WorldWideScience

Sample records for abstracting and indexing as topic

  1. Introduction to indexing and abstracting

    CERN Document Server

    Cleveland, Ana

    2013-01-01

    Successful information access in the digital information age requires robust systems of indexing and abstracting. This book provides a complete introduction to the subject that covers the many recent changes in the field.

  2. International abstracting and indexing services

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    CABI is a not-for-profit science-based development and information organization ... and abstracts the world's chemistry-related information, updating it daily and ... Through Africa-Wide Information, a database compiled by NISC SA and which ...

  3. Journal article overlap among Index Medicus, Science Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, and Chemical Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poyer, R K

    1984-10-01

    Journal article overlap is defined as the same journal article being indexed by two or more services. Using journal references from seventy dissertations written in the preclinical sciences, the extent of journal article overlap among Index Medicus, Science Citation Index, Biological Abstracts, and Chemical Abstracts was examined. Of the 7,969 journal references cited, 92% were indexed by at least two of these services; 591 articles were covered by only one of the services, and 55 articles were not indexed. A discussion of the advantages and costs of journal article overlap is presented.

  4. Geoscience indexing at petroleum abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Finnegan, M.A.

    1985-01-01

    Geoscience literature received by Petroleum Abstracts Information System is indexed by Scientist with field experience. The indexing consists of relating concepts produced by the author to a controlled vocabulary used at Petroleum Abstracts. The primary emphasis of selection of the literature at Petroleum Abstracts is petroleum-related, but not petroleum restricted. Geoscience literature indexed at Petroleum Abstracts comprises the following subjects: Geology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Mineral Commodities. The depth of indexing attributed to each article does in fact depend on the amount of petroleum-related subject matter in the article. Once the indexing is completed, the abstract is then cut to approximately 150 words. The scientist who indexes at Petroleum Abstracts is not expected to know or remember every detail or concept ever published. But he or she is expected to be able to go to an atlas, dictionary, or any other reference material available and apply the concepts to a controlled vocabulary. This is somewhat of a restriction on scientists, but it is the only way to maintain any kind of consistency in the indexing. Successful searching of the Petroleum Abstracts Information System can be accomplished with an understanding of the indexing strategy and the importance and necessity of referencing the thesauri controlled vocabulary. It may be more time-consuming, but will certainly be more accurate in the retrieval of the information.

  5. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Annual compilation for 1994. Volume 19, Number 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order. These precede the following indexes: secondary report number index, personal author index, subject index, NRC originating organization index (staff reports), NRC originating organization index (international agreements), NRC contract sponsor index (contractor reports), contractor index, international organization index, and licensed facility index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

  6. Human-competitive automatic topic indexing

    CERN Document Server

    Medelyan, Olena

    2009-01-01

    Topic indexing is the task of identifying the main topics covered by a document. These are useful for many purposes: as subject headings in libraries, as keywords in academic publications and as tags on the web. Knowing a document’s topics helps people judge its relevance quickly. However, assigning topics manually is labor intensive. This thesis shows how to generate them automatically in a way that competes with human performance. Three kinds of indexing are investigated: term assignment, a task commonly performed by librarians, who select topics from a controlled vocabulary; tagging, a popular activity of web users, who choose topics freely; and a new method of keyphrase extraction, where topics are equated to Wikipedia article names. A general two-stage algorithm is introduced that first selects candidate topics and then ranks them by significance based on their properties. These properties draw on statistical, semantic, domain-specific and encyclopedic knowledge. They are combined using a machine learn...

  7. Maps on the basis of the Arts & Humanities Citation Index: The journals Leonardo and Art Journal versus "Digital Humanities" as a topic

    CERN Document Server

    Leydesdorff, Loet

    2009-01-01

    The possibilities of using the Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI) for journal mapping have not been sufficiently recognized because of the absence of a Journal Citations Report (JCR) for this database. A quasi-JCR for the A&HCI (2008) was constructed from the data contained in the Web-of-Science and is used for the evaluation of two journals as examples: Leonardo and Art Journal. The maps on the basis of the aggregated journal-journal citations within this domain can be compared with maps including references to journals in the Science Citation Index and Social Science Citation Index. Art journals are cited by (social) science journals more than by other art journals, but these journals draw upon one another in terms of their own references. This cultural impact in terms of being cited is not found when documents with a topic such as "digital humanities" are analyzed. This community of practice functions more as an intellectual organizer than a journal.

  8. Meshable: searching PubMed abstracts by utilizing MeSH and MeSH-derived topical terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sun; Yeganova, Lana; Wilbur, W John

    2016-10-01

    Medical Subject Headings (MeSH(®)) is a controlled vocabulary for indexing and searching biomedical literature. MeSH terms and subheadings are organized in a hierarchical structure and are used to indicate the topics of an article. Biologists can use either MeSH terms as queries or the MeSH interface provided in PubMed(®) for searching PubMed abstracts. However, these are rarely used, and there is no convenient way to link standardized MeSH terms to user queries. Here, we introduce a web interface which allows users to enter queries to find MeSH terms closely related to the queries. Our method relies on co-occurrence of text words and MeSH terms to find keywords that are related to each MeSH term. A query is then matched with the keywords for MeSH terms, and candidate MeSH terms are ranked based on their relatedness to the query. The experimental results show that our method achieves the best performance among several term extraction approaches in terms of topic coherence. Moreover, the interface can be effectively used to find full names of abbreviations and to disambiguate user queries. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/IRET/MESHABLE/ CONTACT: sun.kim@nih.gov Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press.

  9. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Annual compilation for 1997. Volume 22, Number 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

  10. Name Authority Challenges for Indexing and Abstracting Databases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Beaubien Bennett

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective - This analysis explores alternative methods for managing author name changes in Indexing and Abstarcting (I&A databases. A searcher may retrieve incomplete or inaccurate results when the database provides no or faulty assistance in linking author name variations. Methods - The article includes an analysis of current name authority practices in I&A databases and of selected research into name disambiguation models applied to authorship of articles. Results - Several potential solutiona are in production or in development. MathSciNet has developed an authority file. The method is largely machine-based but it involves time-consuming manual intervention that might not scale up to larger or more multidisciplinary databases. The use of standard numbers for authors has been proposed. Solutions in practice include author-managed registration records and linking among several authority files. Information science and computer science researchers are developing models to automate processes for name disambiguation, shifting focus from authority control to access control. Successful models use metadata beyond the author name alone, such as co-authors, author affiliation, jornal name or keywords. Social netowrks may provide additional data to support disamibguation models. Conclusion - The traditional objective of name authority files is to determine precisely when name variations belong to the same individual. Manually-maintained authority files have served library catalogues reasonably well, but the burden of upkeep has made them ill-suited to managing the volume of items and authors in all but the smallest I&A databases. To meet the access needs of the 21st century, both catalogues and I&A databases may need to implement options that present a high degree of probability that items have been authored by the same individual, rather than options that provide high precision with the expense of manual maintenance. Striving for name disambiguation

  11. A Microfilm Index to "Chemical Abstracts"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, F.

    1973-01-01

    To improve access to the recent Chemical Abstracts,'' a cumulative quarterly index, based on the keyword phrases, has been produced in microfilm form. The index is available soon after the end of each quarter. Abstract titles are included in the index, thus increasing its value as a working tool. (4 references) (Author/SJ)

  12. First-Generation College Student Dissertation Abstracts: Research Strategies, Topical Analysis, and Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banning, James H.

    2014-01-01

    First-generation college students are students whose parents or guardians did not obtain a four year college degree (Davis, 2012). As a group these students make up a large part of the college student population and are often reported to encounter difficulties in their campus experience. While the topic of first-generation student has received…

  13. Defense Technical Information Center Cataloging, Abstracting and Indexing Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-01

    name of the country is not repeated if included in the heading. APPEARS AS: ENTER AS: Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas , Rio de Janeiro...Brazil. Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas Rio de Janeiro 35. Foreign place names are written in the form of common usage as indicated by

  14. Topical and peripheral ketamine as an analgesic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawynok, Jana

    2014-07-01

    Ketamine, in subanesthetic doses, produces systemic analgesia in chronic pain settings, an action largely attributed to block of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in the spinal cord and inhibition of central sensitization processes. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors also are located peripherally on sensory afferent nerve endings, and this provided the initial impetus for exploring peripheral applications of ketamine. Ketamine also produces several other pharmacological actions (block of ion channels and receptors, modulation of transporters, anti-inflammatory effects), and while these may require higher concentrations, after topical (e.g., as gels, creams) and peripheral application (e.g., localized injections), local tissue concentrations are higher than those after systemic administration and can engage lower affinity mechanisms. Peripheral administration of ketamine by localized injection produced some alterations in sensory thresholds in experimental trials in volunteers and in complex regional pain syndrome subjects in experimental settings, but many variables were unaltered. There are several case reports of analgesia after topical application of ketamine given alone in neuropathic pain, but controlled trials have not confirmed such effects. A combination of topical ketamine with several other agents produced pain relief in case, and case series, reports with response rates of 40% to 75% in retrospective analyses. In controlled trials of neuropathic pain with topical ketamine combinations, there were improvements in some outcomes, but optimal dosing and drug combinations were not clear. Given orally (as a gargle, throat swab, localized peritonsillar injections), ketamine produced significant oral/throat analgesia in controlled trials in postoperative settings. Topical analgesics are likely more effective in particular conditions (patient factors, disease factors), and future trials of topical ketamine should include a consideration of factors that could predispose

  15. Food Science and Technology Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Elinor; Federman, Joan

    1979-01-01

    Introduces the reader to the Food Science and Technology Abstracts, a data file that covers worldwide literature on human food commodities and aspects of food processing. Topics include scope, subject index, thesaurus, searching online, and abstracts; tables provide a comparison of ORBIT and DIALOG versions of the file. (JD)

  16. Prioritization, clustering and functional annotation of MicroRNAs using latent semantic indexing of MEDLINE abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Sujoy; Curry, Brandon C; Madahian, Behrouz; Homayouni, Ramin

    2016-10-06

    The amount of scientific information about MicroRNAs (miRNAs) is growing exponentially, making it difficult for researchers to interpret experimental results. In this study, we present an automated text mining approach using Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI) for prioritization, clustering and functional annotation of miRNAs. For approximately 900 human miRNAs indexed in miRBase, text documents were created by concatenating titles and abstracts of MEDLINE citations which refer to the miRNAs. The documents were parsed and a weighted term-by-miRNA frequency matrix was created, which was subsequently factorized via singular value decomposition to extract pair-wise cosine values between the term (keyword) and miRNA vectors in reduced rank semantic space. LSI enables derivation of both explicit and implicit associations between entities based on word usage patterns. Using miR2Disease as a gold standard, we found that LSI identified keyword-to-miRNA relationships with high accuracy. In addition, we demonstrate that pair-wise associations between miRNAs can be used to group them into categories which are functionally aligned. Finally, term ranking by querying the LSI space with a group of miRNAs enabled annotation of the clusters with functionally related terms. LSI modeling of MEDLINE abstracts provides a robust and automated method for miRNA related knowledge discovery. The latest collection of miRNA abstracts and LSI model can be accessed through the web tool miRNA Literature Network (miRLiN) at http://bioinfo.memphis.edu/mirlin .

  17. Semiautomatic news analysis, indexing, and classification system based on topic preselection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanjalic, Alan; Lagendijk, Reginald L.; Biemond, Jan

    1998-12-01

    In this paper, we present the concept of an efficient semiautomatic system for analysis, classification and indexing of TV news program material, and show the feasibility of its practical realization. The only input into the system, other than the news program itself, are the spoken words, serving as keys for topic prespecification. The chosen topics express user's current professional or private interests and are used for filtering the news material correspondingly. After the basic analysis steps on a news program stream, including the processes of shot change detection and key frame extraction, the system automatically represents the news program as a series of longer higher-level segments. Each of them contains one or more video shots and belongs to one of the coarse categories, such as anchorperson (news reader) shots, news shot series, the starting and ending program sequence. The segmentation procedure is performed on the video component of the news program stream and the results are used to define the corresponding segments in the news audio stream. In the next step, the system uses the prespecified audio keys to index the segments and group them into reports, being the actual retrieval units. This step is performed on the segmented news audio stream by applying the wordspotting procedure to each segment. As a result, all the reports on prespecified topics are easily reachable for efficient retrieval.

  18. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal). Volume 20, No. 1: First quarterly January--March 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

  19. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for second quarter 1997 April--June. Volume 22, Number 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

  20. Regulatory and technical reports: Abstract index journal. Volume 20, No. 3, Compilation for third quarter 1995, July--September

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors; proceedings of conferences and workshops; as well as international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

  1. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for third quarter 1996 July--September. Volume 21, Number 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-02-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order: NUREG-XXXX, NUREG/CP-XXXX, NUREG/CR-XXXX, and NUREG/IA-XXXX. These precede the following indexes: secondary report number index; personal author index; subject index; NRC originating organization index (staff reports); NRC originating organization index (international agreements); NRC contract sponsor index (contractor reports); contractor index; international organization index; and licensed facility index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

  2. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for third quarter 1994, July--September. Volume 19, Number 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1994-12-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issues by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. The main citations and abstracts in this compilation are listed in NUREG number order: NUREG-XXXX, NUREG/CP-XXXX, NUREG/CR-XXXX, and NUREG/IA-XXXX. These precede the following indexes: Secondary Report Number Index, Personal Author Index, Subject Index, NRC Originating Organization Index (Staff Reports), NRC Originating Organization Index (International Agreements), NRC Contract Sponsor Index (Contractor Reports) Contractor Index, International Organization Index, Licensed Facility Index. A detailed explanation of the entries precedes each index.

  3. SIAM conference on applications of dynamical systems. Abstracts and author index

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-12-31

    A conference (Oct.15--19, 1992, Snowbird, Utah; sponsored by SIAM (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics) Activity Group on Dynamical Systems) was held that highlighted recent developments in applied dynamical systems. The main lectures and minisymposia covered theory about chaotic motion, applications in high energy physics and heart fibrillations, turbulent motion, Henon map and attractor, integrable problems in classical physics, pattern formation in chemical reactions, etc. The conference fostered an exchange between mathematicians working on theoretical issues of modern dynamical systems and applied scientists. This two-part document contains abstracts, conference program, and an author index.

  4. Maps on the basis of the Arts & Humanities Citation Index: the journals Leonardo and Art Journal versus "Digital Humanities" as a topic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leydesdorff, L.; Salah, A.A.A.

    2010-01-01

    The possibilities of using the Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI) for journal mapping have not been sufficiently recognized because of the absence of a Journal Citations Report (JCR) for this database. A quasi-JCR for the A&HCI (2008) was constructed from the data contained in theWeb of Scienc

  5. Maps on the basis of the Arts & Humanities Citation Index: the journals Leonardo and Art Journal versus "Digital Humanities" as a topic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leydesdorff, L.; Salah, A.A.A.

    2010-01-01

    The possibilities of using the Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI) for journal mapping have not been sufficiently recognized because of the absence of a Journal Citations Report (JCR) for this database. A quasi-JCR for the A&HCI (2008) was constructed from the data contained in theWeb of Scienc

  6. Nouns, verbs, objects, actions, and abstractions: local fMRI activity indexes semantics, not lexical categories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moseley, Rachel L; Pulvermüller, Friedemann

    2014-05-01

    Noun/verb dissociations in the literature defy interpretation due to the confound between lexical category and semantic meaning; nouns and verbs typically describe concrete objects and actions. Abstract words, pertaining to neither, are a critical test case: dissociations along lexical-grammatical lines would support models purporting lexical category as the principle governing brain organisation, whilst semantic models predict dissociation between concrete words but not abstract items. During fMRI scanning, participants read orthogonalised word categories of nouns and verbs, with or without concrete, sensorimotor meaning. Analysis of inferior frontal/insula, precentral and central areas revealed an interaction between lexical class and semantic factors with clear category differences between concrete nouns and verbs but not abstract ones. Though the brain stores the combinatorial and lexical-grammatical properties of words, our data show that topographical differences in brain activation, especially in the motor system and inferior frontal cortex, are driven by semantics and not by lexical class.

  7. Topic Maps: Adopting User-Centred Indexing Technologies in Course Management Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkatesh, Vivek; Shaw, Steven; Dicks, Dennis; Lowerison, Gretchen; Zhang, Dai; Sanjakdar, Roukana

    2007-01-01

    This article provides an empirical evaluation of an indexing technology, topic maps (ISO 13250), in the context of an academic task in a higher education context. Topic maps are a form of indexing that define and display the interrelationships between various topics in a given domain, as well as anchor these topics to specific resources that help…

  8. Repeated monitoring of corneal nerves by confocal microscopy as an index of peripheral neuropathy in type-1 diabetic rodents and the effects of topical insulin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Debbie K; Frizzi, Katie E; Guernsey, Lucie S; Ladt, Kelsey; Mizisin, Andrew P; Calcutt, Nigel A

    2013-12-01

    We developed a reliable imaging and quantitative analysis method for in vivo corneal confocal microscopy (CCM) in rodents and used it to determine whether models of type 1 diabetes replicate the depletion of corneal nerves reported in diabetic patients. Quantification was reproducible between observers and stable across repeated time points in two rat strains. Longitudinal studies were performed in normal and streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats, with innervation of plantar paw skin quantified using standard histological methods after 40 weeks of diabetes. Diabetic rats showed an initial increase, then a gradual reduction in occupancy of nerves in the sub-basal plexus so that values were significantly lower at week 40 (68 ± 6%) than age-matched controls (80 ± 2%). No significant loss of stromal or intra-epidermal nerves was detected. In a separate study, insulin was applied daily to the eye of control and STZ-diabetic mice and this treatment prevented depletion of nerves of the sub-basal plexus. Longitudinal studies are viable in rodents using CCM and depletion of distal corneal nerves precedes detectable loss of epidermal nerves in the foot, suggesting that diabetic neuropathy is not length dependent. Loss of insulin-derived neurotrophic support may contribute to the pathogenesis of corneal nerve depletion in type 1 diabetes.

  9. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal). Compilation for third quarter 1997, July--September

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stevenson, L.L.

    1998-01-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually. This report contains the third quarter 1997 abstracts.

  10. MAIN TOPICS,ABSTRACTS & KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Effect of hot extrusion deformation on microstructure and fracture morphology of AZ31B magnesium alloy TIG weld seam LI Xiaoquan, CHU Yajie, YANG Zonghui, HE Xiancong ( School of Material Engineering, Nanjing Institute of Tech-nology, Nanjing 211167, China). pp 1-4 Abstract: Butt joining of AZ31B magnesium alloy was carried out by tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding process with itself as the filler wire, and a ceramic electric heater was devised for hot extrusion deformation of the resultant joint combining with the high temperature tensile testing machine.

  11. MAIN TOPICS,ABSTRACTS & KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Digital arc power supply for welding on aluminum-magnesium alloy and its expert database ; Abstract: A kind of digital arc power supply for welding of aluminum-magnesium alloy was developed in this paper. Its control system and human-computer intereommunion system based on DSP and ARM were set up, and the digital welding-machine system and the double-pulse control process were analyzed. Through a lot of technical experiments on large step calibration, the expert database in the digital double-pulse welding of aluminum was constructed made to be laconic and modularized.

  12. MAIN TOPICS,ABSTRACTS & KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Friction welding process with thermomechanical heat treatment for oil drill pipe ZHOU Jun, QIN Guoliang , QI Xi- nbin(1. Harbin Welding Institute, Harbin 150080, China; 2. Institute of Advanced Welding Technology, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China). p 1 -4 Abstract: By the thermomechanical heat treatment friction-welding machine, the pipe body of 37CrMnMo steel and the pipe joint of 42CrMoA steel were welded, and the mechanical properties and microstructures of the joint were tested and analyzed. The experimental results show that the grain size in the full quenching zone can reach 8 grade, the partial quenching zone is narrow and covered by thermomechanical zone.

  13. MAIN TOPICS,ABSTRACTS & KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Path planning of robot off-line programming for profiled bar cutting Abstract: The profiled bar is widely applied in shipbuild- ing industry. In order to perform cutting and lining automatically for profiled bar, the robot off-line programming technology was studied. The robot off-line programming software system for pro- filed bar cutting was developed for automatic cutting. The path planning of cutting off-line program for profiled bar was investiga- ted. The path offset algorithm and path intersection algorithm of feature modeling were developed for bar bevel cutting respective- ly, and the experiments about fiat bar and angle bar automatic cutting were performed. The results demonstrated that the path planning algorithm could perform the bevel cutting and edge cut- ting, and the error of bevel angle was less than 1 o. The process of cutting was smooth, which could satisfy the profiled bar cutting in practice.

  14. MAIN TOPICS,ABSTRACTS & KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Characteristics of high-temperature erosion-resistance for laser cladding NiAI coating on high chromium cast steel HAN Bin, LI Meiyan, WANG Yong ( School of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, China University of Petroleum, Qingdao 266555, China). pp 1 -4 Abstract: In order to improve characteristics of high-tem- perature erosion-resistance for high chromium cast steel burner nozzle, laser cladding was carried out on the surface of high chromium cast steel to produce NiA1 intermetallic compound coating, and the microstructure and high-temperature erosion properties of the resultant coating were studied with electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) and high-temperature erosion-re- sistance equipments. The results show that the coating continu- ously and densely distributed and metallurgically bonded with the steel substrate. The coating was composed of NiA1 intermetallic compound and ~,-( FeNi ) solid solution. The hardness of the cladding layer reached 450 HV, and the hardness transition was smooth. The high-temperature erosion-resistance of laser cladding NiAl intermetallic compound coating was obviously im- proved, and the erosion worn mechanism was brittle spalling. Key words: high chromium cast steel; laser cladding; NiA1 coating; high-temperature erosion-resistance

  15. MAIN TOPICS,ABSTRACTS & KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Microstructure and mechanical properties of supersonic plasma sprayed coating WANG Haidou1, XU Binshi1, JIANG Yi1,2, LIU Ming1 , SUN Mingxi2 ( 1. Science and Tech-nology on Remanufacturing Laboratory, Academy of Armored Forces Engineering, Beijing 100072, China; 2. Naval Flying Academy of China, Huludao 125101, China;). p 1 -4

  16. MAIN TOPICS,ABSTRACTS & KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Design and implementation of a power control system for electron beam welder HE Shaojia, LI Jianling, MO Jinhai, LI Haibiao (School of Mechanical & Electrical Engineering, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin 541004, China). ppl-5, 12 Abstract: Stability of output voltage of high-voltage accelerating stabilized power supply for electron beam welder (EBW) is a prerequisite to ensure the electron beam welding quality. The common power supplies have the disadvantages of circuit complexity and bulkiness. A novel control system of higholtage accelerating stabilized power supply for EBW was designed. Its main circuit is based on pulse-width modulation (PWM) buckboost converter topology. Compared with common EBW power supplies, this new power supply requires a much lower voltage grade transformer because of the converter's effect for rising voltage, so its volume is smaller and the circuit is simpler. The sys- tem main circuit characteristics and its working process were analyzed. The system circuit's small-signal mathematical model was created, and lag-lead correction compensation control was em- ployed in the system to achieve static and dynamic performance requirements. The results displayed that this unit had the characteristics of fast response, high reliability, high control precision and anti-interference capability.

  17. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Annual compilation for 1996, Volume 21, No. 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheehan, M.A.

    1997-04-01

    This compilation is the annual cumulation of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors.

  18. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal): Compilation for first quarter 1996, January--March. Volume 21, Number 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors, proceedings of conferences and workshops, grants, and international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

  19. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal), Compilation for third quarter 1993, July--September. Volume 18, No. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-11-01

    This journal includes all formal reports in the NUREG series prepared by the NRC staff and contractors, proceedings of conferences and workshops, grants, and international agreement reports. The entries in this compilation are indexed for access by title and abstract, secondary report number, personal author, subject, NRC organization for staff and international agreements, contractor, international organization, and licensed facility.

  20. Regulatory and technical reports: (Abstract index journal). Compilation for first quarter 1997, January--March

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheehan, M.A.

    1997-06-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. This compilation is published quarterly and cummulated annually. Reports consist of staff-originated reports, NRC-sponsored conference reports, NRC contractor-prepared reports, and international agreement reports.

  1. Chemical Abstracts as a resource for health and safety-related chemical information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moody, R L; Zahm, B C

    1980-02-01

    Documents relevant to the health and safety of the worker or consumer exposed to chemicals or radiation extend over the entire range of the chemical disciplines, and therefore pertinent information can appear throughout the Chemical Abstracts Service information systems. Access routes to such information in both CAS printed publications and computer-readable services are discussed. In the weekly issues of Chemical Abstracts, health and safety information can be accessed through the natural-language Keyword Index. Retrieval of pertinent information through the controlled headings of the CA Volume Indexes in conjunction with the Index Guide is also discussed. CA Selects, a set of current-awareness publications, is described as it pertains to the specialized areas of health and safety.

  2. The wisdom of Ben Sira in MENA cultural context: A cultural topical index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Pilch

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The biblical Books of Proverbs and Ben Sira (Sirach; Ecclesiasticus yield no narrative continuity or logical outline. They are simply collections. The best way to interpret these books is with the aid of a topical index. Most topical indexes are based on English (or another language translation. This article proposes a tentative topical index reflecting Middle East North African culture and its values. It will serve as the outline for a full length commentary already in process.

  3. Finding European bioethical literature: an evaluation of the leading abstracting and indexing services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fangerau, H

    2004-01-01

    Objectives: In this study the author aimed to provide information for researchers to help them with the selection of suitable databases for finding medical ethics literature. The quantity of medical ethical literature that is indexed in different existing electronic bibliographies was ascertained. Method: Using the international journal index Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, journals on medical ethics were identified. The electronic bibliographies indexing these journals were analysed. In an additional analysis documentalists indexing bioethical literature were asked to name European journals on medical ethics. The bibliographies indexing these journals were examined. Results: Of 290 journals on medical ethics 173 were indexed in at least one bibliography. Current Contents showed the highest coverage with 66 (22.8%) journals indexed followed by MEDLINE (22.1%). By a combined search in the top ten bibliographies with the highest coverage, a maximum coverage of 45.2% of all journals could be reached. All the bibliographies showed a tendency to index more North American than European literature. This result was verified by the supplementary analysis of a sample of continental European journals. Here EMBASE covered the highest number of journals (20.6%) followed by the Russian Academy of Sciences Bibliographies (19.2%). Conclusion: A medical ethics literature search has to be carried out in several databases in order to reach an adequate collection of literature. The databases one wishes to combine should be carefully chosen. There seems to be a regional bias in the most popular databases, favouring North American periodicals compared with European literature on medical ethics. PMID:15173367

  4. A Scalable Video Search Engine Based on Audio Content Indexing and Topic Segmentation

    CERN Document Server

    Lawto, Julien; Lamel, Lori; Grefenstete, Gregory; Gravier, Guillaume; Despres, Julien; Guinaudeau, Camille; Sébillot, Pascale

    2011-01-01

    One important class of online videos is that of news broadcasts. Most news organisations provide near-immediate access to topical news broadcasts over the Internet, through RSS streams or podcasts. Until lately, technology has not made it possible for a user to automatically go to the smaller parts, within a longer broadcast, that might interest them. Recent advances in both speech recognition systems and natural language processing have led to a number of robust tools that allow us to provide users with quicker, more focussed access to relevant segments of one or more news broadcast videos. Here we present our new interface for browsing or searching news broadcasts (video/audio) that exploits these new language processing tools to (i) provide immediate access to topical passages within news broadcasts, (ii) browse news broadcasts by events as well as by people, places and organisations, (iii) perform cross lingual search of news broadcasts, (iv) search for news through a map interface, (v) browse news by tre...

  5. Abstract algebra structure and application

    CERN Document Server

    Finston, David R

    2014-01-01

    This text seeks to generate interest in abstract algebra by introducing each new structure and topic via a real-world application. The down-to-earth presentation is accessible to a readership with no prior knowledge of abstract algebra. Students are led to algebraic concepts and questions in a natural way through their everyday experiences. Applications include: Identification numbers and modular arithmetic (linear) error-correcting codes, including cyclic codes ruler and compass constructions cryptography symmetry of patterns in the real plane Abstract Algebra: Structure and Application is suitable as a text for a first course on abstract algebra whose main purpose is to generate interest in the subject, or as a supplementary text for more advanced courses. The material paves the way to subsequent courses that further develop the theory of abstract algebra and will appeal to students of mathematics, mathematics education, computer science, and engineering interested in applications of algebraic concepts.

  6. Thirty-first annual gaseous electronic conference. A topical conference of the American Physical Socity. Program and abstracts. [Buffalo, New York, October 17--20, 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-01-01

    This volume contains the program and abstracts of the conference. The following topics are included: metal vapor molecular lasers, magnetohydrodynamics, rare gas halide and nuclear pumped lasers, transfer mechanisms in arcs, kinetic processes in rare gas halide lasers, arcs and flows, XeF kinetics and lasers, fundamental processes in excimer lasers, electrode effects and vacuum arcs, electron and ion transport, ion interactions and mobilities, glow discharges, diagnostics and afterglows, dissociative recombination, electron ionization and excitation, rare gas excimers and group VI lasers, breakdown, novel laser pumping techniques, electrode-related discharge phenomena, photon interactions, attachment, plasma chemistry and infrared lasers, electron scattering, and reactions of excited species. (RWR)

  7. Regulatory and Technical Reports (Abstract Index Journal). Annual compilation for 1995, Volume 20, No. 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheehan, M.

    1995-04-01

    The Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s annual summary of licensed nuclear power reactor data is based primarily on the report of operating data submitted by licensees for each unit for the month of December because that report contains data for the month of December, the year to date (in this case calendar year 1994) and cumulative data, usually from the date of commercial operation. The data is not independently verified, but various computer checks are made. The report is divided into two sections. The first contains summary highlights and the second contains data on each individual unit in commercial operation Section 1 capacity and availability factors are simple arithmetic averages. Section 2 items in the cumulative column are generally as reported by the licensee and notes as to the use of weighted averages and starting dates other than commercial operation are provided.

  8. Abstraction and Problem Reformulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giunchiglia, Fausto

    1992-01-01

    In work done jointly with Toby Walsh, the author has provided a sound theoretical foundation to the process of reasoning with abstraction (GW90c, GWS9, GW9Ob, GW90a). The notion of abstraction formalized in this work can be informally described as: (property 1), the process of mapping a representation of a problem, called (following historical convention (Sac74)) the 'ground' representation, onto a new representation, called the 'abstract' representation, which, (property 2) helps deal with the problem in the original search space by preserving certain desirable properties and (property 3) is simpler to handle as it is constructed from the ground representation by "throwing away details". One desirable property preserved by an abstraction is provability; often there is a relationship between provability in the ground representation and provability in the abstract representation. Another can be deduction or, possibly inconsistency. By 'throwing away details' we usually mean that the problem is described in a language with a smaller search space (for instance a propositional language or a language without variables) in which formulae of the abstract representation are obtained from the formulae of the ground representation by the use of some terminating rewriting technique. Often we require that the use of abstraction results in more efficient .reasoning. However, it might simply increase the number of facts asserted (eg. by allowing, in practice, the exploration of deeper search spaces or by implementing some form of learning). Among all abstractions, three very important classes have been identified. They relate the set of facts provable in the ground space to those provable in the abstract space. We call: TI abstractions all those abstractions where the abstractions of all the provable facts of the ground space are provable in the abstract space; TD abstractions all those abstractions wllere the 'unabstractions' of all the provable facts of the abstract space are

  9. TOPICAL IMMUNIZATION AND THE USE OF CHITOSAN AS CARRIER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vengadesh prabhu K

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available With the technological advances in biomedical sciences and the better understanding of how the immune system works, new immunisation strategies and vaccine delivery options, such sprays, patches, and edible formulations have been developed. Needle-free delivery of vaccines has become a global priority. Transcutaneous immunisation (TCI, topical application of vaccine antigens to the skin, can elicit systemic antibody and T-cell responses, suggesting that this new technique may provide a means for vaccination without needles. TCI requires the use of an adjuvant such as cholera toxin added to a vaccine antigen, such as diphtheria toxoid, to induce antibodies to diphtheria toxoid. The adjuvant and antigen are thought to target Langerhans cells, potent antigen-presenting cells found in the superficial layers of the skin. TCI appears to be a highly practical technique for delivery of vaccines that provides unique access to the immune system.

  10. Congratulations on Acta Metallurgica Sinica-English Letters being indexed/abstracted in SCIE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Acta Metallurgica Sinica-English Letters is covered in Thomson Reuter's products and services. Beginning with V.22 (1) 2009, this publication is indexed and abstracted in: Science Citation Index Expanded (also known as SciSearch; Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition; Current Contents)/Engineering Computing and Technology.

  11. Trends and topics in sports research in the Social Science Citation Index from 1993 to 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gau, Li-Shiue

    2013-02-01

    This descriptive study evaluated behavioral and social science research on sport for 1993 through 2008, examined the characteristics of sport research, and identified mainstream issues appearing during these 16 years. Based on the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) database from 1993 to 2008, 7,655 articles referring to sport or sports were available. The publication analyses showed that 13 core journals published the most articles in the behavioral sciences of sport. By analyzing all titles, author keywords, and KeyWords Plus, the results showed that physical education, athlete performance, and sports participation were the mainstream issues of sport research in the 16-year study period. The words adolescent, youth, and children frequently appeared, indicating that the emphasis of sport research focused on these participant groups. This bibliometric study reviewed global sports research in SSCI, and described certain patterns or trends in prior research on sport.

  12. Transformation To Dual Physical Problems for The Visualization of Abstract Topics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suleyman Gokhun Tanyer

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract topics are often very difficult to be visualized for the undergraduate students in mathematics, physics and engineering.Those problems could be represented by four fundamental examples; basic vector algebra, formation of standing waves, polarization of waves and optical filtering. In this work, the performance of teaching abstract topics using two different approaches are comparatively examined; the classical mathematical derivations and the transformation of abstract topics to visual dual physical problems. Efficiency of methodsare analysed statistically.Third year electrical engineering students’ exam results are examined using the empirical cumulative distribution function (ECDF. The transformation method is observed to be helpful, especially for below the average students. Formations of healthy normally distributed exam scores are observed.

  13. Transplantation as an abstract good

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoeyer, Klaus; Jensen, Anja Marie Bornø; Olejaz, Maria

    2015-01-01

    a more general salience in the organ transplant field by way of facilitating a perception of organ transplantation as an abstract moral good rather than a specific good for specific people. Furthermore, we suggest that multiple forms of ignorance sustain each other: a desire for ignorance with respect......This article investigates valuations of organ transfers that are currently seen as legitimising increasingly aggressive procurement methods in Denmark. Based on interviews with registered donors and the intensive care unit staff responsible for managing organ donor patients we identify three types...... to the prioritisation of recipients sustains pressure for more organs; this pressure necessitates more aggressive measures in organ procurement and these measures increase the need for ignorance in relation to the actual procedures as well as the actual recipients. These attempts to avoid knowledge are in remarkable...

  14. Regulatory and technical reports (abstract index journal). Volume 20, No. 2: Compilation for second quarter April--June 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    This compilation consists of bibliographic data and abstracts for the formal regulatory and technical reports issued by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff and its contractors. It is NRC`s intention to publish this compilation quarterly and to cumulate it annually.

  15. Comparative study of liposomes, transfersomes and ethosomes as carriers for improving topical delivery of celecoxib.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bragagni, Marco; Mennini, Natascia; Maestrelli, Francesca; Cirri, Marzia; Mura, Paola

    2012-01-01

    Topical administration of celecoxib proved to be an effective mean of preventing skin cancer development and improving anticancer drugs effectiveness in skin tumors treatment. The aim of this study was the development of an effective topical formulation of celecoxib, able to promote drug skin delivery, providing its in depth penetration through the skin layers. Three kinds of vesicular formulations have been investigated as drug carriers: liposomes containing a surfactant, or transfersomes and ethosomes, containing suitable edge activators. Firstly, the effect of membrane composition variations on the system performance has been evaluated for each vesicle type. Selected formulations were characterized for particle size, polydispersity index and encapsulation efficiency. The best formulations were subjected to ex vivo permeation studies through excised human skin. All vesicular formulations markedly (p ethosomes, respectively. In particular, ethosomes containing Tween 20 as edge activator not only showed the best vesicle dimensions and homogeneity, and the highest encapsulation efficacy (54.4%), but also enabled the highest increase in drug penetration through the skin, probably due to the simultaneous presence in their composition of ethanol and Tween 20, both acting as permeation enhancers. Therefore, among the various vesicular formulations examined in the study, Tween 20-ethosomes can be considered the most promising one as carrier for topical celecoxib applications aimed to prevent skin cancer development and increase the anticancer drugs effectiveness against skin tumors.

  16. Metacognition and abstract reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markovits, Henry; Thompson, Valerie A; Brisson, Janie

    2015-05-01

    The nature of people's meta-representations of deductive reasoning is critical to understanding how people control their own reasoning processes. We conducted two studies to examine whether people have a metacognitive representation of abstract validity and whether familiarity alone acts as a separate metacognitive cue. In Study 1, participants were asked to make a series of (1) abstract conditional inferences, (2) concrete conditional inferences with premises having many potential alternative antecedents and thus specifically conducive to the production of responses consistent with conditional logic, or (3) concrete problems with premises having relatively few potential alternative antecedents. Participants gave confidence ratings after each inference. Results show that confidence ratings were positively correlated with logical performance on abstract problems and concrete problems with many potential alternatives, but not with concrete problems with content less conducive to normative responses. Confidence ratings were higher with few alternatives than for abstract content. Study 2 used a generation of contrary-to-fact alternatives task to improve levels of abstract logical performance. The resulting increase in logical performance was mirrored by increases in mean confidence ratings. Results provide evidence for a metacognitive representation based on logical validity, and show that familiarity acts as a separate metacognitive cue.

  17. Topical peptides as cosmeceuticals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varadraj Vasant Pai

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Peptides are known to have diverse biological roles, most prominently as signaling/regulatory molecules in a broad variety of physiological processes including defense, immunity, stress, growth, homeostasis and reproduction. These aspects have been used in the field of dermatology and cosmetology to produce short, stable and synthetic peptides for extracellular matrix synthesis, pigmentation, innate immunity and inflammation. The evolution of peptides over the century, which started with the discovery of penicillin, has now extended to their usage as cosmeceuticals in recent years. Cosmeceutical peptides may act as signal modulators of the extracellular matrix component, as structural peptides, carrier peptides and neurotransmitter function modulators. Transdermal delivery of peptides can be made more effective by penetration enhancers, chemical modification or encapsulation of peptides. The advantages of using peptides as cosmeceuticals include their involvement in many physiological functions of the skin, their selectivity, their lack of immunogenicity and absence of premarket regulatory requirements for their use. However, there are disadvantages: clinical evidence for efficacy is often weak, absorption may be poor due to low lipophilicity, high molecular weight and binding to other ingredients, and prices can be quite high.

  18. Abstraction and Consolidation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monaghan, John; Ozmantar, Mehmet Fatih

    2006-01-01

    The framework for this paper is a recently developed theory of abstraction in context. The paper reports on data collected from one student working on tasks concerned with absolute value functions. It examines the relationship between mathematical constructions and abstractions. It argues that an abstraction is a consolidated construction that can…

  19. SERS internship fall 1995 abstracts and research papers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, Beverly

    1996-05-01

    This report is a compilation of twenty abstracts and their corresponding full papers of research projects done under the US Department of Energy Science and Engineering Research Semester (SERS) program. Papers cover a broad range of topics, for example, environmental transport, supercomputers, databases, biology. Selected papers were indexed separately for inclusion the the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  20. Print: University of Gaziantep Press. Abstracted and Indexed in: ULAKBİM national index EBSCO Host database Indexcopernius index Akademia Sosyal Bilimler Indeksi ERGO ( Educational Research Global Observary NewJour Türk Eğitim İndeks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available ed and Indexed in: ULAKBİM national index EBSCO Host database Indexcopernius index Akademia Sosyal Bilimler Indeksi ERGO ( Educational Research Global Observary NewJour Türk Eğitim İndeks

  1. Abstraction and art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gortais, Bernard

    2003-01-01

    In a given social context, artistic creation comprises a set of processes, which relate to the activity of the artist and the activity of the spectator. Through these processes we see and understand that the world is vaster than it is said to be. Artistic processes are mediated experiences that open up the world. A successful work of art expresses a reality beyond actual reality: it suggests an unknown world using the means and the signs of the known world. Artistic practices incorporate the means of creation developed by science and technology and change forms as they change. Artists and the public follow different processes of abstraction at different levels, in the definition of the means of creation, of representation and of perception of a work of art. This paper examines how the processes of abstraction are used within the framework of the visual arts and abstract painting, which appeared during a period of growing importance for the processes of abstraction in science and technology, at the beginning of the twentieth century. The development of digital platforms and new man-machine interfaces allow multimedia creations. This is performed under the constraint of phases of multidisciplinary conceptualization using generic representation languages, which tend to abolish traditional frontiers between the arts: visual arts, drama, dance and music. PMID:12903659

  2. Chemical Abstracts Service Chemical Registry System. 10. Registration of substances from pre-1965 indexes of Chemical Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamill, K A; Nelson, R D; Vander Stouw, G G; Stobaugh, R E

    1988-11-01

    The Chemical Abstracts Service Chemical Registry System, operating since 1965, uniquely identifies chemical substances on the basis of molecular structure. Chemical Abstracts Service is now registering chemical substances cited in indexes to Chemical Abstracts prior to 1965. This effort will result in several hundred thousand additional chemical structures, along with their names, being available for online searching in the Registry File. Both the newly registered substances and those already on file are being linked to their pre-1965 citations in Chemical Abstracts in a new file called CAOLD. In this effort the printed Formula Index entries are converted to computer-readable form by using optical character recognition with the data subsequently processed with existing computer programs.

  3. Scientific program and abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerich, C. (ed.)

    1983-01-01

    The Fifth International Conference on High-Power Particle Beams is organized jointly by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Physics International Company. As in the previous conferences in this series, the program includes the following topics: high-power, electron- and ion-beam acceleration and transport; diode physics; high-power particle beam interaction with plasmas and dense targets; particle beam fusion (inertial confinement); collective ion acceleration; particle beam heating of magnetically confined plasmas; and generation of microwave/free-electron lasers.

  4. Measurement and Improvement of Subject Specialists Performance Searching Chemical Abstracts Online as Available on SDC Search Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copeland, Richard F.; And Others

    The first phase of a project to design a prompting system to help semi-experienced end users to search Chemical Abstracts online, this study focused on the differences and similarities in the search approaches used by experienced users and those with less expertise. Four online searches on topics solicited from chemistry professors in small…

  5. 英文摘要%MAIN TOPICS, ABSTRACTS & KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Amorphous alloys are linked to bulk metallic glasses by using the compaction method, explosive welding,flash welding, laser welding, electron beam welding, friction welding, friction stir welding, SHS welding and so on, which is paid attention by domestic and foreign scholars gradually. Therefore, the theory, technical characteristics and development of various welding methods are summarized in the paper. Through the research of welding methods of amorphous alloys, it is pointed that the main factors restricting the development of welding technique are low energy density and low thermal stability. Its development direction is presented from the angle of the thermodynamics and dynamics.

  6. Abstract spatial reasoning as an autistic strength.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer L Stevenson

    Full Text Available Autistic individuals typically excel on spatial tests that measure abstract reasoning, such as the Block Design subtest on intelligence test batteries and the Raven's Progressive Matrices nonverbal test of intelligence. Such well-replicated findings suggest that abstract spatial processing is a relative and perhaps absolute strength of autistic individuals. However, previous studies have not systematically varied reasoning level--concrete vs. abstract--and test domain--spatial vs. numerical vs. verbal, which the current study did. Autistic participants (N = 72 and non-autistic participants (N = 72 completed a battery of 12 tests that varied by reasoning level (concrete vs. abstract and domain (spatial vs. numerical vs. verbal. Autistic participants outperformed non-autistic participants on abstract spatial tests. Non-autistic participants did not outperform autistic participants on any of the three domains (spatial, numerical, and verbal or at either of the two reasoning levels (concrete and abstract, suggesting similarity in abilities between autistic and non-autistic individuals, with abstract spatial reasoning as an autistic strength.

  7. Abstract spatial reasoning as an autistic strength.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, Jennifer L; Gernsbacher, Morton Ann

    2013-01-01

    Autistic individuals typically excel on spatial tests that measure abstract reasoning, such as the Block Design subtest on intelligence test batteries and the Raven's Progressive Matrices nonverbal test of intelligence. Such well-replicated findings suggest that abstract spatial processing is a relative and perhaps absolute strength of autistic individuals. However, previous studies have not systematically varied reasoning level--concrete vs. abstract--and test domain--spatial vs. numerical vs. verbal, which the current study did. Autistic participants (N = 72) and non-autistic participants (N = 72) completed a battery of 12 tests that varied by reasoning level (concrete vs. abstract) and domain (spatial vs. numerical vs. verbal). Autistic participants outperformed non-autistic participants on abstract spatial tests. Non-autistic participants did not outperform autistic participants on any of the three domains (spatial, numerical, and verbal) or at either of the two reasoning levels (concrete and abstract), suggesting similarity in abilities between autistic and non-autistic individuals, with abstract spatial reasoning as an autistic strength.

  8. Comprehensiveness of "Social Work Abstracts" as a Database for Researchers and Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shek, Daniel T. L.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The comprehensiveness of "Social Work Abstracts (SWA)" as a database was examined. Method: The coverage of articles of "Research on Social Work Practice" and "Social Work Research" in "SWA" from 1995 to 2005 was examined. "SWA" was compared with other databases on several dimensions. A case study based on the author's publications was…

  9. Comprehensiveness of "Social Work Abstracts" as a Database for Researchers and Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shek, Daniel T. L.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The comprehensiveness of "Social Work Abstracts (SWA)" as a database was examined. Method: The coverage of articles of "Research on Social Work Practice" and "Social Work Research" in "SWA" from 1995 to 2005 was examined. "SWA" was compared with other databases on several dimensions. A case study based on the author's publications was…

  10. Abstract Interpretation as a Programming Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mads Rosendahl

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In David Schmidt's PhD work he explored the use of denotational semantics as a programming language. It was part of an effort to not only treat formal semantics as specifications but also as interpreters and input to compiler generators. The semantics itself can be seen as a program and one may examine different programming styles and ways to represent states. Abstract interpretation is primarily a technique for derivation and specification of program analysis. As with denotational semantics we may also view abstract interpretations as programs and examine the implementation. The main focus in this paper is to show that results from higher-order strictness analysis may be used more generally as fixpoint operators for higher-order functions over lattices and thus provide a technique for immediate implementation of a large class of abstract interpretations. Furthermore, it may be seen as a programming paradigm and be used to write programs in a circular style.

  11. Abstract Interpretation as a Programming Language

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosendahl, Mads

    2013-01-01

    In David Schmidts PhD work he explored the use of denotational semantics as a programming language. It was part of an effort to not only treat formal semantics as specifications but also as interpreters and input to compiler generators. The semantics itself can be seen as a program and one may...... examine different programming styles and ways to represent states. Abstract interpretation is primarily a technique for derivation and specification of program analysis. As with denotational semantics we may also view abstract interpretations as programs and examine the implementation. The main focus...... in this paper is to show that results from higher-order strictness analysis may be used more generally as fixpoint operators for higher-order functions over lattices and thus provide a technique for immediate implementation of a large class of abstract interpretations. Furthermore, it may be seen...

  12. Contents and Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    [Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations] Title: On Poseidon's Image in Homeric Epics Author: Zhu Yizhang, Lecturer, School of History and Culture, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, 250100, China. Abstract: Poseidon was an important role in religion, myth and literature of ancient Greece. His religious functions, and status in mythical image in literature were mainly established by Homeric Epics. Poseidon doesn't only appear frequently in the Homeric Epics but also influences the development of the plots directly; therefore, he could be seen as one of the most important gods in the Epics. But Homeric Epics do not introduce his basic image clearly. In Homeric Epics, Poseidon carries the deity and humanity aspect of the figure, and the latter was emphasized, which implied his archetype was a mortal wanax.

  13. Temporal dynamics of categorization: Forgetting as the basis of abstraction and generalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haley eVlach

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Historically, models of categorization have focused on how learners track frequencies and co-occurrence information to abstract relevant category features for generalization. The current study takes a different approach by examining how the temporal dynamics of categorization affect abstraction and generalization. In the learning phase of the experiment, all relevant category features were presented an equal number of times across category exemplars. However, the relevant features were presented on one of two learning schedules: massed or interleaved. At a series of immediate and delayed tests, learners were asked to generalize to novel exemplars that contained massed features, interleaved features, or all novel features. The results of this experiment revealed that, at an immediate test, learners more readily generalized based upon features presented on a massed schedule. Conversely, at a delayed test, learners more readily generalized based upon features presented on an interleaved schedule, until information was no longer readily retrievable from memory. These findings suggest that forgetting and retrieval processes engendered by the temporal dynamics of learning are used as a basis of abstraction, implicating forgetting as a central mechanism of generalization.

  14. MAIN TOPICS,ABSTRACTS&KEY WORDS%MAIN TOPICS, ABSTRACTS & KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The surfaces of Aluminum melt drops had been oxidized during the process of flame-spraying, a layer of nonconductive oxide (A1203) was formed while melt-drops solidified in the coating. Meanwhile, the voids in the coating had an effect on the conductive property of Al coating. In this paper, the melt-drop grains were refined by shot peening treatment on the coating surface, porosity of coating got minimized, and conductive property was also improved. Compared with un-shot peened coatings, the resistance of shot peened coating had decreased to 0.043 mΩ while the conductivity was improved by one time.

  15. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [ Abstract ] The global resurgence of religion and the return of religion from the so-call "Westphalia Exile" to the central stage of international religions have significantly trans- formed the viewpoints of both media and academia toward the role of religion in IR, and the challenges posed by religion to the contemporary international relations are often described as entirely subversive. The author argues that as a second-tier factor in most countries' for- eign policies and international affairs,

  16. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Study on the Enrichment Regularity of Semicarbazide in Algae Tian Xiu-hui eta1. (1) Abstract Semicarbazide (SEM) in three kinds of representative algae (Nitzschia closterium, Tetraselmis chui and Dicrateria sp) and seawater was determined using ultra performance liquid chromatogram tandem mass spectrometry in this work. Accumulation of semicarbazide (SEM) in algae under laboratory conditions was studied.

  17. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Study on Optimization of Enzymic Preparation of Collagen Polypeptide from Skin of Gadous macrocephaius Liu Chun-e et al. (1) Abstract Enzymolysis was used to prepare collagen peptide. The optimum condition was determined based on one way ANOVA and orthogonal experimental design. The result indicated that use alkaline protease on the concentration of 4.5%,

  18. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    China' s Dual-identity Dilemma and Its Countermeasm'es Li Shaojun(4) [ Abstract] The international system, as the overall structure for interactions among actors, is the environment and stage for implementation of China' s foreign policy. In this system, identity is a fundamental factor determining China' s international position and interests, and how to achieve them. China has long stressed that it is a "developing country,"

  19. ABSTRACT FUNCTIONS OF BOUNDED VARIATION AND ABSOLUTE CONTINUITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WuCongxin; LiuTiefu

    1994-01-01

    As well known that in 1938,I. M. Gelfand firstly introduced abstract functions of bounded variation from [a,b] to a Banach space. After Gelfand's work,many mathematicians investigated various properties and of this kind of abstract functions, and also paid attention to the abstract functions of absolute continuity In this paper, we summarize to explain our work [1-17] about this topic.

  20. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Establishment and Distribution of the Police Stations in the Public Concessions in Modern Shanghai -Also on the Substitution Index of the Expansion of City Space WU Heng By analyzing relevant materials, this paper finds that the total number of police stations and the population is closely related to each other and regards it as the substitution index of city expansion. The author thinks that the urbanization of the public concessions can be divided into three phases, while this process is not in synchronization with the expansion of the land expansion of public concessions.

  1. INDEXING AND INDEX FUNDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HAKAN SARITAŞ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Proponents of the efficient market hypothesis believe that active portfolio management is largely wasted effort and unlikely to justify the expenses incurred. Therefore, they advocate a passive investment strategy that makes no attempt to outsmart the market. One common strategy for passive management is indexing where a fund is designed to replicate the performance of a broad-based index of stocks and bonds. Traditionally, indexing was used by institutional investors, but today, the use of index funds proliferated among individual investors. Over the years, both international and domestic index funds have disproportionately outperformed the market more than the actively managed funds have.

  2. Exoplanets and Multiverses (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimble, V.

    2016-12-01

    (Abstract only) To the ancients, the Earth was the Universe, of a size to be crossed by a god in a day, by boat or chariot, and by humans in a lifetime. Thus an exoplanet would have been a multiverse. The ideas gradually separated over centuries, with gradual acceptance of a sun-centered solar system, the stars as suns likely to have their own planets, other galaxies beyond the Milky Way, and so forth. And whenever the community divided between "just one' of anything versus "many," the "manies" have won. Discoveries beginning in 1991 and 1995 have gradually led to a battalion or two of planets orbiting other stars, very few like our own little family, and to moderately serious consideration of even larger numbers of other universes, again very few like our own. I'm betting, however, on habitable (though not necessarily inhabited) exoplanets to be found, and habitable (though again not necessarily inhabited) universes. Only the former will yield pretty pictures.

  3. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Establishment of a Method for Content Determination of Polysaccharide in Membranous milkveteh root Applied in Fisheries Yu Xiao-qing et al. (1) Abstract Some chemical component in the traditional Chinese medicine Membranous milkvetch root can improve the ability of disease-prevention of animal and it can be applied in fisheries. In the paper, the method about content determination of polysaccharide in the root was established based on orthogonal experimental design Key words medicine; polysaccharide in Membranous milkvetch root; method of determination

  4. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The Research of the Subsistent States of the Artists Living in Guilin During the Anti-Japanese Period;A Brief History of Calligraphy Art of Chongqing as Provisional Capital during the Anti-Japanese Period;The Endless Stream and Terraced Mountains:on the Analysisof Spacein Chinese Landscape Painting of Gongxian;Political Vanguard in the Perspective View of the Formalism Aesthetic: 1980s Abstract Painting in China;Comparison of the Early-Stage Spreading of Western Pre-Modem Style Painting and Its Influence in China and Japan.

  5. Topical application of the Wnt/β-catenin activator methyl vanillate increases hair count and hair mass index in women with androgenetic alopecia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tosti, Antonella; Zaiac, Martin N; Canazza, Agnese; Sanchis-Gomar, Fabian; Pareja-Galeano, Helios; Alis, Rafael; Lucia, Alejandro; Emanuele, Enzo

    2016-12-01

    Activation of the WNT/β-catenin pathway has emerged as a potential therapeutic target in androgenetic alopecia (AGA). Methyl vanillate (MV) - a safe plant-derived ingredient - has been recently shown to activate the WNT/β-catenin signaling. Objectives Two distinct substudies were conducted. First, we designed a 6-month, uncontrolled, open-label clinical study to investigate whether topically applied MV may increase hair count and hair mass index (HMI) in female AGA. Second, we conducted a molecular study on the effect of MV on WNT10B mRNA expression in scalp biopsies of women with AGA. A total of 20 Caucasian women (age range: 25-57 years) with AGA (Sinclair grade 1-2) were included. The research product was an alcohol-free formulation supplied in the form of a spray containing 0.2% MV as the active ingredient. In the clinical study, hair count and HMI were found to increase at 6 months by 6% (P hair count and HMI by inducing WNT10B expression in the scalp, potentially serving as a novel treatment strategy for female AGA. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Determination of the Estrogen Alkylphenols and Bisphenol A in Marine Sediments by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Deng Xu-xiu et al. (1) Abstract Octylphenol, nonylphenol and bisphenol A are recognized environmental endocrine disruptors. A quantitative method was established for the simultaneous determination of octylphenol, nonylphenol and bisphenol A in marine sediments by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The test sample was extracted by methanol with ultrasonic technique, purified with copper powder and carbon solid phase extraction column, and derived with heptafluorobutyric anhydride. Then the analytes were separated on HP-5ms column and determined by gas chromatography-mass. The recovery of the method was between 84.3% and 94.5%, and the LOQ of 4-N- octylphenol, nonylphenol and bisphenol A was 0.25 g/kg, 0.15 g/kg and 0.15 g/kg. Key words octylphenol; nonylphenol; bisphenol A; gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

  7. Abstract Interpretation and Attribute Gramars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosendahl, Mads

    The objective of this thesis is to explore the connections between abstract interpretation and attribute grammars as frameworks in program analysis. Abstract interpretation is a semantics-based program analysis method. A large class of data flow analysis problems can be expressed as non......-standard semantics where the ``meaning'' contains information about the runtime behaviour of programs. In an abstract interpretation the analysis is proved correct by relating it to the usual semantics for the language. Attribute grammars provide a method and notation to specify code generation and program analysis...... directly from the syntax of the programming language. They are especially used for describing compilation of programming languages and very efficient evaluators have been developed for subclasses of attribute grammars. By relating abstract interpretation and attribute grammars we obtain a closer connection...

  8. Automatization and Abstract Problem-Solving as Predictors of Academic Achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meltzer, Lynn J.; And Others

    The associations among cognitive automatization, abstract problem solving, and educational performance were studied using 127 fourth to ninth grade students. A number of measures of fast, automatic, and fluent performance (FAF measures) were used: writing the alphabet; reading from a word list; and mentally performing arithmetic operations. The…

  9. Abstracts of SIG Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1995

    1995-01-01

    Presents abstracts of 15 special interest group (SIG) sessions. Topics include navigation and information utilization in the Internet, natural language processing, automatic indexing, image indexing, classification, users' models of database searching, online public access catalogs, education for information professions, information services,…

  10. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Acute Toxicity Test of Four Drugs to Perch Fries Zhu You-fang et al(1) Abstract Acute toxicity test of four drugs to perch Lateolabrax maculates were studied. The results showed: (1)The LC50 values of perch to copper sulfate was 4.58 mg/L(24h), 2.93 mg/ L(48h), 1.81 mg/L(72h) and 0.78 mg/L (96h) respectively; to SHA CHONG WEI was 35.11 mg/ L(24h), 15.81 mg/L(48h), 11.20 mg/L(72h), 9.36 mg/ L (96h)respectively;

  11. SERS internship Fall 1992--Spring 1993: Abstract and research papers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-08-05

    This report contains the abstracts and research papers by students on a variety of topics in engineering, genetics, solid state physics, thermonuclear energy, astrophysics, and other science related topics.

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    (1) ASEAN Security Community: Power Containment and Norm Construction --From the Perspective of Realist-Constructivism Zheng Ying-qin . 11 . Abstract:Combined of realism and constructivism, realist-constructivism emphasizes the interactions between power and identity through norms and their influence on international relations. From the perspective of realist-con- structivism, this article analyses the construction of ASEAN security community and figures out two main clues in the n of ASEAN : the containment of power system that facilitate the strategic cooperation of ASEAN and norms which promotes the cooperation. ASEAN has made achievements in security cooperation but security community. There are still lots of problems ASEAN needs to tackle, for example, to con- institution as well as to strengthen the regional economic interdependence. The possible way to pro- mote the ASEAN security community may start from the area of non-traditional security cooperation Key Wwords: ASEAN security community ; Realist-Constructivism ; power; norm

  13. National fuel cell seminar. Program and abstracts. [Abstracts of 40 papers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1977-01-01

    Abstracts of 40 papers are presented. Topics include fuel cell systems, phosphoric acid fuel cells, molten carbonate fuel cells, solid fuel and solid electrolyte fuel cells, low temperature fuel cells, and fuel utilization. (WHK)

  14. Abstract

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    published more than 80 peer-reviewed articles and book chapters on topics .... In reviewing the literature, we found no studies that addressed .... self based on HIV status, 5 items, alpha = 0.906; (iii) health care ..... Disclosure of HIV status:.

  15. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Discussion on main hydraulic performance parameters' model acceptance test of mixed flow pump turbine YU Ji-xing, LI Jin-wei, CHEN Liu, REN Shao-cheng, JIANG Ming-li, LI Hai-ling (China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China) Abstract: Model acceptance test content and main performance parameter' acceptance mode of mixed flow pump turbine were introduced, main hydraulic performance parameters, such as hump of pump high lift region and S unstable region during turbine starting, were discussed, after that, frequency characteristic of pressure fluctuation beside guide blade area were presented in briefly. Key words: pump turbine; model acceptance test; hump region; "S" region; pressure fluctuation

  16. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Shift of World Center and the Change of the International System Yan Xuetong Abstract: The power transition caused by China' s rise will not only change the international configuration, but could also result in the world cen- ter shifting from Europe to Asia. However, neither a change in the interna- tional configuration nor the shift of the world center implies a change of the type of the international system. The international system is composed of three elements: international actors, international configuration and interna- tional norms. It will be neither possible to distinguish international system from its components nor clarify relations between components and system if changes in one element are treated as change of types of international system.

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the Construction of Water Conservancy during 1930s in Hubei Yu Tao ( 1 ) Abstract: Two extra-large floods in the 1930s had drawn the National Government's attention to introspect itself. After those disasters, the government had made some progress by a series of measures like repairing the dike, completing water conservancy institutions and enacting regulations in order to strengthen the water conservancy construction in Hubei. The government took water conservancy construction as a complex system project so that they had a relatively comprehensive consideration. It reflects the advancement of modern government to mobilize local people and put such social power into the unified planning. However, thelimitations of the government's policy implementation weakened the effect of water conservancy construction. Keywords: flood; government; water conservancy construction; effect

  18. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    [ Abstract] Interaction between China and the international system has been a highlighted is- sue and drawing a great deal of attention all over the world. It has been approached from structural point of view and in a way of a conflicting pair of self and the other, which is the prevailing ontological perspective of IR studies. Contrary to it, processual

  19. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Study on the Long-distance Transportation of Argopecten irridians concentricus ShenQin-long(1) Abstract The experiment was carried out in order to improve the survival rate of the scallop. The result indicated that keeping the water temperature at 4℃ was reasonable for the long-distance transportation of the scallop with oxygenated bags.

  20. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Cognitive Structure of Scientific Theory in the Scientist-Philosopher's Eyes、Two Theories of Scientific Abstraction Centered on Practices、Many-worlds Interpretation in Quantum Measurement and Its Meaning、Scientific Instrument: Paradigm Shift from Instrumentalism to Realism and Phenomenology

  1. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The Western Theories of War Ethics and Contemporary Controversies Li Xiaodong U Ruijing (4) [ Abstract] In the field of international relations, war ethics is a concept with distinct westem ideological color. Due to factors of history and reality, the in

  2. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Western Characteristics of the Pardims of International Studies in America:With the Huaxla System as a Counterexample Ye Zicheng (4)[ Abstract ] Three flaws are obvious in the three paradigms of International Studies in America. Specifically, their arguments are based on the assumption that the world is anarchic ; they go too far in employing the scientific and rational methodology; they pay little attention to the humans. Hence, the three paradigms of international studies in America aren' t necessarily useful for the explanation of China' s history and culture as well as its relations with the outside world. The Huaxia system, for example, is anarchic but also apparently hierarchical; the approach of pursuing security in understanding the rise of western powers may be meaningless, for the hegemony in the Huaxia System needn't worry about its security; the theory of power-balancing seemingly couldn' t explain why Qin ended up in defeating the alliance of the other six states in the Warring-states period. The Huaxia system is quite open, and has free movement of people, goods, and ideas. Some interstate regimes and institutions were formed through Huimeng (alliance-making) among states. However, this kind of limited and fragile interdependence and cooperation soon came to an end after the hegemonies of Qi, Jin and Wei. There does exit the identity problem among states in the Huaxia System, but this problem doesn't play such a great role as the constructivists expect it would.

  3. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Strategic Realism: An Option for China' s Grand Strategy Song Dexing (4) [ Abstract] As a non-Western emerging power, China should positively adapt its grand strategy to the strategic psychological traits in the 21st century, maintain a realist tone consistent with the national conditions of China, and avoid adventurist policies while awaring both strategic strength and weakness. In the 21st century, China' s grand strategy should be based on such core values as security, development, peace and justice, especially focusing on development in particular, which we named "strategic realism". Given the profound changes in China and the world, strategic realism encourages active foreign policy to safe- guard the long-term national interests of China. Following the self-help logic and the fun- damental values of security and prosperity, strategic realism concerns national interests as its top-priority. It advocates smart use of power, and aims to achieve its objectives by optimizing both domestic and international conditions. From the perspective of diplomatic phi- losophy, strategic realism is not a summarization of concrete policies but a description of China' s grand strategy orientations in the new century. [ Key Words] China, grand strategy, strategic realism [ Author]Song Dexing, Professor, Ph.D. Supervisor, and Director of the Center for International Strategic Studies, University of International Studies of PLA.

  4. Resina Draconis as a topical treatment for pressure ulcers: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jiaqi; Xiong, Tian; Yang, Ying; Li, Jie; Mao, Jing

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, a number of studies have reported on Resina Draconis (RD) as a topical treatment for pressure ulcers. To evaluate these studies, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the efficacy of RD for pressure ulcers. We searched eight electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials in which RD treatment was compared with other topical treatment of pressure ulcers from 1980 to 2014. Selection of studies, study appraisal, data extraction and analysis were undertaken using standard methods. Fourteen randomized controlled trials were included involving 618 patients. The results of the meta-analysis showed that, RD treatment was significantly associated with a higher healing rate for pressure ulcers (risk ratio 2.07, 95% confidence intervals 1.73-2.48, p < 0.001). The results of descriptive analysis showed that, compared with the control group, RD treatment shortened healing time. As for safety, adverse reactions had not been reported. These results suggest that RD can improve the healing rate for pressure ulcers and shorten the healing time, compared with other topical treatments. However, due to limited quality and quantity of the included studies, this conclusion needs to be proved by more high quality studies.

  5. Preparation and Characterization of a Lecithin Nanoemulsion as a Topical Delivery System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Huafeng; Yue, Yang; Liu, Guanlan; Li, Yan; Zhang, Jing; Gong, Qiu; Yan, Zemin; Duan, Mingxing

    2010-01-01

    Purpose of this study was to establish a lecithin nanoemulsion (LNE) without any synthetic surfactant as a topical delivery vehicle and to evaluate its topical delivery potential by the following factors: particle size, morphology, viscosity, stability, skin hydration and skin penetration. Experimental results demonstrated that an increasing concentration of soybean lecithin and glycerol resulted in a smaller size LNE droplet and increasing viscosity, respectively. The droplet size of optimized LNE, with the glycerol concentration above 75% (w/w), changed from 92 (F10) to 58 nm (F14). Additionally, LNE, incorporated into o/w cream, improved the skin hydration capacity of the cream significantly with about 2.5-fold increase when the concentration of LNE reached 10%. LNE was also demonstrated to improve the penetrability of Nile red (NR) dye into the dermis layer, when an o/w cream, incorporated with NR-loaded LNE, applied on the abdominal skin of rat in vivo. Specifically, the arbitrary unit (ABU) of fluorescence in the dermis layer that had received the cream with a NR-loaded LNE was about 9.9-fold higher than the cream with a NR-loaded general emulsion (GE). These observations suggest that LNE could be used as a promising topical delivery vehicle for lipophilic compounds.

  6. Efficient abstractions for visualization and interaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Ploeg, A.J.

    2015-01-01

    Abstractions, such as functions and methods, are an essential tool for any programmer. Abstractions encapsulate the details of a computation: the programmer only needs to know what the abstraction achieves, not how it achieves it. However, using abstractions can come at a cost: the resulting program

  7. Microemulsions as vehicles for topical administration of voriconazole: formulation and in vitro evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Hadidy, Gladious Naguib; Ibrahim, Howida Kamal; Mohamed, Magdi Ibrahim; El-Milligi, Mohamed Farid

    2012-01-01

    This work was undertaken to investigate microemulsion (ME) as a topical delivery system for the poorly water-soluble voriconazole. Different ME components were selected for the preparation of plain ME systems with suitable rheological properties for topical use. Two permeation enhancers were incorporated, namely sodium deoxycholate or oleic acid. Drug-loaded MEs were evaluated for their physical appearance, pH, rheological properties and in vitro permeation studies using guinea pig skin. MEs based on polyoxyethylene(10)oleyl ether (Brij 97) as the surfactant showed pseudoplastic flow with thixotropic behavior and were loaded with voriconazole. Jojoba oil-based MEs successfully prolonged voriconazole release up to 4 h. No significant changes in physical or rheological properties were recorded on storage for 12 months at ambient conditions. The presence of permeation enhancers favored transdermal rather than dermal delivery. Sodium deoxycholate was more effective than oleic acid for enhancing the voriconazole permeation. Voriconazole-loaded MEs, with and without enhancers, showed significantly better antifungal activity against Candida albicans than voriconazole supersaturated solution. In conclusion, the studied ME formulae could be promising vehicles for topical delivery of voriconazole.

  8. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    [Abstract] The essay analyzed the action logic of hegemon with a power approach. Hegemony can be classified as benign or malignant. A benign hegemon should be pro- ductive, inclusive and maintain procedure justice when it uses its power. The power of hegemon can be categorized into two types: the hard power, which is the use of coer- cion and payment and can be measured by public products, and the soft power, which shows the ability to attract and co-opt and can be measured by the relationship-specific investments. The relationship between the input of public products and the relationship -specific investments is not positively correlative. Confusing with the public products and the soft power might lead to strategic misleading. A country rich in power re- sources should comply with the following principles if it wanted to improve its hard power and soft power: first, analyze the scope of the existing hegemon's soft power and avoid investing public products in the scope; second, maintain honesty in a long term and continue to increase others' benefits following the rule of neutral Pareto im- provement; third, provide both public goods and public bads; fourth, be more patient to obtain soft power. [ Key Words] hegemon, soft power, relationship-specific investment, strategic misleading [Authors]Feng Weijiang, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Science; Yu Jieya, Master, PBC Shanghai Headquarters.

  9. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: The ethylene plant at SINOPEC Shanghai Petrochemical Company Limited ranked in the middle among SINOPEC subsidiaries in terms of ethylene and propylene yields, technical economical indicator and so on, and its performance ranking went no further in chemical sector. By means of feedstock optimization, steam optimization, and energy saving and consumption reduction, the company enhanced its competitiveness in the market and improved its efficiency. In addition, some ideas were put forward on performance improvement of the ethylene plant in the future.

  10. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Discussions of Design Highlights for Tailgas Treatment in Sulphuric Acid Plant Using New Technology for Flue Gas Desulfurization Through Catalytic Reduction LI Xin , CAO Long-wen , YIN Hua-qiang , El Yue-li , LI Jian-iun ( 1 ,College of Architecture and Environment, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China;2 ,Daye Nonferrous Metals Co., Ltd., Huangshi 435000, China; 3 ,Tile Sixth Construction Company Ltd. of China National Chemical Engineering Corp., Xiangfan 441021, China) Abstract : For the present situation of tailgas treatment in current sulphuric acid plants and existing problems with commonly used technologies, the fun- damental working principle, process flow and reference project for a new technology for flue gas desulfurization through catalytic redaction which is used for tailgas treatment in a sulphuric acid plant and recovery of sulphur resource are outlined. The design highlights of this technology are analyzed and the are proposed. Compared to conventional technologies, this new technology offers high desulfurization efficiency and unique technology, which can effectively tackle the difficuhies of tailgas treatment in sulphuric acid plants after enforcement of the new standard. This new technology is thought to be significant economic benefit, environmental benefit, as well as a promising future of application.

  11. Sessions with Associated Abstracts by Day: Teaching Materials and Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Physiologist, 1984

    1984-01-01

    Presented are abstracts of five papers on teaching materials/methods presented at the 35th annual meeting of the American Physiological Society. Topic areas include expert system used as a teacher/consultant in hemostasis problems, computer assisted testing, and excitation/conduction properties of membranes as illustrated by the compound action…

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    ( 1 )How does China Appraise the Rising of India Zhao Can-cheng · 1 · Abstract: The rising of India has become an important topic in Chinese Media in the 21st century,and how does China appraise the rising of India is worth discussion. According to the recognition of Chinese official, media and schol- ars on India, this paper discusses the possible impact on China following India's rise and make a prediction on Sino-In- dia relationships. Key Words: China; Appraise ; Rising of India

  13. Circularity and Lambda Abstraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danvy, Olivier; Thiemann, Peter; Zerny, Ian

    2013-01-01

    circular unknowns as dead variables, and we apply the functions to them. The result is a lazy circular program a la Bird. We illustrate the two transformations by mapping an algebraic construct to an isomorphic one with new leaves, reading a binary number as sug- gested by Knuth, and backpatching...

  14. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    (1) Lenin's "Unity of Three Dialectics": Notes Science of Logic and The Capital on Philosophy in the Dual Contexts of Sun Zhengyu 4 Lenin's dialectics in Notes on Philosophy is essentially a unity of materialistic logic, dialectics and epistemology that has arisen from interactions between Hegel' s Science of Logic and Marx' s The Capital. Due to a lack of understanding of Lenin' s "unity of three dialectics," people tend to misunderstand his dialectics for the meeting of two extremes of the "sum total of living instances" andabstract methods,

  15. Contents and Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    STORAGE TECHNOLOGIES 1. The Selection, Process Design and Application of Submerged Pump in Abstract: The positive Gas Station. Chen Ziru. and negative pressure type oil transportation process system in gas station is described briefly, and the selection, features, process design and application of submerged pump used in positive pressure type oil transportation process are discussed as well.

  16. Abstracts and Key Words

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Religion, State and Civil Religion: Assumption and Practice of Confucian Religion in the Course of Nation-state Construction CAN Chun-song Abstract: In late Qing Dynasty and the early years of the Republic of China, Kang You-wei made a proposal to set Confucian religion as state religion. After analyzing carefully Kang's related texts, however, it can be shown that Kang had unique understandings of "religion" and "state religion". Kang defined Confucianism as religion in the sense of cultivation, and emphasized that the function of Confucianism was moral education. Kang's understanding of "state religion" aims to conserve Chinese traditional cultures and customs, shape the identity of nation-state, and enhance the state's cohesion. In this sense, Kang's definition of "national religion" is similar to to Bellah's "civil religion".

  17. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    --Based on of Marx's Economic Philosophy Manuscripts of 1844 HE Jian-jin (Philosophy Department, Fujian Provincial Committee Party School, Fuzhou, Fujian 350012, China) Abstract: Socialism with Chinese characteristics has a close relationship with the return and growth of capital in China. To implement the scientific concept of development, we must confront the problem of scientifically controlling the capital. In Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, Marx criticized the three old philosophical thinking of treating capital: Object-oriented thinking, intuitive thinking, purely spiritual abstract thinking, and he established his own unique understanding of the capital that is to understand the capital from the human perceptual activities and practical activities. Contemporary Chinese society exist the problem of underdevelopment and abnormal development, and the three heterogeneity problems of pre-modern, modern, postmodern concurrent. In order to implement the scientific concept of development, we must reject any abstract positive or negative to modern basic principles under the guidance of the capital, against the eternal capital theory and capital theory of evil, and we must oppose the thinking that the capital is eternal or evil. Key words: socialism with Chinese characteristics; capital; national economics; scientific concept of development

  18. Contents, Abstracts and Keywords

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Ethnic Minority Rights from the Angle of Multiculturalism Zhou Shaoqing(1) Abstract: Historically, multiculturalism was closely related to the ethnic minority rights. Currently there are two features in the research on multiculturalism and the ethnic minority rights. One is that most researchers do not strictly distinguish the different dimensions of multiculturalism, the other is that they tend to regard only multiculturalism as a theory of the ethnic minority rights, and less attach its importance to the multi-ethnie state construction. The thesis argues that multiculturalism has at least five dimensions, such as fact, theory, ideology, policy, and normative principle. The concept of the ethnic minority rights in each dimension has its special meaning and effect. The ethnic minority rights protection and the multi-ethnic state construction are two different aspects in the same historical process. Multiculturalism is not only a theory of the ethnic minority rights, but also an important supportive theory of the multi-ethnic state construction.

  19. Program and abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-10-01

    The increasing scale-up of fast pyrolysis in North America and Europe, as well as the exploration and expansion of markets for the energy use of biocrude oils that now needs to take place, suggested that it was timely to convene an international meeting on the properties and combustion behavior of these oils. A common understanding of the state-of-the-art and technical and other challenges which need to be met during the commercialization of biocrude fuel use, can be achieved. The technical issues and understanding of combustion of these oils are rapidly being advanced through R&D in the United States, Canada, Europe and Scandinavia. It is obvious that for the maximum economic impact of biocrude, it will be necessary to have a common set of specifications so that oils can be used interchangeably with engines and combustors which require minimal modification to use these renewable fuels. Fundamental and applied studies being pursued in several countries are brought together in this workshop so that we can arrive at common strategies. In this way, both the science and the commercialization are advanced to the benefit of all, without detracting from the competitive development of both the technology and its applications. This United States-Canada-Finland collaboration has led to the two and one half day specialists meeting at which the technical basis for advances in biocrude development is discussed. The goal is to arrive at a common agenda on issues that cross national boundaries in this area. Examples of agenda items are combustion phenomena, the behavior of trace components . of the oil (N, alkali metals), the formation of NO{sub x}, in combustion, the need for common standards and environmental safety and health issues in the handling, storage and transportation of biocrudes.

  20. Abstracts and Key Words

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Reason, Rationality and Reasonableness: An Essay Inspired by Chen Jia-ying's Dianoesis Abstract: The theme of Chen Jia-ying's Dianoesis should be understood as "on the reasoning for reasoning" rather than simply "on reasoning". In order to understand "the reasoning for reasoning", it may be better to review the history of Western philosophy, in which the focus of attention has been moved from"reason" through "rationality" to "reasonableness". Moreover, interpreting "reason" not only as rationality but also as reasonableness may help us overcome the dilemma between reason-dogmatism and reason-nihilism. The idea of "reasonableness" that has been discussed by various contemporary Western philosophers is very similar to the idea of "li xing" that was proposed by Chinese philosopher Liang Shu-ming on the basis of his comparison between Chinese and Western cultures. For the sake of developing our tradition of li xing or reasonableness, however, we should not ignore some serious weaknesses in this tradition while cherishing its valuable elements.

  1. ABSTRACTS AND AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Kang; BAI Zhenrui

    2014-01-01

    After a long negotiation, the contract of Sino-Russian Natural-gas Supply via the Eastern Gas Pipeline was finally signed, which also benefited greatly from the Ukraine situation. As required in this contract, gas transmission began from 2008 and then gas de-livery capacity should be increased year by year;from 2023, the an-nual capacity will reach 380×108m3;and the total cost is over$400 billion during the 30-year contract period. However, industry figure thinks whether the adequate gas supply will be on time or not is still uncertain. Increasing the mutual trust, seeking the common ground, and seizing the good chance could be the key terms to a successful negotiation without any doubt. If the bilateral relationship may de-velop further to make the phase two of gas transmission via both eastern and western pipelines into shape and to let the gas delivery capacity of Middle Asia grow, the annual capacity from the north and the west is going to be 1 500×108 m3 around 2030. All changes happened on global oil and gas supply and marketing structure make a contribution to China’s oil and gas import. Meanwhile, they also urge Russia to make more efforts to export oil and gas to East Asia. Owing to gradual increase of Sino-Russia oil and gas trades, their overall strategy partnership will improve immeasurably.

  2. Contents, Abstracts and Keywords

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Social Competition and the Construction of Ethnic Group: A Refection of Western Theory about Resource Competition Guan Kai(1) Abstract: The theory about resource competition claims that ethnic group, as a symbol, is a kind of toot in the social competition, and that on certain social conditions, people can be organized by ethnic group to strive for social resource, hence the boundary among ethnic groups is drawn. So the need of social competition and the strategy of individual and collectivity to meet it becomes the basic power to construct ethnic group. The paper reviews the origin and development of the theory about resource competition of ethnic group, and the relative cases; on the basis of the above, responds to the theory and analyzes its limitation. At the same time, the paper also tries to introduces a new variable--state--to the theory, that is to say, add a viewpoints of state in the theory about resource competition whose focus is on the society, and discovers the important role of state which means a competition coordinator and its function and effect in the construction of ethnic group. Keywords : resource competition; ethnic group ; state; construction of ethnic group ; competition of ethnic group.

  3. Donor risk index and organ patient index as predictors of graft survival after liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avolio, A W; Siciliano, M; Barbarino, R; Nure, E; Annicchiarico, B E; Gasbarrini, A; Agnes, S; Castagneto, M

    2008-01-01

    In liver transplantation the identification of risk factors and the risk quantification for each single case represent a field of great interest. There are donor-related and recipient-related risk factors. Donor risk index (DRI) was retrospectively calculated in 223 liver transplant cases. We did not include patients with preoperative diagnosis of hepatocarcinoma and retransplants. The cases were stratified into two classes according to the DRI (low risk, DRIor= 1.7). A new index, namely the organ patient index (OPI) was calculated adding the Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score to the DRI. Patients were stratified into two classes according to the OPI (low risk, OPI 2.85). The cases with low DRI (n=144) showed better survival than the cases with high DRI (n=82; P< .02). The cases with low OPI (n=173) showed better survival than cases with high OPI (n=50; P< .01). The OPI predicted outcomes better than DRI, increasing the gap in the long-term graft survival between the low- and the high-risk class. The inclusion of the MELD in the new index allowed better prediction of graft survival.

  4. Contents, Abstracts and Keywords

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Micro-Foundation of Macro-National Analysis: A Review on the Western Banal Nationalism Theory and Its Complement Gao Qiqi(1) Abstract: In recent years, banal nationalism has already created relatively important influence in western national theory areas, and stimulated new thoughts of two different paths: banal sub-nationalism and banal supra-nationalism. The emergence of banal nationalism theory means that micro-national analysis launched by primordialism is promoted into a more normative analyzing period. The meaning of banal nationalism is that it partly lowers the conflict and explosivity embedded in macro-national analysis, and it shows a national meaning world around the individual as a national member. The difficulties of this theory are two points, namely, the lack of consideration of elite function and the lack of integration of historical changes. In this article, the author tries to introduce the knowledge of western sociology to overcome those difficulties of banal nationalism. Enlightened by Collins's interaction ritual chains theory, the author puts forward an analysis framework of intra-national interaction field in order to summarize and generalize the western banal nationalism theory from the perspective of sociology; on the basis of it, tries to complement and develop the western banal nationalism theory.

  5. Evaluation of Topical Preparations Containing Curcuma, Acacia and Lupinus Extracts as an Anti-inflammatory Drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M M Hamzah

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Summary: This work was suggested on the basis of presence of curcuminoids in curcuma and the presence of flavonoidal constituent in acacia and lupinus. The aim of this study was to study their possible anti-inflammatory effect by separately formulation of the three extracts in a suitable gel formula for topical administration and comparison of the prepared gels with a standard gel in the market (diclosal Emulgel by using the carrageenan induced paw edema model in albino rats. The extracts were subjected to phytochemical screening tests using reported methods to determine the presence of various phytoconstituents. Gel formulation was prepared containing 8% of each extract separately in gel base, namely sodium carboxy methyl cellulose (NaCMC. The pharmacological screening revealed that percent reduction of edema produced by curcuma extract was 30.0%, by acacia extract was 4%, by ethanol fraction lupinus was 18% and by chloroform fraction lupinus was 11.3%, while diclofenac sodium topical gel produced 48% reduction of edema. Industrial relevance: Medicinal plants provide a host of chemical compounds, which have been optimized on the basis of their biological activities. Chemical compounds present in medicinal plants have shown great promise in the management of various inflammatory disorders and have continued to serve as alternative and complementary therapies. The present study will help the industry to produce herbal drug effective in the treatment of inflammation with less side effect and less costly when compared to the synthetic drugs.

  6. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On Rousseau's Equality and Freedom GONG Qun Abstract:Equality and freedom are the two core concepts of political philosophy and Rousseau~s political philosophy is no exception. Freedom and equality in Rousseau in- cludes two levels: natural state and social state under social contract, and among them, there is one state of un-equality. The relationship between the two concepts here is that equality is a necessary precondition of freedom, and that there is no equality, there is no freedom. The achievement of Rousseau~s equality is by one contractual behavior that all the members transfer their rights, especially property rights, and form of the Community. Freedom in Rousseau's mind is through the people's sovereignty in the Community to achieve freedom.

  7. When do self-discrepancies predict negative emotions? Exploring formal operational thought and abstract reasoning skills as moderators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevens, Erin N; Holmberg, Nicole J; Lovejoy, M Christine; Pittman, Laura D

    2014-01-01

    Individual differences in higher-order cognitive abilities may be an important piece to understanding how and when self-discrepancies lead to negative emotions. In the current study, three measures of reasoning abilities were considered as potential moderators of the relationship between self-discrepancies and depression and anxiety symptoms. Participants (N = 162) completed measures assessing self-discrepancies, depression and anxiety symptoms, and were administered measures examining formal operational thought, and verbal and non-verbal abstract reasoning skills. Both formal operational thought and verbal abstract reasoning were significant moderators of the relationship between actual:ideal discrepancies and depressive symptoms. Discrepancies predicted depressive symptoms for individuals with higher levels of formal operational thought and verbal abstract reasoning skills, but not for those with lower levels. The discussion focuses on the need to consider advanced reasoning skills when examining self-discrepancies.

  8. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Spiritual Construction and Its Ideological Sources in Contemporary China The spiritual construction in contemporary China is an important ideological task proposed by the historical practice of China. Modernized development often entails the meaning of entering into " modern civilization. " Nevertheless, an abstract understanding of this civilization has covered up its essential stipulation and historical nature. China has pursued its development on a different historical prerequisite from the west, and therefore, only partially belongs to modern capitalist modernization. The practical prospects of Chinese development imply a transformation and remodeling of the general lifestyle, life attitudes and values, which inevitably calls for a new form of philosophy. The ideological sources for this new philosophy are: Chinese philosophy, Western integration of them may point to philosophy and Marxist philosophy. A creative a potentially new type of civilization.

  9. Topical tranexamic acid as a promising treatment for melasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebrahimi, Bahareh; Naeini, Farahnaz Fatemi

    2014-01-01

    Background: In recent times, tranexamic acid (TA) is claimed to have whitening effects especially for ultraviolet-induced hyperpigmentation including melasma. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical solution of TA and compare it with combined solution of hydroquinone and dexamethasone as the gold standard treatment of melasma in Iranian women. Materials and Methods: This was a double-blind split-face trial of 12 weeks which was conducted in Isfahan, Iran. Fifty Iranian melasma patients applied topical solution of 3% TA on one side of the face, and topical solution of 3% hydroquinone + 0.01% dexamethasone on the other side two times a day. The Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI) and the side effects were evaluated at baseline and every 4 weeks before and after photographs to be compared by a dermatologist were taken. The patient satisfaction was documented at week 12. Results: A repeated measurement analysis was used to evaluate the changes in the MASI score before and after treatments. A significant decreasing trend was observed in the MASI score of both groups with no significant difference between them during the study (P < 0.05). No differences were seen in patients’ and investigator's satisfaction of melasma improvement between two groups (P < 0.05). However, the side effects of hydroquinone + dexamethasone were significantly prominent compared with TA (P = 0.01). Conclusion: This study's results introduce the topical TA as an effective and safe medication for the treatment of melasma. PMID:25422661

  10. CHEMFILE: an in-house information system for the chemical indexing of Abstracts on Health Effects of Environmental Pollutants (HEEP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, W

    1977-11-01

    The inclusion of a Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number index in HEEP has led to the need for a special database designed to link substance names with their appropriate CAS chemical compound Registry Numbers. Begun in 1968 as a tape record with batch mode updates and few record modification capabilities, the information system, which we call CHEMFILE, has evolved to its current form of disk storage with on-line access for file maintenance.

  11. Contents, Abstracts and Keywords

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Transnationalism and Its Theoretical Contributions…… Ding Yueya(1) Abstract: The theory of transnationalism and its development in past twenty years brings great contributions to the studies of the immigration, transnation and transculture. The paper first presents the origin of transnationalism and its definition; then, based on the review of literature relevant, illustrates three core concepts of transnationalism. transnational practices, transnational social space, and transnational identity; finally, discovers the contributions of transnationalism which mean the innovational influence of its logic, perspectives, structure, and method on the academia. Keywords. transnationalism; transnational practices; transnational social space; transnational identity.

  12. The Effects of Two Methods of Teaching Abstract Topics in High School Chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kletzly, Nellie E.

    This master's thesis reports results of a study that: (1) developed, used, and validated a classification instrument of Piagetian developmental levels of high school science students (N=16); (2) determined the effects of traditional and Piagetian-based instruction of two formal topics, the mole concept and atomic theory, on students not classified…

  13. Contents and Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    [Theories and Thoughts] It can be found in European ethnic history studies that the distinction and definition of ethnic belonging is a complex issue. Besides the factor of ethnic origin, geographical position is also an important reason. Ethnic group were always adjoined with or surrounded by alien peoples and different cultures, so that they were effeeted by the neighbor for a long time, and a certain variation might be to take place, even some transitional and mixed type ethnic-groups shaped. The controversy about the ethnic belongings for above ease should be treated tolerantly.

  14. Abstract and research accomplishments of University Coal Research Projects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    The Principal Investigators of the grants supported by the University Coal Research Program were requested to submit abstracts and highlight accomplishments of their respective projects in time for distribution at a conference on June 13--14, 1995 at Tennessee State University in Nashville, Tennessee. This book is a compilation of the material received in response to that request. For convenience, the 70 grants reported in this book are stored into eight technical areas, Coal Science, Coal Surface Science, Reaction Chemistry, Advanced Process Concepts, Engineering Fundamentals and Thermodynamics, Environmental Science, high Temperature Phenomena, and Special topics. Indexes are provided for locating projects by subject, principal investigators, and contracting organizations. Each extended abstract describes project objectives, work accomplished, significance to the Fossil Energy Program, and plans for the next year.

  15. ABSTRACTS AND KEY WORDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We feed Lunatica gilva under the experimental conditions, and observe breeding and embryo's growth, optimizing larva cultivation process. After dealing with fresh water, larva survival rate in 96h is 26.5%, higher than the untreated group that is 9%. The experiment feeding different bait to larva showed that feeding diatom is better to the growth of larva, and diatom is appropriate for the early period of larva cultivation.

  16. Contents and Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    1 Factors Influencing Two-stage Printing ,with Reactive Dyes By Wenzhi ZHANG, Fangyuan CAL Li ZHU, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan, Hubei Abstract: The influence of dosage of fixation agent, paste types, and superheated steam on two-stage printing with reactive dyes is investigated. The tested K/S values show that increasing the dosage of fixation agent increases the apparent depth of shade. Three different types of reactive dyes are mixed with sodium alginate paste and composite paste respectively and then printing experiments are performed with them. Comparison of the printing results indicates that the apparent depth of shade.of the fabric printed with composite paste + reactive dyes increases with the increase of fixing time. The experiment of colour fixing with superheated steam shows that the appropriate time for fixing is two minutes. Key words: reactive dyes; printing; two-stage colour fixation ; influencing factor

  17. Contents and Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    [Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations] Title: The Autobiographical Inscription ofMethen: A Chinese Translation and Commentary /2 Author: Wang Liang, Doctoral Candidate, Institute for the History of Ancient Civilizations, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin, 130024, China; Guo Dantong, Professor, Institute for the History of Ancient Civilizations, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, Jilin, 130024, China.

  18. Utilizing the AAVSO's Variable Star Index (VSX) in Undergraduate Research Projects (Poster abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, K.

    2016-12-01

    (Abstract only) Among the many important services that the American Association of Variable Star Observers (AAVSO) provides to the astronomical community is the Variable Star Index (VSX; https://www.aavso.org/vsx/). This online catalog of variable stars is the repository of data on over 334,000 variable stars, including information on spectral type, range of magnitude, period, and type of variable, among other properties. A number of these stars were identified as being variable through automated telescope surveys, such as ASAS (All Sky Automated Survey). The computer code of this survey classified newly discovered variables as best it could, but a significant number of false classifications have been noted. The reclassification of ASAS variables in the VSX data, as well as a closer look at variables identified as miscellaneous type in VSX, are two of many projects that can be undertaken by interested undergraduates. In doing so, students learn about the physical properties of various types of variable stars as well as statistical analysis and computer software, especially the vstar variable star data visualization and analysis tool that is available to the astronomical community free of charge on the AAVSO website (https://www.aavso.org/vstar-overview). Three such projects are described in this presentation, to identify BY Draconis variables misidentified as Cepheids or "miscellaneous", and SRD semiregular variables and ELL (rotating ellipsoidal) variables misidentified as "miscellaneous", in ASAS data and VSX.

  19. Characters and Topical Diversity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Rune

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to contribute to our understanding of the difference between the bestseller and the non-bestseller in nonfiction. It is noticed that many bestsellers in nonfiction belongs to the sub-genre of creative nonfiction, but also that the topics in this kind of literature i...

  20. Characters and Topical Diversity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Rune

    2014-01-01

    is largely ignored by the critics. Thus, the article tests how topics may work in creative nonfiction. Two Danish bestsellers belonging to the genre, Frank’s Mit smukke genom ( My Beautiful Genome), about genomics, and Buk-Swienty’s Slagtebænk Dybbøl ( ‘Slaughter-bench Dybbøl’), a history book, are chosen...

  1. Abstracts and Key Words

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In modern discussions among health professionals there is a strange lack of discussions of power. This is most notably true for the discussions about proper physician-patient relations and the discussions about trust. This article explores some of the consequences of this absence. It is argued that the absence of the issue of power hampers a serious and open moral discussion of important institutional forms in the health care system. It is also argued that some of the proposals for how to organize physician-patient interaction are rather unrealistic, mainly because the issue of power is neglected. Finally, the article develops some ideas about how power ought to be approached in modem health care.

  2. Oral Language Development as a Precursor to Literacy. ERIC Topical Bibliography and Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Carl B., Ed.

    Research suggests that oral language development is directly related to literacy, and is crucial for success in learning to be literate. This topical bibliography and commentary discusses language acquisition theories, components of language, phonology in literacy, and a first-grade classroom study that explored "literate talk" in the classroom…

  3. Superconcentration and related topics

    CERN Document Server

    Chatterjee, Sourav

    2014-01-01

    A certain curious feature of random objects, introduced by the author as “super concentration,” and two related topics, “chaos” and “multiple valleys,” are highlighted in this book. Although super concentration has established itself as a recognized feature in a number of areas of probability theory in the last twenty years (under a variety of names), the author was the first to discover and explore its connections with chaos and multiple valleys. He achieves a substantial degree of simplification and clarity in the presentation of these findings by using the spectral approach. Understanding the fluctuations of random objects is one of the major goals of probability theory and a whole subfield of probability and analysis, called concentration of measure, is devoted to understanding these fluctuations. This subfield offers a range of tools for computing upper bounds on the orders of fluctuations of very complicated random variables. Usually, concentration of measure is useful when more direct prob...

  4. Biocards and Level of Abstraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lenau, Torben Anker; Keshwani, Sonal; Chakrabarti, Amaresh;

    2015-01-01

    in biocards. This was done in two workshops conducted with design students in Denmark and India. Students were given a design assignment and instructions for how to perform the BID ideation work. Half of the students were given biocards with abstract descriptions while the other half got biocards...... with concrete descriptions. The novelty of found solutions was evaluated by the students by rating novelty of each solution on a scale from 1 to 5. Mean values for abstract descriptions were 0,3 higher than for concrete descriptions indicating that more innovative solutions were found when students used...... biocards with abstract descriptions compared to concrete descriptions. The difference in mean value is significant with a confidence level better than 1%. It seems likely that more abstract descriptions in biocards helps avoiding design fixation in biomimetic design work....

  5. What we should expect from theories in social psychology: truth, abstraction, progress, and applicability as standards (TAPAS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Lange, Paul A M

    2013-02-01

    The construction and development of theory is one of the central routes to scientific progress. But what exactly constitutes a good theory? What is it that people might expect from an ideal theory? This article advances a new model, which delineates truth, abstraction, progress, and applicability as standards (TAPAS) for a good theory. After providing the rationale for TAPAS, this article evaluates several social-psychological theories in terms of TAPAS, especially classic theories, and illustrates its utility with some more recent theoretical contributions of social psychology. This article concludes by outlining recommendations for effective theory construction and development, such as the utility of meta-analytic approaches for pursuing truth, the utility of theory-oriented courses and journals for pursuing abstraction, and the utility of adversarial collaboration for pursuing progress, and reaching out to major personal or societal issues for pursuing applicability.

  6. Organizational Health Index and Organizational Agility Maturity Criteria as Measurement Tools of Organizational Transformation Effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swasti Sri Harjanti

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. As a response to negative growth in the mobile legacy projection - which supports 50% of Telkom revenue, and a positive high growth projection in the ICT and digital business revenue, Telkom decides to shift the business to digital. To be a successful digital company, Telkom has created strategic initiatives, including organizational transformation adopting Customer Facing Unit (CFU concept that has been done for several months but there still no evaluation method for the success. This paper purpose is to evaluate the implementation of one human capital management strategic initiatives - CFU transformation implementation success, through Organizational Health Index and Organizational Agility Maturity model and formulate a recommendation for Telkom to create a more healthy and agile organization. This research using 11 synthetized dimension of Organization Health Index and Organizational Agility Maturity Model method as tools. Questionnaire consist of 53 practices that represented by 55 questions that asks about respondents extent to which they agree (satisfaction and whether it meet respondents expectation. Survey result shows that Telkom already in a healthy condition and agile as an organization. This result concluded that by methods used in this research, the transformation could be stated as a success. However, according to the result, maintain and improvement of current health and agility still needed, especially improvement regarding innovation and learning. Keywords:Organization, organizational agility, organizational health index, telecommunication, transformation

  7. Organization and Efficient Manual Searching of the Major Chemical Title and Abstract Publications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiehlmann, Eberhard

    1973-01-01

    Science Citation Index'' and several new Chemical Abstracts''' indexes are discussed as effective tools for retrospective literature work and a comparison is made of the features of Chemischer Informationsdienst,'' Index Chemicus,'' Chemical Titles,'' and Current Contents'' as the main sources of current chemical information. (9 references)…

  8. Abstract Proceedings Signal and Imaging Sciences Workshop CASIS Workshop 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, R

    2006-11-07

    These abstracts cover the following topics: (1) Analysis of massive datasets; (2) Nondestructive evaluation; (3) Imaging methodology; (4) NIF optics inspection; (5) Model-based signal processing and estimation; and (6) Image processing and analysis.

  9. Symposium on atomic spectroscopy (SAS-83): abstracts and program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1983-09-01

    Abstracts of papers given at the symposium are presented. Session topics include: Rydbergs, optical radiators, and planetary atoms; highly ionized atoms; ultraviolet radiation; theory, ion traps, and laser cooling; beam foil; and astronomy. (GHT)

  10. Deterministic binary vectors for efficient automated indexing of MEDLINE/PubMed abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahle, Manuel; Widdows, Dominic; Herskovic, Jorge R; Bernstam, Elmer V; Cohen, Trevor

    2012-01-01

    The need to maintain accessibility of the biomedical literature has led to development of methods to assist human indexers by recommending index terms for newly encountered articles. Given the rapid expansion of this literature, it is essential that these methods be scalable. Document vector representations are commonly used for automated indexing, and Random Indexing (RI) provides the means to generate them efficiently. However, RI is difficult to implement in real-world indexing systems, as (1) efficient nearest-neighbor search requires retaining all document vectors in RAM, and (2) it is necessary to maintain a store of randomly generated term vectors to index future documents. Motivated by these concerns, this paper documents the development and evaluation of a deterministic binary variant of RI. The increased capacity demonstrated by binary vectors has implications for information retrieval, and the elimination of the need to retain term vectors facilitates distributed implementations, enhancing the scalability of RI.

  11. Irritantcy potential and sub acute dermal toxicity study of Pistacia lentiscus fatty oil as a topical traditional remedy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djerrou, Zouhir; Djaalab, Hdria; Riachi, Foulla; Serakta, Mennouba; Chettoum, Aziez; Maameri, Zineb; Boutobza, Badaoui; Hamdi-Pacha, Youcef

    2013-01-01

    The current study was undertaken to assess safety of Pistacia lentiscus fruits fatty oil (PLFO) as a topical traditional remedy. A primary skin and eye irritation tests were conducted with New Zealand white rabbits to determine the potential for PLFO to produce irritation from a single application. In addition, a sub acute dermal toxicity study was performed on 18 NZW rabbits to evaluate possible adverse effect following application of PLFO for 28 days. Based on the results of the current study, PLFO is classified as slightly irritating to the skin and the eye of rabbits (Primary Irritation Index (P.I.I.) = 1.037; Ocular Irritation Index (O.I.I.) = 5.33 at 1 h). In the sub-acute toxicity test, PLFO produced neither mortality nor significant differences in the body and organ weights between control group and treated rabbits. However, a reversible irritant contact dermatitis was observed in the treated areas from the end of the second week of application until the end of experiment. This local phenomenon was accompanied by a significant skin thickening (P≤0.01) since the 12(th) day (ANOVA, F = 11, 07143, P = 0, 00765) which is confirmed with an inflammatory granuloma in histological study. Haematological analysis and blood chemistry values of the 2 groups showed no significant differences in any of the parameters examined. In summary, PLFO is minimally irritating to the eye and skin after a single exposure, but it may cause irritant contact dermatitis and a reversible thickening of skin after prolonged use.

  12. International congress on DNA damage and repair: Book of abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-01-01

    This document contains the abstracts of 105 papers presented at the Congress. Topics covered include the Escherichia coli nucleotide excision repair system, DNA repair in malignant transformations, defective DNA repair, and gene regulation. (TEM)

  13. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Power, Space and Inner Structure of Blocks--on Rue Massenet of Shanghai MA Xue - qiang This paper dwells on the formation and change of Rue Massenet in modern Shanghai, and studies Rue Massenet' s history as a road as well as a block. It also investigates the structure of the block and reveals its inner function features. The analysis of Rue Massenet which is regarded as a "sample" of modern block type helps expand and deepen the researches of urban history research.

  14. Abstract

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The AIDS epidemic has infected more than 50 million and claimed the lives of more than .... or preventive vaccine trials, as well as of HIV-positive women presenting as ... The lack of public understanding of doctors' and/or of scientific methods'.

  15. The human heart and the circulatory system as an interesting interdisciplinary topic in lessons of physics and biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volná, M.; Látal, F.; Kubínek, R.; Richterek, L.

    2014-01-01

    Many topics which are closely related can be found in the national curriculum of the Czech Republic for physics and biology. One of them is the heart and the circulatory system in the human body. This topic was examined cross curriculum, a teaching module was created and the topic was chosen for our research. The task was to determine if the students of bachelor study are aware of connections between physics and biology within this topic and whether we can help them effectively to describe the corresponding physics phenomena in the human body connected, for example, with a heart attack or with the measurement of blood pressure. In this paper, the heart and the circulatory system are presented as suitable topics for an interdisciplinary teaching module which includes both theoretical and experimental parts. The module was evaluated by a group of first-year undergraduate students of physics at the Faculty of Science, Palacký University. The acquired knowledge was compared with another control group through a test. The highest efficiency of the module was evaluated on the basis of questions that covered the calculation problems.

  16. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Conbating Poverty and Inequality: Structural Change, Social Policy and Politics United Nations Research Institute for Social Development As UNRISD's latest reflection upon poverty alleviation and inequality, this report advocates an approach that pu

  17. Selective dissemination and indexing of scientific information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, J H

    1971-07-23

    investment (16). The effort and cost required to find a few items of useful information scattered among 1,285,000 abstracts indexed on 116 full reels of magnetic tape (11 million characters per reel) which will be needed for the 5-year Eighth Collective Index to Chemical Abstracts (1967-1971) (51) staggers the imagination. In contrast, when HICLASS systems based on enumerative hierarchical classifications are used, concepts that might be useful for later retrieval are identified and related items of information are grouped together during the indexing process. These enumerative classifications, with single-hit matching, make it possible to index and retrieve ideas as intact units and to perform simple sequential searches of the very small segment of a file that deals with a given topic (31). The experiments at both the Science Information Exchange and the National Cancer Institute, as described in this article, demonstrate that automated HICLASS systems are feasible and can operate at a very satisfactory level of performance. Although considerable effort may be required for the development and constant updating of detailed enumerative classifications, HICLASS categories may facilitate organization of data at the time of input, improve the precision of matching documents with users, and greatly simplify search logic and computer manipulations. If so, then output savings and performance would more than justify input costs, and the development and use of enumerative classifications would be a better solution to information problems than the current keyword-and-coordination approach. It is time to think beyond the ease of the single input step in information systems and to take a hard look at ways of easing retrieval problems for the multitude of information systems that process the indexed data (52). Indexing effort is expended only once, whereas search and retrieval effort is required by every user of a system. If information were better analyzed and organized during input

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Mao Zedong' s "Three World Theory" underwent three stages of development: the "One Intermediate Zone" thought, the embryonic form of the theory, was put forward in the 1940s-50s; the "Two Intermediate Zones" thought, taking shape in the 1960s, was the rudimentary form; and the early 1970s witnessed the perfection of the theory. Mao Zedong developed the "Three World Theory" with sovereignty and national interests as the logical starting point, the theory of unity of opposites as the philosophical foundation, the Cold War as the historical background, and fighting against hegemonism as the major diplomatic strategy.

  19. Topical tranexamic acid as a promising treatment for melasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahareh Ebrahimi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In recent times, tranexamic acid (TA is claimed to have whitening effects especially for ultraviolet-induced hyperpigmentation including melasma. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of topical solution of TA and compare it with combined solution of hydroquinone and dexamethasone as the gold standard treatment of melasma in Iranian women. Materials and Methods: This was a double-blind split-face trial of 12 weeks which was conducted in Isfahan, Iran. Fifty Iranian melasma patients applied topical solution of 3% TA on one side of the face, and topical solution of 3% hydroquinone + 0.01% dexamethasone on the other side two times a day. The Melasma Area and Severity Index (MASI and the side effects were evaluated at baseline and every 4 weeks before and after photographs to be compared by a dermatologist were taken. The patient satisfaction was documented at week 12. Results: A repeated measurement analysis was used to evaluate the changes in the MASI score before and after treatments. A significant decreasing trend was observed in the MASI score of both groups with no significant difference between them during the study (P < 0.05. No differences were seen in patients′ and investigator′s satisfaction of melasma improvement between two groups (P < 0.05. However, the side effects of hydroquinone + dexamethasone were significantly prominent compared with TA (P = 0.01. Conclusion: This study′s results introduce the topical TA as an effective and safe medication for the treatment of melasma.

  20. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Characteristics of Modern Tianjin Salt Merchants Culture As a new commercial culture in modern China, Tianjin salt merchants culture has its own different characteristics, such as luxury consumption culture, political culture, religious scholar culture and moral culture. In these cultures behind embodies the Salter group's behavior pattern and psychological structure.

  1. Abstract

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ­E¢b

    entrepreneurial attitude (that is measured through achievement and innovation) and .... As such, indigenous entrepreneurial attitudes toward innovation will be restricted ..... http://www.vancouver.wsu.edu/amsrev/theory/lindsay. 05-2005.html.

  2. Use of topical antibiotics as prophylaxis in clean dermatologic procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levender, Michelle M; Davis, Scott A; Kwatra, Shawn G; Williford, Phillip M; Feldman, Steven R

    2012-03-01

    Topical antibiotics are not indicated for routine postoperative care in clean dermatologic procedures, but may be widely used. We sought to describe topical antibiotic use in clean dermatologic surgical procedures in the United States. The 1993 to 2007 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey database was queried for visits in which clean dermatologic surgery was performed. We analyzed provider specialty, use of topical antibiotics, and associated diagnoses. Use of topical antibiotic over time was analyzed by linear regression. An estimated 212 million clean dermatologic procedures were performed between 1993 and 2007; topical antibiotics were reported in approximately 10.6 million (5.0%) procedures. Dermatologists were responsible for 63.3% of dermatologic surgery procedures and reported use of topical antibiotic prophylaxis in 8.0 million (6.0%). Dermatologists were more likely to use topical antibiotic prophylaxis than nondermatologists (6.0% vs 3.5%). Use of topical antibiotic prophylaxis decreased over time. Data were limited to outpatient procedures. The assumption was made that when topical antibiotics were documented at procedure visits they were being used as prophylaxis. Topical antibiotics continue to be used as prophylaxis in clean dermatologic procedures, despite being ineffective for this purpose and posing a risk to patients. Although topical antibiotic use is decreasing, prophylactic use should be eliminated. Copyright © 2011 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Literacy as Material Engagement: The Abstract, Tangible and Mundane Ingredients of Childhood Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Margaret

    2016-01-01

    This article explores questions that arise when we consider the things that make literacy possible. How do they interact with ordinary household objects and activities, and what intertextual implications arise from such mundane interactions? The concept of dual representation suggests that some objects may have both a physical and a symbolic…

  4. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    "Strategic communication" refers to practices involving the widespreaddissemination of information as well as contact activities for the purpose of nationalstrategic interest and objectives. Though people currently do not have a clearcomprehension of its definition, they are deepening their understanding. There is stillroom for its development in terms of theoretical research and practice. We shouldactively carry out research on mechanism building, communication targets and strategiccommunication content in order to serve our national strategies.

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    A Discussion on Theme Slogan and Logo of Tourism Image Beautiful Hubei also on Hubei Tourist Attractions and Branding :Cao Shitu Han Guowei (2) Abstract: The paper analyzes the deficiencies of the existing theme slogan and logo of tounsm, image Beaufil Hube by using the methodology of tourism image-building, and then puts forward new theme slogan and logo Magnincent Huoei Door to Magical Landscape and Romantic Culture"as well as the idea of b uildingtouri"brand "Magical and Romantic Tour".

  6. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The wisdom of practice exists in its conceptual form as an inherent part of man and functions in the process of practice. It coheres as the quality of virtue expressed in value orientation and contains cognitive experience of the world and of man himself. The two permeate man's actual capacities or powers. Aiming at completion of the self and of things, the wisdom of practice integrates theoretical and practical reason and reflects the unity of understandinl~ the world and transforming the world.

  7. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Ma Xiwu' s trial mode is a model of adjudication in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region, resulting from the joint forces of the border region' s specific wartime environment, local environment, the border region' s social transformation and judicial reform as well as many other factors.

  8. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Honeys with more than 19% have a tendency to ferment. As a general rule ... pollen contents, Agwu and Akanbi (1985) recommended alcohol or water dilution technique ... is also a product factor of the type of pollen collected by honey bees.

  9. Prediction and identification of Korean Pine (Pinus koraiensis) vicilin as a food allergen (abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    RATIONALE: Pine nut allergy cases have been reported, but pine nut allergens remain to be identified and characterized. Korean pine nut is one of the major varieties of pine nuts that are widely consumed. Vicilins belong to one of a few protein families that contain more than 85% of the known food a...

  10. Topic Map: An Ontology Framework for Information Retrieval

    CERN Document Server

    Kannan, Rajkumar

    2010-01-01

    The basic classification techniques for organizing information are thesauri, taxonomy and faceted classification. Topic map is relatively a new entrant to this information space. Topic map standard describes how complex relationships between abstract concepts and real world resources can be represented using XML syntax. This paper explores how topic map incorporates the traditional techniques and what are its advantages and disadvantages in several dimensions such as content management, indexing, knowledge representation, constraint specification and query languages in the context of information retrieval. The constructs of topic maps are illustrated with a use-case implemented in XTM

  11. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The paper summarized the status of foreign mud log- ging technology from geological logging, engineering logging and mud logging informalization and put forward the future development direction of mud logging technique. The abroad geological logging focuses on micro-nalysis, in which the cutting CT scan, laser element analysis and field gamma scan are used as important means of setting up the geological profiles.

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    CONTROL SIGNAL POWERING & WIRING DESIGN OF INTELLIGENT MOTOR OPERATED VALVE ACTU- ATOR [1] Fan Zonghai , J ia Tiehu ( S INOPEC Engineering Incorporation, Beijing, I00101) AbstractzThis article introduces the application of Motor Operated Valve (MOV) actuator, the problems in its control unit wiring, as well as its main technical parameters and control functions. The powering and wiring design of MOV actuator are explained based on application examples, and the advantages, disadvantages and selection principles of two powering design methods, i.e.

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Energy transformation is the only way of the transformation of the world economy Describing and explaining from different view of the world from the angle of political, economic, cultural and environmental development, the presentation of the transformation, change, adjustment, conversion and a series of concept reflects that the current world situation is undergoing profound changes, multi-polarization and globalization. The global problems such as financial crisis, recession, climate change, energy transformation and the environment change,

  14. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Analyses and Suggestions on Coordinated Regional Development of Insurance Industry in China GUO Jin-long Abstract: Through studies on the coordinated development status between insurance industry and social economy in China from 2005 to 2009, it is found that the coordination between insurance and economy remains slightly imbalanced in most of the provinces and cities in China, with only a few provinces and cities showing low-degree coordination in 2007. As a whole,

  15. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Scientific Culture and Cultural Science (p.1) Today science advances at an astonishingly high speed, and driven by the ideological and industrial revolutions, it even becomes a dominant culture in the society and is respected as the supreme authority. However, the scientific culture, which plays the leading role in the industrial civilization, turns out to be more and more alienated from culture and humanity, resulting in the so-called cultural confusions and loss of humanity. This article, investigating the phenomenon deeply, argues that science has no privileged position over the other cultural traditions, and suggests that science identify itself as a member equal with the other cultural patterns in the society in order to restore its cultural connotations. It is believed that by establishing the cultural science, we can bring culture and humanity back to science.

  16. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Shortly after the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, it wasnecessary and in its interest for China to join the socialist camp led by the SovietUnion. In 1954, China proposed the five principles of "peaceful coexistence". Atthe Bandung Conference in 1955, China, India and Myanmar jointly advocated thefive principles as a means of good governance in Asia and the whole world. Earlyin the 21st century, China proposed a new concept of "win-win cooperation" as animportant principle for international relations in the new global era.

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    When discussing the maturation of Chinese sociology, one has to reconsider the relationsbetween Western sociology and Chinese sociology and distinguish the flows from their sources ifone wants to find a way forward for Chinese sociology. Chinese sociology should view theresources of homegrown sociological tradition as a "source, " which is represented by "qunxue"(literally the study of groups).

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Practice and Discussion to Achieve p( SO2 ) ≤400 mg/m3 in Tailgas Emitted from Sulphuric Acid Plant Using New AS Series Catalyst;Progress and Prospect for Application of Lithium Iron Phosphate Modification Technology in China;Technological Progress in Wet-process Phosphoric Acid Concentration Plant of China;

  19. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    between gender, age, marital status, number of wives, education and constraints to ... identified as affecting feedback provision on forestry related ... Only farm size it- value = -3.31 ... contract with extension agent (t- value =3.84, p<0.05) has significant .... (occupation) and years of farming experience while section В consists.

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Research on the Theory and Standard of Peasants" Life Cycle Pension Compensation Mu Huaizhong Shen Yi· 2 · Thedifficulties of full coverage in pension system lie in rural farmers. In this paper, we put forward a "dual agricultural welfare difference" theory and apply it to the issues regarding peasants' life cycle pension compensation. Taking differential between equilib- rium and biased agricultural incomes as the key indicator, we build mathematical models of "dual agricultural welfare balance" and measure the size from 1953 to 2009. Our finding shows that China's "dual agricultnral welfare difference" has a fluctuation ranged be- tween 0.4 and 0.6. Based on life cycle characteristics, such as natural life cycle, policy and institutional life cycle, our suggestion is to compensate peasants' primary pension with a balance of "dual agriculture welfare difference" and other countermeasures.

  1. ABSTRACT

    OpenAIRE

    ÇELİK, Hilal

    2013-01-01

    Discourse analysis takes its place within a larger body of social and cultural researchthat is concerned with the production of meaning through talk and texts. In this study generalprinciples of discourse analysis and how discourse analysis is used in qualitative research arementioned. Theoretical background of discourse analysis based on different fields in socialsciences such as sociology, politic, linguistic, media, psychology, etc... Each of them usediscourse analysis according to their o...

  2. Mapping the evolution of research topics using ATM and SNA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chunlei; YE

    2014-01-01

    Purpose:This paper introduces an analysis framework for tracking the evolution of research topics at the selected topics level,covering a research topic’s evolution trend,evolution path and its content changes over time.Design/methodology/approach:After the topics were recovered by the author-topic model,we first built the keyword-topic co-occurrence network to track the dynamics of topic trends.Then a single-mode network was constructed with each node representing a topic and edge indicating the relationship between topics.It was used to illustrate the evolution path and content changes of research topics.A case study was conducted on the digital library research in China to verify the effectiveness of the analysis framework.Findings:The experimental results show that this analysis framework can be used to track evolution of research topics at a micro level and using social network analysis method can help understand research topics’evolution paths and content changes with the passage of time.Research limitations:Using the analysis framework will produce limited results when examining unstructured data such as social media data.In addition,the effectiveness of the framework introduced in this paper needs to be verified with more research topics in information science and in more scientific fields.Practical implications:This analysis framework can help scholars and researchers map research topics’evolution process and gain insights into how a field’s topics have evolved over time.Originality/value:Tbe analysis framework used in this study can help reveal more micro evolution details.The index to measure topic association strength defined in this paper reflects both similarity and dissimilarity between topics,which belps better understand research topics’evolution paths and content changes.

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Wu Jie and Duan Yanchao. The current line drawing of Laterolog and its application. PI, 2011, 25(4) : 1 - 4 The current line plays an important role in the directly understanding the characteristics of Laterolog tool. A method of drawing current lines for the discrete potential data based on the Finite Element calculation is studied. It solves a series of key problems, including the selection of step length, the identification of direction, treatment of nmtation point and the control of stop. A drawing program is written by MATLAB software. Taking the current line drawing of the dual Laterolog logging as an example, we analyze the tool's investigation characteristics in the several formations such as homogeneous, low or high invasion, and invasion with shoulder. These results verify the effectiveness of the new method. The method can be applied to the other kinds of Laterolog tools to draw their current lines and analyze their investigation characteristics.

  4. Abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Jose Carvalho de Souza Domingues

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The practice of teaching, in actuality, shows the necessity of teachers and students coming together to form a behavior that is different from the traditional model of teaching. The unity formed from various types of knowledge and the relation between theory and practice show themselves to be fundamental. Starting in 2002, and in search of this unity, a project that hoped to unify the disciplines taught in the second semester of the course in Administration was implemented. During the semester, a single work sought to relate the theories studied with the reality of an organization. Each professor evaluated the works from the point of view of his discipline, as well as the presentation, in general, of the group. It can be affirmed that seeking to bring together various types of knowledge necessarily passes to a rethinking of the postures of teachers and students.

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    Peace is one of humanity's eternal pursuits; conflict, however, is a part of humandestiny. In the course of pursuing peace, religion, as a major practical form of publicdiplomacy, has played an important role in averting conflicts between differentcivilizations. By upholding the ultimate goal of promoting mutual understanding andtrust between different countries and peoples and world peace, the Charhar Institutehas since its founding actively facilitated a religious peace movement focusing onexchanges between the Buddhists of China and South Korea. Serving as a typicalexample of public diplomacy, this has been an important element of the institute'sactivity, and achieved fruitful results. The integration of public diplomacy and religionhas proved itself to be good for the peace effort sof humanity.

  6. Topical corticosteroid addiction and phobia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aparajita Ghosh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Corticosteroids, one of the most widely prescribed topical drugs, have been used for about six decades till date. However, rampant misuse and abuse down the years has given the drug a bad name. Topical steroid abuse may lead to two major problems which lie at the opposing ends of the psychosomatic spectrum. Topical steroid addiction, a phenomenon that came to be recognized about a decade after the introduction of the molecule is manifested as psychological distress and rebound phenomenon on stoppage of the drug. The rebound phenomenon, which can affect various parts of the body particularly the face and the genitalia has been reported by various names in the literature. TC phobia which lies at the opposite end of the psychiatric spectrum of steroid abuse has been reported particularly among parents of atopic children. Management of both conditions is difficult and frustrating. Psychological counseling and support can be of immense help in both the conditions.

  7. abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . user

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: One of the microbiological preparations used for this study was Effective Microorganisms (EM, being a commercial mixture of photosynthesizing bacteria, Actinomycetes, lactic acid bacteria, yeasts and fermenting fungi. The microbiological composition of the EM concentrateincludesStreptomyces albus, Propioni bacterium freudenreichil, Streptococcus lactis, Aspergillus oryzae, Mucor hiemalis, Saccharomycescerevisiae and Candida utilis. Moreover, EM also contains an unspecified amount of Lactobacillus sp. Rhodo pseudomonas sp. and Streptomyces griseus. Effective Microorganisms have a positive effect on the decomposition of organic matter, limiting putrefaction, increasing nitrogen content in the root medium of plants, phosphorus, improving soil fertility and as a result contributing to the growth and development of the root systems of plants. Selection of almond vegetative rootstocks for water stress tolerance is important for almond crop production in arid and semi-arid regions. The study of the eco-morphological characteristics that determine the success of a rootstock in a particular environment is a powerful tool for both agricultural management and breeding purposes. The aim of this work was to select the new rootstocks for water shortage tolerance, impact of water stress as well as Effective Microorganism (EM on morphological characteristics of almond rootstocks. Materials and Methods: In order to select the new rootstocks for water shortage tolerance, impact of water stress as well as EMonmorphologicalcharacteristics of almondrootstocks were studiedin thedepartment ofHorticulture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, in 2011-2012. The experiment was carried out with four replications in a completely random blockdesign to study the effects of two concentrations of EM (0 and 1%, three irrigation levels (normal irrigation 100%-control-and irrigation after depletion of 33 and 66% of available water, and four almond rootstocks including GF

  8. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The modem transition of philosophy is the transition of world metaphysics to conscious metaphysics therefore the aprioristic philosophy exploring the consciousness has taken place which experienced the three progressing periods from Descartes to Kant to Edmund Husserl: Descartes tried to prove that consciousness was the unique and stable starting point of understanding all problems, and Kant tried to prove that consciousness had the ability to build up effec- tive knowledge as well as had the ability to guide the right behavior, while Edmund Husserl tried to prove that conscious- ness had the overall object, which relatively equal to had its own word. Through these three great and difficult periods of efforts, aprioristic conscious philosophy has completed the proving of the arguments of I think and thinking, nevertheless, the arguments did not reach to the level of laying the foundation, therefore they did not interpret the world correctly.

  9. abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    abstract abstract

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Strawberry (fragaria×ananassa Duch. fruit characterized by short storage life, often estimated last less than one week even under optimum conditions at 8°C. The loss of fruit quality is often caused by gray mold (Botrytis cinerea that is the most frequent reported postharvest disease in strawberry during storage (6. In recent years, considerable attention has given to elimination of synthetic chemical and fungicides application and development of various alternative strategies for controlling fruit and vegetables diseases (2. One strategy is replacement of natural products with plant origin such as essential oil and methyl salicylate (MeSA. Essential oils are volatile, natural and complex compounds characterized by a strong odor formed by aromatic plants in form of secondary metabolites. In nature, essential similar oils that extract from lavender (Lavandula angustifolia play an important role in protection of the plants against pathogen incidence that can be replaced by synthetic fungicides (1, 4 and 14. MeSA is also a volatile natural compound synthesized from salicylic acid which has an important role in the plant defense-mechanism, as well as plant growth and development (5, 19 and 20. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to study the effects of MeSA and lavender essential oil (LEO on decay control caused by Botrytis cinerea as well as post-harvest quality indices of strawberry fruits during cold storage. Material and Methods: First, antifungal activity was studied by using a contact assay (in vitro, which produces hyphal growth inhibition. Briefly, potato dextrose agar (PDA plates were prepared using 8 cm diameter glass petri dishes and inhibitory percentage was determined. For in-vivo assessment of LEO and MeSA effects on Botrytis-caused fungal disease control, the experiment was conducted as factorial in completely randomized design (CRD with 3 replicates. The treatments were 3 concentration of LEO including

  10. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    As a representative kind of "new diplomacy", the Silk Road Economic Beltand 21st Century Maritime Initiatives have aroused different responses at homeand abroad. They are important initiatives about co-building the Belt and Road,and give full play to China's strengths in the era of globalization. It is an importantopportunity to promote public diplomacy. The crux of the Initiatives lies in ourefforts in enhancing the awareness of cooperation, strengthening investigation andresearch, promoting mutual understanding, highlighting advantages and shunningdisadvantages for mutual benefit and win-win results through responding to theneeds of all parties.

  11. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Practice and experience on key equipment localization for Longtan project Abstract: Longtan Hydropower Station is the second largest hydropower station after Three Gorges in those have put into production in China. Based on the idea of "objective, practical and economic", an exploratory investigation to promote the key equipment localization and the national industry revitalization was conducted. The localization of key equipment such as 700MW hydraulic generating unit, 500kV three-phase composite transformer, 500kV crosslinked polyethylene insulated cable and monitoring system for giant hydropower stations was realized successfully. The experience is using for reference in after hydropower projects.

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    ( 1 ) Overview on the Political and Economic Situation in Southeast Asia in 2011 Wang Shi-lu · 1 · Abstract: Being affected by negative factors home and abroad, all countries of Southeast Asia faced pressure in maintaining stability and pushing development in 2011. Despite all that, the relatively stable politics, better economic situation as a whole in Southeast Asia remained. Though security situation was grim, all governments took proper measures to resolve crisis. Meanwhile, regional cooperation was pushed forward in Southeast Asia , and achieved some results.

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    (1) The Narrative Structure and Mode of Realization of Marx's Theory of Human Emancipation Liu Tongfang Understanding the inherent logic of the ideas in the classic Marxist texts and revealing the narrative structure and mode of realization of Marx's theory of human emancipation is an important intellectual approach to the extension of Marxist theoretical research. As a scientific theory of the history of society, the narrative structure of human emancipation involves three aspects: historical materialism, multi-dimensional forms of emancipation, and communist movements. It offers a comprehensive analysis of the basic way of perceiving human society, the fundamental path to human emancipation and the ultimate aim of the evolution of social forms. It reflects the thorough-going revolutionary nature of Marx's theory of human emancipation and its close relationship with the real life of society. It would thus be academically significant to reflect on Western Marxism, Soviet-type socialism and the socialist road with Chinese characteristics from the viewpoint of the narrative structure of Marx's theory of human emancipation, so as to extend the Marxist theory of human emancipation and explore its specific mode of realization

  14. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    As the institutional quality audit is being conducted in some pilot provinces,different interpretations of it have occurred,some of which appear to be misleading.This paper is to redefine it in terms of thematic focus,role,value and method to facilitate its implementation.It proposes that the institutional quality audit should keep consistently focused on internal quality assurance,in-volve various stakeholders,enhance its empowerment function and develop itself into a comprehen-sive and systematic approach to continuous quality improvement.

  15. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Look in the Mirror of Personality Left by Liang Qichao The New Preface to His Reflecting Moral This article is my new foreword of Reflecting Moral, which had been edited and written by Liang Qichao in 1905, and has just been recommended as one of the moral readers of Tsinghua Academy of Chinese Learning. I point that the exhortation of our univer- sity proposed by Liang Qichao has its original determination in his mind himself, which had already been compiled in Reflecting Moral more than a century ago.

  16. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Discussion on the Training Model of Training the Nursing Humanistic Quality by Employing the College English Teaching Li Hongfeng (Nursing College of Zhengzhou University, Zhenghou, Herman, 450052) Read and Write Periodica,vol.8, No.11,27,2011(ISSN1672-1578,in,Chinese) Abstract: The college English, as one of the most important public humanities courses in the curriculum system of collegiate nursing education, its teaching has positive orientation of human values and strong function in humanistic quality education.

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Another Cost of Rights : State Identification and Its Western Experience OU Shujun The Western Experience of State Identification shows that identification is another cost of rights, a prerequisite for constructing the rule of law and good governance. Identification is the most infrastructural public goods that should be supplied by the government, and its publicness comes through in that it almost is a precondition for all state institutions, so it can be called the most infrastructural power of national governance system. In the fourfold-building process of one country under the rule of law, a state rule by law, a tax state, a welfare state and a regulatory state, a modem state increasingly needs to enhance the state identification capacity, so that the majority can be involved in the state identification system, which in turn will accelerate the process of state-building, make law and policies more effective, minimize the intermediate cost of communication between states and individuals, and eventually realize good governance by focusing on the expectations of the majority and serving for the majority. The people seeking a strong democratic country under the rule of law must face up to the fact that identification as a kind of govemmentality has been institutiona/ized and routinized in advanced indnstrial democracies.

  18. ABSTRACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michelle de Stefano Sabino

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to describe and to analyze the integration observed in the Sintonia project with respect to the comparison of project management processes to the model of the Stage-Gate ®. The literature addresses these issues conceptually, but lack an alignment between them that is evident in practice. As a method was used single case study. The report is as if the Sintonia project, developed by PRODESP - Data Processing Company of São Paulo. The results show the integration of project management processes with the Stage-Gate model developed during the project life cycle. The formalization of the project was defined in stages in which allowed the exploitation of economies of repetition and recombination to the development of new projects. This study contributes to the technical vision in dealing with the integration of project management processes. It was concluded that this system represents an attractive way, in terms of creating economic value and technological innovation for the organization.

  19. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    A Representative work that Vainly Attempts to Westernize China On Yang Ji.sheng's Paper "My View of Chinese Pattern" XU Chong-wenAbstract: Mr. Yang Ji-sheng calls economic connotation of Chinese pattern "market economy of power" with all sorts of drawbacks, it is to take the problems that Chinese model deliberately struggles with and even the objects must be resolutely eliminated as the parts of Chinese pattern, thus they are absolute nonsense; he boils down political connotation of Chinese pattern to "authority politics" of "thoroughly denying modem democratic system",

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Analysis of importance of TG Water CultureQuest Yang Bin Fan Lingling ( 1 ) Abstract: The awareness of quest constitutes the essence and demonstrates the basic characteristic of the water culture in the Three Gorges areas. The legend of King Yu controlling floods by dredging the Three Gorges marked the budding of this spirit. Qu Yuan fully demonstrated the essence of the spirit by a frequently quoted saying, "yet high and low I will search with my will unbending", "I will not regret a thousand death to die". The inscription of White Crane Ridge displayed the ancient fashion of the spirit. The construction of the Three Gorges Project interpreted the spirit of exploring of the Three Gorges water culture. The local higher education institution, with its motto "quest", can be taken as a model in carrying forward the spirit of"constant exploration". Key words: awareness of quest; the Three Gorges; water culture

  1. Abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Costa Quintana

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to show the importance of the Cash Flow Statement and the Value Added Statement as effective instruments of financial management, due to the information that these statements can provide. To demonstrate this, a financial analysis of the principal financial statements of the Empresa Transmissora de Energia Elétrica do Sul do Brasil S.A. – Eletrosul – was made and in particular, a detailed analysis of the Cash Flow Statement and the Value Added Statement. To do this, the financial statements published by the company were obtained. First, liquidity ratios from the Balance Sheet were calculated and, subsequently, an analysis of the Cash Flow Statement and the Value Added Statement was made. This was done to demonstrate that the information obtained from the Balance Sheet could be better detailed by the use of the referenced statements, showing in the end that alterations in the liquidity of the company can be explained by the changes in the ways in which the company used its cash resources.

  2. Abstracts and abstracting a genre and set of skills for the twenty-first century

    CERN Document Server

    Koltay, Tibor

    2010-01-01

    Despite their changing role, abstracts remain useful in the digital world. Highly beneficial to information professionals and researchers who work and publish in different fields, this book summarizes the most important and up-to-date theory of abstracting, as well as giving advice and examples for the practice of writing different kinds of abstracts. The book discusses the length, the functions and basic structure of abstracts, outlining a new approach to informative and indicative abstracts. The abstractors' personality, their linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge and skills are also discu

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Fold distribution, offset distribution and azi- muth distribution in a bin have direct effects on ge- ometry attributes in 3D seismic survey design. If two adjacent bins have the same fold but different offsets, this non-uniform offset distribution brings some stack amplitude diversity in the adjacent bins. At present, 3D geometry attribute uniformi- ty of the most analytical methods is expressed by qualitative analysis chart. We introduce in this pa- per a uniformity quantitative analysis method for offset distribution by average value, square devia- tion and weighting factor. The paper analyses effects on offset distribution uniformity of different 3D geometry parameters by the proposed uniformi- ty quantitative analysis method. Furthermore, the paper analyses effects on seismic stack amplitude or frequency uniformity of different 3D geometry parameters by the seismic wave modeling. The re- suits show that offset distribution uniformity is in good agreement with seismic stack amplitude or frequency uniformity. Therefore this improved method can be considered as a useful tool for ana- lyzing and evaluating 3D geometry attribute uni- formity.

  4. Proofs and fundamentals a first course in abstract mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Bloch, Ethan D

    2003-01-01

    In an effort to make advanced mathematics accessible to a wide variety of students, and to give even the most mathematically inclined students a solid basis upon which to build their continuing study of mathematics, there has been a tendency in recent years to introduce students to the for­ mulation and writing of rigorous mathematical proofs, and to teach topics such as sets, functions, relations and countability, in a "transition" course, rather than in traditional courses such as linear algebra. A transition course functions as a bridge between computational courses such as Calculus, and more theoretical courses such as linear algebra and abstract algebra. This text contains core topics that I believe any transition course should cover, as well as some optional material intended to give the instructor some flexibility in designing a course. The presentation is straightforward and focuses on the essentials, without being too elementary, too exces­ sively pedagogical, and too full to distractions. Some of ...

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Plato on Political Rhetoric Generally, Plato was regarded as being hostile to rhetoric. However, I will show that in Plato's some important political dialogues he still verifies the significance of rhetoric or persuasion. Then, I list the attacks of Plato on his contemporary rhetoric, which is called in the essay as "politician rhetoric". On the other hand, Plato also articu- lates the characteristics of true rlhetoric, which I name as "dialectical rhetoric. " In order to elaborate "dialectical rhetoric", I take Pericles as an example to show how the dialectic rhetoric could work in the real political world. Finally, I point out that dialectical rhetoric still can give some reflection for today's political rhetoric. It contains the ideal of the good, caring the soul of the audience, speaking the truth, insisting the right thing with reason, etc.

  6. Abstract

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. O. E. OSUAGWU

    students of different disciplines as it will help them to learn their respective subjects with ease. Keywords: ... areas or those that faces difficulties with real ..... International Journals of English Studies, Monograph issue 2: New trends in computer ...

  7. Comparison of Selecting, Abstracting, and Indexing by COMPENDEX, INSPEC, and PASCAL and the Impact of This on Manual and Automated Retrieval of Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jong-Hofman, M. W.

    1981-01-01

    In order to compare effects of input processing on information retrieval in three databases, 25 articles from a specific journal were examined. Tables and Venn diagrams show retrieval results from different manual and computer searches. The relation between document surrogates and subject matter of the documents is discussed. (SW)

  8. Abstract

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Osondu

    2011-10-26

    Oct 26, 2011 ... Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management Vol. 4 No.3 2011 ... networks, distribution systems, and other social facilities (Handler and ... water, healthcare, education, sanitation and security. However, the ...

  9. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    livestock feeds and diet (RRIN, 1985b). So also is the ... growing on kernels impact their various colours to the seeds (Igeleke and Ekpebor, 1986). Biochemical ... Rotting and caking seed meal (Heating, and production of mycotoxins).Heating ...

  10. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    (1) New Forms of the "Production of Social Relations" under the Scrutiny of Social Engineering Tian Pengying In the Marxist perspective, the production and reproduction of social relations constitute the basic prerequisite and guarantee for human existence and development, and the establishment of an orderly and harmonious modern social relationship that promotes the coordinated development of material production and spiritual production is an important symbol of man's self-conscientiousness to adapt to, rely on and transform the society. The development, transformation and evolution of social relations is both a natural historical process and a creative process in which social subjects participate, design and construct.

  11. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On Chen Xianzhang's Moral Culture Blending Confucianism and Daoism (by ZHANG Yun-- hua) Abstract: Chen Xianzhang, who experienced and witnessed the social changes during the Ming Dynasty, achieved direction change of the scholarship and culture of his time from the rationalistic attitude to the idealistic philosophy through shattering the fetters and bold innovation in order to redeem people's spirit, save society, and rebuild the moral subject philosophy. Chen's elaboration of life and death, suffering and happiness, fame and gain, and retreat and withdrawal in this cultural shift reveals the characteristics of his moral culture blending Confucianism and Daoisrn. Key words: Chen Xianzhang; life and death; suffering and happiness; fame; gain; retreat

  12. The emergence and institutional co-determination of sustainability as a teaching topic in interdisciplinary science teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    This paper takes an institutional perspective on the topic of sustainability in order to analyse how this ‘idea’ enters science teacher education through an interdisciplinary approach. It shows how the development and implementation of a course for Danish pre-service teachers was conditioned......, conceptualised through a new reference model that separates the analysis from the usual sustainability dimensions. The findings reveal how sustainability as a teaching topic can be a unifying idea in an interdisciplinary setting. Disciplinary differences evidently impact course planning and implementation...

  13. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Beliefs and Establishment of Their Orders —— From Sociological Theory Perspectives of Chinese Beliefs LI Xiang-ping Abstract: To understand the "harmonious" phenomena of China's history and culture and their concepts, the key is to understand and recognize its beliefs. Chinese beliefs and their social practice are closely related to establishment of harmonious social, historical and cultural orders in China. In fact, Harmony can refer to either a value target or a social reality, and it is also a kind of belief. The establishment of harmony based on certain beliefs, moral orders, political orders and power orders are basic components of social and cultural harmony. This article, from a sociological theory perspective of beliefs, discusses the positions and roles of different beliefs in building harmonious cultural orders in China, and it then aims to find out some rules of dual changes in Chinese society and Chinese beliefs. Key words: belief; order; harmony; sociological perspectives of belief

  14. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Large-scale hydropower units excitation transformer design characteristics and insulation mode choice,CFD analysis and upgrading of bulb tubular turbine runner,Technical reform and operation analysis of 500 kV bus protection in Ertan Hydropower Plant

  15. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The establishment of spectroscopy logging theory and application prospects. Zhu Genqing. Mud Logging Engineering, 2011,22(3) :2-6,28 Based on a lot of research and years' practice and set ting out from the purpose of enriching the basic theory of mud logging technology, the author described several spectroscopic methods and theories commonly used in mud logging technology and explored the concept of the spectroscopy logging and the views to establish mud logging theory svstem.

  16. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    4 Thoughts and Suggestion about Rural Collective Land System Reform YAN Zhiyao (Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China) Abstract: The imperfect rural collective land property right system has caused the difficulties in increasing the income of farmers, surplus migrant workers, laborer shortage, and sharp conflict for land requisition, which has become the biggest bottleneck in the current development and stability. This paper argues that the rural land property rights institution and land requisition system are the core and key for rural economic breakout and the harmonious development of urban and rural economy,

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Mud logging subject and its speciality construction is an important practical issue in the field of mud logging engineering and accurately positioning mud logging subject and reasonably setting mud logging speciality have an important significance for promoting and guiding the rapid development of mud logging technology.

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Balance and Loss of Balance in Human Rights Law;The Socialist Legal System with Chinese Characteristics: Its Structure, Features and Trends;Historical Materialism and Contemporary Socio-historical Reality;Rousseau, Kant and Marx in the Lineage of "Moral P

  19. Abstract

    OpenAIRE

    Kucrová, Veronika

    2011-01-01

    My thesis deals with the legal aspects of counterfeit trademarks, the competence of Customs Administration in the control of intellectual property rights, labor courts and CTI. My work describe the basic concepts and legal rules governing intellectual property rights. All rights and duties, regulations, agreements and treaties in the field of legal protection designation.

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Current Situation and Prospect of Urban Transit Development in Mainland China The paper reviews the development of urban transit construction, networking operation and diversified technology systems in mainland China during the last 40 years. The paper also presents the short-term planning of urban transit in mainland China and the solutions for financing, construction period and operational cost etc.

  1. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Overview of the development of the hybrid locomotive at home and abroad TIAN Rui, KANG Yi-nan (Dalian Locomotive Research Institute Co., Ltd., Dalian 116021, China ) Abstract: This paper analyzes the structure principle and classification feature of hybrid locomotive from the perspective of energy saving and emission reduction, discussing the key technology and summarizing its development and application at home and abroad. On this basis, the development prospect and problems to be solved of hybrid locomotive are analyzed. Key words: hybrid locomotive; principle; classification; application; prospect

  2. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The present situation and development countermeasures of Chinese mud logging operations. Liu Yingzhong, Li Yichao and Liu Zhenjiang. Mud Logging Engineering, 2012, 23 (2):1-7 From mud logging data interpretation and evaluation, acquisition, data processing, equipment, software and mud logging information etc. , the authors summarized the development status of Chinese mud logging techniques, and the contributions that mud logging technology made in speeding up drilling, regional geological research, well location optimization etc. with timely detection and accurate evaluation of oil, gas and water layers, a comprehensive analysis was made to the challenges faced by mud logging technology in aspects of the complex hydrocarbon reservoirs evaluation,

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Research on the Necessity of Building Intercity Transit System within Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan Metropolitan Huang Weili 4 To plan and build intercity transit network within Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan metropolitan will not only meet the rapidly increasing demand for passenger transport service and promoting the integration and urbanization of the metropolitan, but is also the necessary measures to build energy-saving and environmental-friendly society, and realize sustainable development.

  4. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Judicature, Public Opinion, and Politics at An Age of Disordered Legal World View :A Study Centered on the Case of Li Changkui The Case of L/Changkui represents a kind of simple "hard case", in which whatever the judge made a de- cision, result of the case failed to gain good social and legal effects, and the causation, however, rested on the internal system of judicature. The Case of Li reflects an age at which legal world view is deficient in coherence and integration. Although it's not an exclusive problem for China that judicature, public opinion and politics in- teract complicatedly, and the society shows distustt upon the criminal justice system, it reveals that, in the case of Li, some judicial personnel and academics hold an uni-dimensional and prejudiced understanding on the credi- bility, legitimacy and stability of judicature.

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    DESIGN OF ANTI-LIGHTENING AND GROUNDING SYSTEM FOR COMPRESSOR SHELTER AND LARGE WAREHOUSE IN REFINERY AND PETROCHEMICAL PLANT[1] Wang Zongjing (SINOPEC Engineering Incorporation, Beijing, 100101) Abstract:With the rapid development of national economy, petrochemical industry plays a more and more important role in national economy. Since most of the process medium in various units in refineries and petrochemical plants are flammable and explosive hazardous substances, high requirements are imposed on the reliability, continuity and stability of each link and facility in the production. Most of the compressor shelters and large warehouses, which are the core buildings in refin- ery and petrochemical plant, are closed or semi-open, so that the atmospheric diffusion of explosive gas mixture is restrained and explosion hazard concentration is kept within a certain period of time. In case of ignition, the enormous explosion pressure will result in damage to equipment and buildings. Therefore, the anti-lightening design of compressor shelter and large warehouse is especially important for the anti-lightening security of refineries and petrochemical plants.

  6. Abstract

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    dell

    per week; processed in a team work, and finalized by a local work shop accommodating the ... biological, health sciences, social sciences ... the new education and training policy of Ethiopia ...... schools were budget, staff shortage, classrooms ...

  7. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Solving the vibration problem of diesel engine and its peripheral equipments with MK II PAK analysis system,Quality situation and analysis of copper radiator for diesel locomotive,Development of cooling system for GMC-96 rail grinding car

  8. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    administrative interference in staff work and a reasonable reduction in the work load of ... Traditional definition of attitude contains a slightly conception of its meaning. Definitions ..... Conditions for the Design and Management Of. Agricultural ...

  9. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Development and Application of Three-stage and Four-layer Fluorine Removal Technology for Purification of Smelting Flue Gas Removal of fluorine from fluorine-containing smelting gas during the sulphurie acid production provides effective protection for the equipment in the system, and it is al~ a necessary measure to maintain normal prodluetion. For the equipment features and resource conditions in a sulphuric acid plant, the concept of three-stage and four layer fluorine removal is proposed, and the purification technology for fluorine removal is developed through optimization of the process design. Practice has shown that by utilizing the three-stage and four-layer fluorine removal technology, it offers advantages like higher efficiency of fluorine removal, shorter process flow, less equipment investment, easier operation, and offers certain value for promotion.

  10. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Analysis and forecast of the world economy The pace of global economic recovery has slowed down markedly and the risk of a sagging world economy has been increasing in 2011. However, the economic slowdown was taking place at different speeds in different categories of economies. The momentum of economic recovery in the developed economies is clearly insufficient, and its economic growth rate is far lower than the rate of the emerging economies and has declined much more than that of emerging economies. Many big developed economies are facing very severe employment situation now, while the space of the their fiscal and monetary policies have been compressed by the upgrade of the sovereign debt crisis and long-term low interest rates, which are associated with the turmoil in international financial markets, the sluggish growth of international trade and investment, fluctuations in international commodity prices, and aggravated social problems.

  11. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Models of Reduction and Functionalism: Comments on Kim's Reductive Physicalism CHEN Xiaoping (Research Center of System Science and System Management, School of Public Administration, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510006) Abstra

  12. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Subject of Research, Methodology and Research Paradigm of ‘Das Kapital'; ‘Das Kapital' and the Scientific View of Marx on Wealth;The Way of Capitalism in the Background of Global Financial Crisis;

  13. Abstract

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    unique firstlady

    To capture impact of subsidy removal on domestic consumption of petroleum product ... curtains, detergents, records, plastic toys and toothpaste. Crude oil got from ... This implies uncondensable gases, methane, ethane, and ethylene, which ...

  14. Abstract

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Francis

    1 Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Avinashilingam University, ... traditional Indian medicinal systems which has a very important role in indicating ... obstructive disorders, diabetes, leprosy, respiratory disorders and certain skin ...

  15. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gathered through the use of interview schedule. Percentages and ... processing equipment that will reduce both the time on each operation and the tedious .... required for the processor to measure water into the cassava tuber container.

  16. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    , formed and operated along democratic lines for the purpose of ... water, good roads, communication, electricity and hospital constitute a rural area. Finally, ..... Ijere M.O. (1988) The Role of Cooperatives in Agricultural Technology Transfer, In.

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Discussion on Geological Exploration Culture and Core Value System of Geological Exploration Industry PENG Qiming(Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China) Abstract: Since the convening of the Sixth Plenary Session of the Sixth Central Committee of the CPC, the function of soft power of culture construction has been attracted widespread attention. For geological industry, an important factor which restricts the development of this industry is the culture of geological prospecting, while the key point is to establish the core value system of geological exploration industry. This paper introduces the role of the core value system of geological exploration industry, these include: guiding the direction and trace of industry development; gathering strength and forming resultant force; setting up the confidence and determination of inspiration; and establishing professional and ethical standards and behaviors. This paper offers some specific methods required for developing the advanced culture of geological industry,

  18. Clinical efficacy and IL-17 targeting mechanism of Indigo naturalis as a topical agent in moderate psoriasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Hui-Man; Wu, Yang-Chang; Wang, Qingmin; Song, Michael; Wu, Jackson; Chen, Dion; Li, Katherine; Wadman, Eric; Kao, Shung-Te; Li, Tsai-Chung; Leon, Francisco; Hayden, Karen; Brodmerkel, Carrie; Chris Huang, C

    2017-09-02

    Indigo naturalis is a Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) ingredient long-recognized as a therapy for several inflammatory conditions, including psoriasis. However, its mechanism is unknown due to lack of knowledge about the responsible chemical entity. We took a different approach to this challenge by investigating the molecular profile of Indigo naturalis treatment and impacted pathways. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study was conducted using Indigo naturalis as topical monotherapy to treat moderate plaque psoriasis in a Chinese cohort (n = 24). Patients were treated with Indigo naturalis ointment (n = 16) or matched placebo (n = 8) twice daily for 8 weeks, with 1 week of follow-up. At week 8, significant improvements in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) scores from baseline were observed in Indigo naturalis-treated patients (56.3% had 75% improvement [PASI 75] response) compared with placebo (0.0%). A gene expression signature of moderate psoriasis was established from baseline skin biopsies, which included the up-regulation of the interleukin (IL)-17 pathway as a key component; Indigo naturalis treatment resulted in most of these signature genes returning toward normal, including down-regulation of the IL-17 pathway. Using an in vitro keratinocyte assay, an IL-17-inhibitory effect was observed for tryptanthrin, a component of Indigo naturalis. This study demonstrated the clinical efficacy of Indigo naturalis in moderate psoriasis, and exemplified a novel experimental medicine approach to understand TCM targeting mechanisms. NCT01901705 .

  19. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    THE MAIN SAFETY MEASURES AND VISTA OF THE SUCCESSFUL EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE " THREE HIGH" GAS FIELD IN NORTH-EAST OF SICHUAN PROVINCE[ 1] Peng Guosheng (SINOPEC Safety & Environmental Protection Bureau, Beijing , 100728) Abstract: Based on the special safety risk of "Three High" gas field in north-east of Sichuan province, this paper makes a systematic analysis on the necessity of special supervising and managing measures taken by SINOPEC during exploration and development.

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    How can an ordinary Chinese do better in contributing to national reputationthrough public diplomacy? All they need to do is to tell stories of their own and ofothers' around them in an appropriate way. These stories are from the daily life, theyare real, rich, natural, vivid, lively and easy to understand, but not so rhetoric. They canmove people deeply and improve the image of China and Chinese people successfully.

  1. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the Logic of Heart and the Intuitive Approach: An Outline of Modern Idealism Linked Chinese and Western Philosophical Ideas,A Reflection and Analogical Interpretation of Active Justice,Channel of the Effectiveness of Public Policy in the Perspective of Social Equality: A Theoretical Analysis of the Efficacy of Public Policy

  2. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Post-Western International System and the Rise of the East;Hegemonlc Dependence and the Logic in the Declining Asceudance of Leading Powers;Constructive Leadership and China's Diplomatic Transformation;The Bargaining Model of International Mediation Onset:A Quantitative Test;The Imnact of Gender Differences on National Military Expenditure

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    A bus line inquiry algorithm based on set theory is proposed,and the design flow of transfer algorithm is presented. A plan for improving the efficiency of the inquiry algorithm is put forward. The bus line inquiry algorithm is simple and effective, and it can help user select optimal bus line.

  4. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    CARBONIFEROUS- PERMIAN PETROLEUM GEOLOGY AND EXPLORATION DIRECTION OF TIAOHU DEPRESSION IN SANTANGHU BASIN;THE APPLICATION OF S- WAVE PARAMETERS BUILDING TECHNOLOGY IN THE LITHOLOGIC RESERVOIRS EXPLORATION;THE IDENTIFICATION TECHNOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATION FOR LITHOLOGY OF NIUDONG VOLCANIC RESERVOIR;CAUSES OF PERMIAN DENSE CONGLOMERATE RESERVOIR AND FAVORABLE BLOCK PREDICTION IN ZHONG GUAI BULGE;

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on engineering practice, this paper applies the finite element method to model the SAC test results of bolted endplate connection. The ductility capacity of a new extended bolted end-plate connection for industrial buildings and structures is analyzed, and the analysis results can be used in engineering design and the development of specifications concerned.

  6. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    showed that the per capita calorie intake of the people is 1990 kcal/day while the average household size and dependency ratio were found to be 9 persons and 0.77 .... staple food, and large number of female controlled households suggest.

  7. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    4 Carrying on the Past and Forge Ahead into the Future for New Contributions to the Cause of Geology and Mineral Resource Development in New Period ——Speech at the Celebration Meeting of 30^th Anniversary of China Society of Geology and Mineral Resource Economics

  8. Language disorders as a window on universal grammar: an abstract theory of agreement for IP, DP, and V-PP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roeper, T; Ramos, E; Seymour, H; Abdul-Karim, L

    2001-06-01

    A new concept of Agreement (AGR) has been represented as a Formal Feature that can appear in a wide range of different configurations (Chomsky, 1998). A case study from language disorders supports and extends this abstract concept. The child shows no agreement in Inflectional Phrase me can and Determiner Phrase them eyes. We then extend the notion of AGR to include verb-Prepositional Phrase relations, where the child also systematically avoids certain prepositions (go beach). The analysis is supported by intuitional data from compounds (sweep with broom --> broom-swept). We also define a systematic notion of Possible deficit as a premature fixation of functional items which normally require additional Phi-features. The notion of Maximization of Formal Features then emerges as a significant feature of learnability from both a normal and disordered perspective.

  9. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    4The Current Trends in Global Mineral Exploration and Development LIU Shucken (Information Center of Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China) Abstract: This paper introduces the main issues that the global mineral exploration and development are faced with. The main issues of focus include: the mineral exploration has rapidly recovered from the short depression caused by the effects of global financial crisis; most of the important mineral reserves have continued to grow; there has been continued rapid growth in mining development investment; the supply capacity of mineral products has increased; mergers and acquisitions of mining company are stirring, and multinational mergers & acquisitions has become mainstream,

  10. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    1.China-U.S. Relations and the Setuv of Asia-Pacific China Institute of International Studies, a member by Shi Yongming, Associate Fellow, of the editorial board of "Peace and Development" magazine and a guest researcher of CPDS. The Asia-Pacific region is a confluence area where interests of China and the U.S. meet together. Development in China-U.S. strategic relationship will have direct impact on the the regional setup. Likewise, evolution and changes in that setup will also produce an effect on that alignment of relationship.

  11. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    1.APPLICATION OF VSP TECHNOLOGY OF GREAT WALL DRILLING COMPANY IN OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION ABROAD/Du Xudong., Huang Daqin, Zhao Qihui.2011 (6)8-13 ( Interpretation Research Center of Great Wall Drilling Engineering Company ) Development and perfection of VSP technology have close relationship with the requirements of production. The paper presents 6 aspects of application about VSP technology in oil and gas exploration abroad: lproviding high-precision interpretation result----high-precision time-depth;

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Chinese foreign trade enterprises enter the crucial period of transformation and upgrade The global economy is likely into a long-term downturn and recovery is difficult. For a long time, the foreign trade development environment is difficult to be improved obviously. Many negative factors are overlaid and will bring the foreign trade greater challenge. Impacted by the dual factors of intemational market fluctuation, domestic economic environment tightening,

  13. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Research of Theory & Method Miscible Flooding Well Test Model With Carbon Dioxide Injection and Its Pressure Analysis. 2011,20(4):1 -4 Zhu Jianwei, Shao Changjin, Liao Xinwei, Yang Zhenqing( China University of Petroleum (Beijing) ) Based on miscible flooding well test analysis theory with carbon dioxide injection, the diffusion model of mixture components when carbon dioxide miscible with the oil and variation law of the temperature and viscosity are analyzed,

  14. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    International Norms, Group Identity and Domestic Institutional Re- form: The Case of China's Entrance to FATF Lie Xinghua Abstract: International norms are the collection of binding rules governing the international community. International norms with high levels of legitimacy result in norm groups. Such norm groups directly affect the space for and effectiveness of behavior. In order to enter a norm group and obtain membership status within the group, states must engage in domestic institu- tional reforms in order to meet standards of admission. In order to enter FATF, China studied the principles of the 40+ 9 Recommendations, and ad- vanced comprehensive domestic reforms to counter money laundering.

  15. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    An Exploration of the Origin of the Yue People in Lingnan (by BAI Bing) Abstract: Investigations into the origin of the Yue people in Lingnan based on reliable archaeological data, literature, and data concerning nationalities, and by means of periodation, backward inference, and paleographic knowledge show that the Maba people living 129,000 years ago were probably the main body of the ~ue people. From their ancient ancestry to the Warring States period, the ~ue people underwent continuous evolution. They were probably aboriginals of local origin. There were continuous exchanges between the various tribes of the Yue people and they incorporated each other. Key words: Lingnan; the Yue people; origin

  16. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    STUDY ON THE NATURAL GAS ACCUMULATION IN LOW RELIEF STRUCTURE RESERVOIR AT MIDDLE PORTION OF CHARZHOU STEPS IN AMUDARY BASIN Abstract: This paper focuses on the Hydrocarbon accumulation in low relief structure based on the comprehensive studies of seismic data, regional stratum, sedimentary facies, abundance of hydrocarbon and the character of petroleum geology of the Karakul territory in Chardjou step of Amudarya Basin. A reservoir geological model was established and the Potential zones of oil and gas accumulation were recommended by means of analysis well data, seismic data and three existing low relief gas deposits in the Karakul.

  17. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Liu Diren, Xie Weibiao, Yin Qiuli and Zhou Liyan. Study on the Influence of induction logging response on tool eccentricity in horizontal well. Jiang Yiqing, Xu Lin, Wang Jianmin and Du Hui. Simulation of time spectrum by oxygen activation logging.Zhang Jiawei, Song Gongpu, Sai Fang, Xue Zhibo. Design of simulator based on NMR downhole tools.

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Zhang Xionghui, You Chang, Tang Jie, Zhou Qizhi, Xu Feng, Li Ganghan and Ma Yan. Development of a series of logging tool long-time working under high temperature and high pressure condition. PI, 2012,26 (3) : 1-3

  19. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Development status of domestic and foreign hydraulic transmissions;Effect of advance angle of fuel supply on exhaust emissions for a diesel engine with EGR technology;Effect on noise of diesel engine under different atmospheric preessure and biodiesel blends;Application of digital governing system to V280/285 series marine diesel engine;

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    South Korea's strategy and the economic and trade relations with China South Korea in a relatively short period of time has obtained the economic fast boom, creating "the Han River Miracle" remarkably. Due to the typical export-oriented economy, the South Korea is very sensitive to the international situation.

  1. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Changing the Means of Structural Adjustment for Transformation of Development Pattern SONG Ze Abstract: History of China's reform and opening up has proven that government-led industrial structural adjustment is unsuccessful. Facing the new situation and economic development tasks, new ideas of industrial restructuring should be clearly put forward that the government will create conditions to adjust the structure by the market. During the Twelve-Five Years, the most priority should be how to reform the way how to change the structural adjustment. If the "structural adjustment" approach, especially in the manufacturing sector can not be changed, many goals on economic transition are likely to fall again. Under the circumstance it is necessary to accelerate the development of a unified, open and orderly modern market system, and effectively implement the market-pushed industrial restructuring approach, and strengthen the intermediary function of finance and inner trade and create good policy environment conducive to promoting the services sector in the process of structural adjustment and industrial upgrading. Key Words:industrial structure; adjustment approach

  2. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    agricultural extension practitioners should intensify efforts in educating rural farmers ... disease caused by Human immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV), usually found in ... Health experts put Nigeria prevalence rate at 5.4% ranging from a low 1.9% to .... income may increase food and livelihood insecurity and severely undermine ...

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Since labor resources are a key factor in economic development, the difference of their allocation efficiency has aggravated the imbalance of China's regional economic development. Based on the formula of per capital GDP, this paper constructs an interpretation model of demographic bonus containing influence factors of human capital and material capital accumulation. Subsequently, using data envelopment analysis model we have measured and decomposed relative efficiency of demographic bonus in each region of China during 2006-2010. We have also accounted for the technical efficiency and scale efficiency by using Tobit model. Empirical analysis shows that the relative efficiency of demographic bonus in the Eastern region is higher than those in the middle and west areas. The technical efficiency is mainly affected by education level, aggregation effect of labor force and its participation rate, with influence radios of 0.0102 and 0.0149. Meanwhile, The scale efficiency is mainly affected by education level, aggregation effect of labor force, industrial environment of capital accumulation and generation effect of material capital, with influence radios of 0.1549, 0.1234 and 0.0371. Finally, this paper puts forward suggestions related to the findings.

  4. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Revolution of 1911 Promoting the Deep Development of the CPC History and National History by the Research and Publication of the History of the Revolution of …………1911 Zhu Jiamu (4)

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The Relational Capital, the Institutional Environment and the Validity of the Payment by Fiscal Transfers;The Framing of the Clauses of the Company Regulations, the Protection of the Law for the Right of Investors, and the Company Governance: Evidences f

  6. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Comment on "State-owned Economy Retreating from Competitive Field";Analysis of Real Effects of State-owned Enterprise Discussing with Research Group of Tianze Institute of Economics;Treating the Nature of Social Labor with a Developing and Opening Sight And Basic Principles to Judge the Nature of Social Labour

  7. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Through-bit-logging (TBL) technology is developed corporately by Shell and Reeves Oil Company. It can replace standard cable logging and logging while drilling technology. It has characteristics of saving cost and convenient operation.The principle is to transmit the logging tool into borehole through drill rod with a special bit. The acquired formation evaluation data are read on surface from the wire line tool or stored in the tool before pulling out the hole.The paper introduces the principle of work, advantages and development trend of TBL, and cases of its application in rough borehole in North Sea fields. Finally development of TBL technology is summarized. Keywords: TBL; logging while drilling wireline logging

  8. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China gradually got rid of foreign controls and finally became one of Great Powers from the "Sick man of East Asia" during the Republican era. During this period, intellectuals played significant roles both from the perspective of knowledge building and from the practical perspective. With respect to knowledge building, intellectuals initiatively introduced western knowledge and constructed a new knowledge framework about international relations based on the Chinese tradition in order to counter the shock of external knowledge and reduce the frustration from the collapse of Tributary System, which made China deal with the New world with much more self-confidence. The progress on knowledge building also provide theoretical foundation of foreign attitude and shape the Chinese, especially the elites' perceptions towards international affairs. Meanwhile, intellectuals attempted to deliver Chinese voices through diverse international platforms,

  9. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Applications of converted-wave anisotropic prestack time migration in LMD area. Zhang Liyan1, Li AngI, Pei Jiangyun1 and Song Zongpingz. OGP, 2012, 47(5): 683-689 Media anisotropy affects greatly converted- wave imaging for large offset gather. Based on non-hyperbolic NMO equations of converted-wave anisotropy, we propose a simple and practical high precision Gamma (Average velocity ratio of P and S wave) field building method and a structure ve- locity scanning method in this paper. These two methods can obtain accurate Gamma field and con- verted-wave RMS velocity field. Migration travel time can be calculated by anisotropy double square root scattering travel time equation. The applica- tion of the methods on 3D3C data in LMD area,

  10. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Design of the LabVIEW-based test stand for diesel engine hydraulic governor ZHANG Wei-dong1, LIU Li-hua2, ZONG Ya-ping1 ( 1. Air Force Radar Academy, Wuhan 430019, China; 2. Second Artillery Command College, Wuhan 430019, China)Abstract: the test stand The structure for diesel engine and working principle of hydraulic governor were introduced. The user interface, speed governing curves display and data analysis were realized by IabVIEW to conduct calibration and draulic governor diagnosis for diesel engine hy-

  11. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    1.Changes Come from Turmoils, Hopes Reside in Stagnancy,by Zhu Feng a professor at the Schobl ofInternational t/elations, t'eklng University, anu a member oi ecutorlai Doaro oi Peaceand Development and a gust researcher of CDPS. In 2011, "the Arab Spring" changed the geopolitical ecology of the Middle East and North Africa. The U.S. stepped up readjustment to its global strategy with a high-sounding voice proclaimed its "return to Asia Pacific". A great surge was felt in the political trend of thoughts in the world, and the world was still faced with various terrorist threats.

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Reliability validation studies of locomotive engine turbocharger LI Yu (Dalian Locomotive Research Institute Co., Ltd., Dalian 116021, China) Abstract: Considering the use features of the locomotive diesel engine turbocharger and combining the finite element simulation with experiment, the validation method of tile turbocharger has been studied. In this way, the number of tests can be reduced and the success rate of the test can be increased. And the turbocharger relia- bility assessment can be ahead of the schedule. Key words: turbocharger; reliability; validation test

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Kong Jie, Li Shurong and Wang Weibo. ARMA model of MEMS acceleration detector and its characteristic analysis. PI, 2011, 25(5): 1 - 3 Impulse response datum of MEMS acceleration detector is got by the vibro-bench experiment. The ARMA model of this detector is built through the Steiglitz-McBride iteration method with impulse response datum. And the orders of ARMA model is evaluated using Hankel matrix rank. The simulation shows that the ARMA model built is very accurate. In the end, the amplitude frequency characteristics of this detector are analyzed according to the ARMA model.

  14. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    4 Thoughts on Several Issues with respect to Geological Prospecting Work Peng Qiming (Department of Geological Exploration, Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 100812, China) Abstract: This paper first analyses some issues concerning geological prospecting work, such as: the understanding of the connotation of geological prospecting new mechanism; how to play the role of public geological work in strengthening basis properly; reform and development of geological prospecting units; and the issue of the quality descent of geological exploration. It goes on to argue that the core of the new mechanism of geological prospecting includes: social capital is the main part in mineral exploration market;

  15. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    identification of the poor and their characteristics; they should be given a chance to ... established to help eradicate the poverty, which include the People Empowerment ... Welfare Service Scheme has programmes like: Special Education ...

  16. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Case Studies of The New Young Man at Ministry of Organization's Editing Li Pin The editing of The New Young Man at Ministry of Organization wins its fame in the modern history of Chinese editing and pub- lishing for its conscious intensification of anti-bureaucracy theme, and its embodiment of the editing pursuit of Qin Zhaoyang, Peo- ple's Literature's executive editor-in-chief. After Mao Zedong's proposal of public criticism, China Writers Association persisted in editing reason, discussed related theoretical and practical problems in the form of panel, and brought forward the title of unknown heroes for editors, which means a milestone in the modern history of Chinese editing principles.

  17. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Function Ascriptions of Technical Artifacts (p.1) CHEN Fan, XU Jia (Research Center for Philosophy of Science and Technology, Northeastern University, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110004) Abstract: The function of technical artifacts is mind dependent. It is an ontologicaUy subjective entity and an epistemologically objective judgment. Function ascription is a general form of technical function in the epistemological sense. Function ascriptions may be taken in a descriptive and in a performative sense. The former can be called function ascriptions for short and the latter function assignments. The mind dependency of the function of technical artifacts is grounded in performative function ascriptions instead of descriptive function ascriptions. Key Words: Function ascriptions; Descriptive function ascriptions; Performative function ascriptions; Function assignments

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Be Independent from Autocracy: a Comparison Between Wang Yuanhua and Gong Zizhen Also on the Depth of Wang Yuanhua's Thinking on the Eve of the Ideological Emancipation Movement Xia Zhongyi In 1977 ,Wang Yuanhua began to appreciate Gong Zizhen, not only because they were similar in temperament, context and situation, but also because Wang Yuanhua had found out the element of personal liberation in Gong zizhen's saying Be Independent from Autocracy, which shows that Wang Yuanhua's realization of the personal value was earlier than Li Zehou ( who established the Subjectivity Outline in a Kant's Way in 1979 ) and Wang Ruoshui (who proposed that personal value is the basis of Marxism in 1981 ) , and Wang Yuanhua's contribution in study Chinese by Chinese experience.

  19. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    COSCO Shipping semi-sub veseis POOL achieving new progress On August 8, 2012, the second member China Zhejiang Xiazhiyuan Ship Management Co., Ltd. joined the semi-submersible vessels POOL created by COSCO Shipping Co., Ltd. (COSCOL) earlier this year. The new member comes after the Guangzhou Salvage Bureau of the Ministry of Communications, who joined the semi-submersible vessels POOL in February. The capacity structure of the COSCO Shipping's semi-submersible vessel POOL can be further optimized in 20000, 30000, 40000 and 50000 DWT and achieved universal coverage, which powerfully promoting the brand of appeal. COSCO Shipping Co., Ltd. owns and operates nearly 100 ships including semi-submersible, heavy lift, multi-purpose, ro-ro/Io-lo, general cargo ships and pure car carriers. Among them, semi-submersible vessels are the leading.P18

  20. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    to select 243 yam growing women farmers from the three agricultural zones of the State. .... adoption, benefits and problems of adoption of yam minisett technology. .... farmer's previous experience with other innovations will likely influence her ...

  1. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Probe into The Production of Songhua Inkstone in Kangxi period and His Bestowing Them upon His Subjects;A Study of Kiln-Firing Production for Construction of Beijing in The Ming Dynasty: Focus on The Changes of Kiln Sites, Product Structure and Manufacture System of Supplies;More on The Design of The Large Timbers in The Structure of Daxiong Dian(Hall) of Fengguo Temple of Yi County with The Enlightenment from The Latest Research Available;

  2. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Philosophical Analysis of the Essential Characteristics of Transgenic Technology: Based on the Comparative Studies of Different Breeding Ways (p.1);Public Recognition of the Issue of Technology Ethics of GM Corn in Contemporary China (p.7);Uncertainty of Commercializing GM Crops in China (p.13);Analysis of the Public's Perception of and Attitude to GM Rice and Guidance to Their Behavior: Based on the Data from Social Survey in Hubei Province (p.18)

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The Introduction of Western Learning to the East and the Sinicization of Marxist Philosophy The introduction of western learning to the east objectively promoted the dissemination of Marxist philosophy in China, forming an important historical prerequisite for the sinicization of Marxist philosophy. Moreover, it also triggered a great transformation in the historical development of Chinese philosophy and facilitated its transition from ancient to early modern traditions, thereby establishing through sinicization a link between Marxist philosophy, which originated in the western philosophical tradition, and the Chinese tradition of philosophy, and rendering Marxist philosophy Chinese. This offered the possibility that sinicized Marxist philosophy would play a positive guiding role in the development of modern Chinese philosophy. Therefore, we may say that without the introduction of western learning to the east, there would be no sinicization of Marxist Ichilosophy; and without in-depth research on the relationship between the introduction of western learning to the east and the sinicization of Marxist philosophy, there would be no real understanding of the sinicization of Marxist philosophy. However, the close links between the sinicization of Marxist philosophy and the introduction of western learning do not indicate that the sinicization of Marxist philosophy is part of the history of the introduction of western learning to the east. The sinicization of Marxist philosophy does not itself belong to the category of the spread of western learning to the east. This is because Marxist philosophy is essentially different from all other commonly known western sciences; its sinicization differs from the eastward spread of western learning in terms of its goals, social nature, results and effects on society.

  4. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Type-selection design of axle box bearing for high-speed passenger car bogie LIANG Yun, XIA Chun-jing (Changchun Railway Vehicle Co., Ltd., Chang- chun 130062, China) Abstract: This paper elaborates type-selection analysis of axle box bearings for high-speed passenger ear bogie and introduces the main influence factors of type- selection and life calculation of bearings.

  5. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@CONCURRENT SESSION: FOOD AND WATERBORNE DISEASES      Chair  Prof. Liu Xiu-mei, Institute of Nutrition and Food Hygiene (CAPM), China   Co-chair   Dr. Jorgen Schlundt, World Health Organization, Switzerland   1530-1545 hrs Emerging Foodborne Disearse: An Evolving Public Health Challenge   Robert Baldwin, Center for Disease Control, USA   1545-1600 hrs Food Poisoning Typicality in Food Safety Vulnerable Area of Indonesia   Adil Basuki Abza, Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia   1600-1615 hrs The Management of Food Poisoning in China   Li Tai-ran, Institute of Food Safety Control and Inspection, Ministry of Health, China   1615-1630 hrs Detection of Campylobacter Species Using a Fluorogenic Real-Time PCR Detection System   Hai-yan Wang, Bureau of Microbial Hazards, Health Canada, Canada   1630-1645 hrs An Overview on Bongkrekic Acid Food Poisoning   Liu Xiu-mei, Institute of Nutrition and Food Hygiene (CAPM), China   1645-1700 hrs Screening Procedure from Cattle Feces and the Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 in Taiwan Dairy Cattle   Chin-Cheng Chou, Taiwan University, Taibei, China

  6. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Summary of Construction of a Hz S-based Sulphuric Acid Unit for a Large-sized Synthetic Ammonia Plant/Development and Application of New Process for Yellow Phosphorus Filtration during Yellow Phosphorus Production/Review of the Low-temperature Heat Recovery System of 250 kt/a Sulpharic Acid Plant of Shandong Bofeng/Technology for Combined Production in Compound Phosphate Fertilizer Plant of SHCCIG/Practice of Fouling Removal with Sulphuric Acid in the Cooling Water System of 400 kt/aSulfuric Acid Plant Based on Sulphur Burning/Production of Nitro-compound Fertilizer with Nitric Acid and Sulphuric Acid Method/Application of Tantalum Heat Exchanger and Glass Equipment in Spent Sulphuric Acid Concentration

  7. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    STUDY ON THE FEATURES OF DIFFERENT REFLECTION IN TAHE OILFIELD PALEOCAVES RESERVOIR/Jianfeng Wang, Pei Jin, Xinhua, Li et al. Northwest Oilfield Company of SINOPEC, Urumqi, Xinfiang ,830011/Xinfiang ShiYou TianRan Qi ,2011,7 ( 3 ) : 1 - 5 Abstract:In This paper, in the light of Seismic migration section and tectonic analysis data, seismic echo styles of Tahe oilfield paleocaves reservoir in time migration are summed up; different reflection features are classified. In the meantime, the classification criteria of quantizing identification with reservoir seismic echo model is established. With those methods above, the paleocaves reservoirs forecasting degree and well arrangement ratio are improved, the risk of developmental drilling is reduced and efficiency is reduced. The high development efficiency in Ordovician paleocaves reservoir is fulfilled. Key Words : Tahe Oilfield ; Paleocaves Reservoir; Reflection features ; Quantizing identification ; Reservoirs forecasting

  8. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    China's roles in the rice cultivation culture in the world---the inventor of artificial cultivation of rice; Zhuang nationality's roles in the artificial cultivation of rice in China--the earliest inventor of artificial cultivation of rice; Longan County's roles in the rice cultivation culture of Zhuang nationality---the most concentrated and most splendid exhibition place and the biggest highlight for the rice cultivation culture of Zhuang nationality. Key words: Longan County; rice cultivation culture; biggest highlight

  9. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Academic progress and innovation depend on the development and change of researchparadigms. In order to lay a foundation for research based on "Chinese discourse, " scholars inChina must develop their own academic paradigms based on realities of their country. A review ofvillager self-administration research indicates that, the practice of villager self-administration inChina has once again become a focus of its political science, among others. Not only has a "valuesystem" paradigm been created, but also its change into a new one of "form-condition" hascompleted, the process of which is of universal value.

  10. ABSTRACT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Old local government documents are an important basis for studying ancient villages and clan cultures. From the Xinhui County Gazetteer, it is known that the development of the Tangxia Basin where Liangxi is located had started by the beginning of the Ming Dynasty. By the Kangxi reign period in the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, the village and its clan had received considerable government attention. By' the end of the Qing Dynasty, the village had been sanctified. It is a notewor- thy phenomenon that a clan could have attained such an important cultural position.

  11. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The flue gas flow in entrance of electrostatic precipitator was simulated by Fluent software. Base on the simulation result, a new corona wires arrangement method was proposed for better gas flow distribution. The results indicated that when the corona wires in entrance of two adjacent flues arranged in parallel, the high speed ion airflow occurred in strong electric field would hamper the even distribution of flow, while when the corona wires was staggered arranged, it would benefit to the even distribution of gas flow in precipitator and further improve the dust removal efficiency. This result can provide very important guidance to the transformation and the design of electrostatic precipitator.

  12. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Effect of Coolant Temperature on Fuel Consumption and Emissions in YC6A220C Diesel Engine;Optimizing NOx emission performance for 16V280ZC diesel engine;CA3-13 coupler of DFsBI diesel locomotive exported to Iran;Mixed traction technology with LOCOTROL system;

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Application of UIC standards to Chinese railway traction diesel engine industry WANG Xian (Dalian Locomotive Research Institute Co., Ltd., Dalian 116021, China) Abstract: The development, main contents and the practical application of the standards for type test for Chinese railway traction diesel engine were discussed. Key words: UIC standards; locomotive diesel en- gine; type test

  14. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Critique of Contemporary Anti-Marxism Ideologies --Based on Thoughts of the "Four Major Boundaries";The Conflict on Public Ownership: A Comparison between the Socialist Market Economic Theory and the Theory of Market Socialism of British Labour Party;On The Germination of Marxist Theory of Property;Aesthetic Transformation of Mass Media for Socialist Core Value System;

  15. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On Law Theory of Public Interest : An Analysis Based on the Need Spill Theory;The Theory of the Nature of Harming Society : Its Fate in Contemporary China;Criminal Law Fiction : An Analysis of Its Function and Application Rules;How to Define Illegal Financing : A Critique of Legal Interpretation of Illegal Financing by Supreme Court;

  16. Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Determining Dynamic Rese-rve of Gas R e~servoir by Improved Pressure Drop Method; Mechanical Analysis for Completion String and Its Engineering Applications;Performance Prediction of Natural Depleting Development of Condensate Reservoir with High Gas Condensate Content with a Single Well.

  17. ABSTRACT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    their job performance in Imo state agricultural development programme, Nigeria. ... The blocks are made up of many communities with the block extension .... detailed to rural areas to probably execute government policies and decisions. ... office for about 7 times during the past 12 months, listened to agrie radio talk for ...

  18. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the main steps of typical QRA through application of QRA to the risk management of petrochemical construction projects. It explores the limitations of QRA method and points out the role of QRA in risk management of construction proje

  19. Abstract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Concept Construction and Empirical Analysis of Social Integration for Rural-Urban Migrants in China; Under the Dual Structure of the Triple Migration Model: A Shortage of Migrant Workers, a New Research Framework;Cultural Meanings of Chinese Guanxi: A Viewpoint of Management Scholars;Determinants of Banking Efficiency: Cross-Country Evidence;

  20. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    4 Introduction of the Methods Generalized from Mineral Exploration HU Kui (Consulting & Research Center Ministry of Land & Resources, Beijing 100035, China) Abstract: This paper focuses on the introduction of prospecting methods generalized from mineral exploration, these include: prospecting in deep part of the deposit based on shallow deposit, and periphery prospecting within the ore district; finding other type ( kind ) of deposit according to this type; lean ore is the base for rich deposit; small rich ore can depends on large lean ore; the dependence of economical mineral resource is uneconomical mineral resource; prospecting mineral deposit on the basis of different minerals; following outcrop mine to find blind ore; and with marks to explore ore.

  1. Abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Newton Carneiro Affonso da Costa Junior

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study has the objective of verifying if simultaneous investments in several international stock markets are more attractive than in only one national stock market, in other words, if the first ones present a superior risk-return relationship. It can be admitted that if there is a total integration among the analyzed countries, there is little advantage in the international diversification, but if the countries are less integrated, the diversification would bring advantages in risk-return terms. The empirical work is based on Markowitz portfolio theory, CAPM and in the portfolio performance measures of Sharpe, Treynor, and Jensen. The analysis was made for the period of February 1993 to January 2003, based in the most liquid stocks negotiated in the stock market of the main countries of Latin America. The results showed that portfolio diversification in international markets is a better approach.

  2. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    In order to study the state development of fuel-spray in the combustion chamber of TBD620 diesel engine, a spray visualization system was construc-ted by the method of flash photography capturing images of fuel spray at different times. Fuel injection characteris-tics changes were studied by changing the fuel injection pressure and the spray wall-impingement was discovered, which provides a basis of structural optimization for the combustion chamber.

  3. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Adhesive traction test of HXD3 locomotive under simulated rain conditions HAN Chang-hu1, LIU Jie-min2, XU Hao-dong1, SONG Yu-ping1 (1. West Jinan Locomotive Depot, Jinan 250117, China; 2. Jinan Railway Administration, Jinan 250001, China)Abstract: To study the impact of severe weather on HXD3 locomotive adhesive traction force, Jinan Rail- way Administration conducted a adhesive traction test of HXD3 locomotive under simulated rain conditions and accumulated large amount of data for reference.

  4. Probabilistic analysis and related topics

    CERN Document Server

    Bharucha-Reid, A T

    1979-01-01

    Probabilistic Analysis and Related Topics, Volume 2 focuses on the integrability, continuity, and differentiability of random functions, as well as functional analysis, measure theory, operator theory, and numerical analysis.The selection first offers information on the optimal control of stochastic systems and Gleason measures. Discussions focus on convergence of Gleason measures, random Gleason measures, orthogonally scattered Gleason measures, existence of optimal controls without feedback, random necessary conditions, and Gleason measures in tensor products. The text then elaborates on an

  5. Dressings and topical agents for preventing pressure ulcers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Zena E H; Webster, Joan

    2013-08-18

    Pressure ulcers, which are localised injury to the skin, or underlying tissue or both, occur when people are unable to reposition themselves to relieve pressure on bony prominences. Pressure ulcers are often difficult to heal, painful and impact negatively on the individual's quality of life. The cost implications of pressure ulcer treatment are considerable, compounding the challenges in providing cost effective, efficient health services. Efforts to prevent the development of pressure ulcers have focused on nutritional support, pressure redistributing devices, turning regimes and the application of various topical agents and dressings designed to maintain healthy skin, relieve pressure and prevent shearing forces. Although products aimed at preventing pressure ulcers are widely used, it remains unclear which, if any, of these approaches are effective in preventing the development of pressure ulcers. To evaluate the effects of dressings and topical agents on the prevention of pressure ulcers, in people of any age without existing pressure ulcers, but considered to be at risk of developing a pressure ulcer, in any healthcare setting. In February 2013 we searched the following electronic databases to identify reports of relevant randomised clinical trials (RCTs): the Cochrane Wounds Group Specialised Register; the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library); Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (The Cochrane Library); Ovid MEDLINE; Ovid MEDLINE (In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations); Ovid EMBASE; and EBSCO CINAHL. We included RCTs evaluating the use of dressings, topical agents, or topical agents with dressings, compared with a different dressing, topical agent, or combined topical agent and dressing, or no intervention or standard care, with the aim of preventing the development of a pressure ulcer. We assessed trials for their appropriateness for inclusion and for their risk of bias. This was done by two review

  6. Material science and Condensed matter Physics. 8th International Conference. Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulyuk, L. L.; Paladi, Florentin; Canter, Valeriu; Nikorich, Valentina; Filippova, Irina

    2016-08-01

    The book includes the abstracts of the communications presented at the 8th International Conference on Materials Science and Condensed Matter Physics (MSCMP 2016), a traditional biennial meeting organized by the Institute of Applied Physics of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova (IAP).A total of 346 abstracts has been included in the book. The Conference programm included plenary lectures, topical keynote lectures, contributed oral and poster presentations distributed into 7 sections: * Condensed Matter Theory; * Advanced Bulk Materials; * Design and Structural Characterization of Materials; * Solid State Nanophysics and Nanotechnology; * Energy Conversion and Storage. Solid State Devices; * Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry; * Digital and Optical holography: Materials and Methods. The abstracts are arranged according to the sections mentioned above. The Abstracts book includes a table of matters at the beginning of the book and an index of authors at the finish of the book.

  7. Evaluation of preintubation shock index and modified shock index as predictors of postintubation hypotension and other short-term outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trivedi, Sangita; Demirci, Onur; Arteaga, Grace; Kashyap, Rahul; Smischney, Nathan J

    2015-08-01

    Preintubation shock index (SI) and modified shock index (MSI) have demonstrated predictive capability for postintubation hypotension in emergency department. The primary aim was to explore this relationship in the critical care environment. The secondary aims were to evaluate the relationship of shock indices with other short-term outcomes like mortality and length of stay in intensive care unit. This is a nonconcurrent cohort study, conducted in eligible 140 adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients of a tertiary care medical center. Eligibility criterion was emergent endotracheal intubation in apparently hemodynamically stable patients. Preintubation SI ≥ 0.90 had a significant association with postintubation hypotension as defined by systolic blood pressure predictor of postintubation hypotension (systolic blood pressure intubated adult patients in intensive care units. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  8. MCM-41 as a useful vector for rutin topical formulations: synthesis, characterization and testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berlier, Gloria; Gastaldi, Lucia; Sapino, Simona; Miletto, Ivana; Bottinelli, Emanuela; Chirio, Daniela; Ugazio, Elena

    2013-11-30

    Rutin, the glycoside of quercetin, could be used in topical preparations because of its antioxidant and radical scavenging properties, but its employ in cosmetic and pharmaceutical products is limited by poor physico-chemical stability. These issues were addressed by preparing, characterizing and testing rutin inclusion complexes with MCM-41 mesoporous silica. The effect of surface functionalization with aminopropyl groups (NH₂-MCM-41) on the molecules properties was studied. The organic/inorganic interaction was confirmed by many techniques. In particular, the high inclusion of rutin in the pores of NH₂-MCM-41 was assessed by XRD, TGA, gas-volumetric analysis (BET), while FTIR spectroscopy allowed to analyse with great detail the molecular interaction with the inorganic surface. Rutin was stabilized against UV degradation, mostly by its inclusion in NH₂-MCM-41. Ex vivo studies showed a greater accumulation in porcine skin in the case of rutin complexed with NH₂-MCM-41. Not only antioxidant properties of rutin were maintained after immobilization but, with aminopropyl silica, the metal-chelating activity increased noticeably. The immobilization of rutin in aminopropyl silica resulted in better performance in terms of activity and photostability, suggesting the importance of functionalization in stabilizing organic molecules within silica pores.

  9. Development and in vitro assessment of alginate bilayer films containing the olive compound hydroxytyrosol as an alternative for topical chemotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Shiow-Fern; Tan, Say-Lee

    2015-11-30

    Topical chemotherapy is the application of cancer drugs directly onto the skin, which has become a standard treatment for basal cell carcinoma. Due to the promising results in the treatment of skin cancer, topical chemotherapy has recently been applied to breast cancer patients because some breast cancer tissues are only superficial. Hydroxytyrosol, a phenolic compound from olives that is present in high amounts in Hidrox(®) olive extract, has been shown to have a protective effect on normal cells and selective antitumor activities on cancerous cells. The aims of the present study were to develop an alginate bilayer film containing Hidrox(®) and to investigate its potential use as a topical chemotherapeutic agent. Alginate films were characterized for swelling and for physical, thermal, rheological, and mechanical properties. Drug content uniformity and in vitro drug release tests were also investigated. The alginate bilayer films containing Hidrox(®), HB2, showed controlled release of hydroxytyrosol at a flux of 0.094±0.009 mg/cm(2)/h. The results of the cytotoxic assay showed that the HB2 films were dose-dependent and could significantly reduce the growth of breast cancer cells (MCF-7) at 150 μg/mL for a cell viability of 29.34±4.64%. In conclusion, an alginate bilayer film containing Hidrox(®) can be a potential alternative for topical chemotherapeutic agent for skin and breast cancer treatment.

  10. Oak leaf extract as topical antioxidant: free radical scavenging and iron chelating activities and in vivo skin irritation potential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Isabel F; Valentão, Patrícia; Andrade, Paula B; Seabra, Rosa M; Pereira, Teresa M; Amaral, M Helena; Costa, Paulo C; Bahia, M Fernanda

    2008-01-01

    The topical application of antioxidants may be beneficial for the protection of the skin against UV damage. An extract of Quercus robur leaves was prepared and evaluated considering its putative application as topical antioxidant. The solvent and extractive method selection was monitored by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity and polyphenols extraction (measured by the Folin Ciocalteu assay). Iron chelating activity and the phenolic composition (HPLC/DAD) were assessed on the extract obtained under optimized conditions. Skin irritation potential was investigated by performing an in vivo patch test in 19 volunteers. The extraction solvent which resulted in the highest activity was ethanol:water (4:6) and thus it was selected for further preparation of this extract. The IC50s for the iron chelation and DPPH scavenging assays were 153.8 +/- 26.3 microg x mL-1 and 7.53 +/- 0.71 microg x mL-1 (mean +/- SD), respectively. The total phenolic content was found to be 346.3 +/- 6.7 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g extract (mean +/- SD). Three phenolic compounds were identified in the extract namely: ellagic acid, rutin and hyperoside. The major identified component was ellagic acid. The patch test carried out showed that the extract can be regarded as safe for topical application.

  11. Study of Relaxation by Traditional Medicinal Methods on Biological Indexes of the Elderly (Abstract)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The objective of the study was to prove the relaxation effect of traditional medicine by objective biological indexes by modern scientific methods.  Fifty healthy elderly people, aged from 60 to 75, were selected to have traditional medicinal relaxing practice, that is, to relax their body in 3 directions: two sides, in front and backward, and breath naturally, 30 minutes a day, 8 weeks as a cycle. (1) The changes of electroencephalogram (EEG), rheoencephalogram (REG) were measured before and after the treatment cycle. Breath frequency and SaO2 contents were measured before and after the treatment cycle by Pulse oxymeter. (2) As for the circulatory system, pulse frequency, blood pressure, blood influx of limbs were measured before and after the treatment cycle. (3) Biochemical indexes (including index of cholesterol, triglyceride, blood sugar, cortisone, catecholamine) were measured before and after the treatment cycle.……

  12. Study of Relaxation by Traditional Medicinal Methods on Biological Indexes of the Elderly (Abstract)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@The objective of the study was to prove the relaxation effect of traditional medicine by objective biological indexes by modern scientific methods. Fifty healthy elderly people, aged from 60 to 75, were selected to have traditional medicinal relaxing practice, that is, to relax their body in 3 directions: two sides, in front and backward, and breath naturally, 30 minutes a day, 8 weeks as a cycle. (1) The changes of electroencephalogram (EEG), rheoencephalogram (REG) were measured before and after the treatment cycle. Breath frequency and SaO2 contents were measured before and after the treatment cycle by Pulse oxymeter. (2) As for the circulatory system, pulse frequency, blood pressure, blood influx of limbs were measured before and after the treatment cycle. (3) Biochemical indexes (including index of cholesterol, triglyceride, blood sugar, cortisone, catecholamine) were measured before and after the treatment cycle.

  13. Safety, efficacy, and patient acceptability of lidocaine hydrochloride ophthalmic gel as a topical ocular anesthetic for use in ophthalmic procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A Page

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Michael A Page, Frederick W FraunfelderDepartment of Ophthalmology (Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USAPurpose: To review the current literature on safety, efficacy, and measures of surgeon and patient satisfaction with lidocaine hydrochloride gel as a tool for ocular anesthesia.Methods: Pubmed search using keywords “lidocaine gel,” “ophthalmic,” and “surgery” and compiling cross-references. Twenty-six total references were reviewed, including 15 prospective randomized controlled trials (RCTs, total N = 933, average N = 62, 6 nonrandomized prospective studies (total N = 234, average N = 39, 2 animal studies, 1 microbiologic study, and 2 letters to the editor.Results: The RCTs and nonrandomized prospective studies evaluated a number of measures including timing of onset of anesthesia, duration of anesthesia, intraoperative and postoperative pain, need for additional anesthetic applications, intracameral lidocaine levels, and adverse effects. Control groups received topical drops, subconjunctival anesthetic, retrobulbar anesthetic, or sham gel. Lidocaine gel was shown to be at least as effective for pain control as alternative therapies in all studies, with longer duration of action than topical drops. Patient and surgeon satisfaction were high, and adverse effects were rare and comparable to those for anesthetic drop formulations. Surgical settings included cataract, pterygium, trabeculectomy, strabismus, intravitreal injection, vitrectomy, and penetrating keratoplasty.Conclusions: Lidocaine gel is a safe, effective, and potentially underutilized tool for ophthalmic surgery.Keywords: lidocaine, gel, topical, ophthalmic, ocular, anesthetic

  14. Topical fluoride as a cause of dental fluorosis in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, May Cm; Glenny, Anne-Marie; Tsang, Boyd Wk; Lo, Edward Cm; Worthington, Helen V; Marinho, Valeria Cc

    2010-01-20

    For many years, topical use of fluorides has gained greater popularity than systemic use of fluorides. A possible adverse effect associated with the use of topical fluoride is the development of dental fluorosis due to the ingestion of excessive fluoride by young children with developing teeth. To describe the relationship between the use of topical fluorides in young children and the risk of developing dental fluorosis. Electronic search of the Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, BIOSIS, Dissertation Abstracts and LILACS/BBO. Reference lists from relevant articles were searched. Date of the most recent searches: 9th March 09. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs, cohort studies, case-control studies and cross-sectional surveys, in which fluoride toothpastes, mouthrinses, gels, foams, paint-on solutions, and varnishes were compared to an alternative fluoride treatment, placebo or no intervention group. Children under the age of 6 years at the time topical fluorides were used. Data from all included studies were extracted by two review authors. Risk ratios for controlled, prospective studies and odds ratios for case-control studies or cross-sectional surveys were extracted or calculated. Where both adjusted and unadjusted risk ratios or odds ratios were presented, the adjusted value was included in the meta-analysis. 25 studies were included: 2 RCTs, 1 cohort study, 6 case-control studies and 16 cross-sectional surveys. Only one RCT was judged to be at low risk of bias. The other RCT and all observational studies were judged to be at moderate to high risk of bias. Studies were included in four intervention/exposure comparisons. A statistically significant reduction in fluorosis was found if brushing of a child's teeth with fluoride toothpaste commenced after the age of 12 months odds ratio 0.70 (random-effects: 95% confidence interval 0.57 to 0.88) (data from observational studies). Inconsistent statistically significant

  15. Program and Abstracts, Boron Americas IX Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feakes, Debra A.

    2006-08-09

    The Scientific and Technical Information (STI) submitted includes the final report and a collection of abstracts for the Ninth Boron in the Americas Conference which was held May 19-22, 2004, in San Marcos, Texas. The topics covered in the abstracts include: Application in Medicine, Application in Organic Synthesis and Catalysis, Boranes and Carboranes, Materials and Polymers, Metallaboranes and Metallacarboranes, Organoboron Compounds, Synthesis and Catalysis, and Theoretical Studies. Attendees represented researchers from government, industry, and academia.

  16. SRS scientific and technical abstracts, July--September 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-10-01

    This document focuses on the scientific and technical information (STT) reports, articles, and presentations generated at the site by various authors and organizations of Westinghouse Savannah River Company and its subcontractors. Abstracts of these STI products are contained within this document. The abstracts have been compiled as they originally appeared in the source reports. No changes to the content have been made except as necessary to correct errors of spelling, to reduce abstract length, or to ensure that the information is unclassified. The abstracts are organized according to information categories ( UC'' categories) established by the Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI). When reports fall into more than one category, their abstract is included as an entry in the most applicable section of this document. UC-700 General, Miscellaneous, and Progress Reports, UC-701 Chemistry, UC-702 Environmental Sciences, UC-703 Geosciences, UC-704 Materials, UC-705 Mathematics and Computer Sciences, UC-706 Engineering, Equipment, and Instruments, UC-707 Health and Safety, UC-708 Biological Sciences, UC-711 Chemical Separation Processes for Plutonium and Uranium, UC-712 Inertial Confinement Fusion, UC-713 Radioisotope and Radiation Applications, UC-714 Criticality Studies, UC-715 Technology - Feed Materials, UC-721 Defense Waste Management, UC-722 Transportation of Nuclear Materials, UC-731 Nuclear Materials Production, UC-732 Special Isotope Separation (Plutonium), UC-733 Nuclear Raw Materials, UC-741 Chemical High Explosives, UC-742 Applications of Explosions, UC-743 Nuclear Propulsion Systems, UC-744 Aerospace Nuclear Safety, and Index 91.

  17. SRS scientific and technical abstracts, July--September 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-10-01

    This document focuses on the scientific and technical information (STT) reports, articles, and presentations generated at the site by various authors and organizations of Westinghouse Savannah River Company and its subcontractors. Abstracts of these STI products are contained within this document. The abstracts have been compiled as they originally appeared in the source reports. No changes to the content have been made except as necessary to correct errors of spelling, to reduce abstract length, or to ensure that the information is unclassified. The abstracts are organized according to information categories (``UC`` categories) established by the Department of Energy`s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI). When reports fall into more than one category, their abstract is included as an entry in the most applicable section of this document. UC-700 General, Miscellaneous, and Progress Reports, UC-701 Chemistry, UC-702 Environmental Sciences, UC-703 Geosciences, UC-704 Materials, UC-705 Mathematics and Computer Sciences, UC-706 Engineering, Equipment, and Instruments, UC-707 Health and Safety, UC-708 Biological Sciences, UC-711 Chemical Separation Processes for Plutonium and Uranium, UC-712 Inertial Confinement Fusion, UC-713 Radioisotope and Radiation Applications, UC-714 Criticality Studies, UC-715 Technology - Feed Materials, UC-721 Defense Waste Management, UC-722 Transportation of Nuclear Materials, UC-731 Nuclear Materials Production, UC-732 Special Isotope Separation (Plutonium), UC-733 Nuclear Raw Materials, UC-741 Chemical High Explosives, UC-742 Applications of Explosions, UC-743 Nuclear Propulsion Systems, UC-744 Aerospace Nuclear Safety, and Index 91.

  18. Complex refractive index of starch acetate used as a biodegradable pigment and filler of paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karvinen, Petri; Oksman, Antti; Silvennoinen, Raimo; Mikkonen, Hannu

    2007-05-01

    Complex refractive index of strongly depolarizing starch acetate is investigated as a function of bulk package density, which is compulsory parameter in analysis of light scattering from nanoscale starch acetate pigments and fillers. The measurements were made using a laser-goniometer and spectrophotometer to gain data for refractive index analysis according to the Brewster's law and Fresnel equations. The real part of refractive index was verified by microscopic immersion method.

  19. Radiological and Environmental Research Division. Annual report. [Lead abstract

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-01-01

    Seventeen papers are presented with abstracts. In addition, five abstracts without papers are included for related topics, i.e., in-vitro inhibition of cell growth; suppression of B.P.-transformed foci in cells; plutonium in drinking water; radioactive properties and biological behavior of radon; and radioactivity and health status of former thorium workers. Two appendices dealing with exposure data for radium patients and radium-induced malignancies are included. (DAD)

  20. Business and Organizational Communication: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1980 (Vol. 41 Nos. 1 through 6).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The nine titles deal with the following topics: (1) small group interaction within effective and ineffective decision making groups; (2) vertical communication as perceived by administrators and teachers; (3) communication roles as…

  1. Magnetic resonance imaging and electromyography as indexes of muscle function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Gregory R.; Duvoisin, Marc R.; Dudley, Gary A.

    1992-01-01

    A hypothesis is tested that exercise-induced magnetic resonance (MR) contrast shifts would relate to electromyography (EMG) amplitude if both measures reflect muscle use during exercise. Both magnetic resonance images (MRI) and EMG data were obtained for separate eccentric (ECC) and cocentric (CON) exercise of increasing intensity for seven subjects 30-32 yr old. CON and ECC actions caused increased integrated EMG (IEMG) and T2 values which were strongly related with relative resistance. The rate of increase and absolute value of both T2 and IEMG were found to be greater for CON than for ECC actions. For both actions IEMG and T2 were correlated. Data obtained suggest that surface IEMG accurately reflects the contractile behavior of muscle and exercise-induced increases in MRI T2 values reflect certain processes that scale with muscle use.

  2. Fluctuations of indicator and index microbes as indication of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-07-04

    Jul 4, 2013 ... 2Centre for Statistical Consultation, Department of Statistics and Actuarial Sciences, University of Stellenbosch,. Private Bag X1 .... (Plank-0) was selected about 5 km upstream from the Plank-1 ...... illness and death in the United States. ... ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Nebraska.

  3. ABSTRACTS WELDEL PIPE AND TUBE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    ABSTRACTS WELDEL PIPE AND TUBE Vol.24 No.3 May.2001 Huang Jingan(1) Strengthen, Intercourse, Coordination and Promote the Development Together Liang Aiyu(11) The Production and the Development of the Water supply pipe for City Construction From the aspects of the quality, appearance, environment protection, economic analysis etc., This article evaluates the galvanized pipe, plastic steel complex pipe, plastic aluminum pipe, stainless pipe for city water supply. In accordance with the requirements of the city construction programming and development, it is considered that the plastic aluminum pipe and plastic steel pipe instead of galvanization pipe is the trend of the development. The author also gives some constructive proposals for reference. Subject Terms:galvanized pipe complex pipe stainless pipe city water supply evaluation Zhao Rongbin,Li Guangjun(14) The TIG welding of Protected Tantalum-pipe for sheathed thermocouples used in corrosive environment The protected Tantalum-pipe welding of sheathed therocouples was investigated by TIG. The welding process and its key parameters were introduced. Welding quality influenced by processing was discussed. Subject Terms:welding protected Tantalum-pipe corrosion He Defu et al(18) Design and Research for An Automatic MIG Welding Machine of Catalyst Converter of Automobile Two different schemes for automatic MIG welding of catalyst converter of automobile have been compared and analysed. A design of automatic MIG welding machine used for catalyst converter of automobile has been suggested in this paper. Subject Terms:environmental protection automobile tri-catalyst converter MIG welding automatic welding PLC Fang Chucai(24) Cold Crack Analysis of Low Alloy High Strength Steel Weld Seam Heat Affected Area During the welding of low alloy high strength (X65 and above), the fine crack occurs in the weld (especially inner weld) and the low plastic hard brickle structure occurs in the Heat Affected Area (HAZ) sometime. This

  4. Literature, Literary Response, and the Teaching of Literature: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1983 (Vol. 44 Nos. 1 through 6).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information on recent doctoral dissertations. The 29 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) science fiction in elementary school science education; (2) the portrayal of black characters in children's literature; (3) UFOs and their correlates as a…

  5. Existence of a current price as a precondition for abstract method for calculating damages in international and Serbian sales law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fišer-Šobot Sandra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available If the contract is avoided and there is a current price for the goods, the party claiming damages may recover the difference between the price fixed by the contract and the current price at specific time and at specific place. Abstract calculation of loss is possible only when the contract goods have current price. Current price is the price generally charged for such goods sold under comparable circumstances in the trade concerned. According to the CISG and Serbian Law of Obligations, for the determination of the current price is relevant time of avoidance. This general rule is not applicable in international sales law when the party claiming damages has avoided the contract after taking over the goods. In that case, the current price at the time of taking over shall be applicable instead of the current price at the time of avoidance. Current price rule contained in the Art. 76(2 of the CISG presupposes that the current price is the price prevailing at the place where the delivery of the goods should have been made, or if there is no current price at the place, the price at such other place as serves as a reasonable substitute, making due allowance for differences in the cost of transporting the goods. Pursuant to Art. 524(2 Of Serbian Law of Obligations, however, relevant is the price in the market of the place of effecting the transaction. Formulation place of effecting the transaction is unclear and vague and can create different problems. Therefore, this rule should be amended and the relevant place should be the place of delivery.

  6. Journal Coverage by the Major Chemical Title and Abstract Publications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiehlmann, Eberhard

    1972-01-01

    The journal coverage provided by Chemical Titles,'' Current Contents,'' Science Citation Index,'' Chemischer Informationsdienst,'' and Index Chemicus'' is discussed and compared with the CASSI list of the thousand primary journals most frequently cited by Chemical Abstracts.'' (10 references) (Author/NH)

  7. Tracking topic birth and death in LDA.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, Andrew T.; Robinson, David Gerald

    2011-09-01

    Most topic modeling algorithms that address the evolution of documents over time use the same number of topics at all times. This obscures the common occurrence in the data where new subjects arise and old ones diminish or disappear entirely. We propose an algorithm to model the birth and death of topics within an LDA-like framework. The user selects an initial number of topics, after which new topics are created and retired without further supervision. Our approach also accommodates many of the acceleration and parallelization schemes developed in recent years for standard LDA. In recent years, topic modeling algorithms such as latent semantic analysis (LSA)[17], latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA)[10] and their descendants have offered a powerful way to explore and interrogate corpora far too large for any human to grasp without assistance. Using such algorithms we are able to search for similar documents, model and track the volume of topics over time, search for correlated topics or model them with a hierarchy. Most of these algorithms are intended for use with static corpora where the number of documents and the size of the vocabulary are known in advance. Moreover, almost all current topic modeling algorithms fix the number of topics as one of the input parameters and keep it fixed across the entire corpus. While this is appropriate for static corpora, it becomes a serious handicap when analyzing time-varying data sets where topics come and go as a matter of course. This is doubly true for online algorithms that may not have the option of revising earlier results in light of new data. To be sure, these algorithms will account for changing data one way or another, but without the ability to adapt to structural changes such as entirely new topics they may do so in counterintuitive ways.

  8. Erythromycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Topical

    Science.gov (United States)

    The combination of erythromycin and benzoyl peroxide is used to treat acne. Erythromycin and benzoyl peroxide are in a class of medications called topical antibiotics. The combination of erythromycin ...

  9. Clindamycin and Benzoyl Peroxide Topical

    Science.gov (United States)

    The combination of clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide is used to treat acne. Clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide are in a class of medications called topical antibiotics. The combination of clindamycin ...

  10. Safety and Health Topics: Asbestos

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Videos E-Tools Safety and Health Topics / Asbestos Asbestos This page requires that javascript be enabled for ... Hazards and Toxic Substances Hazardous Waste What is asbestos? Asbestos is the name given to a group ...

  11. Web mining for topics defined by complex and precise predicates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ching-Cheng; Sampathkumar, Sushma

    2004-04-01

    The enormous growth of the World Wide Web has made it important to perform resource discovery efficiently for any given topic. Several new techniques have been proposed in the recent years for this kind of topic specific web-mining, and among them a key new technique called focused crawling which is able to crawl topic-specific portions of the web without having to explore all pages. Most existing research on focused crawling considers a simple topic definition that typically consists of one or more keywords connected by an OR operator. However this kind of simple topic definition may result in too many irrelevant pages in which the same keyword appears in a wrong context. In this research we explore new strategies for crawling topic specific portions of the web using complex and precise predicates. A complex predicate will allow the user to precisely specify a topic using Boolean operators such as "AND", "OR" and "NOT". Our work will concentrate on defining a format to specify this kind of a complex topic definition and secondly on devising a crawl strategy to crawl the topic specific portions of the web defined by the complex predicate, efficiently and with minimal overhead. Our new crawl strategy will improve the performance of topic-specific web crawling by reducing the number of irrelevant pages crawled. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the above approach, we have built a complete focused crawler called "Eureka" with complex predicate support, and a search engine that indexes and supports end-user searches on the crawled pages.

  12. Linear and nonlinear refractive index of As-Se-Ge and Bi doped As-Se-Ge thin films

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Pankaj; Katyal, S. C.

    2010-06-01

    The present work reports the linear and nonlinear refractive index for (As2Se3)90Ge10 and [(As2Se3)90Ge10]95Bi5 thin films. The formulation proposed by Fournier and Snitzer has been used to predict the nonlinear behavior of refractive index. The linear refractive index and Wemple-DiDomenico parameters were used for the determination of nonlinear refractive index in the wavelength region 0.4 to 1.5 μm. Linear refractive index has been determined using the well known Swanepoel method. This is observed that nonlinear refractive index increases linearly with increasing linear refractive index. With Bi addition this has been found that nonlinear refractive index increases by 2.4 times, while on comparing with pure and doped silica glasses results are 2-3 orders higher. Density and molar volume has also been calculated. The obtained results may lead to yield more sensitive optical limiting devices and these glasses may be used as an optical material for high speed communication fibers.

  13. Library legislation and free access to information as new topics in library and information science education.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available An outline of LIS programs offered by the Department of Information Sciences, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Zagreb is given. Factors affecting the recent curriculum revision are described and the reasons for the introduction of a new course in library legislation and standards have been pointed out. The intention of the course has been to make students aware of the existence of international documents relevant to libraries and librarians and to show how the current trends are reflected in national legislation. It is hoped that the course might help students improve their understanding of the legal context surrounding libraries and other information institutions and teach them to appreciate the importance of good legislation.

  14. Nineteenth annual actinide separations conference: Conference program and abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bronson, M. [ed.

    1995-12-31

    This report contains the abstracts from the conference presentations. Sessions were divided into the following topics: Waste treatment; Spent fuel treatment; Issues and responses to Defense Nuclear Facility Safety Board 94-1; Pyrochemical technologies; Disposition technologies; and Aqueous separation technologies.

  15. Publicações indexadas geradas a partir de resumos de congressos de angiologia e cirurgia vascular no Brasil Indexed publications generated from abstracts of angiology and vascular surgery congresses in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winston Bonetti Yoshida

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Grande parte da produção científica apresentada em congressos não é publicada. Mesmo nos países do primeiro mundo, os números demonstram que essa perda é expressiva. OBJETIVO: Dimensionar o número de artigos publicados e indexados em bases de dados nacionais e internacionais, a partir dos títulos e autores de temas livres ou painéis dos congressos brasileiros de cirurgia vascular de 2001 e 2003. MÉTODOS: Foram pesquisados os 541 e 567 resumos apresentados, respectivamente, no XXXIV Congresso Brasileiro de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular, em 2001 e no XXXV Congresso de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular, em 2003. Foi realizada pesquisa computadorizada através dos seguintes instrumentos de busca: Scirus, Bireme, LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE-PubMed e Biblioteca Cochrane, Google Acadêmico e índices remissivos e onomásticos do Jornal Vascular Brasileiro. Os artigos foram classificados em internacionais ou nacionais e em completos ou modificados. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 21 (3,89% e 49 (8,64% artigos publicados, a partir dos congressos de 2001 e 2003, respectivamente. A média de publicação dos dois congressos foi de 6,32%. CONCLUSÕES: Os números revelados nessa amostra revelam o quanto a publicação das pesquisas no Brasil é relegada a segundo plano. Muitos trabalhos deixam de ser publicados pela falta de prioridade e tradição em escrever, falta de tempo, empenho e de incentivo.BACKGROUND: Great part of the scientific production presented in congresses is not published. Even in developed countries, figures show an expressive difference between presentations and publications. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the number of published and indexed articles, based on available national and international databases, searching for titles and authors of papers and panels from Brazilian vascular surgery congresses held in 2001 and 2003. METHODS: Searches were performed on the abstracts presented on the XXXIV Brazilian Congress of Angiology

  16. Balancing Constraints and the Sweet Spot as Coming Topics for Creativity Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Onarheim, Balder; Biskjaer, Michael Mose

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this chapter is the introduction of two new concepts, ‘balancing constraints’ and ‘the sweet spot of creativity’, as promising new paths for creativity research. This is motivated by the fact that creativity research shows a growing interest in the fundamental entwinement of constraints...... concretely, this means by hardening or softening the constraints at hand, resulting in a higher or lower level of constrainedness. Finally, we discuss how future studies can employ and inform these new concepts, which we see as potentially rich for cross-disciplinary creativity research focusing...

  17. Balancing Constraints and the Sweet Spot as Coming Topics for Creativity Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Onarheim, Balder; Biskjaer, Michael Mose

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this chapter is the introduction of two new concepts, ‘balancing constraints’ and ‘the sweet spot of creativity’, as promising new paths for creativity research. This is motivated by the fact that creativity research shows a growing interest in the fundamental entwinement of constraints...... concretely, this means by hardening or softening the constraints at hand, resulting in a higher or lower level of constrainedness. Finally, we discuss how future studies can employ and inform these new concepts, which we see as potentially rich for cross-disciplinary creativity research focusing...

  18. Strictness Analysis and Denotational Abstract Interpretation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Flemming

    1988-01-01

    there and this sufices to make the framework applicable to strictness analysis for the lambda-calculus. This shows the possibility of a general theory for the analysis of functional programs and it gives more insight into the relative precision of the various analyses. In particular it is shown that a collecting (static......A theory of abstract interpretation () is developed for a typed lambda-calculus. The typed lambda-calculus may be viewed as the ''static'' part of a two-level denotational metalanguage for which abstract interpretation was developed by ). The present development relaxes a condition imposed...

  19. Functional cohesion of gene sets determined by latent semantic indexing of PubMed abstracts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lijing Xu

    Full Text Available High-throughput genomic technologies enable researchers to identify genes that are co-regulated with respect to specific experimental conditions. Numerous statistical approaches have been developed to identify differentially expressed genes. Because each approach can produce distinct gene sets, it is difficult for biologists to determine which statistical approach yields biologically relevant gene sets and is appropriate for their study. To address this issue, we implemented Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI to determine the functional coherence of gene sets. An LSI model was built using over 1 million Medline abstracts for over 20,000 mouse and human genes annotated in Entrez Gene. The gene-to-gene LSI-derived similarities were used to calculate a literature cohesion p-value (LPv for a given gene set using a Fisher's exact test. We tested this method against genes in more than 6,000 functional pathways annotated in Gene Ontology (GO and found that approximately 75% of gene sets in GO biological process category and 90% of the gene sets in GO molecular function and cellular component categories were functionally cohesive (LPv<0.05. These results indicate that the LPv methodology is both robust and accurate. Application of this method to previously published microarray datasets demonstrated that LPv can be helpful in selecting the appropriate feature extraction methods. To enable real-time calculation of LPv for mouse or human gene sets, we developed a web tool called Gene-set Cohesion Analysis Tool (GCAT. GCAT can complement other gene set enrichment approaches by determining the overall functional cohesion of data sets, taking into account both explicit and implicit gene interactions reported in the biomedical literature.GCAT is freely available at http://binf1.memphis.edu/gcat.

  20. Synergetics introduction and advanced topics

    CERN Document Server

    Haken, Hermann

    2004-01-01

    This book is an often-requested reprint of two classic texts by H. Haken: "Synergetics. An Introduction" and "Advanced Synergetics". Synergetics, an interdisciplinary research program initiated by H. Haken in 1969, deals with the systematic and methodological approach to the rapidly growing field of complexity. Going well beyond qualitative analogies between complex systems in fields as diverse as physics, chemistry, biology, sociology and economics, Synergetics uses tools from theoretical physics and mathematics to construct an unifying framework within which quantitative descriptions of complex, self-organizing systems can be made. This may well explain the timelessness of H. Haken's original texts on this topic, which are now recognized as landmarks in the field of complex systems. They provide both the beginning graduate student and the seasoned researcher with solid knowledge of the basic concepts and mathematical tools. Moreover, they admirably convey the spirit of the pioneering work by the founder of ...

  1. Topical report on sources and systems for aquatic plant biomass as an energy resource

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldman, J.C.; Ryther, J.H.; Waaland, R.; Wilson, E.H.

    1977-10-21

    Background information is documented on the mass cultivation of aquatic plants and systems design that is available from the literature and through consultation with active research scientists and engineers. The biology of microalgae, macroalgae, and aquatic angiosperms is discussed in terms of morphology, life history, mode of existence, and ecological significance, as they relate to cultivation. The requirements for growth of these plants, which are outlined in the test, suggest that productivity rates are dependent primarily on the availability of light and nutrients. It is concluded that the systems should be run with an excess of nutrients and with light as the limiting factor. A historical review of the mass cultivation of aquatic plants describes the techniques used in commercial large-scale operations throughout the world and recent small-scale research efforts. This review presents information on the biomass yields that have been attained to date in various geographical locations with different plant species and culture conditions, emphasizing the contrast between high yields in small-scale operations and lower yields in large-scale operations.

  2. Studies on rheology and microbiological evaluation of hydrotropically gelled starch as topical vehicle for terbinafine hydrochloride

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rao Kovur

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study was aimed for the development and evaluation of hydrotropic starch gels of terbinafine hydrochloride which is an allylamine derivative of antifungal agent was formulated by using corn starch and sodium salicylate as hydrotropic salt. The gels were prepared in presence and absence of propylene glycol. The prepared gels were evaluated for in vitro drug release, rheological behavior and microbial studies. The degree of increase in the drug diffusion was found to be in order corn starch gel with propylene glycol was greater than corn starch gel without propylene glycol. The microbial studies were carried out in soya bean casein digest medium with Candida albicans as test organisms and were found to be 22.86 ± 0.58 and 20.22 ± 0.65 mm for TCSG (IV and TCS (III, respectively. All the gels exhibited shear thinning. The rheogram indicated that the gel systems are pseudoplastic and exhibited thixotropy. The added propylene glycol has not appreciably altered the apparent viscosity values.

  3. Abstracts--Citations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Occupational Mental Health, 1972

    1972-01-01

    Provides abstracts and citations of journal articles and reports dealing with aspects of mental health. Topics include absenteeism, alcoholism, drug abuse, leisure, disadvantaged, job satisfaction, and others. (SB)

  4. Ethosomes and liposomes as topical vehicles for azelaic acid: a preformulation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esposito, Elisabetta; Menegatti, Enea; Cortesi, Rita

    2004-01-01

    The basic properties and the in vitro release rate kinetics of azelaic acid (AA), alternatively vehiculated in different phospholipid-based vesicles such as ethosomes or liposomes, were investigated. Ethosomes were produced by a simple method based on addition of an aqueous phase to an ethanol solution (comprised between 20\\% and 45%, v/v) of soy phosphatidyl choline (5%, w/w) and AA (0.2%, w/w) under mechanical stirring. Liposomes were obtained by the same composition in the absence of ethanol with the reverse-phase evaporation method. Vesicle size was measured by photon correlation spectroscopy (PCS), evidencing smaller mean diameters and narrower dimensional distributions in the case of ethosomes with respect to liposomes. In order to obtain homogeneously sized vesicles, both ethosomal and liposomal dispersions were extruded through polycarbonate membranes with pores of calibrated diameter (400 nm and 200 nm). Vesicle morphology was characterized by freeze-fracture scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showing the presence of unilamellar vesicles both in liposome- and in ethosome-based dispersions. Free energy measurements of the vesicle bilayers were conducted by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). AA diffusion from ethosomal or liposomal dispersions and from ethosomes and liposomes incorporated in a viscous gel was investigated by a Franz cell assembled with synthetic membranes. The release rate was more rapid from ethosomal systems than from liposomal systems. In particular, ethosomes produced by the highest ethanol concentration released AA more rapidly, and the same trend was found using viscous forms.

  5. Topics in quantum foundations: Ontological models, and distinguishability as a resource

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Ryan

    This thesis covers research in two disjoint research areas: The ontological model program (formerly hidden-variables program) for quantum theory has a long and noble tradition in the quantum foundations literature. By postulating a physical reality beyond the quantum state, we gain intuition on quantum phenomena and also come to understand constraints on realist interpretations of quantum theory. Bell's theorem tells us that such an underlying reality must be non-local, while the Kochen-Specker contextuality theorem abuses the classical notion that measurement should simply reveal pre-existing properties of reality. Recent research programs suggest that it is beneficial to view the quantum state as representing purely information. We show that the only current model which does this in a satisfactory manner is unable to reproduce all the statistics of quantum measurements. A recent generalization of the notion of contextuality has allowed for proofs of contextuality which differ from the original Kochen-Specker notion. We add a new result which shows that measurements in a model where the quantum state represents information must be contextual. Additionally, we refine the generalized notion of contextuality into strong and weak forms in order to parse the relationship between new and old results. Entanglement resource theory is a highly successful investigation of the usefulness of entanglement for information processing tasks. In this thesis we apply the ideas from entanglement resource theory to another resource: state distinguishability. We show analogies between distinguishability resource theory and entanglement resource theory. In particular, the analogy includes: measures which are monotonic under a class of transformations; units of a resource; and bounds on measures in terms of the amount of the unit resource needed to form states and the amount of unit resource that can be extracted from states. We show that the pairs of states which can be reversibly

  6. Indexicality and spectatorship in digital media: waking life as hybrid digital artifact Indexicality and spectatorship in digital media: waking life as hybrid digital artifact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Marshall

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay explores changes in concepts of realism and spectatorship in the digital age. With digital technology, images no longer bear witness to reality in the same way envisioned by theorists such as Andre Bazin, and a new model of spectatorship must follow this loss of indexicality. The digital rotoscoping technique employed in Richard Linklater's /Waking Life/demonstrates this split between reality and image, in part by preserving the real beneath an entirely created artistic surface. This essay explores changes in concepts of realism and spectatorship in the digital age. With digital technology, images no longer bear witness to reality in the same way envisioned by theorists such as Andre Bazin, and a new model of spectatorship must follow this loss of indexicality. The digital rotoscoping technique employed in Richard Linklater's /Waking Life/demonstrates this split between reality and image, in part by preserving the real beneath an entirely created artistic surface.

  7. FORAMINIFERA AS BIOINDICATORS IN CORAL REEF ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING: THE FORAM INDEX. (R825869)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The perspectives, information and conclusions conveyed in research project abstracts, progress reports, final reports, journal abstracts and journal publications convey the viewpoints of the principal investigator and may not represent the views and policies of ORD and EPA. Concl...

  8. Foreign Patents′ Abstracts( 10 Topics)%国外专利文摘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ 带微波源的啤酒酿造设备 Lenz,A. and Herrmann, H. 德国申请专利:DE19852057A1.2000. 啤酒酿造设备包括≥1热利用区和1个加热器,在加热器里液体传热介质,特别是水被微波辐射加热,得到的热水贮存在贮热器中,从此处流往换热器,成为热加工生产液流. 华华译自FSTA.2000.32(9)

  9. Topicality as War News Value: A Pragma – Linguistic Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fareed Hameed Al-Hindawi

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses one of the criteria of war news values in printed media. The current study concerns itself with only Topicality as the target of scrutiny. It explores this value through the application of a model of analysis based on a pragma-linguistic approach. The analysis is intended to achieve the following aims: first, bringing topicality as one criterion of news values to the attention of pragmatists; second, introducing an analytical framework which is hoped to be useful for pragmatists to analyze news values, and to be available in their hands for further development. This framework aims at explicitly revealing the linguistic as well as the pragmatic properties of the war news texts as far as topicality is concerned. In relation to the aims of the study and owing to the fact that people are eager to understand what is going on, it is hypothesized that topicality comes into viewable interaction between grammar and pragmatics. The findings of the data analysis indicate how topicality is transferred to the receiver of the message and how it shapes news reporting.

  10. Topical cyclosporin as an alternative treatment for vision threatening blepharokeratoconjunctivitis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail AS

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abdul-Salim Ismail,1,2 Rohana Taharin,2 Zunaina Embong11Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Pulau Pinang, Jalan Resindensi, Pulau Pinang, MalaysiaAbstract: Here, a case of vision threatening blepharokeratoconjunctivitis that responded well to topical cyclosporin is reported. A 9-year-old Malay girl with a history of bilateral blepharokeratoconjunctivitis was regularly treated with lid scrubbing using diluted baby shampoo, fusidic acid gel, and topical steroids as well as an intermittent course of oral doxycycline for the past year. She developed acute onset bilateral eye redness associated with poor vision in her right eye. Both eyes showed marked diffuse hyperemic conjunctiva with corneal vascularization. The presence of corneal vascularization obscured the visual axis in the right eye. The condition did not improve with regular intensive lid hygiene using diluted baby shampoo, fusidic acid gel, and topical steroids. She was started on topical cyclosporin A 0.5% every 6 hours. There was a dramatic regression of corneal vascularization after 3 days on topical cyclosporin, with marked improvement in visual acuity. This is a single case in which cyclosporin improved the status of the ocular surface. A large cohort study is required to justify its effectiveness in treating blepharokeratoconjunctivitis and to test its potential as an alternative immunosuppressive agent in comparison to conventional corticosteroids.Keywords: blepharokeratoconjunctivitis, cyclosporin

  11. TXA497 as a topical antibacterial agent: comparative antistaphylococcal, skin deposition, and skin permeation studies with mupirocin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorrani, Mania; Kaul, Malvika; Parhi, Ajit; LaVoie, Edmond J; Pilch, Daniel S; Michniak-Kohn, Bozena

    2014-12-10

    TXA497 is representative of a new class of guanidinomethyl biaryl compounds that exhibit potent bactericidal behavior against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). In this study, we compared the anti-staphylococcal, skin deposition, and skin permeation properties of TXA497 and the topical anti-MRSA antibiotic mupirocin. The results of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assays revealed that TXA497 retains potent activity against MRSA that is highly resistant to mupirocin. Using Franz diffusion cells, compound deposition into human cadaver skin was evaluated, and the results showed the skin deposition of TXA497 to be significantly greater than that of mupirocin. Moreover, unlike mupirocin, TXA497 does not pass through the entire skin layer, suggesting a minimal potential for the systemic absorption of the compound upon topical administration. Additionally, antibacterial concentrations of TXA497 showed no significant toxicity to primary human keratinocytes. Given the rising levels of mupirocin resistance among MRSA populations, our results are significant in that they highlight TXA497 as a potentially useful alternative therapy for treating MRSA skin infections that are resistant to mupirocin.

  12. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts,sponsored by the Documentation and Information Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Optical Information Network of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,is one of the series of science and technology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts started a quarterly publication in 1985,

  13. Acmella oleracea and Achyrocline satureioides as Sources of Natural Products in Topical Wound Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lais Thiemi Yamane

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian forests have one of the world’s biggest biodiversities. Achyrocline satureioides (macela and Acmella oleracea (jambu are native species from Brazil with a huge therapeutic potential, with proved anti-inflammatory and anesthetic action, respectively. The jambu’s crude extract after depigmentation with activated charcoal and macela’s essential oil were incorporated in a film made with hydroxyethyl cellulose. Those films were evaluated by mechanical test using a texturometer and anti-inflammatory and anesthetic activities by in vivo tests: wound healing and antinociceptive. The film containing the highest concentration of depigmented jambu’s extract and macela’s essential oil obtained an anesthesia time of 83.6 (±28.5 min longer when compared with the positive control EMLA®; the same occurred with the wound healing test; the film containing the highest concentration had a higher wound contraction (62.0%±12.1 compared to the positive control allantoin and the histopathological analysis demonstrated that it increases collagen synthesis and epidermal thickening. The results demonstrate that the films have a potential use in skin wounds, pressure sore, and infected surgical wounds treatment.

  14. Acmella oleracea and Achyrocline satureioides as Sources of Natural Products in Topical Wound Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamane, Lais Thiemi; de Paula, Eneida; Jorge, Michelle Pedroza; de Freitas-Blanco, Verônica Santana; Junior, Ílio Montanari; Figueira, Glyn Mara; Anholeto, Luís Adriano; de Oliveira, Patricia Rosa

    2016-01-01

    The Brazilian forests have one of the world's biggest biodiversities. Achyrocline satureioides (macela) and Acmella oleracea (jambu) are native species from Brazil with a huge therapeutic potential, with proved anti-inflammatory and anesthetic action, respectively. The jambu's crude extract after depigmentation with activated charcoal and macela's essential oil were incorporated in a film made with hydroxyethyl cellulose. Those films were evaluated by mechanical test using a texturometer and anti-inflammatory and anesthetic activities by in vivo tests: wound healing and antinociceptive. The film containing the highest concentration of depigmented jambu's extract and macela's essential oil obtained an anesthesia time of 83.6 (±28.5) min longer when compared with the positive control EMLA®; the same occurred with the wound healing test; the film containing the highest concentration had a higher wound contraction (62.0% ± 12.1) compared to the positive control allantoin and the histopathological analysis demonstrated that it increases collagen synthesis and epidermal thickening. The results demonstrate that the films have a potential use in skin wounds, pressure sore, and infected surgical wounds treatment. PMID:27777596

  15. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts,sponsored by the Documentation andInformation Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Optical Information Networkof the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanicsand Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,is one of the series of science andtechnology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts started a quarterly publication in 1985,

  16. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts,sponsored by the Documentation andInformation Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Optical Information Networkof the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanicsand Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,is one of the series of science andtechnology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy ofSciences.The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts started a quarterly publication in 1985,

  17. Greenbook Abstract and Catalog--1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coole, Walter A.; Reitan, Henry M.

    This catalog is intended to be issued periodically as a means of extending and updating teaching materials which have been previously published through ERIC by these authors. The materials include the Alpha and Gamma levels of the "Greenbook System," pre-professional and entry in-service professional levels of an integrated sequence of…

  18. Superficial keratectomy and topical mitomycin C as therapy for a corneal squamous cell carcinoma in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karasawa, K; Matsuda, H; Tanaka, A

    2008-04-01

    A 10-year-old female West Highland white terrier was presented with refractory hyperplastic keratitis of the left cornea of one month's duration. At this time, a vascularised and rough lesion 5 mm in diameter was observed on the left cornea. No other abnormality was recognised on the affected eye. The corneal neoplasm was surgically removed and histologically diagnosed as a squamous cell carcinoma. For two months after the surgery, 0.04 percent mitomycin C (MMC) eye drops were applied as adjuvant chemotherapy. Primary corneal squamous cell carcinoma with no history of keratoconjunctivitis sicca is rare in dogs. In the present report, surgical removal of the neoplasm was combined with the topical administration of the anticancer drug mitomycin C and a good prognosis was obtained. The result indicates that the combination treatment used in this case may be an appropriate therapeutic choice for corneal squamous cell carcinoma in dogs.

  19. Pentyl Gallate Nanoemulsions as Potential Topical Treatment of Herpes Labialis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelmann, Regina G; Colombo, Mariana; De Araújo Lopes, Sávia Caldeira; Nunes, Ricardo J; Pistore, Morgana; Dall Agnol, Daniele; Rigotto, Caroline; Silva, Izabella Thais; Roman, Silvane S; Teixeira, Helder F; Oliveira Simões, Cláudia M; Koester, Letícia S

    2016-07-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated the antiherpes activity of pentyl gallate (PG), suggesting that it could be a promising candidate for the topical treatment of human herpes labialis. PG low aqueous solubility represents a major drawback to its incorporation in topical dosage forms. Hence, the feasibility of incorporating PG into nanoemulsions, the ability to penetrate the skin, to inhibit herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 replication, and to cause dermal sensitization or toxicity were evaluated. Oil/water nanoemulsions containing 0.5% PG were prepared by spontaneous emulsification. The in vitro PG distribution into porcine ear skin after topical application of nanoemulsions was assessed, and the in vitro antiviral activity against HSV-1 replication was evaluated. Acute dermal toxicity and risk of dermal sensitization were evaluated in rat model. Nanoemulsions presented nanometric particle size (from 124.8 to 143.7 nm), high zeta potential (from -50.1 to -66.1 mV), loading efficiency above 99%, and adequate stability during 12 months. All formulations presented anti-HSV-1 activity. PG was able to reach deeper into the dermis more efficiently from the nanoemulsion F4. This formulation as well as PG were considered safe for topical use. Nanoemulsions seem to be a safe and effective approach for topically delivering PG in the treatment of human herpes labialis infection.

  20. Assessment of reporting quality of conference abstracts in sports injury prevention according to CONSORT and STROBE criteria and their subsequent publication rate as full papers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoon Uzung

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The preliminary results of a study are usually presented as an abstract in conference meetings. The reporting quality of those abstracts and the relationship between their study designs and full paper publication rate is unknown. We hypothesized that randomized controlled trials are more likely to be published as full papers than observational studies. Methods 154 oral abstracts presented at the World Congress of Sports Injury Prevention 2005 Oslo and the corresponding full paper publication were identified and analysed. The main outcome measures were frequency of publication, time to publication, impact factor, CONSORT (for Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials score, STROBE (for Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology score, and minor and major inconsistencies between the abstract and the full paper publication. Results Overall, 76 of the 154 (49% presented abstracts were published as full papers in a peer-reviewed journal with an impact factor of 1.946 ± 0.812. No significant difference existed between the impact factor for randomized controlled trials (2.122 ± 1.015 and observational studies (1.913 ± 0.765, p = 0.469. The full papers for the randomized controlled trials were published after an average (SD of 17 months (± 13 months; for observational studies, the average (SD was 12 months (± 14 months (p = 0.323. A trend was observed in this study that a higher percentage of randomized controlled trial abstracts were published as full papers (71% vs. 47%, p = 0.078 than observational trials. The reporting quality of abstracts, published as full papers, significantly increased compared to conference abstracts both in randomized control studies (CONSORT: 5.7 ± 0.7 to 7.2 ± 1.3; p = 0.018, CI -2.7 to -0.32 and in observational studies (STROBE: 8.2 ± 1.3 to 8.6 ± 1.4; p = 0.007, CI -0.63 to -0.10. All of the published abstracts had at least one minor inconsistency (title, authors

  1. SERS internship Spring 1995 abstracts and research papers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, B.

    1995-11-01

    Presented topics varied over many fields in science and engineering. Botany on grasses in California, real time face recognition technology, thermogravimetric studies on corrosion and finite element modeling of the human pelvis are examples of discussed subjects. Further fields of study are carcinogenics, waste management, radar imaging, automobile accessories, document searching on the internet, and shooting stars. Individual papers are indexed separately on EDB.

  2. Internship Abstract and Final Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandor, Edward

    2016-01-01

    The primary objective for this internship is the evaluation of an embedded natural language processor (NLP) as a way to introduce voice control into future space suits. An embedded natural language processor would provide an astronaut hands-free control for making adjustments to the environment of the space suit and checking status of consumables procedures and navigation. Additionally, the use of an embedded NLP could potentially reduce crew fatigue, increase the crewmember's situational awareness during extravehicular activity (EVA) and improve the ability to focus on mission critical details. The use of an embedded NLP may be valuable for other human spaceflight applications desiring hands-free control as well. An embedded NLP is unique because it is a small device that performs language tasks, including speech recognition, which normally require powerful processors. The dedicated device could perform speech recognition locally with a smaller form-factor and lower power consumption than traditional methods.

  3. Research in Image Indexing and Retrieval as Reflected in the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Heting

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of research in image indexing and retrieval focuses on a study that analyzed citations and documents relevant to image indexing and retrieval obtained from the SCI (Science Citation Index) and SSCI (Social Science Citation Index). Results confirmed that there exist two distinctive research groups, employing the content-based and…

  4. Visceral Pedagogy: Teaching Challenging Topics Emotionally as Well as Cognitively

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Joseph; Widen, Holly

    2017-01-01

    This article explores the pedagogical implications of students' embodied and emotional reactions to difficult course material inside and outside of the classroom. Scholarship on teaching typically focuses on dimensions of students' cognitive engagement and development, yet geographical coursework often involves emotionally fraught topics:…

  5. Software abstractions logic, language, and analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Jackson, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    In Software Abstractions Daniel Jackson introduces an approach to software design that draws on traditional formal methods but exploits automated tools to find flaws as early as possible. This approach--which Jackson calls "lightweight formal methods" or "agile modeling"--takes from formal specification the idea of a precise and expressive notation based on a tiny core of simple and robust concepts but replaces conventional analysis based on theorem proving with a fully automated analysis that gives designers immediate feedback. Jackson has developed Alloy, a language that captures the essence of software abstractions simply and succinctly, using a minimal toolkit of mathematical notions. This revised edition updates the text, examples, and appendixes to be fully compatible with the latest version of Alloy (Alloy 4). The designer can use automated analysis not only to correct errors but also to make models that are more precise and elegant. This approach, Jackson says, can rescue designers from "the tarpit of...

  6. Histatin 5-spermidine conjugates have enhanced fungicidal activity and efficacy as a topical therapeutic for oral candidiasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tati, Swetha; Li, Rui; Puri, Sumant; Kumar, Rohitashw; Davidow, Peter; Edgerton, Mira

    2014-01-01

    Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) is caused by the opportunistic fungi Candida albicans and is prevalent in immunocompromised patients, individuals with dry mouth, or patients with prolonged antibiotic therapies that reduce oral commensal bacteria. Human salivary histatins, including histatin 5 (Hst 5), are small cationic proteins that are the major source of fungicidal activity of saliva. However, Hsts are rapidly degraded in vivo, limiting their usefulness as therapeutic agents despite their lack of toxicity. We constructed a conjugate peptide using spermidine (Spd) linked to the active fragment of Hst 5 (Hst 54-15), based upon our findings that C. albicans spermidine transporters are required for Hst 5 uptake and fungicidal activity. We found that Hst 54-15-Spd was significantly more effective in killing C. albicans and Candida glabrata than Hst 5 alone in both planktonic and biofilm growth and that Hst 54-15-Spd retained high activity in both serum and saliva. Hst 54-15-Spd was not bactericidal against streptococcal oral commensal bacteria and had no hemolytic activity. We tested the effectiveness of Hst 54-15-Spd in vivo by topical application to tongue surfaces of immunocompromised mice with OPC. Mice treated with Hst 54-15-Spd had significant clearance of candidal tongue lesions macroscopically, which was confirmed by a 3- to 5-log fold reduction of C. albicans colonies recovered from tongue tissues. Hst 54-15-Spd conjugates are a new class of peptide-based drugs with high selectivity for fungi and potential as topical therapeutic agents for oral candidiasis.

  7. 2016 Oncology Nursing Society Annual Congress: Podium, E-Poster, and Poster Session Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum's review process. Only abstracts that will be presented appear online. Poster numbers are subject to change. For updated poster numbers, visit congress.ons.org or check the Congress guide. Data published in abstracts presented at ONS's Annual Congress are embargoed until the conclusion of the presentation. Coverage and/or distribution of an abstract, poster, or any of its supplemental material to or by the news media, any commercial entity, or individuals, including the authors of said abstract, is strictly prohibited until the embargo is lifted. Promotion of general topics and speakers is encouraged within these guidelines.

  8. Topical dexketoprofen as a cause of photocontact dermatitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Abad, R; Paniagua, Ma J; Botey, E; Gaig, P; Rodriguez, P; Richart, C

    2004-01-01

    We reported on the case of a patient who developed a cutaneous eruption in a photoexposed area 1 week after a continous topical treatment with dexketoprofen (Enangel). Photopatch tests were positive for dexketoprofen, ketoprofen and piketoprofen and patch test was positive for piketoprofen. Control photopatch testing with dexketoprofen in 15 healthy volunteers was negative. Dexketoprofen, ketoprofen and piketoprofen are non-steroidal anti-inflamatory drugs (arylpropionic acid derivatives) often used as topical anti-inflammatory agents. It appears that the benzophenone moiety of their chemical structure is the cause of their photosensitivity and cross-photoreaction.

  9. Engineering Abstractions in Model Checking and Testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Achenbach, Michael; Ostermann, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    Abstractions are used in model checking to tackle problems like state space explosion or modeling of IO. The application of these abstractions in real software development processes, however, lacks engineering support. This is one reason why model checking is not widely used in practice yet...... and testing is still state of the art in falsification. We show how user-defined abstractions can be integrated into a Java PathFinder setting with tools like AspectJ or Javassist and discuss implications of remaining weaknesses of these tools. We believe that a principled engineering approach to designing...... and implementing abstractions will improve the applicability of model checking in practice....

  10. Absence as Indexing Tool: Milingualism and Modernity in the Linguistic Landscape of Dalian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fengzhi Zhao

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies have displayed the indexing value of certain language practices in linguistic landscape. The present study is intended to further explore the multilingual use of language in the linguistic landscape of Dalian and examine the way this indexing process operates in the era of globalization. Following discourse-analytic approach, the collected data, pictures of linguistic landscapes are analysed separately by the top-down regulatory & infrastructural discourse and bottom-up commercial discourse, during which the informational and symbolic value of bilingual signs are discussed in the sense of saying, doing and being. The result shows the absence of local language-Chinese and the informational function assigned to foreign scripts in public text; this absence as a narrative strategy contributes to the indexicality to modernity as well as the establishment of the socially situated identity as global and prestigious in reader’s perceived space and hence achieves rescaling.

  11. Assessment of reporting quality of conference abstracts in sports injury prevention according to CONSORT and STROBE criteria and their subsequent publication rate as full papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Uzung; Knobloch, Karsten

    2012-04-11

    The preliminary results of a study are usually presented as an abstract in conference meetings. The reporting quality of those abstracts and the relationship between their study designs and full paper publication rate is unknown. We hypothesized that randomized controlled trials are more likely to be published as full papers than observational studies. 154 oral abstracts presented at the World Congress of Sports Injury Prevention 2005 Oslo and the corresponding full paper publication were identified and analysed. The main outcome measures were frequency of publication, time to publication, impact factor, CONSORT (for Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) score, STROBE (for Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) score, and minor and major inconsistencies between the abstract and the full paper publication. Overall, 76 of the 154 (49%) presented abstracts were published as full papers in a peer-reviewed journal with an impact factor of 1.946 ± 0.812. No significant difference existed between the impact factor for randomized controlled trials (2.122 ± 1.015) and observational studies (1.913 ± 0.765, p = 0.469). The full papers for the randomized controlled trials were published after an average (SD) of 17 months (± 13 months); for observational studies, the average (SD) was 12 months (± 14 months) (p = 0.323). A trend was observed in this study that a higher percentage of randomized controlled trial abstracts were published as full papers (71% vs. 47%, p = 0.078) than observational trials. The reporting quality of abstracts, published as full papers, significantly increased compared to conference abstracts both in randomized control studies ( 5.7 ± 0.7 to 7.2 ± 1.3; p = 0.018, CI -2.7 to -0.32) and in observational studies (STROBE: 8.2 ± 1.3 to 8.6 ± 1.4; p = 0.007, CI -0.63 to -0.10). All of the published abstracts had at least one minor inconsistency (title, authors, research center, outcome presentation, conclusion

  12. Strictness Analysis and Denotational Abstract Interpretation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Flemming

    1988-01-01

    A theory of abstract interpretation () is developed for a typed lambda-calculus. The typed lambda-calculus may be viewed as the ''static'' part of a two-level denotational metalanguage for which abstract interpretation was developed by ). The present development relaxes a condition imposed...

  13. Aqueous ammonium thiocyanate solutions as refractive index-matching fluids with low density and viscosity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Benjamin C.; Borrero-Echeverry, Daniel

    2015-11-01

    Index-matching fluids play an important role in many fluid dynamics experiments, particularly those involving particle tracking, as they can be used to minimize errors due to distortion from the refraction of light across interfaces of the apparatus. Common index-matching fluids, such as sodium iodide solutions or mineral oils, often have densities or viscosities very different from those of water. This can make them undesirable for use as a working fluid when using commercially available tracer particles or at high Reynolds numbers. A solution of ammonium thiocyanate (NH4SCN) can be used for index-matching common materials such as borosilicate glass and acrylic, and has material properties similar to those of water (ν ~ 1 . 6 cSt and ρ ~ 1 . 1 g/cc). We present an empirical model for predicting the refractive index of aqueous NH4SCN solutions as a function of temperature and NH4SCN concentration that allows experimenters to develop refractive index matching solutions for various common materials. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (CBET-0853691) and by the James Borders Physics Student Fellowship at Reed College.

  14. Design and Implementation of On-Line Hot Topic Discovery Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Internet has become a major medium for information transmission, how to detect hot topic on web, track the event development and forecast emergency is important to many fields, particularly to some government departments. On the basis of the researches in the field of topic detection and tracking, we propose a model for hot topic discovery that will pick out hot topics by automatically detecting, clustering and weighting topics on the websites within a time period. Based on the idea of stock index, we also introduce a topic index approach in following the growth of topics, which is useful to analyze and forecast the development of topics on web.

  15. Dependability of results in conference abstracts of randomized controlled trials in ophthalmology and author financial conflicts of interest as a factor associated with full publication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saldanha, Ian J; Scherer, Roberta W; Rodriguez-Barraquer, Isabel; Jampel, Henry D; Dickersin, Kay

    2016-04-26

    Discrepancies between information in conference abstracts and full publications describing the same randomized controlled trial have been reported. The association between author conflicts of interest and the publication of randomized controlled trials is unclear. The objective of this study was to use randomized controlled trials in ophthalmology to evaluate (1) the agreement in the reported main outcome results by comparing abstracts and corresponding publications and (2) the association between the author conflicts of interest and publication of the results presented in the abstracts. We considered abstracts describing results of randomized controlled trials presented at the 2001-2004 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology conferences as eligible for our study. Through electronic searching and by emailing abstract authors, we identified the earliest publication (journal article) containing results of each abstract's main outcome through November 2013. We categorized the discordance between the main outcome results in the abstract and its paired publication as qualitative (a difference in the direction of the estimated effect) or as quantitative. We used the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology categories for conflicts of interest: financial interest, employee of business with interest, consultant to business with interest, inventor/developer with patent, and receiving ≥ 1 gift from industry in the past year. We calculated the relative risks (RRs) of publication associated with the categories of conflicts of interest for abstracts with results that were statistically significant, not statistically significant, or not reported. We included 513 abstracts, 230 (44.8 %) of which reached publication. Among the 86 pairs with the same main outcome domain at the same time point, 47 pairs (54.7 %) had discordant results: qualitative discordance in 7 pairs and quantitative discordance in 40 pairs. Quantitative discordance was indicated

  16. Probabilistic analysis and related topics

    CERN Document Server

    Bharucha-Reid, A T

    1983-01-01

    Probabilistic Analysis and Related Topics, Volume 3 focuses on the continuity, integrability, and differentiability of random functions, including operator theory, measure theory, and functional and numerical analysis. The selection first offers information on the qualitative theory of stochastic systems and Langevin equations with multiplicative noise. Discussions focus on phase-space evolution via direct integration, phase-space evolution, linear and nonlinear systems, linearization, and generalizations. The text then ponders on the stability theory of stochastic difference systems and Marko

  17. Stochastic Analysis and Related Topics

    CERN Document Server

    Ustunel, Ali

    1988-01-01

    The Silvri Workshop was divided into a short summer school and a working conference, producing lectures and research papers on recent developments in stochastic analysis on Wiener space. The topics treated in the lectures relate to the Malliavin calculus, the Skorohod integral and nonlinear functionals of white noise. Most of the research papers are applications of these subjects. This volume addresses researchers and graduate students in stochastic processes and theoretical physics.

  18. Spaces of orderings and abstract real spectra

    CERN Document Server

    Marshall, Murray A

    1996-01-01

    This book is of interest to students as well as experts in the area of real algebraic geometry, quadratic forms, orderings, valuations, lattice ordered groups and rings, and in model theory. The original motivation comes from orderings on fields and commutative rings. This is explained as is the important application to minimal generation of semi-algebraic sets. Many results in the new theory of abstract real spectra (also called spaces of signs) appear here for the first time. The reader needs elementary knowledge of commutative rings, ordered fields and real closed fields and valuations.

  19. Developing Creativity and Abstraction in Representing Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    South, Andy

    2012-01-01

    Creating charts and graphs is all about visual abstraction: the process of representing aspects of data with imagery that can be interpreted by the reader. Children may need help making the link between the "real" and the image. This abstraction can be achieved using symbols, size, colour and position. Where the representation is close to what…

  20. An empirical and theoretical critique of the Euclidean index

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jens Peter

    2017-01-01

    The recently proposed Euclidean index offers a novel approach to measure the citation impact of academic authors, in particular as an alternative to the h-index. We test if the index provides new, robust information, not covered by existing bibliometric indicators, discuss the measurement scale...... and the degree of distinction between analytical units the index offers. We find that the Euclidean index does not outperform existing indicators on these topics and that the main application of the index would be solely for ranking, which is not seen as a recommended practice....

  1. Apheresis research-more abstracts should be published as full manuscripts to provide more evidence for clinical practice guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Huy P; Jiang, Ning; Pan, Zhi; Williams, Lance A; Marques, Marisa B

    2016-08-01

    High-quality evidence to support clinical practice is lacking in apheresis medicine compared to other therapeutic modalities. A potential source of evidence comes from the abstracts submitted to the Annual Meetings of the American Society for Apheresis (ASFA). Therefore, the goal of this study is to determine the proportion of abstracts from the 2005 to 2012 ASFA Annual Meetings that subsequently became PubMed-indexed publications. Furthermore, we sought to determine the factor(s) that were associated with the likelihood of abstracts to be published as full manuscripts. During the 8-year study period, 684 abstracts were available for analysis (median: 82/year, range: 64-118). Most abstracts (74%) were from US institutions, and 67% of first authors were affiliated with academic centers. There were more abstracts (64%) on therapeutic versus donor apheresis (20%) and cellular therapy (16%). Overall, 16% of the abstracts have been published in PubMed-indexed journals, with a median time of 17 months from the ASFA Annual Meeting (range: 1-96 months). Abstracts whose first authors were affiliated with academic institutions were 3.14 times more likely to have been published than abstracts with ones affiliated with an apheresis organization and/or a community hospital. However, neither the first author's location nor the type of apheresis procedure significantly affected the publication rate after adjusting for other covariates. In conclusion, the rate of publication is low and authors should be encouraged to follow their presentations at the meeting with peer-reviewed manuscripts. This change is essential to provide more published evidence for future apheresis practice guidelines. J. Clin. Apheresis 31:353-358, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. Greenbook Abstract and Catalog--2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coole, Walter A.

    This catalog is the second in a series extending and updating teaching materials previously disseminated through the ERIC system, including the "Greenbook System" of training materials for higher education professionals (ED 103 083 and 084). Open Classroom Documentation, a procedural manual for an autoinstructional learning laboratory at…

  3. Greenbook Abstract and Catalog--3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coole, Walter A.

    This catalog is the third in a series extending and updating teaching materials previously disseminated through the ERIC system, including the "Greenbook System" of training materials for higher education professionals (ED 103 083 and 084), Open Classroom Documentation, a procedural manual for an autoinstructional learning laboratory at…

  4. International symposium on in vivo body composition studies: Program and abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-01-01

    This booklet contains the program and individual abstracts for papers presented at the International symposium on in vivo body composition studies. The presentations were divided into five sessions. Individual abstracts were indexed for the Energy Data Base. (DT)

  5. TABLE OF CONTENTS AND ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@0000 GENERAL 0320 Lie Symmetries and Conserved Quantities of First Order Lagrange Systems ……………Mei Feng-xiang, Shang Mei (1903) 0340K The Soliton Solutions for a Class of Nonlinear Coupled Equations……………… Liu Chun-ping (1908) 0365 Bose-Einstein Condersation of Neutral Atoms with Attractive Interaction in a Harmonic Trap . .. ……………Yan Ke-zhu, Tan Wei-han (1911) 0365 The Geometrical Picture of Mixed Entangled States…………………………………… Shi Ming- jun, Du Jiang-feng, Zhu Dong-pei, Ruan Tu-nan (1918) 0545 Observers for a Class of Chaotic Systems ………………………………Yang Xiao-song (1921) 0545 Nonlinear Feedback Following Control of Chaotic Systems………………… Wu Wei-gen, Gu Tian-xiang (1925) 0550 The Gradual Accelerating Traffic Flow Gellular Automaton Model in Which Only High Speed Car Can Be Delayed……………………… Wang Bing- hong, Wang Lei, Hui Pak-Ming, Hu Banbi (1932) 0785M Theoretical Investigation of X-ray Transmission Through A Cylinder Capillary……Chen Bao-zhen (1937) 2000 NUCLEAR PHYSICS 2575Q Electromagnetic Dissociation of 60 A GeV16O in Emulsion……Zhang Dong-hai, Sun Han-cheng (1946) 2841 Symmetries and Numerical Solution to the Multi- group Neutron Diffusion Equation …………Zhang Shao-hong, Xie Zhong-sheng (1952) 3000 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS 3130 Spin-Forbidden Transitions for Be-like Ions (Z=10-103)……………Yi You-gen, Wang Rong, Li Xiang-dong, Wang Hong-yan, Zhu Zheng-he (1958) 4000 CLASSICAL AREAS OF PHENOMEN- OLOGY

  6. Should We Try to Re-Construct the American Relative Sunspot Index (Ra)? (Abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, R.

    2016-06-01

    (Abstract only) The new correction of the international sunspot number (ISN), called the Sunspot Number Version 2.0, led by Frédéric Clette (Director of the World Data Centre [WDC]-SILSO), Ed Cliver (National Solar Observatory), and Leif Svalgaard (Stanford University), nullifies the claim that there has been a Modern Grand Maximum. This comes from the International Astronomical Union (IAU) press release, August 2015 (http://www.iau.org/news/pressreleases/detail/iau1508/).

  7. Algorithmic complexity as an index of cortical function in awake and pentobarbital-anesthetized rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, F Z; Chen, R F; Tsao, H W; Yen, C T

    1999-11-15

    This study introduces algorithmic complexity to measure characteristics of brain functions. The EEG of the rat was recorded with implanted electrodes. The normalized complexity value was relatively independent of data length, and it showed a simpler and easier calculation characteristic than other non-linear indexes. The complexity index revealed significant differences among awake, asleep, and anesthetized states. It may be useful in tracking short-term and long-term changes in brain functions, such as anesthetized depth, drug effects, or sleep-wakefulness.

  8. Assessment of home environments with a fungal index using hydrophilic and xerophilic fungi as biologic sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, K

    2012-06-01

      Previously, the author proposed a 'fungal index' that quantifies the capacity for fungal growth in a test environment where a device (fungal detector) encapsulating spores of a xerophilic sensor fungus Eurotium herbariorum was placed. It was also found that an extremely xerophilic fungus, Aspergillus penicillioides, was suitable as a sensor fungus at sites with lower relative humidity (RH). In this report, the hydrophilic fungus Alternaria alternata was added to sensor fungi for the determination of the index in extremely humid environments. Measurements of the index and observations of the formation of spores by the sensor fungi were made in stable climates in moisture chambers, under natural conditions in homes, and in bathrooms prepared in an artificial climate chamber. Higher index values and earlier sporulation were obtained at higher RH in stable climates. The hydrophilic Alt. alternata showed the greatest response at 100% and 97.3% RH, the moderately xerophilic Eur. herbariorum, at 94%, 84%, and 75% RH, and the extremely xerophilic Asp. penicillioides, at 71% RH. In homes, the hydrophilic fungus was most active in water-usage areas, and the xerophilic fungi were most active in non-water-usage areas. Sporulation was observed on sensor fungi in fungal detectors placed in rooms where the index exceeded 18 ru/week after one-month exposure. Sites where the index exceeded 18 ru/week were referred to as damp, where fungal contamination seems to be unavoidable. Evaluations of ventilation systems in bathrooms with extremely humid climates showed typical examples of a countermeasure to fungal contamination. The purpose of this study is to establish a fungal index applicable in home environments with extremely high to relatively low relative humidity climates. The sensor fungus that showed the greatest response in a fungal detector (a device encapsulating spores of sensor fungi) served as not only a quantitative but also a qualitative indicator of the environment

  9. A case of topical opioid-induced delirium mistaken as behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in demented state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Go; Kanemoto, Kousuke

    2013-06-01

    In Japan, indications for opioid analgesics, once exclusively used as pain killers for patients suffering from malignant cancer, have been expanded for a wide range of pain. Herein we report a patient with opioid-induced delirium associated with the administration of buprenorphine patches that was well below the indicated therapeutic range limit. An 82-year-old woman was referred to us from an orthopaedic practitioner for uncontrollable behavioural problems apparently caused by the beginning of dementia; the patient had gradually developed disorientation, visual hallucinations, and delusions. Laboratory and imaging findings excluded common causes of delirium including Alzheimer's disease and diffuse Lewy body disease. Detailed questioning revealed that the patient's confused state appeared following a buprenorphine patch dose increase and subsequently disappeared after administration was stopped. Delirium has not been reported as a side-effect in clinical trials of buprenorphine patches. However, our findings in this case show that even topical opioids can precipitate the development of a delirious state in elderly patients.

  10. Solid Lipid Nanoparticles Loaded with Retinoic Acid and Lauric Acid as an Alternative for Topical Treatment of Acne Vulgaris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Elton Luiz; Carneiro, Guilherme; De Araújo, Lidiane Advíncula; Trindade, Mariana de Jesus Vaz; Yoshida, Maria Irene; Oréfice, Rodrigo Lambert; Farias, Luis de Macêdo; De Carvalho, Maria Auxiliadora Roque; Dos Santos, Simone Gonçalves; Goulart, Gisele Assis Castro; Alves, Ricardo José; Ferreira, Lucas Antônio Miranda

    2015-01-01

    Topical therapy is the first choice for the treatment of mild to moderate acne and all-trans retinoic acid is one of the most used drugs. The combination of retinoids and antimicrobials is an innovative approach for acne therapy. Recently, lauric acid, a saturated fatty acid, has shown strong antimicrobial activity against Propionibacterium acnes. However, topical application of retinoic acid is followed by high incidence of side-effects, including erythema and irritation. Solid lipid nanoparticles represent an alternative to overcome these side-effects. This work aims to develop solid lipid nanoparticles loaded with retinoic acid and lauric acid and evaluate their antibacterial activity. The influence of lipophilic stearylamine on the characteristics of solid lipid nanoparticles was investigated. Solid lipid nanoparticles were characterized for size, zeta potential, encapsulation efficiency, differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray diffraction. The in vitro inhibitory activity of retinoic acid-lauric acid-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles was evaluated against Propionibacterium acnes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. High encapsulation efficiency was obtained at initial time (94 ± 7% and 100 ± 4% for retinoic acid and lauric acid, respectively) and it was demonstrated that lauric acid-loaded-solid lipid nanoparticles provided the incorporation of retinoic acid. However, the presence of stearylamine is necessary to ensure stability of encapsulation. Moreover, retinoic acid-lauric acid-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles showed growth inhibitory activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis, Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus aureus, representing an interesting alternative for the topical therapy of acne vulgaris.

  11. Abstraction in artificial intelligence and complex systems

    CERN Document Server

    Saitta, Lorenza

    2013-01-01

    Abstraction is a fundamental mechanism underlying both human and artificial perception, representation of knowledge, reasoning and learning. This mechanism plays a crucial role in many disciplines, notably Computer Programming, Natural and Artificial Vision, Complex Systems, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, Art, and Cognitive Sciences. This book first provides the reader with an overview of the notions of abstraction proposed in various disciplines by comparing both commonalities and differences.  After discussing the characterizing properties of abstraction, a formal model, the K

  12. Improved Bonferroni inequalities via abstract tubes inequalities and identities of inclusion-exclusion type

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    This introduction to the recent theory of abstract tubes describes the framework for establishing improved inclusion-exclusion identities and Bonferroni inequalities, which are provably at least as sharp as their classical counterparts while involving fewer terms. All necessary definitions from graph theory, lattice theory and topology are provided. The role of closure and kernel operators is emphasized, and examples are provided throughout to demonstrate the applicability of this new theory. Applications are given to system and network reliability, reliability covering problems and chromatic graph theory. Topics also covered include Zeilberger's abstract lace expansion, matroid polynomials and Möbius functions.

  13. The effect of topical virgin coconut oil on SCORAD index, transepidermal water loss, and skin capacitance in mild to moderate pediatric atopic dermatitis: a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evangelista, Mara Therese Padilla; Abad-Casintahan, Flordeliz; Lopez-Villafuerte, Lillian

    2014-01-01

    Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic skin disease characterized by defects in the epidermal barrier function and cutaneous inflammation, in which transepidermal water loss (TEWL) is increased and the ability of the stratum corneum to hold water is impaired, causing decreased skin capacitance and hydration. This study investigated the effects of topical virgin coconut oil (VCO) and mineral oil, respectively, on SCORAD (SCORing of Atopic Dermatitis) index values, TEWL, and skin capacitance in pediatric patients with mild to moderate AD, using a randomized controlled trial design in which participants and investigators were blinded to the treatments allocated. Patients were evaluated at baseline, and at 2, 4, and 8 weeks. A total of 117 patients were included in the analysis. Mean SCORAD indices decreased from baseline by 68.23% in the VCO group and by 38.13% in the mineral oil group (P oil group, 34% (20/58) of patients showed moderate improvement and 19% (11/58) achieved excellent improvement. The VCO group achieved a post-treatment mean TEWL of 7.09 from a baseline mean of 26.68, whereas the mineral oil group demonstrated baseline and post-treatment TEWL values of 24.12 and 13.55, respectively. In the VCO group, post-treatment skin capacitance rose to 42.3 from a baseline mean of 32.0, whereas that in the mineral oil group increased to 37.49 from a baseline mean of 31.31. Thus, among pediatric patients with mild to moderate AD, topical application of VCO for eight weeks was superior to that of mineral oil based on clinical (SCORAD) and instrumental (TEWL, skin capacitance) assessments.

  14. Index and Indexing Assessment: Criteria and Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan Ashrafi

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Indexing is one of the most important methods of content representation where by assigning descriptors to the documents, their subject content are made known. Since index and indexing are remarkably significant in information retrieval, its quality and evaluation and provision of criteria and standards had always been the mainstay of researchers in this field. Given the fact that Indexing is a complex process, offering definitions, principles and methods could be step towards optimal use of the information. The present study, while offering a capsule definition of index, will investigate the indexing evaluation criteria and would follow it up with a definition of indexing. Finally a number of standards in the field of indexing are presented and would make its conclusions.

  15. Fasting Triglycerides and Glucose Index as a Diagnostic Test for Insulin Resistance in Young Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero-Romero, Fernando; Villalobos-Molina, Rafael; Jiménez-Flores, J Rafael; Simental-Mendia, Luis E; Méndez-Cruz, René; Murguía-Romero, Miguel; Rodríguez-Morán, Martha

    2016-07-01

    Although the Glucose and Triglyceride levels (TyG) index is useful for identification of insulin resistance (IR) in different ethnic groups, it has not been evaluated in young adults. We undertook this study to evaluate the TyG index as a diagnostic test for IR in young adults. A total of 5,538 healthy young adults, 3,795 (68.5%) non-pregnant women and 1,743 (31.5%) men, with an average age of 19.2 ± 1.4 years, were enrolled in a population-based cross-sectional study. To estimate diagnostic characteristics of the TyG index, a randomized subsample of the target population (n = 75) was under euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp test. Using the cutoff values obtained in the clamp study, the diagnostic concordance between TyG index and HOMA-IR was evaluated in the overall population. The TyG index was calculated as the Ln[fasting triglycerides (mg/dL) × fasting glucose (mg/dL)]/2. Normal weight, overweight, and obesity were identified in 3,632 (65.6%), 1,355 (24.5%), and 551 (9.9%) participants. A total of 346 (9.1%) men and 278 (15.9%) women exhibited IR. The best cutoff value of TyG index for diagnosis of IR was 4.55 (sensitivity 0.687, negative predictive value (NPV) 0.844, and negative likelihood ratio (NLR) 0.47) for women and 4.68 (sensitivity 0.673, NPV 0.900, and NLR 0.45) for men. In normal-weight individuals the diagnostic concordance between TyG index and HOMA-IR was 0.934 and 0.915, in the overweight subjects was 0.908 and 0.895 and, in the obese participants 0.916 and 0.950, for men and women, respectively. TyG index may be useful for screening IR in young adults. Copyright © 2016 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Functional Correspondence between Evaluators and Abstract Machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ager, Mads Stig; Biernacki, Dariusz; Danvy, Olivier

    2003-01-01

    We bridge the gap between functional evaluators and abstract machines for the λ-calculus, using closure conversion, transformation into continuation-passing style, and defunctionalization.We illustrate this approach by deriving Krivine's abstract machine from an ordinary call-by-name evaluator...... and by deriving an ordinary call-by-value evaluator from Felleisen et al.'s CEK machine. The first derivation is strikingly simpler than what can be found in the literature. The second one is new. Together, they show that Krivine's abstract machine and the CEK machine correspond to the call-by-name and call......-by-value facets of an ordinary evaluator for the λ-calculus.We then reveal the denotational content of Hannan and Miller's CLS machine and of Landin's SECD machine. We formally compare the corresponding evaluators and we illustrate some degrees of freedom in the design spaces of evaluators and of abstract...

  17. ASIS '99 Knowledge: Creation, Organization and Use, Part II: SIG Sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proceedings of the ASIS Annual Meeting, 1999

    1999-01-01

    Abstracts and descriptions of Special Interest Group (SIG) sessions include such topics as: knowledge management tools, knowledge organization, information retrieval, information seeking behavior, metadata, indexing, library service for distance education, electronic books, future information workforce needs, technological developments, and…

  18. Management plan abstract and keyword generator

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This fill-in-the-blank Word form will generate abstracts for common management plans including: cropland management, disease contingency, fire management, fishing,...

  19. The Roles of Glycated Albumin as Intermediate Glycation Index and Pathogenic Protein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwang Joon Kim

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The conventional glycemic indices used in management of diabetic patients includes A1c, fructosamine, 1,5-anhydroglucitol, and glycated albumin (GA. Among these indices, A1c is currently used as the gold standard. However, A1c cannot reflect the glycemic change over a relatively short period of time, and its accuracy is known to decrease when abnormalities in hemoglobin metabolism, such as anemia, coexist. When considering these weaknesses, there have been needs for finding a novel glycemic index for diagnosing and managing diabetes, as well as for predicting diabetic complications properly. Recently, several studies have suggested the potential of GA as an intermediate-term glycation index in covering the short-term effect of treatment. Furthermore, its role as a pathogenic protein affecting the worsening of diabetes and occurrence of diabetic complications is receiving attention as well. Therefore, in this article, we wanted to review the recent status of GA as a glycemic index and as a pathogenic protein.

  20. Refractive index of TlGaAs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohnishi, K.; Shiba, M.; Yamakage, M.; Kajikawa, Y. [Department of Electric and Control Systems Engineering, Interdisciplinary Faculty of Science and Engineering, Shimane University (Japan)

    2008-07-01

    Refractive index has been determined from reflectance measurements at 77-300 K for Tl{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}As samples with x{<=}0.077 prepared by low-temperature molecular-beam epitaxy. A very high refractive index of around 4.5 at room temperature in the transparent wavelength region has been revealed for Tl{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}As with x=0.077. The temperature coefficient of the refractive index was found to increase with Tl content. (copyright 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  1. Development of water-soluble polyanionic carbosilane dendrimers as novel and highly potent topical anti-HIV-2 microbicides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briz, Verónica; Sepúlveda-Crespo, Daniel; Diniz, Ana Rita; Borrego, Pedro; Rodes, Berta; de La Mata, Francisco Javier; Gómez, Rafael; Taveira, Nuno; Muñoz-Fernández, Mª Ángeles

    2015-08-01

    The development of topical microbicide formulations for vaginal delivery to prevent HIV-2 sexual transmission is urgently needed. Second- and third-generation polyanionic carbosilane dendrimers with a silicon atom core and 16 sulfonate (G2-S16), napthylsulfonate (G2-NS16) and sulphate (G3-Sh16) end-groups have shown potent and broad-spectrum anti-HIV-1 activity. However, their antiviral activity against HIV-2 and mode of action have not been probed. Cytotoxicity, anti-HIV-2, anti-sperm and antimicrobial activities of dendrimers were determined. Analysis of combined effects of triple combinations with tenofovir and raltegravir was performed by using CalcuSyn software. We also assessed the mode of antiviral action on the inhibition of HIV-2 infection through a panel of different in vitro antiviral assays: attachment, internalization in PBMCs, inactivation and cell-based fusion. Vaginal irritation and histological analysis in female BALB/c mice were evaluated. Our results suggest that G2-S16, G2-NS16 and G3-Sh16 exert anti-HIV-2 activity at an early stage of viral replication inactivating the virus, inhibiting cell-to-cell HIV-2 transmission, and blocking the binding of gp120 to CD4, and the HIV-2 entry. Triple combinations with tenofovir and raltegravir increased the anti-HIV-2 activity, consistent with synergistic interactions (CIwt: 0.33-0.66). No vaginal irritation was detected in BALB/c mice after two consecutive applications for 2 days with 3% G2-S16. Our results have clearly shown that G2-S16, G2-NS16 and G3-Sh16 have high potency against HIV-2 infection. The modes of action confirm their multifactorial and non-specific ability, suggesting that these dendrimers deserve further studies as potential candidate microbicides to prevent vaginal/rectal HIV-1/HIV-2 transmission in humans.

  2. Topical fluoride as a cause of dental fluorosis in children

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, MCM; Lo, ECM; Glenny, AM; Tsang, BWK; Worthington, HV; Marinho, VCC

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: For many years, topical use of fluorides has gained greater popularity than systemic use of fluorides. A possible adverse effect associated with the use of topical fluoride is the development of dental fluorosis due to the ingestion of excessive fluoride by young children with developing teeth. OBJECTIVES: To describe the relationship between the use of topical fluorides in young children and the risk of developing dental fluorosis. SEARCH STRATEGY: Electronic search of the Cochra...

  3. Abstracts and Key Words of Major Articles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Abstracts and Key Words of Major Articles The Standardization of Rules and Forms of Metrical Poetry in the Tang Dynasty WANG Xiang-feng (College of Liberal Arts, Liaoning University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110036) Abstract: The "modem style" poetry or metrical poetry composed by the poets in the Tang Dynasty is considered as artistic wonders in both content and artistic creation. In metrical application it has become the stylistic norm of the later generations and been regarded as practical standards in the following one thousand years and more. The author of this article makes comparisons between Pingshui Rhyme of the Tang Dynasty and the New Rhyme of the Modem Chinese. The article presents unique opinions on how the present people should write classical poems, and how they should realize and deal with some questions in the rules and forms of metrical poetry.

  4. Hirsch index as a network centrality measure

    CERN Document Server

    Campiteli, Monica G; Soles, Paulo R C; Soares, Leonardo H D; Kinouchi, Osame

    2010-01-01

    We study the h Hirsch index as a local node centrality measure for complex networks in general. The h index is compared with the Degree centrality (a local measure), the Betweenness and Eigenvector centralities (two non-local measures) in the case of a biological network (Yeast interaction protein-protein network) and a linguistic network (Moby Thesaurus II) as test environments. In both networks, the Hirsch index has poor correlation with Betweenness centrality but correlates well with Eigenvector centrality, specially for the more important nodes that are relevant for ranking purposes, say in Search Machine Optimization. In the thesaurus network, the h index seems even to outperform the Eigenvector centrality measure as evaluated by simple linguistic criteria.

  5. Third conference on radiation protection and dosimetry. Program and abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1991-01-01

    This conference has been designed with the objectives of promoting communication among applied, research, regulatory, and standards personnel involved in radiation protection and providing them with sufficient information to evaluate their programs. To partly fulfill these objectives, a technical program consisting of more than 75 invited and contributed oral presentations encompassing all aspects of radiation protection has been prepared. General topics include external dosimetry, internal dosimetry, instruments, regulations and standards, accreditation and test programs, research advances, and applied program experience. This publication provides a summary of the technical program and a collection of abstracts of the oral presentations.

  6. Determination of Reliability Index and Weibull Modulus as a Measure of Hypereutectic Silumins Survival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Szymszal

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The first part of the study describes the methods used to determine Weibull modulus and the related reliability index of hypereutectic silumins containing about 17% Si, assigned for manufacture of high-duty castings to be used in automotive applications and aviation. The second part of the study discusses the importance of chemical composition, including the additions of 3% Cu, 1,5% Ni and 1,5% Mg, while in the third part attention was focussed on the effect of process history, including mould type (sand or metal as well as the inoculation process and heat treatment (solutioning and ageing applied to the cast AlSi17Cu3Mg1,5Ni1,5 alloy, on the run of Weibull distribution function and reliability index calculated for the tensile strength Rm of the investigated alloys.

  7. Text mining for identifying topics in the literatures about adolescent substance use and depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shi-Heng; Ding, Yijun; Zhao, Weizhong; Huang, Yung-Hsiang; Perkins, Roger; Zou, Wen; Chen, James J

    2016-03-19

    Both adolescent substance use and adolescent depression are major public health problems, and have the tendency to co-occur. Thousands of articles on adolescent substance use or depression have been published. It is labor intensive and time consuming to extract huge amounts of information from the cumulated collections. Topic modeling offers a computational tool to find relevant topics by capturing meaningful structure among collections of documents. In this study, a total of 17,723 abstracts from PubMed published from 2000 to 2014 on adolescent substance use and depression were downloaded as objects, and Latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA) was applied to perform text mining on the dataset. Word clouds were used to visually display the content of topics and demonstrate the distribution of vocabularies over each topic. The LDA topics recaptured the search keywords in PubMed, and further discovered relevant issues, such as intervention program, association links between adolescent substance use and adolescent depression, such as sexual experience and violence, and risk factors of adolescent substance use, such as family factors and peer networks. Using trend analysis to explore the dynamics of proportion of topics, we found that brain research was assessed as a hot issue by the coefficient of the trend test. Topic modeling has the ability to segregate a large collection of articles into distinct themes, and it could be used as a tool to understand the literature, not only by recapturing known facts but also by discovering other relevant topics.

  8. Nanoemulsion as a carrier to improve the topical anti-inflammatory activity of stem bark extract of Rapanea ferruginea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dal Mas J

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Juarana Dal Mas,1 Tailyn Zermiani,1 Liliani C Thiesen,1 Joana LM Silveira,2 Kathryn ABS da Silva,1 Márcia M de Souza,1 Angela Malheiros,1 Tania MB Bresolin,1 Ruth M Lucinda-Silva1 1NIQFAR, Graduate Program in Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Vale do Itajaí, Itajaí, Santa Catarina, Brazil; 2Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil Abstract: The aim of this study was to develop nanoemulsion containing soft extract of stem bark of Rapanea ferruginea to improve the topical delivery and anti-inflammatory activity. The extract of R. ferruginea stem bark was incorporated into the oily phase of the nanoemulsion by the method of phase inversion at low energy. The developed nanoemulsion had an average droplet size of 47.88±8.20 nm and a polydispersibility index of 0.228. Uniformity of size, spherical shape of droplet, and absence of clusters were confirmed by transmission electronic microscopy. The zeta potential was -34.7±1.15 mV. The nanoemulsion showed a moderate degree of skin irritation in the agarose overlay assay in vitro. The content of the extract markers, myrsinoic acids A and B, was 54.10±0.08 and 53.03 µg/g in the formulation, respectively. The formulation demonstrated pseudoplastic and thixotropic rheological behavior. In vitro release of chemical markers was controlled by diffusion mechanism. An extract-loaded nanoemulsion showed a topical anti-inflammatory activity in a croton oil-induced edema ear model, with a decrease in tumor necrosis factor release and myeloperoxidase activity. The nanoemulsion was 160% more efficient than the conventional cream containing 0.13% of the extract. The nanoemulsion showed suitable properties as a carrier for topical use of R. ferruginea extract and the approach for improving the topical anti-inflammatory activity. Keywords: nanotechnology, nanoemulsion, Rapanea ferruginea, anti-inflammatory, phytomedicine

  9. Land use and cover change as an overarching topic in the Dutch National Research Programme on Global Air Pollution and Climate Change : issues for implementation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fresco, L.O.; Berg, van den M.M.; Zeijl-Rozema, van A.E.

    1996-01-01

    The integration study 'Land Use and Cover Change as an overarching topic in the Dutch National Research Programme on Global Air Pollution and Climate Change (NRP)' aims at identifying research fields in which the NRP can contribute most effectively to the international scientific know-how

  10. 152 TOPICALIZATION AND PASSIVISATION IN THE ENGLISH ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    or more words that syntactically and semantically behave as a unit” (193). ... Mathews (381) defines topicalization as the “process of forming a derived ... At this juncture, it is important to state that it is not possible to leave behind any of the.

  11. Explanatory Value of the Ability Index as Assessed by Cardiologists and Patients with Congenital Heart Disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schrader, Anne-Marie Voss; Lisby, Karen H; King, Catriona;

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. The Ability Index was developed to classify patients with congenital heart disease into four functional classes. Functional class is typically determined by the cardiologist, based on data from a clinical interview. The validity of the Ability Index as assessed by the patient has...

  12. Verification using Satisfiability Checking, Predicate Abstraction, and Craig Interpolation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    Reasoning about the propositional encodings of operators such as multiplication/division is difficult for propositional SAT solvers. As the datapath ... datapaths [28, 27]. Finally, some combination of bit-level abstraction tech- niques [102, 142, 53, 115, 86, 113, 87] and word-level abstraction tech- niques...Refinement strategies for verification methods based on datapath abstraction. In Asia South Pacific design automation conference, pages 19–24, 2006

  13. The efficacy of potassium ferrate as a chemical disinfectant on E. coli, Vibrio cholera, human adenovirus, and Giardia lamblia - Abstract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Introduction: Drinking water and wastewater effluents go through numerous treatments to remove microorganisms and other contaminants in the United States. One of many processes along the treatment train is disinfection, and to date the most common disinfectants still remain chemi...

  14. The efficacy of potassium ferrate as a chemical disinfectant on E. coli, Vibrio cholera, human adenovirus, and Giardia lamblia - Abstract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Introduction: Drinking water and wastewater effluents go through numerous treatments to remove microorganisms and other contaminants in the United States. One of many processes along the treatment train is disinfection, and to date the most common disinfectants still remain chemi...

  15. Reversible machine code and its abstract processor architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Axelsen, Holger Bock; Glück, Robert; Yokoyama, Tetsuo

    2007-01-01

    A reversible abstract machine architecture and its reversible machine code are presented and formalized. For machine code to be reversible, both the underlying control logic and each instruction must be reversible. A general class of machine instruction sets was proven to be reversible, building ...... on our concept of reversible updates. The presentation is abstract and can serve as a guideline for a family of reversible processor designs. By example, we illustrate programming principles for the abstract machine architecture formalized in this paper....

  16. Two-Level Semantics and Abstract Interpretation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Flemming

    1989-01-01

    Two-level semantics is a variant of Scott/Strachey denotational semantics in which the concept of binding time is treated explicitly. This is done by formally distinguishing between those computations that take place at run-time and those that take place at compile-time. Abstract interpretation...... is concerned with the (preferably automatic) analysis of programs. The main purpose of these analyses is to find information that may assist in the efficient implementation of the programs. Abstract interpretation is thus related to data flow analysis, partial evaluation and other program analysis methods. Its...... unique flavour is the insistence on formal proofs of correctness and the methods used to establish these. This paper develops a theory of abstract interpretation for two-level denotational definitions. There are three ingredients in this. First a framework for proving the correctness of analyses...

  17. Fifth EISCAT Scientific Workshop: Programme and abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huuskonen, A.

    1991-01-01

    A survey on some major scientific results obtained during the ten years of EISCAT's operation, with reference to the original scientific observations of the radar is presented. The workshop abstracts are presented under the following session headings: ionosphere-magnetosphere interaction, aurora; E region; heating plasma and gyro lines; new facilities and techniques, theory; F region; mesosphere; stratosphere, thermosphere studies, D region; neutral winds and waves; coherent radar studies; polar cap; experiment design, data analysis; and poster presentations. Separate abstracts have been prepared for articles in this report.

  18. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts, sponsored by the Documentation and Information Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,the Optical Information Network of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,is one of the series of science and technology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  19. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts, sponsored by the Documentation and Information Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Optical Information Network of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics,Fine Mechanics and Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,is one of the series of science and technology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

  20. Formulation and in vitro evaluation of clotrimazole gel containing almond oil and tween 80 as penetration enhancer for topical application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nawaz, Asif; Jan, Syed Umer; Khan, Nauman Rahim; Hussain, Abid; Khan, Gul Majid

    2013-05-01

    Achieving a desirable percutaneous absorption of drug molecule is a major concern in formulating dermal and transdermal products. The use of penetration enhancers could provide a successful mean for this purpose. The aim of this study was to develop Clotrimazole gel and to evaluate the effect of almond oil and tween 80 (in different concentrations), on the permeation of drug through rabbit skin in vitro. In order to investigate the effect of penetration enhancers used in this study on the permeation of Clotrimazole through sections of excised rabbit skin, Franz diffusion cell was employed. Sample solution was withdrawn at specific time interval up to 24 h. Significant difference in permeation among the eight formulations was seen in the study. The permeation profile of various formulations also showed that the added enhancers in individual batches affected the permeation of the drug. Drug permeation increased with increased concentration of Tween 80 and decreased concentration of almond oil. Furthermore, almond oil combined with tween 80 showed synergistic effect. The clotrimazole gels were successfully formulated and could be beneficial for topical use.

  1. Two-Level Semantics and Abstract Interpretation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Flemming

    1989-01-01

    Two-level semantics is a variant of Scott/Strachey denotational semantics in which the concept of binding time is treated explicitly. This is done by formally distinguishing between those computations that take place at run-time and those that take place at compile-time. Abstract interpretation...... unique flavour is the insistence on formal proofs of correctness and the methods used to establish these. This paper develops a theory of abstract interpretation for two-level denotational definitions. There are three ingredients in this. First a framework for proving the correctness of analyses...

  2. Library and Information Science Doctoral Research Appears to be Showing Less and Less Interest in Library Topics, and Concern among Practitioners May be Justified. A Review of:Finlay, C. S., Sugimoto, C. R., Li, D., & Russell, T. G. (2012. LIS dissertation titles and abstracts (1930–2009: Where have all the librar* gone? The Library Quarterly, 82(1, 29-46. doi:10.1086/662945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Laval Hunsucker

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine whether library andinformation science (LIS doctoral research atNorth American institutions has, over the lasteighty or so years, displayed a clear trendtoward addressing topics other than thoseassociated with librarianship and traditionallibrary functions; and whether one can discern,in this regard, any significant differencesamong those institutions.Design – Conceptual content analysis ofdissertation titles and abstracts.Setting – North American universities withAmerican Library Association accredited LISprograms in the period 1930 through 2009.Subjects – The titles and, to the extentavailable, the abstracts of 3,230 LIS doctoraldissertations completed at these institutionsduring this period.Methods – Having opted for a directed, singlecategorytype content analysis, the researchersbegan by pre-establishing a group of termswhich they assumed could “represent the corecurriculum of the master’s in library science”:terms which they surmised would therefore beable to function, where they appeared in “therecords of doctoral output”, as good indicatorsthat that output itself can rightly be judged tohave had “an explicit focus onlibraries/librarianship” (pp. 36, 44. The termsselected were: “librar*”, “catalog*”, “circulat*”,“collection develop*”, “collection manag*”,“school media”, and “reference” (where “*” indicates truncation, and that any term beginning with the respective letter string was acceptable.The researchers then simply tallied for each of the 3,230 dissertations under investigation how many times one or more of the pre-chosen terms occurred in its title and in its abstract, not recording which term or terms that occurred. (They do not make entirely clear to what extent data collection was computerized. They subsequently analyzed the data longitudinally and by institution, with only one, nominal and dichotomous, variable for the title as well as for the

  3. N-pyridinyl-indole-3-(alkyl)carboxamides and derivatives as potential systemic and topical inflammation inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duflos, M; Nourrisson, M R; Brelet, J; Courant, J; LeBaut, G; Grimaud, N; Petit, J Y

    2001-06-01

    N-substituted-(indol-3-yl)carboxamides 10-15 and alkanamides 16-18 were prepared starting from the corresponding acids and submitted to screening for evaluation of their anti-inflammatory activity. None of the considered carboxamides exhibited significant inhibitory effect in the carrageenin-induced rat paw oedema after oral administration of 0.1 mM x kg(-1); nevertheless introduction of an alkyl chain, leading to alkanamides 16-18, induced moderate to high activity: 46-95% inhibition. The efficacy of these compounds in the inhibition of topical inflammation was confirmed by measuring reduction of ear thickness in the acute tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate (TPA)-induced mouse ear swelling assay. Preliminary pharmacomodulation brought to the fore that toxic effects induced, at 0.4 mM x kg(-1), by N-(pyridin-4-yl)(indol-3-yl)propanamide (17) could be attenuated or suppressed by 5-fluorination or introduction of a methoxycarbonylborane moiety, leading to 18 and 21.

  4. German neutron scattering conference. Programme and abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brueckel, Thomas (ed.)

    2012-07-01

    The German Neutron Scattering Conference 2012 - Deutsche Neutronenstreutagung DN 2012 offers a forum for the presentation and critical discussion of recent results obtained with neutron scattering and complementary techniques. The meeting is organized on behalf of the German Committee for Research with Neutrons - Komitee Forschung mit Neutronen KFN - by the Juelich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS of Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH. In between the large European and international neutron scattering conferences ECNS (2011 in Prague) and ICNS (2013 in Edinburgh), it offers the vibrant German and international neutron community an opportunity to debate topical issues in a stimulating atmosphere. Originating from ''BMBF Verbundtreffen'' - meetings for projects funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research - this conference series has a strong tradition of providing a forum for the discussion of collaborative research projects and future developments in the field of research with neutrons in general. Neutron scattering, by its very nature, is used as a powerful probe in many different disciplines and areas, from particle and condensed matter physics through to chemistry, biology, materials sciences, engineering sciences, right up to geology and cultural heritage; the German Neutron Scattering Conference thus provides a unique chance for exploring interdisciplinary research opportunities. It also serves as a showcase for recent method and instrument developments and to inform users of new advances at neutron facilities.

  5. Brief Introduction to Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts , sponsored by the Documentation andInformation Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Optical Information Networkof the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanicsand Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is one of the series of science andtechnology indexing periodicals published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.The Chinese Optics and Applied Optics Abstracts started a quarterly publication in 1985,with the name of Chinese Science and Technology Document Catalogues: Optics andApplied Optics. It changed into a bimonthly publication with the name of Chinese Opticsand Applied Optics Abstracts in 1987. In combination with the Chinese Optics

  6. Topical Treatment: Basic Rules and Absorbtion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ertuğrul H. Aydemir

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Topical treatment, is applied as putting the medicines just on the problemmatic area of the skin. It is useful for avoiding the systemic side effects, decreasing the cost and it also works like an occupying treatment. Absorbtion of active ingredient is a passive process and amount of absorption of active ingredient is affected by the properties of skin area applied and topical medicine itself. Absorption is more thinner, warmer and wetter areas of the skin.. Absorption is much more than needed, in the areas which are eroded and damaged. But, entrance of the topical medicine to the circulation is not useful and may cause systemic effects. Active ingredient in the topical medicine might have a high concentration, lipophilic nature and higher affinity to the skin than the affinity to the vehicle for a better absorbtion. Stages of absorbtion: Adsorbtion, absorbtion (penetration, permeation, resorbtion. Vehicles can be classified as liquids, semi solides and solides, but the classification as monophasic, biphasic and poliphasic is better (basicly mixtures of water-oils-powders.

  7. 10081 Abstracts Collection -- Cognitive Robotics

    OpenAIRE

    Lakemeyer, Gerhard; Levesque, Hector J.; Pirri, Fiora

    2010-01-01

    From 21.02. to 26.02.2010, the Dagstuhl Seminar 10081 ``Cognitive Robotics '' was held in Schloss Dagstuhl~--~Leibniz Center for Informatics. During the seminar, several participants presented their current research, and ongoing work and open problems were discussed. Abstracts of the presentations given during the seminar as well as abstracts of seminar results and ideas are put together in this paper. The first section describes the seminar topics and goals in general. Link...

  8. Gay-Straight Alliances as settings to discuss health topics: individual and group factors associated with substance use, mental health, and sexual health discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poteat, V P; Heck, N C; Yoshikawa, H; Calzo, J P

    2017-06-01

    Sexual minority (e.g. lesbian, gay, bisexual, questioning; LGBQ) and gender minority (e.g. transgender) youth experience myriad health risks. Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs) are school-based settings where they may have opportunities to discuss substance use, mental health, and sexual health issues in ways that are safe and tailored to their experiences. Attention to these topics in GSAs could aid in developing programming for these settings. Among 295 youth from 33 Massachusetts high-school GSAs (69% LGBQ, 68% cisgender female, 68% White, Mage = 16.06), we examined how often youth discussed these topics within their GSA and identified factors associated with having more of these discussions. Youth and GSAs as a whole varied in their frequency of discussing these topics. Youth who accessed more information/resources in the GSA and did more advocacy more frequently engaged in discussions around substance use, mental health and sexual health. Youth who reported greater victimization more often discussed substance use and mental health, but not sexual health. Finally, GSAs whose members collectively reported greater victimization more frequently discussed these topics. These findings can assist the development of health programming to be delivered within GSAs. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  9. Geometric Abstract Art and Public Health Data

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-10-18

    Dr. Salaam Semaan, a CDC behavioral scientist, discusses the similarities between geometric abstract art and public health data analysis.  Created: 10/18/2016 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 10/18/2016.

  10. Solar thermal energy as a topic in secondary mathematics classrooms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brinkmann, A.; Brinkmann, K. [EnviPro Environmental Process Engineering Prof. Dr. Klaus Brinkmann, Iserlohn (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    One of the most effective methods to achieve a sustainable change of our momentary existing power supply system to a system mainly based on renewable energy conversion is the education of our children. For this purpose the compulsory school subject mathematics appears to be suitable. In order to promote renewable energy issues in mathematics classrooms, the authors have developed a special didactical concept to open this field for students, as well as for their teachers. The aim of this paper is to present firstly an overview of our concept and secondly examples of problems to the special topic of solar thermal energy, developed on the basis of our concept. (orig.)

  11. Generative Topic Modeling in Image Data Mining and Bioinformatics Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xin

    2012-01-01

    Probabilistic topic models have been developed for applications in various domains such as text mining, information retrieval and computer vision and bioinformatics domain. In this thesis, we focus on developing novel probabilistic topic models for image mining and bioinformatics studies. Specifically, a probabilistic topic-connection (PTC) model…

  12. Generative Topic Modeling in Image Data Mining and Bioinformatics Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xin

    2012-01-01

    Probabilistic topic models have been developed for applications in various domains such as text mining, information retrieval and computer vision and bioinformatics domain. In this thesis, we focus on developing novel probabilistic topic models for image mining and bioinformatics studies. Specifically, a probabilistic topic-connection (PTC) model…

  13. Symmetries and fundamental interactions—selected topics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jungmann, Klaus P.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract High precision experiments at low energies on discrete and continuous symmetries offer the possibility to search for New Physics beyond the Standard Model. Examples are dedicated searches for violations of the C, P, CP and CPT as well as of Lorentz Invariance using matter and anti-matter. A

  14. Chinese and Thai Bilingual Topic Detection Online

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rang Ziqiang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Bilingual topic detection is a vital application of natural language processing in the Internet plus Era and trend of economic globalization. At present, the method of bilingual topic detection can’t solve the problem of bilingual topic inconsistent distribution. Aiming at the shortcoming, this paper introduces a based on maximal clique method to find bilingual topic detection of Chinese and Thai feature words. First of all, extract the information of news with keywords of each Chinese and Thai documents through the TextRank algorithm. Next, disambiguate by means of the similarity combined with Chinese and Thai dictionary. Then, use credible association rules to cluster Chinese and Thai feature words, which generates maximal clique of bilingual topic. Finally, cluster similar maximal clique of topic to obtain the collection of final topic. According to the needs of users, the method can recommend a bilingual topic of different sizes. The test of Chinese and Thai news texts in January 2016 made good achievement. From the perspective of cross-language word clustering, the algorithm effectively solves the problem of inconsistency of bilingual topic distribution reasonably, and has the advantages of no need to estimate the number of topics and low time complexity, so it is suitable for the application of online discovery in ilingual topic.

  15. MAXIMAL ELEMENTS AND EQUILIBRIUM OF ABSTRACT ECONOMY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘心歌; 蔡海涛

    2001-01-01

    An existence theorem of maximal elements for a new type of preference correspondences which are Qθ-majorized is given. Then some existence theorems of equilibrium for abstract economy and qualitative game in which the constraint or preference correspondences are Qθ-majorized are obtained in locally convex topological vector spaces.

  16. Review of topical beta blockers as treatment for infantile hemangiomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Painter, Sally L; Hildebrand, Göran Darius

    2016-01-01

    The treatment of infantile hemangiomas changed from the use of oral corticosteroids to oral propranolol on the serendipitous discovery of propanolol's clinical effectiveness in 2008. Since then, clinicians have begun to use topical beta blockers--in particular, timolol maleate 0.5% gel forming solution--with good effect. Topical beta blockers are now used for lesions with both deep and superficial components and those that are amblyogenic. When initiated in the proliferative phase of the lesion, the effectiveness of the treatment can be seen within days. There is no consensus on dosing, treatment bioavailability, or clinical assessment of lesions, but these are topics for future research.

  17. Anti-inflammatory effects of eugenol nanoemulsion as a topical delivery system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmaeili, Fariba; Rajabnejhad, Saeid; Partoazar, Ali Reza; Mehr, Shahram Ejtemaei; Faridi-Majidi, Reza; Sahebgharani, Mousa; Syedmoradi, Leila; Rajabnejhad, Mohammad Reza; Amani, Amir

    2016-11-01

    Eugenol is the main constituent of clove oil with anti-inflammatory properties. In this work, for the first time, O/W nanoemulsion of eugenol was designed for the evaluation of anti-inflammatory effects as a topical delivery system. Topical formulations containing 1%, 2% and 4% of eugenol as well as a nanoemulsion system containing 4% eugenol and 0.5% piroxicam were prepared. Further to physicochemical examinations, such as determination of particle size, polydispersity index, zeta potential and physical stability, anti-inflammatory activity was examined in carrageenan-induced paw edema in rats. The optimum formulation was found to contain 2% eugenol (oil phase), 14% Tween 20 (surfactant) and 14% isopropyl alcohol (co-surfactant) in water. Nanoemulsion with polydispersity index of 0.3 and median droplet diameter of 24.4 nm (d50) was obtained. Animal studies revealed that the nanoemulsions exhibited significantly improved anti-inflammatory activity after 1.5 h, compared with marketed piroxicam gel. Additionally, it was shown that increasing the concentration of eugenol did not show higher inhibition of inflammation. Also, the nanoemulsion having piroxicam showed less anti-inflammatory properties compared with the nanoemulsion without piroxicam.

  18. 1990 fuel cell seminar: Program and abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-31

    This volume contains author prepared short resumes of the presentations at the 1990 Fuel Cell Seminar held November 25-28, 1990 in Phoenix, Arizona. Contained herein are 134 short descriptions organized into topic areas entitled An Environmental Overview, Transportation Applications, Technology Advancements for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells, Technology Advancements for Solid Fuel Cells, Component Technologies and Systems Analysis, Stationary Power Applications, Marine and Space Applications, Technology Advancements for Acid Type Fuel Cells, and Technology Advancement for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells.

  19. Obstacle courses… nature, recreation, and health abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Morera Castro

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Obstacle courses are an activity that brings a group of people together, in which teams are organized to navigate an established route during a set period of time, completing tasks (clues, riddles, or challenges to meet a defined goal.  Rules and safety norms are explained to all participants; however, they are not informed of the location of the clues, riddles, or challenges.  The following should be considered when organizing an obstacle course: objective, topic to be developed, location, materials needed, clues, riddles or challenges that may be included, and how to supervise that all teams pass the checkpoints.  Like any other activity with a touch of competitiveness, fair play and respect should be above any interest.  If, for any reason, any of the teams has an emergency, solidarity should prevail, and the activity can be used to teach values.  An adventurous spirit is also essential in this activity.  The desire for the unknown and the new challenges individuals and groups.  This activity helps groups of friends, children, adults, families, etc. share a nice and healthy day together in contact with nature, rescuing concepts such as cooperation, cleverness and, particularly, team work.

  20. Is disgust sensitive to classical conditioning as indexed by facial electromyography and behavioural responses?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borg, Charmaine; Bosman, Renske C; Engelhard, Iris; Olatunji, Bunmi O; de Jong, Peter J

    2016-01-01

    Earlier studies provided preliminary support for the role of classical conditioning as a pathway of disgust learning, yet this evidence has been limited to self-report. This study included facial electromyographical (EMG) measurements (corrugator and levator muscles) and a behavioural approach task to assess participants' motivation-to-eat the actual food items (conditioned stimuli, CS). Food items served as CS and film excerpts of a woman vomiting served as unconditioned stimuli (US). Following acquisition the CS+ (neutral CS paired with US disgust) was rated as more disgusting and less positive. Notably, the conditioned response was transferred to the actual food items as evidenced by participants' reported lowered willingness-to-eat. Participants also showed heightened EMG activity in response to the CS+ which seemed driven by the corrugator indexing a global negative affect. These findings suggest that classical conditioning as a pathway of disgust learning can be reliably observed in subjective but not in disgust-specific physiological responding.

  1. Using Analogy to Improve Abstract Conditional Reasoning in Adolescents: Not as Easy as It Looks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markovits, Henry; Doyon, Celine

    2011-01-01

    Abstract reasoning refers to the ability to reason logically with premises that do not allow reference to knowledge about the real world. This form of reasoning is complex and difficult, and at the same time, it is critical for understanding science and mathematics. Two studies examined the use of analogy as a method to bridge reasoning with…

  2. Using Analogy to Improve Abstract Conditional Reasoning in Adolescents: Not as Easy as It Looks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markovits, Henry; Doyon, Celine

    2011-01-01

    Abstract reasoning refers to the ability to reason logically with premises that do not allow reference to knowledge about the real world. This form of reasoning is complex and difficult, and at the same time, it is critical for understanding science and mathematics. Two studies examined the use of analogy as a method to bridge reasoning with…

  3. Conference on Abstract Spaces and Approximation

    CERN Document Server

    Szökefalvi-Nagy, B; Abstrakte Räume und Approximation; Abstract spaces and approximation

    1969-01-01

    The present conference took place at Oberwolfach, July 18-27, 1968, as a direct follow-up on a meeting on Approximation Theory [1] held there from August 4-10, 1963. The emphasis was on theoretical aspects of approximation, rather than the numerical side. Particular importance was placed on the related fields of functional analysis and operator theory. Thirty-nine papers were presented at the conference and one more was subsequently submitted in writing. All of these are included in these proceedings. In addition there is areport on new and unsolved problems based upon a special problem session and later communications from the partici­ pants. A special role is played by the survey papers also presented in full. They cover a broad range of topics, including invariant subspaces, scattering theory, Wiener-Hopf equations, interpolation theorems, contraction operators, approximation in Banach spaces, etc. The papers have been classified according to subject matter into five chapters, but it needs littl...

  4. From abstract goals to concrete rules : Regulating nursing home care in Sweden and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Enequist, Anna Louise Elisabeth

    2015-01-01

    To legislate complex topics, both the Dutch and Swedish legislature use goal legislation. Goal acts contain abstract goals which the regulatee should reach instead of detailed prescriptions of how the regulatee should act. Goal acts combine these abstract goal rules with an assignment to other actor

  5. Development of abstract thinking during childhood and adolescence: The role of rostrolateral prefrontal cortex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iroise Dumontheil

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Rostral prefrontal cortex (RPFC has increased in size and changed in terms of its cellular organisation during primate evolution. In parallel emerged the ability to detach oneself from the immediate environment to process abstract thoughts and solve problems and to understand other individuals’ thoughts and intentions. Rostrolateral prefrontal cortex (RLPFC is thought to play an important role in supporting the integration of abstract, often self-generated, thoughts. Thoughts can be temporally abstract and relate to long term goals, or past or future events, or relationally abstract and focus on the relationships between representations rather than simple stimulus features. Behavioural studies have provided evidence of a prolonged development of the cognitive functions associated with RLPFC, in particular logical and relational reasoning, but also episodic memory retrieval and prospective memory. Functional and structural neuroimaging studies provide further support for a prolonged development of RLPFC during adolescence, with some evidence of increased specialisation of RLPFC activation for relational integration and aspects of episodic memory retrieval. Topics for future research will be discussed, such as the role of medial RPFC in processing abstract thoughts in the social domain, the possibility of training abstract thinking in the domain of reasoning, and links to education.

  6. Development of abstract thinking during childhood and adolescence: the role of rostrolateral prefrontal cortex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dumontheil, Iroise

    2014-10-01

    Rostral prefrontal cortex (RPFC) has increased in size and changed in terms of its cellular organisation during primate evolution. In parallel emerged the ability to detach oneself from the immediate environment to process abstract thoughts and solve problems and to understand other individuals' thoughts and intentions. Rostrolateral prefrontal cortex (RLPFC) is thought to play an important role in supporting the integration of abstract, often self-generated, thoughts. Thoughts can be temporally abstract and relate to long term goals, or past or future events, or relationally abstract and focus on the relationships between representations rather than simple stimulus features. Behavioural studies have provided evidence of a prolonged development of the cognitive functions associated with RLPFC, in particular logical and relational reasoning, but also episodic memory retrieval and prospective memory. Functional and structural neuroimaging studies provide further support for a prolonged development of RLPFC during adolescence, with some evidence of increased specialisation of RLPFC activation for relational integration and aspects of episodic memory retrieval. Topics for future research will be discussed, such as the role of medial RPFC in processing abstract thoughts in the social domain, the possibility of training abstract thinking in the domain of reasoning, and links to education.

  7. Characterisation, in vitro digestibility and expected glycemic index of commercial starches as uncooked ingredients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, Annalisa; Mackie, Alan; Farina, Federica; Aponte, Maria; Sarghini, Fabrizio; Masi, Paolo

    2016-12-01

    In this study native starches as ingredients (corn, rice, wheat, tapioca and potato) were characterized for microstructure, physicochemical, functional and thermal properties, in vitro digestibility and glycemic index. There was a significant variation in the granule shape and size distribution of the starches. Particle size monomodal (corn, tapioca, potato) and bimodal (rice, wheat) distribution was observed amongst the starches. The potato starch showed the biggest size granules while the rice showed the smallest. The examined properties and nutritional characteristics of starches were significantly different. Thermal properties were studied using Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC). DSC results showed that the transition temperatures (58.8-78.7 °C) and enthalpies of gelatinization (2.3-8.2 J/g) of the starches appeared to be greatly influenced by microstructure and chemical composition (e.g. resistant starch). Nutritional properties such as slowly digestible starch and expected glycemic index values followed the order: rice > wheat > tapioca > corn > potato. In particular, the highest resistant starch was recorded for potato starch.

  8. Use of abnormal and health psychology as topics in a classroom format to reduce alcohol and other drug abuse among college students at risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miley, W M

    2001-12-01

    This study was done to assess whether classes containing topics derived from two college courses, Abnormal Psychology and Health Psychology, could be used in a class room format to reduce alcohol and other drug abuse among at-risk college students. Topics covered included stress and stress management, alcohol and other drug use and abuse, chronic illnesses and psychological disorders that develop from an unhealthy lifestyle, and factors that play a role in good health and well-being. Students were enrolled in a semester-long course for college credit as an alternative to punitive sanctions for on-campus alcohol violations and other drug violations. The Midwest Institute on Drug Use Survey and the CORE Alcohol and Drug Survey were administered on the first and last days of class. Analysis indicated a significant self-reported reduction in drug use and associated negative symptoms and behavioral effects. Women were more likely to report reductions in drug use than men.

  9. Odors and Air Pollution: A Bibliography with Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Office of Air Programs.

    The annotated bibliography presents a compilation of abstracts which deal with odors as they relate to air pollution. The abstracts are arranged within the following categories: Emission sources; Control methods; Measurement methods; Air quality measurements; Atmospheric interaction; Basic science and technology; Effects-human health;…

  10. Indexing, Browsing, and Searching of Digital Video.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smeaton, Alan F.

    2004-01-01

    Presents a literature review that covers the following topics related to indexing, browsing, and searching of digital video: video coding and standards; conventional approaches to accessing digital video; automatically structuring and indexing digital video; searching, browsing, and summarization; measurement and evaluation of the effectiveness of…

  11. Topical Nano and Microemulsions for Skin Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christofori M. R. R. Nastiti

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Nanosystems such as microemulsions (ME and nanoemulsions (NE offer considerable opportunities for targeted drug delivery to and via the skin. ME and NE are stable colloidal systems composed of oil and water, stabilised by a mixture of surfactants and cosurfactants, that have received particular interest as topical skin delivery systems. There is considerable scope to manipulate the formulation components and characteristics to achieve optimal bioavailability and minimal skin irritancy. This includes the incorporation of established chemical penetration enhancers to fluidize the stratum corneum lipid bilayers, thus reducing the primary skin barrier and increasing permeation. This review discusses nanosystems with utility in skin delivery and focuses on the composition and characterization of ME and NE for topical and transdermal delivery. The mechanism of skin delivery across the stratum corneum and via hair follicles is reviewed with particular focus on the influence of formulation.

  12. Conventional digital cameras as a tool for assessing leaf area index and biomass for cereal breeding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jaume Casadesús; Dolors Villegas

    2014-01-01

    Affordable and easy-to-use methods for assessing biomass and leaf area index (LAI) would be of interest in most breeding programs. Here, we describe the evaluation of a protocol for photographic sampling and image analysis aimed at providing low-labor yet robust indicators of biomass and LAI. In this trial, two genotypes of triticale, two of bread wheat, and four of tritordeum were studied. At six dates during the growing cycle, biomass and LAI were measured destructively, and digital photography was taken on the same dates. Several vegetation indices were calculated from each image. The results showed that repeatable and consistent values of the indices were obtained in consecutive photographic samplings on the same plots. The photographic indices were highly correlated with the destructive measure-ments, though the magnitude of the correlation was lower after anthesis. This work shows that photographic assess-ment of biomass and LAI can be fast, affordable, have good repeatability, and can be used under bright and overcast skies. A practical vegetation index derived from pictures is the fraction of green pixels over the total pixels of the image, and as it shows good correlations with all biomass variables, is the most robust to lighting conditions and has easy interpretation.

  13. Description and evaluation of a net energy intake model as a function of dietary chewing index

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, L.M.; Markussen, B.; Nielsen, N.I.

    2016-01-01

    Previously, a linear relationship has been found between net energy intake (NEI) and dietary chewing index (CI) of the diet for different types of cattle. Therefore, we propose to generalize and calibrate this relationship into a new model for direct prediction of NEI by dairy cows from CI values...... and a was estimated to have a value of 2, implying a constant maximum daily chewing time. The intercept NEI0 in the regression of NEI on CINE may be interpreted as metabolic net energy intake capacity of the cows fed without physical constraints on intake. Based on experimental data, the maximum chewing time...... was estimated as 1/(4 × k). The NEI0 values were parameterized as a linear function of metabolic body size, energy-corrected milk yield (kg/d), days in milk, and days in milk squared. Prediction accuracy was evaluated by mean square prediction error (MSPE) and its decomposition into central tendency, regression...

  14. Description and evaluation of a net energy intake model as a function of dietary chewing index

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Laura Mie; Markussen, Bo; Nielsen, N. I.

    2016-01-01

    Previously, a linear relationship has been found between net energy intake (NEI) and dietary chewing index (CI) of the diet for different types of cattle. Therefore, we propose to generalize and calibrate this relationship into a new model for direct prediction of NEI by dairy cows from CI values...... a value of 2, implying a constant maximum daily chewing time. The intercept NEI0 in the regression of NEI on CINE may be interpreted as metabolic net energy intake capacity of the cows fed without physical constraints on intake. Based on experimental data, the maximum chewing time was estimated as 1....../(4 × k). The NEI0 values were parameterized as a linear function of metabolic body size, energy-corrected milk yield (kg/d), days in milk, and days in milk squared. Prediction accuracy was evaluated by mean square prediction error (MSPE) and its decomposition into central tendency, regression...

  15. SATURATED ZONE FLOW AND TRANSPORT MODEL ABSTRACTION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    B.W. ARNOLD

    2004-10-27

    The purpose of the saturated zone (SZ) flow and transport model abstraction task is to provide radionuclide-transport simulation results for use in the total system performance assessment (TSPA) for license application (LA) calculations. This task includes assessment of uncertainty in parameters that pertain to both groundwater flow and radionuclide transport in the models used for this purpose. This model report documents the following: (1) The SZ transport abstraction model, which consists of a set of radionuclide breakthrough curves at the accessible environment for use in the TSPA-LA simulations of radionuclide releases into the biosphere. These radionuclide breakthrough curves contain information on radionuclide-transport times through the SZ. (2) The SZ one-dimensional (I-D) transport model, which is incorporated in the TSPA-LA model to simulate the transport, decay, and ingrowth of radionuclide decay chains in the SZ. (3) The analysis of uncertainty in groundwater-flow and radionuclide-transport input parameters for the SZ transport abstraction model and the SZ 1-D transport model. (4) The analysis of the background concentration of alpha-emitting species in the groundwater of the SZ.

  16. Refractive index determination as a tool for temperature measurement and process control: a new approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaller, Johannes K.; Wassenberg, S.; Fiedler, Detlev K.; Stojanoff, Christo G.

    1994-11-01

    Recently a new method for temperature measurement of droplets was presented. This method determines the index of refraction of a spherical scatterer with high accuracy and utilizes the dependence of the index of refraction on the temperature to finally determine the temperature. In this paper we show that the method is likewise applicable to cylindrical scatterers with a homogeneous refractive index distribution, like liquid jets. The method can be used to optically determine the temperature of a liquid jet, or to measure other properties of the liquid that influence the index of refraction of that liquid. One such property is the concentration of one liquid in another, like that of glycerol in an aqueous solution, which was studied experimentally for assessing some properties of the proposed method. An estimation of the sensitivity of the method was gained by detecting temperature changes of a cylindrical water jet.

  17. Stock Market Index Data and indicators for Day Trading as a Binary Classification problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Bruni

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Classification is the attribution of labels to records according to a criterion automatically learned from a training set of labeled records. This task is needed in a huge number of practical applications, and consequently it has been studied intensively and several classification algorithms are available today. In finance, a stock market index is a measurement of value of a section of the stock market. It is often used to describe the aggregate trend of a market. One basic financial issue would be forecasting this trend. Clearly, such a stochastic value is very difficult to predict. However, technical analysis is a security analysis methodology developed to forecast the direction of prices through the study of past market data. Day trading consists in buying and selling financial instruments within the same trading day. In this case, one interesting problem is the automatic individuation of favorable days for trading. We model this problem as a binary classification problem, and we provide datasets containing daily index values, the corresponding values of a selection of technical indicators, and the class label, which is 1 if the subsequent time period is favorable for day trading and 0 otherwise. These datasets can be used to test the behavior of different approaches in solving the day trading problem.

  18. Stock Market Index Data and indicators for Day Trading as a Binary Classification problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruni, Renato

    2017-02-01

    Classification is the attribution of labels to records according to a criterion automatically learned from a training set of labeled records. This task is needed in a huge number of practical applications, and consequently it has been studied intensively and several classification algorithms are available today. In finance, a stock market index is a measurement of value of a section of the stock market. It is often used to describe the aggregate trend of a market. One basic financial issue would be forecasting this trend. Clearly, such a stochastic value is very difficult to predict. However, technical analysis is a security analysis methodology developed to forecast the direction of prices through the study of past market data. Day trading consists in buying and selling financial instruments within the same trading day. In this case, one interesting problem is the automatic individuation of favorable days for trading. We model this problem as a binary classification problem, and we provide datasets containing daily index values, the corresponding values of a selection of technical indicators, and the class label, which is 1 if the subsequent time period is favorable for day trading and 0 otherwise. These datasets can be used to test the behavior of different approaches in solving the day trading problem.

  19. Elastic vesicles as topical/transdermal drug delivery systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, M J; Maibach, H I

    2005-08-01

    Skin acts a major target as well as a principle barrier for topical/transdermal drug delivery. Despite the many advantages of this system, the major obstacle is the low diffusion rate of drugs across the stratum corneum. Several methods have been assessed to increase the permeation rate of drugs temporarily. One simple and convenient approach is application of drugs in formulation with elastic vesicles or skin enhancers. Elastic vesicles are classified with phospholipid (Transfersomes((R)) and ethosomes) and detergent-based types. Elastic vesicles were more efficient at delivering a low and high molecular weight drug to the skin in terms of quantity and depth. Their effectiveness strongly depends on their physicochemical properties: composition, duration and application volume, and entrapment efficiency and application methods. This review focuses on the effect of elastic liposomes for enhancing the drug penetration and defines the action mechanism of penetration into deeper skin.

  20. Fifteenth symposium on biotechnology for fuels and chemicals: Program and abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-07-01

    This collection contains 173 abstracts from presented papers and poster sessions. The five sessions of the conference were on the subjects of: (1) Thermal, Chemical, and Biological Processing, (2) Applied Biological Research, (3) Bioprocessing Research (4), Process Economics and Commercialization, and (5) Environmental Biotechnology. Examples of specific topics in the first session include the kinetics of ripening cheese, microbial liquefaction of lignite, and wheat as a feedstock for fuel ethanol. Typical topics in the second session were synergism studies of bacterial and fungal celluloses, conversion of inulin from jerusalem artichokes to sorbitol and ethanol by saccharomyces cerevisiae, and microbial conversion of high rank coals to methane. The third session entertained topics such as hydrodynamic modeling of a liquid fluidized bed bioreactor for coal biosolubilization, aqueous biphasic systems for biological particle partitioning, and arabinose utilization by xylose-fermenting yeast and fungi. The fourth session included such topics as silage processing of forage biomass to alcohol fuels, economics of molasses to ethanol in India, and production of lactic acid from renewable resources. the final session contained papers on such subjects as bioluminescent detection of contaminants in soils, characterization of petroleum contaminated soils in coral atolls in the south Pacific, and landfill management for methane generation and emission control.

  1. Conveying Communicative Intent: Moves and Metadiscourse in Abstract Writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuah Ek Lon

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstracts form the first reading contact of extended discourse in pursuance of a meaningful engagement with a report. An abstract possesses distinct features drawn from a specific genre of academic writing that communicates its discourse intent to any academic or professional community. Among the discourse conventions is the use of a move pattern and metadiscourse elements which together, establishes logical connections with the reader. This paper investigates good communication practice in abstract writing, a significant preliminary that fronts a report. The effectiveness of an abstract specifically, can be tied to the realization of a peculiar move structure that is accompanied by a judicious choice of words and phrases that relates to and involves the reader both interactively and interactionally. A content analysis of the move structure and its underlying metadiscourse in 100 randomly selected abstracts gives petite indication of how students manage abstract writing in a technical report. The results will have a bearing on situating appropriate pedagogical approaches for the teaching of a salient feature in academic writing and will also inform students of related genre expectations towards abstract writing. It is a skill that they may not have sufficient contact with in their university writing experience, though, nonetheless, one that needs to be accomplished to fulfill communicative intent that serves both local and international purposes insofar as academic writing is concerned. Keywords: abstract, metadiscourse, rhetorical moves and genre

  2. Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

    1999-05-01

    This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  3. An Approach to the Design of Mathematical Task Sequences: Conceptual Learning as Abstraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, Martin A.

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes an emerging approach to the design of task sequences and the theory that undergirds it. The approach aims at promoting particular mathematical concepts, understood as the result of reflective abstraction. Central to this approach is the identification of available student activities from which students can abstract the…

  4. Using Augmentations as Bridges from Concrete to Abstract Representations

    OpenAIRE

    Zufferey, Guillaume; Jermann, Patrick; Do-Lenh, Son; Dillenbourg, Pierre

    2009-01-01

    We describe a pedagogical approach supporting the acquisition of abstraction skills by apprentices in logistics. Apprentices start with a concrete representation in the form of a small-scale model which aims at engaging them in learning activities. Multiple External Representations are used to progressively introduce more abstract representations displayed on paper-based forms called TinkerSheets. We present the implementation of this approach on the TinkerTable, a tabletop learning e...

  5. Glycemic index and diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000941.htm Glycemic index and diabetes To use the sharing features on ... GI diet also may help with weight loss. Glycemic Index of Certain Foods Low GI foods (0 to ...

  6. Body mass index and skinfolds as indicators of obesity in schoolchildren aged 8 to 10 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Paulo Buraneli Mantoan

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare the concordance of two obesity indicators, BMI and % body fat in boys and girls. Therefore, 100 girls and 100 boys, with ages ranging from 8 to 10 years, were submitted to anthropometric measurements for subsequent calculation of Body Mass Index (BMI and % body fat, both as obesity indicators. The variables were analyzed with relation to the reference criteria proposed by Williams et al and Cole et al. The results were then analyzed with the kappa index, elucidating that 79% of the boys and 85% of the girls were classified simultaneously by both procedures. The kappa index indicated a moderate agreement between the two obesity indicators for obese and non-obese classification. However, our data demonstrated that 21% of the boys and 15% of the girls showed normal weight according to BMI, but were classified as obese according to the % body fat. The results show that BMI, when compared with skinfolds, had moderate agreement in children from 8 to 10 years old for detecting obesity. ResumoO objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a concordância entre dois indicadores de obesidade, IMC e percentual de gordura, em escolares de ambos os sexos. Para tanto, 100 meninas e 100 meninos de 8 a 10 anos, alunos do ensino fundamental do município de Londrina, foram submetidos a medidas antropométricas para subseqüente cálculo do Índice de Massa Corporal (IMC e percentual de gordura como indicadores de obesidade. As variáveis foram analisadas em relação aos critérios de referência apresentados por Williams et al e Cole et al. Os resultados foram analisados pelo índice Kappa, evidenciando que 79% dos meninos e 85% das meninas foram classificados simultaneamente pelos dois procedimentos. Uma concordância moderada entre os dois indicadores de obesidade na classificação para meninos e meninas foi evidenciada (kappa=0,43 e 0,50, respectivamente. Entretanto, os dados encontrados demonstraram que 21% dos meninos e 15% das

  7. TV Talk: TV and the Classroom: An Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Rosemary Lee

    1980-01-01

    This article provides a subject index back to 1975 of the "TV Talk" column and other Teacher magazine articles concerning television. Topics include the use of TV in elementary language arts, math, reading, and social studies, as well as suggestions for parents and articles on television as a medium. (SJL)

  8. [Environmental history as an anthropologic topic. Contribution to "chemical anthropology"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grupe, G

    1990-06-01

    Human population history is firmly connected with temporal and regional changes of the environment. Whether natural or anthropogene, alteration of environmental features lead to changes of human life-style and to the development of adaptive strategies. The demand of resources for his subsistence has led man to diverse impacts on his environment since ever. Thus, environmental history is a scientific topic for anthropologists. The research potential of trace element studies of excavated human skeletons for the reconstruction of natural and socio-cultural environments as well as for distribution patterns of hazardous substances is outlined for the European Middle Ages. The scientific value of unravelling past man/environment-interrelationships for both the historical and applied sciences and the place of any "chemical anthropology" within this context is discussed.

  9. Foraminifera as bioindicators in coral reef assessment and monitoring: The foram index

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallock, P.; Lidz, B.H.; Cockey-Burkhard, E. M.; Donnelly, K.B.

    2003-01-01

    Coral reef communities are threatened worldwide. Resource managers urgently need indicators of the biological condition of reef environments that can relate data acquired through remote-sensing, water-quality and benthic-community monitoring to stress responses in reef organisms. The "FORAM" (Foraminifera in Reef Assessment and Monitoring) Index (FI) is based on 30 years of research on reef sediments and reef-dwelling larger foraminifers. These shelled protists are ideal indicator organisms because: ??? Foraminifers are widely used as environmental and paleoenvironmental indicators in many contexts; ??? Reef-building, zooxanthellate corals and foraminifers with algal symbionts have similar water-quality requirements; ??? The relatively short life spans of foraminifers as compared with long-lived colonial corals facilitate differentiation between long-term water-quality decline and episodic stress events; ??? Foraminifers are relatively small and abundant, permitting statistically significant sample sizes to be collected quickly and relatively inexpensively, ideally as a component of comprehensive monitoring programs; and ??? Collection of foraminifers has minimal impact on reef resources. USEPA guidelines for ecological indicators are used to evaluate the FI. Data required are foraminiferal assemblages from surface sediments of reef-associated environments. The FI provides resource managers with a simple procedure for determining the suitability of benthic environments for communities dominated by algal symbiotic organisms. The FI can be applied independently, or incorporated into existing or planned monitoring efforts. The simple calculations require limited computer capabilities and therefore can be applied readily to reef-associated environments worldwide. In addition, the foraminiferal shells collected can be subjected to morphometric and geochemical analyses in areas of suspected heavy-metal pollution, and the data sets for the index can be used with other

  10. Logic and Abstraction in Engineering Education: A Necessary Relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serna M. Edgar

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the logic and abstraction seen as a necessary relation in the formative process engineers. It describes the importance and the need for training in this area of knowledge and the relationship between professional exercise of the engineers and the development and/or potentiation of logical-interpretative and abstractive ability for problem solution. It is a research-review-reflection work about the importance of these two components, viewed structurally from the curriculum. It is the product of the first phase of the research "The capacity logical-interpretative and abstractive as a basic component for professional exercise of the engineers".

  11. Advanced light source: Compendium of user abstracts and technical reports,1993-1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    1997-04-01

    This compendium contains abstracts written by users summarizing research completed or in progress from 1993-1996, ALS technical reports describing ongoing efforts related to improvement in machine operations and research and development projects, and information on ALS beamlines planned through 1998. Two tables of contents organize the user abstracts by beamline and by area of research, and an author index makes abstracts accessible by author and by principal investigator. Technical details for each beamline including whom to contact for additional information can be found in the beamline information section. Separate abstracts have been indexed into the database for contributions to this compendium.

  12. Agility Index as a Measurement Tool Based on Stimuli Number and Traveling Distances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zemková, Erika

    2017-08-01

    Zemková, E. Agility Index as a measurement tool based on stimuli number and traveling distances. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2141-2146, 2017-The purpose of this study was to develop an Agility Index (AI), plus related methodology, for representing and quantifying the data variability of agility performance, incorporating varied stimuli number and traveling distances. A group of 84 physically fit subjects performed the agility test. Their task was to touch, with either the left or the right foot, 1 of 4 mats according to the location of a stimulus in one of the corners of the screen. Results showed no significant changes in agility time during 60 responses, when subjects traveled a distance of 0.4 m (6.3%, p = 0.326). However, agility time increased significantly after 40 responses when traveling 0.8 m (12.5%, p = 0.044), after 20 responses when traveling 1.6 m (18.6%, p = 0.028), and after 10 responses when traveling 3.2 m (18.3%, p = 0.029). To estimate the contribution of movement time to the agility time, the AI was proposed. This was defined as a ratio of reaction time and agility time, divided by the previously determined coefficient for each distance traveled. No significant differences between the 2 test occasions in the AI and the ICC values in range from 0.88 to 0.93 and SEM from 7.6 to 8.8% signify that it is of sufficient stability and reliability to be used in practice. The AI is crucial for the sport-specific assessment of agility performance that differs in the number of stimuli and traveling distances. Also, it can be useful for comparing individuals with varied performance levels and the evaluation of agility training efficiency.

  13. Theoretical analyses of the elastic and electronic properties of InAs QDs and QD-in-WELL structures grown on GaAs high index substrates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bennour, M., E-mail: mnbnnr@gmail.com [Micro-Optoelectronic and Nanostructures Laboratory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Monastir University, Environment Street, 5019 Monastir (Tunisia); Bouzaiene, L.; Saidi, F. [Micro-Optoelectronic and Nanostructures Laboratory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Monastir University, Environment Street, 5019 Monastir (Tunisia); Sfaxi, L. [Micro-Optoelectronic and Nanostructures Laboratory, Sousse University (Tunisia); Maaref, H. [Micro-Optoelectronic and Nanostructures Laboratory, Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Monastir University, Environment Street, 5019 Monastir (Tunisia)

    2015-10-25

    We report a theoretical study of the wetting layer thickness, In{sub x}Ga{sub (1−x)}As quantum-well thickness and Indium composition effects on the physical properties of InAs quantum dots (QDs) and quantum dots-in-well (QD-in-WELL) grown on GaAs high index substrates. Finite element method is used to calculate the strain, piezoelectric field distributions and the electronic structure. Coulomb interaction has been taken as a perturbation in the interband transition energy. The ground–state transition energy is influenced by the wetting layer thickness (WL) and the substrate orientation; however, it is not affected by the InGaAs quantum-well thickness. We have found that the tensile strain at the interface is the main factor responsible for the difficulty of self-assembled InAs QDs formation on GaAs(111) substrate. On the other hand, the stability of the relaxed strain into QD–IN–WELL depended on the Indium composition and the quantum-well thickness as well as the orientation substrate. The appropriate Indium composition in the InGaAs quantum-well is found to be 0.3 for the QD–IN–WELL grown on GaAs(111) and 0.2 for the QD–IN–WELL grown on GaAs(119). This work can be helpful to controlling the wavelength of QD–IN–WELL grown on high index substrates by changing the In composition or the quantum well-thickness. - Graphical abstract: The piezoelectric field was found to be more important in large QD than that of small QD which contribute to a little blue shift between small and large QD, when the substrate disorientation increased from (119) to (111). - Highlights: • Finite element method used to calculate strain, piezoelectric field and energy gap. • Physical properties of InAs/GaAs(11n) QDs and InGaAs/InAs/InGaAs/GaAs(11n) QD-in Well. • Stability of relaxed strain into quantum dots and quantum dots-in-well was discussed. • Tensile strain interface is responsible of difficulty self-assembled InAs/GaAs(111)QD.

  14. Intelligent topical sentiment analysis for the classification of e-learners and their topics of interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravichandran, M; Kulanthaivel, G; Chellatamilan, T

    2015-01-01

    Every day, huge numbers of instant tweets (messages) are published on Twitter as it is one of the massive social media for e-learners interactions. The options regarding various interesting topics to be studied are discussed among the learners and teachers through the capture of ideal sources in Twitter. The common sentiment behavior towards these topics is received through the massive number of instant messages about them. In this paper, rather than using the opinion polarity of each message relevant to the topic, authors focus on sentence level opinion classification upon using the unsupervised algorithm named bigram item response theory (BIRT). It differs from the traditional classification and document level classification algorithm. The investigation illustrated in this paper is of threefold which are listed as follows: (1) lexicon based sentiment polarity of tweet messages; (2) the bigram cooccurrence relationship using naïve Bayesian; (3) the bigram item response theory (BIRT) on various topics. It has been proposed that a model using item response theory is constructed for topical classification inference. The performance has been improved remarkably using this bigram item response theory when compared with other supervised algorithms. The experiment has been conducted on a real life dataset containing different set of tweets and topics.

  15. Intelligent Topical Sentiment Analysis for the Classification of E-Learners and Their Topics of Interest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ravichandran

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Every day, huge numbers of instant tweets (messages are published on Twitter as it is one of the massive social media for e-learners interactions. The options regarding various interesting topics to be studied are discussed among the learners and teachers through the capture of ideal sources in Twitter. The common sentiment behavior towards these topics is received through the massive number of instant messages about them. In this paper, rather than using the opinion polarity of each message relevant to the topic, authors focus on sentence level opinion classification upon using the unsupervised algorithm named bigram item response theory (BIRT. It differs from the traditional classification and document level classification algorithm. The investigation illustrated in this paper is of threefold which are listed as follows: (1 lexicon based sentiment polarity of tweet messages; (2 the bigram cooccurrence relationship using naïve Bayesian; (3 the bigram item response theory (BIRT on various topics. It has been proposed that a model using item response theory is constructed for topical classification inference. The performance has been improved remarkably using this bigram item response theory when compared with other supervised algorithms. The experiment has been conducted on a real life dataset containing different set of tweets and topics.

  16. MRI-Derived Cellularity Index as a Potential Noninvasive Imaging Biomarker of Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-13-1-0391 TITLE: MRI -Derived Cellularity Index as a Potential...2. REPORT TYPE Annual report 3. DATES COVERED 15 Sep 2013 - 14 Sep 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER MRI ...NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Standard magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI ) of the prostate lacks sensitivity in the diagnosis and staging of prostate cancer (PCa

  17. Spatial Relation Resolution and Spatial Relation Abstraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AI Tinghua; LIU Yaolin

    2003-01-01

    This paper attempts toregard spatial relation transformationas an important process in map gener-alization. The spatial relation generali-zation can be divided into the compo-nents of abstraction: topology, dis-tance and orientation. The concept‘ spatial relation resolution' is intro-duced to describe the constraints ofrelative spatial relation. On the basisof nine intersection models, the cardi-nal direction models and the iso-dis-tance-relation models, this paper givesthree sorts of relation resolution repre-sentations for topological, distance andorientation relation, respectively. Twomapping implementations in map gen-eralization is discussed.

  18. Current Abstracts Nuclear Reactors and Technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bales, J.D.; Hicks, S.C. [eds.

    1993-01-01

    This publication Nuclear Reactors and Technology (NRT) announces on a monthly basis the current worldwide information available from the open literature on nuclear reactors and technology, including all aspects of power reactors, components and accessories, fuel elements, control systems, and materials. This publication contains the abstracts of DOE reports, journal articles, conference papers, patents, theses, and monographs added to the Energy Science and Technology Database during the past month. Also included are US information obtained through acquisition programs or interagency agreements and international information obtained through acquisition programs or interagency agreements and international information obtained through the International Energy Agency`s Energy Technology Data Exchange or government-to-government agreements. The digests in NRT and other citations to information on nuclear reactors back to 1948 are available for online searching and retrieval on the Energy Science and Technology Database and Nuclear Science Abstracts (NSA) database. Current information, added daily to the Energy Science and Technology Database, is available to DOE and its contractors through the DOE Integrated Technical Information System. Customized profiles can be developed to provide current information to meet each user`s needs.

  19. Study and application of temporal index technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE XiaoPing; TANG Yong; CHEN LuoWu; GUO Huan; ZHU Jun; CHEN KaiYuan

    2009-01-01

    This paper addresses the mathematical relation on a set of periods and temporal indexing constructions as well as their applications. First we introduce two concepts, i.e. the temporal connection and temporal inclusion, which are equivalence relation and preorder relation respectively. Second, by studying some basic topics such as the division of "large" equivalence classes and the overlaps of preorder relational sets, we propose a temporal data index model (TDIM) with a tree-structure consisting of a root node, equivalence class nodes and linearly ordered branch nodes. Third, we study algorithms for the temporal querying and incremental updating as well as dynamical management within the framework of TDIM. Based on a proper mathematical supporting, TDIM can be applied to researching some significant practical cases such as temporal relational and temporal XML data and so on.

  20. Land, Waste, and Cleanup Topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    After reducing waste as much as possible through recycling and sustainability, managing waste protects land quality. EPA is also involved in cleaning up and restoring contaminated land, through brownfield and superfund programs.

  1. Alkyl polyglucoside-stabilized emulsion as a prospective vehicle for Usnea barbata CO2-supercritical extract: Assessing stability, safety and efficiency of a topical formulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žugić Ana R.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Antimicrobial activity of Usnea barbata especially against bacteria involved in pathogenesis of various skin conditions has been well documented in literature. Nevertheless, there are no papers dealing with formulation of its isolates into topical preparations for treatment of skin infections. In present study, alkyl polyglucoside (APG - based vehicle was developed as carrier of U. barbata CO2-supercritical extract (U-SE that demonstrated the best antimicrobial potential in preliminary screening. For comparison, chosen extract in the same concentration and using the same procedure was incorporated into a pharmacopoeial vehicle. Comparative evaluation of physicochemical stability, efficiency and safety proved APG-based vehicle to possess certain preferential features as carrier of U-SE compared to the reference one, composing a topical formulation with potential clinical relevance in treatment of skin infections. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III45017 i br. TR34031

  2. An Investigation of Cohesion and Rhetorical Moves in Thesis Abstracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luthfiyah Luthfiyah

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at investigating cohesion and rhetorical moves in thesis abstracts of English Education students. This study employed a qualitative research design in which 10 abstracts were chosen as samples. The cohesion is analyzed based on Halliday's and Hasan's  concept while rhetorical moves are analyzed based on Swales' and Feak's framework. The results show that all cohesive devices are used except substitution. Among those devices, reference is the most frequently used. The results also show that some cohesive devices are used incorrectly. As a result, seven abstracts (70% are still in medium category of cohesion level while three abstracts (30% are in high category of cohesion level. Furthermore, 7 abstracts are organized in different move patterns which do not follow the Swales' and Feak's framework. From the results of the study, it can be concluded that most of the abstract samples achieve medium category level of cohesion, and the rhetorical moves in most of the abstracts samples are not organized well. Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/ijee.v2i2.3086

  3. Experiencing art: the influence of expertise and painting abstraction level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elina ePihko

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available How does expertise influence the perception of representational and abstract paintings? We asked 20 experts on art history and 20 laypersons to explore and evaluate a series of paintings ranging in style from representational to abstract in five categories. We compared subjective aesthetic judgments and emotional evaluations, gaze patterns, and electrodermal reactivity between the two groups of participants. The level of abstraction affected aesthetic judgments and emotional valence ratings of the laypersons but had no effect on the opinions of the experts: the laypersons’ aesthetic and emotional ratings were highest for representational paintings and lowest for abstract paintings, whereas the opinions of the experts were independent of the abstraction level. The gaze patterns of both groups changed as the level of abstraction increased: the number of fixations and the length of the scanpaths increased while the duration of the fixations decreased. The viewing strategies—reflected in the target, location and path of the fixations—however indicated that experts and laypersons paid attention to different aspects of the paintings. The electrodermal reactivity did not vary according to the level of abstraction in either group but expertise was reflected in weaker responses, compared with laypersons, to information received about the paintings.

  4. Intramuscular pressure and electromyography as indexes of force during isokinetic exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aratow, M.; Ballard, R. E.; Grenshaw, A. G.; Styf, J.; Watenpaugh, D. E.; Kahan, N. J.; Hargens, A. R.

    1993-01-01

    A direct method for measuring force production of specific muscles during dynamic exercise is presently unavailable. Previous studies indicate that both intramuscular pressure (IMP) and electromyography (EMG) correlate linearly with muscle contraction force during isometric exercise. The objective of this study was to compare IMP and EMG as linear assessors of muscle contraction force during dynamic exercise. IMP and surface EMG activity were recorded during concentric and eccentric isokinetic plantarflexion and dorsiflexion of the ankle joint from the tibialis anterior (TA) and soleus (SOL) muscles of nine male volunteers. Ankle torque was measured using a dynamometer, and IMP was measured via catheterization. IMP exhibited better linear correlation than EMG with ankle joint torque during concentric contractions of the SOL and the TA, as well as during eccentric contractions. IMP provides a better index of muscle contraction force than EMG during concentric and eccentric exercise through the entire range of torque. IMP reflects intrinsic mechanical properties of individual muscles, such as length-tension relationships, which EMG is unable to assess.

  5. [As index patient into therapeutic alternatives?--Children in systemic family therapy and counseling].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vossler, A

    2000-01-01

    Since systemic therapy and counseling approaches have become established in child guidance, and children and adolescent psychiatry the understanding for children in the therapeutic context has also changed. They are part of the family system who, with their symptoms, point to restricting reality constructions and interaction patterns which create suffering (index patients). They are often treated correspondingly in the family setting. On this background this article investigates the special situation of children in the practice of systemic family therapy. The few results from studies from practice research dealing with this subject are compared with system-theoretical basic assumptions. The results indicate that the children are only insufficiently integrated into the therapy sessions and are excluded partly. They often experience the family discussions as being adult-oriented and feel that their needs and views are considered only slightly. Possible causes for this may be expecting too much emotionally and/or cognitively especially from younger children with family-oriented methods (such as circular questioning) as well as deficits in the training of family therapists. The closing thoughts on the therapeutic implications from the presented results include suggestions on methodical approaches more suitable for children and a reflected therapeutic attitude (transparency, participation, respect) towards children.

  6. Earth Sciences Division, collected abstracts, 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taasevigen, D.K.; Henry, A.L.; Madsen, S.K.

    1979-03-30

    Abstracts of papers, internal reports, and talks presented during 1978 at national and international meetings by members of the Earth Sciences Division of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory are compiled. The arrangement is alphabetical (by author). For any given report, a bibliographic reference appears under the name of each coauthor. A topical index at the end provides useful cross references, while indicating major areas of research interest in the Earth Sciences Division.

  7. Waist-to-Height Ratio and Body Mass Index as Indicators of Cardiovascular Risk in Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keefer, Daniel J.; Caputo, Jennifer L.; Tseh, Wayland

    2013-01-01

    Background: The purpose of this investigation was to determine if waist-to-height ratio (WHTR) or body mass index (BMI) is the better indicator of cardiovascular disease risk in children and adolescents of varying ages. Methods: Data from children and adolescents (N?=?2300) who were part of the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination…

  8. Methods to calibrate and scale axial distances in confocal microscopy as a function of refractive index

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besseling, T. H.; Jose, J.; Blaaderen, A. Van

    2015-01-01

    Accurate distance measurement in 3D confocal microscopy is important for quantitative analysis, volume visualization and image restoration. However, axial distances can be distorted by both the point spread function (PSF) and by a refractive-index mismatch between the sample and immersion liquid, wh

  9. [Biological age as an index of human health level, aging and ecological well-being].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krut'ko, V N; Dontsov, V I; Zakhar'iashcheva, O V; Kuznetsov, I A; Mamikonova, O A; Pyrvu, V V; Smirnova, T M; Sokolova, L A

    2014-01-01

    Methodology of estimating the integral health and aging level is based on the system index of biological age (BA). The paper introduces the reader to the BA principles and structure, search for meaningful aging biomarkers, useful tests, and applications in present-day biomedicine. The concept of BA is directly linked with the theory of organism vitality. BA biomarkers must provide a detailed picture of the process of aging. Number of biomarkers cannot be large, while their changes with aging must be uniform in every population member and fairly distinct though with moderate interindividual variations. Prognosis of the vital trajectory requires estimation of risk factors, i.e. hereditary and acquired factors that affect lifespan, and also longevity factors, i.e. genetic and environmental factors crucial for clinical medicine and gerontological prophylaxis properly. At present, BA gains wide recognition in clinical and preventive medicine, physiology and biology as a method to evaluate the general state of health, ecological well-being, adaptation to extreme factors, as well as the rate and degree of organism aging.

  10. Knowledge-Based Abstracting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, William J.

    1990-01-01

    Discussion of automatic abstracting of technical papers focuses on a knowledge-based method that uses two sets of rules. Topics discussed include anaphora; text structure and discourse; abstracting techniques, including the keyword method and the indicator phrase method; and tools for text skimming. (27 references) (LRW)

  11. Evaluation of RU58841 as an anti-androgen in prostate PC3 cells and a topical anti-alopecia agent in the bald scalp of stumptailed macaques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, H J; Wilding, G; Uno, H; Inui, S; Goldsmith, L; Messing, E; Chang, C

    1998-08-01

    The effect of androgen receptor transcriptional activation by RU58841, a nonsteroidal anti-androgen, was studied in the human prostate cancer PC3 cell line by cotransfection with wild-type androgen receptor (wt AR) and an androgen-responsive reporter (MMTV-ARE-CAT) construct. Anti-and rogens, hydroxyflutamide, and Casodex, and the antiestrogen, genistein, were studied in parallel for comparison with RU58841. The wt AR was activated only by the androgen dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Neither the anti-androgens nor antiestrogen can enhance AR transcriptional activity at 10(-11)-10(-7)M in PC3 cells. Hydroxyflutamide, RU58841, and Casodex, but not genistein, displayed competitively suppressive effects on DHT activation of wt AR. The potency of RU58841 was comparable to that of hydroxyflutamide. From this result, topical application of RU58841, which is considered to be a potential therapy for skin diseases, may induce systemic side effects. However, RU58841, on topical application, revealed a potent increase in density, thickening, and length of hair in the macaque model of androgenetic alopecia, whereas no systemic effects were detected. Together our results suggest that RU58841 may have potent antagonism to the wt AR and could be considered as a topically applied active anti-androgen for the treatment of androgen-dependent skin disorders, such as acne, androgenetic alopecia, and hirsutism.

  12. English Language Arts Skills and Instruction: Abstracts of Doctoral Dissertations Published in "Dissertation Abstracts International," July through December 1983 (Vol. 44 Nos. 1 through 6).

    Science.gov (United States)

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Urbana, IL.

    This collection of abstracts is part of a continuing series providing information of recent doctoral dissertations. The 18 titles deal with a variety of topics, including the following: (1) spelling as a cognitive-linguistic developmental process; (2) the impact of cursive writing models on spelling achievement; (3) an intelligent…

  13. Interfacing microbiology and biotechnology. Conference abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maupin, Julia A.

    2001-05-19

    The Interfacing Microbiology and Biotechnology Conference was attended by over 100 faculty, post-docs, students, and research scientists from the US, Europe, and Latin America. The conference successfully stimulated communication and the dissemination of knowledge among scientists involved in basic and applied research. The focus of the conference was on microbial physiology and genetics and included sessions on C1 metabolism, archaeal metabolism, proteases and chaperones, gene arrays, and metabolic engineering. The meeting provided the setting for in-depth discussions between scientists who are internationally recognized for their research in these fields. The following objectives were met: (1) The promotion of interaction and future collaborative projects among scientists involved in basic and applied research which incorporates microbial physiology, genetics, and biochemistry; (2) the facilitation of communication of new research findings through seminars, posters, and abstracts; (3 ) the stimulation of enthusiasm and education among participants including graduate and undergraduate students.

  14. Identification of ASAS Ellipsoidal Variables Misclassified as Miscellaneous in VSX (Poster abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, K.; Hoover, C.

    2016-12-01

    (Abstract only) Over 25,000 variable stars found in VSX were classified as miscellaneous by the automated analysis program for ASAS (All Sky Automated Survey) light curve data. As has been demonstrated by other authors, many of these stars can be classified as one of a number of standard variable classes through human analysis. Among the types of variable stars mislabeled as miscellaneous are ellipsoidal variable stars (ELL's). These are close binary systems in which the stars do not eclipse; the changes in brightness are due to the nonspherical shape of the stars. This project identified and then analyzed ELL candidates in the spreadsheet of ASAS "miscellaneous stars," specifically concentrating on early spectral class variables with periods of less than 15 days. ASAS data of the candidates was analyzed using vstar in order to generate phase plots and determine periods. The goal of this project has been to identify ELL's from this sample in order to update the VSX (Variable Star Index). This poster will describe the process used to identify and analyze 540 candidates as well as preliminary results.

  15. Chapter F: Preliminary Bibliography of Lacustrine Diatomite Deposits in the Western United States and Related Topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolm, Karen S.; Wallace, Alan R.; Moyle, Phillip R.; Bliss, James D.; Orris, Greta J.

    2003-01-01

    Introduction As part of the assessment of lacustrine diatomite resources in the Western United States (fig. 1), U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) project members conducted a review of literature relating to the formation, location, and nature of deposits in the study area. This preliminary bibliography consists of selected publications to identify, locate, and describe the deposits to be studied, to characterize common geologic factors about the deposits, and to better understand the factors that control their formation, preservation, or destruction. The bibliography also serves as a resource for other workers to research the topic. References included in the preliminary bibliography were gathered by searching existing bibliographic data bases and library collections. Project researchers also contributed references that they found during the course of their work. This bibliography should be considered a working document that will grow as research and literature searches continue. Clearly, many significant publications may be missing from this preliminary list; therefore, USGS staff members intend to issue a revised bibliography as project work progresses. To assure completeness, input from other researchers and industry is welcome. Although the focus of this bibliography is lacustrine diatomite deposits of the Western United States, additional references that provide a foundation of knowledge for the study of diatomites, diatoms, and diatom-related processes (ecology, geology, geochemistry) and for the uses and behavior of diatomite have also been included. An index of keywords has been added to this bibliography, designed to help the user locate reports by topic or by geographic location. The letter 'A' following a number indicates that the report referenced is an abstract.

  16. When Facts Go Down the Rabbit Hole: Contrasting Features and Objecthood as Indexes to Memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoover, Merrit A.; Richardson, Daniel C.

    2008-01-01

    People will often look to empty, uninformative locations in the world when trying to recall spoken information. This spatial indexing behaviour occurs when the information had previously been associated with those locations. It remains unclear, however, whether this behaviour is an example of a simple association across perceptual and cognitive…

  17. Disciplinarity and sport science in Europe: A statistical and sociological study of ECSS conference abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Champely, Stéphane; Fargier, Patrick; Camy, Jean

    2017-02-01

    Abstracts of European College of Sports Science conferences (1995-2014) are studied. The number of abstracts has been increasing regularly (+90 per year). This rise is in recent years largely due to extra-European countries. The magnitude and accumulation of the different topics of discussion are examined. An operational criterion determines four stages of evolution of a topic: social network, cluster, specialty, and discipline. The scientific production can, therefore, be classified as disciplinary or non-disciplinary. The disciplinary part is more important but has been less dynamic recently. The cognitive content of sport science is then explored through a multidimensional scaling of the topics based on the keywords used in the abstracts. Three areas are visible: social sciences and humanities, sports medicine and physiology, and biomechanics and neurophysiology. According to the field theory of Bourdieu ( 1975 ), three scientific habitus are distinguished. The logic of academic disciplinary excellence is the consequence of the autonomy of this scientific field, its closure, peer-review process, and barriers to entry. The distribution of scientific capital and professional capital is unequal across the three areas. Basically, conservation strategies of academic disciplinary excellence are predicted in biomechanics and neurophysiology, subversion strategies of interdisciplinarity based on professional concerns can appear in the sports medicine and physiology area, and critical strategies of interdisciplinarity based on social utility in social sciences and humanities. Moreover, additional tensions within these areas are depicted. Lastly methods based on co-citations of disciplines and boundary objects are proposed to find tangible patterns of multidisciplinarity confirming these strategies.

  18. Terrestrial ecology in South Africa and South West Africa – project abstracts for 1979

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ecosystems Programmes, Cooperative Scientific Programmes

    1981-05-01

    Full Text Available Brief descriptions of over 200 research projects undertaken during 1979 in South African and South West African terrestrial ecosystems are presented. The abstracts are arranged alphabetically according to author name and a keyword index is provided...

  19. Neomycin, Polymyxin, and Bacitracin Topical

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin combination is used to prevent minor skin injuries such as cuts, scrapes, and burns from becoming infected. Neomycin, polymyxin, and bacitracin are in a class of ...

  20. Impulsivity as a moderator of the associations between child maltreatment types and body mass index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Shaquanna; Mitchell, Tarrah B; Fite, Paula J; Bortolato, Marco

    2017-03-02

    Child maltreatment has emerged as an important risk factor for adult obesity (Danese & Tan, 2014; Hemmingsson et al., 2014). However, there is a need for research delineating the factors that play a role in this association. Impulsivity has been shown to be associated with both child maltreatment (Brodsky et al., 2001) and body mass index (BMI; Cortese et al., 2008; Thamotharan et al., 2013). Further, given previous research showing that adverse events interact with impulsivity to predict hazardous drinking behaviors (Fox et al., 2010), there is reason to hypothesize that child maltreatment might interact with impulsivity to predict other adverse health outcomes, such as elevated BMI. Accordingly, the current study examined whether impulsivity moderated the association between child maltreatment types (i.e., physical abuse, physical neglect, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and emotional neglect) and BMI. The sample was comprised of 500 undergraduate students (49.6% male) between the ages of 18 and 25 years. Regression analyses suggested that maltreatment types and impulsivity were not uniquely associated with BMI. However, impulsivity moderated the association between childhood sexual abuse and adult BMI, such that BMI was highest at high levels of both sexual abuse and impulsivity. Impulsivity did not moderate the associations between the other child maltreatment types and BMI. Limitations, future directions, and clinical implications of this research are discussed.