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Sample records for acartia tonsa dana

  1. Recirculating aquaculture system for high density production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vu, Minh Thi Thuy; Øie, Gunvor; Reinertsen, Helge

    2013-01-01

    The calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) is one of the most promising copepod species for marine larviculture. This species has a wide tolerance to temperature and salinity, small size, can produce resting eggs. All their nauplii, copepodites and adults can be use as excellent feeds for marine...... capacity. A. tonsa fed the unicellular algae Rhodomonas baltica were registered for four weeks in triplicate 50 L tanks in each system. Water quality parameters were recorded daily for temperature, oxygen, pH, salinity, particles and every five days for nitrogenous waste and bacteria through...... the similar survival, growth, and reproduction, yet the nauplii developed into copepodites faster in RAS (110h) compared to FTAS (158h). This can be an indication for the potential for culturing or maintaining A. tonsa nauplii and early copepodite stages at higher densities before feeding larvae of marine...

  2. DMSP-consuming bacteria associated with the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tang, K.W.; Visscher, P.T.; Dam, H.G.

    2001-01-01

    DMSP-consuming bacteria (DCB) were recovered from the body and fecal pellets of the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana). The most probable number of DCB associated with starved A. tonsa was 9.2 X 10(2) cells copepod(-1). The abundance of DCB recovered from the copepod body increased to 1.6-2.8 X 10......(4) after the copepod fed on DMSP-containing alga. DCB abundance associated with fecal pellets averaged 1.2 X 10(4) cells pellet(-1). In enrichment cultures, the DCB grew with a doubling time of 1.1- 2.9 days, and consumed DMSP at a rate of 4.5-7.5 fmol cell(-1) day(-1). The apparent DMSP-to-DMS conversion...... Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved....

  3. Influence of algal diet on feeding and egg-production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støttrup, Josianne; Jensen, Johanne

    1990-01-01

    Threshold concentration, retention efficiency and egg-production in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana were examined using the algal species Isochrysis galbana clone T-iso, Dunalietta tertiolecta Butcher, Rhodomonas baltica Karsten, Ditylum brightwellii Grunow and Thalassiosira weissflogii...... Grun. Feeding and egg-production in A. tonsa was shown to be influenced by the size, quantity and quality of the food particles. The small I. galbana (4.8 μm) were inefficiently retained by A. tonsa and maximum ingestion rates on this species were first obtained at algal concentrations s> 1 μg C · ml−1...

  4. Genetic responses of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) to heat shock and epibiont infestation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petkeviciute, Egle; Kania, Per Walter; Skovgaard, Alf

    2015-01-01

    Expression of stress-related genes was investigated in the marine copepod Acartia tonsa in relation to heat shock at two different salinities (10 and 32‰), and it was furthermore investigated whether experimentally induced epibiont infestation led to elevated expression of stress-related genes...

  5. Effects of food on bacterial community composition associated with the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    OpenAIRE

    Tang, Kam; Dziallas, Claudia; Hutalle-Schmelzer, Kristine; Grossart, Hans-Peter

    2009-01-01

    The estuarine copepod Acartia tonsa naturally carried diverse strains of bacteria on its body. The bacterial community composition (BCC) remained very conservative even when the copepod was fed different axenic algal species, indicating that the food per se did not much affect BCC associated with the copepod. In xenic algal treatments, however, copepod-associated BCC differed with each alga fed, even though the same bacterial source was used to inoculate the algae. In addition, starved copepo...

  6. Expression of hsp70 and ferritin in embryos of the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) during transition between subitaneous and quiescent state

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, Birgitte; Jepsen, Per Meyer; Rewitz, Kim Furbo

    2014-01-01

    Subitaneous eggs of the neritic calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) are capable of entering a resting state called quiescence to overcome adverse environmental conditions. Although physiological changes associated with this transition have been described, the molecular mechanisms are thus far...... for ferritin during the recovery phase toward hatching. This suggests that ferritin is a protein needed when embryos of A. tonsa enter quiescence. Both hsp70 and ferritin are required during recovery from quiescent to subitaneous state when embryogenesis continues toward egg hatching....

  7. Could some procedures commonly used in bioassays with the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana 1849 distort results?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Laís Fernanda de Palma; Agostini, Vanessa Ochi; Muxagata, Erik

    2018-04-15

    Many organizations have suggested the use of the Calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in protocols for acute toxicity tests. Nevertheless, these protocols present some problems, such as using 60-180µm meshes to separate specific stages of A. tonsa or carrying out the tests using small volumes that reflect high densities of A. tonsa that do not occur in nature, which could lead to distorted results. In addition, ecotoxicological studies may use statistical approaches that are inadequate for the type of data being analysed. For these reasons, some methodological approaches for bioassays using A. tonsa need to be clarified and revised. In this study, we present information about (i) the retention of copepodite stages of A. tonsa on 180, 330 and 500µm net meshes; (ii) tested storage volumes of 1 organism per 5, 10 or 20mL in each test container (TC); and (iii) considerations about the statistics employed. The results demonstrated that a net mesh of 180µm is capable of retaining all copepodite stages (CI to CVI), contrasting with the recommendation of using a 180µm mesh to separate out adults only. Coarser meshes (330 and 500µm) can also retain different proportions of all copepodite stages, but cannot separate out one developmental stage only. Twenty-five millilitres of medium in an open TC, commonly employed in bioassays simulating densities of 1 organism 5mL -1 , completely evaporated, and the results showed that the TCs need to be covered (e.g., PVC film) and filled with a minimum of 100mL of culture medium (simulating densities of 1 organism 20mL -1 ) to avoid evaporation and increases in salinity. The current use of ANOVA in ecotoxicological studies with proportions of surviving organisms should also be reconsidered since the data are discrete and have a binomial distribution; general linear models (GLMs) are considered more adequate. The information presented here suggests some adjustments that hopefully will enable the improvement of the procedures and methods

  8. Do Acartia tonsa (Dana) eggs regulate their volume and osmolality as salinity changes?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume; Pedersen, Morten Foldager

    2012-01-01

    Subitaneous eggs from an euryhaline calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa were challenged by changes in salinity within the range from full strength salinity, down to zero and up to >70 psu. Egg volume changed immediately, increasing from 2.8 × 105 μm3 at full strength salinity (35 psu) to 3.8 × 105 μm3...... at 0 psu and back to its initial volume when gradually being returned to full strength salinity. Egg osmolality followed the molality of the surrounding water when challenged within a salinity range from 2 to 50 psu. Egg respiration was not affected when eggs kept at 35 psu was exposed to low salinity...... (2 psu). These results suggest that eggs are unable to regulate their volume or osmolality when challenged with changes in salinity. Gradual changes in salinity from 35 to 2 psu and back did not harm the eggs (embryos), since the hatching success remained unaffected by such changes in salinity...

  9. Microplastic potentiates triclosan toxicity to the marine copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Syberg, Kristian; Nielsen, Anne; Khan, Farhan

    2017-01-01

    Microplastics (MP) are contaminants of environmental concern partly due to plastics ability to sorb and transport hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOC). The importance of this "vector effect" is currently being debated in the scientific community. This debate largely ignores that the co-exposure......Microplastics (MP) are contaminants of environmental concern partly due to plastics ability to sorb and transport hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOC). The importance of this "vector effect" is currently being debated in the scientific community. This debate largely ignores that the co......-exposures of MP and HOC are mixtures of hazardous agents, which can be addressed from a mixture toxicity perspective. In this study, mixture effects of polyethylene microbeads (MP) and triclosan (TCS) (a commonly used antibacterial agent in cosmetics) were assessed on the marine copepod Acartia tonsa. Data...... indicated that MP potentiate the toxicity of TCS, illustrating the importance of understanding the mixture interaction between plastics and HOC when addressing the environmental importance of the vector effect....

  10. The constraints of high density production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vu, Minh T. T.; Hansen, Benni W.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    studied and aquaculture relevant calanoid Acartia tonsa. A simple model was developed to evaluate the influence of individual egg production, egg predation, crowding effects and tank design on the egg harvest. At high densities from 500 to 3500 ind L−1, there was no difference in food ingestion and egg...... cannibalism. However, the copepods showed lower food consumption and egg cannibalism compared to the ecologically relevant densities of 20–100 ind L−1. Model calculations demonstrate that maximum egg harvest is the result of a subtle balance between water mixing and tank depth: a shallow, non-mixed tank...... will allow the eggs to settle and escape cannibalism but at the same time prevent the algal food staying suspended, and full utilization of the egg production potential depends on the fine tuning of these parameters...

  11. Environmental stress responses and experimental handling artifacts of a model organism, the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, Birgitte; Jepsen, Per Meyer; Bucklin, Ann

    2018-01-01

    Handling animals during experiments potentially affects the differential expression of genes chosen as biomarkers of sub-lethal stress. RNA sequencing was used to examine whole-transcriptome responses caused by laboratory handling of the calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa. Salinity shock (S=35 to S=...... studies can lead to inaccurate conclusions. The present study provides a baseline for studying handling stress in future studies using this model organism and others....... for these genes between 15 min and 24 h following exposure. Since handling stress clearly affects transcriptional patterns, it is important to consider handling when designing experiments, by either including additional controls or avoiding focus on impacted genes. Not considering handling in gene expression...

  12. Environmental Stress Responses and Experimental Handling Artifacts of a Model Organism, the Copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitte Nilsson

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Handling animals during experiments potentially affects the differential expression of genes chosen as biomarkers of sub-lethal stress. RNA sequencing was used to examine whole-transcriptome responses caused by laboratory handling of the calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa. Salinity shock (S = 35 to S = 5 was used as positive stress control; individuals not exposed to handling or other stressors served as negative stress control. All copepods were grown from eggs to adults without being handled or exposed to any stressors prior the experiment. Survival of nauplii and adults was estimated for up to 10 min of exposure to handling stress and salinity shock. Only adults exhibited decreased survival (44 ± 7% with 10 min of exposure in response to handling stress and were selected for definitive experiments for RNA sequencing. After 10 min of experimental exposures to handling stress or salinity shock, adults were incubated for 15 min or 24 h at normal culture conditions. A small number of significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs were observed 15 min after exposure to handling stress (2 DEGs or salinity shock (7 DEGs. However, 24 h after exposure, handling stress resulted in 276 DEGs and salinity shock resulted in 573 DEGs, of which 174 DEGs were overlapping between the treatments. Among the DEGs observed 24 h after exposure to handling stress or salinity shock, some commonly-used stress biomarkers appeared at low levels. This suggests that a stress-response was induced at the transcriptional level for these genes between 15 min and 24 h following exposure. Since handling stress clearly affects transcriptional patterns, it is important to consider handling when designing experiments, by either including additional controls or avoiding focus on impacted genes. Not considering handling in gene expression studies can lead to inaccurate conclusions. The present study provides a baseline for studying handling stress in future studies using this

  13. Resting eggs in a key player Calanoid copepod in coastal areas. The case of Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Hansen, Benni Winding

      Acartia tonsa is an invasive copepod of the European coastal waters, first described in France in 1926, it was found later in most of the European coastal areas. These invasions are believed to come from transport of resting eggs in ships ballast water. In this presentation, I will show the main...

  14. Tolerance of un-ionized ammonia in live feed cultures of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Andersen, Claus V. B.; Schjelde, Johannes

    2015-01-01

    Optimal water quality is considered as being a restriction for marine copepod cultures for live feed. There is a lack of knowledge on the water-quality conditions in copepod cultures and the effect on copepods. Few studies have investigated the effect of ammonia on copepods, and fewer reports...... No Observed Effect Concentrations (NOEC) and Lowest Observed Effect Concentrations (LOEC), which provides safety levels before cultures are affected. This study investigates the tolerance of Acartia tonsa nauplii and adults to ammonia, using mortality as the endpoint after 24, 48 and 72 h of exposure. Nauplii...

  15. Improving cold storage of subitaneous eggs of the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana from the Gulf of Mexico (Florida, USA)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Lindley, L.C.; Michels, A.

    2007-01-01

    (kanamycin sulphate and oxytetracycline HCl) on extending the shelf life of cold-stored subitaneous Acartia tonsa eggs. Also, egg development effects on the survival of the eggs were tested. Glucose did not have any significant effects on the survival of the eggs. However, the addition of antibiotics......%. However, long exposure to high concentrations of antibiotics was lethal to the copepod eggs. After more than 30 days of exposure to 100 mg L-1 of oxytetracycline, the survival of the eggs was lower than in the untreated samples. After 45 days, oxytetracycline-treated eggs (100 mg L-1) presented a hatching...

  16. Comparative oxygen consumption rates of subitaneous and delayed hatching eggs of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume

    2013-01-01

    nanorespirometry to monitor initial oxygen consumption rate of individual eggs of the ubiquitous neritic calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa to distinguish between subitaneous and DHE. We hypothesized that subitaneous eggs exhibit higher initial oxygen consumption rates than DHE, and that initial egg oxygen consumption...... rate is correlated to the time for the individual egg to hatch. Subitaneous eggs exhibited higher initial oxygen consumption rates than DHE and there were no pattern in initial oxygen consumption rates vs. time to hatch or die from the eggs. Variability in initial oxygen consumption rates within...... batches of both subitaneous and DHE, as well as between these egg types, is prevalent. There was a continuum from sluggish- to fast metabolising eggs considering initial oxygen consumption rates most likely reflecting phenotypic variation within cohorts. No matter the individual initial egg oxygen...

  17. Effects of adult stocking density on egg production and viability in cultures of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Andersen, Nikolaj; Holm, Thue

    2007-01-01

    was 84.7±4.8% and was never observed below 76.1%, with no significant differences across the stocking densities. Conclusively, as a practical recommendation for the aquaculture industry, copepod cultures with densities ranging from 100 to 600 adults L−1 and presumably even more dense cultures......The effect of stocking density of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa was evaluated in a 96 h rearing experiment. Possible density-dependent egg production and egg viability were analysed at stocking densities of 100, 200, 300, 400 and 600 adults L−1. Temperature, oxygen saturation and algal...... concentration were kept optimal. A non-density-dependent mortality rate of 15–19% day−1 was documented. A non-significant density-dependent egg production was observed between 100 and 600 adults L−1. The average egg production was 22.5±8.8 egg female−1 day−1 in all densities. The average egg hatching success...

  18. Do inactivated Microbial Preparations Improve Life History Traits of the Copepod Acartia tonsa?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Rabarimanantsoa, Tahina; Frouel, Stéphane

    2011-01-01

    We have tested a microbial preparation with probiotic effects (PSI; Sorbial A/S DANISCO) on the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) development time and reproduction effectiveness in culture. The hypotheses were that PSI increases the productivity and quality of copepods in culture (increased egg...

  19. Testing lagoonal sediments with early life stages of the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana): An approach to assess sediment toxicity in the Venice Lagoon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picone, Marco; Bergamin, Martina; Delaney, Eugenia; Ghirardini, Annamaria Volpi; Kusk, Kresten Ole

    2018-01-01

    The early-life stages of development of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa from egg to copepodite I is proposed as an endpoint for assessing sediment toxicity by exposing newly released eggs directly onto the sediment-water interface. A preliminary study of 5 sediment samples collected in the lagoon of Venice highlighted that the larval development rate (LDR) and the early-life stages (ELS) mortality endpoints with A. tonsa are more sensitive than the standard amphipod mortality test; moreover LDR resulted in a more reliable endpoint than ELS mortality, due to the interference of the sediment with the recovery of unhatched eggs and dead larvae. The LDR data collected in a definitive study of 48 sediment samples from the Venice Lagoon has been analysed together with the preliminary data to evaluate the statistical performances of the bioassay (among replicate variance and minimum significant difference between samples and control) and to investigate the possible correlation with sediment chemistry and physical properties. The results showed that statistical performances of the LDR test with A. tonsa correspond with the outcomes of other tests applied to the sediment-water interface (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus embryotoxicity test), sediments (Neanthes arenaceodentata survival and growth test) and porewater (S. purpuratus); the LDR endpoint did, however, show a slightly higher variance as compared with other tests used in the Lagoon of Venice, such as 10-d amphipod lethality test and larval development with sea urchin and bivalves embryos. Sediment toxicity data highlighted the high sensitivity and the clear ability of the larval development to discriminate among sediments characterized by different levels of contamination. The data of the definitive study evidenced that inhibition of the larval development was not affected by grain-size and the organic carbon content of the sediment; in contrast, a strong correlation between inhibition of the larval development

  20. A comprehensive and precise quantification of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) for intensive live feed cultures using an automated ZooImage system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vu, Minh Thi Thuy; Jepsen, Per Meyer; Hansen, Benni Winding

    2014-01-01

    culturing parameters in intensive A. tonsa culture such as hatching success, mortality rate, development rate, and reproduction output of A. tonsa can be calculated automatically. Moreover, ZooImage is set up with an inexpensive desktop scanner and computer that can easily be applied in aquaculture...

  1. Interactions between populations of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana and the harpacticoid copepod Tisbe holothuriae Humes in mixed cultures of live feed for fish larvae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Boesen, Emil; Brodnicke, Ole Bjørn

    2018-01-01

    by the R setup compared with S setup. A long-term solution to limit the presence of T. holothuriae is to apply turbulence level in a classical stagnant tank setup to an extend that suppress T. holothuriae and simultaneously allow algae in suspension as food for A. tonsa, make their eggs sediment as well...

  2. Testing lagoonal sediments with early life stages of the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana): An approach to assess sediment toxicity in the Venice Lagoon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Picone, Marco; Bergamin, Martina; Delaney, Eugenia

    2018-01-01

    between samples and control) and to investigate the possible correlation with sediment chemistry and physical properties. The results showed that statistical performances of the LDR test with A. tonsa correspond with the outcomes of other tests applied to the sediment-water interface (Strongylocentrotus...

  3. Collection and cultivation methods of Acartia tonsa for toxicity testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hood, C.A.; Mayo, R.R.

    1995-01-01

    Acartia tonsa were located and collected from Galveston Bay, Texas in June 1995, using plankton nets and transported to the laboratory for culture. After literature searching and laboratory experimentation. A simple reliable method was designed to culture A. tonsa. This method requires a minimum of glassware and supplies. Adult A. tonsa are placed in one gallon bell jars filled with natural seawater. The jars are then maintained in a water bath at a constant temperature. Water changes are conducted twice weekly and organisms are fed daily with a mixture of algae, Skeletonema costatum, isocrysis galbana, and Thalassiosira sp. Gravid females are then isolated in generators for 24 hours to obtain known age neonates. The neonates are maintained up to a specific age and then are used in toxicity tests such as the ''Determination of the Acute Lethal Toxicity to Marine Copepods,'' required in the United Kingdom for all chemicals used for offshore drilling fluid applications

  4. Prey switching behaviour in the planktonic copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiørboe, Thomas; Saiz, E.; Viitasalo, M.

    1996-01-01

    The copepod Acartia tonsa has 2 different prey encounter strategies. It can generate a feeding current to encounter and capture immobile prey (suspension feeding) or it can sink slowly and perceive motile prey by means of mechanoreceptors on the antennae (ambush feeding). We hypothesized that A....... tonsa adopts the feeding mode that generates the highest energy intake rate; i.e. that prey selection changes according to the relative concentrations of alternative prey (prey switching) and that the copepods spend disproportionately more time in the feeding mode that provides the greatest reward...... be captured by suspension feeding copepods. Finally, we demonstrate that turbulence favours the selection of ciliates as prey. We suggest that prey switching by copepods may provide survival windows for microzooplankters during blooms of net phytoplankton because predation pressure from the copepods...

  5. Changes in free amino acid content during naupliar development of the Calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rayner, Thomas Allan; Jørgensen, Niels Ole Gerslev; Drillet, Guillaume

    2017-01-01

    Changes in free amino acids (FAA) were investigated in the potentially important live feed and neritic copepod species Acartia tonsa during naupliar development. Total content of FAA in A. tonsa nauplii was around 17% of dry weight at first development stage, and declined to 6% for later stages...

  6. Hydrodynamic signal perception in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiørboe, Thomas; Saiz, E.; Visser, Andre

    1999-01-01

    Copepods may remotely detect predators from the velocity gradients these generate in the ambient water. Each of the different components and characteristics of a velocity gradient (acceleration, vorticity, longitudinal and shear deformation) can cause a velocity difference between the copepod...... and noted the minimum intensities to which the copepod Acartia tonsa responded. As hypothesised, threshold signal strengths due to longitudinal and shear deformation were similar, ~0.015 cm s-1, and were invariant with developmental stage. The latter implies that the threshold deformation rate for response...... that threshold signal strength due to deformation varies by ca 2 orders of magnitude between copepods and exceeds the neurophysiological response threshold by more than a factor of 10. In contrast, threshold deformation rates vary much less, ~ 0.5 to 5 s-1. Model calculations suggest that such threshold...

  7. A parameter for detecting estrogenic exposure in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Henrik Rasmus; Halling-Sørensen, Bent; Kusk, Kresten Ole

    1999-01-01

    Literature on the basic endocrinology of crustaceans, such as crab, lobster and shrimp, suggest that estrogens, e.g., 17 beta-estradiol, are stimulating hormones in female sexual maturation and egg production in crustaceans. The copepod Acartia tonsa, has continuous egg production. A profile...

  8. Inclusion of copepod Acartia tonsa nauplii in the feeding of Centropomus undecimalis larvae increases stress resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanessa de Melo-Costa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research represents the first result of studies of the common snook Centropomus undecimalis larvae from broodstock matured in captivity in Brazil. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the inclusion of Acartia tonsa nauplii improves stress resistance of common snook larvae. The larvae were fed with: rotifers Brachionus plicatilis (10 to 15 mL-1; A. tonsa nauplii (0.25 to 0.5 mL-1 and rotifers (5 to 7.5 mL-1, and A. tonsa nauplii (0.12 to 0.25 mL-1. The average percentage of survival of the treatments was 11.9%. At 20 days of age, larvae were subjected to thermal stress. Subsequently, the stress resistance was evaluated. Common snook larvae fed B. plicatilis+A. tonsa reached a higher weight and length (7.5 ± 0.00 mg and 9.1 ± 0.23 mm, respectively and resisted more heat stress (87.4% than larvae fed other foods, indicating that the feed mixture is satisfactory as a starter diet for larvae of common snook. However, more research is needed to confirm these results.

  9. Inhibition of larval development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa by four synthetic musk substances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wollenberger, Leah; Breitholtz, M.; Kusk, Kresten Ole

    2003-01-01

    A nitro musk (musk ketone). and three polycyclic musks (Tonalide(TM), Galaxolide(TM) and Celestolide(TM)) were tested for acute and subchronic effects on a marine crustacean, the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. Sublethal effects on A. tonsa larvae were investigated with a rapid and cost effective...... bioassay, which is based on the easily detectable morphological change from the last nauplius to the first copepodite stage during copepod larval development. The inhibition of larval development after 5 days exposure was a very sensitive endpoint, with 5-d-EC(50)-values as low as 0.026 mg/l (Tonalide...... of synthetic musks, for which there is little published ecotoxicological information available regarding Crustacea. It is suggested that subchronic and chronic copepod toxicity tests should be used more frequently for risk assessment of environmental pollutants. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights...

  10. Toxicity of nickel in the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa: Nickel chloride versus nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhou, C.; Vitiello, V.; Casals, E.; Puntes, V.F.; Iamunno, F.; Pellegrini, D.; Changwen, W.; Benvenuto, G.; Buttino, I.

    2016-01-01

    Highlights: • Acartia tonsa copepod is more sensitive to NiCl_2 than to nickel nanoparticles. • At the tested concentration egg production was not affected by both form of nickel. • Egg viability is the most sensitive end-point for both form of nickel. • Nickel dissolved in seawater increased with nanoparticle concentration. • Acartia tonsa adults were able to ingest nanoparticles. - Abstract: Nickel compounds are widely used in industries and have been massively introduced in the environment in different chemical forms. Here we report the effect of two different chemical forms of nickel, NiCl_2 and nickel nanoparticles (NiNPs), on the reproduction of the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. The behavior of nickel nanoparticles was analyzed with different techniques and with two protocols. In the “sonicated experiment” (SON) NiNP solution was sonicated while in the “non-sonicated experiment” (NON-SON) the solution was vigorously shaken by hand. Final nominal concentrations of 5, 10 and 50 mg L"−"1 and 1, 5 and 10 mg L"−"1 NiNPs were used for the acute and semichronic tests, respectively. Nanoparticle size did not change over time except for the highest concentration of 50 mg L"−"1 NiNPs, in which the diameter increased up to 843 nm after 48 h. The concentration of Ni dissolved in the water increased with NP concentration and was similar for SON and NON-SON solutions. Our results indicate that sonication does not modify toxicity for the copepod A. tonsa. Mean EC_5_0 values were similar for NON-SON (20.2 mg L"−"1) and SON experiments (22.14 mg L"−"1) in the acute test. Similarly, no differences occurred between the two different protocols in the semichronic test, with an EC_5_0 of 7.45 mg L"−"1 and 6.97 mg L"−"1 for NON-SON and SON experiments, respectively. Acute and semichronic tests, conducted exposing A. tonsa embryos to NiCl_2 concentrations from 0.025 to 0.63 mg L"−"1, showed EC_5_0 of 0.164 and 0.039 mg L"−"1, respectively

  11. Influence of environmental conditions on the toxicokinetics of cadmium in the marine copepod Acartia tonsa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlaki, Maria D; Morgado, Rui G; van Gestel, Cornelis A M; Calado, Ricardo; Soares, Amadeu M V M; Loureiro, Susana

    2017-11-01

    mMarine and estuarine ecosystems are highly productive areas that often act as a final sink for several pollutants, such as cadmium. Environmental conditions in these habitats can affect metal speciation, as well as its uptake and depuration by living organisms. The aim of this study was to assess cadmium uptake and depuration rates in the euryhaline calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa under different pH, salinity and temperature conditions. Cadmium speciation did not vary with changing pH or temperature, but varied with salinity. Free Cd 2+ ion activity increased with decreasing salinities resulting in increased cadmium concentrations in A. tonsa. However, uptake rate, derived using free Cd 2+ ion activity, showed no significant differences at different salinities indicating a simultaneous combined effect of Cd 2+ speciation and metabolic rates for osmoregulation. Cadmium concentration in A. tonsa and uptake rate increased with increasing pH, showing a peak at the intermediate pH of 7.5, while depuration rate fluctuated, thus suggesting that both parameters are mediated by metabolic processes (to maintain homeostasis at pH levels lower than normal) and ion competition at membrane binding sites. Cadmium concentration in A. tonsa, uptake and depuration rates increased with increasing temperature, a trend that can be attributed to an increase in metabolic energy demand at higher temperatures. The present study shows that cadmium uptake and depuration rates in the marine copepod A. tonsa is mostly affected by biological processes, mainly driven by metabolic mechanisms, and to a lesser extent by metal speciation in the exposure medium. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Defecation of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) by the copepod Acartia tonsa as functions of ambient food concentration and body DMSP content

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tang, K.W.

    2001-01-01

    The dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) defecation rate of Acartia tonsa (calanoid copepod)feeding on Tetraselmis impellucida (prasinophyte) was correlated with food concentration and copepod body DMSP content. Copepod fecal pellets represent a highly concentrated source of DMSP and thus play...... an important role in DMSP flux and microbial processes in the ocean....

  13. Changes in free amino acid content during naupliar development of the Calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rayner, Thomas Allan; Jørgensen, Niels Ole Gerslev; Drillet, Guillaume; Hansen, Benni Winding

    2017-08-01

    Changes in free amino acids (FAA) were investigated in the potentially important live feed and neritic copepod species Acartia tonsa during naupliar development. Total content of FAA in A. tonsa nauplii was around 17% of dry weight at first development stage, and declined to 6% for later stages. Relative to body-volume and biomass, the FAA content indicated possible volume-dependent changes. However, changes in FAA with osmolytic activity could not account for this decline in FAA content, but suggests that the decline reflected degradation of residual FAAs from the embryonic stage. Glutamic acid revealed the largest change in relative abundance during naupliar development and declined from 29.0% at first nauplius stage to 7.1% at later stages. The high FAA pool in early naupliar stages may be necessary for naupliar development due to an absence of feeding at first development stages. The high FAA content in early nauplii indicates that A. tonsa is a valuable source for nutritional energy for first-feeding fish larvae and should be further exploited for aquaculture purposes. Enhancements to FAA abundances in nauplii through manipulation of maternal diets could be of future interest, as copepod nauplii can contain a substantial pool of FAAs at first development stage. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  14. Long-term decline in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in central Chesapeake Bay, USA: An indirect effect of eutrophication?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimmel, David G.; Boynton, Walter R.; Roman, Michael R.

    2012-04-01

    A long-term abundance record of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in the Maryland portion of Chesapeake Bay was compiled from 1966 to 2002. A significant downward trend in the summertime abundance of Acartia tonsa was found in central Chesapeake Bay. We propose that environmental and food web changes occurred as the Chesapeake Bay became increasingly impacted by human activity which eventually led to the overall decline of A. tonsa. Environmental changes included a long-term rise in water temperature and the volume of hypoxic water during the summer. These changes occurred during the same time period as increases in chlorophyll a concentration, declines in the landings of the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica, and declines in abundance of the sea nettle Chrysaora quinquecirrha. A CUSUM analysis showed that each time-series experienced a change point during over the past 50 years. These changes occurred sequentially, with chlorophyll a concentration increasing beginning in 1969, water temperature and hypoxic volume increasing beginning in the early 1980s, more recent Maryland C. virginica landings begin declining in the early 1980s and A. tonsa and C. quinquecirrha declining starting in 1989. A stepwise regression analysis revealed that the reduction in A. tonsa abundance appeared to be most associated with a decreasing trend in C. quinquecirrha abundance, though only when trends in the two time-series were present. The drop in C. quinquecirrha abundance is associated with reduced predation on the ctenophore, Mnemiopsis leidyi, a key predator of A. tonsa. The long-term decline of A. tonsa has likely impacted trophic transfer to fish, particularly the zooplanktivorous bay anchovy (Anchoa mitchilli). A time-series of bay anchovy juvenile index showed a negative trend and the CUSUM analysis revealed 1993 as its starting point. Total fisheries landings, excluding menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus), in Chesapeake Bay have also declined during the same period and this

  15. Resting egg production induced by food limitation in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Hansen, Benni W.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Three populations of the copepod Acartia tonsa, two from the Baltic Sea and one from the U.S. East Coast, were compared for resting egg production at conditions of saturating and limiting food availability. All three populations produced eggs that hatched within 72 h when incubated at 17°C...... (subitaneous eggs), but the two Baltic populations in addition produced eggs that hatched at a much slower rate, in the course of a month (delayed hatching eggs [DHE]). Such eggs were not produced by the U.S. population. The fraction of DHE increased when food was limiting. Females from a Baltic population...... that were incubated individually all produced subitaneous eggs, but about half the females consistently also produced DHE. Cold storage that mimicked boreal winter conditions synchronized the hatching of DHE after extended storage, indicating that spring hatching of DHE might seed the water column...

  16. Culture conditions affect the nutritional value of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arne M. Malzahn

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Live feed are still necessary for the rearing of larval stages of several fish species, especially marine ones. Compared to Artemia, copepods are of superior quality. This is based on a suite of traits like size, movement, and nutritional value. Copepods are for example usually high in protein and fatty acids. Essential fatty acid profiles reflect to a large degree the fatty acid supply, which provides the opportunity to manipulate fatty acid profiles of, amongst others, copepods. By manipulating nutrient supply of the algae Rhodomonas salina we were able to double essential fatty acid concentrations in naupliar and copepodit life stages of the copepod Acartia tonsa. However, this lead to growth depression rather than to increased growth rates in a series of consumer species, including larval fish. The reason for the growth depression is likely to be mineral deficiencies occurring along with the nutrient manipulation of the algae.

  17. Increased tolerance to oil exposure by the cosmopolitan marine copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krause, Kamille Elvstrøm; Dinh, Khuong Van; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel

    2017-01-01

    Oil contamination is an environmental hazard to marine ecosystems, but marine organism tolerance to oil after many generations of exposure remains poorly known. We studied the effects of transgenerational oil exposure on fitness-related traits in a cosmopolitan neritic copepod, Acartia tonsa....... Copepods were exposed to an oil compound, the PAH pyrene, at concentrations of 1, 10, 100 and 100+ (the saturated pyrene concentration in seawater) nMover two generations and measured survival, sex ratio, size atmaturity, grazing rate and reproductive success. Exposure to the pyrene concentration of 100+ n...... to pyrene exposure in the second generation: the reduction in size atmaturity of females was less pronounced in the second generation and survival, egg production and hatching success were recovered to control levels in the second generation. The increased tolerance of copepods to oil contamination may...

  18. Toxicity of nickel in the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa: Nickel chloride versus nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, C. [Istituto per la Protezione e Ricerca Ambientale ISPRA-STS Livorno, Piazzale dei marmi 12, 57123 Livorno (Italy); Academic Centre for Innovation and Development in the Food Industry (CAISIAL), Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, 80055 Portici (Italy); Vitiello, V. [Istituto per la Protezione e Ricerca Ambientale ISPRA-STS Livorno, Piazzale dei marmi 12, 57123 Livorno (Italy); Casals, E. [Institut Català de Nanotecnologia, Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelone, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Puntes, V.F. [Institut Català de Nanotecnologia, Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelone, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Institut Català de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Passeig Lluís Companys, 23, 08010 Barcelona (Spain); Iamunno, F. [Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, Napoli (Italy); Pellegrini, D. [Istituto per la Protezione e Ricerca Ambientale ISPRA-STS Livorno, Piazzale dei marmi 12, 57123 Livorno (Italy); Changwen, W. [Zhejiang Ocean University, 1 Rd. South Haida, Lincheng New Area, Dinghai District Zhoushan City, 316022 (China); Benvenuto, G. [Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, Napoli (Italy); Buttino, I., E-mail: isabella.buttino@isprambiente.it [Istituto per la Protezione e Ricerca Ambientale ISPRA-STS Livorno, Piazzale dei marmi 12, 57123 Livorno (Italy)

    2016-01-15

    Highlights: • Acartia tonsa copepod is more sensitive to NiCl{sub 2} than to nickel nanoparticles. • At the tested concentration egg production was not affected by both form of nickel. • Egg viability is the most sensitive end-point for both form of nickel. • Nickel dissolved in seawater increased with nanoparticle concentration. • Acartia tonsa adults were able to ingest nanoparticles. - Abstract: Nickel compounds are widely used in industries and have been massively introduced in the environment in different chemical forms. Here we report the effect of two different chemical forms of nickel, NiCl{sub 2} and nickel nanoparticles (NiNPs), on the reproduction of the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. The behavior of nickel nanoparticles was analyzed with different techniques and with two protocols. In the “sonicated experiment” (SON) NiNP solution was sonicated while in the “non-sonicated experiment” (NON-SON) the solution was vigorously shaken by hand. Final nominal concentrations of 5, 10 and 50 mg L{sup −1} and 1, 5 and 10 mg L{sup −1} NiNPs were used for the acute and semichronic tests, respectively. Nanoparticle size did not change over time except for the highest concentration of 50 mg L{sup −1} NiNPs, in which the diameter increased up to 843 nm after 48 h. The concentration of Ni dissolved in the water increased with NP concentration and was similar for SON and NON-SON solutions. Our results indicate that sonication does not modify toxicity for the copepod A. tonsa. Mean EC{sub 50} values were similar for NON-SON (20.2 mg L{sup −1}) and SON experiments (22.14 mg L{sup −1}) in the acute test. Similarly, no differences occurred between the two different protocols in the semichronic test, with an EC{sub 50} of 7.45 mg L{sup −1} and 6.97 mg L{sup −1} for NON-SON and SON experiments, respectively. Acute and semichronic tests, conducted exposing A. tonsa embryos to NiCl{sub 2} concentrations from 0.025 to 0.63 mg L{sup −1

  19. Toxicity of nickel in the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa: Nickel chloride versus nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, C; Vitiello, V; Casals, E; Puntes, V F; Iamunno, F; Pellegrini, D; Changwen, W; Benvenuto, G; Buttino, I

    2016-01-01

    Nickel compounds are widely used in industries and have been massively introduced in the environment in different chemical forms. Here we report the effect of two different chemical forms of nickel, NiCl2 and nickel nanoparticles (NiNPs), on the reproduction of the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. The behavior of nickel nanoparticles was analyzed with different techniques and with two protocols. In the "sonicated experiment" (SON) NiNP solution was sonicated while in the "non-sonicated experiment" (NON-SON) the solution was vigorously shaken by hand. Final nominal concentrations of 5, 10 and 50mgL(-1) and 1, 5 and 10mgL(-1) NiNPs were used for the acute and semichronic tests, respectively. Nanoparticle size did not change over time except for the highest concentration of 50mgL(-1) NiNPs, in which the diameter increased up to 843nm after 48h. The concentration of Ni dissolved in the water increased with NP concentration and was similar for SON and NON-SON solutions. Our results indicate that sonication does not modify toxicity for the copepod A. tonsa. Mean EC50 values were similar for NON-SON (20.2mgL(-1)) and SON experiments (22.14mgL(-1)) in the acute test. Similarly, no differences occurred between the two different protocols in the semichronic test, with an EC50 of 7.45mgL(-1) and 6.97mgL(-1) for NON-SON and SON experiments, respectively. Acute and semichronic tests, conducted exposing A. tonsa embryos to NiCl2 concentrations from 0.025 to 0.63mgL(-1), showed EC50 of 0.164 and 0.039mgL(-1), respectively. Overall, A. tonsa is more sensitive to NiCl2 than NiNPs with EC50 being one order of magnitude higher for NiNPs. Finally, we exposed adult copepods for 4 days to NiCl2 and NiNPs (chronic exposure) to study the effect on fecundity in terms of daily egg production and naupliar viability. Egg production is not affected by either form of nickel, whereas egg viability is significantly reduced by 0.025mgL(-1) NiCl2 and by 8.5mgL(-1) NiNPs. At NiNP concentration

  20. Larval development ratio test with the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa as a new bioassay to assess marine sediment quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buttino, Isabella; Vitiello, Valentina; Macchia, Simona; Scuderi, Alice; Pellegrini, David

    2018-03-01

    The copepod Acartia tonsa was used as a model species to assess marine sediment quality. Acute and chronic bioassays, such as larval development ratio (LDR) and different end-points were evaluated. As a pelagic species, A. tonsa is mainly exposed to water-soluble toxicants and bioassays are commonly performed in seawater. However, an interaction among A. tonsa eggs and the first larval stages with marine sediments might occur in shallow water environments. Here we tested two different LDR protocols by incubating A. tonsa eggs in elutriates and sediments coming from two areas located in Tuscany Region (Central Italy): Livorno harbour and Viareggio coast. The end-points analyzed were larval mortality (LM) and development inhibition (DI) expressed as the percentage of copepods that completed the metamorphosis from nauplius to copepodite. Aims of this study were: i) to verify the suitability of A. tonsa copepod for the bioassay with sediment and ii) to compare the sensitivity of A. tonsa exposed to different matrices, such as water and sediment. A preliminary acute test was also performed. Acute tests showed the highest toxicity of Livorno's samples (two out of three) compared to Viareggio samples, for which no effect was observed. On the contrary, LDR tests with sediments and elutriates revealed some toxic effects also for Viareggio's samples. Results were discussed with regards to the chemical characterization of the samples. Our results indicated that different end-points were affected in A. tonsa, depending on the matrices to which the copepods were exposed and on the test used. Bioassays with elutriates and sediments are suggested and LDR test could help decision-makers to identify a more appropriate management of dredging materials. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Influence of two different green algal diets on specific dynamic action and incorporation of carbon into biochemical fractions in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thor, P.; Cervetto, G.; Besiktepe, S.

    2002-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that the two green algae Tetraselmis sp. (Prasinophyceae) and Dunaliella tertiolecta (Chlorophyceae) induce high and low egg production rates in Acartia tonsa. The primary goal of the present study was to investigate if this is attributable to differences in the specif...

  2. Effects of anti-androgens cyproterone acetate, linuron, vinclozolin, and p,p'-DDE on the reproductive organs of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Watermann, Burkard T.; Albanis, Triantafyllos A.; Galassi, Silvana

    2016-01-01

    The study was performed to detect the effects of anti-androgenic compounds on the reproduction. In this paper alterations observed in the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa exposed to environmental concentrations of cyproterone acetate (CPA), linuron (LIN), vinclozolin (VIN), and 1,1-dichloro-2...

  3. First feeding of Eugerres brasilianus (Carapeva larvae with Acartia tonsa (Copepod nauplii increases survival and resistance to acute stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanessa de Melo Costa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The rotifer Brachionus sp. is commonly used for larval feeding in marine fish hatcheries. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the inclusion of Acartia tonsa nauplii in the initial diet of carapeva larvae improves their survival, growth and resistance to stress when compared to the regimen containing only rotifers. Adult copepods were collected in the wild and cultured with the microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri, Isochrysis galbana and Nannochloropsis oculata to obtain nauplii. Carapeva larvae were grown for 15 days using four treatments and three replicates: 1 Brachionus plicatilis rotifers (10 to 15/mL; 2 A. tonsa nauplii (0.25 to 0.5/mL; 3 Brachionus plicatilis rotifers (5 to 7.5/mL + A. tonsa nauplii (0.12 to 0.25/mL, and 4 no supply of live feed. After 15 days, the carapeva larvae were subjected to stress by exposure to air for 10 seconds and then returned to the source tank to evaluate survival after 24 h. Survival and stress resistance were higher in carapeva larvae fed B. plicatilis + A. tonsa nauplii (P<0.05, 20.9 ± 11.2% and 88.9%, respectively. These results confirm the positive effect of the inclusion of copepod nauplii in the diet of fish larvae. However, more research is needed to validate these results.

  4. Food size spectra, ingestion and growth of the copepod Acartia tonsa during development: implications for the determination of copepod production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berggren, U.; Hansen, B.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1988-01-01

    Clearance rates on different sizes of spherically shaped algae were determined in uni-algal experiments for all developmental stages (NII through adult) of the copepodAcartia tonsa, and used to construct food size spectra. Growth and developmental rates were determined at 7 food levels (0 to 1 500...... g C l-1 ofRhodomonas baltica). The lower size limit for particle capture was between 2 and 4 m for all developmental stages. Optimum particle size and upper size limit increased during development from 7 m and 10 to 14 m for NII to NIII to 14 to 70 m and 250 m for adults, respectively. When food...... size spectra were normalized (percent of maximum clearance in a particular stage versus particle diameter/prosome length) they resembled log-normal distributions with near constant width (variance). Optimum, relative particle sizes corresponded to 2 to 5% of prosome length independent of developmental...

  5. Can we use laboratory reared copepods for experiments - a comparison of feeding behavior and reproduction between a field and a laboratory population of Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tiselius, P.; Hansen, B.; Jonsson, P.

    1995-01-01

    Motility patterns and egg production were investigated in two populations of Acartia tonsa, field animals from the Oresund and laboratory animals from a 12-year-old (approximate to 120 generations) culture. When observed in aquaria with a layer of Thalassiosira weissflogii in the middle, laboratory...... differed considerably from held-caught A. tonsa from the eastern United States, where both behaviour and egg production changed consistently and in accordance with a strong aggregation in food patches. (C) 1995 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea...

  6. Ecological effects of scrubber water discharge on coastal plankton: Potential synergistic effects of contaminants reduce survival and feeding of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koski, Marja; Stedmon, Colin; Trapp, Stefan

    2017-01-01

    and hydrocarbons. We investigated 1) the threshold concentrations of scrubber discharge water for survival, feeding and reproduction of the copepod Acartia tonsa, 2) whether the effects depend on the exposure route and 3) whether exposure to discharge water can be detected in field-collected organisms. A direct...... constituents could have synergistic effects on plankton productivity and bioaccumulation of metals, although the effects will depend on their dilution in the marine environment....

  7. Embryonic cold storage capability from seven strains of Acartia spp. isolated in different geographical areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Buttino, Isabella; Cunha, Maria Emilia

    2016-01-01

    practically for establishing an egg bank, where embryos can be kept alive and hatched at a later time. The stored embryos can be shipped to end-users and the hatched nauplii used directly as live feed as well as they can be used to establish new copepod cultures. Acartia tonsa (Dana) is a cosmopolite...

  8. First genetic quantification of sex- and stage-specific feeding in the ubiquitous copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ismar, Stefanie M.H.; Kottmann, Johanna Sarah; Sommer, Ulrich

    2018-01-01

    -specific feeding differences between Acartia life stages and sexes, which can have implications on food-web dynamics and specific nutrient transfer to higher trophic levels in copepod populations of varying age composition under changing environmental parameters, such as rising temperatures and increasing ocean...... acidification....

  9. Accumulation of polyunsaturated aldehydes in the gonads of the copepod Acartia tonsa revealed by tailored fluorescent probes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfram, Stefanie; Nejstgaard, Jens C; Pohnert, Georg

    2014-01-01

    Polyunsaturated aldehydes (PUAs) are released by several diatom species during predation. Besides other attributed activities, these oxylipins can interfere with the reproduction of copepods, important predators of diatoms. While intensive research has been carried out to document the effects of PUAs on copepod reproduction, little is known about the underlying mechanistic aspects of PUA action. Especially PUA uptake and accumulation in copepods has not been addressed to date. To investigate how PUAs are taken up and interfere with the reproduction in copepods we developed a fluorescent probe containing the α,β,γ,δ-unsaturated aldehyde structure element that is essential for the activity of PUAs as well as a set of control probes. We developed incubation and monitoring procedures for adult females of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa and show that the PUA derived fluorescent molecular probe selectively accumulates in the gonads of this copepod. In contrast, a saturated aldehyde derived probe of an inactive parent molecule was enriched in the lipid sac. This leads to a model for PUAs' teratogenic mode of action involving accumulation and covalent interaction with nucleophilic moieties in the copepod reproductive tissue. The teratogenic effect of PUAs can therefore be explained by a selective targeting of the molecules into the reproductive tissue of the herbivores, while more lipophilic but otherwise strongly related structures end up in lipid bodies.

  10. Accumulation of polyunsaturated aldehydes in the gonads of the copepod Acartia tonsa revealed by tailored fluorescent probes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanie Wolfram

    Full Text Available Polyunsaturated aldehydes (PUAs are released by several diatom species during predation. Besides other attributed activities, these oxylipins can interfere with the reproduction of copepods, important predators of diatoms. While intensive research has been carried out to document the effects of PUAs on copepod reproduction, little is known about the underlying mechanistic aspects of PUA action. Especially PUA uptake and accumulation in copepods has not been addressed to date. To investigate how PUAs are taken up and interfere with the reproduction in copepods we developed a fluorescent probe containing the α,β,γ,δ-unsaturated aldehyde structure element that is essential for the activity of PUAs as well as a set of control probes. We developed incubation and monitoring procedures for adult females of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa and show that the PUA derived fluorescent molecular probe selectively accumulates in the gonads of this copepod. In contrast, a saturated aldehyde derived probe of an inactive parent molecule was enriched in the lipid sac. This leads to a model for PUAs' teratogenic mode of action involving accumulation and covalent interaction with nucleophilic moieties in the copepod reproductive tissue. The teratogenic effect of PUAs can therefore be explained by a selective targeting of the molecules into the reproductive tissue of the herbivores, while more lipophilic but otherwise strongly related structures end up in lipid bodies.

  11. Egg production and hatching success of Calanus chilensis and Acartia tonsa in the northern Chile upwelling zone (23°S), Humboldt Current System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruz, Paula M.; Hidalgo, Pamela; Yáñez, Sonia; Escribano, Rubén; Keister, Julie E.

    2015-08-01

    Oxygen Minimum Zones (OMZ's) are expanding and intensifying as result of climate change, affecting Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems. Local effects of vertical movements of OMZ's that result from changes in upwelling intensity could reduce or expand the oxygenated surface layer that most zooplanktonic species inhabit in coastal areas. Using the copepods Calanus chilensis and Acartia tonsa as model organisms, an experimental test of the impact of different dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations (between 0.5 and 5 ml L- 1) on egg production and hatching success was carried out and compared with field estimations of egg production, female and egg abundance in Mejillones Bay (23°S). Abundance of C. chilensis was highly variability and no consistent pattern in egg production and hatching success was found across DO levels, whereas A. tonsa egg production had maximum values between 2.6 and 4.7 ml O2 L- 1 and hatching success was positively correlated with DO (r = 0.75). In the field, temperature was the main factor controlling the dynamics of both species, while Chl-a and DO were also correlated with C. chilensis and A. tonsa, respectively. Principal Component Analysis showed that abundances of both copepods were controlled by temperature, stratification, OMZ depth, and Ekman transport, which together explained more than 70% of the total variance and were the main factors that modulated the populations of C. chilensis and A. tonsa in the upwelling zone of northern Chile (23°S). The differential responses of C. chilensis and A. tonsa to changes in DO concentrations associated with vertical movements of the OMZ suggest that C. chilensis may be better adapted to hypoxic conditions than A. tonsa, however both species are successful and persistent all year-round. We suggest that physiological responses of copepods could be used to evaluate population dynamics affected by the shoaling of OMZ's and the repercussions to trophic food webs of eastern boundary current systems.

  12. Effect of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP1) on early life-stage development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa at different temperatures and salinities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kusk, Kresten Ole; Avdolli, Manola; Wollenberger, Leah

    2011-01-01

    a copepodite stage (DT(½) ) at the different conditions were calculated. The DT(½) values decreased from 296 h at 15°C to 89 h at 25°C and were also affected by salinity (126 h at 15‰ and 167 h at 30‰), whereas the light:dark regime and culture density influenced development only to a minor extent. BP1......Benzophenone (BP)-type ultraviolet (UV) filters are widely used in cosmetic and sunscreen products and can enter the aquatic environment. Therefore, we investigated the subchronic toxicity of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP1) on the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in an early life......-stage development study. Since developmental endpoints depend on environmental conditions, a preceding study of A. tonsa development was performed at three temperatures, four salinities, four light:dark regimes, six food densities, and four culture densities. Times elapsed until 50% of the population had reached...

  13. Environmental stress responses and experimental handling artifacts of a model organism, the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, Birgitte; Jepsen, Per Meyer; Bucklin, Ann

    2018-01-01

    for these genes between 15 min and 24 h following exposure. Since handling stress clearly affects transcriptional patterns, it is important to consider handling when designing experiments, by either including additional controls or avoiding focus on impacted genes. Not considering handling in gene expression...... studies can lead to inaccurate conclusions. The present study provides a baseline for studying handling stress in future studies using this model organism and others....

  14. Recent advances within intensive Recirculated Aquaculture System cultivation of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Højgaard, Jacob Kring; Drillet, Guillaume

    2014-01-01

    ) was constructed as a part of the IMPAQ project “IMProvement of AQuaculture high quality fish fry production”. We present recent advance within RAS culture for copepods, and lesson learned from rearing the specie. Further we present physical and biological culture restrictions in terms of water quality (NH3...

  15. Effects of salinity, commercial salts, and water type on cultivation of the cryptophyte microalgae Rhodomonas salina and the calanoid Copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Thoisen, Christina V.; Carron-Cabaret, Thibaut

    2018-01-01

    Marine aquaculture facilities positioned far from the sea need access to seawater (SW); hence, commercial salts are often the chosen solution. In marine hatcheries, most fish larvae require live feed (zooplankton) that are in turn fed with microalgae. The objective of this research was to investi......Marine aquaculture facilities positioned far from the sea need access to seawater (SW); hence, commercial salts are often the chosen solution. In marine hatcheries, most fish larvae require live feed (zooplankton) that are in turn fed with microalgae. The objective of this research...... was to investigate the applicability of commercial salts and clarify the potential effects on the cultivation of the microalga Rhodomonas salina and the copepod Acartia tonsa. Three commercial salts were tested, Red Sea Salt (RS), Red Sea – Coral Pro Salt (CP), and Blue Treasure Salt. R. salina was cultured...

  16. Effect of temperature and viscosity on swimming velocity of the copepod Acartia tonsa, brine shrimp Artemia salina and rotifer Brachionus plicatilis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Poul Scheel; Madsen, C.V.; Riisgard, H.U.

    2008-01-01

    Beating cilia are important organelles for swimming in many zooplanktonic aquatic organisms, including many invertebrate larvae, rotifers and ciliates, but other planktonic organisms, such as copepods and brine shrimps, use muscle-powered swimming appendages. In recent studies we found...... of swimming velocity for a 10 degrees C temperature reduction) that is found to be largest for the brine shrimp Artemia salina nauplius (37 %) and the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis (26%), but negligible for the copepod Acartia tonsa (4%). We suggest that experimental data on change in swimming velocity (V......) due to change in kinematic viscosity (v) be correlated in terms of a power law, V proportional to v(-m). The present data on swimming velocity of copepods, brine shrimps and rotifers show values of exponent m approximate to 1.5 to 3, with a trend of decreasing values for increasing size of species...

  17. Effects of salinity on egg and fecal pellet production, development and survival, adult sex ratio and total life span in the calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa: a laboratory study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shayegan, Majid; Esmaeili Fereidouni, Abolghasem; Agh, Naser; Jani Khalili, Khosrow

    2016-07-01

    The effects of salinity on the copepod, Acartia tonsa in terms of daily egg production rate (EPR), hatching success, fecal pellet production rate (FPR), naupliar development time and survival, sex ratio, and total life span were determined in laboratory conditions through three experiments. In experiment 1, EPR, hatching success, and FPR of individual females were monitored at salinities of 13, 20, 35 and 45 during short-periods (seven consecutive days). Results show EPR was affected by salinity with the highest outputs recorded at 20 and 35, respectively, which were considerably higher than those at 13 and 45. Mean FPR was also higher in 35 and 20. In experiment 2, the same parameters were evaluated over total life span of females (long-term study). The best EPR and FPR were observed in 35, which was statistically higher than at 13 and 20. In experiment 3, survival rates of early nauplii until adult stage were lowest at a salinity of 13. The development time increased with increasing of salinity. Female percentage clearly decreased with increasing salinity. Higher female percentages (56.7% and 52.2%, respectively) were significantly observed at two salinities of 13 and 20 compared to that at 35 (25%). Total longevity of females was not affected by salinity increment. Based on our results, for mass culture we recommend that a salinity of 35 be adopted due to higher reproductive performances, better feeding, and faster development of A. tonsa.

  18. Effects of anti-androgens cyproterone acetate, linuron, vinclozolin, and p,p'-DDE on the reproductive organs of the copepod Acartia tonsa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watermann, Burkard T; Albanis, Triantafyllos A; Galassi, Silvana; Gnass, Katarina; Kusk, Kresten O; Sakkas, Vasilios A; Wollenberger, Leah

    2016-11-09

    The study was performed to detect the effects of anti-androgenic compounds on the reproduction. In this paper alterations observed in the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa exposed to environmental concentrations of cyproterone acetate (CPA), linuron (LIN), vinclozolin (VIN), and 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (p,p'-DDE) for 21 days covering a full life cycle are described. Histological alterations were studied with a focus on reproductive organs, gonad and accessory sexual glands. Exposure to ≥1.2 µg L(-1) CPA caused degeneration of spermatocytes and deformation of the spermatophore in males. In a single male exposed to 33 µg L(-1) CPA, an ovotestis was observed. In CPA exposed females, enhancement of oogenesis, increase in apoptosis and a decrease in proliferation occurred. Exposure of males to ≥12 µg L(-1) LIN caused degenerative effects in spermatogonia, spermatocytes and spermatids, and at 4.7 µg L(-1) LIN, the spermatophore wall displayed an irregular formation. In LIN exposed females, no such structural alterations were found; however, the proliferation index was reduced at 29 µg L(-1) LIN. At an exposure concentration of ≥100 µg L(-1) VIN, distinct areas in male gonad were stimulated, whereas others displayed a disturbed spermatogenesis and a deformed spermatophore wall. In VIN exposed female A. tonsa, no effects were observed. Male A. tonsa exposed to p,p'-DDE displayed an impairment of spermatogenesis in all stages with increased degrees of apoptosis. In p,p'-DDE-exposed females, a statistical significant increase of the proliferation index and an intensification of oogenesis were observed at 0.0088 µg L(-1).

  19. Ecological effects of scrubber water discharge on coastal plankton: Potential synergistic effects of contaminants reduce survival and feeding of the copepod Acartia tonsa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koski, Marja; Stedmon, Colin; Trapp, Stefan

    2017-08-01

    To meet the oncoming requirements for lower sulphur emissions, shipping companies can install scrubbers where the exhaust is sprayed with seawater and subsequently discharged to the sea. The discharge water has a pH around 3 and contains elevated concentrations of vanadium, nickel, lead and hydrocarbons. We investigated 1) the threshold concentrations of scrubber discharge water for survival, feeding and reproduction of the copepod Acartia tonsa, 2) whether the effects depend on the exposure route and 3) whether exposure to discharge water can be detected in field-collected organisms. A direct exposure to discharge water increased adult copepod mortality and reduced feeding at metal concentrations which were orders of magnitude lower than the lethal concentrations in previous single-metal studies. In contrast, reproduction was not influenced by dietary uptake of contaminants. Scrubber water constituents could have synergistic effects on plankton productivity and bioaccumulation of metals, although the effects will depend on their dilution in the marine environment. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Recommended feeding regime and light climate in live feed cultures of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Steensbjerg Bjørbæk, Niels; Rayner, Thomas Allan

    2017-01-01

    (spiked feeding), in four equal pulses (pulsed feeding), and evenly over 24 h (continuous feeding). The feeding regimes were investigated at low food levels (~200 µg C L−1) and at full-saturated food levels (~1800 µg C L−1). As photoperiod may have an effect on feeding uptake and productivity, the present...

  1. Crypthecodinium cohnii: a promising prey toward large-scale intensive rearing of the live feed copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, H. H.; Thoisen, C.; Hansen, B. W.

    2018-01-01

    . The trade-off of switching to the heterotrophic dinoflagellate diet is that the copepod performance is about 40% lower. Still, we propose that eliminating light in the rearing of copepod feed makes C. cohnii an interesting alternative and an economical feasible feed worth pursuing in large-scale rearing...

  2. A new large egg type from the marine live feed calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)-Perspectives for selective breeding of designer feed for hatcheries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammervold, Stian Halsen; Glud, Ronnie N.; Evjemo, Jan Ove

    2015-01-01

    correspondingly large, and the copepods remained large when developing into adulthood. The fact that copepods hatched from large eggs were fertile indicates no chromosomal abnormalities and suggests that this egg type represents the upper tail end of eggs in a classical normal distribution of size vs. frequency...

  3. The fate of lipids during development and cold-storage of eggs in the laboratory-reared calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa Dana, and in response to different algal diets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støttrup, Josianne; Bell, J.G.; Sargent, J.R.

    1999-01-01

    : the cryptophyte Rhodomonas baltica, the haptophyte Isochrysis galbana clone T- iso, the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii and the dinoflagellate Heterocapsa triquetra. Further, the effect of cold storage of eggs on the lipid composition of the newly hatched nauplii was examined. During development, the fatty acid...... composition changes from a tendency towards high levels of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in the early developmental stages towards a tendency to accumulate more saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in the later developmental stages. However, the content and composition of polyunsaturated fatty...

  4. Kausik Dana

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Kausik Dana. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 27 Issue 2 April 2004 pp 183-188 Flyash. Evolution of microstructure in flyash-containing porcelain body on heating at different temperatures · Kausik Dana Swapan Kumar Das · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  5. The occurrence of Acartia species and their environmental characteristics at three ports in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Jung-Hoon

    2011-12-01

    This study investigated the occurrence of Acartia copepods and their environmental characteristics to identify the existence and survival of foreign species at domestic ports in Korea. Copepods samples were collected seasonally, and temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), total suspended solids (TSS), and chlorophyll- a (chl- a) were measured at the seaports Incheon, Gwangyang, and Ulsan from 2007 to 2009. No foreign species was found and all of the Acartia copepods observed had been recorded in Korean waters previously. Acartia omorii, A. hongi, and A. pacifica were found at all three seaports, whereas portspecific species were found at Incheon ( A. sinjiensis) and Ulsan ( A. steueri, A. negligens, and A. danae). When chl- a and DO were not limited, eurythermal and euryhaline A. hongi, A. omorii, and A. hudsonica occurred at TSS concentrations between 38 and 183 mg·L-1, while warm-water copepods ( A. pacifica, A. ohtsukai, A. sinjiensis, and A. erythraea) occurred at TSS concentrations food was not limiting. These results indicated that the occurrence of Acartia copepods and related environmental characteristics are crucial information for differentiating foreign species from the native community and predicting the potential for foreign copepods to become established after their introduction to a seaport.

  6. Mjesto digitalisa danas

    OpenAIRE

    Francetić, Igor

    2010-01-01

    Digitalis je u kliničkoj primjeni više od 200 godina,stoga je razumljivo da se indikacijsko područje s vremenom značajno suzilo. Današnje indikacije za primjenu digoksina, koji je jedini pripravak digitalisa koji se danas rabi, definirane su temeljem rezultata postmarketinških studija od kojih je najvažnija studija DIG. Danas je dakle opravdano digoksin rabiti u bolesnika sa zatajenjem srca koji su u sinusnom ritmu, a u kojih nije postignut zadovoljavajući učinak primjenom ACE-inhibitora, blo...

  7. Dealing with the presence of the ciliate Euplotes sp. in cultures of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Dutz, Jörg

    2014-01-01

    Ciliates in live feed cultures can be a pest that lower production yields. This could dramatically affect the management and success of copepod cultures. In this study, we investigated the effect of the ciliate Euplotes sp. on egg production, specific egg production and egg hatching success...... of unsaturated fatty acids, but the amount of fatty acids compared to their carbon weight was very low and, therefore, it was considered as a poor food source. We propose a short-term interruption of food supply to copepod cultures in order to mitigate bloom formation of ciliates. This will force copepods...

  8. Influence of environmental conditions on the toxicokinetics of cadmium in the marine copepod Acartia tonsa

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pavlaki, Maria D.; Morgado, Rui G.; van Gestel, Cornelis A.M.; Calado, Ricardo; Soares, Amadeu M.V.M.; Loureiro, Susana

    2017-01-01

    mMarine and estuarine ecosystems are highly productive areas that often act as a final sink for several pollutants, such as cadmium. Environmental conditions in these habitats can affect metal speciation, as well as its uptake and depuration by living organisms. The aim of this study was to assess

  9. Rapid adaptation to oil exposure in the cosmopolitan copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krause, K. E.; Dinh, Khuong Van; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel

    Oil spills are potential environmental hazards to marine ecosystems worldwide. Oil spills may persist in seawater longer than one generation of many zooplankton species. However, whether populations of short-lived and fast growing marine organisms adapt to oil exposure through natural selection...... in size at maturity of females was less pronounced in the second generation. Strikingly, both survival, egg production and hatching success were recovered in the second generation, indicating a rapid selection towards individuals with adaptations to deal with pyrene exposure. Our results show...... that populations of short-lived and fast-growing copepods have the potential of showing surprisingly strong resilience to the type of oil contamination they might face in their natural coastal habitats...

  10. Umjetna inteligencija danas

    OpenAIRE

    Kovač, Lorena

    2015-01-01

    U radu je obrađena umjetna inteligencija i njezina primjena danas. U svijetu velikih podataka i poplave informacija sustavi koji primjenjuju umjetnu inteligenciju postaju sve značajniji. Krajem dvadesetog stoljeća, usvajanjem bottom-up pristupa u razvoju umjetne inteligencije započinju novi pravci istraživanja. Obilježeni su značajnim porastom ulaganja u razvoj inteligentnih sustava, koje traje i danas. U radu su opisane različite metode kojima se ostvaruje umjetna inteligencija. One uključuj...

  11. Sistem Akuntansi Pengelolaan Dana Desa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Kuncara Widagdo

    2016-10-01

    Pada tahun 2014, pemerintah dan DPR mengesahkan Undang-Undang Nomor 6 Tahun 2014 mengatur tentang hak dan kewajiban desa. Hal pokok dalam UU adalah adanya alokasi dana desa yang cukup besar untuk setiap desa. Pengesahan UU ini menimbulkan polemik dimasyarakat. Beberapa pihak menyambut gembira terbitnya UU tersebut karena adanya dana desa akan menjadikan desa sebagai pusat pembangunan. Sebaliknya, beberapa pihak berpendapat bahwa dana desa yang akan dialokasikan kepada desa akan menimbulkan potensi korupsi yang dilakukan aparat desa. Sebagai tindak lanjut UU tersebut, pemerintah juga telah menerbitkan Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri No. 113/2015 tentang Pengelolaan Keuangan Desa yang menjadi panduan bagi pemerintah desa dalam penata kelolaan keuangan desa. Oleh karena itu, pengabdian masyarakat ini bertujuan untuk  mengetahui berbagai permasalahan yang dialami desa terkait pengelolaan dana desa dan memberikan bimbingan dan pelatihan pengelolaan dana desa. Pengabdian di lakukan di Desa Kismoyoso dan Desa Giriroto Kecamatan Ngemplak Boyolali. Pada tahap awal pengabdian dilakukan observasi dan diskusi secara langsung dengan Kepala Desa Kismoyoso dan  Giriroto. Hal ini  bertujuan untuk memahami lebih dalam permasalahan kedua desa terkait pengelolaan dana desa. Hasil observasi dan diskusi menunjukkan bahwa permasalahan utama yang timbul adalah rendahnya pengetahuan dari kepala desa di kedua desa tersebut berserta pelaksana teknis terkait pengelolaan keuangannya desa berdasarkan Permendagri No. 113/2015. Hal itu ditambah lagi dengan belum adanya tenaga pendamping dari Kabupaten Boyolali yang diturunkan untuk mendampingi di kedua desa tersebut. Tim pengabdian menganggap pelaporan keuangan dana desa secara komputer merupakan solusi untuk mengatasi kendala tersebut. Permendagri No. 113/2015 hanya mengatur  format-format pelaporan secara manual dan tidak mensyaratkan adanya komputerisasi dalam pelaporannya. Disisi lain,  teknologi informasi komputer (TIK telah semakin

  12. Effects of methyltestosterone, letrozole, triphenyltin and fenarimol on histology of reproductive organs of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Watermann, Burkard T.; Albanis, Triantafyllos A.; Dagnac, Thierry

    2013-01-01

    and displayed deformations. In females, LET induced a disorder of oogenesis and disturbances in yolk synthesis. TPT stimulated the male reproductive system at 0.0014 and 0.0035μg TPT-SnL−1, whereas inhibiting effects were observed in the female gonad at 0.0088μg TPT-SnL−1. In FEN exposed females proliferation...... to act as androgens in vertebrates. The digestive tract, musculature, nervous system, reproductive organs, gonad and accessory sexual glands were examined by light microscopy after routine staining and immune-labelling for detection of apoptosis and determination of proliferation activities. MET induced...... of gametes was reduced and yolk formation showed irregular features at 2.8–105μgL−1. In FEN exposed males an elevated proliferation activity was observed. No pathological alterations in other organ systems, e.g. the digestive tract including the hindgut acting as respiratory organ, the nervous system...

  13. A new species of Acartia (Copepoda, Calanoida) from Cochin Harbour, India, and adjacent areas

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Abraham, S.

    During the course of a study of the family Acartiidae of Cochin harbour and its neighbourhood, a species of Acartia different from all other known species of Acartia, was found. Its characteristics, habitat and seasonal distribution form the theme...

  14. Transitioning the Defense Automated Neurobehavioral Assessment (DANA) to Operational Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    Shipboard (USS George Washington during high seas in the Western Pacific) TABLE I. DANA Test Batteries* DANA Rapid (5 Minutes) DANA Brief (15 Minutes) DANA...approximately 3,000 m) — Desert (U.S. Marine Corps Desert Warfare Training Center—Twentynine Palms, CA, in the summer) — Shipboard (USS George Washington...Halpern, E. L., Reeves, D., & Daniel, J. C. Future Directions of Neuropsychological Assessment in Sports Concussion. In, Bleiberg, J., Cantor , I. V

  15. Effect of heterotrophic versus autotrophic food on feeding and reproduction of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa : relationship with prey fatty acid composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broglio, E.; Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Calbet, A.

    2003-01-01

    Gymnodinium sanguineum. The diets were also analyzed for fatty acid contents and composition, relationships with EPE and reproductive success were determined. Clear differences were found in the fatty acid contents and the composition of the different diets offered, but these differences did not correspond...... with variability in EPE. However, egg viability was correlated with ingestion of certain prey essential fatty acids; interestingly, our data do not show that ciliates and heterotrophic dinoflagellates are nutritionally superior prey for marine copepods, contrary to general expectations....

  16. Toxicity of some heavy metals to copepods Acartia spinicauda and Tortanus forcipatus

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Madhupratap, M.; Achuthankutty, C.T.; Nair, S.R.S.

    Copper was most toxic to the species tested followed by cadmium and zinc The estuarine species Acartia spinicauda was more sensitive to the toxicants that the marine species Tortanus forcipatus The 48 hr LC50 values are presented....

  17. PERANCANGAN SISTEM INFORMASI DANA DESA DI KABUPATEN KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pratomo Setiaji

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Kudus merupakan Kabupaten terkecil di Jawa Tengah dengan luas wilayah mencapai 2.516 Ha yang terbagi dalam 9 Kecamatan, desa yang ada di Kabupaten Kudus berjumlah 123 dimana pada tahun ini mendapatkan alokasi dana desa sebesar Rp 1,4 miliar, alokasi dana desa tidak akan dibagi rata. Alokasi dana untuk setiap desa disesuaikan dengan sejumlah kriteria seperti jumlah penduduk, tingkat kesejahteraan, serta sejumlah kriteria lainnya. Permasalahan yang timbul adalah mekanisme perencanaan dan penggunaan yang belum terdata dengan baik Permasalah tersebut dapat diatasi dengan penyajian informasi yang baik dan transparan, untuk itu diperlukan sebuah Sistem informasi dana desa untuk pengelolaan dana desa menggunakan metode waterfall. sistem informasi ini sangat berguna untuk memonitor dana desa dan serapan yang dilaksanakan tiap desa secara real time, juga sebagai informasi bagi kepala desa maupun pemangku kebijakan di Kabupaten Kudus untuk menetapkan sebuah kebijakan Penelitian ini menghasilkan sebuah model perancangan sistem yang berikan model waterfall dalam bentuk diagram use case, struktur penyimpanan data dan desain tampilan aplikasi. Kata kunci: Sistem Informasi, dana desa.

  18. PERANAN DAN TANGGUNG JAWAB MANAJER INVESTASI DALAM MENGELOLA REKSA DANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Retnowati

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Managing Reksa Dana investment managers have important and serious responsibility. It is related to the existence of the Reksa Dana formed, that is aimed to be an institution that collect fund from the shareholders community. The institution is one of the efforts to improve the development of Indonesia. The responsibility of investment managers include how to provide trusts to the community to invest, provide sufficient assurances for investment safety as well as profit.

  19. Võitlev raamatukogutöötaja ja radikaalne uuendaja John Cotton Dana / Eda Pihu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihu, Eda

    2010-01-01

    Dana on ajalukku läinud avariiulite loojana, laste- ja äriraamatukogudele alusepanijana, reklaami kasutajana raamatukogude propageerimisel ühiskonnas ja lugemisharjumuste edendajana. Lisa: John Cotton Dana 12 kuulsat lugemise reeglit

  20. Dana Desa dan Demokrasi dalam Perspektif Desentralisasi Fiskal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isto Widodo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Dana Desa (Village Fund Program is targetting equal economic growth based on bottom up wealth growth. Constrastly, in its practice, there are some problems due its effect on program responsibility and on socio-political relation. Based on Theory of Fiscal Decentralization, this paper presenting the practice of Dana Desa Program in Desa Bajo, Soromandi, Bima, Province of NusaTenggara Barat (West Nusa Tenggara/NTB. We found that the effect of democracy capacity weakness that causing low government capacity as main source of the problems. Instead of gaining its aims, Dana Desa is trigging political and governmental problems in Desa Bajo. Low democracy capacity as the main source of the problemms, caused by internal and external factors i.e. political culture, institutional framework as well as factor of political actors and political institutions.

  1. Copepod recruitment and food composition : Do diatoms affect hatching success?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1996-01-01

    was fed several different diets while egg production and hatching success were monitored. The diet was analysed for fatty acid content as an indicator of food quality. Both egg production and hatching were found to be affected by the nutritional quality of the food. Hatching was also highly dependent......Laboratory experiments were conducted to differentiate between factors controlling the hatching success of copepod eggs. Factors that could affect viability of eggs; viz food quality, female condition and external factors were investigated. In a series of experiments the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana...

  2. PERCEPTUAL MAPPING DAN KORESPONDENSI PRODUK PEMBIAYAAN BMT DANA MENTARI PURWOKERTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoiz Shofwa Safrani

    2016-11-01

    of line, in general management has orientation towards profit oriented.  That phenomena causing BMT should be compete with all different forms and structures of conventional financial institutions and Islamic financial institutions. The competition are to get the good customer for funding and financing. To win the competition, BMT prosecuted to provide optimal service to their customers. This field research aims to see the mapping of Funds Product of BMT Dana Mentari as the biggest BMT in Purwokerto among its competitors with multidimensional scalling analysis and correspondences. The result of spatial mapping was the BMT Khonsa is located on quadrant with a value of dimension 2 is positive and valued of dimension 1 is negative, BMT Dana Mentari is located on quadrant with a value of dimension 2 is positive and the value of dimension 2 is positive, BMT El Mentari is on a quadrant with a value of dimension 1 is negative and neither the values of dimensions 2, BMT Buana Emas is located on quadrant with the value of dimension 2 is negative and the values of dimension 2 is positive. The conclusion are each BMT are on the different quadrants so it doesn’t become a major competitor to the other and there are not similarities between BMT Dana Mentari with other BMT.

  3. Polypteridae (Actinopterygii: Cladistia) and DANA-SINEs insertions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morescalchi, Maria Alessandra; Barucca, Marco; Stingo, Vincenzo; Capriglione, Teresa

    2010-06-01

    SINE sequences are interspersed throughout virtually all eukaryotic genomes and greatly outnumber the other repetitive elements. These sequences are of increasing interest for phylogenetic studies because of their diagnostic power for establishing common ancestry among taxa, once properly characterized. We identified and characterized a peculiar family of composite tRNA-derived short interspersed SINEs, DANA-SINEs, associated with mutational activities in Danio rerio, in a group of species belonging to one of the most basal bony fish families, the Polypteridae, in order to investigate their own inner specific phylogenetic relationships. DANA sequences were identified, sequenced and then localized, by means of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), in six Polypteridae species (Polypterus delhezi, P. ornatipinnis, P. palmas, P. buettikoferi P. senegalus and Erpetoichthys calabaricus) After cloning, the sequences obtained were aligned for phylogenetic analysis, comparing them with three Dipnoan lungfish species (Protopterus annectens, P. aethiopicus, Lepidosiren paradoxa), and Lethenteron reissneri (Petromyzontidae)was used as outgroup. The obtained overlapping MP, ML and NJ tree clustered together the species belonging to the two taxonomically different Osteichthyans groups: the Polypteridae, by one side, and the Protopteridae by the other, with the monotypic genus Erpetoichthys more distantly related to the Polypterus genus comprising three distinct groups: P. palmas and P. buettikoferi, P. delhezi and P. ornatipinnis and P. senegalus. In situ hybridization with DANA probes marked along the whole chromosome arms in the metaphases of all the Polypteridae species examined. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. LA CONFIGURACIÓN DEL SIGLO XXI EN LA POÉTICA DE DANA GELINAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GLORIA VERGARA

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we will study the poetry of Dana Gelinas, highlighting the strategies to representing the contemporary world. This Mexican poetess sees humans as entranced in front of windows or powerlessin the social struggle. Dana Gelinas’ poetry is naked and strong like the desert. Her verse come without much of preamble to define the image of the 21st century.

  5. Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) Prototype System User Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sam Alessi; Dennis Keiser

    2012-10-01

    This document is a user manual for the Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) model. DANA provides an analysis of dairy anaerobic digestion technology and allows users to calculate biogas production, co-product valuation, capital costs, expenses, revenue and financial metrics, for user customizable scenarios, dairy and digester types. The model provides results for three anaerobic digester types; Covered Lagoons, Modified Plug Flow, and Complete Mix, and three main energy production technologies; electricity generation, renewable natural gas generation, and compressed natural gas generation. Additional options include different dairy types, bedding types, backend treatment type as well as numerous production, and economic parameters. DANA’s goal is to extend the National Market Value of Anaerobic Digester Products analysis (informa economics, 2012; Innovation Center, 2011) to include a greater and more flexible set of regional digester scenarios and to provide a modular framework for creation of a tool to support farmer and investor needs. Users can set up scenarios from combinations of existing parameters or add new parameters, run the model and view a variety of reports, charts and tables that are automatically produced and delivered over the web interface. DANA is based in the INL’s analysis architecture entitled Generalized Environment for Modeling Systems (GEMS) , which offers extensive collaboration, analysis, and integration opportunities and greatly speeds the ability construct highly scalable web delivered user-oriented decision tools. DANA’s approach uses server-based data processing and web-based user interfaces, rather a client-based spreadsheet approach. This offers a number of benefits over the client-based approach. Server processing and storage can scale up to handle a very large number of scenarios, so that analysis of county, even field level, across the whole U.S., can be performed. Server based databases allow dairy and digester

  6. SUSTAINABLE FACTORS IN THE HUMAN ASSETS OF DANA HOTEL AS A HERITAGE HOTEL IN SOLO, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyuniwati Wahyudi

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to study what sustainable factors of Dana Hotel in the human assets; and also find out what the status of Dana Hotel, using VRIN analysis (Value, Rarity, Imperfect Imitability, and Non-Subs­ti­tu­ta­bility from Natural Language Data of observation and in-depth interviews in a descriptive qua­litative study. In results, in order to achieve sustainability, Dana Hotel has valuable, rare, imperfectly imitable, and non-subs­titutable factors in the human assets. As the human assets are valuable, rare, im­perfectly imitable, and non-subs­titutable, the status of Dana Hotel is sustainable in the context of hu­man resources. It is concluded that following the success of Dana Hotel, organizations that have those fac­tors or even more, tend to have big opportunities to survive.

  7. KINERJA KEUANGAN PADA USAHA KECIL MENENGAH PENERIMA DANA BERGULIR MODAL KERJA DI KABUPATEN KEDIRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jabal Tarik Ibrahim

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of research is to analyze the financial performance of UKM beforeand after receiving Dana Bergulir Modal Kerja. The main data that is collected as secondarydata. Descriptive analysis is used to investigation on company characteristic has received DanaBergulir Modal Kerja, while the financial and marketing are analyzed by using quantitaveanalysis which used financial ratio analysis and different t-test. Result of analysis showed thatthe organized of Dana Bergulir Modal Kerja done by the businessmen who has right target.There’s only one financial ratio index that has real differenciates statistically that is net profitmargin showed that almost the big of UD decreased on that index. Statistically the sellingturnover after receiving Dana Bergulir Modal Kerja. The right empowerment for UKM by DanaBergulir Modal Kerja is done by “tanggung renteng”system.

  8. Dana's Minerals and How to Study Them, Fourth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cribb, Warner

    Anyone who spends time in a geology lab, natural science museum, or rock and mineral shop can see that nature provides us with an incredible variety of minerals. Countless introductory geology students get “turned on” to the science of geology by studying minerals. Despite the development of modern instruments that enable rapid and detailed mineral, chemical, and atomic structural analysis, the study of minerals by hand sample remains one of the most popular and economical pursuits of many professional geologists, students, and amateur mineral enthusiasts.Because individuals with varying backgrounds in physical science collect and study minerals, a considerable need exists for a reference text that can be effectively used by both professionals and amateurs. Edward Salisbury Dana published the first such text, Minerals and How to Study Them, over a century ago. The third and last edition of this book was published in 1948. In the 50 years since, considerable changes have occurred in the understanding of mineral chemistry, crystallography, and microscopy. As a result, Dana's third edition is somewhat out of date, and its presentation of material is somewhat antiquated for modern-day readers.

  9. Analisis Kinerja 14 Reksa Dana Saham Terbaik Periode 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yen sun

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Capital Market is a significant indicator of an economy for a country. However, in Indonesia many people are not familiar yet with the investment activity in capital market. The writer is then interested to study the performance of the best (15 mutual fund (shares 2010 version of Investor Magazine for the next period investment decision in 2011. The research will be focused on several stages. First, it will compute the return for 14 mutual funds, market return and risk-free rate for one year period. Then, the performance will be evaluated using Sharpe, Treynor to find which mutual fund outperform the market. Also, each method will result rank of the best mutual fund. Furthermore, there is one more method will be used in performance evaluation, Jensen. The result of this study is there are two mutual funds that can be recommended for investment in 2011, they are Panin Dana Maksima and Panin Dana Prima. They are recommended because the two mutual funds showed the best performance for those three methods of evaluation and they can maintain their performance for more than one period. 

  10. May 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from Dana Point to Point La...

  11. September 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from Dana Point to Point La...

  12. STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN DANA DESA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT DESA KALIKAYEN KABUPATEN SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Depi Rahayu

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini mengidentifikasi tentang pengelolaan dana desa. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Desa Kalikayen Kecamatan Ungaran Timur Kabupaten Semarang. Penelitian ini dilakukan karena dana desa memiliki implikasi yang sangat besar dan juga signifikan terhadap pembangunan desa di setiap kabupaten yang ada di Indonesia. Jenis penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan data primer dan data sekunder. Penelitian ini menggunakan alat analisis SWOT. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui mekanisme pengelolaan dana desa, mengidentifikasi perkembangan infrastruktur setelah adanya dana desa, dan menentukan strategi. Hasil dari penelitian ini menujukan mekanisme pengelolaan dana desa yang dilakukan desa kalikayen sudah sesuai dengan aturan yang ada, perkembangan infrastruktur di desa sudah jauh lebih baik, dan Strategi yang tepat untuk digunakan dalam pengelolaan dana desa yaitu dengan mengefektifkan dana-dana bantuan guna meningkatkan perekonomian serta memanfaatkan SDM yang cukup potensial. This study was to identify the village fund management in the Kalikayen village, East Ungaran sub-district, Semarang regency. This research was conducted for the village fund had huge implications and is also significant to the development of villages in every district in Indonesia. This research uses a quantitative method using primary data and secondary data. This research using SWOT analysis tool. The purpose of this study to determine the mechanism of village fund management, identify infrastructure development after their village funds, and determine the strategy. The results of this study addressed the mechanism of fund management villages conducted village kalikayen are in accordance with existing rules, the development of infrastructure in the village is already much better, and the right strategy to be used in the management of village fund is to streamline assistance funds to support the economy and harness human resources

  13. Dana Scully: la heroína limitada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Martín Alegre

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The popular heroine Dana Scully, protagonist of the TV series The XFiles (1993-2002, is a clear example of the contradictory status of all heroines created by men that are nonetheless attractive to female audiences. On the one hand, female spectators admire her as an example of personal and professional honesty but feel frustrated by her weak points, which are emotional. They don’t know whether to read them as realistic features –women are like that- or as plain misogyny: the male creators of the character force her to go in direction no woman in her place would go. After considering her origins, characterisation and development, especially in the last two seasons in which she becomes a mother, I conclude that the ambiguous feminine response she generates is inevitable. Feminist textual criticism reaches thus a dead end: we should give up deploring the absence of a clear feminist stance in men’s texts to vindicate the presence of women in the positions they monopolise in the film and TV industries. Only thus can we really learn what kind of popular heroine we women really want.

  14. The Myth of Danaë in El curioso impertinente: Cervantes, Terence and Titian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederick A. de Armas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the classical myths that are present in Cervantes’ interpolated tale of El curioso impertinente, the rape of Danaë, has not receive much critical attention.. The many visual images in the cervantine tale recall the use of ekphrasis to portray the myth in Terence’s Eunuch, where the painting is one of the causes of Pánfila’s rape. The cervantine tale evokes the controversy triggered by the ancient play, starting with Saint Augustine and continuing into the Spanish Golden Age, with writers such as Juan de Mariana and Juan de Pineda. This study of Terence’s comedy along with the painting of Danae, sent by Titian to Philip II, serves to the underline the structural and thematic importance of the myth in Cervantes’ tale. Through the story of Danaë, Cervantes enters into the debate on the impact of the visual arts at the time of the Counterreformation.

  15. MODEL PENYALURAN DANA (FINANCING DALAM OPTIMALISASI PENGEMBANGAN UMKM DI KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumiyati

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan yang saat ini dihadapi UMKM adalah seringkali pembiayaan dana komersil dengan cost of capital yang relatif tinggi, persyaratan sangat selektif dan jumlah yang tidak mencukupi serta kadangkala salah sasaran, sehingga program permodalan tidak dapat memberikan manfaat yang optimal pada pengembangan UMKM. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk merancang model penyaluran dana (financing dalam optimalisasi pengembangan UMKM, terutama dari sudut pandang pelaku UMKM. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ada 3 (tiga tahapan, yang pertama yaitu metode deskriptif dengan pendekatan tabulasi, yang kedua yaitu analisis medan kekuatan (Force Field Analysis, serta yang terakhir yaitu The House Model. Hasil penelitian mengindentifikasi permasalahan financing yang dihadapi pelaku UMKM, mengkaji kekuatan pendorong dan kekuatan penghambat pengembangan UMKM, dan mengembangkan rancangan The House Model yaitu model penyaluran dana dalam optimalisasi pengembangan UMKM di Kabupaten Kubu Raya Provinsi Kalimantan Barat.

  16. Test pilots 1962 - Armstrong, Walker, Dana, Peterson, McKay, Thompson, Butchart

    Science.gov (United States)

    1962-01-01

    The research pilots at what in 1962 was called the Flight Research Center standing in front of the X-1E. They are (left to right) Neil Armstrong, Joe Walker, Bill Dana, Bruce Peterson, Jack McKay, Milt Thompson, and Stan Butchart. of the group, Armstrong, Walker, Dana, McKay and Thompson all flew the X-15. Bruce Peterson flew the M2-F2 and HL-10 lifting bodies, while Stan Butchart was the B-29 drop plane pilot for many of the D-558-II and X-1 series research aircraft.

  17. Promoting Writing among Psychology Students and Faculty: An Interview with Dana S. Dunn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goddard, Perilou

    2002-01-01

    Perilou Goddard is a professor of psychology at Northern Kentucky University (NKU), where she teaches introductory and abnormal psychology as well as courses in writing in psychology and drug policy. She was chosen as NKU's outstanding professor in 1999. Dana S. Dunn is a professor of psychology and former chair of the Department of Psychology at…

  18. Program Spotlight: Dana Farber/Harvard Cancer Center Partnership Receives $8 Million Grant

    Science.gov (United States)

    The UMass Boston and Dana Farber/Harvard Cancer Center PACHE Partnership received a grant to start-up a Center for Personalized Cancer Therapy on the UMass Boston campus. The center is deigned to train underrepresented students to work in cancer research.

  19. IMPLEMENTASI PROGRAM ALOKASI DANA DESA (ADD DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DI DESA PUNAGAYA KECAMATAN BANGKALA KABUPATEN JENEPONTO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octrian TSL

    2013-04-01

    expected to increase creativity, prosperity and jobs for the community. Desa Punagaya melalui Alokasi dana desa (ADD akan mengalokasikan anggaran untuk pemberdayaan masyarakat di bidang usaha produksi gula merah,penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat implementasi alokasi dana dalam program pemberdayaan masyarakat desa dan faktor yang mempengaruhi pelaksanaan implementasi alokasi dana desa dalam program pemberdayaan masyarakat di Desa Punagaya kecamatan Bangkala kabupaten Jeneponto. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian deskriptif kualitatif dengan teknik penarikan sampel yang digunakan adalah purposive sampling. Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik analisis data hasil wawancara dan observasi , dimana setelah data dikumpulkan selanjutnya dianalisis dengan menggunakan tabel frekwensi kemudian di deskripsikan secara kualitatif. Jumlah sampel 33 orang terdiri dari Kepala desa 1 orang, Sekretaris desa 1 orang, anggota Panitia seminar 5 orang , Masyarakat setempat 7 orang, Ibu PKK 4 orang , Pembuat gula merah 6 orang, Tim Pelaksana Bantuan Langsung ADD 3orang, Tokoh masyarakat 6 orang. Penelitaian ini menunjukkan bahwa sebesar 52% masyarakat Desa punagaya beranggapan bahwa implementasi alokasi dana desa di Desa punagaya kurang baik hal ini terjadi karena masyarakat tidak melihat adanya program yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah setempat guna meningkatkan pemberdayaan masyarakat dan peningkatan perbaikan pelayanan yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah setempat dengan menggunakan alokasi dana desa. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah penulis lakukan, dapat disimpulkan bahwa masyarakat belum diberdayakan secara optimal dalam pemanfaatan DD di Desa Punagaya Kecamatan Bangkala Kabupaten Jeneponto. Hal ini disebabkan karena adanya masalah seperti alokasi dana yang diberikan belum memadai untuk meningatkan pemberdayaan masyarakat , selain itu alokasi dana ini sering terlambat diberikan dan rendahmya pengaruh aparatur desa terhadap pengembangan dan pengelolaan alokasi dana desa ini menjadi faktor

  20. The Impact of Typhoon Danas (2013) on the Torrential Rainfall Associated with Typhoon Fitow (2013) in East China

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Hongxiong; Du, Bo

    2015-01-01

    When typhoon Danas (2013) was located at northeast of Taiwan during 6–8 October 2013, a torrential rainfall brought by typhoon Fitow (2013) occurred over the east of China. Observations show that the rainband of Fitow, which may be impacted by Danas, caused the rainfall over north of Zhejiang. The Advanced Research version of the Weather Research and Forecast (ARW-WRF) model was used to investigate the possible effects of typhoon Danas (2013) on this rainfall event. Results show that the mode...

  1. The Impact of Typhoon Danas (2013 on the Torrential Rainfall Associated with Typhoon Fitow (2013 in East China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongxiong Xu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available When typhoon Danas (2013 was located at northeast of Taiwan during 6–8 October 2013, a torrential rainfall brought by typhoon Fitow (2013 occurred over the east of China. Observations show that the rainband of Fitow, which may be impacted by Danas, caused the rainfall over north of Zhejiang. The Advanced Research version of the Weather Research and Forecast (ARW-WRF model was used to investigate the possible effects of typhoon Danas (2013 on this rainfall event. Results show that the model captured reasonably well the spatial distribution and evolution of the rainband of Fitow. The results of a sensitivity experiment removing Danas vortex, which is conducted to determine its impact on the extreme rainfall, show that extra moist associated with Danas plays an important role in the maintenance and enhancement of the north rainband of Fitow, which resulted in torrential rainfall over the north of Zhejiang. This study may explain the unusual amount of rainfall over the north of Zhejiang province caused by interaction between the rainband of typhoon Fitow and extra moisture brought by typhoon Danas.

  2. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute: Identification of Therapeutic Targets Across Cancer Types | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Dana Farber Cancer Institute CTD2 Center focuses on the use of high-throughput genetic and bioinformatic approaches to identify and credential oncogenes and co-dependencies in cancers. This Center aims to provide the cancer research community with information that will facilitate the prioritization of targets based on both genomic and functional evidence, inform the most appropriate genetic context for downstream mechanistic and validation studies, and enable the translation of this information into therapeutics and diagnostics.

  3. Reliability Assessment of the Defense Automated Neurobehavioral Assessment (DANA) in Extreme Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    multiple automated cognitive tests, data management and reporting capabilities, and executive menu. The DANA battery was given on a Trimble NOMAD ...handheld computing device using a stylus for consistency. The NOMAD runs a custom version of the Android Operating System and has a color 3.5 inch... digit pairs are shown below a key, & the participant indicates it matches the one in the key. PRO This test targets decision-making capabilities

  4. EVALUASI KINERJA TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI DANA PENSIUN SEKOLAH KRISTEN SALATIGA MENGGUNAKAN FRAMEWORK COBIT 5

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yosafanto Adi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Sistem Keuangan merupakan infrastruktur teknologi informasi yang ada di Dana Pensiun Sekolah Kristen Salatiga. Sistem Keuangan dapat mengelola berbagai laporan mulai dari pencatatan kas hingga pembuatan laporan keuangan. Pentingnya sistem keuangan dalam operasional, menjadikannya  harus dalam kondisi yang optimal. Perlu adanya kontrol dan evaluasi terhadap kinerja sistem informasi (SI agar sistem yang dibangun organisasi dapat mencapai tujuan bisnis. Untuk itu diperlukannya evaluasi kinerja sistem keuangan, pada penelitian ini standar yang digunakan untuk proses evaluasi kinerja yaitu COBIT 5. Framework COBIT 5 dapat menjadi sebuah alat evaluasi kinerja SI untuk menilai seberapa jauh SI  dapat memenuhi kebutuhan tujuan bisnis. Berdasarkan evaluasi kinerja pada sistem keuangan menggunakan COBIT 5 didapatkan hasil bahwa organisasi sudah mengimplementasikan semua proses, yang berarti Dana Pensiun Sekolah Kristen Salatiga sudah mencapai tingkat kapabilitas pada level 1 (Performed Process maupun level 2 (Managed Process. Untuk memperbaiki tingkat kapabilitas proses-proses TI tersebut, maka COBIT 5 telah memberikan panduan berupa rekomendasi guna penyelerasan antara tujuan bisnis Dana Pensiun Sekolah Kristen dengan tujuan TI dalam rangka meningkatkan efisiensi dan efektifitas Sistem Keuangan untuk mencapai tujuan organisasi.

  5. Economic feasibility of copepod production for commercial use

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gedefaw Abate, Tenaw; Nielsen, Rasmus; Nielsen, Max

    2015-01-01

    of producing copepods for commercial application. This is the first empirical study to investigate the economic feasibility of copepod production for commercial use. To this end, a standard cost-benefit analysis based on a prototype production facility of Acartia tonsa (Dana) eggs at Roskilde University...... condition, reduces mal-pigmentation and allows breeding of ‘new’ marine finfish species. However, copepods are not yet commercially produced and therefore not widely used in the aquaculture industry. One of the bottlenecks for large-scale production has been lack of economic knowledge on the feasibility......, Denmark, is employed. The result reveals that commercial production of copepods is economically feasible considering the existing market prices on both copepods and competing live feed items such as rotifers. The study provides valuable information for businesses who consider investing in live feed...

  6. ANCIENT SHIPYARD ON TURKEY’S DANA ISLAND: ITS 3D MODELLING WITH PHOTOGRAMMETRY AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Denker

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Although a small island 2 km off the southern coast of Turkey, Dana Island offers a rich history which is likely to shed light upon the Dark Ages. Starting from 2015 our archaeological team discovered through continuing coastal and underwater excavations 274 shipsheds/slipways there. This discovery places Dana Island among the biggest shipyards of antiquity. The slipways varied in dimensions suitable for vessels of different sizes from small boats to large warships. Historical sources suggest that the name of the island may stem from Yadnana, Yadana or Adana which was mentioned in an Assyrian tablet of the 8th century BC, as an island in the vicinity of Cyprus. Archaeological evidence exists that shows Dana Island had played a significant role in seamanship activities in Levant starting from Neolithic times. A substantial part of the naval campaigns must have involved Dana Island which used be the biggest shipyard/naval base of the Eastern Mediterranean. A 3D model of the island has been made by using photogrammetry and computer graphics methods and simulations were executed to check the hypotheses related to the involvement of Dana Island in the major sea battles of antiquity, such as Sea Battle of Lade in 495 BC.

  7. Development of copepod nauplii to copepodites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Henrik Rasmus; Wollenberger, Leah; Halling-Sørensen, Bent

    2001-01-01

    Test compounds including natural hormones, endocrine disrupters, environmentally occurring compounds, and reference compounds were tested for acute toxicity and inhibitory effect on larval development in the copepod Acartia tonsa. Three compounds, 17a-ethinylestradiol, p-octylphenol, and tamoxifen...

  8. Pengembangan Potensi Dana Zakat Produktif Melalui Lembaga Amil Zakat (LAZ untuk Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosi Rosmawati

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Kegiatan membayar zakat mempunyai hubungan vertikal yaitu hubungan antara Allah SWT. sebagai Tuhan dan manusia sebagai mahkluk-Nya. Namun, kegiatan membayar zakat juga bersifat muamalat karena mempunyai hubungan horizontal yaitu antara manusia dengan manusia. Pengelolaan zakat bertujuan meningkatkan daya guna dan hasil guna zakat yang berdampak pada terwujudnya keadilan, kesejahteraan masyarakat, dan penanggulangan kemiskinan. Permasalahan yang dijumpai dalam praktik adalah mengenai penerapan pengembangan potensi dana zakat produktif dan fungsi LAZ dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat dihubungkan dengan Undang-Undang Pengelolaan Zakat. Penelitian yang dilakukan merupakan penelitian deskriptif analitis dengan pendekatan yuridis normatif. Pengumpulan data dan informasi diperoleh melalui penelitian kepustakaan dan wawancara, selanjutnya dianalisis secara yuridis kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan potensi dana zakat produktif melalui fungsi dan peranan LAZ untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat menurut Undang-undang Pengelolaan Zakat, adalah melalui program Pembiayaan Modal Usaha bagi fakir miskin dengan menerapkan asas-asas syariat Islam sesuai dengan pendayagunaan dana zakat. Fungsi dan peranan LAZ memberikan kemandirian ekonomi kepada fakir miskin dan berperan sebagai sarana keagamaan yang meningkatkan manfaat dana zakat. Saran dalam pengembangan potensi dana zakat produktif melalui LAZ adalah dengan melakukan bimbingan dan penyuluhan kepada mitra pembiayaan modal usaha individu dengan lebih intensif, yaitu melalui pengawasan, penyuluhan, pencatatan, dan pendokumentasian transaksi ekonomi syariah untuk menciptakan laporan keuangan usaha yang otentik. Upaya tersebut diharapkan agar proses pengembangan dana zakat produktif terkawal secara syariah sekaligus menumbuhkan kepercayaan kepada masyarakat pelaksana. Abstract The paying of zakat denotes a vertical relationship between God and human as His

  9. The importance of uptake from food for the bioaccumulation of PCB and PBDE in the marine planktonic copepod Acartia clausi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magnusson, Kerstin, E-mail: kerstin.magnusson@marecol.gu.se [Department of Marine Ecology-Kristineberg, University of Gothenburg, Kristineberg 566, SE 45034 Fiskebaeckskil (Sweden); Tiselius, Peter [Department of Marine Ecology-Kristineberg, University of Gothenburg, Kristineberg 566, SE 45034 Fiskebaeckskil (Sweden)

    2010-07-15

    The accumulation of {sup 14}C-labelled PCB 31, PCB 101, PCB 153 and PBDE 99 was investigated at the two lowest trophic levels of the pelagic food web. Accumulation was measured in the small phytoplankter Thalassiosira weissflogii (Coscinodiscophyceae: Thalassiosirales) and in the neritic zooplankter Acartia clausi (Copepoda: Calanoida) exposed to the substance either only via water or through ingestion of contaminated T. weissflogii. Bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) for all four compounds were significantly higher in A. clausi feeding on contaminated phytoplankton than in animals exposed only via water. The log BAF for the PCBs increased linearly with the octanol-water partitioning coefficients (log K{sub OW}) in both the algae and the copepods, but with steeper slopes for feeding than non-feeding animals. Reported values for K{sub OW} for PBDEs vary by almost an order of magnitude and it was therefore not meaningful to calculate a log BAF - log K{sub OW} ratio for PBDE 99. It is clear that the nutritional status of the zooplankton affects the uptake of the compounds and that the bioaccumulation cannot be modelled as a passive partitioning between the organisms and the surrounding water. Small copepods are typical of coastal waters and point sources (both temporal and spatial) may be the rule for HOC releases into the sea. Thus, the pathways shown in this study are important and realistic.

  10. Effects of high CO2 seawater on the copepod (Acartia tsuensis) through all life stages and subsequent generations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kurihara, Haruko; Ishimatsu, Atsushi

    2008-01-01

    We studied the effects of exposure to seawater equilibrated with CO 2 -enriched air (CO 2 2380 ppm) from eggs to maturity and over two subsequent generations on the copepod Acartia tsuensis. Compared to the control (CO 2 380 ppm), high CO 2 exposure through all life stages of the 1st generation copepods did not significantly affect survival, body size or developmental speed. Egg production and hatching rates were also not significantly different between the initial generation of females exposed to high CO 2 and the 1st and 2nd generation females developed from eggs to maturity in high CO 2 . Thus, the copepods appear more tolerant to increased CO 2 than other marine organisms previously investigated for CO 2 tolerance (i.e., sea urchins and bivalves). However, the crucial importance of copepods in marine ecosystems requires thorough evaluation of the overall impacts of marine environmental changes predicted to occur with increased CO 2 concentrations, i.e., increased temperature, enhanced UV irradiation, and changes in the community structure and nutritional value of phytoplankton

  11. The importance of uptake from food for the bioaccumulation of PCB and PBDE in the marine planktonic copepod Acartia clausi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnusson, Kerstin; Tiselius, Peter

    2010-01-01

    The accumulation of 14 C-labelled PCB 31, PCB 101, PCB 153 and PBDE 99 was investigated at the two lowest trophic levels of the pelagic food web. Accumulation was measured in the small phytoplankter Thalassiosira weissflogii (Coscinodiscophyceae: Thalassiosirales) and in the neritic zooplankter Acartia clausi (Copepoda: Calanoida) exposed to the substance either only via water or through ingestion of contaminated T. weissflogii. Bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) for all four compounds were significantly higher in A. clausi feeding on contaminated phytoplankton than in animals exposed only via water. The log BAF for the PCBs increased linearly with the octanol-water partitioning coefficients (log K OW ) in both the algae and the copepods, but with steeper slopes for feeding than non-feeding animals. Reported values for K OW for PBDEs vary by almost an order of magnitude and it was therefore not meaningful to calculate a log BAF - log K OW ratio for PBDE 99. It is clear that the nutritional status of the zooplankton affects the uptake of the compounds and that the bioaccumulation cannot be modelled as a passive partitioning between the organisms and the surrounding water. Small copepods are typical of coastal waters and point sources (both temporal and spatial) may be the rule for HOC releases into the sea. Thus, the pathways shown in this study are important and realistic.

  12. Effects of high CO{sub 2} seawater on the copepod (Acartia tsuensis) through all life stages and subsequent generations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurihara, Haruko [Institute for East China Sea Research, Nagasaki University, 1551-7 Tairamachi, Nagasaki 851-2213 (Japan)], E-mail: harukoku@e-mail.jp; Ishimatsu, Atsushi [Institute for East China Sea Research, Nagasaki University, 1551-7 Tairamachi, Nagasaki 851-2213 (Japan)

    2008-06-15

    We studied the effects of exposure to seawater equilibrated with CO{sub 2}-enriched air (CO{sub 2} 2380 ppm) from eggs to maturity and over two subsequent generations on the copepod Acartia tsuensis. Compared to the control (CO{sub 2} 380 ppm), high CO{sub 2} exposure through all life stages of the 1st generation copepods did not significantly affect survival, body size or developmental speed. Egg production and hatching rates were also not significantly different between the initial generation of females exposed to high CO{sub 2} and the 1st and 2nd generation females developed from eggs to maturity in high CO{sub 2}. Thus, the copepods appear more tolerant to increased CO{sub 2} than other marine organisms previously investigated for CO{sub 2} tolerance (i.e., sea urchins and bivalves). However, the crucial importance of copepods in marine ecosystems requires thorough evaluation of the overall impacts of marine environmental changes predicted to occur with increased CO{sub 2} concentrations, i.e., increased temperature, enhanced UV irradiation, and changes in the community structure and nutritional value of phytoplankton.

  13. Antisipasi Pelarian Dana Asing ke Luar Negeri Melalui Perlindungan Kontraktual Pembukaan Rahasia Bank

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarsisius Murwaji

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN akan dimulai akhir tahun 2015 ini. Pada pelaksanaan MEA, kompetisi perbankan Indonesia dengan negara-negara lain dalam merebut investor tidak dapat dihindari lagi. Di kalangan MEA, ternyata hanya Indonesia yang memasukkan pengaturan rahasia bank ke ranah hukum pidana, sedangkan negara lainnya memasukkannya ke ranah hukum perdata, yaitu hukum perjanjian (contract law. Dengan perbedaan pengaturan tersebut, para investor tentunya akan lebih tertarik untuk menyimpan dananya pada bank-bank negara-negara tetangga, bahkan nasabah kreditur bank-bank Indonesia berpotensi untuk memindahkan dana yang sudah disimpan ke bank-bank negara-negara tetangga. Akibat pengaturan Indonesia ini, besar potensi terjadi pelarian dana yang sudah ditempatkan dalam produk-produk bank di Indonesia baik dalam bentuk tabungan, deposito, atau obligasi bank ke negara ASEAN lainnya. Pemilik dana besar yang merasa tidak dilindungi akan memilih Bank Penampung Dana Proyek (Escrow Account Bank di luar Indonesia, sedangkan posisi Bank Indonesia hanya sekedar bank pelaksana/pembayar proyek. Dengan demikian, Departemen Hukum dan Perundang-undangan, Bank Indonesia, dan Otoritas Jasa Keuangan harus mengambil langkah cepat mengharmonisasikan pengaturan pembukaan rahasia bank dalam rangka MEA. Harmonisasi yang dimaksud tidak harus merubah pengaturan rahasia bank dari hukum pidana menjadi perdata, melainkan melalui perlindungan kontraktual yang diatur dalam Peraturan Bank Indonesia, yang mengatur ulang mekanisme pembukaan rahasia bank. Abstract The realization of the Asean Economic Community (AEC at the end of 2015 will mark the beginning of banking sector competition for investors among ASEAN countries. In this regard, Indonesia is the only country that classifies the matters of bank secrecy regulation under criminal law, whereas other countries classify it under civil law, commonly known as contract law. This difference makes insvestors more inclined to

  14. KEPUASAN NASABAH TERHADAP BANK DAN DANA PIHAK KETIGA UNIT USAHA SYARIAH BNI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Is Eka Herawati

    2013-03-01

    adalah kepuasan nasabah (customer satisfaction. Hasil studi ini memperlihatkan bahwa alasan memilih bank syariah bukan hanya faktor agama, sehingga bank harus meningkatkan kualitas pelayanannya. Secara umum kinerja UUS BNI dalam semua atribut bank dan Produk Dana Pihak Ketiga belum memberikan kepuasan terhadap nasabahnya terbukti masih ada perbedaan harapan dan kenyataan. Menurut responden, atribut bank yang penting adalah lokasi yang strategis, jaringan kantor cabang, kredibilitas, profesionalisme, idiology syariah dan keramahan. Sedangkan atribut Produk Dana Pihak Ketiga yang penting menurut responden adalah keamanan dana, prosedur penarikan dana yang mudah, prinsip bagi hasil dan teknologi. Sehubungan dengan hal tersebut diatas ada 4 (empat usulan strategi pemasaran bagi UUS BNI agar dapat kompetitif. Pertama, UUS BNI harus dapat menciptakan citra sebagai bank syariah yang profesional. Kedua, UUS BNI harus mengembangkan pasar dengan menambah jumlah kantor cabang. Ketiga, UUS BNI harus memperbaiki layanan pada teknologi ATM. Keempat, UUS BNI harus menawarkan bagi hasil yang lebih menarik melalui pembiayaan yang optimal.

  15. Praktek Window Dressing pada Reksa Dana Saham di Indonesia Selama Periode 2001-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Kapugu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available During maintaining their assets, there is an indication those days surrounding every reporting date, which is the date at each year end; fund manager behaves differently from any other dates. Some researchers and analysts conclude this behavior as what-so-called window dressing, which is a practice to present the report in favor of the investors’ expectation. This study is intended to examine the existence of such behavior in Indonesia. Some of the signals that aid in proving the existence of window dressing are the turn-of-year factor, lagged returns, and fund’s objectives. The result of this study exhibits indications of turn-of-year factor and lagged return inclined to window dressing. This study fails to verify the indications of fund’s objective inclined to window dressing because of the changing objectives during the portfolio management. Abstract in Bahasa Indoensia: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ketidakwajaran yang terjadi di sekitar tanggal pelaporan dibandingkan dengan periode lainnya atau yang disebut praktek window dressing yang terjadi di Indonesia. Melalui penelitian ini investor lebih mengetahui dampak-dampak penempatan dananya, khususnya pada instrumen investasi reksa dana. Beberapa peneliti menyimpulkan ada praktek window dressing untuk membuat laporan keuangan tampak menjanjikan bagi investor. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh tanda bahwa terdapat praktek window dressing di sekitar tanggal pelaporan berdasarkan residual aktual dan pengaruh lagged return Kata kunci: window dressing, lagged return, reksa dana

  16. Population ecology of the blue crab Callinectes danae (Crustacea: Portunidae) in a Brazilian tropical estuary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araújo, Marina S L C; Barreto, Aline V; Negromonte, Aurinete O; Schwamborn, Ralf

    2012-03-01

    This paper aims at describing the population ecology of the swimming crab Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 in one of the most productive estuaries of Brazil, the Santa Cruz Channel. These crabs were monthly collected from January to December/2009 at four stations along the channel, two in the upper and two in the lower estuary. A total of 2373 specimens of C. danae were collected during the study. Males had a larger average carapace width than non-ovigerous females (60.0 ± 15.6 mm and 52.9 ± 12.4 mm, respectively), an adaptation that gives greater protection for females during the copulation. Overall sex ratio did not differ significantly from 1:1. However, evaluating sex-ratio by sampling area, males and juveniles of both sexes occurred preferentially in the upper estuary (p estuary, an area of major marine influence (p salinity in order to provide a more favorable environment for embryonic and larval development and to enhance larval dispersal. Recruitment of juveniles was continuous along the year, but intensified from March to June and, with less intensity, from October to December.

  17. Importance and nutritional value of large ciliates for the reproduction of Acartia clausi during the post spring-bloom period in the North Sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dutz, Jörg; Peters, J.

    2008-01-01

    enriched with large prey (> 20 mu m). The mineral (C, N) and lipid contents of the food suspensions were determined for size-fractionated samples to characterize the nutritional composition of prey. Large oligotrich ciliates and Strobiliidae dominated the seston biomass. Ciliates, particularly......Shipboard experiments were performed to examine the qualitative importance of large marine microzooplankton for the reproduction of Acartia clausi in the North Sea. Feeding and egg production were compared in 2 treatments in which females were fed natural seston or natural seston selectively...

  18. Estructura genética del copépodo Acartia lilljeborgii en la costa del estado de Yucatán, México

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Tello-Cetina; Lucia Gómez-Victoria; Roberto Zamora-Bustillos; Gerardo Rivera-Muñoz; Sara Solis-Pereira; Herbert Loria-Sunza

    2013-01-01

    Se determinó la estructura genética poblacional y sus implicancias dentro de la cadena trófica del copépodo Acartia lilljeborgii en la costa de Yucatán, mediante el uso de isoenzimas y su posterior determinación por electroforesis. Nueve sistemas se expresaron con un máximo de 30 loci. El polimorfismo y heterocigosis de las poblaciones estudiadas, al ser comparados con otras especies de copépodos, resultaron ser bajos y de los cuatro loci que presentaron variación, solo los loci EST2 y PGM1 s...

  19. Seasonal dynamics of Pseudocalanus minutus elongatus and Acartia spp. in the southern Baltic Sea (Gdańsk Deep – numerical simulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A population dynamics model for copepods is presented, describing the seasonal dynamics of Pseudocalanus minutus elongatus and Acartia spp. in the southern Baltic Sea (Gdańsk Deep. The copepod model was coupled with a one-dimensional physical and biological upper layer model for nutrients (total inorganic nitrogen, phosphate, phytoplankton, microzooplankton, and an early juvenile of herring as a predator. In this model, mesozooplankton (herbivorous copepods has been introduced as an animal having definite patterns of growth in successive stages, reproduction and mortality. The populations are represented by 6 cohorts in different developmental stages, thus assuming that recruitment of the next generation occurs after a fixed period of adult life. The copepod model links trophic processes and population dynamics, and simulates individual growth within cohorts and the changes in biomass between cohorts. The simulations of annual cycles of copepods contain one complete generation of Pseudocalanus and two generations of Acartia in the whole column water, and indicate the importance of growth in the older stages of 6 cohorts of each species, to arrive at a total population biomass. The peaks of copepods' biomass are larger at the turn of June and July for Pseudocalanus and smaller in July for Acartia, lagging that of phytoplankton by ca. two mouths, due to the growth of cohorts in successive stages and egg production by females. The numerical results show that the investigated species could not be the main factor limiting the spring phytoplankton bloom in the Gdańsk Deep, because the initial development was slow for Acartia and faster for Pseudocalanus, but the main development formed after the bloom, in both cases. The phytoplankton bloom is very important in the diet of the adults of the copepods, but it is not particularly important for the youngest part of new generation (early nauplii. However, the simulated microzooplankton biomass was

  20. Impact of a power plant cooling system on copepod and meroplankton survival (Bahía Blanca estuary, Argentina Impacto del sistema de enfriamiento de una central termoeléctrica sobre la supervivencia de copépodos y meroplancton (estuario de Bahía Blanca, Argentina

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    Mónica Susana Hoffmeyer

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The impact of a power plant cooling system in the Bahía Blanca estuary (Argentina on the survival of target zooplanktonic organisms (copepods and crustacean larvae and on overall mesozooplankton abundance was evaluated over time. Mortality rates were calculated for juveniles and adults of four key species in the estuary: Acartia tonsa Dana, 1849 and Eurytemora americana Williams, 1906 (native and invading copepods, and larvae of the crab Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851 and the invading cirriped Balanus glandula Darwin, 1854. Mean total mortality values were up to four times higher at the water discharge site than at intake, though for all four species, significant differences were only registered in post-capture mortality. The findings show no evidence of greater larval sensitivity. As expected, the sharpest decrease in overall mesozooplankton abundance was found in areas close to heated water discharge.El impacto del sistema de enfriamiento de una planta termoeléctrica ubicada en el estuario de Bahía Blanca, Argentina, fue evaluado en el tiempo, sobre la supervivencia de especies zooplanctónicas seleccionadas (copépodos y larvas de crustáceos y la abundancia general del meso-zooplancton. Se calcularon tasas de mortalidad de juveniles y adultos de cuatro especies clave en el estuario: Acartia tonsa Dana,1849 y Eurytemora americana Williams,1906 (copépodos nativo e invasor, y larvas del cangrejo Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851 y del cirripedio invasor Balanus glandula Darwin, 1854. Los valores medios hallados de la tasa de mortalidad total, fueron hasta cuatro veces más altos en la descarga que en el agua de entrada al sistema. Sin embargo sólo se registraron diferencias significativas entre estos dos sitios, en los valores de mortalidad post-captura obtenidos para las cuatro especies. Los resultados del estudio no demostraron una mayor sensibilidad larval. Como se esperaba, la disminución más pronunciada en la abundancia general

  1. Crecimiento del cangrejo Callinectes danae (Decapoda: Portunidae de la Isla de Margarita, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesylén Castillo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Las especies del género Callinectes sostienen pesquerías importantes en varias partes del mundo. En el occidente de Venezuela, Callinectes sapidus es capturado con palangre y sostiene una pesquería artesanal importante en el Lago de Maracaibo; mientras que en la Isla de Margarita, Callinectes danae es capturado con nasa en zonas cercanas a lagunas costeras y su pesca está limitada por la oferta y la demanda. Estos recursos son de considerable importancia económica entre los crustáceos comestibles; sin embargo, pocos estudios han sido reportados sobre la dinámica poblacional y potencialidad pesquera en ambientes costeros de Venezuela que contribuyan a la toma de decisiones en la administración pesquera. En este documento se presenta información de los parámetros de crecimiento del cangrejo Callinectes danae Smith, 1869, con el fin de obtener un conocimiento detallado del patrón de crecimiento y lograr estimaciones más precisas sobre el tamaño de la población y su disponibilidad para la explotación. Se analizó una muestra constituida por 3 623 ejemplares capturados con nasa cangrejera por la flota artesanal, entre octubre 2007 y septiembre 2008. Se estableció la relación longitud-peso y se estimaron los parámetros de crecimiento de las curvas en longitud y peso del modelo de von Bertalanffy. La proporción sexual global mostró que no existe diferencia significativa entre machos y hembras (χ2=0.04, p>0.05. Los valores de las pendientes b entre machos y hembras presentaron diferencias significativas (ts=2.75, pDana Swimming crab growth Callinectes danae (Decapoda: Portunidae from Margarita Island, Venezuela. Callinectes danae is a common species captured with crab traps in nearby areas of coastal lagoons in Margarita Island. Although its considerable economic importance as a fishery resource, few studies have been done on population dynamics and its fishery potential in local coastal environments to support decision making in

  2. James Dwight Dana and John Strong Newberry in the US Pacific Northwest: The roots of American fluvialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Jim E.

    2018-01-01

    Recognition of the power of rivers to carve landscapes transformed geology and geomorphology in the late nineteenth century. Wide acceptance of this concept—then known as “fluvialism”—owes to many factors and people, several associated with exploration of western North America. Especially famous are the federal geographic and geologic surveys of the US Southwest with John Wesley Powell and Grove Karl Gilbert, which produced key insights regarding river processes. Yet earlier and less-known surveys also engaged young geologists embarking on tremendously influential careers, particularly the 1838–1842 US Exploring Expedition with James Dwight Dana and the 1853–1855 railroad surveys including John Strong Newberry. Informed but little constrained by European and British perspectives on landscape formation, Dana and Newberry built compelling cases for the erosive power of rivers, largely from observations in the US Pacific Northwest. They seeded the insights of the later southwestern surveys, Dana by his writings and station at Yale and his hugely influential Manual of Geology, published in 1863, and Newberry by becoming the first geologist to explore the dramatic river-carved canyons of the Southwest and then a forceful proponent of the federal surveys spotlighting the erosional landscapes. Newberry also gave Gilbert his start as a geologist. Although Dana and Newberry are renowned early American geologists, their geomorphic contributions were overshadowed by the works of Powell, Gilbert, and William Morris Davis. Yet Dana and Newberry were the first ardent American proponents of fluvialism, providing strong roots that in just a few decades transformed western geology, roots nourished in large measure by the geologically fertile landscapes of the US Pacific Northwest.

  3. Population ecology of the blue crab Callinectes danae (Crustacea: Portunidae in a Brazilian tropical estuary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina S.L.C. Araújo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at describing the population ecology of the swimming crab Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 in one of the most productive estuaries of Brazil, the Santa Cruz Channel. These crabs were monthly collected from January to December/2009 at four stations along the channel, two in the upper and two in the lower estuary. A total of 2373 specimens of C. danae were collected during the study. Males had a larger average carapace width than non-ovigerous females (60.0 ± 15.6 mm and 52.9 ± 12.4 mm, respectively, an adaptation that gives greater protection for females during the copulation. Overall sex ratio did not differ significantly from 1:1. However, evaluating sex-ratio by sampling area, males and juveniles of both sexes occurred preferentially in the upper estuary (p O presente trabalho tem por objetivo descrever a estrutura populacional do siri Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 em um dos estuários mais produtivos do Brasil, o Canal de Santa Cruz. As coletas foram realizadas mensalmente de Janeiro a Dezembro/ 2009 em quatro estações ao longo do canal, duas no estuário superior e duas no estuário inferior. Um total de 2373 exemplares de C. danae foi coletado. Os machos apresentaram média de largura de carapaça superior à das fêmeas não-ovígeras (60,0 ± 15,6 mm e 5,9 ± 12,4 mm, respectivamente, uma adaptação que confere maior proteção às fêmeas durante a cópula. A proporção sexual total não diferiu significativamente de 1:1. Porém, avaliando a 'sex-ratio' por área de coleta, os machos e os juvenis residem preferencialmente no estuário superior (p < 0, 05, enquanto as fêmeas adultas e ovígeras habitam no estuário inferior, área de maior influência marinha (p < 0, 05. Enquanto os juvenis procuram águas estuarinas devido a abundância de abrigos e comida, as fêmeas ovígeras migram para áreas de maior profundidade e maior salinidade visando prover um ambiente mais favorável ao desenvolvimento embrionário e

  4. Metabolic response of Danaüs archippus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae to weak oscillatory magnetic fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, D. N.; Webb, S. J.

    1981-09-01

    Respiration of the insect larva, Danaüs archippus, and the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in log phase has been monitored before and after an oscillatory magnetic insult of 0.005 Gauss rms amplitude and 40 50 min duration. Frequencies used were 10 16 Hz for the insect and 100 200 Hz for the yeast. Depression of as much as 30% in metabolic rate has been found to occur immediately after the field is both imposed and eliminated with a general recovery over the 30-min period thereafter both in and out of the imposed field, although complete recovery to original levels may take much longer. Evidence is given that the response may depend on the frequency pattern used. This data is used to formulate an hypothesis whereby changes in the geomagnetic field variability pattern may act as a biochronometric zeitgeber.

  5. Pengaruh PDRB, Pengangguran, dan Inflasi Terhadap Penyaluran Dana Kredit PT. Pegadaian (Persero Provinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 1984-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Yuristyana

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Pegadaian sebagai lembaga keuangan nonbank yang usaha intinya adalah bidang jasa penyaluran dana kredit kepada masyarakat atas dasar hukum gadai yang ditujukkan untuk membiayai investasi perusahaan, kegiatan konsumsi, serta kegiatan distribusi barang dan jasa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis seberapa besar pengaruh produk domestik regional bruto, jumlah pengangguran, dan tingkat inflasi terhadap penyaluran dana kredit pada PT. Pegadaian (Persero Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder dari Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Tengah tahun 1984 sampai 2013. Variabel penelitian ini produk domestik regional bruto, jumlah pengangguran, dan tingkat inflasi Jawa Tengah. Dalam penelitian ini, digunakan metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan analisis regresi linier berganda dengan metode Ordinary Least Square (OLS. Hasil penelitian ini diketahui bahwa produk domestik regional bruto berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap penyaluran dana kredit, jumlah pengangguran tidak berpengaruh terhadap penyaluran dana kredit, dan tingkat inflasi berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap penyaluran dana kredit. Variabel produk domestik regional bruto, pengangguran, dan inflasi secara bersama-sama berpengaruh terhadap penyaluran dana kredit PT. Pegadaian (Persero Provinsi Jawa Tengah adapun pengaruhnya secara positif dan signifikan.  Pawnshops as nonbank financial institutions whose core business is credit fund distribution services to the public on the legal basis is recomended to pay the company's investment, consumption activities, as well as the activities of the distribution of goods and services. This study aims to analyze how much influence the gross domestic regional product, unemployment, and inflation rates against the disbursement of credit at Central Java Pawnshops. This study uses secondary data from the Central Statistics Agency of Central Java province from 1984 to 2013. The variables of this study

  6. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute: Identification of Therapeutic Targets in KRAS Driven Lung Cancer | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The CTD2 Center at Dana Farber Cancer Institute focuses on the use of high-throughput genetic and bioinformatic approaches to identify and credential oncogenes and co-dependencies in cancers. This Center aims to provide the cancer research community with information that will facilitate the prioritization of targets based on both genomic and functional evidence, inform the most appropriate genetic context for downstream mechanistic and validation studies, and enable the translation of this information into therapeutics and diagnostics.

  7. OPTIMALISASI PERAN PEREMPUAN BERBASIS MODAL SOSIAL PADA SEKTOR PEMERINTAHAN DESA (Study pada Pengelolaan Dana Desa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titi Darmi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available AbstraksThe third Nawa Cita of Presiden Jokowi is build Indonesia on the outskirts, it is meaningful that national development focused on villages oriented throughout Indonesia, so that Indonesian villages become self-sufficient village and competitiveness. Nawa cita is an orientatation of the national development planning 2012 -2019. The government has budgeted rural development on average earn 800 - 1M rupiahs for every village in accordance with the Act mandates. Based on the findings of the Coruption Eradication Commission of RI occur irregularities in the management of the Village Fund (Dana Desa/DD, including the use of DD does not correspond to the needs of the community. DD management principle is transparent and acomodate public participation, however it has not been made by manager DD. Women's participation and transparency for the public should be rise the public trust in the village officials in managing the funds of the village, however it never been taken. Role of women in planning the work program of the village called APBDes, can filter aspirations in accordance with the needs of society based on values, norms and culture. By optimizing the women role can capture the aspirations of society and openness in the management of the fund that all can be used as social capital village to village governance in the management of DD. Social capital will make the villagers and village officials have a strong bond, mutual trust, to avoid a conflict so as a valuable capital to build and boost the economy in the village.AbstraksThe third Nawa Cita of Presiden Jokowi is build Indonesia on the outskirts, it is meaningful that national development focused on villages oriented throughout Indonesia, so that Indonesian villages become self-sufficient village and competitiveness. Nawa cita is an orientatation of the national development planning 2012 -2019. The government has budgeted rural development on average earn 800 - 1M rupiahs for every

  8. Crecimiento del cangrejo Callinectes danae (Decapoda: Portunidae de la Isla de Margarita, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesylén Castillo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Las especies del género Callinectes sostienen pesquerías importantes en varias partes del mundo. En el occidente de Venezuela, Callinectes sapidus es capturado con palangre y sostiene una pesquería artesanal importante en el Lago de Maracaibo; mientras que en la Isla de Margarita, Callinectes danae es capturado con nasa en zonas cercanas a lagunas costeras y su pesca está limitada por la oferta y la demanda. Estos recursos son de considerable importancia económica entre los crustáceos comestibles; sin embargo, pocos estudios han sido reportados sobre la dinámica poblacional y potencialidad pesquera en ambientes costeros de Venezuela que contribuyan a la toma de decisiones en la administración pesquera. En este documento se presenta información de los parámetros de crecimiento del cangrejo Callinectes danae Smith, 1869, con el fin de obtener un conocimiento detallado del patrón de crecimiento y lograr estimaciones más precisas sobre el tamaño de la población y su disponibilidad para la explotación. Se analizó una muestra constituida por 3 623 ejemplares capturados con nasa cangrejera por la flota artesanal, entre octubre 2007 y septiembre 2008. Se estableció la relación longitud-peso y se estimaron los parámetros de crecimiento de las curvas en longitud y peso del modelo de von Bertalanffy. La proporción sexual global mostró que no existe diferencia significativa entre machos y hembras (χ2=0.04, p>0.05. Los valores de las pendientes b entre machos y hembras presentaron diferencias significativas (ts=2.75, p<0.05 igualmente los interceptos a (ts=2.44, p<0.05; por lo que se estableció la relación longitud-peso por separado: P=7.48e-5*L2.98 para machos y P=1.21e-4*L2.87 para hembras, evidenciándose un crecimiento alométrico negativo en ambos sexos. Los parámetros de crecimiento quedaron establecidos en: L∞=134.80mm, P∞=166.04g y k=0.86/año para machos; L∞=122.35mm, P∞=118.45g y k=0.63/año para hembras. La

  9. Idade e crescimento de Callinectes danae e C. ornatus (Crustacea, Decapoda na Baía de Guanabara, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Age and growth of Callinectes danae and C. ornatus (Crustacea, Decapoda in Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina A. Keunecke

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 e C. ornatus Ordway, 1863 constituem uma parcela importante da produção pesqueira na Baía de Guanabara. Ambas espécies compõem uma fração significativa da fauna-acompanhante sendo exaustivamente descartadas pelas pescarias de arrasto de camarões na costa brasileira. As curvas de crescimento de C. danae e C. ornatus foram calculadas por meio da análise de progressão modal. Para estimar os parâmetros biológicos, foi aplicado o modelo de crescimento de Bertalanffy e para estimar a longevidade foi usada a sua fórmula inversa. As curvas de crescimento foram: ♂ LC = 120 (1 - e -0,005t , ♀ LC = 113 (1 - e -0,005t; ♂ LC = 94 (1 - e -0,005t e ♀ LC = 110 (1 - e -0,005t , respectivamente para C. danae e C. ornatus. A longevidade alcançada para as duas espécies foi em torno de 2,5 anos, além de validar as curvas de crescimento. O estudo do crescimento em crustáceos é de extrema importância, pois além de fornecer a informação biológica básica para o grupo, os parâmetros estimados subsidiam o ordenamento e manejo pesqueiro das espécies exploradas.Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 and C. ornatus Ordway, 1863 constitute an important portion from the fishing products at Guanabara Bay. Both species compose a significant by-catch fraction being a lot discarded during shrimp trawlings along Brazilian coast. Growth curves were estimated by modal progression analysis. For the biological parameters it was applied the Bertalanffy growth function and for the age it was used its inverse formula. Growth curves of C. danae and C. ornatus were respectively: ♂ LC = 120 (1 - e -0,005t, ♀ LC = 113 (1 - e -0,005t; ♂ LC = 94 (1 - e -0,005t and ♀ LC = 110 (1 - e -0,005t. The age for both species reached around 2.5 years, besides to confirm growth curves. Growth study in crustaceans is very important, because besides supplying biological information it subsidizes fishery management for exploted species.

  10. PERENCANAAN DAN EKSEKUSI STRATEGI PENYALURAN DANA TABUNGAN PERUMAHAN PEGAWAI NEGERI SIPIL DI BAPERTARUM-PNS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhartoyo Suhartoyo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to evaluate the strategy execution system that has been carried out by Bapertarum-PNS, to evaluate the external and internal conditions influencing the Bapertarum-PNS in increasing the amount of Housing Saving distribution, to formulate alternative strategies to increase the amount of Housing Saving distribution, to determine strategic priorities of Bapertarum-PNS in increasing the Housing Saving fund for the civil servants, and formulate a strategic execution plan of Bapertarum-PNS in carrying out the planned strategic priorities. This study used the analysis of internal and external factors, SWOT analysis to determine alternative strategies and used QSPM to search for strategic priorities and their execution stage using the strategic execution system of Kaplan and Norton. The values of IFE and EFE at Bapertarum-PNS are located in quadrant IV that is in the position of Growing and Developing. The position shows that the most effective effort to increase housing is establishing a strategy of product development. Determination of strategic prioritization generates priorities in order to increase the support value of home financing, develop new products and services, expand information services reaching across Indonesia, implement incentive mechanism for employees, expand cooperation with banking executives, promote the formation of law on Bapertarum-PNS as well as to improve coordination with stakeholders of Bapertarum- PNS.Keywords: Bapertarum-PNS, housing, priority strategy, strategy executionAbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah mengevaluasi sistem eksekusi strategi yang sudah dilakukan oleh Bapertarum-PNS, mengevaluasi kondisi ekternal dan internal yang memengaruhi Bapertarum-PNS dalam meningkatkan jumlah penyaluran Tabungan Perumahan, merumuskan alternatif strategi dalam meningkatkan jumlah penyaluran Tabungan Perumahan, menentukan prioritas strategi Bapertarum-PNS dalam meningkatkan penyaluran dana Tabungan

  11. Shear-hosted base metal mineralisation at the Dana Peaks, Murchison Mountains, Fiordland, New Zealand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allibone, A.; Ashley, P.; Craw, D.

    2010-01-01

    Darran Suite dioritic, tonalitic and granodioritic plutonic rocks and schistose Loch Burn Formation volcaniclastic rocks in the central Murchison Mountains at the Dana Peaks have been affected by widespread biotite-sericite-chlorite-albite-quartz-pyrite ± carbonate ± epidote/clinozoisite ± titanite/rutile ± actinolite alteration. More intense, paler coloured sericite-albite-quartz-pyrite ± carbonate alteration is concentrated along orange weathered shear zones. Alteration assemblages are transitional between those commonly referred to as propylitic, potassic and phyllic. Altered rocks contain anomalous concentrations of copper, lead, zinc and silver over an area of c. 2.56 km. Metal concentrations 2-5 times those typical of Darran Suite plutonic rocks and the Loch Burn Formation are commonly associated with more extensive weak to moderate intensity alteration. Higher metal grades up to c. 0.5% copper, 1% zinc, 1.3% lead and 30 ppm silver are concentrated in or adjacent to the 1-5 m wide, more intensely altered shear zones which contain entrained lenses of pyritised country rock, breccias and quartz ± K-feldspar ± chlorite ± carbonate ± hematite ± tourmaline veins. Some mineralised rocks also contain traces of tungsten (2-7 ppm), arsenic (<5-35 ppm) and tellurium (0.2-5.4 ppm). Most samples lack detectable molybdenum (<3 ppm), gold (<0.004 ppm) or bismuth (<0.2 ppm), with atypical higher values (40, 0.03 and 50 ppm, respectively) generally restricted to the most intensely altered and/or deformed rocks. The mineralised rocks show a close spatial and temporal relationship with several narrow ductile shear zones that probably developed in the Early Cretaceous between c. 128 and 110 Ma. Mineralised shear zones form minor splays off larger shear zones that are part of a major intra-arc fault system, active along or near the boundary between inboard and outboard parts of the Median Batholith at this time. Traces of similar lead mineralisation are present at the

  12. Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penghimpunan Dana Pihak Ketiga Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia

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    Bambang Prasetya

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This study aims to determine the development of third-party funds of Islamic Banking in Indonesia. This study uses time series data Q1 2008 to Q4 2012. The analysis tool used is multiple regression. Based on the survey results revealed that conventional banking interest rate (r, the equivalent rate (ER, Economic Growth (PE and Growth Outlet (PO are jointly very significant effect on Islamic Banking Deposits While partially known that  conventional banking interest rate (r significantly affects deposits, equivalent rate (ER was not statistically significant effect, Economic Growth (PE no statistically significant effect and Growth Outlet (PO statistically significant effect on Deposits Islamic Banking. Keywords:interest rate, outlet, equivalent rate Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perkembangan penghimpunan Dana Pihak Ketiga (DPK Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan data time series triwulan 1 tahun 2008 sampai dengan triwulan 4 tahun 2012. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi berganda. Berdasarkan hasil analisis diketahui bahwa Suku Bunga perbankan konvensional (r, Equivalen rate (ER, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi (PE dan Pertumbuhan Outlet (POsecara bersama-sama berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap DPK Perbankan Syariah. Sementara secara parsial diketahui bahwa Suku bunga Perbankan konvensional (r berpengaruh signifikan terhadap DPK, Equivalen rate (ER tidak berpengaruh signifikan secara statistik, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi (PE tidak berpengaruh signifikan secara statistik dan Pertumbuhan Outlet (PO berpengaruh signifikan secara statistik terhadap DPK Perbankan Syariah. Kata Kunci: tingkat bunga, outlet, equivalent rate

  13. Pengembangan Dana Zakat, Infak, Shadaqah dan Wakaf Terhadap Pertumbuhan Industri Keuangan Non Bank Syariah

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    Makhrus Ahmadi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan mempelajari upaya pengembangan zakat, infak, shadaqah dan wakaf (Ziswaf kedalam program yang lebih bersifat jangka panjang, bentuk akad yang tepat dalam melakukan sindikasi program lintas lembaga Ziswaf dan keuangan syariah, serta bentuk integrasi program lembaga ziswaf dengan Industri Keuangan Non Bank yang berbasis syariah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif dengan menggunakan metode analisis isi (contens analysis, sedangkan teknik pengumpulan datanya menggunakan dokumentasi dan kecukupan referensi. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data yang diperoleh dan disajikan secara diskriptif. Selain itu, kecukupan data-data perpustakaan yang dipelajari telah dikumpulkan sebelumnya serta data yang sudah terkumpul dianalisis secara kualitatif dengan metode deduktif dan induktif.   Hasil penenelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa upaya pengembangan zakat, infak, shadaqah dan wakaf (Ziswaf kedalam program yang lebih bersifat jangka panjang dilakukan dengan memperkuat program dalam berbagai sektor. Oleh sebab itu, diperlukan pola dan bentuk program yang lebih kreatif dalam penyediaan program pemberdayaan masyarakat, sehingga dana yang terkumpul sebagai tidak terlalu banyak terserap dalam kegiatan charity, melainkan dapat dioptimalkan dengan menyediakan program yang lebih memberdayakan mustahik/dhuafa dalam jangka panjang. Bentuk akad yang tepat dalam melakukan sindikasi program lintas lembaga Ziswaf dan keuangan syariah dapat dilakukan dengan akad percampuran dalam hukum islam sebenarnya lebih dikenal dengan istilah syirkah atau musyarakah. Sementara bentuk integrasi program lembaga ziswaf dengan Industri Keuangan Non Bank yang berbasis syariah dapat dilakukan bila terjalin kerjasama dalam pelaksanaan pilot project yang memungkinkan lembaga yang terlibat aktif sesuai dengan kapasitas dan kemampuan yang telah ditentukan sebelumnya. Kata-kata kunci : zakat, wakaf, keuangan

  14. Exploring the effect of customer orientation on Dana insurance performance considering the intermediary role of customer relations and service quality management

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    Mokhtaran Mahrokh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present research was to explore the effect of customer orientation on Dana Insurance Company's performance with a focus on the intermediary role of managing customer relations and services quality. To this end, 180 Dana insurance representatives in Tehran, Iran were randomly sampled. As an applied study in terms of its goal, this research is carried out in a cross-sectional descriptive-survey design. The information was collected through literature review and a questionnaire with 55 items which was validated through expert panel. The reliability of the questionnaire was approved at 0.986 probability level as calculated using Cronbach's Alpha measure. Data analysis was performed at two descriptive and interpretative statistical levels using SPSS software program. The results from regression analysis indicated that customer orientation of Dana insurance company has a significant positive effect on marketing performance, financial performance, and organizational performance. In addition, customer orientation has a significant positive effect on Dana Insurance company's customer relationship management and service quality.

  15. PANDANGAN RUMAH TANGGA SASARAN (RTS TERHADAP PELAKSANAAN DANA BERGULIR PNPM-MP DI KELURAHAN BALAI GADANG, KOTA PADANG

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    Elparianti Elparianti

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This article background is information about the data differences between statistically and realities in society about PNPM-MP Programe. Statistically PNPM-MP is considered good enough in the effort to reduce poverty have been able to reduce the number of target households in the Balai Gadang, but the reality in the field are still many poor people. In general view of the target households are not re-categorized as the objectives of the program provides pastures that show received a position as a party that can not accept a revolving fund, As for the efforts made by the PNPM-MP after the target households are not back to being targeted by inviting households to be targeted to training events associated with increased economic cooperation with the family and other financial institutions greater. As for the view of the target households on the implementation of the revolving fund PNPM-MP in the fight against poverty can be concluded that in general the target households provide a positive outlook for feel that the borrowing of funds on a rolling basis from PNPM-MP, especially for households sesaran the installment lending smoothly and has had previous attempts Artikel ini dilatarbelakangi oleh adanya perbedaan informasi antara data secara statistik dengan realitas yang ada dalam masyarakat. secara statistik pelaksanaan PNPM-MP dinilai cukup baik dalam upaya menanggulangi kemiskinan telah mampu menurunkan jumlah rumah tangga sasaran  (RTS di Kelurahan Balai Gadang, namun realitasnya dilapangan masih banyak masyarakat misikin. Secara umum pandangan rumah tangga sasaran (RTS tidak kembali terkategori sebagai sasaran pelaksanaan program yaitu RTS memberikan padangan yang menunjukkan menerima posisi sebagai pihak yang sudah tidak bisa menerima dana bergulir, adapun upaya yang dilakukan oleh pihak pelaksanaan PNPM-MP setelah RTS tidak kembali menjadi sasaran dengan mengundang RTS ke acara pelatihan yang berhubungan dengan peningkatan ekonomi keluarga

  16. Determining the Advantages, Costs, and Trade-Offs of a Novel Sodium Channel Mutation in the Copepod Acartia hudsonica to Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PST.

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    Michael Finiguerra

    Full Text Available The marine copepod Acartia hudsonica was shown to be adapted to dinoflagellate prey, Alexandrium fundyense, which produce paralytic shellfish toxins (PST. Adaptation to PSTs in other organisms is caused by a mutation in the sodium channel. Recently, a mutation in the sodium channel in A. hudsonica was found. In this study, we rigorously tested for advantages, costs, and trade-offs associated with the mutant isoform of A. hudsonica under toxic and non-toxic conditions. We combined fitness with wild-type: mutant isoform ratio measurements on the same individual copepod to test our hypotheses. All A. hudsonica copepods express both the wild-type and mutant sodium channel isoforms, but in different proportions; some individuals express predominantly mutant (PMI or wild-type isoforms (PWI, while most individuals express relatively equal amounts of each (EI. There was no consistent pattern of improved performance as a function of toxin dose for egg production rate (EPR, ingestion rate (I, and gross growth efficiency (GGE for individuals in the PMI group relative to individuals in the PWI expression group. Neither was there any evidence to indicate a fitness benefit to the mutant isoform at intermediate toxin doses. No clear advantage under toxic conditions was associated with the mutation. Using a mixed-diet approach, there was also no observed relationship between individual wild-type: mutant isoform ratios and among expression groups, on both toxic and non-toxic diets, for eggs produced over three days. Lastly, expression of the mutant isoform did not mitigate the negative effects of the toxin. That is, the reductions in EPR from a toxic to non-toxic diet for copepods were independent of expression groups. Overall, the results did not support our hypotheses; the mutant sodium channel isoform does not appear to be related to adaptation to PST in A. hudsonica. Other potential mechanisms responsible for the adaptation are discussed.

  17. Oceanographic profile; phosphate, silicate and other measurements collected using bottle and high resolution CTD from the DANA, JAN MAYEN (LAHV) and other platforms in the Coastal N Atlantic, Arctic and other locations from 1995 to 1997 (NODC Accession 0000566)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile, zooplankton, and nutrients data were collected using net and bottle casts from DANA and JAN MAYEN in the North Atlantic Ocean. Data were...

  18. Commentary on "Effects of Early Musical Experience on Auditory Sequence Memory" by Adam Tierney, Tonya Bergeson-Dana, and David Pisoni

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Glenn Schellenberg

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Tierney, Bergeson-Dana, and Pisoni (2008 conclude that their results “provide additional converging evidence that early musical experience and activity-dependent learning may selectively affect verbal rehearsal processes and the allocation of attention in sequence memory tasks”. Closer inspection of their methods and results, the methods and results of previous studies that reported similar findings and the literature as a whole makes it clear that these conclusions are unfounded.

  19. Responses of free radical metabolism to air exposure or salinity stress, in crabs (Callinectes danae and C. ornatus) with different estuarine distributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire, Carolina A; Togni, Valéria G; Hermes-Lima, Marcelo

    2011-10-01

    The swimming crabs Callinectes danae and C. ornatus are found in bays and estuaries, but C. danae is more abundant in lower salinities, while C. ornatus remains restricted to areas of higher salinity. Experimental crabs of both species were submitted to: air exposure (Ae, 3h), reimmersion in 33‰ (control) sea water (SW) (Ri, 1h) following air exposure; hyposaline (Ho, 10‰ for 2h) or hypersaline (He, 40‰ for 2h) SW, then return to control 33‰ SW (RHo and RHe, for 1h). Hemolymph was sampled for osmolality and chloride determinations. Activity of antioxidant enzymes [glutathione peroxidase (GPX), catalase, glutathione-S-transferase] and levels of carbonyl proteins and lipid peroxidation (TBARS) were evaluated in hepatopancreas, muscle, anterior and posterior gills. In Ho groups, hemolymph concentrations were lower in both species, compared to He groups. C. danae displayed higher control activities of GPX (hepatopancreas and muscle) and catalase (all four tissues) than C. ornatus. C. ornatus presented increased activities of catalase and GPX in Ae, Ri, and He groups. Increased TBARS was seen in C. ornatus tissues (He group). The more euryhaline species displayed higher constitutive activities of antioxidant enzymes, and the less euryhaline species exhibited activation of these enzymes when exposed to air or hyper-salinity. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Taxonomic revision of New Guinea diving beetles of the Exocelina danae group, with the description of ten new species (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae, Copelatinae

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    Helena Shaverdo

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Ten new species of Exocelina Broun, 1886 from New Guinea are described: E. andakombensis sp. n., E. garaina sp. n., E. injiensis sp. n., E. kabwumensis sp. n., E. marawaga sp. n., E. posmani sp. n., E. tekadu sp. n., E. varirata sp. n., E. wareaga sp. n., and E. woitapensis sp. n. All of them together with five already described species are united into the newly defined E. danae-group (with E. miriae-subgroup, a polyphyletic complex of related species with lateral setation on the median lobe. In the light of newly available material, all previously described species of the E. rivulus-group are considered to belong to a single species, E. damantiensis (Balke, 1998, which is now placed into the E. danae-group, and three new synonyms are therefore proposed: E. madangensis (Balke, 2001 syn. n., E. patepensis (Balke, 1998 syn. n., and E. rivulus (Balke, 1998 syn. n. Exocelina tarmluensis (Balke, 1998 syn. n. is a junior synonym of E. danae (Balke, 1998. Redescription of E. atratus (Balfour-Browne, 1939 is provided based on its type material. An identification key to all known species of the group is provided, and important diagnostic characters are illustrated. Data on the species distribution are given, showing that whilst most species are local endemics, E. damantiensis is extremely widely distributed.

  1. Prevalensi Depresi pada Pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang Mengambil Dana Pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finna Dwi Putri

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPensiun seringkali dianggap sebagai kenyataan yang tidak menyenangkan sehingga menjelang masanya tiba, sebagian orang sudah merasa cemas karena tidak tahu kehidupan seperti apa yang akan dihadapi kelak. Individu yang memiliki kondisi mental yang tidak stabil sering menjadi akar penyebab terjadinya gangguan mental semasa pensiun yaitu depresi. Depresi merupakan salah satu gangguan mood yang ditandai oleh hilangnya perasaan kendali seseorang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui prevalensi depresi pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang mengambil dana pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dan subjek dipilih secara consecutive sampling dengan jumlah 277 orang. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner Beck Depression Inventory dan hasil yang didapatkan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi depresi pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang mengambil dana pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang sebesar 27,8%. Usia terbanyak berada pada kategori usia ≥60 tahun, gejala depresi terbanyak terjadi pada pensiunan laki-laki, prevalensi depresi terbanyak pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil golongan IIIa. Prevalensi terbanyak adalah pensiunan yang menjalani lama pensiun ≤10 tahun.Kata kunci: depresi, pensiun, pegawai negeri sipil AbstractRetirement is often regarded as unpleasant fact that before it’s time comes, most people are worried because they do not know what kind of life to be faced later. Individuals who have an unstable mental condition is often the root causes of mental disorders during retirement i.e depression. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by loss of control of one’s feelings. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression in retired civil servants who take the retirement funds in BTPN Bank branch M. Yamin Padang. This was a descriptive study and subjects were chosen by

  2. Interpopulational differences in the female reproductive cycle of the southwestern Atlantic estuarine crab Chasmagnathus granulatus Dana, 1851 (Brachyura: Grapsoidea: Varunidae

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    Romina B. Ituarte

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The female reproductive biology of Chasmagnathus granulatus Dana, a semiterrestrial burrowing crab endemic to the southwestern Atlantic, was compared in two contrasting coastal habitats: San Antonio (SA, marine and Mar Chiquita (MC, estuarial. Mature females were collected monthly for 1.5 years and the ovarian cycle was described using a qualitative scale. Gonadosomatic (GSI and hepatosomatic (HSI indexes were calculated. The highest GSI and HSI occurred early in the reproductive season in SA and during the non-reproductive season in MC. The beginning and duration of the reproductive season also differed between populations: it started later and was shorter in SA. In MC, secondary vitellogenesis continued when the reproductive season had finished, and the ovaries remained fully developed throughout the non-reproductive season (winter. Therefore, females of MC were ready to lay eggs as soon as spring environmental conditions appeared. However, SA females did not attain a fully developed ovary during winter. A limited food supply would restrict the available energy to complete secondary vitellogenesis at the end of the reproductive season in SA, after the last spawning. Thus, the vitellogenic cycle should be completed in the following spring, causing a delay in the beginning of the reproductive period. In addition, the higher temperature amplitude may cause the reproductive period in SA to end early.

  3. PENGARUH BIAYA OPERASIONAL DENGAN PENDAPATAN OPERASIONAL (BOPO DAN DANA PIHAK KETIGA TERHADAP RETURN ON ASSET (ROA PADA BANK PERKREDITAN RAKYAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin Varianto Jorjoga

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This research was intended to examine the effect of how great the performance of Bank Perkreditan Rakyat, which was measured by ROA during period 2009 to 2012. The independent variables used in this research were operating expense to operating revenue (BOPO and Third Party Funds. While, its dependent variable was the Return on Asset (ROA of Bank Perkreditan Rakyat. This research used secondary data that was obtained from the report of BPR in DKI Jakarta, which has been published through Bank Indonesia or Otoritas Jasa Keuangan in 2009 to 2013. The technique that was used to gather the sample was purposive sampling and there were 10 companies obtained with a total sample of 50 companies. The method used in this research was multiple linear regression analysis. The result of t-test showed that the first variable, BOPO, had a negative and significant effect to ROA of Bank Perkreditan Rakyat. The second variable, which was Dana Pihak Ketiga, also showed a negative and significant effect to ROA.

  4. Maturidade sexual das fêmeas de Callinectes danae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Portunidae nos estuários dos rios Botafogo e Carrapicho, Itamaracá, PE, Brasil Sexual maturity of females of Callinectes danae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Portunidae in the estuaries of the Botafogo and Carrapicho rivers, Itamaracá, PE, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline do Vale Barreto

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Callinectes danae (Smith, 1869, siri-azul, constitui um importante recurso pesqueiro nos estuários dos rios Botafogo e Carrapicho. O objetivo do presente estudo foi estimar a maturidade sexual das fêmeas de C. danae. Os espécimes foram capturados, entre outubro de 2003 a junho de 2004, com auxílio de um barco de pesca equipado com rede de arrasto do tipo "wing-trawl" e arrastados durante 5 minutos. No laboratório, os siris foram contados, numerados, sexados, pesados e mensurados. A largura da carapaça (LC foi medida na base do espinho lateral e a largura do abdome (LA mensurada na altura da articulação do quinto esternito abdominal. Um total de 596 fêmeas de C. danae foram analisadas: 417 (69,97% no rio Botafogo e 179 (30,03% no Carrapicho; as fêmeas não-ovígeras apresentaram LC de 18,38 a 101 mm (59,14 ± 13,65 mm e 26,70 a 83,48 mm (59,16 ± 13,77 mm, nos respectivos rios; a LC de fêmeas ovígeras foi de 57,04 a 83,30 mm (67,68 ± 6,56 mm. As médias de larguras das carapaças não apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas O conhecimento da maturidade sexual das fêmeas de Callinectes danae é de grande importância para o seu manejo e conservação. O L50 gonadal foi estimado em 63,58 mm (chi2 = 140,47; g.l. = 1; p Callinectes danae (Smith, 1869 is an important fishery resource in the Botafogo and Carrapicho river estuaries. The aim of this study was to estimate the sexual maturity of C. danae. Specimens were captured between October 2003 and June 2004 with the aid of a fishing boat equipped with a wing-trawl and trawling took place during 5 minutes each time. In the laboratory, the crabs were counted, numbered, sexed, weighed, and measured. The carapace width (CW was measured at the base of the lateral spine and the abdomen width (AW was measured at the point of the articulation of the fifth abdominal esternite. A total of 596 females of C. danae were analyzed: 417 (69.97% from Botafogo River and 179 (30.03% from

  5. Effect of alternative mediums on production and proximate composition of the microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri as food in culture of the copepod Acartia sp. Efecto de medios alternativos sobre la producción y composición proximal de la microalga Chaetoceros muelleri como alimento en cultivo del copépodo Acartia sp.

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    Luis R Martínez-Córdova

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri was cultured in three different mediums consisting on an agricultural fertilizer (Agr-F, aquacultural fertilizer (Aq-F and a conventional medium (F/2, control. These microalgae were later used as natural food to culture the copepod Acartia sp. The productive response and chemical proximate composition of microalgae and copepods were monitored. Growth rate and final cell concentration were higher in microalgae cultured in Agr-F compared to the control. In addition, the final biomass and cellular concentration were also the highest in Agr-F. Microalgae from Agr-F and Aq-F had higher carbohydrate and lower protein contents than those in the control. No differences in lipid and ash contents were observed. Regarding copepod production, higher densities and fecundity indexes were observed for those fed with microalgae previously cultured in Agr-F and Aq-F, compared to the control. The adult-nauplii ratio was also higher in copepods fed on microalgae from Agr-F compared to Aq-F and control. Copepods fed on Agr-F and Aq-F microalgae, had higher protein content compared to those fed on control microalgae; carbohydrates were higher in copepods fed on Agr-F as compared to Aq-F microalgae. No differences in lipid and ash contents were registered. Agr-F and Aq-F were adequate alternative mediums to produce C. muelleri, which produced higher quality microalgae that increased the copepod production.La microalga Chaetoceros muelleri fue cultivada en tres medios diferentes basados en un fertilizante agrícola (Agr-F, un fertilizante acuícola (Aq-F y un medio convencional (F/2, control. Éstas microalgas fueron posteriormente utilizadas como alimento natural para cultivar el copépodo Acartia sp. La respuesta productiva y la composición proximal de las microalgas y copépodos fueron monitoreadas. La tasa de crecimiento y concentración final de células fueron mayores en la microalga cultivada en Agr-F, comparada con el control

  6. Effects of elevated pH on marine copepods in mass cultivation systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Hansen, Per Juel; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel

    2017-01-01

    both Acartia spp. and C. typicus had higher mortality at pH 9.5 than at the other pH regimes while E. affinis nauplii were not affected by pH. Wild Acartia spp. and A. tonsa from a culture showed some differences in response although of minor practical importance for aquaculture; both produced no eggs......Female tolerance to pH (8.0–9.5) by six marine copepods, Oithona similis, Temora longicornis, Acartia spp., Centropages typicus, Pseudocalanus elongatus and Eurytemora affinis was investigated to identify robust species for live feed production. The species with the most oceanic...

  7. Evaluation of statistical designs in phase I expansion cohorts: the Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlberg, Suzanne E; Shapiro, Geoffrey I; Clark, Jeffrey W; Johnson, Bruce E

    2014-07-01

    Phase I trials have traditionally been designed to assess toxicity and establish phase II doses with dose-finding studies and expansion cohorts but are frequently exceeding the traditional sample size to further assess endpoints in specific patient subsets. The scientific objectives of phase I expansion cohorts and their evolving role in the current era of targeted therapies have yet to be systematically examined. Adult therapeutic phase I trials opened within Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center (DF/HCC) from 1988 to 2012 were identified for sample size details. Statistical designs and study objectives of those submitted in 2011 were reviewed for expansion cohort details. Five hundred twenty-two adult therapeutic phase I trials were identified during the 25 years. The average sample size of a phase I study has increased from 33.8 patients to 73.1 patients over that time. The proportion of trials with planned enrollment of 50 or fewer patients dropped from 93.0% during the time period 1988 to 1992 to 46.0% between 2008 and 2012; at the same time, the proportion of trials enrolling 51 to 100 patients and more than 100 patients increased from 5.3% and 1.8%, respectively, to 40.5% and 13.5% (χ(2) test, two-sided P < .001). Sixteen of the 60 trials (26.7%) in 2011 enrolled patients to three or more sub-cohorts in the expansion phase. Sixty percent of studies provided no statistical justification of the sample size, although 91.7% of trials stated response as an objective. Our data suggest that phase I studies have dramatically changed in size and scientific scope within the last decade. Additional studies addressing the implications of this trend on research processes, ethical concerns, and resource burden are needed. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

  8. Implementasi Kebijakan Pembiayaan Pendidikan pada Era Otonomi Daerah (Studi Kasus Implementasi Dana BOS dan BKM Pada Sekolah yang Terpilih di Kabupaten Kebumen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panuntun Nur Karomah

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui implementasi kebijakan pembiayaan pendidikan pada era otonomi daerah studi di Kabupaten Kebumen dilihat dari aspek pelaksanaan, sumber-sumber dan alokasi anggaran pendidikan. Teknik pengumpulan data yaitu observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Uji keabsahan data adalah triangulasi. Hasil penelitian ini adalah pelaksanaan BOS diimplementasikan berdasarkan RAKS dan RAPBS, dan BKM berdasarkan penjaringan dari pihak sekolah. Dana BOS bersumber dari APBN (pemerintah pusat, BKM bersumber dari APBD Kabupaten (pemerintah daerah dan sumbangan sukarela bersumber dari masyarakat. Alokasi dana BOS setiap sekolah berbeda-beda, yang mempengaruhi hal itu adalah perbedaan jenjang sekolah, banyaknya jumlah siswa yang ada di sekolah, perbedaan letak sekolah. Hal ini, karena setiap sekolah mempunyai perbedaan kebutuhan operasional sekolah dan kegiatan-kegiatan yang dilakukan sekolah. Sumbangan sukarela untuk memenuhi kekurangan biaya yang diperlukan sekolah. Alokasi dana BKM tepat sasaran, namun waktu alokasi pencairannya kurang efektif .  This research aims to determine the education funding policy implementation at the regional autonomy in Kebumen, seen from the aspect implementation, resources and the education budget allocation for education. Data collection techniques are observation, interviews, and documentation. Test the validity of the data is triangulation. The results of this study are the implementation of BOS based RAKS and RAPBS, and BKM based networking from the school. BOS funds from the state budget (central government, BKM sourced from district budget (local government and voluntary contributions provided by the community. BOS funding is in each school different, the casue of difference in levels of schooling, the amount of students in the school, the school location. This is because each school has different operational needs and the activities. Voluntary donations for meet defiency from BOS. Allocation of

  9. Population structure of the seaweed dweller Hyale media (Dana) (Amphipoda, Gammaridea, Hyalidae) from Caiobá, Matinhos, Paraná, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Dubiaski-Silva, Janete; Masunari, Setuko

    1998-01-01

    A study of correlation between the total body length and the somites length was carried out in a population of Hyale media (Dana, 1857), in order to know which somite or group of somites has the highest correlation index with the total body length. As the sum of the length of the first to fourth pereonites showed the highest linear correlation index (Y=0.0764+0.2736X; r=0.9723), this meristic parameter was chosen to describe the population structure of the species. The following aspects were ...

  10. Utjecaj morala na odgoj: dodirne točke izmneđu odabranih teorija odgoja od antike do suvremenih dana

    OpenAIRE

    Sanković Ivančić, Martina

    2017-01-01

    Kada koristimo riječ podučavati vezano za neko područje, pretpostavljamo za cilj usvajanje onoga što podučavamo. U području odgoja nailazimo na problem: kako podučavati ono što smatramo moralno poželjnim ponašanjem i kako definirati dobro ponašanje? Definiranje pojma dobra je vrlo kompleksan zadatak u društvu u kojemu postoji pluralizam u pogledu vrijednosti. Kroz analizu filozofskih stajališta najvažnijih autora filozofije odgoja od antike do suvremenih dana pokušali smo pronaći zadovolj...

  11. Feeding and growth of larval herring,Clupea harengus, in relation to density of copepod nauplii

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiørboe, Thomas; Munk, Peter

    1986-01-01

    Feeding and growth rates of 1–3 wk old herring larvae from four different stocks were compared in laboratory experiments (8°C). For most of the larval groups, feeding rate was saturated at nauplii (Acartia tonsa, nauplii stages 3–5) densities over 301−1 (5 μg d.w. 1−1). Specific growth rate incre...

  12. Poželjna obilježja sindikalnih vođa današnjice – percepcije različitih dionika o ulozi sindikalnih vođa u oživljavanju sindikata u Hrvatskoj

    OpenAIRE

    Pološki Vokić, Nina

    2013-01-01

    Značajno opadanje utjecaja sindikata u suvremenome društvu rasprostranjena je pojava u cijelome svijetu. Kao jedna od strategija oživljavanja sindikata navodi se razvoj sindikalnih čelnika odnosno kvalitetni sindikalni vođe. Naime, smatra se da u današnje turbulentno doba za sindikate, sindikalni čelnici trebaju biti sposobni napraviti zaokret – unijeti promjene u razmišljanje i djelovanje sindikata. U teorijskome dijelu rada opisuju se poželjna obilježja sindikalnih vođa današnjice – kako de...

  13. Shrimps of the crangonid genus Paracrangon Dana (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea from the northwestern Pacific: taxonomic review and description of a new species from Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomoyuki Komai

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The northwestern Pacific species of the crangonid genus Paracrangon Dana, 1852 are reviewed. Five species, including one new species, are recognised from the region: P. echinata Dana, 1852 (type species of the genus, P. abei Kubo, 1937, P. furcata Kubo, 1937, P. okutanii Ohé and Takeda, 1986, and P. ostlingos sp. nov. The geographical range of P. okutanii is extended to the northern South China Sea off southwestern Taiwan, representing the first discovery of species of the genus from tropical waters in the western Pacific. These species are diagnosed and illustrated. They are classified into two informal species groups, the P. echinata species group (including P. echinata, P. abei and P. okutanii, and two species from other regions, P. areolata Faxon, 1893 and P. australis Hanamura, Wadley and Taylor, 1999 and the P. furcata species group (P. furcata and P. ostlingos sp. nov.. New findings on the morphology of the genus are presented. The monophyly of Paracrangon is highly corroborated by a number of autapomorphic characters, but its relationship to other crangonid genera remains obscure. A revised key to aid in the identification of the species of Paracrangon is presented.

  14. Redescription of Oulactis concinnata (Drayton in Dana, 1846) (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniidae), an actiniid sea anemone from Chile and Perú with special fighting tentacles; with a preliminary revision of the genera with a “frond-like” marginal ruff

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Häussermann, V.

    2003-01-01

    Two species of sea anemones with a conspicuous marginal ruff of frond-like structures encompassing the tentacular crown occur on the Chilean coast. Oulactis concinnata (= Isoulactis chilensis) (Drayton in Dana, 1846) is re-described in detail and further information is provided for Oulactis

  15. Analisis Pengaruh Kurs Rupiah, Laju Inflasi, Jumlah Uang Beredar dan Pertumbuhan Ekspor terhadap Total Pembiayaan Perbankan Syariah dengan Dana Pihak Ketiga sebagai Variabel Moderating

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syukuri Ahmad Rifai

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the rupiah exchange rate, inflation, money supply and the growth of exports to total Islamic banking financing by using third party funds as a moderating variable. The population in this study is all Islamic banking in Indonesia both Islamic Banks or Business Unit of Sharia in 2007-2015. The sample is the entire population with time series data as much as 108 of data. The method used is multiple regression analysis. The results of this study showed that simultaneous variable rupiah exchange rate, inflation, the money supply and export growth significantly influence the total financing of Islamic banking in Indonesia. Meanwhile, third-party funds moderating influences the rupiah exchange rate, inflation and export growth to the total financing of Islamic banking in Indonesia Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh kurs rupiah, inflasi, jumlah uang beredar dan pertumbuhan ekspor terhadap total pembiayaan perbankan syariah dengan menggunakan dana pihak ketiga sebagai variabel moderasi. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh perbankan syariah di Indonesia baik Bank Umum Syariah atau pun Unit Usaha Syariah tahun 2007-2015. Sampelnya adalah seluruh populasi dengan data time series sejumlah 108. Metode yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa secara simultan variabel kurs rupiah, inflasi, jumlah uang yang beredar dan pertumbuhan ekspor berpengaruh signifikan terhadap total pembiayaan perbankan syariah di Indonesia. Sedangkan, dana pihak ketiga memoderasi pengaruh kurs rupiah, inflasi dan pertumbuhan ekspor terhadap total pembiayaan perbankan syariah di Indonesia

  16. Ecotoxicological evaluation of the risk posed by bisphenol A, triclosan, and 4-nonylphenol in coastal waters using early life stages of marine organisms (Isochrysis galbana, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Paracentrotus lividus, and Acartia clausi).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tato, Tania; Salgueiro-González, Noelia; León, Víctor M; González, Sergio; Beiras, Ricardo

    2018-01-01

    This study assessed the environmental risk on coastal ecosystems posed by three phenolic compounds of special environmental and human health concern used in plastics and household products: bisphenol A (BPA), triclosan (TCS) and 4-nonylphenol (4-NP). These three chemicals are among the organic contaminants most frequently detected in wastewater. The most toxic compound tested was 4-NP, with 10% effective concentration at 11.1 μg L -1 for Isochrysis galbana, 110.5 μg L -1 for Mytilus galloprovincialis, 53.8 μg L -1 for Paracentrotus lividus, and 29.0 μg L -1 for Acartia clausi, followed by TCS (14.6 μg L -1 for I. galbana, 149.8 μg L -1 for M. galloprovincialis, 129.9 μg L -1 for P. lividus, and 64.8 μg L -1 for A. clausi). For all species tested, BPA was the less toxic chemical, with toxicity thresholds ranging between 400 and 1200 μg L -1 except for A. clausi nauplii (186 μg L -1 ). The relatively narrow range of variation in toxicity considering the broad physiological differences among the biological models used point at non-selective mechanisms of toxicity for these aromatic organics. Microalgae, the main primary producers in pelagic ecosystems, showed particularly high susceptibility to the chemicals tested. When the toxicity thresholds experimentally obtained were compared to the maximum environmental concentrations reported in coastal waters, the risk quotients obtained correspond to very low or low risk for BPA and TCS, and from low to high for 4-NP. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Influence of swimming behavior of copepod nauplii on feeding of larval turbot (Scophthalmus maximus)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruno, Eleonora; Højgaard, Jacob Kring; Hansen, Benni Winding

    2018-01-01

    Feeding in larval fish is influenced by a range of factors and among these are the morphological and behavioral characteristics of their prey. We investigated the influence of the swimming behavior of two species of calanoid copepods, Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis, on larval turbot feeding....... The nauplii of these species represent two contrasting swimming behaviors: A. tonsa is a jump-sink type swimmer, while T. longicornis is a cruise swimming type. Three replicates of ten larvae aged 7 and 9 days post hatch (DPH) were observed feeding on one of the two copepod species using a 2-dimensional video...

  18. Distribution and mortality of diapause eggs from calanoid copepods in relation to sedimentation regimes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sichlau, Mie Hylstofte; Hansen, Jørgen L.S.; Andersen, Thorbjørn J.

    2011-01-01

    Distribution, abundance and age of diapause eggs from three species of calanoid copepods (in particular from Acartia spp. most likely Acartia tonsa, and Centropages hamatus and less numerous from Temora longicornis) were recorded in sediment profiles by enumerating hatched nauplii from incubated...... between the stations. Dating of the sediment cores suggested a ~70-year maximum age of viable eggs on the northernmost stations, and ~28 year at the southernmost stations. The eggs exhibited a significantly higher mortality rate at the southernmost stations compared with the northernmost, 0.35–0.53 year−1...

  19. Pengaruh Relationship Marketing terhadap Loyalitas Nasabah pada PT. Bank Pembiayaan Rakyat Syariah (BPRS Berkah Dana Fadhlillah Di Kabupaten Kampar Provinsi Riau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    yusriadi yusriadi

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh relationship marketing yang variabelnya meliputi financial benefit, social benefit dan structural benefit terhadap loyalitas nasabah pada PT. BPRS Berkah Dana Fadhlillah Kabupaten Kampar baik secara parsial maupun secara simultan. Penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan menjelaskan berapa persen ketiga variabel tersebut menjelaskan pengaruhnya terhadap loyalitas nasabah. Dengan menggunakan alat analisa regresi berganda, di peroleh hasil variabel financial benefit berpengaruh secara positif terhadap loyalitas nasabah dengan nilai t hitung sebesar 8,763 > t Tabel 1,9796 dan nilai signifikansi sebesar 0,000 < 0,05. Variabel social benefit hasilnya berpengaruh secara negatif terhadap loyalitas nasabah dengan nilai t hitung sebesar 2,234 > t Tabel 1,9796, nilai t hitung negatif, dan nilai signifikansi sebesar 0,027 < 0,05. Variabel structural benefit hasilnya berpengaruh secara negatif terhadap loyalitas nasabah dengan nilai t hitung sebesar 2,332 > t Tabel 1,9796, nilai t hitung negatif, dan nilai signifikansi sebesar 0,021 < 0,05. Untuk nilai F sebesar 29,105 > F Tabel sebesar 2,68 dengan nilai signifikansi sebesar 0,000 < 0,05. Sedangkan nilai determinasi nya yang di sesuaikan (Adjusted R Square sebesar 0,403 atau sebesar 40,3 %. Dari analisis data, secara parsial hasilnya financial benefit berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap loyaltas nasabah. Social benefit berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap loyalitas nasabah. Social benefit berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap loyalitas nasabah. Sedangkan secara simultan financial benefit, social benefit dan structural benefit berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap loyalitas nasabah.Kata Kunci : Relationship Marketing, Financial Benefit, Social Benefit, Structural Benefit dan Loyalitas Pelanggan

  20. Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Timing of Relapse and Overall Survival for Children Treated on Dana-Farber Cancer Institute ALL Consortium Protocols (2000-2010).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bona, Kira; Blonquist, Traci M; Neuberg, Donna S; Silverman, Lewis B; Wolfe, Joanne

    2016-06-01

    Population-based evidence suggests that lower socioeconomic status (SES) negatively impacts the overall survival (OS) of children with leukemia; however, the relationships between SES and treatment-related mortality, relapse, and timing of relapse remain unclear. We examined OS, event-free survival (EFS) and cumulative incidence (CI) and timing of relapse by community-level poverty for 575 children aged 1-18 years with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated on consecutive phase III multicenter Dana-Farber Cancer Institute ALL Consortium Protocols between 2000 and 2010. Children were categorized into high- and low-poverty areas for the analysis using aggregate U.S. Census data linked to zip code. Children living in high-poverty areas experienced a 5-year OS of 85% as compared with 92% for those in low-poverty areas (P = 0.02); poverty remained marginally significant (P = 0.07) after adjustment for immunophenotype, age, and white blood cell count. There were no differences detected in EFS or CI relapse by poverty area. However, 92% of the relapses observed in children from high-poverty areas occurred <36 months from complete remission, compared to 48% of those in children from low-poverty areas (P = 0.008). U.S. children with ALL living in high-poverty areas have a higher risk of early relapse when compared with those living in low-poverty areas despite uniform treatment. This may in part explain decreased OS observed in these children. This finding highlights disparities in childhood cancer outcomes by SES despite uniform treatment. Further investigations of the mechanistic pathways underlying this finding are needed. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Man-induced hydrological changes, metazooplankton communities and invasive species in the Berre Lagoon (Mediterranean Sea, France)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Delpy, Floriane; Pagano, Marc; Blanchot, Jean; Carlotti, François; Thibault-Botha, Delphine

    2012-01-01

    The Berre Lagoon has been under strong anthropogenic pressure since the early 1950s. The opening of the hydroelectric EDF power plant in 1966 led to large salinity drops. The zooplankton community was mainly composed of two common brackish species: Acartia tonsa and Brachionus plicatilis. Since 2006, European litigation has strongly constrained the input of freshwater, maintaining the salinity above 15. A study was performed between 2008 and 2010 to evaluate how these modifications have impacted the zooplankton community. Our results show that the community is more diverse and contains several coastal marine species (i.e., Centropages typicus, Paracalanus parvus and Acartia clausi). A. tonsa is still present but is less abundant, whereas B. plicatilis has completely disappeared. Strong predatory marine species, such as chaetognaths, the large conspicuous autochtonous jellyfish Aurelia aurita and the invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi, are now very common as either seasonal or permanent features of the lagoon.

  2. COLONIZAÇÃO OU DIÁSPORAS? RESENHA C.-G. SCHWENTZEL (org., M. DANA, St.LEBRETON, Fr.PRÊTEUX, Les diásporas grecques VIII-III s. Paris, Atlande, 2012, 446 páginas, 25 euros. (Dossiê: O Mundo Antigo: Literatura e Historiografia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Dabdab Trabulsi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available C.-G. SCHWENTZEL (org., M. DANA, St.LEBRETON, Fr.PRÊTEUX, Les diásporas grecques VIII-III s. Paris, Atlande, 2012, 446 páginas, 25 euros.C.-G. SCHWENTZEL (org., M. DANA, St.LEBRETON, Fr.PRÊTEUX, Les diásporas grecques VIII-III s. Paris, Atlande, 2012, 446 páginas, 25 euros. Recebido em: 02/04/2015  – Aceito em 13/05/2015

  3. Copepod swimming behavior, respiration, and expression of stress-related genes in response to high stocking densities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, Birgitte; Jakobsen, Hans Henrik; Stief, Peter

    2017-01-01

    is problematic for calanoid copepod species like Acartia tonsa. In the present study, we evaluated the response of copepods experiencing stress under high-density conditions by assessing the acute stress level of A. tonsa. Control density was at 100 ind. L−1 while the treatments were increased stepwise up to 10......,000 ind. L−1. Three biological/physiological end-points were studied: swimming behavior, respiration rate and expression level of stress-related genes. None of the elevated densities caused any significant change in swimming behavior, respiration rate or gene expression level. This study suggests...... that adults of A. tonsa do not exhibit any measurable acute stress response when exposed to high culture densities for 12 h....

  4. SPECIFIC ALLOCATION FUND FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY TO INCREASE QUALITY OF THE ENVIRONMENT IN INDONESIA (Mekanisme Dana Alokasi Khusus Efisiensi Energi dalam Mendukung Perbaikan Lingkungan di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Tri Haryanto

    2015-03-01

    sebesar 26% dengan usaha sendiri dan 41% dengan bantuan pendanaan asing. Dalam Perpres tersebut telah diatur sektor-sektor apa saja yang dianggap menjadi sumber emiten terbesar termasuk sektor energi, sekaligus adanya kewajiban pendanaan APBN/APBD dalam mengatasinya. Di sisi lain, kegiatan efisiensi energi tercatat sebagai salah satu aksi penurunan emisi GRK yang cukup signifikan dalam sektor energi baik untuk bangunan maupun mesin. Sayangnya kegiatan tersebut membutuhkan investasi yang cukup besar. Akibatnya kegiatan efisiensi energy menjadi tidak menarik. Di sinilah peran pendanaan APBN/ APBD menjadi sangat krusial. Terkait dengan pengaturan pengalokasian pendanaan APBN/APBD inilah peran Kemenkeu menjadi sangat vital, khususnya dalam mekanisme pengalokasian Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK yang menjadi kewenangannya. Dari hasil analisis, mekanisme alokasi DAK ternyata memungkinkan untuk ditujukan bagi pendanaan kegiatan efisiensi energi. Namun demikian, mekanisme yang harus dijalankan lebih difokuskan kepada inisiatif Kementerian/Lembaga (K/L yang berwenang dalam pengusulan alokasi DAK tersebut.

  5. Estrutura populacional de Hyale media (Dana (Amphipoda, Gammaridea, Hyalidae, habitante dos fitais de Caiobá, Matinhos, Paraná, Brasil Population structure of the seaweed dweller Hyale media (Dana (Amphipoda, Gammaridea, Hyalidae from Caiobá, Matinhos, Paraná, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janete Dubiaski-Silva

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A study of correlation between the total body length and the somites length was carried out in a population of Hyale media (Dana, 1857, in order to know which somite or group of somites has the highest correlation index with the total body length. As the sum of the length of the first to fourth pereonites showed the highest linear correlation index (Y=0.0764+0.2736X; r=0.9723, this meristic parameter was chosen to describe the population structure of the species. The following aspects were treated: distribution of the body size classes in the various phytals, population composition, seasonal fluctuation of population density. relative frequency of the ovigerous females and correlation between the body length and the number of eggs inside the marsupium of the ovigerous females. The amphipods were obtained from the seasonal collections of six phytals from a rocky seashore of Caiobá, Paraná State: Pterosiphonia pennata (Roth Falkenberg. Gymrogongrus griffithsiae (Turner Martius, Pterocladia capillacea (Gmelin Bornet & Thured, Sargassum cymosum Garth, Gelidium sp and Ulva fasciata Delile; they did not occurred in Padina gymnospora (Kútsing Vickers and Porphyra atropurpurea (Olivi De Toni. The air temperature oscillated from 16ºC (winter and autumn to 23ºC (summer, the surface water temperature from 17ºC (winter to 25ºC (summer and the surface water salinity, from 29.3‰ (autumn to 32.8‰ (winter. The density oi Hyale media varied from 0.20 ind.g-1 (in Ulva to 26.37 ind.g-1 (in Pterosiphonia of alga-substratum weigth, and the population was distributed mainly in branched algae. It was determined three size classes in the population, within a range from 0.01 to 2.99mm of pereonits 1-4 length. Small amphipods prefer finely branched algae like Gymnogongrusand Pterosiphonia, whereas broad-thallii or less branched algae such as Sargassum, Pterocladia, Gelidium and Ulva harbour proporcionally high number of large individuais. The life cycle of

  6. Almanya'da sığır ve dana eti piyasa düzeni ve Türkiye için sığır eti pazarlamasında model oluşturabilme olanakları üzerine bir araştırma

    OpenAIRE

    KILIÇ, Sevinç

    2006-01-01

    Almanya'da Sığır ve Dana Eti Piyasa Düzeni ve Türkiye İçin Sığır Eti PazarlamasındaModel Oluşturabilme Olanakları Üzerine Bir AraştırmaBu araştırmada Avrupa Birliği Ortak Tarım Politikası kapsamında Sığır ve Dana Eti OrtakPiyasa Düzeni'nde uygulanmış ve uygulanmakta olan politikalar, Almanya'nın kasaplıkhayvan ve et piyasa yapısı ile ilgili düzenlemeleri, Almanya'da kasaplık hayvan ve etpazarlamasının tarihsel gelişimi detaylı olarak incelenmiştir.Türkiye'de 2001-2004 yıl...

  7. DANAE: simulador de propiedades fisicoquímicas como una combinación entre la racionalización más pura y profunda y la medición experimental más tactual y empirica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Bogoya Maldonado

    1991-03-01

    Full Text Available Este articulo pretende ilustrar una combinación entre la razón y la experiencia para estimar propiedades fisicoquímicas, útiles para el cálculo de balances de materia y energia, de uso frecuente en ingenleria quimica. Igualmente, presenta el sistema DANAE, desarrollado para calcular interactivamente por microcomputador seis propiedades de compuestos puros y cinco de mezclas (hasta de quince componentes, basado en un banco de datos (de tamaño 250 KB Y dos programas principales (de tamaño 80 KB.

  8. Swimming and escape behavior of copepod nauplii: implications for predator-prey interactions among copepods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Titelman, Josefin

    2001-01-01

    This study focuses on how prey behavior may affect predation risk through encounter rates and the escape success of the prey given an encounter. Temora longicornis nauplii require stronger hydrodynamic signals to elicit escape than Acartia tonsa nauplii (critical fluid deformation rates, Delta......* of 2.8 to 4.0 and 1.2 to 2.5 s(-1), respectively) suggesting that T. longicornis may be more susceptible to predation. Quantification of naupliar motility behavior and subsequent estimation of the hydrodynamic signals which the nauplii generate suggest that an adult female Centropages typicus may......, the behavior of A. tonsa acts predominantly at the post-encounter stage where its sensitivity to hydrodynamic signals (i,e., low Delta*) effectively compensates for the high predator encounter rate generated by its motility....

  9. Foraging response and acclimation of ambush feeding and feeding-current feeding copepods to toxic dinoflagellates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xu, Jiayi; Nielsen, Lasse Tor; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2018-01-01

    reticulatum. We hypothesize (1) that ambush feeders are less affected by toxic algae than feeding-current feeders, (2) that copepods acclimate to the toxic algae, and (3) that phytoplankton cells previously exposed to copepod cues elicit stronger responses. Both copepod species consumed the toxic algae...... to examine the response and temporal acclimation (5 d) of two copepods with different foraging behaviors to toxic dinoflagellates. Feeding-current feeding Temora longicornis and ambush feeding Acartia tonsa were offered three strains of toxic Alexandrium tamarense and a nontoxic control Protoceratium...... at a reduced rate and there was no difference in their net-response, but the mechanisms differed. T. longicornis responded in strain-specific ways by reducing its feeding activity, by rejecting captured algae, or by regurgitating consumed cells. A. tonsa reduced its consumption rate, jump frequency, and jump...

  10. Copepods' Response to Burgers' Vortex: Deconstructing Interactions of Copepods with Turbulence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, D R; Young, D L; Yen, J

    2015-10-01

    This study examined the behavioral response of two marine copepods, Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis, to a Burgers' vortex intended to mimic the characteristics of a turbulent vortex that a copepod is likely to encounter in the coastal or near-surface zone. Behavioral assays of copepods were conducted for two vortices that correspond to turbulent conditions with mean dissipation rates of turbulence of 0.009 and 0.096 cm(2) s(-3) (denoted turbulence level 2 and level 3, respectively). In particular, the Burgers' vortex parameters (i.e., circulation and rate of axial strain rate) were specified to match a vortex corresponding to the median rate of dissipation due to viscosity for each target level of turbulence. Three-dimensional trajectories were quantified for analysis of swimming kinematics and response to hydrodynamic cues. Acartia tonsa did not significantly respond to the vortex corresponding to turbulence level 2. In contrast, A. tonsa significantly altered their swimming behavior in the turbulence-level-3 vortex, including increased relative speed of swimming, angle of alignment of the trajectory with the axis of the vortex, ratio of net-to-gross displacement, and acceleration during escape, along with decreased turn frequency (relative to stagnant control conditions). Further, the location of A. tonsa escapes was preferentially in the core of the stronger vortex, indicating that the hydrodynamic cue triggering the distinctive escape behavior was vorticity. In contrast, T. longicornis did not reveal a behavioral response to either the turbulence level 2 or the level 3 vortex. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology. All rights reserved. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  11. Zooplankton Hydrodynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadhwa, Navish

    flow disturbances that may attract predators. The first part of this thesis attempts to quantify the trade-offs associated with the swimming behaviour of diverse zooplankton. We measured the swimming kinematics and flow fields around the 'jumping' copepod Acartia tonsa at various stages of its life....... We studied how sensing modes and their respective ranges depend on body size. We investigated the physiological constraints on sense organs, together with the physics of signal generation, transmission, and reception. Our analysis revealed a hierarchy of sensing modes - with increasing size, a larger...

  12. Sumbangan Dana Kampanye Pemilu dan Kejahatan Korporasi

    OpenAIRE

    amrullah, arief

    2016-01-01

    The fonn of corporate crime is not only in the field of environment pollution, deceive of consummer, unfair trade practices, etc, but also in the field ofpolitics. In this field, it is usually for economic advantage through the campaign fund contributed to the party. In USA, Watergate scandal, for example, its hows the corporate involvement in the general ellections arena, so that in 1971 the USA government legislated a new regulation limiting the sum ofcorporate contribution to political par...

  13. Copepod community structure in Bahia de Banderas during the 2008-2009 La Niña and their transition to the 2009-2010 El Niño

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiménez-Pérez, L.C.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to investigate the taxonomic copepod community structure and its relations with the climate conditions in the Pacific Ocean, bimonthly samples were made between February 2009 and April 2010. Samples were collected by vertical tows between the surface and the vicinity of the bottom with a 40 cm mouth diameter and 335 µ mesh size standard zooplankton net. At the beginning of the study water temperatures were low indicating that La Niña conditions prevailed in the bay. However, at the end of June, 2 °C warmer waters associated with El Niño 2009-2010 arrival were detected. These conditions persisted at least until February 2010, and by April water temperature returned to normal. 57 copepods species were recorded, being Acartia tonsa, Acartia lilljeborgi, Oithona plumífera, Centropages furcatus and Nannocalanus minor the most representative species. These five populations accounted most of the 90 % of the collected animals. Cluster and Non-Metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS methods show two groups that seem to be associated with La Niña and El Niño conditions. The analysis of similarities (ANOSIM indicated that these assemblages were different (r=0.411; p=0.01 %. Simper analysis indicated that A. tonsa was the dominant population (85.4 % at the end of the 2008-2009 La Niña; this population was followed by A. lilljeborgi (7.9 % and Pareucalanus subtenuis (2.5 %. During the El Niño the dominance of A. tonsa disappeared (32 % while Oithona plumífera, Temora discaudata and Undinula darwinii increased. At the end of El Niño, species diversity and richness also changed. At the end of the 2008-2009 La Niña conditions, 40 species were recorded, while during El Niño the species richness increased to 52 species.

  14. Renewable heat: the French bio-gas has find its model; some green gold on the side of the road; some green gas in water; AES DANA, a tailor-made bio-gas; Bio-gas is purified; Methabraye: biogas is brought from countryside to towns; Methanization of wastes in france: 533 sites are registered in the Atlas 2017

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Talpin, Juliette; Richard, Aude; Tuille, Frederic; Courtel, Julien

    2017-01-01

    This document addresses the themes of renewable heat and bio-methane sector in France. Seven articles are proposed, which concern: the French methanization sector is growing (alongside cogeneration, alternative processes are developed in order to transform dry biomass and valorize bio-gas into injected bio-methane and bio-CNV); recovering the grass on the side of the road allows to reduce the road maintenance costs while giving the opportunity to valorize these residues in methanization units; wastewater treatment plants are increasingly transforming biogas into biomethane to be injected in the natural gas distribution system (however, volumes are relatively low); presentation of AES Dana, located in the North of France, which is developing methanization units (from 80 kW to 2.5 MW) for agriculture biomass; presentation of three enterprises (Arol Energy, Waga Energy and Chaumeca), specialized in the production and purification of biogas, and Methabraye, a project of a methanization plant completed with a remote distribution system; panorama analysis of the methanization sector in France with a prospective of a 56 TWh potential by 2030; 533 methanization sites are registered in 2017, 80 more than in 2016: 91 pc of the biogas is valorized as heat and 9 pc as heat and power

  15. Estudio anual del zooplancton: composición, abundancia, biomasa e hidrología del norte de Quintana Roo, mar Caribe de México Annual study of zooplankton: composition, abundance, biomass and hydrology from the north of Quintana Roo, Mexican Caribbean Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José N Álvarez-Cadena

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Se llevaron a cabo muestreos de zooplancton en la zona lagunar y costera del Caribe mexicano, desde Puerto Morelos hasta Cancún. Las recolectas se llevaron a cabo de enero a diciembre de 2004 en 12 localidades. Se identificaron 41 grupos del zooplancton donde los copépodos fueron los más abundantes (61% seguidos de las larvas de equinodermos (17% y decápodos (5%. El copépodo Acartia tonsa fue la especie más abundante de este grupo en el Sistema Lagunar Nichupté (SLN. En la zona marina adyacente los copépodos estuvieron representados en orden de importancia por Acartia spinata, Pseudocalanus sp. y Calanopia americana. En todas las estaciones se capturaron equinodermos del tipo equinopluteus-ofiopluteus, pero con mayor abundancia en el SLN. El quetognato Ferosagitta hispida fue la única especie que se encontró en el SLN, donde fue más abundante. Los decápodos estuvieron representados principalmente por larvas zoeas; las larvas de peces por 54 familias, de las cuales los góbidos de los géneros Ctenogobius sp., Gobionellus sp. y Gobiosoma sp. fueron los mejor representados, particularmente para el SLN. La biomasa fue mayor en el SLN.Zooplankton sampling was carried out in the northern coast of the Mexican Caribbean Sea, from Puerto Morelos to Cancun. Captures were made with a conic net 0.4m diameter, 1.40m length and 0.330 mm mesh from January to December 2004 at twelve locations. A total of 41 zooplankton groups were identified. Copepods were the most abundant taxa making up 61%, followed by echinoderms (17% and decapods (5%. Acartia tonsa at the Nichupte Lagoon System (SLN over numbered the copepod fauna and occasionally the whole zooplankton population. Along the coast Acartia spinata, Pseudocalanus sp, and Calanopia americana were the most important copepods. Echinoderms larvae such as echinopluteus-ophiopluteus were present at all sampled stations but were more abundant at the NLS. For chaetognaths, Ferosagitta hispida dominated

  16. Towards an internationally harmonized test method for reproductive and developmental effects of endocrine disrupters in marine copepods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kusk, Kresten Ole; Wollenberger, Leah

    2007-01-01

    with marine copepods (Acartia tonsa, Nitocra spinipes, Tisbe battagliai, and Amphiascus tenuiremis). The present paper gives an overview on the endocrine system of crustaceans with special emphasis on development and reproduction, which are targets for endocrine disruption, and reviews available methods......New and updated methods to detect and characterize endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are urgently needed for the purpose of environmental risk assessment since these substances are often not detected using existing chronic toxicity tests. Numerous reports on the effects of EDCs on crustacean...... development and reproduction have been published and the development of life-cycle tests with crustaceans has been prioritized within the OECD work program for endocrine disrupter testing and assessment. As a result, Sweden, and Denmark initiated a proposal for development of a full life-cycle test...

  17. Biological effects of simulated discharge plume entrainment at Indian Point Nuclear Power Station, Hudson River estuary, USA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lanza, G.R.; Lauer, G.J.; Ginn, T.C.; Storm, P.C.; Zubarik, L.; New York Univ., N.Y.

    1975-01-01

    Laboratory and field simulations of the discharge plume entrainment of phytoplankton, zooplankton and fish were carried out at the Indian Point Nuclear Station, Hudson River estuary, USA. Phytoplankton assemblages studied on two dates produced different response patterns measured as photosynthetic activity. Chlorophyll-a levels did not change following simulated entrainment. Possible explanations for the differences are discussed. The two abundant copepods Acartia tonsa and Eurytemorta affinis appear to tolerate exposure to discharge plume ΔT without adverse effects. Copepods subjected to plume entrainment may suffer considerable mortality during periods of condenser chlorination. In general, the amphipod Gammarus spp. did not appear to suffer significant mortality during simulated entrainment. Juvenile striped bass, Morone saxatilis, were not affected by simulated plume transit before and during plant condenser chlorination; however, a simulated ''worst possible case'' plume ΔT produced statistically significant moralities. (author)

  18. Glutathione transferase activity and oocyte development in copepods exposed to toxic phytoplankton

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kozlowsky-Suzuki, Betina; Koski, Marja; Hallberg, Eric

    2009-01-01

    toxins generally observed in copepods. In addition, decreasing gross growth efficiency (GGE) of copepods with increasing concentration of toxic diets could be caused either by a high expenditure coping with toxins (e.g., increase in the activity of detoxification enzymes) or by a deterioration...... of reproductive tissues. To assess the effect of toxic phytoplankton on the activity of detoxification enzymes and on oocyte maturation of Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis, feeding and egg production experiments were carried out with a variety of toxic diets and an adequate non-toxic food control (Rhodomonas...... spp.) all provided as single species diets. Toxic diets included the nodularin-producing cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena, the dinoflagellates Alexandrium minutum, and A. tamarense, which contained Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) toxins, the dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima with Diarrhetic...

  19. Motility of copepod nauplii and implications for food encounter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Titelman, Josefin; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    (Centropages typicus, Calanus helgolandicus, Temora longicornis, Acartia tonsa, Eurytemora affinis and Euterpina acutifrons). Behaviors of individual nauphi were divided into sequences of sinking, swimming and jumping events. Motility behavior is both stage- and species-specific in terms of appearance......Velocity differences drive all encounter processes. Therefore, knowledge of both prey and predator motility are essential in order to understand feeding behavior and predict food acquisition rates. Here, we describe and quantify the motility behavior of young and old naupliar stages of 6 copepods...... of tracks, speeds, durations and frequencies of events as well as time budgets. Motility mode often changes drastically during naupliar ontogeny. Crudely, nauplii can be divided into those moving with a jump-sink type of motility of various frequencies (1 min(-1) to 3 s(-1)) and those swimming...

  20. Fight and flight in dinoflagellates?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Selander, Erik; Fagerberg, Tony; Wohlrab, Sylke

    2012-01-01

    We monitored the kinetics of grazer-induced responses in the marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense. Chemical cues from each of three calanoid copepods (Calanus sp., Centropages typicus, and Acartia tonsa) induced increased toxicity and suppressed chain formation in A. tamarense. Both chemical...... and morphological responses augmented over 3 d. Toxicity subsequently averaged 299% higher than controls, and average biovolume 24% lower than controls because of suppression of chain formation in grazed treatments. Grazer-induced toxicity returned to control levels after approximately 11 d, equivalent to five cell...... that the inducing cue(s) attenuate rapidly in seawater, which allows A. tamarense to adjust resource allocation to grazer-induced responses to follow fluctuations in grazer density. Grazer-induced responses, however, develop too slowly to be accounted for in short-term grazing experiments with laboratory cultures...

  1. Assessment of power-plant effects on zooplankton in the near field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polgar, T.T.; Bongers, L.H.; Krainak, G.M.

    1976-01-01

    With the use of a simple entrainment model that takes into account tidal recirculation, mixing, and once-through kill rate, theoretical expressions are derived for ratios of densities of live organisms at the intake of a power plant to densities in the far field. Experimental data on the abundances of dead and live stages of Eurytemora affinis and Acartia tonsa are used to compare to model results. A study of the entrainment of zooplankton near the intake of the Morgantown power plant and a concurrent study of the distribution of zooplankton in the Potomac River provided the biological data. Physical information was derived from extensive hydrographic measurements. Comparing experimental data with model predictions showed that radical depletions occurred in the naupliar stages near the plant site which cannot be accounted for by cooling-system or delayed entrainment mortalities. These near-field changes are attributed to avoidance reactions and to mortalities in the vicinity of the plant

  2. Morphology of seahorse head hydrodynamically aids in capture of evasive prey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemmell, Brad J; Sheng, Jian; Buskey, Edward J

    2013-01-01

    Syngnathid fish (seahorses, pipefish and sea dragons) are slow swimmers yet capture evasive prey (copepods) using a technique known as the 'pivot' feeding, which involves rapid movement to overcome prey escape capabilities. However, this feeding mode functions only at short range and requires approaching very closely to hydrodynamically sensitive prey without triggering an escape. Here we investigate the role of head morphology on prey capture using holographic and particle image velocimetry (PIV). We show that head morphology functions to create a reduced fluid deformation zone, minimizing hydrodynamic disturbance where feeding strikes occur (above the end of the snout), and permits syngnathid fish to approach highly sensitive copepod prey (Acartia tonsa) undetected. The results explain how these animals can successfully employ short range 'pivot' feeding effectively on evasive prey. The need to approach prey with stealth may have selected for a head shape that produces lower deformation rates than other fish.

  3. Nutritional quality of two cyanobacteria : How rich is 'poor' food?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, K.; Jonasdottir, Sigrun

    1997-01-01

    Cyanobacteria have often been described to be nutritionally inadequate and to interfere with zooplankton feeding. In laboratory experiments we offered 2 cyanobacteria, a unicellular Microcystis aeruginosa strain and the filamentous Nodularia sprumigena, to the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa...... as the sole diet and in food mixtures with the nutritious diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii. Egg production was used as criterion of food quality. The use of cyanobacteria alone was an insufficient diet. However, with increasing additions of M. aeruginosa and N. spumigena to the diatom, different effects were...... observed. Large additions of cyanobacteria resulted in lower egg production and often in elevated mortality of the females, but small additions of M. aeruginosa caused an increase of about 25 % in egg production compared to a pure diatom diet. The influence of similar low concentrations of N. spumigena...

  4. Ontogenetic development of attack behaviour by turbot larvae when exposed to copepod prey

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Jacob K.; Bruno, Eleonora; Støttrup, Josianne Gatt

    2018-01-01

    offered small nauplii (129–202 μm), large nauplii (222–278 μm) and copepodites (342–542 μm), of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. At 8 DPH, turbot larvae had the highest capture success (67%) when offered small nauplii, with a lower capture success of large nauplii (27%) but totally lacked...... by the larva on the copepod was examined, and the approach pattern of the larva was identified as a controlling mechanism for their strike distance, with the initial approach speed of larva at DPH 10 being significantly less than at DPH 8. In all successful attacks, the strike distance was less than 1.17 mm...

  5. Marine microalgae attack and feed on metazoans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berge, Terje; Poulsen, Louise K.; Moldrup, Morten

    2012-01-01

    Free-living microalgae from the dinoflagellate genus Karlodinium are known to formmassive blooms in eutrophic coastal waters worldwide and are often associated with fish kills. Natural bloom populations, recently shown to consist of the two mixotrophic and toxic species Karlodinium armiger...... and Karlodinium veneficum have caused fast paralysis and mortality of finfish and copepods in the laboratory, and have been associated with reduced metazooplankton biomass in-situ. Here we show that a strain of K. armiger (K-0688) immobilises the common marine copepod Acartia tonsa in a densitydependent manner...... and collectively ingests the grazer to promote its own growth rate. In contrast, four strains of K. veneficum did not attack or affect the motility and survival of the copepods. Copepod immobilisation by the K. armiger strain was fast (within 15min) and caused by attacks of swarming cells, likely through...

  6. Biological processes in the North Sea: vertical distribution and reproduction of neritic copepods in relation to environmental factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koski, Marja; Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Bagøien, Espen

    2011-01-01

    for reproduction compared with surface waters and (iii) if the secondary production is thus higher in the frontal areas with a subsurface chlorophyll maximum. In addition, we wanted to (iv) identify the most important environmental factors determining the reproduction of neritic copepods in the North Sea. We......We studied the vertical distribution and reproduction of dominant neritic copepod species in the Dogger Bank area and surrounding North Sea to reveal (i) if these species are concentrated in the subsurface chlorophyll maximum layer, (ii) if the chlorophyll maximum offers superior food conditions...... observed a higher egg production of cultured Acartia tonsa when fed with the seston from chlorophyll maximum, but no evidence of a higher copepod abundance in this layer. Secondary production was highest at the station closest to the upwelling of new nutrients, although seasonal differences...

  7. Applied and fundamental plankton research would benefit from more joint efforts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Jepsen, Per Meyer; Drillet, Guillaume

    2017-01-01

    Increased collaboration and communication is needed between the planktologists engaged in marine ecological research and those working with industrial applications. Lessening the dichotomy between “basic” and “applied” sciences will lead to increase scientific advances in both fields. Thanks...... to dedicated research efforts, industrial production of rotifers, Artemia and, more recently, copepods as live feed for fish hatcheries is established. Yet, there are still many biological and technical challenges to be tackled for optimizing production. Some of these challenges could be eliminated faster...... examples from research carried out to support aquaculture production of the cosmopolitan calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. We argue that research questions are often answered using similar experimental approaches and quality standards; and that scientists working across different fields would gain by more...

  8. Distribución del zooplancton durante flujos de marea opuestos en el complejo lagunar de Chelem, Yucatán, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.B. Escamilla

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Zooplankton was surveyed in a tropical lagoon system of the northern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in high tide, December (1998 and low tide, March 1999 (northerlies season. Zooplankton biomass was measured, zooplankters were counted, and copepods were identified and quantified. Despite the fact that both months were influenced by winds from the North, they showed a different salinity gradient which developed a particular structure of the zooplankton community. Biomass tended to be accumulated in certain areas apparently because of the high residence time of water in Chelem, the forcing effect of the northerlies, and of the tidal current. Biomass values suggest a relatively high secondary production when compared with other systems of the Yucatan Peninsula. The distribution of the copepods Acartia lilljeborgii and A. tonsa is related to saline conditions and tidal flow. The overall faunistic and hydrologic data suggest that even during a single climatic season, the zooplankton community shows strong changes due to mesoscale hydrological processes.

  9. Escape response of planktonic protists to fluid mechanical signals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Hans Henrik

    2001-01-01

    The escape response to fluid mechanical signals was examined in 6 protists, 4 ciliates and 2 dinoflagellates. When exposed to a siphon flow. 3 species of ciliates, Balanion comatum, Strobilidium sp., and Mesodinium pulex, responded with escape jumps. The threshold deformation rates required...... times lower than that of a non-jumping similar sized protist when the predator was Temora longicornis, which captures prey entrained in a feeding current. However, when the predator was the ambush- feeding copepod Acartia tonsa, the predation mortalities of jumping and non-jumping protists were...... of similar magnitude. Escape responses may thus be advantageous in some situations. However, jumping behaviour may also enhance susceptibility to some predators, explaining the different predator avoidance strategies (jumping or not) that have evolved in planktonic protists....

  10. Effect of advection on variations in zooplankton at a single location near Cabo Nazca, Peru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, S L; Brink, K H; Santander, H; Cowles, T J; Huyer, A

    1980-04-01

    Temporal variations in the biomass and species composition of zooplankton at a single midshelf station in an upwelling area off Peru can be explained to a large extent by onshore-offshore advection in the upper 20 m of the water column. During periods of strong or sustained near-surface onshore flow, peaks in biomass of zooplankton were observed at midshelf and typically oceanic species of copepod were collected. In periods of offshore flow at the surface, a copepod capable of migrating into oxygen-depleted layers deeper than 30 m was collected. A simple translocation model of advection applied to the cross-shelf distribution of Paracalanus parvus suggests that the fluctuations in P. pavus observed in the midshelf time-series were closely related to onshore-offshore flow in the upper 20 m. Fluctuations in abundance of the numerically dominant copepod, Acartia tonsa, were apparently affected by near surface flow also. The population age-structure suggests that A. tonsa was growing at maximal rates, due in part to its positive feeding response to the dinoflagellate/diatom assemblage of phytoplankton.

  11. Interactions between zooplankton and crude oil: toxic effects and bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Almeda

    Full Text Available We conducted ship-, shore- and laboratory-based crude oil exposure experiments to investigate (1 the effects of crude oil (Louisiana light sweet oil on survival and bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs in mesozooplankton communities, (2 the lethal effects of dispersant (Corexit 9500A and dispersant-treated oil on mesozooplankton, (3 the influence of UVB radiation/sunlight exposure on the toxicity of dispersed crude oil to mesozooplankton, and (4 the role of marine protozoans on the sublethal effects of crude oil and in the bioaccumulation of PAHs in the copepod Acartia tonsa. Mortality of mesozooplankton increased with increasing oil concentration following a sigmoid model with a median lethal concentration of 32.4 µl L(-1 in 16 h. At the ratio of dispersant to oil commonly used in the treatment of oil spills (i.e. 1∶20, dispersant (0.25 µl L(-1 and dispersant-treated oil were 2.3 and 3.4 times more toxic, respectively, than crude oil alone (5 µl L(-1 to mesozooplankton. UVB radiation increased the lethal effects of dispersed crude oil in mesozooplankton communities by 35%. We observed selective bioaccumulation of five PAHs, fluoranthene, phenanthrene, pyrene, chrysene and benzo[b]fluoranthene in both mesozooplankton communities and in the copepod A. tonsa. The presence of the protozoan Oxyrrhis marina reduced sublethal effects of oil on A. tonsa and was related to lower accumulations of PAHs in tissues and fecal pellets, suggesting that protozoa may be important in mitigating the harmful effects of crude oil exposure in copepods and the transfer of PAHs to higher trophic levels. Overall, our results indicate that the negative impact of oil spills on mesozooplankton may be increased by the use of chemical dispersant and UV radiation, but attenuated by crude oil-microbial food webs interactions, and that both mesozooplankton and protozoans may play an important role in fate of PAHs in marine environments.

  12. Interactions between Zooplankton and Crude Oil: Toxic Effects and Bioaccumulation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Wambaugh, Zoe; Wang, Zucheng; Hyatt, Cammie; Liu, Zhanfei; Buskey, Edward J.

    2013-01-01

    We conducted ship-, shore- and laboratory-based crude oil exposure experiments to investigate (1) the effects of crude oil (Louisiana light sweet oil) on survival and bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in mesozooplankton communities, (2) the lethal effects of dispersant (Corexit 9500A) and dispersant-treated oil on mesozooplankton, (3) the influence of UVB radiation/sunlight exposure on the toxicity of dispersed crude oil to mesozooplankton, and (4) the role of marine protozoans on the sublethal effects of crude oil and in the bioaccumulation of PAHs in the copepod Acartia tonsa. Mortality of mesozooplankton increased with increasing oil concentration following a sigmoid model with a median lethal concentration of 32.4 µl L−1 in 16 h. At the ratio of dispersant to oil commonly used in the treatment of oil spills (i.e. 1∶20), dispersant (0.25 µl L−1) and dispersant- treated oil were 2.3 and 3.4 times more toxic, respectively, than crude oil alone (5 µl L−1) to mesozooplankton. UVB radiation increased the lethal effects of dispersed crude oil in mesozooplankton communities by 35%. We observed selective bioaccumulation of five PAHs, fluoranthene, phenanthrene, pyrene, chrysene and benzo[b]fluoranthene in both mesozooplankton communities and in the copepod A. tonsa. The presence of the protozoan Oxyrrhis marina reduced sublethal effects of oil on A. tonsa and was related to lower accumulations of PAHs in tissues and fecal pellets, suggesting that protozoa may be important in mitigating the harmful effects of crude oil exposure in copepods and the transfer of PAHs to higher trophic levels. Overall, our results indicate that the negative impact of oil spills on mesozooplankton may be increased by the use of chemical dispersant and UV radiation, but attenuated by crude oil-microbial food webs interactions, and that both mesozooplankton and protozoans may play an important role in fate of PAHs in marine environments. PMID:23840628

  13. Algal Toxins Alter Copepod Feeding Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Jiarong; Talapatra, Siddharth; Katz, Joseph; Tester, Patricia A.; Waggett, Rebecca J.; Place, Allen R.

    2012-01-01

    Using digital holographic cinematography, we quantify and compare the feeding behavior of free-swimming copepods, Acartia tonsa, on nutritional prey (Storeatula major) to that occurring during exposure to toxic and non-toxic strains of Karenia brevis and Karlodinium veneficum. These two harmful algal species produce polyketide toxins with different modes of action and potency. We distinguish between two different beating modes of the copepod’s feeding appendages–a “sampling beating” that has short durations (<100 ms) and involves little fluid entrainment and a longer duration “grazing beating” that persists up to 1200 ms and generates feeding currents. The durations of both beating modes have log-normal distributions. Without prey, A. tonsa only samples the environment at low frequency. Upon introduction of non-toxic food, it increases its sampling time moderately and the grazing period substantially. On mono algal diets for either of the toxic dinoflagellates, sampling time fraction is high but the grazing is very limited. A. tonsa demonstrates aversion to both toxic algal species. In mixtures of S. major and the neurotoxin producing K. brevis, sampling and grazing diminish rapidly, presumably due to neurological effects of consuming brevetoxins while trying to feed on S. major. In contrast, on mixtures of cytotoxin producing K. veneficum, both behavioral modes persist, indicating that intake of karlotoxins does not immediately inhibit the copepod’s grazing behavior. These findings add critical insight into how these algal toxins may influence the copepod’s feeding behavior, and suggest how some harmful algal species may alter top-down control exerted by grazers like copepods. PMID:22629336

  14. Algal toxins alter copepod feeding behavior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiarong Hong

    Full Text Available Using digital holographic cinematography, we quantify and compare the feeding behavior of free-swimming copepods, Acartia tonsa, on nutritional prey (Storeatula major to that occurring during exposure to toxic and non-toxic strains of Karenia brevis and Karlodinium veneficum. These two harmful algal species produce polyketide toxins with different modes of action and potency. We distinguish between two different beating modes of the copepod's feeding appendages-a "sampling beating" that has short durations (<100 ms and involves little fluid entrainment and a longer duration "grazing beating" that persists up to 1200 ms and generates feeding currents. The durations of both beating modes have log-normal distributions. Without prey, A. tonsa only samples the environment at low frequency. Upon introduction of non-toxic food, it increases its sampling time moderately and the grazing period substantially. On mono algal diets for either of the toxic dinoflagellates, sampling time fraction is high but the grazing is very limited. A. tonsa demonstrates aversion to both toxic algal species. In mixtures of S. major and the neurotoxin producing K. brevis, sampling and grazing diminish rapidly, presumably due to neurological effects of consuming brevetoxins while trying to feed on S. major. In contrast, on mixtures of cytotoxin producing K. veneficum, both behavioral modes persist, indicating that intake of karlotoxins does not immediately inhibit the copepod's grazing behavior. These findings add critical insight into how these algal toxins may influence the copepod's feeding behavior, and suggest how some harmful algal species may alter top-down control exerted by grazers like copepods.

  15. Forensic odontological observations in the victims of DANA air crash ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: Forensic odontology or forensic dentistry is that aspect of forensic science that uses the application of dental science for the identification of unknown human remains and bite marks. Deaths resulting from mass disasters such as plane crash or fire incidence have always been given mass burial in Nigeria.

  16. PELAKSANAAN PEMBIAYAAN DANA TALANGAN HAJI PADA PERBANKAN SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erni Susana

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The syariah banking activity was basically the expansion of banking service for people who needed it andexpected the repayment which was not based on interest rate, but based on syariah as what determined inIslamic law. To help people to get pilgrim portion soon, syahriah banking offered agreement which was usedin financing pilgrim lending fund like al-qardh agreement and al-ijarah (ujroh system. The aim of thisresearch was to analyze financing using al-qardh agreement and al-ijarah (ujroh system agreement. Al-qardhwas giving wealth to other people that could be collected back or asked for, or in other words lending withoutexpecting repayment, while the meaning of al-ijarah agreement was an agreement of moving the use or utilizationright on goods and service, through rent payment or ujroh without being followed by transferringownership. The implementation of financing pilgrim lending fund conformed to the rule of financing pilgrimarrangement which was written in Fatwa (a binding ruling in religious matters DSN No. 29/DSN-MUI/VI/2002. The amount of al-ijarah repayment was not based on the amount of lending al-qardh given to thecustomers.

  17. Transitioning the Defense Automated Neurobehavioral Assessment (DANA) to Operational Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    while continuing to breathe supplemental oxygen for , two hrs until the first subject had completed the arterial/ venous catheterization and cognitive...improving arterial oxygenation and exercise performance are central tenets of PLOS ONE | www.plosone.org 1 March 2014 | Volume 9 | Issue 3 | e92191...months (including air travel); using prescription medications; smoking; being pregnant or lactating; having a history of serious head injury (loss of

  18. PENENTUAN MODEL PREMI TIDAK KONSTAN PADA ASURANSI DANA PENSIUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LIA JENITA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pension plan is an effort to anticipate the life of old on the day. In the pension program, there are two methods of normal due’s calculation to be paid by the insured each year, the Entry Age Normal method, namely calculation of normal dues with constant premiums and projected unit credit method, namely calculation of normal dues with Premium Increases Each year or is not constant. This paper wants to develop an inconstant premium calculation method with constant premium increase annually. Where the pension plan participants’ age when he joined the pension plan is 19 years and the retirement age on this contract is 55 years, with premium increases of 5% of the normal dues early. The large ratio of premiums is, for dues normal at the age of 19 years until the age of 28 years, but for dues normal at the age of 29 years to the age of 33 years and to normal dues at the age of 34 years old until the age of one year before retirement.

  19. Robotika u neurorehabilitaciji: jučer, danas, sutra

    OpenAIRE

    SCHNURRER-LUKE-VRBANIĆ, Tea

    2016-01-01

    Robotika u neurorehabilitaciji osoba nakon moždanog udara ima svoje mjesto u rehabilitacijskom protokolu. Iako postoje različiti dizajni i vrste robota, dvije su osnovne grupe: egzoskeletni roboti, te roboti koji aktiviraju distalni, krajnji dio uda (od engl. end-effector robot). Obje vrste robota koriste se za rehabilitaciju hemiparetične ruke, te za rehabilitaciju hoda kod hemiparetične noge i oštećenja ravnoteže. Glavni cilj je robotom usmjerena vježba dostizanja zadataka...

  20. ANALISIS PENGARUH KINERJA PERBANKAN TERHADAP DANA PIHAK KETIGA BANK PERSERO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    iqbal firdausi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the effect of the performance of banks consisting of CAR, ROA, ROA, LDR simultaneously and partially on the Third Party Funds and analyze between the performance of banks consisting of CAR, ROA, ROA, LDR the dominant influence on the Third party Fund. Forms of this research is descriptive explanatory nature of causality through hypothesis testing. The number of samples in the study of 4 Bank Limited for 11 years i.e. from 2004 to 2014 year. The analysis technique used multiple regression analysis. The analysis showed that the performance of banks consisting of CAR, ROA, ROA, LDR simultaneously affect the Third Party Funds. Performance of banks consisting of CAR, ROA, ROA, LDR partially affect the Third Party Funds. ROA dominant influence on Third Party Funds.

  1. DETERMINAN PROPORSI DANA TABARRU’ PADA LEMBAGA KEUANGAN ASURANSI UMUM SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novi Puspitasari

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Financial management in Islamic general insurance companies uses splitted fund system. Splitted fund system is a separation of assets and liabilities of tabarru’ and company funds group. Separation of the funds has been made since the participants pay the contribution (premium at the beginning of the transaction. Contribution (premium is separated into tabarru’ funds (funds for mutual help and ujrah (fee for the operator/company. The purpose of this study is to test the determinant variables of tabarru’ fund proportion on Islamic general insurance company. The study was conducted on all Islamic general insurance companies, both full fledge Islamic system and business units. Purposive sampling method is used for determination of the sample. The period of the study was conducted from 2011 until 2013. This study used multiple regression analysis to answer the research problem. The results showed that claim, reinsurance activities, commission fees, and general and administrative expenses significantly affect the tabarru’ fund proportion.

  2. Efektivitas Pengaruh Besaran Biaya Promosi Dalam Penghimpunan Dana Pihak Ketiga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puji Lestari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Effectiveness The Promotion Cost in Fundrasing the Third Party FundsPromotion is one important variable in marketing mix to promote the services. The promotion activities is not just as the communication tools between company and consumers, but also as the tools to influence the purchase behavior from the consumer to but the services that offered by the company. This things has done by the promotion tools. DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v1i2.2461

  3. PERAN LEMBAGA KEUANGAN PENYEDIA DANA MIKRO DALAM MENYEDIAKAN KESEMPATAN KERJA

    OpenAIRE

    Aryan Torrido

    2016-01-01

    Micro fiance is an important tool for achieving development by the Government of Indonesia in three things directly: to create jobs, increase incomes, and reduce poverty. Access to sustainable fiancial services is a prerequisite for micro entrepreneurs to improve their business and reduce the vulnerability of poor families in the life ( to calamity and economic problems), as well as to increase their income. Micro fiance is an important tool in the country’s development strategy aimed at supp...

  4. Peran Lembaga Keuangan Penyedia Dana Mikro Dalam Menyediakan Kesempatan Kerja

    OpenAIRE

    Torrido, Aryan

    2014-01-01

    Micro fiance is an important tool for achieving development by the Government of Indonesia in three things directly: to create jobs, increase incomes, and reduce poverty. Access to sustainable fiancial services is a prerequisite for micro entrepreneurs to improve their business and reduce the vulnerability of poor families in the life ( to calamity and economic problems), as well as to increase their income. Micro fiance is an important tool in the country's development strategy aimed at supp...

  5. PERAN LEMBAGA KEUANGAN PENYEDIA DANA MIKRO DALAM MENYEDIAKAN KESEMPATAN KERJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aryan Torrido

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Micro fiance is an important tool for achieving development by the Government of Indonesia in three things directly: to create jobs, increase incomes, and reduce poverty. Access to sustainable fiancial services is a prerequisite for micro entrepreneurs to improve their business and reduce the vulnerability of poor families in the life ( to calamity and economic problems, as well as to increase their income. Micro fiance is an important tool in the country’s development strategy aimed at supporting the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. The national policy for micro fiance is needed to overcome the limitations of micro fiance through the creation of an enabling environment for micro fiance institutions that already exist today to expand their services and to support the establishment of micro fiance institutions to fil the gap in demand and supply of micro fiance services especially in rural areas .

  6. Grazers and phytoplankton growth in the oceans: an experimental and evolutionary perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratti, Simona; Knoll, Andrew H; Giordano, Mario

    2013-01-01

    The taxonomic composition of phytoplankton responsible for primary production on continental shelves has changed episodically through Earth history. Geological correlations suggest that major changes in phytoplankton composition correspond in time to changes in grazing and seawater chemistry. Testing hypotheses that arise from these correlations requires experimentation, and so we carried out a series of experiments in which selected phytoplankton species were grown in treatments that differed with respect to the presence or absence of grazers as well as seawater chemistry. Both protistan (Euplotes sp.) and microarthropod (Acartia tonsa) grazers changed the growth dynamics and biochemical composition of the green alga Tetraselmis suecica, the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii, and the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp., increasing the specific growth rate and palatability of the eukaryotic algae, while decreasing or leaving unchanged both parameters in the cyanobacteria. Synechococcus (especially) and Thalassiosira produced toxins effective against the copepod, but ciliate growth was unaffected. Acartia induced a 4-6 fold increase of Si cell quota in the diatom, but Euplotes had no similar effect. The differential growth responses of the eukaryotic algae and cyanobacteria to ciliate grazing may help to explain the apparently coeval radiation of eukaryophagic protists and rise of eukaryotes to ecological prominence as primary producers in Neoproterozoic oceans. The experimental results suggest that phytoplankton responses to the later radiation of microarthropod grazers were clade-specific, and included changes in growth dynamics, toxin synthesis, encystment, and (in diatoms) enhanced Si uptake.

  7. Relationships between copepod community structure, rainfall regimes, and hydrological variables in a tropical mangrove estuary (Amazon coast, Brazil)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magalhães, André; Pereira, Luci Cajueiro Carneiro; da Costa, Rauquírio Marinho

    2015-03-01

    The influence of rainfall and hydrological variables on the abundance and diversity of the copepod community was investigated on a monthly basis over an annual cycle in the Taperaçu mangrove estuary. In general, the results show that there were no clear spatial or tidal patterns in any biological variables during the study period, which was related to the reduced horizontal gradient in abiotic parameters, determined mainly by the morphological and morphodynamic features of the estuary. Nevertheless, seasonal and monthly trends were recorded in both the hydrological data and the abundance of the dominant copepod species. In particular, Pseudodiaptomus marshi (6,004.6 ± 22,231.6 ind m-3; F = 5.0, p < 0.05) and Acartia tonsa (905.6 ± 2,400.9 ind m-3; F = 14.6, p < 0.001) predominated during the rainy season, whereas Acartia lilljeborgii (750.8 ± 808.3 ind m-3; U = 413.0, p < 0.01) was the most abundant species in the dry season. A distinct process of succession was observed in the relative abundance of these species, driven by the shift in the rainfall regime, which affected hydrological, in particular salinity, and consequently the abundance of copepod species. We suggest that this may be a general pattern governing the dynamics of copepod populations in the estuaries of the Brazilian Amazonian region.

  8. Pengaruh Dana Alokasi Umum, Dana Alokasi Khusus Dan Pendapatan Asli Daerah Terhadap Belanja Langsung Di Propinsi Jawa Tengah

    OpenAIRE

    Nurul Hidayah; Hari Setiyawati

    2014-01-01

    The object of this research was to determine the effect of General Allocation Fund, Specific Allocation Fund, and Local Governance Revenue on Central Java Province. The research method used is causal method which determine the effect of the independent variables with the dependent variable. Data analysis method used in this study is multiple regression analysis and testing ofclassical assumptions. Specific target of this study aims to determine the performance of local governments in tapping ...

  9. Seasonality in the Mesozooplankton Community of Delaware Bay, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wickline, A.; Cohen, J.

    2016-02-01

    Zooplankton communities in temperate estuaries undergo seasonal shifts in abundance and species composition, though the physical/biological mechanisms behind these shifts vary among systems. Delaware Bay is a well-mixed estuary on the mid-Atlantic coast with predictable seasonal variation in environmental conditions and circulation. To understand factors influencing mesozooplankton community dynamics in this system, we conducted seasonal sampling at 16 stations over the estuary's salinity range in 2014-2015. Sampling paralleled the last similar investigation into Delaware Bay zooplankton, conducted in the early 1950s. Biomass, measured as dry weight and totaled for all stations, was low in late summer and high in spring and fall. Bio-volume, measured either as displacement volume or calculated from ZooScan processing to exclude detritus, also showed a similar pattern. Across seasons, the mesozooplankton community was dominated by copepods, representing over 60% of the relative abundance at each station. Acartia tonsa was the dominant calanoid species in summer and fall, with abundances up to 7,353 ind. m-3, which is similar to the 1950s. In spring, Centropages hamatus and C. typicus were dominant at densities up to 2,550 ind. m-3 throughout the estuary, which is an increase from the 1950s. Environmental data suggest the seasonal shift in dominance from neritic Centropages to estuarine Acartia could be driven by increased stratification of the estuary during periods of high river discharge in spring, creating a two-layer system with a bottom advection current fed by the coastal ocean, bringing coastal species into the estuary. As river discharge decreases, the advection current is reduced, creating a well-mixed estuary and allowing Acartia to dominante. As river discharge is ultimately determined by precipitation, which is predicted to increase during winter with climate change in this region, the phenology of mesozooplankton species dynamics could shift as well.

  10. Bloom-Forming Cyanobacteria Support Copepod Reproduction and Development in the Baltic Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogfors, Hedvig; Motwani, Nisha H.; Hajdu, Susanna; El-Shehawy, Rehab; Holmborn, Towe; Vehmaa, Anu; Engström-Öst, Jonna; Brutemark, Andreas; Gorokhova, Elena

    2014-01-01

    It is commonly accepted that summer cyanobacterial blooms cannot be efficiently utilized by grazers due to low nutritional quality and production of toxins; however the evidence for such effects in situ is often contradictory. Using field and experimental observations on Baltic copepods and bloom-forming diazotrophic filamentous cyanobacteria, we show that cyanobacteria may in fact support zooplankton production during summer. To highlight this side of zooplankton-cyanobacteria interactions, we conducted: (1) a field survey investigating linkages between cyanobacteria, reproduction and growth indices in the copepod Acartia tonsa; (2) an experiment testing relationships between ingestion of the cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena (measured by molecular diet analysis) and organismal responses (oxidative balance, reproduction and development) in the copepod A. bifilosa; and (3) an analysis of long term (1999–2009) data testing relationships between cyanobacteria and growth indices in nauplii of the copepods, Acartia spp. and Eurytemora affinis, in a coastal area of the northern Baltic proper. In the field survey, N. spumigena had positive effects on copepod egg production and egg viability, effectively increasing their viable egg production. By contrast, Aphanizomenon sp. showed a negative relationship with egg viability yet no significant effect on the viable egg production. In the experiment, ingestion of N. spumigena mixed with green algae Brachiomonas submarina had significant positive effects on copepod oxidative balance, egg viability and development of early nauplial stages, whereas egg production was negatively affected. Finally, the long term data analysis identified cyanobacteria as a significant positive predictor for the nauplial growth in Acartia spp. and E. affinis. Taken together, these results suggest that bloom forming diazotrophic cyanobacteria contribute to feeding and reproduction of zooplankton during summer and create a favorable growth

  11. Bloom-forming cyanobacteria support copepod reproduction and development in the Baltic Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogfors, Hedvig; Motwani, Nisha H; Hajdu, Susanna; El-Shehawy, Rehab; Holmborn, Towe; Vehmaa, Anu; Engström-Öst, Jonna; Brutemark, Andreas; Gorokhova, Elena

    2014-01-01

    It is commonly accepted that summer cyanobacterial blooms cannot be efficiently utilized by grazers due to low nutritional quality and production of toxins; however the evidence for such effects in situ is often contradictory. Using field and experimental observations on Baltic copepods and bloom-forming diazotrophic filamentous cyanobacteria, we show that cyanobacteria may in fact support zooplankton production during summer. To highlight this side of zooplankton-cyanobacteria interactions, we conducted: (1) a field survey investigating linkages between cyanobacteria, reproduction and growth indices in the copepod Acartia tonsa; (2) an experiment testing relationships between ingestion of the cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena (measured by molecular diet analysis) and organismal responses (oxidative balance, reproduction and development) in the copepod A. bifilosa; and (3) an analysis of long term (1999-2009) data testing relationships between cyanobacteria and growth indices in nauplii of the copepods, Acartia spp. and Eurytemora affinis, in a coastal area of the northern Baltic proper. In the field survey, N. spumigena had positive effects on copepod egg production and egg viability, effectively increasing their viable egg production. By contrast, Aphanizomenon sp. showed a negative relationship with egg viability yet no significant effect on the viable egg production. In the experiment, ingestion of N. spumigena mixed with green algae Brachiomonas submarina had significant positive effects on copepod oxidative balance, egg viability and development of early nauplial stages, whereas egg production was negatively affected. Finally, the long term data analysis identified cyanobacteria as a significant positive predictor for the nauplial growth in Acartia spp. and E. affinis. Taken together, these results suggest that bloom forming diazotrophic cyanobacteria contribute to feeding and reproduction of zooplankton during summer and create a favorable growth

  12. Population genetics of drifting (Calanus spp.) and resident (Acartia clausi) plankton in Norwegian fjords

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bucklin, A.; Kaartvedt, S.; Guarnieri, M.; Goswami, U.

    fjords may be determined by local production (Aksnes and Magnesen, 1983). Thus, closed and open fjords may differ in zooplankton species’ composi- tion and in the degree to which populations of a given species are resident (i.e. self.... Introduction Fjords differ in their degree of exchange with open coastal waters. The biological and physical dynamics of open fjords are thought to be determined largely by advection (Aksnes et al., 1989; Giske et al., 1991), while abundances in more closed...

  13. Mesozooplankton grazing on picocyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea as inferred from molecular diet analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nisha H Motwani

    Full Text Available Our current knowledge on the microbial component of zooplankton diet is limited, and it is generally assumed that bacteria-sized prey is not directly consumed by most mesozooplankton grazers in the marine food webs. We questioned this assumption and conducted field and laboratory studies to examine picocyanobacteria contribution to the diets of Baltic Sea zooplankton, including copepods. First, qPCR targeting ITS-1 rDNA sequence of the picocyanobacteria Synechococcus spp. was used to examine picocyanobacterial DNA occurrence in the guts of Baltic zooplankton (copepods, cladocerans and rotifers. All field-collected zooplankton were found to consume picocyanobacteria in substantial quantities. In terms of Synechococcus quantity, the individual gut content was highest in cladocerans, whereas biomass-specific gut content was highest in rotifers and copepod nauplii. Moreover, the gut content in copepods was positively related to the picocyanobacteria abundance and negatively to the total phytoplankton abundance in the water column at the time of sampling. This indicates that increased availability of picocyanobacteria resulted in the increased intake of this prey and that copepods may rely more on picoplankton when food in the preferred size range declines. Second, a feeding experiments with a laboratory reared copepod Acartia tonsa fed a mixture of the picocyanobacterium Synechococcus bacillaris and microalga Rhodomonas salina confirmed that copepods ingested Synechococcus, even when the alternative food was plentiful. Finally, palatability of the picocyanobacteria for A. tonsa was demonstrated using uptake of (13C by the copepods as a proxy for carbon uptake in feeding experiment with (13C-labeled S. bacillaris. These findings suggest that, if abundant, picoplankton may become an important component of mesozooplankton diet, which needs to be accounted for in food web models and productivity assessments.

  14. Short-term variability on mesozooplankton community in a shallow mixed estuary (Bahía Blanca, Argentina): Influence of tidal cycles and local winds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menéndez, María C.; Piccolo, María C.; Hoffmeyer, Mónica S.

    2012-10-01

    The short-term dynamics of zooplankton in coastal ecosystems are strongly influenced by physical processes such as tides, riverine runoff and winds. In this study, we investigated the short-term changes of the representative taxa within mesozooplankton in relation to the semidiurnal tidal cycles. Also, we evaluated the influence of local winds on this short-term variability. Sampling was carried out bimonthly from December 2004 to April 2006 in a fixed point located in the inner zone of the Bahía Blanca Estuary, Argentina. Mesozooplankton samples were taken by pumps during 14-h tidal cycles at 3-h intervals, from surface and bottom. Vertical profiles of temperature and salinity as well as water samples to determine suspended particulate matter were acquired at each sampling date. All data concerning winds were obtained from a meteorological station and water level was recorded with a tide gauge. Holoplankton dominated numerically on meroplankton and adventitious fraction. Concerning holoplanktonic abundance, the highest values were attained by the calanoid copepods Acartia tonsa and Eurytemora americana. Meroplankton occurred mainly as barnacle larvae while benthic harpacticoids and Corophium sp. dominated the adventitious component. Semidiurnal tide was the main influence on the A. tonsa variability. However, noticeable differences in the abundance pattern as function of wind intensity were detected. Meroplankton abundance did not show a clear variation along the tidal cycle. Distributional pattern of harpacticoids seemed to be mainly modulated by velocity asymmetries in the tidal currents, in the same way as suspended particulate matter. However, the Corophium sp. distribution indicated probable behavioural responses associated with tides. The obtained results show how variable the mesozooplankton community structure can be over short-term time scales in mesotidal temperate estuaries. This variability should be taken into account for any zooplankton monitoring

  15. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (Pad), Dana Alokasi Umum (Dau), Dana Alokasi Khusus (Dak), Dan Dana Bagi Hasil (Dbh) Terhadap Belanja Langsung Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten/Kota Di Provinsi Sumatera Utara Pada Tahun 2010-2013

    OpenAIRE

    Tarigan, Veby V

    2015-01-01

    This study analyzed the influence Local Own Revenue, General Allocation Fund, Special Allocation Fund and Product Shared Fund to Direct Expense in Regency/City Government at Sumatera Utara Province. The research method that used in this research is causal research design, and with 33 regency/city as a sample for every year from 33 regency/city at Sumatera Utara Province. This research is done for 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013 period. This research utilizes secondary data. The data are taken ...

  16. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU), dan Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK) terhadap Belanja Modal pada Kota di Pulau Sumatera

    OpenAIRE

    Diaz, Sanita

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study to examine the effect of regional income, General Allocation Fund, and Special Allocation Fund for capital expenditure budget allocation. The design research in this minithesis is using causal associative design, with 14 cities as the sample each year of the 34 cities in Sumatera Island. This research was conducted from the period 2011-2013. This research utilizes secondary data. The data are taken from the official website of Financial Ministry ...

  17. Broad plasticity in the salinity tolerance of a marine copepod species, Acartia longiremis, in the Baltic Sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dutz, Jörg; Christensen, Anette Maria

    2018-01-01

    , but decreased significantly at a lower salinity. Survival experiments showed a broad physiological plasticity with no increase in mortality upon immediate exposure to salinities of 16–7. Acclimation of females to low salinity extended the survival range to a salinity of 5. While the response in vital rates...... was characteristic of a tolerant, brackish water species, unusually high respiration rates at a salinity of 7–16 indicated that the species experienced osmotic stress, and that the mechanism maintaining physiological integrity was energetically expensive. Divergent responses of an increase in respiration rate...

  18. Observations on feeding behaviour and survival rates in the estuarine calanoid copepods Acartia spinicauda and Heliodiaptomus cinctus (Crustacea: Copepoda: Calanoida)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Srivastava, Y.; Fernandes, Brenda; Goswami, S.C.; Goswami, U.; Achuthankutty, C.T.

    of Tetraselmis gracilis (Chlorophyta) and Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyta), whereas, adults of H. cinctus were fed on five different combinations of phytoplankton feed. Total hourly differences in pigment concentrations indicate that A. spinicauda preferred...

  19. Prey detection and prey capture in copepod nauplii.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Bruno

    Full Text Available Copepod nauplii are either ambush feeders that feed on motile prey or they produce a feeding current that entrains prey cells. It is unclear how ambush and feeding-current feeding nauplii perceive and capture prey. Attack jumps in ambush feeding nauplii should not be feasible at low Reynolds numbers due to the thick viscous boundary layer surrounding the attacking nauplius. We use high-speed video to describe the detection and capture of phytoplankton prey by the nauplii of two ambush feeding species (Acartia tonsa and Oithona davisae and by the nauplii of one feeding-current feeding species (Temora longicornis. We demonstrate that the ambush feeders both detect motile prey remotely. Prey detection elicits an attack jump, but the jump is not directly towards the prey, such as has been described for adult copepods. Rather, the nauplius jumps past the prey and sets up an intermittent feeding current that pulls in the prey from behind towards the mouth. The feeding-current feeding nauplius detects prey arriving in the feeding current but only when the prey is intercepted by the setae on the feeding appendages. This elicits an altered motion pattern of the feeding appendages that draws in the prey.

  20. Origin of resources and trophic pathways in a large SW Atlantic estuary: An evaluation using stable isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botto, Florencia; Gaitán, Esteban; Mianzan, Hermes; Acha, Marcelo; Giberto, Diego; Schiariti, Agustín; Iribarne, Oscar

    2011-03-01

    The Río de la Plata (34° 36' S, 55° 58' W; Argentina and Uruguay) estuary, one of the most important South American estuarine environments, is characterized by weak seasonal freshwater discharge, low tidal amplitude (freshwater marshes both contribute to the food web of the Río de la Plata estuary. On the basis of the sampled species, we identified four trophic levels. The clam Mactra isabelleana, the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa, and the opossum shrimp Neomysis americana are the primary consumers. The rays Atlantoraja castelnaui and Squatina guggenheim and the shark Galeorhinus galeus are the top predators. The Río de la Plata food web shows an important input of nutrients derived from phytoplankton. Rays, sharks, and predatory gastropods reveal an important contribution of C4 plants (likely Spartina spp.). However, production derived from C3 plants is also important for some species. The fishes Brazilian menhaden, Brevoortia aurea; the stripped weakfish Cynoscion guatucupa; and the whitemouth croaker, Micropogonias furnieri, showed differences in their isotopic signatures as juveniles and adults, indicating different food sources, and they were therefore treated as different components of the food web. Our data suggest that detritus from salt and freshwater marshes is reaching the Río de la Plata estuary and can be an important allocthonous source of energy to this environment.

  1. Characterization of the current biological communities within the Nanticoke River in the vicinity of the Vienna SES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stroup, C.F.; Brindley, A.; Kazyak, P.F.

    1991-07-01

    Pursuant to a utility's intent to file for permission to build a generating station along the Nanticoke River, Maryland, a field program was conducted to update characterizations of major aquatic biota of the river in proximity to the existing power plant and a potential intake/discharge location. This characterization sampled five stations on the Nanticoke River, spanning 14 miles from Chapter Point to Riverton, between July 1988 and October 1989. During the study period, the juvenile and adult fish community was dominated by white perch, Atlantic menhaden, bay anchovy, hogchoker, and spot. Spring ichthyoplankton was composed of white perch, striped bass, yellow perch, and alosids, while summer ichthyoplankton was dominated by naked gobies and bay anchovy. Acartia tonsa, Eurytemora affinis and Bosmina longirostris dominated zooplankton samples. The phytoplankton community was composed primarily of diatoms, green algae, and monads. Polychaetes and crustaceans were the dominant macrobenthic taxa, with molluscs contributing to total abundance primarily during spring recruitment. The final report presents the results of fish, ichthyoplankton, zooplankton, and benthic surveys conducted between July 1988 and October 1989 in the middle portion of the Nanticoke River, Maryland. During the dry conditions of 1988, aquatic communities were dominated by estuarine species, while the lower saline environment of 1989 resulted in the presence of more freshwater species

  2. Calcium Carbonate Dissolution Above the Lysocline: Implications of Copepod Grazing on Coccolithophores

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, M. M.; Waller, J. D.; Lubelczyk, L.; Drapeau, D.; Bowler, B.; Wyeth, A.; Fields, D.; Balch, W. M.

    2016-02-01

    Copepod-coccolithophore predator-prey interactions are of great importance because they facilitate the export of particulate inorganic and organic carbon (PIC and POC) from the surface ocean. Coccolith dissolution in acidic copepod guts has been proposed as a possible explanation for the paradox of PIC dissolution above the lysocline, but warrants further investigation. Using a new application of the 14C-microdiffusion technique, we investigated the dissolution of coccoliths in copepod guts. We considered both an estuarine predator-prey model (Acartia tonsa and Pleurochrysis carterae) and an open ocean predator-prey model (Calanus finmarchicus and Emiliania huxleyi). Additionally, we considered the impacts of pCO2 on this process to advance our understanding of the effects of ocean acidification on trophic interactions. In the estuarine predator-prey model, fecal pellets produced immediately after previously-starved copepods grazed on P. carterae had PIC/POC ratios 27-40 % lower than that of the algae, indicating PIC dissolution within the copepod gut, with no impact of pCO2 on this dissolution. Subsequent fecal pellets showed increasing PIC/POC, suggesting that calcite dissolution decreases as the gut fills. The open ocean predator-prey model showed equivocal results, indicating high variability among individual grazing behavior, and therefore no consistent impact of copepod grazing on coccolith dissolution above the lysocline in the open ocean. We will further discuss the effects of fecal pellet PIC/POC ratios on sinking rate.

  3. Host-Specific and pH-Dependent Microbiomes of Copepods in an Extensive Rearing System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skovgaard, Alf; Castro-Mejia, Josue Leonardo; Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg; Nielsen, Dennis Sandris

    2015-01-01

    Copepods are to an increasing extent cultivated as feed for mariculture fish larvae with variable production success. In the temperate climate zone, this production faces seasonal limitation due to changing abiotic factors, in particular temperature and light. Furthermore, the production of copepods may be influenced by biotic factors of the culture systems, such as competing microorganisms, harmful algae, or other eukaryotes and prokaryotes that may be non-beneficial for the copepods. In this study, the composition of bacteria associated with copepods was investigated in an extensive outdoor copepod production system. Light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed that bacteria were primarily found attached to the exoskeleton of copepods although a few bacteria were also found in the gut as well as internally in skeletal muscle tissue. Through 16S rRNA gene-targeted denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis, a clear difference was found between the microbiomes of the two copepod species, Acartia tonsa and Centropages hamatus, present in the system. This pattern was corroborated through 454/FLX-based 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of copepod microbiomes, which furthermore showed that the abiotic parameters pH and oxygen concentration in rearing tank water were the key factors influencing composition of copepod microbiomes.

  4. Rapid reassessment of the eutrophication status of Kingston Harbour, Jamaica using the zooplankton community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrice A. Francis

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Previous extensive studies of zooplankton distribution in the eutrophic Kingston Harbour established that it was being continuously contaminated. We assessed the community in 2011, 17 years after a previous study and five years after the introduction of a tertiary waste water system. Sampling was conducted for four weeks at eight stations identical to those sampled in a previous study. We used horizontal surface tows with a 200µm net. A total of 73 zooplankton taxa were identified and copepods dominated with 20 species. Mean total abundances were high, ranging from a minimum of 2 383 animals m-3 in the southern region of Hunts Bay to 194 166 animals m-3at the Inner Harbour. Five zooplankton taxa (Acartia tonsa, Paracalanus spp., Temora turbinata, Penilia avirostris and Lucifer faxoni that were previously identified as indicators, were again important in the Harbour. The overall zooplankton abundances were similar and in some cases higher than the previous study. There was no significant improvement in the water quality since the introduction of the treatment system at Soapberry. This may be a result of unknown nutrient inputs or of nutrient remaining in the sediments.

  5. Combined toxicity effects of chlorine, ammonia, and temperature on marine plankton. Progress report, November 1976--31 January 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldman, J. C.

    1978-02-01

    Studies on the effects of chlorine, chloramines, and temperature on marine plankton have been carried out for three years. Species studied include marine phytoplankton, lobster larvae (Homarus americanus), oyster larvae (Crassostrea virginica), copepods (Acartia tonsa), rotifers (Brachionas plicatilis), grass shrimp (Palamonetes pugio) summer flounder larvae (Paralichthys dentatus), larval and juvenile killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus), juvenile scup (Stenotomus versicolor), and juvenile winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus). In addition extensive studies on chlorine chemistry in seawater have been carried out. The major conclusions are that entrainment effects on permanent plankton such as phytoplankton, copepods, and rotifers are temporary, that is those organisms surviving chlorination and temperature shocks are capable of renewed and unrestricted growth once returned to the receiving water. Because chlorine is only applied for short periods daily in most power plants, the total population of the above organisms actually exposed to chlorine is small and the effects may be hardly measurable in receiving waters. However, chlorination effects on larval species that spawn intermittently could be catastrophic. In addition, there are many unanswered questions regarding the fate of chlorine that is dissipated in marine waters. Are the losses real and, if so, do they pose a toxicity threat to marine biota.

  6. Combined toxicity effects of chlorine, ammonia, and temperature on marine plankton. Progress report, September 16, 1975--September 30, 1976

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldman, J. C.; Ryther, J. H.

    1976-10-01

    Research on the combined effects of chlorine, ammmonia and temperature on marine plankton have been carried out for 20 months. To date continuous-flow bioassays have been conducted on lobster larvae (Homarus americanus), oyster larvae (Crassostrea virginica), copepods (Acartia tonsa), rotifers (Brachionus plicatilis), three juvenile and larval fish, killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus), scup (Stenotomus versicolor), and winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus), and phytoplankton (the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum). In addition, studies on zooplankton metabolism, filtration rates, and growth were carried out on exposed organisms. In general, the responses of invertebrates were distinctly different than those of fish: increasing mortality with increasing chlorine dose and greater sensitivity to chloramines than free chlorine in the former, and a threshold level of chlorine and greater sensitivity to free chlorine in the latter. Phytoplankton responses indicate that chlorine effects on primary producers are minimal compared to the serious effects on zooplankton, particularly larval forms that spawn intermittently. The overall conclusion of our studies is that chlorine application at power plants must be carried out with extreme caution and that serious consideration should be given to applying dechlorination at all coastal cooling systems.

  7. Dissolution of coccolithophorid calcite by microzooplankton and copepod grazing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antia, A. N.; Suffrian, K.; Holste, L.; Müller, M. N.; Nejstgaard, J. C.; Simonelli, P.; Carotenuto, Y.; Putzeys, S.

    2008-01-01

    Independent of the ongoing acidification of surface seawater, the majority of the calcium carbonate produced in the pelagial is dissolved by natural processes above the lysocline. We investigate to what extent grazing and passage of coccolithophorids through the guts of copepods and the food vacuoles of microzooplankton contribute to calcite dissolution. In laboratory experiments where the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi was fed to the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis, the heterotrophic flagellate Oxyrrhis marina and the copepod Acartia tonsa, calcite dissolution rates of 45-55%, 37-53% and 5-22% of ingested calcite were found. We ascribe higher loss rates in microzooplankton food vacuoles as compared to copepod guts to the strongly acidic digestion and the individual packaging of algal cells. In further experiments, specific rates of calcification and calcite dissolution were also measured in natural populations during the PeECE III mesocosm study under differing ambient pCO2 concentrations. Microzooplankton grazing accounted for between 27 and 70% of the dynamic calcite stock being lost per day, with no measurable effect of CO2 treatment. These measured calcite dissolution rates indicate that dissolution of calcite in the guts of microzooplankton and copepods can account for the calcite losses calculated for the global ocean using budget and model estimates.

  8. Temperature effects on copepod egg hatching: does acclimatization matter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume; Kozmér, A.

    2010-01-01

    This report investigates female sizes, egg sizes and egg hatching rates in relation to temperature for the near-shore calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa cultured at 6, 9, 14 and 24°C for several generations to achieve acclimatization. Inverse size relationships of eggs and females were revealed...... with increasing temperature. Eggs produced at 6°C were 85 ± 4 µm in diameter, but decreased to 80 ± 3 µm at 24°C. Female cephalothorax length was 840 ± 52 and 692 ± 39 µm at 9 and 24°C, respectively. Parallel hatching experiments were performed between non-acclimatized and acclimatized cultures across a range...... of temperatures reflecting natural conditions in Danish waters. A greater fraction of eggs enter quiescence as temperature declines. Eggs were able to hatch at temperatures as low as 1.5°C. Final egg hatching success increased with temperature. Acclimatization of the copepods resulted in a lower maximum hatching...

  9. Experimental Investigation of 3-D flow fields around the mouth of the Dwarf Seahorse during attacks on planktonic prey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemmell, Brad; Buskey, Edward; Sheng, Jian

    2009-11-01

    Copepods are an important planktonic food source for fish species. High predation has led to the development of effective escape responses with short reaction times (less than 2 ms), maximum escape velocities of over 500 body lengths per second and shear sensitivity as low as 1.5s-1. Using high speed digital holography (2 kfps), we measure 3-D distributions of velocity generated by a dwarf seahorse (Hippocampus zosterae) during attacks on its copepod prey, Acartia tonsa. It is found that successful attacks often produce smaller or even no detectable hydrodynamic disturbances around the strike zone, when compared to unsuccessful attempts. In this paper, we will provide quantitative characterization of this ``low-flow'' zone. Further, to elucidate the role of a possible geometrical advantage of the seahorse's head in minimizing its bow wave, high-speed time resolved PIV measurements are conducted in a low-speed water tunnel. On-going analysis will provide insights and implications in understanding the dynamics of flows around the stagnation point at high Reynolds number flow. Sponsored by NSF.

  10. Predation by the Dwarf Seahorse on Copepods: Quantifying Motion and Flows Using 3D High Speed Digital Holographic Cinematography - When Seahorses Attack!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemmell, Brad; Sheng, Jian; Buskey, Ed

    2008-11-01

    Copepods are an important planktonic food source for most of the world's fish species. This high predation pressure has led copepods to evolve an extremely effective escape response, with reaction times to hydrodynamic disturbances of less than 4 ms and escape speeds of over 500 body lengths per second. Using 3D high speed digital holographic cinematography (up to 2000 frames per second) we elucidate the role of entrainment flow fields generated by a natural visual predator, the dwarf seahorse (Hippocampus zosterae) during attacks on its prey, Acartia tonsa. Using phytoplankton as a tracer, we recorded and reconstructed 3D flow fields around the head of the seahorse and its prey during both successful and unsuccessful attacks to better understand how some attacks lead to capture with little or no detection from the copepod while others result in failed attacks. Attacks start with a slow approach to minimize the hydro-mechanical disturbance which is used by copepods to detect the approach of a potential predator. Successful attacks result in the seahorse using its pipette-like mouth to create suction faster than the copepod's response latency. As these characteristic scales of entrainment increase, a successful escape becomes more likely.

  11. Tests for oil/dispersant toxicity: In situ laboratory assays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wright, D.A.; Coelho, G.M.; Aurand, D.V.

    1995-01-01

    As part of its readiness program in oil spill response, the Marine Pollution Control Unit (MPCU), Department of Transport, U.K. conducts annual field trials in the North Sea, approximately 30 nautical miles from the southeast coast of England. The trials take the form of controlled releases of crude oil or Medium Fuel/Gas Oil mix (MFO), with and without the application of Corexit 9527 dispersant. In 1994 and 1995 the authors conducted a series of in situ toxicity bioassays in association with these spills with included 48h LC50 tests for turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) and oyster (Crassostrea gigas) larvae, a 48 h oyster (C. gigas) embryonic development test and two full life-cycle assays using the copepods Acartia tonsa and Tisbe battagliai. Tests were also conducted in the Chesapeake Bay laboratory using estuarine species including the copepod Eurytemora affinis and the inland silverside Menidia beryllina. Here, the authors report on the results of these assays, together with 1996 in situ toxicity data resulting from Norwegian field trials in the northern North Sea

  12. Influence of UVB radiation on the lethal and sublethal toxicity of dispersed crude oil to planktonic copepod nauplii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Harvey, Tracy E; Connelly, Tara L; Baca, Sarah; Buskey, Edward J

    2016-06-01

    Toxic effects of petroleum to marine zooplankton have been generally investigated using dissolved petroleum hydrocarbons and in the absence of sunlight. In this study, we determined the influence of natural ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation on the lethal and sublethal toxicity of dispersed crude oil to naupliar stages of the planktonic copepods Acartia tonsa, Temora turbinata and Pseudodiaptomus pelagicus. Low concentrations of dispersed crude oil (1 μL L(-1)) caused a significant reduction in survival, growth and swimming activity of copepod nauplii after 48 h of exposure. UVB radiation increased toxicity of dispersed crude oil by 1.3-3.8 times, depending on the experiment and measured variables. Ingestion of crude oil droplets may increase photoenhanced toxicity of crude oil to copepod nauplii by enhancing photosensitization. Photoenhanced sublethal toxicity was significantly higher when T. turbinata nauplii were exposed to dispersant-treated oil than crude oil alone, suggesting that chemical dispersion of crude oil may promote photoenhanced toxicity to marine zooplankton. Our results demonstrate that acute exposure to concentrations of dispersed crude oil and dispersant (Corexit 9500) commonly found in the sea after oil spills are highly toxic to copepod nauplii and that natural levels of UVB radiation substantially increase the toxicity of crude oil to these planktonic organisms. Overall, this study emphasizes the importance of considering sunlight in petroleum toxicological studies and models to better estimate the impact of crude oil spills on marine zooplankton. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  13. Host-Specific and pH-Dependent Microbiomes of Copepods in an Extensive Rearing System.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alf Skovgaard

    Full Text Available Copepods are to an increasing extent cultivated as feed for mariculture fish larvae with variable production success. In the temperate climate zone, this production faces seasonal limitation due to changing abiotic factors, in particular temperature and light. Furthermore, the production of copepods may be influenced by biotic factors of the culture systems, such as competing microorganisms, harmful algae, or other eukaryotes and prokaryotes that may be non-beneficial for the copepods. In this study, the composition of bacteria associated with copepods was investigated in an extensive outdoor copepod production system. Light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed that bacteria were primarily found attached to the exoskeleton of copepods although a few bacteria were also found in the gut as well as internally in skeletal muscle tissue. Through 16S rRNA gene-targeted denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE analysis, a clear difference was found between the microbiomes of the two copepod species, Acartia tonsa and Centropages hamatus, present in the system. This pattern was corroborated through 454/FLX-based 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of copepod microbiomes, which furthermore showed that the abiotic parameters pH and oxygen concentration in rearing tank water were the key factors influencing composition of copepod microbiomes.

  14. Tidal effects on short-term mesozooplankton distribution in small channels of a temperate-turbid estuary, Southwestern Atlantic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Chazarreta

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The short-term variability of mesozooplankton distribution and physicochemical variables was examined in two different channels of the Bahía Blanca Estuary, Argentina, during two tidal cycles. All the physicochemical measurements and mesozooplankton sampling were performed at a fixed site during approximately 22-23 h at 3-h intervals. Pumps were used to obtain surface and bottom mesozooplankton samples and the water speed of each stratum was measured with an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP. In all, 23 mesozooplanktonic taxa belonging to four phyla (Arthropoda, Annelida, Echinodermata and Chordata were identified. The most abundant taxa during the two tidal cycles were Balanus glandula larvae, Eurytemora americana and Acartia tonsa. A discernible variability in the water conditions and vertical mesozooplankton distribution (VMD different from that known for the estuary's main channel, was found in the other two selected channels. VMD varied during the tidal cycle in both channels in accordance with the channel's geomorphology and water dynamic characteristics of each of them. The variation of the abundance of the different taxa during ebb and flood currents might indicate the existence of a tidal vertical migration of the mesozooplankton as a response to particular dynamic water conditions.

  15. The kinematics of swimming and relocation jumps in copepod nauplii

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borg, Marc Andersen; Bruno, Eleonora; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Copepod nauplii move in a world dominated by viscosity. Their swimming-by-jumping propulsion mode, with alternating power and recovery strokes of three pairs of cephalic appendages, is fundamentally different from the way other microplankters move. Protozoans move using cilia or flagella, and cop......Copepod nauplii move in a world dominated by viscosity. Their swimming-by-jumping propulsion mode, with alternating power and recovery strokes of three pairs of cephalic appendages, is fundamentally different from the way other microplankters move. Protozoans move using cilia or flagella...... of pelagic copepods: Temora longicornis, Oithona davisae and Acartia tonsa. The kinematics of jumping is similar between the three species. Jumps result in a very erratic translation with no phase of passive coasting and the nauplii move backwards during recovery strokes. This is due to poorly synchronized...... recovery strokes and a low beat frequency relative to the coasting time scale. For the same reason, the propulsion efficiency of the nauplii is low. Given the universality of the nauplius body plan, it is surprising that they seem to be inefficient when jumping, which is different from the very efficient...

  16. Patterns of copepod diversity in the Chilean coastal upwelling system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidalgo, Pamela; Escribano, Ruben; Vergara, Odette; Jorquera, Erika; Donoso, Katty; Mendoza, Paula

    2010-12-01

    The copepod community structure from the Northern and Central/southern upwelling regions off Chile was studied and compared. The derived community descriptors were species abundance (N), species richness (R) and the Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H'). These descriptors were related to distinct habitats and conditions, sea surface temperature (SST) and depth of the upper boundary of the oxygen minimum zone (OMZ). From 159 samples, obtained between 2002 and 2008, a total number of 118 species were found of which the calanoids Paracalanus indicus, Acartia tonsa and Eucalanus inermis, along with the cyclopoid Oithona similis, and the poecilostomatoids Triconia conifera and Oncaea media were the dominant species. H' was higher in the northern region, but no differences in N and R were detected between regions. N was higher in the epipelagic vs the deep habitat, but R and H' did not differ. N, R and H' correlated positively to SST and negatively to OMZ depth. The ascent of the OMZ to the upper layer forced by upwelling was proposed as a mechanism that aggregates and increases copepod diversity in the food-rich photic zone. All these findings suggest a fundamental role of upwelling variation for modulating copepod dynamics and community structure in this highly productive but strongly variable marine ecosystem.

  17. March 2003 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (Geodetic Coordinates) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from...

  18. April 2004 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (Geodetic Coordinates) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from...

  19. December 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (latitude and longitude) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs)...

  20. DANA BAGI HASIL SEKTOR PAJAK ERA OTONOMI DAERAH DI JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Sulistyowati Sulistyowati

    2016-01-01

    To archieve vertical equalitation in the level of province in Indonesia there are two types of transfer fund which are extracted from tax and natural resources revenues. This research will focus on the tax-based vertical equalization type of sharing namely land and construction tax (PBB). In Central Java Land and Construction tax increases 20% per annum during the five year under observation. However, due to the absent for any regulation on the allocation of the Land and Construction Tax reve...

  1. Barriers to Care for Transgender People: A Conversation With Dana Hines, PhD, MSN, RN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biederman, Donna J; Hines, Dana

    2016-05-01

    A public health nurse talks about her career trajectory, her entry into nursing research, and her research career in transgender health. Transgender people encounter many health and social disparities, yet medical and nursing professionals are often ill-prepared to care for this population of individuals. The nursing profession is well known for its contributions to population health and for developing nursing-led interventions to improve the health outcomes of marginalized populations. Hines urges nursing to take a more active stance in transgender health and is leading this effort by example.

  2. Tinjauan Yuridis Tentang Reksa Dana Syariah sebagai Alternatif Investasi Bagi Investor

    OpenAIRE

    Kurniadihardja, Taufiq; Mulyani, Sri

    2010-01-01

    General meaning of the Mutual Fund Sharia (Islamic Infestment Fund) are not much different from the meaning of Mutual Funds in general. What distinguishes Conventional Mutual Funds Mutual Funds with Shariah lies in its operation, in which the Fund uses the provisions of sharia principles. Mutual Funds in Sharia principles used in the form of contract between owners of capital (rab al-mal) and the Investment Manager (amyl), selection and implementation of investment transactions, and in determ...

  3. A transcriptome resource for Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana) exposed to short-term stress

    KAUST Repository

    Martins, Maria João F

    2015-10-01

    Euphausia superba is a keystone species in Antarctic food webs. However, the continued decrease in stock density raises concerns over the resilience and adaptive potential of krill to withstand the current rate of environmental change. We undertook a transcriptome-scale approach (454 pyrosequencing) as a baseline for future studies addressing the physiological response of krill to short-term food shortage and natural UV-B stress. The final assembly resulted in a total of 26,415 contigs, 39.8% of which were putatively annotated. Exploratory analyses indicate an overall reduction in protein synthesis under food shortage while UV stress resulted in the activation of photo-protective mechanisms. © 2015.

  4. Sedução, rivalidade e danação em noite na taverna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Accorsi Trindade

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The text is an analysis of the novel Night in the Tavern by Álvares de Azevedo, approaching the characters´ torn experiences, which are the same lived by the hero Don Juan in El Burlador de Sevilla by Tirso de Molina. Beginning with the issue of the duplicity in the romanticism, we find in Tirso de Molina and Álvares de Azevedo the representation of rivalry present in the donjuanesque theme, the search for the hero identity with the rival and the seduction of the wife of the rival as something valuable. However, the damnation traces the destiny of the romantic hero.

  5. Kinerja Keuangan Memediasi Dana Perimbangan, Alokasi Belanja Daerah Pada Indeks Pembangunan Manuasia dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Putu Ari Aryawati

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyzes whether the fiscal balance transfer, regional allocation budget and regional financial performance directly affects the human development index and economic growth in the Regency / City throughout West Nusa Tenggara Province and indirect effect of fiscal balance transfer and regional allocation budget on human development index and economic growth with the financial performance as a mediating variable. Analysis of the data in this research used Partial Least Square (PLS analysis. The results of the analysis show that there are positive affect between fiscal balance transfer and regional allocation budget on economic growth. Regional allocation budget has negative affect to HDI. Regional allocation budget influence partial mediation on human development index and economic growth with regional financial performance as a mediating variable.The result of this study, to maximize the HDI and economic growth of West Nusa Tenggara Province should consider the amount of fiscal balance transfer, regional allocation budget and regional financial performance because the variables are proven to affect HDI and economic growth of West Nusa Tenggara Province either directly or indirectly. Keywords: HDI, Economic Growth, Regional Financial Performance

  6. PERBANDINGAN IMBAL HASIL KONTRAK MUDHARABAH DAN PARTISIPASI MODAL DALAM PENGHIMPUNAN DANA BANK SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Amaroh

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to compare the return between mudharabah deposits and equityparticipating in Indonesia Islamic banking and also to examine the factors that affect the returns. Employee monthly data of 3 Islamic banks over the period 2006-2011 and examined by regression panel model. This research results several substantial findings. First, return on mudharabah deposits is lower than return on equity participating. Second, return on mudrabah deposits is significantly affected by return on assets, profit attributable to third party deposits as percentage of operating profit, and total deposit to total assets. Third, return on equity is also significantly affected by return on assets, profit attributable to equity holders as a percentage of operating profit, and total equity to total assets. Fourth, return on assets affects more higher return on equity than the return on mudharabah deposits.

  7. PREFERENSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP LEMBAGA ZAKAT DAN BENTUK-BENTUK PEMBERDAYAAN DANA ZAKAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Mifdlol Muthohar

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to find out the attitude of muzaki in handing over the zakat fund and their perspective of the zakat institution. This study used a qualitative approach, located in 13 cities. The research findings showed that according to muzaki, paying zakat to zakat institution is more ideal, however, they prefer to pay it with two different ways; first is to zakat institution and second is directly given to those who deserve to receive it. Muzaki prefer to pay their zakat to private zakat institutions rather than to those belong to government. Then Zakat funds should be managed by the institution of zakat. If the government manages the zakat, it should be fair and believable. Furthermore, muzaki are more satisfied when zakat institutions distribute the zakat to people around muzaki. It is for the Benefit of the most desired purpose that is educational, social, religious, economic empowerment and health.

  8. PERHITUNGAN DANA PENSIUN DENGAN METODE PROJECTED UNIT CREDIT DAN INDIVIDUAL LEVEL PREMIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I GUSTI AYU KOMANG KUSUMA WARDHANI

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The company which provides the pension program needs the actuarial valuation to estimate the fund amount required by the company to pay for pension funding. Actuarial method that used in this research are projected unit credit and invidual level premium method. Through this research be obtained the result of valuation pension benefits with career average salary assumption is lower than the other salary assumptions. On the other hand, the result of normal cost final value valuation using individual level premium method is smaller than projected unit credit method that suits for the participants of the pension funding program.

  9. PERHITUNGAN DANA PENSIUN DENGAN METODE PROJECTED UNIT CREDIT DAN INDIVIDUAL LEVEL PREMIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I GUSTI AYU KOMANG KUSUMA WARDHANI

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The company which provides the pension program needs the actuarial valuation to estimate the fund amount required by the company to pay for pension funding. Actuarial method that used in this research are projected unit credit and invidual level premium method. Through this research be obtained the result of valuation pension benefits with career average salary assumption is lower than the other salary assumptions. On the other hand, the result of normal cost final value valuation using individual level premium method is smaller than projected unit credit method that suits for the participants of the pension funding program.

  10. Optimasi Value at Risk Pada Reksa Dana Dengan Metode Historical Simulation Dan Aplikasinya Menggunakan Gui Matlab

    OpenAIRE

    Monica, Christa; Tarno, Tarno; Yasin, Hasbi

    2016-01-01

    Value at Risk (VaR) is a method used to measure financial risk within a firm or investment portfolio over a specific time period at certain confidence interval level. Historical Simulation is used in this research to compute VaR of stock mutual fund at 5% confidence interval level, with one day time period and Rp 100.000.000,00 startup investment fund. Historical Simulation ia a non parametric method where the formula doesn't require any asumption. Portfolio optimization is done by calculatin...

  11. The Influence of Individual Personalities Towards Team Performance at PT. Bpr Prisma Dana Manado

    OpenAIRE

    Untu, Mario Rahmat

    2014-01-01

    In today€™s global and competitive environment, one of the more often debated issues in the study of organizational behavior is the effects of workforce diversity such as personality on team performance. Workforce diversity refers to employee€™s individual differences and similarities. It stands for individuality that includes personality, gender, race, nationality, ethnicity, region, income, marital status, work experience, perceptions among others. The purpose of this study was to examine h...

  12. KEDUDUKAN DANA ALOKASI UMUM(DAU DALAM HUBUNGAN ANTARA PUSAT DAN DAERAH BERDASARKAN ASAS OTONOMI

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    Yuswanto Yuswanto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available As a fiscal policy within the framework of regional autonomy, the allocation of DAU is an act that very important. It was meant to address financing capability gap between regions. The reason is because the DAU is the largest component of balance funds, namely the lack of 26% of the net domestic income in the state budget the amount of DAU scheme is not limiting, because it can only grow with the size of the authority delegated to the regions. DAU legal standing as a regional income in the financial relationship between the center and the regions based on the principle of autonomy is as a subsidy coming from the state revenue in the state budget that is allocated to local revenue in the budget based on fiscal decentralization. Keywords: General Allocation Fund, autonomy, regional autonomy

  13. Akuntabilitas Pelayanan Surat Perintah Pencairan Dana Pada Badan Pengelola Keuangan Dan Aset Daerah Kabupaten Mamuju Utara

    OpenAIRE

    Mulaningsih, Sri

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to determine implementation of the bureaucratic apparatus of accountability Financial Management Board and the Regional Asset North Mamuju Distric. The research using qualitative descriptive methode. The informant came from the apparatus of bureaucrats on the Financial Management Board and Asset North Mamuju District that consist of Proxy Regional Treasurer, Head of the Sub-Sector Spending, Head of the Sub-Sector Expenditures, officers executing and services of SP2D and also ...

  14. EFEKTIVITAS DANA SUBSIDI LANGSUNG TUNAI (SLT DALAM MENGATASI DAMPAK KENAIKAN HARGA BBM BAGI MASYARAKAT MISKIN

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    Kuncoro Bayu Prasetyo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Subsidi Langsung Tunai (SLT is one of the government programs to help poor people to face theeffect of the increasing of gas price policy. The data of the receivers collect from BPS’s list. Governmenthopes that the effect of the increasing price of gasoline do not give impact to the increasing number ofpoor people. The distribution of SLT was done periodically each three months, begins on October 2005until September 2006. The SLT assistance distributed in cooperation with the post office across thecountry which reach the remote area. The SLT receivers confessed that this program is very helpful forthem in fulfilling their daily needs in the difficult situation recently. There are various uses of the SLT’sassistance among the receivers. Most of them spent the assistance for consuming daily needs, payingeducation cost, buying medicine, paying debt and other social activities such as for charity. The SLTdistribution done by the government was not effectively helping poor people. They have already spent theassistance just only in one or two weeks. Implementing the SLT assistance program like this is such asSanta clause model which can give bad physiological impact for instance laziness and dependency amongthe receiver to the government. There for reevaluation is needed for the type of assistance, distributionmodel and other related technical factors, so that in the future the government assistance for poor peoplecan be used effectively and optimally.Keywords: SLT assistance, gasoline, poor people, effective.

  15. A transcriptome resource for Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana) exposed to short-term stress

    KAUST Repository

    Martins, Maria Joã o F; Lago-Leston, Asuncion; Anjos, Antonio; Duarte, Carlos M.; Agusti, Susana; Serrã o, Ester A.; Pearson, Gareth A.

    2015-01-01

    Euphausia superba is a keystone species in Antarctic food webs. However, the continued decrease in stock density raises concerns over the resilience and adaptive potential of krill to withstand the current rate of environmental change. We undertook a transcriptome-scale approach (454 pyrosequencing) as a baseline for future studies addressing the physiological response of krill to short-term food shortage and natural UV-B stress. The final assembly resulted in a total of 26,415 contigs, 39.8% of which were putatively annotated. Exploratory analyses indicate an overall reduction in protein synthesis under food shortage while UV stress resulted in the activation of photo-protective mechanisms. © 2015.

  16. MARKET TIMING, SELEKTIVITAS SAHAM SERTA KINERJA DARI PRODUK REKSA DANA SAHAM DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benny Kurniawan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Mutual fund share is one of the attractive instruments in investment. This product is able to offer high returns with lower risk than investing directly into equities. However, the results found in the period of 2009-2014 were not the case. The return generated by equity funds was smaller than that of JCI. Because of this, the research on mutual funds was performed to measure the actual capability of mutual fund shares in Indonesia. This study used daily data of 44 stock mutual fund products in Indonesia. In this study, (1 Adjustment risk-return performance, (2 Selectivity of shares and, (3 Market timing were measured; furthermore, in market timing, the data were processed by the econometric models to determine the error model so that an appropriate regression model (OLS or ARCH / GARCH could be selected. The result revealed that the ability of mutual fund shares in Indonesia is very low. Although the risk-return adjustment performance shown only produced one underperformed product, the selectivity stock is very low in which only 22% showed a positive result in Fama testing; in addition, the portfolio showed a similar composition. For market timing, only about 30% of products are able to apply it appropriately. From these results, it can be concluded that the capability of equity funds in Indonesia in the period of 2009-2014 was still low, both on the selectivity stocks and market timing.Keywords: econometrics, performance, market timing, stock mutual funds, stock selectivity

  17. Kemampuan Pemilihan Saham dan Penetapan Waktu Pada Manajer investasi Reksa Dana Saham di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tariza Putri Ramayanti

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Selectivity and Market Timing Ability of Mutual Fund Investment Manajer in IndonesiaThere are two aspects to examining whether mutual fund managers perform well and enable high return from mutual funds; these are selectivity and market timing ability. The purpose of this paper is to examine selectivity and market timing ability of Indonesia Mutual Funds from January 2009 to December 2016 using monthly returns. Treynor & Mazuy and Henriksson & Merton models applied to a sample size of 33 mutual funds. Both models show that the investment managers of mutual funds in Indonesia have no selectivity ability. The result also found that 11 mutual funds have positive statiscally significant market timing coefficient using Treynor & Mazuy models and 10 mutual funds  have positive statiscally significant market timing coefficient using Henriksson & Merton Models.DOI: 10.15408/ess.v8i1.6552

  18. Comprehensive Condition Survey and Storm Waves, Circulation, and Sediment Study, Dana Point Harbor, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    waters; 3) west to northwest local sea; 4) prefrontal local sea; 5) tropical storm swell; and 6) extratropical cyclone in the southern hemisphere...14-13 58 Prefrontal local sea The coastal zone within the south Orange County area is vulnerable under extratropical winter storm conditions (a...wave characteristics for severe extratropical storms during the 39 yr time period (1970–2008) are comparable to peak storm wave heights that were

  19. Asimetri pada Flypaper Effect: Bukti Empiris Pemanfaatan Dana Alokasi Umum pada Pemerintah Daerah di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junaidi .

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this research is to provide empirical proof of occurrence of asymmetries in the flypaper effect for the Indonesian Municipalities. The flypaper effect, when an unconditional lump-sum grant to a municipal government increases spending in a greater proportion than an equivalent raise in municipal revenue. Using a panel of data on Indonesian municipalities covering the period 2000-2010, we also clear evidence of there is asymmetrical reactions. More precisely, the results suggest the presence of a fiscal replacement type of asymmetry: when grants grow, municipalities spend most of the additional revenue. Furthermore, when grants fall, spending is unaffected and municipalities compensate the loss through additional taxation.

  20. KEWAJIBAN BANK SYARIAH TERHADAP NASABAH PENYIMPAN DANA AKIBAT INGKAR JANJI MITRA

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    Sisca Ferawati Burhanuddin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Islamic Banking is a financial institution using the system for results in return. In shahibul maal of financing that invest capital and mudharib provide capacity and reputation to run the business and share in the results that, if there is a loss shahibul maal will lose their money, and the party will lose his labor mudharib in running the business. The Islamic banks as intermediaries for the parties should be neutral, fair, trustworthy, and responsible in terms of this cooperation. Method is a normative juridical approach namely legal research focuses on the study of secondary data. To strengthen in order to complement the analysis of secondary data, conducted field research to obtain primary data through interviews. Efforts are being made if there is a legal relationship three parties namely shahibul maal, Islamic banks, mudharib have indications of a loss is not limited to oversight, but the process of consensus, and Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR to achieve the objectives of cooperation in terms of rescue funds shahibul maal and business activities mudharib , Accountability Islamic Bank is the responsibility of the owner of the normative means in terms of funds requested mudharabah bank to channel funds directly to the business partners, the bank responsible for the extent of liability than the Islamic bank that is in the implementation of business partner management. While the moral responsibility must integrate moral values with economic measures based on sharia. Keywords: Responsibilities, Bank, Sharia, Default.

  1. TINJAUAN YURIDIS PARA PIHAK DALAM TRANSAKSI PENGAMBILAN ATAU TRANSFER DANA MELALUI MESIN ANJUNGAN TUNAI MANDIRI (ATM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augustinus Simanjuntak

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available According to civil code or Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW, article 1320, there are four legal conditions of business contract must be fulfilled by parties. One of condition is agreement. Based on this condition, the position of each parties must be equal at the same level. Besides, each parties must be exist and make effective communication before get in to that agreement. Commonly, every subjects in business transaction need dealing process first between one to another party, and than the parties goes to delivering or transfering the object of transaction. At least they have to know each other first if transaction will be implemented. But, this legal term is not fully found in one of banking transaction facilities that is automatic teller machine as we called Anjungan Tunai Mandiri (ATM. The legal issue which come out from this transaction system is particularly regarding to the subjects or parties. Every time the customer goes to ATM, she or he will not find another party existing there. It means that customer do transaction without presence of bank party. So, if ATM has broken and the balance in costumer account has decreased for debit, bank does not always liable for the costumer loss. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Menurut pasal 1320 Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata atau Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW, ada empat syarat sahnya suatu kontrak bisnis yang harus dipenuhi oleh para pihak. Salah satunya ialah kesepakatan. Berdasarkan syarat ini, posisi para pihak harus sejajar pada tingkat yang sama. Selain itu, masing-masing pihak harus eksis dan melakukan komunikasi yang efektif sebelum mencapai kesepakatan. Lazimnya, setiap subjek dalam transaksi bisnis membutuhkan proses persetujuan terlebih dahulu antara pihak yang satu dengan pihak lainnya, dan kemudian para pihak menuju pada penyerahan atau pemindahan objek transaksi. Paling tidak, mereka harus saling mengetahui bila transaksi akan dilaksanakan. Tetapi, syarat hukum ini tidak sepenuhnya ditemukan di salah satu fasilitas transaksi bank, yaitu automatic teller machine atau yang biasa disebut mesin Anjungan Tunai Mandiri (ATM. Permasalahan hukum yang timbul dari sistem transaksi ini adalah terkait dengan subjek atau para pihak. Setiap waktu nasabah pergi ke mesin ATM, ia tidak akan menemukan pihak lain berada di sana. Itu artinya bahwa nasabah melakukan transaksi tanpa kehadiran perwakilan pihak bank. Oleh karena itu, jika mesin ATM rusak dan saldo nasabah sudah berkurang karena sempat terdebet maka bank tidak selalu mau bertanggungjawab atas uang nasabah yang hilang itu. Kata kunci: transaksi, para pihak, kesepakatan, mesin ATM, kerugian nasabah.

  2. ARAH KEBIJAKAN PEMANFAATAN DAN PENYALURAN DANA PENDIDIKAN PADA ERA OTONOMI DAERAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwandi Suwandi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The purposes of this article are to reveal (1 the policy direction for the allocation and utilization of the education funding, and (2 the distribution model of the education budget from the goverenment to the schools in this local autonomy era. This research is based on literature study. The analysis results showed that (1 the policy direction for the allocation and utilization of education funding still need to be improved in case of its quantity to fulfill the mandate of Law No.20 Year 2003, i.e. 20% from State Budget (APBN and Local Budget (APBD excluding salaries and specific-administrative school, (2 Generally, the distribution model of education funding from the central government in the forms of block grant, deconcentration (including BOS/BKM and from the Ministry of Religious Affairs, Provincial Budgets and Local Budget were still feasible for the distribution of education funds to schools with several improvements, especially for the empowerment of the Provincial Education Department and the Education Department of City/ district to participate as an advisor and controller of the implementation of school programs. Keywords : education fund, local autonomy, block grants, deconcentration

  3. Composition, abundance and distribution of macrozooplankton in Culebra Bay, Gulf of Papagayo, Pacific coast of Costa Rica and its value as bioindicator of pollution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melinda Bednarski

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The abundance, distribution and composition of the macrozooplankton of Culebra Bay, Costa Rica (10º 38’ N - 85º 40’ W were studied at four stations throughout the dry (February - May and rainy (September - November seasons of 2000. The samples were collected at two-week intervals using a 500µm mesh net with a 0.5 m diameter opening. Copepods (23-31% and ostracods (20-34% were predominant throughout the year, followed by cladocerans (2.5-14%, zoea (6.6-9.5%, and siphonophores (2.5-7.2%. High densities of zooplankton were obtained in February and March with peak abundance on March 18. The lowest densities were observed on September 3 and November 5. Significant differences in abundances at each station were observed for the groups Acartia tonsa (Copepoda, Ctenophora, Medusae, Ostracoda, Zoea, and Amphipoda. Comparison of the dry and rainy seasons revealed significantly higher zooplankton abundance in the dry season and copepod domination of all stations; during the rainy season ostracods dominated the off-shore areas. Zooplankton abundance and distribution are influenced by upwelling, which occurs during the dry season in Culebra BayLa abundancia, distribución y composición del macrozooplancton fue estudiada en bahía Culebra Costa Rica (10º 38’ N and 85º 40’ W en cuatro estaciones durante la época seca (Febrero-Mayo y lluviosa (Setiembre - Noviembre del año 2000. Las muestras fueron colectadas en intervalos de dos semanas usando una red de 500µm de poro y 0.50-m de diámetro. Copépodos (23-31% y ostrácodos (20-34% fueron predominantes através del año, seguidos por los cladóceros (2.5-14%, zoea (6.6-9.5%, y sifonóforos (2.5-7.2%. Altas densidades de zooplancton fueron obtenidas en Febrero y Marzo, con un pico el 18 de Marzo. Las más bajas densidades fueron observadas el 3 de Septiembre y 5 de Noviembre. Se observaron diferencias significativas en las abundancias en cada estación para los copépodos de la especie Acartia

  4. Feeding preference and daily ration of 12 dominant copepods on mono and mixed diets of phytoplankton, rotifers, and detritus in a tropical coastal water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagadeesan, L; Jyothibabu, R; Arunpandi, N; Anjusha, A; Parthasarathi, S; Pandiyarajan, R S

    2017-09-11

    Results of the experimental studies on the feeding habit and daily ration (DR) of 12 dominant copepods from a tropical coastal water (off Kochi, Southwest coast of India) on different food items (phytoplankton, rotifers, and detritus) are presented. Even though, all species of copepods consumed all types of food items in the experiments, they showed noticeable feeding preferences, having important ecological implications. Calanoid Paracalanus parvus and Acrocalanus gracilis consumed phytoplankton and rotifers equally in mono diets (74-89% of DR) and mixed diets (53-82% of DR), which indicated their ability to shift their diet in natural environment based on the availability of food items. Calanoid Acartia erythraea and A. danae consumed more phytoplankton (DR 83 and 72%, respectively) than rotifers (DR 51 and 46%, respectively) in mono diets, and in mixed diets, their consumption was high in phytoplankton combined food mixtures (P + R DR and P + D DR) rather than the R + D food type, indicated their preference for mixed diets of phytoplankton. Similarly, Calanoid Temora turbinata, Pseudodiaptomus serricaudatus, and Centropages tenuiremis preferred a herbivorous diet as evidenced by their high ingestion rate on phytoplankton mono (70 to 87% to their DR) and mixed diets (58 to 80% of DR). On the other hand, Cyclopoid Oithona similis and Poecilostomatoid Corycaeus danae preferred a carnivorous diet, consuming more rotifers (> 80% of DR) than phytoplankton (18-20% of DR) and detritus (5-6% of DR). Harpacticoids Macrosetella gracilis and Euterpina acutifrons equally preferred phytoplankton (78-92% of DR) and detritus (65-89% of DR). The study showed that the dominant copepods in the coastal waters off Kochi occupy different trophic niches available in the environment, which may be applicable in other similar environments as well.

  5. Feeding behaviour of the hydromedusa Aequorea vitrina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans Ulrik RiisgÅrd

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The prey-capture mechanism of the hydromedusa Aequorea vitrina was studied by means of laboratory video-microscope observations. In stagnant water A. vitrina remains stationary with its very long (about 4x bell diameter marginal tentacles motionless hanging down in the water, ready for ambush capture of prey organisms that collide with the tentacles. A. vitrina was found to be efficient at capturing brine shrimps (Artemia salina, less efficient at capturing rotifers (Brachionus plicatilis, and very inefficient at capturing copepods (Acartia tonsa. The initial hauling up of an extended marginal tentacle with an adhering prey is fast (>10 mm s-1. Both the bell margin and the mouth move towards each other so that the captured prey can be transferred from the tentacle to the elongated mouth-lips to be further transported into the mouth and stomach. It takes about 20 s from when an Artemia prey organism encounters a tentacle until it is transferred to the mouth-lips. The subsequent digestion in the stomach takes about 30 min. When A. vitrina encounters a jellyfish-prey (a small medusa of Aurelia aurita, it starts to swim in order to adhere the relatively big prey to its mouth-lips. Then A. vitrina opens its mouth wide to swallow the captured medusa, a process which takes about 15 to 20 min. The subsequent digestion takes 2 to 3 h. Field observations of undisturbed A. vitrina made by snorkelling in the Limfjord (Denmark revealed that the feeding behaviour was similar to that observed in the laboratory in stagnant water. It is concluded that A. vitrina is an ambush-predator, and not a cruising-predatory medusa as previously suggested.

  6. Effect of ocean acidification on the nutritional quality of phytoplankton for copepod reproduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, M.; Cochlan, W. P.; Kimmerer, W.; Carpenter, E. J.

    2016-02-01

    Phytoplankton are the oceans' primary producers of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), which provide marine organisms with nutrients needed for health and reproduction. It is hypothesized that future ocean acidification (OA) conditions could change the availability of phytoplankton PUFAs for ecologically significant predators such as copepods, affecting their reproductive success. Three species of phytoplankton (Rhodomonas salina, Skeletonema marinoi, Prorocentrum micans) were cultured under present-day (400ppm CO2, pH 8.1) and predicted future (1000ppm CO2, pH 7.8) oceanic conditions. For four days, female Acartia tonsa copepods were fed a phytoplankton mixture from either the present-day or predicted-future treatment. To assess changes in phytoplankton PUFA content, fatty acid profiles were analyzed via capillary gas chromatography. Copepod egg production (EP), hatching success (HS), and egg viability (EV) were determined to assess copepod reproductive success. Fatty acid analysis shows essential PUFAs comprise a smaller percentage of total fatty acids in phytoplankton cultured under high pCO2 (Rho 21.5%; Ske 14.1%; Pro 14.4%) compared to those cultured under present-day pCO2 (Rho 28.8%, Ske 32.7%, Pro 39.3%). Copepod reproduction data demonstrate that females fed phytoplankton cultured under high pCO2 have significantly lower EP (μ=14.3 eggs female-1), HS (μ=35.8%), and EV (μ=12.5%) compared to reproductive success of females fed phytoplankton cultured under present-day CO2 (EP μ=27.0 eggs female-1; HS μ=91.5%; EV μ=96.6%). This study demonstrates that OA can change the nutritional quality of primary producers, which can affect the reproductive success of fundamental secondary consumers.

  7. Ocean acidification-induced food quality deterioration constrains trophic transfer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis Rossoll

    Full Text Available Our present understanding of ocean acidification (OA impacts on marine organisms caused by rapidly rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO(2 concentration is almost entirely limited to single species responses. OA consequences for food web interactions are, however, still unknown. Indirect OA effects can be expected for consumers by changing the nutritional quality of their prey. We used a laboratory experiment to test potential OA effects on algal fatty acid (FA composition and resulting copepod growth. We show that elevated CO(2 significantly changed the FA concentration and composition of the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana, which constrained growth and reproduction of the copepod Acartia tonsa. A significant decline in both total FAs (28.1 to 17.4 fg cell(-1 and the ratio of long-chain polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids (PUFA:SFA of food algae cultured under elevated (750 µatm compared to present day (380 µatm pCO(2 was directly translated to copepods. The proportion of total essential FAs declined almost tenfold in copepods and the contribution of saturated fatty acids (SFAs tripled at high CO(2. This rapid and reversible CO(2-dependent shift in FA concentration and composition caused a decrease in both copepod somatic growth and egg production from 34 to 5 eggs female(-1 day(-1. Because the diatom-copepod link supports some of the most productive ecosystems in the world, our study demonstrates that OA can have far-reaching consequences for ocean food webs by changing the nutritional quality of essential macromolecules in primary producers that cascade up the food web.

  8. Ocean acidification-induced food quality deterioration constrains trophic transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossoll, Dennis; Bermúdez, Rafael; Hauss, Helena; Schulz, Kai G; Riebesell, Ulf; Sommer, Ulrich; Winder, Monika

    2012-01-01

    Our present understanding of ocean acidification (OA) impacts on marine organisms caused by rapidly rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO(2)) concentration is almost entirely limited to single species responses. OA consequences for food web interactions are, however, still unknown. Indirect OA effects can be expected for consumers by changing the nutritional quality of their prey. We used a laboratory experiment to test potential OA effects on algal fatty acid (FA) composition and resulting copepod growth. We show that elevated CO(2) significantly changed the FA concentration and composition of the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana, which constrained growth and reproduction of the copepod Acartia tonsa. A significant decline in both total FAs (28.1 to 17.4 fg cell(-1)) and the ratio of long-chain polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids (PUFA:SFA) of food algae cultured under elevated (750 µatm) compared to present day (380 µatm) pCO(2) was directly translated to copepods. The proportion of total essential FAs declined almost tenfold in copepods and the contribution of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) tripled at high CO(2). This rapid and reversible CO(2)-dependent shift in FA concentration and composition caused a decrease in both copepod somatic growth and egg production from 34 to 5 eggs female(-1) day(-1). Because the diatom-copepod link supports some of the most productive ecosystems in the world, our study demonstrates that OA can have far-reaching consequences for ocean food webs by changing the nutritional quality of essential macromolecules in primary producers that cascade up the food web.

  9. Feast or flee: bioelectrical regulation of feeding and predator evasion behaviors in the planktonic alveolate Favella sp. (Spirotrichia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echevarria, Michael L; Wolfe, Gordon V; Taylor, Alison R

    2016-02-01

    Alveolate (ciliates and dinoflagellates) grazers are integral components of the marine food web and must therefore be able to sense a range of mechanical and chemical signals produced by prey and predators, integrating them via signal transduction mechanisms to respond with effective prey capture and predator evasion behaviors. However, the sensory biology of alveolate grazers is poorly understood. Using novel techniques that combine electrophysiological measurements and high-speed videomicroscopy, we investigated the sensory biology of Favella sp., a model alveolate grazer, in the context of its trophic ecology. Favella sp. produced frequent rhythmic depolarizations (∼500 ms long) that caused backward swimming and are responsible for endogenous swimming patterns relevant to foraging. Contact of both prey cells and non-prey polystyrene microspheres at the cilia produced immediate mechanostimulated depolarizations (∼500 ms long) that caused backward swimming, and likely underlie aggregative swimming patterns of Favella sp. in response to patches of prey. Contact of particles at the peristomal cavity that were not suitable for ingestion resulted in depolarizations after a lag of ∼600 ms, allowing time for particles to be processed before rejection. Ingestion of preferred prey particles was accompanied by transient hyperpolarizations (∼1 s) that likely regulate this step of the feeding process. Predation attempts by the copepod Acartia tonsa elicited fast (∼20 ms) animal-like action potentials accompanied by rapid contraction of the cell to avoid predation. We have shown that the sensory mechanisms of Favella sp. are finely tuned to the type, location, and intensity of stimuli from prey and predators. © 2016. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

  10. Descriptions of Acartia (Euacartia) southwelli Sewell 1914 and A. (Euacartia) sarojus n.sp. from India and status of the subgenus Euacartia Steuer 1923

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Madhupratap, M.; Haridas, P

    stream_size 8 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Hydrobiologia_292-293_67.pdf.txt stream_source_info Hydrobiologia_292-293_67.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  11. Pengaruh Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU), Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK), Belanja Langsung, dan Pendapatan Perkapita Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Sebagai Variabel Moderating Jumlah Penduduk Pada Pemerintahan Kabupaten/Kota Provinsi Aceh

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Imam Rizky Anwar

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study to examine General Allocation Fund, Special Allocation Fund, Direct Expenditure, and Gross Domestic Product with Total Population as the moderating variable to The Effect Of The Economic Growth in District/city Province Aceh from the period 2010-2013. The design research in this minithesis is using causal associative design, with 9 cities as the sample each year of the 18 cities in Province Aceh from the period 2010-2013. This research utilizes secondary data. The...

  12. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Perimbangan, Dana Bantuan Keuangan Provinsi terhadap Indeks Pembangunan Manusia dengan Jumlah Penduduk sebagai Variabel Moderating pada Pemerintahan Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Sumatera Utara

    OpenAIRE

    Siagian, Wenny Novianty

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to determine whether Regional Revenue, Balanced Budget and Provincial Financing Fund effect on the Human Development Index either partially or simultaneously. In addition, this study also analyzes whether the Population as moderating variable can strengthen or weaken the influence of Regional Revenue, Balanced Budget and Provincial Financing Fund on the Human Development Index. The population of this research is the districts or cities administration of North S...

  13. Nota sobre o transporte de krill (euphausia superba Dana vivo da antártica para o Brasil Note on the transportation of a live krill (Euphausia superba Dana from Antartic to Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Ngan Phan

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available É apresentado nesta nota experimento sobre o transporte do krill vivo da Antartica para o Brasil, realizado durante a V Expedição Brasileira à Antártica, verão 1986-1987. O sistema de aquário utilizado e a mortalidade do krill em função do tempo e de outros eventos durante o experimento são descritos. A importância deste experimento para o desenvolvimento do estudo experimental do krill é discutida.In this note an experiment on transportation of alive krill from the Antarctica to Brazil during the V Brazilian Expedition to the Antarcticas austral summer 1986-198?3 was reported. The aquarium system and the krill mortality in function of time and other events dur-lng the experiment were described. The importance of this experiment for the development of experimental studies of krill was discussed.

  14. Implementasi Pemanfaatan dan Pengelolaan Keuangan Dana Kapitasi JKN oleh Fasilitas Kesehatan Tingkat Pertama (FKTP) Pemerintah Kota Kotamobagu

    OpenAIRE

    Mokodompit, Rinny Fadlilah; Saerang, David Paul Elia; Manossoh, Hendrik

    2017-01-01

    . The Implementation of National Health Insurance (NHI) has been started in Indonesia since 2014. BPJS Health has been appointed as the organizer of NHI and First-rate Health Facilities as the implementers of NHI. In its implementation, FRHF will obtain direct payment from BPJS which will be paid in advance without taking into account the type and amount of health services provided known as NHI capitation fund. The utilisation and management of NHI capitation funds by FRHF municipal governmen...

  15. Linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery for brainstem metastases: the Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Paul J; Lin, Yijie Brittany; Yu, Alvin Y C; Ropper, Alexander E; Nguyen, Paul L; Marcus, Karen J; Hacker, Fred L; Weiss, Stephanie E

    2011-09-01

    To review the safety and efficacy of linear accelerator-based stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for brainstem metastases. We reviewed all patients with brain metastases treated with SRS at DF/BWCC from 2001 to 2009 to identify patients who had SRS to a single brainstem metastasis. Overall survival and freedom-from-local failure rates were calculated from the date of SRS using the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors were evaluated using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model. A total of 24 consecutive patients with brainstem metastases had SRS. At the time of SRS, 21/24 had metastatic lesions elsewhere within the brain. 23/24 had undergone prior WBRT. Primary diagnoses included eight NSCLC, eight breast cancer, three melanoma, three renal cell carcinoma and two others. Median dose was 13 Gy (range, 8-16). One patient had fractionated SRS 5 Gy ×5. Median target volume was 0.2 cc (range, 0.02-2.39). The median age was 57 years (range, 42-92). Follow-up information was available in 22/24 cases. At the time of analysis, 18/22 patients (82%) had died. The median overall survival time was 5.3 months (range, 0.8-21.1 months). The only prognostic factor that trended toward statistical significance for overall survival was the absence of synchronous brain metastasis at the time of SRS; 1-year overall survival was 31% with versus 67% without synchronous brain metastasis (log rank P = 0.11). Non-significant factors included primary tumor histology and status of extracranial disease (progressing vs. stable/absent). Local failure occurred in 4/22 cases (18%). Actuarial freedom from local failure for all cases was 78.6% at 1 year. RTOG grade 3 toxicities were recorded in two patients (ataxia, confusion). Linac-based SRS for small volume brainstem metastases using a median dose of 13 Gy is associated with acceptable local control and low morbidity.

  16. ANALISIS SISTEM PERBENDAHARAAN DAN ANGGARAN NEGARA (SPAN DALAM PROSES PENCAIRAN DANA APBN PADA KANTOR PELAYANAN PERBENDAHARAAN NEGARA JAKARTA II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tridasa Novany Wijaya

    2017-10-01

    The results of data analysis indicate that there are various obstacles in the process of disbursement of APBN funds in the work unit in the payment area of KPPN Jakarta II. The things that are analyzed are the volume of disbursement APBN funds, the quality of disbursement APBN funds, and the business process of disbursement APBN funds which then is reduced to the formulation of the policy against the constraints and problems faced in the process of disbursement of funds in the State Budget at KPPN Jakarta II. Keywords: disbursement of funds, SPAN, work unit, Jakarta II

  17. Some effects of temperature, chlorine, and copper on the survival and growth of the coon stripe shrimp, Pandalus danae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gibson, C.I.; Thatcher, T.O.; Apts, C.W.

    1975-03-01

    The CTM (Critical Thermal Maxima) values for coon stripe shrimp increase with an increase in shrimp size. The CTM values for coon strip shrimp increase with an increase in the rate at which the temperature is elevated. Coon stripe shrimp are more resistant to chlorine when acclimated and exposed at 7.5 0 C-10 0 C than (a) when acclimated at 7.5 0 C and exposed at 15 0 C or 20 0 C, or when (b) acclimated and exposed at 15 0 C which is near their optimum short-term growth temperature (16 0 C). The optimal growing temperature for (1 to 7g) coon stripe shrimp for periods up to one month is 16 0 C. Copper at a concentration of 0.04 mg/l effectively retards the growth of (1-2g) coon stripe shrimp at 16 0 C over a one-month period. Chlorine at a concentration of 0.18 mg/l is lethal to (1-2g) coon stripe shrimp at 16 0 C and reduced their growth at 0.08 mg/l over a one-month period. (U.S.)

  18. Effect of Elevated Carbon Dioxide on Two Scleractinian Corals: Porites cylindrica (Dana, 1846 and Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yii-Siang Hii

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study reveals the effect of elevated pCO2 on Porites cylindrica and Galaxea fascicularis. The corals responded differently under elevated pCO2. Zooxanthellae cell density, cell mitotic index, and photosynthesis rate of P. cylindrica decreased drastically under the elevated pCO2. At the end of the experiment, P. cylindrica suffered from a declining calcium carbonate precipitation rate. G. fascicularis increased its respiration rate and expelled 71% of its symbiotic zooxanthellae algae under elevated pCO2. Photosynthetic pigments in the remaining zooxanthellae algae increased from 1.85 to 11.5 times to sustain its photosynthetic outputs. At the end of the experiment, G. fascicularis managed to increase the rate of its calcium carbonate precipitation. Increase pCO2 in the atmosphere may affect species diversity of coral reefs.

  19. Effect of diatom morphology on the small-scale behavior of the copepod Temora stylifera (Dana, 1849)

    KAUST Repository

    Mahadik, Gauri A.; Castellani, Claudia; Mazzocchi, Maria Grazia

    2017-01-01

    We explored the small-scale behavior of the calanoid copepod Temora stylifera in relation to the diatoms Chaetoceros socialis, Leptocylindrus aporus, Leptocylindrus danicus and Pseudo-nitzschia calliantha offered as monospecific diets at similar carbon concentrations. These four diatoms are characterized by distinct size, shape and colony forming ability and are important components of the autumnal bloom co-occurring with the seasonal peak of T. stylifera abundance in Mediterranean coastal waters. High-speed video recordings showed that T. stylifera acquired cells in a suspension feeding mode while creating feeding currents. Copepod behavior was quantified in terms of feeding, motion, and grooming activities. T. stylifera spent more time in hovering than cruising in presence of all diets. The solitary L. aporus and P. calliantha elicited longer feeding bouts, lower appendage beat frequency and shorter grooming events compared to the colonial L. danicus and C. socialis. Overall the present results indicate that the behavioral responses of T. stylifera to different diatom diets were species-specific. The observed behavioral plasticity may help T. stylifera to adjust rapidly to changes in the food environment and this can be advantageous in exploiting short-lived phytoplankton blooms.

  20. ANALISA PELAKSANAAN PENYALURAN DANA BERGULIR SIMPAN PINJAM PEREMPUAN PROGRAM PNPM-MP DI KECAMATAN V KOTO TIMUR KABUPATEN PADANG PARIAMAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulihardi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Koto Timur sub-district of Padang Pariaman, revolving funds by the women's savings and loans to Group Activity Management Unit and analyzing the effect of channeling funds to changes in income. The research method with a descriptive approach to the analysis based on the technical guidance of the PNPM-MP by the Directorate General of Community and Village Year 2008 and regression. The population in this study is the whole group SPP in District V East Koto with 74 members on 3 Nagari, with a sample of 30 people. Results of socialization that understanding of the goals and objectives of the PNPM-MP as much as 63.33%, while 36.67% of them do not understand, from the aspect of the use of funds 70% of the group is the recipient of poor households (RTM and 30% are not poor households (non-RTM. 66.67% of the group receiving states can increase revenues increased 33.33% said no. Refunds showed 83.33% and 16.67% current substandard. Members who obtained a loan (SPP, 80% stated that their efforts receive guidance / assistance of the technical team and the facilitator. There was no significant effect of the amount of lending revolving fund SPP in increased revenues members of the group. Suggested improvements in the implementation of programs in the field, especially in the dissemination to the public, especially to members of the group and that the board is more selective and better yet in selecting loan recipients in assessing the feasibility of the business.

  1. Pengaruh Cash Turnover, Loan to Deposit Ratio, Capit al Adequacy Ratio, dan Dana Pihak Ketiga terhadap Profitabilitas LPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Cahyadi Sujana

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The  purpose of  this  study  was  to  determine  the  effect  of   cash  turnover ,  loan  to  deposit  ratio,   capi tal adequacyrat io,  and  third-party  funds  to  the profi tabil ity  of  Lembaga  Perkreditan  Desa  (LPD  in  Denpasar  2010-2012.Thi s study  used observasion  method is to study and look at the  financial statements of  the LPD  period 2010-2012  and  found  a  sample  of   34  LPD.  This  study  found  that  the  cash  turnover ,  loan  to  deposit  ratio  and  capi taladequacy  rat io  by  part ial  signi ficant  positive  effect  on  the  profitability  of  LPD  in  Denpasar  2010-2012.Meanwhile,  third-party funds  significant negat ive effect   on  the  profitabili ty of   LPD in Denpasar  2010-2012.

  2. Written Corrective Feedback in L2 Writing: Connors & Lunsford (1988); Lunsford & Lunsford (2008); Lalande (1982) Dana Ferris

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferris, Dana

    2015-01-01

    Written corrective feedback (CF) has been the most heavily researched topic in second language (L2) writing over the past 20 years. As a recent research timeline article in this journal (Ferris 2012; see also Bitchener & Ferris 2012) shows, studies of error correction in student writing have crossed disciplines (composition and rhetoric,…

  3. Effect of diatom morphology on the small-scale behavior of the copepod Temora stylifera (Dana, 1849)

    KAUST Repository

    Mahadik, Gauri A.

    2017-05-12

    We explored the small-scale behavior of the calanoid copepod Temora stylifera in relation to the diatoms Chaetoceros socialis, Leptocylindrus aporus, Leptocylindrus danicus and Pseudo-nitzschia calliantha offered as monospecific diets at similar carbon concentrations. These four diatoms are characterized by distinct size, shape and colony forming ability and are important components of the autumnal bloom co-occurring with the seasonal peak of T. stylifera abundance in Mediterranean coastal waters. High-speed video recordings showed that T. stylifera acquired cells in a suspension feeding mode while creating feeding currents. Copepod behavior was quantified in terms of feeding, motion, and grooming activities. T. stylifera spent more time in hovering than cruising in presence of all diets. The solitary L. aporus and P. calliantha elicited longer feeding bouts, lower appendage beat frequency and shorter grooming events compared to the colonial L. danicus and C. socialis. Overall the present results indicate that the behavioral responses of T. stylifera to different diatom diets were species-specific. The observed behavioral plasticity may help T. stylifera to adjust rapidly to changes in the food environment and this can be advantageous in exploiting short-lived phytoplankton blooms.

  4. MODEL PERTANGGUNGJAWABAN HUKUM DANA BANTUAN ORANG TUA MURID PADA RSBI (STUDI KASUS SMPN RSBI DI KABUPATEN BOYOLALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titin Marlina

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to identify the model of legal liability for the budget from the students’ parents in the international program of state junior high school level. The specific obtives of this study include three issues, namely: (1 the implementation of legal liability model for budget management derived students’ parents, (2 the compli- ance of legal liability model with the normative provisions rule of Regional autonomy legislation, education system law, and the provision of local financial management, (3 how to formulate the legal liability model is so applicable and in accordance with the provisions. This research was conducted at SMPN I and II Boyolali. The data analysis technique used was descriptive and predictive. The research findings are as follows: ( 1 there is no basic standards in the financial management legislations, ( 2 management of the funds do not have compliance with the rules of regional autonomy laws, and provision of local financial management, (3 the legal liability model used is a model of financial management in one way through the establishment of local regulation on APBD and accountability of budget legislation (APBD by the Bupati, which is based on the involvement of parents partisipation either directly or through a committee, in the plan- ning stages.

  5. Zooplankton biomass and abundance of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba DANA in Indian Ocean sector of the southern ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ingole, B.S.; Parulekar, A.H.

    Zooplankton sampling was carried out during the first six Indian Scientific Expeditions to Antarctica (1981-1987) to estimate krill abundance in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean (between 35 to 70 degrees S and 10 to 52 degrees E). This study...

  6. Effects of the burrowing crab Chasmagnathus granulata (Dana on meiofauna of estuarine intertidal habitats of Patos Lagoon, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Cruz Rosa

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the burrowing crab Chasmagnathus granulata on meiofauna at three intertidal habitats across a tidal exposure gradient (i.e., an emerged salt marsh, an emerged mudflat and a submerged mudflat in an estuarine embayment of Patos Lagoon, Southern Brazil. Meiofauna community was dominated by nematodes and ostracods, following by copepods and turbellarians. Densities of all studied organisms varied significantly among habitats. Highest values were observed in submerged mudflat while lower in salt marsh. Nematodes were unaffected by crab in either habitat, whereas ostracod, copepod and turbellarian densities were significantly lower in disturbed than control areas in both mudflat habitats. Any meiofaunal group was affected in salt marsh, probably due to a less intense disturbance. The results showed that the burrowing crab C. granulata could play an important role on meiofauna community structure in estuarine intertidal habitats of Patos Lagoon, because crab disturbance seemed to affect mainly surface populations, especially in mudflat. However, the meiofauna response to crab disturbance was variable among habitats depending of the intensity and the frequency of the disturbance.Este trabalho avalia os efeitos do caranguejo Chasmagnathus granulata sobre a meiofauna em três ambientes intermareais, durante um prolongado período de exposição (uma marisma emersa, um plano de lama emerso e outro submerso, numa enseada estuarina da Lagoa dos Patos. Nematódeos e ostrácodes foram os organismos dominantes, seguidos por copépodes e turbelários. As densidades dos organismos variam significativamente entre os hábitats. As maiores densidades foram registradas no plano de lama submerso e as menores na marisma. Os nematódeos não foram afetados pelo caranguejo em nenhum hábitat. As densidades dos ostrácodes, copépodes e turbelários foram significativamente menores nos sedimentos perturbados do que nas áreas controles de ambos os planos de lama. Nenhum efeito foi observado na marisma, provavelmente devido a uma menor intensidade de perturbação. Os resultados obtidos mostram que o caranguejo C. granulata pode ter importante papel sobre a estrutura da meiofauna em ambientes intermareais do estuário da Lagoa dos Patos. No entanto, a perturbação causada por este caranguejo parece afetar essencialmente organismos superficiais e, em especial nos planos de lama. Adicionalmente, a resposta da meiofauna à perturbação variou entre os hábitats, dependendo da intensidade e freqüência da perturbação.

  7. Latest research results on the effects of nanomaterials on humans and the environment: DaNa – Knowledge Base Nanomaterials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marquardt, C; Nau, K; Kühnel, D; Richter, V; Krug, H F; Mathes, B; Steinbach, C

    2013-01-01

    Nanotechnology is considered one of the key technologies of the 21st century. The success of this fascinating technology is based on its versatility. It will bring about fundamental changes of basic research as well as of many sectors of industry and also of daily life from electronics to the health care system. However, consumers often miss reliable and understandable information on nanomaterials and all aspects of this versatile technology. A huge body of data on the potential hazards of nanoobjects towards human and environmental health already exists, but is either not easily accessible for a broad audience or presented unprocessable for nonexperts. But risk communication is an essential and thus integral component of risk management. For that purpose, the DaNa-Project aims at filling this gap by collecting and evaluating scientific results in an interdisciplinary approach with scientists from different research areas, such as human and environmental toxicology, biology, physics, chemistry, and sociology. Research findings from the field of human and environmental nanotoxicology are being prepared and presented together with material properties and possible applications for interested laymen and stakeholders. For the evaluation of literature a 'Literature Criteria Checklist' has been developed as well as a Standard Operation Procedure template (SOP) based on careful scientific practice.

  8. Strategi Penghimpunan dan Penyaluran Dana pada Baitul Maal Wat Tamwil (BMT al-Hidayah di Kabupaten Lombok Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanwani Sanwani

    2017-04-01

    Results of research on how the collection and distribution of funds strategy in BMT al-Hidayah which are coming directly to the place of prospective customers, social care, marketing, and promotion of the brochures that were disseminated to the public.Strategy, BMT Product, Marketing

  9. The chronic toxicity of molybdate to marine organisms. I. Generating reliable effects data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heijerick, D.G.; Regoli, L.; Stubblefield, W.

    2012-01-01

    A scientific research program was initiated by the International Molybdenum Association (IMOA) which addressed identified gaps in the environmental toxicity data for the molybdate ion (MoO 4 2− ). These gaps were previously identified during the preparation of EU-REACH-dossiers for different molybdenum compounds (European Union regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances; EC, 2006). Evaluation of the open literature identified few reliable marine ecotoxicological data that could be used for deriving a Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) for the marine environment. Rather than calculating a PNEC marine using the assessment factor methodology on a combined freshwater/marine dataset, IMOA decided to generate sufficient reliable marine chronic data to permit derivation of a PNEC by means of the more scientifically robust species sensitivity distribution (SSD) approach (also called the statistical extrapolation approach). Nine test species were chronically exposed to molybdate (added as sodium molybdate dihydrate, Na 2 MoO 4 ·2H 2 O) according to published standard testing guidelines that are acceptable for a broad range of regulatory purposes. The selected test organisms were representative for typical marine trophic levels: micro-algae/diatom (Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Dunaliella tertiolecta), macro-alga (Ceramium tenuicorne), mysids (Americamysis bahia), copepod (Acartia tonsa), fish (Cyprinodon variegatus), echinoderms (Dendraster exentricus, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) and molluscs (Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas). Available NOEC/EC 10 levels ranged between 4.4 mg Mo/L (blue mussel M. edulis) and 1174 mg Mo/L (oyster C. gigas). Using all available reliable marine chronic effects data that are currently available, a HC 5,50% (median hazardous concentration affecting 5% of the species) of 5.74 (mg Mo)/L was derived with the statistical extrapolation approach, a value that can be used for national and

  10. The chronic toxicity of molybdate to marine organisms. I. Generating reliable effects data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heijerick, D.G., E-mail: Dagobert.heijerick@arche-consulting.be [ARCHE - Assessing Risks of Chemicals, Stapelplein 70 Bus 104, Gent (Belgium); Regoli, L. [International Molybdenum Association, 4 Heathfield Terrace, London, W4 4JE (United Kingdom); Stubblefield, W. [Oregon State University, Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, 421 Weniger Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States)

    2012-07-15

    A scientific research program was initiated by the International Molybdenum Association (IMOA) which addressed identified gaps in the environmental toxicity data for the molybdate ion (MoO{sub 4}{sup 2-}). These gaps were previously identified during the preparation of EU-REACH-dossiers for different molybdenum compounds (European Union regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances; EC, 2006). Evaluation of the open literature identified few reliable marine ecotoxicological data that could be used for deriving a Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) for the marine environment. Rather than calculating a PNEC{sub marine} using the assessment factor methodology on a combined freshwater/marine dataset, IMOA decided to generate sufficient reliable marine chronic data to permit derivation of a PNEC by means of the more scientifically robust species sensitivity distribution (SSD) approach (also called the statistical extrapolation approach). Nine test species were chronically exposed to molybdate (added as sodium molybdate dihydrate, Na{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O) according to published standard testing guidelines that are acceptable for a broad range of regulatory purposes. The selected test organisms were representative for typical marine trophic levels: micro-algae/diatom (Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Dunaliella tertiolecta), macro-alga (Ceramium tenuicorne), mysids (Americamysis bahia), copepod (Acartia tonsa), fish (Cyprinodon variegatus), echinoderms (Dendraster exentricus, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) and molluscs (Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas). Available NOEC/EC{sub 10} levels ranged between 4.4 mg Mo/L (blue mussel M. edulis) and 1174 mg Mo/L (oyster C. gigas). Using all available reliable marine chronic effects data that are currently available, a HC{sub 5,50%} (median hazardous concentration affecting 5% of the species) of 5.74 (mg Mo)/L was derived with the statistical extrapolation approach, a

  11. LEVEL OF TOXICITY WATER AREA «TULENIY» AS A RESULT OF BIOASSAY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. F. Sokolsky

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To determine the toxicity of marine waters area " tuleniy ".Location. Area " tuleniy ".Methods. Determining the level of toxicity of marine waters area "seal" method for biological testing was conducted according tothe guidelines approved by the Ministry of natural resources (guidance on the definition of ..., 2002; Dolzhenko, 1978. Guide prepared by the Center for Russian register of hydraulic structures and the state water cadastre of the MNR of Russia jointly with specialists of the Institute Committee of Russia and the UNION of ecological problems of the Ministry of Ukraine. The basis of the proposed system of marine toxicity biotests based on the results of generalization of experimental research based on the problem of pollution of water bodies and numerous literature data, making it possible to identify features of the response of aquatic organisms of different taxonomic groups to toxic impurities of different nature and origin. Experimental studies were conducted on the culture of marine unicellular algae Phaeodactylum tricornutum on planktonic crustacea Acartia tonsa, the larvae of the chironomid Chironomus gr.salinarius and juvenile guppies Poecillia reticulata Peters.Results. Comparative analysis of the results of research from 2001 to 2006 showed no acute toxic effect on the test object zooplankton and phytoplanton.Main conclusions. Throughout the study period (2001-2003, 2005-2006, you must allocate the spring of 2002, when it was recorded,the average of the lowest five years of research, the level of toxicity of water for the analyzed area.Considering the results of biological testing of the surveyed area by periods, it should be noted that the average level of toxicity of the waters did not undergo significant changes and were on the same level, not exceeding 17,6% (table. 1. According to the classification shown in table 2, the water in the surveyed area is assessed as "non-toxic".

  12. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: A test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Penha-Lopes, G.; Torres, P.; Cannicci, S.

    2011-01-01

    Tropical coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, have a great ecological and socioeconomic importance for adjacent systems and local populations, but intensive environmental impact monitoring is still lacking, mainly in East Africa. This study evaluated the potential anthropogenic disturbance...... on Palaemon concinnus population structure and fitness. Palaemon concinnus populations from one pen-urban (domestic sewage impacted) and two pristine mangrove creeks were studied by sampling nearly 100 shrimps per location every 15 days for 12 months. The shrimps at the pen-urban location were larger......, experienced longer reproductive periods, presented higher proportion of ovigerous females and better embryo quality when compared with shrimps inhabiting pristine locations. Physiological indices (RNA/DNA ratio) were similar between shrimps at pristine and pen-urban mangroves. However, a higher level...

  13. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: A test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Penha-Lopes, Gil; Torres, Paulo; Cannicci, Stefano; Narciso, Luis; Paula, Jose

    2011-01-01

    Tropical coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, have a great ecological and socioeconomic importance for adjacent systems and local populations, but intensive environmental impact monitoring is still lacking, mainly in East Africa. This study evaluated the potential anthropogenic disturbance on Palaemon concinnus population structure and fitness. Palaemon concinnus populations from one peri-urban (domestic sewage impacted) and two pristine mangrove creeks were studied by sampling nearly 100 shrimps per location every 15 days for 12 months. The shrimps at the peri-urban location were larger, experienced longer reproductive periods, presented higher proportion of ovigerous females and better embryo quality when compared with shrimps inhabiting pristine locations. Physiological indices (RNA/DNA ratio) were similar between shrimps at pristine and peri-urban mangroves. However, a higher level of parasitation by a Bopyridae isopod, Pseudione elongata indicated some degree of stress on the host at the peri-urban mangrove, with potential effects on the host population dynamics. -Research highlights: → Domestic sewage discharges at low concentrations increase fauna mangrove population parameters, due to the nutrient limitations. → Shrimps in the peri-urban mangrove location were larger, had longer reproductive periods, higher ovigerous females proportions and better embryo. → Physiological indice analysis (RNA/DNA ratio) between pristine and peri-urban mangroves. → Within the peri-urban mangrove, high levels of parasitation by Pseudionee longata caused stress and potential effects on the host population dynamics. → The effects of sewage on P. concinnus population increased the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal water. - The identification of the effects of the peri-urban conditions on P. concinnus increases the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal waters.

  14. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: A test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penha-Lopes, Gil, E-mail: gil.penha-lopes@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark); Torres, Paulo, E-mail: biol.paulo@gmail.co [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Cannicci, Stefano, E-mail: stefano.cannicci@unifi.i [Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, via Romana 17, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Narciso, Luis, E-mail: lfnarciso@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Paula, Jose, E-mail: jppaula@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal)

    2011-02-15

    Tropical coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, have a great ecological and socioeconomic importance for adjacent systems and local populations, but intensive environmental impact monitoring is still lacking, mainly in East Africa. This study evaluated the potential anthropogenic disturbance on Palaemon concinnus population structure and fitness. Palaemon concinnus populations from one peri-urban (domestic sewage impacted) and two pristine mangrove creeks were studied by sampling nearly 100 shrimps per location every 15 days for 12 months. The shrimps at the peri-urban location were larger, experienced longer reproductive periods, presented higher proportion of ovigerous females and better embryo quality when compared with shrimps inhabiting pristine locations. Physiological indices (RNA/DNA ratio) were similar between shrimps at pristine and peri-urban mangroves. However, a higher level of parasitation by a Bopyridae isopod, Pseudione elongata indicated some degree of stress on the host at the peri-urban mangrove, with potential effects on the host population dynamics. -Research highlights: Domestic sewage discharges at low concentrations increase fauna mangrove population parameters, due to the nutrient limitations. Shrimps in the peri-urban mangrove location were larger, had longer reproductive periods, higher ovigerous females proportions and better embryo. Physiological indice analysis (RNA/DNA ratio) between pristine and peri-urban mangroves. Within the peri-urban mangrove, high levels of parasitation by Pseudionee longata caused stress and potential effects on the host population dynamics. The effects of sewage on P. concinnus population increased the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal water. - The identification of the effects of the peri-urban conditions on P. concinnus increases the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal waters.

  15. The coral genus Caulastraea Dana, 1846 (Scleractinia, Merulinidae) as a new host for gall crabs (Decapoda, Cryptochiridae), with the description of Lithoscaptus tuerkayi sp. nov.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Meij, Sancia E. T.

    2017-01-01

    A new gall crab species is described from the stony coral genus Caulastraea, a new host coral genus for Cryptochiridae crabs. Specimens were collected during fieldwork off Kudat (Malaysian Borneo) and Okinawa (Japan). Further material was retrieved from the collections of the Institute of

  16. Directional wave and temperature data from three buoys at San Nicolas Island, San Pedro and Dana Point, CA, 2002-01 to 2003-06 (NODC Accession 0001064)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) is an extensive network for monitoring waves along the coastlines of the United States, with a strong emphasis on our...

  17. PENINGKATAN PARTISIPASI DAN KETERAMPILAN SISWA MELALUI MODEL THINK PAIR SHARE PADA KOMPETENSI DASAR MEMBUKUKAN MUTASI DAN SELISIH DANA KAS KECIL DI SMK BHAKTI PERSADA KENDAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahibah Lana In Ma

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas XI Administrasi Perkantoran SMK Bhakti Persada Kendal. Rancangan penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan tiga siklus, dimana setiap siklus meliputi perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode tes, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Metode analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan analisis deskriptif..Hasil penelitian pada siklus I menunjukkan partisipasi siswa sebesar 65,50% dalam kategori cukup partisipatif, keterampilan siswa sebesar 68,38% dalam kategori cukup terampil, ketuntasan klasikal 65,50% dengan rata-rata hasil belajar 73,25. Untuk hasil penelitian siklus II menunjukkan partisipasi siswa sebesar 69% , keterampilan siswa sebesar 73,30%, ketuntasan klasikal 61,29%, menunjukkan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 79,96. Untuk hasil penelitian siklus III menunjukkan partisipasi siswa sebesar 82,87%, keterampilan siswa sebesar 82,01%, ketuntasan klasikal 77,41% dengan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 79,48. The subjects were students of class XI Administrative SMK Bhakti Persada Kendal. The design of this study is a class action with three cycles, where each cycle includes planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. Data collection methods used in this research is the method of testing, observation, and documentation. Data collection methods used in this research is the method of testing, observation, and documentation. Methods of data analysis in this research using descriptive analysis. The results of the study in the first cycle shows student participation of 65.50 % in the category of participatory enough, the skills students 68,38% in the category of skilled enoug, classical completeness 65.50% with an average of 73.25 learning outcomes. For the second cycle study results showed a 69% student participation, student skills at 73.30, 61.29% classical completeness, showed an average of 79.96 students' learning outcomes. For the results of the third cycle studies show student participation by 82.87%, 82.01% of the students skills, classical completeness 77.41% with an average of 79.48 students' learning outcomes.

  18. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI): Computational Correction of Copy-number Effect in CRISPR-Cas9 Essentiality Screens of Cancer Cells | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genome-wide CRISPR-Cas9 screens were performed in 341 cell lines. The results were processed with the CERES algorithm to produce copy-number and guide-efficacy corrected gene knockout effect estimates.

  19. Directional wave and temperature data from thirteen buoys at San Nicolas Island, Dana Point and Oceanside, CA, 1997-2002 (NODC Accession 0000774)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) is an extensive network for monitoring waves along the coastlines of the United States, with a strong emphasis on our...

  20. Pengaruh Total Aktiva, Jumlah Sekuritas, Perputaran Portofolio, Laba/Rugi Operasi Dan Opini Akuntan Terhadap Audit Delay Pada Produk Reksa Dana Di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joicenda Nahumury

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This study empirically examined the effect of several company & audit characteristics on audit report lag or audit delay. Determinants of audit delay in mutual funds were chosen as an object of investigation. The purpose of this study to reveal that those variables have significant effect on audit delay simultaneously or partially. Samples are selected by purposive sampling method. The results of multiple linear regressions show that all of the explanatory variables influences audit delay simultaneously. The rest of variables do not appear to have any bearing on mutual fund audit delay. This Result is suggested for auditor to perform the audit more efficient and effective to get audit report timely, for BAPEPAM-LK as regulator to review again the deadline of audited financial statements delivery of mutual funds, for the future researcher to be reference in developing investigation.

  1. The Dana Farber consortium protocol (DFCP) vs. classic Hyper-CVAD for treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in patients <50 Y. Single institution experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alabdulwahab, Amal S; Elsayed, Hussein G; Sherisher, Mohamed A; Zeeneldin, Ahmed; Alghamdi, Khalofa; Elbjeirami, Wafaa M

    2017-09-01

    The use of intensive pediatric protocols for the treatment of ALL is being extended to older adults. Analysis of the efficacy and toxicity results of pediatric DFCP vs. classic Hyper-CVAD protocol for the treatment of patients with ALL Hyper-CVAD for first line treatment of patients with ALL Hyper-CVAD protocol. CR rate was 90.7% for DFCP vs. 83.7 for Hyper-CVAD (p 0.7). 3 Y Leukemia free survival was 57.4% (70.9% for DFCP vs. 41.6% Hyper-CVAD P 0.1) while 3Y OS was 62.6%% for the whole group, 72.6% DFCP vs. 48.5% Hyper-CVAD, P 0.04. Those with age Hyper-CVAD related to gall stones. Osteonecrosis affected 5 patients on DFCP. pediatric protocols are feasible in patients younger than 50 Y and they are more active than classic adult protocols. Although modifications of adult protocols may improve their results, this had to be investigated in randomized controlled trials. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. STRATEGI PENGHIMPUNAN DANA SOSIAL UMMAT PADA LEMBAGA-LEMBAGA FILLANTROFI DI INDONESIA (Studi Kasus Dompet Peduli Ummat Daarut Tauhid, Dompet Dhuafa Republika, BAZNAS, dan BAZIS DKI Jakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.Oneng Nurul Bariyah

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This study aimed to describe forms of fundrising conducted by institutions fillantrofi in Indonesia. The study was conducted at four institutions namely DPU Daarut Tauhid, Dompet Dhuafa Republika, BAZNAS, and BAZIS of DKI Jakarta. Source of data obtained from interviews and documentation. Data was analyzed using qualitative deskripstif. The results showed that the forms of fund raising undertaken, namely: Media usedprint, electronic, internet, and media communication. In this case there are several ways, namely: Media compaign, direct mail, telefundrinsing, direct fundrising, cooperation program, special event, religious fund, zakat collectors forming units (UPZ, CSR and CSR Cooperation Program, donation ritail humanitarian fund, through bank: ATM (transfers, phone and internet banking, service zakat donations via SMS and online. Keywords: Fundrising, humanitarian, cooperationand service donation.

  3. The ultrastructural basis of steroid production in the Y-organ and the mandibular organ of the crabs Hemigrapsus nudus (Dana) and Carcinus maenas L.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchholz, C; Adelung, D

    1980-01-01

    The ultrastructure of the steroid producing Y-organ and the mandibular organ of the crustaceans Hemigrapsus nudus and Carcinus maenas has been studied with reference to the well investigated steroid secreting cells (SSC) of mammals. In accordance with the most important characteristic of mammalian SSC, abundant SER could be shown in the Y-organ, where it is unevenly distributed. The amount of SER seems to vary in correlation with the secretion of moulting hormone during the moult cycle. Most Y-organ cells contain a great number of mitochondria of the tubular type, another important characteristic of mammalian SSC. The ultrastructure of the mandibular organ of C. maenas differs considerably from that of the Y-organ. Some SER was found, mitochondria of unusual shape and size were conspicuous. No definite conclusion as to the function of the mandibular organ is yet to be drawn.

  4. Zooplankton studies with special reference to krill Euphausia superba Dana from fishing area 58 of Indian Ocean sector in Southern Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rathod, V.

    from 16 stations du r- ing the FIKEX (December 1995 to March 1996) of FORV Sagar Sampada to the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean, covering within the geographical limits of latitude 58 ?00 minute to 61 ?17 minuteS and longitude 30 ?00 minute....22 to 8.03 ml 1 ? 1 ( x ? =7.68 ? 0.24). Zooplankton biomass values fluctuated widely du ring the present investigation. They were generally higher and varied between 9.79 and 303.62 ml 100 m ? 3 ( x ? =143.14 ? 77...

  5. Distribution, abundance and vertical migration pattern of krill - Euphausia superba Dana at fishing area 58 of the Indian Ocean sector of Southern Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rathod, V.

    krill ( Euphausia superba ) 5637, krill juveniles 12, salps 6738, jellyfish 35, lanter n fish 2.2, squid 5 .7 and other fishes 2.7. Krill constituted 46% of the total catch while salps constituted 54%. A v erage catch, for krill worked out to be 354...

  6. Penerapan Metode Weighted Product (WP Berbasis Sistem Pengambilan Keputusan Untuk Pemberian Dana Bantuan Mandiridesa Wisata Pada Dinas Perhubungan Pariwisata Kabupaten Bone Bolango

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irfan Abbas

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - The Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy implemented PNPM Mandiri Tourism Sector which entered the fifth year to support Tourism development activities through Community Empowerment in the tourist village. The support Decisioned by Tourism Transport Agency was not effective to set Desa Wisata which possibel to receive the PNPM support program. Its affects to the tourism business improvement of districts bone Bolango which inhibited. The support for society Desa Wisata through PNPM Mandiri program, Must meet the criteria. Such Potential criteria lay Desa Wisata must have the uniqueness and appeal of Tourism (as a tourist attraction, either form character of physical environment rural nature and socio-cultural Community, have support and readiness have been worn supporting for tourism. For a review of the support the matter as above will designed a decision support system using method weihgted product Interest to boost business tourism in the district Bone Bolango because supported by the best result of decision support. Keywords:Decision Support Systems, Weighted Product

  7. Penerapan Metode Weighted Product (WP) Berbasis Sistem Pengambilan Keputusan Untuk Pemberian Dana Bantuan Mandiridesa Wisata Pada Dinas Perhubungan Pariwisata Kabupaten Bone Bolango

    OpenAIRE

    Abbas, Irfan

    2016-01-01

    - The Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy implemented PNPM Mandiri Tourism Sector which entered the fifth year to support Tourism development activities through Community Empowerment in the tourist village. The support Decisioned by Tourism Transport Agency was not effective to set Desa Wisata which possibel to receive the PNPM support program. Its affects to the tourism business improvement of districts bone Bolango which inhibited. The support for society Desa Wisata through PNPM Mandi...

  8. Penerapan Metode Weighted Product (WP) Berbasis Sistem Pengambilan Keputusan Untuk Pemberian Dana Bantuan Mandiridesa Wisata Pada Dinas Perhubungan Pariwisata Kabupaten Bone Bolango

    OpenAIRE

    Irfan Abbas

    2016-01-01

    Abstract - The Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy implemented PNPM Mandiri Tourism Sector which entered the fifth year to support Tourism development activities through Community Empowerment in the tourist village. The support Decisioned by Tourism Transport Agency was not effective to set Desa Wisata which possibel to receive the PNPM support program. Its affects to the tourism business improvement of districts bone Bolango which inhibited. The support for society Desa Wisata through P...

  9. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), Dana Perimbangan, Belanja Daerah Dan Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri (PMDN) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Provinsi Di Indonesia Dengan Konsumsi Sebagai Variabel Moderating

    OpenAIRE

    Zahara, Yenni

    2014-01-01

    The purpose the study was to empirically test and prove the influence of local revenue, balanced budget, local government expenditure, domestic investment and consumption on provincial economic growth in Indonesia, and 19 provinces that met the sampling criteria set. Therefore, 95 observations were analyzed from 2007 to 2011. The data used in this study were those of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) based on current prizes to see the provincial economic growth, the realization of local revenue, b...

  10. The development of radiation-induced sterility for the management of lepidopterous maize stem bores:El dana saccharina walker (pyraldae) and sesmia calamistis hampson (noctuidae)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Annoh, C. E

    2003-01-01

    Radio-sterilization study was conducted on the biology of two lepidopterous maize stem borers, Eldana saccharina Walker and Sesamia calamistis Hampson to induce inherited sterility for insect pest management programme in Ghana. Bioecology of the two borer species was also studied for a 3-year period, 1997-1999 at Medie, a predominantly maize growing community in the Ga District of Greater Accra Region, to determine the population dynamics and climatic factors influencing the population of the borer species. It was observed that Sesamia species usually attacked the young maize crop, with peak infestations occurring about 6-S weeks after emergence of the crop. Eldana species preferred mature maize with peak infestations around 10-12 weeks after emergence of the maize crop. Larval numbers of E. saccharina showed inverse relations with rainfall, r= - 0.5899; p= 0.043. Infestation levels of larvae of both species were relatively higher during the minor rainy season than the major season. Larvae and pupae of E. saccharina that developed separately on natural and artificial diets did not show significant difference in most of their biological parameters. In both borer species, pupal weights of natural dieters were slightly heavier than those of artificial dieters. Exposure of young pupae (less than 6 days old) of the two borer species to increasing doses of ionizing radiation, SO-ISO Gy, resulted in high percentage of deformity and un emerged adults. Mature pupae of 6-S days old were less susceptible to increased doses and exhibited fewer body deformities and unemerged adults. The mating capability of adults emerged from irradiated mature pupae of E. saccharina was not adversely affected. In the parent generation (P), fecundity and fertility decreased with increased doses of radiation for crosses involving irradiated males and normal females as well as irradiated females and normal males. While the treatment m the former crosses resulted in partial fertility (40% at 180 Gy), the latter produced almost sterile individuals (96%, with doses above 100 Gy) In the F J generation, both fecundity and fertility were inversely related to increased doses of radiation. Crosses involving FJ males showed lower fertility than their corresponding FJ females Fertility was reduced to 10% with radiation dose of 100 Gy in the former, whilst similar reduction in F, females required about 150 Gy or more. The overall sex ratio of emerged adults in FJ and F2 generations shifted in favour of males. Thirty pairs of chromosomes were observed in normal meoitic gametes (metaphase I) of E. saccharina. Chromosomal aberrations resulting from induced radiations were found in the form of fragments, rings and chains In experimental field cages, moths treated with radiation dose of 150 Gy, resulted in decrease in fecundity and fertility of FJ generation when the ratios of sterile to fertile moths was increased Fecundity was reduced by 47% with rano of I sterile to I fertile and 79% with mating rano of 5 sterile to I fertile, as compared with the control of I fertile to I fertile. Since significant reduction in fecundity and fertility was observed with radiation doses between 120-180 Gy, it is suggested that this range could be used to induce inherited sterility in F saccharina. The substantial reduction of population of the borer species due to induced sterility in the progeny implies that inherited sterility could be used as a control strategy to suppress the stem borer populations in insect pest management programme in Ghana. Radio-sterilization study was conducted on the biology of two lepidopterous maize stem borers, Eldana saccharina Walker and Sesamia calamistis Hampson to induce inherited sterility for insect pest management programme in Ghana. Bioecology of the two borer species was also studied for a 3-year period, 1997-1999 at Medie, a predominantly maize growing community in the Ga District of Greater Accra Region, to determine the population dynamics and climatic factors influencing the population of the borer species. It was observed that Sesamia species usually attacked the young maize crop, with peak infestations occurring about 6-S weeks after emergence of the crop. Eldana species preferred mature maize with peak infestations around 10-12 weeks after emergence of the maize crop. Larval numbers of E. saccharina showed inverse relations with rainfall, r= - 0.5899; p= 0.043. Infestation levels of larvae of both species were relatively higher during the minor rainy season than the major season. Larvae and pupae of E. saccharina that developed separately on natural and artificial diets did not show significant difference in most of their biological parameters. In both borer species, pupal weights of natural dieters were slightly heavier than those of artificial dieters. Exposure of young pupae (less than 6 days old) of the two borer species to increasing doses of ionizing radiation, SO-ISO Gy, resulted in high percentage of deformity and un emerged adults. Mature pupae of 6-S days old were less susceptible to increased doses and exhibited fewer body deformities and unemerged adults. The mating capability of adults emerged from irradiated mature pupae of E. saccharina was not adversely affected. In the parent generation (P), fecundity and fertility decreased with increased doses of radiation for crosses involving irradiated males and normal females as well as irradiated females and normal males. While the treatment m the former crosses resulted in partial fertility (40% at 180 Gy), the latter produced almost sterile individuals (96%, with doses above 100 Gy) In the F J generation, both fecundity and fertility were inversely related to increased doses of radiation. Crosses involving FJ males showed lower fertility than their corresponding FJ females Fertility was reduced to 10% with radiation dose of 100 Gy in the former, whilst similar reduction in F, females required about 150 Gy or more. The overall sex ratio of emerged adults in FJ and F2 generations shifted in favour of males. Thirty pairs of chromosomes were observed in normal meoitic gametes (metaphase I) of E. saccharina. Chromosomal aberrations resulting from induced radiations were found in the form of fragments, rings and chains In experimental field cages, moths treated with radiation dose of 150 Gy, resulted in decrease in fecundity and fertility of FJ generation when the ratios of sterile to fertile moths was increased Fecundity was reduced by 47% with rano of I sterile to I fertile and 79% with mating rano of 5 sterile to I fertile, as compared with the control of I fertile to I fertile. Since significant reduction in fecundity and fertility was observed with radiation doses between 120-180 Gy, it is suggested that this range could be used to induce inherited sterility in F saccharina. The substantial reduction of population of the borer species due to induced sterility in the progeny implies that inherited sterility could be used as a control strategy to suppress the stem borer populations in insect pest management programme in Ghana. (au)

  11. Multibeam collection for DANA07RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2004-03-11 to 2004-04-01, Mazatlan, Mexico to San Diego, CA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  12. Occurrence of the Indo-Pacific freshwater prawn Macrobrachium equidens Dana 1852 (Decapoda, Palaemonidae on the coast of Brazilian Amazonia, with notes on its reproductive biology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiana R Maciel

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The freshwater prawn Macrobrachium equidens, which is native species of the Indo-Pacific Region, was recorded for the first time on the Amazon coast of Brazil. This species was found to inhabit the same environment as two native Macrobrachium species, M. amazonicum and M. acanthurus, and is morphologically very similar to the latter. The identification of the species was confirmed by the genetic analysis of sequences of the mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase (COI gene. A detailed description of the morphological features and reproductive biology of M. equidens in this new environment is presented.O camarão de água doce Macrobrachium equidens, nativo da região do Indo-Pacífico, foi registrada pela primeira vez na costa da Amazônia Brasileira. Esta espécie foi encontrada habitando o mesmo ambiente que duas espécies nativas do gênero Macrobrachium: M. amazonicum e M. acanthurus, e é morfologicamente muito similar à última. A identificação dessa espécie foi confirmada pela análise da seqüência genética do gene mitocondrial Citocromo Oxidase (COI. Uma descrição detalhada das características morfológicas e biologia reprodutiva de M. equidens neste novo ambiente é apresentada.

  13. Hubungan antara Jumlah Dana yang Dihimpun, Kredit yang Diberikan dan Fee Based Income dengan Tingkat Pengembalian Aset pada Perbankan Go Public, Periode 2003 Hingga 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pariang Siagian

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available To evaluate the financial performance that has been achieving, it is not just doing by physical performance and interesting promotion, but could be examined by scientific methods and principles, such as financial statements analysis, which Central Bank has been done. Because, to know the reality of successful company includes banking, it could be done by measuring those financing performance. For instance, by doing the financial ratios analysis with comparing and interpreting an account to another or others accounts from financial statements that has assumed being necessary and can  be give much benefits.

  14. REGISTROS RECENTES SOBRE A EXPANSÃO URBANA E A ESPECULAÇÃO IMOBILIÁRIA DA/NA CIDADE DE PAU DOS FERROS-RN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lediane Leite Praxedes

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O processo de expansão urbana na cidade de Pau dos Ferros-RN está ocorrendo de forma bastante acelerada e seletiva. Percebe-se que esse crescimento urbano está ocorrendo tão rápido que o Estado não consegue disponibilizar infraestrutura suficiente para atender as novas instalações implantadas. Mesmo vivenciado um crescimento econômico e espacial, a cidade de Pau dos Ferros ainda guarda marcas do seu processo de (repovoamento, como uma concentração fundiária marcante e práticas políticas arcaicas. Este quadro é favorecido pela centralidade urbana da cidade e sua dinamicidade econômica em relação às cidades que as circundam. O resultado dessa ação é a abertura de loteamentos na periferia da cidade, drenagem de terrenos ou aterros para construção de casas e instalação de comércios. Para tanto, esse trabalho buscou estudar a configuração atual da dinâmica intra-urbana de Pau dos Ferros a partir do fenômeno de especulação imobiliária que vem contribuindo de sobremaneira na organização espacial da cidade. Utilizou-se como metodologia a leitura e discussão de textos e documentos teóricos e técnicos, busca de informações em órgãos públicos e privados. Essa especulação se deu rápida e desordenada, mediante as práticas espaciais de seletividade e antecipação espacial, distribuição desigual dos recursos públicos e privados, valorização exagerada do solo urbano e ocupações irregulares sem acompanhamento de políticas que visem sua organização e regulamentação.

  15. ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES (OCS) AND POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBS) IN SEDIMENTS AND CRABS (Chasmagnathus granulata, DANA, 1851) FROM MANGROVES OF GUANABARA BAY, RIO DE JANEIRO STATE, BRAZIL

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, Alexandre Santos; Torres, João Paulo Machado; Meire, Rodrigo Ornellas; Neves, Rafael Curcio; Couri, Márcia Souto; Serejo, Cristiana Silveira

    2008-01-01

    Organochlorinated compounds, seven indicator PCB congeners, DDT and its main metabolites, were determined in sediment and crab (Chasmagnathus granulata) samples collected from mangrove areas near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Samples were analysed according to the FAO/SIDA protocols using continuous non-polar solvent extraction and a conventional GC-ECD apparatus. The highest levels of total PCB congeners and total DDT metabolites in sediments (184.16 and 37.40 ng.g−1d.w. respectively) and crab eggs (570.62 and 98.22 ng.g−1d.w. respectively) were found at impacted mangroves. The higher PCB congeners than DDT metabolites levels suggesting a stronger industrial impact in this area. The results indicate that the population density of crab is negatively affected by sediment contamination that is reflected basically by the organochlorine content in the female eggs. The organochlorine concentration in eggs is more significant to evaluate or estimate an impact of these pollutants upon C. granulata population than the organochlorine concentration in sediment samples. PMID:18485446

  16. Multibeam collection for DANA03RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2003-11-10 to 2003-11-26, Manta, Ecuador to Arica, Chile

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  17. Multibeam collection for DANA02RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2003-10-10 to 2003-11-06, Puntarenas, Costa Rica to Manta, Ecuador

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  18. STRATEGI PENGORGANISASIAN LEMBAGA KESEHATAN NAHDLATUL ULAMA (LKNU DALAM PENGELOLAAN PROGRAM HIV/AIDS (Studi Kasus Pengelolaan Dana Hibah Global Fund AIDS di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henri Puteranto

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The problems of managing HIV/AIDS programs arises when religious social organizations run the program. Religious organizations are required to run the program effectively. However, the implementation is not easy since they have to faced the “body of knowledge” of HIV/AIDS programs. Therefore, the ability of the organization to undertake this program is crucial. Religious organizations have a role to still keep the significance of religious values, at the same time to avoid conflct with the strategies possessed in HIV programs. This study explores three issues in the Health Organization of Nahdlatul Ulama, the interaction of values and norms, efforts to establish the organization legitimacy, and the ability to perform knowledge management. Qualitative research methods is used to explore the three issues mentioned above. The study results showed that the Health Organization of Nahdlatul Ulama as a socioreligious organization is able to answer sensitive issues in HIV/AIDS programs to reduce stigma and discrimination, building of organization legitimacy and conducting of knowledge management effectively

  19. Dileme današnjega sveta so tudi dileme v izobraževanja odraslih. Vzgajati potrošnike ali državljane?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušana Findeisen

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Avtorica v prispevku opozarja na novo svetovno kulturo, ki jo imenuje kultura trosenja in ki je povzrocila pojav brezosebnih, standardiziranih odnosov med ljudmi. V potrosniski kulturi spada znanje med proizvode virtualnega sektorja. Z njim zeli ustvarjati dobicek, kar pomeni, da preprecuje nenadzorovano in neplacano distribucijo znanja. Pri tern, opozarja avtorica, se pojavi temeljna dilema izobrazevanja odraslih. ce zelimo, da se znanje oplaja, semora svobodno pretakati.

  20. Environmental cues and constraints affecting the seasonality of dominant calanoid copepods in brackish, coastal waters: a case study of Acartia, Temora and Eurytemora species in the south-west Baltic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diekmann, A. Berenike S.; Clemmesen, Catriona; St. John, Michael A.

    2012-01-01

    Information on physiological rates and tolerances helps one gain a cause-and-effect understanding of the role that some environmental (bottom–up) factors play in regulating the seasonality and productivity of key species. We combined the results of laboratory experiments on reproductive success...... that included the effects of ‘controlling’, ‘masking’ and ‘directive’ environmental factors. Over a 5-year period, changes in adult abundance within two south-west Baltic field sites (Kiel Fjord Pier, 54°19′89N, 10°09′06E, 12–21 psu, and North/Baltic Sea Canal NOK, 54°20′45N, 9°57′02E, 4–10 psu) were evaluated...... production. Multiple intrinsic and extrinsic (environmental) factors influence the production of different egg types (normal and resting), regulate life-history strategies and influence match–mismatch dynamics....

  1. 76 FR 67412 - Initiation of Five-Year (“Sunset”) Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... (202) 482-1394. Review). A-475-828 731-TA-865 Italy Stainless Steel Butt-Weld Dana Mermelstein (202) 482-1391. Pipe Fittings (2nd Review). A-557-809 731-TA-866 Malaysia Stainless Steel Butt-Weld Dana... Steel Butt-Weld Dana Mermelstein (202) 482-1391. Pipe Fittings (2nd Review). Filing Information As a...

  2. 76 FR 61087 - Antidumping or Countervailing Duty Order, Finding, or Suspended Investigation; Advance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-03

    .... China (A-570-806) (3rd Review). Stainless Steel Butt-Weld Pipe Fittings from Dana Mermelstein, (202) 482-1391. Italy (A-475-828) (2nd Review). Stainless Steel Butt-Weld Pipe Fittings from Dana Mermelstein, (202) 482-1391 Malaysia (A-557-809) (2nd Review). Stainless Steel Butt-Weld Pipe Fittings from Dana...

  3. How much crude oil can zooplankton ingest? Estimating the quantity of dispersed crude oil defecated by planktonic copepods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Connelly, Tara L.; Buskey, Edward J.

    2016-01-01

    We investigated and quantified defecation rates of crude oil by 3 species of marine planktonic copepods (Temora turbinata, Acartia tonsa, and Parvocalanus crassirostris) and a natural copepod assemblage after exposure to mechanically or chemically dispersed crude oil. Between 88 and 100% of the analyzed fecal pellets from three species of copepods and a natural copepod assemblage exposed for 48 h to physically or chemically dispersed light crude oil contained crude oil droplets. Crude oil droplets inside fecal pellets were smaller (median diameter: 2.4–3.5 μm) than droplets in the physically and chemically dispersed oil emulsions (median diameter: 6.6 and 8.0 μm, respectively). This suggests that copepods can reject large crude oil droplets or that crude oil droplets are broken into smaller oil droplets before or during ingestion. Depending on the species and experimental treatments, crude oil defecation rates ranged from 5.3 to 245 ng-oil copepod"−"1 d"−"1, which represent a mean weight-specific defecation rate of 0.026 μg-oil μg-C_c_o_p_e_p_o_d"1 d"−"1. Considering a dispersed crude oil concentration commonly found in the water column after oil spills (1 μl L"−"1) and copepod abundances in high productive coastal areas, copepods may defecate ∼1.3–2.6 mg-oil m"−"3 d"−"1, which would represent ∼0.15%–0.30% of the total dispersed oil per day. Our results indicate that ingestion and subsequent defecation of crude oil by planktonic copepods has a small influence on the overall mass of oil spills in the short term, but may be quantitatively important in the flux of oil from surface water to sediments and in the transfer of low-solubility, toxic petroleum hydrocarbons into food webs after crude oil spills in the sea. - Highlights: • Copepods exposed to dispersed crude oil produced fecal pellets contained numerous small oil droplets (2.4 to 3.5 µm). • Copepods could reject large oil droplets or oil droplets are broken into

  4. Proceedings of the 14. forum: Croatian Energy Day: Energy: Its reality and outlook - World - Europe - Croatia; Zbornik radova 14. foruma: Dan energije u Hrvatskoj: Energetske perspektive danas i sutra - Svijet - Europa - Hrvatska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Granic, G; Jelavic, B

    2005-07-01

    This year the Croatian Energy Society is organizing its 14. Forum. For this occasion we chose the topic Energy perspectives today and tomorrow, World-Europe-Croatia, which in recent years is increasingly in the focus of interest not only of energy experts but of broad public as well. Namely, the end of the 20. and beginning of the 21st century saw the changes that, in many ways, influenced the energy market development. Views on the future and energy supply stability as they were in the era of divisions (free and communist world, developed and undeveloped world) must be substantially and urgently changed, because the geopolitical landscape of the world has been changing as well as development dynamics of countries and parts of continents. For Europe (Croatia included), which has deficit of primary energy sources and depends on energy import, reliability, availability security and economy of imported energy are key assumptions of sustainable economic and ecological development. The Forum shall discuss the following issues, which strongly influence or will influence the energy perspectives in the next 50 years: Reserves and potentials (size, geo-allocation of resources, transport possibilities, renewable sources); Technologies (exploitation, production, transport, distribution, consumption: appliances, consumers, and processes); Economic development and energy demand (development levels, richness and poverty, price of energy and social influence, energy efficiency); Environmental protection (Kyoto Protocol, legislation, economic capacities, nuclear energy); Energy trade liberalization (market development, restructuring, common legislation, privatization); Security of supply (local, European and global level); Population growth; Political changes and conflicts, military conflicts, terrorism. World Energy Council (WEC) initiated work on global study on energy development: Energy Scenario to 2050. The energy community around the world is equally interested in this study. The discussions to take place during this Forum will contribute to understanding of the problems and to search of possible solutions.(author)

  5. Los cangrejos ermitaños del género Paguristes Dana (Anomura: Diogenidae de la costa norte colombiana, con la descripción de dos nuevas especies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campos C. Néstor Hernando

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Nine species of hermit crabs of the genus Paguristes are reported from the Caribbean Colombian coast; P.paraguanensis was previously reported from the Guajira Peninsula. The other eight species are new reports from the Colombian Caribbean; two of them, P. zebra and P. werdingi are new spp.. The first one come Irom the Bahía de Cartagena and Islas del Rosario; the second is more widely distributed, since it has been lound from the Santa Marta region to Bahía de Portete, in the Guajira Penfnsula.Se registran nueve especies de cangrejos ermitaños del género Paguristes para la costa Caribe colombiana; P. paraguanensis había sido registrada previamente para la región de la Guajira. Las ocho especies restantes son nuevos registros para el Caribe colombiano y dos de estas, P.zebra y P. werdingi, son nuevas especies. La primera procede de la Bahía de Cartagena y las Islas del Rosario; la segunda tiene una distribución más amplia, se la ha encontrado desde la región de Santa Marta hasta la Bahía de Portete, en la península de la Guajira.

  6. Reply to "Comment on 'Cosmic-ray-driven reaction and greenhouse effect of halogenated molecules: Culprits for atmospheric ozone depletion and global climate change' by Dana Nuccitelli et al."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Q.-B.

    2014-04-01

    In the Comment by Nuccitelli et al., they make many false and invalid criticisms of the CFC-warming theory in my recent paper, and claim that their anthropogenic forcings including CO2 would provide a better explanation of the observed global mean surface temperature (GMST) data over the past 50 years. First, their arguments for no significant discrepancy between modeled and observed GMST changes and for no pause in recent global warming contradict the widely accepted fact and conclusion that were reported in the recent literature extensively. Second, their criticism that the key data used in my recent paper would be "outdated" and "flawed" is untrue as these data are still used in the recent or current literature including the newest (2013) IPCC Report and there is no considerable difference between the UK Met Office HadRCUT3 and HadRCUT4 GMST datasets. The use of even more recently computer-reconstructed total solar irradiance data (whatever have large uncertainties) for the period prior to 1976 would not change any of the conclusions in my paper, where quantitative analyses were emphasized on the influences of humans and the Sun on global surface temperature after 1970 when direct measurements became available. For the latter, the solar effect has been well shown to play only a negligible role in global surface temperature change since 1970, which is identical to the conclusion made in the 2013 IPCC Report. Third, their argument that the solar effect would not play a major role in the GMST rise of 0.2°C during 1850-1970 even contradicts the data and conclusion presented in a recent paper published in their Skeptical Science by Nuccitelli himself. Fourth, their comments also indicate their lack of understandings of the basic radiation physics of the Earth system as well as of the efficacies of different greenhouse gases in affecting global surface temperature. Their listed "methodological errors" are either trivial or non-existing. Fifth, their assertion that "the climate system takes centuries to millennia to fully equilibrate" is lack of scientific basis. Finally, their model calculations including an additional fitting parameter do not reduce the discrepancy with observed GMST data even after their adjustments. Instead, their modeled results give a sharp GMST rise over the past 16 years, which obviously disagrees with the observed data.

  7. 2469-IJBCS-Article-Ida Attabé Manney

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    subequatorial climate characterized by two rainy seasons, a short ..... Figure 3: Redundancy analysis ordination diagram applied to environmental variables and zooplankton ..... Vertical migrations and feeding rhythms of Acartia clausi and.

  8. Spatial and temporal habitat partitioning by zooplankton in the Bornholm Basin (central Baltic Sea)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, J.; Peck, M.A.; Barz, K.

    2012-01-01

    taxa (Bosmina coregoni maritima, Acartia spp., Pseudocalanus spp., Temora longicornis, Synchaeta spp.) contributed >10% to the zooplankton community composition. The appearance of cladocerans was mainly correlated with the phenology of thermocline development in the spring. The cladoceran B. coregoni...

  9. Ecology and Distribution of Copepods from the Salt Pan Ecosystems of Mumbai, West Coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Stephen, R.; Jayalakshmy, K.V.; NaveenKumar, K.R.; Nair, V.R.

    Ecology, distribution and diversity of Copepod collected from two salt pans of Mumbai, India, are presented. Copepods, the mai zooplankton components, consisted mainly of Bestiolina similis, Acartia southwelli, Oithona sp., O. similis, O. hebes...

  10. Determinan penerimaan daerah dan pertumbuhan ekonomi terhadap pengembangan ekonomi kreatif di Provinsi Jambi

    OpenAIRE

    Zamzami, Zamzami; Hastuti, Dwi

    2018-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis: (1) Kontribusi penerimaan daerah terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi, serta menganalisis perkembangan penerimaan daerah yang diwakilkan dari perkembangan Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU), Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK), Dana Bagi Hasil (DBH) dan juga menganalisis pengembangan laju pertumbuhan ekonomi Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi. (2) Penelitian ini di maksudkan untuk memperoleh jawaban atas seberapa besar pengaruh PAD, DAU, DAK, dan DB...

  11. STUDI KOMPARASI IMPLEMENTASI AKAD MUDHARABAH (Studi Kasus Bank Syariah Mandiri KCP Lumajang dan BMT Maslahah Sidogiri Capem Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhafid Ishari

    2015-10-01

    Dengan demikian dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa: (1 Implementasi akad mudharabah di BSM Lumajang, dan BMT Maslahah padang terbagi dalam dua bentuk yakni  bentuk penghimpunan dana dan penyaluran dana. (2 Implementasi akad mudharabah di BMT Maslahah Sidogiri capem padang terbagi dalam dua bentuk yakni  bentuk penghimpunan dana dan penyaluran dana.  (3 Adapun persamaan dan perbedaan di antara BSM dan BMT yakni terletak pada prosedur dan kebijakan dari masing-masing lembaga 4Pandangan fiqih Muamalah terhadap praktek akad mudharabah di BSM dan BMT yakni akan memberikan kemanfaatan besar bagi masyarakat luas apabila dapat diterapkan sesuai dengan syariat islam serta tidak hanya bertujuan mengambil keuntungan semata.

  12. Noctiluca and copepods grazing on the phytoplankton community in a nutrient-enriched coastal environment along the southwest coast of India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arunpandi, N; Jyothibabu, R; Jagadeesan, L; Gireeshkumar, T R; Karnan, C; Naqvi, S W A

    2017-07-01

    The relative grazing impact of Noctiluca scintillans (hereafter referred only Noctiluca) and copepods (Acrocalanus gracilis, Paracalanus parvus, Acartia danae and Oithona similis) on the phytoplankton community in an upwelling-mudbank environment along the southwest coast India is presented here. This study was carried out during the Pre-Southwest Monsoon (April-May) to the Late Southwest Monsoon (August) period in 2014. During the sampling period, large hydrographical transformation was evident in the study area (off Alappuzha, Southwest coast of India); warmer Pre-Southwest Monsoon water column condition got transformed into cooler and nitrate-rich hypoxic waters during the Southwest Monsoon (June-August) due to intense coastal upwelling. Copepods were present in the study area throughout the sampling period with a noticeable increase in their abundance during the Southwest Monsoon. On the other hand, the first appearance of Noctiluca in the sampling location was during the Early Southwest Monsoon (mid-June) and thereafter their abundance increased towards the Peak Southwest Monsoon. The grazing experiments carried out as per the food removal method showed noticeable differences in the feeding preferences of Noctiluca and copepods, especially on the different size fractions of phytoplankton. Noctiluca showed the highest positive electivity for the phytoplankton micro-fraction (av. 0.49 ± 0.04), followed by nano-fraction (av. 0.17 ± 0.04) and a negative electivity for the pico-fraction (av. -0.66 ± 0.06). In total ingestion of Noctiluca, micro-fraction contribution (83.7%) was significantly higher compared to the nano- (15.7%) and pico-fractions (0.58%). On the other hand, copepods showed the highest positive electivity for the phytoplankton nano-fraction (av. 0.38 ± 0.04) followed by micro- (av. -0.17 ± 0.05) and pico-fractions (av. -0.35 ± 0.05). Similarly, in total ingestion of copepods, nano-fraction (69.7%) was the highest followed by micro

  13. Copepod swarm in the Campbell Bay (Andaman Sea)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Goswami, S.C.; Rao, T.S.S.

    )forming 91.9 to 96.1 c of the total copepod population and constituted mainly by 4 species of Pontellopsis was recorded The species in order of abundance were Pontella spinipes Giesbrecht Pontellopsis regalis (Dana), Pontella princeps Dana and P...

  14. How Do I Deal with Depression and Adjustment to My Spinal Cord Injury?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... with ♡ in New Jersey Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation © 2018 636 Morris Turnpike Suite 3A Short Hills, NJ 07078 1-800-225-0292 The Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation is a registered 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization

  15. Improve Leadership Quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    About the Authors Dana Telford is a researcher and guest lecturer at Harvard University and a management consultant with clients in North and South America, the Middle East, and Europe. Dana has appeared on numerous television and radio programs. He earned an MBA from Harvard Business School and has rich experience in business management.

  16. 78 FR 60253 - Initiation of Five-Year (“Sunset”) Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... information from the Commission contact Mary Messer, Office of Investigations, U.S. International Trade... Brazil Polyethylene Dana Mermelstein Terephthalate (202) 482-1391. (Pet) Film (1st Review) A-570-924 731-TA-1132 China Polyethylene Dana Mermelstein Terephthalate (202) 482-1391. (Pet) Film (1st Review) A...

  17. Optimasi Portofolio Investasi Dengan Menggunakan Model Markowitz

    OpenAIRE

    Priyatna, Yayat; Sukono, F

    2003-01-01

    Permasalahan pokok dalam paper ini adalah memilih dua saham unggulan dan proporsi dana yang akan diinvestasikan dalam pembentukan suatu portofolio. Optimasi portofolio investasi di sini dilakukan dengan menggunakan model Markowitz. Dari empat saham unggulan versi LQ 45 yang dianalisis menunjukkan bahwa saham HM Sampurna dan Telkom memberikan hasil yang optimum dalam pembentukan portofolio investasi dengan proporsi dana berturut-turut sebesar 51% dan 49%.

  18. Governar infratores ou tratar corpos? A medicalização de jovens internados na FASE/RS como política da/na socioeducação / Governing youth criminals or treating bodies? The medicalization of arrested adolescents as a public policy in youth criminal...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaina de Souza Bujes

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Nas últimas décadas, diversos autores têm apontado uma modificação da gestão dos corpos, do comportamento e da subjetividade humanas, a partir de uma maior incidência de diagnósticos médicos, naquilo que se convencionou chamar de medicalização da vida. Na psiquiatria, distúrbios de ansiedade, déficit de atenção e hiperatividade, alterações de humor e bipolaridade, depressão, insônia ou transtornos de personalidade são expressões que extrapolaram os discursos médicos e passaram a integrar as diferentes esferas das relações e da sociabilidadade humana, e podem ser consideradas como uma nova forma de gestão da população. Este trabalho debate a emergência dos discursos do transtorno mental e dos tratamentos psiquiátricos nas relações do Estado com um segmento específico da população: os adolescentes em conflito com a lei. Dentre este grupo, se pode observar a medicalização como política de governo e esta pesquisa propõe a discussão do uso de diagnósticos de transtornos psíquicos em jovens infratores e a utilização de medicamentos como política pública para esta população. A investigação parte da hipótese de que estaria sendo constituída e adotada uma nova biopolítica de disciplinamento e contenção de corpos, sob o argumento de controle e prevenção de riscos para os jovens e para a sociedade em geral. Tomando a perspectiva etnográfica como ponto de partida analítico e método, o estudo utiliza documentos institucionais, relatos de militantes, de atores estatais e de jovens egressos do sistema socioeducativo. É possível perceber a constituição das subjetividades dos atores envolvidos e uma nova economia política sobre doenças, medicamentos e relações com as instituições estatais. Elas passam a ser estabelecidas ao mesmo tempo em que o Estado busca criar protocolos de atendimento aos jovens internados enquanto famílias, adolescentes e militantes questionam os conhecimentos sobre os medicamentos e seus efeitos, assim como problematizam a necessidade das prescrições, dos medicamentos e dos fins propostos.

  19. Governar infratores ou tratar corpos? A medicalização de jovens internados na FASE/RS como política da/na socioeducação / Governing youth criminals or treating bodies? The medicalization of arrested adolescents as a public policy in youth criminal...

    OpenAIRE

    Janaina de Souza Bujes

    2015-01-01

    Nas últimas décadas, diversos autores têm apontado uma modificação da gestão dos corpos, do comportamento e da subjetividade humanas, a partir de uma maior incidência de diagnósticos médicos, naquilo que se convencionou chamar de medicalização da vida. Na psiquiatria, distúrbios de ansiedade, déficit de atenção e hiperatividade, alterações de humor e bipolaridade, depressão, insônia ou transtornos de personalidade são expressões que extrapolaram os discursos médicos e passaram a integrar as d...

  20. Influence of LAS on marine calanoid copepod population dynamics and potential reproduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Kirsten; Hansen, Benni Winding; Johansson, Liselotte Sander

    2003-01-01

    The toxicity of linear alkyl benzene sulfonate (LAS) to marine invertebrates is well documented under laboratory conditions using single-species tests. It is less known how LAS affects natural populations of aquatic organisms. We hypothesised that LAS was more toxic to the calanoid copepod Acartia...

  1. Study on zooplankton distributions in Mahin Lagoon within ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ciliophorans (such as Tintinnopsis, Codonellopsis spp) were distributed mostly within the stations close to the Atlantic Ocean with higher salinity while freshwater stations further upstream were prevailed mostly by rotifers (such as Ascomorpha, Brachionus, Keratella, Filinia spp.). Copepods (such as Acartia, Paracalanus, ...

  2. Variability in estuarine water temperature gradients and influence on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Structure and variability of water temperature gradients and potential influence on distribution of two tropical zooplankters (the mysid Mesopodopsis africana and the copepod Acartia natalensis) and their temperate congenerics (M. wooldridgei and A. longipatella) was investigated over a 10-year period in the Mgazi Estuary, ...

  3. Antička baština samostana sv. Frane u Splitu

    OpenAIRE

    Cambi, Nenad

    2005-01-01

    Na mjestu današnjega franjevačkog samostana sv. Frane u Splitu otkriveno je nekoliko starokršćanskih spomenika: dva natpisa (danas izgubljena), sarkofag s prikazom motiva Prelaska Izraelaca preko Crvenoga mora, fragment s prikazom Krista i apostola te najvjerojatnije i motivom Davida i Golijata, pilastar s urezanim križem, fragment akroterija sarkofaga s križem te omanji fragment pluteja s ljiljanom. Današnja crkva sv. Frane uništila je prethodni samostan i crkvu, koje je u XI. st. podigao sp...

  4. ANALISIS YURIDIS AKAD TABARRU’ DAN AKAD TIJARAH DALAM PRODUK UNIT LINK SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Destri Budi Nugraheni

    2016-11-01

    Polis unit link syariah PT. AXA Financial Indonesia, PT. Prudential Life Assurance, dan PT. Takaful Keluarga, belum sepenuhnya mencantumkan hal-hal dalam akad tabarru’ sesuai ketentuan Fatwa DSN dan Peraturan Menteri Keuangan Nomor 18/PMK.010/2010 yaitu terkait hak dan kewajiban peserta secara kolektif. Akad tijarah yang dipergunakan adalah akad wakalah bil ujrah yang berisi pemberian kuasa kepada perusahaan sebagai wakil pemegang polis untuk mengelola Dana Tabarru’ dan atau dana investasi, dengan imbalan berupa ujrah. Perusahaan selaku penerima kuasa pengelolaan dana investasi tidak bertanggung jawab terhadap kerugian investasi dikarenakan pemegang polis telah memilih jenis investasi dan mengetahui risiko dari jenis investasi tersebut.

  5. NOAA Photo Library - The Coral Kingdom

    Science.gov (United States)

    has only begun within the past 200 years. Charles Darwin, James Dwight Dana, and Louis Agassiz were photographs found here that will help you learn more about coral reefs in this album, visit the following

  6. Celiac Family Health Education Video Series

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Pediatric Transplant Center Services Endocrinology Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Newborn Medicine Surgery Pulmonary and Respiratory Diseases Urology Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center Learn more Go to ...

  7. Temperature and salinity profile data collected by bottle on multiple cruises in the Baltic Sea, Baffin Bay, Davis Strait, the North Atlantic Ocean, and the North Sea from 02 January 1985 to 13 November 1989 (NODC Accession 0000056)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile and nutrients data were collected using bottle casts from DANA and other platforms in Baffin Sea, Baltic Sea, Davis Strait, North Sea, and North...

  8. 75 FR 9160 - Initiation of Five-Year (“Sunset”) Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    .......... Dana Mermelstein (202) 482-1391. Filing Information As a courtesy, we are making information related to... regulations on submission of proprietary information and eligibility to receive access to business proprietary...

  9. Celiac Family Health Education Video Series

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and Respiratory Diseases Urology Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center Learn more Go to all centers & services » Conditions & Treatments Flu Season is Here Talk to your healthcare ...

  10. EAMJ-March Family Plan

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    iMac User

    2008-03-03

    Mar 3, 2008 ... Shisana, Human Sciences Research Council, P. Dana, Human Sciences Research Council and K. Zuma, Human Sciences .... The aim of this study was to investigate family ..... World Health Organization WHO, United Nations.

  11. Celiac Family Health Education Video Series

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Hepatology and Nutrition Newborn Medicine Surgery Pulmonary and Respiratory Diseases Urology Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and ... Hepatology and Nutrition Newborn Medicine Surgery Pulmonary and Respiratory Diseases Urology Conditions & Treatments Conditions Inguinal Hernia ACL ...

  12. Tudengid nopivad Pollis sügisõunu / Helgi Kaldma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldma, Helgi, 1933-2011

    2007-01-01

    Kuidas Eesti Maaülikooli 3. kursuse aianduse üliõpilane Priit Pedastaar ja Tartu Ülikooli usuteaduse üliõpilane Dana Kritt aiandusteadlase Edgar Haagi katseaias Polli Aiandusuuringute Keskuses õunu noppimas käisid

  13. 75 FR 16839 - Sorbitol From France

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION [Investigation No. 731-TA-44 (Third Review)] Sorbitol From France AGENCY: United States International Trade Commission. ACTION: Revised schedule for the subject review. DATES: Effective Date: Date of Commission approval. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Dana Lofgren (202...

  14. Seasonal fluctuations in the occurrence of Cladocera in the Mandovi-Zuari estuarine waters of Goa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Goswami, S.C.; Devassy, V.P

    .78). Evadne tergestina Claus and Penilia avirostris Dana were the 2 major species representing cladoceran population, the former being dominant (85.88%). Both the species were characterisEd. by seasonality in distribution. Distribution patterns of each species...

  15. The Policy Implications of the Cost Structure of HHAs

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — In a new report, Dr. Dana Mukamel and colleagues reveal their analysis of the costs of home-care agencies. Using Cost Reports and the Home Health Compare (HHC)...

  16. How Do I Deal with Depression and Adjustment to My Spinal Cord Injury?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. 20201. Grantees undertaking projects under government sponsorship are ... Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation is a registered 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization

  17. Kepercayaan Masyarakat Menabung pada Bank Umum Syariah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dianing Ratna Wijayani

    2017-06-01

    penghimpun dana maupun penyaluran dana. Masyarakat akan mau menyimpan dana dananya di bank apabila dilandasi kepercayaan. Dalam fungsi ini akan di bangun kepercayaan baik dari pihak penyimpan dana maupun dari pihak bank dan kepercayaan ini akan terus berlanjut kepada pihak debitor. Kepercayaan ini penting dibangun karena dalam keadaan ini semua pihak ingin merasa diuntungkan baik dari segi penyimpangan dana, penampung dana maupun penerima penyaluran dana tersebut. Dengan kata lain, semakin tinggi kepercayaan masyarakat maka semakin tinggi pula dana pihak ketiga (DPK yang akan masuk pada bank tersebut.Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa pengaruh Dewan Pengawas Syariah (DPS, profitabilitas dan biaya promosi terhadap kepercayaan masyarakat menabung di Bank Umum Syariah. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh bank umum Syariah periode 2011-2013, dengan teknik pengambilan sampel purposive sampling diperoleh sampel sebanyak 11 bank. Jenis data yang dipergunakan adalah data sekunder, serupa dokumentasi laporan keuangan bank syariah tahun 2011-2013. Hasil analisis dengan menggunakan regresi berganda adalah: Dewan pengawas syariah berpengaruh terhadap kepercayaan masyarakat menabung di bank syariah, hal ini mengindikasikan bahwa adanya dewan pengawas syariah akan memberikan asumsi profesionalisme dan intensitas pengawasan bank syariah semakin tinggi, sehingga tingkat kepercayaan menabung di bank syariah tersebut semakin tinggi. Profitabilitas tidak berpengaruh terhadap kepercayaan masyarakat menabung di bank syariah tidak terlalu memperhatikan laba, hal ini mengindikasikan bahwa masyarakat yang menabung di bank syariah lebih memperhatikan keamanan dari sisi terbebasnya dari jeratan ribawi. Biaya promosi berpengaruh terhadap kepercayaan masyarakat menabung di bank syariah, hal ini mengindikasikan bahwa masyarakat yang menabung di bank syariah kurang memperhatikan laba dan dianggap riba oleh umat islam, sehingga keuntungan bank tidak terlalu

  18. Tindak Pidana Money Laundering Dalam Penyedia Jasa Keuangan Pasar Modal Menurut Undang-undang Nomor 8 Tahun 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Sabar, Moses Frian

    2016-01-01

    Tujuan dilakukannya penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahuibagaimana pengaturan pasar modal mencegah aliran dana hasil dari tindak pidana pencucian uang (money laundering)dalam suatu transaksi dan bagaimana penerapan Undang-Undang No. 8 Tahun 2010 tentang tindak pidana pencucian uang (Money Laundering) dalam pencegahan aliran dana transaksi yang berasal dari suatu tindak pidana dalam penyedia jasa keuangan pasar modal.Dengan menggunakan metode penelitian yuridis normative disimpulkan: 1. Pros...

  19. Analisis Juridis Pelaksanaan Penghapusan Piutang Terhadap Kredit Macet (Studi Pada PT. Bank Sumut)

    OpenAIRE

    Margareth Eka Purba

    2009-01-01

    Usaha pokok Bank adalah sektor perkreditan dan pendapatan bank yang terbesar adalah berasal dari sektor perkreditan. Kredit, baik konsumtif maupun produktif memang sudah mejadi target utama perbankan dalam meraih pendapatan, selain fee based income tentunya. Dengan demikian, kelebihan dana masyarakat yang bisa membuat bank memiliki dana idle yang akan lebih produktif lagi karena diberikan dalam bentuk kredit.Walaupun sudah dilakukan analisis kredit, dan kredit sudah dinyatakan layak untuk dib...

  20. Defense or Diplomacy Geographic Combatant Commands

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    originally ruled by 1 Priest, Dana , The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace with America’s Military...events. US Central Command. Dana Priest describes General Zinni‟s experience as a GCC commander, wherein General Zinni found that in many ways...ignored altogether. Dr. James Forsyth and Lt Col Chance Saltzman make this argument in their Air and Space Power Journal article “Stay Out —Why

  1. Annual National Logistics Conference and Exhibition (26th) (BRIEFING CHARTS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-15

    Operations Division, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OPNAV N41) Luncheon Speaker · BrigGen Mike Dana , USMC, Director of Logistics...Speaker u BrigGen Mike Dana , USMC, Director of Logistics & Engineering, J4, NORAD and USNORTHCOM u Col Alex Vohr, USMC, Director of Logistics, J4...are the Core Elements of a Curriculum on Contemporary Strategy, and What are the Best Methods of Teaching Them? Dr Richard Betts, Arnold A. Saltzman

  2. Study and Design of High G Augmentation Devices for Flight Simulators

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-01

    Dana Rogers in the modeling of grayout, Dr. Ralph Goldman in the matter of localized skin heating and cooling, and Dr. Emilio Bizzi in the area of...Temperature on Human Tolerance to +Gz Ac- celeration," Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 33, No. 4:418-420, Oct., (1972). 5. Anderson, B., Saltzman , H.A...Correspondence, National Atro- nautics and Space Administration, June (197E). 270. Young, L., Unpublished Notes of Meeting with Dana Rogers, (1978). 271

  3. Northeast Artificial Intelligence Consortium (NAIC) Review of Technical Tasks. Volume 2, Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-07-01

    1979. 20. Nau, Dana S., "Expert Computer Systems", I7E7 Computer pp. 63-85, January 1983. 477...Edinburgh, -v .. 1979. 20. Nau, Dana S., "Expert Computer Systems,- IEEE Computer, pp. 63-85, January 1983. 21. Nilsson, Nils J., ___ -. Artificial...Percept... Saltzman , E.L. and Kelso, J.A.S., (1983), "Skilled Actions: A Task Dynamic Approach", Haskins Labs, SR-76, pp. 3-50. Seneff, Stephanie, (1985

  4. National Test and Evaluation Conference (26th)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    Operations Division, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations (OPNAV N41) Luncheon Speaker · BrigGen Mike Dana , USMC, Director of Logistics...Speaker u BrigGen Mike Dana , USMC, Director of Logistics & Engineering, J4, NORAD and USNORTHCOM u Col Alex Vohr, USMC, Director of Logistics, J4...are the Core Elements of a Curriculum on Contemporary Strategy, and What are the Best Methods of Teaching Them? Dr Richard Betts, Arnold A. Saltzman

  5. Neste Oy starts the production of extra high viscosity index lubricating oil in Porvoo

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kilander, H.

    1997-01-01

    Neste Oy is starting the manufacture of basic oil, used in advanced motor lubricants, in Finland. The plant will start the manufacture of the EHVI (Extra High Viscosity) by the end of 1997. The EHVI basic oil is a synthetic-like oil product, suitable for manufacture of high-quality lubricants. In the beginning the production of the basic oil will be about 50 000 tons/a. The investment costs of the plants are 180 million FIM

  6. Etika u poduzetništvu

    OpenAIRE

    Ivančir, Monika

    2018-01-01

    Ovim diplomskim radom ukazuje se na problematiku današnjice glede poslovne etike. Naglasak se stavlja na etiku u poduzetništvu. Istaknuti su najčešći moralni problemi s kojima se susreću današnji poduzetnici i želi se naglasiti važnost etike u svim poslovnim odnosima i odlukama. Zadaća svakog poduzetnika, koji se želi voditi načelima etike, jest da uspostavi ravnotežu između ekonomske i društveno odgovorne strane poslovanja. Samo na taj način, na današnjem promjenjivom tržištu, poduzetnik...

  7. Tafsir Aparatur terhadap “Sisi Gelap” Pengelolaan Keuangan Daerah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achdiar Redy Setiawan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to uncover the actual practices of local government financial management in the smallest scope, namely SKPD (local government work units. This research focuses on the meaning of “the dark side”(a reality which stands behind the formal procedures and documentation that are displayed from the actors who are government apparatus. Hermeneutics Gadamerian was chosen as the research methodology. Tracesof "fraud" pivots on what is termed "Dana Taktis”. Actors interpreted the mechanism of "Dana Taktis" not as a form of fraud. This was based on the fact that existing internal procedures of “Dana Taktis” practices on SKPD was not hidden. All parties recognnised each other as parts ofa system. We name this phenomena as “system-driven (un fraud”

  8. Tingkat Ketergantungan, Kompleksitas Pemerintah, dan Tingkat Pengungkapan Laporan Keuangan Pemerintah Daerah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiara Pandansari

    2016-12-01

      Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat pengungkapan dalam laporan keuangan pemerintah daerah di Jawa Tengah, serta menguji dan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Tingkat pengungkapan diukur dengan menggunakan Modified LGA Index, sedangkan sebagai variabel bebas yang digunakan adalah tingkat ketergantungan daerah, dan kompleksitas pemerintahan. Sampel penelitian ini dipilih menggunakan purposive sampling method, sehingga diperoleh ukuran sampel yaitu 32 laporan keuangan pemerintah daerah. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi linear berganda. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan tingkat pengungkapan pada masing-masing sampel. Rata-rata nilai pengungkapan sebesar 58,46  persen. Penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa tingkat ketergantungan terhadap Dana Alokasi Umum dan tingkat ketergantungan terhadap Dana Bagi Hasil berpengaruh terhadap tingkat pengungkapan,  tingkat ketergantungan terhadap Dana Alokasi Khusus, dan kompleksitas pemerintah tidak berpengaruh terhadap tingkat pengungkapan dalam laporan keuangan pemerintah daerah.

  9. Potent Inhibitors against Newcastle Disease Virus Hemagglutinin-Neuraminidase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rota, Paola; La Rocca, Paolo; Piccoli, Marco; Montefiori, Marco; Cirillo, Federica; Olsen, Lars; Orioli, Marica; Allevi, Pietro; Anastasia, Luigi

    2018-02-06

    Neuraminidase activity is essential for the infection and propagation of paramyxoviruses, including human parainfluenza viruses (hPIVs) and the Newcastle disease virus (NDV). Thus, many inhibitors have been developed based on the 2-deoxy-2,3-didehydro-d-N-acetylneuraminic acid inhibitor (DANA) backbone. Along this line, herein we report a series of neuraminidase inhibitors, having C4 (p-toluenesulfonamido and azido substituents) and C5 (N-perfluorinated chains) modifications to the DANA backbone, resulting in compounds with 5- to 15-fold greater potency than the currently most active compound, the N-trifluoroacetyl derivative of DANA (FANA), toward the NDV hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (NDV-HN). Remarkably, these inhibitors were found to be essentially inactive against the human sialidase NEU3, which is present on the outer layer of the cell membrane and is highly affected by the current NDV inhibitor FANA. © 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  10. Imenje (nomenklatura) i nazivlje (terminologija) organske kemije. I. Šezdeset godina hrvatske organsko-kemijske nomenklature

    OpenAIRE

    Rapić, V.; Varga-Defterdarović, L.

    2013-01-01

    U ovomu je članku opisana povijest i razvitak hrvatske nomenklature organskih spojeva - od prvoga hrvatskog prijevoda međunarodnih nomenklaturnih preporuka do današnjih dana. U uvodnome dijelu definirana su trivijalna, uvriježena, sustavna (racionalna) i polusustavna imena te je rastumačena etimologija i značenje pojmova nomenklatura i terminologija i njihovih prevedenica imenje i nazivlje. U središnjem poglavlju ukazano je na potrebu osmišljavanja naše nacionalne nomenklature, što je uoč...

  11. POMEN TRAJNOSTNIH VIDIKOV PRIDOBIVANJA SUROVINSKIH VIROV V OSKRBNIH VERIGAH: PRIMER PALMINEGA OLJA

    OpenAIRE

    Andrejić, Andreja

    2016-01-01

    Trajnostno razvoj je trend, ki ima v sodobni družbi vedno večji pomen, saj vpliva na kakovost življenja današnjih in prihodnjih generacij. Vloga trajnostnega razvoja je vzdrževanje občutljivega ravnovesja med izboljšanjem človeškega življenjskega sloga in dobrega počutja na eni strani in na drugi ohranjanje naravnih virov, ekosistemov, od katerih so odvisni današnje in prihodnje generacije. Obsega tri glavne vidike: okoljskega, socialnega in ekonomskega. Implementacija trajnostnega razvoja ...

  12. Mobilna tehnologija i njezin utjecaj na ponašanje potrošača

    OpenAIRE

    Mičuda, Ana-Marija

    2017-01-01

    Mobilna tehnologija se svakog dana sve više razvija te preuzima vodeću ulogu u privatnom i poslovnom okruženju. Internet je sa svojim brojnim mogućnostima kao što su gledanje videa, slušanje glazbe, igranje video igra, čitanje vijesti i raznih drugih članaka, mogućnošću uspostave video poziva u bilo kojem dijelu svijeta te razvojem mogućnosti online kupovine, povezao svijet te omogućio brojne prednosti današnjem društvu. Razvojem mobilnih aplikacija za kupovinu kupcima su na raspolaganju ...

  13. Efektivitas Organisasi Zakat dalam Pemberdayaan Ekonomi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Dzikron AM

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Pengelolaan zakat maal oleh lembaga amilin memiliki sasaran untuk pemberdayaan ekonomi kepada masyarakat. Dalam rangka mengevaluasi efektivitas pencapaian sasaran, maka penilaian kinerja organisasi menjadi penting terutama kepada lembaga yang memanfaatkan dana publik (ZIS. Organisasi pengelola ZIS sebagai bagian dari sistem sosial harus bertanggung jawab untuk melakukan manajerial sesuai misi yang diembannya. Sejalan dengan alasan diatas, keberadaan lembaga pengelola zakat di wilayah kerja Bandung dan se-Jawa Barat perlu dievaluasi terhadap parameter efektivitas organisasi (Organizational Effectiveness. Sehingga dapat diketahui efektivitas pengelolaan dan pemanfaatan dana yang diperolehnya.

  14. Grazer-induced chain lenght plasticity reduces grazing risk in a marine diatom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergkvist, Johanna; Thor, Peter; Jakobsen, Hans Henrik

    2012-01-01

    . marinoi was exposed to chemical cues from caged A. tonsa without physical contact with the responding cells. The reductions in chain length significantly reduced copepod grazing; grazing rates on chains (four cells or more) were several times higher compared to that of single cells. This suggests...... that chain length plasticity is a means for S. marinoi to reduce copepod grazing. In contrast, chain length was not suppressed in cultures exposed to the microzooplankton grazer Gyrodinium dominans. Size-selective predation may have played a key role in the evolution of chain formation and chain length...... plasticity in diatoms...

  15. 78 FR 29749 - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Agency Information Collection Extension AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE..., DC 20503 And to Mr. Dana O'Hara, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE- 2G), U.S...

  16. Sex ratio of five species of pelagic copepods from Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Saraswathy, M.; Santhakumari, V.

    Sex ratio in five species from south and southeast coast of India varied remarkably. Five species were selected for the present investigation. Range in the percentage of males was from 8 to 121 in @iUndinula vulgaris@@ (Dana), 16-425 in @i...

  17. EST Table: BY918756 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/29 54 %/247 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF170... similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 F1mg ...

  18. EST Table: DC530000 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/01 52 %/221 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF170... similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 J150 ...

  19. EST Table: CK540677 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/31 53 %/160 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-...milar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 swh ...

  20. EST Table: FS841713 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/10 53 %/160 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF170... similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fner ...

  1. EST Table: AV400820 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available a-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/08/28 52 %/152 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-PA 10... to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 br-- ...

  2. EST Table: FS805970 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available milar to xaa-pro dipeptidase app(e.coli) [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/09 47 %/178 aa FBpp0123641|DanaGF20449-...PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase app(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS727105 fmgV ...

  3. EST Table: CK560363 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/01 50 %/188 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-...milar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 swp ...

  4. Here Is Our Ernie Pyle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letterman, Gretchen

    This document contains a biographical sketch of Ernie Pyle, the Pulitzer Prizewinning journalist from Indiana who gained fame during World War II as a nationally syndicated correspondent for the Associated Press. The story of Pyle's life is traced from his birth in Dana, Indiana, through his college years and his early years as a roving reporter…

  5. New species of the genus Sinularia (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) from Nha Trang Bay, South China Sea, Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dautova, T.N.; Ofwegen, van L.P.; Savinkin, O.V.

    2010-01-01

    A total of eight Sinularia species is described and depicted, all from Nha Trang Bay, Vietnam (South China Sea). Six are new to science: S. capricornis, S. multiflora, S. pumila, S. sarmentosa, S. torta, and S. uva. Two other ones represent just new records for Vietnam: S. rigida (Dana, 1846) and S.

  6. Nurturing Human Potential in the Context of Schooling: The Legacy of Seymour B. Sarason

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Rhona S.

    2012-01-01

    Seymour Bernard Sarason was born to Jewish immigrant parents on January 12, 1919, in Brooklyn, New York. He died on January 28, 2010, in New Haven, Connecticut, at the age of 91. He obtained his undergraduate degree in 1939 from Dana College in Newark (now Rutgers University), and earned his doctorate in clinical psychology in 1942 from Clark…

  7. How Do I Deal with Depression and Adjustment to My Spinal Cord Injury?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... you to also reach out to cerebral palsy support groups and organizations, including: Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center (MSKTC) maintains ... about our impact > Get the Reeve newsletter International support > ... The Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation is a registered 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization

  8. Educational Leadership and the Imperative of Including Student Voices, Student Interests, and Students' Lives in the Mainstream

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angus, Lawrence

    2006-01-01

    Smyth introduces this special issue with the claim that the question of "how to pursue forms of leadership that listen to and attend to the voices of...young people" is the "most urgent issue of our times". Dana Mitra's article describes what seem to be serious and elaborate attempts to involve students in school…

  9. A Conversation with Uri Treisman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treisman, Uri

    2012-01-01

    Dr. Uri Treisman, professor of mathematics and public affairs at The University of Texas at Austin and the director of the Charles A. Dana Center, has deep and active roots in mathematics and mathematics education. Dr. Treisman is well known for his early work at the University of California at Berkeley, where he developed the Calculus Workshop…

  10. Ethnographic Research and Globalization: A Discussion of Joseph Tobin's Model of Video-Cued Multivocal Ethnography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watras, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    Joseph Tobin made an impact on the field of comparative education in 2009 when he used a unique form of ethnography to illuminate the effects of world-wide forces, such as modernization, on schools in specific countries. Earlier, in 1989, he published "Preschool in Three Cultures" with co-authors David Wu and Dana Davidson. The…

  11. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2017-10-17

    Oct 17, 2017 ... in an incubator at 37°C for 24 hours to detect any contamination. ..... (RMC), Malaysia supported this research (iRAGS research grant 600-RMI/DANA ... of OrthosiphonstamineusBenth. extracts against food-borne bacteria.

  12. 76 FR 44829 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Air Brake Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... [Docket No. NHTSA-2009-0175] RIN 2127-AK84 Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Air Brake Systems... final rule that amended the Federal motor vehicle safety standard for air brake systems by requiring... between Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems and Dana Corporation; and ArvinMeritor. The agency received four...

  13. Caridean shrimps (Crustacea, Decapoda) from seagrass habitats in Hansa Bay, Papua New Guinea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grave, de Sammy

    1999-01-01

    Five species of caridean shrimps collected from seagrass habitats at Hansa Bay, on the northern coastline of Papua New Guinea are reported. Four species are new to the fauna of Papua New Guinea. Morphological details of Nikoides danae, Latreutes pymoeus and L. porcinus are discussed and compared to

  14. 75 FR 28237 - Certain Magnesia Carbon Bricks From the People's Republic of China: Notice of Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-20

    ... the Act. \\2\\ See, e.g., Certain Oil Country Tubular Goods From the People's Republic of China: Notice..., 2009) (``OCTG Prelim'') unchanged in Certain Oil Country Tubular Goods From the People's Republic of... File, from Dana Griffies, Import Policy Analyst, through Scot T. Fullerton, Program Manager, regarding...

  15. Middle School Concept Helps High-Poverty Schools Become High-Performing Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picucci, Ali Callicoatte; Brownson, Amanda; Kahlert, Rahel; Sobel, Andrew

    2004-01-01

    The results of a study conducted by the Charles A. Dana Center at the University of Texas at Austin for the U.S. Department of Education during the 2001-02 school year showed that elements of the middle school concept can lead to improved student performance, even in high-poverty schools. This article describes common elements of the middle school…

  16. EST Table: BY915319 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BY915319 fbpv0592 10/09/28 52 %/103 aa dbj|BAA86911.1| homologue of Sarcophaga 26,29kDa proteinase [Periplan...eta americana] 10/08/29 49 %/102 aa FBpp0127246|DanaGF24054-PA 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/1

  17. Publications | Page 211 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Efektifitas dan efisiensi pemanfaatan dana Bantuan Operasional Kesehatan dengan penerapan metode analytic hierarchy process (restricted access) ... Assessment of research needs for public health adaptation to social, environmental and climate change impacts on vector-borne diseases in Africa : an informal expert ...

  18. Distribution of scolecithricidae (Copepoda: Calanoida) in the Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gopalakrishnan, T.C.; Devi, K.S.

    .7, and 5.1% of the total numbers of specimens of Scolecithricidae collected respectively. High density areas of S. danae were found scattered between 15 degrees N and 15 degrees S latitudes, especially along the African coast. S. bradyi and S. echinatus...

  19. 76 FR 45775 - Antidumping or Countervailing Duty Order, Finding, or Suspended Investigation; Advance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ... proceedings Department contact Furfuryl Alcohol from the People's Republic Julia Hancock, (202) 482- of China (A-570-835) (3rd Review). 1394. Fresh Garlic from the People's Republic of Dana Mermelstein, (202... analytical issues relevant to the Department's conduct of Sunset Reviews is set forth in the Department's...

  20. Fokus na Elinor Goldschmied i Košara s blagom

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson, Sonia

    2011-01-01

    Osvrt profesorice Sonia Jackson na život Elinor Goldschmied, jedne od prvih stručnjakinja na području ranog odgoja i obrazovanja, čiji rad i nakon njezine smrti nastavlja utjecati na teoriju i praksu današnjice.

  1. The results of treatment of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and leukocyte count over 50 x 109/1 according to the modified New York protocol. Preliminary report of Polish Leukemia-Lymphoma Study Group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Armata, J.

    1993-01-01

    92 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and leukocyte count over 50 x 10 9 /1 were treated according to the modified New York protocol. The modifications were based on elements of Dana Faber protocol. The 4 year DFS was 66%. (author)

  2. Governor's Conference on Drug Dependence and Abuse. An Occasional Paper of the Honors College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milliken, William G.; And Others

    1970-01-01

    Following Governor Milliken's address, Dr. Dana Farnsworth defines the problem in terms of who's involved, to what extent, and with which drugs. His presentation focuses primarily on the motives of affluent young people who experiment with or become dependent upon hallucinogens, marihuana and amphetamines. He deals extensively with the drastically…

  3. Ethnic Minority Entrepreneurs in the International Carpet Trade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rezaei, Shahamak; Dana, Leo-Paul; Light, Ivan

    2013-01-01

    The paper discusses the pre-modern bazaar and the authors (Shahamak Rezaei Roskilde University, Ivan Light UCLA, Léo-Paul Dana Groupe Sup de Co Montpellier Business School - Montpellier Research in Management) observe changes in the sector as Persian carpets can now be sourced from new entrants...

  4. 78 FR 47276 - Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Film, Sheet, and Strip From India: Final Results of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ... (PET) Film, Sheet, and Strip From India: Final Results of the Expedited Second Sunset Review of the... terephthalate (PET) film, sheet, and strip (``PET film'') from India. The Department finds that revocation of... INFORMATION CONTACT: Sean Carey or Dana Mermelstein, AD/CVD Operations, Office 6, Import Administration...

  5. Rectal Cancer: Treatment, Research and Quality of Life, Facebook Live Event

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Cancer Institute hosted a Facebook Live to discuss rectal cancer treatment, research, and quality of life. The event featured subject matter experts Carmen Allegra, MD, of the National Cancer Institute and University of Florida Health, Deborah Schrag, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and moderator

  6. Data-Based Detection of Potential Terrorist Attacks: Statistical and Graphical Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    Armen Zakharyan 0.00 Gregory Lobser 0.00 1.00FTE Equivalent: 6Total Number: Names of Post Doctorates PERCENT_SUPPORTEDNAME FTE Equivalent: Total...Gregory Lobser Armen Zakharyan 4Total Number: Names of other research staff PERCENT_SUPPORTEDNAME Dana Franklin 0.50 No 0.50FTE Equivalent: 1Total

  7. Biodynamic Response to Windblast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-07-01

    750 noeuda. Lea rioultata atatistiquea globaux donnent -47 ijectiona inortellea (18 %), 209 of riusaies (82 %), il: pilate errivant vivant mu aol...On entend par 6jection riummie 1. fait quo ise pilot* arrive vivant au sob K sans tenir compto dos blemauroo 6ventuellos qulil priaents. Dana notre

  8. Collaborating on Global Priorities: Science Education for Everyone--Any Time and Everywhere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    Building on the key ideas from Dana Zeidler's paper I expand the conversation from the standpoint that the challenges facing humanity and the capacity of Earth to support life suggest that changes in human lifestyles are a priority. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to educate all humans about some of the science-related grand challenges, such…

  9. Madagascar Conservation & Development - Early View (Humpback ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, song during the breeding season in the Gulf of Tribugá, Colombian Pacific · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Christina E Perazio, Maria E Zapetis, Dana Roberson, Natalia Botero, Stan Kuczaj.

  10. 77 FR 85 - Initiation of Five-Year (“Sunset”) Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... Review which covers the same orders. DATES: Effective Date: January 3, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... Germany Corrosion-Resistant Dana Mermelstein Carbon Steel Flat (202) 482-139. Products (3rd Review). A-580-816 731-TA-618 South Korea Corrosion-Resistant David Goldberger Carbon Steel Flat (202) 482-4136...

  11. Women in IT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campus Technology, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Today, female students outnumber males on campus, earn a higher number of BA degrees, and surpass men in completing advanced degrees. So there is a certain irony in the fact that executive roles on campus are still dominated by men--and IT is no exception. "Campus Technology" asked three women (Pam McQuesten, Dana Hoover, and Jill Albin-Hill)…

  12. PM A-41Tap.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PC1

    Cowpea production and protection that preserve human heath and environment, needs to be assessed on alternative uses of pest control methods that do ... alimentaire (Fofana, 1964 ; DANA, 1985 ; Glitho,. 1990) son implication dans le ... préoccupante du point de vue de la santé de la population, de l'environnement et de ...

  13. Time 's picturing of HIV/Aids: International perceptions of disease in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    doxiconic process” as suggested by Dana Cloud and that the (visual) rhetoric of HIV/Aids has many similarities to what she sees as a culture clash in the rhetoric of the (American) war on terrorism. Key Words: Time, representation of HIV/Aids, race ...

  14. Revision of the Indo-Pacific species of the genus Distichopora

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boschma, H.

    1959-01-01

    Twenty-one species of Distichopora have been described after specimens from various localities in the Indo-Pacific region, viz., D. violacea (Pallas, 1766) from “Mare Indicum”, D. cinnabarina Nardo, 1844, from the Red Sea (?), D. gracilis Dana, 1848, from the Tuamotu Islands, D. coccinea Gray, 1860,

  15. Perlindungan Nasabah BMT Jika BMT Pailit (Taflis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neni Sri Imaniyati

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available BMT merupakan salah satu lembaga keuangan berbasis syariah yang merupakan cikal bakal lahirnya bank syariah di Indonesia. BMT memiliki peran dan fungsi yang sangat strategis dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat, pengusaha mikro dan pengusaha kecil. Makalah ini mengkaji bentuk usaha BMT, tanggung jawab pendiri dan pengurus BMT,  dan perlindungan nasabah penyimpan dana BMT jika BMT pailit.Dari hasil penelitian yang dilakukan, dapat disimpulkan bahwa bentuk hukum BMT ada dua, yaitu Kelompok Swadaya Masyarakat dan Koperasi. Tanggung jawab pendiri dan pengurus BMT dipengaruhi oleh bentuk usaha BMT. Tanggung jawab pendiri dan pengurus BMT yang berbentuk Kelompok Swadaya Masyarakat dan koperasi adalah sama, yaitu melakukan tindakan dan upaya bagi kepentingan dan kemanfaatan BMT. Namun terdapat perbedaan tanggung jawab jika BMT pailit, BMT yang merupakan KSM pendiri pengurus bertanggung jawab sampai harta kekayaan pribadi. Sedangkan pengurus dan pendiri BMT yang berbadan hukum koperasi sebagai badan hukum tanggung jawab pendiri dan pengurus terbatas sampai jumlah modal yang diserahkan. Perlindungan nasabah penyimpan dana pada BMT belum memadai dengan melihat pada ketentuan KUH Perdata, nasabah penyimpan dana pada BMT berkedudukan sebagai kreditur konkuren untuk mendapatkan haknya harus berbagi dengan kreditur lainnya setelah dana BMT yang tersisa dibagikan kepada kreditur preference.

  16. Biblické příběhy v hagioterapii a pastoraci.

    OpenAIRE

    Kynclová, Dana

    2013-01-01

    KYNCLOVÁ, Dana. Biblical Stories in Hagiotherapy and Pastoral Care. Praha, 2013. Master's thesis. Charles University. Faculty of Education. Department of Psychology. Supervisor M. Kucera. Keywords: pastoral care, hagiotherapy, Christianity, integrated approach, psychology, theology, spirituality, religion, psychotherapy, Bible, Bible stories, exegesis, existential psychotherapy This thesis deals with the relationship of hagiotherapy and pastoral care on the basis of their approach to work wit...

  17. Celiac Family Health Education Video Series

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... by U. S. News & World Report Centers Brain Center Heart Center Orthopedic Center Pediatric Transplant Center Services Endocrinology Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Newborn Medicine Surgery Pulmonary and Respiratory Diseases Urology Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood ...

  18. 76 FR 78010 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Contract...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-15

    ... collection of information is accurate and based on valid assumptions and methodology; and ways to enhance the...: February 13, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Dana Munson, Procurement Analyst, General Services.../or business confidential information provided. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: A. Purpose Under certain...

  19. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Titania doped triaxial porcelain: Enhancement of strength by controlled heat treatment. Sunipa Bhattacharyya Swapan Kumar Das Kausik Dana ... in their growth was ascertained through SEM analysis. The present heat treatment process may be useful to produce high strength porcelain body from a common triaxial system.

  20. New Mexico Math Pathways Taskforce Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Mexico Higher Education Department, 2016

    2016-01-01

    In April 2015 New Mexico faculty, Dana Center staff, and New Mexico Higher Education (NMHED) co-presented the need for better math pathways statewide. Faculty from 6 institutions (New Mexico State University, New Mexico Highlands University, Dine College, Eastern New Mexico University, El Paso Community College, and San Juan College) participated…

  1. "Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Systematic and Meta-Analytic Review of Nonpharmacological Therapies for Cancer Patients:" Correction to Kangas, Bovbjerg, and Montgomery (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kangas, Maria; Bovbjerg, Dana H.; Montgomery, Guy H.

    2009-01-01

    Reports an error in "Cancer-related fatigue: A systematic and meta-analytic review of non-pharmacological therapies for cancer patients" by Maria Kangas, Dana H. Bovbjerg and Guy H. Montgomery (Psychological Bulletin, 2008[Sep], Vol 134[5], 700-741). The URL to the Supplemental Materials for the article is listed incorrectly in two places in the…

  2. Research Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serig, Dan, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    This research review is dedicated to the memory of William Safire (1929-2009). A visionary leader, Safire brought other visionaries, researchers, educators, artists, and policymakers together to explore the confluence of arts education and neuroscience. He fostered the new field of neuroeducation in his work as chair of The Dana Foundation in…

  3. 76 FR 55422 - National Science Board; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ...: Jennie L. Moehlmann, [email protected] , (703) 292-7000. PUBLIC AFFAIRS CONTACT: Dana Topousis, dtopousi.... Phil Stokes, SAGUARO Program. Dr. Jennie Scott, Director of Curriculum and Articulation Services, Pima... Professor, School of Life Science, Arizona State University. CSB Subcommittee on Facilities (SCF) Open...

  4. Strategic Aspects of Pacific Cooperation Proposals,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-01

    Dist Special RESUME ANALYTIQUE Des groupes privfis, benfificiant d’un certain appui off iciel au Japon , aux E-U, en Australie et dana certains pays...et indirectes en termes de defense pour les E-U et le * Canada. Au sein d’une telle communautfi, le Japon pourrait jouer un rale en matiare de sicuritg

  5. A Collection of Reprints,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    144. Wiley Interscience, New York. Csanady, G. T., 1981, Circulation in the coastal ocean. In (Barry Saltzman , ed.) Advances in Geophysics. Academic...Deep-Sea Res., 13:607-620. Hurlburt, H. E. and J. Dana Thompson, 1973, Coastal upwelling on a beta-plane. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 3(l):16-32. Huthnance

  6. The Trilateral Force: The Atlantic Alliance and the Future of Nuclear Weapons Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    Commission Report: Modernizing US. Nuclear Strategy, Force Structure and Posture, Global Zero (2012), 6. 27 Dana Johnson, et al., "Triad, Dyad, Monad...2012. Forsyth, J., B. Saltzman , and G. Schaub. "Remembrance of Things Past: The Enduring Value ofNuclear Weapons." Strategic Studies Quarterly

  7. The Rapid Detection of Single Bacterial Cells by Deep UV Micro Raman Spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-01

    Saltzman and C.T. Gregg, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 44, 1081 (1982). 14. D.’. Mc Greggor, W.K. Grace and G.C. Salzman, in "Rapid Methods and...was used by Dr. Marcus Peter of the Dana -Farber Cancer Institute. During that period he came to our laboratories weekly to study GTP- binding

  8. Some aspects of production and marketing milk and dairy products in Yugoslavia

    OpenAIRE

    Raljić, Dušan; Gavarić, Dragoljub; Kulić, Ljiljana

    1985-01-01

    U radu je dana kratka ocjena proizvodnje i potrošnje mlijeka i mliječnih proizvoda u Jugoslaviji, njihov uvoz i izvoz, tendencije i pariteti cijena mlijeka u posljednjih nekoliko godina, kao i konkretan primjer osnovnih proizvodno-ekonomskih pokazatelja jednog društvenog proizvođača mlijeka u nas.

  9. Use of bioethanol as an additive or substitute for petrol and diesel oil increases in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sarkkinen, K.

    1998-01-01

    Brazil has used bioethanol for decades, to replace gasoline and gasoline additives based on mineral resources. The United States initiated a bioethanol programme 15 years ago, to reduce vehicle emissions and encourage the use of renewable raw materials in fuels. Today, the bioethanol production capacity is 12 million tons/a in Brazil and 5 million tons/a in the United States. In Europe, Sweden and France have been the first to follow this trend. The first European fuel ethanol plant was constructed in France in 1995, and another plant has been designed and is awaiting an investment decision. Spain is going ahead with a project, and a fuel ethanol plant may start up in Sweden in 1998. JPI Process Contracting was chosen as the contractor for the French and Spanish projects. Since bioethanol is more expensive than fossil fuels and fuel additives for vehicles, governments typically support bioethanol production through tax exemptions for a period of 5 to 10 years. In the meantime, new processes based on cellulosic raw materials are actively studied in several countries, but development to full commercial scale could take as much as 10 years. (author)

  10. A model for the description of feeding regulation by mesozooplankton under different conditions of temperature and prey nutritional status

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Acheampong, Emmanuel; Acheampong, Emmanuel; Hense, Inga

    2014-01-01

    Ecosystem modelling studies that consider mesozooplankton feeding regulation have primarily focused on the impact of prey nutritional status and temperature separately, despite experimental evidence for strong links between these two factors. Here, we propose a method based on optimal feeding...... behaviour of individual mesozooplankton that can be used to derive acclimative food ingestion, assimilation, and respiration under different temperature and food conditions. In the model, animals first evaluate the nutritional value of prey organisms based on their temperature-specific demand for energy...... support and extend conclusions previously obtained for mesozooplankton and indicate that ocean warming could alter the role of Acartia spp. in planktonic food webs. © 2013 Elsevier B.V....

  11. Study of the copepods population in the Oum Er Rbia estuary (Atlantic Moroccan coast): tides and reservoir release effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    El Khalki, A.; Moncef, M.

    2007-01-01

    Variation of environmental parameters and copepods population were studied in the Oum Er Rbia estuary (Atlantic - Moroccan coast) according to the seasons, ( August 1995 to August 1997), tides and reservoir release events. Environemental variability influences copepods diversity and abundance. Salinity (5 to 20 g l-1) appears as the main controlling factor. Among the 27 copepod species recorded, only three marine species (Oithona helgolandica, Euterpina acutifrons, Acartia clausi) and one freshwater species (Acanthocyclops robustus) are able to maintain significant populations due to their large degree of tolerance to salinity changes. (author)

  12. Differential interactions between the nematocyst-bearing mixotrophic dinoflagellate Paragymnodinium shiwhaense and common heterotrophic protists and copepods: Killer or prey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Hae Jin; Kim, Jae Seong; Lee, Kyung Ha; Seong, Kyeong Ah; Yoo, Yeong Du; Kang, Nam Seon; Kim, Tae Hoon; Song, Jae Yoon; Kwon, Ji Eun

    2017-02-01

    To investigate interactions between the nematocyst-bearing mixotrophic dinoflagellate Paragymnodinium shiwhaense and different heterotrophic protist and copepod species, feeding by common heterotrophic dinoflagellates (Oxyrrhis marina and Gyrodinium dominans), naked ciliates (Strobilidium sp. approximately 35μm in cell length and Strombidinopsis sp. approximately 100μm in cell length), and calanoid copepods Acartia spp. (A. hongi and A. omorii) on P. shiwhaense was explored. In addition, the feeding activities of P. shiwhaense on these heterotrophic protists were investigated. Furthermore, the growth and ingestion rates of O. marina, G. dominans, Strobilidium sp., Strombidinopsis sp., and Acartia spp. as a function of P. shiwhaense concentration were measured. O. marina, G. dominans, and Strombidinopsis sp. were able to feed on P. shiwhaense, but Strobilidium sp. was not. However, the growth rates of O. marina, G. dominans, Strobilidium sp., and Strombidinopsis sp. feeding on P. shiwhaense were very low or negative at almost all concentrations of P. shiwhaense. P. shiwhaense frequently fed on O. marina and Strobilidium sp., but did not feed on Strombidinopsis sp. and G. dominans. G. dominans cells swelled and became dead when incubated with filtrate from the experimental bottles (G. dominans+P. shiwhaense) that had been incubated for one day. The ingestion rates of O. marina, G. dominans, and Strobilidium sp. on P. shiwhaense were almost zero at all P. shiwhaense concentrations, while those of Strombidinopsis sp. increased with prey concentration. The maximum ingestion rate of Strombidinopsis sp. on P. shiwhaense was 5.3ngC predator -1 d -1 (41 cells predator -1 d -1 ), which was much lower than ingestion rates reported in the literature for other mixotrophic dinoflagellate prey species. With increasing prey concentrations, the ingestion rates of Acartia spp. on P. shiwhaense increased up to 930ngCml -1 (7180cellsml -1 ) at the highest prey concentration. The

  13. Ocean acidification challenges copepod phenotypic plasticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Vehmaa

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Ocean acidification is challenging phenotypic plasticity of individuals and populations. Calanoid copepods (zooplankton are shown to be fairly plastic against altered pH conditions, and laboratory studies indicate that transgenerational effects are one mechanism behind this plasticity. We studied phenotypic plasticity of the copepod Acartia sp. in the course of a pelagic, large-volume mesocosm study that was conducted to investigate ecosystem and biogeochemical responses to ocean acidification. We measured copepod egg production rate, egg-hatching success, adult female size and adult female antioxidant capacity (ORAC as a function of acidification (fCO2  ∼  365–1231 µatm and as a function of quantity and quality of their diet. We used an egg transplant experiment to reveal whether transgenerational effects can alleviate the possible negative effects of ocean acidification on offspring development. We found significant negative effects of ocean acidification on adult female size. In addition, we found signs of a possible threshold at high fCO2, above which adaptive maternal effects cannot alleviate the negative effects of acidification on egg-hatching and nauplii development. We did not find support for the hypothesis that insufficient food quantity (total particulate carbon < 55 µm or quality (C : N weakens the transgenerational effects. However, females with high-ORAC-produced eggs with high hatching success. Overall, these results indicate that Acartia sp. could be affected by projected near-future CO2 levels.

  14. Ocean acidification challenges copepod phenotypic plasticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vehmaa, Anu; Almén, Anna-Karin; Brutemark, Andreas; Paul, Allanah; Riebesell, Ulf; Furuhagen, Sara; Engström-Öst, Jonna

    2016-11-01

    Ocean acidification is challenging phenotypic plasticity of individuals and populations. Calanoid copepods (zooplankton) are shown to be fairly plastic against altered pH conditions, and laboratory studies indicate that transgenerational effects are one mechanism behind this plasticity. We studied phenotypic plasticity of the copepod Acartia sp. in the course of a pelagic, large-volume mesocosm study that was conducted to investigate ecosystem and biogeochemical responses to ocean acidification. We measured copepod egg production rate, egg-hatching success, adult female size and adult female antioxidant capacity (ORAC) as a function of acidification (fCO2 ˜ 365-1231 µatm) and as a function of quantity and quality of their diet. We used an egg transplant experiment to reveal whether transgenerational effects can alleviate the possible negative effects of ocean acidification on offspring development. We found significant negative effects of ocean acidification on adult female size. In addition, we found signs of a possible threshold at high fCO2, above which adaptive maternal effects cannot alleviate the negative effects of acidification on egg-hatching and nauplii development. We did not find support for the hypothesis that insufficient food quantity (total particulate carbon < 55 µm) or quality (C : N) weakens the transgenerational effects. However, females with high-ORAC-produced eggs with high hatching success. Overall, these results indicate that Acartia sp. could be affected by projected near-future CO2 levels.

  15. Sumber Daya Kesehatan dalam Penyusunan Perencanaan Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Padang Pariaman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasrida Yunita

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Perencanaan merupakan inti kegiatan manajemen, karena semua kegiatan manajemen diatur dan diarahkan oleh perencanaan tersebut. Kurang sempurnanya usulan perencanaan bisa disebabkan oleh kekurangan dibagian sumber daya seperti kebijakan, tenaga, dana, sarana prasarana, serta data dan informasi. Dalam dua tahun terakhir di Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Padang Pariaman terjadi kecenderungan penurunan capaian indikator program kesehatan. Hal ini salah satunya disebabkan oleh kurang sempurnanya perencanaan program dan kegiatan yang direncanakan setiap tahunnya. Tujuan penelitian diketahuinya sumber daya kesehatan dalam penyusunan perencanaan Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Padang Pariaman. Metode penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan teknik wawancara mendalam dengan 12 orang informan. Hasil penelitian menyatakan pelaksanaaan penyusunan perencanaan telah mengikuti kebijakan yang sesuai dengan ketentuan dan perundangan yang berlaku, kualitas tenaga perencana dan data yang masih kurang, sarana dan prasarana yang cukup memadai tapi masih kurang dalam hal pemeliharaan serta dana yang sudah tersedia. Agar perencanaan berkualitas, maka perlu pelatihan tenaga perencana, penempatan tenaga sesuai keahliannya dan membentuk tim khusus dalam pengolahan data.

  16. Work on the hot atom chemistry at the Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Yugoslavia; Hemija vruceg atoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Veljkovic, S [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1969-07-01

    A survey of work on hot atom chemistry from the establishment of the Institute up to now, where the role of Prof. P. Savic, should be specially emphasized, is given. The investigations in this domain during the first period, were directed to solve various problems in production of radioactive isotopes. Today these investigations are closely associated with the work in radiochemistry, physical chemistry of liquid and solid systems and fast reaction kinetics improving the development of these branches (author) [Serbo-Croat] Daje se pregled rada na hemiji vruceg atoma od osnivanja Instituta do danas, pri cemu se narocito istice uloga koju je u tome imao prof. P. Savic. Dok su u prvom periodu istrazivanja u ovoj oblasti doprinosila resavanju raznih problema proizvodnje radioaktivnih izotopa, ona su danas tesno povezana sa radom u radiohemiji, fizickoj hemiji tecnih i cvrstih sistema, kinetici brzih reakcija, doprinoseci sa svoje strane razvoju tih oblasti (author)

  17. RECONSTRUCTION OF PENSION FUND PERFORMANCE MODEL AS AN EFFORT TO WORTHY PENSION FUND GOVERNANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apriyanto Gaguk

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to reconstruct the performance assessment model on Pension Fund by modifying Baldrige Assessment method that is adjusted to the conditions in Dana Pensiun A (Pension Fund A in order to realize Good Pension Fund Governance. This study design uses case study analysis. The research sites were conducted in Dana Pensiun A. The informants in the study included the employer, supervisory board, pension fund management, active and passive pension fund participant as well as financial services authority elements as the regulator. The result of this research is a construction of a comprehensive and profound retirement performance assessment model with attention to aspects of growth and fair distribution. The model includes the parameters of leadership, strategic planning, stakeholders focus, measurement, analysis, and knowledge management, workforce focus, standard operational procedure focus, result, just and fair distribution of wealth and power.

  18. EFFICIENCY OF INDONESIA’S MUTUAL FUNDS DURING 2007-2011 BY USING DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS (DEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riko Hendrawan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to assess the efficiency of mutual funds in Indonesia during the period 2007to 2011. To measure their efficiencies, the output-input data consisting of a panel of 105 mutual funds thatconsisted of 29 equity mutual funds, 38 balanced mutual funds and 39 fixed mutual funds were empiricallyexamined based on the most commonly used non-parametric approach, namely, Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA. The study found that based on the average score in during 2007 – 2011 performance of equity mutualfund Commonwealth Life Investra Equity had the highest index score, meanwhile Trimegah - trim capital wasthe lowest, performance of balanced mutual fund Reksa Dana CIMB-principal Dollar had the highest indexscore, meanwhile first State Indonesian Multistrategy was the lowest. Performance of equity mutual fund BrentDana Tetap had the highest index score, meanwhile stable debenture fund had the lowest one.

  19. Toxicity tests with crustaceans for detecting sublethal effects of potential endocrine disrupting chemicals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wollenberger, Leah

    /antagonistic activity with the ecdysteroid-responsive Drosophila melanogaster BII cell line 6) to draft an OECD guideline proposal for testing of chemicals based on the experimental work performed within this study In preliminary investigations with A. tonsa were studied various parameters related to processes......New and updated test methods to detect and characterise endocrine disrupting chemicals are urgently needed for the purpose of environmental risk assessment. Although endocrine disruption in invertebrates has not been studied as extensive as in vertebrates, in particular in fish, numerous reports...... of the present Ph.D. project were: 1) to develop a fully synthetic saltwater medium suitable for laboratory culturing of marine copepods including their feeding organism as well as for toxicity testing 2) to identify sensitive endpoints related to growth, development and reproduction of the pelagic calanoid...

  20. Identifying Breast Cancer Oncogenes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    cells we observed that it promoted transformation of HMLE cells, suggesting a tumor suppressive role of Merlin in breast cancer (Figure 4B). A...08-1-0767 TITLE: Identifying Breast Cancer Oncogenes PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Yashaswi Shrestha...Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18 W81XWH-08-1-0767 Identifying Breast Cancer Oncogenes Yashaswi Shrestha Dana-Farber

  1. Violent victimization of adult patients with severe mental illness: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Latalova, Klara; Kamaradova, Dana; Prasko, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Klara Latalova,1,2 Dana Kamaradova,1,2 Jan Prasko1,2 1Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 2Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic Abstract: The aims of this paper are to review data on the prevalence and correlates of violent victimization of persons with severe mental illness, to critically evaluate the literature, and to explore possible approaches for future research. PubMed/MEDLINE and PsycINFO d...

  2. E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., Process Section Manufacturing Division, November 1956

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1956-12-15

    This document presents monthly progress at the Savannah River Plant in the 100, 200, 300, and 400 Areas. In the 100 Area (reactors), the power ascension program, the productivity improvement program and general progress is given. Tritium processing, 200-F increased capacity, and waste disposal are reported for the solvent extraction plants in the 200 Area. The increased productivity program is reported for the 300 Area. Dana plant activities and 400-D progress are reported in the 400 area report (heavy water).

  3. Therapeutic Strategies Against Cyclin E1 Amplified Ovarian Cancers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-01

    13-14 ( References ) 1. INTRODUCTION: Approximately 20% of high grade serous ovarian cancers harbor Cyclin E1 (CCNE1) amplification and are associated... Harvard Medical School and was named Director of Translational Research in the Gynecologic Oncology Program at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. How...on HDAC6 activity. Nat Cell Biol 19:962-973. PMID: 28737768. PMC5541905. Books or other non-periodical, one-time publications. “Nothing to Report

  4. Randomized Trial of Asprin as Adjuvant Therapy for Node-Positive Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-15-1-0268 TITLE: Randomized Trial of Asprin as Adjuvant Therapy for Node-Positive Breast Cancer PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR...Eric Winer CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Boston, MA 02215 REPORT DATE: OCTOBER 2017 TYPE OF REPORT: ANNUAL PREPARED FOR...CONTRACT NUMBER Randomized Trial of Asprin as Adjuvant Therapy for Node- Positive Breast Cancer 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR

  5. Targeting TMPRSS2-ERG in Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-1-0212 TITLE: Targeting TMPRSS2-ERG in Prostate Cancer PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: David Takeda CONTRACTING...ORGANIZATION: Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Boston, MA 02215 REPORT DATE: November 2017 TYPE OF REPORT: Final PREPARED FOR: U.S. Army Medical Research...Prostate Cancer 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-13-1-0212 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) David Takeda 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e

  6. Liderazgo en prevención de riesgos laborales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Ambroj Sancho

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La planificación, implantación y mantenimiento de una serie de acciones y herramientas concretas, dentro de una cultura preventiva y de mejora continua, que han mostrado ser efectivas en la mejora de las condiciones de trabajo, en la reducción de la siniestralidad, y que conllevan un incremento en la satisfacción de las personas que trabajan en Dana.

  7. EST Table: AV398707 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/28 51 %/126 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-PA 10/08.../10 45 %/122 aa gnl|Amel|GB12396-PA 10/09/10 54 %/111 aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 NV06 ...

  8. EST Table: CK539575 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/31 57 %/156 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-...75 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 58 %/152 aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 swh ...

  9. EST Table: BP182821 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/29 51 %/172 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-PA 10/08.../10 48 %/146 aa gnl|Amel|GB12396-PA 10/09/10 55 %/159 aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 NRPG ...

  10. EST Table: BP182623 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/29 50 %/175 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-PA 10/08.../10 48 %/146 aa gnl|Amel|GB12396-PA 10/09/10 56 %/161 aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 NRPG ...

  11. Operation, maintenance and utilization of the RA reactor, Annual report 1978; Pogon, odrzavanje i eksploatacija reaktora RA, Izvestaj o radu u 1978. godini

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milosevic, M [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1978-12-15

    It has been planned for 1978 that the RA reactor would be operated for 158 dana at nominal power of 6.5 MW meaning production of 24 648 MWh. The plan was fulfilled since 24 652 MWh was produces. Reactor operation for 158 days is relevant to reactor operation for 200 days in the period before 1975. The reason is increased neutron flux achieved due to improved fuel management and the characteristics of the new 80% enriched fuel. At the end of 1978 the reactor core contained 45% of 80% enriched fuel elements. Increase of neutron flux has shortened the typical time needed for irradiation of the most important samples for isotope production. This significant success in reactor operation is at the same time an obligation for increasing its utilization. Some new trends proposed for increasing reactor utilization capacities were presented at the Conference on utilization of research nuclear reactors in Yugoslavia held in May 1978. [Serbo-Croat] Reaktor RA imao je u planu za 1978. godinu 158 dana rada na nominalnoj snazi od 6.5 MW, sto odgovara radu od 24 648 MWh. Ostvareno je 24 652 MWh sto znaci da je plan ostvaren. Rad reaktora od 158 dana odgovara radu reaktora od 200 dana u periodu pre 1975. godine. Razlog je povecanje neutronskog fluksa zahvaljujuci usavrsenom rukovanju gorivom i karakteristikama novog 80% obogacenog goriva. Krajem 1978. godine 45% jezgra reaktora bilo je popunjeno novim 80% obogacenim gorivom. Povecani neutronski fluks omogucio je skracenje vremena ozracivanja vaznih uzoraka za proizvodnju radioaktivnih izotopa. Ovaj znacajan uspeh je istovremeno obaveza znatno veceg iskoriscenja reaktora RA. Rezultati napora da se postigne vece iskoriscenje reaktora RA prezentirani su na Konferenciji o koriscenju nuklearnih reaktora u Jugoslaviji koja je odrzana u maju 1978.

  12. United States Navy Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) Costs: A Preliminary Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-26

    inspiration to us, Cullen M. Greenfield, Cameron A. Ingram, Stephen A. Ures, Dana M. Herbert, James A. Prosser, Rachele A. Wharton, Alexander Kaczur...1ST LT JACK LUMMUS T-AK 6 15 8,785,619 42,392,055 24,070 116,143 PFC DEWAYNE T. WILLIAMS T-AK 4 28 5,080,970 28,210,371 13,920 77,289 SACAGAWEA T-AKE

  13. Pertukaran Otomatis dalam Informasi: Perspektif Ekonomi Politik

    OpenAIRE

    Akmam, Sidharta

    2018-01-01

    Singapura merupakan mitra dagang dan investasi utama bagi Indonesia. Kedua negarasaling membutuhkan terlepas dari pasang surutnya hubungan keduanya. Hal yang seringdisoroti pemerintah Indonesia adalah harta milik warga negara Indonesia yang disimpan diSingapura dan diperkirakan mencapai 60% dari seluruh kekayaan warga Indonesia di luarnegeri. Hal ini menjadi semakin penting karena ada kebutuhan dana dalam jumlah besaruntuk menunjang pembangunan infrastruktur. Tujuan penulisan ini adalah untuk...

  14. Exploiting moral wiggle room

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tara Larson

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available We designed an experiment to test the robustness of Dana, Weber, and Kuang's (DWK, 2007 results. DWK observed that, when participants were given a ``costless'' way --- the click of a button --- to ignore the consequences of their actions on others' payoffs, they chose to remain ignorant and fair behavior diminished. By implementing a double-blind experiment together with a design that controls for alternative explanations for the observed behavior, we confirmed DWK's findings.

  15. The Challenges for Us Psychologized Moderns

    OpenAIRE

    Jill G. Morawski

    2016-01-01

    In a reparative history Dana Simmons boldly faces self feelings of imposture and guilt and engages them to consider how science studies can move beyond critical appraisals to undertake the greater, more important task of reassembling the self and studies of the self. For readers who are aware of their psychologized self-conceptions, her history promises opportunities for re-appraisal and re-assemblage. This commentary appreciates Simmons’ illumination of the race, class, and gender constitue...

  16. The Role of Religion in Higher Education Funding:Special Reference to Hinduism and Buddhism in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masitoh Ahmad

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Religion is one of the recognised factors which play important roles in changing human lives. It influences various aspects of man’s life spectrum. Generally, each and every religion promotes man’s well-being and brings guidance to improve man’s lives psychologically, sociologically, spiritually and economically. From the economic point of view, every religion therefore provides sacred instruments to improve the society. In Hinduism and Buddhism, dana (charity, through redistribution of wealthis one of the economic sacred instruments practised to enhance man’s well-being. Therefore, Hinduism and Buddhism, amidst the other major world’s religionsin Malaysia, strive to play their own vital role in inculcating the sense of awareness among its adherents on the importance of charity and knowledge; for charity is known through knowledge (dharma. Both religions maintain that knowledge and hence, education has vital values and roles in order for man to attain happiness and prosperity in life, physically and spiritually. This research focuses on the economic role of religion, specifically Hinduism and Buddhism, in developing the society’s well-being through funding for higher education in contemporary Malaysia. It discusses the concept of dana (charity and its significance in the teachings of the two Indian religions, as well as factors encouraging their adherents to the practice of giving and charity. This paper will also examine the role and dana management of two religious institutions, namely the Penang Hindu Endowments Board (PHEB and Malaysian Buddhist Association in higher education financing. This research incorporates both library research and field studies, wherein survey and interview methods are applied. It suggests that the doctrine of dana in Hinduism and Buddhism plays important roles for the well-being of the society in contemporary Malaysia, specifically in economy and education.

  17. Reciprocal Interactions between Multiple Myeloma Cells and Osteoprogenitor Cells Affect Bone Formation and Tumor Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    to-Prevent-Bone- Cancer-Strengthen-Bones.aspx. June 30, 2014. 2. DFCI’s Magazine : Paths of Progress, Page 18-19. Spring/Summer 2015. See Appendix 3...financial interest in BIND Therapeutics, Se- lecta Biosciences, and Blend Therapeutics, three biotechnology companies developing nanoparticle technologies...Progress Spring/Summer 2015 Dana-Farber Cancer Inst i tute ArouND ThE INSTITuTE Boston magazine named 57 physicians and surgeons affiliated

  18. Crowfunding: A Way to Financing Creative Business in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bima Yudhistira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstractCrowdfunding, a new term in financial industries. It provides fund for a new start-up project. In Australia where it becomes the basis of this study, Pozible as a leading crowdfunding platform has already launched 6.929 projects. The fund of US$22.930.536 was used for financing the projects, and 56 percent of the projects were successful. This research has an objective; it is to measure the degree of significancy using linear regression model. The result shows that among the businesses that has already funded by crowdfunding system, ‘video game’ is one of the most favorite project. It is successful in getting pledges. However, food and drink did not get fund as much as the favorites project. It was based on the percentage of fund that has already got from crowdfunding. In short, crowdfunding can help creative business as a top rank start-up rather than manufacture business.Crowdfunding, istilah baru dalam industri keuangan. Crowdfunding adalah dana untuk proyek rintisan. Pozible sebagai platform crowdfunding terkemuka telah meluncurkan 6,929 proyek di Australia. Negara tersebut menjadi dasar dari penelitian ini. Dana sebesar $ 22.930.536 US digunakan untuk membiayai proyek-proyek dan 56 persen dari proyek tersebut sukses. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat signifikansi dengan menggunakan model regresi linier. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa di antara bisnis yang sudah didanai oleh sistem crowdfunding, ‘video game’ adalah salah satu proyek yang paling favorit dan sukses dalam mendapatkan jaminan. Sedangkan makanan dan minuman tidak mendapatkan dana sebanyak proyek favorit. Hal ini didasarkan pada persentase dana yang telah diperoleh dari crowdfunding. Kesimpulannya adalah crowdfunding lebih bisa membantu bisnis kreatif sebagai a top rank start-up daripada bisnis manufaktur

  19. ANALISIS PERILAKU PENYUSUN ANGGARAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF KEAGENAN PADA KABUPATEN DAN KOTA DI PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN

    OpenAIRE

    ILMI, A. NURUL

    2016-01-01

    2016 Analisis Perilaku Penyusun Anggaran dalam Perspektif Keagenan pada Kabupaten dan Kota di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan Analysis of Budget Compiler???s Behavior within the Agency Perspective in Regency and City of South Sulawesi Province A. Nurul Ilmi Mediaty Aini Indrijawati Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh perubahan Pendapatan Asli Daerah dan perubahan Dana Perimbangan terhadap perilaku oportunistik penyusun anggaran yang menjelaskan mengenai hubungan k...

  20. Penanganan Cyber Crime di Sektor Perbankan di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Putra, Prima Agusdani

    2011-01-01

    Di dalam dunia perbankan perkembangan cyber crime cukup mengejutkan dengan terjadi beberapa kasus yang merugikan pihak perbankan seperti; kasus pembobolan BNI New York oleh mantan karyawannya sendiri, mutasi kredit fiktif melalui komputer di BDN Cabang Bintaro Jaya, pencurian dana di Bank Danamon Pusat. Sementara itu sejumlah nasabah pemegang credit card juga mengeluh, karena nomor kartu kreditnya telah dipakai pihak lain untuk melakukan transaksi e-commerce sehingga menimbu...

  1. Perspectives on perceived stigma and self-stigma in adult male patients with depression

    OpenAIRE

    Latalova K; Kamaradova D; Prasko J

    2014-01-01

    Klara Latalova, Dana Kamaradova, Jan Prasko Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University Palacky Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic Abstract: There are two principal types of stigma in mental illness, ie, “public stigma” and “self-stigma”. Public stigma is the perception held by others that the mentally ill individual is socially undesirable. Stigmatized persons may internalize perceived prejudices and develop negative feeling...

  2. High Frontier: The Journal for Space & Missile Professionals. Volume 1, Number 3, Winter 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    i. 16 Ibid., i. 17 Dana Johnson and Ariel E. Levite , Toward Fusion of Air and Space: Surveying Developments and Assessing Choices for Small and...another quantum jump in American exploitation of space-based communications, naviga- tion, and ISR (intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance) in...defense has been defined as requiring the quantum of re- sponding force to be “limited in intensity and magnitude to what is reasonably necessary

  3. Formation of Gaps at the Specimen-Bar Interfaces in Numerical Simulations of Compression Hopkinson Bar Tests on Soft, Nearly Incompressible Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    MISSISSIPPI MECHANICAL ENGINEERING A RAJENDRAN 201 CARRIER HALL UNIVERSITY MS 38677 2 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO ...extrapolation of the data given in Aihaiti and Hemley (10); the authors attribute this data to Dana Dattlebaum at Los Alamos National Laboratory...region bordering the centerline, about 6–8 specimen lengths back from the S-IB interface. From 164.2 to164.6 s (figures 19 and 20), the pressure

  4. Pelaksanaan Kontrak Kerjasama dengan Sistem Bangun Guna Serah / Build Operate Transfer (Bot) dalam Pembangunan Infrastruktur Jalan Tol Medan – Kualanamu – Tebing Tinggi

    OpenAIRE

    Budi Santoso, Rinitami Njatrijani, Putri Anita Sitanggang*

    2017-01-01

    Kontrak kerjasama dengan sistem bangun guna serah / Build Operate Transfer (BOT) yang diterapkan dalam Perjanjian Pengusahaan Jalan Tol (PPJT) telah membantu pemerintah dalam membangun Jalan Tol Medan – Kualanamu – Tebing Tinggi. Dengan adanya sistem BOT, maka pemerintah tidak lagi kesulitan dalam penyediaan dana untuk merealisasikan jalan tol tersebut. Disamping itu pelaksanaan kontrak kerjasama tersebut haruslah mengacu pada Peraturan Presiden Nomor 38 Tahun 2015 tentang Kerjasama Pemerinta...

  5. Gurui kvalitete

    OpenAIRE

    Šiško Kuliš, Marija; Mrduljaš, Zvonko

    2009-01-01

    Od početka industrijske proizvodnje do danas, kvaliteta se razvijala od jednostavnog kontroliranja, preko osiguranja i upravaljanja kvalitetom do razine perfekcije. Važnu ulogu u razvoju misli o kvaliteti, kao i njenu implementaciju u gospodarstvu imali su gurui kvalitete. Cilj ovog rada je dati pregled najvažnijih doprinosa, s osnovnim biografskim podacima, devetorice najzna ajnijih gurua kvalitete: Edward Deming, Joseph Juran, Philip Crosby, Kaoru Ishikawa, Genichi Taguchi, Armand Feigenbau...

  6. The rules of engagement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davies, Sarah Rachael

    2013-01-01

    This article reflects on the “dialogic turn,” focusing on one analytical framework for understanding the wide range of processes that fall under the rubric of engagement. The notion of power-in-interaction is explored using a case study of informal dialogue, the Dana Centre, London. Using...... that imposed hierarchies are continually re-negotiated. In concluding I reflect on some implications of using power in the analysis of engagement....

  7. Utjecaj bakteriološke kakvoće mlijeka na trajnost pasteriziranog mlijeka

    OpenAIRE

    Kršev, Ljerka; Tratnik, Ljubica; Pirjavec, Irena; Borović, Anica

    1992-01-01

    Tijekom ljetnog razdoblja kontrolirana je mikrobiološka kakvoća 10 skupnih uzoraka sirovog mlijeka. Nakon pasterizacije (80 °C/60") istih uzoraka određena je mikrobiološka kakvoća i održivost pri temperaturi okoline i pri +8 °C. Pasterizirano se mlijeko može čuvati do 5 dana.

  8. Pengaruh Kualitas Kelompok dan Peer Monitoring terhadap Kinerja Program Kredit Mikro

    OpenAIRE

    Sumadi, Sumadi

    2017-01-01

    Kredit mikro merupakan istilah untuk menyebutkan pinjaman yang satuan jumlahnya relatif kecil bempa uang tunai yang diberikan kepada pihak tertentu yang membutuhkan. Pihak yang memberikan pinjaman atau sering juga disebut dengan kreditur bisa berupa lembaga keuangan yang berupa bank, perusahaan pegadaian, koperasi atau lembaga-lembaga bukan keuangan yang mempunyai kepentingan untuk menyalurkan dana untuk tujuan tertentu. Sedangkan pihak yang meminjam atau sering juga disebut dengan debitur ad...

  9. POJAM I STRUKTURA SOCIJALNOG SUKOBA

    OpenAIRE

    Vlah, Nataša

    2010-01-01

    Autorica polazi od pretpostavke da je profesionalcima u odgojnom i obrazovnom radu danas neophodno razumijevanje socijalnih sukoba jer je učinkovitost u upravljanju socijalnim sukobima prediktor dobrih međuljudskih odnosa u vrtićima, školama, domovima i drugim odgojno-obrazovnim ustanovama. Takvi su odnosi poticajno okruženje optimalnih razvojnih ishoda za pojedino dijete i adolescenta. Cilj rada je dati teorijsku analizu pojma i strukture socijalnih sukoba sa svrhom boljeg razumijevanj...

  10. Twenty years of chemistry associated with the needs and utilization of nuclear reactors at the 'Boris Kidric' Institute of nuclear sciences, Vinca, Yugoslavia; Dvadeset godina hemije vezane za potrebe i koriscenje nuklearnih reaktora u Institutu za nuklearne nauke 'Boris kidric' i Vinci - Radiohemija

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dizdar, Z [Institute of Nuclear Sciences Boris Kidric, Vinca, Beograd (Serbia and Montenegro)

    1969-07-01

    The history of the work in the field of radiochemistry at the Boris Kidric Institute of nuclear sciences, Vinca, Yugoslavia, is given. The technical, organization and staff conditions on which further successful development in this domain depends are discussed (author) [Serbo-Croat] Daje se istorijat rada na radiohemiji u Institutu za nuklearne nauke 'Boris Kidric' u Vinci od njegovog osnivanja do danas. Govori se o tehnickim, organizacionim i kadrovskim uslovima od kojih zavisi dalji uspesan razvoj ove oblasti (author)

  11. Extensible Open-Source Zero-Footprint Web Viewer for Oncologic Imaging Research | Informatics Technology for Cancer Research (ITCR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Tumor Imaging Metrics Core (TIMC), a CCSG Shared-Resource of the Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center, has developed software for managing the workflow and image measurements for oncology clinical trials. This system currently is in use across the five Harvard hospitals to manage over 600 active clinical trials, with 800 users, and has been licensed and implemented at several other Cancer Centers, including Yale, Utah/Huntsman Cancer Institute, and UW/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance.

  12. Problems of space-time behaviour of nuclear reactors; Problemi prostorno-vremenskog ponasanja nuklearnih reaktora

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Obradovic, D [Institut za nuklearne nauke ' Boris Kidric' , Vinca, Belgrade (Yugoslavia)

    1966-07-01

    This paper covers a review of literature and mathematical methods applied for space-time behaviour of nuclear reactors. The review of literature is limited to unresolved problems and trends of actual research in the field of reactor physics. Dat je pregled literature i matematickih metoda koje se koriste prilikom tretiranja prostorno-vremenskog ponasanja nuklearnih reaktora. Pregled literature ogranicen je na jos neresene probleme i pravce u kojima su danas usmerena istrazivanja u ovoj oblasti fizike nuklearnih reaktora (author)

  13. Is this the end of cytotoxic chemotherapy in Merkel cell carcinoma?

    OpenAIRE

    Rabinowits, Guilherme

    2017-01-01

    Guilherme Rabinowits Department of Medical Oncology, Center for Head and Neck Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: Although cytotoxic chemotherapy has been used often in the management of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), its benefit remains uncertain. Despite being considered a chemosensitive disease, the duration of response is generally short, and the survival benefit is unclear. With the recent FDA approval of the anti-programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) antib...

  14. Pikler pedagogika raného věku

    OpenAIRE

    Noack, Dana

    2012-01-01

    Title: The Pikler Early Childhood Education Author: Dana Noack Department: Katedra psychologie, FF UK Supervisor: Prof. PhDr. Lenka Šulová, CSc. Abstract: The intention of this study was to explore how the parents who are familiar with the Piklerian principles use these in upbringing their children in the family in the period of early childhood. The theoretical part describes the process of socialization (with the emphasis on the preconditions for the early interaction both on the child's and...

  15. Fannish discourse communities and the construction of gender in The X-Files

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Regan Wills

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Fandoms can constitute discourse communities, where fans make claims about issues of real-world political importance, such as the relationship between gender, power, and autonomy, and where other fans engage with and evaluate those claims. In fan works and fan analyses of Dana Scully in the television show The X-Files, fans pose claims both in discussion spaces and in the creation of fan fiction, and these fannish evaluations and discussions of these fictions analyze those claims.

  16. Projectile Follower System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-01

    HALSTEAD, "The Flight Follower - a Device for the Cinematography of Objects in Rapid Transitional Flight’, 6th International Congress High Speed...Photography, Hague, 1962. 3. Fuller, P.W.W., ’The Flight Follower - a Device for Cinematography ef Objects in Rapid Transitional Flight’, RARDE Paper presented...5 Ames Research Center Alexandria, VA 22304-6145 Moffett Field, CA 94035-1099 HQDA 1 Commander DANA- ART -M US Army Communications- Washington, DC

  17. Impact of dissociation on treatment of depressive and anxiety spectrum disorders with and without personality disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Prasko, Jan; Grambal, Ales; Kasalova, Petra; Kamardova, Dana; Ociskova, Marie; Holubova, Michaela; Vrbova, Kristyna; Sigmundova, Zuzana; Latalova, Klara; Slepecky, Milos; Zatkova, Marta

    2016-01-01

    Jan Prasko,1 Ales Grambal,1 Petra Kasalova,1 Dana Kamardova,1 Marie Ociskova,1 Michaela Holubova,1,2 Kristyna Vrbova,1 Zuzana Sigmundova,1 Klara Latalova,1 Milos Slepecky,3 Marta Zatkova3 1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University in Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, 2Psychiatric Department, Hospital Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic; 3Department of Psychology Sciences, Faculty of Social Science and Health Care, Constantine the Philosopher Un...

  18. Military Vision Research Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Bietti Eye Foundation, IRCCS Rome, Italy . Word count: 2879 Corresponding author: Reza Dana, M.D., M.P.H., M.Sc. Schepens Eye Research...Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114 3 Bietti Eye Foundation, IRCCS Rome, Italy . Word count: 2879...with differentiated properties. Exp Eye Res. 62, 155-169. 18. Marneros A.G., Fan J., Yokoyama Y., Gerber H.P., Ferrara N., Crouch R.K., Olsen B.R

  19. PROSEDUR UNDERWRITING PRODUK ASURANSI KESEHATAN KUMPULAN PADA PT. ASURANSI TAKAFUL KELUARGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahul Ulum

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Risiko adalah sesuatu yang dapat mengancam aktifitas perusahaan dan dapat menyebabkan gagalnya tujuan. Bagi perusahaan asuransi, risiko adalah ketika terjadi klaim dari peserta. Dengan adanya klaim maka perusahaan akan mengeluarkan sejumlah dana untuk pembayaran klaim tersebut sesuai dengan manfaat yang dijanjikan. Untuk itu, Proses underwriting harus dilakukan dengan cermat dan akurat agar tidak menimbulkan kerugian bagi perusahaan.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v2i1.2476

  20. A More Nuanced Approach to the Fourth Estate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    and accurately.117 Veteran reporter Joe Galloway writing before the start of OIF, stated “Any reporter who has the [courage] to go into combat is...arguably crossing the line from objective reporter to active combatant.119 Boston Globe Journalist, Scott Bernard Nelson, also disclosed that he...www.brookings.edu/comm/events/20030617.pdf (accessed September 14, 2011). Donnelly, Mike, Mitch Gettle, Greg Scott , and Dana Warr. “Embedded Journalism: How War

  1. Proizvodnja travnog sjemena

    OpenAIRE

    Halagić, Stevo

    2005-01-01

    Današnja sjemenska proizvodnja svojim kvalitetom, kvantitetom i asortimanom ne zadovoljava sve veće zahtjeve poljoprivrede. Da bi se osigurao potreban asortiman travnih vrsta, kvaliteta sjemenske robe, sigurnost proizvodnje sjemena i podizanje prinosa po jedinici površine te stabilna, visoka i kvalitetna proizvodnja travnih kultura, potrebno je provesti organizaciju sjemenske proizvodnje na bazi sortnog travnog sjemena na krupnim objektima, na kojim je moguća racionalna primjena modernih agro...

  2. Tudo Pela Patria: The Brazilian Navy’s Drive to Blue Water

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    Institutional Theory Approach,” in Peter J. Katzenstein, ed., The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, New York: Columbia...University Press, 2003. 61 Eyre, Dana P. and Mark C. Suchman, “Status, Norms, and the Proliferation of Conventional Weapons: An Institutional ... Theory Approach,” in Peter J. Katzenstein, ed., The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, New York: Columbia University

  3. It Is All About Respect: The Army’s Problem with Sexual Assault

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-23

    Hollywood , “Creating a True Army of One: Four Proposals to Combat Sexual Harassment in Today’s Army,” www.law.harvard.edu (accessed January 2, 2012). 10...outlined the Department’s policy concerning sexual harassment , and the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) prescribed how to handle sexual assault...tolerance for sexual assault,” the offenders received sentences ranging from prison time to dishonorable discharges. 13 Dana Michael Hollywood , 168. 7

  4. United States Air Force Graduate Student Summer Support Program 1986. Program Technical Report. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-01

    Dictionary and Handbook, Howard W. Sams and Company, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana, 1980. 35. Sohr, Dana , "Better Software Manuals," Byte, vol. 8, no. 5, May...network which contains the desired properties. The use of a variational approach in adaptive grid generation was first used by Brackbill and Saltzman and...Numerical Grid Generation, edited by J. F. Thompson, North-Holland, 1982. 73-18 7. Saltzman , J., and Brackbill, J. U., "Application and Generalization

  5. Quality of life and parental styles assessed by adolescents suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases and their parents

    OpenAIRE

    Jelenova, Daniela; Prasko, Jan; Ociskova, Marie; Latalova, Klara; Karaskova, Eva; Hruby, Radovan; Kamaradova, Dana; Mihal, Vladimir

    2016-01-01

    Daniela Jelenova,1 Jan Prasko,1 Marie Ociskova,1 Klara Latalova,1 Eva Karaskova,2 Radovan Hruby,3 Dana Kamaradova,1 Vladimir Mihal21Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University, University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 3Private Practice, Martin, Slovak RepublicBackground: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in adolescents are chronic medical conditions with a substantial influence on the quality of life (QoL) of the ...

  6. Singlid. Albumid : Sound / Ahto Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Ahto

    1998-01-01

    Uutest singlitest Foo Fighters "Walking After You", Uni "St.Johns Fever", R.E.M."Daysleeper", Laila "Here We Go Again", Morcheeba "Part Of The Process", Alanis Morissette "Thank You" ja albumitest Sash! "Life Goes on", Dana International "The Album", Juice "Juice", Mica Paris "Black Angel", Music Instructor "Electro City", Republica "Speed Ballads", Crystal Waters "Best Of", Suzanne Vega "Tried And True.Best Of" ja filmimuusikakogumikust "The Oliver Stone Connection"

  7. Genetic and Epigenetic Determinants of Lung Cancer Subtype: Adenocarcinoma to Small Cell Conversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    have obtained full IRB approval for this study at both the primary sites, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and Dana Farber Cancer...California, The University of Copenhagen, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University, and Memorial Sloan Kettering. (NEW...sequencer to generate paired-end colour space reads (50 nucleotides forward and 35 nucleotides reverse) by a multiplexed operation. The colour -space

  8. The Impact of National Health Insurance Policy to the Implementation of Health Promotion Program on Public Health Center in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mochamad Iqbal Nurmansyah

    2017-02-01

    Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN telah diimplementasikan di Indonesia pada 1 Januari 2014. Hal tersebut membawa beberapa perubahan pada aspek manajerial pada pusat kesehatan masyarakat (puskesmas. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi dampak dari kebijakan JKN terhadap implementasi program promosi kesehatan di puskesmas di Kota Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia. Penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif. Data dikumpulkan pada Februari – Maret 2016. Dampak program dilihat dalam hal kebijakan, pendanaan, fasilitas, sumber daya manusia dan pelaksanaan program promosi kesehatan. Dengan menggunakan metode purposive sampling, enam pengambil kebijakan, delapan pemberi layanan dan delapan penerima layanan diambil sebagai informan dalam penelitian ini. Pada analisis dokumen, 17 dokumen telah dianalisis. Observasi dilakukan dengan melihat kegiatan yang dilakukan di empat puskesmas. Analisis data menggunakan analisis konten tematik. Tidak terdapat perbedaan dari fungsi puskesmas sebelum dan setelah adanya JKN. Dana yang digunakan untuk kegiatan promosi kesehatan telah mengalami peningkatan setelah implementasi kebijakan JKN dimana dana tersebut dapat digunakan untuk berinovasi, memberi peralatan dan melakukan promosi kesehatan dengan lebih baik. Dana kapitasi yang dapat digunakan untuk melaksanakan program promosi kesehatan dan beberapa kegiatan promosi kesehatan yang baru dilaksanakan pada saat era JKN menjadi bukti bahwa kebijakan JKN memiliki dampak positif terhadap pelaksanaan program promosi kesehatan di puskesmas.

  9. Manajemen Wakaf Tunai dalam Upaya Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Umat di Pos Keadilan Peduli Umat (PKPU KCP Lumajang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhafid Ishari

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Sepanjang sejarah Islam wakaf telah memerankan peran yang sangat penting dalam pengembangan kegiatan-kegiatan sosial, ekonomi dan kebudayaan masyarakat Islam. Dalam sistem Ekonomi Islam, wakaf belum banyak dieksplorasi semaksimal mungkin, padahal wakaf sangat potensial sebagai salah satu instrument untuk pemberdayaan ekonomi umat Islam. Oleh karenanya, strategi pengelolaan yang baik perlu diciptakan untuk mencapai tujuan diadakannya wakaf. Wakaf hendaknya dikelola dengan baik, sehingga hasilnya dapat dimanfaatkan untuk kepentingan masyarakat banyak. Adapun penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif, dengan jenis penelitian tentang manajemen wakaf tunai dalam upaya pemberdayaan ekonomi umat di PKPU KCP Lumajang, data analisis datanya menggunakan analisis deskriptif. Adapun teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Keabsahan data menggunakan triangulasi sumber. Hasil penelitian ini, peneliti menyimpulkan bahwa 1. Manajemen wakaf tunai di PKPU KCP Lumajang terdiri dari penghimpunan dana yang dilakukan dengan 4 cara, yaitu: (1pembuatan rancangan program wakaf tunai yang akan digulirkan; (2pembuatan media sosialisasi; (3penentuan besaran variasi nilai wakaf tunai; (4penggalangan dana bersifat komunitas. Pengalokasian dana wakaf tunai di bagi dalam beberapa bidang, yaitu: sosial, kesehatan, pendidikan, peduli bencana, ekonomi dan dakwah. 2.Implementasi Wakaf Tunai dalam pemberdayaan ekonomi di PKPU KCP Lumajang melalui 2 program, yaitu: Program Sinergi Pemberdayaan Komunitas (PROSPEK dan Program Komunitas Swadaya Masyarakat.

  10. ANALYSIS OF DIRECT AND INDIRECT EFFECTS OF FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION ON REGIONAL DISPARITY (CASE STUDY OF PROVINCES IN EASTERN AND WESTERN OF INDONESIA, 2006-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faishal Fadli

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to examine the direct and indirect effects of fiscal decentralization on regional disparity through economic growth in eastern and western Indonesia. The method used in this study is Path Analysis. The variables used in this study include the General Allocation Fund (DAU/Dana Alokasi Umum, Special Allocation Fund (DAK/Dana Alokasi Khusus, Revenue Sharing Fund (DBH/Dana Bagi Hasil, local revenue (PAD/Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Economic Growth (G, and regional disparity (IW. Comparing the analysis between eastern and western of Indonesia, the results show that there is no direct effect of fiscal decentralization on regional disparity and economic growth through direct fiscal decentralization on regional disparity in both eastern and western of Indonesia. However, using some measures of fiscal decentralization, in the case of eastern of Indonesia, DAU variable has significant effect whereas in the case of western Indonesia, DBH is the only one variable that has significant effect. This is consistent with the fact that composition of the balance funds disbursed by the central government to local governments, where the greatest composition of funds in eastern Indonesia come from the General Allocation Fund which reflects the dependence of local governments to the central government and for the western region of Indonesia, DBH is the greatest reflecting the independence of the local governments. As a result, to create fiscal decentralization working it is required a greater allocation of the fund balance.

  11. Flypaper Effect pada Kinerja Keuangan Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amril Amril

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis fenomena flypaper effect pada kinerja keuangan kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Untuk tujuan tersebut dikembangkan dua model regresi data panel yang memperlihatkan keterkaitan antara perilaku belanja pemerintah daerah dengan penerimaan daerah. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa: 1 Dana bagi hasil (DBH, dana alokasi (DA, lag belanja operasional (Boit_1 dan dummy otonomi (DO berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap belanja operasional kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Dimana hasil menunjukkan pengaruh DA terhadap belanja operasional lebih besar dibandingkan dari DBH terhadap belanja operasional, yang artinya terjadi flypaper effect pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi; 2 Dana bagi hasil (DBH, dana alokasi (DA, pendapatan perkapita (Y dan dummy otonomi (DO berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap belanja modal kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Dimana hasil menunjukkan pengaruh DA terhadap belanja modal lebih kecil dibandingkan dari DBH terhadap belanja modal, yang artinya terjadi flypaper effect pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi dimana DA cenderung digunakan untuk membiayai belanja operasional. Kata kunci : Dana Perimbangan, Belanja Modal, Belanja Operasional.     Abstract This study aims to analyze the phenomenon of flypaper on the financial performance of the district / city in the province of Jambi. For this purpose developed two panel data regression model showing the relationship between the behavior of local government expenditure by the regional income. The research found that: 1 Revenue-sharing (DBH, allocation funds (DA, lag operational expenditure (Boit_1 and dummy autonomy (DO significantly affect the operational expenditure district / city in the province of Jambi. The effect of DA on operating expenditure is greater than from DBH to operational expenditure, which means there flypaper in the district / city in the province of Jambi; 2 Revenue-sharing (DBH, funds allocation (DA, per

  12. Oblique map showing maximum extent of 20,000-year-old (Tioga) glaciers, Yosemite National Park, central Sierra Nevada, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpha, T.R.; Wahrhaftig, Clyde; Huber, N.K.

    1987-01-01

    day, but alpine plant species probably thrived where snow was seasonal, much as they occur today. Erratum The branching arrow on the map showing ice flowing from the basin east of Kuna Crest both northeastward around Mount Dana into the Mono Lake drainage and westward to the Tuolumne River is in error. No ice flowed northeastward from this basin through the site of Tioga Pass into the Mono Lake drainage. Although such an interpretation might be possible on the basis oJ the estimated elevation of the ice surface, the field evidence does not support it. A large and persistent boulder train of metamorphic rocks derived from Mount Dana and the mountain (Mount Gibbs) immediately to the south of Mount Dana has been mapped from near the base of Mount Dana westward toward the ice-filled gorge between Pettit Peak and Double Rock (the present Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne), indicating that ice from the west flank of Mount Dana flowed westward down the Tuolumne. In addition, glacial erratics of Cathedral Peak Granodiorite were observed near Tioga Pass (near the head of the erroneous arrow between Mount Dana and Mount Conness). These boulders must have come from the east face of Mount Conness or the mountain south of Mount Conness (White Mountain) and been transported by ice' flowing toward the Tioga Pass area, although the main mass of that ice turned eastward and flowed into the Mono Lake drainage. Tioga Pass was then the site of more-or-less stagnant ice between the Tuolumne drainage and that east of Mount Conness. Both the metamorphic boulder train and the glacial erratics of Cathedral Peak Granodiorite are incompatible with any flow of ice northeastward from the basin east of Kuna Crest into the Mono Lake drainage north of Mount Dana.

  13. Different zooplankton structures in the German Bight

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martens, P.; Brockmann, U.

    1993-06-01

    In August 1982, a net of 48 stations with altogether 208 samples was investigated in the eastern German Bight with respect to temperature, salinity, as well as the amount and species composition of the mesozooplankton (>80 μm). The data were arranged into different structures by means of a cluster analysis. Four different clusters were found: (a) a “Wadden sea water” with few holoplankton organisms but a higher amount of spionid larvae; (b) a “German Bight water” with a maximum occurrence of turbellaria ( Alaurina composita) and medium concentrations of copepods; (c) a mixing area between these two water masses with highest amounts of Oikopleura dioica, Temora longicornis, Acartia sp., mussel larvae and larvae of the spionid worms; (d) a “North Sea water” mass with highest concentrations of Pseudocalanus elongatus, Paracalanus parvus und Oithona similis. The differences in the concentrations of the species mentioned between the four clusters were significant on the 0.1%-level.

  14. Multimodel inference to quantify the relative importance of abiotic factors in the population dynamics of marine zooplankton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everaert, Gert; Deschutter, Yana; De Troch, Marleen; Janssen, Colin R.; De Schamphelaere, Karel

    2018-05-01

    The effect of multiple stressors on marine ecosystems remains poorly understood and most of the knowledge available is related to phytoplankton. To partly address this knowledge gap, we tested if combining multimodel inference with generalized additive modelling could quantify the relative contribution of environmental variables on the population dynamics of a zooplankton species in the Belgian part of the North Sea. Hence, we have quantified the relative contribution of oceanographic variables (e.g. water temperature, salinity, nutrient concentrations, and chlorophyll a concentrations) and anthropogenic chemicals (i.e. polychlorinated biphenyls) to the density of Acartia clausi. We found that models with water temperature and chlorophyll a concentration explained ca. 73% of the population density of the marine copepod. Multimodel inference in combination with regression-based models are a generic way to disentangle and quantify multiple stressor-induced changes in marine ecosystems. Future-oriented simulations of copepod densities suggested increased copepod densities under predicted environmental changes.

  15. Copepod egg production, moulting and growth rates and secondary production in the Skagerrak in August 1988

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peterson, W.T.; Tiselius, P.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1991-01-01

    Measurements of hydrography, chlorophyll, moulting rates of juvenile copepods and egg production rates of adult female copepods were made at eight stations along a transect across the Skagerrak. The goals of the study were to determine (i) if there were correlations between spatial variations...... in hydrography, phytoplankton and copepod production rates, (ii) if copepod egg production rates were correlated with juvenile growth rates, and (iii) if there was evidence of food-niche separation among co-occurring female copepods. The 200 km wide Skagerrak had a stratified water column in the center...... is similar to maximum rates known from laboratory studies, thus were probably not food-limited. Egg production rates were food-limited with the degree of limitation varying among species: 75% of maximum for Centropages typicus, 50% for Calanus finmarchicus, 30% for Paracalanus parvus and 15% for Acartia...

  16. Does predation control adult sex ratios and longevities in marine pelagic copepods?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hirst, A.G.; Bonnet, D.; Conway, D.V.P.

    2010-01-01

    We assess the causes of adult sex ratio skew in marine pelagic copepods by examining changes in these ratios between the juveniles and adults, sexual differences in juvenile stage durations, and mortality rates of adults in the field and laboratory (when free from predators). In the field, late...... copepodite stages (CIV and CV) commonly have sex ratios that are either not significantly different from equity (1 : 1), or slightly male biased. By contrast, in adults, these ratios are commonly significantly biased toward female dominance. Sex ratio skews are therefore primarily attributable to processes...... in adults. Members of the non-Diaptomoidea have especially skewed adult ratios; in the members Oithonidae and Clausocalanidae this is not generated from differences between male and female adult physiological longevity (i.e., laboratory longevity when free of predators). In the genera Acartia, Oithona...

  17. Mesozooplankton and Ichthyoplankton composition in two tropical estuaries of Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcolin, C. R.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to describe the composition of two mesozooplankton and ichthyoplanktonestuarine communities in Jandaíra, Bahia (Tabatinga River, impacted by a shrimp farm; and in Conde, Bahia (ItapicuruRiver, a pristine estuary. Samples were collected through horizontal hauls using a net (200 μm mesh size, coupled to aflowmeter, during the ebbing and flooding tides in April, August and December, 2007. In the Tabatinga and Itapicuru Rivers76 and 92 taxa were registered. The most abundant groups were Pseudodiaptomus richardii and Disco sp. Acartia lilljeborgiwas also dominant at Tabatinga, while Temora sp. and decapod larvae were predominant in Itapicuru River, which alsopresented higher densities for most planktonic taxa, particularly fish larvae. A descriptive analysis of the main taxa´s spatialdistribution and new geographical records of Disco sp., P. richardi, Pontellopsis villosa, Macrosetella gracilis, Microsetellarosea, Gonyiopsillus brasiliensis, Agetus flaccus and Ergasilus caraguatatubensis were presented.

  18. Dominancy of Trichodesmium sp. in the Biawak Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prihadi, D. J.

    2018-03-01

    The Biawak Island is one of the small islands in West Java Province with an abundance of marine biological resources. This research was conducted to collect the primary producer zooplankton and water quality parameters. Direct observation is done by field surveys and measurement in situ for plankton and environmental parameters such as temperature, water transparency, water current, salinity, dissolved oxygen, and pH. Trichodesmium sp. was found dominance in where some other types of zooplankton were found in the area, like Scenedesmus sp., Sagitta sp., Acartia sp. also occurred. Further, the most abundance of Trichodesmium sp. was found in southern of Biawak Island where mangroves, coral and seagrass ecosystem provide nutrients which indirectly support the abundance of planktons. Trichodesmium sp. is plankton that can survive in water with minimum nutrient.

  19. Variability in copepod trophic levels and feeding selectivity based on stable isotope analysis in Gwangyang Bay of the southern coast of the Korean Peninsula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Mianrun; Kim, Dongyoung; Liu, Hongbin; Kang, Chang-Keun

    2018-04-01

    Trophic preference (i.e., food resources and trophic levels) of different copepod groups was assessed along a salinity gradient in the temperate estuarine Gwangyang Bay of Korea, based on seasonal investigation of taxonomic results in 2015 and stable isotope analysis incorporating multiple linear regression models. The δ13C and δ15N values of copepods in the bay displayed significant spatial heterogeneity as well as seasonal variations, which were indicated by their significant relationships with salinity and temperature, respectively. Both spatial and temporal variations reflected those in isotopic values of food sources. The major calanoid groups (marine calanoids and brackish water calanoids) had a mean trophic level of 2.2 relative to nanoplankton as the basal food source, similar to the bulk copepod assemblage; however, they had dissimilar food sources based on the different δ13C values. Calanoid isotopic values indicated a mixture of different genera including species with high δ15N values (e.g., Labidocera, Sinocalanus, and Tortanus), moderate values (Calanus sinicus, Centropages, Paracalanus, and Acartia), and relatively low δ15N values (Eurytemora pacifica and Pseudodiaptomus). Feeding preferences of different copepods probably explain these seasonal and spatial patterns of the community trophic niche. Bayesian mixing model calculations based on source materials of two size fractions of particulate organic matter (nanoplankton at simple energy flow of the planktonic food web of Gwangyang Bay: from primary producers (nanoplankton) and a mixture of primary producers and herbivores (microplankton) through omnivores (Acartia, Calanus, Centropages, and Paracalanus) and detritivores (Pseudodiaptomus, Eurytemora, and harpacticoids) to carnivores (Corycaeus, Tortanus, Labidocera, and Sinocalanus).

  20. Composition of the zooplankton community,with emphasis in copepods, in Punta Morales,Golfo de Nicoya,Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Brugnoli-Olivera

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The composition of the mesozooplanktonic community was studied in the Punta Morales estuary, Gulf of Nicoya,Pacific coast of Costa Rica,during 1997.Oblique plankton hauls were performed during high and low tide using a 280 µm mesh screen net equipped with a flowmeter.The community was characterized by holoplanktonic and meroplanktonic organisms.For the holoplanktonic community,the main groups were copepods (80%and chaetognaths (16%.The most abundant species were the copepods Acartia lilljeborgii and Paracalanus parvus.A.lilljeborgii is a typical estuarine species that maintains high populations in estuarine systems.Meroplankton was represented mainly by crustacean larvae (66%,and icthyoplankton (18%.The dominance of crustacean larvae and icthyoplankton is an evidence of the ecological importance of the Punta Morales zone.Rev.Biol.Trop.52(4:897-902.Epub 2005 Jun 24.Se estudió la composición de la comunidad mezoplanctónica en Punta Morales,Golfo de Nicoya, Pacífico de Costa Rica,en 1997,arrastrando oblicuamente una red de plancton (280 µm,con flujómetrodurante marea alta y baja.La comunidad estuvo caracterizada por la presencia de organismos holo y meroplanctónicos.Los principales grupos holoplanctónicos fueron copépodos (80%y quetognatos (16%.Las especies más abundantes fueron los copépodos Acartia lilljeborgii y Paracalanus parvus;A. lilljeborgii es una especie estuarina típica que mantiene altas poblaciones en sistemas estuarinos.El meroplancton estuvo representado principalmente por larvas de crustáceos (66%,e ictioplancton (18%.La dominancia de larvas de crustáceos e ictioplancton evidencian la importancia ecológica de la zona de Punta Morales.