changes in planning processes, organizational structure, staffing, budgeting, training, communications, and operations at the Health Sciences Library.

  20. Children's Agricultural Safety Network: Evaluating Organizational Effectiveness and Impacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramer, Mary E; Wendl, Mary J

    2015-01-01

    Coalitions that are effectively organized and led are more likely to achieve their intended program outcomes and impacts, as well as achieve sustainability. External evaluation of the coalition's governance and leadership can help identify strengths and areas for improvement. This article describes the evaluation of the Children's Agricultural Safety Network (CASN)-a national coalition, or network of 45 organizational members. The conceptual framework, Internal Coalition Outcomes Hierarchy, guided the evaluation. We used a mixed-methods approach to answer study's primary objectives from the perspective of CASN members and leaders for (a) organizational effectiveness, (b) network impact, and (c) member benefits. We collected quantitative data using a survey and the Internal Coalition Effectiveness (ICE) instrument. Focused interviews were conducted by phone to gather rich data on examples. Combined findings showed that both members and leaders rated the CASN effective in all construct areas that define successful coalitions. Members feel as invested in CASN success as do leaders. The major impact of CASN has been as a national leader and clearinghouse for childhood safety issues, and the most frequently cited example of impact was the national tractor safety campaign. Members identified the benefits of CASN membership as networking, resource sharing, and opportunities to enhance their knowledge, skills, and practices in the area. Members also valued the national attention that CASN was able to bring to the important issues in childhood agricultural safety. Suggestions for improvement were to focus on more research to improve best practices and strengthen dissemination and implementation science. PMID:25906269

  1. Children's Agricultural Safety Network: Evaluating Organizational Effectiveness and Impacts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cramer, Mary E; Wendl, Mary J

    2015-01-01

    Coalitions that are effectively organized and led are more likely to achieve their intended program outcomes and impacts, as well as achieve sustainability. External evaluation of the coalition's governance and leadership can help identify strengths and areas for improvement. This article describes the evaluation of the Children's Agricultural Safety Network (CASN)-a national coalition, or network of 45 organizational members. The conceptual framework, Internal Coalition Outcomes Hierarchy, guided the evaluation. We used a mixed-methods approach to answer study's primary objectives from the perspective of CASN members and leaders for (a) organizational effectiveness, (b) network impact, and (c) member benefits. We collected quantitative data using a survey and the Internal Coalition Effectiveness (ICE) instrument. Focused interviews were conducted by phone to gather rich data on examples. Combined findings showed that both members and leaders rated the CASN effective in all construct areas that define successful coalitions. Members feel as invested in CASN success as do leaders. The major impact of CASN has been as a national leader and clearinghouse for childhood safety issues, and the most frequently cited example of impact was the national tractor safety campaign. Members identified the benefits of CASN membership as networking, resource sharing, and opportunities to enhance their knowledge, skills, and practices in the area. Members also valued the national attention that CASN was able to bring to the important issues in childhood agricultural safety. Suggestions for improvement were to focus on more research to improve best practices and strengthen dissemination and implementation science.

  2. Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support on the Impact of Psychol ogical Capital on Organizational Identification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haluk Erdem

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Employees’ loyalty toward organizations is decreasing gradually recently. This phenomenon negatively affects the dimensions of organizational behavior directly or indirectly. In this study, the effect of psychological capital on organizational identification, and the mediating role of perceived org anizational support in this association are explored. Thereby, data based on the government employees in Bitlis Province (n=478 are analyzed (exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, regression analysis and it is supported that psychological capital increases positively and significantly perceived organizational support and organizational identification. Besides, the mediating role of organizational support in the association between psychological capital and organizational identification is supporte d using tree step regression analysis and Sobel Test

  3. A study to measure the impact of organizational culture and organizational excellence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asghar Nikbakht Elham Nikbakht

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Organizational culture plays an important role on increasing organization excellence and there are many evidences through different studies on this relationship. In this paper, we re-examine this relation between organizational culture and six other important factors including quality of leadership, quality of different strategies, quality of human resources, quality of participating in organizational resources, quality of organizational processes and methods of assessment. The study was held among 70 employees of one of distance learning universities located in province of Esfahan, Iran. The study uses Pearson correlation ratio as well as linear regression technique to investigate the relationships. The results confirmed that there are positive and meaningful relationship between organizational culture and quality of leadership, quality of different strategies, quality of human resources, quality of participating in organizational resources, quality of organizational processes but it does not find any meaningful relationship between organizational culture and methods of assessment.

  4. Impact of organizational change on organizational culture: implications for introducing evidence-based practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Michael J; Claassen, Jennette

    2008-01-01

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) seeks to integrate the expertise of individual practitioners with the best available evidence within the context of the values and expectations of clients. Prior to implementing EBP, it is important to understand the significance that organizational change and organizational culture play. This article seeks to explore the literature associated with both organizational change and organizational culture. The analysis of organizational culture and change draw upon findings from both the private, for-profit sector, and the public, non-profit field. It is divided into four sections: organizational change and innovation, organizational culture, managing organizational culture and change, and finally, applying the findings to the implementation of EBP. While the audience for this analysis is managers in public and nonprofit human service organizations who are considering implementing EBP into their work environment, it is not intended to provide a "how to" guide, but rather a framework for critical thinking.

  5. Impact Of Leadership Styles On Employee Organizational Commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharon Clinebell

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This research study examines the relationship between transformational, transactional and passive/avoidant leadership styles and three dimensions of organizational commitment – affective, continuance, and normative in two subsidiaries of one multinational organization. The research findings revealed that transformational leadership has the strongest impact on affective commitment, although transactional leadership also affects affective commitment. Transformational leadership also has a significant positive affect on normative commitment. Transactional leadership has a significant positive affect on continuance commitment and positive/avoidant leadership has a significant negative affect on affective commitment.

  6. IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING ON DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS OF ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A CASE STUDY OF ASIAN FOOD INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    HUANG HUI, CHE WAN JASIMAHBT WAN MOHAMED RADZI, HASHEMSALARZADEH JENATABADI MARYAM KHEIROLLAHPOUR &SON RADU

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of the study is to establish the relationships between knowledge management (KM) and organizational learning (OL), and their impact on three different dimensions of organizational performance (OP)in manufacturing food industries. 172 companies in food industry were selected in China, Taiwan and Malaysia, and structural equation modeling (SEM) is applied to test the hypotheses in the research model. The results show that KM and OL have positive effect on three dimensions of OP.

  7. Knowledge management adoption and its impact on organizational learning and non-financial performance

    OpenAIRE

    Yudho Giri Sucahyo; Diyah Utari; Nur Fitriah Ayuning Budi; Achmad Nizar Hidayanto; Dina Chahyati

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the determinants of knowledge management (KM) adoption on organizational and individual level, as well as its impact on non-financial performance through an intermediary of organizational learning (“OL”). The KM adoption model was constructed by using a combination of TOE (Technology, Organizational and Environment) for the organizational level and TPE (Technology, Personal, and Environmental) framework for the individual level; this we called the TOPE (Technolo...

  8. Employees’ acceptance of knowledge management systems and its impact on creating learning organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sun Joo Yoo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Many organizations are eager to become learning organizations that are known to contribute to increased financial performance, innovation, and the retention of workers who possess valuable organizational knowledge. For this reason, knowledge management systems (KMSs in reality have been utilized as a means to foster the development of learning organizations. However, it remains questionable as to whether or not KMSs have any impact on the creation of learning organizations. Therefore, this study is designed to address this deficit and build a foundation for future research. Situated in theoretical frameworks pertinent to learning organizations and technology acceptance, a total of 327 datasets collected from three South Korean companies revealed that employees’ technology acceptances of KMSs could influence the creation of learning organizations in the workplaces of South Korea. The results showed that using KMSs influenced the development of learning organizations. To maximize the utilization of KMSs, the change management process should not be overlooked before and after the integration of technology.

  9. Impact of dietary plant protein levels on the consumer acceptability of senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup, 1858)

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, L.; Anjos, O.; Lima, R.C.; M. C. Cunha; Valente, L.; Cunha, L. M.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the present work was to assess the impact of different vegetable diets in the sensory acceptability of Senegalese sole. This work was carried out by Project PROAMBIENTE for enhancing SMEs organizational and management structure to enter foreign markets. PROAMBIENTE has the financial support of Quadro de Referência Estratégico Nacional – QREN and Programa Operacional Regional do Norte – ON2, supported by the European fund for regional development FEDER.

  10. Motivation and Its Impact on Organizational Effectiveness in Albanian Businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dritan Shoraj

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Organizations wish to perform successfully in the market and if possible to have a sustainable economic growth. However, in the current circumstances of globalization and strong competition, technology is advancing at a rapid pace, hence making the market an unsafe environment. The business organizations (BOs would have to make full use of all resources available. It is already a well-known fact that human resources or organization personnel constitute a key asset for achieving success. Yet, what makes the employees of a BO satisfied or motivated to achieve the planned objectives? In this research, we analyze some of the factors influencing the motivation of employees to enhance their performance. Through empirical and theoretical analysis, the study will identify the relationship between the motivation of employees and organizational effectiveness and finally the increase of BO revenues. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact produced by the motivation of employees on organizational effectiveness. Personnel motivation will involve criteria such as employees’ bonus, good communication within the working premises, and satisfaction at their job place.

  11. Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support on the Impact of Psychol ogical Capital on Organizational Identification

    OpenAIRE

    Haluk Erdem; Yunus Gökmen; Ufuk Türen

    2015-01-01

    Employees’ loyalty toward organizations is decreasing gradually recently. This phenomenon negatively affects the dimensions of organizational behavior directly or indirectly. In this study, the effect of psychological capital on organizational identification, and the mediating role of perceived org anizational support in this association are explored. Thereby, data based on the government employees in Bitlis Province (n...

  12. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Employee's Job Satisfaction: The Malaysian Companies Perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Choong K. Fatt; Edward W.S. Khin; Tioh N. Heng

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: This research study analyzed the impact of organizational justice as encompassed by two components, namely distributive justice and procedural justice on employees job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. This study revealed a positive and significant relationship showing that the foundation of an employees job satisfaction and organizational commitment is within the application of both distributive and procedural justice, and this supports a sig...

  13. Innovation or Imitation? The Impact of Organizational Culture on Market Entry Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Xu; Chen, Qianqian

    2015-01-01

    We examined the impacts of different kinds of organizational culture on an innovative organizational orientation in China. We used multiple linear regression analysis to test a sample of 300 Chinese companies. The empirical results show that adhocracy culture fosters an innovative organizational strategy while hierarchical culture promotes an imitative strategy. Furthermore, the findings provide evidence that China's unique cultural characteristics show differences from previous Western-based...

  14. Impacts of Organizational Culture on the Practice of Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安然

    2013-01-01

      Organizational culture has received increasing attention in recent years both from academics and practioners. Many researchers have confirmed the influence of values on management theories. Barney regards organizational culture as a significant element in creating and implementing the best strategy for competitive advantage. Every thing has pros and cons, organization culture is no exception, and problems caused by organizational culture must be recognized as well, such as barriers to mergers and acquisitions.

  15. The impact of organizational culture on perceptions and experiences of sexual harassment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Timmerman, M.C.; Bajema, C.W.

    2000-01-01

    In sexual harassment research, the importance of organizational variables has become increasingly clear. Utilizing the results of a survey conducted at a telecommunications company in 1997 (N = 458), this study elaborates on the impact of organizational culture on the incidence of unwanted sexual be

  16. Impact of School Managers' Altruist Behaviors upon Organizational Cynicism: The Case of Kocaeli, Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konakli, Tugba

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research is to determine the impact of school managers' altruist behaviors upon organizational cynicism by examining the relationship between school managers' altruist behaviors according to teachers and teachers' perceptions of organizational cynicism. The research sample consisted of 250 teachers employed in 15…

  17. The Impact of Organizational Factors on Safety. The Perspective of Experts from the Spanish Nuclear Sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Previous research supports the importance of organizational factors on safety in high reliability organizations. This study aims to determine the impact of those factors in the Spanish nuclear sector. Particularly, this study focuses on examining the role of performance indicators, organizational culture, organizational factors, and organizational context. With that purpose, an electronic survey addressed to experts from the Spanish nuclear sector was carried out. Results showed that performance indicators are well-known among industry experts and are perceived as useful for improving performance. Behavioural norms that influence safety and some relevant factors that promote problem identification were identified. Additionally, findings suggested that organizational context must be taken into account to better understand the role of organizational culture. Moreover, industry experts pointed out organizational factors to be improved: organizational communication processes within the organization, positive reinforcement, and field supervisors practices. Finally, findings supported the influence of organizational context on safety. It is noteworthy the role of the social impact of international events (e.g., Chernobyl...), the relationship with the regulator and the legislative and governmental framework. (Author)

  18. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Turnover Intention of Bankers of KPK, Pakistan: The Mediator Role of Organizational Commitment

    OpenAIRE

    Norhani Bakri; Nazim Ali

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this research was to investigate the mediating effect of organizational commitment between organizational justice and turnover Intention of bankers, Pakistan. Data were collected through organizational commitment questionnaire, organizational justice questionnaire and turnover Intention questionnaire from 177 bankers of KPK, Pakistan. Results showed that organizational justice had a significant positive relationship with organizational commitment and negative relationship ...

  19. Exploring the Impact of God Schema on Equal Opportunity Climate and Related Indicators of Organizational Effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Findlay, Rolanda Alexis

    2009-01-01

    The present study explored the relationship between God schema and work place perceptions, specifically perceptions of equal opportunity (EO) climate and indicators of organizational effectiveness (OE). The first aim of this research was to investigate the impact of God schema (i.e., God schema patterns) on EO climate (i.e., collective EO climate patterns). The second aim of this research was to explore the impact of God schema, race, gender, and EO climate on indicators of organizational eff...

  20. Organizational Impacts due to ISO 9001 Certified Implementation on Brazilians Cardboard Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Glaucia Aparecida Prates; Jose Claudio Caraschi

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the evaluation internal and external organizational impacts of a company that has adopted a total quality management system: ISO 9001 certification. Based on a case study, supported in bibliographic references in a cardboard sector company, the survey aims to measure and evaluate the basic concepts of quality and the certification benefits. Upon this study completion it was found that actually getting a certified ISO 9001 brings many organizational impacts and leads to ove...

  1. ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF THE SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE ON THE OVERALL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florian Gyula Laszlo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available After presenting the multidimensionality of organizational performance and its specific in the context of a supply chain, this paper uses a Romanian dataset of firms to estimate the impact of different areas of performance in the context of a supply chain on the overall organizational performance. Analysis follows a balanced scorecards approach, identifying four areas of performances in the context of supply chains. Results show that financial, marketing and innovation do have a positive and statistically significant impact on the overall organizational performance.

  2. The Mutual Impact of Global Strategy and Organizational Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hotho, Jasper J.; Lyles, Marjorie A.; Easterby-Smith, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Despite the interest in issues of knowing and learning in the global strategy field, there has been limited mutual engagement and interaction between the fields of global strategy and organizational learning. The purpose of our article is to reflect on and articulate how the mutual exchange...... of ideas between these fields can be encouraged. To this end, we first conduct a review of the intersection of the fields of global strategy and organizational learning. We then present two recommendations regarding how the interaction between the two fields can be enhanced. Our first recommendation...... is for global strategy research to adopt a broader notion of organizational learning. Our second recommendation is for global strategy research to capitalize on its attention to context in order to inform and enhance organizational learning theory. We discuss the use of context in a number of common research...

  3. Generational Differences Impact On Leadership Style And Organizational Success

    OpenAIRE

    Mecca M. Salahuddin

    2011-01-01

    Many factors can affect organizational success. One factor that is important to organizational success is effective leadership.  Research has shown there are differences in leadership style among generations.  A cohort- group whose length approximates the span of life and boundaries and fixed by peer personality defines a generation.  The purpose of this paper is to review the current leadership styles and generational differences literature.  The paper examines whether th...

  4. Impact of Organizational Characteristics on Employees’ Workplace Preferences

    OpenAIRE

    Alperen Mustafa Yigit; Murat Koc; Sema Yigit

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to find the important attributes of organizations that effect employee choice, using conjoint analysis as an analytical tool. According to the purpose firstly 11 organizational attributes were determined based on relevant literature then the following five attributes of organizations were identified with a pilot study: pay level, social insurance, organizational reputation, working hours and transportation. Using subjects from a cement factory in Ordu, 105 respond...

  5. The Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Luftim CANIA

    2014-01-01

    Organizational performance is getting more and more important, especially in a market with greater competition and dynamic. Organizational performance is measured through different indicators. It guarantees the continuity of the organization to be competitive in a global marketplace. Normally, the implementation of performance indicators achieved through human resources. Human resources are the key for keeping the organization in the market so competitive. These human resources need to be man...

  6. The Negative Impact of Organizational Cynicism on Physicians and Nurses

    OpenAIRE

    Volpe, Rebecca L.; Mohammed, Susan; Hopkins, Margaret; Shapiro, Daniel; Dellasega, Cheryl

    2014-01-01

    Despite the potentially severe consequences that could result, there is a paucity of research on organizational cynicism within US healthcare providers. In response, this study investigated the effect of cynicism on organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and interest in leaving the hospital for another job in a sample of 205 physicians and 842 nurses. Three types of cynicism were investigated: trait (dispositional), global (directed toward the hospital), and local (directed toward a spe...

  7. The impact of work rewards on radiographers' organizational commitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akroyd, D; Mulkey, W; Utley-Smith, Q

    1995-01-01

    Organizational commitment is an affective work outcome that has been used to predict work-related behaviors such as turnover, absenteeism and intent-to-leave. There has been little research in organizational commitment for the allied health professions and no empirical studies in the radiologic sciences. The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive value of selected intrinsic and extrinsic work reward variables--involvement, significance, autonomy, general working conditions, supervision and salary--on staff radiographers' organizational commitment. In this study of 600 full-time staff radiographers in North and South Carolina, supervision (for ages 20-37 years) and involvement (for ages 38-66 years) were significant predictors of organizational commitment. The results of the study indicate that healthcare organizations should provide potential supervisors with managerial training, especially for radiographers who move to supervisory positions based on clinical skills and years of experience. In the long run, such programs are much less expensive than costs associated with replacing employees who leave the organization because of low organizational commitment. Also, management strategies and programs to redesign and enhance job tasks may help maintain or increase organizational commitment. PMID:10143137

  8. The negative impact of organizational cynicism on physicians and nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volpe, Rebecca L; Mohammed, Susan; Hopkins, Margaret; Shapiro, Daniel; Dellasega, Cheryl

    2014-01-01

    Despite the potentially severe consequences that might result, there is a paucity of research on organizational cynicism within US health care providers. In response, this study investigated the effect of cynicism on organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and interest in leaving the hospital for another job in a sample of 205 physicians and 842 nurses. Three types of cynicism were investigated: trait (dispositional), global (directed toward the hospital), and local (directed toward a specific unit or department). Findings indicate that all 3 types of cynicism were negatively related to affective organizational commitment and job satisfaction, but positively related to interest in leaving. In both nurse and physician samples, cynicism explained about half of the variance in job satisfaction and affective commitment, which is the type of commitment managers are most eager to promote. Cynicism accounted for about a quarter and a third of the variance in interest in leaving the hospital for nurses and physicians, respectively. Trait, global, and local cynicism each accounted for unique variance in affective commitment, job satisfaction, and interest in leaving, with global cynicism exerting the largest influence on each outcome. The implications for managers are that activities aimed at decreasing organizational cynicism are likely to increase affective organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and organizational tenure. PMID:25350015

  9. The impact of ethical climate on turnover intentions and organizational performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Nikkhah Farkhani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the impact of ethical climate on turnover intentions and organizational performance based on the implementation of various techniques. The interview method was used to identify the factors of input and output. Required data were collected to measure performance of firms based on some documents. The survey method was used to study the ethical climate and turnover intentions. The impact of ethical climate on turnover intentions and organizational performance was evaluated. The information was analyzed based on different software packages including Deap2.1, SPSS.18 (PASW and Lisrel 8.1. The preliminary results indicate that organizational ethical climate positively impacts on sales representative performance and negatively influences on turnover Intentions. The highest positively correlations were between sales practices and organizational performance (r=0.48 and the highest negatively correlations were between sales practices and turnover intentions(r=-0.72.

  10. Organizational Justice and Perceived Organizational Support: Impact on Negative Work-Home Interference and Well-being Outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Audrey Babic

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available It is well established that negative work-home interference (NegWHI impacts upon several work attitudes and behaviors. In the interests of both organizational effectiveness and employee well-being, it is important to identify concepts related to NegWHI and investigate their effects on well-being outcomes. This study examines the mediating role of (1 perceived organizational support (POS in the relationship between organizational justice (OJ and NegWHI; and (2 NegWHI in the relationships between POS and four well-being outcomes. A total of 509 employees of a Belgian hospital were surveyed. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling and the bootstrapping method. Results showed that POS partially mediates the relationships between distributive and passive procedural justice and NegWHI, and fully mediates the relationship between the other justice dimensions and NegWHI. NegWHI partially mediates the relationships between POS and both job satisfaction and intention to quit, and fully mediates the relationship between POS and job strain. Furthermore, POS is positively related to job engagement. This study showed that organizations can help employees to better manage their work and family lives and reduce the impact of NegWHI by enhancing employees’ feeling that they are supported by their organization. In order to increase POS, organizations need to promote justice in the workplace.

  11. Knowledge management adoption and its impact on organizational learning and non-financial performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yudho Giri Sucahyo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to investigate the determinants of knowledge management (KM adoption on organizational and individual level, as well as its impact on non-financial performance through an intermediary of organizational learning (“OL”. The KM adoption model was constructed by using a combination of TOE (Technology, Organizational and Environment for the organizational level and TPE (Technology, Personal, and Environmental framework for the individual level; this we called the TOPE (Technology, Personal, Organizational, and Environment framework. Questionnaires were sent to 60 Indonesian big companies which participated in the Most Admired Knowledge Enterprise (MAKE Award. Data from 139 respondents (51 companies was analysed using partial least squares (PLS. This study showed the most essential factors influencing KM adoption and practice are perceived usefulness, ease of use of KM technology, industrial factors, management support, organization culture, and IT infrastructure. Meanwhile, the factors that are loosely connected to adoption initiative and KM practice are mimetic pressure, strategic planning, and organizational structure. In addition, the result of this study inferred that KM adoption and implementation fairly impact on the improvement of non-financial performance by the intermediary of organizational learning capability improvement.

  12. Follower Behavior and Organizational Performance : the Impact of Transformational Leaders

    OpenAIRE

    Boerner, Sabine; Eisenbeiss, Silke Astrid; Griesser, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    This study sheds light on the mediating processes by which transformational leadership influences follower performance and innovation, respectively. We hypothesize that transformational leaders boost follower performance by stimulating organizational citizenship behavior, whereas they enhance follower innovation by triggering controversial discussion of task related issues (debate). On the contrary, we do not expect these mediating effects to hold for the relationship between transactional le...

  13. School Innovation: The Mutual Impacts of Organizational Learning and Creativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCharen, Belinda; Song, JiHoon; Martens, Jon

    2011-01-01

    The primary aim of this research is to identify cultural determinants of organizational learning and knowledge creation practices, which could be the driving factors for the innovation process in school settings (Mulford, 1998; Silins et al., 2002). A conceptual process model for school innovation was developed. In contrast to previous approaches,…

  14. Financial management practices and their impact on organizational performance

    OpenAIRE

    Butt, Babar Zaheer; Hunjra, Ahmed Imran; Rehman, Kashif-Ur-

    2010-01-01

    This study measures the relationship between organizational performance and financial management practices like capital structure decision, dividend policy, investment appraisal techniques, working capital management and financial performance assessment in Pakistani corporate sector. Sample of the study consisted of forty companies operating in Pakistan, related to different sectors and listed at Karachi Stock Exchange. The finance executives and financial analysts of the companies respon...

  15. ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF THE SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE ON THE OVERALL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Florian Gyula Laszlo

    2013-01-01

    After presenting the multidimensionality of organizational performance and its specific in the context of a supply chain, this paper uses a Romanian dataset of firms to estimate the impact of different areas of performance in the context of a supply chain on the overall organizational performance. Analysis follows a balanced scorecards approach, identifying four areas of performances in the context of supply chains. Results show that financial, marketing and innovation do have a positive and ...

  16. The Impact of Adult Degree-Completion Programs on the Organizational Climate of Christian Colleges and Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Pamela

    2010-01-01

    Leaders in Christian higher education are often unaware of how adult degree completion programs (ADCPs) impact a school's organizational behavior, and no research has examined employees' perceptions of its impact. This nonexperimental, descriptive study examined differences in employees' perceptions of the impact on organizational climate of the…

  17. Identifying the Potential Organizational Impact of an Educational Peer Review Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toth, Kate E.; McKey, Colleen A.

    2010-01-01

    The literature on educational peer review (EPR) has focused on evaluating EPR's impact on faculty and/or student learning outcomes; no literature exists on the potential organizational impact. A qualitative (case study) research design explored perceptions of 17 faculty and 10 administrators within a school of nursing in an Ontario university…

  18. The Impact of National Culture on the Organizational Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALICIA FLORENCIA URTEAGA

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The relationships between national culture and organizational culture were analysed in 16 Argentinean companies. Sample was integrated by 429 employees (292 male, and 184 female, mean age 35 years old. Subjects completed, in their own work places, a socio-demographic questionnaire,a scale of national culture, and a scale of organizational practices. Results indicated that organizations adopt practices that, on average, reflect the cultural values of their country of origin. Multiple regression analysis showedthat Argentinean national companies are characterized by practices closely associated with collectivism, high power distance, and high uncertainty avoidance. In contrast, Argentinean privatized companies adopted practices most linked to individualism, low power distance, low uncertainty avoidance,low paternalism, and low fatalism. The results are discussed in light of its strengths and weaknesses, and a new agenda for future research is suggested.

  19. Impact of accidents on organizational aspects of nuclear utilities

    OpenAIRE

    Spurgin, A. J.; Stupples, D.

    2012-01-01

    This paper applies the Beer Viable Systems Model (VSM) approach to the study of nuclear accidents. It relates how organizational structures and rules are affected by accidents in the attempt to improve safety and reduce risk. The paper illustrates this process with reference to a number of accidents. The dynamic cybernetic aspect of the VSM approach to organizations yields a better understanding of the need for good decision-making to minimize risk and how organizations really operate.

  20. Organizational Factors Impact about Touristic Services Consumer Satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Babaita

    2006-01-01

    Touristic activity constitutes, through the organizational and through the quality of the services offered, one of the signs of economic and socio/cultural development of a country. This could became for Romania one of the fundamental and strategic point of economic growth that lies behind the growth of other activity sectors, not only the touristic ones. This paper attempts to provide to those who are interested, a study upon the bound that exists between the customer’s satisfaction, and the...

  1. Impact of TQM and Technology Management on Organizational Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUHAMMAD TASLEEM

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In the growing business competitiveness TQM (Total Quality Management and TM (Technology Management practices have become important for organizational success. TQM fosters business excellence while TM helps to deal with process and product related technological challenges. However, in literature TM has received little consideration with TQM. This paper is a research study that attempts to identify any combined relationship of both concepts with OP (Organizational Performance while taking into account different organizational contextual factors including ISO-9001 certification. Responses from 86 different organizations in Pakistan are collected through questionnaire survey and random sampling. Statistical analysis shows that OP is positively associated to TQM and TM. Results of this study indicate the significance of ISO-9001 certification for TQM but do not support it for OP. It is also observed that organizations of private sector are significantly better in TQM and TM practices, so in OP, in comparison to government or public sector organizations. The study contributes to explore and augment both practices for implementation to improve OP.

  2. Impact of Health Care Employees’ Job Satisfaction On Organizational Performance Support Vector Machine Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cemil Kuzey

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to search for key factors that contribute to job satisfaction among health care workers, and also to determine the impact of these underlying dimensions of employee satisfaction on organizational performance. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA was applied to initially uncover the key factors, and then, in the next stage of analysis, a popular data mining technique, Support Vector Machine (SVM was employed on a sample of 249 to determine the impact of job satisfaction factors on organizational performance. According to the proposed model, the main factors were revealed to be management’s attitude, pay/reward, job security and colleagues.

  3. The Impact of Human Resource Practices and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors on Firm Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davood Babaei

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The examination of organizational citizenship behaviors as the mediating variable through which human resource practices affect firm performance is still scarce. Approach: This study examined the mediation effects of organizational citizenship behaviors on the relationships between selected human resource practices and firm performance. The human resource practices studied were reward and performance appraisal practices and firm performance was studied in terms of quality of services. Data were collected from a sample of 179 branches of two banks in Tehran, Iran. The participants in this study included 176 managerial employees, 352 non-managerial employees and 871 customers. To achieve these objectives a mediation model was tested using structural equation modeling procedure to examine if the hypothesized model fit the data. Results: The results showed that organizational citizenship behaviors fully mediated the relationships between reward practices and quality of services and partially mediated the relationships between performance appraisal practices and quality of services. Conclusion/Recommendations: The findings of this study suggest that human resource practices play a critical role in enhancing employees organizational citizenship behaviors and firm performance. Organizational citizenship behaviors mediate the effects of reward and performance appraisal practices on service quality. To improve service quality, employers should improve reward and performance appraisal practices since these practices have an impact on employees organizational citizenship behaviors which in turn would affect service quality.

  4. To Investigate the Impact of Training, Employee Empowerment and Organizational Climate on Job Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haleema Zia

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the quantitative relationship of training, employee empowerment and organizational climate with job performance. Job performance can be measured in terms of efficiency and effectiveness of employees-how well they perform their tasks in order to achieve organizational goals. Empowerment is very important tool to enhance productivity of an organization by enhancing job performance of employees. In certain conditions it may result in reducing job performance, which depends on organizational climate and how employees and management perceive empowerment. The organizations which conduct regular training programs help to build the skills and competencies of employees. Ethical organizational climate plays a vital role in enhancing the performance by reducing employees’ stress levels and enhanced satisfaction. Based on the literature review, a research model is developed positing that training, employee empowerment and organizational climate has a direct impact on job performance of employees. This model is empirically tested using data collected from National Institute of Health (NIH, Islamabad which is a public sector organization of Pakistan. The target population consisted of 794 employees of NIH and the sample size was calculated as 200 by using as per Krejcie and Morgan (1970 formula for sample determination and for data results various analysis techniques were used like correlation analysis and regression analysis. The results showed a significant relationship of training and organizational climate with job performance. According to the findings of the study, employee empowerment negatively influences the job performance.

  5. The impact of information technologies upon the organizational communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Petronela Durneac

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at bringing a contribution to understanding the role ofinformationtechnology tools in the organizational communication, starting from the framing of concepts likeorganizational communication and information technology approached by authors such as: Shannon,Weaver, Neilson, Pasternack & Viscio, Kearney etc.Then, the paper aims to go further intoidentifying certain explanatory dimensions of the information technology tools. This paper movesfrom the social interaction aspects to the virtual ones, once with the development of modern means ofcommunication. Inthis aspect, the paper tries to shed light on how the use of new informationtechnology tools, mainly the Intranet, Extranet and the Website, affects the ways in whichorganization’s employees interact inside the organization.

  6. Anticipating the organizational impacts of electric industry restructuring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The various aspects of restructuring in the electric industry, and what can be done to anticipate them, were reviewed, based on the California experience. Major issues that will affect the industry organizationally were discussed, with several examples of alternative structural models. Current issues and likely changes in competition at the wholesale level were described, along with the most probable changes in the way electricity will be marketed at the retail level. Potential benefits, and major concerns about retail access were defined. The structure of the industry in California was summarized (the Independent System Operator (ISO), and the Power Exchange (PX) being the principal features). The system's governance, present and future structure, the still evolving nature of regulation, problems with stranded costs and alternative methods for computing them, the transition process itself, the California approach to transition cost recovery, and what all this means to customers, were some of the topics that have received attention

  7. Empirically Supported Treatment's Impact on Organizational Culture and Climate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson-Silver Wolf, David A; Dulmus, Catherine N; Maguin, Eugene

    2012-11-01

    OBJECTIVES: With the continued push to implement empirically supported treatments (ESTs) into community-based organizations, it is important to investigate whether working condition disruptions occur during this process. While there are many studies investigating best practices and how to adopt them, the literature lacks studies investigating the working conditions in programs that currently use ESTs. METHOD: This study compared the culture and climate scores of a large organization's programs that use ESTs and those programs indicating no EST usage. RESULTS: Of the total 55 different programs (1,273 frontline workers), 27 programs used ESTs. Results indicate that the programs offering an EST had significantly more rigid and resistant cultures, compared to those without any ESTs. In regard to climate, programs offering an EST were significantly less engaged, less functional, and more stressed. CONCLUSION: Outcomes indicate a significant disruption in organizational culture and climate for programs offering ESTs.

  8. Experiencing the Impact of Organizational Structure on Planning and Visioning Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennisi, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    The various ways natural resource agencies and programs are structured and how that impacts leadership style and products is an important concept for students to understand. Leadership style and organizational structure determine visions, missions, goals and objectives that set the tone for organizations. This exercise demonstrates organizational…

  9. Organizational Trust in Times of Challenge: The Impact on Faculty and Administrators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppes, Cherron R.; Holley, Karri A.

    2014-01-01

    Higher education institutions have faced increased social, cultural, economic, and political challenges in recent decades. In this study we used the socio-cultural construct of trust to understand how organizational responses to external challenges impact the relationship between faculty members and administrators. Using extensive interviews,…

  10. Impact of Organizational Climate on Performance of College Teachers in Punjab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raza, Syed Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    The study aimed to determine the impact of organizational climate on performance of college teachers. The researcher selected the area of college education as the focus of the study. The study was delimited to all the public sector degree colleges of Punjab. Population of this study consisted of all the principals and teachers working in public…

  11. The History of UTAUT Model and Its Impact on ICT Acceptance and Usage by Academicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oye, N. D.; Iahad, N. A.; Rahim, N. Ab.

    2014-01-01

    This paper started with the review of the history of technology acceptance model from TRA to UTAUT. The expected contribution is to bring to lime light the current development stage of the technology acceptance model. Based on this, the paper examined the impact of UTAUT model on ICT acceptance and usage in HEIs. The UTAUT model theory was…

  12. CHANGE MANAGEMENT PPROCESS AND ACTIVITIES IMPACTS ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A CASE IN PERSPECTIVE OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Almana Naeem; Muhammad Fahad Aslam Khan; Habibullah Orakzai; Dr. Syed Tasweer Hussain Shah

    2013-01-01

    Vibrant environments recognized by technical, economic and political change increasingly requires company agility among organizations. The purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics of change process and their impact on performance of an organization and to identify the culture of an organization that are more favorable to institutionalizing strategic thinking beyond efforts of individual effort or change process. The importance of change as a necessity for company success and g...

  13. Impact of Magnet Culture in Maintaining Quality Outcomes During Periods of Organizational Transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Judith F Zedreck; Wolf, Gail; Dudjak, Linda; Jordan, Bernadette

    2015-01-01

    Organizational transition presents substantial risk to maintaining quality outcomes. The leadership style and culture present during periods of change and transition empower the frontline staff to react quickly and identify opportunities. The culture of Magnet develops the skill set that enables staff to be leaders in problem solving and identifying creative care delivery approaches. Objectives of this study were to analyze the impact of organizational transition on patient and staff satisfaction, quality, and safety in a Magnet-designated hospital and determine key factors contributing to these outcomes. PMID:25768059

  14. Impact of Magnet Culture in Maintaining Quality Outcomes During Periods of Organizational Transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez, Judith F Zedreck; Wolf, Gail; Dudjak, Linda; Jordan, Bernadette

    2015-01-01

    Organizational transition presents substantial risk to maintaining quality outcomes. The leadership style and culture present during periods of change and transition empower the frontline staff to react quickly and identify opportunities. The culture of Magnet develops the skill set that enables staff to be leaders in problem solving and identifying creative care delivery approaches. Objectives of this study were to analyze the impact of organizational transition on patient and staff satisfaction, quality, and safety in a Magnet-designated hospital and determine key factors contributing to these outcomes.

  15. Employee commitment in MNCs: impacts of organizational culture, HRM and top management orientations

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Sully; Levy, Orly; Beechler, Schon; Boyacıgiller, Nakiye Avdan; Boyacigiller, Nakiye Avdan

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of organizational culture and HRM system on employee commitment of core employees in multinational companies (MNCs). In addition, it identifies two top management team orientations global orientation and geocentric orientation that are seen as contributing uniquely to employee commitment in international firms. We found strong overall support for the model. The results also suggest that High Performance Work Practices have a positive impact on commitment r...

  16. The Impact of Organizational Culture and Job Related Affective Well Being on Employees’ Conflict Resolution Styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurdan Özarallı

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the impact of cooperative or competitive organizational culture and employees’ job related affective well being on their preferred conflict resolution styles. A total of 236 white collar employees in the private sector completed questionnaires on “Organizational Culture“, “Job Related Affective Well Being“and “Conflict Resolution Styles“. Results indicated that employees working in a cooperative organizational culture would choose problem solving, compromising and accomodating conflict resolution styles while those working in a competitive work environment would choose forcing and avoiding strategies. Results also showed that while positive job related affective well being is a major predictor o problem solving, compromising, accomodating and avoiding conflict resolution styles, negative job related affective well being significantly predicts forcing and avoiding strategies. Overall, the results draw attention to the preferred conflict resolution strategies assumed by Turkish employees, the role of the conflict environment as well as actors’ affective well being

  17. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Employee's Job Satisfaction: The Malaysian Companies Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Choong K. Fatt

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This research study analyzed the impact of organizational justice as encompassed by two components, namely distributive justice and procedural justice on employee’s job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. This study revealed a positive and significant relationship showing that the foundation of an employee’s job satisfaction and organizational commitment is within the application of both distributive and procedural justice, and this supports a significant negative relationship to turnover intention. Approach: This study included the design and distribution of a self-administered questionnaire to 300 Malaysian employees working for small and middle size companies in the Malaysia, Klang Valley. The sample consisted of managerial and non-managerial employees who volunteered to participate in this study. The results supported the hypothesis that distributive and procedural justice has significant relationship with employee’s job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. Result: This finding implied that the higher the level of employee’s perception towards fairness to the means used to determine outcomes (procedural justice and fairness of the outcomes employees receive (distributive justice tended to increase the level of employees’ job satisfaction, organizational commitment while reduces turnover intention. Therefore, organizations that take a proactive approach to understand employee’s perceptions of distributive and procedural justice, and provide appropriate working environment can potentially reap benefits including cost associated to employee retentions. Conclusion: The findings in this study would help managers and business organization in Malaysia to formulate strategies that involved work factors such as distributive and procedural justice to improve the management of human resource development. These strategies would help in influencing positive behaviors among

  18. The Impact of Organizational Knowledge Integrators on Cooperative R&D Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bulathsinhala, Nadika

    2014-01-01

    This paper addresses the fact that R&D projects that incorporate external knowledge sources not only depend on the number of sources, but also on integrating the right source. An organizational knowledge integrator has a natural interest due to its position in the value chain and the technology...... phase to pull the knowledge from earlier phases of development closer towards commercialization. The aim of the paper is to examine if organizational knowledge integrators in R&D projects have a positive impact on innovative performance compared to projects that do not involve a knowledge integrator....... The methodology approaches applied in the paper are both quantitative and qualitative. The findings show that knowledge integrators have an impact on innovative performance due to they have a significant impact on the development of new technology, innovative technology, scientific publications, and research....

  19. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Career Satisfaction of Employees in the Public Sector of South Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jeong Rok

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between organizational justice and career satisfaction of employees in the public sector of South Korea. Specifically, this study aimed to investigate the impact of three different dimensions (distributive, procedural, and interactional justice) of organizational justice on career…

  20. The Impact of Educational Interventions on Organizational Culture at an Urban Federal Agency. Ph.D. Thesis - Old Dominion Univ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mckenzie, Janet Myrick

    1994-01-01

    This study on the impact of educational interventions on organizational culture is an evaluation of a major educational initiative undertaken by an urban federal agency, namely the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Langley Research Center (NASA-LaRC). The design of this educational evaluation captures the essence of NASA-LaRC's efforts to continue its distinguished and international stature in the aeronautical research community following the Challenger tragedy. More specifically, this study is an evaluation of the educational initiative designed to ameliorate organizational culture via educational interventions, with emphasis on communications, rewards and recognition, and career development. After completing a review of the related literature, chronicling the educational initiative, interviewing senior managers and employees, and critically examining thousands of free responses on employee perceptions of organizational culture, it is found that previous definitions of organizational culture are more accurately classified as manifestations of organizational culture. This research has endeared to redefine 'organizational culture' by offering a more accurate and diagnostic perspective.

  1. The Impact of Management and Organizational Culture on Creativity in the Hotel Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olimpia State

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In today`s business environment, characterized by instability and unpredictability, organizations` success depends on their ability to adapt and manage the changes required. Therefore, in order to achieve long-term corporate success, companies need to have a culture that encourages creativity and innovation. The aim of the article is to investigate the link between corporate culture and creativity and the impact of the management form on organizational culture. The research highlights the Romanian hotel industry culture, using Hofstede`s model. Considering their impact on innovation, there were taken into consideration three factors: individualism, power distance and long term orientation. The article investigates how these factors are influenced by the hotel`s exploitation form and their impact on organizational creativity. The research was conducted on two hotels in Bucharest, affiliated to an international hotel chain. In order to identify the impact of the exploitation form on the hotel`s organizational culture, one of the accommodation units is operated under a management contract, while the other operates under a franchise agreement. The study is based on a survey conducted among the employees of the two hotels. Results indicate differences regarding the corporate culture between the hotel operated under a management contract and the unit operated under a franchise agreement. Recommendations on how to foster employees` creativity are suggested. The implications of the findings are discussed, considering the limitations and future research directions.

  2. Impact of Human Resource Practices on the Organizational Performance in Nestle Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Asma Tayyaba; Mohammad Fiaz; Muhammad Shoaib

    2015-01-01

    This study analyses the contribution effect of HRM (Human Resource Management) practices such as T&D (Training and Development), R&S (Recruitment and Selection), PA (Performance Appraisal System), CPD (Career Planning and Development), CMP (Compensation) and EP (Employee Participation) on the employee performance in Nestle Pakistan. It also elaborates the impact of employee performance on the OP (Organizational Performance). The results conclude the significantly positive relationship of the ...

  3. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    OpenAIRE

    Smidts, Ale; Riel, Cees; Pruyn, A.Th.H.

    2000-01-01

    textabstractEmployees' Organizational Identification (OI) is measured in a customer service organization. Particularly the effects of employee communication and perceived external prestige (PEP) on OI were evaluated. Results show that employee communication affects OI more strongly than PEP. One aspect of employee communication, the communication climate, appears to play a central role: it mediates the impact on OI of the content of employee communication. These results suggest that the impor...

  4. The impact of training interventions on organizational readiness to support innovations in juvenile justice offices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taxman, Faye S; Henderson, Craig; Young, Doug; Farrell, Jill

    2014-03-01

    Clinical trials on technology transfer models are rare, even with the interest in advancing the uptake of evidence-based practices in social service agencies. This article presents the results from a trial examining different transfer strategies to assist juvenile justice caseworkers in using screening, assessment, and case planning practices to address mental health and substance use needs. Study findings examine factors that promote organizational readiness. A clinical trial was conducted examining the impact of three post-training strategies: an external coach to build the social network of the justice office (build social climate), an external coach to educate staff (build skills and knowledge), and a control condition consisting of traditional management directives (directives to staff of agency priorities). All groups were exposed to a 1 day refresher course in motivational interviewing. The social network and skill building groups also attended an intensive 3-day training followed by three on-site booster sessions over a 12 month period of time. Twelve juvenile justice offices (with their 231 juvenile justice staff) were assigned to one of three conditions. The study examined the impact of different transfer conditions on organizational readiness to implement the innovation of screening, assessment, and referral strategies. External coaching targeting the social climate of the justice office to support innovations improved organizational readiness to change, regardless of office size. Coaching that targeted either the social climate or staff knowledge and skills both improved organizational readiness for change compared to management directives, but social climate coaching resulted in greater improvements in receptivity to change. No individual level features of case workers (e.g., age, gender, years of experience) significantly predicted organizational readiness to change. Unexpectedly, the skill and knowledge building approach did not perform any better

  5. The impact of information technology on organizational design: Example in health organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petković Mirjana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to explore the impact of information technology (IT on organization including all elements that are integral part of organizational design through Star Model (Kates and Galbraith, 2007, and to show that IT has become an important strategic resource that provides a concentration of all relevant information for quality decision-making and integration of complex organization with the concept of “Big Data” (Manyika et al, 2011. In order to achieve the aim, research was performed in organization in the health sector which affects the quality of life and standard of living. TheIT impact on organizational design and through him on organizational effectiveness in the health care is visible and provide insight into the implications of information technology and opportunities for reasoning about matters that are the subject of research: whether and how information technology causes changes in the design of the organization; whether it affects all elements of design equally; on which elements has the most intense impact and why; whether and why employees and users of health services exhibit resistance to information technology; under what conditions can be reduced or completely eliminated the resistance of employees and users of health services?

  6. Analyzing the impact of HRM Systems on the organizational climate, culture and outcomes: The mediating role of HMR Strength, organizational climate and culture

    OpenAIRE

    Henriques, Paulo Lencastre Torres Gonçalves

    2014-01-01

    A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics It is the propose of this study to (1) analyze the impact of the Human Resource Management (HRM) content (i.e. practices) in the organizational climate, culture, and performance; (2) assess the influence of the HRM process (i.e. HRM Strength) as a mediator in the link between HRM content and the organizational climate, culture, and performan...

  7. Exploring the organizational impact of software-as-a-Service on software vendors the role of organizational integration in software-as-a-Service development and operation

    CERN Document Server

    Stuckenberg, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    Software-as-a-Service has gained momentum as a software delivery and pricing model within the software industry. Existing practices of software vendors are challenged by a potential paradigm shift. This book analyzes the implications of Software-as-a-Service on software vendors using a business model and value chain perspective. The analysis of qualitative data from software vendors highlights the role of organizational integration within software vendors. By providing insights regarding the impact of Software-as-a-Service on organizational structures and processes of software vendors, this st

  8. The Impact of Iranian Teachers Cultural Values on Computer Technology Acceptance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghi, Karim; Saribagloo, Javad Amani; Aghdam, Samad Hanifepour; Mahmoudi, Hojjat

    2014-01-01

    This study was conducted with the aim of testing the technology acceptance model and the impact of Hofstede cultural values (masculinity/femininity, uncertainty avoidance, individualism/collectivism, and power distance) on computer technology acceptance among teachers at Urmia city (Iran) using the structural equation modeling approach. From among…

  9. The impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and innovation performance: do firm size and ownership type make a difference?

    OpenAIRE

    Beyene, K. T.; Shi, C. S.; Wu, W. W.

    2016-01-01

    Though innovation strategy and organizational learning have been credited to impact on product innovation performance, they have been rarely considered in a single model simultaneously. Thus, the main aim of the paper is to investigate the extent of impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and product innovation performance. A structural equation modelling analysis was performed on the survey data collected from Ethiopian textile and leather product manufacturing firms. The re...

  10. Measuring the impact of HRM on organizational performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasia A. Katou

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES ZH-CN X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:ES-TRAD; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} The purpose of this paper is to measure the impact of HRM on organisational performance in the context of Greece. Data were collected from 178 organisations using a questionnaire survey in the Greek manufacturing sector, and analysed using the ‘structural equation modelling’ methodology. The results indicated that the relationship between HRM policies (resourcing and development, compensation and incentives, involvement and job design and organisational performance is partially mediated through HRM outcomes (skills, attitudes, behaviour, and it is influenced by business strategies (cost, quality, innovation. Thus, the contribution of this study for academics and practitioners is that HRM policies associated with business strategies will affect organisational performance through HRM outcomes.

  11. The Impact of Organizational Climate on Employees' affective Organizational Commitment%组织氛围对员工情感性归属感的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林美珍

    2011-01-01

    文章基于对福建省21个饭店进行的实证研究,检验各类组织氛围(部门的支持型领导氛围、凝聚力和心理受权氛围)对员工情感性归属感的影响。多层次线性模型分析结果表明,部门的支持型领导氛围会通过部门的凝聚力间接影响员工的情感性归属感,并会调节员工的角色模糊对他们的情感性归属感的影响。此外,部门的心理受权氛围会调节员工的心理受权对他们的情感性归属感的影响。%The Author did an empirical study in 21 hotels to investigate the impact of organizational climate on employees' affective organizational commitment.The results of HLM analysis indicate that department supportive leadership climate has indirect effect on employees' affective organizational commitment through department cohesion,and moderates the relationship between employees' role ambiguity and their affective organizational commitment.Department psychological empowerment climate moderates the relationship between employee's individual psychological empowerment and their affective organizational commitment.

  12. The Impact of Social Media and Crowdsourcing on Organizational Innovation Culture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scupola, Ada; Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh

    innovation culture using theory on organizational culture and crowdsourcing. The analysis shows that the organizational crowdsourcing event has supported an innovation culture change in the case company towards a more open approach to innovation; creating a new and different awareness of innovation, allowing......In this article we investigate how social media-based crowdsourcing systems can be used to reengineer the innovation culture in an organization. Based on a case study of a large engineering consultancy’s use of a social media crowdsourcing system we investigate the impact on the organizations...... for internal process innovations, empowering the employees, supporting knowledge work and collaboration across the organization to a new extent and overcoming the traditional hierarchy in the organization....

  13. Multiple organizational identification levels and the impact of perceived external prestige and communication climate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartels, J.; Pruyn, A.T.H.; Jong, de M.D.T.; Joustra, I.

    2007-01-01

    Earlier studies have shown that perceived external prestige and communication climate influence organizational identification. In this paper we present the results of a study of the influence of communication climate and perceived external prestige on organizational identification at various organiz

  14. Impacts of Mixing on Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Homes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sherman, Max H.; Walker, Iain I.

    2010-01-01

    Ventilation reduces occupant exposure to indoor contaminants by diluting or removing them. In a multi-zone environment such as a house, every zone will have different dilution rates and contaminant source strengths. The total ventilation rate is the most important factor in determining occupant exposure to given contaminant sources, but the zone-specific distribution of exhaust and supply air and the mixing of ventilation air can play significant roles. Different types of ventilation systems will provide different amounts of mixing depending on several factors such as air leakage, air distribution system, and contaminant source and occupant locations. Most U.S. and Canadian homes have central heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems, which tend to mix the air; thus, the indoor air in different zones tends to be well mixed for significant fractions of the year. This article reports recent results of investigations to determine the impact of air mixing on exposures of residential occupants to prototypical contaminants of concern. We summarize existing literature and extend past analyses to determine the parameters than affect air mixing as well as the impacts of mixing on occupant exposure, and to draw conclusions that are relevant for standards development and for practitioners designing and installing home ventilation systems. The primary conclusion is that mixing will not substantially affect the mean indoor air quality across a broad population of occupants, homes, and ventilation systems, but it can reduce the number of occupants who are exposed to extreme pollutant levels. If the policy objective is to minimize the number of people exposed above a given pollutant threshold, some amount of mixing will be of net benefit even though it does not benefit average exposure. If the policy is to minimize exposure on average, then mixing air in homes is detrimental and should not be encouraged. We also conclude that most homes in the US have adequate mixing

  15. Teleconsultation service to improve healthcare in rural areas: acceptance, organizational impact and appropriateness

    OpenAIRE

    Borghi Gabriella; Bernocchi Palmira; Scalvini Simonetta; Zanaboni Paolo; Tridico Caterina; Masella Cristina

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Nowadays, new organisational strategies should be indentified to improve primary care and its link with secondary care in terms of efficacy and timeliness of interventions thus preventing unnecessary hospital accesses and costs saving for the health system. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of the use of teleconsultation by general practitioners in rural areas. Methods General practitioners were provided with a teleconsultation service from 2006 to 2008 to...

  16. The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility Perception on The Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Arcan TUZCU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Corporate social responsibility activities influence the stakeholders in the first place, hence the employees, one of the vital stakeholders of the organizations. Social responsibility activities can have a direct effect on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of employees. This paper investigates the employees’ perception on corporate social responsibility, and examines the effect of this perception on organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Hence, the individual factors that have an impact on this perception, namely gender, age, education level, the hierarchical position in the organization, the working time and the participation to the company’s social responsibility projects, are considered. The data collection is through a survey conducted among the employees of Turkish Petroleum Refineries Corporation (TUPRAS, the third most profitable and the largest private firm quoted to the Borsa Istanbul. From the findings obtained through chi square, t-test and ANOVA, one can observe an insignificant relation between organizational commitment and job satisfaction, and perceptions of corporate social responsibilities.

  17. The Impact of Knowledge Management Practices on NPP Organizational Performance - Results of a Global Survey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA has been asked by Member States in the 2012 General Conference Resolutions to ''further increase the level of awareness of efforts in managing nuclear knowledge'' and to continue ''to further develop and disseminate guidance and methodologies for planning, designing, and implementing nuclear knowledge management programs''. The present report summarizes the results of empirical research on the relationship between KM practices in nuclear power plants, their impact on the quality of organizational knowledge processes and the resulting effects on the organizational effectiveness of nuclear power plants. It presents the basic findings of the ''IAEA Global Nuclear Power Plant Survey: Investigating the Link Between Knowledge Management Practices and Organizational Performance'', which was conducted in 2010. This benchmark survey of KM practices in nuclear power plants was developed using a standard research methodology. The survey was made available on a global basis to all nuclear power plant sites. Senior operations managers were asked to complete the survey with input, as required, from their plant management team. Data from individual survey responses were treated as confidential, and only aggregate findings were reported. A total of 124 station ''site organizations'' participated in the survey, representing a response rate of approximately 60%. The findings provide empirical evidence of the importance of KM practices in improving the organizational effectiveness of nuclear power plants. They provide information about the current state of the industry with respect to KM practices, illustrating the direct and tangible benefits of implementing such practices and justifying continued or further efforts to ensure that KM programmes and systems are strategically planned and implemented in operating nuclear power plants. The research provides insights into the mechanisms by which KM practices have an impact on organizational effectiveness and provides a basis for

  18. Social and organizational impacts of the electronic processing system of the brazilian superior tribunal of justice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiana Soares de Freitas

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study on the social and organizational impacts of the Electronic Processing System (EPS implemented in 2008 by the Brazilian Superior Tribunal of Justice (STJ. This system is part of a wider transformation process involving the implementation of a new management model at the STJ. The theoretical framework is based on the Technology Enactment Theory and other studies on the role of technological innovations in public organizations (Fountain, 2005; Freitas, 2012. The main goal of the research is to identify the most significant factors facilitating or inhibiting the innovation adoption. Results show different impacts of the EPS on professional groups and organizations. Political, cultural and economic aspects influence stakeholders’ perceptions of the innovation, including its sustainability, time and costs savings that impact the rate of adoption and the realization of benefits both to users and the organization investing in its development.

  19. Organizational Impact of the Introduction of a New Portable Syringe Pump for Iloprost Therapy in Italian Hospital Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Restelli, Umberto; Faggioli, Paola; Scolari, Francesca; Gussoni, Gualberto; Valerio, Antonella; Sciascera, Alba; Croce, Davide; Mazzone, Antonino

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The study aims at assessing the organizational and economic impact related to the use of a new portable syringe pump (Pompa Infonde®, Italfarmaco S.p.A., Cinisello Balsamo, Italy) at a hospital level. Methodology: Based on the HTA approach, the analysis assessed the organizational and economic impact of the new device at hospital level, using the traditional methods of Iloprost infusion as comparator. After a pilot evaluation, the organizational impact was assessed within 24 Italian hospitals. Structured interviews were conducted with clinicians and nurses. According to the Hospital-Based HTA approach, a questionnaire assessed the impact on human resources, training activities, internal meetings, spaces needed, facilities, clinical practice implications. Using Activity Based Costing approach, the economic evaluation was performed within the pilot center “Ospedale Civile” of Legnano, Italy. Findings: The new device leads to a positive managerial impact, with a substantial reduction of time to monitor patients by nurses. This resulted in a better management of human resources and in a reduction in nursing cost. Although a mild negative impact on training time for personnel, the structured interviews allowed the identification of three main areas of positive impact: (i) efficiency of internal processes, (ii) clinical pathways, (iii) synergies between wards. Originality: The organizational impact of Pompa Infonde®, showed that it is an efficient alternative to traditional methods, with benefits in the management of patients administered with Iloprost.

  20. Assessing the impact of dispositional resistance to change on organizational attraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arciniega, Luis M; Maldonado, Adriana

    2011-11-01

    In recent years there has been an increasing interest among researchers and practitioners to analyze what makes a firm attractive in the eyes of university students, and if individual differences such as personality traits have an impact on this general affect towards a particular organization. The main goal of the present research is to demonstrate that a recently conceptualized narrow trait of personality named dispositional resistance to change (RTC), that is, the inherent tendency of individuals to avoid and oppose changes (Oreg, 2003), can predict organizational attraction of university students to firms that are perceived as innovative or conservative. Three complementary studies were carried out using a total sample of 443 college students from Mexico. In addition to validating the hypotheses, our findings suggest that as the formation of the images of organizations in students' minds is done through social cognitions, simple stimuli such as physical artifacts, when used in an isolated manner, do not have a significant impact on organizational attraction. PMID:22059325

  1. IMPACT OF SUPPORTIVE LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING CULTURE AS A MODERATOR ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Abir Hassan Naqvi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Due to forces of globalization organization are going to multinational. Severity of competition is forcing organizations to psychological empower their employees for maximum performance. In the presence of organizational learning culture and supportive leadership psychological empowerment of employee will lead to organizational commitment. This paper attempt to analyze the relationship among these variables in the context of existing literature. Present days managers face the challenges of motivating employees. Psychological empowerment is the one of the best tool to provide them felling of autonomy and self drive this conceptual development is presented here with the hope that future researchers will analysis these relationships more deeply for the performance optimization of the organization.

  2. The impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and innovation performance: do firm size and ownership type make a difference?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beyene, K. T.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Though innovation strategy and organizational learning have been credited to impact on product innovation performance, they have been rarely considered in a single model simultaneously. Thus, the main aim of the paper is to investigate the extent of impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and product innovation performance. A structural equation modelling analysis was performed on the survey data collected from Ethiopian textile and leather product manufacturing firms. The result reveals that innovation strategy is positively related to product innovation performance. Further, firm size and ownership type moderate the effect of innovation strategy on product innovation performance.

  3. Organizational Relationship Termination Competence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritter, Thomas; Geersbro, Jens

    2011-01-01

    termination are found to significantly affect a firm's relationship termination competence. The findings suggest that managers should regard termination as a legitimate option in customer relationship management. In order to decrease the number of unwanted customers, managers must accept termination...... of organizational termination in order to improve our understanding of the management of termination. The impact of these termination dimensions on the percentage of unwanted customers is developed and tested using PLS on data gathered from a cross-sectional survey of more than 800 sales representatives. We find...

  4. THE IMPACT OF WORKFORCE DIVERSITY ON ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS: A STUDY OF A NIGERIAN BANK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OMANKHANLEN ALEX EHIMARE

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available It is generally recognized that there is diversity in the workforce of any enterprise, be it business, government, or civil society. This study therefore seeks to find out the impact of workforce diversity on organizational effectiveness using a Nigerian bank for the study. We used the Blau’s1977 index of heterogeneity to measure the diversity index. While asset growth for the year 2008 and 2009, using 2007 and 2008 as base year was used to measure the growth strategy. To determine group diversity and performance outcomes moderated by workgroup context, a series of hierarchical regression analysis were conducted. The study finds significant correlation between some of the diversity variables as well as individual diversity variables with the measures of organizational effectiveness. Also it reveals that gender and ethnicity are negatively related to both employee productivity and performance bonus. In addition the study find that gender, age and tenure diversities are positively correlated and are significantly related. It is recommended that company executives use good strategies to effectively manage workforce diversity and collaborative research efforts should be done to ascertain the contextual variables that moderate workforce diversity to produce positive performance outcomes.

  5. Who are we and why does it matter? Impact of organizational identity on managerially relevant outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Meldo, Perttu

    2016-01-01

    Organizational identity has received generous amount of interest amongst researchers of organizational behavior and psychology during the past decade. Yet, the amount of empirical studies demonstrating the influence of identity on other organizational phenomena has been insufficient to attract much interdisciplinary and management interest. Organizational identity defined as internal, that is, employees’ view of the organization, is very subjective in its nature. Thus, comparison of identitie...

  6. Impact of human resource practices on the organizational performance in nestle pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study analyses the contribution effect of HRM (Human Resource Management) practices such as T and D (Training and Development), R and S (Recruitment and Selection), PA (Performance Appraisal System), CPD (Career Planning and Development), CMP (Compensation) and EP (Employee Participation) on the employee performance in Nestle Pakistan. It also elaborates the impact of employee performance on the OP (Organizational Performance). The results conclude the significantly positive relationship of the HRM Practices with the OP with a considerable influence on employee performance as a mediator.300 respondents are selected for the analysis from target population of all the professionals, working on 1st and 2nd level management through random sampling. We proposed that the conceptual results of the study are highly significant for the practitioners and researchers for future research. (author)

  7. The influence of organizational culture on the use of quality techniques and its impact on performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gambi, Lillian; Jørgensen, Frances; Boer, Harry;

    2013-01-01

    to enhanced performance more than if those culture profiles are combined with the use of measurement techniques. This research has important implications for managers in the sense that they need to be actively aware of the need to adopt quality techniques that fit with the culture of their organization.......This report presents the results of a study about the influence of organizational culture on quality techniques and the impact of matching culture and technique to enhance performance. Data were drawn from 250 manufacturing companies in Brazil and Denmark. Profiles were identified according....... 2- Quality techniques contribute to improve performance, provided they are supported by appropriate cultural characteristics. For instance, the use of goal setting, continuous improvement, and failure prevention and control techniques supported by group and developmental cultures contribute...

  8. Managerial Characteristics and its Impact on Organizational Performance: Evidence from Syria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elias Milana

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to explore impact of managerial human capital in performance of a Syrian public organization, Directorate of Finance of province of Damascus, through use some of managerial characteristics are age, level of education, tenure and functional track. This study applied on a sample of 12 managers and 138 employees. The study reveals that there are no significant effect of age, level of education and functional track in performance of Directorate of Finance of province of Damascus, while there is a positive, strong and significant effect of tenure manager in organizational performance, which indicates that managerial characteristics almost irrelevant with performance of Directorate of Finance of the province of Damascus, and the public sector in general. Such results appear a need for efforts are invested in the formulation and implementation of human resource procedures and policies which can bring about effective change in behaviours and roles of the public managers and employees.

  9. Impact of Human Resource Practices on the Organizational Performance in Nestle Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asma Tayyaba

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses the contribution effect of HRM (Human Resource Management practices such as T&D (Training and Development, R&S (Recruitment and Selection, PA (Performance Appraisal System, CPD (Career Planning and Development, CMP (Compensation and EP (Employee Participation on the employee performance in Nestle Pakistan. It also elaborates the impact of employee performance on the OP (Organizational Performance. The results conclude the significantly positive relationship of the HRM Practices with the OP with a considerable influence on employee performance as a mediator.300 respondents are selected for the analysis from target population of all the professionals, working on 1st and 2nd level management through random sampling. We proposed that the conceptual results of the study are highly significant for the practitioners and researchers for future research

  10. The impact of leadership styles on organizational culture in Mapsa company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariush Gholamzadeh

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the effect of leadership styles on organizational culture by testing a hypothesized model. A quantitative survey using questionnaire was conducted among 93 employees from diverse work units of Mapsa Company in October 2012. They filled out multifactor leadership questionnaire and the Denison organizational culture survey. Results of structural equation modeling (SEM showed that Transformational and Transactional leadership styles could positively influence on organizational culture. Laissez-fair leadership has a negative effect on organizational culture. In conclusion, transformational leadership style was recommended to balance all four traits of Denison’s organizational culture.

  11. Transformational Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in the Arab Educational System in Israel: The Impact of Trust and Job Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasra, Muhammed Abu; Heilbrunn, Sibylle

    2016-01-01

    The present study aims to extend and integrate previous research on the mediating effects of trust in supervisor and job satisfaction on the relationship between transformational leadership style and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Drawing on previous research, we argue that transformational leadership impacts OCB directly and…

  12. The IT Impact on the Productivity and the Organizational Performance of Firms in Romania. A model of Empirical Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina ENACHE

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper propose an analysis based on an empirical model of IT impact on firms performances of Romania. There are presented the model, the equations of the model and the results of statistical processing. All these shown that the ICT impact on firm performance is greater and positive if the information technologies are accompanied by a proactive management policy and an organizational culture.

  13. The Impact of Structural Empowerment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior-Organization and Job Performance: A Mediating Role of Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Hina Jaffery; Hassan Farooq

    2015-01-01

    The banking sector employees are usually exposed to potential job burnout which impacts their employee performance. This study examined the impact of structural empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior-organization (henceforth, OCBO) and job performance and further examined the mediating effect of job burnout in the relationships of structural empowerment, OCBO and job performance. In this study, data from 282 employees was taken from four banks: both public and private sectors. Two...

  14. Impacts of Implementation of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM) on Organizational Performance of Shipping Companies1

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Sadovaya; Vinh V. Thai

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to examine the impacts of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM) on organizational performance of shipping companies. For this purpose, a survey was administered to collect data from shipping and ship management companies worldwide. The hypotheses in this study were tested using the structural equation modelling (SEM). It was found that the proposed model has direct positive impacts on security, business resilience and customer performance, as well as indirec...

  15. Impact of organizational justice on satisfaction, commitment and turnover intention: Can fair treatment by organizations make a difference in their workers’ attitudes and behaviors?

    OpenAIRE

    Rai, Gauri S.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of organizational justice on specific attitudes and behaviors such as job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. The data were collected from 511 staff members from ten health and rehabilitation centers in a southern state in the United States. Pearson Correlations and Hierarchical Regression were used to analyze data. The findings revealed that distributive justice influenced job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover ...

  16. The Impact of Knowledge Management on Organizational Performance: An Empirical Study of Kuwait University

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Q. Ahmad Al-Qarioti

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge management (KM) is a process that transforms individual knowledge into organizational institutionalized knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on KM infrastructure at Kuwait University to see how faculty members evaluate KM influence on organizational performance. Study findings provide insights into the infrastructure and process capabilities needed to provide knowledge support for organizational activities. The study was based on a stratified random sample consists ...

  17. The impact of immersion training on complementing organizational goals and accelerating culture change - a field study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hayes, S.M.

    1996-02-01

    At Los Alamos National Laboratory, a national defense laboratory with a history of working in seclusion and secrecy, scientists and engineers have received an important new mission to partner with industry. The scientists and engineers need to expand their skill base beyond science and understand the business of innovation to be successful in this new environment. An administrative field experiment of conducting intensive, immersion training about the commercialization process was piloted at Los Alamos in September, 1992. This Field Research Project addresses the following research question: {open_quotes}Does {open_quotes}immersion{close_quotes} commercialization training complement organizational goals and does the method accelerate cultural change?{close_quotes} The field experiment first began as a pilot Commercialization Workshop conducted for twelve scientists in September, 1992. The objective was to create commercialization action plans for promising environmental technologies. The immersion method was compared to the indoctrination method of training also. The indoctrination training was a one-day lecture style session conducted for one hundred and fifty scientists in July, 1993. The impact of the training was measured by perceived attitude change and the amount of subsequent industrial partnerships that followed the training. The key management question addressed on the job was, {open_quotes}With a limited budget, how do we maximize the impact of training and achieve the best results?{close_quotes}

  18. Impacts of Implementation of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM on Organizational Performance of Shipping Companies1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Sadovaya

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine the impacts of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM on organizational performance of shipping companies. For this purpose, a survey was administered to collect data from shipping and ship management companies worldwide. The hypotheses in this study were tested using the structural equation modelling (SEM. It was found that the proposed model has direct positive impacts on security, business resilience and customer performance, as well as indirect positive relationship with security-related, and time market performance. Besides, the categorization of organizational performance of shipping companies, proposed and empirically validated in this study, can be used by the companies to measure the impacts of security management.

  19. Evidence-based practice implementation: The impact of public versus private sector organization type on organizational support, provider attitudes, and adoption of evidence-based practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sommerfeld David H

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The goal of this study is to extend research on evidence-based practice (EBP implementation by examining the impact of organizational type (public versus private and organizational support for EBP on provider attitudes toward EBP and EBP use. Both organization theory and theory of innovation uptake and individual adoption of EBP guide the approach and analyses in this study. We anticipated that private sector organizations would provide greater levels of organizational support for EBPs leading to more positive provider attitudes towards EBPs and EBP use. We also expected attitudes toward EBPs to mediate the association of organizational support and EBP use. Methods Participants were mental health service providers from 17 communities in 16 states in the United States (n = 170. Path analyses were conducted to compare three theoretical models of the impact of organization type on organizational support for EBP and of organizational support on provider attitudes toward EBP and EBP use. Results Consistent with our predictions, private agencies provided greater support for EBP implementation, and staff working for private agencies reported more positive attitudes toward adopting EBPs. Organizational support for EBP partially mediated the association of organization type on provider attitudes toward EBP. Organizational support was significantly positively associated with attitudes toward EBP and EBP use in practice. Conclusion This study offers further support for the importance of organizational context as an influence on organizational support for EBP and provider attitudes toward adopting EBP. The study demonstrates the role organizational support in provider use of EBP in practice. This study also suggests that organizational support for innovation is a malleable factor in supporting use of EBP. Greater attention should be paid to organizational influences that can facilitate the dissemination and implementation of EBPs in

  20. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy modules: Differential impact on treatment processes and outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villatte, Jennifer L; Vilardaga, Roger; Villatte, Matthieu; Plumb Vilardaga, Jennifer C; Atkins, David C; Hayes, Steven C

    2016-02-01

    A modular, transdiagnostic approach to treatment design and implementation may increase the public health impact of evidence-based psychosocial interventions. Such an approach relies on algorithms for selecting and implementing treatment components intended to have a specific therapeutic effect, yet there is little evidence for how components function independent of their treatment packages when employed in clinical service settings. This study aimed to demonstrate the specificity of treatment effects for two components of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a promising candidate for modularization. A randomized, nonconcurrent, multiple-baseline across participants design was used to examine component effects on treatment processes and outcomes in 15 adults seeking mental health treatment. The ACT OPEN module targeted acceptance and cognitive defusion; the ACT ENGAGED module targeted values-based activation and persistence. According to Tau-U analyses, both modules produced significant improvements in psychiatric symptoms, quality of life, and targeted therapeutic processes. ACT ENGAGED demonstrated greater improvements in quality of life and values-based activation. ACT OPEN showed greater improvements in symptom severity, acceptance, and defusion. Both modules improved awareness and non-reactivity, which were mutually targeted, though using distinct intervention procedures. Both interventions demonstrated high treatment acceptability, completion, and patient satisfaction. Treatment effects were maintained at 3-month follow up. ACT components should be considered for inclusion in a modular approach to implementing evidence-based psychosocial interventions for adults. PMID:26716932

  1. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy modules: Differential impact on treatment processes and outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villatte, Jennifer L; Vilardaga, Roger; Villatte, Matthieu; Plumb Vilardaga, Jennifer C; Atkins, David C; Hayes, Steven C

    2016-02-01

    A modular, transdiagnostic approach to treatment design and implementation may increase the public health impact of evidence-based psychosocial interventions. Such an approach relies on algorithms for selecting and implementing treatment components intended to have a specific therapeutic effect, yet there is little evidence for how components function independent of their treatment packages when employed in clinical service settings. This study aimed to demonstrate the specificity of treatment effects for two components of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a promising candidate for modularization. A randomized, nonconcurrent, multiple-baseline across participants design was used to examine component effects on treatment processes and outcomes in 15 adults seeking mental health treatment. The ACT OPEN module targeted acceptance and cognitive defusion; the ACT ENGAGED module targeted values-based activation and persistence. According to Tau-U analyses, both modules produced significant improvements in psychiatric symptoms, quality of life, and targeted therapeutic processes. ACT ENGAGED demonstrated greater improvements in quality of life and values-based activation. ACT OPEN showed greater improvements in symptom severity, acceptance, and defusion. Both modules improved awareness and non-reactivity, which were mutually targeted, though using distinct intervention procedures. Both interventions demonstrated high treatment acceptability, completion, and patient satisfaction. Treatment effects were maintained at 3-month follow up. ACT components should be considered for inclusion in a modular approach to implementing evidence-based psychosocial interventions for adults.

  2. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Climate and Trust in High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiPaola, Michael; Guy, Stephanie

    2009-01-01

    In the private sector, organizational justice has consistently demonstrated a strong correlation with trust in management, employee commitment, and performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether organizational justice has a similar relationship with social processes in the educational arena. This study examined the relationship…

  3. Managing uncertainty in crisis : exploring the impact of institutionalization on organizational sensemaking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lu, X.

    2014-01-01

    This book studies the variety of organizational strategy selection when coping with critical uncertainties during a crisis. In dealing with uncertainties, some organizations rely on organizational routines developed over time, while some others analyze uncertainty in an ad hoc way to provide a worka

  4. Putting employees in their place : The impact of hot-desking on organizational and team identification.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Millward, L.J; Haslam, S.A.; Postmes, T.

    2007-01-01

    A study of employees in the finance industry tested the propositions (a) that work team identity is more salient than organizational identity when desks are assigned, whereas organizational identity is more salient when they are not; and (b) that this is partly because physical arrangements have a s

  5. Multiple organizational identification levels and the impact of perceived external prestige and communication climate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bartels, Jos; Pruyn, Ad; Jong, de Menno; Joustra, Inge

    2007-01-01

    sEarlier studies have shown that perceived external prestige and communication climate influence organizational identification. In this paper we present the results of a study of the influence of communication climate and perceived external prestige on organizational identification at various organi

  6. Impact of Business Intelligence and IT Infrastructure Flexibility on Competitive Advantage: An Organizational Agility Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiaofeng

    2012-01-01

    There is growing use of business intelligence (BI) for better management decisions in industry. However, empirical studies on BI are still scarce in academic research. This research investigates BI from an organizational agility perspective. Organizational agility is the ability to sense and respond to market opportunities and threats with speed,…

  7. The Impact of Knowledge Management on Organizational Performance: An Empirical Study of Kuwait University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Q. Ahmad Al-Qarioti

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management (KM is a process that transforms individual knowledge into organizational institutionalized knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on KM infrastructure at Kuwait University to see how faculty members evaluate KM influence on organizational performance. Study findings provide insights into the infrastructure and process capabilities needed to provide knowledge support for organizational activities. The study was based on a stratified random sample consists of (355 faculty members from various colleges at Kuwait university. Study results show that faculty members evaluate knowledge management as “very good” with a (3.52 mean score at Likert five point scale, which indicates that Knowledge management components are highly related to organizational performance. Implications, imitations of the study, and recommendations regarding appropriate investments in knowledge management to enhance organizational performance are discussed.

  8. THE IMPACT OF MEDICAL TOURISM ON THE QUALITY OF ORGANIZATIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL CHANGES IN THE POLISH HEALTHCARE SYSTEM

    OpenAIRE

    Marcin Olkiewicz

    2016-01-01

    The role of Medical Tourism in the process of a complex satisfaction of the prosumers and the impact played in the organizational and functional changes in the Polish healthcare system. The analysis of the literature on the subject as well as an analysis of the documentation were the inspiration to write this work. The main emphasis was put on stating the conditions stimulating the development of this sector of the economy as well as the risk factors determining the quality of pro...

  9. The Impact of Leadership Styles on Selection the Areas of Organizational Change (An Empirical Study on the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Companies)

    OpenAIRE

    Diab, Salah M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to test The Impact of Leadership Styles on the Organizational Change Areas (An Empirical Study on the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Companies). Data for this research were collected through a questionnaire from, (240) leaders in all levels of management, from (5) pharmaceutical companies in Jordan, which are; (JPHM), (DADI), (HIKMA), (ACPH), and the (PIC). Grynbach constancy coefficients reached 84.0%, Percentages, Means, standard deviation, and, simple and multiple re...

  10. Framework for the Analysis of Nanotechnologies’ Impacts and Ethical Acceptability: Basis of an Interdisciplinary Approach to Assessing Novel Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Patenaude, Johane; Legault, Georges-Auguste; Beauvais, Jacques; Bernier, Louise; Béland, Jean-Pierre; Boissy, Patrick; Chenel, Vanessa; Daniel, Charles-Étienne; Genest, Jonathan; Poirier, Marie-Sol; Tapin, Danielle

    2014-01-01

    The genetically manipulated organism (GMO) crisis demonstrated that technological development based solely on the law of the marketplace and State protection against serious risks to health and safety is no longer a warrant of ethical acceptability. In the first part of our paper, we critique the implicitly individualist social-acceptance model for State regulation of technology and recommend an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive analysis of the impacts and ethical acceptability of ...

  11. 组织免疫行为对组织绩效影响机制的实证研究%An Empirical Study on the Impact of Organizational Immunological Behavior on Organizational Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕萍

    2011-01-01

    借鉴生物免疫学新视角,探讨了组织免疫行为的理论维度及其对组织绩效的影响,构建了"组织免疫行为—组织免疫绩效—组织绩效"作用机制模型,并基于233家企业的问卷调查数据,采用路径分析方法进行了验证。研究结果显示,除组织文化要素外,组织非特异性免疫和特异性免疫均对组织绩效具有正向影响。组织免疫绩效对组织绩效具有正向影响,它在组织结构、制度规则和组织记忆对组织绩效的影响中起到完全中介作用,在组织防御对组织绩效的影响中起到部分中介作用。%With a new perspective borrowed from biological immunology,this study explores the theoretical dimensions of the concept of organizational immunological behavior and its impact on organizational performance.A mechanism model of ″organizational immunological behavior-organizational immunological performance-organizational performance″ is developed and examined based on 233 firm questionnaires by path analysis.The empirical results indicate that both non-specific immunology and specific immunology are positively related to organizational performance except for organizational culture.Organizational Immunological Performance is positively related to organizational performance,and it also plays a full mediating role on the relationships between organizational structure,rules,memory and organizational performance,while a partial mediating role on the relationship between organizational defense and organizational performance.

  12. The Impact of Organizational Learning Capability on Product Innovation Performance: Evidence from the Turkish Manufacturing Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem Yaşar Uğurlu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the effect of organizational learning capability on product innovation performance in the manufacturing sector using empirical data. A survey was conducted with 120 firms that were on the list of Top 1000 Firms of Turkey and registered with the Istanbul Chamber of Industry, to examine the relationship between the dimensions of organizational learning capability and the dimensions of product innovation performance. The findings of the study indicate a positive relationship between organizational learning capability and product innovation performance.

  13. THE IMPACT OF MARKETING PERFORMANCES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCES IN THE CONTEXT OF ROMANIAN SUPPLY CHAINS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gyula Laszlo FLORIAN

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to achieve the desired performances and the increased value added to the final consumer, organizations need not only to integrate their core businesses and align them to business strategy but also to embrace the marketing philosophy. After presenting the main issues in operationalizing the marketing performances, we propose an empirical research using a working dataset of 64 firms from various industries to analyze the relationship between marketing and organizational performances. The research methodology employed is based on structural equations modeling. Results document that marketing orientation influences organizational performances in the framework of the supply chain management strategic approach to organizational performances.

  14. Empirical Study of Impact of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour Dimensions on Job Satisfaction among Administrative Staff of Osun State owned Tertiary Institutions, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    K.O. Itiola; Itunu I. Odebiyi; Ezekiel Alabi

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of organizational citizenship behavior dimensions on job satisfaction among academic staff in Osun State owned tertiary institutions. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 80 respondents through simple random sampling method. Multiple regression was used to analyze the data collected in order to determine the impact of independent variables OCB dimensions on dependent variables (JS). Result revealed that Organizational Citizenship Behaviors ...

  15. Improving classroom practices: the impact of leadership, school organizational conditions, and teacher factors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.E.J. Thoonen

    2012-01-01

    Schools are challenged to improve classroom practices as they are expected to enhance students’ motivation. While leadership, school organizational conditions and teacher factors are considered essential for improving classroom practices, more should be known about the interplay between school inter

  16. Impact of experience on government policy toward acceptance of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in Korea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As the 'low carbon, green growth' agenda, which emphasized sustainable development through equilibrium between economic growth and environmental preservation, is propagated rapidly in Korea. Despite this progress, it is not uncommon for new products made through advanced technologies, such as hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, to face public skepticism preventing market penetration. Therefore, the factors impacting customer acceptance of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles have to be estimated. Furthermore, it is necessary to examine whether or not the policies related to these products can prevent public skepticism regarding them. This empirical study examining the relationship between personal experiences related to the policy and acceptance of the innovative products of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles shows that government involvement in technology targeting and promotions administered by the 'low carbon, green growth' agenda rarely stimulate potential customers' purchase intentions. Thus, technology targeting administered by the 'low carbon, green growth' agenda needs to be reconciled with customer responses to the future market. - Highlights: → Experience of the 'low carbon, green growth' policy affects perception of it. → Positive perception on the policy seldom arouses positive perception on HFCV performance. → Technology targeting by the policy rarely stimulates purchase intention of HFCV. → Desire to be regarded as a person with environment concern impacts purchase intentions.→ Technology targeting by the policy needs to be reconciled with customer responses to it.

  17. CROSS SECTIONAL EXAMINATION OF TEAM PERFORMANCE AND IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE ON TEAM BUILDING

    OpenAIRE

    Yasin Munir; Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ehsan Malik; Faiqa Ejaz; Aqsa Alam; Aqsa Abbas

    2012-01-01

    In organizations proper process is made that helps the employees to bring an effective change for best team performance. Team building and change management are important factors in organizational environment. Both of these factors focus to have an outcome that affects self development, positive communication, leadership skills, and ability to work together as a team for solving problems. The main objective of our research is to know that how team building and organizational change can make b...

  18. The impact of leadership styles on organizational culture in Mapsa company

    OpenAIRE

    Dariush Gholamzadeh; Azadeh Tahvildar Khazaneh; Manijeh Salimi Nabi

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of leadership styles on organizational culture by testing a hypothesized model. A quantitative survey using questionnaire was conducted among 93 employees from diverse work units of Mapsa Company in October 2012. They filled out multifactor leadership questionnaire and the Denison organizational culture survey. Results of structural equation modeling (SEM) showed that Transformational and Transactional leadership styles could positively influence on organization...

  19. The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility Perception on The Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment

    OpenAIRE

    TUZCU, Mehmet Arcan

    2014-01-01

    Corporate social responsibility activities influence the stakeholders in the first place, hence the employees, one of the vital stakeholders of the organizations. Social responsibility activities can have a direct effect on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of employees. This paper investigates the employees’ perception on corporate social responsibility, and examines the effect of this perception on organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Hence, the individual factor...

  20. Managing uncertainty in crisis : exploring the impact of institutionalization on organizational sensemaking

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, X.

    2014-01-01

    This book studies the variety of organizational strategy selection when coping with critical uncertainties during a crisis. In dealing with uncertainties, some organizations rely on organizational routines developed over time, while some others analyze uncertainty in an ad hoc way to provide a workable interpretation of that uncertainty. However, we do not know why some organizations select a rule-based strategy to cope with uncertainties whereas others follow a more ad hoc-based strategy. Th...

  1. Organizational Change and Vested Interest

    OpenAIRE

    Hendrikse, G.W.J.

    1996-01-01

    The nature of organizational change and the value of headquarters is derived from a model with costs of delay, vested interests and costs of organizational change.The value of headquarters is derived from imposed organizational change. It is viewed as an institution which is able to prevent surplus reducing endogenous commitment.Imposed organizational change is predicted in circumstances where the desired change is not urgent, the loss of accepting lower offers than in the past is above a cer...

  2. Determining the Demographic impacts on the Organizational Commitment of Academicians in the HEIs of DCs like Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakht Yar Naseem

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the contemporary age where the globalization is taking place in every sphere of life, theacademic institutions occupy their place at the helm. The dynamism in the academicinstitutions in general and the universities in specific is directly proportional to thecompetence of their employees. The success of the universities depends upon solidfunctioning, faithfulness and the involved academicians regarding high level of teachingand research. Provision of workforce to the different sectors countrywide is possible onlythrough the universities with high level of educational standards and OrganizationalCommitment on the part of the staff members especially the academicians. Unlike thedeveloped countries, this role becomes more emphasizing in the developing countries likePakistan. The sole objective of this ‘Review Article’ is to investigate the impact ofdemographics (gender, qualification, designation, age, and marital status onOrganizational Commitment (Emotional, Cost-benefited and Obligatory of employees,working in the public sector universities. Up to some extent, it is a complicated task tocome across and deal with the people who are physically, linguistically, culturally,educationally and ethnically diverse. In the light of current research we construct a‘Theoretical Framework’ on the topic which will subsequently be used as a ‘ResearchModel’ for the upcoming ‘experimental-study’, using the study of workforce from theuniversities of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is acknowledged from the present studythat the demographics have the significant impact on the organizational commitment

  3. Sociological Assessment of Job Alienation and its Impacts on Organizational Culture in Educational Organizations (the Case of Educational Staff in Mashhad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fereydon Vahida

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Sociologists believe the existence of corporations is necessary for society so that different roles can be assigned to people, facilitating social interactions and transactions. These roles help people control their social action and leads to relational cooperation. On the other hand, studies on culture are very significant in sociology, in which culture can be seen as a social pattern in society, involving values and believes, which produce a commonsense that leads to stability in social system. Numerous definitions are provided for culture, but one agreed definition comes from Habermas approach, in which culture is seen as a combination of beliefs and values under the name of common knowledge. Organizational culture (OC includes the combination of patterns that direct staff behavior in organization and motivate their action for goal achievement. One of the important issues in organizational studies is OC, because it is identified as a key factor in organizational success. As a collection of assumptions that determines organizational values and norms, OC also helps in defining organizational goals. Different cultural, social and historical factors can impact OC, and OC itself can impact staff performance, creativity, job satisfaction and commitment. So recognizing the factors that impact OC is important because it has a great deal of influence on organizational outputs. Job alienation is one of the important factors that can impact OC. It leads to conflict between actions and value. In this research, OC is based on Denison model which divides it into 4 component: involvement, adaptation, mission, and integration. Using this model, the present study aims at explaining the impact of job alienation on organizational culture among educational staffs of Mashhad Country in 2013.     Methods & Material s   This is a survey study with descriptive and explanatory elements. Research instrument includes Denison's (2008 questionnaire of organizational

  4. Impact of organizational justice on satisfaction, commitment and turnover intention: Can fair treatment by organizations make a difference in their workers’ attitudes and behaviors?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gauri S. Rai

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the impact of organizational justice on specific attitudes and behaviors such as job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. The data were collected from 511 staff members from ten health and rehabilitation centers in a southern state in the United States. Pearson Correlations and Hierarchical Regression were used to analyze data. The findings revealed that distributive justice influenced job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intentions. Procedural justice is only associated with organizational commitment. Informational justice affected only job satisfaction. Interpersonal justice was not related to any attitude or behavior included in this study. These findings suggest that if organizations want to improve job satisfaction and organizational commitment while reducing turnover intention, they need to pay more attention to developing programs and policies as well as leadership styles that encourage fairness.

  5. The impact of shift work and organizational work climate on health outcomes in nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Treuer, Kathryn; Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew; Little, Glenn

    2014-10-01

    Shift workers have a higher rate of negative health outcomes than day shift workers. Few studies however, have examined the role of difference in workplace environment between shifts itself on such health measures. This study investigated variation in organizational climate across different types of shift work and health outcomes in nurses. Participants (n = 142) were nursing staff from a metropolitan Melbourne hospital. Demographic items elicited the type of shift worked, while the Work Environment Scale and the General Health Questionnaire measured organizational climate and health respectively. Analysis supported the hypotheses that different organizational climates occurred across different shifts, and that different organizational climate factors predicted poor health outcomes. Shift work alone was not found to predict health outcomes. Specifically, permanent night shift workers had significantly lower coworker cohesion scores compared with rotating day and evening shift workers and significantly higher managerial control scores compared with day shift workers. Further, coworker cohesion and involvement were found to be significant predictors of somatic problems. These findings suggest that differences in organizational climate between shifts accounts for the variation in health outcomes associated with shift work. Therefore, increased workplace cohesion and involvement, and decreased work pressure, may mitigate the negative health outcomes of shift workers.

  6. Exploring visitor acceptability for hardening trails to sustain visitation and minimize impacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahill, K.L.; Marion, J.L.; Lawson, S.R.

    2008-01-01

    Protected natural area managers are challenged to provide high quality recreation opportunities and ensure the protection of resources from impacts associated with visitation. Development of visitor use facilities and application of site hardening practices are commonly applied tools for achieving these competing management objectives. This study applies stated choice analysis to examine visitor opinions on acceptability when they are asked to make tradeoffs among competing social, resource and management attributes in backcountry and frontcountry settings of Acadia National Park. This study demonstrates that asking visitors about recreation setting attributes uni-dimensionally, a common approach, can yield less informative responses. Analyses that considered direct tradeoffs revealed more divergent opinions on acceptability for setting attributes than a unidimensional approach. Findings revealed that visitors to an accessible and popular attraction feature supported trail development options to protect resource conditions with unrestricted visitor access. In contrast, visitors to a remote undeveloped island expressed stronger support for no or limited trail development and access restrictions to protect resource conditions.

  7. The Impact of Risks in Supply Chain on Organizational Performances: Evidence from Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gyula Laszlo FLORIAN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The proposed empirical research uses a national sample of 64 Romanian companies from various industries to document the relationship between organizational performances and risks in the context of Romanian supply chains. Empirical findings show that a supply chain risk management strategy successfully mitigates the negative consequences of risks. Our research underlines the changes necessary to maximize the benefits of supply chain integration. To extend the knowledge in this area our research is interdisciplinary, using a structural approach to model the determinants of organizational performances in supply chains and to measure the complex relationships among risks in supply chains and different facets of organizational performances in the context of Romanian supply chains.

  8. Resonant leadership, workplace empowerment, and "spirit at work": impact on RN job satisfaction and organizational commitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Joan I J; Warren, Sharon; Cummings, Greta; Smith, Donna L; Olson, Joanne K

    2013-12-01

    Canadian researchers have developed the Spirit At Work (SAW) tool for identifying the experiences of individuals who are passionate about and energized by their work. This article describes (a) what registered nurses perceive as contributing to their personal SAW; and (b) the relationships among resonant leadership, structural empowerment concepts, psychological empowerment concepts, SAW concepts, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and the demographic variables of experience, education, and rank in the RN workplace. The theoretical model was tested using LISREL 8.80 and survey data from 147 randomly selected RNs. Engaging work was found to account for 63% of the explained variance in the model's endogenous variables. Spiritual connection had a causal effect on organizational commitment, while resonant leadership and individual empowerment had significant causal influence on SAW, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. These results strengthen those of previous studies reporting workplace structures/processes/contributions leading to superior care environments. Future studies will clarify the role of SAW in the workplace.

  9. The Impact of changed organizational structures- on middle managers' perception of strategy and people management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mona Toft; Madsen, Henning

    people. An important condition for this is, however, that middle managers also perceive such responsibilities as important. This paper is based on a survey of Managers in Danish organizations. Findings with different but related angels are highlighted here. First, only a small percentage of participating...... changes in their perception of people management. Implications for research and practice are addressed in the discussion.......Much research on organizational change and middle management has emphasized the idea of flatter more performance- and customer focused organizations, in which middle managers’ main responsibilities concern elements of organizational change and development such as strategy involvement, and managing...

  10. Impact of Organizational Culture Type on Job Satisfaction Level of Employees’ in Different Organizations of Lahore, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shamaila Gull

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The research was conducted to analyze the impact of organizational culture type on job satisfaction level of employees’ particularly in organizations of Lahore, Pakistan. This research determined the relationship between organizational culture and job satisfaction, and the relative variance between the types of culture and job satisfaction level. Culture types studied were based on Cameron and Freeman (1990 framework of organizational culture types. A sample of 220 employees was studied and SPSS 19 was used for the analysis of data. One Way ANOVA, Pearson correlation and Regression Analysis were performed to measure the hypothesis. The research examined the relationship with respect to four culture types, i.e. Clan, Adhocracy, Hierarchy and Market. Clan and Adhocracy found in a positive relationship with job satisfaction i.e. those who work under these cultures are more satisfied with their jobs, Hierarchy and Market were found to be in a negative relationship with job satisfaction i.e. those who work under these cultures are not satisfied with their jobs.

  11. Organizational Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Peregrino de Brito

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a theoretical and empirical analysis of the relationship between human resource management (HRM and organizational performance. Theoretically, we discuss the importance of HRM for the development of resources and its impact on business performance. Empirically, we evaluated articles published on Brazilian academic journals that addressed such relationships. The results showed a lack of studies conducted at this intersection. From the universe of 2,469 articles, only 16 (0.6% sought to relate HRM and organizational performance. We observed a dominance of isolated HR practices, which does not consider HRM as a system, and of operational performance measures, relative to financial and efficiency variables. Most studies show a positive relationship between HRM practices and performance, in line with the literature. However, we point out some methodological issues, such as the difficulty of isolating the HR practices from its context, the failure to consider the temporality of this relationship, and the comparison between companies from different industries.

  12. Gender and Leadership. The Impact of Organizational Culture of Public Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felicia Cornelia MACARIE

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This study approaches the public organizations and their organizational culture by taking into account the gender factor. More specifically, it will approach women’s presence in the leadership of public organizations, the influence of the public organizational culture in the promotion of women in middle and top management positions, and it will finally identify the defining characteristics of the organizational culture of the institutions led by women in comparison to those led by men. Our study is based on a research conducted in Bistriţa-Năsăud County, Romania, by applying a survey in 12 public organizations. The survey comprises 16 questions, seven of which are open questions; 25 women with different positions in the medium and the top management of public institutions were surveyed. The conclusions of the research confirm the existence of some clear differences in the organizational culture of womenled and respectively, men-led public institutions. At the same time, the study identifies possible causes for the low presence of women in the public top management in contrast to their high presence in the execution positions.

  13. An Investigation of the Impact of International Branch Campuses on Organizational Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tierney, William G.; Lanford, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The authors first survey the factors related to globalization that have stimulated the creation of international branch campuses. They then contend that the viability of an international branch campus should not be solely evaluated from a rational choice perspective oriented toward economic self-interest. Rather, the organizational culture of the…

  14. The Impact of Affective and Cognitive Trust on Knowledge Sharing and Organizational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swift, Peter E.; Hwang, Alvin

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to add to the research on the role of cognitive and affective trust in promoting knowledge sharing between executives and consequently establishing an organizational learning environment. Design/methodology/approach: This paper examines the influence of one conceptualization of trust, one that has two…

  15. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Smidts (Ale); C.B.M. van Riel (Cees); A.Th.H. Pruyn

    2000-01-01

    textabstractEmployees' Organizational Identification (OI) is measured in a customer service organization. Particularly the effects of employee communication and perceived external prestige (PEP) on OI were evaluated. Results show that employee communication affects OI more strongly than PEP. One asp

  16. The Impact of Catholic School Identity and Organizational Leadership on the Vitality of Catholic Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobbie, Marian; Convey, John J.; Schuttloffel, Merylann J.

    2010-01-01

    In order to fulfill their role of teaching children to receive Jesus and live out his call to create the Kingdom of God on earth and in heaven, Catholic schools need to possess and foster the distinctive characteristics of Catholic school identity. This study examined the relationship between Catholic school identity and organizational leadership…

  17. The Impact of Organizational Structure and Lending Technology on Banking Competition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Degryse, H.A.; Laeven, L.; Ongena, S.

    2007-01-01

    Recent theoretical models argue that a bank’s organizational structure reflects its lending technology. A hierarchically organized bank will employ mainly hard information, whereas a decentralized bank will rely more on soft information. We investigate theoretically and empirically how bank organiza

  18. Conference on landscape impacts of wind energy and local acceptance: France-Germany crossed views

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on the landscape impacts of wind energy. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, more than 100 participants exchanged views on the environmental impact of wind farms and the opinion of residents. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - French people and wind energy (Mila Galiano); 2 - Wind energy acceptance in Germany: an essential factor for the wind industry development (Joerg Mayer); 3 - Taking into account landscapes and residents in the development of wind farms: a France-Germany comparison (Pia Laborgne, Alain Nadai); 3 - Wind energy development supervision thanks to territorial planning in Germany (Guenter Ratzbor); 4 - Landscape challenges in wind energy development: point of view and role of a state decentralised department (Marie-Odile Ratouis); 5 - Park or landscape - Wind turbines as elements of the cultural landscape (Soeren Schoebel-Rutschmann); 6 - How should a developer approach the 'landscape' aspect when foreseeing a wind energy project installation (Jean-Francois Petit); 7 - More consensual wind energy projects along highways, railways and overhead power lines? (Dieter Guennewig); 8 - The 'wings top': un example of participatory and citizen's project (David Portales)

  19. Impact of Leader’s Change-Promoting Behavior on Readiness for Change: A Mediating Role of Organizational Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Shahnawaz Adil

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of the leader’s change-promoting behavior on employee’s readiness for change and whether the organizational culture mediates this relationship. A sample of 205 responses is drawn from employees having junior or senior level of managerial responsibilities in Karachi. The method of both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses is employed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the measurement model. The structural equation modeling method was then applied to examine the theoretical framework with the help of seven frequently reported goodness-of-fit indices. The results indicate that leader’s change-promoting behavior has a significant positive impact on change readiness and the organizational culture partially mediates the positive relationship between the leader’s change-promoting behavior and change readiness. The present study supports the theory of one of the six conceptual formations of change readiness that it is reflected as employee’s capacity to change. Therefore, managers should clearly advocate the desired change with the help of their own change-prompting behavior as well as establishing a trusting culture in their organization. Future studies may ascertain the impact of employees’ readiness for change in their commitment to change in the context of Pakistan which could further lead to passive or active change-related behaviors.

  20. Framework for the analysis of nanotechnologies' impacts and ethical acceptability: basis of an interdisciplinary approach to assessing novel technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patenaude, Johane; Legault, Georges-Auguste; Beauvais, Jacques; Bernier, Louise; Béland, Jean-Pierre; Boissy, Patrick; Chenel, Vanessa; Daniel, Charles-Étienne; Genest, Jonathan; Poirier, Marie-Sol; Tapin, Danielle

    2015-04-01

    The genetically manipulated organism (GMO) crisis demonstrated that technological development based solely on the law of the marketplace and State protection against serious risks to health and safety is no longer a warrant of ethical acceptability. In the first part of our paper, we critique the implicitly individualist social-acceptance model for State regulation of technology and recommend an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive analysis of the impacts and ethical acceptability of technologies. In the second part, we present a framework for the analysis of impacts and acceptability, devised-with the goal of supporting the development of specific nanotechnological applications-by a team of researchers from various disciplines. At the conceptual level, this analytic framework is intended to make explicit those various operations required in preparing a judgement about the acceptability of technologies that have been implicit in the classical analysis of toxicological risk. On a practical level, we present a reflective tool that makes it possible to take into account all the dimensions involved and understand the reasons invoked in determining impacts, assessing them, and arriving at a judgement about acceptability. PMID:24728612

  1. Framework for the analysis of nanotechnologies' impacts and ethical acceptability: basis of an interdisciplinary approach to assessing novel technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patenaude, Johane; Legault, Georges-Auguste; Beauvais, Jacques; Bernier, Louise; Béland, Jean-Pierre; Boissy, Patrick; Chenel, Vanessa; Daniel, Charles-Étienne; Genest, Jonathan; Poirier, Marie-Sol; Tapin, Danielle

    2015-04-01

    The genetically manipulated organism (GMO) crisis demonstrated that technological development based solely on the law of the marketplace and State protection against serious risks to health and safety is no longer a warrant of ethical acceptability. In the first part of our paper, we critique the implicitly individualist social-acceptance model for State regulation of technology and recommend an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive analysis of the impacts and ethical acceptability of technologies. In the second part, we present a framework for the analysis of impacts and acceptability, devised-with the goal of supporting the development of specific nanotechnological applications-by a team of researchers from various disciplines. At the conceptual level, this analytic framework is intended to make explicit those various operations required in preparing a judgement about the acceptability of technologies that have been implicit in the classical analysis of toxicological risk. On a practical level, we present a reflective tool that makes it possible to take into account all the dimensions involved and understand the reasons invoked in determining impacts, assessing them, and arriving at a judgement about acceptability.

  2. Organizational governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    This chapter reviews and discusses rational-choice approaches to organizational governance. These approaches are found primarily in organizational economics (virtually no rational-choice organizational sociology exists), particularly in transaction cost economics, principal-agent theory...

  3. The impact of electronic commerce on organizational structure: a case study of e- commerce decentralization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ADALTON MASALU OZAKI

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the problem of centralizing vs. decentralizing an organizational structure for e-commerce. First, a conceptual framework is designed based on the literature. Then a case study of the Brazilian subsidiary of a major chemical multinational is explained and analyzed. A decision-making method is applied to (a identify the alternatives for organizational structures and evaluation criteria, and (b determine which criteria enable one to identify an alternative as better than the others. In the context of the case, a centralized e-commerce structure was recommended. This paper makes two main contributions to theory. First, it shows t he usefulness of the literature on R&D and innovation management as theoretical support for studies in other fields, in this case e- commerce organization. Second, it provides a methodology, which can be adapted for use by companies facing the same decision problem. Thoughts on possible future studies close the article.

  4. Organizational Culture and the Organizational Commitment; Correlational Study in Hospital Staffs

    OpenAIRE

    Hojjat Rahmani; Samad Azari; Ghasem rajabi Vasokolaee; Masood Taheri Mirghaed; Mehdi Raadabadi

    2015-01-01

    Organizations need the committed manpower to provide effectiveness and progress which is an important factorin order to achieve organizational goals. According to this, organizational culture increases employeescommitment in the organization by their accepted norms and values. Actually, the organization environment &its prevailing culture, affects on the organizational commitment of staff. This study was conducted to assessrelationship between the organizational culture and the organizati...

  5. The impact of organizational culture on Concurrent Engineering, Design-for-Safety, and product safety performance.

    OpenAIRE

    A. Zhu; von Zedtwitz, M.; Assimakopoulos, D.; Fernandes, K

    2016-01-01

    This paper empirically extends the research on the relationships between organizational culture, new product development (NPD) practices, and product safety performance (PSP). Using Schein's conceptualization of culture (i.e., underlying assumptions, espoused values, and artifacts), we build and test a model among five variables: top management commitment to safety (MCS), group level product safety culture (PSC) at NPD, Concurrent Engineering (CE), Design-for-Safety (DFS), and product safety ...

  6. Application Performance Management Impact On Organizational Performance Local Company Studies In West Java - Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Teni Listiani; Dwi Kartini

    2015-01-01

    Abstract This study aimed to analyze the effect on the performance of the companys performance management area. Management performance is measured through three dimensions performance planning performance assessment and feeding it behind. While organizational performance is measured through four dimensions financial perspective customer perspective internal business processes and learning and growth perspective. The unit of analysis in this research area comprising 30 companies from 23 taps 6...

  7. THE IMPACT OF MARKETING PERFORMANCES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCES IN THE CONTEXT OF ROMANIAN SUPPLY CHAINS

    OpenAIRE

    Gyula Laszlo FLORIAN; Csaba PAJZOS

    2015-01-01

    In order to achieve the desired performances and the increased value added to the final consumer, organizations need not only to integrate their core businesses and align them to business strategy but also to embrace the marketing philosophy. After presenting the main issues in operationalizing the marketing performances, we propose an empirical research using a working dataset of 64 firms from various industries to analyze the relationship between marketing and organizational performances. T...

  8. Subordinate's trust in the supervisor and its impact on organizational effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    This study tested a model of trust-in-supervisor that included propensity to trust and supervisor attributes (i.e., ability, benevolence, and integrity) as antecedents, and affective organizational commitment and helping intention as criterion outcomes. A field survey using a structured questionnaire was used to gather data from 255 white-collar employees from diverse occupations and organizations. Path analysis results showed that supervisor ability, benevolence, and integrity as well as emp...

  9. Role of Quality Management Practices in Employee Engagement and its impact on Organizational Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Sathishkumar, A S; Karthikeyan, Dr .P.

    2014-01-01

    Employee engagement has emerged as a critical driver of business success in todays competitive marketplace. Further, employee engagement can be a deciding factor in organizational success. Not only does engagement have the potential to significantly affect employee retention, productivity and loyalty, it is also a key link to Quality management practices in functional process quality, which results in performance, customer satisfaction, company reputation and overall stakeholder value. Thus, ...

  10. The impact of organizational cynicsm on job performance: a survey research at vocational colleges

    OpenAIRE

    Çakıcı, Ayşehan; Doğan, Seçkin

    2014-01-01

    Organisational cynicism is a negative attitude towards one's employing organization. Research has been conducted to identify the organizational cynicism’s effect on work performance. The data was collected through a questionnaire which was implemented face to face with the academic and administrative staff at a Public University’s Vocational Colleges. 116 academic staff and 68 administrative personnel participated in the survey. The organisational cynicism displayed by the academicians and th...

  11. The Impact of Structural Empowerment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior-Organization and Job Performance: A Mediating Role of Burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hina Jaffery

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The banking sector employees are usually exposed to potential job burnout which impacts their employee performance. This study examined the impact of structural empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior-organization (henceforth, OCBO and job performance and further examined the mediating effect of job burnout in the relationships of structural empowerment, OCBO and job performance. In this study, data from 282 employees was taken from four banks: both public and private sectors. Two stage sampling technique was carried out to collect data. In the first stage probability cluster sampling and in the second stage convenience sampling was used. Different data analysis techniques like correlation, regression analysis, were used to test the four hypotheses of the study. Findings show that there are strong positive relationships of structural empowerment with OCBO and job performance. It has also proved that job burnout strongly mediates the relationship of structural empowerment and organizational citizenship-behavior (OCBO and weakly mediates the relationship between structural empowerment and job performance. The findings would help the HR executives of the organizations to formulate future development to combat the burnout and ensure effective overall performance of employees through structurally empowering them.

  12. An empirical study to measure the impact of e-business on organizational performance with an emphasis on integrated production information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Meftahi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available During the past few decades, there have been different studies on e-business but there are limited numbers of works accomplished on measuring the impact of e-business on supply chain. Although e-business may not directly influence on organizational performance, it can have significant indirect impact on unifying customers and suppliers, which yields to a better performance of organizations. In this study, we perform an empirical study to measure the indirect impact of e-business on organizational performance. The proposed study of this paper designs a questionnaire and distributes it among 40 professional experts in various industries in province of Ilam, Iran. The survey examines four hypothesis for a possible correlation between e-business and integrated suppliers, e-business and customers, integrated customers and suppliers with organizational performance. The results of this survey confirm a positive relationship between all these components either directly or indirectly.

  13. Organizational commitment of military physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Cesim; Sahin, Bayram; Teke, Kadir; Ucar, Muharrem; Kursun, Olcay

    2009-09-01

    An individual's loyalty or bond to his or her employing organization, referred to as organizational commitment, influences various organizational outcomes such as employee motivation, job satisfaction, performance, accomplishment of organizational goals, employee turnover, and absenteeism. Therefore, as in other sectors, employee commitment is crucial also in the healthcare market. This study investigates the effects of organizational factors and personal characteristics on organizational commitment of military physicians using structural equation modeling (SEM) on a self-report, cross-sectional survey that consisted of 635 physicians working in the 2 biggest military hospitals in Turkey. The results of this study indicate that professional commitment and organizational incentives contribute positively to organizational commitment, whereas conflict with organizational goals makes a significantly negative contribution to it. These results might help develop strategies to increase employee commitment, especially in healthcare organizations, because job-related factors have been found to possess greater impact on organizational commitment than personal characteristics.

  14. Organizational commitment of military physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Cesim; Sahin, Bayram; Teke, Kadir; Ucar, Muharrem; Kursun, Olcay

    2009-09-01

    An individual's loyalty or bond to his or her employing organization, referred to as organizational commitment, influences various organizational outcomes such as employee motivation, job satisfaction, performance, accomplishment of organizational goals, employee turnover, and absenteeism. Therefore, as in other sectors, employee commitment is crucial also in the healthcare market. This study investigates the effects of organizational factors and personal characteristics on organizational commitment of military physicians using structural equation modeling (SEM) on a self-report, cross-sectional survey that consisted of 635 physicians working in the 2 biggest military hospitals in Turkey. The results of this study indicate that professional commitment and organizational incentives contribute positively to organizational commitment, whereas conflict with organizational goals makes a significantly negative contribution to it. These results might help develop strategies to increase employee commitment, especially in healthcare organizations, because job-related factors have been found to possess greater impact on organizational commitment than personal characteristics. PMID:19780367

  15. Organizational Learning and Crisis Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jia

    2007-01-01

    The impact of crises on organizations has been stronger than ever. This article explores the role of organizational learning in crisis management, an area that has received little attention from HRD community. Recognizing the dynamics and interconnectedness of crisis management, organizational learning, and organizational change, the article…

  16. 组织学习影响组织创造力的知识获取路径研究%Research on the Knowledge Acquisition Path of the Impacts of Organizational Learning on Organizational Creativity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新梅; 白杨

    2013-01-01

    To demonstrate the relationship between organizational learning style and organizational creativity, based on the knowledge-based theory, this study attempts to explore the inner mechanism between organizational learning style and organizational creativity from the perspective of external knowledge acquisition. The research constructs the external knowledge acquisition path of how organizational learning impacts organizational creativity according to the significant difference in information content between market knowledge and technological knowledge. The survey collected 275 valid enterprise samples, employing structural e-quation modeling method for statistical analysis of sample data, Results show that exploration learning promotes technological knowledge acquisition through affecting market knowledge acquisition, and ultimately exerts an impact on the path of organizational creativity, while exploitation learning affects organizational creativity mainly through promoting technological knowledge acquisition. Technological knowledge and market knowledge acquisition play different mediating roles in the impact of organizational learning on organizational creativity, and compared to exploitation learning, exploration learning makes a more effective use of external knowledge acquisition and thus affects organizational creativity.%为了探明组织学习方式与组织创造力之间的相关关系,基于知识的基础观理论,尝试从外部知识获取的视角出发,探索组织学习方式与组织创造力之间的内在机理,根据市场知识与技术知识信息偏重的不同,构建组织学习方式影响组织创造力的外部知识获取路径.采用问卷调查收集275个有效的企业样本,运用结构方程模型方法对样本数据进行统计分析.研究结果表明,探索式学习通过影响市场知识获取进而推动技术知识获取,最终影响组织创造力的作用路径,利用式学习则主要通过对技术知识获取的

  17. A study on the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalil Ghafourian

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study on the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment in Iran. The proposed study designs a questionnaire and distributes it among some employees of Islamic Azad University and, using structural equation modeling, we investigate the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship as well as organizational commitment. The study selects 142 people from 255 regular employees who work for the university and distributes the questionnaire designed in Likert scale. Cronbach alphas have been determined for organizational citizenship, organizational justice and commitment as 0.924, 0.94 and 0.73, which are well above the minimum acceptable level. The results indicate that procedural justice has the most effect on organizational commitment followed by interactive justice and distributive justice. In addition, obedience has the most influential effect followed by loyalty, partnership, innovation and behavior. Finally, the survey shows that organizational citizenship is influenced mostly by loyalty and partnership. In summary, the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment has been confirmed.

  18. Medical versus surgical termination of early pregnancy: satisfaction with care, emotional impact and acceptability of the procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prasanna L. Akkenapally

    2016-09-01

    Conclusions: Satisfaction with both the methods of medical and surgical abortion is high. Acceptability of the procedure next time was more with surgical abortion. MTOP had higher emotional impact. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(9.000: 3158-3166

  19. Simulation Research of the TOC-Based Cost Accounting Impacting on Organizational Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Guo-feng; TU Mei-zeng; SHI Zhan-zhong

    2005-01-01

    After introducing a new management philosophy called Theory of Constraints (TOC), Dr Eli Goldratt applied it to the field of accounting, and formed a new set of measures for cost accounting. These measures are Throughput Contribution, Inventory and Operating Expenses. This paper applied the constraint-based cost accounting to three kinds of strategies decisions including contraction, cost and market, and uses the Gedunken experiment to do a contrastive research between the cost accounting based on TOC and the full-absorption cost accounting. The experiment proves that the cost accounting based on TOC outperforms the traditional cost accounting, and greatly improves organizational performance.

  20. A Preliminary Study on the Measures to Assess the Organizational Safety: The Cultural Impact on Human Error Potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Yong Hee; Lee, Yong Hee [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-10-15

    The Fukushima I nuclear accident following the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011 occurred after twelve years had passed since the JCO accident which was caused as a result of an error made by JCO employees. These accidents, along with the Chernobyl accident, associated with characteristic problems of various organizations caused severe social and economic disruptions and have had significant environmental and health impact. The cultural problems with human errors occur for various reasons, and different actions are needed to prevent different errors. Unfortunately, much of the research on organization and human error has shown widely various or different results which call for different approaches. In other words, we have to find more practical solutions from various researches for nuclear safety and lead a systematic approach to organizational deficiency causing human error. This paper reviews Hofstede's criteria, IAEA safety culture, safety areas of periodic safety review (PSR), teamwork and performance, and an evaluation of HANARO safety culture to verify the measures used to assess the organizational safety

  1. Impact of organizational change on the intake, referral and treatment of outpatients at a community mental health center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salta, L; Buick, W P

    1989-01-01

    The authors evaluated two indices of services for 349 outpatients who requested an initial appointment for screening and evaluation at a community mental health center over a one-month period in April of 1981, 1984, and 1988. Intake waiting time after initial screening and evaluation was 15.2 treatment days in 1981, 15.4 treatment days in 1984 and reduced to 2.7 treatment days in 1988. For patients who were referred for continued outpatient treatment, the dropout rates were reduced from 54.3 percent in 1981, to 28.51 percent in 1984 and further reduced to 19.19 percent in 1988. A divisional structure was designed with the purpose of reducing organizational barriers in order to provide greater access to services and to enhance continuity of care to patients. These results suggest that systematic organizational changes and the implementation of clearly defined clinical and administrative policies and procedures can impact favorably upon the intake, referral and treatment of outpatients.

  2. Impact of organizational change on the intake, referral and treatment of outpatients at a community mental health center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salta, L; Buick, W P

    1989-01-01

    The authors evaluated two indices of services for 349 outpatients who requested an initial appointment for screening and evaluation at a community mental health center over a one-month period in April of 1981, 1984, and 1988. Intake waiting time after initial screening and evaluation was 15.2 treatment days in 1981, 15.4 treatment days in 1984 and reduced to 2.7 treatment days in 1988. For patients who were referred for continued outpatient treatment, the dropout rates were reduced from 54.3 percent in 1981, to 28.51 percent in 1984 and further reduced to 19.19 percent in 1988. A divisional structure was designed with the purpose of reducing organizational barriers in order to provide greater access to services and to enhance continuity of care to patients. These results suggest that systematic organizational changes and the implementation of clearly defined clinical and administrative policies and procedures can impact favorably upon the intake, referral and treatment of outpatients. PMID:10295614

  3. Organizational-level study of the impact of past turnover on future turnover in the Sultanate of Oman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruqaiya Mohamed Al Balushi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Turnover phenomena attracted researchers from all over the world for generations. Most of this research was directed towards turnover antecedents with a few scattered conceptual and empirical studies related to turnover consequences. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of past turnover on future turnover in public organizations, in addition to test the mediation role of organizational climate in this relationship. Public schools as separate identities were the best choice as the study sample. Data were collected through questionnaires from 142 public schools in all educational regions in Oman. Two-step structural equation modeling approach, and nested model comparison were used for data analysis. The results revealed that: (1 past turnover predicts future turnover, significantly; (2 organizational climate fails to mediate this relationship. The study added to the body of knowledge by confirming Staw’s hypothesis relating past turnover to future turnover in the Omani context. Human resource professionals and educational administration practitioners may play an important role in decreasing future turnover by tackling and decreasing past turnover, in addition to improving the relationship climate in schools. The study is limited to public schools in Oman and further studies about turnover consequences in the Arabic context are needed to affirm the results.

  4. The Impact of Knowledge-Based Trust (Kbt on The Adoption and Acceptability of Cashless Economy in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galadima, Talatu O.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The introduction of cashless policy in Nigeria had gained a number of reactions over the adoption of cashless ec onomy (or cashless banking. The implication of this is that not many people have the u nderstanding of the benefits the cashless system would accrue to entire Nigerian populace. Although, ma ny have argued that the technological infrastructures available for the implementation of the cashle ss economy is still a matter of concern. This study attempts to examine the impact of integrating Technology Acceptance Model (TAM with Knowledge - based Tru st (KBT on the adoption and acceptance of cashless economy among Nigerian populace . We designed a paper - based questionnaire to harvest people’s view about their intention on the adoption of cashless economy in Nigeria as well as their readiness to accept the policy. Consequent upon the impact of trust on the acceptability of the cashless economy, we formulated some hypotheses which was analysed with the use of T - statistics. The results of the hypothesis testing indicate that the integration of KBT with T AM has a significant relationship on intention towards the adoption and acceptance of cashless economy in Nigeria

  5. Structural impacts on the occurrence and effectiveness of transformational leadership : An empirical study at the organizational level of analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Walter, Frank; Bruch, Heike

    2010-01-01

    This article empirically investigates the role of organizational structure in the transformational leadership (TFL) process. We examine organizational centralization, formalization, and size as antecedents of an organization's TFL climate, and as moderators of the relationship between TFL climate an

  6. The Impact of the Leadership Style on the Organizational Climate in a Public Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen NOVAC

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Many previous researches had explored the concepts of leadership styles and organizational climate, but just a very few had explored them together. Therefore, in order to be able to build a theoretical basis to this topic and then to develop a case study to emphasise the relationship between the leadership style implemented within a public sector entity and the organizational climate characteristics found in there, I immersed myself into the specific literature and considered different theoretical patterns in particular for the above mentioned concepts.People’s general perception is that public organizations rarely achieve their objectives, the employees are not doing their job properly and there is no efficiency in using neither resources nor proper motivation of employees. This negative image could be a projection of the internal dissatisfaction towards payment, recognition, career prospects and leader's behaviour. Consequently, a deeper leader's actions analysis will provide further information on this perception and so will do the study of the organisational climate.The concept of organizational climate has a great deal of components through which it can be defined. Some of the organizational climate essential factors are: the structure, motivation, interpersonal relations, flexibility, support, communication, information, working conditions, rules and regulations, objectives, management and leadership. People tend to internalize the organizational climate and as a result the way they perceive it has an important role on their behaviour. Thus, there is a strong relationship between the leader's behaviour and the organisational climate.It is known that a leader’s best way of action depends on a series of situational factors and the employees' level of professionalism is one of them. Public sector leaders should also adapt themselves to the organisational climate requirements and should adopt a more flexible working system. Through their

  7. The impact of trial runs on the acceptability of pigouvian taxes: experimental evidence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cherry, Todd L.; Kallbekken, Steffen; Kroll, Stephen

    2011-07-01

    This paper examines the political difficulty of enacting welfare-enhancing Pigouvian taxes. Using referenda in a market experiment with externalities, we investigate the effect of trial periods on the acceptability of two theoretically equivalent variants of Pigouvian taxes. While implementing either tax is in subjects material self-interest, we find significant levels of opposition to both tax schemes, though the level differs considerably. Results show that trial runs can overcome initial tax aversion, significantly increasing acceptability. The effect is robust across tax schemes, but a trial with one scheme does not affect the acceptability of the other. Trial periods also mitigate initial biases in preferences of alternative tax schemes. (auth)

  8. People, organizational, and leadership factors impacting informatics support for clinical and translational research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Payne Philip RO

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In recent years, there have been numerous initiatives undertaken to describe critical information needs related to the collection, management, analysis, and dissemination of data in support of biomedical research (J Investig Med 54:327-333, 2006; (J Am Med Inform Assoc 16:316–327, 2009; (Physiol Genomics 39:131-140, 2009; (J Am Med Inform Assoc 18:354–357, 2011. A common theme spanning such reports has been the importance of understanding and optimizing people, organizational, and leadership factors in order to achieve the promise of efficient and timely research (J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:283–289, 2008. With the emergence of clinical and translational science (CTS as a national priority in the United States, and the corresponding growth in the scale and scope of CTS research programs, the acuity of such information needs continues to increase (JAMA 289:1278–1287, 2003; (N Engl J Med 353:1621–1623, 2005; (Sci Transl Med 3:90, 2011. At the same time, systematic evaluations of optimal people, organizational, and leadership factors that influence the provision of data, information, and knowledge management technologies and methods are notably lacking. Methods In response to the preceding gap in knowledge, we have conducted both: 1 a structured survey of domain experts at Academic Health Centers (AHCs; and 2 a subsequent thematic analysis of public-domain documentation provided by those same organizations. The results of these approaches were then used to identify critical factors that may influence access to informatics expertise and resources relevant to the CTS domain. Results A total of 31 domain experts, spanning the Biomedical Informatics (BMI, Computer Science (CS, Information Science (IS, and Information Technology (IT disciplines participated in a structured surveyprocess. At a high level, respondents identified notable differences in theaccess to BMI, CS, and IT expertise and services depending on the

  9. The Competences of HR Managers and their Impact on the Organizational Success of MNCs’ Subsidiaries in the CEE Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    József Poór

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Multinational companies that have settled in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE significantly contribute to the recognition of modern HRM concepts and implementation of the relevant HRM practices in the region (Lewis, 2005. To be a strategic partner, HRM managers have to possess various professional and personal competences (Orme, 2010. The aim of this paper is to analyze the main competences of HR managers and their impact on companies’ performances. The research hypothesis, based on 2012-2013 CEEIRT data, is that there is a statistically significant relationship among the HR managers’ competences and the performances of the MNCs’ subsidiaries in Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Slovakia. The analyzed HR competences are: business knowledge, strategic contribution, personal credibility, HR services, HR information system and foreign language competences. The research analyzed the following organizational performances: profitability, service quality, rate of innovations and environmental matters.

  10. A survey on impact of emotional intelligence, organizational citizenship behaviors and job satisfaction on employees’ performance in Iranian hotel industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kambiz Heidarzadeh Hanzaee

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of employees’ Emotional Intelligence (EI, Job Satisfaction (JS and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB on Employee's Performance (EP in Iranian hotel industry. The proposed study of this paper designs a questionnaire and distributes it among 225 employees who have a high interaction with customers in hotel industry. In order to describe the data, the frequency distribution tables have been used and the structural equations model (SEM has been used to describe the data. The results of this survey have confirmed all the proposed hypotheses of this survey except the one, which was associated with the relationship between OCB on EP. Therefore, EI have positive impacts on JS, OCB and EP in Iranian hotel industry. Conclusion and Managerial implications have been offers.

  11. The impact of E-government implementation on the organizational structure: The case of Jordan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rifat O. Shannak

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The application of E-government initiative in Jordan had widely spread milestones in terms of achievement, these achievements has changed the means of communication between the government different ministries and directories through websites. This research studied the level of E-government application and the changes in the organizational structure needed to reach the optimal customer service. Data collected through the interview with personnel in the Ministry of Information and Communication Technology and Electronic Government Program from, the websites of the Ministry of Education and the Income and Sales Tax Directorate, and the United Nations E-government Readiness Biannual Report. This study found that the E-government application level is conventional with some utilization in the vertical integration, and the effect on the structure is not clear except for the new technology-related positions that have emerged due to the changes in the communication methods.

  12. Empirically Supported Treatment’s Impact on Organizational Culture and Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson-Silver Wolf, David A.; Dulmus, Catherine N.; Maguin, Eugene

    2012-01-01

    Objectives With the continued push to implement empirically supported treatments (ESTs) into community-based organizations, it is important to investigate whether working condition disruptions occur during this process. While there are many studies investigating best practices and how to adopt them, the literature lacks studies investigating the working conditions in programs that currently use ESTs. Method This study compared the culture and climate scores of a large organization’s programs that use ESTs and those programs indicating no EST usage. Results Of the total 55 different programs (1,273 frontline workers), 27 programs used ESTs. Results indicate that the programs offering an EST had significantly more rigid and resistant cultures, compared to those without any ESTs. In regard to climate, programs offering an EST were significantly less engaged, less functional, and more stressed. Conclusion Outcomes indicate a significant disruption in organizational culture and climate for programs offering ESTs. PMID:23243379

  13. Impact of Participation in Decision Making on Job Satisfaction: An Organizational Communication Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Ying; Zhang, Li; Zhao, Ning

    2016-09-20

    Participation in organizational decision-making has received considerable attention from scholars. Beyond the perspectives proposed in past studies, we offer a new account, based upon a communication perspective, to explain why and when participation in decision-making can influence job satisfaction. Drawing from social capital theory, we examine whether communication openness mediates the relationship between participation in decision-making and job satisfaction. We also investigate how information adequacy moderates this mediated process. Results from a sample of 184 employees in China showed that the four-factor model was the best fitting solution (CFI = .91, GFI = .90, RMSEA = .09). The analyses indicated that employees' participation in decision-making positively affected their job satisfaction (β = .32, p decision-making information adequacy positively moderated the relationship between participation in decision-making and communication openness (β = .13, p < .05). Thus, open communication and the free flow of information within organizations should be encouraged.

  14. Application Performance Management Impact On Organizational Performance Local Company Studies In West Java - Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teni Listiani

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This study aimed to analyze the effect on the performance of the companys performance management area. Management performance is measured through three dimensions performance planning performance assessment and feeding it behind. While organizational performance is measured through four dimensions financial perspective customer perspective internal business processes and learning and growth perspective. The unit of analysis in this research area comprising 30 companies from 23 taps 6 PD Market and 1 PD Health. Meanwhile the unit of observation is the top-middle-level managers-down of a total of 360 people. To determine the influence of the variables studied used Structural Equation Model SEM based on the model variant with Partial Least Square PLS. The results showed that in the enterprise area performance management affect the performance of the organization but the effect is not too large.

  15. Awareness of Stress-reduction Interventions: The Impact on Employees' Well-being and Organizational Attitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pignata, Silvia; Boyd, Carolyn; Gillespie, Nicole; Provis, Christopher; Winefield, Anthony H

    2016-08-01

    Employing the social-exchange theoretical framework, we examined the effect of employees' awareness of stress-reduction interventions on their levels of psychological strain, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, perceptions of senior management trustworthiness and procedural justice. We present longitudinal panel data from 869 employees who completed questionnaires at two time points at 13 Australian universities. Our results show that employees who reported an awareness of stress-reduction interventions undertaken at their university scored lower on psychological strain and higher on job satisfaction and commitment than those who were unaware of the interventions. The results suggest that simply the awareness of stress interventions can be linked to positive employee outcomes. The study further revealed that senior management trustworthiness and procedural justice mediate the relationship between awareness and employee outcomes. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25066108

  16. The Impact of Organizational Climate on Burnout among Homeroom Teachers and Special Education Teachers (Full Classes/Individual Pupils) in Mainstream Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavian, Rivka Hillel

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on a quantitative research study designed to examine the impact of organizational climate on burnout among homeroom and special education teachers working in Israeli state (non-religious) schools. The research literature identifies various causes for teacher burnout, offering evidence that special education teachers experience…

  17. 组织政治技能、组织信任对隐性知识共享的影响研究%The impact of organizational political skill and organizational trust on tacit knowledge sharing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张生太; 梁娟

    2012-01-01

    The impact of organizational political skill and organizational trust on tacit knowledge sharing is examined. Based on a survey of 264 employees from 18 firms located at Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, the regression analysis model is applied to verify the relationship between these variables. The results indicate that organizational political skill has four dimensions, that is, political sensitivity, interpersonal influence, the force of relationship development, the force of coordination; and these four dimensions of organizational political skill are positively related to organizational trust and tacit knowledge sharing. Finally, the implications and limitation of the study and the suggestions for future research arc also discussed.%在文献回顾的基础上,建立了组织政治技能、组织信任和隐性知识共享之间的关系模型,并对内蒙古自治区18家企业264名员工的调查问卷数据,应用回归分析方法对该模型进行了验证。结果表明组织政治技能的四个维度:政治敏锐性、人际影响力、关系拓展力、组织协调力对组织信任和隐性知识共享均有显著的正向影响。组织信任完全中介了组织政治技能和隐性知识共享之间的关系。最后总结分析了该研究对于理论和实践的贡献以及对未来研究的启示。

  18. The Impact of National Cultural Differences on Nurses' Acceptance of Hospital Information Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Hsien-Cheng

    2015-06-01

    This study aims to explore the influence of national cultural differences on nurses' perceptions of their acceptance of hospital information systems. This study uses the perspective of Technology Acceptance Model; national cultural differences in terms of masculinity/femininity, individualism/collectivism, power distance, and uncertainty avoidance are incorporated into the Technology Acceptance Model as moderators, whereas time orientation is a control variable on hospital information system acceptance. A quantitative research design was used in this study; 261 participants, US and Taiwan RNs, all had hospital information system experience. Data were collected from November 2013 to February 2014 and analyzed using a t test to compare the coefficients for each moderator. The results show that individualism/collectivism, power distance, and uncertainty avoidance all exhibit significant difference on hospital information system acceptance; however, both masculinity/femininity and time orientation factors did not show significance. This study verifies that national cultural differences have significant influence on nurses' behavioral intention to use hospital information systems. Therefore, hospital information system providers should emphasize the way in which to integrate different technological functions to meet the needs of nurses from various cultural backgrounds.

  19. Impact of the HRM content (i.e. practices) and process (i.e. strength) on individual and organizational outcomes, in the hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Madeira, Sara de Oliveira Barradas Filipe

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to explore the impact of the HRM content (i.e. HRM practices) on individual (proximal) and organizational (distal) outcomes, in the hotel industry context, as well as the influence of the HRM process (i.e. HRM strength) as a mediator in the link between HRM practices and individual and organizational outcomes. A total of 202 responses from non-supervisory employees and 38 from supervisors, from 7 hotels in Algarve, were collected and analysed. HRM practices were grouped int...

  20. Organizational Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grande, Bård; Sørensen, Ole Henning

    1998-01-01

    The paper focuses on the concept of organizational networks. Four different uses of the concept of organizational network are identified and critically discussed. Special focus is placed on how information and communication technologies as communication mediators and cognitive pictures influence...

  1. Conflict: Organizational

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clegg, Stewart; Mikkelsen, Elisabeth Naima; Sewell, Graham

    2015-01-01

    This article examines four contemporary treatments of the problem of organizational conflict: social psychological, anthropological, neo-Darwinian, and neo-Machiavellian. Social psychological treatments of organizational conflict focus on the dyadic relationship between individual disputants....... In contrast, anthropological treatments take a more socially and historically embedded approach to organizational conflict, focusing on how organizational actors establish negotiated orders of understanding. In a break with the social psychological and anthropological approaches, neo-Darwinians explain...

  2. Impact of Participation in Decision Making on Job Satisfaction: An Organizational Communication Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Ying; Zhang, Li; Zhao, Ning

    2016-01-01

    Participation in organizational decision-making has received considerable attention from scholars. Beyond the perspectives proposed in past studies, we offer a new account, based upon a communication perspective, to explain why and when participation in decision-making can influence job satisfaction. Drawing from social capital theory, we examine whether communication openness mediates the relationship between participation in decision-making and job satisfaction. We also investigate how information adequacy moderates this mediated process. Results from a sample of 184 employees in China showed that the four-factor model was the best fitting solution (CFI = .91, GFI = .90, RMSEA = .09). The analyses indicated that employees' participation in decision-making positively affected their job satisfaction (β = .32, p < .001), and the effect was mediated by communication openness (direct effect became non-significant when communication openness was included: β = .06, n.s.). Results also found that decision-making information adequacy positively moderated the relationship between participation in decision-making and communication openness (β = .13, p < .05). Thus, open communication and the free flow of information within organizations should be encouraged. PMID:27644126

  3. The impact of complaint management and service quality on organizational image: A case study at the Malaysian public university library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Pei Kian; Mohd Suradi, Nur Riza; Saludin, Mohamad Nasir

    2013-04-01

    Service failure frequently occurs. This affects customer expectations which lead to complaint. However, not all dissatisfied customers actually complain. Without customer feedback, it would be impossible for a company to know whether they needed a change for improvement. Thus, complaint management brings a learning experience to organization in order to provide better service. Therefore, it is important to identify customer dissatisfaction through a systematic complaint handling or management. The study proposes a model of systematic complaint management which applied to academic library as a tool of service recovery. As such, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the critical success factors of complaint management towards service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and the impact to organizational image at academic library. Three academic libraries have been identified and selected for this project, the Library of Tun Sri Lanang, UKM, UTeM and UNIMAS. Using the justice theory, this study investigates the perception of customers on complaint management in terms of outcomes they receive, procedures used by organization and interpersonal treatment. In this study, there are five factors of complaint management identified, which includes speed of recovery, management system, empowerment, culture and psychology and tangible compensation. A questionnaire was designed and used as the data gathering instrument. A total of 600 respondents participated in this study. Ten hypotheses were used to test the relationships between complaint management, service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and organizational image. To measure the construct relationships, Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach was used. The results show that management system (b = 0.210; p 0.05) do not influence service quality. The second part of this study uses confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to analyze and confirm the conceptual model proposed in this research

  4. Extended TAM Model: Impacts of Convenience on Acceptance and Use of Moodle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Hsiao-hui; Chang, Yu-ying

    2013-01-01

    The increasing online access to courses, programs, and information has shifted the control and responsibility of learning process from instructors to learners. Learners' perceptions of and attitudes toward e-learning constitute a critical factor to the success of such system. The purpose of this study is to take TAM (technology acceptance model)…

  5. Impact of Contextuality on Mobile Learning Acceptance: An Empirical Study Based on a Language Learning App

    Science.gov (United States)

    Böhm, Stephan; Constantine, Georges Philip

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to focus on contextualized features for mobile language learning apps. The scope of this paper is to explore students' perceptions of contextualized mobile language learning. Design/Methodology/Approach: An extended Technology Acceptance Model was developed to analyze the effect of contextual app features on students'…

  6. Impact of English Regional Accents on User Acceptance of Voice User Interfaces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Niculescu, A.I.; White, G.M.; Lan, S.S.; Waloejo, R.U.; Kawaguchi, Y.

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we present an experiment addressing a critical issue in Voice User Interface (VUI) design, namely whether the user acceptance can be improved by having recorded voice prompts imitate his/her regional dialect. The claim was tested within a project aiming to develop voice animated virtua

  7. The Impact of Listening Condition on Background Noise Acceptance for Young Adults with Normal Hearing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon-Hickey, Susan; Moore, Robert E.; Estis, Julie M.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the effect of different speech conditions on background noise acceptance. A total of 23 stimulus pairings, differing in primary talker gender (female, male, conventional), number of background talkers (1, 4, 12), and gender composition of the background noise (female, male, mixed) were used to evaluate background noise…

  8. From efficacy research to large-scale impact on undernutrition: the role of organizational cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelletier, David; Pelto, Gretel

    2013-11-01

    Undernutrition in low-income countries is receiving unprecedented attention at global and national levels due to the convergence of many forces, including strong evidence concerning its magnitude, consequences, and potential solutions and effective advocacy by many organizations. The translation of this attention into large-scale reductions in undernutrition at the country level requires the alignment and support of many organizations in the development and implementation of a coherent policy agenda for nutrition, including the strengthening of operational and strategic capacities and a supportive research agenda. However, many countries experience difficulties achieving such alignment. This article uses the concept of organizational culture to better understand some of the reasons for these difficulties. This concept is applied to the constellation of organizations that make up the "National Nutrition Network" in a given country and some of the individual organizations within that network, including academic institutions that conduct research on undernutrition. We illustrate this concept through a case study involving a middle-income country. We conclude that efforts to align organizations in support of coherent nutrition agendas should do the following: 1) make intentional and sustained efforts to foster common understanding, shared learning, and socialization of new members and other elements of a shared culture among partners; 2) seek a way to frame problems and solutions in a fashion that enables individual organizations to secure some of their particular interests by joining the effort; and 3) not only advocate on the importance of nutrition but also insist that high-level officials hold organizations accountable for aligning in support of common-interest solutions (through some elements of a common culture) that can be effective and appropriate in the national context. We further conclude that a culture change is needed within academic departments if the

  9. Impact of "JOBM": ISI Impact Factor Places the "Journal of Organizational Behavior Management" Third in Applied Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hantula, Donald A.

    2006-01-01

    The ISI Impact Factor for "JOBM" is 1.793, placing it third in the JCR rankings for journals in applied psychology with a sharply accelerating linear trend over the past 5 years. This article reviews the Impact Factor and raises questions regarding its reliability and validity and then considers a citation analysis of "JOBM" in light of the…

  10. Current status and prospect of partitioning and transmutation -challenge on technology, economics, environmental impact, and acceptability-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basis R and D on the PNT fuel cycle aiming at burning HLW up has been pursued since 70's. In this paper, feasibility on PNT technology, economics, environmental aspect, and acceptability are reviewed to steer up the future R and D directions. Results show that it is important to quantify the environmental benefit of the PNT cycle through a sensitivity study. In addition, the economy of the whole PNT system including storage of solidified residual wastes and local and international acceptability turn out to be critical issues. To answer these the basis R and D to accomplish the conceptual design of the system is needed to make sure whether the proposed system is good for not energy security but also commercial electricity generation

  11. Law as an organizational variable: an examination of the impact of law on the performance of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of law in a federal regulatory agency is examined from an organizational perspective. While law is usually viewed in terms of its legal, political, and social value consequences, it is postulated that it also has significant organizational consequences. The impact of those consequences is examined in the case of a single agency, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The legal process is shown to be a powerful organizational characteristic of the government administrative agency, beginning with statuatory definition of organization goals, structure, and procedures and ending with judicial review of actions. Agency lawyers are shown to represent a distinct professional subculture within this agency. Their values and orientations toward business, the role of regulation, and the role of nuclear utilities are different from the 95% of agency employees subculture based on a physical science/engineering background. It is concluded that agency effectiveness suffers from the cultural polarization resulting from the disparities in belief systems of the two major identifiable professional groups, lawyers and scientist/engineers. It is also concluded that the impact of law on organizational performance and effectiveness attributes is largely dysfunctional. Such dysfunctionalism could be lessened with modified legal interpretation or statutory change, improved science/law relationship, and better understanding of the legal process by nonlawyer policymakers

  12. Top management team composition and organizational ecology : A nested hierarchical selection theory of team reproduction and organizational diversity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boone, Christophe; Wezel, Filippo C.; van Witteloostuijn, Arjen; Baum, JAC; Dobrev, SD; VanWitteloostuijn, A

    2006-01-01

    The "upper echelon" literature has mainly produced static empirical studies on the impact of top management team composition on organizational outcomes, ignoring the dynamics of industrial demography. Organizational ecology explicitly studied the dynamics of organizational diversity at the populatio

  13. Impact of the disease: acceptability, ceiling and floor effects and reliability of an instrument on heart failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simey de Lima Lopes Rodrigues

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the acceptability, ceiling/floor effects, and the reliability of the instrument for measuring the Impact of the Disease on the Daily Life of Patients with Valvular Disease (IDCV when applied to 135 patients with heart failure (HF. Acceptability was evaluated by the percentage of unanswered items and by the proportion of patients who responded to all items; the ceiling/floor effects by the percentage of patients who scored in the top of 10% best and worst results of the scale, respectively. Reliability was estimated by internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient and stability of the measure (intraclass correlation coefficient - ICC. All patients responded to all items. Ceiling/floor effects evidenced were of moderate magnitude. The Cronbach's alpha was satisfactory for the majority of the domains and ICC> 0.90 in all the domains. The IDCV proved to be an easy to understand questionnaire, with evidence of reliability in patients with HF.

  14. The Impact of Organizational Factors on Safety. The Perspective of Experts from the Spanish Nuclear Sector; El Impacto de los Factores Organizativos en la Seguridad. La Vision de los Expertos del Sector Nuclear Espanol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    German, S.; Silla, I.; Navajas, J.

    2014-07-01

    Previous research supports the importance of organizational factors on safety in high reliability organizations. This study aims to determine the impact of those factors in the Spanish nuclear sector. Particularly, this study focuses on examining the role of performance indicators, organizational culture, organizational factors, and organizational context. With that purpose, an electronic survey addressed to experts from the Spanish nuclear sector was carried out. Results showed that performance indicators are well-known among industry experts and are perceived as useful for improving performance. Behavioural norms that influence safety and some relevant factors that promote problem identification were identified. Additionally, findings suggested that organizational context must be taken into account to better understand the role of organizational culture. Moreover, industry experts pointed out organizational factors to be improved: organizational communication processes within the organization, positive reinforcement, and field supervisors practices. Finally, findings supported the influence of organizational context on safety. It is noteworthy the role of the social impact of international events (e.g., Chernobyl...), the relationship with the regulator and the legislative and governmental framework. (Author)

  15. 组织记忆与组织遗忘对知识转移的影响——基于社会网络视角%The Impact of Organizational Memory and Organizational Oblivion to Knowledge Transfer ——Based on the Social Network Angle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋瑞晓; 魏静; 李东; 苗建军

    2011-01-01

    以社会网络理论为视角,研究组织记忆与组织遗忘对组织知识转移的影响。构建组织记忆与组织遗忘角度的知识转移模型,探讨社会网络背景下,组织记忆与组织遗忘分别对知识转移效果和知识转移速度的影响。研究中发现,组织密度作为组织社会网络的特定属性会对组织记忆、组织遗忘产生影响,并间接影响组织知识转移效果和组织知识转移速度。%From the perspective of social network theory,this paper studies the effect of organizational oblivion and organizational memory to the organizational knowledge transfer.It also builds a knowledge transfer model and explores the impact organizational memory and organizational oblivion to the effectiveness and the speed of knowledge transfer.As a result,we find that organizational density as an attribute of social network impacts not only organizational memory and organizational oblivion,but also indirectly the effectiveness and the speed of knowledge transfer indirectly.

  16. Impact of Technology Use on Performance : An Organizational Perspective within Social CRM

    OpenAIRE

    Küpper, Torben; Järvinen, Joel; Karjaluoto, Heikki; Wieneke, Alexander; Lehmkuhl, Tobias; Jung, Reinhard

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a structural model for evaluating the impact of Social CRM technology use on Social CRM performance. Today, companies implement Social CRM tools with a set of features, but still struggle to realize and assess the benefits of the implemented technology. Little research has been conducted on a corresponding approach linking Social CRM technology use to Social CRM performance. To address this gap, the article develops and empirically evaluates a structural model, built on th...

  17. The Impact of Corporate Reputation and Information Sharing on Value Creation for Organizational Customers

    OpenAIRE

    Žabkar Vesna; Arslanagić-Kalajdžić Maja

    2014-01-01

    The importance of corporate communication to build, protect and maintain corporate reputation has been advocated in numerous publications in recent years. The main goal of this paper is to provide an understanding of the impact of corporate reputation and information sharing on value creation. Both reputation and information sharing represent signals that customers observe in the process of value creation, which is seen as the end focus for corporate marketing. The paper draws on signaling th...

  18. The Influence Of Cultural Variations On Organizational Factors: Its Impact On International Industrial Marketing Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Lesevic, P A

    1990-01-01

    From an international functional perspective, this paper reviews the critical role of industrial marketing in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of global strategies. It explores the impact of Hofstede' s four cultural dimensions on the management of headquarter-subsidiary relations. The cross cultural scenario considers American MNCs and subsidiaries located in the European Community countries because of the relevance of the quickly approaching EC 92 event. MNC internal organizat...

  19. Organizational Environment and its Impact on Turnover Intensions in Education Sector of Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Ayaz Ul Haq; Asad Iqbal Khattak; Syed Neiman Raza Shah; Kashif-ur-Rehman

    2011-01-01

    It investigates the issues affecting the job satisfaction of the teachers of private colleges of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan and further the overall effect of job satisfaction on turnover intention. A questionnaire consists of 6 sections depending on the independent and dependent variables were circulated among the educational professionals. This questionnaire was based on 5 likert-type scale. Results show that culture of an organization and its reward system are having positive impact...

  20. THE IMPACT OF MEDICAL TOURISM ON THE QUALITY OF ORGANIZATIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL CHANGES IN THE POLISH HEALTHCARE SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcin Olkiewicz

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The role of Medical Tourism in the process of a complex satisfaction of the prosumers and the impact played in the organizational and functional changes in the Polish healthcare system. The analysis of the literature on the subject as well as an analysis of the documentation were the inspiration to write this work. The main emphasis was put on stating the conditions stimulating the development of this sector of the economy as well as the risk factors determining the quality of process changes in the healthcare system (functioning of public hospitals. To approximate the characteristics of the involved risk within the framework of health tourism functioning in the conditions of a market economy. Selected research methods allowed to present the motives behind undertaken actions of both the regulators as well as participants of the health tourism. Polish accession to the EU was an important impulse changing the way of thinking about health tourism in healthcare as well as, what is important, changes in the institutional and financial policy in Poland. In order to meet health-oriented demands of a prosumer, there should be a coordinated and effective informational system, aimed at improving the quality, reliability, availability of information concerning health tourism.

  1. A Descriptive Study on the Impact of Knowledge Creation Mechanism on Organizational Performance: A Case study in Malaysian Automotive industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Bihamta

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The process of continues improvement is one of the significant and predominant programs in most of the manufacturers all over the world. These struggles constantly look for improvement breakthrough that it is necessary for achieving efficiency and effectiveness to maintain sustainable quality processes and competitive advantages as well. Moreover, quality is one of the major competitive advantages that it is crucial for improving efficiency. Nowadays, many of company in global market are developing programs to achieve and deploying this process. In this study, we are going to illustrate the influence of knowledge creation mechanism on improving the quality process and its impact on organizational performance. This study applied the framework from Nonaka (1994, called SECI model for creating knowledge. This research focused on an automotive manufacturer companies. Besides, the roles of six sigma and continuous improvement process (CIP were clearly discussed. Moreover, the profound roles of knowledge creation in terms of socialization, externalization, combination and internalization as a model on quality process were examined.

  2. Vegetable and Fruit Acceptance during Infancy: Impact of Ontogeny, Genetics, and Early Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mennella, Julie A; Reiter, Ashley R; Daniels, Loran M

    2016-01-01

    Many of the chronic illnesses that plague modern society derive in large part from poor food choices. Thus, it is not surprising that the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, aimed at the population ≥2 y of age, recommends limiting consumption of salt, fat, and simple sugars, all of which have sensory properties that we humans find particularly palatable, and increasing the variety and contribution of fruits and vegetables in the diet, to promote health and prevent disease. Similar recommendations may soon be targeted at even younger Americans: the B-24 Project, led by the US Department of Health and Human Services and the USDA, is currently evaluating evidence to include infants and children from birth to 2 y of age in the dietary guidelines. This article reviews the underinvestigated behavioral phenomena surrounding how to introduce vegetables and fruits into infants' diets, for which there is much medical lore but, to our knowledge, little evidence-based research. Because the chemical senses are the major determinants of whether young children will accept a food (e.g., they eat only what they like), these senses take on even greater importance in understanding the bases for food choices in children. We focus on early life, in contrast with many other studies that attempt to modify food habits in older children and thus may miss sensitive periods that modulate long-term acceptance. Our review also takes into consideration ontogeny and sources of individual differences in taste perception, in particular, the role of genetic variation in bitter taste perception.

  3. Organizational Governance

    OpenAIRE

    Foss, Nicolai J.; Peter G. Klein

    2007-01-01

    This chapter reviews and discusses rational-choice approaches to organizational governance. These approaches are found primarily in organizational economics (virtually no rational-choice organizational sociology exists), particularly in transaction cost economics, principal-agent theory, and the incomplete-contracts or property-rights approach. We distill the main unifying characteristics of these streams, survey each stream, and offer some critical commentary and suggestions for moving forward.

  4. The acceptability and impact of a randomised controlled trial of welfare rights advice accessed via primary health care: qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howel Denise

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Qualitative research is increasingly used alongside randomised controlled trials (RCTs to study a range of factors including participants' experiences of a trial. The need for a sound evidence base within public health will increase the need for RCTs of non-clinical interventions. Welfare rights advice has been proposed as an intervention with potential to reduce health inequalities. This qualitative study, nested within an RCT of the impact of welfare rights advice, examined the acceptability of the intervention, the acceptability of the research process and the perceived impact of the intervention. Methods 25 men and women aged 60 years or over were recruited from four general practices in Newcastle upon Tyne (UK, a sub-sample of those who consented to be contacted (n = 96 during the RCT baseline interview. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken and analysed using the Framework Method. Results Participants viewed the trial positively although, despite agreeing that the information leaflet was clear, some had agreed to participate without being fully aware of what was involved. Some participants were unaware of the implications of randomisation. Most thought it fair, but a few concerns were raised about the control condition. The intervention was acceptable and made participants feel confident about applying for benefit entitlements. 14 out of 25 participants received some financial award; median weekly income gain was £57 (€84, $101. The perceived impact of additional finances was considerable and included: increased affordability of necessities and occasional expenses; increased capacity to deal with emergencies; and a reduction in stress related to financial worries. Overall, perceived independence and ability to participate in society increased. Most participants perceived benefits to their mental well-being, but no-one reported an improvement in physical health. The RCT showed little or no effect on a wide range

  5. How fairness impacts the perception of transformational leadership : the influence of organizational justice on perceived transformational leadership and the unique and mutual effects of these two factors on organizational outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Maier, E.

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this dissertation project was to investigate the role of organizational justice on the perception of transformational leadership (TFL), and the unique and mutual influences of justice and TFL on individual organizational outcomes, such as affective organizational commitment (AOC), organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and job satisfaction. Results of Study 1 revealed a significant influence of informational justice and voice (as subdimensions of organizational justice) on th...

  6. The Impact of Organizational Factors on the Level of Work Ethic among State Office Employee (Case of Study: Khansar City Employees)

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrangiz Mohammadkhani; Esmaeel Balali; Akram Mohammadi

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Today organizations have to face increases in speed, intensity and depth of internal and external conditions. Copying with organizational goals, employee views, managers' attitudes, strategies and activities is an important key which impacts development of societies. Human resources are the main bases upon which nations can increase their wealth, realize their capitals, promote social, political and economic organizations, and support national development. Therefore, a country...

  7. Review the impact of intimacy in work relations on organizational performance by balanced scorecard approach of unit 7 Iran gas transfer operation employees

    OpenAIRE

    SALAJEGHEH, Sanjar; BIGDELIMOJARAD, Behrooz

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. Nowadays using bureaucratic communicating models are obsoleted as a tool in order to improve the individual performance and relations based upon respect and intimacy are dominant within workplaces instead. The main purpose of this research is to review the impact of intimacy within work relations on organizational performance. Research methodology is practical; the research is descriptive-survey. Present study population is the managers and employees of Unit 7 Iran gas transfer oper...

  8. The Impact of Corporate Reputation and Information Sharing on Value Creation for Organizational Customers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žabkar Vesna

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The importance of corporate communication to build, protect and maintain corporate reputation has been advocated in numerous publications in recent years. The main goal of this paper is to provide an understanding of the impact of corporate reputation and information sharing on value creation. Both reputation and information sharing represent signals that customers observe in the process of value creation, which is seen as the end focus for corporate marketing. The paper draws on signaling theory and corporate marketing literature from the European and American schools of thought.

  9. Considering the Differential Impact of Three Facets of Organizational Health Climate on Employees' Well-Being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zweber, Zandra M; Henning, Robert A; Magley, Vicki J; Faghri, Pouran

    2015-01-01

    One potential way that healthy organizations can impact employee health is by promoting a climate for health within the organization. Using a definition of health climate that includes support for health from multiple levels within the organization, this study examines whether all three facets of health climate--the workgroup, supervisor, and organization--work together to contribute to employee well-being. Two samples are used in this study to examine health climate at the individual level and group level in order to provide a clearer picture of the impact of the three health climate facets. k-means cluster analysis was used on each sample to determine groups of individuals based on their levels of the three health climate facets. A discriminant function analysis was then run on each sample to determine if clusters differed on a function of employee well-being variables. Results provide evidence that having strength in all three of the facets is the most beneficial in terms of employee well-being at work. Findings from this study suggest that organizations must consider how health is treated within workgroups, how supervisors support employee health, and what the organization does to support employee health when promoting employee health.

  10. Considering the Differential Impact of Three Facets of Organizational Health Climate on Employees’ Well-Being

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zandra M. Zweber

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available One potential way that healthy organizations can impact employee health is by promoting a climate for health within the organization. Using a definition of health climate that includes support for health from multiple levels within the organization, this study examines whether all three facets of health climate—the workgroup, supervisor, and organization—work together to contribute to employee well-being. Two samples are used in this study to examine health climate at the individual level and group level in order to provide a clearer picture of the impact of the three health climate facets. k-means cluster analysis was used on each sample to determine groups of individuals based on their levels of the three health climate facets. A discriminant function analysis was then run on each sample to determine if clusters differed on a function of employee well-being variables. Results provide evidence that having strength in all three of the facets is the most beneficial in terms of employee well-being at work. Findings from this study suggest that organizations must consider how health is treated within workgroups, how supervisors support employee health, and what the organization does to support employee health when promoting employee health.

  11. Organizational Sense: A Notion for Studying Emerging Organizational Professionalism at Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérald Gaglio

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines organizational professionalism at work and in action. I focus on how organizational professionalism emerges in the workplace and what kinds of situated skills are involved. Organizational professionalism is explored in three dimensions (activity, politics, and ethics, from which the notion of organizational senseis developed. Organizational sense has three accepted meanings. The first accepted meaning relates to everydayness and ecologies of action. It has collective, material, and informational dimensions, and is distributed between people and objects. The second accepted meaning concerns the political dimension of performing a professional activity and its sensitivity (attentiveness, discernment, etc.. The third accepted meaning concerns ethics and examines loyalty toward an organization. The notion of organizational sense is illustrated by means of fieldwork with a population of internal communicators working in seven major French organizations. 

  12. Vegetable and Fruit Acceptance during Infancy: Impact of Ontogeny, Genetics, and Early Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mennella, Julie A; Reiter, Ashley R; Daniels, Loran M

    2016-01-01

    Many of the chronic illnesses that plague modern society derive in large part from poor food choices. Thus, it is not surprising that the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, aimed at the population ≥2 y of age, recommends limiting consumption of salt, fat, and simple sugars, all of which have sensory properties that we humans find particularly palatable, and increasing the variety and contribution of fruits and vegetables in the diet, to promote health and prevent disease. Similar recommendations may soon be targeted at even younger Americans: the B-24 Project, led by the US Department of Health and Human Services and the USDA, is currently evaluating evidence to include infants and children from birth to 2 y of age in the dietary guidelines. This article reviews the underinvestigated behavioral phenomena surrounding how to introduce vegetables and fruits into infants' diets, for which there is much medical lore but, to our knowledge, little evidence-based research. Because the chemical senses are the major determinants of whether young children will accept a food (e.g., they eat only what they like), these senses take on even greater importance in understanding the bases for food choices in children. We focus on early life, in contrast with many other studies that attempt to modify food habits in older children and thus may miss sensitive periods that modulate long-term acceptance. Our review also takes into consideration ontogeny and sources of individual differences in taste perception, in particular, the role of genetic variation in bitter taste perception. PMID:26773029

  13. The influence of organizational culture on organizational preferences towards the choice of organizational change strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizational culture, through its assumptions, values, norms and symbols, determines the way in which the members of an organization perceive and interpret the reality within and around their organization, as well as the way they behave in that reality. For this reason we may assume that organizational culture has an impact on the way in which an organization changes, and that matching of organizational culture and change strategy will improve the efficiency of the change process. In this paper specific hypotheses about the causal relationship between certain types of organizational culture and certain change strategies are formulated. Types of organizational culture are differentiated according to Handy’s and Trompenaars’ classifications. Organizational change strategies have been differentiated according to previous work of Chin & Benne but one more strategy has been added. Classifications of both the organizational cultures and of the organizational change strategies are based on the same criteria of differentiation: distribution of power in an organization and orientation toward relationships or tasks. For this reason it is possible to formulate hypotheses about the causal relationship between certain types of organizational cultures and certain types of organizational change strategies. Thus, eight hypotheses are formulated in this paper, relating particular change strategies with particular types of organizational culture.

  14. The influence of organizational culture on organizational preferences towards the choice of organizational change strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2012-01-01

    Organizational culture, through its assumptions, values, norms and symbols, determines the way in which the members of an organization perceive and interpret the reality within and around their organization, as well as the way they behave in that reality. For this reason we may assume that organizational culture has an impact on the way in which an organization changes, and that matching of organizational culture and change strategy will improve the efficiency of the change process. In ...

  15. The Effects of Organizational Training on Organizational Commitment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulut, Cagri; Culha, Osman

    2010-01-01

    This empirical study investigated the impact of organizational training on employee commitment focusing on employees' emotional and affective responses towards their organization. Organizational training is conceptualized within a multidimensional framework consisting of motivation for training, access to training, benefits from training and…

  16. Workplace Based Assessment in an Asian Context: Trainees’ and Trainers’ Perception of Validity, Reliability, Feasibility, Acceptability, and Educational Impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackson Tan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Workplace based assessment (WPBA is commonplace in postgraduate training in many countries but is not widely practised and established in Asia. The WPBA tools that are used by the local programme are Mini-Clinical Examination (Mini-CEX, Directly Observed Practical Skills (DOPSs, Multisource Feedback (MSF, and Case Based Discussion (CBD. This cross-sectional study utilised a questionnaire to obtain feedback from both assessors and trainees. Participants rated the tools on a 5-point scale on validity, reliability, feasibility, educational impact, and acceptability. 30 assessors and 23 trainees participated in the study. The percentages of adequate ratings given by trainees for validity, reliability, feasibility, educational impact, and acceptability were 100%, 99%, 91%, 100%, and 100%, respectively, for all tools. There was no difference in perceptions between trainees and assessors for all WPBA tools except MSF (p<0.05. The common themes that have arisen suggested that applicability of WPBA could be affected by faculty development, endorsement from governing bodies, pervading cultural mindsets, and the complex relationships between doctors and patients; teachers and students; and educators and clinicians. The high level of satisfaction from our respondents indicates that WPBA can be successfully integrated in an Asian postgraduate training programme despite systemic, cultural, and language barriers.

  17. Organizational Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Travis

    2013-01-01

    Helping principals understand the importance of organizational justice is the first step in enhancing learning outcomes for all learners, regardless of their social class, race, abilities, sex, or gender. In schools, organizational justice may be defined as teachers' perceptions of fairness, respect, and equity that relate to their…

  18. Organizational Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Ole Henning; Grande, Bård

    1996-01-01

    The paper focuses on the concept of organizational networks. Four different uses of the concept are identified and critically discussed.......The paper focuses on the concept of organizational networks. Four different uses of the concept are identified and critically discussed....

  19. Organizational Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beriwal, Madhu; Clegg, Stewart; Collopy, Fred; McDaniel, Reuben, Jr.; Morgan, Gareth; Sutcliffe, Kathleen; Kaufman, Roger; Marker, Anthony; Selwyn, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of organizational science, broadly defined as including many fields--organizational behavior and development, management, workplace performance, and so on--were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might…

  20. ORGANIZATIONAL CAMPAIGNING

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertel, Frederik

    2015-01-01

    approach will in be named: organizational campaigning and means (e.g. Kotter, 2012, p. 9 and Clegg, Kornberger & Pitsis, 2009) that the manager takes control with communication and communication cannels in order to ensure successful organizational changes. Since the changes were not succeeding the approach...

  1. Organizational Campaigning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hertel, Frederik

    2015-01-01

    approach will in be named: organizational campaigning and means (e.g. Kotter, 2012, p. 9 and Clegg, Kornberger & Pitsis, 2009) that the manager takes control with communication and communication cannels in order to ensure successful organizational changes. Since the changes were not succeeding the approach...

  2. LHC physics debris collimation studies and their impact on AFP detectors acceptance

    CERN Document Server

    Roncarolo, F; Potter, K; Bussey, P; Bracco, C

    2011-01-01

    The ATLAS Forward Proton (AFP) group is proposing to upgrade the forward region of ATLAS by installing forward proton detectors at 220 m and 420 m from the interaction point on both sides of the LHC ATLAS experiment. For this purpose, at both the 420 m and 220 m locations, it is proposed to install movable beam pipes which will host silicon tracking and fast timing detectors (i.e. four independent detector stations). The experimental acceptance at 220 m is dependent upon the setting of two collimators designed to protect the LHC straight section and dispersion suppressor around ATLAS (and CMS) from the physics debris generated at the two high luminosity experiments. This note presents the result of tracking studies showing that the installation of a new collimator in front of the Q6 magnet (or the displacement at this of location of the second of the already existing collimators) would ensure an improved protection of the LHC machine while allowing the AFP experiment at 220m.

  3. Social Acceptance of Wind Energy: Managing and Evaluating Its Market Impacts (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baring-Gould, I.

    2012-06-01

    As with any industrial-scale technology, wind power has impacts. As wind technology deployment becomes more widespread, a defined opposition will form as a result of fear of change and competing energy technologies. As the easy-to-deploy sites are developed, the costs of developing at sites with deployment barriers will increase, therefore increasing the total cost of power. This presentation provides an overview of wind development stakeholders and related stakeholder engagement questions, Energy Department activities that provide wind project deployment information, and the quantification of deployment barriers and costs in the continental United States.

  4. Conceptualization of Organizational Innovation Orientation and Its Impacts on Organizational Innovation Performance%组织创新导向的内涵及其对组织创新绩效的影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李悦

    2012-01-01

    There has been a mix of conceptualization and meaning about innovation orientation. Based on the analysis of the existed literature , innovation orientation is delineated as an action logic which is comprised of innovation orientation, learning philosophy and creative climate cultivation. How innovation orientation drives organizational innovation action, which in turn influences organizational innovation performance is discussed, and innovation orientation is empirically showed to have significant positive impacts on innovation performance.%培育组织创新导向对于提升组织创新绩效具有重要意义,但现有研究对于组织创新导向的内涵并未形成统一、清晰的认识.在回顾现有研究的基础上,该文对组织创新导向的内涵进行了深入分析,验证了组织创新导向由“学习驱动”、“氛围塑造”和“创新承诺”这三个核心要素构成.分析了组织创新导向对组织创新绩效的影响机制,并验证了组织创新导向对组织创新绩效具有显著的正向影响.

  5. Organizational Knowledge Management Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walczak, Steven

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: To propose and evaluate a novel management structure that encourages knowledge sharing across an organization. Design/methodology/approach: The extant literature on the impact of organizational culture and its link to management structure is examined and used to develop a new knowledge sharing management structure. Roadblocks to…

  6. Biotechnological innovation impacts, social and ethical aspects and public acceptability; Sicurezza, implicazioni etico-sociali e percezione pubblica delle biotecnologie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Capuano, V. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Innovazione

    1997-11-01

    Biotechnology is a highly distinctive area of scientific activity and its applications can strongly influence human life. Biotechnological innovations impact on sanitary, environmental, social, ethical and economic aspects and it is particularly important a greater public understanding of biotechnology issues in the view of increasing its acceptability. Knowledge and acceptance do not go always in the same direction, as the last is influenced by various complex factors, but without a knowledgeable public there can be no effective democratic agreement. So it appears important that scientific community and industry can promote and diffuse more knowledge among citizens and consumers, taking into account also of social and ethical issues raised by public and public interest groups. In this report bio safety of biotechnology applications and social and ethical issues are analyzed. They receive much attention in the discussion in the biotechnology arena (scientists, industry, institutions and the public). In particular health and environmental risks, gene therapy, transgenic animals, patent issues and genetic resources access, consumers rights are considered. Since the media are central to the dissemination of information and views about science, is has been evidenced their role, in addition to a short analysis of public perception and communication strategies.

  7. 组织支持感对组织公民行为的影响机制--基于心理资本中介效应模型的研究%The Impact of Perceived Organizational Support on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors---A Study based on Psychological Capital Mediating Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红丽; 胡成林

    2015-01-01

    组织支持感对组织公民行为的影响作用已经得到管理者与研究者的重视,然而组织支持感通过怎样的具体机制影响组织公民行为尚未得到系统阐释。本文通过对467个企业员工进行问卷调查,探讨了组织支持感、心理资本以及主动性人格对组织公民行为的影响机制,结果表明:组织支持感显著正向影响心理资本与组织公民行为;心理资本显著正向影响组织公民行为,且心理资本在组织支持感与组织公民行为的关系中起完全中介作用;主动性人格在心理资本与组织公民行为的关系中起正向调节作用,同时,主动性人格还调节着心理资本对组织支持感与组织公民行为关系的中介效应。%The effects of perceived organizational support on organizational citizenship behaviors have attracted managers and researchers′attention, however, studies on the mechanisms between perceived organizational support and organiza-tional citizenship behaviors remain inconclusive and undeveloped.On the basis of 467 survey samples, this paper empir-ically investigates how the perceived organizational support, psychological capital and proactive personality affect organi-zational citizenship behaviors.Results show that perceived organizational support has significant positive effect on psycho-logical capital and organizational citizenship behaviors;psychological capital has a significant positive impact on organiza-tional citizenship behaviors, and also fully plays a mediating role in the relationship between perceived organizational support and organizational citizenship behaviors;proactive personality plays a positive moderation role in the relationship between psychological capital and organizational citizenship behaviors, furthermore, proactive personality also moderates the mediating role of psychological capital in the relationship between perceived organizational support and organizational citizenship

  8. Organizational Justice and the Intent to Share: Knowledge Sharing Practices among Forensic Experts in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Can, Ahmet

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Organizational climate and organization culture can be some of the leading factors in hindering knowledge sharing within the organization. It is generally accepted that successful knowledge management practice, including knowledge sharing, comes as a result of a conducive and knowledge sharing friendly environment. Organizations that promote and reward collective work generate a trustful and a more collaborative learning culture. The perception of fairness in an organization has been considered an important indicator of employee behavior, attitude, and motivation. This study investigates organizational justice perception and its impact on knowledge sharing practices among forensic experts in the Turkish National Police. The study findings revealed that senior officers, who are experts in the field, have the strongest organizational justice perception. Meanwhile, noncommissioned officers or technicians bear positive but comparatively weaker feelings about the existence of justice within the organization. The study argues that those who satisfy their career expectations tend to have a higher organizational justice perception.

  9. Organizational Blogging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerdal-Hjermind, Annette

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to address and discuss implications of blog usage in a corporate communication context from an employees’ perspective by analyzing the local context and the underlying motivations of corporate blogging as they are being discursively constructed by a group of organizat...... of organizational bloggers. The paper presents findings from a case study of a government agency’s corporate blogging activity, traced through focus group interviews with the organizational bloggers....

  10. Dogs on the Move: Factors Impacting Animal Shelter and Rescue Organizations' Decisions to Accept Dogs from Distant Locations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Kaitlyn E; Hoffman, Christy L

    2016-01-01

    Long-distance dog transfer programs are a topic of burgeoning interest in the animal welfare community, but little research has focused on such programs. This exploratory study, which surveyed 193 individuals associated with animal shelter and rescue organizations in the United States, evaluated factors that impacted organizations' decisions to transfer in dogs over long distances (>100 miles) and assessed what criteria were commonly valued by destination organizations. Specifically, we examined the following aspects of long-distance transfer programs: (1) logistics of long-distance dog transfers; (2) factors impacting dog selection; (3) medical requirements; (4) partnerships formed between source and destination organizations; and (5) perceptions of long-distance dog transfer programs by individuals affiliated with the destination organizations. This study revealed that many logistical considerations factor into transfer decisions and the formation of healthy partnerships between source and destination organizations. Participants indicated their organization's willingness to receive dogs of various sizes, coat colors and ages, but organizations often had restrictions regarding the breeds they would accept. Study findings indicate some organizations have strict quarantine policies and pre-transfer medical requirements, while others have no such requirements. PMID:26848694

  11. Dogs on the Move: Factors Impacting Animal Shelter and Rescue Organizations’ Decisions to Accept Dogs from Distant Locations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaitlyn E. Simmons

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Long-distance dog transfer programs are a topic of burgeoning interest in the animal welfare community, but little research has focused on such programs. This exploratory study, which surveyed 193 individuals associated with animal shelter and rescue organizations in the United States, evaluated factors that impacted organizations’ decisions to transfer in dogs over long distances (>100 miles and assessed what criteria were commonly valued by destination organizations. Specifically, we examined the following aspects of long-distance transfer programs: (1 logistics of long-distance dog transfers; (2 factors impacting dog selection; (3 medical requirements; (4 partnerships formed between source and destination organizations; and (5 perceptions of long-distance dog transfer programs by individuals affiliated with the destination organizations. This study revealed that many logistical considerations factor into transfer decisions and the formation of healthy partnerships between source and destination organizations. Participants indicated their organization’s willingness to receive dogs of various sizes, coat colors and ages, but organizations often had restrictions regarding the breeds they would accept. Study findings indicate some organizations have strict quarantine policies and pre-transfer medical requirements, while others have no such requirements.

  12. Entrepreneurial Orientation of Community College Workforce Divisions and the Impact of Organizational Structure: A Grounded Theory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiefen, Kathleen M.

    2010-01-01

    This research focused on how organizational structure of community colleges influenced the entrepreneurial orientation of deans, directors, vice presidents, and vice chancellors of workforce units. Using grounded theory methodology, the researcher identified three emergent theories applicable to both integrated and separate workforce units. These…

  13. How the Organizational Learning Process Mediates the Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management Practices on Performance in Korean Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Sei Hyoung; Song, Ji Hoon; Yun, Suk Chun; Lee, Cheol Ki

    2013-01-01

    The primary purpose of this research is to examine the structural relationships among several workplace-related constructs, including strategic human resource management (HRM) practices, organizational learning processes, and performance improvement in the Korean business context. More specifically, the research examined the mediating effect of…

  14. Administrators' Power Usage Styles and Their Impact on the Organizational Culture in Colleges of Education: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozcan, Kenan; Karatas, Ibrahim Hakan; Caglar, Çaglar; Polat, Murat

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to determine how power usage styles of administrators of faculties of education influence the organizational culture in their respective faculties in Turkey. Using the phenomenological method, a qualitative research method, researchers studied a group comprised of 20 academics from 7 different colleges of…

  15. The impact of psychosocial and organizational working conditions on the mental health of female cleaning personnel in Norway

    OpenAIRE

    Sandanger Inger; Nygård Jan F; Gamperiene Migle; Wærsted Morten; Bruusgaard Dag

    2006-01-01

    Background This study examined the association between psychosocial and organizational work conditions and mental health among women employed in the cleaning profession in Norway. Methods Self-report questionnaires were mailed to 661 cleaning staff personnel from seven cleaning organizations in seven different cities across Norway. The response rate was 64%, of which 374 (88%) respondents were women. ...

  16. The impact of market orientation, product advantage, and launch proficiency on new product performance and organizational performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Robben, H.S.J.; Langerak, F.; Hultink, E.J.

    2004-01-01

    Some scholars have suggested recently that a market-oriented culture leads to superior performance, at least in part, because of the new products that are developed and are brought to market. Others have reinforced this wisdom by revealing that a market-oriented culture enhances organizational innov

  17. The Impact of Structured On-the-Job Training (S-OJT) on a Trainer's Organizational Commitment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Daeyeon

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the causal relationships between S-OJT trainer preparation, self-efficacy as a trainer, trainers' delivery of S-OJT, and organizational commitment as a consequence of employing S-OJT. This study proposed a theoretical model from the review of related literature and then empirically investigated the fitness…

  18. Long-Term Youth Criminal Outcomes in MST Transport: The Impact of Therapist Adherence and Organizational Climate and Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenwald, Sonja K.; Chapman, Jason E.; Sheidow, Ashli J.; Carter, Rickey E.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated relations among therapist adherence to an evidence-based treatment for youth with serious antisocial behavior (i.e., Multisystemic Therapy), organizational climate and structure, and youth criminal charges on average 4 years posttreatment. Participants were 1,979 youth and families treated by 429 therapists across 45…

  19. A Study of the Impact of Perceived Organizational Justice on Employee\\\\\\'s Social Capital (Case Study: Health Network of Noshahr City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Nasr Esfahani

    2013-07-01

    In recent years, increasing attention to the issue of organizational justice and its impacts on organizational outcome has urged organizations to strive for organizational justice in order to survive and reach their objectives. Perceiving injustice has a destructive impact on teamwork spirit and motivation of employees. Injustice and unfair distribution of organization's outputs and achievements demoralize employees and diminish their motivation to be active and assiduous. Besides, it probably reduces performance, production and commitment to the organization. In fact, justice does not mean to assign a single standard for all members. Rather, it means that we must enact responsibilities in certain conditions and act upon them in a fair way. Organizational justice determines how the employees must be treated so they feel they are being treated with justice. According to Lopaciuk (2011, p.63, while organizational justice have a positive effect on an organization's manpower in achieving objectives of employees and the organization, the employees' social capital is also instrumental in a way that chances of success in an organization with high levels of social capital is much more than those organization in which social capital is low. Social capital is a kind of latent wealth and property which is the result of mental preparedness of members of a society to give up their personal interests and engage in collaborative action. It could be considered as a manageable phenomenon in the sense that we can restructure it according to policies of the organization or help the process of its formation. Unlike other kinds of capital, social capital does not exist physically. Rather, it is the result of group and social norms and interactions whose increase causes the reduction of operational costs of the organization. Social capital is generative in nature and urges people to preserve values, perform tasks correctly, reach their goals and accomplish their life plans. In other

  20. Empirical Study on Impact of Organizational Silence on Organizational Commitment in Enterprises%企业组织沉默对组织承诺影响的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何丽红; 张文娟; 杜军丽

    2011-01-01

    This paper argues that organizational silence as the antecedent variables of organizational commitment and the organizational commitment as the consequence variables of the organizational silence,build the structural equation mode of affecting between the dimensions of organizational commitment and the dimensions of organizational silence.Using structural equation model and combining with 258 employees three cities as the research object of research,from the perspective of empirical study,it analyzes the influence the dimensions of organizational silence on the dimensions of organizational commitment.It has been found that there are significant negative influences of the dimensions of organizational silence on the dimensions of organizational commitment.The paper further more discusses the study's management of the research results.%以组织沉默作为组织承诺的前因变量、组织承诺作为组织沉默的后果变量来构建组织沉默各维度对组织承诺各维度影响的结构方程模型,在运用结构方程模型的分析方法并运用相关软件处理调查研究数据的基础上,从实证的视角检验了组织沉默各维度对组织承诺各维度的负向影响效应。

  1. Impact of temperature and humidity on acceptability of indoor air quality during immediate and longer whole-body exposures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fang, Lei; Clausen, Geo; Fanger, Povl Ole

    1997-01-01

    Acceptability of clean air and air polluted by building materials was studied in climate chambers with different levels of air temperature and humidity in the ranges 18-28°C and 30-70%. The immediate acceptability after entering a chamber and the acceptability during a 20-minute whole-body exposure...

  2. Organizational Identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hatch, Mary Jo; Schultz, Majken

    This text presents the classic works on organizational identity alongside more current thinking on the issues. Ranging from theoretical contributions to empirical studies, the readings in this volume address the key issues of organizational identity, and show how these issues have developed through...... contributions from such diverse fields of study as sociology, psychology, management studies and cultural studies. The readings examine questions such as how organizations understand who they are, why organizations develop a sense of identity and belonging, where the boundaries of identity lie...... and the implications of postmodern and critical theories' challenges to the concept of identity as deeply-rooted and authentic....

  3. Organizational Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian HUDREA

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Cultural orientations of an organization can be its greatest strength, providing the basis for problem solving, cooperation, and communication. Culture, however, can also inhibit needed changes. Cultural changes typically happen slowly – but without cultural change, many other organizational changes are doomed to fail. The dominant culture of an organization is a major contributor to its success. But, of course, no organizational culture is purely one type or another. And the existence of secondary cultures can provide the basis for change. Therefore, organizations need to understand the cultural environments and values.

  4. The Mediating Role of Organizational Citizenship Behavior between Organizational Identification and Its Consequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patnaik, Siddharth; Biswas, Soumendu

    2005-01-01

    This study was conducted to assess the impact of organizational identification on consequences like job satisfaction and turnover intention of organizational members. It also explored the mediational role played by organizational citizenship behavior in the relationship. Using a sample (n=127) of Indian employees, this current study makes a…

  5. Responsible technology acceptance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Madeleine Broman; Schuitema, Geertje; Thøgersen, John

    2014-01-01

    in terms of a positive impact for society and the environment. Therefore, we expect that Smart Grid technology acceptance can be better explained when the well-known technology acceptance parameters included in the Technology Acceptance Model are supplemented by moral norms as suggested by the Norm...... Activation Model. We tested this proposition by means of an online survey of Danish (N=323), Norwegian (N=303) and Swiss (N=324) private consumers. The study confirms that adding personal norms to the independent variables of the Technology Acceptance Model leads to a significant increase in the explained...... on private consumers’ acceptance of having Smart Grid technology installed in their home. We analyse acceptance in a combined framework of the Technology Acceptance Model and the Norm Activation Model. We propose that individuals are only likely to accept Smart Grid technology if they assess usefulness...

  6. Impacts of School Organizational Restructuring Into a Collaborative Setting on the Nature of Emerging Forms of Collegiality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerald Fallon

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This case study tells the story of an elementary school staff on the west coast of Canada that decided to address their perceived problem of teacher isolation by transforming the internal organization of their school into a collaborative environment designed to foster collegial practices among themselves. The main guiding question of this study was: can a collaborative organizational structure facilitate and sustain a level of collegiality in which people feel safe from attack, where difficult questions are addressed, and where the status quo can be safely challenged? In this study, the transformation of organizational structure of the school elicited and molded, to an extent, the professional behaviours of members of the staff into professional collegial patterns of interactions. However, we have found that educators seemed to have made individual choices to maintain a certain degree of isolation, of privacy, shielding themselves from reflective inquiry and criticism.

  7. The Impact of Non-profit Organization Service Orientation on Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Organizational Performance%非营利组织服务导向对组织公民行为与组织绩效的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈鹏熠; 张雅

    2016-01-01

    文章基于非营利组织主管和员工的问卷调查,实证分析了非营利组织服务导向对组织公民行为与组织绩效的影响机制.结果表明,非营利组织服务导向由员工个性管理、顾客关系管理、服务接触管理、人力资源管理和服务系统管理五维度构成;员工个性管理、顾客关系管理、服务接触管理、人力资源管理对员工工作满意度有积极影响,员工个性管理、顾客关系管理、人力资源管理、服务系统管理对组织承诺有积极影响;员工工作满意度对组织承诺和组织公民行为有积极影响,组织承诺对组织公民行为和组织绩效有积极影响,组织公民行为对组织绩效有积极影响.可见,非营利组织服务导向是通过员工工作满意度和组织承诺对组织公民行为和组织绩效产生间接影响的.另外,多群组结构方程模型分析发现,非营利组织特征变量在不同假设路径中的影响存在显著差异.%The paper,based on the questionnaire survey of non-profit organization supervisors and employees,makes an empirical analysis on the influencing mechanism of non-profit organization service orientation on organizational citizenship behavior and organizational performance. The results indicate that non-profit organization service orientation consists of five dimensions:employee personality management,customer relationship management,service encounter management,human resources management and service system management. Employee personality management,customer relationship management, service encounter management and human resources management have positive impacts on employee job satisfaction ,while employee personality management,customer relationship management,human resources management and service system management have positive impacts on organizational commitment. Meanwhile,employee job satisfaction has a positive impact on organizational commitment and organizational citizenship

  8. 非营利组织服务导向对组织公民行为与组织绩效的影响%The Impact of Non-profit Organization Service Orientation on Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Organizational Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈鹏熠; 张雅

    2016-01-01

    The paper,based on the questionnaire survey of non-profit organization supervisors and employees,makes an empirical analysis on the influencing mechanism of non-profit organization service orientation on organizational citizenship behavior and organizational performance. The results indicate that non-profit organization service orientation consists of five dimensions:employee personality management,customer relationship management,service encounter management,human resources management and service system management. Employee personality management,customer relationship management, service encounter management and human resources management have positive impacts on employee job satisfaction ,while employee personality management,customer relationship management,human resources management and service system management have positive impacts on organizational commitment. Meanwhile,employee job satisfaction has a positive impact on organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior,organizational commitment has a positive impact on organizational citizenship behavior and organizational performance,and organizational citizenship behavior has a positive impact on organizational performance. Therefore,non-profit organization service orientation has an indirect impact on organi-zational citizenship behavior and organizational performance through employee job satisfaction and organizational commit-ment. In addition,the analysis of multi group structural equation model shows that the impacts of non-profit organization characteristic variables varies significantly in different hypothetical paths.%文章基于非营利组织主管和员工的问卷调查,实证分析了非营利组织服务导向对组织公民行为与组织绩效的影响机制.结果表明,非营利组织服务导向由员工个性管理、顾客关系管理、服务接触管理、人力资源管理和服务系统管理五维度构成;员工个性管理、顾客关系管理、服务接触管

  9. The Influence of Organizational Culture on Market Orientation, with Emphasis on the Mediator Role of Organizational Conflict (Case Study: The Furniture Industry in Mashhad City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habibolah Doaei

    2013-08-01

    To analyze the hypothesis of a two-step approach suggested by Anderson and Jerbing (1988, structural equation modeling is used. Firstly, the model can be fitted to measure and confirm the measurement model. In the second step of the analysis, assumptions are tested. The fit criteria are the most important steps in the analysis of structural equation modeling. According to research findings, the fitted values are acceptable; all fit indices show good condition. The results showed that the proposed structural model of the main goals of this study was fitted well. Another goal of this research is to provide a conceptual model for the analysis of assumptions as to provide key solutions. One of the purposes of determining the orientation of organizational culture has a significant impact in investigating the first hypothesis. This hypothesis was confirmed with the following three sub-hypothesis. There is no direct link between corporate culture and orientation of its existence. Another objective of the present study was to determine the significant impact of organizational culture on organizational conflicts that was shown in the second hypothesis. This hypothesis was confirmed. In fact, we can say that organizational culture can serve as a powerful resource for increasing the competitive position of the organization. Ultimately, the goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of organizational conflict as a mediator variable in the relationship between organizational culture and marker orientation. The analysis was performed using the indicated Organizational conflict as a mediator and it can tell how significant the role of organizational culture on market orientation is.

  10. Employee Reviews on Company Independent Sites and its Impact on Organizational Attractiveness: Role of Information Realism, Person – Environment Fit and Source Credibility Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tavleen Kaur

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Extant literature on recruitment has focused on the traditional sources of recruitment like company brochures, career fairs, and impact of such sources on intent to join the organization, productivity and turnover intention. The influence of recruitment related information on pre hire outcomes is still scarce and inconclusive. With the advent of technology and access to Internet, company websites have become an important source of recruitment. Apart from company websites, job seekers are now using company independent websites, forums or online communities to gather a more truthful picture and information about the job and organizational attributes. Social media too has become increasingly important medium where the current employees’ share how it is to work with the organization However research on web based recruitment is limited to company websites. Despite the widespread growth and practical use of these new and innovative media very little is known about how these independent sites influence recruitment pre hire outcomes. In this direction the proposed study presents a conceptual framework about how job seekers perceive company independent websites as a tool for providing recruitment communication and their impact on organizational attractiveness using Information Realism, Person-Environment fit framework, Source Credibility framework.

  11. The impact of ISO 9001:2008 quality management system implementation on organizational performance of the Nuclear Regulatory Division of Philippine Nuclear Research Institute

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report aims to determine the perception of Nuclear Regulatory Division staff of the Phiippine Nuclear Research Institute on the implementation of ISO 9001-2008 Quality Management System in terms of the eight quality management principles, its effect to their process performance and its impact to NRD organizational performance. Likewise, it aims to determine if there are direct relationshops between the ISO-QMS implementation, the process performance, and organizational performance in terms of customers' satisfaction. Two survey instruments were used for quantitative data collection from two groups of respondents, i.e., the NRD staff for their perception and as internal customers and the licenses (holder of valid radioactive material license) as the external customers. All items were measured on a 4-point Likert Scale ranging from 1 as Strongly Disagree/Strongly Dissatisfied to 4 Strongly Agree/Strongly Satisfied. The data were analyzed statistically by means of Microsoft Ofice Excel and Statistical Analysis Software (SAS). Linear regression was used to test the hypotheses. The results show that the perception of the NRD staff are agreeable with the implementation of the ISO 9001:2008 in their organization which indicated 'customer focused' and 'process approach' as the strength of the practices while 'leadership' and 'mutually beneficial supplier relationship' as the weakest. Data on NRD staff perceptions of ISO 9001:2008 also show that QMS implementation has improved the effectiveness and efficiency of their core business processes which impacted on the organizational performance. The external customers rated 'competence', 'courtesy' and 'credibility' as the three highest attributes of NRD service quality which denote their full trust and confidence to NRD as a nuclear regulatory body. Meanwhile, the same external customers rated 'tangibles', 'reliability' and 'access' as the lowest attributes. Furthermore, the results also show a significant and strong

  12. Social support moderates the impact of demands on burnout and organizational connectedness: a two-wave study of volunteer firefighters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huynh, Jasmine Y; Xanthopoulou, Despoina; Winefield, Anthony H

    2013-01-01

    This two-wave study of volunteers examined the effect of family and friend support on the relationship between volunteer demands (emotional demands and work-home conflict) on the one hand, and burnout (exhaustion and cynicism) and organizational connectedness on the other hand. It was hypothesized that family and friend support would moderate the relationship between (a) demands at Time 1 (T1) and burnout at Time 2 (T2); and (b) demands at T1 and organizational connectedness at T2. Hypotheses were tested among 126 Australian volunteer firefighters, who were followed up over 1 year. Results showed that support moderated the relationship between work-home conflict and exhaustion, but not between emotional demands and exhaustion. In addition, family and friend support moderated the relationship between both volunteer demands at T1 and cynicism and organizational connectedness at T2. These results suggest that support from family and friends is a critical resource in coping with the demands related to volunteer work and may protect volunteers from burnout, while helping them to stay connected to volunteering. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23276192

  13. Organizational factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following organizational factors are considered with respect to the human factor and operating safety of nuclear power plants: external influences; objectives and strategy; positions and ways of management; allocation of resources; working with human resources; operators' training; coordination of work; knowledge of organization and management; proceduralization of the topic; labour organizing culture; self-improvement system; and communication. (P.A.)

  14. Organizational justice, trust, and identification and their effects on organizational commitment in hospital nursing staff

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Su-Yueh; Wu, Wen-Chuan; Chang, Ching-Sheng; Lin, Chia-Tzu; Kung, Jung-Yuan; Weng, Hui-Ching; Lin, Yu-Tz; Lee, Shu-I

    2015-01-01

    Background It is of importance and urgency for hospitals to retain excellent nursing staff in order to improve patient satisfaction and hospital performance. However, it was found that simply increasing the salary is not the best method to resolve the problem of lacking nursing staff; it is necessary to focus on the impact of non-monetary factors. The delicate relationship between organizational justice, organizational trust, organizational identification, and organizational commitment requir...

  15. Active CO2 Reservoir Management for Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Sequestration: Impact on Permitting, Monitoring, and Public Acceptance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buscheck, T. A.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y.; Hao, Y.; Court, B.; Celia, M. A.; Wolery, T.; Aines, R. D.

    2011-12-01

    extent of the pressure perturbation, substantially reducing both the Area of Review (AoR) and interactions with neighboring subsurface activities. This will reduce pore-space competition between neighboring subsurface activities, allowing for independent planning, assessment, and permitting. Because post-injection pressure buildup is virtually eliminated, this could have a major impact on post-injection monitoring requirements. Reducing the volume of rock over which brine can migrate may significantly affect site characterization requirements, as well as the impact of parametric and conceptual model uncertainties, such as those related to abandoned wells. ACRM-CCUS has the potential of playing a beneficial role in site-characterization, permitting, and monitoring activities, and in gaining public acceptance. This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.

  16. The Impact of Employee Information Privacy Concerns on Organizational Human Resource Management%员工信息隐私关注对组织人力资源管理实践的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨宏玲; 张婷; 赵妍

    2013-01-01

    网络环境和信息技术的发展使个人隐私面临巨大挑战。本文从组织内部员工信息隐私关注的角度,研究其对组织信任、组织公民行为和员工满意度的影响。结构方程模型分析的结果表明,员工信息隐私关注对其组织信任有显著的负向影响;信息隐私关注通过组织信任对组织公民行为有一定的影响;信息隐私关注不仅对员工满意度有直接的影响,也通过组织信任对其有间接的影响。%As the development of Network environment and information technology, personal privacy faces great challenges. This paper studies information privacy concerns from the internal staff and its impact on organizational trust, organizational citizenship behavior and employee satisfaction. Structural equation modeling analysis shows that the employee information privacy concerns have a significant negative impact on organizational trust; information privacy concerns have a certain impact on organizational citizenship behavior through organizational trust; information privacy concerns not only have a direct impact on employee satisfaction but also have an indirect impact through organizational trust.

  17. Inter-Organizational Coordination, IT Support, and Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QU Gang; JI Shaobo; MIN Qingfei

    2008-01-01

    Manufacturing organizations must know how to deal with uncertainty, manage environmental impact, effectively coordinate with suppliers, and use information technology (IT) to support coordination. Applying cybernetics and information processing theories, this study explores the relationship between organizational environment, inter-organizational coordination, IT support, and the effectiveness of inter-organizational coordination. Using the case study method, data was collected from six manufacturing firms in China. The results show that inter-organizational system adoption is affected by organizational environment and is related to the management of inter-organizational coordination. Coordination and IT application affect the performance of inter-organizational coordination.

  18. Early Adoption of Innovative Analytical Approach and Its Impact on Organizational Analytics Maturity and Sustainability: A Longitudinal Study from a U.S. Pharmaceutical Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John C. Yi

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the impact of early adoption of an innovative analytics approach on organizational analytics maturity and sustainability. With the sales operation planning involving the accurate determination of physician detailing frequency, multiple product sequencing, nonlinear promotional response functions and achievement of the right level of share of voice (SOV, an analytical approach was developed by integrating domain knowledge, neural network (NN’s pattern-recognition capability and nonlinear mathematical programming to address these challenges. A pharmaceutical company headquartered in the U.S. championed this initial research in 2005 and became the first major firm to implement the recommendations. The company improved its profitability by 12% when piloted to a sales district with 481 physicians; then it launched this approach nationally. In 2014, the firm again gave us its data, performance of the analytical approach and access to key stakeholders to better understand the changes in the pharmaceutical sales operations landscape, the firm’s analytics maturity and sustainability of analytics. Results suggest that being the early adopter of innovation doubled the firm’s technology utilization from 2005 to 2014, as well as doubling the firm’s ability to continuously improve the sales operations process; it outperformed the standard industry practice by 23%. Moreover, the infusion of analytics from the corporate office to sales, improvement in management commitment to analytics, increased communications for continuous process improvement and the successes from this approach has created the environment for sustainable organizational growth in analytics.

  19. Banking Models Under the Impact of the Post-Crisis Organizational Changes Apt to Confer Sustainable Financial Stability - Romanian Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Gabriela Baicu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The global financial crisis led to substantial changes in the operating environment of banks. Reforming the regulatory framework of financial and banking activity and the increase role of state in banking systems in many countries are important factors that involve major changes in the organizing of banking activity, the strategies adopted, the business models practiced, etc. Based on these considerations, the paper examines trends in banking models after the 2007 crisis. The analysis of the banking models is performed from the perspective of the deep organizational changes that affected the banking environment and sustainable financial stability. The study focuses on the analysis of the banking sustenability and the business model in the Romanian banking system, in the context of the post-crisis organizational changes. The profound interdependence of the Romanian banking system with the banking systems of the European countries and the international tendencies in financial regulation are important factors that influence the business models of the Romanian banks. The banking model practiced in Romania continues to be the traditional one. Currently, the most important challenges of the Romanian banking system are the growth of the non-performing loans, the loans in foreign currency to unhedged borrowers, the pressure to meet the Basel III requirements, as well as the possibility that the exposure of foreign banks towards Romania to decrease.

  20. Applying Organizational Routines in understanding organizational change

    OpenAIRE

    Becker, Markus; Lazaric, Nathalie; Nelson, Richard; G. Winter, Sidney

    2005-01-01

    International audience Organizational routines are considered basic components of organizational behavior and repositories of Organizational capabilities (Nelson and Winter, 1982). They do, therefore, hold one of the keys to understanding organizational change. We identify problems encountered in such research and present proposal for how to deal with them, in order to advance our knowledge of routines and our understanding or organizational change. Developing these themes, we also introdu...

  1. The Impact of Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity and Organizational Climate on the Job Satisfaction of Academic Staff in Research-Intensive Universities in the UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, John

    2013-01-01

    This study focuses on academics in research-intensive universities in the UK and explores their perceptions of organizational climate, role conflict, role ambiguity and job satisfaction. The findings suggest that the universities have multiple organizational climates. Three organizational climate types -- the Clan, the Hierarchy and the Adhocracy…

  2. Typologizing Organizational Amnesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Othman, Rozhan; Hashim, Noor Azuan

    2004-01-01

    This article proposes that a major problem limiting an organization's ability to develop organizational learning capacity is of organizational amnesia. To understand organizational amnesia, it is necessary to look at the various ways that organizational learning is defined. Organizational learning is not merely the process of acquiring knowledge.…

  3. Impacts of National Political Processes on the Organizational Initiatives of Piaroa Women in the Colombo-Venezuelan Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivian Paulina Rosado Cárdenas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the incidence of the national political processes in the Colombia-Venezuela border on the organizational process of Piaroa indigenous women living along the middle Orinoco River. From their grassroots organizations, these women seek to cooperate amongst themselves and build a regional ethnic identity, without geopolitical borders, that allows them to strengthen their roles in their communities, in face of the current process of urbanization. However, the policies of the two countries offer different strategies for reclaiming and rebuilding this new cultural identity and for reassessing their position as indigenous women and citizens. This is made evident in their demands to the State and in the new ‘plans of life’ (planes de vida they have proposed for the future generations.  

  4. The impact of public service motivation in an international organization : job satisfaction and organizational commitment in the European Commission. Paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandenabeele, W.V.; Ban, C.

    2009-01-01

    Public service motivation has increasingly been accepted as a central construct in public personnel management and public HRM research. In recent years, research on public service motivation has grown substantially (Perry and Hondeghem, 2008) and has now reached a point where it finally lives up to

  5. ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE IN KNOWLEDGE-BASED FIRM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VLADIMIR-CODRIN IONESCU

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available For sustainable competitive advantages gain, modern organizations, knowledge-based, must promote a proactive and flexible management, permanently connected to change which occur in business environment. Contextually, the paper analyses impact factors of the environment which could determine a firm to initiate a programme strategic organizational change. Likewise, the paper identifies the main organizational variables involved in a changing process and emphasizes the essential role which managers and entrepreneurs have in substantiation, elaboration and implementation of organizational change models.

  6. SERVANT LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL TRUST: THE MEDIATING EFFECT OF THE LEADER TRUST AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morad Rezaei

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper aims to clarify the relationship between servant leadership and organizational trust, and tries to demonstrate the mediator role of leader trust and organizational communication in this relationship. The study sample included 258 employees of Guilan province Tax Administration and for sampling we used cluster method. Previous studies have also focused on the positive impact of servant leadership in organizational trust and in this article the results show that there is a significant relationship between servant leadership, organizational trust, leader trust and organizational communication.

  7. DSS FOR ORGANIZATIONAL DIAGNOSIS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    FROWEIN, JC; POSTMA, TJBM

    1992-01-01

    Information technology in relation to organizational diagnosis and organizational change is the subject of extensive and increasing discussion. A condition for change is insight into organizational problems. This paper discusses the relation between the concepts ''problem'', ''decision making'' and

  8. Dimensions of Organizational Coordination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Andreas Schmidt; Aldewereld, Huib; Dignum, Virginia

    2013-01-01

    be supported to include organizational objectives and constraints into their reasoning processes by considering two alternatives: agent reasoning and middleware regulation. We show how agents can use an organizational specification to achieve organizational objectives by delegating and coordinating...

  9. 组织支持对黑龙江省高等医学院校教师组织公平感及工作投入的影响%Impact of Organizational Support on Organizational Justice and Job Engagement of Teachers in Higher Medical Universities, Heilongjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段孝建; 樊立华; 邹路琦; 孙涛; 白诗萌; 葛思澳; 张薇; 关欣

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨组织支持对黑龙江省高等医学院校教师组织公平感及工作投入的影响及其作用机制。方法:采用问卷调查法收集数据,研究工具采用组织支持量表、组织公平量表及工作投入量表。结果:高等医学院校教师组织支持与组织公平感(β=0�653,P<0.01)和工作投入(β=0.268,P<0.01)呈积极的正向相关性,组织公平感在组织支持与工作投入关系间扮演完全中介作用(β=0.175,P<0.01)。结论:高等医学院校教师感知到的组织支持有助于提升其对组织公平的感知,进而正向激励其努力投入工作。%Objective:To explore impact and mechanism of organizational support on organizational justice and job engagement of teachers in higher medical university. Methods:Questionnaires were used to collect data,including organizational justice scale, organizational support scale and job engagement scale. Results:Organizational support and organizational justice (beta = 0. 653, P< 0. 01) was positive correlation with job engagement of teachers in higher medical university (beta = 0. 268, P< 0. 01), organizational justice play a full mediating role in the relation⁃ship between organizational support and job engagement (beta = 0. 175,P< 0. 01). Conclusion:Because of improving perception of organization justice of teachers in higher medical university through enhancing a sense of perceived organizational support, and to motivate them to work hard.

  10. Impact of Organizational Support on Organizational Justice and Job Engagement of Teachers in Higher Medical Universities, Heilongjiang%组织支持对黑龙江省高等医学院校教师组织公平感及工作投入的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段孝建; 樊立华; 邹路琦; 孙涛; 白诗萌; 葛思澳; 张薇; 关欣

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨组织支持对黑龙江省高等医学院校教师组织公平感及工作投入的影响及其作用机制。方法:采用问卷调查法收集数据,研究工具采用组织支持量表、组织公平量表及工作投入量表。结果:高等医学院校教师组织支持与组织公平感(β=0�653,P<0.01)和工作投入(β=0.268,P<0.01)呈积极的正向相关性,组织公平感在组织支持与工作投入关系间扮演完全中介作用(β=0.175,P<0.01)。结论:高等医学院校教师感知到的组织支持有助于提升其对组织公平的感知,进而正向激励其努力投入工作。%Objective:To explore impact and mechanism of organizational support on organizational justice and job engagement of teachers in higher medical university. Methods:Questionnaires were used to collect data,including organizational justice scale, organizational support scale and job engagement scale. Results:Organizational support and organizational justice (beta = 0. 653, P< 0. 01) was positive correlation with job engagement of teachers in higher medical university (beta = 0. 268, P< 0. 01), organizational justice play a full mediating role in the relation⁃ship between organizational support and job engagement (beta = 0. 175,P< 0. 01). Conclusion:Because of improving perception of organization justice of teachers in higher medical university through enhancing a sense of perceived organizational support, and to motivate them to work hard.

  11. Impact of a "TED-Style" presentation on potential patients' willingness to accept dental implant therapy: a one-group, pre-test post-test study

    OpenAIRE

    Ghanem, Henry; Afrashtehfar, Kelvin Ian; Abi-Nader, Samer; Tamimi, Faleh

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE A survey was conducted to assess the impact of a TED-like educational session on participants' willingness to accept dental implant therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Volunteers interested in having information about dental implant therapies were recruited and asked to complete a two-part survey before and after an educational session. The initial survey elicited demographic information, self-perceived knowledge on dental implants and willingness to this kind of treatment. A "TED-style" p...

  12. Organizational Learning as a Component of Organizational Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Ivana Simic

    2005-01-01

    Organizational intelligence represents intellectual ability of an organization which, in fact, integrates its humane and technical (informational and communicational) potentials that are used in solving concrete organizational problems. Critical components on which organizational intelligence is based are: organizational learning, organizational memory, organizational knowledge, organizational communication, and organizational conclusion. The aim of this paper, after determining the concepts ...

  13. The Impact of Organizational Factors on the Level of Work Ethic among State Office Employee (Case of Study: Khansar City Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrangiz Mohammadkhani

    2013-07-01

    The Results of the study show that there are relationships between organizational factors and level of work ethic and this relationships are positive and significant, but are weak. Among variables, meritocracy, style of management, environmental conditions of work have positive relationships with work ethic. Regression analysis of organizational factors and work ethic show that there is a linear relation between them. Adjusted r – squares change from .27 to .2 from model 1 to 3. Based on the third model, independent variables explain 27 percent of the variance of the dependent variable. According to standard regression coefficients, environmental conditions, meritocracy and style of management have the most impacts on dependent variable, respectively. The results show that relationships of all variables with work ethic are significant only when they are viewed with each other, but in regression model only environmental conditions, meritocracy and style of management had significant and linear relationships with work ethic. In the analysis of the relationship between meritocracy and work ethic, it could be said that when employees understand that without commitment and merit they cannot move to higher orders, they try to achieve merit with endeavor and education. Of course, this should be done in accordance with society’s dominant values. Inattention to merit, specialization and skill causes a weakness in spirit and domination of selfishness, Work environment conditions have also an important impact on job satisfaction. If suitable work environment conditions prevail in an organization, feelings of being valuable and likable are created among employees. In this respect, job security has more impact on work ethic by creating spiritual security at work environment. Unfortunately in our organizations, job satisfaction is weak. From one point of view, this is because historically the government has seen itself as competent for any action and can break its contracts

  14. A systematic review of patient acceptance of consumer health information technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Or, Calvin K L; Karsh, Ben-Tzion

    2009-01-01

    A systematic literature review was performed to identify variables promoting consumer health information technology (CHIT) acceptance among patients. The electronic bibliographic databases Web of Science, Business Source Elite, CINAHL, Communication and Mass Media Complete, MEDLINE, PsycArticles, and PsycInfo were searched. A cited reference search of articles meeting the inclusion criteria was also conducted to reduce misses. Fifty-two articles met the selection criteria. Among them, 94 different variables were tested for associations with acceptance. Most of those tested (71%) were patient factors, including sociodemographic characteristics, health- and treatment-related variables, and prior experience or exposure to computer/health technology. Only ten variables were related to human-technology interaction; 16 were organizational factors; and one was related to the environment. In total, 62 (66%) were found to predict acceptance in at least one study. Existing literature focused largely on patient-related factors. No studies examined the impact of social and task factors on acceptance, and few tested the effects of organizational or environmental factors on acceptance. Future research guided by technology acceptance theories should fill those gaps to improve our understanding of patient CHIT acceptance, which in turn could lead to better CHIT design and implementation. PMID:19390112

  15. Organizational wisdom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limas, Michael J; Hansson, Robert O

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, much theoretical and empirical attention has focused on wisdom as a psychological construct. The development of wisdom is viewed as a positive aspect of aging, but also has a complement to more traditionally-studied domains of intelligence. Two studies, involving a total of 327 adults, examined how our understanding of the construct might be furthered by its application into specific, problematic contexts, and by having its utility assessed. This involved: 1) development of an instrument that related the elements of wisdom to the context of work organizations; 2) identification of the primary ways in which wisdom contributes to well-being in work organizations; and 3) identification of types of organizations (organizational cultures) most likely to need and value wise persons of influence in their midst. Results suggest that wisdom is of greatest consequence when it fills an important gap in what is offered by the organization's (or society's) formal structure. Where the culture has developed more formal institutions, structure, and principles to guide its activities and ensure fairness in how people are treated, there may be less need for informal sources of organizational wisdom.

  16. Organizational Communication: ERIC Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boileau, Don M.

    1984-01-01

    Presents abstracts from "Resources in Education" on (1) teaching about women in organizational communication; (2) communication as part of job satisfaction; and (3) research in organizational communication. (PD)

  17. Psychological Flexibility, ACT, and Organizational Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Bond, Frank W.; Hayes, Steven C.; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot

    2006-01-01

    This paper offers organizational behavior management (OBM) a behavior analytically consistent way to expand its analysis of, and methods for changing, organizational behavior. It shows how Relational Frame Theory (RFT) suggests that common, problematic, psychological processes emerge from language itself, and they produce psychological inflexibility. Research suggests that an applied extension of RFT, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, has led to new interventions that increase psychological ...

  18. Computerized management information systems and organizational structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zannetos, Z. S.; Sertel, M. R.

    1970-01-01

    The computerized management of information systems and organizational structures is discussed. The subjects presented are: (1) critical factors favoring centralization and decentralization of organizations, (2) classification of organizations by relative structure, (3) attempts to measure change in organization structure, and (4) impact of information technology developments on organizational structure changes.

  19. A Psychoanalytic Approach to Organizational Diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark, Barbara

    1980-01-01

    Evaluation of leadership is a central task in organizational consultation, but too often ignores the relationship between task definition and administrative structure, and the availability of scarce resources. A systems approach focuses on the reciprocal impact of individual psychodynamics and organizational characteristics on leadership…

  20. 32 CFR 989.5 - Organizational relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Organizational relationships. 989.5 Section 989.5 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS PROCESS (EIAP) § 989.5 Organizational relationships. (a) The...

  1. The impact of ISO/TS 16949 on automotive industries and created organizational capabilities from its implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakhtiar Ostadi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available ISO/TS 16949 is an ISO Technical Specification. ISO/TS 16949 achieves the objectives which are continually to improve the production of automobile parts and related services, and to strengthen the international competition for the automotive industry and its suppliers. By applying this quality system standard, automotive manufacturers could offer superior products and good services to customers. The more the companies know about the benefits if quality management systems such as ISO/TS 16949, better they can seek interest and determine indices of these systems. So, this standard has been implemented in companies considering a number of benefits. In this paper, we carry out an empirical study in order to verify the importance these benefits and ranking them based on the value of importance. Finally, the study tends to provide a reference guide considering benefits assessment and created organizational capabilities from this standard for the automotive industry in pursuing ISO/TS 16949 and procuring maximum benefit from the results.

  2. Organizational Citizenship Behaviour - Source of Organizational Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Alecxandrina DEACONU; Lavinia RASCA

    2011-01-01

    Organizational performance has, over time, become a fundamental objective of managerial strategies. Its achievement is conditioned by thorough scientific research concerning the context in which it is obtained as well as the analysis of the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB) and the way it influences different dimensions of organizational involvement, organizational climate, work satisfaction and, consequently, business results. This study has a two-part structure: the firs...

  3. Acceptability, acceptance and decision making

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is a fundamental difference between the acceptability of a civilizatory or societal risk and the acceptability of the decision-making process that leads to a civilizatory or societal risk. The analysis of individual risk decisions - regarding who, executes when which indisputably hazardous, unhealthy or dangerous behaviour under which circumstances - is not helpful in finding solutions for the political decisions at hand in Germany concerning nuclear energy in particular or energy in general. The debt for implementation of any technology, in the sense of making the technology a success in terms of broad acceptance and general utilisation, lies with the particular industry involved. Regardless of the technology, innovation research identifies the implementation phase as most critical to the success of any innovation. In this sense, nuclear technology is at best still an innovation, because the implementation has not yet been completed. Fear and opposition to innovation are ubiquitous. Even the economy - which is often described as 'rational' - is full of this resistance. Innovation has an impact on the pivotal point between stability, the presupposition for the successful execution of decisions already taken and instability, which includes insecurity, but is also necessary for the success of further development. By definition, innovations are beyond our sphere of experience; not at the level of reliability and trust yet to come. Yet they are evaluated via the simplifying heuristics for making decisions proven not only to be necessary and useful, but also accurate in the familiar. The 'settlement of the debt of implementation', the accompanying communication, the decision-making procedures concerning the regulation of averse effects of the technology, but also the tailoring of the new technology or service itself must be directed to appropriate target groups. But the group often aimed at in the nuclear debate, the group, which largely determines political

  4. Creating a winning organizational culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Robert James

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the idea of how to create a winning organizational culture. By definition, a winning organizational culture is one that is able to make current innovations stick, while continuously changing based on the demands of the marketplace. More importantly, the article explores the notion that a winning organizational culture can have a profound impact on the conscious of the workforce, helping each individual to become a better, more productive person, who provides important services and products to the community. To form a basis toward defining the structure of what a winning organization culture looks like, 4 experts were asked 12 questions related to the development of an organizational culture. Three of the experts have worked intimately within the health care industry, while a fourth has been charged with turning around an organization that has had a losing culture for 17 years. The article provides insight into the role that values, norms, goals, leadership style, familiarity, and hiring practices play in developing a winning organizational culture. The article also emphasizes the important role that leaders perform in developing an organizational culture.

  5. An investigation on the role of organizational climate on organizational citizenship behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahsan Hajirasouliha

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical study to investigate the effect of organizational climate on organizational citizenship behavior in one of Iranian automakers. The proposed study uses a standard questionnaire for measuring organizational citizenship behavior, which is adopted from Podsakoff et al. (2000 [Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Paine, J. B., & Bachrach, D. G. (2000. Organizational citizenship behaviors: A critical review of the theoretical and empirical literature and suggestions for future research. Journal of management, 26(3, 513-563.]. The study also uses another questionnaire, which measures organizational climate, which is adopted from Arabacı (2010 [Arabacı, I. B. (2010. Academic and administration personnel's perceptions of organizational climate (Sample of Educational Faculty of Fırat University. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2, 4445-4450.] and both questionnaires are designed in Likert scale. Cronbach alphas for organizational citizenship behavior and organizational climate are measured as 0.78 and 0.84, respectively, which are above the acceptance level of 0.70. Therefore, we can confirm the validity of both questionnaires. The study is implemented among 200 experts in Iranian automaker, randomly and using Spearman correlation ratio as well as stepwise regression techniques, the study has detected a meaningful relationship between components of organizational climate and organizational citizenship behavior.

  6. Organizational Commitment through Organizational Socialization Tactics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filstad, Cathrine

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to investigate how organizational socialization tactics affect newcomers' organizational commitment and learning processes. Design/methodology/approach: A survey was conducted using a measurement tool based on Van Maanen and Schein's theory on organizational socialization tactics and Kuvaas' measurement tools of…

  7. Organizational Learning in Health Care Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savithiri Ratnapalan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The process of collective education in an organization that has the capacity to impact an organization’s operations, performance and outcomes is called organizational learning. In health care organizations, patient care is provided through one or more visible and invisible teams. These teams are composed of experts and novices from diverse backgrounds working together to provide coordinated care. The number of teams involved in providing care and the possibility of breakdowns in communication and coordinated care increases in direct proportion to sophisticated technology and treatment strategies of complex disease processes. Safe patient care is facilitated by individual professional learning; inter-professional team learning and system based organizational learning, which encompass modified context specific learning by multiple teams and team members in a health care organization. Organizational learning in health care systems is central to managing the learning requirements in complex interconnected dynamic systems where all have to know common background knowledge along with shared meta-knowledge of roles and responsibilities to execute their assigned functions, communicate and transfer the flow of pertinent information and collectively provide safe patient care. Organizational learning in health care is not a onetime intervention, but a continuing organizational phenomenon that occurs through formal and informal learning which has reciprocal association with organizational change. As such, organizational changes elicit organizational learning and organizational learning implements new knowledge and practices to create organizational changes.

  8. Acceptable risk

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The hazards of nuclear power, radioactive wastes and radiation are analysed in a general book describing and defining acceptable-risk problems, the difficulties in resolving them and considering such issues as uncertainty about their definition, lack of relevant facts, conflicting and conflicted social values and disagreements between technical experts and the lay public. The many methods that have been proposed for resolving acceptable-risk problems are identified and criticised. (author)

  9. Firm persistence in technological innovation: the relevance of organizational innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Naciba Haned; Caroline Mothe; Nguyen-Thi Thuc Uyen

    2014-01-01

    Organizational innovation favors technological innovation, but does it also influence persistence in technological innovation? This article empirically investigates the pattern of technological innovation persistence and tests the potential impact of organizational innovation using firm-level data from three waves of French Community Innovation Surveys. The evidence indicates a positive effect of organizational innovation on persistence in technological innovation, according to various measur...

  10. A Study on the Relationship between Organizational Culture and Organizational Performance and a Model Suggestion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebru Yildiz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizational culture is defined as set of goals and values shared by employees in the organization. Recently it has also come to be perceived as a resource of knowledge in the organization. In the literature, along with the studies aiming at identifying the elements of organizational culture, there are some research that study the relationship between organizational culture and performance. This article is a theoretical study of the two concepts and suggests a research model for further research. Recently, knowledge management and innovation strategy have started to be regarded as features of organizational culture. Research shows that these two variables also have significant impacts on organizational performance. Our model suggests measuring the effect of organizational culture on performance along with the supportive impacts of knowledge management and innovation strategy.

  11. The Impact of Rendered Protein Meal Oxidation Level on Shelf-Life, Sensory Characteristics, and Acceptability in Extruded Pet Food

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanadang, Sirichat; Koppel, Kadri; Aldrich, Greg

    2016-01-01

    Simple Summary Sensory analysis was used to determine the changes due to the storage time on extruded pet food prepared from two different rendered protein meals: (i) beef meat and bone meal (BMBM); (ii) chicken byproduct meal (CPBM). Extrusion is a process where feed is pressed through a die in order to create shapes and increase digestibility. Descriptive sensory analysis using a human panel found an increase in undesirable sensory attributes (e.g., oxidized oil, rancid) in extruded pet food over storage time, especially the one prepared from chicken by product meal without antioxidants. The small increase in oxidized and rancid aromas of BMBM samples did not affect pet owners’ acceptability of the products. CPBM samples without antioxidants showed a notable increase in oxidized and rancid aroma over storage time and, thus, affected product acceptability negatively. This finding indicated that human sensory analysis can be used as a tool to track the changes of pet food characteristics due to storage, as well as estimate the shelf-life of the products. Abstract Pet foods are expected to have a shelf-life for 12 months or more. Sensory analysis can be used to determine changes in products and to estimate products’ shelf-life. The objectives of this study were to (1) investigate how increasing levels of oxidation in rendered protein meals used to produce extruded pet food affected the sensory properties and (2) determine the effect of shelf-life on pet owners’ acceptability of extruded pet food diet formulated without the use of preservative. Pet food diets contained beef meat bone meal (BMBM) and chicken byproduct meal (CBPM) in which the oxidation was retarded with ethoxyquin, mixed tocopherols, or none at all, and then extruded into dry pet foods. These samples represented low, medium, and high oxidation levels, respectively. Samples were stored for 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months at ambient temperature. Each time point, samples were evaluated by six highly

  12. A compound methodology to assess the impact of human and organizational factors impact on the risk level of hazardous industrial plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Monferini, A.; Konstandinidou, M.; Nivolianitou, Z.;

    2013-01-01

    room and a specific plant section. This environment enables the analyst controlling the simulation to perform the sensitivity analysis acting through a supervisory station and manipulating the control functions in order to vary each CPC rate around its nominal value. Experiments were run......This paper presents a compound methodology devised to relate Human and Organizational Factors (HOFs) to operators’ response time in critical operations within hazardous industrial plants. The methodology has been based on a sensitivity analysis of the nine “families” of the Common Performance...... Conditions (CPCs), as defined in the CREAM technique, in order to verify and rank their influence on the operators’ response time. To prove the methodology, a series of pilot experiments have been designed and performed so that human response is evaluated in a Virtual Environment (VE) reproducing the control...

  13. Organizational Commitment for Knowledge Workers: The Roles of Perceived Organizational Learning Culture, Leader-Member Exchange Quality, and Turnover Intention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joo, Baek-Kyoo

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the impact of perceived organizational learning culture and leader-member exchange (LMX) quality on organizational commitment and eventually on employee turnover intention. Employees exhibited the highest organizational commitment when they perceived a higher learning culture and when they were supervised in a supportive…

  14. Relationship between Organizational Communication Satisfaction and Organizational Justice: An Empirical Study

    OpenAIRE

    GÖK, Sibel; Karatuna, Işıl; Özkılıçcı, Gökçe

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the relationship between organizational communication satisfaction and organizational justice and to explore the impact of communication satisfaction on perceived justice in a group of university employees. Data were obtained through questionnaires among 481 academics working in public and private universities in Turkey. The research measures used in this study were the Communication Satisfaction Questionnaire of Downs and Hazen and the Organizational Justice S...

  15. SERVANT LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL TRUST: THE MEDIATING EFFECT OF THE LEADER TRUST AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION

    OpenAIRE

    Morad Rezaei; Sajjad Salehi; Masomeh Shafiei; Somaye Sabet

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper aims to clarify the relationship between servant leadership and organizational trust, and tries to demonstrate the mediator role of leader trust and organizational communication in this relationship. The study sample included 258 employees of Guilan province Tax Administration and for sampling we used cluster method. Previous studies have also focused on the positive impact of servant leadership in organizational trust and in this article the results show that there ...

  16. Relationship between Organizational Communication Satisfaction and Organizational Justice: An Emprical Study

    OpenAIRE

    GÖK, Sibel; Karatuna, Işıl; Özkılıçcı, Gökçe

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the relationship between organizational communication satisfaction and organizational justice and to explore the impact of communication satisfaction on perceived justice in a group of university employees. Data were obtained through questionnaires among 481 academics working in public and private universities in Turkey. The research measures used in this study were the Communication Satisfaction Questionnaire of Downs and Hazen and the Organizational Justice S...

  17. Influence of Organizational Learning and Innovation on Organizational Performance in Asian Manufacturing Food Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Hui, Huang; Che Wan Jasimahbt Wan Mohamed RADZI; Jenatabadi, Hashem Salarzadeh; Farihah Abu KASIM; Radu, Son

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to find out the impact of organizational learning (OL) and organizational innovation (OI) on organizational performance (OP) in Asia manufacturing food industries. This study explores those linkages using structural equation modelling (SEM) with data from 172 companies in food manufacturing companies was selected from Taiwan, China, and Malaysia. The research model includes three latent variables including OL, OI, and OP. The results showed that OL and OI h...

  18. Texas organizational culture

    OpenAIRE

    Hronzová, Kristýna

    2013-01-01

    The goal of the thesis "Texas organizational culture" is to find and define specifics of Texas organizational culture as a part of American organizational culture. First, theoretical terms connected to culture and organizational culture are defined. In the practical part of the thesis, American organizational culture is described, namely ethical codex, company social responsibility, workplace, team-building and dress code. The last part concerns Texas itself, its culture in general, history, ...

  19. The Impact of Rendered Protein Meal Oxidation Level on Shelf-Life, Sensory Characteristics, and Acceptability in Extruded Pet Food.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanadang, Sirichat; Koppel, Kadri; Aldrich, Greg

    2016-01-01

    Pet foods are expected to have a shelf-life for 12 months or more. Sensory analysis can be used to determine changes in products and to estimate products' shelf-life. The objectives of this study were to (1) investigate how increasing levels of oxidation in rendered protein meals used to produce extruded pet food affected the sensory properties and (2) determine the effect of shelf-life on pet owners' acceptability of extruded pet food diet formulated without the use of preservative. Pet food diets contained beef meat bone meal (BMBM) and chicken byproduct meal (CBPM) in which the oxidation was retarded with ethoxyquin, mixed tocopherols, or none at all, and then extruded into dry pet foods. These samples represented low, medium, and high oxidation levels, respectively. Samples were stored for 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months at ambient temperature. Each time point, samples were evaluated by six highly trained descriptive panelists for sensory attributes related to oxidation. Samples without preservatives were chosen for the acceptability test, since the differences in sensory characteristics over storage time were more distinguishable in those samples. Pet owners evaluated samples for aroma, appearance and overall liking. Descriptive sensory analysis detected significant changes in oxidized-related sensory characteristics over storage time. However, the differences for CBPM samples were more pronounced and directional. The consumer study showed no differences in pet owners' acceptability for BMBM samples. However, the noticeable increase in aroma characteristics (rancid aroma 0.33-4.21) in CBPM samples over storage time did have a negative effect on consumer's liking (overall liking 5.52-4.95). PMID:27483326

  20. Impact of saliva collection methods on sIgA and cortisol assays and acceptability to participants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strazdins, Lyndall; Meyerkort, Shannon; Brent, Vicki; D'Souza, Rennie M; Broom, Dorothy H; Kyd, Jennelle M

    2005-12-20

    In community-based studies of stress and immunity, saliva samples offer a non-intrusive way of gathering biological data. Cotton-based devices are widely used in cortisol research, but some may affect assay results. We compared assay reliability and perceived acceptability of three saliva collection methods: passive, cotton 'salivettes' and cellulose-cotton tip 'eyespears'. Compared to passive collection, salivettes reduced the concentration of cortisol (p = .001) and sIgA (p = .002). Eyespears did not reduce cortisol or sIgA concentration, and showed less interference in the rank ordering of cortisol (r(eyespear with passive) = .90) and sIgA scores (r(eyespear with passive) = .96) compared to salivettes (r cortisol(salivette with passive) = .79; r sIgA(salivette with passive) = .66). The comfort and acceptability of both cotton-based devices were rated positively. Cotton-cellulose eyespears could offer methodological advantages for collecting saliva to measure cortisol and sIgA levels, and, because they can be held during sampling, may be useful for research with children and the frail elderly.

  1. The impact of grape skin bioactive functionality information on the acceptability of tea infusions made from wine by-products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Vern Jou; Bekhit, Alaa El-Din A; Sedcole, Richard; Hamid, Nazimah

    2010-05-01

    The effect of information on the health benefits of bio-active compounds on the acceptability of 5 tea infusions made from grape skins generated from wine processing waste (from Vitis vinifera var. Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris) was investigated. Samples of tea infusions with natural additives (PNHGT25 and PGGT50) and without additives (control PN, control PG, and PNPG50) were evaluated by 45 in-home consumer panels (30 female, 15 male) before and after information on the health benefits of grape skins were provided. Information significantly increased the overall acceptability, overall aroma, flavor, and aftertaste of the infusions. The results obtained showed a clear tendency toward increased purchase intention (by 29%) when information on the health benefits of the tea infusion samples was provided to consumers. Interactions existed between gender/infusion samples and stage of information on the purchase intention. Females recorded a significant increase (by 53%) in purchase intention, whereas no change in the males' purchase intention was found after information was provided. PMID:20546418

  2. The impact of employees‟ personality traits in perceiving leadership styles and organizational attitude in Saudi Banking context

    OpenAIRE

    Almandeel, Seita Mandeel

    2014-01-01

    This thesis explores the influence of employees‟ personality types (Neuroticism (N), Openness to Experience (O), Conscientiousness (C), Agreeableness (A) and Extraversion (E)) on leadership styles (Transformational, Transactional and Avoidant) and on employees‟ attitudes to their organisation (Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention) in banks in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The objectives of this thesis are to identify the impact of personality traits on: perceptions of Leadership behaviour, ...

  3. Organizational Values and Innovative Organizational Knowledge Creation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Aparecida Pasquini Miguel

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Innovation is a source of competitive advantage and is based on the continuous creation of organizational knowledge, which is supported by the individual learning. The individual learning of traditional / comportamentalist and constructivist nature can be understood, by extension, as organizational learning. The knowledge can be innovative if, along with the enabling conditions that characterize it - intention, fluctuation or chaos, autonomy, redundancy and variety of requirements – the process of learning is based on a constructivist nature, the only one capable to generate new learning solutions. The organizational values are beliefs that guide the organizations behavior and constitute motivational goals. This work had as aim to identify the relationship between organizational values and the creation of knowledge. The descriptive exploratory research used the quantitative method. The organizational values appeared in this study mainly associated to the knowledge creation aspects in the internal sphere of the organizations. The orientation towards the external environment appeared less related to the organizational values.

  4. The role of leadership and organizational citizenship behaviour in efficient management

    OpenAIRE

    Avcı, Ahmet

    2015-01-01

    Currently, leadership and organizational citizenship behaviours are the most significant actors in management of organizations. Leadership ensures management of human factor within organizations while orientation and control of human factor is provided by organizational citizenship behaviour. Managers’ leadership characteristics have a direct and highly important impact on primarily employees and organizational citizenship sensed as well as organizational culture, climate and succ...

  5. Enhancing the management of deteriorating patients with Australian on line e-simulation software: Acceptability, transferability, and impact in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sparkes, Louise; Chan, Maggie Mee Kie; Cooper, Simon; Pang, Michelle Tsz Ha; Tiwari, Agnes

    2016-09-01

    International concerns relating to healthcare professionals' failure to rescue deteriorating patients exist. Web-based training programs have been developed and evaluated in Western settings but further testing is required before application in non-Western countries, as traditional modalities of learning may differ between cultures. We trialed an Australian English language online simulation program for the management of deteriorating patients, Feedback Incorporating Review and Simulation Techniques to Act on Clinical Trends (FIRST(2) ACTWeb), to test cultural acceptability, transferability, and educational impact. The study was designed as a quasi-experimental evaluation of the FIRST(2) ACTWeb program with final year nursing students from a Bachelor of Nursing program at the University of Hong Kong. Participants completed pre-course and post-course tests, three interactive scenarios, and program evaluations. The program was positively evaluated, with significant improvements in knowledge, skills, self-rating of performance, confidence, and competence. Outcomes were comparable to earlier evaluations with Australian students, demonstrating that an interactive simulation-based program of patient deterioration management has cultural and language acceptability and transferability across communities with significant educational impact. PMID:27103595

  6. The Components of the Organizational Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Elena TUREAC

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Knowing that the organizational culture functions constitute the base of notification and capitalization of the major importance, which ishaving for every company, regardless the domain of activity, dimension, economic potential or belonging to a certain national culture. Theimportance of the organizational culture is consisting of its functions, the importance is manifesting trough some concrete elements the companylevel and not only. The organizational culture is allowing the identification and the description of some numerous situations and real facts, of humannature from the company’s life, with major implications over the development and the activity results, that weren’t taken into consideration in themanagerial classic leading. This explains why the elements referring to the organizational culture were accepted very fast by numerous companies’managers from the developed countries.

  7. Organizational improvement using Organizational paradigms with the support of people paradigms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Shariful Alam

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available An organization is a vital part of social environment. Different parts of organization have great impact to the environment. On the other hand the different organizational strategy helps to improve the efficiency of organization and customer satisfaction. The people and tools of organization help to organization to work properly. This paper mainly describes about the organizational paradigms and people paradigms also the way how the people paradigms facilitate the organizational paradigms to improve the organizational architecture for better performance. This paper describes the different aspects of organizational like Information system strategy, Information system planning, Business process reengineering etc also End user computing, Knowledge management, Expert system of people paradigms.And finally there is a combination between those. Keywords: Business process reengineering, Customer satisfaction, end used computing, In Information System Strategy, knowledge management, Organizational improvement.

  8. Job insecurity and organizational consequences: How justice moderates this relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piccoli, Beatrice

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The experience of job insecurity has been related to several organizational outcomes, both immediate and long-term. However, since the strength of these effects have been found to vary across studies, it is essential to identify factors that could influence the relationships. The current study examines interaction effects between job insecurity and organizational justice (distributive, procedural and interactional for various organizational consequences (affective organizational commitment, citizenship behaviours and perceived performance, some of which have received little research attention. Data from 248 blue collar workers in the Italian organizational context showed the buffer effects of procedural and interactional justice on affective organizational commitment and citizenship behaviours. However, contrary to expectations, the results also indicated that high organizational justice exacerbated the negative impact of job insecurity on perceived performance. Implications for research on job insecurity and the moderating role of organizational justice are discussed.

  9. Dogs on the Move: Factors Impacting Animal Shelter and Rescue Organizations’ Decisions to Accept Dogs from Distant Locations

    OpenAIRE

    Simmons, Kaitlyn E.; Hoffman, Christy L.

    2016-01-01

    Long-distance dog transfer programs are a topic of burgeoning interest in the animal welfare community, but little research has focused on such programs. This exploratory study, which surveyed 193 individuals associated with animal shelter and rescue organizations in the United States, evaluated factors that impacted organizations’ decisions to transfer in dogs over long distances (>100 miles) and assessed what criteria were commonly valued by destination organizations. Specifically, we ex...

  10. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musran Munizu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery companies in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Random sampling is used in the study. 55 complete questionnaires were returned as a final sample. Three hypotheses have been developed through literature review and tested using Path Analysis performed by SPSS 18.00 software. The results show that TQM practices have positive and significant effect both on organizational performance and competitive advantage. Competitive advantage has a positive and significant effect on organizational performance. Organizational performance is more influenced by competitive advantage than TQM practices.

  11. Impact of Work Environment, Salary Package and Employees’ Perception on Organizational Commitment: A study of Small & Medium Enterprises (SMEs) of Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Jawad Akhtar

    2014-01-01

    The chief purpose of this research paper is to investigate how factors like (1) work environment; (2) salary Package and (3) Employees’ perception have an effect on the employees’ organizational commitment in the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) of Pakistan.

  12. The impact of financial leverage sharp increase on earnings management on the accepted firms in Tehran Stock Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hosein Aryaei Nejad

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the current study is to see the changes in the amount of benefit management regarding the firms whose liabilities increase to a large extent. The managers of these kinds of firms normally have more motivations to satisfy credit providers through profit management. But it seems that auditors and financial providers' more attention to these firms' leads to having more regular managers and decreasing profit management performance. The tested sample includes 136 firms among the accepted ones in Iran Stock Exchange considering a period of eight years from the beginning of 2000 to the end of 2007. In order to estimate the rate of profit management performance by the use of Jones adjusted model, the optional committed items were calculated. The hypotheses were tested via regression method. The results demonstrated that the increase of most liabilities causes the decrease of profit management performance. In fact, liability makes managers have less access to free cash flows in order to pay the liability and its interest; therefore, they cannot take advantage of the opportunities such as non-optimization investment, extra cost tolerance and earning waste. In other words, the more the liabilities increase, the more regular the managers perform.

  13. An empirical study on the relationship between effective organizational communication and the performance of central office staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Monavvarian

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Inter-organizational communication plays an important role in promoting strategic collaboration among firms. It can improve productivity and increases collaboration among employees. In this paper, we present an empirical study to measure the role of inter-organizational communication on efficiency among administration employees who work for one the oldest banks in Iran, Bank Melli Iran. The study uses 380 full time employees who work for 28 different administration divisions of this bank. The survey uses a questionnaire consists of 19 questions about inter-organizational communication and 25 questions about efficiency of employees. The reliability of the survey has been approved using an initial survey and Cronbach alpha was calculated as 0.87, which is well above the minimum acceptable level. The result of our survey confirms there is a meaningful relationship between inter-organizational communication and efficiency of all administration employees who work for this bank. There is also a meaningful relationship between age and efficiency and the maximum efficiency belongs to people aged 31 to 40. According to our survey, men have more inter-organizational efficiency than women do. The result of our survey also confirms that positivism impacts more than other factors on efficiency. Among five effective factors, empathy has the most impact and responsiveness 6 efficiency dimensions.

  14. The Relationship between Organizational Justice and Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrdad G. Chegini

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: Organizational justice and its relationship with citizenship behavior is one of the basic and important subjects of successful organizations. In this competitive world, making a sense of organizational justice in staff, increases functional ability and organizational citizenship behavior. Approach: This research includes 5 hypotheses which evaluate the relationship between organizational justice dimensions and organizational citizenship behavior. Organizational justice dime...

  15. Approaches to Teaching Organizational Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Applebaum, Ronald L.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses fundamental problems in selecting an approach to organizational communications; the purpose of an organizational communication course; the structure and content of organizational communication coursework; and teaching strategies used in the basic course in organizational communication. (RS)

  16. Organizational Behaviour in Construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kreiner, Kristian

    2013-01-01

    Review of: Organizational Behaviour in Construction / Anthony Walker (Wiley-Blackwell,2011 336 pp)......Review of: Organizational Behaviour in Construction / Anthony Walker (Wiley-Blackwell,2011 336 pp)...

  17. A 'good soldier's tale': The organizational construct of an archetype

    OpenAIRE

    Stockton, Julie M.

    2006-01-01

    This research study enquires into the nature, meaning and impact of the metaphors and associated mythologies that define our organizational life world. Specifically, it explores the essence of the metaphor of 'the good soldier', and its relationship to the social construction of reality, order and meaning during; organizational change. Organizational myths and metaphoric systems have a significant impact on how people behave and interact in organizations, hence results of this study may hold ...

  18. Organizational learning in the theory of organizational change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of organizational learning has been presented and placed within the referential frame of the organizational change theory. It appears that organizational changes shows to be a wider concept than organizational learning, since every learning includes change, but every change does not necessarily include learning. Organizational learning presents a particular type of organizational change, one which comprises creation and utilization of knowledge, includes changes of both cognitive structures and behaviors of organizational members, and necessarily is normative by its nature. The referential frame of the theory of organizational change is based on the classification of organizational changes and put together all theories into four perspectives: organizational development, organizational transformation, organizational adaptation and process perspective. It can be concluded that the concept of organizational learning is eclectic one, since it includes all types of organizational changes and encompasses all mentioned perspectives of organizational changes. .

  19. Organizational culture & employee behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Tianya

    2015-01-01

    Organizations are among the key units of the society. During their establishment and development, a specific kind of organizational culture eventually appears. The purpose of organizational culture is to improve solidarity and cohesion, and to stimulate employees' enthusiasm and creativity to improve the organization’s economic efficiency. In addition, organizational culture greatly influences employee behavior. The aim of this study is to find out how organizational culture affects employ...

  20. Organizational culture modeling

    OpenAIRE

    Valentina Mihaela GHINEA; Constantin BRĂTIANU

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present a conceptual analysis of organizational culture modeling in the framework of system dynamics. Tom Peters and Robert Waterman demonstrated through their seminal research that organizational culture constitutes one of the most important key success factors in any company trying to achieve excellence in its business. Organizational culture is a strong nonlinear integrator of the organizational intellectual capital acting especially on the emotional knowled...

  1. 组织学习在信息技术应用中的作用分析%The Impact of Organizational Learning on Information Technology Applications

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁强; 林丹明; 曾楚宏

    2011-01-01

    Based on the resources-based view, this study explores the role of organizational learning (OL) in mediating and moderating the relationship between information technology (IT) and firm performance based upon data collected from 238 firms in Guangdong Province. Through a structural equation model and hierarchical regression analysis, we find that OL capability partially mediates the performance impact of IT resources. Furthermore, OL capability affects the strength of the IT-performance relationship. Theoretical contributions and managerial implications are discussed, and limitations of the study are highlighted accordingly.%基于资源基础观,传统的研究将企业信息技术视为战略性资源,在投入产出分析范式的基础上探讨其应用效率问题.本文在现有研究的基础上分析组织能力因素对信息技术资源价值实现过程的影响机制,探讨组织学习能力对信息技术资源与组织绩效之间关系的中介作用和调节作用.根据238家企业的调查数据,进行了结构方程模型和层级回归分析,结果表明:组织学习能力对信息技术资源和组织绩效之间的关系既发挥部分中介作用,也发挥正向调节作用.因此,组织学习能力有助于实现并提升IT资源的商业价值.本文的分析补充了现有研究成果,对于企业管理实践也有参考价值.

  2. Culture and Organizational Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cook, N.; Yanow, D.

    2011-01-01

    Traditionally, theories of organizational learning have taken one of two approaches that share a common characterization of learning but differ in focus. One approach focuses on learning by individuals in organizational contexts; the other, on individual learning as a model for organizational action

  3. Les impacts humains des changements organisationnels autour des TIC Human impacts of organizational changes based on ITC Impactos humanos de los cambios organizacionales en torno a los TIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Picard

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available La taille des systèmes mis en place dans les grandes organisations, leur caractère exogène par rapport aux pratiques de l’entreprise (progiciels de gestion intégrés, posent des défis relativement nouveaux, difficiles à relever pour les acteurs. En effet, les métiers des informaticiens comme ceux des utilisateurs en sont le plus souvent profondément affectés.Les informaticiens doivent réviser leur mode d’action, révision qui s’accompagne d’une moindre autonomie, d’exigences de coopération plus élevées, et d’une multidisciplinarité à laquelle ils n’ont pas nécessairement été préparés.Les professionnels utilisateurs peuvent perdre des repères professionnels historiques, changement accompagné d’une révision des pratiques, de la modification des structures et de l’environnement de travail. Ils doivent parfois acquérir de nouvelles qualifications, de façon coûteuse, et certains peuvent perdre leur travail.Ces problématiques seront illustrées par deux situations concrètes très récentes, observées dans un grand groupe de service, pour chacune des populations.Many organizational changes are related to (or initiated by the introduction of information and communication technology (ICT tools.The size of the systems implemented in large organizations, their external nature vis-à-vis the company’s practices (Enterprise Resource Planning are rather new challenges, which are difficult for the actors to tackle. In fact, the jobs of data processing people as well as of professional users are often the most affected.Data processing people must revise their way of doing things, a change that is accompanied by a loss of autonomy and greater demands for cooperation and multidisciplinarity that they are not necessarily prepared for.Professional users may lose some historical guidelines, a change that is accompanied by a review of their practices, organizational changes, and changes in the work environment. They

  4. 管理创新能力对组织绩效影响的实证研究%An Empirical Research on the Impact of Management Innovation Capability on Organizational Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立波; 沈玉志

    2015-01-01

    Based on the theoretical study,the paper explores the impact of management innovation capability on organization⁃al performance. It makes an empirical test on 162 questionnaires by constructing the basic hypothesis and employing structur⁃al equation model (SEM). The results show that both ideational innovation capability and organizational learning capability have no a direct impact on organizational performance,but have an indirect impact on organizational performance through dy⁃namic capability. Dynamic capability,knowledge management capability and environmental adaptability have a direct impact on organizational performance. Moreover,this paper identifies the interaction relations among the dimensions of management innovation capability, among them dynamic capability is the core and environmental adaptability is the basis. The research can provide reference for enterprises to foster management innovation capability in order to improve organizational perfor⁃mance.%文章在理论研究基础上,探析管理创新能力对组织绩效的影响,建立基本假设,并利用结构方程模型方法对162份有效问卷进行实证检验。结果表明:理念创新能力和组织学习能力对组织绩效无直接影响,但可通过动态能力产生间接影响;动态能力、知识管理能力和环境适应能力对组织绩效具有直接影响,且明确了管理创新能力维度间的相互影响关系,动态能力是核心,环境适应能力是基础。研究结果可为企业培育管理创新能力以提升组织绩效提供借鉴。

  5. Performance of 4 mm impact sprinklers at different spacing within acceptable pressure range (250-350 kPa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOROPA GABRIEL,

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Single leg tests were conducted to determine performance and cost effectiveness of different spacing combinations that can be used in 4 mm impact sprinkler irrigation systems design operating at 250-350kPa. Four sprinklers were tested for coefficient of uniformity (CU, distribution uniformity (DU and wetted diameter at three different pressure points. Results obtained for CU and DU showed that imported sprinklers had significantly higher water application uniformities than locally made sprinklers at 250-350 kPa pressure range. Sprinkler spacings of 12 m x 18 m and 15 m x 15 m passed the layout tests and can be used in Zimbabwe under moderate wind conditions at 300 kPa, using preferably imported sprinklers for best water application uniformity. Therefore 15 m x 15 m sprinkler spacing which covers alarger area can replace 12 m x 18 m layout in spraylines design without compromising water application uniformity.

  6. Impact of nuclear information on the public acceptance. Case study for young people in Cernavoda and Pitesti towns

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The general objective of this work was to investigate the impact of nuclear information on young people's knowledge and attitudes by using different Methods/Participatory Tools in an Educational Programme. The investigation started with a baseline survey of six groups of youngsters, three each from Pitesti and Cernavoda, which was completed early in 2005. After analysing the results an Educational Programme was proposed and developed following the FP6- COWAM2 Annual Seminar at Ljubljana. The Programme was produced by November 2005 and three methods were selected: classical methods usually used for school teaching, the discovery method, and a method involving simulation of a Local Committee. Three groups from Pitesti and four from Cernavoda attended the Programme, which was followed by a new questionnaire-based measurement (May 2006). (authors)

  7. 组织间信任、社会互动、知识获取对组织创新绩效的影响研究——以浙江企业为例%Impact of Inter-organizational Trust, Social Interaction and Knowledge Acquisition on Organizational Innovation Performance——Samples from Zhejiang Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾宇容; 杨静

    2013-01-01

    依赖组织间的合作提高创新绩效,不能忽略信任的重要作用.东方文化背景下组织间的信任关系比较复杂.以社会互动为中介,通过实证数据探讨组织间信任通过社会互动和知识获取对企业创新绩效产生影响的作用机制.研究以浙江省高新制造企业为样本,采用结构方程方法,得到的主要结论有:组织间信任通过社会互动才能对知识获取产生影响;组织间不同的信任类型对创新绩效的影响不同,关系型信任较计算型信任对互动强度和质量更具影响性.%The important role of trust can't be ignored when depending on the cooperation between enterprises in improving the innovation performance.The eastern culture inter-organizational trust is more complicated.Taking social interaction as a mediator,the paper explores the mechanism of inter-organizational trust and innovation performance by empirical data.The study investigates high-tech manufacture enterprises in Zhejiang province,adopts structure equation,and concluds that:the inter-organizational trust affects the knowledge acquisition through social interaction; the different kinds of inter -organizational trust has different effect on enterprise's innovation performance,and the relational trust has a greater impact on social interaction than the calculation of interaction-based trust.

  8. Organizational processes and nuclear power plant safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the effects organizational factors have on the risk associated with the operation of nuclear power plants. The described research project addresses three methods for identifying the organizational factors that impact safety. The first method consists of an elaborate theory-based protocol dealing with decision making procedures, interdepartmental coordination of activities, and communications. The second, known as goals/means/measures protocol, deals with identifying safey related goals. The third method is known as behaviorally anchored rating scale development. The paper discusses the importance of the convergence of these three methods to identify organizational factors essential to reactor safety

  9. Designing a Model of Organizational Agility: A Case Study of Ardabil Gas Company

    OpenAIRE

    Behrooz Razmi; Hossein Mohammad Ghasemi

    2015-01-01

    Organizational agility means the ability of every organization in sensation, perception, and prediction of available changes in the business environment. The importance of organizational agility in a competitive environment is nowadays widely recognized and accepted. The aim of this research was to design a unified theoretical model of organizational agility for Ardabil Gas Company based upon the theoretical principles of organizational agility proposed by Goldman (1995). Independent variable...

  10. Organizational Business Interest as Organizational Request

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasser Fegh-hi Farahmand

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Making a difference in organization or creating the very best product or service on themarket or simply doing something loves to do. Furthermore, it seems that the emphasis onorganizational empowerment as structure, and systems has not yielded the desired results assome of the companies where these variables have been changed, after sometime, wentback to experiencing declining performance. It is therefore obvious that more researchneeds to be done to identify characteristics that enhance organizational performance.Implementing good environmental and organizational practices is good organizationalbusiness it can give a competitive advantage. This article attempts to explain theorganizational business interest by patterns of thinking. Organizations use organizationalresources as the basic ingredient for all that is required for their operations. They aretherefore eager to maintain and improve the quantity of expendable organizationalresources by not only resources utilization, but by also identifying, nurturing andmaintaining characteristics that promote organizational performance. The key toorganization success is having a organizational business interest in place. Whetherorganization is about to launch a start-up or organization have been in organizationalbusiness for years, organizational business' direction is guided by your organizationalbusiness interest. In spite of this general awareness, such long-term organizational business,strategic-level interest of organizational business has been lacking in most organizations.

  11. Organizational Culture of Mars Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Zápotocká, Zuzana

    2009-01-01

    The topic corporate culture in the context of international company is the main subject of this thesis. The theoretical part introduces and describes the concept of culture and national culture, together with the cultural standards and dimensions. The study also defines organizational culture and its elements, strong organizational culture and subculture. Finally, I analyze the impact of the national specifics of the formation of the corporate culture. To demonstrate the theoretical bases in ...

  12. ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE IN KNOWLEDGE-BASED FIRM

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir-Codrin IONESCU; Viorel CORNESCU

    2011-01-01

    For sustainable competitive advantages gain, modern organizations, knowledge-based, must promote a proactive and flexible management, permanently connected to change which occur in business environment. Contextually, the paper analyses impact factors of the environment which could determine a firm to initiate a programme strategic organizational change. Likewise, the paper identifies the main organizational variables involved in a changing process and emphasizes the essential role which manag...

  13. Relationship Between Leadership Styles and Organizational Creativity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Bratnicka

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Empirical research on entrepreneurship in organizations has brought disparate and often contradictory evidence related to the impact of leadership on creativity in organizations. The purpose of this paper is to explore and discuss the impact of different leadership styles on creativity, with the view to formulating an integrated conceptual model that links creative novelty and creative practicality with leadership. Methodology: The author applied the methodology of meta-theoretical review. In accordance with the principles of theoretical bricolage, a new conceptual model was built on the basis of the multidimensional creativity theory and the leadership theory. In her analysis, the author took into account leadership styles that have already been subject to research; each of them was mapped in the two-dimensional space of organizational creativity. Findings: In order to fully understand the reasons for differences in organizational creativity, the drivers of divergences in the space of creative novelty and creative practicality need to be clarified. Greater knowledge about the impact of leadership styles on the structure and configuration of organizational creativity is necessary. In this paper, the author provides a theoretical framework that illustrates manners in which leadership influences organizational creativity. The model clarifies the role that leadership plays in shaping a unique configuration of organizational creativity, and consequently in ensuring the necessary internal adaptation of an organization. Originality: The value of this research lies in the situational interpretation of various leadership styles in the context of their impact on organizational creativity. The analysis goes beyond the conventional discussion about leadership and creativity, focused on establishing whether a given leadership style proves beneficial or not for organizational creativity. The paper identifies particular effects that several key

  14. Organizational determinants of wage moderation

    OpenAIRE

    Baccaro, Lucio; Simoni, Marco

    2010-01-01

    This article contributes to the political economic literature regarding the effects of industrial relations institutions on national economic outcomes. Based on an econometric analysis of the determinants of wage moderation in sixteen industrialized countries between 1974 and 2000, it argues that the organizational characteristics of trade unions have a significant impact on wage dynamics. Controlling for a number of institutional and economic factors, the countries in which trade union confe...

  15. Pathological Approach to Human Resource Management: Strategic Approach to Maintenance Human Resource and Organizational Commitment

    OpenAIRE

    Akram Ahmadnia Chenijani; Nour Mohammad Yaghoubi

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present study is the pathological status of strategic approach to maintenance human resource and organizational commitment with checking the status of mediator variables impact on organizational commitment among organizational support, organizational justice, organizational culture and needs of Excellence. The research type is descriptive. In order to realize this, Zahedan Municipal employees, up to 2032 were considered as a statistical population, so Morgan table has been...

  16. A study on the influence of organizational climate on motivation of employees

    OpenAIRE

    Sibel Gök

    2009-01-01

    The relation between organizational climate and organizational efficiency is frequently pointed out in recent management and labour psychology studies. Organizational climate has positive or negative impacts on performance, job satisfaction, and motivation of employees. In this study, which consists of two parts, the relation between organizational climate and work motivation is examined. The first part of the study contains theoretical framework with regard to the organizational climate an...

  17. DWPF COAL-CARBON WASTE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA LIMIT EVALUATION BASED ON EXPERIMENTAL WORK (TANK 48 IMPACT STUDY)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lambert, D.; Choi, A.

    2010-10-15

    This report summarizes the results of both experimental and modeling studies performed using Sludge Batch 10 (SB10) simulants and FBSR product from Tank 48 simulant testing in order to develop higher levels of coal-carbon that can be managed by DWPF. Once the Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) process starts up for treatment of Tank 48 legacy waste, the FBSR product stream will contribute higher levels of coal-carbon in the sludge batch for processing at DWPF. Coal-carbon is added into the FBSR process as a reductant and some of it will be present in the FBSR product as unreacted coal. The FBSR product will be slurried in water, transferred to Tank Farm and will be combined with sludge and washed to produce the sludge batch that DWPF will process. The FBSR product is high in both water soluble sodium carbonate and unreacted coal-carbon. Most of the sodium carbonate is removed during washing but all of the coal-carbon will remain and become part of the DWPF sludge batch. A paper study was performed earlier to assess the impact of FBSR coal-carbon on the DWPF Chemical Processing Cell (CPC) operation and melter off-gas flammability by combining it with SB10-SB13. The results of the paper study are documented in Ref. 7 and the key findings included that SB10 would be the most difficult batch to process with the FBSR coal present and up to 5,000 mg/kg of coal-carbon could be fed to the melter without exceeding the off-gas flammability safety basis limits. In the present study, a bench-scale demonstration of the DWPF CPC processing was performed using SB10 simulants spiked with varying amounts of coal, and the resulting seven CPC products were fed to the DWPF melter cold cap and off-gas dynamics models to determine the maximum coal that can be processed through the melter without exceeding the off-gas flammability safety basis limits. Based on the results of these experimental and modeling studies, the presence of coal-carbon in the sludge feed to DWPF is found to have

  18. DWPF COAL-CARBON WASTE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA LIMIT EVALUATION BASED ON EXPERIMENTAL WORK (TANK 48 IMPACT STUDY)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lambert, D.; Choi, A.

    2010-10-15

    This report summarizes the results of both experimental and modeling studies performed using Sludge Batch 10 (SB10) simulants and FBSR product from Tank 48 simulant testing in order to develop higher levels of coal-carbon that can be managed by DWPF. Once the Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) process starts up for treatment of Tank 48 legacy waste, the FBSR product stream will contribute higher levels of coal-carbon in the sludge batch for processing at DWPF. Coal-carbon is added into the FBSR process as a reductant and some of it will be present in the FBSR product as unreacted coal. The FBSR product will be slurried in water, transferred to Tank Farm and will be combined with sludge and washed to produce the sludge batch that DWPF will process. The FBSR product is high in both water soluble sodium carbonate and unreacted coal-carbon. Most of the sodium carbonate is removed during washing but all of the coal-carbon will remain and become part of the DWPF sludge batch. A paper study was performed earlier to assess the impact of FBSR coal-carbon on the DWPF Chemical Processing Cell (CPC) operation and melter off-gas flammability by combining it with SB10-SB13. The results of the paper study are documented in Ref. 7 and the key findings included that SB10 would be the most difficult batch to process with the FBSR coal present and up to 5,000 mg/kg of coal-carbon could be fed to the melter without exceeding the off-gas flammability safety basis limits. In the present study, a bench-scale demonstration of the DWPF CPC processing was performed using SB10 simulants spiked with varying amounts of coal, and the resulting seven CPC products were fed to the DWPF melter cold cap and off-gas dynamics models to determine the maximum coal that can be processed through the melter without exceeding the off-gas flammability safety basis limits. Based on the results of these experimental and modeling studies, the presence of coal-carbon in the sludge feed to DWPF is found to have

  19. Human and organizational factors in nuclear safety; Factores humanos y organizativos en la seguridad nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, A.; Barrientos, M.; Gil, B.

    2015-07-01

    Nuclear installations are socio technical systems where human and organizational factors, in both utilities and regulators, have a significant impact on safety. Three Mile Island (TMI) accident, original of several initiatives in the human factors field, nevertheless became a lost opportunity to timely acquire lessons related to the upper tiers of the system. Nowadays, Spanish nuclear installations have integrated in their processes specialists and activities in human and organizational factors, promoted by the licensees After many years of hard work, Spanish installations have achieved a better position to face new challenges, such as those posed by Fukushima. With this experience, only technology-centered action plan would not be acceptable, turning this accident in yet another lost opportunity. (Author)

  20. Development and validation of the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinson, Brian C; Thrush, Carol R; Lauren Crain, A

    2013-09-01

    Development and targeting efforts by academic organizations to effectively promote research integrity can be enhanced if they are able to collect reliable data to benchmark baseline conditions, to assess areas needing improvement, and to subsequently assess the impact of specific initiatives. To date, no standardized and validated tool has existed to serve this need. A web- and mail-based survey was administered in the second half of 2009 to 2,837 randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty and postdoctoral fellows at 40 academic health centers in top-tier research universities in the United States. Measures included the Survey of Organizational Research Climate (SORC) as well as measures of perceptions of organizational justice. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses yielded seven subscales of organizational research climate, all of which demonstrated acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's α ranging from 0.81 to 0.87) and adequate test-retest reliability (Pearson r ranging from 0.72 to 0.83). A broad range of correlations between the seven subscales and five measures of organizational justice (unadjusted regression coefficients ranging from 0.13 to 0.95) document both construct and discriminant validity of the instrument. The SORC demonstrates good internal (alpha) and external reliability (test-retest) as well as both construct and discriminant validity.

  1. Predicting Organizational Commitment from Organizational Culture in Turkish Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipek, Cemalettin

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (Ipek "1999") and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay "2000") were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers…

  2. Investigation of the Relationship between Organizational Trust and Organizational Commitment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastug, Gülsüm; Pala, Adem; Kumartasli, Mehmet; Günel, Ilker; Duyan, Mehdi

    2016-01-01

    Organizational trust and organizational commitment are considered as the most important entraining factors for organizational success. The most important factor in the formation of organizational commitment is trust that employees have in their organizations. In this study, the relationship between organizational trust and organizational…

  3. A Study of the Impact of Organizational Social Capital on the Improvement of Knowledge Management in Yazd\\\\\\'s Welfare Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Bordbar

    2014-01-01

    In general and with respect to these findings, it is concluded that social organizations should try to promote their social capital for an effective management of organizational knowledge. They can invest in social capital by means of effective communicational training programs, and cultivating a proper climate in the relationships of managers and employees so they can become learning and creative organizations.

  4. Elements of Terrorism Preparedness in Local Police Agencies, 2003-2007: Impact of Vulnerability, Organizational Characteristics, and Contagion in the Post-9/11 Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Aki; Roberts, John M., Jr.; Liedka, Raymond V.

    2012-01-01

    Different elements of local police agencies' terrorism preparedness may be associated with different organizational/environmental variables. We use 2003-2007 data (showing considerable adoption and desistance of practices) on medium-to-large-sized local agencies to examine relationships between contingency (vulnerability, organizational…

  5. Organizational assessment in general practice: a systematic review and implications for quality improvement.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rhydderch, S.M.; Edwards, A.; Elwyn, G.; Marshall, M.; Engels, Y.M.P.; Hombergh, P. van den; Grol, R.P.T.M.

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Quality improvement of organizational aspects in general practice is receiving increasing attention. In particular, the impact of effective organization on preventative care has been recognized. Organizational assessments are typically used as part of professionally led accreditation sch

  6. Impact of service provision platforms on maternal and newborn health in conflict areas and their acceptability in Pakistan: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lassi, Zohra S; Aftab, Wafa; Ariff, Shabina; Kumar, Rohail; Hussain, Imtiaz; Musavi, Nabiha B; Memon, Zahid; Soofi, Sajid B; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A

    2015-01-01

    Various models and strategies have been implemented over the years in different parts of the world to improve maternal and newborn health (MNH) in conflict affected areas. These strategies are based on specific needs and acceptability of local communities. This paper has undertaken a systematic review of global and local (Pakistan) information from conflict areas on platforms of health service provision in the last 10 years and information on acceptability from local stakeholders on effective models of service delivery; and drafted key recommendations for improving coverage of health services in conflict affected areas. The literature search revealed ten studies that described MNH service delivery platforms. The results from the systematic review showed that with utilisation of community outreach services, the greatest impacts were observed in skilled birth attendance and antenatal consultation rates. Facility level services, on the other hand, showed that labour room services for an internally displaced population (IDP) improved antenatal care coverage, contraceptive prevalence rate and maternal mortality. Consultative meetings and discussions conducted in Quetta and Peshawar (capitals of conflict affected provinces) with relevant stakeholders revealed that no systematic models of MNH service delivery, especially tailored for conflict areas, are available. During conflict, even previously available services and infrastructure suffered due to various barriers specific to times of conflict and unrest. A number of barriers that hinder MNH services were discussed. Suggestions for improving MNH services in conflict areas were also laid down by participants. The review identified some important steps that can be undertaken to mitigate the effects of conflict on MNH services, which include: improve provision and access to infrastructure and equipment; development and training of healthcare providers; and advocacy at different levels for free access to healthcare

  7. The acceptability, feasibility and impact of a lay health counsellor delivered health promoting schools programme in India: a case study evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajaraman Divya

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies in resource-limited settings have shown that there are constraints to the use of teachers, peers or health professionals to deliver school health promotion interventions. School health programmes delivered by trained lay health counsellors could offer a cost-effective alternative. This paper presents a case study of a multi-component school health promotion intervention in India that was delivered by lay school health counsellors, who possessed neither formal educational nor health provider qualifications. Methods The intervention was based on the WHO’s Health Promoting Schools framework, and included health screening camps; an anonymous letter box for student questions and complaints; classroom-based life skills training; and, individual psycho-social and academic counselling for students. The intervention was delivered by a lay school health counsellor who had attained a minimum of a high school education. The counsellor was trained over four weeks and received structured supervision from health professionals working for the implementing NGO. The evaluation design was a mixed methods case study. Quantitative process indicators were collected to assess the extent to which the programme was delivered as planned (feasibility, the uptake of services (acceptability, and the number of students who received corrective health treatment (evidence of impact. Semi-structured interviews were conducted over two years with 108 stakeholders, and were analysed to identify barriers and facilitators for the programme (feasibility, evaluate acceptability, and gather evidence of positive or negative effects of the programme. Results Feasibility was established by the high reported coverage of all the targeted activities by the school health counsellor. Acceptability was indicated by a growing number of submissions to the students’ anonymous letter-box; more students self-referring for counselling services over time; and, the

  8. Organizational Communication and Media

    OpenAIRE

    Tække, Jesper

    2008-01-01

     The paper reflects an interest in the relation between organizational communication and media. It tries to answer the question, how we can observe the relationship between organizational communication and media. It is a work-in-progress which tries to combine organizational studies inspired of Niklas Luhmann (Tække & Paulsen 2008, Tække 2008a) with analysis of how organizations communicate in and about media. Using systems theory and form theory, it puts forward a theoretical framework a...

  9. Cynicism in organizational change

    OpenAIRE

    Blanca S. GRAMA

    2013-01-01

    The dynamic features of the labor market outline the perfect background in which organization are constantly dealing with the necessity to implement change in strategy, structure, processes or culture. On this background the factors that can damage the process of organizational change receive more and more attention. Cynicism in organizational change is a possible source of resistance which starts to capture researchers interests. Organizational cynicism research represents a new subject in t...

  10. Pengaruh Religiusitas Terhadap Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) Pada Guru Muslim

    OpenAIRE

    Prabowo, Arief Tri

    2015-01-01

    Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) can be increased if those teachers have high rate of religiosity. This study aims to determine the impact of religiosity toward Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB). The subject was Moeslem teacher who teach at Islamic school and have length of service at least 2 years. The subject were 168 teacher and took by purposive sampling. Data were collected through by Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) scale based on the theory from Organ, Padzako...

  11. Organizational Theory, Organizational Communication, Organizational Knowledge, and Problematic Integration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPhee, Robert D.; Zaug, Pamela

    2001-01-01

    Argues that three traditions of theory about organizational communication have special relevance to the ideas of problematic integration theory. Indicates the implications of theoretic currents and notes that the main implication is that problematic integration looks very different in the context of a complex communication system. (SG)

  12. Organizational Cynicism and Its Consequences on Nurses and Quality of Care in Critical Care and Toxicology Units

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aly, Nagah Abd El-Fattah Mohamed; Ghanem, Maha; El-Shanawany, Safaa

    2016-01-01

    For many decades, the attitude of nurses has been an area of interest for researchers. The major reason for this interest is the profound impact of nurse's attitude like organizational cynicism on many organizational outcomes. The present study is aimed to describe organizational cynicism, level of perceived organizational support, and the…

  13. Organizational learning in the theory of organizational change

    OpenAIRE

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2006-01-01

    The concept of organizational learning has been presented and placed within the referential frame of the organizational change theory. It appears that organizational changes shows to be a wider concept than organizational learning, since every learning includes change, but every change does not necessarily include learning. Organizational learning presents a particular type of organizational change, one which comprises creation and utilization of knowledge, includes changes of both cognitive ...

  14. Designing a Model of Organizational Agility: A Case Study of Ardabil Gas Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behrooz Razmi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Organizational agility means the ability of every organization in sensation, perception, and prediction of available changes in the business environment. The importance of organizational agility in a competitive environment is nowadays widely recognized and accepted. The aim of this research was to design a unified theoretical model of organizational agility for Ardabil Gas Company based upon the theoretical principles of organizational agility proposed by Goldman (1995. Independent variables including organizational intelligence, organizational commitment, and organizational trust were considered as mediator variable and other four essential components of organizational agility such as forming of virtual participation valorize to humanistic knowledge and skills, change readiness, and customers answering were known as dependent variables of research. This is an applied, descriptive-correlation research, conducted by survey methodology. In this study, 568 employees, contractors, and subscribers of Ardabil Gas Company were chosen as the statistical population of the study. For the purpose of the study a questionnaire for data collection was used. Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM, it is straightforward to test hypotheses of the equality of various correlation coefficients with any number of covariates across multiple groups. The gathered data was analyzed by using SPSS and LISREL software packages. The results of statistical analysis indicate that organizational trust has a significant positive relationship with organizational agility and organizational trust is the moderator of the relationship between technology intelligence and organizational agility and the relationship between organizational commitment and organizational agility.

  15. The Impact of Career Growth on Employee Engagement--- Based on the Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment%职业成长与员工敬业度--基于组织承诺的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周霞; 余金明; 曹桂玲

    2015-01-01

    Based on the questionnaire among 400 employees of 21 companies in 7 cities, by applying hierarchical regression analysis to test the mediating role of organizational commitment in the process of professional growth affecting employee engagement. The empirical results show career growth and organizational commitment have significant positive impacts on employee engagement;organizational commitment plays a partial mediator impact, full mediation role, no mediating role on the dimension of “the speed of professional competence development”“the pace of career goal progress” and“the speed of promotion”“reward growth” of employee engagement.%通过对7个城市21家企业400名员工的问卷调查,利用分层回归分析检验、探究了组织承诺作为中介变量在职业成长影响员工敬业度过程中的作用。实证结果表明:职业成长和组织承诺均对员工敬业度有显著正向影响;组织承诺在职业成长的“职业能力发展速度”和“职业目标进展速度”两个维度对员工敬业度的影响中起部分中介作用,在“晋升速度”维度上具有完全中介作用,在“报酬增长速度”维度上无中介作用。

  16. THE IMPACT OF THE BUSINESS AND ORGANIZATIONAL SIZE OF A COMPANY ALONG WITH GRI AND CSR ADOPTION ON INTEGRATING SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING PRACTICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiron-Tudor Adriana

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper intends to investigate the correlation between the business and organizational size of companies as well as GRI and CSR practices adoption, and the level of sustainability disclosure. The correlation is highlighted through SPSS statistic analysis and determination of an econometric model between a dependent variable - sustainability information disclosure - and five independent ones- sales, number of employees, GRI and CSR policies and ultimately reporting period/year -. We use the Deloitte Sustainability Scorecard for measuring the sustainability reporting practices. Our sample comprises companies that adopted integrated reporting for the period 2009-2010. Sample selection was made on the basis that sustainability reports are incorporated within the integrated reports. We assume to obtain a high correlation between the business and organizational size of companies, GRI and/or CSR polities and the level of sustainability information disclosed in our integrated reports.

  17. Founder’s influence on the creation of the organizational culture and its impact on the sustainability of a family business

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Hernán López M.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Family businesses are an important part of the functioning of one economy, and how this is constructed is one of the keys to its performance on time.In 2009 in Colombia about 70% of companies were family owned, according to Superintendencia de Sociedades with a low participation in economic metrics. About 72.8 % were founded after 1970 (Dynamic EF FUNDES, and 2003 surveys indicated that they generated 73% of national employment and 53% of the gross production of main economic sectors (Jaramillo,2005.This case outlines organizational situations experienced by Trujillo Ortiz y Compañía S. en C., founded in 1985, during its rise until 1998, and its end, since 2000, showing the organizational characteristics and values of their main guiding, presenting how these, and their influence in the organization, determined the end of the company in this year

  18. A high level of employees' organizational identification in early merger integration : its impact on leader behavior effectiveness : an empirical analysis on StatoilHydro merger

    OpenAIRE

    Effendi, Santi

    2009-01-01

    StatiolHydro’s internal survey result reveals that employees have already identified themselves strongly with the firm in current merger integration phase. The purpose of the thesis is to learn how such employees’ organizational identification as leadership context influences the effectiveness of leader behavior at StatoilHydro. Although the analysis result shows that this particular leadership context does not affect the effectiveness of leader behavior, the analysis also discove...

  19. THE IMPACT OF THE BUSINESS AND ORGANIZATIONAL SIZE OF A COMPANY ALONG WITH GRI AND CSR ADOPTION ON INTEGRATING SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING PRACTICES

    OpenAIRE

    Tiron - Tudor Adriana; Dragu Ioana-Maria

    2012-01-01

    This paper intends to investigate the correlation between the business and organizational size of companies as well as GRI and CSR practices adoption, and the level of sustainability disclosure. The correlation is highlighted through SPSS statistic analysis and determination of an econometric model between a dependent variable - sustainability information disclosure - and five independent ones- sales, number of employees, GRI and CSR policies and ultimately reporting period/year -. We use the...

  20. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Musran Munizu

    2013-01-01

    This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM) practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery c...

  1. O impacto do macro-ambiente na estrutura organizacional de bibliotecas universitárias The macro-environmental impact on the organizational structure of the university libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silas Marques de Oliveira

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho é provocar reflexão em torno de aspectos críticos para o gerenciamento eficaz de bibliotecas universitárias sob o ponto de vista organizacional. A discussão se baseia no tripé que alicerça uma organização, ou seja, pessoas, estrutura e tecnologia. Apresenta e discorre sobre os fatores que determinam e/ou influenciam a estrutura da biblioteca universitária, enfatizando o papel que desempenha em seu gerenciamento.The main aim of this paper is to start reflection around critical aspects for the effective management of university libraries from the organizational point of view. The discussion is based on the tripod that serves as the organizational foundation, that is, people, structure, and technology. It presents factors that determine and/or influence the organizational structure of the university library, emphasizing the role that it plays in its efficient management.

  2. Organizational learning disabilities and their relation with organizational learning styles in the Msmes

    OpenAIRE

    José Gerardo Ignacio Gómez Romero; María Deyanira Villarreal Solís; Francisco Martín Villarreal Solís

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we examined 200 micro, small and medium enterprises from Durango City, Mexico, in order to find the possible relationship between learning disabilities and organizational learning styles, and its impact on organizational learning. To achieve this we applied a measuring instrument to the afore mentioned companies, it was duly adapted to the context, tested and validated, and the responses were analyzed using a linear regression model, which used the seven learning disabilities a...

  3. Routines and Organizational Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yi, Sangyoon; Becker, Markus; Knudsen, Thorbjørn

    2014-01-01

    Routines have been perceived as a source of inertia in the process of organizational change. In this study, we suggest an overlooked, but prevalent, mechanism by which the inertial nature of routines helps, rather than hinders, organizational adaptation. Routine-level inertia plays a hidden role...

  4. ASPECTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Cebuc Georgiana; Potecea Valeriu

    2009-01-01

    In the last twenty years world-wide companies tried to adapt their organizational culture to the external environment and to the new challenges. Recent crises put to the test organizational culture, in the sense that only companies with a strong and versa

  5. 组织文化传播方式对组织成员心理图式影响的实证研究--基于媒介丰富度视角%An Empirical Study of Impacting on the Schemas of Organizational Members by Organizational Culture Communication Way---Based on Media Richness Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉莉; 刘延平

    2014-01-01

    Based on the different dissemination of richness information, the communication ways of organizational culture can be divided into four different kinds:the high richness, the multiplicity of cues, the personal focus and the low rich-ness. The purpose of the organization cultural communication is to reshaping the schemas of organizational members, which shall meet the need of organizational development. The influence of these four kind of communication methods on the schemas of members is studied by SEM. The conclusions show that the high richness method is the most important way, followed by the multiplicity of cues and the personal focus, while the low richness does not make the schema of members changing;organization managers' attitude has significant impact on the first three methods, but smaller effects on the low richness way; cultural consistency and members personal qualities are not relevant of this communication process, indicating that organizational culture communication is relatively easy in China.%基于信息传播丰富程度的不同,可将组织文化传播方式分为高丰富度、线索多重性、个人化焦点和低丰富度四种不同媒介丰富度的传播方式。组织文化传播的目的是促进组织成员构建出符合组织发展需要的心理图式,本文采用结构方程方法从实证角度研究这四种传播方式对于成员心理图式的影响。研究结果表明,高丰富度传播方式的影响最大,其次为线索多重性传播方式和个人化焦点传播方式,而低丰富度传播方式不会使成员心理图式发生改变;管理者的态度对前三种传播方式有重要影响,但对于低丰富度传播方式的影响较小;文化一致性和成员个人特质对于传播过程的调节效应不显著,说明我国组织文化传播方式发挥作用相对较为容易。

  6. Modeling Organizational Design - Applying A Formalism Model From Theoretical Physics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Fabac

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Modern organizations are exposed to diverse external environment influences. Currently accepted concepts of organizational design take into account structure, its interaction with strategy, processes, people, etc. Organization design and planning aims to align this key organizational design variables. At the higher conceptual level, however, completely satisfactory formulation for this alignment doesn’t exist. We develop an approach originating from the application of concepts of theoretical physics to social systems. Under this approach, the allocation of organizational resources is analyzed in terms of social entropy, social free energy and social temperature. This allows us to formalize the dynamic relationship between organizational design variables. In this paper we relate this model to Galbraith's Star Model and we also suggest improvements in the procedure of the complex analytical method in organizational design.

  7. Organizational Learning with Crowdsourcing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlagwein, Daniel; Bjørn-Andersen, Niels

    2014-01-01

    Extant organizational learning theory conceptualizes organizational learning as an internal, member-based process, sometimes supported by, yet often independent of, IT. Recently, however, several organizations have begun to involve non-members systematically in their learning by using crowdsourcing......, a form of open innovation enabled by state-of-the-art IT. We examine the phenomenon of IT-enabled organizational learning with crowdsourcing in a longitudinal revelatory case study of one such organization, LEGO (2010-14). We studied the LEGO Cuusoo crowdsourcing platform’s secret test in Japan, its...... widely recognized global launch, and its success in generating top-selling LEGO models. Based on an analysis of how crowdsourcing contributes to the organizational learning at LEGO, we propose the “ambient organizational learning” framework. The framework accommodates both traditional, member...

  8. Organizational Communication and Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tække, Jesper

      The paper reflects an interest in the relation between organizational communication and media. It tries to answer the question, how we can observe the relationship between organizational communication and media. It is a work-in-progress which tries to combine organizational studies inspired...... of Niklas Luhmann (Tække & Paulsen 2008, Tække 2008a) with analysis of how organizations communicate in and about media. Using systems theory and form theory, it puts forward a theoretical framework and a strategy for analysing organisational communication in and about media. The medium aspect is inspired...... by the medium theory (Meyrowitz 1985, Finnemann 2005), but framed through media sociography (Tække 2006). In traditional organizational studies the medium perspective is missing or only indirectly observed. In medium theory, on the other hand, the same can be said about organizational studies. Media sociography...

  9. 组织气氛对护士工作投入的影响%The impact of organizational climate on nurses' work engagement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何叶; 侯爱和; 曹美嫦

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究护士感知的组织气氛对其工作投入的影响.方法 对840名临床护士进行组织气氛与工作投入的问卷调查,了解护士感知的组织气氛和护士工作投入的现状并探讨二者之间的关系.结果:护士感知到的组织气氛总均分为(2.79±0.52)分;而工作投入总均分为(2.99±1.23)分.回归分析显示,控制人口学变量后,组织气氛作为自变量可独立预测工作投入的41.0%,其进入回归方程的4个影响因素为管理支持、团队行为、资源保障、质量管理.结论:从组织层面采取措施,提高组织气氛,对促使护士以积极状态投入工作,改善护理服务质量有重要的作用.%Objective To investigate the nurses' perception of organizational climate and work engagement,and analyze the relationships between them. Methods A total of 840 nurses in 5 hospitals were recruited by convenience sampling method and investigated with Nurse's Organizational Climate Scale and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale(UWES). Results Totally 840 questionnaires were issued,and valid questionnaires were 706. The mean score of nurses' perception of organizational climate was 2.79±0.52. The mean score of work engagement was 2.99±1.23. The organizational climate factors including the support of management,group behavior,resources and guarantee,quality management,could predict 41.0 percent of the variance for nurses'work engagement. Conclusion Improving organizational climate has significant role to raise levels of nursers' work engagement,and improve quality of nursing service.

  10. Modeling Organizational Design - Applying A Formalism Model From Theoretical Physics

    OpenAIRE

    Robert Fabac; Josip Stepanić

    2008-01-01

    Modern organizations are exposed to diverse external environment influences. Currently accepted concepts of organizational design take into account structure, its interaction with strategy, processes, people, etc. Organization design and planning aims to align this key organizational design variables. At the higher conceptual level, however, completely satisfactory formulation for this alignment doesn’t exist. We develop an approach originating from the application of concepts of theoretical ...

  11. Culture Analysis: The Interaction of Organizational and National Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Marina Arnoldovna Makarchenko

    2015-01-01

    The article is devoted to the interaction between organizational culture factors. A comparative analysis of the Russian and Argentine companies culture using different methods shows the impact of the national mentality in organizational culture. The thesis is the need to introduce the term "regional culture" in relation to modern Russia.

  12. Strategic Choice and Collective Action: Organizational Determinants of Teachers Militancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bacharach, Samuel B.; And Others

    Conceptualizing militant behavior as a strategic choice involving collective action and occurring within a specific organizational context, this paper examines the impact of various organizational factors on elementary and secondary school teachers' willingness to engage in militant behavior. Teachers in 83 New York districts were surveyed as to…

  13. Organizational versus Individual Responsibility for Career Management: Complements or Substitutes?

    OpenAIRE

    Vos, A; K. DEWETTINCK; D. BUYENS

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between organizational career management and career self-management and addresses their impact on employee outcomes. The results of a study among employees and linemanagers are presented, which partly support our hypotheses. The interaction between organizational and individual career management in explaining employee outcomes is discussed.

  14. Sustaining Motivation and Productivity during Significant Organizational Change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellak, Mary T.

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of organizational change and possible negative effects which can impact organizational performance focuses on ways a manager can identify problems with employee motivation and productivity and address them in a supportive manner. Topics include clear expectations, open communication, and recognizing employee efforts. (Author/LRW)

  15. How Knowledge Management Is Affected by Organizational Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoudsalehi, Mehdi; Moradkhannejad, Roya; Safari, Khalil

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Identifying the impact of organizational structure on knowledge management (KM) is the aim of this study, as well as recognizing the importance of each variable indicator in creating, sharing and utility of knowledge. Design/methodology/approach: For understanding relationships between the main variables (organizational structure-KM), the…

  16. Organizational Culture and Internationalization: A Brief Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nussbaumer, Alison

    2013-01-01

    This brief literature review introduces an area of emerging research about the impact of organizational culture on institutional strategies for internationalization. The review begins by introducing the concept of organizational culture, particularly within higher education. Five articles published between 2003 and 2012 are examined that introduce…

  17. Three Tails of Organizational Innovation: from the Value Creation Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lin, Chih-Cheng; Ma, Zheng

    2012-01-01

    the Rogers’ landmark article (1995) by indicating three different organizational innovation processes with different value impact, named “three tails”. It also contributed knowledge to the literature on organizational innovation process by describing value creation and transfer among individuals, groups...

  18. The Effects of Locus of Control, Organizational Justice Perception and Organizational Commitment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Basım, Prof. Dr. H. Nejat

    2015-01-01

    Personal and organizational factors, which have effect on personal behaviors, can increase organizational performance and effectiveness by protecting the organization from unwanted behaviors and can have an effect on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCB). In this study, locus of control (LOC) has been included to the research as a personal variable and organizational justice perception and organizational commitment have been included to the research as organizational variables to put...

  19. A study on the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment

    OpenAIRE

    Jalil Ghafourian

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a study on the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment in Iran. The proposed study designs a questionnaire and distributes it among some employees of Islamic Azad University and, using structural equation modeling, we investigate the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship as well as organizational commitment. The study selects 142 people from 255 regular employees who work for the university and d...

  20. Rewarding Useful Suggestions in an Organizational Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajko Vidic

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Research Question (RQ: Do organizational unit leaders reward useful suggestions? How does the rewarding of useful employee suggestions encourage creativity and effectiveness? Purpose: On the basis of group conversations through focus groups, to determine whether rewarding effects the creativity and performance of employees. Method: Quantitative method using focus groups. Results: The results of the research study showed that the organizational unit appropriately rewards useful suggestions and that this has an impact on employee creativity and efficiency. In addition, the massive inventive activity is a system that effectively influences the success of business. Organization: Massive inventive activity has become a system in which increasingly more employees from different organizational units are becoming a part of. An important role is by managers, who are responsible for creating a positive atmosphere and encourage employees into innovative thinking, performance, and rewarding of useful suggestions. Society: The research shows that this is part of the organizational culture and that it is necessary to transfer to new employees. Originality: This is the first such research in our organizational unit. Limitations/Future Research: The research study was conducted in only one organizational unit of the company.

  1. The Relationship between Organizational Culture, Usability, and Instructional Technology Acceptance

    OpenAIRE

    Kothaneth, Shreya

    2012-01-01

    The advent of technology has put a number of institutions in a state of reform (Wolcott, 1997). In fact, it was predicted that technology would completely transform higher education by the end of the twentieth century (Sculley, 1989). Aside from the demographic make-up of the majority of current students (Howe & Strauss, 2000), moving away from the traditional lecture-format to one with the integration of instructional technology can enhance the teaching/learning environment (Bolger & Sprow, ...

  2. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES IN SOME EU COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Raluca Goldbach

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The comparative analysis of organizational structures highlights similarities and differences between different factors influencing a company in its way of operation with the internal and/or external environment. The paper analyzes the organizational structures of some top companies from England, France and Romania that influence/determine the cultural organizational values and the norms elaborated and implemented, which, in time, become moral values and norms that acquire a social meaning, which means that they have been accepted by all the members of the organization.

  3. Organizational climate and culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Benjamin; Ehrhart, Mark G; Macey, William H

    2013-01-01

    Organizational climate and organizational culture theory and research are reviewed. The article is first framed with definitions of the constructs, and preliminary thoughts on their interrelationships are noted. Organizational climate is briefly defined as the meanings people attach to interrelated bundles of experiences they have at work. Organizational culture is briefly defined as the basic assumptions about the world and the values that guide life in organizations. A brief history of climate research is presented, followed by the major accomplishments in research on the topic with regard to levels issues, the foci of climate research, and studies of climate strength. A brief overview of the more recent study of organizational culture is then introduced, followed by samples of important thinking and research on the roles of leadership and national culture in understanding organizational culture and performance and culture as a moderator variable in research in organizational behavior. The final section of the article proposes an integration of climate and culture thinking and research and concludes with practical implications for the management of effective contemporary organizations. Throughout, recommendations are made for additional thinking and research.

  4. The organizational stress measure: an integrated methodology for assessing job-stress and targeting organizational interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spurgeon, Peter; Mazelan, Patti; Barwell, Fred

    2012-02-01

    This paper briefly describes the OSM (Organizational Stress Measure) which was developed over a decade ago and has evolved to become a well-established practical method not only for assessing wellbeing at work but also as a cost-effective strategy to tackle workplace stress. The OSM measures perceived organizational pressures and felt individual strains within the same instrument, and provides a rich and subtle picture of both the organizational culture and the personal perspectives of the constituent staff groups. There are many types of organizational pressure that may impact upon the wellbeing and potential effectiveness of staff including skill shortages, ineffective strategic planning and poor leadership, and these frequently result in reduced performance, absenteeism, high turnover and poor staff morale. These pressures may increase the probability of some staff reacting negatively and research with the OSM has shown that increased levels of strain for small clusters of staff may be a leading indicator of future organizational problems. One of the main benefits of using the OSM is the ability to identify 'hot-spots', where organizational pressures are triggering high levels of personal strain in susceptible clusters of staff. In this way, the OSM may act as an 'early warning alarm' for potential organizational problems. PMID:22323666

  5. Perceived Organizational Support Impacts on the Associations of Work-Family Conflict or Family-Work Conflict with Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Doctors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Junhui; Wang, Jiana; Liu, Li; Wu, Wei; Wu, Hui

    2016-03-16

    As a common mental disorder, depressive symptoms had been studied extensively all over the world. However, positive resources for combating depressive symptoms among Chinese doctors were rarely studied. Our study aimed to investigate the relationships between work-family conflict (WFC) and family-work conflict (FWC) with depressive symptoms among Chinese doctors. Meanwhile, the role of perceived organizational support (POS) in this association was explored at an organizational level. The investigation was conducted between March and April 2014. Questionnaires that measured WFC, FWC, depressive symptoms and POS were distributed to 1200 doctors in Shenyang, China. The final study subjects were 931 doctors (effective response rate: 77.6%). In all analyses, male and female doctors were analyzed separately because of possible gender differences. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were used to examine the moderating role of POS. Baron and Kenny's technique and asymptotic and resampling strategies were used to explore the mediating role of POS on the associations of WFC or FWC with depressive symptoms. WFC and FWC had positive relations with depressive symptoms among doctors. POS played a partial mediating role on the correlation of FWC with depressive symptoms among male doctors, and POS played a partial mediating role on the correlation of WFC with depressive symptoms among female doctors. POS had a positive moderating effect on the relationship between WFC and depressive symptoms among doctors. WFC and FWC could aggravate doctors' depressive symptoms, and POS, as an organizational resource, could fight against doctors' depressive symptoms. When POS functioned as a mediator, FWC had a negative effect on POS, which could increase male doctors' depressive symptoms, and WFC had a negative effect on POS, which could increase female doctors' depressive symptoms. In the meantime, POS, as a moderator, could enhance the effects of WFC on depressive symptoms.

  6. Leadership and Organizational Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋丽娜

    2015-01-01

    This essay attempts to explore the relationship between leaders, organizational culture, and national culture. Leaders cre⁃ate“climate of the organization”with six mechanisms. Furthermore, leaders style of management is considerably influenced by their national culture based on Hofstede’s organizational culture theory. Varieties of examples and cases are analyzed to illustrate that leadership beliefs and practices have direct relationship with organizational culture and shape their individualistic communica⁃tion styles and goals that influence to a significant degree in establishing shared values, beliefs and practices among employees within an organization.

  7. Hayek and Organizational Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    We briefly survey Hayek’s work and argue for its increasing relevance for organizational scholars. Hayek’s work inspired aspects of the transaction cost approach to the firm as well as knowledge management and knowledge-based view of the firm. But Hayek is usually seen within organizational...... scholarship as a narrow, technical economist. We hope to change that perception here by pointing to his work on rules, evolution, entrepreneurship and other aspects of his wide-ranging oeuvre with substantive implications for organizational theory....

  8. Exploring the Strategic Role of Human Resource Development in Organizational Crisis Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jia; Hutchins, Holly M.; Garavan, Thomas N.

    2009-01-01

    Crisis management has been a largely overlooked territory in human resource development (HRD) despite the increasingly recognized impact of organizational crises on the individual and organizational performance. This article explores the strategic role of HRD in the context of organizational crisis management using Garavan's strategic HRD model as…

  9. Organizational Silence in Universities as the Predictor of Organizational Culture

    OpenAIRE

    Erkan YAMAN; Kayhan RUÇLAR

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between the sense of organizational silence and the organizational culture the instructors perceived. In this study, the scale for determining organizational culture developed by İpek (1999) and the scale for measuring organizational silence developed by Çakıcı (2007) and adapted by Soycan (2010) are used. No remarkable difference was found in the academic staff's sense of organizational silence degree according to their genders and educa...

  10. Perceived organizational support and organizational trust in primary schools

    OpenAIRE

    Sultan Bilge Keskinkılıç Kara; Demet Zafer Güneş; Nazlı Nazar Aydoğan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to determine the relationship between organizational support and organizational trust of teachers. Organizational support is recognizing the contribution of employees, appreciating and paying attention to them in the organizations. Organizational trust refers to an organizational climate that the employees behave each other in an honest, realistic, helpful and coherent way. The study sample involves 470 primary school teachers working in Tuzla during 2013-2...

  11. Organizational citizenship behavior towards sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Chowdhury, Dhiman Deb

    2013-01-01

    This article extends literature of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) in the context of corporate sustainability. The author presents the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behavior towards Sustainability (OCBS) as a variant, contending it's appropriateness for today's much needed behavioral competence to implement sustainability measure at organizational level. The formulation of OCBS espouses Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) with a twist. The viewpoint defended that a for...

  12. More Than Rumors. Understanding the Organizational Grapevine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaremba, Alan

    Because the grapevine can precipitate managerial nightmares (employee resentment, distorted messages, instant diffusion of incendiary rumors), managers are well-advised to study this informal communications network and diffuse its organizational impact. This paper discusses the development, accuracy, resilience, and management of the grapevine.…

  13. 组织支持感与心理授权对护士工作生活质量的影响%The impact of perceived organizational support and psychological empowerment on nurses' quality of work life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗鸿超; 黎燕英; 孙妍; 陈玲; 邓爱辉

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact of perceived organizational support and psychological empowerment on nurses' quality of work life. Methods A total of 522 nurses were recruited by cluster sampling method from three 3-A hospitals. Results The mean score of nurses' quality of work life was 2.951 ±0.576. The nurses showed the lowest level of satisfaction in the factors of promotion system and work welfare. The score of quality of work life was significantly correlated with the score of perceived organizational support and psychological empowerment. Psychological empowerment partly mediated the relationship between organizational support and nurses' quality of work life. Conclusions Nursing administrators should pay close attention to nurses' quality of work life,and take actions to create favorable organizational support for nurses in order to enhance nurses' perception of psychological empowerment work environment, and thereby to promote the quality of work life.%目的 探讨组织支持感、心理授权对护士工作生活质量的影响.方法 使用整群抽样法对衡阳市3所三级甲等综合医院522名护士进行调查.结果 护士工作生活质量得分为(2.951±0.576)分,以升迁制度和工作福利两个维度得分最低.组织支持感、心理授权与护士工作生活质量存在显著正相关,心理授权在组织支持感对护士工作生活质量的影响中起部分中介作用.结论 管理者应重视护士工作生活质量,创造良好的组织支持系统,以利于护士心理授权环境的形成,进而提升护士工作生活质量.

  14. A survey relation of organizational culture and organizational citizenship behavior with employees’ empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyyed Ebrahim Sadati

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to study the relationship between organizational culture and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB with employees’ empowerment. Empowering employee’s breeds success by providing a suitable framework to utilize the necessary skills in an attempt to realize organizational goals. In this paper, four dimensions of employees’ empowerment including meaningfulness, choice, competence and impact are investigated. We also identify four dimensions for organizational culture including adaptability, consistency, involvement and mission. The paper also specifies five basic dimensions of OCB, which consists of altruism, conscientiousness, sportsmanship, courtesy and civic virtue. These basic dimensions of both independent and dependent variables construct the research conceptual model and the required data is gathered from the Tehran Municipality. This proposed study considers 180 employees who participated in our survey. The investigation of the proposed model is also performed based on the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM.

  15. Outsource the Clients Management? A Study about the Impact of the Facilities Management Activity Outsourcing in the Satisfaction of Organizational Clients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hellio Calian Martins

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Satisfaction is the subject of several studies because of the managerial implications related to customer loyalty and business sustainability. This study aims to assess the satisfaction of organizational clients of Shopping Centers (SC with the technical and environmental services that provide the necessary conditions for the retail practice denominated facilities management (FM. FM involves a wide range of services to retailers to ensure normal operation (HR and finance management, real estate and Legal advice, IT repairs .... The services can be managed and/or performed by internal or external staff. FM activities are quite subject to contractual and environmental problems. Although most of the time they are invisible to consumers attending the SC, when they are poorly performed, the effects can be devastating, causing dissatisfaction among consumers and retailers. Data collected at two big SC in Rio de Janeiro were statistically analyzed. Results show evidence that this management option has significant relevance in customer satisfaction and there is also evidence that the shopkeeper satisfaction is lower when the FM is outsourced. This work aims to contribute to retail management, specifically SC management, by analyzing the satisfaction of organizational clients with services of FM and may provide more information for better decision making.

  16. Varieties of Organizational Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pondy, Louis R.

    1969-01-01

    The viewpoints and findings of the seven empirical studies of organizational conflict contained in this issue are compared and contrasted. A distinction is made between conflict within a stable organization structure and conflict aimed at changing the organization structure. (Author)

  17. Translating organizational change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheuer, John Damm

    2016-01-01

    This paper takes it point of departure in actor-network-theory (ANT). It responds to the Next Management Theory tracks call for papers that address and further develops our understanding of organizational change as translation processes. It moreover addresses a critique of ANT researchers...... in organizational studies for making descriptions of studied empirical phenomena rather than developing theories and giving normative advice about how organizations or organizational change processes may be theorized, analyzed, managed and/or organized better. A new ANT-inspired theory about the characteristics...... of organizations, organizational change and change agents is therefore developed combining ANT with other theories. The relevance of this view is demonstrated in an analysis of a case where a nurse and the leader of a clinic for orthopedic surgery try to translate and thus implement a risk-management and deviation...

  18. ENTERPRISE AND ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DORU CÎRNU

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Environmental adaptation and behavioral integration are two major problems the organization of this beginning of century is confronting with. Organizational culture is one of the solutions to solving these problems. The paper presents the characteristics of organizational culture and the degree of influence on it by the different levels of managers. The most important part of the paper presents how managers can change the culture of organizations through influencing the cultural web of it

  19. Evolving to organizational learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bechtold, B L

    2000-02-01

    To transform in stride with the business changes, organizations need to think of development as "organizational learning" rather than "training." Companies need to manage learning as a strategic competitive advantage for current and future business rather than as a perk for individuals. To position themselves for success in a dynamic business environment, companies need to reframe their concept of learning and development to a mindset of organizational learning. PMID:11184906

  20. The Effect of Organizational Justice and Perceived Organizational Support on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Organizational Identification

    OpenAIRE

    Demir,

    2015-01-01

    Problem of Study: Research on social exchange relationships does not take into account another vital component of organizational life—namely an individual’s sense of belonging and identity. Organizational identification is one of the most crucial factors holding employees together and keeping them committed to the organization. Many studies demonstrated that organizational identification is positively related to organizational citizenship behavior. Some researchers have suggested that organiz...

  1. The Effect of Organizational Justice and Organizational Cynicism on the Organizational Commitment: An Application in Primary Education Institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Cemal Aküzüm

    2014-01-01

    There is a large cycle of works on regarding organizational justice, organizational cynicism and organizational commitment of teachers. However, no study has been found that has been conducted on the correlation among effect of organizational justice, organizational cynicism and organizational commitment and their explaining ratios of each other. The level of correlation and the effect of the organizational justice, organizational cynicism and organizational commitment with ...

  2. Çalışanların Örgütsel Güven ve Sinizm Algılarının Örgütsel Bağlılıkları Üzerindeki Rolü(The Role of Employees’ Organizational Trust and Cynicism Perceptions on Organizational Commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolga TÜRKÖZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Organizational commitment perceptions, can have positive effects in organizations and may have advantageous impacts on individual and organizational job performance. Various organizational perceptions such as trust in the positive way and cynicism in the negative way may influence individuals’ behaviors within organizations and these organizational perceptions may also have effects on the organizational commitment perceptions. This study was conducted to reveal the role of employees’ organizational trust and cynicism perceptions on organizational commitment. For this aim, the data were collected from 371 employees in manufactoring sector and analyzed in the structural equation model framework. According to the results of the research, it was found that there is significant positive relationship between organizational trust and organizational commitment, on the contrary negative relation with organizational cynicism and commitment. Furthernore, this research consequence indicates that organizational trust and organizational cynicism perceptions of employees predict organizational commitment.

  3. Illuminating employees’ organizational silence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaber Moghaddampour

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Undoubtedly, human capital is the main source of knowledge generation, which leads to a competitive advantage and sustainability of organizations. When managers pay more attention to such capital, they will be able to lead their organization, more effectively. In such route, the managers should look for their employees’ opinions on policies/plans of the organization and learn how to run the organization and organizational challenges. They should use their employees’ knowledge to improve the quality of decisions, they should encourage them to share their ideas and protect them from organizational silence. Thus, human capitals will be obviously considered as strategic capitals of an organization. Concerning the importance of organizational sound, the status of organizational silence is studied in 13 selected organizations in Qom Province – as one the biggest Iranian provinces. The findings indicate that organizational silence in Qom selected organizations is not in an ideal status and the current level should be mitigated. Likewise, findings show that there is no significant difference between organizational silence in Qom selected organizations in terms of demographic variables.

  4. Identifying the Reducing Resistance to Change Phase in an Organizational Change Model

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Bradutanu

    2012-01-01

    In this article we examine where in an organizational change process it is better to place the reducing resistance to change phase, so that employees would accept the new changes easier and not manifest too much resistance. After analyzing twelve organizational change models we have concluded that the place of the reducing resistance to change phase in an organizational change process is not the same, it being modified according to the type of change. The results of this study are helpful for...

  5. 基于上下级关系的沟通开放性对组织承诺的影响研究%Impact of Communication Openness to Organizational Commitment Based on Superior-Subordinate Relationships

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彧彧; 黄小科; 丁国林; 严肃

    2011-01-01

    This research is established in Chinese context, and by measuring a sample of 315 employees from Chinese enterprises, it attempts to examine the impacts of communication openness on organizational commitment and the mediating effects of leader-member exchange and Guanxi in this process. Also, we explore the impacts of age, education, position level on these variables. The main findings are shown as follows. Firstly, communication openness is significantly related to LMX,guanxi and organizational commitment. Secondly, guanxi fully mediates the relationship between communication openness and organizational commitment. Thirdly, LMX doesn't mediate the relationship between communication openness and organizational commitment directly. This research finds that personal guanxi between supervisor and subordinate plays an important role in Chinese enterprises, and the suggestions for Chinese enterprises from the result are as follows. Chinese enterprises should build effective formal communication networks to ensure that any information can transmit without obstacle. Supervisors should be more open to subordinates, especially strengthen the initiative of communication. In addition to formal LMX, supervisors need to keep good personal guanxi with subordinates, and spend time caring them to win subordinates' commitment, thus increase employees' organizational commitment.%对315位中国企业的员工进行测试,探讨沟通开放性对组织承诺的影响以及领导-成员交换和"关系"在此过程中的中介作用,并考察年龄、学历、职位级别等个人特征对各变量的影响.研究结论表明:①组织中沟通开放性对员工组织承诺有正向的影响;②沟通开放性对领导-成员交换和上下级"关系"均有正向的影响;③"关系"在沟通开放性与员工组织承诺的关系中起完全中介作用;④领导-成员交换不直接在沟通开放性与员工组织承诺的关系中起中介作用.在此基础上对中国企业提

  6. Using diffusion of innovation theory to understand the factors impacting patient acceptance and use of consumer e-health innovations: a case study in a primary care clinic

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Xiaojun; Yu, Ping; Yan, Jun; Spil, Ton

    2015-01-01

    Background Consumer e-Health is a potential solution to the problems of accessibility, quality and costs of delivering public healthcare services to patients. Although consumer e-Health has proliferated in recent years, it remains unclear if patients are willing and able to accept and use this new and rapidly developing technology. Therefore, the aim of this research is to study the factors influencing patients’ acceptance and usage of consumer e-health innovations. Methods A simple but typic...

  7. Types of social support and parental acceptance among transfemale youth and their impact on mental health, sexual debut, history of sex work and condomless anal intercourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Victory; Arayasirikul, Sean; Chen, Yea-Hung; Jin, Harry; Wilson, Erin C

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Transfemale youth (TFY) are an underserved and understudied population at risk for numerous poor physical and mental health outcomes, most notably HIV. Research suggests that parental acceptance and social support may serve as protective factors against HIV and other risks for TFY; however, it is unclear whether TFY receive primary social support from parents with or without parental acceptance of their gender identity. This study examines differences in parental acceptance, mental health and the HIV risk factors of history of sex work, age at sexual debut and engagement in condomless anal intercourse between TFY with two types of primary social support – non-parental primary social support (NPPSS) and parental primary social support (PPSS). Methods Cross-sectional data collected from 301 TFY from 2012 to 2014 in the San Francisco Bay Area were analyzed to determine differences in parental acceptance, mental health and HIV risk factors between youth with and without PPSS. Univariate statistics and chi-squared tests were conducted to determine if parental acceptance and health outcomes were correlated with type of social support. Results Two-hundred fifty-one participants (83.7%) reported having NPPSS, and 49 (16.3%) reported PPSS. Significantly more youth with PPSS reported affirmative responses on parental acceptance items than their NPPSS counterparts. For example, 87.8% of youth with PPSS reported that their parents believed they could have a happy future as a trans adult, compared with 51.6% of youth with NPPSS (prisk factors. Conclusions These results suggest that TFY with parental acceptance of their gender identity may be more likely to reach out to their parents as their primary source of social support. Interventions focused on parental acceptance of their child's gender identity may have the most promise for creating parental social support systems in the lives of TFY. PMID:27431467

  8. The Effect of the Organizational Commitment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior the Mediating Role of the Organızational Justice: A Research on the Manufacturing Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Cem GÜÇEL

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to reveal not only the impact of organizational commitment (OC) and organizational justice (OJ) on organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB) but also the influence of OJ on the association between OB and OCB. The findings based on analyses, which are conducted to the data collected from the firms located in OSTİM Organized Industrial Area in Ankara, demonstrate that OC and OJ have positive impact on OCB while OJ has a mediating effect on the association between OC and OCB.

  9. The Relationship between Organizational Justice and Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad G. Chegini

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Organizational justice and its relationship with citizenship behavior is one of the basic and important subjects of successful organizations. In this competitive world, making a sense of organizational justice in staff, increases functional ability and organizational citizenship behavior. Approach: This research includes 5 hypotheses which evaluate the relationship between organizational justice dimensions and organizational citizenship behavior. Organizational justice dimensions consist of: organizational justice, distributive justice, policy justice, inter individual justice and informational justice. The present research method is analytical-descriptive and its type is correlation. The method of collecting data is questionnaire. It is also a field research. Results: The findings of this research show that all the organizational justice dimensions which were qualified by correlation coefficient test are positively related to organizational citizenship behavior. Thus, the hypotheses were verified. Conclusion: Finally, informational justice mechanisms should be planned in a way that policies and relations are made justly.

  10. Organizational Aspects Of Family Welfare Programme In India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaurasia A R

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Family welfare can be regarded as an organization in the larger distributive network of development services. In such an organization, administrative capacity plays an important role. The present study analyses the performances of India’s National Family welfare programme in the context of its administrative efficiency and organizational capacity. By utilizing the productivity of the staff cost efficiency and expenditure per staff. This article analyses the impact of the organizational the impact of the organizational aspects of the programme on the performance of the programme.

  11. Safety culture management: The importance of organizational factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of safety culture has been used extensively to explain the underlying causes of performance based events, both positive and negative, across the nuclear industry. The work described in this paper represents several years of effort to identify, define and assess the organizational factors important to safe performance in nuclear power plants (NPPs). The research discussed in this paper is primarily conducted in support of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) efforts in understanding the impact of organizational performance on safety. As a result of a series of research activities undertaken by numerous NRC contractors, a collection of organizational dimensions has been identified and defined. These dimensions represent what is believed to be a comprehensive taxonomy of organizational elements that relate to the safe operation of nuclear power plants. Techniques were also developed by which to measure these organizational dimensions, and include structured interview protocols, behavioral checklists, and behavioral anchored rating scales (BARS). Recent efforts have focused on devising a methodology for the extraction of information related to the identified organizational dimensions from existing NRC documentation. This type of effort would assess the applicability of the organizational dimensions to existing NRC inspection and evaluation reports, refine the organizational dimensions previously developed so they are more relevant to the task of retrospective analysis, and attempt to rate plants based on the review of existing NRC documentation using the techniques previously developed for the assessment of organizational dimensions

  12. Positive Organizational Potential, Organizational Commitment and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour: a French/Polish comparison

    OpenAIRE

    Peyrat-Guillard, Dominique; Glińska-Neweś, Aldona

    2010-01-01

    The analyses presented in this paper are based on the first step of the research project concerning the links between Positive Organizational Potential (POP), Organizational Commitment (OC) and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB). The survey was conducted in two samples and covered French and Polish firms. The results support a model adopted in the analysis and thus the importance of influence of POP, organizational culture and climate on employees’ behaviours and Organizational Develo...

  13. Role of job satisfaction components in organizational efficiency (Case Study: Fars Pegah Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hussein Motaghi Pisheh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to evaluate the role of job satisfaction components in organizational efficiency, the statistical population of this study consisted of staff working in human resource management and finance and accounting units of Fars Pegah Milk Company including 40 people, among them 15% was selected as a sample. To collect information both job satisfaction and organizational efficiency questionnaires were used and their reliability were determined 84% and 88%, respectively. In this study, Pearson correlation coefficients test was used to identify the relationship between independent variables and dependent variables, and Friedman ANOVA test was used to rank each of the independent variables included in the study based on the importance and impact that they have on the dependent variable. The research results show that in 95% validity, Sig =0.004, so we reject the null hypothesis and accept the other hypothesis. According to the respondents, there is a significant relationship between job satisfaction and organizational efficiency, and since Pearson correlation coefficient is 0.472 for the test, therefore, so it is a direct relationship Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA

  14. Influence of organizational factors on safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is a need for a better understanding of exactly how organizational management factors at a nuclear power plant (NPP) affect plant safety performance, either directly or indirectly, and how these factors might be observed, measured, and evaluated. The purpose of this research project is to respond to that need by developing a general methodology for characterizing these organizational and management factors, systematically collecting information on their status and integrating that information into various types of evaluative activities. Research to date has included the development of the Nuclear Organization and Management Analysis Concept (NOMAC) of a NPP, the identification of key organizational and management factors, and the identification of the methods for systematically measuring and analyzing the influence of these factors on performance. Most recently, two field studies, one at a fossil fuel plant and the other at a NPP, were conducted using the developed methodology. Results are presented from both studies highlighting the acceptability, practicality, and usefulness of the methods used to assess the influence of various organizational and management factors including culture, communication, decision-making, standardization, and oversight. 6 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab

  15. Influence of organizational factors on safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haber, S.B.; Metlay, D.S.; Crouch, D.A.

    1990-01-01

    There is a need for a better understanding of exactly how organizational management factors at a nuclear power plant (NPP) affect plant safety performance, either directly or indirectly, and how these factors might be observed, measured, and evaluated. The purpose of this research project is to respond to that need by developing a general methodology for characterizing these organizational and management factors, systematically collecting information on their status and integrating that information into various types of evaluative activities. Research to date has included the development of the Nuclear Organization and Management Analysis Concept (NOMAC) of a NPP, the identification of key organizational and management factors, and the identification of the methods for systematically measuring and analyzing the influence of these factors on performance. Most recently, two field studies, one at a fossil fuel plant and the other at a NPP, were conducted using the developed methodology. Results are presented from both studies highlighting the acceptability, practicality, and usefulness of the methods used to assess the influence of various organizational and management factors including culture, communication, decision-making, standardization, and oversight. 6 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Software Process Improvement as Organizational Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mûller, Sune Dueholm; Mathiassen, Lars; Balshøj, Hans Henrik

    2010-01-01

    change and how is this knowledge presented and published? To answer this question, we analyzed SPI research publications with a main emphasis on organizational change using Gareth Morgan’s organizational metaphors (1996) as analytical lenses. In addition, we characterized each article along the following...... that the literature as a whole is firmly grounded in both theory and practice, it appropriately targets both practitioner and academic audiences, and Scandinavian and American researchers are the main contributors. However, the distribution of articles across Morgan’s metaphors is uneven and reveals knowledge gaps...... that present new avenues for research. The current literature offers important insights into organizational change in SPI when viewed through machine, organism, flux and transformation, and brain metaphors. Practitioners may use these articles to guide SPI initiatives. In contrast, the impact of culture...

  17. Quality assurance and organizational effectiveness in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hetherington, R W

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore some aspects of a general theoretical model within which research on the organizational impacts of quality assurance programs in hospitals may be examined. Quality assurance is conceptualized as an organizational control mechanism, operating primarily through increased formalization of structures and specification of procedures. Organizational effectiveness is discussed from the perspective of the problem-solving theory of organizations, wherein effective organizations are those which maintain at least average performance in all four system problem areas simultaneously (goal-attainment, integration, adaptation and pattern-maintenance). It is proposed that through the realization of mutual benefits for both professionals and the bureaucracy, quality assurance programs can maximize such effective performance in hospitals.

  18. 政府公职人员微博接受意愿的影响因素研究%Impact Factors of Public Acceptance Intention of Microblogging with Government Officials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关欣; 张钟文; 张楠; 孟庆国

    2012-01-01

    对政府公职人员微博接受意愿的影响因素进行实证研究,结果表明:政府公职人员的微博接受意愿会受到主观人文认知和客观技术环境两个层面的影响;感知风险对于微博接受意愿的负向影响最为显著;绩效期望、付出期望、便利条件、信任网络、社会影响这些要素对微博接受意愿均存在显著正向影响。%This paper does an empirical study on impacting factors of public acceptance intention of microblogging with government officials group. The research indicates: The acceptance intention would be affected by two aspects of subjective humanistic cognition and objective technology environment. The negative impact on perceived risk to acceptance intention of microblogging is the most signif- icant. But performance expectancy, effort expectancy, facilitating conditions, trust networks and social influence have the significant positive effects to acceptance intention.

  19. Institutional pressures and marketing ethics initiatives: the focal role of organizational identity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.D. Martin; J.L. Johnson; J.J. French

    2011-01-01

    Institutional theory implies that normative societal expectations create pressures for organizations to respond acceptably to important institutional constituents. Although the role of the institutional environment on marketing has been studied, the organizational mechanisms by which firms respond t

  20. The Mindful Way Through the Semester: Evaluating the Impact of Integrating an Acceptance-Based Behavioral Program Into a First-Year Experience Course for Undergraduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danitz, Sara B; Suvak, Michael K; Orsillo, Susan M

    2016-07-01

    Preventing and reducing depression in first-year college students are crucial areas in need of attention and resources. Programs that are cost-effective and time-efficient, that have replicable benefits across samples, are sorely needed. This study aims to examine whether a previously studied acceptance-based behavioral (ABBT) program, the Mindful Way Through the Semester (MWTS), is effective in comparison to a control condition at decreasing levels of depression and enhancing acceptance and academic values when integrated into a first-year undergraduate experience course. The current study also sought to examine the association between change in acceptance, mindfulness practice, and values practice on outcomes. Two hundred thirteen students were assigned to either the MWTS workshop condition or the control condition (in which the first-year experience curriculum as usual was received). Results revealed that the workshop condition produced larger decreases in depression over the course of the semester relative to the control condition, but only for participants endorsing higher levels of depression at baseline. Further, for participants in the workshop condition, changes in depression were negatively associated with changes in acceptance (i.e., larger increases in acceptance associated with larger decreases in depression), an association that was not statistically significant in the control group. Lastly, for participants in the workshop condition who endorsed higher levels of depression at baseline, mindfulness and values practice was associated with greater reductions in depression. Implications of these findings for future interventions are discussed. PMID:27423165

  1. The impact of nurses' perceived organizational support and job satisfaction on their turnover intention%护士组织支持感、工作满意度对离职倾向的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵瑾; 冯晨秋; 赵菁

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨护士组织支持感、工作满意度对离职倾向的影响,并建立三者的关系模型。方法:应用护士组织支持感问卷、卡劳斯克/米勒满意度量表和离职倾向量表对某三级甲等综合医院592名注册护士进行调查,应用SPSS 17.0和AMOS17.0统计软件对结果进行分析。结果:护士组织支持感平均得分为(3.23±0.76)分,工作满意度的平均得分为(3.06±0.56)分,离职倾向的平均得分为(12.87±3.77)分。护士组织支持感与工作满意度呈显著正相关,与离职倾向呈显著负相关,工作满意度与离职倾向呈显著负相关;工作满意度在护士组织支持感对离职倾向的影响中起部分中介作用,中介效应为-0.224,占总效应的43.6%。结论:管理者应创造良好的组织支持系统,通过提高工作满意度降低护士离职倾向。%Objective: To investigate the impact of nurses' perceived organizational support and job satisfaction on their turnover intention, and to establish a model of this relationship. Methods: Totally 592 nurses from a 3-A grade hospital were investigated with Survey of Nurse Perceived Organizational Support (SNPOS), McCloskey/Mueller Satisfaction Scale (MMSS) and Turnover Intention Scale. The data were analyzed by SPSS 17.0 and AMOS 17.0. Results: The mean scores of SNPOS, MMSS, Turnover Intention Scale were 3.23±0.76, 3.06±0.56, and 12.87±3.77, respectively. Perceived organizational support had positive correlation with job satisfaction and negative correlation with turnover intention. The job satisfaction had negative correlation with turnover intention. The job satisfaction mediated between nurse perceived organizational support and turnover intention, with the mediation effect of -0.224, and explained 43.6% of the total effects. Conclusion: Nursing administrators should provide favorable organizational support to nurses in order to enhance their job satisfaction and decrease

  2. Achieveing Organizational Excellence Through

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Abzari

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available AbstractToday, In order to create motivation and desirable behavior in employees, to obtain organizational goals,to increase human resources productivity and finally to achieve organizational excellence, top managers oforganizations apply new and effective strategies. One of these strategies to achieve organizational excellenceis creating desirable corporate culture. This research has been conducted to identify the path to reachorganizational excellence by creating corporate culture according to the standards and criteria oforganizational excellence. The result of the so-called research is this paper in which researchers foundtwenty models and components of corporate culture and based on the Industry, organizational goals andEFQM model developed a model called "The Eskimo model of Culture-Excellence". The method of theresearch is survey and field study and the questionnaires were distributed among 116 managers andemployees. To assess the reliability of questionnaires, Cronbach alpha was measured to be 95% in the idealsituation and 0/97 in the current situation. Systematic sampling was done and in the pre-test stage 45questionnaires were distributed. A comparison between the current and the ideal corporate culture based onthe views of managers and employees was done and finally it has been concluded that corporate culture isthe main factor to facilitate corporate excellence and success in order to achieve organizational effectiveness.The contribution of this paper is that it proposes a localized –applicable model of corporate excellencethrough reinforcing corporate culture.

  3. Types of social support and parental acceptance among transfemale youth and their impact on mental health, sexual debut, history of sex work and condomless anal intercourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victory Le

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Transfemale youth (TFY are an underserved and understudied population at risk for numerous poor physical and mental health outcomes, most notably HIV. Research suggests that parental acceptance and social support may serve as protective factors against HIV and other risks for TFY; however, it is unclear whether TFY receive primary social support from parents with or without parental acceptance of their gender identity. This study examines differences in parental acceptance, mental health and the HIV risk factors of history of sex work, age at sexual debut and engagement in condomless anal intercourse between TFY with two types of primary social support – non-parental primary social support (NPPSS and parental primary social support (PPSS. Methods: Cross-sectional data collected from 301 TFY from 2012 to 2014 in the San Francisco Bay Area were analyzed to determine differences in parental acceptance, mental health and HIV risk factors between youth with and without PPSS. Univariate statistics and chi-squared tests were conducted to determine if parental acceptance and health outcomes were correlated with type of social support. Results: Two-hundred fifty-one participants (83.7% reported having NPPSS, and 49 (16.3% reported PPSS. Significantly more youth with PPSS reported affirmative responses on parental acceptance items than their NPPSS counterparts. For example, 87.8% of youth with PPSS reported that their parents believed they could have a happy future as a trans adult, compared with 51.6% of youth with NPPSS (p<0.001. Fewer participants with PPSS reported symptoms of psychological distress (2.0% vs. 12.5%, p=0.057, though this finding was not statistically significant; no significant associations were found between primary social support type and HIV risk factors. Conclusions: These results suggest that TFY with parental acceptance of their gender identity may be more likely to reach out to their parents as their primary

  4. The Organizational Economics of Organizational Capability and Heterogeneity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Argyres, Nicholas; Felin, Teppo;

    For decades, the literatures on firm capabilities and organizational economics have been at odds with each other, specifically relative to explaining organizational boundaries and heterogeneity. We briefly trace the history of the relationship between the capabilities literature and organizationa...

  5. Leadership and organizational change for implementation (LOCI): a randomized mixed method pilot study of a leadership and organization development intervention for evidence-based practice implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Aarons, Gregory A.; Ehrhart, Mark G; Farahnak, Lauren R; HURLBURT, MICHAEL S.

    2015-01-01

    Background Leadership is important in the implementation of innovation in business, health, and allied health care settings. Yet there is a need for empirically validated organizational interventions for coordinated leadership and organizational development strategies to facilitate effective evidence-based practice (EBP) implementation. This paper describes the initial feasibility, acceptability, and perceived utility of the Leadership and Organizational Change for Implementation (LOCI) inter...

  6. Is nuclear power acceptable

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The energy shortage forecast for the early 21st century is considered. Possible energy sources other than fossil fuel are stated as geothermal, fusion, solar and fission, of which only fission has been demonstrated technically and economically. The environmental impacts of fission are examined. The hazards are discussed under the following headings: nuclear accident, fatality risk, safe reactor, property damage, acts of God, low-level release of radioactivity, diversion of fissile material and sabotage, radioactive waste disposal, toxicity of plutonium. The public reaction to nuclear power is analyzed, and proposals are made for a programme of safety and security which the author hopes will make it acceptable as the ultimate energy source. (U.K.)

  7. Creating Organizational Cultures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouton, Nico; Just, Sine Nørholm; Gabrielsen, Jonas

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to re-conceptualize the relations between rhetorical strategies and material practices in the processes whereby leaders create or change organizational cultures. Design/methodology/approach – The authors compare and contrast two broad perspectives on cultural...... insights. The authors propose an integrated perspective in which material practices and rhetorical strategies are seen as two analytical sides of the same ontological coin. This enables a fuller and more detailed explanation of how organizational cultures are created or changed. A brief illustration...... is provided of the merits of this approach by revisiting the case of Enron. Originality/value – The paper constitutes an initial exploration of how social scientific and rhetorical perspectives on organizational change may be brought closer together. It may provide the first step towards the development...

  8. Organizational centralization in radiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aas, I H Monrad

    2006-01-01

    Traditionally, hospitals have a radiology department, where images are taken and interpretation occurs. Teleradiology makes it possible to capture images in one location and transmit them elsewhere for interpretation. Organizational centralization of radiology interpretations is therefore of interest. Empirical data have been collected in qualitative interviews of 26 resource persons with substantial experience with picture archiving and communication systems and teleradiology, from 12 departments of radiology in Norway. The response rate was 90%. A total of 21 theoretically possible types of centralization of image interpretation were identified, representing combinations of three categories of geographical centralization, and seven categories of centralization according to function. Various advantages and disadvantages of centralization were identified. Organizational changes may be decisive for the future of teleradiology, but it may be wise to plan for change in small steps, since we know little about how broad future organizational changes based on teleradiology will be, or what will decide how far particular organizations will go. PMID:16438776

  9. Knowledge management, innovativeness, and organizational performance: Evidence from Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavković Marko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The importance of knowledge management and its contribution to organizational performance and innovativeness has been the subject of many studies and is increasingly gaining recognition worldwide. Our study analyses the impact of knowledge management on perceived organizational performance and innovativeness in the context of the Serbian economy. The results of the empirical research on leading Serbian firms demonstrates the direct and positive effect of knowledge management. The regression results show that knowledge management generally has a positive effect on organizational performance. Also, the results show that knowledge management is positively related to the different dimensions of organizational innovation (process innovation and administrative innovation. The mediating effects of process innovation and administrative innovation on the relationship between knowledge management and organizational performance are only partially supported.

  10. Inertia and Incentives: Bridging Organizational Economics and Organizational Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Rebecca Henderson; Sarah Kaplan

    2005-01-01

    Organizational theorists have long acknowledged the importance of the formal and informal incentives facing a firm%u2019s employees, stressing that the political economy of a firm plays a major role in shaping organizational life and firm behavior. Yet the detailed study of incentive systems has traditionally been left in the hands of (organizational) economists, with most organizational theorists focusing their attention on critical problems in culture, network structure, framing and so on -...

  11. Organizational Silence in Universities as the Predictor of Organizational Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan YAMAN

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between the sense of organizational silence and the organizational culture the instructors perceived. In this study, the scale for determining organizational culture developed by İpek (1999 and the scale for measuring organizational silence developed by Çakıcı (2007 and adapted by Soycan (2010 are used. No remarkable difference was found in the academic staff's sense of organizational silence degree according to their genders and educational backgrounds. It was seen that the instructors' sense of organizational silence had remarkable differences according to their age group, faculty, sense of administration type in their institutions, frequency of their face-to-face communication with their administrators and their thoughts of speaking clearly with their administrators. It was observed that research assistants had a significantly higher sense of organizational silence than the lecturers in the sense of ‘Lack of Experience'. It was seen that academicians who had 1-5 years of employment period had the highest sense of organizational silence while those who had 21 years or more employment period had the lowest sense of organizational silence in the sense of ‘Lack of Experience' of organizational silence. When the points that participant academicians got from organizational silence and organizational culture scales analyzed in the correlation table, it was found out that there was a remarkable relationship between the academicians' sense of organizational silence and sense of organizational culture. This relationship was a medium-level negative relationship between subdimensions of two scales. A medium-level negative relationship between the organizational silence (total and the organizational culture was also seen. Based on the findings, university administrators were proposed to create a participant culture in their institutions as well as to encourage instructors to speak clearly and

  12. Organizational Culture - Possibilities of Force Organizational Culture Quantification

    OpenAIRE

    Aujezdecká, Alena

    2011-01-01

    The thesis deals with the organizational culture and measuring its strength. The first part of the thesis summarizes the theoretical knowledge of the organizational culture, practical part of the thesis deals with the analysis of organizational culture in the chosen organization. The aim of the thesis is to design own approach to measure the strength of organizational culture and verify it in practice in the chosen organization.

  13. Organizational Change; How to Understand It and Deal with It.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wismer, Jack N.

    1979-01-01

    Presents an exercise to facilitate employee understanding and implementation of planned organizational change, along with techniques to introduce the concept of change into organization development workshops or supervisory training efforts. Describes barriers that stimulate resistance to change and ways to promote acceptance of organizational…

  14. Creativity and organizational learning as means to foster sustainability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lozano, Rodrigo

    2014-01-01

    This article argues that creativity and organizational learning can help to challenge the traditional Newtonian and Cartesian mental models and foster more sustainable societies. The recognition and acceptance of creativity by individuals, groups, organizations, and finally society can create new kn

  15. Using diffusion of innovation theory to understand the factors impacting patient acceptance and use of consumer e-health innovations: a case study in a primary care clinic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, Xiaojun; Yu, Ping; Yan, Jun; Spil, Ton

    2015-01-01

    Background Consumer e-Health is a potential solution to the problems of accessibility, quality and costs of delivering public healthcare services to patients. Although consumer e-Health has proliferated in recent years, it remains unclear if patients are willing and able to accept and use this new

  16. Impact of transport pricing on quality of life, acceptability, and intentions to reduce car use : An exploratory study in five European countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Groot, Judith; Steg, Linda

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines how a transport pricing policy aimed to reduce car use may affect individuals' Quality of Life (QoL), to what extent this policy is acceptable to the public and if people intend to change car use when the policy is implemented. Also, comparisons were made amongst five countries (

  17. The Impact of Subjective Norm and Facilitating Conditions on Pre-Service Teachers' Attitude toward Computer Use: A Structural Equation Modeling of an Extended Technology Acceptance Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Timothy

    2009-01-01

    This study examined pre-service teachers' self-report on their attitude toward computer use. Participants were 285 pre-service teachers at a teacher training institution in Singapore. They completed a survey questionnaire measuring their responses to five constructs which formed a research model using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) as a…

  18. Organizational Citizenship and Organizational Justice in Turkish Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Kursad; Tasdan, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine primary school teachers' perceptions regarding organizational citizenship and organizational justice. The study also aims to determine whether such perceptions vary depending on the variables of gender, field of study and seniority, and whether organizational citizenship behaviors and…

  19. Does Organizational Forgetting Matter? Organizational Survival for Life Coaching Companies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Erhan; Gormus, Alparslan Sahin

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purposes of this paper are to determine the role of organizational forgetting in different type of coaching companies and to determine organizational survival based on both knowledge structure of coaching companies and organizational forgetting with core features of organizations. Design/methodology/approach: Within the context of…

  20. Organizational Justice As a Predictor of Organizational Silence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Çetin

    2014-01-01

    In this study, relation between teachers' perception for organizational justice and their organizational silence was examined. Sample of this study consists of 300 teachers who work at elementary schools in Siirt. Relational Scanning model was utilized in performance of this study. In this study, Organizational Justice Scale and…

  1. Organizational culture, Anthropology of

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krause-Jensen, Jakob; Wright, Susan

    2015-01-01

    Anthropologists have studied organizations since the 1930s. In the 1980s, anthropologists' concepts of culture were instrumentalized by nonanthropologists to promote ‘organizational culture’ as a management tool. In subsequent decades, concern shifted to welding employees from different ‘national...... cultures’ into transnational corporations and organizations concerned with international governance. In such organizations, anthropology graduates are increasingly employed as ‘cultural experts.’ We track the anthropological research on organizational culture and argue that the sensibilities and analytical...... skills acquired and the concepts developed through the ethnographic encounter gives anthropology a unique voice in the study of cultural matters in organizations....

  2. 结构资本对跨组织信息系统吸收影响实证研究%The impact of structural social capital on inter-organizational information system assimilation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺明明; 王铁男; 肖璇

    2012-01-01

    From the organizational level,this study aimed at exploring how the structure of networks and external learning influences assimilation in the post-adoption stage after adopting Inter-organizational System (IOS).The model and hypotheses were tested by partial least squares (PLS) analysis of 150 sets of survey data conducted in Chinese companies.The results indicate that the two aspects of structural social capital ( social interaction and network centrality) influence IOS assimilation significantly,and this is fully mediated by external learning.However,the impact of another aspect of structural social capital-network ties-is not significant.%从组织层面出发,旨在探索企业所在关系网络的网络结构特性及组织外部学习行为等关键要素在跨组织信息系统(IOS)采纳后使用阶段,对其吸收的影响及作用机理,基于中国企业150份有效样本的数据,运用偏最小二乘(PLS)结构方程模型方法进行了实证检验.结果表明结构资本的2个重要方面,即社会互动和网络中心性对IOS吸收具有显著的正向影响,并且该影响过程是通过组织外部学习这一完全中介作用实现的,而网络连结的影响并不显著.

  3. 上级反馈和工作反馈对公务员组织公民行为的影响%The Impact of Feedback from Supervisor and Job Itself on Civil Servants' Organizational Citizenship Behaviors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李旭培; 石密; 王桢; 时勘

    2012-01-01

    The aims of this study were to investigate the impacts of feedbacks from supervisor and job itself on organi zational citizenship behaviors. Two hundred and nineteen Civil Servants were selected to fulfill self - report question naire. Results of hierarchical regression analysis indicated that, after controlling for the demographic variables, feedback from supervisor showed significant positive associations with helping and advice behaviors, and these relationships were moderated by feedback from job itself. However, the relationships between feedback from job itself and organizational citizenship behaviors were not significant in this study. A further analysis indicated the modifying response of job feedback to the relations of supervisor feedback with support behaviors and that of supervisor feedback with advice behaviors. Results suggested that feedbacks from different sources may have different effects on organizational citizenship behaviors.%为考察来自上级的反馈和来自工作本身的反馈对公务员组织公民行为的影响,研究选取219名政府机关普通公务员进行了问卷调查.层次回归分析结果表明,在控制了人口统计学变量之后,上级反馈对帮助和谏言两种组织公民行为有显著正向预测作用,工作反馈的预测作用并不显著;进一步分析发现,工作反馈在上级反馈与帮助行为、上级反馈与谏言行为的关系上具有调节作用.结果表明不同来源反馈对组织公民行为的影响机制不同.

  4. The effect of transformational leadership style and organizational culture on the formation of organizational cynicism in the Agricultural Bank of Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narges Rabie

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of transformational leadership style and organizational culture on the formation of organizational cynicism in the Agricultural Bank in city of Tehran. The population of this study consisted of 1022 employees of the Agricultural Bank of Tehran. A total of 304 questionnaires were distributed, of which 264 valid questionnaires were collected. These questionnaires were distributed randomly among the male and female employees in Tehran branches of Agricultural Bank. Standard questionnaire of transformational leadership model, standard questionnaire of organizational culture model and organizational cynicism were applied in this study. In this study SPSS19 and Smart PLS software were used to analyze the collected data. Hypothesis testing showed that at first, Transformational leadership style had no significant effect on the formation of organizational cynicism in the Agricultural Bank in Tehran, and organizational culture had a significant negative impact on the formation of organizational cynicism in the Agricultural Bank in the second hypothesis.

  5. Organizational change, new information and communication technologies and the demand for labor in services

    OpenAIRE

    Falk, Martin

    2001-01-01

    Between 1993 and 1995, the majority of German firms in services introduced new organizational practices (OC), in particular total quality management systems, certified ISO 9000, lean administration, flatter hierarchies, delegation of authority and ICT-enabled organizational changes). This paper analyzes the impact of organizational change as well as the impact of the introduction of information and communication technology (ICT) on actual labor demand as well as on employment expectations. Th...

  6. Organizational values in managerial communication

    OpenAIRE

    Malbašić, Ivan; Brčić, Ruža

    2012-01-01

    Organizational values have recently been regaining importance, which is reflected in the fact that they are commonly referred to as organizational foundations. Indeed, practice has proved that those values provide the basis for decision-making at all levels of the organization – from senior management to the non-managerial employees. This paper addresses the issue of communicating organizational values in managerial communication. In particular, communicating organizational values to employee...

  7. Organizational culture in ICT companies

    OpenAIRE

    Pilík, Tomáš

    2013-01-01

    This thesis deals with problematic of organizational culture with emphasis on organizational culture in ICT companies. Main goal of this thesis is to develop own framework for influencing organizational culture in ICT companies. The introductory part sums up an overview of definitions of culture and organizational culture in chronological order. Evaluation of definitions from the author's perspective is also part of the opening chapter. The main part of thesis focuses on proposing framework f...

  8. [Relationships of transactional leadership, trust, and organizational citizenship].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Fu-Ting; Li, Hung-Hui

    2008-08-01

    Under the health-care insurance system in Taiwan, hospital management has not only to challenge the impacts of the post-SARS era, but also has to conquer the system change brought about by the National Health-Insurance Bureau. By global budget and various quality-control indicators, the hospital confronts pressure on restriction measures, including, on the one hand, reducing manpower, while on the other, pushing remaining employees to achieve more. The nursing department, comprising the highest percentage of faculty in the hospital, cannot but burden itself by accepting more duties. A ward nursing unit (WNU) therefore, has taken on the fundamental role of attaining the goals set by the hospital. This review is concerned with how the WNU functions and what kind of relationships exist between head nurses and staff nurses. An approach was adopted of exploring the impact of transactional leadership and trust on Organizational-Citizenship Behavior (OCB) between head nurse and staff nurses, with the aim of clarifying the present situation and proposing some suggestions for future modifications. PMID:18668486

  9. INTERORGANIZATIONAL NETWORKING IMPACT TO INNOVATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelina Šakalytė

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – to distinguish main inter-organizational networking characteristics and emphasize impact to innovation within the company and between related actors. Network formation is one of the essential factors to effective business performance and fostering competitiveness. The emergency of growing competition and influence of globalization leads companies to effectively use inner-sources and capabilities in order to be ahead of competitors. Design/methodology/approach – scientific literature analysis. Findings – the paper emphasizes the role and the value of networking that leads to innovation in order to succeed in a fast changing environment. Research limitations/implications – the research on networking and innovation impact to service sector has not been thoroughly implemented yet. Practical implications – the inter-organizational networking is a strategy of management and a powerful tool for development, solving of problems and acceptance or exchange of innovations. Innovation is a crucial element in the development of companies as well as their competition with rivals. Innovation enables companies to continuous adaptation to the global economy. Originality/Value – the paper stresses the importance of innovation that is seen as a highly significant factor and an impetus to modernization in the rapidly changing and increasingly more competitive business environment. The paper focuses on the significance of inter-organizational networks and its impact on innovation development. Keywords: networking, innovation, network capital, social capital, knowledge flow. Research type: scientific literature review.

  10. Organizational Theory and Leadership Navigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brazer, S. David; Kruse, Sharon D.; Conley, Sharon

    2014-01-01

    Teaching organizational theory in a way that bridges to leadership practice is vital to preparing deft educational leaders who understand the organizational behavior of schools and districts. Organizational theory guides understanding of the complexities of schools and districts and can be a basis for collaborative and effective decision making.…

  11. Organizational Performance and Customer Value

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tosti, Donald; Herbst, Scott A.

    2009-01-01

    While behavior systems analysts have recognized the importance of the consumer of organizational products (i.e., receiving system) in developing models of organizational change, few have offered a systematic assessment of the relationship between consumer and organizational practices. In this article we will discuss how a behavior systems approach…

  12. Organizational Change and Vested Interest

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendrikse, G.W.J.

    1996-01-01

    The nature of organizational change and the value of headquarters is derived from a model with costs of delay, vested interests and costs of organizational change.The value of headquarters is derived from imposed organizational change. It is viewed as an institution which is able to prevent surplus

  13. Organizational Reconfiguration and Strategic Response

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller Larsen, Marcus; Pedersen, Torben

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of the organizational reconfiguration of offshoring on firms’ strategies. A consequence of offshoring is the need to reintegrate the geographically relocated organizational activities into a coherent organizational architecture. In order to do...

  14. Physiological, biochemical, and genome-wide transcriptional analysis reveals that elevated CO2 mitigates the impact of combined heat wave and drought stress in Arabidopsis thaliana at multiple organizational levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zinta, Gaurav; AbdElgawad, Hamada; Domagalska, Malgorzata A; Vergauwen, Lucia; Knapen, Dries; Nijs, Ivan; Janssens, Ivan A; Beemster, Gerrit T S; Asard, Han

    2014-12-01

    Climate changes increasingly threaten plant growth and productivity. Such changes are complex and involve multiple environmental factors, including rising CO2 levels and climate extreme events. As the molecular and physiological mechanisms underlying plant responses to realistic future climate extreme conditions are still poorly understood, a multiple organizational level analysis (i.e. eco-physiological, biochemical, and transcriptional) was performed, using Arabidopsis exposed to incremental heat wave and water deficit under ambient and elevated CO2 . The climate extreme resulted in biomass reduction, photosynthesis inhibition, and considerable increases in stress parameters. Photosynthesis was a major target as demonstrated at the physiological and transcriptional levels. In contrast, the climate extreme treatment induced a protective effect on oxidative membrane damage, most likely as a result of strongly increased lipophilic antioxidants and membrane-protecting enzymes. Elevated CO2 significantly mitigated the negative impact of a combined heat and drought, as apparent in biomass reduction, photosynthesis inhibition, chlorophyll fluorescence decline, H2 O2 production, and protein oxidation. Analysis of enzymatic and molecular antioxidants revealed that the stress-mitigating CO2 effect operates through up-regulation of antioxidant defense metabolism, as well as by reduced photorespiration resulting in lowered oxidative pressure. Therefore, exposure to future climate extreme episodes will negatively impact plant growth and production, but elevated CO2 is likely to mitigate this effect.

  15. Ethnography and Organizational Processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hulst, van M..; Ybema, S.B.; Yanow, D.

    2016-01-01

    In recent decades, organizational scholars have set out to explore the processual character of organizations. They have investigated both the overtly ephemeral and sometimes dramatically unstable aspects of contemporary organizing and the social flux and flow of everyday organizing hiding beneath or

  16. ORGANIZATIONAL RISK COMMUNICATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ris communication tools in organizations differs in several ways from many of tools and techniques developed for public meetings. The traditional view of risk communication seeks to manage the public outrage ssociated with site-based issues. Organizational risk communication seek...

  17. Understanding Organizational Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkhart, Jennifer

    This guide, which is intended for workplace education providers, defines organizational culture, reviews selected techniques for reading a company's culture, and presents examples of ways in which organizations' culture can affect workplace education programs. An organization's culture is determined by: recognizing the company's philosophy…

  18. Fluidity, Identity, and Organizationality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dobusch, Leonhard; Schoeneborn, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    that the organizationality of a social collective is accomplished through “identity claims”—i.e., speech acts that concern what the social collective is or does—and negotiations on whether or not these claims have been made on the collective's behalf. We empirically examine the case of the hacker collective Anonymous...

  19. Accounting for Organizational Innovations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Waldorff, Susanne Boch

    2013-01-01

    institutional logics to account for their creation of three different organizational innovations. While the concept of ‘institutional logic’ helped exploring the legitimizing social meanings embedded in the national reform and locally, the concept of ‘translation’ from actor-network theory shed light...

  20. Study on Impact of Paternalistic Leadership Style to Organizational Change%家长式领导风格对组织变革影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹晓峰; 王军

    2014-01-01

    China South Industries Group Corporation Leadership style theory has attracted more and more attention of scholars at home and abroad,especially domestic scholars and Chinese enterprises. Based on the study of the paternalistic leadership theory,after empirical research in the influence of paternalistic leadership style on organizational change through the form of questionnaire,we give the final conclusion:the authority leader under paternalistic leadership style has a significant negative effect on the prediction of cultural diversity,and benevolent leadership has positive prediction signifi-cantly on risky innovation,dynamic integration and cultural diversity,which can be used in practice to provide management consulting organization reform proposals for Chinese enterprises.%领导风格理论受到越来越多国内外学者的关注,家长式领导风格理论受到本土学者的认可和华人企业的重视,本文在基于学者对家长式领导风格理论研究的基础上,通过问卷调查的形式,实证研究了家长式领导风格对组织变革的影响,最终得出结论:家长式风格中的权威领导对文化多样性具有显著的负向预测效果;仁慈领导对风险创新性、动态整合性和文化多样性具有显著的正向预测效果。这一结论可在实践中为中国企业进行组织变革提供管理咨询的建议。