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Sample records for acartia tonsa dana

  1. DMSP-consuming bacteria associated with the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tang, K.W.; Visscher, P.T.; Dam, H.G.

    2001-01-01

    DMSP-consuming bacteria (DCB) were recovered from the body and fecal pellets of the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana). The most probable number of DCB associated with starved A. tonsa was 9.2 X 10(2) cells copepod(-1). The abundance of DCB recovered from the copepod body increased to 1.6-2.8 X 10(4) a...... Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved....

  2. Recirculating aquaculture system for high density production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vu, Minh Thi Thuy; Øie, Gunvor; Reinertsen, Helge

    The calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) is one of the most promising copepod species for marine larviculture. This species has a wide tolerance to temperature and salinity, small size, can produce resting eggs. All their nauplii, copepodites and adults can be use as excellent feeds for marine f...

  3. Influence of algal diet on feeding and egg-production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støttrup, Josianne; Jensen, Johanne

    1990-01-01

    Threshold concentration, retention efficiency and egg-production in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana were examined using the algal species Isochrysis galbana clone T-iso, Dunalietta tertiolecta Butcher, Rhodomonas baltica Karsten, Ditylum brightwellii Grunow and Thalassiosira weissflogii...

  4. Genetic responses of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) to heat shock and epibiont infestation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petkeviciute, Egle; Kania, Per Walter; Skovgaard, Alf

    2015-01-01

    Expression of stress-related genes was investigated in the marine copepod Acartia tonsa in relation to heat shock at two different salinities (10 and 32‰), and it was furthermore investigated whether experimentally induced epibiont infestation led to elevated expression of stress-related genes...

  5. Do Acartia tonsa (Dana) eggs regulate their volume and osmolality as salinity changes?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume; Pedersen, Morten Foldager;

    2012-01-01

    Subitaneous eggs from an euryhaline calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa were challenged by changes in salinity within the range from full strength salinity, down to zero and up to >70 psu. Egg volume changed immediately, increasing from 2.8 × 105 μm3 at full strength salinity (35 psu) to 3.8 × 105 μm3...... at 0 psu and back to its initial volume when gradually being returned to full strength salinity. Egg osmolality followed the molality of the surrounding water when challenged within a salinity range from 2 to 50 psu. Egg respiration was not affected when eggs kept at 35 psu was exposed to low salinity...... (2 psu). These results suggest that eggs are unable to regulate their volume or osmolality when challenged with changes in salinity. Gradual changes in salinity from 35 to 2 psu and back did not harm the eggs (embryos), since the hatching success remained unaffected by such changes in salinity...

  6. Diet influence on egg production of the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana, 1896

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priscila F. Teixeira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Egg production in the copepod Acartia tonsa was evaluated using different densities of the microalgae Thalassiosira weissflogii, Chaetoceros muelleri and Isochrysis galbana. Male and female were kept under controlled conditions (salinity 30, 20°C, photoperiod 12L:12D, acclimated to the experimental conditions and left over a period of 24 h to allow copulation. Algal densities tested were equivalent in biovolume and corresponded to 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40 and 60.10³ cells.mL-1 of T weissflogii. Ten acclimated female were separated, transferred to glass bottles and exposed for further 24 h to the corresponding experimental medium. After this period, the eggs were fixed and counted. Copepod egg production reached a threshold value when T weissflogii, C. muelleri and I. galbana were supplied at 10.10³, 140.10³ and 640.10³ cells.mL-1, respectively. Mean egg production corresponded to 28.0 ± 0.5, 20.1 ± 1.0 and 22.0 ± 3.5 eggs.female-1 .day-1, respectively. Copepods fed T weissflogii showed the highest mean egg production while those fed I. galbana reached a maximum egg production when the algae were supplied at a density two- to fourfold higher, considering the biovolume of T weissflogii and C. muelleri. These differences are explained considering the different sizes of the microalgae used to feed the copepods.A produção de ovos do copépode Acartia tonsa foi avaliada utilizando diferentes densidades das microalgas Thalassiosira weissflogii, Chaetoceros muelleri e Isochrysis galbana. Machos e fêmeas foram colocados sob condições controladas (salinidade 30, 20°C, fotoperíodo 12L:12D, aclimatados às condições experimentais e mantidos juntos por 24 h para permitir a copula. As densidades de algas foram equivalentes em biovolume e corresponderam a 0, 2,5, 5, 10, 20, 40 e 60,10³ células.mL-1 de T. weissflogii. Dez fêmeas aclimatadas foram separadas, transferidas para frascos de vidro e expostas por mais 24 h ao meio experimental

  7. Tolerance of un-ionized ammonia in live feed cultures of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Andersen, Claus V. B.; Schjelde, Johannes;

    2015-01-01

    No Observed Effect Concentrations (NOEC) and Lowest Observed Effect Concentrations (LOEC), which provides safety levels before cultures are affected. This study investigates the tolerance of Acartia tonsa nauplii and adults to ammonia, using mortality as the endpoint after 24, 48 and 72 h of exposure. Nauplii...

  8. Resting eggs in a key player Calanoid copepod in coastal areas. The case of Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Hansen, Benni Winding

    results of 7 years of experimental work which allowed us to understand better the capacity of A. tonsa to produce resting eggs. A.tonsa has a double resting strategy, part of it is due to the capacity of the subitaneous eggs to switch to quiescence under unfavorable environmental conditions which allows......  Acartia tonsa is an invasive copepod of the European coastal waters, first described in France in 1926, it was found later in most of the European coastal areas. These invasions are believed to come from transport of resting eggs in ships ballast water. In this presentation, I will show the main...... the eggs to wait partially optimum conditions to hatch. Also some population of A. tonsa are capable of producing real diapauses eggs (or delayed hatching eggs) which are developed as a single winter based strategy and have to endure a refractory phase before hatching. Our recent findings show that food...

  9. Improving cold storage of subitaneous eggs of the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana from the Gulf of Mexico (Florida, USA)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Lindley, L.C.; Michels, A.

    2007-01-01

    . We consider that the use of antibiotics at the right dosage to be a means to increase the storage capacity of the Gulf of Mexico strain of A. tonsa eggs, which do not show any capacity to be stored for long periods of time, compared with some other strains. In addition eggs that were between 5 and 7...

  10. Guide to the meso-scale production of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    OpenAIRE

    Marchus, Nancy H.; Wilcox, Jeffrey A.

    2007-01-01

    This manual is intended as a guide for the daily production of a few million A. tonsa nauplii for feeding to marine vertebrates and invertebrates. This scale of production is greater than most research would require, but smaller than commercial production, hence the term meso-scale production. This manual will briefly describe the biology of Acartia tonsa Dana that is relevant to culture, the culture methodology for meso-scale production of their eggs and nauplii, the system co...

  11. Inhibition of larval development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa by four synthetic musk substances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wollenberger, Leah; Breitholtz, M.; Kusk, Kresten Ole;

    2003-01-01

    A nitro musk (musk ketone). and three polycyclic musks (Tonalide(TM), Galaxolide(TM) and Celestolide(TM)) were tested for acute and subchronic effects on a marine crustacean, the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. Sublethal effects on A. tonsa larvae were investigated with a rapid and cost effective...... reserved....

  12. Blind dating - mate finding in planktonic copepods. III. Hydromechanical communication in Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagoien, E.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Mate-finding behaviour in the marine copepod Acartia tonsa was examined by video analysis. A. tonsa appears to depend on hydromechanical signals in the location of mates, detected at distances of up to 5 or 7 mm. Series of up to 7 or 8 synchronised hops in closely situated individuals, interpreted...

  13. Different microbiomes associated with the copepods Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis from the same marine environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorosz, Julia; Castro-Mejia, Josue Leonardo; Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg

    2016-01-01

    Microbiomes of the neritic copepod species Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis collected in coastal Danish waters were investigated by use of 16S rRNA gene-Amplicon highthroughput sequencing. In contrast to current assumptions and findings, microbiomes of the 2 copepod species from the same envi...

  14. Prey switching behaviour in the planktonic copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiørboe, Thomas; Saiz, E.; Viitasalo, M.

    1996-01-01

    . Based on earlier observations, we also hypothesized that turbulence changes food selection towards motile prey. We tested these hypotheses by examining feeding rates and behaviour in adult females of A. tonsa feeding in mixtures of 2 prey organisms, a diatom (Thalassiosira weissflogii) and a ciliate...... (Strombidium sulcatum). Our data demonstrate prey switching in A. tonsa, both in terms of behaviour and in terms of feeding rates on the alternative prey. The time allocated to ambush and suspension feeding changed with the composition of the food, and clearance of diatoms was, accordingly, negatively related...

  15. Inhibition of larval development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa by four synthetic musk substances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wollenberger, Leah; Breitholtz, Magnus; Ole Kusk, Kresten; Bengtsson, Bengt Erik

    2003-04-15

    A nitro musk (musk ketone) and three polycyclic musks (Tonalide, Galaxolide and Celestolide) were tested for acute and subchronic effects on a marine crustacean, the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. Sublethal effects on A. tonsa larvae were investigated with a rapid and cost effective bioassay, which is based on the easily detectable morphological change from the last nauplius to the first copepodite stage during copepod larval development. The inhibition of larval development after 5 days exposure was a very sensitive endpoint, with 5-d-EC(50)-values as low as 0.026 mg/l (Tonalide), 0.059 mg/l (Galaxolide), 0.066 mg/l (musk ketone) and 0.160 mg/l (Celestolide), respectively. These values were generally more than one order of magnitude below the 48-h-LC(50)-values found for adults, which were 0.47 mg/l (Galaxolide), 0.71 mg/l (Celestolide), 1.32 mg/l (musk ketone) and 2.5 mg/l (Tonalide). Since the synthetic musks strongly inhibited larval development in A. tonsa at low nominal concentrations, they should be considered as very toxic. The larval development test with A. tonsa is able to provide important aquatic toxicity data for the evaluation of synthetic musks, for which there is little published ecotoxicological information available regarding Crustacea. It is suggested that subchronic and chronic copepod toxicity tests should be used more frequently for risk assessment of environmental pollutants.

  16. Inclusion of copepod Acartia tonsa nauplii in the feeding of Centropomus undecimalis larvae increases stress resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanessa de Melo-Costa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research represents the first result of studies of the common snook Centropomus undecimalis larvae from broodstock matured in captivity in Brazil. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the inclusion of Acartia tonsa nauplii improves stress resistance of common snook larvae. The larvae were fed with: rotifers Brachionus plicatilis (10 to 15 mL-1; A. tonsa nauplii (0.25 to 0.5 mL-1 and rotifers (5 to 7.5 mL-1, and A. tonsa nauplii (0.12 to 0.25 mL-1. The average percentage of survival of the treatments was 11.9%. At 20 days of age, larvae were subjected to thermal stress. Subsequently, the stress resistance was evaluated. Common snook larvae fed B. plicatilis+A. tonsa reached a higher weight and length (7.5 ± 0.00 mg and 9.1 ± 0.23 mm, respectively and resisted more heat stress (87.4% than larvae fed other foods, indicating that the feed mixture is satisfactory as a starter diet for larvae of common snook. However, more research is needed to confirm these results.

  17. Defecation of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) by the copepod Acartia tonsa as functions of ambient food concentration and body DMSP content

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tang, K.W.

    2001-01-01

    The dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) defecation rate of Acartia tonsa (calanoid copepod)feeding on Tetraselmis impellucida (prasinophyte) was correlated with food concentration and copepod body DMSP content. Copepod fecal pellets represent a highly concentrated source of DMSP and thus play an im...... an important role in DMSP flux and microbial processes in the ocean.......The dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) defecation rate of Acartia tonsa (calanoid copepod)feeding on Tetraselmis impellucida (prasinophyte) was correlated with food concentration and copepod body DMSP content. Copepod fecal pellets represent a highly concentrated source of DMSP and thus play...

  18. Dealing with the presence of the ciliate Euplotes sp. in cultures of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Dutz, Jörg

    2014-01-01

    Ciliates in live feed cultures can be a pest that lower production yields. This could dramatically affect the management and success of copepod cultures. In this study, we investigated the effect of the ciliate Euplotes sp. on egg production, specific egg production and egg hatching success...... of Acartia tonsa fed with Rhodomonas salina. We found that at a concentration of 2 cells ml-1, Euplotes sp. had no effect on the production and hatching success of eggs but increased/decreased the mortality/quality of non-subitaneous eggs. Euplotes sp. had a good fatty acid profile containing high proportion...

  19. Response of Acartia tonsa to Burgers' Vortex: Deconstructing Turbulence-Copepod Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, D. L.; Webster, D. R.; Yen, J.

    2014-11-01

    In situ studies suggest that in many oceanic regimes, turbulence affects the vertical position of copepods primarily by changing their behavior, and only secondarily by altering their physical position. We test the hypothesis that fine-scale turbulence alters copepod behavior, presenting as alterations in directed movement and changes in swimming kinematics. To this end, we create two Burgers' vortices, specifying the rotation rate and axial strain rate to correspond to turbulent vortices with size scale equaling the inverse wavenumber of the median viscous dissipation rate (i.e. r = 8.1 η) for typical turbulent conditions in the coastal or near surface region (i.e., mean turbulent dissipation rates of 0.009 and 0.096 cm2/s3) . The vortex flow is quantified via tomo-PIV. Behavioral assays of Acartia tonsa are conducted, generating 3D trajectories for analysis of swimming kinematics and response to hydrodynamic cues. A. tonsa did not significantly respond to the vortex corresponding to dissipation rate of 0.009 cm2/s3, but drastically altered their swimming behavior in the presence of the 0.096 cm2/s3 vortex, including increased relative swim speed, angle of alignment with the vortex axis, net-to-gross displacement ratio, and escape acceleration, along with decreased turn frequency (relative to stagnant control conditions). Further, A. tonsa escape location is preferentially in the core of the stronger vortex, indicating that the hydrodynamic cue triggering the distinctive escape behavior is vorticity.

  20. Resting egg production induced by food limitation in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Hansen, Benni W.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Three populations of the copepod Acartia tonsa, two from the Baltic Sea and one from the U.S. East Coast, were compared for resting egg production at conditions of saturating and limiting food availability. All three populations produced eggs that hatched within 72 h when incubated at 17°C...... (subitaneous eggs), but the two Baltic populations in addition produced eggs that hatched at a much slower rate, in the course of a month (delayed hatching eggs [DHE]). Such eggs were not produced by the U.S. population. The fraction of DHE increased when food was limiting. Females from a Baltic population...... that were incubated individually all produced subitaneous eggs, but about half the females consistently also produced DHE. Cold storage that mimicked boreal winter conditions synchronized the hatching of DHE after extended storage, indicating that spring hatching of DHE might seed the water column...

  1. Toxicity of nickel in the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa: Nickel chloride versus nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, C. [Istituto per la Protezione e Ricerca Ambientale ISPRA-STS Livorno, Piazzale dei marmi 12, 57123 Livorno (Italy); Academic Centre for Innovation and Development in the Food Industry (CAISIAL), Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, 80055 Portici (Italy); Vitiello, V. [Istituto per la Protezione e Ricerca Ambientale ISPRA-STS Livorno, Piazzale dei marmi 12, 57123 Livorno (Italy); Casals, E. [Institut Català de Nanotecnologia, Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelone, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Puntes, V.F. [Institut Català de Nanotecnologia, Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelone, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Institut Català de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Passeig Lluís Companys, 23, 08010 Barcelona (Spain); Iamunno, F. [Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, Napoli (Italy); Pellegrini, D. [Istituto per la Protezione e Ricerca Ambientale ISPRA-STS Livorno, Piazzale dei marmi 12, 57123 Livorno (Italy); Changwen, W. [Zhejiang Ocean University, 1 Rd. South Haida, Lincheng New Area, Dinghai District Zhoushan City, 316022 (China); Benvenuto, G. [Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, Napoli (Italy); Buttino, I., E-mail: isabella.buttino@isprambiente.it [Istituto per la Protezione e Ricerca Ambientale ISPRA-STS Livorno, Piazzale dei marmi 12, 57123 Livorno (Italy)

    2016-01-15

    Highlights: • Acartia tonsa copepod is more sensitive to NiCl{sub 2} than to nickel nanoparticles. • At the tested concentration egg production was not affected by both form of nickel. • Egg viability is the most sensitive end-point for both form of nickel. • Nickel dissolved in seawater increased with nanoparticle concentration. • Acartia tonsa adults were able to ingest nanoparticles. - Abstract: Nickel compounds are widely used in industries and have been massively introduced in the environment in different chemical forms. Here we report the effect of two different chemical forms of nickel, NiCl{sub 2} and nickel nanoparticles (NiNPs), on the reproduction of the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. The behavior of nickel nanoparticles was analyzed with different techniques and with two protocols. In the “sonicated experiment” (SON) NiNP solution was sonicated while in the “non-sonicated experiment” (NON-SON) the solution was vigorously shaken by hand. Final nominal concentrations of 5, 10 and 50 mg L{sup −1} and 1, 5 and 10 mg L{sup −1} NiNPs were used for the acute and semichronic tests, respectively. Nanoparticle size did not change over time except for the highest concentration of 50 mg L{sup −1} NiNPs, in which the diameter increased up to 843 nm after 48 h. The concentration of Ni dissolved in the water increased with NP concentration and was similar for SON and NON-SON solutions. Our results indicate that sonication does not modify toxicity for the copepod A. tonsa. Mean EC{sub 50} values were similar for NON-SON (20.2 mg L{sup −1}) and SON experiments (22.14 mg L{sup −1}) in the acute test. Similarly, no differences occurred between the two different protocols in the semichronic test, with an EC{sub 50} of 7.45 mg L{sup −1} and 6.97 mg L{sup −1} for NON-SON and SON experiments, respectively. Acute and semichronic tests, conducted exposing A. tonsa embryos to NiCl{sub 2} concentrations from 0.025 to 0.63 mg L{sup −1

  2. Influence of two different green algal diets on specific dynamic action and incorporation of carbon into biochemical fractions in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thor, P.; Cervetto, G.; Besiktepe, S.;

    2002-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that the two green algae Tetraselmis sp. (Prasinophyceae) and Dunaliella tertiolecta (Chlorophyceae) induce high and low egg production rates in Acartia tonsa. The primary goal of the present study was to investigate if this is attributable to differences in the specific...

  3. First feeding of Eugerres brasilianus (Carapeva larvae with Acartia tonsa (Copepod nauplii increases survival and resistance to acute stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wanessa de Melo Costa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The rotifer Brachionus sp. is commonly used for larval feeding in marine fish hatcheries. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the inclusion of Acartia tonsa nauplii in the initial diet of carapeva larvae improves their survival, growth and resistance to stress when compared to the regimen containing only rotifers. Adult copepods were collected in the wild and cultured with the microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri, Isochrysis galbana and Nannochloropsis oculata to obtain nauplii. Carapeva larvae were grown for 15 days using four treatments and three replicates: 1 Brachionus plicatilis rotifers (10 to 15/mL; 2 A. tonsa nauplii (0.25 to 0.5/mL; 3 Brachionus plicatilis rotifers (5 to 7.5/mL + A. tonsa nauplii (0.12 to 0.25/mL, and 4 no supply of live feed. After 15 days, the carapeva larvae were subjected to stress by exposure to air for 10 seconds and then returned to the source tank to evaluate survival after 24 h. Survival and stress resistance were higher in carapeva larvae fed B. plicatilis + A. tonsa nauplii (P<0.05, 20.9 ± 11.2% and 88.9%, respectively. These results confirm the positive effect of the inclusion of copepod nauplii in the diet of fish larvae. However, more research is needed to validate these results.

  4. Food size spectra, ingestion and growth of the copepod Acartia tonsa during development: implications for the determination of copepod production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berggren, U.; Hansen, B.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1988-01-01

    stage. Since the biomass of particulate matter is approximately constant in equal logarithmic size classes in the sea, food availability may be similar for all developmental stages in the average marine environment. Juvenile specific growth rate was exponential and increased hyperbolically with food......Clearance rates on different sizes of spherically shaped algae were determined in uni-algal experiments for all developmental stages (NII through adult) of the copepodAcartia tonsa, and used to construct food size spectra. Growth and developmental rates were determined at 7 food levels (0 to 1 500...... g C l-1 ofRhodomonas baltica). The lower size limit for particle capture was between 2 and 4 m for all developmental stages. Optimum particle size and upper size limit increased during development from 7 m and 10 to 14 m for NII to NIII to 14 to 70 m and 250 m for adults, respectively. When food...

  5. The toxicity of the three antifouling biocides DCOIT, TPBP and medetomidine to the marine pelagic copepod Acartia tonsa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendt, Ida; Backhaus, Thomas; Blanck, Hans; Arrhenius, Åsa

    2016-07-01

    Copepods, the largest group of pelagic grazers, are at risk from exposure to antifouling biocides. This study investigated the toxicity of the antifouling biocides 4,5-dichloro-2-octyl-1,2-thiazol-3(2H)-one (DCOIT), triphenylborane pyridine (TPBP) and 4-[1-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)ethyl]-1H-imidazole (medetomidine) to the copepod Acartia tonsa, using mortality and egg production as endpoints. The toxicity ranking for mortality was as follows: DCOIT (LC50 57 nmol l(-1)) = TPBP (LC50 56 nmol l(-1)) > medetomidine (LC50 241 nmol l(-1)). Egg production was more sensitive than mortality to TPBP (EC50 3.2 nmol l(-1)), while DCOIT and medetomidine inhibited egg production at roughly the same concentrations (72 and 186 nmol l(-1) respectively). Furthermore, TPBP seems to affect egg hatching directly which was not the case for DCOIT and medetomidine. DCOIT and medetomidine might pose an environmental risk as they have been reported to occur in different exposure scenarios or analytical surveys at concentrations only 2-3 times lower than the respective EC10. Reported environmental concentrations of TPBP are few but clearly lower than the EC10 values reported here, suggesting current risk of TPBP to copepods to be moderate.

  6. Effect of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP1) on early life-stage development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa at different temperatures and salinities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kusk, Kresten Ole; Avdolli, Manola; Wollenberger, Leah

    2011-01-01

    Benzophenone (BP)-type ultraviolet (UV) filters are widely used in cosmetic and sunscreen products and can enter the aquatic environment. Therefore, we investigated the subchronic toxicity of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP1) on the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in an early life-stage devel......Benzophenone (BP)-type ultraviolet (UV) filters are widely used in cosmetic and sunscreen products and can enter the aquatic environment. Therefore, we investigated the subchronic toxicity of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP1) on the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa in an early life......-stage development study. Since developmental endpoints depend on environmental conditions, a preceding study of A. tonsa development was performed at three temperatures, four salinities, four light:dark regimes, six food densities, and four culture densities. Times elapsed until 50% of the population had reached...... a copepodite stage (DT(½) ) at the different conditions were calculated. The DT(½) values decreased from 296 h at 15°C to 89 h at 25°C and were also affected by salinity (126 h at 15‰ and 167 h at 30‰), whereas the light:dark regime and culture density influenced development only to a minor extent. BP1...

  7. Recent advances within intensive Recirculated Aquaculture System cultivation of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Højgaard, Jacob Kring; Drillet, Guillaume;

    2014-01-01

    Danish aquaculture has within recent years focused upon rearing of new marine fish species. A major challenge for rearing of marine fish species is relevant diets for their fish larvae. Copepods and their larvae stage “nauplii” are well documented as the ideal live feed for a variety of marine...... and the nauplii can be feed to marine fish larvae. A restriction is that copepod cultures for producing eggs are after 30 years of research still not stable and in large enough scale for bulk production of eggs. Recently a unique copepod Recirculated Aquaculture System (RAS) at Roskilde University (Denmark......) was constructed as a part of the IMPAQ project “IMProvement of AQuaculture high quality fish fry production”. We present recent advance within RAS culture for copepods, and lesson learned from rearing the specie. Further we present physical and biological culture restrictions in terms of water quality (NH3...

  8. The turbidity front as a habitat for Acartia tonsa (Copepoda) in the Río de la Plata, Argentina-Uruguay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derisio, Carla; Braverman, Mara; Gaitán, Esteban; Hozbor, Constanza; Ramírez, Fernando; Carreto, José; Botto, Florencia; Gagliardini, Domingo A.; Acha, E. Marcelo; Mianzan, Hermes

    2014-01-01

    Acartia tonsa is one of the most abundant copepod species in estuaries worldwide. In the Río de la Plata, its highest densities appear to occur in an area of low quality food (detritus): the turbidity front (TF). The objective of this study was to understand how trophic and oceanographic drivers contribute to the high densities of A. tonsa in the Río de la Plata TF. The patterns of spatial distribution and density of this species were analyzed in relation to oceanographic and biological attributes of the system. The egg production rate (EPR) in the TF was evaluated as a measure of fitness, and a stable isotope analysis indicated the possible sources of organic matter in the species' diet. This study confirmed that the highest observed densities of A. tonsa were mostly associated with the TF, where high suspended matter and low Chl-a occur. Immediately offshore from the TF, decreased copepod densities and the maximum Chl-a values were found. Females close to the estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM) had a lower EPR than those closer to the high Chl-a concentrations. Within the TF, A. tonsa apparently fed on detritus close to the ETM and phytoplankton close to the edge of the TF. The report includes a discussion of how retention processes, two layered flow and the life history strategy of A. tonsa could be contributing to the development of high densities (more than 10,000 ind m- 3) of this species in the inner estuarine zone, despite the poor quality of food available for development in that area. A. tonsa can live and prosper in areas with high turbidity and low chlorophyll concentrations. This trait exemplifies the plasticity of this species and helps explain why it is a key species in many worldwide estuaries.

  9. Can we use laboratory reared copepods for experiments - a comparison of feeding behavior and reproduction between a field and a laboratory population of Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tiselius, P.; Hansen, B.; Jonsson, P.;

    1995-01-01

    Motility patterns and egg production were investigated in two populations of Acartia tonsa, field animals from the Oresund and laboratory animals from a 12-year-old (approximate to 120 generations) culture. When observed in aquaria with a layer of Thalassiosira weissflogii in the middle, laboratory...... animals displayed weak aggregation behaviour, while field animals did not aggregate at all. Both populations made longer and more frequent feeding bouts inside the patch. Egg production measurements were in accordance with the behaviour of the laboratory population if no diel feeding rhythm was assumed...

  10. Effect of temperature and viscosity on swimming velocity of the copepod Acartia tonsa, brine shrimp Artemia salina and rotifer Brachionus plicatilis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Poul Scheel; Madsen, C.V.; Riisgard, H.U.

    2008-01-01

    of swimming velocity for a 10 degrees C temperature reduction) that is found to be largest for the brine shrimp Artemia salina nauplius (37 %) and the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis (26%), but negligible for the copepod Acartia tonsa (4%). We suggest that experimental data on change in swimming velocity (V......Beating cilia are important organelles for swimming in many zooplanktonic aquatic organisms, including many invertebrate larvae, rotifers and ciliates, but other planktonic organisms, such as copepods and brine shrimps, use muscle-powered swimming appendages. In recent studies we found......) due to change in kinematic viscosity (v) be correlated in terms of a power law, V proportional to v(-m). The present data on swimming velocity of copepods, brine shrimps and rotifers show values of exponent m approximate to 1.5 to 3, with a trend of decreasing values for increasing size of species...

  11. Effects of salinity on egg and fecal pellet production, development and survival, adult sex ratio and total life span in the calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa: a laboratory study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shayegan, Majid; Esmaeili Fereidouni, Abolghasem; Agh, Naser; Jani Khalili, Khosrow

    2016-07-01

    The effects of salinity on the copepod, Acartia tonsa in terms of daily egg production rate (EPR), hatching success, fecal pellet production rate (FPR), naupliar development time and survival, sex ratio, and total life span were determined in laboratory conditions through three experiments. In experiment 1, EPR, hatching success, and FPR of individual females were monitored at salinities of 13, 20, 35 and 45 during short-periods (seven consecutive days). Results show EPR was affected by salinity with the highest outputs recorded at 20 and 35, respectively, which were considerably higher than those at 13 and 45. Mean FPR was also higher in 35 and 20. In experiment 2, the same parameters were evaluated over total life span of females (long-term study). The best EPR and FPR were observed in 35, which was statistically higher than at 13 and 20. In experiment 3, survival rates of early nauplii until adult stage were lowest at a salinity of 13. The development time increased with increasing of salinity. Female percentage clearly decreased with increasing salinity. Higher female percentages (56.7% and 52.2%, respectively) were significantly observed at two salinities of 13 and 20 compared to that at 35 (25%). Total longevity of females was not affected by salinity increment. Based on our results, for mass culture we recommend that a salinity of 35 be adopted due to higher reproductive performances, better feeding, and faster development of A. tonsa.

  12. Comparative oxygen consumption rates of subitaneous and delayed hatching eggs of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume

    2013-01-01

    Life history strategies can be adaptations to existence in e.g. unstable environments. Under stressful environmental conditions mobile species tend to migrate to more suitable places, but migration in time by dormancy is another durable strategy. More than 50 species of calanoid copepods can...... history trait allowing the spread of hatching over a period of time (a month or two), increasing the likelihood that some offspring encounter suitable environmental conditions and can contribute to the pelagic population of neritic calanoids in environmental fluctuating environments....

  13. Effects of anti-androgens cyproterone acetate, linuron, vinclozolin, and p,p'-DDE on the reproductive organs of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Watermann, Burkard T.; Albanis, Triantafyllos A.; Galassi, Silvana

    2016-01-01

    stimulated, whereas others displayed a disturbed spermatogenesis and a deformed spermatophore wall. In VIN exposed female A. tonsa, no effects were observed. Male A. tonsa exposed to p,p'-DDE displayed an impairment of spermatogenesis in all stages with increased degrees of apoptosis. In p...

  14. A comprehensive and precise quantification of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) for intensive live feed cultures using an automated ZooImage system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vu, Minh Thi Thuy; Jepsen, Per Meyer; Hansen, Benni Winding

    2014-01-01

    and 6 non-copepod (debris) groups. ZooImage used this training set for automatic discrimination through a random forest algorithm with the general accuracy of 92.8%. The ZooImage showed no significant difference in classifying solitary eggs, or mixed nauplii stages and copepodites compared to personal...

  15. The fate of lipids during development and cold-storage of eggs in the laboratory-reared calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa Dana, and in response to different algal diets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Støttrup, Josianne; Bell, J.G.; Sargent, J.R.

    1999-01-01

    composition changes from a tendency towards high levels of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in the early developmental stages towards a tendency to accumulate more saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in the later developmental stages. However, the content and composition of polyunsaturated fatty......: the cryptophyte Rhodomonas baltica, the haptophyte Isochrysis galbana clone T- iso, the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii and the dinoflagellate Heterocapsa triquetra. Further, the effect of cold storage of eggs on the lipid composition of the newly hatched nauplii was examined. During development, the fatty acid...... acids can be influenced by the dietary input. The highest ratio of 22:6n - 3/20:5n - 3 was achieved using H, triquetra or I. galbana. Higher levels of 20:5n - 3 were achieved by feeding with R. baltica or T. weissflogii. I. galbana and T. weissflogii were particularly suitable for increasing levels...

  16. A new large egg type from the marine live feed calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) – Perspectives for selective breeding of designer feed for hatcheries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halsen Hammarvold, Stian; Glud, Ronnie N.; Evjemo, Jan Ove

    2015-01-01

    Mass cultivation ofmarine copepods as live feed requires predictable and uniform production of a standard product for the end users, the hatcheries. A previously undescribed large egg type, measuring a mean diameter of 106.5 μm, was characterized and compared to normal eggs (82.3 μm) from a conti....... The next generations' eggswere not as large as the ones they originated from suggesting that the rare large eggs represent a maternal effect. The large size eggs do however pose an interesting selection potential for designing large species-specific live feed products in aquaculture....

  17. Hydrodynamic signal perception in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiørboe, Thomas; Saiz, E.; Visser, Andre

    1999-01-01

    and the ambient water and may, therefore, be perceived by mechanoreceptory setae. We hypothesised that the threshold value for escape response to a particular component depends solely on the magnitude of the velocity difference (= signal strength) it generates. In experiments we isolated the different components...

  18. A parameter for detecting estrogenic exposure in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Henrik Rasmus; Halling-Sørensen, Bent; Kusk, Kresten Ole

    1999-01-01

    estrogenic than 17 beta-estradiol, the nonestrogen 2,3-dichlorophenole was tested at 13.6 mu g/L (molar concentration equal to 23 mu g/L 17 beta-estradiol) to test if the response is a general nonestrogenic toxic stress effect. The 2,3-dichlorophenole produced no effect. (C) 1999 Academic Press....

  19. Do inactivated Microbial Preparations Improve Life History Traits of the Copepod Acartia tonsa?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Rabarimanantsoa, Tahina; Frouel, Stéphane;

    2011-01-01

    of the PSI revealed that it is a nutritionally poor food lacking essential fatty acids, and hence it cannot be used alone to raise copepods but instead as a food additive. This is the first demonstration that the effectiveness of copepod culturing can be improved using microbial preparations as a food...... show that the addition of PSI to the algal food increased the individual size of the adult females and their egg production. The PSI, together with Rhodomonas salina, also increased the HS of the eggs produced by PSI-treated females. These effects were observed despite that the biochemical analysis...

  20. Rapid adaptation to oil exposure in the cosmopolitan copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krause, K. E.; Dinh, Khuong Van; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel

    Oil spills are potential environmental hazards to marine ecosystems worldwide. Oil spills may persist in seawater longer than one generation of many zooplankton species. However, whether populations of short-lived and fast growing marine organisms adapt to oil exposure through natural selection...... that populations of short-lived and fast-growing copepods have the potential of showing surprisingly strong resilience to the type of oil contamination they might face in their natural coastal habitats...

  1. Predatory and suspension feeding of the copepod Acartia tonsa in turbulent environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saiz, E.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1995-01-01

    )) was generated by an oscillating grid. In ambush feeding mode, low (realistic) intensities of turbulence (epsilon = 10(-3) to 10(-2) cm(2) s(- 3)) enhanced clearance rates by up to a factor of 4 above those observed in calm water. Higher intensities of turbulence (epsilon = 10(-1) to 10(1) cm(2) s(-3)) resulted...... of the 2 feeding behaviours, including the negative effects, were accurately predicted by encounter rate and feeding behaviour models proposed by Kiorboe and Saiz (1995; Mar Ecol Frog Ser 122:135-145). Because feeding behaviour is specific to the prey (phytoplankton vs motile prey), and because ambush...... it is numerically scarce relative to phytoplankton in the environment...

  2. ANALISIS PENYALURAN DANA BANK SYARIAH

    OpenAIRE

    Siswati -

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik Dana Pihak Ketiga (DPK), Non Performing Financing (NPF), Sertifikat Wadiah Bank Indonesia (SWBI), dan penyaluran dana Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. Serta untuk menganalisis pengaruh DPK, NPF, dan bonus SWBI secara simultan maupun parsial terhadap penyaluran dana yang diberikan oleh Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah laporan keuangan bulanan Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia tahun 2005-2007. Hasil penelitan ini ...

  3. ANALISIS PENYALURAN DANA BANK SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siswati -

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik Dana Pihak Ketiga (DPK, Non Performing Financing (NPF, Sertifikat Wadiah Bank Indonesia (SWBI, dan penyaluran dana Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. Serta untuk menganalisis pengaruh DPK, NPF, dan bonus SWBI secara simultan maupun parsial terhadap penyaluran dana yang diberikan oleh Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah laporan keuangan bulanan Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia tahun 2005-2007. Hasil penelitan ini menunjukkan bahwa DPK, NPF, dan Bonus SWBI berpengaruh secara simultan terhadap penyaluran dana yang dilakukan oleh Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia sebesar 99,2% dan sisanya 0,8%  dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diungkap dalam penelitian ini. Secara parsial DPK berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap penyaluran dana Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia sebesar 98,65%, sedangkan NPF dan Bonus SWBI tidak signifikan berpengaruh secara parsial terhadap penyaluran dana yang dilakukan oleh Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia.This study aims to describe the characteristics of Third Party Funds (TPF, Non-Performing Financing (NPF, Bank Indonesia Certificates Wadiah (SWBI, and funds Islamic Bank Mega Indonesia. Moreover to analyze the influence of DPK, NPF, and the bonus SWBI simultaneously or partially on the distribution of funds provided by the Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. The sample in this study is the monthly financial report of Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia in 2005-2007. The results of this research showed that DPK, NPF, and Bonus SWBI simultaneous effect on the distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 99.2% and the remaining 0.8% influenced by other factors that are not revealed in this study. DPK is partially positive and significant effect on the distribution of funds Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 98.65%, while the NPF and Bonus SWBI insignificant effect on the partial distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia.

  4. Effects of methyltestosterone, letrozole, triphenyltin and fenarimol on histology of reproductive organs of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Watermann, Burkard T.; Albanis, Triantafyllos A.; Dagnac, Thierry

    2013-01-01

    and displayed deformations. In females, LET induced a disorder of oogenesis and disturbances in yolk synthesis. TPT stimulated the male reproductive system at 0.0014 and 0.0035μg TPT-SnL−1, whereas inhibiting effects were observed in the female gonad at 0.0088μg TPT-SnL−1. In FEN exposed females proliferation......, or the musculature were seen. This indicates that the effects on gonads might be caused rather by disturbance of endocrine signalling or interference with hormone metabolism than by general toxicity....

  5. Embryonic cold storage capability from seven strains of Acartia spp. isolated in different geographical areas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Buttino, Isabella; Cunha, Maria Emilia;

    2016-01-01

    Calanoid copepods from the genus Acartia are well studied because they are promising live feeds in marine larviculture. Several Acartia spp. are adapted to the occurrence of sudden unfavorable environmental conditions and can arrest their embryogenesis by entering quiescence. This trait can be us...

  6. 33 CFR 80.1110 - Dana Point Harbor, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Dana Point Harbor, CA. 80.1110 Section 80.1110 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION RULES COLREGS DEMARCATION LINES Pacific Coast § 80.1110 Dana Point Harbor, CA. A line drawn...

  7. Population genetics of drifting (Calanus spp.) and resident (Acartia clausi) plankton in Norwegian fjords

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Bucklin, A.; Kaartvedt, S.; Guarnieri, M.; Goswami, U.

    rRNA, population genetic diversity and structure in drifting populations of Calanus spp. with that of resident populations of Acartia clausi is contrasted. With the exception of Sorfjorden (where Calanus spp. were rare), two or three species...

  8. Võitlev raamatukogutöötaja ja radikaalne uuendaja John Cotton Dana / Eda Pihu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihu, Eda

    2010-01-01

    Dana on ajalukku läinud avariiulite loojana, laste- ja äriraamatukogudele alusepanijana, reklaami kasutajana raamatukogude propageerimisel ühiskonnas ja lugemisharjumuste edendajana. Lisa: John Cotton Dana 12 kuulsat lugemise reeglit

  9. The "Dana Decision" and Its Impact Relative to On-Line Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snell, Joel C.

    2012-01-01

    Dana College (Dana.edu) was dying. A corporation was willing to buy it. However, Dana did not teach in the main, 21st century technical skills which is true of most little liberal arts colleges. Dana's demise first came in cuts for faculty in terms of benefits (Manghan, K. 1/16/2009). The entrance of the federal government was an attempt to stop a…

  10. Analisis Kinerja 14 Reksa Dana Saham Terbaik Periode 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yen Sun

    2011-04-01

    using Sharpe, Treynor to find which mutual fund outperform the market. Also, each method will result rank of the best mutual fund. Furthermore, there is one more method will be used in performance evaluation, Jensen. The result of this study is there are two mutual funds that can be recommended for investment in 2011, they are Panin Dana Maksima and Panin Dana Prima. They are recommended because the two mutual funds showed the best performance for those three methods of evaluation and they can maintain their performance for more than one period.

  11. Peran Lembaga Penjamin Simpanan Terhadap Klaim Dana Nasabah Bank Likuidasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yennie Agustina M.R.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Lembaga Penjamin Simpanan merupakan penyempurnaan dari program penjaminan pemerintah terhadap seluruh kewajiban bank (blanket guarantee atas dana nasabah bank yang pernah diterapakan sebelum berlakunya Undang-Undang Nomor 24 Tahun 2004 tentang Lembaga Penjamin Simpanan (UU LPS. Fungsi utama dari lembaga ini adalah meningkatkan kepercayaan nasabah terhadap industri perbankan yaitu dengan adanya jaminan pengembalian dana yang disimpan serta turut serta memelihara stabilitas sistem perbankan sesuai kewenangannya. Keberadaan Lembaga Penjamin Simpanan merupakan bagian dari kelengkapan instrumen pemerintah dalam menciptakan jejaring pengaman perbankan (banking safety net dan pengaman sistem keuangan (financial safety net. Sebagai banking safety net dilakukan melakui program penjaminan dan penanganan bank gagal (bank yang dilikuidasi, sementara sebagai financial safety net diwujudkan dalam pemanfaatan surplus dan akumulasi premi.Kata Kunci : Peran Lembaga Penjamin Simpanan, Likuidasi Bank

  12. Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) Prototype System User Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sam Alessi; Dennis Keiser

    2012-10-01

    This document is a user manual for the Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) model. DANA provides an analysis of dairy anaerobic digestion technology and allows users to calculate biogas production, co-product valuation, capital costs, expenses, revenue and financial metrics, for user customizable scenarios, dairy and digester types. The model provides results for three anaerobic digester types; Covered Lagoons, Modified Plug Flow, and Complete Mix, and three main energy production technologies; electricity generation, renewable natural gas generation, and compressed natural gas generation. Additional options include different dairy types, bedding types, backend treatment type as well as numerous production, and economic parameters. DANA’s goal is to extend the National Market Value of Anaerobic Digester Products analysis (informa economics, 2012; Innovation Center, 2011) to include a greater and more flexible set of regional digester scenarios and to provide a modular framework for creation of a tool to support farmer and investor needs. Users can set up scenarios from combinations of existing parameters or add new parameters, run the model and view a variety of reports, charts and tables that are automatically produced and delivered over the web interface. DANA is based in the INL’s analysis architecture entitled Generalized Environment for Modeling Systems (GEMS) , which offers extensive collaboration, analysis, and integration opportunities and greatly speeds the ability construct highly scalable web delivered user-oriented decision tools. DANA’s approach uses server-based data processing and web-based user interfaces, rather a client-based spreadsheet approach. This offers a number of benefits over the client-based approach. Server processing and storage can scale up to handle a very large number of scenarios, so that analysis of county, even field level, across the whole U.S., can be performed. Server based databases allow dairy and digester

  13. Copepod recruitment and food composition : Do diatoms affect hatching success?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1996-01-01

    Laboratory experiments were conducted to differentiate between factors controlling the hatching success of copepod eggs. Factors that could affect viability of eggs; viz food quality, female condition and external factors were investigated. In a series of experiments the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana...... was fed several different diets while egg production and hatching success were monitored. The diet was analysed for fatty acid content as an indicator of food quality. Both egg production and hatching were found to be affected by the nutritional quality of the food. Hatching was also highly dependent...

  14. May 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from Dana Point to Point La...

  15. September 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from Dana Point to Point...

  16. 78 FR 1265 - Dana Holding Corporation; Power Technologies Group Division; Including On-Site Leased Workers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-08

    ... Employment and Training Administration Dana Holding Corporation; Power Technologies Group Division; Including... Technologies Group Division, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (subject firm). The worker group includes on-site leased... Company, Power Technologies Group Division, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, who were engaged in employment...

  17. September 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from Dana Point to Point La...

  18. Dana Scully: la heroína limitada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Martín Alegre

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The popular heroine Dana Scully, protagonist of the TV series The XFiles (1993-2002, is a clear example of the contradictory status of all heroines created by men that are nonetheless attractive to female audiences. On the one hand, female spectators admire her as an example of personal and professional honesty but feel frustrated by her weak points, which are emotional. They don’t know whether to read them as realistic features –women are like that- or as plain misogyny: the male creators of the character force her to go in direction no woman in her place would go. After considering her origins, characterisation and development, especially in the last two seasons in which she becomes a mother, I conclude that the ambiguous feminine response she generates is inevitable. Feminist textual criticism reaches thus a dead end: we should give up deploring the absence of a clear feminist stance in men’s texts to vindicate the presence of women in the positions they monopolise in the film and TV industries. Only thus can we really learn what kind of popular heroine we women really want.

  19. Astaxanthin, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin esters in the copepod Acartia bifilosa (Copepoda, Calanoida during ontogenetic development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria £otocka

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The contents of astaxanthin, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin esters were studied in natural populations of the copepod Acartia bifilosa from the Pomeranian Bay and Gulf of Gdansk in the southern Baltic Sea. Samples dominated by any one of three developmental groups: (1 nauplii, (2 copepodids I-III and (3 copepodids IV-V and adults of Acartia bifilosa were analysed by means of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC. As ontogenetic development progressed, significant changes occurred in the proportion of particular pigments in the total pigment pool of the various developmental groups. Astaxanthin and canthaxanthin occurred in all the groups, the former being clearly dominant. However, an increasing percentage of astaxanthin esters was recorded in the copepodids I-III, and even more in the copepodids IV-V and adults group. Most probably, astaxanthin is the main pigment active in copepod lipid metabolism. Carotenoid pigments in copepods very likely act as efficient free-electron quenchers and may be involved as antioxidants in rapid lipid metabolism. The exogenously feeding stages (late nauplii and copepodids transform plant carotenoids taken from food and are evidently capable of metabolising astaxanthin by esterification and further degradation. It is emphasised that, according to literature data, astaxanthin esters may have an even higher quenching ability. It is suggested that crustacean carotenoid pigments, with their electron donor-acceptor abilities, may replace oxygen in peroxidation processes connected with lipid metabolism. The consequences of such a physiological role of astaxanthin for present-day estimations of energy balances in zooplankton communities are mentioned.

  20. X-15 test pilots - Thompson, Dana, and McKay

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-01-01

    NASA pilots Milton O. Thompson, William H. 'Bill' Dana, and John B. 'Jack' McKay are seen here in front of the #2 X-15 (56-6671) rocket-powered research aircraft. Among them, the three NASA research pilots made 59 flights in the X-15 (14 for Thompson, 16 for Dana, and 29 for McKay). The X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 ft long with a wingspan of 22 ft. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 weighed about 14,000 lb empty and approximately 34,000 lb at launch. The XLR-99 rocket engine, manufactured by Thiokol Chemical Corp., was pilot controlled and was capable of developing 57,000 lb of rated thrust (actual thrust reportedly climbed to 60,000 lb). North American Aviation built three X-15 aircraft for the program. The X-15 research aircraft was developed to provide in-flight information and data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls, and the physiological aspects of high-speed, high-altitude flight. A follow-on program used the aircraft as a testbed to carry various scientific experiments beyond the Earth's atmosphere on a repeated basis. For flight in the dense air of the usable atmosphere, the X-15 used conventional aerodynamic controls such as rudder surfaces on the vertical stabilizers to control yaw and canted horizontal surfaces on the tail to control pitch when moving in synchronization or roll when moved differentially. For flight in the thin air outside of the appreciable Earth's atmosphere, the X-15 used a reaction control system. Hydrogen peroxide thrust rockets located on the nose of the aircraft provided pitch and yaw control. Those on the wings provided roll control. Because of the large fuel consumption, the X-15 was air launched from a B-52 aircraft at 45,000 ft and a speed of about 500 mph. Depending on the mission, the rocket engine provided thrust for the first 80 to 120 sec of flight. The remainder of the

  1. Test pilots 1962 - Armstrong, Walker, Dana, Peterson, McKay, Thompson, Butchart

    Science.gov (United States)

    1962-01-01

    The research pilots at what in 1962 was called the Flight Research Center standing in front of the X-1E. They are (left to right) Neil Armstrong, Joe Walker, Bill Dana, Bruce Peterson, Jack McKay, Milt Thompson, and Stan Butchart. of the group, Armstrong, Walker, Dana, McKay and Thompson all flew the X-15. Bruce Peterson flew the M2-F2 and HL-10 lifting bodies, while Stan Butchart was the B-29 drop plane pilot for many of the D-558-II and X-1 series research aircraft.

  2. Reduction of hydrocarbon contamination on viability of Acartia pacifica benthic resting eggs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Xiaodong; WANG Guizhong; LIN Qiongwu

    2008-01-01

    The potential effect of hydrocarbon contamination on the hatching success of benthic resting eggs of Acartia pacifica in Xiamen Bay was investigated experimentally.The number of nauplii emerging from the sediment samples decreased with increasing Fuel Oil #0 concentration.The estimated rate of mortality increased markedly with the increase of Fuel Oil #0 concentration.Successive fuel Oil #0 concentrations from 50 mg/kg to 5000 mg/kg reduced the number of hatched nauplii by 3.8%-100%.The mortality of A.pacifica resting eggs due to Fuel Oil #0 contamination did not significantly increase as time progressed at each concentration level.The LC50 values of resting eggs,changing from 237.12 to 279.59 mg/kg,remained at an almost stable level in two months.The number of A.pacifica nauplii that hatched from the sediment at 10℃ was higher than those from the sediment at 30℃,which indicates that the toxicity of Fuel Oil #0 on A.pacifica resting eggs increases with increasing temperature.

  3. A potential source of recruitment of Acartia pacifica nauplii:viable benthic resting eggs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Guizhong; JIANG Xiaodong; LI Shaojing; WU Lisheng; WU Dingxun

    2005-01-01

    Many estuarine and coastal planktonic copepods depend on the hatching of benthic resting eggs for recruitment of nauplii to the water column population. The distribution and abundance of viable resting eggs of Acartia pacifica in the Xiamen Bay were determined by the presence of nauplii in the laboratory. The number of viable eggs varied temporally and spatially. The maximum number (9.2×104m-2) of viable eggs was in summer. In spring the average abundance of viable eggs was 5.6×104 m-2. The abundances of viable eggs in fall and winter were similar, respectively 2.7×104 and 3.3×104 m-2, which were the lowest in the year. The numbers of viable eggs inside the stations of the Xiamen Bay were higher than those outside the stations. The viable eggs were found at all depths (0~10 cm),although not in every station. The maximin number did not necessarily occur in the uppermost centimeter of the sediments but often occurred several centimeters below the water-sediment interface. The accumulation of viable eggs in the seabed of a subtropical bay constitutes a potential source of recruitment of nauplii into the pelagic population.

  4. Promoting Writing among Psychology Students and Faculty: An Interview with Dana S. Dunn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goddard, Perilou

    2002-01-01

    Perilou Goddard is a professor of psychology at Northern Kentucky University (NKU), where she teaches introductory and abnormal psychology as well as courses in writing in psychology and drug policy. She was chosen as NKU's outstanding professor in 1999. Dana S. Dunn is a professor of psychology and former chair of the Department of Psychology at…

  5. 77 FR 51064 - Dana Holding Corporation, Power Technologies Group Division, Including On-Site Leased Workers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ... Employment and Training Administration Dana Holding Corporation, Power Technologies Group Division, Including... Holding Corporation, Power Technologies Group Division, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (subject firm). The negative... competitive articles) in 2011 and 2012, loss of business with a firm that employed a worker group eligible...

  6. Microcassiope minor (Dana, 1852: a description of the first stage zoea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Xanthidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.F. CLARK

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The first stage zoea of Microcassiope minor (Dana, 1852 is described, illustrated and compared with thirteen other known Xanthinae. This comparison suggests that M. minor is closely related to another Atlantic Ocean xanthid, Nanocassiope melanodactyla (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867. Such an affinity may indicate that the genus Nanocassiope Guinot, 1967 is not a homogenous taxon.

  7. Dana Awards for Undergraduate Education and Health Prompt Debate on the Proper Role of Foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillen, Liz

    1988-01-01

    The Charles A. Dana Foundation is trying to bring attention to innovations that improve the quality of undergraduate education and those that prevent disease and promote health. It is especially interested in ideas that can be copied on other campuses or in other communities or medical institutes. (MLW)

  8. Population dynamics of Acartia pacifica (Copepoda:Calanoida):the importance of benthic-pelagic coupling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIANG Xiaodong; WANG Guizhong; LI Shaojing

    2006-01-01

    The seasonal occurrence of Acartia pacifica (Copepoda: Calanoida) and their resting eggs in the sediment of Xiamen Bay were documented between October 2002 and September 2003. The number of viable eggs in the sediment increased from January to May with the increase in the number of planktonic females. When the population of A. Pacifica disappeared from the water column, the number of eggs in the sediment began to decrease and reached a low value due to lack of input. The peak of nauplii abundance occurred when the hatching potential of eggs from the sediment was high under the natural environment from February to June. The hatching of resting eggs of A. Pacifica was essentially temperature-dependent after suspension, while photoperiod regimes had no significant effect on the hatching. The mean density of subitaneous eggs was 1.122 0 g/cm3 with a standard deviation (SD) of 0.000 2 g/cm3. The mean density of diapause eggs was 1.151 2 g/cm3 with a SD of 0.000 1 g/cm3. The sinking rates of subitaneous eggs ranged from 19.55 to 26.17 m/d, while those of diapause eggs ranged from 30.29 to 31.28 m/d. The comparison of the egg deposition time and egg hatching time suggested that in most cases virtually all subitaneous eggs of A. Pacifica would settle to the bottom before their hatching even though the eggs have high potential to hatch. The evidence was provided that the seasonal dynamics of A. Pacifica is accompanied by benthic-pelagic coupling.

  9. Molecular and microscopic evidence of viruses in marine copepods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunlap, Darren S; Ng, Terry Fei Fan; Rosario, Karyna; Barbosa, Jorge G; Greco, Anthony M; Breitbart, Mya; Hewson, Ian

    2013-01-22

    As dominant members of marine mesozooplankton communities, copepods play critical roles in oceanic food webs and biogeochemical cycling. Despite the ecological significance of copepods, little is known regarding the causes of copepod mortality, and up to 35% of total copepod mortality cannot be accounted for by predation alone. Viruses have been established as ecologically important infectious agents in the oceans; however, viral infection has not been investigated in mesozooplankton communities. Here we used molecular and microscopic techniques to document viral infection in natural populations of the calanoid copepods Acartia tonsa (Dana) and Labidocera aestiva (Wheeler) in Tampa Bay, FL. Viral metagenomics revealed previously undocumented viruses in each species, named Acartia tonsa copepod circo-like virus (AtCopCV) and Labidocera aestiva copepod circo-like virus (LaCopCV). LaCopCV was found to be extremely prevalent and abundant in L. aestiva populations, with up to 100% prevalence in some samples and average viral loads of 1.13 × 10(5) copies per individual. LaCopCV transcription was also detected in the majority of L. aestiva individuals, indicating viral activity. AtCopCV was sporadically detected in A. tonsa populations year-round, suggesting temporal variability in viral infection dynamics. Finally, virus-like particles of unknown identity were observed in the connective tissues of A. tonsa and L. aestiva by transmission electron microscopy, demonstrating that viruses were actively proliferating in copepod connective tissue as opposed to infecting gut contents, parasites, or symbionts. Taken together, these results provide strong independent lines of evidence for active viral infection in dominant copepod species, indicating that viruses may significantly influence mesozooplankton ecology.

  10. DISTRIBUTION AND POPULATION DYNAMICS OF PARACALANUS PARVUS, PARACALANUS CRASSIROSTRIS, AND ACARTIA BIFILOSA (COPEPODA, CALANOIDA) IN THE BOHAI SEA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王荣; 张鸿雁; 王克; 左涛

    2002-01-01

    Paracalanus parvus, Paracalanus crassirostris, and Acartia bifilosa ar e dominant and widely distributed in the Bohai Sea, and comprise an important part of zooplankton in terms of biomass as well as production rate. In order to understa nd their seasonal distribution and population dynamics, their stage-specific abund ance in different months of the year were analyzed based on the never analyzed yet sa mples collected in 1959. The three species showed clear and remarkable seasonal variat ion in abundance, which maximized in spring and summer, when they formed high biomas s patches or concentrations in the nearshore area. For Paracalanus parvus, two peaks were observed in the annual circle, one in June and the other in September. For Paracalanus crassirostris, one peak occurred in summer and a small one in De cember. The seasonal pattern of Acartia bifilosa was different in different regions. In Bohai Bay it had a two-peak pattern, with the first large peak occurring in May and t he second one in October. In Laizhou Bay, a winter peak in December and January cou ld be observed besides the spring one. The number of generations during the reprodu ctive season for the three species was estimated based on the annual cycle in abundanc e and ambient temperature.

  11. HUBUNGAN ANTARA PAD DAN DANA PERIMBANGAN DENGAN BELANJA MODAL PEMDA KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subowo -

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan antara pendapatan asli daerah (PAD dan Dana Perimbangan dengan belanja modal dan mendeteksi kontribusi PAD, Dana Perimba-ngan dan Belanja Modal terhadap pemerintah daerah APBD Kudus. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif. Sampel penelitian yang digunakan adalah Laporan Realisasi Anggaran Pemerintah Daerah Kudus mulai tahun 2003 sampai 2008. Variabel gayutnya (Y adalah Belanja Modal (Y1, sedangkan variabel bebas (X dalam penelitian ini adalah PAD (X1 dan Dana Perimbangan (X2. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder yang diambil dengan cara dokumentasi teknis. Penelitian ini menggunakan korelasi produk momen untuk melihat hu-bungan antar variabel-variabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara PAD dan Dana Perimbangan dengan Belanja Modal. The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between PAD and balance fund with Capital expenditure and to detect the contribution of PAD, balance fund and capital expenditure to the APBD of Kudus local government. This research includes quantitative descriptive research. The sample of the research was the Local Government Budget Realization Report of Kudus started from 2003 up to 2008. Here, the dependent variable (Y is Capital Expenditure (Y1, while the independent variable (X in this research is PAD (X1 and the Balance Fund (X2. This research used secondary data taken by applying the technical documentation. This research used correlation product moment to see the relationship between the variables. The result indicates that there are significant relationships between  PAD and balance fund with capital expenditure.

  12. PENGELOLAAN DANA BOS PADA SD NEGERI DI UPT PELAYANAN PENDIDIKAN KECAMATAN MOYUDAN KABUPATEN SLEMAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Muryati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui: (1 perencanaan, (2 pelaksanaan, (3 pengawasan dan evaluasi pengelolaan, serta (4 pelaporan dana Bantuan Operasional Sekolah (BOS pada Sekolah Dasar Negeri dengan jumlah siswa sedikit dan jumlah siswa banyak di wilayah UPT Pelayanan Pendidikan Kecamatan Moyudan. Jenis penelitian ini adalah studi kasus. Responden penelitian ini yaitu kepala sekolah, bendahara, guru, komite sekolah, dan orang tua siswa. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, observasi dan studi dokumen. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa: (1 perencanaan pengelolaan dana BOS diprioritaskan untuk peningkatan mutu, namun partisipasi warga sekolah kurang optimal. (2 Pada pelaksanaan: (a penyaluran dana dilaksanakan di awal triwulan, (b proses pembukuan dilaksanakan secara rutin, dan (c prinsip akuntabilitas dan keterbukaan telah dilaksanakan dengan baik. (3 pengawasan dilakukankan oleh kepala sekolah dan pengawas sekolah dengan memeriksa SPJ BOS; evaluasi dilakukan dengan mengisi angket pelaksanaan sekali dalam setahun oleh TIM Manajemen BOS Kabupaten. (4 Pelaporan penggunaan dana BOS dalam bentuk SPJ dilaksanakan setiap triwulan kepada Tim Manajemen BOS Kabupaten melalui UPT Pelayanan Pendidikan. Kata kunci: Pengelolaan, Dana Bantuan Operasional Sekolah. BOS FUNDS MANAGEMENT ON STATE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN THE DISTRICT MOYUDAN EDUCATION SERVICES UNIT SLEMAN REGENCY Abstract This study aims to reveal: (1 the planning, (2 implementation, (3 monitoring and evaluation, and (4 reporting of the management of School Operational Fund (BOS on public elementary schools whcihhas small and a big number of students in the District Moyudan Education. Respondents were the principals, treasurers, teachers, school committees, and parents of students. Data collection techniques were interviews, observation and document study The results of this study indicate that: (1 the fund was prioritized for student activities to improve the quality of education but

  13. KEPUASAN NASABAH TERHADAP BANK DAN DANA PIHAK KETIGA UNIT USAHA SYARIAH BNI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Is Eka Herawati

    2013-03-01

    adalah kepuasan nasabah (customer satisfaction. Hasil studi ini memperlihatkan bahwa alasan memilih bank syariah bukan hanya faktor agama, sehingga bank harus meningkatkan kualitas pelayanannya. Secara umum kinerja UUS BNI dalam semua atribut bank dan Produk Dana Pihak Ketiga belum memberikan kepuasan terhadap nasabahnya terbukti masih ada perbedaan harapan dan kenyataan. Menurut responden, atribut bank yang penting adalah lokasi yang strategis, jaringan kantor cabang, kredibilitas, profesionalisme, idiology syariah dan keramahan. Sedangkan atribut Produk Dana Pihak Ketiga yang penting menurut responden adalah keamanan dana, prosedur penarikan dana yang mudah, prinsip bagi hasil dan teknologi. Sehubungan dengan hal tersebut diatas ada 4 (empat usulan strategi pemasaran bagi UUS BNI agar dapat kompetitif. Pertama, UUS BNI harus dapat menciptakan citra sebagai bank syariah yang profesional. Kedua, UUS BNI harus mengembangkan pasar dengan menambah jumlah kantor cabang. Ketiga, UUS BNI harus memperbaiki layanan pada teknologi ATM. Keempat, UUS BNI harus menawarkan bagi hasil yang lebih menarik melalui pembiayaan yang optimal.

  14. Test pilots 1962 - Thompson, McKay, Dana, Armstrong, Peterson, Butchart, Walker

    Science.gov (United States)

    1962-01-01

    A group photo of NASA research pilots at the front door of the Flight Research Center headquarters building. In the front row are (left to right) Milt Thompson, Jack McKay, and Bill Dana. All three flew the X-15, and Thompson and Dana were also involved in the lifting body flights. McKay was injured in a crash landing in X-15 #2. Although he recovered, the injuries eventually forced him to retire from research flying. In the back row (left to right) are Neil Armstrong, Bruce Peterson, Stanley Butchart, and Joe Walker. Armstrong and Walker also both flew the X-15. Soon after this photo was taken, Armstrong was selected as an astronaut, and seven years later became the first man to walk on the Moon. Walker made the highest flight in the X-15, reaching 354,200 feet. He then went on to fly the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle, and was killed on June 8, 1966 when his F-104N collided with the XB-70. Peterson made the first flight in the HL-10 lifting body, and was later badly injured in the crash of the M2-F2 lifting body. Butchart flew a wide range of research missions in the 1950s, and was the B-29 drop plane pilot for a number of rocket flight.

  15. Seasonal dynamics of Pseudocalanus minutus elongatus and Acartia spp. in the southern Baltic Sea (Gdańsk Deep – numerical simulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mudrak

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available A population dynamics model for copepods is presented describing a seasonal dynamics of Pseudocalanus minutus elongatus and Acartia spp. in the southern Baltic Sea (Gdansk Deep. The copepod model was coupled with an one-dimensional physical and biological upper layer model for nutrients (total inorganic nitrogen, phosphate, phytoplankton, microzooplankton and an early juvenile of herring as predator. In this model, mesozooplankton (herbivorous copepods has been introduced as animals having definite patterns of growth in successive stages, reproduction and mortality. The populations are represented by 6 cohorts in different developmental stages, thus assuming, that recruitment of the next generation occurs after a fixed period of adult life. The copepod model links trophic processes and population dynamics, and simulates individual growth within cohorts and the changes in biomass between cohorts. The simulations of annual cycles of copepods contain one complete generation of Pseudocalanus and two generations of Acartia in the whole column water, and indicate the importance of growth of older stages of 6 cohorts each species to total population biomass. The peaks of copepods biomass, main, at the turn of June and July for Pseudocalanus and smaller, in July for Acartia, lag that phytoplankton by ca. two mouths due to growth of cohorts in successive stages and egg production by females. The numerical results show that the investigated species could not be the main factor limiting the spring phytoplankton bloom in the Gdansk Deep, because the initial development was slow for Acartia and faster for Pseudocalanus, but main development formed after the bloom, in both cases. However, the simulated microzooplankton biomass was enough high to conclude, in our opinion, that, in this case, it was major cause limiting phytoplankton bloom. Model presented here is a next step in understanding how the population dynamics of a dominant species in the southern

  16. Economic feasibility of copepod production for commercial use

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gedefaw Abate, Tenaw; Nielsen, Rasmus; Nielsen, Max

    2015-01-01

    condition, reduces mal-pigmentation and allows breeding of ‘new’ marine finfish species. However, copepods are not yet commercially produced and therefore not widely used in the aquaculture industry. One of the bottlenecks for large-scale production has been lack of economic knowledge on the feasibility...... of producing copepods for commercial application. This is the first empirical study to investigate the economic feasibility of copepod production for commercial use. To this end, a standard cost-benefit analysis based on a prototype production facility of Acartia tonsa (Dana) eggs at Roskilde University......, Denmark, is employed. The result reveals that commercial production of copepods is economically feasible considering the existing market prices on both copepods and competing live feed items such as rotifers. The study provides valuable information for businesses who consider investing in live feed...

  17. MODEL MANAJEMEN FUNDRAISING WAKAF PADA YAYASAN DANA SOSIAL AL FALAH (YDSF SURABAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahul Huda

    2016-02-01

      Abstract: Naz}i>r autonomous and continuity is always needed to share out properties donated for religious or community use (wakaf product continuously. This assumption actually needs wakaf’s properties and fund sources to increase fundraising model of wakaf. This article is to investigate fundraising model of wakaf trough conventional resources, assets productivity, and ‘in-link’ of wakaf at YDSF Surabaya. The writer uses qualitative descriptive approach to seek the field data from a single case. Findings show that “Yayasan Dana Sosial al-Falah” (YDSF Surabaya applies not only fundraising management of wakaf to improve resource fundraising model for collecting conventional resources but also grant  fundraising to enrich wakaf distribution program. YDSF does not empower asset fundraising model yet, so it is at direct management cluster category.  Keywords: Sadaqah Ja>riyah, al-H{abs, Management Fundraising of Wakaf, Corporate Social Responsibility.

  18. Metabolic response of Danaüs archippus and Saccharomyces cerevisiae to weak oscillatory magnetic fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, D. N.; Webb, S. J.

    1981-09-01

    Respiration of the insect larva, Danaüs archippus, and the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in log phase has been monitored before and after an oscillatory magnetic insult of 0.005 Gauss rms amplitude and 40 50 min duration. Frequencies used were 10 16 Hz for the insect and 100 200 Hz for the yeast. Depression of as much as 30% in metabolic rate has been found to occur immediately after the field is both imposed and eliminated with a general recovery over the 30-min period thereafter both in and out of the imposed field, although complete recovery to original levels may take much longer. Evidence is given that the response may depend on the frequency pattern used. This data is used to formulate an hypothesis whereby changes in the geomagnetic field variability pattern may act as a biochronometric zeitgeber.

  19. Upitne rečenice u današnjem rovinjsko istroromanskom govoru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavao Tekavčić

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available Ovaj je rad dio studija današnjega istroromanskog dijalekta grada Rovinja, idioma na kojem pišu suvremeni rovinjski pisci Giusto Curto, Giovanni Santin, Giovanni i Antonio Pellizzer, u antologiji nagradenih radova pod naslovom lstria Nobilissima. Zbog obimnosti materijala studiraju se samo nezavisne upitne rečenice, na korpusu od 747 primjera. Upitne su rečenice važan dio sintakse rečenice i perioda, odnosno iskaza i teksta, a uz svoju osnovnu funkciju (traženje informacija mogu imati i druge, sekundarne funkcije prvenstveno pragmatičke prirode. Nakon pregleda temeljnih kategorija potrebnih za opis i analizu upitnih rečenica analizira se izbor od 91 primjera (koneksionalne, nuklearne, alternativne, eliptične rečenice, rečenice pitanja »na kvadrat« i »jeke i nadovezivanja«. rečenice stopljene iz dvaju različitih tipova i, na kraju, fosilizirane upitne rečenice k oje u današnjem jeziku funkcioniraju kao pragmatičke formule za izražavanje rezignacije, negacije, strogosti, najave važnih dijelova iskaza itd.. U suvremenoj su rovinjskoj prozi zastupani svi glavni tipovi upitnih rečenica, što s jedne strane dokazuje njihovu važnost u spontanom govoru, a s druge strane svjedoči i o umješnosti autorii koji, pišući na rovinjskom, umiju donijeti na pozornicu (ili pred čitaoca živi i spontani govor svoga kraja.

  20. Effect of alternative mediums on production and proximate composition of the microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri as food in culture of the copepod Acartia sp. Efecto de medios alternativos sobre la producción y composición proximal de la microalga Chaetoceros muelleri como alimento en cultivo del copépodo Acartia sp.

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez-Córdova, Luis R.; Alfredo Campaña-Torres; Marcel Martinez-Porchas; José A López-Elías; Celia O García-Sifuentes

    2012-01-01

    Microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri was cultured in three different mediums consisting on an agricultural fertilizer (Agr-F), aquacultural fertilizer (Aq-F) and a conventional medium (F/2, control). These microalgae were later used as natural food to culture the copepod Acartia sp. The productive response and chemical proximate composition of microalgae and copepods were monitored. Growth rate and final cell concentration were higher in microalgae cultured in Agr-F compared to the control. In add...

  1. Seasonal dynamics of Pseudocalanus minutus elongatus and Acartia spp. in the southern Baltic Sea (Gdańsk Deep – numerical simulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A population dynamics model for copepods is presented, describing the seasonal dynamics of Pseudocalanus minutus elongatus and Acartia spp. in the southern Baltic Sea (Gdańsk Deep. The copepod model was coupled with a one-dimensional physical and biological upper layer model for nutrients (total inorganic nitrogen, phosphate, phytoplankton, microzooplankton, and an early juvenile of herring as a predator. In this model, mesozooplankton (herbivorous copepods has been introduced as an animal having definite patterns of growth in successive stages, reproduction and mortality. The populations are represented by 6 cohorts in different developmental stages, thus assuming that recruitment of the next generation occurs after a fixed period of adult life. The copepod model links trophic processes and population dynamics, and simulates individual growth within cohorts and the changes in biomass between cohorts. The simulations of annual cycles of copepods contain one complete generation of Pseudocalanus and two generations of Acartia in the whole column water, and indicate the importance of growth in the older stages of 6 cohorts of each species, to arrive at a total population biomass. The peaks of copepods' biomass are larger at the turn of June and July for Pseudocalanus and smaller in July for Acartia, lagging that of phytoplankton by ca. two mouths, due to the growth of cohorts in successive stages and egg production by females. The numerical results show that the investigated species could not be the main factor limiting the spring phytoplankton bloom in the Gdańsk Deep, because the initial development was slow for Acartia and faster for Pseudocalanus, but the main development formed after the bloom, in both cases. The phytoplankton bloom is very important in the diet of the adults of the copepods, but it is not particularly important for the youngest part of new generation (early nauplii. However, the simulated microzooplankton biomass was

  2. Grazer-induced chain lenght plasticity reduces grazing risk in a marine diatom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergkvist, Johanna; Thor, Peter; Jakobsen, Hans Henrik;

    2012-01-01

    We show that Skeletonema marinoi suppresses chain formation in response to copepod cues. The presence of three different copepod species (Acartia tonsa, Centropages hamatus, or Temora longicornis) significantly reduced chain length. Furthermore, chain length was significantly reduced when S. mari...

  3. Inorganic nitrogen addition in a semi-intensive turbot larval aquaculture system: effects on phytoplankton and zooplankton composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blanda, Elisa; Hansen, Benni Winding; Højgaard, Jacob Kring

    2016-01-01

    dinoflagellates, including Alexandrium pseudogonyaulax and Prorocentrum spp., became dominant in the nitrogen treatments and might have arrested zooplankton recruitment. Laboratory experiments with a toxic strain of A. pseudogonyaulax proved that Acartia tonsa reproduction and naupliar survival were affected...

  4. HL-10 on lakebed with Jerauld R. Gentry, Peter Hoag, John A. Manke, and Bill Dana

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    The four principal HL-10 pilots are seen here with the lifting body aircraft. They are, left to right; Air Force Major Jerauld R. Gentry, Air Force test pilot Peter Hoag, and NASA pilots John A. Manke and Bill Dana. All are wearing the pressure suits needed for flying above 50,000 feet. The HL-10 was one of five heavyweight lifting-body designs flown at NASA's Flight Research Center (FRC--later Dryden Flight Research Center), Edwards, California, from July 1966 to November 1975 to study and validate the concept of safely maneuvering and landing a low lift-over-drag vehicle designed for reentry from space. Northrop Corporation built the HL-10 and M2-F2, the first two of the fleet of 'heavy' lifting bodies flown by the NASA Flight Research Center. The contract for construction of the HL-10 and the M2-F2 was $1.8 million. 'HL' stands for horizontal landing, and '10' refers to the tenth design studied by engineers at NASA's Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va. After delivery to NASA in January 1966, the HL-10 made its first flight on Dec. 22, 1966, with research pilot Bruce Peterson in the cockpit. Although an XLR-11 rocket engine was installed in the vehicle, the first 11 drop flights from the B-52 launch aircraft were powerless glide flights to assess handling qualities, stability, and control. In the end, the HL-10 was judged to be the best handling of the three original heavy-weight lifting bodies (M2-F2/F3, HL-10, X-24A). The HL-10 was flown 37 times during the lifting body research program and logged the highest altitude and fastest speed in the Lifting Body program. On Feb. 18, 1970, Air Force test pilot Peter Hoag piloted the HL-10 to Mach 1.86 (1,228 mph). Nine days later, NASA pilot Bill Dana flew the vehicle to 90,030 feet, which became the highest altitude reached in the program. Some new and different lessons were learned through the successful flight testing of the HL-10. These lessons, when combined with information from it's sister ship, the M2-F2/F3

  5. PERENCANAAN DAN EKSEKUSI STRATEGI PENYALURAN DANA TABUNGAN PERUMAHAN PEGAWAI NEGERI SIPIL DI BAPERTARUM-PNS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suhartoyo Suhartoyo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to evaluate the strategy execution system that has been carried out by Bapertarum-PNS, to evaluate the external and internal conditions influencing the Bapertarum-PNS in increasing the amount of Housing Saving distribution, to formulate alternative strategies to increase the amount of Housing Saving distribution, to determine strategic priorities of Bapertarum-PNS in increasing the Housing Saving fund for the civil servants, and formulate a strategic execution plan of Bapertarum-PNS in carrying out the planned strategic priorities. This study used the analysis of internal and external factors, SWOT analysis to determine alternative strategies and used QSPM to search for strategic priorities and their execution stage using the strategic execution system of Kaplan and Norton. The values of IFE and EFE at Bapertarum-PNS are located in quadrant IV that is in the position of Growing and Developing. The position shows that the most effective effort to increase housing is establishing a strategy of product development. Determination of strategic prioritization generates priorities in order to increase the support value of home financing, develop new products and services, expand information services reaching across Indonesia, implement incentive mechanism for employees, expand cooperation with banking executives, promote the formation of law on Bapertarum-PNS as well as to improve coordination with stakeholders of Bapertarum- PNS.Keywords: Bapertarum-PNS, housing, priority strategy, strategy executionAbstrakTujuan penelitian ini adalah mengevaluasi sistem eksekusi strategi yang sudah dilakukan oleh Bapertarum-PNS, mengevaluasi kondisi ekternal dan internal yang memengaruhi Bapertarum-PNS dalam meningkatkan jumlah penyaluran Tabungan Perumahan, merumuskan alternatif strategi dalam meningkatkan jumlah penyaluran Tabungan Perumahan, menentukan prioritas strategi Bapertarum-PNS dalam meningkatkan penyaluran dana Tabungan

  6. Idade e crescimento de Callinectes danae e C. ornatus (Crustacea, Decapoda na Baía de Guanabara, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Age and growth of Callinectes danae and C. ornatus (Crustacea, Decapoda in Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina A. Keunecke

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 e C. ornatus Ordway, 1863 constituem uma parcela importante da produção pesqueira na Baía de Guanabara. Ambas espécies compõem uma fração significativa da fauna-acompanhante sendo exaustivamente descartadas pelas pescarias de arrasto de camarões na costa brasileira. As curvas de crescimento de C. danae e C. ornatus foram calculadas por meio da análise de progressão modal. Para estimar os parâmetros biológicos, foi aplicado o modelo de crescimento de Bertalanffy e para estimar a longevidade foi usada a sua fórmula inversa. As curvas de crescimento foram: ♂ LC = 120 (1 - e -0,005t , ♀ LC = 113 (1 - e -0,005t; ♂ LC = 94 (1 - e -0,005t e ♀ LC = 110 (1 - e -0,005t , respectivamente para C. danae e C. ornatus. A longevidade alcançada para as duas espécies foi em torno de 2,5 anos, além de validar as curvas de crescimento. O estudo do crescimento em crustáceos é de extrema importância, pois além de fornecer a informação biológica básica para o grupo, os parâmetros estimados subsidiam o ordenamento e manejo pesqueiro das espécies exploradas.Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 and C. ornatus Ordway, 1863 constitute an important portion from the fishing products at Guanabara Bay. Both species compose a significant by-catch fraction being a lot discarded during shrimp trawlings along Brazilian coast. Growth curves were estimated by modal progression analysis. For the biological parameters it was applied the Bertalanffy growth function and for the age it was used its inverse formula. Growth curves of C. danae and C. ornatus were respectively: ♂ LC = 120 (1 - e -0,005t, ♀ LC = 113 (1 - e -0,005t; ♂ LC = 94 (1 - e -0,005t and ♀ LC = 110 (1 - e -0,005t. The age for both species reached around 2.5 years, besides to confirm growth curves. Growth study in crustaceans is very important, because besides supplying biological information it subsidizes fishery management for exploted species.

  7. Impact of a power plant cooling system on copepod and meroplankton survival (Bahía Blanca estuary, Argentina Impacto del sistema de enfriamiento de una central termoeléctrica sobre la supervivencia de copépodos y meroplancton (estuario de Bahía Blanca, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Susana Hoffmeyer

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The impact of a power plant cooling system in the Bahía Blanca estuary (Argentina on the survival of target zooplanktonic organisms (copepods and crustacean larvae and on overall mesozooplankton abundance was evaluated over time. Mortality rates were calculated for juveniles and adults of four key species in the estuary: Acartia tonsa Dana, 1849 and Eurytemora americana Williams, 1906 (native and invading copepods, and larvae of the crab Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851 and the invading cirriped Balanus glandula Darwin, 1854. Mean total mortality values were up to four times higher at the water discharge site than at intake, though for all four species, significant differences were only registered in post-capture mortality. The findings show no evidence of greater larval sensitivity. As expected, the sharpest decrease in overall mesozooplankton abundance was found in areas close to heated water discharge.El impacto del sistema de enfriamiento de una planta termoeléctrica ubicada en el estuario de Bahía Blanca, Argentina, fue evaluado en el tiempo, sobre la supervivencia de especies zooplanctónicas seleccionadas (copépodos y larvas de crustáceos y la abundancia general del meso-zooplancton. Se calcularon tasas de mortalidad de juveniles y adultos de cuatro especies clave en el estuario: Acartia tonsa Dana,1849 y Eurytemora americana Williams,1906 (copépodos nativo e invasor, y larvas del cangrejo Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851 y del cirripedio invasor Balanus glandula Darwin, 1854. Los valores medios hallados de la tasa de mortalidad total, fueron hasta cuatro veces más altos en la descarga que en el agua de entrada al sistema. Sin embargo sólo se registraron diferencias significativas entre estos dos sitios, en los valores de mortalidad post-captura obtenidos para las cuatro especies. Los resultados del estudio no demostraron una mayor sensibilidad larval. Como se esperaba, la disminución más pronunciada en la abundancia general

  8. X-15 flight crew - Engle, Rushworth, McKay, Knight, Thompson, and Dana

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-01-01

    The X-15 flight crew, left to right; Air Force Captain Joseph H. Engle, Air Force Major Robert A. Rushworth, NASA pilot John B. 'Jack' McKay, Air Force Major William J. 'Pete' Knight, NASA pilot Milton O. Thompson, and NASA pilot Bill Dana. These six pilots made 125 of the 199 total flights in the X-15. Rushworth made 34 flights (the most of any X-15 pilot); McKay flew 29 times; Engle, Knight, and Dana each flew 16 times; Thompson's total was 14. The X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 ft long with a wingspan of 22 ft. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 weighed about 14,000 lb empty and approximately 34,000 lb at launch. The XLR-99 rocket engine, manufactured by Thiokol Chemical Corp., was pilot controlled and was capable of developing 57,000 lb of rated thrust (actual thrust reportedly climbed to 60,000 lb). North American Aviation built three X-15 aircraft for the program. The X-15 research aircraft was developed to provide in-flight information and data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls, and the physiological aspects of high-speed, high-altitude flight. A follow-on program used the aircraft as a testbed to carry various scientific experiments beyond the Earth's atmosphere on a repeated basis. For flight in the dense air of the usable atmosphere, the X-15 used conventional aerodynamic controls such as rudder surfaces on the vertical stabilizers to control yaw and canted horizontal surfaces on the tail to control pitch when moving in synchronization or roll when moved differentially. For flight in the thin air outside of the appreciable Earth's atmosphere, the X-15 used a reaction control system. Hydrogen peroxide thrust rockets located on the nose of the aircraft provided pitch and yaw control. Those on the wings provided roll control. Because of the large fuel consumption, the X-15 was air launched from a B-52

  9. X-15 test pilots - Engle, Rushworth, McKay, Knight, Thompson, and Dana

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-01-01

    The X-15 flight crew, left to right; Air Force Captain Joseph H. Engle, Air Force Major Robert A. Rushworth, NASA pilot John B. 'Jack' McKay, Air Force pilot William J. 'Pete' Knight, NASA pilot Milton O. Thompson, and NASA pilot Bill Dana. of their 125 X-15 flights, 8 were above the 50 miles that constituted the Air Force's definition of the beginning of space (Engle 3, Dana 2, Rushworth, Knight, and McKay one each). NASA used the international definition of space as beginning at 62 miles above the earth. The X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 ft long with a wingspan of 22 ft. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 weighed about 14,000 lb empty and approximately 34,000 lb at launch. The XLR-99 rocket engine, manufactured by Thiokol Chemical Corp., was pilot controlled and was capable of developing 57,000 lb of rated thrust (actual thrust reportedly climbed to 60,000 lb). North American Aviation built three X-15 aircraft for the program. The X-15 research aircraft was developed to provide in-flight information and data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls, and the physiological aspects of high-speed, high-altitude flight. A follow-on program used the aircraft as a testbed to carry various scientific experiments beyond the Earth's atmosphere on a repeated basis. For flight in the dense air of the usable atmosphere, the X-15 used conventional aerodynamic controls such as rudder surfaces on the vertical stabilizers to control yaw and canted horizontal surfaces on the tail to control pitch when moving in synchronization or roll when moved differentially. For flight in the thin air outside of the appreciable Earth's atmosphere, the X-15 used a reaction control system. Hydrogen peroxide thrust rockets located on the nose of the aircraft provided pitch and yaw control. Those on the wings provided roll control. Because of the large

  10. AGE GROUPS OF ANTARCTIC KRILL,EUPHAUSIA SUPERBA DANA,IN THE PRYDZ BAY REGION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Age groups of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana) in the Prydz Bay region were studied by distribution mixture analysis based on length/frequency data collected by R/V Jidi during the 1989/1990 and 1990/1991 austral summer. Five age groups were determined, i.e. 1+, 2+, 3+, 4+, and 5+ , or six age groups in all, if the 0+ larvae were included. The mean body length of 1+ to 5+ age groups was 25.70 mm, 40.47 mm, 45.52 mm, 50.52 mm and 54.52 mm respectively. Supposing the difference in body length between successive age groups is a reflection of the yearly growth, the maximum growth rate occurred during the period from 1+ juveniles to 2+ subadults (14.77 mm/a). From 2+ subadults to 3+ adults the growth rate dropped steeply (5.05 mm/a) because at this stage, increase of body length was substituted, to a great extent, by the growth of sexual products. From 3+ onwards the growth rate was maintained at a relatively low level and decreased slowly with age. The relative abundance of age groups 1+ and 2+, in our sample must be much lower than that in the real population owing to both the large mesh size we used and the distribution difference between juveniles and adults. If we left aside 1+ and 2+ age groups and just looked at the relative abundance of adults, we found that age group 3+ dominated the adult population and that the relative abundance decreased sharply with increasing age. If this situation is normal, one can expect an extremely high mortality rate in adults, 82.6% from 3+ to 4+ and 94.0% from 4+ to 5+. This is reasonably expectable for the Prydz Bay region.

  11. Unambiguous detection of astaxanthin and astaxanthin fatty acid esters in krill (Euphausia superba Dana).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grynbaum, Marc David; Hentschel, Petra; Putzbach, Karsten; Rehbein, Jens; Krucker, Manfred; Nicholson, Graeme; Albert, Klaus

    2005-09-01

    HPLC atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI)/MS, GC MS, HPLC diode array detection (DAD), and NMR were used for the identification of astaxanthin and astaxanthin fatty acid esters in krill (Euphausia superba Dana). Matrix solid phase dispersion was applied for the extraction of the carotenoids. This gentle and expeditious extraction technique for solid and viscous samples leads to distinct higher enrichment rates than the conventional liquid-liquid extraction. The chromatographic separation was achieved employing a C30 RP column that allows the separation of shape-constrained geometrical isomers. A methanol/tert-butylmethyl ether/water gradient was applied. (all-E) Astaxanthin and the geometrical isomers were identified by HPLC APCI/MS, by coelution with isomerized authentical standard, by UV spectroscopy (DAD), and three isomers were unambiguously assigned by microcoil NMR spectroscopy. In this method, microcoils are transversally aligned to the magnetic field and have an increased sensitivity compared to the conventional double-saddle Helmholtz coils, thus enabling the measurement on small samples. The carotenol fatty acid esters were saponified enzymatically with Lipase type VII from Candida rugosa. The fatty acids were detected by GC MS after transesterification, but also without previous derivatization by HPLC APCI/MS. C14:0, C16:0, C16:1, C18:1, C20:0, C20:5, and C22:6 were found in astaxanthin monoesters and in astaxanthin diesters. (all-E) Astaxanthin was identified as the main isomer in six fatty acid ester fractions by NMR. Quantitation was carried out by the method of internal standard. (13-cis) Astaxanthin (70 microg/g), 542 microg/g (all-E) astaxanthin, 36 microg/g unidentified astaxanthin isomer, 62 microg/g (9-cis) astaxanthin, and 7842 microg/g astaxanthin fatty acid esters were found.

  12. Modalni glagoli v Da Vinčijevi šifri Dana Browna v izvirniku in prevodu

    OpenAIRE

    Kovačič, Ines

    2009-01-01

    Cilj te diplomske naloge je ugotoviti, kako so angleški modalni glagoli prevedeni v slovenščino in ali obstajajo kakšne podobnosti oziroma razlike med originalom in izvirnikom. Ukvarjala sem se z vprašanjem, ali so bili pri prevodih uporabljeni ustrezni slovenski modalni glagoli oziroma so namesto le-teh uporabljeni drugi izrazi. Prav tako me je zanimala pogostost uporabe modalnih glagolov. Podlaga za analizo je bilo delo The Da Vinci Code – Da Vinčijeva šifra avtorja Dana Browna. Kjiga j...

  13. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum dan Jumlah Penduduk terhadap Belanja Daerah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Devita

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD, Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU dan jumlah penduduk terhadap belanja daerah kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Ketika diamati dari pengaruhnya dengan menggunakan model fixed effect, dapat dilihat bahwa PAD dan DAU secara simultan dan parsial dapat meningkatkan belanja langsung dan belanja tidak langsung sementara jumlah penduduk mengurangi peningkatan belanja langsung. Hal ini berbeda dengan belanja tidak langsung yang memiliki efek positif karena pertumbuhan penduduk di kabupaten/kota di Jambi dapat meningkatkan alokasi belanja pegawai sedangkan untuk belanja langsung terutama untuk belanja modal tidak efisien. Kata kunci : Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum, Anggaran.     Abstract This study aimed to analyze the influence of Locally-Generated Revenue (PAD, General Allocation Fund (DAU, and the population of the regional budget district/city in Jambi Province. Data in this research is regional budget, PAD, DAU and population. When it is observed from its effect by using fixed effect model, it can be seen that PAD dan DAU in total or partial can improve direct spending and indirect spending meanwhile population can reduce the improvement of direct spending. It is different with indirect spending which has positive effect because the growing of population in regency/city in Jambi can improve the allocation of employee spending meanwhile for direct spending especially for capital spending is not efficient. Keywords: Locally-Generated Revenue, General Allocation Fund, Budget

  14. Description of a new western Atlantic species of Argeia Dana with a proposed new subfamily for this and related genera (Crustacea Isopoda, Bopyridae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Markham, J.C.

    1977-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Recently, material representing an undescribed species of the genus Argeia Dana in the western Atlantic, the first record of that genus from this ocean, became available to me. The previous records of Argeia are of 4 species in the Pacific, including one whose range extends around the e

  15. Oceanographic profile; phosphate, silicate and other measurements collected using bottle and high resolution CTD from the DANA, JAN MAYEN (LAHV) and other platforms in the Coastal N Atlantic, Arctic and other locations from 1995 to 1997 (NODC Accession 0000566)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile, zooplankton, and nutrients data were collected using net and bottle casts from DANA and JAN MAYEN in the North Atlantic Ocean. Data were...

  16. Prevalensi Depresi pada Pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang Mengambil Dana Pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finna Dwi Putri

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPensiun seringkali dianggap sebagai kenyataan yang tidak menyenangkan sehingga menjelang masanya tiba, sebagian orang sudah merasa cemas karena tidak tahu kehidupan seperti apa yang akan dihadapi kelak. Individu yang memiliki kondisi mental yang tidak stabil sering menjadi akar penyebab terjadinya gangguan mental semasa pensiun yaitu depresi. Depresi merupakan salah satu gangguan mood yang ditandai oleh hilangnya perasaan kendali seseorang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui prevalensi depresi pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang mengambil dana pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dan subjek dipilih secara consecutive sampling dengan jumlah 277 orang. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner Beck Depression Inventory dan hasil yang didapatkan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi depresi pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang mengambil dana pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang sebesar 27,8%. Usia terbanyak berada pada kategori usia ≥60 tahun, gejala depresi terbanyak terjadi pada pensiunan laki-laki, prevalensi depresi terbanyak pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil golongan IIIa. Prevalensi terbanyak adalah pensiunan yang menjalani lama pensiun ≤10 tahun.Kata kunci: depresi, pensiun, pegawai negeri sipil AbstractRetirement is often regarded as unpleasant fact that before it’s time comes, most people are worried because they do not know what kind of life to be faced later. Individuals who have an unstable mental condition is often the root causes of mental disorders during retirement i.e depression. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by loss of control of one’s feelings. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression in retired civil servants who take the retirement funds in BTPN Bank branch M. Yamin Padang. This was a descriptive study and subjects were chosen by

  17. Estrutura populacional de Armases angustipes (Dana (Decapoda, Brachyura, Grapsidae na Ilha do Farol, Matinhos, Paraná Population structurc of Armases angustipes (Dana (Decapoda, Brachyura, Grapsidae from Farol Island, Matinhos, Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vânia G.L. Kowalczuk

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Annual fluetuation of densities and population strueture of Armases angustipes (Dana, 1852 from a rocky shore at Farol Island, Matinhos, Paraná, Brazil (25º51'S and 48º32'W were studied. The population strueture was treated in the following aspects: sexual proportion, dial intensity of activities, size composition and its fluetuation, and general condition of the crabs. The collections were made monthly, from January to December 1991. The samples were obtained handly, in the morning and at night, at the supratidal zone during low tides. There were caught 1,139 crabs, among which 34 were juveniles, 544 males, 555 females and 4 ovigerous females. Population density was highest in April (19.56 ind.m"² and in October (23.86 ind.m"² . The sexual proportion was 1:1 in eleven months. Although the male crabs were more abundant than the females in May, there was not any statistical significam difference between the sexes. The activity of the population is intenser at night than at morning for both sexes. The recruitment of juveniles oceurs mainly in March, April and July. The condition factor in females is related to the reproduetive period. The population can migrate to the terrestrial habitat near the supratidal zone.

  18. Population distribution, structure and growth condition of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana) during the austral summer in the Southern Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Yongqiang; SUN Song; LI Chaolun; TAO Zhencheng

    2014-01-01

    Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana) was collected using a High Speed Collector and an Isaac-Kidd midwater trawl (IKMT) net during the austral summer of 2007/2008 and 2008/2009 in the circumpolar and Prydz Bay regions of the Southern Ocean, respectively. Combined with the simultaneous recording of environmental factors, spatial distribution, population structure and growth condition of E. superba were studied. The abundance of E. superba in the Weddell Sea was higher than in Prydz Bay. However, the abundance of E. superba in both the Weddell Sea and Prydz Bay was lower than figures reported in previous krill surveys for the same time period. With respect to the total study area, E. superba displayed a normal growing state during the two expeditions. E. superba grew relatively poorly in some stations, which may be due to the late retreat of sea ice or lower chlorophyll a concentrations. The number of juvenile E. superba collected using the High Speed Collector was proportionally greater in stations located at the edge of the sea ice, while adults dominated in long-term non-ice regions. This phenomenon reflects the different distribution pattern between juvenile and adult krill. The population structure of E. superba differed between sea regions, which may affect recruitment.

  19. Influence of phytoplankton diets on the ingestion rate and egg production of Acartia clausi and A. lilljeborgii (Copepoda: Calanoida from Bahía de La Paz, Gulf of California Influencia de dietas de fitoplancton en la tasa de ingesta y producción de huevos de Acartia clausi y A. lilljeborgii (Copepoda: Calanoida de la Bahía de La Paz, Golfo de California

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Johanna Band-Schmidt

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Different phytoplankton diets were tested on Acartia clausi and A. lilljeborgii from Bahía de La Paz to determine their effect on survival, egg production, and ingestion rate. Female copepods were fed diatom strains (Chaetoceros sp., Cylindrotheca closterium, Odontella longicruris, and Dytilum brightwelli, dinoflagellate strains (Scrippsiella sp., Gyrodinium sp., Prorocentrum micans, and P. rhathymum, and one Raphidophyceae (Chattonella sp.. After 24 h of incubation in darkness at 24 °C, survival with various phytoplankton diets was above 91%. Gyrodinium sp. produced the lowest survival in both copepod species (44.5% in A. clausi and 89.6% in A. lilljeborgii. Dinoflagellate diets provided the highest egg production. A. clausi had higher egg production when fed with P. rhathymum, P. micans, Gyrodinium sp., Scrippsiella sp., and Chattonella sp. A. lilljeborgii had a higher egg production with Scrippsiella sp., P. micans, Gyrodinium sp., and Chaetoceros sp. Ingestion rates were higher in both Acartia species with two diatom diets (O. longicruris and Chaetoceros sp., P. rhathymum and Chattonella sp. These results suggest that both Acartia species respond to nutritional quality of phytoplankton in a short time. Higher ingestion rates did not necessarily result in higher egg production, suggesting that the link between ingestion and egg production may be in what is eaten, rather than in how much. The response in egg production seems to be species specific, but in general was higher with dinoflagellate diets, suggesting a higher food quality compared with diatoms (excepting Chaetoceros sp..Se probaron diversas dietas de fitoplancton en Acartia clausi y A. lilljeborgii de la Bahía de La Paz, para determinar su efecto en la supervivencia, producción de huevos y tasa de ingesta. Se alimentaron hembras de copépodos con cepas de diatomeas (Chaetoceros sp., Cylindrotheca closterium, Odontella longicruris y Dytilum brightwelli, de dinoflagelados

  20. Determining the Advantages, Costs, and Trade-Offs of a Novel Sodium Channel Mutation in the Copepod Acartia hudsonica to Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PST.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Finiguerra

    Full Text Available The marine copepod Acartia hudsonica was shown to be adapted to dinoflagellate prey, Alexandrium fundyense, which produce paralytic shellfish toxins (PST. Adaptation to PSTs in other organisms is caused by a mutation in the sodium channel. Recently, a mutation in the sodium channel in A. hudsonica was found. In this study, we rigorously tested for advantages, costs, and trade-offs associated with the mutant isoform of A. hudsonica under toxic and non-toxic conditions. We combined fitness with wild-type: mutant isoform ratio measurements on the same individual copepod to test our hypotheses. All A. hudsonica copepods express both the wild-type and mutant sodium channel isoforms, but in different proportions; some individuals express predominantly mutant (PMI or wild-type isoforms (PWI, while most individuals express relatively equal amounts of each (EI. There was no consistent pattern of improved performance as a function of toxin dose for egg production rate (EPR, ingestion rate (I, and gross growth efficiency (GGE for individuals in the PMI group relative to individuals in the PWI expression group. Neither was there any evidence to indicate a fitness benefit to the mutant isoform at intermediate toxin doses. No clear advantage under toxic conditions was associated with the mutation. Using a mixed-diet approach, there was also no observed relationship between individual wild-type: mutant isoform ratios and among expression groups, on both toxic and non-toxic diets, for eggs produced over three days. Lastly, expression of the mutant isoform did not mitigate the negative effects of the toxin. That is, the reductions in EPR from a toxic to non-toxic diet for copepods were independent of expression groups. Overall, the results did not support our hypotheses; the mutant sodium channel isoform does not appear to be related to adaptation to PST in A. hudsonica. Other potential mechanisms responsible for the adaptation are discussed.

  1. Estructura genética del copépodo Acartia lilljeborgii en la costa del estado de Yucatán, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Tello-Cetina

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Se determinó la estructura genética poblacional y sus implicancias dentro de la cadena trófica del copépodo Acartia lilljeborgii en la costa de Yucatán, mediante el uso de isoenzimas y su posterior determinación por electroforesis. Nueve sistemas se expresaron con un máximo de 30 loci. El polimorfismo y heterocigosis de las poblaciones estudiadas, al ser comparados con otras especies de copépodos, resultaron ser bajos y de los cuatro loci que presentaron variación, solo los loci EST2 y PGM1 se expresaron en todos los sitios de muestreo. La PGM1 presentó el mayor valor de heterocigosis (0,4728 y la GPI1 fue la de menor valor (0,3200. Ningún sistema se apartó de la condición de equilibrio de Hardy-Weinberg. Los valores de FST estuvieron entre los valores de -0,0798 para PGM1 y de 0,5899 para FBP1. Las tres poblaciones de A. lilljeborgii analizadas en la costa de Yucatán, presentaron una baja variabilidad y diferenciación genética entre las poblaciones, como lo indican los valores de distancia genética de 0,0585 que fue el mayor para las poblaciones de Chelem y de Río Lagartos, lo que sugiere que estas poblaciones están parcialmente aisladas. Sin embargo, debido a que A. lilljeborgii produce huevos diapáusicos o de reposo, que pueden ser transportados fuera o dentro de éstos cuerpos de agua, es probable que esta condición mantenga las frecuencias alélicas y genotípicas similares o muy cercanas entre sí. Los resultados mostraron la existencia de flujo genético, dado a través de una dispersión pasiva de los huevos diapáusicos que produce esta especie.

  2. Survival of Mexican Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia under Treatment with the Protocol from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute 00-01

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez-Hernández, Elva; Jaimes-Reyes, Ethel Zulie; Arellano-Galindo, José; García-Jiménez, Xochiketzalli; Tiznado-García, Héctor Manuel; Sánchez-Jara, Berenice; Bekker-Méndez, Vilma Carolina; Ortíz-Torres, María Guadalupe; Ortíz-Fernández, Antonio; Marín-Palomares, Teresa; Mejía-Aranguré, Juan Manuel

    2015-01-01

    Our aim in this paper is to describe the results of treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in Mexican children treated from 2006 to 2010 under the protocol from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) 00-01. The children were younger than 16 years of age and had a diagnosis of ALL de novo. The patients were classified as standard risk if they were 1–9.9 years old and had a leucocyte count 100 × 109/L. The poor outcomes were associated with toxic death during induction, complete remission, and relapse. These factors remain the main obstacles to the success of this treatment in our population. PMID:25922837

  3. Biodiversity and phylogenetic analysis of the gut microbiome ofEuphausia superba Dana from the Rose Sea of the Antarctic Ocean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUAN Lidong; LI Lingzhi; TIAN Xiaoqing; TANG Yingying; FAN Chengqi; HUANG Hongliang; YANG Qiao

    2016-01-01

    Metabolites derived from marine symbiotic microorganisms have great potential as lead compounds for the discovery of novel marine drugs.Euphausia superba Dana, which lives in the Antarctic Ocean, is regarded as a new source of marine microbial natural products. However, no studies have examined the biodiversity of the symbiotic intestinal microbiome ofE. superba. To address this issue, the species diversity and abundance of the gut microbiome ofE. superba Dana from the Rose Sea of the Antarctic Ocean were analyzed by culture-independent high-throughput sequencing and pure culture methods. A comparison with gene databases revealed that the microbiome contained 61 known microbial species and a plethora of uncultivable microorganisms. Additionally, 7% of the species in the microbiome were currently unknown. The microbes belonged to 56 genera, eight of which, includingArthrobacter,Bacillus,Candidatus,Lactococcus,Lysinibacillus,Leuconostoc,Solibacillus, andVibrio, were dominant, as wereVibrionaceae spp. Moreover, 81 microbial strains were isolated by the pure culture method, and they belonged to 36 genera, includingMobilicoccus,Rhodococcus,Arthrobacter, andMicrobacterium. The results obtained by two different methods demonstrate the richness of the microbial biodiversity of the gut microbiome ofE. superba, and it also suggests that they have good potential for the discovery of novel marine microbial species.

  4. Effect of alternative mediums on production and proximate composition of the microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri as food in culture of the copepod Acartia sp. Efecto de medios alternativos sobre la producción y composición proximal de la microalga Chaetoceros muelleri como alimento en cultivo del copépodo Acartia sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis R Martínez-Córdova

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri was cultured in three different mediums consisting on an agricultural fertilizer (Agr-F, aquacultural fertilizer (Aq-F and a conventional medium (F/2, control. These microalgae were later used as natural food to culture the copepod Acartia sp. The productive response and chemical proximate composition of microalgae and copepods were monitored. Growth rate and final cell concentration were higher in microalgae cultured in Agr-F compared to the control. In addition, the final biomass and cellular concentration were also the highest in Agr-F. Microalgae from Agr-F and Aq-F had higher carbohydrate and lower protein contents than those in the control. No differences in lipid and ash contents were observed. Regarding copepod production, higher densities and fecundity indexes were observed for those fed with microalgae previously cultured in Agr-F and Aq-F, compared to the control. The adult-nauplii ratio was also higher in copepods fed on microalgae from Agr-F compared to Aq-F and control. Copepods fed on Agr-F and Aq-F microalgae, had higher protein content compared to those fed on control microalgae; carbohydrates were higher in copepods fed on Agr-F as compared to Aq-F microalgae. No differences in lipid and ash contents were registered. Agr-F and Aq-F were adequate alternative mediums to produce C. muelleri, which produced higher quality microalgae that increased the copepod production.La microalga Chaetoceros muelleri fue cultivada en tres medios diferentes basados en un fertilizante agrícola (Agr-F, un fertilizante acuícola (Aq-F y un medio convencional (F/2, control. Éstas microalgas fueron posteriormente utilizadas como alimento natural para cultivar el copépodo Acartia sp. La respuesta productiva y la composición proximal de las microalgas y copépodos fueron monitoreadas. La tasa de crecimiento y concentración final de células fueron mayores en la microalga cultivada en Agr-F, comparada con el control

  5. Growth of the peritrich epibiont Zoothamnium intermedium Precht, 1935 (Ciliophora, Peritrichia estimated from laboratory experiments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LRP. Utz

    Full Text Available Peritrich ciliates are commonly found colonizing living substrates. Although this a well known phenomenon, biological aspects of this relationship need to be studied in more detail. Assessment of growth rates in peritrichs has been the subject of very few studies. Only species in the genera Carchesium Ehrenberg, 1830 and Vorticella Linnaeus, 1767 had their growth rates evaluated in the field and in the laboratory. In the present study, growth, colonization (colonies/host, and proliferation (zooids/colony rates of the peritrich epibiont Zoothamnium intermedium Precht, 1935 attached to the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana 1848 were evaluated in the laboratory in two food regimes: bacteria only, and algal based diet. Results showed that growth, colonization, and proliferation rates were similar for both diets. Maximum growth rates obtained for Z. intermedium was 0.85 and 0.83 per day, for bacteria and algae respectively. Maximum colonization rates were 0.5 per day for both diets, and the maximum proliferation rates were 0.44 and 0.42 per day for bacteria and algae respectively. These results demonstrate that Z. intermedium is able to grow at the same rate of other peritrichs on bacterial and algal based diets.

  6. Growth of the peritrich epibiont Zoothamnium intermedium Precht, 1935 (Ciliophora, Peritrichia) estimated from laboratory experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utz, L R P

    2008-05-01

    Peritrich ciliates are commonly found colonizing living substrates. Although this a well known phenomenon, biological aspects of this relationship need to be studied in more detail. Assessment of growth rates in peritrichs has been the subject of very few studies. Only species in the genera Carchesium Ehrenberg, 1830 and Vorticella Linnaeus, 1767 had their growth rates evaluated in the field and in the laboratory. In the present study, growth, colonization (colonies/host), and proliferation (zooids/colony) rates of the peritrich epibiont Zoothamnium intermedium Precht, 1935 attached to the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana 1848 were evaluated in the laboratory in two food regimes: bacteria only, and algal based diet. Results showed that growth, colonization, and proliferation rates were similar for both diets. Maximum growth rates obtained for Z. intermedium was 0.85 and 0.83 per day, for bacteria and algae respectively. Maximum colonization rates were 0.5 per day for both diets, and the maximum proliferation rates were 0.44 and 0.42 per day for bacteria and algae respectively. These results demonstrate that Z. intermedium is able to grow at the same rate of other peritrichs on bacterial and algal based diets.

  7. Redescription of Oulactis concinnata (Drayton in Dana, 1846) (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniidae), an actiniid sea anemone from Chile and Perú with special fighting tentacles; with a preliminary revision of the genera with a “frond-like” marginal ruff

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Häussermann, V.

    2003-01-01

    Two species of sea anemones with a conspicuous marginal ruff of frond-like structures encompassing the tentacular crown occur on the Chilean coast. Oulactis concinnata (= Isoulactis chilensis) (Drayton in Dana, 1846) is re-described in detail and further information is provided for Oulactis coliumen

  8. Variação temporal do zooplâncton da Praia de Tramandaí, Rio Grande do Sul, com ênfase em Copepoda Temporal variation of the zooplankton from Tramandaí Beach, RS, southern Brazil, with emphasis on Copepoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana R. Avila

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de conhecer a variação temporal da composição, abundância, diversidade e biomassa do zooplâncton da zona de arrebentação da Praia de Tramandaí, Rio Grande do Sul, amostragens quinzenais foram realizadas entre agosto de 2005 e agosto de 2006. Os arrastos foram efetuados com rede cilindro-cônica com 150 cm de comprimento, 50 cm de diâmetro de boca e malha de 300 µm. Dados de clorofila-a, direção do vento, corrente de deriva litorânea, salinidade, temperatura do ar e da água também foram obtidos. O grupo dos Copepoda foi responsável pela maior diversidade de espécies, sendo que Temora turbinata (Dana, 1849 apresentou maior abundância relativa e freqüência de ocorrência. Outras espécies de Copepoda também foram importantes numericamente como Acartia tonsa (Dana, 1849, Subeucalanus pileatus (Glesbrecht, 1888 e Ctenocalanus vanus (Glesbrecht, 1888. O Mysidacea Metamysidopsis elongata atlantica (Bascescu, 1968 apresentou freqüência de 58,33% e abundância relativa de 44%, sendo o pico de biomassa de mesozooplâncton (96 mg.m-3 registrado em setembro de 2005 correspondente ao máximo valor de densidade apresentado pela espécie (3.535 org.m-3. Informações sobre o zooplâncton desta região são muito escassos e os dados levantados servirão de base para o conhecimento dos processos biológicos que ocorrem na coluna d'água da Praia de Tramandaí.The temporal variability of density, species composition, biomass and diversity of the surf zone zooplankton from Tramandaí Beach, RS, Brazil, was studied between August 2005 and August 2006. Samples were taken forthnightly using a zooplankton net of 150 cm total length, 50 cm mouth diameter and 300 μm nylon mesh size. Data on clorofila-a, wind direction, longshore current, salinity, air and water temperature were taken as well. Copepoda presented the highest species diversity, being Temora turbinata (Dana, 1849 the species with higher relative abundance and

  9. Survival of Mexican Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia under Treatment with the Protocol from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute 00-01

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elva Jiménez-Hernández

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Our aim in this paper is to describe the results of treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL in Mexican children treated from 2006 to 2010 under the protocol from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI 00-01. The children were younger than 16 years of age and had a diagnosis of ALL de novo. The patients were classified as standard risk if they were 1–9.9 years old and had a leucocyte count 100 × 109/L. The poor outcomes were associated with toxic death during induction, complete remission, and relapse. These factors remain the main obstacles to the success of this treatment in our population.

  10. COLONIZAÇÃO OU DIÁSPORAS? RESENHA C.-G. SCHWENTZEL (org., M. DANA, St.LEBRETON, Fr.PRÊTEUX, Les diásporas grecques VIII-III s. Paris, Atlande, 2012, 446 páginas, 25 euros. (Dossiê: O Mundo Antigo: Literatura e Historiografia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Dabdab Trabulsi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available C.-G. SCHWENTZEL (org., M. DANA, St.LEBRETON, Fr.PRÊTEUX, Les diásporas grecques VIII-III s. Paris, Atlande, 2012, 446 páginas, 25 euros.C.-G. SCHWENTZEL (org., M. DANA, St.LEBRETON, Fr.PRÊTEUX, Les diásporas grecques VIII-III s. Paris, Atlande, 2012, 446 páginas, 25 euros. Recebido em: 02/04/2015  – Aceito em 13/05/2015

  11. ANALISIS PENYALURAN DANA BANK SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siswati

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the characteristics of Third Party Funds (TPF, Non-Performing Financing (NPF, Bank Indonesia Certificates Wadiah (SWBI, and funds Islamic Bank Mega Indonesia. Moreover to analyze the influence of DPK, NPF, and the bonus SWBI simultaneously or partially on the distribution of funds provided by the Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. The sample in this study is the monthly financial report of Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia in 2005-2007. The results of this research showed that DPK, NPF, and Bonus SWBI simultaneous effect on the distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 99.2% and the remaining 0.8% influenced by other factors that are not revealed in this study. DPK is partially positive and significant effect on the distribution of funds Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 98.65%, while the NPF and Bonus SWBI insignificant effect on the partial distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia.

  12. Host-specific and pH-dependent microbiomes of copepods in an extensive rearing system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovgaard, Alf; Castro Mejia, Josue Leonardo; Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg;

    2015-01-01

    gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis, a clear difference was found between the microbiomes of the two copepod species, Acartia tonsa and Centropages hamatus, present in the system. This pattern was corroborated through 454/FLX-based 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of copepod microbiomes, which...... furthermore showed that the abiotic parameters pH and oxygen concentration in rearing tank water were the key factors influencing composition of copepod microbiomes....

  13. The ability of the branchiopod, Artemia salina, to graze upon harmful algal blooms caused by Alexandrium fundyense, Aureococcus anophagefferens, and Cochlodinium polykrikoides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcoval, M. Alejandra; Pan, Jerónimo; Tang, Yingzhong; Gobler, Christopher J.

    2013-10-01

    We present experiments that examined the grazing and survivorship of zooplankton native (Acartia tonsa) and non-native (Artemia salina) to NY (USA) estuaries when exposed to blooms and cultures of the three harmful algae native to NY, Alexandrium fundyense, Aureococcus anophagefferens (strains CCMP 1850 and CCMP 1984) and Cochlodinium polykrikoides. During experiments with cultures of A. anophagefferens, clearance rates (CR) of A. salina were significantly greater than those of A. tonsa for both algal strains examined. A. salina fed on cultures of C. polykrikoides at higher rates than all phytoplankton species examined, including the control diet (Rhodomonas salina), and faster than rates of A. tonsa fed C. polykrikoides. During experiments with A. fundyense, A. salina actively grazed all cell concentrations (250-1500 cells ml-1) while A. tonsa did not feed at any concentration. Percent mortality of A. salina and A. tonsa fed A. fundyense for 48 h were 43 ± 7.7% and 72 ± 7.8%, respectively, percentages significantly higher than those of individuals fed all other algal diets. During 25 field experiments using natural blooms of the three HAB species performed across six NY estuaries, A. salina significantly (p < 0.05) reduced cell densities of A. anophagefferens, C. polykrikoides, and A. fundyense relative to the control treatments in all but one experiment. The sum of these findings demonstrates that a failure to graze these HABs by the indigenous copepod, A. tonsa, may permit blooms to occur. In addition, the ability of A. salina to graze these HABs at densities that were inhibitory to A. tonsa suggests that A. salina could, in some circumstances, be considered as a part of mitigation strategy for these events.

  14. Aplicación de Prácticas de Manufactura Esbelta y Tecnología de Simulación Dentro del Proceso de Administración del Ciclo de Vida del Producto Caso de Estudio: Dana Heavy Axle México

    OpenAIRE

    de la Cerda Ramos, Sara C.

    2004-01-01

    El propósito de este proyecto de Tesis es poner en práctica conceptos y principios de la Manufactura Esbelta aplicados a un proyecto de Administración del Ciclo de Vida de Producto, utilizando una mejor práctica que es la simulación, todo esto aterrizado a un caso de estudio en la empresa Dana Heavy Axle México, específicamente en la planta Monterrey. Como objetivo es analizar una línea de producción y definir los cambios apropiados para aumentar la capacidad de producción usando DELMIA (Módu...

  15. DANAE: simulador de propiedades fisicoquímicas como una combinación entre la racionalización más pura y profunda y la medición experimental más tactual y empirica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Bogoya Maldonado

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este articulo pretende ilustrar una combinación entre la razón y la experiencia para estimar propiedades fisicoquímicas, útiles para el cálculo de balances de materia y energia, de uso frecuente en ingenleria quimica. Igualmente, presenta el sistema DANAE, desarrollado para calcular interactivamente por microcomputador seis propiedades de compuestos puros y cinco de mezclas (hasta de quince componentes, basado en un banco de datos (de tamaño 250 KB Y dos programas principales (de tamaño 80 KB.

  16. Comparison of three marine screening tests and four Oslo and Paris Commission procedures to evaluate toxicity of offshore chemicals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weideborg, M.; Vik, E.A.; Oefjord, G.D.; Kjoennoe, O. [Aquateam-Norwegian Water Technology Centre A/S, Oslo (Norway)

    1997-02-01

    The results from the screening toxicity tests Artemia salina, Microtox{reg_sign}, and Mitochondria RET test were compared with those obtained from OSPAR (Oslo and Paris Commissions)-authorized procedures for testing of offshore chemicals (Skeletonema costatum, Acartia tonsa, Abra alba, and Corophium volutator). In this study 82 test substances (26 non-water soluble) were included. The Microtox test was found to be the most sensitive of the three screening tests. Microtox and Mitochondria RET test results showed good correlation with results from Acartia and Skeletonema testing, and it was concluded that the Microtox test was a suitable screening test as a base for assessment of further testing, especially regarding water-soluble chemicals. Sensitivity of Artemia salina to the tested chemicals was too low for it to be an appropriate bioassay organism for screening testing. A very good correlation was found between the results obtained with the Skeletonema and Acartia tests. The results indicated no need for more than one of the Skeletonema or Acartia tests if the Skeletonema median effective concentration or Acartia median lethal concentration was greater than 200 mg/L. The sediment-reworker tests (A. Alba or C. volutator) for chemicals that are likely to end up in the sediments (non-water soluble or surfactants) should be performed, independent of results from screening tests and other OSPAR species.

  17. Hydrodynamics and energetics of jumping copepod nauplii and copepodids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadhwa, Navish; Andersen, Anders Peter; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    , we measured the swimming kinematics and fluid flow around jumping Acartia tonsa at different stages of its life cycle, using particle image velocimetry and particle tracking velocimetry. We found that the flow structures around nauplii and copepodids are topologically different, with one and two...... vortex rings, respectively. Our measurements suggest that copepodids cover a larger distance compared to their body size in each jump and are also hydrodynamically quieter, as the flow disturbance they create attenuates faster with distance. Also, copepodids are energetically more efficient than nauplii...

  18. Estudio anual del zooplancton: composición, abundancia, biomasa e hidrología del norte de Quintana Roo, mar Caribe de México Annual study of zooplankton: composition, abundance, biomass and hydrology from the north of Quintana Roo, Mexican Caribbean Sea

    OpenAIRE

    José N Álvarez-Cadena; Uriel Ordóñez-López; David Valdés-Lozano; Alma Rosa Almaral-Mendívil; Amira Uicab-Sabido

    2007-01-01

    Se llevaron a cabo muestreos de zooplancton en la zona lagunar y costera del Caribe mexicano, desde Puerto Morelos hasta Cancún. Las recolectas se llevaron a cabo de enero a diciembre de 2004 en 12 localidades. Se identificaron 41 grupos del zooplancton donde los copépodos fueron los más abundantes (61%) seguidos de las larvas de equinodermos (17%) y decápodos (5%). El copépodo Acartia tonsa fue la especie más abundante de este grupo en el Sistema Lagunar Nichupté (SLN). En la zona marina ady...

  19. Estudio anual del zooplancton: composición, abundancia, biomasa e hidrología del norte de Quintana Roo, mar Caribe de México

    OpenAIRE

    José N. Álvarez Cadena; Uriel Ordóñez López; David Valdés Lozano; Alma Rosa Almaral Mendívil; Amira Uicab Sabido

    2007-01-01

    Se llevaron a cabo muestreos de zooplancton en la zona lagunar y costera del Caribe mexicano, desde Puerto Morelos hasta Cancún. Las recolectas se llevaron a cabo de enero a diciembre de 2004 en 12 localidades. Se identifi caron 41 grupos del zooplancton donde los copépodos fueron los más abundantes (61%) seguidos de las larvas de equinodermos (17%) y decápodos (5%). El copépodo Acartia tonsa fue la especie más abundante de este grupo en el Sistema Lagunar Nichupté (SLN). En la zona marina ad...

  20. Fight and flight in dinoflagellates?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Selander, Erik; Fagerberg, Tony; Wohlrab, Sylke;

    2012-01-01

    We monitored the kinetics of grazer-induced responses in the marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense. Chemical cues from each of three calanoid copepods (Calanus sp., Centropages typicus, and Acartia tonsa) induced increased toxicity and suppressed chain formation in A. tamarense. Both chemical...... divisions, and average biovolume returned to control levels within 1 to 4 d (one to two cell divisions). This suggests that dinoflagellates simultaneously reduce grazer encounter rates and increase chemical defense levels in the presence of copepod grazers. Media replacement experiments showed...

  1. Fatwa tentang Pembiayaan Pengurusan Dana Haji dan Status Dana Calon Haji Daftar Tunggu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaih Mubarok

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available There are different fatwa between DSN-MUI and council Hisbah Persis relating to financing Hajj arrangements and the status of waiting list Hajj candidates. However, in substance, the DSN MUI fatwa and is not in contradiction with the Council Hisbah Persis because both fatwas forbid bailout that ta'alluq between qardh with ujrah. To reach istitha'ah fi ada' al-hajj, a person is prohibited to invade other parties that is istitha'ah, MUI fatwa requires that recipients must pay off the fund before the hajj realized. BPIH funds is belong to depositors and is placed at Islamic banks in form of saving or deposit belonging to depositor.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v5i1.2107

  2. Efektivitas Pengaruh Besaran Biaya Promosi Dalam Penghimpunan Dana Pihak Ketiga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puji Lestari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Effectiveness The Promotion Cost in Fundrasing the Third Party FundsPromotion is one important variable in marketing mix to promote the services. The promotion activities is not just as the communication tools between company and consumers, but also as the tools to influence the purchase behavior from the consumer to but the services that offered by the company. This things has done by the promotion tools. DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v1i2.2461

  3. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Functional Annotation of Cancer Genomes Principal Investigator: William C. Hahn, M.D., Ph.D. The comprehensive characterization of cancer genomes has and will continue to provide an increasingly complete catalog of genetic alterations in specific cancers. However, most epithelial cancers harbor hundreds of genetic alterations as a consequence of genomic instability. Therefore, the functional consequences of the majority of mutations remain unclear.

  4. Transitioning the Defense Automated Neurobehavioral Assessment (DANA) to Operational Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    since all service mem- bers were fit for duty, not undergoing any disability evaluation, and thus assumed to be healthy. The purpose of assessing...bers were fit for duty, not undergoing any disability evaluation, and thus assumed to be healthy. The purpose of assessing service members across...System: Windows XP (service pack 2), Windows 7, or Mac OS X • RAM: 3GB • Storage: 200MB free • Processor: X86 (Intel or AMD ), 2GHz • Ports: 1

  5. Transitioning the Defense Automated Neurobehavioral Assessment (DANA) to Operational Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    foundation to explore the molecular mechanisms of acclimatization and its retention. Citation: Subudhi AW, Bourdillon N, Bucher J, Davis C, Elliott JE...acclimatiza- tion and its retention. These might include physiological responses that we did not measure, or molecular and cellular responses in a...the following people and organizations were key to our success: Marcelino Gonzales and Enrique Vargas, Instituto Biologia de Boliviano Human

  6. Estudio anual del zooplancton: composición, abundancia, biomasa e hidrología del norte de Quintana Roo, mar Caribe de México Annual study of zooplankton: composition, abundance, biomass and hydrology from the north of Quintana Roo, Mexican Caribbean Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José N Álvarez-Cadena

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Se llevaron a cabo muestreos de zooplancton en la zona lagunar y costera del Caribe mexicano, desde Puerto Morelos hasta Cancún. Las recolectas se llevaron a cabo de enero a diciembre de 2004 en 12 localidades. Se identificaron 41 grupos del zooplancton donde los copépodos fueron los más abundantes (61% seguidos de las larvas de equinodermos (17% y decápodos (5%. El copépodo Acartia tonsa fue la especie más abundante de este grupo en el Sistema Lagunar Nichupté (SLN. En la zona marina adyacente los copépodos estuvieron representados en orden de importancia por Acartia spinata, Pseudocalanus sp. y Calanopia americana. En todas las estaciones se capturaron equinodermos del tipo equinopluteus-ofiopluteus, pero con mayor abundancia en el SLN. El quetognato Ferosagitta hispida fue la única especie que se encontró en el SLN, donde fue más abundante. Los decápodos estuvieron representados principalmente por larvas zoeas; las larvas de peces por 54 familias, de las cuales los góbidos de los géneros Ctenogobius sp., Gobionellus sp. y Gobiosoma sp. fueron los mejor representados, particularmente para el SLN. La biomasa fue mayor en el SLN.Zooplankton sampling was carried out in the northern coast of the Mexican Caribbean Sea, from Puerto Morelos to Cancun. Captures were made with a conic net 0.4m diameter, 1.40m length and 0.330 mm mesh from January to December 2004 at twelve locations. A total of 41 zooplankton groups were identified. Copepods were the most abundant taxa making up 61%, followed by echinoderms (17% and decapods (5%. Acartia tonsa at the Nichupte Lagoon System (SLN over numbered the copepod fauna and occasionally the whole zooplankton population. Along the coast Acartia spinata, Pseudocalanus sp, and Calanopia americana were the most important copepods. Echinoderms larvae such as echinopluteus-ophiopluteus were present at all sampled stations but were more abundant at the NLS. For chaetognaths, Ferosagitta hispida dominated

  7. Influence of LAS on marine calanoid copepod population dynamics and potential reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoffersen, Kirsten; Hansen, Benni W; Johansson, Liselotte S; Krog, Elisabeth

    2003-05-29

    The toxicity of linear alkyl benzene sulfonate (LAS) to marine invertebrates is well documented under laboratory conditions using single-species tests. It is less known how LAS affects natural populations of aquatic organisms. We hypothesised that LAS was more toxic to the calanoid copepod Acartia sp. under natural conditions than Acartia tonsa under cultured conditions in the laboratory. This hypothesis was checked by a direct comparison of LAS toxicity in single-species and model (mesocosm) studies. The acute and sublethal effects of LAS on the survival and egg production of laboratory reared A. tonsa were examined by standard test, i.e. incubation with LAS without food for 24-72 h. The LC(50) and EC(50) values averaged 1.23 and 0.74 mg l(-1) for survival and egg production, respectively. These values are comparable to previous reports. The effects of LAS on a natural copepod community were also investigated under in situ conditions. A series of seven mesocosms (holding approx. 3 m(3) of seawater each) was established with two mesocosms being controls without LAS and five mesocosms with increasing concentrations of LAS ranging from 0.1 to 6.5 mg l(-1) applied as a single dose. The indigenous copepod community, dominated by Acartia sp. and Centropages sp., responded clearly to LAS concentrations above 0.1 mg l(-1). The calculated no effect value was 0.14 mg LAS l(-1) (95% CI=0.08-1.82 mg LAS l(-1)) for the entire copepod community including all development stages after 24 h exposure. The increased sensitivity under in situ conditions was probably promoted by the suboptimal growth conditions, e.g. no saturated food concentration or inadequate nutritive values of the food. The amount of food expressed as chlorophyll concentration was low (around 2 microg chl. a l(-1)) but was not affected by LAS. It appeared that the naupliar stages of Acartia and Centropages were the least affected by LAS and that new cohorts were able to develop 15 days after the dosing with LAS.

  8. Biological processes in the North Sea: vertical distribution and reproduction of neritic copepods in relation to environmental factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koski, Marja; Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Bagøien, Espen

    2011-01-01

    observed a higher egg production of cultured Acartia tonsa when fed with the seston from chlorophyll maximum, but no evidence of a higher copepod abundance in this layer. Secondary production was highest at the station closest to the upwelling of new nutrients, although seasonal differences...... for reproduction compared with surface waters and (iii) if the secondary production is thus higher in the frontal areas with a subsurface chlorophyll maximum. In addition, we wanted to (iv) identify the most important environmental factors determining the reproduction of neritic copepods in the North Sea. We...... in environmental variables probably overrode the differences between frontal and stratified stations. Copepod egg production on an annual basis seemed to be best predicted by the body size and specific fatty acids, with a high egg production, but low hatching success associated with a high EPA:DHA ratio. Total...

  9. Motility of copepod nauplii and implications for food encounter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Titelman, Josefin; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    of tracks, speeds, durations and frequencies of events as well as time budgets. Motility mode often changes drastically during naupliar ontogeny. Crudely, nauplii can be divided into those moving with a jump-sink type of motility of various frequencies (1 min(-1) to 3 s(-1)) and those swimming...... with a smoother glide of varying continuity. We apply observed time budgets and behavior-specific speeds in simple models to examine mechanisms of food encounter. The motility of all nauplii may account for clearance rates reported in the literature, but through different mechanisms. Smoothly swimming nauphi...... cyclopoids is sufficient to prevent prey diffusion from reaching steady state rates, which are too low to account for observed clearance rates reported in the literature. Frequent jumpers (e.g. Acartia tonsa) jump at a frequency close to the optimum required to maximize the use of prey motility and to avoid...

  10. Zooplankton Hydrodynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wadhwa, Navish

    Zooplankton are hugely abundant organisms found in all aquatic environments and form an important part of the marine ecosystems. Most zooplankton swim in order to find food and mates, and to avoid predators. In spite of its advantages, swimming comes with trade-offs, it costs energy and creates...... flow disturbances that may attract predators. The first part of this thesis attempts to quantify the trade-offs associated with the swimming behaviour of diverse zooplankton. We measured the swimming kinematics and flow fields around the 'jumping' copepod Acartia tonsa at various stages of its life...... then measured flows around a wide range of zooplankton which use a variety of swimming modes such as hovering, cruising, jumping, and breast stroke swimming. We found that the spatial decay rate of the flow velocity is dictated by the swimming mode. The modes used for swimming only, such as jumping and breast...

  11. Chemical comparison and acute toxicity of water accommodated fraction (WAF) of source and field collected Macondo oils from the Deepwater Horizon spill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faksness, Liv-Guri; Altin, Dag; Nordtug, Trond; Daling, Per S; Hansen, Bjørn Henrik

    2015-02-15

    Two Source oils and five field collected oil residues from the Deepwater Horizon incident were chemically characterized. Water accommodated fractions (WAFs) of the Source oils and two of the field-weathered oils were prepared to evaluate the impact of natural weathering on the chemical composition and the acute toxicity of the WAFs. Toxicity test species representing different tropic levels were used (the primary producer Skeletonema costatum (algae) and the herbivorous copepod Acartia tonsa). The results suggest that the potential for acute toxicity is higher in WAFs from non-weathered oils than WAFs from the field weathered oils. The Source oils contained a large fraction of soluble and bioavailable components (such as BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, xylenes) and naphthalene), whereas in the surface collected oils these components were depleted by dissolution into the water column as the oil rose to the surface and by evaporative loss after reaching the sea surface.

  12. Nutritional quality of two cyanobacteria : How rich is 'poor' food?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, K.; Jonasdottir, Sigrun

    1997-01-01

    Cyanobacteria have often been described to be nutritionally inadequate and to interfere with zooplankton feeding. In laboratory experiments we offered 2 cyanobacteria, a unicellular Microcystis aeruginosa strain and the filamentous Nodularia sprumigena, to the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa...... as the sole diet and in food mixtures with the nutritious diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii. Egg production was used as criterion of food quality. The use of cyanobacteria alone was an insufficient diet. However, with increasing additions of M. aeruginosa and N. spumigena to the diatom, different effects were...... observed. Large additions of cyanobacteria resulted in lower egg production and often in elevated mortality of the females, but small additions of M. aeruginosa caused an increase of about 25 % in egg production compared to a pure diatom diet. The influence of similar low concentrations of N. spumigena...

  13. Dannelse af toksiske forbindelser ved termisk forbrænding af lugtende luftstrømme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jens Peter; Bossi, Rossana; Pritzl, Gunnar;

    2003-01-01

    The present report describes the results from an investigation undertaken by DMU and Aalborg University about toxicity produced during the incineration of the smoke from the factory Trible Nine Fish Protein (Esbjerg, Denmark). Previous investigations had found that the washing water was highly...... toxic for certain organisms. In the present project DMU has undertaken chemical screening(GC-MS and LC-MS) of the washing water from the production plant(800° C)and from the pilot plant run at different temperatures (800-1000°C). At the same time Aalborg University has undertaken toxicological screening...... on Acartia tonsa and Sceletonema costatum and measurements of the inhibition of the nitrification for microorganisms present in sewage sludge. The chemical screenings did not spot a single compound or a group of compounds which could be the cause of the observed toxicity. On the other hand, the toxicological...

  14. Towards an internationally harmonized test method for reproductive and developmental effects of endocrine disrupters in marine copepods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kusk, Kresten Ole; Wollenberger, Leah

    2007-01-01

    New and updated methods to detect and characterize endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are urgently needed for the purpose of environmental risk assessment since these substances are often not detected using existing chronic toxicity tests. Numerous reports on the effects of EDCs on crustacean...... development and reproduction have been published and the development of life-cycle tests with crustaceans has been prioritized within the OECD work program for endocrine disrupter testing and assessment. As a result, Sweden, and Denmark initiated a proposal for development of a full life-cycle test...... with marine copepods (Acartia tonsa, Nitocra spinipes, Tisbe battagliai, and Amphiascus tenuiremis). The present paper gives an overview on the endocrine system of crustaceans with special emphasis on development and reproduction, which are targets for endocrine disruption, and reviews available methods...

  15. Development of copepod nauplii to copepodites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Henrik Rasmus; Wollenberger, Leah; Halling-Sørensen, Bent;

    2001-01-01

    of the 17 test compounds had 50% lethal concentration to 50% effective concentration (EC50) ratios higher than 10. The results suggest that naupliar development, as a parameter, is able to detect hormonal disrupters in addition to other chemicals that have other specific modes of action.......Test compounds including natural hormones, endocrine disrupters, environmentally occurring compounds, and reference compounds were tested for acute toxicity and inhibitory effect on larval development in the copepod Acartia tonsa. Three compounds, 17a-ethinylestradiol, p-octylphenol, and tamoxifen......, known for their differing effects on the vertebrate estrogen system, were potent inhibitors of naupliar development. Other estrogens, 17b-estradiol, estrone, and bisphenol A, had little potency. Testosterone and progesterone did not inhibit development, but the antiandrogen flutamide had inhibitory...

  16. Feeding on copepod fecal pellets: a new trophic role of dinoflagellates as detritivores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Louise K.; Moldrup, M.; Berge, T.;

    2011-01-01

    Recent field studies indicate that dinoflagellates are key degraders of copepod fecal pellets. This study is the first to publish direct evidence of pellet grazing by dinoflagellates. Feeding and growth on copepod fecal pellets were studied for both heterotrophic (4 species) and mixotrophic...... dinoflagellates (3 species) using a combination of classic incubation experiments and video recordings of feeding behavior. Fecal pellets were produced by adult Acartia tonsa feeding on Rhodomonas salina. Two mixotrophic species (Karlodinium armiger, a gymnodinoid dinoflagellate, Gy1) and all heterotrophic...... dinoflagellates (Gyrodinium dominans, Gyrodinium spirale, Diplopsalis lenticula, Protoperidinium depressum) studied fed on fecal pellets. Using natural concentrations of dinoflagellates and copepod fecal pellets, average ingestion rates of 0.2 and 0.1 pellets cell−1 d−1 and clearance rates of between 0.2 and 0...

  17. Decadal changes in zooplankton abundance and phenology of Long Island Sound reflect interacting changes in temperature and community composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Edward; Stewart, Gillian

    2016-09-01

    Between 1939 and 1982, several surveys indicated that zooplankton in Long Island Sound, NY (LIS) appeared to follow an annual cycle typical of the Mid-Atlantic coast of North America. Abundance peaked in both early spring and late summer and the peaks were similar in magnitude. In recent decades, this cycle appeared to have shifted. Only one large peak tended to occur, and summer copepod abundance was consistently reduced by ∼60% from 1939 to 1982 levels. In other Mid-Atlantic coastal systems such a dramatic shift has been attributed to the earlier appearance of ctenophores, particularly Mnemiopsis leidyi, during warmer spring months. However, over a decade of surveys in LIS have consistently found near-zero values in M. leidyi biomass during spring months. Our multiple linear regression model indicates that summer M. leidyi biomass during this decade explains variation in summer copepod abundance. During these recent, warmer years, summer copepod community shifts appear to explain the loss of copepod abundance. Although Acartia tonsa in 2010-2011 appeared to be present all year long, it was no longer the dominant summer zooplankton species. Warmer summers have been associated with an increase in cyanobacteria and flagellates, which are not consumed efficiently by A. tonsa. This suggests that in warming coastal systems multiple environmental and biological factors interact and likely underlie dramatic alterations to copepod phenology, not single causes.

  18. Effect of advection on variations in zooplankton at a single location near Cabo Nazca, Peru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, S L; Brink, K H; Santander, H; Cowles, T J; Huyer, A

    1980-04-01

    Temporal variations in the biomass and species composition of zooplankton at a single midshelf station in an upwelling area off Peru can be explained to a large extent by onshore-offshore advection in the upper 20 m of the water column. During periods of strong or sustained near-surface onshore flow, peaks in biomass of zooplankton were observed at midshelf and typically oceanic species of copepod were collected. In periods of offshore flow at the surface, a copepod capable of migrating into oxygen-depleted layers deeper than 30 m was collected. A simple translocation model of advection applied to the cross-shelf distribution of Paracalanus parvus suggests that the fluctuations in P. pavus observed in the midshelf time-series were closely related to onshore-offshore flow in the upper 20 m. Fluctuations in abundance of the numerically dominant copepod, Acartia tonsa, were apparently affected by near surface flow also. The population age-structure suggests that A. tonsa was growing at maximal rates, due in part to its positive feeding response to the dinoflagellate/diatom assemblage of phytoplankton.

  19. Algal toxins alter copepod feeding behavior.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiarong Hong

    Full Text Available Using digital holographic cinematography, we quantify and compare the feeding behavior of free-swimming copepods, Acartia tonsa, on nutritional prey (Storeatula major to that occurring during exposure to toxic and non-toxic strains of Karenia brevis and Karlodinium veneficum. These two harmful algal species produce polyketide toxins with different modes of action and potency. We distinguish between two different beating modes of the copepod's feeding appendages-a "sampling beating" that has short durations (<100 ms and involves little fluid entrainment and a longer duration "grazing beating" that persists up to 1200 ms and generates feeding currents. The durations of both beating modes have log-normal distributions. Without prey, A. tonsa only samples the environment at low frequency. Upon introduction of non-toxic food, it increases its sampling time moderately and the grazing period substantially. On mono algal diets for either of the toxic dinoflagellates, sampling time fraction is high but the grazing is very limited. A. tonsa demonstrates aversion to both toxic algal species. In mixtures of S. major and the neurotoxin producing K. brevis, sampling and grazing diminish rapidly, presumably due to neurological effects of consuming brevetoxins while trying to feed on S. major. In contrast, on mixtures of cytotoxin producing K. veneficum, both behavioral modes persist, indicating that intake of karlotoxins does not immediately inhibit the copepod's grazing behavior. These findings add critical insight into how these algal toxins may influence the copepod's feeding behavior, and suggest how some harmful algal species may alter top-down control exerted by grazers like copepods.

  20. Interactions between zooplankton and crude oil: toxic effects and bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Almeda

    Full Text Available We conducted ship-, shore- and laboratory-based crude oil exposure experiments to investigate (1 the effects of crude oil (Louisiana light sweet oil on survival and bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs in mesozooplankton communities, (2 the lethal effects of dispersant (Corexit 9500A and dispersant-treated oil on mesozooplankton, (3 the influence of UVB radiation/sunlight exposure on the toxicity of dispersed crude oil to mesozooplankton, and (4 the role of marine protozoans on the sublethal effects of crude oil and in the bioaccumulation of PAHs in the copepod Acartia tonsa. Mortality of mesozooplankton increased with increasing oil concentration following a sigmoid model with a median lethal concentration of 32.4 µl L(-1 in 16 h. At the ratio of dispersant to oil commonly used in the treatment of oil spills (i.e. 1∶20, dispersant (0.25 µl L(-1 and dispersant-treated oil were 2.3 and 3.4 times more toxic, respectively, than crude oil alone (5 µl L(-1 to mesozooplankton. UVB radiation increased the lethal effects of dispersed crude oil in mesozooplankton communities by 35%. We observed selective bioaccumulation of five PAHs, fluoranthene, phenanthrene, pyrene, chrysene and benzo[b]fluoranthene in both mesozooplankton communities and in the copepod A. tonsa. The presence of the protozoan Oxyrrhis marina reduced sublethal effects of oil on A. tonsa and was related to lower accumulations of PAHs in tissues and fecal pellets, suggesting that protozoa may be important in mitigating the harmful effects of crude oil exposure in copepods and the transfer of PAHs to higher trophic levels. Overall, our results indicate that the negative impact of oil spills on mesozooplankton may be increased by the use of chemical dispersant and UV radiation, but attenuated by crude oil-microbial food webs interactions, and that both mesozooplankton and protozoans may play an important role in fate of PAHs in marine environments.

  1. Grazers and phytoplankton growth in the oceans: an experimental and evolutionary perspective.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Ratti

    Full Text Available The taxonomic composition of phytoplankton responsible for primary production on continental shelves has changed episodically through Earth history. Geological correlations suggest that major changes in phytoplankton composition correspond in time to changes in grazing and seawater chemistry. Testing hypotheses that arise from these correlations requires experimentation, and so we carried out a series of experiments in which selected phytoplankton species were grown in treatments that differed with respect to the presence or absence of grazers as well as seawater chemistry. Both protistan (Euplotes sp. and microarthropod (Acartia tonsa grazers changed the growth dynamics and biochemical composition of the green alga Tetraselmis suecica, the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii, and the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp., increasing the specific growth rate and palatability of the eukaryotic algae, while decreasing or leaving unchanged both parameters in the cyanobacteria. Synechococcus (especially and Thalassiosira produced toxins effective against the copepod, but ciliate growth was unaffected. Acartia induced a 4-6 fold increase of Si cell quota in the diatom, but Euplotes had no similar effect. The differential growth responses of the eukaryotic algae and cyanobacteria to ciliate grazing may help to explain the apparently coeval radiation of eukaryophagic protists and rise of eukaryotes to ecological prominence as primary producers in Neoproterozoic oceans. The experimental results suggest that phytoplankton responses to the later radiation of microarthropod grazers were clade-specific, and included changes in growth dynamics, toxin synthesis, encystment, and (in diatoms enhanced Si uptake.

  2. Bloom-forming cyanobacteria support copepod reproduction and development in the Baltic Sea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogfors, Hedvig; Motwani, Nisha H; Hajdu, Susanna; El-Shehawy, Rehab; Holmborn, Towe; Vehmaa, Anu; Engström-Öst, Jonna; Brutemark, Andreas; Gorokhova, Elena

    2014-01-01

    It is commonly accepted that summer cyanobacterial blooms cannot be efficiently utilized by grazers due to low nutritional quality and production of toxins; however the evidence for such effects in situ is often contradictory. Using field and experimental observations on Baltic copepods and bloom-forming diazotrophic filamentous cyanobacteria, we show that cyanobacteria may in fact support zooplankton production during summer. To highlight this side of zooplankton-cyanobacteria interactions, we conducted: (1) a field survey investigating linkages between cyanobacteria, reproduction and growth indices in the copepod Acartia tonsa; (2) an experiment testing relationships between ingestion of the cyanobacterium Nodularia spumigena (measured by molecular diet analysis) and organismal responses (oxidative balance, reproduction and development) in the copepod A. bifilosa; and (3) an analysis of long term (1999-2009) data testing relationships between cyanobacteria and growth indices in nauplii of the copepods, Acartia spp. and Eurytemora affinis, in a coastal area of the northern Baltic proper. In the field survey, N. spumigena had positive effects on copepod egg production and egg viability, effectively increasing their viable egg production. By contrast, Aphanizomenon sp. showed a negative relationship with egg viability yet no significant effect on the viable egg production. In the experiment, ingestion of N. spumigena mixed with green algae Brachiomonas submarina had significant positive effects on copepod oxidative balance, egg viability and development of early nauplial stages, whereas egg production was negatively affected. Finally, the long term data analysis identified cyanobacteria as a significant positive predictor for the nauplial growth in Acartia spp. and E. affinis. Taken together, these results suggest that bloom forming diazotrophic cyanobacteria contribute to feeding and reproduction of zooplankton during summer and create a favorable growth

  3. Mandible characteristics and allometric relations in copepods: a reliable method to estimate prey size and composition from mandible occurrence in predator guts Caracterización de mandíbulas y relación alométrica en copépodos: método adecuado para estimar tamaño y composición de presas usando mandíbulas encontradas en intestinos de depredadores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Giesecke

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The size and shape of the cutting edge of the mandibles from the five most abundant copepod species found in Mejillones Bay are described with the aim to create a helpful tool for the identification of copepod prey and their size from predator gut contents. Good allometric relationships were found between the carapace length and the mandible width for the species Paracalanus parvus, Centropages brachiatus and Acartia tonsa. By contrast, the cyclopoids Oithona sp. and Corycaeus sp. did not present a good relationship between these two parameters, presumably due to the presence of more than a species in the study area. Applying the edge index (Itoh 1970 the copepods were classified as herbivores (e.g., P. parvus, omnivores (e.g., C. brachiatus and A. tonsa, and carnivores (e.g., Oithona sp.. In general, there was a tight relationship between the morphometric characters of the mandible blade and the trophic ecology of each species. The good relationship between the mandible width and the carapace length of the calanoid species will permit the estimation of the size of an ingested copepod by a predator, within a certain degree of accuracy, by measuring the width of the mandibles found in gut contents. This relationship and the supplementary characterization of the mandible blade will help improve the knowledge of the feeding ecology of the mesozooplankton in northern ChileEl tamaño y forma del extremo cortante de la mandíbula de las cinco especies de copépodos más abundantes en la bahía de Mejillones fueron descritas con el propósito de crear una herramienta útil para la identificación de contenidos intestinales de depredadores de copépodos. Aparte de esto, se analizó la relación alométrica entre la longitud cefalotoráxica y el diámetro mandibular para las especies Paracalanus parvus, Centropages brachiatus Acartia tonsa, Oithona sp. y Corycaeus sp. A diferencia de las especies calanoídeas, las especies ciclopoídeas no presentaron

  4. Mesozooplankton grazing on picocyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea as inferred from molecular diet analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nisha H Motwani

    Full Text Available Our current knowledge on the microbial component of zooplankton diet is limited, and it is generally assumed that bacteria-sized prey is not directly consumed by most mesozooplankton grazers in the marine food webs. We questioned this assumption and conducted field and laboratory studies to examine picocyanobacteria contribution to the diets of Baltic Sea zooplankton, including copepods. First, qPCR targeting ITS-1 rDNA sequence of the picocyanobacteria Synechococcus spp. was used to examine picocyanobacterial DNA occurrence in the guts of Baltic zooplankton (copepods, cladocerans and rotifers. All field-collected zooplankton were found to consume picocyanobacteria in substantial quantities. In terms of Synechococcus quantity, the individual gut content was highest in cladocerans, whereas biomass-specific gut content was highest in rotifers and copepod nauplii. Moreover, the gut content in copepods was positively related to the picocyanobacteria abundance and negatively to the total phytoplankton abundance in the water column at the time of sampling. This indicates that increased availability of picocyanobacteria resulted in the increased intake of this prey and that copepods may rely more on picoplankton when food in the preferred size range declines. Second, a feeding experiments with a laboratory reared copepod Acartia tonsa fed a mixture of the picocyanobacterium Synechococcus bacillaris and microalga Rhodomonas salina confirmed that copepods ingested Synechococcus, even when the alternative food was plentiful. Finally, palatability of the picocyanobacteria for A. tonsa was demonstrated using uptake of (13C by the copepods as a proxy for carbon uptake in feeding experiment with (13C-labeled S. bacillaris. These findings suggest that, if abundant, picoplankton may become an important component of mesozooplankton diet, which needs to be accounted for in food web models and productivity assessments.

  5. Fitness consequences for copepods feeding on a red tide dinoflagellate: deciphering the effects of nutritional value, toxicity, and feeding behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prince, Emily K; Lettieri, Liliana; McCurdy, Katherine J; Kubanek, Julia

    2006-03-01

    Phytoplankton exhibit a diversity of morphologies, nutritional values, and potential chemical defenses that could affect the feeding and fitness of zooplankton consumers. However, how phytoplankton traits shape plant-herbivore interactions in the marine plankton is not as well understood as for terrestrial or marine macrophytes and their grazers. The occurrence of blooms of marine dinoflagellates such as Karenia brevis suggests that, for uncertain reasons, grazers are unable to capitalize on, or control, this phytoplankton growth-making these systems appealing for testing mechanisms of grazing deterrence. Using the sympatric copepod Acartia tonsa, we conducted a mixed diet feeding experiment to test whether K. brevis is beneficial, toxic, nutritionally inadequate, or behaviorally rejected as food relative to the palatable and nutritionally adequate phytoplankter Rhodomonas lens. On diets rich in K. brevis, copepods experienced decreased survivorship and decreased egg production per female, but the percentage of eggs that hatched was unaffected. Although copepods showed a 6-17% preference for R. lens over K. brevis on some mixed diets, overall high ingestion rates eliminated the possibility that reduced copepod fitness was caused by copepods avoiding K. brevis, leaving nutritional inadequacy and toxicity as remaining hypotheses. Because egg production was dependent on the amount of R. lens consumed regardless of the amount of K. brevis eaten, there was no evidence that fitness costs were caused by K. brevis toxicity. Copepods limited to K. brevis ate 480% as much as those fed only R. lens, suggesting that copepods attempted to compensate for low food quality with increased quantity ingested. Our results indicate that K. brevis is a poor food for A. tonsa, probably due to nutritional inadequacy rather than toxicity, which could affect bloom dynamics in the Gulf of Mexico where these species co-occur.

  6. Ocean Acidification Affects the Phyto-Zoo Plankton Trophic Transfer Efficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cripps, Gemma; Flynn, Kevin J; Lindeque, Penelope K

    2016-01-01

    The critical role played by copepods in ocean ecology and biogeochemistry warrants an understanding of how these animals may respond to ocean acidification (OA). Whilst an appreciation of the potential direct effects of OA, due to elevated pCO2, on copepods is improving, little is known about the indirect impacts acting via bottom-up (food quality) effects. We assessed, for the first time, the chronic effects of direct and/or indirect exposures to elevated pCO2 on the behaviour, vital rates, chemical and biochemical stoichiometry of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. Bottom-up effects of elevated pCO2 caused species-specific biochemical changes to the phytoplanktonic feed, which adversely affected copepod population structure and decreased recruitment by 30%. The direct impact of elevated pCO2 caused gender-specific respiratory responses in A.tonsa adults, stimulating an enhanced respiration rate in males (> 2-fold), and a suppressed respiratory response in females when coupled with indirect elevated pCO2 exposures. Under the combined indirect+direct exposure, carbon trophic transfer efficiency from phytoplankton-to-zooplankton declined to < 50% of control populations, with a commensurate decrease in recruitment. For the first time an explicit role was demonstrated for biochemical stoichiometry in shaping copepod trophic dynamics. The altered biochemical composition of the CO2-exposed prey affected the biochemical stoichiometry of the copepods, which could have ramifications for production of higher tropic levels, notably fisheries. Our work indicates that the control of phytoplankton and the support of higher trophic levels involving copepods have clear potential to be adversely affected under future OA scenarios.

  7. Ocean Acidification Affects the Phyto-Zoo Plankton Trophic Transfer Efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cripps, Gemma; Flynn, Kevin J.; Lindeque, Penelope K.

    2016-01-01

    The critical role played by copepods in ocean ecology and biogeochemistry warrants an understanding of how these animals may respond to ocean acidification (OA). Whilst an appreciation of the potential direct effects of OA, due to elevated pCO2, on copepods is improving, little is known about the indirect impacts acting via bottom-up (food quality) effects. We assessed, for the first time, the chronic effects of direct and/or indirect exposures to elevated pCO2 on the behaviour, vital rates, chemical and biochemical stoichiometry of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. Bottom-up effects of elevated pCO2 caused species-specific biochemical changes to the phytoplanktonic feed, which adversely affected copepod population structure and decreased recruitment by 30%. The direct impact of elevated pCO2 caused gender-specific respiratory responses in A.tonsa adults, stimulating an enhanced respiration rate in males (> 2-fold), and a suppressed respiratory response in females when coupled with indirect elevated pCO2 exposures. Under the combined indirect+direct exposure, carbon trophic transfer efficiency from phytoplankton-to-zooplankton declined to < 50% of control populations, with a commensurate decrease in recruitment. For the first time an explicit role was demonstrated for biochemical stoichiometry in shaping copepod trophic dynamics. The altered biochemical composition of the CO2-exposed prey affected the biochemical stoichiometry of the copepods, which could have ramifications for production of higher tropic levels, notably fisheries. Our work indicates that the control of phytoplankton and the support of higher trophic levels involving copepods have clear potential to be adversely affected under future OA scenarios. PMID:27082737

  8. Comprehensive Condition Survey and Storm Waves, Circulation, and Sedimentation Study, Dana Point Harbor, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    were estimated by wave hindcast in deep water , wave transformation that accounts for offshore island sheltering, and the CMS-Wave simulations that... waters of Southern California very often remain unaffected under the influence of the Catalina eddy circulation. Waves traveling at a variance to the...located west of San Nicholas Island at 33.125°N (latitude) and 120.0°W (longitude) in a water depth of 1,000 meters (3,300 feet). The 39-year GROW

  9. Memaknai Disclosure Laporan Sumber dan Penggunaan Dana Kebajikan (Qardhul Hasan Bank Syariah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iqbal M. Aris Ali

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The research was carried out in Bank Muamalat Indonesia Cabang Ternate and Bank Syariah Mandiri Cabang Ternate. Informants were Shariah bank managers, and academicians. Data triangulation is also used. Non-positivistic approach with symbolic interaction and God Trilogy teaching are utilised as methodology. Findings suggest that the Sources and Uses of Qardhul Hasan Funds diclosure is interpreted as: (1 goodness, (2 balance, and (3 education. Sources and Uses of Qardhul Hasan Funds disclosure is an action of sincerity to explain social fund information based on truth with competencies and attitude to maintain trust for the good of entity and people.

  10. Comprehensive Condition Survey and Storm Waves, Circulation, and Sediment Study, Dana Point Harbor, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    tasks that were performed in this study include the following: • A hydrographic survey using a multibeam sonar to collect bathymetric data and to...Imaging System) 3D LiDAR Scanner system mounted on top of the vessel was used for collecting above- water data. The LiDAR system is an optical remote

  11. H09274: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Southwest of Dana Point, California, 1972-03-29

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  12. H09252: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Southwest of Dana Point, California, 1972-03-15

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  13. Ovarian Cancer Training Program at the Dana Farber/Harvard Cancer Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    in insect cells, is an enzyme that can perform the DNA-dependent ATPase and helicase functions that were predicted by its primary sequence. Indeed...organoids. Finally, based on the findings from the first two aims, cells with specific pathways knocked-down with stable expression of RNAi retroviruses...interpret results and data, and assist him in presenting seminars and writing manuscripts. We work together on microdissections and RNAi experiments to define

  14. MARKET TIMING, SELEKTIVITAS SAHAM SERTA KINERJA DARI PRODUK REKSA DANA SAHAM DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benny Kurniawan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Mutual fund share is one of the attractive instruments in investment. This product is able to offer high returns with lower risk than investing directly into equities. However, the results found in the period of 2009-2014 were not the case. The return generated by equity funds was smaller than that of JCI. Because of this, the research on mutual funds was performed to measure the actual capability of mutual fund shares in Indonesia. This study used daily data of 44 stock mutual fund products in Indonesia. In this study, (1 Adjustment risk-return performance, (2 Selectivity of shares and, (3 Market timing were measured; furthermore, in market timing, the data were processed by the econometric models to determine the error model so that an appropriate regression model (OLS or ARCH / GARCH could be selected. The result revealed that the ability of mutual fund shares in Indonesia is very low. Although the risk-return adjustment performance shown only produced one underperformed product, the selectivity stock is very low in which only 22% showed a positive result in Fama testing; in addition, the portfolio showed a similar composition. For market timing, only about 30% of products are able to apply it appropriately. From these results, it can be concluded that the capability of equity funds in Indonesia in the period of 2009-2014 was still low, both on the selectivity stocks and market timing.Keywords: econometrics, performance, market timing, stock mutual funds, stock selectivity

  15. Pengaruh Market Timing Ability dan Stock Selection Skill terhadap Kinerja Reksa Dana Saham

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This research was conducted to analyze the influence of market timing ability and stock selection skill on equity mutual fund’s performance. The population of this study was equity mutual fund’s product listed on BAPEPAM. There is 164 equity mutual fund’s product around 2010 to 2014 with 34 samples. The method of this study is multiple-regression linear. The input of the research was acquired from BAPEPAM for Net Asset Value, Indonesian Central bank for BI rate and Jakarta C...

  16. Wave glider observations of surface winds and currents in the core of Typhoon Danas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitarai, S.; McWilliams, J. C.

    2016-11-01

    Simultaneous monitoring of surface winds and currents is essential to understand oceanic responses to tropical cyclones. We used a new platform, a Wave Glider (Liquid Robotics) to observe air-sea processes during a typhoon, equivalent to a category 4-hurricane, at peak strength, near Okinawa, Japan. Surface winds showed strong asymmetry in both speed and direction, faster fore than aft. Rotations of surface winds and currents were not coupled; currents rotated clockwise in the wake of the typhoon eye after passage of rapid wind rotations. Wind work was mostly done ahead of the eye, amplifying prior inertial motions with a phase shift. Wind-induced energy was nearly balanced with an increase in estimated kinetic energy of the upper ocean current, relative to prior inertial oscillations. This study provides a newer, more complete view of actual atmosphere-ocean interactions in a typhoon.

  17. Ustavnost i demokracija u današnjoj međunarodnoj zajednici

    OpenAIRE

    Padjen, Ivan

    1992-01-01

    Polazeći od uvida da je teorija prava ili jurisprudencija zaokupljena, s jedne strane, s međunarodnim pravom, a s druge, ustavnim razvojem, Članak: raščlanjuje neka istaknuta poimanja ustavnosti i demokracije u međunarodnoj zajednici i unutarnjim pravnim porecima; formulira novi skup kriterija za raščlanjivanje ustavnosti i demokracije u međunarodnom pravu; te izvodi da Lasswellova i McDougalova policy oriented jursisprudence nudi najbolje objašnjenje ustavnosti u međunarodnoj zajednici, doči...

  18. KEDUDUKAN DANA ALOKASI UMUM(DAU DALAM HUBUNGAN ANTARA PUSAT DAN DAERAH BERDASARKAN ASAS OTONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuswanto Yuswanto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available As a fiscal policy within the framework of regional autonomy, the allocation of DAU is an act that very important. It was meant to address financing capability gap between regions. The reason is because the DAU is the largest component of balance funds, namely the lack of 26% of the net domestic income in the state budget the amount of DAU scheme is not limiting, because it can only grow with the size of the authority delegated to the regions. DAU legal standing as a regional income in the financial relationship between the center and the regions based on the principle of autonomy is as a subsidy coming from the state revenue in the state budget that is allocated to local revenue in the budget based on fiscal decentralization. Keywords: General Allocation Fund, autonomy, regional autonomy

  19. April 2004 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (Geodetic Coordinates) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from...

  20. Reliability Assessment of the Defense Automated Neurobehavioral Assessment (DANA) in Extreme Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    1985). 2. D. M. Levinson, D. L. Reeves , "Monitoring Recovery from Traumatic Brain Injury Using the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics...Concussions on Emotional Distress, Post-Concussive Symptoms, and Neurocognitive Functioning in Active Duty United States Marines Independent of...Combat Exposure or Emotional Distress," Journal of Neurotrauma, Vol. 31 (2014), pp. 1823-1834. 12. J. D. Hardy, E. F. Dubois, "The Technic of

  1. TINJAUAN YURIDIS PARA PIHAK DALAM TRANSAKSI PENGAMBILAN ATAU TRANSFER DANA MELALUI MESIN ANJUNGAN TUNAI MANDIRI (ATM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Augustinus Simanjuntak

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available According to civil code or Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW, article 1320, there are four legal conditions of business contract must be fulfilled by parties. One of condition is agreement. Based on this condition, the position of each parties must be equal at the same level. Besides, each parties must be exist and make effective communication before get in to that agreement. Commonly, every subjects in business transaction need dealing process first between one to another party, and than the parties goes to delivering or transfering the object of transaction. At least they have to know each other first if transaction will be implemented. But, this legal term is not fully found in one of banking transaction facilities that is automatic teller machine as we called Anjungan Tunai Mandiri (ATM. The legal issue which come out from this transaction system is particularly regarding to the subjects or parties. Every time the customer goes to ATM, she or he will not find another party existing there. It means that customer do transaction without presence of bank party. So, if ATM has broken and the balance in costumer account has decreased for debit, bank does not always liable for the costumer loss. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Menurut pasal 1320 Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata atau Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW, ada empat syarat sahnya suatu kontrak bisnis yang harus dipenuhi oleh para pihak. Salah satunya ialah kesepakatan. Berdasarkan syarat ini, posisi para pihak harus sejajar pada tingkat yang sama. Selain itu, masing-masing pihak harus eksis dan melakukan komunikasi yang efektif sebelum mencapai kesepakatan. Lazimnya, setiap subjek dalam transaksi bisnis membutuhkan proses persetujuan terlebih dahulu antara pihak yang satu dengan pihak lainnya, dan kemudian para pihak menuju pada penyerahan atau pemindahan objek transaksi. Paling tidak, mereka harus saling mengetahui bila transaksi akan dilaksanakan. Tetapi, syarat hukum ini tidak sepenuhnya ditemukan di salah satu fasilitas transaksi bank, yaitu automatic teller machine atau yang biasa disebut mesin Anjungan Tunai Mandiri (ATM. Permasalahan hukum yang timbul dari sistem transaksi ini adalah terkait dengan subjek atau para pihak. Setiap waktu nasabah pergi ke mesin ATM, ia tidak akan menemukan pihak lain berada di sana. Itu artinya bahwa nasabah melakukan transaksi tanpa kehadiran perwakilan pihak bank. Oleh karena itu, jika mesin ATM rusak dan saldo nasabah sudah berkurang karena sempat terdebet maka bank tidak selalu mau bertanggungjawab atas uang nasabah yang hilang itu. Kata kunci: transaksi, para pihak, kesepakatan, mesin ATM, kerugian nasabah.

  2. PENGELOLAAN DANA FILANTROPI UNTUK PEMBERDAYAAN PENDIDIKAN ANAK DHUAFA (STUDI KASUS PADA BMH CABANG MALANG JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aan Nasrullah

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to look at how the Institute of Baitul Mal Hidayatullah (BMH branch Malang manage and distribute philanthropy funds (zakat, infaq, ṣadaqah and waqf, for the empowerment of poor children education . The approach in this research is qualitative approach, the research design is case study. The results of this study indicate that philanthropy funds have been collected by BMH Branch Malang will be distributed to the four main programs these are, Propagation Program, Education, Social and Economic. The management of philanthropy funds for poor children's education empowerment distributed on three programs: Berpadu (Beasiswa Peduli Anak Dhuafa, PPAS (Pusat Pengembangan Pendidikan Anak Sholeh, and PSD (Pengembangan Sekolah Dhuafa.

  3. December 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (latitude and longitude) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs)...

  4. Asimetri pada Flypaper Effect: Bukti Empiris Pemanfaatan Dana Alokasi Umum pada Pemerintah Daerah di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junaidi .

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this research is to provide empirical proof of occurrence of asymmetries in the flypaper effect for the Indonesian Municipalities. The flypaper effect, when an unconditional lump-sum grant to a municipal government increases spending in a greater proportion than an equivalent raise in municipal revenue. Using a panel of data on Indonesian municipalities covering the period 2000-2010, we also clear evidence of there is asymmetrical reactions. More precisely, the results suggest the presence of a fiscal replacement type of asymmetry: when grants grow, municipalities spend most of the additional revenue. Furthermore, when grants fall, spending is unaffected and municipalities compensate the loss through additional taxation.

  5. “Tog sretnog dana...” – Uz 440. obljetnicu Lepantske bitke

    OpenAIRE

    Kužić, Krešimir

    2011-01-01

    Autor se u prvom dijelu radu osvrnuo na djela domaćih suvremenika s temom Lepantske bitke. U drugom dijelu prikazan je razlog okupljanja flote Svete lige, njena taktika i stanje pojedinih eskadri prije polaska iz Messine. Nakon toga je rekonstruiran učinak pojedinih galija iz hrvatskih krajeva, zbivanja tijekom bitke, a revidirane su i zasluge glavnih zapovjednika. Na kraju je dan ispravak i dopuna oznaka, tzv. imena, pod kojima su se borile galije iz hrvatskih gradova.

  6. Habitat shifts and spatial distribution of the intertidal crab Neohelice ( Chasmagnathus ) granulata Dana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casariego, Agustina Mendez; Alberti, Juan; Luppi, Tomás; Daleo, Pedro; Iribarne, Oscar

    2011-08-01

    Intertidal zones of estuaries and embayments of the SW Atlantic are dominated by the semiterrestrial burrowing grapsid crab, Neohelice ( Chasmagnathus) granulata, and characterized by extensive mud flats surrounded by salt marshes. In this work we examined spatial patterns of distribution of N. granulata during two years to explain their movement patterns. The results of the population sampling showed segregation by sex and size throughout the intertidal, with seasonal variations in densities and different condition indices for adults and juveniles at the different zones. The comparison of seasonal activity (ambulatory activity outside burrows) between marshes and mudflats shows that short term (e.g. daily) variations in activity were controlled by tides. Crabs were active at high tides but increased their activity on days with higher tidal amplitude. Seasonal activity showed that at both areas, females remain with low activity except for a peak in winter, while males showed the highest activity during summer in the mudflat zone, but not so in the marsh. This pattern can be the response to differences in stress tolerance, suggesting that high temperatures are limiting the performance of adult crabs during summer, especially at the marsh where physical conditions can be more critical. The spatial size segregation can be explained by differential mortality in each zone (estimated with tethered crabs), and by the juvenile movement between these zones (estimated with movement traps). Juvenile mortality is higher at the mudflat, while adult mortality is higher in the marsh. Smaller juveniles moved to the marsh, where the mortality is lower, and the larger juveniles moved towards the mudflat. This mortality is due almost exclusively to cannibalism, so our results suggest that this movement of different size classes between zones is controlled, at least in part, by intraspecific predation.

  7. March 2003 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (Geodetic Coordinates) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from...

  8. PREFERENSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP LEMBAGA ZAKAT DAN BENTUK-BENTUK PEMBERDAYAAN DANA ZAKAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Mifdlol Muthohar

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to find out the attitude of muzaki in handing over the zakat fund and their perspective of the zakat institution. This study used a qualitative approach, located in 13 cities. The research findings showed that according to muzaki, paying zakat to zakat institution is more ideal, however, they prefer to pay it with two different ways; first is to zakat institution and second is directly given to those who deserve to receive it. Muzaki prefer to pay their zakat to private zakat institutions rather than to those belong to government. Then Zakat funds should be managed by the institution of zakat. If the government manages the zakat, it should be fair and believable. Furthermore, muzaki are more satisfied when zakat institutions distribute the zakat to people around muzaki. It is for the Benefit of the most desired purpose that is educational, social, religious, economic empowerment and health.

  9. A transcriptome resource for Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana) exposed to short-term stress

    KAUST Repository

    Martins, Maria João F

    2015-10-01

    Euphausia superba is a keystone species in Antarctic food webs. However, the continued decrease in stock density raises concerns over the resilience and adaptive potential of krill to withstand the current rate of environmental change. We undertook a transcriptome-scale approach (454 pyrosequencing) as a baseline for future studies addressing the physiological response of krill to short-term food shortage and natural UV-B stress. The final assembly resulted in a total of 26,415 contigs, 39.8% of which were putatively annotated. Exploratory analyses indicate an overall reduction in protein synthesis under food shortage while UV stress resulted in the activation of photo-protective mechanisms. © 2015.

  10. Domaća nafta prije 30 godina i danas (analiza i destilacija)

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    U radu su analizirani uzorci domaće nafte Slavonija i Moslavina te uzorak plinskog kondenzata koji se koriste u preradi u RN Sisak. Određene su fizikalno-kemijske karakteristike uzorkovanih nafti, plinskog kondenzata i njihovih frakcija te je načinjena atmosferska i vakuum destilacija pri čemu su korištene ASTM D 2892 i ASTM D 5236 metode. Dobiveni podaci predstavljaju fizikalno-kemijsku evaluaciju nafti u laboratorijskim uvjetima iz kojih proizlaze baze podataka o naftama (eng. crude oil ...

  11. Observations on feeding behaviour and survival rates in the estuarine calanoid copepods Acartia spinicauda and Heliodiaptomus cinctus (Crustacea: Copepoda: Calanoida)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Srivastava, Y.; Fernandes, Brenda; Goswami, S.C.; Goswami, U.; Achuthankutty, C.T.

    of Tetraselmis gracilis (Chlorophyta) and Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyta), whereas, adults of H. cinctus were fed on five different combinations of phytoplankton feed. Total hourly differences in pigment concentrations indicate that A. spinicauda preferred...

  12. Tidal effects on short-term mesozooplankton distribution in small channels of a temperate-turbid estuary, Southwestern Atlantic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Chazarreta

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The short-term variability of mesozooplankton distribution and physicochemical variables was examined in two different channels of the Bahía Blanca Estuary, Argentina, during two tidal cycles. All the physicochemical measurements and mesozooplankton sampling were performed at a fixed site during approximately 22-23 h at 3-h intervals. Pumps were used to obtain surface and bottom mesozooplankton samples and the water speed of each stratum was measured with an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP. In all, 23 mesozooplanktonic taxa belonging to four phyla (Arthropoda, Annelida, Echinodermata and Chordata were identified. The most abundant taxa during the two tidal cycles were Balanus glandula larvae, Eurytemora americana and Acartia tonsa. A discernible variability in the water conditions and vertical mesozooplankton distribution (VMD different from that known for the estuary's main channel, was found in the other two selected channels. VMD varied during the tidal cycle in both channels in accordance with the channel's geomorphology and water dynamic characteristics of each of them. The variation of the abundance of the different taxa during ebb and flood currents might indicate the existence of a tidal vertical migration of the mesozooplankton as a response to particular dynamic water conditions.

  13. Prey detection and prey capture in copepod nauplii.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleonora Bruno

    Full Text Available Copepod nauplii are either ambush feeders that feed on motile prey or they produce a feeding current that entrains prey cells. It is unclear how ambush and feeding-current feeding nauplii perceive and capture prey. Attack jumps in ambush feeding nauplii should not be feasible at low Reynolds numbers due to the thick viscous boundary layer surrounding the attacking nauplius. We use high-speed video to describe the detection and capture of phytoplankton prey by the nauplii of two ambush feeding species (Acartia tonsa and Oithona davisae and by the nauplii of one feeding-current feeding species (Temora longicornis. We demonstrate that the ambush feeders both detect motile prey remotely. Prey detection elicits an attack jump, but the jump is not directly towards the prey, such as has been described for adult copepods. Rather, the nauplius jumps past the prey and sets up an intermittent feeding current that pulls in the prey from behind towards the mouth. The feeding-current feeding nauplius detects prey arriving in the feeding current but only when the prey is intercepted by the setae on the feeding appendages. This elicits an altered motion pattern of the feeding appendages that draws in the prey.

  14. Evaluation of antibiotics as a methodological procedure to inhibit free-living and biofilm bacteria in marine zooplankton culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa O. Agostini

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a problem with keeping culture medium completely or partially free from bacteria. The use of prokaryotic metabolic inhibitors, such as antibiotics, is suggested as an alternative solution, although such substances should not harm non-target organisms. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of antibiotic treatments in inhibiting free-living and biofilm bacteria and their half-life in artificial marine environment using the copepod Acartia tonsa as bioindicador of non-harmful antibiotic combinations. Regarding to results, the application of 0.025 g L-1 penicillin G potassium + 0.08 g L-1 streptomycin sulphate + 0.04 g L-1 neomycin sulphate showed great potential for use in marine cultures and scientific experiments without lethal effects to non-target organisms. The effect of this combination starts within the first six hours of exposure and reduces up to 93 % the bacterial density, but the half-life is short, requiring replacement. No adverse changes in water quality were observed within 168 hours of exposure. As a conclusion, we can infer that this treatment was an effective procedure for zooplankton cultures and scientific experiments with the aim of measuring the role of free-living and biofilm in the marine community.

  15. Zooplankton and Karenia brevis in the Gulf of Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lester, Kristen M.; Heil, Cynthia A.; Neely, Merry B.; Spence, Danylle N.; Murasko, Susan; Hopkins, Thomas L.; Sutton, Tracey T.; Burghart, Scott E.; Bohrer, Richard N.; Remsen, Andrew W.; Vargo, Gabriel A.; Walsh, John J.

    2008-01-01

    Blooms of the toxic dinoflagellate Karenia brevis are common in the Gulf of Mexico, yet no in situ studies of zooplankton and K. brevis have been conducted there. Zooplankton abundance and taxonomic composition at non-bloom and K. brevis bloom stations within the Ecology of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB) study area were compared. At non-bloom stations, the most abundant species of zooplankton were Parvocalanus crassirostris, Oithona colcarva, and Paracalanus quasimodo at the 5-m isobath and P. quasimodo, O. colcarva, and Oikopleura dioica at the 25-m isobath. There was considerable overlap in dominance of zooplankton species between the 5 and 25-m isobaths, with nine species contributing to 90% of abundance at both isobaths. At stations within K. brevis blooms however, Acartia tonsa, Centropages velificatus, Temora turbinata, Evadne tergestina, O. colcarva, O. dioica, and P. crassirostris were dominant. Variations in abundance between non-bloom and bloom assemblages were evident, including the reduction in abundance of three key species within K. brevis blooms.

  16. Temperature effects on copepod egg hatching: does acclimatization matter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume; Kozmér, A.;

    2010-01-01

    This report investigates female sizes, egg sizes and egg hatching rates in relation to temperature for the near-shore calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa cultured at 6, 9, 14 and 24°C for several generations to achieve acclimatization. Inverse size relationships of eggs and females were revealed...... with increasing temperature. Eggs produced at 6°C were 85 ± 4 µm in diameter, but decreased to 80 ± 3 µm at 24°C. Female cephalothorax length was 840 ± 52 and 692 ± 39 µm at 9 and 24°C, respectively. Parallel hatching experiments were performed between non-acclimatized and acclimatized cultures across a range...... of temperatures reflecting natural conditions in Danish waters. A greater fraction of eggs enter quiescence as temperature declines. Eggs were able to hatch at temperatures as low as 1.5°C. Final egg hatching success increased with temperature. Acclimatization of the copepods resulted in a lower maximum hatching...

  17. Food quality affects secondary consumers even at low quantities: an experimental test with larval European lobster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoo, Katherina L; Aberle, Nicole; Malzahn, Arne M; Boersma, Maarten

    2012-01-01

    The issues of food quality and food quantity are crucial for trophic interactions. Although most research has focussed on the primary producer-herbivore link, recent studies have shown that quality effects at the bottom of the food web propagate to higher trophic levels. Negative effects of poor food quality have almost exclusively been demonstrated at higher food quantities. Whether these negative effects have the same impact at low food availability in situations where the majority if not all of the resources are channelled into routine metabolism, is under debate. In this study a tri-trophic food chain was designed, consisting of the algae Rhodomonas salina, the copepod Acartia tonsa and freshly hatched larvae of the European lobster Homarus gammarus. The lobster larvae were presented with food of two different qualities (C:P ratios) and four different quantities to investigate the combined effects of food quality and quantity. Our results show that the quality of food has an impact on the condition of lobster larvae even at very low food quantities. Food with a lower C:P content resulted in higher condition of the lobster larvae regardless of the quantity of food. These interacting effects of food quality and food quantity can have far reaching consequences for ecosystem productivity.

  18. Host-Specific and pH-Dependent Microbiomes of Copepods in an Extensive Rearing System.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alf Skovgaard

    Full Text Available Copepods are to an increasing extent cultivated as feed for mariculture fish larvae with variable production success. In the temperate climate zone, this production faces seasonal limitation due to changing abiotic factors, in particular temperature and light. Furthermore, the production of copepods may be influenced by biotic factors of the culture systems, such as competing microorganisms, harmful algae, or other eukaryotes and prokaryotes that may be non-beneficial for the copepods. In this study, the composition of bacteria associated with copepods was investigated in an extensive outdoor copepod production system. Light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed that bacteria were primarily found attached to the exoskeleton of copepods although a few bacteria were also found in the gut as well as internally in skeletal muscle tissue. Through 16S rRNA gene-targeted denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE analysis, a clear difference was found between the microbiomes of the two copepod species, Acartia tonsa and Centropages hamatus, present in the system. This pattern was corroborated through 454/FLX-based 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of copepod microbiomes, which furthermore showed that the abiotic parameters pH and oxygen concentration in rearing tank water were the key factors influencing composition of copepod microbiomes.

  19. Bioluminescence in Dinoflagellates: Evidence that the Adaptive Value of Bioluminescence in Dinoflagellates is Concentration Dependent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanley, Karen A; Widder, Edith A

    2017-03-01

    Three major hypotheses have been proposed to explain why dinoflagellate bioluminescence deters copepod grazing: startle response, aposematic warning, and burglar alarm. These hypotheses propose dinoflagellate bioluminescence (A) startles predatory copepods, (B) warns potential predators of toxicity, and (C) draws the attention of higher order visual predators to the copepod's location. While the burglar alarm is the most commonly accepted hypothesis, it requires a high concentration of bioluminescent dinoflagellates to be effective, meaning the bioluminescence selective advantage at lower, more commonly observed, dinoflagellate concentrations may result from another function (e.g. startle response or aposematic warning). Therefore, a series of experiments was conducted to evaluate copepod grazing (Acartia tonsa) on bioluminescent dinoflagellates (during bioluminescent and nonbioluminescent phases, corresponding to night and day, respectively) at different concentrations (10, 1000, and 3000 cells mL(-1) ), on toxic (Pyrodinium bahamense var. bahamense) and nontoxic (Lingulodinium polyedrum) bioluminescent dinoflagellates, and in the presence of nonluminescent diatoms (Thalassiosira eccentrica). Changes in copepod ingestion rates, clearance rates, and feeding preferences as a result of these experimental factors, particularly during the mixed trails with nonluminescent diatoms, indicate there is a concentration threshold at which the burglar alarm becomes effective and below which dinoflagellate bioluminescence functions as an aposematic warning.

  20. Fitness costs and benefits of ultraviolet radiation exposure in marine pelagic copepods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hylander, Samuel; Grenvald, Julie Cornelius; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Life-history theory predicts that organisms should allocate energy throughout their life such that they maximize their fitness. Copepod zooplankton are known to accumulate sunscreens (so-called mycosporine-like amino acids, MAAs) and antioxidant carotenoids to mitigate negative effects of ultravi......Life-history theory predicts that organisms should allocate energy throughout their life such that they maximize their fitness. Copepod zooplankton are known to accumulate sunscreens (so-called mycosporine-like amino acids, MAAs) and antioxidant carotenoids to mitigate negative effects...... of ultraviolet radiation (UVR), but it is not well known how this affects their fitness. We followed cohorts of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa and assessed how fitness was affected by UVR exposure and a diet rich in UVR-protective sunscreens. Several fitness components including somatic growth, egg quality...... and nauplii production (larvae) were negatively affected by UVR, whereas other components such as size at maturity, survival and length of life were not. Nauplii production through low egg quality was the most influential life-history parameter that changed in response to UVR. There was interaction between...

  1. Experimental Investigation of 3-D flow fields around the mouth of the Dwarf Seahorse during attacks on planktonic prey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemmell, Brad; Buskey, Edward; Sheng, Jian

    2009-11-01

    Copepods are an important planktonic food source for fish species. High predation has led to the development of effective escape responses with short reaction times (less than 2 ms), maximum escape velocities of over 500 body lengths per second and shear sensitivity as low as 1.5s-1. Using high speed digital holography (2 kfps), we measure 3-D distributions of velocity generated by a dwarf seahorse (Hippocampus zosterae) during attacks on its copepod prey, Acartia tonsa. It is found that successful attacks often produce smaller or even no detectable hydrodynamic disturbances around the strike zone, when compared to unsuccessful attempts. In this paper, we will provide quantitative characterization of this ``low-flow'' zone. Further, to elucidate the role of a possible geometrical advantage of the seahorse's head in minimizing its bow wave, high-speed time resolved PIV measurements are conducted in a low-speed water tunnel. On-going analysis will provide insights and implications in understanding the dynamics of flows around the stagnation point at high Reynolds number flow. Sponsored by NSF.

  2. Predation by the Dwarf Seahorse on Copepods: Quantifying Motion and Flows Using 3D High Speed Digital Holographic Cinematography - When Seahorses Attack!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gemmell, Brad; Sheng, Jian; Buskey, Ed

    2008-11-01

    Copepods are an important planktonic food source for most of the world's fish species. This high predation pressure has led copepods to evolve an extremely effective escape response, with reaction times to hydrodynamic disturbances of less than 4 ms and escape speeds of over 500 body lengths per second. Using 3D high speed digital holographic cinematography (up to 2000 frames per second) we elucidate the role of entrainment flow fields generated by a natural visual predator, the dwarf seahorse (Hippocampus zosterae) during attacks on its prey, Acartia tonsa. Using phytoplankton as a tracer, we recorded and reconstructed 3D flow fields around the head of the seahorse and its prey during both successful and unsuccessful attacks to better understand how some attacks lead to capture with little or no detection from the copepod while others result in failed attacks. Attacks start with a slow approach to minimize the hydro-mechanical disturbance which is used by copepods to detect the approach of a potential predator. Successful attacks result in the seahorse using its pipette-like mouth to create suction faster than the copepod's response latency. As these characteristic scales of entrainment increase, a successful escape becomes more likely.

  3. Nota sobre o transporte de krill (euphausia superba Dana vivo da antártica para o Brasil Note on the transportation of a live krill (Euphausia superba Dana from Antartic to Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Ngan Phan

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available É apresentado nesta nota experimento sobre o transporte do krill vivo da Antartica para o Brasil, realizado durante a V Expedição Brasileira à Antártica, verão 1986-1987. O sistema de aquário utilizado e a mortalidade do krill em função do tempo e de outros eventos durante o experimento são descritos. A importância deste experimento para o desenvolvimento do estudo experimental do krill é discutida.In this note an experiment on transportation of alive krill from the Antarctica to Brazil during the V Brazilian Expedition to the Antarcticas austral summer 1986-198?3 was reported. The aquarium system and the krill mortality in function of time and other events dur-lng the experiment were described. The importance of this experiment for the development of experimental studies of krill was discussed.

  4. A new species of Paratanais Dana, 1852 (Crustacea, Peracarida, Tanaidacea, Paratanaidae from Puerto Rico, northwestern Atlantic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andres Morales Núñez

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Paratanais rosadi sp. n. described from Puerto Rican coastal waters represents the first species of the genus from the northwestern Atlantic. It is distinguished from the other Paratanais species by a combination of characters, including article-2 of the maxilliped palp with a geniculate, finely-serrulate seta on inner margin; chela with stiff, geniculate, seta arising from propodus between fixed finger and dactylus and with short, stout, finely serrulate, seta on inner distal face of propodus adjacent to base of dactylus; carpus of pereopods 4−6three, instead of four stout modified spiniform setae distally, uropodal exopod distinctly shorter than endopodal article-1; and uropodal endopod with articles of about of equal in length. A key for the separation of Paratanais species from the Atlantic Ocean is presented.

  5. Effect of Elevated Carbon Dioxide on Two Scleractinian Corals: Porites cylindrica (Dana, 1846 and Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yii-Siang Hii

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study reveals the effect of elevated pCO2 on Porites cylindrica and Galaxea fascicularis. The corals responded differently under elevated pCO2. Zooxanthellae cell density, cell mitotic index, and photosynthesis rate of P. cylindrica decreased drastically under the elevated pCO2. At the end of the experiment, P. cylindrica suffered from a declining calcium carbonate precipitation rate. G. fascicularis increased its respiration rate and expelled 71% of its symbiotic zooxanthellae algae under elevated pCO2. Photosynthetic pigments in the remaining zooxanthellae algae increased from 1.85 to 11.5 times to sustain its photosynthetic outputs. At the end of the experiment, G. fascicularis managed to increase the rate of its calcium carbonate precipitation. Increase pCO2 in the atmosphere may affect species diversity of coral reefs.

  6. Zooplankton biomass and abundance of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba DANA in Indian Ocean sector of the southern ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ingole, B.S.; Parulekar, A.H.

    considerable component of biomass and together with eggs and larvae represented over 60% (n = 39) of mean total zooplankton-biomass in the coastal ice region. The values for population density and biomass of adult-size krill varied between 0 to 4320 individuals...

  7. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum dan Jumlah Penduduk terhadap Belanja Daerah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Devita

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the influence of Locally-Generated Revenue (PAD, General Allocation Fund (DAU, and the population of the regional budget district/city in Jambi Province. Data in this research is regional budget, PAD, DAU and population. When it is observed from its effect by using fixed effect model, it can be seen that PAD dan DAU in total or partial can improve direct spending and indirect spending meanwhile population can reduce the improvement of direct spending. It is different with indirect spending which has positive effect because the growing of population in regency/city in Jambi can improve the allocation of employee spending meanwhile for direct spending especially for capital spending is not efficient.

  8. Latest research results on the effects of nanomaterials on humans and the environment: DaNa - Knowledge Base Nanomaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquardt, C.; Kühnel, D.; Richter, V.; Krug, H. F.; Mathes, B.; Steinbach, C.; Nau, K.

    2013-04-01

    Nanotechnology is considered one of the key technologies of the 21st century. The success of this fascinating technology is based on its versatility. It will bring about fundamental changes of basic research as well as of many sectors of industry and also of daily life from electronics to the health care system. However, consumers often miss reliable and understandable information on nanomaterials and all aspects of this versatile technology. A huge body of data on the potential hazards of nanoobjects towards human and environmental health already exists, but is either not easily accessible for a broad audience or presented unprocessable for nonexperts. But risk communication is an essential and thus integral component of risk management. For that purpose, the DaNa-Project aims at filling this gap by collecting and evaluating scientific results in an interdisciplinary approach with scientists from different research areas, such as human and environmental toxicology, biology, physics, chemistry, and sociology. Research findings from the field of human and environmental nanotoxicology are being prepared and presented together with material properties and possible applications for interested laymen and stakeholders. For the evaluation of literature a "Literature Criteria Checklist" has been developed as well as a Standard Operation Procedure template (SOP) based on careful scientific practice.

  9. Milanski edikt u kontekstu jedinstvene Crkve i društvenoga suživota u svoje vrijeme i danas

    OpenAIRE

    Zečević, Jure

    2014-01-01

    Autor shematski razlikuje tri “onovremena” modela ili koncepta odnosa prema religiji, svakoj ili pojedinoj, osobito prema kršćanstvu i Crkvi: Dioklecijanov, Konstantinov i Teodozijev koncept, te ih dovodi u korelaciju s našim vremenom. Na osnovi usporedbe koncepata odnosa prema religijama i konfesijama u 21. stoljeću s Konstantinovim i Teodozijevim konceptima u 4. stoljeću, može se zaključiti da je Konstantinov pluralistički koncept religijske slobode svih religija zasigurno prepoznatljivo bl...

  10. Pengaruh Cash Turnover, Loan to Deposit Ratio, Capit al Adequacy Ratio, dan Dana Pihak Ketiga terhadap Profitabilitas LPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Cahyadi Sujana

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The  purpose of  this  study  was  to  determine  the  effect  of   cash  turnover ,  loan  to  deposit  ratio,   capi tal adequacyrat io,  and  third-party  funds  to  the profi tabil ity  of  Lembaga  Perkreditan  Desa  (LPD  in  Denpasar  2010-2012.Thi s study  used observasion  method is to study and look at the  financial statements of  the LPD  period 2010-2012  and  found  a  sample  of   34  LPD.  This  study  found  that  the  cash  turnover ,  loan  to  deposit  ratio  and  capi taladequacy  rat io  by  part ial  signi ficant  positive  effect  on  the  profitability  of  LPD  in  Denpasar  2010-2012.Meanwhile,  third-party funds  significant negat ive effect   on  the  profitabili ty of   LPD in Denpasar  2010-2012.

  11. Written Corrective Feedback in L2 Writing: Connors & Lunsford (1988); Lunsford & Lunsford (2008); Lalande (1982) Dana Ferris

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferris, Dana

    2015-01-01

    Written corrective feedback (CF) has been the most heavily researched topic in second language (L2) writing over the past 20 years. As a recent research timeline article in this journal (Ferris 2012; see also Bitchener & Ferris 2012) shows, studies of error correction in student writing have crossed disciplines (composition and rhetoric,…

  12. DESCRIPTION DE LA ZOOÉPIBIOSE DE L’ÉCREVISSE SIGNAL (PACIFASTACUS LENIUSCULUS, DANA EN ASTACICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CUELLAR M. C.

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Des recherches ont été effectuées concernant la zooépibiose de l’écrevisse signal (Pacifastacus leniusculus, D., provenant d’un centre d’astaciculture espagnol, au cours de la période 1997-1998. Les organismes épibiotiques dominants trouvés sur l’exosquelette appartiennent aux groupes zoologiques d’Invertébrés suivants : Mastigophora (Bodo, Cilliophora (Stentor, Epistylis, Zoothamnium, Acineta, Turbelaria (Temnocephala, Rotifera (Brachionus, Annelida (Branchiobdella, Acarina (Hygrobates et Ostracode (Eucypris ou Enthocytera, on souligne le nombre élevé de Branchiobdellides de l’espèce Branchiobdella instabilia M., dont les quantités minimum et maximum, en mâles et femelles, oscillent de 12 à 139 et de 7 à 130, respectivement. Les hyperbranchiobdelloses provoquent des automutilations, des décollements des pinces et autres appendices, des mues anormales, des lésions cuticulaires, de l’hémocytopénie et des changements éthologiques. Les colonisations maximales d’Ostracodes de l’espèce Eucypris virens, J.O., Enthocytera heterodonta, R., dans les poches d’incubation des femelles donnent lieu à une coloration rougeâtre des oeufs et à leur perte postérieure. Compte tenu de leur nombre limité et de la période d’épibiose, les genres des sous-types Mastigophora, Ciliophora, Turbelaria, Rotifera et Arachnida ne représentent aucun danger pour les écrevisses. En ce qui concerne la zooépibiose associée aux appendices et aux régions du corps des écrevisses du Pacifique, les chélipèdes ou pinces constituent le substrat où se place de préférence le genre Branchiobdella ; le céphalothorax sert de support à tous les groupes taxonomiques d’épibiontes identifiés.

  13. Respiratory, acid-base, and metabolic responses of the Christmas Island blue crab, Cardisoma hirtipes (Dana), during simulated environmental conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dela-Cruz, J; Morris, S

    1997-01-01

    The dependency of the Christmas Island blue crab, Cardisoma hirtipes, on fresh water for respiratory gas exchange and transport was investigated in laboratory simulations. The gas exchange rates of air-breathing C. hirtipes were similar to those of other land crabs but decreased to 20% in submerged crabs. Crabs with access to air maintained arterial and pulmonary O2 content (CO2) and partial pressure (PO2), while in submerged crabs the PO2 and CO2 rapidly decreased (by 50%). There was no anaerobiosis, but haemolymph glucose concentration and cardiac output decreased when crabs were submersed, which suggests a hypometabolic state. Submersion induced a metabolic rather than a respiratory alkalosis, and since respiratory gas exchange was low, CO2 excretion to water was unimportant. Cardisoma hirtipes haemocyanin (Hc) has high O2 affinity but low pH sensitivity, which facilitates O2 uptake from hypoxic environments. The high Hc-O2 affinity supports O2 loading but may prevent access to a venous O2 reserve. Calcium, magnesium, and urate, but not L-lactate, were effectors of Hc-O2 affinity. In submerged crabs increased circulating urate maintained haemolymph O2 content. The CO2 capacitance and nonbicarbonate buffering of the haemolymph were relatively low. A significant Haldane effect seemed important for CO2 excretion but would require CO2 and O2 exchange to occur at the same organ (gills or lungs). Submersion interferes with respiration and is not needed for haemolymph acid-base balance; thus; C. hirtipes is an air-breathing crab.

  14. Evaluation of the efficiency of fixation, decalcified and corants to study of pereiopods of Neohelice granulata (Dana, 1851)

    OpenAIRE

    Borges, Elizandra Luçardo; Gonzalez, Vinícius Cunha; Jardim, Rodrigo Desessards; Loch, Dionísio; Soares, João Cassimiro Mendonça; Trindade, Gilma Santos; Varela Junior, Antonio Sergio

    2009-01-01

    Foram coletados dezesseis espécimes de Neohelice granulata no estuário da Laguna dos Patos sendo que, de cada um destes foram coletados cinco apêndices locomotores. Dois destes apêndices foram fixados em Formol a 10%, outros dois em Zenker e um em Davidson, correspondendo a 32, 32, 16 repetições respectivamente. Após os apêndices terem sido fixados em Formol e Zenker estes foram colocados nos descalcificadores Ácido Cítrico 5% e Solução de Citrato de Sódio/Ácido Fórmico. Já os apêndices fixad...

  15. Importance and nutritional value of large ciliates for the reproduction of Acartia clausi during the post spring-bloom period in the North Sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dutz, Jörg; Peters, J.

    2008-01-01

    enriched with large prey (> 20 mu m). The mineral (C, N) and lipid contents of the food suspensions were determined for size-fractionated samples to characterize the nutritional composition of prey. Large oligotrich ciliates and Strobiliidae dominated the seston biomass. Ciliates, particularly...... of the mineral and lipid content confirmed a high seston nutritional quality. The 20 to 48 mu m fraction reflected the composition of female diets and indicated an enrichment of N and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the diet compared to total seston. The fraction > 48 mu m consisted mostly of ciliates...

  16. Descriptions of Acartia (Euacartia) southwelli Sewell 1914 and A. (Euacartia) sarojus n.sp. from India and status of the subgenus Euacartia Steuer 1923

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Madhupratap, M.; Haridas, P.

    stream_size 8 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Hydrobiologia_292-293_67.pdf.txt stream_source_info Hydrobiologia_292-293_67.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  17. How much crude oil can zooplankton ingest? Estimating the quantity of dispersed crude oil defecated by planktonic copepods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Connelly, Tara L; Buskey, Edward J

    2016-01-01

    We investigated and quantified defecation rates of crude oil by 3 species of marine planktonic copepods (Temora turbinata, Acartia tonsa, and Parvocalanus crassirostris) and a natural copepod assemblage after exposure to mechanically or chemically dispersed crude oil. Between 88 and 100% of the analyzed fecal pellets from three species of copepods and a natural copepod assemblage exposed for 48 h to physically or chemically dispersed light crude oil contained crude oil droplets. Crude oil droplets inside fecal pellets were smaller (median diameter: 2.4-3.5 μm) than droplets in the physically and chemically dispersed oil emulsions (median diameter: 6.6 and 8.0 μm, respectively). This suggests that copepods can reject large crude oil droplets or that crude oil droplets are broken into smaller oil droplets before or during ingestion. Depending on the species and experimental treatments, crude oil defecation rates ranged from 5.3 to 245 ng-oil copepod(-1) d(-1), which represent a mean weight-specific defecation rate of 0.026 μg-oil μg-Ccopepod(1) d(-1). Considering a dispersed crude oil concentration commonly found in the water column after oil spills (1 μl L(-1)) and copepod abundances in high productive coastal areas, copepods may defecate ∼ 1.3-2.6 mg-oil m(-3) d(-1), which would represent ∼ 0.15%-0.30% of the total dispersed oil per day. Our results indicate that ingestion and subsequent defecation of crude oil by planktonic copepods has a small influence on the overall mass of oil spills in the short term, but may be quantitatively important in the flux of oil from surface water to sediments and in the transfer of low-solubility, toxic petroleum hydrocarbons into food webs after crude oil spills in the sea.

  18. The chronic toxicity of molybdate to marine organisms. I. Generating reliable effects data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heijerick, D G; Regoli, L; Stubblefield, W

    2012-07-15

    A scientific research program was initiated by the International Molybdenum Association (IMOA) which addressed identified gaps in the environmental toxicity data for the molybdate ion (MoO(4)(2-)). These gaps were previously identified during the preparation of EU-REACH-dossiers for different molybdenum compounds (European Union regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances; EC, 2006). Evaluation of the open literature identified few reliable marine ecotoxicological data that could be used for deriving a Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) for the marine environment. Rather than calculating a PNEC(marine) using the assessment factor methodology on a combined freshwater/marine dataset, IMOA decided to generate sufficient reliable marine chronic data to permit derivation of a PNEC by means of the more scientifically robust species sensitivity distribution (SSD) approach (also called the statistical extrapolation approach). Nine test species were chronically exposed to molybdate (added as sodium molybdate dihydrate, Na(2)MoO(4)·2H(2)O) according to published standard testing guidelines that are acceptable for a broad range of regulatory purposes. The selected test organisms were representative for typical marine trophic levels: micro-algae/diatom (Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Dunaliella tertiolecta), macro-alga (Ceramium tenuicorne), mysids (Americamysis bahia), copepod (Acartia tonsa), fish (Cyprinodon variegatus), echinoderms (Dendraster exentricus, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) and molluscs (Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas). Available NOEC/EC(10) levels ranged between 4.4 mg Mo/L (blue mussel M. edulis) and 1174 mg Mo/L (oyster C. gigas). Using all available reliable marine chronic effects data that are currently available, a HC(5,50%) (median hazardous concentration affecting 5% of the species) of 5.74(mg Mo)/L was derived with the statistical extrapolation approach, a value that can be used for national and

  19. The kinematics of swimming and relocation jumps in copepod nauplii.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Marc Andersen Borg

    Full Text Available Copepod nauplii move in a world dominated by viscosity. Their swimming-by-jumping propulsion mode, with alternating power and recovery strokes of three pairs of cephalic appendages, is fundamentally different from the way other microplankters move. Protozoans move using cilia or flagella, and copepodites are equipped with highly specialized swimming legs. In some species the nauplius may also propel itself more slowly through the water by beating and rotating the appendages in a different, more complex pattern. We use high-speed video to describe jumping and swimming in nauplii of three species of pelagic copepods: Temora longicornis, Oithona davisae and Acartia tonsa. The kinematics of jumping is similar between the three species. Jumps result in a very erratic translation with no phase of passive coasting and the nauplii move backwards during recovery strokes. This is due to poorly synchronized recovery strokes and a low beat frequency relative to the coasting time scale. For the same reason, the propulsion efficiency of the nauplii is low. Given the universality of the nauplius body plan, it is surprising that they seem to be inefficient when jumping, which is different from the very efficient larger copepodites. A slow-swimming mode is only displayed by T. longicornis. In this mode, beating of the appendages results in the creation of a strong feeding current that is about 10 times faster than the average translation speed of the nauplius. The nauplius is thus essentially hovering when feeding, which results in a higher feeding efficiency than that of a nauplius cruising through the water.

  20. The reaction of European lobster larvae (Homarus gammarus) to different quality food: effects of ontogenetic shifts and pre-feeding history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoo, Katherina L; Aberle, Nicole; Malzahn, Arne M; Schmalenbach, Isabel; Boersma, Maarten

    2014-02-01

    Young larval stages of many organisms represent bottlenecks in the life-history of many species. The high mortality commonly observed in, for example, decapod larvae has often been linked to poor nutrition, with most studies focussing on food quantity. Here, we focus instead on the effects of quality and have investigated its effects on the nutritional condition of lobster larvae. We established a tri-trophic food chain consisting of the cryptophyte Rhodomonas salina, the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa and larvae of the European lobster Homarus gammarus. In a set of experiments, we manipulated the C:N:P stoichiometry of the primary producers, and accordingly those of the primary consumer. In a first experiment, R. salina was grown under N- and P-limitation and the nutrient content of the algae was manipulated by addition of the limiting nutrient to create a food quality gradient. In a second experiment, the effect on lobster larvae of long- and short-term exposure to food of varying quality during ontogenetic development was investigated. The condition of the lobster larvae was negatively affected even by subtle N- and P-nutrient limitations of the algae. Furthermore, younger lobster larvae were more vulnerable to nutrient limitation than older ones, suggesting an ontogenetic shift in the capacity of lobster larvae to cope with low quality food. The results presented here might have substantial consequences for the survival of lobster larvae in the field, as, in the light of future climate change and re-oligotrophication of the North Sea, lobster larvae might face marked changes in temperature and nutrient conditions, thus significantly altering their condition and growth.

  1. Multiple vs. single phytoplankton species alter stoichiometry of trophic interaction with zooplankton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plum, Christoph; Hüsener, Matthias; Hillebrand, Helmut

    2015-11-01

    Despite the progress made in explaining trophic interactions through the stoichiometric interplay between consumers and resources, it remains unclear how the number of species in a trophic group influences the effects of elemental imbalances in food webs. Therefore, we conducted a laboratory experiment to test the hypothesis that multispecies producer assemblages alter the nutrient dynamics in a pelagic community. Four algal species were reared in mono- and polycultures under a 2 x 2 factorial combination of light and nutrient supply, thereby contrasting the stoichiometry of trophic interactions involving single vs. multiple producer species. After 9 d, these cultures were fed to the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa, and we monitored biomass, resource use, and C:N:P stoichiometry in both phyto- and zooplankton. According to our expectations, light and N supply resulted in gradients of phytoplankton biomass and nutrient composition (C:N:P). Significant net diversity effects for algal biomass and C:N:P ratios reflected the greater responsiveness of the phytoplankton polyculture to altered resource supply compared to monocultures. These alterations of elemental ratios were common, and were partly triggered by changes in species frequency in the mixtures and partly by diversity-related changes in resource use. Copepod individual biomass increased under high light (HL) and N-reduced (-N) conditions, when food was high in C:N but low in C:P and N:P, whereas copepod growth was obviously P limited, and copepod stoichiometry was not affected by phytoplankton elemental composition. Correspondingly, copepod individual biomass reflected significant net diversity effects: compared to expectations- derived from monocultures, copepod individuals feeding on algal polycultures remained smaller than predicted under HL and N-sufficient (+N) conditions but grew larger than predicted under HL, -N and low light +N conditions. In conclusion, multiple producer species altered the

  2. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: A test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Penha-Lopes, G.; Torres, P.; Cannicci, S.;

    2011-01-01

    Tropical coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, have a great ecological and socioeconomic importance for adjacent systems and local populations, but intensive environmental impact monitoring is still lacking, mainly in East Africa. This study evaluated the potential anthropogenic disturbance...... on Palaemon concinnus population structure and fitness. Palaemon concinnus populations from one pen-urban (domestic sewage impacted) and two pristine mangrove creeks were studied by sampling nearly 100 shrimps per location every 15 days for 12 months. The shrimps at the pen-urban location were larger......, experienced longer reproductive periods, presented higher proportion of ovigerous females and better embryo quality when compared with shrimps inhabiting pristine locations. Physiological indices (RNA/DNA ratio) were similar between shrimps at pristine and pen-urban mangroves. However, a higher level...

  3. Distribution, abundance and vertical migration pattern of krill - Euphausia superba Dana at fishing area 58 of the Indian Ocean sector of Southern Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rathod, V.

    krill ( Euphausia superba ) 5637, krill juveniles 12, salps 6738, jellyfish 35, lanter n fish 2.2, squid 5 .7 and other fishes 2.7. Krill constituted 46% of the total catch while salps constituted 54%. A v erage catch, for krill worked out to be 354...

  4. Zooplankton studies with special reference to krill Euphausia superba Dana from fishing area 58 of Indian Ocean sector in Southern Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Rathod, V.

    and abundance, and their central position in the food web, they have attracted much attention. The salient characteristics of the distribution of euphausiids, especially E. superba , in the Southern Ocean is their patchiness and aggregation behaviour.... 135 ? 153. 9. Hampton, I., Abundance, distributi on and behaviour of Euphausia superba in the Southern Ocean between 15 ? and 30 ? during FIKEX. In Antarctic Nutrient Cycles and Food Webs (eds Sie g- fried, W. R., Condy, P. R. and Laws, R. M...

  5. Directional wave and temperature data from three buoys at San Nicolas Island, San Pedro and Dana Point, CA, January 2002 - June 2003 (NODC Accession 0001064)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) is an extensive network for monitoring waves along the coastlines of the United States, with a strong emphasis on our...

  6. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: A test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penha-Lopes, Gil, E-mail: gil.penha-lopes@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark); Torres, Paulo, E-mail: biol.paulo@gmail.co [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Cannicci, Stefano, E-mail: stefano.cannicci@unifi.i [Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, via Romana 17, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Narciso, Luis, E-mail: lfnarciso@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Paula, Jose, E-mail: jppaula@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal)

    2011-02-15

    Tropical coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, have a great ecological and socioeconomic importance for adjacent systems and local populations, but intensive environmental impact monitoring is still lacking, mainly in East Africa. This study evaluated the potential anthropogenic disturbance on Palaemon concinnus population structure and fitness. Palaemon concinnus populations from one peri-urban (domestic sewage impacted) and two pristine mangrove creeks were studied by sampling nearly 100 shrimps per location every 15 days for 12 months. The shrimps at the peri-urban location were larger, experienced longer reproductive periods, presented higher proportion of ovigerous females and better embryo quality when compared with shrimps inhabiting pristine locations. Physiological indices (RNA/DNA ratio) were similar between shrimps at pristine and peri-urban mangroves. However, a higher level of parasitation by a Bopyridae isopod, Pseudione elongata indicated some degree of stress on the host at the peri-urban mangrove, with potential effects on the host population dynamics. -Research highlights: Domestic sewage discharges at low concentrations increase fauna mangrove population parameters, due to the nutrient limitations. Shrimps in the peri-urban mangrove location were larger, had longer reproductive periods, higher ovigerous females proportions and better embryo. Physiological indice analysis (RNA/DNA ratio) between pristine and peri-urban mangroves. Within the peri-urban mangrove, high levels of parasitation by Pseudionee longata caused stress and potential effects on the host population dynamics. The effects of sewage on P. concinnus population increased the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal water. - The identification of the effects of the peri-urban conditions on P. concinnus increases the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal waters.

  7. Systematic status of the caridean families Gnathophyllidae Dana and Hymenoceridae Ortmann (Crustacea: Decapoda): a further examination based on molecular and morphological data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Zhibin; Li, Xinzheng; Kou, Qi; Chan, Tinyam; Chu, Kahou; Huang, Hui

    2015-01-01

    The four palaemonoid (sub)families Anchistioididae, Gnathophyllidae, Hymenoceridae, and Pontoniinae are similar in morphology, and all live in marine habitats. Their systematic relationships are controversial. In this study, we used sequences from a mitochondrial ribosomal gene (16S rRNA) and three nuclear genes (H3, NaK, and enolase) to explore the phylogenetic relationships of these four taxa. Our tree based on 43 species belonging to 28 genera shows that Gnathophyllidae and Hymenoceridae are nested within Pontoniinae. This result is consistent with evidence from larval morphology. The defining characteristics of Gnathophyllidae and Hymenoceridae, a vestigial or missing mandibular incisor process and a broadened third maxilliped, can also be found in Pontoniinae; conversely, on the basis of published species descriptions, gnathophyllids and hymenocerids meet most of the defining characteristics of Pontoniinae. The peculiar form of the third maxilliped in gnathophyllids and hymenocerids might be the result of adaptive evolution, as these particular features are also present in pontoniines. According to our phylogenetic tree, Anchistioididae are more remote from Pontoniinae, which is consistent with the distinct morphological differences in the pleopods. The pontoniine genera analyzed (together with Gnathophyllidae and Hymenoceridae) are divided into two clades. The members of Clade I exhibit primordial characteristics similar to those of the Palaemoninae, and might be direct descendants of the ancestor of the Pontoniinae; members of Clade II are more specialized.

  8. Directional wave and temperature data from thirteen buoys at San Nicolas Island, Dana Point and Oceanside, CA, 1997-2002 (NODC Accession 0000774)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) is an extensive network for monitoring waves along the coastlines of the United States, with a strong emphasis on our...

  9. Expansion and Return:Formalism in Dana Gioia's Poetry%扩展与回归——戴那·乔亚的诗歌形式观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查建明; 郑长贵

    2009-01-01

    作为"新形式主义"运动的代表人物,美国当代诗人和评论家戴那·乔亚在批判诗歌学院化导致"次文化"危机的同时倡导传统形武诗歌的创作.乔亚在诗歌形武方面的主张可以从"非个人化"的写作模式、"去精英化"的文化考量和"回归传统"的形式外观等三个方面加以认识.三方面相辅相成,都是为了扩展诗歌功能,使之回归主流文化.

  10. The chronic toxicity of molybdate to marine organisms. I. Generating reliable effects data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heijerick, D.G., E-mail: Dagobert.heijerick@arche-consulting.be [ARCHE - Assessing Risks of Chemicals, Stapelplein 70 Bus 104, Gent (Belgium); Regoli, L. [International Molybdenum Association, 4 Heathfield Terrace, London, W4 4JE (United Kingdom); Stubblefield, W. [Oregon State University, Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, 421 Weniger Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States)

    2012-07-15

    A scientific research program was initiated by the International Molybdenum Association (IMOA) which addressed identified gaps in the environmental toxicity data for the molybdate ion (MoO{sub 4}{sup 2-}). These gaps were previously identified during the preparation of EU-REACH-dossiers for different molybdenum compounds (European Union regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances; EC, 2006). Evaluation of the open literature identified few reliable marine ecotoxicological data that could be used for deriving a Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) for the marine environment. Rather than calculating a PNEC{sub marine} using the assessment factor methodology on a combined freshwater/marine dataset, IMOA decided to generate sufficient reliable marine chronic data to permit derivation of a PNEC by means of the more scientifically robust species sensitivity distribution (SSD) approach (also called the statistical extrapolation approach). Nine test species were chronically exposed to molybdate (added as sodium molybdate dihydrate, Na{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O) according to published standard testing guidelines that are acceptable for a broad range of regulatory purposes. The selected test organisms were representative for typical marine trophic levels: micro-algae/diatom (Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Dunaliella tertiolecta), macro-alga (Ceramium tenuicorne), mysids (Americamysis bahia), copepod (Acartia tonsa), fish (Cyprinodon variegatus), echinoderms (Dendraster exentricus, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) and molluscs (Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas). Available NOEC/EC{sub 10} levels ranged between 4.4 mg Mo/L (blue mussel M. edulis) and 1174 mg Mo/L (oyster C. gigas). Using all available reliable marine chronic effects data that are currently available, a HC{sub 5,50%} (median hazardous concentration affecting 5% of the species) of 5.74 (mg Mo)/L was derived with the statistical extrapolation approach, a

  11. Environmental cues and constraints affecting the seasonality of dominant calanoid copepods in brackish, coastal waters: a case study of Acartia, Temora and Eurytemora species in the south-west Baltic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diekmann, A. Berenike S.; Clemmesen, Catriona; St. John, Michael A.;

    2012-01-01

    Information on physiological rates and tolerances helps one gain a cause-and-effect understanding of the role that some environmental (bottom–up) factors play in regulating the seasonality and productivity of key species. We combined the results of laboratory experiments on reproductive success...

  12. Variación estacional de la producción de huevos del copépodo calanoideo Centropages furcatus (Dana, 1852 en la Bahía de La Paz, México Seasonal variability of egg production rates of calanoid copepod Centropages furcatus (Dana, 1852 in Bahia de La Paz, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Hernández-Trujillo

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Se estimó la tasa de producción de huevos (TPH para Centropages furcatus en la Bahía de la Paz, Baja California Sur, México, durante 2003. Esta especie es una de las más abundantes y frecuentes de los copépodos en la zona. La estimación en carbono de la producción de huevos fue máxima en verano (1.20 ± 0.7 µg C hembra-¹ d-1 y mínima en primavera (0.58 ± 0.42 µg C hembra-1 d-1. La mayor longitud del prosoma (LP fue registrada en verano (1.15 ± 0.05 mm y la menor en otoño (1.01 ± 0.04 mm. No hubo correlación significativa entre LP y TPH con la concentración de clorofila a (Cl a ni con la temperatura superficial del mar (TSM. En invierno, primavera y verano la TSM fue menor a 23.2 °C, a diferencia de otoño que presentó TSM mayores a 27 °C. En relación a la Cl a, tanto en invierno, primavera y otoño los valores fueron menores a 1 mg m-3, mientras que en verano fueron mayores a 3 mg m-3. Aunque la correlación no fue significativa (p >0.05 entre los parámetros biológicos y las variables ambientales, la especie presentó valores altos de LP y TPH en verano cuando la TSM fue baja y la concentración de Cl a fue la más alta.The egg production rate (EPR was estimated for Centropages furcatus in Bahia de La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico during 2003. This species is one of the most abundant and frequent copepod in the zone. The highest egg production in carbon estimations for C. furcatus were observed in summer (1.20 ± 0.7 µg C female-1 d-1 and the lowest was found during spring (0.58 ± 0.42 µg C female-1 d-1. The longest prosome length (PL was registered in summer (1.15 ± 0.05 mm and the shorter during autumn (1.01 ± 0.04 mm. No significant correlation was found in a daily base between EPR and PL with chlorophyll a (Chl a concentration neither the sea surface temperature (SST. In temporal scale, in winter, spring and summer the SST was low (27 °C. Chl a was low (3 mg m-3. Although the correlation was non significant between the biological parameters and the environmental variables (p> 0.05, the species showed high values of LP and TPH in summer when SST were low and the concentration of Chl a was high.

  13. Bibliography of Publications 1979-1985, Reports 1955-1985, Theses 1978-1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-05-01

    Small. 1979. Long-term food modification by Acartia clausi: a preliminary view. Marine Biology 52:129-136. Donaghay, P. L. and L. F. Small. 1979. Food...1979. Long-term food modification by Acartia clausi: a preliminary view. Marine Biology 52:129-136. Donaghay, P. L. and L. F. Small. 1979. Food

  14. Checklist of copepods from Gulf of Nicoya, Coronado Bay and Golfo Dulce, Pacific coast of Costa Rica, with comments on their distribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales-Ramírez, A

    1996-12-01

    also observed, but the separation of the species was not so evident. Outer stations were represented by oceanic species like Paracalanus aculeatus, Pleuromamma gracilis, Lucicutia ovalis, Candacia catula, Euchaeta wolfendeni and Oncaea mediterranea, while the inner station, located at the upper part of the Gulf, was more characterized by a mixed copepod group, with both neritic species like Pseudodiaptomus wrigthi, Acartia danae, A. clausi, Canthocalanus pauper as well as oceanic species like Scolicithricella marginata, Saphirina nicromaculata or Oncaea conifera. Two species of Coryceaus, C. flaccus and C. speciosus, were identified in the outer stations of Golfo Dulce, while C. brehmi was found in inner stations of Gulf of Nicoya. The majority of copepods found are typical of the east Pacific. This paper constitutes an additional work about the copepods in the Gulf of Nicoya and the first report of copepod species for Coronado Bay and Golfo Dulce.

  15. 77 FR 103 - JD Products, LLC; Notice of Intent To File License Application, Filing of Pre-Application...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... Suites by Hilton Hotel Doheny Beach--Dana Point, 34402 Pacific Coast Highway, Dana Point, California... p.m. Location: DoubleTree Suites by Hilton Hotel Doheny Beach--Dana Point, 34402 Pacific Coast... pre-filing activity that incorporates the time frames provided for in Part 5 of the...

  16. Multibeam collection for DANA06RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2004-02-09 to 2004-03-09, departing from Puerto Caldera, Costa Rica and returning to Mazatlan, Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  17. Multibeam collection for DANA01RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2003-09-27 to 2003-10-09, departing from San Diego, CA and returning to Puerto Caldera, Costa Rica

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  18. Reply to "Comment on: Structure, transport, and vertical coherence of the Gulf Stream from the Straits of Florida to the Southeast Newfoundland Ridge, by Meinen and Luther" by Dana K. Savidge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meinen, Christopher S.; Luther, Douglas S.

    2016-06-01

    Savidge (2016) raises a concern about how the spatial averaging embodied in our Gulf Stream analysis of vertical coherence (Meinen and Luther, 2016) might contribute to the low coherence found. This response addresses the concerns raised in the Savidge (2016) short comment.

  19. Multibeam collection for DANA07RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2004-03-11 to 2004-04-01, departing from Mazatlan, Mexico and returning to San Diego, CA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  20. A música demoníaca de Adrian Leverkühn como síntese da danação romântica da arte moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryson José Siqueira Borges

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A idéia central deste artigo é apontar o papel fundamental de alguns aspectos do pensamento romântico na compreensão da relação entre artista e sociedade, exposta criticamente por Thomas Mann em seu romance Doktor Faustus. Nessa perspectiva, considera-se que uma exacerbação deformadora da tradição romântica - nos moldes em que ela é sugerida no romance e na trajetória do protagonista, o músico Adrian Leverkühn - é, enquanto ponto em comum da avaliação de Mann sobre o papel social do artista, sobre o caráter hermético da estética moderna e a decadência existencial e artística do protagonista do romance, um aspecto decisivo para entendimento da problematização da relação entre arte e sociedade ali apresentada. A estrutura do artigo propõe o entendimento da relevância desta influência romântica nos rumos da arte moderna a partir de três ângulos distintos e complementares. Nomeadamente: as considerações estéticas e políticas do intelectual Thomas Mann; as relações entre o Romantismo e a dissolução do sistema tonal na música moderna e, por fim, o intelectualismo estéril e mudo da arte de Leverkühn. A idéia desta divisão é, pois, passando pela dimensão sócio-política da reflexão crítica (auto-avaliação do autor e pela dimensão estética (as transformações dentro do sistema tonal da música erudita, contemplar os dois elementos fundamentais que estruturam o romance e vislumbrar mais nitidamente a proposição crítica da elaboração literária de tais questões.

  1. Reply to "Comment on 'Cosmic-ray-driven reaction and greenhouse effect of halogenated molecules: Culprits for atmospheric ozone depletion and global climate change' by Dana Nuccitelli et al."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Q.-B.

    2014-04-01

    In the Comment by Nuccitelli et al., they make many false and invalid criticisms of the CFC-warming theory in my recent paper, and claim that their anthropogenic forcings including CO2 would provide a better explanation of the observed global mean surface temperature (GMST) data over the past 50 years. First, their arguments for no significant discrepancy between modeled and observed GMST changes and for no pause in recent global warming contradict the widely accepted fact and conclusion that were reported in the recent literature extensively. Second, their criticism that the key data used in my recent paper would be "outdated" and "flawed" is untrue as these data are still used in the recent or current literature including the newest (2013) IPCC Report and there is no considerable difference between the UK Met Office HadRCUT3 and HadRCUT4 GMST datasets. The use of even more recently computer-reconstructed total solar irradiance data (whatever have large uncertainties) for the period prior to 1976 would not change any of the conclusions in my paper, where quantitative analyses were emphasized on the influences of humans and the Sun on global surface temperature after 1970 when direct measurements became available. For the latter, the solar effect has been well shown to play only a negligible role in global surface temperature change since 1970, which is identical to the conclusion made in the 2013 IPCC Report. Third, their argument that the solar effect would not play a major role in the GMST rise of 0.2°C during 1850-1970 even contradicts the data and conclusion presented in a recent paper published in their Skeptical Science by Nuccitelli himself. Fourth, their comments also indicate their lack of understandings of the basic radiation physics of the Earth system as well as of the efficacies of different greenhouse gases in affecting global surface temperature. Their listed "methodological errors" are either trivial or non-existing. Fifth, their assertion that "the climate system takes centuries to millennia to fully equilibrate" is lack of scientific basis. Finally, their model calculations including an additional fitting parameter do not reduce the discrepancy with observed GMST data even after their adjustments. Instead, their modeled results give a sharp GMST rise over the past 16 years, which obviously disagrees with the observed data.

  2. Multibeam collection for DANA02RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2003-10-10 to 2003-11-06, departing from Puntarenas, Costa Rica and returning to Manta, Ecuador

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  3. Multibeam collection for DANA03RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2003-11-10 to 2003-11-26, departing from Manta, Ecuador and returning to Arica, Chile

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  4. An Overview of Ecological Processes in the Rio de la Plata Estuary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acha, M.; Mianzan, H.

    2005-05-01

    The Rio de la Plata, one of the most important estuarine environments in South America, is characterized by a salt-wedge regime. Large extension and shallow water depth make the estuary highly susceptible to atmospheric forcing. The estuary is a highly productive area, which sustain important artisanal and coastal fisheries in Uruguay and Argentina, mainly based on the whitemouth croaker, Micropogonias furnieri. The main goal of this paper is to summarize recent knowledge on this system, integrating physical, chemical and biological studies. This estuary is characterized by strong vertical salinity stratification, with marine waters (saltier and denser) penetrating deeper into the estuary along the bottom, while fresh waters advance ocean-ward on the surface, forming a salt wedge. The upstream reach of the salt wedge defines a bottom salinity fronts, whose location is controlled by the topography, a submerged shoal called Barra del Indio and at the opposite area, the convergence between the estuarine and marine waters define a surface salinity front. The convergence of water masses and the strong picnoclines at the head of the salt wedge produce the accumulation and retention of plankton, including the eggs of those fishes that concentrate here to spawn (e.g. Micropogonias furnieri and Brevoortia aurea) and even debris. High turbidity constrains here photosynthetic production and food chains are probably detritus based, supporting high densities of Acartia tonsa (Copepoda) and Neomysis americana (Mysid), both omnivorous species that complete its entire life-cycle within the estuary. In agreement, heterotophic microzooplankton is abundant. Moreover, high deposition of suspended matter support dense beds of the deposit feeding clams Mactra isabelleana. As soon as the water become less turbid, an extremely high chlorophyll signal is observed. The largest portion of the salt wedge regime (more than 200 km) is characterized by dense plankton aggregations below the

  5. Copepods of the nearshore waters of Bombay

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gajbhiye, S.N.; Stephen, R.; Nair, V.R.; Desai, B.N.

    towards the shore during the flood period and an reverse pattern during the ebb period. Sixty eight species were recorded from the area. Acartia spinicauda, Acrocalanus similis and Paracalanus crassirostris were the most common species. Species assemblage...

  6. The Department of the Navy Systems Engineering Career Competency Model (SECCM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-13

    CA May 13, 2015 1 Presented by: Professor Cliff Whitcomb, Rabia Khan, Jessica Delgado, Dr. Dana Grambow, Paul Walter, Juli Alexander and Corina...Psychologist Dana.grambow@opm.gov Rabia Khan Naval Postgraduate School Research Associate, Dept. of SE rhkhan@nps.edu Paul Walter Ashore

  7. Osteopontin CD44 Interaction: A Novel Mechanism for the Selective Homing of Breast Tumor Cells into Bone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-06-01

    Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Department of Medicine, cellular signal transduction molecules. Antagonistic to...metastatic brain cancers Georg F. Weberl’ 2* and Samy Ashkar3 ’Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USA

  8. Improve Leadership Quality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    About the Authors Dana Telford is a researcher and guest lecturer at Harvard University and a management consultant with clients in North and South America, the Middle East, and Europe. Dana has appeared on numerous television and radio programs. He earned an MBA from Harvard Business School and has rich experience in business management.

  9. School Improvement Change Grant Community Survey, Final Report. A Report to Toluca Community Unit School District #2, El Paso Community Unit School District #375, Lowpoint-Washburn Community Unit School District #21, Minonk-Dana-Rutland Community Unit School District #108, and Roanoke-Benson Community Unit School District #60.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, Patricia A.; And Others

    This report presents the results of a collaborative study undertaken by five rural, unit school districts in Illinois to provide data to be used in planning for school improvement. Information was gathered from on-site visits by teams of constituents from other districts and through a survey of perceptions of local community persons regarding…

  10. Antička baština samostana sv. Frane u Splitu

    OpenAIRE

    Cambi, Nenad

    2005-01-01

    Na mjestu današnjega franjevačkog samostana sv. Frane u Splitu otkriveno je nekoliko starokršćanskih spomenika: dva natpisa (danas izgubljena), sarkofag s prikazom motiva Prelaska Izraelaca preko Crvenoga mora, fragment s prikazom Krista i apostola te najvjerojatnije i motivom Davida i Golijata, pilastar s urezanim križem, fragment akroterija sarkofaga s križem te omanji fragment pluteja s ljiljanom. Današnja crkva sv. Frane uništila je prethodni samostan i crkvu, koje je u XI. st. podigao sp...

  11. Compound list: danazol [Open TG-GATEs

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available danazol DNZ 00127 ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/open-tggates/LATEST/Human/in_vitro/dana...zol.Human.in_vitro.Liver.zip ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/open-tggates/LATEST/Rat/in_vitro/dana...zol.Rat.in_vitro.Liver.zip ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/open-tggates/LATEST/Rat/in_vivo/Liver/Single/dana...zol.Rat.in_vivo.Liver.Single.zip ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/open-tggates/LATEST/Rat/in_vivo/Liver/Repeat/danazol.Rat.in_vivo.Liver.Repeat.zip ...

  12. ANALISIS YURIDIS AKAD TABARRU’ DAN AKAD TIJARAH DALAM PRODUK UNIT LINK SYARIAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Destri Budi Nugraheni

    2016-11-01

    Polis unit link syariah PT. AXA Financial Indonesia, PT. Prudential Life Assurance, dan PT. Takaful Keluarga, belum sepenuhnya mencantumkan hal-hal dalam akad tabarru’ sesuai ketentuan Fatwa DSN dan Peraturan Menteri Keuangan Nomor 18/PMK.010/2010 yaitu terkait hak dan kewajiban peserta secara kolektif. Akad tijarah yang dipergunakan adalah akad wakalah bil ujrah yang berisi pemberian kuasa kepada perusahaan sebagai wakil pemegang polis untuk mengelola Dana Tabarru’ dan atau dana investasi, dengan imbalan berupa ujrah. Perusahaan selaku penerima kuasa pengelolaan dana investasi tidak bertanggung jawab terhadap kerugian investasi dikarenakan pemegang polis telah memilih jenis investasi dan mengetahui risiko dari jenis investasi tersebut.

  13. A study on the zooplankton of the Burhabalanga Estuary, Orissa Coast

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ramaiah, Neelam; Chatterji, A; Madhupratap, M.

    the stations during October 1991 as a result of a mysid swarm. Copepoda was generally the most abundant group. The copepods Pseudodiaptomus bowmani, P. sewelli, Acartia tropica and A. bowmani are recorded for the first time from the east coast of India....

  14. Outdoor rearing facilities of free spawning calanoid copepods for turbot larva can host a bank of resting eggs in the sediment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Blanda, Elisa; Drillet, Guillaume;

    2016-01-01

    match the larval needs. When turbot larvae reach metamorphosis and are transferred indoor for weaning, the outdoor tank sediments may reveal vast amounts of copepod eggs undergoing dormancy. Here, we report a copepod species succession firstly among Centropages hamatus and then Acartia spp. both...

  15. How Do I Deal with Depression and Adjustment to My Spinal Cord Injury?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. 20201. Grantees undertaking projects under government sponsorship are ... Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation is a registered 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization

  16. Seasonal fluctuations in the occurrence of Cladocera in the Mandovi-Zuari estuarine waters of Goa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Goswami, S.C.; Devassy, V.P.

    .78). Evadne tergestina Claus and Penilia avirostris Dana were the 2 major species representing cladoceran population, the former being dominant (85.88%). Both the species were characterisEd. by seasonality in distribution. Distribution patterns of each species...

  17. [Reaction of the uterine wall on IUD of abnormal positioning and size].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesit, V

    1973-05-01

    The reliability of an IUD was examined in 9 women 1-7 days prior to hysterectomy or supracervical amputation of the uterus. An extra large Dana, Dana super, or Dana cor was inserted. All the women complained of hypogastric pains; in 2 cases, the IUD was removed after only a few hours. After the surgery, the uterus was prepared for histological verification of the effects of the IUD. Significant deformation of the uterine wall was found, especially in the region of the cervix and corpus uteri. This was particularly marked with the Dana super, which also caused a rotary deformation. There were changes seen in the IUD itself as well. The results show that an excessively large or incorrectly positioned IUD will cause pronounced deformation of the corpus, uterine cavity and of the cervix with subsequent pains, staining, and expulsion.

  18. Secondhand Smoke: What It Means to You

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in a another room ■ Working in any restaurant, warehouse, or building that allows smoking inside, even if ... report, CDC; Dana Shelton, Associate Director for Policy, Planning and Coordination, Office on Smoking and Health, CDC; ...

  19. 76 FR 67402 - Performance Review Board Appointments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ..., Douglas; Barnes, Rex; Coale, Dana; Earnest, Darryl; Epstein, Robert; Keeney, Robert; King, Ellen; McEvoy..., C. Wayne; Hubbs, Michael; Jordan, Leonard; Kramer, Anthony; Kunze, Stephen; Lawrence, Douglas..., Sevin; Gibson, Paul; Hammond, Andrew; Hefferan, Colien; Kappes, Steven; King, Jr., Edgar;...

  20. Libraries in Vermont: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: https://medlineplus.gov/libraries/vermont.html Libraries in Vermont To use the sharing features on ... enable JavaScript. Burlington University of Vermont Dana Medical Library 81 Colchester Avenue Burlington, VT 05405-0068 802- ...

  1. Seasonal variation of pteropods from the Western Arabian Sea sediment trap

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mohan, R.; Verma, K.; Mergulhao, L.P.; Sinha, D.K.; Shanvas, S.; Guptha, M.V.S.

    ), the Deutsche Tiefsee Expedition Valdivia (Meisenheimer 1905), the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition (Tesch 1910), the John Murray Expedition (Stubbings 1937), the Dana cruises (Tesch 1948), the Umikata Maru Expedition (Taki and Okutani 1962...

  2. Workplace/Women's Place: An Anthology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Dana

    The following papers are included: "Foreword" (Paula England); "Introduction to the Study of Women and Work" (Dana Dunn); "Gender Culture and Socialization" (Rita Mae Kelly); "Parental Influence and Women's Careers" (Sue Joan Mendelson Freeman); "Shortchanging Girls: Gender Socialization in…

  3. The Policy Implications of the Cost Structure of HHAs

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — In a new report, Dr. Dana Mukamel and colleagues reveal their analysis of the costs of home-care agencies. Using Cost Reports and the Home Health Compare (HHC)...

  4. Genetics and the Brain

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gene: a spiral of DNA that superintends its construction out of amino acids. In recent decades, genetic ... inbox. Subscribe Now Privacy Policy × × --> © 2017 The Dana Foundation. All Rights Reserved. 505 Fifth Avenue, 6th floor ...

  5. Reference: 761 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1 reveals a connection between vegetative osmotic stress sensing and seed maturation. 4 1101-17 18441212 2008 Apr The Plant cell Quirino Betania F|Sussman Michael R|Wohlbach Dana J

  6. 75 FR 22175 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ..., James Layfield, Dana O. Lundgren, Raymond Meza, Robert L. Moore, Charles Noll, George H. Southland... conditions: James H. Bailey, Johnny J. Campbell, Malcolm J. Celestine, Dale G. Darling, Keith E....

  7. 78 FR 20935 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... Lantern, Dana Point, CA 92629. 92629. Orange (FEMA Docket No.: B- City of San Juan The Honorable Larry.... Box Fort Collins, CO 1190, Fort Collins, CO 80521. 80522. Florida: Bay (FEMA Docket No.: B-1280)....

  8. Analisis Yuridis Pendirian Lembaga Perbankan di ASEAN Dikaitkan dengan Asas Resiprokal

    OpenAIRE

    Sitorus, Ritcat Hamonangan

    2016-01-01

    Lembaga perbankan sebagai salah satu subjek hukum perdagangan internasional mempunyai nilai strategis dalam perekonomian suatu negara. Lembaga tersebut dimaksudkan sebagai perantara pihak-pihak yang mempunyai kelebihan dana (surplus of funds) dengan pihak-pihak yang memerlukan dana (lack of funds)dalam tataran nasional bahkan multinasional. Proses pelaksanaan fungsi strategis tersebut pada kawasan ASEAN terganggu dengan berbagai tantangan maupun hambatan regulasi yang dialami negara home coun...

  9. Morphological and morphometrical analysis of Heterodera spp. populations in Jordan

    OpenAIRE

    Lafi, Hamzeh A.; Al-Banna, Luma; Sadder, Monther T.; Hussein M. Migdadi

    2015-01-01

    Phenotypic diversity of five Jordanian populations of cyst nematodes, Heterodera spp. collected from five regions from Jordan (Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana, Al-Karak, and Jerash) was investigated. Soil samples were collected from one representative field in each region. Morphological and morphometrical characteristics revealed that Heterodera latipons is dominated in cereal fields at Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana and Al-Karak regions and Heterodera schachtii in Jerash. Cysts populations from all cereal ...

  10. A Better Way to Excise Inhibitory Molecules (CSPGs) from a Spinal Cord Injury Scar to Promote Regeneration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    enormous   emotional ,  social,  and  financial  cost  to   individuals  and  to  society.    Despite  much  needed...010 Agency: Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation Aims: identification and manipulation of inhibitory microdomains of glial scar neurocan in...Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation Aims: To determine if the kinesin-5 inhibitor, monastrol, attenuates CSPG-induced axonal inhibition. 36

  11. 46 CFR 7.120 - Mexican/United States border to Point Fermin, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... “5”); thence to Point Loma Light. (b) A line drawn from Mission Bay South Jetty Light “2” to Mission Bay North Jetty Light “1”. (c) A line drawn from Oceanside South Jetty Light “4” to Oceanside Breakwater Light “3”. (d) A line drawn from Dana Point Jetty Light “6” to Dana Point Breakwater Light “5”....

  12. Seasonal cycles of zooplankton from San Francisco Bay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ambler, Julie W.; Cloern, James E.; Hutchinson, Anne

    1985-01-01

    The two estuarine systems composing San Francisco Bay have distinct zooplankton communities and seasonal population dynamics. In the South Bay, a shallow lagoon-type estuary, the copepods Acartia spp. and Oithona davisae dominate. As in estuaries along the northeast coast of the U.S., there is a seasonal succession involving the replacement of a cold-season Acartia species (A. clausi s.l.) by a warm-season species (A. californiensis), presumably resulting from the differential production and hatching of dormant eggs. Oithona davisae is most abundant during the fall. Copepods of northern San Francisco Bay, a partially-mixed estuary of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Rivers, organize into discrete populations according to salinity distribution: Sinocalanus doerrii (a recently introduced species) at the riverine boundary, Eurytemora affinis in the oligohaline mixing zone, Acartia spp. in polyhaline waters (18–30\\%), and neritic species (e.g., Paracalanus parvus) at the seaward boundary. Sinocalanus doerrii and E. affinis are present year-round. Acartia clausi s.l.is present almost year-round in the northern reach, and A. californiensis occurs only briefly there in summer-fall. The difference in succession of Acartia species between the two regions of San Francisco Bay may reflect differences in the seasonal temperature cycle (the South Bay warms earlier), and the perennial transport of A. clausi s.l. into the northern reach from the seaward boundary by nontidal advection.

  13. Nomothetic outcome assessment in counseling and psychotherapy: Development and preliminary psychometric analyses of the Depression/Anxiety Negative Affect Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott T. Meier

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Negative affect (NA plays a significant role in the initiation, persistence, and response to psychotherapy of many client problems (Moses & Barlow, 2006. This report describes the development of a brief NA measure, the Depression/Anxiety Negative Affect (DANA scale, and preliminary analyses of its psychometric properties. An initial pool of DANA items was selected on the basis of a review of relevant literature about emotion science and counseling outcomes, related tests, and feedback from psychotherapists as part of a pilot test. The DANA was evaluated in two representative clinical samples where psychotherapists produced a total of 363 session ratings with 81 clients. DANA scores evidenced adequate internal consistency, evidence of convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change over the course of psychotherapy. Effect sizes (ES of DANA scores consistently equaled or exceeded the average ES of .68 found for scales assessing the outcomes of counseling and psychotherapy in meta-analytic studies (Smith & Glass, 1977. ESs greater than 1 were found on DANA variables for clients whose therapists rated them as experiencing, rather than avoiding, NA.

  14. Biochemical composition of copepods for evaluation of feed quality in production of juvenile marine fish

    OpenAIRE

    van der Meeren, Terje; Olsen, Rolf Erik; Hamre, Kristin; Fyhn, Hans Jørgen

    2007-01-01

    To increase current knowledge on the nutritional value of natural prey organisms, the biochemical components of mainly three copepods (Acartia grani, Centropages hamatus, and Eurytemora affinis) from a marine pond system were analysed once a week from spring until late fall, over two years. The analysed components were total lipid, lipid class composition, total lipid fatty acid composition, free amino acids, total protein, protein-bound amino acids, pigment (astaxanthin and ß-carotene), and ...

  15. Tafsir Aparatur terhadap “Sisi Gelap” Pengelolaan Keuangan Daerah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Achdiar Redy Setiawan

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to uncover the actual practices of local government financial management in the smallest scope, namely SKPD (local government work units. This research focuses on the meaning of “the dark side”(a reality which stands behind the formal procedures and documentation that are displayed from the actors who are government apparatus. Hermeneutics Gadamerian was chosen as the research methodology. Tracesof "fraud" pivots on what is termed "Dana Taktis”. Actors interpreted the mechanism of "Dana Taktis" not as a form of fraud. This was based on the fact that existing internal procedures of “Dana Taktis” practices on SKPD was not hidden. All parties recognnised each other as parts ofa system. We name this phenomena as “system-driven (un fraud”

  16. Hematološke promjene izazvane dimetoatom u štakora

    OpenAIRE

    K Reena; K Ajay; Sharma, C. B.

    1989-01-01

    Kronični učinci subletalne doze organskofosfornog insekticida dimetoata (150 mg/kg tjelesne težine injiciranog intraperitonealno svakog drugog dana), na sastojke krvi u štakora proučavani su nakon 15 do 30 dana tretmana. Značajan pad zamijećen je u postotku hemoglobina, broju eritrocita, leukocita i vrijednosti hematokrita. Nivo glukoze u krvi, kolesterola, ureje, ukupnog bilirubina i aktivnosti glutamin-oksalacetat transaminaze, glutaminpiruvičke transaminaze i amilaze značajno su porasli na...

  17. Povećana stopa doniranja organa u kliničkoj bolnici sestara milosrdnica

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Stopa donacije organa je mjerilo razvijenosti zemlje. Kako bi se ta razina povećala, u Hrvatskoj su poduzete određene mjere. Posljedično je zamijećen stalan porast potencijalnih donora u kojih je potvrđena moždana smrt. Prikazujemo stalan porast razine donora od 2004. do 2008. godine. Analizirani su podaci svih potencijalnih donora u kojih je proveden postupak potvrđivanja moždane smrti. Izračunat je postotak broja donora u odnosu na osobe u kojih je dijagnosticirana moždana smrt te u odnosu ...

  18. Controllability of Complex Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slotine, Jean-Jacques

    2013-03-01

    We review recent work on controllability of complex systems. We also discuss the interplay of our results with questions of synchronization, and point out key directions of future research. Work done in collaboration with Yang-Yu Liu, Center for Complex Network Research and Departments of Physics, Computer Science and Biology, Northeastern University and Center for Cancer Systems Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; and Albert-László Barabási, Center for Complex Network Research and Departments of Physics, Computer Science and Biology, Northeastern University; Center for Cancer Systems Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; and Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School.

  19. SUVREMENI TRENDOVI RATE I YIELD MANAGEMENT HOTELA S NAGLASKOM NA WEB BOOKING

    OpenAIRE

    Šimunić, Maja

    2013-01-01

    Današnje tržište i razvoj tehnologije u vidu hotelskih softwerskih rješenja kao i website-ova koji sudjeluju u prodaji kapaciteta pojedinih hotela ili lanaca hotela u potpunosti determiniraju poslovnu politiku u vidu kreiranja cijena s obzirom na sezonu, popunjenost kapaciteta, dana u tjednu, dužinu boravka, akcija i sl. Jedan od najvećih izazova je redovno postavljanje trenutno aktualnih cijena na booking site-ove kao što su booking.com, hrs.com, expedia.com i sl. Zašto? Zato što svaka prom...

  20. Use of phytoplankton pigments in estimating food selection of three marine copepods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oechsler-Christensen, B.; Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Henriksen, P.;

    2012-01-01

    . Traditional grazing experiments were carried out in parallel with pigment analysis in experiments where the copepod A. tonsa was exposed to a mixture of food organisms. The results demonstrated that the two methods gave similar results with regard to food selection and that with certain precautions, pigment...... analysis can be successfully used in food selection studies......Experiments were carried out to test the use of algal pigments in zooplankton grazing studies with a special emphasis on estimation of food selection. The results demonstrated that pigment composition of the phytoplankton food was reflected closely in the three copepod species Centropages typicus...

  1. Flexibility Is Keynote of Rutgers Library Addition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Building Design and Construction, 1976

    1976-01-01

    The Dana Library on the Newark campus of Rutgers University is undergoing an expansion that will approximately double its size. A multipurpose structure is being constructed that could be utilized for classrooms and administrative offices, as well as library space. (Author/MLF)

  2. Penyelesaian Sengketa Perdata Antara Nasabah Dengan Bank Melalui Mediasi Perbankan

    OpenAIRE

    Syarifah Lisa Andriati

    2008-01-01

    Sektor perbankan memiliki posisi yang strategis sebagai lembaga intermediasi. Dalam menjalankan kegiatannya bank membutuhkan kepercayaan serta dukungan dari masyarakat. Oleh karenanya sudah seharusnya bank memberikan perlindungan hukum terhadap hak-hak masyarakat khususnya hak nasabah. Bank sebagai suatu lembaga yang menghimpun dan menyalurkan dana masyarakat dapat menimbulkan suatu hubungan hukum yang berpotensi mengakibatkan terjadinya sengketa antara nasabah dan bank. Salah satu bentuk per...

  3. 77 FR 66439 - Initiation of Five-Year (“Sunset”) Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-05

    ...: Effective Date: November 1, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: The Department official identified in the... Assessment Rate in Certain Antidumping Duty Proceedings; Final Modification, 77 FR 8101 (February 14, 2012.... Products (2nd Review). A-549-817 731-TA-907 Thailand Certain Hot-Rolled Dana Mermelstein, Carbon Steel...

  4. Distribution of scolecithricidae (Copepoda: Calanoida) in the Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gopalakrishnan, T.C.; Devi, K.S.

    .7, and 5.1% of the total numbers of specimens of Scolecithricidae collected respectively. High density areas of S. danae were found scattered between 15 degrees N and 15 degrees S latitudes, especially along the African coast. S. bradyi and S. echinatus...

  5. 78 FR 39256 - Initiation of Five-Year (“Sunset”) Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    ......... China Laminated Woven Sacks Jennifer Moats (1st Review). (202) 482-5047 C-570-917 701-TA-450....... China Laminated Woven Sacks Dana Mermelstein (1st Review). (202) 482-1391 A-570-875 731-TA-990....... China Non-Malleable Cast Jennifer Moats Iron Pipe Fittings (202) 482-5047 (2nd Review). A-570-925...

  6. EST Table: BB986378 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BB986378 E_ET_MSV3_16H05_F_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 57 %/111 aa ref|XP_001663157.1| atlas...tin [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT45634.1| atlastin [Aedes aegypti] 10/08/28 58 %/111 aa FBpp0120409|DanaGF1721

  7. Focus on Collaborative Learning. Classroom Practices in Teaching English, 1988.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golub, Jeff; And Others

    Written by English teachers considered successful in directing collaborative learning, this collection of essays focuses on the effective use of collaborative learning in the English language arts classroom. The essays and their authors are, as follows: (1) "None of Us Is as Smart as All of Us" (Dana Herreman); (2) "Collaborative…

  8. Proconsuls and CINCs from the Roman Republic to the Republic of the United States of America: Lessons for the Pax Americana

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    2000, sec. A, p. 18. 4 Dana Priest, "Standing up to State and Congress." Washington Post, 30 September 2000, sec. A, p. 1. 5 Isaac Asimov , The Roman...108 Cronin, 1. 49 BIBLIOGRAPHY Roman Sources Asimov , Isaac . The Roman Republic. Boston: Houghton Mifflin

  9. Proceedings of the Tripartite Conference on Submarine Medicine (3rd)-- France, United Kingdom, and United States, 9-10 May 1983

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-01

    been associated with workers exposed from 2 to 10 PPM So in paper mills and many studies have concluded that at or below 2 PPM can "ontribute to...que .d’habitude et en particulier d𔃻prouver des difficultfu dana la conduite automobile de nuit . Lea m~decins qui examinaient ces aujets, en g~n~ral

  10. Air Land Sea Bulletin, Issue No. 2013-2, Joint Close Air Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    Charlie – South, Delta – West, and Echo – center anchor point. Distance is given in nautical miles. Distances from point Echo are “no closer than...Eppley, USAF Maj Albert Denney, USAF Air LTC Stephen Parker , USA Lt Col Steve Lloyd, USAF LTC Dana Smith, USA Maj Clayton Laughlin, USAF Airspace Control

  11. S-Nitrosylation and the Development of Pulmonary Hypertension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA) were grown in RPMI. Immunoblotting. Immunoblot analysis on proteins...Parkinson, J., Guiliano, D., and Allen, M.E. 2002. IL4-dependent alternatively- activated macrophages have distinctive in vivo gene expression phenotype...and American Heart Associ- ation SDG (Dr Isakson). Disclosures None. References 1. Rhodin JA. The ultrastructure of mammalian arterioles and

  12. 78 FR 63275 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ....; Nifosi, Dana C.; Patrick, Robert C.; Rogers, Leslie T.; Shazor, Marilyn G.; Simon, Marisol R.; Taylor....; Shelton, Terry T.; Simons, James F.; Smith, Daniel C.; Vincent, O. Kevin; Wood, Stephen P. Office of the..., Rolf R.; Womack, Kevin C. Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation Middlebrook, Craig H.;...

  13. JPRS Report, East Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    everything that happened before the " millenial continuity of Catholi- cism in this region"—as the DANAS journalist aptly phrased it—"can... be considered...and Knin regions, leads us to the conclusion that the millenial formula of Pope Aga- thon is breathing its last. Its supporters today are increas

  14. Ikone Andreja Rubljova "Spass", naidennoi v Zvenigorode : [luuletused] / Vladimir Zhilkin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zhilkin, Vladimir

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: Ikone Andreja Rubljova "Spass", naidennoi v Zvenigorode ; Olegu Võssotskomu ; Volode Pavlovu ; Dozhdi s kolokoltshikami ; Andreju Denissovu ; "Mir - labirint. Ne kazhdomu dana..." ; "Vse nashi bedõ - oni iz proshlogo..." ; Restavratsija Pokrovskogo sobora v Izmailove ; "Kak v tainu vhozhu v etot den, v etot tshass..." ; Moim utshenikam ; "Bez prijuta, bez deneg, bez paniki..."

  15. Statement of Facts for 1983 City-Wide Mock Trial Competitions. The Case of Vickers v. Hearst. No. MT-84.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Inst. for Citizen Education in the Law, Washington, DC.

    Prepared by the District of Columbia Street Law Project for its annual city-wide mock trial competition, this instructional handout provides material for a civil case over an automobile accident. After drinking heavily at a party hosted by Sandy Hearst, Dana Ivy ran a stop sign and struck the car of Terry Vickers, causing him to sustain a broken…

  16. SOLUTION FOCUSED BRIEF COUNSELING (SFBC): ALTERNATIF PENDEKATAN DALAM KONSELING KELUARGA

    OpenAIRE

    Sumarwiyah -; Edris Zamroni; Richma Hidayati

    2015-01-01

    Solution Focused Brief Counseling meruppakan pendekatan konseling yang didasari oleh suatu pandangan bahwa sejatinya kebenaran dan realitas bukanlah suatu yang bersifat absolute namun realitas dan kebenaran itu dapat dikonstruksikan. Dalam konteks konseling keluarga dominasi salah satu anggota dana tau kepala keluarga sering menjadi pemicu masalah sehingga perlu didudukkan pada satu konteks penyelesaian masalah berbasis pada realitas yang ada. Konsleing keluarga dengan pendekatan ini memungki...

  17. EST Table: FS743436 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS743436 E_FL_bmmt_25K22_R_0 10/09/28 99 %/217 aa ref|NP_001040134.1| isocitrate de...3304|DanaGF10112-PA 10/08/28 78 %/215 aa F59B8.2#CE03436#WBGene00010317#locus:idh-1#isocitrate dehydrogenase

  18. AcEST: DK944795 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available KCGS C+C Sbjct: 7 GSDCKCGSGCKC 18 >tr|A1Z0P1|A1Z0P1_9ROSI Metallothionein-like protein MT1A OS=Salix matsu...dana PE=4 SV=1 Length = 73 Score = 33.1 bits (74), Expect(2) = 0.080 Identities = 1

  19. Fouled Anchors: The CONSTELLATION Question Answered

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    1711804 87AU 73 89-1-3401 11. TITLE (kcn e S.cE) Caut,.cawn) Fouled Anchors: The Constellation Question Answered IL. PERSONA .. AUTHOPS) Wegner, Dana M...was familia , with the unaltered Constellation in Newport and, unknown to the Committee, had indeed visited the ship once in Baltimore (see p. 45). It is

  20. Great Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Cathy Applefeld

    2013-01-01

    Like the best teachers in any subject, Dana Hamant is a consummate student. In his 31 years as a music instructor, he has attended every single annual Music Educators Association conference in his home state of Kansas and missed only two Kansas Bandmasters Association conferences. (He is also a frequent attendee at NAfME and other professional…

  1. EST Table: FS902675 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available protein [Choristoneura parallela] 10/09/12 52 %/205 aa FBpp0127866|DanaGF24674-PA 10/08/29 low homology 10/0...FS902675 E_FL_ftes_48G04_R_0 10/09/28 55 %/208 aa gb|AAN39695.1| ATP synthase-like

  2. EST Table: FS891415 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available protein [Choristoneura parallela] 10/09/12 52 %/205 aa FBpp0127866|DanaGF24674-PA 10/08/29 low homology 10/0...FS891415 E_FL_ftes_02N09_R_0 10/09/28 55 %/208 aa gb|AAN39695.1| ATP synthase-like

  3. Record of imposex in Cronia konkanensis (Gastropoda, Muricidae) from Indian waters

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    VishwaKiran, Y.; Anil, A.C.

    -biocides into the North sea—an estimation. Deutsche Hydrographische Zeitschrite, 46, 355–364. Kelly, J. R., Rudnick, D. T., Dana-Morton, R., Buttel, L. A., Levine, S. N., & Carr, K. A. (1990). Tri- butyltin and invertebrates of a seagrass ecosystem: exposure and response...

  4. EST Table: CK540677 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/31 53 %/160 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-...milar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 swh ...

  5. EST Table: BY918532 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/29 54 %/261 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF170... similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 F1mg ...

  6. EST Table: CK560363 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/01 50 %/188 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-...milar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 swp ...

  7. EST Table: FS805970 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available milar to xaa-pro dipeptidase app(e.coli) [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/09 47 %/178 aa FBpp0123641|DanaGF20449-...PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase app(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS727105 fmgV ...

  8. EST Table: AV400820 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available a-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/08/28 52 %/152 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-PA 10... to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 br-- ...

  9. EST Table: BY918756 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/29 54 %/247 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF170... similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 F1mg ...

  10. EST Table: DC530000 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/01 52 %/221 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF170... similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 J150 ...

  11. EST Table: FS841713 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/10 53 %/160 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF170... similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 fner ...

  12. EST Table: BY918168 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/29 54 %/247 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF170... similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 F1mg ...

  13. EST Table: FY740131 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 11/11/04 52 %/234 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF170... similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 famL ...

  14. Members Only

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MINA CHOI

    2008-01-01

    @@ The main gripe that Dana Thomas has with the luxury industry today is that it has started to compromise its integrity for the sake of profit - that a dress is now routinely marked up io to I2 times its production cost and the quality of the workmanship is no longer what it used to be.

  15. EST Table: NM_001043517 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NM_001043517 Cycb 10/09/29 89 %/700 aa ref|NP_001036982.1| Cycle like factor b [Bom...byx mori] dbj|BAB91178.1| Cycle like factor BmCyc b [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 52 %/387 aa FBpp0114038|DanaGF108

  16. "Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Systematic and Meta-Analytic Review of Nonpharmacological Therapies for Cancer Patients:" Correction to Kangas, Bovbjerg, and Montgomery (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kangas, Maria; Bovbjerg, Dana H.; Montgomery, Guy H.

    2009-01-01

    Reports an error in "Cancer-related fatigue: A systematic and meta-analytic review of non-pharmacological therapies for cancer patients" by Maria Kangas, Dana H. Bovbjerg and Guy H. Montgomery (Psychological Bulletin, 2008[Sep], Vol 134[5], 700-741). The URL to the Supplemental Materials for the article is listed incorrectly in two places in the…

  17. 78 FR 19490 - Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and Control Special Emphasis Panel (SEP): Initial Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Disease, Disability, and Injury Prevention and... and Prevention and the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Dana Redford, Acting Director, Management Analysis and Services Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. BILLING CODE 4163-18-P...

  18. Ethnographic Research and Globalization: A Discussion of Joseph Tobin's Model of Video-Cued Multivocal Ethnography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watras, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    Joseph Tobin made an impact on the field of comparative education in 2009 when he used a unique form of ethnography to illuminate the effects of world-wide forces, such as modernization, on schools in specific countries. Earlier, in 1989, he published "Preschool in Three Cultures" with co-authors David Wu and Dana Davidson. The…

  19. EST Table: AU003633 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AU003633 ws00362 10/09/28 66 %/171 aa ref|XP_001843799.1| sprinter [Culex quinquefa...sciatus] gb|EDS34581.1| sprinter [Culex quinquefasciatus] 10/08/28 58 %/180 aa FBpp0127755|DanaGF24563-PA 10

  20. Collaborating on Global Priorities: Science Education for Everyone--Any Time and Everywhere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    Building on the key ideas from Dana Zeidler's paper I expand the conversation from the standpoint that the challenges facing humanity and the capacity of Earth to support life suggest that changes in human lifestyles are a priority. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to educate all humans about some of the science-related grand challenges, such…

  1. Environmental engineers receive top science paper award for investigative work

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2010-01-01

    Marc Edwards and Simoni Triantafyllidou of Virginia Tech's College of Engineering, along with colleague Dr. Dana Best of Children's National Medical Center, published a 2009 article in "Environmental Science and Technology" (ES&T) that demonstrated a major increase in childhood lead poisoning of Washington, D.C., children during the 2001-04 lead-in-water crisis.

  2. EST Table: BJ987299 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ar to Protein C12orf11 (Sarcoma antigen NY-SAR-95) [Apis mellifera] 10/08/28 37 %/123 aa FBpp0119601|DanaGF1...BJ987299 E_FL_BmN-_04C24_R_0 10/09/28 51 %/119 aa ref|XP_391996.3| PREDICTED: simil

  3. Can the Climate of an Organization be Modified and Managed to Ensure Organizational Excellence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-30

    the management team. In Megatrends, Author John Naisbitt quotes Rene McPherson, Chairman of the Dana Corporation , "Until we believe that the expert...Organizational Excellence: Stimulatin Quality and Communicatin & Value, (Lexington: D.C. Heath and Company, 1987), p. 179. 3. Thomas J. Peters and

  4. EST Table: FS817517 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS817517 E_FL_fmgV_51J19_F_0 10/09/28 71 %/117 aa ref|NP_001040287.1| vacuolar ATP ...114 aa FBpp0120556|DanaGF17364-PA 10/08/29 41 %/116 aa F46F11.5#CE10604#WBGene00006919#locus:vha-10#vacuolar

  5. AGARD Conference Proceedings on High Resolution Air and Spaceborne Radar Held in The Hague, Netherlands on 8-12 May 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    ligeable giant on) esit casbien lea prises de voes optiquss suet digqrad~ps paz’ la pv ence ie llatmosplo~re. - Le deuxilme avantage r~ sida dana Is fait...simplifier el les treis Conditions su i denes sent respe":tios - la chile ott lein de ia source (champ leintain) - lo ethic est grartle Cevont [a

  6. EST Table: FS870427 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available milar to ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/11 63 %/215 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741...5365 10/09/10 62 %/216 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 10/09/10 58 %/268 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix

  7. EST Table: FS861595 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available milar to ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/11 66 %/160 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741...5365 10/09/10 62 %/163 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 10/09/10 58 %/215 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix

  8. EST Table: FS832179 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available milar to ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/10 60 %/223 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741...5365 10/09/10 59 %/224 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 10/09/10 55 %/276 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix

  9. Caridean shrimps (Crustacea, Decapoda) from seagrass habitats in Hansa Bay, Papua New Guinea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grave, de Sammy

    1999-01-01

    Five species of caridean shrimps collected from seagrass habitats at Hansa Bay, on the northern coastline of Papua New Guinea are reported. Four species are new to the fauna of Papua New Guinea. Morphological details of Nikoides danae, Latreutes pymoeus and L. porcinus are discussed and compared to

  10. Spatial heterogeneity of zooplankton abundance and diversity in the Saudi coastal waters of the Southern Red Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Aidaroos, Ali; El-Sherbiny, Mohsen; Mantha, Gopikrishna

    2013-04-01

    The horizontal distribution, abundance and diversity of zooplankton has been studied at 50 stations along the Saudi coastal waters of the southern Red Sea (27 stations around Farasan archipelago, 9 around Al-Qunfodah and 14 around Al-Lith) during March-April 2011 using a plankton net of 150 µm. The zooplankton standing crop fluctuated between 1058 and 25787 individuals/m3 with an average of 5231 individuals/m3. Zooplankton was dominated by holoplanktonic forms that representing 80.26 % of total zooplankton, while meroplanktonic constituting 19.74% and dominated by mollusc larvae. Copepods appeared to be the predominant component, formed an average of 69.69 % of the total zooplankton count followed by chaetognaths and urochordates (4.5 and 4.1% of total zooplankton respectively). A total of 100 copepods species in addition to several species of other planktonic groups (cladocerans, chaetognaths, urochordates) were recorded in the study area. The copepod diversity decreased northward (94, 69 and 62 species at Farasan, Al-Qunfodah and Al-Lith respectively). In general, adult cyclopoid copepods dominated the zooplankton community in term of abundance and species number (19.55 %, 65 species) with dominance of Oncaea media, Oithona similis and Farranula carinata followed by adult calanoid copepods (19.38%, 35 species) with dominance of Paracalanus aculeatus, Clausocalanus minor, Acartia (Acanthacartia) fossae and Centropages orsinii. Harapacticoids densities were low in abundance, represented only by 5 species and dominated mainly by Euterpina acutifronis. Some copepod species decreased northward: Acartia amboinensis, Canthocalanus pauper, Labidocera acuta, Corycaeus flaccus, C. typicus, C. agilis, C. catus, C. giesbrechti, C. latus, C. furcifer and Euterpina acutifronis, while others increased northward (Acartia fossae, Undinula vulgaris and Centropages orsinii). Among copepod orders, Monstrilloida and Siphonostomatoida were observed only in southern area (Farasan

  11. Importance et rôle du zooplancton dans une lagune tropicale, la lagune Ebrié (Côte d'Ivoire) : peuplements, biomasse, production et bilan métabolique

    OpenAIRE

    PAGANO, Marc; Saint-Jean, L.

    1991-01-01

    Le programme a été axé sur l'étude au cours de deux cycles annuels de cinq stations représentatives de l'éventail des conditions écologiques. Des analyses sur le seston permettent de caractériser l'environnement trophique. Le zooplancton est dominé par #Acartia clausi$, #Oithona brevicornis$, #Pseudodiaptomus hessei$, les rotifères et les larves de lamellibranches. En termes de biomasse les copépodes forment le groupe dominant (89%). L'importance pondérale du macroplancton dominé par les mysi...

  12. Virus-phytoplankton adhesion: a new WSSV transmission route to zooplankton

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The pathogenicity of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) to zooplankton species, rotifer Brachionus urceus (Linnaeus), copepod Acartia clausi (Giesbrecht) and mysid shrimp Neomysis awatschensis (Brandt), was estimated by immersion challenge and virus-phytoplankton adhesion route to investigate a potential new transmission route of WSSV to zooplankton. WSSV succeeded in infecting these zooplankton species and nested-PCR revealed positive results for the virus-phytoplankton adhesion route, whereas WSSV cannot infect zooplankton by immersion challenge. These results indicated that virus-phytoplankton adhesion route is a successful new transmission route of WSSV to zooplankton and also implied that phytoplankton could be a carrier in WSSV transmission.

  13. Ocean acidification challenges copepod phenotypic plasticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vehmaa, Anu; Almén, Anna-Karin; Brutemark, Andreas; Paul, Allanah; Riebesell, Ulf; Furuhagen, Sara; Engström-Öst, Jonna

    2016-11-01

    Ocean acidification is challenging phenotypic plasticity of individuals and populations. Calanoid copepods (zooplankton) are shown to be fairly plastic against altered pH conditions, and laboratory studies indicate that transgenerational effects are one mechanism behind this plasticity. We studied phenotypic plasticity of the copepod Acartia sp. in the course of a pelagic, large-volume mesocosm study that was conducted to investigate ecosystem and biogeochemical responses to ocean acidification. We measured copepod egg production rate, egg-hatching success, adult female size and adult female antioxidant capacity (ORAC) as a function of acidification (fCO2 ˜ 365-1231 µatm) and as a function of quantity and quality of their diet. We used an egg transplant experiment to reveal whether transgenerational effects can alleviate the possible negative effects of ocean acidification on offspring development. We found significant negative effects of ocean acidification on adult female size. In addition, we found signs of a possible threshold at high fCO2, above which adaptive maternal effects cannot alleviate the negative effects of acidification on egg-hatching and nauplii development. We did not find support for the hypothesis that insufficient food quantity (total particulate carbon < 55 µm) or quality (C : N) weakens the transgenerational effects. However, females with high-ORAC-produced eggs with high hatching success. Overall, these results indicate that Acartia sp. could be affected by projected near-future CO2 levels.

  14. MANAJEMEN FUNDRAISING WAKAF: Potret Yayasan Badan Wakaf Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta dalam Menggalang Wakaf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahul Huda

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Pengembangan nadhir wakaf saat ini menjadi penting dalam upaya menguatkan dan mengembangkan wakaf secara terus menerus untuk kemanfaatan mauqu}>f ‘alaih. Salah satu usaha nadhir adalah penggalangan dana/daya dalam rangka melakukan terobosan agar aset dan potensi kelola wakaf yang besar dapat dikembangkan. Aktivitas penggalangan daya/dana oleh sebuah lembaga itulah dalam konteks saat ini dikenal sebagai aktivitas fundraising. Karena itu, tulisan ini mendeskripsikan dan menggali keunikan atas pengelolaan wakaf dalam perspektif fundraising di Yayasan Badan Wakaf Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta. Hasil tulisan ini menujukkan bahwa pola penggalangan wakaf memiliki keunikan, seperti keunikan penggalangan wakaf berbasis universitas untuk pemberdayaan masyarakat pada nadhir UII Yogyakarta. Kata Kunci:         Fundraising, Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, S}adaqah Ja>riyah.

  15. Kajian dan Pelaksanaan Manajemen Insiden di Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara di Lingkungan Kantor Wilayah Perbendaharaan Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Supristiowadi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara (KPPN adalah kantor perwakilan Departemen Keuangan di daerah yang berada di bawah Direktorat Jenderal Perbendaharaan, yang fungsi utamanya adalah pengelolaan Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara (APBN khususnya dalam hal pengeluaran dana APBN. Untuk menunjang kegiatan operasional KPPN terkait pencairan dana APBN, KPPN menggunakan perangkat teknologi informasi baik yang bersifat perangkat keras maupun aplikasi. Semakin tinggi peranan teknologi informasi dalam menunjang kegiatan operasional KPPN, sudah seharusnya KPPN memiliki sebuah perangkat Manajemen Layanan Teknologi Informasi (MLTI yang dapat menjaga kualitas layanan teknologi informasi yang ada di KPPN. Penerapan MLTI bisa didasarkan pada sebuah standart yang sudah berlaku internasional seperti salah satunya adalah ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructur Library. Sebagai langkah awal pelaksanaan MLTI di KPPN, maka KPPN dapat melaksanakan manajemen insiden. Dengan adanya manajemen insiden diharapkan insiden yang terjadi pada perangkat layanan teknologi informasi di KPPN dapat tertangani secara cepat dan tidak sampai menganggu proses bisnis yang ada.

  16. Two new species of freshwater crabs of the genus Sundathelphusa Bott, 1969 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Gecarcinucidae) from caves in Luzon, Philippines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husana, Daniel Edison M; Yamamuro, Masumi; Ng, Peter K L

    2014-06-17

    Two cave species of Sundathelphusa are described from a karst area in southern Luzon, Philippines. Both species have elongated ambulatory legs but the eyes and carapace pigmentation are well developed, indicating they are not troglobites. Sundathelphusa danae sp. nov. is superficially more similar to S. longipes (Balss, 1937) than to S. holthuisi Ng, 2010, which was described from the same locality. Sundathelphusa danae sp. nov. is distinguished from its closest congeners by its strongly convex anterolateral margin, more swollen branchial regions, possession of a complete frontal median triangle, laterally inflated subbranchial region and the more slender ambulatory legs. Sundathelphusa vienae sp. nov. is unusual among Sundathelphusa species in that its carapace is more quadrate, with the slender and almost straight male first gonopod tapered and having a pointed terminal segment. 

  17. Crustáceos decápodos da Ilha da Restinga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Conceição Quintino Farias

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the decapods crustaceans from Restinga island (Paraíba State, Brazil. A list of species collected from September 1977 to March 1978 and some ecological notes are given. Those following species were found in the island: Macrobrachium acanthurus (Wiegmann. Alpheus heterochaelis Say, Upogebia omissa Gomes-Corrêa, Petrolisthes armatus (Gibbes, Clibanarius vitatus (Bose, Clibanarius sclopetarius (Herbst, Callinectes danae Smith, Callinectes exasperatus (Gerstaecker, Callinectes bocourti. A.Milne Edwards, Callinectes sp., Panopeus herbstii. A. Milne Edwards, Cytoplax spinidentata (Benedict, Goniopsis cruentata (Latreille, Aratus pisonii (Milme Eawards, Pachygrapsus gracilis (Saussure, Pachygrapsus transversus Gibbes, Sesarma rectum Randall, Sersama angustipes Dana, Cardisoma guanhunti Latreille, Uca leptodactyia Rathbun, Uca maracoani Latreille, Uca rapax (Smith, Uca panema Coelho, Uca thayeii Rathbun, Uca vocator Herbst, Uca cumulanta Crane, Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, Ucides cordatus (Linnaeus e Calappa ocelata Holthuis.

  18. transnacionalnog konstitucionalizma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arsen Bačić

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Recentna literatura novog konstitucionalizma i s njim povezanog ustavnog prava na velika se vrata vratila metafori dijaloga. Dok u klasičnom ustavnom pravu dijalog crpi svoja tradicionalna značenja iz političke filozofije antike, u naše se vrijeme metafora dijaloga, ponajviše usidrena u području komparativnog ustavnog prava, razumije na više načina. Dijalog se danas razumije kao instrument transplantacije, neformalan način komunikacije između sudskih i političkih tijela, nova paradigma sudbenih odnosa između aktera koji ne pripadaju istom pravnom poretku, itd. U ovom tekstu autori ukazuju na prirodu i granice dijaloga koji se danas vodi u okvirima komparativnog ustavnog prava, te se kratko osvrću na pojavu metafore dijaloga u hrvatskim ustavnopravnim okvirima.

  19. EST Table: FS761805 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 216 aa ref|NP_001164152.1| held out wings [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/08 87 %/209 aa FBpp0121258|DanaGF18066...50:36681166:1|gene:AGAP003356 10/09/10 90 %/173 aa gnl|Amel|GB13678-PA 10/09/10 89 %/216 aa gi|270002790|gb|EEZ99237.1| held out wings [Tribolium castaneum] FS761805 fcaL ...

  20. [Neuroethics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramiro, H Manuel

    2015-01-01

    Neuroethics emerged as a discipline in 2012 after a World Congress organized by the Stanford University, the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF), and sponsored by the Dana Foundation. It has emerged with great force and an important interdisciplinary approach between science and philosophy. Its most relevant lines of action are the study of the ethical consequences of neuroscience research and clinical interventions; as well as the biological factors of human behavior or conduct.

  1. Pakistani childrens’ views of TV advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Kashif; Umair Altaf; Sajid Ali; Umer Asif; Hafiz Muhammad Ayub; Wafa Abeer; Ernest Cyril de Run

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study explores Pakistani children’s views regarding TV advertising and outlines the factors impacting their choice of snack brands. Thirty-six children from three schools were selected purposefully and qualitative dana was collected through focus group sessions held in schools. Findings suggest that children understand the intended message of snack brand advertisers. Different variants of brands focusing on some product- and non-product related elements are considered imperat...

  2. Zebrafish Model of NF1 for Structure-Function Analysis, Mechanisms of Glial Tumorigenesis, and Chemical Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    Conference in Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/ Brigham and Women Hospital (Janurary 10, 2014) • Presentation: Dr. Epstein recently delivered a...of the short-latency C-start (SLC), a highly stereotyped yet modifiable acoustic startle reflex in the zebrafish (Burgess and Granato, 2007a; Wolman...adaptation, exposing the larvae to a sudden absence of light, termed a dark flash, elicited a highly stereotyped yet habituatable reorien- tation maneuver

  3. Fannish discourse communities and the construction of gender in The X-Files

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Regan Wills

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Fandoms can constitute discourse communities, where fans make claims about issues of real-world political importance, such as the relationship between gender, power, and autonomy, and where other fans engage with and evaluate those claims. In fan works and fan analyses of Dana Scully in the television show The X-Files, fans pose claims both in discussion spaces and in the creation of fan fiction, and these fannish evaluations and discussions of these fictions analyze those claims.

  4. Robotic Surgery: Research and Reviews 2014: editorial foreword

    OpenAIRE

    Azodi, Masoud; Roque, Dana M.

    2014-01-01

    Dana M Roque,1 Masoud Azodi1,2 1Division of Gynecologic Oncology, 2Division of Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USALeonardo da Vinci has been credited with the design in 1495 of the first known robot, which was capable of human-like motions through the manipulation of multiple coordinated pulleys.1 The term "robot" stems from the Czech word "robota", refer...

  5. A General Model for the Homogeneous Case of the Continuous Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-31

    Those who worked for her as assistants include i Paul S. Changas, Vicki R. Newton, Donald Reece Dana, Elizabeth Morgan, * and Esther Brunton. po TABLE... Lazarsfeld , 1959; Rasch, 1960; Birnbaum, 1968), now it includes varieties of cases such as the graded response level (e.g., Samejima, 1969, 1972), the...Psychometrika, 46, 1981, 443-459. [4] Lazarsfeld , P. F. Latent structure analysis. In S. Koch (Ed.), Psychology: A study of a science. Vol. 3. New York

  6. Liderazgo en prevención de riesgos laborales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Ambroj Sancho

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La planificación, implantación y mantenimiento de una serie de acciones y herramientas concretas, dentro de una cultura preventiva y de mejora continua, que han mostrado ser efectivas en la mejora de las condiciones de trabajo, en la reducción de la siniestralidad, y que conllevan un incremento en la satisfacción de las personas que trabajan en Dana.

  7. Prilog tumačenju postojanja toponima Kolovare

    OpenAIRE

    Sejdiu, Shefki

    1994-01-01

    Razmatrajući podrijetlo zadarskoga toponima Kolovare autor zaključuje, nastavljajući se na Skokovo tumačenje, da to ime potječe od latinske riječi CABALLARIA . Preko dalmatskoga oblika Caualara, zabilježenog u 14e stoljeću, u dodiru s hrvatskim jezikom nastao je lik *Kalavara. Današnji lik Kolovare konačno su vjerojatno oblikovali zadarski Arbanasi.

  8. Mikrobna proizvodnja pigmenata hrane

    OpenAIRE

    Dufossé, Laurent

    2006-01-01

    Već se godinama raspravlja o kontroverznoj temi sintetskih bojila u hrani. Danas potrošači strogo i negativno ocijenjuju njihovu prisutnost u hrani pa je sve veće zanimanje za upotrebom prirodnih alternativnih bojila. Priroda je bogata bojama (minerali, biljke, mikroalge, itd.) i puna mikroorganizama koji proizvode pigmente (plijesni, kvasci i bakterije). Mikroorganizmi proizvode molekule poput karotenoida, melanina, flavina, kinona, te posebice monascina, violaceina ili indiga. Uspjeh bilo k...

  9. Littoral Hydrodynamics and Sediment Transport Around a Semi-Permeable Breakwater

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-18

    Transport 1 Li, H., L. Lin, C.-C. Lu, C. Reed, and A. Shak (2015). Littoral Hydrodynamics and Sediment Transport around a Semi-Permeable Breakwater...Coasts and Ports 2015, Auckland, New Zealand, 15-18 September, 2015, 7 pp. Littoral Hydrodynamics and Sediment Transport Around a Semi...Dana Point Harbor requires a better understanding of hydrodynamics and sediment transport around a permeable breakwater. In this study, an integrated

  10. PREGLED REŠITEV ZA UVEDBO E-POSLOVANJA V MALIH PODJETJIH

    OpenAIRE

    Radaković, Milan

    2012-01-01

    V sodobnem času se zavedamo pomembnosti informacijskih tehnologij in njihovega vpliva na kakovost dela v podjetjih, učinkovitost, organiziranost in inovativnost. Ponudba sodobnih informacijskih tehnologij in programov je na današnji dan zelo široka. Za pravilno izbiro potrebne tehnologije sta potrebna predhodni pregled in analiza obstoječe ponudbe. V diplomskem delu smo želeli narediti delni pregled aktualnih ponudb za mikro in mala podjetja s poudarkom na prednostih in slabostih posameznih r...

  11. Morphological and morphometrical analysis of Heterodera spp. populations in Jordan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafi, Hamzeh A; Al-Banna, Luma; Sadder, Monther T; Migdadi, Hussein M

    2016-01-01

    Phenotypic diversity of five Jordanian populations of cyst nematodes, Heterodera spp. collected from five regions from Jordan (Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana, Al-Karak, and Jerash) was investigated. Soil samples were collected from one representative field in each region. Morphological and morphometrical characteristics revealed that Heterodera latipons is dominated in cereal fields at Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana and Al-Karak regions and Heterodera schachtii in Jerash. Cysts populations from all cereal fields had bifenestrate vulval cone and a strong underbridge. Wherever, cysts of the cabbage population had ambifenestrate vulval cone with long vulval slit. The bullae were absent in Ar-Ramtha, Madaba and Dana populations, but present in Al-Karak and Jerash. Based on 12 morphometrical characters, the first three functions in canonical discriminant analysis accounted 99.3% of the total variation. Distance from dorsal gland duct opening to stylet base, underbridge length, a = L/W (body length/midbody width) and length of hyaline tail tip had strong and significant contributions in the first function. While the second function was strongly influenced by length of hyaline tail, fenestral length, fenestral width and tail length. However, the third canonical discriminate function was found to be influenced by stylet length, fenestral length, a = L/W (body length/midbody width) and underbridge width. The graphical representation of the distribution of the samples showed that the first canonical discriminant function clearly separated H. schachtii from Jerash from other populations. Whereas, H. latipons collected from Madaba and Dana were clearly separated in the second function. The results indicated that differences at morphological and morphometrical levels revealed diverse populations of Heterodera spp. in Jordan.

  12. Air Force Research in Aero Propulsion Technology (AFRAPT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-27

    Aero Propulsion Technology (AFRAPT) 12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Profs. J. Dugundji , A. Epstein, M. Giles, E. Greitzer, M. Martinez-Sanchez, flr r T~ri 13a...Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics Director, Gas Turbine Laboratory John Dugundji Professor, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics Alan H. Epstein...Professor J. Dugundji /Professor E.M. Greitzer Project: Compressor Stabilization Through Structural Feedback Trainee: Dana Lindquist Advisor: Professor M.B

  13. Study examines quality of life factors at end of life for patients with cancer | Division of Cancer Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Better quality of life at the end of life for patients with advanced cancer was associated with avoiding hospitalizations and the intensive care unit, worrying less, praying or meditating, being visited by a pastor in a hospital or clinic, and having a therapeutic alliance with their physician, according to a Dana-Farber Cancer Institute report published Online First by Archives of Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication. |

  14. A Genetically Engineered Mouse Model of Neuroblastoma Driven by Mutated ALK and MYCN

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    pen/strep; Invitrogen). H262-BT111 primitive neuroectodermal tumor cells (provided by K. Ligon, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute [DFCI]) were grown in...restricted to NB, but extended to H262-BT111, a human primitive neuroectoder- mal tumor cell line expressing amplified MYCN (K. Ligon, per- sonal...activity against these tumors without general toxicity. Additionally, we have determined that in tumors expressing mutated ALK but without MYCN

  15. LAMUN PULAU BONEBATANG, KEPULAUAN SPERMONDE DAN BAKTERI ASOSIASINYA

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Akan diseminarkan pada SEMNASKAN UGM 31 Agustus 2013 Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis lamun dan bakteri asosiasinya di Pulau Bonebatang, Kepulauan Spermonde. Untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis lamun digunakan metode random sampling yang dimulai dari garis pantai ke arah reef flat di empat sisi pulau. Penentuan jenis lamun didasarkan pada buku ???Seagrasses: Biology, Ecology and Conservation??? dan???A Guide to Tropical Seagrasses of the Indo-West Pasific???. Isolasi bakteri ...

  16. LAMUN PULAU BONEBATANG, KEPULAUAN SPERMONDE DAN BAKTERI ASOSIASINYA

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis lamun dan bakteri asosiasinya di Pulau Bonebatang, Kepulauan Spermonde. Untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis lamun digunakan metode random sampling yang dimulai dari garis pantai ke arah reef flat di empat sisi pulau. Penentuan jenis lamun didasarkan pada buku ???Seagrasses: Biology, Ecology and Conservation??? dan???A Guide to Tropical Seagrasses of the Indo-West Pasific???. Isolasi bakteri simbion dilakukan dengan mengambil sampel lamun, dicuci ...

  17. Patents - An Information Resource.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    cacher, ii existe dana certaines entreprises des sortes de concurrence entre lea services de propri~t6 industrielle at ceux de documentation h...spizialistea A telle ou telle entreprise . -Lea statiatiques: dont on commence b saisir l’intir~t, at qui sont devenues plus fiables avec lea ddlais...you to look at your patent office as a public organisation which in general is financed fully or to a large extend by those who file patent

  18. EST Table: FS752084 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available P_971046.2| PREDICTED: similar to antolefinin [Tribolium castaneum] FS752084 caL- ... ...FS752084 E_ET_caL-_07O17_R_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 39 %/198 aa ref|XP_971046.2| PREDICTED: similar to antole...finin [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/08 34 %/152 aa FBpp0116483|DanaGF13291-PA 10/08/2

  19. new species of the crab genus Zozymodes (Crustacea: Decapoda: Xanthidae from Guam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lasley, R.M., Jr.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available new species of xanthid crab, Zozymodes sculptus sp. nov.,from Guam is described and illustrated. Zozymodes sculptus is distinguished from its congeners Z. cavipes (Dana, 1852a, Z. nodosus Klunzinger, 1913, Z. pumilus (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1846, Z. xanthoides (Krauss, 1843, and Z. demani Odhner, 1925, by its unusual raised crests of the carapace, two anterior-pointing anterolateral teeth, deep furrow formed by parallel crests on the superior margin of the chelae, and proportionately more narrow carapace.

  20. Guo Yan_Gracefulness in the Social Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuEr

    2004-01-01

    Guo Yan,the Executive Edito of Grace,a mationwide fashion magazine,is often linked with the modifiers such as beautiful,elegant,glanorous,intelligert,smart and wise.Borm and raised in Cjemgdu,Guo Yan graduated from Sichuan Yniversity before she began her Career as a renowned author of prize-Winning short stories and novels.She lives in Chengdu with her husband Yi Dan,a famous uniersity Professor,

  1. The 12th Edition of the Scientific Days of the National Institute for Infectious Diseases “Prof. Dr. Matei Bals” and the 12th National Infectious Diseases Conference

    OpenAIRE

    Cristian-Mihail Niculae; Serban Benea; Dana Mărculescu; Magdalena Lorena Andrei; Veronica Ilie; Marcela Popa; Coralia Bleotu; Carmen Chifiriuc; Radu Orfanu; Anca-Cristina Drăgănescu; Alina Oprea; Sabina Sandu; Ştefan Sorin Aramă; Anca Leuştean; Ana Vaduva Enoiu

    2016-01-01

    Table of contents A1 The outcome of patients with recurrent versus non-recurrent pneumococcal meningitis in a tertiary health-care hospital in Bucharest Cristian-Mihail Niculae, Eliza Manea, Raluca Jipa, Simona Merisor, Ruxandra Moroti, Serban Benea, Adriana Hristea A2 Influence of bacteriophages on sessile Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria Alina Cristina Neguț, Oana Săndulescu, Anca Streinu-Cercel, Dana Mărculescu, Magdalena Lorena Andrei, Veronica Ilie, Marcela Popa, Coralia Bleotu, ...

  2. Le contrôle exercé par le juge administratif sur les autorités administratives indépendantes

    OpenAIRE

    Gjidara, Marc

    2013-01-01

    Pojava i umnožavanje nezavisnih upravnih autoriteta predstavlja refleksiju velikih promjena organizacije uprave u Francuskoj. Prvu nezavisnu upravnu organizaciju uspostavila je Nacionalna komisija za slobodu informiranja Zakonom od 6. Siječnja 1978. Godine. Nezavisne upravne organizacije, danas, posebno susrećemo u ekonomskom i financijskom sektoru – gdje jamči ostvarivanje (zaštitu) prava svim sudionicima.

  3. Tyrosine Pretreatment Alleviates Suppression of Schedule-Controlled Responding Produced by Corticotropin Releasing Factor (CRF) in Rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    specific interaction with tyrosine hydroxylase . Thus, (3,13,14). alleviation of CRF with tyrosine may result from an affect of The 200 mg/kg dose of tyrosine...G., Dana, R.; Risch, S. C.; Koob, G. F. Activating aspartame, phenylalanine , and tyrosine. Fund. Appl. Toxicol. 16: and anxiogenic effects of...Onali, P. Corticotropin-releasing factor activates ty- Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 32:967-970: 1989. rosine hydroxylase in rat and mouse striatal

  4. Initiating Events in Prostate Cancer: The Role of Somatic Activation of Beta-Catening

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    HOSPITAL APPOINTMENTS 2002- Senior NRSA Fellow in Cancer Immunology , Dana Farber Cancer Institute. 1999-2003 Instructor, Department of Cancer Immunology & AIDS... Cancer Immunology , Cancer Imaging, GI Malignancies Program. 2004- Member of German Society for Immunology (DGFI) 2005- Member of Committee for Immunology...Support (Ph K. Khazaie) Idea Award. May 2002 - May 2005 DAMD17-02-1-0361, Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program, Title: Cancer Immunology in

  5. Effect of Defects on Mechanisms of Initiation and Energy Release in Energetic Molecular Crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-10

    calculated phase diagrams demonstrate that the metal clusters are very easily oxidized . Adding Ni atoms to small Al clusters lacks an advantage of...and Dana. D. Dlott, “High pressure Raman spectroscopy of molecular monolayers absorbed on a metal surface,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 113, pp... Mechanochemistry in Nitroarenes,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 1, 363–367 (2010). 39. Ligen Wang and Maija M. Kuklja, “First-principles study of small aluminum clusters

  6. Meteorites from Cluj-Napoca

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radu, Gelu; Pop, Dana

    2003-04-01

    The article represents an interview of the journalist Gelu Radu with the director of the Meteorites Museum from the Geological Faculty of the Cluj-Napoca University (Romania) Dana Pop concerning the History, Collection and Actual state of an unique in Romania Meteorites Museum, founded in 1882 after the fall of the Mociu Meteorit (Cluj County) on 3 february 1882. One discusses about the collection of the Museum and the policy of changes with other similar museums throughout the world.

  7. Singlid. Albumid : Sound / Ahto Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Ahto

    1998-01-01

    Uutest singlitest Foo Fighters "Walking After You", Uni "St.Johns Fever", R.E.M."Daysleeper", Laila "Here We Go Again", Morcheeba "Part Of The Process", Alanis Morissette "Thank You" ja albumitest Sash! "Life Goes on", Dana International "The Album", Juice "Juice", Mica Paris "Black Angel", Music Instructor "Electro City", Republica "Speed Ballads", Crystal Waters "Best Of", Suzanne Vega "Tried And True.Best Of" ja filmimuusikakogumikust "The Oliver Stone Connection"

  8. Some additions and corrections to the Coleoptera fauna of the Canary Islands

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Two endomychid species described from El Hierro (Canary Islands) are removed from the Canarian fauna: Dapsa hierrensis Franz, 1976 is a synonym of Archipines intricata (Gorham, 1889), nov. syn., and the single specimen (holotype) was probably collected in Central America. Dapsa curta Franz, 1976 is also poorly described and based on a single female. Without a male it is not possible to assess with full confidence if it belongs to the African genus Danae or more probably to the Oriental genus ...

  9. Zebrafish Functional Genetics Approach to the Pathogenesis of Well-Differentiated Liposarcoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Children’s Hospital 2012- Member Leukemia and Sarcoma Programs Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center 2 2015- Member Immunology Graduate Program Harvard...Oncology Group Member 2011- American Association for Cancer Research Member 2013- Society for Pediatric Research Elected member Grant Review ...Activities 2012 FWO (Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research) Ad Hoc Reviewer 2013 Flemish League Against Cancer Ad Hoc Reviewer 2014 Association

  10. Galatheid squat lobster species from Chinese waters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Chao; Li, Xinzheng

    2013-11-01

    Five galatheid squat lobster species belonging to four genera of two galatheid families are reported for the first time from Chinese waters, namely Lauriea simulata Macpherson and Robainas-Barcia, 2013, Phylladiorhynchus ikedai (Miyake and Baba, 1965), Phylladiorhynchus integrirostris (Dana, 1852), Babamunida sp., and Raymunida elegantissima (de Man, 1902). The genera Lauriea Baba, 1971 and Babamunida Cabezas, Macpherson, and Machordom, 2008 have not previously been recorded from Chinese waters.

  11. Hatching and larval export of the intertidal crab Neohelice granulata in Mar Chiquita coastal lagoon, Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Guillermina Sánchez Vuichard; Nahuel Farías; Tomás Luppi

    2013-01-01

    Synchronization in the events of the reproductive cycle in female Neohelice granulata Dana, 1851 were studied from samples taken weekly and biweekly from September to December 2006 in the Laguna Mar Chiquita. The timing and larval hatching and synchronicity were inferred from numbers of ovigerous females and observing the stages of embryonic development. Synchronization in larval hatching also was observed in females in experiments in dark for a period of 48 hours, at three different saliniti...

  12. Developing Chiefs of Supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-01

    19 MANWI NG STRESS The extant to w~hich you can Identtify 3ourw of mnalor stres, dervelop effective t1ime management tecniques , and deelops effective...the Requirements for the Degree of Masters of Science in Logistics Management Dana L. McAlear, B.S. Captain, USAF September 1989 Approved for public...34 The Roles of a Manager ............ 36 Fred Luthans, Richard M Hodgetts, and Stuart A R osenkrantz

  13. Crowfunding: A Way to Financing Creative Business in Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bima Yudhistira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstractCrowdfunding, a new term in financial industries. It provides fund for a new start-up project. In Australia where it becomes the basis of this study, Pozible as a leading crowdfunding platform has already launched 6.929 projects. The fund of US$22.930.536 was used for financing the projects, and 56 percent of the projects were successful. This research has an objective; it is to measure the degree of significancy using linear regression model. The result shows that among the businesses that has already funded by crowdfunding system, ‘video game’ is one of the most favorite project. It is successful in getting pledges. However, food and drink did not get fund as much as the favorites project. It was based on the percentage of fund that has already got from crowdfunding. In short, crowdfunding can help creative business as a top rank start-up rather than manufacture business.Crowdfunding, istilah baru dalam industri keuangan. Crowdfunding adalah dana untuk proyek rintisan. Pozible sebagai platform crowdfunding terkemuka telah meluncurkan 6,929 proyek di Australia. Negara tersebut menjadi dasar dari penelitian ini. Dana sebesar $ 22.930.536 US digunakan untuk membiayai proyek-proyek dan 56 persen dari proyek tersebut sukses. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat signifikansi dengan menggunakan model regresi linier. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa di antara bisnis yang sudah didanai oleh sistem crowdfunding, ‘video game’ adalah salah satu proyek yang paling favorit dan sukses dalam mendapatkan jaminan. Sedangkan makanan dan minuman tidak mendapatkan dana sebanyak proyek favorit. Hal ini didasarkan pada persentase dana yang telah diperoleh dari crowdfunding. Kesimpulannya adalah crowdfunding lebih bisa membantu bisnis kreatif sebagai a top rank start-up daripada bisnis manufaktur

  14. Prediction of Aerodynamic Loads on Rotorcraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-09-01

    domains ddcrochd. Des capteurs de preesion, station- nuires (tuysux) et instationnaires (membrane A semi-conducteur), saront rdpartis en qustre...cyclique d’une pale d’hdlicopt~re at entrera dana le domains ddcrochd. Des capteurs de pression, station- naires (tuysux) at instationnaires (membrane...de modes naturels (mdthode modale). 11 est aussi possible de traiter la question sans utiliser les modes propres en mettant en oeuvre une mdthode

  15. Use or Reduction of Propagation and Noise Effects in Distributed Military Systems: Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Panel Symposium Held in Rethymno, Crete, Greece on 15-18 October 1990 (Utilisation ou Reduction des Effets de la Propagation et du Bruit dans les Systemes Militaires Distribues)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    6liminables est une fonction croissante du nombre de capteurs du reseau, les systtmes La Direction des Recherches, Etudes et Techniques ’basses...cozmmo cola oat naturel dana le cas AVAReat ~temin6A patirde toisoi lVon traite un prof il do liaison parambtros qui d~finissent les types be...varitiondesm~dineshoraresdirect., cosine cola oat naturel locales sur un profil do liaison loraque Vlon consid~ro des probl&Mes donn6, au cours du temnps

  16. Conference Proceedings on Guidance and Control Techniques for Advanced Space Vehicles (37th) Held at Florence, Italy on 27-30 September 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    8217 tIc C1x cr capteurs oU des diverses souirces d’inforination. enl vue tIe Idt prodUct 1011. pouir Liltloo COod 11Ll tLiC. tic svst~rncs efficaces et...tests... ) soit augmentfie. Dana un contexts industriel, ces proefidures devront naturel - ’ 1’ lament s’intlgrer aux opfrations de vlsrification et

  17. Insensitive Munitions (Les Munitions a Risque Attenue)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-07-01

    rencontrees. eat largement utilisee pour caracteriser la vulnerabilite des nouveaux explosifa dana des est naturellement 1lincendie. susceptible d𔄀tre...seconde) permettent de vi- tes, tlu thrie en la pos~se globale (par capteurs de sualiser des instants caractdfistiques de- l’incendie. La du- force...34volume dmettetiur" concernent Ia pression (par capteur ), Ia tempdraturc (par thermocouple), la vi- pour les calculs d’impact de jets; (tempdrature

  18. Description of two new apseudomorphan Tanaidacea (Crustacea: Malacostraca: Peracarida) from the Kochi Backwaters, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    PandiyaRajan, R.S.; Jyothibabu, R.; Arunpandi, N.; Biju, A.

    Biological Centre (IOBC), National Institute of Oceanography, Regional centre-Kochi, India. Results From the 79 stations in the in the Kochi backwaters, a total of 109 individuals of Pagurapseudopsis sp. nov. (57 male, 42 female and 10 juveniles...) and 180 individuals of Ctenapseudes sp. nov. (72 male, 38 female and 70 juveniles) were analyzed. The detailed descriptions of the new species are given below. Systematics Order Tanaidacea Dana, 1849 Suborder Apseudomorph Sieg, 1980 Family...

  19. Pyrethroid insecticide exposure in school-aged children living in rice and aquacultural farming regions of Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Rohitrattana J; Siriwong W; Robson M; Panuwet P; Barr DB; Fiedler N

    2014-01-01

    Juthasiri Rohitrattana,1 Wattasit Siriwong,1,2 Mark Robson,2–4 Parinya Panuwet,5 Dana Boyd Barr,5 Nancy Fiedler3,6 1College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Thai Fogarty (ITREOH) International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health Center, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 3Environmental and Occupational Health Science Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA; 4School of Environmental and Biological...

  20. EST Table: CK539575 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/31 57 %/156 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-...75 10/09/10 low homology 10/09/10 58 %/152 aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 swh ...

  1. EST Table: BP182623 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/29 50 %/175 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-PA 10/08.../10 48 %/146 aa gnl|Amel|GB12396-PA 10/09/10 56 %/161 aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 NRPG ...

  2. EST Table: AV398707 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/28 51 %/126 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-PA 10/08.../10 45 %/122 aa gnl|Amel|GB12396-PA 10/09/10 54 %/111 aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 NV06 ...

  3. EST Table: BP182821 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] 10/08/29 51 %/172 aa FBpp0120238|DanaGF17046-PA 10/08.../10 48 %/146 aa gnl|Amel|GB12396-PA 10/09/10 55 %/159 aa gi|189233738|ref|XP_971576.2| PREDICTED: similar to xaa-pro dipeptidase pepd/pepq(e.coli) [Tribolium castaneum] FS768084 NRPG ...

  4. Software for Guidance and Control: Guidance and Control Panel Symposium (52nd) Held in Helexpo, Thessaloniki, Greece on 7-10 May 1991 (Les Logiciels de Guidage et de Pilotage)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    Caignault, S. Gabison et J.-L. Lebrun Atelier de Spkciicatioti/Maquettage pour les SystJimes de Gestion du Vol 7 (Softare Development Workstation) par 1...for certification credit (e.g. development, configuration management and verification tools). 4. Examine the certification criteria for reusable...d’un m6tier d𔄀quipements av~oniques aont r6partiea particulier dont le savoir-faire eat par- classiquement dana un cycle en V et repr6- faitement

  5. Maintenance River Side Pump Di PTP Nusantara II (Persero) Pabrik Gula Kwala Madu

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Markus

    2010-01-01

    Salah satu usaha pemerintah Indonesia dalam mencukupi kebutuhan gula adalah dengan mendirikan Pabrik Gula Kwala Madu. Pabrik Gula Kwala Madu merupakan salah satu dari enam pabrik pertama dari delapan belas pabrik gula yang direncanakan pmerintah Republik Indonesia dibangun di luar pulau jawa. Pabrik gula Kwala Madu merupakan proyek pemerintah dimana PTP.IX merupakan “Implementing Agent” yang ditunjuk pemerintah untuk mengelolanya. Perbandingan Investasinya adalah 60:40, dimana 40% adalah dana...

  6. Tools for Tomorrow’s Science and Technology Workforce: MATE’s 2006 ROV Competition Sets Students’ Sights on Ocean Observing Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    Education 1201 New York Avenue, NW Suite 420 Washington, D.C. 20005 4Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute 7700 Sandholdt Road Moss Landing...Since 2001, the MATE Center and the ROV Committee have partnered with industry, education, professional society, government, and public aquarium ...being installed in the Strait of Georgia , off the coast of British Columbia. ▼ The Dana Middle School from Hawthorne, CA focused on a career

  7. Land Based Environmental Monitoring at Johnston Island - Disposal of Herbicide Orange

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-09-01

    Edwards) x Platypodia eydouxi (A. Mimne-Ldwards) X x Psaudoliomiera speciosa (Dana) K ?X Tetratia glaberrima ( Herbal ) x Tetratia avp. X j-; --. 1 75 TABLE...Supplied Needed Rod, flcxframe, 1/2 x 20 in. 4 10 Rod, fl-xframc, 1/2 x 33 in. 2 10 Silica gel , indticati:,g, can 13 1 Gla~s wool, roll 1 none Floriil, 60

  8. Department of the Army Justification of Estimates for Fiscal Year 1985 Submitted to Congress February 1984, Procurement, Programs, Aircraft, Missiles, Weapons & Tracked Combat Vehicles. Part 4. Ammunition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-02-01

    3D526) 53 DAKA-PPC (3E443) 5 Cost & Audit (2) APA (9) MIPA (10) DANA-PP (3E374) 1 Plano /Systema (1) PWTCV (10) PAA (11) DAMA-RA (3E360) I Construction (1...transferred 10,000 10.000 Unobhigated balance available, COY 24 4002 For completion of prior year budget pie 390,633 300,163 347,127 𔃿.000l iunobligeted

  9. Using Cyber Capabilities to Inform and Influence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    mail 62 61 Robert B. Cialdini , Influence, The Psychology of Persuasion, (Harper Collins Publishers... Cialdini , Robert B. Influence, The Psychology of Persuasion. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2007. Constine, Josh. “Your Average Facebook Post...and Robert Nowak “Estimating Hop Distance Between Arbitrary Host Pairs,” in INFOCOM 2009 Proceedings, IEEE, 19–25 April 2009, 801. 30 Dana M. Janbek

  10. Prikazi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razni autori

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Mateo Žagar, Grafolingvistika srednjovjekovnih tekstova. Zagreb: Matica hrvatska, 2007.Aleksandar Stipčević, Socijalna povijest knjige u Hrvata. Knjiga III. Od početaka hrvatskoga narodnog preporoda (1835. do danas.Zagreb: Školska knjiga, 2008.Miha Kovač, Never Mind the Web, Here Comes the Book. Oxford: Chandos Publishing, 2008.Miha Kovač - Nives Tomašević, Knjiga, tranzicija, iluzija. Zagreb: Naklada Ljevak, 2009.

  11. Use of Combination Thermal Therapy and Radiation in Breast-Conserving Treatment of Extensive Intraductal Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-07-01

    heart size/Per- effusion/Constrictive heart failure wave inversion and ST sistent abnormality T peric~arditis/Maderato Sever. coastric- R changes... Sociedad Venezolana de Mastologia Major Committee Assignments: 1993- Medical Records Committee, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute 1996- Drug Use...1993 Invited speaker, The University of New Mexico ,"Treatment of Breast Cancer: Mastectormy vs Less" and "Sterotactic Core Needle Biopsy", Albuquerque

  12. Focusing a Transition: A Report by the Defense Business Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    longer be sacro - sanct. The uniformed military must tackle this also. b. Cuts should apply in an “all or nothing” tactic in conjunction with strategy...Relations; Investment Committ ees of Partners Healthcare, Dana- Farber Cancer Institute, Museum of Fine Arts ; Board of Fellows Harvard Medical School...he launched the Kimsey Foundation which provides grants that benefi t the Washington, DC community in areas from arts to education. Over the years

  13. PERIODIZACIJSKI TRENING OD DREVNIH PRETHODNIKA DO STRUKTURIRANIH BLOKOVSKIH MODELA

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Periodizirani trening se s pravom smatra jednim od osnovnih koncepata koji su u pozadini teorije sportske pripreme sportaša. Njegovi povijesni korijeni su povezani sa slavnim tezama koje su postavljali drevni filozofi, dok je kasnija konceptualizacija usko povezana s formiranjem suvremene sportske znanosti (teorija treninga). Današnja klasična verzija periodizacijskog treninga pojavila se u publikacijama tijekom ranog 20. stoljeća te je dosegnula svoju kulminaciju pojavom istaknute Matvejevlj...

  14. PROSEDUR UNDERWRITING PRODUK ASURANSI KESEHATAN KUMPULAN PADA PT. ASURANSI TAKAFUL KELUARGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miftahul Ulum

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Risiko adalah sesuatu yang dapat mengancam aktifitas perusahaan dan dapat menyebabkan gagalnya tujuan. Bagi perusahaan asuransi, risiko adalah ketika terjadi klaim dari peserta. Dengan adanya klaim maka perusahaan akan mengeluarkan sejumlah dana untuk pembayaran klaim tersebut sesuai dengan manfaat yang dijanjikan. Untuk itu, Proses underwriting harus dilakukan dengan cermat dan akurat agar tidak menimbulkan kerugian bagi perusahaan.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v2i1.2476

  15. EST Table: FS763030 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS763030 E_FL_fcaL_32G13_F_0 10/09/28 70 %/151 aa gb|ABG42998.1| splicing factor 45... [Bombyx mori] 10/09/08 48 %/103 aa FBpp0119092|DanaGF15900-PA 10/08/28 n.h 10/09/10 45 %/102 aa AGAP009296-PA Protein|3R:30

  16. Shifting the Paradigm of Trauma Medicine to Positively Influence Critical Mortality Rates Following a Mass Casualty Event

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    OF ARTS IN SECURITY STUDIES (HOMELAND SECURITY AND DEFENSE) from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL June 2009 Author: Dana L. Hall, RPh...system. Occurring at 8:50 am, the first attack occurred between the Aldgate and Liverpool Stations killing seven, followed subsequently within a minute...attack at 9:47 am. Police just happened to be on site. It occurred just across the street from the British Medical Association building which

  17. U.S. Army Chemical Corps Historical Studies, Gas Warfare in World War 1: The 33rd Division along the Meuse, October 1918

    Science.gov (United States)

    1958-07-01

    disorganized detachments, dug in along Dana lea Vaux valley and through the woods east to Meridian 24a Un- der heavy macohine gun, shell, and gas fire , it...Div J58 Throughout the night of 3. - 11 October and the following day inces- sant high explosive, machine gun, and gas fire hampered the division as...it would have been remarkable if the Incessent enemy EX and gas fire , unhampered by divisional efforts to still it, had not produced evidence of gas

  18. Klimatske promjene i rikecioze

    OpenAIRE

    Dželalija, Boris; Lozančić, Toni

    2008-01-01

    Cilj ovoga rada je prikazati suvremena saznanja i spoznaje o utjecaju klimatskih promjena na prirodu rikecija i rikecioza. Izolacija i identifikacija »novih« patogenih rikecija ostvarena je primjenom suvremenih dijagnostičkih testova. Danas je poznato dvadesetak patogenih rikecija, od kojih je njih 13 prepoznato tek proteklih dvadesetak godina. U tom razdoblju zabilježene su nove rikecijske bolesti, raširenost pojedinih rikecioza izvan poznatih endemičnih područja i ponovno epidemijsko javlja...

  19. Reciprocal Interactions between Multiple Myeloma Cells and Osteoprogenitor Cells Affect Bone Formation and Tumor Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Michaela Reagan Betty Diamond 5d. PROJECT NUMBER E-Mail: Michaela.R.Reagan@gmail.com Alternative emails: Michaelar_reagan...gone on to full-time positions at the Institute. Julie Bryar Porter spent her AFP year of 2010-2011 helping transition patient clinics from the Dana...especially making sure you have the right staff involved in a decision or a job,” says Porter . Remembering how generous senior leaders were to her

  20. EST Table: DC433529 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DC433529 E_FL_epM-_03M16_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/120 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/01 34 %/125 aa FBpp0119573|DanaGF16381-PA 10/08/28 n.h

  1. EST Table: FS936817 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS936817 E_FL_fwgP_47D04_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/120 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 34 %/125 aa FBpp0119573|DanaGF16381-PA 10/08/29 n.h

  2. EST Table: FS930272 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS930272 E_FL_fwgP_27K11_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/120 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 34 %/125 aa FBpp0119573|DanaGF16381-PA 10/08/29 n.h

  3. EST Table: FS926752 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS926752 E_FL_fwgP_17F08_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/120 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 34 %/125 aa FBpp0119573|DanaGF16381-PA 10/08/29 n.h

  4. EST Table: FS932746 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS932746 E_FL_fwgP_35C01_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/120 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/13 34 %/125 aa FBpp0119573|DanaGF16381-PA 10/08/29 n.h

  5. EST Table: DC434795 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DC434795 E_FL_epM-_09D03_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/120 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/01 34 %/125 aa FBpp0119573|DanaGF16381-PA 10/08/28 n.h

  6. EST Table: DC436460 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DC436460 E_FL_epM-_15L11_F_0 10/09/28 40 %/120 aa ref|NP_001129360.1| osiris 9 [Bom...byx mori] gb|ACI23620.1| osiris 9 [Bombyx mori] 10/09/01 34 %/125 aa FBpp0119573|DanaGF16381-PA 10/08/28 n.h

  7. EST Table: FY018987 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 65 %/216 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741-PA 11/11...1/04 65 %/217 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 11/11/04 60 %/269 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS825195 bmov ...

  8. EST Table: FY011202 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ibosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 66 %/166 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741-PA 11/11/.../04 63 %/169 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 11/11/04 58 %/221 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS825195 bmov ...

  9. EST Table: FY020101 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 66 %/220 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741-PA 11/11...1/04 64 %/229 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 11/11/04 59 %/281 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS825195 bmov ...

  10. 19th-century American contributions to the recording of tremors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanska, D J

    2000-07-01

    Studies of tremor in the 19th century were based initially on simple observation and later on the use of crude graphic recording devices that had been modified from instruments developed for other purposes. Like several European contemporaries, American investigators studying tremor used and adapted various existing instruments, including tambours and sphygmographs. A tambour used a drum-shaped pneumatic mechanism to transmit movements to a recording instrument, whereas the sphygmograph was a nonpneumatic mechanical device initially used to record the pulse. 19th-century American neurologists who used such devices included Frederick Peterson, Hobart Amory Hare, Charles Loomis Dana, and Augustus A. Eshner. Their measurements of tremor frequency were generally consistent with modern estimates for various types of tremor. Eshner, in particular, was frustrated by the overlap of frequency domains for tremors in different diseases, because this precluded use of tremor frequency alone as a differentiating feature for diagnosis. Peterson and Dana recognized the variation in tremor frequency in different body parts resulting from different natural resonance frequencies of these parts as a function of weight and elastic properties. Peterson, Dana, and Eshner also recognized that tremor amplitude and frequency are inversely related. Finally, these 19th-century investigators recognized that the tremor of Parkinson's disease is a relatively low-frequency rest tremor, suppressed by action, and generally synchronous in symmetric body parts, but varying in amplitude and frequency in different body parts or over time.

  11. Toxicity tests with crustaceans for detecting sublethal effects of potential endocrine disrupting chemicals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wollenberger, Leah

    of effective concentrations (ECx). After having demonstrated that larval development of A. tonsa was a very sensitive endpoint for evaluating effects of chemicals that might interfere with the endocrine system of crustaceans, the larval development test has been applied to two groups of emerging environmental...... of in vitro assays and (sub)chronic copepod tests, as applied in this study, is a valuable tool when screening chemicals suspected to be specifically toxic, in particular, to interfere with the endocrine system. The results of the experimental work as well as the literature survey demonstrated clearly......New and updated test methods to detect and characterise endocrine disrupting chemicals are urgently needed for the purpose of environmental risk assessment. Although endocrine disruption in invertebrates has not been studied as extensive as in vertebrates, in particular in fish, numerous reports...

  12. Toxicity tests with crustaceans for detecting sublethal effects of potential endocrine disrupting chemicals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wollenberger, Leah

    /antagonistic activity with the ecdysteroid-responsive Drosophila melanogaster BII cell line 6) to draft an OECD guideline proposal for testing of chemicals based on the experimental work performed within this study In preliminary investigations with A. tonsa were studied various parameters related to processes...... regulated by hormones such as growth, molting, sexual maturation and reproduction. The primary endpoints were larval development ratio, egg production and sex ratio. Exposure experiments were conducted with naturally occurring and synthetic vertebrate and invertebrate hormones as well as compounds known...... contribution of the present work with BFRs was to establish data on their (sub)chronic toxicity towards marine copepods. To discriminate between general toxicological and endocrine-mediated toxic effects, the model compounds were assessed in vitro for ecdysteroid agonistic/antagonistic activity using...

  13. 基于线粒体cox1片段序列的胶州湾浮游动物DNA条形码分析%DNA BARCODING OF ZOOPLANKTON IN THE JIAOZHOU BAY FOR SPECIES IDENTIFICATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏晓; 程方平; 李超伦; 孙松

    2011-01-01

    species.According to the Bayesian and neighbor-joining trees,the monophyly of all the species was resolved,with the node confidence support value of 1.However,the genetic divergence at the level of genera and family overlapped,possibly owing to the substitutional saturation.The lack of gap precluded the utility of cox1 sequence as the only molecular markers for phylogenetic issues at above levels.At higher taxonomic levels,cox1 sequences exhibited some resolving power by clustering the species within the lineage for some groups,including Copepoda,Scyphozoa,and Chaetognatha.In addition,DNA barcodes allowed recognition of cryptic species and mis-identified species.Based on the analyses of DNA barcodes,species names of several copepods were revised.Acartia hongi and Acartia omorii were mislabeled as Acartia bifilosa and Acartia clausi in previous reports.Acartia pacifica,which had been considered as one species with an apparent ability to live at a very wide range of salinities,was actually comprised of two different species:Acartia pacifica present at high salinity and Acartia ohtsukai at low salinity.Consequently,DNA barcoding based on cox1 fragments were confirmed to be an appealing tool for zooplankton investigations by identifying specimens during all life stages.A comprehensive DNA barcode database will allow rapid assessment of species diversity and distribution of zooplankton in the Chinese coastal regions.%采用cox1基因特异扩增测序的方法,分析了胶州湾45种常见海洋动物的DNA条形码序列82条,联合GenBank中28条cox1序列的分析结果表明:种内个体间遗传差异均值为0.013(0—0.11);属内不同种间遗传差异均值为0.265(0.137—0.369),是种内遗传差异的20多倍,条形码间隙明显。在分子系统树中,所有种类的不同个体都聚成一个单系枝;cox1序列遗传差异在科、属水平发生重叠,无法准确解析上述分类阶元的系统发育关系;但在更高分类阶元,cox1序列具

  14. Oblique map showing maximum extent of 20,000-year-old (Tioga) glaciers, Yosemite National Park, central Sierra Nevada, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpha, T.R.; Wahrhaftig, Clyde; Huber, N.K.

    1987-01-01

    day, but alpine plant species probably thrived where snow was seasonal, much as they occur today. Erratum The branching arrow on the map showing ice flowing from the basin east of Kuna Crest both northeastward around Mount Dana into the Mono Lake drainage and westward to the Tuolumne River is in error. No ice flowed northeastward from this basin through the site of Tioga Pass into the Mono Lake drainage. Although such an interpretation might be possible on the basis oJ the estimated elevation of the ice surface, the field evidence does not support it. A large and persistent boulder train of metamorphic rocks derived from Mount Dana and the mountain (Mount Gibbs) immediately to the south of Mount Dana has been mapped from near the base of Mount Dana westward toward the ice-filled gorge between Pettit Peak and Double Rock (the present Grand Canyon of the Tuolumne), indicating that ice from the west flank of Mount Dana flowed westward down the Tuolumne. In addition, glacial erratics of Cathedral Peak Granodiorite were observed near Tioga Pass (near the head of the erroneous arrow between Mount Dana and Mount Conness). These boulders must have come from the east face of Mount Conness or the mountain south of Mount Conness (White Mountain) and been transported by ice' flowing toward the Tioga Pass area, although the main mass of that ice turned eastward and flowed into the Mono Lake drainage. Tioga Pass was then the site of more-or-less stagnant ice between the Tuolumne drainage and that east of Mount Conness. Both the metamorphic boulder train and the glacial erratics of Cathedral Peak Granodiorite are incompatible with any flow of ice northeastward from the basin east of Kuna Crest into the Mono Lake drainage north of Mount Dana.

  15. Composition of the zooplankton community, with emphasis in copepods, in Punta Morales, Golfo De Nicoya, Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brugnoli-Olivera, Ernesto; Díaz-Ferguson, Edgardo; Delfino-Machin, Mariana; Morales-Ramírez, Alvaro; Arosemena, Arturo Dominici

    2004-12-01

    The composition of the mesozooplanktonic community was studied in the Punta Morales estuary, Gulf of Nicoya, Pacific coast of Costa Rica, during 1997. Oblique plankton hauls were performed during high and low tide using a 280 microm mesh screen net equipped with a flowmeter. The community was characterized by holoplanktonic and meroplanktonic organisms. For the holoplanktonic community, the main groups were copepods (80%) and chaetognaths (16%). The most abundant species were the copepods Acartia lilljeborgii and Paracalanus parvus. A. lilljeborgii is a typical estuarine species that maintains high populations in estuarine systems. Meroplankton was represented mainly by crustacean larvae (66%), and icthyoplankton (18%). The dominance of crustacean larvae and icthyoplankton is an evidence of the ecological importance of the Punta Morales zone.

  16. Environmental forcing on jellyfish communities in a small temperate estuary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primo, Ana Lígia; Marques, Sónia C; Falcão, Joana; Crespo, Daniel; Pardal, Miguel A; Azeiteiro, Ulisses M

    2012-08-01

    The impact of biological, hydrodynamic and large scale climatic variables on the jellyfish community of Mondego estuary was evaluated from 2003 to 2010. Plankton samples were collected at the downstream part of the estuary. Siphonophora Muggiaea atlantica and Diphyes spp. were the main jellyfish species. Jellyfish density was generally higher in summer and since 2005 densities had increased. Summer community analysis pointed out Acartia clausi, estuarine temperature and salinity as the main driven forces for the assemblage's structure. Also, Chl a, estuarine salinity, runoff and SST were identified as the major environmental factors influencing the siphonophores summer interannual variability. Temperature influenced directly and indirectly the community and fluctuation of jellyfish blooms in the Mondego estuary. This study represents a contribution to a better knowledge of the gelatinous plankton communities in small temperate estuaries.

  17. Epibionts and parasites on crustaceans (Copepoda, Cladocera, Cirripedia larvae inhabiting the Gulf of Gdańsk (Baltic Sea in very large numbers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiza Bielecka

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence of epizoic filter-feeding Protozoa (Vorticella and Zoothamnium and parasitic Protozoa (Ellobiopsis on Calanoida was noticed in the Gulf of Gdańsk in 1998, 1999 and 2006. The relatively high (4-16% of all calanoids level of infestation varied depending on the type of infestation (0.1-13% of the population of particular taxa. The dominant copepods – Acartia spp., Temora longicornis and Centropages hamatus - were attacked the most frequently (from 10.5% to 54% of all infested calanoids. Epibiosis and parasitism were observed on all copepod developmental stages (adults, juveniles and nauplii. Epibionts and parasites were located on different parts of the body, but mainly on the prosome. Infestation by epibionts and parasites was not restricted to calanoid copepods: it was also detected in non-negligible numbers on other crustaceans, namely, Harpacticoida, Cladocera (Bosmina sp. and Cirripedia larvae (nauplii in the Gulf of Gdańsk.

  18. Annual variation of copepod community in the Yangshan Port%洋山港浮游桡足类群落的周年变化特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琼; 陈辰; 吴惠仙; 袁林; 边佳胤; 庄骅; 薛俊增

    2013-01-01

    To understand the annual variation of the copepod community structure, abundance, dominant species and diversity in the Yangshan Port, samples were collected monthly from March 2009 to February 2010. The results showed that the dominant species were Limnoithona tetraspina, Acartia pacifica, Labidocera euchaeta, Paraca-lanus aculeatus, Acartia bifilosa, Microsetella norvegica, Paracalanus gracilis and Paracalanus parvus. The sea-sonal variation in the mean abundance was remarkable(F=2.11, P夏(18.60个/L±14.81个/L)>冬(10.98个/L±3.65个/L)>秋(10.57个/L±4.45个/L);生物量则为夏(12359.1 mg/L±18438.1 mg/L)>秋(7796.6 mg/L±1348.6 mg/L)>冬(2944.8 mg/L±1680.9 mg/L)>春(1401.0 mg/L±1057.3 mg/L).桡足类丰度的周年变化呈现双峰型特征,生物量变化呈现单峰型特征.多变量分析显示,优势种的数量变化对洋山港桡足类群落丰度和生物量的季节变化起主要作用.小洋山码头受人类干扰严重,桡足类丰度和多样性与大洋山码头已出现差异,春、冬季小洋山码头的多样性指数(H′)高于大洋山码头,除秋季外,小洋山码头的均匀度指数(J)都高于大洋山码头.

  19. Seasonal change in body length of important small copepods and relationship with environmental factors in Jiaozhou Bay,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Xiaohong; SUN Song; LI Chaolun; WANG Minxiao

    2012-01-01

    Differences among species in prosome length and in species' response to environmental factors do exist.Therefore,it is useful to examine prosome length for different copepod species in variable environments.Seasonal variations in prosome length of four small copepods and their copepodite stages in the Jiaozhou Bay were compared and the relative influence of temperature,salinity,and chlorophyll concentration were examined.Two peaks were found in the mean prosome length of Paracalanusparvus (in early winter and May).For Acartia bifilosa,the maximum values of all copepodites occurred mainly from February to April,and decreased to the bottom in July.Prosome length of Acartia pacifica peaked when it first appeared in June,then reached to the minimum in July.Parvocalanus crassirostris only appeared from late summer to autumn and the mean prosome length showed no clear changes.Correlations of adult prosome length with environmental factors were evaluated.For the four species,temperature was negatively correlated to prosome length except for P.crassirostris.But the different species varied markedly in their responds to temperature.A.bifilosa showed a more definite trend of size variation with temperature than P.parvus and A.pacifica.Correlations of prosome length with salinity were significantly positive for almost all the small copepods.The relationship between chlorophyll concentration and prosome length was complicated for these copepods,but for P.parvus,chlorophyll concentration was also an important affecting factor.Furthermore,investigation needs to be done on food quality for some copepod.These results are essential to estimate the biomass and the production,and to understand these small copepods' population dynamics in this human-affected bay.

  20. PERANCANGAN FLOATING DOCK UNTUK DAERAH PERAIRAN PELABUHAN KOTA TEGAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiryanto Kiryanto

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Floating dock merupakan bangunan air sebagai tempat reparasi kapal yang dinilai cukup efisien dalam pembangunannya karena tidak membutuhkan dana yang terlalu mahal. Di sektor indusrti perkapalan kota tegal sudah memiliki galangan dan dock reparasi kapal yang cukup berkembang.  Ide perancangan floating dock ini dirancang sebagai alternatif baru pelayanan reparasi kapal. Perancangan floating dock ini juga memperhatikan dengan detail kapasitas kapal – kapal yang pernah melakukan repararasi di sekitar galangan di Kota Tegal agar ditemukan ukuran utama floating dock yang tepat. Dari Kapasitas kapal yang ada dan berdasarkan metode perbandingan ukuran beberapa floating dock, maka ditemukan ukuran utama yang tepat untuk menampung kebutuhan pelayanan reparasi kapal yaitu LOA = 136,37 m, Lpt = 114.80 m, Bmax = 36,40 m, Bmd: 30,80 m, Tmin = 0,86 m, Tmax = 1,58 m, Hpt = 2,10 m, HOA = 9,60 m. Berdasarkan perhitungan ditemukan juga Ton Lifting Capacity (TLC sebesar 3000 ton. Perancangan menggunakan software perkapalan yaitu dengan menggunakan AutoCad, Delftship, Maxsurf dan Hidromax. Dengan analisa stabilitas menggunakan software Hidromax diketahui bahwa floating dock ini mampu memiliki stabilitas yang baik dengan 4 kondisi yang semua memenuhi criteria  International Maritime Organisation (IMO. Perancangan floating dock ini juga menghitung analisa ekonomis dan investasi. Dari rekapitulasi dana investasi pembangunan floating dock yaitu sebesar Rp.136.622.888.000,00 dengan nilai kembali atau break even point selama 10 tahun dengan modal sendiri, 14 tahun dengan 50% modal sendiri dan 50 % pinjaman bank, dan break event point 18 tahun untuk dana pembangunan floating dock yang berasal dari 100 % pinjaman bank

  1. Multi-species generalist predation on the stochastic harvested clam Tivela mactroides (Mollusca, Bivalvia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turra, Alexander; Fernandez, Wellington S.; Bessa, Eduardo; Santos, Flavia B.; Denadai, Márcia R.

    2015-12-01

    Top-down control is an important force modulating the abundance of prey and structuring marine communities. The harvested trigonal clam Tivela mactroides is hypothesized to be part of the diet of a variety of marine organisms, with its stock influencing predator abundance and being influenced by them. Here we analyzed the diet of potential predators of T. mactroides in Caraguatatuba Bay, northern coast of São Paulo State, Brazil, to identify the main consumers of this marine resource, and also to address the importance of this clam in the diet of each predator. Samples were taken year-round by trawls; all specimens collected were identified and measured and the food items identified and quantified. Twenty-one species consumed T. mactroides, whose importance in the diet varied greatly in both the volume ingested and the frequency of occurrence (pompano Trachinotus carolinus > blue crab Callinectes danae > starfish Astropecten marginatus). Top-down influence on T. mactroides was also dependent on the abundance of consumers (yellow catfish Cathorops spixii > rake stardrum Stellifer rastrifer > barred grunt Conodon nobilis > A. marginatus). Considering the mean volume ingested, the frequency of occurrence of T. mactroides in the diet, and the relative abundance of consumers, the predators that most influenced T. mactroides were T. carolinus, A. marginatus, and C. danae, in decreasing order. Large numbers of small-sized individuals of T. mactroides (<10 mm) were generally preyed upon by A. marginatus, which may have a stronger effect on clam abundance in comparison to C. danae and T. carolinus, which preyed upon larger clams. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that predators' consumption of T. mactroides in Caraguatatuba Bay can influence its stocks, mainly due to the type and/or abundance of predator species, the volume and number of individuals of T. mactroides preyed upon, and the temporal variations in the abundance of predators.

  2. Nanoplazmonski metamaterijali za novu generaciju hemijskih, biohemijskih i bioloških senzora

    OpenAIRE

    Tanasković, Dragan M.

    2016-01-01

    Potreba za osetljivim senzorima hemijskih, biohemijskih i bioloških agensa u današnjem svetu sve je veća, od industrije, preko biomedicine, do očuvanja okoline i protivterorističke odbrane. MeĎu najosetljivijim i najsvestranijim napravama ove vrste su elektromagnetni senzori, naročito oni koji svoju funkciju zasnivaju napovršinskimplazmonima-polaritonima (surface plasmons polaritons, SPP) na meĎupovršini metal-dielektrik. Sa dolaskom nanotehnologija otvorila se mogućnost da se proizvedu metal...

  3. Etude de la Recharge de l’Accumulateur Plomb-Acide Red Camel Entre +20 C et -30 C (A Study of the Rechargeability of the Red Camel Lead-Acid Battery between +20 C and -30 C).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-01

    Pour un voltage limite imposg de 14.3 V et une dur~e de charge de 7 heures, les rendements en courant (Rc) et en gnergie fi1ectrique (Re), calcul~s en...pour le d~marrage des v~hicules A moteur . Cependant en dega de -20*C, on assiste A une diminution importante des performances en dicharge rapide...rficup~ration de la capaciti dana le calcul des rendements en courant et en finergie filectrique. CONDUITE DES ESSAIS Lors de toul lea easais, le courant

  4. Seši u Plitvičkim jezerima

    OpenAIRE

    Pasarić, Miroslava; Slaviček, Lasta

    2016-01-01

    Poduzeta su visokofrekventna mjerenja razine vode u dva najveća plitvička jezera, u Prošću i u Kozjaku, kako bi se istražili seši. Mjerenja su rađena s intervalom uzorkovanja od 1 minute tijekom perioda od 46 dana i to na dva suprotna kraja u svakom jezeru, što je dalo informaciju i o međusobnom odnosu faza. Izračunati su spektri snage kako bi se odredili periodi vlastitih modova. Opaženi maksimimi su interpretirani uz pomoć teorijskih rezultata, dobivenih jednostavnom numeričkom metodom Defa...

  5. Utjecaj ekstraezofagealnog refluksa na učestalost komplikacija i kvalitetu glasa bolesnika s govornom protezom [Influence of extraesophageal reflux on the occurrence of voice prosthesis complications and voice quality after total laryngectomy and voice prosthesis implantation

    OpenAIRE

    Đanić Hadžibegović, Ana

    2013-01-01

    Uvod i cilj istraživanja Traheoezofagealni govor pomoću GP danas je zlatni standard u govornoj rehabilitaciji laringektomiranih bolesnika. Međutim, kvalitetu glasa kao i kvalitetu života značajno narušavaju komplikacije GP koje mogu biti posljedica pojedinih kirurških postupaka tijekom laringektomije i formiranja TEF ili su vezane uz TEF i samu GP. Nekoliko je rizičnih čimbenika koji pridonose razvoju komplikacija GP, a posljednjih pet godina mali broj studija proučavalo je utjecaj EER na ...

  6. POBOLJŠAVANJA U SUSTAVU UPRAVLJANJA KVALITETOM METODOLOGIJOM "LEAN SIX SIGMA"

    OpenAIRE

    Kondić, Živko; Maglić, Leon

    2008-01-01

    Sustavi upravljanja kvalitetom postoje u većini organizacija koje su danas prisutne na tržištu. Jedan je od važnih ciljeva u tim organizacijama postići zadovoljstvo kupca. Kako bi se približile tom cilju organizacije nastoje kontinuirano poboljšavati svoje sustave upravljanja kvalitetom. Tijekom godina razvile su se mnoge tehnike poboljšavanja, a jedna od najsuvremenijih je i "Lean Six Sigma". U radu se prikazuje razvoj najvažnijih tehnika poboljšanja. Također su prikazane i osnovne karakteri...

  7. O ranokršćanskoj pasiji Četvorice Ovjenčanih (Passio ss. Quattuor Coronatorum)

    OpenAIRE

    Damjanović, Darija

    2009-01-01

    Pod imenom Quattuor Coronati ili Četvorica Ovjenčanih krije se spoj dviju skupina različitih mučeničkih svetaca iz ranog doba kršćanstva. Od kada je pred kraj 19. stoljeća Wattenbach objavio tri kodeksa s tekstom legende, interes za rješavanje brojnih pitanja koja ona donosi ne jenjava sve do danas. Taj “povijesni roman” životopis je petorice klesara iz jednog panonskog kamenoloma, čijem se kultu pridodaju i anonimni rimski mučenici. Brojni izvori od kasne antike do srednjeg vijeka spominju t...

  8. STRES V DELOVNEM OKOLJU

    OpenAIRE

    Erazem, Jure

    2014-01-01

    Vsak izmed nas se slej kot prej sooči s težavami zaradi stresa v delovnem okolju. Le-ta namreč v današnjem času zelo hitro narašča, zato moramo najti način, kako se spoprijeti z njim kot delavec ali kot organizacija. Lahko je neopazen, dokler ni prepozno, zaradi česar lahko resno zbolimo. V diplomskem delu smo najprej opredelili stres, pri čemer smo natančno opisali, kaj stres sploh je. Potem smo opredelili vrste stresa, v nadaljevanju pa smo se posvetili stresu na delovnem mestu. Pri ome...

  9. KUĆE MANDEKIĆA U MARAMI - NAPUŠTENOM NASELJU U SREDNJEM VELEBITU

    OpenAIRE

    KNIFIĆ SCHAPS, HELENA

    2003-01-01

    Zaselak Marama nalazi se u Srednjem Velebitu, unutar granice Parka prirode "Velebit", na prosječnoj nadmorskoj visini od 590 m. Danas je napušten, no proboj trase makadamske ceste 2001. i dolazak električne struje potkraj 2003. stvara uvjete za povratak i boravak stanovništva, makar i povremeni. Napušteni i poluurušeni kompleks kuća na putu prema Mrkvištu gradila je obitelj Mandekić, nekad najbogatija u ovome kraju. Mirko Mandekić, potomak utemeljitelja naselja Tome Mandekića, radeći u Ame...

  10. The universe in zero words the story of mathematics as told through equations

    CERN Document Server

    Mackenzie, Dana

    2012-01-01

    Most popular books about science, and even about mathematics, tiptoe around equations as if they were something to be hidden from the reader's tender eyes. Dana Mackenzie starts from the opposite premise: He celebrates equations. No history of art would be complete without pictures. Why, then, should a history of mathematics--the universal language of science--keep the masterpieces of the subject hidden behind a veil? The Universe in Zero Words tells the history of twenty-four great and beautiful equations that have shaped mathematics, science, and society--from the elementary

  11. PRIMERJAVA ARHITEKTUR, ELEMENTOV IN MEHANIZMOV DELOVANJA IPTV SISTEMOV Z ENOSTAVNIMI IN PAMETNIMI TV KOMUNIKATORJI

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Magistrsko delo prikazuje razlike med naprednimi in enostavnimi IPTV-komunikatorji ter hkrati primerja IPTV-sistema, v katerih delujeta primerjana TV-komunikatorja. TV-komunikatorji predstavljajo enega izmed najpomembnejših elementov IPTV-sistema, saj uporabniku omogočajo dostop IPTV-storitev. Najprej je opisana kratka zgodovina televizije, od prve implementacije do današnjega časa. Obrazložena je razlika med analogno in digitalno televizijo, slednja pa tudi podrobneje opisana in razčlenje...

  12. Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    April 24, 2001; Steven Mufson and Dana Milbank, “Taiwan to Get Variety of Arms,” Washington Post, April 24, 2001; Neil King Jr., “Bush Defers Sale of...George W. Bush, “Your World with Neil Cavuto,” Fox News, June 8, 2005. 146 A DSCA official, Ed Ross, read the speech on September 19, 2005, in San Diego...Representatives Rob Simmons, Lane Evans, Roskoe Bartlett , Chris Smith, John Hostettler, Madeleine Bordallo, Trent Franks, and Jeb Bradley, January 31 and

  13. RAZVOJNI POMEN PLANIRANJA NASLEDSTVA V LASTNIŠTVU IN VODENJU ZA DRUŽINSKO PODJETJE

    OpenAIRE

    Weindorfer, Petra

    2010-01-01

    Točka preloma, ko se začne podjetje dokončno opredeljevati kot družinsko podjetje, je trenutek umika podjetnika, ki je podjetje ustanovil, in prepuščanje funkcij v podjetju potomcem. Podjetja bodo v današnjih negotovih razmerah lažje preživela boj s konkurenco in se razvijala, če bodo planirala proces nasledstva, saj je planiranje procesa nasledstva zagotovo področje, katero lahko vpliva na nadaljnji razvoj in uspeh podjetja. Planiranje nasledstva bi moralo potekati v skladu z nasledstven...

  14. ANALISIS PENGARUH CAR, FDR, BOPO DAN NPF TERHADAP PROFITABILITAS PADA PT BANK MUAMALAT INDONESIA TBK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desi Ariyani

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia telah memberikan kontribusi positif bagi perekonomian nasional. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari parameter rasio pembiayaan terhadap dana pihak ketiga dan ekuitas (FDR/financing to deposit ratio yang rata-rata mencapai 105%. Bandingkan dengan parameter sejenis di perbankan konvensional, LDR (loan to deposit ratio yang rata-rata tidak lebih dari 55%. Konsep perbankan Syariah yang selalu menjaga keseimbangan antara sektor moneter dan riil memengaruhi tercapainya prestasi itu.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v2i1.2474

  15. Distribución geográfica y depredación de Porites lobata (Antbozoa: Scleractinia) en la costa occidental de México

    OpenAIRE

    Reyes Bonilla, Héctor; Pérez Viva, Tito Livio; Ketchum Mejía, James T

    2015-01-01

    El coral hermatípico Porites [obata Dana, 1846 es una de las especies más importantes en las comunidades arrecifales de América Central. pero fue registrada en México hasta 1992, en el Archipiélago de. Revillagigedo. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue el de dar a conocer la distribución geográfica y algunos aspectos de la biología de P. labata en la costa occidental de México, a partir de observaciones de campo y datos de literatura. Esta especie se distribuye en México dentro de un segment...

  16. The Mix of Military and Civilian Faculty at the United States Air Force Academy: Finding a Sustainable Balance for Enduring Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    scholarship that is not possible with purely civilian faculty. 9 See ADM Charles R. Larson (ret.), Study and Report Related to Permanent Professors at the...stated, 4 Brig Gen Dana Born, “Dean’s Response to the Larson Report on the Faculty System at the Air Force Academy,” December 3, 2004, p. 4. 16 The...assume in their cadet squad- rons , which are guided by AOCs and AMTs, it makes sense that cadets would perceive commandant staff members as having the

  17. PALISADES TOYS:“X档案”系列2迷你玩偶

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丽倩(编译); 志君(编译); 青华(编译)

    2005-01-01

    该系列杂锦包带有系列1的所有配件,并有同样的娱乐性。另外还有更大的惊喜。玩偶包括了Fox Mulder.Dana Scul1y,Skinner等主要角色。全盒装32款玩偶均具有独立包装。当地售价:200美元(折合人民币约1622元)

  18. Impact of Advanced Avionics Technology on Ground Attack Weapon Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-01

    cette cat~gorie distinguer encore plusicurs cas - L’autodirecteur est semi- actif , c’est-A-dire qu’il n~cessite une illumination de l’objectif. Cette...coiae Ions d’une acquisition directe par un capteur aur l’avion. L’autonomie accrue des armements, s’accunpagne donc d’une plus grande pr~paration des...dsnt - se servir des autres avions d’attaque cocme autant de capteurs intdgr~s dana un dispositif coop~ratif. En dehors des besoins ds performances

  19. Poremećaj funkcionalnosti fibrinoliznog mehanizma kod bolesnika sa venskom trombozom

    OpenAIRE

    Vučković, Biljana

    2014-01-01

    Tromboza danas, u većini razvijenih zemalja, predstavlja vodeći uzrok obolevanja i umiranja. Poslednjih godina veoma aktuelna su istraživanja venskog tromboembolizma, obzirom da je incidenca ovog oboljenja 2/1000 osoba godišnje, a njegov razvoj posledica udruženog delovanja više genetskih i stečenih faktora rizika. Što preciznije prepoznavanje i sagledavanje što većeg broja ovih faktora osnovni je cilj u borbi, kako protiv prve epizode venske tromboze, tako i proti...

  20. Redescriptions of two species of Lepeophtheirus (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida, Caligidae parasitic on teleost marine fishes from the coastal zone of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Luque

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Two species of Lepeophtheirus Nordmann, 1832 parasitic on the ariid fish Netuma barba Lacépède, 1803, and the bothiid fish Paralichthys sp. from the coastal zone of the State of Rio de Janeiro, are redescribed and illustrated: L. bagri Dana, 1852, and L. monacanthus Heller, 1865. New junior synonyms for these species are proposed: L. marginatus syn.n., L. christianensis syn.n. and L. platensis syn.n. of L. bagri and L. unispinosus syn.n. of L. monacanthus.

  1. Povijest publikacije "Znakovi i kratice na pomorskim kartama" u izdanju Hidrografskog instituta

    OpenAIRE

    Duplančić Leder, Tea; Leder, Nenad

    2010-01-01

    Povijest pomorske kartografije može se vrlo dobro pratiti na osnovi novih izdanja publikacije „Znakovi i kratice na pomorskim kartama“. U radu su prikazana sva izdanja te publikacije za područje istočne obale Jadranskog mora, od prvog izdanja iz 1929. godine na jednom listu, pa sve do današnjega, 5. izdanja. Svako novo izdanje sadrži sve više znakova i kratica, a njegov je sadržaj usklađen sa svjetskim trendovima u pomorskoj kartografiji. Tako su pomorske karte, kao nijedna druga vrsta temats...

  2. Air/oil separator with minimal space requirements in the crankcase venting system; Oelnebelabscheidung in der Kurbelgehaeuseentlueftung auf engstem Raum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bastias, P. [Dana Sealing and Plastics Products Design Center, Paris, TN (United States); Brueckle, T.; Grafl, D.; Sattler-Laegel, T.; Spaeth, B. [Reinz-Dichtungs-GmbH, Neu-Ulm (Germany); Caloghero, D. [Victor Reinz Mercosur (VRM), Gravatai (Brazil)

    2005-12-01

    An important function for crankcase venting is the separation of oil mist from the blow-by gas. In this area, engine builders place widely varying demands on their development suppliers. Not only must air/oil separator systems be highly efficient, robust, functionally reliable, flexible and compact, they must also be cost-effective. Reinz-Dichtungs-GmbH, a Dana Corporation company, set up a global development team to take on the challenge. The result is one of today's smallest and at the same time most efficient air/oil separator systems - the Multitwister. (orig.)

  3. SISTEM LEMBAGA KEUANGAN SHARI’AH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shinta Dewianty

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Lembaga Keuangan Shari’ah merupakan embrio kekuatan ekonomi di negara ini, di zamannya ia mampu menjadi sistem yang bisa mensejahterakan umatnya. Di masa krisis, ia mampu lolos dari kebangkrutan, sekalipun tidak mendapat bantuan dana BLBI. Konsep yang mengandung keshari’ahan ini harus menjadi kekuatan baru dalam membangkitkan kembali perekonomian negeri ini. Sistem lembaga Keuangan Shari’ah ini berkembang pesat memainkan peranan penting dalam mengalokasikan sumber daya dan meningkatkan pembangunan ekonomi. Tulisan ini merupakan studi pustaka dimana penulis mencoba menjelaskan bagaimana sistem lembaga keuangan islam di berbagai Negara, dan kemudian di bandingkan dengan penerapan sistem lembaga keuangan di Indonesia.

  4. MOGUĆNOSTI UZGOJA VELIKIH MORSKIH RAKOVA (HLAP, JASTOG)

    OpenAIRE

    Strunjak-Perović, I.; Teskeredžić, E.; Tomec, M.

    1999-01-01

    Potkraj 19. stoljeća u Europi i u Sjevernoj Americi započeo je eksperimentalni rad na uzgoju velikih morskih rakova. Velika potražnja za mesom tih rakova te njihova visoka cijena ponukali su mnoge ustanove na proučavanje mogućnosti komercijalne proizvodnje u raznim dijelovima svijeta. Za pokuse su najčešće uzimani hlapovi (Homarus sp.), pa o njima danas ima i najviše podataka. Uzgoj se jastoga (Palinurus elephas), zbog kompliciranoga ličinačkog stadija, za sada odvija uglavnom u eksperimental...

  5. 石油行业面临的十大问题纵览

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    亚洲国家石油公司疯狂收购上游资产如果行业观察者质疑国家石油公司对上游公司展开积极收购的能力和决心,那么韩国国家石油公司(KNOC)近日对英国达纳石油公司(Dana Petroleum)成功进行的恶意收购就能打消这种疑虑。

  6. Počeci igranja nogometa u Ðakovu

    OpenAIRE

    Bijelić, Borislav

    2008-01-01

    U članku se pokušava odgovoriti na pitanja kada se i u kakvim prilikama počeo igrati nogomet u Ðakovu. Na osnovi uvida u relativno skromnu građu, autor ističe kako se nogomet u Ðakovu organizirano igra već od 1908. godine te da je do izbijanja Drugoga svjetskog rata u gradu djelovalo nekoliko klubova. Prvi među njima koji je uspio opstati duže od godinu dana bio je Hrvatski športski klub “Orao”.

  7. Título da página electrónica: The Modernist Journals Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António Sousa Ribeiro

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Sediado nas Universidades de Brown e de Tulsa, este projecto visa proporcionar o acesso digital a publicações periódicas do modernismo anglo‑saxónico, incluindo os chamados “little magazines”. O núcleo inicial do projecto, o acesso digital à revista The New Age (1907-1922, irá sendo alargado a um conjunto de outras publicações, que inclui, para já, Dana (1904-1905, anunciando‑se para breve a disponibilização da publicação vorticista Blast, dirigida por Wyndham Lewis. O projecto inclui també...

  8. SPLETNO OGLAŠEVANJE S POUDARKOM NA SOCIALNIH OMREŽJIH: PRIMER SPLETNE TRGOVINE ZOO MARKET REX

    OpenAIRE

    Duh, Tjaša

    2012-01-01

    V diplomskem seminarju z naslovom Spletno oglaševanje s poudarkom na socialnih omrežjih smo se osredotočili na metode spletnega oglaševanja, raziskali prednosti in slabosti ter teoretična izhodišča povezali s primerom spletne trgovine Zoo Market Rex. V današnjem sodobnem in konkurenčnem okolju postaja elektronsko poslovanje vse bolj razširjena oblika poslovanja. Najpogostejši obliki sta spletna trgovina in spletno oglaševanje. Internet je medij prihodnosti in prav s tega vidika je smiselna vz...

  9. Utjecaj koncentrata proteina sirutke na rast i preživljavanje probiotičkih bakterija u sirutki

    OpenAIRE

    Matijević, Bojan; Božanić, Rajka; Tratnik, Ljubica; Jeličić, Irena

    2008-01-01

    U radu je istražen utjecaj dodatka koncentrata proteina sirutke (KPS) na rast i aktivnost probiotičkih sojeva Lactobacilus acidophilus La-5 i Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 u slatkoj rekonstituiranoj sirutki te na njihovo preživljavanje tijekom 28 dana hladnog čuvanja (4 °C) fermentirane sirutke. Praćena je fermentacija sirutke pri 37 °C bez i sa dodatkom 1,5 i 3% KPS. Fermentacija sirutke s Lactobacilus acidophilus La-5, kojoj je dodano 3% KPS, bila je oko 1 sat kraća (~14 sati...

  10. MathSciNet i kemija

    OpenAIRE

    Dravec-Braun, J.

    2006-01-01

    MathSciNet je svjetski poznata bibliografska i citatna baza matematièkih publikacija. Ona je elektronièka inaèica referativnog èasopisa Mathematical Reviews i Current mathematical publications koje izdaje American Mathematical Society. SadrÞi bibliografske podatke publikacija izdanih u razdoblju od 1940. do danas. Veæina èlanaka i drugih publikacija recenzirana je, pa se uz bibliografske referencije nalazi kritièki prikaz, saÞetak (Review Text).

  11. Learning to Generate Dialogue: Theory, Practice, and Evaluation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McCallie, Ellen; Simonsson, Elin; Gammon, Ben

    2007-01-01

    . It then describes how one institution, the Science Museum's Dana Centre, London, has conceptualised, implemented, and refined its understanding of dialogue events based on iterative processes of theory-building, practice, and evaluation. It concludes by outlining future directions for promoting a broader culture......-commonly called dialogue events-that bring scientific and technical experts, social scientists, and policymakers into discussion with members of the public about contemporary science-based issues. This article clarifies the difference between non-policy-informing dialogue events and other interactions in museums...... of engagement through dialogue related to science and society...

  12. Doing Dialogue: Genre and Flexibility in Public Engagement with Science

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davies, Sarah Rachael

    2009-01-01

    'Public engagement with science' is an increasingly important but contested practice. In this study of London's Dana Centre I look at dialogue events carried out there as a case study of public engagement, performing a detailed analysis in order to examine their nature and practice. The analysis...... traditional genres such as lectures. While it seems there is flexibility in the practice of these informal dialogue events, they are, however, not open to reinvention by all participants equally. The fluidity of practice observed may be due to the newness of these kinds of processes in most people...

  13. UČINAK KALIJEVOG I NATRIJEVOG LAKTATA NA ODRŽIVOST JUNEĆEG MLJEVENOG MESA PRI RAZLIČITIM UVJETIMA SKLADIŠTENJA

    OpenAIRE

    Šmidt, Gordana; Kovačić, Mirela; Grgurić, Ivana; Bertinovec, Ines

    2009-01-01

    Svježe mljeveno juneće meso tretirano kalijevim laktatom (KL) i natrijevim laktatom (NaL) u količini od 4% dodanima pojedinačno, odnosno svaki po 2% kada su kombinirani, upakirano je u modificiranu atmosferu sačinjenu od O2 i CO2 u omjeru 80%:20%, i skladišteno pri 2ºC i 8ºC kroz 7 dana. Uzorci su analizirani prvi, četvrti, šesti i sedmi dan. Rezultati ispitivanja pokazali su da je utjecaj KL i NaL na broj aerobnih mezofilnih bakterija podjednak, te su tretirani uzorci...

  14. VARSTVO DELAVK MATER V LUČI NOVEJŠE SODNE PRAKSE EU

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Uskladiti poklicno in družinsko življenje je velik izziv za delavke matere, sploh v današnjem času, ko sta v večini primerov zaposlena tako oče kot mati. Cilj na področju delovnega prava je zato zagotavljati delavkam materam posebno varstvo. S tem je mišljeno predvsem varstvo pred prekinitvijo poklicne poti zaradi materinstva. Veliko žensk se zanj namreč ne odloča ravno z razlogom bojazni pred odpovedjo pogodbe o zaposlitvi s strani delodajalca ter kolebanjem med materinstvom in kariero. Dipl...

  15. Energija i kvalitet obrade abrazivnim vodenim mlazom

    OpenAIRE

    BARALIĆ, Jelena

    2014-01-01

    Obrada abrazivnim vodenim mlazom je jedna od nedavno razvijenih nekonvencionalnih proizvodnih tehnologija. Danas se sve više koristi u industriji zahvaljujući svojim mnogobrojnim prednostima nad ostalim tehnologijama rezanja. Međutim, da bi obrada abrazivnim vodenim mlazom našla što širu primenu u industriji i da bi se unapredile njene performanse, neophodno je razumevanje brojnih ulaznih i izlaznih parametara ove obrade, kao i uticaj ulaznih parametara na izlazne parametre. U doktorskoj dise...

  16. Računalniške didaktične igre za predšolske otroke

    OpenAIRE

    Taleski Gržinič, Nataša

    2015-01-01

    V današnjih časih si težko predstavljamo življenje brez tehnologije, ki je prisotna povsod. Po drugi strani pa igra sodi k vsakemu otroku in že od nekdaj velja, da jo sleherni otrok pozna in ima rad. Igranje je za otroke življenjskega pomena, kajti preko igre otrok spoznava svet okoli sebe ter dobiva vpogled v dogodke in situacije. V diplomskem delu se ukvarjamo z igranjem predšolskih otrok s pomočjo tehnologije, natančneje preko osebnega in tabličnega računalnika. Posebno pozornost posvečamo...

  17. Kratak uvod u semitske studije

    OpenAIRE

    Agostini, Paolo

    2001-01-01

    Članak uvodi čitatelje u problematiku semitskih jezika i naroda. Nakon osvrta na nazivlje i na dublje veze semitskih jezika s drugim jezičnim porodicama, autor iznosi lingvističke, povijesne i ine podatke o pojedinim semitskim jezicima i narodima u razdoblju od drevnosti do naših dana. U tom sklopu autor daje pregled prošlosti Akađana, Babilonaca, Asiraca, naroda kanaanskih jezika (osobito Hebreja), Arapa, južnih Arabljana i Etiopljana.

  18. EST Table: AU005889 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AU005889 wv40224 10/09/28 100 %/128 aa ref|NP_001036841.1| Annexin IX isoform A [Bo...mbyx mori] dbj|BAA92809.1| annexin IX-A [Bombyx mori] 10/08/28 76 %/128 aa FBpp0119685|DanaGF16493-PA 10/08/...9 10/09/10 65 %/128 aa gnl|Amel|GB16448-PA 10/09/10 76 %/128 aa gi|91092420|ref|XP_967931.1| PREDICTED: similar to Annexin IX CG5730-PC [Tribolium castaneum] NM_001043376 wv4 ...

  19. EST Table: BB982110 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BB982110 ovS3002A12r 10/09/28 100 %/133 aa ref|NP_001036841.1| Annexin IX isoform A... [Bombyx mori] dbj|BAA92809.1| annexin IX-A [Bombyx mori] 10/08/28 77 %/131 aa FBpp0119685|DanaGF16493-PA 10...ANXB9 10/09/10 65 %/131 aa gnl|Amel|GB16448-PA 10/09/10 76 %/132 aa gi|91092420|ref|XP_967931.1| PREDICTED: similar to Annexin IX CG5730-PC [Tribolium castaneum] NM_001043376 ovS3 ...

  20. EST Table: BP179437 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BP179437 ovS302G04f 10/09/28 87 %/140 aa ref|NP_001106136.1| Annexin IX isoform B [...Bombyx mori] dbj|BAA92810.1| annexin IX-B [Bombyx mori] 10/08/29 68 %/138 aa FBpp0119685|DanaGF16493-PA 10/0...XB9 10/09/10 59 %/138 aa gnl|Amel|GB16448-PA 10/09/10 67 %/140 aa gi|91092420|ref|XP_967931.1| PREDICTED: similar to Annexin IX CG5730-PC [Tribolium castaneum] NM_001043376 ovS3 ...

  1. Hemoglobin A1c: Standardizacija “zlatnog standarda”

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) je u proteklih 30 godina primjene postao "zlatnim standardom" u kliničkom praćenju šećerne bolesti. Dobra kontrola glikemije, izražena kroz koncentraciju HbA1c ≤7%, danas je klinički normativ kroz koji se procjenjuje djelotvornost terapije i rizik pojave komplikacija šećerne bolesti i glavna tema komunikacije između dijabetologa i pacijenata. Raznovrsna i nestandardizirana metodologija, varijabilnost kemijskih entiteta nastalih glikacijom molekule hemoglobina i nepos...

  2. Behaviour and Analysis of Mechanically Fastened Joints in Composite Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-01

    faiblement alli6 25CD4, lea via utilis6es devant dana ce cas 6tre elles-m~mes prot6gfies par vernis. Tous ces dcrous mont A chazubrage profond af in de...FOR IVAU52C DOUBLE-LAP JOINT 21-12 SPECIMN No0. Is" -16 0 5It 1 -16RE UREII 32 4.1 7 6 7t 1 Ii It31 ilk CYCLE I t6 IŚ LEW 6.61 ;EQ66 46.66 WEB WEB

  3. Speech at the night assembly of the national council on 24 November, 1918

    OpenAIRE

    Radić, Stjepan

    2013-01-01

    Title: Govor na noćnoj sjednici Narodnog vijeća dana 24. studenoga 1918 (Speech at the night assembly of the national council on 24 November, 1918). Originally published: Dom, on 25 and 31 March, 1920 Language: CroatianThe excerpts used are from Stjepan Radić, Politički spisi; autobiografije, članci, govori, rasprave, ed. by Zvonimir Kolundžić, (Zagreb: Znanje, 1971), pp. 323–327, 332–335. About the author Stjepan Radić [1871, Trebarjevo Desno (central Croatia) – 1928, Zagreb]: politician and...

  4. Kiša zmija

    OpenAIRE

    Kurelić, Zoran

    2012-01-01

    U ovom radu autor prikazuje i interpretira dvije različite kinoverzije Coppolina klasičnog filma Apokalipsa danas. Verzije se razlikuju po tome što jedna od njih završava scenom bombardiranja koja je u kasnijim izdanjima filma potpuno nestala. Upravo u nestaloj sceni autor pronalazi najzanimljiviji smisao filma te pokazuje zašto je izostavljena scena fundamentalna. Koristeći se Arendtinom interpretacijom Conradova romana Srce tame, koji je scenaristički iskorišten u Apokalip...

  5. Upravljanje položajem i brzinom elektromehaničkog aktuatora (EMA) za primjene u zračnom prostoru

    OpenAIRE

    TODIĆ, Ivana; MILOŠ, Marko; Pavišić, Mirko

    2013-01-01

    Težište ovog rada je upravljanje elektromehaničkim aktuatorom (EMA) za primjene u zračnom prostoru. Upravljanje EMA je ostvareno uporabom pozicijskog regulatora i upravljanja koje kombinira položaj i brzinu regulatora. Osnovna smjernica bila je smanjenje gubitaka snage, zagrijavanja i potrošnje struje u sustavu. Jedno od važnih područja u okviru pogona promjenljivim brzinama motora su operativne granice sustava. Danas se operativne granice pogona s promjenljivim brzinama motora postavljaju na...

  6. Presoja notranjih kontrol pri obračunu davka na dodano vrednost na primeru "Podjetja x"

    OpenAIRE

    Majcen, Borut

    2016-01-01

    Poslovanje podjetja si je ob odsotnosti notranjih kontrol nemogoče predstavljati. Podjetja so podvržena raznim tveganjem, še posebej v današnjih razmerah globalnega poslovanja, ko se podjetja soočajo z vedno novimi izzivi, kar prinaša tudi nova tveganja. Najučinkovitejši ukrep za obvladovanje tveganj predstavlja vzpostavitev sistema notranjih kontrol. Obvladovanje tveganj pa ne poteka samo na ravni podjetja kot celote, ampak je prisotno na vseh področjih delovanja podjetja, torej tudi na p...

  7. Nadzor influence u dvorišne peradi i ptica selica u Sloveniji

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Uzeti su uzorci krvi i obrisci nečisnica slobodnoživućih ptica selica i dvorišne peradi. Imunoenzimni test i inhibicija hemaglutinacije korišteni su kako bi se u slobodnoživućih ptica selica i dvorišne peradi utvrdila nazočnost protutijela za viruse influence ptica. Skupni uzorci briseva nečisnica korišteni su za izdvajanje virusa influence ptica. Uzorci su inokulirani u 9 do 11 dana stare kokošje embrije. Sakupljena je amnioalantoisna tekućina i pretražena na sposobnost hem-aglutinacije. Sku...

  8. Electromagnetic Effects of (Carbon) Composite Materials Upon Avionics Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-10-01

    structure, lee champs 6lectromagnfitiques externes iinternee, lea surten- sions sur divers 6quipementa et circuits de bord ; diff~rents capteurs permettent... capteurs 6itaient plac6s dana le bard d’attaquo da chaque aile ; deux autres sur le fuselage , A l’intgrieur de la saute , l6g~rement en avant du plan des...6vidence, d’une part la n~cessitfi de gfin6raliser lltlsto des fibres optiques pour tranamottre lea signaux deamesure at, d’autre part, la n6cesaitg dtam

  9. Aerodynamic Characteristics of Controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-09-01

    fournies par des capteurs A travers une 1lot de contrblet dana le but de modifier la distribu- tion des forces adrodynamiques agissant stir la structure...forces a6rodyniamiques qu ’el les peuvent crier. b) Le choix du oti des capteurs de d~tection du mouvement ou des efforts A contr~ler (gyroscope...GAG ou CCV) qui requibrent l’utilisation de gouvernes rapidea. Dans cette optique , 1 ONERA a entrepris une 6tude exporimentale approfondie des effets

  10. Komercijalizacija radija – tržišna ili politička odluka?

    OpenAIRE

    Mučalo, Marina

    1999-01-01

    Elektronički su mediji u brojnim zemljama od samog početka usko povezani i uvjetovani komercijalnim sadržajima. Međutim, podjednako kao što se nezavisno razvijao sustav komercijalnih radija, demokratske su države vrlo brzo počele graditi i/ili unapređivati dopunske sustave javnih i/ili nekomercijalnih radija. Zakon o telekomunikacijama iz 1994. ponovo je dozvolio privatno vlasništvo nad elektroničkim medijima, te se broj radijskih postaja u Republici Hrvatskoj povećao za sto posto. Danas ih j...

  11. EST Table: FS794131 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FS794131 E_FL_ffbm_14J02_F_0 10/09/28 94 %/212 aa ref|NP_001040254.1| beadex/dLMO p...rotein [Bombyx mori] gb|ABD36315.1| beadex/dLMO protein [Bombyx mori] 10/09/09 79 %/158 aa FBpp0125729|DanaG...9 %/150 aa gnl|Amel|GB11268-PA 10/09/10 79 %/183 aa gi|91080717|ref|XP_975367.1| PREDICTED: similar to beadex/dLMO protein [Tribolium castaneum] FS794536 ffbm ...

  12. Otroci kot žrtve nasilja

    OpenAIRE

    Urbanija, Andreja

    2016-01-01

    Eden od problemov današnjega časa še vedno ostaja nasilje nad otroki. Družina naj bi bila prostor, v katerem najdemo zavetje, srečo, ljubezen in toplino staršev. Temu na žalost mnogokrat ni tako. Čeprav se vladne in nevladne organizacije pospešeno trudijo, otroci še vedno ostajajo žrtve različnih oblik nasilja, kot so psihično, verbalno, ekonomsko, fizično in spolno nasilje. Namen diplomske naloge je prikazati in pojasniti, kako lahko ima nasilje pomemben vpliv na nadaljnji razvoj otroka. ...

  13. Učinak otrovanja parakvatom i liječenja ambroksolom na stvaranje vodikova peroksida i peroksidaciju lipida u određenim organima štakora.

    OpenAIRE

    Anguelov, Anguel; Chichovska, Maria

    2004-01-01

    Pokusi herbicidom parakvat provedeni su na štakorima Wistar. Istražena je koncentracija vodikova peroksida (H2O2) i različitih proizvoda peroksidacije masti kao što su konjugirani dieni, lipidni peroksidi, malonil-dialdehid i Schiffove baze u određenim organima štakora kojima je intraperitonealno dana doza od 35 mg/kg-1 parakvata. Takoder je vrednovan utjecaj mukolitičkog i vjerojatno antioksidacijskog lijeka ambroksola na promjene u koncentraciji H2O2 i proizvoda peroksidacije lipida potaknu...

  14. SOLUTION FOCUSED BRIEF COUNSELING (SFBC: ALTERNATIF PENDEKATAN DALAM KONSELING KELUARGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumarwiyah -

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Solution Focused Brief Counseling meruppakan pendekatan konseling yang didasari oleh suatu pandangan bahwa sejatinya kebenaran dan realitas bukanlah suatu yang bersifat absolute namun realitas dan kebenaran itu dapat dikonstruksikan. Dalam konteks konseling keluarga dominasi salah satu anggota dana tau kepala keluarga sering menjadi pemicu masalah sehingga perlu didudukkan pada satu konteks penyelesaian masalah berbasis pada realitas yang ada. Konsleing keluarga dengan pendekatan ini memungkinkan konseli yang bermasalah dalam konteks keluarga memperoleh kemandirian dalam menyelesaikan masalah dan mencari solusi secara cepat dan tepat dalam mengatasi masalah-maslah yang ada dalam keluarga. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE

  15. Review: Tales from Both Sides of the Brain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landis, Theodor

    2015-01-01

    Our brain has two hemispheres that specialize in different jobs—the right side processes spatial and temporal information, and the left side controls speech and language. How these two sides come together to create one mind is explained by pioneering neuroscientist Michael Gazzaniga in his new book, Tales from Both Sides of the Brain : A Life in Neuroscience (Ecco/Harper Collins, 2015). Gazzaniga is director of the SAGE Center for the Study of the Mind at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and a Dana Alliance member. PMID:27408671

  16. Sodelovanje med marketingom in R&R pri razvoju in uvajanju novih izdelkov

    OpenAIRE

    Završnik, Bruno; Zupančič, Vinko

    2015-01-01

    Uspeh podjetja na današnjih zahtevnih trgih je v veliki meri odvisen od sodelovanja med marketingom in R&R. Marketing in R&R si delita odgovornost za postavljanje ciljev razvoja novih izdelkov, iskanje možnosti za nove generacije izdelkov, nove oblike izdelkov, za razumevanje in zadovoljevanje potreb odjemalcev. Formalno in neformalno sodelovanje med marketingom in R&R samo po sebi še ne prispeva k uspešnemu razvoju in uvajanju novih izdelkov na trg. Vodstvo podjetja mora podpirati takšno sod...

  17. PENGELOLAAN WAKAF TUNAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhyar Fanani

    2011-06-01

    Permasalahan dasar waqf adalah menajemen, khususnya manajemen uang tunai. Lembaga yang berperan untuk mengelola waqf uang tunai memiliki beberapa karakteristik dan pola manajemen yang spesifik. Kajian ini memfokuskan pada manajemen waqf uang tunai di tiga lembaga: TWI, PKPU, dan BMM. Dengan meng­gunakan pendekatan kualitatif ditemukan bahwa waqf uang tunai masih meninggalkan beberapa persoalan yaitu: kurangnya diseminasi tentang waqf uang tunai di kalangan masyarakat, kurangnya jumlah nadzir yang profesional; tidak adanya sistem pencarian dana yang efektif, lemahnya sistem manajemen, kekuatan pembelian uang yang tidak terlindungi, dan variabilitas prioritas distribusi.

  18. High Noon on the High Seas: A Proximity-Complexity Model of Maritime Piracy Threats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    High Noon on the High Seas: A Proximity–Complexity Model of Maritime Piracy Threats by James E. McGinley and Jonathan P. Berliner Strategic...Jonathan P. Berliner works at the U.S. Army, 1st Information Operations Command where he serves as the Senior Pacific Command Planner in the S3/Plans...April 6, 2005). 20. Dana Dillon and Lucia Selvaggi, “Stopping an Al Qaeda attack in the Malacca Straits,” January 28, 2004. 21. Christian Purefoy

  19. Ispitivanje ovladanosti mađarskim kao stranim jezikom u sklopu državno akreditiranih ispitnih sustava u Mađarskoj

    OpenAIRE

    Žagar-Szentesi, Orsolya

    2008-01-01

    U radu će se kratko prikazati način kako se desetljećima uhodani sustav tzv. državnoga ispitivanja sa svojim monocentričnim režimom provjere znanja i trostupnjevitom skalom vrjednovanja ovladanosti stranim jezikom tijekom devedesetih godina postupno prilagodio europskim standardima textsc{(cef)} koji danas u potpunosti obilježavaju mađarsku scenu poučavanja stranih jezika i ispitivanja. Također će se dati sažet pregled o institucionalnim okvirima ispitivanja (Centar za ak...

  20. Conference Proceedings on Vortex Flow Aerodynamics Held in Scheveningen, The Netherlands on 1-4 October 1990

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    couche limite h~rite-t-eile d’une tridirnensionnalit6 qui ne liii serait pas naturelle ? S’enrichit-elle d’une turbulence qu&A elle seule, ella ne...LA COUCHE LIMITE EN AVAL DU TOURBILLON Afin de sonder la couche limite aussi pr~s de la paroi que possible, le capteur utilis6 est une sonde A un seul... naturellement : r~ = r3 0 945r. Pour cc qui concerne la vitesse radiale 1la d V ,’~ 8Vjx etsupposle nu~e. Dana la section (5) cl AKp/2 ot e2 = (dKp/dx

  1. El rol de Cyrtograpsus angulatus (Crustacea; Brachyura en los ciclos de vida de Microphallus szidati (Digenea; Microphallidae y Falsifilicollis chasmagnathi (Acanthocephala; Filicollidae: algunos aspectos de su ecologia parasitaria The role of Cytograpsus angulatus (Crustacea; Brachyura in the life cycles of Microphallus szidati (Digenea; Microphallidae and Falsifilicollis chasmagnathi (Acanthocephala; Filicollidae: some aspects of their ecological parasitology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio R. Martorelli

    1989-12-01

    Full Text Available Basándose en el estudio de los helmintos larvales parásitos del cangrejo Cyrtograpsus angulatus Dana, 1851 (Microphallus szidati Martorelli, 1986 (Digenea; Microphallidae y Falsifilicollis chasmagnathi Holcman-Spector et al., 1977 (Acathocephala; Fillicollidae conjuntamente con el análisis de sus ciclos biológicos y el estudio de la prevalencia, intensidad y de los índices de asociación (comparados entre los hospedadores intermediarios y definitivos se pudo concluir que: a C. angulatus parece ser un excelente hospedador intermediario en los ciclos de vida de los helmintos estudiados; b el tamaño de los cangrejos y la ocurrencia de amputaciones naturales en las hembras de mayor tamaño Spivak & Politis (en prensa aparecen correlacionadas con la prevalencia; c en los cangrejos estudiados la prevalencia para F. chasmagnathi fue mayor en los machos que en las hembras; d la intensidad no apareció correlacionada con el tamño y el sexo de los hospedadores intermediarios; e M. szidati y F. chasmagnathi estan fuertemente asociados en el hospedador intermediario; f C. angulatus e Himantopus melanurus Vieilot, 1817 (Aves; Recurvirostridae son citados como nuevos hospedadores, intermediario y denitivo respectivamente, para F. chasmagnathi; g Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851 es citado como un nuevo hospedador intermediario para M. szidati.Based on a study of the larvae from two helminth species parasitizing the crab Cyrtograpsus angulatus Dana, 1851 (Microphallus szidati Martorelli, 1986 and Falsifilicollis chasmagnathi Holcman-Spector et al., 1977, from Mar chiquita lagoom (Argentina together with the analyses of their life cycles and rates of prevalence, intensity and association coefficient (compared in definitive and intermediate host the following conclusions have been reached: a C. angulatus suns to be an excelent intermediate host in the life-cycles of the studied helminths; b the size of the crabs and the occurence of natural amputations

  2. Aerodynamics of Vortical Type Flows in Three Dimensions: Conference Proceedings Held at Rotterdam, Netherlands on 25-28 April 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-01

    91) as initial guess for a neighbouring value of A. In VORCON both continuation processes have been automated, providing rapid conver- gene of the...gradient sera caractdrisde par le coefficient de pression Kpc La vitease dans la veine eat saintenue constante au noyan d’un col conique situd en aval...valaurs suivantes du coefficient do pression Kpc . P-.jq n t dpdsdi ap~et td -0,05, - 0.10, - 0,15, - 0,20 et - 0,25. Dana 1a cml to 00 sucone

  3. Naval Ocean Research and Development Activity Journal Index for 1976 thru 1984,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-03-01

    and Antibiotics. Venezuela Basin. Deep-Sea Research, v. 31, Botanica Marina, v. XXIV, p. 399-404. p. 403-414. Thompson, J. Dana (1978). Ocean Deserts...v. 29, n. 102, p. 286-295. Phytoplankton Extracellular Products. Botanica marina, v~. XXXVI, p. 375-381. Radl, C.J. and J.P. Welsh (1983). Inventory...Experiments tion and Antibiotics. Botanica Marina, v. XXIV, in the Indian River Estuary, Florida. Journal of p. 399-404. ?. Marine Research, v. 36, p, 569-593

  4. Analiza izpustov dizelskih motorjev

    OpenAIRE

    MURN, GREGA

    2016-01-01

    V svojem diplomskem delu z naslovom »Analiza izpustov dizelskih motorjev«, sem bralcu skušal približati današnjo problematiko v zvezi z onesnaževanjem okolja, predvsem zaradi dizelskih izpuhov, ki jih prinaša industrija v vseh oblikah. Največji onesnaževalec okolja je absolutno promet, saj izpuhi avtomobilov vsebujejo obsežen skupek škodljivih snovi (ogljikovodiki HC, ogljikov monoksid CO, dušikovi oksidi NOx, žveplovi oksidi, trdni delci, itd.). Namen Evropskih in Ameriških standardov je ...

  5. SIGURNOST CMS-A

    OpenAIRE

    Kaluža, Marin; Vukelić, Bernard; Rojko, Tamara

    2016-01-01

    Za razvoj web-sjedišta danas se često koriste CMS-ovi. Web-sjedišta meta su raznim malicioznim napadačima, stoga je potrebno poznavati razinu sigurnosti web-sjedišta i postaviti maksimalnu moguću razinu sigurnosti. U radu su prikazane osnovne značajke poznatijih CMS-ova u otvorenom pristupu Wordpress, Joomla i Drupal. Objašnjeno je deset najčešćih web-ranjivosti. Izvršeno je testiranje web-ranjivosti pomoću različitih programskih alata. Testirane su osnovne instalacije CMS-ova. Nakon ...

  6. ŠEZDESETA GODINA VOJNOTEHNIČKOG GLASNIKA – U SUSRET JUBILEJU

    OpenAIRE

    Gaćeša N. Nebojša

    2012-01-01

    U članku je dat osvrt na jubilej koji naučni časopis „Vojnotehnički glasnik“ obeležava u 2012. godini – šezdesetu godišnjicu postojanja, redovnog i neprekidnog izlaženja. Pored istorijata časopisa, izložene su i faze razvoja njegove programske koncepcije. Analizirane su sadašnje reference časopisa, koji je stekao kategoriju naučnog časopisa nacionalnog značaja. „Vojnotehnički glasnik“ je danas otvoreni forum za publikovanje i stimulisanje inovativnog promišljanja o svim aspe...

  7. ELEKTRONSKO TRGOVANJE Z VREDNOSTNIMI PAPIRJI NA PRIMERU ILIRIKA-ON.NET

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Vloga uspešnega investitorja zahteva ustrezna znanja, če želimo dolgoročno realizirati profite. Ugotovitve kažejo, da je klasično trgovanje z vrednostnimi papirji že skoraj pozabljeno, saj v današnjem času prevladuje elektronsko trgovanje. Ključnega pomena pri trgovanju z vrednostnimi papirji so stroški povezani z trgovanjem vrednostnih papirjev in možnosti uporabe, ki jih elektronska trgovalna platforma nudi. Številni ponudniki elektronskega trgovanja ponujajo različna brezplačna izobraževan...

  8. SPORTSKO-REKREACIJSKI PROGRAMI ZA ODRASLU MUŠKU POPULACIJU UTEMELJENI NA KLASTER ANALIZI ANKETNIH INDIKATORA

    OpenAIRE

    Andrijašević, Mirna

    2007-01-01

    Uvod Mnogobrojni su dokazi da je tjelesno aktivan način života poželjan jer smanjuje rizik za nastanak mnogobrojnih kroničnih nezaraznih bolesti, a s druge strane ublažava stanja stresa i depresije, poboljšava raspoloženje, samopouzdanje i zadovoljstvo životom. Ipak, danas smo svjedoci epidemije sjedilačkog načina života. Mehanizacija je eliminirala obveznu tjelesnu aktivnost iz naših života, pa bi na njeno mjesto trebala doći dobrovoljna tjelesna aktivnost, tzv. rekreacijska tjelesna akt...

  9. TJELESNA AKTIVNOST DJECE S REUMATSKIM BOLESTIMA

    OpenAIRE

    Vidović, Mandica; Kelečić, Jadranka

    2008-01-01

    Reumatske bolesti djece postaju sve veći problem modernog svijeta. Napredak znanosti je doveo do razvoja metoda kojima se ove bolesti sve češće i ranije dijagnosticiraju, ali i sve uspješnije lijeće. Danas postizanje kliničke i laboratorijske remisije bolesti nije jedini cilj. Kada se remisija postigne, otvara se pitanje održavanja što boljeg stanja lokomotornog sustava, unapreðenja kvalitete života i sprečavanja invalidnosti. Dobro osmišljeni progami vježbanja baziran...

  10. F-16XL ship #1 (#849) with Digital Flight Control System (DFCS) in flight over desert

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    An image of the F-16XL #1 during its functional flight check of the Digital Flight Control System (DFCS) on December 16, 1997. The mission was flown by NASA research pilot Dana Purifoy, and lasted 1 hour and 25 minutes. The tests included pilot familiarly, functional check, and handling qualities evaluation maneuvers to a speed of Mach 0.6 and 300 knots. Purifoy completed all the briefed data points with no problems, and reported that the DFCS handled as well, if not better than the analog computer system that it replaced.

  11. Aspects of the Quaternary evolution of the Southern Kattegat and the central North Sea based on interpretation of 2D and 3D marine reflection seismic profiles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendixen, Carina

    knows as the Dana River. This took place simultaneously with the occurrence and drainage of the Ancylus Lake through the Great Belt. The drainage of the Ancylus Lake was interpreted as non-catastrophic water flow as seismic data shows no evidence of major erosion or delta deposition, which would...... indicate a catastrophic drainage event. With a continuous Holocene sea-level rise back-stepping (landwards retreat) of the coastal systems occurred, followed by flooding of the northern Great Belt threshold and major erosion took place. Rapid sea-level rise preserved the sea floor morphology which...

  12. Suvremeni postupci u sprječavanju, ranom otkrivanju i liječenju raka prostate

    OpenAIRE

    Šamija, Mirko

    2005-01-01

    Rak prostate je iz puno razloga u samome vrhu interesa svjetske onkologije, a osobito zbog činjenice da se u novije vrijeme opaža ubrzan porast njegove pojavnosti te stope smrtnosti. Porast broja novooboljelih objašnjava se djelomice provođenjem programa ranog otkrivanja i produljenja prosječnog vijeka muškaraca, dok porast stopa smrtnosti upućuje na djelovanje i nekih drugih čimbenika. Danas je rak prostate najvarijabilniji zloćudni tumor koji ima velik raspon stupnje...

  13. Sistemske poslovne konstelacije - novi alat učenja poduzetništva

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Doživljajno učenje uz individualizirani pristup potrebama poduzetnika snažan je i moćan način ovladavanja sposobnostima i vještinama pokretanja i vođenja poduzetničkih pothvata i biznisa. Sistemske poslovne konstelacije danas su jedan od najnaprednijih alata za mapiranje dinamika poduzetničkih i poslovnih situacija. Uz brz, jednostavan i transparentan rad omogućuju dijagnostičko istraživanje postojećih poduzetničkih poslovnih struktura i trenutnih odnosa. Simuliranom provjerom posljedica namj...

  14. Elektro fiziološki nalazi u ranom Guillain -Barréovu sindromu

    OpenAIRE

    Baraba, Ranka; Sruk, Ana; Šragalj, Ljiljana; Butković-Soldo, Silva; Bielen, Ivan

    2011-01-01

    Cilj studije bio je utvrditi najčešće elektrofiziološke nenormalnosti u ranom Guillain-Barréovu sindromu (GBS). Ispitani su neurofiziološki nalazi 51 bolesnika s GBS koji su pregledani unutar 12 dana od pojave simptoma. Akutna upalna demijelinizacijska poliradikuloneuropatija (AID P) bila je prisutna u 46 od 51 bolesnika s GBS. U bolesnika s AID P zabilježene su slijedeće nenormalnosti: odsutan H refleks u 90,7%, blokada provodljivosti u segmentu Erb do aksile u 78,5%, brzina motorne provodlj...

  15. PREVENCIJA TLAČNOG VRIJEDA (DEKUBITUSA)

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Iako je napredak u mnogim granama znanosti, medicine i tehnike evidentan, još uvijek smo svjedoci pojave dekubitusa i njegovih posljedica. Ipak, posljednjih pedesetak godina postignut je znatan napredak u poznavanju njegova nastanka, prevencije i liječenja. Prevencija i liječenje dekubitusa opterećeno je mnogim zabludama. No, poznavanjem procesa cijeljenja akutnih i kroničnih rana te poznavanjem patofizioloških procesa, danas se u velikom broju slučajeva može uspješno prevenirati i izliječiti...

  16. Prognoza mezoskalnog ekvatorijalnog vjetra u jugoistočnoj Aziji tijekom episode suhe mutnoće 2005. godine

    OpenAIRE

    Mastura, Mahmud

    2009-01-01

    Još i danas u jugoistočnoj Aziji poljoprivrednici spaljuju zapuštene i obrasle dijelove tla. Prilikom izgaranja biomase stvaraju se onečišćujuće tvari koje se na primjer advektiraju od Sumatre prema zapadnoj obali Poluotočne Malezije (tzv. Malaja) tijekom jugozapadnog monsuna {to može uzrokovati nepovoljne učinke na zdravlje tamošnje populacije. U ovoj studiji se koristi TAPM (model onečišćujućih tvari) za prognoziranje mezoskalnih karakteristika u graničnom sloju u ekvatorijalnom okruženju k...

  17. The Danish Journal of Management and Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bukh, Per Nikolaj; Klausen, Kurt Klaudi; Minbaeva, Dana

    2015-01-01

    The editorial board of the Danish Journal of Management and Business has gone through a few recent changes. In 2014 the board was supplemented with professor Dana Minbaeva from Department of Strategic Management and Globalization at Copenhagen Business School and professor Niels Peter Mols from...... Department of Economics and Business at Aarhus University. Further, from this issue the Journals Editorin-Chief, professor Flemming Poulfelt from Department of Management, Politics and Philosophy at Copenhagen Business School, will be stepping down from the editorial board and Per Nikolaj Bukh from Aalborg...

  18. Role of calcium in the regulation of acetylcholine receptor synthese in cultured muscle cells*.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birnbaum, M; Reis, M A; Shainberg, A

    1980-05-01

    Embroyonic muscles differentiated in vitro were used to study the effects of intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+1]i) variations on the amount of acetylcholine receptors ([AChR]) in the cell membrane. 2. Increased Ca2+ concentration in the growth medium ([Ca2+]o) caused a marked elevation of AChR levels, apparently through de novo synthesis. 3. Agents known to increase [Ca2+]i and its accumulation in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), such as ionophore A23187, sodium dantrolene (DaNa), or high [Mg2+]o all enhanced alpha-bungarotoxin (alpha-BGT) binding after 48 h of treatment. 4. Electrical stimulation or caffeine, both affectors of SR calcium release, brought about a decrease in [AChR] probably by suppressing its synthesis. 5. The effects of simultaneous treatment with two AChR-inducing agents, namely, high [Ca2+]o in the presence of tetrodotoxin (TTX) or high [Mg2+]o were not additive, thus suggesting action via a common saturable mediator. 6. Intermediate AChR levels obtained following simultaneous treatments with opposing effects, e.g., electrical stimulation in the presence of high [Ca2+]o or DaNa, suggest contradictory actions on a common mediator. 7. All these observations indicate a strong correlation between SR calcium levels and [AChR] on myotubes; while calcium accumulation in the Sr was followed by increased AChR synthesis, calcium release was accompanied by suppression of receptor synthesis.

  19. Composição e distribuição dos Crustácea (Decapoda na Lagoa do Peixe, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil Composition and distribution of Crustácea (Decapoda from Lagoa do Peixe, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Santos

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available The Lagoa do Peixe ("Peixe's Lagoon" is located between Atlantic Ocean and Lagoa dos Patos and is 30 Km long and 0,5-2,0 Km wide (31º13'S, 50º55'W -31º26'S, 51º09'. For one year, the composition and distribution of Crustácea Decapoda were analyzed monthly (from July/1994 to June/1995, in seven subareas (terrestrial border and aquatic area and physical and chemical parameters (depth, salinity, sediment texture, oxygen in water, organic material of sediment and water temperature were registered. Decapoda from the families Grapsidae, Ocypodidae, Portunidae (Brachyura, Diogenidae (Anomura and Penaeidae (Penaeidea were captured. Chasmagnathus granulata Dana 1851 was found ali months near the canal connecting Atlantic Ocean and Lagoa do Peixe, but inside the lagoon it was collected only in October/94 and June/95, and in extreme subareas it was sampled in February/95 when the salinity was 31 ‰ at these sites. Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 and Cyrtograpsus angulatus Dana, 1851 were captured throughout the year, except October/94 and April/95, respectively. Both species were found in ali áreas of sample, indicating a high plasticity in relation to the factors analyzed in this study. Another species captured probably come in the lagoon in specific months, when the environment provides ideal conditions for their develo-pments.

  20. The assemblage composition and structure of swimming crabs (Portunoidea) in continental shelf waters of southeastern Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, L. S.; Frameschi, I. F.; Costa, R. C.; Castilho, A. L.; Fransozo, A.

    2015-02-01

    Three regions along the Brazilian coast characterized by the occurrence of contrasting natural phenomena, such as upwellings and continental input, were surveyed to determine the composition and structure of the assemblage of swimming crabs. Twelve monthly collections were undertaken (July 2010 to June 2011) in Macaé, Rio de Janeiro (MAC); Ubatuba, São Paulo (UBA); and São Francisco do Sul, Santa Catarina (SFS). The lowest values ​​of the phi sediment grain size measure, bottom temperature and the highest values of organic matter and salinity were measured in MAC. In all, 10,686 individuals were collected, belonging to six species of Portunoidea: Arenaeus cribrarius, Callinectes danae, Callinectes ornatus, Callinectes sapidus, Achelous spinicarpus and Achelous spinimanus. A Multiple Response Permutation Procedure (MRPP) test indicated that the species composition differed significantly among the sampling sites, showing substantial heterogeneity in the composition and abundance of species among regions. The results suggest that C. danae was more abundant in waters with lower salinity and lower organic matter content. In contrast, A. spinimanus is positively correlated with these factors, showing a greater abundance under the opposite conditions. Callinectes ornatus appeared not to show strong selectivity for particular habitat characteristics. We conclude from these findings that areas affected by different phenomena produce changes in the composition and abundance of the assemblage of Portunoidea. Although the strength of eutrophication differs between UBA and MAC, the substantial continental inflow affecting SFS favors the development of species that complete their life cycle in the estuary.

  1. Športsko arbitražno sudište HOO - organizacijske i postupovne odredbe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jozo Čizmić

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Danas se većina športskih sporova rješava pred arbitražnim sudovima. Sve prednosti arbitražnog sudovanja odavno su prepoznate u športu, pa je danas rijetkost da se spor vezan uz određeni šport nađe pred državnim sudom. Državni sudovi teško mogu pratiti razvitak i složenost odnosa koji nastaju u športu, pa su specijalizirane arbitraže sa stručnim i educiranim arbitrima idealno rješenje za ove vrste sporova. Športske arbitraže često imaju i obilježja tzv. prisilnih arbitraža (arbitrage obligatore, compulspry arbitration, Zwangsshiedsgericht, kojima se stranke moraju obratiti radi rješavanja određenih sporova. U radu se, nakon kratkog pojmovnog objašnjenja instituta arbitražnog sudovanja i športske arbitraže, daje prikaz postupka pred Športskim arbitražnim sudištem Hrvatskog olimpijskog odbora prema Arbitražnim pravilima Športskog arbitražnog sudišta pri Hrvatskom olimpijskom odboru.

  2. 15. septembar - Dan tehničke službe Vojske Srbije

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branimir Vujatović

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Dan tehničke službe Vojske Srbije ove godine prvi put je obeležen 15. septembra. Toga dana 1891. godine u barutani Obilićevo pored Kruševca započela je proizvodnja nitroceluloznog (bezdimnog baruta, što je omogućilo da kragujevački Zavod do 1901. godine osvoji proizvodnju municije 7×57 mm za puške mauzer M 1899. Tokom 1908. godine linija za izradu pešadijske municije je obnovljena, pa je dnevni kapacitet dostigao cifru od 100.000 metaka M99. Na osnovu razvoja i osavremenjivanja vojne industrije, Srbija se ubrzano pripremala za trijumfalni izlazak na istorijsku scenu i pobede u Balkanskim ratovima i Prvom svetskom ratu. Danas Tehnička služba predstavlja deo jednog složenog sistema, veoma značajnog za borbenu gotovost, a time i za sistem odbrane u celini. Ova delatnost je u sastavu Uprave za odbrambene tehnologije, koja je sa puno razloga formirana od pređašnja dva sektora, Sektora za vojnoprivrednu delatnost (sa Upravom za istraživanje i razvoj, odeljenjem za standardizaciju, vojnom kontrolom kvaliteta i još nekim segmentima, sa jedne strane, odnosno Sektora za pozadinu (sa tehničkim upravama vidova i Vojnotehničkim institutom, sa druge strane. Tako su objedinjene i sve dosadašnje nadležnosti ova dva sektora.

  3. Considerations about the implementation of a public knowledge base regarding nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimmig, Daniel; Marquardt, Clarissa; Nau, Katja; Schmidt, Andreas; Dickerhof, Markus

    2014-01-01

    Nanotechnology ranks among the key technologies that will bring fundamental changes to basic research, many industry sectors and daily life. However, consumers often miss reliable and understandable information on nanomaterials. To create this transparency, the DaNa project collects and evaluates the latest scientific literature before publishing these on the website www.nanoobjects.info. Though all published articles are designed to meet the needs of different recipient groups, a certain knowledge about nanomaterials is presumed due to the nanomaterial-specific structuring of the website. This poses a barrier for interested laymen who usually have a particular nano-related application in mind. These application-oriented facts on nanomaterials already exist on the website but are scattered throughout the different articles. To overcome this, we first analyzed the state of the scattered information and then assessed requirements for a new tool displaying these facts: storage of extracted knowledge in a homogenous way, visualization options and integration of the new database into the existing content management system. We therefore extended our backend to capture knowledge on a semantically higher level in a database called DaNaVis. Based on this database we can increase the accessibility of DaNa's project results by means of interactive visualization components.

  4. 100 godina saobraćajne službe u srpskoj vojsci / 100 years of transportation service in the Serbian Army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Željko Ranković

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Saobraćajna služba imala je od 1908. godine do danas nekoliko faza razvoja, koje su, pre svega, bile uslovljene društveno-ekonomskim uslovima u državi, ali i organizaciono-formacijskim rešenjima. U pojedinim periodima Saobraćajnoj službi davan je poseban značaj, dok je u drugim periodima minimizirana. U vreme borbenih dejstava, i neposredno nakon njih, po pravilu, Saobraćajna služba uvek je imala veliki značaj koji je proisticao iz pozitivnih iskustava aktivnosti tokom tih perioda. Danas se Saobraćajna služba suočava sa novim izazovima i zahtevima. To su: modernizacija voznog parka Vojske, održanje vrlo stručnog oficirskog i podoficirskog kadra i njegovo dalje stvaranje, definisanje jedinstvenog ekonomičnog modela transporta za potrebe Vojske u miru i ratu, uz korišćenje savremenih tehnologija transporta (kontejnerizacija i, posebno, definisanje i dimenzionisanje strukture službe, imajući u vidu misije koje se postavljene kao zadaci Vojske.

  5. Krizni menadžment u funkciji nove teorije menadžmenta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Legčević

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Današnji globalizacijski trendovi zahvatili su cijeli svijet i nemoguće je u njima ne sudjelovati. Svijet je u svim svojim pojavnostima postao uistinu međuovisan pa više nije moguće ignorirati novonastale promjene, a zbog kompleksnosti sustava teško je u njemu uspostaviti ravnotežu. Krize danas pogađaju gospodarske subjekte, političke i državne institucije, kao i različite druge organizacije, ali i čovjeka kao osobu. Krizni menadžment je bolji i učinkovitiji ako je krizna strategija određena pravovremeno. Svaka kriza ima svoj put za rješenje, ali je potrebno dobro razmotriti elemente koji ulaze u procjenu rizika s kojima se ulazi u krizu ili kriznu situaciju. Najbolji je način prevencije i obrane od krize osposobiti vlastito osoblje ili utemeljiti krizni stožer u kojemu će se nalaziti stručnjaci kojima su poznati svi alati i sva sredstva s pomoću kojih će se moći predvidjeti i riješiti kriza.

  6. PELAKSANAAN PEMBERI BANTUAN HUKUM DIKAITKAN DENGAN UNDANG-UNDANG NO. 16 TAHUN 2011 TENTANG BANTUAN HUKUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Wahyu Pujiarto

    2016-03-01

    Peneliti mencoba menemukan masalah mengenai pengaturan dan faktor yang mempengaruhi pelaksanaan pemberi bantuan hukum, untuk menjawab permasalahan tersebut digunakan metode penelitian yuridis normatif, bersifat deskriptif analitis, menggunakan teori keadilan, data yang digunakan data sekunder dari studi pustaka, dengan pendekatan perundang-undangan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, Indonesia telah berupaya memberikan perlindungan terhadap orang atau kelompok orang miskin yang tersangkut perkara hukum dengan diundangkannya Undang-Undang Bantuan Hukum, Peraturan Menteri Hukum dan Ham No. 3 Tahun 2013 Tentang Tata Cara Verifikasi dan Akreditasi Lembaga Bantuan Hukum atau Organisasi Kemasyarakatan yang memberikan bantuan hukum kepada orang atau kelompok orang miskin, Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 42 Tahun 2013 Tentang Syarat dan Tata Cara Pemberian Bantuan Hukum dan Penyaluran Dana Bantuan Hukum, Peraturan Menteri Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia Republik Indonesia Nomor 22 Tahun 2013 Tentang Peraturan Pelaksanaan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 42 Tahun 2013 Tentang Syarat dan Tata Cara Pemberian Bantuan Hukum dan Penyaluran Dana Bantuan Hukum. Hasil penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa pemberian bantuan hukum kepada orang miskin yang diatur dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 16 Tahun 2011 Tentang Bantuan Hukum tidak berjalan sesuai aturan, syarat sebagai Pelaksana Pemberi Bantuan Hukum menghambat pemberian bantuan hukum, pemberian bantuan hukum tidak berjalan sesuai harapan karena masih dipengaruhi oleh aturan pelaksanaan yang kurang tepat. Kata kunci: pelaksanaan, pemberi bantuan hukum, Undang-undang Nomor 16 Tahun 2011 tentang Bantuan Hukum

  7. Impacts of TRMM SRR assimilation on the numerical prediction of tropical cyclone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Leiming; QIN Zenghao; DUAN Yihong; LIANG Xudong; WANG Dongliang

    2006-01-01

    Impacts of the four-dimensional variation (4DVAR) assimilation of Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)/TMI surface rainfall rate (SRR) on the initialization and simulation of TC Danas in 2001 are studied. A number of sensitivity experiments are designed to evaluate the performance of assimilation during the particular stage when Danas developed from a tropical depression towards a typhoon, as well as an abrupt turning. Under the dynamic and thermodynamic constraints of meso-scale model and the 4DVAR, the TRMM SRR data are directly assimilated in high horizontal resolution (18 km). On the basis of the adjustment of initial model field, 4DVAR of TRMM SRR considerably improved the depiction of TC's structure and rainfall. The same explanation can also be given to the enhancement of simulation on TC's intensity and track. In comparison with the popular idea of twice steps of SRR assimilation, namely, 4DVAR plus 1DVAR, the retrieval error is expected to be avoided in the procedure of direct 4DVAR. In addition, the TRMM SRR 4DVAR within a high-resolution model can take into account as much information as observed and is expected to be performed in operational use if the observed rainfall data are routinely available.

  8. Solar photonitrosation of cyclohexane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riffelmann, K.J.; Funken, K.H. [Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V., Koeln (Germany). Hauptabteilung Energietechnik

    1997-12-31

    The photonitrosation of cyclohexane with nitrosyl chloride (PNC-process) is the central reaction step of photochemical production of {epsilon}-caprolactam. As compared to other, i.e. thermal routes for manufacture of {epsilon}-caprolactam the photochemical synthesis path is the shortest one, economizing the effective use of raw materials by having the highest yield and selectivity. In 1991 the world-wide capacity of {epsilon}-caprolactam was 3.1 mio metric tons/a. Although the photochemical route is most effective as to the materials costs, only 160 000 metric tons (i.e. 5%) were produced via the photochemical path. To provide the light doped high pressure mercury lamps were used. Disadvantages of the conventional PNC-process are strongly corrosive properties of nitrosyl chloride, high power costs and limited lifetime of the lamps. The last two disadvantages may be avoided using sunlight as clean source of photons. A simplified cost study showed that the solar process has a chance to be realized industrially as an alternative to the conventional technique. In this paper results of a project are dealt with aiming at the experimental investigation of the solar PNC-process to demonstrate that cyclohexanone oxime can be produced in a quality as required by the chemical industry. A solar reactor made of titanium was constructed and tested in the high flux solar furnace at the DLR research center, Koeln. Chemical efficiency and selectivity of the reaction, as well as quality of cyclohexanone oxime produced are presented. (orig.)

  9. A key to larvae of species belonging to the genus Diamesa from Alps and Apennines (Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Rossaro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available A key to species belonging to the genus Diamesa Meigen, 1835 (Diptera, Chironomidae from the Alps and Apennines (Italy is presented using characters observable in the fourth-instar larva. The larvae are separated on the basis of qualitative and quantitative characters. At present fifteen species from the Italian Alps are described in all three life stages, but only twelve species groups can be separated as larvae. The separation is based on the length and thickness of anal setae, antennal ratio, head capsule color and few other characters of the labrum and mentum. The shape of mental and mandibular teeth is still a valid taxonomic character, but unfortunately these characters can be rarely used because teeth are often excessively worn in samples collected in the field. Quantitative characters show variability within each species, differing according to the duration of larval development and must be used with caution. The species groups which can be separated in the larval stage are: the dampfi group, which includes D. dampfi and D. permacra, the latitarsis group including D. modesta and D. latitarsis, the zernyi group including D. zernyi and D. vaillanti. The species within each of these groups at present cannot be separated. D. starmachi, D. steinboecki, D. goetghebueri, D. bertrami, D. aberrata, D. incallida, D. cinerella, D. tonsa and D. insignipes can be separated from all the other known species in larval stage.

  10. Pismenost nakon decentralizacije. Nudi li Mreža novi oblik pismenosti?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarina Peović Vuković

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Rad će postaviti pitanje nudi li danas Mreža alat za “osnaživanje čitatelja”, kako je najavljivala hipertekstualna teorija devedesetih. Interaktivnost kao “prirodan” oblik pismenosti postala je ideologem razumijevanja elektroničke pismenosti. No je li danas uistinu riječ o demokratizaciji čitanja-pisanja putem odabira smjera, “kretanja” virtualnim prostorom teksta? Rad će naglasiti razliku između Web 2.0 žanrova i koncepcije hiperteksta te razliku tekstualne i vizualne pismenosti. Ono što ćemo ovdje nazvati “topografskom proizvodnošću” bitno se razlikuje od “distributivne proizvodnosti” kakvu danas susrećemo na Mreži. Mreža nije orijentirana isključivo na proizvodnju virtualnog dérivea, trodimenzionalnog prostora kretanja, već je riječ prvenstveno o komunikacijskom kanalu. Umjesto topografije, za Mrežu će biti ključno povezivanje bilo kojih dviju točaka i uspostavljanje kanala “distribucije”. Temelj distributivne strukture jesu mrežni protokoli, prvenstveno TCP/IP protokol koji omogućava peer-to-peer, izravnu komunikaciju dvaju računala. Kanali neovisne distribucije postojali su i ranije, prvenstveno u polju alternativnih ili opozicijskih kultura u obliku DIY praksi, no domet njihove distributivne mreže bio je slab. Mreža je kanal do sada nezamislive fleksibilne distribucije, nehijerarhijski kanal koji (digitalnoj proizvodnji pripaja dodatnu vrijednost. Politička, ekonomska i kulturalna pitanja redefinirana su arhitekturom te protokolima koji tu arhitekturu definiraju. Protokoli su pravila koja su podređena socijalnom konsenzusu. U tom smislu politička teorija novih medija mora napustiti mit “osnaživanja čitatelja” i krenuti prema složenom tipu materijalne analize ili analize arhitekture te socijalnih pravila koja tu arhitekturu definiraju. Proizvodno-distribucijski subjekti i tekstovi naseljavaju sve mrežne komunikacijske kanale. Bloganje, Twitteranje, Facebookanje, Flickeranje

  11. DAMPAK PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM P3KUM TERHADAP KINERJA DAN KELAYAKAN USAHA KOPERASI DI KOTA SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Maya Nihayah

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available During this time the cooperative performance measurement is done by conventional financial terms based on financial statements, profitability, liquidity and solvency (RLS as well as the implementation of the budget. This study aims to determine the performance and feasibility of KSP / USP- Cooperative as a recipient of a revolving fund P3KUM and want to know the impact of the implementation of the cooperative program P3KUM dealer. The aspect that is evaluated in terms of organizations and institutions that include; (1 The vision and mission, (2 Legality of business entities, (3 The cooperative structure, (4 Management organization (5 Human Resources Development (HRD, (6 Finance, (7 Infrastructures. The method used is the Cooperative Capacity Assessment (CCA. Respondents in this study is a cooperative that had received funds P3KUM, already incorporated and has implemented the Annual Member Meeting in 2010 and has a complete cooperative (management and members of the cooperative. From the results of this study concluded that of the 25 cooperative respondents, 20% co-operatives have a good performance appraisal at all and 80% are good .. The better the performance of which is owned by a cooperative, the more worthy of him as a funding channel P3KUM program. Feasibility is very important to ensure the success of the program P3KUM. However, the necessary guidance and supervision of the relevant authorities, so that the existence of the program run effectively and efficiently.Selama ini pengukuran kinerja koperasi dilakukan dengan cara konvensional yaitu dari segi keuangan berdasarkan laporan keuangan, rentabilitas, likuiditas dan solvabilitas (RLS serta pelaksanaan anggaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kinerja dan kelayakan usaha KSP/ USP- Koperasi sebagai penerima dana bergulir P3KUM dan ingin mengetahui dampak pelaksanaan program P3KUM terhadap koperasi penyalur. Adapun aspek yang dievaluasi adalah dari sisi organisasi dan kelembagaan

  12. The microbiome of North Sea copepods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerdts, G.; Brandt, P.; Kreisel, K.; Boersma, M.; Schoo, K. L.; Wichels, A.

    2013-12-01

    Copepods can be associated with different kinds and different numbers of bacteria. This was already shown in the past with culture-dependent microbial methods or microscopy and more recently by using molecular tools. In our present study, we investigated the bacterial community of four frequently occurring copepod species, Acartia sp., Temora longicornis, Centropages sp. and Calanus helgolandicus from Helgoland Roads (North Sea) over a period of 2 years using DGGE (denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis) and subsequent sequencing of 16S-rDNA fragments. To complement the PCR-DGGE analyses, clone libraries of copepod samples from June 2007 to 208 were generated. Based on the DGGE banding patterns of the two years survey, we found no significant differences between the communities of distinct copepod species, nor did we find any seasonality. Overall, we identified 67 phylotypes (>97 % similarity) falling into the bacterial phyla of Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria. The most abundant phylotypes were affiliated to the Alphaproteobacteria. In comparison with PCR-DGGE and clone libraries, phylotypes of the Gammaproteobacteria dominated the clone libraries, whereas Alphaproteobacteria were most abundant in the PCR-DGGE analyses.

  13. Changes in the abundance and composition of zooplankton from the ports of Mumbai, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gaonkar, C.; Venkat, K.; Anil, A.C.

    . southwelli     *       Acartia sp.     * *    *  Acartiella gravelyi     * *    A. keralensis     *    Acrocalanus monachus,  *  *       A. gibber     * *       A. longicornis     *       A. similis     * *       A. gracilis     *       Acrocalanus sp.    * *  *  Bestiola.... pavo     *    Labidocera sp.    * *    Longipedia sp.    *                Table 5 contd…    Copepod species  1944‐47 1966‐67 1980 1981 1984‐85 1985‐86  2001‐02 Mesocyclops sp.    *       Macrosetella gracilis     *       Microsetella sp.    * *  *  Miracia...

  14. Ecological and Physiological Studies of Gymnodinium catenatum in the Mexican Pacific: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine J. Band-Schmidt

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This review presents a detailed analysis of the state of knowledge of studies done in Mexico related to the dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum, a paralytic toxin producer. This species was first reported in the Gulf of California in 1939; since then most studies in Mexico have focused on local blooms and seasonal variations. G. catenatum is most abundant during March and April, usually associated with water temperatures between 18 and 25 ºC and an increase in nutrients. In vitro studies of G. catenatum strains from different bays along the Pacific coast of Mexico show that this species can grow in wide ranges of salinities, temperatures, and N:P ratios. Latitudinal differences are observed in the toxicity and toxin profile, but the presence of dcSTX, dcGTX2-3, C1, and C2 are usual components. A common characteristic of the toxin profile found in shellfish, when G. catenatum is present in the coastal environment, is the detection of dcGTX2-3, dcSTX, C1, and C2. Few bioassay studies have reported effects in mollusks and lethal effects in mice, and shrimp; however no adverse effects have been observed in the copepod Acartia clausi. Interestingly, genetic sequencing of D1-D2 LSU rDNA revealed that it differs only in one base pair, compared with strains from other regions.

  15. Carotenoid metabolic profiling and transcriptome-genome mining reveal functional equivalence among blue-pigmented copepods and appendicularia

    KAUST Repository

    Mojib, Nazia

    2014-06-01

    The tropical oligotrophic oceanic areas are characterized by high water transparency and annual solar radiation. Under these conditions, a large number of phylogenetically diverse mesozooplankton species living in the surface waters (neuston) are found to be blue pigmented. In the present study, we focused on understanding the metabolic and genetic basis of the observed blue phenotype functional equivalence between the blue-pigmented organisms from the phylum Arthropoda, subclass Copepoda (Acartia fossae) and the phylum Chordata, class Appendicularia (Oikopleura dioica) in the Red Sea. Previous studies have shown that carotenoid–protein complexes are responsible for blue coloration in crustaceans. Therefore, we performed carotenoid metabolic profiling using both targeted and nontargeted (high-resolution mass spectrometry) approaches in four different blue-pigmented genera of copepods and one blue-pigmented species of appendicularia. Astaxanthin was found to be the principal carotenoid in all the species. The pathway analysis showed that all the species can synthesize astaxanthin from β-carotene, ingested from dietary sources, via 3-hydroxyechinenone, canthaxanthin, zeaxanthin, adonirubin or adonixanthin. Further, using de novo assembled transcriptome of blue A. fossae (subclass Copepoda), we identified highly expressed homologous β-carotene hydroxylase enzymes and putative carotenoid-binding proteins responsible for astaxanthin formation and the blue phenotype. In blue O. dioica (class Appendicularia), corresponding putative genes were identified from the reference genome. Collectively, our data provide molecular evidences for the bioconversion and accumulation of blue astaxanthin–protein complexes underpinning the observed ecological functional equivalence and adaptive convergence among neustonic mesozooplankton.

  16. Seasonal variability of planktonic copepods (Copepoda: Crustacea in a tropical estuarine region in Brazil

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    Cristina de Oliveira Dias

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The Caravelas River estuary and adjacent coastal region were studied during the rainy and dry seasons of 2003-2004 to assess the copepod community structure. Abiotic and biotic parameters were measured, and the total density, frequency and percentage of copepod taxa were determined for each sampling period. Copepod densities showed significant differences between sampling periods, with higher densities in the rainy seasons (Mean: 90,941.80 ind.m-3; S.D.: 26,364.79. The sampling stations located to the north and south, in the coastal region adjacent to the Caravelas River estuary presented the lowest copepod density values. The copepod assemblage was composed mainly of estuarine and estuarine/coastal copepods. The seasonal variations in temperature and salinity influenced the abundance of species during the rainy and dry seasons, with the following dominant species alternating: Paracalanus quasimodo Bowman, 1971 in the rainy season of 2003, Parvocalanus crassirostris Dahl, 1894 in the dry season of 2003 and Acartia lilljeborgii Giesbrecht, 1892 in the rainy and dry seasons of 2004. Non-parametric multidimensional scaling indicated differences in copepod assemblages between sampling periods, but not between sampling stations.

  17. Spatial distribution of copepods along the salinity gradient of Perai river estuary, Penang, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johan, I; Maznah, W O Wan; Mashhor, M; Abu Hena, M K; Amin, S M N

    2012-07-01

    Investigation on copepod communities in Perai river estuary was conducted from November 2005 to May 2006. Five stations were established for monthly sampling and were located from the river mouth to the upper reaches of the river. Copepod samples were collected from vertical tows using a standard zooplankton net. The Perai river estuary was slightly stratified and salinity decreases significantly from the mouth of the river towards the upper reaches of the river. A total of 28 species of copepods were recorded and comprised of 14 families, Paracalanidae, Oithonidae, Corycaeidae, Acartiidae, Calanidae, Centropagidae, Eucalanidae, Pontellidae, Pseudodiaptomidae, Tortanidae, Ectinosomatidae, Euterpinidae, Clausidiidae and Cyclopidae. A total of 10 species showed high positive affiliation towards salinity (R > 0.60), Acartia spinicauda, Euterpina acutifrons, Microsetella norvegica, Oithona nana, Oithona simplex, Paracalanus crassirostris, Paracalanus elegans, Paracalanus parvus, Pseudodiaptomus sp. and Hemicyclops sp. The copepod species Pseudodiaptomus dauglishi were negatively affiliated towards salinity (R = -0.71). The copepod assemblages classified into two distinct groups according to salinity regimes, euryhaline-polyhaline group (25 marine affiliated species) and oligohaline-mesohaline group (3 freshwater affiliated species).

  18. Plankton bioindicators of environmental conditions in coastal lagoons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemraj, Deevesh A.; Hossain, Md A.; Ye, Qifeng; Qin, Jian G.; Leterme, Sophie C.

    2017-01-01

    Coastal lagoons are characterised by strong spatial gradient of environmental parameters, especially hypersalinity, and are prone to anthropogenic disturbance. The Coorong (South Australia) is an inverse estuarine coastal lagoon separated from the sea by sand dunes. It is exposed to extreme water quality changes that affect its aquatic communities. Here, we used plankton as indicators of extreme environmental fluctuations to monitor and manage the environmental health of such complex systems. We defined the relationship of different plankton communities with water quality fluctuations and determined plankton species suitable for monitoring the ecosystem health. Two distinct communities of phytoplankton and zooplankton were identified, with salinity and nutrients being the principal factors impacting species distribution. Thus, two sets of indicator species were selected based on the different communities observed. Polychaete and gastropod larvae were positive indicators, showing salinity range restriction of brackish to marine. The distribution Acartia cf. fancetti represented healthy hypersaline conditions (salinity 40-60), while Cyclophora sp. and Scrippsiella sp. were negative indicators, correlating with extreme salinity and ammonia levels. The implementation of planktonic organisms as environmental indicators provided a constructive tool for the management of ecosystem health of the Coorong and will be applicable to similar coastal lagoons.

  19. Feeding habits of European pilchard late larvae in a nursery area in the Adriatic Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borme, Diego; Tirelli, Valentina; Palomera, Isabel

    2013-04-01

    European pilchard Sardina pilchardus late larvae were collected in the Gulf of Manfredonia, an important nursery area, during their seasonal inshore occurrence. Thanks to diel cycle sampling and to the wide range of larval lengths (from a minimum of 27 mm to a maximum of 45 mm), both feeding rhythm and ontogenetic changes were analysed. The feeding peak was observed in the afternoon, before sunset. Sardine larvae were exclusively zooplanktivorous, their diet being based on Calanoid Copepods from the genus Paracalanus (IRI% = 65.7), on the species Temora longicornis (IRI% = 15.5) and other small-sized Copepods. Other planktonic organisms appeared in the stomach contents occasionally and never reached IRI% values > 1. The number of prey per stomach increased suddenly at larval lengths around 40 mm, corresponding to the development of the stomach. Prey composition in the environment was established by contemporaneous sampling of plankton, performed by means of two plankton nets with different meshes. The main prey items were positively selected among those available in the field, but some other prey (Centropages spp., Harpacticoids, Corycaeids, Temora stylifera and Acartia spp.) were also preferred, although rare in the plankton samples. In contrast, copepod nauplii, despite their abundance in the environment (15,848 ± 4441 individuals m- 3), were only occasionally recovered in the larval gut contents (N = 0.26%). This shows that sardine late larvae have switched to larger prey items.

  20. Izobraževalna debata kot metoda makro-didaktične komponente preverjanje z ocenjevanjem pri pouku KEMIJE in NARAVOSLOVJA v osnovni šoli

    OpenAIRE

    Horvat, Davorin

    2014-01-01

    Hiter napredek znanosti in informacijske tehnologije ter dostopnosti do informacij preko medmrežja silijo k drugačnemu, alternativnemu načinu poučevanja (Pisar, 2006). Učence je potrebno uvajati v interdisciplinarno povezovanje aktualnih predmetnih področij. Aktivno učenje s pomočjo različnih metod dela ima pri vzgojno–izobraževalnem procesu čedalje večji pomen. Z metodo izobraževalne debate pridobijo učenci nekatere veščine, potrebne za uspešno soočanje z izzivi današnjega časa. Ta metod...