WorldWideScience

Sample records for acartia tonsa dana

  1. Influence of algal diet on feeding and egg-production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støttrup, Josianne; Jensen, Johanne

    1990-01-01

    Threshold concentration, retention efficiency and egg-production in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana were examined using the algal species Isochrysis galbana clone T-iso, Dunalietta tertiolecta Butcher, Rhodomonas baltica Karsten, Ditylum brightwellii Grunow and Thalassiosira weissflogii...

  2. DMSP-consuming bacteria associated with the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tang, K.W.; Visscher, P.T.; Dam, H.G.

    2001-01-01

    DMSP-consuming bacteria (DCB) were recovered from the body and fecal pellets of the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana). The most probable number of DCB associated with starved A. tonsa was 9.2 X 10(2) cells copepod(-1). The abundance of DCB recovered from the copepod body increased to 1.6-2.8 X 10...... efficiency was 25- 41% for DCB from copepod body, and 99% for DCB from fecal pellets. Our study demonstrated that copepods and their fecal pellets may harbour dense populations of DCB, and that the copepod-bacteria coupling represents a novel mechanism for DMSP consumption in the water column. (C) 2001...

  3. Recirculating aquaculture system for high density production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vu, Minh Thi Thuy; Øie, Gunvor; Reinertsen, Helge

    capacity. A. tonsa fed the unicellular algae Rhodomonas baltica were registered for four weeks in triplicate 50 L tanks in each system. Water quality parameters were recorded daily for temperature, oxygen, pH, salinity, particles and every five days for nitrogenous waste and bacteria through...... species. The RAS also needs a further optimisation of water quality by a denitrifying filter component to stabilize for copepod cultivation and an implementation of disease control treatment is also required.......The calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) is one of the most promising copepod species for marine larviculture. This species has a wide tolerance to temperature and salinity, small size, can produce resting eggs. All their nauplii, copepodites and adults can be use as excellent feeds for marine...

  4. Genetic responses of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) to heat shock and epibiont infestation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petkeviciute, Egle; Kania, Per Walter; Skovgaard, Alf

    2015-01-01

    Expression of stress-related genes was investigated in the marine copepod Acartia tonsa in relation to heat shock at two different salinities (10 and 32‰), and it was furthermore investigated whether experimentally induced epibiont infestation led to elevated expression of stress-related genes...

  5. Effects of food on bacterial community composition associated with the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tang, Kam; Dziallas, Claudia; Hutalle-Schmelzer, Kristine;

    2009-01-01

    The estuarine copepod Acartia tonsa naturally carried diverse strains of bacteria on its body. The bacterial community composition (BCC) remained very conservative even when the copepod was fed different axenic algal species, indicating that the food per se did not much affect BCC associated...... composition and copepod life history therefore serve to regulate BCC associated with copepods, and spatial and temporal variations in algal species composition and copepod origin would alter bacteria-copepod interactions....

  6. Diet influence on egg production of the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana, 1896

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila F. Teixeira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Egg production in the copepod Acartia tonsa was evaluated using different densities of the microalgae Thalassiosira weissflogii, Chaetoceros muelleri and Isochrysis galbana. Male and female were kept under controlled conditions (salinity 30, 20°C, photoperiod 12L:12D, acclimated to the experimental conditions and left over a period of 24 h to allow copulation. Algal densities tested were equivalent in biovolume and corresponded to 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40 and 60.10³ cells.mL-1 of T weissflogii. Ten acclimated female were separated, transferred to glass bottles and exposed for further 24 h to the corresponding experimental medium. After this period, the eggs were fixed and counted. Copepod egg production reached a threshold value when T weissflogii, C. muelleri and I. galbana were supplied at 10.10³, 140.10³ and 640.10³ cells.mL-1, respectively. Mean egg production corresponded to 28.0 ± 0.5, 20.1 ± 1.0 and 22.0 ± 3.5 eggs.female-1 .day-1, respectively. Copepods fed T weissflogii showed the highest mean egg production while those fed I. galbana reached a maximum egg production when the algae were supplied at a density two- to fourfold higher, considering the biovolume of T weissflogii and C. muelleri. These differences are explained considering the different sizes of the microalgae used to feed the copepods.A produção de ovos do copépode Acartia tonsa foi avaliada utilizando diferentes densidades das microalgas Thalassiosira weissflogii, Chaetoceros muelleri e Isochrysis galbana. Machos e fêmeas foram colocados sob condições controladas (salinidade 30, 20°C, fotoperíodo 12L:12D, aclimatados às condições experimentais e mantidos juntos por 24 h para permitir a copula. As densidades de algas foram equivalentes em biovolume e corresponderam a 0, 2,5, 5, 10, 20, 40 e 60,10³ células.mL-1 de T. weissflogii. Dez fêmeas aclimatadas foram separadas, transferidas para frascos de vidro e expostas por mais 24 h ao meio experimental

  7. The cultivation of Acartia tonsa Dana for use as a live food source for marine fish larvae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støttrup, Josianne; Richardson, Katherine; Kirkegaard, Eskild;

    1986-01-01

    The marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa has been continuously cultivated in the laboratory at the Danish Institute for Fisheries and Marine Research for over 70 generations. A description of the cultivation procedures is presented in this paper. Adult copepods are maintained in 200–450-l tanks ...... and are fed the cryptophyte Rhodomonas baltica. The concentration of adult copepods is held between 50 and 100/l. Eggs are harvested daily and, on average, ca. 25 eggs are collected per female per day....

  8. Improving cold storage of subitaneous eggs of the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana from the Gulf of Mexico (Florida, USA)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Lindley, L.C.; Michels, A.;

    2007-01-01

    . We consider that the use of antibiotics at the right dosage to be a means to increase the storage capacity of the Gulf of Mexico strain of A. tonsa eggs, which do not show any capacity to be stored for long periods of time, compared with some other strains. In addition eggs that were between 5 and 7...

  9. Guide to the meso-scale production of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    OpenAIRE

    Marchus, Nancy H.; Wilcox, Jeffrey A.

    2007-01-01

    This manual is intended as a guide for the daily production of a few million A. tonsa nauplii for feeding to marine vertebrates and invertebrates. This scale of production is greater than most research would require, but smaller than commercial production, hence the term meso-scale production. This manual will briefly describe the biology of Acartia tonsa Dana that is relevant to culture, the culture methodology for meso-scale production of their eggs and nauplii, the system co...

  10. A comprehensive and precise quantification of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) for intensive live feed cultures using an automated ZooImage system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vu, Minh Thi Thuy; Jepsen, Per Meyer; Hansen, Benni Winding

    2014-01-01

    ignored. In this study, we propose a novel method for highly precise classification of development stages and biomass of A. tonsa, in intensive live feed cultures, using an automated ZooImage system, a freeware image analysis. We successfully created a training set of 13 categories, including 7 copepod...... and 6 non-copepod (debris) groups. ZooImage used this training set for automatic discrimination through a random forest algorithm with the general accuracy of 92.8%. The ZooImage showed no significant difference in classifying solitary eggs, or mixed nauplii stages and copepodites compared to personal...... microscope observation. Furthermore, ZooImage was also adapted for automatic estimation of A. tonsa biomass. This is the first study that has successfully applied ZooImage software which enables fast and reliable quantification of the development stages and the biomass of A. tonsa. As a result, relevant...

  11. Microbial characterization and influence on copepod (Acartia tonsa) nauplii and egg production in water treatment systems with and without membrane filtration

    OpenAIRE

    Phan Hung, Anh

    2014-01-01

    Acartia tonsa is a pelagic calanoid copepod with a diverse distribution, a wide tolerance of temperature and salinities, has short generation time, can produce resting eggs, and has been considered as an excellent feed for marine fish larvae. The current study included two experiments: nauplii production (NP) and egg production (EP). In the NP experiment, the nauplii copepod Acartia tonsa Dana were reared for 14 days in a flow-through aquaculture system (FTAS), a conventional recirculating aq...

  12. Microbial characterization and influence on copepod (Acartia tonsa) nauplii and egg production in water treatment systems with and without membrane filtration

    OpenAIRE

    Phan Hung, Anh

    2014-01-01

    Acartia tonsa is a pelagic calanoid copepod with a diverse distribution, a wide tolerance of temperature and salinities, has short generation time, can produce resting eggs, and has been considered as an excellent feed for marine fish larvae. The current study included two experiments: nauplii production (NP) and egg production (EP). In the NP experiment, the nauplii copepod Acartia tonsa Dana were reared for 14 days in a flow-through aquaculture system (FTAS), a conventional recirculating aq...

  13. Prey switching behaviour in the planktonic copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiørboe, Thomas; Saiz, E.; Viitasalo, M.

    1996-01-01

    The copepod Acartia tonsa has 2 different prey encounter strategies. It can generate a feeding current to encounter and capture immobile prey (suspension feeding) or it can sink slowly and perceive motile prey by means of mechanoreceptors on the antennae (ambush feeding). We hypothesized that A...

  14. Collection and cultivation methods of Acartia tonsa for toxicity testing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hood, C.A. [Baker Hughes INTEQ, Houston, TX (United States); Mayo, R.R. [ENSR Environmental Toxicology Lab., Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Acartia tonsa were located and collected from Galveston Bay, Texas in June 1995, using plankton nets and transported to the laboratory for culture. After literature searching and laboratory experimentation. A simple reliable method was designed to culture A. tonsa. This method requires a minimum of glassware and supplies. Adult A. tonsa are placed in one gallon bell jars filled with natural seawater. The jars are then maintained in a water bath at a constant temperature. Water changes are conducted twice weekly and organisms are fed daily with a mixture of algae, Skeletonema costatum, isocrysis galbana, and Thalassiosira sp. Gravid females are then isolated in generators for 24 hours to obtain known age neonates. The neonates are maintained up to a specific age and then are used in toxicity tests such as the ``Determination of the Acute Lethal Toxicity to Marine Copepods,`` required in the United Kingdom for all chemicals used for offshore drilling fluid applications.

  15. Blind dating - mate finding in planktonic copepods. III. Hydromechanical communication in Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagoien, E.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Mate-finding behaviour in the marine copepod Acartia tonsa was examined by video analysis. A. tonsa appears to depend on hydromechanical signals in the location of mates, detected at distances of up to 5 or 7 mm. Series of up to 7 or 8 synchronised hops in closely situated individuals, interpreted...

  16. Temperature impact on the trophic transfer of fatty acids in the congeneric copepods Acartia tonsa and Acartia clausi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Werbrouck, Eva; Tiselius, Peter; Van Gansbeke, Dirk; Cervin, Gunnar; Vanreusel, Ann; De Troch, Marleen

    2016-06-01

    Copepods of the genus Acartia occur worldwide and constitute an important link to higher trophic levels in estuaries. However, biogeographical shifts in copepod assemblages and colonization of certain European estuaries by the invader A. tonsa, both driven or enhanced by increasing ocean temperature, raise the pressure on autochthonous copepod communities. Despite the profound effect of temperature on all levels of biological organization, its impact on the fatty acid (FA) dynamics of Acartia species is understudied. As certain FAs exert a bottom-up control on the trophic structure of aquatic ecosystems, temperature-induced changes in FA dynamics of Acartia species may impact higher trophic levels. Therefore, this study documents the short-term temperature responses of A. tonsa and A. clausi, characterized by their warm- versus cold-water preference respectively, by analyzing the FA profiles of their membrane and storage lipids under 5 and 15 °C. Copepods that were fed an ad libitum diet of the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii (bloom conditions) under 15 °C increased their storage FA content substantially. Furthermore, the membrane FA composition of A. tonsa showed a more profound temperature response compared with A. clausi which might be linked with the eurythermal character of the former.

  17. Inhibition of larval development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa by four synthetic musk substances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wollenberger, Leah; Breitholtz, M.; Kusk, Kresten Ole;

    2003-01-01

    A nitro musk (musk ketone). and three polycyclic musks (Tonalide(TM), Galaxolide(TM) and Celestolide(TM)) were tested for acute and subchronic effects on a marine crustacean, the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. Sublethal effects on A. tonsa larvae were investigated with a rapid and cost effective...... of synthetic musks, for which there is little published ecotoxicological information available regarding Crustacea. It is suggested that subchronic and chronic copepod toxicity tests should be used more frequently for risk assessment of environmental pollutants. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights...

  18. Inclusion of copepod Acartia tonsa nauplii in the feeding of Centropomus undecimalis larvae increases stress resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanessa de Melo-Costa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research represents the first result of studies of the common snook Centropomus undecimalis larvae from broodstock matured in captivity in Brazil. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the inclusion of Acartia tonsa nauplii improves stress resistance of common snook larvae. The larvae were fed with: rotifers Brachionus plicatilis (10 to 15 mL-1; A. tonsa nauplii (0.25 to 0.5 mL-1 and rotifers (5 to 7.5 mL-1, and A. tonsa nauplii (0.12 to 0.25 mL-1. The average percentage of survival of the treatments was 11.9%. At 20 days of age, larvae were subjected to thermal stress. Subsequently, the stress resistance was evaluated. Common snook larvae fed B. plicatilis+A. tonsa reached a higher weight and length (7.5 ± 0.00 mg and 9.1 ± 0.23 mm, respectively and resisted more heat stress (87.4% than larvae fed other foods, indicating that the feed mixture is satisfactory as a starter diet for larvae of common snook. However, more research is needed to confirm these results.

  19. Defecation of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) by the copepod Acartia tonsa as functions of ambient food concentration and body DMSP content

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tang, K.W.

    2001-01-01

    The dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) defecation rate of Acartia tonsa (calanoid copepod)feeding on Tetraselmis impellucida (prasinophyte) was correlated with food concentration and copepod body DMSP content. Copepod fecal pellets represent a highly concentrated source of DMSP and thus play an im...... an important role in DMSP flux and microbial processes in the ocean.......The dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) defecation rate of Acartia tonsa (calanoid copepod)feeding on Tetraselmis impellucida (prasinophyte) was correlated with food concentration and copepod body DMSP content. Copepod fecal pellets represent a highly concentrated source of DMSP and thus play...

  20. Response of Acartia tonsa to Burgers' Vortex: Deconstructing Turbulence-Copepod Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, D. L.; Webster, D. R.; Yen, J.

    2014-11-01

    In situ studies suggest that in many oceanic regimes, turbulence affects the vertical position of copepods primarily by changing their behavior, and only secondarily by altering their physical position. We test the hypothesis that fine-scale turbulence alters copepod behavior, presenting as alterations in directed movement and changes in swimming kinematics. To this end, we create two Burgers' vortices, specifying the rotation rate and axial strain rate to correspond to turbulent vortices with size scale equaling the inverse wavenumber of the median viscous dissipation rate (i.e. r = 8.1 η) for typical turbulent conditions in the coastal or near surface region (i.e., mean turbulent dissipation rates of 0.009 and 0.096 cm2/s3) . The vortex flow is quantified via tomo-PIV. Behavioral assays of Acartia tonsa are conducted, generating 3D trajectories for analysis of swimming kinematics and response to hydrodynamic cues. A. tonsa did not significantly respond to the vortex corresponding to dissipation rate of 0.009 cm2/s3, but drastically altered their swimming behavior in the presence of the 0.096 cm2/s3 vortex, including increased relative swim speed, angle of alignment with the vortex axis, net-to-gross displacement ratio, and escape acceleration, along with decreased turn frequency (relative to stagnant control conditions). Further, A. tonsa escape location is preferentially in the core of the stronger vortex, indicating that the hydrodynamic cue triggering the distinctive escape behavior is vorticity.

  1. Long-term decline in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in central Chesapeake Bay, USA: An indirect effect of eutrophication?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimmel, David G.; Boynton, Walter R.; Roman, Michael R.

    2012-04-01

    A long-term abundance record of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in the Maryland portion of Chesapeake Bay was compiled from 1966 to 2002. A significant downward trend in the summertime abundance of Acartia tonsa was found in central Chesapeake Bay. We propose that environmental and food web changes occurred as the Chesapeake Bay became increasingly impacted by human activity which eventually led to the overall decline of A. tonsa. Environmental changes included a long-term rise in water temperature and the volume of hypoxic water during the summer. These changes occurred during the same time period as increases in chlorophyll a concentration, declines in the landings of the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica, and declines in abundance of the sea nettle Chrysaora quinquecirrha. A CUSUM analysis showed that each time-series experienced a change point during over the past 50 years. These changes occurred sequentially, with chlorophyll a concentration increasing beginning in 1969, water temperature and hypoxic volume increasing beginning in the early 1980s, more recent Maryland C. virginica landings begin declining in the early 1980s and A. tonsa and C. quinquecirrha declining starting in 1989. A stepwise regression analysis revealed that the reduction in A. tonsa abundance appeared to be most associated with a decreasing trend in C. quinquecirrha abundance, though only when trends in the two time-series were present. The drop in C. quinquecirrha abundance is associated with reduced predation on the ctenophore, Mnemiopsis leidyi, a key predator of A. tonsa. The long-term decline of A. tonsa has likely impacted trophic transfer to fish, particularly the zooplanktivorous bay anchovy (Anchoa mitchilli). A time-series of bay anchovy juvenile index showed a negative trend and the CUSUM analysis revealed 1993 as its starting point. Total fisheries landings, excluding menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus), in Chesapeake Bay have also declined during the same period and this

  2. Resting egg production induced by food limitation in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Hansen, Benni W.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Three populations of the copepod Acartia tonsa, two from the Baltic Sea and one from the U.S. East Coast, were compared for resting egg production at conditions of saturating and limiting food availability. All three populations produced eggs that hatched within 72 h when incubated at 17°C...... (subitaneous eggs), but the two Baltic populations in addition produced eggs that hatched at a much slower rate, in the course of a month (delayed hatching eggs [DHE]). Such eggs were not produced by the U.S. population. The fraction of DHE increased when food was limiting. Females from a Baltic population...... that were incubated individually all produced subitaneous eggs, but about half the females consistently also produced DHE. Cold storage that mimicked boreal winter conditions synchronized the hatching of DHE after extended storage, indicating that spring hatching of DHE might seed the water column...

  3. Dealing with the presence of the ciliate Euplotes sp. in cultures of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Dutz, Jörg

    2014-01-01

    Ciliates in live feed cultures can be a pest that lower production yields. This could dramatically affect the management and success of copepod cultures. In this study, we investigated the effect of the ciliate Euplotes sp. on egg production, specific egg production and egg hatching success...... of Acartia tonsa fed with Rhodomonas salina. We found that at a concentration of 2 cells ml-1, Euplotes sp. had no effect on the production and hatching success of eggs but increased/decreased the mortality/quality of non-subitaneous eggs. Euplotes sp. had a good fatty acid profile containing high proportion...... of unsaturated fatty acids, but the amount of fatty acids compared to their carbon weight was very low and, therefore, it was considered as a poor food source. We propose a short-term interruption of food supply to copepod cultures in order to mitigate bloom formation of ciliates. This will force copepods...

  4. Effects of methyltestosterone, letrozole, triphenyltin and fenarimol on histology of reproductive organs of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Watermann, Burkard T.; Albanis, Triantafyllos A.; Dagnac, Thierry;

    2013-01-01

    The marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa was exposed to methyltestosterone (MET, 1.6–126μgL−1), letrozole (LET, 10–1000μgL−1), triphenyltin chloride (TPT, 0.0014–0.0088μgL−1 TPT-Sn) and fenarimol (FEN, 2.8–105μgL−1) for 21d covering a full life-cycle. All four compounds investigated are known to...

  5. Toxicity of nickel in the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa: Nickel chloride versus nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, C; Vitiello, V; Casals, E; Puntes, V F; Iamunno, F; Pellegrini, D; Changwen, W; Benvenuto, G; Buttino, I

    2016-01-01

    Nickel compounds are widely used in industries and have been massively introduced in the environment in different chemical forms. Here we report the effect of two different chemical forms of nickel, NiCl2 and nickel nanoparticles (NiNPs), on the reproduction of the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. The behavior of nickel nanoparticles was analyzed with different techniques and with two protocols. In the "sonicated experiment" (SON) NiNP solution was sonicated while in the "non-sonicated experiment" (NON-SON) the solution was vigorously shaken by hand. Final nominal concentrations of 5, 10 and 50mgL(-1) and 1, 5 and 10mgL(-1) NiNPs were used for the acute and semichronic tests, respectively. Nanoparticle size did not change over time except for the highest concentration of 50mgL(-1) NiNPs, in which the diameter increased up to 843nm after 48h. The concentration of Ni dissolved in the water increased with NP concentration and was similar for SON and NON-SON solutions. Our results indicate that sonication does not modify toxicity for the copepod A. tonsa. Mean EC50 values were similar for NON-SON (20.2mgL(-1)) and SON experiments (22.14mgL(-1)) in the acute test. Similarly, no differences occurred between the two different protocols in the semichronic test, with an EC50 of 7.45mgL(-1) and 6.97mgL(-1) for NON-SON and SON experiments, respectively. Acute and semichronic tests, conducted exposing A. tonsa embryos to NiCl2 concentrations from 0.025 to 0.63mgL(-1), showed EC50 of 0.164 and 0.039mgL(-1), respectively. Overall, A. tonsa is more sensitive to NiCl2 than NiNPs with EC50 being one order of magnitude higher for NiNPs. Finally, we exposed adult copepods for 4 days to NiCl2 and NiNPs (chronic exposure) to study the effect on fecundity in terms of daily egg production and naupliar viability. Egg production is not affected by either form of nickel, whereas egg viability is significantly reduced by 0.025mgL(-1) NiCl2 and by 8.5mgL(-1) NiNPs. At NiNP concentration

  6. First feeding of Eugerres brasilianus (Carapeva larvae with Acartia tonsa (Copepod nauplii increases survival and resistance to acute stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanessa de Melo Costa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The rotifer Brachionus sp. is commonly used for larval feeding in marine fish hatcheries. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the inclusion of Acartia tonsa nauplii in the initial diet of carapeva larvae improves their survival, growth and resistance to stress when compared to the regimen containing only rotifers. Adult copepods were collected in the wild and cultured with the microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri, Isochrysis galbana and Nannochloropsis oculata to obtain nauplii. Carapeva larvae were grown for 15 days using four treatments and three replicates: 1 Brachionus plicatilis rotifers (10 to 15/mL; 2 A. tonsa nauplii (0.25 to 0.5/mL; 3 Brachionus plicatilis rotifers (5 to 7.5/mL + A. tonsa nauplii (0.12 to 0.25/mL, and 4 no supply of live feed. After 15 days, the carapeva larvae were subjected to stress by exposure to air for 10 seconds and then returned to the source tank to evaluate survival after 24 h. Survival and stress resistance were higher in carapeva larvae fed B. plicatilis + A. tonsa nauplii (P<0.05, 20.9 ± 11.2% and 88.9%, respectively. These results confirm the positive effect of the inclusion of copepod nauplii in the diet of fish larvae. However, more research is needed to validate these results.

  7. Food size spectra, ingestion and growth of the copepod Acartia tonsa during development: implications for the determination of copepod production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berggren, U.; Hansen, B.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1988-01-01

    stage. Since the biomass of particulate matter is approximately constant in equal logarithmic size classes in the sea, food availability may be similar for all developmental stages in the average marine environment. Juvenile specific growth rate was exponential and increased hyperbolically with food......Clearance rates on different sizes of spherically shaped algae were determined in uni-algal experiments for all developmental stages (NII through adult) of the copepodAcartia tonsa, and used to construct food size spectra. Growth and developmental rates were determined at 7 food levels (0 to 1 500...... g C l-1 ofRhodomonas baltica). The lower size limit for particle capture was between 2 and 4 m for all developmental stages. Optimum particle size and upper size limit increased during development from 7 m and 10 to 14 m for NII to NIII to 14 to 70 m and 250 m for adults, respectively. When food...

  8. Accumulation of polyunsaturated aldehydes in the gonads of the copepod Acartia tonsa revealed by tailored fluorescent probes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefanie Wolfram

    Full Text Available Polyunsaturated aldehydes (PUAs are released by several diatom species during predation. Besides other attributed activities, these oxylipins can interfere with the reproduction of copepods, important predators of diatoms. While intensive research has been carried out to document the effects of PUAs on copepod reproduction, little is known about the underlying mechanistic aspects of PUA action. Especially PUA uptake and accumulation in copepods has not been addressed to date. To investigate how PUAs are taken up and interfere with the reproduction in copepods we developed a fluorescent probe containing the α,β,γ,δ-unsaturated aldehyde structure element that is essential for the activity of PUAs as well as a set of control probes. We developed incubation and monitoring procedures for adult females of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa and show that the PUA derived fluorescent molecular probe selectively accumulates in the gonads of this copepod. In contrast, a saturated aldehyde derived probe of an inactive parent molecule was enriched in the lipid sac. This leads to a model for PUAs' teratogenic mode of action involving accumulation and covalent interaction with nucleophilic moieties in the copepod reproductive tissue. The teratogenic effect of PUAs can therefore be explained by a selective targeting of the molecules into the reproductive tissue of the herbivores, while more lipophilic but otherwise strongly related structures end up in lipid bodies.

  9. Effect of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP1) on early life-stage development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa at different temperatures and salinities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kusk, Kresten Ole; Avdolli, Manola; Wollenberger, Leah

    2011-01-01

    Benzophenone (BP)-type ultraviolet (UV) filters are widely used in cosmetic and sunscreen products and can enter the aquatic environment. Therefore, we investigated the subchronic toxicity of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP1) on the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in an early life-stage devel......Benzophenone (BP)-type ultraviolet (UV) filters are widely used in cosmetic and sunscreen products and can enter the aquatic environment. Therefore, we investigated the subchronic toxicity of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP1) on the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in an early life......-stage development study. Since developmental endpoints depend on environmental conditions, a preceding study of A. tonsa development was performed at three temperatures, four salinities, four light:dark regimes, six food densities, and four culture densities. Times elapsed until 50% of the population had reached...... a copepodite stage (DT(½) ) at the different conditions were calculated. The DT(½) values decreased from 296 h at 15°C to 89 h at 25°C and were also affected by salinity (126 h at 15‰ and 167 h at 30‰), whereas the light:dark regime and culture density influenced development only to a minor extent. BP1...

  10. Recent advances within intensive Recirculated Aquaculture System cultivation of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Højgaard, Jacob Kring; Drillet, Guillaume;

    2014-01-01

    and the nauplii can be feed to marine fish larvae. A restriction is that copepod cultures for producing eggs are after 30 years of research still not stable and in large enough scale for bulk production of eggs. Recently a unique copepod Recirculated Aquaculture System (RAS) at Roskilde University (Denmark...

  11. The turbidity front as a habitat for Acartia tonsa (Copepoda) in the Río de la Plata, Argentina-Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derisio, Carla; Braverman, Mara; Gaitán, Esteban; Hozbor, Constanza; Ramírez, Fernando; Carreto, José; Botto, Florencia; Gagliardini, Domingo A.; Acha, E. Marcelo; Mianzan, Hermes

    2014-01-01

    Acartia tonsa is one of the most abundant copepod species in estuaries worldwide. In the Río de la Plata, its highest densities appear to occur in an area of low quality food (detritus): the turbidity front (TF). The objective of this study was to understand how trophic and oceanographic drivers contribute to the high densities of A. tonsa in the Río de la Plata TF. The patterns of spatial distribution and density of this species were analyzed in relation to oceanographic and biological attributes of the system. The egg production rate (EPR) in the TF was evaluated as a measure of fitness, and a stable isotope analysis indicated the possible sources of organic matter in the species' diet. This study confirmed that the highest observed densities of A. tonsa were mostly associated with the TF, where high suspended matter and low Chl-a occur. Immediately offshore from the TF, decreased copepod densities and the maximum Chl-a values were found. Females close to the estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM) had a lower EPR than those closer to the high Chl-a concentrations. Within the TF, A. tonsa apparently fed on detritus close to the ETM and phytoplankton close to the edge of the TF. The report includes a discussion of how retention processes, two layered flow and the life history strategy of A. tonsa could be contributing to the development of high densities (more than 10,000 ind m- 3) of this species in the inner estuarine zone, despite the poor quality of food available for development in that area. A. tonsa can live and prosper in areas with high turbidity and low chlorophyll concentrations. This trait exemplifies the plasticity of this species and helps explain why it is a key species in many worldwide estuaries.

  12. Can we use laboratory reared copepods for experiments - a comparison of feeding behavior and reproduction between a field and a laboratory population of Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tiselius, P.; Hansen, B.; Jonsson, P.;

    1995-01-01

    Motility patterns and egg production were investigated in two populations of Acartia tonsa, field animals from the Oresund and laboratory animals from a 12-year-old (approximate to 120 generations) culture. When observed in aquaria with a layer of Thalassiosira weissflogii in the middle, laboratory...... animals displayed weak aggregation behaviour, while field animals did not aggregate at all. Both populations made longer and more frequent feeding bouts inside the patch. Egg production measurements were in accordance with the behaviour of the laboratory population if no diel feeding rhythm was assumed...

  13. Effects of methyltestosterone, letrozole, triphenyltin and fenarimol on histology of reproductive organs of the copepod Acartia tonsa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watermann, Burkard T; Albanis, Triantafyllos A; Dagnac, Thierry; Gnass, Katarina; Ole Kusk, K; Sakkas, Vasilios A; Wollenberger, Leah

    2013-07-01

    The marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa was exposed to methyltestosterone (MET, 1.6-126 μg L(-1)), letrozole (LET, 10-1000 μg L(-1)), triphenyltin chloride (TPT, 0.0014-0.0088 μg L(-1) TPT-Sn) and fenarimol (FEN, 2.8-105 μg L(-1)) for 21 d covering a full life-cycle. All four compounds investigated are known to act as androgens in vertebrates. The digestive tract, musculature, nervous system, reproductive organs, gonad and accessory sexual glands were examined by light microscopy after routine staining and immune-labelling for detection of apoptosis and determination of proliferation activities. MET induced an inhibition of oogenesis, oocyte maturation and yolk formation, respectively, which was most pronounced at the lowest concentrations tested. In LET exposed males, spermatogenesis was enhanced with very prominent gamete stages; in some stages apoptosis occurred. The spermatophore was hypertrophied and displayed deformations. In females, LET induced a disorder of oogenesis and disturbances in yolk synthesis. TPT stimulated the male reproductive system at 0.0014 and 0.0035 μg TPT-SnL(-1), whereas inhibiting effects were observed in the female gonad at 0.0088 μg TPT-SnL(-1). In FEN exposed females proliferation of gametes was reduced and yolk formation showed irregular features at 2.8-105 μgL(-1). In FEN exposed males an elevated proliferation activity was observed. No pathological alterations in other organ systems, e.g. the digestive tract including the hindgut acting as respiratory organ, the nervous system, or the musculature were seen. This indicates that the effects on gonads might be caused rather by disturbance of endocrine signalling or interference with hormone metabolism than by general toxicity. PMID:23664474

  14. The effects of power station entrainment passage on three species of marine planktonic crustacean, Acartia tonsa (Copepoda), Crangon crangon (Decapoda) and Homarus gammarus (Decapoda).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bamber, Roger N; Seaby, Richard M H

    2004-05-01

    Experiments have been undertaken exposing larval common shrimp (Crangon crangon) and lobster (Homarus gammarus) and adult copepods (Acartia tonsa) to the key stresses of entrainment within power-station cooling-water systems. The apparatus has enabled the testing of mechanical, thermal, chlorine and realistic pressure effects both alone and in combination, the range of stressors spanning the standard conditions found within a temperate coastal direct-cooled power station. Mechanical stresses affected only lobster larvae, pressure changes affected only the Acartia adults. Residual chlorine caused significant mortality of Acartia and shrimp larvae, but had no effect on lobster larvae even at 1 ppm. The temperature increment significantly affected all three species, with a synergistic effect on chlorine sensitivity in the shrimp larvae, but only temperatures higher than would be experienced in a normally-operating power station affected the copepods. The majority of individuals of each species would survive passage through a power-station system under normal conditions. It is notable that, within the species tested, generalizations from the responses of one species to those of another are not valid. PMID:14749060

  15. Effects of salinity on egg and fecal pellet production, development and survival, adult sex ratio and total life span in the calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa: a laboratory study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shayegan, Majid; Esmaeili Fereidouni, Abolghasem; Agh, Naser; Jani Khalili, Khosrow

    2016-07-01

    The effects of salinity on the copepod, Acartia tonsa in terms of daily egg production rate (EPR), hatching success, fecal pellet production rate (FPR), naupliar development time and survival, sex ratio, and total life span were determined in laboratory conditions through three experiments. In experiment 1, EPR, hatching success, and FPR of individual females were monitored at salinities of 13, 20, 35 and 45 during short-periods (seven consecutive days). Results show EPR was affected by salinity with the highest outputs recorded at 20 and 35, respectively, which were considerably higher than those at 13 and 45. Mean FPR was also higher in 35 and 20. In experiment 2, the same parameters were evaluated over total life span of females (long-term study). The best EPR and FPR were observed in 35, which was statistically higher than at 13 and 20. In experiment 3, survival rates of early nauplii until adult stage were lowest at a salinity of 13. The development time increased with increasing of salinity. Female percentage clearly decreased with increasing salinity. Higher female percentages (56.7% and 52.2%, respectively) were significantly observed at two salinities of 13 and 20 compared to that at 35 (25%). Total longevity of females was not affected by salinity increment. Based on our results, for mass culture we recommend that a salinity of 35 be adopted due to higher reproductive performances, better feeding, and faster development of A. tonsa.

  16. Acartia tonsa eggs as a biomonitor to evaluate bioavailability/toxicity of persistent contaminants in anoxic/sulfidic conditions: The case of cadmium and nickel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sei, Sandra; Invidia, Marion; Giannetto, Marco; Gorbi, Gessica

    2016-10-01

    The evaluation of toxicity due to persistent pollutants in anoxic aquatic environments has met with various problems, as most test organisms can not withstand oxygen lack and exposure to free sulfide. We evaluated the suitability of the eggs of the brackish copepod Acartia tonsa for bioassays in anoxic/sulfidic conditions: when exposed to deep hypoxia and free sulfide, the eggs become quiescent and are able to resume hatching after restoring normoxic conditions. Tests with cadmium and nickel were performed in normoxic and deeply hypoxic conditions and in anoxic water containing H2S or H2S+FeSO4 on an equimolar basis. Active and quiescent eggs showed equivalent sensitivity to the metals, both suffering significant reductions in hatching success at 89μM Cd and 17μM Ni. As expected on the basis of the SEM/AVS model, Cd toxicity was almost completely suppressed in presence of sulfides. Dissolved Cd concentration drastically dropped and hatching success was generally >80%, as against values contaminants in anoxic conditions and the role of sulfides in reducing metal bioavailability/toxicity. PMID:27235834

  17. Do Acartia tonsa (Dana) eggs regulate their volume and osmolality as salinity changes?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume; Pedersen, Morten Foldager;

    2012-01-01

    . In contrast, extreme hyper-saline conditions (76 psu) made the eggs implode and killed the embryo. We propose that the embryo is protected from salinity stress by its plasma membrane and that water exchange driven by osmosis is restricted to the perivitelline space of the egg, which acts as a perfect...

  18. Tolerance of un-ionized ammonia in live feed cultures of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Andersen, Claus V. B.; Schjelde, Johannes;

    2015-01-01

    Optimal water quality is considered as being a restriction for marine copepod cultures for live feed. There is a lack of knowledge on the water-quality conditions in copepod cultures and the effect on copepods. Few studies have investigated the effect of ammonia on copepods, and fewer reports...

  19. Comparative oxygen consumption rates of subitaneous and delayed hatching eggs of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume

    2013-01-01

    Life history strategies can be adaptations to existence in e.g. unstable environments. Under stressful environmental conditions mobile species tend to migrate to more suitable places, but migration in time by dormancy is another durable strategy. More than 50 species of calanoid copepods can...... history trait allowing the spread of hatching over a period of time (a month or two), increasing the likelihood that some offspring encounter suitable environmental conditions and can contribute to the pelagic population of neritic calanoids in environmental fluctuating environments....

  20. A new large egg type from the marine live feed calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) – Perspectives for selective breeding of designer feed for hatcheries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halsen Hammarvold, Stian; Glud, Ronnie N.; Evjemo, Jan Ove;

    2015-01-01

    Mass cultivation ofmarine copepods as live feed requires predictable and uniform production of a standard product for the end users, the hatcheries. A previously undescribed large egg type, measuring a mean diameter of 106.5 μm, was characterized and compared to normal eggs (82.3 μm) from...... correspondingly large, and the copepods remained large when developing into adulthood. The fact that copepods hatched from large eggs were fertile indicates no chromosomal abnormalities and suggests that this egg type represents the upper tail end of eggs in a classical normal distribution of size vs. frequency....... The next generations' eggswere not as large as the ones they originated from suggesting that the rare large eggs represent a maternal effect. The large size eggs do however pose an interesting selection potential for designing large species-specific live feed products in aquaculture....

  1. A new large egg type from the marine live feed calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)-Perspectives for selective breeding of designer feed for hatcheries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hammervold, Stian Halsen; Glud, Ronnie N.; Evjemo, Jan Ove;

    2015-01-01

    Mass cultivation of marine copepods as live feed requires predictable and uniform production of a standard product for the end users, the hatcheries. A previously undescribed large egg type, measuring a mean diameter of 106.5 μm, was characterized and compared to normal eggs (82.3 μm) from...... correspondingly large, and the copepods remained large when developing into adulthood. The fact that copepods hatched from large eggs were fertile indicates no chromosomal abnormalities and suggests that this egg type represents the upper tail end of eggs in a classical normal distribution of size vs. frequency....... The next generations' eggs were not as large as the ones they originated from suggesting that the rare large eggs represent a maternal effect. The large size eggs do however pose an interesting selection potential for designing large species-specific live feed products in aquaculture...

  2. The fate of lipids during development and cold-storage of eggs in the laboratory-reared calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa Dana, and in response to different algal diets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støttrup, Josianne; Bell, J.G.; Sargent, J.R.

    1999-01-01

    : the cryptophyte Rhodomonas baltica, the haptophyte Isochrysis galbana clone T- iso, the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii and the dinoflagellate Heterocapsa triquetra. Further, the effect of cold storage of eggs on the lipid composition of the newly hatched nauplii was examined. During development, the fatty acid...

  3. Hydrodynamic signal perception in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiørboe, Thomas; Saiz, E.; Visser, Andre

    1999-01-01

    Copepods may remotely detect predators from the velocity gradients these generate in the ambient water. Each of the different components and characteristics of a velocity gradient (acceleration, vorticity, longitudinal and shear deformation) can cause a velocity difference between the copepod and...... such threshold deformation rates are just sufficient to allow efficient predator detection while at the same time just below maximum turbulent deformation rates, thus preventing inordinate escapes....

  4. Predatory and suspension feeding of the copepod Acartia tonsa in turbulent environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saiz, E.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1995-01-01

    )) was generated by an oscillating grid. In ambush feeding mode, low (realistic) intensities of turbulence (epsilon = 10(-3) to 10(-2) cm(2) s(- 3)) enhanced clearance rates by up to a factor of 4 above those observed in calm water. Higher intensities of turbulence (epsilon = 10(-1) to 10(1) cm(2) s(-3)) resulted...... of the 2 feeding behaviours, including the negative effects, were accurately predicted by encounter rate and feeding behaviour models proposed by Kiorboe and Saiz (1995; Mar Ecol Frog Ser 122:135-145). Because feeding behaviour is specific to the prey (phytoplankton vs motile prey), and because ambush...... it is numerically scarce relative to phytoplankton in the environment...

  5. A parameter for detecting estrogenic exposure in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Henrik Rasmus; Halling-Sørensen, Bent; Kusk, Kresten Ole

    1999-01-01

    estrogenic than 17 beta-estradiol, the nonestrogen 2,3-dichlorophenole was tested at 13.6 mu g/L (molar concentration equal to 23 mu g/L 17 beta-estradiol) to test if the response is a general nonestrogenic toxic stress effect. The 2,3-dichlorophenole produced no effect. (C) 1999 Academic Press....

  6. Do inactivated Microbial Preparations Improve Life History Traits of the Copepod Acartia tonsa?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Rabarimanantsoa, Tahina; Frouel, Stéphane;

    2011-01-01

    production and hatching success, HS). This was carried out because the use of copepods as live prey in aquaculture could increase the number of fish successfully raised through their entire life cycle. However, the availability of copepods is limited by their difficulty to be effectively raised. Our results...

  7. ANALISIS PENYALURAN DANA BANK SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siswati -

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik Dana Pihak Ketiga (DPK, Non Performing Financing (NPF, Sertifikat Wadiah Bank Indonesia (SWBI, dan penyaluran dana Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. Serta untuk menganalisis pengaruh DPK, NPF, dan bonus SWBI secara simultan maupun parsial terhadap penyaluran dana yang diberikan oleh Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah laporan keuangan bulanan Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia tahun 2005-2007. Hasil penelitan ini menunjukkan bahwa DPK, NPF, dan Bonus SWBI berpengaruh secara simultan terhadap penyaluran dana yang dilakukan oleh Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia sebesar 99,2% dan sisanya 0,8%  dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diungkap dalam penelitian ini. Secara parsial DPK berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap penyaluran dana Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia sebesar 98,65%, sedangkan NPF dan Bonus SWBI tidak signifikan berpengaruh secara parsial terhadap penyaluran dana yang dilakukan oleh Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia.This study aims to describe the characteristics of Third Party Funds (TPF, Non-Performing Financing (NPF, Bank Indonesia Certificates Wadiah (SWBI, and funds Islamic Bank Mega Indonesia. Moreover to analyze the influence of DPK, NPF, and the bonus SWBI simultaneously or partially on the distribution of funds provided by the Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. The sample in this study is the monthly financial report of Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia in 2005-2007. The results of this research showed that DPK, NPF, and Bonus SWBI simultaneous effect on the distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 99.2% and the remaining 0.8% influenced by other factors that are not revealed in this study. DPK is partially positive and significant effect on the distribution of funds Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 98.65%, while the NPF and Bonus SWBI insignificant effect on the partial distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia.

  8. 33 CFR 80.1110 - Dana Point Harbor, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dana Point Harbor, CA. 80.1110 Section 80.1110 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1110 Dana Point Harbor, CA. A line drawn from Dana Point Jetty Light 6 to...

  9. O KOMPARATIVNOJ KNJIŽEVNOSTI DANAS

    OpenAIRE

    Franić, Viktorija

    2010-01-01

    U članku autorica podastire kritički pregled književno teoretskih dostignuća u hrvatskoj komparatistici od njihovih začetaka do danas, s posebnim naglaskom na pregled problemskih punktova i lakuna u prvim teoretskim radovima inozemnih i hrvatskih komparatista. U raspravi se uspostavlja diferencijacija između tradicionalne komparatistike često nazivane francuskom školom i suvremene komparatistike. Na iskustvima tih opisa i uvida u radu se predviđa daljnji razvoj komparativne književnosti po...

  10. Influence of two different green algal diets on specific dynamic action and incorporation of carbon into biochemical fractions in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thor, P.; Cervetto, G.; Besiktepe, S.;

    2002-01-01

    dynamic action (SDA) of the two diets. Secondly, we wanted to investigate if any qualitative differences in the incorporation of nutritional constituents from the two diets are influencing SDA. The functional response of ingestion was very different with the two diets. Ingestion of T impellucida...... incorporated relatively more carbon into proteins when feeding on T. impellucida than on D. tertiolecta. Since protein synthesis is energetically very demanding this is probably the reason for the higher SDA coefficient in those feeding on T. impellucida....

  11. Effect of temperature and viscosity on swimming velocity of the copepod Acartia tonsa, brine shrimp Artemia salina and rotifer Brachionus plicatilis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Poul Scheel; Madsen, C.V.; Riisgard, H.U.

    2008-01-01

    Beating cilia are important organelles for swimming in many zooplanktonic aquatic organisms, including many invertebrate larvae, rotifers and ciliates, but other planktonic organisms, such as copepods and brine shrimps, use muscle-powered swimming appendages. In recent studies we found that the t...

  12. Richard Henry Dana (1927-2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, James

    2016-01-01

    Richard Henry Dana was born on June 14, 1927, in Bronxville, New York. Dick was accepted to Princeton University in 1944 on a scholarship and graduated in 1949. He then became a student leader in the Congress of Racial Equality and participated in a series of nonviolent sit-in protests. He completed studies for his doctoral degree at the University of Illinois in clinical psychology (1953). He briefly held a series of clinical and university positions until finally settling down at the University of Arkansas (1969- 1988). It was during his long tenure in Arkansas that Dick authored one of the foundational textbooks in clinical psychology. His groundbreaking work, Multicultural Assessment Perspectives for Professional Psychology (1993), provided the first comprehensive book on the topic. Over a remarkable 10-year period, he produced a flurry of scholarly and professional activity. He passed away peacefully at his home in Portland, Oregon, on August 17, 2015. PMID:26866992

  13. Võitlev raamatukogutöötaja ja radikaalne uuendaja John Cotton Dana / Eda Pihu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihu, Eda

    2010-01-01

    Dana on ajalukku läinud avariiulite loojana, laste- ja äriraamatukogudele alusepanijana, reklaami kasutajana raamatukogude propageerimisel ühiskonnas ja lugemisharjumuste edendajana. Lisa: John Cotton Dana 12 kuulsat lugemise reeglit

  14. Analisis Kinerja 14 Reksa Dana Saham Terbaik Periode 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yen Sun

    2011-04-01

    using Sharpe, Treynor to find which mutual fund outperform the market. Also, each method will result rank of the best mutual fund. Furthermore, there is one more method will be used in performance evaluation, Jensen. The result of this study is there are two mutual funds that can be recommended for investment in 2011, they are Panin Dana Maksima and Panin Dana Prima. They are recommended because the two mutual funds showed the best performance for those three methods of evaluation and they can maintain their performance for more than one period.

  15. PENGARUH PENERAPAN GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP PERILAKU ETIS DALAM PENGELOLAAN DANA BANTUAN OPERASIONAL SEKOLAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fauzan Fauzan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji pengaruh penerapan good corporate governance terhadap perilaku etis dalam pengelolaan Dana BOS SMP di Kota Malang. Jenis penelitian adalah survey. Populasinya adalah kepala sekolah SMP baik negeri dan swasta penerima Dana BOS. Ada 24 SMP Negeri dan 66 SMP Swasta penerima Dana BOS. Teknik pengambilan sampelnya adalah simple random sampling. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis regresi linear berganda. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa semua variabel independen secara simultan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap variabel dependen. Secara parsial, transparansi berpengaruh secara positif dan signifikan terhadap pengelolaan dana BOS. Akuntabilitas berpengaruh negative dan tidak signifikan terhadap pengelolaan dana BOS. Partisipasi masyarakat berpengaruh secara positif dan tidak signifikan terhadap pengelolaan dana BOS. Transparansi yang paling dominan mempengaruhi pengelolaan dana BOS.

  16. Observations on feeding behaviour and survival rates in the estuarine calanoid copepods Acartia spinicauda and Heliodiaptomus cinctus (Crustacea: Copepoda: Calanoida)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Srivastava, Y.; Fernandes, Brenda; Goswami, S.C.; Goswami, U.; Achuthankutty, C.T.

    Experiments were conducted on the calanoid copepods, Acartia spinicauda (Acartiidae) and Heliodiaptomus cinctus (Diaptomidae) in order to determine food preference and survival rates respectively. Adults of A. spinicauda were fed monocultures...

  17. Navještaj evanđelja mladima danas

    OpenAIRE

    Chávez Villanueva, Pascual

    2011-01-01

    U članku je riječ o evangelizaciji i navještaju evanđelja mladima danas. Da bi netko bio evangelizator, prvo mora biti pozvan i poslan. Za kršćane to znači i biti s Isusom, biti njegov učenik, a potom i apostol. Poput prvih učenika, i današnji apostoli pozvani su pokazivati Isusa onima koji ga žele vidjeti. Valja biti i hodati zajedno s mladima kako bi im se pomoglo da požele vidjeti Isusa i susretnu se s njim u zajednici njegovih učenika, Crkvi. Središnje mjesto u evangelizaciji pripada osob...

  18. Forensic odontological observations in the victims of DANA air crash

    OpenAIRE

    Obafunwa, John Oladapo; Ogunbanjo, Victor Olabode; Ogunbanjo, Ogunbiyi Babatunde; Soyemi, Sunday Sokunle; Faduyile, Francis Adedayo

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Forensic odontology or forensic dentistry is that aspect of forensic science that uses the application of dental science for the identification of unknown human remains and bite marks. Deaths resulting from mass disasters such as plane crash or fire incidence have always been given mass burial in Nigeria. This was obviously due to the fact that Forensic Pathologists whose roles involve disaster victim identification were not available at that time. However, in the DANA air crash ...

  19. Polypteridae (Actinopterygii: Cladistia) and DANA-SINEs insertions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morescalchi, Maria Alessandra; Barucca, Marco; Stingo, Vincenzo; Capriglione, Teresa

    2010-06-01

    SINE sequences are interspersed throughout virtually all eukaryotic genomes and greatly outnumber the other repetitive elements. These sequences are of increasing interest for phylogenetic studies because of their diagnostic power for establishing common ancestry among taxa, once properly characterized. We identified and characterized a peculiar family of composite tRNA-derived short interspersed SINEs, DANA-SINEs, associated with mutational activities in Danio rerio, in a group of species belonging to one of the most basal bony fish families, the Polypteridae, in order to investigate their own inner specific phylogenetic relationships. DANA sequences were identified, sequenced and then localized, by means of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), in six Polypteridae species (Polypterus delhezi, P. ornatipinnis, P. palmas, P. buettikoferi P. senegalus and Erpetoichthys calabaricus) After cloning, the sequences obtained were aligned for phylogenetic analysis, comparing them with three Dipnoan lungfish species (Protopterus annectens, P. aethiopicus, Lepidosiren paradoxa), and Lethenteron reissneri (Petromyzontidae)was used as outgroup. The obtained overlapping MP, ML and NJ tree clustered together the species belonging to the two taxonomically different Osteichthyans groups: the Polypteridae, by one side, and the Protopteridae by the other, with the monotypic genus Erpetoichthys more distantly related to the Polypterus genus comprising three distinct groups: P. palmas and P. buettikoferi, P. delhezi and P. ornatipinnis and P. senegalus. In situ hybridization with DANA probes marked along the whole chromosome arms in the metaphases of all the Polypteridae species examined. PMID:21798200

  20. Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) Prototype System User Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sam Alessi; Dennis Keiser

    2012-10-01

    This document is a user manual for the Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) model. DANA provides an analysis of dairy anaerobic digestion technology and allows users to calculate biogas production, co-product valuation, capital costs, expenses, revenue and financial metrics, for user customizable scenarios, dairy and digester types. The model provides results for three anaerobic digester types; Covered Lagoons, Modified Plug Flow, and Complete Mix, and three main energy production technologies; electricity generation, renewable natural gas generation, and compressed natural gas generation. Additional options include different dairy types, bedding types, backend treatment type as well as numerous production, and economic parameters. DANA’s goal is to extend the National Market Value of Anaerobic Digester Products analysis (informa economics, 2012; Innovation Center, 2011) to include a greater and more flexible set of regional digester scenarios and to provide a modular framework for creation of a tool to support farmer and investor needs. Users can set up scenarios from combinations of existing parameters or add new parameters, run the model and view a variety of reports, charts and tables that are automatically produced and delivered over the web interface. DANA is based in the INL’s analysis architecture entitled Generalized Environment for Modeling Systems (GEMS) , which offers extensive collaboration, analysis, and integration opportunities and greatly speeds the ability construct highly scalable web delivered user-oriented decision tools. DANA’s approach uses server-based data processing and web-based user interfaces, rather a client-based spreadsheet approach. This offers a number of benefits over the client-based approach. Server processing and storage can scale up to handle a very large number of scenarios, so that analysis of county, even field level, across the whole U.S., can be performed. Server based databases allow dairy and digester

  1. Pengalokasian Dana Corporate Social Responsibility sebagai Alternatif Biaya Pembangunan di Pemerintahan Kota Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Yuliana, Siti

    2015-01-01

    Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti mencoba untuk mejawab permasalahan yaitu bagaimana mengatasi keterbatasan finansial (APBD) Pemerintah Kota Medan dalam mengoptimalisasi pembangunan daerah melalui pengalokasian dana Corporate Social Responsibility perusahaan yang ada di Kota Medan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui potensi pengalokasian dana Corporate Social Responsibility perusahaan yang dapat dijadikan sebagai alternatif solusi biaya pembangunan di Kota Medan, untuk mengetahui hubunga...

  2. X-15 #3 with test pilot Bill Dana

    Science.gov (United States)

    1967-01-01

    NASA research pilot Bill Dana is seen here next to the X-15 #3 (56-6672) rocket-powered aircraft after a flight. William H. Dana is Chief Engineer at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. Formerly an aerospace research pilot at Dryden, Dana flew the F-15 HIDEC research aircraft and the Advanced Fighter Technology Integration/F-16 aircraft. Dana flew the famed X-15 research airplane 16 times, reaching a top speed of 3,897 miles per hour and a peak altitude of 306,900 feet (over 58 miles high). The X-15 research aircraft was developed to provide in-flight information and data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls, and the physiological aspects of high-speed, high-altitude flight. A follow on program used the aircraft as a testbed to carry various scientific experiments beyond the Earth's atmosphere on a repeated basis. The X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 ft long with a wingspan of 22 ft. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique side fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 weighed about 14,000 lb empty and approximately 34,000 lb at launch. The XLR-99 rocket engine, manufactured by Thiokol Chemical Corp., was pilot controlled and was capable of developing 57,000 lb of thrust. North American Aviation built three X-15 aircraft for the program. For flight in the dense air of the usable atmosphere, the X-15 used conventional aerodynamic controls such as rudder surfaces on the vertical stabilizers to control yaw and movable horizontal stabilizers to control pitch when moving in synchronization or roll when moved differentially. For flight in the thin air outside of the appreciable Earth's atmosphere, the X-15 used a reaction control system. Hydrogen peroxide thrust rockets located on the nose of the aircraft provided pitch and yaw control. Those on the wings provided roll control. Because of the large fuel consumption, the X-15 was air launched from a

  3. May 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from Dana Point to Point...

  4. September 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from Dana Point to Point...

  5. Dana Scully: la heroína limitada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Martín Alegre

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The popular heroine Dana Scully, protagonist of the TV series The XFiles (1993-2002, is a clear example of the contradictory status of all heroines created by men that are nonetheless attractive to female audiences. On the one hand, female spectators admire her as an example of personal and professional honesty but feel frustrated by her weak points, which are emotional. They don’t know whether to read them as realistic features –women are like that- or as plain misogyny: the male creators of the character force her to go in direction no woman in her place would go. After considering her origins, characterisation and development, especially in the last two seasons in which she becomes a mother, I conclude that the ambiguous feminine response she generates is inevitable. Feminist textual criticism reaches thus a dead end: we should give up deploring the absence of a clear feminist stance in men’s texts to vindicate the presence of women in the positions they monopolise in the film and TV industries. Only thus can we really learn what kind of popular heroine we women really want.

  6. Gonad morphology, oocyte development and spawning cycle of the calanoid copepod Acartia clausi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisfeld, Sonja M.; Niehoff, Barbara

    2007-09-01

    Information on gonad morphology and its relation to basic reproductive parameters such as clutch size and spawning frequency is lacking for Acartia clausi, a dominant calanoid copepod of the North Sea. To fill this gap, females of this species were sampled at Helgoland Roads from mid March to late May 2001. Gonad structure and oogenesis were studied using a combination of histology and whole-body-analysis. In addition, clutch size and spawning frequency were determined in incubation experiments, during which individual females were monitored at short intervals for 8 and 12 h, respectively. The histological analysis revealed that the ovary of A. clausi is w-shaped with two distinct tips pointing posteriorly. It is slightly different from that of other Acartia species and of other copepod taxa. From the ovary, two anterior diverticula extend into the head region, and two posterior diverticula extend to the genital opening in the abdomen. Developing oocytes change in shape and size, and in the appearance of the nucleus and the ooplasm. Based on these morphological characteristics, different oocyte development stages (OS) were identified. Mitotically dividing oogonia and young oocytes (OS 0) were restricted to the ovary, whereas vitellogenic oocytes (OS 1 4) were present in the diverticula. The development stage of the oocytes increased with distance to the ovary in both, anterior and posterior diverticula. Most advanced oocytes were situated ventrally, and their number varied between 1 and 18, at a median of 4. All oocyte development stages co-occur indicating that oogenesis in A. clausi is a continuous process. These morphological features reflect the reproductive traits of this species. In accordance with the low numbers of mature oocytes in the gonads, females usually produced small clutches of one to five eggs. Clutches were released throughout the entire observation period at intervals of 90 min (median) resulting in mean egg production rates of 18 28 eggs female

  7. ANALISISPENGARUH DANA PIHAK KETIGA (DPK), CAPITAL ADEQUACY RATIO ( CAR ), DANNON PERFORMING LOAN ( NPL ) TERHADAP PENYALURAN KREDIT PERBANKAN

    OpenAIRE

    LAU, TENRI

    2012-01-01

    Perbankan merupakan bagian yang sangat penting dalam perekonomian, salah satunya sebagai lembaga intermediasi yang tugasnya menghimpun dana dari masyarakat dan menyalurkannya kembali dalam bentuk kredit. Tujuan penelitan ini adalah untuk mengetahui sejauh mana hubungan Dana Pihak Ketiga (DPK), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), dan Non Performing Loan (NPL) terhadap besarnya penyaluran kredit pada Bank Persero di Indonesia. Variable independen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Dana Pihak ...

  8. Reduction of hydrocarbon contamination on viability of Acartia pacifica benthic resting eggs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Xiaodong; WANG Guizhong; LIN Qiongwu

    2008-01-01

    The potential effect of hydrocarbon contamination on the hatching success of benthic resting eggs of Acartia pacifica in Xiamen Bay was investigated experimentally.The number of nauplii emerging from the sediment samples decreased with increasing Fuel Oil #0 concentration.The estimated rate of mortality increased markedly with the increase of Fuel Oil #0 concentration.Successive fuel Oil #0 concentrations from 50 mg/kg to 5000 mg/kg reduced the number of hatched nauplii by 3.8%-100%.The mortality of A.pacifica resting eggs due to Fuel Oil #0 contamination did not significantly increase as time progressed at each concentration level.The LC50 values of resting eggs,changing from 237.12 to 279.59 mg/kg,remained at an almost stable level in two months.The number of A.pacifica nauplii that hatched from the sediment at 10℃ was higher than those from the sediment at 30℃,which indicates that the toxicity of Fuel Oil #0 on A.pacifica resting eggs increases with increasing temperature.

  9. A potential source of recruitment of Acartia pacifica nauplii:viable benthic resting eggs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Guizhong; JIANG Xiaodong; LI Shaojing; WU Lisheng; WU Dingxun

    2005-01-01

    Many estuarine and coastal planktonic copepods depend on the hatching of benthic resting eggs for recruitment of nauplii to the water column population. The distribution and abundance of viable resting eggs of Acartia pacifica in the Xiamen Bay were determined by the presence of nauplii in the laboratory. The number of viable eggs varied temporally and spatially. The maximum number (9.2×104m-2) of viable eggs was in summer. In spring the average abundance of viable eggs was 5.6×104 m-2. The abundances of viable eggs in fall and winter were similar, respectively 2.7×104 and 3.3×104 m-2, which were the lowest in the year. The numbers of viable eggs inside the stations of the Xiamen Bay were higher than those outside the stations. The viable eggs were found at all depths (0~10 cm),although not in every station. The maximin number did not necessarily occur in the uppermost centimeter of the sediments but often occurred several centimeters below the water-sediment interface. The accumulation of viable eggs in the seabed of a subtropical bay constitutes a potential source of recruitment of nauplii into the pelagic population.

  10. Reduction of recruitment of Acartia pacifica nauplii from benthic resting eggs due to organochlorine pesticides

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Xiao-dong; WANG Gui-zhong; LI Shao-jing

    2006-01-01

    Many estuarine and coastal planktonic copepods depend on the hatching of benthic resting eggs for recruitment of nauplii to the water column population. The potential effects of two organochlorine pesticides, hexchloriobinzene (HCH) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), on the recruitment of Acartia pacifica nauplii from benthic resting eggs in the seabed of Xiamen Bay were experimentally investigated. The abundance of A. pacifica nauplii hatched from the sediment significantly decreased with the increase of pesticide concentration. Trimmed Spearman-Karber analysis gave sediment 96-h LC50 values were84.81 ng/g for HCH, and 157.94 ng/g for DDT. The median AI (AI50) was -0.77, which suggested that the combined effect of HCH and DDT showed a weak effect than individual effects. There was a positive relationship between mortality and exposure time in DDT treatment, while the relationship was not significant in HCH treatment. The results suggest that organochlorine pesticides can reduce recruitment ofA. pacifica nauplii from benthic resting eggs to planktonic population.

  11. Promoting Writing among Psychology Students and Faculty: An Interview with Dana S. Dunn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goddard, Perilou

    2002-01-01

    Perilou Goddard is a professor of psychology at Northern Kentucky University (NKU), where she teaches introductory and abnormal psychology as well as courses in writing in psychology and drug policy. She was chosen as NKU's outstanding professor in 1999. Dana S. Dunn is a professor of psychology and former chair of the Department of Psychology at…

  12. Dana Awards for Undergraduate Education and Health Prompt Debate on the Proper Role of Foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillen, Liz

    1988-01-01

    The Charles A. Dana Foundation is trying to bring attention to innovations that improve the quality of undergraduate education and those that prevent disease and promote health. It is especially interested in ideas that can be copied on other campuses or in other communities or medical institutes. (MLW)

  13. Microcassiope minor (Dana, 1852: a description of the first stage zoea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Xanthidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.F. CLARK

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The first stage zoea of Microcassiope minor (Dana, 1852 is described, illustrated and compared with thirteen other known Xanthinae. This comparison suggests that M. minor is closely related to another Atlantic Ocean xanthid, Nanocassiope melanodactyla (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867. Such an affinity may indicate that the genus Nanocassiope Guinot, 1967 is not a homogenous taxon.

  14. We the People? An Analysis of the Dana Corporation Policies Document.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Priscilla S.; Swales, John M.

    1990-01-01

    Explores the complex language decisions reflected in the written ethical code of the Dana Corporation, an Ohio manufacturing firm. Suggests that such codes aim to be both inclusive of the readership and reflective of corporate goals. Uses linguistic substitution to highlight some rhetorical decisions that code composers need to negotiate. (SG)

  15. Population dynamics of Acartia pacifica (Copepoda:Calanoida):the importance of benthic-pelagic coupling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Xiaodong; WANG Guizhong; LI Shaojing

    2006-01-01

    The seasonal occurrence of Acartia pacifica (Copepoda: Calanoida) and their resting eggs in the sediment of Xiamen Bay were documented between October 2002 and September 2003. The number of viable eggs in the sediment increased from January to May with the increase in the number of planktonic females. When the population of A. Pacifica disappeared from the water column, the number of eggs in the sediment began to decrease and reached a low value due to lack of input. The peak of nauplii abundance occurred when the hatching potential of eggs from the sediment was high under the natural environment from February to June. The hatching of resting eggs of A. Pacifica was essentially temperature-dependent after suspension, while photoperiod regimes had no significant effect on the hatching. The mean density of subitaneous eggs was 1.122 0 g/cm3 with a standard deviation (SD) of 0.000 2 g/cm3. The mean density of diapause eggs was 1.151 2 g/cm3 with a SD of 0.000 1 g/cm3. The sinking rates of subitaneous eggs ranged from 19.55 to 26.17 m/d, while those of diapause eggs ranged from 30.29 to 31.28 m/d. The comparison of the egg deposition time and egg hatching time suggested that in most cases virtually all subitaneous eggs of A. Pacifica would settle to the bottom before their hatching even though the eggs have high potential to hatch. The evidence was provided that the seasonal dynamics of A. Pacifica is accompanied by benthic-pelagic coupling.

  16. DISTRIBUTION AND POPULATION DYNAMICS OF PARACALANUS PARVUS, PARACALANUS CRASSIROSTRIS, AND ACARTIA BIFILOSA (COPEPODA, CALANOIDA) IN THE BOHAI SEA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王荣; 张鸿雁; 王克; 左涛

    2002-01-01

    Paracalanus parvus, Paracalanus crassirostris, and Acartia bifilosa ar e dominant and widely distributed in the Bohai Sea, and comprise an important part of zooplankton in terms of biomass as well as production rate. In order to understa nd their seasonal distribution and population dynamics, their stage-specific abund ance in different months of the year were analyzed based on the never analyzed yet sa mples collected in 1959. The three species showed clear and remarkable seasonal variat ion in abundance, which maximized in spring and summer, when they formed high biomas s patches or concentrations in the nearshore area. For Paracalanus parvus, two peaks were observed in the annual circle, one in June and the other in September. For Paracalanus crassirostris, one peak occurred in summer and a small one in De cember. The seasonal pattern of Acartia bifilosa was different in different regions. In Bohai Bay it had a two-peak pattern, with the first large peak occurring in May and t he second one in October. In Laizhou Bay, a winter peak in December and January cou ld be observed besides the spring one. The number of generations during the reprodu ctive season for the three species was estimated based on the annual cycle in abundanc e and ambient temperature.

  17. Mineralogy and Chemistry of Coronadite from Middle Cambrian Manganese Deposits at Wadi Dana, Southern Jordan

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Al-Malabeh; Tayel El-Hasan

    2009-01-01

    Coronadite was reported from the upper-most horizons of the Middle Cambrian sediments at two locations in Wadi Dana, central Wadi Araba and Jordan. The unit is composed of dolomite, limestone and shale. Geochemical investigations show appreciable variations in Mn, Pb, Fe, K and Ba contents in the coronadite between the two studied sites. Pb was found to increase downward in both sites in spite of the lateral distance between them. Fe does not vary vertically, but its concentration decreases e...

  18. HUBUNGAN ANTARA PAD DAN DANA PERIMBANGAN DENGAN BELANJA MODAL PEMDA KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subowo -

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan antara pendapatan asli daerah (PAD dan Dana Perimbangan dengan belanja modal dan mendeteksi kontribusi PAD, Dana Perimba-ngan dan Belanja Modal terhadap pemerintah daerah APBD Kudus. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif. Sampel penelitian yang digunakan adalah Laporan Realisasi Anggaran Pemerintah Daerah Kudus mulai tahun 2003 sampai 2008. Variabel gayutnya (Y adalah Belanja Modal (Y1, sedangkan variabel bebas (X dalam penelitian ini adalah PAD (X1 dan Dana Perimbangan (X2. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder yang diambil dengan cara dokumentasi teknis. Penelitian ini menggunakan korelasi produk momen untuk melihat hu-bungan antar variabel-variabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara PAD dan Dana Perimbangan dengan Belanja Modal. The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between PAD and balance fund with Capital expenditure and to detect the contribution of PAD, balance fund and capital expenditure to the APBD of Kudus local government. This research includes quantitative descriptive research. The sample of the research was the Local Government Budget Realization Report of Kudus started from 2003 up to 2008. Here, the dependent variable (Y is Capital Expenditure (Y1, while the independent variable (X in this research is PAD (X1 and the Balance Fund (X2. This research used secondary data taken by applying the technical documentation. This research used correlation product moment to see the relationship between the variables. The result indicates that there are significant relationships between  PAD and balance fund with capital expenditure.

  19. Management of Ontario children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia by the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute protocols.

    OpenAIRE

    Desai, S J; Barr, R D; Andrew, M.; deVeber, L L; Pai, M K

    1989-01-01

    There is ample evidence of the value of intensive therapeutic strategies in the management of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the commonest form of malignant disease in children. Such a program, devised at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI), Boston, and incorporating high-dose L-asparaginase, was adopted in 1984 by the Children's Hospital at Chedoke-McMaster, Hamilton, Ont., and the Children's Hospital of Western Ontario, London. We describe the experience of these institutions in th...

  20. Molecular and microscopic evidence of viruses in marine copepods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Darren S; Ng, Terry Fei Fan; Rosario, Karyna; Barbosa, Jorge G; Greco, Anthony M; Breitbart, Mya; Hewson, Ian

    2013-01-22

    As dominant members of marine mesozooplankton communities, copepods play critical roles in oceanic food webs and biogeochemical cycling. Despite the ecological significance of copepods, little is known regarding the causes of copepod mortality, and up to 35% of total copepod mortality cannot be accounted for by predation alone. Viruses have been established as ecologically important infectious agents in the oceans; however, viral infection has not been investigated in mesozooplankton communities. Here we used molecular and microscopic techniques to document viral infection in natural populations of the calanoid copepods Acartia tonsa (Dana) and Labidocera aestiva (Wheeler) in Tampa Bay, FL. Viral metagenomics revealed previously undocumented viruses in each species, named Acartia tonsa copepod circo-like virus (AtCopCV) and Labidocera aestiva copepod circo-like virus (LaCopCV). LaCopCV was found to be extremely prevalent and abundant in L. aestiva populations, with up to 100% prevalence in some samples and average viral loads of 1.13 × 10(5) copies per individual. LaCopCV transcription was also detected in the majority of L. aestiva individuals, indicating viral activity. AtCopCV was sporadically detected in A. tonsa populations year-round, suggesting temporal variability in viral infection dynamics. Finally, virus-like particles of unknown identity were observed in the connective tissues of A. tonsa and L. aestiva by transmission electron microscopy, demonstrating that viruses were actively proliferating in copepod connective tissue as opposed to infecting gut contents, parasites, or symbionts. Taken together, these results provide strong independent lines of evidence for active viral infection in dominant copepod species, indicating that viruses may significantly influence mesozooplankton ecology.

  1. Molecular and microscopic evidence of viruses in marine copepods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Darren S; Ng, Terry Fei Fan; Rosario, Karyna; Barbosa, Jorge G; Greco, Anthony M; Breitbart, Mya; Hewson, Ian

    2013-01-22

    As dominant members of marine mesozooplankton communities, copepods play critical roles in oceanic food webs and biogeochemical cycling. Despite the ecological significance of copepods, little is known regarding the causes of copepod mortality, and up to 35% of total copepod mortality cannot be accounted for by predation alone. Viruses have been established as ecologically important infectious agents in the oceans; however, viral infection has not been investigated in mesozooplankton communities. Here we used molecular and microscopic techniques to document viral infection in natural populations of the calanoid copepods Acartia tonsa (Dana) and Labidocera aestiva (Wheeler) in Tampa Bay, FL. Viral metagenomics revealed previously undocumented viruses in each species, named Acartia tonsa copepod circo-like virus (AtCopCV) and Labidocera aestiva copepod circo-like virus (LaCopCV). LaCopCV was found to be extremely prevalent and abundant in L. aestiva populations, with up to 100% prevalence in some samples and average viral loads of 1.13 × 10(5) copies per individual. LaCopCV transcription was also detected in the majority of L. aestiva individuals, indicating viral activity. AtCopCV was sporadically detected in A. tonsa populations year-round, suggesting temporal variability in viral infection dynamics. Finally, virus-like particles of unknown identity were observed in the connective tissues of A. tonsa and L. aestiva by transmission electron microscopy, demonstrating that viruses were actively proliferating in copepod connective tissue as opposed to infecting gut contents, parasites, or symbionts. Taken together, these results provide strong independent lines of evidence for active viral infection in dominant copepod species, indicating that viruses may significantly influence mesozooplankton ecology. PMID:23297243

  2. Life cycle and structure of the fish digenean Brachyphallus crenatus (Hemiuridae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Køie, M

    1992-04-01

    Cystophorous cercariae from Retusa obtusa (Montagu) (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia, Retusidae) develop into adults of Brachyphallus crenatus (Rudolphi, 1802) Odhner, 1905 (Hemiuridae). The free-swimming cercariae were ingested by laboratory-reared Acartia tonsa Dana, and the cercarial body was injected into the hemocoel of the copepod. Two-week-old metacercariae held at 15 C were infective to stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus. The cercariae of B. crenatus are very similar to the cercariae of Hemiurus luehei Odhner, 1905, and Lecithocladium excisum (Rudolphi, 1819) Lühe, 1901 (Hemiuridae), which develop in closely related opisthobranch snails. Scanning electron microscopy of metacercariae and adults of B. crenatus revealed the annular plications of most of the external surface to be scalelike. The area surrounding the genital pore and the presomatic pit was densely plicated. PMID:1556648

  3. Mineralogy and Chemistry of Coronadite from Middle Cambrian Manganese Deposits at Wadi Dana, Southern Jordan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Al-Malabeh

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Coronadite was reported from the upper-most horizons of the Middle Cambrian sediments at two locations in Wadi Dana, central Wadi Araba and Jordan. The unit is composed of dolomite, limestone and shale. Geochemical investigations show appreciable variations in Mn, Pb, Fe, K and Ba contents in the coronadite between the two studied sites. Pb was found to increase downward in both sites in spite of the lateral distance between them. Fe does not vary vertically, but its concentration decreases eastward. This can be attributed to the nature and mobilization direction, duration of the process, as well as the mechanism of both Fe and Pb bearing solutions. Mineralogical analysis has revealed the presence of hollandite-coronadite, cryptomelane-coronadite and psilomelane-coronadite in solid solutions. These petrographical and geochemical characteristics of the coronadite-bearing samples indicated that they formed epigenetically.

  4. X-24B with Test Pilot Bill Dana, Following last Powered Flight

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    William H. Dana poses in front of the X-24B after his last powered lifting-body flight on September 23, 1975. In the late 1960s and in the 1970s Dana was a project pilot on the lifting-body program which flew several versions of the wingless vehicles and produced data that helped in development of the Space Shuttles. For his contributions to the lifting body program, Dana received the NASA Exceptional Service Medal. The X-24 was one of a group of lifting bodies flown by the NASA Flight Research Center (now Dryden Flight Research Center), Edwards, California, in a joint program with the U.S. Air Force at Edwards Air Force Base from 1963 to 1975. The lifting bodies were used to demonstrate the ability of pilots to maneuver and safely land wingless vehicles designed to fly back to Earth from space and be landed like an airplane at a predetermined site. Lifting bodies' aerodynamic lift, essential to flight in the atmosphere, was obtained from their shape. The addition of fins and control surfaces allowed the pilots to stabilize and control the vehicles and regulate their flight paths. Built by Martin Aircraft Company, Maryland, for the U.S. Air Force, the X-24A was a bulbous vehicle shaped like a teardrop with three vertical fins at the rear for directional control. It weighed 6,270 pounds, was 24.5 feet long and 11.5 feet wide (measuring just the fuselage, not the distance between the tips of the outboard fins). Its first unpowered glide flight was on April 17, 1969, with Air Force Maj. Jerauld Gentry at the controls. Gentry also piloted its first powered flight on March 19, 1970. The X-24A was flown 28 times in the program that, like the HL-10, validated the concept that a Space Shuttle vehicle could be landed unpowered. The fastest speed achieved by the X-24A was 1,036 miles per hour (mph--Mach 1.6). Its maximum altitude was 71,400 feet. It was powered by an XLR-11 rocket engine with a maximum theoretical vacuum thrust of 8,480 pounds. The X-24A was later modified

  5. Upitne rečenice u današnjem rovinjsko istroromanskom govoru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavao Tekavčić

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available Ovaj je rad dio studija današnjega istroromanskog dijalekta grada Rovinja, idioma na kojem pišu suvremeni rovinjski pisci Giusto Curto, Giovanni Santin, Giovanni i Antonio Pellizzer, u antologiji nagradenih radova pod naslovom lstria Nobilissima. Zbog obimnosti materijala studiraju se samo nezavisne upitne rečenice, na korpusu od 747 primjera. Upitne su rečenice važan dio sintakse rečenice i perioda, odnosno iskaza i teksta, a uz svoju osnovnu funkciju (traženje informacija mogu imati i druge, sekundarne funkcije prvenstveno pragmatičke prirode. Nakon pregleda temeljnih kategorija potrebnih za opis i analizu upitnih rečenica analizira se izbor od 91 primjera (koneksionalne, nuklearne, alternativne, eliptične rečenice, rečenice pitanja »na kvadrat« i »jeke i nadovezivanja«. rečenice stopljene iz dvaju različitih tipova i, na kraju, fosilizirane upitne rečenice k oje u današnjem jeziku funkcioniraju kao pragmatičke formule za izražavanje rezignacije, negacije, strogosti, najave važnih dijelova iskaza itd.. U suvremenoj su rovinjskoj prozi zastupani svi glavni tipovi upitnih rečenica, što s jedne strane dokazuje njihovu važnost u spontanom govoru, a s druge strane svjedoči i o umješnosti autorii koji, pišući na rovinjskom, umiju donijeti na pozornicu (ili pred čitaoca živi i spontani govor svoga kraja.

  6. Dryden Test Pilots 1990 - Smolka, Fullerton, Schneider, Dana, Ishmael, Smith, and McMurtry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    It was a windy afternoon on Rogers Dry Lake as the research pilots of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility gathered for a photo shoot. It was a special day too, the 30th anniversary of the first F-104 flight by research pilot Bill Dana. To celebrate, a fly over of Building 4800, in formation, was made with Bill in a Lockheed F-104 (826), Gordon Fullerton in a Northrop T-38, and Jim Smolka in a McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 (841) on March 23, 1990. The F-18 (841), standing on the NASA ramp is a backdrop for the photo of (Left to Right) James W. (Smoke) Smolka, C. Gordon Fullerton, Edward T. (Ed) Schneider, William H. (Bill) Dana, Stephen D. (Steve) Ishmael, Rogers E. Smith, and Thomas C. (Tom) McMurtry. Smolka joined NASA Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility in September 1985. He has been the project pilot on the F-15 Advanced Control Technology for Integrated Vehicles (ACTIVE) research and F-15 Aeronautical Research Aircraft programs. He has also flown as a pilot on the NASA B-52 launch aircraft, as a co-project pilot on the F-16XL Supersonic Laminar Flow Control aircraft and the F-18 High Angle-of-Attack Research Vehicle (HARV) aircraft. Other aircraft he has flown in research programs are the F-16, F-111, F-104 and the T-38 as support. Fullerton, joined NASA's Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility in November 1986. He was project pilot on the NASA/Convair 990 aircraft to test space shuttle landing gear components, project pilot on the F-18 Systems Research Aircraft, and project pilot on the B-52 launch aircraft, where he was involved in six air launches of the commercially developed Pegasus space launch vehicle. Other assignments include a variety of flight research and support activities in multi-engine and high performance aircraft such as, F-15, F-111, F-14, X-29, MD-11 and DC-8. Schneider arrived at the NASA Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility on July 5, 1982, as a Navy Liaison Officer, becoming a NASA research

  7. Distribution, abundance and vertical migration pattern of krill - Euphausia superba Dana at fishing area 58 of the Indian Ocean sector of Southern Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rathod, V.

    The First Indian Antarctic Krill Expedition (FIKEX) was an attempt to examine and obtain first-hand information pertaining to distribution, abundance and vertical migration pattern of krill –Euphausia superba Dana at fishing area 58 of the Indian...

  8. Grazer-induced chain lenght plasticity reduces grazing risk in a marine diatom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergkvist, Johanna; Thor, Peter; Jakobsen, Hans Henrik;

    2012-01-01

    We show that Skeletonema marinoi suppresses chain formation in response to copepod cues. The presence of three different copepod species (Acartia tonsa, Centropages hamatus, or Temora longicornis) significantly reduced chain length. Furthermore, chain length was significantly reduced when S. mari...

  9. Shear-hosted base metal mineralisation at the Dana Peaks, Murchison Mountains, Fiordland, New Zealand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Darran Suite dioritic, tonalitic and granodioritic plutonic rocks and schistose Loch Burn Formation volcaniclastic rocks in the central Murchison Mountains at the Dana Peaks have been affected by widespread biotite-sericite-chlorite-albite-quartz-pyrite ± carbonate ± epidote/clinozoisite ± titanite/rutile ± actinolite alteration. More intense, paler coloured sericite-albite-quartz-pyrite ± carbonate alteration is concentrated along orange weathered shear zones. Alteration assemblages are transitional between those commonly referred to as propylitic, potassic and phyllic. Altered rocks contain anomalous concentrations of copper, lead, zinc and silver over an area of c. 2.56 km. Metal concentrations 2-5 times those typical of Darran Suite plutonic rocks and the Loch Burn Formation are commonly associated with more extensive weak to moderate intensity alteration. Higher metal grades up to c. 0.5% copper, 1% zinc, 1.3% lead and 30 ppm silver are concentrated in or adjacent to the 1-5 m wide, more intensely altered shear zones which contain entrained lenses of pyritised country rock, breccias and quartz ± K-feldspar ± chlorite ± carbonate ± hematite ± tourmaline veins. Some mineralised rocks also contain traces of tungsten (2-7 ppm), arsenic (<5-35 ppm) and tellurium (0.2-5.4 ppm). Most samples lack detectable molybdenum (<3 ppm), gold (<0.004 ppm) or bismuth (<0.2 ppm), with atypical higher values (40, 0.03 and 50 ppm, respectively) generally restricted to the most intensely altered and/or deformed rocks. The mineralised rocks show a close spatial and temporal relationship with several narrow ductile shear zones that probably developed in the Early Cretaceous between c. 128 and 110 Ma. Mineralised shear zones form minor splays off larger shear zones that are part of a major intra-arc fault system, active along or near the boundary between inboard and outboard parts of the Median Batholith at this time. Traces of similar lead mineralisation are present at the

  10. Idade e crescimento de Callinectes danae e C. ornatus (Crustacea, Decapoda na Baía de Guanabara, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Age and growth of Callinectes danae and C. ornatus (Crustacea, Decapoda in Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina A. Keunecke

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 e C. ornatus Ordway, 1863 constituem uma parcela importante da produção pesqueira na Baía de Guanabara. Ambas espécies compõem uma fração significativa da fauna-acompanhante sendo exaustivamente descartadas pelas pescarias de arrasto de camarões na costa brasileira. As curvas de crescimento de C. danae e C. ornatus foram calculadas por meio da análise de progressão modal. Para estimar os parâmetros biológicos, foi aplicado o modelo de crescimento de Bertalanffy e para estimar a longevidade foi usada a sua fórmula inversa. As curvas de crescimento foram: ♂ LC = 120 (1 - e -0,005t , ♀ LC = 113 (1 - e -0,005t; ♂ LC = 94 (1 - e -0,005t e ♀ LC = 110 (1 - e -0,005t , respectivamente para C. danae e C. ornatus. A longevidade alcançada para as duas espécies foi em torno de 2,5 anos, além de validar as curvas de crescimento. O estudo do crescimento em crustáceos é de extrema importância, pois além de fornecer a informação biológica básica para o grupo, os parâmetros estimados subsidiam o ordenamento e manejo pesqueiro das espécies exploradas.Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 and C. ornatus Ordway, 1863 constitute an important portion from the fishing products at Guanabara Bay. Both species compose a significant by-catch fraction being a lot discarded during shrimp trawlings along Brazilian coast. Growth curves were estimated by modal progression analysis. For the biological parameters it was applied the Bertalanffy growth function and for the age it was used its inverse formula. Growth curves of C. danae and C. ornatus were respectively: ♂ LC = 120 (1 - e -0,005t, ♀ LC = 113 (1 - e -0,005t; ♂ LC = 94 (1 - e -0,005t and ♀ LC = 110 (1 - e -0,005t. The age for both species reached around 2.5 years, besides to confirm growth curves. Growth study in crustaceans is very important, because besides supplying biological information it subsidizes fishery management for exploted species.

  11. An environmental forensic approach for tropical estuaries based on metal bioaccumulation in tissues of Callinectes danae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bordon, Isabella C A C; Sarkis, Jorge E S; Andrade, Nathalia P; Hortellani, Marcos A; Favaro, Deborah I T; Kakazu, Mauricio H; Cotrim, Marycel E B; Lavradas, Raquel T; Moreira, Isabel; Saint'Pierre, Tatiana D; Hauser-Davis, Rachel Ann

    2016-01-01

    The blue crab Callinectes danae is distributed throughout the Atlantic coast and this study aimed to evaluate a environmental forensics approach that could be applied at tropical estuarine systems where this species is distributed, based on the metal concentrations in its tissues. For this purpose, blue crab samples were collected in 9 sites (distributed in 3 areas) along the Santos Estuarine System, state of São Paulo, Brazil. The concentrations of Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn were determined in gills, hepatopancreas and muscle tissues. Sediment samples were collected and analyzed in these same sites. A data distribution pattern was identified during both sampling periods (August and December 2011). In order to validate this model, a new sampling campaign was performed in March 2013 at the Santos Estuarine System and also at Ilha Grande (state of Rio de Janeiro). These data were added to the previous database (composed of the August and December 2011 samples) and a discriminant analysis was applied. The results confirmed an environmental fingerprint for the Santos Estuarine System. PMID:26475048

  12. Juvenile development of Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae under laboratory conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EDUARDO A. BOLLA Jr

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The juvenile development of Callinectes danae was investigated from megalopae obtained in neuston samples at Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil. The individuals were raised in the laboratory under constant temperature (25 ± 1°C, filtered sea water from the collection location (35‰, and natural photoperiod. Newly hatched Artemia sp. nauplii were offered as food on a daily basis and ornamental-fish food was also provided for the juveniles from the 4th stage on. Twelve stages of the juvenile phase were obtained. The main morphological features that allowed recognition of the first juvenile stage were drawn and described. All the subsequent stages obtained were examined and measured, and the main changes in relation to the first stage were recorded. Sexual dimorphism becomes apparent from the fourth juvenile stage onwards. Some appendages and morphological features proved to be of great importance in the identification of species, including the number of segments of the antennal flagellum and the number of setae on the maxilla and on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd maxillipeds. These can probably be used for future comparisons and species identifications.

  13. Impact of a power plant cooling system on copepod and meroplankton survival (Bahía Blanca estuary, Argentina Impacto del sistema de enfriamiento de una central termoeléctrica sobre la supervivencia de copépodos y meroplancton (estuario de Bahía Blanca, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Susana Hoffmeyer

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The impact of a power plant cooling system in the Bahía Blanca estuary (Argentina on the survival of target zooplanktonic organisms (copepods and crustacean larvae and on overall mesozooplankton abundance was evaluated over time. Mortality rates were calculated for juveniles and adults of four key species in the estuary: Acartia tonsa Dana, 1849 and Eurytemora americana Williams, 1906 (native and invading copepods, and larvae of the crab Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851 and the invading cirriped Balanus glandula Darwin, 1854. Mean total mortality values were up to four times higher at the water discharge site than at intake, though for all four species, significant differences were only registered in post-capture mortality. The findings show no evidence of greater larval sensitivity. As expected, the sharpest decrease in overall mesozooplankton abundance was found in areas close to heated water discharge.El impacto del sistema de enfriamiento de una planta termoeléctrica ubicada en el estuario de Bahía Blanca, Argentina, fue evaluado en el tiempo, sobre la supervivencia de especies zooplanctónicas seleccionadas (copépodos y larvas de crustáceos y la abundancia general del meso-zooplancton. Se calcularon tasas de mortalidad de juveniles y adultos de cuatro especies clave en el estuario: Acartia tonsa Dana,1849 y Eurytemora americana Williams,1906 (copépodos nativo e invasor, y larvas del cangrejo Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851 y del cirripedio invasor Balanus glandula Darwin, 1854. Los valores medios hallados de la tasa de mortalidad total, fueron hasta cuatro veces más altos en la descarga que en el agua de entrada al sistema. Sin embargo sólo se registraron diferencias significativas entre estos dos sitios, en los valores de mortalidad post-captura obtenidos para las cuatro especies. Los resultados del estudio no demostraron una mayor sensibilidad larval. Como se esperaba, la disminución más pronunciada en la abundancia general

  14. Importance and nutritional value of large ciliates for the reproduction of Acartia clausi during the post spring-bloom period in the North Sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dutz, Jörg; Peters, J.

    2008-01-01

    enriched with large prey (> 20 mu m). The mineral (C, N) and lipid contents of the food suspensions were determined for size-fractionated samples to characterize the nutritional composition of prey. Large oligotrich ciliates and Strobiliidae dominated the seston biomass. Ciliates, particularly...... (> 97 %) and was particularly important in providing N to copepods. Ciliates were also rich in PUFA and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which is normally characteristic of diatoms. We conclude that large ciliates constitute an excellent food source for the reproduction of A. clausi. The occurrence......Shipboard experiments were performed to examine the qualitative importance of large marine microzooplankton for the reproduction of Acartia clausi in the North Sea. Feeding and egg production were compared in 2 treatments in which females were fed natural seston or natural seston selectively...

  15. Description of a new western Atlantic species of Argeia Dana with a proposed new subfamily for this and related genera (Crustacea Isopoda, Bopyridae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Markham, J.C.

    1977-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Recently, material representing an undescribed species of the genus Argeia Dana in the western Atlantic, the first record of that genus from this ocean, became available to me. The previous records of Argeia are of 4 species in the Pacific, including one whose range extends around the e

  16. Dinâmica da alimentação natural de Callinectes danae Smith (Decapoda, Portunidae na Lagoa da Conceição, Florianôpolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Feeding natural dynamics of Callinectes danae Smith (Decapoda, Portunidae from Lagoa da conceição, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available From March/91 to February/92 monthly collcction surveys were carried out to obtain basic information about the dynamics of feeding and trophic spectrum of C. danae Smith, 1869. A total of 456 males and 527 females were caught. The diet of the species was not sex related. The trophic spectrum of C. danae is composed by a high number of items. The 35 items were assembled in 14 categories and the feeding index was applied. Mollusca, Polychaeta and Crustacea were observed to be basic elements in the species diet, Osteichthyes and MOND appear as secondary resource whereas vegetal material were found to be of less importance.

  17. Oceanographic profile; phosphate, silicate and other measurements collected using bottle and high resolution CTD from the DANA, JAN MAYEN (LAHV) and other platforms in the Coastal N Atlantic, Arctic and other locations from 1995 to 1997 (NODC Accession 0000566)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile, zooplankton, and nutrients data were collected using net and bottle casts from DANA and JAN MAYEN in the North Atlantic Ocean. Data were...

  18. Prevalensi Depresi pada Pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang Mengambil Dana Pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finna Dwi Putri

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPensiun seringkali dianggap sebagai kenyataan yang tidak menyenangkan sehingga menjelang masanya tiba, sebagian orang sudah merasa cemas karena tidak tahu kehidupan seperti apa yang akan dihadapi kelak. Individu yang memiliki kondisi mental yang tidak stabil sering menjadi akar penyebab terjadinya gangguan mental semasa pensiun yaitu depresi. Depresi merupakan salah satu gangguan mood yang ditandai oleh hilangnya perasaan kendali seseorang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui prevalensi depresi pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang mengambil dana pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dan subjek dipilih secara consecutive sampling dengan jumlah 277 orang. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner Beck Depression Inventory dan hasil yang didapatkan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi depresi pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang mengambil dana pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang sebesar 27,8%. Usia terbanyak berada pada kategori usia ≥60 tahun, gejala depresi terbanyak terjadi pada pensiunan laki-laki, prevalensi depresi terbanyak pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil golongan IIIa. Prevalensi terbanyak adalah pensiunan yang menjalani lama pensiun ≤10 tahun.Kata kunci: depresi, pensiun, pegawai negeri sipil AbstractRetirement is often regarded as unpleasant fact that before it’s time comes, most people are worried because they do not know what kind of life to be faced later. Individuals who have an unstable mental condition is often the root causes of mental disorders during retirement i.e depression. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by loss of control of one’s feelings. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression in retired civil servants who take the retirement funds in BTPN Bank branch M. Yamin Padang. This was a descriptive study and subjects were chosen by

  19. Efecto del dinoflagelado tóxico Gymnodinium catenatum sobre el consumo, la producción de huevos y la tasa de eclosión del copépodo Acartia clusi

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Palomares-García; José Bustillos-Guzmán; Band-Schmidt, Christine J.; David López-Corté; Bernd Luckas

    2006-01-01

    En este estudio se analiza la influencia de Gymnodinium catenatum Graham sobre la reproducción del copépodo Acartia clausi Giesbrecht. Se seleccionaron hembras maduras de A. clausi y se alimentaron con una mezcla de fitoplancton natural y G. catenatum en proporciones de 100:0%, 75:25%, 50:50%, 25:75% y 0:100%, respectivamente. Se evaluó el tipo y concentración de toxinas en la cepa de G. catenatum utilizada. No se detectaron efectos adversos ni parálisis de los copépodos alimentados con el di...

  20. Influence of phytoplankton diets on the ingestion rate and egg production of Acartia clausi and A. lilljeborgii (Copepoda: Calanoida from Bahía de La Paz, Gulf of California Influencia de dietas de fitoplancton en la tasa de ingesta y producción de huevos de Acartia clausi y A. lilljeborgii (Copepoda: Calanoida de la Bahía de La Paz, Golfo de California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Johanna Band-Schmidt

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Different phytoplankton diets were tested on Acartia clausi and A. lilljeborgii from Bahía de La Paz to determine their effect on survival, egg production, and ingestion rate. Female copepods were fed diatom strains (Chaetoceros sp., Cylindrotheca closterium, Odontella longicruris, and Dytilum brightwelli, dinoflagellate strains (Scrippsiella sp., Gyrodinium sp., Prorocentrum micans, and P. rhathymum, and one Raphidophyceae (Chattonella sp.. After 24 h of incubation in darkness at 24 °C, survival with various phytoplankton diets was above 91%. Gyrodinium sp. produced the lowest survival in both copepod species (44.5% in A. clausi and 89.6% in A. lilljeborgii. Dinoflagellate diets provided the highest egg production. A. clausi had higher egg production when fed with P. rhathymum, P. micans, Gyrodinium sp., Scrippsiella sp., and Chattonella sp. A. lilljeborgii had a higher egg production with Scrippsiella sp., P. micans, Gyrodinium sp., and Chaetoceros sp. Ingestion rates were higher in both Acartia species with two diatom diets (O. longicruris and Chaetoceros sp., P. rhathymum and Chattonella sp. These results suggest that both Acartia species respond to nutritional quality of phytoplankton in a short time. Higher ingestion rates did not necessarily result in higher egg production, suggesting that the link between ingestion and egg production may be in what is eaten, rather than in how much. The response in egg production seems to be species specific, but in general was higher with dinoflagellate diets, suggesting a higher food quality compared with diatoms (excepting Chaetoceros sp..Se probaron diversas dietas de fitoplancton en Acartia clausi y A. lilljeborgii de la Bahía de La Paz, para determinar su efecto en la supervivencia, producción de huevos y tasa de ingesta. Se alimentaron hembras de copépodos con cepas de diatomeas (Chaetoceros sp., Cylindrotheca closterium, Odontella longicruris y Dytilum brightwelli, de dinoflagelados

  1. Determining the Advantages, Costs, and Trade-Offs of a Novel Sodium Channel Mutation in the Copepod Acartia hudsonica to Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PST.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Finiguerra

    Full Text Available The marine copepod Acartia hudsonica was shown to be adapted to dinoflagellate prey, Alexandrium fundyense, which produce paralytic shellfish toxins (PST. Adaptation to PSTs in other organisms is caused by a mutation in the sodium channel. Recently, a mutation in the sodium channel in A. hudsonica was found. In this study, we rigorously tested for advantages, costs, and trade-offs associated with the mutant isoform of A. hudsonica under toxic and non-toxic conditions. We combined fitness with wild-type: mutant isoform ratio measurements on the same individual copepod to test our hypotheses. All A. hudsonica copepods express both the wild-type and mutant sodium channel isoforms, but in different proportions; some individuals express predominantly mutant (PMI or wild-type isoforms (PWI, while most individuals express relatively equal amounts of each (EI. There was no consistent pattern of improved performance as a function of toxin dose for egg production rate (EPR, ingestion rate (I, and gross growth efficiency (GGE for individuals in the PMI group relative to individuals in the PWI expression group. Neither was there any evidence to indicate a fitness benefit to the mutant isoform at intermediate toxin doses. No clear advantage under toxic conditions was associated with the mutation. Using a mixed-diet approach, there was also no observed relationship between individual wild-type: mutant isoform ratios and among expression groups, on both toxic and non-toxic diets, for eggs produced over three days. Lastly, expression of the mutant isoform did not mitigate the negative effects of the toxin. That is, the reductions in EPR from a toxic to non-toxic diet for copepods were independent of expression groups. Overall, the results did not support our hypotheses; the mutant sodium channel isoform does not appear to be related to adaptation to PST in A. hudsonica. Other potential mechanisms responsible for the adaptation are discussed.

  2. Survival of Mexican Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia under Treatment with the Protocol from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute 00-01

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez-Hernández, Elva; Jaimes-Reyes, Ethel Zulie; Arellano-Galindo, José; García-Jiménez, Xochiketzalli; Tiznado-García, Héctor Manuel; Sánchez-Jara, Berenice; Bekker-Méndez, Vilma Carolina; Ortíz-Torres, María Guadalupe; Ortíz-Fernández, Antonio; Marín-Palomares, Teresa; Mejía-Aranguré, Juan Manuel

    2015-01-01

    Our aim in this paper is to describe the results of treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in Mexican children treated from 2006 to 2010 under the protocol from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) 00-01. The children were younger than 16 years of age and had a diagnosis of ALL de novo. The patients were classified as standard risk if they were 1–9.9 years old and had a leucocyte count 100 × 109/L. The poor outcomes were associated with toxic death during induction, complete remission, and relapse. These factors remain the main obstacles to the success of this treatment in our population. PMID:25922837

  3. Population structure and breeding period of Pachycheles monilifer (Dana (Anomura, Porcellanidae inhabiting sabellariid sand reefs from the littoral coast of São Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adilson Fransozo

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study is to examine the population structure and the breeding period of Pachycheles monilifer (Dana, 1852 inhabiting sabellariid worm reefs in the littoral of São Paulo State coast. The specimens were obtained at 2-month intervals from September/94 to July/95. The study sites were located at the rocky shores of Tenorio and Paranapuã Beaches. Individuals sampled showed a total averaged 4.4 ± 1.4 mm carapace length. Ovigerous females were more frequent in September. Despite clear differences regarding the arrangement of these sabellariid colonies, they are extremely important to the establishment and maintenance of P. monilifer.

  4. Swimming and escape behavior of copepod nauplii: implications for predator-prey interactions among copepods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Titelman, Josefin

    2001-01-01

    This study focuses on how prey behavior may affect predation risk through encounter rates and the escape success of the prey given an encounter. Temora longicornis nauplii require stronger hydrodynamic signals to elicit escape than Acartia tonsa nauplii (critical fluid deformation rates, Delta* o...... behavior of A. tonsa acts predominantly at the post-encounter stage where its sensitivity to hydrodynamic signals (i,e., low Delta*) effectively compensates for the high predator encounter rate generated by its motility....

  5. Effect of alternative mediums on production and proximate composition of the microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri as food in culture of the copepod Acartia sp. Efecto de medios alternativos sobre la producción y composición proximal de la microalga Chaetoceros muelleri como alimento en cultivo del copépodo Acartia sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis R Martínez-Córdova

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri was cultured in three different mediums consisting on an agricultural fertilizer (Agr-F, aquacultural fertilizer (Aq-F and a conventional medium (F/2, control. These microalgae were later used as natural food to culture the copepod Acartia sp. The productive response and chemical proximate composition of microalgae and copepods were monitored. Growth rate and final cell concentration were higher in microalgae cultured in Agr-F compared to the control. In addition, the final biomass and cellular concentration were also the highest in Agr-F. Microalgae from Agr-F and Aq-F had higher carbohydrate and lower protein contents than those in the control. No differences in lipid and ash contents were observed. Regarding copepod production, higher densities and fecundity indexes were observed for those fed with microalgae previously cultured in Agr-F and Aq-F, compared to the control. The adult-nauplii ratio was also higher in copepods fed on microalgae from Agr-F compared to Aq-F and control. Copepods fed on Agr-F and Aq-F microalgae, had higher protein content compared to those fed on control microalgae; carbohydrates were higher in copepods fed on Agr-F as compared to Aq-F microalgae. No differences in lipid and ash contents were registered. Agr-F and Aq-F were adequate alternative mediums to produce C. muelleri, which produced higher quality microalgae that increased the copepod production.La microalga Chaetoceros muelleri fue cultivada en tres medios diferentes basados en un fertilizante agrícola (Agr-F, un fertilizante acuícola (Aq-F y un medio convencional (F/2, control. Éstas microalgas fueron posteriormente utilizadas como alimento natural para cultivar el copépodo Acartia sp. La respuesta productiva y la composición proximal de las microalgas y copépodos fueron monitoreadas. La tasa de crecimiento y concentración final de células fueron mayores en la microalga cultivada en Agr-F, comparada con el control

  6. Biti pastir mladih danas

    OpenAIRE

    Attard, Fabio

    2009-01-01

    Autor razmišlja kao odgajatelj koji, slijedeći svoga učitelja don Bosca, u središte stavlja odgajanika kao osobu u potrazi za smislom. Svjestan da je čovjek Božje stvorenje koje Bog ljubi, autor slijedi don Boscovu metodu i želi biti blizu mladima. To znači potaknuti u njima volju za rastom, s odvažnošću gledati prema gore i život doživljavati kao dar. Stoga pastir mladih koji odgovara na Kristov poziv i djeluje po don Boscovoj metodi, nastoji slušati pripovijedanje mladih i njihove povijesti...

  7. Redescription of Oulactis concinnata (Drayton in Dana, 1846) (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniidae), an actiniid sea anemone from Chile and Perú with special fighting tentacles; with a preliminary revision of the genera with a “frond-like” marginal ruff

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Häussermann, V.

    2003-01-01

    Two species of sea anemones with a conspicuous marginal ruff of frond-like structures encompassing the tentacular crown occur on the Chilean coast. Oulactis concinnata (= Isoulactis chilensis) (Drayton in Dana, 1846) is re-described in detail and further information is provided for Oulactis coliumen

  8. Survival of Mexican Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia under Treatment with the Protocol from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute 00-01

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elva Jiménez-Hernández

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Our aim in this paper is to describe the results of treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL in Mexican children treated from 2006 to 2010 under the protocol from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI 00-01. The children were younger than 16 years of age and had a diagnosis of ALL de novo. The patients were classified as standard risk if they were 1–9.9 years old and had a leucocyte count 100 × 109/L. The poor outcomes were associated with toxic death during induction, complete remission, and relapse. These factors remain the main obstacles to the success of this treatment in our population.

  9. Hydrodynamics and energetics of jumping copepod nauplii and copepodids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadhwa, Navish; Andersen, Anders Peter; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    , we measured the swimming kinematics and fluid flow around jumping Acartia tonsa at different stages of its life cycle, using particle image velocimetry and particle tracking velocimetry. We found that the flow structures around nauplii and copepodids are topologically different, with one and two...

  10. Fight and flight in dinoflagellates?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Selander, Erik; Fagerberg, Tony; Wohlrab, Sylke;

    2012-01-01

    We monitored the kinetics of grazer-induced responses in the marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense. Chemical cues from each of three calanoid copepods (Calanus sp., Centropages typicus, and Acartia tonsa) induced increased toxicity and suppressed chain formation in A. tamarense. Both chemic...

  11. Copepod recruitment and food composition : Do diatoms affect hatching success?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1996-01-01

    Laboratory experiments were conducted to differentiate between factors controlling the hatching success of copepod eggs. Factors that could affect viability of eggs; viz food quality, female condition and external factors were investigated. In a series of experiments the copepod Acartia tonsa Dan...

  12. Marine microalgae attack and feed on metazoans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berge, Terje; Poulsen, Louise K.; Moldrup, Morten;

    2012-01-01

    and Karlodinium veneficum have caused fast paralysis and mortality of finfish and copepods in the laboratory, and have been associated with reduced metazooplankton biomass in-situ. Here we show that a strain of K. armiger (K-0688) immobilises the common marine copepod Acartia tonsa in a densitydependent manner...... in causing mortalities at several trophic levels in the marine food web...

  13. Biological processes in the North Sea: vertical distribution and reproduction of neritic copepods in relation to environmental factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koski, Marja; Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Bagøien, Espen

    2011-01-01

    Sea. We observed a higher egg production of cultured Acartia tonsa when fed with the seston from chlorophyll maximum, but no evidence of a higher copepod abundance in this layer. Secondary production was highest at the station closest to the upwelling of new nutrients, although seasonal differences in...

  14. Review of the fish-parasitic genus Ceratothoa Dana, 1852 (Crustacea: Isopoda: Cymothoidae) from Australia, with description of two new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Melissa B; Bruce, Niel L; Nowak, Barbara F

    2015-01-01

    The genus Ceratothoa Dana, 1852, is revised for Australian waters. Ceratothoa is represented in Australia by nine species, including two new species: Ceratothoa barracuda sp. nov. described from Cairns and Ceratothoa globulus sp. nov. described from Lord Howe Island. Ceratothoa imbricata Fabricius, 1775 is redescribed, with Ceratothoa trillesi (Avdeev, 1979) and Ceratothoa huttoni Filhol, 1885 placed into junior synonymy; the preferred hosts are species of the genus Trachurus (Carangidae). Ceratothoa banksii (Leach, 1818) is validated and brought out of synonymy with Ceratothoa imbricata; host species are from the families Kyphosidae, Scombridae, Latridae, Carangidae, Mugilidae, Salmonidae, Scatophagidae, Pomatomidae and Hemiramphidae. Species excluded from the Australian fauna are Ceratothoa trigonocephala (Leach, 1818) with an unknown host identity and type locality; and Ceratothoa lineata Miers, 1876a, that here is transferred to the genus Mothocya Costa, 1851, with Mothocya ihi Bruce, 1986 placed into junior synonymy. Ceratothoa contracta (Miers, 1880), the New Zealand Ceratothoa novaezelandiae Filhol, 1885 and the East Pacific Ceratothoa gaudichaudii (Milne Edwards, 1840) are regarded here as species inquirenda. A key to the Australian species of Ceratothoa is presented.

  15. ANALISIS PENYALURAN DANA BANK SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siswati

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the characteristics of Third Party Funds (TPF, Non-Performing Financing (NPF, Bank Indonesia Certificates Wadiah (SWBI, and funds Islamic Bank Mega Indonesia. Moreover to analyze the influence of DPK, NPF, and the bonus SWBI simultaneously or partially on the distribution of funds provided by the Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. The sample in this study is the monthly financial report of Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia in 2005-2007. The results of this research showed that DPK, NPF, and Bonus SWBI simultaneous effect on the distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 99.2% and the remaining 0.8% influenced by other factors that are not revealed in this study. DPK is partially positive and significant effect on the distribution of funds Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 98.65%, while the NPF and Bonus SWBI insignificant effect on the partial distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia.

  16. O ‘piscima između’: od Ive Andrića do današnjih pisaca stiješnjenih između dva (ili više) jezika i kultura

    OpenAIRE

    Škvorc, Boris; Lujanović, Nebojša

    2010-01-01

    Ovaj rad predstavlja pokušaj da se nasljeđe Ive Andrića i njegova ‘pozicioniranja između“ promotri u odnosu na pisce koji danas pišu ‘između kultura i između jezika’. Otvarajući se interkulturalnosti i dvostrukom identitetu, pisci bosanskog podrijetla koje je iz vlastita prostora ‘izvlastio’ rat u Bosni i Hercegovini, postali su pisci interkulturalna naboja koje je teško bez rezerve svrstati u određeni (samo jedan) niz nacionalne književnosti i pripadnosti određenom povijesno zadanom generičk...

  17. 斑马鱼发育过程中DANA相关基因的定量分析%Quantitative Analysis of Expressions of DANA Related Genes during Development of Zebrafish

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩亚伟; 汤永涛; 陈利平; 左婷婷

    2013-01-01

    DANA is a family of short interspersed nuclear elements,which widely exists in zebrafish genome. The relative expressions of DANA related genes, mulla and er-Gicp2 ,were detected in zebrafish ontogenesis by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The results showed that the relative expression of mulla had no obvious difference from 1 cell stage to 1 000 cell stage,but obviously down-regulated from sphere stage and reached the lowest at shield stage,only about 0. 009 times as that of 1 cell stage. The relative expression of er-Gicp2 gene is persistently down-regulated from 1 cell stage to adult,and the relative expression of adult was only 0. 023 times as that of 1 cell stage.%DANA是广泛分布于斑马鱼基因组中的一个短散在核重复序列家族,通过实时荧光定量PCR相对定量方法,检测与DANA相关基因mul1a、er-Gicp2在斑马鱼整个个体发育过程中的相对表达量.结果显示:mul1a基因在1细胞期到1 000细胞期,即早期卵裂期内表达量差异不明显,从sphere时期到成体时期,其表达量显著性下调,并在shield时期降到最小值,为1细胞时期的0.009倍;er-Gicp2基因从2细胞到成体时期持续下调,到成体时期其表达量只有1细胞时期的0.023倍.

  18. Estrutura populacional de Hyale media (Dana (Amphipoda, Gammaridea, Hyalidae, habitante dos fitais de Caiobá, Matinhos, Paraná, Brasil Population structure of the seaweed dweller Hyale media (Dana (Amphipoda, Gammaridea, Hyalidae from Caiobá, Matinhos, Paraná, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janete Dubiaski-Silva

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A study of correlation between the total body length and the somites length was carried out in a population of Hyale media (Dana, 1857, in order to know which somite or group of somites has the highest correlation index with the total body length. As the sum of the length of the first to fourth pereonites showed the highest linear correlation index (Y=0.0764+0.2736X; r=0.9723, this meristic parameter was chosen to describe the population structure of the species. The following aspects were treated: distribution of the body size classes in the various phytals, population composition, seasonal fluctuation of population density. relative frequency of the ovigerous females and correlation between the body length and the number of eggs inside the marsupium of the ovigerous females. The amphipods were obtained from the seasonal collections of six phytals from a rocky seashore of Caiobá, Paraná State: Pterosiphonia pennata (Roth Falkenberg. Gymrogongrus griffithsiae (Turner Martius, Pterocladia capillacea (Gmelin Bornet & Thured, Sargassum cymosum Garth, Gelidium sp and Ulva fasciata Delile; they did not occurred in Padina gymnospora (Kútsing Vickers and Porphyra atropurpurea (Olivi De Toni. The air temperature oscillated from 16ºC (winter and autumn to 23ºC (summer, the surface water temperature from 17ºC (winter to 25ºC (summer and the surface water salinity, from 29.3‰ (autumn to 32.8‰ (winter. The density oi Hyale media varied from 0.20 ind.g-1 (in Ulva to 26.37 ind.g-1 (in Pterosiphonia of alga-substratum weigth, and the population was distributed mainly in branched algae. It was determined three size classes in the population, within a range from 0.01 to 2.99mm of pereonits 1-4 length. Small amphipods prefer finely branched algae like Gymnogongrusand Pterosiphonia, whereas broad-thallii or less branched algae such as Sargassum, Pterocladia, Gelidium and Ulva harbour proporcionally high number of large individuais. The life cycle of

  19. Host-specific and pH-dependent microbiomes of copepods in an extensive rearing system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovgaard, Alf; Castro Mejia, Josue Leonardo; Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg;

    2015-01-01

    gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis, a clear difference was found between the microbiomes of the two copepod species, Acartia tonsa and Centropages hamatus, present in the system. This pattern was corroborated through 454/FLX-based 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of copepod microbiomes, which...... furthermore showed that the abiotic parameters pH and oxygen concentration in rearing tank water were the key factors influencing composition of copepod microbiomes....

  20. Development of copepod nauplii to copepodites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Henrik Rasmus; Wollenberger, Leah; Halling-Sørensen, Bent;

    2001-01-01

    Test compounds including natural hormones, endocrine disrupters, environmentally occurring compounds, and reference compounds were tested for acute toxicity and inhibitory effect on larval development in the copepod Acartia tonsa. Three compounds, 17a-ethinylestradiol, p-octylphenol, and tamoxifen......, known for their differing effects on the vertebrate estrogen system, were potent inhibitors of naupliar development. Other estrogens, 17b-estradiol, estrone, and bisphenol A, had little potency. Testosterone and progesterone did not inhibit development, but the antiandrogen flutamide had inhibitory...

  1. Ecotoxicity and genotoxicity of cadmium in different marine trophic levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlaki, Maria D; Araújo, Mário J; Cardoso, Diogo N; Silva, Ana Rita R; Cruz, Andreia; Mendo, Sónia; Soares, Amadeu M V M; Calado, Ricardo; Loureiro, Susana

    2016-08-01

    Cadmium ecotoxicity and genotoxicity was assessed in three representative species of different trophic levels of marine ecosystems - the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa, the decapod shrimp, Palaemon varians and the pleuronectiform fish Solea senegalensis. Ecotoxicity endpoints assessed in this study were adult survival, hatching success and larval development ratio (LDR) for A. tonsa, survival of the first larval stage (zoea I) and post-larvae of P. varians, egg and larvae survival, as well as the presence of malformations in the larval stage of S. senegalensis. In vivo genotoxicity was assessed on adult A. tonsa, the larval and postlarval stage of P. varians and newly hatched larvae of S. senegalensis using the comet assay. Results showed that the highest sensitivity to cadmium is displayed by A. tonsa, with the most sensitive endpoint being the LDR of nauplii to copepodites. Sole eggs displayed the highest tolerance to cadmium compared to the other endpoints evaluated for all tested species. Recorded cadmium toxicity was (by increasing order): S. senegalensis eggs < P. varians post-larvae < P. varians zoea I < S. senegalensis larvae < A. tonsa eggs < A. tonsa LDR. DNA damage to all species exposed to cadmium increased with increasing concentrations. Overall, understanding cadmium chemical speciation is paramount to reliably evaluate the effects of this metal in marine ecosystems. Cadmium is genotoxic to all three species tested and therefore may differentially impact individuals and populations of marine taxa. As A. tonsa was the most sensitive species and occupies a lower trophic level, it is likely that cadmium contamination may trigger bottom-up cascading effects in marine trophic interactions. PMID:27203468

  2. DANAE: simulador de propiedades fisicoquímicas como una combinación entre la racionalización más pura y profunda y la medición experimental más tactual y empirica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Bogoya Maldonado

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este articulo pretende ilustrar una combinación entre la razón y la experiencia para estimar propiedades fisicoquímicas, útiles para el cálculo de balances de materia y energia, de uso frecuente en ingenleria quimica. Igualmente, presenta el sistema DANAE, desarrollado para calcular interactivamente por microcomputador seis propiedades de compuestos puros y cinco de mezclas (hasta de quince componentes, basado en un banco de datos (de tamaño 250 KB Y dos programas principales (de tamaño 80 KB.

  3. Comparison of three marine screening tests and four Oslo and Paris Commission procedures to evaluate toxicity of offshore chemicals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weideborg, M.; Vik, E.A.; Oefjord, G.D.; Kjoennoe, O. [Aquateam-Norwegian Water Technology Centre A/S, Oslo (Norway)

    1997-02-01

    The results from the screening toxicity tests Artemia salina, Microtox{reg_sign}, and Mitochondria RET test were compared with those obtained from OSPAR (Oslo and Paris Commissions)-authorized procedures for testing of offshore chemicals (Skeletonema costatum, Acartia tonsa, Abra alba, and Corophium volutator). In this study 82 test substances (26 non-water soluble) were included. The Microtox test was found to be the most sensitive of the three screening tests. Microtox and Mitochondria RET test results showed good correlation with results from Acartia and Skeletonema testing, and it was concluded that the Microtox test was a suitable screening test as a base for assessment of further testing, especially regarding water-soluble chemicals. Sensitivity of Artemia salina to the tested chemicals was too low for it to be an appropriate bioassay organism for screening testing. A very good correlation was found between the results obtained with the Skeletonema and Acartia tests. The results indicated no need for more than one of the Skeletonema or Acartia tests if the Skeletonema median effective concentration or Acartia median lethal concentration was greater than 200 mg/L. The sediment-reworker tests (A. Alba or C. volutator) for chemicals that are likely to end up in the sediments (non-water soluble or surfactants) should be performed, independent of results from screening tests and other OSPAR species.

  4. AB'de Sığır ve Dana Eti Ortak Piyasa Düzeni ve Türkiye Açısından Bir Değerlendirme / Common Market Organization as Beef and Veal in European Union and an Evaluation from the Point of View of Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Aksoy, Adem

    2011-01-01

    ÖZET: AB’de ticareti yapılan ürünlerin tamamına yakını Ortak Tarım Politikası uygulama araçlarından birisi olan Ortak PiyasaDüzenine göre yapılmaktadır. Ortak Piyasa Düzenine dahil olan 22 adet ürün bulunmaktadır. Bu ürünlerden biriside sığır ve danaeti ortak piyasa düzenidir. Türkiye’nin AB’ne uyum kapsamı içinde sığır ve dana eti ortak piyasa düzenlemesine uyum sağlamasıgerekmektedir. Bu ç...

  5. Acute toxicity of eight oil spill response chemicals to temperate, boreal, and Arctic species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Bjørn Henrik; Altin, Dag; Bonaunet, Kristin; Overjordet, Ida Beathe

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the acute toxicity of selected shoreline washing agents (SWA) and dispersants, and (2) assess interspecies differences in sensitivity to the products. Eight shoreline washing agents (Hela saneringsvæske, Bios, Bioversal, Absorrep K212, and Corexit 9580) and chemical dispersants (Corexit 9500, Dasic NS, and Gamlen OD4000) were tested on five marine species, algae Skeletonema costatum, planktonic copepod species Acartia tonsa (temperate species), Calanus finmarchicus (boreal species) and Calanus glacialis (Arctic species), and benthic amphipod Corophium volutator. For most products, A. tonsa was the most sensitive species, whereas C. volutator was the least sensitive; however, these species were exposed through different media (water/sediment). In general, all copepod species displayed a relatively similar sensitivity to all products. However, A. tonsa was somewhat more sensitive than other copepods to most of the tested products. Thus, A. tonsa appears to be a candidate species for boreal and Arctic copepods for acute toxicity testing, and data generated on this species may be used as to provide conservative estimates. The benthic species (C. volutator) had a different sensitivity pattern relative to pelagic species, displaying higher sensitivity to solvent-based SWA than to water-based SWA. Comparing product toxicity, the dispersants were in general most toxic while the solvent-based SWA were least toxic to pelagic species. PMID:24754387

  6. Nutritional quality of two cyanobacteria : How rich is 'poor' food?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, K.; Jonasdottir, Sigrun

    1997-01-01

    Cyanobacteria have often been described to be nutritionally inadequate and to interfere with zooplankton feeding. In laboratory experiments we offered 2 cyanobacteria, a unicellular Microcystis aeruginosa strain and the filamentous Nodularia sprumigena, to the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa......-specific food experiments may give a false impression of the nutritional quality of phytoplankton species. Cyanobacteria, which when fed alone prove to be poor food, may supplement the diet of A. tonsa...... as the sole diet and in food mixtures with the nutritious diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii. Egg production was used as criterion of food quality. The use of cyanobacteria alone was an insufficient diet. However, with increasing additions of M. aeruginosa and N. spumigena to the diatom, different effects were...

  7. Características del Hábitat del desarrollo larval

    OpenAIRE

    Sergio Hernández Trujillo

    1995-01-01

    Three bathylagid smelt species were identified: Bathylugus ochotensis Schmidt 1938, Bathylugus wesethi Bolin 1938 and Leuroglossus stilbius Gilbert 1890. A structure analysis of the copepod community was also carried out at the sampling stations and 55 species of copepods were identifíed. The copepod species Calanus pactjicus Brodsky 1948, Acartia danae Giesbrecht 1889 and Labidocera trispinosa Esterly 1905 were dominant where B. ochotensis was found. The dominant copepod species where B. wes...

  8. Whole Effluent Assessment of urban discharges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lützhøft, Hans-Christian Holten; Qualmann, Signe; Kusk, Kresten Ole;

    2011-01-01

    The European Water Framework Directive and the Environmental Quality Standards Directive lay down a framework for maintaining or obtaining good ecological and chemical status of European surface and coastal water bodies by the year 2015. The aim of this work was through Whole Effluent Assessment...... (WEA) to identify problematic urban discharges, e.g. stormwater, municipal wastewater, combined sewer overflow (CSO), industrial wastewater. Samples from around Copenhagen were therefore tested in the Larval Development Ratio (LDR) test using the marine crustacean Acartia tonsa. The number of non...

  9. Fitness costs and benefits of ultraviolet radiation exposure in marine pelagic copepods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hylander, Samuel; Grenvald, Julie Cornelius; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    of ultraviolet radiation (UVR), but it is not well known how this affects their fitness. We followed cohorts of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa and assessed how fitness was affected by UVR exposure and a diet rich in UVR-protective sunscreens. Several fitness components including somatic growth, egg quality...... fitness costs and food source. If copepods were fed a diet rich in UVR-screening MAAs, they were able to maintain and even increase their fitness even though they were exposed to otherwise detrimental radiation. Levels of UVR-protective carotenoids were low in the studied species and a meta...

  10. Distribution and mortality of diapause eggs from calanoid copepods in relation to sedimentation regimes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sichlau, Mie Hylstofte; Hansen, Jørgen L.S.; Andersen, Thorbjørn J.;

    2011-01-01

    Distribution, abundance and age of diapause eggs from three species of calanoid copepods (in particular from Acartia spp. most likely Acartia tonsa, and Centropages hamatus and less numerous from Temora longicornis) were recorded in sediment profiles by enumerating hatched nauplii from incubated...... sediment samples. Phytoplankton pigments and 210Pb and 137Cs analyses indicated that the sedimentation regimes were different between two southern and two northern stations of the island Funen, Denmark. Significant variations in vertical distribution, abundance and mortality of diapause eggs were found...... between the stations. Dating of the sediment cores suggested a ~70-year maximum age of viable eggs on the northernmost stations, and ~28 year at the southernmost stations. The eggs exhibited a significantly higher mortality rate at the southernmost stations compared with the northernmost, 0.35–0.53 year−1...

  11. Fatwa tentang Pembiayaan Pengurusan Dana Haji dan Status Dana Calon Haji Daftar Tunggu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaih Mubarok

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available There are different fatwa between DSN-MUI and council Hisbah Persis relating to financing Hajj arrangements and the status of waiting list Hajj candidates. However, in substance, the DSN MUI fatwa and is not in contradiction with the Council Hisbah Persis because both fatwas forbid bailout that ta'alluq between qardh with ujrah. To reach istitha'ah fi ada' al-hajj, a person is prohibited to invade other parties that is istitha'ah, MUI fatwa requires that recipients must pay off the fund before the hajj realized. BPIH funds is belong to depositors and is placed at Islamic banks in form of saving or deposit belonging to depositor.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v5i1.2107

  12. Copepod Behavior in ``Cryptic Blooms'' of Toxic Algae

    Science.gov (United States)

    True, A. C.; Webster, D. R.; Weissburg, M. J.; Yen, J.

    2014-11-01

    Copepods,Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis, were exposed to thin layers of exudates from the toxic dinoflagellate Karenia brevis (1 - 10,000 cells/mL) (i.e. models of ``cryptic blooms'' of toxic phytoplankton). Planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) was used to quantify the spatiotemporal structure of the layer allowing for correlation of behavioral responses with toxin levels. Both species explicitly avoided the exudate layer and the vicinity of the layer. Measures of path kinematics (swimming speed, turn frequency) by location (in-layer vs. out-of-layer) and exposure (pre-contact vs. post-contact) revealed some similarities, but also significant differences, in trends for each species. A. tonsa significantly increases swimming speed and swimming speed variability in the exudate layer and post-contact, whereas T. longicornis slightly increases both in-layer and slightly reduces both post-contact. Both species increase turn frequency in-layer and post-contact with increasing K. brevis exudate concentration. Path fracticality indicates that A. tonsatrajectories became more diffuse/sinuous and T. longicornis trajectories became more linear/ballistic (trending effects). Regression analyses revealed that the rate of change of behavior with increasing exudate concentration for A. tonsa was thrice to fifty times that of T. longicornis. Toxic K. brevis can essentially eliminate top-down grazer control ,another sinister means by which it gains a competitive advantage over the local phytoplankton taxa.

  13. Pengaruh Dana Bagi Hasil Pajak, Dana Bagi Hasil Bukan Pajak, Dan Dana Alokasi Umum Terhadap Pengalokasian Anggaran Belanja Modal Pada Pemerintahan Kabupaten/Kota Di Provinsi Sumatera Selatan

    OpenAIRE

    Junita, Ester

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to determine whether Tax Product Shared Fund, Nature Resources Product Shared Fund, and General Allocation Fund to The Capital Expenditures Budget Allocation at Districts or Cities Administration Of South Sumatera either simultaneously or partially. The population of this research is the districts or cities administration of South Sumatra which published the Budget Report and Budget Realization Report on 2009-2012. Samples were taken by using purposive sampling...

  14. Prirodne znanosti i religija danas - prilog promišljanju

    OpenAIRE

    Balabanić, Josip

    2006-01-01

    U ovome se članku raspravlja o odnosu prirodoslovlja i religije u novome vijeku te postavlja pitanje njihova odnosa u postmoderno doba. Polazeći od činjenice da su, pojavom novovjekovne prirodne znanosti i sekularizma u humanističkim znanostima, nastale »dvije kulture« unutar kojih je religija najčešće bila predmet sukobljavanja, autor se zalaže za izgradnju odnosa komplementarnosti. Pokazuje kako je pripadnicima »obiju kultura«, prirodoslovcima i pripadnicima humanističkih znanosti, među koj...

  15. Feeding habits of Hyale media (Dana, 1853 (Crustacea-Amphipoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Airton Santo Tararam

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Feeding of males and females of the Gammaridea Hyate media at mature and immature stages were tested in laboratory experiments. Macro and microscopic algae as well as dead or alive animals were utilized as food. This gammarid is omnivorous, feeding by predation, scavenging, browsing and scraping. Feeding behaviour was discontinuous. Padina vickersiae was more utilized in winter and Ulva fasciata in summer. The feeding activity of all the animals showed great variability in relation to the type of food. Higher temperatures probably account for the higher consumption observed in summer.

  16. Efektivitas Pengaruh Besaran Biaya Promosi Dalam Penghimpunan Dana Pihak Ketiga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puji Lestari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Effectiveness The Promotion Cost in Fundrasing the Third Party FundsPromotion is one important variable in marketing mix to promote the services. The promotion activities is not just as the communication tools between company and consumers, but also as the tools to influence the purchase behavior from the consumer to but the services that offered by the company. This things has done by the promotion tools. DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v1i2.2461

  17. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Functional Annotation of Cancer Genomes Principal Investigator: William C. Hahn, M.D., Ph.D. The comprehensive characterization of cancer genomes has and will continue to provide an increasingly complete catalog of genetic alterations in specific cancers. However, most epithelial cancers harbor hundreds of genetic alterations as a consequence of genomic instability. Therefore, the functional consequences of the majority of mutations remain unclear.

  18. Estudio anual del zooplancton: composición, abundancia, biomasa e hidrología del norte de Quintana Roo, mar Caribe de México Annual study of zooplankton: composition, abundance, biomass and hydrology from the north of Quintana Roo, Mexican Caribbean Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José N Álvarez-Cadena

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Se llevaron a cabo muestreos de zooplancton en la zona lagunar y costera del Caribe mexicano, desde Puerto Morelos hasta Cancún. Las recolectas se llevaron a cabo de enero a diciembre de 2004 en 12 localidades. Se identificaron 41 grupos del zooplancton donde los copépodos fueron los más abundantes (61% seguidos de las larvas de equinodermos (17% y decápodos (5%. El copépodo Acartia tonsa fue la especie más abundante de este grupo en el Sistema Lagunar Nichupté (SLN. En la zona marina adyacente los copépodos estuvieron representados en orden de importancia por Acartia spinata, Pseudocalanus sp. y Calanopia americana. En todas las estaciones se capturaron equinodermos del tipo equinopluteus-ofiopluteus, pero con mayor abundancia en el SLN. El quetognato Ferosagitta hispida fue la única especie que se encontró en el SLN, donde fue más abundante. Los decápodos estuvieron representados principalmente por larvas zoeas; las larvas de peces por 54 familias, de las cuales los góbidos de los géneros Ctenogobius sp., Gobionellus sp. y Gobiosoma sp. fueron los mejor representados, particularmente para el SLN. La biomasa fue mayor en el SLN.Zooplankton sampling was carried out in the northern coast of the Mexican Caribbean Sea, from Puerto Morelos to Cancun. Captures were made with a conic net 0.4m diameter, 1.40m length and 0.330 mm mesh from January to December 2004 at twelve locations. A total of 41 zooplankton groups were identified. Copepods were the most abundant taxa making up 61%, followed by echinoderms (17% and decapods (5%. Acartia tonsa at the Nichupte Lagoon System (SLN over numbered the copepod fauna and occasionally the whole zooplankton population. Along the coast Acartia spinata, Pseudocalanus sp, and Calanopia americana were the most important copepods. Echinoderms larvae such as echinopluteus-ophiopluteus were present at all sampled stations but were more abundant at the NLS. For chaetognaths, Ferosagitta hispida dominated

  19. Influence of UVB radiation on the lethal and sublethal toxicity of dispersed crude oil to planktonic copepod nauplii

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Harvey, Tracy E.; Connelly, Tara L;

    2016-01-01

    Toxic effects of petroleum to marine zooplankton have been generally investigated using dissolved petroleum hydrocarbons and in the absence of sunlight. In this study, we determined the influence of natural ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation on the lethal and sublethal toxicity of dispersed crude oil...... to naupliar stages of the planktonic copepods Acartia tonsa, Temora turbinata and Pseudodiaptomus pelagicus. Low concentrations of dispersed crude oil (1 μL L(-1)) caused a significant reduction in survival, growth and swimming activity of copepod nauplii after 48 h of exposure. UVB radiation increased...... toxicity of dispersed crude oil by 1.3-3.8 times, depending on the experiment and measured variables. Ingestion of crude oil droplets may increase photoenhanced toxicity of crude oil to copepod nauplii by enhancing photosensitization. Photoenhanced sublethal toxicity was significantly higher when T...

  20. How much crude oil can zooplankton ingest? Estimating the quantity of dispersed crude oil defecated by planktonic copepods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Connelly, Tara L.; Buskey, Edward J.

    2016-01-01

    We investigated and quantified defecation rates of crude oil by 3 species of marine planktonic copepods (Temora turbinata, Acartia tonsa, and Parvocalanus crassirostris) and a natural copepod assemblage after exposure to mechanically or chemically dispersed crude oil. Between 88 and 100......% of the analyzed fecal pellets from three species of copepods and a natural copepod assemblage exposed for 48 h to physically or chemically dispersed light crude oil contained crude oil droplets. Crude oil droplets inside fecal pellets were smaller (median diameter: 2.4-3.5 mu m) than droplets in the physically...... and chemically dispersed oil emulsions (median diameter: 6.6 and 8.0 mu m, respectively). This suggests that copepods can reject large crude oil droplets or that crude oil droplets are broken into smaller oil droplets before or during ingestion. Depending on the species and experimental treatments, crude oil...

  1. Zooplankton Hydrodynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadhwa, Navish

    , and offspring size for all pelagic marine life, from bacteria to whales. We also reviewed and developed theoretical arguments for the observed scaling laws and for the characteristic sizes at which transitions from one strategy to another take place. Based on our findings, we divided life in the ocean...... flow disturbances that may attract predators. The first part of this thesis attempts to quantify the trade-offs associated with the swimming behaviour of diverse zooplankton. We measured the swimming kinematics and flow fields around the 'jumping' copepod Acartia tonsa at various stages of its life...... was not explained by the three point force model. We speculate that this is due to inertial effects in the flow, which seem to play an important role in the swimming of larger zooplankton. We also developed a simple model to mimic the dynamics of periodic swimming, which showed that non-linear drag terms are needed...

  2. Production, hatching success and surface ornamentation of eggs of calanoid copepods during a winter at 57°N

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume; Møbjerg Kristensen, Reinhardt;

    2010-01-01

    Close to 50 species of marine Calanoid copepods have been reported to produce diapause eggs (Engel and Hirche in J Plankton Res 26:1083-1093, 2004); eggs that are viable but require a refractory phase before they hatch, sometimes after months. Diapause eggs are often described as morphologically...... different with respect to egg membrane ultrastructure and having a thicker egg shell with surface ornamentation as opposed to the smooth shell found in subitaneous eggs that hatch within days (Belmonte in J Mar Syst 15:35-39, 1998; Chen and Marcus in Mar Biol 127:587-597, 1997; Castro......-Longoria in Crustaceana 74:225-236, 2001). Egg production rates, egg surface ornamentation, and hatching success were monitored in large aquaculture fish enclosures during winter with close to zero water temperatures (N57°). Surprisingly, all female copepods (Acartia spp.-presumably A. tonsa, and Centropages hamatus...

  3. Towards an internationally harmonized test method for reproductive and developmental effects of endocrine disrupters in marine copepods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kusk, Kresten Ole; Wollenberger, Leah

    2007-01-01

    with marine copepods (Acartia tonsa, Nitocra spinipes, Tisbe battagliai, and Amphiascus tenuiremis). The present paper gives an overview on the endocrine system of crustaceans with special emphasis on development and reproduction, which are targets for endocrine disruption, and reviews available methods......New and updated methods to detect and characterize endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are urgently needed for the purpose of environmental risk assessment since these substances are often not detected using existing chronic toxicity tests. Numerous reports on the effects of EDCs on crustacean...... development and reproduction have been published and the development of life-cycle tests with crustaceans has been prioritized within the OECD work program for endocrine disrupter testing and assessment. As a result, Sweden, and Denmark initiated a proposal for development of a full life-cycle test...

  4. Motility of copepod nauplii and implications for food encounter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Titelman, Josefin; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    of tracks, speeds, durations and frequencies of events as well as time budgets. Motility mode often changes drastically during naupliar ontogeny. Crudely, nauplii can be divided into those moving with a jump-sink type of motility of various frequencies (1 min(-1) to 3 s(-1)) and those swimming...... with a smoother glide of varying continuity. We apply observed time budgets and behavior-specific speeds in simple models to examine mechanisms of food encounter. The motility of all nauplii may account for clearance rates reported in the literature, but through different mechanisms. Smoothly swimming nauphi...... cyclopoids is sufficient to prevent prey diffusion from reaching steady state rates, which are too low to account for observed clearance rates reported in the literature. Frequent jumpers (e.g. Acartia tonsa) jump at a frequency close to the optimum required to maximize the use of prey motility and to avoid...

  5. Chemical comparison and acute toxicity of water accommodated fraction (WAF) of source and field collected Macondo oils from the Deepwater Horizon spill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faksness, Liv-Guri; Altin, Dag; Nordtug, Trond; Daling, Per S; Hansen, Bjørn Henrik

    2015-02-15

    Two Source oils and five field collected oil residues from the Deepwater Horizon incident were chemically characterized. Water accommodated fractions (WAFs) of the Source oils and two of the field-weathered oils were prepared to evaluate the impact of natural weathering on the chemical composition and the acute toxicity of the WAFs. Toxicity test species representing different tropic levels were used (the primary producer Skeletonema costatum (algae) and the herbivorous copepod Acartia tonsa). The results suggest that the potential for acute toxicity is higher in WAFs from non-weathered oils than WAFs from the field weathered oils. The Source oils contained a large fraction of soluble and bioavailable components (such as BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, xylenes) and naphthalene), whereas in the surface collected oils these components were depleted by dissolution into the water column as the oil rose to the surface and by evaporative loss after reaching the sea surface. PMID:25534626

  6. Predator avoidance by nauplii

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Titelman, Josefin; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    upwards and also away from the flow, and are thus able to assess direction of flow. Sensitivity to hydrodynamic signals is tightly linked to the general motility pattern. Hydrodynamically conspicuous nauplii that move in a jump-sink pattern are more effective at remotely detecting predators than are...... continuous swimmers of similar size. We assessed the effects of different motility strategies in terms of detectability and volume encounter with copepod predators by means of simple hydrodynamic models. While jump-sink type nauplii may be at an advantage over swimmers in interactions with sinking and......We examined anti-predation strategies in relation to motility patterns for early and late nauplii of 6 species of copepods (Calanus helgolandicus, Centropages typicus, Eurytemora affinis, Euterpina acutifrons, Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis). Remote detection and escape abilities were...

  7. Prey detection and prey capture in copepod nauplii

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruno, Eleonora; Borg, Marc Andersen; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    (Temora longicornis). We demonstrate that the ambush feeders both detect motile prey remotely. Prey detection elicits an attack jump, but the jump is not directly towards the prey, such as has been described for adult copepods. Rather, the nauplius jumps past the prey and sets up an intermittent feeding......Copepod nauplii are either ambush feeders that feed on motile prey or they produce a feeding current that entrains prey cells. It is unclear how ambush and feeding-current feeding nauplii perceive and capture prey. Attack jumps in ambush feeding nauplii should not be feasible at low Reynolds...... numbers due to the thick viscous boundary layer surrounding the attacking nauplius. We use high-speed video to describe the detection and capture of phytoplankton prey by the nauplii of two ambush feeding species (Acartia tonsa and Oithona davisae) and by the nauplii of one feeding-current feeding species...

  8. Temporal and spatial variations in age structure of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba (Dana) from commercial fishery in the waters near the Antarctic Peninsular%南极半岛邻近水域南极大磷虾商业捕捞群体的年龄结构时空变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左涛; 徐鹏翔; 李灵智; 陈丹; 赵宪勇; 黄洪亮; 夏辉; 徐玉成; 孙坚强; 冯春雷; 王新良; 朱国平

    2012-01-01

    During 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 fishing seasons, Antarctic krill Euphausia superba Dana from the south Atlantic Ocean was harvested by Chinese commercial fishery vessels in the CCAMLR subarea 48. 1 near the South Shetland Islands and CCAMLR subarea 48. 2 near the South Orkney Islands, respectively. The length-frequency and sex ratio of krill collected in both fishing seasons were analyzed to estimate its growth, age structure, and evaluate potential temporal-spatial variations of its spawning season. Based on the results of length-frequency fitting mixture distribution, five age groups (l+~5+) were observed in the krill population. The age structure and sex ratio of krill varied in the two fishing seasons and subareas. In the waters near the South Shetland Islands of subarea 48. 1, E. superba population was domi-nanted by individuals at age 5+ in January, 2010 and December, 2011. In the two months, gravid female were abundant and consisted over 40 percent of all krill numbers. Gravid females were between age 3+ ~5+ and dominated by those of age 5+. In contrast, in the waters near the South Orkney Islands of the subarea 48. 2, E. superba population was still dominated by individuals of age 5+in February, 2010, yet subsequently by those of age 3+in February, March and April, 2011. Although gravid females of age 5+ were observed, their proportions decreased only about 15% in February, 2010 and less than 1% from February to April, 2011. Monthly observation during February, March and April, 2011 showed that it tended to be fewer gravid individuals, more unimodal age structure and increased sex ratio. In addition, the krill growth rate decreased with month and was negative value in March and April. Based on the above results, it could be inferred that in subarea 48. 2,E. superba spawning peak in 2010/2011 fishing season should be earlier than February,2011, while spawning remained in that month of 2009/ 2010 fishing season.%2009/2010和2010/2011两渔季,我国渔轮在

  9. 南极半岛邻近海域南极大磷虾(Euphausia superba Dana)的数量组成和分布%The Abundance, Distribution, and Stage-Specific Compositions ofEuphausia superbain the Water Around the Antarctic Peninsula

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左涛; 陈丹; 赵宪勇; 吴强; 李显森

    2015-01-01

    . Therefore our study suggested that the surface sampling method could be an effective supplement to the traditional methods in the study of the spatial distribution and the growth of the krill.%根据2010年1月23日-2月13日在南极南设得兰群岛和南奥克尼群岛邻近海域渔场采集的南极大磷虾(Euphausia superbaDana)样品,分析了南极大磷虾数量、个体体长分布和发育期组成等种群结构特点.样品由330μm和500μm浮游生物网垂直拖网和表层水平拖网两种采集方式所获.结果显示,采集样中,南奥克尼群岛水域的南极大磷虾平均密度为1.92 ind/m3,高于南设得兰群岛水域的相应值(0.35 ind/m3);出现的南极大磷虾个体发育期包括CI至CIII期原蚤状幼体、FI至FIV期和FVI期蚤状幼体、未成体、成体(包括雌体和雄体);各发育期个体中,原蚤状幼体数量较多;原蚤状幼体、蚤状幼体、未成体及成体的体长范围(平均体长)分别为1.76–4.96 mm (3.48 mm)、3.95–14.80 mm (5.96 mm)、16.87–39.85 mm (36.10 mm)、40.00–58.96 mm (43.94 mm).CIII期原蚤状幼体和FI期蚤状幼体的生长率较高.推测,南奥克尼群岛水域南极大磷虾生殖季节始于9月末,集中出现在12月中上旬;而南设得兰群岛生殖季节应早于上述水域.比较两种采集方式,南极大磷虾在水平网中的出现频率和个体出现数量均高于垂直网采集样的相应值,建议传统垂直拖网与水平拖网两种采样方式有效结合,可促进更全面了解大磷虾水平分布和种群结构特点.

  10. Effect of advection on variations in zooplankton at a single location near Cabo Nazca, Peru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, S L; Brink, K H; Santander, H; Cowles, T J; Huyer, A

    1980-04-01

    Temporal variations in the biomass and species composition of zooplankton at a single midshelf station in an upwelling area off Peru can be explained to a large extent by onshore-offshore advection in the upper 20 m of the water column. During periods of strong or sustained near-surface onshore flow, peaks in biomass of zooplankton were observed at midshelf and typically oceanic species of copepod were collected. In periods of offshore flow at the surface, a copepod capable of migrating into oxygen-depleted layers deeper than 30 m was collected. A simple translocation model of advection applied to the cross-shelf distribution of Paracalanus parvus suggests that the fluctuations in P. pavus observed in the midshelf time-series were closely related to onshore-offshore flow in the upper 20 m. Fluctuations in abundance of the numerically dominant copepod, Acartia tonsa, were apparently affected by near surface flow also. The population age-structure suggests that A. tonsa was growing at maximal rates, due in part to its positive feeding response to the dinoflagellate/diatom assemblage of phytoplankton.

  11. Lipid nanocapsules as a new delivery system in copepods: Toxicity studies and optical imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stancheva, Stefka; Souissi, Anissa; Ibrahim, Ali; Barras, Alexandre; Spriet, Corentin; Souissi, Sami; Boukherroub, Rabah

    2015-11-01

    In this paper, we investigated the potential of lipid nanocapsules (LNCs) as a delivery system of small hydrophobic molecules, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) - pyrene, fluoranthene, phenanthrene, in the copepod Acartia tonsa. The LNCs were produced by a phase inversion process with a nominal size of 50 nm. These nanocapsules were obtained without organic solvent and with pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. The PAHs-LNCs displayed a stable monodisperse size distribution and a good stability in sea water for 7 days. By using fluorescent LNCs, it was possible to evidence LNCs ingestion by the copepods using confocal laser scanning microscopy. While blank LNCs are not toxic to copepods at tested concentrations, PAH-loaded LNCs were found to be very toxic on A. tonsa with a high mortality rate reaching 95% after 72 h exposure to 200 nM pyrene-loaded LNCs. On the other hand, when acetone is used to dissolve an equivalent concentration of PAHs in sea water, the copepod mortality is 10 times lower than using LNCs as nano-delivery system. This confirms the efficiency of using LNCs to deliver molecules directly in the gut or copepod carapace. The small size and non toxicity of these delivery nano-systems make them suitable for drug delivery to copepods.

  12. Algal toxins alter copepod feeding behavior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiarong Hong

    Full Text Available Using digital holographic cinematography, we quantify and compare the feeding behavior of free-swimming copepods, Acartia tonsa, on nutritional prey (Storeatula major to that occurring during exposure to toxic and non-toxic strains of Karenia brevis and Karlodinium veneficum. These two harmful algal species produce polyketide toxins with different modes of action and potency. We distinguish between two different beating modes of the copepod's feeding appendages-a "sampling beating" that has short durations (<100 ms and involves little fluid entrainment and a longer duration "grazing beating" that persists up to 1200 ms and generates feeding currents. The durations of both beating modes have log-normal distributions. Without prey, A. tonsa only samples the environment at low frequency. Upon introduction of non-toxic food, it increases its sampling time moderately and the grazing period substantially. On mono algal diets for either of the toxic dinoflagellates, sampling time fraction is high but the grazing is very limited. A. tonsa demonstrates aversion to both toxic algal species. In mixtures of S. major and the neurotoxin producing K. brevis, sampling and grazing diminish rapidly, presumably due to neurological effects of consuming brevetoxins while trying to feed on S. major. In contrast, on mixtures of cytotoxin producing K. veneficum, both behavioral modes persist, indicating that intake of karlotoxins does not immediately inhibit the copepod's grazing behavior. These findings add critical insight into how these algal toxins may influence the copepod's feeding behavior, and suggest how some harmful algal species may alter top-down control exerted by grazers like copepods.

  13. Algal toxins alter copepod feeding behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Jiarong; Talapatra, Siddharth; Katz, Joseph; Tester, Patricia A; Waggett, Rebecca J; Place, Allen R

    2012-01-01

    Using digital holographic cinematography, we quantify and compare the feeding behavior of free-swimming copepods, Acartia tonsa, on nutritional prey (Storeatula major) to that occurring during exposure to toxic and non-toxic strains of Karenia brevis and Karlodinium veneficum. These two harmful algal species produce polyketide toxins with different modes of action and potency. We distinguish between two different beating modes of the copepod's feeding appendages-a "sampling beating" that has short durations (<100 ms) and involves little fluid entrainment and a longer duration "grazing beating" that persists up to 1200 ms and generates feeding currents. The durations of both beating modes have log-normal distributions. Without prey, A. tonsa only samples the environment at low frequency. Upon introduction of non-toxic food, it increases its sampling time moderately and the grazing period substantially. On mono algal diets for either of the toxic dinoflagellates, sampling time fraction is high but the grazing is very limited. A. tonsa demonstrates aversion to both toxic algal species. In mixtures of S. major and the neurotoxin producing K. brevis, sampling and grazing diminish rapidly, presumably due to neurological effects of consuming brevetoxins while trying to feed on S. major. In contrast, on mixtures of cytotoxin producing K. veneficum, both behavioral modes persist, indicating that intake of karlotoxins does not immediately inhibit the copepod's grazing behavior. These findings add critical insight into how these algal toxins may influence the copepod's feeding behavior, and suggest how some harmful algal species may alter top-down control exerted by grazers like copepods. PMID:22629336

  14. Interactions between zooplankton and crude oil: toxic effects and bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Almeda

    Full Text Available We conducted ship-, shore- and laboratory-based crude oil exposure experiments to investigate (1 the effects of crude oil (Louisiana light sweet oil on survival and bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs in mesozooplankton communities, (2 the lethal effects of dispersant (Corexit 9500A and dispersant-treated oil on mesozooplankton, (3 the influence of UVB radiation/sunlight exposure on the toxicity of dispersed crude oil to mesozooplankton, and (4 the role of marine protozoans on the sublethal effects of crude oil and in the bioaccumulation of PAHs in the copepod Acartia tonsa. Mortality of mesozooplankton increased with increasing oil concentration following a sigmoid model with a median lethal concentration of 32.4 µl L(-1 in 16 h. At the ratio of dispersant to oil commonly used in the treatment of oil spills (i.e. 1∶20, dispersant (0.25 µl L(-1 and dispersant-treated oil were 2.3 and 3.4 times more toxic, respectively, than crude oil alone (5 µl L(-1 to mesozooplankton. UVB radiation increased the lethal effects of dispersed crude oil in mesozooplankton communities by 35%. We observed selective bioaccumulation of five PAHs, fluoranthene, phenanthrene, pyrene, chrysene and benzo[b]fluoranthene in both mesozooplankton communities and in the copepod A. tonsa. The presence of the protozoan Oxyrrhis marina reduced sublethal effects of oil on A. tonsa and was related to lower accumulations of PAHs in tissues and fecal pellets, suggesting that protozoa may be important in mitigating the harmful effects of crude oil exposure in copepods and the transfer of PAHs to higher trophic levels. Overall, our results indicate that the negative impact of oil spills on mesozooplankton may be increased by the use of chemical dispersant and UV radiation, but attenuated by crude oil-microbial food webs interactions, and that both mesozooplankton and protozoans may play an important role in fate of PAHs in marine environments.

  15. Population genetics of drifting (Calanus spp.) and resident (Acartia clausi) plankton in Norwegian fjords

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bucklin, A.; Kaartvedt, S.; Guarnieri, M.; Goswami, U.

    consequences of these two life-styles for copepods in four fjords of westrn Norway (Lurefjorden, Masfjorden, Sognefjorden and Sorfjorden) and one fjord in eastern Norway (Oslofjorden) is examined. Based on DNA sequence variation of a region of mitochondrial 16S...

  16. Composição, abundância e distribuição espacial do zooplâncton no complexo estuarino de Paranaguá durante o inverno de 1993 e o verão de 1994 Zooplankton composition, abundance and spatial distribution in the estuarine complex of Paranaguá during winter 1993 and summer 1994

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubens M. Lopes

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A estrutura das associações zooplanctônicas do complexo estuarino de Paranaguá foi estudada no inverno de 1993 e no verão de 1994. Copépodes dos gêneros Acartia, Paracalanus, Parvocalanus, Temora, Pseudodiaptomus, Oithona e Euterpina foram dominantes, atingindo até cerca de 90% da densidade total. A única espécie que ocorreu preferencialmente em salinidades inferiores a 15 foi o calanóide Pseudodiaptomus richardi, que representa o principal componente do holoplncton nos setores oligohalinos. Acartia tonsa e Oithona oswaldocruzi predominaram nos trechos intermediários, associadas a outras espécies estuarino-marinhas que suportam maiores variações de salinidade, como Acartia lilljeborgi, Pseudodiaptomus acutus e Oithona hebes. Espécies marinho-eurihalinas como Temora turbinata, Paraca/anus quasimodo, Oithona simplex e Euterpina acutifrons ocorreram em salinidades tão baixas quanto 15, mas foram mais abundantes na área externa influenciada pela água costeira. Várias espécies marinho-estenohalinas, associadas principalmente às águas quentes da Corrente do Brasil, foram registradas no setor euhalino. Outros grupos zooplanctônicos numericamente importantes foram os tintinineos, apendiculárias, cladóceros e alguns representantes do meroplncton, como as larvas de poliquetas e decápodes. Os máximos de abundncia do zooplncton (até cerca de 82000 org.m-3 ocorreram nos setores intermediários, em salinidades variando entre 15 e 30, coincidindo aproximadamente com o padrão de distribuição da biomassa fitoplanctônica.Zooplankton community structure was investigated in the estuarine complex of Paranaguá (Southern Brazil during July 1993 (winter and February-March 1994 (summer. Copepods belonging to the genera Acartia, Paracalanus, Parvocalanus, Pseudodiaptomus, Temora, Oithona and Euterpina dominated the zooplankton associations, attaining up to 90% of total densities. Pseudodiaptomus richardi was the dominant estuarine

  17. Mandible characteristics and allometric relations in copepods: a reliable method to estimate prey size and composition from mandible occurrence in predator guts Caracterización de mandíbulas y relación alométrica en copépodos: método adecuado para estimar tamaño y composición de presas usando mandíbulas encontradas en intestinos de depredadores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Giesecke

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The size and shape of the cutting edge of the mandibles from the five most abundant copepod species found in Mejillones Bay are described with the aim to create a helpful tool for the identification of copepod prey and their size from predator gut contents. Good allometric relationships were found between the carapace length and the mandible width for the species Paracalanus parvus, Centropages brachiatus and Acartia tonsa. By contrast, the cyclopoids Oithona sp. and Corycaeus sp. did not present a good relationship between these two parameters, presumably due to the presence of more than a species in the study area. Applying the edge index (Itoh 1970 the copepods were classified as herbivores (e.g., P. parvus, omnivores (e.g., C. brachiatus and A. tonsa, and carnivores (e.g., Oithona sp.. In general, there was a tight relationship between the morphometric characters of the mandible blade and the trophic ecology of each species. The good relationship between the mandible width and the carapace length of the calanoid species will permit the estimation of the size of an ingested copepod by a predator, within a certain degree of accuracy, by measuring the width of the mandibles found in gut contents. This relationship and the supplementary characterization of the mandible blade will help improve the knowledge of the feeding ecology of the mesozooplankton in northern ChileEl tamaño y forma del extremo cortante de la mandíbula de las cinco especies de copépodos más abundantes en la bahía de Mejillones fueron descritas con el propósito de crear una herramienta útil para la identificación de contenidos intestinales de depredadores de copépodos. Aparte de esto, se analizó la relación alométrica entre la longitud cefalotoráxica y el diámetro mandibular para las especies Paracalanus parvus, Centropages brachiatus Acartia tonsa, Oithona sp. y Corycaeus sp. A diferencia de las especies calanoídeas, las especies ciclopoídeas no presentaron

  18. Fitness consequences for copepods feeding on a red tide dinoflagellate: deciphering the effects of nutritional value, toxicity, and feeding behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prince, Emily K; Lettieri, Liliana; McCurdy, Katherine J; Kubanek, Julia

    2006-03-01

    Phytoplankton exhibit a diversity of morphologies, nutritional values, and potential chemical defenses that could affect the feeding and fitness of zooplankton consumers. However, how phytoplankton traits shape plant-herbivore interactions in the marine plankton is not as well understood as for terrestrial or marine macrophytes and their grazers. The occurrence of blooms of marine dinoflagellates such as Karenia brevis suggests that, for uncertain reasons, grazers are unable to capitalize on, or control, this phytoplankton growth-making these systems appealing for testing mechanisms of grazing deterrence. Using the sympatric copepod Acartia tonsa, we conducted a mixed diet feeding experiment to test whether K. brevis is beneficial, toxic, nutritionally inadequate, or behaviorally rejected as food relative to the palatable and nutritionally adequate phytoplankter Rhodomonas lens. On diets rich in K. brevis, copepods experienced decreased survivorship and decreased egg production per female, but the percentage of eggs that hatched was unaffected. Although copepods showed a 6-17% preference for R. lens over K. brevis on some mixed diets, overall high ingestion rates eliminated the possibility that reduced copepod fitness was caused by copepods avoiding K. brevis, leaving nutritional inadequacy and toxicity as remaining hypotheses. Because egg production was dependent on the amount of R. lens consumed regardless of the amount of K. brevis eaten, there was no evidence that fitness costs were caused by K. brevis toxicity. Copepods limited to K. brevis ate 480% as much as those fed only R. lens, suggesting that copepods attempted to compensate for low food quality with increased quantity ingested. Our results indicate that K. brevis is a poor food for A. tonsa, probably due to nutritional inadequacy rather than toxicity, which could affect bloom dynamics in the Gulf of Mexico where these species co-occur.

  19. Ocean Acidification Affects the Phyto-Zoo Plankton Trophic Transfer Efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cripps, Gemma; Flynn, Kevin J; Lindeque, Penelope K

    2016-01-01

    The critical role played by copepods in ocean ecology and biogeochemistry warrants an understanding of how these animals may respond to ocean acidification (OA). Whilst an appreciation of the potential direct effects of OA, due to elevated pCO2, on copepods is improving, little is known about the indirect impacts acting via bottom-up (food quality) effects. We assessed, for the first time, the chronic effects of direct and/or indirect exposures to elevated pCO2 on the behaviour, vital rates, chemical and biochemical stoichiometry of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. Bottom-up effects of elevated pCO2 caused species-specific biochemical changes to the phytoplanktonic feed, which adversely affected copepod population structure and decreased recruitment by 30%. The direct impact of elevated pCO2 caused gender-specific respiratory responses in A.tonsa adults, stimulating an enhanced respiration rate in males (> 2-fold), and a suppressed respiratory response in females when coupled with indirect elevated pCO2 exposures. Under the combined indirect+direct exposure, carbon trophic transfer efficiency from phytoplankton-to-zooplankton declined to < 50% of control populations, with a commensurate decrease in recruitment. For the first time an explicit role was demonstrated for biochemical stoichiometry in shaping copepod trophic dynamics. The altered biochemical composition of the CO2-exposed prey affected the biochemical stoichiometry of the copepods, which could have ramifications for production of higher tropic levels, notably fisheries. Our work indicates that the control of phytoplankton and the support of higher trophic levels involving copepods have clear potential to be adversely affected under future OA scenarios.

  20. Ocean Acidification Affects the Phyto-Zoo Plankton Trophic Transfer Efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cripps, Gemma; Flynn, Kevin J.; Lindeque, Penelope K.

    2016-01-01

    The critical role played by copepods in ocean ecology and biogeochemistry warrants an understanding of how these animals may respond to ocean acidification (OA). Whilst an appreciation of the potential direct effects of OA, due to elevated pCO2, on copepods is improving, little is known about the indirect impacts acting via bottom-up (food quality) effects. We assessed, for the first time, the chronic effects of direct and/or indirect exposures to elevated pCO2 on the behaviour, vital rates, chemical and biochemical stoichiometry of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. Bottom-up effects of elevated pCO2 caused species-specific biochemical changes to the phytoplanktonic feed, which adversely affected copepod population structure and decreased recruitment by 30%. The direct impact of elevated pCO2 caused gender-specific respiratory responses in A.tonsa adults, stimulating an enhanced respiration rate in males (> 2-fold), and a suppressed respiratory response in females when coupled with indirect elevated pCO2 exposures. Under the combined indirect+direct exposure, carbon trophic transfer efficiency from phytoplankton-to-zooplankton declined to < 50% of control populations, with a commensurate decrease in recruitment. For the first time an explicit role was demonstrated for biochemical stoichiometry in shaping copepod trophic dynamics. The altered biochemical composition of the CO2-exposed prey affected the biochemical stoichiometry of the copepods, which could have ramifications for production of higher tropic levels, notably fisheries. Our work indicates that the control of phytoplankton and the support of higher trophic levels involving copepods have clear potential to be adversely affected under future OA scenarios. PMID:27082737

  1. Mesozooplankton assemblages and their relationship with environmental variables: a study case in a disturbed bay (Beagle Channel, Argentina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biancalana, Florencia; Dutto, M Sofía; Berasategui, Anabela A; Kopprio, Germán; Hoffmeyer, Mónica S

    2014-12-01

    This study focused on the seasonal and spatial analysis of the mesozooplankton community in a human-impacted subantarctic bay in Argentina and aimed to detect assemblages associated with environmental variability. Mesozooplankton samples and environmental data were obtained in the Ushuaia Bay (UB) seasonally, from August 2004 to June 2005, and spatially, from coastal (more polluted), middle (less influenced) and open sea water (free polluted) sampling stations. Remarkable seasonal changes on the mesozooplankton community were observed. Nitrogenated nutrients, chlorophyll a, salinity and temperature were the prevailing environmental conditions likely associated with the different mesozooplankton assemblages found in the bay. The copepods Eurytemora americana, Acartia tonsa, Podon leuckarti and Nematoda were particularly observed on the northwest coast of the bay, characterized by the highest level of urban pollution, eutrophicated by sewage and freshwater inputs from the Encerrada Bay which is connected to it. The stations situated in the northeast area, mostly influenced by freshwater input from rivers and glacier melting, showed low mesozooplankton abundances and an important contribution of adventitious plankton. The copepods Ctenocalanus citer, Clausocalanus brevipes and Drepanopus forcipatus were mostly observed at the stations located near the Beagle Channel, characterized by open sea and free polluted waters. Our findings suggest that the variations observed in the mesozooplankton assemblages in the UB seem to be modulated by environmental variables associated with the anthropogenic influence, clearly detected on the coast of the bay. Certain opportunistic species such as A. tonsa and E. americana could be postulated as potential bioindicators of water quality in subantarctic coastal ecosystems. PMID:25204897

  2. Valcer i salonsko kolo od 19. stoljeća do danas

    OpenAIRE

    Niemčić, Iva

    2005-01-01

    Trag širenja valcera u Europi dovodi nas i do Zagreba, a potom ga možemo pratiti i u cijeloj Hrvatskoj. Budući da se tada nije puno pisalo o samome plesu, autorica podatke nalazi u raznim društvenim kronikama i izvještajima u novinama o gradskim plesnim zabavama toga doba. Prateći trag dolaska valcera u hrvatske plesne dvorane, neizbježna je bila i usporedba s gotovo istodobnom pojavom hrvatskoga društvenog parovnog plesa salonskog kola. Autorica u tekstu prati dolazak, širenje, zajednički su...

  3. DANA PIHAK KETIGA DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHINYA PADA PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Sartika

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the effect of GDP (Gross Domestic Product and the exchange rate on U.S. dollar against the TPF (Third Party Funds in Indonesia. The objective of Islamic banking in this study was to analyze the influence of GDP (Gross Domestic Product Rupiah rate against U.S. dollar deposits (Fund Party Third of Islamic banking in Indonesia. In writing this makes the GDP (Gross Domestic Product and the rupiah rate to U.S. dollar as the variables that influence to measure how much influence on Deposits (Third Party Funds. This study used 24 samples comprising the financial statements starting from January 2004 till December 2009. The method used in this study is the statistical method with a multiple regression model, where to find or measure how much influence given by the GDP (Gross Domestic Product and exchange rate on U.S. dollar against the TPF (Third Party Funds Islamic banking. The result showed that the variables GDP (Gross Domestic Product and the exchange rate on U.S. dollar deposits have a significant effect on the Fund (Third Party Islamic banking in IndonesiaDOI: 10.15408/sjie.v2i2.2426

  4. Pengaruh Dana Investasi Melalui Instrumen SUN dan SBSN Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tya Ryandini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Influence of Investment Fund Through National Bond (SUN and National Sukuk (SBSN To Economic Growth in Indonesia. The aims of this research is to analyze the short term and long term influence of investment fund through National Bond (SUN and National Sukuk (SBSN to economic growth in Indonesia in the year of 2008 – 2012.The methode which used in this research is Error Correction Model. The result shows that economic development is positively influenced by National Bond in short term and long term. But, it negatively influenced by the National Sukuk both in short term and long term  DOI:10.15408/aiq.v6i1.1369

  5. Imigracija u Europi danas: aparthejd ili građanska kohabitacija?

    OpenAIRE

    Suvin, Darko

    2011-01-01

    Članak raspravlja orijentacije koje bi spriječile klizanje prema državama aparthejda. Počinje fenomenologijom masovnih seljenja, te se pita: Jesu li ne-građani ljudi? Koje su granice narodnog suvereniteta? Kakva je to sloboda ako je dobar dio stanovnika nepotpuno slobodan? Završava s pet povezanih aksioma: 1/ pravo na gostoprimstvo (pa zatim i državljanstvo) središnje je ljudsko pravo; 2/ svaka država treba dati svojim stanovnicima maksimalno mogući opseg građanskih prava; 3...

  6. Asimetri pada Flypaper Effect: Bukti Empiris Pemanfaatan Dana Alokasi Umum pada Pemerintah Daerah di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junaidi .

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this research is to provide empirical proof of occurrence of asymmetries in the flypaper effect for the Indonesian Municipalities. The flypaper effect, when an unconditional lump-sum grant to a municipal government increases spending in a greater proportion than an equivalent raise in municipal revenue. Using a panel of data on Indonesian municipalities covering the period 2000-2010, we also clear evidence of there is asymmetrical reactions. More precisely, the results suggest the presence of a fiscal replacement type of asymmetry: when grants grow, municipalities spend most of the additional revenue. Furthermore, when grants fall, spending is unaffected and municipalities compensate the loss through additional taxation.

  7. A new species of Euchirella (fam. Aetideidae) from the "Dana"-collections (Copepoda, Calanoida)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vaupel-Klein, von J.C.

    1980-01-01

    SUMMARY Euchirella paulinae spec. nov. is described and illustrated in extenso ; various structures are outlined in detail for the first time. The external morphology of the new species is discussed with reference to the other species of the genus. Some brief remarks are made about the anatomical te

  8. April 2004 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (Geodetic Coordinates) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs)...

  9. Habitat shifts and spatial distribution of the intertidal crab Neohelice ( Chasmagnathus ) granulata Dana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casariego, Agustina Mendez; Alberti, Juan; Luppi, Tomás; Daleo, Pedro; Iribarne, Oscar

    2011-08-01

    Intertidal zones of estuaries and embayments of the SW Atlantic are dominated by the semiterrestrial burrowing grapsid crab, Neohelice ( Chasmagnathus) granulata, and characterized by extensive mud flats surrounded by salt marshes. In this work we examined spatial patterns of distribution of N. granulata during two years to explain their movement patterns. The results of the population sampling showed segregation by sex and size throughout the intertidal, with seasonal variations in densities and different condition indices for adults and juveniles at the different zones. The comparison of seasonal activity (ambulatory activity outside burrows) between marshes and mudflats shows that short term (e.g. daily) variations in activity were controlled by tides. Crabs were active at high tides but increased their activity on days with higher tidal amplitude. Seasonal activity showed that at both areas, females remain with low activity except for a peak in winter, while males showed the highest activity during summer in the mudflat zone, but not so in the marsh. This pattern can be the response to differences in stress tolerance, suggesting that high temperatures are limiting the performance of adult crabs during summer, especially at the marsh where physical conditions can be more critical. The spatial size segregation can be explained by differential mortality in each zone (estimated with tethered crabs), and by the juvenile movement between these zones (estimated with movement traps). Juvenile mortality is higher at the mudflat, while adult mortality is higher in the marsh. Smaller juveniles moved to the marsh, where the mortality is lower, and the larger juveniles moved towards the mudflat. This mortality is due almost exclusively to cannibalism, so our results suggest that this movement of different size classes between zones is controlled, at least in part, by intraspecific predation.

  10. December 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (latitude and longitude) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs)...

  11. H09274: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Southwest of Dana Point, California, 1972-03-29

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  12. Food ingestion and assimilation by Hyaie media (Dana, 1853 (Crustacea - Amphipoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Airton Santo Tararam

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available The feeding of Hyale media was analysed under laboratory conditions in winter and summer temperatures. The results showed that assimilation rates increased following food ingestion rates and decreased when egestion rates increased. In winter temperatures no significant differences were found in the assimilation rates among developmental stages and sexes. In summer temperatures assimilation rates for ovigerous and non-ovigerous females were higher than those found for adult and young males. Although not statistically analysed, mean assimilation efficiencies were highest among ovigerous females and adult males, in summer. The quantitative and qualitative variations found in the assimilation efficiency and rates were explained by the differential effect of temperature on the specific growth rate and in the physiological conditions of each growth stage concerned.No presente estudo foram analisados em laboratório, sob temperaturas de inverno e verão, aspectos quantitativos da alimentação de Hyale media (Crustacea-Amphipoda, utilizando-se o método gravimetría, aliado ao conteúdo de carbono dos itens alimentares oferecidos. Nos experimentos com temperatura de inverno não foi encontrado diferença significativa nas taxas de assimilação entre os diferentes estádios de desenvolvimento e sexo. Naqueles com temperatura de verão as taxas de assimilação para fêmeas ovígera e não ovígera foram maiores que aquelas encontradas para machos adulto e jovem. As variações encontradas nas taxa e eficiência de assimilação foram explicadas pelo efeito diferencial da temperatura sobre a taxa de crescimento específico e condições fisiológicas de cada estádio de desenvolvimento.

  13. Food ingestion and assimilation by Hyaie media (Dana, 1853) (Crustacea - Amphipoda)

    OpenAIRE

    Airton Santo Tararam; Hilda de Souza Lima Mesquita; Yoko Wakabara; Clóvis A. Peres

    1990-01-01

    The feeding of Hyale media was analysed under laboratory conditions in winter and summer temperatures. The results showed that assimilation rates increased following food ingestion rates and decreased when egestion rates increased. In winter temperatures no significant differences were found in the assimilation rates among developmental stages and sexes. In summer temperatures assimilation rates for ovigerous and non-ovigerous females were higher than those found for adult and young males. Al...

  14. TINJAUAN YURIDIS PARA PIHAK DALAM TRANSAKSI PENGAMBILAN ATAU TRANSFER DANA MELALUI MESIN ANJUNGAN TUNAI MANDIRI (ATM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augustinus Simanjuntak

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available According to civil code or Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW, article 1320, there are four legal conditions of business contract must be fulfilled by parties. One of condition is agreement. Based on this condition, the position of each parties must be equal at the same level. Besides, each parties must be exist and make effective communication before get in to that agreement. Commonly, every subjects in business transaction need dealing process first between one to another party, and than the parties goes to delivering or transfering the object of transaction. At least they have to know each other first if transaction will be implemented. But, this legal term is not fully found in one of banking transaction facilities that is automatic teller machine as we called Anjungan Tunai Mandiri (ATM. The legal issue which come out from this transaction system is particularly regarding to the subjects or parties. Every time the customer goes to ATM, she or he will not find another party existing there. It means that customer do transaction without presence of bank party. So, if ATM has broken and the balance in costumer account has decreased for debit, bank does not always liable for the costumer loss. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Menurut pasal 1320 Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata atau Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW, ada empat syarat sahnya suatu kontrak bisnis yang harus dipenuhi oleh para pihak. Salah satunya ialah kesepakatan. Berdasarkan syarat ini, posisi para pihak harus sejajar pada tingkat yang sama. Selain itu, masing-masing pihak harus eksis dan melakukan komunikasi yang efektif sebelum mencapai kesepakatan. Lazimnya, setiap subjek dalam transaksi bisnis membutuhkan proses persetujuan terlebih dahulu antara pihak yang satu dengan pihak lainnya, dan kemudian para pihak menuju pada penyerahan atau pemindahan objek transaksi. Paling tidak, mereka harus saling mengetahui bila transaksi akan dilaksanakan. Tetapi, syarat hukum ini tidak sepenuhnya ditemukan di salah satu fasilitas transaksi bank, yaitu automatic teller machine atau yang biasa disebut mesin Anjungan Tunai Mandiri (ATM. Permasalahan hukum yang timbul dari sistem transaksi ini adalah terkait dengan subjek atau para pihak. Setiap waktu nasabah pergi ke mesin ATM, ia tidak akan menemukan pihak lain berada di sana. Itu artinya bahwa nasabah melakukan transaksi tanpa kehadiran perwakilan pihak bank. Oleh karena itu, jika mesin ATM rusak dan saldo nasabah sudah berkurang karena sempat terdebet maka bank tidak selalu mau bertanggungjawab atas uang nasabah yang hilang itu. Kata kunci: transaksi, para pihak, kesepakatan, mesin ATM, kerugian nasabah.

  15. 77 FR 51064 - Dana Holding Corporation, Power Technologies Group Division, Including On-Site Leased Workers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ... the workers meet the eligibility requirements of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended. Conclusion After... Autoworkers Union requested administrative reconsideration of the negative determination regarding workers' eligibility to apply for Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) applicable to workers and former workers of...

  16. PENGELOLAAN DANA FILANTROPI UNTUK PEMBERDAYAAN PENDIDIKAN ANAK DHUAFA (STUDI KASUS PADA BMH CABANG MALANG JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aan Nasrullah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to look at how the Institute of Baitul Mal Hidayatullah (BMH branch Malang manage and distribute philanthropy funds (zakat, infaq, ṣadaqah and waqf, for the empowerment of poor children education . The approach in this research is qualitative approach, the research design is case study. The results of this study indicate that philanthropy funds have been collected by BMH Branch Malang will be distributed to the four main programs these are, Propagation Program, Education, Social and Economic. The management of philanthropy funds for poor children's education empowerment distributed on three programs: Berpadu (Beasiswa Peduli Anak Dhuafa, PPAS (Pusat Pengembangan Pendidikan Anak Sholeh, and PSD (Pengembangan Sekolah Dhuafa.

  17. A transcriptome resource for Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana) exposed to short-term stress

    KAUST Repository

    Martins, Maria João F

    2015-10-01

    Euphausia superba is a keystone species in Antarctic food webs. However, the continued decrease in stock density raises concerns over the resilience and adaptive potential of krill to withstand the current rate of environmental change. We undertook a transcriptome-scale approach (454 pyrosequencing) as a baseline for future studies addressing the physiological response of krill to short-term food shortage and natural UV-B stress. The final assembly resulted in a total of 26,415 contigs, 39.8% of which were putatively annotated. Exploratory analyses indicate an overall reduction in protein synthesis under food shortage while UV stress resulted in the activation of photo-protective mechanisms. © 2015.

  18. Memaknai Disclosure Laporan Sumber dan Penggunaan Dana Kebajikan (Qardhul Hasan Bank Syariah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iqbal M. Aris Ali

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The research was carried out in Bank Muamalat Indonesia Cabang Ternate and Bank Syariah Mandiri Cabang Ternate. Informants were Shariah bank managers, and academicians. Data triangulation is also used. Non-positivistic approach with symbolic interaction and God Trilogy teaching are utilised as methodology. Findings suggest that the Sources and Uses of Qardhul Hasan Funds diclosure is interpreted as: (1 goodness, (2 balance, and (3 education. Sources and Uses of Qardhul Hasan Funds disclosure is an action of sincerity to explain social fund information based on truth with competencies and attitude to maintain trust for the good of entity and people.

  19. March 2003 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (Geodetic Coordinates) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs)...

  20. Zooplankton research off Peru: A review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayón, Patricia; Criales-Hernandez, Maria I.; Schwamborn, Ralf; Hirche, Hans-Jürgen

    2008-10-01

    A review of zooplankton studies conducted in Peruvian marine waters is given. After a short history of the development of zooplankton research off Peru, we review zooplankton methodology, taxonomy, biodiversity, spatial distribution, seasonal and interannual variability, trophodynamics, secondary production, and modelling. We review studies on several micro-, meso-, macro-, and meroplankton groups, and give a species list from both published and unpublished reports. Three regional zooplankton groups have been identified: (1) a continental shelf group dominated by Acartia tonsa and Centropages brachiatus; (2) a continental slope group characterized by siphonophores, bivalves, foraminifera and radiolaria; (3) and a species-rich oceanic group. The highest zooplankton abundances and biomasses were often found between 4-6°S and 14-16°S, where continental shelves are narrow. Species composition changes with distance from the shore. Species composition and biomass also vary strongly on short time scales due to advection, peaks of larval production, trophic interactions, and community succession. The relation of zooplankton to climatic variability (ENSO and multi-decadal) and fish stocks is discussed in the context of ecological regime shifts. An intermediate upwelling hypothesis is proposed, based on the negative effects of low upwelling intensity in summer or extremely strong and enduring winter upwelling on zooplankton abundance off Peru. According to this hypothesis, intermediate upwelling creates an optimal environmental window for zooplankton communities. Finally, we highlight important knowledge gaps that warrant attention in future.

  1. Zooplankton and Karenia brevis in the Gulf of Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lester, Kristen M.; Heil, Cynthia A.; Neely, Merry B.; Spence, Danylle N.; Murasko, Susan; Hopkins, Thomas L.; Sutton, Tracey T.; Burghart, Scott E.; Bohrer, Richard N.; Remsen, Andrew W.; Vargo, Gabriel A.; Walsh, John J.

    2008-01-01

    Blooms of the toxic dinoflagellate Karenia brevis are common in the Gulf of Mexico, yet no in situ studies of zooplankton and K. brevis have been conducted there. Zooplankton abundance and taxonomic composition at non-bloom and K. brevis bloom stations within the Ecology of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB) study area were compared. At non-bloom stations, the most abundant species of zooplankton were Parvocalanus crassirostris, Oithona colcarva, and Paracalanus quasimodo at the 5-m isobath and P. quasimodo, O. colcarva, and Oikopleura dioica at the 25-m isobath. There was considerable overlap in dominance of zooplankton species between the 5 and 25-m isobaths, with nine species contributing to 90% of abundance at both isobaths. At stations within K. brevis blooms however, Acartia tonsa, Centropages velificatus, Temora turbinata, Evadne tergestina, O. colcarva, O. dioica, and P. crassirostris were dominant. Variations in abundance between non-bloom and bloom assemblages were evident, including the reduction in abundance of three key species within K. brevis blooms.

  2. Temperature effects on copepod egg hatching: does acclimatization matter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume; Kozmér, A.;

    2010-01-01

    This report investigates female sizes, egg sizes and egg hatching rates in relation to temperature for the near-shore calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa cultured at 6, 9, 14 and 24°C for several generations to achieve acclimatization. Inverse size relationships of eggs and females were revealed...... with increasing temperature. Eggs produced at 6°C were 85 ± 4 µm in diameter, but decreased to 80 ± 3 µm at 24°C. Female cephalothorax length was 840 ± 52 and 692 ± 39 µm at 9 and 24°C, respectively. Parallel hatching experiments were performed between non-acclimatized and acclimatized cultures across a range...... of temperatures reflecting natural conditions in Danish waters. A greater fraction of eggs enter quiescence as temperature declines. Eggs were able to hatch at temperatures as low as 1.5°C. Final egg hatching success increased with temperature. Acclimatization of the copepods resulted in a lower maximum hatching...

  3. Tests for oil/dispersant toxicity: In situ laboratory assays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wright, D.A.; Coelho, G.M. [Univ. of Maryland System, Solomons, MD (United States); Aurand, D.V. [Ecosystem Management and Associates, Purcellville, VA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    As part of its readiness program in oil spill response, the Marine Pollution Control Unit (MPCU), Department of Transport, U.K. conducts annual field trials in the North Sea, approximately 30 nautical miles from the southeast coast of England. The trials take the form of controlled releases of crude oil or Medium Fuel/Gas Oil mix (MFO), with and without the application of Corexit 9527 dispersant. In 1994 and 1995 the authors conducted a series of in situ toxicity bioassays in association with these spills with included 48h LC50 tests for turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) and oyster (Crassostrea gigas) larvae, a 48 h oyster (C. gigas) embryonic development test and two full life-cycle assays using the copepods Acartia tonsa and Tisbe battagliai. Tests were also conducted in the Chesapeake Bay laboratory using estuarine species including the copepod Eurytemora affinis and the inland silverside Menidia beryllina. Here, the authors report on the results of these assays, together with 1996 in situ toxicity data resulting from Norwegian field trials in the northern North Sea.

  4. Tidal effects on short-term mesozooplankton distribution in small channels of a temperate-turbid estuary, Southwestern Atlantic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Chazarreta

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The short-term variability of mesozooplankton distribution and physicochemical variables was examined in two different channels of the Bahía Blanca Estuary, Argentina, during two tidal cycles. All the physicochemical measurements and mesozooplankton sampling were performed at a fixed site during approximately 22-23 h at 3-h intervals. Pumps were used to obtain surface and bottom mesozooplankton samples and the water speed of each stratum was measured with an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP. In all, 23 mesozooplanktonic taxa belonging to four phyla (Arthropoda, Annelida, Echinodermata and Chordata were identified. The most abundant taxa during the two tidal cycles were Balanus glandula larvae, Eurytemora americana and Acartia tonsa. A discernible variability in the water conditions and vertical mesozooplankton distribution (VMD different from that known for the estuary's main channel, was found in the other two selected channels. VMD varied during the tidal cycle in both channels in accordance with the channel's geomorphology and water dynamic characteristics of each of them. The variation of the abundance of the different taxa during ebb and flood currents might indicate the existence of a tidal vertical migration of the mesozooplankton as a response to particular dynamic water conditions.

  5. Influence of UVB radiation on the lethal and sublethal toxicity of dispersed crude oil to planktonic copepod nauplii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Harvey, Tracy E; Connelly, Tara L; Baca, Sarah; Buskey, Edward J

    2016-06-01

    Toxic effects of petroleum to marine zooplankton have been generally investigated using dissolved petroleum hydrocarbons and in the absence of sunlight. In this study, we determined the influence of natural ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation on the lethal and sublethal toxicity of dispersed crude oil to naupliar stages of the planktonic copepods Acartia tonsa, Temora turbinata and Pseudodiaptomus pelagicus. Low concentrations of dispersed crude oil (1 μL L(-1)) caused a significant reduction in survival, growth and swimming activity of copepod nauplii after 48 h of exposure. UVB radiation increased toxicity of dispersed crude oil by 1.3-3.8 times, depending on the experiment and measured variables. Ingestion of crude oil droplets may increase photoenhanced toxicity of crude oil to copepod nauplii by enhancing photosensitization. Photoenhanced sublethal toxicity was significantly higher when T. turbinata nauplii were exposed to dispersant-treated oil than crude oil alone, suggesting that chemical dispersion of crude oil may promote photoenhanced toxicity to marine zooplankton. Our results demonstrate that acute exposure to concentrations of dispersed crude oil and dispersant (Corexit 9500) commonly found in the sea after oil spills are highly toxic to copepod nauplii and that natural levels of UVB radiation substantially increase the toxicity of crude oil to these planktonic organisms. Overall, this study emphasizes the importance of considering sunlight in petroleum toxicological studies and models to better estimate the impact of crude oil spills on marine zooplankton. PMID:27003367

  6. Prey detection and prey capture in copepod nauplii.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Bruno

    Full Text Available Copepod nauplii are either ambush feeders that feed on motile prey or they produce a feeding current that entrains prey cells. It is unclear how ambush and feeding-current feeding nauplii perceive and capture prey. Attack jumps in ambush feeding nauplii should not be feasible at low Reynolds numbers due to the thick viscous boundary layer surrounding the attacking nauplius. We use high-speed video to describe the detection and capture of phytoplankton prey by the nauplii of two ambush feeding species (Acartia tonsa and Oithona davisae and by the nauplii of one feeding-current feeding species (Temora longicornis. We demonstrate that the ambush feeders both detect motile prey remotely. Prey detection elicits an attack jump, but the jump is not directly towards the prey, such as has been described for adult copepods. Rather, the nauplius jumps past the prey and sets up an intermittent feeding current that pulls in the prey from behind towards the mouth. The feeding-current feeding nauplius detects prey arriving in the feeding current but only when the prey is intercepted by the setae on the feeding appendages. This elicits an altered motion pattern of the feeding appendages that draws in the prey.

  7. Evaluation of antibiotics as a methodological procedure to inhibit free-living and biofilm bacteria in marine zooplankton culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa O. Agostini

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a problem with keeping culture medium completely or partially free from bacteria. The use of prokaryotic metabolic inhibitors, such as antibiotics, is suggested as an alternative solution, although such substances should not harm non-target organisms. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of antibiotic treatments in inhibiting free-living and biofilm bacteria and their half-life in artificial marine environment using the copepod Acartia tonsa as bioindicador of non-harmful antibiotic combinations. Regarding to results, the application of 0.025 g L-1 penicillin G potassium + 0.08 g L-1 streptomycin sulphate + 0.04 g L-1 neomycin sulphate showed great potential for use in marine cultures and scientific experiments without lethal effects to non-target organisms. The effect of this combination starts within the first six hours of exposure and reduces up to 93 % the bacterial density, but the half-life is short, requiring replacement. No adverse changes in water quality were observed within 168 hours of exposure. As a conclusion, we can infer that this treatment was an effective procedure for zooplankton cultures and scientific experiments with the aim of measuring the role of free-living and biofilm in the marine community.

  8. Food quality affects secondary consumers even at low quantities: an experimental test with larval European lobster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoo, Katherina L; Aberle, Nicole; Malzahn, Arne M; Boersma, Maarten

    2012-01-01

    The issues of food quality and food quantity are crucial for trophic interactions. Although most research has focussed on the primary producer-herbivore link, recent studies have shown that quality effects at the bottom of the food web propagate to higher trophic levels. Negative effects of poor food quality have almost exclusively been demonstrated at higher food quantities. Whether these negative effects have the same impact at low food availability in situations where the majority if not all of the resources are channelled into routine metabolism, is under debate. In this study a tri-trophic food chain was designed, consisting of the algae Rhodomonas salina, the copepod Acartia tonsa and freshly hatched larvae of the European lobster Homarus gammarus. The lobster larvae were presented with food of two different qualities (C:P ratios) and four different quantities to investigate the combined effects of food quality and quantity. Our results show that the quality of food has an impact on the condition of lobster larvae even at very low food quantities. Food with a lower C:P content resulted in higher condition of the lobster larvae regardless of the quantity of food. These interacting effects of food quality and food quantity can have far reaching consequences for ecosystem productivity. PMID:22442696

  9. Food quality affects secondary consumers even at low quantities: an experimental test with larval European lobster.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherina L Schoo

    Full Text Available The issues of food quality and food quantity are crucial for trophic interactions. Although most research has focussed on the primary producer-herbivore link, recent studies have shown that quality effects at the bottom of the food web propagate to higher trophic levels. Negative effects of poor food quality have almost exclusively been demonstrated at higher food quantities. Whether these negative effects have the same impact at low food availability in situations where the majority if not all of the resources are channelled into routine metabolism, is under debate. In this study a tri-trophic food chain was designed, consisting of the algae Rhodomonas salina, the copepod Acartia tonsa and freshly hatched larvae of the European lobster Homarus gammarus. The lobster larvae were presented with food of two different qualities (C:P ratios and four different quantities to investigate the combined effects of food quality and quantity. Our results show that the quality of food has an impact on the condition of lobster larvae even at very low food quantities. Food with a lower C:P content resulted in higher condition of the lobster larvae regardless of the quantity of food. These interacting effects of food quality and food quantity can have far reaching consequences for ecosystem productivity.

  10. Predation by the Dwarf Seahorse on Copepods: Quantifying Motion and Flows Using 3D High Speed Digital Holographic Cinematography - When Seahorses Attack!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemmell, Brad; Sheng, Jian; Buskey, Ed

    2008-11-01

    Copepods are an important planktonic food source for most of the world's fish species. This high predation pressure has led copepods to evolve an extremely effective escape response, with reaction times to hydrodynamic disturbances of less than 4 ms and escape speeds of over 500 body lengths per second. Using 3D high speed digital holographic cinematography (up to 2000 frames per second) we elucidate the role of entrainment flow fields generated by a natural visual predator, the dwarf seahorse (Hippocampus zosterae) during attacks on its prey, Acartia tonsa. Using phytoplankton as a tracer, we recorded and reconstructed 3D flow fields around the head of the seahorse and its prey during both successful and unsuccessful attacks to better understand how some attacks lead to capture with little or no detection from the copepod while others result in failed attacks. Attacks start with a slow approach to minimize the hydro-mechanical disturbance which is used by copepods to detect the approach of a potential predator. Successful attacks result in the seahorse using its pipette-like mouth to create suction faster than the copepod's response latency. As these characteristic scales of entrainment increase, a successful escape becomes more likely.

  11. Host-Specific and pH-Dependent Microbiomes of Copepods in an Extensive Rearing System.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alf Skovgaard

    Full Text Available Copepods are to an increasing extent cultivated as feed for mariculture fish larvae with variable production success. In the temperate climate zone, this production faces seasonal limitation due to changing abiotic factors, in particular temperature and light. Furthermore, the production of copepods may be influenced by biotic factors of the culture systems, such as competing microorganisms, harmful algae, or other eukaryotes and prokaryotes that may be non-beneficial for the copepods. In this study, the composition of bacteria associated with copepods was investigated in an extensive outdoor copepod production system. Light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed that bacteria were primarily found attached to the exoskeleton of copepods although a few bacteria were also found in the gut as well as internally in skeletal muscle tissue. Through 16S rRNA gene-targeted denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE analysis, a clear difference was found between the microbiomes of the two copepod species, Acartia tonsa and Centropages hamatus, present in the system. This pattern was corroborated through 454/FLX-based 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of copepod microbiomes, which furthermore showed that the abiotic parameters pH and oxygen concentration in rearing tank water were the key factors influencing composition of copepod microbiomes.

  12. Analisis Flypaper Effect Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Transfer Pemerintah Pusat, Dana Transfer Pemerintah Provinsi, Dan Belanja Daerah Terhadap Efisiensi Kinerja Keuangan Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten/Kota Jawa Barat (2012-2014)

    OpenAIRE

    Pratiwi, Peby Eldina

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to analyze Flypaper Effect in Local Own Revenue, Central government transfer funds, Provincial government transfer funds, and Regional Expenditure the efficiency of financial performance. This population gather empirical evidence. The population in this study is the district and town in the province of West Java period 2012-2014. In composing this skripsi, the author use associative causal research design. Sampling method used by the author ispurposive sampling. Data types us...

  13. Nota sobre o transporte de krill (euphausia superba Dana vivo da antártica para o Brasil Note on the transportation of a live krill (Euphausia superba Dana from Antartic to Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Ngan Phan

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available É apresentado nesta nota experimento sobre o transporte do krill vivo da Antartica para o Brasil, realizado durante a V Expedição Brasileira à Antártica, verão 1986-1987. O sistema de aquário utilizado e a mortalidade do krill em função do tempo e de outros eventos durante o experimento são descritos. A importância deste experimento para o desenvolvimento do estudo experimental do krill é discutida.In this note an experiment on transportation of alive krill from the Antarctica to Brazil during the V Brazilian Expedition to the Antarcticas austral summer 1986-198?3 was reported. The aquarium system and the krill mortality in function of time and other events dur-lng the experiment were described. The importance of this experiment for the development of experimental studies of krill was discussed.

  14. Written Corrective Feedback in L2 Writing: Connors & Lunsford (1988); Lunsford & Lunsford (2008); Lalande (1982) Dana Ferris

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferris, Dana

    2015-01-01

    Written corrective feedback (CF) has been the most heavily researched topic in second language (L2) writing over the past 20 years. As a recent research timeline article in this journal (Ferris 2012; see also Bitchener & Ferris 2012) shows, studies of error correction in student writing have crossed disciplines (composition and rhetoric,…

  15. Zooplankton biomass and abundance of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba DANA in Indian Ocean sector of the southern ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ingole, B.S.; Parulekar, A.H.

    Zooplankton sampling was carried out during the first six Indian Scientific Expeditions to Antarctica (1981-1987) to estimate krill abundance in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean (between 35 to 70 degrees S and 10 to 52 degrees E). This study...

  16. Respiratory, acid-base, and metabolic responses of the Christmas Island blue crab, Cardisoma hirtipes (Dana), during simulated environmental conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dela-Cruz, J; Morris, S

    1997-01-01

    The dependency of the Christmas Island blue crab, Cardisoma hirtipes, on fresh water for respiratory gas exchange and transport was investigated in laboratory simulations. The gas exchange rates of air-breathing C. hirtipes were similar to those of other land crabs but decreased to 20% in submerged crabs. Crabs with access to air maintained arterial and pulmonary O2 content (CO2) and partial pressure (PO2), while in submerged crabs the PO2 and CO2 rapidly decreased (by 50%). There was no anaerobiosis, but haemolymph glucose concentration and cardiac output decreased when crabs were submersed, which suggests a hypometabolic state. Submersion induced a metabolic rather than a respiratory alkalosis, and since respiratory gas exchange was low, CO2 excretion to water was unimportant. Cardisoma hirtipes haemocyanin (Hc) has high O2 affinity but low pH sensitivity, which facilitates O2 uptake from hypoxic environments. The high Hc-O2 affinity supports O2 loading but may prevent access to a venous O2 reserve. Calcium, magnesium, and urate, but not L-lactate, were effectors of Hc-O2 affinity. In submerged crabs increased circulating urate maintained haemolymph O2 content. The CO2 capacitance and nonbicarbonate buffering of the haemolymph were relatively low. A significant Haldane effect seemed important for CO2 excretion but would require CO2 and O2 exchange to occur at the same organ (gills or lungs). Submersion interferes with respiration and is not needed for haemolymph acid-base balance; thus; C. hirtipes is an air-breathing crab.

  17. Pengaruh Cash Turnover, Loan to Deposit Ratio, Capit al Adequacy Ratio, dan Dana Pihak Ketiga terhadap Profitabilitas LPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Cahyadi Sujana

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The  purpose of  this  study  was  to  determine  the  effect  of   cash  turnover ,  loan  to  deposit  ratio,   capi tal adequacyrat io,  and  third-party  funds  to  the profi tabil ity  of  Lembaga  Perkreditan  Desa  (LPD  in  Denpasar  2010-2012.Thi s study  used observasion  method is to study and look at the  financial statements of  the LPD  period 2010-2012  and  found  a  sample  of   34  LPD.  This  study  found  that  the  cash  turnover ,  loan  to  deposit  ratio  and  capi taladequacy  rat io  by  part ial  signi ficant  positive  effect  on  the  profitability  of  LPD  in  Denpasar  2010-2012.Meanwhile,  third-party funds  significant negat ive effect   on  the  profitabili ty of   LPD in Denpasar  2010-2012.

  18. Latest research results on the effects of nanomaterials on humans and the environment: DaNa - Knowledge Base Nanomaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquardt, C.; Kühnel, D.; Richter, V.; Krug, H. F.; Mathes, B.; Steinbach, C.; Nau, K.

    2013-04-01

    Nanotechnology is considered one of the key technologies of the 21st century. The success of this fascinating technology is based on its versatility. It will bring about fundamental changes of basic research as well as of many sectors of industry and also of daily life from electronics to the health care system. However, consumers often miss reliable and understandable information on nanomaterials and all aspects of this versatile technology. A huge body of data on the potential hazards of nanoobjects towards human and environmental health already exists, but is either not easily accessible for a broad audience or presented unprocessable for nonexperts. But risk communication is an essential and thus integral component of risk management. For that purpose, the DaNa-Project aims at filling this gap by collecting and evaluating scientific results in an interdisciplinary approach with scientists from different research areas, such as human and environmental toxicology, biology, physics, chemistry, and sociology. Research findings from the field of human and environmental nanotoxicology are being prepared and presented together with material properties and possible applications for interested laymen and stakeholders. For the evaluation of literature a "Literature Criteria Checklist" has been developed as well as a Standard Operation Procedure template (SOP) based on careful scientific practice.

  19. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD) Dan Dana Transfer Terhadap Belanja Modal Pada Pemerintahan Kabupaten/Kota Di Aceh

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Anggi Rezeki

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to examine the significant impact of Local Own Revenue (PAD), Government Transfer which consisting of General Alocation Funds (DAU), Tax Product Shared Fund, and Nature Resources Product Shared Fund toward capital expenditure in regency/city at Aceh Province. The research method that used in this research is causal research design, and with 23 regency/city as a sample for every year. The research is done for 2008 - 2010 period. This research utilizes sec...

  20. „30 dana što su potresli Bjelovar“ - Odbor Narodnog vijeća Bjelovara tokom studenog 1918. godine

    OpenAIRE

    Karaula, Željko

    2008-01-01

    Ovaj rad pokazuje na temelju arhivske građe i novina, te ostale literature kako su grad Bjelovar i okolica dočekali raspad Austro-Ugarske krajem 1918. godine, što je bio uzrok otvaranju mnogih nagomilanih političkih, društvenih i socijalnih problema što su stajali u „sjeni rata“. U tom vremenu „interregnuma“ kada su anarhija i kaotičnost u kombinaciji sa velikim zanosom i raspoloženjem bile prisutne u Hrvatskoj, one su i najbolji su prikaz okolnosti u kojima se stvarala nova Država Slovenaca, Hr...

  1. IMPLEMENTASI PENDISTRIBUSIAN DANA ZAKAT INFAQ DAN SHADAQAH (ZIS PERBANKAN SYARIAH UNTUK PEMBERDAYAAN USAHA KECIL MIKRO (UKM DI MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indah Yuliana

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the organization models of tithe, grant, and charity fund is fund organization of qardhul hasan in syariah banking. Its model organization is giving loan toward UKM without sharing outcome. This fund derives from cutting the tithe from official and employee of syariah bank beside from bank customer. Because it is grant fund that is purposed for even distribution of economy, so its allocation must give advantage for low society. This research directs its attention to organization of ZIS from syariah banking. Kind of this research is qualitative descriptive research. The data used is obtained from field through direct observation as primary data and uses information documented forming book, journal, and scientific paper or the research result as secondary data. The organization model and ZIS of syariah bank is conducted by cooperation between BMT and mosque. The distribution of ZIS fund has consumptive and productive characteristics. For productive characteristic is distributed toward small industry micro. Giving this fund is purposed for adding extra amount of modal in order to improve industry that has been pioneered. If the industry improves, the income will increase and furthermore it is hoped that who at first is mustahiq will change to be muzakki.

  2. Analisis Pengaruh Bauran Promosi Terhadap Dana Simpanan Produk Inovatif SHAR-E Nasabah Bank Muamalat Indonesia Cabang Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Barus, Enny Segarahati

    2011-01-01

    In the recent Global Crysis Era, development of syariah banking in Indonesia is generally decrease for collecting the public fund, Bank Muamalat Indonesia Medan Branch has facing the same problem as well, therefore they has a target to increase the ammount of the Innovative Product Shar-e, therefore, Bank Muamalat Indonesia should determine effective marketing promotion. The first problem formulation in this research is how far the affect of promotion mix to increase the ammount of the Innova...

  3. Pelaksanaan Perjanjian Pinjaman Dana Program Kemitraan Antara PT. Pelabuhan Indonesia I (Persero) Cabang Belawan Dengan Mitra Binaannya

    OpenAIRE

    Yusrizal, Muhammad

    2011-01-01

    A state owned company has an important role in organizing the national economy in order to realize the people's welfare. A state owned company has a strategic role in conducting the development of the private business and the Cooperative. The government has mandate the state owned company to participate in supporting the government to implement government’s policy that has been outlined in the regulations. This is a base principle to get the research to answer the question, how the partnershi...

  4. Pengaruh Dana Alokasi Khusus Bidang Pendidikan Dan Kesehatan Terhadap Kemiskinan Di Kabupaten/Kota Provinsi Sumatera Utara

    OpenAIRE

    Barus, Satria Bintoro

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to find out and to analyze whether Special Alocation Fund which concentrate to education sector and health sector influence to the poverty in North Sumatera province. The analyze method that is used in this research is quantitative method with multiple linear regression with classical assumption test before finding out the best linear model. The variable used in this research are Special Alocation Fund education sector, Special Alocation Fund health secto...

  5. Latest research results on the effects of nanomaterials on humans and the environment: DaNa – Knowledge Base Nanomaterials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nanotechnology is considered one of the key technologies of the 21st century. The success of this fascinating technology is based on its versatility. It will bring about fundamental changes of basic research as well as of many sectors of industry and also of daily life from electronics to the health care system. However, consumers often miss reliable and understandable information on nanomaterials and all aspects of this versatile technology. A huge body of data on the potential hazards of nanoobjects towards human and environmental health already exists, but is either not easily accessible for a broad audience or presented unprocessable for nonexperts. But risk communication is an essential and thus integral component of risk management. For that purpose, the DaNa-Project aims at filling this gap by collecting and evaluating scientific results in an interdisciplinary approach with scientists from different research areas, such as human and environmental toxicology, biology, physics, chemistry, and sociology. Research findings from the field of human and environmental nanotoxicology are being prepared and presented together with material properties and possible applications for interested laymen and stakeholders. For the evaluation of literature a 'Literature Criteria Checklist' has been developed as well as a Standard Operation Procedure template (SOP) based on careful scientific practice.

  6. Effect of Elevated Carbon Dioxide on Two Scleractinian Corals: Porites cylindrica (Dana, 1846 and Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yii-Siang Hii

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study reveals the effect of elevated pCO2 on Porites cylindrica and Galaxea fascicularis. The corals responded differently under elevated pCO2. Zooxanthellae cell density, cell mitotic index, and photosynthesis rate of P. cylindrica decreased drastically under the elevated pCO2. At the end of the experiment, P. cylindrica suffered from a declining calcium carbonate precipitation rate. G. fascicularis increased its respiration rate and expelled 71% of its symbiotic zooxanthellae algae under elevated pCO2. Photosynthetic pigments in the remaining zooxanthellae algae increased from 1.85 to 11.5 times to sustain its photosynthetic outputs. At the end of the experiment, G. fascicularis managed to increase the rate of its calcium carbonate precipitation. Increase pCO2 in the atmosphere may affect species diversity of coral reefs.

  7. socialno starševstvo kot širitev koncepta starševstva v današnjem svetu

    OpenAIRE

    Zaviršek, Darja

    2015-01-01

    Social parenthood is a social relation, social cathegory, and a concept which due to changes in people's everyday life has gained scientific attention. The concept of social parenthood stands in opposition to the biological parenthood and challenges the assumption that parenthood refers to kinship.Parenthood hasnever been exclusively based on biological relations. Social parenthood refers to children and adults that are not related by blood. In Slovenia, parenthood is taken to equal consangui...

  8. Biochemical and toxicological effects of organic (herbicide Primextra(®) Gold TZ) and inorganic (copper) compounds on zooplankton and phytoplankton species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filimonova, Valentina; Gonçalves, Fernando; Marques, João C; De Troch, Marleen; Gonçalves, Ana M M

    2016-08-01

    In Europe, mainly in the Mediterranean region, an intensive usage of pesticides was recorded during the past 30 years. According to information from agricultural cooperatives of the Mondego valley (Figueira da Foz, Portugal), Primextra(®) Gold TZ is the most used herbicide in corn crop fields and one of the 20 best-selling herbicides in Portugal. Copper is mainly used in pesticide formulations. This study aims to determine the ecotoxicological and biochemical (namely fatty acid profiles) effects of the herbicide Primextra(®) Gold TZ and the metal copper on marine plankton. The organisms used in this study are three planktonic species: the marine diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii, the estuarine copepod Acartia tonsa and nauplii of the marine brine shrimp Artemia franciscana. Fatty acids (FAs) are one of the most important molecules transferred across the plant-animal interface in aquatic food webs and can be used as good indicators of stress. The conducted lab incubations show that T. weissflogii is the most sensitive species to the herbicide followed by A. tonsa (EC50=0.0078mg/L and EC50=0.925mg/L, respectively), whereas the copepod was the most sensitive species to the metal followed by T. weissflogii (EC50=0.234mg/L and EC50=0.383mg/L, respectively). A. franciscana was the most tolerant organism both to the herbicide and to the metal (EC50=20.35mg/L and EC50=18.93mg/L, respectively). Changes in the FA profiles of primary producer and primary consumers were observed, with the increase of saturated FA and decrease of unsaturated FA contents, especially of highly unsaturated FAs that can be obtained mainly from food and therefore are referred to as 'essential FA'. The study suggests that discharges of Primextra(®) Gold TZ or other pesticides mainly composed by copper may be a threat to plankton populations causing changes in the FA contents and thus in their nutritive value, with severe repercussions for higher trophic levels and thus the entire food web. PMID

  9. Descriptions of Acartia (Euacartia) southwelli Sewell 1914 and A. (Euacartia) sarojus n.sp. from India and status of the subgenus Euacartia Steuer 1923

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Madhupratap, M.; Haridas, P.

    stream_size 8 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Hydrobiologia_292-293_67.pdf.txt stream_source_info Hydrobiologia_292-293_67.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  10. How much crude oil can zooplankton ingest? Estimating the quantity of dispersed crude oil defecated by planktonic copepods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Connelly, Tara L; Buskey, Edward J

    2016-01-01

    We investigated and quantified defecation rates of crude oil by 3 species of marine planktonic copepods (Temora turbinata, Acartia tonsa, and Parvocalanus crassirostris) and a natural copepod assemblage after exposure to mechanically or chemically dispersed crude oil. Between 88 and 100% of the analyzed fecal pellets from three species of copepods and a natural copepod assemblage exposed for 48 h to physically or chemically dispersed light crude oil contained crude oil droplets. Crude oil droplets inside fecal pellets were smaller (median diameter: 2.4-3.5 μm) than droplets in the physically and chemically dispersed oil emulsions (median diameter: 6.6 and 8.0 μm, respectively). This suggests that copepods can reject large crude oil droplets or that crude oil droplets are broken into smaller oil droplets before or during ingestion. Depending on the species and experimental treatments, crude oil defecation rates ranged from 5.3 to 245 ng-oil copepod(-1) d(-1), which represent a mean weight-specific defecation rate of 0.026 μg-oil μg-Ccopepod(1) d(-1). Considering a dispersed crude oil concentration commonly found in the water column after oil spills (1 μl L(-1)) and copepod abundances in high productive coastal areas, copepods may defecate ∼ 1.3-2.6 mg-oil m(-3) d(-1), which would represent ∼ 0.15%-0.30% of the total dispersed oil per day. Our results indicate that ingestion and subsequent defecation of crude oil by planktonic copepods has a small influence on the overall mass of oil spills in the short term, but may be quantitatively important in the flux of oil from surface water to sediments and in the transfer of low-solubility, toxic petroleum hydrocarbons into food webs after crude oil spills in the sea. PMID:26586632

  11. Feast or flee: bioelectrical regulation of feeding and predator evasion behaviors in the planktonic alveolate Favella sp. (Spirotrichia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Echevarria, Michael L; Wolfe, Gordon V; Taylor, Alison R

    2016-02-01

    Alveolate (ciliates and dinoflagellates) grazers are integral components of the marine food web and must therefore be able to sense a range of mechanical and chemical signals produced by prey and predators, integrating them via signal transduction mechanisms to respond with effective prey capture and predator evasion behaviors. However, the sensory biology of alveolate grazers is poorly understood. Using novel techniques that combine electrophysiological measurements and high-speed videomicroscopy, we investigated the sensory biology of Favella sp., a model alveolate grazer, in the context of its trophic ecology. Favella sp. produced frequent rhythmic depolarizations (∼500 ms long) that caused backward swimming and are responsible for endogenous swimming patterns relevant to foraging. Contact of both prey cells and non-prey polystyrene microspheres at the cilia produced immediate mechanostimulated depolarizations (∼500 ms long) that caused backward swimming, and likely underlie aggregative swimming patterns of Favella sp. in response to patches of prey. Contact of particles at the peristomal cavity that were not suitable for ingestion resulted in depolarizations after a lag of ∼600 ms, allowing time for particles to be processed before rejection. Ingestion of preferred prey particles was accompanied by transient hyperpolarizations (∼1 s) that likely regulate this step of the feeding process. Predation attempts by the copepod Acartia tonsa elicited fast (∼20 ms) animal-like action potentials accompanied by rapid contraction of the cell to avoid predation. We have shown that the sensory mechanisms of Favella sp. are finely tuned to the type, location, and intensity of stimuli from prey and predators. PMID:26567352

  12. Methyl mercury uptake by diverse marine phytoplankton and trophic transfer to zooplankton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, C. S.; Fisher, N. S.

    2014-12-01

    While it is well known that methylmercury (MeHg) biomagnifies in aquatic food chains, few studies have quantified its bioaccumulation in marine phytoplankton from seawater, even though that is overwhelmingly the largest bioaccumulation step. Aquatic animals acquire MeHg mainly from dietary exposure and it is important to evaluate the bioaccumulation of this compound in planktonic organisms that form the base of marine food webs. We used a gamma-emitting radioisotope, 203Hg, to assess the rate and extent of MeHg uptake in marine diatoms, dinoflagellates, coccolithophores, cryptophytes chlorophytes, and cyanobacteria held in unialgal cultures under varying temperature and light conditions. For experimental conditions in which the dissolved MeHg was at 300 pM, the uptake rates in all species ranged from 0.004 to 0.75 amol Hg μm-3 cell volume d-1 and reached steady state within 2 d. Volume concentration factors (VCFs) ranged from 0.4 to 60 x 105 for the different species. Temperature and light conditions had no direct effect on cellular MeHg uptake but ultimately affected growth of the cells, resulting in greater suspended particulate matter and associated MeHg. VCFs strongly correlated with cell surface area to volume ratios in all species. Assimilation efficiencies of MeHg from phytoplankton food (Thalassiosira pseudonana, Dunaliella tertiolecta and Rhodomonas salina) in a marine copepod grazer (Acartia tonsa) ranged from 74 to 92%, directly proportional to the cytoplasmic partitioning of MeHg in the phytoplankton cells. MeHg uptake in copepods from the aqueous phase was low and modeling shows that nearly all the MeHg acquired by this zooplankter is from diet. Herbivorous zooplankton can be an important link from phytoplankton at the base of the food web to fish higher in the food chain.

  13. The reaction of European lobster larvae (Homarus gammarus) to different quality food: effects of ontogenetic shifts and pre-feeding history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoo, Katherina L; Aberle, Nicole; Malzahn, Arne M; Schmalenbach, Isabel; Boersma, Maarten

    2014-02-01

    Young larval stages of many organisms represent bottlenecks in the life-history of many species. The high mortality commonly observed in, for example, decapod larvae has often been linked to poor nutrition, with most studies focussing on food quantity. Here, we focus instead on the effects of quality and have investigated its effects on the nutritional condition of lobster larvae. We established a tri-trophic food chain consisting of the cryptophyte Rhodomonas salina, the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa and larvae of the European lobster Homarus gammarus. In a set of experiments, we manipulated the C:N:P stoichiometry of the primary producers, and accordingly those of the primary consumer. In a first experiment, R. salina was grown under N- and P-limitation and the nutrient content of the algae was manipulated by addition of the limiting nutrient to create a food quality gradient. In a second experiment, the effect on lobster larvae of long- and short-term exposure to food of varying quality during ontogenetic development was investigated. The condition of the lobster larvae was negatively affected even by subtle N- and P-nutrient limitations of the algae. Furthermore, younger lobster larvae were more vulnerable to nutrient limitation than older ones, suggesting an ontogenetic shift in the capacity of lobster larvae to cope with low quality food. The results presented here might have substantial consequences for the survival of lobster larvae in the field, as, in the light of future climate change and re-oligotrophication of the North Sea, lobster larvae might face marked changes in temperature and nutrient conditions, thus significantly altering their condition and growth. PMID:24072442

  14. The kinematics of swimming and relocation jumps in copepod nauplii.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Marc Andersen Borg

    Full Text Available Copepod nauplii move in a world dominated by viscosity. Their swimming-by-jumping propulsion mode, with alternating power and recovery strokes of three pairs of cephalic appendages, is fundamentally different from the way other microplankters move. Protozoans move using cilia or flagella, and copepodites are equipped with highly specialized swimming legs. In some species the nauplius may also propel itself more slowly through the water by beating and rotating the appendages in a different, more complex pattern. We use high-speed video to describe jumping and swimming in nauplii of three species of pelagic copepods: Temora longicornis, Oithona davisae and Acartia tonsa. The kinematics of jumping is similar between the three species. Jumps result in a very erratic translation with no phase of passive coasting and the nauplii move backwards during recovery strokes. This is due to poorly synchronized recovery strokes and a low beat frequency relative to the coasting time scale. For the same reason, the propulsion efficiency of the nauplii is low. Given the universality of the nauplius body plan, it is surprising that they seem to be inefficient when jumping, which is different from the very efficient larger copepodites. A slow-swimming mode is only displayed by T. longicornis. In this mode, beating of the appendages results in the creation of a strong feeding current that is about 10 times faster than the average translation speed of the nauplius. The nauplius is thus essentially hovering when feeding, which results in a higher feeding efficiency than that of a nauplius cruising through the water.

  15. How much crude oil can zooplankton ingest? Estimating the quantity of dispersed crude oil defecated by planktonic copepods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Connelly, Tara L; Buskey, Edward J

    2016-01-01

    We investigated and quantified defecation rates of crude oil by 3 species of marine planktonic copepods (Temora turbinata, Acartia tonsa, and Parvocalanus crassirostris) and a natural copepod assemblage after exposure to mechanically or chemically dispersed crude oil. Between 88 and 100% of the analyzed fecal pellets from three species of copepods and a natural copepod assemblage exposed for 48 h to physically or chemically dispersed light crude oil contained crude oil droplets. Crude oil droplets inside fecal pellets were smaller (median diameter: 2.4-3.5 μm) than droplets in the physically and chemically dispersed oil emulsions (median diameter: 6.6 and 8.0 μm, respectively). This suggests that copepods can reject large crude oil droplets or that crude oil droplets are broken into smaller oil droplets before or during ingestion. Depending on the species and experimental treatments, crude oil defecation rates ranged from 5.3 to 245 ng-oil copepod(-1) d(-1), which represent a mean weight-specific defecation rate of 0.026 μg-oil μg-Ccopepod(1) d(-1). Considering a dispersed crude oil concentration commonly found in the water column after oil spills (1 μl L(-1)) and copepod abundances in high productive coastal areas, copepods may defecate ∼ 1.3-2.6 mg-oil m(-3) d(-1), which would represent ∼ 0.15%-0.30% of the total dispersed oil per day. Our results indicate that ingestion and subsequent defecation of crude oil by planktonic copepods has a small influence on the overall mass of oil spills in the short term, but may be quantitatively important in the flux of oil from surface water to sediments and in the transfer of low-solubility, toxic petroleum hydrocarbons into food webs after crude oil spills in the sea.

  16. Sample variability of zooplankton in the nearshore off Louisiana with consideration of sampling design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Chul; Wormuth, John H.; Wolff, Gary A.

    1989-02-01

    Variability in zooplankton samples was examined to identify a proper sampling design for unbiased estimates of zooplankton abundances. Samples were selected in the nearshore about 16 km south of Louisiana during one night and 2 days in October 1985 using a 1 m 2 multiple Opening/Closing net and Environmental Sensing System fitted with 0.333 mm mesh nets. Data obtained from 21 tows of three different tow lengths at mid depth (about 5 m, water depth 10 m) were analysed. There seemed to be different patterns of vertical migration and these vertical migrations were shown to explain about 75% of total sample variability in the study area. These were: usual vertical migration ( Centropages velificatus, Chaetognatha, Eucalanus spp., Phialidium spp., Paracalanus spp. and Temora turbinata), weak vertical migration with elapsed phase (Doliolida A and Oikopleura spp.), and reversed vertical migration ( Acartia tonsa). The relationship between mean abundances and tow distance was weak, but the variance of the abundance estimates showed an exponentially decreasing trend with an increase of tow distance when populations were at their maximum, probably due to vertical migration. From nonlinear regression analyses with the model (variance)= A + B e c(tow distance), the minimum tow distance that would provide a stabilized variance of abundance estimate was determined. It varied among taxa from 43 to 140 m with an average of 80 m. Vertically stratified sampling with a minimum tow distance of about 140 m is suggested as a proper sampling scheme for the unbiased estimation of abundances in a nearshore environment like the sampling site of this study.

  17. ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES (OCS) AND POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBS) IN SEDIMENTS AND CRABS (Chasmagnathus granulata, DANA, 1851) FROM MANGROVES OF GUANABARA BAY, RIO DE JANEIRO STATE, BRAZIL

    OpenAIRE

    de Souza, Alexandre Santos; Torres, João Paulo Machado; Meire, Rodrigo Ornellas; Neves, Rafael Curcio; Couri, Márcia Souto; Serejo, Cristiana Silveira

    2008-01-01

    Organochlorinated compounds, seven indicator PCB congeners, DDT and its main metabolites, were determined in sediment and crab (Chasmagnathus granulata) samples collected from mangrove areas near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Samples were analysed according to the FAO/SIDA protocols using continuous non-polar solvent extraction and a conventional GC-ECD apparatus. The highest levels of total PCB congeners and total DDT metabolites in sediments (184.16 and 37.40 ng.g−1d.w. respectively) and crab egg...

  18. Slika Krista. Teološko-umjetnički uvid u sliku Isusa Krista od njenih početaka do danas

    OpenAIRE

    REBIĆ, Adalbert

    2005-01-01

    U članku teološki analiziramo sliku Krista kroz povijest sa svim svojim stilskim i teološkim pomacima, s duhovnim stremljenjima pojedinih epoha povijesti. U najranije doba, u III. i IV. stoljeću, Krista prikazuju najprije simbolima ribe, vinove vitice, janjeta i slično, potom preuzimajući elemente iz grčko-rimskoga svijeta slikaju Krista u slici boga Sunca, pa u slici dobroga pastira. Stilske izmjene i ikonografske preobrazbe slike Krista kroz povijest kršćanstva, osobito kroz srednji vijek, ...

  19. Analisis Pengaruh Dana Pihak Ketiga, Capital Adequacy Ratio, Non Performing Loan, Loan to Deposit Ratio, dan Return on Asset terhadap Penyaluran Kredit Bank Pembangunan Daerah di Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Giovanny, Aditya

    2015-01-01

    The formula of problem in this research is: Do the Third Party Funds (TPF), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Non Performing Loan (NPL), Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR), and Return on Asset (ROA) influence on Credit Distributions Bank Pembangunan Daerah in Indonesia. This research aimed to know and analyze the effect of Third Party Funds (TPF), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Non Performing Loan (NPL), Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR), and Return on Asset (ROA) of the Credit Distributions at Bank Pembanguna...

  20. Dana Cole, Georgia Division of Public Health, Notifiable Disease Section, Department of Human Resources, 2 Peachtree Free-living Canada Geese and Antimicrobial Resistance

    OpenAIRE

    Cole, Dana; Drum, David J.V.; Stallknecht, David E.; White, David G.; Lee, Margie D.; Ayers, Sherry; Sobsey, Mark; Maurer, John J

    2005-01-01

    We describe antimicrobial resistance among Escherichia coli isolated from free-living Canada Geese in Georgia and North Carolina (USA). Resistance patterns are compared to those reported by the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System. Canada Geese may be vectors of antimicrobial resistance and resistance genes in agricultural environments.

  1. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: A test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Penha-Lopes, G.; Torres, P.; Cannicci, S.;

    2011-01-01

    Tropical coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, have a great ecological and socioeconomic importance for adjacent systems and local populations, but intensive environmental impact monitoring is still lacking, mainly in East Africa. This study evaluated the potential anthropogenic disturbance...... on Palaemon concinnus population structure and fitness. Palaemon concinnus populations from one pen-urban (domestic sewage impacted) and two pristine mangrove creeks were studied by sampling nearly 100 shrimps per location every 15 days for 12 months. The shrimps at the pen-urban location were larger......, experienced longer reproductive periods, presented higher proportion of ovigerous females and better embryo quality when compared with shrimps inhabiting pristine locations. Physiological indices (RNA/DNA ratio) were similar between shrimps at pristine and pen-urban mangroves. However, a higher level...

  2. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: A test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penha-Lopes, Gil, E-mail: gil.penha-lopes@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark); Torres, Paulo, E-mail: biol.paulo@gmail.co [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Cannicci, Stefano, E-mail: stefano.cannicci@unifi.i [Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, via Romana 17, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Narciso, Luis, E-mail: lfnarciso@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Paula, Jose, E-mail: jppaula@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal)

    2011-02-15

    Tropical coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, have a great ecological and socioeconomic importance for adjacent systems and local populations, but intensive environmental impact monitoring is still lacking, mainly in East Africa. This study evaluated the potential anthropogenic disturbance on Palaemon concinnus population structure and fitness. Palaemon concinnus populations from one peri-urban (domestic sewage impacted) and two pristine mangrove creeks were studied by sampling nearly 100 shrimps per location every 15 days for 12 months. The shrimps at the peri-urban location were larger, experienced longer reproductive periods, presented higher proportion of ovigerous females and better embryo quality when compared with shrimps inhabiting pristine locations. Physiological indices (RNA/DNA ratio) were similar between shrimps at pristine and peri-urban mangroves. However, a higher level of parasitation by a Bopyridae isopod, Pseudione elongata indicated some degree of stress on the host at the peri-urban mangrove, with potential effects on the host population dynamics. -Research highlights: Domestic sewage discharges at low concentrations increase fauna mangrove population parameters, due to the nutrient limitations. Shrimps in the peri-urban mangrove location were larger, had longer reproductive periods, higher ovigerous females proportions and better embryo. Physiological indice analysis (RNA/DNA ratio) between pristine and peri-urban mangroves. Within the peri-urban mangrove, high levels of parasitation by Pseudionee longata caused stress and potential effects on the host population dynamics. The effects of sewage on P. concinnus population increased the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal water. - The identification of the effects of the peri-urban conditions on P. concinnus increases the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal waters.

  3. Directional wave and temperature data from thirteen buoys at San Nicolas Island, Dana Point and Oceanside, CA, 1997-2002 (NODC Accession 0000774)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) is an extensive network for monitoring waves along the coastlines of the United States, with a strong emphasis on our...

  4. Directional wave and temperature data from three buoys at San Nicolas Island, San Pedro and Dana Point, CA, January 2002 - June 2003 (NODC Accession 0001064)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) is an extensive network for monitoring waves along the coastlines of the United States, with a strong emphasis on our...

  5. Svijest o grešnosti kod današnjih mladih. Sociološki i pastoralno-katehetski vid

    OpenAIRE

    MANDARIĆ, Valentina

    2001-01-01

    U oblikovanju identiteta i usvajanju temeljnih vrednota kod mladog čovjeka važnu ulogu ima socio-kulturološki ambijent. U ovom članku riječ je o temeljnim odrednicama duhovno-kulturnog obzorja koji oblikuje životno iskustvo mladih. Pritom se ističe da prenaglašeni subjektivizam, afektivni, intelektualni i duhovni nomadizam, konzumizam, hedonizam i krivo poimanje slobode imaju u tom procesu najjači utjecaj. Mladi odrastaju u etički neutralnom društvu koje je u cjelini obil...

  6. Politička ekonomija reformiranja samoupravnog socijalizma – od europeizacije Jugoslavije do balkanizacije današnjeg EU-a

    OpenAIRE

    Kovač, Bogomir

    2012-01-01

    Šezdesete godine XX. stoljeća znače kraj europskog zlatnog doba poslijeratnog razvoja, a socijalističke ekonomije, premda nedovoljno spremne za prilagođavanje novim situacijama, počinju s ekonomskim reformama. Jugoslavenska savezna vlast najavila je ekonomske reforme 1961. i 1965. koje označavaju najbolji program reformi i modernizacije u institucionalnom razvoju socijalističke Jugoslavije. Samoupravni se sistem bazirao na premisama da državna kontrola ekonomije i državno pl...

  7. Makedonsko-srpski odnosi i veze u sjevernom makedonskom graničnom području od oslobođenja do danas

    OpenAIRE

    Dimitrijevski, Marjan

    2007-01-01

    The Northern border of Macedonia has always been important, according to its relevance in defining borders with Northern neighbors: Republic of Serbia and Kosovo and Metohija. Several key elements have been defining the border line between Macedonia and Northern neighbors. The first factor is the difficulty which comes with the problem of defining the national system of people who live near the border itself and according to which the border had been and is defined. So, according to thi...

  8. Pengaruh Dana Alokasi Umum, Pendapatan Asli Daerah, dan Belanja Modal Terhadap Pendapatan Perkapita Pada Kabupaten dan Kota di Provinsi Sumatera Barat

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Sabar

    2016-01-01

    This study analyzed the influence region government expense and Local Own Revenue to Capita Revenue in regency Government at West Sumatera Province. The method of this minithesis that used in this research is causal research design, and with 18 regency/ city as a sample for every year from 19 regency/ city at West Sumatera Province. This research is done for 2009-2013 period. This research utilizes secondary data. The data are taken from Government Statistic Center of West Sumatera . The data...

  9. Zooplankton studies with special reference to krill Euphausia superba Dana from fishing area 58 of Indian Ocean sector in Southern Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rathod, V.

    Distribution, abundance and species composition of zooplankton collected during the First Indian Antarctic Krill Expedition were studied. Zooplankton biomass values ranged from 9.79 to 303.62 ml 100 m sup(–3) (x bar = 142.14 plus or minus 77...

  10. Današnji trendovi kriminala u svezi sa zloporabom droga i važne karakteristike kriminalističko-metodičkog pristupa u suzbijanju

    OpenAIRE

    Klarić, Dubravko

    2009-01-01

    U širokom spektru problema koji se pojavljuju vezano uz sociopatološku pojavu zloporabe droga, jedan od najvažnijih je kriminal u svezi sa zlopora¬bom droga, u različitim pratećim oblicima primarni, sekundarni i tercijarni, koje treba kriminalistički prepoznavati ali isto tako u suzbijanju gledati kao nerazdvojnu cjelinu zloporabe droge. Svi ti oblici imaju dijalektičnost, među¬sobnu povezanost, komplementarnost, kako u počinjenju, karakteristikama počinitelja tako i štetnim posljedicama po d...

  11. PENINGKATAN PARTISIPASI DAN KETERAMPILAN SISWA MELALUI MODEL THINK PAIR SHARE PADA KOMPETENSI DASAR MEMBUKUKAN MUTASI DAN SELISIH DANA KAS KECIL DI SMK BHAKTI PERSADA KENDAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahibah Lana In Ma

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas XI Administrasi Perkantoran SMK Bhakti Persada Kendal. Rancangan penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan tiga siklus, dimana setiap siklus meliputi perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode tes, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Metode analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan analisis deskriptif..Hasil penelitian pada siklus I menunjukkan partisipasi siswa sebesar 65,50% dalam kategori cukup partisipatif, keterampilan siswa sebesar 68,38% dalam kategori cukup terampil, ketuntasan klasikal 65,50% dengan rata-rata hasil belajar 73,25. Untuk hasil penelitian siklus II menunjukkan partisipasi siswa sebesar 69% , keterampilan siswa sebesar 73,30%, ketuntasan klasikal 61,29%, menunjukkan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 79,96. Untuk hasil penelitian siklus III menunjukkan partisipasi siswa sebesar 82,87%, keterampilan siswa sebesar 82,01%, ketuntasan klasikal 77,41% dengan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 79,48. The subjects were students of class XI Administrative SMK Bhakti Persada Kendal. The design of this study is a class action with three cycles, where each cycle includes planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. Data collection methods used in this research is the method of testing, observation, and documentation. Data collection methods used in this research is the method of testing, observation, and documentation. Methods of data analysis in this research using descriptive analysis. The results of the study in the first cycle shows student participation of 65.50 % in the category of participatory enough, the skills students 68,38% in the category of skilled enoug, classical completeness 65.50% with an average of 73.25 learning outcomes. For the second cycle study results showed a 69% student participation, student skills at 73.30, 61.29% classical completeness, showed an average of 79.96 students' learning outcomes. For the results of the third cycle studies show student participation by 82.87%, 82.01% of the students skills, classical completeness 77.41% with an average of 79.48 students' learning outcomes.

  12. The chronic toxicity of molybdate to marine organisms. I. Generating reliable effects data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A scientific research program was initiated by the International Molybdenum Association (IMOA) which addressed identified gaps in the environmental toxicity data for the molybdate ion (MoO42−). These gaps were previously identified during the preparation of EU-REACH-dossiers for different molybdenum compounds (European Union regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances; EC, 2006). Evaluation of the open literature identified few reliable marine ecotoxicological data that could be used for deriving a Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) for the marine environment. Rather than calculating a PNECmarine using the assessment factor methodology on a combined freshwater/marine dataset, IMOA decided to generate sufficient reliable marine chronic data to permit derivation of a PNEC by means of the more scientifically robust species sensitivity distribution (SSD) approach (also called the statistical extrapolation approach). Nine test species were chronically exposed to molybdate (added as sodium molybdate dihydrate, Na2MoO4·2H2O) according to published standard testing guidelines that are acceptable for a broad range of regulatory purposes. The selected test organisms were representative for typical marine trophic levels: micro-algae/diatom (Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Dunaliella tertiolecta), macro-alga (Ceramium tenuicorne), mysids (Americamysis bahia), copepod (Acartia tonsa), fish (Cyprinodon variegatus), echinoderms (Dendraster exentricus, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) and molluscs (Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas). Available NOEC/EC10 levels ranged between 4.4 mg Mo/L (blue mussel M. edulis) and 1174 mg Mo/L (oyster C. gigas). Using all available reliable marine chronic effects data that are currently available, a HC5,50% (median hazardous concentration affecting 5% of the species) of 5.74 (mg Mo)/L was derived with the statistical extrapolation approach, a value that can be used for national and international

  13. 77 FR 103 - JD Products, LLC; Notice of Intent To File License Application, Filing of Pre-Application...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) will be required. Nevertheless, this meeting will satisfy the... Suites by Hilton Hotel Doheny Beach--Dana Point, 34402 Pacific Coast Highway, Dana Point, California... p.m. Location: DoubleTree Suites by Hilton Hotel Doheny Beach--Dana Point, 34402 Pacific...

  14. Multibeam collection for DANA06RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2004-02-09 to 2004-03-09, departing from Puerto Caldera, Costa Rica and returning to Mazatlan, Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  15. Pengaruh Dana Moneter Internasional (IMF) Dalam Kebijakan Ekonomi Politik Indonesia Pada Era Orde Baru (Studi Kasus Pada Keputusan Menteri Perindustrian dan Perdagangan No. 402 tahun 1997 Tentang Ketentuan Perizinan Usaha Perwakilan Perusahaan Perdagangan Asing)

    OpenAIRE

    Manurung, Astri Natalia

    2013-01-01

    As an International organization, IMF would have a role and a purpose for Indonesia to help the economic crisis in the era of the new order government. IMF helped with condition that must be fulfilled by the government of Indonesia in a accordance with the rules applicable in the organization. The terms eventually related to the politics economic policy in Indonesia. The policy of Kepmenperindag no. 402/1997 on bussines licensing provisions of foreign trade reprensentatives is a policy made ...

  16. RESTRUKTURISASI PENGELOLAAN DANA PROGRAM KEMITRAAN DAN BINA LINGKUNGAN OLEH BADAN USAHA MILIK NEGARA DALAM RANGKA OPTIMALISASI PELAKSANAAN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Studi Kasus Pada PT. (Persero) Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan & Ratu Boko

    OpenAIRE

    Indarjaya, Prima Bagus

    2014-01-01

    This research on the Restructuring of fund management of the Partnership and Community Development Program by State Owned Enterprises in Optimizing the Implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility is a normative research. This research is aimed at identifying the implementation of the Partnership and Community Development Program at PT. (Persero) Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan & Ratu and evaluating the implementation of the Partnership and Community Development Program through a...

  17. Multibeam collection for DANA01RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2003-09-27 to 2003-10-09, departing from San Diego, CA and returning to Puerto Caldera, Costa Rica

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  18. Multibeam collection for DANA02RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2003-10-10 to 2003-11-06, departing from Puntarenas, Costa Rica and returning to Manta, Ecuador

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  19. Reply to "Comment on 'Cosmic-ray-driven reaction and greenhouse effect of halogenated molecules: Culprits for atmospheric ozone depletion and global climate change' by Dana Nuccitelli et al."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Q.-B.

    2014-04-01

    In the Comment by Nuccitelli et al., they make many false and invalid criticisms of the CFC-warming theory in my recent paper, and claim that their anthropogenic forcings including CO2 would provide a better explanation of the observed global mean surface temperature (GMST) data over the past 50 years. First, their arguments for no significant discrepancy between modeled and observed GMST changes and for no pause in recent global warming contradict the widely accepted fact and conclusion that were reported in the recent literature extensively. Second, their criticism that the key data used in my recent paper would be "outdated" and "flawed" is untrue as these data are still used in the recent or current literature including the newest (2013) IPCC Report and there is no considerable difference between the UK Met Office HadRCUT3 and HadRCUT4 GMST datasets. The use of even more recently computer-reconstructed total solar irradiance data (whatever have large uncertainties) for the period prior to 1976 would not change any of the conclusions in my paper, where quantitative analyses were emphasized on the influences of humans and the Sun on global surface temperature after 1970 when direct measurements became available. For the latter, the solar effect has been well shown to play only a negligible role in global surface temperature change since 1970, which is identical to the conclusion made in the 2013 IPCC Report. Third, their argument that the solar effect would not play a major role in the GMST rise of 0.2°C during 1850-1970 even contradicts the data and conclusion presented in a recent paper published in their Skeptical Science by Nuccitelli himself. Fourth, their comments also indicate their lack of understandings of the basic radiation physics of the Earth system as well as of the efficacies of different greenhouse gases in affecting global surface temperature. Their listed "methodological errors" are either trivial or non-existing. Fifth, their assertion that "the climate system takes centuries to millennia to fully equilibrate" is lack of scientific basis. Finally, their model calculations including an additional fitting parameter do not reduce the discrepancy with observed GMST data even after their adjustments. Instead, their modeled results give a sharp GMST rise over the past 16 years, which obviously disagrees with the observed data.

  20. Reply to "Comment on: Structure, transport, and vertical coherence of the Gulf Stream from the Straits of Florida to the Southeast Newfoundland Ridge, by Meinen and Luther" by Dana K. Savidge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meinen, Christopher S.; Luther, Douglas S.

    2016-06-01

    Savidge (2016) raises a concern about how the spatial averaging embodied in our Gulf Stream analysis of vertical coherence (Meinen and Luther, 2016) might contribute to the low coherence found. This response addresses the concerns raised in the Savidge (2016) short comment.

  1. Multibeam collection for DANA07RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2004-03-11 to 2004-04-01, departing from Mazatlan, Mexico and returning to San Diego, CA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  2. Re-description of Phymactis papillosa (Lesson, 1830) and Phymanthea pluvia (Drayton in Dana, 1846) (Cnidaria: Anthozoa), two common actiniid sea anemones from the south east Pacific with a discussion of related genera

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Häussermann, V.

    2004-01-01

    Actiniid sea anemones possess few characteristics of taxonomic value, which makes columnar outgrowths one of the most important features for systematic work. There are two species of actiniid sea anemones known from Chile and southern Peru that exhibit a column densely covered with non-adhesive vesi

  3. Finns det någon list med digitala tavlor? : En kvalitativ studie av översiktstavlor inom agila projekt och förutsättningar för digitala sådana

    OpenAIRE

    Olofsson, Mårten; Uddbom, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    This paper is about the use of task boards in agile system development projects. The main focus is on how digitalized versions of the task board can be of assistance during the development process. Our investigation is based on qualitative studies, with system developers of various backgrounds and professional roles, along with studies of relevant literature. The main results are that a digitized version of the task board can increase awareness for the team and be of major importance if it is...

  4. Multibeam collection for DANA03RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2003-11-10 to 2003-11-26, departing from Manta, Ecuador and returning to Arica, Chile

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  5. An Overview of Ecological Processes in the Rio de la Plata Estuary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acha, M.; Mianzan, H.

    2005-05-01

    The Rio de la Plata, one of the most important estuarine environments in South America, is characterized by a salt-wedge regime. Large extension and shallow water depth make the estuary highly susceptible to atmospheric forcing. The estuary is a highly productive area, which sustain important artisanal and coastal fisheries in Uruguay and Argentina, mainly based on the whitemouth croaker, Micropogonias furnieri. The main goal of this paper is to summarize recent knowledge on this system, integrating physical, chemical and biological studies. This estuary is characterized by strong vertical salinity stratification, with marine waters (saltier and denser) penetrating deeper into the estuary along the bottom, while fresh waters advance ocean-ward on the surface, forming a salt wedge. The upstream reach of the salt wedge defines a bottom salinity fronts, whose location is controlled by the topography, a submerged shoal called Barra del Indio and at the opposite area, the convergence between the estuarine and marine waters define a surface salinity front. The convergence of water masses and the strong picnoclines at the head of the salt wedge produce the accumulation and retention of plankton, including the eggs of those fishes that concentrate here to spawn (e.g. Micropogonias furnieri and Brevoortia aurea) and even debris. High turbidity constrains here photosynthetic production and food chains are probably detritus based, supporting high densities of Acartia tonsa (Copepoda) and Neomysis americana (Mysid), both omnivorous species that complete its entire life-cycle within the estuary. In agreement, heterotophic microzooplankton is abundant. Moreover, high deposition of suspended matter support dense beds of the deposit feeding clams Mactra isabelleana. As soon as the water become less turbid, an extremely high chlorophyll signal is observed. The largest portion of the salt wedge regime (more than 200 km) is characterized by dense plankton aggregations below the

  6. Regenerated Fe is tasty!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuester, J.; Twining, B. S.

    2012-12-01

    phytoplankton. In an experiment using the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana as prey and regrowth organism and the copepod Acartia tonsa as grazer, ~45% of regenerated Fe was taken up in the regrowth phase within 30 minutes. After 24 hours almost all regenerated Fe was taken up by T. pseudonana. In contrast, only ~10% and ~60% of inorganic Fe was associated with T. pseudonana cells after 0.5 and 24 hours, respectively. Furthermore, inorganic Fe adsorbed strongly to the frustule of T. pseudonana. At 0.5 hours almost 60% of cell-associated Fe was adsorbed in the inorganic uptake experiment. In contrast, experiments with regenerated Fe showed that all cell associated Fe was taken up after 30 min. These results indicate that copepod grazing produces readily bioavailable Fe.Results from additional experiments probing the effects of grazer taxonomy and chemical composition of prey on the bioavailability of regenerated Fe will be presented as well.

  7. Biological effect of El Niño 1997-98, in a shallow subtropical ecosystem: Bahia Magdalena, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    López Ibarra, Gladis; Hinojosa Medina, Alejandro Trinidad; Avendaño Ibarra, Raymundo; Carballido Carranza, M.A.; Funes Rodríguez, René; De Silva-Dávila, Roxana; Martinez Lopez, Aida; Palomares García, José Ricardo

    2003-01-01

    Sea surface temperature (SST), zooplankton biomass and chlorophyll a concentration, along with abundance of four copepod species: Acartia clausi, Acartia lilljeborgii, Paracalanus parvus and Calanus pacificus, and eggs and larvae of small pelagic fishes: Sardinops caeruleus, Scomber japonicus, Opisthonema spp. and Anchoa spp., were measured and estimated from May 1997 to December 1998 in Bahía Magdalena, Mexico. In order to study response of these species to seasonal environmental conditions ...

  8. Biological effects of El Niño 1997-98 on a shallow subtropical ecosystem: Bahía Magdalena, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    R. Palomares García; A. Martínez López; R. De Silva Dávila; R. Funes Rodríguez; Carballido Carranza, M.A.; R. Avendaño Ibarra; A. Hinojosa Medina; Gladis A. López IBARRA

    2003-01-01

    Sea surface temperature (SST), zooplankton biomass and chlorophyll a concentration, along with abundance of four copepod species: Acartia clausi, Acartia lilljeborgii, Paracalanus parvus and Calanus pacificus, and eggs and larvae of small pelagic fishes: Sardinops caeruleus, Scomber japonicus, Opisthonema spp. and Anchoa spp., were measured and estimated from May 1997 to December 1998 in Bahía Magdalena, Mexico. In order to study response of these species to seasonal environmental conditions ...

  9. PENERAPAN AKAD WAKALAH BI AL-UJRAH DALAM INDUSTRI ASURANSI DAN LEMBAGA KEUANGAN SYARIAH LAINNYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni Purnama

    2012-06-01

    Dalam praktiknya, penerapan akad wakalah bi al-ujrah di perusahaan asuransi di mana dana premi yang masuk dalam asuransi syariah masih merupakan dana peserta setelah dikurangi fee perusahaan atas jasa pengelolaan. Ketika terjadi klaim, perusahaan tidak mengeluarkan dana untuk klaim tersebut dari kas perusahaan, tetapi dari diambil dari dana tabungan peserta (tabarru‟, sedangkan untuk penerapan di lembaga-lembaga keuangan lainnya dapat diaplikasikan pada transaksi transfer, kliring, dan RTGS, Letter of Credit (L/C Impor Syariah, Letter of Credit (L/C Ekspor Syariah, Investasi Reksadana Syariah, Pembiayaan Rekening Koran Syariah, Sukuk Wakalah, Wakalah bi al-Istismar

  10. Visualiziranje dišnoga puta

    OpenAIRE

    Toker, Kamil

    2016-01-01

    Autor u svom radu daje pregled razvoja kroz povijest optičkih instrumenata za zbrinjavanje dišnoga puta u anesteziologiji. Sistematizirano prikazuje razvoj laringoskopa sve do današnjih dana kada se u kliničku praksu uvodi video laringoskop.

  11. Improve Leadership Quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    About the Authors Dana Telford is a researcher and guest lecturer at Harvard University and a management consultant with clients in North and South America, the Middle East, and Europe. Dana has appeared on numerous television and radio programs. He earned an MBA from Harvard Business School and has rich experience in business management.

  12. A study on the zooplankton of the Burhabalanga Estuary, Orissa Coast

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ramaiah, Neelam; Chatterji, A; Madhupratap, M.

    the stations during October 1991 as a result of a mysid swarm. Copepoda was generally the most abundant group. The copepods Pseudodiaptomus bowmani, P. sewelli, Acartia tropica and A. bowmani are recorded for the first time from the east coast of India....

  13. Population dynamics of calanoid copepods and the implications of their predation by clupeid fish in the Central Baltic Sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Möllmann, C.; Köster, Fritz

    2002-01-01

    Population dynamics of major Baltic calanoid copepod species in the Gotland Basin during the last two decades were characterized by a decline of Pseudocalanus elongatus associated with declining salinities, and an increase of Temora longicornis and Acartia spp. potentially due to warmer conditions...

  14. Seasonal fluctuations in the occurrence of Cladocera in the Mandovi-Zuari estuarine waters of Goa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Goswami, S.C.; Devassy, V.P.

    .78). Evadne tergestina Claus and Penilia avirostris Dana were the 2 major species representing cladoceran population, the former being dominant (85.88%). Both the species were characterisEd. by seasonality in distribution. Distribution patterns of each species...

  15. Explorations in Ethnobiology: The Legacy of Amadeo Rea

    OpenAIRE

    Raymond Pierotti

    2014-01-01

    Review of Explorations in Ethnobiology: The Legacy of Amadeo Rea. Marsha Quinlan and Dana Lepofsky, eds. 2013. Society of Ethnobiology, Denton, TX. Pp. 310, color illustrations, maps, tables. $56.95 (paperback). ISBN 978‐0988733008.

  16. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... procedures that are available in almost every major medical center. The renal ultrasound provides the least detailed ... Henske, M.D., Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, ...

  17. How Do I Deal with Depression and Adjustment to My Spinal Cord Injury?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. 20201. Grantees undertaking projects under government sponsorship are ... Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation is a registered 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization

  18. Adjustments and Depression

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... view or opinions do not, therefore, necessarily represent official Administration for Community Living policy. Share this page ... the Reeve newsletter International support > Pages in other languages Made with ♡ in New Jersey Christopher & Dana Reeve ...

  19. 75 FR 55816 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-14

    ...--Assistant Inspector General for Investigations. Alan Duncan--Assistant Inspector General for Audit (Security... Inspector General for Management and Administration. Dana Moore--Deputy Assistant Inspector General for... General for Investigations. Alan Lamoreaux--Assistant Inspector General for Management and...

  20. 76 FR 81941 - General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Price Reductions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION General Services Administration Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Price Reductions.... FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Ms. Dana Munson, General Services Acquisition Policy Division,...

  1. 76 FR 67402 - Performance Review Board Appointments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ..., Douglas; Barnes, Rex; Coale, Dana; Earnest, Darryl; Epstein, Robert; Keeney, Robert; King, Ellen; McEvoy..., C. Wayne; Hubbs, Michael; Jordan, Leonard; Kramer, Anthony; Kunze, Stephen; Lawrence, Douglas..., Sevin; Gibson, Paul; Hammond, Andrew; Hefferan, Colien; Kappes, Steven; King, Jr., Edgar;...

  2. The Policy Implications of the Cost Structure of HHAs

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — In a new report, Dr. Dana Mukamel and colleagues reveal their analysis of the costs of home-care agencies. Using Cost Reports and the Home Health Compare (HHC)...

  3. 78 FR 20935 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... Lantern, Dana Point, CA 92629. 92629. Orange (FEMA Docket No.: B- City of San Juan The Honorable Larry.... Box Fort Collins, CO 1190, Fort Collins, CO 80521. 80522. Florida: Bay (FEMA Docket No.: B-1280)....

  4. ANOMALIJE UTERUSA I TRUDNOĆA Prikaz dvoplodne trudnoće u uterusu didelphysu

    OpenAIRE

    Dražančić, Ante

    2003-01-01

    Prikazana je rijetka blizanačka trudnoća u dvostrukom uterusu, koja je završila spontanim porodom u 35. tjednu trudnoće prvoga pa drugoga blizanca u razmaku od tri dana. Raspravlja se o mehanizmu inicijacije poroda u razmaku od tri dana u jednoj pa drugoj maternici. Prikazan je pregled učestalosti i ishoda trudnoće u malformacija uterusa, prije i nakon njihove korekcije.

  5. Endiinski spojevi - novi antitumorski lijekovi

    OpenAIRE

    Gredičak, Matija; Jerić, Ivanka

    2007-01-01

    Znanstvenici raznih profila dugo su bili intrigirani prirodom, mehanizmom djelovanja i potencijalom prirodnih toksina s izuzetnom antibakterijskom i antitumorskom aktivnošću. Ti spojevi, nazvani endiini, danas su među najaktivnijim kemoterapeutskim agensima. Često uspoređivani s inteligentnim oružjem, zbog jedinstvene strukture i sofisticiranog mehanizma kojim uništavaju molekulu DNA, endiinski antibiotici danas predstavljaju vodeće spojeve u antitumorskoj terapiji. Predstavnici endiinske sku...

  6. Morphological and morphometrical analysis of Heterodera spp. populations in Jordan

    OpenAIRE

    Lafi, Hamzeh A.; Al-Banna, Luma; Sadder, Monther T.; Hussein M. Migdadi

    2015-01-01

    Phenotypic diversity of five Jordanian populations of cyst nematodes, Heterodera spp. collected from five regions from Jordan (Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana, Al-Karak, and Jerash) was investigated. Soil samples were collected from one representative field in each region. Morphological and morphometrical characteristics revealed that Heterodera latipons is dominated in cereal fields at Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana and Al-Karak regions and Heterodera schachtii in Jerash. Cysts populations from all cereal ...

  7. Promjene bijele krvne slike i nekih biokemijskih parametara kod mliječnih krava u peripartalnom razdoblju i ranoj laktaciji

    OpenAIRE

    Joksimović Todorović, Mirjana; Davidović, Vesna

    2012-01-01

    Cilj ovog rada bio je utvrditi promjene u broju bijelih krvnih stanica i pojedinih biokemijskih parametara - koncentraciji glukoze, koncentraciji nezasićenih masnih kiselina (NEFA), aktivnosti enzima aspartat aminotransferaze (AST), alanin aminotransferaze (ALT) i gama glutamattransaminaze (GGT), kod 17 mliječnih krava holštajn-frizijske pasmine u peripartalnom razdoblju i ranoj laktaciji (15 dana prije partusa, na dan partusa, 15., 30. i 45. dana nakon partusa). Najveće vrijednosti ukupno...

  8. Nomothetic outcome assessment in counseling and psychotherapy: Development and preliminary psychometric analyses of the Depression/Anxiety Negative Affect Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott T. Meier

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Negative affect (NA plays a significant role in the initiation, persistence, and response to psychotherapy of many client problems (Moses & Barlow, 2006. This report describes the development of a brief NA measure, the Depression/Anxiety Negative Affect (DANA scale, and preliminary analyses of its psychometric properties. An initial pool of DANA items was selected on the basis of a review of relevant literature about emotion science and counseling outcomes, related tests, and feedback from psychotherapists as part of a pilot test. The DANA was evaluated in two representative clinical samples where psychotherapists produced a total of 363 session ratings with 81 clients. DANA scores evidenced adequate internal consistency, evidence of convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change over the course of psychotherapy. Effect sizes (ES of DANA scores consistently equaled or exceeded the average ES of .68 found for scales assessing the outcomes of counseling and psychotherapy in meta-analytic studies (Smith & Glass, 1977. ESs greater than 1 were found on DANA variables for clients whose therapists rated them as experiencing, rather than avoiding, NA.

  9. Individual biomass, based on body measures, of copepod species considered as main forage items for fishes of the argentine shelf

    OpenAIRE

    Araoz, Ncf

    1991-01-01

    Mean wet weights, prosome length-weight and prosome width-weight relationships are established for the later stages of the copepods C. carinatus, C. australis, A. tonsa, C. vanus, C. brachiatus and D. forcipatus from San Jorge Gulf. Individual biomass was estimated by the morphometric method. The potential model relating size and weight was selected for the best fit. Prosome width was a better weight predictor than prosome length in almost all developmental stages and both sexes of the species.

  10. Spatial and temporal habitat partitioning by zooplankton in the Bornholm Basin (central Baltic Sea)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, J.; Peck, M.A.; Barz, K.;

    2012-01-01

    taxa (Bosmina coregoni maritima, Acartia spp., Pseudocalanus spp., Temora longicornis, Synchaeta spp.) contributed >10% to the zooplankton community composition. The appearance of cladocerans was mainly correlated with the phenology of thermocline development in the spring. The cladoceran B. coregoni...... maritima was a dominant member of this community during the warmest periods, preferring the surface waters above the thermocline. Copepods exhibited distinct, ontogenetic and seasonal changes in their distribution. The rotifers (Synchaeta sp.) were the most abundant zooplankton in May. Based...

  11. A comparative study on mesozooplankton abundance and diversity between a protected and an unprotected coastal area of Andaman Islands.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Pillai, H.U.K.; Jayalakshmy, K.V.; Biju, A.; Jayalakshmi, K.J.; Paulinose, V.T.; Devi, C.B.L.; Nair, V.R.; Revichandran, C.; Menon, N.R.; Achuthankutty, C.T.; Panampunnayil, S.U.

    1), Malay island (station 2), Jolly Buoy Island (station 3), Inter-Island (station 4) and Red Skin Island (station 5). 2.2. Sampling procedure and data analysis A boat was used for sample collection. Sampling was carried out during three seasons... vulgaris was observed, particularly at Red skin station of MPA during NEM. Dominance of Acartia erythraea, A. spinicauda, Labidocera pavo and L. minuta, was observed only during IM season and the presence of species like Lucicutia flavicornis, Pontella...

  12. Egg production rates of eight calanoid copepod species during the summer 1997 at Newport Oregon, USA

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Gutiérrez, Jaime; Peterson, W.R.

    1999-01-01

    Measurements of hydrography, water transparency, chlorophyll (Chl) a and egg production rates (EPRs) by females of Calanus marshallae Frost, Calanus pacificus Brodsky, Eucalanus californicus Johnson, Epilabidocera longipedata Sato, Pseudocalanus mimus Frost, Centropages abdominalis Sato, Acartia longiremis Lilljerborg and Paracalanus parvus (Claus) were estimated at weekly intervals between 17 July and 2 September 1997. Production of eggs was determined in 24 h incubations to examine the effe...

  13. Zooplankton composition and abundance in Mida Creek, Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Osore, M.K.W.; Mwaluma, J.M.; FIERS, F; Daro, M.H.

    2004-01-01

    In order to determine the resident assemblages of zooplankton in Mida Creek, Kenya, a survey was conducted from May 1996 to Apr. 1997 for which we studied their seasonal composition, abundance, and distribution. Twenty-seven major zooplankton taxa were identified. The order Copepoda was the most abundant taxon dominated mainly by the genera Acartia, Paracalanus, Labidocera, Temora, Centropages, and Calanopia. Other common zooplankton taxa included the Medusae, Ctenophora, Brachyura larvae, an...

  14. Biochemical composition of copepods for evaluation of feed quality in production of juvenile marine fish

    OpenAIRE

    van der Meeren, Terje; Olsen, Rolf Erik; Hamre, Kristin; Fyhn, Hans Jørgen

    2007-01-01

    To increase current knowledge on the nutritional value of natural prey organisms, the biochemical components of mainly three copepods (Acartia grani, Centropages hamatus, and Eurytemora affinis) from a marine pond system were analysed once a week from spring until late fall, over two years. The analysed components were total lipid, lipid class composition, total lipid fatty acid composition, free amino acids, total protein, protein-bound amino acids, pigment (astaxanthin and ß-carotene), and ...

  15. Changes in abundance and community structure of the zooplankton population during the 2008 mucilage event in the northeastern Marmara Sea

    OpenAIRE

    OKYAR, Melek İŞİNİBİLİR; Üstün, Funda; ORUN, Deniz Ayşe

    2015-01-01

    The composition and abundance of zooplankton and the corresponding environmental conditions were investigated during the 2008 mucilage event (April-December 2008) in the Marmara Sea. As a result, 46 zooplanktonic taxa were identified. Copepods and cladocerans were generally the most abundant groups. Mnemiopsis leidyi had a significant seasonality, and abundance was related to fluctuations in temperature and salinity. The most important species were Acartia clausi and Penilia avirostris, but t...

  16. Tafsir Aparatur terhadap “Sisi Gelap” Pengelolaan Keuangan Daerah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achdiar Redy Setiawan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to uncover the actual practices of local government financial management in the smallest scope, namely SKPD (local government work units. This research focuses on the meaning of “the dark side”(a reality which stands behind the formal procedures and documentation that are displayed from the actors who are government apparatus. Hermeneutics Gadamerian was chosen as the research methodology. Tracesof "fraud" pivots on what is termed "Dana Taktis”. Actors interpreted the mechanism of "Dana Taktis" not as a form of fraud. This was based on the fact that existing internal procedures of “Dana Taktis” practices on SKPD was not hidden. All parties recognnised each other as parts ofa system. We name this phenomena as “system-driven (un fraud”

  17. Comparação do peso dos quelípodos e crescimento em duas espécies de "sirís" do gênero Callinectes (Brachyura, Portunidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Margarita Guerrero-Ocampo

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, as espécies C. danae e C. ornatus foram comparadas quanto ao peso dos quelípodos. Os siris foram coletados com 2 redes de arrasto do tipo "otter trawl" na Enseada de Ubatuba (23° 26' S e 45° 02' W. As constantes alométricas obtidas foram analisadas por meio da função potência (Y = aXb . As espécies apresentaram diferentes graus alométricos para cada sexo. A relação PQ X PC apresentou alometria positiva em ambas espécies, porém os machos apresentam maior alometria positiva do que as fêmeas. C. danae apresenta maior alometria positiva para os quelípodos do que C. ornatus. O fato de C. danae atingir maior porte e possuir quelípodos maiores indica que esta espécie tem potencial para o cultivo.A comparison of the cheliped's weight in two species of the genus Callinectes was accomplished. The species C. danae e C. ornatus were collected by two otter trawl in Ubatuba bay (23º 26' S and 45º 02' W. The allometric constants obtained from the regression adjusted to a power function (Y = aXb were analyzed. These species presented different allometry degrees for each sex considered. The relation PQ x PC presented positive allometry for sex of both species, but male presented higher positive allometry than female. C. danae presented higher positive allometry for chelipeds than C. ornatus. We suggest here that C. danae could be indicated to be submitted to grow out in ponds since it reaches higher size and bigger chelipeds.

  18. De questione monumenti (O pitanju spomenika)

    OpenAIRE

    Kuzma, Kovačić

    2014-01-01

    U članku se raspravlja o pitanju spomenika kojem likovna struka kao i cjelokupna hrvatska javnost posvećuje veliku pozornost. Više javnih rasprava i međunarodni simpozij pod nazivom Problem spomenika – spomenik danas (Klanjec, 2013.) održani su o toj temi. Polazeći od činjenice da je pitanje spomenika danas u Hrvatskoj točka suprotstavljanja i oštrih prijepora, potvrđuje se tvrdnja kako je spomenik itekako živa, stvarna društvena potreba i nezaobilazna kulturno- umjetnička i politička pojava....

  19. Akutni pankreatitis u djece

    OpenAIRE

    Baraba Dekanić, Kristina; Palčevski, Goran

    2015-01-01

    Akutni pankreatitis je bolest koja se sve češće dijagnosticira u dječjoj dobi. Postoje značajne razlike između akutnog pankreatitisa u djece i odraslih; bolesti se razlikuju u etiologiji,prirodnom tijeku i prognozi. Ipak, današnji pristup bolesti i njenom liječenju zasniva se uglavnom na istraživanjima u odraslih osoba. U tijeku su brojna istraživanja koja za cilj imaju rasvijetliti značajke bolesti dječje dobi. U ovom članku donosimo današnje spoznaje o etiopatogenezi, dijagnostici, liječenj...

  20. Procjena predispozicijskog učinka kokcidioze na pojavu nekrotičnog enteritisa u pokusnoj infekciji tovnih pilića.

    OpenAIRE

    Sivaseelan, Soundarapandian; Vijayakumar, Subramanian; Malmarugan, Shanmugasamy; Balachandran, Perumal; Balasubramaniam, Gurusamipalayam A.

    2013-01-01

    Pokusno istraživanje u tovnih pilića poduzeto je radi procjene predispozicijskog učinka kokcidioze na pojavu nekrotičnog enteritisa (NE). U prvom pokusu (samo NE), simptomi su bili uočeni od 4. do 7. dana nakon zaražavanja, ali bez uginuća. U drugom pokusu (NE uz prethodnu kokcidiozu) ustanovljen je 23%- tni mortalitet. Najjače patoanatomske promjene (2. stupnja) na crijevima bile su u prvom pokusu opažene 6. dana nakon infekcije. I u drugom pokusu najjače promjene na crijevima (3,67) bile su...

  1. Depresija i moždani udar

    OpenAIRE

    Buljan, Danijel

    2004-01-01

    Cerebrovaskularne bolesti predstavljaju danas vodeći zdravstveni problem u zemljama zapadnog svijeta, a depresija je četvrti najveći zdravstveni problem. Danas se smatra da je povezanost između depresije i moždanog udara nedvojbena. Depresija je najčešći psihijatrijski poremećaj povezan sa cerebrovaskularnim bolestima, javlja se u 26 do 34 posto bolesnika unutar dvije godine poslije moždanog udara. Postoji povezanost između težine poslijeinzultne depresije i lokacije lezije mozga: što su ošte...

  2. Promjene razina progesterona u krvnoj plazmi krmača u peripartalnom razdoblju.

    OpenAIRE

    Gereš, Darko; Žubčić, Damir; Sabo, Davor; Pleli, Andrija; Džaja, Petar; Mihelić, Damir; Müller, Gjorgje

    2000-01-01

    Istraživane su promjene razina progesterona u 40 krmača porodilja u peripartalnom razdoblju, od 4 do 2 dana prije poro|aja (faza A), u vrijeme poro|aja (faza B) i dva dana poslije poro|aja (faza C). Krv za analizu uzeta je venepunkcijom iglom iz kranijalne šuplje vene uz uporabu heparina kao antikoagulansa. Korištena je radioimunološka metoda direktnog kvantitativnog mjerenja razine progesterona u plazmi. Koncentracije progesterona u fazi A kretale su se u rasponu od 0,2 do 50,1 nmol/l, uz sr...

  3. Melatonin inhibira lipidnu peroksidaciju u jetri štakora uzrokovanu benzenom

    OpenAIRE

    Sharma, Seema; Rana, Suresh Vir Singh

    2010-01-01

    Istražena je antioksidacijska uloga melatonina u zaštiti protiv toksičnoga djelovanja benzena u jetri štakora. Utvrđeno je da kratkoročno odnosno dugoročnije liječenje štakora melatoninom u različitoj mjeri štiti štakore istodobno izložene benzenu. Inhibicija lipidne peroksidacije mitohondrija i mikrosoma bila je različita nakon 24 h, 15 dana, odnosno 30 dana liječenja melatoninom. Najveća inhibicija lipidne peroksidacije mitohondrija zamijećena je nakon primjene jednokratne doze melato...

  4. KVALITETA MESA LUBINA TIJEKOM POHRANE NA LEDU

    OpenAIRE

    Bojanić, Krunoslav; Kozačinski, Lidija; Filipović, Ivana; Zdolec, Nevijo; Njari, Bela

    2009-01-01

    Cilj ovog rada bio je odrediti održivost mesa lubina tijekom njegove pohrane na ledu u trajanju od 12 dana pracenjem senzornih, fizikalno-kemijskih i mikrobioloških parametara kakvoce i higijenske ispravnosti. U tu je svrhu pretraženo 30 lubina 2., 4., 6., 9. i 12. dana pohrane na ledu na 3º C. Senzorna ocjena kvalitete ocijenjena je Quality Index Method testom (QIM) izra!enom za lubina, Dicentrarchus labrax (Icelandic Fisheries Laboratories) i Market testom. Uzorci ri...

  5. Ekonomija zajedništva. Projekt za povratak zanemarenih vrijednosti

    OpenAIRE

    Magzan, Maša; Milotić, Petra

    2010-01-01

    Ekonomija zajedništva (EZ) je projekt koji se zalaže za novu kulturu, kulturu davanja, alternativu danas prevladavajućoj kulturi posjedovanja. Specifičnost modela EZ-a je u činjenici da integrira religijske vrijednosti i principe s principima poslovanja. Ideja EZ-a je pokrenuta u brazilskim slamovima prije gotovo dvadeset godina zahvaljujući Pokretu fokolara i njegovoj ustanoviteljici, Chiari Lubich. Danas ekonomiju zajedništva primjenjuje gotovo sedam stotina tvrtki širom svijeta, koje sv...

  6. Odgoj o ljudskim pravima i za njih

    OpenAIRE

    Carazzone, Carola

    2009-01-01

    Već 150. godina Salezijanska obitelj diljem svijeta nastoji primjenjivati don Boscov odgojni sustav. U vezi s time u članku se naglašava današnje značenje don Boscove ideje o kršćanskom odgoju koji želi "odgajati poštene građane i dobre kršćane". Odgoj u ljudskim pravima i za ljudska prava, danas je jedan od istaknutih oblika pastorala mladih i jedno od sredstava suvremene primjene don Boscovog odgojnog sustava (preventivni odgojni sustav). Stoga se ističe značenje koje valja pridati ljudskim...

  7. SADAŠNJE SPOZNAJE O ISPITIVANJU VLAČNE ČVRSTOĆE STIJENA UPORABOM BRAZILSKOGA TESTA

    OpenAIRE

    Briševac, Zlatko; Kujundžić, Trpimir; Čajić, Sandi

    2015-01-01

    Vlačna čvrstoća u mehanici stijena svojstvo je koje se znatno češće određuje indirektno (neizravno) nego direktno (izravno). U ovome radu prikazan je povijesni pregled razvoja indirektne metode ispitivanja zvane brazilski test od njezina nastanka 1943. god. do današnjih dana. Upućuje se na neke aspekte koji su bitni za tumačenje rezultata brazilskoga testa zbog različitoga stanja naprezanja prilikom toga ispitivanja i direktnoga postupka za određivanje vlačne čvrstoće. Posebno je obrađena pro...

  8. Postupci uklanjanja pesticida iz okoliša

    OpenAIRE

    Dokić, M.; Bilandžić, N.; Briški, F.

    2012-01-01

    Organoklorni i organofosforni pesticidi se u velikim količinama upotrebljavaju u proizvodnji hrane zbog svoje učinkovitosti i niske cijene i smatra se da danas na svjetskom tržištu postoji oko 1500 aktivnih tvari s pesticidnim učinkom. Ovi postojani organski onečišćivači dugo nakon primjene mogu zaostajati u tlu, mulju i sedimentima ili ući u vodene tokove, te dospjeti izravno u prehrambeni lanac. Danas se za uklanjanja pesticida s onečišćenih lokacija primjenjuju sljedeći postupci: niskotemp...

  9. Osjetljivost zubnih zametaka na stanice slezene štakora imuniziranih zubnim tkivom

    OpenAIRE

    Zaklan-Kavić, Dragica; Bašić, I.

    1980-01-01

    Pratili smo citotoksični učinak limfatičkih stanica slezene štakora imuniziranih zubnim tkivima na zubne zametke in vitro. Štakore soja Y59 smo imunizirali zubnim zamecima ili kožom i stanicama slezene štakora soja VM. Zubne zametke 10 dana starih štakora soja VM smo inkubirali in vitro stanicama slezene imuniziranih ili neimuniziranih životinja 24 ili 96 sati, a zatim ih presadili u odrasle singenične primaoce. Presađene smo zametke odstranjivalii od 7. do 35. dana nakon presađivanja i hist...

  10. Usporedba razina makroelemenata u krvnom serumu mliječnih i mesnatih pasmina koza u puerperiju.

    OpenAIRE

    Samardžija, Marko; Dobranić, Tomislav; Lipar, Marija; Harapin, Ivica; Prvanović, Nikica; Grizelj, Juraj; Gregurić Gračner, Gordana; Dobranić, Vesna; Radišić, Berislav; Đuričić, Dražen

    2011-01-01

    Cilj istraživanja bio je odrediti razine makroelemenata u puerperiju mliječnih i mesnatih pasmina koza te usporediti vrijednosti u odnosu na proizvodni tip, dob, paritet i broj jaradi po kozi. Pretraženo je 20 burskih koza (8 primiparnih i 12 pluriparnih) te 10 križanih u tipu njemačke srnaste koze (5 primiparnih i 5 pluriparnih) u dobi od 2 do 6 godina. Uzorci krvi uzimani su svaka četiri dana počevši od trećeg do 40. dana puerperija. Razine kalija, magnezija, natrija i klora bile su u fizio...

  11. Predavci - prilog poznavanju podrijetla stanovništva u Varaždinskom generalatu

    OpenAIRE

    Petrić, Hrvoje

    2014-01-01

    Autor je u članku obradio preseljavanje Predavaca u Vojnu krajinu, točnije na prostor Varaždinskog generalata. Ranonovovjekovne migracije su značajne zbog toga što su djelomično formirale podlogu naseljenosti koja vuče utjecaj do današnjih dana. Prema trenutno poznatim izvorima, Predavci bi najvjerojatnije bili doseljenici iz Osmanskog Carstva katoličke vjere različitog podrijetla - slavonskog (starosjedilačkog stanovništva dijela Slavonskog Kraljevstva koji se našao pod osmanskom vlašću), hr...

  12. Najpogostejše diete pri mladostnikih

    OpenAIRE

    Bonić, Maja

    2012-01-01

    Teoretična izhodišča: V današnjem svetu je velik problem med mladostniki prekomerna telesna teža, ki nastane predvsem zaradi nezdravega prehranjevanja, nezadostne telesne aktivnosti, kajenja, alkohola, oziroma na kratko, nastane zaradi nezdravega življenjskega sloga posameznika. Zdrav življenjski slog se v današnjem času, ko ljudje nimajo več časa za telesno aktivnost in zdravo prehrano zanemarja. Zaradi nezadovoljstva z zunanjim izgledom se mladostniki zelo zgodaj pričnejo odločati za uživan...

  13. ASTEROIDI

    OpenAIRE

    Andreić, Željko

    2016-01-01

    Asteroidi su najveća mala tijela Sunčeva sustava. Danas se intenzivno proučavaju iz nekoliko razloga. Kao prvo, neki asteroidi (tzv. NEA podvrsta) mogu se sudariti sa Zemljom, a posljedice takva sudara bile bi katastrofalne. Drugo, na njih se gleda kao na potencijalni izvor materijala koji na Zemlji postaju rijetki, a koji će ionako biti potrebni za svemirske konstrukcije budućnosti. I treće, oni čuvaju tajne postanka Sunčeva sustava i njegove evolucije do danas. Na kraju, kako je nekoliko hr...

  14. Sivi puh (Glis glis Linnaeus, 1766), od ulova do namirnice

    OpenAIRE

    Konjević, Dean; Krapinec, Krešimir

    2004-01-01

    Sivi puh (Glis glis L.) je naša autohtona divljač iz reda glodavaca (Rodentia), porodice puhova (Myoxidae) i roda puh (Glis). Tradicija lova na puhove je iznimno stara i potječe još od vremena Rimskog Carstva. U Republici Hrvatskoj se lov na puhove do danas održao na području Gorskog kotara i Like. Za razliku od negdašnjeg pristupa, danas se sivi puh lovi isključivo posebno konstruiranim lovkama, pri čemu je za lov neophodno dobiti odgovarajuću dozvolu. Ulovljeni puhovi koriste se u prehrani,...

  15. Razarajući čimbenici braka i obitelji

    OpenAIRE

    Koprek, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    U kontekstu vremena u kojemu živimo ljudsko se mišljenje i djelovanje razotkriva u svojoj mnogostrukoj destruktivnosti. Destrukcija označava rušenje, razgrađivanje, pustošenje, rasipanje, propadanje, uništavanje – zapravo smrt. U raznim antropološkim redukcionizmima danas se udaljavamo od zdrave slike o čovjeku. Razara se čovjek i njegov okoliš. Otvoreno se promiču mržnja i nasilje – »kultura smrti«. U unakrsnoj vatri raznorodnih destruktivnih opasnosti danas se nalaze brak i obitelj. Proži...

  16. Koncept subpolitike s študijo primera izbrisa iz registra stalnega prebivalstva : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in policijsko delo

    OpenAIRE

    Cevzar, Mišel

    2013-01-01

    Globalizacija, neoliberalne politike in kapitalizem so današnji družbi prinesle popolnoma nove izzive. Politični inštrumenti današnje družbe, ki izvirajo še iz časa industrializacije niso kos družbenim spremembam, ki jih je prineslo 21. stoletje. Prevladujoča miselnost v zahodnih demokracijah je postala kapitalistična ideologija s svojimi idejami prostega trga, individualne odgovornosti in globalizacije, ki spodbuja izkoriščevalski odnos do nerazvitih regij in krčenje socialnih pravic. Tren...

  17. Integration of an anaerobic digestion plant into the existing Passau biogenous waste composting facility with the aim to double capacity and to produce regenerative energy; Die richtige Strategie macht's: Public-Private-Partnerhsip zum Betrieb der Trockenvergaerungsanlage fuer Bioabfall in Passau. Integration einer Vergaerungsanlage in das bestehende Bioabfallkompostwerk Passau zur Verdopplung der Kapazitaet und zur Erzeugung von regenerativer Energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buchheit, M. [SIUS GmbH, Homburg, Saarland (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    The organic composting operating company Donau-Wald mbH (BBG) was established in 1996 as a public-private partnership; it is a subsidiary of the waste management association Donau-Wald mbH (AWG), Aussernzell (51%), Bavaria, and SIUS GmbH (49%), Homburg, Saarland. The BBG collects and treats for the AWG all accumulating source-separated organic waste from households, as well as those arising from garden and park waste and organically treatable industrial waste. For several years, the AWG Donau-Wald mbH was intending to expand it own treatment capacities from 32,000 tons/a. The increased capacity was to cover the 20,000 tons/a of bio-waste that was being sent to neighbouring facilities for processing. To this end, SIUS developed the concept of integrating an anaerobic digestion plant into the existing Passau composting facility. This made it possible to boost the throughput from 20,000 tons/a to 40,000 tons/a. The goal was to integrate the new technology into the existing Passau composting facility so that the facility could continue to be used with only minor alterations. It was possible to implement this project because the regulatory framework was amended to promote regenerative energies (compensation for the generation of electricity and heat) and interest rates were favourable, which greatly improved the economic prerequisites for constructing the municipality's own plant. For the BBG Donau-Wald mbH, the building of the plant was an important step toward developing a market for generating regenerative energy from biomass. In addition, there was added value in that biogenous wastes previously transported to third-party facilities could now be treated by the municipality's own plant. The Kompogas anaerobic digestion plant produces approx. 10,000,000 kWh of electrical power regeneratively. This means considerable reduction of carbon-dioxide emissions, not including the halting of trucking the excess bio-waste to third-party plants. In terms of the numbers

  18. EST Table: NM_001043517 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NM_001043517 Cycb 10/09/29 89 %/700 aa ref|NP_001036982.1| Cycle like factor b [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAB91178.1| Cycle like factor BmCyc b [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 52 %/387 aa FBpp0114038|DanaGF108

  19. "Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Systematic and Meta-Analytic Review of Nonpharmacological Therapies for Cancer Patients:" Correction to Kangas, Bovbjerg, and Montgomery (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kangas, Maria; Bovbjerg, Dana H.; Montgomery, Guy H.

    2009-01-01

    Reports an error in "Cancer-related fatigue: A systematic and meta-analytic review of non-pharmacological therapies for cancer patients" by Maria Kangas, Dana H. Bovbjerg and Guy H. Montgomery (Psychological Bulletin, 2008[Sep], Vol 134[5], 700-741). The URL to the Supplemental Materials for the article is listed incorrectly in two places in the…

  20. Mesozooplankton of the Arabian Sea: Patterns influenced by seasons, upwelling, and oxygen concentrations

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Smith, S.L.; Madhupratap, M.

    because this region had been omitted from the earlier Challenger Expedition of 1872–1876 (Rice, 1986) and by the Dana Expedition of 1928–1930. Of the 196 stations occu- pied in the John Murray Expedition, zooplankton were collected at less than 20 (some...

  1. 75 FR 50683 - Electronic Fund Transfers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-17

    ...-Trong, Counsel, Vivian Wong or Dana Miller, Senior Attorneys, or Mandie Aubrey, Attorney, Division of... gift card rule). 75 FR 16580. As mandated by the Credit Card Act, the final gift card rule has an..., messages during customer service calls, Web sites, and general advertising. These disclosure...

  2. Training Physician-Scientists for the 1990s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Joseph B.

    1991-01-01

    The article examines trends in the supply of physician-scientists, with emphasis on M.D.-Ph.D. programs to train biomedical researchers. New initiatives, such as the National Institutes of Health Physician-Scientist Training Awards and the Dana Foundation Training Program in the Neurosciences, are described and general recommendations are offered.…

  3. Research Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serig, Dan, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    This research review is dedicated to the memory of William Safire (1929-2009). A visionary leader, Safire brought other visionaries, researchers, educators, artists, and policymakers together to explore the confluence of arts education and neuroscience. He fostered the new field of neuroeducation in his work as chair of The Dana Foundation in…

  4. AcEST: DK944795 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available KCGS C+C Sbjct: 7 GSDCKCGSGCKC 18 >tr|A1Z0P1|A1Z0P1_9ROSI Metallothionein-like protein MT1A OS=Salix matsu...dana PE=4 SV=1 Length = 73 Score = 33.1 bits (74), Expect(2) = 0.080 Identities = 1

  5. Unbounded exchange economies with satiation: how far can we go?

    OpenAIRE

    Martins-da-Rocha, Victor Filipe; Monteiro, Paulo Klinger

    2008-01-01

    We unify and generalize the existence results in Werner (1987), Dana, Le Van and Magnien (1999), Allouch, Le Van and Page (2006) and Allouch and Le Van (2008). We also show that, in terms of weakening the set of assumptions, we cannot go too far.

  6. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Elizabeth Petri Henske, M.D., Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, ... MA, John J. Bissler, M.D., LeBonheur Children’s Hospital and St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, ...

  7. Atipični mehanički defekti tvrdih zubnih tkiva uzrokovani prehrambenim navikama u našoj populaciji

    OpenAIRE

    Najžar-Fleger, Dora; Dolinac, Damir; Buntak-Kobler, Dunja; Prpić-Mehičić, Goranka; Keros, Jadranka

    1997-01-01

    U radu su opisane opsežne abrazivne promjene cakline i dentina zuba uzrokovane neuobičajenim prehrambenim navikama netipičnim za današnjicu. Slične promjene tvrdih zubnih struktura nađene su u eskima sa Aljaske, Kanade i Grenlanda.

  8. EST Table: FY746662 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FY746662 E_FL_famL_31C05_F_0 11/12/09 n.h 11/11/04 64 %/148 aa ref|XP_001603360.1| PREDICTED: similar to tur...tle protein [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 61 %/138 aa FBpp0118210|DanaGF15018-PA 1

  9. Tinjauan Yuridis Terhadap Pemberian Kredit Bank Dengan Jaminan Personal Guarantee ( Study Pada Bank BRI KCP Willem Iskandar )

    OpenAIRE

    Dhillon, Knnie

    2013-01-01

    Bank memainkan peranan yang sangat penting dalam melayani masyarakat. Bank menyediakan berbagai jasa diantaranya pemberian kredit bagi pengusaha yang membutuhkan bantuan dana bagi kegiatan perdagangannya. Dalam pemberian kredit pihak perbankan akan terlebih dahulu melakukan penelitian dan memperhatikan unsur-unsur dalam proses pemberiankredit. Apabila sidebitur telah memenuhi unsure dari pada perjanjian kredit maka perjanjian tersebut dapat dilaksanakan. Pada penulisan skripsi ini akan leb...

  10. EST Table: FS817517 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS817517 E_FL_fmgV_51J19_F_0 10/09/28 71 %/117 aa ref|NP_001040287.1| vacuolar ATP ...114 aa FBpp0120556|DanaGF17364-PA 10/08/29 41 %/116 aa F46F11.5#CE10604#WBGene00006919#locus:vha-10#vacuolar

  11. EST Table: FS751976 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS751976 E_ET_caL-_07I04_R_0 10/09/28 99 %/153 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bom...byx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| archease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/08 71 %/145 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/28 43

  12. EST Table: CK560553 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CK560553 rswpb0_002967.y1 10/09/29 88 %/112 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bombyx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| arc...hease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/01 62 %/112 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/28 36 %/1

  13. EST Table: FS865761 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS865761 E_FL_fner_29C02_R_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 92 %/159 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| arche...ase [Bombyx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| archease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/11 66 %/151 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA

  14. EST Table: FS911211 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS911211 E_FL_fufe_22I17_F_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 91 %/153 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| arche...ase [Bombyx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| archease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 64 %/145 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA

  15. EST Table: FS884987 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS884987 E_FL_ftes_31L22_F_0 10/09/28 89 %/123 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bom...byx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| archease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 64 %/123 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/29 36

  16. EST Table: FS795717 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS795717 E_FL_ffbm_19B03_F_0 10/09/28 91 %/153 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bom...byx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| archease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/09 64 %/145 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/29 38

  17. EST Table: FS746912 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS746912 E_ET_caL-_07I04_F_0 10/09/28 99 %/159 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bom...byx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| archease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/08 72 %/151 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/28 42

  18. EST Table: CK499064 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CK499064 rswbb0_009342.y1 10/09/29 91 %/159 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bombyx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| arc...hease [Bombyx mori] 10/08/30 65 %/151 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/28 38 %/1

  19. EST Table: DC551708 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DC551708 E_FL_phe-_25O07_F_0 10/09/28 91 %/151 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bom...byx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| archease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/02 63 %/143 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/28 38

  20. EST Table: FS898689 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS898689 E_FL_ftes_31L22_R_0 10/09/28 90 %/129 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bom...byx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| archease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/12 66 %/129 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/29 37

  1. EST Table: DC544796 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DC544796 E_FL_dpe-_27L06_F_0 10/09/28 90 %/139 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bom...byx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| archease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/02 65 %/137 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/28 39

  2. EST Table: FS847351 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS847351 E_FL_fner_29C02_F_0 10/09/28 91 %/153 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bom...byx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| archease [Bombyx mori] 10/09/10 64 %/145 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/29 38

  3. EST Table: CK495781 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CK495781 rswbb0_004284.y1 10/09/29 91 %/152 aa ref|NP_001040427.1| archease [Bombyx mori] gb|ABF51366.1| arc...hease [Bombyx mori] 10/08/30 63 %/144 aa FBpp0121001|DanaGF17809-PA 10/08/28 38 %/1

  4. Distribution of scolecithricidae (Copepoda: Calanoida) in the Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gopalakrishnan, T.C.; Devi, K.S.

    .7, and 5.1% of the total numbers of specimens of Scolecithricidae collected respectively. High density areas of S. danae were found scattered between 15 degrees N and 15 degrees S latitudes, especially along the African coast. S. bradyi and S. echinatus...

  5. Great Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Cathy Applefeld

    2013-01-01

    Like the best teachers in any subject, Dana Hamant is a consummate student. In his 31 years as a music instructor, he has attended every single annual Music Educators Association conference in his home state of Kansas and missed only two Kansas Bandmasters Association conferences. (He is also a frequent attendee at NAfME and other professional…

  6. EST Table: AU003633 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AU003633 ws00362 10/09/28 66 %/171 aa ref|XP_001843799.1| sprinter [Culex quinquefa...sciatus] gb|EDS34581.1| sprinter [Culex quinquefasciatus] 10/08/28 58 %/180 aa FBpp0127755|DanaGF24563-PA 10

  7. Isolation of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) from wild marine fish species in the Baltic Sea, Kattegat, Skagerrak and the North Sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Helle Frank; Heuer, Ole Eske; Lorenzen, Niels;

    1999-01-01

    In order to analyse the occurrence of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV) in the marine environment surrounding Denmark, fish tissue samples were collected on four cruises with the research vessel H/S Dana in 1996 and 1997. The sampling comprised 923 samples totalling 7344 fish representi...

  8. feature - Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    "Cancer is a disease of the genome," noted Lynda Chin, M.D., professor of dermatology, Harvard Medical School and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. "And understanding the impact of genomic changes in the proteome is critically important for converting genomic knowledge into something that a clinician can use on their patients."

  9. Why We Got Serious about Interdisciplinary Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haring, Dana; Kelner, Tom

    2016-01-01

    When Tom Kelner, a 7th grade social studies teacher, realized that under the Common Core standards he'd be responsible for strengthening students' reading, writing, and research skills in his social studies classes, first he panicked. Then he approached Dana Haring, an English language arts teacher on his 7th grade team, and asked if they could…

  10. New species of the genus Sinularia (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) from Nha Trang Bay, South China Sea, Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dautova, T.N.; Ofwegen, van L.P.; Savinkin, O.V.

    2010-01-01

    A total of eight Sinularia species is described and depicted, all from Nha Trang Bay, Vietnam (South China Sea). Six are new to science: S. capricornis, S. multiflora, S. pumila, S. sarmentosa, S. torta, and S. uva. Two other ones represent just new records for Vietnam: S. rigida (Dana, 1846) and S.

  11. Going to a Therapist

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... feels therapy is really helping to build her self-esteem. Britt just joined a therapy group for eating disorders led by her school's psychologist, and her friend Dana said she'd go with her. When our parents were in school, very few kids went to ...

  12. 78 FR 19490 - Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control Special Emphasis Panel (SEP): Initial Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and... and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Dana Redford, Acting Director, Management Analysis and Services Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. BILLING CODE 4163-18-P...

  13. Learning to Generate Dialogue: Theory, Practice, and Evaluation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McCallie, Ellen; Simonsson, Elin; Gammon, Ben;

    2007-01-01

    . It then describes how one institution, the Science Museum's Dana Centre, London, has conceptualised, implemented, and refined its understanding of dialogue events based on iterative processes of theory-building, practice, and evaluation. It concludes by outlining future directions for promoting a broader culture...... of engagement through dialogue related to science and society...

  14. Women in IT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campus Technology, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Today, female students outnumber males on campus, earn a higher number of BA degrees, and surpass men in completing advanced degrees. So there is a certain irony in the fact that executive roles on campus are still dominated by men--and IT is no exception. "Campus Technology" asked three women (Pam McQuesten, Dana Hoover, and Jill Albin-Hill)…

  15. Ikone Andreja Rubljova "Spass", naidennoi v Zvenigorode : [luuletused] / Vladimir Zhilkin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zhilkin, Vladimir

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: Ikone Andreja Rubljova "Spass", naidennoi v Zvenigorode ; Olegu Võssotskomu ; Volode Pavlovu ; Dozhdi s kolokoltshikami ; Andreju Denissovu ; "Mir - labirint. Ne kazhdomu dana..." ; "Vse nashi bedõ - oni iz proshlogo..." ; Restavratsija Pokrovskogo sobora v Izmailove ; "Kak v tainu vhozhu v etot den, v etot tshass..." ; Moim utshenikam ; "Bez prijuta, bez deneg, bez paniki..."

  16. EST Table: FS823061 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 29 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/10 39 %/143 aa FBpp0115191|DanaGF11999-PA 10/08/29 42 %/138 aa B0563.4#CE3084...3#WBGene00006479#locus:tmbi- 4#status:Confirmed#UniProt:Q11080#protein_id:AAA6831

  17. TRANSGENERATIONAL EFFECTS OF DEHP IN THE MALE RAT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abstract TITLE: Transgenerational Effects of Di(2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate in the Male Rat. AUTHORS (ALL): Gray, Leon Earl1; Barlow, Norman J2; Furr, Johnathan R1; Brock, John 3; Silva, Manori J3; Barr, Dana B3; Ostby, Joseph S1SPONSOR NAME:INSTITUTIONS (AL...

  18. Držači mjesta u prevenciji posljedica preranog gubitka mliječnog zuba

    OpenAIRE

    Ceranić, Ivan

    1990-01-01

    U radu su prikazana dva slučaja sekundarnih kompresija u području donje čeljusti, kao posljedice preranog gubitka mliječnih zubi u području zone odupiranja. Terapija sa svrhom pribavljanja izgubljenog prostora provedena je fiksnim ortodontskim tretmanom i trajala je oko godinu dana.

  19. Men with Advanced Prostate Cancer Might Consider Gene Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... whether abnormal DNA repair genes could help predict disease outcomes, the scientists said. The study team consisted of researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, the University of Washington ...

  20. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... and Urology Foundation: www.kidneyurology.org Polycystic Kidney Disease Foundation: www.pkdcure.org Reviewed and updated by Elizabeth Petri Henske, M.D., Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, John J. Bissler, M. ...

  1. EST Table: FS891415 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available protein [Choristoneura parallela] 10/09/12 52 %/205 aa FBpp0127866|DanaGF24674-PA 10/08/29 low homology 10/0...FS891415 E_FL_ftes_02N09_R_0 10/09/28 55 %/208 aa gb|AAN39695.1| ATP synthase-like

  2. EST Table: FS902675 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available protein [Choristoneura parallela] 10/09/12 52 %/205 aa FBpp0127866|DanaGF24674-PA 10/08/29 low homology 10/0...FS902675 E_FL_ftes_48G04_R_0 10/09/28 55 %/208 aa gb|AAN39695.1| ATP synthase-like

  3. Collaborating on Global Priorities: Science Education for Everyone--Any Time and Everywhere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    Building on the key ideas from Dana Zeidler's paper I expand the conversation from the standpoint that the challenges facing humanity and the capacity of Earth to support life suggest that changes in human lifestyles are a priority. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to educate all humans about some of the science-related grand challenges, such…

  4. Navika pušenja na radnom mjestu kod medicinskih sestara - usporedba između Opće bolnice i Doma zdravlja Dubrovnik

    OpenAIRE

    Majder, Edita; Kurtović, Iris; Šutalo, Martina; Budimir, Anita; Rakidžija, Blanka; Lučić, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Danas kronične nezarazne bolesti uzrokuju 63 % ukupnog mortaliteta, a duhanski preparati jedan su od najvećih rizičnih čimbenika [1] . Pušenje je rizični čimbenik za nastanak velikog broja bolesti koje znatno smanjuju stupanj kvalitete života te uzrokuju prijevremenu smrt.

  5. Flexibility Is Keynote of Rutgers Library Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Building Design and Construction, 1976

    1976-01-01

    The Dana Library on the Newark campus of Rutgers University is undergoing an expansion that will approximately double its size. A multipurpose structure is being constructed that could be utilized for classrooms and administrative offices, as well as library space. (Author/MLF)

  6. EST Table: FS832179 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available milar to ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/10 60 %/223 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741...5365 10/09/10 59 %/224 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 10/09/10 55 %/276 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix

  7. EST Table: FS870427 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available milar to ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/11 63 %/215 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741...5365 10/09/10 62 %/216 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 10/09/10 58 %/268 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix

  8. EST Table: FS861595 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available milar to ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/11 66 %/160 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741...5365 10/09/10 62 %/163 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 10/09/10 58 %/215 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix

  9. Nurturing Human Potential in the Context of Schooling: The Legacy of Seymour B. Sarason

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Rhona S.

    2012-01-01

    Seymour Bernard Sarason was born to Jewish immigrant parents on January 12, 1919, in Brooklyn, New York. He died on January 28, 2010, in New Haven, Connecticut, at the age of 91. He obtained his undergraduate degree in 1939 from Dana College in Newark (now Rutgers University), and earned his doctorate in clinical psychology in 1942 from Clark…

  10. Ethnographic Research and Globalization: A Discussion of Joseph Tobin's Model of Video-Cued Multivocal Ethnography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watras, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    Joseph Tobin made an impact on the field of comparative education in 2009 when he used a unique form of ethnography to illuminate the effects of world-wide forces, such as modernization, on schools in specific countries. Earlier, in 1989, he published "Preschool in Three Cultures" with co-authors David Wu and Dana Davidson. The…

  11. 78 FR 52513 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    .... Alan Boehm--Assistant Inspector General for Investigations. Kenneth Chason--Counsel to the Inspector... Inspector General for Audit. Michael Delgado--Assistant Inspector General for Investigations. Alan Duncan... and Inspections). Dana Moore--Assistant Inspector General for Management and Administration....

  12. EST Table: FS903947 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available protein [Choristoneura parallela] 10/09/12 52 %/205 aa FBpp0127866|DanaGF24674-PA 10/08/29 low homology 10/0...FS903947 E_FL_ftes_53C11_R_0 10/09/28 55 %/208 aa gb|AAN39695.1| ATP synthase-like

  13. Revision of the Indo-Pacific species of the genus Distichopora

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boschma, H.

    1959-01-01

    Twenty-one species of Distichopora have been described after specimens from various localities in the Indo-Pacific region, viz., D. violacea (Pallas, 1766) from “Mare Indicum”, D. cinnabarina Nardo, 1844, from the Red Sea (?), D. gracilis Dana, 1848, from the Tuamotu Islands, D. coccinea Gray, 1860,

  14. EST Table: BB986378 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BB986378 E_ET_MSV3_16H05_F_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 57 %/111 aa ref|XP_001663157.1| atlas...tin [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT45634.1| atlastin [Aedes aegypti] 10/08/28 58 %/111 aa FBpp0120409|DanaGF1721

  15. 77 FR 44310 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-27

    ... KENNETH BURKE ANGELA ROSEMARIE BROWN CAMPBELL DANIEL CARLTON NANCY CELLIER-PESTALOZZI URSULA BETTINA CHAN... SHUM LEUNG KING ANSELM LI ADRIENNE MAY LI JEREMY YUEN LIM LLAMANZARES MARY GRACE POE LO TINA YI-CHUN... CAROLE STAR GRACE DANA WHITE STATHAM ANDREW CRAIG STATON ALICE MARY STEIN AMELIA YUEN-YU STEPHANSEN...

  16. Use of bioethanol as an additive or substitute for petrol and diesel oil increases in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brazil has used bioethanol for decades, to replace gasoline and gasoline additives based on mineral resources. The United States initiated a bioethanol programme 15 years ago, to reduce vehicle emissions and encourage the use of renewable raw materials in fuels. Today, the bioethanol production capacity is 12 million tons/a in Brazil and 5 million tons/a in the United States. In Europe, Sweden and France have been the first to follow this trend. The first European fuel ethanol plant was constructed in France in 1995, and another plant has been designed and is awaiting an investment decision. Spain is going ahead with a project, and a fuel ethanol plant may start up in Sweden in 1998. JPI Process Contracting was chosen as the contractor for the French and Spanish projects. Since bioethanol is more expensive than fossil fuels and fuel additives for vehicles, governments typically support bioethanol production through tax exemptions for a period of 5 to 10 years. In the meantime, new processes based on cellulosic raw materials are actively studied in several countries, but development to full commercial scale could take as much as 10 years. (author)

  17. Pollution survey of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface water of Hangzhou, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Lizhong; Chen, Baoliang; Wang, Jing; Shen, Hongxin

    2004-09-01

    The concentrations of 10 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were simultaneously measured for five times (July and November 1999-2002) in four water bodies of Hangzhou, China. To investigate possible sources of PAH contamination, sediments, soils, runoff water and atmospheric particles of the region were also analyzed for their PAH contents. The maximum levels of PAHs in the water bodies (34.4-67.7 microg/l) were found in July, while significantly lower PAH concentrations (4.7-15.3 microg/l) were measured in November. The contamination is substantial and it may have resulted in acute toxic effects on aquatic organisms. The measured PAH concentrations in sediments and soils (224-4222 ng/g), runoff water (8.3 microg/l) and air particles (2.3 microg/m(3)) are discussed in relation to concentrations and patterns found in the surface water bodies. Comparison of PAH levels in sediments and soils led to the conclusion that the erosion of soil material does not contribute significantly to the contamination of sediments. The atmospheric PAH deposition to water bodies in the city area of Hangzhou was estimated to be 530 tons/a, while the contribution of surface runoff water was estimated to be 30.7 tons/a. The ratios of selected PAH were then used to illuminate the possible origin of PAHs in the examined samples (petrogenic, pyrogenic).

  18. Spatial heterogeneity of zooplankton abundance and diversity in the Saudi coastal waters of the Southern Red Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Aidaroos, Ali; El-Sherbiny, Mohsen; Mantha, Gopikrishna

    2013-04-01

    The horizontal distribution, abundance and diversity of zooplankton has been studied at 50 stations along the Saudi coastal waters of the southern Red Sea (27 stations around Farasan archipelago, 9 around Al-Qunfodah and 14 around Al-Lith) during March-April 2011 using a plankton net of 150 µm. The zooplankton standing crop fluctuated between 1058 and 25787 individuals/m3 with an average of 5231 individuals/m3. Zooplankton was dominated by holoplanktonic forms that representing 80.26 % of total zooplankton, while meroplanktonic constituting 19.74% and dominated by mollusc larvae. Copepods appeared to be the predominant component, formed an average of 69.69 % of the total zooplankton count followed by chaetognaths and urochordates (4.5 and 4.1% of total zooplankton respectively). A total of 100 copepods species in addition to several species of other planktonic groups (cladocerans, chaetognaths, urochordates) were recorded in the study area. The copepod diversity decreased northward (94, 69 and 62 species at Farasan, Al-Qunfodah and Al-Lith respectively). In general, adult cyclopoid copepods dominated the zooplankton community in term of abundance and species number (19.55 %, 65 species) with dominance of Oncaea media, Oithona similis and Farranula carinata followed by adult calanoid copepods (19.38%, 35 species) with dominance of Paracalanus aculeatus, Clausocalanus minor, Acartia (Acanthacartia) fossae and Centropages orsinii. Harapacticoids densities were low in abundance, represented only by 5 species and dominated mainly by Euterpina acutifronis. Some copepod species decreased northward: Acartia amboinensis, Canthocalanus pauper, Labidocera acuta, Corycaeus flaccus, C. typicus, C. agilis, C. catus, C. giesbrechti, C. latus, C. furcifer and Euterpina acutifronis, while others increased northward (Acartia fossae, Undinula vulgaris and Centropages orsinii). Among copepod orders, Monstrilloida and Siphonostomatoida were observed only in southern area (Farasan

  19. Virus-phytoplankton adhesion: a new WSSV transmission route to zooplankton

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The pathogenicity of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) to zooplankton species, rotifer Brachionus urceus (Linnaeus), copepod Acartia clausi (Giesbrecht) and mysid shrimp Neomysis awatschensis (Brandt), was estimated by immersion challenge and virus-phytoplankton adhesion route to investigate a potential new transmission route of WSSV to zooplankton. WSSV succeeded in infecting these zooplankton species and nested-PCR revealed positive results for the virus-phytoplankton adhesion route, whereas WSSV cannot infect zooplankton by immersion challenge. These results indicated that virus-phytoplankton adhesion route is a successful new transmission route of WSSV to zooplankton and also implied that phytoplankton could be a carrier in WSSV transmission.

  20. Composição, abundância e distribuição espacial do zooplâncton no complexo estuarino de Paranaguá durante o inverno de 1993 e o verão de 1994 Zooplankton composition, abundance and spatial distribution in the estuarine complex of Paranaguá during winter 1993 and summer 1994

    OpenAIRE

    Rubens M Lopes; Rosinei do Vale; Brandini, Frederico P.

    1998-01-01

    A estrutura das associações zooplanctônicas do complexo estuarino de Paranaguá foi estudada no inverno de 1993 e no verão de 1994. Copépodes dos gêneros Acartia, Paracalanus, Parvocalanus, Temora, Pseudodiaptomus, Oithona e Euterpina foram dominantes, atingindo até cerca de 90% da densidade total. A única espécie que ocorreu preferencialmente em salinidades inferiores a 15 foi o calanóide Pseudodiaptomus richardi, que representa o principal componente do holoplncton nos setores oligohalinos. ...

  1. Does predation control adult sex ratios and longevities in marine pelagic copepods?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hirst, A.G.; Bonnet, D.; Conway, D.V.P.;

    2010-01-01

    We assess the causes of adult sex ratio skew in marine pelagic copepods by examining changes in these ratios between the juveniles and adults, sexual differences in juvenile stage durations, and mortality rates of adults in the field and laboratory (when free from predators). In the field, late......, and Pseudocalanus, we estimate that predation mortality contributed $ 69% of the field mortality rate in adult males, whereas in Acartia, Oithona, and Calanus adult females, this is $ 36%.We conclude that (1) adult sex ratio skew in pelagic copepods is primarily due to differential mortality of the sexes...

  2. Importance et rôle du zooplancton dans une lagune tropicale, la lagune Ebrié (Côte d'Ivoire) : peuplements, biomasse, production et bilan métabolique

    OpenAIRE

    PAGANO, Marc; Saint-Jean, L.

    1991-01-01

    Le programme a été axé sur l'étude au cours de deux cycles annuels de cinq stations représentatives de l'éventail des conditions écologiques. Des analyses sur le seston permettent de caractériser l'environnement trophique. Le zooplancton est dominé par #Acartia clausi$, #Oithona brevicornis$, #Pseudodiaptomus hessei$, les rotifères et les larves de lamellibranches. En termes de biomasse les copépodes forment le groupe dominant (89%). L'importance pondérale du macroplancton dominé par les mysi...

  3. Influence of LAS on marine calanoid copepod population dynamics and potential reproduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Kirsten; Hansen, Benni Winding; Johansson, Liselotte Sander;

    2003-01-01

    The toxicity of linear alkyl benzene sulfonate (LAS) to marine invertebrates is well documented under laboratory conditions using single-species tests. It is less known how LAS affects natural populations of aquatic organisms. We hypothesised that LAS was more toxic to the calanoid copepod Acartia....... The increased sensitivity under in situ conditions was probably promoted by the suboptimal growth conditions, e.g. no saturated food concentration or inadequate nutritive values of the food. The amount of food expressed as chlorophyll concentration was low (around 2 microg chl. a l(-1)) but was not affected...

  4. Crustáceos decápodos da Ilha da Restinga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Conceição Quintino Farias

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the decapods crustaceans from Restinga island (Paraíba State, Brazil. A list of species collected from September 1977 to March 1978 and some ecological notes are given. Those following species were found in the island: Macrobrachium acanthurus (Wiegmann. Alpheus heterochaelis Say, Upogebia omissa Gomes-Corrêa, Petrolisthes armatus (Gibbes, Clibanarius vitatus (Bose, Clibanarius sclopetarius (Herbst, Callinectes danae Smith, Callinectes exasperatus (Gerstaecker, Callinectes bocourti. A.Milne Edwards, Callinectes sp., Panopeus herbstii. A. Milne Edwards, Cytoplax spinidentata (Benedict, Goniopsis cruentata (Latreille, Aratus pisonii (Milme Eawards, Pachygrapsus gracilis (Saussure, Pachygrapsus transversus Gibbes, Sesarma rectum Randall, Sersama angustipes Dana, Cardisoma guanhunti Latreille, Uca leptodactyia Rathbun, Uca maracoani Latreille, Uca rapax (Smith, Uca panema Coelho, Uca thayeii Rathbun, Uca vocator Herbst, Uca cumulanta Crane, Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus e Calappa ocelata Holthuis.

  5. Odgoj i građanstvo

    OpenAIRE

    Chávez Villanueva, Pascual

    2009-01-01

    U današnjem društvu valja posebno poraditi na integriranju odgoja u kulturu i na promicanju škole koja odgaja za vrednote. Pojašnjavajući tu početnu misao, autor podsjeća na klasičnu paideiu i njezin utjecaj na školski model na Zapadu. Kršćanstvo od svog nastanka razvija specifičnu, "kršćansku paideiu" te novi kulturalni i odgojni model. Danas, na početku 21. st., potrebno je iznova definirati ciljeve odgoja kako bi se uspostavila ravnoteža između osobnog odgoja i obrazovanja i enciklopedijsk...

  6. Salezijansko poslanje i ljudska prava, posebice prava maloljetnika

    OpenAIRE

    Chávez Villanueva, Pascual

    2009-01-01

    U članku je riječ o angažmanu za ljudska prava, posebice prava maloljetnika, s posebnim osvrtom na salezijansko poslanje. Svojim aktivnim angažiranjem u odgoju i promicanju kulture odgoja salezijanci konkretno prihvaćaju i podupiru Opću deklaraciju o ljudskim pravima Ujedinjenih naroda. Nažalost, odgoj i obrazovanje danas su često u teškom položaju. To potvrđuje i papa Benedikt XVI koji govori o izvanrednom položaju odgoja. Tragično je što i danas još ima mnogo djece i mladih kojima nije p...

  7. Two new species of freshwater crabs of the genus Sundathelphusa Bott, 1969 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Gecarcinucidae) from caves in Luzon, Philippines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husana, Daniel Edison M; Yamamuro, Masumi; Ng, Peter K L

    2014-06-17

    Two cave species of Sundathelphusa are described from a karst area in southern Luzon, Philippines. Both species have elongated ambulatory legs but the eyes and carapace pigmentation are well developed, indicating they are not troglobites. Sundathelphusa danae sp. nov. is superficially more similar to S. longipes (Balss, 1937) than to S. holthuisi Ng, 2010, which was described from the same locality. Sundathelphusa danae sp. nov. is distinguished from its closest congeners by its strongly convex anterolateral margin, more swollen branchial regions, possession of a complete frontal median triangle, laterally inflated subbranchial region and the more slender ambulatory legs. Sundathelphusa vienae sp. nov. is unusual among Sundathelphusa species in that its carapace is more quadrate, with the slender and almost straight male first gonopod tapered and having a pointed terminal segment. 

  8. Kajian dan Pelaksanaan Manajemen Insiden di Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara di Lingkungan Kantor Wilayah Perbendaharaan Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Supristiowadi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara (KPPN adalah kantor perwakilan Departemen Keuangan di daerah yang berada di bawah Direktorat Jenderal Perbendaharaan, yang fungsi utamanya adalah pengelolaan Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara (APBN khususnya dalam hal pengeluaran dana APBN. Untuk menunjang kegiatan operasional KPPN terkait pencairan dana APBN, KPPN menggunakan perangkat teknologi informasi baik yang bersifat perangkat keras maupun aplikasi. Semakin tinggi peranan teknologi informasi dalam menunjang kegiatan operasional KPPN, sudah seharusnya KPPN memiliki sebuah perangkat Manajemen Layanan Teknologi Informasi (MLTI yang dapat menjaga kualitas layanan teknologi informasi yang ada di KPPN. Penerapan MLTI bisa didasarkan pada sebuah standart yang sudah berlaku internasional seperti salah satunya adalah ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructur Library. Sebagai langkah awal pelaksanaan MLTI di KPPN, maka KPPN dapat melaksanakan manajemen insiden. Dengan adanya manajemen insiden diharapkan insiden yang terjadi pada perangkat layanan teknologi informasi di KPPN dapat tertangani secara cepat dan tidak sampai menganggu proses bisnis yang ada.

  9. Opravdanost primjene PLC-a za "manje" aplikacije

    OpenAIRE

    Srpak, Dunja

    2008-01-01

    Primjena programabilnog logičkog upravljača (u daljnjem tekstu PLC, od engl. Programmable Logic Controller) u automatizaciji danas je već znatno raširena, moglo bi se reći "nije ništa novo". Ipak, kad se kaže da je upravljanje nekim strojem, uređajem ili postrojenjem izvedeno PLC-om, većina automatski očekuje kompliciranu i svakako skupu automatiku. Istina je da ozbiljnije, složenije i zahtjevnije izvedbe upravljačkih sklopova danas podrazumijevaju primjenu PLC-a, čak i više njih umreženih u ...

  10. KNJIŽEVNI INTERESI MLADEŽI (na području Istarske i Primorsko-goranske županije)

    OpenAIRE

    Plavčić, Marlena; Ljubešić, Marko

    2009-01-01

    Današnja generacija mladih živi znatno drukčijim životom od generacija mla¬dih prije dvadesetak i više godina. Mladi sve više upotrebljavaju mnoge suvremene medije, a sve manje vremena posvećuju čitanju knjiga. Ovim se istraživanjem nasto¬jalo provjeriti što današnja mladež čita, koji su im najdraži autori, na koji način oda¬biru knjige te kako kasnije komuniciraju o pročitanim knjigama. Kao osnovu za ovo is¬traživanje uzeli smo anketni listić koji se ispunjavao u deset hrvatskih knjižnica u ...

  11. Poglavari Bogoslovnog sjemeništa u Đakovu

    OpenAIRE

    Pavlović, Anto

    2006-01-01

    Prigodom 200. obljetnice Sjemeništa (1806.-2006.) u radu se kronološki daje prikaz poglavara Sjemeništa po službama i po godinama kad su je obavljali, počevši od osnutka Bogoslovnog sjemeništa do danas. Prvi poglavar u Sjemeništu je rektor, a tijekom 200 godina u rektorskoj službi izmijenilo se 36 svećenika, ponajviše članova stolnoga kaptola. Vicerektor je dugi niz godina bio ujedno i ekonom (ponekad i duhovnik), dok se te dvije službe nisu podijelile, a od osnutka Sjemeništa do danas ovu...

  12. transnacionalnog konstitucionalizma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arsen Bačić

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Recentna literatura novog konstitucionalizma i s njim povezanog ustavnog prava na velika se vrata vratila metafori dijaloga. Dok u klasičnom ustavnom pravu dijalog crpi svoja tradicionalna značenja iz političke filozofije antike, u naše se vrijeme metafora dijaloga, ponajviše usidrena u području komparativnog ustavnog prava, razumije na više načina. Dijalog se danas razumije kao instrument transplantacije, neformalan način komunikacije između sudskih i političkih tijela, nova paradigma sudbenih odnosa između aktera koji ne pripadaju istom pravnom poretku, itd. U ovom tekstu autori ukazuju na prirodu i granice dijaloga koji se danas vodi u okvirima komparativnog ustavnog prava, te se kratko osvrću na pojavu metafore dijaloga u hrvatskim ustavnopravnim okvirima.

  13. Edukacija i zaštita okoliša

    OpenAIRE

    Udovičić, Božo

    2012-01-01

    Nastanak Zemlje i života na njoj, te održanja razvoja flore i faune do današnjih dana uvjetovano je korištenjem energije i postojanjem atmosfere. Čovjek svojim aktivnostima i opstojnošću zagađuje okoliš (tlo, vodu, zrak, buku itd.). Svakim danom sve je više stanovnika na Zemlji, samim tim i sve većom potrošnjom energije sve se više zagađuje okoliš. Zbog toga se postavljaju pitanja: održivog razvoja, rizika zagađenja okoliša i njegova očuvanja, troškova i kontrole onečišćenja, te neophodno pot...

  14. Are self-stigma, quality of life, and clinical data interrelated in schizophrenia spectrum patients? A cross-sectional outpatient study

    OpenAIRE

    Holubova M; Prasko J; Latalova K; Ociskova M; Grambal A; Kamaradova D; Vrbova K; Hruby R

    2016-01-01

    Michaela Holubova, Jan Prasko, Klara Latalova, Marie Ociskova, Aleš Grambal, Dana Kamaradova, Kristyna Vrbova, Radovan Hruby Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic Background: Current research attention has been moving toward the needs of patients and their consequences for the quality of life (QoL). Self-stigma is a maladaptive psychosocial phenomenon disturbing the QoL in a substa...

  15. Are self-stigma, quality of life, and clinical data interrelated in schizophrenia spectrum patients? A cross-sectional outpatient study

    OpenAIRE

    Holubova, Michaela

    2016-01-01

    Michaela Holubova, Jan Prasko, Klara Latalova, Marie Ociskova, Aleš Grambal, Dana Kamaradova, Kristyna Vrbova, Radovan Hruby Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic Background: Current research attention has been moving toward the needs of patients and their consequences for the quality of life (QoL). Self-stigma is a maladaptive psychosocial phenomenon disturbing the QoL in a su...

  16. Coping strategies and self-stigma in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Holubova M; Prasko J; Hruby R; Latalova K; Kamaradova D; Marackova M; Slepecky M; Gubova T

    2016-01-01

    Michaela Holubova,1,2 Jan Prasko,1 Radovan Hruby,3 Klara Latalova,1 Dana Kamaradova,1 Marketa Marackova,1 Milos Slepecky,4 Terezia Gubova2 1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 2Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic; 3Private Psychiatric Practice, Martin, Slovak Republic; 4Department of Psychology Sciences, Faculty of Social Science and Health Care, C...

  17. Coping strategies and self-stigma in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Prasko, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Michaela Holubova,1,2 Jan Prasko,1 Radovan Hruby,3 Klara Latalova,1 Dana Kamaradova,1 Marketa Marackova,1 Milos Slepecky,4 Terezia Gubova2 1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 2Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic; 3Private Psychiatric Practice, Martin, Slovak Republic; 4Department of Psychology Sciences, Faculty of Social Science and Health Car...

  18. Anksiozna stanja i antidepresivi

    OpenAIRE

    Dodig, Goran

    2002-01-01

    Da se ta tema prikaže ukratko, u članku valja razmotriti bar teorijske i povijesne stavove. Navode se terapijske postavke, a namijenjene su ponajprije liječnicima -praktičarima nepsihijatrijskog kruga. Većina problema koje izaziva patološka anksioznost danas se rješava antidepresivima, osobito liječenje paničnih poremećaja te obuzeto-prisilnih stanja.

  19. Qualitative Web Analytics: New Insights into Navigation Analysis and User Behavior - A Case Study of the German Education Server.

    OpenAIRE

    Keil, Stefan; Böhm, Peter; Rittberger, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Web analytics is a common approach to monitoring and analyzing user behavior on websites. We investigated three different research aspects which can be addressed using web analytics data. Our main concern was the dana quality, followed by general findings on user behavior as well as potential usability issues. We chose an iterative, qualitative approach in order to address all three aspects. Further, we annotated usage data in detail to achieve a deeper understanding of possible user intentio...

  20. CELOSTNA PRENOVA VRSTNEGA NASELJA ROŽNA DOLINA V PEKRAH PRI MARIBORU

    OpenAIRE

    Gomboc, Primož

    2015-01-01

    Magistrsko delo zajema analizo obstoječega naselja vrstnih montažnih hiš v Pekrah pri Mariboru, njegovo prenovo na urbanistični, arhitekturni ravni ter energijsko prenovo hiš v naselju. Ukvarja se s problematiko enodružinskih prostostoječih hiš. Opisuje prednosti ter nujnost zgoščene pozidave glede na današnje družbene razmere.

  1. ODLOČITVENI MODEL ZA DOLOČANJE MINIMALNE PROIZVODNE KOLIČINE V GRAFIČNI PROIZVODNJI

    OpenAIRE

    Krvina, Rafael

    2016-01-01

    Dinamično poslovno okolje ima za posledico spreminjanje proizvodnih in poslovnih procesov. V nekaterih primerih gre za delno prenovo, marsikje gre za prenovo celotnega sistema. Kupci zahtevajo kratke dobavne roke, naročila se spreminjajo tik pred začetkom proizvodnje ali celo med samo proizvodnjo. Kupec v današnjem poslovnem svetu želi nizke cene, kvaliteten proizvod in kratke dobavne roke. Navedene zahteve ustvarjajo pri dobaviteljih prilagodljivost, zlasti v temeljnem transformacijskem proc...

  2. A note on two notions of arbitrage

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    In the framework of economics models with unbounded short sales a number of different conditions limiting arbitrage opportunities have been introduced. Dana, Le Van and Magnien [JET.87(1999)169] appeal to the condition of compactness of the individually rational utility set and show that all prior conditions in the literature limiting arbitrage opportunities imply this compactness. More recently,Page, Wooders and Monteiro [JME.34(2000)439] introduced the condition of inconsequential arbitrage...

  3. Tinjauan Juridis Dalam Pelaksanaan Leasing Pada PT. Capella Multidana Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Fazlan Hadi

    2008-01-01

    Leasing merupakan suatu lembaga pembiayaan alternatif lain selain bank. Leasing lahir dikarenakan bank dirasa kurang dapat menyediakan dana selain juga bunga yang diberikan bank cukup tinggi. Lahirnya leasing merupakan cukup membantu para pengusaha yang bermodal kecil untuk dapat menjalankan usahanya, Karena dirasakan leasing ini sangat membantu dan dapat meningkatkan laju pertumbuhan ekonomi nasional, maka pertumbuhan leasing ini cepat berkembang, terlihat dari makin banyaknya masyarakat yan...

  4. Interpersonalna psihoterapija

    OpenAIRE

    Milojević, Milica; Hadži Pešić, Marina

    2012-01-01

    Interpersonalna psihoterapija je relativno nov psihoterapijski pristup, kratkog trajanja, čiji je fokus psihoterapijski rad na problemima u socijalnoj i interpersonalnoj sferi. Originalno razvijena od strane Klermana, Chevrona i Weissmana u svrhu liječenja depresije, danas se koristi kod velikog broja poremećaja. U njenoj osnovi nalazi se, sve prisutniji u teoriji i praksi, biopsihosocijalni model psihološkog funkcioniranja. Prema ovom modelu biološki, socijalni i psihološki faktori zajedn...

  5. Unmet needs of bipolar disorder patients

    OpenAIRE

    Hajda M; Prasko J; Latalova K; Hruby R; Ociskova M; Holubova M; Kamaradova D; Mainerova B

    2016-01-01

    Miroslav Hajda,1 Jan Prasko,1 Klara Latalova,1 Radovan Hruby,2 Marie Ociskova,1 Michaela Holubova,1,3 Dana Kamaradova,1 Barbora Mainerova1 1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 2Outpatient Psychiatric Department, Martin, Slovak Republic; 3Department of Psychiatry, Regional Hospital Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a serious mental illness with advers...

  6. Treatment of short stature and growth hormone deficiency in children with somatotropin (rDNA origin)

    OpenAIRE

    Hardin, Dana S.

    2008-01-01

    Dana S HardinOhio State University and Columbus Children’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USAAbstract: Somatotropin (growth hormone, GH) of recombinant DNA origin has provided a readily available and safe drug that has greatly improved management of children and adolescents with GH deficiency (GHD) and other disorders of growth. In the US and Europe, regulatory agencies have given approval for the use of GH in children and adults who meet specific criteria. However, clinical and ethical ...

  7. Comparing the effects of introduced signal crayfish and native noble crayfish on the littoral invertebrate assemblages of boreal lakes

    OpenAIRE

    Ercoli, Fabio; Ruokonen, Timo; Erkamo, Esa; Jones, Roger; Hämäläinen, Heikki

    2015-01-01

    The introduced North American signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana) has replaced the native noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) in many European freshwaters and can be considered a new component of these ecosystems. The 2 species are apparently similar in many respects, but their ecological equivalence is uncertain and has been little investigated, especially at the whole-lake scale. We compared the effects of the 2 species on the abundance, species richness, and compositio...

  8. EST Table: FS936890 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/13 54 %/305 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 10/08/29 37 %/254 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 fwgP ...

  9. EST Table: FS806562 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/09 54 %/235 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 10/08/29 39 %/211 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 fmgV ...

  10. EST Table: FS884126 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/12 54 %/215 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 10/08/29 41 %/192 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 ftes ...

  11. EST Table: AU004389 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available e-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/28 55 %/230 aa FBpp0117251|DanaGF1...4059-PA 10/08/27 40 %/206 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#UniProt:Q21752#...480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 ws2 ...

  12. EST Table: FS734186 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/03 55 %/212 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 10/08/28 40 %/187 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 bmmt ...

  13. EST Table: CK492038 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/30 53 %/213 aa FBpp011725...1|DanaGF14059-PA 10/08/28 40 %/187 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#UniPro...ef|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 swa ...

  14. EST Table: FS852919 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/11 54 %/233 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 10/08/29 40 %/209 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 fner ...

  15. EST Table: AV405813 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ge-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/28 55 %/231 aa FBpp0117251|DanaGF...14059-PA 10/08/27 40 %/206 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#UniProt:Q21752...7480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 wdV3 ...

  16. EST Table: FY740801 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 11/11/04 55 %/276 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 11/11/04 38 %/246 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 famL ...

  17. EST Table: AV405302 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ge-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/28 55 %/231 aa FBpp0117251|DanaGF...14059-PA 10/08/27 40 %/206 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#UniProt:Q21752...7480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 wdV1 ...

  18. EST Table: FY744150 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 11/11/04 54 %/238 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 11/11/04 40 %/214 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 famL ...

  19. EST Table: FS926610 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/13 57 %/306 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 10/08/29 37 %/284 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 fwgP ...

  20. EST Table: BY917972 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/29 54 %/233 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 10/08/28 40 %/209 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 F1mg ...

  1. EST Table: FS756672 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/08 54 %/220 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 10/08/28 41 %/196 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 fcaL ...

  2. EST Table: FS768343 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/08 53 %/180 aa FBpp011...7251|DanaGF14059-PA 10/08/28 42 %/149 aa R05G6.7#CE29443#WBGene00019900#Channel Protein#status:Confirmed#Uni...1|ref|XP_967480.1| PREDICTED: similar to voltage-dependent anion-selective channel isoform 1 [Tribolium castaneum] FS795795 fcaL ...

  3. EST Table: FS763030 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS763030 E_FL_fcaL_32G13_F_0 10/09/28 70 %/151 aa gb|ABG42998.1| splicing factor 45... [Bombyx mori] 10/09/08 48 %/103 aa FBpp0119092|DanaGF15900-PA 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 45 %/102 aa AGAP009296-PA Protein|3R:30

  4. POJAV IN REŠEVANJE KONFLIKTA V ORGANIZACIJI

    OpenAIRE

    Kerčmar, Nataša

    2010-01-01

    Današnje razmere v državi in soočenje s kriznimi razmerami, se v organizacijah še lažje lahko izvaja konflikt. Zato je zelo pomembno, da znamo obvladovati konfliktne situacije in njihove načine - metode za razrešitev le teh. Za pozitivno razrešitev konfliktov je potrebno le dvoje: razumeti, kako nastane konflikt in ustvariti nato vzdušje, ki poudarja pozitivno lastnost konflikta

  5. Weight status and body image perceptions in adolescents: current perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Voelker DK; Reel JJ; Greenleaf C

    2015-01-01

    Dana K Voelker,1 Justine J Reel,2 Christy Greenleaf3 1West Virginia University, College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Morgantown, WV, 2University of North Carolina Wilmington, College of Health and Human Services, Wilmington, NC, 3University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, College of Health Sciences, Milwaukee, WI, USA Abstract: Adolescence represents a pivotal stage in the development of positive or negative body image. Many influences exist during the teen years including tran...

  6. The impact of social support on the risk of eating disorders in women exposed to intimate partner violence

    OpenAIRE

    Schirk DK; Lehman EB; Perry AN; Ornstein RM; McCall-Hosenfeld JS

    2015-01-01

    Dana K Schirk,1 Erik B Lehman,2 Amanda N Perry,3 Rollyn M Ornstein,4 Jennifer S McCall-Hosenfeld2,5 1The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, 2Department of Public Health Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, 3Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, Division of Rural Sociology, College of Agriculture, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 4Department of Pediatrics, 5Department of Medicine, The Pennsylvania St...

  7. Pravni ustroj nogometnih klubova u Republici Hrvatskoj

    OpenAIRE

    Ivkošić, Marko

    2010-01-01

    Djelatnost sudjelovanja u nogometnim natjecanjima naši nogometni klubovi obavljaju amaterski i profesionalno. Nastoji se prikazati ustroj i djelovanje profesionalnih nogometnih klubova. Uobičajeni ustrojbeni oblik udruge danas ima alternativu u športskom dioničkom društvu. Analiziraju se prednsti i nedostaci ustrojbenih tipova nogometnih klubova. Zbog posvemašnje komercijalizacije nogometa dovodi se u pitanje prikladnost ustrojbenog oblika kod naših najuspješnijih klugova. Ekonomski nezdravi ...

  8. Investigating the effects of knowledge management and organizational innovation on organizational strategy: Evidence from insurance industry

    OpenAIRE

    Seyed Mohsen Taheri; Amir Homayoun Sarfaraz; Seyed Mohsen Seyed AliAkbar

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an exploratory factor analysis on knowledge management and organizational innovation items influencing on organizational strategy. The study designs a questionnaire in Likert scale and distributes it among 210 employees in an insurance firm named Dana located in Iran. Cronbach alpha has been well above 0.90, which confirms the validity of the overall survey. Using principle component analysis, the study extracts six critical success factors influencing on knowledge managem...

  9. EST Table: FS752084 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available P_971046.2| PREDICTED: similar to antolefinin [Tribolium castaneum] FS752084 caL- ... ...FS752084 E_ET_caL-_07O17_R_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 39 %/198 aa ref|XP_971046.2| PREDICTED: similar to antole...finin [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/08 34 %/152 aa FBpp0116483|DanaGF13291-PA 10/08/2

  10. High Throughput Interrogation of Somatic Mutations in High Grade Serous Cancer of the Ovary

    OpenAIRE

    Ursula A Matulonis; Michelle Hirsch; Emanuele Palescandolo; Eejung Kim; Joyce Liu; Paul Van Hummelen; Laura MacConaill; Ronny Drapkin; Hahn, William C.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most lethal of all gynecologic malignancies, and high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) is the most common subtype of ovarian cancer. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and types of point somatic mutations in HGSC using a mutation detection protocol called OncoMap that employs mass spectrometric-based genotyping technology. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The Center for Cancer Genome Discovery (CCGD) Program at the Dana-Far...

  11. Reproductive behavior of intertidal hermit crabs (Decapoda, Anomura) in southeastern Brazil Comportamento reprodutivo de ermitões (Decapoda, Anomura) entremarés no sudeste brasileiro

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander Turra

    2005-01-01

    The reproductive behavior of four intertidal hermit crab species [Clibanarius antillensis Stimpson, 1859, C. sclopetarius (Herbst, 1796), C. vittatus (Bosc, 1802), and Pagurus criniticornis (Dana, 1852)] was studied in São Sebastião Channel, southeastern Brazil. The overall behavior followed previous descriptions for Diogenid and Pagurid hermit crabs but some particular differences were recorded. Male to male agonistic encounters over females and guarding behavior were more common to C. sclop...

  12. RODNI STEREOTIPI: OBJEKTIVIZACIJA ŽENSKOG LIKA U MEDIJIMA

    OpenAIRE

    Lubina, Tihana; Brkić Klimpak, Ivana

    2014-01-01

    Suvremeni mediji danas, osobito televizija i internet, usko su povezani s proizvodnjom i utjelovljenjem kulturnih identiteta. Naime, svjesnom se uporabom i ponavljanjem stereotipa kod primatelja informacija na suptilnoj razini ustaljuju arhetipske osobitosti muškaraca i žena koje su već društveno konstruirane kategorijom roda. Jednom usvojeni, takvi rodni stereotipi bivaju izrazito otporni na promjene uslijed novih informacija, pretvarajući se u obrasce koji se uzimaju kao reprezentativan nač...

  13. Crowfunding: A Way to Financing Creative Business in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bima Yudhistira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstractCrowdfunding, a new term in financial industries. It provides fund for a new start-up project. In Australia where it becomes the basis of this study, Pozible as a leading crowdfunding platform has already launched 6.929 projects. The fund of US$22.930.536 was used for financing the projects, and 56 percent of the projects were successful. This research has an objective; it is to measure the degree of significancy using linear regression model. The result shows that among the businesses that has already funded by crowdfunding system, ‘video game’ is one of the most favorite project. It is successful in getting pledges. However, food and drink did not get fund as much as the favorites project. It was based on the percentage of fund that has already got from crowdfunding. In short, crowdfunding can help creative business as a top rank start-up rather than manufacture business.Crowdfunding, istilah baru dalam industri keuangan. Crowdfunding adalah dana untuk proyek rintisan. Pozible sebagai platform crowdfunding terkemuka telah meluncurkan 6,929 proyek di Australia. Negara tersebut menjadi dasar dari penelitian ini. Dana sebesar $ 22.930.536 US digunakan untuk membiayai proyek-proyek dan 56 persen dari proyek tersebut sukses. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat signifikansi dengan menggunakan model regresi linier. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa di antara bisnis yang sudah didanai oleh sistem crowdfunding, ‘video game’ adalah salah satu proyek yang paling favorit dan sukses dalam mendapatkan jaminan. Sedangkan makanan dan minuman tidak mendapatkan dana sebanyak proyek favorit. Hal ini didasarkan pada persentase dana yang telah diperoleh dari crowdfunding. Kesimpulannya adalah crowdfunding lebih bisa membantu bisnis kreatif sebagai a top rank start-up daripada bisnis manufaktur

  14. Pakistani childrens’ views of TV advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Kashif; Umair Altaf; Sajid Ali; Umer Asif; Hafiz Muhammad Ayub; Wafa Abeer; Ernest Cyril de Run

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study explores Pakistani children’s views regarding TV advertising and outlines the factors impacting their choice of snack brands. Thirty-six children from three schools were selected purposefully and qualitative dana was collected through focus group sessions held in schools. Findings suggest that children understand the intended message of snack brand advertisers. Different variants of brands focusing on some product- and non-product related elements are considered imperat...

  15. KOMPARATIVNA ANALIZA SOCIALNEGA MARKETINGA V DVEH NEPROFITNIH SLOVENSKIH ORGANIZACIJAH

    OpenAIRE

    Prnjavorac, Nihada

    2016-01-01

    Neprofitne organizacije igrajo zelo pomembno vlogo v današnji družbi. In čeprav njihova opredelitev ni enostavna, se avtorji strinjajo, da neprofitne organizacije obstajajo za zagotavljanje splošne izboljšave v družbi. Njihov obseg dela daleč presega prodajo vsakdanjih izdelkov ali ponudbo vsakodnevnih storitev. Enako kot pridobitne organizacije, neprofitne organizacije tudi uporabljajo marketing v svojih aktivnosti, vendar z eno razliko: njihove dejavnosti so usmerjene v korist njihovih c...

  16. Encimska sinteza laktatnih estrov v nekonvencionalnih topilih

    OpenAIRE

    Kavčič, Sabina

    2014-01-01

    Laktatni estri, ki se pogosto uporabljajo v prehrambeni, farmacevtski in kozmetični industriji, so med najbolj pomembnimi derivati mlečne kisline. V današnjem času je velik poudarek na biorazgradljivosti produktov in uporabi okolju prijazne tehnologije, zato je potrebno temu primerno tudi izbrati topila za sintezo laktatnih estrov. Encimsko katalizirane reakcije lahko namesto v vodnem mediju izvajamo tudi v konvencionalnih organskih topilih ali v nekonvencionalnih topilih, kot so superkritičn...

  17. The importance of dietary calcium consumption in two species of semi-terrestrial grapsoid crabs A importância do consumo de cálcio na dieta de duas espécies de caranguejos grapsóides semi-terrestres

    OpenAIRE

    Flavia P. Zanotto; Felipe Pinheiro; Marina G. e Sá

    2009-01-01

    Calcium (Ca) is essential for crustaceans, due to calcium carbonate (CaCO3) deposition in the new exoskeleton to harden it. The purpose of this work was to study short term Ca balance in terms of dietary Ca ingestion in two phylogenetically related crabs (Superfamily Grapsoidea) showing different degrees of terrestrial adaptations: Sesarma rectum Randall, 1840 and Neohelice granulata (Dana, 1851). Dietary Ca ingestion was studied using purified diets with different Ca concentrations (0, 2.2 a...

  18. UTJECAJ KASTRACIJE NA REZULTATE TOVA I ODLIKE TRUPOVA JUNADI HOLŠTAJN PASMINE

    OpenAIRE

    Konjačić, Miljenko; KOS, IVICA; Jakopović, Tomislav; Ivanković, Ante; Širić, Ivan; Kelava Ugarković, Nikolina; Kušec, Vlado; Marenčić, Dean

    2013-01-01

    Cilj rada bio je utvrditi utjecaj kastracije muške junadi holštajn pasmine na rezultate tova i odlike trupova na liniji klanja. Istraživanjem je utvrđeno da su kastrirana junad pri prosječnoj dobi od 420 dana imala značajno manju klaoničku masu, topli randman i kalo hlađenja (P

  19. Perspectives on perceived stigma and self-stigma in adult male patients with depression

    OpenAIRE

    Latalova K; Kamaradova D; Prasko J

    2014-01-01

    Klara Latalova, Dana Kamaradova, Jan Prasko Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University Palacky Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic Abstract: There are two principal types of stigma in mental illness, ie, “public stigma” and “self-stigma”. Public stigma is the perception held by others that the mentally ill individual is socially undesirable. Stigmatized persons may internalize perceived prejudices and develop negative feeling...

  20. Novi commonwealthski model konstitucionalizma (Kanada, Australija i Indija)

    OpenAIRE

    Bačić, Petar

    2010-01-01

    Na tradicionalno britansko načelo nepovredivosti parlamentarnog suvereniteta posebno je utjecala emancipacija zemalja Commonwealtha. Od 1931, kada se temeljem Westminsterskog akta imperijalni parlament odrekao unilateralnog obnašanja zakonodavne vlasti za dominione, do danas teorija parlamentarnog suvereniteta kao neograničene zakonodavne vlasti mijenjala se pod pritiskom političke realnosti. Taj je proces bio posebno naglašen između 1982. i 1998. godine, kada su Ujedinjeno ...

  1. Singlid. Albumid : Sound / Ahto Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Ahto

    1998-01-01

    Uutest singlitest Foo Fighters "Walking After You", Uni "St.Johns Fever", R.E.M."Daysleeper", Laila "Here We Go Again", Morcheeba "Part Of The Process", Alanis Morissette "Thank You" ja albumitest Sash! "Life Goes on", Dana International "The Album", Juice "Juice", Mica Paris "Black Angel", Music Instructor "Electro City", Republica "Speed Ballads", Crystal Waters "Best Of", Suzanne Vega "Tried And True.Best Of" ja filmimuusikakogumikust "The Oliver Stone Connection"

  2. new species of the crab genus Zozymodes (Crustacea: Decapoda: Xanthidae from Guam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lasley, R.M., Jr.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available new species of xanthid crab, Zozymodes sculptus sp. nov.,from Guam is described and illustrated. Zozymodes sculptus is distinguished from its congeners Z. cavipes (Dana, 1852a, Z. nodosus Klunzinger, 1913, Z. pumilus (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1846, Z. xanthoides (Krauss, 1843, and Z. demani Odhner, 1925, by its unusual raised crests of the carapace, two anterior-pointing anterolateral teeth, deep furrow formed by parallel crests on the superior margin of the chelae, and proportionately more narrow carapace.

  3. Socijalna politika i obitelj

    OpenAIRE

    Puljiz, Vlado

    1994-01-01

    U ovom članku analizira se evolucija i priroda socijalne politike prema obitelji u europskim zemljama. Autor intervenciju države u privatnu sferu obitelji, u smislu materijalne i druge potpore, dovodi u vezu s nastankom industrijskog društva i raspadom mreže tradicionalne porodične solidarnosti. U razvijenim zemljama socijalna davanja za djecu i obitelj danas su vrlo razvijena. Ipak, neki proklamirani ciljevi socijalne politike prema obitelji nisu postignuti, prije svega oni pronatalitetni. U...

  4. Pelagic Ostracods of the Genera Halocypris and Felia (Subfamily Halocypridinae) from the North Pacific

    OpenAIRE

    Chavtur, Vladimir G.; STOVBUN, GALINA G.

    2008-01-01

    Morphology of Halocypris inflata (Dana, 1853), H. pelagica Claus, 1890, Felia cornuta (Müller, 1906) and F. bicornis (Müller, 1906) is examined with North Pacific materials and compared with previous records. Complete synonymy and corrected distribution were given for these species. Halocypris angustifrontalis, new species is described in detail. It differs from known species of this genus by its very large size and the structure of the coxal segment of the mandible. Keys to all species of bo...

  5. Study examines quality of life factors at end of life for patients with cancer | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Better quality of life at the end of life for patients with advanced cancer was associated with avoiding hospitalizations and the intensive care unit, worrying less, praying or meditating, being visited by a pastor in a hospital or clinic, and having a therapeutic alliance with their physician, according to a Dana-Farber Cancer Institute report published Online First by Archives of Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication. |

  6. Uloga i značenje menadžmenta u osiguranju

    OpenAIRE

    Stanić, Luka; Glavaš, Jerko

    2013-01-01

    Uvjeti u kojima danas djeluju osiguravateljske organizacije u Republici Hrvatskoj, znatno su promijenjeni u odnosu na stanje prije nekoliko godina. Promjene u gospodarskomu sustavu, koje su još u tijeku, bitno mijenjaju uvjete poslovanja osiguravateljskih organizacija u RH te se od njih zahtijeva kontinuirano praćenje kretanja u okolini, brzo djelovanje, inoviranje i poboljšavanje osiguravateljskih usluga sukladno potrebama korisnika. Ključnu ulogu u provedbi organizacijske prilagodb...

  7. Suzbijanja nezakonite trgovine opojnim drogama na međunarodnom planu s osvrtom na hrvatsko kazneno zakonodavstvo

    OpenAIRE

    Milivojević, Lana

    2009-01-01

    U tekstu se ukazuje na konstantnu aktualnost nezakonite trgovine drogom kao pojavnom obliku transnacionalnoga organiziranog kriminala. Radi ukazivanja na dugotrajnost problema vezanih uz opojne droge opisan je put međunarodnopravne regulacije vezane uz opojne droge od samih začetaka pa do danas. Također su navedene i odredbe hrvatskoga kaznenopravnog zakonodavstva koje reguliraju to područje, uz osvrt na pribavljene statističke podatke o kriminalitetu droga.

  8. Technologies of Existence: The indigenous environmental justice movement

    OpenAIRE

    Dana E Powell

    2006-01-01

    Dana E. Powell argues that the Indigenous Environmental Justice Movement in North America is resignifying ‘development’ through emerging discourses and practices of ‘environmental justice’. She focuses on the emergence of wind and solar energy technologies in the movement as technologies of existence, challenging a history of biopolitical regimes of natural resource development of indigenous lands and bodies while also proposing an alternative approach to cultivating healthy economies, ecolog...

  9. Violent victimization of adult patients with severe mental illness: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Latalova K; Kamaradova D; Prasko J

    2014-01-01

    Klara Latalova,1,2 Dana Kamaradova,1,2 Jan Prasko1,2 1Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 2Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic Abstract: The aims of this paper are to review data on the prevalence and correlates of violent victimization of persons with severe mental illness, to critically evaluate the literature, and to explore possible approaches for future research. PubMed/MEDLINE and PsycINFO d...

  10. Bortezomib in the management of multiple myeloma

    OpenAIRE

    Richardson, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Jacob P Laubach, Constantine S Mitsiades, Teru Hideshima, Robert Schlossman, Dharminder Chauhan, Nikhil Munshi, Irene Ghobrial, Nicole Carreau, Kenneth C Anderson, Paul G RichardsonDepartment of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USAAbstract: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a B-cell malignancy characterized by clonal expansion of plasma cells within the bone marrow, the presence of a serum and/or urine monoclonal protein, lytic bone lesions, and anemia. On a cellu...

  11. Mutation detection in the human HSP70B′ gene by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography

    OpenAIRE

    Hecker, Karl H.; Asea, Alexzander; Kobayashi, Kaoru; Green, Stacy; Tang, Dan; Calderwood, Stuart K

    2000-01-01

    Variances, particularly single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), in the genomic sequence of individuals are the primary key to understanding gene function as it relates to differences in the susceptibility to disease, environmental influences, and therapy. In this report, the HSP70B′ gene is the target sequence for mutation detection in biopsy samples from human prostate cancer patients undergoing combined hyperthermia and radiation therapy at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, using temperature...

  12. Editorial

    OpenAIRE

    Kieran MW

    2011-01-01

    Mark KieranDana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USARapid advances in the molecular characterization of cancer have resulted in new approaches to treatment. For greatest impact, targeted agents, in combination with traditional therapies, will need to be tested in each age group and for each disease. Adolescents and young adults are being recognized as a distinct group of patients that unfortunately are under-represented in formal clinical trials and new treatment assessments. The reason f...

  13. Banting Lecture 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Spiegelman, Bruce M.

    2013-01-01

    The Banting Medal for Scientific Achievement Award is the American Diabetes Association's highest scientific award and honors an individual who has made significant, long-term contributions to the understanding of diabetes, its treatment, and/or prevention.The award is named after Nobel Prize winner Sir Frederick Banting, who codiscovered insulin treatment for diabetes. Bruce M. Spiegelman, PhD, of Harvard Medical School and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, received the American Di...

  14. B cell receptor pathway in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: specific role of CC-292

    OpenAIRE

    Arnason JE; Brown JR

    2014-01-01

    Jon E Arnason,1 Jennifer R Brown21Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 2CLL Center, Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USAAbstract: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukemia. The current treatment paradigm involves the use of chemoimmunotherapy, when patients develop an indication for therapy. With this strategy, a majority of patients will obtain a remission, though cure remains elusive. While treatabl...

  15. Advances in the treatment of monoclonal gammopaties: The emerging role of targeted therapy in plasma cell dyscrasias

    OpenAIRE

    Malagola, Michele

    2008-01-01

    Aldo M Roccaro1, Irene M Ghobrial1, Simona Blotta1, Steven P Treon1, Michele Malagola2, Kenneth C Anderson1, Paul G Richardson1, Domenico Russo21Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; 2Unit of Blood Diseases and Cell Therapies, University of Brescia Medical School, Brescia, ItalyAbstract: The paradigm for the treatment of monoclonal gammopaties has dramatically changed: therapeutic options in multiple myeloma (MM) have evolved...

  16. Multicenter Validation Study of a Transplantation-Specific Cytogenetics Grouping Scheme for Patients with Myelodysplastic Syndromes

    OpenAIRE

    Armand, Philippe; Deeg, H. Joachim; Kim, Haesook T.; Lee, Hun; Armistead, Paul; Lima, Marcos; Gupta, Vikas; Soiffer, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    Cytogenetics are an important prognostic factor for patients with MDS. However, existing cytogenetics grouping schemes are based on patients treated with supportive care, and may not be optimal for patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). We previously proposed an SCT-specific cytogenetics grouping scheme for patients with MDS and AML arising from MDS, based on an analysis of patients transplanted at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Under this ...

  17. A disease risk index for patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation

    OpenAIRE

    Armand, Philippe; Gibson, Christopher J.; Cutler, Corey; Ho, Vincent T.; Koreth, John; Alyea, Edwin P.; Ritz, Jerome; Sorror, Mohamed L.; Lee, Stephanie J.; Deeg, H. Joachim; Storer, Barry E.; Appelbaum, Frederick R.; Antin, Joseph H.; Soiffer, Robert J.; Kim, Haesook T.

    2012-01-01

    The outcome of allogeneic HSCT varies considerably by the disease and remission status at the time of transplantation. Any retrospective or prospective HSCT study that enrolls patients across disease types must account for this heterogeneity; yet, current methods are neither standardized nor validated. We conducted a retrospective study of 1539 patients who underwent transplantation at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Hospital from 2000 to 2009. Using multivariable models for ...

  18. Morphological and functional study of the marginal sphincter of the sea anemones Phymactis clematis and Aulactinia marplatensis from intertidal of Mar del Plata, Argentina Estudio morfológico y funcional del esfínter marginal de las anémonas de mar Phymactis clematis y Aulactinia marplatensis del intermareal de Mar del Plata, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Elvira A. González Oliveira; Darlo Luis Patronelli; Mauricio O. Zamponi

    2009-01-01

    It was made the characterization of marginal sphincter to the species Phymactis clematis (Drayton in Dana, 1849) and Aulactinia marplatensis (Zamponi, 1977), from intertidal ecosystem through their morphogical and functional study. The species P. clematis has a circumscript sphincter of palmate type. This muscle is constituted by a mesogloeal axis and several mesogloeal subaxes. Axis as well as subaxes give a support to the endoderm which border is smooth. Aulactinia marplatensis has a circun...

  19. Rasprostranjenje hrvatske golupke Hemaris croatica (Esper, 1800) (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) u Hrvatskoj

    OpenAIRE

    Koren, Toni; Bjelić, Maja; Perović, Franjo; Šašić, Martina; Mihoci, Iva; Kučinić, Mladen

    2011-01-01

    Hrvatska golupka je vrsta iz porodice noćnih leptira ljiljaka, izrazite dnevne aktivnosti, opisana iz okolice Karlovca prije više od 200 godina. Od toga razdoblja pa sve do danas postoje tek sporadična publicirana opažanja ove vrste, bez sveobuhvatnog pregleda njezine rasprostranjenosti u Hrvatskoj. Radi distribucije hrvatske golupke prikupljena je i pregledana sva dostupna literatura te zbirke leptira dvaju najvećih hrvatskih prirodoslovnih muzeja. Podatci prikupljeni tijekom zadnjih godina ...

  20. Liderazgo en prevención de riesgos laborales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Ambroj Sancho

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La planificación, implantación y mantenimiento de una serie de acciones y herramientas concretas, dentro de una cultura preventiva y de mejora continua, que han mostrado ser efectivas en la mejora de las condiciones de trabajo, en la reducción de la siniestralidad, y que conllevan un incremento en la satisfacción de las personas que trabajan en Dana.

  1. EST Table: FY018987 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 65 %/216 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741-PA 11/11...1/04 65 %/217 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 11/11/04 60 %/269 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS825195 bmov ...

  2. EST Table: FY011202 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ibosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 66 %/166 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741-PA 11/11/.../04 63 %/169 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 11/11/04 58 %/221 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS825195 bmov ...

  3. EST Table: FY020101 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 66 %/220 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741-PA 11/11...1/04 64 %/229 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 11/11/04 59 %/281 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS825195 bmov ...

  4. Psychological factors and treatment effectiveness in resistant anxiety disorders in highly comorbid inpatients

    OpenAIRE

    Ociskova M; Prasko J; Latalova K; Kamaradova D; Grambal A

    2016-01-01

    Marie Ociskova, Jan Prasko, Klara Latalova, Dana Kamaradova, Ales Grambal Department of Psychiatry, Olomouc University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, Czech Republic Background: Anxiety disorders are a group of various mental syndromes that have been related with generally poor treatment response. Several psychological factors may improve or hinder treatment effectiveness. Hope has a direct impact on the effectiveness of psychotherapy. Also, d...

  5. Psychological factors and treatment effectiveness in resistant anxiety disorders in highly comorbid inpatients

    OpenAIRE

    Prasko, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Marie Ociskova, Jan Prasko, Klara Latalova, Dana Kamaradova, Ales Grambal Department of Psychiatry, Olomouc University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, Czech Republic Background: Anxiety disorders are a group of various mental syndromes that have been related with generally poor treatment response. Several psychological factors may improve or hinder treatment effectiveness. Hope has a direct impact on the effectiveness of psychotherapy. Als...

  6. Prikazi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razni autori

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Mateo Žagar, Grafolingvistika srednjovjekovnih tekstova. Zagreb: Matica hrvatska, 2007.Aleksandar Stipčević, Socijalna povijest knjige u Hrvata. Knjiga III. Od početaka hrvatskoga narodnog preporoda (1835. do danas.Zagreb: Školska knjiga, 2008.Miha Kovač, Never Mind the Web, Here Comes the Book. Oxford: Chandos Publishing, 2008.Miha Kovač - Nives Tomašević, Knjiga, tranzicija, iluzija. Zagreb: Naklada Ljevak, 2009.

  7. Morphological and morphometrical analysis of Heterodera spp. populations in Jordan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafi, Hamzeh A; Al-Banna, Luma; Sadder, Monther T; Migdadi, Hussein M

    2016-01-01

    Phenotypic diversity of five Jordanian populations of cyst nematodes, Heterodera spp. collected from five regions from Jordan (Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana, Al-Karak, and Jerash) was investigated. Soil samples were collected from one representative field in each region. Morphological and morphometrical characteristics revealed that Heterodera latipons is dominated in cereal fields at Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana and Al-Karak regions and Heterodera schachtii in Jerash. Cysts populations from all cereal fields had bifenestrate vulval cone and a strong underbridge. Wherever, cysts of the cabbage population had ambifenestrate vulval cone with long vulval slit. The bullae were absent in Ar-Ramtha, Madaba and Dana populations, but present in Al-Karak and Jerash. Based on 12 morphometrical characters, the first three functions in canonical discriminant analysis accounted 99.3% of the total variation. Distance from dorsal gland duct opening to stylet base, underbridge length, a = L/W (body length/midbody width) and length of hyaline tail tip had strong and significant contributions in the first function. While the second function was strongly influenced by length of hyaline tail, fenestral length, fenestral width and tail length. However, the third canonical discriminate function was found to be influenced by stylet length, fenestral length, a = L/W (body length/midbody width) and underbridge width. The graphical representation of the distribution of the samples showed that the first canonical discriminant function clearly separated H. schachtii from Jerash from other populations. Whereas, H. latipons collected from Madaba and Dana were clearly separated in the second function. The results indicated that differences at morphological and morphometrical levels revealed diverse populations of Heterodera spp. in Jordan. PMID:26858546

  8. Quality of life and parental styles assessed by adolescents suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases and their parents

    OpenAIRE

    Jelenova D; Prasko J; Ociskova M; Latalova K; Karaskova E; Hruby R; Kamaradova D; Mihal V

    2016-01-01

    Daniela Jelenova,1 Jan Prasko,1 Marie Ociskova,1 Klara Latalova,1 Eva Karaskova,2 Radovan Hruby,3 Dana Kamaradova,1 Vladimir Mihal21Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University, University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 3Private Practice, Martin, Slovak RepublicBackground: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in adolescents are chronic medical conditions with a substantial influence on the quality of life (QoL) of the fami...

  9. Quality of life and parental styles assessed by adolescents suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases and their parents

    OpenAIRE

    Prasko, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Daniela Jelenova,1 Jan Prasko,1 Marie Ociskova,1 Klara Latalova,1 Eva Karaskova,2 Radovan Hruby,3 Dana Kamaradova,1 Vladimir Mihal21Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University, University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 3Private Practice, Martin, Slovak RepublicBackground: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in adolescents are chronic medical conditions with a substantial influence on the quality of life (QoL) of the ...

  10. Rapid and quantitative detection of C-reactive protein using quantum dots and immunochromatographic test strips

    OpenAIRE

    Ming, Chen

    2014-01-01

    Xianglin Cheng,1,* Xu Pu,2,* Pen Jun,3 XiaoBo Zhu,3 Di Zhu,4 Ming Chen1 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, RenMin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, 3Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Biology and Medicine (Ministry of Education), College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber...

  11. Rapid and quantitative detection of C-reactive protein using quantum dots and immunochromatographic test strips

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Xianglin Cheng,1,* Xu Pu,2,* Pen Jun,3 XiaoBo Zhu,3 Di Zhu,4 Ming Chen1 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, RenMin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, 3Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Biology and Medicine (Ministry of Education), College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Can...

  12. 19th-century American contributions to the recording of tremors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanska, D J

    2000-07-01

    Studies of tremor in the 19th century were based initially on simple observation and later on the use of crude graphic recording devices that had been modified from instruments developed for other purposes. Like several European contemporaries, American investigators studying tremor used and adapted various existing instruments, including tambours and sphygmographs. A tambour used a drum-shaped pneumatic mechanism to transmit movements to a recording instrument, whereas the sphygmograph was a nonpneumatic mechanical device initially used to record the pulse. 19th-century American neurologists who used such devices included Frederick Peterson, Hobart Amory Hare, Charles Loomis Dana, and Augustus A. Eshner. Their measurements of tremor frequency were generally consistent with modern estimates for various types of tremor. Eshner, in particular, was frustrated by the overlap of frequency domains for tremors in different diseases, because this precluded use of tremor frequency alone as a differentiating feature for diagnosis. Peterson and Dana recognized the variation in tremor frequency in different body parts resulting from different natural resonance frequencies of these parts as a function of weight and elastic properties. Peterson, Dana, and Eshner also recognized that tremor amplitude and frequency are inversely related. Finally, these 19th-century investigators recognized that the tremor of Parkinson's disease is a relatively low-frequency rest tremor, suppressed by action, and generally synchronous in symmetric body parts, but varying in amplitude and frequency in different body parts or over time.

  13. Toxicity tests with crustaceans for detecting sublethal effects of potential endocrine disrupting chemicals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wollenberger, Leah

    of effective concentrations (ECx). After having demonstrated that larval development of A. tonsa was a very sensitive endpoint for evaluating effects of chemicals that might interfere with the endocrine system of crustaceans, the larval development test has been applied to two groups of emerging environmental...... of in vitro assays and (sub)chronic copepod tests, as applied in this study, is a valuable tool when screening chemicals suspected to be specifically toxic, in particular, to interfere with the endocrine system. The results of the experimental work as well as the literature survey demonstrated clearly......New and updated test methods to detect and characterise endocrine disrupting chemicals are urgently needed for the purpose of environmental risk assessment. Although endocrine disruption in invertebrates has not been studied as extensive as in vertebrates, in particular in fish, numerous reports...

  14. 基于线粒体cox1片段序列的胶州湾浮游动物DNA条形码分析%DNA BARCODING OF ZOOPLANKTON IN THE JIAOZHOU BAY FOR SPECIES IDENTIFICATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏晓; 程方平; 李超伦; 孙松

    2011-01-01

    species.According to the Bayesian and neighbor-joining trees,the monophyly of all the species was resolved,with the node confidence support value of 1.However,the genetic divergence at the level of genera and family overlapped,possibly owing to the substitutional saturation.The lack of gap precluded the utility of cox1 sequence as the only molecular markers for phylogenetic issues at above levels.At higher taxonomic levels,cox1 sequences exhibited some resolving power by clustering the species within the lineage for some groups,including Copepoda,Scyphozoa,and Chaetognatha.In addition,DNA barcodes allowed recognition of cryptic species and mis-identified species.Based on the analyses of DNA barcodes,species names of several copepods were revised.Acartia hongi and Acartia omorii were mislabeled as Acartia bifilosa and Acartia clausi in previous reports.Acartia pacifica,which had been considered as one species with an apparent ability to live at a very wide range of salinities,was actually comprised of two different species:Acartia pacifica present at high salinity and Acartia ohtsukai at low salinity.Consequently,DNA barcoding based on cox1 fragments were confirmed to be an appealing tool for zooplankton investigations by identifying specimens during all life stages.A comprehensive DNA barcode database will allow rapid assessment of species diversity and distribution of zooplankton in the Chinese coastal regions.%采用cox1基因特异扩增测序的方法,分析了胶州湾45种常见海洋动物的DNA条形码序列82条,联合GenBank中28条cox1序列的分析结果表明:种内个体间遗传差异均值为0.013(0—0.11);属内不同种间遗传差异均值为0.265(0.137—0.369),是种内遗传差异的20多倍,条形码间隙明显。在分子系统树中,所有种类的不同个体都聚成一个单系枝;cox1序列遗传差异在科、属水平发生重叠,无法准确解析上述分类阶元的系统发育关系;但在更高分类阶元,cox1序列具

  15. Seasonal change in body length of important small copepods and relationship with environmental factors in Jiaozhou Bay,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Xiaohong; SUN Song; LI Chaolun; WANG Minxiao

    2012-01-01

    Differences among species in prosome length and in species' response to environmental factors do exist.Therefore,it is useful to examine prosome length for different copepod species in variable environments.Seasonal variations in prosome length of four small copepods and their copepodite stages in the Jiaozhou Bay were compared and the relative influence of temperature,salinity,and chlorophyll concentration were examined.Two peaks were found in the mean prosome length of Paracalanusparvus (in early winter and May).For Acartia bifilosa,the maximum values of all copepodites occurred mainly from February to April,and decreased to the bottom in July.Prosome length of Acartia pacifica peaked when it first appeared in June,then reached to the minimum in July.Parvocalanus crassirostris only appeared from late summer to autumn and the mean prosome length showed no clear changes.Correlations of adult prosome length with environmental factors were evaluated.For the four species,temperature was negatively correlated to prosome length except for P.crassirostris.But the different species varied markedly in their responds to temperature.A.bifilosa showed a more definite trend of size variation with temperature than P.parvus and A.pacifica.Correlations of prosome length with salinity were significantly positive for almost all the small copepods.The relationship between chlorophyll concentration and prosome length was complicated for these copepods,but for P.parvus,chlorophyll concentration was also an important affecting factor.Furthermore,investigation needs to be done on food quality for some copepod.These results are essential to estimate the biomass and the production,and to understand these small copepods' population dynamics in this human-affected bay.

  16. PERANCANGAN FLOATING DOCK UNTUK DAERAH PERAIRAN PELABUHAN KOTA TEGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiryanto Kiryanto

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Floating dock merupakan bangunan air sebagai tempat reparasi kapal yang dinilai cukup efisien dalam pembangunannya karena tidak membutuhkan dana yang terlalu mahal. Di sektor indusrti perkapalan kota tegal sudah memiliki galangan dan dock reparasi kapal yang cukup berkembang.  Ide perancangan floating dock ini dirancang sebagai alternatif baru pelayanan reparasi kapal. Perancangan floating dock ini juga memperhatikan dengan detail kapasitas kapal – kapal yang pernah melakukan repararasi di sekitar galangan di Kota Tegal agar ditemukan ukuran utama floating dock yang tepat. Dari Kapasitas kapal yang ada dan berdasarkan metode perbandingan ukuran beberapa floating dock, maka ditemukan ukuran utama yang tepat untuk menampung kebutuhan pelayanan reparasi kapal yaitu LOA = 136,37 m, Lpt = 114.80 m, Bmax = 36,40 m, Bmd: 30,80 m, Tmin = 0,86 m, Tmax = 1,58 m, Hpt = 2,10 m, HOA = 9,60 m. Berdasarkan perhitungan ditemukan juga Ton Lifting Capacity (TLC sebesar 3000 ton. Perancangan menggunakan software perkapalan yaitu dengan menggunakan AutoCad, Delftship, Maxsurf dan Hidromax. Dengan analisa stabilitas menggunakan software Hidromax diketahui bahwa floating dock ini mampu memiliki stabilitas yang baik dengan 4 kondisi yang semua memenuhi criteria  International Maritime Organisation (IMO. Perancangan floating dock ini juga menghitung analisa ekonomis dan investasi. Dari rekapitulasi dana investasi pembangunan floating dock yaitu sebesar Rp.136.622.888.000,00 dengan nilai kembali atau break even point selama 10 tahun dengan modal sendiri, 14 tahun dengan 50% modal sendiri dan 50 % pinjaman bank, dan break event point 18 tahun untuk dana pembangunan floating dock yang berasal dari 100 % pinjaman bank

  17. InterVox 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Milinović, Majda

    2014-01-01

    Grad Osijek i Umjetnička akademija nekoliko su dana živjeli u znaku vokalne glazbe. Od 8. do 12. svibnja 2014. godine održan je još jedan, 2. po redu Međunarodni festival vokalne glazbe InterVox 2014. Festival se sastojao od nekoliko iznimno kvalitetnih glazbenih događanja, od kojih kao najznačajnije treba istaknuti: 2. Međunarodno pjevačko natjecanje Lav Mirski, 1. Smotra pjevačkih zborova i ansambala grada Osijeka i Koncert solista Fakulteta za glazbu i vizualne umjetnosti Pečuh.

  18. Gospodarska špijunaža - paradigma modernog svijeta

    OpenAIRE

    Đozić, Tomislav

    2012-01-01

    Gospodarska špijunaža u rudimentarnim oblicima egzistira još od vremena najstarijih civilizacija. Razvojem društava i gospodarstava razvijale su se i njezine metode koje su postajale sve sofisticiranije. Danas u svijetu egzistiraju brojni pojmovi koji se izravno ili neizravno vežu s područjem koje obuhvaća pojam gospodarske špijunaže. Temeljna podjela, odnosno razdjelnica među njima ogleda se u tome primjenjuju li njihovi nositelji legalne i/ili nezakonite metode djelovanja. U praksi čest je ...

  19. TRŽENJSKI SPLET V PODJETJU TOSAMA D.O.O.

    OpenAIRE

    Belaj, Maja

    2015-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava trženjski splet v podjetju Tosama d.o.o., v katerem poteka proizvodnja sanitetnega materiala. Današnje poslovno okolje je kompleksno in dinamično, zato se mu je potrebno nenehno prilagajati. Tega se zavedajo tudi v podjetju Tosama d.o.o.. Da bi si podjetje pridobilo konkurenčno prednost, mora imeti dodelan program trženjskega spleta. Namen diplomske naloge je prikazati teorijo in prakso trženjskega spleta v podjetju Tosama d.o.o. Cilj diplomske naloge je podati pre...

  20. RAZVOJ APLIKACIJE PRVAPOMOČ ZA MOBILNO PLATFORMO WINDOWS PHONE 8

    OpenAIRE

    Glinšek, Primož

    2015-01-01

    Svetovni trg pametnih telefonov je danes v izjemnem porastu. Aplikacije, ki delujejo na pametnih telefonih, so za ljudi postale vsakdanji pripomoček. Prav tako se vse več podjetij in organizacij odloča za uporabo mobilnih aplikacij, ki so prilagojene njihovim potrebam in igrajo pomembno vlogo v strategiji današnjega poslovnega sveta. Posledično je ključnega pomena postal razvoj mobilnih aplikacij in platform. V diplomskem delu smo se osredotočili na mobilno platformo Windows Phone 8, preu...

  1. Fenomenologija i moralna prosudba homoseksualnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Tomašević, Luka

    2003-01-01

    U ovom radu autor analizira fenomen homoseksualnosti, pokušava odrediti njezin pojam i vrste te pronaći uzroke, ukazuje na njezino povijesno postojanje u raznim društvima, na današnje agresivno širenje homoseksualnosti kao opravdanog stava i donosi moralnu prosudbu Katoličke crkve. Naglasivši najprije osnovne istine o spolnosti i spolnom identitetu, u prvom dijelu se ispituje fenomenologija homoseksualnosti i pokušava joj se dati odrednica. Potom se utvrđuje njezina opsto...

  2. Organiziranost sistema javnega alarmiranja in klic v sili 112 : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varstvoslovje

    OpenAIRE

    Brlan, Erik

    2013-01-01

    Naravne in druge nesreče so eden iz med glavnih vzrokov za grožnjo varnosti v družbi, vanjo vnesejo razpad nekaterih vrednot, na katere se družba zanaša v svojem obstoju, s čimer se različni sistemi kriznega upravljanja in vodenja spopadejo z različno stopnjo pripravljenosti in organiziranosti. Varnostni problemi današnjega časa se neusmiljeno širijo in vse bolj poudarjamo nevojaške, med katere zagotovo pripisujemo v prvi vrsti onesnaževanje okolja, posledice pa so nagla nihanja v spreminjanj...

  3. Funkcionalna dijagnostika astme

    OpenAIRE

    Plavec, Davor; Turkalj, Mirjana; Erceg, Damir

    2011-01-01

    Od astme u svijetu danas boluje oko 235 milijuna ljudi uz i dalje znatan porast pojavnosti te značajne međuregionalne razlike u učestalosti (2-35%). Osnovni patofiziološki mehanizam jest upala dišnih putova, a povremena i varijabilna opstrukcija dišnih putova te bronhalna hiperreaktivnost njezine su izravne i mjerljive manifestacije. Dijagnoza se postavlja klinički, ali se temeljem podležećih patofizioloških procesa dopunjuje funkcionalnom dijagnostikom. Dijagnostiku treba započeti spirometri...

  4. FENOTIPOVI ASTME I POREMEĆAJ HOMEOSTAZE IMUNOLOŠKOG SUSTAVA

    OpenAIRE

    STIPIĆ MARKOVIĆ, ASJA

    2011-01-01

    Danas razumijemo mnoge regulatorne putove u signalizaciji koja se odvija prije i poslije sinteze IgE i poznajemo učinke mnogobrojnih medijatora u alergijskog kaskadi, ali astma ipak i dalje ostaje klinički i znanstveni problem. Suvremena civilizacija zbunjuje imunološki sustav pa nastaje kompleksna interakcija između epigenetske regulacije, varijabilnih vanjskih čimbenika i različitih kombinacija parova utjecaja: gena, antigena i razdoblja života. Stoga će biti potrebno odgovoriti na pitanje ...

  5. Rezultati istraživanja provenijencija zelene duglazije u ekološki različitim područjima kontinentalne Hrvatske

    OpenAIRE

    Perić, Sanja; Tijardović, Martina; Jazbec, Anamarija

    2011-01-01

    Osnivanje šumskih kultura u Hrvatskoj započelo je sedamdesetih godina 20. stoljeća. Otada je udio šumskih kultura u šumskom fondu Hrva t ske varirao tijekom godina, a danas iznosi oko 3 %. Nove znanstvene spozna je ukazuju na postojanje opravdanih razloga daljnjeg te povećanog os nivanja šumskih kultura u Hrvatskoj (posebice spontano povećanje prikladnih površina za njihovo osnivanje). U ovome radu prikazani su rezultati istraži vanja provedenog u okvirima projekta “Gospodarenje kulturama če ...

  6. Analiza kriterija za odlučivanje o upisu na Veleučilište “Nikola Tesla” u Gospiću

    OpenAIRE

    Devčić, Kristina; Tonković Pražić, Ivana

    2013-01-01

    Institucije u hrvatskom sustavu visokog obrazovanja, kao i u ostatku svijeta, danas moraju djelovati u turbulentnoj okolini. Hrvatska veleučilišta stoga moraju poznavati i razumjeti promjene u svojoj okolini kako bi na njih ispravno reagirala. Veleučilište “Nikola Tesla” u Gospiću jedno je od veleučilišta koje se suočava sa sve većom konkurencijom, no i problemom smanjenja broja upisanih studenata. Pri rješavanju ovih problema potrebno je primijeniti marketinške metode i tehnike za razumijeva...

  7. Lički jezikoslovci kao dio hrvatskoga kulturnoga identiteta

    OpenAIRE

    Brlić, Ivan

    2011-01-01

    Po jeziku narodi gospoduju, a kad im ga oduzmu – sluguju. Fran Kurelac Hrvatska regija Lika danas je zbog prirodnih resursa prepoznata u prvom redu kao turističko odredište, dok se njezinim kulturnim i povijesnim obilježjima posvećuje nedovoljno pozornosti i stavlja ih se na marginu svakodnevnih događaja. Kada se govori o kulturnim i znanstvenim aspektima toga kraja, prva su asocijacija Nikola Tesla, Ante Starčević, grad Senj te prva hrvatska tiskara, a gotovo se i ne zna da iz Li...

  8. Sigurnost okoliša - između aktivizma i sekuritizacije

    OpenAIRE

    Malnar, Dario; Matošić, Vedran

    2015-01-01

    Nakon završetka Hladnog rata pristupi proučavanju i definiranju pojma sigurnosti počinju se ubrzano mijenjati. Među teoretičarima prevladava mišljenje kako danas govorimo o sigurnosti kao dinamičnom društvenom procesu, pa su i prijetnje sigurnosti raznovrsne, ne više nužno određene isključivo vojnom prijetnjom državnoj suverenosti. Definiranje sigurnosne prijetnje ovisi o vremenu i prostoru, a jedan od najznačajnijih doprinosa suvremenom proučavanju fenomena sigurnosti pripada ...

  9. Učestalost dišnih tegoba kod radnika u elektrolizi aluminija i njihova povezanost s promjenama spirometrijskih vrijednosti

    OpenAIRE

    Cvejanov Kezunović, Ljiljana

    2008-01-01

    Cilj rada bio je da se kod radnika u pogonu elektrolize aluminija ispita učestalost respiratornih simptoma koji imaju kroničan karakter i da se usporedi s učestalošću promjena spirometrijskih parametara kod istih osoba. Anamnestički podaci o respiratornim simptomima uzimani su s pomoću modificiranog upitnika o respiratornim simptomima Britanskog savjeta za medicinska istraživanja. Spirometrijski parametri određivani su ispitanicima istoga dana (u sklopu njihova periodičnog pregleda) s pomoću ...

  10. UTJECAJ JOHNA DEWEYJA NA OBRAZOVNE REFORME U JAPANU, KINI I SOVJETSKOM SAVEZU

    OpenAIRE

    Zorić, Vučina

    2011-01-01

    Ovo teorijsko istraživanje usredotočeno je na analizu važnosti pedagoške koncepcije Johna Deweyja za reforme obrazovanja u Japanu, Kini i Sovjetskom Savezu u prvoj polovici 20. stoljeća. Polazište rada jest pretpostavka da je pedagogija pragmatizma jedan od najznačajnijih smjerova u razvoju pedagogije, a njezin je utjecaj i danas prisutan. Istraživanje je pokazalo da je u navedenim državama Deweyjeva koncepcija odgoja u značajnoj mjeri proučavana, uvažavana i primjenjivana, a u...

  11. PRIMJER NOVOGA PRISTUPA RAZVOJU GORIVA U GRUPACIJI MOL

    OpenAIRE

    Hollo, Andras; Szirmai, Laszlo; Szalmasne-Pecsvari, Gabriella; Magyar, Janos

    2005-01-01

    Sažetak Danas smo svjedoci iznimna ubrzanja djelatnosti istraživanja i razvoja u svim granama znanosti. To vrijedi za zaštitu okoliša, automobilsku industriju, a također i za naftnu industriju. Naš rad predstavlja jedan novi primjer kada se taj postupak usredotoči na usklađivanje nastojanja navedenih industrija u nekom određenom području. MOL Plc. je razvio proizvodnju motornog goriva jedinstvene kakvoće koje udovoljava svim zahtjevima zaštite okoliša, motornih vozila, a također i očekivan...

  12. Título da página electrónica: The Modernist Journals Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António Sousa Ribeiro

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Sediado nas Universidades de Brown e de Tulsa, este projecto visa proporcionar o acesso digital a publicações periódicas do modernismo anglo‑saxónico, incluindo os chamados “little magazines”. O núcleo inicial do projecto, o acesso digital à revista The New Age (1907-1922, irá sendo alargado a um conjunto de outras publicações, que inclui, para já, Dana (1904-1905, anunciando‑se para breve a disponibilização da publicação vorticista Blast, dirigida por Wyndham Lewis. O projecto inclui també...

  13. HOAX

    OpenAIRE

    Šimundić, Slavko; Franjić, Siniša; Vdovjak, Krešimir

    2012-01-01

    Moderno informacijsko društvo prate njegovi brojni suputnici od kojih je jedan od najopasnijih računalni kriminalitet. Pod pojmom «računalni kriminalitet» smatra se ukupnost počinjenih kaznenih djela kojima se neovlašteno utječe na uporabu, cjelovitost i dostupnost tehničke, programske i podatkovne osnovice računalnog sustava ili na tajnost digitalnih podataka bez obzira kolika šteta nastane usljed njih. Zloporabe ovakve vrste danas postaju sve učestalije, a posljedice sve opasnije. S obzirom...

  14. Moralne i pravne dvojbe kod utvrđivanja spola u sportu

    OpenAIRE

    Kinkela, Dragan; Moretti, Viktor; Đonlić, Veno

    2011-01-01

    Cilj ovog rada je iznijeti problem koji i danas stvara moralne nedoumice prilikom utvrđivanja spola u sportu. Obuhvaća neke antropološke razlike između žene i muškarca, problematiku osiguravanja pravednosti natjecanja i pravo na zaštitu privatnosti koja je neotuđivo ljudsko pravo. U radu je obuhvaćeno značenje spolnog i rodnog identiteta, navode se primjeri i posljedice nepreciziranja u procjeni i određivanju spola, te polemizira o posljedicama medijskih pritisaka na nedokazane pretpostavk...

  15. Novi mediji i nove umjetnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Brakus, Aleksandra

    2013-01-01

    Umjetnost može probuditi kod čovjeka najdublje emocije, pružiti zadovoljstva, zabavljati, privlačiti i uvjeravati na različite načine. Muzika, kazališne predstave, slike, filmovi, romani, poezija, itd., predstavljaju strukture naših osjećanja i vjerovanja. Danas živimo u svijetu globalnih komunikacija, u svijetu u kojem je slikovno nadvladalo verbalno. Tehnološka sredstva općenja, kao i masovni mediji i dalje će se razvijati i donositi nam neslućene mogućnosti. Čovjeku su uvijek bila potre...

  16. OCENJEVANJE USPEŠNOSTI REKLAMIRANJA PREHRAMBENIH IZDELKOV V TRGOVINAH

    OpenAIRE

    Zeljković, Saša Aleksander

    2013-01-01

    Pri marketingu je pomemben proces komuniciranja med stranko in izdelkom. Marketing lahko tudi razlagamo kot umetnost prodaje izdelkov. Z združitvijo uspešnega marketinga z oglaševanem, lahko dosežemo zelo močno prepoznavnost in s tem tudi zelo dobro prodajo izdelkov. Oglaševanje je v današnjem času, kjer vlada konkurenca na vsakem koraku, bistvenega pomena v trgovski panogi. Oglaševanje je zelo drag in zapleten proces, vendar če želimo, da se naš izdelek prodaja in je opazen moramo poskr...

  17. Slika Bogorodice s Djetetom u The Courtauld Institute of Art u Londonu - prijedlog za Petra Jordanića

    OpenAIRE

    Hilje, Emil

    2014-01-01

    Slika Bogorodice s Djetetom potpisana kao "OPVUS P. PETRI" iz nekadašnje zbirke Fareham (danas u The Courtauld Instistute of Art) odavno je poznata stručnoj javnosti, ali analizirana tek marginalno, pri čemu su se i pokušaji atribucije vezivali uz slikare koji su zadovoljavali relativno problematične kriterije - da se zovu Petar i da ih je moguće dovesti u vezu sa slikarstvom Squarcioneova kruga ili konkretnije Carla Crivellija, s čijim radovima iz ranije faze stvaralaštva, posebice sa slikom...

  18. SINTEZA IN KARAKTERIZACIJA NANODELCEV CdS IN CdSe S SONOKEMIJSKO METODO V VODNEM MEDIJU

    OpenAIRE

    Danč, Valerija

    2010-01-01

    Sonokemija je področje kemije, kjer na potek kemijskih reakcij odločilno vpliva zvočna energija v obliki ultrazvoka. Ultrazvok in z njimi povezani pojavi so že znani več kot sto let, njegova uporaba v kemiji pa dosega razcvet v današnjem času. Naše raziskave so temeljile na sintezah nanodelcev kadmijevih sulfidov (CdS) in kadmijevih selenidov (CdSe) s sonokemijsko metodo. Ta metoda se je pri sintezah pokazala kot zelo uporabna, saj so končni produkti nanokristalinični materiali. Namen ra...

  19. Mediji i nasilje: aktualno stanje u znanosti

    OpenAIRE

    Kunczik, Michael; Zipfel, Astrid

    2007-01-01

    I danas istraživanje teme o medijima i nasilju pokazuje mnoge nedostatnosti. Primjerice, mnoge studije još uvijek istražuju iste tematske aspekte istim metodama, uz samo neznatne modifi kacije. Napredak u spoznaji istraživanja također je slab. Te studije sve više razvijaju posebno postavljena pitanja i analiziraju ih pomoću složenih načina istraživanja, čiji su nalazi jedva pogodni za interpretaciju. Osim toga, premalo se postojeća ispitivanja nadograđuju jedno na drugo, tak...

  20. PROTUTERORISTIČKA POLITIKA EUROPSKE UNIJE

    OpenAIRE

    Prodan, Tonči

    2009-01-01

    Europska unija - najmoćnija ekonomska integracija današnjice, koja ima ambicije postati i moćna politička integracija, suočena je s problemom terorizma. Nakon terorističkog napada na Madrid unutar EU su pokrenute inicijative na pojačavanju suradnje u borbi protiv terorizma, međutim, ponovno je otvoreno pitanje i sukob oko nacionalnog suvereniteta s nadnacionalnim interesima, tako da do zadovoljavajućeg rješenja nije došlo. Zemlje Europske unije koje su se dosad suočile s problemom terorizma, ...

  1. UVEDBA REŠITVE CRM NA PRIMERU EKONOMSKO-POSLOVNE FAKULTETE

    OpenAIRE

    Forštnarič, Irena

    2013-01-01

    Organizacije se v današnjem času vedno bolj zavedajo, da so njihove stranke ključ do uspeha. Poleg pridobivanja novih strank pa morajo organizacije zagotavljati tudi visoko zadovoljstvo obstoječih. Za doseganje teh ciljev pa potrebujejo rešitev za upravljanje odnosov s strankami, s katero lahko izkoristijo obstoječe naložbe v infrastrukturo in znanje zaposlenih, ki hkrati omogoča hitro in učinkovito doseganje ciljev. Microsoft Dynamics CRM je celovita rešitev za upravljanje odnosov s stran...

  2. Prilog povijesti đakovačkog Sjemeništa prema izvorima iz arhiva bečke nuncijature

    OpenAIRE

    Mrkonjić, Tomislav

    2006-01-01

    Položaj i ime Bosanske, odnosno Đakovačke i srijemske biskupije, indikativni su i za povijest njezina sjemeništa, odnosno odgoja svećeničkog podmlatka. U svojoj monografiji Biskupijsko sjemenište u Djakovu, Đakovo 1911., Matija Pavić iscrpno je, koristeći lokalne povijesne izvore, osvijetlio pojedina razdoblja; pisac ovog članka donosi kao ilustraciju pojedinih razdoblja nekoliko novih podataka i neobjavljenih dokumenata iz arhiva bečkog nuncija, danas u Vatikanskom tajnom arhivu. U dva pi...

  3. SISTEM LEMBAGA KEUANGAN SHARI’AH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shinta Dewianty

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Lembaga Keuangan Shari’ah merupakan embrio kekuatan ekonomi di negara ini, di zamannya ia mampu menjadi sistem yang bisa mensejahterakan umatnya. Di masa krisis, ia mampu lolos dari kebangkrutan, sekalipun tidak mendapat bantuan dana BLBI. Konsep yang mengandung keshari’ahan ini harus menjadi kekuatan baru dalam membangkitkan kembali perekonomian negeri ini. Sistem lembaga Keuangan Shari’ah ini berkembang pesat memainkan peranan penting dalam mengalokasikan sumber daya dan meningkatkan pembangunan ekonomi. Tulisan ini merupakan studi pustaka dimana penulis mencoba menjelaskan bagaimana sistem lembaga keuangan islam di berbagai Negara, dan kemudian di bandingkan dengan penerapan sistem lembaga keuangan di Indonesia.

  4. Računalna igra u glazbenoj nastavi: Glazbena igra Orašar

    OpenAIRE

    Dobrota, Snježana; Tomaš, Suzana

    2009-01-01

    Već od najranije dobi današnja djeca su pod utjecajem različitih proizvoda informacijske i komunikacijske tehnologije. Jedan od tih proizvoda su i sustavi e-učenja s kojima dijete provodi određeno vrijeme igrajući igre, pretražujući internet stranice ili, pak, učeći pomoću obrazovnih programa. U ovome je radu pažnja usmjerena prema računalnim igrama. Detaljno je prikazan sadržaj glazbene igre Orašar. Riječ je vrijednoj glazbenoj igri koja ima veliki potencijal za razvoj glazben...

  5. PEDAGOŠKI PRISTOP MARIE MONTESSORI: PRIMERJALNA ANALIZA UČNEGA KONTEKSTA V SLOVENSKIH ŠOLAH

    OpenAIRE

    Orel, Erika

    2010-01-01

    V ospredju diplomske naloge z naslovom Pedagoški pristop Marie Montessori: Primerjalna analiza učnega konteksta v slovenskih šolah so pogledi na izobraževanje, ki jih je zasnovala doktorica Maria Montessori ob začetku revolucije izobraževanja. Cilj empiričnega dela je bil ugotoviti, ali so se zamisli Marie Montessori o novi podobi šole uveljavile tudi v današnjih javnih šolah in ne samo v osnovnih šolah Marie Montessori. Okolje, v našem primeru učilnica, postaja vedno bolj prilagojeno starost...

  6. Interkulturalizam u odgoju i obrazovanju: Drugi kao polazište

    OpenAIRE

    Ninčević, Marino

    2009-01-01

    Autor promišlja današnje zajedničke odrednice u znanosti o odgoju koje proizlaze iz nove pedagoške paradigme: drugi ljudi kao polazište, a najznačajnije su: nova filozofija obrazovanja i interkulturalni odgoj i obrazovanje u multikulturalnom i pluralnom društvu u novom europskom kontekstu u kojemu se nalazi i Hrvatska. Većina ljudi drugi su ljudi. Samo osoba koja ima izgrađen vlastiti stav i identitet može razumjeti drugoga i različitoga i utirati put istinskoj toleranciji i suživotu. Ško...

  7. Osteomijelitis i septički artritis u djece i adolescenata

    OpenAIRE

    Đapić, Tomislav; Crnogaća, Krešimir; Gusić, Nadomir

    2014-01-01

    Uzročnici, epidemiologija, dijagnostika pa i liječenje septičkog artritisa i osteomijelitisa u djece su se posljednjih godina promijenili. Najčešći uzročnik ostaju bakterije i to i dalje Staphyloccocus aureus dok je Haemophilus influenzae nakon uvođenja obaveznog cjepiva gotovo nestao. Standardno liječenje je i dalje empirijska antibiotska terapija u kombinaciji s kirurškim zahvatima. Nove sheme antibiotskog liječenja predviđaju samo nekoliko dana parenteralne primjene nakon čega slijedi pero...

  8. Obrada medicinskog otpada iz zdravstvene ustanove

    OpenAIRE

    Rakić, Anita; Ćurin, Katja; Gjeldum, Ivana

    2016-01-01

    U današnje vrijeme sve više se pažnje posvećuje otpadu i njegovom zbrinjavanju, pa tako i onome nastalome u zdravstvenim ustanovama. Zdravstvene su ustanove veliki proizvođači opasnog otpada koji pak zbog visokog stupnja opasnosti od razvoja infekcija predstavlja značajnu skupinu među opasnim otpadom. Taj otpad nastaje pri zaštiti zdravlja ljudi, te je produkt nužne i korisne opće društvene djelatnosti u čijoj proizvodnji sudjeluju svi korisnici zdravstvene zaštite. Temeljem Pravilnika o gosp...

  9. STRES PRI ZAPOSLENIH NA ODDELKU IGRALNIH MIZ V PODJETJU IZC MOND

    OpenAIRE

    Cvetko, Aleksandra

    2016-01-01

    V diplomskem delu smo obravnavali zelo aktualno temo današnjega časa, stres. Omejili smo se na stres pri zaposlenih na oddelku igralnih miz v Igralniško zabaviščnem centru Mond, ki je poslovna enota družbe Hit d.d.Večina ljudi se sreča s stresom tekom dneva in/ali na delovnem mestu. Nanj smo se navadili in ga pogosto sprejemamo kot samoumevnega. Vendar nam stres lahko povzroča velike zdravstvene težave. Šeke, ko se stresa zavedamo, se lahko lotimo njegovega obvladovanja oziroma premagovanja. ...

  10. Sistem Informasi Penelitian Antara Badan Litbangkes dengan Pelaksana Program Depkes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drs. Tri Djoko Wahono

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Di lingkungan Depkes sendiri hal ini terlihat jelas. Koordinasi dan komunikasi antara Badan Litbangkes dengan unit pelaksana program Depkes dirasa kurang. Jangankan untuk melakukan pembinaan, untuk melakukan inventarisasi kegiatan litbang apa saja yang dilakukan di lingkungan Depkes saja Badan Litbangkes sudah tidak mampu. Belum lagi berbicara koordinasi dan komunikasi dengan lembaga litbang di luar Depkes.Akibatnya adalah banyaknya duplikasi kegiatan litbangkes yang berarti pula pemborosan   dana   dan   sumber   daya   lain. Banyak  kegiatan litbangkes yang tidak  dapat dimanfaatkan oleh pihak Depkes karena memang tidak mengacu ke sana.

  11. KLIENTELIZEM (kriminološki vidik)

    OpenAIRE

    Lešnik, Jerneja

    2014-01-01

    V pričujočem delu obravnavamo aktualno problematiko današnje družbe - pojav klientelizma. Poleg kronizma in nepotizma je klientelizem eden izmed pogosteje prisotnih koruptivnih pojavov znotraj državnih institucij in nasploh javne uprave, kot tudi v zasebnem sektorju. Klientelistična ravnanja povzročajo številne negativne posledice na področju razvoja gospodarstva in, kar je najhuje, hkrati pripeljejo tudi do množičnega nezaupanja ljudi v najpomembnejše državne institucije in v pravno državo. ...

  12. POSTOPEK ZAPOSLOVANJA KADROV V PODJETJU VRBNJAK S.P.

    OpenAIRE

    Vogrinec, Valerija

    2011-01-01

    Postopek zaposlovanja kadrov je zelo pomemben proces v podjetju, saj izbrani kadri vplivajo na kakovost opravljenega dela na določenem delovnem mestu, na delovanje tima in posredno tudi na delovanje celotnega podjetja. Še posebej je to pomembno v današnjem času, ko je edina stalnica nenehna sprememba, ko je okolje nepredvidljivo in se hitro spreminja. Najnovejša spoznanja kažejo, da je ravno človek vir konkurenčne prednosti. Veliko podjetij se tega ne zaveda dovolj, tako ostajajo nedojemljiva...

  13. EST Table: AU005889 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AU005889 wv40224 10/09/28 100 %/128 aa ref|NP_001036841.1| Annexin IX isoform A [Bo...mbyx mori] dbj|BAA92809.1| annexin IX-A [Bombyx mori] 10/08/28 76 %/128 aa FBpp0119685|DanaGF16493-PA 10/08/...9 10/09/10 65 %/128 aa gnl|Amel|GB16448-PA 10/09/10 76 %/128 aa gi|91092420|ref|XP_967931.1| PREDICTED: similar to Annexin IX CG5730-PC [Tribolium castaneum] NM_001043376 wv4 ...

  14. EST Table: BB982110 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BB982110 ovS3002A12r 10/09/28 100 %/133 aa ref|NP_001036841.1| Annexin IX isoform A... [Bombyx mori] dbj|BAA92809.1| annexin IX-A [Bombyx mori] 10/08/28 77 %/131 aa FBpp0119685|DanaGF16493-PA 10...ANXB9 10/09/10 65 %/131 aa gnl|Amel|GB16448-PA 10/09/10 76 %/132 aa gi|91092420|ref|XP_967931.1| PREDICTED: similar to Annexin IX CG5730-PC [Tribolium castaneum] NM_001043376 ovS3 ...

  15. EST Table: BP179437 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BP179437 ovS302G04f 10/09/28 87 %/140 aa ref|NP_001106136.1| Annexin IX isoform B [...Bombyx mori] dbj|BAA92810.1| annexin IX-B [Bombyx mori] 10/08/29 68 %/138 aa FBpp0119685|DanaGF16493-PA 10/0...XB9 10/09/10 59 %/138 aa gnl|Amel|GB16448-PA 10/09/10 67 %/140 aa gi|91092420|ref|XP_967931.1| PREDICTED: similar to Annexin IX CG5730-PC [Tribolium castaneum] NM_001043376 ovS3 ...

  16. Mehaničko i kemijsko trošenje zuba - pregled

    OpenAIRE

    Najžar-Fleger, Dora; Norčić, Silva; Buntak-Kobler, Dunja; Prpić-Mehičić, Goranka

    1998-01-01

    Dan je pregled današnjih spoznaja o mehaničkom i kemijskom trošenju zuba i dentalnih ispuna te o povezanosti atricijsko-abrazijsko-erozijskih djelovanja u svjetlu tribologijske znanosti i naših kliničkih iskustava. Navedeni su unutarnji i vanjski uzroci nastalih defekata, njihov odnos prema kliničkoj slici s posebnim osvrtom na kliničke manifestacije subkliničkih erozija cakline i dentina. Navedeni su neki od indeksa za kliničku klasifikaciju potrošenoga zuba i nove tehnologije koje se ...

  17. Rana dijagnoza reumatoidnog artritisa

    OpenAIRE

    Babić-Naglić, Đurđica; Žagar, Iva

    2006-01-01

    Reumatoidni artritis (RA) kronična je multisistemska bolest s najtežim posljedicama na sustavu za kretanje. Danas je pravilo dobre kliničke prakse postaviti dijagnozu RA u preerozivnoj fazi i rano primijeniti diferentne lijekove. Rana dijagnoza RA postavlja se na temelju ciljane kliničke, serološke, imunogenske i radiološke obrade. Na temelju definiranih parametara, klinički je potrebno precizno odrediti aktivnost bolesti. Reumatoidni faktor i anticitrulinska protutijela (anti-CCP) su vrlo...

  18. The universe in zero words the story of mathematics as told through equations

    CERN Document Server

    Mackenzie, Dana

    2012-01-01

    Most popular books about science, and even about mathematics, tiptoe around equations as if they were something to be hidden from the reader's tender eyes. Dana Mackenzie starts from the opposite premise: He celebrates equations. No history of art would be complete without pictures. Why, then, should a history of mathematics--the universal language of science--keep the masterpieces of the subject hidden behind a veil? The Universe in Zero Words tells the history of twenty-four great and beautiful equations that have shaped mathematics, science, and society--from the elementary

  19. Integrirana zaštita maslina od bolesti i štetnika unutar integrirane proizvodnje

    OpenAIRE

    Barić, Božena

    2006-01-01

    Integrirana zaštita predstavlja ekološki povoljniju zaštitu bilja koja na prvo mjesto stavlja nepesticidne mjere zaštite kao što su biotehničke, biološke i na kraju kemijske mjere zaštite. Danas se koristi pojam integrirana proizvodnja koja obuhvaća sve agrotehničke mjere u proizvodnji pojedinih poljoprivrednih kultura. U radu je dat prikaz mogućnosti primjene integrirane zaštite masline u integriranoj proizvodnji.

  20. Kokcidioza koza: učinci pokusne infekcije na određene krvne pokazatelje.

    OpenAIRE

    Rakhshandehroo, Ehsan; Nazifi, Saeed; Razavi, S. Mostafa; Ghane, Mohsen; Alavi, Amir Mootabi

    2013-01-01

    Cilj pokusa bio je rasvijetliti različite odgovore stanica u krvnom optjecaju tijekom pokusno uzrokovane kokcidioze u koza. U pokus je bilo uključeno 20 novoojarene jaradi od čega je 10 bilo zaraženo sporuliranim oocistama najpatogenije vrste roda Eimeria, a ostalih 10 su poslužili za kontrolu. Uzorci njihove krvi bili su uzeti 0. (prije zaražavanja), 3., 7., 14., 17., 21., 24., 28. i 35. dana nakon zaražavanja te su bili pretraženi na neke hematološke pokazatelje. Parazitološki su bili pretr...