Sample records for abortion induced

  1. Induced Abortion

    ... I need to follow up with my health care provider after having a medical abortion? You will need to see your health ... This is more likely to happen with a medical abortion. Infection—Your health care provider will prescribe antibiotics to prevent this. Antibiotics also ...

  2. Induced abortion and psychosexuality.

    Bianchi-Demicheli, F; Kulier, R; Perrin, E; Campana, A


    Little information exists on the impact of induced abortion on psychosexuality. Negative psychological effects and psychiatric complications due to termination of pregnancy seem to be rare. The objective of this study was to review the impact of induced abortion on sexuality and couple relationships. A systematic search of the literature was performed. Studies had to report a quantitative or qualitative evaluation of sexuality after pregnancy termination. Four studies were included. In the one prospective study using a control group, no difference in sexual functioning between groups after 1 year was reported. In the remaining observational studies, sexual dysfunction was reported in up to 30% of women after termination. Women undergoing abortion had significantly more conflicts in their partnerships. This was similar in all studies. Separation occurred in about one-quarter of all couples. Some studies report sexual dysfunction after termination of pregnancy. In about half of the couples separated after termination, abortion seemed not to have led to the separation. Psychological factors, together with relationship problems, might have played a role in failed contraception. The impact of induced abortion on sexuality needs to be studied in greater detail with rigorous methodology to draw firm conclusions.

  3. Psychiatric sequelae of induced abortion.

    Gibbons, M


    An attempt is made to identify and document the problems of comparative evaluation of the more recent studies of psychiatric morbidity after abortion and to determine the current consensus so that when the results of the joint RCGP/RCOG study of the sequelae of induced abortion become available they can be viewed in a more informed context. The legalization of abortion has provided more opportunities for studies of subsequent morbidity. New laws have contributed to the changing attitudes of society, and the increasing acceptability of the operation has probably influenced the occurrence of psychiatric sequelae. The complexity of measuring psychiatric sequelae is evident from the many terms used to describe symptomatology and behavioral patterns and from the number of assessment techniques involved. Numerous techniques have been used to quantify psychiatric sequelae. Several authors conclude that few psychiatric problems follow an induced abortion, but many studies were deficient in methodology, material, or length of follow-up. A British study in 1975 reported a favorable outcome for a "representative sample" of 50 National Health Service patients: 68% of these patients had an absence of or only mild feelings of guilt, loss, or self reproach and considered abortion as the best solution to their problem. The 32% who had an adverse outcome reported moderate to severe feelings of guilt, regret, loss, and self reproach, and there was evidence of mental illness. In most of these cases the adverse outcome was related to the patient's environment since the abortion. A follow-up study of 126 women, which compared the overall reaction to therapeutic abortion between women with a history of previous mild psychiatric illness and those without reported that a significantly different emotional reaction could not be demonstrated between the 2 groups. In a survey among women seeking an abortion 271 who were referred for a psychiatric opinion regarding terminations of pregnancy

  4. [Readers' position against induced abortion].


    Replies to the request by the Journal of Nursing on readers' positions against induced abortion indicate there is a definite personal position against induced abortion and the assistance in this procedure. Some writers expressed an emotional "no" against induced abortion. Many quoted arguments from the literature, such as a medical dictionary definition as "a premeditated criminally induced abortion." The largest group of writers quoted from the Bible, the tenor always being: "God made man, he made us with his hands; we have no right to make the decision." People with other philosophies also objected. Theosophical viewpoint considers reincarnation and the law of cause and effect (karma). This philosophy holds that induced abortion impedes the appearance of a reincarnated being. The fundamental question in the abortion problem is, "can the fetus be considered a human life?" The German anatomist Professor E. Bleckschmidt points out that from conception there is human life, hence the fertilized cell can only develop into a human being and is not merely a piece of tissue. Professional nursing interpretation is that nursing action directed towards killing of a human being (unborn child) is against the nature and the essence of the nursing profession. A different opinion states that a nurse cares for patients who have decided for the operation. The nurse doesn't judge but respects the individual's decision. Some proabortion viewpoints considered the endangering of the mother's life by the unborn child, and the case of rape. With the arguments against abortion the question arises how to help the woman with unwanted pregnancy. Psychological counseling is emphasized as well as responsible and careful assistance. Referral to the Society for Protection of the Unborn Child (VBOK) is considered as well as other agencies. Further reader comments on this subject are solicited.

  5. [Induced abortion in China: problems and interventions].

    Wu, Shang-chun; Qiu, Hong-yan


    Pooled literatures showed that the induced abortion in China faces many problems:the number of induced abortion remains large; most cases are young and nulliparity women; the frequency of abortion is high; and the interval between one and another abortion is short. Health promotion strategies should be applied to address these problems. It is important to increase the population's awareness of contraception,especially among nulliparity and migrant populations. Routine and effective contraceptive methods should be recommended and emphasized during induced abortion and delivery to lower the rate of induced abortion.

  6. Induced abortion--a global health problem.

    Odlind, V


    Every year around 500,000 women are estimated to die from pregnancy-related causes, the majority in the developing world and many as a consequence of unsafe abortion. Around 25 per cent of maternal deaths in Asia and 30-50 per cent of maternal deaths in Africa and Latin America occur as a result of induced abortion. Data on abortion related maternal morbidity is less reliable than mortality but suggests that for every maternal death 10-15 women suffer significant pregnancy-related morbidity, i.e. infertility, genito-urinary problems and/or chronic pain. Induced abortion occurs in practically every society in the world but only 40 per cent of the women in the world live in countries where abortion is legally free. A permissive legislation is an important prerequisite for medically safe and early abortion. Oppositely, with a restrictive law, abortion is difficult to obtain, costly and possibly unsafe, in particular to the least affluent women in the society. Induced abortion in a developed country with legal and easy access to services is a safe procedure with hardly any mortality and very low morbidity. The best strategy to reduce the number of unsafe abortions is prevention of unwanted pregnancy. The consequences of unsafe abortion on women's health need to be acknowledged by everybody in the society in order to improve abortion care. It is necessary to adjust legal and other barriers to medically safe abortion in order to follow the declaration at the UN conference on population in Cairo, 1994, which stated that abortion, wherever legal, should be safe. It is also necessary to introduce preventive measures where abortions are performed, i.e. good and easily accessible family planning services.

  7. Is Induced Abortion Really Declining in Armenia?

    Jilozian, Ann; Agadjanian, Victor


    As in other post-Soviet settings, induced abortion has been widely used in Armenia. However, recent national survey data point to a substantial drop in abortion rates with no commensurate increase in modern contraceptive prevalence and no change in fertility levels. We use data from in-depth interviews with women of reproductive age and health providers in rural Armenia to explore possible underreporting of both contraceptive use and abortion. While we find no evidence that women understate their use of modern contraception, the analysis suggests that induced abortion might indeed be underreported. The potential for underreporting is particularly high for sex-selective abortions, for which there is growing public backlash, and medical abortion, a practice that is typically self-administered outside any professional supervision. Possible underreporting of induced abortion calls for refinement of both abortion registration and relevant survey instruments. Better measurement of abortion dynamics is necessary for successful promotion of effective modern contraceptive methods and reduction of unsafe abortion practices.

  8. Uterine contraction induced by Tanzanian plants used to induce abortion

    Nikolajsen, Tine; Nielsen, Frank; Rasch, Vibeke


    Women in Tanzania use plants to induce abortion. It is not known whether the plants have an effect.......Women in Tanzania use plants to induce abortion. It is not known whether the plants have an effect....

  9. Induced Abortion: An Ethical Conundrum for Counselors.

    Millner, Vaughn S.; Hanks, Robert B.


    Induced abortion is one of the most controversial moral issues in American culture, but counselor value struggles regarding abortion are seldom addressed in counseling literature. This article considers the conflictual nature of the ethical principles of autonomy, fidelity, justice, beneficence, and nonmaleficence as they can occur within the…

  10. Prevalence of Abortion and Contraceptive Practice among Women Seeking Repeat Induced Abortion in Western Nigeria


    Background. Induced abortion contributes significantly to maternal mortality in developing countries yet women still seek repeat induced abortion in spite of availability of contraceptive services. The aim of this study is to determine the rate of abortion and contraceptive use among women seeking repeat induced abortion in Western Nigeria. Method. A prospective cross-sectional study utilizing self-administered questionnaires was administered to women seeking abortion in private hospitals/cli...

  11. Preventing infective complications relating to induced abortion.

    Mary, Nirmala; Mahmood, Tahir A


    Infective complications following induced abortions are still a common cause of morbidity and mortality. This review focusses on defining the strategies to improve care of women seeking an induced abortion and to reduce infective complications. We have considered the evidence for screening and cost-effectiveness for antibiotic prophylaxis. Current evidence suggests that treating all women with prophylactic antibiotics in preference to screening and treating is the most cost-effective way of reducing infective complications following induced abortions. The final strategy to prevent infective complications should be individualized for each region/area depending on the prevalence of organisms causing pelvic infections and the resources available.

  12. Induced abortion and subsequent pregnancy duration

    Zhou, Wei Jin; Sørensen, Henrik Toft; Olsen, Jørn


    OBJECTIVE: To examine whether induced abortion influences subsequent pregnancy duration. METHODS: Women who had their first pregnancies during 1980, 1981, and 1982 were identified in three Danish national registries. A total of 15,727 women whose pregnancies were terminated by first-trimester ind......OBJECTIVE: To examine whether induced abortion influences subsequent pregnancy duration. METHODS: Women who had their first pregnancies during 1980, 1981, and 1982 were identified in three Danish national registries. A total of 15,727 women whose pregnancies were terminated by first......-trimester induced abortions were compared with 46,026 whose pregnancies were not terminated by induced abortions. All subsequent pregnancies until 1994 were identified by register linkage. RESULTS: Preterm and post-term singleton live births were more frequent in women with one, two, or more previous induced...... abortions. After adjusting for potential confounders and stratifying by gravidity, the odds ratios of preterm singleton live births in women with one, two, or more previous induced abortions were 1.89 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.70, 2.11), 2.66 (95% CI 2.09, 3.37), and 2.03 (95% CI 1.29, 3...


    Ankara, Hasan Giray


    This study aimed to identify the levels of, and socioeconomic variations in, income-related inequality in induced abortion among Turkish women. The study included 15,480 ever-married women of reproductive age (15-49) from the 2003 and 2008 waves of the Turkish Demographic and Health Survey. The measured inequalities in abortion levels and their changes over time were decomposed into the percentage contributions of selected socioeconomic factors using ordinary least square analysis and concentration indices were calculated. The inequalities and their first difference (difference in inequalities between 2003 and 2008) were decomposed using the approaches of Wagstaff et al. (2003). Higher socioeconomic characteristics (such as higher levels of wealth and education and better neighbourhood) were found to be associated with higher rates of abortion. Inequality analyses indicated that although deprived women become more familiar with abortion over time, abortion was still more concentrated among affluent women in the 2008 survey. The decomposition analyses suggested that wealth, age, education and level of regional development were the most important contributors to income-related inequality in abortion. Therefore policies that (i) increase the level of wealth and education of deprived women, (ii) develop deprived regions of Turkey, (iii) improve knowledge about family planning and, especially (iv) enhance the accessibility of family planning services for deprived and/or rural women, may be beneficial for reducing socioeconomic variations in abortion in the country.

  14. Obstetric performance following an induced abortion.

    Lowit, Alison; Bhattacharya, Sohinee; Bhattacharya, Siladitya


    Abortion has been legalised in most of the Western world for the past four decades. In areas where abortion practices are legal and easy to access, the risk of short-term complications is very low. As most women requesting induced abortion (IA) are young, potential adverse effects on subsequent reproductive function are important to them. This review investigates obstetric performance following IA and highlights methodological problems associated with research in this area. Some data suggest that IA may be linked with an increased risk of low birth weight, miscarriage and placenta previa but could be protective for pre-eclampsia. Current evidence also suggests an association between IA and pre-term birth. Large prospective cohort studies, which permit meaningful subgroup analyses, are needed to provide definitive answers on outcomes following alternative methods of IA and the impact of gestational age at abortion on future obstetric outcomes.

  15. Induced abortion in China and the advances of post abortion family planning service

    Li Ying; Cheng Yi-ming; Huang Na; Guo Xin; Wang Xian-mi


    This is a review of current situation of induced abortion and post abortion family planning service in China. Induced abortion is an important issue in reproductive health. This article reviewed the distribution of induced abortion in various time, areas, and population in China, and explored the character, reason, and harm to reproductive health of induced abortion.Furthermore, this article introduces the concept of Quality of Care Program in Family Planning,and discusses how important and necessary it is to introduce Quality of Care Program in Family Planning to China.

  16. Motherhood and induced abortion among teenagers

    Christoffersen, Mogens

    The study investigates the social background of teenagers before being teenage mothers or having an induced abortion. A discrete-time proportional hazard modelling was used to analyse the longitudinal observations of population-based registers covering all children born in Denmark in 1966...

  17. Induced abortion and placenta complications in the subsequent pregnancy

    Zhou, Wei Jin; Nielsen, Gunnar Lauge; Larsen, Helle


    Background. To study the risk of placenta complications following an induced abortion as a function of the interpregnancy interval. Methods. This study is based on three Danish national registries; the Medical Birth Registry, the Hospital Discharge Registry, and the Induced Abortion Registry. All...... primigravida women from 1980 to 1982 were identified in these three registries. A total of 15,727 women who terminated the pregnancy with a first trimester induced abortion were selected to the abortion cohort, and 46,026 women who did not terminate the pregnancy with an induced abortion constituted...... or the Medical Birth Registry records. Results. A slightly higher risk of placenta complications following an abortion was found. Retained placenta occurred more frequently in women with one, two or more previous abortions, compared with women without any previous abortion of similar gravidity. Adjusting...

  18. Herbal infusions used for induced abortion.

    Ciganda, Carmen; Laborde, Amalia


    Plants and herbs have been used to induce abortions but there is very little published information describing the commonly used ones. The purpose of this report is to describe the herbal products used to induce abortions, and to enhance awareness and understanding of their toxic effects. A descriptive retrospective survey was conducted on the calls received by the Montevideo Poison Centre between 1986 and 1999 concerning the ingestion of herbal infusions with abortive intent. A total of 86 cases involving 30 different plant species were identified. The species most frequently involved were ruda (Ruta chalepensis/graveolens), cola de quirquincho (Lycopodium saururus), parsley (Petroselinum hortense), and an over-the-counter herbal product named Carachipita. The components of Carachipita are pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium), yerba de la perdiz (Margiricarpus pinnatus), oregano (Origanum vulgare), and guaycuri (Statice brasiliensis). Abortion occurred in 23 cases after the ingestion of parsley, ruda, Carachipita, celery, Cedron, francisco alvarez, floripon, espina colorada. Out of the 23 cases, 15 involved the only the ingestion of plants, 4 cases used injected drugs (presumably hormones), and in 4 cases there was associated self-inflicted instrumental manipulation. Multiple organ system failure occurred in those patients who had ingested ruda (alone or in combination with parsley or fennel), Carachipita, arnica, or bardana. Deaths occurred in one case of Carachipita ingestion and in 4 cases of ruda ingestion (2 cases of ruda alone, 2 cases of ruda with parsley and fennel). Self-inflicted instrumental manipulations were found in 4 of the patients with multiple organ system failure and in one of those who died. The results of this report are not conclusive, but it appears that the ingestion of plants to induce abortion involves the risk of severe morbidity and mortality.

  19. Rates of induced abortion in Denmark according to age, previous births and previous abortions

    Marie-Louise H. Hansen


    Full Text Available Background: Whereas the effects of various socio-demographic determinants on a woman's risk of having an abortion are relatively well-documented, less attention has been given to the effect of previous abortions and births. Objective: To study the effect of previous abortions and births on Danish women's risk of an abortion, in addition to a number of demographic and personal characteristics. Data and methods: From the Fertility of Women and Couples Dataset we obtained data on the number of live births and induced abortions by year (1981-2001, age (16-39, county of residence and marital status. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the influence of the explanatory variables on the probability of having an abortion in a relevant year. Main findings and conclusion: A woman's risk of having an abortion increases with the number of previous births and previous abortions. Some interactions were was found in the way a woman's risk of abortion varies with calendar year, age and parity. The risk of an abortion for women with no children decreases while the risk of an abortion for women with children increases over time. Furthermore, the risk of an abortion decreases with age, but relatively more so for women with children compared to childless women. Trends for teenagers are discussed in a separate section.

  20. Prevalence of Abortion and Contraceptive Practice among Women Seeking Repeat Induced Abortion in Western Nigeria

    Mustafa Adelaja Lamina


    Full Text Available Background. Induced abortion contributes significantly to maternal mortality in developing countries yet women still seek repeat induced abortion in spite of availability of contraceptive services. The aim of this study is to determine the rate of abortion and contraceptive use among women seeking repeat induced abortion in Western Nigeria. Method. A prospective cross-sectional study utilizing self-administered questionnaires was administered to women seeking abortion in private hospitals/clinics in four geopolitical areas of Ogun State, Western Nigeria, from January 1 to December 31 2012. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0. Results. The age range for those seeking repeat induced abortion was 15 to 51 years while the median age was 25 years. Of 2934 women seeking an abortion, 23% reported having had one or more previous abortions. Of those who had had more than one abortion, the level of awareness of contraceptives was 91.7% while only 21.5% used a contraceptive at their first intercourse after the procedure; 78.5% of the pregnancies were associated with non-contraceptive use while 17.5% were associated with contraceptive failure. The major reason for non-contraceptive use was fear of side effects. Conclusion. The rate of women seeking repeat abortions is high in Nigeria. The rate of contraceptive use is low while contraceptive failure rate is high.




    In the present study, the effect of electroecupuncture (EA) of acupoints of Ren, Spleen and Stomach Meridians on artificial abortion-induced side effects was observed in 100 artificial abortion women. In comparison with 45 artificial abortion women in the control group (who had not accepted EA treatment), EA possessed significant effects in relieving abdominal pain, reducing vaginal bleeding duration, lowering infection rate and infertility rate after artificial abortion operation.

  2. Abortion - medical

    Therapeutic medical abortion; Elective medical abortion; Induced abortion; Nonsurgical abortion ... A medical, or nonsurgical, abortion can be done within 7 weeks from the first day of the woman's last ...

  3. Induced first-trimester abortion and risk of mental disorder

    Munk-Olsen, Trine; Laursen, Thomas Munk; Pedersen, Carsten B


    Background Concern has been expressed about potential harm to women's mental health in association with having an induced abortion, but it remains unclear whether induced abortion is associated with an increased risk of subsequent psychiatric problems. Methods We conducted a population-based cohort......-trimester induced abortion or a first childbirth during that period. We estimated the rates of first-time psychiatric contact (an inpatient admission or outpatient visit) for any type of mental disorder within the 12 months after the abortion or childbirth as compared with the 9-month period preceding the event....... Results The incidence rates of first psychiatric contact per 1000 person-years among girls and women who had a first abortion were 14.6 (95% confidence interval [CI], 13.7 to 15.6) before abortion and 15.2 (95% CI, 14.4 to 16.1) after abortion. The corresponding rates among girls and women who had a first...

  4. Motherhood and induced abortion among teenagers

    Christoffersen, Mogens


    , and their parents. Analysis locates risk factors and the over all exposure of these risk factors among the total birth cohort. Teenagers coming from high-risk groups had an increased risk of early childbearing. First-time teen pregnancies were associated with parental substance abuse, separation, child abuse...... and neglect, psychiatric disorder, and being in care during childhood. Results show a significant social gradient for teenage pregnancies. The teenage mothers were in a more disadvantaged position than pregnant teenagers who had an induced abortion...

  5. Abortion


    Abortion is not only a sin; it is also a crime as Canon Law describes it. The paper deals with the issue of abortion from the Canon Law's perspective. Not every sin of abortion is at the same time a crime in the legal sense. The paper discusses what the circumstances are to turn the sin of abortion into the crime of abortion. The censure of excommunication is imposed on the individuals who are guilty of the crime of abortion. If there is no crime, there is no excommunication which is attached...

  6. Shared risk aversion in spontaneous and induced abortion

    Catalano, Ralph; Bruckner, Tim A.; Karasek, Deborah


    STUDY QUESTION: Does the incidence of spontaneous abortion correlate positively over conception cohorts with the incidence of non-clinically indicated induced abortion as predicted by shared risk aversion? SUMMARY ANSWER: We find that the number of spontaneous and non-clinically indicated induced...... abortions correlates in conception cohorts, suggesting that risk aversion affects both the conscious and non-conscious mechanisms that control parturition. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Much literature speculates that natural selection conserved risk aversion because the trait enhanced Darwinian fitness. Risk...... and spontaneous abortion over time. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Using data from Denmark, we test the hypothesis that monthly conception cohorts yielding unexpectedly many non-clinically indicated induced abortions also yield unexpectedly many spontaneous abortions. The 180 month test period (January 1995...

  7. Conscientious objection and induced abortion in Europe.

    Heino, Anna; Gissler, Mika; Apter, Dan; Fiala, Christian


    The issue of conscientious objection (CO) arises in healthcare when doctors and nurses refuse to have any involvement in the provision of treatment of certain patients due to their religious or moral beliefs. Most commonly CO is invoked when it comes to induced abortion. Of the EU member states where induced abortion is legal, invoking CO is granted by law in 21 countries. The same applies to the non-EU countries Norway and Switzerland. CO is not legally granted in the EU member states Sweden, Finland, Bulgaria and the Czech Republic. The Icelandic legislation provides no right to CO either. European examples prove that the recommendation that CO should not prevent women from accessing services fails in a number of cases. CO puts women in an unequal position depending on their place of residence, socio-economic status and income. CO should not be presented as a question that relates only to health professionals and their rights. CO mainly concerns women as it has very real consequences for their reproductive health and rights. European countries should assess the laws governing CO and its effects on women's rights. CO should not be used as a subtle method for limiting the legal right to healthcare.

  8. Abortion

    An abortion is a procedure to end a pregnancy. It uses medicine or surgery to remove the embryo or ... personal. If you are thinking of having an abortion, most healthcare providers advise counseling.

  9. Induced abortion among Brazilian female sex workers: a qualitative study

    Alberto Pereira Madeiro


    Full Text Available Prostitutes are vulnerable to unplanned pregnancies and abortions. In Brazil, abortion is a crime and there is no data about unsafe abortions for this population. The study describes how prostitutes perform illegal abortions and the health consequences thereof. Semi-structured interviews with 39 prostitutes from three cities in Brazil with previous induced abortion experience were conducted. Sixty-six abortions, with between one and eight occurrences per woman, were recorded. The majority of the cases resulted from sexual activity with clients. The inconsistent use of condoms with regular clients and the consumption of alcohol during work were indicated as the main causes of unplanned pregnancies. The main method to perform abortion was the intravaginal and oral use of misoprostol, acquired in pharmacies or on the black market. Invasive measures were less frequently reported, however with more serious health complications. The fear of complaint to the police meant that most women do not inform the health team regarding induced abortion. The majority of prostitutes aborted with the use of illegally-acquired misoprostol, ending abortion in a public hospital with infection and hemorrhagic complications. The data indicate the need for a public policy focusing on the reproductive health of prostitutes.

  10. Induced abortion among Brazilian female sex workers: a qualitative study.

    Madeiro, Alberto Pereira; Diniz, Debora


    Prostitutes are vulnerable to unplanned pregnancies and abortions. In Brazil, abortion is a crime and there is no data about unsafe abortions for this population. The study describes how prostitutes perform illegal abortions and the health consequences thereof. Semi-structured interviews with 39 prostitutes from three cities in Brazil with previous induced abortion experience were conducted. Sixty-six abortions, with between one and eight occurrences per woman, were recorded. The majority of the cases resulted from sexual activity with clients. The inconsistent use of condoms with regular clients and the consumption of alcohol during work were indicated as the main causes of unplanned pregnancies. The main method to perform abortion was the intravaginal and oral use of misoprostol, acquired in pharmacies or on the black market. Invasive measures were less frequently reported, however with more serious health complications. The fear of complaint to the police meant that most women do not inform the health team regarding induced abortion. The majority of prostitutes aborted with the use of illegally-acquired misoprostol, ending abortion in a public hospital with infection and hemorrhagic complications. The data indicate the need for a public policy focusing on the reproductive health of prostitutes.

  11. [Second-trimester abortions induced by dinoprost].

    Feldman, J P; Jahier, J; Mavel, A; Kamp, A; Malbranche-Aupècle, M H


    The authors evaluated the usefulness of prostaglandin F2 alpha in inducing second trimester abortions in two consecutive groups of patients. Progressive and fractionated intracervical instillation of 10 ml of Tylose gel containing 10 mg of Prostine F2 alpha is the least traumatic method of uterine evacuation in the majority of cases (18 out of 24 cases). Advantages of this method consist of the ease with which it can be performed, that it may be repeated on subsequent days, and that there have been no serious complications. In case of failure, the authors recommend using an intraamnionic injection (usually performed only once) of 40 mg of Prostine F2 alpha diluted in 20 ml of normal saline solution. This more involved method requires an experienced physician and ultrasonography, but is very effective (31 cases out of 3). Exceptionally, this can be repeated after a several day interval if the initial injection fails (2 out of 3). These methods avoid recourse to surgery (except in the case of uterine scarring) in the induction of second trimester abortions.

  12. Characteristics of Induced Abortion in China in the 1990s

    Xiao-chun QIAO


    Objective To understand the characteristics of induced abortion in China in the 1990s,and to find out the influential factors.Methods The overall number of induced abortions, calculate cohort induced abortion frequency, explore the impact of a child's sex and the number of previous children on induced abortions were estimated by using the data from the "National Population and Reproductive Health Survey" conducted by the National Family Planning Commission in November 1997.Results Induced abortions in China had their own characteristics, which were far different from other countries. The main difference was led by the fact that the country was driven by an implemented family planning program and nationwide population policies. The key cause of induced abortions was due to an inconsistency with the requirements of the family planning policy. However, as a result of effective and prevalent contraception, the rates of induced abortions were not quite high in the 1990s,when compared with other countries. Even though, in the early 1990s, the government had reinforced the family planning program through administration and legislation,unlike during the early 1980s when the one-child policy was implemented, the induced abortion rate and the number of induce abortions did not increase as the fertility rate substantially decreased.Concltsion This finding implies that the fertility declines in the 1990s were not caused by the number of induced abortions. The transition of the fertility ideology of the people has played an important role in the fertility decline, as institutional reform and socioeconomic development are implemented.

  13. Induced abortion and contraception in Italy.

    Spinelli, A; Grandolfo, M E


    This article discusses the legal and epidemiologic status of abortion in Italy, and its relationship to fertility and contraception. Enacted in May 1978, Italy's abortion law allows the operation to be performed during the 1st 90 days of gestation for a broad range of health, social, and psychological reasons. Women under 18 must receive written permission from a parent, guardian, or judge in order to undergo an abortion. The operation is free of charge. Health workers who object to abortion because of religious or moral reasons are exempt from participating. Regional differences exist concerning the availability of abortion, easy to procure in some places and difficult to obtain in others. After an initial increase following legalization, the abortion rate was 13.5/1000 women aged 15-44 and the abortion ratio was 309/1000 live births -- an intermediate rate and ratio compared to other countries. By the time the Abortion Act of 1978 was adopted, Italy already had one of the lowest fertility levels in Europe. Thus, the legalization of abortion has had no impact on fertility trends. Contrary to initial fears that the legalization of abortion would make abortion a method of family planning, 80% of the women who sought an abortion in 1983-88 were using birth control at the time (withdrawal being the most common method used by this group). In fact, most women who undergo abortions are married, between the ages of 25-34, and with at least one child. Evidence indicates widespread ignorance concerning reproduction. In a 1989 survey, only 65% of women could identify the fertile period of the menstrual cycle. Italy has no sex education in schools or national family planning programs. Compared to most of Europe, Italy still has low levels of reliable contraceptive usage. This points to the need to guarantee the availability of abortion.

  14. Contraception and Induced Abortion in the West Indies: A Review

    Boersma, A.A.; Bruijn, de J.G.M.


    Abstract BACKGROUND: Most islands in the West Indies do not have liberal laws on abortion, nor laws on pregnancy prevention programmes (contraception). We present results of a literature review about the attitude of healthcare providers and women toward (emergency) contraception and induced abortion

  15. Do Induced Abortions Affect the First Birth Probability?

    Hansen, Marie-Louise H; Stage, Louise; Knudsen, Lisbeth B.;

    Objective: The focus of this paper is to study, on a national basis, how the event of an induced abortion modifies the transition to first birth for Danish women aged 20-39 years in the period 1982-2001, taking into account also educational level, family situation, and urbanisation. Data and meth......Objective: The focus of this paper is to study, on a national basis, how the event of an induced abortion modifies the transition to first birth for Danish women aged 20-39 years in the period 1982-2001, taking into account also educational level, family situation, and urbanisation. Data...... abortion is examined by cumulative first birth probabilities, derived from a life table analysis. Main findings and conclusion: Previous abortions increased the first birth probability, though this effect was almost entirely confined to single women. For cohabiting and married women, previous abortions had...

  16. [Historical background of the acceptance of induced abortion].

    Obayashi, M


    Japanese attitude toward induced abortion with its historical background is examined. There is a record of induced abortion as early as the beginning of the 12th century. Abortion was practiced frequently as a means of family planning during Edo Period (1603-1867), especially among the poor. Shogunate and feudal lords were aware of the problem but generally acquiesced. Some Buddhist priest preached on the vice of abortion from a humanitarian point of view and suggested that each community should cooperate and regulate the practice. In 1842 Shogunate at last banned induced abortion in the capital, Edo, but left the rest of the country alone. Ironically this practice of voluntary abortion among the poor and the killing of newborns among peasants controlled the size of population of the nation throughout Edo Period, which saw 35 famines and undue taxation on peasants. In 1868 the new government of Meiji announced to have a tight control over midwives who performed abortion in most cases. In modernizing the nation the government advocated enlarged population under the slogan: rich nation with strong soldiers. This trend persisted till the end of World War II. Overpopulation and shortage of food after World War II with soldiers and people from lost colonies returning home prompted Japan to control her population and adopt a eugenic law. It was not until 1970's in the midst of women's liberation movement that Japanese women became aware of their own right to the reproductive aspect of their life. In comparison, in the United States Supreme Court decision in 1973 virtually legalized abortion and each state has responded to it differently. Prior to 1900 induced abortion was accepted as a means of birth control in the United States, and midwives had monopolized that area of medicine. Crusaders of anti-abortion from the turn of the century were not necessarily well publicized Catholics but "licensed" doctors who joined forces in their attempt to shut out midwives from

  17. Analysis of beam loss induced abort kicker instability

    Zhang W.; Sandberg, J.; Ahrens, L.; Fischer, W.; Hahn, H.; Mi, J.; Pai, C.; Tan, Y.


    Through more than a decade of operation, we have noticed the phenomena of beam loss induced kicker instability in the RHIC beam abort systems. In this study, we analyze the short term beam loss before abort kicker pre-fire events and operation conditions before capacitor failures. Beam loss has caused capacitor failures and elevated radiation level concentrated at failed end of capacitor has been observed. We are interested in beam loss induced radiation and heat dissipation in large oil filled capacitors and beam triggered thyratron conduction. We hope the analysis result would lead to better protection of the abort systems and improved stability of the RHIC operation.

  18. Factors associated with induced abortion among women in Hohoe, Ghana.

    Mote, Charity V; Otupiri, Easmon; Hindin, Michelle J


    In Hohoe, Ghana, induced abortion is the second highest cause of hospital admissions. We aimed to describe factors influencing induced abortion among 408 randomly selected women aged 15-49 years. 21% of the women had had an abortion; of those, 36% said they did not want to disrupt their education or employment; 66% of the abortions were performed by doctors. Bivariate logistic regression showed that compared with women with secondary education, women with basic education (OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.18-0.54) and uneducated women (OR = 0.24, 95% CI: 0.07-0.70) were significantly less likely to have had an abortion. Women who were married (OR = 1.83, 95% CI: 1.10-3.04), peri-urban residents (OR = 1.88, 95% CI: 0.95-3.94), and women with formal employment (OR = 2.22, 95% CI: 0.86-5.45) were more likely to have had an abortion. Stakeholders should improve access to effective contraception to lower the chance of needing an abortion and target education programmes at those with unmet need for contraception.

  19. Uterine contraction induced by Ghanaian plants used to induce abortion

    Larsen, Birgitte HV; Soelberg, Jens; Kristiansen, Uffe


    Ethnomedicinal observations from the time of the Atlantic slave trade show women in Ghana historically used plants as emmenagogues (menstruation stimulants) and to induce abortion. This study investigates the effect of four of these plants on uterine contraction. The historically used plants were...... response obtained with acetylcholine. Erythrina senegalensis, Ficus sur and Physalis angulata did not show activity. M. cecropioides can thus be used to induce contractions, which coincides well with the historical and extant use of M. cecropioides as emmenagogue/birth stimulant...

  20. Changes in the determinants of induced abortion in Korea.

    Cho, N H; Ahn, N


    Study results suggested that Korea's family planning program must shift to the promotion of a balanced sex ratio and prevention of induced abortion. The abortion rate increased markedly until the mid-1980s and then stabilized. The number of abortions almost equalled the number of live births. Retrospective data from the 1991 National Fertility and Family Health Survey of Korea were used to examine the determinants of pregnancy outcomes. The sample included 8475 pregnancies at parity 0, 7947 at parity 1, 5358 at parity 2, and 3437 at parity 3 or higher. An interesting finding was that families with 2 girls reported a very high number of spontaneous abortions since 1985: over 10% (41/389). The number of spontaneous abortions among families with 1-2 male children was only 3% (22/718). Among childless parents only 27% of pregnancies were aborted, while among one-child families 46% were aborted and among two-child families 81% were aborted. From before 1975 until after 1985, abortions among childless parents increased from 10% to 30%. This increase was accounted for by the increased number of premarital pregnancies, which were greater among middle and high school graduates. The abortion rate was high for pregnancies occurring at least 8 months before marriage and for pregnancies of more highly educated recent cohorts occurring earlier than 7 months before marriage. The probability of abortion was 3% for cohorts prior to 1974 with one son and 9% for the recent cohort (1985 and later). This shift may reflect a changed preference for smaller families and son preference. About 40% of pregnancies resulted in a live birth among families with 2 daughters in the most recent cohort. The probability of abortion was 33% higher among families with 2 boys in the earliest cohort than families without a son. The effect of education on pregnancy outcome varied with parity and time period. The abortion rate was higher among educated women, which meant less effective contraceptive

  1. Abortion in laboratory animals induced by Moraxella bovis.

    Norman, J O; Elissalde, M H


    Pregnant mice, guinea pigs, rats, and rabbits responded to injections of Moraxella bovis strain EPP-63(300) with abortion, death, embryo resorption, and production of small litters. The nature of response appeared to depend primarily on the number of viable cells injected and to some extent on the species of animal and stage of pregnancy. Intraperitoneal injection of mice with 3 X 10(5) viable cells induced 100% abortion and no deaths. Embryo resorption and smaller litters were induced with injection of lower doses of M. bovis. None of the rats used in this study aborted; however, resorption rates were higher in rats than mice. Bacteria-free filtrates prepared from aqueous extracts of blood agar on which M. bovis had been grown induced abortion in mice and guinea pigs, at a rate similar to that caused by viable cells. The lyophilized filtrate could be diluted to produce 100% abortion with no death of injected mice. Abortion-inducing, nonlethal doses of M. bovis and lyophilized filtrates appeared to have no effect on nonpregnant female or male mice.

  2. Research on lidocaine in the application of induced abortion

    Hai-Tao Tong


    Objective:To observe the effect of lidocaine in the application of induced abortion.Methods:A total of 120 pregnant women with 6-10 week gestational age and ASA I-II level who were volunteered to receive induced abortions from January, 2010 to January, 2013 were included in the study, among which 60 cases were given lidocaine during the operation and served as the observation group, while 60 cases were not given lidocaine during the operation and served as the control group. The heart rate, blood pressure, the change of oxygen saturation, pain, and the occurrence of abortion syndrome before and after operation between the two groups were compared.Results:The fineness rates of analgesia and anesthesia evaluation in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P0.05). The postoperative heart rate and blood pressure in the control group were significantly lower than those before operation and in the observation group with a slow recovery (P0.05). The occurrence rate of abortion syndrome in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusions:Application of lidocaine in the induced abortion can relieve the pain and reduce the occurrence rate of abortion syndrome with a simple and safe operation; therefore, it deserves to be widely recommended.

  3. [The decision process in induced abortion].

    Ytterstad, T S; Tollan, A


    This study describes the pattern of decision as reported by women undergoing elective abortion. The results are based on interviews with 45 of 67 women admitted to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital of Tromsø, during a two month period in 1988. All women had informed, and most often consulted, at least one person before making the decision, usually their partner and/or a female friend. The majority of the persons consulted supported her, whatever her decision. According to the women, they made the women, the final decision themselves. Two women were persuaded by their partner to decide to have an elective abortion.

  4. Contextual determinants of induced abortion: a panel analysis

    Mar Llorente-Marrón


    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE Analyze the contextual and individual characteristics that explain the differences in the induced abortion rate, temporally and territorially. METHODS We conducted an econometric analysis with panel data of the influence of public investment in health and per capita income on induced abortion as well as a measurement of the effect of social and economic factors related to the labor market and reproduction: female employment, immigration, adolescent fertility and marriage rate. The empirical exercise was conducted with a sample of 22 countries in Europe for the 2001-2009 period. RESULTS The great territorial variability of induced abortion was the result of contextual and individual socioeconomic factors. Higher levels of national income and investments in public health reduce its incidence. The following sociodemographic characteristics were also significant regressors of induced abortion: female employment, civil status, migration, and adolescent fertility. CONCLUSIONS Induced abortion responds to sociodemographic patterns, in which the characteristics of each country are essential. The individual and contextual socioeconomic inequalities impact significantly on its incidence. Further research on the relationship between economic growth, labor market, institutions and social norms is required to better understand its transnational variability and to reduce its incidence.

  5. Contextual determinants of induced abortion: a panel analysis

    Llorente-Marrón, Mar; Díaz-Fernández, Montserrat; Méndez-Rodríguez, Paz


    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE Analyze the contextual and individual characteristics that explain the differences in the induced abortion rate, temporally and territorially. METHODS We conducted an econometric analysis with panel data of the influence of public investment in health and per capita income on induced abortion as well as a measurement of the effect of social and economic factors related to the labor market and reproduction: female employment, immigration, adolescent fertility and marriage rate. The empirical exercise was conducted with a sample of 22 countries in Europe for the 2001-2009 period. RESULTS The great territorial variability of induced abortion was the result of contextual and individual socioeconomic factors. Higher levels of national income and investments in public health reduce its incidence. The following sociodemographic characteristics were also significant regressors of induced abortion: female employment, civil status, migration, and adolescent fertility. CONCLUSIONS Induced abortion responds to sociodemographic patterns, in which the characteristics of each country are essential. The individual and contextual socioeconomic inequalities impact significantly on its incidence. Further research on the relationship between economic growth, labor market, institutions and social norms is required to better understand its transnational variability and to reduce its incidence. PMID:27007684

  6. [Female teenager students: what they know about induced abortion complications].

    Correia, Divanise Suruagy; Monteiro, Vera Grácia Neumann; Cavalcante, Jairo Calado; Maia, Eulália Maria Chaves


    This study aimed to identify the knowledge about induced abortion complications and its relation to age. This is a cross-sectional study performed in schools of Maceió, state of Alagoas, Brazil, with students 12 to 19 years old. The sample was calculated considering post-abortion curettage data. The Epi Info computer program was used for data analysis. From 2,592 female adolescents studied 65.64% didn't know about any complications of induced abortion. The most mentioned complications were death and sterility. Clinical manifestations of abortion were wrongly mentioned by them as complications. Signification was found between the knowledge of the complications sterility, hemorrhage, and age. Death was significant fo rgirls under 15 and sterility for the older ones. The conclusion is that female adolescents don't have a correct knowledge of induced abortion complications, which shows the risk suffered by the ones that induce it. Thus, there is a need to further clarify the issue and for sexual education.

  7. Contraceptive practice, unwanted pregnancies and induced abortion in Southwest Nigeria.

    Omideyi, Adekunbi Kehinde; Akinyemi, Akanni Ibukun; Aina, Olabisi Idowu; Adeyemi, Adebanjo Babalola; Fadeyibi, Opeyemi Abiola; Bamiwuye, Samson Olusina; Akinbami, Catherine Abiola; Anazodo, Amechi


    Despite widespread awareness of and access to modern contraception, high rates of unwanted pregnancies and abortions still persist in many parts of the world, even where abortion is legally restricted. This article explores perspectives on contraception and abortion, contraceptive decision-making within relationships, and the management of unplanned pregnancies. It presents findings from an exploratory qualitative study based on 17 in-depth interviews and 6 focus group discussions conducted in 2 locations in Nigeria in 2006. The results suggest that couples do not practice contraception consistently because of perceived side effects and partner objections. Abortion is usually resorted to because pregnancy was unwanted due to incomplete educational attainment, economic hardship, immaturity, close pregnancy interval, and social stigma. Males usually have greater influence in contraceptive-decision making than females. Though induced abortion is negatively viewed in the community, it is still common, and women usually patronise quacks to obtain such services. An abortion experience can change future views and decisions towards contraception. Family planning interventions should include access to and availability of adequate family planning information. Educational campaigns should target males since they play an important role in contraceptive decision-making.

  8. Kernel abortion in maize : I. Carbohydrate concentration patterns and Acid invertase activity of maize kernels induced to abort in vitro.

    Hanft, J M; Jones, R J


    Kernels cultured in vitro were induced to abort by high temperature (35 degrees C) and by culturing six kernels/cob piece. Aborting kernels failed to enter a linear phase of dry mass accumulation and had a final mass that was less than 6% of nonaborting field-grown kernels. Kernels induced to abort by high temperature failed to synthesize starch in the endosperm and had elevated sucrose concentrations and low fructose and glucose concentrations in the pedicel during early growth compared to nonaborting kernels. Kernels induced to abort by high temperature also had much lower pedicel soluble acid invertase activities than did nonaborting kernels. These results suggest that high temperature during the lag phase of kernel growth may impair the process of sucrose unloading in the pedicel by indirectly inhibiting soluble acid invertase activity and prevent starch synthesis in the endosperm. Kernels induced to abort by culturing six kernels/cob piece had reduced pedicel fructose, glucose, and sucrose concentrations compared to kernels from field-grown ears. These aborting kernels also had a lower pedicel soluble acid invertase activity compared to nonaborting kernels from the same cob piece and from field-grown ears. The low invertase activity in pedicel tissue of the aborting kernels was probably caused by a lack of substrate (sucrose) for the invertase to cleave due to the intense competition for available assimilates. In contrast to kernels cultured at 35 degrees C, aborting kernels from cob pieces containing all six kernels accumulated starch in a linear fashion. These results indicate that kernels cultured six/cob piece abort because of an inadequate supply of sugar and are similar to apical kernels from field-grown ears that often abort prior to the onset of linear growth.

  9. Determinants of first and second trimester induced abortion - results from a cross-sectional study taken place 7 years after abortion law revisions in Ethiopia

    Bonnen, K. I.; Tuijje, D. N.; Rasch, V.


    Background: In 2005 Ethiopia took the important step to protect women's reproductive health by liberalizing the abortion law. As a result women were given access to safe pregnancy termination in first and second trimester. This study aims to describe socio-economic characteristics and contraceptive...... experience among women seeking abortion in Jimma, Ethiopia and to describe determinants of second trimester abortion. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted October 2011 - April 2012 in Jimma Town, Ethiopia among women having safely induced abortion and women having unsafely induced abortion. In all 808...... safe abortion cases and 21 unsafe abortion cases were included in the study. Of the 829 abortions, 729 were first trimester and 100 were second trimester abortions. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to determine risk factors associated with second trimester abortion...

  10. Estimating the incidence of induced abortion in Italy.

    Figa'talamanca, I


    This attempts to estimate the incidence of induced abortion in Italy using a number of reproductive models and estimates of contraceptive use and effectiveness. The models of Henry and Metiner are based on assumptions of uncontrolled fertility of all women of reproductive age with single women assumed to be as much at risk as married women. These yield abortion estimates of 2.78-3.64 million a year. The actual situation is probably closer to the method of Larsen, which eliminates single women and women over age 44 but assumes uncontrolled fertility. Surveys have shown that contraceptive use, especially among working-class Italian couples, is irregular and most traditional methods such as coitus interruptus. This method estimates .98 million abortions a year. If the same assumptions are made but corrected for shorter birth intervals, the Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques method, an estimate of 1.45 million is obtained. The Larson method was then modified for 2/3 of all married women using contraception with 60% efficiency, with 30% efficiency, and 2/3 at 30% with 2% using contraception 100% efficiently. These estimates are .22, .60, and .50 million. The method of Tietze and Bongaarts with fertility adjusted to age groups and various assumptions of fertility control gives .96 million abortions in the contraception dominant model, 2.26 million in the abortion dominant model, and .63 million in the abortion used after contraceptive failure model. Actual data on contraceptive usage is unavailable so it is impossible to make an accurate estimate.

  11. Interleukin-15 is required for maximal lipopolysaccharide-induced abortion.

    Lee, Amanda J; Kandiah, Nalaayini; Karimi, Khalil; Clark, David A; Ashkar, Ali A


    The maternal immune response during pregnancy is critical for the survival of the fetus yet can be detrimental during infection and inflammation. Previously, IL-15 has been observed to mediate inflammation during LPS-induced sepsis. Therefore, we sought to determine whether IL-15 mediates the inflammatory process during LPS-induced abortion through the use of IL-15(-/-) and WT mice. Administration of 2.5 μg LPS i.p. on gd 7.5 drastically reduced fetal viability in WT mice, whereas it had a minimal effect on fetal survival in IL-15(-/-) mice. The uteroplacental sites of LPS-treated WT mice were characterized by vast structural degradation and inflammation compared with treated IL-15(-/-) and untreated controls. This suggests that IL-15 may mediate the inflammation responsible for LPS-induced resorption. As IL-15(-/-) mice are deficient in NK cells and resistant to LPS-induced abortion, these effects suggest that IL-15 may mediate abortion through their homeostatic and/or activation effects on NK cells. WT uteroplacental units exposed to LPS had an increase in the overall number and effector number of NK cells compared with their control counterparts. Furthermore, NK cell depletion before administration of LPS in WT mice partially restored fetal viability. Overall, this paper suggests that IL-15 mediates the inflammatory environment during LPS-induced fetal resorption, primarily through its effects on NK cells.

  12. Induced Abortion and the Risk of Tubal Infertility


    Objective To explore the association between induced abortion and tubal infertility in Chengdu, China.Methods A 1 :2 case-control study was designed. Infertile women with bilateral tubal occlusion in the case group compared with two control groups: infertile control group with bilateral tubal patency and pregnant control group with currently pregnancy. Data were collected using questionnaires through face-to-face interviews, covering the subjects' demographic details and histories of gynecology and obstetrics. Adjusted odds ratio was calculated as a measure of the association using stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis.Results Induced abortion was not found to be associated with tubal infertility in the analysis including either the infertile controls or the pregnant controls, but other risk factors were found, such as history of acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), lower abdominal surgeries, dysmenorrhea and pregnancy.Conclusion It is contended that facing an increasing trend of infertile cases with tubal occlusion in China, it is emphasized that special attention should paid to the long term impact of reproductive tract infection, especially, asymptomatic ones, rather than induced abortion.

  13. Historical perspective on induced abortion through the ages and its links with maternal mortality.

    Drife, James Owen


    Abortion is mentioned in ancient medical texts but the effectiveness of the methods described is doubtful. Attitudes varied from apparent disapproval by Hippocrates to open approval in Ancient Rome. In mediaeval times abortion was practised by women in secret and this continued during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Despite being illegal in England induced abortion became more common in Victorian times as the population grew. At the same time the link between criminal abortion and maternal mortality became increasingly clear, and if a woman died after a procedure the abortionist (sometimes a midwife) could be sentenced to death. The law was more tolerant of abortions performed by registered doctors. In the 20th century pressure grew for its legalisation. At the time of the 1967 Abortion Act, abortion was the leading cause of maternal death in the UK but within fifteen years death from illegal abortion had been abolished.

  14. [Epidemiology of induced abortion in Côte d'Ivoire].

    Vroh, Joseph Benie Bi; Tiembre, Issaka; Attoh-Toure, Harvey; Kouadio, Daniel Ekra; Kouakou, Lucien; Coulibaly, Lazare; Kouakou, Hyacinthe Andoh; Tagliante-Saracino, Janine


    The objective of this study was to examine induced abortion in Côte d'Ivoire. A nationwide cross-sectional descriptive study of induced abortion was carried out in 2007 among 3,057 women aged 15-49 years. The study showed that induced abortion is a widespread practice in Côte d'Ivoire, with a prevalence estimated at 42.5%. The women who had undergone an abortion were generally under 25, unmarried, and illiterate, and had used contraception. More than half (52.1%) of all induced abortions were performed at home by traditional abortionists or were self-induced with plants or decoctions. The main reasons for induced abortion were concern about the reaction of parents (27.7%), age (22.2%), a lack of financial resources (21.3%) and the desire of women to continue their education. More than half of the participants (55.8%) stated that they had suffered complications, which were more common after a home abortion than after a hospital abortion. Political and legal measures or reforms aimed at changing abortion laws in Côte d'Ivoire and better access to family planning are required in order to prevent or treat the social issue of induced abortion.

  15. The Back Alley Revisited: Sepsis after Attempted Self-Induced Abortion

    Saultes, Teresa A


    Full Text Available While unsafe abortions have become rare in the United States, the practice persists. We present a 24-year-old female with a 21-week twin gestation who presented to the emergency department with complications of an attempted self-induced abortion. Her complicated clinical course included sepsis, chorioamnionitis, fetal demise, and a total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for complications of endomyometritis. We discuss unsafe abortions, risk factors, and the management of septic abortion. Prompt recognition by the emergency physician and aggressive management of septic abortion is critical to decreasing maternal morbidity and mortality.[West J Emerg Med. 2009;10(4:278-280.

  16. Induced abortion in the Republic of Srpska: Characteristics and impact on mental health

    Niškanović Jelena


    Induced abortion is an important aspect of sexual and reproductive health, with potentially negative impact on physical and emotional health of women. The aim of this paper is to investigate the presence of abortion in our society, characteristics of women who had induced abortion and its impact on mental health. The results presented in this paper are part of the bigger study "Health Status, Health Needs and Utilization of Health Services", which was carri...

  17. "These things are dangerous": Understanding induced abortion trajectories in urban Zambia.

    Coast, Ernestina; Murray, Susan F


    Unsafe abortion is a significant but preventable cause of global maternal mortality and morbidity. Zambia has among the most liberal abortion laws in sub-Saharan Africa, however this alone does not guarantee access to safe abortion, and 30% of maternal mortality is attributable to unsafe procedures. Too little is known about the pathways women take to reach abortion services in such resource-poor settings, or what informs care-seeking behaviours, barriers and delays. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted in 2013 with 112 women who accessed abortion-related care in a Lusaka tertiary government hospital at some point in their pathway. The sample included women seeking safe abortion and also those receiving hospital care following unsafe abortion. We identified a typology of three care-seeking trajectories that ended in the use of hospital services: clinical abortion induced in hospital; clinical abortion initiated elsewhere, with post-abortion care in hospital; and non-clinical abortion initiated elsewhere, with post-abortion care in hospital. Framework analyses of 70 transcripts showed that trajectories to a termination of an unwanted pregnancy can be complex and iterative. Individuals may navigate private and public formal healthcare systems and consult unqualified providers, often trying multiple strategies. We found four major influences on which trajectory a woman followed, as well as the complexity and timing of her trajectory: i) the advice of trusted others ii) perceptions of risk iii) delays in care-seeking and receipt of services and iv) economic cost. Even though abortion is legal in Zambia, girls and women still take significant risks to terminate unwanted pregnancies. Levels of awareness about the legality of abortion and its provision remain low even in urban Zambia, especially among adolescents. Unofficial payments required by some providers can be a major barrier to safe care. Timely access to safe abortion services depends on chance rather

  18. Deaths from injuries and induced abortion among rural Bangladeshi women.

    Fauveau, V; Blanchet, T


    Information about injuries and violence as causes of death of women is scarce and often incomplete, and particularly so regarding women in the rural areas of South Asia. This report provides detailed specific information collected in Matlab, a sub-district of rural Bangladesh. Of 1139 women (aged 15-44 yr) who died there during the 11-yr period from 1976 to 1986, 207 (18%) were victims of unintentional injuries or violence. In this study, unintentional injuries include domestic and traffic accidents, drowning and snake-bites, while violent deaths are defined as due to intentional injury and include homicide, suicide and lethal complications of induced abortion. Injuries and violence accounted for 31% of all deaths among women aged 15-19 yr. This proportion dropped significantly with age to 10% among women aged 35-44 yr. Unmarried women suffered a higher proportion of such deaths (36%) than married women (15%). Violent deaths during pregnancy and complications of induced abortion among young unmarried women deserve special attention. In the male-dominated society under study, suicide and homicide are observed to be two frequent consequences of illegitimate pregnancy. Although this study suffers from the absence of data on non-fatal injuries and attempted violence, it may serve as a basis for recommending preventive measures.

  19. Induced abortion in the Republic of Srpska: Characteristics and impact on mental health

    Niškanović Jelena


    Full Text Available Induced abortion is an important aspect of sexual and reproductive health, with potentially negative impact on physical and emotional health of women. The aim of this paper is to investigate the presence of abortion in our society, characteristics of women who had induced abortion and its impact on mental health. The results presented in this paper are part of the bigger study "Health Status, Health Needs and Utilization of Health Services", which was carried out in Republic of Srpska during 2010. Survey covered 1042 women age from 18 to 49. A standardized set of instruments in the field of sexual-reproductive and mental health (NHS, EUROHIS, ECHIM was applied. Results indicate that 28.8 % of women had induced abortion, while nearly half of them (48.2% had more than one abortion in their life. Induced abortion is more common among women over 38 years who already have children (97.1% and live in rural parts of country (61.7%. Abortion is mostly preferred method of birth control among married woman (88.6%, woman with secondary school (64.5%, but is equally present among employed or unemployed woman and housewife's (around 1/3. There was a statistically significant but low correlation between current life satisfaction, mental health and induced abortion (F=8.0, p=0.000; Wilks' lambda =0.97; partial Eta-squared=0.03. More precisely, women who have had abortions have expressed higher levels of stress, lower levels of vitality, and were less satisfied with present life compared to those who did not have an abortion. High rates of induced abortion are present in Balkans countries for a long time (Rašević, 1994: 86; Rašević, 2011: 3. Higher rates of abortion, compared to the European Union and western neighbors, raises the question of presence of "abortion culture" (Rasevic and Sedlecki, 2011: 4. Abortion culture is the conse-quence of frequent use of traditional method of contraception (coitus interruptus in combination with low availability of

  20. [No increase in medical consumption in general practice after induced abortion

    Kooistra, P.A.; Vastbinder, M.B.; Lagro-Janssen, A.L.M.


    OBJECTIVE: To compare medical consumption in general practice between women who underwent an induced abortion and women who did not. DESIGN: Historical cohort study. METHOD: We selected 19o women who underwent an induced abortion in the period 1975-2004 and 145 control patients. Women were selected

  1. Induced Abortion and Women’s Reproductive Health in India

    Sutapa Agrawal


    Full Text Available Despite the intensive national campaign for safe motherhood and legalization of induced abortion (IA, morbidity from abortion has remained a serious problem for Indian women. This study examined the consequences of IA on women’s reproductive health. Analysis used data of 90,303 ever-married women age 15-49 years, included in India’s second National Family Health Survey (NFHS-2, 1998-99. Binary logistic regression methods were used to examine the consequences of IA on women’s reproductive health. Independent of other factors, the likelihood of experiencing any reproductive health problems was 1.5 times higher (OR,1.46;95%CI,1.33-1.60;P<0.001 among women who had one IA and 1.9 times higher (OR,1.85;95%CI,1.52-2.27;P<0.001 among women who had two or more IA compared to women with no history of IA. Study suggests that IA may have negative consequences for women’s reproductive health.

  2. Trends in inequalities in induced abortion according to educational level among urban women.

    Pérez, Gloria; García-Subirats, Irene; Rodríguez-Sanz, Maica; Díez, Elia; Borrell, Carme


    This study aims to describe trends in inequalities by women's socioeconomic position and age in induced abortion in Barcelona (Spain) over 1992-1996 and 2000-2004. Induced abortions occurring in residents in Barcelona aged 20 and 44 years in the study period are included. Variables are age, educational level, and time periods. Induced abortion rates per 1,000 women and absolute differences for educational level, age, and time period are calculated. Poisson regression models are fitted to obtain the relative risk (RR) for trends. Induced abortion rates increased from 10.1 to 14.6 per 1,000 women aged 20-44 (RR = 1.44; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.41-1.47) between 1992-1996 and 2000-2004. The abortion rate was highest among women aged 20-24 and 25-34 and changed little among women aged 35-44. Among women aged 20-24 and 25-34, those with a primary education or less had higher rates of induced abortion in the second period. Induced abortion rates also grew in those women with secondary education. In the 35-44 age group, the induced abortion rate declined among women with a secondary education (RR = 0.66; 95% CI 0.60-0.73) and slightly among those with a greater level of education. Induced abortion is rising most among women in poor socioeconomic positions. This study reveals deep inequalities in induced abortion in Barcelona, Spain. The trends identified in this study suggest that policy efforts to reduce unintended pregnancies are failing in Spain. Our study fills an important gap in literature on recent trends in Southern Europe.

  3. Self-reports of induced abortion: an empathetic setting can improve the quality of data

    Rasch, V; Muhammad, H; Urassa, E;


    OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the proportion of incomplete abortions that are induced in hospital-based settings in Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted in 2 phases at 3 hospitals in Tanzania. Phase 1 included 302 patients with a diagnosis of incomplete abortion......, and phase 2 included 823 such patients. RESULTS: In phase 1, in which cases were classified by clinical criteria and information from the patient, 3.9% to 16.1% of the cases were classified as induced abortion. In phase 2, in which the structured interview was changed to an empathetic dialogue...... and previously used clinical criteria were omitted, 30.9% to 60.0% of the cases were classified as induced abortion. CONCLUSIONS: An empathetic dialogue improves the quality of data collected among women with induced abortion....

  4. Hospital admission following induced abortion in Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea--a descriptive study.

    Lisa M Vallely

    Full Text Available In Papua New Guinea abortion is restricted under the Criminal Code Act. While safe abortions should available in certain situations, frequently they are not available to the majority of women. Sepsis from unsafe abortion is a leading cause of maternal mortality. Our findings form part of a wider, mixed methods study designed to identify complications requiring hospital treatment for post abortion care and to explore the circumstances surrounding unsafe abortion.Through a six month prospective study we identified all women presenting to the Eastern Highlands Provincial Hospital following spontaneous and induced abortions. We undertook semi-structured interviews with women and reviewed individual case notes, extracting demographic and clinical information.Case notes were reviewed for 56% (67/119 of women presenting for post abortion care. At least 24% (28/119 of these admissions were due to induced abortion. Women presenting following induced abortions were significantly more likely to be younger, single, in education at the time of the abortion and report that the baby was unplanned and unwanted, compared to those reporting spontaneous abortion. Obtained illegally, misoprostol was the method most frequently used to end the pregnancy. Physical and mechanical means and traditional herbs were also widely reported.In a country with a low contraceptive prevalence rate and high unmet need for family planning, all reproductive age women need access to contraceptive information and services to avoid, postpone or space pregnancies. In the absence of this, women are resorting to unsafe means to end an unwanted pregnancy, putting their lives at risk and putting an increased strain on an already struggling health system. Women in this setting need access to safe, effective means of abortion.

  5. Induced abortion and associated factors in health facilities of Guraghe zone, southern Ethiopia.

    Tesfaye, Gezahegn; Hambisa, Mitiku Teshome; Semahegn, Agumasie


    Unsafe abortion is one of the major medical and public health problems in developing countries including Ethiopia. However, there is a lack of up-to-date and reliable information on induced abortion distribution and its determinant factors in the country. This study was intended to assess induced abortion and associated factors in health facilities of Guraghe zone, Southern Ethiopia. Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted in eight health facilities in Guraghe zone. Client exit interview was conducted on 400 patients using a structured questionnaire. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with induced abortion. Out of 400 women, 75.5% responded that the current pregnancy that ended in abortion is unwanted. However, only 12.3% of the respondents have admitted interference to the current pregnancy. Having more than four pregnancies (AOR = 4.28, CI: (1.24-14.71)), age of 30-34 years (AOR = 0.15, CI: (0.04-0.55)), primary education (AOR = 0.26, CI: (0.13-0.88)), and wanted pregnancy (AOR = 0.44, CI: (0.14-0.65)) were found to have association with induced abortion. The study revealed high level of induced abortion which is underpinned by high magnitude of unwanted pregnancy. There is requirement for widespread expansion of increased access to high quality family planning service and post-abortion care.

  6. Induced abortion patterns and determinants among married women in China: 1979 to 2010.

    Wang, Cuntong


    China has launched the one-child policy to control its rapidly expanding population since 1979. Local governments, tasked with limiting regional birth rates, commonly imposed induced abortions. After 1994, China's family planning policy was relatively loosened and mandatory induced abortion gradually gave way to client-centered and informed-choice contraceptive policy and the "Compensation" Fee policy. This study assesses trends in and determinants of induced abortion among married women aged 20-49 in China from 1979 to 2010, using data from national statistics and nationally representative sample surveys. The incidence of induced abortions among married women aged 20-49 began to decrease in the mid-1990s. The induced abortion rate reached its highest level in the early 1980s (56.07%) and its lowest level in the 2000s (18.04%), with an average annual rate of 28.95% among married women 20-49 years old. The likelihood of a pregnant woman undergoing an induced abortion during this period depended not only on individual characteristics (including ethnicity, age, education level, household registration, number of children, and sex of children), but also on the stringency of the family planning policy in place. The less stringent the family planning policy, the less likely married women were to undergo an induced abortion.

  7. Prostaglandin-induced abortion in swine: endocrine changes and influence on subsequent reproductive activity.

    Pressing, A L; Dial, G D; Stroud, C M; Almond, G W; Robison, O W


    Gilts were treated during midgestation with prostaglandin (PG) F to study the efficacy of different treatment regimens on induction of abortion and to determine the adverse consequences of PGF-induced abortion in swine. In study 1, pregnant purebred Duroc gilts (60 to 90 days of gestation) were given (IM) 500 micrograms of cloprostenol (n = 12), 20 mg of dinoprost tromethamine (n = 11), or 10 mg of dinoprost tromethamine repeated 12 hours later by an additional 10 mg of dinoprost tromethamine (n = 11). The percentage of gilts that aborted and percentage of aborted gilts that returned to estrus for each treatment group were as follows: cloprostenol, 91.7% and 100%, respectively; 20 mg of dinoprost tromethamine, 36.4% and 25.0%, respectively; and 10 + 10 mg of dinoprost tromethamine, 100% and 90.9%, respectively. Treatment with cloprostenol and with 10 + 10 mg of dinoprost tromethamine caused more gilts to abort (P less than 0.01) than did treatment with 20 mg of dinoprost tromethamine. Gilts that did not abort were given a second treatment with 10 + 10 mg of dinoprost tromethamine. When the abortions by gilts initially treated with 500 micrograms of cloprostenol or 10 + 10 mg of dinoprost tromethamine were combined with those re-treated with 10 + 10 mg of dinoprost tromethamine, 32 of 33 (97.0%) gilts aborted, and 30 of the 32 (93.8%) aborted gilts returned to estrus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  8. Sexual history and contraception among women with induced and spontaneous abortion in Dar es Salaam

    Rasch, V; Mary, V; Urassa, E;


    The objective of this study was to create sexual history profiles of women with illegally induced abortion (IA) and women with spontaneous abortion (SA) and describe the women's knowledge of, attitude to, and practice of contraception. The study was carried out in two settings, Temeke District...... the rate of ever users of contraception was low in both groups, although significantly lower among IA women than among SA women. Outcome of first pregnancy had been an induced abortion in significantly higher proportion of IA than of SA women. In conclusion, sexual intercourse before marriage is common...

  9. Contraceptive attitudes and contraceptive failure among women requesting induced abortion in Denmark

    Rasch, Vibeke; Knudsen, Lisbeth B.; Gammeltoft, Tine;


    Objective: To elucidate how contraceptive attitudes among Danish-born and immigrant women influence the request of induced abortion. Method: A case-control study, the case group comprising 1,095 Danish-born women and 233 immigrant women requesting abortion, in comparison with a control group of 1......,295 pregnant women intending to give birth. Results: Lack of contraceptive knowledge and experience of contraceptive problems were associated with the choice of abortion. This association was most pronounced among immigrant women, where women lacking knowledge had a six-fold increased OR and women having...... experienced problems a five-fold increased OR for requesting abortion. Further, in this group of women, a partner's negative attitude toward contraception was associated with an eight-fold increased OR for requesting abortion. Contraceptive failure was prevalent; 21% of the women who did not plan to become...

  10. Contraceptive attitudes and contraceptive failure among women requesting induced abortion in Denmark

    Rasch, Vibeke; Knudsen, L B; Gammeltoft, T;


    BACKGROUND: To elucidate how contraceptive attitudes among Danish-born and immigrant women influence the request of induced abortion. METHODS: A case-control study, the case group comprising 1095 Danish-born women and 233 immigrant women requesting abortion, in comparison with a control group...... of 1295 pregnant women intending to give birth. The analysis used hospital-based questionnaire interviews. RESULTS: Lack of contraceptive knowledge and experience of contraceptive problems were associated with the choice of abortion. This association was most pronounced among immigrant women, where women...... lacking knowledge had a 6-fold increased odds ratio (OR) and women having experienced problems a 5-fold increased OR for requesting abortion. Further, in this group of women, a partner's negative attitude towards contraception was associated with an 8-fold increased OR for requesting abortion...

  11. 无痛人工流产和传统人工流产术式选择对重复流产的影响%Influence of Painless Induced Abortion and Traditional Induced Abortion on Repeat Abortion



    目的:研究无痛人工流产和传统人工流产术式选择对重复流产的影响。方法:选择2011年6-12月在本院妇产科要求行人工流产术妇女共180例(无痛人工流产100例、传统人工流产80例)进行跟踪调查一年。调查内容涉及是否有重复流产,前后两次流产心理状态等。结果:前次行无痛人工流产者重复流产率明显高于传统人工流产组(P<0.05),两组半年内重复流产及前后两次流产的心理状态差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:无痛人工流产术虽然解决了术中妇女疼痛问题,但术后存在重复流产率较高的问题,在强调优质流产后计划生育服务时应着重于对无痛人工流产者的术后主动宣教,进行面对面咨询并提供辅助资料、免费药具,以及要求男伴参与,必要时转诊等。%Objective:To study the influence of painless artificial abortion and the traditional artificial abortion on repeat abortion. Method:From June to December 2011,a total of 180 cases of induced abortion women(100 cases of painless artificial abortion and 80 cases of traditional abortion)in the hospital maternity line were selected and followed up one year. The investigation related to whether there was a repeat abortion,both before and after the abortion mental state. Result:Repeat abortion rate of previous painless artificial abortion group was significantly higher than that of the traditional artificial abortion group(P<0.05),significant difference existed before and after six months of repeated abortion and two abortion mental state. Conclusion:Although induced abortion surgery pain problems for women,but duplicate after the higher abortion rate,the emphasis on quality abortion family planning services should focus on postoperative induced abortion initiative education,face-to-face consultation,and provide supporting information,free contraceptives,and the requirements of the male partner to

  12. Factors related to induced abortion among young women in Edo State, Nigeria.

    Murray, Nancy; Winfrey, William; Chatterji, Minki; Moreland, Scott; Dougherty, Leanne; Okonofua, Friday


    Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest death rate from induced abortion in the world, and young women in southern Nigeria are particularly likely to terminate their pregnancies. This study assesses the prevalence of and factors associated with induced abortion among 602 young women aged 15-24 who were surveyed in Edo State, Nigeria, in 2002. We find that 41 percent of all pregnancies reported by the young women surveyed were terminated, and we estimate the age-specific abortion rate for 15-19-year-olds in Edo State at 49 abortions per 1,000 women, which is slightly higher than previous local estimates and nearly double the countrywide estimate for women aged 15-49. We construct explanatory multivariate models to predict the likelihood that a young woman has experienced sexual intercourse, has become pregnant, and has undergone an induced abortion, controlling for important demographic and risk-behavior factors. Young women unmarried at the time of the interview are found to be significantly more likely than married women to have had an abortion. Young women who have experienced transactional or forced sex are also significantly more likely to report ever having had an abortion, as are young women who have experienced more than one pregnancy. We conclude with suggestions for modifying the content and target populations of behavioral change messages and programs in the area.

  13. Induced abortion and duration of third stage labour in a subsequent pregnancy

    Zhou, Wei Jin; Gao, E; Che, Y


    We set out to evaluate the impact of first trimester induced abortion on the duration of third stage labour and related complications in a subsequent pregnancy. The study was conducted in Shanghai city at 15 general hospitals (or maternity and infant health institutes) from November 1993 to March...... that a history of one or more first trimester induced abortions was related to an increased risk of prolonged third stage labour in the following pregnancy, particularly if the induced abortion was performed after 49 days of gestation.......We set out to evaluate the impact of first trimester induced abortion on the duration of third stage labour and related complications in a subsequent pregnancy. The study was conducted in Shanghai city at 15 general hospitals (or maternity and infant health institutes) from November 1993 to March...... stage labour in minutes was longer in women with one or more previous induced abortions (mean=7.32 minutes) compared with primigravid women (mean=6.79 minutes). Prolonged third stage labour (>30 minutes) following one or more induced abortions was seen for 3.4% versus 1.0% in primigravid women. After...

  14. Environmental stress alters genes expression and induces ovule abortion: reactive oxygen species appear as ovules commit to abort.

    Sun, Kelian; Cui, Yuehua; Hauser, Bernard A


    Environmental stress dramatically reduces plant reproduction. Previous results showed that placing roots in 200 mM NaCl for 12 h caused 90% of the developing Arabidopsis ovules to abort (Sun et al. in Plant Physiol 135:2358-2367, 2004). To discover the molecular responses that occur during ovule abortion, gene expression was monitored using Affymetrix 24k genome arrays. Transcript levels were measured in pistils that were stressed for 6, 12, 18, and 24 h, then compared with the levels in healthy pistils. Over the course of this experiment, a total of 535 salt-responsive genes were identified. Cluster analysis showed that differentially expressed genes exhibited reproducible changes in expression. The expression of 65 transcription factors, some of which are known to be involved in stress responses, were modulated during ovule abortion. In flowers, salt stress led to a 30-fold increase in Na+ ions and modest, but significant, decreases in the accumulation of other ions. The expression of cation exchangers and ion transporters were induced, presumably to reestablish ion homeostasis following salt stress. Genes that encode enzymes that detoxify reactive oxygen species (ROS), including ascorbate peroxidase and peroxidase, were downregulated after ovules committed to abort. These changes in gene expression coincided with the synthesis of ROS in female gametophytes. One day after salt stress, ROS spread from the gametophytes to the maternal chalaza and integuments. In addition, genes encoding proteins that regulate ethylene responses, including ethylene biosynthesis, ethylene signal transduction and ethylene-responsive transcription factors, were upregulated after stress. Hypotheses are proposed on the basis of this expression analysis, which will be evaluated further in future experiments.

  15. Reasons and meanings attributed by women who experienced induced abortion: an integrative review

    Sandra Elisa Sell


    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE Identifying the contribution of developed research on what motivates women to induce an abortion and the meaning attributed to these experiences in their lives. METHOD An integrative review conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS, BDENF, CINAHL and SciELO databases, covering the periods from 2001 to 2011. RESULTS We selected and analyzed 11 studies with selection criteria being reasons given by women for inducing abortion and/or the meaning attributed to this experience in their lives, including social, religious, ethical and moral aspects related to this practice, as well as the suffering experienced from the experience. The illegality of abortion is identified as a risk factor for unsafe abortions, reaffirming this issue as a public health and social justice problem. CONCLUSION Results evidence aspects that can contribute to improving health quality and ratify the importance of research to support nursing practices.

  16. Induced abortion and prematurity in a subsequent pregnancy: a study from Shanghai

    Che, Yan; Zhou, Wei Jin; Gao, Ersheng;


    To evaluate the impact of a first trimester induced abortion on the risks of low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth in a subsequent pregnancy we conducted a pregnancy-based cohort study in Shanghai, China with recruitment from 15 general hospitals (or maternity and infant health institutes) from...... November 1993 to March 1998. Pregnant women with a history of induced abortion entered the abortion cohort and a reference cohort was established among women without such a history. All the subjects were enrolled before 64 days of gestation and interviewed five times until 42 days after delivery. Only...... singleton live births were analysed in this study. A total of 2953 pregnant women were enrolled and 2707 gave birth to live singletons. The overall incidence of LBW was 1·7%, 2·0% in the abortion cohort and 1·4% in the reference cohort. After controlling the potential confounders using logistic regression...

  17. An Epidemiological Study of Leptospira-Induced Abortion in Mares in Central Kentucky (1990-2004)


    effects of temperature, precipitation, and naturally occurring water location on equine leptospiral abortions . It is important, therefore, to look at...precipitation and that the two act in tandem to cause the effect . As mentioned earlier, the most likely cause of death of a leptospire in the natural...EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF LEPTOSPIRA-INDUCED ABORTION IN MARES IN CENTRAL KENTUCKY (1990-2004) 6. AUTHOR(S) CAPT HALL DAVID C 7. PERFORMING

  18. Unintended pregnancy and induced abortion among unmarried women in China: a systematic review

    Garner Paul


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Until recently, premarital examination for both men and women was a legal requirement before marriage in China. Researchers have carried out surveys of attendees' sexual activity, pregnancy and abortion before their marriages, trying to map out reproductive health needs in China, according to this unique population-based data. To systematically identify, appraise and summarise all available studies documenting pregnancy and induced abortion among unmarried Chinese women attending premarital examinations. Methods We searched the Chinese Biomedical Literature Index from 1978 to 2002; PUBMED; and EMBASE. Trials were assessed and data extracted by two people independently. Results Nine studies, of which seven were conducted in the urban areas, one in the rural areas, and one in both urban and rural areas, met the inclusion criteria. In the seven studies in urban areas, the majority of unmarried women had experienced sexual intercourse, with estimates ranging from 54% to 82% in five studies. Estimates of a previous pregnancy ranged from 12% to 32%. Abortion rates were high, ranging between 11 to 55% in 8 studies reporting this, which exclude the one rural study. In the three studies reporting both pregnancy and abortion, most women who had become pregnant had an induced abortion (range 86% to 96%. One large rural study documented a lower low pregnancy rate (20% and induced abortion rate (0.8%. Conclusions There is a large unmet need for temporary methods of contraception in urban areas of China.

  19. The dynamic relationship between low birthweight and induced abortion in New York City. An aggregate time-series analysis.

    Joyce, T; Grossman, M


    We use a vector autoregression to examine the dynamic relationship between the race-specific percentage of pregnancies terminated by induced abortion and the race-specific percentage of low-birthweight births in New York City. With monthly data beginning in 1972, we find that induced abortion explains low birthweight for blacks, but not for whites. There is no evidence of feedback from low birthweight to induced abortion. The findings suggest that unanticipated decreases in the percentage of pregnancies terminated by induced abortion would worsen birth outcomes among blacks in New York City.

  20. Induced abortion among HIV-positive women in Northern Vietnam

    Chi, Bui Kim; Hanh, Nguye Thi Thuy; Rasch, Vibeke


    an abortion after being diagnosed as HIV-positive, exploring their reflections, concerns and dilemmas. The results show that the HIV-positive pregnant women sought to balance their desires for a child with their worries of being unable to fulfill their responsibilities as mothers. Even while strongly desiring...

  1. [Pregnancy termination in Bulgaria – past, present and future perspectives. Drugs induced abortion – guidelines by WHO].

    Marinov, B; Andreeva, A


    There are still too many unsafe abortions performed worldwide. Together with the efforts to reduce the abortion by choice, we note a rise in the need for mid trimester pregnancy termination for medical reasons. The article looks at the past present and future perspective of the abortion as a procedure in Bulgaria. States the fact that medical abortion is officially not widely performed. We reckon that with the existing guidelines by WHO and with Mifepriston and Misoprostol recently registered in Bulgaria, it is time for the medical abortion to become part of the clinical practice in Bulgaria. We believe that early medical abortion as well as mid trimester induced abortion is and adequate if not better alternative to the existing in Bulgaria procedures.

  2. Exploring the relationship between induced abortion and HIV infection in Brazil.

    Barbosa, Regina M; Pinho, Adriana A; Santos, Naila S; Villela, Wilza V


    The impact of HIV on the decision to interrupt pregnancy remains an understudied topic in Brazil and the world. The technical means to implement HIV prevention and treatment interventions are widely available in Brazil. Although Brazil has restrictive abortion laws, induced abortion occurs frequently. This qualitative study investigates the extent to which Brazilian women are motivated to seek abortion as a consequence of having HIV disease, and the extent to which the decision is part of a larger reproductive decision-making context. Researchers interviewed 30 women who were living with HIV and had terminated pregnancies or attempted to do so. Many women identified their HIV status as an important aspect of their decision-making regarding abortion. Women also took into account issues such as the stage of life when the pregnancy occurred and the absence of support from partners and families. Contraceptive practices, pregnancy and abortion in this population are influenced by multiple factors that act on the structural, social, interpersonal and individual levels. We hypothesize that HIV infection and abortion are sometimes associated with similar contexts of vulnerability. Health services therefore should address HIV and reproductive issues together, with reproductive and sexual rights serving as the fundamental basis of health care.

  3. Prevention of infection after induced abortion: release date October 2010: SFP guideline 20102.

    Achilles, Sharon L; Reeves, Matthew F


    One known complication of induced abortion is upper genital tract infection, which is relatively uncommon in the current era of safe, legal abortion. Currently, rates of upper genital tract infection in the setting of legal induced abortion in the United States are generally less than 1%. Randomized controlled trials support the use of prophylactic antibiotics for surgical abortion in the first trimester. For medical abortion, treatment-dose antibiotics may lower the risk of serious infection. However, the number-needed-to-treat is high. Consequently, the balance of risk and benefits warrants further investigation. Perioperative oral doxycycline given up to 12 h before a surgical abortion appears to effectively reduce infectious risk. Antibiotics that are continued after the procedure for extended durations meet the definition for a treatment regimen rather than a prophylactic regimen. Prophylactic efficacy of antibiotics begun after abortion has not been demonstrated in controlled trials. Thus, the current evidence supports pre-procedure but not post-procedure antibiotics for the purpose of prophylaxis. No controlled studies have examined the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis for induced surgical abortion beyond 15 weeks of gestation. The risk of infection is not altered when an intrauterine device is inserted immediately post-procedure. The presence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae or acute cervicitis carries a significant risk of upper genital tract infection; this risk is significantly reduced with antibiotic prophylaxis. Women with bacterial vaginosis (BV) also have an elevated risk of post-procedural infection as compared with women without BV; however, additional prophylactic antibiotics for women with known BV has not been shown to reduce their risk further than with use of typical pre-procedure antibiotic prophylaxis. Accordingly, evidence to support pre-procedure screening for BV is lacking. Neither povidone-iodine nor chlorhexidine have

  4. [Induced abortion: a comparison between married and single women residing in the city of São Paulo in 2008].

    de Souza e Silva, Rebeca; Andreoni, Solange


    The scope of this study was to evaluate the association between having had an induced abortion and marital status (being single or legally married) in women residing in the city of São Paulo. This analysis is derived from a broader population survey on abortion conducted in 2008. In this study we focus on the subset of 389 single and legally married women between 15 and 49 years of age. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between induced abortion and being single or married, monitoring age, education, income, number of live births, contraceptive use and acceptance of the practice of abortion. Being single was the only characteristic associated with having had an induced abortion, in other words, when faced with a pregnancy single women were four times more likely to have an abortion than married women (OR=3.9; p=0.009).

  5. Induced abortion, pregnancy loss and intimate partner violence in Tanzania: a population based study

    Stöckl Heidi


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Violence by an intimate partner is increasingly recognized as an important public and reproductive health issue. The aim of this study is to investigate the extent to which physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence is associated with induced abortion and pregnancy loss from other causes and to compare this with other, more commonly recognized explanatory factors. Methods This study analyzes the data of the Tanzania section of the WHO Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence, a large population-based cross-sectional survey of women of reproductive age in Dar es Salaam and Mbeya, Tanzania, conducted from 2001 to 2002. All women who answered positively to at least one of the questions about specific acts of physical or sexual violence committed by a partner towards her at any point in her life were considered to have experienced intimate partner violence. Associations between self reported induced abortion and pregnancy loss with intimate partner violence were analysed using multiple regression models. Results Lifetime physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence was reported by 41% and 56% of ever partnered, ever pregnant women in Dar es Salaam and Mbeya respectively. Among the ever pregnant, ever partnered women, 23% experienced involuntary pregnancy loss, while 7% reported induced abortion. Even after adjusting for other explanatory factors, women who experienced intimate partner violence were 1.6 (95%CI: 1.06,1.60 times more likely to report an pregnancy loss and 1.9 (95%CI: 1.30,2.89 times more likely to report an induced abortion. Intimate partner violence had a stronger influence on induced abortion and pregnancy loss than women's age, socio-economic status, and number of live born children. Conclusions Intimate partner violence is likely to be an important influence on levels of induced abortion and pregnancy loss in Tanzania. Preventing intimate partner violence may therefore be beneficial

  6. Living conditions, contraceptive use and the choice of induced abortion among pregnant women in Denmark

    Rasch, Vibeke; Wielandt, Hanne; Knudsen, Lisbeth B.


    AIMS: This study describes women with induced abortion and thereby elucidates how living conditions and contraceptive failure are associated with the choice of induced abortion in a population of Danish pregnant women. METHODS: The study population consisted of pregnant women attending Odense......, number of children, partner relationship, education, occupation, economical situation, and contraceptive use. RESULTS: Being single, aged 15-24 or 35 and above, having either no children or two or more children, and the experience of contraceptive failure were parameters which were associated...

  7. [Induced abortion--clinical problems, regulatory gaps, chaos. How much longer?].

    Andreeva, A; Marinov, B; Tzankova, M


    Induced abortion is becoming more and more frequent in the contemporary clinical practice. Usually these are pregnant women with diagnosed foetal malformations. Most of them reach a final diagnose in the late second trimester and hence need a pregnancy termination at this gestational age. They are treated in accordance with The Artificial Pregnancy Termination Regulations and put on N 142 clinical-care pathway. The presentation describes the patients' journey form the diagnose through the induced abortion and to the discharge. Analyses the regulations, the multiple inaccuracies and striking omissions with regards to the procedure. Stimulates a discussion on the clinical problems and offers reasonable and realistic solutions.

  8. A prospective survey of cases of complications of induced abortion presenting to Goroka Hospital, Papua New Guinea, 2011.

    Asa, Isaac; de Costa, Caroline; Mola, Glen


    Induced abortion on demand or for socio-economic indications is illegal in Papua New Guinea under the 1974 Criminal Code. Nevertheless, the procedure is known to be widely practised. This prospective study examines the demographic and medical features of women presenting with complications of induced abortion to Goroka Hospital in a 6-month period. It was noted that abortion was most commonly induced using the synthetic prostaglandin analogue misoprostol. Although illegal induced abortion cannot be condoned, it appears that misoprostol, much safer in this context than mechanical or traditional herbal methods, is now being widely used for the purpose of induced abortion in Papua New Guinea, as it is in other developing countries.

  9. Induced abortion and concurrent adoption of contraception in the rural areas of India (An ICMR task force study

    Dhillon B


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Despite a liberal Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP act and awareness of family planning, maternal mortality attributable to induced abortion is high. AIMS: Assess attitude, behavior, practices and utilization of services by rural women for induced abortion and concurrent acceptance of contraception. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross sectional survey of eligible married women in 13 states in India over one year. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1851 women who had an induced abortion during the previous 3 years were interviewed. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Includes proportions, rates and chi-square test. RESULTS: The main reason for seeking abortion was "don′t need any more children" (42%, and in 12.4 per cent they specifically mentioned that they "don′t need any more daughters". Around 46% of women accessed abortion services from private clinics as compared to government hospital (37.1% and Primary Health Centre/Community Health Centre (14.0%. The decision to terminate the pregnancy and place of abortion was made by the husband in 42.8% and 52.5% respectively. Regret for abortion was expressed by 29.6% of the women. However, only 7.2% said they would not advice others for induced abortion. Nearly one half of the women undergoing abortion accepted a family planning method concurrently; of these Intra Uterine Device/oral contraceptives and a permanent method was adopted by 37.2% and 49.1% respectively. Acceptance of vasectomy by male partner was found to be low (1.3%. "Husband objected" (32.3% was the main reason for not accepting post abortal contraception. Majority of the acceptors said they would recommend to others the same place where they had undergone abortion, thus indicating their satisfaction with the source and services received. CONCLUSIONS: Counselling for post-abortal contraceptive should be provided to the couple so that they can make an informed choice.

  10. Urinary estrogen excretion and concentration of serum human placental lactogen in pregnancies following legally induced abortion

    Obel, E B; Madsen, Mette


    Feto-placental function was assessed by 24-hour excretion of estrogen in urine and by the concentration of human Placental Lactogen (hPL) in serum in pregnant women whose previous pregnancy was terminated by legally induced abortion. The mean 24-hour excretion of estrogens in urine and the mean c...

  11. Investigation on Knowledge of and Attitude to Emergency Contraception among Induced--Abortion Women

    楼超华; 赵双玲; 高尔生


    Based on the data from the survey of 606 women who went to three MCHs of Shanghai for induced abortion, women's knowledge of and attitude to emergency contraception (EC) were analyzed. The results showed that 28.5% of the subjects were aware of EC.

  12. Induced abortion in Denmark: effect of socio-economic situation and country of birth

    Rasch, Vibeke; Gammeltoft, Tine; Knudsen, Lisbeth B;


    study focuses on how socio-economic characteristics and country of birth are associated with induced abortion. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to collect information among 1351 women requesting abortion and a control group of 1306 women intending birth. RESULTS: The strongest factor...... associated with the decision to have an abortion was being single (OR 39.1; 23.8-64.2), followed by being aged 19 years or below (OR 29.6; 13.4-65.5), having two children or more (OR 7.05; 5.29-9.39) and being unskilled (OR 2.48; 1.49-4.10), student (OR 2.29; 1.52-3.43) or unemployed (OR 1.65; 1.......11-2.46). When evaluating the effect of social exposure on abortion among Danish-born and foreign-born women, the higher rate of abortion among non-Westerners was found to be caused by the composition of non-Westerners more often being unemployed, having a low income and having two or more children rather than...

  13. The effects of induced abortion on emotional experiences and relationships: a critical review of the literature.

    Bradshaw, Zoë; Slade, Pauline


    This paper reviews post-1990 literature concerning psychological experiences and sexual relationships prior to and following induced abortion. It assesses whether conclusions drawn from earlier reviews are still supported and evaluates the extent to which previous methodological problems have been addressed. Following discovery of pregnancy and prior to abortion, 40-45% of women experience significant levels of anxiety and around 20% experience significant levels of depressive symptoms. Distress reduces following abortion, but up to around 30% of women are still experiencing emotional problems after a month. Women due to have an abortion are more anxious and distressed than other pregnant women or women whose pregnancy is threatened by miscarriage, but in the long term they do no worse psychologically than women who give birth. Self-esteem appears unaffected by the process. Less research has considered impact on the quality of relationships and sexual functioning, but negative effects were reported by up to 20% of women. Conclusions were generally concordant with previous reviews. However, anxiety symptoms are now clearly identified as the most common adverse response. There has been increasing understanding of abortion as a potential trauma, and studies less commonly explore guilt. The quality of studies has improved, although there are still some methodological weaknesses.

  14. [Motives and circumstances surrounding induced abortion among women living with HIV in Brazil].

    Villela, Wilza Vieira; Barbosa, Regina Maria; Portella, Ana Paula; de Oliveira, Luzia Aparecida


    The impact of HIV/AIDS infection on the decision of women living with HIV/AIDS to interrupt a pregnancy remains an understudied topic. In an effort to understand the influence of HIV/AIDS diagnosis on abortion practices, a qualitative study was carried out in seven Brazilian municipalities with women living with HIV/AIDS who reported inducing an abortion at some point in their lives. This study presents the analysis of interviews with thirty women who became pregnant after diagnosis. The results show that for some women, infection was the primary motive for terminating their pregnancy, while for others, the motives for abortion were predominantly related to life circumstances. The decision to abort due to HIV infection is not the same for all women. It is related to the timing of the diagnosis and other aspects of the woman's life during her pregnancy, such as the relationship with her partner, her job and family support. The results suggest the need for more attention from health services to the reproductive decisions of women living with HIV/Aids; the incorporation of men into sexual and reproductive health prevention actions; and a deeper discussion of the illegality of abortion in Brazil and its harmful consequences for women, men, and children.

  15. Exploring contraceptive knowledge and use among women experiencing induced abortion in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana.

    Biney, Adriana A E


    Using a qualitative research methodology, twenty-four semi-structured interviews were conducted with women with induced abortion experiences at Korle Bu and Tema Hospitals in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana. Results suggest that these women tended not to have knowledge of contraceptive methods prior to the abortion, while others were informed but failed to use for a variety of reasons ranging from rumours of side effects to personal negative experiences with modem contraceptive methods. A few women also stated contraceptive failure as a reason for their unintended pregnancies that were later aborted. Peer and reproductive health education must be reinforced in communities in the Greater Accra Region to curb adolescents engaging in early sex and should challenge the existing rumours associated with contraception in Ghana. In addition, family planning services in terms of appropriate methods with no side effects must be made available to women in the reproductive ages.

  16. The association and a potential pathway between gender-based violence and induced abortion in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam

    Phuong Hong Nguyen


    Full Text Available Background: Gender-based violence (GBV has profound adverse consequences on women's physical, mental, and reproductive health. Although Vietnam has high rates of induced abortion and GBV, literature examining this relationship is lacking. Objective: This study examines the association of GBV with induced abortion among married or partnered women of reproductive age in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam. In addition, we explore contraceptive use and unintended pregnancy as mediators in the pathway between GBV and induced abortion. Design and methods: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional survey of 1,281 women aged 18–49 years in four districts of Thai Nguyen province. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were applied to examine the associations between lifetime history of GBV, contraceptive use, unintended pregnancy, induced abortion, and repeat abortion, controlling for other covariates. Results: One-third of respondents had undergone induced abortion in their lifetime (33.4%, and 11.5% reported having repeat abortions. The prevalence of any type of GBV was 29.1% (17.0% physical violence, 10.4% sexual violence, and 20.1% emotional violence. History of GBV was associated with induced abortion (OR=1.61, 95% CI: 1.20–2.16 and repeat abortion (OR=2.22, 95% CI: 1.48–3.32. Physical violence was significantly associated with induced abortion, and all three types of violence were associated with repeat abortion. Abused women were more likely than non-abused women to report using contraceptives and having an unintended pregnancy, and these factors were in turn associated with increased risk of induced abortion. Conclusions: GBV is pervasive in Thai Nguyen province and is linked to increased risks of induced abortion and repeat abortion. The findings suggest that a pathway underlying this relationship is increased risk of unintended pregnancy due in part to ineffective use of contraceptives. These findings emphasize the importance of

  17. Key determinants of induced abortion in women seeking postabortion care in hospital facilities in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

    Ilboudo PGC


    Full Text Available Patrick GC Ilboudo,1–3 Serge MA Somda,4 Johanne Sundby3 1Département de Santé Publique, Unité de Recherche sur les Politiques et Systèmes de Santé, Centre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso; 2Agence de Formation, de Recherche et d'Expertise en Santé pour l'Afrique (AFRICSanté, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso; 3Department of Community Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; 4Département des Maladies Non Transmissibles, Unité de Formation et d'Appui Méthodologique, Centre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso Introduction: Despite the universal recognition of unsafe abortion as a major public health problem, very little research has been conducted to document its precipitating factors in Burkina Faso. Our aim was to investigate the key determinants of induced abortion in a sample of women who sought postabortion care. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional household survey was carried out from February to September 2012 in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Data of 37 women who had had an induced abortion and 267 women who had had a spontaneous abortion were prospectively collected on sociodemographic characteristics, pregnancy and birth history, abortion experience, including previous abortion experience, and selected clinical information, including the type of abortion. A two-step regression analysis consisting of a univariate and a multivariate logistic regression was run on Stata version 11.2 in order to identify the key determinants of induced abortion. Results: The findings indicated that 12% of all abortions were certainly induced. Three key factors were significantly and positively associated with the probability of having an induced abortion: whether the woman reported that her pregnancy was unwanted (odds ratio [OR] 10.45, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.59–30.41; whether the woman reported was living in a household headed by her parents (OR 6.83, 95% CI 2.42–19.24; and if the woman reported was divorced or widowed (OR 3.47, 95

  18. Induced abortion and anxiety, mood, and substance abuse disorders: isolating the effects of abortion in the national comorbidity survey.

    Coleman, Priscilla K; Coyle, Catherine T; Shuping, Martha; Rue, Vincent M


    The purpose of this study was to examine associations between abortion history and a wide range of anxiety (panic disorder, panic attacks, PTSD, Agoraphobia), mood (bipolar disorder, mania, major depression), and substance abuse disorders (alcohol and drug abuse and dependence) using a nationally representative US sample, the national comorbidity survey. Abortion was found to be related to an increased risk for a variety of mental health problems (panic attacks, panic disorder, agoraphobia, PTSD, bipolar disorder, major depression with and without hierarchy), and substance abuse disorders after statistical controls were instituted for a wide range of personal, situational, and demographic variables. Calculation of population attributable risks indicated that abortion was implicated in between 4.3% and 16.6% of the incidence of these disorders. Future research is needed to identify mediating mechanisms linking abortion to various disorders and to understand individual difference factors associated with vulnerability to developing a particular mental health problem after abortion.

  19. Hypovolemic shock following induced abortion and spontaneous heterotopic pregnancy.

    Pakniyat, Abdolghader; Yazdanbakhsh, Arash; Moshar-Mowahed, Ghasem; Talebi, Fatimah


    Spontaneous heterotopic pregnancy is a rare clinical condition in which intrauterine and extrauterine pregnancies occur at the same time. It is rare, estimated to occur in 1 in 30,000 pregnancies. The case was a 38-year-old woman with spontaneously conceived heterotopic pregnancy. She was admitted to our center with hypovolemic shock. Focused assessment sonography for trauma examination in emergency department showed large amount of free fluid in peritoneal cavity. She was managed surgical laparotomy. Considering spontaneous pregnancies, physician should be aware of the possibility of heterotopic pregnancy in all reproductive age women, especially those with history of recent abortion. It can occur without any predisposing risk factors. Patients should be informed about possible side effects of nonprescription medicines, and also the health care centers must be safe peaceful environment for them without severe legal consequences.

  20. Hypovolemic shock following induced abortion and spontaneous heterotopic pregnancy

    Abdolghader Pakniyat


    Full Text Available Spontaneous heterotopic pregnancy is a rare clinical condition in which intrauterine and extrauterine pregnancies occur at the same time. It is rare, estimated to occur in 1 in 30,000 pregnancies. The case was a 38-year-old woman with spontaneously conceived heterotopic pregnancy. She was admitted to our center with hypovolemic shock. Focused assessment sonography for trauma examination in emergency department showed large amount of free fluid in peritoneal cavity. She was managed surgical laparotomy. Considering spontaneous pregnancies, physician should be aware of the possibility of heterotopic pregnancy in all reproductive age women, especially those with history of recent abortion. It can occur without any predisposing risk factors. Patients should be informed about possible side effects of nonprescription medicines, and also the health care centers must be safe peaceful environment for them without severe legal consequences.

  1. [Induced abortion among prostitutes: a survey using the ballot-box technique in Teresina-Piauí].

    Madeiro, Alberto Pereira; Rufino, Andréa Cronemberger


    This study assesses the prevalence of induced abortion among prostitutes and lists the most common abortion practices. A survey was conducted with 310 prostitutes between 18 and 39 years of age, by sampling age quotas in the 5 territorial areas of Teresina in the state of Piauí. Data collection was conducted through the use of 2 questionnaires: the first, by the ballot-box technique, with questions about abortion; the second, completed by the researcher, with socio-demographic information. The practice of abortion was reported by 163 (52.6%) women. Most prostitutes performed 1 abortion (50.3%), but 16.5% of them reported carrying out 3 or more. Misoprostol was used alone in 68.1% of the reports and associated with tea and/or probes in 9.2%, followed by tea in 13.4%, probes in 3.7%, and uterine curettage in unregulated clinics in 3.7%. There was post-abortion hospitalization in 47.8% of the cases. After adjustment of the multiple logistic regression model, the variable that remained significantly associated with abortion was to have had 3 or more pregnancies. These results revealed that induced abortion is an event of great prevalence among prostitutes in Teresina. Misoprostol is the most common method to abort and hospitalization was necessary in almost half of cases.

  2. Mifepristone-induced abortion and duration of third stage labour in a subsequent pregnancy.

    Miao, Mao-Hua; Gao, Er-Sheng; Chen, Ai-Min; Luo, Lin; Cheng, Yi-Min; Yuan, Wei


    To evaluate the impact of mifepristone-induced abortion (MA) on the duration of third stage labour in a subsequent pregnancy, an observational cohort study was conducted from 1998 to 2001 at antenatal clinics in Shanghai, Beijing and Chengdu, China. A total of 4925 pregnant women with no history of induced abortion (NA) and 4931 pregnant women with one previous MA were enrolled and followed until delivery. Of these, 5139 women who delivered singletons vaginally were used in the present analyses, including 2614 with NA and 2525 with a history of MA. Maternal characteristics, labour duration and other obstetric and gynaecological information were obtained. The incidence rates of prolonged third stage of labour were 1.55% and 1.49% in NA and MA, respectively. After adjusting for age at delivery, maternal education, maternal occupation, area of residence, duration of gestational, type of delivery and pregnancy-induced hypertension, MA was not associated with the risk of prolonged third stage of labour (odds ratios = 0.92, 95% confidence interval 0.58, 1.44). Subgroup analysis of women with MA showed similar results regardless of gestational age at abortion, woman's age at abortion, subsequent curettage/complications and the interpregnancy interval. In conclusion, the data did not provide evidence that one MA was associated with the risk of prolonged third stage of labour in a subsequent pregnancy in primiparae.

  3. Study recommends measures to reduce induced abortion among young women in the Republic of Korea.


    A study supported by the Program in the Republic of Korea involved 500 unmarried female adolescents and young adults selected from three categories: (a) factory workers living in industry-affiliated housing who participated in the project's special information program; (b) entertainers and sex workers working in bars and similar enterprises; and (c) women who sought an induced abortion in hospitals or private clinics. The average age of the women in each group was 22 years, 23 years, and 24 years, respectively. Most of the women had 12 years of schooling or more, and reported that their ideal age to enter marriage was 25 years. Korean society is generally very traditional, but among the factory workers cohabitation by unmarried couples is quite common and is gaining social acceptance. Among the women who reported a previous unwanted pregnancy, 85% said that they had not used a contraceptive before. Among the sex workers, contraceptive use was 53%, but still 66% had had an unwanted pregnancy. Among the factory workers contraceptive prevalence was 21%, and 36% reported having had an unwanted pregnancy. Among those seeking an abortion, only 20% had been using a method at the time of conception with 15% reporting contraceptive failure. Previous abortion experience was highest among abortion seekers (76%), followed by sex workers (45%), and the factory workers (11%). An argument is made for legalization of abortion in the country given that most abortions take place under unsafe conditions. Sex education is also recommended in schools and making family planning services available to adolescents, particularly to single women working in the industrial sector. The results have been discussed with labor unions and workers' organizations.

  4. Prevention and Treatment of Vaginal Bleeding after Drug-induced Abortion by Yaoliuan Capsule and Its Effects on Menses Recovery

    JIN Zhichun; HUANG Guangying


    Summary: In order to explore the effect of Yaoliuan capsule in the prevention and treatment of vaginal bleeding after drug-induced abortion and menses recovery after drug-induced abortion, 323 cases of gestation period ≤ 49 days and without contraindication, were divided randomly into study group (168 cases, taking Yaoliuan capsule) and control group (155 cases, taking placebo capsule). The results showed that in the study group, there were 161 cases (95.8 %) of complete abortion, 7 cases (4.2 %) of incomplete abortion; In the control group, there were 146 cases (94.2 %) of complete abortion, 6 cases (3.9 %) of incomplete abortion, 3 cases (1.9 %) of abortion failure. The vaginal bleeding time was 5-25 days (mean 10.8 days) in study group, while that was 6-62 days (mean 19.1 days) in control group. The menstrual cycle was 30.5±5.2 days and 33.8 d±8.6 days respectively in study and control groups. The menstrual period was 6.1±3.5 days and 9.9±5.1 days respectively in study and control groups. Yaoliuan capsule is an effective drug to prevent and treat vaginal bleeding following drug-induced abortion, promote menstruation recovery and prevent pelvic infection.

  5. Contraceptive knowledge and attitudes among women seeking induced abortion in Kathmandu, Nepal

    Berin E


    Full Text Available Emilia Berin,1,* Micaela Sundell,1,* Chanda Karki,2 Jan Brynhildsen,1 Mats Hammar1 1Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: To map the knowledge about and attitudes toward birth control methods among women in Kathmandu, Nepal, and to compare the results between women seeking an induced abortion and a control group. Method: This was a cross-sectional cohort study with matched controls. Women aged 15–49 years seeking medical care at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Kathmandu Medical College were included and interviewed. A case was defined as a woman who sought an elective medical or surgical abortion. A control was defined as a woman who sought medical care at the outpatient department or had already been admitted to the ward for reasons other than elective abortion. A questionnaire developed for the study – dealing with different demographic characteristics as well as knowledge about and attitudes toward contraceptives – was filled out based on the interview. Results: A total of 153 women were included: 64 women seeking an abortion and 89 controls. Women seeking an abortion had been pregnant more times than the control group and were more likely to have been informed about contraceptives. Women with higher education were less likely to seek an abortion than women with lower education. There was no significant difference in knowledge about and attitudes toward contraceptives between cases and controls. The women considered highest possible effectiveness to be the most important feature when deciding on a birth control method. Conclusion: Women seeking abortion in Kathmandu had shorter education and a history of more pregnancies and deliveries than women in the control group. Education and counseling on sex

  6. Expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinases in the uterus of bitches after spontaneous and induced abortion.

    Kanca, H; Walter, I; Miller, I; Schäfer-Somi, S; Izgur, H; Aslan, S


    Aim of this study was to determine the intrauterine activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9 after cessation of the local effect of progesterone. For this purpose, pregnancy was terminated in 10 bitches at mid-gestation with the progesterone receptor antagonist aglepristone (10 mg/kg body weight, sc, Alizine®; Virbac, France) at two subsequent days (group IRA = induced resorption/abortion). The IRA group was divided into two subgroups (Group I, n = 5, days 25-35 of pregnancy; group II, n = 5, days 36-45). Five further bitches were introduced with beginning abortion (group SRA = spontaneous resorption/abortion). Seven healthy bitches between day 25 and 45 of gestation served as controls. After ovariohysterectomy at the end of abortion and between days 25 and 45 of gestation, respectively, the distribution and activity of collagenases were investigated by immunohistochemistry and gelatin zymography. At placental sites, MMP-2 activity in the endometrium was significantly lower in IRA groups than in the SRA group (33.7 ± 11.8% and 39.3 ± 5.4% vs 52.2 ± 10.2%, p control group (control: 21.4 ± 6.3%; p controls: 13.1 ± 2.5%; p control group in comparison to SRA and IRA groups (11.8 ± 3.2%; p control group. It is concluded that the blockade of the biological progesterone effect was associated with an increase in activity of both collagenases.

  7. Report: a study of morbidity of induced abortion data from women belonging to Karachi, Pakistan.

    Aslam, Farah; Aslam, Muhammad


    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the morbidity of induced abortion in relation to facilities, service providers and social responses of general population of women, from Karachi, Pakistan. Cross-sectional survey, conducted from February to December 2010, through a researcher-administered questionnaire from 61 randomly selected women, who underwent for Induced Abortion, aged 18-50 years. The questionnaire included open and closed ended questions, regarding demography, facilities, service providers and various complications observed. Overall, 98 immediate health problems were reported by 40 (65.5%) of the respondents, 153 late adverse effects or chronic by 46 (75.4%); while 101 mental complications had been reported by 45 (73.8%) of the 61 aborting women; respectively. Private clinics surfaced as the most frequently adopted source as reported by 40.7% of the respondents. Two third majorities had the procedure in satisfactory, good hygienic conditions by skilled professionals. Around 59% of the aborting women were aware of the religious perspective of the subject. Marked incidence of complications had been registered, regardless of type of method adopted, hygienic condition of the procedure or skill of the provider. Although, awareness of religious perspective of the subject was there, still quite a lot opted for abortion. This suggests that strong socioeconomic factors influence women to take peril of such an attempt. It also reveals the existence of a big gap for the awareness services for educating the risks involved to the women's health. Study revealed that services are easily accessible; without any legal, religious or social barriers. Semi or un-educated women, mostly from low socioeconomic sector are opting the procedure in majority, being less aware and stalwartly influenced by environmental factors; hence excessive availability of abortion services should be revisited. Lack of deep awareness of the consequences also contributes for deteriorating

  8. Attitudes towards induced abortion in Peninsular Malaysia--a Guttman scale analysis.

    Takeshita, Y J; Tan Boon Ann; Arshat, H


    The data for this study are from the 1974 Malaysian Fertility and Family Survey. The analysis focuses on the responses given by about 6000 women to the question whether they would approve or disapprove of induced abortion under each of the following conditions: poor health, contraceptive failure, unwanted pregnancy, lack of finances, rape, and unmarried status. There was substantial endorsement of induced abortion if the pregnancy is due to rape (71%) but a progressively diminishing amount of endorsement of all other conditions: unmarried (54.3%), health (52.2%), lack of finances (34.5%), contraceptive failure (19%), and unwanted pregnancy (12.3%). A Guttman scale analysis is applied to the responses, coded "1" if "yes" or "depends" and as "0" if "no". A set of attitude items is said to form a Guttman scale if the items fall along a contimuum in a cumulative manner such that an endorsement of any 1 item implies endorsement of all items falling below it. The application of Guttman scale analysis reveals tht the 6 items do arrange themselves in this order. This study demonstrates that there was in the mid-1970s a fairly consistent patern of attitudes with respect to induced abortin in Peninsular Malaysia. This study also demonstrates the usefulness of the Guttman scale analysis. A replication of this study with more recent data would be useful in documenting any changes in attitudes towards induced abortion in Malaysia.

  9. Normal breast physiology: the reasons hormonal contraceptives and induced abortion increase breast-cancer risk.

    Lanfranchi, Angela


    A woman gains protection from breast cancer by completing a full-term pregnancy. In utero, her offspring produce hormones that mature 85 percent of the mother's breast tissue into cancer-resistant breast tissue. If the pregnancy ends through an induced abortion or a premature birth before thirty-two weeks, the mother's breasts will have only partially matured, retaining even more cancer-susceptible breast tissue than when the pregnancy began. This increased amount of immature breast tissue will leave the mother with more sites for cancer initiation, thereby increasing her risk of breast cancer. Hormonal contraceptives increase breast-cancer risk by their proliferative effect on breast tissue and their direct carcinogenic effects on DNA. Hormonal contraceptives include estrogen-progestin combination drugs prescribed in any manner of delivery: orally, transdermally, vaginally, or intrauterine. This article provides the detailed physiology and data that elucidate the mechanisms through which induced abortion and hormonal contraceptives increase breast-cancer risk.

  10. The association and a potential pathway between gender-based violence and induced abortion in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam

    Nguyen, Phuong Hong; Nguyen, Son; Nguyen, Manh Quang; Nguyen, Nam Truong; Keithly, Sarah Colleen; Mai, Lan Tran; Luong, Loan Thi Thu; Pham, Hoa Quynh


    Background: Gender-based violence (GBV) has profound adverse consequences on women’s physical, mental, and reproductive health. Although Vietnam has high rates of induced abortion and GBV, literature examining this relationship is lacking.Objective: This study examines the association of GBV with induced abortion among married or partnered women of reproductive age in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam. In addition, we explore contraceptive use and unintended pregnancy as mediators in the pathway ...

  11. Post abortion contraception.

    Gemzell-Danielsson, Kristina; Kopp, Helena Kallner


    A safe induced abortion has no impact on future fertility. Ovulation may resume as early as 8 days after the abortion. There is no difference in return to fertility after medical or surgical abortion. Most women resume sexual activity soon after an abortion. Contraceptive counseling and provision should therefore be an integrated part of the abortion services to help women avoid another unintended pregnancy and risk, in many cases an unsafe, abortion. Long-acting reversible contraceptive methods that includes implants and intrauterine contraception have been shown to be the most effective contraceptive methods to help women prevent unintended pregnancy following an abortion. However, starting any method is better than starting no method at all. This Special Report will give a short guide to available methods and when they can be started after an induced abortion.

  12. Prevalence and sociodemographic characteristics of women with induced abortion in a population sample of São Paulo, Brazil

    Milena Goulart Souza


    Full Text Available Objectives: This study aims at estimating the prevalence of women with induced abortion among women of childbearing age (15-49 years who had any previous pregnancy, in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, in the last quarter of 2008, and identifying the sociodemographic characteristics (SC associated with it. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out. The dependent variable was dichotomized as: no abortion and induced abortion. The independent variables were: age, paid work/activity, familial monthly income, schooling, marital status, contraceptive use and number of live births. Statistical analysis was performed using log-binomial regression models with approximation of Poisson to estimate the prevalance ratios (PR. Results: Of all women with any previous pregnancy (n = 683, 4.5% (n = 31 reported induced abortion. The final multivariate model showed that having now between 40 and 44 years (PR = 2.76, p = 0.0043, being single (PR = 2.79, p = 0.0159, having 5 or more live births (PR = 3.97, p = 0.0013, current oral contraception or IUD use (PR = 2.70, p = 0.454 and using a "non effective" (or of low efficacy contraceptive method (PR = 4.18, p = 0.0009 were sociodemographic characteristics associated with induced abortion in this population. Conclusions: Induced abortion seems to be used to limit fertility, more precisely after having reached the desired number of children. The inadequate use or non-use of effective contraceptive methods, and / or the use of contraceptives " non effective", exposed also the women to the risk of unintended pregnancies and, therefore, induced abortions. In addition, when faced with a pregnancy, single women were more likely to have an abortion than married women.

  13. Lower uterine segment pregnancy with placenta increta complicating first trimester induced abortion: diagnosis and conservative management

    刘欣燕; 范光升; 金征宇; 杨宁; 姜玉新; 盖铭英; 郭丽娜; 王友芳; 郎景和


    Objective To discuss the diagnosis of and conservative management for lower uterine segment pregnancy with placenta increta complicating first trimester abortion. Methods Four patients with previous caesarean section and severe hemorrhage in induced abortion during the first trimester were studied. Uterine artery embolization (UAE) was used to control bleeding and preserve the uterus. Results UAE controlled heavy uterine bleeding satisfactorily. One of the four patients asked for a hysterectomy after UAE, and her pathology report confirmed "lower uterine segment pregnancy with placenta increta". Conclusion Previous caesarean section is a risk factor for lower uterine segment pregnancy with placenta increta. UAE is one of the best conservative management methods for heavy hemorrhage, especially for women who desire future fertility.

  14. Comparison of gemeprost and vaginal misoprostol in first trimester mifepristone-induced abortion

    Svendsen, Pernille Fog; Rørbye, Christina; Vejborg, Thomas;


    Abstract Background The aim of this study was to compare efficacy and side effects of gemeprost and vaginal misoprostol in mifepristone-induced abortions in women up to 63 days of gestation. Methods A retrospective study of 833 consecutive patients admitted for medical termination of first...... trimester pregnancy was conducted. Four-hundred ten patients received mifepristone 600 mg, followed 48 h later by gemeprost 1 mg (regimen I), and 423 patients received mifepristone 200 mg followed by vaginal misoprostol 800 µg (regimen II). Success rates were evaluated after 2 weeks and after 3 months......, gemeprost and vaginal misoprostol are equally effective for termination of first trimester abortion, but may be associated with varying intensity of side effects....

  15. Comparison of gemeprost and vaginal misoprostol in first trimester mifepristone-induced abortion

    Svendsen, Pernille Fog; Rørbye, Christina; Vejborg, Thomas;


    Abstract Background The aim of this study was to compare efficacy and side effects of gemeprost and vaginal misoprostol in mifepristone-induced abortions in women up to 63 days of gestation. Methods A retrospective study of 833 consecutive patients admitted for medical termination of first......, gemeprost and vaginal misoprostol are equally effective for termination of first trimester abortion, but may be associated with varying intensity of side effects........ The severity of bleeding and side effects (pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea) was scored by the patients, and requests for supplementary analgesic treatment were recorded by the attending nurse. Results Success rates were 99% in both groups after 2 weeks of follow-up. At 3 months of follow-up, success rates...

  16. Nursing Care in Painless Induced Abortion%浅谈无痛人流术护理方法



    目的:探讨无痛人工流产术中的护理方法。方法对110例行人工流产术的患者进行术前、术中及术后护理。结果无痛人工流产手术需要时间短。结论无痛人工流产术前、术中及术后均需要很好的护理。%Objective To explore methods of nursing care in painless induced abortion. Methods 110 cases of induced abortion patients for nursing and postoperative before and during the operation. Results The operation of painless artificial abortion needs short time. Conclusion Painless artificial abortion preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative care needs good.

  17. Abortion - surgical

    Suction curettage; Surgical abortion; Elective abortion - surgical; Therapeutic abortion - surgical ... Surgical abortion involves dilating the opening to the uterus (cervix) and placing a small suction tube into the uterus. ...

  18. Expression of the Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Isoform in Chorionic Villi in the Early Spontaneous Abortion


    To investigate the relationship between inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and the early spontaneous abortion. , in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression of iNOS in trophoblasts in the early pregnancy with and without spontaneous abortion (group Ⅰ and group Ⅱ ). By light microscopy and computer color magic image analysis system (CMIAS), light density (D) and the positive cell number per statistic square (N/S) in situ hybridization were used to analyze the positive cell index, while total positive cells (N) and the positive unit (Pu) were used in immunohistochemistry. By in situ hybridization, D and N/S in trophoblasts were 0. 35±0. 028, 0. 07±0. 011 respectively in group Ⅰ and 0. 18±0. 016,0. 015±0. 003 in group Ⅱ . In terms of immunohistochemical staining, N and Pu were 0. 058±±0. 007, 11. 94±2. 01 in group Ⅰ and 0. 013±0. 009, 1. 08±0. 35 in group Ⅱ in trophoblasts. Significant differences existed between two groups. It is concluded that the higher nitric oxide produced by the higher expression of iNOS in trophoblasts might play an important role in the early spontaneous abortion.

  19. Use of Emergency Contraception could Halve Induced Abortion Rate in Shanghai,China

    Chao-hua LOU; Shuang-ling ZHAO; Er-sheng GAO


    Objective To investigate and estimate the proportion of the induced abortion that could have been prevented by using emergency contraception in Shanghai Method Structured interviews were conducted in 606 women (413 married and 193unmarried) aged 18-49 years, who were attending three health care centers in Shanghai for termination of first trimester pregnancy.Results A total of 98.2% of the pregnancies were unwanted, and 63.7% of the women recognized that they were at risk of pregnancy soon after the intercourse. It is estimated that 52.2% of the induced abortion could have been prevented if the women had used levonorgestrel-only emergency contraception. Only 28.5% of the respondents were aware of emergency contraception. The most important sources of information about emergency contraception identified by respondents were books/newspapers/periodicals (38.2%), and relatives/friends (30.6%). Family planning health education on emergency contraception was noted by 28.9% of married women but only by 5.8% of unmarried women. A portion of 85.5% of all respondents reported they would be willing to use emergency contraception when needed. Those more willing to use emergency contraception included younger, better educated, and unmarried women experiencing their first pregnancy. Women preferred drugstores (60.1%) than hospitals (30.2%)for obtaining emergency contraception.Conclusion Women's needs for emergency contraception were enormous. Promotion of emergency contraception by providing information and improving service could have a substantial impact on reducing the rate of induced abortion in Shanghai.

  20. Social impacts of technological diffusion: prenatal diagnosis and induced abortion in Brazil.

    Novaes, H M


    Scientific and technological development plays an essential part in shaping contemporary societies, and medicine and health care are considered to be particularly receptive to the incorporation of new concepts, techniques and products, producing impacts not only on the health problems for which they were originally intended, but also varied 'side-effects', less frequently recognised and studied. In this study the point of departure was the hypothesis that the intensive diffusion in Brazil of prenatal ultrasound would create new problems for individuals (pregnant women, their families and health professionals) and society in coping with foetal malformations, due to the existence of a very restrictive induced abortion legislation. The objective of the research was to study the social visibility of these problems, in the written mass media. The period under analysis went from 1991 to 1996. The four most important daily newspapers and two medical council journals were studied, with a criteria oriented selection of articles, and their macrotextual thematic analysis. The results indicate that the basic elements in the relationships between medical technology, prenatal diagnosis, foetal malformations and induced abortions stayed the same along the period - a restrictive Penal Code, the public recognition of the disseminated and usually tolerated practice of induced abortion, done in risky conditions for the majority of women, with very evident consequences on maternal health, a divided Congress, a divided 'public opinion', religious opposition and new scientific and technological practices in health care. Nevertheless, tension between these 'contradictory' factors increases, so much so, that new elements are introduced which make an accommodation possible, without implying in major changes of position. This is achieved through the development of new alliances between Science, the judiciary and obstetrical leaders, which benefit individual initiatives, instead of leading

  1. Perspectiva masculina acerca do aborto provocado Male perspective on induced abortion

    Graciana Alves Duarte


    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a perspectiva de homens de uma comunidade universitária que viviam em união legal ou consensual acerca do aborto provocado. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo de corte transversal em que se analisaram informações de 361 entrevistados, pertencentes a diferentes categorias de uma universidade. Utilizou-se o teste de qui-quadrado para avaliar a associação das variáveis dependentes com as independentes. RESULTADOS: Dos entrevistados, 53% afirmaram que as mulheres têm direito a interromper a gestação; as situações de maior aceitação foram: risco de vida da gestante (85%, gravidez resultante de estupro (80% e anomalia fetal (75%. As variáveis associadas à opinião masculina favorável ao aborto foram: maior escolaridade dos homens e das parceiras e o grupo (docente/aluno a que pertencia o entrevistado. CONCLUSÕES: Os entrevistados tenderam a ser mais favoráveis ao aborto nas situações já legitimadas legal e/ou socialmente. O maior grau de escolaridade, tanto deles quanto das parceiras, apareceu como relevante para determinar a postura em relação ao aborto.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the perspective on induced abortion of men of a university community living in legal or consensual wedlock. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out and 361 members of different categories of an university were interviewed. Chi-square test was used to assess the association between dependent and independent variables. RESULTS: Fifth-three percent of the participants acknowledged that women have the right to end pregnancy. Men were more favorable to abortion when there is a risk to woman's life (85%; rape-related pregnancy (80%; and fetal anomalies (75%. Higher schooling of both men and their partners and the interviewees' position (teacher/student were associated to a positive attitude towards abortion. CONCLUSIONS: Men tended to be more prone to abortion in legally and/or socially accepted instances. Better education of

  2. Abortion ethics.

    Fromer, M J


    Nurses have opinions about abortion, but because they are health professionals and their opinions are sought as such, they are obligated to understand why they hold certain views. Nurses need to be clear about why they believe as they do, and they must arrive at a point of view in a rational and logical manner. To assist nurses in this task, the ethical issues surrounding abortion are enumerated and clarified. To do this, some of the philosophic and historic approaches to abortion and how a position can be logically argued are examined. At the outset some emotion-laden terms are defined. Abortion is defined as the expulsion of a fetus from the uterus before 28 weeks' gestation, the arbitrarily established time of viability. This discussion is concerned only with induced abortion. Since the beginning of recorded history women have chosen to have abortions. Early Jews and Christians forbade abortion on practical and religious grounds. A human life was viewed as valuable, and there was also the practical consideration of the addition of another person to the population, i.e., more brute strength to do the necessary physical work, defend against enemies, and ensure the continuation of the people. These kinds of pragmatic reasons favoring or opposing abortion have little to do with the Western concept of abortion in genaeral and what is going on in the U.S. today in particular. Discussion of the ethics of abortion must rest on 1 or more of several foundations: whether or not the fetus is a human being; the rights of the pregnant woman as opposed to those of the fetus, and circumstances of horror and hardship that might surround a pregnancy. Viability is relative. Because viability is not a specific descriptive entity, value judgments become part of the determination, both of viability and the actions that might be taken based on that determination. The fetus does not become a full human being at viability. That occurs only at conception or birth, depending on one's view

  3. The underrated benefits of oral contraception: consequences of pregnancy and induced abortion in teenagers.

    Dreyfus, R


    If complications occur within a pregnancy planned and brought to term, they often can be dealt with and accepted. They are even more traumatic when they occur in an unwanted pregnancy that could have been prevented through contraception. Teenagers, because of their physical and psychological immaturity and also because of their social environment, seem to suffer with undue frequency from the complications of induced abortion. Its result, for the teenager, is a handicapped future in comparison to other women. Hence, access to contraception is important for all women, and especially for teenagers, in order to avoid such prejudicial situations. It is important, then, to prescribe oral contraception for its efficacy and its short- and long-term innocuousness. Because of her immaturity, the pregnant teenager is at risk: of spontaneous abortion, pre-eclampsia, anemia, hemorrhage, and prematurity. She is also at risk because of the social difficulties she will be facing. This is particularly true in families from developing countries. From birth, the child is also at risk: of low birth weight for the term, mortality in the first year of life, and all risks linked to abandonment, or education by a third party. In a proportion of 13 to 30% in western countries and in a proportion of 3% in East Asia or in Northwest Africa (Maghreb), induced abortions are a reflection of the following: early sexual activity without contraception even if fertility is still low in very young teenagers, absence of social protection or social independence, refusal of forced marriage, and presence or absence of liberal legislation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  4. Expression of Apoptosis and Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase in Trophoblastic Cells in Early Spontaneous Abortion

    夏革清; 孙永玉


    Objective To investigate the effect of apoptosis and inducible nitric oxide (Inos) on the early spontaneous abortion Methods TUNEL method was used to detect the apoptosis in trophoblast cells in early pregnancy with and without spontaneous abortion (the experiment group and the control group), while Inos was detected by both in situ hybridization and immunohis tochemistry. By computer color magic image analysis system (CMIAS), positive cell indexes were represented by D (density) and N/S (number/square) in both apoptosis and in situ hybridization, in immunohistochemistry were N/S and PU (positive unit).Results Positive cell indexes of apoptosis D and N/S were significntly higher in the experiment group (0. 48± 0. 004, 0. 045±0. 002) than that in the control group( 0. 35 +0. 06, 0. 031±0. 003. P<0. 001). D and N/S of inducible nitric oxide synthase in situ hybridization were 0. 33± 0. 028, 0. 074± 0. 001 respectively in the experiment group and 0. 13± 0. 015, 0. 019± 0. 004 respectively in the control group. N/S and PU were significantly higher in the experiment group( 0. 058± 0. 007, 11. 94± 2. 01)than that in the control group (0. 007± 0. 001, 1. 18± 0. 35, P<0. 01). There existed a positive correlation between Inos and apoptosis too.Conclution Apoptosis and Inos in trophoblasts might play an important role in early spontaneous abortion and there was a positive correlation between apoptosis and Inos.

  5. Protective Effects of Baicalin on Decidua Cells of LPS-Induced Mice Abortion

    Xiaodan Wang


    Full Text Available The study was carried out to investigate the protective effects of Baicalin on decidual cells of LPS-induced abortion mice. In the in vitro experiment, the decidual cells were cultured by uterus tissue mass cultivation sampled at day 6 of pregnancy, and gradient concentrations of LPS were used to determine the optimal LPS concentration of the injured decidual cells model. The injured decidual cells were treated with Baicalin (4 μg/mL to determine the protective role of Baicalin. In the in vivo experiment, lipopolysaccharide (LPS was injected intravenously via the tail vein to induce abortion at day 6 of pregnancy, and the mice were given different concentrations of Baicalin by oral gavage consecutively at days 7 to 8 of pregnancy. On day 9 of gestation, the mice were sacrificed. The TNF and progesterone contents in the serum were assayed by ELISA. The results clearly revealed that Baicalin can prevent the injury to decidual cells from LPS dose dependently, TNF was decreased significantly (P<0.01 compared to LPS group, and there was no effect on the progesterone. These findings suggest that Baicalin has protective effects on the injured decidual cells in the pregnant mice.

  6. Abortion, Miscarriage, and Breast Cancer Risk

    ... of Breast & Gynecologic Cancers Breast Cancer Screening Research Abortion, Miscarriage, and Breast Cancer Risk: 2003 Workshop In ... cancer risk, including studies of induced and spontaneous abortions. They concluded that having an abortion or miscarriage ...

  7. Views on Induced Abortion in Those Unmarried Women Underwent Abortion%从未婚人工流产女性视角看人工流产

    崔念; 陈颖; 田爱平


    目的:从未婚人工流产女性视角分析未婚妊娠原因,了解她们对未婚人工流产的认识。方法:对成都市不同等级妇幼保健机构/医院接受过人工流产术的19名未婚女性进行个人深入访谈。结果:避孕知识缺乏、发生性行为时心存侥幸心理、未采取避孕措施和避孕措施不当为未婚妊娠的主要原因;对未婚人工流产对健康影响有一定的认识,最为担心的是怕影响以后的再生育。结论:对未婚人群加强生殖健康知识教育、尤其是避孕措施的咨询和服务非常重要,需要政府牵头、家庭-学校-社会多部门协同合作,并不断探索适宜、有效的教育方式方法以及服务模式,以促进未婚人群的生殖健康。%Objective: To analyze the reason of unintended pregnancy in those unmarried women underwent induced abortion, so as to understand their views on induced abortion. Methods: An in-depth interview was conducted among 19 unmarried women underwent induced abortion in Maternity and Child Care Institution/Hospital, Chengdu, China. Results: The main reasons of unintended pregnancy were lack of contraceptive knowledge, not use or misuse contraceptives during sex intercourse. Those unmarried women had some knowledge on the induced abortion which affects health. The most worried thing was the possible effect on their future fertility. Conclusions: It is very important to provide comprehensive reproductive health information, and particularly the good-quality of contraceptive counseling and services for unmarried youth. It is also necessary to explore the appropriate and effective model of education and health care service so as to promote the reproductive health of unmarried population by the leadership of government and multi-sectoral collaboration among family, school and community.

  8. Adolescent girls with illegally induced abortion in Dar es Salaam: the discrepancy between sexual behaviour and lack of access to contraception

    Rasch, V; Silberschmidt, M; Mchumvu, Y;


    This article reports on a study of induced abortion among adolescent girls in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, who were admitted to a district hospital in Dar es Salaam because of an illegally induced abortion in 1997. In the quantitative part of the study, 197 teenage girls (aged 14-19) were asked...... that gave them the right to seek family planning services and in practice these services are not being provided. There is a need for youth-friendly family planning services and to make abortion safe and legal, in order to reduce unwanted pregnancies and abortion-related complications and deaths among...

  9. Extra-amniotic 15 (S)-15 methyl PGF2alpha to induce abortion: a study of three administration schedules.

    Mackenzie, I Z; Embrey, M P


    Abortion was induced in 60 patients between 8 and 18 weeks gestation using 15(S)-15 methyl PGF2alpha in one of three extra-amniotic administration schedules: 1.0 mg in viscous medium (Tylose), 1 mg in viscous medium (Hyskon) or 0.5 mg in non-viscous medium repeated at 12 hours. Eighty per cent of patients aborted within 24 hours in each group. The overall mean induction-abortion interval (+/- S.E.) was 17.6 +/- 2.0: there was no significant difference between the three groups. Twenty patients treated with 1.0 mg in viscous medium had the catheter removed immediately following the prostaglandin injection and the success rate was not significantly altered. Gastro-intestinal side effects (vomiting in 50%, diarrhoea in 32.5%) were more frequent in the patients treated with the larger dose though the difference was not statistically significant. No significant haematological or biochemical changes were detected during the 24 hours following the start of treatment in 24 patients investigated. Thirty seven of the 60 patients (61.5%) aborted completely and did not require surgical evacuation, and none lost more than 500 ml of blood, nor required transfusion. It is concluded that abortion can be induced with a single extra-amniotic injection of 1 mg of 15(S)-15 methyl PGF2alpha in viscous medium in a large percentage of patients but that the incidence of side effects is high.

  10. Determinants of pregnancy and induced and spontaneous abortion in a jointly determined framework: evidence from a country-wide, district-level household survey in India.

    Ahmed, Salma; Ray, Ranjan


    This study provides evidence on the principal determinants of pregnancy and abortion in India using a large country-wide district-level data set (DLHS 2007). The paper provides an economic framework for the analysis of pregnancy and abortion. The study distinguishes between induced and spontaneous abortion and compares the effects of their determinants. The results show that there are wide differences between induced and spontaneous abortions in terms of the sign and magnitude of the estimated effects of several of their determinants, most notably wealth, the woman's age and her desire for children. The study makes a methodological contribution by proposing a trivariate probit estimation framework that recognizes the joint dependence of pregnancy and induced and spontaneous abortion, and provides evidence in support of this joint dependence. The study reports an inverted U-shaped effect of a woman's age on her pregnancy and both forms of abortion. The turning point in each case is quite robust to the estimation framework. A significant effect of contextual variables, at the village level, constructed from the individual responses, on a woman's pregnancy is found. The effects are weaker in the case of induced abortion, and insignificant in the case of spontaneous abortion. The results are shown to be fairly robust. This paper extends the literature on the relation between son preference and fertility by examining the link between mother's son preference and desire for more children with abortion rates.

  11. Clinical features and hormonal profiles of cloprostenol-induced early abortions in heifers monitored by ultrasonography

    Beckers Jean-François


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The present study describes the clinical features and plasma profiles of bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein 1 (bPAG1, the main metabolite of prostaglandin F2α (PG metabolite and progesterone (P4 in heifers in which early abortions were induced. Methods Early abortions were induced in four heifers with cloprostenol and monitored by ultrasonography. Blood samples were collected and the plasma were analyzed for bPAG 1, P4 and PG metabolite. Results The foetal heartbeat rates varied from 170–186 beats per minute for all foetuses up to the date of cloprostenol treatment. Foetal death was confirmed within two days after cloprostenol treatment. Prior to cloprostenol injection, blood plasma concentrations of bPAG1, PG metabolite and P4 varied from 8.4 – 40.0 ng/mL, 158 – 275 pmol/L and 20.7 – 46.9 nmol/L, respectively. After the foetus expelled, the plasma level of bPAG1 began to decrease but the decrease was small and gradual. The estimated half-life of bPAG1 was 1.8 – 6.6 days. The plasma level of the PG metabolite started to have short lasting peaks (above 300 pmol/L within three hours after cloprostenol treatment. The plasma concentrations of P4 dropped sharply to less than 4 nmol/L after 24 hours of cloprostenol injection. Conclusion The current findings indicated that after early closprostenol-induced foetal death, the plasma concentration of bPAG1 decreased gradually and showed a tendency of variation with the stages of pregnancy.

  12. Attitude of Women in Fertility Ages to Relationship between Fertility Status, Health and Socio-Economic with Induced and Overall Abortion

    Seyedeh Zahra Masumi


    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: Investigate the causes of induced abortion, women's attitude towards this issue and knowledge about the effects has a high priority on women's health. This study aimed to determine the attitudes of women of reproductive age in relation to fertility status, and overall health and socioeconomic induced abortion is performed. Materials and methods: Analytical descriptive cross-sectional study at Fatima Hospital in Hamadan in 1393 on 450 women in reproductive age and random sampling after obtaining informed consent was conducted. Data using statistical 16SPSS software analyze and P less than 0.05 were considered significant. A questionnaire was used to examine women's attitudes about abortion induction. Findings: The results showed that in women with a history of abortion (general and induction, attitude in the areas of socio-economic status and fertility than those without a history of miscarriage was higher. In the area of maternal and fetal health, attitude in people with a history of miscarriage than those without a history of abortion, induced abortion is less and the score was higher in patients with a history of abortion, although these differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: According to kind of attitude to abortion can affect the rate of the general population, it is necessary to strengthen the attitude and values of the society as well as raise awareness of fertile women about their rights and the consequences of the increase in illegal abortions in community prevention.

  13. Perfil sociodemográfico del aborto inducido Sociodemographic profile of induced abortion

    Evelio Cabezas-García


    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar características sociodemográficas y su fuerza de asociación con el aborto inducido del primer embarazo. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio analítico con la información de una encuesta realizada en el municipio Diez de Octubre, de la ciudad de La Habana, en Cuba, durante todo el año de 1991 y el primer semestre de 1992. La población de estudio se dividió en dos grupos de comparación: uno formado por las mujeres cuyo primer embarazo terminó en un aborto inducido y el otro constituido por aquellas cuyo embarazo llegó a término. De las variables estudiadas que mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas se obtuvieron las razones de momios crudas y ajustadas por la variable que se consideró como confusora: la edad. Para esta última fase del análisis se utilizó la regresión logística multivariada. Resultados. Las características sociodemográficas identificadas como factores de riesgo asociados al aborto inducido del primer embarazo fueron la edad menor de 24 años (aunque el riesgo se incrementa en las menores de 20 años y ser solteras o unidas. Conclusiones. El riesgo de recurrir a la práctica del aborto inducido en el primer embarazo es elevado en mujeres muy jóvenes que aún no han cumplido sus expectativas profesionales, laborales y relacionadas con el matrimonio. Estas razones parecen incompatibles con la maternidad en el grupo de mujeres estudiadas.Objective. To identify sociodemographic characteristics associated with induced abortion of the first pregnancy and quantify the strength of association between them. Material and methods. Data were gathered from a survey conducted in the district of Diez de Octubre, Havana, Cuba throughout 1991 and the beginning of 1992. The study population was divided into two comparable groups: one group of women whose first pregnancy terminated in induced abortion and a second group of women whose pregnancy terminated in childbirth. For the

  14. Single extra-amniotic injection of prostaglandin E2 in Tylose gel to induce first trimester abortion in young nullipara.

    Djahanbakhch, O; Bassan, T S; Marshall, D E; Gardner, N H


    A single extra-amniotic injection of 2 or 4 mg of prostaglandin E2 in Tylose gel was administered to 30 primigravidae between the ages of 14 and 20 years to induce first-trimester abortion. Twenty-three patients (76.7%) aborted, though incompletely, within 9 hours, with a mean induction-abortion interval of 6.3 hours. In the remaining 7 (23.3%) the cervical os was found to be open and no mechanical dilatation was required at the time of vacuum aspiration. The only side effect was vomiting, which occurred in 2 patients. The method was shown to be safe and effective and may be employed in young primigravidae, thus eliminating the cervical complications attending vacuum aspiration.

  15. The course of mental health after miscarriage and induced abortion: a longitudinal, five-year follow-up study

    Bødtker Anne


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Miscarriage and induced abortion are life events that can potentially cause mental distress. The objective of this study was to determine whether there are differences in the patterns of normalization of mental health scores after these two pregnancy termination events. Methods Forty women who experienced miscarriages and 80 women who underwent abortions at the main hospital of Buskerud County in Norway were interviewed. All subjects completed the following questionnaires 10 days (T1, six months (T2, two years (T3 and five years (T4 after the pregnancy termination: Impact of Event Scale (IES, Quality of Life, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS, and another addressing their feelings about the pregnancy termination. Differential changes in mean scores were determined by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA and inter-group differences were assessed by ordinary least squares methods. Results Women who had experienced a miscarriage had more mental distress at 10 days and six months after the pregnancy termination than women who had undergone an abortion. However, women who had had a miscarriage exhibited significantly quicker improvement on IES scores for avoidance, grief, loss, guilt and anger throughout the observation period. Women who experienced induced abortion had significantly greater IES scores for avoidance and for the feelings of guilt, shame and relief than the miscarriage group at two and five years after the pregnancy termination (IES avoidance means: 3.2 vs 9.3 at T3, respectively, p Conclusion The course of psychological responses to miscarriage and abortion differed during the five-year period after the event. Women who had undergone an abortion exhibited higher scores during the follow-up period for some outcomes. The difference in the courses of responses may partly result from the different characteristics of the two pregnancy termination events.

  16. Influence of Radix scutellariae on Th1/Th2 cytokine balance in RU486-induced abortion in mice

    ZHONG Xiuhui; SHI Wanyu; MA Aituan; WANG Xiaodan; ZHANG Jianlou; LI Xuezhong


    The aim of this study is to investigate the significance of Th1/Th2 cytokine balance in the uterus in the early embryo loss(or resorption),and to elucidate immunological modulation at the maternal-fetal interface with Chinese herbal medicine Radix scutellariae(Huang Qin)and its constituents(Baicalin and Baicalein).Mifepristone(RU486)was given via subcutaneous injection in the scapular area to induce abortion in mice at day 7 of gestation.The levels of uterine Thl cytokines(IFN-β,IL-2)and Th2 cytokines(IL-4,IL-10)were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA),respectively.The mean values of Thl cytokines in the uterus of RU486-treated abortion mice were significantly higher(P<0.05)than that of the control mice,but no significant difference was observed regarding to the contents of Th2 cytokines of different groups(P>0.05).However,when the Radix scutellariae and its constituents were used to prevent RU486-induced abortion,the levels of IFN-γ and IL-2 decreased while that of IL-4 and IL-10 increased.The embryo loss induced by RU486 was closely related to the Th1/Th2 immune balance at the maternal-fetal interface.Radix scutellariae and its constituents have an anti-abortive effect through restoring the Th1/Th2 balance at the maternal-fetal interface.

  17. The sociocultural context of family size preference, ideal sex composition, and induced abortion in India: findings from India's National Family Health surveys.

    Agrawal, Sutapa


    In this study, the author examined the effect of family size preference and sex composition of living children as determinants of induced abortion among women in India by analyzing 90,303 ever-married women aged 15-49, included in India's second National Family Health Survey, conducted in 1998-99. Multivariate logistic regression methods were used to examine the association between induced abortion and possible determinants. The results indicated that a woman's desire to limit family size with preferred sex composition of children, coupled with her autonomy and the sociocultural context, largely determines her experience of induced abortion in India.

  18. Unintended Pregnancy and Induced Abortion in the Netherlands 1954-2002

    Levels, M.; Need, A.; Nieuwenhuis, Rense; Sluiter, R.; UItee, W.


    In the Netherlands, abortion is legal, safe, easily available, and free of charge. Paradoxically, it is also extremely rare. Little quantitative research into the Netherlands’ abortion practice has been done. We analyse the fertile life-course of N = 3,793 Dutch women between 1954 and 2002. Using re

  19. Unintended pregnancy and induced abortion in the Netherlands 1954-2002

    Levels, M.; Need, A.; Nieuwenhuis, R.; Sluiter, R.; Ultee, W.C.


    In the Netherlands, abortion is legal, safe, easily available, and free of charge. Paradoxically, it is also extremely rare. Little quantitative research into the Netherlands' abortion practice has been done. We analyse the fertile life-course of N = 3,793 Dutch women between 1954 and 2002. Using re

  20. Determinantes del retraso de la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo Determinants of induced abortion delay

    Laia Font-Ribera


    Full Text Available Antecedentes: El momento de la gestación en que se induce una interrupción voluntaria del embarazo (IVE determina el método, el riesgo de complicaciones y el coste económico de la intervención. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue describir los determinantes del retraso de la IVE hasta el segundo trimestre de gestación en Barcelona. Métodos: Estudio transversal de las IVE por motivos de salud física o mental de la mujer (Barcelona, 2004-2005; N=9.175. El registro de IVE de la ciudad proporcionó el tiempo de gestación (variable dependiente, el nivel de estudios, la edad, la convivencia en pareja, el número de hijos, IVE anteriores y tipo de centro. Se calcularon razones de prevalencia ajustadas (RPa mediante modelos de regresión log-binomial. Resultados: El 7,7% de las IVE fueron de segundo trimestre y el 99,3% se realizaron en centros privados. En comparación con las mujeres con estudios universitarios, las que tienen educación primaria o menos tienen una RPa de 1,8 (intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC95%]: 1,4-2,2 de IVE de segundo trimestre. También se registran más IVE de segundo trimestre en las menores de 18 años (RPa=2,6; IC95%: 2,0-3,4, las que no conviven en pareja (RPa=1,4; IC95%: 1,2-1,6 y en los centros públicos (RPa=2,8; IC95%: 2,2-3,7. No hay diferencias en el retraso de la IVE entre las mujeres que han tenido IVE anteriores y las que no. Conclusión: El retraso de la IVE hasta el segundo trimestre se asoció a niveles educativos más bajos, edades jóvenes, no convivencia en pareja y centros públicos, y se demuestra la existencia de desigualdades socioeconómicas en las condiciones de acceso a la IVE.Background: In induced abortion, the method, the risk of complications and the economic cost of the abortion are determined by gestational age. The aim of this study was to describe the determinants of induced abortion delay until the second trimester of pregnancy in Barcelona. Methods: We performed a cross

  1. Induced Abortion: Risk Factors for Adolescent Female Students, a Brazilian Study

    Divanise S. Correia


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyze risk factors for abortion among female teenagers from 12 to 19 years of age in the city of Maceió, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in ten schools. The sample was calculated by considering the number of admissions for postabortion curettage, obtained from the Information System of Hospitalization. Data were obtained through a semi-structured questionnaire divided into three basic blocks of data: sociodemographic, sexual life, and pregnancy/abortion. To analyze the data, the logistic regression model was used. The Forward Method was chosen to set the final model that minimizes the number of variables and maximizes the accuracy of the model. The significant analysis between the dichotomous variables provided eight significant variables. Two of them are protective for abortion: the ages 12-14 years and talking with parents about sex. After the logistic regression, the receipt of support for abortion was the most significant variable of all. The adolescent with an active sexual life, a previous pregnancy, who is married, and has received support for an abortion has a 99.74% probability for an abortion. The results of this study, demonstrating the importance of the group in adolescence, and the statistical significance of having a partner to support and approve the pregnancy appears as a preventive factor for abortion. It shows the importance of support and companionship for adolescent women.

  2. Induced abortion: risk factors for adolescent female students, a Brazilian study.

    Correia, Divanise S; Cavalcante, Jairo C; Maia, Eulália M C


    The purpose of this study was to analyze risk factors for abortion among female teenagers from 12 to 19 years of age in the city of Maceió, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in ten schools. The sample was calculated by considering the number of admissions for postabortion curettage, obtained from the Information System of Hospitalization. Data were obtained through a semi-structured questionnaire divided into three basic blocks of data: sociodemographic, sexual life, and pregnancy/abortion. To analyze the data, the logistic regression model was used. The Forward Method was chosen to set the final model that minimizes the number of variables and maximizes the accuracy of the model. The significant analysis between the dichotomous variables provided eight significant variables. Two of them are protective for abortion: the ages 12-14 years and talking with parents about sex. After the logistic regression, the receipt of support for abortion was the most significant variable of all. The adolescent with an active sexual life, a previous pregnancy, who is married, and has received support for an abortion has a 99.74% probability for an abortion. The results of this study, demonstrating the importance of the group in adolescence, and the statistical significance of having a partner to support and approve the pregnancy appears as a preventive factor for abortion. It shows the importance of support and companionship for adolescent women.

  3. Legal abortion in Georgia, 1980.

    Spitz, A M; Oberle, M; Zaro, S M


    According to data reported to the Georgia Department of Human Resources (DHR), the number of induced abortions performedin Georgia in 1980 decreased for the 1st time since 1968 when the state legalized abortion. To verify this reported decrease, the DHR data were compared with statistics obtained by the Alan Guttmacher Institute in a 1980 survey of abortion providers in Georgia. Since the AGI contacts providers directly, its statistics are considered a more accurate reflection of abortions performed. According to the DHR, the number of abortions dropped from 36,579 in 1979 to 33,288 in 1980, a 9% decrease, and the abortion rate fell from 26.6/1000 women ages 15-44 years to 23.9/1000. AGI data indicated a drop from 38,760 abortions in 1979 to 37,890 in 1980, a 2% decrease. Since both sources noted a similar trend despite differences in data collection methods, the 1980 decline in abortion procedures in Georgia is considered to represent a true decline rather than s statistical artifact. The sociodemographic characteristics of women obtaining abortions in Georgia in 1980 were also analyzed on the basis of DHR data. Although the number of abortions in Georgia performed on Georgia residents increased 2.5% from 1979-80 to 90.7%, the abortion ratio for residents decreased from 367.7 to 327.4 abortions/1000 live births. There was little change in the age, race, or marital status distribution of women receiving abortions. The ratio for white women was 317 abortions/1000 live births and that for blacks was 342/1000. The abortion ratio for unmarried women (1166/1000) was 13 times that for married women (88/1000). The number of repeat abortions decreased form 34% in 1979 to 29% in 1980. Moreover, 93% of women obtaining abortions did so in the 1st 12 weeks of gestation compared with 89% in 1979. The percentage of abortions performed in clinics increased from 66.5% in 1979 to 75.3% in 1980, with suction curettage accounting for 85% of all abortions in the 1st 12 weeks of

  4. Transcription of pattern recognition receptors and abortive agents induced chemokines in the bovine pregnant uterus.

    Silva, Ana Patrícia Carvalho; Costa, Erica Azevedo; Macêdo, Auricélio Alves; Martins, Telma da Mata; Borges, Alan Maia; Paixão, Tatiane Alves; Santos, Renato Lima


    Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) are important components of the innate immune system whose ligands are specific pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs). Considering the scarcity of studies on transcription of PRRs in the pregnant uterus of cows, and its response to PAMPs and microorganisms that cause abortion in cattle, this study aimed to characterize the transcription of TLR1-10, NOD1, NOD2 and MD2 in bovine uterus throughout gestation and to investigate the sensitivity of different uterine tissues at third trimester of pregnancy to purified TLR ligands or heat-killed Brucella abortus, Salmonella enterica serotype Dublin (S. Dublin), Listeria monocytogenes, and Aspergillus fumigatus, by assessing chemokine transcription. RNA extracted from endometrium, placentome and intercotiledonary region of cows at the first (n=6), second (n=6), and third (n=6) trimesters of pregnancy were subjected to real time RT-PCR. After stimulation of endometrium and intercotiledonary regions with purified TLR ligands or heat-killed microorganisms, gene transcription was assessed by real time RT-PCR. In the placentome, there was no significant variation in TLRs transcription throughout the three trimesters of pregnancy. In the endometrium, there was significant variation in TLR4 and TLR5 transcription during the three stages of gestation; i.e. TLR4 transcription was higher during the third trimester, whereas TLR5 transcription was higher during the last two trimesters. In the intercotiledonary region, there was significant variation in transcription of TLR1/6, TLR7, and TLR8, which were more strongly expressed during the first trimester of pregnancy. At the third trimester of gestation, significant transcription of CXCL6 and CXCL8 was detected mostly in endometrial tissues in response to purified TLR4 and TLR2 ligands. Transcription of these chemokines was induced in the endometrium and intercotiledonary region at the third trimester of pregnancy when stimulated with heat

  5. Abortion and foetal lesions induced by Neospora caninum in experimentally infected water buffalos (Bubalus bubalis).

    Chryssafidis, Andreas L; Cantón, Germán; Chianini, Francesca; Innes, Elisabeth A; Madureira, Ed H; Soares, Rodrigo M; Gennari, Solange M


    The water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) is an important species in several countries for its milk and meat production, as well as for transport and other agricultural activities. It is, in general, considered more resistant than cattle to different parasitic diseases, also less demanding for forage quality. It has been postulated that buffalo may be resistant to abortion caused by neosporosis, because of high serological prevalences found in buffalo herds from different localities, with no description of Neospora caninum-related abortion. Recent studies have demonstrated the potential impact of neosporosis in pregnant water buffalo cows. In this work, three pregnant buffalo cows were experimentally infected with Nc-1 strain of N. caninum, and abortion was detected 35 days post-infection. Molecular and histopathological results found in post-mortem tissues are described and discussed, confirming the susceptibility of water buffalos to abortion caused by N. caninum.




    Full Text Available The previous two or three induced - were spontaneous abortion will carry a risk of preterm, ectopic pregnancy. This is to study is to evaluate the outcome of pregnancy with history of previous abortion. MATERIAL AND METHODS : This study was conducted for on e and half year period in Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur. RESULTS: We observed that majority of the women in the study fell in 25 to 35 years of age. 116 (71.9% women with history of induced abortion were aged between 25 to 30 yea rs of age. 52(73.3% women with history of spontaneous abortions were less than 30 years of age. There were only 7(9.7% women in the spontaneous abortion group who were above 35 years of age. CONCLUSION: We concluded that women with previous history of tw o or three induced abortions were at risk of preterm birth, very preterm birth and low birth weight babies in the subsequent pregnancies. The risk of caesarean was found to be increased in women with previous two or three spontaneous abortions exposing the women to the morbidity associated with the C-section

  7. Protective effect of Petroselinum crispum extract in abortion using prostadin-induced renal dysfunction in female rats

    Maryam Rezazad


    Full Text Available Objective: Present study investigated the effects of parsley extract on pregnant rat kidneys which have undergone clinical abortion using prostaglandins. The renal protective effect of parsley extract was evaluated in pregnant rats which had an abortion. Parsley was used due to its antioxidant properties. Materials and Methods:  Fifty-four female rats were divided in 9 groups of 6: control pregnant, two pregnant groups which received parsley extract and prostadin, two non-pregnant groups treated with parsley extract and prostadin, a group administered with both treatments, and three groups which received parsley extract in pre-implantation, implantation, and post-implantation periods of embryos. Ethanolic extract (5 mg/kg was given daily to animals for 18 days of pregnancy period. Parameters such as malondialdehyde (MDA, total antioxidant statues (TAS, creatinine, and urea were measured using biochemical assays. Histopathologic studies were also done with Hematoxylin-Eosin staining method. Results: After 18 days of treatment, significant differences were observed in serum creatinine, urea, and MDA and TAS levels. Kidney cross-sections showed edema in prostadin-treated rats while improvements in parsley + prostadin -treated rats were observed. Conclusion: These results suggested that ethanolic extract of Petroselinum crispum reduced the dysfunction in rats kidney caused by prostadin-induced abortion and could have beneficial effect in reducing the progression of prostaglandin-induced edema.

  8. Abnormal T-cell reactivity against paternal antigens in spontaneous abortion: adoptive transfer of pregnancy-induced CD4+CD25+ T regulatory cells prevents fetal rejection in a murine abortion model.

    Zenclussen, Ana Claudia; Gerlof, Katrin; Zenclussen, Maria Laura; Sollwedel, André; Bertoja, Annarosa Zambon; Ritter, Thomas; Kotsch, Katja; Leber, Joachim; Volk, Hans-Dieter


    Mammalian pregnancy is thought to be a state of immunological tolerance. The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still poorly understood. Here, we determined whether an inappropriate function of T regulatory (Treg) cells is involved in the pathogenesis of spontaneous abortion. We evaluated spleen and decidual lymphocytes from CBA/J mice undergoing immunological abortion (DBA/2J-mated) or having normal pregnancy (BALB/c-mated) on day 14 of gestation for ex vivo cytokine production after PMA or paternal antigen (alloantigen) stimulation. Treg activity was characterized by quantifying CD4(+)CD25(+) cells, foxp3 expression, and interleukin-10 secretion. Decidual lymphocytes from abortion CBA/J mice contained a significantly higher frequency of interferon-gamma-producing T cells specific for paternal antigens compared to those from normal pregnancy (7.8% versus 2.7%, P abortion mice. Very interestingly, CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg cells from normal pregnant and nonpregnant CBA/J mice could inhibit both proliferation and interferon-gamma secretion of lymphocytes from abortion mice in vitro whereas in vivo prevention of fetal rejection could only be achieved after adoptive transfer of Treg cells from normal pregnant mice. Our data suggest that pregnancy-induced Treg cells play a vital role in maternal tolerance to the allogeneic fetus.

  9. Expression of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Embryos of Spontaneous Abortion and Induced Abortion%血管内皮生长因子在自然流产胚胎和人工流产胚胎中的表达

    袁秀英; 韩临晓; 刘燕燕; 黄丽娥; 刘小媚


    Objective To explore the expression differences of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in embryos of spontaneous abortion and induced abortion. Methods According to gestational age, 80 women with abortion were divided into two groups. Immunohistochemistry was used to observe the expression of VEGF in embryonic villi of 30 cases of spontaneous abortion (patient group) and 50 cases of induced abortion (control group). Results Among different gestational ages, the expression of VEGF in patient group was lower than that of control group. The expression of VEGF in control group was increased with the gestational age, but the same trend was not observed in patient group. Conclusions Among the same gestational age, the expression of VEGF in embryonic villi of spontaneous abortion was declined as compared with that in induced abortion. The decreased expression of VEGF may be associated with spontaneous abortion.%目的 探讨自然流产胚胎和人工流产胚胎中血管内皮生长因子(VEGF)表达量的差异. 方法 按照孕周分组,采用免疫组化法检测30例自然流产胚胎(病例组)绒毛组织中VEGF的表达,同时收集50例人工流产的胚胎绒毛组织(对照组)检测VEGF进行对照分析研究. 结果 在不同的孕周,病例组其VEGF的表达量均较对照组降低,且对照组VEGF的表达量随着孕周的增加而增加,在病例组中却没有这样的趋势. 结论 自然流产的胚胎组织与同孕周的人工流产的胚胎组织相比其VEGF表达量下降,提示VEGF表达量下降可能与自然流产相关.

  10. 畸形子宫早孕药物流产的临床观察%Clinical Observation on Drug Induced Abortion in Abnormal Uterine Pregnancy

    赵童; 张立红


    Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of drug induced abortion in abnormal uterine preg-nancy (the uterine septum,uterus bicornis,bicorbate uterus and uterus unicornis).Methods:37 patients with abnormal uterine pregnancy received drug induced abortion (mifepristone combined with misoprostol) termination of pregnancy.Results:Among the 37 patients,28 patients were complete abortion,8 patients were incomplete abortion,1 case was abortion failure.Incomplete abortion and abortion failure patients un-derwent curettage,the postoperative course was uneventful,no accidents such as uterine perforation or suc-tion leaks occurred.The complete abortion rate was 75.7%,the curettage rate was 24.3%.Conclusion:The success rate of drug induced abortion in abnormal uterine pregnancy is high,and for incomplete abortion and medical abortion failure patients,because early drug effects enable embryo stripping,uterine contraction ex-trusion blastocyst and uterine luminal contents of depression or partial discharge,it can effectively reduce the risk of abortion.%目的::针对药物流产终止畸形子宫(子宫纵隔、双角子宫及鞍状子宫、单角子宫)早孕的临床效果展开探讨。方法:37名畸形子宫早孕患者用药物流产(米非司酮联合米索前列醇口服)终止妊娠。结果:37名患者中完全流产28名,未完全流产8名,流产失败1名。而后为不全流产及流产失败患者均行清宫术,手术过程顺利,未产生子宫穿孔、漏吸等情况。完全流产率为75.7%,清宫率为24.3%。结论:畸形子宫早孕应用药物流产成功概率较高,对不全流产及药流失败者因前期药物作用使胚胎剥离,子宫收缩挤压胚囊及宫腔内容物下移或部分排出,可有效降低清宫术的风险。

  11. [Cervix priming in induced abortion in the 1st trimester using intracervical administration of sulprostone gel].

    Rath, W; Meyer, D; Harder, D; Hilgers, R; Kuhn, W


    In a prospective, randomised study 40 primigravidae were treated intracervically with 0.05 mg or 0.1 mg Sulprostone-Tylose gel in order to soften the cervix prior to first trimester termination of pregnancy. Curettage was performed on the average 7.5 hours after prostaglandin administration. For objective demonstration of the priming effect, the force required for dilatation of the cervical canal was measured in Newtons by a special tonometer before prostaglandin application and before operation. The maximal dilatability with a force of 10 N, the increase in dilatability after local PG application, and the patency of the cervix were measured. The occurrence of PG-induced lower abdominal pain associated with contractions was analysed with regard to the number of episodes at pain, their timing and the required amount of analgesics. A modified visual analogue scale was used to evaluate the subjective pain experience. The abortive effect of 0.1 mg Sulprostone was found to be more efficient than the 0.05 mg dose. There was no statistical significant difference between the two doses, however, for the priming effect detectable with the tonometer. The subjective experience of pain, use of analgesics and the frequency of gastrointestinal side effects were significantly higher with 0.1 mg than with 0.05 mg Sulprostone. The visual analogue scale allows the patient to quantify, at least to some extent, her experience of pain, and enables a differentiated analgetic therapy. Because of its effectiveness and low rate of side effects, the intracervical application of 0.05 mg Sulprostone gel promises to be an advantageous alternative to other methods of cervical priming.

  12. [Induced abortion using prostaglandin E2 and F2alpha gel].

    Lippert, T H; Modly, T


    In this study of 20 patients in the 13th-17th week of pregnancy abortion was induced with intrauterine, extraamniotic application of prostaglandins (PG) E2 or F2 in gel form. The gel composition was as follows: 4% tylose MH 300, 2% glycerine, 1% chlorhexidine digluconate, 83% sterile distilled water and 10% PG stock solution. Both PGE2 and PGF2 gels were used. Final concentration was 2.5 mg E2 or 2.5 mg F2 per g of gel. Gel was applied via transcervical, extraamniotic polyethylene catheter every 2-3 hours. Results: PGE2-gel was used in 14 cases. After 3-4 applications both fetus and placenta were expelled. Average dose used was 4.6 mg E2/patient. First contractions started in 30 minutes; induction to expulsion time was 11 hours 35 minutes. F2-gel given to 6 patients resulted in expulsion of the fetus in all cases but placenta needed removal by curettage in 4 patients. Average dose per patient was 17.7 mg of F2; first contractions in 30 minutes, average expulsion time 17 hours 38 minutes. With both PGs there were painful contractions which were controlled with a combination of pentazocine and Valium. PGE2 caused vomiting in 5 patients. No increased bleeding or postabortion infection occurred. Follow-up curettage was done in all patients to ensure removal of all tissues. Overall evaluation of the PG-gels was considered good. PG stability in gel form is good; during 8 months of preservation in sterile aluminum tubes at -25 degrees Celsius no decline in clinical effectiveness was noted. The gel application is less expensive than the slow-injection pump method.

  13. The association between education and induced abortion for three cohorts of adults in Finland.

    Väisänen, Heini


    This paper explores whether the likelihood of abortion by education changed over time in Finland, where comprehensive family planning services and sexuality education have been available since the early 1970s. This subject has not previously been studied longitudinally with comprehensive and reliable data. A unique longitudinal set of register data of more than 250,000 women aged 20-49 born in 1955-59, 1965-69, and 1975-79 was analysed, using descriptive statistics, concentration curves, and discrete-time event-history models. Women with basic education had a higher likelihood of abortion than others and the association grew stronger for later cohorts. Selection into education may explain this phenomenon: although it was fairly common to have only basic education in the 1955-59 cohort, it became increasingly unusual over time. Thus, even though family planning services were easily available, socio-economic differences in the likelihood of abortion remained.

  14. Use of psychotropic drugs before pregnancy and the risk for induced abortion: population-based register-data from Finland 1996-2006

    Ritvanen Annukka


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Some, though not all studies have reported an increased risk for mental health problems after an induced abortion. Problems with design and data have compromised these studies and the generalisation of their results. Methods The Finnish Medication and Pregnancy database (N = 622 671 births and 114 518 induced abortions for other than fetal reasons in 1996-2006 was utilised to study the use of psychotropic drugs in the three months before a pregnancy ending in a birth or an induced abortion. Results In total 2.1% of women with a birth and 5.1% of women with an induced abortion had used a psychotropic medicine 0-3 months before pregnancy. Psychotropic drug users terminated their pregnancies (30.9% more often than other pregnant women (15.5%. Adjustment for background characteristics explained one third of this elevated risk, but the risk remained significantly increased among users of psychotropic medicine (OR 1.94, 95% confidence intervals 1.87-2.02. A similar risk was found for first pregnancies (30.1% vs. 18.9%; adjusted OR 1.53, 95% confidence intervals 1.42-1.65. The rate for terminating pregnancy was the highest for women using hypnotics and sedatives (35.6% for all pregnancies and 29.1% for first pregnancies, followed by antipsychotics (33.9% and 36.0% and antidepressants (32.0% and 32.1%. Conclusions The observed increased risk for induced abortion among women with psychotropic medication highlighs the importance to acknowledge the mental health needs of women seeking an induced abortion. Further studies are needed to establish the impact of pre-existing differences in mental health on mental health outcomes of induced abortions compared to outcomes of pregnancies ending in a birth.

  15. Abortamento induzido: vivência de mulheres baianas Induced abortion: the experience of women from the Brazilian state of Bahia

    Vanessa do Nascimento Pereira


    study was conducted in a public maternity hospital in the city of Salvador (Northeastern Brazil, and the subjects were nine women hospitalized due to induced abortion. To collect data, we used the interview accompanied by a semi-structured form. Ethical aspects were considered based on Resolution 196/96 of the National Health Council. For the analysis of the discourses, we used Bardin's content analysis technique. The sample was characterized by predominantly black adult women, married or in a stable union, financially dependent on the partner. In the analysis, two themes emerged: motivation and feelings. Among the reasons leading to abortion, there are financial difficulties, the number of children, the experience of domestic violence and the loss of their autonomy. The process of aborting generates fear of death, sadness and relief. Women experiencing induced abortion revealed a very painful process from the moment they discover the pregnancy until the difficult decision to interrupt it. When they are not helped, these women perpetuate the pain, living days of anguish and guilt. The exercise of listening and welcoming these women must be present in the lives of health professionals, regardless of their views on abortion, so that the women can express their feelings, and then get appropriate help and referral.

  16. Clinical Effects of Lithospermum Ruderale Dosage and Using-time on Medicinal Abortion Induced by Mifepris-tone and Misoprostol

    刘建华; 法韫玉; 曹爱华


    The clinical effects of dosage during the period of treatment of Lithospermum Ruderale extract—α kind of Chinese traditional herbal medicine—on medicinal abor-tion induced by mifepristone and misoprostol were studied. Lithospermum Ruderale extract was administrated 3d before, 3d after or 3d before plus 3d after the admin-istration of misoprostol respectively. The dose of Lithospermum Ruderale extract was 50g, 75g or 100g respectively. Thus 1 350 women of early pregnancy were grouped into 9 groups and observed. The results showed that the effects of Lithospermum Rud-erale used 3d before, and 3 d before plus 3d after ( 6 days misoprostol were signifi-cantly better than those only used 3d after misoprostol both for complete abortion and bleeding (P< 0. 05). The dosage between 50g and 100g made no significant differ-ence in clinical effects. Therefore it is reasonable to use 50g Lithospermum Ruderale before misoprostol to improve medicinal abortion.

  17. 保胎无忧散对小鼠诱导性流产的保胎作用%Anti-abortion effect of Baotai wuyousan on mice abortion induced by mifepristone

    耿梅英; 苑方重; 钟秀会


    选择保胎无忧散预处理试验小鼠,观察保胎无忧散对米非司酮(RU486)诱导流产作用的抑制效果.结果显示,使用RU486在孕7d,颈部注射后,试验小鼠的流产率达到了100%;应用中药方剂保胎无忧散能有效对抗RU486诱导的小鼠流产,试验中动物模型的流产率从100%下降到40%;组织学观察发现,RU486诱导流产小鼠子宫内膜出现明显损伤,而在中药方剂组,试验小鼠子宫得到了有效的保护.%This study attempted to identify the potential immunomodulatory and anti-abortion effect of Baotai wuyousan on induced abortion by mifepristone (RU486).RU486 was given via subcutaneous injection to induce abortion in mice at day 7 of gestation after received an oral gavage formular medicines everyday and progesterone via peritoneal injection were observed as con tral.The abortion rate of mouse given RU486 was 100%,and decreased to 40% dramatically as fed Baotai wuyousan,indicating its significant tocolysis effect on the abortion induced by RU486.

  18. [Psychological aspects of voluntary induced abortion among fathers drafted into military service].

    Dubouis-bonnefond, J C; Galle-tessonneau, J R


    This work examines the symptomatology of 4 young men recently drafted into military service in France who had negative reactions to their partner's abortions. The men ranged in age from 19-21 years. In all cases there was frank depression, accompanied or not by activity illegal in the eyes of the military (unauthorized leave) or of the common law (theft, use of drugs). The abortion was either a pretext for a rapid decompensation of a pathological personality, or it occasioned a crisis in personalities previously relatively well adapted despite immaturity, psychopathology, or weakness. The organization of the couples tended to be recent, unstable, precarious, and without a promising future either affectively or socioeconomically. Either the woman decided to seek an abortion herself and presented the father with an accomplished fact, or the couple tacitly made a joint decision to seek an abortion, in which case the subsequent illegal activity of the father tended to be more serious. Each of the men had conflictive family relationships with their fathers especially perceived as hostile and rejecting. All of the men had attempted suicide or had considered it. Induction into the army has traditionally been seen as a rite of passage to adult life, but in some cases the emotional distances it causes and the socioeconomic difficulties it aggravates prevent the man from undertaking the responsibilities of fatherhood. In these cases it is as if social maturity can be acquired only at the expense of fatherhood; the 2 states cannot coexist. Frustration and sacrifice of fatherhood nevertheless may occasion loss of the social maturity stemming from military service. The abortion is followed by guilt, psychic suffering, and behavioral problems leading to expulsion from the military. On the symbolic level the man does not become either man or father. Another point is that depression, anxiety, and guilt are an affective expression of the idea of death; the embryo is thought of as

  19. Prevalence and characteristics of women with induced abortion--Favela México 70, São Vicente-São Paulo.

    Santos, Tássia Ferreira; Andreoni, Solange; de Souza e Silva, Rebeca


    In Brazil, abortion is among the leading causes of maternal mortality. Research has shown that abortion is practiced clandestinely by women of all social classes, but has unequal consequences depending on social inclusion, producing risks to poor women. Although the issue has been widely explored in the past 20 years, there is a lack of data about low-income women. Thus, the present study aims to estimate the prevalence of women with induced abortion. Women from a population-based household survey in low-income sectors of São Vicente, São Paulo were recruited. Women of childbearing age from 15 to 49 years were eligible. The evaluation of the prevalence ratios for women with induced abortion was performed by using generalized linear models, with Poisson log-link function and robust variance to approximate the binomial. The most frequent variables that influenced reporting of abortion were: "always accept this practice" (95% CI 2.98-11.02), followed by "not having a child born alive" (95% CI 1.35-19.78), having "two to five live births" (95% CI 1.42-14.40), "having 'six or more live births" (95% CI 1.35-19.78), "age at interview" (95% CI 1.01-1.07) and "income" abortion, which can raise awareness among women in favor of the cause, especially among those in low-income strata is necessary to prevent unnecessary deaths.

  20. The Other Side: How does Informed Choice Affect Induced Abortions among Reproductive-Age Immigrant Women in China—A Cross-Sectional Study

    Chuanning Yu


    Full Text Available This study attempted to explore how informed choice on contraceptive methods influenced induced abortions among reproductive-age immigrant women in China. A total of 3230 participants were recruited in Beijing, Shanghai, and Chongqing. Information on informed choice was collected by questionnaires. The annual incidence rate (spells of induced abortions was 0.46 (1500/3230 among the participants. The sequence from the highest score to the lowest was long-term, short-term and natural contraceptive methods (p < 0.0001. Significant differences of rates in induced abortions were found in region, occupation, length of the first immigration up to now (year, purpose for immigration, number of children, marital status, sex preference, contraceptive methods, deciders of contraceptive methods and side effects. In the zero-inflated negative binomial model, the joint impacts showed when a participant with one child employed condoms or family planning service providers as the deciders of contraceptive methods introduced intrauterine devices, the occurrence of induced abortions was more likely to be reduced. Women who underwent side effects using pills were more likely to have had induced abortions.

  1. [Plasma hormone concentrations in induced abortion with local prostaglandin administration in the 1st trimester].

    Rath, W; König, A; Ulbrich, R; Hilgers, R; Kuske, R; Kuhn, W


    Abortion was performed by curettage on 71 women with pregnancies between the 7th and the 13th week of gestation seven to eight hours after intracervical application of a tylose gel containing 3mg prostaglandin F2 alpha. Prior to the application of the prostaglandin and immediately before the surgical intervention a sonographic examination for determining the vitality of the pregnancy was carried out.--Plasma progesteron, estradiol and HPL levels were determined radioimmunologically prior to the application of prostaglandin, at four-hour intervals on the day of intervention, and 24, 48 and 72 hours after the intervention. In 22 women a complete or an incomplete abortion occurred; in two cases a blighted ovum was observed; 47 pregnancies, according to sonographic examination, remained intact until curettage. After seven to eight hours duration of the effect of the prostaglandin gel, progesterone levels were found to be reduced to 60.5 per cent and 17-beta-estradiol to 31.4 per cent of the initial values, whereas the HPL values fell below the specificity of the testing procedure (12.5 ng/ml). Comparative investigations of the pregnancies which, according to sonographic findings, remained intact until curettage and those which were aborted after the application of prostaglandin did not, in spite of low plasma progesterone and estradiol levels in the abortive group, reveal any statistically significant differences. The abortive effect--even with local application--of the prostaglandins was confirmed. Conclusions regarding the effective mechanism of the prostaglandins upon the fetoplacental unit and the function of the corpus luteum remain subject to speculation.

  2. Provokeret abort

    Christiansen, Connie; Schmidt, Garbi; Christoffersen, Mogens

    Gennem en række interview om kvinders oplevelse og erfaringer med provokert abort, samt ved at bruge data fra en stor forløbsundersøgelse af kvinder født i 1966, giver forfatterne bag denne rapport et præcist signalement af de kvinder, der vælger at få foretaget en provokeret abort og de eventuelle...... for sundhedspersonale og andre socialarbejdere. Den statistiske undersøgelse viser, at hver fjerde danske kvinde vil komme i den situation at skulle have en abort. Især kvinder med vanskelige opvækstvilkår er i risikogruppen. Tilgengæld er der næsten ingen langvarige fysiske og psykiske virkninger abort af abort, med...

  3. The Other Side: How does Informed Choice Affect Induced Abortions among Reproductive-Age Immigrant Women in China—A Cross-Sectional Study

    Yu, Chuanning; Wu, Junqing; Li, Yuyan; Zhou, Ying; Zhao, Rui; Ji, Honglei; Li, Yi-Ran; Han, Ying; Tong, Qi


    This study attempted to explore how informed choice on contraceptive methods influenced induced abortions among reproductive-age immigrant women in China. A total of 3230 participants were recruited in Beijing, Shanghai, and Chongqing. Information on informed choice was collected by questionnaires. The annual incidence rate (spells) of induced abortions was 0.46 (1500/3230) among the participants. The sequence from the highest score to the lowest was long-term, short-term and natural contraceptive methods (p abortions were found in region, occupation, length of the first immigration up to now (year), purpose for immigration, number of children, marital status, sex preference, contraceptive methods, deciders of contraceptive methods and side effects. In the zero-inflated negative binomial model, the joint impacts showed when a participant with one child employed condoms or family planning service providers as the deciders of contraceptive methods introduced intrauterine devices, the occurrence of induced abortions was more likely to be reduced. Women who underwent side effects using pills were more likely to have had induced abortions. PMID:27783059

  4. Induced Abortion: Risk Factors for Adolescent Female Students, a Brazilian Study

    Correia, Divanise S.; Jairo C. Cavalcante; Maia, Eulàlia M. C.


    The purpose of this study was to analyze risk factors for abortion among female teenagers from 12 to 19 years of age in the city of Maceió, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in ten schools. The sample was calculated by considering the number of admissions for postabortion curettage, obtained from the Information System of Hospitalization. Data were obtained through a semi-structured questionnaire divided into three basic blocks of data: sociodemographic, sexual life, and preg...

  5. Comparative study of sublingual and vaginal misoprostol in second trimester induced abortion

    Sangeeta Raman Jogi


    Full Text Available Background: To recognize an effective Misoprostol only regime and to compare the efficacy, safety and acceptability of sublingual and vaginal Misoprostol for the termination of second trimester of pregnancy. Methods: The study was a prospective randomized trial. Women attending OPD from January2012 to December 2013, for medical abortion between gestational ages 13-20 weeks were screened, selected and divided in to two groups. Group-A received misoprostol 400 and micro;g then 200 and micro;g sublingually 3 hourly, Group-B received misoprostol 400 and micro;g then 200 and micro;g vaginally 3 hourly. They were observed for 24 hours. Main outcomes were induction-abortion interval, dose required, success rate and side effects and comfort to the route of administration. Results: Mean induction-abortion interval was 9.28 +/- 5.824 hours, 95% CI: 7.62-10.94in sublingual misoprostol group and 13.68 +/- 6.179 hours, 95% CI: 11.92-15.44 in vaginal group. Mean dose required for abortion was 948 +/- 389.264 and micro;g, 95% CI: 837.37-1058.63 in sublingual and 1248 +/- 415.142 and micro;g, 95% CI: 1,130.02-1,365.98in vaginal group. Success rate was 98% and 94%, respectively in two groups. The differences were statistically significant. Comfort to the route of administration was 90% in sublingual and 60% in vaginal group. Conclusions: Both sublingual and vaginal routes of Misoprostol are equally effective, safe, inexpensive and acceptable method. Sublingual route is better and preferred by women. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(5.000: 1453-1459

  6. Genetically induced oxidative stress in mice causes thrombocytosis, splenomegaly and placental angiodysplasia that leads to recurrent abortion

    Takamasa Ishii


    Full Text Available Historical data in the 1950s suggests that 7%, 11%, 33%, and 87% of couples were infertile by ages 30, 35, 40 and 45, respectively. Up to 22.3% of infertile couples have unexplained infertility. Oxidative stress is associated with male and female infertility. However, there is insufficient evidence relating to the influence of oxidative stress on the maintenance of a viable pregnancy, including pregnancy complications and fetal development. Recently, we have established Tet-mev-1 conditional transgenic mice, which can express the doxycycline-induced mutant SDHCV69E transgene and experience mitochondrial respiratory chain dysfunction leading to intracellular oxidative stress. In this report, we demonstrate that this kind of abnormal mitochondrial respiratory chain-induced chronic oxidative stress affects fertility, pregnancy and delivery rates as well as causes recurrent abortions, occasionally resulting in maternal death. Despite this, spermatogenesis and early embryogenesis are completely normal, indicating the mutation's effects to be rather subtle. Female Tet-mev-1 mice exhibit thrombocytosis and splenomegaly in both non-pregnant and pregnant mice as well as placental angiodysplasia with reduced Flt-1 protein leading to hypoxic conditions, which could contribute to placental inflammation and fetal abnormal angiogenesis. Collectively these data strongly suggest that chronic oxidative stress caused by mitochondrial mutations provokes spontaneous abortions and recurrent miscarriage resulting in age-related female infertility.

  7. Intranasal infection with Chlamydia abortus induces dose-dependent latency and abortion in sheep.

    David Longbottom

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Latency is a key feature of the animal pathogen Chlamydia abortus, where infection remains inapparent in the non-pregnant animal and only becomes evident during a subsequent pregnancy. Often the first sign that an animal is infected is abortion occurring late in gestation. Despite this, little is understood of the underlying mechanisms that control latency or the recrudescence of infection that occurs during subsequent pregnancy. The aim of this study was to develop an experimental model of latency by mimicking the natural route of infection through the intranasal inoculation of non-pregnant sheep with C. abortus. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Three groups of sheep (groups 1, 2 and 3 were experimentally infected with different doses of C. abortus (5×10(3, 5×10(5 and 5×10(7 inclusion forming units (IFU, respectively prior to mating and monitored over 2 breeding cycles for clinical, microbiological, pathological, immunological and serological outcomes. Two further groups received either negative control inoculum (group 4a,b or were inoculated subcutaneously on day 70 of gestation with 2×10(6 IFU C. abortus (group 5. Animals in groups 1, 2 and 5 experienced an abortion rate of 50-67%, while only one animal aborted in group 3 and none in group 4a,b. Pathological, microbiological, immunological and serological analyses support the view that the maternal protective immune response is influenced by initial exposure to the bacterium. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The results show that intranasal administration of non-pregnant sheep with a low/medium dose of C. abortus results in a latent infection that leads in a subsequent pregnancy to infection of the placenta and abortion. In contrast a high dose stimulates protective immunity, resulting in a much lower abortion rate. This model will be useful in understanding the mechanisms of infection underlying latency and onset of disease, as well as in the development of novel therapeutics and

  8. Reproductive outcomes in adolescents who had a previous birth or an induced abortion compared to adolescents' first pregnancies

    Wenzlaff Paul


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recently, attention has been focused on subsequent pregnancies among teenage mothers. Previous studies that compared the reproductive outcomes of teenage nulliparae and multiparae often did not consider the adolescents' reproductive histories. Thus, the authors compared the risks for adverse reproductive outcomes of adolescent nulliparae to teenagers who either have had an induced abortion or a previous birth. Methods In this retrospective cohort study we used perinatal data prospectively collected by obstetricians and midwives from 1990–1999 (participation rate 87–98% of all hospitals in Lower Saxony, Germany. From the 9742 eligible births among adolescents, women with multiple births, >1 previous pregnancies, or a previous spontaneous miscarriage were deleted and 8857 women Results In bivariate logistic regression analyses, compared to nulliparous teenagers, adolescents with a previous birth had higher risks for perinatal [OR = 2.08, CI = 1.11,3.89] and neonatal [OR = 4.31, CI = 1.77,10.52] mortality and adolescents with a previous abortion had higher risks for stillbirths [OR = 3.31, CI = 1.01,10.88] and preterm births [OR = 2.21, CI = 1.07,4.58]. After adjusting for maternal nationality, partner status, smoking, prenatal care and pre-pregnancy BMI, adolescents with a previous birth were at higher risk for perinatal [OR = 2.35, CI = 1.14,4.86] and neonatal mortality [OR = 4.70, CI = 1.60,13.81] and adolescents with a previous abortion had a higher risk for very low birthweight infants [OR = 2.74, CI = 1.06,7.09] than nulliparous teenagers. Conclusion The results suggest that teenagers who give birth twice as adolescents have worse outcomes in their second pregnancy compared to those teenagers who are giving birth for the first time. The prevention of the second pregnancy during adolescence is an important public health objective and should be addressed by health care providers who attend the first birth or the abortion

  9. Abortion and Mental Health: Evaluating the Evidence

    Major, Brenda; Appelbaum, Mark; Beckman, Linda; Dutton, Mary Ann; Russo, Nancy Felipe; West, Carolyn


    The authors evaluated empirical research addressing the relationship between induced abortion and women's mental health. Two issues were addressed: (a) the relative risks associated with abortion compared with the risks associated with its alternatives and (b) sources of variability in women's responses following abortion. This article reflects…

  10. Induced abortion on demand and birth rate in Sami-speaking municipalities and a control group in Finnmark, Norway

    Jan Norum


    Full Text Available Objectives. The objective of this study was to analyze the birth and induced abortion on demand (IAD rate among women in Sami-speaking communities and a control group in Finnmark County, Norway. Methods. The 6 northern municipalities included in the administration area of the Sami language law (study group were matched with a control group of 9 municipalities. Population data (numbers, sex and age were accessed from Statistics Norway. Data on birth rate and IAD during the time period 1999–2009 were derived from the Medical Birth Registry (MBR of Norway. Data on number of women in fertile age (15–44 years were obtained from Statistics Norway. Between 2001 and 2008, this age group was reduced by 12% (Sami and 23% (controls, respectively. Results. Finnmark County has a high IAD rate and 1 in 4 pregnancies (spontaneous abortions excluded ended in IAD in the study and control groups. The total fertility rate per woman was 1.94 and 1.87 births, respectively. There was no difference between groups with regard to the IAD/birth ratio (P=0.94 or general fertility rate GFR (P=0.82. Conclusions. Women in the Sami-majority area and a control group in Finnmark County experienced a similar frequency of IAD and fertility rate.

  11. Clinical Effects of Lithospermum Ruderale Dosage and Using-time on Medicinal Abortion Induced by Mifepris tone and Misoprostol


    The clinical effects of dosage during the period of treatment of Lithospermum Ruderale extract-a kind of Chinese traditional herbal medicine-on medicinal abor tion induced by mifepristone and misoprostol were studied. Lithospermum Ruderale extract was administrated 3 d before, 3 d after or 3 d before plus 3 d after the admin istration of misoprostol respectively. The dose of Lithospermum Ruderale extract was 50 g, 75 g or 100g respectively. Thus 1 350 women of early pregnancy were grouped into 9 groups and observed. The results showed that the effects of Lithospermum Rud erale used 3 d before, and 3 d before plus 3 d after (6 days misoprostol were signifi cantly better than those only used 3 d after misoprostol both for complete abortion and bleeding (P<0.05). The dosage between 50 g and l00 g made no significant differ ence in clinical effects. Therefore it is reasonable to use 50 g Lithospermum Ruderale before misoprostol to improve medicinal abortion.

  12. 人流术后的健康指导%Health guidance after induced abortion



    目的:探讨人工流产手术之后的注意事项。方法回顾性总结人工流产手术之后对患者的健康指导事项。结果经过科学的健康更指导患者大多能够很快恢复健康。结论人流术后患者要严格遵守医护人员的健康指导,这对患者术后身体的恢复有很大的促进作用。%Objective: To investigate the matters needing attention after artificial abortion operation.Methods:The health guidance for patients after artificial abortion operation were reviewed and summarized.Results: Most of the patients were able to resume health quickly after scientific health and more guidance.Conclusion: The health guidance of the health care workers should be strictly observed after the operation of the patients, and it will promote the recovery of the body after the operation.

  13. T-cell activation. V. Anti-major histocompatibility complex class I antibody-induced activation and clonal abortion in Jurkat T-leukaemic cells

    Claesson, M H; Dissing, S; Tscherning, T;


    We have studied activation-induced changes in intracellular calcium [Ca2+]i, interleukin-2 (IL-2) secretion, and clonal abortion of the human leukaemic T-cell line Jurkat and three T-cell receptor (TcR)/CD3 receptor negative clones deficient for the TcR alpha, TcR beta and CD3 gamma chains respec...

  14. High prevalence of unwanted pregnancies and induced abortions among HIV-infected women from Western India : need to emphasize dual method use?

    Darak, Shrinivas; Hutter, Inge; Kulkarni, Vinay; Kulkarni, Sanjeevani; Janssen, Fanny


    This study examines the prevalence, reasons, and predictors of unwanted pregnancies and induced abortions among ever married HIV-infected women attending a care facility in Maharashtra, Western India, and discusses its programmatic and policy implications. Retrospectively collected data of pregnanci

  15. Improving Sexual and Contraceptive Behaviours of Unmarried Female Youth with First Trimester Induced Abortion in Sichuan, China

    Lin LUO; Shi-zhong WU; Lun ZHANG; Wei-dong CAI; Su-mei JIANG; Qi-fu FAN; Zhi-qun ZHAO; Liu-zhi ZHOU


    Objectives To understand the changes on sexual and contraceptive behaviours of unmarried induced abortion(IA) youth by intervention in Sichuan, China; and to find a way to improve sexual and contraceptive behaviours of unmarried IA youth. Methods Intervention epidemiological surveys (baseline and evaluation) plus qualitative interview were used. During July 2002 and July 2003, 2 484 unmarried female volunteers who aged 15-29 years and come to clinics seeking abortion were recruited by cluster random sampling from the four selected regions of Sichuan, 48 volunteers were interviewed for 8 focusgroup discussions (FGDs) and 16 in-depth interviews equally for each survey. Information, education anol communication(IEC) materials, education sessions, trainings and counseling were given to subjects and service providers during the project implementation. Questionnaires for surveys and guidelines for qualitative interviews were used.Results Comparison of the after with the before intervention: 1) the proportion of respondents having knowledge about sexuality was increased by 13%. Among them,the proportion of respondents got part and most of the knowledge was increased by 43%. Maximum number of sex partners the respondents have decreased from 9 to 4. Respondents' partnerships have gradually changed from more acquaintances/school mates/boy friends to fiancés mainly; 2) respondents' contraceptive use rate was in creased by 20%. Among them, the condom use rate increased rapidly to 80%.Purposes of condom use were changed from only for contraception to for prevention of HIV/AIDS/STDs and pregnancy. And most of respondents stabilised their method use - condoms. Most of respondents suggested condoms was the method most suitable for unmarried IA youth, this proportion was increased by 44%; 3) proportion of respon dents knowing more about consequences of induced abortion was increased by 24%; and 4) proportions of respondents having depression and anxiety symptoms were decreased

  16. Development of Autoimmune Overt Hypothyroidism Is Highly Associated With Live Births and Induced Abortions but Only in Premenopausal Women

    Carle, Allan; Pedersen, Inge Buelow; Knudsen, Nils


    Context: The 1-year postpartum period is often accompanied by increased risk for thyroid disease. Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the role of reproductive risk factors in the development of autoimmune overt hypothyroidism in the years after the 1-year postpartum period....... Design, Setting, and Subjects: In a population study, we included Danish women with new autoimmune overt hypothyroidism not diagnosed within the first year after a pregnancy (n = 117; median age 53.0 y) and age-andregion-matched euthyroid controls from the same population (n = 468). Main Outcome Measures......: In conditional multivariate logistic regression models, we analyzed the associations between the development of autoimmune hypothyroidism and age at menarche/menopause, years of menstruations, pregnancies, spontaneous and induced abortions, live births, and years on oral contraceptives and postmenopausal hormone...

  17. Second trimester medical abortion – perceptions and experiences

    Andersson, Inga-Maj


    Introduction Second-trimester abortions account for 10 - 15 % of all induced abortions worldwide with a wide variation of permits in different countries. In Sweden, second-trimester abortions account for less than 10 % of the total number of induced abortions. The indication can be fetal or socioeconomic. The medical abortion regimen with mifepristone and misoprostol, is the regimen used in Sweden. The treatment with misoprostol often causes painful contractions, and prophylactic as we...

  18. Abortamento espontâneo e provocado: ansiedade, depressão e culpa Spountaneous and induced abortion: anxiety, depression and guilty

    Gláucia Rosana Guerra Benute


    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Caracterizar a população que sofreu abortamento; investigar a existência de ansiedade e depressão; verificar se existe ou não sentimento de culpa após o abortamento e comparar os resultados entre mulheres que sofreram abortamento espontâneo e as que provocaram-no. MÉTODOS: 50 mulheres com abortamento espontâneo e 50 com provocado foram entrevistadas 30 dias após o abortamento. Foi realizada entrevista com questões abertas e fechadas e aplicada a escala Hospital Anxiety and depression. RESULTADOS: As mulheres que viveram o abortamento espontâneo encontram-se mais culpadas (30% que as que provocaram-no (18%. No entanto, as mulheres que provocaram o abortamento encontraram-se mais ansiosas (média de 11 e mais deprimidas (média de 8,3 que as mulheres que viveram abortamento espontâneo (médias de 8,7 e 6,1; respectivamente, pBACKGROUND: Pregnancy has a symbolic meaning for each woman. It varies according to personality structure and is related to women's previous life experiences. OBJECTIVES: the aim was to characterize the women that suffered abortion, asking about anxiety and depression, looking for guilty feelings after abortion, and to compare results between women who suffered spontaneous abortion and those who had intentional abortion. METHODS: fifty women with spontaneous and fifty with induced abortion were interviewed 30 days after the procedure. A semistructured questionnaire with open and closed-end questions and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were administered. RESULTS: woman who induced abortion revealed to be more anxious (mean 11 and depressed (mean 8.3 than woman with spontaneous abortion (means 8.7 and 6.1 respectively, p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: women who presented induced abortion were more anxious and depressed, as shown by later life events, full of problematic feelings and the need fort sychological support.

  19. 21 CFR 884.5050 - Metreurynter-balloon abortion system.


    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Metreurynter-balloon abortion system. 884.5050... Devices § 884.5050 Metreurynter-balloon abortion system. (a) Identification. A metreurynter-balloon abortion system is a device used to induce abortion. The device is inserted into the uterine...


    Joylene Diana; Sujaya V.


    Medical abortion is the use of drugs to induce abortion of a fetus. Due to the advances in the field of research , numerous regimens have been formulated to ensure a fast and complete expulsion of the fetus. These regimens also aim to towards reduced post abortal side effects and to decrease the need for surgical evacuation ...

  1. [Anencephaly associated with uterine rupture during induced abortion. A clinical case].

    Calleri, L; Gallello, D; Taccani, C; Porcelli, A


    A 32 year old woman, at the 23rd week + 3 days gestational age, was admitted to our institute for a therapeutic abortion decided because of an ultrasonographic diagnosis of anencephaly. This woman had already had a cesarean section caused by acute fetal stress during labor in 1992. We decided for a labor induction with prostaglandin analogues: we used gemeprost vaginal tablets and after injectable sulproste. During this treatment we observed increasing abdominal pain, slight genital haemorrhage, vanishing HFR, an elevated reduction of haemoglobin (7 g): so, we thought of a uterine rupture. During the intervention, we observed a conspicuous haemoperitonei caused by a complete yielding of the old hysterotomic suture at the cervix border; the placenta and its adnexals get out from the uterine breach and the fetus fluctuated in the abdominal cavity, also enclosed in his unruptured amniotic fluid. Post-intervention course was satisfactory and we discharged the patient during the 7th admission day. Our personal experience shows the importance of a careful monitoring of maternal and fetal conditions during labor induction, particularly in those cases in which a woman was already submitted to a hysterotomy, and especially when the use of different types of prostaglandin drugs may be necessary.

  2. SUPPRESSOR OF APICAL DOMINANCE1 of Sporisorium reilianum changes inflorescence branching at early stages in di- and monocot plants and induces fruit abortion in Arabidopsis thaliana.

    Drechsler, Frank; Schwinges, Patrick; Schirawski, Jan


    sporisorium reilianum f. sp. zeae is a biotrophic smut fungus that infects maize (Zea mays). Among others, the fungus-plant interaction is governed by secreted fungal effector proteins. The effector SUPPRESSOR OF APICAL DOMINANCE1 (SAD1) changes the development of female inflorescences and induces outgrowth of subapical ears in S. reilianum-infected maize. When stably expressed in Arabidopsis thaliana as a GFP-SAD1 fusion protein, SAD1 induces earlier inflorescence branching and abortion of siliques. Absence of typical hormone-dependent phenotypes in other parts of the transgenic A. thaliana plants expressing GFP-SAD1 hint to a hormone-independent induction of bud outgrowth by SAD1. Silique abortion and bud outgrowth are also known to be controlled by carbon source concentration and by stress-induced molecules, making these factors interesting potential SAD1 targets.

  3. Demand for abortion and post abortion care in Ibadan, Nigeria


    Background While induced abortion is considered to be illegal and socially unacceptable in Nigeria, it is still practiced by many women in the country. Poor family planning and unsafe abortion practices have daunting effects on maternal health. For instance, Nigeria is on the verge of not meeting the Millennium development goals on maternal health due to high maternal mortality ratio, estimated to be about 630 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Recent evidences have shown that a major f...

  4. Mental health and abortion: review and analysis.

    Ney, P G; Wickett, A R


    This survey of studies which relate to the emotional sequelae of induced abortion, draws attention to the need for more long-term, in-depth prospective studies. The literature to this point finds no psychiatric indications for abortion, and no satisfactory evidence that abortion improves the psychological state of those not mentally ill; abortion is contra-indicated when psychiatric disease is present, as mental ill-health has been shown to be worsened by abortion. Recent studies are turning up an alarming rate of post-abortion complications such as P.I.D., and subsequent infertility. The emotional impact of these complications needs to be studied. Other considerations looked at are the long-term demographic implications of abortion on demand and the effect on the medical professions.

  5. Contraception and abortion in Romania.

    Johnson, B R; Horga, M; Andronache, L


    After the downfall of the Ceausescu regime in December, 1989, the new Government of Romania abolished the law that prohibited abortions on request. Subsequently, the rate of legally induced abortions increased significantly while the rate of maternal mortality declined dramatically. Despite the large number of women who request induced abortions, most women and gynaecologists say that they would prefer to prevent unwanted pregnancies through the use of modern contraception. In this paper we examine factors that contribute to the disparity between women's desire to use modern contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancies and their practice of having induced abortions to prevent unwanted births. The results show that women (and suggest that men) need a wide choice of dependably available high-quality contraceptives; they need to be able to obtain information, counselling, and methods from a wide range of sources/health-care providers; both women's and men's perceptions about, and use of, modern contraception could be positively affected through sexual education started in secondary school; and, to reduce repeat abortions, women's post-abortion family-planning needs must not be neglected.

  6. 无痛人工流产对避孕观念与行为的影响%The influence of painless induced abortion on contraceptive concept and behavior

    陈静; 刘晓瑷; 赵普文


    目的:探讨无痛人工流产(简称人流)对避孕观念与行为的影响,为促进流产后避孕提出建议。方法抽取2011年12月至2012年8月在上海10家医院做无痛人流和常规人流对象各1000例,分别对其采用问卷进行调查,内容包括一般人口学特征,避孕方法的知晓与获得,避孕方法的选择与使用,影响高效避孕方法使用的原因等。结果共完成有效调查问卷1787份,其中无痛人流组949份,常规人流组838份。人群对避孕方法知晓度由高到低排序,无痛人流组为避孕套、口服避孕药、安全期、体外排精、宫内节育器、杀精剂;常规人流组为避孕套、口服避孕药、宫内节育器、安全期、体外排精、杀精剂。影响高效避孕方法使用的原因主要是担心不良反应。本次意外妊娠避孕失败的前3位原因是避孕套、安全期、体外排精。而未避孕对象的主要因素是怀有侥幸心理。接受流产后避孕咨询指导后,两组使用避孕方法的对象均比术前增加。结论无痛人流对象的避孕观念及避孕行为与常规人流对象相似,流产后避孕咨询服务很重要,重点是倡导坚持和正确使用避孕方法。%Objective To explore the influence of painless induced abortion on contraceptive concept and behavior, to promote high-efficiency contraception after abortion.Methods A total of 1 000 cases accepted induced abortion in 10 hospitals in Shanghai from Dec 2011 to Jul 2012 were enrolled, who were surveyed with questionnaire including general demographic characteristics, knowledge of contraceptive methods and obtained, selection and use of contraceptive methods, influence factors of high-efficiency contraception, et al.Results 1 787 copies of questionnaire were completed, 949 copies were painless induced abortion group, 838 copies were normal induced abortion group.The degree of knowledge of contraceptive methods ranked as follows

  7. Safe abortion: a woman's right.

    Sangala, Vanessa


    Complications of induced abortion sadly remain significant causes of maternal mortality and morbidity around the world, but only in countries that do not provide access to safe abortion services. This article presents a brief account of how high maternal mortality from induced abortion became history in the UK and the dire consequences to women's health that unsafe abortion still has in many countries of the world. It gives a brief overview of the methods available to evacuate the uterus, with particular reference to manual vacuum aspiration. The status of the law in different countries is discussed, together with the need for health professionals to interpret repressive laws in ways that enables them to care for women who seek their help. Safe abortion services are cost effective, essential services for women. Men are part and parcel of the reason women resort to terminating a pregnancy, and, together with the countless children whose lives are dependent on a healthy caring mother, are also beneficiaries of safe abortion services. There can be no excuse for continuing to deny these services to so many women around the world.

  8. Relationship between anticardiolipin antibodies and induced abortion%未婚女性抗心磷脂抗体检查结果分析

    梁秀; 潘柏轩; 梁艳


    Objective: To explore the relationship between anticardiolipin antibodies (ACA) and induced abortion. Methods:A total of 742 married nulliparons women ( 319 non -pregnant women and 423 pregnant women) seeking for eugenic care were enrolled. The concentration of antieardiolipin antibodies (ACA) was determined by the enzyme linked immunoabsorbent assay. Results: The ACA positive rate was 11.46%, 12.06% for non -pregnant women and 11.11% for pregnant ones. The ACA positive rate for women with history of induced abortion was significantly higher than that of those without the history ( P < 0.05), and times of induced abortion had a positive relationship with the ACA positive rate. The ACA positive rate in women with one previous induced abortion within two years was significantly higher (P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion: Pregnancy isn't an impact factor of the ACA positive rate. While there is a close correlation between induced abortion and the occurrence of ACA. It is possible that ACA would gradually subside over time.%目的:探讨未生育女性与人工流产抗心磷脂抗体(ACA)的关系.方法:对进行优生健康检查的已婚未育育龄妇女742例,未妊娠者319例,妊娠者423例,采用酶联免疫吸附法(ELISA法)测定血清ACA.结果:①未育女性ACA阳性率11.46%,其中未妊娠者阳性率12.06%,已妊娠者阳性率11.11%;②有人工流产史者ACA阳性率较无人工流产史者增高(P <0.05),随人工流产次数增多ACA阳性率有增高趋势;③一次人工流产史者中距人工流产时间≤2年者较>2年者阳性率增高(P<0.05).结论:妊娠不增加ACA阳性的发生率;人工流产是引起ACA阳性的重要原因;ACA随着时间的推移有消退的可能.

  9. Why women are dying from unsafe abortion: narratives of Ghanaian abortion providers.

    Payne, Carolyn M; Debbink, Michelle Precourt; Steele, Ellen A; Buck, Caroline T; Martin, Lisa A; Hassinger, Jane A; Harris, Lisa H


    In Ghana, despite the availability of safe, legally permissible abortion services, high rates of morbidity and mortality from unsafe abortion persist. Through interviews with Ghanaian physicians on the front lines of abortion provision, we begin to describe major barriers to widespread safe abortion. Their stories illustrate the life-threatening impact that stigma, financial restraints, and confusion regarding abortion law have on the women of Ghana who seek abortion. They posit that the vast majority of serious abortion complications arise in the setting of clandestine or self-induced second trimester attempts, suggesting that training greater numbers of physicians to perform second trimester abortion is prerequisite to reducing maternal mortality. They also recognized that an adequate supply of abortion providers alone is a necessary but insufficient step toward reducing death from unsafe abortion. Rather, improved accessibility and cultural acceptability of abortion are integral to the actual utilization of safe services. Their insights suggest that any comprehensive plan aimed at reducing maternal mortality must consider avenues that address the multiple dimensions which influence the practice and utilization of safe abortion, especially in the second trimester.

  10. Effect of Chinese Herbs Bu-shen on PRLR, PR, ER mRNA of Decidue in Bromocriptine-induced Hypoprolactin Rat Abortion Model

    Kun-ming LI; Sui-qi GUI; Li-hui JIANG; Li-min LU


    Objective To explore the effect of Chinese herbs on PRLR, PR, ER mRNA of decidue in Bromocriptine-induced hypoprolactin abortion rat model from gene transcription level, and observe the changes of blood PRL, P, E2.Methods RT-PCR method was taken to analyses the differences of PRLR, PR, ER mRNA in decidue between model group (A group) and model + herbs group (A + H group); RIA was taken to measure the serum levels of PRL, P, E2.Results PRLR, PR mRNA expression in decidue of Group A was significantly lower than the A+H group (P0.05); the abortion rate of Group A was 67%, Group A+H was 17%, the difference was significant; as for the PRL and P level of day 7~10, the A group was significantly lower than the A+H group (P<0.05).Conclusion Bromocriptine could induce abortion by declining the blood PRL, P level and downregulating PRLR, PR mRNA expression in decidue. Chinese herbs might maintain pregnancy by promoting PRL, P secretion and upregulating PRLR, PR mRNA expression in decidue.

  11. 人工流产对妇女长期心理健康的影响%The influence of induced abortion in women's long-term mental health

    史春; 姜芬; 郭洪花


    Objective To discuss the influence of induced abortion in women 's long -term mental health. Methods 251 women experienced induced abortion ( induced abortion group ) and 250 healthy women of childbearing age ( control group ) were randomly selected from 3 tertiary hospitals from June 2012 to October 2012 in Haikou. Using the post traumatic stress disorder( PTSD) Checklist-Civilian Version ( PCL -C) Scale, cases in induced abortion group 10 days post -operation and control group in the corresponding period, cases in induced abortion group 3, 6, 12, 24 months post-operation were surveyed. Results The total scores of PCL-C and the scores of subscales re-experience, avoidance and hyper-arousal in induced abortion group were higher than that in control group(P0. 05), and then the downward trend was emerged after 6,12,24 months post-operation. The trend of re-experience and hyper-arousal scores declined. The avoidance scores rose at the beginning at the third month, then declined. Conclusion Induced abortion causes the long-term influence on women's mental health as a kind of traumatic stressors.%目的 探讨人工流产对妇女长期心理健康的影响. 方法 采用随机数字表法随机抽取2012年6~10月海口市3所三级医院的251名人工流产妇女(人工流产组)及250名健康育龄期妇女(对照组),运用创伤后应激障碍(post traumatic stress disorder,PTSD)自评量表(PCL-C),对人工流产组术后第10天及同期对照组,人工流产组术后第3、6、12、24个月进行调查,并进行对比分析. 结果 人工流产组妇女术后第10天PCL-C的总分、再体验、回避及警觉得分均显著高于对照组(P0. 05),第6、12、24个月呈现显著下降趋势;再体验和警觉维度呈下降趋势;回避维度变化最初为上升趋势,第3个月达高峰,之后呈明显下降趋势. 结论 人工流产作为一种创伤应激源对术后妇女的心理健康具有长期影响.

  12. cook球囊与缩宫素用于促宫颈成熟及引产的疗效及安全性评估%Effect and Safety Evaluation of Cook Balloonand Oxytocin in Ccervical Ripening and Induced Abortion



    目的研究cook球囊与缩宫素用于促宫颈成熟及引产的疗效及安全性。方法将在我院接受引产的产妇纳入研究,根据引产方法不同分为接受Cook球囊引产的观察组和缩宫素引产的对照组,比较两组患者的宫颈Bishop评分、引产结局、引产过程中的不良反应。结果观察组患者的宫颈Bishop评分高于对照组,引产成功例数均多于对照组,用药到临产的时间以及不良反应例数均低于对照组。结论cook球囊能够促进宫颈成熟、缩短引产时间、提高引产成功率,同时减少不良反应的发生,是安全有效的引产方式。%Objective To study the effect and safety of Cook balloonand oxytocin in cervical ripening and induced abortion. Methods Pregnant women received induced abortion were col ected and divided into observation group Cook bal oon induced abortion and control group given oxytocin induced abortion. Then cervicalBishop score, induced abortion results and adverse reaction were observed. Results CervicalBishop scor of observation group were higher than control group; successful cases of induced abortion were more than control group, time from medicine to labor and adverse reaction during induced abortion were less than control group.Conclusion Cook bal oonis a ef ective and safe method of induced abortion for it can promote cervical ripening, reduce induced abortion time, improve successful rate of induced abortion and control adverse reaction.

  13. Impact of painless induced abortion on reproductive health%传统和无痛人工流产术式选择对重复流产的影响



    目的:研究无痛人工流产和传统人工流产术式选择对重复流产的影响.方法:选择2009年1~6月在计划生育研究所门诊部要求行人工流产术妇女共324例(无痛人工流产218例、传统人工流产106例)进行跟踪调查一年.调查内容涉及是否有重复流产,重复流产者前次流产后避孕情况及术后恢复性生活时间、两次人工流产间隔、前后两次流产心理状态等.结果:前次行无痛人工流产者重复流产率明显高于传统人工流产组(P<0.05),两组在前次人工流产后避孕情况、术后不足1个月恢复性生活、半年内重复流产及前后两次流产的心理状态上均存在统计学差异.结论:无痛人工流产术虽然解决了术中妇女疼痛问题,但术后存在重复流产率较高的问题,在强调优质流产后计划生育服务时应着重于对无痛人工流产者的术后主动宣教,进行面对面咨询并提供辅助资料、免费药具,以及要求男伴参与,必要时转诊等.%Objective; To explore the relationship between repeated abortion and painless induced abortion. Methods; A total of 324 women seeking for induced abortion in Tianjin Research Institute for Family Planning Clinic between Jan. , 2009 and June 2009 were followed up for one year, 218 women in the painless induced abortion group and 106 in the conventional surgical abortion group. The contraceptive use and the time of the first sexual intercourses after the previous abortion, interval and difference of psychological states when seeking for abortions were evaluated. Results; The repeated abortion rate was much higher in the painless induced abortion group than that in the conventional surgical abortion group ( P < 0. 05). There were significant differences in contraceptive use and the time of the first sexual intercourses after the previous abortion, incidence of repeated abortion, and psychological states when seeking for abortions between the two groups

  14. Salinomycin induced ROS results in abortive autophagy and leads to regulated necrosis in glioblastoma

    Xipell, Enric; Gonzalez-Huarriz, Marisol; de Irujo, Juan Jose Martinez; García-Garzón, Antonia; Lang, Fred F.; Jiang, Hong; Fueyo, Juan; Gomez-Manzano, Candelaria; Alonso, Marta M.


    Glioblastoma is the most frequent malignant brain tumor. Even with aggressive treatment, prognosis for patients is poor. One characteristic of glioblastoma cells is its intrinsic resistance to apoptosis. Therefore, drugs that induce alternative cell deaths could be interesting to evaluate as alternative therapeutic candidates for glioblastoma. Salinomycin (SLM) was identified through a chemical screening as a promising anticancer drug, but its mechanism of cell death remains unclear. In the present work we set out to elucidate how SLM causes cell death in glioblastoma cell lines (both established cell lines and brain tumor stem cell lines), aiming to find a potential antitumor candidate. In addition, we sought to determine the mechanism of action of SLM so that this mechanism can be can be exploited in the fight against cancer. Our data showed that SLM induces a potent endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress followed by the trigger of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and an aberrant autophagic flux that culminated in necrosis due to mitochondria and lysosomal alterations. Of importance, the aberrant autophagic flux was orchestrated by the production of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). Alleviation of ROS production restored the autophagic flux. Altogether our data suggest that in our system the oxidative stress blocks the autophagic flux through lipid oxidation. Importantly, oxidative stress could be instructing the type of cell death in SLM-treated cells, suggesting that cell death modality is a dynamic concept which depends on the cellular stresses and the cellular mechanism activated. PMID:27121320

  15. Unsafe abortion and postabortion care-An overview

    Rasch, Vibeke


    Forty percent of the world's women are living in countries with restrictive abortion laws, which prohibit abortion or only allow abortion to protect a woman's life or her physical or mental health. In countries where abortion is restricted, women have to resort to clandestine interventions to have...... an unwanted pregnancy terminated. As a consequence, high rates of unsafe abortion are seen, such as in sub-Saharan Africa where unsafe abortion occurs at rates of 18-39/1 000 women. The circumstances under which women obtain unsafe abortion vary and depend on traditional methods known and type of providers...... present. Health professionals are prone to use instrumental procedures to induce the abortion, whereas traditional providers often make a brew of herbs to be drunk in one or more doses. In countries with restrictive abortion laws, high rates of maternal death must be expected and globally an estimated 66...

  16. A qualitative exploration of contraceptive practice and decision making of Malaysian women who had induced abortion: a case study.

    Tong, Wen Ting; Low, Wah Yun; Wong, Yut Lin; Choong, Sim Poey; Jegasothy, Ravindran


    This study explores contraceptive practice and decision making of women who have experienced abortion in Malaysia. In-depth interviews were carried out with 31 women who had abortions. Women in this study did adopt some method of modern contraception prior their abortion episodes. However, challenges to use a method consistently were experiences and fear of side effects, contraceptive failure, partner's influence, lack of confidence, and cost. The decision to adopt contraception was theirs but the types of contraceptive methods to adopt were influenced by their spouses/partners. The women wanted to use modern contraception but were faced with challenges that hampered its use. More proactive contraceptive promotion is needed to educate people on the array of contraceptive methods available and made accessible to them, to correct misconceptions on safety of modern contraception, to increase men's involvement in contraceptive choices, and to encourage consistent contraceptive use to prevent unintended pregnancies.

  17. [History of the medical indication of induced abortion. A historical contribution to the discussion of a current problem].

    Gottlieb, J


    Of all the religious injunctions against abortion, the most effective one over time has been the belief that God is the giver of life and that therefore abortion constitutes an attack on Divine Will. The question of when the soul enters the embryo is, under that view, of secondary importance. 2 schools of thought, each with a large body of supporting literature, have developed on the subject, however; 1 is that life is created complete and by Divine impulse, and the other that the soul enters the body after its creation as a continuing act of Divine creation. Writers supporting the latter view tend to agree that only God knows or can know the moment of the soul's entrance, and furthermore that it probably occurs quite soon after conception. In any case, a doctor can respect his own religious principles with regard to abortion but does not have the right to condemn those of his colleagues who hold different views.

  18. 药物与人工流产终止早期妊娠的临床比较%Clinical comparison on termination of early pregnancy with medical abortion and induced abortion

    柯梅英; 岑秋妹; 冯亦芳


    目的:比较药物流产和人工流产两种不同方式在终止早期妊娠上的被接受程度以及临床效果。方法选取2008~2012年在茂名市人口和计划生育综合服务中心终止早期妊娠的286例受术者,根据终止妊娠方式的不同,分为药物流产组(128例)和人工流产组(158例),比较两组受术者终止妊娠的临床效果以及再次意外妊娠后会选择的终止妊娠方式。结果两组在完全流产率、不完全流产率、人工流产综合征发生率、流产后阴道出血时间上比较差异无统计学意义(P >0.05)。两组再次意外妊娠后会选择的终止妊娠方式比较,差异有统计学意义(P 0. 05). Significant difference were fOund between twO grOuPs in chOOsing the terminatiOn methOd Of Pregnancy with anOther unexPected Pregnancy(P < 0. 05). Conclusion Drug abOrtiOn and induced abOrtiOn in the terminatiOn Of early Pregnancy have different advantages and disadvantages,aPPrOPriate terminatiOn Of early Pregnancy shOuld be chOsen accOrding tO the Patientˊs sPecific situatiOn and PreviOus abOrtiOn histOry tO imPrOve the clinical effect.

  19. Conceptualising abortion stigma

    A. Kumar; L. Hessini; E.M.H. Mitchell


    Abortion stigma is widely acknowledged in many countries, but poorly theorised. Although media accounts often evoke abortion stigma as a universal social fact, we suggest that the social production of abortion stigma is profoundly local. Abortion stigma is neither natural nor 'essential' and relies

  20. [Abortion-related mortality in Brazil: decrease in spatial inequality].

    Lima, B G


    Abortion is not only a major cause of obstetric hospitalization in poor countries, but it also represents the failure of the public health system to provide enough information about contraceptive methods and thus prevent pregnancies. In Brazil, the high utilization rates of health facilities due to abortions reflect the ongoing difficulties with family planning and contraception. In addition, mortality resulting from abortions serves as an indicator of the quality of abortion procedures, an important point in a country where the practice is illegal and therefore done clandestinely. In this study, we analyzed the rates of mortality resulting from abortions among women 10 to 54 years old, including women who died from spontaneous and induced abortion, from 1980 to 1995, for the various regions of the country. The information we used came from the mortality data bank of the public health system of the Ministry of Health. Population data were obtained from the Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics. We studied 2,602 deaths, 15% of which were due to missed abortion, spontaneous abortion, or legally permitted induced abortion. The other 85% of the deaths were due to illegal induced abortions or to nonspecified abortions. The mortality rates from abortion-related causes have steadily decreased in all the regions of Brazil, but this improvement has been unevenly distributed in the country. The region with the smallest decrease in this rate (38% over 15 years) was the Northeast. The age of women dying from abortions progressively declined over the period studied.

  1. Patient experience of sexual hallucinations after propofol-induced painless abortion may lead to violence against medical personnel.

    Yang, Zhiyong; Yi, Bin


    Painless abortion is an outpatient surgical procedure performed under general anesthesia, which requires an appropriate anesthetic reagent that must be safe, comfortable for the patient, and highly controllable. At present, fentanyl and propofol are first-choice anesthetic reagents in clinical applications. However, both have various side effects, including the inhibition of respiration and circulation and the occurrence of postoperative sexual fantasies and amorous behavior. In this report, we will demonstrate three cases of allegations of assault and violence caused by sexual hallucinations in patients who were anesthetized with propofol and fentanyl during painless abortion surgery.

  2. Freedom of conscience, professional responsibility, and access to abortion.

    Dresser, R S


    The current shortage of US physicians willing to perform induced abortions has created a conflict between women's legal right to access to pregnancy termination and physicians' right to refuse participation in a procedure they regard as morally objectionable. According to a 1993 survey, 84% of US counties (housing 30% of women of reproductive age) had no abortion provider. This situation has been exacerbated by a trend to isolate abortion from other medical procedures; in 1992, only 12% of residency programs in obstetrics and gynecology routinely offered training on first-trimester abortion. Also contributing to physician reluctance to become abortion providers have been the violence, death threats, property damage, and harassment of abortion seekers perpetrated by anti-abortion groups. To ameliorate the abortion access crisis, without intruding on the religious convictions of individual physicians, there must be greater collaboration between professional and community groups. Local community officials and pro-choice supporters are urged to use their influence to protect abortion providers from harassment. Professional organizations should provide both symbolic and practical support, e.g. increased status and remuneration, to physicians who commit to the hardship of abortion provision. Older physicians, most aware of the threat to women's health posed by any erosion of abortion rights, should educate their younger colleagues about the importance of safe abortion. Finally, training on abortion techniques should be integrated into the medical school curriculum and rotations should be established at local abortion clinics.

  3. Health benefits of legal abortion: an analysis.

    Tyrer, L B


    The abolition of legal abortion in the US would seriously threaten the health, and even the lives, of women and children. Statistics on the relationship between abortion and health attained before and after abortion was legalized were used to project some of the probable consequences of reversing the US Supreme Court's 1973 Roe v. Wade decision. Abortion has been widely practiced throughout US history, but the actual number of procedures performed before some states legalized abortion is unknown. Few legal procedures were performed for medical reasons, yet many illegal abortions took place. In 1955, a panel of experts could only provide a "best estimate" of between 200,000 and 1,200,000 illegally induced abortions occurring annually in the US. The actual number was most likely closer to the higher figure. The complication rates for illegal abortions, most of which were performed by unskilled practitioners in unsafe settings, were much higher than the rates for legal abortion now. Complications were related to ineffective or unsafe methods, Sepsis, particularly with the bacterium "Clostridium prefringens," which causes gas gangrene, was a major problem that has virtually disappeared. Each year prior to the 1970s, more than 100 women in the US died of abortion complications. Due to the fact that vital statistics reflect an incomplete ascertainment of deaths, the actual number of deaths is probably larger, possibly by as much as 50%. In 1983 more than 1.3 million procedures were performed -- a figure close to the estimated number of illegal abortions performed before 1970. In comparison, 672,000 hysterectomies and 424,000 tonsillectomy operations were performed the same year. The number of abortion-related deaths in the US decreased between 1972 and 1980, from 90 to 16. Most of this decrease resulted from the availability and safety of legal abortion. Legal abortion carries an especially low risk of death, particularly when performed in the 1st trimester. For the 1972

  4. Legal, Social and Psycho-Medical Effects of Abortion


    This work deals with the relationship between induced abortion and mental health with a special focus on the area of political controversy.  This article explores the historical background of the abortion and its legislative implications in Europe with special reference to Bosnia and Herzegovina. This work is based on etnographich, analitical and historical aproaches. It explains abortion in medical terms and analyzes the psychological effects of the abortion. This is a significant and challa...

  5. 人工流产的未婚女性避孕现状调查%Birth control of unmarried womenhaving experienced induced abortions

    韦玲; 张华; 邵扬琴; 乐华


    目的:了解未婚先孕女性对婚前性行为的看法,分析流产原因,为制定相应的干预措施提供依据,以降低未婚女性的人工流产率。方法:采用自行设计的调查表格,以统一匿名调查表,统计2013年10月至2014年10月于扬州市妇幼保健院进行人工流产的460位未婚女性流产情况。内容包括:一般个人情况、避孕失败原因、采取避孕措施现状、生殖健康知识了解状况及对性和生殖健康的态度等。结果:未婚先孕女性中,流产年龄多在20~30岁之间,学历是大专及本科以上的所占比例较多;206人有既往流产史,占44.78%;避孕套是被调查者使用率最高的避孕方法;她们近半数人对生殖健康知识并不清楚,虽然多数人想了解生殖健康知识,但其避孕知识主要来自单一媒体;存侥幸心理未避孕、避孕方法低效、避孕药具使用不当是造成人工流产的主要原因。结论:揭示未婚女性人工流产与不安全性生活的密切相关性,针对目前婚前性行为难以避免的情况,加强对未婚女性的生殖健康服务,针对性提供避孕指导,让她们清楚人流对健康的危害,从而降低流产率,最终减少术后并发症的发生。%Objectives:To understand the perspectives of unmarried pregnant women on premarital sexual behavior,to analyze the causes for induced abortion,and to provide basis for relevant precautions so as to reduce the abortion rate of unmarried women.Methods:A specifically -designed questionnaire was adopted to collect a-bortion -related data of 460 anonymous female participants who were both unmarried and had abortion experience from October 201 3 to October 201 4 at the Yangzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital.The contents of the ques-tionnaire included general information,reasons for birth -control failures,current contraceptive measures,knowl-edge of reproductive health and attitudes towards

  6. A cross-sectional study on related risk factors of repeated induced abortion%重复人工流产相关危险因素的横向研究

    朱勤芳; 陆新妹; 杨美芳; 沈芳荣; 冯亚红


    目的:探讨首次人工流产女性与重复人工流产女性之间不同的个体行为和社会经济差异,确定重复流产的相关危险因素.方法:调查2009年8月~2010年7月接受人工流产治疗服务女性1 132名,年龄20 ~49岁,采用回归分析方法研究重复流产的相关危险因素.结果:接受问卷调查女性的重复流产率为48.45%,调查一年间重复流产率为15.85%;重复流产的危险因素,包括生育史(OR =2.45),未婚或缺乏感情基础(OR=2.14),无业或失业(OR=1.66),吸烟或成瘾性药物使用(OR=1.43),低学历教育水平(OR=1.5).其中部分女性(n=135)认为在经济条件允许或者建立婚姻关系后愿意继续妊娠.还有部分女性认为流产后未能获得相关避孕咨询,或采取不恰当的避孕方法,是重复流产的重要原因.结论:较高的女性重复流产比例,使开展流产后计划生育服务成为提高女性健康和生育质量的重要手段.虽然可以确定一些重复流产的相关危险因素,但是女性受到身心侵害的几率较高,所以预防非意愿妊娠需要全社会关心和努力.%Objective: To explore individual behavioral differences and socio - economic differences between the women of induced abortion for the first time and the women of repeated induced abortion, and confirm the related risk factors of repeated induced abortion. Methods; A total of 1 132 women aged 20 -49 years old receiving induced abortion from August 2009 to July 2010 were investigated , then regression analysis was conducted to research the related risk factors of repeated induced abortion. Results: The incidence of repeated induced abortion among the investigated women was 48.45% , and the incidence of repeated induced abortion during one year was 15. 85%. The risk factors of repeated induced abortion included reproductive history ( OR = 2. 45) , unmarried or lacking emotional foundation (OR=2.14), unemployment (OR = 1.66), smoking or abuse of addictive drugs

  7. Efficacy and safety analysis of drug induced abortion combined with negative pressure suction in the treatment of women with pregnancy abortion during lactation%药物流产联合负压吸宫术对哺乳期妊娠流产的有效性及安全性分析



    目的:研究药物流产联合负压吸宫术对哺乳期妊娠流产的有效性和安全性.方法:收治哺乳期妊娠流产患者362例,随机平分为两组,观察组患者给予药物流产联合负压吸宫术进行手术,对照组患者给予负压吸宫人工流产手术,对两组患者流产方式进行前瞻性分析.结果:观察组患者完全流产率100%,显著优于对照组的85%;观察组在手术时的出血量、宫颈粘连,手术后阴道出血量与人工流产综合反应发生率以及术后的感染率等发生率均优于对照组,两组比较,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:药物流产联合负压吸宫术对哺乳期妊娠流产的手术效果显著,术后的不良症状较少.%Objective:To study the efficacy and safety of drug induced abortion combined with negative pressure suction in the treatment of women with pregnancy abortion during lactation.Methods:362 women with pregnancy abortion during lactation were selected,they were randomly divided into the two groups on average,patients in the observation group were given drug abortion combined with negative pressure suction palace operation,patients in the control group were treated with negative pressure suction abortion operation,the abortion way of the two groups were prospectively analyzed.Results:The complete abortion rate of the observation group of 100% was significantly better than the control group of 85% ,The incidence of intraoperative blood loss, cervical adhesion,vaginal bleeding after surgery,artificial abortion syndrome and postoperative infection rate of the observation group were better than those of the control group,the differences between the two groups were statistically significant(P<0.05). Conclusion:The effect of drug abortion combined with negative pressure suction in the treatment of women with pregnancy abortion during lactation is remarkable,and the adverse symptoms were less.


    李晓枫; 高晓虹; 吴萍; 李娜; 马莉; 倪才; 陈俊峰


    [目的]了解大连市人工流产女性心理现状.[方法]以2006年1月~2006年11月期间到大连医科大学附属第二医院进行人工流产女性为调查对象,采用自行设计的问卷附加SCL-90问卷,共调查300人,回收合格问卷260份,用SPSS 11.5统计软件进行分析.[结果]人工流产女性年龄低龄化,未婚流产女性在人流术者中约占40%;将人流妇女的SCL-90各因子得分与全国常模进行比较,除人际关系项无统计学差异外,其他各因子得分与全国常模比较都具有统计学差异.[结论]人工流产对女性身体和心理都产生较大影响,而且心理状况问题较严重,需要高度重视.%[Objective] To investigate the mental health condition of the induced abortion young women in Dalian. [Methods] In this study, 300 abortion young women in the No.2 Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University were tested by SCL-90s and self-made questionnaires from January 2006 to November 2006. The data was statistically analyzed with SPSS11.5. [Results] 39.4% of the induced abortion women were unmarried. Compared with those of SCL-90 norm of the normal Chinese people, all the scores except Interpersonal of induced abortion patients were significantly higher (P < 0.01). [Conclusion] People should give more and more tolerant of non-reproductive sex. More serious psychological condition needs close attention.

  9. 上海市人工流产妇女避孕节育状况调查%Study on Contraceptive Use among Induced Abortion Women in Shanghai

    唐文娟; 李宪辰; 崔元起; 蒋薇; 楼超华; 余春艳; 王子亮; 朱倩倩; 程艳


    contraception. Conclusions:Young women with high proportion of repeated abortion constituted the majority of respondents in Shanghai. Two main factors of unwanted pregnancy are the low proportion of contraceptive use and the high proportion of failure use of contraceptives. It is important to strengthen the post-abortion care services and the contraceptive education, especially to teach them how to use contraceptives, because those induced abortion women were lack of contraceptive precaution or knowledge.

  10. 探讨无痛人工流产用于终止早期妊娠的临床应用价值%The Clinical Value of the Induced Abortion in the Termination Early Pregnancy



    Objective:To observe the application value of the induced abortion used to the early pregnancy for clinical make guidance.Method:One hundred and four healthy pregnant women admitted to our hospital from March 2010 to March 2013 were selected,they were divided into the abortion group and the medical abortion group,52 cases in each group.The abortion group was given induced abortion,the medical abortion group was given Mifepristone Tablets and Misoprostol Tablets,The indexes(the amount of vaginal bleeding,vaginal bleeding time,menstrual recovery time,duration of abdominal pain),the rate of complete abortion and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups after treatment.Result:The abortion group was significantly better than the medical abortion group after treatment,the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05);The abortion rate of the abortion group was 98.08%,it was significantly higher than the medical abortion group(80.77%),the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05);the adverse reaction rate of the abortion group was 11.54%,it was significantly lower than the medical abortion group(36.54%),the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:Painless artificial abortion for termination of early pregnancy clinical effect significantly, has the characteristics of simple operation,less bleeding,complete abortion rate is high,less adverse reaction,and it is worthy of wide application.%目的:分析总结无痛人工流产用于终止早期妊娠的临床应用价值,为临床推广做出指导。方法:选取本站2010年3月-2013年3月收治的104例自愿终止妊娠的健康孕妇,按照随机数字表法将其分为人工流产组和药物流产组各52例,人工流产组给予无痛人工流产,药物流产组给予米非司酮联合米索前列醇口服,观察比较两组患者治疗后各项指标(阴道出血量、阴道出血时间、月经恢复时间、腹痛持续时间)、治

  11. Effects of Yishenyangxuehuoxue decoction on colporrhagia and menstruation after drug induced abortion%益肾养血活血汤对药物流产后阴道出血及月经的影响



    Objective To investigate the effects of Yishenyangxuehuoxue decoction( YSYXHX decoction) on colporrhagia and menstruation after drug induced abortion.Methods One hundred and forty-eight women with early pregnancy were selected, and divided into simple medical abortion group(n=47), medical abortion+traditional Chi-nese medicine group(n=50), operation abortion group(n=51).The simple medical abortion group was given oral mifepristone tablets.The medical abortion+traditional Chinese medicine group was given YSYXHX decoction based on the same treatment as the simple medical abortion group.The operation abortion group used vacuum aspiration a-bortion.The changes of reproductive hormone, vaginal bleeding duration, vaginal bleeding amount and occurrence of menstrual disorder were compared among the three groups during the follow-up period.Results HCG, LH, P at the seventh days after discharge of gestational sac in the operation abortion group and in the medical abortion+traditional Chinese medicine group were significantly lower than those in the simple medical abortion group(P<0.05), and than those in the operation abortion group(P<0.05).The FSH, E2 at the seventh days after discharge of gestational sac in the operation abortion group and in the medical abortion+traditional Chinese medicine group were significantly higher than those in the simple medical abortion group.And than those in the operation abortion group(P<0.05). The rates of vaginal bleeding duration at 8~15 days and more than 15 days in the operation abortion group and the medical abortion+traditional Chinese medicine group were lower than those in the simple medical abortion group( P<0.05 ) .The rates of abnormal vaginal bleeding in the operation abortion group and in the medical abortion+tradition-al Chinese medicine group were lower than that in the simple abortion group(P<0.05).The incidences of menstrual disorders in the operation abortion group and in the medical abortion+traditional Chinese medicine

  12. Recurrent aborted sudden cardiac death with seizures and rhabdomyolysis due to bulimia-induced hypokalemia: report of one case.

    Finsterer, Josef; Stöllberger, Claudia


    Recurrent vomiting due to bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives causing severe hypokalemia may result in recurrent aborted sudden cardiac death (SCD) and seizures. We report a 25-year-old female with a history of bulimia associated with abuse of furosemide and laxatives since the age of 15 years, migraine since puberty, renal abscesses at age 20 y, and rhabdomyolysis of unknown cause at age 24 y. She experienced aborted SCD due to severe hypokalemia with symptomatic seizures at 21 and 25 years of age. Bulimia patients additionally taking laxatives or furosemide are at particular risk of SCD and rhabdomyolysis and require periodic determination of electrolytes, potassium substitution, and adequate psychiatric therapy and surveillance.

  13. First-time first-trimester induced abortion and risk of readmission to a psychiatric hospital in women with a history of treated mental disorder

    Munk-Olsen, Trine; Laursen, Thomas Munk; Pedersen, Carsten B;


    Mental health problems are associated with women's reproductive decisions and predict poor mental health outcomes after abortion and childbirth.......Mental health problems are associated with women's reproductive decisions and predict poor mental health outcomes after abortion and childbirth....

  14. The clinical features of patients with amenorrhea after induced abortion%人工流产术后闭经的临床特点分析

    曾华; 陈志


    目的:分析人工流产术后并发闭经患者的临床特点.方法:回顾性分析我院近5年来人工流产术后并发闭经患者的临床资料,记录性激素检查情况、宫腔镜检查结果、以及诊断性刮宫病理学检查结果,同时记录其治疗预后.结果:5年来我院共发生人流后闭经37例,占总人流患者的1.4%.发生距人流时间2-16个月,闭经时间2-5个月.人流次数越多,越易发生(x2=13.440,p=0.001);是否生产和术后闭经无关(x才=0.037,P=0.847).性激素检查显示卵巢早衰者或下丘脑功能失调性闭经共8例(21.6%).宫腔镜检查显示宫颈内口粘连11例(29.7%),宫腔粘连18例(48.6%).刮出物中有炎性细胞浸润者占64.0%.经过积极治疗,35例患者恢复周期,另2例效果不佳.结论:人工流产术可能导致一定的术后闭经并发症发生;宫颈内口和宫腔粘连以及性激素异常是造成术后闭经的主要原因,而炎症反应在其中也可能起到一定的作用;人工流产术后闭经治疗预后尚可.%Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with amenorrhea after induced abortion. Methods: The patients with amenorrhea after induced abortion in our hospital of the past 5 years were analyzed retrospectively. Some characteristics of the patients were recorded, including sex hormone level, results of hysteroscopy, diagnostic curettage pathological Results ,as well as prognosis.Results: A total of 37 patients (1.4%) suffered amenorrhea 2 to 16 months after induced abortion, which sustained for 2 to 5 months. The occurrence of amenorrhea was positively related to the frequeney of induced abortion (x2 = 13.440, P = 0.001 ), but had nothing to do with delivery (x2 = 0.037, P = 0.847). Sex hormone level revealed premature ovarian failure or hypothalamic amenorrhea dysfunction in 8 patients (21.6%). Hysteroscopic examination revealed 11 patients had cervical adhesions (29.7%), and 18 patients had intrauterine adhesions (48.6


    Joylene Diana


    Full Text Available Medical abortion is the use of drugs to induce abortion of a fetus. Due to the advances in the field of research , numerous regimens have been formulated to ensure a fast and complete expulsion of the fetus. These regimens also aim to towards reduced post abortal side effects and to decrease the need for surgical evacuation post medical abortion. The objective of this cros s sectional analysis was to study the effectiveness of the WHO safe abortion regimen in a tertiary care hospital . METHODS: A total of 60 patients with pregnancies of 12 to 30 weeks of gestation and in whom a medical abortion was deemed necessary were chosen . After instituting the WHO SAFE ABORTION regimen they were analysed based on indication for pregnancy termination , onset of pain with WHO regimen and time of expulsion as well as post abortal side effects and the need for surgical evacuation due to failure of the WHO safe abortion regimen. Post abortion an ultrasound was done to confirm the success of the regimen . RESULTS: Majority of patients in our study was multiparous and Mean gestational age for pregnancy termination was 20.6 weeks . The most common indication for medical abortion was incidental diagnosis of fetal demise or fetal anomaly on ultrasonography ( 43.6% . The average duration for onset of pain was 3 hours and the average time needed for expulsion was 6 hours from the start of the Abortion regimen . The most common post abortal side effect was excessive bleeding . Only about 13.3 percent patients needed a surgical evacuation due to failure of the regimen. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the WHO safe abortion regimen is highly effective and a desirable method for medical termination of pregnancy , especially in early pregnancy and in patients in whom a surgical method of abortion could pose as a risk . The WHO SAFE ABORTION regimen has minimal post abortal side effects , need for surgical intervention and the time needed for expulsion is less. Hence it

  16. Conceptualising abortion stigma.

    Kumar, Anuradha; Hessini, Leila; Mitchell, Ellen M H


    Abortion stigma is widely acknowledged in many countries, but poorly theorised. Although media accounts often evoke abortion stigma as a universal social fact, we suggest that the social production of abortion stigma is profoundly local. Abortion stigma is neither natural nor 'essential' and relies upon power disparities and inequalities for its formation. In this paper, we identify social and political processes that favour the emergence, perpetuation and normalisation of abortion stigma. We hypothesise that abortion transgresses three cherished 'feminine' ideals: perpetual fecundity; the inevitability of motherhood; and instinctive nurturing. We offer examples of how abortion stigma is generated through popular and medical discourses, government and political structures, institutions, communities and via personal interactions. Finally, we propose a research agenda to reveal, measure and map the diverse manifestations of abortion stigma and its impact on women's health.

  17. Abortion - surgical - aftercare

    ... this page: // Abortion - surgical - aftercare To use the sharing features on ... please enable JavaScript. You have had a surgical abortion. This is a procedure that ends pregnancy by ...

  18. Abnormal T-Cell Reactivity against Paternal Antigens in Spontaneous Abortion: Adoptive Transfer of Pregnancy-Induced CD4+CD25+ T Regulatory Cells Prevents Fetal Rejection in a Murine Abortion Model

    Zenclussen, Ana Claudia; Gerlof, Katrin; Zenclussen, Maria Laura; Sollwedel, André; Bertoja, Annarosa Zambon; Ritter, Thomas; Kotsch, Katja; Leber, Joachim; Volk, Hans-Dieter


    Mammalian pregnancy is thought to be a state of immunological tolerance. The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still poorly understood. Here, we determined whether an inappropriate function of T regulatory (Treg) cells is involved in the pathogenesis of spontaneous abortion. We evaluated spleen and decidual lymphocytes from CBA/J mice undergoing immunological abortion (DBA/2J-mated) or having normal pregnancy (BALB/c-mated) on day 14 of gestation for ex vivo cytokine production after ...

  19. Abortion among Adolescents.

    Adler, Nancy E.; Ozer, Emily J.; Tschann, Jeanne


    Reviews the current status of abortion laws pertaining to adolescents worldwide, examining questions raised by parental consent laws in the United States and by the relevant psychological research (risk of harm from abortion, informed consent, consequences of parental involvement in the abortion decision, and current debate). Discusses issues…

  20. Strategies for the prevention of unsafe abortion.

    Faúndes, Anibal


    Unsafe abortion is one of the main causes of maternal mortality and severe morbidity in countries with restrictive abortion laws. In 2007, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) created a Working Group on the Prevention of Unsafe Abortion and its Consequences (WGPUA). This led to a FIGO initiative with that aim which has the active participation of 43 FIGO member societies. The WGPUA has recommended that the plans of action of the countries participating in the initiative consider several levels of prevention shown to have the potential to successfully reduce unsafe abortions: (1) primary prevention of unintended pregnancy and induced abortion; (2) secondary prevention to ensure the safety of an abortion procedure that could not be avoided; (3) tertiary prevention of further complications of an unsafe abortion procedure that has taken place already, through high-quality postabortion care; and (4) quaternary prevention of repeated abortion procedures through postabortion family planning counseling and contraceptive services. This paper reviews these levels of prevention and the evidence that they can be effective.

  1. 167例青少年人工流产分析%Analysis on induced abortion among adolescents (Report of 167 cases)

    张晓菊; 卢志茹


    目的:通过对167例青少年人工流产的情况进行分析,有针对性地进行干预措施,保护青少年的身心健康。方法2009年1月至2013年12月在涞源县妇幼保健院门诊就诊自愿要求流产的人数共计3013例,分析167例19岁以下的青少年人工流产的情况。结果(1)近5年青少年人工流产数逐年上升,且2013年较2009年增长2倍。而青少年人工流产以药物流产为主,占58.08%。(2)19岁的青少年所占比例最高(41.23%);职业以服务员比例最高(36.53%);学历以初中学历所占比例居首(35.33%);复发性人工流产所占比例接近半数(48.50%)。(3)167名要求人工流产青少年的自尊平均(28.84±3.24)分,其中81名复发性人工流产青少年自尊平均(27.91±3.28)分,低于86例首次人工流产的青少年平均(29.21±3.17)分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论加强对青少年的性知识及避孕知识的普及,提高她们的自尊程度。做好人工流产后的性知识教育和心理辅导,避免复发性人工流产的发生。从而保护青少年的身心健康。%Objective To study the current situations of 167 teenagers induced abortion and try to find out effective intervention measures to protect the physical and mental health of teenagers. Methods From January 2009 to December 2013 in the Outpatient Department of Laiyuan Maternal and Child Health-Care Hospital, 3 013 cases voluntarily required abortion, off those 167 cases under the age of 19 were analyzed. Results (1) Adolescent abortion number increased year by year during the past five years, compared with 2009, the numbers in 2013 had doubled, in which drug induced abortion accounted for 58.08%. (2) 19 year olds accounted for the highest proportion (41.23%), hospitality workers accounted for(36.53%). Junior High School graduates(35.33%). Recurrent abortions nearly halved(48.50%). (3) 167 adolescents who had abortions

  2. 萘普生栓配合润婷在初孕人工流产术中的临床观察%Clinical observation of Naproxen suppositories combined with "Run Ting" induced abortion in early pregnancy



    Objective To find a secure, less painful, abortion methods with less side effects and complete abortion rate by comparing intravenous anesthesia by propofol abortion, compound naproxen suppository with the " Run-ting" abortion, and medical abortion. Methods 446 cases of early pregnancy ( 49 days menopause ) are divided into 3 groups: A, intravenous anesthesia by propofol abortion ( 55 cases ); B, compound naproxen suppository with the " Run-ting" ( 282 cases ); C, medical abortion (109 cases ). Blood loss, bleeding time, complete abortion rate,and postoperative infection rates were analyzed were analyzed. Results Propofol intravenous anesthesia was group the best in painless abortion rate. The least amount of bleeding abortion was in group of compound naproxen with " Run-ting" . As the least amount of bleeding induced abortion compound naproxen suppository with the " Run-ting" and intravenous anesthesia with propofol groups had a shorter bleeding time for 3 ~7 days,but in medical abortion group the bleeding time was relatively long for 7 ~ 14 days. The complete abortion rate of 77% was relatively low in medical abortion. Conclusion Compound naproxen suppository with the " Run-ting" abortion is safe and effective with small surgical trauma,less pain,and a higher clinical value in the near future.%目的 通过异丙酚复合静脉麻醉人工流产、复合萘普生栓配合"润婷"牌套装式一次性宫腔组织吸引管人工流产、药流术对停经49 d内终止妊娠比较,寻找一种痛苦少,副作用少,安全性能高,完全流产率高的流产方法.方法 选择门诊ASIS级无痛人流手术早孕患者446例(停经49 d),根据流产的妇女要求分为三组:A组采用异丙酚复合静脉麻醉(55例),B组采用复合萘普生栓配合"润婷"牌套装式一次性宫腔组织吸引管人工流产(282例);C组采用药物流产(109例).观察各组镇痛效果、出血量、出血时间、完全流产率、术后感染率.结果 异丙酚复合

  3. [Comparative blood coagulation studies in PGF2a- and 15-methyl-PGF2a-induced therapeutic abortion].

    During, R; Junge, W D; Klausch, B


    In 15 pregnant women of the first trimenon of gravidity an interruption was performed by means of extra-amnial application of PGF2a and in 10 pregnant women by means of i. m. application of 15-methyl-PGF2a. Bleeding time, recalcification time, number of thrombocytes, heat fibrin, and thrombocyte adhesiveness were determined before, during and after treatment. Statistically significant changes could be observed during bleeding time, heat fibrin, and thrombocyte number. The investigations of coagulation, however, did not reveal any considerable impairment of the coagulation system, thus confirming the positive evaluation of prostaglandines used for therapeutic induction of abortion.

  4. [Medical and social implications of abortion].

    Radu, A; Capra, G


    In the course of the evolution of human society the problem or idea of interrupting a pregnancy has been faced many times. Romania has adopted a mixed solution to the termination of pregnancy allowing abortions for medical, eugenic, and social reasons. The 1936 penal code allowed only medical abortion, but recent regulations have offered differing solutions. The old regulation not allowing termination of pregnancy or restricting it was in force with minor modifications until 1957. In 1966 a decree was issued that allowed women with 4 children an abortion for special reasons as determined by an abortion committee, but still therapeutic and strictly medical causes predominated. In 1985 a new regulation of medical law prohibited termination of normal pregnancy up to 28 weeks of gestation and infractions were punishable by law. Illegal induced abortion represents an antisocial manifestation that jeopardizes human relationships in society. Induced abortion occurs often in disintegrated family situations. The social implications of the phenomenon of birth are manyfold. Medical intervention is difficult because of the mutilating effect of abortion. The motives are a matter of reflection for physicians and jurists alike.

  5. The abortion culture issue in Serbia

    Rašević Mirjana


    Full Text Available The problem of a large number of abortions in our country was first pointed out as far back as 1935 at the 17th Congress of Yugoslav Physicians. The abortion problem in Serbia is still present today, even though modern science has provided new methods and means which are a logical solution to the dilemma on birth control methods from the health and social aspect. Namely, total abortion rate in Serbia was estimated at 2.76 in the year 2007. It is very high; double the number of the total fertility rate and among the highest in Europe and the world. The term abortion culture was first used, as far as we know, by Henry David in the introduction of the book From Abortion to Contraception - A Resource to Public Policies and Reproductive Behavior in Central and Eastern Europe from 1917 to the Present in 1999, without specifically determining it. The aim of this paper is to identify the most important factors of the deterministic basis of endemic induced abortions in Serbia together with indirectly estimating their connection with the existence, namely nonexistence, of the abortion culture in our country. In that sense, potential factors of abortion incidence in Serbia which emerge from the social system and those connected to the individual level have been considered. In other words, a series of laws and other legal and political documents have been analyzed which are significant for perceiving the abortion matter, as well as institutional frameworks for family planning, health services, educating the youth regarding reproductive health, including findings of numerous researches carried out among women of various age and doctors from 1990 till present day in Serbia. The following most significant factors for the long duration of the abortion problem have been singled out: insufficient knowledge of modern contraception, a belief that modern contraceptive methods are harmful to health and a number of psychological barriers as well as those arising from

  6. Attitude toward contraception and abortion among Curacao women : Ineffective contraception due to limited sexual education?

    van den Brink, Marian; Boersma, Adriana A.; Meyboom-de Jong, Betty; de Bruijn, Jeanne G. M.


    Background: In Curacao is a high incidence of unintended pregnancies and induced abortions. Most of the induced abortions in Curacao are on request of the woman and performed by general practitioners. In Curacao, induced abortion is strictly prohibited, but since 1999 there has been a policy of conn

  7. Abortion: the continuing controversy.

    Behrens, C E


    While most countries of the world practice abortion, government policy, medical opinion, private opinion and actual practice vary widely. Although mortality from legal abortions is quite low, complications rise sharply after 12 gestational weeks. No conclusive proof shows adverse postabortion psychological effects. Romania, Japan and the Soviet Union experienced declining birth rates when abortion was made available and New York City saw a decline in illegitimacy of approximately 12% from 1970 to 1971. Throughout the world abortion laws vary from restrictive to moderate to permissive. Where laws are restrictive, as in France and Latin America, illegal abortions are estimated in the millions. The controversy over abortion centers around the arguments of what constitutes a human life, and the rights of the fetus versus the right of a woman to control her reproductive life. A review of state abortion laws as of August 1972 shows pressure on state legislatures to change existing laws. The future of abortion depends upon technological advances in fertility control, development of substitutes like menstral extraction, prostaglandins and reversible sterilization. Development of these techniques will take time. At present only through education and improved delivery of contraceptives can dependence on abortion as a method of fertility control be eased. Citizen education in the United States, both sex education and education for responsbile parenthood, is in a poor state according to the Commission on Population Growth and the American Future. If recourse to abortion is to be moderated, it is the next generation of parents who will have to be educated.

  8. Exploring the pathways of unsafe abortion in Madhya Pradesh, India.

    Banerjee, Sushanta K; Andersen, Kathryn


    Nearly 40 years after enactment of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act of 1971, unsafe abortion continues to be a neglected women's health issue in India. This prospective study of women presenting for post-abortion care in 10 selected hospitals in Madhya Pradesh, India, aimed to understand the incidence, types and severity of post-abortion complications, probable causes of complications and consequences to women in terms of hospitalisation and incurred costs. Among 1565 women presenting for induced abortion-related services between July and November 2007, 381 women with post-abortion complications consented to participate. Data reveal a high prevalence of post-abortion complications (29%). Approximately half of women originally attempted to induce abortion at home using medication, home-made concoctions or traditional methods. Ninety percent sought care from either qualified (37%) or unqualified providers. More than half of the women were hospitalised as a result of post-abortion complications. This study suggests that supporting access to safely induced abortion services and improving community awareness on legal aspects, safe methods and approved providers are all necessary to reduce morbidity associated with unsafe abortion.

  9. [Abortion in Brazil: a household survey using the ballot box technique].

    Diniz, Debora; Medeiros, Marcelo


    This study presents the first results of the National Abortion Survey (PNA, Pesquisa Nacional de Aborto), a household random sample survey fielded in 2010 covering urban women in Brazil aged 18 to 39 years. The PNA combined two techniques, interviewer-administered questionnaires and self-administered ballot box questionnaires. The results of PNA show that at the end of their reproductive health one in five women has performed an abortion, with abortions being more frequent in the main reproductive ages, that is, from 18 to 29 years old. No relevant differentiation was observed in the practice of abortion among religious groups, but abortion was found to be more common among people with lower education. The use of medical drugs to induce abortion occurred in half of the abortions, and post-abortion hospitalization was observed among approximately half of the women who aborted. Such results lead to conclude that abortion is a priority in the Brazilian public health agenda.

  10. [Bioethics and abortion. Debate].

    Diniz, D; Gonzalez Velez, A C


    Although abortion has been the most debated of all issues analyzed in bioethics, no moral consensus has been achieved. The problem of abortion exemplifies the difficulty of establishing social dialogue in the face of distinct moral positions, and of creating an independent academic discussion based on writings that are passionately argumentative. The greatest difficulty posed by the abortion literature is to identify consistent philosophical and scientific arguments amid the rhetorical manipulation. A few illustrative texts were selected to characterize the contemporary debate. The terms used to describe abortion are full of moral meaning and must be analyzed for their underlying assumptions. Of the four main types of abortion, only 'eugenic abortion', as exemplified by the Nazis, does not consider the wishes of the woman or couple--a fundamental difference for most bioethicists. The terms 'selective abortion' and 'therapeutic abortion' are often confused, and selective abortion is often called eugenic abortion by opponents. The terms used to describe abortion practitioners, abortion opponents, and the 'product' are also of interest in determining the style of the article. The video entitled "The Silent Scream" was a classic example of violent and seductive rhetoric. Its type of discourse, freely mixing scientific arguments and moral beliefs, hinders analysis. Within writings about abortion three extreme positions may be identified: heteronomy (the belief that life is a gift that does not belong to one) versus reproductive autonomy; sanctity of life versus tangibility of life; and abortion as a crime versus abortion as morally neutral. Most individuals show an inconsistent array of beliefs, and few groups or individuals identify with the extreme positions. The principal argument of proponents of legalization is respect for the reproductive autonomy of the woman or couple based on the principle of individual liberty, while heteronomy is the main principle of

  11. High Levels of Post-Abortion Complication in a Setting Where Abortion Service Is Not Legalized

    Melese, Tadele; Habte, Dereje; Tsima, Billy M.; Mogobe, Keitshokile Dintle; Chabaesele, Kesegofetse; Rankgoane, Goabaone; Keakabetse, Tshiamo R.; Masweu, Mabole; Mokotedi, Mosidi; Motana, Mpho; Moreri-Ntshabele, Badani


    Background Maternal mortality due to abortion complications stands among the three leading causes of maternal death in Botswana where there is a restrictive abortion law. This study aimed at assessing the patterns and determinants of post-abortion complications. Methods A retrospective institution based cross-sectional study was conducted at four hospitals from January to August 2014. Data were extracted from patients’ records with regards to their socio-demographic variables, abortion complications and length of hospital stay. Descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis were employed. Result A total of 619 patients’ records were reviewed with a mean (SD) age of 27.12 (5.97) years. The majority of abortions (95.5%) were reported to be spontaneous and 3.9% of the abortions were induced by the patient. Two thirds of the patients were admitted as their first visit to the hospitals and one third were referrals from other health facilities. Two thirds of the patients were admitted as a result of incomplete abortion followed by inevitable abortion (16.8%). Offensive vaginal discharge (17.9%), tender uterus (11.3%), septic shock (3.9%) and pelvic peritonitis (2.4%) were among the physical findings recorded on admission. Clinically detectable anaemia evidenced by pallor was found to be the leading major complication in 193 (31.2%) of the cases followed by hypovolemic and septic shock 65 (10.5%). There were a total of 9 abortion related deaths with a case fatality rate of 1.5%. Self-induced abortion and delayed uterine evacuation of more than six hours were found to have significant association with post-abortion complications (p-values of 0.018 and 0.035 respectively). Conclusion Abortion related complications and deaths are high in our setting where abortion is illegal. Mechanisms need to be devised in the health facilities to evacuate the uterus in good time whenever it is indicated and to be equipped to handle the fatal complications. There is an indication for

  12. Latin American women’s experiences with medical abortion in settings where abortion is legally restricted

    Zamberlin Nina


    Full Text Available Abstract Abortion is legally restricted in most of Latin America where 95% of the 4.4 million abortions performed annually are unsafe. Medical abortion (MA refers to the use of a drug or a combination of drugs to terminate pregnancy. Mifepristone followed by misoprostol is the most effective and recommended regime. In settings where mifepristone is not available, misoprostol alone is used. Medical abortion has radically changed abortion practices worldwide, and particularly in legally restricted contexts. In Latin America women have been using misoprostol for self-induced home abortions for over two decades. This article summarizes the findings of a literature review on women’s experiences with medical abortion in Latin American countries where voluntary abortion is illegal. Women’s personal experiences with medical abortion are diverse and vary according to context, age, reproductive history, social and educational level, knowledge about medical abortion, and the physical, emotional, and social circumstances linked to the pregnancy. But most importantly, experiences are determined by whether or not women have the chance to access: 1 a medically supervised abortion in a clandestine clinic or 2 complete and accurate information on medical abortion. Other key factors are access to economic resources and emotional support. Women value the safety and effectiveness of MA as well as the privacy that it allows and the possibility of having their partner, a friend or a person of their choice nearby during the process. Women perceive MA as less painful, easier, safer, more practical, less expensive, more natural and less traumatic than other abortion methods. The fact that it is self-induced and that it avoids surgery are also pointed out as advantages. Main disadvantages identified by women are that MA is painful and takes time to complete. Other negatively evaluated aspects have to do with side effects, prolonged bleeding, the possibility that it

  13. Maternal mortality from septic abortions in University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur from March 1968 to February 1974.

    Ng, K H; Sinnathuray, T A


    4 maternal deaths from abortion that took place during the 6-year period from March 1968 to February 1974 in the University Hospital, Kuala Lumpur are reviewed with focus on the avoidable causes and preventive aspects. The total maternal deaths from all causes for the 1699 admission was 13. The mortality rate from abortion during this period was 0.241/1000 pregnancies. The number of abortion cases admitted into the hospital during the 6-year period increased steadily. Of the 4 abortion deaths, 3 patients admitted to attempts at inducing abortion. 1 patient denied having induced abortion, although her husband felt that it could have occurred. All 4 cases of abortion deaths occurred in patients with septic abortions and were, theoretically, avoidable deaths. It is most important to prevent sepsis in a case of abortion. Patients with endotoxic shock are often given intravenous steroids in pharmacological doses every 4-6 hours.

  14. Induction of fetal demise before abortion.

    Diedrich, Justin; Drey, Eleanor


    For decades, the induction of fetal demise has been used before both surgical and medical second-trimester abortion. Intracardiac potassium chloride and intrafetal or intra-amniotic digoxin injections are the pharmacologic agents used most often to induce fetal demise. In the last several years, induction of fetal demise has become more common before second-trimester abortion. The only randomized, placebo-controlled trial of induced fetal demise before surgical abortion used a 1 mg injection of intra-amniotic digoxin before surgical abortion at 20-23 weeks' gestation and found no difference in procedure duration, difficulty, estimated blood loss, pain scores or complications between groups. Inducing demise before induction terminations at near viable gestational ages to avoid signs of life at delivery is practiced widely. The role of inducing demise before dilation and evacuation (D&E) remains unclear, except for legal considerations in the United States when an intact delivery is intended. There is a discrepancy between the one published randomized trial that used 1 mg intra-amniotic digoxin that showed no improvement in D&E outcomes and observational studies using different routes, doses and pre-abortion intervals that have made claims for its use. Additional randomized trials might provide clearer evidence upon which to make further recommendations about any role of inducing demise before surgical abortion. At the current time, the Society of Family Planning recommends that pharmacokinetic studies followed by randomized controlled trials be conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of feticidal agents to improve abortion safety.

  15. Physician provision of abortion before Roe v. Wade.

    Joffe, C


    With the possibility of the Supreme Court overturning the landmark Roe v. Wade (1973) case legalizing abortion, a review of abortion practices pre-Roe is instructive. Abortion became criminalized in the US around 1870, yet many abortions were performed. While estimates for the yearly number of pre-Roe illegal abortions roughly resemble today's number of legal abortions, the difference between legal and illegal abortion rests in the difference between the large number of women who died or were injured then, and the very few women who now die from illegal abortions. Along with the self-induced abortion, different categories of providers performed illegal abortions: physicians, nonphysicians, nurses, midwives, and lay people; all with varying skill, experience, and motives. While there were "butchers" and sexual exploiters, there were also competent, beloved physicians. There were the financially motivated physicians providing abortions full time, and the occasional providers acting with a sense of conscience, risking successful practices and jail. Within this "conscience" group of 44 interviewees gathered through personal networks, ads, etc., abortions were: performed outside of hospitals, reducing the risk of discovery, but creating greater medical risks; begun outside of a hospital with the intrusion into the uterus of an object, provoking a "spontaneous abortion" (miscarriage) needing completion by D and C (dilation and curettage) within a hospital, but only a limited number of such patients could be referred before arousing suspicion; and in a hospital under disguised circumstances, a very tricky undertaking with severe limitations, available only a few times before risking detection. Avoidance and lack of training by today's physicians and the well organized antiabortion groups will undoubtedly make illegal abortions even more difficult to engage in than the pre-Roe days.

  16. The problem of illegally induced abortion: results from a hospital-based study conducted at district level in Dar es Salaam

    Rasch, V; Muhammad, H; Urassa, E;


    to describe the circumstances which characterized the abortion. The population of this cross-sectional questionnaire study comprised patients from Temeke District Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. After an in-depth confidential interview, 603 women with incomplete abortion were divided into two groups: 362...

  17. Adolescent girls with illegally induced abortion in Dar es Salaam: the discrepancy between sexual behaviour and lack of access to contraception

    Rasch, V; Silberschmidt, Margrethe; Mchumvu, Y


    that gave them the right to seek family planning services and in practice these services are not being provided. There is a need for youth-friendly family planning services and to make abortion safe and legal, in order to reduce unwanted pregnancies and abortion-related complications and deaths among...

  18. Abortion in Adolescence.

    Campbell, Nancy B.; And Others


    Explored differences between 35 women who had abortions as teenagers and 36 women who had abortions as adults. Respondents reported on their premorbid psychiatric histories, the decision-making process itself, and postabortion distress symptoms. Antisocial and paranoid personality disorders, drug abuse, and psychotic delusions were significantly…

  19. Abortion in adolescence.

    Greydanus, D E; Railsback, L D


    This article reviews the difficult but complex subject of abortion in adolescents. Methods of abortion are outlined and additional aspects are presented: psychological effects, counseling issues, and legal parameters. It is our conclusion that intense efforts should be aimed at education of youth about sexuality and prevention of pregnancy, utilizing appropriate contraceptive services. When confronted with a youth having an unwanted pregnancy, all legal options need to be carefully explored: delivery, adoption, or abortion. The decision belongs to the youth and important individuals in her environment. Understanding developmental aspects of adolescence will help the clinician deal with the pregnant teenagers. If abortion is selected, a first trimester procedure is best. Finally, physicians are urged to be aware of the specific, ever changing legal dynamics concerning this subject which are present in their states. Abortion is a phenomenon which has become an emotional but undeniably important aspect of adolescent sexuality and adolescent health care, in this country and around the world.

  20. The Expression of Integrin β3 and Intercellular Adhesion Molecule(ICAM-1)in Decidua and Chorionic Villi during Mifepristone Induced Abortion

    李瑞珍; 王振海; 吴瑞芳


    The effects of mifepristone with misoprostol on the expression of the integrin β3 and intercellular adhesion motecule-1 (ICAM-1)in decidua and chorionic villi tissues in early pregnancy in 10 cases were investigated by immuno-ftow cytometry(the eyper-iment group).At the same time,the other 10 cases induced by mechanical vacuum as-piration were collected as the control.The results showed that,the positive rate of inte-grin β3 and ICAM-1 in decidua of the experiment group were 19.1±5. 01% and 20.61±6. 51%;while those in chorionic villi were 21.32±4. 38% and 20. 29±6. 49%,which were significantly lower than those in the control group.These results suggested that integrin β3 and ICAM-1 may take part in the maintenance of early pregnancy.The mechanism of mifepristone induced abortion may be mediated by the down-regulation of the integrin β3 and ICAM-1 expression in decidua and chorionic villi.

  1. Psychological effects of abortion (a study of 1739 cases).

    Tsoi, W F; Cheng, M C; Vengadasalam, D; Seng, K M


    A 6-month prospective study was conducted among 1739 women who underwent therapeutic abortion at Kandang Kerbau Hospital in Singapore to ascertain the aftereffects of abortion. Results of the study indicate that induced abortion has no observable bad effects on the mental health of the patients. In fact, somatic and psychiatric complaints were reduced and sexual adjustment increased 6 months postoperative. Those who were also sterilized at the time of the abortion showed a slightly lower rate of somatic symptom reduction than the rest of the group.

  2. Bowel injury: a rare but dreaded complication of unsafe abortion

    Monika Ramola


    Full Text Available Unsafe abortions represent a preventable yet major cause of maternal mortality and morbidity in India. Intestinal perforation is a rare dreaded complication of unsafe abortion. It is commonly seen in countries in which abortions are performed by people without proper training and proper instruments. Bowel perforation occurs when the posterior vaginal wall or the uterine wall is perforated. The ileum and the sigmoid colon are the most commonly injured portion of the bowel. Here, we report a case of ileal perforation following induced unsafe abortion which was managed successfully. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(9.000: 3223-3225

  3. 笑气在人工流产手术中的临床疗效观察%Clinical observation of applying nitrous oxide to induce abortion operation

    黄立莉; 陈磊; 曾洁明; 何涓; 张淑玲; 吕小华; 王碧云


    Objective: To investigate whether the use of misoprostol and lidocaine combined with nitrons oxide has significant sedative effects or not during the operation and to investigate the specific effects on patients, and therefore to reveal the feasibility of applying misoprostol and lidocaine combined with nitrous oxide to sedate during the abortion operation.Methods: 968 pregnant women in our hospital from June 2006 to June 2010, who voluntarily demand to terminate pregnancy with the pregnancy period of 4-8 weeks and gestational sacs of 5-40 mm and who were free of contraindication.According to the principle of knowing and agreeing, they were divided into two groups, one using misoprostol and lidocaine and the other adding nitrous oxide with each group of 484 patients and the induced abortion operations were carried out with the clinical efficacy being observed.Results: In the group of using misoprostol and lidocaine, the number of cases with obvious sedative effect was 363 cases (75.0%), effective 97 cases (20.04%) and insufficient 24 cases (4.96%); in the group of using misoprostol and lidocaine combined with nitrous oxide, the number of cases with obvious sedative effect was 421 cases (86.98%), effective 53 cases (10.95%) and insufficient 10 cases (2.07%).The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion: The sedative effect of using misoprostol and lidocaine combined with nitrous oxide in induced abortion operation is significant.%目的:探讨米索前列醇、利多卡因联合笑气吸入在手术期间是否起到明显的镇痛作用以及对受术者的具体影响,以揭示在人工流产手术中应用米索前列醇、利多卡因联合笑气进行镇痛的可行性.方法:选择我院2006年6月~2010年6月因各种原因自愿要求终止妊娠,妊娠时间为4~8周,孕囊为5~40 mm,无用药禁忌证的妊娠妇女968例,根据知情同意原则分为单纯使用米索前列醇、利多卡因

  4. Fundamental discrepancies in abortion estimates and abortion-related mortality: A reevaluation of recent studies in Mexico with special reference to the International Classification of Diseases.

    Koch, Elard; Aracena, Paula; Gatica, Sebastián; Bravo, Miguel; Huerta-Zepeda, Alejandra; Calhoun, Byron C


    In countries where induced abortion is legally restricted, as in most of Latin America, evaluation of statistics related to induced abortions and abortion-related mortality is challenging. The present article reexamines recent reports estimating the number of induced abortions and abortion-related mortality in Mexico, with special reference to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). We found significant overestimations of abortion figures in the Federal District of Mexico (up to 10-fold), where elective abortion has been legal since 2007. Significant overestimation of maternal and abortion-related mortality during the last 20 years in the entire Mexican country (up to 35%) was also found. Such overestimations are most likely due to the use of incomplete in-hospital records as well as subjective opinion surveys regarding induced abortion figures, and due to the consideration of causes of death that are unrelated to induced abortion, including flawed denominators of live births. Contrary to previous publications, we found important progress in maternal health, reflected by the decrease in overall maternal mortality (30.6%) from 1990 to 2010. The use of specific ICD codes revealed that the mortality ratio associated with induced abortion decreased 22.9% between 2002 and 2008 (from 1.48 to 1.14 deaths per 100,000 live births). Currently, approximately 98% of maternal deaths in Mexico are related to causes other than induced abortion, such as hemorrhage, hypertension and eclampsia, indirect causes, and other pathological conditions. Therefore, only marginal or null effects would be expected from changes in the legal status of abortion on overall maternal mortality rates. Rather, maternal health in Mexico would greatly benefit from increasing access to emergency and specialized obstetric care. Finally, more reliable methodologies to assess abortion-related deaths are clearly required.

  5. An analysis of status and influence factors for repeated induced abortion among young females%年轻女性重复人工流产状况及其影响因素分析



    Objective To investigate the situation and the influence factors of repeated induced abortion among young female . Methods A survey was carried out among young female conducted induced abortion in Dongcheng Street Family Planning Service Station during 2011 to 2013, the questionnaire included age , education, marriage, occupation, age of first sexual behavior , contraception cognitive , primary contraception , history of induced abortion , contraception services after abortion , et al.Related factors of repeated induced abortion were analyzed by logistic regression .Results Among 1 089 young females of induced abortion , 338 cases (31.1%) were repeated induced abortion.There were 254 cases (75.1%) were of abortion twice, 61 cases (18.1%) were of three times abortions and 23 cases (6.8%) were of four times or more abortions .Marriage was a protective factor of repeated induced abortion in young females [OR=0.43 (95%CI:0.25~0.75)].Early age of first sexual behavior (<18 years) [OR=2.13 (95%CI:1.32~3.44)], low contraception cognitive [OR=3.02 (95%CI:1.75~5.20)], private enterprise employee [OR=2.81 (95%CI:1.65~2.99)] , student or unemployed [OR=5.16 (95%CI: 2.88 ~9.21)] were risk factors of repeated induced abortion.Conclusion The repeated induced abortion rate in young females is high , which is related to marital status, occupation, the age of first sex and contraception cognitive .%目的:分析年轻女性重复人工流产状况及其影响因素。方法采用现场调查方式对2011~2013年东营市东营区东城街道计生服务站进行人工流产的部分年轻女性进行问卷调查,内容主要包括年龄、文化程度、婚姻状况、职业、首次性行为年龄、避孕认知及主要避孕措施、既往人工流产及流产后避孕服务情况等,并采用Logistic回归分析探讨其中重复人工流产的相关影响因素。结果1089例人工流产的年轻女性中,重复人工流产338例(31.1%);在重

  6. 人工流产现状的分析及流产后计划生育服务研究%Analysis of Current Status of Induced Abortion and the Research on Family Planning Service After Abortion



    目的:分析人工流产现状以及对流产后患者实施计划生育服务的效果。方法利用数字随机法从我站2014年9月~2015年8月收治的人工流产患者中选取100例,分析其人工流产的现状,并对流产后的计划生育服务情况进行总结。结果通过调查显示,高中以下学历的人工流产女性比例最多,为总例数的48.00%;首次人流比例为30.00%,2次人流为28.00%,3次或者3次以上人流比例为42.00%;未婚女性人工流产率为55.00%,已婚为45.00%。结论积极地开展以服务对象为中心的流产后计划生育优质服务,加强育龄妇女避孕知识的宣传教育及避孕方法使用的指导,提高育龄妇女的避孕使用率及正确使用率,对于降低人工流产率具有积极作用。此外,对采用宫内节育器的妇女应进行定期检查、随访,保证节育器的有效性,能够有效减少非意愿妊娠和重复流产。%Objective To analyze the current situation of artificial abortion and the efect of the implementation of the family planning service for the patients after abortion. Methods 100 cases of artificial abortion in our hospital from September 2014 to2015 August were selected,and the status of artificial abortion were analyzed. Results Through the survey,the proportion of women who had high school education had the highest proportion,48% of the total number of cases,the first rate of 30%,2,3,3,42%,55%,45%,28%. ConclusionTo carry out the service object as the center of the post abortion family planning service, strengthen the education and guidance for the use of contraceptive knowledge of women of childbearing age. In addition,women with intrauterine devices should be regularly checked and folowed up,to ensure the efectiveness of the birth control device,can efectively reduce the unwanted pregnancy and repeat abortion.

  7. Attitude toward contraception and abortion among Curaçao women. Ineffective contraception due to limited sexual education?

    Brink, M.J.; Boersma, A.A.; Meyboom-deJong, B; Bruijn, de J.G.M.


    Background In Curaçao is a high incidence of unintended pregnancies and induced abortions. Most of the induced abortions in Curaçao are on request of the woman and performed by general practitioners. In Curaçao, induced abortion is strictly prohibited, but since 1999 there has been a policy of conni

  8. 无痛人流患者的心理护理%The effect of adverse effect about mental intervention to painless induced abortion



    目的:探讨心理护理干预对无痛人流术不良反应的影响。方法:将200例无痛人流术患者随机分为对照组100例,干预组100例。对照组采用常规护理,干预组在此基础上接受心理护理干预。结果:与术前相比麻醉后两组患者均出现程度不同的血压、心率、血氧饱和度下降,但差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);对照组术中呼吸抑制、躁动、术后不良情绪发生率高于干预组,差异有统计学意义(P0.05);the rates of respiratory depression, restlessness during operation, dysthymia at postoperation is higher than intervention group. The differences are significant(p<0.05). Conclusion Mental intervention is able to degrade adverse effect of cases about painless induced abortion and prevent accident to take place.

  9. Effect of Chinese Herbs Bu-shen on Expression of Pituitary PRL-R and PrRP-R in the Bromocriptine-induced Hypoprolactin Rat Abortion Model

    Hai-yan WANG; Sui-qi GUI; Fang-xian LU; Li-min LU; Lin CAO


    Objective To study the effect of Chinese herbs preparation Bu-shen on pituitary prolactin-releasing peptide receptor(PrRP-R) and prolactin receptor(PRL-R) expression in the bromocriptine-induced rat abortion modelMaterials & Methods Female SD rats were divided into five groups randomly. Group A,B,C and D were injected with bromocriptine [0.3 mg/(kg*d)] during the pregnant day 6~8, respectively. Group B was given powder of Bu-shen herbs [3 g/(kg*d)]. Group C was injected with prolactin (8 IU) twice a day and Group D with progesterone [(8 mg/kg*d) in the pregnant day 1~11. The rats in Group E were normal pregnant rats. All these rats were killed at the pregnant day 12 to observe the expression of PrRP-R, PRL-R from the pituitary using RT-PCR.Results The pregnant rate and total number of litters in Group A were significantly lower than those in Group B, C, D and E (P<0.01) and the expression of PrRP-R and PRL-R in the pituitary of Group A was higher than that of any other group.Conclusion Preparation Bu-shen plays a regulatory role in the secretion of prolactin possibly via modulating rats' hypothalamus and pituitary.

  10. Meeting the need for safe abortion care in Ethiopia: results of a national assessment in 2008.

    Abdella, Ahmed; Fetters, Tamara; Benson, Janie; Pearson, Erin; Gebrehiwot, Yirgu; Andersen, Kathryn; Gebreselassie, Hailemichael; Tesfaye, Solomon


    Complications of an unsafe abortion are a major contributor to maternal deaths and morbidity in Africa. When abortions are performed in safe environments, such complications are almost all preventable. This paper reports results from a nationally representative health facility study conducted in Ethiopia in 2008. The safe abortion care (SAC) model, a monitoring approach to assess the amount, distribution, use and quality of abortion services, provided a framework. Data collection included key informant interviews with 335 health care providers, prospective data on 8911 women seeking treatment for abortion complications or induced abortion and review of facility logbooks. Although the existing hospitals perform most basic abortion care functions, the number of facilities providing basic and comprehensive abortion care for the population size fell far short of the recommended levels. Almost one-half (48%) of women treated for obstetric complications in the facilities had abortion complications. The use of appropriate abortion technologies in the first trimester and the provision of post-abortion contraception overall were reasonably strong, especially in private sector facilities. Following abortion law reform in 2005 and subsequent service expansion and improvements, Ethiopia remains committed to reducing complications from an unsafe abortion. This study provides the first national snapshot to measure changes in a dynamic abortion care environment.

  11. Abortion and Selection


    The introduction of legalized abortion in the early 1970s led to dramatic changes in fertility behavior. Some research has suggested as well that there were important impacts on cohort outcomes, but this literature has been limited and controversial. In this paper, we provide a framework for understanding the mechanisms through which abortion access affects cohort outcomes, and use that framework to both address inconsistent past methodological approaches, and provide evidence on the long-run...

  12. José Barzelatto lecture: Vision on unsafe abortion.

    Faúndes, Anibal


    José Barzelatto first distinguished himself as a leader with a vision in his years as a medical student. Later, principally as Director of the Reproductive Health Program at the World Health Organization and of the Ford Foundation program for women's sexual and reproductive rights, he contributed immensely toward the recognition of women's sexual and reproductive rights as part of their basic human rights. José Barzelatto's vision on abortion reflects his drive to promote social justice and respect individual rights, respect diversity, and promote a social consensus for a peaceful society. He believed that the fetus has moral value and did not accept abortion as a method of fertility control, but understood that abortion is a social phenomenon that cannot be changed with legal or moral condemnation. He accepted that condemning women who abort does not prevent abortion, is unfair, and causes great human suffering at a high social cost. José proposed nine points to form the basis for an overlapping consensus on abortion, on which to base a practical consensus that would allow societies to reduce the number of abortions and minimize their consequences. If we can agree on all or most of those points we would achieve the common objectives of: fewer women confronting the dilemma of how to deal with an unwanted pregnancy; fewer induced abortions; and fewer women suffering the consequences of unsafe abortion.

  13. Single and repeated elective abortions in Japan: a psychosocial study.

    Kitamura, T; Toda, M A; Shima, S; Sugawara, M


    Despite its social, legal and medical importance, termination of pregnancy (TOP) (induced abortion) has rarely been the focus of psychosocial research. Of a total of 1329 women who consecutively attended the antenatal clinic of a general hospital in Japan, 635 were expecting their first baby. Of these 635 women, 103 (16.2%) had experienced TOP once previously (first aborters), while 47 (7.4%) had experienced TOP two or more times (repeated aborters). Discriminant function analysis was performed using psychosocial variables found to be significantly associated with either first abortion or repeated abortion in bivariate analyses. This revealed that both first and repeated aborters could be predicted by smoking habits and an unwanted current pregnancy while the repeated aborters appear to differ from first aborters in having a longer pre-marital dating period, non-arranged marriages, smoking habits, early maternal loss experience or a low level of maternal care during childhood. These findings suggest that both the frequency of abortion and its repetition have psychosocial origins.

  14. Aborto induzido entre prostitutas: um levantamento pela técnica de urna em Teresina - Piauí Induced abortion among prostitutes: a survey using the ballot-box technique in Teresina - Piauí

    Alberto Pereira Madeiro


    Full Text Available Este artigo avalia a prevalência do aborto induzido entre prostitutas e caracteriza as práticas para abortar mais comuns. Realizou-se levantamento com 310 prostitutas de 18 a 39 anos, através de amostra por cotas de idade nas 05 zonas territoriais de Teresina-Piauí. Foram empregados 02 questionários: o primeiro, pela técnica de urna, com perguntas sobre a prática do aborto; o segundo, preenchido pelo pesquisador, com informações sociodemográficas. A prática do aborto induzido foi relatada por 163 (52,6% mulheres. A maior parte realizou 01 aborto (50,3%, mas 16,5% delas relatou 3 ou mais. O misoprostol foi empregado isoladamente em 68,1% dos relatos e associado com chás e/ ou sondas em 9,2%. O uso único de chás foi descrito em 13,4% das vezes, sondas em 3,7% e curetagem uterina em clínicas clandestinas em 3,7%. Houve relato de internação hospitalar pós-aborto por 47,8% delas. Após ajuste no modelo de regressão logística múltipla, a variável que permaneceu associada significativamente ao aborto foi ter tido 3 ou mais gestações. Estes resultados indicam que o aborto induzido é evento de grande prevalência entre prostitutas em Teresina. O misoprostol é o método predominante para abortar, sendo a internação hospitalar necessária em quase metade dos casos.This study assesses the prevalence of induced abortion among prostitutes and lists the most common abortion practices. A survey was conducted with 310 prostitutes between 18 and 39 years of age, by sampling age quotas in the 5 territorial areas of Teresina in the state of Piauí. Data collection was conducted through the use of 2 questionnaires: the first, by the ballot-box technique, with questions about abortion; the second, completed by the researcher, with socio-demographic information. The practice of abortion was reported by 163 (52.6% women. Most prostitutes performed 1 abortion (50.3%, but 16.5% of them reported carrying out 3 or more. Misoprostol was used

  15. The current research of care services on women after induced abortion%人工流产后关爱服务的研究现状

    陈美芳(综述); 赵仁峰(审校)


    人工流产后关爱服务是流产后服务的综合措施,主要是利用现代避孕相关技术对人工流产后女性及家属实施健康宣教,使其掌握有效的避孕方法,避免意外妊娠,降低重复流产率。国内已有部分医院开展门诊人工流产后关爱服务,受多种因素影响,关爱服务的质量并不乐观。 PDCA循环理论是质量管理的有效工具,研究其在人工流产后关爱服务质量监控中的作用有重要意义。该文对人工流产后关爱服务的研究现状作一综述。%Care service is a comprehensive measure for post-abortion care, which uses modern contraception to educate abortion women and their families, and makes them master effective contraceptive knowledge to avoid acci-dental pregnancy and reduces repeating abortion rate.In China, some hospitals provide post-abortion care for the out-patients.Due to the influence of many factors, so far the quality of post-abortion care is not satisfactory and thus plays a key role in the quality control of the post-abortion care services.We summarise the current research of post-abortion care services in this paper.

  16. Is there an "abortion trauma syndrome"? Critiquing the evidence.

    Robinson, Gail Erlick; Stotland, Nada L; Russo, Nancy Felipe; Lang, Joan A; Occhiogrosso, Mallay


    The objective of this review is to identify and illustrate methodological issues in studies used to support claims that induced abortion results in an "abortion trauma syndrome" or a psychiatric disorder. After identifying key methodological issues to consider when evaluating such research, we illustrate these issues by critically examining recent empirical studies that are widely cited in legislative and judicial testimony in support of the existence of adverse psychiatric sequelae of induced abortion. Recent studies that have been used to assert a causal connection between abortion and subsequent mental disorders are marked by methodological problems that include, but not limited to: poor sample and comparison group selection; inadequate conceptualization and control of relevant variables; poor quality and lack of clinical significance of outcome measures; inappropriateness of statistical analyses; and errors of interpretation, including misattribution of causal effects. By way of contrast, we review some recent major studies that avoid these methodological errors. The most consistent predictor of mental disorders after abortion remains preexisting disorders, which, in turn, are strongly associated with exposure to sexual abuse and intimate violence. Educating researchers, clinicians, and policymakers how to appropriately assess the methodological quality of research about abortion outcomes is crucial. Further, methodologically sound research is needed to evaluate not only psychological outcomes of abortion, but also the impact of existing legislation and the effects of social attitudes and behaviors on women who have abortions.

  17. 早孕药物流产中超声的监测效果分析%Analysis of Monitoring Effect of Ultrasound in Early Pregnancy Induced Abortion



    Objective To evaluate the clinical value of ultrasonography in early medical abortion.Methods Early pregnancy women for medical abortion in our hospital were selected to monitore abortion effect by abdominal ultrasound,observe the effect of the drug in early pregnancy abortion women.Results Gestational sac diameter>10mm of comparison,the success rate of abortion gestational sac inside diameter of 10mm or less in significantly increased,the difference was statistically significant ( 10 mm的比较﹐孕囊内径在10 mm以下的流产成功率明显提高﹐差异有统计学意义(<0.05)﹔初次妊娠的药物流产成功率显著高于再次妊娠﹐差异有统计学意义(<0.05)。结论彩超在监测早孕妇女药物流产成功率方面安全可靠﹐药物流产选择时﹐尽量考虑低龄产妇或者初产妇。

  18. La discusión sobre el aborto provocado en el Congreso Nacional Brasileño: el papel del movimiento de mujeres The discussion on induced abortion in the Brazilian Congress: the role of the women's movement

    Ellen Hardy


    Full Text Available El aborto provocado es un tema que ha sido muy discutido en Brasil desde hace mucho años, sin que se haya conseguido cambiar el texto del Código Penal vigente desde 1940. El Código considera que el aborto es ilegal y un crimen contra la vida. Solamente es permitido em dos casos: si no hay otra forma de salvar la vida de la embarazada o si el embarazo resulta de una violación y el aborto es precedido por el consentimiento de la embarazada. El objetivo de este artículo es mostrar como se ha enfrentado el problema del aborto a nível de políticas gubernamentales y legislativas, especificamente la discusión en el Congreso Nacional considerando la actuación del movimiento de mujeres. En este ensayo es enfocado el debate sobre el aborto provocado en el poder legislativo y como éste fue precedido, acompañado y seguido por acciones del movimiento organizado de mujeres. Otros actores políticos y sociales involucrados en el debate, tal como la Iglesia Católica, sectores de la categoria médica y las religiones evangélicas, son mencionadas.Induced abortion has been discussed in Brazil for many years without producing changes in the Penal Code in force since 1940 and according to which it is illegal and a crime against life. There are only two circumstances in which induced abortion is allowed: when there is no other recourse for saving the pregnant woman' life, and when the pregnancy resulted from rape and the abortion is preceded by the woman's informed consent. The purpose of this article is to show how the abortion problem has been dealt with under executive and legislative policies, focusing especially on discussion in Congress considering the role of organized women's groups. The study focuses on the legislative debate on induced abortion and how it was preceded, accompanied, and followed by actions by the women's groups. Other political and social actors involved in the debate, such as the Catholic Church, sectors of the medical

  19. The Response of Abortion Demand to Changes in Abortion Costs

    Medoff, Marshall H.


    This study uses pooled cross-section time-series data, over the years 1982, 1992 and 2000, to estimate the impact of various restrictive abortion laws on the demand for abortion. This study complements and extends prior research by explicitly including the price of obtaining an abortion in the estimation. The empirical results show that the real…

  20. Rewriting abortion: deploying medical records in jurisdictional negotiation over a forbidden practice in Senegal.

    Suh, Siri


    Boundary work refers to the strategies deployed by professionals in the arenas of the public, the law and the workplace to define and defend jurisdictional authority. Little attention has been directed to the role of documents in negotiating professional claims. While boundary work over induced abortion has been extensively documented, few studies have examined jurisdictional disputes over the treatment of abortion complications, or post-abortion care (PAC). This study explores how medical providers deploy medical records in boundary work over the treatment of complications of spontaneous and induced abortion in Senegal, where induced abortion is prohibited under any circumstance. Findings are based on an institutional ethnography of Senegal's national PAC program over a period of 13 months between 2010 and 2011. Data collection methods included in-depth interviews with 36 health care professionals, observation of PAC services at three hospitals, a review of abortion records at each hospital, and a case review of illegal abortions prosecuted by the state. Findings show that health providers produce a particular account of the type of abortion treated through a series of practices such as the patient interview and the clinical exam. Providers obscure induced abortion in medical documents in three ways: the use of terminology that does not differentiate between induced and spontaneous abortion in PAC registers, the omission of data on the type of abortion altogether in PAC registers, and reporting the total number but not the type of abortions treated in hospital data transmitted to state health authorities. The obscuration of suspected induced abortion in the record permits providers to circumvent police inquiry at the hospital. PAC has been implemented in approximately 50 countries worldwide. This study demonstrates the need for additional research on how medical professionals negotiate conflicting medical and legal obligations in the daily practice of treating

  1. Abortion and human rights.

    Shaw, Dorothy


    Abortion has been a reality in women's lives since the beginning of recorded history, typically with a high risk of fatal consequences, until the last century when evolutions in the field of medicine, including techniques of safe abortion and effective methods of family planning, could have ended the need to seek unsafe abortion. The context of women's lives globally is an important but often ignored variable, increasingly recognised in evolving human rights especially related to gender and reproduction. International and regional human rights instruments are being invoked where national laws result in violations of human rights such as health and life. The individual right to conscientious objection must be respected and better understood, and is not absolute. Health professional organisations have a role to play in clarifying responsibilities consistent with national laws and respecting reproductive rights. Seeking common ground using evidence rather than polarised opinion can assist the future focus.

  2. [Abortion and crime].

    Citoni, Guido


    In this article we address the issue, with a tentative empirical application to the Italian data, of the relationship, very debated mainly in north America, between abortion legalization and reduction of crime rates of youth. The rationale of this relationship is that there is a causal factor at work: the more unwanted pregnancies aborted, the less unwanted children breeding their criminal attitude in an hostile/deprived family environment. Many methodological and empirical criticisms have been raised against the proof of the existence of such a relationship: our attempt to test if this link is valid for Italy cannot endorse its existence. The data we used made necessary some assumptions and the reliability of official estimates of crime rates was debatable (probably downward biased). We conclude that, at least for Italy, the suggested relationship is unproven: other reasons for the need of legal abortion have been and should be put forward.

  3. Effects of abortion legalization in Nepal, 2001-2010.

    Jillian T Henderson

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Abortion was legalized in Nepal in 2002, following advocacy efforts highlighting high maternal mortality from unsafe abortion. We sought to assess whether legalization led to reductions in the most serious maternal health consequences of unsafe abortion. METHODS: We conducted retrospective medical chart review of all gynecological cases presenting at four large public referral hospitals in Nepal. For the years 2001-2010, all cases of spontaneous and induced abortion complications were identified, abstracted, and coded to classify cases of serious infection, injury, and systemic complications. We used segmented Poisson and ordinary logistic regression to test for trend and risks of serious complications for three time periods: before implementation (2001-2003, early implementation (2004-2006, and later implementation (2007-2010. RESULTS: 23,493 cases of abortion complications were identified. A significant downward trend in the proportion of serious infection, injury, and systemic complications was observed for the later implementation period, along with a decline in the risk of serious complications (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.64, 0.85. Reductions in sepsis occurred sooner, during early implementation (OR 0.6, 95% CI 0.47, 0.75. CONCLUSION: Over the study period, health care use and the population of reproductive aged women increased. Total fertility also declined by nearly half, despite relatively low contraceptive prevalence. Greater numbers of women likely obtained abortions and sought hospital care for complications following legalization, yet we observed a significant decline in the rate of serious abortion morbidity. The liberalization of abortion policy in Nepal has benefited women's health, and likely contributes to falling maternal mortality in the country. The steepest decline was observed after expansion of the safe abortion program to include midlevel providers, second trimester training, and medication abortion, highlighting the

  4. [Abortion in unsafe conditions. Concealment, illegality, corruption and negligence].

    Ortiz Ortega, A


    "Abortion practiced under conditions of risk" is a phrase used to refer to illegal abortion. The phrase does not highlight the disappearance of risk when legislation changes. Rather, it calls attention to the fact that legal restrictions significantly increase dangers while failing to discourage women determined to terminate pregnancies. The International Planned Parenthood Federation defines abortion under conditions of risk as the use of nonoptimal technology, lack of counseling and services to orient the woman's decision and provide postabortion counseling, and the limitation of freedom to make the decision. The phrase encompasses concealment, illegality, corruption, and negligence. It is designed to impose a reproductive health perspective in response to an unresolved social conflict. Steps have been developed to improve the situation of women undergoing abortion even without a change in its legal status. Such steps include training and purchase of equipment for treatment of incomplete abortions and development of counseling and family planning services. The central difficulty of abortion induced in conditions of risk derives from the laws imposing the need for secrecy. In Mexico, the abortion decision belongs to the government and the society, while individual absorb the consequences of the practice of abortion. Public decision making about abortion is dominated by the concept that the female has an obligation to carry any pregnancy to term. Women who interfere with male descendency and practice a sexuality distinct from reproduction are made to pay a price in health and emotional balance. Resolution of the problem of abortion will require new concepts in terms of legal status, public health issues, and the rights of women. The problem becomes more pressing as abortion becomes more common in a country anxious to advance in the demographic transition. Only a commitment to the reproductive health of women and the full development of their rights as citizens will

  5. Did Legalized Abortion Lower Crime?


    This paper examines the relationship between the legalization of abortion and subsequent decreases in crime. In a current study, researchers estimate that the legalization of abortion explains over half of the recent decline in national crime rates. The association is identified by correlating changes in crime with changes in the abortion ratio weighted by the proportion of the criminal population exposed to legalized abortion. In this paper, I use an alternative identification strategy. I an...

  6. A Shiite perspective toward abortion

    Kiarash Aramesh


    All schools of Islamic jurisprudence regard abortion as wrong and forbidden and allow abortion only before the stage of ensoulment, if the continuation of pregnancy would endanger the mother's life or put her into intolerable difficulties. In this article we describe and assess the viewpoint of Shiite jurisprudence toward abortion. "nUsing a selected collection of related references, and discussion describes with experts, this article the abortion in Shiite jurisprudence."nIn t...

  7. Abortion — facts and consequences

    Perinčić, Robert


    The author sets forth some of the most recent demographic data, important directions of legal documents as regards abortion, tackling medical and ethical problems of abortion. Some essentials particulars are also given as to the embryonic and foetal development. The whole paper concerns the problems of legal abortion during the first three months of pregnancy. The second part of the paper relates to the consequences of abortion affecting the physical and mental health of a woman as show...

  8. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Risky Sexual Behavior and Abortion

    Marshall H. Medoff


    Full Text Available Problem statement: incidence of abortion in the United States has steadily declined since 1990. The question is why? Approach: This study, using multiple linear regression, examines whether women’s unprotected sexual activity is deterred by the risk of contracting AIDS as reflected in decreased abortion rates. Results: The empirical evidence consistently finds that the prevalence of AIDS reduces the risky (unprotected sexual activity of women of childbearing ages 15-44 as reflected in their abortion rates. The empirical results remain robust for the abortion rates of teens ages 15-17 and for teens ages 15-19. Conclusion: The empirical results suggest that the behavioral modification induced by the prevalence of AIDS accounted for 21% of the decrease in abortion rates over the time period 1992-2005.

  9. Postpartum and Post-Abortion Contraception: From Research to Programs.

    Shah, Iqbal H; Santhya, K G; Cleland, John


    Contraception following delivery or an induced abortion reduces the risk of an early unintended pregnancy and its associated adverse health consequences. Unmet need for contraception during the postpartum period and contraceptive counseling and services following abortion have been the focus of efforts for the last several decades. This article provides an introduction to the more focused contributions that follow in this special issue. We discuss the validity and measurement of the concept of unmet need for family planning during the postpartum period. We then present key findings on postpartum contraceptive protection, use dynamics, and method mix, followed by an assessment of interventions to improve postpartum family planning. The evidence on postabortion contraceptive uptake and continuation of use remains thin, although encouraging results are noted for implementation of comprehensive abortion care and for the impact of post-abortion contraceptive counseling and services. Drawing on these studies, we outline policy and program implications for improving postpartum and post-abortion contraceptive use.

  10. Space Shuttle Abort Evolution

    Henderson, Edward M.; Nguyen, Tri X.


    This paper documents some of the evolutionary steps in developing a rigorous Space Shuttle launch abort capability. The paper addresses the abort strategy during the design and development and how it evolved during Shuttle flight operations. The Space Shuttle Program made numerous adjustments in both the flight hardware and software as the knowledge of the actual flight environment grew. When failures occurred, corrections and improvements were made to avoid a reoccurrence and to provide added capability for crew survival. Finally some lessons learned are summarized for future human launch vehicle designers to consider.

  11. 计划妊娠妇女既往人工流产特征及原因分析%Analysis of characteristics and causes of induced abortion history in planned pregnancy women

    吕朝容; 陈庆; 张芩; 杨柳


    Objective To analyze the characteristics and causes of induced abortion history in planned pregnancy women, to improve reproductive health for planned pregnancy women and promote eugenics.Methods A total of 7 354 planned pregnancy women in Nan’ an district of Chongqing from 2010 to 2013 were surveyed by questionnaire about induced abortion issues.Results The abortion rate of planned pregnancy women was high, which was proportional to the age and inversely proportional to degree of culture, stability of the professional.Conclusion High abortion rate in planned pregnancy women is causecl by not taking contraceptive measures, improper use of contraceptive methods or no systematic pre-pregnancy health education interventions.Various measures should be taken to reduce the abortion rate for planned pregnancy women to enhance eugenics.%目的:了解计划妊娠妇女既往人工流产(简称人流)特征并分析其原因,以提高计划妊娠妇女的生殖健康水平,促进优生。方法对重庆市南岸区2010~2013年7354例计划妊娠妇女进行人流相关问题的调查并进行分析。结果计划妊娠妇女人流率及重复人流率偏高,且与年龄成正比,与文化程度、职业的稳定性成反比。结论计划妊娠妇女既往人流率偏高,其原因是未采取避孕措施、避孕方法使用不当或没进行系统的孕前健康教育,宜采取多种干预措施降低计划妊娠妇女的人流率,促进优生。

  12. Abortion and compelled physician speech.

    Orentlicher, David


    Informed consent mandates for abortion providers may infringe the First Amendment's freedom of speech. On the other hand, they may reinforce the physician's duty to obtain informed consent. Courts can promote both doctrines by ensuring that compelled physician speech pertains to medical facts about abortion rather than abortion ideology and that compelled speech is truthful and not misleading.

  13. Pregnancy outcome following spontaneous abortions

    Swati Agrawal


    Conclusions: Previous history of spontaneous abortion is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. There is increased risk of abortion, preterm delivery, need for caesarean sections and fetal loss in cases of previous spontaneous abortions. These complications and fetal loss can be reduced by booking the patients and giving due antenatal care. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(6.000: 1891-1893

  14. Did Legalized Abortion Lower Crime?

    Joyce, Ted


    Changes in homicide and arrest rates were compared among cohorts born before and after legalization of abortion and those who were unexposed to legalized abortion. It was found that legalized abortion improved the lives of many women as they could avoid unwanted births.

  15. Abortion and contraceptive failure.


    Persona, marketed by Unipath, is a new method of natural family planning which has been on the market since 1996. It works by measuring the hormone levels in a woman's urine and letting her know when she is not fertile and may have sex without using a barrier method of contraception. The British Pregnancy Advisory Service (BPAS) found that their surveyed clients who reported using Persona had 188 abortions in 3 months and concluded that there was a need for better information and more advice for couples who plan to use the method. The other major non-NHS abortion provider, Marie Stopes International, reported similar findings, with about 60 women per month visiting their clinics for abortions after having used the method. The BPAS survey also showed that 43% of the women who had an abortion after using Persona were aged 24 years or younger even though Persona is intended for use by women aged 25-40 years in stable relationships. A similar proportion also reported having sex on days when the method told them that they were most fertile. These latter women were not asked if they used another method of contraception on fertile days. An additional 13% reported ignoring the instructions to wait for 3 natural periods after terminating pill use before beginning to use Persona.

  16. Abortion: Strong's counterexamples fail

    Di Nucci, Ezio


    This paper shows that the counterexamples proposed by Strong in 2008 in the Journal of Medical Ethics to Marquis's argument against abortion fail. Strong's basic idea is that there are cases--for example, terminally ill patients--where killing an adult human being is prima facie seriously morally...

  17. [Abortion and conscientious objection].

    Czarkowski, Marek


    Polish laws specify the parties responsible for lawful medical care in the availability of abortion differently than the Resolution of the Council of Europe. According to Polish regulations they include all Polish doctors while according to the Resolution, the state. Polish rules should not discriminate against anyone in connection with his religion or belief, even more so because the issue of abortion is an example of an unresolved ethical dispute. The number of lawful abortion in Poland does not exceed 1000 per year and can be carried out by only a few specialists contracted by the National Health Fund. Sufficient information and assistance should be provided to all pregnant women by the National Health Fund. The participation of all physicians in the informing process is not necessary, as evidenced by the lack of complaints to provide information on where in vitro fertilization treatment can be found - until recently only available when paid for by the individual and performed in much larger numbers than abortion. Entities performing this paid procedure made sure to provide information on their own. The rejection of the right to the conscientious objection clause by negating the right to refuse information may lead some to give up the profession or cause the termination of certain professionals on the basis of the professed worldview. Meanwhile, doctors are not allowed to be discriminated against on the basis of their conscience or religion.

  18. Women's hidden transcripts about abortion in Brazil.

    Nations, M K; Misago, C; Fonseca, W; Correia, L L; Campbell, O M


    Two folk medical conditions, "delayed" (atrasada) and "suspended" (suspendida) menstruation, are described as perceived by poor Brazilian women in Northeast Brazil. Culturally prescribed methods to "regulate" these conditions and provoke menstrual bleeding are also described, including ingesting herbal remedies, patent drugs, and modern pharmaceuticals. The ingestion of such self-administered remedies is facilitated by the cognitive ambiguity, euphemisms, folklore, etc., which surround conception and gestation. The authors argue that the ethnomedical conditions of "delayed" and "suspended" menstruation and subsequent menstrual regulation are part of the "hidden reproductive transcript" of poor and powerless Brazilian women. Through popular culture, they voice their collective dissent to the official, public opinion about the illegality and immorality of induced abortion and the chronic lack of family planning services in Northeast Brazil. While many health professionals consider women's explanations of menstrual regulation as a "cover-up" for self-induced abortions, such popular justifications may represent either an unconscious or artful manipulation of hegemonic, anti-abortion ideology expressed in prudent, unobtrusive and veiled ways. The development of safer abortion alternatives should consider women's hidden reproductive transcripts.

  19. Swedish students' attitudes toward abortion.

    Lindell, M E; Olsson, H M


    The Swedish abortion legislation of 1975 gave women the right to make a decision about abortion before the end of the 18th week of pregnancy. The number of abortions is rising in Sweden as a chosen method of birth control. The attitudes of students toward abortion were studied in 1986-1987. A questionnaire containing items on how sex education is taught, the anatomy and physiology of reproduction, contraceptives, sexually transmitted diseases, and legal abortion was answered by 421 high school students. Results pertaining to the students' attitudes toward abortion are reported. Two thirds of the students believed that the decision about an abortion should be made by the man and woman together. Nearly all respondents believed that abortion should not be considered a method of birth control. These results may be considered a guide for interventions to prevent the need for abortion. One fourth of all pregnancies in Sweden terminate in abortion. The students in the present study thought of abortion as a solution. Authors studying samples with different cultural backgrounds have reported similar attitudes.

  20. Investigation and intervention in unigravidas,emotional disorder before induced abortion%初次妊娠人工流产前的护理干预

    张玉清; 黄飘; 陈英女


    目的 了解初次妊娠后人工流产终止妊娠的妇女心理健康状况及需求.方法 采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)和焦虑自评量表(SAS)对600例符合条件的初孕妇随机分为两组,对照组无任何干预下进行自评测查,治疗组进行心理和药物治疗后再进行自评测查,两组对比并与我国女性常规模式进行比较.结果 600例初孕妇抑郁和焦虑程度均高于常模,治疗组较对照组有明显改善.结论 应及时对初孕妇进行计划生育基本知识的宣传教育,使之保持一个健康的心态,顺利完成手术过程,尽早恢复身心健康.%Objective To indetify mental problems and requirements of women who conclude primi-gravida by induced abortion. Methods 600 unigravidas in compliance with the enrollment requirements are randomly distributed into two groups according to Self-rating Depression scale (SDS) and Self-rating Anxiety scale (SAS) ,one grorp without intervention, the control group after psychological and drug treatment ,then, compare the two groups and compare them with norm in our country .Results The depression and anxiety level of 600 unigravidas were both higher than those of the norm,the effect of the treatment group with symptoms above was much better than those in the control group.Conclusions These patients should be taught some knowledge about family planning and be trained to maintain optimal mental health.

  1. The application of mifepristone and dezocine composited with propofol in the induced abortion%米非司酮联合地佐辛复合异丙酚在人工流产术中的应用

    郭艳汝; 单士强; 杨森; 李艳飞; 齐新颖


    目的:观察米非司酮联合地佐辛复合异丙酚在人工流产术中的应用效果.方法:360例自愿终止妊娠的初孕妇女随机分为4组,观察各组镇静镇痛效果,宫颈软化效果,扩张宫颈的时间,子宫收缩情况,术中出血量,人工流产综合征发生情况,人工流产术近期并发症.结果:A组、C组(地佐辛镇痛组)镇痛效果满意;B组、D组(芬太尼镇痛组)镇痛效果欠佳,总不良反应发生率地佐辛组明显低于芬太尼组(P<0.05).A组、B组(米非司酮软化宫颈组)总有效率达100%,充分软化率与C组、D组(空白组)相比有明显统计学差异(P<0.01),但人工流产近期并发症的观察未见统计学差异.结论:镇痛效果优良,宫颈软化率高,扩张宫颈快捷安全,未见人工流产综合征的发生.%OBJECTIVE To observe the effect of application of mifepristone and dezocine composited with propofol in the induced abortion. METHODS 360 cases of the earlier pregnant women were divided into four groups randomly, observed the following indexes: the effects of sedation and analgesia, and the softening of cervix, the time of cervical dilatation, the condition of uterine contractions and artificial abortion syndrome, the blood loss during operation, the short term complication of the induced abortion. RESULTS There were both satisfaction of the effect of sedation and analgesia in group A and C(dezocine analgesia groups); there were satisfaction of the effect of sedation and unsatisfaction of the effect of analgesia in group B and group D (fentanyl analgesia groups) . Total adverse reaction incidence rate in dezocine groups was obviously lower than that in fenta-nyl groups (P<0. 05). In group A and group B (mifepristone groups) the total effective rate of mifepristone in softening of the cervix reached 100%, and the adequate softening rate of cervix was statistically significant higher than group C and group D(P <0. 01). There was no statistically significant

  2. Austerity and Abortion in the European Union.


    : Economic hardship accompanying large recessions can lead families to terminate unplanned pregnancies. To assess whether abortions have risen during the recession, we collected crude abortion data from 2000 to 2012 from Eurostat for countries that had legal abortions and complete data. Declining trends in abortion ratios between 2000 and 2009 have been reversing. Excess abortions between 2010 and 2012 totaled 10.6 abortions per 1000 pregnancies ending in abortion or birth or 6701 additional ...




    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Study of induced abortion in India by considering t he complete birth history of women is lacking. Induced abortion is associated wi th high mortality and morbidity in India. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to find out the In duced abortions ratio and to identify certain characteristics like perception, hea lth care seeking behavior and the motivational factors for such an act. METHODS: An exploratory type of investigation (a retrospective case series study was carried out amo ng 46 acceptors of induced abortion in a rural community of west Bengal, between September, 1 1 to February 12. RESULTS: The ratio of induced abortions was 20.62 per year per 1000 women o f reproductive age group. 89% belongs to Hindu and 93% of them were married. Unplanned preg nancy (43.47% and financial problem (21.73 % were the main reasons for acceptance of in duced abortions. About 71 % of induced abortions were carried out by qualified person in h ospital set up. CONCLUSION: Eventually induced abortions are increasing universally and se veral traditional methods are also found to be life threatening. So exploration of induced abort ions is important aspect and explores the point for entry of further research.

  4. 人工流产术后使用短效口服避孕药的价值%The Value of Using Combined Oral Contraceptive Pills after Induced Abortion

    李丽; 刘慧; 张炜


    Objective To assess the clinical value of using combined oral contraceptive pils after induced abortion.Methods 200 health women with early pregnant who were voluntary to receive induced abortion in outpatient clinic from 2013 September to 2014 September were analyzed. They were divided to the OC group and the control group according to their voluntary choice of contraception. The drospirenone and ethinylestradiol tables (Yasmin?) were uesed at the first day of abortion in the OC group(1# qd po, for 21 days),and the next folowing stage would start at the fourth day of menstruation. Six periods were observed. The other contraceptive Methods , such as condom, safe period and coitus interruptus, were used in the control group. The volume and duration of vaginal bleeding, status of endometrium, menstruation recovery, pregnant rates as wel as the side effects of oral contraceptive were observed.Results The volume and duration of vaginal bleeding after abortion, menstruation recovery and the contraception efficiency in the OC group were better than these in the control group(P < 0.05).Conclusion Using combined oral contraceptive pils after induced abortion is the key content of Post Abortion Care.%目的 探讨人工流产术后口服短效避孕药的临床意义.方法 选择2013年9月~2014年9月来我院门诊就诊,自愿要求非意愿行人工流产的健康早孕妇女200例,根据患者意愿自行选择避孕方法,选择复方口服避孕药进行避孕的进入OC组,选择屏障避孕法、安全期及体外排精一般避孕方法进入对照组.二组均于人流术后开始常规口服抗生素预防感染,并于服药前检查血常规及肝肾功能.(1)OC组:于人流术后当天口服复方避孕药屈螺酮炔雌醇片(商品名:优思明,拜耳医药保健有限公司)服用方法:1片,qd,连服21天为1疗程;月经第4天开始第2疗程,服用方法同前,共服用六个周期;(2)对照组:于人流术后每次性生活前自行选择一般避孕

  5. The consequences of abortion legislation.

    Braude, M


    This article examines the consequences of the 1973 US Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion as well as potential implications of proposed legilation aimed at nullifying this decision. In addition to giving women the right to determine their own reproduction, legal abortion had had beneficial health effects for both mothers and infants. The partial reversal of abortion gains due to restrictions on public funding and limitations on how and where abortions can be performed has produced a slight increase in abortion mortality, but the impact has not been dramatic. Moreover, each year since 1973, women have been obtaining abortions earlier in pregnancy. Abortion may be experienced as a loss by the mother, but there is no evidence of serious psychological sequelae. In contrast, a large body of evidence supports the physical, psychological, and social benefits of legal abortion to women, children, and families. However, proponents of the proposed Human Life Amendment place protection of the rights of the fetus over all other considerations. Their antiabortion actions have challenged the medical tradition of privacy and the confidentiality of the doctor-patient relationship. Most supporters of legal abortion would prefer that there be fewer abortions; such a decrease is more likely as a result of better education and contraceptive methods rather than coercion.

  6. Austerity and Abortion in the European Union.

    Lima, Joana Madureira; Reeves, Aaron; Billari, Francesco; McKee, Martin; Stuckler, David


    Economic hardship accompanying large recessions can lead families to terminate unplanned pregnancies. To assess whether abortions have risen during the recession, we collected crude abortion data from 2000 to 2012 from Eurostat for countries that had legal abortions and complete data. Declining trends in abortion ratios between 2000 and 2009 have been reversing. Excess abortions between 2010 and 2012 totaled 10.6 abortions per 1000 pregnancies ending in abortion or birth or 6701 additional abortions (95% CI 1190-9240) with stronger effects in younger ages. Economic shocks may increase recourse to abortion. Further research should explore causal pathways and protective factors.

  7. Clinical effect on treatment with oral contraceptive Yasmin after painless induced abortion%无痛人工流产术后口服优思明的临床效果分析

    易静秋; 伍镜蓉; 袁小燕


    目的:评价无痛人工流产术后即时口服复方短效避孕药(优思明)的临床疗效。方法回顾性分析2012年1月至2013年6月泸州市计划生育指导所诊断为早孕并要求行无痛人工流产术的受术者200例,按术后是否服用优思明分为治疗组和对照组,每组各100例。观察两组术后阴道流血量及流血时间、盆腔感染、月经紊乱、子宫内膜修复及再次妊娠情况。结果治疗组无痛人工流产术后阴道流血量、阴道流血时间和月经恢复时间均显著少于对照组(P<0.05);治疗组术后盆腔感染、月经紊乱等并发症发生率、再次妊娠率明显低于对照组( P<0.05)。结论无痛人工流产术后服用优思明能有效避孕,减少术后并发症,值得临床推广应用。%Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of oral contraceptive Yasmin after painless induced abortion. Methods Data of 200 cases underWent painless induced abortion in Family Planning Guidance Institute of Luzhou City from 2012 to June 2013 Were retrospectively analyzed,all cases Were divided into treatment group and control group according to Whether taKing Yasmin,With 100 cases in each group. Vaginal bleeding amount and duration after operation, pelvic infection, menstruation disorder and endometrium repair of both groups Were observed. Results Vaginal bleeding amount and duration,menstruation recovery time after operation in treatment group Were significantly less than control group( P<0. 05). The rate of pelvic infection,menstruation disorder, subsequent pregnancy in treatment group Were significantly less than the control group( P<0. 05 ). Conclusion Oral contraceptive Yasmin after painless artificial abortion can not only achieve the purpose of contraception but also prevent complications after abortion.

  8. Piriformis pyomyositis with sciatica: an unrecognized complication of "unsafe" abortions.

    Colmegna, Ines; Justiniano, Maria; Espinoza, Luis R; Gimenez, Carlos R


    We report the case of a patient who presented with right sciatic pain as a manifestation of piriformis muscle syndrome 1 month after a clandestine- induced abortion. MRI revealed the presence of a piriformis abscess. Staphylococcus aureus was isolated from blood cultures and from the purulent material obtained by CT-guided aspiration. Piriformis pyomyositis should be recognized as a potential complication of "unsafe" abortions that if left untreated could progress to sepsis and death.

  9. Abortion law reform in Nepal.

    Upreti, Melissa


    Across four decades of political and social action, Nepal changed from a country strongly enforcing oppressive abortion restrictions, causing many poor women's long imprisonment and high rates of abortion-related maternal mortality, into a modern democracy with a liberal abortion law. The medical and public health communities supported women's rights activists in invoking legal principles of equality and non-discrimination as a basis for change. Legislative reform of the criminal ban in 2002 and the adoption of an Interim Constitution recognizing women's reproductive rights as fundamental rights in 2007 inspired the Supreme Court in 2009 to rule that denial of women's access to abortion services because of poverty violated their constitutional rights. The government must now provide services under criteria for access without charge, and services must be decentralized to promote equitable access. A strong legal foundation now exists for progress in social justice to broaden abortion access and reduce abortion stigma.

  10. Fundamental discrepancies in abortion estimates and abortion-related mortality: A reevaluation of recent studies in Mexico with special reference to the International Classification of Diseases

    Koch E


    Full Text Available Elard Koch,1,2 Paula Aracena,1 Sebastián Gatica,1 Miguel Bravo,1 Alejandra Huerta-Zepeda,3 Byron C Calhoun41Institute of Molecular Epidemiology (MELISA, Center of Embryonic Medicine and Maternal Health, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Concepción, Chile; 2Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile; 3Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla UPAEP, Puebla, México; 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West Virginia University, Charleston, WV, USAAbstract: In countries where induced abortion is legally restricted, as in most of Latin America, evaluation of statistics related to induced abortions and abortion-related mortality is challenging. The present article reexamines recent reports estimating the number of induced abortions and abortion-related mortality in Mexico, with special reference to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD. We found significant overestimations of abortion figures in the Federal District of Mexico (up to 10-fold, where elective abortion has been legal since 2007. Significant overestimation of maternal and abortion-related mortality during the last 20 years in the entire Mexican country (up to 35% was also found. Such overestimations are most likely due to the use of incomplete in-hospital records as well as subjective opinion surveys regarding induced abortion figures, and due to the consideration of causes of death that are unrelated to induced abortion, including flawed denominators of live births. Contrary to previous publications, we found important progress in maternal health, reflected by the decrease in overall maternal mortality (30.6% from 1990 to 2010. The use of specific ICD codes revealed that the mortality ratio associated with induced abortion decreased 22.9% between 2002 and 2008 (from 1.48 to 1.14 deaths per 100,000 live births. Currently, approximately 98% of maternal deaths in Mexico are related to causes other than

  11. Abortion in a just society.

    Hunt, M E


    A female Catholic theologian imagines a just society that does not judge women who decide to undergo an abortion. The Church, practitioners, and the courts must trust that women do make person-enhancing choices about the quality of life. In the last 15 years most progress in securing a woman's right to abortion has been limited to white, well-educated, and middle or upper middle class women. A just society would consider reproductive options a human right. Abortion providers are examples of a move to a just society; they are committed to women's well-being. There are some facts that make one pessimistic about achieving abortion in a just society. The US Supreme Court plans to review important decisions establishing abortion as a civil right. Further, some men insist on suing women who want to make their own reproductive decisions--an anti-choice tactic to wear away women's right to reproductive choice. Bombings of abortion clinics and harassment campaigns by anti-choice groups are common. These behaviors strain pro-choice proponents emotionally, psychically, and spiritually. Their tactics often lead to theologians practicing self-censorship because they fear backlash. Abortion providers also do this. Further, the reaction to AIDS is that sex is bad. Anti-abortion groups use AIDS to further their campaigns, claiming that AIDS is a punishment for sex. Strategies working towards abortion in a just society should be education and persuasion of policymakers and citizens about women's right to choose, since they are the ones most affected by abortion. Moreover, only women can secure their rights to abortion. In a just society, every health maintenance organization, insurance company, and group practice would consider abortion a normal service. A just society provides for the survival needs of the most marginalized.

  12. [The decision to abort: the process and feelings involved].

    Costa, R G; Hardy, E; Osis, M J; Faúndes, A


    In Brazil, induced abortion is considered a crime in the majority of cases, the result being that there is little official data on the subject. Little is known about the conditions under which abortions are induced This research was designed to shed light on the characteristics of the women who had had an abortion and to study the reasons why and conditions under which it occurred. The sample consisted of all employees (7,359) and students (2,231) in a university program in S o Paulo who were mailed a self-administered survey. Accompanying the questionnaire was a letter and self-addressed stamped envelope. 27% of the employees and 42% of the students returned the questionnaires. Of these, 1,314 employees and 138 students had had at least one pregnancy. The results presented in this study show that 465 of the employees and students ar some point had thought of having an abortion. They were divided into two groups: those who had had an abortion and those who had nos. The objective was to analyze the association of some characteristics of the women with their decision to have/not have an abortion and how they felt when faced with this decision. The proportion of women who had had an abortion was significantly lower among married women than singles. A larger percentage of women who had talked with a friend and/or husband/partner/boyfriend had decided to have an abortion than those who had talked to a parent or had not talked to anyone. More women who said they were not prepared to raise/educate a child had had an abortion as compared to those giving other reasons. Almost half of the women undergoing an abortion said that they felt bad emotionally and physically afterwards. Among those who had not had an abortion, almost two-fifths reported that they felt good, were happy, relieved, and did not regret their decision. The conclusion drawn from the population studied was that emotional and social factors played a significant role in the decision-making process for women

  13. A Shiite perspective toward abortion

    Kiarash Aramesh


    Full Text Available All schools of Islamic jurisprudence regard abortion as wrong and forbidden and allow abortion only before the stage of ensoulment, if the continuation of pregnancy would endanger the mother's life or put her into intolerable difficulties. In this article we describe and assess the viewpoint of Shiite jurisprudence toward abortion. "nUsing a selected collection of related references, and discussion describes with experts, this article the abortion in Shiite jurisprudence."nIn the Shiite jurisprudence, the ensoulment occurs after about 4 months. Before this stage, all Shiite authorities regard abortion as forbidden (Hiram unless if continuing the pregnancy would put the mother's life in real danger or will be intolerable for her. But after that, they regard abortion as Hiram, unless in conditions in which continuing the pregnancy results in dying of both mother and fetus, but abortion will save the life of mother. However, the Shiite authorities have not accepted to legitimate abortion in unwanted pregnancies and even in pregnancies resulted from adultery (Zina or rape."nThe debate over abortion is still controversial as ever. There are some important and notable related Fatwas that make jurisprudical basis for some new and problem solving legal acts, showing the inherent and valuable flexibility of the Shiite jurisprudence in dealing with such important issues. Some related issues, such as the priority of saving the life of mother after ensoulment can be referred to jurisprudical authorities for more assessment.

  14. 米非司酮配伍米索前列醇终止中期妊娠的观察和护理%Observation and nursing caring of mifepristone combining with misoprostol for induced abortion in mid-pregnancy

    梁文君; 李鑫鑫


    Objective To generalize the importance of observation and nursing caring of mifepristone combining with misoprostol for induced abortion in 12~16 weeks gestation. Methods Sixty- seven pregnant women who required to terminate 12~16 weeks' pregnancy were selected. Drugs for inducing labor were administrated under correct introduction. Drug reactions, birth process, uterine contractions and vaginal bleeding situation were closely observed after medication.Result Induced labor was all successful in sixty - seven pregnant women after labor induction treatment of Mifepristone Combining with Misoprostol. Conclusions Correct medication should be administrated to pregnant women receiving mifepristone combining with misoprostol for induced abortion in 12~ 16 weeks. Stage of labor, psychological nursing, basic nursing and therapeutic effect observation should be closely observed during the treatment. Infections should be prevented. Good service and guidance are important to patients who have an abortion when they discharge from hospital.%目的 总结米非司酮配伍米索前列醇在终止12~16周妊娠孕产妇治疗中的观察和护理的重要性.方法 选择67例妊娠12~16周要求终止妊娠的孕产妇,给予正确指导使用引产药,密切观察用药后的药物反应,严密观察产程进展,子宫收缩和阴道流血情况.结果 67例孕产妇,经使用米非司酮配伍米索前列醇引产治疗后,均能顺利引产.结论 米非司酮配伍米索前列醇在终止12~16周妊娠孕产妇的使用中,一定要正确指导用药,严密观察产程,加强心理护理、基础护理和疗效观察、控制感染、认真做好出院指导,为患者提供周到的服务,是中孕引产得以成功的关键.

  15. The Impact of Legalized Abortion on Crime


    We offer evidence that legalized abortion has contributed significantly to recent crime reductions. Crime began to fall roughly 18 years after abortion legalization. The 5 states that allowed abortion in 1970 experienced declines earlier than the rest of the nation, which legalized in 1973 with Roe v. Wade. States with high abortion rates in the 1970s and 1980s experienced greater crime reductions in the 1990s. In high abortion states, only arrests of those born after abortion legaliz...

  16. Comparative observation of primiparae undergone drug-induced abortion or artificial abortion on subsequent pregnancy%初产妇药物流产与人工流产术后对再妊娠影响的对比观察

    丘东海; 叶娉婷


    目的:比较初产妇药物流产后和人工流产术后对再妊娠的影响,为选择合适、安全的流产方式提供临床参考.方法:采用回顾性调查方法对135例有人工流产术史、126例有药物流产史及130例无流产史的初产妇进行比较,观察其妊娠期和分娩期并发症的发生情况以及妊娠结局.结果:妊娠期人流组先兆流产发生率明显高于药流组和无流产组,差异有统计学意义(χ2=14.993,P0.05).分娩期人流组产后出血、胎盘粘连和胎盘残留的发生率明显高于药流组和无流产组,χ2分别为22.146、12.211、9.387,P值均0.05).结论:初产妇药物流产后对再次妊娠影响小于人工流产术后,可考虑作为临床终止早孕的首先选择.%Objective :To observe the efforts of drug-induced aboition or aitifirial aboition for primiparous women on their subsequent pregnancies for cliniral evidence to determine a safe and adequate means for termination of pregnancy. Methods: Retrospective comparative study was performed in 135 primiparae undergone artificial aboition, 126 with drug-induced aboition history and 130 primiparity without aboition to examine outcomes of subsequent pregnancy and complications associated with gestation and delivery. Results : Higher incidence of threatened aboition during the gestation period was found in women undergone artificial aboition as compared with those with drug-induced aboition or without aboition history. The difference was significant ( x2 = 14. 993 , P 0. 05 ). Similarly, Mothers with a history of artificial aboition had significantly higher incidence of postpaitum hemorrhage, placenta! adherence and residual placenta in labor than those experienced drug-induced aboition or no aboition ( x2 - 22. 146, x2 -12.211, x2 - 9. 387 , respectively ,P 0. 05 ). Conclusion-. Ding-induced aboition for prhnigravidas seem to produce less effects on their subsequent pregnancies than artificial intervention, and may be recommended as

  17. 综合性心理干预对缓解流动人口妇女人工流产术疼痛的研究%Effect of comprehensive psychological intervention in relieving pain in floating women underwent induced abortion



    Objective To explore the effect of comprehensive psychological intervention on painrelieving and comfort-enhancing in floating women who underwent induced abortion operation.Methods A total of 160 floating women who underwent induced abortion were randomly divided into observation group and control group.In observation group,comprehensive psychological intervention was conducted,including preoperative health education,relaxation exercise,music intervention and postoperative nursing care in semi-Fowler' s position; while in control group,the routine procedure of postoperative nursing care in horizontal position was performed.The levels of pain and comfort of two groups were compared.Results There was significant difference in pain-relieving between two groups (P < 0.05).In terms of comfort,the physiological and psychological dimensions in observation group were significantly better than those in control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion Comprehensive psychological intervention can relieve floating women' s pain and enhance their comfort while undergoing induced abortion operation.%目的 探讨在流动人口妇女进行人工.流产术时,应用综合性心理干预缓解疼痛与提高舒适度的效果研究.方法 选择160例接受人工流产术的流动人口患者,随机分为观察组和对照组,观察组采用综合性心理干预(包括术前健康教育、放松训练,全程音乐干预与术后给予半卧位护理),对照组采用常规护理(术后给予平卧位护理),比较两组间疼痛水平与舒适度的差异.结果 两组间缓解疼痛程度比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),观察组的生理维度与心理精神维度均优于对照组,两组舒适度维度比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 在流动人口妇女进行人工流产术时,采取综合性心理干预能有效缓解疼痛,提高舒适度.

  18. Unsafe abortion in rural Tanzania

    Rasch, Vibeke; Sørensen, Pernille H; Wang, Anna R;


    BackgroundThe circumstances under which women obtain unsafe abortion vary and depend on the traditional methods known and the type of providers present. In rural Tanzania women often resort to traditional providers who use plant species as abortion remedies. Little is known about how these plants...

  19. Abortion, Birthright and the Counselor.

    Fadale, Vincent E.; And Others

    This transcript is the result of panel presentation given on the implications of liberalized abortion laws for counselors. A new law which went into effect in July, 1970, in New York State presented women with the option of obtaining a legal abortion up to the 24th week of pregnancy. Counselors in New York State were, therefore, presented with new…

  20. Abortion Information: A Guidance Viewpoint

    Wolleat, Patricia L.


    A number of questions relating to providing abortion information to teenagers can be raised from legal, ethical and philosophical standpoints. The purpose of this article is to examine abortion information-giving from the perspective of counseling and guidance theory and practice. (Author)

  1. Association between history of abortion and metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and elderly Chinese women.

    Xu, Baihui; Zhang, Jie; Xu, Yu; Lu, Jieli; Xu, Min; Chen, Yuhong; Bi, Yufang; Ning, Guang


    Epidemiologic studies have suggested that abortion may cause long term health consequences such as cardiovascular disease. Until recently, studies focusing on the association between history of abortion and metabolic diseases were limited. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the association between history of abortion and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in middle-aged and elderly Chinese women. A cross-sectional survey was performed in 6302 women (age ≥ 40 years) in Shanghai. Standardized questionnaire was used to obtain the information about reproductive histories. Overall, we observed a positive association between history of induced abortion and the prevalence of MetS, independent of potential confounding factors. A multivariable-adjusted logistic regression analysis revealed that compared to those without a history of induced abortion, women with a history of induced abortion remained at 1.25 times more likely to have MetS (OR = 1.25, 95% CI = 1.06-1.47, P abortion and the prevalence of MetS was observed. Compared to those without a history of spontaneous abortion, the multivariate-adjusted odds ratio associated with a history of spontaneous abortion for MetS was 0.88 (95% CI = 0.65-1.19, P > 0.05).

  2. Analysis on clinical effect of B ultrasound monitoring and oral mifepristone administration in prevention of complication of induced abortion%B超监测结合口服米非司酮预防人工流产并发症的临床作用分析

    王志宏; 杜金凯; 周自秀; 冯佩明


    目的 观察B超监测和术后口服米非司酮对降低人流不全发生的影响,探讨一种有效的预防人流不全的方法.方法 要求终止妊娠早孕妇女807例,接人工流产术是否与B超监测结合随机分为两个大组,每个大组分别按术后是否口服米非司酮,随机分成两个亚组,比较各组人流不全发生情况及术后阴道出血天数变化.结果 在人流不全方面,B超监测结合口服米非司酮组人流不全发生率为0%,阴道出血(6.7±2.8)d,均显著低于其他3组,差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.05).4组月经恢复时间差异经比较均无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 B超实时监测人工流产术,同时术后服用米非司酮可有效预防人流不全的发生,人流术后服用米非司酮可减少术后阴道出血天数.%OBJECTIVE To probe the effects of B ultrasound monitor and oral mifepristone administration in reducing the prevalence of incomplete abortion after induced abortion, and to seek an effective method to prevent incomplete abortion after artificial abortion. METHODS 807 women who asked for surgical terminate early pregnancy were randomly divided into two groups according to whether B ultrasound monitor was used, two sub-groups were divided according to whether oral mifepristone administration was used after operation. The incidence of incomplete abortion and the vaginal bleeding time of each group were investigated. RESULTS Patients with incomplete abortion in B ultrasonic monitoring combining with oral mifepristone group was 0%, with vaginal bleeding 6.7 ±2.8 d, which were significantly lower than the other three groups. The difference was significant (P 0.05). CONCLUSION Incomplete abortion after artificial abortion can be effectively prevented by real-time B ultrasound monitor during operation and o-ral mifepnstone administration. Oral mifepristone can decrease the vaginal bleeding time after induced abortion.

  3. Teenage pregnancies and abortion.

    Morgenthau, J E


    The issue of abortion, except when it is rendered moot because the fetus endangers the life of the mother, is not really a medical issue. The physician's role is to help patients achieve and maintain their maximum potential for physical, mental, and social well-being. To accomplish this, the physician must acquire a constantly evolving database of scientific knowledge, must evaluate this information in a critical and ethical manner, and must be prepared to apply what is learned. In the realm of applied ethics, no particular religion, profession, culture, class, or sex should be thought of as having all the answers in the realm of applied ethics. This physician's actions are predicated on the belief that, to a large extent, ethical precepts reflect the broader social and economic issues of the period in which they are articulated. If this is the case, then in today's world the population explosion, the postindustrial society, the women's rights movement, inequality of access, and the ability to perform prenatal diagnosis are all factors which have molded the approach to the issue of abortion. Only the last 3 of these can in any way be considered as medical. When considering the role of a physician in dealing with the issue of abortion in the adolescent, this individual relies on the concept articulated by the World Health Association (WHA): promoting the physical, emotional, and social well-being of one's patients. Each year in the US over 1 million 15-19 year olds become pregnant, resulting in over 600,000 births. Most of these pregnancies are unintentional, yet approximately 90% of the infants are kept in the home by mothers who are ill prepared to be parents. What is most disturbing is that the pregnancy rate for the younger mother, 16 years or under, is accounting for an ever increasing percentage of the total. Studies at the Adolescent Health Center of the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City as well as national studies suggest that the younger teens are more

  4. Reducing abortion: the Danish experience.

    Risor, H


    In 1987, 20,830 legal abortions were performed in Denmark. 2,845 involved women below the age of 20, and 532 involved women terminating pregnancy after the 12th week. Danish law permits all of its female citizens to have an abortion free-of-charge before the 12th week of pregnancy. After the 12th week, the abortion must be applied for through a committee of 3 members, and all counties in Denmark have a committee. It is felt in Denmark that a woman has a right to an abortion if she decides to have one. It she makes that choice, doctors and nurses are supportive. Since 1970, sex education has been mandatory in Danish schools. Teachers often collaborate closely with school doctors and nurses in this education. All counties are required to have at least 1 clinic that provides contraceptive counselling. It was recently found that the lowest number of pregnancies among teenaged girls was found in a county in Jutland where all 9th grade students visit the county clinic to learn about contraceptives, pregnancy, and abortion. Within 1 year after Copenhagen had adopted this practice, the number of abortions among teenagers declined by 20%. One fourth of all pharmacies also collaborate with schools to promote sex education, instructing students about contraceptives and pregnancy tests. The Danish Family Planning Association has produced a film on abortion, and plans to produce videos on abortion for use in schools. The organization also holds training programs for health care personnel on contraception, pregnancy, and abortion. By means of the practices described above, it is hoped that the number of abortions and unwanted pregnancies in Denmark will be reduced.

  5. 口服短效避孕药对人工流产术后的影响%Effect of Oral Short Acting Contraceptives on Induced Abortion



    Objective To study the effect of immediate application of a short-acting oral contraceptive after abortion. Methods Women were randomly divided into observation group and control group, these cases of observation group immediately took a short-acting oral contraceptives and antibiotics to prevent infection after the abortion. These cases of control group were given antibiotics to prevent infection only.Results The vaginal bleeding time, blood loss, postoperative period after tide time, cervical spondylitis, pelvic inlfammatory disease, and again pregnancy in three months of cases of observation group were signiifcantly better than the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion The time of vaginal bleeding, postoperative vaginal bleeding volume and postoperative complications were shorten because of immediate application short-acting oral contraceptives, and the reliable contraceptive can reduce the repetition rate of artiifcial abortion.%目的:探讨人工流产术后即刻口服短效避孕药的影响。方法将在我院行人工流产妇女随机分为观察组和对照组,观察组人工流产后即给予妈富隆及抗生素预防感染治疗,对照组只给予抗生素预防感染治疗。结果观察组人工流产术后阴道出血时间、出血量、月经复潮时间、宫颈粘连、盆腔炎性疾病及3个月内再次妊娠均优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论行人工流产术后,即刻口服妈富隆可以缩短患者阴道流血时间、减少术后阴道流血量及术后并发症的发生,而且避孕效果可靠,减少重复人工流产率。

  6. Motivos e circunstâncias para o aborto induzido entre mulheres vivendo com HIV no Brasil Motives and circumstances surrounding induced abortion among women living with HIV in Brazil

    Wilza Vieira Villela


    Full Text Available O impacto da infecção pelo HIV/Aids na decisão de interromper uma gravidez entre mulheres vivendo com HIV/Aids é ainda um tema pouco estudado. Visando entender como a infecção pelo HIV/Aids interfere na prática do aborto foi realizado estudo qualitativo em sete municípios brasileiros com mulheres portadoras desse vírus que haviam induzido um aborto em algum momento da vida. Este trabalho apresenta a análise das entrevistas de 30 mulheres que engravidaram após o diagnóstico. Os resultados mostram que para algumas a infecção foi o principal motivo de interrupção da gravidez, enquanto que para outras estiveram referidos a outras circunstâncias da vida. A decisão de abortar após o diagnóstico da infecção pelo HIV não é igual para todas as mulheres, e é influenciada pelo momento do diagnóstico e os demais aspectos da vida, como a relação com o parceiro, a inserção de trabalho e o suporte familiar. Os resultados sugerem a necessidade de atenção dos serviços de saúde quanto às decisões reprodutivas das mulheres vivendo com HIV/Aids; de incorporação dos homens nas ações preventivas de saúde sexual e reprodutiva e do aprofundamento da discussão sobre a ilegalidade do aborto no país e suas danosas consequências para mulheres, homens e crianças.The impact of HIV/AIDS infection on the decision of women living with HIV/AIDS to interrupt a pregnancy remains an understudied topic. In an effort to understand the influence of HIV/AIDS diagnosis on abortion practices, a qualitative study was carried out in seven Brazilian municipalities with women living with HIV/AIDS who reported inducing an abortion at some point in their lives. This study presents the analysis of interviews with thirty women who became pregnant after diagnosis. The results show that for some women, infection was the primary motive for terminating their pregnancy, while for others, the motives for abortion were predominantly related to life

  7. 复方短效口服避孕药在人工流产后的应用价值%Application of compound short-acting oral contraceptives after induced abortion

    王文蓉; 虞丰; 华金凤


    Objective: To explore the clinical effectiveness of Marvelon, a compound short - acting oral contraceptive, in reducing the amount and duration of vaginal bleeding, and recovery of menstruation. Methods: A total of 240 women seeking for induced abortion were randomly assigned into two groups: 120 in treatment group were given Marvelon, an antibiotic and motherwort cream; 120 in control group were treated only with an antibiotic and motherwort cream. Results: There was significant difference between the two groups with respect to the amount and duration of vaginal bleeding ( P < 0.05 ). More women experienced recovery of menstruation in treatment group (P < 0.01 ). Conclusion: Besides contraception, administration of Marvelon after induced abortion can significantly reduce the amount and duration of vaginal bleeding, and promote the recovery of menstruation.%目的:探讨人工流产后应用复方短效口服避孕药-妈富隆的临床价值.方法:将240例人工流产者随机分成两组,观察组(120例)于人工流产后服用妈富隆、抗生素及益母膏,对照组(120例)仅服用抗生素及益母膏.结果:观察组术后出血量及出血时间低于对照组(P<0.05),术后月经复潮比例高于对照组(P<0.01).结论:人工流产后应用复方短效口服避孕药妈富隆除避孕外,还能明显缩短出血时间,减少出血量,促进月经恢复.

  8. Scandinavian women's experiences in connection with "abortion on request": a systematic review protocol

    Petersen, Mille Nyboe; Fandt Hansen, Christl


    The objective of this review is to investigate Scandinavian women’s experiences in connection with "abortion on request”. Types of participants: This review will consider studies that include adult women from age 18 living in (but not necessarily legal citizens of) Scandinavia, defined as Denmark...... and after the intervention - an abortion on request and in investigating possible and self-reported psychosocial or psychological health consequences following the abortion. Types of context: This review will focus on Scandinavian women who have had a legal abortion on request in a Scandinavian hospital......, Sweden and Norway, who have experienced an induced (medical or surgical) abortion without a medical reason, described here as an “abortion on request”. Phenomena of interest: The objective of this review is to investigate Scandinavian women’s experiences in connection with – meaning before, during...

  9. 中国五城市流动育龄妇女人工流产风险因素研究%Study on the risk factors of induced abortion among floating women of childbearing age in 5 cities of China

    郭超; 刘鸿雁; 裴晓东; 裴丽君


    目的 了解流动育龄妇女人工流产现状及危险因素,为有针对性的改善流动育龄妇女人工流产服务及利用提供借鉴.方法 利用2005年中国5城市流动人口生殖健康调查数据,对4687例流动育龄妇女的人口学特征、外出工作生活特征和避孕情况进行描述分析,采用多因素logistic回归模型分析人口学特征、外出工作生活特征和避孕情况与流动育龄妇女人工流产风险暴露的关联.结果 <30岁和30~ 39岁年龄组人工流产发生风险分别是40 ~ 49岁组的2.21倍(95%CI:1.47-334)和2.38倍(95%CI:1.53~3.70);受教育程度越高,其发生人工流产的风险越高,小学、初中、高中/中专及以上的流动育龄妇女发生人工流产的风险分别是未上学者的2.15倍(95%CI:1.15~4.03)、2.47倍(95%CI:1.33~4.57)、2.61倍(95%CI:1.34 ~ 5.11).流入地打工年数在2~4年及≥5年组人工流产发生风险分别是<2年组的2.62倍(95%CI:1.83~3.76)和7.78倍(95%CI:5.63~10.75);流动育龄妇女与配偶共同居住的人工流产风险是不与配偶共同居住者的1.49倍(95%CI:1.05~2.11);从事家政保洁业、餐饮娱乐业和批发零售业者人工流产风险分别是从事办公室文员的5.82倍(95%CI:1.73~19.59)、5.07倍(95%CI:1.59~ 16.18)和4.37倍(95%CI:1.37 ~ 13.92).结论 流动育龄妇女的人口学特征、外出工作生活特征等均可增加人工流产风险,应有针对性开展对流动育龄妇女健康教育.%Objective To understand the status of abortion and risk factors among floating women of childbearing age and to provide reference for further improvement of induced abortion services in this population.Methods Data on demography,working,and living conditions as well as the use of contraceptive among 4687 persons from a reproductive health survey regarding floating population in five cities in 2005,were involved,while multivariate logistic regression model was used

  10. Republic of Ireland: abortion controversy.


    The problems associated with illegal abortion dominate public discussion in Ireland. While abortion is illegal in Ireland, the Supreme Court directed in 1992 that Irish women can go to Britain for abortions when their lives are thought to be at risk. Abortion was a constant feature during the Irish Presidential election campaign in October, while a dispute about the future of a 13-year-old girl's pregnancy dominated the headlines in November. The presidential election on October 30 resulted in a victory for one of the two openly anti-choice candidates, Mary McAleese, a lawyer from Northern Ireland. With a voter turnout of 47.6%, McAleese polled 45.2% of the votes cast. Although the president may refuse to sign bills which have been passed by parliament, McAleese has said that she will sign whatever bill is placed before her, even if it liberalizes abortion law in the republic. As for the case of the 13-year-old pregnant girl, she was taken into the care of Irish health authority officials once the case was reported to the police. However, the health board, as a state agency, is prevented by Irish law from helping anyone travel abroad for abortion. The girl was eventually given leave in a judgement by a High Court Judicial Review on November 28 to travel to England for an abortion.

  11. 28 CFR 551.23 - Abortion.


    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Abortion. 551.23 Section 551.23 Judicial..., Pregnancy, Child Placement, and Abortion § 551.23 Abortion. (a) The inmate has the responsibility to decide either to have an abortion or to bear the child. (b) The Warden shall offer to provide each...

  12. 益母草碱对药物流产后大鼠子宫的作用研究%Effects of leonurine on uterus induced by drug-abortion in rats

    李霞; 陈飞虎; 袁凤来; 陆伟国; 吴繁荣; 张燕娜; 李晓祥


    目的:研究益母草碱(leonurine)对药物流产后大鼠子宫的作用.方法:采用早孕大鼠灌服米非司酮(8.3 mg/kg)和米索前列醇(100μg/kg)造成不完全流产大鼠模型,观察益母草碱对该模型的出血量、出血时间及子宫形态的影响.用光镜观察子宫内蜕膜、绒毛的残留情况,用放免法检测血清雌二醇(E_2)、孕酮(P)水平,用BL-420E生物技能实验系统和JH-2型肌张力传感器记录大鼠离体子宫平滑肌的收缩活动.结果:益母草碱能减少子宫出血量(P<0.05),缩短出血时间(P<0.01),明显减少宫内滞留物,增强子宫收缩活动;益母草碱组血清E_2水平显著高于模型组(P<0.01).结论:益母草碱能明显抑制药物流产后大鼠子宫出血,其作用可能与血清E_2水平的显著提高及子宫收缩活动的增强有关.%AIM: To study the effects of leonurine on uterus induced by drug abortion in rats. METHODS : Early pregnancy rats were intragastrically (I. G. ) administrated with mifepristone(8.3 mg/kg) and miso-prostol(100 μg/kg) to induce incomplete abortion model . The changes of uterine bleeding amount and time, its morphous were observed in incomplete abortion model rats. The residues of decidual membranes and chorionic villus were observed with light microscope. The levels of estradiol ( E_2 ) and progesterone in blood serum were detected by radioimmunoassay ( RIA) , the contraction activity of rat uterine smooth muscle by BL-420E biological function of the experimental system and JH-2 muscular tension sensor. RESULTS: Compared with model group, leonurine markedly reduced the uterine bleeding amount and time, the intrauterine residues were reduced significantly and the contraction activity of rat uterine smooth muscles was strengthened obviously, the level of E_2 in serum was higher (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Leonurine has an obvious depressant effect on uterus haemorrhage induced by drug-abortion, which could result from the enhancement of

  13. [Umberto Eco and abortion].


    The Cardinal of Milan and the linguist and writer Umberto Eco maintained a correspondence in the mid-1990s in connection with the Italian magazine ¿Liberal¿. One of the issues discussed was the conflict between belief in the value of human life and existing abortion legislation. Umberto Eco stated that he would do all in his power to dissuade a woman pregnant with his child from having an abortion, regardless of the personal cost to the parents, because the birth of a child is a miracle. He would not, however, feel capable of imposing his ethical position on anyone else. Terrible moments occur in which women have a right to make autonomous decisions concerning their bodies, their feelings, their futures. Those who disagree cite the right to life, a rather vague concept about which even atheists can be enthusiastic. The moment at which a new human being is formed has been brought to the center of Catholic theology, despite its uncertainty; the beginning of a new life may always need to be understood as a process whose end result is the newborn. Only the mother should decide at what moment the process may be interrupted. The cardinal¿s response distinguished between psychic and physical life, on the one hand, and life participating in the life of God on the other. The threshold is the moment of conception, reflecting a continuity of identity. The new being is worthy of respect. Any violation of the affection and care owed to the being can only be experienced as a profound suffering and painful laceration that may never heal. The response of Eco is unknown.

  14. Unsafe abortion in urban and rural Tanzania: method, provider and consequences

    Rasch, Vibeke; Kipingili, Rose


    OBJECTIVE: To describe unsafe abortion methods and associated health consequences in Tanzania, where induced abortion is restricted by law but common and known to account for a disproportionate share of hospital admissions. METHOD: Cross-sectional study of women admitted with alleged miscarriage:...

  15. 人工流产妇女紧急避孕药使用现状及存在的问题调查%Survey on use of emergency contraceptive pills among women seeking induced abortion

    林素玲; 曾光; 车焱; 戴力辉


    目的:了解人工流产妇女紧急避孕药使用现状,分析推广和使用过程中存在的问题及原因.方法:在北京市两所三级甲等医院随机选择人工流产妇女进行问卷调查,并对部分对象深入访谈.结果:共调查403名,紧急避孕药知晓率达94.8%,62.5%的对象曾经用过紧急避孕药,但错误使用率达23.4%.紧急避孕药的使用与调查对象的教育程度、避孕和流产史以及性观念有关.结论:人工流产人群对紧急避孕药认识不足与错误认识现象并存,对紧急避孕药存在滥用情况,需通过有效手段及时纠正.%Objective: To investigate the knowledge and use of emergency contraceptive pills ( ECPs) among women who sought induced abortion service. Methods: The study was conducted at two Three - tertiary Hospitals in Beijing. Women who sought abortion service at the study sites during June and August 2009 were randomly invited to answer a self - responded questionnaire. Of them, 20 were invited to participate in in - depth interviews. Results: A total of 403 women answered the questionnaire. About 94.8% of them knew ECPs and 62.5% of them ever used. However, incorrect use accounted for about 23.4% of all users. The use of ECPs was associated with women's age, educational level, history of contraception and abortion , and perception on sexuality. Conclusion; Incomplete and incorrect awareness on ECPs is common among women with unwanted pregnancy. Therefore, the misuse of ECPs should be corrected.

  16. The Development of Instruments to Measure Attitudes toward Abortion and Knowledge of Abortion

    Snegroff, Stanley


    This study developed an abortion attitude scale and abortion knowledge inventory that may be utilized by health educators, counselors, and researchers for assessing attitudes toward abortion and knowledge about it. (SK)

  17. Elevated mRNA expression of PGF2alpha receptor splice variant 2(FP-V2) in human decidua is associated with incomplete mifepristone-misoprostol-induced early medical abortion by regulation of interleukin-8.

    Ma, C.; Feng, W.; Han, W.; Lu, Y.; Liu, W.; Sui, Y.; Zhao, N.; Lye, S.J.; Li, J.


    OBJECTIVE: The combination of mifepristone and misoprostol is an established method for the induction of early abortion, but 15% of women still experience the unpleasant side effect of incomplete medical abortion. The purpose of this study was to determine whether prostaglandin (PG) F2alpha receptor

  18. 预测无痛人工流产术中发生体动反应的多因素logistic回归分析%Predicting body movement during induced abortion with intravenous anesthesia by multivariate logistic analysis

    姜黎珊; 张冯江; 马雷雷; 孙凯; 严敏


    Objective To investigate the role of the perfusion index (PI) in predicting body movement during indolent induced abortion with intravenous anesthesia by multivariate logistic analysis.Methods 68 early pregnancy women,ASA I,aged 20 y-30 y,weighed 45 kg-60 kg,were subjected to indolent induced abortion with 1.8 mg/kg propofol and 0.5 mg/kg ketamine in this study and allocated into moving group and non-moving group based on whether body movement responses occurred during the surgical procedures.The PI,bispectral index (BIS),HR,SpO2 and blood pressure were monitored before induction of anesthesia (T1) and 3 min after induction (T2).Results 32.8% of the pregnant women took place body movement during the procedures.There were no significant difference between two groups in age,weight,gestational weeks,the history of induced abortion or labor,BIS index,blood pressure and HR at T1 and T2 (P>0.05).Compared with non-moving group,the pregnant women in moving group showed lower PI at T1 and T2 (0.39±0.16,0.99±0.40) and the ratio of PI at T2/T1 [PI (T2/T1)] (2.91± 1.41 ) (P<0.05).Logistic analysis showed that PI at T2 and PI (T2/Tt) were independent factors for predicting body movement during the induced abortion.According to the analysis of receivers operating characteristic curve,using Pt at T2 and PI (T2/T1) for predicting body movement,the areas under curves(AUC) were respectively 0.897 and 0.857.Conclusions Measurement of PI is helpful for monitoring anesthesia,and PI at T2 as well PI(T2/T1) might be effective in predicting body movement during the induced abortion.%目的 通过对无痛人工流产术中体动反应进行多因素的回归分析,探讨灌注指数在静脉麻醉中预测体动反应的作用.方法 68例美国麻醉医师协会(ASA)分级Ⅰ级、年龄20岁~30岁、体重45 kg~60 kg接受无痛人工流产术的孕妇,麻醉给予异丙酚1.8 mg/kg和氯胺酮0.5 mg/kg静脉注射,患者安静3 min后的测量值(T1)

  19. Costs and consequences of abortions to women and their households: a cross-sectional study in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

    Ilboudo, Patrick G C; Greco, Giulia; Sundby, Johanne; Torsvik, Gaute


    Little is known about the costs and consequences of abortions to women and their households. Our aim was to study both costs and consequences of induced and spontaneous abortions and complications. We carried out a cross-sectional study between February and September 2012 in Ouagadougou, the capital city of Burkina Faso. Quantitative data of 305 women whose pregnancy ended with either an induced or a spontaneous abortion were prospectively collected on sociodemographic, asset ownership, medical and health expenditures including pre-referral costs following the patient's perspective. Descriptive analysis and regression analysis of costs were performed. We found that women with induced abortion were often single or never married, younger, more educated and had earlier pregnancies than women with spontaneous abortion. They also tended to be more often under parents' guardianship compared with women with spontaneous abortion. Women with induced abortion paid much more money to obtain abortion and treatment of the resulting complications compared with women with spontaneous abortion: US$89 (44 252 CFA ie franc of the African Financial Community) vs US$56 (27 668 CFA). The results also suggested that payments associated with induced abortion were catastrophic as they consumed 15% of the gross domestic product per capita. Additionally, 11-16% of total households appeared to have resorted to coping strategies in order to face costs. Both induced and spontaneous abortions may incur high expenses with short-term economic repercussions on households' poverty. Actions are needed in order to reduce the financial burden of abortion costs and promote an effective use of contraceptives.

  20. Virtue theory and abortion.

    Hursthouse, Rosalind


    The sort of ethical theory derived from Aristotle, variously described as virtue ethics, virtue-based ethics, or neo-Aristotelianism, is becoming better known, and is now quite widely recognized as at least a possible rival to deontological and utilitarian theories. With recognition has come criticism, of varying quality. In this article I shall discuss nine separate criticisms that I have frequently encountered, most of which seem to me to betray an inadequate grasp either of the structure of virtue theory or of what would be involved in thinking about a real moral issue in its terms. In the first half I aim particularly to secure an understanding that will reveal that many of these criticisms are simply misplaced, and to articulate what I take to be the major criticism of virtue theory. I reject this criticism, but do not claim that it is necessarily misplaced. In the second half I aim to deepen that understanding and highlight the issues raised by the criticisms by illustrating what the theory looks like when it is applied to a particular issue, in this case, abortion.

  1. Application of Tramadol combined with Diazepam in induced abortion of scar uterine pregnancy%曲马多配伍安定在瘢痕子宫妊娠引产中的应用



    目的:探讨曲马多配伍安定在瘢痕子宫妊娠引产中镇痛及缩短产程的作用。方法选择2009~2011年自愿要求终止妊娠的瘢痕子宫患者112例,采用完全随机分组方法,分为观察组和对照组各56例,观察组引产中给予安定10 mg,盐酸曲马多100 mg,对照组引产中不另给药。观察两组产程时间和镇痛效果。结果观察组产程时间、镇痛效果均优于对照组( P<0.05)。结论瘢痕子宫引产中使用曲马多配伍安定,能缩短产程,减轻患者疼痛,适合基层医院应用推广。%Objective To study the clinical effect of Tramadol combined with Diazepam used in induced abortiontorelievepainanddecurtatelabourprocessofscaruterinepregnancy.Methods 112patientstreatedwith induced abortion and scar uterine pregnancy who voluntarily requested to terminate pregnancy from 2009 to 2011 were chosen, all cases were randomly divided into observation group and control group with 56 cases in each group . Observation group were treated with Diazepam 10mg, Tramadol 100 mg.Control group were with no other drugs .The birth process time and analgesia effect of two groups were observed .Results The birth process time and analgesia effect of observation group were better than control group ( P <0.05 ) .Conclusion Tramadol combined with Diazepam in induced abortion of scar uterine pregnancy can shorten the birth process , reduce the patients'pain which is suitable for application in primary hospitals .

  2. Polish parliament liberalizes abortion law.


    On October 24, the Sejm (Poland's lower house of parliament) voted 228 to 195 (with 16 abstentions) to amend Poland's March 1993 ban on abortions. The amendment legalizes abortion until the 12th week of pregnancy for women who face financial hardship or difficult personal circumstances. Client counseling by a doctor who will not perform the abortion and a 3-day wait are required. Abortions will be permitted in licensed private clinics, as well as in public hospitals. Anyone performing an illegal abortion can receive 2 years' imprisonment. The government will subsidize contraceptive pills, and a sex education curriculum will be developed for schools. Abortion had been legal and widely available under communist rule; however, a Catholic-aligned government limited abortion to cases where a woman's life or health was endangered, where the pregnancy resulted from rape or incest, or where the fetus had a severe anomaly. The Catholic Church opposed the new measure, and the Senat (Poland's upper house), on October 3, had voted 40 to 52 (with 2 abstentions) against the amendment. Although the Sejm had previously voted 208 to 61 (with 15 abstentions) in favor of the amendment, 120 of those opposed to the measure, primarily members of the Polish Peasants Party (part of Poland's ruling coalition), had walked out in protest just before an August tally. The Democratic Left Alliance, the other coalition partner, supports the amendment. The most recent vote in the Sejm overturns the Senat veto; however, before the law can go into effect in 1997, it must be signed by President Aleksandr Kwasniewski (a supporter) after a review by Poland's conservative constitutional tribunal.

  3. 艾箱灸用于无痛人工流产术后恢复的临床效果观察%Application of moxibustion with moxa box in recovery of painless induced abortion

    雷洁莹; 谢小娟


    目的:探讨艾箱灸在无痛人工流产术后恢复的临床疗效.方法:将180例早孕行无痛人工流产术者,随机分为治疗组和对照组各90例,进行前瞻性随机对照研究.治疗组术后30min及第1天分别予艾箱灸关元、中极穴30min;对照组不予艾箱灸,其余治疗方法相同.结果:治疗组术后1h和第1天宫缩痛的VAS(视觉模拟)评分,术后1h和第1天出血量,术后总出血量,出血持续时间,术后腹痛VAS评分和腹痛持续时间均低于对照组(P<0.01).术后首次月经来潮时间及经期腹痛情况均优于对照组(P<0.01).结论:无痛人工流产术后使用艾箱灸能明显减轻术后宫缩痛及腹痛的程度,缩短术后腹痛持续时间及出血时间,减少出血量,促进术后月经周期恢复,减轻经期腹痛,且安全无不良反应,值得临床推广应用.%Objective: To explore the clinical efficacy of moxibustion with moxa box on recovery of painless induced abortion. Methods; A total of 180 early pregnant women seeking for painless induced abortion were equally and randomly divided into the treatment group and the control group. Women in the treatment group were treated with moxibustion with moxa box for 30 minutes on Cuanyuan (RN 4) and Zhongji (RN 3) at half an hour after the operation and on the first postoperative day, while those in the control group received routine treatment without moxibustion with moxa box. Results; Visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of postpartum pain one hour after operation and on the first postoperative day in the treatment group were lower than those in the control group. The amount and the duration of vaginal bleeding in the treatment group were less than those of the control group. And VAS scores of abdominal pain were lower and the duration of abdominal pain were less in the treatment group than those of the control group (P all <0.01). The amount of the first normal menstruation after induced abortion was less and the VAS score of

  4. Design and test of the RHIC CMD10 abort kicker

    Hahn, H. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Blaskiewicz, M. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Drees, A. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Fischer, W. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Mi, J. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Meng, W. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Montag, C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Pai, C. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Sandberg, J. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Tsoupas, N. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Tuozzolo, J. E. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Zhang, W. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)


    In recent RHIC operational runs, planned and unplanned pre-fire triggered beam aborts have been observed that resulted in quenches of SC main ring magnets, indicating a weakened magnet kick strength due to beam-induced ferrite heating. An improvement program was initiated to reduce the longitudinal coupling impedance with changes to the ferrite material and the eddy-current strip geometry. Results of the impedance measurements and of magnet heating tests with CMD10 ferrite up to 190°C are reported. All 10 abort kickers in the tunnel have been modified and were provided with a cooling system for the RUN 15.

  5. Induced abortion before oral misoprostol tablets clinical observation%人流术前口服米索前列醇片的临床观察



      目的在进行人流手术之前给孕妇服用米索前列醇片有助于减轻手术给孕妇带来的痛苦,有效防治出现人工流产综合征。研究术前服用米索前列醇片的临床表现。方法对该院从2011年5月—2012年9月间收治的96例人流手术之前服用米索前列醇片的患者病历进行分析,并与其他38例没有服用米索前列醇片的患者进行对比。结果人流手术前口服米索前列醇片的患者痛苦较小。结论人流术前给予米索前列醉片口服能够有效减轻。%Objective in stream of people operation prior to pregnant women taking misoprostol tablets helps reduce operation to pregnant women suffering, effective control of artificial abortion syndrome.To study the preoperative use of misoprostol tablets clinical manifestation. Methods The hospital from 2011 May to 2012 September were 96 stream of people operation before taking misoprostol tablets in patients with medical records were analyzed, and compared with the other 38 patients not taking misoprostol tablets in patients with contrast. Results Before the operation flow of oral misoprostol tablets in patients with less pain.

  6. Clinical Application on Painless Induced Abortion in Artificial Abortion for Disposable Cervical Dilator Combined with Nitrous Oxide%一次性宫颈扩张棒联合笑气在人工流产术中镇痛的临床应用

    潘伟芳; 韩春艳; 胡铧文


    Objective: To discuss clinical analgesia effect for disposable cervical dilator bar combined with nitrous oxide ( N2O ) in artificial abortion.Methods: 200 cases of artificial abortion women divided into two groups, the observation group 100 cases, preoperative 5 minutes putting disposable cervical dilator bar; the control group of 100 cases, 1 hours before surgery in the posterior fornix placed misoprostol 600 μg, while two groups with intraoperative nitrous oxide inhalation. To observe two groups of intraoperative and postoperative analgesia, dilatation of cervix, nitrous oxide inhalation time, blood pressure and pulse changes before and after operation, the incidence of side effects, treatment time and average per capita 10 days after operation on involution of uterus. Results: Observation group compared with the control group: intraoperative analgesia effective rate was 94% and 96%;After the analgesic efficiency were 96% and 58%; no resistance through 6.5 Hegar cervical dilator were 97% and 81%; nitrous oxide inhalation time were 2.58 and 4.97 minutes, treatment time were 35 minutes and 108 minutes, there were significant differences; Incidence of induced abortion syndrome were lower; observation group without side reactions, while the control group was 13%, 10 days after the operation uterine involution are good. Conclusions: Disposable cervical dilator for Artificial Abortion Anesthesia with nitrous oxide has good analgesic effect, and postoperative can stil continuous analgesia, no influence on involution of uterus, shorten the time limit and nitrous oxide inhalation treatment time, reduce the operation risk, less side reaction, so it is worthy of clinical use.%目的:探讨一次性宫颈扩张棒联合笑气(氧化亚氮)在人工流产术中镇痛的临床效果。方法:将200例实施人工流产术的妇女分成两组,观察组100例,术前5m i n放置一次性宫颈扩张棒;对照组100例,术前1小时于

  7. The observation of clinical effect of Marvelon taken immediately after induced abortion%人工流产术后即时应用妈富隆临床效果观察



    ObjectiveTo observe the clinical effect of Marvelon taken immediately after induced abortion.Methods220 patients inpopulationandfamilyplanningservicestationofGuangzhouHuangpuDistrictwhounderwentinducedabortionwererandomlydivided into two groups, 110 cases in each group, 110 cases in the observation group were taken 1 pill Marvelon immediately after induced abortion each day for 21 days ,and it was taken for a total of three cycles. The comparison group did not take Marvelon. Both groups took norfloxacin capsules to prevent postoperative infection and took motherwort particles to promote uterine involution. In postoperative day the amount of vaginal bleeding began to be recorded. Bleeding time, the next menstrual recovery time, whether the patients were followed up after taking Marvelon in order to inspect the occurance of adverse reactions, presence or absence of amenorrhea, pelvic infection, uterine adhesions and pregnancy again in three months or not, were investigated.ResultsVaginal bleeding amount and bleeding time in the observation group were less than those in the comparison group, menstruation recovery time was shorter than that in the comparison group. The difference was statisticallysignificant(P<0.05); the complication rate in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group, the differencewasstatisticallysignificant(P<0.05);Repeat abortion rate in observation group was significantly lower than that in the comparison group, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05);In the observation group effective contraceptive usage was significantly higher, the difference was statistically significant between two groups(P<0.05).ConclusionInstant application of Marvelon immediately after induced abortion can significantly reduce the amount of vaginal bleeding and bleeding time, promote menstruation, reduce postoperative complications, improve the effective usage of contraceptive measures and reduce the rate of repeat abortions.%

  8. Abortion applicants in Arkansas.

    Henker, F O


    The article reports upon the characteristics of 300 abortion applicants in Arkansas manifesting significant stress from unwanted pregnancy between May 1, 1970 and June 30, 1971. The sample is limited by the fact that all of these women had been willing to seek medical aid. Patients ranged from ages 13-47, 131 of them ages 17-21. 35% had had some college education; another 29% were high school graduates. 50.6%, 20.6%, and 27.3% were single, divorced, and married, respectively. 59.6% of the patients were primiparas. 18.3%, 9.6%, and 12.3% were classified as being neurotic, having psychophysiologic tendencies (gastrointestinal problems, obesity, chronic headaches), and having sociopathic features (passive-aggressive, frankly rebellious, delinquent, antisocial, alcoholic), respectively. 12 women had noticeable schizoid features; 4 women had mildly active schizophrenia. Fathers of the women were usually blue-collar workers (55.3%) or white-collar workers (24.6%). The most frequent ordinal sibling position among the women was oldest child (38%). Parental instability (1 or both parents lost through death, divorce, father usually away working, chronic alcoholism, etc.) was reported by 39.6% of the patients. Patients' attitudes toward the unwanted pregnancy included dislike of inexpediency of the situation (82.6%), self-depreciation (55.6%), and aversion (28.6%). Precipitated psychiatric disorders were for the greatest part mild. Manifesting symptoms included depression (66.7%), anxiety (21%), and mixed anxiety and depression (12.2%). Suicidal threats and gestures were made by 22 and 8 patients, respectively. In summary, the study reveals a group of predominantly Caucasian women from unstable, middle-class urban families who were going through an adjustment reaction to adolescence or adult life.

  9. Abortion and the law: the Supreme Court, privacy, and abortion.

    Marsh, F H


    This article examines the impact of the continuing politicization of the abortion issue in the US on the rights of women and on the emerging concept of fetal rights. The introduction 1) attributes the "final and total politicization" of a woman's right to control her reproduction to the "undue burden" standard introduced by the Supreme Court in its 1992 Casey decision and 2) claims that, if unchecked, the concept of fetal rights may give the state's interest in protecting potential life supremacy over women's rights. The next section presents an in-depth discussion of the politicization of the right to abortion that covers such topics as how the courts before Casey became the forum for debating abortion policy, how the "undue burden" standard fails to set definite parameters of acceptable state behavior, how the Casey decision in effect abandons the trimester-based framework of reference provided in Roe vs. Wade, how Casey allows states to subtly coerce women seeking abortions, how the Casey decision failed to reduce the intense politicization of abortion, and how the court failed to protect individual rights to health care and abortion funding from states. Part 3 of the article begins its exploration of the concept of "fetal rights" with a sketch of the history of this concept in the US courts starting in 1884 when damages for miscarriage were denied. Ways in which fetal rights compete with the rights of a pregnant woman are described, the Supreme Court is blamed for allowing states to develop this concept, and issues of patient confidentiality versus reporting requirements are considered. It is concluded that the Supreme Court will have to act to limit fetal rights.

  10. Global consequences of unsafe abortion.

    Singh, Susheela


    Unsafe abortion is a significant cause of death and ill health in women in the developing world. A substantial body of research on these consequences exists, although studies are of variable quality. However, unsafe abortion has a number of other significant consequences that are much less widely recognized. These include the economic consequences, the immediate costs of providing medical care for abortion-related complications, the costs of medical care for longer-term health consequences, lost productivity to the country, the impact on families and the community, and the social consequences that affect women and families. This article will review the scientific evidence on the consequences of unsafe abortion, highlight gaps in the evidence base, suggest areas where future research efforts are needed, and speculate on the future situation regarding consequences and evidence over the next 5-10 years. The information provided is useful and timely given the current heightened interest in the issue of unsafe abortion, growing from the recent focus of national and international agencies on reducing maternal mortality by 75% by 2015 (as one of the Millennium Development Goals established in 2000).

  11. Abortion laws into action: implementing legal reform.

    Gerhardt, A J


    The worldwide trend towards liberalizing abortion laws has resulted in reduced abortion-related mortality in areas where legal abortion is accessible. In countries considering abortion reform, policy-makers and health care providers have a responsibility to ensure that provisions of any new law can be met. Preparations underway to prepare for South Africa's new abortion law can serve as a guideline for such action. A new abortion law calls for policy changes that may include 1) developing new standards, protocols, and guidelines for abortion care services; 2) ensuring provision of adequate trained staff willing to provide abortions; 3) streamlining administrative regulations to avoid delays; 4) establishing regulations and mechanisms for drug and equipment supply and distribution; 5) restructuring the health system to accommodate provision of abortion services; 6) allocating funds for new abortion services; and 7) reviewing and revising security measures. In addition, health professionals will require training in abortion provision, staff will need information updates about aspects of the legislation, and administrators and providers in a position to impede provision of services must be made aware of the affect of unsafe abortion on maternal health. Researchers should document the effect of the new law on women's health, the provision of reproductive health services, and the community. IEC (information, education, communication) activities will be required to inform the public about the new law and services, establish sex education programs in schools and health facilities, and mobilize family planning organizations and programs to help reduce the incidence of repeat abortions.

  12. 丙泊酚复合曲马多进行人工流产的临床观察%Study of propofol combined with tramadol for analgesia of induced abortion



    目的 观察丙泊酚复合曲马多进行无痛人工流产(以下简称人流)的效果.方法 选择自愿终止妊娠妇女90例随机分为3组,每组各30例,对照组,丙泊酚组和丙泊酚曲马多组.丙泊酚曲马多组术前先给予曲马多1 mg/kg静脉注射,1min后再静脉给予丙泊酚2mg/kg,丙泊酚组按2.5mg/kg静注,对照组术中不用任何镇静镇痛药.观察手术中及术后疼痛、生命体征、手术时间及人流综合症等情况.结果 丙泊酚组和丙泊酚曲马多组的麻醉效果显著优于对照组(P<0.05).丙泊酚组和丙泊酚曲马多组的术后镇痛效果显著优于对照组(P<0.05).丙泊酚曲马多复合麻醉能减少麻醉药的用量.结论 丙泊酚曲马多复合麻醉具有良好的镇静、镇痛作用,可保持心血管功能稳定,减少麻醉药的用量,预防人流综合症的发生.%Objective To study the feasibility and safety of propofol combined with tramadol for analgesia of induced abortion. Methods Ninety pregnant women were divided into three groups. Tramadol and propofol group was given propofol combined with tramadol for anesthesia, including tramadol 1mg/kg intravenous infusion and propofol 2mg/kg intravenous injection. Propofol group was given propofol 2. 5mg/kg intravenous injection. Effects of analgesia and anaesthesia and side effects were recorded. Results The effects of anaesthesia in propofol group and tramadol group were better than those of control group. The effects of postoperation analgesia in tramadol group was better than that of propofol group. The use of tramadol can reduce the dosage of propofol. Conclusions Propofol combined with tramadol for analgesia of induced abortion has good effect and is suitable for outpatient, with features of simplicity, safety, reliability and less complications.

  13. To abort or not to abort: that is the question.

    Thomison, J B


    Abortion is not a medical issue, as the law would like to make it when requesting definitions of when life begins. To medicine, life begins at conception. conception is the 1st step in the miracle of life. It is up to the law and society to determine when life begins legally. Doctors have responsibilities as citizens to do what they can to support laws they believe in. The American Medical Association has remained neutral on the issue. Abortion can be ethical if the mother's life is threatened. But it is unethical and unconstitutional when it is done out of convenience to correct indiscretions.

  14. Second trimester abortion- mifepristone and misoprostol or misoprostol alone?

    Uday Patel


    Full Text Available Background: From historical times termination of pregnancy was practiced with or without legal and social sanctions. Over the last few years, induced abortions have gained more popularity because of safe techniques and medications available. Induced abortion means willful termination of pregnancy before the period of viability. Medical abortion in the second trimester with misoprostol alone has been shown to be affective, although in comparison with the combination of mifepristone and misoprostol, misoprostol-only protocols have required higher doses, side effects are more common and the time to complete the abortion is longer. Methods: Total of 50 eligible women were enrolled for this study and were divided in two groups of 25 each of the case group and control group. This study was conducted in the Dhiraj General Hospital, Piparia, Waghodia. Women in the case group were given Tablet Mifepristone (200 mg orally followed by Tablet Misoprostol (200 mcg vaginally after 24 hours which may be repeated every 6 hrs till 5 doses. Women in control group were given Tablet Misoprostol (200 mcg vaginally which may be repeated every 6 hrs till 5 doses. Results: The combination of mifepristone and misoprostol is now an established and highly effective and safe method for medical method second trimester abortion. The combination of mifepristone with misoprostol significantly reduces the abortion to induction interval and also have fewer side effects and complications and also reduces the dose of misoprostol. Where mifepristone is not available or affordable, misoprostol alone has also been shown to be effective, although a higher total dose is needed and efficacy is lower than for the combined regimen. Therefore, whenever possible, the combined regimen should be used. Conclusions: Mifepristone followed by misoprostol was more effective and has a shorter IAI and fewer side effects. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(3.000: 315-319

  15. Safe abortion information hotlines: An effective strategy for increasing women's access to safe abortions in Latin America.

    Drovetta, Raquel Irene


    This paper describes the implementation of five Safe Abortion Information Hotlines (SAIH), a strategy developed by feminist collectives in a growing number of countries where abortion is legally restricted and unsafe. These hotlines have a range of goals and take different forms, but they all offer information by telephone to women about how to terminate a pregnancy using misoprostol. The paper is based on a qualitative study carried out in 2012-2014 of the structure, goals and experiences of hotlines in five Latin American countries: Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. The methodology included participatory observation of activities of the SAIH, and in-depth interviews with feminist activists who offer these services and with 14 women who used information provided by these hotlines to induce their own abortions. The findings are also based on a review of materials obtained from the five hotline collectives involved: documents and reports, social media posts, and details of public demonstrations and statements. These hotlines have had a positive impact on access to safe abortions for women whom they help. Providing these services requires knowledge and information skills, but little infrastructure. They have the potential to reduce the risk to women's health and lives of unsafe abortion, and should be promoted as part of public health policy, not only in Latin America but also other countries. Additionally, they promote women's autonomy and right to decide whether to continue or terminate a pregnancy.

  16. Locus of control and decision to abort.

    Dixon, P N; Strano, D A; Willingham, W


    The relationship of locus of control to deciding on an abortion was investigated by administering Rotter's Locus of Control Scale to 118 women immediately prior to abortion and 2 weeks and 3 months following abortion. Subjects' scores were compared across the 3 time periods, and the abortion group's pretest scores were compared with those of a nonpregnant control, group. As hypothesized, the aborting group scored significantly more internal than the general population but no differences in locus of control were found across the 3 time period. The length of delay in deciding to abort an unwanted pregnancy following confirmation was also assessed. Women seeking 1st trimester abortions were divided into internal and external groups on the Rotter Scale and the lengths of delay were compared. The hypothesis that external scores would delay the decision longer than internal ones was confirmed. The results confirm characteristics of the locus of control construct and add information about personality characteristics of women undergoing abortion.

  17. Abortion Counseling and the School Counselor

    Duncan, Jack A.; Moffett, Catherine F.


    Abortion counseling is now legally within the purview of the school counselor. It is therefore essential that counselors determine their role in abortion counseling, the kind of training necessary, and whether professional organizations should develop counseling guidelines. (RP)

  18. Abortions: Does It Affect Subsequent Pregnancies?

    Healthy Lifestyle Getting pregnant Could an abortion increase the risk of problems in a subsequent pregnancy? Answers from Roger W. Harms, M.D. Generally, abortion isn't thought to cause fertility issues or ...

  19. In vivo activation of toll-like receptor-9 induces an age-dependent abortive lytic cycle reactivation of murine gammaherpesvirus-68.

    Ptaschinski, Catherine; Wilmore, Joel; Fiore, Nancy; Rochford, Rosemary


    Infection of mice with murine gammaherpesvirus-68 (γHV-68) serves as a model to understand the pathogenesis of persistent viral infections, including the potential for co-infections to modulate viral latency. We have previously found that infection of neonates (8-day-old mice) with γHV-68 resulted in a high level of persistence of the virus in the lungs as well as the spleen, in contrast to infection of adult mice, for which long-term latency was only readily detected in the spleen. In this study we investigated whether stimulation of toll-like receptor (TLR)9 would modulate viral latency in mice infected with γHV-68 in an age-dependent manner. Pups and adult mice were injected with the synthetic TLR9 ligand CpG ODN at 30 dpi, at which time long-term latency has been established. Three days after CpG injection, the lungs and spleens were removed, and a limiting dilution assay was done to determine the frequency of latently infected cells. RNA was extracted to measure viral transcripts using a ribonuclease protection assay. We observed that CpG injection resulted in an increase in the frequency of latently-infected cells in both the lungs and spleens of infected pups, but only in the spleens of infected adult mice. No preformed virus was detected, suggesting that TLR9 stimulation did not trigger complete viral reactivation. When we examined viral gene expression in these same tissues, we observed expression only of the immediate early lytic genes, rta and K3, but not the early DNA polymerase gene or late gB transcript indicative of an abortive reactivation in the spleen. Additionally, mice infected as pups had greater numbers of germinal center B cells in the spleen following CpG injection, whereas CpG stimulated the expansion of follicular zone B cells in adult mice. These data suggest that stimulation of TLR9 differentially modulates gammaherpesvirus latency via an age-dependent mechanism.

  20. Abortion in Brazil: A Search For Rights

    Anjos, Karla Ferraz dos; Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia; Santos, Vanessa Cruz; Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia; Souzas, Raquel; Universidade Federal da Bahia; Eugênio, Benedito Gonçalves; Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia


    Discussing the abortion theme in Brazil is highly problematic since it involves ethical, moral and legal precepts. The criminalization of abortion in Brazil favors a clandestine and unsafe practice and can lead to serious consequences to women´s health. In this perspective, this research deals with the legal context in which the abortion problem is inscribed in Brazil, coupled to the specific aims in pinpointing complications caused by the criminalization of clandestine abortion besides deali...

  1. Narcotrend指数评价镇静深度在无痛人工流产术中的应用%Application of sedation level evaluated by Narcotrend index in painless induced abortion

    肖莎; 岳辉


    目的:通过Narcotrend指数(NTI)在无痛人工流产术中指导镇静深度,评估其临床安全有效性及病人满意度.方法:360例门诊行无痛人工流产术早孕妇女,年龄18~35岁,体重40~70 kg,孕期6~8周.ASA I~Ⅱ级.Narcotrend监护仪(MonitorTechnik,Bad Bramstedt,Germany)监护术中镇静深度指数,通过泵注异丙酚,调整NTI水平并随机分成3组,每组120例.A组NTI=50~59,B组NTI=60~69,C组NTI=70~75.记录各项生命指标,苏醒时间及术中不良反应.结果:360例无痛人工流产术中,20例出现术中或术后不良反应.其中A组出现2例苏醒延迟,5例低血压,2例心动过缓及2例呼吸抑制;B组出现1例低血压,1例术中体动;C组出现5例术中明显体动,2例存在术中知晓.不良反应发生率B组为1.66%,明显低于A组的9.17%和C组的5.83%.所有手术均顺利完成并出院.结论:恰当Narcotrend指数指导镇静深度,可以安全有效地完成无痛人工流产手术,NTI在60~69之间降低术中知晓的发生及并发症,避免因麻醉过深或过浅对患者造成的影响,使无痛人工流产术安全合理化.%Objective: To evaluate the clinical safety, effectiveness and satisfaction of Narcotrend index in directing sedation level in painless induced abortion.Methods: 360 early pregnant women received painless induced abortion in outpatient department of the hospital, the age was 18 ~ 35 years, the body weight was 40 ~ 70 kg, the gestational weeks were 6 ~ 8 weeks, ASA Ⅰ ~ Ⅱ grade; Narcotrend monitor (MonitorTechnik, Bad Bramstedt, Germany) was used to monitor the intraoperative sedation level, Narcotrend index was regulated by pumping injection of propofol, then the women were divided into three groups, 120 women in each group.The Narcotrend indexes in group A, group B and group C were 50 ~ 59, 60 ~ 69 and 70 ~ 75, respectively.The vital signs, the time of awakening from anesthesia and intraoperative adverse reactions were recorded

  2. Observation Effect of Mental Nursing And Anxirty in Patients With Induced Abortion%再次人工流产患者的心理焦虑情绪及心理护理效果观察



    目的:探讨心理护理对再次人工流产患者的心理焦虑情绪及护理效果的影响。方法随机选取2011年4月~2014年3月在我院行再次人工流产手术的妇女80例作为研究对象,观察组手术前后实施心理护理,对照组实施常规的临床护理观察,观察两组患者的护理的效果。结果干预后,观察组的SAS评分下降,P<0.05,差异具有统计学意义。心理干预后,观察组的疼痛程度降低,P<0.05,差异具有统计学意义。结论对再次人工流产患者实施心理护理可以有效地改善患者的心理焦虑情绪,提高患者的满意程度,具有良好的临床护理效果。%Objective To explore the effect of psychological nursing on the psychological anxiety and nursing effect of patients with induced abortion. Methods Selected 80 women from April 2011 to March 2014 in our hospital as the research object, and the observation group was given psychological nursing before and after operation.ResultsAfter the intervention, the SAS score of the observation group was signiifcantly decreased,P<0.05, the difference was statistically signiifcant. The pain of the patients in the observation group was significantly lower,P<0.05, the difference was statistically signiifcant.Conclusion The implementation of psychological care in patients with artiifcial abortion can effectively improve the patient's psychological anxiety, improve patient satisfaction.

  3. 人工流产术后药物干预对子宫内膜影响的临床观察%Clinic Observation of Medicine Influence to Endometrium after Induced Abortion

    包迎来; 夏松云; 李秀琴; 李敏; 赵勇; 闫玲; 白桂芳; 吴海燕; 王蔼明


    目的:评价在人工流产术后口服短效避孕药优思明及单纯雌激素补佳乐对减少术后阴道流血时间、促进术后子宫内膜恢复、缩短首次月经恢复时间及减少术后并发症的临床疗效.方法:选择来我院因非意愿妊娠者要求行无痛人工流产者为研究对象,随机分为对照组即未用药组(n=200),优思明组(n=100)和补佳乐组(n=100).3组均于术后2周及月经转归后1个月、3个月后随诊.观察术后阴道流血时间、术后2周子宫内膜厚度、首次月经恢复时间及术后3个月内并发症的发生情况.结果:①优思明组术后阴道流血时间短于对照组和补佳乐组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05);②优思明组术后2周子宫内膜略厚于对照组,但差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),补佳乐组术后2周子宫内膜厚度大于对照组和优思明组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).③优思明组术后首次月经恢复时间短于对照组和补佳乐组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).④用药组(优思明组和补佳乐组)术后并发症发生率均低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);用药组宫腔积液发生率低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:人工流产术后立即服用单纯雌激素对子宫内膜厚度的恢复优于避孕药,术后并发症的发生率更低.%Objective: To access the clinical curative effect of reducing bleeding period of vagina, accelerating endometrium recovery, shortening recovery time of first menstrual cycle and reducing the incidence of postoperative complications by taking Yasmin and Progynova after induced abortion. Methods: The cases who received the painless abortion were selected and divided into threesgroups randomly: control group (without medicines, n=200), Yasmin group (n=100) and Progynova group (n=100). All cases were observed at the following time: 2 weeks after operation, the first menstrual cycle and the third emmenia cycle. The vagina bleeding




    [目的]探讨艾滋病患者人工流产术的预防感染措施以及通过健康教育提高患者行为依从性,促进健康提高患者的生存质量.[方法]采用回顾性的调查方法,对确诊为艾滋病的1例患者行人工流产术,采用预防感染措施及相关健康教育.[结果]在为艾滋病患者行人工流产术的各个环节中,落实各项感染控制措施,从根本上杜绝了在人工流产手术过程中造成的医院感染性疾病的发生,为该患者行人工流产术的4位医务人员无1例感染.同时,因时、因人制定的健康教育,使患者的心理压力得到缓解,遵医行为明显增强,促进了患者的早日康复.[结论]预防和控制艾滋病医院感染的发生,医务人员首先应加强自我防护意识,严格执行各项消毒隔离制度,且需要医、护、技、患等各方面的密切配合.通过适时的健康教育,可有效地缓解患者身心两方面的压力,对疾病的治疗和患者的远期生存质量有积极的促进作用.%[Objective] To discuss the countenneasure of AIDS' abortion so as to improve the life quality of patients and patients ' obedience. [Methods] Based on retrospective investigation methods, one case with AIDS infection was operated with ahortion, and was protected by the countermeasures and educated with heath. [Results] From all aspects of the AIDS patients with induced abortion, we carried out every kinds of countermeasure to prevent the occurrence of sexual diseases in the abortion procedure. None of the four operators was infected with AIDS. Meanwhile, under the right heath education according to the patients' circumslance, patients psychological pressure has been relaxed significantly. It increased the compliance to the treatment and promoted the patients' speedy recovery. [ Conclusion] In order to protect and control the hospital infection,medical staffs should firstly strengthen the awareness of self-protection and obey strictly to the disinfection

  5. 人工流产与继发不孕%Abortion and secondary infertility



    人工流产是一种有创性节育方法,有电吸人工流产和药物流产两种方法.人工流产后的继发不孕主要与多次人工流产、流产后生殖道感染等引起的子宫内膜损伤和流产后发生的盆腔炎性疾病有关.电吸人工流产时宫腔内的子宫内膜组织碎片和血液可经输卵管逆流入腹腔,引起盆腔子宫内膜异位症,也是引起不孕症的重要原因之一.加强避孕宣教、重视流产时子宫内膜的保护,以及控制生殖道感染是预防人工流产后继发不孕的重要措施.%Induced abortion is a traumatic method of terminating early pregnancy, including vacuum aspiration induced abortion and medical abortion. The infertility to induced abortion has been increasing, which may be correlated to multiple induced abortion, the pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and the damage of endometrium caused by the induced abortion. The decidual scraps and blood during the vacuum aspiration procedure may get into peritoneal cavity from the uterine cavity through the tubes, which may cause pelvic endometriosis. Endometriosis is also considered as one of the important causes of female infertility. The preventive measures of infertility secondary to induced abortion should include the publicity and education of contraception, emphasis on protection of endometrium during induced abortion, and the PID prevention.

  6. 米非司酮联合利凡诺在60例中孕引产中的临床分析%Clinical observation of Mifepristone and Rivanol joint for 60 cases of induced abortion in pregnant

    阮和云; 殷俊峰


    Objective To investigate the effects of Mifepristone and Rivanol joint for 60 cases of induced abortion. Method From 123 patients with pregnancy termination in need pregnancy were randomly divided into 2 groups ,the observation group was treated with oral mifepristone and rivanol amniotic cavity injection method of labor induction ,the control group used the traditional amniochorial injection method of labor induction. Observe two groups of the differences of Total induced labor time,During childbirth pain score,postpartum blood loss,placental residues or adhesion cases. Results Pregnancy induced labor of rivanol combined with mifepristone significantly reduce pain during fetal childbirth,fetal childbirth time was significantly less than group B,no significant changes in postpartum blood loss postpartum placental residues or adhesion significantly less,100% induced labor was successful,3 cases of group B induced labor,failure to switch to other modes of induced labor. Conclusion Mifepristone and rivanol for odinopoeia during pregnancy is superior to the traditional amniocho-rial in-jection method.%目的:研究利凡诺联合米非司酮在中孕引产中的优点。方法:选取两组病例,A组利凡诺联合米非司酮引产者60例;B组单用利凡诺腔内引产者63例。观察两组患者总引产时间、分娩过程中疼痛评分、产后出血量、胎盘残留或粘连程度。结果:使用利凡诺联合米非司酮的中孕引产者在胎儿娩出期间疼痛明显减轻,胎儿娩出时间较 B组明显少,产后出血量无明显改变,产后胎盘残留或粘连明显少,100%引产成功,B组3例引产失败,改用其他引产方式。结论:中孕引产使用利凡诺联合米非司酮较单用利凡诺临床效果好。

  7. Abortion, infanticide and moral context.

    Porter, Lindsey


    In 'After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?', Giubilini and Minerva argue that infanticide should be permitted for the same reasons as abortion. In particular, they argue that infanticide should be permitted even for reasons that do not primarily serve the interests (or would-be best interests) of the newborn. They claim that abortion is permissible for reasons that do not primarily serve the interests (or would-be interests) of the fetus because fetuses lack a right to life. They argue that newborns also lack a right to life, and they conclude that therefore, the same reasons that justify abortion can justify infanticide. This conclusion does not follow. The lack of a right to life is not decisive. Furthermore, the justificatory power of a given reason is a function of moral context. Generalisations about reasons across dissimilar moral contexts are invalid. However, a similar conclusion does follow-that fetus-killing and newborn-killing are morally identical in identical moral contexts-but this conclusion is trivial, since fetuses and newborns are never in identical moral contexts.

  8. Características sociodemográficas de la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo en Andalucía: diferencias entre población autóctona y extranjera Sociodemographic characteristics of induced abortions in Andalusia (Spain: differences between native and foreign populations

    Miguel Ruiz-Ramos


    Full Text Available Objetivos: Describir las variables asociadas con la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo en Andalucía y las diferencias entre población autóctona y extranjera. Material y métodos: Estudio poblacional transversal. Se ha unido el fichero de partos con el de interrupción voluntaria del embarazo y se ha creado un fichero único del periodo 2007-2010. Mediante modelos de regresión logística binaria, utilizando como variable dependiente si el embarazo terminó en parto o aborto voluntario y como independientes el año, la provincia de residencia, el número de hijos previo, el nivel de instrucción, la convivencia y la nacionalidad, se han calculado las odds ratios crudas y ajustadas con sus intervalos de confianza del 95%, para mujeres autóctonas y extranjeras. Con las poblaciones del padrón se calcularon las tasas correspondientes. Resultados: Se produjeron 460.715 embarazos, de los cuales un 17% terminó en aborto voluntario y un 83% en parto. Las variables que más influyeron en el riesgo de abortos voluntarios en las mujeres autóctonas y extranjeras fueron tener tres o más hijos (OR=23,06, ser menor de 25 años (OR=19,53, vivir sola (OR=10,04 y ser extranjera (OR=3,95, en especial africana. Las tasas de abortos voluntarios, de fecundidad y de fertilidad fueron mayores en las extranjeras que en las andaluzas, con un aumento de los abortos y un descenso de la fertilidad y de la fecundidad. Conclusiones: El mayor riesgo de abortar voluntariamente en Andalucía lo presentan mujeres jóvenes, con hijos, que no conviven en pareja, con estudios secundarios y extranjeras, en especial procedentes de África subsahariana y con residencia en la provincia de Huelva.Objectives: To describe the variables associated with induced abortions in Andalusia (Spain and the differences between native and foreign populations. Material and methods: A cross-sectional population-based study was carried out. The files on deliveries and induced abortions were

  9. 间苯三酚与利多卡因宫颈注射联合笑气吸入用于人工流产700例临床观察%The clinical observation of injection of phloroglucinol and liduocaine into the cervical combined with nitrous oxide inhalation for 700 patients with induced abortion

    祁明花; 杨素兰; 刘珊珊; 于福丽


    目的:探讨间苯三酚与利多卡因宫颈注射联合笑气吸入用于人工流产的临床疗效。方法:选择700例人工流产患者,随机将其分为对照组(间苯三酚与利多卡因宫颈注射)与观察组(间苯三酚与利多卡因宫颈注射联合笑气吸入),每组350例,对两组镇痛效果、宫颈松弛度,以及人工流产综合征发生率进行观察和比较。结果:与对照组相比,观察组镇痛总有效率明显升高,人工流产综合征发生率显著降低,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),而宫颈松弛度总有效率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:对于人工流产患者,间苯三酚与利多卡因宫颈注射联合笑气吸入治疗的镇痛效果显著,明显减少人工流产综合征的发生率,值得临床推广。%Objective To investigate the benzene three phenol and lidocaine combined with nitrous oxide inhalation for the clinical curative effect of artificial abortion.Methods 700 cases of artificial abortion patients were randomly divided into control group(benzene three phenol and lidocaine) and observation group(benzene three phenol and lidocaine combined with nitrous oxide inhalation),350 cases in each group.The analgesic effect of the two groups, the cervical laxity,and incidence of induced abortion syndrome were observed and compared.Results Compared with the control group,the observation group analgesia total efficiency increased significantly,the incidence of artificial abortion syndrome decreased significantly,the difference was statistically significant(P0.05).Conclusion For the patients of induced abortion,benzene three phenol and lidocaine combined with nitrous oxide inhalation analgesia treatment significantly,significantly reduced the incidence of artificial abortion syndrome,is worth the clinical promotion.

  10. 家属参与围手术期心理干预对未成年人人工流产的影响%Influences of family’s participation in psychological interven-tion in peroperative period on induced abortion of minors



    Objective To explore the influences of family’s participation in psychological intervention in peroperative period on induced abortion of minors .Methods A total of 150 minors receiving induced abor-tion and their families participating in psychological intervention in peroperative period were assigned to observation group and 150 ones their families without participation to control group ;preoperative anxiety , intraoperative pain ,incidence of induced abortion syndrome ,post-operative vaginal hemorrhage and men-struation recovery time were observed and statistically analyzed for both groups .Results The detection rate of anxious emtion and incidence of induced abortion syndrome were significantly lower (P< 0 .01) , pain degrees slighter (P< 0 .01) and vaginal hemorrhage and menstruation recovery time shorter (P<0 .01) in observation than control group .Conclusion Family’s participation in psychological intervention in peroperative period could effectively relieve minors ’ anxious emotion ,improve their tolerance to the op-eration ,lessen pain degree ,reduce the development of induced abortion syndrome and is beneficial to post-operation somatic recovery .%目的探讨家属参与围术期心理干预对未成年人人工流产的影响。方法将150例家属参与围手术期心理干预的未成年人人工流产患者设为观察组,150例无家属参与者设为对照组,观察两组患者术前焦虑情况、术中疼痛程度、人流综合征的发生率及术后阴道出血和月经恢复时间,并进行统计分析。结果观察组焦虑情绪检出率、人流综合征发生率显著低于对照组(P<0.01),疼痛程度显著轻于对照组(P<0.01),阴道出血时间及月经恢复时间均显著少于对照组(P<0.01)。结论家属参与人工流产围手术期心理干预,能有效缓解未成年人的焦虑情绪,提高其手术耐受力减轻疼痛程度,减少人流综合征的发生,有利于术后身体的恢复。

  11. Free abortion has come to stay.


    In Sweden abortion has been free and on demand since 1975. The philosophy behind this law is that the pregnant women is the best judge of whether she should have an abortion. Any attempt to change the legal status of abortion should be strongly fought. Criminalizing abortion has never amounted to any good in any country that has tried it. A critical aspect of abortion is that it must be prevented with effective sexual education and free access to contraception. This is the best way to avoid unwanted pregnancies and thus abortion. Still even in Sweden 25% of all pregnancies end in abortion. Planned parenthood is essential in a country with a high standard of living in order to maintain an adequate level of births. Many countries with high standards of living have very low births rates because they do not offer parental leave, short working hours, or day care.

  12. Abortion--the breath of life.

    Joling, R J


    A scholarly review of medical-legal and biblical authority on the su bject of abortion supports abortion as a woman's right when it is performed before the fetus has had its "breath of life." Based on biblical evidence, a person becomes a living being when the soul, the "breath of life" is breathed into it. Without the "breath of life" no person exists. A fetus less than 28 weeks old is incapable of breathing alone; thus an aborted fetus that age is not truly a living human being capable of surviving independently of its mother's womb. Legal aspects include supreme, local and state court decisions defining abortion. It is ultimately expected that each person will determine what approach to take towards the abortion question. Abortion is still a personal problem regardless of supreme court decisions or ecclesiastical determinants. Religion and moral concepts should be the guiding conscience involved in the question of abortion.

  13. Lokal østrogen-fobehandling reducerer aborttiden ven prostaglandin E1 analog-induceret abort i 2. trimester

    Petersen, Lone Kjeld; Uldbjerg, N; Allen, J G


    Twenty-eight patients (median gestational age 17 weeks) referred for induction of second trimester abortion, were randomized to intracervical preliminary treatment by either 50 mg 17 beta-oestradiol or placebo. Abortion was then induced by 1 mg prostaglandin E1 vagitories. The preliminary treatme...

  14. A Clinical Study on Management of Incomplete Abortion by Manual Vacuum Aspiration (MVA

    Arifa Akter Jahan


    Full Text Available Background: Abortion is an important social and public health issue. In Bangladesh complication from unsafe abortion is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality. It is a serious health problem. World Health Organisation estimates that 14% of maternal deaths which occur every year in the countries of South Asia including Bangladesh are due to abortion. Study shows manual vacuum aspiration procedure is safe and effective in incomplete abortion. Very few clinical trials were carried out in Bangladesh to assess the safety and effectivity of manual vacuum aspiration in managing incomplete abortion. Objective: To find out the outcome of manual vacuum aspiration in the management of patients of incomplete abortion. Materials and Methods: This observational descriptive study was conducted in the department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Dhaka Medical College & Hospital from June to December, 2004. One hundred cases of diagnosed incomplete abortion up to 12 weeks of gestation were managed by manual vacuum aspiration during this period. A data recording sheet was designed for this purpose. Haemodynamically stable patients with no history of induced abortion and fever were enrolled. Results: Procedure time of manual vacuum aspiration was short, average duration was 7 minutes. Bleeding was minimum (20-30 mL in 67% cases and weighted mean was 29.80 mL. Eighty three percent patients were stable during the procedure and only 3% needed blood transfusion. Nonnarcotic analgesics were used in 59% cases and 33% needed only proper counselling. Average duration of hospital stay was 2 hours. Effectiveness of the procedure was about 98% with very low post procedure complication rate (2%. Conclusion: MVA procedure is a safe and effective technique of uterine evacuation in incomplete abortion. It is quick, less expensive, effective and less painful. Hospital stay and chance of perforation of uterus is less. So this procedure should be considered by health care

  15. Validation of spontaneous abortion diagnoses in the Danish National Registry of Patients

    Lohse, Sarah Rytter; Farkas, Dóra Körmendiné; Lohse, Nicolai;


    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to validate the diagnosis of spontaneous abortion (SA) recorded in the Danish National Registry of Patients (DNRP). METHODS: We randomly selected patients registered in the DNRP with a diagnosis of SA between 1980 and 2008 from hospitals in the county of North...... the three patients with available data who did not fulfill the criteria for SA, one had an induced abortion and two had threatened abortion but did not miscarry. CONCLUSION: Registration of SA in the DNRP accurately reflects the diagnoses recorded in medical charts. The DNRP is a suitable source of data...

  16. The propofol combined with sufentanil as an-esthetic for induced abortion%丙泊酚复合舒芬太尼用于人工流产术的麻醉



    AIM:To observe the propofol combined with sufen-tanil for anesthetic effect of induced abortion and the impact on the respiratory,circulatory system.METHODS:60 cases who underwent induced abortion without related taboos characteristics, with ASA physical status I -II grade,age 18 -35 years old, weight 45 -65 kg,6 -9 weeks of pregnancy,were randomly di-vided into two groups,S group and P group of propofol combined with sufentanil and propofol only,30 cases in each group.Both groups used the same surgical methods,and had no differences in age,weight and flow of time (P >0.05).In S group sufentanil intravenous was injected 0.10 μg/kg,propofol bolus was dosed at 2 mg/kg,which in P group,propofol bolus was dosed at 2.5 mg/kg.Two groups were satisfied with anesthesia before induced a-bortion,and at the same time were observed before induction,af-ter induction,the end of surgery,blood pressure (Bp),heart rate (HR),oxygen saturation (SpO2 ),wake time,and anesthet-ic effects were analyzed and evaluated.RESULTS:The induc-tion and emergence time of S group was significantly shorter than the P group (P <0.05);Bp decreased 2 min after the induction of the P group,the HR slowed down,the SpO2 was lower than the S group (P <0.05);anesthetic effect in S group was significantly superior in the P group (P <0.05 ).CONCLUSION:The propofol combined with sufentanil for abortion, showed exact effect of narcotic analgesics,less medication,rapid onset,mild respiratory,circulatory inhibition,patients waking up faster.It is better than using only propofol phenol anesthesia treatment.%目的:研究人工流产手术中使用丙泊酚辅助舒芬太尼药剂来进行麻醉的功效,以及其对于机体的循环系统和呼吸状况的相关性.方法:择取60例拟准备进行人工流产手术的患者,与此同时病患之前没有出现类似禁忌征,ASA I ~II级,年龄18~35岁,体质量45~65 kg,孕期6~9周.将患者随机分为两个小组,使用丙泊酚

  17. Evidence mounts for sex-selective abortion in Asia.

    Westley, S B


    In Korea, China, and Taiwan--countries where son preference persists--the availability of prenatal screening techniques and induced abortion has produced an imbalance in the naturally occurring sex ratios of 104-107 male births for every 100 female births. Policy responses to sex-selective abortion were the focus of a 1994 International Symposium on Sex Preference for Children in the Rapidly Changing Demographic Dynamics in Asia sponsored by the United Nations Population Fund and the Government of the Republic of Korea. Modern technology (i.e., amniocentesis, ultrasound, and chorionic villi sampling) enables couples to control both family size and sex selection. According to data from the 1990 Korean Census, 80,000 female fetuses were aborted from 1986-90 as a result of son preference. In the late 1980s, the Governments of Korea, China, and India imposed bans on the use of medical technology for prenatal sex determination, but many observers maintain that regulations have served only to make the procedures clandestine and more expensive. To remedy the problems underlying sex-selective abortion, the Symposium recommended the following government actions: 1) implement policies and programs to diminish gender discrimination; 2) establish guidelines for the monitoring and regulation of prenatal testing; 3) utilize mass and folk media, interpersonal channels, and school curricula to promote gender equality; 4) strengthen the ethics curriculum of medical schools to address son preference; and 5) increase the capability of statistical and research organizations to collect gender-disaggregated data.

  18. 实时超声引导在困难人工流产术中的临床应用%Clinical Application of Ultrasound Real-time Guided of Difficulties Induced Abortion

    胡军红; 李玲; 田洪验


      Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of ultrasound guided of difficulties induced abortion (curettage of uterine cavity).Method:108 patients with curettage of uterine cavity were examined.In the process of curettage of uterine cavity,to determine the shape of the uterus,the position and intrauterine gestational saclocation first,and to indicate the direction and depth of the probe and surgical instruments into Observed real-time with ultrasound during uterine curettage and evaluated the effect of curettage of uterine cavity.Result:Successful cases were 105(97.22%,105/108).None of 108 cases suffered from perforation of uterus.Conclusion:The real-time ultrasound-guided curettage to reduce blindness in operation,accurate positioning,its method is simple,and a high success rate,it is worth promoting.%  目的:评价实时超声引导在困难人工流产术(清宫术)中的临床应用价值.方法:符合困难人工流产入选标准孕妇108例,在清宫过程中超声先确定子宫形态、位置及宫腔内孕囊位置等,指示操作者的探针与手术器械进入方向与深度,实时观察清宫过程,并评价清宫术的效果.结果:超声引导下一次清宫成功105例(97.22%,105/108).无子宫穿孔.结论:实时超声引导下清宫术减少操作的盲目性,定位准确,方法简单,成功率高,值得推广.

  19. Não vou esquecer nunca!: a experiência feminina com o abortamento induzido "No lo olvidaré nunca!": la experiencia femenina en el aborto inducido "I'll never forget it!": women's experience with induced abortion

    Ivanilda Lacerda Pedrosa


    Full Text Available Utilizando a abordagem do Interacionismo Simbólico, objetivamos verificar os significados atribuídos ao abortamento induzido por mulheres que adotaram essa conduta e analisar seu impacto sobre o autoconceito dessas mulheres. Nos resultados, evidenciamos a contraditoriedade dos discursos das mulheres ao avaliar a experiência, e as reações emocionais que relataram, tais como remorso/consciência pesada, arrependimento, sensação de perda e, principalmente, culpa que, segundo suas narrativas, carregariam para o resto de suas vidas.Teniendo como base el abordaje del Interaccionismo Simbólico, se pretendió averiguar cuales los significados atribuidos al aborto inducido por mujeres que optaron por esa conducta y analizar el impacto de dicha experiencia en su autoconcepto. En los resultados obtenidos se destacan la contradicción de sus discursos al evaluar la experiencia, y las reacciones emocionales que habían desarrollado, dentro de las cuales fueron relatadas remordimiento/conciencia pesada, arrepentimiento, sensación de perdida y principalmente, la culpabilidad que según sus relatos, llevarían para toda la vida.Based on the symbolic interactionist approach, we aimed to verify the meanings attributed to induced abortion by women who adopted such behavior as well as to analyze the impact of the experience on their self-image. The results point out the contradiction in women's discourse when they evaluate the experience, and the emotional negative reactions they had developed: remorse/guilty conscience, regret, feeling of grief, and mainly guilt, which, according to their accounts, they will carry for the rest of their lives.

  20. RHIC Abort Kicker Prefire Report

    Tan, Y. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.; Perlstein, S. [Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Collider-Accelerator Dept.


    In an attempt to discover any pattern to prefire events, abort prefire kicker data from 2007 to the present day have been recorded. With the 2014 operations concluding, this comprises 8 years of prefire data. Any activities that the Pulsed Power Group did to decrease prefire occurrences were recorded as well, but some information may be missing. The following information is a compilation of the research to date.

  1. 人工流产综合征的临床分析%The clinical analysis of artificial abortion syndrome

    马莉; 童德梅


    目的:探讨人工流产综合征的临床表现、危险因素及预后。方法:回顾性分析1000例施行人工流产术患者的临床资料。结果:1000例患者中发生人工流产综合征38例(3.8%)。初孕妇相比经孕妇发生率高,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),传统人工流产术相比无痛人工流产术发生率高,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:采用无痛人工流产术、加强对患者心理疏导,术中操作轻柔均能减少人工流产综合征发生率。%Objective:To observe and explore the clinical features,prognosis and risk factors of artificial abortion syndrome. Methods:Retrospective analysis of clinical data in 1 000 induced abortion syndrome patients.Results:There are 38 artificial abortion syndrome patients in the 1 000 patients,the incidence of artificial abortion syndrome is 3.8% .The induced abortion syndrome incidence rate in the multigravida was lower than that in the primigravida,and there was statistically significant(P<0.05).The induced abortion syndrome incidence rate in the painless induced abortion was lower than that in traditional induced abortion,and there was statistically significant(P<0.01).Conclusion:Using the painless artificial abortion,strengthen guidance on psychology of patients and operation gentle can reduce the incidence of artificial abortion syndrome.

  2. The anesthetic efficacy of dexmedetomidine combined with nitrous oxide in induced abortion%右美托咪定对氧化亚氮在人工流产中镇痛效应的影响

    夏薇; 郑彬; 佘守章


    目的 研究右美托咪啶(Dex)对氧化亚氮(N2O)在人工流产中镇痛效应的影响.方法 选择门诊自愿要求人工流产终止妊娠的妇女100例(ASA Ⅰ~Ⅱ),分为5组,Dex联合N2O组(D1、D2、D3、D4组)及单纯N2O组(C组),每组20例.D1、D2、D3、D4组分别单次静注Dex 0.2、0.4、0.6、0.8 μg/kg,观察给Dex前,输注Dex后即刻,5 min和 10 min,N2O吸入1 min即刻,人工流产手术开始后1、3 min,人工流产手术结束时手术妇女的SBP、DBP、SpO2、HR、RR、BIS值的变化,并进行RRS镇静评分;手术结束时进行VAS疼痛评分、满意度综合评分,记录可能出现的不良反应.结果 加用Dex后,D1、D2、D3、D4组手术妇女BIS值均低于C组(P<0.05),D2、D3、D4组手术妇女的RRS镇静评分高于C组(P<0.05),且与Dex剂量相关;联合用药后手术妇女的VAS疼痛评分明显降低,满意度综合评分显著增加(P<0.05),其中D2、D3组镇痛效应增强53.5%~65.3%,BIS值与增加N2O吸入浓度无关;D2、D3、D4组出现窦性心动过缓病例数分别为1例(5%)、3例(15%)、5例(25%).结论 应用Dex单次静脉泵注联合50%N2O与50%氧气混合气体面罩吸入有助于提高人工流产手术中的镇静镇痛效果,临床推荐Dex 0.4 μg/kg为联合N2O应用的最佳剂量.%Objective To evaluate the sedative and analgesic efficacy of dexmedetomidine (Dex) combined with nitrous oxide in induced abortion. Methods One hundred women seeking induced abortions were recruited and assigned into 5 groups ( n = 20). Patients in the control group ( C) and the other 4 groups ( D1 , D2, D3 and D4 ) were given intravenous administration of normal saline and Dex of 0. 2, 0. 4, 0. 6 and 0. 8 μg/kg in 10 min, respectively, before inhaling nitrous oxide. SBP, DBP, SpO2, HR, RR, BIS and RRS score were recorded before Dex infusion, and 0 min, 5 min and 10 min after Dex infusion, and 1 min after nitrous oxide inhalation, and at 1 min, 3 min and the ending of the operation. The

  3. Clinical application of ephedrine combined propofol and fentanyl in painless induced abortion%丙泊酚芬太尼复合麻黄碱在无痛人工流产中的应用

    魏晓; 林赛娟; 黄守国; 田国刚


    Objective To observe the effect of ephedrine combined propofol and fentanyl in painless induced abortion.Methods Eighty cases of patients (ASA Ⅰ) who apply painless induced abortion were randomly divided into two groups:observation group and control group,each group with 40 cases.Both of the groups were given fentanyl 1 μ g/kg and propofol 2 mg/kg with 2 mg/ml lidocaine; then observation group was given 0.08-0.15 mg/kg ephedrine according to the blood pressure.The heart rate,blood pressure and pulse oximetry (SpO2) of preinduction,3 min and 5 min after induction and 3 min after surgery and the recovery time was observed.Results There was no significant difference about heart rate,blood pressure and SpO2 preinduction,but there was significant difference on 3 min and 5 min after induction in control group in contrast to preinduction [(69.80 ± 7.08),(65.18 ± 5.16) times/min vs.(83.65 ± 8.12)times/min and (86.65 ± 8.60),(90.73 ± 8.35) mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa) vs.(128.45 ± 11.83) mmHg] (P < 0.05),while observation group kept stable; there was no significant difference about SpO2 and recovery time in both groups.Conclusion It is safe and effective to use ephedrine combined propofol and fentanyl in painless induced abortion.%目的 观察丙泊酚、芬太尼复合麻黄碱在无痛人工流产手术中的效果及安全性.方法 选择自愿申请无痛人工流产手术患者80例,ASA Ⅰ级,随机分为观察组和对照组,每组40例,两组均静脉推注芬太尼1μg/kg,丙泊酚2 mg/kg(其中加入2 mg/ml利多卡因)后,观察组视血压波动追加麻黄碱0.08~ 0.15 mg/kg,观察并记录患者诱导前,诱导后3、5 min及术后3 min心率、收缩压、脉搏血氧饱和度(SpO2)及清醒恢复时间.结果 两组诱导前心率、收缩压及SpO2比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),对照组在诱导后3 min及5 min较诱导前心率、收缩压降低明显[(69.80±7.08)、(65.18±5.16)次/min比(83.65±8.12)次/min和(86.65±8.60)、(90

  4. Maternal outcome of pregnancy in Mozambique with special reference to abortion-related morbidity and mortality


    In the capital city of one of the least developed countries, and using a hospital-based approach: The general aim was to characterise women who have undergone illegally and legally induced abortions, and to show the magnitude of both maternal mortality and abortion-related severe morbidity in adolescents and non-adolescents, in order to call the attention of decision-makers and health planners to this hazardous reality. Methods: In the Department of Gynaecology and Obst...

  5. Effects of sera taken from women with recurrent spontaneous abortion on sperm motility and apoptosis


    Background: Recurrent spontaneous abortion impacts almost 1% of couples. The sera from women with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA) have toxic effects on embryos that grow in the uterus. Therefore, the abnormal condition of the uterus may also affect sperm qualities. Objective: The objectives of this study were to search if these sera could induce DNA denaturation in sperm nuclei and also it could reduce sperm motility. Materials and Methods: Sera of 20 women with URSA history...

  6. Differential Impact of Abortion on Adolescents and Adults.

    Franz, Wanda; Reardon, David


    Compared adolescent and adult reactions to abortion among 252 women. Compared to adults, adolescents were significantly more likely to be dissatisfied with choice of abortion and with services received, to have abortions later in gestational period, to feel forced by circumstances to have abortion, to report being misinformed at time of abortion,…

  7. Sublingual misoprostol versus standard surgical care for treatment of incomplete abortion in five sub-Saharan African countries

    Shochet Tara


    Full Text Available Abstract Background In low-resource settings, where abortion is highly restricted and self-induced abortions are common, access to post-abortion care (PAC services, especially treatment of incomplete terminations, is a priority. Standard post-abortion care has involved surgical intervention but can be hard to access in these areas. Misoprostol provides an alternative to surgical intervention that could increase access to abortion care. We sought to gather additional evidence regarding the efficacy of 400 mcg of sublingual misoprostol vs. standard surgical care for treatment of incomplete abortion in the environments where need for economical non-surgical treatments may be most useful. Methods A total of 860 women received either sublingual misoprostol or standard surgical care for treatment of incomplete abortion in a multi-site randomized trial. Women with confirmed incomplete abortion, defined as past or present history of vaginal bleeding during pregnancy and an open cervical os, were eligible to participate. Participants returned for follow-up one week later to confirm clinical status. If abortion was incomplete at that time, women were offered an additional follow-up visit or immediate surgical evacuation. Results Both misoprostol and surgical evacuation are highly effective treatments for incomplete abortion (misoprostol: 94.4%, surgical: 100.0%. Misoprostol treatment resulted in a somewhat lower chance of success than standard surgical practice (RR = 0.90; 95% CI: 0.89-0.92. Both tolerability of side effects and women’s satisfaction were similar in the two study arms. Conclusion Misoprostol, much easier to provide than surgery in low-resource environments, can be used safely, successfully, and satisfactorily for treatment of incomplete abortion. Focus should shift to program implementation, including task-shifting the provision of post-abortion care to mid- and low- level providers, training and assurance of drug availability. Trial

  8. Modeling the process leading to abortion: an application to French survey data.

    Rossier, Clémentine; Michelot, François; Bajos, Nathalie


    In this study, we model women's recourse to induced abortion as resulting from a process that starts with sexual intercourse and contraceptive use (or nonuse), continues with the occurrence of an unintended pregnancy, and ends with the woman's decision to terminate the pregnancy and her access to abortion services. Our model includes two often-neglected proximate determinants of abortion: sexual practices and access to abortion services. We relate three sociodemographic characteristics--women's educational level, their relationship status, and their age--step by step to the stages of the abortion process. We apply our framework using data from the COCON survey, a national survey on reproductive health conducted in France in 2000. Our model shows that sociodemographic variables may have opposite impacts as the abortion process unfolds. For example, women's educational level can be positively linked to the probability of practicing contraception but negatively linked to the propensity to carry the unintended pregnancy to term. This conceptual framework brings together knowledge that is currently dispersed in the literature and helps to identify the source of abortion-rate differentials.

  9. From unwanted pregnancy to safe abortion: Sharing information about abortion in Asia through animation.

    Krishnan, Shweta; Dalvie, Suchitra


    Although unsafe abortion continues to be a leading cause of maternal mortality in many countries in Asia, the right to safe abortion remains highly stigmatized across the region. The Asia Safe Abortion Partnership, a regional network advocating for safe abortion, produced an animated short film entitled From Unwanted Pregnancy to Safe Abortion to show in conferences, schools and meetings in order to share knowledge about the barriers to safe abortion in Asia and to facilitate conversations on the right to safe abortion. This paper describes the making of this film, its objectives, content, dissemination and how it has been used. Our experience highlights the advantages of using animated films in addressing highly politicized and sensitive issues like abortion. Animation helped to create powerful advocacy material that does not homogenize the experiences of women across a diverse region, and at the same time emphasize the need for joint activities that express solidarity.

  10. An unusual complication of unsafe abortion

    Sunita Gupta


    Full Text Available Unsafe abortion is a significant medical and social problem worldwide. In developing countries, most of the unsafe abortions are performed by untrained personnel leading to high mortality and morbidity. Case Report: A 30 year-old female, gravida 7, para 6 underwent uterine evacuation for heavy bleeding per vaginum following intake of abortifacient to abort a 14 weeks gestation. The procedure was performed at a rural setup and her bowel was pulled out of the introitus through the perforated wound, an unusual complication of unsafe abortion. Illiteracy, unawareness about health services, and easy accessibility to untrained abortion providers lead to very high mortality and morbidity in India. There is unmet need to bring awareness among the people about the safe and effective methods of contraception and abortion services to avoid such complications.

  11. Early pregnancy angiogenic markers and spontaneous abortion

    Andersen, Louise B; Dechend, Ralf; Karumanchi, S Ananth


    BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion is the most commonly observed adverse pregnancy outcome. The angiogenic factors soluble Fms-like kinase 1 and placental growth factor are critical for normal pregnancy and may be associated to spontaneous abortion. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between...... maternal serum concentrations of soluble Fms-like kinase 1 and placental growth factor, and subsequent spontaneous abortion. STUDY DESIGN: In the prospective observational Odense Child Cohort, 1676 pregnant women donated serum in early pregnancy, gestational week ..., interquartile range 71-103). Concentrations of soluble Fms-like kinase 1 and placental growth factor were determined with novel automated assays. Spontaneous abortion was defined as complete or incomplete spontaneous abortion, missed abortion, or blighted ovum

  12. Women’s demand for late-term abortion: A social or psychiatric issue?

    Nikolić Gordana


    Full Text Available Introduction/Aim. Induced termination of unwanted pregnancy after 12th gestational week (late-term abortion is legally restricted in Serbia as well as in many other countries. On the other hand, unwanted pregnancy very often brings women into the state of personal crisis. Psychiatric indications for legally approved late-term abortion on women’s demand include only severe psychiatric disorders. The aim of this paper was to compare sociodemographic, psychological characteristics and claimed reasons for abortion in the two groups of women with late-term demand for abortion - the group of women satisfying legally prescribed mental health indications, and the group of women not satisfying these indications. The aim of the study was also to determine predictive validity of the abovementioned parameters for late-term abortion as the outcome of unwanted pregnancy. Methods. A total of 62 pregnant women with demand for late-term abortion were divided into two groups according to the criteria of satisfying or not satisfying legally proposed psychiatric indications for late-term abortion after psychiatric evaluation. For the assessment of sociodemographic and psychological parameters sociodemographic questionnaire and symptom checklist - 90 revised (SCL-90® scale were used, respectively. The outcome of unwanted pregnancy was followed 6 months after the initial assessment. Results. The obtained results showed a statistically significant difference between the groups in educational level, satisfaction with financial situation, elevated anxiety and distress reactions. Unfavorable social circumstances were the main reason for an abortion in both groups and were predictive for an abortion. A 6-month follow-up showed that women had abortion despite legal restrictions. Conclusion. Pregnant women with psychiatric indication for late-term abortion belong to lower socioeconomic and educational level group compared to women without this indication who have more

  13. The experience of women with abortion during adolescence as demanded by their mothers

    Selisvane Ribeiro da Fonseca Domingos


    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to understand the experience of women who induced an abortion during adolescence as demanded by their mothers. METHOD: qualitative study with a social phenomenology approach conducted in 2010 with three women through interviews with open questions. RESULTS: the participants tried to hide their pregnancies from their mothers and when the mothers found out about the pregnancies they decide to interrupt it, demanding that their daughters have an abortion, which was performed in an unsafe manner, regardless of the adolescents' desire. After the abortion, the adolescents experienced suffering, guilt, and regret for not having fought against their mothers' decisions. These women expect to be autonomous to make their own decisions, take care of their own health and become pregnant again. CONCLUSION: the study evidenced the decision for an abortion was centered on the adolescents' mothers, a result that deserves to be further explored in future research deepening the relationship established between daughter and mother in the situation of an induced abortion. We suggest the creation of opportunities for the triad of health professional/adolescent/family to dialogue, especially the mother, who in the context of family relations, can help the daughter to safely deal with an early pregnancy and prevent it instead of influencing the adolescent to induce an abortion.

  14. Further Tests of Abortion and Crime


    The inverse relationship between abortion and crime has spurred new research and much controversy. If the relationship is causal, then polices that increased abortion have generated enormous external benefits from reduced crime. In previous papers, I argued that evidence for a casual relationship is weak and incomplete. In this paper, I conduct a number of new analyses intended to address criticisms of my earlier work. First, I examine closely the effects of changes in abortion rates between ...

  15. Conscientious refusal to assist with abortion.

    Dooley, D


    Abortion is a moral issue affecting the identity and integrity of physicians and nurses. Ethical reasoning helps reasonable and sincere people who do not agree on abortion to understand the sources of disagreement and to explore shared principles in the differences. Discussions of abortion cannot be limited to the conflict between the rights of a woman to control her reproduction and the rights of a fetus to live. Religious, cultural, feminist, and political beliefs must also be considered. This complexity must be considered when examining whether physicians and nurses have rights to refuse to assist in abortion on conscientious grounds. People with fundamentally different moral outlooks already determine what is morally right or wrong, good or evil. Health professionals who refuse to assist in abortion base their decision on beliefs about moral duties, injunctions of natural law, and the essentially nonnegotiable rights of people to be protected from intentional harm. They know and regret the adverse effects for pregnant women but there is no compelling motivation to change their opposition to abortion. There is no morally neutral position from which to judge conscientious refusals in abortion. Society should develop a position that respects autonomy of belief and grants the right to physicians and nurses to conscientiously refuse to assist in abortions. In those countries where the abortion law grants physicians the right to refuse but not nurses, society needs to reflect on why nurses have been accorded second class professional and moral status. In those countries which have not yet formulated an abortion law, the government should consider how it can find enough health workers who will in good conscience assist in abortions. Governments must first seriously consider a presumptive right to conscientious refusal in abortion before health systems can redistribute sectors of responsibility among health workers and implement changes in recruitment policies for

  16. Association between Nutritional Status with Spontaneous Abortion

    Ahmadi, Rahimeh; Ziaei, Saeideh; Parsay, Sosan


    Background Spontaneous abortion is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. We aimed to investigate a possible link between nutrient deficiencies and the risk of spontaneous abortion. Materials and Methods This case-control study included the case group (n=331) experiencing a spontaneous abortion before 14 weeks of pregnancy and the control group (n=331) who were healthy pregnant women over 14 weeks of pregnancy. The participants filled out Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), in which they ...

  17. Association between Nutritional Status with Spontaneous Abortion

    Rahimeh Ahmadi; Saeideh Ziaei; Sosan Parsay


    Background: Spontaneous abortion is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. We aimed to investigate a possible link between nutrient deficiencies and the risk of spontaneous abortion. Materials and Methods: This case-control study included the case group (n=331) experiencing a spontaneous abortion before 14 weeks of pregnancy and the control group (n=331) who were healthy pregnant women over 14 weeks of pregnancy. The participants filled out Food Frequency Questionnaire (...

  18. Therapeutic abortion follow-up study.

    Margolis, A J; Davison, L A; Hanson, K H; Loos, S A; Mikkelsen, C M


    To determine the long-range psychological effects of therapeutic abortion, 50 women (aged from 13-44 years), who were granted abortions between 1967 and 1968 Because of possible impairment of mental and/or physical health, were analyzed by use of demographic questionnaires, psychological tests, and interviews. Testing revealed that 44 women had psychiatric problems at time of abortion. 43 patients were followed for 3-6 months. The follow-up interviews revealed that 29 patients reacted positively after abortion, 10 reported no significant change and 4 reacted negatively. 37 would definitely repeat the abortion. Women under 21 years of age felt substantially more ambivalent and guilty than older patients. A study of 36 paired pre- and post-abortion profiles showed that 15 initially abnormal tests had become normal. There was a significant increase in contraceptive use among the patients after the abortion, but 4 again became pregnant and 8 were apparently without consistent contraception. It is concluded that the abortions were therapeutic, but physicians are encouraged to be aware of psychological problems in abortion cases. Strong psychological and contraceptive counselling should be exercised.

  19. Abortion in Iranian legal system: a review.

    Mahmoud Abbasi


    Full Text Available Abortion traditionally means, "to miscarry" and is still known as a problem which societies has been trying to reduce its rate by using legal means. Despite the pregnant women and fetuses have being historically supported; abortion was firstly criminalized in 1926 in Iran, 20 years after establishment of modern legal system. During next 53 years this situation changed dramatically, so in 1979, the time of Islamic Revolution, aborting fetuses before 12 weeks and therapeutic abortion (TA during all the pregnancy length was legitimate, based on regulations that used medical justification. After 1979 the situation changed into a totally conservative and restrictive approach and new Islamic concepts as "Blood Money" and "Ensoulment" entered the legal debates around abortion. During the next 33 years, again a trend of decriminalization for the act of abortion has been continuing. Reduction of punishments and omitting retaliation for criminal abortions, recognizing fetal and maternal medical indications including some immunologic problems as legitimate reasons for aborting fetuses before 4 months and omitting the fathers' consent as a necessary condition for TA are among these changes. The start point for this decriminalization process was public and professional need, which was responded by religious government, firstly by issuing juristic rulings (Fatwas as a non-official way, followed by ratification of "Therapeutic Abortion Act" (TAA and other regulations as an official pathway. Here, we have reviewed this trend of decriminalization, the role of public and professional request in initiating such process and the rule-based language of TAA.

  20. Abortion training to be required in standard Ob / Gyn curriculum.


    On February 15, (1995) the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education announced that it will now require medical schools seeking accreditation to provide abortion training for all residents in obstetrics and gynecology. The new "Program Requirements for Residency Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology," approved unanimously, will take effect on January 1, 1996. According to the Council, the newly issued standards are the first to refer specifically to abortion. The language states, "Experience with induced abortion must be part of residency training, except for residents with moral or religious objections .... Experience with management of complications of abortion must be provided to all residents." The Council also mandates that if a medical school itself has "a religious, moral or legal" objection to teaching the procedure, it must "ensure that residents ... who do not have a religious or moral objection receive education and experience in performing abortion at another institution." Other revisions provide for expanded resident education in "primary and preventive care," due to the fact that many women rely on their obstetricians and gynecologists as their primary care physicians, as well as additional training experience in family planning, including "all reversible methods of contraception" and sterilization. In order to be certified by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ob/gyns must graduate from an accredited residency program. In addition, teaching hospitals must be accredited to secure federal reimbursements for the medical services patients receive from residents. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education operates under the aegis of the American Medical Association, the American Board of Medical Specialties, the American Hospital Association, the Association of American Medical Colleges, and the Council of Medical Specialty Societies. Both the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the American College of

  1. Abortion Decision and Ambivalence: Insights via an Abortion Decision Balance Sheet

    Allanson, Susie


    Decision ambivalence is a key concept in abortion literature, but has been poorly operationalised. This study explored the concept of decision ambivalence via an Abortion Decision Balance Sheet (ADBS) articulating reasons both for and against terminating an unintended pregnancy. Ninety-six women undergoing an early abortion for psychosocial…

  2. Medical abortion practices : a survey of National Abortion Federation members in the United States

    Wiegerinck, Melanie M. J.; Jones, Heidi E.; O'Connell, Katharine; Lichtenberg, E. Steve; Paul, Maureen; Westhoff, Carolyn L.


    Background: Little is known about clinical implementation of medical abortion in the United States following approval of mifepristone as an abortifacient by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2000. We collected information regarding medical abortion practices of National Abortion Federation (

  3. Knowledge and attitude of schoolgirls about illegal abortions in Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo

    Lussy J. Paluku


    Full Text Available Background: Adolescent sexual activity, early pregnancy, induced abortion and the increase in HIV infection have become major concerns in sub-Saharan Africa and understanding adolescent sexual behaviour remains a challenge. In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, the practice of illegal abortions is prevalent among school-going adolescent girls with unplanned pregnancies. Assessing their attitude and knowledge on the subject could be a starting point from which to address the problem.Objectives: To determine the knowledge of schoolgirls in Goma, DRC about the health consequences of illegal abortions and to assess their attitude towards these abortions.Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among a randomly selected sample of 328 high school girls aged 16 to 20 years. A pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Nine out of 55 (11 public and 44 private secondary schools were randomly selected for inclusion in the study. The Epi-Info 2000 computer program was used for data capturing and analysis.Results: The different sources of information were the radio (66.2%, 217, friends (31.7%, 104, parents (1.5%, 5, and the church (0.5%, 2. The health consequences of illegal abortion mentioned were death, infertility, infection and bleeding. Of the participants, 9.8% (32 had committed an abortion before and 46% (151 knew where to obtain it; 76.2% (250 of participants were against illegal abortion, while 23.8% (78 supported it.Conclusion: Girls in secondary school in Goma had good knowledge of the illegal abortion practice and its consequences. A fifth of them were in support of the procedure. The DRC government may need to consider legalising abortion to secure a healthy future for affected girls.

  4. Sodium Prasterone Sulfate in the application of induced abortion of midtrimester pregnancy%硫酸普拉酮钠在中孕引产前的应用

    李蓉; 洪珊儿


    Objective The observation of Sodium Prasterone Sulfate used in pregnant cervical ripening before induction of labor, the impact of the birth process. Methods Selected in January 2006 to December 2008 treated at our hospital 160 cases of benefit in pregnancy induced rivanol (hereinafter referred to in the primers), which cited 80 cases before the application of Sodium Prasterone Sulfate intravenous injection three days as the observation group , in the primer before the application is not using one of sodium sulfate Pula 80 cases of intravenous injection as a control group, the birth process were observed. Result Observer Group capacity, journey time 1.88 hours for the 9 people in the control group 1.21 hours for 17 people, there is significant difference. Conclusions Sodium Prasterone Sulfate and progesterone in the induction of labor before the application can be cervical ripening, so that to shorten the birth process, it is worth to promote the application of clinical.%目的 观察硫酸普拉酮钠应用于中孕引产前促宫颈成熟,对产程的影响. 方法 选取在2006年1月~2008年12月在本院收治的160例利凡诺尔中孕引产 (以下简称中引),其中80例中引前应用硫酸普拉酮钠静脉推注3天作为观察组,中引前未应用硫酸普拉酮钠静脉推注80例做为对照组,观察两组的产程.结果 观察组产程时间为9±1.88小时,对照组为17±1.21小时,有显著差异. 结论 硫酸普拉酮钠在中孕引产前应用,可促宫颈成熟,使产程缩短,值得临床推广应用.

  5. ACOG Committee opinion no. 612: Abortion training and education.


    Access to safe abortion hinges upon the availability of trained abortion providers. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports education for students in health care fields as well as clinical training for residents and advanced practice clinicians in abortion care in order to increase the availability of trained abortion providers. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the expansion of abortion education and an increase in the number and types of trained abortion providers in order to ensure women's access to safe abortions. Integrated medical education and universal opt-out training policies help to lessen the stigma of abortion provision and improve access by increasing the number of abortion providers. This Committee Opinion reviews the current status of abortion education, describes initiatives to ensure the availability of appropriate and up-to-date abortion training, and recommends efforts for integrating and improving abortion education in medical schools, residency programs, and advanced practice clinician training programs.

  6. Aftershocks: The Impact of Clinic Violence on Abortion Services


    Between 1973 and 2003, abortion providers in the United States were the targets of over 300 acts of extreme violence. Using unique data on attacks and on abortions, abortion providers, and births, we examine how anti-abortion violence has affected providers' decisions to perform abortions and women's decisions about whether and where to terminate a pregnancy. We find that clinic violence reduces abortion services in targeted areas. Once travel is taken into account, however, the overall effec...

  7. Shuttle Abort Flight Management (SAFM) - Application Overview

    Hu, Howard; Straube, Tim; Madsen, Jennifer; Ricard, Mike


    One of the most demanding tasks that must be performed by the Space Shuttle flight crew is the process of determining whether, when and where to abort the vehicle should engine or system failures occur during ascent or entry. Current Shuttle abort procedures involve paging through complicated paper checklists to decide on the type of abort and where to abort. Additional checklists then lead the crew through a series of actions to execute the desired abort. This process is even more difficult and time consuming in the absence of ground communications since the ground flight controllers have the analysis tools and information that is currently not available in the Shuttle cockpit. Crew workload specifically abort procedures will be greatly simplified with the implementation of the Space Shuttle Cockpit Avionics Upgrade (CAU) project. The intent of CAU is to maximize crew situational awareness and reduce flight workload thru enhanced controls and displays, and onboard abort assessment and determination capability. SAFM was developed to help satisfy the CAU objectives by providing the crew with dynamic information about the capability of the vehicle to perform a variety of abort options during ascent and entry. This paper- presents an overview of the SAFM application. As shown in Figure 1, SAFM processes the vehicle navigation state and other guidance information to provide the CAU displays with evaluations of abort options, as well as landing site recommendations. This is accomplished by three main SAFM components: the Sequencer Executive, the Powered Flight Function, and the Glided Flight Function, The Sequencer Executive dispatches the Powered and Glided Flight Functions to evaluate the vehicle's capability to execute the current mission (or current abort), as well as more than IS hypothetical abort options or scenarios. Scenarios are sequenced and evaluated throughout powered and glided flight. Abort scenarios evaluated include Abort to Orbit (ATO), Transatlantic

  8. Prediction of late failure after medical abortion from serial beta-hCG measurements and ultrasonography

    Rørbye, C; Nørgaard, M; Nilas, Lisbeth


    BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of failed medical abortion may be performed several weeks after initiation of the abortion. There are no recognized methods for early identification of these late failures. We assessed the prognostic values of beta-hCG and ultrasonography in predicting late failure...... after medical abortion. METHODS: A total of 694 consecutive women with gestational age (GA) CG measurements initially on the day of treatment and on day 8 and day 15, after the medically induced abortion with mifepristone and gemeprost. Measurement of the endometrial...... and relative beta-hCG levels and different endometrial thickness were analysed. RESULTS: Of all failures in the study period, 65% (32) were diagnosed after the 2 week follow-up, and categorized as late failures. The absolute and the relative beta-hCG values on days 8 and 15 as well as the endometrial thickness...

  9. Abortion and infant mortality before and after the 1973 US Supreme Court decision on abortion.

    Robertson, L S


    The 50 states of the US were compared in 1971-72 and 1974-75 with respect to percentage apparent conceptions aborted and infant mortality rates attributed to various causes. Only nonvehicle accidental deaths were consistently related to abortion. The correlation is nonlinear; nonvehicle accidental deaths were especially high in states with little or no abortion. A decline in nonvehicle accidental deaths from before to after the Supreme Court decision was most pronounced in states where there were fewest abortions before the decision and where increases in abortion followed the decision.

  10. Adolescents and Abortion: Choice in Crisis.

    Stone, Rebecca

    This publication seeks to explain the many facets of adolescent abortion: teenagers' need for access to safe abortion; the need for confidentiality in order to ensure safety; the real intent and effect of parental involvement laws; and the roles of parents and the state in safeguarding the health of pregnant teenagers. The first section looks at…

  11. Abortion: The Viewpoint of Potential Consumers

    Hamrick, Michael H.; And Others


    A college survey showed strong support by a majority for legalized abortion, governmental support of abortion and family planning services, voluntary sterilization, and sex education and birth control information and/or services in the schools. Important differences of opinion among subgroups were, however, indicated. (Author/MJB)

  12. Provokeret abort og stratificeret reproduktion i Danmark

    Gammeltoft, Tine; Rasch, Vibeke; Knudsen, Lisbeth B.


    Hvorfor får kvinder med indvandrerbaggrund dobbelt så mange provokerede aborter som andre kvinder i Danmark? Det var udgangsspørgsmålet for det forskningsprojekt, denne artikel er baseret på. Artiklens argument er, at når nogle grupper af minoritetskvinder får flere aborter end andre kvinder i...

  13. Violence against abortion increases in US clinics.

    Roberts, J


    In the US, violence against abortion clinics is escalating. In July 1994, a doctor who performed abortions and one of his escorts was gunned down outside of an abortion clinic. In March of 1993, another doctor was killed outside of a clinic. That killing prompted passage of a federal law designed to protect abortion providers and clinics from violence. In addition to the individuals murdered, the number of violent incidents against abortion clinics increased four-fold to 250 in 1993. Some elderly physicians feel compelled to continue to perform the procedure instead of retiring because there are no young practitioners to replace them. These physicians note that the young practitioners have no experience with the deaths and illness which resulted from illegal abortions and have not been properly trained by their medical schools. The US Attorney General has dispatched federal marshalls to guard abortion clinics, and local police are increasing their protection of clinics. Abortion protestors say that the new federal law will cause some formerly peaceful protestors to resort to violence.

  14. Fetal Pain, Abortion, Viability and the Constitution

    Cohen, I. Glenn; Sayeed, Sadath Ali


    In early 2010, the Nebraska state legislature passed a new abortion restricting law asserting a new, compelling state interest in preventing fetal pain. In this article, we review existing constitutional abortion doctrine and note difficulties presented by persistent legal attention to a socially derived viability construct. We then offer a substantive biological, ethical, and legal critique of the new fetal pain rationale.

  15. Fetal pain, abortion, viability, and the Constitution.

    Cohen, I Glenn; Sayeed, Sadath


    In early 2010, the Nebraska state legislature passed a new abortion restricting law asserting a new, compelling state interest in preventing fetal pain. In this article, we review existing constitutional abortion doctrine and note difficulties presented by persistent legal attention to a socially derived viability construct. We then offer a substantive biological, ethical, and legal critique of the new fetal pain rationale.

  16. Abortion 1982: the Supreme Court once again.

    Healey, J M


    Clearly, abortion in the US continues to be a major medico-legal issue which will not go away. 5 major abortion cases are scheduled for review by the US Supreme Court during its 1982-83 term. Taken together, these 5 cases challenge several of the key conclusions of the Court's review of the abortion question. The primary focus of the cases is the state's power to regulate the abortion decision during the 1st and 2nd trimester of the pregnancy. 2 cases involve ordinances passed by the City of Akron regulating access to abortion in areas such as consent and notification requirements and the location of abortions after the 1st trimester. 2 of the cases involve a Missouri statute also dealing with the requirement that abortions after the 1st trimester be performed in a hospital. The final case involves a Virginia criminal prosecution of a physician accused of violating the state's requirement of in-hospital performance of a 2nd trimester abortion. In the case of Roe v. Wade, the Court had established the "trimester trilogy" governing state regulation of the abortion procedure. For the stage of the pregnancy prior to the end of the 1st trimester, the Court held that the abortion decision and its effectuation must be left to the medical judgment of the pregnant women's attending physician. For the stage of the pregnancy subsequent to the end of the 1st trimester, the Court ruled that the state may promote its interest in the health of the mother by regulating the abortion procedure in ways reasonably related to maternal health. For the stage of pregnancy subsequent to viability, the state may promote its interest in the potentiality of human life by regulation, even prohibiting abortion, except where it is necessary to preserve the mother's life or health. These 5 cases challenge the role of the Court in determining the scope of appropriate state regulation at various stages of the pregnancy. Suffering a loss of prestige in the 10 years since the Roe v. Wade and Doe v

  17. [Counter-acception or abort and lie].

    Maruani, G


    In this very short but fiery and violent paper against abortion the author states that most women seeking abortion are actually lying to themselves, pretending they want something which, in reality, they do not want, i.e. an abortion. The laws regulating abortion in most countries are such that a woman is practically forbidden to make an independent decision, despite, or because of the number of counseling sessions and of meetings with doctors that she must go through. Radio, television, newspapers and magazines, friends and relatives, all contribute to make of abortion a run-of-the-mill operation, while it should be seen as scandal, and as the total negation of any maternal instinct.

  18. [Therapeutic abortion, unjustified absence in health policy].

    Chávez-Alvarado, Susana


    Although abortion for health reasons is not considered a crime in Peru, the State does not allow its inclusion in public policy, thus violating women's right to terminate a pregnancy when it affects their health. When examining the article in the Criminal Code which decriminalizes this type of abortion, provisions are identified which protect women and set the conditions to offer this type of service. This document sets the debate about the arguments used by the Peruvian State for not approving a therapeutic abortion protocol which would regulate the provision and financing of therapeutic abortion in public services, and explains why this obligation should be complied with, based on the conceptual framework of "health exception" In addition, it presents two cases brought before the judicial court in which the Peruvian State was found guilty of violating the human rights of two adolescents to whom a therapeutic abortion was denied.

  19. Major trends in recent abortion research.

    Van Der Tak, J


    Abortion research continues actively. 1 finding has been that abortion has distinct regional features. In Western Europe the rights of the woman in relation to the rights of the fetus are under study while Eastern European researchers examine the effect of long standing available abortion on birthrates, women's health, subsequent pregnancies, and contraceptive use. The increase in illegal abortion shows that improved health and contraceptive services, better data, and changes in restrictive laws are necessary. Changes in the laws, either from less to more liberal or the opposite, have brought about national studies of subsequent trends in abortion, maternal and infant mortality, service facilities, contraceptive practice and fertility. The technique of menstrual regulation, performed within 14 days of a missed menstrual period and before pregnancy can be determined, has created new research problems. It raises the questions of whether menstrual regulation can legally be considered an abortion and whether effectiveness rates can be reliably determined if a large proportion of the women are not even pregnant. The relative risks of menstrual regulation in very early pregnancy and vacuum aspiration and dilation and curretage at a later stage are now being researched. The World Health Organization is planning research of the psychosocial aspects of the relationship between the users and providers of abortion services. Also receiving research attention is the incidence of repeat abortions and the effects of an abortion refused. The fact that overall birthrates have not been substantially changed by the liberalization of abortion laws in the last 20 years appears to be associated with the improvement of contraceptive methods.

  20. Over the counter sale of drugs for medical abortion- Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of pharmacists of Delhi, India

    Archana Mishra


    Full Text Available Introduction: Despite the well defined law and highly liberal policy Government approved medical facilities are not the leading provider of abortion in Indian Scenario. Whether legally or not Pharmacists are already acting as provider of medical abortion for large number of women in India. Dispense of Medical abortion drugs via pharmacist has the advantages of convenience, relative anonymity, hasty transaction, easy accessibility and saving cost.Aims and Objectives: Objective of present study was to assess the over the counter sale of medical abortion in terms of knowledge, attitude and practices of pharmacists of Delhi, India.Material and Methods: It was a cross sectional interview based study conducted in 110 pharmacies of 6 districts of State of Delhi.Results: A total of 75 pharmacists and 35 pharmacy workers were interviewed. Knowledge and practices of all of them was inadequate in some aspects. 68% knew Medical abortion is legal and 57% thought that over the counter sale of drugs of medical abortion is also legal. Only 40.9% knew the correct regimen of mifepristone + misoprostol combination.Most of them is not aware of any serious side effects and failure rate. Their attitude is indifferent towards the clients but positive towards training in updating knowledge if given option.Conclusion: Their knowledge, attitude and practices while dispensing drugs for medical abortion were inappropriate to qualify them as an independent mid level provider in present scenario. Unregulated OTC sale of abortifacients is responsible for high number of self induced abortion related complications.

  1. Aborter

    Schütze, Laura Maria; Warburg, Margit


    Mens nogle hospitaler nedgraver aborterede fostre på kirkegården, bortskaffer andre dem som vævsaffald. Tvetydig lovgivning er årsagen. Udgivelsesdato: 15. oktober......Mens nogle hospitaler nedgraver aborterede fostre på kirkegården, bortskaffer andre dem som vævsaffald. Tvetydig lovgivning er årsagen. Udgivelsesdato: 15. oktober...

  2. 已婚育龄妇女人工流产史及避孕知识态度和行为现况的相关研究%A study on status of induced abortion history and KAP of contraception in married women with reproductive age

    凌艳; 欧可可; 赖岭红


    Objective:To investigate the status of induced abortion history KAP of contraception in married women of reproductive age,and reduce unintended pregnancy and abortion rate and improve the reproductive health of women of childbearing age. Methods: January 2012 - May 2013 in family planning service center of Longgang district, A total number of 510 married women were investigated through questionnaire.Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS/PC 10.0 statistical software. Results: Finddings showed that the rate of history of induced abortion reached 53.5%and among them 13.7%total frequence of abortion was more than 3 times. without contraception accounted for 32.6%, 46.8% contraceptive failure, in which the rhythm in the first place, accounting for contraception loser 38.5%, followed by placing IUD, accounting for 48.2% of contraceptive failure. There were respectively 54.8%,49.7% and 83.5% of the interviewees who didn’t know at least one of contraception principle. Adverse effects of induced abortion and emergency contraceptive method. Conclusion: In the offering of good quality service on reproductive health, health education about contraception knowledge should be included and strengthen. and reduce the incidence of unwanted pregnancies, abortions for women of childbearing age to avoid repeated physical and mental damage.%目的:了解育龄妇女的人工流产史及其原因和有关避孕的知识、态度和行为现状,探讨如何提高避孕知识知晓率和改善相关的态度和行为,以及降低非意愿妊娠率及人工流产率,提高育龄妇女的生殖健康水平。方法:对2012年1月至2013年5月在龙岗区龙城街道计生服务中心行人工流产术的510名已婚已育妇女进行有关人工流产和避孕知识、态度和行为的问卷调查,数据应用SPSS/PC 10.0软件进行统计分析。结果:53.5%的妇女有人工流产史,其中人工流产3次及以上者达13.7%;未避孕者占32.6%

  3. Medical grand rounds at Yale-New Haven Hospital. Septic abortion.

    Sachs, F L; Landsberg, L


    a 17-year-old gravida 1, para 0, single white girl who had undergone criminal abortion, presented at the hospital with high fever and red urine. Her vital signs were monitored and laboratory tests were performed. A total abdominal hysterectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy were performed because of gangrenous uterus and ovaries. The patient developed postoperative complications and blood transfusion was performed. The criminal abortion was induced using some type of liquid (eg., Lysol) that was injected into the uterus transvaginally. The use of Lysol, soap and detergents in criminal abortion produces an area of tissue necrosis. The compounds are also absorbed into the bloodstream. The necrotic tissue is susceptible to infection, while the part which is absorbed into the bloodstream is nephrotoxic, hepatotoxic and produces hemolysis. Common complications of septic abortion are pelvic abscesses; metastatic abscesses; tetanus; renal insufficiency; cortical necrosis; and acute tubular necrosis. Coagulation abnormalities, as well as the psychological, economic and legal aspects of septic abortion are also discussed. It is hoped that all physicians would actively support legislation which would liberalize abortion laws.

  4. A measured response: Koop on abortion.

    Koop, C E


    The available scientific literature on the health effects of abortion on women in the US neither supports nor refutes the premise that abortion contributes to psychological problems. The 250 studies that have considered the psychological aspects of abortion are all flawed methodologically. Needed to resolve this issue is a prospective study of a cohort of US women of childbearing age focused on the psychological effects of failure to conceive, as well as the physical and mental sequelae of pregnancy whether carried to delivery, miscarried, or terminated by abortion. The most desirable such study could be conducted for about US$100 million over a 5-year period; a less expensive yet satisfactory study could be conducted for $10 million over the same time frame. Before such a study can be undertaken, a survey instrument must be designed to eliminate the discrepancy between the number of abortions on record and the number of women who admit to having an abortion on survey. Another issue is that the health effects of abortion cannot easily be separated from the controversial social issues surrounding pregnancy termination.

  5. Ireland: child rape case undermines abortion ban.


    Abortion has been illegal in Ireland since 1861. This position was written into the national Constitution in 1963 and reconfirmed by referendum in 1983. Contraception is also illegal in the country. The pregnancy of a 14-year old adolescent due to an alleged rape, however, has caused many in Ireland to voice their support for abortion in limited circumstances. Approximately 5000 pregnant women go from Ireland to the United Kingdom annually for abortions. This 14-year old youth also planned to make the crossing, but was blocked from leaving by the Irish police and later by an injunction of the Attorney-General. The Irish Supreme Court upheld the injunction even though the young woman was reportedly contemplating suicide. A national outcry ensued with thousands of demonstrators marching in Dublin to demand the availability of information on abortion and that Irish women be allowed to travel whenever and wherever they desire. 66% of respondents to recent public opinion polls favor abortion in certain circumstances. Ultimately, the Irish Supreme Court reversed their stance to allow pregnant Irish women to travel internationally and gave suicidal Irish women the right to abortions. These decisions were made shortly within the time frame needed for the young lady in question to received a legal abortion in the United Kingdom.

  6. 利凡诺联合米非司酮配伍米素前列醇腔外引产的临床分析%Clinical analysis of rivanol combined with mifepristone and misoprostol for induced abortion

    吴景翠; 宋书岚


    Objective:To explore the clinical effects of rivanol combined with mifepristone and misoprostol for termination of pregnancy .Methods:209 pregnant women required termination between 2008 and 2012 in our hospital were divided into observational group (n=109)and control group(n=100) according to sequence on admission.Patients in observational group received rivanol combined with mifepristone and misoprostol ,and those in control group were given combined use of rivanol with mifepristone.Two groups were assessed and compared regarding the outcomes of induced labor,placental expulsion time,labor pain in induction,postpartum hemorrhage and incidence of laceration of cervix and other adverse effects. Results:The two groups went through complete termination of pregnancy.The time of placental expulsion and birth process were shorter,and postpartum bleeding volume,incidence of abdominal pain were significantly lower in the observational group as compare with the control group (P<0.05),whereas the incidence of adverse effects showed no significant difference for the two groups.Conclusion:Rivanol combined with either mifepristone or misoprostol or both the latter agent can be safely used for induced abortion in mid-pregnancy with reduced labor pain and less postpartum bleeding besides shortened birth process.%目的:探讨利凡诺与米非司酮配伍米索前列醇联合用于中期妊娠引产的效果。方法:选取2008~2012年来我单位要求终止妊娠的妇女209例,根据入院时间顺序分为观察组109例与对照组100例。观察组给予米非司酮后行利凡诺腔外引产,同时应用米素前列醇;对照组给予米非司酮后行利凡诺腔外引产。观察两组孕妇的引产效果、胎盘排出时间、腹痛、出血量、宫颈撕裂及不良反应发生情况,并对其进行对比分析。结果:观察组与对照组引产成功率均为100%,观察组胎儿胎盘娩出时间、产程均短于对照组(P<0.05);

  7. The Impact of State Abortion Policies on Teen Pregnancy Rates

    Medoff, Marshall


    The availability of abortion provides insurance against unwanted pregnancies since abortion is the only birth control method which allows women to avoid an unwanted birth once they are pregnant. Restrictive state abortion policies, which increase the cost of obtaining an abortion, may increase women's incentive to alter their pregnancy avoidance…

  8. Abortion stigma: a reconceptualization of constituents, causes, and consequences.

    Norris, Alison; Bessett, Danielle; Steinberg, Julia R; Kavanaugh, Megan L; De Zordo, Silvia; Becker, Davida


    Stigmatization is a deeply contextual, dynamic social process; stigma from abortion is the discrediting of individuals as a result of their association with abortion. Abortion stigma is under-researched and under-theorized, and the few existing studies focus only on women who have had abortions. We build on this work, drawing from the social science literature to describe three groups whom we posit are affected by abortion stigma: Women who have had abortions, individuals who work in facilities that provide abortion, and supporters of women who have had abortions, including partners, family, and friends, as well as abortion researchers and advocates. Although these groups are not homogeneous, some common experiences within the groups--and differences between the groups--help to illuminate how people manage abortion stigma and begin to reveal the roots of this stigma itself. We discuss five reasons why abortion is stigmatized, beginning with the rationale identified by Kumar, Hessini, and Mitchell: The violation of female ideals of sexuality and motherhood. We then suggest additional causes of abortion stigma, including attributing personhood to the fetus, legal restrictions, the idea that abortion is dirty or unhealthy, and the use of stigma as a tool for anti-abortion efforts. Although not exhaustive, these causes of abortion stigma illustrate how it is made manifest for affected groups. Understanding abortion stigma will inform strategies to reduce it, which has direct implications for improving access to care and better health for those whom stigma affects.

  9. Feelings of Well-Being Before and After an Abortion.

    Hittner, Amy


    Examined feelings of well-being in 217 women who had abortions. Results suggest that, compared to women who have not had abortions, those who choose abortion feel more negatively. Of women choosing abortion, those who are already mothers are most likely to be depressed and lonely, followed by those from lower educational and socioeconomic…

  10. Prevalência e características de mulheres com aborto provocado - Favela México 70, São Vicente - São Paulo Prevalence and characteristics of women with induced abortion - Favela México 70, São Vicente - São Paulo

    Tássia Ferreira Santos


    Full Text Available No Brasil, o aborto está entre as principais causas de mortalidade materna. Pesquisas mostram que o aborto é praticado clandestinamente por mulheres de todas as classes sociais; no entanto, tem consequências desiguais, dependendo da inserção social, produzindo riscos à vida de mulheres pobres. Embora o tema venha sendo amplamente explorado nos últimos 20 anos, observou-se escassez de dados sobre mulheres de baixa renda. Desta forma, o presente estudo tem por objetivo estimar a prevalência de mulheres com aborto provocado. Arrolaram-se mulheres por inquérito domiciliar de base populacional em setores de baixa renda de São Vicente, São Paulo. Eram elegíveis as mulheres em idade fértil de 15 a 49 anos. A avaliação das razões de prevalência de mulheres com aborto provocado foi realizada por meio de modelos lineares generalizados, usando-se a regressão de Poisson com função de ligação logarítmica e variância robusta para aproximar a binomial. As variáveis que demonstraram ter maior influência no relato de aborto foram: "aceitar sempre esta prática" (IC95% 2,98 - 11,02, seguida de "não ter filho nascido vivo" (IC95% 1,35 - 19,78, ter de "dois a cinco nascidos vivos" (IC95% 1,42 - 14,40 e ter de "seis ou mais nascidos vivos" (IC 95% 1,35 - 19,78, "idade no momento da entrevista" (IC 95% 1,01 - 1,07 e "renda" In Brazil, abortion is among the leading causes of maternal mortality. Research has shown that abortion is practiced clandestinely by women of all social classes, but has unequal consequences depending on social inclusion, producing risks to poor women. Although the issue has been widely explored in the past 20 years, there is a lack of data about low-income women. Thus, the present study aims to estimate the prevalence of women with induced abortion. Women from a population-based household survey in low-income sectors of São Vicente, São Paulo were recruited. Women of childbearing age from 15 to 49 years were eligible

  11. Study on the association of preoperative anxiety and depression with mental distress in unmarried women receiving induced abortion durgery%未婚人工流产手术妇女术前焦虑抑郁与心理压力的关系研究



    目的:探讨术前人工流产术妇女术前焦虑抑郁与心理压力的状况及其关系。方法采用焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)和中文版知觉心理压力量表(CPSS)对200例术前未婚人工流产术妇女进行术前调查,分析SAS 、SDS与CPSS之间的关系。结果术前人工流产术妇女CPSS评分总分为(27.52±6.39)分,HRS者检出率为39%;SAS、SDS评分分别为(56.38±13.25)分、(53.38±11.25)分,明显高于国内常模(37.23±12.58)分、(41.38±10.57)分(t=193.47、14.64,P<0.01)。术前未婚人工流产术妇女焦虑抑郁与心理压力存在显著正相关(P<0.01)。结论焦虑抑郁情绪会加重术前未婚人工流产术妇女的心理压力,消除焦虑抑郁情绪能够缓解心理压力。%Objective To explore the association of preoperative anxiety and depression with mental distress in women receiving induced abortion surgery.MethodsSelf-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Chinese Perceived Stress Scale (CPSS) were used for preoperative survey on 200 unmarried women receiving induced abortion surgery. The association of SAS and SDS with CPSS was analyzed.Results As for unmarried women receiving induced abortion surgery, CPSS score was (27.52±6.39) with HRS detection rate of 39%; SAS score and SDS score were (56.38±13.25) and (53.38±11.25) respectively, significantly higher than national norm: (37.23±12.58) and (41.38±10.57) respectively. Preoperative anxiety and depression were positively correlated with mental distress in unmarried women receiving induced abortion surgery.ConclusionAnxiety and depression can aggravate the mental stress of unmarried women receiving induced abortion surgery. Mental stress can be relieved by eliminating anxiety and depression.

  12. 重复人工流产对子宫腺肌症发生因素的临床研究%Repeat induced abortion of the womb XianJiZheng driver clinical research.



    Objective:to study the factors such as antiificial abortion freguency,pregnancy time an so on development of adenomysis (AM).Methods:A retrospective analysis was carried in 153 patients who was from the department of gynaecology in hospital. The patients were divided into two groups;AM and no-AM,The two groups were compared for abortion freguency,pregnancy time,age,menarche age and so on.Results: The proportion of patients with repeated artificial abortion or history of curettage of aterus in AM group was higher than that in the no-AM group.The patients with pregnancy time more than 8 W who recired artificial abortion had higher rute of development of AM.Conclusion:Repeated artificial abortion,pregnancy time and history of curettage of uferus were the risk factors of development of adenomyosis.%目的:探讨人工流产次数、时机等对子宫腺肌症(AM)发生的影响.方法:分析2008年1月-2011年12月我院妇产科资料完整AM153例,研究AM组人流术的时机、次数等细节特点,与其他原因行子宫切除而无AM者(对照组)78例进行了对照研究.结果:两组平均年龄、平均初潮年龄、第1次人流平均年龄、产次,有宫内节育器伴妊娠等无显著差异(p8周者行人流术发生AM45.8%,32.2%)明显高于无AM组(14.4%,8.7%),AM组<6周行人流术者比例(3.7%)明显低于对照组(53.8)(x2=180.8535,p=0.000,p<0.001);钳刮者AM组比例(12.4%)高于对照组(5.8%)(x2=4.999,p=0.033,p<0.05).结论:多次重复人流、大孕周人流、钳刮术是患AM的高危因素.

  13. Selective abortion in Brazil: the anencephaly case.

    Diniz, Debora


    This paper discusses the Brazilian Supreme Court ruling on the case of anencephaly. In Brazil, abortion is a crime against the life of a fetus, and selective abortion of non-viable fetuses is prohibited. Following a paradigmatic case discussed by the Brazilian Supreme Court in 2004, the use of abortion was authorized in the case of a fetus with anencephaly. The objective of this paper is to analyze the ethical arguments of the case, in particular the strategy of avoiding the moral status of the fetus, the cornerstone thesis of the Catholic Church.

  14. Psychosocial correlates of delayed decisions to abort.

    Bracken, M B; Kasl, S V


    Two samples of women aborting in New York and Connecticut during 1972 and 1973 were studied. In all, six hundred and fifty eight women about to undergo first and second trimester procedures completed a self-administered questionnaire. Items include: demographic, psychosocial and personality parameters, and a detailed review of the decision process leading to abortion. Analyses of the correlates of delay are organized around four components: acknowledgment of pregnancy; seeing a physician ; deciding to abort; and locating a clinic. Other analyses focus on the role of decisional conflict in delay. Methodological issues, implications for educational practice and for theory of decision-making are discussed.

  15. Immediate Intrauterine Device Insertion Following Surgical Abortion.

    Patil, Eva; Bednarek, Paula H


    Placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) immediately after a first or second trimester surgical abortion is safe and convenient and decreases the risk of repeat unintended pregnancy. Immediate postabortion IUD placement is not recommended in the setting of postprocedure hemorrhage, uterine perforation, infection, or hematometra. Otherwise, there are few contraindications to IUD placement following surgical abortion. Sexually transmitted infection screening should follow US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines. No additional antibiotics are needed beyond those used for the abortion. Placing immediate postabortion IUDs makes highly-effective long-acting reversible contraception more accessible to women.

  16. Abort Gap Cleaning for LHC Run 2

    Uythoven, Jan [CERN; Boccardi, Andrea [CERN; Bravin, Enrico [CERN; Goddard, Brennan [CERN; Hemelsoet, Georges-Henry [CERN; Höfle, Wolfgang [CERN; Jacquet, Delphine [CERN; Kain, Verena [CERN; Mazzoni, Stefano [CERN; Meddahi, Malika [CERN; Valuch, Daniel [CERN; Gianfelice-Wendt, Eliana [Fermilab


    To minimize the beam losses at the moment of an LHC beam dump the 3 μs long abort gap should contain as few particles as possible. Its population can be minimised by abort gap cleaning using the LHC transverse damper system. The LHC Run 1 experience is briefly recalled; changes foreseen for the LHC Run 2 are presented. They include improvements in the observation of the abort gap population and the mechanism to decide if cleaning is required, changes to the hardware of the transverse dampers to reduce the detrimental effect on the luminosity lifetime and proposed changes to the applied cleaning algorithms.

  17. Aborto. Responsabilidad compartida/Abortion. Shared responsibility

    David Ernesto Betancourt


    Full Text Available The father and the mother are involved in the act of procreation, therefore in abortion should also be considered is the father figure in some way and not let you load psychological, emotional and physical exclusively women. Similarly, when she decides to have an abortion he is not observed or questioned integral form to family and society to which she belongs, in short, the stigmatization affects only to the woman in question when there are several actors and circumstances that come into the Act of abortion.

  18. Abort Gap Cleaning for LHC Run 2

    Uythoven, J; Bravin, E; Goddard, B; Hemelsoet, GH; Höfle, W; Jacquet, D; Kain, V; Mazzoni, S; Meddahi, M; Valuch, D


    To minimise the beam losses at the moment of an LHC beam dump the 3 μs long abort gap should contain as few particles as possible. Its population can be minimised by abort gap cleaning using the LHC transverse damper system. The LHC Run 1 experience is briefly recalled; changes foreseen for the LHC Run 2 are presented. They include improvements in the observation of the abort gap population and the mechanism to decide if cleaning is required, changes to the hardware of the transverse dampers to reduce the detrimental effect on the luminosity lifetime and proposed changes to the applied cleaning algorithms.

  19. Mifepristone followed by home administration of buccal misoprostol for medical abortion up to 70 days of amenorrhoea in a general practice in Curacao

    Boersma, Adriana A.; Jong, Betty Meyboom-de; Kleiverda, Gunilla


    Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of home administration of buccal misoprostol after mifepristone for medical abortion up to 70 days' gestation in a general practice in Curacao, where induced abortion is severely restricted by law. Methods In a prospective study 330 women received 200 mg

  20. Medical Students’ Attitudes toward Abortion Education: Malaysian Perspective

    Nai-peng Tey; Siew-yong Yew; Wah-yun Low; Lela Su'ut; Prachi Renjhen; Huang, M. S. L.; Wen-ting Tong; Siow-li Lai


    BACKGROUND: Abortion is a serious public health issue, and it poses high risks to the health and life of women. Yet safe abortion services are not readily available because few doctors are trained to provide such services. Many doctors are unaware of laws pertaining to abortion. This article reports survey findings on Malaysian medical students' attitudes toward abortion education and presents a case for including abortion education in medical schools. METHODS AND RESULTS: A survey on knowled...

  1. Therapeutic abortion in California. Effects of septic abortion and maternal mortality.

    Stewart, G K; Goldstein, P J


    The impact of the reformed California abortion law, passed in November 1967, is investigated. The law allows interruption of pregnancy in the presence of substantial risk of grave impairment to the mental or physical health of the mother. Septic abortions (complete or incomplete abortion in a patient whose gestation is less than 20 weeks; duration and whose temperature is greater than 100.4 degrees F for more than 4 hours) per 1000 deliveries at San Francisco General Hospital fell from 69 in 1967 to 22 in 1969. The total number of abortions rose from less than 100 per 1000 births in 1968 to more than 250 in 1969. Maternal deaths due to abortion decreased in California per 100,000 live births from 8 to 5 to 3 in 1967, 1968, and 1969. Maternal deaths due to other causes remained relatively fixed in incidence. Maternal deaths have decreased much more markedly in the San Francisco Bay area, where many more therapeutic abortions have been performed, than in the Los Angeles Area, where relatively few therapeutic abortions have been performed. The decrease in septic abortion seems to represent a trend toward decrease in the number of illegal abortions.

  2. Constitutional developments in Latin American abortion law.

    Bergallo, Paola; Ramón Michel, Agustina


    For most of the 20th Century, restrictive abortion laws were in place in continental Latin America. In recent years, reforms have caused a liberalizing shift, supported by constitutional decisions of the countries' high courts. The present article offers an overview of the turn toward more liberal rules and the resolution of abortion disputes by reference to national constitutions. For such purpose, the main legal changes of abortion laws in the last decade are first surveyed. Landmark decisions of the high courts of Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, and Mexico are then analyzed. It is shown that courts have accepted the need to balance interests and competing rights to ground less restrictive laws. In doing so, they have articulated limits to protection of fetal interests, and basic ideas of women's dignity, autonomy, and equality. The process of constitutionalization has only just begun. Constitutional judgments are not the last word, but they are important contributions in reinforcing the legality of abortion.

  3. Thatcher condemns attacks on abortion mp.


    The Prime Minister, Mrs Margaret Thatcher, has stepped in to condemn a series of violent attacks on Liberal MP David Alton who is trying to reduce the [Illegible word] limit on abortions from 28 to 18 weeks.

  4. Abortions in Texas Dropped Dramatically After Restrictions

    ... an undue burden on women seeking access to abortion care in Texas," said researcher Dr. Daniel Grossman. Grossman is an investigator with the Texas Policy Evaluation Project, which studies the impact of state legislation affecting women's reproductive health. He's ...

  5. When legalising abortion isn’t enough


    LSE’s Ernestina Coast is the Principal Investigator on a new research project in Zambia that seeks to establish how investment in abortion services impacts the socio-economic conditions of women and their households.\\ud \\ud

  6. Sex-Selective Abortions to Be Outlawed


    China is to outlaw the selective abortion of female fetuses to correct an imbalance in the ratio of boys to girls that has grown since the family planning policy was introduced more than 20 years ago.

  7. Evidence for Parachlamydia in bovine abortions

    Ruhl, S; Casson, N.; Kaiser, C.; Thoma, R; Pospischil, A.; Greub, G; Borel, N.


    Bovine abortion of unknown infectious aetiology still remains a major economic problem. In this study, we focused on new possible abortigenic agents such as Parachlamydia acanthamoebae and Waddlia chondrophila. Retrospective samples (n = 235) taken from late-term abortions in cattle were investigated by real-time diagnostic PCR for Chlamydiaceae, rachlamydia spp. and Waddlia spp., respectively. Histological sections of cases positive by real-time PCR for any Chlamydia-related agent were furth...

  8. Influential Factors in American Abortion Issue



    The landmark case Roe v.Wade remains one of the most controversial and essential ones in American history.The divergent opinions on abortion also play a crucial part in American political arena.What factors are influencing the dispute about abortion? This essay will thoroughly discuss the factors: the value of freedom and pro-choice and the consideration on women’s self-development; Contrarily,the firm religious faith and the concerns for women’s healt

  9. Influential Factors in American Abortion Issue


    The landmark case Roe v.Wade remains one of the most controversial and essential ones in American history. The divergent opinions on abortion also play a crucial part in American political arena.What factors are influencing the dispute about abortion? This essay will thoroughly discuss the factors:the value of freedom and pro-choice and the consideration on women’s self-development; Contrarily,the firm religious faith and the concerns for women’s health.

  10. Abortion in Vietnam: measurements, puzzles, and concerns.

    Goodkind, D


    This report summarizes current knowledge about abortion in Vietnam, drawing upon government statistics, survey data, and fieldwork undertaken by the author in Vietnam throughout 1993 and part of 1994. The official total abortion rate in Vietnam in 1992 was about 2.5 per woman, the highest in Asia and worrisome for a country with a still-high total fertility rate of 3.7 children per woman. Vietnamese provinces exhibited substantial variation in both the rate of abortion and the type of procedures performed. Among the hypotheses explored to explain Vietnam's high rate of abortion are the borrowing of family planning strategies from other poor socialist states where abortion is common; current antinatal population policies that interact with a lack of contraceptive alternatives; and a rise in pregnancies among young and unmarried women in the wake of recent free-market reforms. Because family-size preferences are still declining, abortion rates may continue to increase unless the incidence of unwanted pregnancy can be reduced, a goal that Vietnamese population specialists are seeking to achieve.

  11. Aborto espontâneo e provocado: sentimentos vivenciados pelos homens Aborto espontáneo y inducido: sentimientos vivenciados por hombres Spontaneous and induced abortion: feelings experienced by men

    Márcia Melo Laet Rodrigues


    Full Text Available A incorporação da perspectiva masculina na assistência em saúde reprodutiva é recomendada em nível mundial. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo conhecer os sentimentos vivenciados por homens que compartilharam a experiência do aborto com suas parceiras. A análise da narrativa foi o método empregado. Narrativas de 17 homens foram analisadas para identificar os principais sentimentos relacionados à vivência. Os principais sentimentos associados ao aborto espontâneo estavam relacionados à angústia da perda e ao aborto provocado, à culpabilidade diante do ocorrido e suas conseqüências. Homens que compartilham da experiência do aborto requerem sensibilidade e envolvimento dos profissionais, suas principais demandas estavam relacionadas ao desejo do acolhimento, obtenção de suporte emocional e informações completas e precisas sobre o processo.La incorporación de la perspectiva masculina en la asistencia en salud reproductiva es recomendada en el ámbito mundial. El objetivo de esta investigación fue conocer los sentimientos vividos por hombres que compartieron la experiencia del aborto con sus compañeras. El método fue el análisis de la narrativa. Las narrativas de 17 hombres fueron analizadas para identificar los principales sentimientos relacionados a las vivencias. Los principales sentimientos relacionados al aborto espontáneo estaban relacionados a la angustia de la pérdida y frente al aborto provocado la culpabilidad delante de lo ocurrido y sus consecuencias. Hombres que compartieron la experiencia del aborto requieren sensibilidad y compromiso de los profesionales, las principales demandas estaban relacionadas al deseo de acogimiento, obtención del soporte emocional e informaciones completas y precisas sobre el proceso.The insertion of male perspective in reproductive health is an international recommendation. The aim of this research was to know the men's feelings related to the abortion shared with their partners

  12. Abortion, substance abuse and mental health in early adulthood: Thirteen-year longitudinal evidence from the United States

    Donald Paul Sullins


    Objective: To examine the links between pregnancy outcomes (birth, abortion, or involuntary pregnancy loss) and mental health outcomes for US women during the transition into adulthood to determine the extent of increased risk, if any, associated with exposure to induced abortion. Method: Panel data on pregnancy history and mental health history for a nationally representative cohort of 8005 women at (average) ages 15, 22, and 28 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adu...

  13. Maternal Near-Miss Due to Unsafe Abortion and Associated Short-Term Health and Socio-Economic Consequences in Nigeria.

    Prada, Elena; Bankole, Akinrinola; Oladapo, Olufemi T; Awolude, Olutosin A; Adewole, Isaac F; Onda, Tsuyoshi


    Little is known about maternal near-miss (MNM) due to unsafe abortion in Nigeria. We used the WHO criteria to identify near-miss events and the proportion due to unsafe abortion among women of childbearing age in eight large secondary and tertiary hospitals across the six geo-political zones. We also explored the characteristics of women with these events, delays in seeking care and the short-term socioeconomic and health impacts on women and their families. Between July 2011 and January 2012, 137 MNM cases were identified of which 13 or 9.5% were due to unsafe abortions. Severe bleeding, pain and fever were the most common immediate abortion complications. On average, treatment of MNM due to abortion costs six times more than induced abortion procedures. Unsafe abortion and delays in care seeking are important contributors to MNM. Programs to prevent unsafe abortion and delays in seeking postabortion care are urgently needed to reduce abortion related MNM in Nigeria.

  14. Cross-cultural attitudes toward abortion--Greeks versus Americans.

    Bahr, Stephen J; Marcos, Anastasios C


    Using data from 1,494 Greeks and 1,993 Americans, this study finds that social abortion attitudes are a separate dimension from physical abortion attitudes. According to our structural equation model, abortion attitudes are influenced significantly by religiosity and sexual liberalism. The model explains social abortion attitudes significantly better than physical abortion attitudes. Although the model is applicable to both countries, there are three major differences between Greece and the United States. First, in Greece religiosity has a smaller impact on sexual liberalism, and sexual liberalism has a much weaker impact on both types of abortion attitudes, particularly social abortion attitudes. Second, in Greece religiosity is more strongly related to abortion attitudes than in the United States, particularly to social abortion attitudes. Third, education has a weaker influence in Greece than in the United States.

  15. Management of abortion complications at a rural hospital in Uganda

    Mellerup, Natja; Sørensen, Bjarke Lund; Kuriigamba, Gideon K.


    BACKGROUND: Complications of unsafe abortion are a major contributor to maternal deaths in developing countries. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical assessment for life-threatening complications and the following management in women admitted with complications from abortions at a rural...... abortion and by trimester. Actual management was compared to the audit criteria and presented by descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Fifty six per cent of the women were in second trimester. Abortion complications were distributed as follows: 53 % incomplete abortions, 28 % threatened abortions, 12...... % inevitable abortions, 4 % missed abortions and 3 % septic abortions. Only one of 238 cases met all criteria of optimal clinical assessment and management. Thus, vital signs were measured in 3 %, antibiotic criteria was met in 59 % of the cases, intravenous fluid resuscitation was administered to 35...

  16. Medication abortion in missed abortion up to 13 weeks amenorrhoea: a prospective study

    Divya R. Prasad


    Conclusions: Medication abortion is a safe and effective method for the termination of missed abortion up to 13 weeks of pregnancy with fewer complications thus reducing the need for surgical methods. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(11.000: 3840-3842

  17. Fatores associados ao aborto induzido entre jovens pobres na cidade de São Paulo, 2007 Factores asociados al aborto inducido entre jóvenes pobres en la ciudad de Sao Paulo, 2007 Factors associated with induced abortion among poor youth in the city of São Paulo, 2007

    Rebeca de Souza e Silva


    que las gestaciones se produjeron de forma inesperada, intempestiva, como es praxis en las conductas adolescentes, siendo las candidatas con mayores probabilidades de terminar conun aborto provocado. Se evidencia, portanto, la necesidad de que sean invertidos recursos financieros para obtenciónde métodos contraceptivos eficaces e inocuos, destinados al inicio de la vida sexual.The present article investigates factors associated with induced abortion among youth living in a poor community in the city of São Paulo. The sample consisted of 102 men and 99 women, 14 to 25 years of age who had initiated their sex lives. The hierarchical logistic model was used. The variables, not having a sex partner at the time of the interview, respondent´s gender, age at the time of interview, prioritizing living alone, and the number of pregnancies comprised the final model. Considering very important to live alonesingly increases fourfold the likelihood of an abortion. Older youngsters were less likely to face an abortion, given that the likelihood of opting for an abortion is reduced in 17% for each one year increment in the age. This indicates that pregnancies were unexpected, untimely, as it is usual in the behavior teenagers, who are the major candidates to end up with an induced abortion. All this stresses the need to invest financial resources to obtain efficacious and innocuous contraceptive methods for the beginning of sex life.

  18. Medical Students’ Attitudes toward Abortion Education: Malaysian Perspective

    Tey, Nai-peng; Yew, Siew-yong; Low, Wah-yun; Su’ut, Lela; Renjhen, Prachi; Huang, M. S. L.; Tong, Wen-ting; Lai, Siow-li


    Background Abortion is a serious public health issue, and it poses high risks to the health and life of women. Yet safe abortion services are not readily available because few doctors are trained to provide such services. Many doctors are unaware of laws pertaining to abortion. This article reports survey findings on Malaysian medical students’ attitudes toward abortion education and presents a case for including abortion education in medical schools. Methods and Results A survey on knowledge of and attitudes toward abortion among medical students was conducted in two public universities and a private university in Malaysia in 2011. A total of 1,060 students returned the completed questionnaires. The survey covered about 90% of medical students in Years 1, 3, and 5 in the three universities. About 90% of the students wanted more training on the general knowledge and legal aspects of abortion, and pre-and post-abortion counseling. Overall, 75.9% and 81.0% of the students were in favor of including in medical education the training on surgical abortion techniques and medical abortion, respectively. Only 2.4% and 1.7% were opposed to the inclusion of training of these two methods in the curriculum. The remaining respondents were neutral in their stand. Desire for more abortion education was associated with students’ pro-choice index, their intention to provide abortion services in future practice, and year of study. However, students’ attitudes toward abortion were not significantly associated with gender, type of university, or ethnicity. Conclusions Most students wanted more training on abortion. Some students also expressed their intention to provide abortion counseling and services in their future practice. Their desire for more training on abortion should be taken into account in the new curriculum. Abortion education is an important step towards making available safe abortion services to enable women to exercise their reproductive rights. PMID:23300600

  19. Medical students' attitudes toward abortion education: Malaysian perspective.

    Nai-peng Tey

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Abortion is a serious public health issue, and it poses high risks to the health and life of women. Yet safe abortion services are not readily available because few doctors are trained to provide such services. Many doctors are unaware of laws pertaining to abortion. This article reports survey findings on Malaysian medical students' attitudes toward abortion education and presents a case for including abortion education in medical schools. METHODS AND RESULTS: A survey on knowledge of and attitudes toward abortion among medical students was conducted in two public universities and a private university in Malaysia in 2011. A total of 1,060 students returned the completed questionnaires. The survey covered about 90% of medical students in Years 1, 3, and 5 in the three universities. About 90% of the students wanted more training on the general knowledge and legal aspects of abortion, and pre-and post-abortion counseling. Overall, 75.9% and 81.0% of the students were in favor of including in medical education the training on surgical abortion techniques and medical abortion, respectively. Only 2.4% and 1.7% were opposed to the inclusion of training of these two methods in the curriculum. The remaining respondents were neutral in their stand. Desire for more abortion education was associated with students' pro-choice index, their intention to provide abortion services in future practice, and year of study. However, students' attitudes toward abortion were not significantly associated with gender, type of university, or ethnicity. CONCLUSIONS: Most students wanted more training on abortion. Some students also expressed their intention to provide abortion counseling and services in their future practice. Their desire for more training on abortion should be taken into account in the new curriculum. Abortion education is an important step towards making available safe abortion services to enable women to exercise their reproductive rights.

  20. 影响早期流产方法选择的相关因素调查%Choice of methods of early abortion related factors



    Objective To study the method of choice of abortion in early pregnancy factors.Methods Totally 216 cases of early pregnancy conducted a questionnaire survey of women, according to women voluntarily choose different methods of abortion, medical abortion groups into the general surgical abortion group and the induced abortion group because of different methods of selection.Results The results have the same opportunity to choose abortion way, most young, unmarried choose medical abortion, when economic conditions are good choose induced abortion, while older, farmers, workers to choose surgery abortion.Conclusions The method of understanding abortion is not comprehensive,the choice of abortion method involves many problems, physicians should provide appropriate methods for women.%目的 探讨早期妊娠流产方法选择的影响因素.方法 对216例早孕妇女进行问卷调查,按照妇女自愿选择流产方法的不同,分为药物流产组,一般手术流产组和无痛人工流产组,分析选择不同方法的原因.结果 在有同等机会选择流产方法时,多数年轻、未婚者选择药物流产,其中经济条件好的选择无痛人工流产,而经济条件较差者选择常规一般手术流产.结论 妇女埘流产方法的认识并不全面,在选择流产方法时涉及许多问题,医生应尽可能为妇女提供适宜方法.

  1. Attitude toward contraception and abortion among Curaçao women. Ineffective contraception due to limited sexual education?

    Meyboom-de Jong Betty


    Full Text Available Abstract Background In Curaçao is a high incidence of unintended pregnancies and induced abortions. Most of the induced abortions in Curaçao are on request of the woman and performed by general practitioners. In Curaçao, induced abortion is strictly prohibited, but since 1999 there has been a policy of connivance. We present data on the relevance of economic and socio-cultural factors for the high abortion-rates and the ineffective use of contraception. Methods Structured interviews to investigate knowledge and attitudes toward sexuality, contraception and abortion and reasons for ineffective use of contraceptives among women, visiting general practitioners. Results Of 158 women, 146 (92% participated and 82% reported that their education on sexuality and about contraception was of good quality. However 'knowledge of reliable contraceptive methods' appeared to be - in almost 50% of the cases - false information, misjudgements or erroneous views on the chance of getting pregnant using coitus interruptus and about the reliability and health effects of oral contraceptive pills. Almost half of the interviewed women had incorrect or no knowledge about reliability of condom use and IUD. 42% of the respondents risked by their behavior an unplanned pregnancy. Most respondents considered abortion as an emergency procedure, not as contraception. Almost two third experienced emotional, physical or social problems after the abortion. Conclusions Respondents had a negative attitude toward reliable contraceptives due to socio-cultural determined ideas about health consequences and limited sexual education. Main economic factors were costs of contraceptive methods, because most health insurances in Curaçao do not cover contraceptives. To improve the effective use of reliable contraceptives, more adequate information should be given, targeting the wrong beliefs and false information. The government should encourage health insurance companies to reimburse

  2. Low-dose mifepristone 200 mg and vaginal misoprostol for abortion

    Schaff, EA; Eisinger, SH; Stadalius, LS; Franks, P; Gore, BZ; Poppema, S


    The objectives of this study were to determine the effectiveness, side effects, and acceptability of one-third the standard 600 mg dose of mifepristone (200 mg) to induce abortion. A prospective trial at seven sites enrolled women greater than or equal to 18 years, up to 8 weeks pregnant, and wantin

  3. Acceptance of contraceptives among women who had an unsafe abortion in Dar es Salaam

    Rasch, Vibeke; Massawe, Siriel; Yambesi, Fortunata


    or an induced abortion performed at the hospital (n=788) were counselled about contraception and the risk of contracting STDs/HIV. A free ward-based contraceptive service was offered and the women were asked to return for follow-up. RESULTS: Participants (90%) accepted the post-abortion contraceptive service....... Of these, 86% stated they were still using contraception 1-6 months after discharge. Initially, 55% of the women accepted to use condoms either alone or as part of double protection. After 1-6 months this proportion had dropped to 18%. Single women were significantly more likely to use condoms. CONCLUSION...

  4. One or two day mifepristone-misoprostol interval for second trimester abortion

    Nilas, Lisbeth; Glavind-Kristensen, M; Vejborg, Thomas


    METHODS: A retrospective 2-year cohort study of 127 women, with gestation between 13 and 24 weeks and a live fetus, seeking induced abortion. The aim was to compare the effect of a 1-day and a 2-day interval between oral mifepristone (200 mg) and vaginal misoprostol (400 microg) every 3 h. RESULTS......: The time to fetal expulsion was longer (9.8 versus 7.5 h; pabortion occurred in 98% within 24 h in both groups The time to abortion was longer in women with a gestation of 17-22 weeks compared to women...

  5. Level of awareness about legalization of abortion in Nepal: a study at Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital.

    Tuladhar, H; Risal, A


    World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about 25.0% of all pregnancies worldwide end in induced abortion, approximately 50 million each year. More than half of these abortions are performed under unsafe conditions resulting in high maternal mortality ratio specially in developing countries like Nepal. Abortion was legalized under specified conditions in March 2002 in Nepal. But still a large proportion of population are unaware of the legalization and the conditions under which it is permitted. Legal reform alone cannot reduce abortion related deaths in our country. This study was undertaken with the main objective to study the level of awareness about legalization of abortion in women attending gyne out patients department of Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital (NMCTH), which will give a baseline knowledge for further dissemination and advocacy about abortion law. Total 200 women participated in the study. Overall 133 (66.5%) women said they were aware of legalization of abortion in Nepal. Women of age group 20-34 years, urban residents, service holders, Brahmin/Chhetri caste and with higher education were more aware about it. Majority (92.0%) of the women received information from the media. Detail knowledge about legal conditions under which abortion can be performed specially in second trimester was found to be poor. Large proportion (71.0%) of the women were still unaware of the availability of comprehensive abortion care services at our hospital, which is being provided since last seven years. Public education and advocacy campaigns are crucial to create awareness about the new legislation and availability of services. Unless the advocacy and awareness campaign reaches women, they are not likely to benefit from the legal reform and services.

  6. 应用阴道微生态检测诊断人工流产术前女性阴道炎的价值初探%The value of microecological assessment of vaginal microflora in diagnosis of vaginitis of the women before the induced abortion

    王威; 耿力; 武淑英; 王晓晔; 王迎


    目的:探讨应用阴道微生态检测手段对人工流产术前妇女阴道炎的诊断价值,并了解阴道炎分泌物菌群分布.方法:选取2012年3月1日~5月31日在北京大学第三医院计划生育门诊欲行人工流产妇女中患阴道炎患者,进行阴道分泌物阴道微生态检测.结果:407例患者以细菌性阴道病和外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病为主,应用阴道微生态检测进行Nugent评分(≥7分)诊断为细菌性阴道病123例(30.2%),外阴阴道假丝酵母菌病92例(22.6%),此外还有164例(40.3%)患者没有特异病原体的感染,仅表现为菌群失调或清洁度异常.407例患者中菌群正常占26.5%,菌群密集度++~+++占70.8%,菌群多样性++~+++占65%,pH>4.5占31.7%.患阴道炎妇女中普遍存在异常茵群,主要包括:革兰阳性小杆菌(29.5%)、革兰阴性小杆菌(18.2%)、革兰阳性球菌(12.5%)、革兰阴性球菌(11.8%).结论:阴道微生态评价体系是对人工流产术前女性阴道炎进行确切临床诊断的一个重要检测手段,能明确指导临床诊断阴道感染,并可能为围手术期的合理治疗提供依据.%Objective: To investigate the importance of microecological evaluation in diagnosing vaginitis before the induced a-bortion, and to investigate the distribution of vaginal microflora in the women with vaginitis before the induced abortion. Methods : A total of 407 women with diagnosed vaginitis who requested for an induced abortion were recruited from Mar 1, 2012 to May 31, 2012, and the samples of vaginal secretion were collected for the microecological evaluation of vaginal microflora. Results; The bacterial vaginosis (BV) and vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) were the main diseases in the 407 patients, with 30.2% (123/407) of BV diagnosed by Nugent score of ≥7, and 22. 6% (92/407) of VVC. There were 164 women who had no specific infectious agents and were characterized by only abnormal vaginal microflora. Of the 407

  7. [Abortion and physicians in training: the opinion of medical students in Mexico City

    González De León Aguirre D; Salinas Urbina AA


    This research project explores doctors' views regarding induced abortion. Abortion's penalization in Mexico greatly conditions its relevance as a social and public health problem. Physicians constitute a professional sector that can play an important role in reforming current laws on abortion. As a professional group, they have taken a conservative stance towards abortion. Their attitudes are to a great extent influenced by the medical training they receive. In this article we present results from a survey of 96 medical students from the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Xochimilco, in Mexico City. Data were processed with the SPSS program. Simple frequencies show that students have limited knowledge concerning the legal status of abortion and that they tolerate it with restrictions and in limited situations. Women students apparently take a more conservative stance, but statistical analysis with the c-square test did not show significant differences by gender. The article poses the need to modify doctors' training in the reproductive health field, allowing future doctors to acquire a broader view of health problems related to sexuality and reproduction. In the long run, this should also promote a kind of comprehensive health care practice in medical services, thus responding more satisfactorily to women's needs.

  8. Evidence for Parachlamydia in bovine abortion.

    Ruhl, Silke; Casson, Nicola; Kaiser, Carmen; Thoma, Ruedi; Pospischil, Andreas; Greub, Gilbert; Borel, Nicole


    Bovine abortion of unknown infectious aetiology still remains a major economic problem. In this study, we focused on a new possible abortigenic agent called Parachlamydia acanthamoebae. Retrospective samples (n=235) taken from late-term abortions in cattle were investigated by real-time diagnostic PCR for Chlamydiaceae and Parachlamydia spp., respectively. Histological sections of cases positive by real-time PCR for any Chlamydia-related agent were further examined by immunohistochemistry using specific antibodies. Chlamydophila abortus was detected only in three cases (1.3%) by real-time PCR and ArrayTube Microarray playing a less important role in bovine abortion compared to the situation in small ruminants in Switzerland. By real-time PCR as many as 43 of 235 (18.3%) cases turned out to be positive for Parachlamydia. The presence of Parachlamydia within placental lesions was confirmed in 35 cases (81.4%) by immunohistochemistry. The main histopathological feature in parachlamydial abortion was purulent to necrotizing placentitis (25/43). Parachlamydia should be considered as a new abortigenic agent in Swiss cattle. Since Parachlamydia may be involved in lower respiratory tract infections in humans, bovine abortion material should be handled with care given the possible zoonotic risk.

  9. Abortion in Brazil: legislation, reality and options.

    Guedes, A C


    Abortion is illegal in Brazil except when performed to save the woman's life or in cases of rape. This paper gives a brief history of parliamentary and extra-parliamentary efforts to change abortion-related legislation in Brazil in the past 60 years, the contents of some of the 53 bills that have been tabled in that time, the non-governmental stakeholders involved and the debate itself in recent decades. The authorities in Brazil have never assumed full public responsibility for reproductive health care or family planning, let alone legal abortion; the ambivalence of the medical profession is an important obstacle. Most politicians avoid getting involved in the abortion debate, but the majority of bills in the 1990s have favoured less restrictive legislation. Incremental legislative and health service changes could help to improve the situation for women. Advocacy is probably the most important action, to promote an environment conducive to change. Clandestine abortion is a serious public health problem in Brazil, and the inadequacy of family planning services is one of the causes of this problem. The solutions should be made a priority for the Brazilian public health system.

  10. 米索前列醇不同给药途径应用于人工流产术的临床分析%Different Routes of Administration of Misoprostol used in the Clinical Analysis of Induced Abortion



    Objective:Observation of patients after abortion to be a different route of administration used the clinical effect of misoprostol treatment,and to explore the best mode of administration.Methods:Our hospital from November 2006 to November 2011 has been treated in our department after abortion pregnant women 360 cases were retrospectively analyzed clinical data were randomly divided into three groups, Ⅰ group (oral) 120 cases,group Ⅱ (vaginal) 120 cases, Ⅲ group (sublingual) 120 cases, Ⅰ patients before abortion during three hours of application of 400 μ g of misoprostol fasting Dayton clothing, Ⅱ group of patients in the preoperative 3 hours after gynecological physician,would have been after normal saline wet vaginal misoprostol 400 μ g.Patients in group Ⅲ 3 hours before surgery by a doctor to guide the 400 μ g of misoprostol sublingually.Results:The time of surgery all patients were compared with surgical blood loss,not a significant difference (P>0.05);and the degree of relaxation of the cervix with a significant difference, Ⅲ group of patients was significantly higher than the efficiency and the effective rate of I , two groups (P0.05);而宫口松弛的程度具有显著性的差异,Ⅲ组患者显效率与有效率均明显高于Ⅰ、Ⅱ两组(P<0.05);Ⅱ组患者发生阴道出血与腹痛的情况均明显多于Ⅰ、Ⅲ两组(P<0.05),Ⅰ组患者的胃肠道反应比较明显.结论:对人工流产术患者应用米索前列醇能够有效扩张其宫颈,予以舌下含服后患者宫口的松弛度良好,并且能够避免由于口服及阴道给药所引起相关的副反应,应作为临床首选的给药方式.

  11. 人工流产术后口服屈螺酮炔雌醇片临床观察%Clinical Observation on Oral Droopiness and Anesthesiologist Tablets after Induced Abortion

    崔佳佳; 崔晓平; 钱苏萍


    Objective To study the clinical effect of oral drospirenone ethinyl estradiol alcohol used in artificial abortion postoperative. Methods 500 cases of pregnant women were selected from October 2015 to February 2016 in our hospital by artificial abortion of termination of pregnancy, they were randomly divided into the reference group and the experimental group, each group had 250 cases, the reference group postoperative was treated with conventional drug, the experimental group of patients postoperative oral administration of drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol tablets on the basis of the reference group, the effect of the two groups after treatment were compared. Results The number of patients of vaginal bleeding amountabortion operation After the clinical effect is very ideal, worthy of promoting.%目的:对屈螺酮炔雌醇片应用于人工流产术后的临床效果进行研究。方法选取2015年10月~2016年2月在我院采用人工流产术终止妊娠的早孕妇女500例,随机分为参照组和实验组各250例。参照组患者术后应用常规药物,实验组患者在参照组的基础上术后口服屈螺酮炔雌醇片。对两组术后治疗效果进行比较。结果实验组阴道出血量<月经量的患者人数明显多于参照组,阴道出血时间、月经复潮时间均明显短于参照组,子宫内膜厚度高于参照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论屈螺酮炔雌醇片应用于人工流产术后的临床效果十分理想,值得大力推广。

  12. Experience Gained in the SPS for the Future LHC Abort Gap Cleaning

    Höfle, Wolfgang


    Abort gap cleaning using a transverse damper (feedback) has been previously shown in the RHIC accelerator [1]. We report on experimental results in the SPS [2], where the transverse damper was used to excite transverse oscillations on part of an LHC test beam and, by the induced losses, to create a practically particle free zone. It is proposed to use the same principle for abort gap cleaning in the LHC. For the LHC accelerator, abort gap cleaning may be required at injection energy, during the ramp and at top energy [3]. The transverse excitation can be optimized taking into account the actual bandwidth of the damper systems and the possibility to fully modulate their input signal to match the beam betatron tune distribution.

  13. The dilemma of a practice: experiences of abortion in a public maternity hospital in the city of Salvador, Bahia.

    McCallum, Cecilia; Menezes, Greice; Reis, Ana Paula Dos


    The article discusses abortion and miscarriage from the perspective of women admitted to a public maternity hospital in Salvador (BA), Brazil. Based on qualitative and quantitative research, it draws on participant observation of everyday hospital life. Taking an ethnographic approach, it addresses the hospital experiences of women who had miscarriages or induced abortions, also presenting the views of health professionals. It argues that the way the institution structures care for abortion and miscarriage involves symbolic processes that profoundly affect women's experiences. The discrimination against women who have had abortions/miscarriages is an integral part of the structure, organization and culture of these institutions, and does not derive solely from the individual actions of healthcare personnel.

  14. Constructing abortion as a social problem: “Sex selection” and the British abortion debate


    Between February 2012 and March 2015, the claim that sex selection abortion was taking place in Britain and that action needed to be taken to stop it dominated debate in Britain about abortion. Situating an analysis in sociological and social psychological approaches to the construction of social problems, particularly those considering “feminised” re-framings of anti-abortion arguments, this paper presents an account of this debate. Based on analysis of media coverage, Parliamentary debate and official documents, we focus on claims about grounds (evidence) made to sustain the case that sex selection abortion is a British social problem and highlight how abortion was problematised in new ways. Perhaps most notable, we argue, was the level of largely unchallenged vilification of abortion doctors and providers, on the grounds that they are both law violators and participants in acts of discrimination and violence against women, especially those of Asian heritage. We draw attention to the role of claims made by feminists in the media and in Parliament about “gendercide” as part of this process and argue that those supportive of access to abortion need to critically assess both this aspect of the events and also consider arguments about the problems of “medical power” in the light of what took place.

  15. Expression of AIF-1 and RANTES in Unexplained Spontaneous Abortion and Possible Association with Alloimmune Abortion

    Yong-hong LI; Hai-lin WANG; Ya-juan ZHANG


    Objective To investigate the effects of allograft inflammatory factor-1(AIF-1)and (RANTES) in sera and deciduas on unexplained early spontaneous abortion.Methods AIF-1 and RANTES were examined in sera and deciduas/endometria of 43 unexplained early spontaneous abortion women (group A),40 healthy women with early pregnancy(group B)and 20 healthy women with no pregnancy (group C). Immunohistochemistry and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used in this study. Results AIF-1 protein was expressed both in deciduas of group A and in endometria of group C.In group A, H scores in the recurrent abortion deciduas specimens were significantly greater than those in the first abortion;in endometrium,expression of AIF-1 was greater in the secretory than in proliferative phase of group C.In group B,concentrations of RANTES in sera were higher in 7th-8th week of pregnancy than in 6th-7th and >8th week of pregnancy;expression of AIF-1 protein showed a negative correlation with RASNTES concentration;a significant increase of the RANTES levels in sera and tissue was observed in group B. Conclusion These results demonstrate, for the first time,that AIF-1 are expressed in deciduas of unexplained spontaneous abortion suggesting that AIF-1 involve in alloimmune abortion; RANTES might act as a novel blocking antibody;AIF-1 and RANTES might act as reliable markers for diagnosis of early alloimmune abortion.

  16. Student Nurses View an Abortion Client: Attitude and Context Effects.

    Fischer, Edward H.


    Presents two studies of the relationship between student nurses' attitudes and patient perception with regard to abortion. Results indicate that the student nurses' judgments were related to their prevailing attitude toward abortion and to their religiosity. (Author/MA)

  17. Physician opinions concerning legal abortion in Bogotá, Colombia.

    Stanhope, Kaitlyn; Rochat, Roger; Fink, Lauren; Richardson, Kalie; Brack, Chelsey; Comeau, Dawn


    Since the decriminalisation of abortion in 2006, women in Colombia have continued to seek clandestine abortions, endangering their health and contributing to maternal mortality and morbidity. The goal of this study was to explore physicians' opinions towards and knowledge about legal abortion in Bogotá, Colombia, and key barriers to the legal abortion access. We conducted 13 key informant interviews followed by a survey with a probability sample of 49 doctors working in public hospitals in Bogotá. Interview and survey data showed lack of technical experience in the provision of abortion and nuanced opinions towards its practice. Key informants described ignorance and lack of abortion training in medical schools as key barriers to provision. In the survey, 16/49 respondents had performed an abortion, 24/49 had referred a woman for an abortion and only 33/49 showed correct knowledge of the law.

  18. Medical abortion and the risk of subsequent adverse pregnancy outcomes

    Virk, Jasveer; Zhang, Jun; Olsen, Jørn


    BACKGROUND: The long-term safety of surgical abortion in the first trimester is well established. Despite the increasing use of medical abortion (abortion by means of medication), limited information is available regarding the effects of this procedure on subsequent pregnancies. METHODS: We...... identified all women living in Denmark who had undergone an abortion for nonmedical reasons between 1999 and 2004 and obtained information regarding subsequent pregnancies from national registries. Risks of ectopic pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, preterm birth (at ... weight (abortion were compared with risks in women who had had a first-trimester surgical abortion. RESULTS: Among 11,814 pregnancies in women who had had a previous first-trimester medical abortion (2710 women...

  19. Socioeconomic position and the risk of spontaneous abortion

    Norsker, Filippa Nyboe; Espenhain, Laura; A Rogvi, Sofie


    To investigate the relationship between different indicators of socioeconomic position and the risk of spontaneous abortion.......To investigate the relationship between different indicators of socioeconomic position and the risk of spontaneous abortion....

  20. Pregnancy Choices: Raising the Baby, Adoption, and Abortion

    ... PREGNANCY Pregnancy Choices: Raising the Baby, Adoption, and Abortion • What are my options if I find out ... is financial help available? • If I am considering abortion, what should I know about my state’s laws? • ...

  1. Ethical considerations on methods used in abortions.

    Kluge, Eike-Henner W


    There is a fundamental inconsistency in Western society's treatment of non-human animals on the one hand, and of human foetuses on the other. While most Western countries allow the butchering of animals and their use in experimentation, this must occur under carefully controlled conditions that are intended to minimize their pain and suffering as much as possible. At the same time, most Western countries permit various abortion methods without similar concerns for the developing fetus. The only criteria for deciding which abortion method is used centre in the stage of the pregnancy, the size of the fetus, the health of the pregnant woman and the physician's preference. This is out of step with the underlying ethos of animal cruelty legislation, cannot be justified ethically and should be rectified by adjusting abortion methods to the capacity of the fetus to experience nociception and/or pain.

  2. The politics of abortion and contraception

    Drezgić Rada


    Full Text Available In this article the author challenges several dominant positions that are relevant for understanding demographic trends and contraceptive practices as well as their mutual relationship. First, the author rejects the assumed direct connection between high abortion rates and low fertility. Second, the author challenges the thesis according to which abortions come about because of the lack of contraception and proposes that high abortion rates result from failing contraception i.e. from high failing rates of coitus interruptus which is a preferred method of birth control by men and women in Serbia. Finally, the author argues that giving control over reproductive risk to men does not make women passive victims of male domination. Rather women are, it is argued, active agents in reproducing hegemonic gender roles and relations. In addition, the author shows how gender power relations formed at the micro level may be consequential for macro level politics.

  3. Basal body temperature recordings in spontaneous abortion.

    Cohen, J; Iffy, L; Keyser, H H


    Basal body temperature (BBT) charts taken during the cycle of conception in cases that resulted in spontaneous abortion appear to provide the best available information concerning events associated with time of fertilization in doomed gestations. This study is based on a series of 227 patients who had early spontaneous abortion occurring between January 1967 and December 1974. A diagnosis of pregnancy initiated regular assays of urinary estrogen and pregnanediol excretion. Patients were instructed to report any bleeding episode which might occur, and to preserve all tissues that might be expelled. A total of 11 basal body temperature charts were obtained from patients who had subsequent early spontaneous abortion. Chromosome studies and histologic investigations were conducted. Another group of 11 consecutive BBT records were obtained from patients who had normal deliveries. The study shows that women with normal cycles experience a midcycle temperature rise requiring 1 to 3 days. In subsequent patients, this time limit was exceeded in 7 out of 11 cases of early abortion, and in 4 of 11 fertilization that resulted in an apparently normal gestation and infant. As temperature rise resulted from vigorous progesterone secretion by the corpus luteum, subnormal levels indicate inadequate steroidogenesis in the early luteal phase, and falling estrogen and progesterone levels predicted fetal demise in all cases. These findings are useful in the management of early pregnancy that follows repeated spontaneous first trimester abortions or a prolonged period of infertility. They also confirm experimental and clinical evidence regarding the role of ovulation defects in the occurrence of various types of reproductive wastage, including early abortion, anatomic and chromosome defects of the embryo and others. Prospective studies of cycles of conception through BBT recordings/hormone assays may shed light in the understanding of defects of human reproduction.

  4. Abortion laws in African Commonwealth countries.

    Cook, R J; Dickens, B M


    This paper provides an overview of the range of current (1981) abortion laws in the African Commonwealth countries, traces the origins of the laws to their colonial predecessors, and discusses legal reform that would positively provide for legal termination of pregnancy. The authors claim that the range of these laws demonstrates an evolution that leads from customary/common law (Lesotho and Swaziland) to basic law (Botswana, The Gambia, Malawi, Mauritius, Nigeria's Northern States and Seychelles) to developed law (Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria's Southern States, Sierra Leone, and Uganda), and, finally, to advanced law (Zambia and Zimbabwe). The authors call for treating abortion as an issue of health and welfare as opposed to one of crime and punishment. Since most of the basic law de jure is treated and administered as developed law de facto, the authors suggest decriminalizing abortion and propose ways in which to reform the law: clarifying existing law; liberalizing existing law to allow abortion based upon certain indications; limiting/removing women's criminal liability for seeking an abortion; allowing hindsight contraception; protecting providers treating women in good faith; publishing recommended fees for services to protect poor women; protecting providers who treat women with incomplete abortion; and punishing providers who fail to provide care to women in need, with the exception of those seeking protection under a conscience clause. The authors also suggest clarifying the means by which health services involving pregnancy termination may be delivered, including: clarification of the qualifications of practitioners who may treat women; specification of the facilities that may treat women, perhaps broken down by gestational duration of the pregnancy; specifying gestational limits during which the procedure can be performed; clarifying approval procedures and consents; and allowing for conscientious objections to performing the procedure.

  5. Catholic options in the abortion debate.

    Maguire, D C


    The little-known Roman Catholic theological doctrine of probabilism, an ethical system explicated in all manuals of moral theology, is explained using as an example the dilemma of abortion. Probabilism is based on the notion that a doubtful moral obligation may not be imposed as though it were certain. "Ubi dubium, ibi libertas," means where there is doubt, there is freedom. There are 2 types of moral probability, intrinsic probability, where the individual, without the help of moral theologians, perceives the inapplicability of a particular moral teaching; and extrinsic probability, which involves reliance on the findings of 5 or 6 reputable moral theologians, who may hold a liberal view. Probabilism implies a reasonable doubt, and one's reasons must be cogent, but not necessarily conclusive. Today's abortion debate is an example of a respectable debate, where the liberal view has been endorsed by a number of reputable religious or other humanitarian bodies that in some cases abortion is not always immoral. Other examples in history are the view once taught by the church that taking interest on loans was immoral, that depriving slaves and women of civil rights on non-Catholics of religious or political freedom was moral. For today's legislators, there is a precedent throughout theological history for the state permitting an evil: both St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas wrote that prostitution, although evil, should not be outlawed, because worse evils would occur with prohibition. Legislators who personally find abortion always immoral can support a Roe V. Wade decision because 1) it does not require anyone to have an abortion, and 2) the abortion debate, among Catholics, and non-Catholics is not settled.

  6. Abortion and women's roles in society: opinions from Tlaxcala, Mexico


    OBJECTIVE: We aim to assess the opinions of Mexicans in the state of Tlaxcala on abortion and other topics concerning women's reproductive health and status in society. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We summarize opinions on abortion and women's roles in society and perform logit regressions to assess characteristics correlated with support for abortion rights. RESULTS: A majority of respondents were against a woman's right to abortion when asked generally, but when asked about specific circumstances,...

  7. Nursing care according to women in abortion situations

    MARIUTTI, Mariana Gondim; Almeida, Ana Maria; PANOBIANCO, Marislei Sanches


    This qualitative study aimed to understand how women having an abortion experience the nursing care they receive. The statements of 13 hospitalized women were analyzed through content analysis. The central category "Nursing care experienced in situations of abortion" was constituted from 4 subcategories: care centered in physical needs; fear of judgment in abortion situations; legal aspects defining care; the need for support in abortion situations. These women identified nursing care as base...

  8. Policies Affect Preferences: Evidence from Random Variation in Abortion Jurisprudence


    Whether policies shift preferences is relevant to policy design. We exploit the random assignment of U.S. federal judges creating geographically local precedent and the fact that judges’ politics, religion, and race predict decision-making in abortion jurisprudence. Instrumenting for abortion jurisprudence with exogenous judicial characteristics, we estimate the impact of abortion jurisprudence on state laws, campaign donations, and abortion attitudes. We verify information transmission in th...

  9. Post-Abortion Syndrome: A Critical Review of the Literature


    Background and Aim Unwanted pregnancy and abortion are common life events, with an estimated 1 in 5 women experiencing an abortion within their lifetime. Although abortion itself is a relatively minor, safe procedure with minimal physical impact, controversy exists regarding the psychological risks associated with the termination of a pregnancy. A key argument within this debate is whether or not there is such a phenomenon as post-abortion syndrome. Therefore, this study aimed to examine t...

  10. Factors affecting attitudes towards medical abortion in Lithuania

    Lazarus, Jeff; Nielsen, Stine; Jakubcionyte, Rita


    Surgical abortion in Lithuania is governed by a 1994 ministerial decree that made it legal for any woman 16 or older. This article seeks to determine the key demographic factors in Lithuanian attitudes towards medical abortion, which is currently not legal.......Surgical abortion in Lithuania is governed by a 1994 ministerial decree that made it legal for any woman 16 or older. This article seeks to determine the key demographic factors in Lithuanian attitudes towards medical abortion, which is currently not legal....

  11. Analysis of the Spontaneous Abortion in Chinese Married Women

    高尔生; 邓新清; 何更生; 方可娟; 唐威; 楼超华


    The spontaneous abortion is a common type of pregnant outcomes. The spontaneous abortion rate can be used to indicate the women's fecundity and the level of the reproductive health. It is also a sensitive indicator for determing the social, economic, and health status and prenatal care. To explore the preventive method for spontaneous abortion and improve women's health level, it is important to evaluate the status of spontaneous abortion and to determine the factors affecting

  12. Medical abortion. defining success and categorizing failures

    Rørbye, Christina; Nørgaard, Mogens; Vestermark, Vibeke;


    Medical abortion was performed in 461 consecutive women with gestational age LT /= 63 days using a regimen of mifepristone 600 mg followed 2 days later by gemeprost 1 mg vaginally. Success, defined as no surgical intervention, declined from 98.7% after 2 weeks to 94.6% after 15 weeks. The differe......Medical abortion was performed in 461 consecutive women with gestational age LT /= 63 days using a regimen of mifepristone 600 mg followed 2 days later by gemeprost 1 mg vaginally. Success, defined as no surgical intervention, declined from 98.7% after 2 weeks to 94.6% after 15 weeks...

  13. Abortion and contraceptive practices in eastern Europe.

    Kovács, L


    In countries of the CCEE region (Countries of Central and Eastern Europe) the very high incidence of pregnancy termination is characteristic of family planning and the notion 'contraception instead of abortion' has not yet been achieved. The causes and consequences of this unfortunate situation will be reviewed: the reproductive health indicators in the area; the status of contraceptive use and of abortion; the impact of legislation in the different countries; and the efforts to achieve changes. The conclusions of the 'Szeged Declaration' which led to an increase in contraceptive prevalence will be discussed.

  14. Spontaneous abortion and physical strain around implantation

    Hjøllund, Niels Henrik Ingvar; Jensen, T.K.; Bonde, J.P.


    Existing studies of physical strain and spontaneous abortion are mainly retrospective or based only on pregnancies that have survived the first trimester. Furthermore, almost all studies have relied on averaged measures of physical strain, which tend to blur an effect if peak values during short...... pregnancy the women recorded physical strain prospectively in a structured diary. Physical strain around the time of implantation was associated with later spontaneous abortion. The adjusted risk ratio for women who reported physical strain higher than average at day 6 to 9 after the estimated date...

  15. [Abortion level in 5 species of Cestrum L. (Solanaceae)].

    Castro Laportte, M; Ruíz Zapata, T


    We studied the fitness and abortion levels in five species of genus Cestrum L. (Solanaceae) present in a cloud forest of Parque Nacional Henri Pittier, Venezuela. The seed set is variable and the abortion is higher at flowers-fruits and ovule levels, while the S/O ratio is low. We discuss the possible causes of abortion and seed set in these species.

  16. The Expression of Experience: Code's Critique of Gilligan's Abortion Study.

    Pitt, Alice


    Presents a response to Lorraine Code's critique of Carol Gilligan's abortion study. Urges that abortion be read as a socially constructed experience based on more than women's moral decisions. Discusses language and experience to present abortion as an area of contested meaning in historical and ideological constructions of social life. (DK)

  17. 42 CFR 457.475 - Limitations on coverage: Abortions.


    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Limitations on coverage: Abortions. 457.475 Section... State Plan Requirements: Coverage and Benefits § 457.475 Limitations on coverage: Abortions. (a) General rule. FFP under title XXI is not available in expenditures for an abortion, or in expenditures for...

  18. The Effect of Religious Membership on Teen Abortion Rates.

    Tomal, Annette


    Studied abortion rates among teenagers in 1,024 counties in 18 states that report abortion numbers. Results show that counties with high levels of religious membership were more likely to be in a state with a parental involvement law for teenage abortions. Both religious membership level and a parental involvement law were negatively related to…

  19. 21 CFR 884.5070 - Vacuum abortion system.


    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Vacuum abortion system. 884.5070 Section 884.5070 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... § 884.5070 Vacuum abortion system. (a) Identification. A vacuum abortion system is a device designed...


    XUChong; CHENFu; LIULi; ZHAOFei-Sha


    To clarify the possible correlation between antisperm antibodies (ASA) and spontaneous abortion, 68 women, aged 23-37, experienced 2-9 times of spontaneous abortion were tested for ASA by ELISA. 38 fertile women, aged 24-40, without history of abortion were employed as control.

  1. Healthcare for women in process of induced abortion: statements of nursing professionals Asistencia a la mujer en proceso de aborto provocado: discurso de profesionales de enfermería Assistência à mulher em processo de abortamento provocado: discurso de profissionais de enfermagem

    Solange Maria dos Anjos Gesteira


    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To analyze the statements of nursing professionals regarding healthcare provided to women in process of induced abortion. METHODS: Case study with qualitative approach, performed at a public maternity hospital in Salvador BA; data were obtained with the focus group technique, using content analysis. RESULTS: The nursing team professionals perceive abortion as a crime, a sin, and healthcare as discriminatory. The woman's right to speech is denied, with silence being observed along the abortion process. CONCLUSION: The absence of dialogue at the healthcare services makes the possibility of humanized care delivery more distant, turning the implantation of healthcare humanization policies for women in the process of induced abortion a challenge.OBJETIVO: Analizar el discurso de profesionales de enfermería con relación a la asistencia prestada a las mujeres en proceso de aborto provocado. MÉTODOS: Estudio de caso, con abordaje cualitativo; realizado en una maternidad pública de Salvador - BA; los datos fueron obtenidos por medio de la técnica del Grupo Focal utilizando la técnica del análisis de contenido. RESULTADOS: Las profesionales del equipo de enfermería perciben el aborto como crimen, pecado, y la asistencia, como discriminante. A la mujer le es negado el derecho a hablar, por lo que el silencio es observado a lo largo del proceso de aborto. CONCLUSIÓN: La ausencia de diálogo en los servicios de atención vuelve más distante la posibilidad de asistencia humanizada, haciendo que la implantación de la política de humanización de la asistencia a las mujeres en proceso de aborto provocado sea un reto.OBJETIVO: Analisar o discurso de profissionais de enfermagem com relação à assistência prestada às mulheres em processo de abortamento provocado. MÉTODOS: Estudo de caso, com abordagem qualitativa; realizado em uma maternidadepública de Salvador - BA; os dados foram obtidos por meio da técnica do Grupo Focal utilizando

  2. Misoprostol and attempted self-induction of abortion.

    Jones, M M; Fraser, K


    Sporadic reports have documented the use, in countries such as Brazil and Mozambique, of misoprostol to self-induce pregnancy termination (PT). This paper presents the case of a young woman from Mozambique who presented to a UK surgery requesting PT . She stated she was concerned about medication she had taken for epigastric pain in early pregnancy. She reluctantly acknowledged the medication was misoprostol obtained from a friend from Portugal. The patient had taken a total dose of 1000 mcg of misoprostol on the same day. After counseling on the potential adverse effects of misoprostol during pregnancy, specifically miscarriage and fetal abnormalities, the woman accepted but later declined a referral for induced abortion. She gave birth to a healthy infant. There is concern that the access to medical information from unregulated sources through the Internet will increase the potentially dangerous use of misoprostol as an abortifacient.

  3. Algorithm for Determination of Orion Ascent Abort Mode Achievability

    Tedesco, Mark B.


    For human spaceflight missions, a launch vehicle failure poses the challenge of returning the crew safely to earth through environments that are often much more stressful than the nominal mission. Manned spaceflight vehicles require continuous abort capability throughout the ascent trajectory to protect the crew in the event of a failure of the launch vehicle. To provide continuous abort coverage during the ascent trajectory, different types of Orion abort modes have been developed. If a launch vehicle failure occurs, the crew must be able to quickly and accurately determine the appropriate abort mode to execute. Early in the ascent, while the Launch Abort System (LAS) is attached, abort mode selection is trivial, and any failures will result in a LAS abort. For failures after LAS jettison, the Service Module (SM) effectors are employed to perform abort maneuvers. Several different SM abort mode options are available depending on the current vehicle location and energy state. During this region of flight the selection of the abort mode that maximizes the survivability of the crew becomes non-trivial. To provide the most accurate and timely information to the crew and the onboard abort decision logic, on-board algorithms have been developed to propagate the abort trajectories based on the current launch vehicle performance and to predict the current abort capability of the Orion vehicle. This paper will provide an overview of the algorithm architecture for determining abort achievability as well as the scalar integration scheme that makes the onboard computation possible. Extension of the algorithm to assessing abort coverage impacts from Orion design modifications and launch vehicle trajectory modifications is also presented.

  4. Association between Nutritional Status with Spontaneous Abortion

    Rahimeh Ahmadi


    Full Text Available Background: Spontaneous abortion is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. We aimed to investigate a possible link between nutrient deficiencies and the risk of spontaneous abortion. Materials and Methods: This case-control study included the case group (n=331 experiencing a spontaneous abortion before 14 weeks of pregnancy and the control group (n=331 who were healthy pregnant women over 14 weeks of pregnancy. The participants filled out Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ, in which they reported their frequency of consumption for a given serving of each food item during the past three months, on a daily, weekly or monthly basis. The reported frequency for each food item was converted to a daily intake. Then, consumption of nutrients was compared between the two groups. Results: There are significant differences between the two groups regarding consumed servings/day of vegetables, bread and cereal, meat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans, fats, oils and dairy products (P=0.012, P<0.001, P=0.004, P<0.001, P=0.019, respectively. There are significant differences between the two groups in all micronutrient including folic acid, iron, vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and zinc (P<0.001. Conclusion: Poor nutrientions may be correlated with increased risk of spontaneous abortion

  5. Abortion Legalization and Childbearing in Mexico.

    Gutiérrez Vázquez, Edith Y; Parrado, Emilio A


    In 2007 abortion was legalized in the Federal District of Mexico, making it the largest jurisdiction in Latin America, outside of Cuba, to allow women to have abortions on request during the first trimester of pregnancy. While the implications of the law for women's health and maternal mortality have been investigated, its potential association with fertility behavior has yet to be assessed. We examine metropolitan-area differences in overall and parity-specific childbearing, as well as the age pattern of childbearing between 2000 and 2010 to identify the contribution of abortion legalization to fertility in Mexico. Our statistical specification applies difference-in-difference regression methods that control for concomitant changes in other socioeconomic predictors of fertility to assess the differential influence of the law across age groups. In addition, we account for prior fertility levels and change to better separate the effect of the law from preceding trends. Overall, the evidence suggests a systematic association between abortion legalization and fertility. The law appears to have contributed to lower fertility in Mexico City compared to other metropolitan areas and prior trends. The influence is mostly visible among women aged 20-34 in connection with the transition to first and second child, with limited impact on teenage fertility. There is some evidence that its effect might be diffusing to the Greater Mexico City Metropolitan area.

  6. The Psychological and Emotional Effects of Abortion.

    Arafat, Ibtihaj S.; Chireau, Ruby M.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological and emotional effects of abortion on women who terminated their pregnancies for social, economic, or personal reasons. These effects were determined, in part, by an analysis of the woman's concept of self, the external support given, and the various coping mechanisms utilized in the…

  7. Medical abortion. defining success and categorizing failures

    Rørbye, Christina; Nørgaard, Mogens; Vestermark, Vibeke


    Medical abortion was performed in 461 consecutive women with gestational age LT /= 63 days using a regimen of mifepristone 600 mg followed 2 days later by gemeprost 1 mg vaginally. Success, defined as no surgical intervention, declined from 98.7% after 2 weeks to 94.6% after 15 weeks. The differe......Medical abortion was performed in 461 consecutive women with gestational age LT /= 63 days using a regimen of mifepristone 600 mg followed 2 days later by gemeprost 1 mg vaginally. Success, defined as no surgical intervention, declined from 98.7% after 2 weeks to 94.6% after 15 weeks....... The difference in short- and long-term success rates increased with increasing gestational age. The majority of failures (76%) were diagnosed more than 2 weeks after initiation of the abortion. At a 2-week follow-up visit, the women who turned out to be failures had a larger endometrial width, higher beta......-hCG values and smaller reductions of beta-hCG than those treated successfully. To optimize comparison of success rates after different medical abortion regimens, we suggest that the criteria for success are stated clearly, that the success rates are stratified according to gestational age...

  8. Abortion Services and Military Medical Facilities


    general.83 However, the Senate agreed, subject to certain limitations, to consider legislation, S. 1104,84 “to provide for parental involvement in...Senators Frist and Brownback), would “provide for parental involvement in the performance of abortions for dependent children of members of the Armed

  9. Spiral kicker for the beam abort system

    Martin, R.L.


    A brief study was carried out to determine the feasibility of a special kicker to produce a damped spiral beam at the beam dump for the beam abort system. There appears to be no problem with realizing this concept at a reasonably low cost.

  10. Spontaneous abortion and physical strain around implantation

    Hjollund, N H; Jensen, Tina Kold; Bonde, Jens Peter


    pregnancy the women recorded physical strain prospectively in a structured diary. Physical strain around the time of implantation was associated with later spontaneous abortion. The adjusted risk ratio for women who reported physical strain higher than average at day 6 to 9 after the estimated date...

  11. Abortion Legalization and Life-Cycle Fertility

    Ananat, Elizabeth Oltmans; Gruber, Jonathan; Levine, Phillip


    The early-1970s abortion legalization led to a significant drop in fertility. We investigate whether this decline represented a delay in births or a permanent reduction in fertility. We combine Census and Vital Statistics data to compare the lifetime fertility of women born in early-legalizing states, whose peak childbearing years occurred in the…

  12. Review on abort trajectory for manned lunar landing mission


    Abort trajectory is a passage that ensures the astronauts to return safely to the earth when an emergency occurs. Firstly,the essential elements of mission abort are analyzed entirely based on summarizing the existing studies. Then,abort trajectory requirement and rational selection for different flight phases of typical manned lunar mission are discussed specifically. Considering a trade-off between the two primary constrains of an abort,the return time of flight and energy requirement,a general optimizing method for mission abort is proposed. Finally,some suggestions are given for China’s future manned lunar landing mission.

  13. Why don’t humanitarian organizations provide safe abortion services?

    McGinn, Therese; Casey, Sara E


    Background Although sexual and reproductive health services have become more available in humanitarian settings over the last decade, safe abortion services are still rarely provided. The authors’ observations suggest that four reasons are typically given for this gap: ‘There’s no need’; ‘Abortion is too complicated to provide in crises’; ‘Donors don’t fund abortion services’; and ‘Abortion is illegal’. Discussion However, each of these reasons is based on false premises. Unsafe abortion is a...

  14. An alternate mechanism of abortive release marked by the formation of very long abortive transcripts.

    Chander, Monica; Austin, Karyn M; Aye-Han, Nwe-Nwe; Sircar, Piya; Hsu, Lilian M


    The Esigma70-dependent N25 promoter is rate-limited at promoter escape. Here, RNA polymerase repeatedly initiates and aborts transcription, giving rise to a ladder of short RNAs 2-11 nucleotides long. Certain mutations in the initial transcribed sequence (ITS) of N25 lengthen the abortive initiation program, resulting in the release of very long abortive transcripts (VLATs) 16-19 nucleotides long. This phenomenon is completely dependent on sequences within the first 20 bases of the ITS since altering sequences downstream of +20 has no effect on their formation. VLAT formation also requires strong interactions between RNA polymerase and the promoter. Mutations that change the -35 and -10 hexamers and the intervening 17 base pair spacer away from consensus decrease the probability of aborting at positions +16 to +19. An unusual characteristic of the VLATs is their undiminished levels in the presence of GreB, which rescues abortive RNAs (abortive release at VLAT positions.

  15. Psychology Consequences of Abortion Among The Post Abortion Care Seeking Women in Tehran

    Abolghasem Pourreza


    Full Text Available "nObjective: abortion either medical or criminal has distinctive physical, social, and psychological side effects. Detecting types and frequent psychological side effects of abortion among post abortion care seeking women in Tehran was the main objective of the present study. "n Method: 278 women of reproductive age (15-49 interviewed as study population. Response rate was 93/8. Data collected through a questionnaire with 2 parts meeting broad socio-economic characteristics of the respondents and health- related abortion consequences. Tehran hospitals were the site of study. "nResults: The results revealed that at least one-third of the respondents have experienced psychological side effects. Depression, worrying about not being able to conceive again and abnormal eating behaviors were reported as dominant psychological consequences of abortion among the respondents. Decreased self-esteem, nightmare, guilt, and regret with 43.7%, 39.5%, 37.5%, and 33.3% prevalence rates have been placed in the lower status, respectively. "nConclusion: Psychological consequences of abortion have considerably been neglected. Several barriers made findings limited. Different types of psychological side effects, however, experienced by the study population require more intensive attention because of chronic characteristic of psychological disorders, and women's health impact on family and population health.

  16. Measuring stigma among abortion providers: assessing the Abortion Provider Stigma Survey instrument.

    Martin, Lisa A; Debbink, Michelle; Hassinger, Jane; Youatt, Emily; Eagen-Torkko, Meghan; Harris, Lisa H


    We explored the psychometric properties of 15 survey questions that assessed abortion providers' perceptions of stigma and its impact on providers' professional and personal lives referred to as the Abortion Provider Stigma Survey (APSS). We administered the survey to a sample of abortion providers recruited for the Providers' Share Workshop (N = 55). We then completed analyses using Stata SE/12.0. Exploratory factor analysis, which resulted in 13 retained items and identified three subscales: disclosure management, resistance and resilience, and discrimination. Stigma was salient in abortion provider's lives: they identified difficulties surrounding disclosure (66%) and felt unappreciated by society (89%). Simultaneously, workers felt they made a positive contribution to society (92%) and took pride in their work (98%). Paired t-test analyses of the pre- and post-Workshop APSS scores showed no changes in the total score. However, the Disclosure Management subscale scores were significantly lower (indicating decreased stigma) for two subgroups of participants: those over the age of 30 and those with children. This analysis is a promising first step in the development of a quantitative tool for capturing abortion providers' experiences of and responses to pervasive abortion stigma.

  17. Orion Launch Abort Vehicle Attitude Control Motor Testing

    Murphy, Kelly J.; Brauckmann, Gregory J.; Paschal, Keith B.; Chan, David T.; Walker, Eric L.; Foley, Robert; Mayfield, David; Cross, Jared


    Current Orion Launch Abort Vehicle (LAV) configurations use an eight-jet, solid-fueled Attitude Control Motor (ACM) to provide required vehicle control for all proposed abort trajectories. Due to the forward position of the ACM on the LAV, it is necessary to assess the effects of jet-interactions (JI) between the various ACM nozzle plumes and the external flow along the outside surfaces of the vehicle. These JI-induced changes in flight control characteristics must be accounted for in developing ACM operations and LAV flight characteristics. A test program to generate jet interaction aerodynamic increment data for multiple LAV configurations was conducted in the NASA Ames and NASA Langley Unitary Plan Wind Tunnels from August 2007 through December 2009. Using cold air as the simulant gas, powered subscale models were used to generate interaction data at subsonic, transonic, and supersonic test conditions. This paper presents an overview of the complete ACM JI experimental test program for Orion LAV configurations, highlighting ACM system modeling, nozzle scaling assumptions, experimental test techniques, and data reduction methodologies. Lessons learned are discussed, and sample jet interaction data are shown. These data, in conjunction with computational predictions, were used to create the ACM JI increments for all relevant flight databases.

  18. Comparison of Two Recent Launch Abort Platforms

    Dittemore, Gary D.; Harding, Adam


    The development of new and safer manned space vehicles is a top priority at NASA. Recently two different approaches of how to accomplish this mission of keeping astronauts safe was successfully demonstrated. With work already underway on an Apollo-like launch abort system for the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV), an alternative design concept named the Max Launch Abort System, or MLAS, was developed as a parallel effort. The Orion system, managed by the Constellation office, is based on the design of a single solid launch abort motor in a tower positioned above the capsule. The MLAS design takes a different approach placing the solid launch abort motor underneath the capsule. This effort was led by the NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC). Both escape systems were designed with the Ares I Rocket as the launch vehicle and had the same primary requirement to safely propel a crew module away from any emergency event either on the launch pad or during accent. Beyond these two parameters, there was little else in common between the two projects, except that they both concluded in successful launches that will further promote the development of crew launch abort systems. A comparison of these projects from the standpoint of technical requirements; program management and flight test objectives will be done to highlight the synergistic lessons learned by two engineers who worked on each program. This comparison will demonstrate how the scope of the project architecture and management involvement in innovation should be tailored to meet the specific needs of the system under development.

  19. Toxoplasma gondii abortion storm in sheep on a Texas farm and isolation of mouse virulent atypical genotype T. gondii from an aborted lamb from a chronically infected ewe.

    Edwards, John F; Dubey, J P


    Sheep are commonly infected with the protozoan parasite, Toxoplasma gondii. Infection may cause early embryonic death and resorption, fetal death and mummification, abortion, stillbirth, and neonatal death. Most sheep acquire T. gondii infection after birth. Recent studies reported that congenital ovine transmission of T. gondii may be more common than previously believed, but these findings are solely based on PCR data and require confirmation using other techniques to verify the findings. In the present study, during the lambing season of 2005 a toxoplasmosis abortion storm occurred in a flock of purebred Suffolk ewes on a farm in Texas. Only 14 healthy lambs were born, and 38 abortuses, mummies and weak or stillborn lambs were delivered. Another 15 fetuses identified by ultrasound were presumably resorbed or were aborted undetected. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 37 (94.8%) of the 39 ewes and 30 of them had high titers (1:3200 or higher) when tested in the modified agglutination test (MAT). In the 2006 lambing season, two (both with MAT titers of ≥ 3200 in 2005) of 26 ewes delivered T. gondii infected lambs. T. gondii tissue cysts were found histologically in lesions of encephalitis in a lamb from one ewe and viable T. gondii (designated TgShUs55) was isolated from the brain and heart of a lamb from the second ewe. TheTgShUs55 had an atypical genotype using 10 PCR-RFLP markers, and was 100% lethal for Swiss Webster mice, irrespective of the dose or the stage of the parasite inoculated. In subsequent seasons, the ewes lambed normally. The results of the present study support the hypothesis that most sheep that have aborted due to T. gondii develop protection against future toxoplasmosis induced abortion, but the protection is not absolute.

  20. Unsafe Abortion- A Tragic Saga of Maternal Suffering

    M C Regmi


    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Unsafe abortion is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in developing countries despite provision of adequate care and legalization of abortion. The aim of this study was to find out the contribution of unsafe abortion in maternal mortality and its other consequences. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in BPKIHS between 2005 April to 2008 September analyzing all the unsafe abortion related admissions. RESULTS: There were 70 unsafe abortion patients. Majority of them (52.8% were of high grade. Most of them recovered but there were total 8maternal deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Unsafe abortion is still a significant medical and social problem even in post legalization era of this country. Keywords: abortion, legalization, maternal death, unsafe.