WorldWideScience

Sample records for abstracts published search

  1. Is searching full text more effective than searching abstracts?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Jimmy

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background With the growing availability of full-text articles online, scientists and other consumers of the life sciences literature now have the ability to go beyond searching bibliographic records (title, abstract, metadata to directly access full-text content. Motivated by this emerging trend, I posed the following question: is searching full text more effective than searching abstracts? This question is answered by comparing text retrieval algorithms on MEDLINE® abstracts, full-text articles, and spans (paragraphs within full-text articles using data from the TREC 2007 genomics track evaluation. Two retrieval models are examined: bm25 and the ranking algorithm implemented in the open-source Lucene search engine. Results Experiments show that treating an entire article as an indexing unit does not consistently yield higher effectiveness compared to abstract-only search. However, retrieval based on spans, or paragraphs-sized segments of full-text articles, consistently outperforms abstract-only search. Results suggest that highest overall effectiveness may be achieved by combining evidence from spans and full articles. Conclusion Users searching full text are more likely to find relevant articles than searching only abstracts. This finding affirms the value of full text collections for text retrieval and provides a starting point for future work in exploring algorithms that take advantage of rapidly-growing digital archives. Experimental results also highlight the need to develop distributed text retrieval algorithms, since full-text articles are significantly longer than abstracts and may require the computational resources of multiple machines in a cluster. The MapReduce programming model provides a convenient framework for organizing such computations.

  2. Reporting completeness of abstracts of systematic reviews published in leading dental specialty journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seehra, Jadbinder; Fleming, Padhraig S; Polychronopoulou, Argy; Pandis, Nikolaos

    2013-04-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the reporting completeness of systematic review (SR) abstracts in leading dental specialty journals. Electronic and supplementary hand searching were undertaken to identify SRs published in seven dental specialty journals and in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Abstract reporting completeness was evaluated using a checklist derived from the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (prisma) guidelines. Descriptive statistics followed by univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Two-hundred and eighteen SR abstracts were identified. Reporting of interventions (94%), objectives (96%), data sources (81%), eligibility criteria (77%), and conclusions (97%) was adequate in the majority of reviews. However, inadequate reporting of participants (18%), results (42%), effect size (14%), level of significance (60%), and trial registration (100%) was commonplace. The mean overall reporting score was 79.1% (95% CI, 77.6-80.6). Only journal of publication was a significant predictor of overall reporting, with inferior results for all journals relative to Cochrane reviews, with scores ranging from -4.3% (95% CI, -8.74 to 0.08) to -35.6% (95% CI, -42.0 to -24.3) for the International Journal of Prosthodontics and the British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, respectively. Improved reporting of dental SR abstracts is needed and should be encouraged, as these abstracts may underpin influential clinical decisions.

  3. Reporting quality of randomized controlled trial abstracts published in leading laser medicine journals: an assessment using the CONSORT for abstracts guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Lu; Hua, Fang; Cao, Qiang

    2016-11-01

    The objectives of this study were to assess the reporting quality of randomized controlled trial (RCT) abstracts published in leading laser medicine journals and investigate the association between potential predictors and reporting quality. The official online archives of four leading laser medicine journals were hand-searched to identify RCTs published in 2014 and 2015. A reporting quality assessment was carried out using the original 16-item CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) for Abstracts checklist. For each abstract, an overall CONSORT score (OCS) was calculated (score range, 0 to 16). Univariable and multivariable linear regression analyses were performed to identify significant predictors of reporting quality. Chi-square (or Fisher's exact) tests were used to analyze the adequate reporting rate of each quality item by specialty area. A total of 129 RCT abstracts were included and assessed. The mean OCS was 4.5 (standard deviation, 1.3). Only three quality items (interventions, objective, conclusions) were reported adequately in most abstracts (>80 %). No abstract adequately reported results for the primary outcome, source of funding, and status of the trial. In addition, sufficient reporting of participants, outcome in the methods section, randomization, and trial registration was rare (journals is suboptimal. Joint efforts by authors, editors, and other stakeholders in the field to improve trial abstract reporting are needed.

  4. Combining search space partition and search Space partition and abstraction for LTL model checking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The state space explosion problem is still the key obstacle for applying model checking to systems of industrial size.Abstraction-based methods have been particularly successful in this regard.This paper presents an approach based on refinement of search space partition and abstraction which combines these two techniques for reducing the complexity of model checking.The refinement depends on the representation of each portion of search space. Especially, search space can be refined stepwise to get a better reduction. As reported in the case study, the Integration of search space partition and abstraction improves the efficiencyof verification with respect to the requirement of memory and obtains significant advantage over the use of each of them in isolation.

  5. Issues with Publishing Abstracts in English: Challenges for Portuguese Linguists’ Authorial Voices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joana Vieira Santos

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper assesses the impact of publishing abstracts in English in the Portuguese Linguistics Association (APL Proceedings from 2001 to 2010. The study was carried out with a corpus of 137 abstracts, follows a Text Linguistics model inspired by the Interactionnisme Sociodiscoursif and links text features to the social practices and genre repertoires of this community. Quantitative data show signs of a “Portuguese identity” in authors’ voices such as personal forms, move signaling, long sentences, profuse embedding, heavy subjects, and variations in content selection, but also signs of standard academic guideline-indexed choices in impersonal forms, template sentences, coordinated constituents, nominalizations, and conventional text plans. Standard genre models and writing features from “core” academic communities coexist with alternative and traditional ways of writing and of disseminating knowledge, which is typical of a semiperipheral non-native English-speaking community torn between conflicting language and cultural paradigms. These contrasting tendencies are linked to identity changes within the community, as APL authors try to achieve international recognition by publishing abstracts in English as a Foreign Language. Since the APL research topic is the Portuguese language, the process mirrors the authors’ struggle between standard internationalization in English and individual stance in Portuguese.

  6. Copyright over Works Reproduced and Published Online by Search Engines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Rengifo García

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Search engines are an important technological tool that facilitates the dissemination and access to information on the Internet. However, when it comes to works protected by authors rights, in the case of continental law, or Copyright, for the Anglo-Saxon tradition, it is difficult to define if search engines infringe the rights of the owners of these works. In the face of this situation, the US and Europe have employed the exceptions to autorights and Fair Use to decide whether search engines infringes owners rights. This article carries out a comparative analysis of the different judicial decisions in the US and Europe on search engines and protected works.

  7. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The Western Theories of War Ethics and Contemporary Controversies Li Xiaodong U Ruijing (4) [ Abstract] In the field of international relations, war ethics is a concept with distinct westem ideological color. Due to factors of history and reality, the in

  8. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive Structure of Scientific Theory in the Scientist-Philosopher's Eyes、Two Theories of Scientific Abstraction Centered on Practices、Many-worlds Interpretation in Quantum Measurement and Its Meaning、Scientific Instrument: Paradigm Shift from Instrumentalism to Realism and Phenomenology

  9. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    [ Abstract] Interaction between China and the international system has been a highlighted is- sue and drawing a great deal of attention all over the world. It has been approached from structural point of view and in a way of a conflicting pair of self and the other, which is the prevailing ontological perspective of IR studies. Contrary to it, processual

  10. Searching for Motion within the Solar Atmosphere (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oatney, S. N.

    2015-12-01

    (Abstract only) The mystery of heat transfer within the solar atmosphere has long been a subject of study and debate. Not unlike large solar observatories that are funded by public monies, amateur solar observers also have a keen interest in this subject and are able to creatively employ tools at hand such as a two slit interferometer used to create interference lines in an attempt to measure motion. (Interference patterns: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Double-slit_experiment) With a 6-inch equatorially pier mounted refractor focused just above the visible disk of the sun, images taken with a Meade Lunar Planetary Imager video LPI CMOS camera at ~30 Hz sample rates and stored as FITS files. A variety of photometry, unrated color, and full aperture solar filters are combined with and without a two slit interferometer placed at the focus of the telescope. These images, explored through the NASA FITS viewer (https://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/software/ftools/fv/) were applied to show logarithmic color contours. Selected fv images were placed consecutively in a movie format that shows some cyclical motion around and between the contours, mostly of the solar corona.

  11. Apheresis research-more abstracts should be published as full manuscripts to provide more evidence for clinical practice guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Huy P; Jiang, Ning; Pan, Zhi; Williams, Lance A; Marques, Marisa B

    2016-08-01

    High-quality evidence to support clinical practice is lacking in apheresis medicine compared to other therapeutic modalities. A potential source of evidence comes from the abstracts submitted to the Annual Meetings of the American Society for Apheresis (ASFA). Therefore, the goal of this study is to determine the proportion of abstracts from the 2005 to 2012 ASFA Annual Meetings that subsequently became PubMed-indexed publications. Furthermore, we sought to determine the factor(s) that were associated with the likelihood of abstracts to be published as full manuscripts. During the 8-year study period, 684 abstracts were available for analysis (median: 82/year, range: 64-118). Most abstracts (74%) were from US institutions, and 67% of first authors were affiliated with academic centers. There were more abstracts (64%) on therapeutic versus donor apheresis (20%) and cellular therapy (16%). Overall, 16% of the abstracts have been published in PubMed-indexed journals, with a median time of 17 months from the ASFA Annual Meeting (range: 1-96 months). Abstracts whose first authors were affiliated with academic institutions were 3.14 times more likely to have been published than abstracts with ones affiliated with an apheresis organization and/or a community hospital. However, neither the first author's location nor the type of apheresis procedure significantly affected the publication rate after adjusting for other covariates. In conclusion, the rate of publication is low and authors should be encouraged to follow their presentations at the meeting with peer-reviewed manuscripts. This change is essential to provide more published evidence for future apheresis practice guidelines. J. Clin. Apheresis 31:353-358, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: The ethylene plant at SINOPEC Shanghai Petrochemical Company Limited ranked in the middle among SINOPEC subsidiaries in terms of ethylene and propylene yields, technical economical indicator and so on, and its performance ranking went no further in chemical sector. By means of feedstock optimization, steam optimization, and energy saving and consumption reduction, the company enhanced its competitiveness in the market and improved its efficiency. In addition, some ideas were put forward on performance improvement of the ethylene plant in the future.

  13. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [ Abstract ] The global resurgence of religion and the return of religion from the so-call "Westphalia Exile" to the central stage of international religions have significantly trans- formed the viewpoints of both media and academia toward the role of religion in IR, and the challenges posed by religion to the contemporary international relations are often described as entirely subversive. The author argues that as a second-tier factor in most countries' for- eign policies and international affairs,

  14. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    China' s Dual-identity Dilemma and Its Countermeasm'es Li Shaojun(4) [ Abstract] The international system, as the overall structure for interactions among actors, is the environment and stage for implementation of China' s foreign policy. In this system, identity is a fundamental factor determining China' s international position and interests, and how to achieve them. China has long stressed that it is a "developing country,"

  15. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The Research of the Subsistent States of the Artists Living in Guilin During the Anti-Japanese Period;A Brief History of Calligraphy Art of Chongqing as Provisional Capital during the Anti-Japanese Period;The Endless Stream and Terraced Mountains:on the Analysisof Spacein Chinese Landscape Painting of Gongxian;Political Vanguard in the Perspective View of the Formalism Aesthetic: 1980s Abstract Painting in China;Comparison of the Early-Stage Spreading of Western Pre-Modem Style Painting and Its Influence in China and Japan.

  16. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    (1) Lenin's "Unity of Three Dialectics": Notes Science of Logic and The Capital on Philosophy in the Dual Contexts of Sun Zhengyu 4 Lenin's dialectics in Notes on Philosophy is essentially a unity of materialistic logic, dialectics and epistemology that has arisen from interactions between Hegel' s Science of Logic and Marx' s The Capital. Due to a lack of understanding of Lenin' s "unity of three dialectics," people tend to misunderstand his dialectics for the meeting of two extremes of the "sum total of living instances" and "abstract methods,

  17. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    --Based on of Marx's Economic Philosophy Manuscripts of 1844 HE Jian-jin (Philosophy Department, Fujian Provincial Committee Party School, Fuzhou, Fujian 350012, China) Abstract: Socialism with Chinese characteristics has a close relationship with the return and growth of capital in China. To implement the scientific concept of development, we must confront the problem of scientifically controlling the capital. In Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, Marx criticized the three old philosophical thinking of treating capital: Object-oriented thinking, intuitive thinking, purely spiritual abstract thinking, and he established his own unique understanding of the capital that is to understand the capital from the human perceptual activities and practical activities. Contemporary Chinese society exist the problem of underdevelopment and abnormal development, and the three heterogeneity problems of pre-modern, modern, postmodern concurrent. In order to implement the scientific concept of development, we must reject any abstract positive or negative to modern basic principles under the guidance of the capital, against the eternal capital theory and capital theory of evil, and we must oppose the thinking that the capital is eternal or evil. Key words: socialism with Chinese characteristics; capital; national economics; scientific concept of development

  18. Publishing studies: the search for an elusive academic object

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Noël

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper questions the validity of the so-called “publishing studies” as an academic discipline, while trying to situate them within the field of social sciences and to contextualize their success. It argues that a more appropriate frame could be adopted to describe what people studying the transformations of book publishing do – or should do – both at a theoretical and methodological level. The paper begins by providing an overview of the scholarly and academic context in France as far as book publishing is concerned, highlighting its genesis and current development. It goes on to underline the main pitfalls that such a sub-field as publishing studies is faced with, before making suggestions as to the bases for a stimulating analysis of publishing, making a case for an interdisciplinary approach nurtured by social sciences. The paper is based on a long-term field study on independent presses in France, together with a survey of literature on the subject.

  19. Abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Jose Carvalho de Souza Domingues

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The practice of teaching, in actuality, shows the necessity of teachers and students coming together to form a behavior that is different from the traditional model of teaching. The unity formed from various types of knowledge and the relation between theory and practice show themselves to be fundamental. Starting in 2002, and in search of this unity, a project that hoped to unify the disciplines taught in the second semester of the course in Administration was implemented. During the semester, a single work sought to relate the theories studied with the reality of an organization. Each professor evaluated the works from the point of view of his discipline, as well as the presentation, in general, of the group. It can be affirmed that seeking to bring together various types of knowledge necessarily passes to a rethinking of the postures of teachers and students.

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Analysis of importance of TG Water CultureQuest Yang Bin Fan Lingling ( 1 ) Abstract: The awareness of quest constitutes the essence and demonstrates the basic characteristic of the water culture in the Three Gorges areas. The legend of King Yu controlling floods by dredging the Three Gorges marked the budding of this spirit. Qu Yuan fully demonstrated the essence of the spirit by a frequently quoted saying, "yet high and low I will search with my will unbending", "I will not regret a thousand death to die". The inscription of White Crane Ridge displayed the ancient fashion of the spirit. The construction of the Three Gorges Project interpreted the spirit of exploring of the Three Gorges water culture. The local higher education institution, with its motto "quest", can be taken as a model in carrying forward the spirit of"constant exploration". Key words: awareness of quest; the Three Gorges; water culture

  1. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Shift of World Center and the Change of the International System Yan Xuetong Abstract: The power transition caused by China' s rise will not only change the international configuration, but could also result in the world cen- ter shifting from Europe to Asia. However, neither a change in the interna- tional configuration nor the shift of the world center implies a change of the type of the international system. The international system is composed of three elements: international actors, international configuration and interna- tional norms. It will be neither possible to distinguish international system from its components nor clarify relations between components and system if changes in one element are treated as change of types of international system.

  2. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On Rousseau's Equality and Freedom GONG Qun Abstract:Equality and freedom are the two core concepts of political philosophy and Rousseau~s political philosophy is no exception. Freedom and equality in Rousseau in- cludes two levels: natural state and social state under social contract, and among them, there is one state of un-equality. The relationship between the two concepts here is that equality is a necessary precondition of freedom, and that there is no equality, there is no freedom. The achievement of Rousseau~s equality is by one contractual behavior that all the members transfer their rights, especially property rights, and form of the Community. Freedom in Rousseau's mind is through the people's sovereignty in the Community to achieve freedom.

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Discussion on main hydraulic performance parameters' model acceptance test of mixed flow pump turbine YU Ji-xing, LI Jin-wei, CHEN Liu, REN Shao-cheng, JIANG Ming-li, LI Hai-ling (China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China) Abstract: Model acceptance test content and main performance parameter' acceptance mode of mixed flow pump turbine were introduced, main hydraulic performance parameters, such as hump of pump high lift region and S unstable region during turbine starting, were discussed, after that, frequency characteristic of pressure fluctuation beside guide blade area were presented in briefly. Key words: pump turbine; model acceptance test; hump region; "S" region; pressure fluctuation

  4. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the Construction of Water Conservancy during 1930s in Hubei Yu Tao ( 1 ) Abstract: Two extra-large floods in the 1930s had drawn the National Government's attention to introspect itself. After those disasters, the government had made some progress by a series of measures like repairing the dike, completing water conservancy institutions and enacting regulations in order to strengthen the water conservancy construction in Hubei. The government took water conservancy construction as a complex system project so that they had a relatively comprehensive consideration. It reflects the advancement of modern government to mobilize local people and put such social power into the unified planning. However, thelimitations of the government's policy implementation weakened the effect of water conservancy construction. Keywords: flood; government; water conservancy construction; effect

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Spiritual Construction and Its Ideological Sources in Contemporary China The spiritual construction in contemporary China is an important ideological task proposed by the historical practice of China. Modernized development often entails the meaning of entering into " modern civilization. " Nevertheless, an abstract understanding of this civilization has covered up its essential stipulation and historical nature. China has pursued its development on a different historical prerequisite from the west, and therefore, only partially belongs to modern capitalist modernization. The practical prospects of Chinese development imply a transformation and remodeling of the general lifestyle, life attitudes and values, which inevitably calls for a new form of philosophy. The ideological sources for this new philosophy are: Chinese philosophy, Western integration of them may point to philosophy and Marxist philosophy. A creative a potentially new type of civilization.

  6. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    (1) ASEAN Security Community: Power Containment and Norm Construction --From the Perspective of Realist-Constructivism Zheng Ying-qin . 11 . Abstract:Combined of realism and constructivism, realist-constructivism emphasizes the interactions between power and identity through norms and their influence on international relations. From the perspective of realist-con- structivism, this article analyses the construction of ASEAN security community and figures out two main clues in the n of ASEAN : the containment of power system that facilitate the strategic cooperation of ASEAN and norms which promotes the cooperation. ASEAN has made achievements in security cooperation but security community. There are still lots of problems ASEAN needs to tackle, for example, to con- institution as well as to strengthen the regional economic interdependence. The possible way to pro- mote the ASEAN security community may start from the area of non-traditional security cooperation Key Wwords: ASEAN security community ; Realist-Constructivism ; power; norm

  7. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Discussions of Design Highlights for Tailgas Treatment in Sulphuric Acid Plant Using New Technology for Flue Gas Desulfurization Through Catalytic Reduction LI Xin , CAO Long-wen , YIN Hua-qiang , El Yue-li , LI Jian-iun ( 1 ,College of Architecture and Environment, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;2 ,Daye Nonferrous Metals Co., Ltd., Huangshi 435000, China; 3 ,Tile Sixth Construction Company Ltd. of China National Chemical Engineering Corp., Xiangfan 441021, China) Abstract : For the present situation of tailgas treatment in current sulphuric acid plants and existing problems with commonly used technologies, the fun- damental working principle, process flow and reference project for a new technology for flue gas desulfurization through catalytic redaction which is used for tailgas treatment in a sulphuric acid plant and recovery of sulphur resource are outlined. The design highlights of this technology are analyzed and the are proposed. Compared to conventional technologies, this new technology offers high desulfurization efficiency and unique technology, which can effectively tackle the difficuhies of tailgas treatment in sulphuric acid plants after enforcement of the new standard. This new technology is thought to be significant economic benefit, environmental benefit, as well as a promising future of application.

  8. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Strategic Realism: An Option for China' s Grand Strategy Song Dexing (4) [ Abstract] As a non-Western emerging power, China should positively adapt its grand strategy to the strategic psychological traits in the 21st century, maintain a realist tone consistent with the national conditions of China, and avoid adventurist policies while awaring both strategic strength and weakness. In the 21st century, China' s grand strategy should be based on such core values as security, development, peace and justice, especially focusing on development in particular, which we named "strategic realism". Given the profound changes in China and the world, strategic realism encourages active foreign policy to safe- guard the long-term national interests of China. Following the self-help logic and the fun- damental values of security and prosperity, strategic realism concerns national interests as its top-priority. It advocates smart use of power, and aims to achieve its objectives by optimizing both domestic and international conditions. From the perspective of diplomatic phi- losophy, strategic realism is not a summarization of concrete policies but a description of China' s grand strategy orientations in the new century. [ Key Words] China, grand strategy, strategic realism [ Author]Song Dexing, Professor, Ph.D. Supervisor, and Director of the Center for International Strategic Studies, University of International Studies of PLA.

  9. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Western Characteristics of the Pardims of International Studies in America:With the Huaxla System as a Counterexample Ye Zicheng (4)[ Abstract ] Three flaws are obvious in the three paradigms of International Studies in America. Specifically, their arguments are based on the assumption that the world is anarchic ; they go too far in employing the scientific and rational methodology; they pay little attention to the humans. Hence, the three paradigms of international studies in America aren' t necessarily useful for the explanation of China' s history and culture as well as its relations with the outside world. The Huaxia system, for example, is anarchic but also apparently hierarchical; the approach of pursuing security in understanding the rise of western powers may be meaningless, for the hegemony in the Huaxia System needn't worry about its security; the theory of power-balancing seemingly couldn' t explain why Qin ended up in defeating the alliance of the other six states in the Warring-states period. The Huaxia system is quite open, and has free movement of people, goods, and ideas. Some interstate regimes and institutions were formed through Huimeng (alliance-making) among states. However, this kind of limited and fragile interdependence and cooperation soon came to an end after the hegemonies of Qi, Jin and Wei. There does exit the identity problem among states in the Huaxia System, but this problem doesn't play such a great role as the constructivists expect it would.

  10. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    [Abstract] The essay analyzed the action logic of hegemon with a power approach. Hegemony can be classified as benign or malignant. A benign hegemon should be pro- ductive, inclusive and maintain procedure justice when it uses its power. The power of hegemon can be categorized into two types: the hard power, which is the use of coer- cion and payment and can be measured by public products, and the soft power, which shows the ability to attract and co-opt and can be measured by the relationship-specific investments. The relationship between the input of public products and the relationship -specific investments is not positively correlative. Confusing with the public products and the soft power might lead to strategic misleading. A country rich in power re- sources should comply with the following principles if it wanted to improve its hard power and soft power: first, analyze the scope of the existing hegemon's soft power and avoid investing public products in the scope; second, maintain honesty in a long term and continue to increase others' benefits following the rule of neutral Pareto im- provement; third, provide both public goods and public bads; fourth, be more patient to obtain soft power. [ Key Words] hegemon, soft power, relationship-specific investment, strategic misleading [Authors]Feng Weijiang, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Science; Yu Jieya, Master, PBC Shanghai Headquarters.

  11. Abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Costa Quintana

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to show the importance of the Cash Flow Statement and the Value Added Statement as effective instruments of financial management, due to the information that these statements can provide. To demonstrate this, a financial analysis of the principal financial statements of the Empresa Transmissora de Energia Elétrica do Sul do Brasil S.A. – Eletrosul – was made and in particular, a detailed analysis of the Cash Flow Statement and the Value Added Statement. To do this, the financial statements published by the company were obtained. First, liquidity ratios from the Balance Sheet were calculated and, subsequently, an analysis of the Cash Flow Statement and the Value Added Statement was made. This was done to demonstrate that the information obtained from the Balance Sheet could be better detailed by the use of the referenced statements, showing in the end that alterations in the liquidity of the company can be explained by the changes in the ways in which the company used its cash resources.

  12. Abstracts of reports published in the environmental programs of the Department of Energy and Environment, January-December 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-05-01

    This 1978 Annual Abstracts represents the publishing experience over the past year of the three divisions and one group that make up the Environmental Sciences area of the Department of Energy and Environment. The abstracts are grouped according to the organization of the authors under the Atmospheric Sciences, Environmental Chemistry, and Oceanographic Sciences Division and the Land and Fresh Water Environmental Sciences Group. The range of interests and the interdisciplinary nature of the activities within Environmental Programs are demonstrated by these abstracts. Most of these activities relate in some way to the environmental effects or potential effects of energy generation. The major areas involved include: coastal meteorology; physical, biological, and chemical oceanography of the coastal shelf; analysis of marine, fresh water, and terrestrial ecosystems; effects of acid rain and other pollutants on aquatic and terrestrial systems; Multistate Power Production Pollution Study (MAP3S), including transport and transformation experiments, data management, and modeling and analysis; atmospheric diagnostics including the study of the chemistry of pollutants in plumes and ambient atmosphere; basic and applied studies of atmospheric aerosol generation, composition, and behavior; and development of atmospheric tracer systems and real-time instrumentation.

  13. Salmonella pollution in ground and surface waters. (Latest citations from Pollution abstracts). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-04-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the contamination of ground waters and surface waters by Salmonella bacteria. Articles discuss the occurence, survival, origin, and control of these bacteria in water sources including rivers, reservoirs, swimming pools, wastewater, aquifers, and ground water. Citations also address the use of Salmonella populations as biological indicators of pollution in aquatic systems. (Contains a minimum of 102 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  14. Bioindicators of marine pollution. (Latest citations from Oceanic Abstracts database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the use of marine plants and animals as indicators of organic and inorganic pollutant distribution. Topics include descriptions of specific species and assemblages, regional and local monitoring studies, and analyses of the soft and hard parts of marine animals. Studies of algae, bivalves, corals, crustaceans, bacterial counts, and seagrasses in estuaries and benthic areas are included. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  15. Silicon carbide whisker composites. (Latest citations from Engineered Materials abstracts). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the manufacture and applications of silicon carbide whisker reinforced composites. Citations discuss the preparation of whiskers and the processing of composites containing the whiskers. Applications include aerospace engines, automotive components, engine components, and surgical implants. Physical properties such as bending strength, crack propagation, creep, fracture toughness, and stress strain curves are covered. Ceramic matrix, metal matrix, and carbon-carbon composites are examined. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  16. Dioxins: Toxicity and health risks. (Latest citations from Pollution Abstracts). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-01-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the toxicology of dioxins and the health risks associated with dioxin exposure. Articles include mortality and physiological studies of major dioxin contamination, including the Seveso and Love Canal incidents. The biochemistry of dioxin poisoning, environmental impacts, sources of dioxin pollution, metabolism of dioxins by microorganisms, and carcinogenicity are considered. The citations also examine occupational exposure, and risk assessment of exposure of the general public to dioxin. References to Agent Orange exposure during the Vietnam War are cited. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  17. Pharmacy journal abstracts published in PubMed that abide by the CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blair, Daniel A; Hughes, Peter J; Woolley, Thomas W

    2014-04-01

    The purpose of this research was to determine the proportion of abstracts in pharmacy journals that are prepared according to the CONsolidated Standards Of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) criteria for abstracts. Certain abstracts for randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) indexed in PubMed were eligible for inclusion, with the primary endpoint being median overall compliance to CONSORT recommendations for abstracts. A total of 63 RCT abstracts were included in the analysis, with only 56% of the recommended CONSORT items represented in the sample. It is recommended that pharmacy journals encourage authors to follow CONSORT recommendations for abstracts when submitting RCTs for publication.

  18. Enrich the E-publishing Community Website with Search Engine Optimization Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vadivel Rangasamy

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Internet has played vital role in the online business. Every business peoples are needed to show their information clients or end user. In search engines have million indexed pages. A search engine optimization technique has to implement both web applications static and dynamic. There is no issue for create search engine optimization contents to static (web contents does not change until that web site is re host web application and keep up the search engine optimization regulations and state of affairs. A few significant challenges to dynamic content poses. To overcome these challenges to have a fully functional dynamic site that is optimized as much as a static site can be optimized. Whatever user search and they can get information their information quickly. In that circumstance we are using few search engine optimization dynamic web application methods such as User Friendly URL's, URL Redirector and HTML Generic. Both internal and external elements of the site affect the way it's ranked in any given search engine, so all of these elements should be taken into consideration. Implement these concepts to E-publishing Community Website that web site have large amount of dynamic fields with dynamic validations with the help of XML, XSL Java script. A database plays a major role to accomplish this functionality. We can use 3D (static, dynamic and Meta database structures. One of the advantages of the XML/XSLT combination is the ability to separate content from presentation. A data source can return an XML document, then by using an XSLT, the data can be transformed into whatever HTML is needed, based on the data in the XML document. The flexibility of XML/XLST can be combined with the power of ASP.NET server/client controls by using an XSLT to generate the server/client controls dynamically, thus leveraging the best of both worlds.

  19. Rhetorical and Communication Theory: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1984, (Vol. 44 Nos. 7 through 12).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a series providing continuing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 23 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the rhetoric of scientific controversy; (2) Erving Goffman's interactional theory of communication conduct; (3) a phenomenology of feminism; (4) a…

  20. Business and Organizational Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1980 (Vol. 41 Nos. 1 through 6).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The nine titles deal with the following topics: (1) small group interaction within effective and ineffective decision making groups; (2) vertical communication as perceived by administrators and teachers; (3) communication roles as…

  1. Literature, Literary Response, and the Teaching of Literature: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1985 (Vol. 45 Nos. 7 through 12).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 21 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) Victorian ideology and British children's literature from 1850 to 1914, (2) a comparison of passages from books for adults and for children, (3) the use and…

  2. Business and Organizational Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1981 (Vol. 41 Nos. 7 through 12).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 12 titles deal with the following topics: (1) identifying problem formation behaviors within the process of organizational change; (2) using the communication audit to determine decision style, satisfaction, and communication…

  3. Literature, Literary Response, and the Teaching of Literature: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1981 (Vol. 42 Nos. 1 through 6).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 35 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) characterization of native Americans in children's and young adult's fiction written by native American and nonnative American authors; (2) fantasy fiction;…

  4. Speech Communication Education and Classroom Instruction: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1982 (Vol. 43 Nos. 1 through 6).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The eight titles deal with the following topics: (1) the effects of self-instructional and discrimination communication training on the development of confrontation skills in prepracticum counseling trainees, (2) cross-cultural…

  5. Rhetoric and Public Address: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1983 (Vol. 43 Nos. 7 through 12).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 31 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the rhetoric of confrontation in Northern Ireland; (2) rhetorical arguments in public health regulations; (3) epideictic discourse in the founding of the…

  6. Applied Communication, Argumentation, and Debate: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1984, (Vol. 44 Nos. 7 through 12).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 19 titles deal with the following topics: (1) confrontation between public school teachers and their employers, (2) President Jimmy Carter's communication with the black electorate, (3) public communication channels regarding…

  7. Literature, Literary Response, and the Teaching of Literature: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1983 (Vol. 44 Nos. 1 through 6).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 29 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) science fiction in elementary school science education; (2) the portrayal of black characters in children's literature; (3) UFOs and their correlates as a…

  8. Speech Communication Education and Classroom Interaction: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1981 (Vol. 41 Nos. 7 through 12).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The ten titles deal with the following topics: (1) the effect of dramatic improvisation on the attitudes of high school teachers toward their students; (2) the effects of training teachers in interpersonal cognitive problem solving…

  9. Rhetoric and Public Address: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1982 (Vol. 42 Nos. 7 through 12).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 14 titles deal with the following topics: (1) the rhetoric of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher; (2) the rhetorical strategies employed in the political speaking of George C. Wallace in the 1968 United States presidential…

  10. Mass Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1984 (Vol. 45 Nos. 1 through 6).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 37 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) the role of television in the lives of older homebound individuals; (2) radio wars between Cuba and the United States; (3) the relationship between…

  11. Language Use, Language Ability, and Language Development: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," January through June 1979 (Vol. 39 Nos. 7 through 12).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 23 titles deal with the following topics: sex appropriate and sex inappropriate language; lexical retrieval and perceptual errors; naming deficits in anomia and aphasia; developmental discourse; pragmatic information and…

  12. Heat pumps: Industrial applications. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-04-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning design, development, and applications of heat pumps for industrial processes. Included are thermal energy exchanges based on air-to-air, ground-coupled, air-to-water, and water-to-water systems. Specific applications include industrial process heat, drying, district heating, and waste processing plants. Other Published Searches in this series cover heat pump technology and economics, and heat pumps for residential and commercial applications. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  13. Chemical and biological warfare: General studies. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning federally sponsored and conducted studies into chemical and biological warfare operations and planning. These studies cover areas not addressed in other parts of this series. The topics include production and storage of agents, delivery techniques, training, military and civil defense, general planning studies, psychological reactions to chemical warfare, evaluations of materials exposed to chemical agents, and studies on banning or limiting chemical warfare. Other published searches in this series on chemical warfare cover detection and warning, defoliants, protection, and biological studies, including chemistry and toxicology. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  14. Chemical and biological warfare: General studies. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning federally sponsored and conducted studies into chemical and biological warfare operations and planning. These studies cover areas not addressed in other parts of this series. The topics include production and storage of agents, delivery techniques, training, military and civil defense, general planning studies, psychological reactions to chemical warfare, evaluations of materials exposed to chemical agents, and studies on banning or limiting chemical warfare. Other published searches in this series on chemical warfare cover detection and warning, defoliants, protection, and biological studies, including chemistry and toxicology.(Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  15. Thermionics. A bibliography with abstracts. Search period covered: 1970--Apr 1975. [190 references

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grooms, D.W.

    1975-04-01

    Research on thermionic power generation, power plant design, converter design, and basic research on thermionic materials are cited in the bibliography. Spacecraft applications are included. (Contains 190 abstracts).

  16. A Local Search Modeling for Constrained Optimum Paths Problems (Extended Abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quang Dung Pham

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Constrained Optimum Path (COP problems appear in many real-life applications, especially on communication networks. Some of these problems have been considered and solved by specific techniques which are usually difficult to extend. In this paper, we introduce a novel local search modeling for solving some COPs by local search. The modeling features the compositionality, modularity, reuse and strengthens the benefits of Constrained-Based Local Search. We also apply the modeling to the edge-disjoint paths problem (EDP. We show that side constraints can easily be added in the model. Computational results show the significance of the approach.

  17. Parallel algorithms for unconstrained optimization by multisplitting with inexact subspace search - the abstract

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renaut, R.; He, Q. [Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)

    1994-12-31

    In a new parallel iterative algorithm for unconstrained optimization by multisplitting is proposed. In this algorithm the original problem is split into a set of small optimization subproblems which are solved using well known sequential algorithms. These algorithms are iterative in nature, e.g. DFP variable metric method. Here the authors use sequential algorithms based on an inexact subspace search, which is an extension to the usual idea of an inexact fine search. Essentially the idea of the inexact line search for nonlinear minimization is that at each iteration the authors only find an approximate minimum in the line search direction. Hence by inexact subspace search, they mean that, instead of finding the minimum of the subproblem at each interation, they do an incomplete down hill search to give an approximate minimum. Some convergence and numerical results for this algorithm will be presented. Further, the original theory will be generalized to the situation with a singular Hessian. Applications for nonlinear least squares problems will be presented. Experimental results will be presented for implementations on an Intel iPSC/860 Hypercube with 64 nodes as well as on the Intel Paragon.

  18. In Search of Signature Pedagogy for PDS Teacher Education: A Review of Articles Published in "School-University Partnerships"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yendol-Hoppey, Diane; Franco, Yvonne

    2014-01-01

    ''In Search of Signature Pedagogy for PDS Teacher Education'' is a review of articles published in "School-University Partnerships" which emerged in response to Shulman's critique that we do not possess powerful, consistent models of practice that we can define and have deeply studied. To these ends, we searched…

  19. Scientific production of Brazilian dermatology: analysis of abstracts submitted at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology (2005 to 2013) and those eventually published*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmo, Nicole França; Orasmo, Cinthia Rosane; Marques, Silvio Alencar

    2016-01-01

    In the last decade the presence of Brazilian physicians in International Meetings of Dermatology has been expressive. In parallel it has also been expressive the submission of poster abstracts in those Meetings. Considering the meetings from 2005 to 2013, 379 posters were presented in meetings of the American Academy of Dermatology. Brazilian universities were the origin of 59.9%. The Brazilian Society of Dermatology's recognized residency programs were the origin of 69.9% of the presented posters. Considering the period from 2005 to 2010 (n = 165 posters) the papers effectively published were 19 (11.5%). PMID:28099621

  20. Making a search engine for Indocean - A database of abstracts: An experience

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tapaswi, M.P.; Haravu, L.J.

    for overcoming a specific problem. The help screens were compiled to speak about the database as well as the retrieval software. Market Survey The availability of readymade softwares in the market was assessed. Three search engines that could be used to make... bibliographic database withabstract~on Indian Ocean and adjacent waters. The compilation of data IS being carried out since last five years and over 25000 records are now available on this database. The database would be available as a marketable product on CD...

  1. Population Scalability Analysis of Abstract Population-based Random Search: Spectral Radius

    CERN Document Server

    He, Jun

    2011-01-01

    Population-based Random Search (RS) algorithms, such as Evolutionary Algorithms (EAs), Ant Colony Optimization (ACO), Artificial Immune Systems (AIS) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), have been widely applied to solving discrete optimization problems. A common belief in this area is that the performance of a population-based RS algorithm may improve if increasing its population size. The term of population scalability is used to describe the relationship between the performance of RS algorithms and their population size. Although understanding population scalability is important to design efficient RS algorithms, there exist few theoretical results about population scalability so far. Among those limited results, most of them belong to case studies, e.g. simple RS algorithms for simple problems. Different from them, the paper aims at providing a general study. A large family of RS algorithms, called ARS, has been investigated in the paper. The main contribution of this paper is to introduce a novel appro...

  2. How to search, write, prepare and publish the scientific papers in the biomedical journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2011-06-01

    This article describes the methodology of preparation, writing and publishing scientific papers in biomedical journals. given is a concise overview of the concept and structure of the System of biomedical scientific and technical information and the way of biomedical literature retreival from worldwide biomedical databases. Described are the scientific and professional medical journals that are currently published in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Also, given is the comparative review on the number and structure of papers published in indexed journals in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which are listed in the Medline database. Analyzed are three B&H journals indexed in MEDLINE database: Medical Archives (Medicinski Arhiv), Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences and Medical Gazette (Medicinki Glasnik) in 2010. The largest number of original papers was published in the Medical Archives. There is a statistically significant difference in the number of papers published by local authors in relation to international journals in favor of the Medical Archives. True, the Journal Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences does not categorize the articles and we could not make comparisons. Journal Medical Archives and Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences by percentage published the largest number of articles by authors from Sarajevo and Tuzla, the two oldest and largest university medical centers in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The author believes that it is necessary to make qualitative changes in the reception and reviewing of papers for publication in biomedical journals published in Bosnia and Herzegovina which should be the responsibility of the separate scientific authority/ committee composed of experts in the field of medicine at the state level.

  3. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's): Regulation and replacement. (Latest citations from the PIRA Ppackaging, Paper, Printing, and Publishing, and Nonwovens abstracts database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-11-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's), and efforts to find substitute materials in response to the need to lessen the environmental impact of CFC on the ozone layer, as agreed to in the international Montreal Protocol. CFC alternatives are expected to be used as aerosol propellants, blowing agents, refrigerants, fire extinguishants, and solvents. References to the effects of CFC on ozone are found in separate bibliographies. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  4. Aircraft fuel conservation. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-04-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning means to conserve fuel in airline operations. Included are abstracts dealing with aircraft design, engine design, propulsion efficiency, fuels, and operating procedures which conserve fuel.(Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  5. Indoor radon pollution: Control and mitigation. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-05-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the control and mitigation of radon pollution in homes and commercial buildings. Citations cover radon transport studies in buildings and soils, remedial action proposals on contaminated buildings, soil venting, building ventilation, sealants, filtration systems, water degassing, reduction of radon sources in building materials, and evaluation of existing radon mitigation programs, including their cost effectiveness. Analysis and detection of radon and radon toxicity are covered in separate published bibliographies. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  6. Chemical and biological warfare: Protection, decontamination, and disposal. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the means to defend against chemical and biological agents used in military operations, and to eliminate the effects of such agents on personnel, equipment, and grounds. Protection is accomplished through protective clothing and masks, and in buildings and shelters through filtration. Elimination of effects includes decontamination and removal of the agents from clothing, equipment, buildings, grounds, and water, using chemical deactivation, incineration, and controlled disposal of material in injection wells and ocean dumping. Other Published Searches in this series cover chemical warfare detection; defoliants; general studies; biochemistry and therapy; and biology, chemistry, and toxicology associated with chemical warfare agents.(Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  7. Chemical and biological warfare: Protection, decontamination, and disposal. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the means to defend against chemical and biological agents used in military operations, and to eliminate the effects of such agents on personnel, equipment, and grounds. Protection is accomplished through protective clothing and masks, and in buildings and shelters through filtration. Elimination of effects includes decontamination and removal of the agents from clothing, equipment, buildings, grounds, and water, using chemical deactivation, incineration, and controlled disposal of material in injection wells and ocean dumping. Other Published Searches in this series cover chemical warfare detection; defoliants; general studies; biochemistry and therapy; and biology, chemistry, and toxicology associated with chemical warfare agents. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  8. The ADS Abstract Service: A Free Search System for Literature in Astronomy, Planetary Sciences, Physics, Geophysics, and Instrumentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichhorn, G.; Accomazzi, A.; Grant, C. S.; Kurtz, M. J.; Rey Bacaicoa, V.; Murray, S. S.

    2002-05-01

    The Astrophysics Data System (ADS) provides access to the astronomical literature through the World Wide Web. It is a NASA funded project and access to all the ADS services is free to everybody world-wide. The ADS Abstract Service allows searching of four databases with abstracts in Astronomy, Instrumentation, Physics/Geophysics, and the astro-ph Preprints with a total of almost 2.5 million references in the databases. The system also provides access to reference and citation information, links to on-line data and other on-line information, and to on-line electronic journals. In addition the ADS has 1.9 million scanned article pages from about 250,000 articles, dating back as far as 1829. The ADS Article Service contains the full articles for most of the astronomical literature back to volume 1. It contains the scanned pages of all the major journals in Astronomy (Astrophysical Journal, Astronomical Journal, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, and Solar Physics), as well as most smaller journals back to volume 1 for each of these journals. One important aspect of the ADS is the system of links to other data systems. We have currently more than 6 million links to other on-line resources, including on-line data and on-line journal articles. There are currently more than 10,000 regular users (more than 10 queries/month). The total number of users is greater than 50,000 per month. They issue almost 1 million queries per month and receive more than 30 million records and 1.2 million scanned article pages per month. The ADS is accessed from almost 100 countries. Approximately 1/3 of the use is from the USA, 1/3 from Europe, and 1/3 from the rest of the world. Usage depends primarily on the number of astronomers in each country, but also on the Gross Domestic Product of that country. In order to improve access from different parts of the world, we maintain 9 mirror sites of the ADS in Brazil, Chile, China, England, France, Germany

  9. Testing and Evaluation in English and the Language Arts: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," March through December 1977 (Vol. 37 No. 9 through Vol. 38 No. 6).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 15 titles include studies dealing with the following areas: the evaluation of student writing; the assessment of the communicative competence of kindergarten children; formulas for predicting high school reading achievement; an…

  10. PADB : Published Association Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Jin-Sung

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although molecular pathway information and the International HapMap Project data can help biomedical researchers to investigate the aetiology of complex diseases more effectively, such information is missing or insufficient in current genetic association databases. In addition, only a few of the environmental risk factors are included as gene-environment interactions, and the risk measures of associations are not indexed in any association databases. Description We have developed a published association database (PADB; http://www.medclue.com/padb that includes both the genetic associations and the environmental risk factors available in PubMed database. Each genetic risk factor is linked to a molecular pathway database and the HapMap database through human gene symbols identified in the abstracts. And the risk measures such as odds ratios or hazard ratios are extracted automatically from the abstracts when available. Thus, users can review the association data sorted by the risk measures, and genetic associations can be grouped by human genes or molecular pathways. The search results can also be saved to tab-delimited text files for further sorting or analysis. Currently, PADB indexes more than 1,500,000 PubMed abstracts that include 3442 human genes, 461 molecular pathways and about 190,000 risk measures ranging from 0.00001 to 4878.9. Conclusion PADB is a unique online database of published associations that will serve as a novel and powerful resource for reviewing and interpreting huge association data of complex human diseases.

  11. The influence of action video game playing on eye movement behaviour during visual search in abstract, in-game and natural scenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azizi, Elham; Abel, Larry A; Stainer, Matthew J

    2017-02-01

    Action game playing has been associated with several improvements in visual attention tasks. However, it is not clear how such changes might influence the way we overtly select information from our visual world (i.e. eye movements). We examined whether action-video-game training changed eye movement behaviour in a series of visual search tasks including conjunctive search (relatively abstracted from natural behaviour), game-related search, and more naturalistic scene search. Forty nongamers were trained in either an action first-person shooter game or a card game (control) for 10 hours. As a further control, we recorded eye movements of 20 experienced action gamers on the same tasks. The results did not show any change in duration of fixations or saccade amplitude either from before to after the training or between all nongamers (pretraining) and experienced action gamers. However, we observed a change in search strategy, reflected by a reduction in the vertical distribution of fixations for the game-related search task in the action-game-trained group. This might suggest learning the likely distribution of targets. In other words, game training only skilled participants to search game images for targets important to the game, with no indication of transfer to the more natural scene search. Taken together, these results suggest no modification in overt allocation of attention. Either the skills that can be trained with action gaming are not powerful enough to influence information selection through eye movements, or action-game-learned skills are not used when deciding where to move the eyes.

  12. CUDASW++2.0: enhanced Smith-Waterman protein database search on CUDA-enabled GPUs based on SIMT and virtualized SIMD abstractions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schmidt Bertil

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Due to its high sensitivity, the Smith-Waterman algorithm is widely used for biological database searches. Unfortunately, the quadratic time complexity of this algorithm makes it highly time-consuming. The exponential growth of biological databases further deteriorates the situation. To accelerate this algorithm, many efforts have been made to develop techniques in high performance architectures, especially the recently emerging many-core architectures and their associated programming models. Findings This paper describes the latest release of the CUDASW++ software, CUDASW++ 2.0, which makes new contributions to Smith-Waterman protein database searches using compute unified device architecture (CUDA. A parallel Smith-Waterman algorithm is proposed to further optimize the performance of CUDASW++ 1.0 based on the single instruction, multiple thread (SIMT abstraction. For the first time, we have investigated a partitioned vectorized Smith-Waterman algorithm using CUDA based on the virtualized single instruction, multiple data (SIMD abstraction. The optimized SIMT and the partitioned vectorized algorithms were benchmarked, and remarkably, have similar performance characteristics. CUDASW++ 2.0 achieves performance improvement over CUDASW++ 1.0 as much as 1.74 (1.72 times using the optimized SIMT algorithm and up to 1.77 (1.66 times using the partitioned vectorized algorithm, with a performance of up to 17 (30 billion cells update per second (GCUPS on a single-GPU GeForce GTX 280 (dual-GPU GeForce GTX 295 graphics card. Conclusions CUDASW++ 2.0 is publicly available open-source software, written in CUDA and C++ programming languages. It obtains significant performance improvement over CUDASW++ 1.0 using either the optimized SIMT algorithm or the partitioned vectorized algorithm for Smith-Waterman protein database searches by fully exploiting the compute capability of commonly used CUDA-enabled low-cost GPUs.

  13. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY "KEY TO TEXT" FOR SEMANTIC SEARCH AND INDEXING OF TEXTUAL INFORMATION - AN ESSENTIAL TOOL FOR ELECTRONIC PUBLISHING

    OpenAIRE

    M. Kreines

    2000-01-01

    The electronic editions gives essentially new features to structure and organization for searching information by the reader and the information services providers. Before the computer revolution any edition on a library shelf or under a veil of a dust on a desk, before the reader took it in his hands, meant no more than was written in its catalogue card. (Certainly, we here do not speak about the editions surrounded with light of legends). Only the electronic edition is capable to speak at t...

  14. Cambridge Scientific Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Meteorological and Environmental Research has been included by Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA) since 2011. CSA is a retrieval system published by Cambridge Information Group. CSA was founded in the late 1950's,and became part of the CIG family in 1971. CSA's original mission was publishing secondary source materials relating to the physical sciences. Completely

  15. Cambridge Scientific Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Meteorological and Environmental Research has been included by Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA) since 2011. CSA is a retrieval system published by Cambridge Information Group. CSA was founded in the late 1950’s,and became part of the CIG family in 1971. CSA’s original mission was publishing secondary source materials relating to the physical sciences. Completely

  16. Abstraction and Problem Reformulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giunchiglia, Fausto

    1992-01-01

    In work done jointly with Toby Walsh, the author has provided a sound theoretical foundation to the process of reasoning with abstraction (GW90c, GWS9, GW9Ob, GW90a). The notion of abstraction formalized in this work can be informally described as: (property 1), the process of mapping a representation of a problem, called (following historical convention (Sac74)) the 'ground' representation, onto a new representation, called the 'abstract' representation, which, (property 2) helps deal with the problem in the original search space by preserving certain desirable properties and (property 3) is simpler to handle as it is constructed from the ground representation by "throwing away details". One desirable property preserved by an abstraction is provability; often there is a relationship between provability in the ground representation and provability in the abstract representation. Another can be deduction or, possibly inconsistency. By 'throwing away details' we usually mean that the problem is described in a language with a smaller search space (for instance a propositional language or a language without variables) in which formulae of the abstract representation are obtained from the formulae of the ground representation by the use of some terminating rewriting technique. Often we require that the use of abstraction results in more efficient .reasoning. However, it might simply increase the number of facts asserted (eg. by allowing, in practice, the exploration of deeper search spaces or by implementing some form of learning). Among all abstractions, three very important classes have been identified. They relate the set of facts provable in the ground space to those provable in the abstract space. We call: TI abstractions all those abstractions where the abstractions of all the provable facts of the ground space are provable in the abstract space; TD abstractions all those abstractions wllere the 'unabstractions' of all the provable facts of the abstract space are

  17. Publish literature on the research activities using the JMRT (II). Publication as JAERI research reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagao, Yoshiharu; Ishii, Tadahiko; Niimi, Motoji; Fujiki, Kazuo; Takahashi, Hidetake (eds.) [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Research Establishment

    2002-11-01

    The published reports on the research and development activities using the JMTR since 1971 to date have been surveyed by the search of literature database and questionnaire survey. This report compiles the title lists and abstracts of reports published by JAERI and survey the trend of the research and development in JAERI using the JMTR. (author)

  18. The Conversion of Cardiovascular Conference Abstracts to Publications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fosbøl, Emil L.; Fosbøl, Philip Loldrup; Harrington, Robert A.

    2012-01-01

    a systematic and automated evaluation of rates, timing, and correlates of publication from scientific abstracts presented at 3 major cardiovascular conferences. Methods and Results—Using an automated computer algorithm, we searched the ISI Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed publications of abstracts....... From 2006 to 2008, 11 365, 5005, and 10 838 abstracts were presented at the AHA, ACC, and ESC meetings, respectively. Overall, 30.6% of presented abstracts were published within 2 years of the conference; ranging from 34.5% for AHA to 29.5% for ACC to 27.0% for ESC (P0.0001). Five years after...... conference presentation in 2005, these rates had risen slightly to 49.7% for AHA, 42.6% for ACC, and 37.6% for ESC (P0.0001). After adjustment for abstract characteristics and contributing countries, abstracts presented at the AHA meeting remained more likely for publication relative to the ESC (adjusted...

  19. Abstracts of SIG Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1995

    1995-01-01

    Presents abstracts of 15 special interest group (SIG) sessions. Topics include navigation and information utilization in the Internet, natural language processing, automatic indexing, image indexing, classification, users' models of database searching, online public access catalogs, education for information professions, information services,…

  20. Selected Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Three - Stage Interaction Model of Lexicon - Syntax Interface Liu Yuhong (80) The Three -Stage Interaction Model maintains that the interactions at the lexicon -syntax interface are divisible into three levels, namely, the interaction between lexical meaning and lexical grammar that determines syntactic items, the interaction among lexical items that determines syntactic structure, and the interaction between abstract syntactic structure (i. e. construction) and temporary syntactic combinations that determines and coerces grammaticality of the latter. The Three - Stage Interaction Model is hierarchical, complete and bidirectional in language comprehension. It also testifies to the varying abstractness between grammar (syntax) and semantics, and between the five grammatical cases. According to this model, temporary syntactic combination is sanctioned by abstract syntactic structure, therefore the conventional linguistic significance of P600 is maintained without coining contradictory new terms.

  1. Abstract algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Garrett, Paul B

    2007-01-01

    Designed for an advanced undergraduate- or graduate-level course, Abstract Algebra provides an example-oriented, less heavily symbolic approach to abstract algebra. The text emphasizes specifics such as basic number theory, polynomials, finite fields, as well as linear and multilinear algebra. This classroom-tested, how-to manual takes a more narrative approach than the stiff formalism of many other textbooks, presenting coherent storylines to convey crucial ideas in a student-friendly, accessible manner. An unusual feature of the text is the systematic characterization of objects by universal

  2. MAIN ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Ideological Critique of Marx and Philosophical Transformation This paper addresses a tendency today that tries to reinterpret the Marxist transformation in philosophy with a "non-ideological" perspective. It explicates the leap that Marx achieved from abstract human spirit and state reason to the proletariat world view, as well as the overall withdrawal from the abstract universalism. Such a leap and withdrawal is not only the key to the materialistic inversion of the Hegelian dialectics, but also the foundation for sticking to and enriching the Marxist philosophy. Without sticking to this direction, we will not be able to clearly understand Marxism as the successor and promoter of the magnificent cultural achievements of mankind, including the enlightenment thoughts and classical German philosophy, nor will we fully understand the value and strength of Marxist philosophy today.

  3. Technical abstracts: Mechanical engineering, 1990

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broesius, J.Y. (comp.)

    1991-03-01

    This document is a compilation of the published, unclassified abstracts produced by mechanical engineers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) during the calendar year 1990. Many abstracts summarize work completed and published in report form. These are UCRL-JC series documents, which include the full text of articles to be published in journals and of papers to be presented at meetings, and UCID reports, which are informal documents. Not all UCIDs contain abstracts: short summaries were generated when abstracts were not included. Technical Abstracts also provides descriptions of those documents assigned to the UCRL-MI (miscellaneous) category. These are generally viewgraphs or photographs presented at meetings. An author index is provided at the back of this volume for cross referencing.

  4. Music Publishing

    OpenAIRE

    A.Manuel B. Simoes; J.Joao Dias De Almeida

    2003-01-01

    Current music publishing in the Internet is mainly concerned with sound publishing. We claim that music publishing is not only to make sound available but also to define relations between a set of music objects like music scores, guitar chords, lyrics and their meta-data. We want an easy way to publish music in the Internet, to make high quality paper booklets and even to create Audio CD's. In this document we present a workbench for music publishing based on open formats, using open-source t...

  5. INVENTORY ABSTRACTION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    G. Ragan

    2001-12-19

    The purpose of the inventory abstraction, which has been prepared in accordance with a technical work plan (CRWMS M&O 2000e for ICN 02 of the present analysis, and BSC 2001e for ICN 03 of the present analysis), is to: (1) Interpret the results of a series of relative dose calculations (CRWMS M&O 2000c, 2000f). (2) Recommend, including a basis thereof, a set of radionuclides that should be modeled in the Total System Performance Assessment in Support of the Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) and the Total System Performance Assessment in Support of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (TSPA-FEIS). (3) Provide initial radionuclide inventories for the TSPA-SR and TSPA-FEIS models. (4) Answer the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)'s Issue Resolution Status Report ''Key Technical Issue: Container Life and Source Term'' (CLST IRSR) key technical issue (KTI): ''The rate at which radionuclides in SNF [spent nuclear fuel] are released from the EBS [engineered barrier system] through the oxidation and dissolution of spent fuel'' (NRC 1999, Subissue 3). The scope of the radionuclide screening analysis encompasses the period from 100 years to 10,000 years after the potential repository at Yucca Mountain is sealed for scenarios involving the breach of a waste package and subsequent degradation of the waste form as required for the TSPA-SR calculations. By extending the time period considered to one million years after repository closure, recommendations are made for the TSPA-FEIS. The waste forms included in the inventory abstraction are Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel (CSNF), DOE Spent Nuclear Fuel (DSNF), High-Level Waste (HLW), naval Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) plutonium waste. The intended use of this analysis is in TSPA-SR and TSPA-FEIS. Based on the recommendations made here, models for release, transport, and possibly exposure will be developed for the isotopes that would be the highest

  6. Inventory Abstraction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    C. Leigh

    2000-11-03

    The purpose of the inventory abstraction as directed by the development plan (CRWMS M&O 1999b) is to: (1) Interpret the results of a series of relative dose calculations (CRWMS M&O 1999c, 1999d). (2) Recommend, including a basis thereof, a set of radionuclides that should be modeled in the Total System Performance Assessment in Support of the Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) and the Total System Performance Assessment in Support of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (TSPA-FEIS). (3) Provide initial radionuclide inventories for the TSPA-SR and TSPA-FEIS models. (4) Answer the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)'s Issue Resolution Status Report ''Key Technical Issue: Container Life and Source Term'' (CLST IRSR) (NRC 1999) key technical issue (KTI): ''The rate at which radionuclides in SNF [Spent Nuclear Fuel] are released from the EBS [Engineered Barrier System] through the oxidation and dissolution of spent fuel'' (Subissue 3). The scope of the radionuclide screening analysis encompasses the period from 100 years to 10,000 years after the potential repository at Yucca Mountain is sealed for scenarios involving the breach of a waste package and subsequent degradation of the waste form as required for the TSPA-SR calculations. By extending the time period considered to one million years after repository closure, recommendations are made for the TSPA-FEIS. The waste forms included in the inventory abstraction are Commercial Spent Nuclear Fuel (CSNF), DOE Spent Nuclear Fuel (DSNF), High-Level Waste (HLW), naval Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF), and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) plutonium waste. The intended use of this analysis is in TSPA-SR and TSPA-FEIS. Based on the recommendations made here, models for release, transport, and possibly exposure will be developed for the isotopes that would be the highest contributors to the dose given a release to the accessible environment. The inventory abstraction is important in

  7. Food Science and Technology Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Elinor; Federman, Joan

    1979-01-01

    Introduces the reader to the Food Science and Technology Abstracts, a data file that covers worldwide literature on human food commodities and aspects of food processing. Topics include scope, subject index, thesaurus, searching online, and abstracts; tables provide a comparison of ORBIT and DIALOG versions of the file. (JD)

  8. Selected Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    LI Boting Another Woolf, with a Word on "Pearls and Swine" 3 Leonard Woolf, better known as husband of Virginia Woolf and one of the first propounders of the "international theory" that led to the formation of the League of Nations after WWI, boasted a rich and long career in writing, editing, publishing, and political theorizing. Being from 1904 to 1911 civil servant in Ceylon's colonial government changed his life, providing material for his various literary creations and converting him from an"unconscious" and "innocent" imperialist to a conscious and conscientious socialist and anti-imperialist. The present article explores the limitations and ambiguities of the changing, and not always enlightening, expressions in his lifelong writing on empire and colony in the light of a short story based on his Ceylon experience, "Pearls and Swine".

  9. Mechanical Engineering Department technical abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denney, R.M. (ed.)

    1982-07-01

    The Mechanical Engineering Department publishes listings of technical abstracts twice a year to inform readers of the broad range of technical activities in the Department, and to promote an exchange of ideas. Details of the work covered by an abstract may be obtained by contacting the author(s). Overall information about current activities of each of the Department's seven divisions precedes the technical abstracts.

  10. Selected Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Elasticity of Vague Language Abstract:This paper develops an overarching theoretical framework for dealing with the strategic elastic- ity of vague language. Employing the metaphor of a slingshot, it describes how the vague language (VL) is stretched to meet the needs of communication. Drawing attention to the positive and effective role played by VL, the study further looks into how the VL theory is derived from real - life data of ten- sion -prone encounters. The empirical evidence validates the theory~ main maxim and its four specific maxims, and lends support to the following findings: 1 ) the pragmatic functions which VL performs, their linguistic realizations, and the pragmatic maxims they conform to are interconnected; 2) the dom- inant factor in the functioning of VL is the communicative goal; and 3 ) stretching on a continuum of polarities, between soft and tough, firm and flexible, cooperative and uncooperative, shows the versa- tility and elasticity of VL. An important implication of this study is that while VL~ vagueness is context -governed and culture- denendent it~ nll A ~1.o~;.;~.. ; :

  11. Automated Supernova Discovery (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Post, R. S.

    2015-12-01

    (Abstract only) We are developing a system of robotic telescopes for automatic recognition of Supernovas as well as other transient events in collaboration with the Puckett Supernova Search Team. At the SAS2014 meeting, the discovery program, SNARE, was first described. Since then, it has been continuously improved to handle searches under a wide variety of atmospheric conditions. Currently, two telescopes are used to build a reference library while searching for PSN with a partial library. Since data is taken every night without clouds, we must deal with varying atmospheric and high background illumination from the moon. Software is configured to identify a PSN, reshoot for verification with options to change the run plan to acquire photometric or spectrographic data. The telescopes are 24-inch CDK24, with Alta U230 cameras, one in CA and one in NM. Images and run plans are sent between sites so the CA telescope can search while photometry is done in NM. Our goal is to find bright PSNs with magnitude 17.5 or less which is the limit of our planned spectroscopy. We present results from our first automated PSN discoveries and plans for PSN data acquisition.

  12. A Brief Introduction to Chinese Biological Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Chinese Biological Abstracts (CBA), a state-level indexing and abstracting journal published monthly, is jointly sponsored by the Library of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences as well as the Biological Information Network of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, published and distributed by the Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, and approved by the State Scientific and Technological Commission.

  13. Publisher's Announcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGlashan, Yasmin

    2008-01-01

    Important changes for 2008 As a result of reviewing several aspects of our content, both in print and online, we have made some changes for 2008. These changes are described below: Article numbering Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion has moved from sequential page numbering to an article numbering system, offering important advantages and flexibility by speeding up the publication process. Papers in different issues or sections can be published online as soon as they are ready, without having to wait for a whole issue or section to be allocated page numbers. The bibliographic citation will change slightly. Articles should be referenced using the six-digit article number in place of a page number, and this number must include any leading zeros. For instance, from this issue: Z Y Chen et al 2008 Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 50 015001 Articles will continue to be published on the web in advance of the print edition. A new look and feel We have also taken the opportunity to refresh the design of the journal cover, in order to modernise the typography and create a consistent look and feel across our range of publications. We hope you like the new cover. If you have any questions or comments about any of these changes, please contact us at ppcf@iop.org.

  14. A LARI Experience (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, M.

    2015-12-01

    (Abstract only) In 2012, Lowell Observatory launched The Lowell Amateur Research Initiative (LARI) to formally involve amateur astronomers in scientific research by bringing them to the attention of and helping professional astronomers with their astronomical research. One of the LARI projects is the BVRI photometric monitoring of Young Stellar Objects (YSOs), wherein amateurs obtain observations to search for new outburst events and characterize the colour evolution of previously identified outbursters. A summary of the scientific and organizational aspects of this LARI project, including its goals and science motivation, the process for getting involved with the project, a description of the team members, their equipment and methods of collaboration, and an overview of the programme stars, preliminary findings, and lessons learned is presented.

  15. Publisher's Note: Search for ultrahigh energy neutrinos in highly inclined events at the Pierre Auger Observatory [Phys. Rev. D 84, 122005 (2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu, P.; Aglietta, M.; Ahlers, M.; Ahn, E. J.; Albuquerque, I. F. M.; Allard, D.; Allekotte, I.; Allen, J.; Allison, P.; Almela, A.; Alvarez Castillo, J.; Alvarez-Muñiz, J.; Ambrosio, M.; Aminaei, A.; Anchordoqui, L.; Andringa, S.; Anticic, T.; Aramo, C.; Arganda, E.; Arqueros, F.; Asorey, H.; Assis, P.; Aublin, J.; Ave, M.; Avenier, M.; Avila, G.; Bäcker, T.; Badescu, A. M.; Balzer, M.; Barber, K. B.; Barbosa, A. F.; Bardenet, R.; Barroso, S. L. C.; Baughman, B.; Bäuml, J.; Beatty, J. J.; Becker, B. R.; Becker, K. H.; Bellétoile, A.; Bellido, J. A.; Benzvi, S.; Berat, C.; Bertou, X.; Biermann, P. L.; Billoir, P.; Blanco, F.; Blanco, M.; Bleve, C.; Blümer, H.; Bohácová, M.; Boncioli, D.; Bonifazi, C.; Bonino, R.; Borodai, N.; Brack, J.; Brancus, I.; Brogueira, P.; Brown, W. C.; Bruijn, R.; Buchholz, P.; Bueno, A.; Burton, R. E.; Caballero-Mora, K. S.; Caccianiga, B.; Caramete, L.; Caruso, R.; Castellina, A.; Catalano, O.; Cataldi, G.; Cazon, L.; Cester, R.; Chauvin, J.; Cheng, S. H.; Chiavassa, A.; Chinellato, J. A.; Chirinos Diaz, J.; Chudoba, J.; Clay, R. W.; Coluccia, M. R.; Conceição, R.; Contreras, F.; Cook, H.; Cooper, M. J.; Coppens, J.; Cordier, A.; Coutu, S.; Covault, C. E.; Creusot, A.; Criss, A.; Cronin, J.; Curutiu, A.; Dagoret-Campagne, S.; Dallier, R.; Dasso, S.; Daumiller, K.; Dawson, B. R.; de Almeida, R. M.; de Domenico, M.; de Donato, C.; de Jong, S. J.; de La Vega, G.; de Mello, W. J. M., Jr.; de Mello Neto, J. R. T.; de Mitri, I.; de Souza, V.; de Vries, K. D.; Del Peral, L.; Del Río, M.; Deligny, O.; Dembinski, H.; Dhital, N.; di Giulio, C.; Díaz Castro, M. L.; Diep, P. N.; Diogo, F.; Dobrigkeit, C.; Docters, W.; D'Olivo, J. C.; Dong, P. N.; Dorofeev, A.; Dos Anjos, J. C.; Dova, M. T.; D'Urso, D.; Dutan, I.; Ebr, J.; Engel, R.; Erdmann, M.; Escobar, C. O.; Espadanal, J.; Etchegoyen, A.; Facal San Luis, P.; Fajardo Tapia, I.; Falcke, H.; Farrar, G.; Fauth, A. C.; Fazzini, N.; Ferguson, A. P.; Fick, B.; Filevich, A.; Filipcic, A.; Fliescher, S.; Fracchiolla, C. E.; Fraenkel, E. D.; Fratu, O.; Fröhlich, U.; Fuchs, B.; Gaior, R.; Gamarra, R. F.; Gambetta, S.; García, B.; Garcia Roca, S. T.; Garcia-Gamez, D.; Garcia-Pinto, D.; Gascon, A.; Gemmeke, H.; Ghia, P. L.; Giaccari, U.; Giller, M.; Glass, H.; Gold, M. S.; Golup, G.; Gomez Albarracin, F.; Gómez Berisso, M.; Gómez Vitale, P. F.; Gonçalves, P.; Gonzalez, D.; Gonzalez, J. G.; Gookin, B.; Gorgi, A.; Gouffon, P.; Grashorn, E.; Grebe, S.; Griffith, N.; Grigat, M.; Grillo, A. F.; Guardincerri, Y.; Guarino, F.; Guedes, G. P.; Guzman, A.; Hansen, P.; Harari, D.; Harmsma, S.; Harrison, T. A.; Harton, J. L.; Haungs, A.; Hebbeker, T.; Heck, D.; Herve, A. E.; Hojvat, C.; Hollon, N.; Holmes, V. C.; Homola, P.; Hörandel, J. R.; Horneffer, A.; Horvath, P.; Hrabovský, M.; Huber, D.; Huege, T.; Insolia, A.; Ionita, F.; Italiano, A.; Jarne, C.; Jiraskova, S.; Josebachuili, M.; Kadija, K.; Kampert, K. H.; Karhan, P.; Kasper, P.; Kégl, B.; Keilhauer, B.; Keivani, A.; Kelley, J. L.; Kemp, E.; Kieckhafer, R. M.; Klages, H. O.; Kleifges, M.; Kleinfeller, J.; Knapp, J.; Koang, D.-H.; Kotera, K.; Krohm, N.; Krömer, O.; Kruppke-Hansen, D.; Kuehn, F.; Kuempel, D.; Kulbartz, J. K.; Kunka, N.; La Rosa, G.; Lachaud, C.; Lauer, R.; Lautridou, P.; Le Coz, S.; Leão, M. S. A. B.; Lebrun, D.; Lebrun, P.; Leigui de Oliveira, M. A.; Letessier-Selvon, A.; Lhenry-Yvon, I.; Link, K.; López, R.; Lopez Agüera, A.; Louedec, K.; Lozano Bahilo, J.; Lu, L.; Lucero, A.; Ludwig, M.; Lyberis, H.; Macolino, C.; Maldera, S.; Mandat, D.; Mantsch, P.; Mariazzi, A. G.; Marin, J.; Marin, V.; Maris, I. C.; Marquez Falcon, H. R.; Marsella, G.; Martello, D.; Martin, L.; Martinez, H.; Martínez Bravo, O.; Mathes, H. J.; Matthews, J.; Matthews, J. A. J.; Matthiae, G.; Maurel, D.; Maurizio, D.; Mazur, P. O.; Medina-Tanco, G.; Melissas, M.; Melo, D.; Menichetti, E.; Menshikov, A.; Mertsch, P.; Meurer, C.; Micanovic, S.; Micheletti, M. I.; Miramonti, L.; Molina-Bueno, L.; Mollerach, S.; Monasor, M.; Monnier Ragaigne, D.; Montanet, F.; Morales, B.; Morello, C.; Moreno, E.; Moreno, J. C.; Mostafá, M.; Moura, C. A.; Muller, M. A.; Müller, G.; Münchmeyer, M.; Mussa, R.; Navarra, G.; Navarro, J. L.; Navas, S.; Necesal, P.; Nellen, L.; Nelles, A.; Neuser, J.; Newton, D.; Nhung, P. T.; Niechciol, M.; Niemietz, L.; Nierstenhoefer, N.; Nitz, D.; Nosek, D.; Nožka, L.; Nyklicek, M.; Oehlschläger, J.; Olinto, A.; Ortiz, M.; Pacheco, N.; Pakk Selmi-Dei, D.; Palatka, M.; Pallotta, J.; Palmieri, N.; Parente, G.; Parizot, E.; Parra, A.; Pastor, S.; Paul, T.; Pech, M.; Pekala, J.; Pelayo, R.; Pepe, I. M.; Perrone, L.; Pesce, R.; Petermann, E.; Petrera, S.; Petrinca, P.; Petrolini, A.; Petrov, Y.; Pfendner, C.; Piegaia, R.; Pierog, T.; Pieroni, P.; Pimenta, M.; Pirronello, V.; Platino, M.; Ponce, V. H.; Pontz, M.; Porcelli, A.; Privitera, P.; Prouza, M.; Quel, E. J.; Querchfeld, S.; Rautenberg, J.; Ravel, O.; Ravignani, D.; Revenu, B.; Ridky, J.; Riggi, S.; Risse, M.; Ristori, P.; Rivera, H.; Rizi, V.; Roberts, J.; Rodrigues de Carvalho, W.; Rodriguez, G.; Rodriguez Martino, J.; Rodriguez Rojo, J.; Rodriguez-Cabo, I.; Rodríguez-Frías, M. D.; Ros, G.; Rosado, J.; Rossler, T.; Roth, M.; Rouillé-D'Orfeuil, B.; Roulet, E.; Rovero, A. C.; Rühle, C.; Saftoiu, A.; Salamida, F.; Salazar, H.; Salesa Greus, F.; Salina, G.; Sánchez, F.; Santo, C. E.; Santos, E.; Santos, E. M.; Sarazin, F.; Sarkar, B.; Sarkar, S.; Sato, R.; Scharf, N.; Scherini, V.; Schieler, H.; Schiffer, P.; Schmidt, A.; Scholten, O.; Schoorlemmer, H.; Schovancova, J.; Schovánek, P.; Schröder, F.; Schulte, S.; Schuster, D.; Sciutto, S. J.; Scuderi, M.; Segreto, A.; Settimo, M.; Shadkam, A.; Shellard, R. C.; Sidelnik, I.; Sigl, G.; Silva Lopez, H. H.; Sima, O.; Smialkowski, A.; Šmída, R.; Snow, G. R.; Sommers, P.; Sorokin, J.; Spinka, H.; Squartini, R.; Srivastava, Y. N.; Stanic, S.; Stapleton, J.; Stasielak, J.; Stephan, M.; Stutz, A.; Suarez, F.; Suomijärvi, T.; Supanitsky, A. D.; Šuša, T.; Sutherland, M. S.; Swain, J.; Szadkowski, Z.; Szuba, M.; Tapia, A.; Tartare, M.; Tascau, O.; Tavera Ruiz, C. G.; Tcaciuc, R.; Tegolo, D.; Thao, N. T.; Thomas, D.; Tiffenberg, J.; Timmermans, C.; Tkaczyk, W.; Todero Peixoto, C. J.; Toma, G.; Tomé, B.; Tonachini, A.; Travnicek, P.; Tridapalli, D. B.; Tristram, G.; Trovato, E.; Tueros, M.; Ulrich, R.; Unger, M.; Urban, M.; Valdés Galicia, J. F.; Valiño, I.; Valore, L.; van den Berg, A. M.; Varela, E.; Vargas Cárdenas, B.; Vázquez, J. R.; Vázquez, R. A.; Veberic, D.; Verzi, V.; Vicha, J.; Videla, M.; Villaseñor, L.; Wahlberg, H.; Wahrlich, P.; Wainberg, O.; Walz, D.; Watson, A. A.; Weber, M.; Weidenhaupt, K.; Weindl, A.; Werner, F.; Westerhoff, S.; Whelan, B. J.; Widom, A.; Wieczorek, G.; Wiencke, L.; Wilczynska, B.; Wilczynski, H.; Will, M.; Williams, C.; Winchen, T.; Wommer, M.; Wundheiler, B.; Yamamoto, T.; Yapici, T.; Younk, P.; Yuan, G.; Yushkov, A.; Zamorano, B.; Zas, E.; Zavrtanik, D.; Zavrtanik, M.; Zaw, I.; Zepeda, A.; Zhu, Y.; Zimbres Silva, M.; Ziolkowski, M.

    2012-01-01

    The Surface Detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory is sensitive to neutrinos of all flavours above 0.1 EeV. These interact through charged and neutral currents in the atmosphere giving rise to extensive air showers. When interacting deeply in the atmosphere at nearly horizontal incidence, neutrinos can be distinguished from regular hadronic cosmic rays by the broad time structure of their shower signals in the water-Cherenkov detectors. In this paper we present for the first time an analysis based on down-going neutrinos. We describe the search procedure, the possible sources of background, the method to compute the exposure and the associated systematic uncertainties. No candidate neutrinos have been found in data collected from 1 January 2004 to 31 May 2010. Assuming an E^-2 differential energy spectrum the limit on the single flavour neutrino is (E^2 * dN/dE) < 1.74x10^-7 GeV cm^-2 s^-1 sr^-1 at 90% C.L. in the energy range 1x10^17 eV < E < 1x10^20 eV.

  16. From Abstract Art to Abstracted Artists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romi Mikulinsky

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available What lineage connects early abstract films and machine-generated YouTube videos? Hans Richter’s famous piece Rhythmus 21 is considered to be the first abstract film in the experimental tradition. The Webdriver Torso YouTube channel is composed of hundreds of thousands of machine-generated test patterns designed to check frequency signals on YouTube. This article discusses geometric abstraction vis-à-vis new vision, conceptual art and algorithmic art. It argues that the Webdriver Torso is an artistic marvel indicative of a form we call mathematical abstraction, which is art performed by computers and, quite possibly, for computers.

  17. Fate of abstracts presented at Association of Paediatric Surgeons of Nigeria annual meetings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulrasheed A Nasir

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics of abstracts presented at the annual scientific meetings of Association of Paediatric Surgeons of Nigeria and their final publication rate. Materials and Methods: All abstracts accepted for presentation at the Association of Paediatric Surgeons of Nigeria meetings from 2004 to 2009 were identified from literature, search engines and other online materials. Abstracts accepted for the meetings but not presented during the meetings were excluded. Results: A total of 153 abstracts were examined, of which 52 (34% resulted in publication in peer-reviewed journals. Median time from presentation to publication was 2 years (range 1-5 years. The median number of abstracts presented per year was 30 (range 25-40. About three quarters of abstracts were presented by consultants (114, 74.5% and 39 (25.4% by surgical trainees. Approximately three-quarters of the abstracts were case series (111, 75.8%. Case reports accounted for 22.8% of the abstracts. Thirty-two (39.5% of 81 retrospective studies, 8/31 (25.8% prospective studies, and 11/35 (31.4% case reports were converted to full publication (P = 0.403. Abstracts on surgical infection, paediatric surgical oncology, and gastrointestinal tract had the highest publication rates (54.5% [6/11], 46.2% [6/13], and 33.3% [22/66], respectively, P = 0.237. The largest numbers of the reports were published in the African Journal of Paediatric Surgery (16 of 48; 33%, the official Journal of the Association. Conclusions: Only a third of presented abstracts were subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals. Effort to encourage the publication rates of presented abstracts by improving quality of research work as well as encouraging preconference submission of full-length articles for accepted abstracts, for publication in a conference supplement of the Association′s journal is advised.

  18. Conversion rates of abstracts presented at the Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand (USANZ) Annual Scientific Meeting into full-text journal articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Peter D; Chalasani, Venu; Woo, Henry H

    2012-08-01

    What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? It is well known that the transition of a presented abstract in a scientific meeting to a journal article improves the quality of the meeting and prevents an abstract being incorporated into meta-analyses or practice guidelines without proper appraisal. This is the first analysis of USANZ Annual Scientific Meeting abstracts' conversion to full publication. With relatively low publication rates compared to other international meetings, this review identifies the need for mechanisms to encourage USANZ researchers to convert their abstracts into published articles. The numbers and characteristics of the abstracts presented at the Annual Scientific Meetings (ASM) of the Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand (USANZ) that are converted to peer-reviewed publications have not previously been analysed and published. We undertook a review of all abstracts presented at the USANZ ASM from 2005 to 2009. A PubMed search was performed between 15 June and 15 July 2012, using a search algorithm to identify the full-text publications of the presented abstracts. Correlation between abstract characteristics and publication rate was then examined to distinguish the predictors for publications. Of 614 abstracts that were presented at USANZ ASM between 2005 and 2009, 183 papers were published, giving a publication rate of 29.80%. The papers were predominantly published in urological journals and were more likely to be published if they were presented by an international author or were retrospective studies or if basic science research. The mean (SD) time to publication was 14.46 (13.89) months and the mean Impact Factor of journals where papers were published was 2.90. The overall publication rate was relatively low compared with other urological meetings held in America and Europe. USANZ has a challenge of encouraging higher-quality research from the authors to further enhance its publication rate and consequently the

  19. Mechanical Engineering Department technical abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-07-01

    The Mechanical Engineering Department publishes abstracts twice a year to inform readers of the broad range of technical activities in the Department, and to promote an exchange of ideas. Details of the work covered by an abstract may be obtained by contacting the author(s). General information about the current role and activities of each of the Department's seven divisions precedes the technical abstracts. Further information about a division's work may be obtained from the division leader, whose name is given at the end of each divisional summary. The Department's seven divisions are as follows: Nuclear Test Engineering Division, Nuclear Explosives Engineering Division, Weapons Engineering Division, Energy Systems Engineering Division, Engineering Sciences Division, Magnetic Fusion Engineering Division and Materials Fabrication Division.

  20. PRISMA for Abstracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beller, Elaine M; Glasziou, Paul P; Altman, Douglas G;

    2013-01-01

    Elaine Beller and colleagues from the PRISMA for Abstracts group provide a reporting guidelines for reporting abstracts of systematic reviews in journals and at conferences.......Elaine Beller and colleagues from the PRISMA for Abstracts group provide a reporting guidelines for reporting abstracts of systematic reviews in journals and at conferences....

  1. Can electronic search engines optimize screening of search results in systematic reviews: an empirical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clifford Tammy J

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Most electronic search efforts directed at identifying primary studies for inclusion in systematic reviews rely on the optimal Boolean search features of search interfaces such as DIALOG® and Ovid™. Our objective is to test the ability of an Ultraseek® search engine to rank MEDLINE® records of the included studies of Cochrane reviews within the top half of all the records retrieved by the Boolean MEDLINE search used by the reviewers. Methods Collections were created using the MEDLINE bibliographic records of included and excluded studies listed in the review and all records retrieved by the MEDLINE search. Records were converted to individual HTML files. Collections of records were indexed and searched through a statistical search engine, Ultraseek, using review-specific search terms. Our data sources, systematic reviews published in the Cochrane library, were included if they reported using at least one phase of the Cochrane Highly Sensitive Search Strategy (HSSS, provided citations for both included and excluded studies and conducted a meta-analysis using a binary outcome measure. Reviews were selected if they yielded between 1000–6000 records when the MEDLINE search strategy was replicated. Results Nine Cochrane reviews were included. Included studies within the Cochrane reviews were found within the first 500 retrieved studies more often than would be expected by chance. Across all reviews, recall of included studies into the top 500 was 0.70. There was no statistically significant difference in ranking when comparing included studies with just the subset of excluded studies listed as excluded in the published review. Conclusion The relevance ranking provided by the search engine was better than expected by chance and shows promise for the preliminary evaluation of large results from Boolean searches. A statistical search engine does not appear to be able to make fine discriminations concerning the relevance of

  2. Completeness of reporting in abstracts from clinical trials of pre-harvest interventions against foodborne pathogens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snedeker, Kate G; Canning, Paisley; Totton, Sarah C; Sargeant, Jan M

    2012-04-01

    Abstracts are the most commonly read part of a journal article, and play an important role as summaries of the articles, and search and screening tools. However, research on abstracts in human biomedicine has shown that abstracts often do not report key methodological features and results. Little research has been done to examine reporting of such features in abstracts from papers detailing pre-harvest food safety trials. Thus, the objective of this study was to assess the quality of reporting of key factors in abstracts detailing trials of pre-harvest food safety interventions. A systematic search algorithm was used to identify all in vivo trials of pre-harvest interventions against foodborne pathogens in PubMed and CAB Direct published from 1999 to October 2009. References were screened for relevance, and 150 were randomly chosen for inclusion in the study. A checklist based on the CONSORT abstract extension and the REFLECT Statement was used to assess the reporting of methodological features and results. All screening and assessment was performed by two independent reviewers with disagreements resolved by consensus. The systematic search returned 3554 unique citations; 356 were found to be relevant and 150 were randomly selected for inclusion. The abstracts were from 51 different journals, and 13 out of 150 were structured. Of the 124 abstracts that reported whether the trial design was deliberate disease challenge or natural exposure, 113 were deliberate challenge and 11 natural exposure. 103 abstracts detailed studies involving poultry, 20 cattle and 15 swine. Most abstracts reported the production stage of the animals (135/150), a hypothesis or objective (123/150), and results for all treatment groups (136/150). However, few abstracts reported on how animals were grouped in housing (25/150), the location of the study (5/150), the primary outcome (2/126), level of treatment allocation (15/150), sample size (63/150) or whether study units were lost to follow up

  3. Introduction to abstract algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Nicholson, W Keith

    2012-01-01

    Praise for the Third Edition ". . . an expository masterpiece of the highest didactic value that has gained additional attractivity through the various improvements . . ."-Zentralblatt MATH The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Abstract Algebra continues to provide an accessible approach to the basic structures of abstract algebra: groups, rings, and fields. The book's unique presentation helps readers advance to abstract theory by presenting concrete examples of induction, number theory, integers modulo n, and permutations before the abstract structures are defined. Readers can immediately be

  4. Abstraction and Consolidation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monaghan, John; Ozmantar, Mehmet Fatih

    2006-01-01

    The framework for this paper is a recently developed theory of abstraction in context. The paper reports on data collected from one student working on tasks concerned with absolute value functions. It examines the relationship between mathematical constructions and abstractions. It argues that an abstraction is a consolidated construction that can…

  5. Abstracts and abstracting a genre and set of skills for the twenty-first century

    CERN Document Server

    Koltay, Tibor

    2010-01-01

    Despite their changing role, abstracts remain useful in the digital world. Highly beneficial to information professionals and researchers who work and publish in different fields, this book summarizes the most important and up-to-date theory of abstracting, as well as giving advice and examples for the practice of writing different kinds of abstracts. The book discusses the length, the functions and basic structure of abstracts, outlining a new approach to informative and indicative abstracts. The abstractors' personality, their linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge and skills are also discu

  6. How Users Search the Library from a Single Search Box

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lown, Cory; Sierra, Tito; Boyer, Josh

    2013-01-01

    Academic libraries are turning increasingly to unified search solutions to simplify search and discovery of library resources. Unfortunately, very little research has been published on library user search behavior in single search box environments. This study examines how users search a large public university library using a prominent, single…

  7. Abstracts--Citations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Occupational Mental Health, 1972

    1972-01-01

    Provides abstracts and citations of journal articles and reports dealing with aspects of mental health. Topics include absenteeism, alcoholism, drug abuse, leisure, disadvantaged, job satisfaction, and others. (SB)

  8. Nuclear medicine. Abstracts; Nuklearmedizin 2000. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2000-07-01

    This issue of the journal contains the abstracts of the 183 conference papers as well as 266 posters presented at the conference. Subject fields covered are: Neurology, psychology, oncology, pediatrics, radiopharmacy, endocrinology, EDP, measuring equipment and methods, radiological protection, cardiology, and therapy. (orig./CB) [German] Die vorliegende Zeitschrift enthaelt die Kurzfassungen der 183 auf der Tagung gehaltenen Vortraege sowie der 226 praesentierten Poster, die sich mit den folgenden Themen befassten: Neurologie, Psychiatrie, Onkologie, Paediatrie, Radiopharmazie, Endokrinologie, EDV, Messtechnik, Strahlenschutz, Kardiologie sowie Therapie. (MG)

  9. Completeness of Lyapunov Abstraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Wisniewski

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we continue our study on discrete abstractions of dynamical systems. To this end, we use a family of partitioning functions to generate an abstraction. The intersection of sub-level sets of the partitioning functions defines cells, which are regarded as discrete objects. The union of cells makes up the state space of the dynamical systems. Our construction gives rise to a combinatorial object - a timed automaton. We examine sound and complete abstractions. An abstraction is said to be sound when the flow of the time automata covers the flow lines of the dynamical systems. If the dynamics of the dynamical system and the time automaton are equivalent, the abstraction is complete. The commonly accepted paradigm for partitioning functions is that they ought to be transversal to the studied vector field. We show that there is no complete partitioning with transversal functions, even for particular dynamical systems whose critical sets are isolated critical points. Therefore, we allow the directional derivative along the vector field to be non-positive in this work. This considerably complicates the abstraction technique. For understanding dynamical systems, it is vital to study stable and unstable manifolds and their intersections. These objects appear naturally in this work. Indeed, we show that for an abstraction to be complete, the set of critical points of an abstraction function shall contain either the stable or unstable manifold of the dynamical system.

  10. Designing for Mathematical Abstraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratt, Dave; Noss, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Our focus is on the design of systems (pedagogical, technical, social) that encourage mathematical abstraction, a process we refer to as "designing for abstraction." In this paper, we draw on detailed design experiments from our research on children's understanding about chance and distribution to re-present this work as a case study in designing…

  11. Truthful Monadic Abstractions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock-Nannestad, Taus; Schürmann, Carsten

    2012-01-01

    indefinitely, finding neither a proof nor a disproof of a given subgoal. In this paper we characterize a family of truth-preserving abstractions from intuitionistic first-order logic to the monadic fragment of classical first-order logic. Because they are truthful, these abstractions can be used to disprove...

  12. Completeness of Lyapunov Abstraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisniewski, Rafal; Sloth, Christoffer

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses the generation of complete abstractions of polynomial dynamical systems by timed automata. For the proposed abstraction, the state space is divided into cells by sublevel sets of functions. We identify a relation between these functions and their directional derivatives along...

  13. Information Technology Division Technical Paper Abstracts 1995,

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Information Technology Division (ITD), one of the largest research and development collectives at the Naval Research Laboratory. The abstracts are organized into sections that represent the six branches with ITD: the Navy Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence, Communications Systems, the Center for High Assurance Computer Systems, Transmission Technology, Advanced Information Technology , and the Center for Computational Science. Within each section, a list of branch papers published in 1993 and 1994 has also been included; abstracts

  14. Publishing with XML structure, enter, publish

    CERN Document Server

    Prost, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    XML is now at the heart of book publishing techniques: it provides the industry with a robust, flexible format which is relatively easy to manipulate. Above all, it preserves the future: the XML text becomes a genuine tactical asset enabling publishers to respond quickly to market demands. When new publishing media appear, it will be possible to very quickly make your editorial content available at a lower cost. On the downside, XML can become a bottomless pit for publishers attracted by its possibilities. There is a strong temptation to switch to audiovisual production and to add video and a

  15. Computational Abstraction Steps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Lone Leth; Thomsen, Bent; Nørmark, Kurt

    2010-01-01

    and class instantiations. Our teaching experience shows that many novice programmers find it difficult to write programs with abstractions that materialise to concrete objects later in the development process. The contribution of this paper is the idea of initiating a programming process by creating......In this paper we discuss computational abstraction steps as a way to create class abstractions from concrete objects, and from examples. Computational abstraction steps are regarded as symmetric counterparts to computational concretisation steps, which are well-known in terms of function calls...... or capturing concrete values, objects, or actions. As the next step, some of these are lifted to a higher level by computational means. In the object-oriented paradigm the target of such steps is classes. We hypothesise that the proposed approach primarily will be beneficial to novice programmers or during...

  16. Abstracts of SIG Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1997

    1997-01-01

    Presents abstracts of SIG Sessions. Highlights include digital collections; information retrieval methods; public interest/fair use; classification and indexing; electronic publication; funding; globalization; information technology projects; interface design; networking in developing countries; metadata; multilingual databases; networked…

  17. Abstract sectional category

    CERN Document Server

    Diaz, F; Garcia, P; Murillo, A; Remedios, J

    2011-01-01

    We study, in an abstract axiomatic setting, the notion of sectional category of a morphism. From this, we unify and generalize known results about this invariant in different settings as well as we deduce new applications.

  18. Abstracts of contributed papers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-08-01

    This volume contains 571 abstracts of contributed papers to be presented during the Twelfth US National Congress of Applied Mechanics. Abstracts are arranged in the order in which they fall in the program -- the main sessions are listed chronologically in the Table of Contents. The Author Index is in alphabetical order and lists each paper number (matching the schedule in the Final Program) with its corresponding page number in the book.

  19. ONLINE PUBLISHING CURRENT SCENARIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to unravel the current scenario in online publishing. Advent of internet has brought with it tremendous changes in the publishing industry. What was hither to an industry dominated by publisher has been thrown open to one and sundry. Online publishing has brought with it a reach which was hitherto never been imagined. In the normal course it would take at least a year to publish a manuscript. Online publishing has managed to bring this time down to a few weeks / at most a month. This article attempts to discusses the positives and perils of online publishing scenario.

  20. Abstracts: NRC Waste Management Program reports

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heckman, R.A.; Minichino, C.

    1979-11-01

    This document consists of abstracts of all reports published by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Waste Management Program at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL). It will be updated at regular intervals. Reports are arranged in numerical order, within each category. Unless otherwise specified, authors are LLL scientists and engineers.

  1. Protein structural similarity search by Ramachandran codes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chang Chih-Hung

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Protein structural data has increased exponentially, such that fast and accurate tools are necessary to access structure similarity search. To improve the search speed, several methods have been designed to reduce three-dimensional protein structures to one-dimensional text strings that are then analyzed by traditional sequence alignment methods; however, the accuracy is usually sacrificed and the speed is still unable to match sequence similarity search tools. Here, we aimed to improve the linear encoding methodology and develop efficient search tools that can rapidly retrieve structural homologs from large protein databases. Results We propose a new linear encoding method, SARST (Structural similarity search Aided by Ramachandran Sequential Transformation. SARST transforms protein structures into text strings through a Ramachandran map organized by nearest-neighbor clustering and uses a regenerative approach to produce substitution matrices. Then, classical sequence similarity search methods can be applied to the structural similarity search. Its accuracy is similar to Combinatorial Extension (CE and works over 243,000 times faster, searching 34,000 proteins in 0.34 sec with a 3.2-GHz CPU. SARST provides statistically meaningful expectation values to assess the retrieved information. It has been implemented into a web service and a stand-alone Java program that is able to run on many different platforms. Conclusion As a database search method, SARST can rapidly distinguish high from low similarities and efficiently retrieve homologous structures. It demonstrates that the easily accessible linear encoding methodology has the potential to serve as a foundation for efficient protein structural similarity search tools. These search tools are supposed applicable to automated and high-throughput functional annotations or predictions for the ever increasing number of published protein structures in this post-genomic era.

  2. Metacognition and abstract reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markovits, Henry; Thompson, Valerie A; Brisson, Janie

    2015-05-01

    The nature of people's meta-representations of deductive reasoning is critical to understanding how people control their own reasoning processes. We conducted two studies to examine whether people have a metacognitive representation of abstract validity and whether familiarity alone acts as a separate metacognitive cue. In Study 1, participants were asked to make a series of (1) abstract conditional inferences, (2) concrete conditional inferences with premises having many potential alternative antecedents and thus specifically conducive to the production of responses consistent with conditional logic, or (3) concrete problems with premises having relatively few potential alternative antecedents. Participants gave confidence ratings after each inference. Results show that confidence ratings were positively correlated with logical performance on abstract problems and concrete problems with many potential alternatives, but not with concrete problems with content less conducive to normative responses. Confidence ratings were higher with few alternatives than for abstract content. Study 2 used a generation of contrary-to-fact alternatives task to improve levels of abstract logical performance. The resulting increase in logical performance was mirrored by increases in mean confidence ratings. Results provide evidence for a metacognitive representation based on logical validity, and show that familiarity acts as a separate metacognitive cue.

  3. Rate and predictors of the conversion of abstracts presented at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress scientific meetings to full peer-reviewed publications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abuzeid, Wael; Fosbøl, Emil L; Fosbøl, Philip L; Fosbøl, Marie; Zarinehbaf, Sanaz; Ross, Heather; Ko, Dennis T; Bennell, Maria C; Wijeysundera, Harindra C

    2013-11-01

    The rate of conversion of abstracts presented at scientific meetings into peer-reviewed published manuscripts is an important metric for medical societies, because it facilitates translation of scientific knowledge into practice. We determined the rate and predictors of conversion of scientific abstracts presented at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress (CCC) from 2006 to 2010 into peer-reviewed article publications within 2 years of their initial presentation. Using a previously validated computer algorithm, we searched the International Statistical Institute Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed full manuscript publications of these abstracts. A multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent factors associated with successful publication. From 2006 to 2010, 3565 abstracts were presented at the CCC. Overall 24.1% of presented abstracts were published within 2 years of the conference. Mean impact factor for publications was 5.2 (range, 0.4-53.2). The type of presentation (for poster vs oral; odds ratio, 0.71; 95% confidence interval, 0.60-0.83; P publication. Late breaking abstracts and those related to cancer and clinical sciences were more likely to be published, compared with prevention, vascular biology, and pediatrics. In conclusion, the publication rate at the CCC is only marginally lower than that reported for large international North American and European cardiology conferences (30.6%). Efforts should focus on several identified barriers to improve conversion of abstracts to full report publication.

  4. The deleuzian abstract machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werner Petersen, Erik

    2005-01-01

    of art. From Difference and Repetition to Anti-Oedipus, the machines are conceived as binary machines based on the exclusive or inclusive use respectively of the three syntheses: conexa, disjuncta and conjuncta. The machines have a twofold embedment: In the desiring-production and in the social...... production. In Kafka: Toward a Minor Literature, Deleuze and Guatari gave the most comprehensive explanation to the abstract machine in the work of art. Like the war-machines of Virilio, the Kafka-machine operates in three gears or speeds. Furthermore, the machine is connected to spatial diagrams......To most people the concept of abstract machines is connected to the name of Alan Turing and the development of the modern computer. The Turing machine is universal, axiomatic and symbolic (E.g. operating on symbols). Inspired by Foucault, Deleuze and Guattari extended the concept of abstract...

  5. Monadic abstract interpreters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sergey, Ilya; Devriese, Dominique; Might, Matthew;

    2013-01-01

    -bounding to be independent of any particular semantics. Monads become the unifying agent between these concepts and between semantics. For instance, by plugging the same “context-insensitivity monad” into a monadicallyparameterized semantics for Java or for the lambda calculus, it yields the expected context......-insensitive analysis. To achieve this unification, we develop a systematic method for transforming a concrete semantics into a monadically-parameterized abstract machine. Changing the monad changes the behavior of the machine. By changing the monad, we recover a spectrum of machines—from the original concrete...... semantics to a monovariant, flow- and context-insensitive static analysis with a singly-threaded heap and weak updates. The monadic parameterization also suggests an abstraction over the ubiquitous monotone fixed-point computation found in static analysis. This abstraction makes it straightforward...

  6. The Evolution of Web Searching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, David

    2000-01-01

    Explores the interrelation between Web publishing and information retrieval technologies and lists new approaches to Web indexing and searching. Highlights include Web directories; search engines; portalisation; Internet service providers; browser providers; meta search engines; popularity based analysis; natural language searching; links-based…

  7. Darwin and his publisher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClay, David

    2009-01-01

    Charles Darwin's publisher John Murray played an important, if often underrated, role in bringing his theories to the public. As their letters and publishing archives show they had a friendly, business like and successful relationship. This was despite fundamental scientific and religious differences between the men. In addition to publishing Darwin, Murray also published many of the critical and supportive works and reviews which Darwin's own works excited.

  8. Reasoning abstractly about resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clement, B.; Barrett, A.

    2001-01-01

    r describes a way to schedule high level activities before distributing them across multiple rovers in order to coordinate the resultant use of shared resources regardless of how each rover decides how to perform its activities. We present an algorithm for summarizing the metric resource requirements of an abstract activity based n the resource usages of its potential refinements.

  9. Beyond the abstractions?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Henning Salling

    2006-01-01

      The anniversary of the International Journal of Lifelong Education takes place in the middle of a conceptual landslide from lifelong education to lifelong learning. Contemporary discourses of lifelong learning etc are however abstractions behind which new functions and agendas for adult education...

  10. ESPR 2014. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-06-15

    The Proceedings on ESPR 2014 include abstracts concerning the following topics: pediatric imaging: thorax, cardiovascular system, CT-technique, head and neck, perinatal imaging, molecular imaging; interventional imaging; specific focus: muscoskeletal imaging in juvenile idiopathic arthritis; radiation protection; oncology; molecular imaging - nuclear medicine; uroradiology and abdominal imaging.

  11. Seismic Consequence Abstraction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    M. Gross

    2004-10-25

    The primary purpose of this model report is to develop abstractions for the response of engineered barrier system (EBS) components to seismic hazards at a geologic repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, and to define the methodology for using these abstractions in a seismic scenario class for the Total System Performance Assessment - License Application (TSPA-LA). A secondary purpose of this model report is to provide information for criticality studies related to seismic hazards. The seismic hazards addressed herein are vibratory ground motion, fault displacement, and rockfall due to ground motion. The EBS components are the drip shield, the waste package, and the fuel cladding. The requirements for development of the abstractions and the associated algorithms for the seismic scenario class are defined in ''Technical Work Plan For: Regulatory Integration Modeling of Drift Degradation, Waste Package and Drip Shield Vibratory Motion and Seismic Consequences'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171520]). The development of these abstractions will provide a more complete representation of flow into and transport from the EBS under disruptive events. The results from this development will also address portions of integrated subissue ENG2, Mechanical Disruption of Engineered Barriers, including the acceptance criteria for this subissue defined in Section 2.2.1.3.2.3 of the ''Yucca Mountain Review Plan, Final Report'' (NRC 2003 [DIRS 163274]).

  12. 2002 NASPSA Conference Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Contains abstracts from the 2002 conference of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity. The publication is divided into three sections: the preconference workshop, "Effective Teaching Methods in the Classroom;" symposia (motor development, motor learning and control, and sport psychology); and free…

  13. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Study on the Enrichment Regularity of Semicarbazide in Algae Tian Xiu-hui eta1. (1) Abstract Semicarbazide (SEM) in three kinds of representative algae (Nitzschia closterium, Tetraselmis chui and Dicrateria sp) and seawater was determined using ultra performance liquid chromatogram tandem mass spectrometry in this work. Accumulation of semicarbazide (SEM) in algae under laboratory conditions was studied.

  14. Abstraction through Game Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avraamidou, Antri; Monaghan, John; Walker, Aisha

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the computer game play of an 11-year-old boy. In the course of building a virtual house he developed and used, without assistance, an artefact and an accompanying strategy to ensure that his house was symmetric. We argue that the creation and use of this artefact-strategy is a mathematical abstraction. The discussion…

  15. Parent Education: Abstract Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremer, Barbara, Comp.

    This bibliography has been compiled to alert educators to parent education documents found in the ERIC microfiche collection and in journal literature. Abstracts of selected documents have been taken from "Research in Education (RIE)", and journal article citations from the "Current Index to Journals in Education (CIJE)". Included are published…

  16. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Study on the Long-distance Transportation of Argopecten irridians concentricus ShenQin-long(1) Abstract The experiment was carried out in order to improve the survival rate of the scallop. The result indicated that keeping the water temperature at 4℃ was reasonable for the long-distance transportation of the scallop with oxygenated bags.

  17. THE CHINA MEDICAL ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of the China Medical Abstracts (Internal Medicine) is to promote international exchange of works done by the Chinese medical profession in the field of internal medicine. The papers selected from journals represent the newest and most important advances and progress in various specialities in internal medicine.

  18. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Study on Optimization of Enzymic Preparation of Collagen Polypeptide from Skin of Gadous macrocephaius Liu Chun-e et al. (1) Abstract Enzymolysis was used to prepare collagen peptide. The optimum condition was determined based on one way ANOVA and orthogonal experimental design. The result indicated that use alkaline protease on the concentration of 4.5%,

  19. Full Abstraction for HOPLA

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nygaard, Mikkel; Winskel, Glynn

    2003-01-01

    A fully abstract denotational semantics for the higher-order process language HOPLA is presented. It characterises contextual and logical equivalence, the latter linking up with simulation. The semantics is a clean, domain-theoretic description of processes as downwards-closed sets of computation...

  20. SPR 2015. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-04-01

    The volume contains the abstracts of the SPR (society for pediatric radiology) 2015 meeting covering the following issues: fetal imaging, muscoskeletal imaging, cardiac imaging, chest imaging, oncologic imaging, tools for process improvement, child abuse, contrast enhanced ultrasound, image gently - update of radiation dose recording/reporting/monitoring - meaningful or useless meaning?, pediatric thoracic imaging, ALARA.

  1. Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis: risk factors suggested from Japanese published cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsushima, Y; Kanal, E; Thomsen, H S

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this article is to review the published cases of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) in Japan. The Japanese medical literature database and MedLine were searched using the keywords NSF and nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy (January 2000 to March 2009). Reports in peer-reviewed journals...... and meeting abstracts were included, and cases with biopsy confirmation were selected. 14 biopsy-verified NSF cases were found. In seven of eight patients reported after the association between gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) and NSF was proposed, GBCA administration was documented: five received only...... gadodiamide; two received both gadodiamide and gadopentetate dimeglumine. In four cases, the amounts of contrast agent were registered: two received only a single dose (0.1 mmol kg(-1) body weight) whereas the other two received 7-15 ml (the body weight was not disclosed) for each MR examination. Five...

  2. EBS Radionuclide Transport Abstraction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. Schreiner

    2001-06-27

    The purpose of this work is to develop the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) radionuclide transport abstraction model, as directed by a written development plan (CRWMS M&O 1999a). This abstraction is the conceptual model that will be used to determine the rate of release of radionuclides from the EBS to the unsaturated zone (UZ) in the total system performance assessment-license application (TSPA-LA). In particular, this model will be used to quantify the time-dependent radionuclide releases from a failed waste package (WP) and their subsequent transport through the EBS to the emplacement drift wall/UZ interface. The development of this conceptual model will allow Performance Assessment Operations (PAO) and its Engineered Barrier Performance Department to provide a more detailed and complete EBS flow and transport abstraction. The results from this conceptual model will allow PA0 to address portions of the key technical issues (KTIs) presented in three NRC Issue Resolution Status Reports (IRSRs): (1) the Evolution of the Near-Field Environment (ENFE), Revision 2 (NRC 1999a), (2) the Container Life and Source Term (CLST), Revision 2 (NRC 1999b), and (3) the Thermal Effects on Flow (TEF), Revision 1 (NRC 1998). The conceptual model for flow and transport in the EBS will be referred to as the ''EBS RT Abstraction'' in this analysis/modeling report (AMR). The scope of this abstraction and report is limited to flow and transport processes. More specifically, this AMR does not discuss elements of the TSPA-SR and TSPA-LA that relate to the EBS but are discussed in other AMRs. These elements include corrosion processes, radionuclide solubility limits, waste form dissolution rates and concentrations of colloidal particles that are generally represented as boundary conditions or input parameters for the EBS RT Abstraction. In effect, this AMR provides the algorithms for transporting radionuclides using the flow geometry and radionuclide concentrations

  3. CHINA INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The China International Publishing Group (CIPG) specializes in international communications. Its operationsencompass reporting, editing, translation, publishing, printing, distribution, and the Internet. It incorporates sevenpublishing companies, five magazines and 19 periodicals, published in over 20 languages. The ChinaInternational Book Trading Corporation, another group facet, distributes all of these to over 180 countries and

  4. Chemical Abstracts for chemical education. Kagaku kyoiku ni yakudatsu chemicalter dot abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tokizane, S. (Japan Association for International Chemical Information, Tokyo (Japan))

    1991-10-20

    The Chemical Abstracts, an information source indispensable for chemical researchers, is introduced with an explanation extended to specific procedure for the on-line retrieval. The Chemical Abstracts is an abstract journal for chemical theses, having a history of nearly 85 years, first published in 1907 for the purpose of introducing its members with advanced chemical researches in Europe. The journal is published weekly at the present, 52 volumes annually, with a large index volume. It collects all kinds of literatures and patents in the world relating to chemistry and engineerings, with many issues containing articles about chemical education. The issue number is divided into odd and even numbers, each issue being sectionalized. For example, the Section 20 in an odd number issue is classified as the History, Education and Documentation. The whole abstracts are retrievable on line even from Japan, with a system called CAS ONLINE available. 10 figs., 6 tabs.

  5. Etiquette in scientific publishing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, Vinod

    2013-10-01

    Publishing a scientific article in a journal with a high impact factor and a good reputation is considered prestigious among one's peer group and an essential achievement for career progression. In the drive to get their work published, researchers can forget, either intentionally or unintentionally, the ethics that should be followed in scientific publishing. In an environment where "publish or perish" rules the day, some authors might be tempted to bend or break rules. This special article is intended to raise awareness among orthodontic journal editors, authors, and readers about the types of scientific misconduct in the current publishing scenario and to provide insight into the ways these misconducts are managed by the Committee of Publishing Ethics. Case studies are presented, and various plagiarism detection software programs used by publishing companies are briefly described.

  6. Abstracts of Main Essays

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Position of Capitalist Study in Marx's Social Formation Theory Yang Xue-gong Xi Da-min The orientation and achievements of Marx's study of Capitalism or bourgeois society is the foundation of his social formation theory. On the base of his scientific study of capitalism, Marx evolves his concept of eco- nomic social formation, the scientific methodology of researching other social formations or social forms, the clues of the development of social formations, the abstraction of the general laws as well as his reflection on this abstraction. A full evaluation and acknowledgement of the position of capitalist study in Marx's social formation theory is crucial for revising Marx's social formation theory in the new era and for solving some controversial issues in the research of social formation theory.

  7. Building Safe Concurrency Abstractions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ole Lehrmann

    2014-01-01

    Concurrent object-oriented programming in Beta is based on semaphores and coroutines and the ability to define high-level concurrency abstractions like monitors, and rendezvous-based communication, and their associated schedulers. The coroutine mechanism of SIMULA has been generalized...... into the notions of concurrent and alternating objects. Alternating objects may be used to start a cooperative thread for each possible blocking communication and is thus an alternative to asynchronous messages and guarded commands. Beta like SIMULA, the first OO language, was designed as a language for modeling...... as well as programming, and we describe how this has had an impact on the design of the language. Although Beta supports the definition of high-level concurrency abstractions, the use of these rely on the discipline of the programmer as is the case for Java and other mainstream OO languages. We introduce...

  8. Going digital: a guide for book publishers

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This project report, structured as a guide, strives to inspire and assist small-to-mid-sized Canadian trade publishers to develop their digital strategies. The need for digitization in a period of transition within the publishing industry is explored, as well as the different steps to be taken to create a successful digital strategy. This guide first explores the goals and motivations of digitization, specifically looking at websites, viral marketing, book browsing and searching, and e-books....

  9. Research Abstracts of 1982.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    Activity in Hamsters (Abstract #667) 9. L. SIMONSON*, B. LAMBERTS, E. PEDERSON and D. REIHER’--*gEffect of Saliva and Sucrose on Adherence of S.. mutans to...presence of osteosclerosis and/or enlargement of periodontal ligament space; pain duration greater than one hour and spontaneous or severe pain; no...Unstimulated whole saliva was collected in chilled containers from 29 CF and 29 CA recruits, along with data on smoking habits. Flow rate, pH, OSCN

  10. Introduction to abstract analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Goldstein, Marvin E

    2015-01-01

    Developed from lectures delivered at NASA's Lewis Research Center, this concise text introduces scientists and engineers with backgrounds in applied mathematics to the concepts of abstract analysis. Rather than preparing readers for research in the field, this volume offers background necessary for reading the literature of pure mathematics. Starting with elementary set concepts, the treatment explores real numbers, vector and metric spaces, functions and relations, infinite collections of sets, and limits of sequences. Additional topics include continuity and function algebras, Cauchy complet

  11. Generalized Abstract Symbolic Summaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Person, Suzette; Dwyer, Matthew B.

    2009-01-01

    Current techniques for validating and verifying program changes often consider the entire program, even for small changes, leading to enormous V&V costs over a program s lifetime. This is due, in large part, to the use of syntactic program techniques which are necessarily imprecise. Building on recent advances in symbolic execution of heap manipulating programs, in this paper, we develop techniques for performing abstract semantic differencing of program behaviors that offer the potential for improved precision.

  12. SPR 2014. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-05-15

    The proceedings of the SPR 2014 meeting include abstracts on the following topics: Body imaging techniques: practical advice for clinic work; thoracic imaging: focus on the lungs; gastrointestinal imaging: focus on the pancreas and bowel; genitourinary imaging: focus on gonadal radiology; muscoskeletal imaging; focus on oncology; child abuse and nor child abuse: focus on radiography; impact of NMR and CT imaging on management of CHD; education and communication: art and practice in pediatric radiology.

  13. Towards Composable Concurrency Abstractions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janwillem Swalens

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the past decades, many different programming models for managing concurrency in applications have been proposed, such as the actor model, Communicating Sequential Processes, and Software Transactional Memory. The ubiquity of multi-core processors has made harnessing concurrency even more important. We observe that modern languages, such as Scala, Clojure, or F#, provide not one, but multiple concurrency models that help developers manage concurrency. Large end-user applications are rarely built using just a single concurrency model. Programmers need to manage a responsive UI, deal with file or network I/O, asynchronous workflows, and shared resources. Different concurrency models facilitate different requirements. This raises the issue of how these concurrency models interact, and whether they are composable. After all, combining different concurrency models may lead to subtle bugs or inconsistencies. In this paper, we perform an in-depth study of the concurrency abstractions provided by the Clojure language. We study all pairwise combinations of the abstractions, noting which ones compose without issues, and which do not. We make an attempt to abstract from the specifics of Clojure, identifying the general properties of concurrency models that facilitate or hinder composition.

  14. EBS Radionuclide Transport Abstraction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J. Prouty

    2006-07-14

    The purpose of this report is to develop and analyze the engineered barrier system (EBS) radionuclide transport abstraction model, consistent with Level I and Level II model validation, as identified in Technical Work Plan for: Near-Field Environment and Transport: Engineered Barrier System: Radionuclide Transport Abstraction Model Report Integration (BSC 2005 [DIRS 173617]). The EBS radionuclide transport abstraction (or EBS RT Abstraction) is the conceptual model used in the total system performance assessment (TSPA) to determine the rate of radionuclide releases from the EBS to the unsaturated zone (UZ). The EBS RT Abstraction conceptual model consists of two main components: a flow model and a transport model. Both models are developed mathematically from first principles in order to show explicitly what assumptions, simplifications, and approximations are incorporated into the models used in the TSPA. The flow model defines the pathways for water flow in the EBS and specifies how the flow rate is computed in each pathway. Input to this model includes the seepage flux into a drift. The seepage flux is potentially split by the drip shield, with some (or all) of the flux being diverted by the drip shield and some passing through breaches in the drip shield that might result from corrosion or seismic damage. The flux through drip shield breaches is potentially split by the waste package, with some (or all) of the flux being diverted by the waste package and some passing through waste package breaches that might result from corrosion or seismic damage. Neither the drip shield nor the waste package survives an igneous intrusion, so the flux splitting submodel is not used in the igneous scenario class. The flow model is validated in an independent model validation technical review. The drip shield and waste package flux splitting algorithms are developed and validated using experimental data. The transport model considers advective transport and diffusive transport

  15. ABSTRACTION FOCUSED SYSTEM FOR USER FRIENDLY INFORMATION HANDLING OVER WWW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Pushpa R. Suri

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The World Wide Web has become the medium of preference for the circulation of information by common man,teams, organizations, and social communities. Information computing is the fundamental mean by which web information is retrieved and distributed. Conventional information computing approaches continues to be the most common to search documents of potential relevance. But unfortunately these offer only an imperfect solution as many relevant documents may be missed in the crude search process. The search process is sharplyquery specific and the results blindly follow the terms entered. The proposed Abstraction Focused framework for improved information computing over web attempts to resolve this basic problem that stamps from the information needs of the diverse users from the web. It implements abstraction by defining different indicators for directing the user search interests. Results from experiments with Abstraction Focused System approve the success particularly in cases where different users have a defined boundary of the search over WWW.

  16. Identifying Useful Terms to Retrieve Survival Data Meta-Analyses Publications for Bibliographic Databases Search Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Corneliu LEUCUŢA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Quality research and quality evidence based medicine practice has an important pillar in a solid bibliographic documentation. Quality bibliographic documentation makes use of search strategies to retrieve articles from search engines of bibliographic databases. The AIM of this study was the identification of useful search terms to be used in search strategies that try to find meta-analyses of survival data. Materials and methods: A qualitative study based on text analysis was undertaken to identify useful terms for search strategies in abstracts of scientific papers. Survival analysis meta-analyses publication type studies, published between 1996 and 2005, were searched in Medline bibliographic database through Pubmed web interface. Each abstract was analysed and each important terms were noted down if they were considered to be useful in the creation of search strategies for analysis of survival data, or meta-analyses. Results: Pubmed search yielded 773 results. From these search results 401 (52% fulfilled inclusion criteria. The terms that were identified as useful in search strategies for meta-analyses of survival data are presented in the paper.

  17. Publishing studies: what else?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertrand Legendre

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper intends to reposition “publishing studies” in the long process that goes from the beginning of book history to the current research on cultural industries. It raises questions about interdisciplinarity and the possibility of considering publishing independently of other sectors of the media and cultural offerings. Publishing is now included in a large range of industries and, at the same time, analyses tend to become more and more segmented according to production sectors and scientific fields. In addition to the problems created, from the professional point of view, by this double movement, this one requires a questioning of the concept of “publishing studies”.

  18. IPR 2016. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2016-05-15

    The volume on the meeting of pediatric radiology includes abstract on the following issues: chest, cardiovascular system, neuroradiology, CT radiation DRs (diagnostic reference levels) and dose reporting guidelines, genitourinary imaging, gastrointestinal radiology, oncology an nuclear medicine, whole body imaging, fetal/neonates imaging, child abuse, oncology and hybrid imaging, value added imaging, muscoskeletal imaging, dose and radiation safety, imaging children - immobilization and distraction techniques, information - education - QI and healthcare policy, ALARA, the knowledge skills and competences for a technologist/radiographer in pediatric radiology, full exploitation of new technological features in pediatric CT, image quality issues in pediatrics, abdominal imaging, interventional radiology, MR contrast agents, tumor - mass imaging, cardiothoracic imaging, ultrasonography.

  19. Elements of abstract algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Clark, Allan

    1984-01-01

    This concise, readable, college-level text treats basic abstract algebra in remarkable depth and detail. An antidote to the usual surveys of structure, the book presents group theory, Galois theory, and classical ideal theory in a framework emphasizing proof of important theorems.Chapter I (Set Theory) covers the basics of sets. Chapter II (Group Theory) is a rigorous introduction to groups. It contains all the results needed for Galois theory as well as the Sylow theorems, the Jordan-Holder theorem, and a complete treatment of the simplicity of alternating groups. Chapter III (Field Theory)

  20. Abstracts of Major Articles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On Problems in Fujian's Present Health Insurance Professionals and Related Suggestions LIN Deng-hui,WU Xiao-nan (School of Public Health, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou 350108, China) Abstract:Based on a statistical analysis of questionnaire survey data collected from practitioners in Fu- jian's medical insurance management system, the paper discusses the problems relevant to the staff's qua lity structure in this industry as well as mechanisms for continuing education and motivation. Finally, the authors advance such suggestions as increasing the levels of practitioner's expertise and working capacity by developing disciplinary education and continuing motivated with a well-established motivation system. education, and encouraging employees to get highly

  1. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Establishment of a Method for Content Determination of Polysaccharide in Membranous milkveteh root Applied in Fisheries Yu Xiao-qing et al. (1) Abstract Some chemical component in the traditional Chinese medicine Membranous milkvetch root can improve the ability of disease-prevention of animal and it can be applied in fisheries. In the paper, the method about content determination of polysaccharide in the root was established based on orthogonal experimental design Key words medicine; polysaccharide in Membranous milkvetch root; method of determination

  2. ESPR 2015. Abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-05-10

    The volume includes the abstracts of the ESPR 2015 covering the following topics: PCG (post graduate courses): Radiography; fluoroscopy and general issue; nuclear medicine, interventional radiology and hybrid imaging, pediatric CT, pediatric ultrasound; MRI in childhood. Scientific sessions and task force sessions: International aspects; neuroradiology, neonatal imaging, engineering techniques to simulate injury in child abuse, CT - dose and quality, challenges in the chest, cardiovascular and chest, muscoskeletal, oncology, pediatric uroradiology and abdominal imaging, fetal and postmortem imaging, education and global challenges, neuroradiology - head and neck, gastrointestinal and genitourinary.

  3. Rate and Predictors of the Conversion of Abstracts Presented at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress Scientific Meetings to Full Peer-Reviewed Publications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abuzeid, Wael; Fosbøl, Emil Loldrup; Fosbøl, Philip Loldrup

    2013-01-01

    abstracts presented at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress (CCC) from 2006 to 2010 into peer-reviewed article publications within 2 years of their initial presentation. Using a previously validated computer algorithm, we searched the International Statistical Institute Web of Science to identify peer......The rate of conversion of abstracts presented at scientific meetings into peer-reviewed published manuscripts is an important metric for medical societies, because it facilitates translation of scientific knowledge into practice. We determined the rate and predictors of conversion of scientific...

  4. EBS Radionuclide Transport Abstraction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J.D. Schreiber

    2005-08-25

    The purpose of this report is to develop and analyze the engineered barrier system (EBS) radionuclide transport abstraction model, consistent with Level I and Level II model validation, as identified in ''Technical Work Plan for: Near-Field Environment and Transport: Engineered Barrier System: Radionuclide Transport Abstraction Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 173617]). The EBS radionuclide transport abstraction (or EBS RT Abstraction) is the conceptual model used in the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA-LA) to determine the rate of radionuclide releases from the EBS to the unsaturated zone (UZ). The EBS RT Abstraction conceptual model consists of two main components: a flow model and a transport model. Both models are developed mathematically from first principles in order to show explicitly what assumptions, simplifications, and approximations are incorporated into the models used in the TSPA-LA. The flow model defines the pathways for water flow in the EBS and specifies how the flow rate is computed in each pathway. Input to this model includes the seepage flux into a drift. The seepage flux is potentially split by the drip shield, with some (or all) of the flux being diverted by the drip shield and some passing through breaches in the drip shield that might result from corrosion or seismic damage. The flux through drip shield breaches is potentially split by the waste package, with some (or all) of the flux being diverted by the waste package and some passing through waste package breaches that might result from corrosion or seismic damage. Neither the drip shield nor the waste package survives an igneous intrusion, so the flux splitting submodel is not used in the igneous scenario class. The flow model is validated in an independent model validation technical review. The drip shield and waste package flux splitting algorithms are developed and validated using experimental data. The transport

  5. Publishing for Impact

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerritsma, W.

    2015-01-01

    The starting point of my presentation is that you have carried out the most valuable, relevant and exciting research. This presentation is to point out to you some publishing tips that should be part of your publishing strategy. My goal is to make you think about a publication strategy. Your publica

  6. PublisherPartners webshop

    OpenAIRE

    Piferrer Torres, Enric

    2013-01-01

    Projecte realitzat en col·laboració amb Fontys University of Applied Sciences i l'empresa PublisherPartners. The main goal in the project was to build a website where the company PublisherPartners could sell and offer its products online to the customer

  7. Full text and figure display improves bioscience literature search.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Divoli

    Full Text Available When reading bioscience journal articles, many researchers focus attention on the figures and their captions. This observation led to the development of the BioText literature search engine, a freely available Web-based application that allows biologists to search over the contents of Open Access Journals, and see figures from the articles displayed directly in the search results. This article presents a qualitative assessment of this system in the form of a usability study with 20 biologist participants using and commenting on the system. 19 out of 20 participants expressed a desire to use a bioscience literature search engine that displays articles' figures alongside the full text search results. 15 out of 20 participants said they would use a caption search and figure display interface either frequently or sometimes, while 4 said rarely and 1 said undecided. 10 out of 20 participants said they would use a tool for searching the text of tables and their captions either frequently or sometimes, while 7 said they would use it rarely if at all, 2 said they would never use it, and 1 was undecided. This study found evidence, supporting results of an earlier study, that bioscience literature search systems such as PubMed should show figures from articles alongside search results. It also found evidence that full text and captions should be searched along with the article title, metadata, and abstract. Finally, for a subset of users and information needs, allowing for explicit search within captions for figures and tables is a useful function, but it is not entirely clear how to cleanly integrate this within a more general literature search interface. Such a facility supports Open Access publishing efforts, as it requires access to full text of documents and the lifting of restrictions in order to show figures in the search interface.

  8. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Acute Toxicity Test of Four Drugs to Perch Fries Zhu You-fang et al(1) Abstract Acute toxicity test of four drugs to perch Lateolabrax maculates were studied. The results showed: (1)The LC50 values of perch to copper sulfate was 4.58 mg/L(24h), 2.93 mg/ L(48h), 1.81 mg/L(72h) and 0.78 mg/L (96h) respectively; to SHA CHONG WEI was 35.11 mg/ L(24h), 15.81 mg/L(48h), 11.20 mg/L(72h), 9.36 mg/ L (96h)respectively;

  9. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Determination of the Estrogen Alkylphenols and Bisphenol A in Marine Sediments by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Deng Xu-xiu et al. (1) Abstract Octylphenol, nonylphenol and bisphenol A are recognized environmental endocrine disruptors. A quantitative method was established for the simultaneous determination of octylphenol, nonylphenol and bisphenol A in marine sediments by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The test sample was extracted by methanol with ultrasonic technique, purified with copper powder and carbon solid phase extraction column, and derived with heptafluorobutyric anhydride. Then the analytes were separated on HP-5ms column and determined by gas chromatography-mass. The recovery of the method was between 84.3% and 94.5%, and the LOQ of 4-N- octylphenol, nonylphenol and bisphenol A was 0.25 g/kg, 0.15 g/kg and 0.15 g/kg. Key words octylphenol; nonylphenol; bisphenol A; gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

  10. Contents and Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    [Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations] Title: On Poseidon's Image in Homeric Epics Author: Zhu Yizhang, Lecturer, School of History and Culture, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, 250100, China. Abstract: Poseidon was an important role in religion, myth and literature of ancient Greece. His religious functions, and status in mythical image in literature were mainly established by Homeric Epics. Poseidon doesn't only appear frequently in the Homeric Epics but also influences the development of the plots directly; therefore, he could be seen as one of the most important gods in the Epics. But Homeric Epics do not introduce his basic image clearly. In Homeric Epics, Poseidon carries the deity and humanity aspect of the figure, and the latter was emphasized, which implied his archetype was a mortal wanax.

  11. Abstracts of Selected Papers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the Social Solidarity of Organization An Empirical Analysis Li Hanlin Abstract: Based on the 2002 survey data, this paper tries to measure solidarity in organization. The operationalization for this measurement goes from two points of view. One is from the degree of cohesion and another one is from the degree of vulnerability. To observe and measure the degree of cohesion three subscales like social support, vertical integration and organizational identity have been used. To observe and measure the degree of vulnerability other three subscales like dissatisfaction, relative deprivation and anomie have been used. The paper tries to explore finally under which condition the organization behavior and behavior orientation could go to the similarity or make some difference. Key words: Organization Cohesion Vulnerability Organization Behavior

  12. Writing a successful research abstract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bliss, Donna Z

    2012-01-01

    Writing and submitting a research abstract provides timely dissemination of the findings of a study and offers peer input for the subsequent development of a quality manuscript. Acceptance of abstracts is competitive. Understanding the expected content of an abstract, the abstract review process and tips for skillful writing will improve the chance of acceptance.

  13. Elearning and digital publishing

    CERN Document Server

    Ching, Hsianghoo Steve; Mc Naught, Carmel

    2006-01-01

    ""ELearning and Digital Publishing"" will occupy a unique niche in the literature accessed by library and publishing specialists, and by university teachers and planners. It examines the interfaces between the work done by four groups of university staff who have been in the past quite separate from, or only marginally related to, each other - library staff, university teachers, university policy makers, and staff who work in university publishing presses. All four groups are directly and intimately connected with the main functions of universities - the creation, management and dissemination

  14. Data Sharing & Publishing at Nature Publishing Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanDecar, J. C.; Hrynaszkiewicz, I.; Hufton, A. L.

    2015-12-01

    In recent years, the research community has come to recognize that upon-request data sharing has important limitations1,2. The Nature-titled journals feel that researchers have a duty to share data without undue qualifications, in a manner that allows others to replicate and build upon their published findings. Historically, the Nature journals have been strong supporters of data deposition in communities with existing data mandates, and have required data sharing upon request in all other cases. To help address some of the limitations of upon-request data sharing, the Nature titles have strengthened their existing data policies and forged a new partnership with Scientific Data, to promote wider data sharing in discoverable, citeable and reusable forms, and to ensure that scientists get appropriate credit for sharing3. Scientific Data is a new peer-reviewed journal for descriptions of research datasets, which works with a wide of range of public data repositories4. Articles at Scientific Data may either expand on research publications at other journals or may be used to publish new datasets. The Nature Publishing Group has also signed the Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles5, and Scientific Data is our first journal to include formal data citations. We are currently in the process of adding data citation support to our various journals. 1 Wicherts, J. M., Borsboom, D., Kats, J. & Molenaar, D. The poor availability of psychological research data for reanalysis. Am. Psychol. 61, 726-728, doi:10.1037/0003-066x.61.7.726 (2006). 2 Vines, T. H. et al. Mandated data archiving greatly improves access to research data. FASEB J. 27, 1304-1308, doi:10.1096/fj.12-218164 (2013). 3 Data-access practices strengthened. Nature 515, 312, doi:10.1038/515312a (2014). 4 More bang for your byte. Sci. Data 1, 140010, doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.10 (2014). 5 Data Citation Synthesis Group: Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles. (FORCE11, San Diego, CA, 2014).

  15. Search Engines for Tomorrow's Scholars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagan, Jody Condit

    2011-01-01

    Today's scholars face an outstanding array of choices when choosing search tools: Google Scholar, discipline-specific abstracts and index databases, library discovery tools, and more recently, Microsoft's re-launch of their academic search tool, now dubbed Microsoft Academic Search. What are these tools' strengths for the emerging needs of…

  16. About EBSCO Publishing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>EBSCO Publishing,headquartered in Ipswich,Massachusetts[1],is an aggregator of premium full-text content. EBSCO Publishing’s core business is providing online databases via EBSCOhost to libraries worldwide.

  17. A Publisher's Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McElderry, Margaret K.

    1988-01-01

    Compares the publishing industry of forty years ago to that of today, noting that the earlier market was less demanding and allowed the pursuit of excellence as well as the backlisting of high quality books. (ARH)

  18. Relative Effectiveness of Titles, Abstracts, and Subject Headings for Machine Retrieval from the COMPENDEX Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Jerry R.

    1975-01-01

    Investigated the relative merits of searching on titles, subject headings, abstracts, free-language terms, and combinations of these elements. The combination of titles and abstracts came the closest to 100 percent retrieval. (Author/PF)

  19. Stellar Presentations (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, D.

    2015-12-01

    (Abstract only) The AAVSO is in the process of expanding its education, outreach and speakers bureau program. powerpoint presentations prepared for specific target audiences such as AAVSO members, educators, students, the general public, and Science Olympiad teams, coaches, event supervisors, and state directors will be available online for members to use. The presentations range from specific and general content relating to stellar evolution and variable stars to specific activities for a workshop environment. A presentation—even with a general topic—that works for high school students will not work for educators, Science Olympiad teams, or the general public. Each audience is unique and requires a different approach. The current environment necessitates presentations that are captivating for a younger generation that is embedded in a highly visual and sound-bite world of social media, twitter and U-Tube, and mobile devices. For educators, presentations and workshops for themselves and their students must support the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), the Common Core Content Standards, and the Science Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) initiative. Current best practices for developing relevant and engaging powerpoint presentations to deliver information to a variety of targeted audiences will be presented along with several examples.

  20. Judgement of abstract paintings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dakulović Sandra

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In two experiments the judgement of twenty one abstract paintings was investigated. In Experiment 1, subjects were asked to make similarity judgements of 210 pairs of paintings on a 7 step bipolar scale (similar-dissimilar. The Multi-dimensional scaling (MDS method was used for data analysis. The distribution of paintings within MDS 2-D space suggested two grouping criteria: colorfullness (e.g. from Klee to Kline and geometrization (e.g. from Vasarely to Kandinsky. In Experiment 2, subjects were asked to judge the same paintings on three factors of the instrument SDF 9 (Marković et al., 2002b: Evaluation, Arousal and Regularity. The purpose of this experiment was to specify the subjective criteria on which the (dissimilarity judgements were based. In the regression analysis the three factors of SDF 9 were defined as predictors, whereas the x and y coordinates of MDS 2-D space were defined as dependent variables. The results have shown that the dimension x was reducible to the Evaluation factor, and dimension y is reducible to the Regularity factor.

  1. Exoplanets and Multiverses (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimble, V.

    2016-12-01

    (Abstract only) To the ancients, the Earth was the Universe, of a size to be crossed by a god in a day, by boat or chariot, and by humans in a lifetime. Thus an exoplanet would have been a multiverse. The ideas gradually separated over centuries, with gradual acceptance of a sun-centered solar system, the stars as suns likely to have their own planets, other galaxies beyond the Milky Way, and so forth. And whenever the community divided between "just one' of anything versus "many," the "manies" have won. Discoveries beginning in 1991 and 1995 have gradually led to a battalion or two of planets orbiting other stars, very few like our own little family, and to moderately serious consideration of even larger numbers of other universes, again very few like our own. I'm betting, however, on habitable (though not necessarily inhabited) exoplanets to be found, and habitable (though again not necessarily inhabited) universes. Only the former will yield pretty pictures.

  2. Publishing for Impact

    OpenAIRE

    Gerritsma, W.

    2015-01-01

    The starting point of my presentation is that you have carried out the most valuable, relevant and exciting research. This presentation is to point out to you some publishing tips that should be part of your publishing strategy. My goal is to make you think about a publication strategy. Your publication strategy. And assure that your research finds the best possible publication venue and is presented in the most optimal way.

  3. Abstraction of Drift Seepage

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    J.T. Birkholzer

    2004-11-01

    This model report documents the abstraction of drift seepage, conducted to provide seepage-relevant parameters and their probability distributions for use in Total System Performance Assessment for License Application (TSPA-LA). Drift seepage refers to the flow of liquid water into waste emplacement drifts. Water that seeps into drifts may contact waste packages and potentially mobilize radionuclides, and may result in advective transport of radionuclides through breached waste packages [''Risk Information to Support Prioritization of Performance Assessment Models'' (BSC 2003 [DIRS 168796], Section 3.3.2)]. The unsaturated rock layers overlying and hosting the repository form a natural barrier that reduces the amount of water entering emplacement drifts by natural subsurface processes. For example, drift seepage is limited by the capillary barrier forming at the drift crown, which decreases or even eliminates water flow from the unsaturated fractured rock into the drift. During the first few hundred years after waste emplacement, when above-boiling rock temperatures will develop as a result of heat generated by the decay of the radioactive waste, vaporization of percolation water is an additional factor limiting seepage. Estimating the effectiveness of these natural barrier capabilities and predicting the amount of seepage into drifts is an important aspect of assessing the performance of the repository. The TSPA-LA therefore includes a seepage component that calculates the amount of seepage into drifts [''Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) Model/Analysis for the License Application'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168504], Section 6.3.3.1)]. The TSPA-LA calculation is performed with a probabilistic approach that accounts for the spatial and temporal variability and inherent uncertainty of seepage-relevant properties and processes. Results are used for subsequent TSPA-LA components that may handle, for example, waste package

  4. Fairness in scientific publishing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Philippa C.

    2017-01-01

    Major changes are afoot in the world of academic publishing, exemplified by innovations in publishing platforms, new approaches to metrics, improvements in our approach to peer review, and a focus on developing and encouraging open access to scientific literature and data. The FAIR acronym recommends that authors and publishers should aim to make their output Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable. In this opinion article, I explore the parallel view that we should take a collective stance on making the dissemination of scientific data fair in the conventional sense, by being mindful of equity and justice for patients, clinicians, academics, publishers, funders and academic institutions. The views I represent are founded on oral and written dialogue with clinicians, academics and the publishing industry. Further progress is needed to improve collaboration and dialogue between these groups, to reduce misinterpretation of metrics, to minimise inequity that arises as a consequence of geographic setting, to improve economic sustainability, and to broaden the spectrum, scope, and diversity of scientific publication.

  5. Publishers and repositories

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2007-01-01

    The impact of self-archiving on journals and publishers is an important topic for all those involved in scholarly communication. There is some evidence that the physics arXiv has had no impact on physics journals, while 'economic common sense' suggests that some impact is inevitable. I shall review recent studies of librarian attitudes towards repositories and journals, and place this in the context of IOP Publishing's experiences with arXiv. I shall offer some possible reasons for the mis-match between these perspectives and then discuss how IOP has linked with arXiv and experimented with OA publishing. As well as launching OA journals we have co-operated with Cornell and the arXiv on Eprintweb.org, a platform that offers new features to repository users. View Andrew Wray's biography

  6. Ethics in Scientific Publishing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sage, Leslie J.

    2012-08-01

    We all learn in elementary school not turn in other people's writing as if it were our own (plagiarism), and in high school science labs not to fake our data. But there are many other practices in scientific publishing that are depressingly common and almost as unethical. At about the 20 percent level authors are deliberately hiding recent work -- by themselves as well as by others -- so as to enhance the apparent novelty of their most recent paper. Some people lie about the dates the data were obtained, to cover up conflicts of interest, or inappropriate use of privileged information. Others will publish the same conference proceeding in multiple volumes, or publish the same result in multiple journals with only trivial additions of data or analysis (self-plagiarism). These shady practices should be roundly condemned and stopped. I will discuss these and other unethical actions I have seen over the years, and steps editors are taking to stop them.

  7. Introduction to scientific publishing backgrounds, concepts, strategies

    CERN Document Server

    Öchsner, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    This book is a very concise introduction to the basic knowledge of scientific publishing. It  starts with the basics of writing a scientific paper, and recalls the different types of scientific documents. In gives an overview on the major scientific publishing companies and different business models. The book also introduces to abstracting and indexing services and how they can be used for the evaluation of science, scientists, and institutions. Last but not least, this short book faces the problem of plagiarism and publication ethics.

  8. Hprints - Licence to publish

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rabow, Ingegerd; Sikström, Marjatta; Drachen, Thea Marie;

    2010-01-01

    realised the potential advantages for them. The universities have a role here as well as the libraries that manage the archives and support scholars in various aspects of the publishing processes. Libraries are traditionally service providers with a mission to facilitate the knowledge production...

  9. Book on CPC Published

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    A book that answers 13 questions about how the Communist Party of China(CPC) works in China and why the Party has made great achievements in the past decades has been recently published by the Beijing-based New World Press.

  10. Scholars | Digital Representation | Publishing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodgson, Justin

    2014-01-01

    Understanding the current state of digital publishing means that writers can now do more and say more in more ways than ever before in human history. As modes, methods, media and mechanisms of expression mutate into newer and newer digital forms, writers find themselves at a moment when they can create, critique collaborate, and comment according…

  11. Using abstract language signals power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakslak, Cheryl J; Smith, Pamela K; Han, Albert

    2014-07-01

    Power can be gained through appearances: People who exhibit behavioral signals of power are often treated in a way that allows them to actually achieve such power (Ridgeway, Berger, & Smith, 1985; Smith & Galinsky, 2010). In the current article, we examine power signals within interpersonal communication, exploring whether use of concrete versus abstract language is seen as a signal of power. Because power activates abstraction (e.g., Smith & Trope, 2006), perceivers may expect higher power individuals to speak more abstractly and therefore will infer that speakers who use more abstract language have a higher degree of power. Across a variety of contexts and conversational subjects in 7 experiments, participants perceived respondents as more powerful when they used more abstract language (vs. more concrete language). Abstract language use appears to affect perceived power because it seems to reflect both a willingness to judge and a general style of abstract thinking.

  12. FFCAct Clearinghouse, Directory of abstracts. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harwood, T.

    1994-05-01

    The Federal Facility Compliance Act (FFCAct) Clearinghouse is a card catalog of information about the FFCAct and its requirements for developing Site Treatment Plans (STP). The information available in the clearinghouse includes abstracts describing computer applications, technical reports, and a list of technical experts. Information can be accessed for use in responding to FFCAct requirements, and the clearinghouse provides search capabilities on particular topics and issues related to STP development. Appendix A includes: contacts from each site, for which contact has been made, who are developing STPs; the FFCAct Clearinghouse Fact Sheet and; additional hard copy forms to be used to populate the database. This report contains 50 abstracts related to the Radioactive Waste Technical Support Program.

  13. Prepare to publish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, P M

    2000-01-01

    "I couldn't possibly write an article." "I don't have anything worthwhile to write about." "I am not qualified to write for publication." Do any of these statements sound familiar? This article is intended to dispel these beliefs. You can write an article. You care for the most complex patients in the health care system so you do have something worthwhile to write about. Beside correct spelling and grammar there are no special skills, certificates or diplomas required for publishing. You are qualified to write for publication. The purpose of this article is to take the mystique out of the publication process. Each step of publishing an article will be explained, from idea formation to framing your first article. Practical examples and recommendations will be presented. The essential components of the APA format necessary for Dynamics: The Official Journal of the Canadian Association of Critical Care Nurses will be outlined and resources to assist you will be provided.

  14. Support open access publishing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekstrøm, Jeannette

    2013-01-01

    Projektet Support Open Access Publishing har til mål at få opdateret Sherpa/Romeo databasen (www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo) med fagligt relevante, danske tidsskrifter. Projektet skal endvidere undersøge mulighederne for at få udviklet en database, hvor forskere på tværs af relevante tidsskriftsinformati......Projektet Support Open Access Publishing har til mål at få opdateret Sherpa/Romeo databasen (www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo) med fagligt relevante, danske tidsskrifter. Projektet skal endvidere undersøge mulighederne for at få udviklet en database, hvor forskere på tværs af relevante...... tidsskriftsinformationer (faglig disciplin, BFI niveau, Impact Factor, Open Access) vil kunne danne sig et hurtigt overblik, for derved at kunne træffe et kvalificeret valg om, hvor og hvordan man skal publicere sine forskningsresultater....

  15. Towards Hypermedia Electronic Publishing

    OpenAIRE

    Konstantas, Dimitri; Morin, Jean-Henry

    1995-01-01

    The most important problem that decision makers face in today's ever increasing information flux is how to find efficiently and fast the useful information. Hypermedia Electronic Publishing systems, supporting active information distribution and offering hypertext browsing facilities, provide a promising solution to this problem. Nevertheless several issues, like value added services, retrieval and access mechanism, information marketing as well as financial and security aspects should be res...

  16. Reclaiming Society Publishing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philip E. Steinberg

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Learned societies have become aligned with commercial publishers, who have increasingly taken over the latter’s function as independent providers of scholarly information. Using the example of geographical societies, the advantages and disadvantages of this trend are examined. It is argued that in an era of digital publication, learned societies can offer leadership with a new model of open access that can guarantee high quality scholarly material whose publication costs are supported by society membership dues.

  17. Hedonism in Abstract Art: Minimalist digital abstract photography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srdjan Jovanović

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In this piece of writing the writer/artist puts forward the view that art can be understood and taken in as sometimes purely hedonistic. By drawing upon the theories pertaining to hedonism, he applies this view to minimalist digital abstract photography and tries to justify his point of view with the help of three abstract photographs.

  18. Dialogical surface text features in abstracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid García-Østbye

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A sample driven description of Research Article-Comment-Reply (RA-C-R abstracts in terms of abstract sentence length, reference, possessive structures, modal verbs and word range was carried out to find out whether their surface text features showed some trace of a dialogical construction of knowledge within the psychology discourse community. The study served an exploratory purpose. A Boolean search was conducted in the PsycLIT database yielding a sample of 149 PsycLIT RA-C-R abstracts (13,978 words. Relative frequency percent distributions were calculated for all variables, including reported speech verbs. Specific comparisons with a Medline corpus were conducted and variations were accounted for in terms of scientific discourse characteristics, field, database policies, and dialogical nature; that is, in the framework provided by the strands of research of quantitative applied linguistics, social concerns in genre analysis and the model monopoly theory developed in the implementation in sociology of the systems theory. The results suggest: (i a word range affected by both psychology as a discipline and the dialogical content on which PsycLIT RA-C-R abstracts report; (ii a complementarity of reference and possessive structures characterised by features of scientific discourse, feedback genres and dialogical dimensions; (iii the presence of both deontic and epistemic modality in the modal verbs of our sample; (iv and also that abstract length, sentence length and number of sentences per paragraph in our sample may not vary greatly in general terms from those of the social sciences.

  19. Plagiarism in scientific publishing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2012-12-01

    Scientific publishing is the ultimate product of scientist work. Number of publications and their quoting are measures of scientist success while unpublished researches are invisible to the scientific community, and as such nonexistent. Researchers in their work rely on their predecessors, while the extent of use of one scientist work, as a source for the work of other authors is the verification of its contributions to the growth of human knowledge. If the author has published an article in a scientific journal it cannot publish the article in any other journal h with a few minor adjustments or without quoting parts of the first article, which are used in another article. Copyright infringement occurs when the author of a new article with or without the mentioning the author used substantial portions of previously published articles, including tables and figures. Scientific institutions and universities should,in accordance with the principles of Good Scientific Practice (GSP) and Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) have a center for monitoring,security, promotion and development of quality research. Establish rules and compliance to rules of good scientific practice are the obligations of each research institutions,universities and every individual-researchers,regardless of which area of science is investigated. In this way, internal quality control ensures that a research institution such as a university, assume responsibility for creating an environment that promotes standards of excellence, intellectual honesty and legality. Although the truth should be the aim of scientific research, it is not guiding fact for all scientists. The best way to reach the truth in its study and to avoid the methodological and ethical mistakes is to consistently apply scientific methods and ethical standards in research. Although variously defined plagiarism is basically intended to deceive the reader's own scientific contribution. There is no general regulation of control of

  20. Modal abstractions of concurrent behavior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Flemming; Nanz, Sebastian; Nielson, Hanne Riis

    2011-01-01

    We present an effective algorithm for the automatic construction of finite modal transition systems as abstractions of potentially infinite concurrent processes. Modal transition systems are recognized as valuable abstractions for model checking because they allow for the validation as well as re...

  1. Vague Language in Conference Abstracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutting, Joan

    2012-01-01

    This study examined abstracts for a British Association for Applied Linguistics conference and a Sociolinguistics Symposium, to define the genre of conference abstracts in terms of vague language, specifically universal general nouns (e.g. people) and research general nouns (e.g. results), and to discover if the language used reflected the level…

  2. Abstract concepts in grounded cognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lakens, D.

    2010-01-01

    When people think about highly abstract concepts, they draw upon concrete experiences to structure their thoughts. For example, black knights in fairytales are evil, and knights in shining armor are good. The sensory experiences black and white are used to represent the abstract concepts of good and

  3. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts,sponsored by the Documentation and Information Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Optical Information Network of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,is one of the series of science and technology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts started a quarterly publication in 1985,

  4. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts,sponsored by the Documentation andInformation Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Optical Information Networkof the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanicsand Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,is one of the series of science andtechnology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts started a quarterly publication in 1985,

  5. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts,sponsored by the Documentation andInformation Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Optical Information Networkof the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanicsand Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,is one of the series of science andtechnology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy ofSciences.The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts started a quarterly publication in 1985,

  6. PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Refereeing standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, C.; Scriven, N.

    2004-08-01

    On 1 January 2004 I will be assuming the position of Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General (J. Phys. A). I am flattered at the confidence expressed in my ability to carry out this challenging job and I will try hard to justify this confidence. The previous Editor-in-Chief, Ed Corrigan, has worked tirelessly for the last five years and has done an excellent job for the journal. Everyone at the journal is profoundly grateful for his leadership and for his achievements. Before accepting the position of Editor-in-Chief, I visited the office of J. Phys. A to examine the organization and to assess its strengths and weaknesses. This office is located at the Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP) headquarters in Bristol. J. Phys. A has been expanding rapidly and now publishes at the rate of nearly 1000 articles (or about 14,000 pages) per year. The entire operation of the journal is conducted in a very small space---about 15 square metres! Working in this space are six highly intelligent, talented, hard working, and dedicated people: Neil Scriven, Publisher; Mike Williams, Publishing Editor; Rose Gray and Sarah Nadin, Publishing Administrators; Laura Smith and Steve Richards, Production Editors. In this small space every day about eight submitted manuscripts are downloaded from the computer or received in the post. These papers are then processed and catalogued, referees are selected, and the papers are sent out for evaluation. In this small space the referees' reports are received, publication decisions are made, and accepted articles are then published quickly by IOPP. The whole operation is amazingly efficient. Indeed, one of the great strengths of J. Phys. A is the speed at which papers are processed. The average time between the receipt of a manuscript and an editorial decision is under sixty days. (Many distinguished journals take three to five times this amount of time.) This speed of publication is an extremely strong enticement for

  7. RETRACTION: Publishers' Note

    Science.gov (United States)

    post="(Executive Editor">Graeme Watt,

    2010-06-01

    Withdrawal of the paper "Was the fine-structure constant variable over cosmological time?" by L. D. Thong, N. M. Giao, N. T. Hung and T. V. Hung (EPL, 87 (2009) 69002) This paper has been formally withdrawn on ethical grounds because the article contains extensive and repeated instances of plagiarism. EPL treats all identified evidence of plagiarism in the published articles most seriously. Such unethical behaviour will not be tolerated under any circumstance. It is unfortunate that this misconduct was not detected before going to press. My thanks to Editor colleagues from other journals for bringing this fact to my attention.

  8. Abstract algebra structure and application

    CERN Document Server

    Finston, David R

    2014-01-01

    This text seeks to generate interest in abstract algebra by introducing each new structure and topic via a real-world application. The down-to-earth presentation is accessible to a readership with no prior knowledge of abstract algebra. Students are led to algebraic concepts and questions in a natural way through their everyday experiences. Applications include: Identification numbers and modular arithmetic (linear) error-correcting codes, including cyclic codes ruler and compass constructions cryptography symmetry of patterns in the real plane Abstract Algebra: Structure and Application is suitable as a text for a first course on abstract algebra whose main purpose is to generate interest in the subject, or as a supplementary text for more advanced courses. The material paves the way to subsequent courses that further develop the theory of abstract algebra and will appeal to students of mathematics, mathematics education, computer science, and engineering interested in applications of algebraic concepts.

  9. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Effect of Coolant Temperature on Fuel Consumption and Emissions in YC6A220C Diesel Engine;Optimizing NOx emission performance for 16V280ZC diesel engine;CA3-13 coupler of DFsBI diesel locomotive exported to Iran;Mixed traction technology with LOCOTROL system;

  10. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Design of the LabVIEW-based test stand for diesel engine hydraulic governor ZHANG Wei-dong1, LIU Li-hua2, ZONG Ya-ping1 ( 1. Air Force Radar Academy, Wuhan 430019, China; 2. Second Artillery Command College, Wuhan 430019, China)Abstract: the test stand The structure for diesel engine and working principle of hydraulic governor were introduced. The user interface, speed governing curves display and data analysis were realized by IabVIEW to conduct calibration and draulic governor diagnosis for diesel engine hy-

  11. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Application of UIC standards to Chinese railway traction diesel engine industry WANG Xian (Dalian Locomotive Research Institute Co., Ltd., Dalian 116021, China) Abstract: The development, main contents and the practical application of the standards for type test for Chinese railway traction diesel engine were discussed. Key words: UIC standards; locomotive diesel en- gine; type test

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Solving the vibration problem of diesel engine and its peripheral equipments with MK II PAK analysis system,Quality situation and analysis of copper radiator for diesel locomotive,Development of cooling system for GMC-96 rail grinding car

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Development status of domestic and foreign hydraulic transmissions;Effect of advance angle of fuel supply on exhaust emissions for a diesel engine with EGR technology;Effect on noise of diesel engine under different atmospheric preessure and biodiesel blends;Application of digital governing system to V280/285 series marine diesel engine;

  14. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Beliefs and Establishment of Their Orders —— From Sociological Theory Perspectives of Chinese Beliefs LI Xiang-ping Abstract: To understand the "harmonious" phenomena of China's history and culture and their concepts, the key is to understand and recognize its beliefs. Chinese beliefs and their social practice are closely related to establishment of harmonious social, historical and cultural orders in China. In fact, Harmony can refer to either a value target or a social reality, and it is also a kind of belief. The establishment of harmony based on certain beliefs, moral orders, political orders and power orders are basic components of social and cultural harmony. This article, from a sociological theory perspective of beliefs, discusses the positions and roles of different beliefs in building harmonious cultural orders in China, and it then aims to find out some rules of dual changes in Chinese society and Chinese beliefs. Key words: belief; order; harmony; sociological perspectives of belief

  15. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    1.China-U.S. Relations and the Setuv of Asia-Pacific China Institute of International Studies, a member by Shi Yongming, Associate Fellow, of the editorial board of "Peace and Development" magazine and a guest researcher of CPDS. The Asia-Pacific region is a confluence area where interests of China and the U.S. meet together. Development in China-U.S. strategic relationship will have direct impact on the the regional setup. Likewise, evolution and changes in that setup will also produce an effect on that alignment of relationship.

  16. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Post-Western International System and the Rise of the East;Hegemonlc Dependence and the Logic in the Declining Asceudance of Leading Powers;Constructive Leadership and China's Diplomatic Transformation;The Bargaining Model of International Mediation Onset:A Quantitative Test;The Imnact of Gender Differences on National Military Expenditure

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Kong Jie, Li Shurong and Wang Weibo. ARMA model of MEMS acceleration detector and its characteristic analysis. PI, 2011, 25(5): 1 - 3 Impulse response datum of MEMS acceleration detector is got by the vibro-bench experiment. The ARMA model of this detector is built through the Steiglitz-McBride iteration method with impulse response datum. And the orders of ARMA model is evaluated using Hankel matrix rank. The simulation shows that the ARMA model built is very accurate. In the end, the amplitude frequency characteristics of this detector are analyzed according to the ARMA model.

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    (1) New Forms of the "Production of Social Relations" under the Scrutiny of Social Engineering Tian Pengying In the Marxist perspective, the production and reproduction of social relations constitute the basic prerequisite and guarantee for human existence and development, and the establishment of an orderly and harmonious modern social relationship that promotes the coordinated development of material production and spiritual production is an important symbol of man's self-conscientiousness to adapt to, rely on and transform the society. The development, transformation and evolution of social relations is both a natural historical process and a creative process in which social subjects participate, design and construct.

  19. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Analysis and forecast of the world economy The pace of global economic recovery has slowed down markedly and the risk of a sagging world economy has been increasing in 2011. However, the economic slowdown was taking place at different speeds in different categories of economies. The momentum of economic recovery in the developed economies is clearly insufficient, and its economic growth rate is far lower than the rate of the emerging economies and has declined much more than that of emerging economies. Many big developed economies are facing very severe employment situation now, while the space of the their fiscal and monetary policies have been compressed by the upgrade of the sovereign debt crisis and long-term low interest rates, which are associated with the turmoil in international financial markets, the sluggish growth of international trade and investment, fluctuations in international commodity prices, and aggravated social problems.

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Reliability validation studies of locomotive engine turbocharger LI Yu (Dalian Locomotive Research Institute Co., Ltd., Dalian 116021, China) Abstract: Considering the use features of the locomotive diesel engine turbocharger and combining the finite element simulation with experiment, the validation method of tile turbocharger has been studied. In this way, the number of tests can be reduced and the success rate of the test can be increased. And the turbocharger relia- bility assessment can be ahead of the schedule. Key words: turbocharger; reliability; validation test

  1. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Determining Dynamic Rese-rve of Gas R e~servoir by Improved Pressure Drop Method; Mechanical Analysis for Completion String and Its Engineering Applications;Performance Prediction of Natural Depleting Development of Condensate Reservoir with High Gas Condensate Content with a Single Well.

  2. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Adhesive traction test of HXD3 locomotive under simulated rain conditions HAN Chang-hu1, LIU Jie-min2, XU Hao-dong1, SONG Yu-ping1 (1. West Jinan Locomotive Depot, Jinan 250117, China; 2. Jinan Railway Administration, Jinan 250001, China)Abstract: To study the impact of severe weather on HXD3 locomotive adhesive traction force, Jinan Rail- way Administration conducted a adhesive traction test of HXD3 locomotive under simulated rain conditions and accumulated large amount of data for reference.

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on engineering practice, this paper applies the finite element method to model the SAC test results of bolted endplate connection. The ductility capacity of a new extended bolted end-plate connection for industrial buildings and structures is analyzed, and the analysis results can be used in engineering design and the development of specifications concerned.

  4. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    A Representative work that Vainly Attempts to Westernize China On Yang Ji.sheng's Paper "My View of Chinese Pattern" XU Chong-wenAbstract: Mr. Yang Ji-sheng calls economic connotation of Chinese pattern "market economy of power" with all sorts of drawbacks, it is to take the problems that Chinese model deliberately struggles with and even the objects must be resolutely eliminated as the parts of Chinese pattern, thus they are absolute nonsense; he boils down political connotation of Chinese pattern to "authority politics" of "thoroughly denying modem democratic system",

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    ( 1 ) Overview on the Political and Economic Situation in Southeast Asia in 2011 Wang Shi-lu · 1 · Abstract: Being affected by negative factors home and abroad, all countries of Southeast Asia faced pressure in maintaining stability and pushing development in 2011. Despite all that, the relatively stable politics, better economic situation as a whole in Southeast Asia remained. Though security situation was grim, all governments took proper measures to resolve crisis. Meanwhile, regional cooperation was pushed forward in Southeast Asia , and achieved some results.

  6. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Concept Construction and Empirical Analysis of Social Integration for Rural-Urban Migrants in China; Under the Dual Structure of the Triple Migration Model: A Shortage of Migrant Workers, a New Research Framework;Cultural Meanings of Chinese Guanxi: A Viewpoint of Management Scholars;Determinants of Banking Efficiency: Cross-Country Evidence;

  7. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Research of Theory & Method Miscible Flooding Well Test Model With Carbon Dioxide Injection and Its Pressure Analysis. 2011,20(4):1 -4 Zhu Jianwei, Shao Changjin, Liao Xinwei, Yang Zhenqing( China University of Petroleum (Beijing) ) Based on miscible flooding well test analysis theory with carbon dioxide injection, the diffusion model of mixture components when carbon dioxide miscible with the oil and variation law of the temperature and viscosity are analyzed,

  8. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    CONTROL SIGNAL POWERING & WIRING DESIGN OF INTELLIGENT MOTOR OPERATED VALVE ACTU- ATOR [1] Fan Zonghai , J ia Tiehu ( S INOPEC Engineering Incorporation, Beijing, I00101) AbstractzThis article introduces the application of Motor Operated Valve (MOV) actuator, the problems in its control unit wiring, as well as its main technical parameters and control functions. The powering and wiring design of MOV actuator are explained based on application examples, and the advantages, disadvantages and selection principles of two powering design methods, i.e.

  9. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Old local government documents are an important basis for studying ancient villages and clan cultures. From the Xinhui County Gazetteer, it is known that the development of the Tangxia Basin where Liangxi is located had started by the beginning of the Ming Dynasty. By the Kangxi reign period in the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, the village and its clan had received considerable government attention. By' the end of the Qing Dynasty, the village had been sanctified. It is a notewor- thy phenomenon that a clan could have attained such an important cultural position.

  10. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Applications of converted-wave anisotropic prestack time migration in LMD area. Zhang Liyan1, Li AngI, Pei Jiangyun1 and Song Zongpingz. OGP, 2012, 47(5): 683-689 Media anisotropy affects greatly converted- wave imaging for large offset gather. Based on non-hyperbolic NMO equations of converted-wave anisotropy, we propose a simple and practical high precision Gamma (Average velocity ratio of P and S wave) field building method and a structure ve- locity scanning method in this paper. These two methods can obtain accurate Gamma field and con- verted-wave RMS velocity field. Migration travel time can be calculated by anisotropy double square root scattering travel time equation. The applica- tion of the methods on 3D3C data in LMD area,

  11. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    4 Thoughts and Suggestion about Rural Collective Land System Reform YAN Zhiyao (Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China) Abstract: The imperfect rural collective land property right system has caused the difficulties in increasing the income of farmers, surplus migrant workers, laborer shortage, and sharp conflict for land requisition, which has become the biggest bottleneck in the current development and stability. This paper argues that the rural land property rights institution and land requisition system are the core and key for rural economic breakout and the harmonious development of urban and rural economy,

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the main steps of typical QRA through application of QRA to the risk management of petrochemical construction projects. It explores the limitations of QRA method and points out the role of QRA in risk management of construction proje

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    In order to study the state development of fuel-spray in the combustion chamber of TBD620 diesel engine, a spray visualization system was construc-ted by the method of flash photography capturing images of fuel spray at different times. Fuel injection characteris-tics changes were studied by changing the fuel injection pressure and the spray wall-impingement was discovered, which provides a basis of structural optimization for the combustion chamber.

  14. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    DESIGN OF ANTI-LIGHTENING AND GROUNDING SYSTEM FOR COMPRESSOR SHELTER AND LARGE WAREHOUSE IN REFINERY AND PETROCHEMICAL PLANT[1] Wang Zongjing (SINOPEC Engineering Incorporation, Beijing, 100101) Abstract:With the rapid development of national economy, petrochemical industry plays a more and more important role in national economy. Since most of the process medium in various units in refineries and petrochemical plants are flammable and explosive hazardous substances, high requirements are imposed on the reliability, continuity and stability of each link and facility in the production. Most of the compressor shelters and large warehouses, which are the core buildings in refin- ery and petrochemical plant, are closed or semi-open, so that the atmospheric diffusion of explosive gas mixture is restrained and explosion hazard concentration is kept within a certain period of time. In case of ignition, the enormous explosion pressure will result in damage to equipment and buildings. Therefore, the anti-lightening design of compressor shelter and large warehouse is especially important for the anti-lightening security of refineries and petrochemical plants.

  15. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    An Exploration of the Origin of the Yue People in Lingnan (by BAI Bing) Abstract: Investigations into the origin of the Yue people in Lingnan based on reliable archaeological data, literature, and data concerning nationalities, and by means of periodation, backward inference, and paleographic knowledge show that the Maba people living 129,000 years ago were probably the main body of the ~ue people. From their ancient ancestry to the Warring States period, the ~ue people underwent continuous evolution. They were probably aboriginals of local origin. There were continuous exchanges between the various tribes of the Yue people and they incorporated each other. Key words: Lingnan; the Yue people; origin

  16. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    Peace is one of humanity's eternal pursuits; conflict, however, is a part of humandestiny. In the course of pursuing peace, religion, as a major practical form of publicdiplomacy, has played an important role in averting conflicts between differentcivilizations. By upholding the ultimate goal of promoting mutual understanding andtrust between different countries and peoples and world peace, the Charhar Institutehas since its founding actively facilitated a religious peace movement focusing onexchanges between the Buddhists of China and South Korea. Serving as a typicalexample of public diplomacy, this has been an important element of the institute'sactivity, and achieved fruitful results. The integration of public diplomacy and religionhas proved itself to be good for the peace effort sof humanity.

  17. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Power, Space and Inner Structure of Blocks--on Rue Massenet of Shanghai MA Xue - qiang This paper dwells on the formation and change of Rue Massenet in modern Shanghai, and studies Rue Massenet' s history as a road as well as a block. It also investigates the structure of the block and reveals its inner function features. The analysis of Rue Massenet which is regarded as a "sample" of modern block type helps expand and deepen the researches of urban history research.

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Since labor resources are a key factor in economic development, the difference of their allocation efficiency has aggravated the imbalance of China's regional economic development. Based on the formula of per capital GDP, this paper constructs an interpretation model of demographic bonus containing influence factors of human capital and material capital accumulation. Subsequently, using data envelopment analysis model we have measured and decomposed relative efficiency of demographic bonus in each region of China during 2006-2010. We have also accounted for the technical efficiency and scale efficiency by using Tobit model. Empirical analysis shows that the relative efficiency of demographic bonus in the Eastern region is higher than those in the middle and west areas. The technical efficiency is mainly affected by education level, aggregation effect of labor force and its participation rate, with influence radios of 0.0102 and 0.0149. Meanwhile, The scale efficiency is mainly affected by education level, aggregation effect of labor force, industrial environment of capital accumulation and generation effect of material capital, with influence radios of 0.1549, 0.1234 and 0.0371. Finally, this paper puts forward suggestions related to the findings.

  19. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Severe Damage of Absorbing Foreign Capital Must Be Correctly Observed Accelerating Transformation of Economic Development;Lenin Had Never Set Forth a "National Syndicate" Pattern;Talent Allocation for Undertaking Service Outsourcing of China;Preliminary Management for "Urban Disease" during British Industrialization;Comprehensive Review on Review on Risk Management of Sports Tourism in China;

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    COSCO Shipping semi-sub veseis POOL achieving new progress On August 8, 2012, the second member China Zhejiang Xiazhiyuan Ship Management Co., Ltd. joined the semi-submersible vessels POOL created by COSCO Shipping Co., Ltd. (COSCOL) earlier this year. The new member comes after the Guangzhou Salvage Bureau of the Ministry of Communications, who joined the semi-submersible vessels POOL in February. The capacity structure of the COSCO Shipping's semi-submersible vessel POOL can be further optimized in 20000, 30000, 40000 and 50000 DWT and achieved universal coverage, which powerfully promoting the brand of appeal. COSCO Shipping Co., Ltd. owns and operates nearly 100 ships including semi-submersible, heavy lift, multi-purpose, ro-ro/Io-lo, general cargo ships and pure car carriers. Among them, semi-submersible vessels are the leading.P18

  1. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Academic progress and innovation depend on the development and change of researchparadigms. In order to lay a foundation for research based on "Chinese discourse, " scholars inChina must develop their own academic paradigms based on realities of their country. A review ofvillager self-administration research indicates that, the practice of villager self-administration inChina has once again become a focus of its political science, among others. Not only has a "valuesystem" paradigm been created, but also its change into a new one of "form-condition" hascompleted, the process of which is of universal value.

  2. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    THE MAIN SAFETY MEASURES AND VISTA OF THE SUCCESSFUL EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE " THREE HIGH" GAS FIELD IN NORTH-EAST OF SICHUAN PROVINCE[ 1] Peng Guosheng (SINOPEC Safety & Environmental Protection Bureau, Beijing , 100728) Abstract: Based on the special safety risk of "Three High" gas field in north-east of Sichuan province, this paper makes a systematic analysis on the necessity of special supervising and managing measures taken by SINOPEC during exploration and development.

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Practice and experience on key equipment localization for Longtan project Abstract: Longtan Hydropower Station is the second largest hydropower station after Three Gorges in those have put into production in China. Based on the idea of "objective, practical and economic", an exploratory investigation to promote the key equipment localization and the national industry revitalization was conducted. The localization of key equipment such as 700MW hydraulic generating unit, 500kV three-phase composite transformer, 500kV crosslinked polyethylene insulated cable and monitoring system for giant hydropower stations was realized successfully. The experience is using for reference in after hydropower projects.

  4. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The wisdom of practice exists in its conceptual form as an inherent part of man and functions in the process of practice. It coheres as the quality of virtue expressed in value orientation and contains cognitive experience of the world and of man himself. The two permeate man's actual capacities or powers. Aiming at completion of the self and of things, the wisdom of practice integrates theoretical and practical reason and reflects the unity of understandinl~ the world and transforming the world.

  5. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Analyses and Suggestions on Coordinated Regional Development of Insurance Industry in China GUO Jin-long Abstract: Through studies on the coordinated development status between insurance industry and social economy in China from 2005 to 2009, it is found that the coordination between insurance and economy remains slightly imbalanced in most of the provinces and cities in China, with only a few provinces and cities showing low-degree coordination in 2007. As a whole,

  6. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    International Norms, Group Identity and Domestic Institutional Re- form: The Case of China's Entrance to FATF Lie Xinghua Abstract: International norms are the collection of binding rules governing the international community. International norms with high levels of legitimacy result in norm groups. Such norm groups directly affect the space for and effectiveness of behavior. In order to enter a norm group and obtain membership status within the group, states must engage in domestic institu- tional reforms in order to meet standards of admission. In order to enter FATF, China studied the principles of the 40+ 9 Recommendations, and ad- vanced comprehensive domestic reforms to counter money laundering.

  7. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    As the institutional quality audit is being conducted in some pilot provinces,different interpretations of it have occurred,some of which appear to be misleading.This paper is to redefine it in terms of thematic focus,role,value and method to facilitate its implementation.It proposes that the institutional quality audit should keep consistently focused on internal quality assurance,in-volve various stakeholders,enhance its empowerment function and develop itself into a comprehen-sive and systematic approach to continuous quality improvement.

  8. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    STUDY ON THE FEATURES OF DIFFERENT REFLECTION IN TAHE OILFIELD PALEOCAVES RESERVOIR/Jianfeng Wang, Pei Jin, Xinhua, Li et al. Northwest Oilfield Company of SINOPEC, Urumqi, Xinfiang ,830011/Xinfiang ShiYou TianRan Qi ,2011,7 ( 3 ) : 1 - 5 Abstract:In This paper, in the light of Seismic migration section and tectonic analysis data, seismic echo styles of Tahe oilfield paleocaves reservoir in time migration are summed up; different reflection features are classified. In the meantime, the classification criteria of quantizing identification with reservoir seismic echo model is established. With those methods above, the paleocaves reservoirs forecasting degree and well arrangement ratio are improved, the risk of developmental drilling is reduced and efficiency is reduced. The high development efficiency in Ordovician paleocaves reservoir is fulfilled. Key Words : Tahe Oilfield ; Paleocaves Reservoir; Reflection features ; Quantizing identification ; Reservoirs forecasting

  9. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Models of Reduction and Functionalism: Comments on Kim's Reductive Physicalism CHEN Xiaoping (Research Center of System Science and System Management, School of Public Administration, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510006) Abstra

  10. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    4 Introduction of the Methods Generalized from Mineral Exploration HU Kui (Consulting & Research Center Ministry of Land & Resources, Beijing 100035, China) Abstract: This paper focuses on the introduction of prospecting methods generalized from mineral exploration, these include: prospecting in deep part of the deposit based on shallow deposit, and periphery prospecting within the ore district; finding other type ( kind ) of deposit according to this type; lean ore is the base for rich deposit; small rich ore can depends on large lean ore; the dependence of economical mineral resource is uneconomical mineral resource; prospecting mineral deposit on the basis of different minerals; following outcrop mine to find blind ore; and with marks to explore ore.

  11. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Research on the Theory and Standard of Peasants" Life Cycle Pension Compensation Mu Huaizhong Shen Yi· 2 · Thedifficulties of full coverage in pension system lie in rural farmers. In this paper, we put forward a "dual agricultural welfare difference" theory and apply it to the issues regarding peasants' life cycle pension compensation. Taking differential between equilib- rium and biased agricultural incomes as the key indicator, we build mathematical models of "dual agricultural welfare balance" and measure the size from 1953 to 2009. Our finding shows that China's "dual agricultnral welfare difference" has a fluctuation ranged be- tween 0.4 and 0.6. Based on life cycle characteristics, such as natural life cycle, policy and institutional life cycle, our suggestion is to compensate peasants' primary pension with a balance of "dual agriculture welfare difference" and other countermeasures.

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    ( 1 )How does China Appraise the Rising of India Zhao Can-cheng · 1 · Abstract: The rising of India has become an important topic in Chinese Media in the 21st century,and how does China appraise the rising of India is worth discussion. According to the recognition of Chinese official, media and schol- ars on India, this paper discusses the possible impact on China following India's rise and make a prediction on Sino-In- dia relationships. Key Words: China; Appraise ; Rising of India

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Be Independent from Autocracy: a Comparison Between Wang Yuanhua and Gong Zizhen Also on the Depth of Wang Yuanhua's Thinking on the Eve of the Ideological Emancipation Movement Xia Zhongyi In 1977 ,Wang Yuanhua began to appreciate Gong Zizhen, not only because they were similar in temperament, context and situation, but also because Wang Yuanhua had found out the element of personal liberation in Gong zizhen's saying Be Independent from Autocracy, which shows that Wang Yuanhua's realization of the personal value was earlier than Li Zehou ( who established the Subjectivity Outline in a Kant's Way in 1979 ) and Wang Ruoshui (who proposed that personal value is the basis of Marxism in 1981 ) , and Wang Yuanhua's contribution in study Chinese by Chinese experience.

  14. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Shortly after the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, it wasnecessary and in its interest for China to join the socialist camp led by the SovietUnion. In 1954, China proposed the five principles of "peaceful coexistence". Atthe Bandung Conference in 1955, China, India and Myanmar jointly advocated thefive principles as a means of good governance in Asia and the whole world. Earlyin the 21st century, China proposed a new concept of "win-win cooperation" as animportant principle for international relations in the new global era.

  15. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Plato on Political Rhetoric Generally, Plato was regarded as being hostile to rhetoric. However, I will show that in Plato's some important political dialogues he still verifies the significance of rhetoric or persuasion. Then, I list the attacks of Plato on his contemporary rhetoric, which is called in the essay as "politician rhetoric". On the other hand, Plato also articu- lates the characteristics of true rlhetoric, which I name as "dialectical rhetoric. " In order to elaborate "dialectical rhetoric", I take Pericles as an example to show how the dialectic rhetoric could work in the real political world. Finally, I point out that dialectical rhetoric still can give some reflection for today's political rhetoric. It contains the ideal of the good, caring the soul of the audience, speaking the truth, insisting the right thing with reason, etc.

  16. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Revolution of 1911 Promoting the Deep Development of the CPC History and National History by the Research and Publication of the History of the Revolution of …………1911 Zhu Jiamu (4)

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The Relational Capital, the Institutional Environment and the Validity of the Payment by Fiscal Transfers;The Framing of the Clauses of the Company Regulations, the Protection of the Law for the Right of Investors, and the Company Governance: Evidences f

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    How can an ordinary Chinese do better in contributing to national reputationthrough public diplomacy? All they need to do is to tell stories of their own and ofothers' around them in an appropriate way. These stories are from the daily life, theyare real, rich, natural, vivid, lively and easy to understand, but not so rhetoric. They canmove people deeply and improve the image of China and Chinese people successfully.

  19. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Wu Jie and Duan Yanchao. The current line drawing of Laterolog and its application. PI, 2011, 25(4) : 1 - 4 The current line plays an important role in the directly understanding the characteristics of Laterolog tool. A method of drawing current lines for the discrete potential data based on the Finite Element calculation is studied. It solves a series of key problems, including the selection of step length, the identification of direction, treatment of nmtation point and the control of stop. A drawing program is written by MATLAB software. Taking the current line drawing of the dual Laterolog logging as an example, we analyze the tool's investigation characteristics in the several formations such as homogeneous, low or high invasion, and invasion with shoulder. These results verify the effectiveness of the new method. The method can be applied to the other kinds of Laterolog tools to draw their current lines and analyze their investigation characteristics.

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Through-bit-logging (TBL) technology is developed corporately by Shell and Reeves Oil Company. It can replace standard cable logging and logging while drilling technology. It has characteristics of saving cost and convenient operation.The principle is to transmit the logging tool into borehole through drill rod with a special bit. The acquired formation evaluation data are read on surface from the wire line tool or stored in the tool before pulling out the hole.The paper introduces the principle of work, advantages and development trend of TBL, and cases of its application in rough borehole in North Sea fields. Finally development of TBL technology is summarized. Keywords: TBL; logging while drilling wireline logging

  1. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Liu Diren, Xie Weibiao, Yin Qiuli and Zhou Liyan. Study on the Influence of induction logging response on tool eccentricity in horizontal well. Jiang Yiqing, Xu Lin, Wang Jianmin and Du Hui. Simulation of time spectrum by oxygen activation logging.Zhang Jiawei, Song Gongpu, Sai Fang, Xue Zhibo. Design of simulator based on NMR downhole tools.

  2. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Zhang Xionghui, You Chang, Tang Jie, Zhou Qizhi, Xu Feng, Li Ganghan and Ma Yan. Development of a series of logging tool long-time working under high temperature and high pressure condition. PI, 2012,26 (3) : 1-3

  3. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On Chen Xianzhang's Moral Culture Blending Confucianism and Daoism (by ZHANG Yun-- hua) Abstract: Chen Xianzhang, who experienced and witnessed the social changes during the Ming Dynasty, achieved direction change of the scholarship and culture of his time from the rationalistic attitude to the idealistic philosophy through shattering the fetters and bold innovation in order to redeem people's spirit, save society, and rebuild the moral subject philosophy. Chen's elaboration of life and death, suffering and happiness, fame and gain, and retreat and withdrawal in this cultural shift reveals the characteristics of his moral culture blending Confucianism and Daoisrn. Key words: Chen Xianzhang; life and death; suffering and happiness; fame; gain; retreat

  4. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    1.Changes Come from Turmoils, Hopes Reside in Stagnancy,by Zhu Feng a professor at the Schobl ofInternational t/elations, t'eklng University, anu a member oi ecutorlai Doaro oi Peaceand Development and a gust researcher of CDPS. In 2011, "the Arab Spring" changed the geopolitical ecology of the Middle East and North Africa. The U.S. stepped up readjustment to its global strategy with a high-sounding voice proclaimed its "return to Asia Pacific". A great surge was felt in the political trend of thoughts in the world, and the world was still faced with various terrorist threats.

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Fold distribution, offset distribution and azi- muth distribution in a bin have direct effects on ge- ometry attributes in 3D seismic survey design. If two adjacent bins have the same fold but different offsets, this non-uniform offset distribution brings some stack amplitude diversity in the adjacent bins. At present, 3D geometry attribute uniformi- ty of the most analytical methods is expressed by qualitative analysis chart. We introduce in this pa- per a uniformity quantitative analysis method for offset distribution by average value, square devia- tion and weighting factor. The paper analyses effects on offset distribution uniformity of different 3D geometry parameters by the proposed uniformi- ty quantitative analysis method. Furthermore, the paper analyses effects on seismic stack amplitude or frequency uniformity of different 3D geometry parameters by the seismic wave modeling. The re- suits show that offset distribution uniformity is in good agreement with seismic stack amplitude or frequency uniformity. Therefore this improved method can be considered as a useful tool for ana- lyzing and evaluating 3D geometry attribute uni- formity.

  6. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    1.APPLICATION OF VSP TECHNOLOGY OF GREAT WALL DRILLING COMPANY IN OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION ABROAD/Du Xudong., Huang Daqin, Zhao Qihui.2011 (6)8-13 ( Interpretation Research Center of Great Wall Drilling Engineering Company ) Development and perfection of VSP technology have close relationship with the requirements of production. The paper presents 6 aspects of application about VSP technology in oil and gas exploration abroad: lproviding high-precision interpretation result----high-precision time-depth;

  7. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Overview of the development of the hybrid locomotive at home and abroad TIAN Rui, KANG Yi-nan (Dalian Locomotive Research Institute Co., Ltd., Dalian 116021, China ) Abstract: This paper analyzes the structure principle and classification feature of hybrid locomotive from the perspective of energy saving and emission reduction, discussing the key technology and summarizing its development and application at home and abroad. On this basis, the development prospect and problems to be solved of hybrid locomotive are analyzed. Key words: hybrid locomotive; principle; classification; application; prospect

  8. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Development and Application of Three-stage and Four-layer Fluorine Removal Technology for Purification of Smelting Flue Gas Removal of fluorine from fluorine-containing smelting gas during the sulphurie acid production provides effective protection for the equipment in the system, and it is al~ a necessary measure to maintain normal prodluetion. For the equipment features and resource conditions in a sulphuric acid plant, the concept of three-stage and four layer fluorine removal is proposed, and the purification technology for fluorine removal is developed through optimization of the process design. Practice has shown that by utilizing the three-stage and four-layer fluorine removal technology, it offers advantages like higher efficiency of fluorine removal, shorter process flow, less equipment investment, easier operation, and offers certain value for promotion.

  9. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Mao Zedong' s "Three World Theory" underwent three stages of development: the "One Intermediate Zone" thought, the embryonic form of the theory, was put forward in the 1940s-50s; the "Two Intermediate Zones" thought, taking shape in the 1960s, was the rudimentary form; and the early 1970s witnessed the perfection of the theory. Mao Zedong developed the "Three World Theory" with sovereignty and national interests as the logical starting point, the theory of unity of opposites as the philosophical foundation, the Cold War as the historical background, and fighting against hegemonism as the major diplomatic strategy.

  10. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China gradually got rid of foreign controls and finally became one of Great Powers from the "Sick man of East Asia" during the Republican era. During this period, intellectuals played significant roles both from the perspective of knowledge building and from the practical perspective. With respect to knowledge building, intellectuals initiatively introduced western knowledge and constructed a new knowledge framework about international relations based on the Chinese tradition in order to counter the shock of external knowledge and reduce the frustration from the collapse of Tributary System, which made China deal with the New world with much more self-confidence. The progress on knowledge building also provide theoretical foundation of foreign attitude and shape the Chinese, especially the elites' perceptions towards international affairs. Meanwhile, intellectuals attempted to deliver Chinese voices through diverse international platforms,

  11. Abstract

    OpenAIRE

    Kucrová, Veronika

    2011-01-01

    My thesis deals with the legal aspects of counterfeit trademarks, the competence of Customs Administration in the control of intellectual property rights, labor courts and CTI. My work describe the basic concepts and legal rules governing intellectual property rights. All rights and duties, regulations, agreements and treaties in the field of legal protection designation.

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Balance and Loss of Balance in Human Rights Law;The Socialist Legal System with Chinese Characteristics: Its Structure, Features and Trends;Historical Materialism and Contemporary Socio-historical Reality;Rousseau, Kant and Marx in the Lineage of "Moral P

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On Law Theory of Public Interest : An Analysis Based on the Need Spill Theory;The Theory of the Nature of Harming Society : Its Fate in Contemporary China;Criminal Law Fiction : An Analysis of Its Function and Application Rules;How to Define Illegal Financing : A Critique of Legal Interpretation of Illegal Financing by Supreme Court;

  14. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Representation or Construction? An Interpretation of Quantum Field Theory Abstract: In this essay, I argue that the basic entities in the causality organized hierarchy of entities that quantum field theory describes are not particles but fields. Then I

  15. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Look in the Mirror of Personality Left by Liang Qichao The New Preface to His Reflecting Moral This article is my new foreword of Reflecting Moral, which had been edited and written by Liang Qichao in 1905, and has just been recommended as one of the moral readers of Tsinghua Academy of Chinese Learning. I point that the exhortation of our univer- sity proposed by Liang Qichao has its original determination in his mind himself, which had already been compiled in Reflecting Moral more than a century ago.

  16. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    "Strategic communication" refers to practices involving the widespreaddissemination of information as well as contact activities for the purpose of nationalstrategic interest and objectives. Though people currently do not have a clearcomprehension of its definition, they are deepening their understanding. There is stillroom for its development in terms of theoretical research and practice. We shouldactively carry out research on mechanism building, communication targets and strategiccommunication content in order to serve our national strategies.

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Energy transformation is the only way of the transformation of the world economy Describing and explaining from different view of the world from the angle of political, economic, cultural and environmental development, the presentation of the transformation, change, adjustment, conversion and a series of concept reflects that the current world situation is undergoing profound changes, multi-polarization and globalization. The global problems such as financial crisis, recession, climate change, energy transformation and the environment change,

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    A Discussion on Theme Slogan and Logo of Tourism Image Beautiful Hubei also on Hubei Tourist Attractions and Branding :Cao Shitu Han Guowei (2) Abstract: The paper analyzes the deficiencies of the existing theme slogan and logo of tounsm, image Beaufil Hube by using the methodology of tourism image-building, and then puts forward new theme slogan and logo Magnincent Huoei Door to Magical Landscape and Romantic Culture"as well as the idea of b uildingtouri"brand "Magical and Romantic Tour".

  19. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The paper summarized the status of foreign mud log- ging technology from geological logging, engineering logging and mud logging informalization and put forward the future development direction of mud logging technique. The abroad geological logging focuses on micro-nalysis, in which the cutting CT scan, laser element analysis and field gamma scan are used as important means of setting up the geological profiles.

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Judicature, Public Opinion, and Politics at An Age of Disordered Legal World View :A Study Centered on the Case of Li Changkui The Case of L/Changkui represents a kind of simple "hard case", in which whatever the judge made a de- cision, result of the case failed to gain good social and legal effects, and the causation, however, rested on the internal system of judicature. The Case of Li reflects an age at which legal world view is deficient in coherence and integration. Although it's not an exclusive problem for China that judicature, public opinion and politics in- teract complicatedly, and the society shows distustt upon the criminal justice system, it reveals that, in the case of Li, some judicial personnel and academics hold an uni-dimensional and prejudiced understanding on the credi- bility, legitimacy and stability of judicature.

  1. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Another Cost of Rights : State Identification and Its Western Experience OU Shujun The Western Experience of State Identification shows that identification is another cost of rights, a prerequisite for constructing the rule of law and good governance. Identification is the most infrastructural public goods that should be supplied by the government, and its publicness comes through in that it almost is a precondition for all state institutions, so it can be called the most infrastructural power of national governance system. In the fourfold-building process of one country under the rule of law, a state rule by law, a tax state, a welfare state and a regulatory state, a modem state increasingly needs to enhance the state identification capacity, so that the majority can be involved in the state identification system, which in turn will accelerate the process of state-building, make law and policies more effective, minimize the intermediate cost of communication between states and individuals, and eventually realize good governance by focusing on the expectations of the majority and serving for the majority. The people seeking a strong democratic country under the rule of law must face up to the fact that identification as a kind of govemmentality has been institutiona/ized and routinized in advanced indnstrial democracies.

  2. ABSTRACT

    OpenAIRE

    ÇELİK, Hilal

    2013-01-01

    Discourse analysis takes its place within a larger body of social and cultural researchthat is concerned with the production of meaning through talk and texts. In this study generalprinciples of discourse analysis and how discourse analysis is used in qualitative research arementioned. Theoretical background of discourse analysis based on different fields in socialsciences such as sociology, politic, linguistic, media, psychology, etc... Each of them usediscourse analysis according to their o...

  3. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Philosophical Analysis of the Essential Characteristics of Transgenic Technology: Based on the Comparative Studies of Different Breeding Ways (p.1);Public Recognition of the Issue of Technology Ethics of GM Corn in Contemporary China (p.7);Uncertainty of Commercializing GM Crops in China (p.13);Analysis of the Public's Perception of and Attitude to GM Rice and Guidance to Their Behavior: Based on the Data from Social Survey in Hubei Province (p.18)

  4. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    China's roles in the rice cultivation culture in the world---the inventor of artificial cultivation of rice; Zhuang nationality's roles in the artificial cultivation of rice in China--the earliest inventor of artificial cultivation of rice; Longan County's roles in the rice cultivation culture of Zhuang nationality---the most concentrated and most splendid exhibition place and the biggest highlight for the rice cultivation culture of Zhuang nationality. Key words: Longan County; rice cultivation culture; biggest highlight

  5. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Subject of Research, Methodology and Research Paradigm of ‘Das Kapital'; ‘Das Kapital' and the Scientific View of Marx on Wealth;The Way of Capitalism in the Background of Global Financial Crisis;

  6. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Characteristics of Modern Tianjin Salt Merchants Culture As a new commercial culture in modern China, Tianjin salt merchants culture has its own different characteristics, such as luxury consumption culture, political culture, religious scholar culture and moral culture. In these cultures behind embodies the Salter group's behavior pattern and psychological structure.

  7. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    4The Current Trends in Global Mineral Exploration and Development LIU Shucken (Information Center of Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China) Abstract: This paper introduces the main issues that the global mineral exploration and development are faced with. The main issues of focus include: the mineral exploration has rapidly recovered from the short depression caused by the effects of global financial crisis; most of the important mineral reserves have continued to grow; there has been continued rapid growth in mining development investment; the supply capacity of mineral products has increased; mergers and acquisitions of mining company are stirring, and multinational mergers & acquisitions has become mainstream,

  8. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    CARBONIFEROUS- PERMIAN PETROLEUM GEOLOGY AND EXPLORATION DIRECTION OF TIAOHU DEPRESSION IN SANTANGHU BASIN;THE APPLICATION OF S- WAVE PARAMETERS BUILDING TECHNOLOGY IN THE LITHOLOGIC RESERVOIRS EXPLORATION;THE IDENTIFICATION TECHNOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATION FOR LITHOLOGY OF NIUDONG VOLCANIC RESERVOIR;CAUSES OF PERMIAN DENSE CONGLOMERATE RESERVOIR AND FAVORABLE BLOCK PREDICTION IN ZHONG GUAI BULGE;

  9. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Research on the Necessity of Building Intercity Transit System within Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Metropolitan Huang Weili 4 To plan and build intercity transit network within Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan metropolitan will not only meet the rapidly increasing demand for passenger transport service and promoting the integration and urbanization of the metropolitan, but is also the necessary measures to build energy-saving and environmental-friendly society, and realize sustainable development.

  10. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Critique of Contemporary Anti-Marxism Ideologies --Based on Thoughts of the "Four Major Boundaries";The Conflict on Public Ownership: A Comparison between the Socialist Market Economic Theory and the Theory of Market Socialism of British Labour Party;On The Germination of Marxist Theory of Property;Aesthetic Transformation of Mass Media for Socialist Core Value System;

  11. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Current Situation and Prospect of Urban Transit Development in Mainland China The paper reviews the development of urban transit construction, networking operation and diversified technology systems in mainland China during the last 40 years. The paper also presents the short-term planning of urban transit in mainland China and the solutions for financing, construction period and operational cost etc.

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Ma Xiwu' s trial mode is a model of adjudication in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region, resulting from the joint forces of the border region' s specific wartime environment, local environment, the border region' s social transformation and judicial reform as well as many other factors.

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Chinese foreign trade enterprises enter the crucial period of transformation and upgrade The global economy is likely into a long-term downturn and recovery is difficult. For a long time, the foreign trade development environment is difficult to be improved obviously. Many negative factors are overlaid and will bring the foreign trade greater challenge. Impacted by the dual factors of intemational market fluctuation, domestic economic environment tightening,

  14. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the Logic of Heart and the Intuitive Approach: An Outline of Modern Idealism Linked Chinese and Western Philosophical Ideas,A Reflection and Analogical Interpretation of Active Justice,Channel of the Effectiveness of Public Policy in the Perspective of Social Equality: A Theoretical Analysis of the Efficacy of Public Policy

  15. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@CONCURRENT SESSION: FOOD AND WATERBORNE DISEASES      Chair  Prof. Liu Xiu-mei, Institute of Nutrition and Food Hygiene (CAPM), China   Co-chair   Dr. Jorgen Schlundt, World Health Organization, Switzerland   1530-1545 hrs Emerging Foodborne Disearse: An Evolving Public Health Challenge   Robert Baldwin, Center for Disease Control, USA   1545-1600 hrs Food Poisoning Typicality in Food Safety Vulnerable Area of Indonesia   Adil Basuki Abza, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia   1600-1615 hrs The Management of Food Poisoning in China   Li Tai-ran, Institute of Food Safety Control and Inspection, Ministry of Health, China   1615-1630 hrs Detection of Campylobacter Species Using a Fluorogenic Real-Time PCR Detection System   Hai-yan Wang, Bureau of Microbial Hazards, Health Canada, Canada   1630-1645 hrs An Overview on Bongkrekic Acid Food Poisoning   Liu Xiu-mei, Institute of Nutrition and Food Hygiene (CAPM), China   1645-1700 hrs Screening Procedure from Cattle Feces and the Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in Taiwan Dairy Cattle   Chin-Cheng Chou, Taiwan University, Taibei, China

  16. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    As a representative kind of "new diplomacy", the Silk Road Economic Beltand 21st Century Maritime Initiatives have aroused different responses at homeand abroad. They are important initiatives about co-building the Belt and Road,and give full play to China's strengths in the era of globalization. It is an importantopportunity to promote public diplomacy. The crux of the Initiatives lies in ourefforts in enhancing the awareness of cooperation, strengthening investigation andresearch, promoting mutual understanding, highlighting advantages and shunningdisadvantages for mutual benefit and win-win results through responding to theneeds of all parties.

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Summary of Construction of a Hz S-based Sulphuric Acid Unit for a Large-sized Synthetic Ammonia Plant/Development and Application of New Process for Yellow Phosphorus Filtration during Yellow Phosphorus Production/Review of the Low-temperature Heat Recovery System of 250 kt/a Sulpharic Acid Plant of Shandong Bofeng/Technology for Combined Production in Compound Phosphate Fertilizer Plant of SHCCIG/Practice of Fouling Removal with Sulphuric Acid in the Cooling Water System of 400 kt/aSulfuric Acid Plant Based on Sulphur Burning/Production of Nitro-compound Fertilizer with Nitric Acid and Sulphuric Acid Method/Application of Tantalum Heat Exchanger and Glass Equipment in Spent Sulphuric Acid Concentration

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Case Studies of The New Young Man at Ministry of Organization's Editing Li Pin The editing of The New Young Man at Ministry of Organization wins its fame in the modern history of Chinese editing and pub- lishing for its conscious intensification of anti-bureaucracy theme, and its embodiment of the editing pursuit of Qin Zhaoyang, Peo- ple's Literature's executive editor-in-chief. After Mao Zedong's proposal of public criticism, China Writers Association persisted in editing reason, discussed related theoretical and practical problems in the form of panel, and brought forward the title of unknown heroes for editors, which means a milestone in the modern history of Chinese editing principles.

  19. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    When discussing the maturation of Chinese sociology, one has to reconsider the relationsbetween Western sociology and Chinese sociology and distinguish the flows from their sources ifone wants to find a way forward for Chinese sociology. Chinese sociology should view theresources of homegrown sociological tradition as a "source, " which is represented by "qunxue"(literally the study of groups).

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    A bus line inquiry algorithm based on set theory is proposed,and the design flow of transfer algorithm is presented. A plan for improving the efficiency of the inquiry algorithm is put forward. The bus line inquiry algorithm is simple and effective, and it can help user select optimal bus line.

  1. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Discussion on the Training Model of Training the Nursing Humanistic Quality by Employing the College English Teaching Li Hongfeng (Nursing College of Zhengzhou University, Zhenghou, Herman, 450052) Read and Write Periodica,vol.8, No.11,27,2011(ISSN1672-1578,in,Chinese) Abstract: The college English, as one of the most important public humanities courses in the curriculum system of collegiate nursing education, its teaching has positive orientation of human values and strong function in humanistic quality education.

  2. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    (1) The Narrative Structure and Mode of Realization of Marx's Theory of Human Emancipation Liu Tongfang Understanding the inherent logic of the ideas in the classic Marxist texts and revealing the narrative structure and mode of realization of Marx's theory of human emancipation is an important intellectual approach to the extension of Marxist theoretical research. As a scientific theory of the history of society, the narrative structure of human emancipation involves three aspects: historical materialism, multi-dimensional forms of emancipation, and communist movements. It offers a comprehensive analysis of the basic way of perceiving human society, the fundamental path to human emancipation and the ultimate aim of the evolution of social forms. It reflects the thorough-going revolutionary nature of Marx's theory of human emancipation and its close relationship with the real life of society. It would thus be academically significant to reflect on Western Marxism, Soviet-type socialism and the socialist road with Chinese characteristics from the viewpoint of the narrative structure of Marx's theory of human emancipation, so as to extend the Marxist theory of human emancipation and explore its specific mode of realization

  3. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Scientific Culture and Cultural Science (p.1) Today science advances at an astonishingly high speed, and driven by the ideological and industrial revolutions, it even becomes a dominant culture in the society and is respected as the supreme authority. However, the scientific culture, which plays the leading role in the industrial civilization, turns out to be more and more alienated from culture and humanity, resulting in the so-called cultural confusions and loss of humanity. This article, investigating the phenomenon deeply, argues that science has no privileged position over the other cultural traditions, and suggests that science identify itself as a member equal with the other cultural patterns in the society in order to restore its cultural connotations. It is believed that by establishing the cultural science, we can bring culture and humanity back to science.

  4. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    South Korea's strategy and the economic and trade relations with China South Korea in a relatively short period of time has obtained the economic fast boom, creating "the Han River Miracle" remarkably. Due to the typical export-oriented economy, the South Korea is very sensitive to the international situation.

  5. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Changing the Means of Structural Adjustment for Transformation of Development Pattern SONG Ze Abstract: History of China's reform and opening up has proven that government-led industrial structural adjustment is unsuccessful. Facing the new situation and economic development tasks, new ideas of industrial restructuring should be clearly put forward that the government will create conditions to adjust the structure by the market. During the Twelve-Five Years, the most priority should be how to reform the way how to change the structural adjustment. If the "structural adjustment" approach, especially in the manufacturing sector can not be changed, many goals on economic transition are likely to fall again. Under the circumstance it is necessary to accelerate the development of a unified, open and orderly modern market system, and effectively implement the market-pushed industrial restructuring approach, and strengthen the intermediary function of finance and inner trade and create good policy environment conducive to promoting the services sector in the process of structural adjustment and industrial upgrading. Key Words:industrial structure; adjustment approach

  6. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Probe into The Production of Songhua Inkstone in Kangxi period and His Bestowing Them upon His Subjects;A Study of Kiln-Firing Production for Construction of Beijing in The Ming Dynasty: Focus on The Changes of Kiln Sites, Product Structure and Manufacture System of Supplies;More on The Design of The Large Timbers in The Structure of Daxiong Dian(Hall) of Fengguo Temple of Yi County with The Enlightenment from The Latest Research Available;

  7. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Function Ascriptions of Technical Artifacts (p.1) CHEN Fan, XU Jia (Research Center for Philosophy of Science and Technology, Northeastern University, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110004) Abstract: The function of technical artifacts is mind dependent. It is an ontologicaUy subjective entity and an epistemologically objective judgment. Function ascription is a general form of technical function in the epistemological sense. Function ascriptions may be taken in a descriptive and in a performative sense. The former can be called function ascriptions for short and the latter function assignments. The mind dependency of the function of technical artifacts is grounded in performative function ascriptions instead of descriptive function ascriptions. Key Words: Function ascriptions; Descriptive function ascriptions; Performative function ascriptions; Function assignments

  8. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Mud logging subject and its speciality construction is an important practical issue in the field of mud logging engineering and accurately positioning mud logging subject and reasonably setting mud logging speciality have an important significance for promoting and guiding the rapid development of mud logging technology.

  9. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The establishment of spectroscopy logging theory and application prospects. Zhu Genqing. Mud Logging Engineering, 2011,22(3) :2-6,28 Based on a lot of research and years' practice and set ting out from the purpose of enriching the basic theory of mud logging technology, the author described several spectroscopic methods and theories commonly used in mud logging technology and explored the concept of the spectroscopy logging and the views to establish mud logging theory svstem.

  10. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Establishment and Distribution of the Police Stations in the Public Concessions in Modern Shanghai -Also on the Substitution Index of the Expansion of City Space WU Heng By analyzing relevant materials, this paper finds that the total number of police stations and the population is closely related to each other and regards it as the substitution index of city expansion. The author thinks that the urbanization of the public concessions can be divided into three phases, while this process is not in synchronization with the expansion of the land expansion of public concessions.

  11. Abstract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tafdrup, Oliver

    2013-01-01

    Udgivet som en del af Tidskrifts specialudgivelse om Adorno. http://tidskrift.dk/data/50/Aforismesamling.pdf......Udgivet som en del af Tidskrifts specialudgivelse om Adorno. http://tidskrift.dk/data/50/Aforismesamling.pdf...

  12. Abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Newton Carneiro Affonso da Costa Junior

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study has the objective of verifying if simultaneous investments in several international stock markets are more attractive than in only one national stock market, in other words, if the first ones present a superior risk-return relationship. It can be admitted that if there is a total integration among the analyzed countries, there is little advantage in the international diversification, but if the countries are less integrated, the diversification would bring advantages in risk-return terms. The empirical work is based on Markowitz portfolio theory, CAPM and in the portfolio performance measures of Sharpe, Treynor, and Jensen. The analysis was made for the period of February 1993 to January 2003, based in the most liquid stocks negotiated in the stock market of the main countries of Latin America. The results showed that portfolio diversification in international markets is a better approach.

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Large-scale hydropower units excitation transformer design characteristics and insulation mode choice,CFD analysis and upgrading of bulb tubular turbine runner,Technical reform and operation analysis of 500 kV bus protection in Ertan Hydropower Plant

  14. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The flue gas flow in entrance of electrostatic precipitator was simulated by Fluent software. Base on the simulation result, a new corona wires arrangement method was proposed for better gas flow distribution. The results indicated that when the corona wires in entrance of two adjacent flues arranged in parallel, the high speed ion airflow occurred in strong electric field would hamper the even distribution of flow, while when the corona wires was staggered arranged, it would benefit to the even distribution of gas flow in precipitator and further improve the dust removal efficiency. This result can provide very important guidance to the transformation and the design of electrostatic precipitator.

  15. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Type-selection design of axle box bearing for high-speed passenger car bogie LIANG Yun, XIA Chun-jing (Changchun Railway Vehicle Co., Ltd., Chang- chun 130062, China) Abstract: This paper elaborates type-selection analysis of axle box bearings for high-speed passenger ear bogie and introduces the main influence factors of type- selection and life calculation of bearings.

  16. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Comment on "State-owned Economy Retreating from Competitive Field";Analysis of Real Effects of State-owned Enterprise Discussing with Research Group of Tianze Institute of Economics;Treating the Nature of Social Labor with a Developing and Opening Sight And Basic Principles to Judge the Nature of Social Labour

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The present situation and development countermeasures of Chinese mud logging operations. Liu Yingzhong, Li Yichao and Liu Zhenjiang. Mud Logging Engineering, 2012, 23 (2):1-7 From mud logging data interpretation and evaluation, acquisition, data processing, equipment, software and mud logging information etc. , the authors summarized the development status of Chinese mud logging techniques, and the contributions that mud logging technology made in speeding up drilling, regional geological research, well location optimization etc. with timely detection and accurate evaluation of oil, gas and water layers, a comprehensive analysis was made to the challenges faced by mud logging technology in aspects of the complex hydrocarbon reservoirs evaluation,

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    STUDY ON THE NATURAL GAS ACCUMULATION IN LOW RELIEF STRUCTURE RESERVOIR AT MIDDLE PORTION OF CHARZHOU STEPS IN AMUDARY BASIN Abstract: This paper focuses on the Hydrocarbon accumulation in low relief structure based on the comprehensive studies of seismic data, regional stratum, sedimentary facies, abundance of hydrocarbon and the character of petroleum geology of the Karakul territory in Chardjou step of Amudarya Basin. A reservoir geological model was established and the Potential zones of oil and gas accumulation were recommended by means of analysis well data, seismic data and three existing low relief gas deposits in the Karakul.

  19. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Introduction of Western Learning to the East and the Sinicization of Marxist Philosophy The introduction of western learning to the east objectively promoted the dissemination of Marxist philosophy in China, forming an important historical prerequisite for the sinicization of Marxist philosophy. Moreover, it also triggered a great transformation in the historical development of Chinese philosophy and facilitated its transition from ancient to early modern traditions, thereby establishing through sinicization a link between Marxist philosophy, which originated in the western philosophical tradition, and the Chinese tradition of philosophy, and rendering Marxist philosophy Chinese. This offered the possibility that sinicized Marxist philosophy would play a positive guiding role in the development of modern Chinese philosophy. Therefore, we may say that without the introduction of western learning to the east, there would be no sinicization of Marxist Ichilosophy; and without in-depth research on the relationship between the introduction of western learning to the east and the sinicization of Marxist philosophy, there would be no real understanding of the sinicization of Marxist philosophy. However, the close links between the sinicization of Marxist philosophy and the introduction of western learning do not indicate that the sinicization of Marxist philosophy is part of the history of the introduction of western learning to the east. The sinicization of Marxist philosophy does not itself belong to the category of the spread of western learning to the east. This is because Marxist philosophy is essentially different from all other commonly known western sciences; its sinicization differs from the eastward spread of western learning in terms of its goals, social nature, results and effects on society.

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Practice and Discussion to Achieve p( SO2 ) ≤400 mg/m3 in Tailgas Emitted from Sulphuric Acid Plant Using New AS Series Catalyst;Progress and Prospect for Application of Lithium Iron Phosphate Modification Technology in China;Technological Progress in Wet-process Phosphoric Acid Concentration Plant of China;

  1. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Conbating Poverty and Inequality: Structural Change, Social Policy and Politics United Nations Research Institute for Social Development As UNRISD's latest reflection upon poverty alleviation and inequality, this report advocates an approach that pu

  2. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The modem transition of philosophy is the transition of world metaphysics to conscious metaphysics therefore the aprioristic philosophy exploring the consciousness has taken place which experienced the three progressing periods from Descartes to Kant to Edmund Husserl: Descartes tried to prove that consciousness was the unique and stable starting point of understanding all problems, and Kant tried to prove that consciousness had the ability to build up effec- tive knowledge as well as had the ability to guide the right behavior, while Edmund Husserl tried to prove that conscious- ness had the overall object, which relatively equal to had its own word. Through these three great and difficult periods of efforts, aprioristic conscious philosophy has completed the proving of the arguments of I think and thinking, nevertheless, the arguments did not reach to the level of laying the foundation, therefore they did not interpret the world correctly.

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Discussion on Geological Exploration Culture and Core Value System of Geological Exploration Industry PENG Qiming(Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China) Abstract: Since the convening of the Sixth Plenary Session of the Sixth Central Committee of the CPC, the function of soft power of culture construction has been attracted widespread attention. For geological industry, an important factor which restricts the development of this industry is the culture of geological prospecting, while the key point is to establish the core value system of geological exploration industry. This paper introduces the role of the core value system of geological exploration industry, these include: guiding the direction and trace of industry development; gathering strength and forming resultant force; setting up the confidence and determination of inspiration; and establishing professional and ethical standards and behaviors. This paper offers some specific methods required for developing the advanced culture of geological industry,

  4. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    4 Thoughts on Several Issues with respect to Geological Prospecting Work Peng Qiming (Department of Geological Exploration, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China) Abstract: This paper first analyses some issues concerning geological prospecting work, such as: the understanding of the connotation of geological prospecting new mechanism; how to play the role of public geological work in strengthening basis properly; reform and development of geological prospecting units; and the issue of the quality descent of geological exploration. It goes on to argue that the core of the new mechanism of geological prospecting includes: social capital is the main part in mineral exploration market;

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    4 Carrying on the Past and Forge Ahead into the Future for New Contributions to the Cause of Geology and Mineral Resource Development in New Period ——Speech at the Celebration Meeting of 30^th Anniversary of China Society of Geology and Mineral Resource Economics

  6. New Features in the ADS Abstract Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichhorn, G.; Accomazzi, A.; Grant, C. S.; Kurtz, M. J.; ReyBacaicoa, V.; Murray, S. S.

    2001-11-01

    The ADS Abstract Service contains over 2.3 million references in four databases: Astronomy/Astrophysics/Planetary Sciences, Instrumentation, Physics/Geophysics, and Preprints. We provide abstracts and articles free to the astronomical community for all major and many smaller astronomy journals, PhD theses, conference proceedings, and technical reports. These four databases can be queried either separately of jointly. The ADS also has scanned 1.3 million pages in 180,000 articles in the ADS Article Service. This literature archive contains all major Astronomy journals and many smaller journals, as well as conference proceedings, including the abstract books from all the LPSCs back to volume 2. A new feature gives our users the ability to see list of articles that were also read by the readers of a given article. This is a powerful tool to find out what current articles are relevant in a particular field of study. We have recently expanded the citation and reference query capabilities. It allows our users to select papers for which they want to see references or citations and then retrieve these citations/references. Another new capability is the ability to sort a list of articles by their citation count. As usual, users should be reminded that the citations in ADS are incomplete because we do not obtain reference lists from all publishers. In addition, we cannot match all references (e.g. in press, private communications, author errors, some conference papers, etc.). Anyone using the citations for analysis of publishing records should keep this in mind. More work on expanding the citation and reference features is planned over the next year. ADS Home Page http://ads.harvard.edu/

  7. Professional Microsoft search fast search, Sharepoint search, and search server

    CERN Document Server

    Bennett, Mark; Kehoe, Miles; Voskresenskaya, Natalya

    2010-01-01

    Use Microsoft's latest search-based technology-FAST search-to plan, customize, and deploy your search solutionFAST is Microsoft's latest intelligent search-based technology that boasts robustness and an ability to integrate business intelligence with Search. This in-depth guide provides you with advanced coverage on FAST search and shows you how to use it to plan, customize, and deploy your search solution, with an emphasis on SharePoint 2010 and Internet-based search solutions.With a particular appeal for anyone responsible for implementing and managing enterprise search, this book presents t

  8. Searching low and high

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Keld; Salter, Ammon

    2003-01-01

    AbstractThis paper examines the factors that influence whether firms draw from universities in theirinnovative activities. The link between the universities and industrial innovation, and the role ofdifferent search strategies in influencing the propensity of firms to use universities is explored...

  9. PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Editorial developments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    We are delighted to announce that from January 2009, Professor Murray T Batchelor of the Australian National University, Canberra will be the new Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. Murray Batchelor has been Editor of the Mathematical Physics section of the journal since 2007. Prior to this, he served as a Board Member and an Advisory Panel member for the journal. His primary area of research is the statistical mechanics of exactly solved models. He holds a joint appointment in mathematics and physics and has held visiting positions at the Universities of Leiden, Amsterdam, Oxford and Tokyo. We very much look forward to working with Murray to continue to improve the journal's quality and interest to the readership. We would like to thank our outgoing Editor-in-Chief, Professor Carl M Bender. Carl has done a magnificent job as Editor-in-Chief and has worked tirelessly to improve the journal over the last five years. Carl has been instrumental in designing and implementing strategies that have enhanced the quality of papers published and service provided by Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. Notably, under his tenure, we have introduced the Fast Track Communications (FTC) section to the journal. This section provides a venue for outstanding short papers that report new and timely developments in mathematical and theoretical physics and offers accelerated publication and high visibility for our authors. During the last five years, we have raised the quality threshold for acceptance in the journal and now reject over 60% of submissions. As a result, papers published in Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical are amongst the best in the field. We have also maintained and improved on our excellent receipt-to-first-decision times, which now average less than 50 days for papers. We have recently announced another innovation; the Journal of Physics A Best Paper Prize. These prizes will honour excellent papers

  10. A descriptive analysis of a representative sample of pediatric randomized controlled trials published in 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomson Denise

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Randomized controlled trials (RCTs are the gold standard for trials assessing the effects of therapeutic interventions; therefore it is important to understand how they are conducted. Our objectives were to provide an overview of a representative sample of pediatric RCTs published in 2007 and assess the validity of their results. Methods We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials using a pediatric filter and randomly selected 300 RCTs published in 2007. We extracted data on trial characteristics; outcomes; methodological quality; reporting; and registration and protocol characteristics. Trial registration and protocol availability were determined for each study based on the publication, an Internet search and an author survey. Results Most studies (83% were efficacy trials, 40% evaluated drugs, and 30% were placebo-controlled. Primary outcomes were specified in 41%; 43% reported on adverse events. At least one statistically significant outcome was reported in 77% of trials; 63% favored the treatment group. Trial registration was declared in 12% of publications and 23% were found through an Internet search. Risk of bias (ROB was high in 59% of trials, unclear in 33%, and low in 8%. Registered trials were more likely to have low ROB than non-registered trials (16% vs. 5%; p = 0.008. Effect sizes tended to be larger for trials at high vs. low ROB (0.28, 95% CI 0.21,0.35 vs. 0.16, 95% CI 0.07,0.25. Among survey respondents (50% response rate, the most common reason for trial registration was a publication requirement and for non-registration, a lack of familiarity with the process. Conclusions More than half of this random sample of pediatric RCTs published in 2007 was at high ROB and three quarters of trials were not registered. There is an urgent need to improve the design, conduct, and reporting of child health research.

  11. Newborn infants perceive abstract numbers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izard, Véronique; Sann, Coralie; Spelke, Elizabeth S; Streri, Arlette

    2009-06-23

    Although infants and animals respond to the approximate number of elements in visual, auditory, and tactile arrays, only human children and adults have been shown to possess abstract numerical representations that apply to entities of all kinds (e.g., 7 samurai, seas, or sins). Do abstract numerical concepts depend on language or culture, or do they form a part of humans' innate, core knowledge? Here we show that newborn infants spontaneously associate stationary, visual-spatial arrays of 4-18 objects with auditory sequences of events on the basis of number. Their performance provides evidence for abstract numerical representations at the start of postnatal experience.

  12. A book of abstract algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Pinter, Charles C

    2009-01-01

    Accessible but rigorous, this outstanding text encompasses all of the topics covered by a typical course in elementary abstract algebra. Its easy-to-read treatment offers an intuitive approach, featuring informal discussions followed by thematically arranged exercises. Intended for undergraduate courses in abstract algebra, it is suitable for junior- and senior-level math majors and future math teachers. This second edition features additional exercises to improve student familiarity with applications. An introductory chapter traces concepts of abstract algebra from their historical roots. Suc

  13. Why publish with AGU?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graedel, T. E.

    The most visible activity of the American Geophysical Union is its publication of scientific journals. There are eight of these: Journal of Geophysical Research—Space Physics (JGR I), Journal of Geophysical Research—Solid Earth (JGR II), Journal of Geophysical Research—Oceans and Atmospheres (JGR III), Radio Science (RS), Water Resources Research (WRR), Geophysical Research Letters (GRL), Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics (RGSP), and the newest, Tectonics.AGU's journals have established solid reputations for scientific excellence over the years. Reputation is not sufficient to sustain a high quality journal, however, since other factors enter into an author's decision on where to publish his or her work. In this article the characteristics of AGU's journals are compared with those of its competitors, with the aim of furnishing guidance to prospective authors and a better understanding of the value of the products to purchasers.

  14. Introduction to indexing and abstracting

    CERN Document Server

    Cleveland, Ana

    2013-01-01

    Successful information access in the digital information age requires robust systems of indexing and abstracting. This book provides a complete introduction to the subject that covers the many recent changes in the field.

  15. Biocards and Level of Abstraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lenau, Torben Anker; Keshwani, Sonal; Chakrabarti, Amaresh;

    2015-01-01

    in biocards. This was done in two workshops conducted with design students in Denmark and India. Students were given a design assignment and instructions for how to perform the BID ideation work. Half of the students were given biocards with abstract descriptions while the other half got biocards...... with concrete descriptions. The novelty of found solutions was evaluated by the students by rating novelty of each solution on a scale from 1 to 5. Mean values for abstract descriptions were 0,3 higher than for concrete descriptions indicating that more innovative solutions were found when students used...... biocards with abstract descriptions compared to concrete descriptions. The difference in mean value is significant with a confidence level better than 1%. It seems likely that more abstract descriptions in biocards helps avoiding design fixation in biomimetic design work....

  16. Search Cloud

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/cloud.html Search Cloud To use the sharing features on this ... of Top 110 zoster vaccine Share the MedlinePlus search cloud with your users by embedding our search ...

  17. 10081 Abstracts Collection -- Cognitive Robotics

    OpenAIRE

    Lakemeyer, Gerhard; Levesque, Hector J.; Pirri, Fiora

    2010-01-01

    From 21.02. to 26.02.2010, the Dagstuhl Seminar 10081 ``Cognitive Robotics '' was held in Schloss Dagstuhl~--~Leibniz Center for Informatics. During the seminar, several participants presented their current research, and ongoing work and open problems were discussed. Abstracts of the presentations given during the seminar as well as abstracts of seminar results and ideas are put together in this paper. The first section describes the seminar topics and goals in general. Link...

  18. Policy implications for familial searching

    OpenAIRE

    Kim Joyce; Mammo Danny; Siegel Marni B; Katsanis Sara H

    2011-01-01

    Abstract In the United States, several states have made policy decisions regarding whether and how to use familial searching of the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) database in criminal investigations. Familial searching pushes DNA typing beyond merely identifying individuals to detecting genetic relatedness, an application previously reserved for missing persons identifications and custody battles. The intentional search of CODIS for partial matches to an item of evidence offers law enforce...

  19. The Library Publishing Coalition: organizing libraries to enhance scholarly publishing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Kalikman Lippincott

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Library-based publishing efforts are gaining traction in academic and research libraries across the world, primarily in response to perceived gaps in the scholarly publishing system. Though publishing is a new area of work for libraries, it is often a natural outgrowth of their existing infrastructure and skill sets, leveraging the institutional repository as publishing platform and repositioning librarians’ skills as information managers. For decades, these initiatives were primarily ad hoc and local, limiting the potential for library publishing to effect significant change. In 2013, over 60 academic and research libraries collectively founded the Library Publishing Coalition (LPC, a professional association expressly charged with facilitating knowledge sharing, collaboration and advocacy for this growing field. This article offers an overview of library publishing activity, primarily in the US, followed by an account of the creation and mission of the LPC, the first professional association dedicated wholly to the support of library publishers.

  20. Behavior Modification in the Classroom: An Abstract Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremer, Barbara, Comp.

    An annotated selective bibliography of documents on operation conditioning which are found in the ERIC microfiche collection and in journal literature is presented. Abstracts of these documents were taken from Research in Education (RIE) and Current Index to Journals in Education (CIJE). Included are published and unpublished studies focusing on…

  1. Stirling engines. (Latest citations from the Aerospace database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-09-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning fuel consumption, engine design and testing, computerized simulation, and lubrication systems relative to the Stirling cycle engine. Solar energy conversion research, thermodynamic efficiency, economics, and utilization for power generation and automobile engines are included. Materials used in Stirling engines are briefly evaluated. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  2. Stirling engines. (Latest citations from the COMPENDEX database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-12-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning Stirling engine technology. Design, development, performance testing, and applications are discussed, including power generation, cryogenic cooling, solar power applications, and ground and marine vehicles. The citations also examine engine component design and material testing results. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  3. Ecosystem models. (Latest citations from the NTIS database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-07-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the design and applications of ecosystem models. Ecosystem simulation and characterization models, together with models for marine biology, plants, microorganisms, and food chains, are described. Models that assess the effect of pollutants on specific environments and habitat suitability index models are also included. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  4. Bioremediation. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the decomposition of toxic materials by biological means. Bacterial decomposition of jet fuel, wood preservatives, explosives, crude oil, halogenated organics, diesel fuel, aviation fuel, and creosote is discussed. Enhancement of decomposition rates by addition of nutrients is also included.(Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  5. Reflections on New Search Engine 新型搜索引擎畅想

    OpenAIRE

    Huang, Jiannian

    2007-01-01

    English abstract]Quick increment of need on internet information resources leads to a rush of search engines. This article introduces some new type of search engines which is appearing and will appear. These search engines includes as follows: grey document search engine, invisible web search engine, knowledge discovery search engine, clustering meta search engine, academic clustering search engine, conception comparison and conception analogy search engine, consultation search engine, teachi...

  6. Does a Graphical Abstract Bring More Visibility to Your Paper?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva-Maria Pferschy-Wenzig

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A graphical abstract (GA represents a piece of artwork that is intended to summarize the main findings of an article for readers at a single glance. Many publishers currently encourage authors to supplement their articles with GAs, in the hope that such a convenient visual summary will facilitate readers with a clearer outline of papers that are of interest and will result in improved overall visibility of the respective publication. To test this assumption, we statistically compared publications with or without GA published in Molecules between March 2014 and March 2015 with regard to several output parameters reflecting visibility. Contrary to our expectations, manuscripts published without GA performed significantly better in terms of PDF downloads, abstract views, and total citations than manuscripts with GA. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first empirical study on the effectiveness of GA for attracting attention to scientific publications.

  7. Neighborhoods, Published in 2003, Freelance.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Neighborhoods dataset, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2003. Data by this publisher are often provided in State Plane...

  8. The publisher journey for OUP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rhodri Jackson

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The journey towards open access (OA monograph publishing is incomplete. Since the publication of the Finch Report and in an environment of improving funding for OA monographs, publishers have made tentative moves into the OA monograph space, but there are a number of questions to be answered before one or more truly successful and sustainable business models can be identified. Oxford University Press (OUP is a large monograph publisher, and has been publishing OA journals for a decade. It is only in the last year though that OUP has made significant moves towards OA monograph publishing, participating in the OAPEN-UK project and considering other options. The challenge for OUP and the publishing industry is to work with authors, funders and other interested parties to develop OA monograph publishing options which work for all involved and safeguard the future of a crucial element of the scholarly publishing landscape.

  9. MicroCar 2003. Abstracts of papers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    Mechatronics for automotive applications is an important trend, combining mechanics, electronics and information technology. Micro- and nanomechatronics, particularly innovative research disciplines, will help create, in combination with advanced solutions from microsystem technologies, e.g. the electronic packaging, a range of entirely new developments in automobiles. Under the umbrella of the Automotive Suppliers Fair Z2003, it is happening for the very first time now that a momentous scientific conference, such as the MicroCar 2003, brings together representatives from car manufacturers and the electronics industry, as well as a large number of experts from technical colleges, universities and research institutes to discuss the new potentials and possibilities presented by the use of micro and nanomaterials in Leipzig. With the presentation of 50 papers, speakers will inform about their latest research results as well as current trends in micro and nanotechnologies for automotives. This issue is publishing the abstracts of this scientific event.

  10. Abstraction by Set-Membership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mödersheim, Sebastian Alexander

    2010-01-01

    The abstraction and over-approximation of protocols and web services by a set of Horn clauses is a very successful method in practice. It has however limitations for protocols and web services that are based on databases of keys, contracts, or even access rights, where revocation is possible, so ...... language to standard Horn clauses and use the verifier ProVerif and the theorem prover SPASS to solve them. We show by a number of examples that this approach is practically feasible for wide variety of verification problems of security protocols and web services....... that the set of true facts does not monotonically grow with the transitions. We extend the scope of these over-approximation methods by defining a new way of abstraction that can handle such databases, and we formally prove that the abstraction is sound. We realize a translator from a convenient specification...

  11. GeneView: a comprehensive semantic search engine for PubMed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Philippe; Starlinger, Johannes; Vowinkel, Alexander; Arzt, Sebastian; Leser, Ulf

    2012-07-01

    Research results are primarily published in scientific literature and curation efforts cannot keep up with the rapid growth of published literature. The plethora of knowledge remains hidden in large text repositories like MEDLINE. Consequently, life scientists have to spend a great amount of time searching for specific information. The enormous ambiguity among most names of biomedical objects such as genes, chemicals and diseases often produces too large and unspecific search results. We present GeneView, a semantic search engine for biomedical knowledge. GeneView is built upon a comprehensively annotated version of PubMed abstracts and openly available PubMed Central full texts. This semi-structured representation of biomedical texts enables a number of features extending classical search engines. For instance, users may search for entities using unique database identifiers or they may rank documents by the number of specific mentions they contain. Annotation is performed by a multitude of state-of-the-art text-mining tools for recognizing mentions from 10 entity classes and for identifying protein-protein interactions. GeneView currently contains annotations for >194 million entities from 10 classes for ∼21 million citations with 271,000 full text bodies. GeneView can be searched at http://bc3.informatik.hu-berlin.de/.

  12. Seven Tips for Publishing Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumashiro, Kevin K.

    2004-01-01

    The publishing industry in the field of education is undergoing several profound changes. New publishers are emerging while established publishers are merging. More book series (that is, books on a certain topic that are approved and mentored by one or more established scholars in the field) are being created. Alternative paths are becoming more…

  13. Where to publish family violence research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Todd M; Rhatigan, Deborah L; Stuart, Gregory L; Street, Amy; Farrell, Lyette E

    2004-08-01

    Family violence researchers must weigh numerous factors in deciding where to submit their work for publication. The purpose of the present study is to provide a useful guide for family violence researchers to make informed decisions about publishing their manuscripts. Through an extensive computerized literature search, 22 English-language specialty and non-specialty journals that frequently publish articles on family violence were identified. Editors or editorial staff of these journals were contacted and completed a brief questionnaire about their respective journal. Journals varied widely in types of articles accepted for publication, target audience, circulation rates, number of issues per year, and acceptance rates. Journals generally evidenced high acceptance rates following resubmission. Overall, this study identified numerous journals to serve as outlets for the theoretical and empirical efforts of family violence researchers.

  14. Elements of abstract harmonic analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Bachman, George

    2013-01-01

    Elements of Abstract Harmonic Analysis provides an introduction to the fundamental concepts and basic theorems of abstract harmonic analysis. In order to give a reasonably complete and self-contained introduction to the subject, most of the proofs have been presented in great detail thereby making the development understandable to a very wide audience. Exercises have been supplied at the end of each chapter. Some of these are meant to extend the theory slightly while others should serve to test the reader's understanding of the material presented. The first chapter and part of the second give

  15. Abstract Models of Transfinite Reductions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahr, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    We investigate transfinite reductions in abstract reduction systems. To this end, we study two abstract models for transfinite reductions: a metric model generalising the usual metric approach to infinitary term rewriting and a novel partial order model. For both models we distinguish between...... a weak and a strong variant of convergence as known from infinitary term rewriting. Furthermore, we introduce an axiomatic model of reductions that is general enough to cover all of these models of transfinite reductions as well as the ordinary model of finite reductions. It is shown that...

  16. Abstracts from Rambam Research Day

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shraga Blazer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available [Extract] This Supplement of Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal presents the abstracts from the Eleventh Rambam Research Day. These abstracts represent the newest basic and clinical research coming out of Rambam Health Care Campus—research that is the oxygen for education and development of today’s generation of physicians. Hence, the research presented on Rambam Research Day is a foundation for future generations to understand patient needs and improve treatment modalities. Bringing research from the bench to the bedside and from the bedside to the community is at the heart of Maimonides’ scholarly and ethical legacy.

  17. Writing business research article abstracts: A genre approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Piqué-Noguera

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A great deal has been published about oral and written genres in business (e.g., letters, research articles, oral presentations, etc., and less attention has been paid to business research article abstracts as a written genre, as many experts would argue. This research intends to raise rhetorical awareness about the role of abstracts in today’s academic world. To this effect, the abstracts of two official publications of the Association of Business Communication, Journal of Business Communication and Business Communication Quarterly, have been analyzed and compared in terms of structure and content according to models published in the specialized literature. The results show an irregular and inconsistent presentation of abstracts, a good number of them following no set pattern and thus lacking in important information for researchers. These findings suggest, first of all, that abstracts have a specific mission to fulfil and should not be disregarded; and, secondly, that journal guidelines for authors should be more explicit in their instructions on how to write and structure abstracts.

  18. Springer Publishing Booth | 4-5 October

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    In the spirit of continuation of the CERN Book Fairs of the past years, Springer Nature will be present with a book and journal booth on October 4th and 5th, located as usual in the foyer of the Main Building. Some of the latest titles in particle physics and related fields will be on sale.   You are cordially invited to come to the booth to meet Heike Klingebiel (Licensing Manager / Library Sales), Hisako Niko (Publishing Editor) and Christian Caron (Publishing Editor). In particular, information about the new Nano database – nanomaterial and device profiles from high-impact journals and patents, manually abstracted, curated and updated by nanotechnology experts – will be available. The database is accessible here: http://nano.nature.com/. 

  19. Search Patterns

    CERN Document Server

    Morville, Peter

    2010-01-01

    What people are saying about Search Patterns "Search Patterns is a delight to read -- very thoughtful and thought provoking. It's the most comprehensive survey of designing effective search experiences I've seen." --Irene Au, Director of User Experience, Google "I love this book! Thanks to Peter and Jeffery, I now know that search (yes, boring old yucky who cares search) is one of the coolest ways around of looking at the world." --Dan Roam, author, The Back of the Napkin (Portfolio Hardcover) "Search Patterns is a playful guide to the practical concerns of search interface design. It cont

  20. Search and Recommendation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogers, Toine

    2014-01-01

    -scale application by companies like Amazon, Facebook, and Netflix. But are search and recommendation really two different fields of research that address different problems with different sets of algorithms in papers published at distinct conferences? In my talk, I want to argue that search and recommendation......In just a little over half a century, the field of information retrieval has experienced spectacular growth and success, with IR applications such as search engines becoming a billion-dollar industry in the past decades. Recommender systems have seen an even more meteoric rise to success with wide...... are more similar than they have been treated in the past decade. By looking more closely at the tasks and problems that search and recommendation try to solve, at the algorithms used to solve these problems and at the way their performance is evaluated, I want to show that there is no clear black and white...

  1. Current Abstracts Nuclear Reactors and Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bales, J.D.; Hicks, S.C. [eds.

    1993-01-01

    This publication Nuclear Reactors and Technology (NRT) announces on a monthly basis the current worldwide information available from the open literature on nuclear reactors and technology, including all aspects of power reactors, components and accessories, fuel elements, control systems, and materials. This publication contains the abstracts of DOE reports, journal articles, conference papers, patents, theses, and monographs added to the Energy Science and Technology Database during the past month. Also included are US information obtained through acquisition programs or interagency agreements and international information obtained through acquisition programs or interagency agreements and international information obtained through the International Energy Agency`s Energy Technology Data Exchange or government-to-government agreements. The digests in NRT and other citations to information on nuclear reactors back to 1948 are available for online searching and retrieval on the Energy Science and Technology Database and Nuclear Science Abstracts (NSA) database. Current information, added daily to the Energy Science and Technology Database, is available to DOE and its contractors through the DOE Integrated Technical Information System. Customized profiles can be developed to provide current information to meet each user`s needs.

  2. Shock in the Nonhuman Primate. Volume 2. Abstracts of the Published Literature, 1974-1977

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-06-01

    necrosis and formation of large multivesicular bodies and fat droplets occurred in parenchymal cells. The space of Disse was frequently obliterated by...compensating for the cardiovascular insult. In some patients, however, such as the elderly person who may have antecedent heart disease, arteriosclerosis or

  3. Does "Social Work Abstracts" Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, Gary; Barker, Kathleen; Covert-Vail, Lucinda; Rosenberg, Gary; Cohen, Stephanie A.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The current study seeks to provide estimates of the adequacy of journal coverage in the Social Work Abstracts (SWA) database. Method: A total of 23 journals listed in the Journal Citation Reports social work category during the 1997 to 2005 period were selected for study. Issue-level coverage estimates were obtained for SWA and…

  4. Abstract Interpretation of Mobile Ambients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, René Rydhof; Jensen, J. G.; Nielson, Flemming

    1999-01-01

    We demonstrate that abstract interpretation is useful for analysing calculi of computation such as the ambient calculus (which is based on the p-calculus); more importantly, we show that the entire development can be expressed in a constraint-based formalism that is becoming exceedingly popular...

  5. Handedness Shapes Children's Abstract Concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casasanto, Daniel; Henetz, Tania

    2012-01-01

    Can children's handedness influence how they represent abstract concepts like "kindness" and "intelligence"? Here we show that from an early age, right-handers associate rightward space more strongly with positive ideas and leftward space with negative ideas, but the opposite is true for left-handers. In one experiment, children indicated where on…

  6. The Complexity of Abstract Machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beniamino Accattoli

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The lambda-calculus is a peculiar computational model whose definition does not come with a notion of machine. Unsurprisingly, implementations of the lambda-calculus have been studied for decades. Abstract machines are implementations schema for fixed evaluation strategies that are a compromise between theory and practice: they are concrete enough to provide a notion of machine and abstract enough to avoid the many intricacies of actual implementations. There is an extensive literature about abstract machines for the lambda-calculus, and yet—quite mysteriously—the efficiency of these machines with respect to the strategy that they implement has almost never been studied. This paper provides an unusual introduction to abstract machines, based on the complexity of their overhead with respect to the length of the implemented strategies. It is conceived to be a tutorial, focusing on the case study of implementing the weak head (call-by-name strategy, and yet it is an original re-elaboration of known results. Moreover, some of the observation contained here never appeared in print before.

  7. Abstract Interpretation Using Attribute Grammar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosendahl, Mads

    1990-01-01

    This paper deals with the correctness proofs of attribute grammars using methods from abstract interpretation. The technique will be described by defining a live-variable analysis for a small flow-chart language and proving it correct with respect to a continuation style semantics. The proof tech...

  8. Rolloff Roof Observatory Construction (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulowetz, J. H.

    2015-12-01

    (Abstract only) Lessons learned about building an observatory by someone with limited construction experience, and the advantages of having one for imaging and variable star studies. Sample results shown of composite light curves for cataclysmic variables UX UMa and V1101 Aql with data from my observatory combined with data from others around the world.

  9. Evaluation of Articles from Turkey Published in Pathology Journals Indexed in International Indexes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alp USUBÜTÜN

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: We aimed to evaluate manuscripts from Turkey published in pathology journals indexed in the international databases.Material and Method: Journals indexed in the “Web of Science” and having a “pathology” topic in the “Journal Citation Report” were searched and sorted according to impact factor from the “Science Citation Index”. Publications were analyzed according to the journal, year, type, impact factor and institutions.Results: Sixty-six journals indexed in the SCI and 1399 publications from Turkey were identified between 1975 and 2009. “Meeting abstracts” made up 48.3% and “research articles-case reports” 41.1% of these articles. Ten universities produced 52.09% of the publications. The journals having frequently published articles from Turkey had impact factors less than 1,5. Thirty-nine of 278 publications in the 10 journals of highest impact factor were original articles and 33 of them had international co-authors. In 10 journals in which the most number of articles were published, the impact factor per publication and original article were 1,337 and 5,417 respectively.Conclusion: Research and case reports constituted 41.1% of the publications and are published mostly in journals with an impact factor less than 1.0. Fifty-six percent of the meeting abstracts are from the European Pathology Congress that was held in Istanbul in 2007. International meetings held in Turkey have a clear boosting effect on research. The number of citations per pathology articles published from Turkey are lower than the world average and articles emanating from other medical disciplines in Turkey. Research in the pathology field is not adequate quantitatively and qualitatively. Attempts are required to increase the quantity and quality of publications.

  10. What comes first? Publishing business or publishing studies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josipa Selthofer

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze and compare publishing studies, their programmes at the undergraduate and graduate levels and scholars involved in the teaching of publishing courses at the top universities around the world and in Croatia. Since traditional publishing business is rapidly changing, new skills and new jobs are involved in it. The main research question is: Can modern publishing studies produce a modern publisher? Or, is it the other way around? The hypothesis of the paper is that scholars involved in the teaching of publishing courses at the top universities around the world have a background in publishing business. So, can they prepare their students for the future and can their students gain competencies they need to compete in a confusing world of digital authors and electronic books? The research methods used were content analysis and comparison. Research sample included 36 university publishing programmes at the undergraduate and graduate level worldwide (24 MA, 12 BA. The research sample was limited mainly to the English-speaking countries. In most non-English-speaking countries, it was difficult to analyse the programme curriculum in the native language because the programme and course description did not exit. In the data gathering phase, a customized web application was used for content analysis. The application has three main sections: a list of websites to evaluate, a visual representation of the uploaded website and a list of characteristics grouped by categories for quantifying data. About twenty years ago, publishing was not considered a separate scientific branch in Croatia. Publishing studies are therefore a new phenomenon to both scholars and publishers in Croatia. To create a new, ideal publishing course, can we simply copy global trends or is it better to create something of our own?

  11. Bibliometric analysis of poison center-related research published in peer-review journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forrester, M B

    2016-07-01

    Poison centers advance knowledge in the field of toxicology through publication in peer-review journals. This investigation describes the pattern of poison center-related publications. Cases were poison center-related research published in peer-review journals during 1995-2014. These were identified through searching the PubMed database, reviewing the tables of contents of selected toxicology journals, and reviewing abstracts of various national and international meetings. The following variables for each publication were identified: year of publication, journal, type of publication (meeting abstract vs. other, i.e. full article or letter to the editor), and the country(ies) of the poison center(s) included in the research. Of the 3147 total publications, 62.1% were meeting abstracts. There were 263 publications in 1995-1999, 536 in 2000-2004, 999 in 2005-2009, and 1349 in 2010-2014. The publications were in 234 different journals. The journals in which the highest number of research was published were Clinical Toxicology (69.7%), Journal of Medical Toxicology (2.2%), and Veterinary and Human Toxicology (2.1%). The research was reported from 62 different countries. The countries with the highest number of publications were the United States (67.9%), United Kingdom (6.5%), Germany (3.9%), France (2.5%), and Italy (2.4%). The number of publications increased greatly over the 20 years. Although the publications were in a large number of journals, a high proportion of the publications were in one journal. While the research came from a large number of countries, the preponderance came from the United States.

  12. Publish or Perish mantra in the medical field: A systematic review of the reasons, consequences and remedies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guraya, Salman Y.; Norman, Robert I.; Khoshhal, Khalid I.; Guraya, Shaista Salman; Forgione, Antonello

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Generally, academic promotions, job retention, job mobility, and professional development of a medical faculty members are judged primarily by the growth in publication outputs. Universities and research institutions are more likely to recruit and promote those academics carrying voluminous résumés with larger number of published articles. This review elaborates the causes and consequences of the pressure to publish and the ways and means to cope with this paradigm. Methods: In 2015, database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects, LISTA (EBSCO), Medline and Oxford University Library were searched for the English language full-text articles published during 2000-2015, by using MeSH terms “pressure to publish”, “urge to publish”, “research ethics”, “plagiarism”, “article retraction”, “medical field”. This search was further refined by selecting the articles in terms of relevancy and contents. Results: This research showed that some universities offer generous grants to researchers with a high h-index and with more publications in elite journals, which promise an enhanced prospect of citations and elevation in the scientific rankings of the funding institutions. This generates an involuntary obsession to publish with the primary intention to obtain promotions, high scientific rankings, and improved job security. This compelling pressure to publish results in widespread publication of non-significant research with a high index of plagiarism that eventually leads to an increased frequency of retractions. Conclusion: Research centers and academic institutions have an obligation to train their academics in sound scientific writing and to apprise them of the publication ethics and the grave consequences of plagiarism and research misconduct. PMID:28083065

  13. Abstract Cauchy problems three approaches

    CERN Document Server

    Melnikova, Irina V

    2001-01-01

    Although the theory of well-posed Cauchy problems is reasonably understood, ill-posed problems-involved in a numerous mathematical models in physics, engineering, and finance- can be approached in a variety of ways. Historically, there have been three major strategies for dealing with such problems: semigroup, abstract distribution, and regularization methods. Semigroup and distribution methods restore well-posedness, in a modern weak sense. Regularization methods provide approximate solutions to ill-posed problems. Although these approaches were extensively developed over the last decades by many researchers, nowhere could one find a comprehensive treatment of all three approaches.Abstract Cauchy Problems: Three Approaches provides an innovative, self-contained account of these methods and, furthermore, demonstrates and studies some of the profound connections between them. The authors discuss the application of different methods not only to the Cauchy problem that is not well-posed in the classical sense, b...

  14. Learning abstract algebra with ISETL

    CERN Document Server

    Dubinsky, Ed

    1994-01-01

    Most students in abstract algebra classes have great difficulty making sense of what the instructor is saying. Moreover, this seems to remain true almost independently of the quality of the lecture. This book is based on the constructivist belief that, before students can make sense of any presentation of abstract mathematics, they need to be engaged in mental activities which will establish an experiential base for any future verbal explanation. No less, they need to have the opportunity to reflect on their activities. This approach is based on extensive theoretical and empirical studies as well as on the substantial experience of the authors in teaching astract algebra. The main source of activities in this course is computer constructions, specifically, small programs written in the mathlike programming language ISETL; the main tool for reflections is work in teams of 2-4 students, where the activities are discussed and debated. Because of the similarity of ISETL expressions to standard written mathematics...

  15. Publishing perishing? Towards tomorrow's information architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerstein Mark B

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Scientific articles are tailored to present information in human-readable aliquots. Although the Internet has revolutionized the way our society thinks about information, the traditional text-based framework of the scientific article remains largely unchanged. This format imposes sharp constraints upon the type and quantity of biological information published today. Academic journals alone cannot capture the findings of modern genome-scale inquiry. Like many other disciplines, molecular biology is a science of facts: information inherently suited to database storage. In the past decade, a proliferation of public and private databases has emerged to house genome sequence, protein structure information, functional genomics data and more; these digital repositories are now a vital component of scientific communication. The next challenge is to integrate this vast and ever-growing body of information with academic journals and other media. To truly integrate scientific information we must modernize academic publishing to exploit the power of the Internet. This means more than online access to articles, hyperlinked references and web-based supplemental data; it means making articles fully computer-readable with intelligent markup and Structured Digital Abstracts. Here, we examine the changing roles of scholarly journals and databases. We present our vision of the optimal information architecture for the biosciences, and close with tangible steps to improve our handling of scientific information today while paving the way for an expansive central index in the future.

  16. From abstract to peer-reviewed publication: country matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fosbol, E.; Fosbøl, Philip Loldrup; Eapen, Z. J.

    2013-01-01

    within 2 years of the conference. Less is known about the relative difference between countries in regards to likelihood of publication. Methods: Using a validated automated computer algorithm, we searched the ISI Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed publications of abstracts presented at the AHA...... observed a significant variation among countries in terms of odds of subsequent publication (Figure). Conclusions: Our results show that conversion of science from an abstract into a peer-reviewed publication varies significantly by country. Local national initiatives should be deployed in order to break...

  17. STEM Education Related Dissertation Abstracts: A Bounded Qualitative Meta-study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banning, James; Folkestad, James E.

    2012-12-01

    This article utilizes a bounded qualitative meta-study framework to examine the 101 dissertation abstracts found by searching the ProQuest Dissertation and Theses™ digital database for dissertations abstracts from 1990 through 2010 using the search terms education, science, technology, engineer, and STEM/SMET. Professional search librarians established the search criteria used to establish the database. The overarching research question for this study was: What can we learn from the examination of doctoral dissertations abstracts that focus on the STEM education found from 1990 through 2010? The study's findings provide an overview of doctoral research related to STEM education and the discussion section focuses on quality of abstracts, questions regarding the use of the pipeline metaphor, and location of instructional innovation.

  18. Personalized Search

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(SzGeCERN)749939

    2015-01-01

    As the volume of electronically available information grows, relevant items become harder to find. This work presents an approach to personalizing search results in scientific publication databases. This work focuses on re-ranking search results from existing search engines like Solr or ElasticSearch. This work also includes the development of Obelix, a new recommendation system used to re-rank search results. The project was proposed and performed at CERN, using the scientific publications available on the CERN Document Server (CDS). This work experiments with re-ranking using offline and online evaluation of users and documents in CDS. The experiments conclude that the personalized search result outperform both latest first and word similarity in terms of click position in the search result for global search in CDS.

  19. Search Combinators

    CERN Document Server

    Schrijvers, Tom; Wuille, Pieter; Samulowitz, Horst; Stuckey, Peter J

    2012-01-01

    The ability to model search in a constraint solver can be an essential asset for solving combinatorial problems. However, existing infrastructure for defining search heuristics is often inadequate. Either modeling capabilities are extremely limited or users are faced with a general-purpose programming language whose features are not tailored towards writing search heuristics. As a result, major improvements in performance may remain unexplored. This article introduces search combinators, a lightweight and solver-independent method that bridges the gap between a conceptually simple modeling language for search (high-level, functional and naturally compositional) and an efficient implementation (low-level, imperative and highly non-modular). By allowing the user to define application-tailored search strategies from a small set of primitives, search combinators effectively provide a rich domain-specific language (DSL) for modeling search to the user. Remarkably, this DSL comes at a low implementation cost to the...

  20. Visual search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toet, A.; Bijl, P.

    2003-01-01

    Visual search, with or without the aid of optical or electro-optical instruments, plays a significant role in various types of military and civilian operations (e.g., reconnaissance, surveillance, and search and rescue). Advance knowledge of human visual search and target acquisition performance is

  1. 78 FR 20101 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Chemical Abstract Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Access to Confidential Business Information by Chemical Abstract Services AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: EPA expects to authorize its contractor, Chemical...

  2. EMBASE search strategies for identifying methodologically sound diagnostic studies for use by clinicians and researchers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haynes R Brian

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Accurate diagnosis by clinicians is the cornerstone of decision making for recommending clinical interventions. The current best evidence from research concerning diagnostic tests changes unpredictably as science advances. Both clinicians and researchers need dependable access to published evidence concerning diagnostic accuracy. Bibliographic databases such as EMBASE provide the most widely available entrée to this literature. The objective of this study was to develop search strategies that optimize the retrieval of methodologically sound diagnostic studies from EMBASE for use by clinicians. Methods An analytic survey was conducted, comparing hand searches of 55 journals with retrievals from EMBASE for 4,843 candidate search terms and 6,574 combinations. All articles were rated using purpose and quality indicators, and clinically relevant diagnostic accuracy articles were categorized as 'pass' or 'fail' according to explicit criteria for scientific merit. Candidate search strategies were run in EMBASE, the retrievals being compared with the hand search data. The proposed search strategies were treated as "diagnostic tests" for sound studies and the manual review of the literature was treated as the "gold standard." The sensitivity, specificity, precision and accuracy of the search strategies were calculated. Results Of the 433 articles about diagnostic tests, 97 (22.4% met basic criteria for scientific merit. Combinations of search terms reached peak sensitivities of 100% with specificity at 70.4%. Compared with best single terms, best multiple terms increased sensitivity for sound studies by 8.2% (absolute increase, but decreased specificity (absolute decrease 6% when sensitivity was maximized. When terms were combined to maximize specificity, the single term "specificity.tw." (specificity of 98.2% outperformed combinations of terms. Conclusion Empirically derived search strategies combining indexing terms and textwords

  3. Measuring the impact of health policies using Internet search patterns: the case of abortion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reis Ben Y

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Internet search patterns have emerged as a novel data source for monitoring infectious disease trends. We propose that these data can also be used more broadly to study the impact of health policies across different regions in a more efficient and timely manner. Methods As a test use case, we studied the relationships between abortion-related search volume, local abortion rates, and local abortion policies available for study. Results Our initial integrative analysis found that, both in the US and internationally, the volume of Internet searches for abortion is inversely proportional to local abortion rates and directly proportional to local restrictions on abortion. Conclusion These findings are consistent with published evidence that local restrictions on abortion lead individuals to seek abortion services outside of their area. Further validation of these methods has the potential to produce a timely, complementary data source for studying the effects of health policies.

  4. Applied and implied semantics in crystallographic publishing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McMahon Brian

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Crystallography is a data-rich, software-intensive scientific discipline with a community that has undertaken direct responsibility for publishing its own scientific journals. That community has worked actively to develop information exchange standards allowing readers of structure reports to access directly, and interact with, the scientific content of the articles. Results Structure reports submitted to some journals of the International Union of Crystallography (IUCr can be automatically validated and published through an efficient and cost-effective workflow. Readers can view and interact with the structures in three-dimensional visualization applications, and can access the experimental data should they wish to perform their own independent structure solution and refinement. The journals also layer on top of this facility a number of automated annotations and interpretations to add further scientific value. Conclusions The benefits of semantically rich information exchange standards have revolutionised the scholarly publishing process for crystallography, and establish a model relevant to many other physical science disciplines.

  5. Policy implications for familial searching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Joyce

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In the United States, several states have made policy decisions regarding whether and how to use familial searching of the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS database in criminal investigations. Familial searching pushes DNA typing beyond merely identifying individuals to detecting genetic relatedness, an application previously reserved for missing persons identifications and custody battles. The intentional search of CODIS for partial matches to an item of evidence offers law enforcement agencies a powerful tool for developing investigative leads, apprehending criminals, revitalizing cold cases and exonerating wrongfully convicted individuals. As familial searching involves a range of logistical, social, ethical and legal considerations, states are now grappling with policy options for implementing familial searching to balance crime fighting with its potential impact on society. When developing policies for familial searching, legislators should take into account the impact of familial searching on select populations and the need to minimize personal intrusion on relatives of individuals in the DNA database. This review describes the approaches used to narrow a suspect pool from a partial match search of CODIS and summarizes the economic, ethical, logistical and political challenges of implementing familial searching. We examine particular US state policies and the policy options adopted to address these issues. The aim of this review is to provide objective background information on the controversial approach of familial searching to inform policy decisions in this area. Herein we highlight key policy options and recommendations regarding effective utilization of familial searching that minimize harm to and afford maximum protection of US citizens.

  6. Comics, Copyright and Academic Publishing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronan Deazley

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the extent to which UK-based academics can rely upon the copyright regime to reproduce extracts and excerpts from published comics and graphic novels without having to ask the copyright owner of those works for permission. In doing so, it invites readers to engage with a broader debate about the nature, demands and process of academic publishing.

  7. Behind the Scenes of Multimedia Publishing: Dream or Nightmare?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desmarais, Norman

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the processes and difficulties involved in the creation of a multimedia CD-ROM. Topics include searching for a publisher, how deadlines affect creativity, the editorial process, use of politically correct terminology and its influence on content and historical representation, obtaining rights to reproduce images, working with photographs…

  8. 'AV in DH: How to publish AV research online'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hagedoorn, Berber; Sanders, Willemien

    2014-01-01

    Although various tools and functionalities are currently being developed to search, explore, and analyse digital audio-visual sources, this paper will focus on the next step: the question how to publish such Digital Humanities research online. How can Digital Humanities research with audiovisual mat

  9. Abstract commensurators of braid groups

    OpenAIRE

    Leininger, Christopher J; Margalit, Dan

    2005-01-01

    Let B_n be the braid group on n strands, with n at least 4, and let Mod(S) be the extended mapping class group of the sphere with n+1 punctures. We show that the abstract commensurator of B_n is isomorphic to a semidirect product of Mod(S) with a group we refer to as the transvection subgroup, Tv(B_n). We also show that Tv(B_n) is itself isomorphic to a semidirect product of an infinite dimensional rational vector space with the multiplicative group of nonzero rational numbers.

  10. Operating System Abstraction Layer (OSAL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yanchik, Nicholas J.

    2007-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the concept of the Operating System Abstraction Layer (OSAL) and its benefits. The OSAL is A small layer of software that allows programs to run on many different operating systems and hardware platforms It runs independent of the underlying OS & hardware and it is self-contained. The benefits of OSAL are that it removes dependencies from any one operating system, promotes portable, reusable flight software. It allows for Core Flight software (FSW) to be built for multiple processors and operating systems. The presentation discusses the functionality, the various OSAL releases, and describes the specifications.

  11. The handbook of journal publishing

    CERN Document Server

    Morris, Sally; LaFrenier, Douglas; Reich, Margaret

    2013-01-01

    The Handbook of Journal Publishing is a comprehensive reference work written by experienced professionals, covering all aspects of journal publishing, both online and in print. Journals are crucial to scholarly communication, but changes in recent years in the way journals are produced, financed, and used make this an especially turbulent and challenging time for journal publishers - and for authors, readers, and librarians. The Handbook offers a thorough guide to the journal publishing process, from editing and production through marketing, sales, and fulfilment, with chapters on management, finances, metrics, copyright, and ethical issues. It provides a wealth of practical tools, including checklists, sample documents, worked examples, alternative scenarios, and extensive lists of resources, which readers can use in their day-to-day work. Between them, the authors have been involved in every aspect of journal publishing over several decades and bring to the text their experience working for a wide range of ...

  12. Searching Harvard Business Review Online. . . Lessons in Searching a Full Text Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenopir, Carol

    1985-01-01

    This article examines the Harvard Business Review Online (HBRO) database (bibliographic description fields, abstracts, extracted information, full text, subject descriptors) and reports on 31 sample HBRO searches conducted in Bibliographic Retrieval Services to test differences between searching full text and searching bibliographic record. Sample…

  13. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts, sponsored by the Documentation and Information Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Optical Information Network of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,is one of the series of science and technology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  14. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts, sponsored by the Documentation and Information Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Optical Information Network of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,is one of the series of science and technology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  15. Designing an image retrieval interface for abstract concepts within the domain of journalism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besseling, R.

    2011-01-01

    Research has shown that users have difficulties finding images which illustrate abstract concepts. We carried out a user study that confirms the finding that the selection of search terms is perceived difficult and that users find the subjectivity of abstract concepts problematic. In addition, we fo

  16. The Open Data Repository's Data Publisher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, N.; Lafuente, B.; Downs, R. T.; Bristow, T.; Blake, D. F.; Fonda, M.; Pires, A.

    2015-12-01

    Data management and data publication are becoming increasingly important components of research workflows. The complexity of managing data, publishing data online, and archiving data has not decreased significantly even as computing access and power has greatly increased. The Open Data Repository's Data Publisher software (http://www.opendatarepository.org) strives to make data archiving, management, and publication a standard part of a researcher's workflow using simple, web-based tools and commodity server hardware. The publication engine allows for uploading, searching, and display of data with graphing capabilities and downloadable files. Access is controlled through a robust permissions system that can control publication at the field level and can be granted to the general public or protected so that only registered users at various permission levels receive access. Data Publisher also allows researchers to subscribe to meta-data standards through a plugin system, embargo data publication at their discretion, and collaborate with other researchers through various levels of data sharing. As the software matures, semantic data standards will be implemented to facilitate machine reading of data and each database will provide a REST application programming interface for programmatic access. Additionally, a citation system will allow snapshots of any data set to be archived and cited for publication while the data itself can remain living and continuously evolve beyond the snapshot date. The software runs on a traditional LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) server and is available on GitHub (http://github.com/opendatarepository) under a GPLv2 open source license. The goal of the Open Data Repository is to lower the cost and training barrier to entry so that any researcher can easily publish their data and ensure it is archived for posterity. We gratefully acknowledge the support for this study by the Science-Enabling Research Activity (SERA), and NASA NNX11AP82A

  17. The Open Data Repositorys Data Publisher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, N.; Lafuente, B.; Downs, R. T.; Blake, D.; Bristow, T.; Fonda, M.; Pires, A.

    2015-01-01

    Data management and data publication are becoming increasingly important components of researcher's workflows. The complexity of managing data, publishing data online, and archiving data has not decreased significantly even as computing access and power has greatly increased. The Open Data Repository's Data Publisher software strives to make data archiving, management, and publication a standard part of a researcher's workflow using simple, web-based tools and commodity server hardware. The publication engine allows for uploading, searching, and display of data with graphing capabilities and downloadable files. Access is controlled through a robust permissions system that can control publication at the field level and can be granted to the general public or protected so that only registered users at various permission levels receive access. Data Publisher also allows researchers to subscribe to meta-data standards through a plugin system, embargo data publication at their discretion, and collaborate with other researchers through various levels of data sharing. As the software matures, semantic data standards will be implemented to facilitate machine reading of data and each database will provide a REST application programming interface for programmatic access. Additionally, a citation system will allow snapshots of any data set to be archived and cited for publication while the data itself can remain living and continuously evolve beyond the snapshot date. The software runs on a traditional LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) server and is available on GitHub (http://github.com/opendatarepository) under a GPLv2 open source license. The goal of the Open Data Repository is to lower the cost and training barrier to entry so that any researcher can easily publish their data and ensure it is archived for posterity.

  18. Norddesign 2012 - Book of Abstract

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    has been organized in line with the original ideas. The topics mentioned in the call for abstracts were: Product Development: Integrated, Multidisciplinary, Product life oriented and Distributed. Multi-product Development. Innovation and Business Models. Engineering Design and Industrial Design......Welcome to NordDesign2012. This conference is the ninth in a row of biannual conferences organized by technical universities in the Nordic region. The first conference was held in Helsinki in 1996, and at this initial conference it was agreed to organize 10 conferences before deciding on the future....... Conceptualisation and Innovative thinking. Research approaches and topics: Human Behaviour and Cognition. Cooperation and Multidisciplinary Design. Staging and Management of Design. Communication in Design. Design education and teaching: Programmes and Syllabuses. New Courses. Integrated and Multi-disciplinary. We...

  19. Computing abstractions of nonlinear systems

    CERN Document Server

    Reißig, Gunther

    2009-01-01

    We present an efficient algorithm for computing discrete abstractions of arbitrary memory span for nonlinear discrete-time and sampled systems, in which, apart from possibly numerically integrating ordinary differential equations, the only nontrivial operation to be performed repeatedly is to distinguish empty from non-empty convex polyhedra. We also provide sufficient conditions for the convexity of attainable sets, which is an important requirement for the correctness of the method we propose. It turns out that requirement can be met under rather mild conditions, which essentially reduce to sufficient smoothness in the case of sampled systems. Practicability of our approach in the design of discrete controllers for continuous plants is demonstrated by an example.

  20. Transplantation as an abstract good

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoeyer, Klaus; Jensen, Anja Marie Bornø; Olejaz, Maria

    2015-01-01

    a more general salience in the organ transplant field by way of facilitating a perception of organ transplantation as an abstract moral good rather than a specific good for specific people. Furthermore, we suggest that multiple forms of ignorance sustain each other: a desire for ignorance with respect......This article investigates valuations of organ transfers that are currently seen as legitimising increasingly aggressive procurement methods in Denmark. Based on interviews with registered donors and the intensive care unit staff responsible for managing organ donor patients we identify three types...... to the prioritisation of recipients sustains pressure for more organs; this pressure necessitates more aggressive measures in organ procurement and these measures increase the need for ignorance in relation to the actual procedures as well as the actual recipients. These attempts to avoid knowledge are in remarkable...

  1. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal). Compilation for third quarter 1997, July--September

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stevenson, L.L.

    1998-01-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. This report contains the third quarter 1997 abstracts.

  2. An Abstraction Theory for Qualitative Models of Biological Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Banks, Richard; 10.4204/EPTCS.40.3

    2010-01-01

    Multi-valued network models are an important qualitative modelling approach used widely by the biological community. In this paper we consider developing an abstraction theory for multi-valued network models that allows the state space of a model to be reduced while preserving key properties of the model. This is important as it aids the analysis and comparison of multi-valued networks and in particular, helps address the well-known problem of state space explosion associated with such analysis. We also consider developing techniques for efficiently identifying abstractions and so provide a basis for the automation of this task. We illustrate the theory and techniques developed by investigating the identification of abstractions for two published MVN models of the lysis-lysogeny switch in the bacteriophage lambda.

  3. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts , sponsored by the Documentation andInformation Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Optical Information Networkof the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanicsand Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is one of the series of science andtechnology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts started a quarterly publication in 1985,with the name of Chinese Science and Technology Document Catalogues: Optics andApplied Optics. It changed into a bimonthly publication with the name of Chinese Opticsand Applied Optics Abstracts in 1987. In combination with the Chinese Optics

  4. A Modal-Logic Based Graph Abstraction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bauer, J.; Boneva, I.B.; Kurban, M.E.; Rensink, A.; Ehrig, H.; Heckel, R.; Rozenberg, G.; Taentzer, G.

    2008-01-01

    Infinite or very large state spaces often prohibit the successful verification of graph transformation systems. Abstract graph transformation is an approach that tackles this problem by abstracting graphs to abstract graphs of bounded size and by lifting application of productions to abstract graphs

  5. Argonne Code Center: compilation of program abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butler, M.K.; DeBruler, M.; Edwards, H.S.; Harrison, C. Jr.; Hughes, C.E.; Jorgensen, R.; Legan, M.; Menozzi, T.; Ranzini, L.; Strecok, A.J.

    1977-08-01

    This publication is the eleventh supplement to, and revision of, ANL-7411. It contains additional abstracts and revisions to some earlier abstracts and other pages. Sections of the complete document ANL-7411 are as follows: preface, history and acknowledgements, abstract format, recommended program package contents, program classification guide and thesaurus, and the abstract collection. (RWR)

  6. Efficient abstractions for visualization and interaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Ploeg, A.J.

    2015-01-01

    Abstractions, such as functions and methods, are an essential tool for any programmer. Abstractions encapsulate the details of a computation: the programmer only needs to know what the abstraction achieves, not how it achieves it. However, using abstractions can come at a cost: the resulting program

  7. Argonne Code Center: compilation of program abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butler, M.K.; DeBruler, M.; Edwards, H.S.

    1976-08-01

    This publication is the tenth supplement to, and revision of, ANL-7411. It contains additional abstracts and revisions to some earlier abstracts and other pages. Sections of the document are as follows: preface; history and acknowledgements; abstract format; recommended program package contents; program classification guide and thesaurus; and abstract collection. (RWR)

  8. Published journal article with data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — published journal article. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Schumacher, B., J. Zimmerman, J. Elliot, and G. Swanson. The Effect of...

  9. The Simple Publishing Interface (SPI)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ternier, Stefaan; Massart, David; Totschnig, Michael; Klerkx, Joris; Duval, Erik

    2010-01-01

    Ternier, S., Massart, D., Totschnig, M., Klerkx, J., & Duval, E. (2010). The Simple Publishing Interface (SPI). D-Lib Magazine, September/October 2010, Volume 16 Number 9/10, doi:10.1045/september2010-ternier

  10. Hydrography, Published in unknown, SWGRC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Hydrography dataset, was produced all or in part from Road Centerline Files information as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided in Geographic...

  11. THE TYPES OF PUBLISHING SLOGANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryzhov Konstantin Germanovich

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The author of the article focuses his attention on publishing slogans which are posted on 100 present-day Russian publishing houses' official websites and have not yet been studied in the special literature. The author has developed his own classification of publishing slogans based on the results of analysis and considering the current scientific views on the classification of slogans. The examined items are classified into autonomous and text-dependent according to interrelationship with an advertising text; marketable, corporative and mixed according to a presentation subject; rational, emotional and complex depending on the method of influence upon a recipient; slogan-presentation, slogan-assurance, slogan-identifier, slogan-appraisal, slogan-appeal depending on the communicative strategy; slogans consisting of one sentence and of two or more sentences; Russian and foreign ones. The analysis of the slogans of all kinds presented in the actual material allowed the author to determine the dominant features of the Russian publishing slogan which is an autonomous sentence in relation to the advertising text. In spite of that, the slogan shows the publishing output, influences the recipient emotionally, actualizes the communicative strategy of publishing house presentation of its distinguishing features, gives assurance to the target audience and distinguishes the advertised subject among competitors.

  12. Faceted Search

    CERN Document Server

    Tunkelang, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    We live in an information age that requires us, more than ever, to represent, access, and use information. Over the last several decades, we have developed a modern science and technology for information retrieval, relentlessly pursuing the vision of a "memex" that Vannevar Bush proposed in his seminal article, "As We May Think." Faceted search plays a key role in this program. Faceted search addresses weaknesses of conventional search approaches and has emerged as a foundation for interactive information retrieval. User studies demonstrate that faceted search provides more

  13. SLAS Library Telescope Program (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Small, J. S.

    2016-12-01

    (Abstract only) In the fall of 2014, I submitted to the members of the St. Louis Astronomical Society to take the $1,000 profit we had from a convention we had hosted and use it to purchase three telescopes to modify for a Library Telescope program that was invented by Mark Stowbridge and promoted by the New Hampshire Astronomical Society. I had met Mark at NEAF in 2012 when he was walking the floor demonstrating the telescope. We held meetings with three libraries, the St. Louis County Library system, the St. Louis Public Library system and an independent library in Kirkwood, Missouri. The response was overwhelming! SLCL responded with a request for ten telescopes and SLPL asked for five. We did our first build in October, 2014 and placed a total of eighteen telescopes. Since that time, SLAS has placed a total of eighty-eight telescopes in library systems around the St. Louis Metro area, expanding into neighboring counties and across the river in Illinois. In this talk, I will discuss how to approach this project and put it in place in your libraries!

  14. ABSTRACT MODELS FOR SYSTEM VIRTUALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. G. Koveshnikov

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper is dedicated to issues of system objects securing (system files and user system or application configuration files against unauthorized access including denial of service attacks. We have suggested the method and developed abstract system virtualization models, which are used toresearch attack scenarios for different virtualization modes. Estimation for system tools virtualization technology effectiveness is given. Suggested technology is based on redirection of access requests to system objects shared among access subjects. Whole and partial system virtualization modes have been modeled. The difference between them is the following: in the whole virtualization mode all copies of access system objects are created whereon subjects’ requests are redirected including corresponding application objects;in the partial virtualization mode corresponding copies are created only for part of a system, for example, only system objects for applications. Alternative solutions effectiveness is valued relating to different attack scenarios. We consider proprietary and approved technical solution which implements system virtualization method for Microsoft Windows OS family. Administrative simplicity and capabilities of correspondingly designed system objects security tools are illustrated on this example. Practical significance of the suggested security method has been confirmed.

  15. An abstract approach to music.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaper, H. G.; Tipei, S.

    1999-04-19

    In this article we have outlined a formal framework for an abstract approach to music and music composition. The model is formulated in terms of objects that have attributes, obey relationships, and are subject to certain well-defined operations. The motivation for this approach uses traditional terms and concepts of music theory, but the approach itself is formal and uses the language of mathematics. The universal object is an audio wave; partials, sounds, and compositions are special objects, which are placed in a hierarchical order based on time scales. The objects have both static and dynamic attributes. When we realize a composition, we assign values to each of its attributes: a (scalar) value to a static attribute, an envelope and a size to a dynamic attribute. A composition is then a trajectory in the space of aural events, and the complex audio wave is its formal representation. Sounds are fibers in the space of aural events, from which the composer weaves the trajectory of a composition. Each sound object in turn is made up of partials, which are the elementary building blocks of any music composition. The partials evolve on the fastest time scale in the hierarchy of partials, sounds, and compositions. The ideas outlined in this article are being implemented in a digital instrument for additive sound synthesis and in software for music composition. A demonstration of some preliminary results has been submitted by the authors for presentation at the conference.

  16. Published assessments bearing on the future use of ceramic superconductors by the electric power sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giese, R.F.; Wolsky, A.M.

    1992-08-25

    Much has been written about ceramic superconductors since their discovery in 1986. Most of this writing reports and describes scientific research. However, some authors have sought to put this research in context: to assess where the field stands, what might be technically feasible, what might be economically feasible, and what potential impacts ceramic superconductors will bring to the electric power sector. This report's purpose is to make the results of already published assessments readily available. To that end, this report lists and provides abstracts for various technical and economic assessments related to applications of High-Temperature Superconductors (HTS) to the electric power sector. Those studies deemed most important are identified and summarized. These assessments were identified by two means. First, members of the Executive Committee identified some reports as worthy of consideration and forwarded them to Argonne National Laboratory. Twelve assessments were selected. Each of these is listed and summarized in the following section. Second, a bibliographic search was performed on five databases: INSPEC, NTIS, COMPENDEX, Energy Science Technology, and Electric Power Database. The search consisted of first selecting all papers related to High Temperature Superconductors. Then papers related to SMES, cables, generators, motors, fault current limiters, or electric utilities were selected. When suitable variants of the above terms were included, this resulted in a selection of 493 citations. These citations were subjected to review by the authors. A number of citations were determined to be inappropriate (e.g. a number referred to digital transmission lines for electronics and communications applications). The reduced list consisted of 200 entries. Each of these citations, with an abstract, is presented in the following sections.

  17. Published assessments bearing on the future use of ceramic superconductors by the electric power sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giese, R.F.; Wolsky, A.M.

    1992-08-25

    Much has been written about ceramic superconductors since their discovery in 1986. Most of this writing reports and describes scientific research. However, some authors have sought to put this research in context: to assess where the field stands, what might be technically feasible, what might be economically feasible, and what potential impacts ceramic superconductors will bring to the electric power sector. This report`s purpose is to make the results of already published assessments readily available. To that end, this report lists and provides abstracts for various technical and economic assessments related to applications of High-Temperature Superconductors (HTS) to the electric power sector. Those studies deemed most important are identified and summarized. These assessments were identified by two means. First, members of the Executive Committee identified some reports as worthy of consideration and forwarded them to Argonne National Laboratory. Twelve assessments were selected. Each of these is listed and summarized in the following section. Second, a bibliographic search was performed on five databases: INSPEC, NTIS, COMPENDEX, Energy Science & Technology, and Electric Power Database. The search consisted of first selecting all papers related to High Temperature Superconductors. Then papers related to SMES, cables, generators, motors, fault current limiters, or electric utilities were selected. When suitable variants of the above terms were included, this resulted in a selection of 493 citations. These citations were subjected to review by the authors. A number of citations were determined to be inappropriate (e.g. a number referred to digital transmission lines for electronics and communications applications). The reduced list consisted of 200 entries. Each of these citations, with an abstract, is presented in the following sections.

  18. Standardised assessment of patients' capacity to manage medications: a systematic review of published instruments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elliott Rohan A

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Older people are commonly prescribed complex multi-drug regimens while also experiencing declines in the cognitive and physical abilities required for medication management, leading to increased risk of medication errors and need for assisted living. The purpose of this study was to review published instruments designed to assess patients' capacity to self-administer medications. Methods Searches of Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Health and Psychosocial Instruments, Google, and reference lists of identified publications were conducted to identify English-language articles describing development and validation of instruments designed to assess patients' capacity to self-administer medications. Methodological quality of validation studies was rated independently against published criteria by two reviewers and reliability and validity data were reviewed. Results Thirty-two instruments were identified, of which 14 met pre-defined inclusion criteria. Instruments fell into two categories: those that used patients' own medications as the basis for assessment and those that used a simulated medication regimen. The quality of validation studies was generally low to moderate and few instruments were subjected to reliability testing. Most instruments had some evidence of construct validity, through associations with tests of cognitive function, health literacy, activities of daily living or measures of medication management or adherence. Only one instrument had sensitivity and specificity data with respect to prediction of medication-related outcomes such as adherence to therapy. Only three instruments had validity data from more than one independent research group. Conclusion A number of performance-based instruments exist to assess patients' capacity to manage their own medications. These may be useful for identifying physical and cognitive barriers to successful medication management, but

  19. Beauty in abstract paintings: Perceptual contrast and statistical properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgit eMallon

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we combined the behavioral and objective approach in the field of empirical aesthetics. First, we studied the perception of beauty by investigating shifts in evaluation on perceived beauty of abstract artworks (Experiment 1. Because the participants showed heterogeneous individual preferences for the paintings, we divided them into seven clusters for the test. The experiment revealed a clear pattern of perceptual contrast. The perceived beauty of abstract paintings increased after exposure to paintings that were rated as less beautiful, and it decreased after exposure to paintings that were rated as more beautiful. Next, we searched for correlations of beauty ratings and perceptual contrast with statistical properties of abstract artworks (Experiment 2. The participants showed significant preferences for certain image properties. These preferences differed between the clusters of participants. Strikingly, next to color measures like hue, saturation, value and lightness, the recently described PHOG self-similarity value seems to be a predictor for aesthetic appreciation of abstract artworks. We speculate that the shift in evaluation in Experiment 1 was, at least in part, based on low-level adaptation to some of the statistical image properties analyzed in Experiment 2. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that the perception of beauty in abstract artworks is altered after exposure to beautiful or non-beautiful images and correlates with particular image properties, especially color measures and self-similarity.

  20. Beauty in abstract paintings: perceptual contrast and statistical properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallon, Birgit; Redies, Christoph; Hayn-Leichsenring, Gregor U

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we combined the behavioral and objective approach in the field of empirical aesthetics. First, we studied the perception of beauty by investigating shifts in evaluation on perceived beauty of abstract artworks (Experiment 1). Because the participants showed heterogeneous individual preferences for the paintings, we divided them into seven clusters for the test. The experiment revealed a clear pattern of perceptual contrast. The perceived beauty of abstract paintings increased after exposure to paintings that were rated as less beautiful, and it decreased after exposure to paintings that were rated as more beautiful. Next, we searched for correlations of beauty ratings and perceptual contrast with statistical properties of abstract artworks (Experiment 2). The participants showed significant preferences for particular image properties. These preferences differed between the clusters of participants. Strikingly, next to color measures like hue, saturation, value and lightness, the recently described Pyramid of Histograms of Orientation Gradients (PHOG) self-similarity value seems to be a predictor for aesthetic appreciation of abstract artworks. We speculate that the shift in evaluation in Experiment 1 was, at least in part, based on low-level adaptation to some of the statistical image properties analyzed in Experiment 2. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that the perception of beauty in abstract artworks is altered after exposure to beautiful or non-beautiful images and correlates with particular image properties, especially color measures and self-similarity.

  1. Beauty in abstract paintings: perceptual contrast and statistical properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallon, Birgit; Redies, Christoph; Hayn-Leichsenring, Gregor U.

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we combined the behavioral and objective approach in the field of empirical aesthetics. First, we studied the perception of beauty by investigating shifts in evaluation on perceived beauty of abstract artworks (Experiment 1). Because the participants showed heterogeneous individual preferences for the paintings, we divided them into seven clusters for the test. The experiment revealed a clear pattern of perceptual contrast. The perceived beauty of abstract paintings increased after exposure to paintings that were rated as less beautiful, and it decreased after exposure to paintings that were rated as more beautiful. Next, we searched for correlations of beauty ratings and perceptual contrast with statistical properties of abstract artworks (Experiment 2). The participants showed significant preferences for particular image properties. These preferences differed between the clusters of participants. Strikingly, next to color measures like hue, saturation, value and lightness, the recently described Pyramid of Histograms of Orientation Gradients (PHOG) self-similarity value seems to be a predictor for aesthetic appreciation of abstract artworks. We speculate that the shift in evaluation in Experiment 1 was, at least in part, based on low-level adaptation to some of the statistical image properties analyzed in Experiment 2. In conclusion, our findings demonstrate that the perception of beauty in abstract artworks is altered after exposure to beautiful or non-beautiful images and correlates with particular image properties, especially color measures and self-similarity. PMID:24711791

  2. Structure of Moves in Research Article Abstracts in Applied Linguistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seden Can

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available An abstract summarizes the accompanying article in order to promote it. While many move-analysis studies of abstracts in applied linguistics (AL have used similar coding frameworks and demonstrated similar rhetorical organizations, their findings have not yet been aggregated to show the overall picture. The present study aimed to both examine move structures in AL abstracts and compare the results with previous studies both synchronically and diachronically. Fifty abstracts were collected from articles published in the journal English for Specific Purposes (ESP between 2011 and 2013. Sentences were coded using a five-move scheme adapted from previous studies. Combining the results from previous research and the present study showed that most AL abstracts give information on the purpose, methodology, and findings of the associated article, while about half of the articles omit introduction of the topic and discussion of the findings. It was also found that authors frequently violate the move sequence expected by current schemes. These findings consistent with previous research suggest that future researchers informed by move analyses should explore the connection between the findings of move analyses and teaching materials for academic writing.

  3. Core foundations of abstract geometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Moira R; Huang, Yi; Spelke, Elizabeth S

    2013-08-27

    Human adults from diverse cultures share intuitions about the points, lines, and figures of Euclidean geometry. Do children develop these intuitions by drawing on phylogenetically ancient and developmentally precocious geometric representations that guide their navigation and their analysis of object shape? In what way might these early-arising representations support later-developing Euclidean intuitions? To approach these questions, we investigated the relations among young children's use of geometry in tasks assessing: navigation; visual form analysis; and the interpretation of symbolic, purely geometric maps. Children's navigation depended on the distance and directional relations of the surface layout and predicted their use of a symbolic map with targets designated by surface distances. In contrast, children's analysis of visual forms depended on the size-invariant shape relations of objects and predicted their use of the same map but with targets designated by corner angles. Even though the two map tasks used identical instructions and map displays, children's performance on these tasks showed no evidence of integrated representations of distance and angle. Instead, young children flexibly recruited geometric representations of either navigable layouts or objects to interpret the same spatial symbols. These findings reveal a link between the early-arising geometric representations that humans share with diverse animals and the flexible geometric intuitions that give rise to human knowledge at its highest reaches. Although young children do not appear to integrate core geometric representations, children's use of the abstract geometry in spatial symbols such as maps may provide the earliest clues to the later construction of Euclidean geometry.

  4. Accelerated search for biomolecular network models to interpret high-throughput experimental data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sokhansanj Bahrad A

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The functions of human cells are carried out by biomolecular networks, which include proteins, genes, and regulatory sites within DNA that encode and control protein expression. Models of biomolecular network structure and dynamics can be inferred from high-throughput measurements of gene and protein expression. We build on our previously developed fuzzy logic method for bridging quantitative and qualitative biological data to address the challenges of noisy, low resolution high-throughput measurements, i.e., from gene expression microarrays. We employ an evolutionary search algorithm to accelerate the search for hypothetical fuzzy biomolecular network models consistent with a biological data set. We also develop a method to estimate the probability of a potential network model fitting a set of data by chance. The resulting metric provides an estimate of both model quality and dataset quality, identifying data that are too noisy to identify meaningful correlations between the measured variables. Results Optimal parameters for the evolutionary search were identified based on artificial data, and the algorithm showed scalable and consistent performance for as many as 150 variables. The method was tested on previously published human cell cycle gene expression microarray data sets. The evolutionary search method was found to converge to the results of exhaustive search. The randomized evolutionary search was able to converge on a set of similar best-fitting network models on different training data sets after 30 generations running 30 models per generation. Consistent results were found regardless of which of the published data sets were used to train or verify the quantitative predictions of the best-fitting models for cell cycle gene dynamics. Conclusion Our results demonstrate the capability of scalable evolutionary search for fuzzy network models to address the problem of inferring models based on complex, noisy biomolecular

  5. Factors Affecting Accuracy of Data Abstracted from Medical Records.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meredith N Zozus

    Full Text Available Medical record abstraction (MRA is often cited as a significant source of error in research data, yet MRA methodology has rarely been the subject of investigation. Lack of a common framework has hindered application of the extant literature in practice, and, until now, there were no evidence-based guidelines for ensuring data quality in MRA. We aimed to identify the factors affecting the accuracy of data abstracted from medical records and to generate a framework for data quality assurance and control in MRA.Candidate factors were identified from published reports of MRA. Content validity of the top candidate factors was assessed via a four-round two-group Delphi process with expert abstractors with experience in clinical research, registries, and quality improvement. The resulting coded factors were categorized into a control theory-based framework of MRA. Coverage of the framework was evaluated using the recent published literature.Analysis of the identified articles yielded 292 unique factors that affect the accuracy of abstracted data. Delphi processes overall refuted three of the top factors identified from the literature based on importance and five based on reliability (six total factors refuted. Four new factors were identified by the Delphi. The generated framework demonstrated comprehensive coverage. Significant underreporting of MRA methodology in recent studies was discovered.The framework generated from this research provides a guide for planning data quality assurance and control for studies using MRA. The large number and variability of factors indicate that while prospective quality assurance likely increases the accuracy of abstracted data, monitoring the accuracy during the abstraction process is also required. Recent studies reporting research results based on MRA rarely reported data quality assurance or control measures, and even less frequently reported data quality metrics with research results. Given the demonstrated

  6. An algorithm for generating abstract syntax trees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noonan, R. E.

    1985-01-01

    The notion of an abstract syntax is discussed. An algorithm is presented for automatically deriving an abstract syntax directly from a BNF grammar. The implementation of this algorithm and its application to the grammar for Modula are discussed.

  7. Epidemiology characteristics, reporting characteristics, and methodological quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses on traditional Chinese medicine nursing interventions published in Chinese journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Min; Jiang, Li; Wang, Aihong; Xu, Guihua

    2017-02-01

    To evaluate the epidemiological characteristics, reporting characteristics, and methodological quality of systematic reviews in the traditional Chinese medicine nursing field published in Chinese journals. The number of systematic reviews in the traditional Chinese medicine nursing field has increased, but their epidemiology, quality, and reporting characteristics have not been assessed completely. We generated an overview of reviews using a narrative approach. Four Chinese databases were searched for systematic reviews from inception to December 2015. The Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses and the Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews checklists were adopted to evaluate reporting and methodological quality, respectively. A total of 73 eligible systematic reviews, published from 2005 to 2015, were included. The deficiencies in reporting characteristics mainly lay in the lack of structured abstract or protocol, incomplete reporting of search strategies, study selection, and risk of bias. The deficiencies in methodological quality were reflected in the lack of a priori design and conflict of interest, incomplete literature searches, and assessment of publication bias. The quality of the evaluated reviews was unsatisfactory; attention should be paid to the improvement of reporting and methodological quality in the conduct of systematic reviews.

  8. Where should I publish my next manuscript on Limnology?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Josè Neiff

    Full Text Available Abstract When we need to spread the limnological knowledge, arises an issue that is not less than: where to publish our next article? In recent decades, the main element of evaluation are the “papers” and the sentence “publish or perish” haunts many scientists. It is imperative that researchers to share their discoveries or new knowledge. The dilemma arises because the scientific agencies (led by scientists have installed what I call prestige system in which researchers needs a number of articles published in mainstream journals with highest positions in the ranking to progress in their scientific carrier. This determines a strong pressure on the subjects under investigation, in the allocation of resources and, sometimes, comes to desperation to publish. It is also producing the neglect of regional issues hardly find place in those journals and end up published in journals unreliable. The dissemination of the limnological topics in Latin American journals gradually lost prominence. In my opinion, it´s necesary to spread the results for the people that paying our salaries and supports our projects. Put another way, publish in good local journals, without prejudice to also publish in journals of high international ranking. Scientific production should be evaluated for their trascendence, by his transforming power and not just by impact factors used today by many agencies.

  9. EDITORIAL AND PUBLISHER'S NOTE: BIPM to Publish Metrologia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackburn, D.

    1990-01-01

    Beginning in January of next year Metrologia will be published by the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures. This does not mean that a new journal is being created: externally the journal may have changed a little, but internally any changes will be of form rather than of substance. Metrologia was intended originally as a vehicle that would permit the metrological community to communicate progress in fundamental scientific measurements, to report original experiments and techniques in the area of secondary measurement, to review work in specialist fields and to disseminate the decisions of the Comité International des Poids et Mesures. The promotion of these activities remains the central objective of editorial policy. The separation from our friends in Springer-Verlag is one we view with some regret and not a little trepidation. On the days when things were not going well in the editorial office at the BIPM it was always a source of comfort to remember the willingness and professionalism with which our colleagues at Springer-Verlag supported the production and distribution of the journal. For some time, however, it has been felt at the BIPM that the Bureau should take direct responsibility for all aspects of Metrologia. This feeling led to discussions on the future of the journal and in June to the decision to separate. For those of us at the BIPM, the change represents an occasion to review the activities and priorities of the journal and so to revivify it. Our hope is to retain the best features of the existing Metrologia and to add to them others which will both expand the readership and bring to the journal a yet greater fraction of the finest articles on the topic of precise measurement. Publisher's Note The first issue of Metrologia was published in 1965. That issue, as have been all others since, was published by Springer-Verlag "under the Auspices of the International Committee for Weights and Measures". This phrase is the public expression of what

  10. Introduction to abstract algebra, solutions manual

    CERN Document Server

    Nicholson, W Keith

    2012-01-01

    Praise for the Third Edition ". . . an expository masterpiece of the highest didactic value that has gained additional attractivity through the various improvements . . ."-Zentralblatt MATH The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Abstract Algebra continues to provide an accessible approach to the basic structures of abstract algebra: groups, rings, and fields. The book's unique presentation helps readers advance to abstract theory by presenting concrete examples of induction, number theory, integers modulo n, and permutations before the abstract structures are defined. Readers can immediately be

  11. Publishing of Research in Librarianship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magrill, Rose Mary

    1984-01-01

    Review of trends during past 20 years in publishing of research and research results in librarianship in United States notes three characteristics of effective system of scholarly communication: access (bibliographies and indexes, research-alert columns, annual reviews); entry (journals, monographs, textbooks and readers, conference proceedings,…

  12. Digital Publishing: Imperfect, but Improving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boettcher, Judith V.

    2007-01-01

    Digital publishing is a field lurching along many paths and alleyways of experimentation. For their potential influence, however, recent approaches bear watching. In this article, the author shares the story of Jason on his personal decision-making struggles on using digital versions against conventional textbooks. The author also discusses…

  13. Computer Searches of the Literature in Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zacharias, Margaret King; Mathis, Claude

    As part of a comprehensive review and analysis of research about the division of labor in higher education, a university library computer system was used to search the ERIC Index, Sociological Abstracts, and Psychological Abstracts. The purpose of these experimental searches was to determine whether online access to computer-held social science…

  14. Efficient abstraction selection in reinforcement learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Seijen, H. van; Whiteson, S.; Kester, L.

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces a novel approach for abstraction selection in reinforcement learning problems modelled as factored Markov decision processes (MDPs), for which a state is described via a set of state components. In abstraction selection, an agent must choose an abstraction from a set of candida

  15. Writing a Structured Abstract for the Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartley, James

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the author's suggestions on how to improve thesis abstracts. The author describes two books on writing abstracts: (1) "Creating Effective Conference Abstracts and Posters in Biomedicine: 500 tips for Success" (Fraser, Fuller & Hutber, 2009), a compendium of clear advice--a must book to have in one's hand as one prepares a…

  16. Cuckoo Search: A Brief Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Fister Jr., I.; X. S. Yang; Fister, D.; Fister, I.

    2014-01-01

    Cuckoo search (CS) was introduced in 2009, and it has attracted great attention due to its promising efficiency in solving many optimization problems and real-world applications. In the last few years, many papers have been published regarding cuckoo search, and the relevant literature has expanded significantly. This chapter summarizes briefly the majority of the literature about cuckoo search in peer-reviewed journals and conferences found so far. These references can be systematically clas...

  17. CareSearch: finding and evaluating Australia's missing palliative care literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abernethy Amy P

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Palliative care is an evolving specialty with a growing evidence base. However, evidence is less accessible than it could be with a lower than average conversion of conference abstracts to articles in peer-reviewed journals and the need for more accessible tools to support evidence-based practice (EBP in palliative care. The CareSearch project involved identifying, collecting and evaluating Australia's "grey" palliative care literature and identifying international published literature missing from the electronic indexing systems. The literature was then catalogued and made publicly available through the CareSearch website. Results To date over 2,500 items have been included in the CareSearch database and can be accessed and searched through a publicly available website. Nearly 2,000 items are conference abstracts and 178 are theses or government, organisational and planning documents. A further 410 items relate to articles from palliative journals that are not indexed on a major bibliographic database. The website also provides tools and facilities to support palliative care practice and research. Conclusion CareSearch is a new evidence resource for palliative practitioners, educators and researchers. The palliative community now has access to a more comprehensive literature base as well as a resource that supports the integration of knowledge into practice. This specialised data repository enables users to access information on the body of work that has shaped palliative care development and prevents the potential loss or duplication of research work. It also provides a template for other emerging disciplines to use in capturing their literature and evidence.

  18. Research & writing basics: elements of the abstract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krasner, D; Van Rijswijk, L

    1995-04-01

    Writing an abstract is a challenging skill that requires precision and care. Criteria for well-formulated abstracts and abstract guidelines for 2 types of articles (empirical studies and reviews or theoretical articles) as well as a description of the content of a structured abstract are presented. Details were gleaned from a review of the literature including the American Medical Association Manual of Style, Eighth Edition and the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Fourth Edition. A good abstract is like a crystal: it is a clear, sharp synthesis that elucidates meaning for the reader.

  19. Abstract thinking following severe traumatic brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherzer, B P; Charbonneau, S; Solomon, C R; Lepore, F

    1993-01-01

    Abstract abilities were studied in a sample of 34 individuals with severe TBI and a control group. The results indicate that TBI interferes with performance on tests requiring individuals to process information into new categories. There appears to be a dissociation between verbal abstract abilities and visual-perceptual abstract abilities. There is evidence that Goldstein and Sheerer's [1] postulate of a general 'abstract attitude' was at least partially correct. This attitude does not appear to be related to a general verbal ideational process, as dysphasic subjects were only deficient on a purely verbal abstract task.

  20. Automata Learning through Counterexample Guided Abstraction Refinement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aarts, Fides; Heidarian, Faranak; Kuppens, Harco

    2012-01-01

    Abstraction is the key when learning behavioral models of realistic systems. Hence, in most practical applications where automata learning is used to construct models of software components, researchers manually define abstractions which, depending on the history, map a large set of concrete events...... automatically – models of several realistic software components, including the biometric passport and the SIP protocol....... are allowed. Our approach uses counterexample-guided abstraction refinement: whenever the current abstraction is too coarse and induces nondeterministic behavior, the abstraction is refined automatically. Using Tomte, a prototype tool implementing our algorithm, we have succeeded to learn – fully...

  1. Performance Simulations of Moving Target Search Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter K. K. Loh

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The design of appropriate moving target search (MTS algorithms for computer-generated bots poses serious challenges as they have to satisfy stringent requirements that include computation and execution efficiency. In this paper, we investigate the performance and behaviour of existing moving target search algorithms when applied to search-and-capture gaming scenarios. As part of the investigation, we also introduce a novel algorithm known as abstraction MTS. We conduct performance simulations with a game bot and moving target within randomly generated mazes of increasing sizes and reveal that abstraction MTS exhibits competitive performance even with large problem spaces.

  2. The Assessment of School Climate: Review and Appraisal of Published Student-Report Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramelow, Daniela; Currie, Dorothy; Felder-Puig, Rosemarie

    2015-01-01

    School climate measurement is a long-standing topic in educational research. This review article provides an overview and appraisal of school climate measures published between 2003 and 2013 in scientific journals. A search for published school climate instruments for secondary school students was made in three databases. Twelve articles meeting…

  3. Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis: risk factors suggested from Japanese published cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsushima, Y; Kanal, E; Thomsen, H S

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this article is to review the published cases of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) in Japan. The Japanese medical literature database and MedLine were searched using the keywords NSF and nephrogenic fibrosing dermopathy (January 2000 to March 2009). Reports in peer-reviewed journals...... of knowledge about the possible association between GBCA and NSF. NSF is found among Japanese end-stage renal failure patients even after examinations using a single dose....

  4. Publishing trends for the Cycadales, the most threatened plant group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    April N. Cascasan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Trends in published cycad research within various fields of study were determined using proceedings from international conferences on cycad biology and Google Scholar to access the primary literature.  Both search methods indicated that phylogeny, systematics and ecology are strongly represented in recent cycad literature, while there is a need for more research in horticulture and pathology, reviews and clarification of correspondence between current and discontinued species designations.  

  5. 2013 SYR Accepted Poster Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    SYR 2013 Accepted Poster abstracts: 1. Benefits of Yoga as a Wellness Practice in a Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Care Setting: If You Build It, Will They Come? 2. Yoga-based Psychotherapy Group With Urban Youth Exposed to Trauma. 3. Embodied Health: The Effects of a Mind�Body Course for Medical Students. 4. Interoceptive Awareness and Vegetable Intake After a Yoga and Stress Management Intervention. 5. Yoga Reduces Performance Anxiety in Adolescent Musicians. 6. Designing and Implementing a Therapeutic Yoga Program for Older Women With Knee Osteoarthritis. 7. Yoga and Life Skills Eating Disorder Prevention Among 5th Grade Females: A Controlled Trial. 8. A Randomized, Controlled Trial Comparing the Impact of Yoga and Physical Education on the Emotional and Behavioral Functioning of Middle School Children. 9. Feasibility of a Multisite, Community based Randomized Study of Yoga and Wellness Education for Women With Breast Cancer Undergoing Chemotherapy. 10. A Delphi Study for the Development of Protocol Guidelines for Yoga Interventions in Mental Health. 11. Impact Investigation of Breathwalk Daily Practice: Canada�India Collaborative Study. 12. Yoga Improves Distress, Fatigue, and Insomnia in Older Veteran Cancer Survivors: Results of a Pilot Study. 13. Assessment of Kundalini Mantra and Meditation as an Adjunctive Treatment With Mental Health Consumers. 14. Kundalini Yoga Therapy Versus Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Co-Occurring Mood Disorder. 15. Baseline Differences in Women Versus Men Initiating Yoga Programs to Aid Smoking Cessation: Quitting in Balance Versus QuitStrong. 16. Pranayam Practice: Impact on Focus and Everyday Life of Work and Relationships. 17. Participation in a Tailored Yoga Program is Associated With Improved Physical Health in Persons With Arthritis. 18. Effects of Yoga on Blood Pressure: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. 19. A Quasi-experimental Trial of a Yoga based Intervention to Reduce Stress and

  6. Publishing papers in international journals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ INTRODUCTIONThere is increasing pressure for scientists in all countries, including China,to publish their research in international journals.This is necessary for personal careers,as well as for the reputations of universities and other research organizations.Additionally,with the continued growth in international scientific research and the speed with which advances are being made,and active and successful researcher needs to take part in the global circulation of results and information on new technologies.

  7. Beyond captions: linking figures with abstract sentences in biomedical articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bockhorst, Joseph P; Conroy, John M; Agarwal, Shashank; O'Leary, Dianne P; Yu, Hong

    2012-01-01

    Although figures in scientific articles have high information content and concisely communicate many key research findings, they are currently under utilized by literature search and retrieval systems. Many systems ignore figures, and those that do not typically only consider caption text. This study describes and evaluates a fully automated approach for associating figures in the body of a biomedical article with sentences in its abstract. We use supervised methods to learn probabilistic language models, hidden Markov models, and conditional random fields for predicting associations between abstract sentences and figures. Three kinds of evidence are used: text in abstract sentences and figures, relative positions of sentences and figures, and the patterns of sentence/figure associations across an article. Each information source is shown to have predictive value, and models that use all kinds of evidence are more accurate than models that do not. Our most accurate method has an F1-score of 69% on a cross-validation experiment, is competitive with the accuracy of human experts, has significantly better predictive accuracy than state-of-the-art methods and enables users to access figures associated with an abstract sentence with an average of 1.82 fewer mouse clicks. A user evaluation shows that human users find our system beneficial. The system is available at http://FigureItOut.askHERMES.org.

  8. Towards Identify Selective Antibacterial Peptides Based on Abstracts Meaning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana I. Barbosa-Santillán

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We present an Identify Selective Antibacterial Peptides (ISAP approach based on abstracts meaning. Laboratories and researchers have significantly increased the report of their discoveries related to antibacterial peptides in primary publications. It is important to find antibacterial peptides that have been reported in primary publications because they can produce antibiotics of different generations that attack and destroy the bacteria. Unfortunately, researchers used heterogeneous forms of natural language to describe their discoveries (sometimes without the sequence of the peptides. Thus, we propose that learning the words meaning instead of the antibacterial peptides sequence is possible to identify and predict antibacterial peptides reported in the PubMed engine. The ISAP approach consists of two stages: training and discovering. ISAP founds that the 35% of the abstracts sample had antibacterial peptides and we tested in the updated Antimicrobial Peptide Database 2 (APD2. ISAP predicted that 45% of the abstracts had antibacterial peptides. That is, ISAP found that 810 antibacterial peptides were not classified like that, so they are not reported in APD2. As a result, this new search tool would complement the APD2 with a set of peptides that are candidates to be antibacterial. Finally, 20% of the abstracts were not semantic related to APD2.

  9. Towards Identify Selective Antibacterial Peptides Based on Abstracts Meaning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa-Santillán, Liliana I.; Sánchez-Escobar, Juan J.; Calixto-Romo, M. Angeles; Barbosa-Santillán, Luis F.

    2016-01-01

    We present an Identify Selective Antibacterial Peptides (ISAP) approach based on abstracts meaning. Laboratories and researchers have significantly increased the report of their discoveries related to antibacterial peptides in primary publications. It is important to find antibacterial peptides that have been reported in primary publications because they can produce antibiotics of different generations that attack and destroy the bacteria. Unfortunately, researchers used heterogeneous forms of natural language to describe their discoveries (sometimes without the sequence of the peptides). Thus, we propose that learning the words meaning instead of the antibacterial peptides sequence is possible to identify and predict antibacterial peptides reported in the PubMed engine. The ISAP approach consists of two stages: training and discovering. ISAP founds that the 35% of the abstracts sample had antibacterial peptides and we tested in the updated Antimicrobial Peptide Database 2 (APD2). ISAP predicted that 45% of the abstracts had antibacterial peptides. That is, ISAP found that 810 antibacterial peptides were not classified like that, so they are not reported in APD2. As a result, this new search tool would complement the APD2 with a set of peptides that are candidates to be antibacterial. Finally, 20% of the abstracts were not semantic related to APD2. PMID:27366202

  10. Beyond captions: linking figures with abstract sentences in biomedical articles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph P Bockhorst

    Full Text Available Although figures in scientific articles have high information content and concisely communicate many key research findings, they are currently under utilized by literature search and retrieval systems. Many systems ignore figures, and those that do not typically only consider caption text. This study describes and evaluates a fully automated approach for associating figures in the body of a biomedical article with sentences in its abstract. We use supervised methods to learn probabilistic language models, hidden Markov models, and conditional random fields for predicting associations between abstract sentences and figures. Three kinds of evidence are used: text in abstract sentences and figures, relative positions of sentences and figures, and the patterns of sentence/figure associations across an article. Each information source is shown to have predictive value, and models that use all kinds of evidence are more accurate than models that do not. Our most accurate method has an F1-score of 69% on a cross-validation experiment, is competitive with the accuracy of human experts, has significantly better predictive accuracy than state-of-the-art methods and enables users to access figures associated with an abstract sentence with an average of 1.82 fewer mouse clicks. A user evaluation shows that human users find our system beneficial. The system is available at http://FigureItOut.askHERMES.org.

  11. Bibliometric study of articles published in a Brazilian journal of pediatric dentistry

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    This cross-sectional study aimed at evaluating the abstracts of all articles published in the "Jornal Brasileiro de Odontopediatria e Odontologia do Bebê" in order to collect data on the study design used, the most researched topics and the Brazilian states with the highest scientific production. Copies were made of the abstracts of each article, totaling 572 abstracts. Data categorization was done by two trained and independent reviewers. The results showed that the most used study design we...

  12. ABSTRACTS WELDEL PIPE AND TUBE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    ABSTRACTS WELDEL PIPE AND TUBE Vol.24 No.3 May.2001 Huang Jingan(1) Strengthen, Intercourse, Coordination and Promote the Development Together Liang Aiyu(11) The Production and the Development of the Water supply pipe for City Construction From the aspects of the quality, appearance, environment protection, economic analysis etc., This article evaluates the galvanized pipe, plastic steel complex pipe, plastic aluminum pipe, stainless pipe for city water supply. In accordance with the requirements of the city construction programming and development, it is considered that the plastic aluminum pipe and plastic steel pipe instead of galvanization pipe is the trend of the development. The author also gives some constructive proposals for reference. Subject Terms:galvanized pipe complex pipe stainless pipe city water supply evaluation Zhao Rongbin,Li Guangjun(14) The TIG welding of Protected Tantalum-pipe for sheathed thermocouples used in corrosive environment The protected Tantalum-pipe welding of sheathed therocouples was investigated by TIG. The welding process and its key parameters were introduced. Welding quality influenced by processing was discussed. Subject Terms:welding protected Tantalum-pipe corrosion He Defu et al(18) Design and Research for An Automatic MIG Welding Machine of Catalyst Converter of Automobile Two different schemes for automatic MIG welding of catalyst converter of automobile have been compared and analysed. A design of automatic MIG welding machine used for catalyst converter of automobile has been suggested in this paper. Subject Terms:environmental protection automobile tri-catalyst converter MIG welding automatic welding PLC Fang Chucai(24) Cold Crack Analysis of Low Alloy High Strength Steel Weld Seam Heat Affected Area During the welding of low alloy high strength (X65 and above), the fine crack occurs in the weld (especially inner weld) and the low plastic hard brickle structure occurs in the Heat Affected Area (HAZ) sometime. This

  13. The status and models of digital publishing

    OpenAIRE

    Cong, Ting

    2010-01-01

    This Thesis examines the current impact of digital technology upon certain aspects of the publishing industry, especially the e-book industry. It reviews the key developments in globally digital publishing and sums up several publishing models of digital contents.

  14. THE CHINA MEDICAL ABSTRACTS (Internal Medicine English Edition)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the China Medical Abstracts (Internal Medicine) is to promote international exchange of works done by the Chinese medical profession in the field of internal medicine. The papers selected from journals represent the newest and most important advances and progress in various specialities in internal medicine. With a view to exchanging rapidly with international society, from now on we’ 11 publish some Original Articles, Review Articles, Brief Reports, Medical Progress and Medical News. We sincerely hope our readers will continue to offer valuable supports so that we will be better able to meet your needs.

  15. Towards mainstreaming of biodiversity data publishing: recommendations of the GBIF Data Publishing Framework Task Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moritz Tom

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Data are the evidentiary basis for scientific hypotheses, analyses and publication, for policy formation and for decision-making. They are essential to the evaluation and testing of results by peer scientists both present and future. There is broad consensus in the scientific and conservation communities that data should be freely, openly available in a sustained, persistent and secure way, and thus standards for 'free' and 'open' access to data have become well developed in recent years. The question of effective access to data remains highly problematic. Discussion Specifically with respect to scientific publishing, the ability to critically evaluate a published scientific hypothesis or scientific report is contingent on the examination, analysis, evaluation - and if feasible - on the re-generation of data on which conclusions are based. It is not coincidental that in the recent 'climategate' controversies, the quality and integrity of data and their analytical treatment were central to the debate. There is recent evidence that even when scientific data are requested for evaluation they may not be available. The history of dissemination of scientific results has been marked by paradigm shifts driven by the emergence of new technologies. In recent decades, the advance of computer-based technology linked to global communications networks has created the potential for broader and more consistent dissemination of scientific information and data. Yet, in this digital era, scientists and conservationists, organizations and institutions have often been slow to make data available. Community studies suggest that the withholding of data can be attributed to a lack of awareness, to a lack of technical capacity, to concerns that data should be withheld for reasons of perceived personal or organizational self interest, or to lack of adequate mechanisms for attribution. Conclusions There is a clear need for institutionalization of a

  16. Internet Search Engines

    OpenAIRE

    Fatmaa El Zahraa Mohamed Abdou

    2004-01-01

    A general study about the internet search engines, the study deals main 7 points; the differance between search engines and search directories, components of search engines, the percentage of sites covered by search engines, cataloging of sites, the needed time for sites appearance in search engines, search capabilities, and types of search engines.

  17. Internet Search Engines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatmaa El Zahraa Mohamed Abdou

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available A general study about the internet search engines, the study deals main 7 points; the differance between search engines and search directories, components of search engines, the percentage of sites covered by search engines, cataloging of sites, the needed time for sites appearance in search engines, search capabilities, and types of search engines.

  18. Developing optimal search strategies for detecting clinically sound prognostic studies in MEDLINE: an analytic survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haynes R Brian

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical end users of MEDLINE have a difficult time retrieving articles that are both scientifically sound and directly relevant to clinical practice. Search filters have been developed to assist end users in increasing the success of their searches. Many filters have been developed for the literature on therapy and reviews but little has been done in the area of prognosis. The objective of this study is to determine how well various methodologic textwords, Medical Subject Headings, and their Boolean combinations retrieve methodologically sound literature on the prognosis of health disorders in MEDLINE. Methods An analytic survey was conducted, comparing hand searches of journals with retrievals from MEDLINE for candidate search terms and combinations. Six research assistants read all issues of 161 journals for the publishing year 2000. All articles were rated using purpose and quality indicators and categorized into clinically relevant original studies, review articles, general papers, or case reports. The original and review articles were then categorized as 'pass' or 'fail' for methodologic rigor in the areas of prognosis and other clinical topics. Candidate search strategies were developed for prognosis and run in MEDLINE – the retrievals being compared with the hand search data. The sensitivity, specificity, precision, and accuracy of the search strategies were calculated. Results 12% of studies classified as prognosis met basic criteria for scientific merit for testing clinical applications. Combinations of terms reached peak sensitivities of 90%. Compared with the best single term, multiple terms increased sensitivity for sound studies by 25.2% (absolute increase, and increased specificity, but by a much smaller amount (1.1% when sensitivity was maximized. Combining terms to optimize both sensitivity and specificity achieved sensitivities and specificities of approximately 83% for each. Conclusion Empirically derived

  19. Ernst H. Gombrich on Abstract Painting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Caldarola

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Ernst H. Gombrich criticized abstract painting with several remarks scattered around his wide oeuvre. I argue that his view of abstract paintings is coherent with the account of pictorial representation he put forward in Art and Illusion, show some limits of such view, and maintain that, although several of Gombrich’s criticisms of abstract painting should be rejected, some of his remarks are insightful and worth of consideration.

  20. Abstract Acceleration of General Linear Loops

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    International audience; We present abstract acceleration techniques for computing loop invariants for numerical programs with linear assignments and conditionals. Whereas abstract interpretation techniques typically over-approximate the set of reachable states iteratively, abstract acceleration captures the effect of the loop with a single, non-iterative transfer function applied to the initial states at the loop head. In contrast to previous acceleration techniques, our approach applies to a...

  1. Ernst H. Gombrich on Abstract Painting

    OpenAIRE

    Elisa Caldarola

    2015-01-01

    Ernst H. Gombrich criticized abstract painting with several remarks scattered around his wide oeuvre. I argue that his view of abstract paintings is coherent with the account of pictorial representation he put forward in Art and Illusion, show some limits of such view, and maintain that, although several of Gombrich’s criticisms of abstract painting should be rejected, some of his remarks are insightful and worth of consideration.

  2. An Analysis of Dissertation Abstracts In Terms Of Translation Errors and Academic Discourse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canan TERZI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at evaluating English abstracts of MA and PhD dissertations published in Turkish language and identifying translation errors and problems concerning academic style and discourse. In this study, a random selection of MA and PhD dissertation abstracts both from the dissertations of Turkish speaking researchers and English-speaking researchers were used. The corpus consists of 90 abstracts of MA and PhD dissertations. The abstracts of these dissertations were analyzed in terms of problems stemming from translation issues and academic discourse and style. The findings indicated that Turkish-speaking researchers rely on their translation skills while writing their abstracts in English. Contrary to initial expectations, the results of the analysis of rhetorical moves did not indicate great differences in terms of the move structures, from which we concluded that there might be some universally accepted and attended rhetorical structure in dissertation abstracts.

  3. Open access to scientific publishing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janne Beate Reitan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Interest in open access (OA to scientific publications is steadily increasing, both in Norway and internationally. From the outset, FORMakademisk has been published as a digital journal, and it was one of the first to offer OA in Norway. We have since the beginning used Open Journal Systems (OJS as publishing software. OJS is part of the Public Knowledge Project (PKP, which was created by Canadian John Willinsky and colleagues at the Faculty of Education at the University of British Columbia in 1998. The first version of OJS came as an open source software in 2001. The programme is free for everyone to use and is part of a larger collective movement wherein knowledge is shared. When FORMakademisk started in 2008, we received much help from the journal Acta Didactic (n.d. at the University of Oslo, which had started the year before us. They had also translated the programme to Norwegian. From the start, we were able to publish in both Norwegian and English. Other journals have used FORMakademisk as a model and source of inspiration when starting or when converting from subscription-based print journals to electronic OA, including the Journal of Norwegian Media Researchers [Norsk medietidsskrift]. It is in this way that the movement around PKP works and continues to grow to provide free access to research. As the articles are OA, they are also easily accessible to non-scientists. We also emphasise that the language should be readily available, although it should maintain a high scientific quality. Often there may be two sides of the same coin. We on the editorial team are now looking forward to adopting the newly developed OJS 3 this spring, with many new features and an improved design for users, including authors, peer reviewers, editors and readers.

  4. Minimalism in architecture: Abstract conceptualization of architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasilski Dragana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Minimalism in architecture contains the idea of the minimum as a leading creative tend to be considered and interpreted in working through phenomena of empathy and abstraction. In the Western culture, the root of this idea is found in empathy of Wilhelm Worringer and abstraction of Kasimir Malevich. In his dissertation, 'Abstraction and Empathy' Worringer presented his thesis on the psychology of style through which he explained the two opposing basic forms: abstraction and empathy. His conclusion on empathy as a psychological basis of observation expression is significant due to the verbal congruence with contemporary minimalist expression. His intuition was enhenced furthermore by figure of Malevich. Abstraction, as an expression of inner unfettered inspiration, has played a crucial role in the development of modern art and architecture of the twentieth century. Abstraction, which is one of the basic methods of learning in psychology (separating relevant from irrelevant features, Carl Jung is used to discover ideas. Minimalism in architecture emphasizes the level of abstraction to which the individual functions are reduced. Different types of abstraction are present: in the form as well as function of the basic elements: walls and windows. The case study is an example of Sou Fujimoto who is unequivocal in its commitment to the autonomy of abstract conceptualization of architecture.

  5. Engineering Abstractions in Model Checking and Testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achenbach, Michael; Ostermann, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    Abstractions are used in model checking to tackle problems like state space explosion or modeling of IO. The application of these abstractions in real software development processes, however, lacks engineering support. This is one reason why model checking is not widely used in practice yet...... and testing is still state of the art in falsification. We show how user-defined abstractions can be integrated into a Java PathFinder setting with tools like AspectJ or Javassist and discuss implications of remaining weaknesses of these tools. We believe that a principled engineering approach to designing...... and implementing abstractions will improve the applicability of model checking in practice....

  6. Injecting Abstract Interpretations into Linear Cost Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Cachera

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available We present a semantics based framework for analysing the quantitative behaviour of programs with regard to resource usage. We start from an operational semantics equipped with costs. The dioid structure of the set of costs allows for defining the quantitative semantics as a linear operator. We then present an abstraction technique inspired from abstract interpretation in order to effectively compute global cost information from the program. Abstraction has to take two distinct notions of order into account: the order on costs and the order on states. We show that our abstraction technique provides a correct approximation of the concrete cost computations.

  7. Analysis of complex networks using aggressive abstraction.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Colbaugh, Richard; Glass, Kristin.; Willard, Gerald

    2008-10-01

    This paper presents a new methodology for analyzing complex networks in which the network of interest is first abstracted to a much simpler (but equivalent) representation, the required analysis is performed using the abstraction, and analytic conclusions are then mapped back to the original network and interpreted there. We begin by identifying a broad and important class of complex networks which admit abstractions that are simultaneously dramatically simplifying and property preserving we call these aggressive abstractions -- and which can therefore be analyzed using the proposed approach. We then introduce and develop two forms of aggressive abstraction: 1.) finite state abstraction, in which dynamical networks with uncountable state spaces are modeled using finite state systems, and 2.) onedimensional abstraction, whereby high dimensional network dynamics are captured in a meaningful way using a single scalar variable. In each case, the property preserving nature of the abstraction process is rigorously established and efficient algorithms are presented for computing the abstraction. The considerable potential of the proposed approach to complex networks analysis is illustrated through case studies involving vulnerability analysis of technological networks and predictive analysis for social processes.

  8. Business and Organizational Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," March through November 1977 (Vol. 37 No. 9 through Vol. 38 No. 5).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This document is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 12 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: an examination of investors' understanding of auditing reports; the development and implementation of a communication audit related to selected systems concepts; the…

  9. Open Access Publishing with Drupal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina McHale

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In January 2009, the Colorado Association of Libraries (CAL suspended publication of its print quarterly journal, Colorado Libraries, as a cost-saving measure in a time of fiscal uncertainty. Printing and mailing the journal to its 1300 members cost CAL more than $26,000 per year. Publication of the journal was placed on an indefinite hiatus until the editorial staff proposed an online, open access format a year later. The benefits to migrating to open access included: significantly lower costs; a green platform; instant availability of content; a greater level of access to users with disabilities; and a higher level of visibility of the journal and the association. The editorial staff chose Drupal, including the E-journal module, and while Drupal is notorious for its steep learning curve—which exacerbated delays to content that had been created before the publishing hiatus—the fourth electronic issue was published recently at coloradolibrariesjournal.org. This article will discuss both the benefits and challenges of transitioning to an open access model and the choice Drupal as a platform over other more established journal software options.

  10. Structure and navigation for electronic publishing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tillinghast, John; Beretta, Giordano B.

    1998-01-01

    The sudden explosion of the World Wide Web as a new publication medium has given a dramatic boost to the electronic publishing industry, which previously was a limited market centered around CD-ROMs and on-line databases. While the phenomenon has parallels to the advent of the tabloid press in the middle of last century, the electronic nature of the medium brings with it the typical characteristic of 4th wave media, namely the acceleration in its propagation speed and the volume of information. Consequently, e-publications are even flatter than print media; Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet share the same computer screen with a home-made plagiarized copy of Deep Throat. The most touted tool for locating useful information on the World Wide Web is the search engine. However, due to the medium's flatness, sought information is drowned in a sea of useless information. A better solution is to build tools that allow authors to structure information so that it can easily be navigated. We experimented with the use of ontologies as a tool to formulate structures for information about a specific topic, so that related concepts are placed in adjacent locations and can easily be navigated using simple and ergonomic user models. We describe our effort in building a World Wide Web based photo album that is shared among a small network of people.

  11. The fundamental theory of abstract majorization inequalities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG DingHua

    2009-01-01

    Using the axiomatic method,abstract concepts such as abstract mean,abstract convex function and abstract majorization are proposed.They are the generalizations of concepts of mean,convex function and majorization,respectively.Through the logical deduction,the fundamental theorems about abstract majorization inequalities are established as follows:for arbitrary abstract mean ∑ and ∑',and abstract ∑→∑' strict convex function f(x) on the interval I,if xi,yi ∈ I(i = 1,2,...,n) satisfy that (x1,x2,...,xn) <∑n (y1,y2,...,yn),then ∑'{f(x1),f(x2),...,f(xn)}≥∑'{f(y1),f(y2),...,f(yn)}.This class of inequalities extends and generalizes the fundamental theorem of majorization inequalities.Moreover,concepts such as abstract vector mean are proposed,the fundamental theorems about abstract majorization inequalities are generalized to n-dimensional vector space.The fundamental theorem of majorization inequalities about the abstract vector mean are established as follows:for arbitrary symmetrical convex set S (∪) Rn,and n-variable abstract symmetrical -∑→∑' strict convex function ψ(-x) on S,if -x,-y ∈ S,satisfy -x<∑n-Y,then ψ(-x) ≥ψ(-y);if vector group -xi,-yi∈S (i = 1,2,...,m) satisfy {-x1,-x2,...,-xm}<-∑n{-y1,-y2,...,-ym},then ∑'{ψ(-x1),ψ(-x2),...,ψ(-xm)}≥∑'{ψ(-y1),ψ(-y2),...,ψ(-ym)}.

  12. The fundamental theory of abstract majorization inequalities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Using the axiomatic method,abstract concepts such as abstract mean, abstract convex function and abstract majorization are proposed. They are the generalizations of concepts of mean, convex function and majorization, respectively. Through the logical deduction, the fundamental theorems about abstract majorization inequalities are established as follows: for arbitrary abstract mean Σ and Σ , and abstract Σ→Σ strict convex function f(x) on the interval I, if xi, yi ∈ I (i = 1, 2, . . . , n) satisfy that (x1, x2, . . . , xn) abstract vector mean are proposed, the fundamental theorems about abstract majorization inequalities are generalized to n-dimensional vector space. The fundamental theorem of majorization inequalities about the abstract vector mean are established as follows: for arbitrary symmetrical convex set S  Rn, and n-variable abstract symmetrical Σ→Σ strict convex function φ() on S, if , ■∈S satisfy nΣ■, then φ() 〈(■); if vector group i, ■i∈ S (i = 1, 2, . . . , m) satisfy {1, 2, . . . , m} 〈Σn {■1, ■2, . . . , ■m}, then Σ {φ(1), φ(2), . . . , φ(m)} Σ {φ(■1), φ(■2), . . . , φ(■m)}.

  13. Abstracts from the 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Canadian Geriatrics Society Quebec City, April 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Morin, S.; Finch, L.; Sara', A; Muir, Susan; Montero-Odasso, Manuel; Kennedy, C. C.; Giangregorio, L. M.; Adachi, J. D.; Morin, S.N.; Crilly, R G; Marr, S; Josse, R G; Matta, J.; Dionne, I.; Payette, H

    2012-01-01

    The opinions expressed in the abstracts are those of the authors and are not to be construed as the opinion of the publisher (Canadian Geriatrics Society) or the organizers of the 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Canadian Geriatrics Society. Although the publisher (Canadian Geriatrics Society) has made every effort to accurately reproduce the abstracts, the Canadian Geriatrics Society and the 32nd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Canadian Geriatrics Society assumes no responsibility and/...

  14. The Once and Future Publishing Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okerson, Ann; Holzman, Alex

    2015-01-01

    The report explores the revitalization of library publishing and its possible future, and examines elements that influence the success and sustainability of library publishing initiatives. The authors trace the history of library publishing and factors that have transformed the publishing landscape, and describe several significant library-press…

  15. Retrieval comparison of EndNote to search MEDLINE (Ovid and PubMed) versus searching them directly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gall, Carole; Brahmi, Frances A

    2004-01-01

    Using EndNote version 7.0, the authors tested the search capabilities of the EndNote search engine for retrieving citations from MEDLINE for importation into EndNote, a citation management software package. Ovid MEDLINE and PubMed were selected for the comparison. Several searches were performed on Ovid MEDLINE and PubMed using EndNote as the search engine, and the same searches were run on both Ovid and PubMed directly. Findings indicate that it is preferable to search MEDLINE directly rather than using EndNote. The publishers of EndNote do warn its users about the limitations of their product as a search engine when searching external databases. In this article, the limitations of EndNote as a search engine for searching MEDLINE were explored as related to MeSH, non-MeSH, citation verification, and author searching.

  16. Developing Creativity and Abstraction in Representing Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    South, Andy

    2012-01-01

    Creating charts and graphs is all about visual abstraction: the process of representing aspects of data with imagery that can be interpreted by the reader. Children may need help making the link between the "real" and the image. This abstraction can be achieved using symbols, size, colour and position. Where the representation is close to what…

  17. Bounded Rationality of Generalized Abstract Fuzzy Economies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available By using a nonlinear scalarization technique, the bounded rationality model M for generalized abstract fuzzy economies in finite continuous spaces is established. Furthermore, by using the model M, some new theorems for structural stability and robustness to (λ,ϵ-equilibria of generalized abstract fuzzy economies are proved.

  18. Self-Concept Development: An Abstract Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremer, Barbara, Comp.

    This bibliography with abstracts has been compiled from documents in the ERIC microfiche collection and from journal literature. The abstracts of selected documents have been taken from "Research in Education" and journal citations have been taken from the "Current Index to Journals in Education." The material contained in the…

  19. Abstracts of Selected Management Training Evaluations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gast, Ilene

    Intended for evaluators--whether trainers, psychologists, management consultants or professors--this bibliography samples findings in management training evaluation between 1953 and 1975. It contains 28 abstracts of representative articles from journals in applied psychology and personnel management. Each abstract is a one-half to one-page…

  20. Tour the Galaxy of the Abstract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Patricia

    2003-01-01

    Describes an abstract art unit in which students in an introductory art course created abstract art inspired by the work of M. C. Escher. Explains that some students are unsure of their drawing ability. States this unit helps them overcome their fears. (CMK)

  1. Interactional Metadiscourse in Research Article Abstracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillaerts, Paul; Van de Velde, Freek

    2010-01-01

    This paper deals with interpersonality in research article abstracts analysed in terms of interactional metadiscourse. The evolution in the distribution of three prominent interactional markers comprised in Hyland's (2005a) model, viz. hedges, boosters and attitude markers, is investigated in three decades of abstract writing in the field of…

  2. Abstraction Power in Computer Science Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Jens Benned; Caspersen, Michael Edelgaard

    2006-01-01

    The paper is a discussion of the hypothesis that a person’s abstraction power (or ability) has a positive influence on their ability to program.......The paper is a discussion of the hypothesis that a person’s abstraction power (or ability) has a positive influence on their ability to program....

  3. A study of Web search trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard J. Jansen

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This article provides an overview of recent research conducted from 1997 to 2003 that explored how people search the Web. The article reports selected findings from many research studies conducted by the co-authors of the paper from 1997 to 2003 using large-scale Web query transaction logs provided by commercial Web companies, including Excite, Alta Vista, Ask Jeeves, and AlltheWeb.com. The many studies are also synthesized in the recent book "Web Search: Public Searching of the Web" by Amanda Spink and Bernard J. Jansen (Kluwer Academic Publishers. The researchers examined the topics of Web searches; how users search the Web using terms in queries during search sessions; and the diverse types of searches, including medical, sex, e-commerce, multimedia, etc. information. Key findings include changes in search topics since 1997, including a shift from entertainment to e-commerce queries. Further findings show little change in many aspects of Web searching from 1997-2003, including query and search session length. The studies also show more complex Web search behaviors by a minority of users who conduct multitasking and successive searches.

  4. Text-mining of PubMed abstracts by natural language processing to create a public knowledge base on molecular mechanisms of bacterial enteropathogens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perna Nicole T

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Enteropathogen Resource Integration Center (ERIC; http://www.ericbrc.org has a goal of providing bioinformatics support for the scientific community researching enteropathogenic bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. Rapid and accurate identification of experimental conclusions from the scientific literature is critical to support research in this field. Natural Language Processing (NLP, and in particular Information Extraction (IE technology, can be a significant aid to this process. Description We have trained a powerful, state-of-the-art IE technology on a corpus of abstracts from the microbial literature in PubMed to automatically identify and categorize biologically relevant entities and predicative relations. These relations include: Genes/Gene Products and their Roles; Gene Mutations and the resulting Phenotypes; and Organisms and their associated Pathogenicity. Evaluations on blind datasets show an F-measure average of greater than 90% for entities (genes, operons, etc. and over 70% for relations (gene/gene product to role, etc. This IE capability, combined with text indexing and relational database technologies, constitute the core of our recently deployed text mining application. Conclusion Our Text Mining application is available online on the ERIC website http://www.ericbrc.org/portal/eric/articles. The information retrieval interface displays a list of recently published enteropathogen literature abstracts, and also provides a search interface to execute custom queries by keyword, date range, etc. Upon selection, processed abstracts and the entities and relations extracted from them are retrieved from a relational database and marked up to highlight the entities and relations. The abstract also provides links from extracted genes and gene products to the ERIC Annotations database, thus providing access to comprehensive genomic annotations and adding value to both the text-mining and annotations

  5. Published papers on telepathology projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadrieh Hajesmaeel-Gohari

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Although many studies have been conducted in the telepathology field in recent years, a systematic review that examines studies in a comparative manner has not yet been undertaken. This paper aims to review the published papers on telepathology projects and compare them in several aspects such as telepathology method,telecommunication method, clinical outcome, etc. Method: This is a systematic review study. PubMed database was used to find the studies published in the past ten years (2004–2014. The 71 final related papers were evaluated. Data were extracted from these studies based on the following items: country, national (in country or international (between countries, frozen section or slide, body part, type of camera used, telecommunication method, telepathology method, clinical outcome, cost evaluation, satisfaction evaluation and the description of consultation providers and receivers. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis. Results: Results showed that most of the studies were performed in developed countries on a national level, on slide and on a specific body part. In most studies, a Nikon camera was used to take images. Online methods were the most used telecommunication method in the studies, while store and forward was the most used telepathology method. Clinical outcome of many studies showed that telepathology is a reliable and accurate method for consultation. More than half of the studies considered the cost, and most of them showed that a telepathology system is cost effective. Few studies evaluated satisfaction of the participants. In most studies, the telepathology project was undertaken between pathologists. Conclusion: Although there is enough evidence to suggest that telepathology is an effective way of consultation between pathologists, there are still some areas that should be addressed and for which there is a lack of convincing evidence. For example, pathologist satisfaction, cost evaluation

  6. Use of recommended search strategies in systematic reviews and the impact of librarian involvement: a cross-sectional survey of recent authors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan B Koffel

    Full Text Available Previous research looking at published systematic reviews has shown that their search strategies are often suboptimal and that librarian involvement, though recommended, is low. Confidence in the results, however, is limited due to poor reporting of search strategies the published articles.To more accurately measure the use of recommended search methods in systematic reviews, the levels of librarian involvement, and whether librarian involvement predicts the use of recommended methods.A survey was sent to all authors of English-language systematic reviews indexed in the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE from January 2012 through January 2014. The survey asked about their use of search methods recommended by the Institute of Medicine, Cochrane Collaboration, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and if and how a librarian was involved in the systematic review. Rates of use of recommended methods and librarian involvement were summarized. The impact of librarian involvement on use of recommended methods was examined using a multivariate logistic regression.1560 authors completed the survey. Use of recommended search methods ranged widely from 98% for use of keywords to 9% for registration in PROSPERO and were generally higher than in previous studies. 51% of studies involved a librarian, but only 64% acknowledge their assistance. Librarian involvement was significantly associated with the use of 65% of recommended search methods after controlling for other potential predictors. Odds ratios ranged from 1.36 (95% CI 1.06 to 1.75 for including multiple languages to 3.07 (95% CI 2.06 to 4.58 for using controlled vocabulary.Use of recommended search strategies is higher than previously reported, but many methods are still under-utilized. Librarian involvement predicts the use of most methods, but their involvement is under-reported within the published article.

  7. Mediumship: review of quantitatives studies published in the 21st century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Aurélio Vinhosa Bastos Jr.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Mediumship can be defined as the alleged ability to communicate with deceased persons. The last decade has been particularly productive for this field of research and the study of mediumship can help the understanding of the human mind-brain relationship and provide objective data to the scientific community and to the general population. Objective The aim of this review is to summarize and discuss the results found on recent studies investigating mediumship. Furthermore, we aim to discuss the psychophysiology underlying mediumship and future perspectives for this study topic. Methods A literature search for articles in English, Portuguese and Spanish published from January 2000 up to June 2015 was conducted using three electronic databases (PubMed, Lilacs and Web of Science. Review articles, qualitative studies and studies investigating altered states of consciousness caused by psychoactive substances were excluded. The original search returned 150 articles, but the application of exclusion criteria resulted in the inclusion of 19 articles for final analysis. Results The general findings were: (1 an association of mediumship with good mental health, predominantly in experienced mediums, (2 heterogeneous findings regarding the ability of mediums to provide accurate information what may be due to different study methodologies and (3 incipient studies assessing physiological correlations during mediumistic communications (i.e. hypoactivation of brain regions responsible for cognitive processing and writing planning during psychography compared to a control task; electroencephalographic (EEG changes and a slight predominance of the sympathetic nervous system. Discussion There is a paucity of empirical data available in this controversial research field. New studies employing rigorous design (e.g.triple-blind protocols to test accuracy of mediumistic communications, and sensitive methods are required.

  8. Search for $\

    OpenAIRE

    Astier, P.; Autiero, D.; Baldisseri, A.; Baldo-Ceolin, M.; Banner, M.; Bassompierre, G.; Benslama, K.; Besson, N.; Bird, I.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bobisut, F.; J. Bouchez; Boyd, S.; A. Bueno; Bunyatov, S.

    2003-01-01

    Neutrinos; We present the results of a search for nu_mu → nu_e oscillations in the NOMAD experiment at Cern. The experiment looked for the appearance of nu_e in a predominantly nu_mu wide-band neutrino beam at the CERN SPS. No evidence for oscillations was found. The 90% confidence limits obtained are Delta m^2 ~ 10 eV^2.

  9. Search for $\

    CERN Document Server

    Astier, Pierre; Baldisseri, Alberto; Baldo-Ceolin, Massimilla; Banner, M; Bassompierre, Gabriel; Benslama, K; Besson, N; Bird, I; Blumenfeld, B; Bobisut, F; Bouchez, J; Boyd, S; Bueno, A G; Bunyatov, S A; Camilleri, L L; Cardini, A; Cattaneo, Paolo Walter; Cavasinni, V; Cervera-Villanueva, A; Challis, R C; Chukanov, A; Collazuol, G; Conforto, G; Conta, C; Contalbrigo, M; Cousins, R D; Daniels, D; De Santo, A; Degaudenzi, H M; Del Prete, T; Di Lella, L; Dignan, T; Dumarchez, J; Feldman, G J; Ferrari, A; Ferrari, R; Ferrère, D; Flaminio, Vincenzo; Fraternali, M; Gaillard, J M; Gangler, E; Geiser, A; Geppert, D; Gibin, D; Gninenko, S N; Godley, A; Gosset, J; Gouanère, M; Grant, A; Graziani, G; Guglielmi, A M; Gómez-Cadenas, J J; Gössling, C; Hagner, C; Hernando, J; Hong, T M; Hubbard, D B; Hurst, P; Hyett, N; Iacopini, E; Joseph, C L; Juget, F R; Kent, N; Kirsanov, M M; Klimov, O; Kokkonen, J; Kovzelev, A; Krasnoperov, A V; Kustov, D; La Rotonda, L; Lacaprara, S; Lachaud, C; Lakic, B; Lanza, A; Laveder, M; Letessier-Selvon, A A; Linssen, Lucie; Ljubicic, A; Long, J; Lupi, A; Lévy, J M; Marchionni, A; Martelli, F; Mendiburu, J P; Meyer, J P; Mezzetto, Mauro; Mishra, S R; Moorhead, G F; Méchain, X; Naumov, D V; Nefedov, Yu A; Nguyen-Mau, C; Nédélec, P; Orestano, D; Pastore, F; Peak, L S; Pennacchio, E; Pessard, H; Petti, R; Placci, A; Polesello, G; Pollmann, D; Polyarush, A Yu; Popov, B; Poulsen, C; Rebuffi, L; Renò, R; Rico, J; Riemann, P; Roda, C; Rubbia, André; Salvatore, F; Schahmaneche, K; Schmidt, B; Schmidt, T; Sconza, A; Sevior, M E; Shih, D; Sillou, D; Soler, F J P; Sozzi, G; Steele, D; Stiegler, U; Stipcevic, M; Stolarczyk, T; Tareb-Reyes, M; Taylor, G N; Tereshchenko, V V; Toropin, A N; Touchard, A M; Tovey, Stuart N; Tran, M T; Tsesmelis, E; Ulrichs, J; Vacavant, L; Valdata-Nappi, M; Valuev, V Yu; Vannucci, François; Varvell, K E; Veltri, M; Vercesi, V; Vidal-Sitjes, G; Vieira, J M; Vinogradova, T G; Weber, F V; Weisse, T; Wilson, F F; Winton, L J; Yabsley, B D; Zaccone, Henri; Zuber, K; Zuccon, P; do Couto e Silva, E

    2003-01-01

    We present the results of a search for nu_mu → nu_e oscillations in the NOMAD experiment at Cern. The experiment looked for the appearance of nu_e in a predominantly nu_mu wide-band neutrino beam at the CERN SPS. No evidence for oscillations was found. The 90% confidence limits obtained are Delta m^2 ~ 10 eV^2.

  10. Search for $\

    CERN Document Server

    Astier, Pierre; Baldisseri, Alberto; Baldo-Ceolin, Massimilla; Banner, M; Bassompierre, Gabriel; Benslama, K; Besson, N; Bird, I; Blumenfeld, B; Bobisut, F; Bouchez, J; Boyd, S; Bueno, A G; Bunyatov, S; Camilleri, L L; Cardini, A; Cattaneo, Paolo Walter; Cavasinni, V; Cervera-Villanueva, A; Challis, R C; Chukanov, A; Collazuol, G; Conforto, G; Conta, C; Contalbrigo, M; Cousins, R; Daniels, D; Degaudenzi, H M; Del Prete, T; De Santo, A; Dignan, T; Di Lella, L; do Couto e Silva, E; Dumarchez, J; Ellis, M; Feldman, G J; Ferrari, R; Ferrère, D; Flaminio, Vincenzo; Fraternali, M; Gaillard, J M; Gangler, E; Geiser, A; Geppert, D; Gibin, D; Gninenko, S N; Godley, A; Gómez-Cadenas, J J; Gosset, J; Gössling, C; Gouanère, M; Grant, A; Graziani, G; Guglielmi, A M; Hagner, C; Hernando, J A; Hubbard, D B; Hurst, P; Hyett, N; Iacopini, E; Joseph, C L; Juget, F R; Kent, N; Kirsanov, M M; Klimov, O; Kokkonen, J; Kovzelev, A; Krasnoperov, A V; Kustov, D; Lacaprara, S; Lachaud, C; Lakic, B; Lanza, A; La Rotonda, L; Laveder, M; Letessier-Selvon, A A; Lévy, J M; Linssen, Lucie; Ljubicic, A; Long, J; Lupi, A; Marchionni, A; Martelli, F; Méchain, X; Mendiburu, J P; Meyer, J P; Mezzetto, Mauro; Mishra, S R; Moorhead, G F; Naumov, D V; Nédélec, P; Nefedov, Yu A; Nguyen-Mau, C; Orestano, D; Pastore, F; Peak, L S; Pennacchio, E; Pessard, H; Petti, R; Placci, A; Polesello, G; Pollmann, D; Polyarush, A Yu; Popov, B; Poulsen, C; Rebuffi, L; Renò, R; Rico, J; Riemann, P; Roda, C; Rubbia, André; Salvatore, F; Schahmaneche, K; Schmidt, B; Schmidt, T; Sconza, A; Sevior, M E; Sillou, D; Soler, F J P; Sozzi, G; Steele, D; Stiegler, U; Stipcevic, M; Stolarczyk, T; Tareb-Reyes, M; Taylor, G; Tereshchenko, V V; Toropin, A N; Touchard, A M; Tovey, Stuart N; Tran, M T; Tsesmelis, E; Ulrichs, J; Vacavant, L; Valdata-Nappi, M; Valuev, V Y; Vannucci, François; Varvell, K E; Veltri, M; Vercesi, V; Vidal-Sitjes, G; Vieira, J M; Vinogradova, T G; Weber, F V; Weisse, T; Wilson, F F; Winton, L J; Yabsley, B D; Zaccone, Henri; Zuber, K; Zuccon, P

    2001-01-01

    We present the results of a search for nu(mu)-->nu(e) oscillations in the NOMAD experiment at CERN. The experiment looked for the appearance of nu(e) in a predominantly nu(mu) wide-band neutrino beam at the CERN SPS. No evidence for oscillations was found. The 90% confidence limits obtained are delta m^2 10 eV^2.

  11. Abstract spatial reasoning as an autistic strength.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Jennifer L; Gernsbacher, Morton Ann

    2013-01-01

    Autistic individuals typically excel on spatial tests that measure abstract reasoning, such as the Block Design subtest on intelligence test batteries and the Raven's Progressive Matrices nonverbal test of intelligence. Such well-replicated findings suggest that abstract spatial processing is a relative and perhaps absolute strength of autistic individuals. However, previous studies have not systematically varied reasoning level--concrete vs. abstract--and test domain--spatial vs. numerical vs. verbal, which the current study did. Autistic participants (N = 72) and non-autistic participants (N = 72) completed a battery of 12 tests that varied by reasoning level (concrete vs. abstract) and domain (spatial vs. numerical vs. verbal). Autistic participants outperformed non-autistic participants on abstract spatial tests. Non-autistic participants did not outperform autistic participants on any of the three domains (spatial, numerical, and verbal) or at either of the two reasoning levels (concrete and abstract), suggesting similarity in abilities between autistic and non-autistic individuals, with abstract spatial reasoning as an autistic strength.

  12. Verification of Statecharts Using Data Abstraction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steffen Helke

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We present an approach for verifying Statecharts including infinite data spaces. We devise a technique for checking that a formula of the universal fragment of CTL is satisfied by a specification written as a Statechart. The approach is based on a property-preserving abstraction technique that additionally preserves structure. It is prototypically implemented in a logic-based framework using a theorem prover and a model checker. This paper reports on the following results. (1 We present a proof infra-structure for Statecharts in the theorem prover Isabelle/HOL, which constitutes a basis for defining a mechanised data abstraction process. The formalisation is based on Hierar-chical Automata (HA which allow a structural decomposition of Statecharts into Sequential Automata. (2 Based on this theory we introduce a data abstraction technique, which can be used to abstract the data space of a HA for a given abstraction function. The technique is based on constructing over-approximations. It is structure-preserving and is designed in a compositional way. (3 For reasons of practicability, we finally present two tactics supporting the abstraction that we have implemented in Isabelle/HOL. To make proofs more efficient, these tactics use the model checker SMV checking abstract models automatically.

  13. Abstract spatial reasoning as an autistic strength.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer L Stevenson

    Full Text Available Autistic individuals typically excel on spatial tests that measure abstract reasoning, such as the Block Design subtest on intelligence test batteries and the Raven's Progressive Matrices nonverbal test of intelligence. Such well-replicated findings suggest that abstract spatial processing is a relative and perhaps absolute strength of autistic individuals. However, previous studies have not systematically varied reasoning level--concrete vs. abstract--and test domain--spatial vs. numerical vs. verbal, which the current study did. Autistic participants (N = 72 and non-autistic participants (N = 72 completed a battery of 12 tests that varied by reasoning level (concrete vs. abstract and domain (spatial vs. numerical vs. verbal. Autistic participants outperformed non-autistic participants on abstract spatial tests. Non-autistic participants did not outperform autistic participants on any of the three domains (spatial, numerical, and verbal or at either of the two reasoning levels (concrete and abstract, suggesting similarity in abilities between autistic and non-autistic individuals, with abstract spatial reasoning as an autistic strength.

  14. Ethnozoology in Brazil: analysis of the methodological risks in published studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. M. Lyra-Neves

    Full Text Available Abstract There has been a growth in the field of Ethnozoology throughout the years, especially in Brazil, where a considerable number of scientific articles pertaining to this subject has been published in recent decades. With this increase in publications comes the opportunity to assess the quality of these publications, as there are no known studies assessing the methodological risks in this area. Based on this observation, our objectives were to compile the papers published on the subject of ethnozoology and to answer the following questions: 1 Do the Brazilian ethnozoological studies use sound sampling methods?; 2 Is the sampling quality influenced by characteristics of the studies/publications? The studies found in databases and using web search engines were compiled to answer these questions. The studies were assessed based on their nature, sampling methods, use of hypotheses and tests, journal’s impact factor, and animal group studied. The majority of the studies analyzed exhibited problems associated with the samples, as 144 (66.98% studies were classified as having a high risk of bias. With regard to the characteristics analyzed, we determined that a quantitative nature and the use of tests are essential components of good sampling. Most studies classified as moderate and low risk either did not provide these data or provided data that were not clear; therefore, these studies were classified as being of a quali-quantitative nature. Studies performed with vertebrate groups were of high risk. Most of the papers analyzed here focused on fish, insects, and/or mollusks, thus highlighting the difficulties associated with conducting interviews regarding tetrapod vertebrates. Such difficulties are largely related to the extremely strict Brazilian laws, justified by the decline and extinction of some species, related to the use of wild tetrapod vertebrates.

  15. Enhancing Practitioner Knowledge through a Unique Abstracting Format Used with "Research on Social Work Practice" Journal Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holosko, Michael J.

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to bridge the long-standing schism between social work researchers and practitioners, "Research on Social Work Practice" ("RSWP") presents an additional structured abstract for inclusion in their published articles called the practitioner knowledge abstract (PKA). Its conceptualization and rationale are presented, as are some case…

  16. Abstract or Concrete Examples in Learning Mathematics? A Replication and Elaboration of Kaminski, Sloutsky, and Heckler's Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Bock, Dirk; Deprez, Johan; Van Dooren, Wim; Roelens, Michel; Verschaffel, Lieven

    2011-01-01

    Kaminski, Sloutsky, and Heckler (2008a) published in "Science" a study on "The advantage of abstract examples in learning math," in which they claim that students may benefit more from learning mathematics through a single abstract, symbolic representation than from multiple concrete examples. This publication elicited both enthusiastic and…

  17. ChemInform Abstract: The Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Kinetic Resolution of Secondary Alcohols: Reaction Development, Scope, and Applications.

    KAUST Repository

    Ebner, David C.

    2010-03-30

    ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.

  18. How to write an article: Preparing a publishable manuscript!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shidham, Vinod B; Pitman, Martha B; Demay, Richard M

    2012-01-01

    Most of the scientific work presented as abstracts (platforms and posters) at various conferences have the potential to be published as articles in peer-reviewed journals. This DIY (Do It Yourself) article on how to achieve that goal is an extension of the symposium presented at the 36(th) European Congress of Cytology, Istanbul, Turkey (presentation available on net at http://alturl.com/q6bfp). The criteria for manuscript authorship should be based on the ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. The next step is to choose the appropriate journal to submit the manuscript and review the 'Instructions to the authors' for that journal. Although initially it may appear to be an insurmountable task, diligent organizational discipline with a little patience and perseverance with input from mentors should lead to the preparation of a nearly perfect publishable manuscript even by a novice. Ultimately, the published article is an excellent track record of academic productivity with contribution to the general public good by encouraging the exchange of experience and innovation. It is a highly rewarding conduit to the personal success and growth leading to the collective achievement of continued scientific progress. Recent emergences of journals and publishers offering the platform and opportunity to publish under an open access charter provides the opportunity for authors to protect their copyright from being lost to conventional publishers. Publishing your work on this open platform is the most rewarding mission and is the recommended option in the current modern era.[This open access article can be linked (copy-paste link from HTML version of this article) or reproduced FREELY if original reference details are prominently identifiable].

  19. How to write an article: Preparing a publishable manuscript!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinod B Shidham

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Most of the scientific work presented as abstracts (platforms and posters at various conferences have the potential to be published as articles in peer-reviewed journals. This DIY (Do It Yourself article on how to achieve that goal is an extension of the symposium presented at the 36 th European Congress of Cytology, Istanbul, Turkey (presentation available on net at http://alturl.com/q6bfp. The criteria for manuscript authorship should be based on the ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts. The next step is to choose the appropriate journal to submit the manuscript and review the ′Instructions to the authors′ for that journal. Although initially it may appear to be an insurmountable task, diligent organizational discipline with a little patience and perseverance with input from mentors should lead to the preparation of a nearly perfect publishable manuscript even by a novice. Ultimately, the published article is an excellent track record of academic productivity with contribution to the general public good by encouraging the exchange of experience and innovation. It is a highly rewarding conduit to the personal success and growth leading to the collective achievement of continued scientific progress. Recent emergences of journals and publishers offering the platform and opportunity to publish under an open access charter provides the opportunity for authors to protect their copyright from being lost to conventional publishers. Publishing your work on this open platform is the most rewarding mission and is the recommended option in the current modern era. [This open access article can be linked (copy-paste link from HTML version of this article or reproduced FREELY if original reference details are prominently identifiable].

  20. Contracts for Abstract Processes in Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia Buscemi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Contracts are a well-established approach for describing and analyzing behavioral aspects of web service compositions. The theory of contracts comes equipped with a notion of compatibility between clients and servers that ensures that every possible interaction between compatible clients and servers will complete successfully. It is generally agreed that real applications often require the ability of exposing just partial descriptions of their behaviors, which are usually known as abstract processes. We propose a formal characterization of abstraction as an extension of the usual symbolic bisimulation and we recover the notion of abstraction in the context of contracts.