WorldWideScience

Sample records for abbreviations

  1. Abbreviations in Maritime English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Zhirong

    2011-01-01

    Aiming at the phenomena that more and more abbreviations occur in maritime English correspondences, the composing laws of the abbreviations in maritime English correspondence are analyzed, and the correct methods to answer the abbreviations are pointed out, and the translation method of abbreviations are summarized in this article, and the…

  2. FDA Acronyms and Abbreviations

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The FDA Acronyms and Abbreviations database provides a quick reference to acronyms and abbreviations related to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) activities

  3. Deciphering Journal Abbreviations with JAbbr

    OpenAIRE

    Keith Jenkins

    2009-01-01

    JAbbr is an online tool developed at Cornell University to help users decipher journal title abbreviations. This article discusses why these abbreviations are so problematic, and how traditional tools are often insufficient, and then describes the novel approach used by JAbbr. Given an abbreviation, JAbbr creates a regular expression for fuzzy matching, tests it against a list of serial titles extracted from the library catalog, and returns a list of possible matches to the user. JAbbr is ava...

  4. Deciphering Journal Abbreviations with JAbbr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keith Jenkins

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available JAbbr is an online tool developed at Cornell University to help users decipher journal title abbreviations. This article discusses why these abbreviations are so problematic, and how traditional tools are often insufficient, and then describes the novel approach used by JAbbr. Given an abbreviation, JAbbr creates a regular expression for fuzzy matching, tests it against a list of serial titles extracted from the library catalog, and returns a list of possible matches to the user. JAbbr is available as a web site and as a web service.

  5. Global change: Acronyms and abbreviations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woodard, C.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Stoss, F.W. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center

    1995-05-01

    This list of acronyms and abbreviations is compiled to provide the user with a ready reference to dicipher the linguistic initialisms and abridgements for the study of global change. The terms included in this first edition were selected from a wide variety of sources: technical reports, policy documents, global change program announcements, newsletters, and other periodicals. The disciplinary interests covered by this document include agriculture, atmospheric science, ecology, environmental science, oceanography, policy science, and other fields. In addition to its availability in hard copy, the list of acronyms and abbreviations is available in DOS-formatted diskettes and through CDIAC`s anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) area on the Internet.

  6. Will Banning Foreign Abbreviations Help?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ From early April, China's national broad-caster CCTV banned the use of borrowed English abbreviations such as NBA, GDP, WTO and CPI in all its programs. The move was launched in line with a government directive after several national legislators and political advisors called for the preservation of the Chinese language's purity.

  7. Classification and Translation of Chinese Abbreviations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭颖婷

    2014-01-01

    Chinese abbreviation, containing fewer words and delivering a wealth of information, is a vital component of Chinese language. But the tremendous differences between Chinese and English make it an arduous task to translate Chinese abbreviations into English. Based on the analyses of the structure and patterns of word-formation of Chinese abbreviations, it makes a classifi-cation of Chinese abbreviations, summarize the translation methods, and point out some attention points in translation. A system-atic analysis on the structure and classification of Chinese abbreviations will be beneficial to reduce the mistakes in its translation.

  8. Abbreviations

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    CBA Cost-Benefit Analysis CBD Convention on Biological Diversity CGAPS Coordinating Group on Alien Pest Species CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora CRC Cooperative Research Center for Australian Weed Management DAE Direction des affaires économiques, New Caledonia DAVAR Direction des affaires vétérinaire, alimentaire et rurale, New Caledonia DDE-E Direction du développement économique et de l’environnement, New Caledonia. DDR Direction du déve...

  9. Abbreviations

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    "AB" The official French logo for certified organic produce ("Agriculture Biologique") CF Conventional farming EF Ecological farming IFS Integrated farming systems LIF Low-input farming OF Organic farming OFgc Organic farming under group certification AFSAA Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments (French food safety agency) AMAP Association pour le Maintien d'une Agriculture Paysanne (Association for the maintenance of small-scale farming – there is a network of such associations ...

  10. Acronyms, initialisms, and abbreviations: Fourth Revision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tolman, B.J. [comp.

    1994-04-01

    This document lists acronyms used in technical writing. The immense list is supplemented by an appendix containing chemical elements, classified information access, common abbreviations used for functions, conversion factors for selected SI units, a flowcharting template, greek alphabet, metrix terminology, proofreader`s marks, signs and symbols, and state abbreviations.

  11. Abbreviation and acronym disambiguation in clinical discourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakhomov, Sergeui; Pedersen, Ted; Chute, Christopher G

    2005-01-01

    Use of abbreviations and acronyms is pervasive in clinical reports despite many efforts to limit the use of ambiguous and unsanctioned abbreviations and acronyms. Due to the fact that many abbreviations and acronyms are ambiguous with respect to their sense, complete and accurate text analysis is impossible without identification of the sense that was intended for a given abbreviation or acronym. We present the results of an experiment where we used the contexts harvested from the Internet through Google API to collect contextual data for a set of 8 acronyms found in clinical notes at the Mayo Clinic. We then used the contexts to disambiguate the sense of abbreviations in a manually annotated corpus.

  12. ISO Abbreviations for Names of Polymeric Substances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Jarm

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The use of abbreviations for the names of polymers is practical and economic in written and spoken language. Taking into consideration the several hundreds of polymers appearing in literature annually, some of them having complicated structures, it is almost impossible to derive a systematic and unique abbreviation to polymer structures. Therefore, IUPAC has taken over the well-established ISO list of abbreviated terms (about 120 items mainly selected on the basis of the scale of production. The presented ISO nomenclature is not necessarily in accord with IUPAC recommendations.

  13. 40 CFR 600.403-77 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Dealer Availability of Fuel Economy Information § 600.403-77 Abbreviations....

  14. MBA: a literature mining system for extracting biomedical abbreviations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei YiMing

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The exploding growth of the biomedical literature presents many challenges for biological researchers. One such challenge is from the use of a great deal of abbreviations. Extracting abbreviations and their definitions accurately is very helpful to biologists and also facilitates biomedical text analysis. Existing approaches fall into four broad categories: rule based, machine learning based, text alignment based and statistically based. State of the art methods either focus exclusively on acronym-type abbreviations, or could not recognize rare abbreviations. We propose a systematic method to extract abbreviations effectively. At first a scoring method is used to classify the abbreviations into acronym-type and non-acronym-type abbreviations, and then their corresponding definitions are identified by two different methods: text alignment algorithm for the former, statistical method for the latter. Results A literature mining system MBA was constructed to extract both acronym-type and non-acronym-type abbreviations. An abbreviation-tagged literature corpus, called Medstract gold standard corpus, was used to evaluate the system. MBA achieved a recall of 88% at the precision of 91% on the Medstract gold-standard EVALUATION Corpus. Conclusion We present a new literature mining system MBA for extracting biomedical abbreviations. Our evaluation demonstrates that the MBA system performs better than the others. It can identify the definition of not only acronym-type abbreviations including a little irregular acronym-type abbreviations (e.g., , but also non-acronym-type abbreviations (e.g., .

  15. 40 CFR 86.203-94 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Abbreviations. 86.203-94 Section 86.203-94 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Later Model Year Gasoline-Fueled New Light-Duty Vehicles, New Light-Duty Trucks and New...

  16. 40 CFR 72.3 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 16 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. 72.3 Section 72.3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR..., abbreviations, and acronyms. Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this part are defined as follows...

  17. 40 CFR 96.303 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. 96.303 Section 96.303 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR..., abbreviations, and acronyms. Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this subpart and subparts BBBB...

  18. 40 CFR 91.303 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Acronyms and abbreviations. 91.303 Section 91.303 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS....303 Acronyms and abbreviations. (a) The acronyms and abbreviations in § 91.5 apply to this subpart. (b...

  19. 40 CFR 89.3 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Acronyms and abbreviations. 89.3...) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES General § 89.3 Acronyms and abbreviations. The following acronyms and abbreviations apply to part 89. AECD Auxiliary emission control device...

  20. 40 CFR 60.4103 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. 60.4103 Section 60.4103 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR....4103 Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this...

  1. 40 CFR 91.4 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Acronyms and abbreviations. 91.4...) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES General § 91.4 Acronyms and abbreviations. The following acronyms and abbreviations apply to this part 91. AECD—Auxiliary emission control device ASME...

  2. 40 CFR 90.5 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Acronyms and abbreviations. 90.5...) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES AT OR BELOW 19 KILOWATTS General § 90.5 Acronyms and abbreviations. The following acronyms and abbreviations apply to part 90. AECD—Auxiliary emission...

  3. The stylistic coloring of abbreviation in Business English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李美玲

    2011-01-01

    It is obvious to apply different vocabulary in various styles. As application of vocabulary becomes more, the distinct stylistic coloring is forming gradually. In this paper, it studies the definitions, structures, features ,of abbreviation in Business English. After that, it summarizes the stylistic coloring of abbreviation in Business English, and proves the necessity and importance to study abbreviation in Business English.

  4. Using UMLS lexical resources to disambiguate abbreviations in clinical text.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Youngjun; Hurdle, John; Meystre, Stéphane M

    2011-01-01

    Clinical text is rich in acronyms and abbreviations, and they are highly ambiguous. As a pre-processing step before subsequent NLP analysis, we are developing and evaluating clinical abbreviation disambiguation methods. The evaluation of two sequential steps, the detection and the disambiguation of abbreviations, is reported here, for various types of clinical notes. For abbreviations detection, our result indicated the SPECIALIST Lexicon LRABR needed to be revised for better abbreviation detection. Our semi-supervised method using generated training data based on expanded form matching for 12 frequent abbreviations in our clinical notes reached over 90% accuracy in five-fold cross validation and unsupervised approach produced comparable results with the semi-supervised methods.

  5. Abbreviated guide pneumatic conveying design guide

    CERN Document Server

    Mills, David

    1990-01-01

    Abbreviated Guide: Pneumatic Conveying Design Guide describes the selection, design, and specification of conventional pneumatic conveying systems. The design procedure uses previous test data on the materials to be conveyed. The book also discusses system economics, operating costs, the choice of appropriate components or systems, system control, and system flexibility. The design system involves the type of conveying system for installation, the pipeline parameters, and also the plant components. System selection covers the properties of the material to be conveyed, plant layout, material pr

  6. 40 CFR 97.203 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... acronyms. 97.203 Section 97.203 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... Trading Program General Provisions § 97.203 Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this subpart and subparts BBB through III are defined as follows: Btu...

  7. 40 CFR 97.103 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... acronyms. 97.103 Section 97.103 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... Annual Trading Program General Provisions § 97.103 Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this subpart and subparts BB through II are defined as...

  8. 40 CFR 97.303 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... acronyms. 97.303 Section 97.303 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... Ozone Season Trading Program General Provisions § 97.303 Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this subpart and subparts BBBB through IIII are defined as...

  9. 40 CFR 96.3 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. 96.3 Section 96.3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... acronyms. Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this part are defined as follows: Btu—British...

  10. 40 CFR 96.103 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. 96.103 Section 96.103 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... acronyms. Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this subpart and subparts BB through II are...

  11. 40 CFR 97.3 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... acronyms. 97.3 Section 97.3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... Trading Program General Provisions § 97.3 Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this part are defined as follows: Btu-British thermal unit. CO2-carbon...

  12. 40 CFR 96.203 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms. 96.203 Section 96.203 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR... acronyms. Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms used in this subpart and subparts BBB through III are...

  13. 7 CFR 1951.852 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 14 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Definitions and abbreviations. 1951.852 Section 1951....852 Definitions and abbreviations. (a) General definitions. The following definitions are applicable...) Low-income. The level of income of a person or family which is at or below the Poverty Guidelines as...

  14. 32 CFR 516.3 - Explanation of abbreviations and terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION General § 516.3 Explanation of abbreviations and terms. (a) The Glossary contains explanations of abbreviations and terms. (b) The masculine gender has been used throughout this regulation for simplicity and consistency. Any reference to the masculine gender is...

  15. 40 CFR 205.155 - Motorcycle class and manufacturer abbreviation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Motorcycle class and manufacturer abbreviation. 205.155 Section 205.155 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... Motorcycle class and manufacturer abbreviation. (a) Motorcycles must be grouped into classes determined...

  16. Abbreviations and acronyms: the case of Tlhalosi ya

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    creation of new abbreviations and acronyms because of new technologies such as mobile ... single words, as in NATO, NASA or UNESCO. Landau (1989: 27), on ..... Technology Research and Innovation); BOCRA (Botswana Communications.

  17. 32 CFR Attachment 1 to Part 855 - Glossary of References, Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Glossary of References, Abbreviations, Acronyms... Attachment 1 to Part 855—Glossary of References, Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms Section A—References AFPD... Carriers Section B—Abbreviations and Acronyms Abbreviations and acronyms Definitions AFI Air Force...

  18. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 806 - Abbreviations and Acronyms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Abbreviations and Acronyms B Appendix B to Part 806 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION AIR... Acronyms AFCA—Air Force Communications Agency AFCIC—Air Force Communications and Information Center AFRC...

  19. 40 CFR 87.2 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Acronyms and abbreviations. 87.2 Section 87.2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM AIRCRAFT AND AIRCRAFT ENGINES General Provisions § 87.2 Acronyms and...

  20. 7 CFR 770.2 - Abbreviations and definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Interior pursuant to the Indian Reorganization Act. Reserve is an account established for loans approved in... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INDIAN TRIBAL LAND ACQUISITION LOANS § 770.2 Abbreviations and definitions. (a... requirements of part 761 of this chapter. Applicant is a Native American tribe or tribal corporation...

  1. 27 CFR 19.726 - Authorized abbreviations to identify spirits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... records: Kinds of spirits Abbreviations Alcohol A Brandy BR Bourbon Whisky BW Canadian Whisky CNW Completely Denatured Alcohol CDA Corn Whisky CW Grain Spirits GS Irish Whisky IW Light Whisky LW Malt Whisky MW Neutral Spirits NS Neutral Spirits Grain NSG Rye Whisky RW Scotch Whisky SW Specially...

  2. Abbreviated Pandemic Influenza Planning Template for Primary Care Offices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HCTT CHE

    2010-01-01

    The Abbreviated Pandemic Influenza Plan Template for Primary Care Provider Offices is intended to assist primary care providers and office managers with preparing their offices for quickly putting a plan in place to handle an increase in patient calls and visits, whether during the 2009-2010 influenza season or future influenza seasons.

  3. 16 CFR 300.9 - Abbreviations, ditto marks, and asterisks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Abbreviations, ditto marks, and asterisks..., ditto marks, and asterisks. (a) In disclosing required information, words or terms shall not be designated by ditto marks or appear in footnotes referred to by asterisks or other symbols in...

  4. Children's Text Messaging: Abbreviations, Input Methods and Links with Literacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kemp, N.; Bushnell, C.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of mobile phone text-messaging method (predictive and multi-press) and experience (in texters and non-texters) on children's textism use and understanding. It also examined popular claims that the use of text-message abbreviations, or "textese" spelling, is associated with poor literacy skills. A sample of 86…

  5. 76 FR 44013 - Draft Guidance for Industry: Implementation of Acceptable Full-Length and Abbreviated Donor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    .... The Plasma Protein Therapeutics Association (PPTA) Source Plasma donor history questionnaires and... Full- Length and Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaires and Accompanying Materials for Use in... entitled ``Guidance for Industry: Implementation of Acceptable Full-Length and Abbreviated Donor History...

  6. 76 FR 13880 - Investigational New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Technical Amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 312 and 314 Investigational New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Technical Amendment AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration... amending its investigational new drug application (IND) regulations and abbreviated new drug...

  7. Predicting Chinese Abbreviations from Definitions: An Empirical Learning Approach Using Support Vector Regression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Sun; Hou-Feng Wang; Bo Wang

    2008-01-01

    In Chinese, phrases and named entities play a central role in information retrieval. Abbreviations, however,make keyword-based approaches less effective. This paper presents an empirical learning approach to Chinese abbreviation prediction. In this study, each abbreviation is taken as a reduced form of the corresponding definition (expanded form),and the abbreviation prediction is formalized as a scoring and ranking problem among abbreviation candidates, which are automatically generated from the corresponding definition. By employing Support Vector Regression (SVR) for scoring,we can obtain multiple abbreviation candidates together with their SVR values, which are used for candidate ranking.Experimental results show that the SVR method performs better than the popular heuristic rule of abbreviation prediction.In addition, in abbreviation prediction, the SVR method outperforms the hidden Markov model (HMM).

  8. 21 CFR 314.127 - Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.127 Refusal to approve an abbreviated new...

  9. Abbreviated MRI Protocols: Wave of the Future for Breast Cancer Screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chhor, Chloe M; Mercado, Cecilia L

    2017-02-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe the use of abbreviated breast MRI protocols for improving access to screening for women at intermediate risk. Breast MRI is not a cost-effective modality for screening women at intermediate risk, including those with dense breast tissue as the only risk. Abbreviated breast MRI protocols have been proposed as a way of achieving efficiency and rapid throughput. Use of these abbreviated protocols may increase availability and provide women with greater access to breast MRI.

  10. Validation of an abbreviated quality of life scale for schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fervaha, Gagan; Remington, Gary

    2013-09-01

    The field of therapeutics in schizophrenia is redefining optimal outcome, moving beyond clinical remission to a more comprehensive model that also includes functional recovery. The Quality of Life Scale (QLS) has been adopted by many large clinical trials, including CATIE and CUtLASS, as a measure of functioning. The QLS is a 21-item semi-structured interview that takes approximately 45min to administer. Although the QLS is considered comprehensive, its length limits its applicability across studies. To circumvent this issue, short scales of the QLS have been created that estimate total scores with high accuracy. However, these abbreviated measures have not been adequately cross-validated in a large enough sample to allow for subsample estimations nor has its predictive ability been compared to the full scale. Here, we used data from the CATIE trial (n=1460) to demonstrate the validity and utility of an abbreviated 7-item QLS. The shortened QLS was robust in estimating total scores (r=0.953, p<0.001) across subsamples and demonstrated predictive ability similar to the full QLS in multiple regression models. The abridged QLS is recommended as a surrogate measure of psychosocial functioning, especially in cases where functioning is not the primary outcome. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. and ECNP. All rights reserved.

  11. 78 FR 26785 - Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaire...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-08

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a document entitled ``Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaire and Accompanying Materials for Use in Screening Frequent Donors of Blood and Blood Components'' dated May 2013. The guidance document recognizes the abbreviated donor history questionnaire and accompanying......

  12. 76 FR 65735 - Draft Guidance for Industry: Implementation of Acceptable Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaire...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a draft document entitled ``Guidance for Industry: Implementation of Acceptable Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaire and Accompanying Materials for Use in Screening Frequent Donors of Blood and Blood Components'' dated October 2011. The draft guidance document recognizes the abbreviated donor history questionnaire and......

  13. Automatic Word Sense Disambiguation of Acronyms and Abbreviations in Clinical Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Sungrim

    2012-01-01

    The use of acronyms and abbreviations is increasing profoundly in the clinical domain in large part due to the greater adoption of electronic health record (EHR) systems and increased electronic documentation within healthcare. A single acronym or abbreviation may have multiple different meanings or senses. Comprehending the proper meaning of an…

  14. 21 CFR 314.153 - Suspension of approval of an abbreviated new drug application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Suspension of approval of an abbreviated new drug... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG FDA... new drug application. (a) Suspension of approval. The approval of an abbreviated new drug...

  15. 21 CFR 314.101 - Filing an application and receiving an abbreviated new drug application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... new drug application. 314.101 Section 314.101 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... A NEW DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.101 Filing an application and receiving an abbreviated new drug application. (a)(1) Within 60 days after FDA receives...

  16. 77 FR 50702 - Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited; Withdrawal of Approval of 27 Abbreviated New Drug Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-22

    ... Abbreviated New Drug Applications AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is withdrawing approval of 27 abbreviated new drug applications... introduction into interstate commerce of products without approved new drug applications violates section...

  17. 16 CFR 303.5 - Abbreviations, ditto marks, and asterisks prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Abbreviations, ditto marks, and asterisks... Abbreviations, ditto marks, and asterisks prohibited. (a) In disclosing required information, words or terms shall not be designated by ditto marks or appear in footnotes referred to by asterisks or other...

  18. Enhancing acronym/abbreviation knowledge bases with semantic information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torii, Manabu; Liu, Hongfang

    2007-10-11

    In the biomedical domain, a terminology knowledge base that associates acronyms/abbreviations (denoted as SFs) with the definitions (denoted as LFs) is highly needed. For the construction such terminology knowledge base, we investigate the feasibility to build a system automatically assigning semantic categories to LFs extracted from text. Given a collection of pairs (SF,LF) derived from text, we i) assess the coverage of LFs and pairs (SF,LF) in the UMLS and justify the need of a semantic category assignment system; and ii) automatically derive name phrases annotated with semantic category and construct a system using machine learning. Utilizing ADAM, an existing collection of (SF,LF) pairs extracted from MEDLINE, our system achieved an f-measure of 87% when assigning eight UMLS-based semantic groups to LFs. The system has been incorporated into a web interface which integrates SF knowledge from multiple SF knowledge bases. Web site: http://gauss.dbb.georgetown.edu/liblab/SFThesurus.

  19. Compression and the origins of Zipf's law of abbreviation

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrer-i-Cancho, R; Seguin, C

    2015-01-01

    Languages across the world exhibit Zipf's law of abbreviation, namely more frequent words tend to be shorter. The generalized version of the law, namely an inverse relationship between the frequency of a unit and its magnitude, holds also for the behaviors of other species and the genetic code. The apparent universality of this pattern in human language and its ubiquity in other domains calls for a theoretical understanding of its origins. We generalize the information theoretic concept of mean code length as a mean energetic cost function over the probability and the magnitude of the symbols of the alphabet. We show that the minimization of that cost function and a negative correlation between probability and the magnitude of symbols are intimately related.

  20. 78 FR 13071 - Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Full-Length and Abbreviated Donor History...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    ... Plasma Protein Therapeutics Association (PPTA) Source Plasma donor history questionnaires and...- Length and Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaires and Accompanying Materials for Use in Screening... ``Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Full-Length and Abbreviated Donor History...

  1. 76 FR 26307 - Guidance for Industry on the Submission of Summary Bioequivalence Data for Abbreviated New Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry on the Submission of Summary Bioequivalence Data for Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... guidance for industry entitled ``Submission of Summary Bioequivalence Data for Abbreviated New...

  2. 21 CFR 314.152 - Notice of withdrawal of approval of an application or abbreviated application for a new drug.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... or abbreviated application for a new drug. 314.152 Section 314.152 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG... APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.152 Notice of withdrawal of approval of an application or abbreviated application for a new drug. If the Food and...

  3. Pharmacist and Physician Interpretation of Abbreviations for Acetaminophen Intended for Use in a Consumer Icon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saul Shiffman

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Concomitant use of multiple acetaminophen medications is associated with overdose. To help patients identify acetaminophen medications and thus avoid concomitant use, an icon with an abbreviation for “acetaminophen” has been proposed for all acetaminophen medications. This study assessed pharmacists’ and physicians’ use and interpretation of abbreviations for “acetaminophen”, to identify abbreviations with other meanings that might cause confusion. Physicians (n = 150 reported use and interpretation of candidate abbreviations Ac and Acm. Pharmacists (n = 150 interpretations of prescription orders using the candidate abbreviations APAP, Ac, Ace and Acm in typed, handwritten or spoken form, were judged for critical confusions likely to cause patient harm. Critical confusion was rare, except for omission by pharmacists of the acetaminophen dose for Hydrocodone/APAP prescriptions (10%. Ac was in common use to indicate “before meals”, and was interpreted as such, but some physicians (8% said they use Ac to indicate anticoagulant drugs. Most pharmacists (54% interpreted Ace as acetaminophen, and none interpreted it as referring to ACE-inhibitors. Acm was rarely used in prescriptions, had no common interfering meanings, and was often (63% interpreted as acetaminophen, especially when prescribed in combination with an opiate (85%. The data validated concerns about abbreviations in prescribing: all abbreviations resulted in some misinterpretations. However, Acm was rarely misinterpreted, was readily associated with “acetaminophen”, and seemed appropriate for use in a graphic icon to help consumers/patients identify acetaminophen medications.

  4. Processes and changes in Minas Gerais’ 18th century abbreviations: regularity and rupture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aléxia Teles Duchowny

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzed 18th century abbreviations from documents written in Arraial do Tijuco, today Diamantina, in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brachygraphic resources used in religious brotherhoods’ commitments from different social strata were compared to test two hypotheses: (i abbreviations reflect differences between strata and therefore (ii they allow identifying the degree of literacy of writing subjects. The analysis undertaken do not attest the correctness of assumptions, but the generalizations reached indicate that abbreviations, as any other linguistic phenomenon, suffer systematic, organized and multiple change processes, a different result from those that the meagre literature on the subject provides.

  5. Adaptation of abbreviated mathematics anxiety rating scale for engineering students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordin, Sayed Kushairi Sayed; Samat, Khairul Fadzli; Sultan, Al Amin Mohamed; Halim, Bushra Abdul; Ismail, Siti Fatimah; Mafazi, Nurul Wirdah

    2015-05-01

    Mathematics is an essential and fundamental tool used by engineers to analyse and solve problems in their field. Due to this, most engineering education programs involve a concentration of study in mathematics courses whereby engineering students have to take mathematics courses such as numerical methods, differential equations and calculus in the first two years and continue to do so until the completion of the sequence. However, the students struggled and had difficulties in learning courses that require mathematical abilities. Hence, this study presents the factors that caused mathematics anxiety among engineering students using Abbreviated Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (AMARS) through 95 students of Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM). From 25 items in AMARS, principal component analysis (PCA) suggested that there are four mathematics anxiety factors, namely experiences of learning mathematics, cognitive skills, mathematics evaluation anxiety and students' perception on mathematics. Minitab 16 software was used to analyse the nonparametric statistics. Kruskal-Wallis Test indicated that there is a significant difference in the experience of learning mathematics and mathematics evaluation anxiety among races. The Chi-Square Test of Independence revealed that the experience of learning mathematics, cognitive skills and mathematics evaluation anxiety depend on the results of their SPM additional mathematics. Based on this study, it is recommended to address the anxiety problems among engineering students at the early stage of studying in the university. Thus, lecturers should play their part by ensuring a positive classroom environment which encourages students to study mathematics without fear.

  6. 75 FR 77897 - Long Walk National Historic Trail Feasibility Study, Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... trail would be designated, emphasizing the removal experiences common to both tribes. An auto tour route... National Park Service Long Walk National Historic Trail Feasibility Study, Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact Statement, National Trails Intermountain Region, NM AGENCY: National Park Service,...

  7. Abbreviated protocol for breast MRI: Are multiple sequences needed for cancer detection?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mango, Victoria L., E-mail: vlm2125@columbia.edu [Columbia University Medical Center, Herbert Irving Pavilion, 161 Fort Washington Avenue, 10th Floor, New York, NY 10032 (United States); Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Morris, Elizabeth A., E-mail: morrise@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); David Dershaw, D., E-mail: dershawd@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Abramson, Andrea, E-mail: abramsoa@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Fry, Charles, E-mail: charles_fry@nymc.edu [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); New York Medical College, 40 Sunshine Cottage Rd, Valhalla, NY 10595 (United States); Moskowitz, Chaya S. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Hughes, Mary, E-mail: hughesm@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Kaplan, Jennifer, E-mail: kaplanj@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Jochelson, Maxine S., E-mail: jochelsm@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States)

    2015-01-15

    Highlights: • Abbreviated breast MR demonstrates high sensitivity for breast carcinoma detection. • Time to perform/interpret the abbreviated exam is shorter than a standard MRI exam. • An abbreviated breast MRI could reduce costs and make MRI screening more available. - Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the ability of an abbreviated breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol, consisting of a precontrast T1 weighted (T1W) image and single early post-contrast T1W image, to detect breast carcinoma. Materials and methods: A HIPAA compliant Institutional Review Board approved review of 100 consecutive breast MRI examinations in patients with biopsy proven unicentric breast carcinoma. 79% were invasive carcinomas and 21% were ductal carcinoma in situ. Four experienced breast radiologists, blinded to carcinoma location, history and prior examinations, assessed the abbreviated protocol evaluating only the first post-contrast T1W image, post-processed subtracted first post-contrast and subtraction maximum intensity projection images. Detection and localization of tumor were compared to the standard full diagnostic examination consisting of 13 pre-contrast, post-contrast and post-processed sequences. Results: All 100 cancers were visualized on initial reading of the abbreviated protocol by at least one reader. The mean sensitivity for each sequence was 96% for the first post-contrast sequence, 96% for the first post-contrast subtraction sequence and 93% for the subtraction MIP sequence. Within each sequence, there was no significant difference between the sensitivities among the 4 readers (p = 0.471, p = 0.656, p = 0.139). Mean interpretation time was 44 s (range 11–167 s). The abbreviated imaging protocol could be performed in approximately 10–15 min, compared to 30–40 min for the standard protocol. Conclusion: An abbreviated breast MRI protocol allows detection of breast carcinoma. One pre and post-contrast T1W sequence may be adequate for detecting

  8. 76 FR 64951 - Apothecon et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 103 New Drug Applications and 35 Abbreviated New Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Apothecon et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 103 New Drug Applications and 35 Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Correction AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... new drug applications (NDAs) and 35 abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) from multiple...

  9. 78 FR 25749 - Submission of New Drug Application/Abbreviated New Drug Application Field Alert Reports: Notice...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Submission of New Drug Application/Abbreviated New Drug... submit new drug application (NDA) and abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) Field Alert Reports...

  10. Abbreviated quality of life scales for schizophrenia: comparison and utility of two brief community functioning measures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fervaha, Gagan; Foussias, George; Siddiqui, Ishraq; Agid, Ofer; Remington, Gary

    2014-04-01

    The Heinrichs-Carpenter Quality of Life Scale (QLS) is the most extensively used real-world community functioning scale in schizophrenia research. However, the extensive time required to administer it and the inclusion of items that overlap conceptually with negative symptoms limit its use across studies. The present study examined the validity and utility of two abbreviated QLS measures against the full QLS excluding negative symptom items. The sample included 1427 patients with schizophrenia who completed the baseline visit in the CATIE study. The validity of two abbreviated QLS measures (7-item and 4-item) were examined with the full QLS, excluding the intrapsychic foundations subscale, using correlation analysis. The utility of the abbreviated measures was explored by examining associations between the functioning scales and clinical variables and longitudinal change. Both abbreviated QLS measures were highly predictive of the full QLS (both r=0.91, pschizophrenia, especially when assessment of functional outcome is not the focus. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. 77 FR 12877 - Record of Decision for the General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... National Park Service Record of Decision for the General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental... Management Plan for New River Gorge National River, West Virginia. The Record of Decision selects the... the Record of Decision selecting Alternative 5 as the approved General Management Plan for New River...

  12. Automated Disambiguation of Acronyms and Abbreviations in Clinical Texts: Window and Training Size Considerations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Sungrim; Pakhomov, Serguei; Melton, Genevieve B.

    2012-01-01

    Acronyms and abbreviations within electronic clinical texts are widespread and often associated with multiple senses. Automated acronym sense disambiguation (WSD), a task of assigning the context-appropriate sense to ambiguous clinical acronyms and abbreviations, represents an active problem for medical natural language processing (NLP) systems. In this paper, fifty clinical acronyms and abbreviations with 500 samples each were studied using supervised machine-learning techniques (Support Vector Machines (SVM), Naïve Bayes (NB), and Decision Trees (DT)) to optimize the window size and orientation and determine the minimum training sample size needed for optimal performance. Our analysis of window size and orientation showed best performance using a larger left-sided and smaller right-sided window. To achieve an accuracy of over 90%, the minimum required training sample size was approximately 125 samples for SVM classifiers with inverted cross-validation. These findings support future work in clinical acronym and abbreviation WSD and require validation with other clinical texts. PMID:23304410

  13. The Maximum Entropy Approach to Record Abbreviation for Optimal Record Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, P.

    1983-01-01

    Tests performed on 6,260 titles from 3 machine-readable British National Bibliography files using an entropy based technique for abbreviation of text strings for use as a control code found that more than 94 percent of the titles generated a unique seven character code. Six references and an illustrative example are appended. (EJS)

  14. 21 CFR 314.150 - Withdrawal of approval of an application or abbreviated application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW... that is described in the application or abbreviated application and that is essential to show that the... or contract research organization that conducted a bioavailability or bioequivalence study...

  15. Abbreviated Title of the Artwork in the System of Signs by Ch. Peirce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grigoriy Valeryevich Tokarev

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the semiotic aspect of the functioning of the abbreviated title of the postmodern artwork. The authors analyze the relationship of title-sign to the object which it replaces. The title is considered from the perspective of three main features peculiar of the sign in accordance with the Charles S. Peirce's theory. This fact allows us to conclude that, being a sign, the abbreviated title replaces a literary text, which is also expressed in symbolic form of the author's knowledge of reality. In this aspect the title becomes the metasign of its text. It is shown that in this connection, decoding and interpretation process take place in two stages – before reading the text and in the process of its reading and interpretation. It is alleged that the result of the interpretation of the title depends on the reader's competence which is determined by their individual literary scope, as well as by the skills of productive work with the text. On the basis of the classification of signs created by Charles Pierce, it was found that the abbreviated title has a complex semiotic nature combining the features of indexicality, conventionality, and iconicity, the latter of which may be present only in the abbreviated title.

  16. New drug applications and abbreviated new drug applications; technical amendment. Final rule; technical amendment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-06

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its new drug application (NDA) and abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) regulations to update agency contacts for patent information and patent notifications and to correct an inaccurate cross-reference. This action is being taken to ensure accuracy and clarity in the agency's regulations.

  17. 75 FR 37295 - Change of Address; Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Technical Amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-29

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its regulations to update the address for applicants to submit abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) and ANDA amendments, supplements, and resubmissions. FDA is also updating the address for ANDA applicants to submit investigational new drug applications (INDs) for in vivo bioavailability and bioequivalence studies in humans that are......

  18. Evaluating an Abbreviated Version of the Hispanic Stress Inventory for Immigrants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavazos-Rehg, Patricia A.; Zayas, Luis H.; Walker, Mark S.; Fisher, Edwin B.

    2006-01-01

    This study evaluates an abbreviated version of the Hispanic Stress Inventory-Immigrant version (HSI-I) with a nonclinical sample of 143 adult Hispanic immigrants residing in a large midwestern city. The HSI-I consists of 73 items and 5 distinct subscales that assess psychosocial experiences on five dimensions, namely, occupational/economic,…

  19. Psychometric Properties of the Abbreviated Perceived Motivational Climate in Exercise Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, E. Whitney G.; Brown, Theresa C.; Fry, Mary D.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an abbreviated version of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Exercise Questionnaire (PMCEQ-A) to provide a more practical instrument for use in applied exercise settings. In the calibration step, two shortened versions' measurement and latent model values were compared to each other and the original…

  20. Relationship between Acceptable Noise Level and the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freyaldenhoven, Melinda C.; Nabelek, Anna K.; Tampas, Joanna W.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between acceptable noise levels (ANLs) and the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB; R. M. Cox & G. C. Alexander, 1995). This study further examined the APHAB's ability to predict hearing aid use. Method: ANL and APHAB data were collected for 191 listeners with impaired hearing,…

  1. 78 FR 52931 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug Substances and Products, Questions and Answers; Availability AGENCY... announcing the availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``ANDAs: Stability Testing of...

  2. 77 FR 58999 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug... availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``ANDAs: Stability Testing of Drug Substances and... of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``ANDAs: Stability Testing of Drug Substances and...

  3. 75 FR 73108 - Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Impurities in Drug Products...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-29

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications...: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a guidance for industry...) guidance for industry ``Q3B(R) Impurities in New Drug Products,'' which was announced in August 2006....

  4. 78 FR 37231 - Guidance for Industry; Guidance on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry; Guidance on Abbreviated New Drug... the availability of a guidance for industry entitled ``ANDAs: Stability Testing of Drug Substances and... generic drug review, FDA is recommending that the generic drug industry follow the approach in...

  5. Symbolic Capital in a Virtual Heterosexual Market: Abbreviation and Insertion in Italian iTV SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herring, Susan C.; Zelenkauskaite, Asta

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes gender variation in nonstandard typography--specifically, abbreviations and insertions--in mobile phone text messages (SMS) posted to a public Italian interactive television (iTV) program. All broadcast SMS were collected for a period of 2 days from the Web archive for the iTV program, and the frequency and distribution of…

  6. Text-Message Abbreviations and Language Skills in High School and University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Jonge, Sarah; Kemp, Nenagh

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the use of text-message abbreviations (textisms) in Australian adolescents and young adults, and relations between textism use and literacy abilities. Fifty-two high school students aged 13-15 years, and 53 undergraduates aged 18-24 years, all users of predictive texting, translated conventional English sentences into…

  7. Symbolic Capital in a Virtual Heterosexual Market: Abbreviation and Insertion in Italian iTV SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herring, Susan C.; Zelenkauskaite, Asta

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes gender variation in nonstandard typography--specifically, abbreviations and insertions--in mobile phone text messages (SMS) posted to a public Italian interactive television (iTV) program. All broadcast SMS were collected for a period of 2 days from the Web archive for the iTV program, and the frequency and distribution of…

  8. The Use of Abbreviations in English-Medium Astrophysics Research Paper Titles: A Problematic Issue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Méndez, David I.; Alcaraz, M. Ángeles

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we carry out a qualitative and quantitative analysis of abbreviations in 300 randomly collected research paper titles published in the most prestigious European and US-based Astrophysics journals written in English. Our main results show that the process of shortening words and groups of words is one of the most characteristic and…

  9. A novel abbreviation standard for organobromine, organochlorine and organophosphorus flame retardants and some characteristics of the chemicals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Ake; Rydén, Andreas; Law, Robin J; de Boer, Jacob; Covaci, Adrian; Alaee, Mehran; Birnbaum, Linda; Petreas, Myrto; Rose, Martin; Sakai, Shinichi; Van den Eede, Nele; van der Veen, Ike

    2012-11-15

    Ever since the interest in organic environmental contaminants first emerged 50years ago, there has been a need to present discussion of such chemicals and their transformation products using simple abbreviations so as to avoid the repetitive use of long chemical names. As the number of chemicals of concern has increased, the number of abbreviations has also increased dramatically, sometimes resulting in the use of different abbreviations for the same chemical. In this article, we propose abbreviations for flame retardants (FRs) substituted with bromine or chlorine atoms or including a functional group containing phosphorus, i.e. BFRs, CFRs and PFRs, respectively. Due to the large number of halogenated and organophosphorus FRs, it has become increasingly important to develop a strategy for abbreviating the chemical names of FRs. In this paper, a two step procedure is proposed for deriving practical abbreviations (PRABs) for the chemicals discussed. In the first step, structural abbreviations (STABs) are developed using specific STAB criteria based on the FR structure. However, since several of the derived STABs are complicated and long, we propose instead the use of PRABs. These are, commonly, an extract of the most essential part of the STAB, while also considering abbreviations previously used in the literature. We indicate how these can be used to develop an abbreviation that can be generally accepted by scientists and other professionals involved in FR related work. Tables with PRABs and STABs for BFRs, CFRs and PFRs are presented, including CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) numbers, notes of abbreviations that have been used previously, CA (Chemical Abstract) name, common names and trade names, as well as some fundamental physico-chemical constants.

  10. A novel abbreviation standard for organobromine, organochlorine and organophosphorus flame retardants and some characteristics of the chemicals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Åke; Rydén, Andreas; Law, Robin J.; de Boer, Jacob; Covaci, Adrian; Alaee, Mehran; Birnbaum, Linda; Petreas, Myrto; Rose, Martin; Sakai, Shinichi; Van den Eede, Nele; van der Veen, Ike

    2012-01-01

    Ever since the interest in organic environmental contaminants first emerged 50 years ago, there has been a need to present discussion of such chemicals and their transformation products using simple abbreviations so as to avoid the repetitive use of long chemical names. As the number of chemicals of concern has increased, the number of abbreviations has also increased dramatically, sometimes resulting in the use of different abbreviations for the same chemical. In this article, we propose abbreviations for flame retardants (FRs) substituted with bromine or chlorine atoms or including a functional group containing phosphorus, i.e. BFRs, CFRs and PFRs, respectively. Due to the large number of halogenated and organophosphorus FRs, it has become increasingly important to develop a strategy for abbreviating the chemical names of FRs. In this paper, a two step procedure is proposed for deriving practical abbreviations (PRABs) for the chemicals discussed. In the first step, structural abbreviations (STABs) are developed using specific STAB criteria based on the FR structure. However, since several of the derived STABs are complicated and long, we propose instead the use of PRABs. These are, commonly, an extract of the most essential part of the STAB, while also considering abbreviations previously used in the literature. We indicate how these can be used to develop an abbreviation that can be generally accepted by scientists and other professionals involved in FR related work. Tables with PRABs and STABs for BFRs, CFRs and PFRs are presented, including CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) numbers, notes of abbreviations that have been used previously, CA (Chemical Abstract) name, common names and trade names, as well as some fundamental physico-chemical constants. PMID:22982223

  11. McArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory (CDI: Proposal of an abbreviate version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chamarrita Farkas Klein

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The McArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDI assesses language development en children, through a significant caregiver report. The first inventory assesses verbal and non verbal language in infants who are from 8 to 18 months old and it is composed of 949 items distributed in 6 scales. This study proposes an abbreviate form of this instrument, and was tested on families and educators of 130 Chilean children of 11-15 months old. Analyses related to the items, reliability and validity of the instrument and factorial analyses of subscales were realized. The abbreviate version consider 241 items distributed in 4 scales. The evaluation of the psychometric properties of the instrument was acceptable, demonstrating adequate reliability and validity.

  12. Financial reporting by small companies in the UK: the demand for abbreviated accounts

    OpenAIRE

    Collis, Jill

    2003-01-01

    The aim of the study is to provide generalisble evidence of the utility of the statutory financial statements of small companies to the directors. It took the form of a postal questionnaire survey of the directors of a tranche of 385 companies meeting the EC size criteria for a small company. This paper focuses on the factors that influence the filing choices of the directors of these small companies and the demand for abbreviated accounts.

  13. Abbreviated epitaxial growth mode (AGM) method for reducing cost and improving quality of LEDs and lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tansu, Nelson; Chan, Helen M; Vinci, Richard P; Ee, Yik-Khoon; Biser, Jeffrey

    2013-09-24

    The use of an abbreviated GaN growth mode on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire substrates, which utilizes a process of using 15 nm low temperature GaN buffer and bypassing etch-back and recovery processes during epitaxy, enables the growth of high-quality GaN template on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire. The GaN template grown on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire by employing abbreviated growth mode has two orders of magnitude lower threading dislocation density than that of conventional GaN template grown on planar sapphire. The use of abbreviated growth mode also leads to significant reduction in cost of the epitaxy. The growths and characteristics of InGaN quantum wells (QWs) light emitting diodes (LEDs) on both templates were compared. The InGaN QWs LEDs grown on the nano-patterned AGOG sapphire demonstrated at least a 24% enhancement of output power enhancement over that of LEDs grown on conventional GaN templates.

  14. Abbreviated epitaxial growth mode (AGM) method for reducing cost and improving quality of LEDs and lasers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tansu, Nelson; Chan, Helen M; Vinci, Richard P; Ee, Yik-Khoon; Biser, Jeffrey

    2013-09-24

    The use of an abbreviated GaN growth mode on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire substrates, which utilizes a process of using 15 nm low temperature GaN buffer and bypassing etch-back and recovery processes during epitaxy, enables the growth of high-quality GaN template on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire. The GaN template grown on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire by employing abbreviated growth mode has two orders of magnitude lower threading dislocation density than that of conventional GaN template grown on planar sapphire. The use of abbreviated growth mode also leads to significant reduction in cost of the epitaxy. The growths and characteristics of InGaN quantum wells (QWs) light emitting diodes (LEDs) on both templates were compared. The InGaN QWs LEDs grown on the nano-patterned AGOG sapphire demonstrated at least a 24% enhancement of output power enhancement over that of LEDs grown on conventional GaN templates.

  15. An Investigation into the Impact of Abbreviated Didactic Texting on Language Learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyyed Reza Mousavinia

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate whether application of abbreviations in instructional texting (SMS plays any role in promoting students’ performance in learning English through reducing distance and language anxiety. Parallel with examining elliptical features and abbreviations in creating SMS advertisements for addressing their special customers around the world with informal style, to borrow some of the features for the compass of language teaching, 120 participants in two groups at Isfahan university of technology were presented with the same type of content, namely, English grammar notes. They used directions with different lexemes and grammars. To compare the participants’ grammar learning, t-test was run. Results indicated that the difference between the performance of learners of the groups was statistically significant. Analyses showed that the didactic SMS with abbreviations and elliptical forms was significantly more effective than the SMS without such features in reducing learners’ anxiety, thereby enhancing their language learning. The findings of this study can have implications for both designing texting for advertisements and didactic SMS.

  16. BUSINESS ENGLISH OUTSIDE THE BOX. BUSINESS JARGON AND ABBREVIATIONS IN BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pop Anamaria-Mirabela

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Business English is commonly understood language, yet Harvard Business Review called business jargon “The Silent Killer of Big Companies”. As we all have been taught in school, we are aware of the fact that in communication we must comply with linguistic rules so that our message gets across succinctly. Yet, there is one place where all these rules can be omitted (at least in the recent decades: the corporate office. Here, one can use euphemisms and clichés, can capitalize any word that is considered important, the passive voice is used wherever possible and abbreviations occur in every sentence. The worst part is that all of these linguistic enormities are carried out deliberately. The purpose of this paper is to analyse to what extent business jargon and abbreviations have affected business communication (which most of the time, it is filled with opaque language to mask different activities and operations and the reasons for which these linguistic phenomena have become so successful in the present. One of the reasons for the research is that in business English, jargon can be annoying because it overcomplicates. It is frequently unnecessary and it can transform a simple idea or instruction into something very confusing. It is true that every field has its jargon. Education, journalism, law, politics, medicine, urban planning – no filed is immune. Yet, it seems that business jargon has been described as “the most annoying”. Another reason is that jargon tends to be elitist. Those who do not understand the terms feel confused and uncertain. The paper starts with defining these two concepts, business jargon and abbreviations, and then it attempts to explain the “unusual” pervasion of these, both in business communication and in everyday communication. For this, the paper includes a list with the most common business jargon and abbreviations. In this view, the authors have accessed different economic blogs and specialty journals

  17. Abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms frequently used by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.. Second edition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, J.T.

    1994-09-01

    Guidelines are given for using abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms (AAIs) in documents prepared by US Department of Energy facilities managed by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The more than 10,000 AAIs listed represent only a small portion of those found in recent documents prepared by contributing editors of the Information Management Services organization of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Oak Ridge K-25 Site, and the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. This document expands on AAIs listed in the Document Preparation Guide and is intended as a companion document

  18. An abbreviated version of the brief assessment of cognition in schizophrenia (BACS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MD Yasuhiro Kaneda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: A short version of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS was derived. Methods: We calculated the corrected item-total correlation (CITC for each test score relative to the composite score, and then computed the proportion of variance that each test shares with the global score excluding that test (Rt² = CITCt² and the variance explained per minute of administration time for each test (Rt²/mint. Results and Conclusions: The 3 tests with the highest Rt²/mint, Symbol Coding, Digit Sequencing, and Token Motor, were selected for the Abbreviated BACS.

  19. Attenuation by phentolamine of hypoxia and levcromakalim-induced abbreviation of the cardiac action potential.

    OpenAIRE

    Tweedie, D.; Boachie-Anash, G.; Henderson, C. G.; Kane, K. A.

    1993-01-01

    1. The effects of phentolamine (5-30 microM) and glibenclamide (10 microM) on action potential characteristics were examined in guinea-pig papillary muscle exposed to either hypoxia or levcromakalim (20 microM). 2. The hypoxia-induced abbreviation of action potential duration (APD) and effective refractory period (ERP) were attenuated but not abolished by glibenclamide (10 microM). Hypoxia reduced APD by 24 +/- 2 vs 65 +/- 4% in glibenclamide- and vehicle-treated tissue, respectively. 3. Phen...

  20. Development of Abbreviated Eight-Item Form of the Penn Verbal Reasoning Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilker, Warren B.; Wierzbicki, Michael R.; Brensinger, Colleen M.; Gur, Raquel E.; Gur, Ruben C.

    2014-01-01

    The ability to reason with language is a highly valued cognitive capacity that correlates with IQ measures and is sensitive to damage in language areas. The Penn Verbal Reasoning Test (PVRT) is a 29-item computerized test for measuring abstract analogical reasoning abilities using language. The full test can take over half an hour to administer, which limits its applicability in large-scale studies. We previously described a procedure for abbreviating a clinical rating scale and a modified procedure for reducing tests with a large number of items. Here we describe the application of the modified method to reducing the number of items in the PVRT to a parsimonious subset of items that accurately predicts the total score. As in our previous reduction studies, a split sample is used for model fitting and validation, with cross-validation to verify results. We find that an 8-item scale predicts the total 29-item score well, achieving a correlation of .9145 for the reduced form for the model fitting sample and .8952 for the validation sample. The results indicate that a drastically abbreviated version, which cuts administration time by more than 70%, can be safely administered as a predictor of PVRT performance. PMID:24577310

  1. [A study on the abbreviated form of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated (EPQR-A) in a student population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouvard, M; Aulard-Jaccod, J; Pessonneaux, S; Hautekeete, M; Rogé, B

    2010-12-01

    The aim of this paper is to examine the short questionnaire of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised (the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated [EPQR-A]) among a student population. University students were invited, in groups, to fill in the forms proposed. Three sites were compared, representing a sample of 346 participants (Chambéry=118 subjects [44 males and 74 females]; Lille=110 subjects [50 males and 60 females] and Toulouse=118 subjects [60 males and 58 females]). The three groups of students have comparable scores on the EPQR-A wherever they live (Chambéry, Lille or Toulouse). Moreover, neither the age nor the gender allowed the detection of differences between subjects. Our sample of students is situated in the range of a "normal" group of students. Regarding the internal consistency coefficients, the French version we used of the neuroticism and the extraversion scales of the EPQR-A obtained a satisfactory result. The internal consistency coefficient of psychoticism was rather low (<70). This unsatisfactory level of internal reliability for the psychoticism is also found in the English version [7]. The four-factor model of the EPQR-A is judged to be an adequate explanation of the data. In the end, self-esteem correlated positively with extraversion and negatively with neuroticism. On the other hand, there is no link between psychoticism and self-esteem.

  2. Abbreviated bibliography on energy development—A focus on the Rocky Mountain Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montag, Jessica M.; Willis, Carolyn J.; Glavin, Levi W.

    2011-01-01

    Energy development of all types continues to grow in the Rocky Mountain Region of the western United States. Federal resource managers increasingly need to balance energy demands, effects on the natural landscape and public perceptions towards these issues. To assist in efficient access to valuable information, this abbreviated bibliography provides citations to relevant information for myriad of issues for which resource managers must contend. The bibliography is organized by seven large topics with various sup-topics: broad energy topics (energy crisis, conservation, supply and demand, etc.); energy sources (fossil fuel, nuclear, renewable, etc.); natural landscape effects (climate change, ecosystem, mitigation, restoration, and reclamation, wildlife, water, etc.); human landscape effects (attitudes and perceptions, economics, community effects, health, Native Americans, etc.); research and technology; international research; and, methods and modeling. A large emphasis is placed on the natural and human landscape effects.

  3. Densitometric properties of rapid manual processing solutions: abbreviated versus complete rapid processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geist, J R; Gleason, M J

    1995-04-01

    Rapid manual processing solutions produce wet, readable radiographs in 1 to 2 min. However, some manufacturers permit time reductions for various processing steps to obtain images even more quickly. Differences in densitometric characteristics and spatial resolution between abbreviated rapid processing (ARP) and complete rapid processing were examined in four rapid manual processing systems on D- and E-speed film. When compared with films processed conventionally in an automatic processor, films processed in rapid manual processing chemistries had more fog and generally lower levels of speed and contrast. ARP radiographs were excessively stained unless they were washed for at least 60 s after fixing. The most severe depreciation in ARP film quality occurred when developing time was reduced by 50%; the complete rapid processing developing time should always be used. E-speed films produced radiographs with comparable densitometric and resolution characteristics to D-speed films for ARP and complete rapid processing techniques while requiring 40% less radiation.

  4. Performance of an Abbreviated Version of the Lubben Social Network Scale among Three European Community-Dwelling Older Adult Populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubben, James; Blozik, Eva; Gillmann, Gerhard; Iliffe, Steve; von Renteln-Kruse, Wolfgang; Beck, John C.; Stuck, Andreas E.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: There is a need for valid and reliable short scales that can be used to assess social networks and social supports and to screen for social isolation in older persons. Design and Methods: The present study is a cross-national and cross-cultural evaluation of the performance of an abbreviated version of the Lubben Social Network Scale…

  5. Matching Element Symbols with State Abbreviations: A Fun Activity for Browsing the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woelk, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    A classroom activity is presented in which students are challenged to find matches between the United States two-letter postal abbreviations for states and chemical element symbols. The activity aims to lessen negative apprehensions students might have when the periodic table of the elements with its more than 100 combinations of letters is first…

  6. Matching Element Symbols with State Abbreviations: A Fun Activity for Browsing the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woelk, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    A classroom activity is presented in which students are challenged to find matches between the United States two-letter postal abbreviations for states and chemical element symbols. The activity aims to lessen negative apprehensions students might have when the periodic table of the elements with its more than 100 combinations of letters is first…

  7. 21 CFR 314.430 - Availability for public disclosure of data and information in an application or abbreviated...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Availability for public disclosure of data and... APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG Miscellaneous Provisions § 314.430 Availability for public disclosure of data... acknowledged, no data or information in the application or abbreviated application is available for...

  8. The Revised Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (JEPQ-R): Dutch replications of the full length, short, and abbreviated forms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholte, R.H.J.; Bruyn, E.E.J. De

    2001-01-01

    This study examines the full-length, short and abbreviated forms of the Revised Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (JEPQ-R) in a Dutch sample of 215 boys and 207 girls, aged 12–14. The reliability and concurrent validity of the scales of the full-length form (JEPQ-R, 81 items), short form (JEP

  9. 78 FR 60292 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Application Submissions-Refuse-to-Receive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Application Submissions--Refuse-to-Receive Standards; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a...

  10. Txt Msg N School Literacy: Does Texting and Knowledge of Text Abbreviations Adversely Affect Children's Literacy Attainment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plester, Beverly; Wood, Clare; Bell, Victoria

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on two studies which investigated the relationship between children's texting behaviour, their knowledge of text abbreviations and their school attainment in written language skills. In Study One, 11-12-year-old children provided information on their texting behaviour. They were also asked to translate a standard English…

  11. Development of an Abbreviated Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI) Using Item Response Theory: The SPAI-23

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberson-Nay, Roxann; Strong, David R.; Nay, William T.; Beidel, Deborah C.; Turner, Samuel M.

    2007-01-01

    An abbreviated version of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI) was developed using methods based in nonparametric item response theory. Participants included a nonclinical sample of 1,482 undergraduates (52% female, mean age = 19.4 years) as well as a clinical sample of 105 individuals (56% female, mean age = 36.4 years) diagnosed with…

  12. The Convergent, Discriminant, and Concurrent Validity of Scores on the Abbreviated Self-Leadership Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Şahin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study reports the psychometric properties of a short measure of self-leadership in the Turkish context: the Abbreviated Self-Leadership Questionnaire (ASLQ. The ASLQ was examined using two samples and showed sound psychometric properties. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that nine-item ASLQ measured a single construct of self-leadership. The results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of the one-factor model of the ASLQ in relation to the 35-item Revised Self-Leadership Questionnaire and General Self-Efficacy scale, respectively. With regard to internal consistency and test-retest reliability, the ASLQ showed acceptable results. Furthermore, the results provided evidence that scores on the ASLQ positively predicted individual's self-reported task performance and self-efficacy mediated this relationship. Taken together, these findings suggest that the Turkish version of the ASLQ is a reliable and valid measure that can be used to measure self-leadership as one variable of interest in the future studies.

  13. Reliability and validity of the Farsi version of the standardized assessment of personality-abbreviated scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Sepehri

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: A short screening tool for high-risk individuals with personality disorder (PD is useful both for clinicians and researchers. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Farsi version of the Standardized Assessment of Personality-Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS. Methods: The original English version of the SAPAS questionnaire was translated into Farsi, and then, translated back into English by two professionals. A survey was then conducted using the questionnaire on 150 clients of primary health care centers in Tabriz, Iran. A total of 235 medical students were also studied for the reliability assessment of the questionnaire. The SAPAS was compared to the short form of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI. The data analysis was performed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC curve technique, operating characteristic for diagnostic efficacy, Cronbach's alpha, and test-retest for reliability evaluation. Results: We found an area under the curve (AUC of 0.566 [95% confidence intervals (CI: 0.455-0.677]; sensitivity of 0.89 and specificity of 0.26 at the cut-off score of 2 and higher. The total Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.38 and Cohen's kappa ranged between 0.5 and 0.8. Conclusion: The current study showed that the Farsi version of the SAPAS was relatively less efficient, in term of validity and reliability, in the screening of PD in the population.

  14. The Modified Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: A Valid and Reliable Instrument for Use with Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Emma; Hill, Francesca; Devine, Amy; Szűcs, Dénes

    2017-01-01

    Mathematics anxiety (MA) can be observed in children from primary school age into the teenage years and adulthood, but many MA rating scales are only suitable for use with adults or older adolescents. We have adapted one such rating scale, the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS), to be used with British children aged 8-13. In this study, we assess the scale's reliability, factor structure, and divergent validity. The modified AMAS (mAMAS) was administered to a very large (n = 1746) cohort of British children and adolescents. This large sample size meant that as well as conducting confirmatory factor analysis on the scale itself, we were also able to split the sample to conduct exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of items from the mAMAS alongside items from child test anxiety and general anxiety rating scales. Factor analysis of the mAMAS confirmed that it has the same underlying factor structure as the original AMAS, with subscales measuring anxiety about Learning and Evaluation in math. Furthermore, both exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of the mAMAS alongside scales measuring test anxiety and general anxiety showed that mAMAS items cluster onto one factor (perceived to represent MA). The mAMAS provides a valid and reliable scale for measuring MA in children and adolescents, from a younger age than is possible with the original AMAS. Results from this study also suggest that MA is truly a unique construct, separate from both test anxiety and general anxiety, even in childhood.

  15. Abbreviated New Drug Applications and 505(b)(2) Applications. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-06

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, the Agency, or we) is issuing a final rule to implement Title XI of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA), which amended provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that govern the approval of 505(b)(2) applications and abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs). This final rule implements portions of Title XI of the MMA that pertain to provision of notice to each patent owner and the new drug application (NDA) holder of certain patent certifications made by applicants submitting 505(b)(2) applications or ANDAs; the availability of 30-month stays of approval on 505(b)(2) applications and ANDAs that are otherwise ready to be approved; submission of amendments and supplements to 505(b)(2) applications and ANDAs; and the types of bioavailability and bioequivalence data that can be used to support these applications. This final rule also amends certain regulations regarding 505(b)(2) applications and ANDAs to facilitate compliance with and efficient enforcement of the FD&C Act.

  16. Effectiveness of abbreviated CBT for insomnia in psychiatric outpatients: sleep and depression outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagley, J Nile; Rybarczyk, Bruce; Nay, William T; Danish, Steven; Lund, Hannah G

    2013-10-01

    To test the efficacy of cogntive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) as a supplement treatment for psychiatric outpatients. Comorbid insomnia is prevalent among individuals with varied psychiatric disorders and evidence indicates that CBT-I may be effective for reducing insomnia and other psychiatric symptoms. The present study randomly assigned 30 psychiatric outpatients (mean duration of treatment = 3.6 years) with low sleep quality and residual depressive symptoms to two sessions of CBT-I or a treatment as usual control group. Assessment included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) for insomnia and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) for depression at pretreatment and 4 and 8 weeks posttreatment. Patients who received CBT-I demonstrated within group changes in PSQI and the PHQ-9 scores at both 4 and 8 weeks posttreatment, but did not show between-group differences. Additionally, 38% of the treatment participants achieved normal sleep at follow-up compared with none in the control condition. This study provides preliminary evidence that abbreviated behavioral treatment has beneficial effects on residual insomnia and depression in long-term psychiatric outpatients. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Development of an abbreviated version of the delirium motor subtyping scale (DMSS-4).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meagher, D; Adamis, D; Leonard, M; Trzepacz, P; Grover, S; Jabbar, F; Meehan, K; O'Connor, M; Cronin, C; Reynolds, P; Fitzgerald, J; O'Regan, N; Timmons, S; Slor, C; de Jonghe, J; de Jonghe, A; van Munster, B C; de Rooij, S E; Maclullich, A

    2014-04-01

    Delirium is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome with considerable heterogeneity in clinical profile. Identification of clinical subtypes can allow for more targeted clinical and research efforts. We sought to develop a brief method for clinical subtyping in clinical and research settings. A multi-site database, including motor symptom assessments conducted in 487 patients from palliative care, adult and old age consultation-liaison psychiatry services was used to document motor activity disturbances as per the Delirium Motor Checklist (DMC). Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify the class structure underpinning DMC data and also items for a brief subtyping scale. The concordance of the abbreviated scale was then compared with the original Delirium Motor Subtype Scale (DMSS) in 375 patients having delirium as per the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (4th edition) criteria. Latent class analysis identified four classes that corresponded closely with the four recognized motor subtypes of delirium. Further, LCA of items (n = 15) that loaded >60% to the model identified four features that reliably identified the classes/subtypes, and these were combined as a brief motor subtyping scale (DMSS-4). There was good concordance for subtype attribution between the original DMSS and the DMSS-4 (κ = 0.63). The DMSS-4 allows for rapid assessment of clinical subtypes in delirium and has high concordance with the longer and well-validated DMSS. More consistent clinical subtyping in delirium can facilitate better delirium management and more focused research effort.

  18. Increasing body mass index portends abbreviated survival following pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathur, Abhishek; Luberice, Kenneth; Paul, Harold; Franka, Co; Rosemurgy, Alexander

    2015-06-01

    Body mass index (BMI), a common surrogate marker for grading obesity, does not differentiate between metabolically active visceral fat and the relatively inert subcutaneous fat. We aim to determine the utility of BMI as a prognostic marker for the impact of obesity on outcomes and survival following pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. From a database of over 1,000 patients who had undergone pancreatoduodenectomy, 228 patients with a diagnosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma were identified. Demographic data including BMI and perioperative parameters-operative time, estimated blood loss, length of stay, survival, nodal status, and American Joint Committee on Cancer stage-were obtained. Data are presented as median. One hundred ninety-two patients had a BMI less than or equal to 29 and 36 patients had a BMI greater than or equal to 30 (24 vs. 34, P obese patients had positive nodes (69% vs. 62%, P pancreatic adenocarcinoma undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy, obesity does not impact operative complexity or length of stay but results in a shortened survival. Therefore, we conclude that BMI is an important prognostic marker that portends an abbreviated survival following pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Validity and Reliability of the Abbreviated Barratt Impulsiveness Scale in Spanish (BIS-15S)*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orozco-Cabal, Luis; Rodríguez, Maritza; Herin, David V.; Gempeler, Juanita; Uribe, Miguel

    2010-01-01

    Objective This study determined the validity and reliability of a new, abbreviated version of the Spanish Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-15S) in Colombian subjects. Method The BIS-15S was tested in non-clinical (n=283) and clinical (n=164) native Spanish-speakers. Intra-scale reliability was calculated using Cronbach’s α, and test-retest reliability was measured with Pearson correlations. Psychometric properties were determined using standard statistics. A factor analysis was performed to determine BIS-15S factor structure. Results 447 subjects participated in the study. Clinical subjects were older and more educated compared to non-clinical subjects. Impulsivity scores were normally distributed in each group. BIS-15S total, motor, non-planning and attention scores were significantly lower in non-clinical vs. clinical subjects. Subjects with substance-related disorders had the highest BIS-15S total scores, followed by subjects with bipolar disorders and bulimia nervosa/binge eating. Internal consistency was 0.793 and test-retest reliability was 0.80. Factor analysis confirmed a three-factor structure (attention, motor, non-planning) accounting for 47.87% of the total variance in BIS-15S total scores. Conclusions The BIS-15S is a valid and reliable self-report measure of impulsivity in this population. Further research is needed to determine additional components of impulsivity not investigated by this measure. PMID:21152412

  20. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Structure of Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farahman Farrokhi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available "nObjective: The aim of this study is to explore the confirmatory factor analysis results of the Persian adaptation of Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS, proposed by Hopko, Mahadevan, Bare & Hunt. "nMethod: The validity and reliability assessments of the scale were performed on 298 college students chosen randomly from Tabriz University in Iran. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was carried out to determine the factor structures of the Persian version of AMAS. "nResults: As expected, the two-factor solution provided a better fit to the data than a single factor. Moreover, multi-group analyses showed that this two-factor structure was invariant across sex. Hence, AMAS provides an equally valid measure for use among college students. "nConclusions:  Brief AMAS demonstrates adequate reliability and validity. The AMAS scores can be used to compare symptoms of math anxiety between male and female students. The study both expands and adds support to the existing body of math anxiety literature.

  1. Development of an abbreviated Career Indecision Profile-65 using item response theory: The CIP-Short.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Hui; Tracey, Terence J G

    2017-03-01

    The current study developed an abbreviated version of the Career Indecision Profile-65 (CIP-65; Hacker, Carr, Abrams, & Brown, 2013) by using item response theory. In order to improve the efficiency of the CIP-65 in measuring career indecision, the individual item performance of the CIP-65 was examined with respect to the ordering of response occurrence and gender differential item functioning. The best 5 items of each scale of the CIP-65 (i.e., neuroticism/negative affectivity, choice/commitment anxiety, lack of readiness, and interpersonal conflicts) were retained in the CIP-Short using a sample of 588 college students. A validation sample (N = 174) supported the reliability and structural validity of the CIP-Short. The convergent and divergent validity of the CIP-Short was additionally supported in the findings of a hypothesized differential relational pattern in a separate sample (N = 360). While the current study supported the CIP-Short being a sound brief measure of career indecision, the limitations of this study and suggestions for future research were discussed as well. (PsycINFO Database Record

  2. Proposal for a revised taxonomy of the family Filoviridae: classification, names of taxa and viruses, and virus abbreviations

    OpenAIRE

    Jens H. Kuhn; Becker, Stephan (Prof. Dr.); Ebihara, Hideki; Geisbert, Thomas W.; Johnson, Karl M.; Kawaoka, Yoshihiro; Lipkin, W. Ian; Negredo, Ana I.; Netesov, Sergey V.; Stuart T Nichol; Palacios, Gustavo; Peters, Clarence J.; Tenorio, Antonio; Volchkov, Viktor E.; Jahrling, Peter B.

    2010-01-01

    The taxonomy of the family Filoviridae (marburgviruses and ebolaviruses) has changed several times since the discovery of its members, resulting in a plethora of species and virus names and abbreviations. The current taxonomy has only been partially accepted by most laboratory virologists. Confusion likely arose for several reasons: species names that consist of several words or which (should) contain diacritical marks, the current orthographic identity of species and virus names, and the sim...

  3. Abbreviated injury scale unification: the case for a unified injury system for global use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garthe, E; States, J D; Mango, N K

    1999-08-01

    The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), developed by the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine is the most widely used anatomic injury severity scale in the world (Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine. The Abbreviated Injury Scale; 1985 and 1990 revisions. Des Plaines, IL: Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine). However, different user groups have modified the AIS system to fit their needs, and these modifications prevent ready comparison and trending of data collected in these systems in the United States and throughout the world. The United States currently has five AIS-based severity systems and two AIS-based impairment systems in use, with additional revisions forthcoming. Other modified AIS systems are known to be in use in the United Kingdom and Japan. The data collected in these systems cannot be accurately combined or compared without re-coding or the use of complex "mapping" methodologies. Furthermore, the expanding use of data linked from multiple databases to answer complex medical, engineering, or policy issues emphasizes the need for coordination between severity and other injury systems. Linkage of state-wide motor vehicle crash data with data from hospital injury classification systems, mortality files, trauma registry, and national crash databases brings into immediate focus the lack of well defined relationships between the severity coding systems and these other widely used injury systems (Mango N, Garthe E. SAE Congress, February, 1998; Johnson, S, Walker, J. NHTSA Technical Report. DOT HS 808 338, Washington, DC: NHTSA; January, 1996). With the expanding use of linked data in state and national policy decisions, it is vital that consistent standards for injury descriptions, severities, and impairments be available for clinical, engineering, and policy users. This paper compares five anatomic severity systems and two impairment systems in terms of purpose, code structure, and use and discusses the

  4. Abbreviated MRI protocols for detecting breast cancer in women with dense breasts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Shung Qing; Huang, Min; Shen, Yu Ying; Liu, Chen Lu; Xu, Chuan Xiao [The Affiliated Suzhou Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Suzhou (China)

    2017-06-15

    To evaluate the validity of two abbreviated protocols (AP) of MRI in breast cancer screening of dense breast tissue. This was a retrospective study in 356 participants with dense breast tissue and negative mammography results. The study was approved by the Nanjing Medical University Ethics Committee. Patients were imaged with a full diagnostic protocol (FDP) of MRI. Two APs (AP-1 consisting of the first post-contrast subtracted [FAST] and maximum-intensity projection [MIP] images, and AP-2 consisting of AP-1 combined with diffusion-weighted imaging [DWI]) and FDP images were analyzed separately, and the sensitivities and specificities of breast cancer detection were calculated. Of the 356 women, 67 lesions were detected in 67 women (18.8%) by standard MR protocol, and histological examination revealed 14 malignant lesions and 53 benign lesions. The average interpretation time of AP-1 and AP-2 were 37 seconds and 54 seconds, respectively, while the average interpretation time of the FDP was 3 minutes and 25 seconds. The sensitivities of the AP-1, AP-2, and FDP were 92.9, 100, and 100%, respectively, and the specificities of the three MR protocols were 86.5, 95.0, and 96.8%, respectively. There was no significant difference among the three MR protocols in the diagnosis of breast cancer (p > 0.05). However, the specificity of AP-1 was significantly lower than that of AP-2 (p = 0.031) and FDP (p = 0.035), while there was no difference between AP-2 and FDP (p > 0.05). The AP may be efficient in the breast cancer screening of dense breast tissue. FAST and MIP images combined with DWI of MRI are helpful to improve the specificity of breast cancer detection.

  5. Towards a Theory and View of Teaching Compressed and Abbreviated Research Methodology and Statistics Courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Carifio

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the highly questionable effects of educational reform and other curriculum reshaping factors at both the high school, post-secondary and graduate levels has been the shift to teaching compressed, pared-down or abbreviated courses in still needed or required subject-matter that became de-emphasized in the current educational reformation. Research methodology, particularly the highly quantitative and experimental kind and statistics, are two still needed to some degree subject matters that has been especially affected by this demotion and compression movement at the pre-service, in-service, professional development, undergraduate, continuing education and graduate levels, even though the professional areas of education, science, business, politics and most other areas (including history have become far more quantitative and objective research oriented than in the past. Until there are more enlightened policy shifts, effective means of teaching such compressed courses need to be devised and tested, if only to lessen the negative outcomes of such critical courses. This article, therefore, analyzes compressed courses from the point of view of cognitive learning and then describes 5 methods and approaches that were tested to improve the effectiveness of research methodology and statistics courses taught in these formats. Each of the formats helped to reduce student stress and anxiety about the content and its compressed presentation and improved understanding and achievement. The theory and view developed in this article is also applicable to similar compressed courses for scientific and/or technical content which are currently prevalent in allied health and biotechnology areas.

  6. The Modified Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: A Valid and Reliable Instrument for Use with Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Emma; Hill, Francesca; Devine, Amy; Szűcs, Dénes

    2017-01-01

    Mathematics anxiety (MA) can be observed in children from primary school age into the teenage years and adulthood, but many MA rating scales are only suitable for use with adults or older adolescents. We have adapted one such rating scale, the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS), to be used with British children aged 8–13. In this study, we assess the scale's reliability, factor structure, and divergent validity. The modified AMAS (mAMAS) was administered to a very large (n = 1746) cohort of British children and adolescents. This large sample size meant that as well as conducting confirmatory factor analysis on the scale itself, we were also able to split the sample to conduct exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of items from the mAMAS alongside items from child test anxiety and general anxiety rating scales. Factor analysis of the mAMAS confirmed that it has the same underlying factor structure as the original AMAS, with subscales measuring anxiety about Learning and Evaluation in math. Furthermore, both exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of the mAMAS alongside scales measuring test anxiety and general anxiety showed that mAMAS items cluster onto one factor (perceived to represent MA). The mAMAS provides a valid and reliable scale for measuring MA in children and adolescents, from a younger age than is possible with the original AMAS. Results from this study also suggest that MA is truly a unique construct, separate from both test anxiety and general anxiety, even in childhood. PMID:28154542

  7. Validation of an abbreviated Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM-9 among patients on antihypertensive medications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desrosiers Marie-Pierre

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The 14-item Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM Version 1.4 is a reliable and valid instrument to assess patients' satisfaction with medication, providing scores on four scales – side effects, effectiveness, convenience and global satisfaction. In naturalistic studies, administering the TSQM with the side effects domain could provoke the physician to assess the presence or absence of adverse events in a way that is clinically atypical, carrying the potential to interfere with routine medical care. As a result, an abbreviated 9-item TSQM (TSQM-9, derived from the TSQM Version 1.4 but without the five items of the side effects domain was created. In this study, an interactive voice response system (IVRS-administered TSQM-9 was psychometrically evaluated among patients taking antihypertensive medication. Methods A total of 3,387 subjects were invited to participate in the study from an online panel who self-reported taking a prescribed antihypertensive medication. The subjects were asked to complete the IVRS-administered TSQM-9 at the start of the study, along with the modified Morisky scale, and again within 7 to 14 days. Standard psychometric analyses were conducted; including Cronbach's alpha, intraclass correlation coefficients, structural equation modeling, Spearman correlation coefficients and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA. Results A total of 396 subjects completed all the study procedures. Approximately 50% subjects were male with a good racial/ethnic mix: 58.3% white, 18.9% black, 17.7% Hispanic and 5.1% either Asian or other. There was evidence of construct validity of the TSQM-9 based on the structural equation modeling findings of the observed data fitting the Decisional Balance Model of Treatment Satisfaction even without the side effects domain. TSQM-9 domains had high internal consistency as evident from Cronbach's alpha values of 0.84 and greater. TSQM-9 domains also demonstrated good test

  8. The utility of abbreviated patient-reported outcomes for predicting survival in early stage colorectal cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Tina; Speers, Caroline H; Kennecke, Hagen F; Cheung, Winson Y

    2017-05-15

    Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are increasingly used in clinical settings. Prior research suggests that PROs collected at baseline may be associated with cancer survival, but most of those studies were conducted in patients with breast or lung cancer. The objective of this study was to determine the correlation between prospectively collected PROs and cancer-specific outcomes in patients with early stage colorectal cancer. Patients who had newly diagnosed stage II or III colorectal cancer from 2009 to 2010 and had a consultation at the British Columbia Cancer Agency completed the brief Psychosocial Screen for Cancer (PSSCAN) questionnaire, which collects data on patients' perceived social supports, quality of life (QOL), anxiety and depression, and general health. PROs from the PSSCAN were linked with the Gastrointestinal Cancers Outcomes Database, which contains information on patient and tumor characteristics, treatment details, and cancer outcomes. Cox regression models were constructed for overall survival (OS), and Fine and Gray regression models were developed for disease-specific survival (DSS). In total, 692 patients were included. The median patient age was 67 years (range, 26-95 years), and the majority had colon cancer (61%), were diagnosed with stage III disease (54%), and received chemotherapy (58%). In general, patients felt well supported and reported good overall health and QOL. On multivariate analysis, increased fatigue was associated with worse OS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.99; P = .00007) and DSS (HR, 1.63; P = .03), as was lack of emotional support (OS: HR, 4.36; P = .0003; DSS: HR, 1.92; P = .02). Although most patients described good overall health and QOL and indicated that they were generally well supported, patients who experienced more pronounced fatigue or lacked emotional support had a higher likelihood of worse OS and DSS. These findings suggest that abbreviated PROs can inform and assist clinicians to identify patients who have a worse

  9. Does a booster intervention augment the preventive effects of an abbreviated version of the coping power program for aggressive children?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lochman, John E; Baden, Rachel E; Boxmeyer, Caroline L; Powell, Nicole P; Qu, Lixin; Salekin, Karen L; Windle, Michel

    2014-01-01

    Booster interventions have been presumed to be important methods for maintaining the effects of evidence-based programs for children with behavioral problems, but there has been remarkably little empirical attention to this assumption. The present study examines the effect of a child-oriented booster preventive intervention with children who had previously received an abbreviated version (24 child sessions, 10 parent sessions) of the Coping Power targeted prevention program. Two hundred and forty-one children (152 boys, 89 girls) were screened as having moderate to high levels of aggressive behavior in 4th grade, then half were randomly assigned to receive the abbreviated Coping Power program in 5th grade, and half of the preventive intervention children were then randomly assigned to a Booster condition in 6th grade. The Booster sessions consisted of brief monthly individual contacts, and were primarily with the children. Five assessments across 4 years were collected from teachers, providing a three-year follow-up for all children who participated in the project. Results indicated that the abbreviated Coping Power program (one-third shorter than the full intervention) had long-term effects in reducing children's externalizing problem behaviors, proactive and reactive aggression, impulsivity traits and callous-unemotional traits. The Booster intervention did not augment these prevention effects. These findings indicate that a briefer and more readily disseminated form of an evidence-based targeted preventive intervention was effective. The findings have potential implications for policy and guidelines about possible intervention length and booster interventions.

  10. Is the full version of the AUDIT really necessary? Study of the validity and internal construct of its abbreviated versions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meneses-Gaya, Carolina; Zuardi, Antonio W; Loureiro, Sonia R; Hallak, Jaime E C; Trzesniak, Clarissa; de Azevedo Marques, João M; Machado-de-Sousa, João P; Chagas, Marcos H N; Souza, Roberto M; Crippa, José A S

    2010-08-01

    This study was aimed at assessing the psychometric qualities of the abbreviated versions of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-3, AUDIT-4, AUDIT-C, AUDIT-PC, AUDIT-QF, FAST, and Five-Shot) and at comparing them to the 10-item AUDIT and the CAGE in 2 samples of Brazilian adults. The validity and internal consistency of the scales were assessed in a sample of 530 subjects attended at an emergency department and at a Psychosocial Care Center for Alcohol and Drugs. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV was used as the diagnostic comparative measure for the predictive validity assessment. The concurrent validity between the scales was analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficient. The assessment of the predictive validity of the abbreviated versions showed high sensitivity (of 0.78 to 0.96) and specificity (of 0.74 to 0.94) indices, with areas under the curve as elevated as those of the AUDIT (0.89 and 0.92 to screen for abuse and 0.93 and 0.95 in the screening of dependence). The CAGE presented lower indices: 0.81 for abuse and 0.87 for dependence. The analysis of the internal consistency of the AUDIT and its versions exhibited Cronbach's alpha coefficients between 0.83 and 0.94, while the coefficient for the CAGE was 0.78. Significant correlations were found between the 10-item AUDIT and its versions, ranging from 0.91 to 0.99. Again, the results for the CAGE were satisfactory (0.77), although inferior to the other instruments. The results obtained in this study confirm the validity of the abbreviated versions of the AUDIT for the screening of alcohol use disorders and show that their psychometric properties are as satisfactory as those of the 10-item AUDIT and the CAGE.

  11. Zipf's Law of Abbreviation and the Principle of Least Effort: Language users optimise a miniature lexicon for efficient communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanwal, Jasmeen; Smith, Kenny; Culbertson, Jennifer; Kirby, Simon

    2017-08-01

    The linguist George Kingsley Zipf made a now classic observation about the relationship between a word's length and its frequency; the more frequent a word is, the shorter it tends to be. He claimed that this "Law of Abbreviation" is a universal structural property of language. The Law of Abbreviation has since been documented in a wide range of human languages, and extended to animal communication systems and even computer programming languages. Zipf hypothesised that this universal design feature arises as a result of individuals optimising form-meaning mappings under competing pressures to communicate accurately but also efficiently-his famous Principle of Least Effort. In this study, we use a miniature artificial language learning paradigm to provide direct experimental evidence for this explanatory hypothesis. We show that language users optimise form-meaning mappings only when pressures for accuracy and efficiency both operate during a communicative task, supporting Zipf's conjecture that the Principle of Least Effort can explain this universal feature of word length distributions. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Coelomogenesis during the abbreviated development of the echinoid Heliocidaris erythrogramma and the developmental origin of the echinoderm pentameral body plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Valerie B

    2011-01-01

    The development of the coeloms is described in an echinoid with an abbreviated larval development and shows the early morphogenesis of the coeloms of the adult stage. The development is described from images obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. The development in Heliocidaris erythrogramma is asymmetric with a larger left coelom forming on the larval-left side and a smaller right coelom forming on the larval-right side. The right coelom forms after the development of the left coelom is well advanced. The hydrocoele forms from the anterior part of the left coelom. The five lobes of the hydrocoele from which the pentamery of the adult derives take shape on the outer, distal wall of the anterior part of the left coelom. The hydrocoele separates from the more posterior part of the left coelom, which becomes the left posterior coelom. The lobes of the hydrocoele are named, based on the site of the connexion of the stone canal to the hydrocoele. The mouth is assumed to form by penetration through only the outer, distal wall of the hydrocoele and the ectoderm. Both larval and adult polarities are evident in this larva. A comparison with coelomogenesis in the asteroid Parvulastra exigua, which also has an abbreviated development, leads to predictions of homology between the echinoderm and chordate phyla that do not require the hypothesis of a dorsoventral inversion event in chordates.

  13. Self efficacy for fruit, vegetable and water intakes: Expanded and abbreviated scales from item response modeling analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cullen Karen W

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective To improve an existing measure of fruit and vegetable intake self efficacy by including items that varied on levels of difficulty, and testing a corresponding measure of water intake self efficacy. Design Cross sectional assessment. Items were modified to have easy, moderate and difficult levels of self efficacy. Classical test theory and item response modeling were applied. Setting One middle school at each of seven participating sites (Houston TX, Irvine CA, Philadelphia PA, Pittsburg PA, Portland OR, rural NC, and San Antonio TX. Subjects 714 6th grade students. Results Adding items to reflect level (low, medium, high of self efficacy for fruit and vegetable intake achieved scale reliability and validity comparable to existing scales, but the distribution of items across the latent variable did not improve. Selecting items from among clusters of items at similar levels of difficulty along the latent variable resulted in an abbreviated scale with psychometric characteristics comparable to the full scale, except for reliability. Conclusions The abbreviated scale can reduce participant burden. Additional research is necessary to generate items that better distribute across the latent variable. Additional items may need to tap confidence in overcoming more diverse barriers to dietary intake.

  14. Abbreviated mindfulness intervention for job satisfaction, quality of life, and compassion in primary care clinicians: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortney, Luke; Luchterhand, Charlene; Zakletskaia, Larissa; Zgierska, Aleksandra; Rakel, David

    2013-01-01

    Burnout, attrition, and low work satisfaction of primary care physicians are growing concerns and can have a negative influence on health care. Interventions for clinicians that improve work-life balance are few and poorly understood. We undertook this study as a first step in investigating whether an abbreviated mindfulness intervention could increase job satisfaction, quality of life, and compassion among primary care clinicians. A total of 30 primary care clinicians participated in an abbreviated mindfulness course. We used a single-sample, pre-post design. At 4 points in time (baseline, and 1 day, 8 weeks, and 9 months postintervention), participants completed a set of online measures assessing burnout, anxiety, stress, resilience, and compassion. We used a linear mixed-effects model analysis to assess changes in outcome measures. Participants had improvements compared with baseline at all 3 follow-up time points. At 9 months postintervention, they had significantly better scores (1) on all Maslach Burnout Inventory burnout subscales-Emotional Exhaustion (P =.009), Depersonalization (P = .005), and Personal Accomplishment (P job burnout, depression, anxiety, and stress. Modified mindfulness training may be a time-efficient tool to help support clinician health and well-being, which may have implications for patient care.

  15. Bacterial toxins activation of abbreviated urea cycle in porcine cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Rajesh G; Tseng, Tzu-Ling; Chen, Mei-Fang; Chen, Po-Yi; Lee, Tony J-F

    2016-12-01

    Nitric oxide (NO) overproduction via induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is implicated in vasodilatory shock in sepsis, leading to septic encephalopathy and accelerating cerebral ischemic injury. An abbreviated urea-cycle (l-citrulline-l-arginine-NO cycle) has been demonstrated in cerebral perivascular nitrergic nerves and endothelial cells but not in normal cerebral vascular smooth muscle cell (CVSMC). This cycle indicates that argininosuccinate synthase (ASS) catalyzes l-citrulline (l-cit) conversion to form argininosuccinate (AS), and subsequent AS cleavage by argininosuccinate lyase (ASL) forms l-arginine (l-arg), the substrate for NO synthesis. The possibility that ASS enzyme in this cycle was induced in the CVSMC in sepsis was examined. Blood-vessel myography technique was used for measuring porcine isolated basilar arterial tone. NO in cultured CVSMC and in condition mediums were estimated by diaminofluorescein (DAF)-induced fluorescence and Griess reaction, respectively. Immunohistochemical and immunoblotting analyses were used to examine iNOS and ASS induction. l-cit and l-arg, which did not relax endothelium-denuded normal basilar arteries precontracted by U-46619, induced significant vasorelaxation with increased NO production in these arteries and the CVSMCs following 6-hour exposure to 20μg/ml lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or lipoteichoic acid (LTA). Pre-treatment with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) and salicylate (SAL) (NFκB inhibitors), aminoguanidine (AG, an iNOS inhibitor), and nitro-l-arg (NLA, a non-specific NOS inhibitor) blocked NO synthesis in the CVSMC and attenuated l-cit- and l-arg-induced relaxation of LPS- and LTA-treated arteries. Furthermore, immunohistochemical and immunoblotting studies demonstrated that expression of basal iNOS and ASS in the smooth muscle cell of arterial segments denuded of endothelium and the cultured CVSMCs was significantly increased following 6-hour incubation with LPS or LTA. This increased i

  16. Cyclosporine therapy monitored with abbreviated area under curve in nephrotic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinaldi, Stefano; Sesto, Antonella; Barsotti, Paola; Faraggiana, Tullio; Sera, Francesco; Rizzoni, Gianfranco

    2005-01-01

    Cyclosporin A (CsA) is an effective therapy for children with long-lasting nephrotic syndrome (NS). Long-term treatment can result in chronic CsA nephropathy (CsAN) and there is controversy concerning its incidence and severity. Trough levels are commonly used to monitor the drug concentration. We report a retrospective clinical and histological analysis of 18 children (12 males, 6 females) with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (15 patients) and partially steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (3 patients) treated with CsA for a long-term period (mean 4.9 years, range 2.2-6.9). Before CsA treatment all patients had normal creatinine clearance. CsA was started at a dose of 5 mg/kg per day administered orally in two divided doses and adjusted to maintain the mean CsA blood concentration between 250 and 350 ng/ml obtained from abbreviated area under the curve (AUC). A renal biopsy was performed after a mean period of 3.9 years (range 2.2-6.2) from the start of CsA treatment. Tubular, interstitial, and arteriolar lesions were evaluated in order to assess CsAN. The mean CsA dose and the mean CsA blood concentration were 4.4 mg/kg per day (range 3.6-5.8) and 276.6 ng/ml (range 162-346), respectively. No child had a worsening creatinine clearance during CsA treatment and follow-up after CsA discontinuation. If compared with the year before the start of CsA treatment, NS relapses and prednisone (PDN) dose significantly decreased during CsA treatment, 4/year versus 0.8/year (P <0.0001) and 0.9 mg/kg per day versus 0.2 mg/kg per day (P <0.0001), respectively. Histological analysis showed 15 patients with minimal change disease and 3 with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Clear-cut lesions diagnostic of CsAN were never found and only mild lesions were observed in 5 children (suggestive of CsAN in 2 patients and consistent with CsAN in 3 patients). Long-term CsA treatment is confirmed to be effective in preventing NS relapses and reducing PDN dose. Renal function is not a

  17. Mensuração da gravidade do trauma com as versões 1998 e 2005 da Abbreviated Injury Scale

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Carolina Barbosa Teixeira Lopes; Iveth Yamaguchi Whitaker

    2014-01-01

    Objetivo: Comparar a gravidade das lesões e do trauma mensurada pelas versões da Abbreviated Injury Scale 1998 e 2005 e verificar a mortalidade nos escores Injury Severity Score e New Injury Severity Score nas duas versões.Método: Estudo transversal e retrospectivo analisou lesões de pacientes de trauma, de três hospitais universitários do município de São Paulo, Brasil. Cada lesão foi codificada com Abbreviated Injury Scale 1998 e 2005. Os testes estatísticos aplicados foram Wilcoxon, McNema...

  18. Proposal for a revised taxonomy of the family Filoviridae: classification, names of taxa and viruses, and virus abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhn, Jens H; Becker, Stephan; Ebihara, Hideki; Geisbert, Thomas W; Johnson, Karl M; Kawaoka, Yoshihiro; Lipkin, W Ian; Negredo, Ana I; Netesov, Sergey V; Nichol, Stuart T; Palacios, Gustavo; Peters, Clarence J; Tenorio, Antonio; Volchkov, Viktor E; Jahrling, Peter B

    2010-12-01

    The taxonomy of the family Filoviridae (marburgviruses and ebolaviruses) has changed several times since the discovery of its members, resulting in a plethora of species and virus names and abbreviations. The current taxonomy has only been partially accepted by most laboratory virologists. Confusion likely arose for several reasons: species names that consist of several words or which (should) contain diacritical marks, the current orthographic identity of species and virus names, and the similar pronunciation of several virus abbreviations in the absence of guidance for the correct use of vernacular names. To rectify this problem, we suggest (1) to retain the current species names Reston ebolavirus, Sudan ebolavirus, and Zaire ebolavirus, but to replace the name Cote d'Ivoire ebolavirus [sic] with Taï Forest ebolavirus and Lake Victoria marburgvirus with Marburg marburgvirus; (2) to revert the virus names of the type marburgviruses and ebolaviruses to those used for decades in the field (Marburg virus instead of Lake Victoria marburgvirus and Ebola virus instead of Zaire ebolavirus); (3) to introduce names for the remaining viruses reminiscent of jargon used by laboratory virologists but nevertheless different from species names (Reston virus, Sudan virus, Taï Forest virus), and (4) to introduce distinct abbreviations for the individual viruses (RESTV for Reston virus, SUDV for Sudan virus, and TAFV for Taï Forest virus), while retaining that for Marburg virus (MARV) and reintroducing that used over decades for Ebola virus (EBOV). Paying tribute to developments in the field, we propose (a) to create a new ebolavirus species (Bundibugyo ebolavirus) for one member virus (Bundibugyo virus, BDBV); (b) to assign a second virus to the species Marburg marburgvirus (Ravn virus, RAVV) for better reflection of now available high-resolution phylogeny; and (c) to create a new tentative genus (Cuevavirus) with one tentative species (Lloviu cuevavirus) for the recently

  19. Proposal for a revised taxonomy of the family Filoviridae: classification, names of taxa and viruses, and virus abbreviations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhn, Jens H.; Becker, Stephan; Ebihara, Hideki; Geisbert, Thomas W.; Johnson, Karl M.; Kawaoka, Yoshihiro; Lipkin, W. Ian; Negredo, Ana I.; Netesov, Sergey V.; Nichol, Stuart T.; Palacios, Gustavo; Peters, Clarence J.; Tenorio, Antonio; Volchkov, Viktor E.; Jahrling, Peter B.

    2011-01-01

    The taxonomy of the family Filoviridae (marburgviruses and ebolaviruses) has changed several times since the discovery of its members, resulting in a plethora of species and virus names and abbreviations. The current taxonomy has only been partially accepted by most laboratory virologists. Confusion likely arose for several reasons: species names that consist of several words or which (should) contain diacritical marks, the current orthographic identity of species and virus names, and the similar pronunciation of several virus abbreviations in the absence of guidance for the correct use of vernacular names. To rectify this problem, we suggest (1) to retain the current species names Reston ebolavirus, Sudan ebolavirus, and Zaire ebolavirus, but to replace the name Cote d'Ivoire ebolavirus [sic] with Taï Forest ebolavirus and Lake Victoria marburgvirus with Marburg marburgvirus; (2) to revert the virus names of the type marburgviruses and ebolaviruses to those used for decades in the field (Marburg virus instead of Lake Victoria marburgvirus and Ebola virus instead of Zaire ebolavirus); (3) to introduce names for the remaining viruses reminiscent of jargon used by laboratory virologists but nevertheless different from species names (Reston virus, Sudan virus, Taï Forest virus), and (4) to introduce distinct abbreviations for the individual viruses (RESTV for Reston virus, SUDV for Sudan virus, and TAFV for Taï Forest virus), while retaining that for Marburg virus (MARV) and reintroducing that used over decades for Ebola virus (EBOV). Paying tribute to developments in the field, we propose (a) to create a new ebolavirus species (Bundibugyo ebolavirus) for one member virus (Bundibugyo virus, BDBV); (b) to assign a second virus to the species Marburg marburgvirus (Ravn virus, RAVV) for better reflection of now available high-resolution phylogeny; and (c) to create a new tentative genus (Cuevavirus) with one tentative species (Lloviu cuevavirus) for the recently

  20. Abbreviated breast dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging for lesion detection and characterization: the experience of an Italian oncologic center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrillo, Antonella; Fusco, Roberta; Sansone, Mario; Cerbone, Marilena; Filice, Salvatore; Porto, Annamaria; Rubulotta, Maria Rosaria; D'Aiuto, Massimiliano; Avino, Franca; Di Bonito, Maurizio; Botti, Gerardo

    2017-07-01

    To evaluate the performance of an abbreviated dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (MRI) protocol for breast cancer detection; a comparison with the complete diagnostic protocol has been conducted. A retrospective analysis on 508 patients was performed. Abbreviated protocol (AP) included one pre-contrast and the first post-contrast T1-weighted series. Complete protocol (CP) consisted of four post-contrast and one pre-contrast T1-weighted series. Diagnostic performance was assessed for AP and CP. Performance comparison was made using McNemar's test for sensitivity and specificity and Moskowitz and Pepe's method as regards negative predictive value (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV). AP has been realized in two different ways (AP1 and AP2) and they were compared by means of Cohen's κ. Both CP and AP revealed 206 of 207 cancers. There were no statistically significant differences between AP and CP diagnostic performance (P > 0.05). NPVs of CP and both versions of AP (99.57 vs. 99.56%, P = 0.39), as well as the specificity (77.08 vs. 75.42%, P = 0.18), were substantially equivalent. Relative predictive value method did not reveal the presence of a statistically significant difference between the PPV of CP and both versions of AP (74.91 vs. 73.57%, P = 0.099). Analysis for single lesion confirmed that both CP and AP had equivalent results: CP and AP revealed 280 of 281 malignancies. NPVs of CP and both AP versions, as well as the specificity (P > 0.05), were substantially equivalent. Relative predictive value method did not reveal the presence of a significant difference between the PPV of CP and both AP versions (70.89 vs. 70.18%, P = 0.25; 70.89 vs. 70.00%, P = 0.13). Abbreviated approach to breast MRI examination reduces the image acquisition and the reading time associated with MR substantially without influencing the diagnostic accuracy (high sensitivity and NPV >99.5%). AP could translate into cost-savings and could enable a higher number of

  1. Validation of an abbreviated version of the structured interview of reported symptoms in outpatient psychiatric and community settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Debbie; Rosenfeld, Barry; Dole, Tia; Pivovarova, Ekaterina; Zapf, Patricia A

    2008-04-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of an abbreviated version of the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms (SIRS-A) in identifying malingered mental illness. The SIRS-A is comprised of 69 items drawn from the SIRS (R. Rogers et al. 1992, SIRS: Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms: Professional Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.), substantially reducing the administration time. A simulation design was used with three samples; 87 psychiatric outpatients who responded honestly were compared to 29 community-dwelling adults and 24 psychiatric patients instructed to malinger psychopathology. The SIRS-A generated sensitivity comparable to or exceeding that of the SIRS normative data, but specificity was poorer; many genuinely impaired patients were misclassified as malingering. Although these findings suggest the SIRS-A may be an effective means to assess malingering in psychiatric populations, further research assessing the reasons for the elevated false positive rates is necessary.

  2. An Abbreviated Protocol for In Vitro Generation of Functional Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Beta-Like Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Massumi, Mohammad; Pourasgari, Farzaneh; Nalla, Amarnadh

    2016-01-01

    developed an abbreviated five-stage protocol (25-30 days) to generate human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Beta-like Cells (ES-DBCs). We showed that Geltrex, as an extracellular matrix, could support the generation of ES-DBCs more efficiently than that of the previously described culture systems......The ability to yield glucose-responsive pancreatic beta-cells from human pluripotent stem cells in vitro will facilitate the development of the cell replacement therapies for the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes. Here, through the sequential in vitro targeting of selected signaling pathways, we have...... positive cells, 1% insulin and glucagon positive cells and 30% insulin and NKX6.1 co-expressing cells. Functionally, ES-DBCs were responsive to high glucose in static incubation and perifusion studies, and could secrete insulin in response to successive glucose stimulations. Mitochondrial metabolic flux...

  3. Screening for personality disorder with the Standardised Assessment of Personality: Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS: further evidence of concurrent validity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moran Paul

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The assessment of personality disorders (PD is costly and time-consuming. There is a need for a brief screen for personality disorders that can be used in routine clinical settings and epidemiological surveys. Aims: To test the validity of the Standardised Assessment of Personality: Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS as a screen for PD in a clinical sample of substance abusers. Methods Convergent validity of the SAPAS with both categorical and dimensional representations of personality disorders was estimated. Results In this sample, the SAPAS correlated well with dimensional representations of cluster A and C personality disorders, even after controlling for ADHD symptoms, anxiety/depression symptoms and recent substance use. The SAPAS was also significantly associated with total number of PD criteria, although correlation with categorical measures of PD was weak. Conclusions The SAPAS is an valid brief screen for PD as assessed dimensionally.

  4. Measuring health outcomes of a multidisciplinary care approach in individuals with chronic environmental conditions using an abbreviated symptoms questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roy Fox

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Roy Fox1, Tara Sampalli1, Jonathan Fox11Nova Scotia Environmental Health Centre, Fall River, NS, CanadaAbstract: The Nova Scotia Environmental Health Centre is a treatment facility for individuals with chronic environmental conditions such as multiple chemical sensitivity, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, chronic respiratory conditions and in some cases chronic pain. The premise of care is to provide a patient-centred multidisciplinary care approach leading to self-management strategies. In order to measure the outcome of the treatment in these complex problems, with overlapping diagnoses, symptoms in many body systems and suspected environmental triggers, a detailed symptoms questionnaire was developed specifically for this patient population and validated. Results from a pilot study in which an abbreviated symptoms questionnaire based on the top reported symptoms captured in previous research was used to measure the efficacy of a multidisciplinary care approach in individuals with multiple chemical sensitivity are presented in this paper. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent, type and patterns of changes over time in the top reported symptoms with treatment measured using the abbreviated symptoms questionnaire. A total of 183 active and 109 discharged patients participated in the study where the health status was measured at different time periods of follow up since the commencement of treatment at the Centre. The findings from this study were successful in generating an initial picture of the nature and type of changes in these symptoms. For instance, symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, sinus conditions and tiredness showed early improvement, within the first 6 months of being in treatment, while others, such as fatigue, hoarseness or loss of voice, took longer while others showed inconsistent changes warranting further enquiry. A controlled longitudinal study is planned to confirm the findings of the pilot study

  5. Impact of abbreviated lecture with interactive mini-cases vs traditional lecture on student performance in the large classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Leisa L; Nykamp, Diane L; Momary, Kathryn M

    2014-12-15

    To compare the impact of 2 different teaching and learning methods on student mastery of learning objectives in a pharmacotherapy module in the large classroom setting. Two teaching and learning methods were implemented and compared in a required pharmacotherapy module for 2 years. The first year, multiple interactive mini-cases with inclass individual assessment and an abbreviated lecture were used to teach osteoarthritis; a traditional lecture with 1 inclass case discussion was used to teach gout. In the second year, the same topics were used but the methods were flipped. Student performance on pre/post individual readiness assessment tests (iRATs), case questions, and subsequent examinations were compared each year by the teaching and learning method and then between years by topic for each method. Students also voluntarily completed a 20-item evaluation of the teaching and learning methods. Postpresentation iRATs were significantly higher than prepresentation iRATs for each topic each year with the interactive mini-cases; there was no significant difference in iRATs before and after traditional lecture. For osteoarthritis, postpresentation iRATs after interactive mini-cases in year 1 were significantly higher than postpresentation iRATs after traditional lecture in year 2; the difference in iRATs for gout per learning method was not significant. The difference between examination performance for osteoarthritis and gout was not significant when the teaching and learning methods were compared. On the student evaluations, 2 items were significant both years when answers were compared by teaching and learning method. Each year, students ranked their class participation higher with interactive cases than with traditional lecture, but both years they reported enjoying the traditional lecture format more. Multiple interactive mini-cases with an abbreviated lecture improved immediate mastery of learning objectives compared to a traditional lecture format, regardless of

  6. Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) symptom assessment form total symptom score: Prospective international assessment of an abbreviated symptom burden scoring system among patients with MPNs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.M. Emanuel (Robyn); A.C. Dueck (Amylou); H.L. Geyer (Holly); J.J. Kiladjian; S. Slot (Stefanie); S. Zweegman (Sonja); P.A.W. te Boekhorst (Peter); S. Commandeur (Suzan); H. Schouten (Harry); F. Sackmann (Federico); A.K. Fuentes (Ana Kerguelen); D. Hernández-Maraver (Dolores); C. Pahl (Clemens); M. Griesshammer (Martin); F. Stegelmann (Frank); K. Doehner (Konstanze); T. Lehmann (Thomas); K. Bonatz (Karin); A. Reiter (Alfred); F. Boyer (Francoise); J. Etienne (Jerome); J.-C. Ianotto (Jean-Christophe); D. Ranta (Dana); L. Roy (Lydia); J.-Y. Cahn (Jean-Yves); C.N. Harrison (Claire); D. Radia (Deepti); P. Muxi (Pablo); N. Maldonado (Norman); C. Besses (Carlos); F. Cervantes (Francisco); P.L. Johansson (Peter); T. Barbui (Tiziano); G. Barosi (Giovanni); A.M. Vannucchi (Alessandro); F. Passamonti (Francesco); B. Andreasson (Bjorn); M.L. Ferarri (Maria); A. Rambaldi (Alessandro); J. Samuelsson (Jan); G. Birgegard (Gunnar); A. Tefferi (Ayalew); A.A. Mesa

    2012-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) symptoms are troublesome to patients, and alleviation of this burden represents a paramount treatment objective in the development of MPN-directed therapies. We aimed to assess the utility of an abbreviated symptom score for the most pertinent a

  7. 21 CFR 314.107 - Effective date of approval of a 505(b)(2) application or abbreviated new drug application under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... introduction into interstate commerce when approval of the application or abbreviated application for the drug... for 5 years of exclusive marketing under § 314.108(b)(2) and the patent owner or its representative or... application first commences commercial marketing of its drug product; or (ii) The date of a decision of...

  8. The Self-report Standardized Assessment of Personality-abbreviated Scale: Preliminary results of a brief screening test for personality disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Germans, S.; Heck, G.L. van; Moran, P.; Hodiamont, P.P.G.

    2009-01-01

    Objective The internal consistency, test-retest reliability and validity of the Self-report Standardized Assessment of Personality-abbreviated Scale (SAPAS-SR) as a screening instrument for personality disorders were studied in a random sample of 195 Dutch psychiatric outpatients, using the Structu

  9. Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) symptom assessment form total symptom score: Prospective international assessment of an abbreviated symptom burden scoring system among patients with MPNs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.M. Emanuel (Robyn); A.C. Dueck (Amylou); H.L. Geyer (Holly); J.J. Kiladjian; S. Slot (Stefanie); S. Zweegman (Sonja); P.A.W. te Boekhorst (Peter); S. Commandeur (Suzan); H. Schouten (Harry); F. Sackmann (Federico); A.K. Fuentes (Ana Kerguelen); D. Hernández-Maraver (Dolores); C. Pahl (Clemens); M. Griesshammer (Martin); F. Stegelmann (Frank); K. Doehner (Konstanze); T. Lehmann (Thomas); K. Bonatz (Karin); A. Reiter (Alfred); F. Boyer (Francoise); J. Etienne (Jerome); J.-C. Ianotto (Jean-Christophe); D. Ranta (Dana); L. Roy (Lydia); J.-Y. Cahn (Jean-Yves); C.N. Harrison (Claire); D. Radia (Deepti); P. Muxi (Pablo); N. Maldonado (Norman); C. Besses (Carlos); F. Cervantes (Francisco); P.L. Johansson (Peter); T. Barbui (Tiziano); G. Barosi (Giovanni); A.M. Vannucchi (Alessandro); F. Passamonti (Francesco); B. Andreasson (Bjorn); M.L. Ferarri (Maria); A. Rambaldi (Alessandro); J. Samuelsson (Jan); G. Birgegard (Gunnar); A. Tefferi (Ayalew); A.A. Mesa

    2012-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) symptoms are troublesome to patients, and alleviation of this burden represents a paramount treatment objective in the development of MPN-directed therapies. We aimed to assess the utility of an abbreviated symptom score for the most pertinent

  10. Development and validation of a complementary map to enhance the existing 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McLellan Susan

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Many trauma registries have used the Abbreviated Injury Scale 1990 Revision Update 98 (AIS98 to classify injuries. In the current AIS version (Abbreviated Injury Scale 2005 Update 2008 - AIS08, injury classification and specificity differ substantially from AIS98, and the mapping tools provided in the AIS08 dictionary are incomplete. As a result, data from different AIS versions cannot currently be compared. The aim of this study was to develop an additional AIS98 to AIS08 mapping tool to complement the current AIS dictionary map, and then to evaluate the completed map (produced by combining these two maps using double-coded data. The value of additional information provided by free text descriptions accompanying assigned codes was also assessed. Methods Using a modified Delphi process, a panel of expert AIS coders established plausible AIS08 equivalents for the 153 AIS98 codes which currently have no AIS08 map. A series of major trauma patients whose injuries had been double-coded in AIS98 and AIS08 was used to assess the maps; both of the AIS datasets had already been mapped to another AIS version using the AIS dictionary maps. Following application of the completed (enhanced map with or without free text evaluation, up to six AIS codes were available for each injury. Datasets were assessed for agreement in injury severity measures, and the relative performances of the maps in accurately describing the trauma population were evaluated. Results The double-coded injuries sustained by 109 patients were used to assess the maps. For data conversion from AIS98, both the enhanced map and the enhanced map with free text description resulted in higher levels of accuracy and agreement with directly coded AIS08 data than the currently available dictionary map. Paired comparisons demonstrated significant differences between direct coding and the dictionary maps, but not with either of the enhanced maps. Conclusions The newly

  11. Testing the Abbreviated Food Technology Neophobia Scale and its relation to satisfaction with food-related life in university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnettler, Berta; Grunert, Klaus G; Miranda-Zapata, Edgardo; Orellana, Ligia; Sepúlveda, José; Lobos, Germán; Hueche, Clementina; Höger, Yesli

    2017-06-01

    The aims of this study were to test the relationships between food neophobia, satisfaction with food-related life and food technology neophobia, distinguishing consumer segments according to these variables and characterizing them according to willingness to purchase food produced with novel technologies. A survey was conducted with 372 university students (mean aged=20.4years, SD=2.4). The questionnaire included the Abbreviated version of the Food Technology Neophobia Scale (AFTNS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and a 6-item version of the Food Neophobia Scale (FNS). Using confirmatory factor analysis, it was confirmed that SWFL correlated inversely with FNS, whereas FNS correlated inversely with AFTNS. No relationship was found between SWFL and AFTNS. Two main segments were identified using cluster analysis; these segments differed according to gender and family size. Group 1 (57.8%) possessed higher AFTNS and FNS scores than Group 2 (28.5%). However, these groups did not differ in their SWFL scores. Group 1 was less willing to purchase foods produced with new technologies than Group 2. The AFTNS and the 6-item version of the FNS are suitable instruments to measure acceptance of foods produced using new technologies in South American developing countries. The AFTNS constitutes a parsimonious alternative for the international study of food technology neophobia. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Math Anxiety Assessment with the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: Applicability and usefulness: insights from the Polish adaptation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof eCipora

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Math anxiety has an important impact on mathematical development and performance. However, although math anxiety is supposed to be a transcultural trait, assessment instruments are scarce and are validated mainly for Western cultures so far. Therefore, we aimed at examining the transcultural generality of math anxiety by a thorough investigation of the validity of math anxiety assessment in Eastern Europe. We investigated the validity and reliability of a Polish adaptation of the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS, known to have very good psychometric characteristics in its original, American-English version as well as in its Italian and Iranian adaptations.We also observed high reliability, both for internal consistency and test-retest stability of the AMAS in the Polish sample. The results also show very good construct, convergent and discriminant validity: The factorial structure in Polish adult participants (n = 857 was very similar to the one previously found in other samples; AMAS scores correlated moderately in expected directions with state and trait anxiety, self-assessed math achievement and skill as well temperamental traits of emotional reactivity, briskness, endurance and perseverance. Average scores obtained by participants as well as gender differences and correlations with external measures were also similar across cultures. Beyond the cultural comparison, we used path model analyses to show that math anxiety relates to math grades and self-competence when controlling for trait anxiety.The current study shows transcultural validity of math anxiety assessment with the AMAS.

  13. Selecting an optimal abbreviated ICF set for clinical practice among rehabilitants with subacute stroke: retrospective analysis of patient records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltychev, Mikhail; Tarvonen-Schröder, Sinikka; Eskola, Merja; Laimi, Katri

    2013-06-01

    To evaluate the adequacy of abbreviated versions of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) (the WHO ICF Checklist and the ICF Comprehensive Core Set for Stroke) with respect to the specific clinical needs of a stroke rehabilitation unit before their implementation at a practical level. Common descriptions of functional limitations were identified from patient records of 10 subsequent subacute stroke patients referred to an inpatient multiprofessional rehabilitation unit of a university hospital. These descriptions were then converted into ICF categories, and the list was compared with the ICF Checklist of the WHO and the ICF Comprehensive and Brief Core Sets for Stroke developed by the ICF Research Branch. From the study population (50% women), 71 different, second-level ICF categories were identified, averaging 36.4 categories/patient (SD 5.8, range 28-46). Except for one category, all of the categories identified were also found in the ICF Comprehensive Core Set for Stroke. Of the categories identified, 49 (69%) were found in the WHO ICF Checklist. All except one category included in the ICF Brief Core Set for Stroke were also in our list. The Comprehensive Core Set for Stroke was found to be a good potential starting point for the practical implementation of the ICF in a stroke rehabilitation unit.

  14. Math Anxiety Assessment with the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: Applicability and Usefulness: Insights from the Polish Adaptation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipora, Krzysztof; Szczygieł, Monika; Willmes, Klaus; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph

    2015-01-01

    Math anxiety has an important impact on mathematical development and performance. However, although math anxiety is supposed to be a transcultural trait, assessment instruments are scarce and are validated mainly for Western cultures so far. Therefore, we aimed at examining the transcultural generality of math anxiety by a thorough investigation of the validity of math anxiety assessment in Eastern Europe. We investigated the validity and reliability of a Polish adaptation of the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS), known to have very good psychometric characteristics in its original, American-English version as well as in its Italian and Iranian adaptations. We also observed high reliability, both for internal consistency and test-retest stability of the AMAS in the Polish sample. The results also show very good construct, convergent and discriminant validity: The factorial structure in Polish adult participants (n = 857) was very similar to the one previously found in other samples; AMAS scores correlated moderately in expected directions with state and trait anxiety, self-assessed math achievement and skill as well temperamental traits of emotional reactivity, briskness, endurance, and perseverance. Average scores obtained by participants as well as gender differences and correlations with external measures were also similar across cultures. Beyond the cultural comparison, we used path model analyses to show that math anxiety relates to math grades and self-competence when controlling for trait anxiety. The current study shows transcultural validity of math anxiety assessment with the AMAS. PMID:26648893

  15. Math Anxiety Assessment with the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: Applicability and Usefulness: Insights from the Polish Adaptation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipora, Krzysztof; Szczygieł, Monika; Willmes, Klaus; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph

    2015-01-01

    Math anxiety has an important impact on mathematical development and performance. However, although math anxiety is supposed to be a transcultural trait, assessment instruments are scarce and are validated mainly for Western cultures so far. Therefore, we aimed at examining the transcultural generality of math anxiety by a thorough investigation of the validity of math anxiety assessment in Eastern Europe. We investigated the validity and reliability of a Polish adaptation of the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS), known to have very good psychometric characteristics in its original, American-English version as well as in its Italian and Iranian adaptations. We also observed high reliability, both for internal consistency and test-retest stability of the AMAS in the Polish sample. The results also show very good construct, convergent and discriminant validity: The factorial structure in Polish adult participants (n = 857) was very similar to the one previously found in other samples; AMAS scores correlated moderately in expected directions with state and trait anxiety, self-assessed math achievement and skill as well temperamental traits of emotional reactivity, briskness, endurance, and perseverance. Average scores obtained by participants as well as gender differences and correlations with external measures were also similar across cultures. Beyond the cultural comparison, we used path model analyses to show that math anxiety relates to math grades and self-competence when controlling for trait anxiety. The current study shows transcultural validity of math anxiety assessment with the AMAS.

  16. Reliability and diagnostic efficiency of the abbreviated-diagnostic interview for borderlines in an adolescent clinical population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilé, Jean Marc; Greenfield, Brian; Berthiaume, Claude; Chapdelaine, Cimon; Bergeron, Lise

    2009-09-01

    Examine the reliability as well as the concurrent validity and diagnostic efficiency of the Abbreviated version of the diagnostic interview for borderlines revised (Ab-DIB) as a screening measure of borderline psychopathology in an adolescent clinical population. The Ab-DIB is a DIB-R-derived self-report covering the impulsiveness as well as the affect and cognitive components of the borderline construct. Its administration lasts 10 min. The Ab-DIB was tested on 139 suicidal youths for reliability and concurrent validity against the DIB-R and the Columbia Impairment Scale (CIS). Internal consistencies and test-retest Intra-Class-Correlations ranged from 0.80 to 0.86 and 0.77 to 0.95, respectively. ROC analysis yielded an area under the curve of 0.87 (p < 0.001). Sensitivity was 0.88 and specificity ranged from 0.82 to 0.73 depending on the age-range. Correlation of the Ab-DIB's continuous score with the CIS was 0.42 (p < 0.001). In conclusion, The Ab-DIB's brief duration and psychometric properties suggest its utility in time-limited settings.

  17. Abbreviated World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-Bref) in north Indian patients with bronchial asthma: an evaluation using Rasch analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Aggarwal, Ashutosh N.; Agarwal, Ritesh; Gupta, Dheeraj

    2014-01-01

    Background: There is no disease-specific instrument to describe health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Indian patients with asthma. However, an abbreviated World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-Bref), a generic Hindi HRQoL measure, has been developed and validated in India. Aims: To evaluate the WHOQOL-Bref in adult patients with asthma and to test possible modifications to the instrument to improve its psychometric adequacy. Methods: Sixty-seven patients with ast...

  18. Modeling the structure of the attitudes and belief scale 2 using CFA and bifactor approaches: Toward the development of an abbreviated version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, Philip; Shevlin, Mark; Adamson, Gary; Boduszek, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The Attitudes and Belief Scale-2 (ABS-2: DiGiuseppe, Leaf, Exner, & Robin, 1988. The development of a measure of rational/irrational thinking. Paper presented at the World Congress of Behavior Therapy, Edinburg, Scotland.) is a 72-item self-report measure of evaluative rational and irrational beliefs widely used in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy research contexts. However, little psychometric evidence exists regarding the measure's underlying factor structure. Furthermore, given the length of the ABS-2 there is a need for an abbreviated version that can be administered when there are time demands on the researcher, such as in clinical settings. This study sought to examine a series of theoretical models hypothesized to represent the latent structure of the ABS-2 within an alternative models framework using traditional confirmatory factor analysis as well as utilizing a bifactor modeling approach. Furthermore, this study also sought to develop a psychometrically sound abbreviated version of the ABS-2. Three hundred and thirteen (N = 313) active emergency service personnel completed the ABS-2. Results indicated that for each model, the application of bifactor modeling procedures improved model fit statistics, and a novel eight-factor intercorrelated solution was identified as the best fitting model of the ABS-2. However, the observed fit indices failed to satisfy commonly accepted standards. A 24-item abbreviated version was thus constructed and an intercorrelated eight-factor solution yielded satisfactory model fit statistics. Current results support the use of a bifactor modeling approach to determining the factor structure of the ABS-2. Furthermore, results provide empirical support for the psychometric properties of the newly developed abbreviated version.

  19. 两种不同类型的缩略词语:用语缩略与造词缩略——兼论海峡两岸缩略词语的类型差异%Two kinds of Abbreviations:Abbreviations about Using and Abbreviation about Coinages——On Different Types across the Taiwan Strait

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刁晏斌

    2011-01-01

    Abbreviations in Modern Chinese are a very complex set which can be divided as abbreviations about using and abbreviation about coinages,depending on their generated motivations and generative process.The former focuses on the convenient form of language use about the relatively fixed form of language.The latter is a kind of combination which is not associated with a relatively fixed strictly corresponded to the original style,using the abbreviated form of word-building materials.They have different focuses and correspond to different issues.The mechanism and procedure of generating and the surface meanings are also different.In the framework of dichotomy,there are significant difference between abbreviations in Taiwan Mandarin and mainland Mandarin: as to abbreviations about using,it includes less Numeral Compact Expressions,more common names and more compaction of Three-syllable words;as to abbreviation about coinages,it includes less fixed terms but more temporary words.%现代汉语缩略词语是一个非常复杂的集合,可以根据其产生动机和生成过程等的差异,分为"用语的缩略"和"造词的缩略",前者因着眼于对已有相对固定语言形式的便捷使用而生,后者则是不与某一相对固定的原式严格对应的、利用缩略性构词材料构成的组合形式。二者的着眼点不同,对应物不同,产生机制和过程不同,在表义上也有差异。在这个二分的框架下,可以看到台湾"国语"缩略词语与普通话的明显差异:就用语缩略来说,是数字略语少、合称多、三音节词的简缩多;就造词缩略来看,则是固定词少而临时词多。

  20. Abbreviation of larval development and extension of brood care as key features of the evolution of freshwater Decapoda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogt, Günter

    2013-02-01

    The transition from marine to freshwater habitats is one of the major steps in the evolution of life. In the decapod crustaceans, four groups have colonized fresh water at different geological times since the Triassic, the freshwater shrimps, freshwater crayfish, freshwater crabs and freshwater anomurans. Some families have even colonized terrestrial habitats via the freshwater route or directly via the sea shore. Since none of these taxa has ever reinvaded its environment of origin the Decapoda appear particularly suitable to investigate life-history adaptations to fresh water. Evolutionary comparison of marine, freshwater and terrestrial decapods suggests that the reduction of egg number, abbreviation of larval development, extension of brood care and lecithotrophy of the first posthatching life stages are key adaptations to fresh water. Marine decapods usually have high numbers of small eggs and develop through a prolonged planktonic larval cycle, whereas the production of small numbers of large eggs, direct development and extended brood care until the juvenile stage is the rule in freshwater crayfish, primary freshwater crabs and aeglid anomurans. The amphidromous freshwater shrimp and freshwater crab species and all terrestrial decapods that invaded land via the sea shore have retained ocean-type planktonic development. Abbreviation of larval development and extension of brood care are interpreted as adaptations to the particularly strong variations of hydrodynamic parameters, physico-chemical factors and phytoplankton availability in freshwater habitats. These life-history changes increase fitness of the offspring and are obviously favoured by natural selection, explaining their multiple origins in fresh water. There is no evidence for their early evolution in the marine ancestors of the extant freshwater groups and a preadaptive role for the conquest of fresh water. The costs of the shift from relative r- to K-strategy in freshwater decapods are traded

  1. An Abbreviated Protocol for In Vitro Generation of Functional Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Beta-Like Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massumi, Mohammad; Pourasgari, Farzaneh; Nalla, Amarnadh; Batchuluun, Battsetseg; Nagy, Kristina; Neely, Eric; Gull, Rida; Nagy, Andras; Wheeler, Michael B.

    2016-01-01

    The ability to yield glucose-responsive pancreatic beta-cells from human pluripotent stem cells in vitro will facilitate the development of the cell replacement therapies for the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes. Here, through the sequential in vitro targeting of selected signaling pathways, we have developed an abbreviated five-stage protocol (25–30 days) to generate human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Beta-like Cells (ES-DBCs). We showed that Geltrex, as an extracellular matrix, could support the generation of ES-DBCs more efficiently than that of the previously described culture systems. The activation of FGF and Retinoic Acid along with the inhibition of BMP, SHH and TGF-beta led to the generation of 75% NKX6.1+/NGN3+ Endocrine Progenitors. The inhibition of Notch and tyrosine kinase receptor AXL, and the treatment with Exendin-4 and T3 in the final stage resulted in 35% mono-hormonal insulin positive cells, 1% insulin and glucagon positive cells and 30% insulin and NKX6.1 co-expressing cells. Functionally, ES-DBCs were responsive to high glucose in static incubation and perifusion studies, and could secrete insulin in response to successive glucose stimulations. Mitochondrial metabolic flux analyses using Seahorse demonstrated that the ES-DBCs could efficiently metabolize glucose and generate intracellular signals to trigger insulin secretion. In conclusion, targeting selected signaling pathways for 25–30 days was sufficient to generate ES-DBCs in vitro. The ability of ES-DBCs to secrete insulin in response to glucose renders them a promising model for the in vitro screening of drugs, small molecules or genes that may have potential to influence beta-cell function. PMID:27755557

  2. SLAM-enriched hematopoietic stem cells maintain long-term repopulating capacity after lentiviral transduction using an abbreviated protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laje, P; Zoltick, P W; Flake, A W

    2010-03-01

    Gene transfer to long-term repopulating hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) using integrating viral vectors is an important goal in gene therapy. The SLAM (signaling lymphocyte activation molecule)-family receptors have recently been used for the isolation of highly enriched murine HSCs. This HSC enrichment protocol is relatively simple, and results in an HSC population with comparable repopulating capacity to c-kit(+)lin(-)Sca-1(+) (KSL) HSCs. The capacity to withstand genetic manipulation and, most importantly, to maintain long-term repopulating capacity of SLAM-enriched HSC populations has not been reported. In this study, SLAM-enriched HSCs were assessed for transduction efficiency and in vivo long-term repopulating capacity after lentiviral transduction using an abbreviated transduction protocol and KSL-enriched HSCs as a reference population. SLAM- and KSL-enriched HSCs were efficiently transduced by lentiviral vector using a simple protocol that involves minimal in vitro manipulation and no pre-stimulation. SLAM-HSCs are at least equal to KSL-HSCs with respect to efficiency of transduction and maintenance of long-term repopulating capacity. Although there was a reduction in repopulating capacity related to enrichment and culture manipulations relative to freshly isolated bone marrow (BM) cells, no detrimental effects were identified on long-term competitive capacity related to transduction, as transduced cells maintained stable levels of chimerism in competition with non-transduced cells and freshly isolated BM cells. These results support the SLAM-HSC enrichment protocol as a simple and efficient method for HSC enrichment for gene transfer studies.

  3. Use of an abbreviated neuroscience education approach in the treatment of chronic low back pain: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louw, Adriaan; Puentedura, Emilio Louie; Mintken, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Chronic low back pain (CLBP) remains prevalent in society, and conservative treatment strategies appear to have little effect. It is proposed that patients with CLBP may have altered cognition and increased fear, which impacts their ability to move, perform exercise, and partake in activities of daily living. Neuroscience education (NE) aims to change a patient's cognition regarding their pain state, which may result in decreased fear, ultimately resulting in confrontation of pain barriers and a resumption of normal activities. A 64-year-old female with history of CLBP was the patient for this case report. A physical examination, the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ), and Zung Depression Scale were assessed during her initial physical therapy visit, immediately after her first physical therapy session, and at 7-month follow-up. Treatment consisted of an abbreviated NE approach, exercises (range of motion, stretches, and cardiovascular), and aquatic therapy. She attended twice a week for 4 weeks, or 8 visits total. Pre-NE, the patient reported NPRS = 9/10; ODI = 54%; FABQ-W = 25/42,; FABQ-PA = 20/24, and Zung = 58. Immediately following the 75-minute evaluation and NE session, the patient reported improvement in all four outcome measures, most notably a reduction in the FABQ-W score to 2/42 and the FABQ-PA to 1/24. At a 7-month follow-up, all outcome measures continued to be improved. NE aimed at decreasing fear associated with movement may be a valuable adjunct to movement-based therapy, such as exercise, for patients with CLBP.

  4. Mortality Risk in Pediatric Motor Vehicle Crash Occupants: Accounting for Developmental Stage and Challenging Abbreviated Injury Scale Metrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doud, Andrea N; Weaver, Ashley A; Talton, Jennifer W; Barnard, Ryan T; Schoell, Samantha L; Petty, John K; Stitzel, Joel D

    2015-01-01

    Survival risk ratios (SRRs) and their probabilistic counterpart, mortality risk ratios (MRRs), have been shown to be at odds with Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) severity scores for particular injuries in adults. SRRs have been validated for pediatrics but have not been studied within the context of pediatric age stratifications. We hypothesized that children with similar motor vehicle crash (MVC) injuries may have different mortality risks (MR) based upon developmental stage and that these MRs may not correlate with AIS severity. The NASS-CDS 2000-2011 was used to define the top 95% most common AIS 2+ injuries among MVC occupants in 4 age groups: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, and 15-18 years. Next, the National Trauma Databank 2002-2011 was used to calculate the MR (proportion of those dying with an injury to those sustaining the injury) and the co-injury-adjusted MR (MRMAIS) for each injury within 6 age groups: 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-18, 0-18, and 19+ years. MR differences were evaluated between age groups aggregately, between age groups based upon anatomic injury patterns and between age groups on an individual injury level using nonparametric Wilcoxon tests and chi-square or Fisher's exact tests as appropriate. Correlation between AIS and MR within each age group was also evaluated. MR and MRMAIS distributions of the most common AIS 2+ injuries were right skewed. Aggregate MR of these most common injuries varied between the age groups, with 5- to 9-year-old and 10- to 14-year-old children having the lowest MRs and 0- to 4-year-old and 15- to 18-year-old children and adults having the highest MRs (all P injuries imparted the greatest mortality risk in all age groups with median MRMAIS ranging from 0 to 6% and 0 to 4.5%, respectively. Injuries to particular body regions also varied with respect to MR based upon age. For example, thoracic injuries in adults had significantly higher MRMAIS than such injuries among 5- to 9-year-olds and 10- to 14-year-olds (P =.04; P injuries

  5. A Non-Inferiority Trial of an Evidence-Based Secondary HIV Prevention Behavioral Intervention Compared to an Adapted, Abbreviated Version: Rationale and Intervention Description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Roman; Krishnan, Archana; Altice, Frederick L.; Copenhaver, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Background Real-world clinical settings like addiction treatment programs are ill-equipped to deploy and sustain the existing-resource-demanding evidence-based interventions (EBIs) that target HIV-infected people who use drugs (PWUDs), and this has left a critical void in current HIV prevention efforts. In response to this unmet need, we have conducted formative research in addiction treatment settings that has resulted in Holistic Health for HIV (3H+) – an empirically adapted, substantially abbreviated version of Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP+), a CDC-recommended EBI targeting HIV-infected PWUDs. Methods Using a non-inferiority randomized controlled trial design, we will determine whether the abbreviated 3H+ intervention is comparable (i.e., within a 10% margin) and cost-effective relative to the original HHRP+ intervention in terms of reducing HIV risk behaviors and improving antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among HIV-infected PWUDs in addiction treatment who report drug- or sex-related HIV risk behaviors. Conclusions This article provides a description of the development and adaptation of the 3H+ intervention, the innovative non-inferiority comparative experimental design for testing the 3H+ to the HHRP+. Furthermore, it provides empirical evidence from a formal cost-effectiveness analysis justifying the cost-effectiveness of the 3H+ intervention when compared to the HHRP+ intervention. If confirmed to be comparable and more cost-effective, as hypothesized, the 3H+ intervention has the potential to be readily and immediately integrated within common clinical settings where large numbers of HIV-infected PWUDs receive clinical services. PMID:26253181

  6. Acceptance and commitment therapy for chronic pain: evidence of mediation and clinically significant change following an abbreviated interdisciplinary program of rehabilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vowles, Kevin E; Witkiewitz, Katie; Sowden, Gail; Ashworth, Julie

    2014-01-01

    There is an emerging body of evidence regarding interdisciplinary acceptance and commitment therapy in the rehabilitative treatment of chronic pain. This study evaluated the reliability and clinical significance of change following an open trial that was briefer than that examined in previous work. In addition, the possible mediating effect of psychological flexibility, which is theorized to underlie the acceptance and commitment therapy model, was examined. Participants included 117 completers of an interdisciplinary program of rehabilitation for chronic pain. Assessment took place at treatment onset and conclusion, and at a 3-month follow-up when 78 patients (66.7%) provided data. At the 3-month follow-up, 46.2% of patients achieved clinically significant change, and 58.9% achieved reliable change, in at least 1 key measure of functioning (depression, pain anxiety, and disability). Changes in measures of psychological flexibility significantly mediated changes in disability, depression, pain-related anxiety, number of medical visits, and the number of classes of prescribed analgesics. These results add to the growing body of evidence supporting interdisciplinary acceptance and commitment therapy for chronic pain, particularly with regard to the clinical significance of an abbreviated course of treatment. Further, improvements appear to be mediated by changes in the processes specified within the theoretical model. Outcomes of an abbreviated interdisciplinary treatment for chronic pain based on a particular theoretical model are presented. Analyses indicated that improvements at follow-up mediated change in the theorized treatment process. Clinically significant change was indicated in just under half of participants. These data may be helpful to clinicians and researchers interested in intervention approaches and mechanisms of change. Copyright © 2014 American Pain Society. All rights reserved.

  7. Detecting malingering in traumatic brain injury and chronic pain with an abbreviated version of the Meyers Index for the MMPI-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguerrevere, Luis E; Greve, Kevin W; Bianchini, Kevin J; Meyers, John E

    2008-01-01

    Meyers, Millis, and Volkert [Meyers, J. E., Millis, S. R., & Volkert, K. (2002). A validity index for the MMPI-2. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 157-169] developed a method to detect malingering in chronic pain patients using seven scales from the Minnesota Multiphasic Inventory-2 (MMPI-2). This method may be impractical because two of the scales (Obvious minus Subtle and Dissimulation-revised) are not reported by the commercially available Pearson computerized scoring system. The current study recalculated the Meyers Index using the five Pearson-provided scales in the chronic pain data sets of Meyers et al. [Meyers, J. E., Millis, S. R., & Volkert, K. (2002). A validity index for the MMPI-2. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 157-169] and Bianchini, Etherton, Greve, Heinly, and Meyers [Bianchini, K. J., Etherton, J. L., Greve, K. W., Heinly, M. T., & Meyers, J. E. (in press). Classification accuracy of MMPI-2 validity scales in the detection of pain-related malingering: A known-groups approach. Assessment], and the traumatic brain injury data of Greve, Bianchini, Love, Brennan, and Heinly [Greve, K. W., Bianchini, K. J., Love, J. M., Brennan, A., & Heinly, M. T. (2006). Sensitivity and specificity of MMPI-2 validity scales and indicators to malingered neurocognitive dysfunction in traumatic brain injury. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 20, 491-512]. Classification accuracy of the abbreviated Meyers Index was comparable to the original. These findings demonstrate that the abbreviated Meyers Index can be used as a substitute of the original Meyers Index without decrements in classification accuracy.

  8. The abbreviated impactor measurement (AIM) concept: part 1--Influence of particle bounce and re-entrainment-evaluation with a "dry" pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI)-based formulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, J P; Nagel, M W; Avvakoumova, V; MacKay, H; Ali, R

    2009-01-01

    The abbreviated impactor measurement concept is a potential improvement to the labor-intensive full-resolution cascade impactor methodology for inhaler aerosol aerodynamic particle size distribution (APSD) measurement by virtue of being simpler and therefore quicker to execute. At the same time, improved measurement precision should be possible by eliminating stages upon which little or no drug mass is collected. Although several designs of abbreviated impactor systems have been developed in recent years, experimental work is lacking to validate the technique with aerosols produced by currently available inhalers. In part 1 of this two-part article that focuses on aerosols produced by pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDIs), the evaluation of two abbreviated impactor systems (Copley fast screening Andersen impactor and Trudell fast screening Andersen impactor), based on the full-resolution eight-stage Andersen nonviable cascade impactor (ACI) operating principle, is reported with a formulation producing dry particles. The purpose was to investigate the potential for non-ideal collection behavior associated with particle bounce in relation to internal losses to surfaces from which particles containing active pharmaceutical ingredient are not normally recovered. Both abbreviated impactors were found to be substantially equivalent to the full-resolution ACI in terms of extra-fine and fine particle and coarse mass fractions used as metrics to characterize the APSD of these pMDI-produced aerosols when sampled at 28.3 L/min, provided that precautions are taken to coat collection plates to minimize bounce and entrainment.

  9. Risk adapted transmission prophylaxis to prevent vertical HIV–1 transmission: Effectiveness and safety of an abbreviated regimen of postnatal oral Zidovudine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neubert Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Antiretroviral drugs including zidovudine (ZDV are effective in reducing HIV mother to child transmission (MTCT, however safety concern remains. The optimal duration of postnatal ZDV has not been established in clinical studies and there is a lack of consensus regarding optimal management. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of a risk adapted two week course of oral postnatal ZDV as part of a combined intervention to reduce MTCT. Methods 118 mother infant pairs were treated according to the German-Austrian recommendations for HIV therapy in pregnancy and in HIV exposed newborns between 2000–2010. In the absence of factors associated with an increased HIV–1 transmission risk, children were assigned to the low risk group and treated with an abbreviated postnatal regimen with oral ZDV for 2 weeks. In the presence of risk factors, postnatal ZDV was escalated accordingly. Results Of 118 mother-infant pairs 79 were stratified to the low risk group, 27 to the high risk group and 11 to the very high risk group for HIV–1 MTCT. 4 children were lost to follow up. Overall Transmission risk in the group regardless of risk factors and completion of prophylaxis was 1.8% (95% confidence interval (CI 0.09–6.6. If transmission prophylaxis was complete, transmission risk was 0.9% (95% CI 0.01-5.7. In the low risk group receiving two week oral ZDV transmission risk was 1.4% (95% CI 0.01–8.4 Conclusion These data demonstrate the effectiveness of a short neonatal ZDV regimen in infants of women on stable ART and effective HIV–1 suppression. Further evaluation is needed in larger studies.

  10. Screening for personality disorder in incarcerated adolescent boys: preliminary validation of an adolescent version of the standardised assessment of personality – abbreviated scale (SAPAS-AV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kongerslev Mickey

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Personality disorder (PD is associated with significant functional impairment and an elevated risk of violent and suicidal behaviour. The prevalence of PD in populations of young offenders is likely to be high. However, because the assessment of PD is time-consuming, it is not routinely assessed in this population. A brief screen for the identification of young people who might warrant further detailed assessment of PD could be particularly valuable for clinicians and researchers working in juvenile justice settings. Method We adapted a rapid screen for the identification of PD in adults (Standardised Assessment of Personality – Abbreviated Scale; SAPAS for use with adolescents and then carried out a study of the reliability and validity of the adapted instrument in a sample of 80 adolescent boys in secure institutions. Participants were administered the screen and shortly after an established diagnostic interview for DSM-IV PDs. Nine days later the screen was readministered. Results A score of 3 or more on the screening interview correctly identified the presence of DSM-IV PD in 86% of participants, yielding a sensitivity and specificity of 0.87 and 0.86 respectively. Internal consistency was modest but comparable to the original instrument. 9-days test-retest reliability for the total score was excellent. Convergent validity correlations with the total number of PD criteria were large. Conclusion This study provides preliminary evidence of the validity, reliability, and usefulness of the screen in secure institutions for adolescent male offenders. It can be used in juvenile offender institutions with limited resources, as a brief, acceptable, staff-administered routine screen to identify individuals in need of further assessment of PD or by researchers conducting epidemiological surveys.

  11. Associations between performance on an abbreviated CogState battery, other measures of cognitive function, and biomarkers in people at risk for Alzheimer’s disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Racine, Annie M.; Clark, Lindsay R.; Berman, Sara E.; Koscik, Rebecca L.; Mueller, Kimberly D.; Norton, Derek; Nicholas, Christopher R.; Blennow, Kaj; Zetterberg, Henrik; Jedynak, Bruno; Bilgel, Murat; Carlsson, Cynthia M.; Christian, Bradley T.; Asthana, Sanjay; Johnson, Sterling C.

    2016-01-01

    It is not known whether computerized cognitive assessments, like the CogState battery, are sensitive to preclinical cognitive changes or pathology in people at risk for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In 469 late middle-aged participants from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer’s Prevention (mean age 63.8±7 years at testing; 67% female; 39% APOE4+), we examined relationships between a CogState abbreviated battery (CAB) of seven tests and demographic characteristics, traditional paper-based neuropsychological tests as well as a composite cognitive impairment index, cognitive impairment status (determined by consensus review); and biomarkers for amyloid and tau (CSF phosphorylated-tau/Aβ42 and global PET-PiB burden) and neural injury (CSF neurofilament light protein). CSF and PET-PiB were collected in n=71 and n=91 participants, respectively, approximately four years prior to CAB testing. For comparison, we examined three traditional tests of delayed memory in parallel. Similar to studies in older samples, the CAB was less influenced by demographic factors than traditional tests. CAB tests were generally correlated with most paper-based cognitive tests examined and mapped onto the same cognitive domains. Greater composite cognitive impairment index was associated with worse performance on all CAB tests. Cognitively impaired participants performed significantly worse compared to normal controls on all but one CAB test. Poorer One Card Learning test performance was associated with higher levels of CSF phosphorylated-tau/Aβ42. These results support the use of the CogState battery as measures of early cognitive impairment in studies of people at risk for AD. PMID:27589532

  12. Assessment of the effects and limitations of the 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map using a large population-based dataset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franklyn Melanie

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Trauma systems should consistently monitor a given trauma population over a period of time. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS and derived scores such as the Injury Severity Score (ISS are commonly used to quantify injury severities in trauma registries. To reflect contemporary trauma management and treatment, the most recent version of the AIS (AIS08 contains many codes which differ in severity from their equivalents in the earlier 1998 version (AIS98. Consequently, the adoption of AIS08 may impede comparisons between data coded using different AIS versions. It may also affect the number of patients classified as major trauma. Methods The entire AIS98-coded injury dataset of a large population based trauma registry was retrieved and mapped to AIS08 using the currently available AIS98-AIS08 dictionary map. The percentage of codes which had increased or decreased in severity, or could not be mapped, was examined in conjunction with the effect of these changes to the calculated ISS. The potential for free text information accompanying AIS coding to improve the quality of AIS mapping was explored. Results A total of 128280 AIS98-coded injuries were evaluated in 32134 patients, 15471 patients of whom were classified as major trauma. Although only 4.5% of dictionary codes decreased in severity from AIS98 to AIS08, this represented almost 13% of injuries in the registry. In 4.9% of patients, no injuries could be mapped. ISS was potentially unreliable in one-third of patients, as they had at least one AIS98 code which could not be mapped. Using AIS08, the number of patients classified as major trauma decreased by between 17.3% and 30.3%. Evaluation of free text descriptions for some injuries demonstrated the potential to improve mapping between AIS versions. Conclusions Converting AIS98-coded data to AIS08 results in a significant decrease in the number of patients classified as major trauma. Many AIS98 codes are missing from the

  13. Studies on health in elderly observation centers (abbreviated from Italian: COSA): a multidimensional evaluation (MDE) of an elderly population frequenting a diurnal center in Catania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santangelo, Antonino; Testai', Manuela; Castelli, Roberta; Albani, Salvatore; Cappello, Antonella; Primavera, Grazia; Tomarchio, Marcello; Maugeri, Domenico

    2012-01-01

    The worldwide progressive aging of the population forces us to reconsider the strategies of evaluation the effects of the geriatric "tsunami" on the health politics. The present study on the COSA (abbreviated from the Italian name: "Centro Osservazione Salute Anziani") has the aim to investigate the effects of a new form called Specialistic Geriatric Assistance on the already existing geriatric services in our territory, like UVG (Unità Valutazione Geriatrica), ADI (Assistenza Domiciliare Integrata), MMG (Medici di Medicina Generale). The present preliminary studies were carried out a group of elderly people frequenting the elderly day center "Villa Angela" located in Catania. We enrolled 42 subjects, 29 females and 13 males, in the age-range of 65-89 years (mean=73.6 years). An evaluation protocol was used for the participants, having two parts. The first part was a general one performing an accurate anamnestic examination, while the second part evaluated the cognitive and affective spheres, and the levels of autonomy and autosufficiency. The data obtained show that that the elderly population of the daily center "Villa Angela" in Catania is affected by numerous pathologies and comorbidities, which all increase the total risk of disabilities. The subjects use a high number of medicines (sometimes more than 10), which is not always justified by the pathologies found in them. Considering the functional profiles of the patients, the sanitary services offered to them are appropriate, because almost all of the elderly people were autonomous and autosufficient, having still adequate physical performances. The higher cognitive performance seemed to be reduced in more than 50% of the patients, showing almost always a slight or moderate deterioration. The depressive state measured by the GDS seemed to reach the deflection of joy of life 54.8%, while the established depression was detected in 12%. These results emphasize the importance of the functional psychogeriatric

  14. Impact of an Abbreviated Cardiac Enzyme Protocol to Aid Rapid Discharge of Patients with Cocaine-associated Chest Pain in the Clinical Decision Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faheem W. Guirgis

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In 2007 there were 64,000 visits to the emergency department (ED for possible myocardial infarction (MI related to cocaine use. Prior studies have demonstrated that low- to intermediate-risk patients with cocaine-associated chest pain can be safely discharged after 9-12 hours of observation. The goal of this study was to determine the safety of an 8-hour protocol for ruling out MI in patients who presented with cocaine-associated chest pain. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients treated with an 8-hour cocaine chest pain protocol between May 1, 2011 and November 30, 2012 who were sent to the clinical decision unit (CDU for observation. The protocol included serial cardiac biomarker testing with Troponin-T, CK-MB (including delta CK-MB, and total CK at 0, 2, 4, and 8 hours after presentation with cardiac monitoring for the observation period. Patients were followed up for adverse cardiac events or death within 30 days of discharge. Results: There were 111 admissions to the CDU for cocaine chest pain during the study period. One patient had a delta CK-MB of 1.6 ng/ml, but had negative Troponin-T at all time points. No patient had a positive Troponin-T or CK-MB at 0, 2, 4 or 8 hours, and there were no MIs or deaths within 30 days of discharge. Most patients were discharged home (103 and there were 8 inpatient admissions from the CDU. Of the admitted patients, 2 had additional stress tests that were negative, 1 had additional cardiac biomarkers that were negative, and all 8 patients were discharged home. The estimated risk of missing MI using our protocol is, with 99% confidence, less than 5.1% and with 95% confidence, less than 3.6% (99% CI, 0-5.1%; 95% CI, 0-3.6%. Conclusion: Application of an abbreviated cardiac enzyme protocol resulted in the safe and rapid discharge of patients presenting to the ED with cocaine-associated chest pain. [West J Emerg Med. 2014;15(2:180–183.

  15. Myeloproliferative Neoplasm (MPN) Symptom Assessment Form Total Symptom Score: Prospective International Assessment of an Abbreviated Symptom Burden Scoring System Among Patients With MPNs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emanuel, Robyn M.; Dueck, Amylou C.; Geyer, Holly L.; Kiladjian, Jean-Jacques; Slot, Stefanie; Zweegman, Sonja; te Boekhorst, Peter A.W.; Commandeur, Suzan; Schouten, Harry C.; Sackmann, Federico; Kerguelen Fuentes, Ana; Hernández-Maraver, Dolores; Pahl, Heike L.; Griesshammer, Martin; Stegelmann, Frank; Doehner, Konstanze; Lehmann, Thomas; Bonatz, Karin; Reiter, Andreas; Boyer, Francoise; Etienne, Gabriel; Ianotto, Jean-Christophe; Ranta, Dana; Roy, Lydia; Cahn, Jean-Yves; Harrison, Claire N.; Radia, Deepti; Muxi, Pablo; Maldonado, Norman; Besses, Carlos; Cervantes, Francisco; Johansson, Peter L.; Barbui, Tiziano; Barosi, Giovanni; Vannucchi, Alessandro M.; Passamonti, Francesco; Andreasson, Bjorn; Ferarri, Maria L.; Rambaldi, Alessandro; Samuelsson, Jan; Birgegard, Gunnar; Tefferi, Ayalew; Mesa, Ruben A.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) symptoms are troublesome to patients, and alleviation of this burden represents a paramount treatment objective in the development of MPN-directed therapies. We aimed to assess the utility of an abbreviated symptom score for the most pertinent and representative MPN symptoms for subsequent serial use in assessing response to therapy. Patients and Methods The Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Symptom Assessment Form total symptom score (MPN-SAF TSS) was calculated as the mean score for 10 items from two previously validated scoring systems. Questions focus on fatigue, concentration, early satiety, inactivity, night sweats, itching, bone pain, abdominal discomfort, weight loss, and fevers. Results MPN-SAF TSS was calculable for 1,408 of 1,433 patients with MPNs who had a mean score of 21.2 (standard deviation [SD], 16.3). MPN-SAF TSS results significantly differed among MPN disease subtypes (P < .001), with a mean of 18.7 (SD, 15.3), 21.8 (SD, 16.3), and 25.3 (SD, 17.2) for patients with essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia vera, and myelofibrosis, respectively. The MPN-SAF TSS strongly correlated with overall quality of life (QOL; r = 0.59; P < .001) and European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) functional scales (all P < .001 and absolute r ≥ 0.50 except social functioning r = 0.48). No significant trends were present when comparing therapy subgroups. The MPN-SAF TSS had excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's α = .83). Factor analysis identified a single underlying construct, indicating that the MPN-SAF TSS is an appropriate, unified scoring method. Conclusion The MPN-SAF TSS is a concise, valid, and accurate assessment of MPN symptom burden with demonstrated clinical utility in the largest prospective MPN symptom study to date. This new prospective scoring method may be used to assess MPN symptom burden in both clinical practice and trial settings. PMID

  16. 认知语义学视角下汉语网络缩略词语规范化研究%The Standardization of Chinese Net Abbreviations from the Perspective of Cognitive Semantic Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史小平; 张懂

    2016-01-01

    This paper makes a study of the standardization of Chinese net abbreviations by means of cognitive semantic theory, and it has the following findings:the standardization can be made from two dimensions;one is that it can not go beyond people’s conceptual knowledge structure of Chinese language, the other is that the conceptualization mechanisms of Chinese net abbreviations can not be over complicated.%采用认知语义学理论,对汉语网络缩略词语的规范化进行了研究,研究发现:可以从两个维度对汉语网络缩略词语进行规范化:一是不能超出人们现有关于汉语的概念知识结构;二是对汉语网络缩略词语识解中涉及的概念化机制不能过于复杂。

  17. Safety of oral glutamine in the abbreviation of preoperative fasting: a double-blind, controlled, randomized clinical trial Seguridad de la glutamina oral en la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio: un ensayo clínico doble ciego, controlado, aleatorizado

    OpenAIRE

    D. Borges Dock-Nascimento; J. E. D Aguilar-Nascimento; C. Caporossi; M. Sepulveda Magalhães Faria; R. Bragagnolo; F. S. Caporossi; D. Linetzky Waitzberg

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: No study so far has tested a beverage containing glutamine 2 h before anesthesia in patients undergoing surgery. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate: 1) the safety of the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with a carbohydrate-L-glutamine-rich drink; and 2) the residual gastric volume (RGV) measured after the induction of anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods: Randomized controlled trial with 56 women (42 (17-65) years-old) submitted to e...

  18. System and Network Security Acronyms and Abbreviations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    Committee on National Security Systems Instruction CoA care-of address codec coder/ decoder COI conflict of interest COM Component Object Model COOP...ECP Encryption Control Protocol ECPA Electronic Communications Privacy Act EDGE Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution EDI electronic data...Generic Routing Encapsulation GRS General Records Schedule GS1 Global Standards One GSA U.S. General Services Administration GSM Global System for

  19. 40 CFR 94.3 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Automotive Engineers. SEA—Selective Enforcement Auditing. SI—International system of units (i.e., metric... Technical Information Service. NO—nitric oxide. NO2—nitrogen dioxide. NOX—oxides of nitrogen. No.—number....

  20. Abbreviated Case Studies in Organizational Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanguri, Deloris McGee

    2005-01-01

    The cases contained within organizational communication texts are generally two to three pages, often followed by questions. These case studies are certainly useful. They generally describe events in the present, provide some type of organizational context, include first-hand data, include a record of what people say and think, develop a…

  1. 40 CFR 86.078-3 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... NOX—oxides of nitrogen. No.—Number. O2—oxygen. Pb—lead. pct.—percent. PDP-CVS—Positive displacement pump—constant volume sampler. ppm—parts per million by volume. ppm C—parts per million, carbon....

  2. COMOPTEVFOR Acronym and Abbreviation List (CAAL).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    ed Tor1 neck, :.. CAR Configuration Audit Review CAS Calibrated Airspeed Casualty Close Air Support Combined Antenna System Computer-assisted Search...Time to Repair MBMF Multibeam Multifrequency MCA Maintenance Capability Audit MCBF Mean Cycles Between Failures MCC Monitor Control Console MCDSP...Repairs and Alteration PERT Program Evaluation Review Technique PES Projected Engagement Scheduler PESD Program Element Summary Data PFE Post Fire

  3. 40 CFR 92.3 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... inch gauge °R—Rankin rpm—revolutions per minute s—second(s) SAE—Society of Automotive Engineers SI...—American Petroleum Institute ASTM—American Society for Testing and Materials BHP—Brake horsepower...

  4. 40 CFR 300.4 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS NATIONAL OIL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN...—CERCLA Information System CRC—Community Relations Coordinator CRP—Community Relations Plan DRAT—District...—Remedial Investigation ROD—Record of Decision RPM—Remedial Project Manager RRC—Regional Response Center...

  5. Resultados clínicos e metabólicos da abreviação do jejum com carboidratos na revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio Clinical and metabolic results of fasting abbreviation with carbohydrates in coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gibran Roder Feguri

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Existe pouca informação sobre abreviação do jejum pré-operatório com oferta de líquidos ricos em carboidratos (CHO nas operações cardiovasculares. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar variáveis clínicas, segurança do método e efeitos no metabolismo de pacientes submetidos à abreviação do jejum na cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CRVM. MÉTODOS: Quarenta pacientes submetidos à CRVM foram randomizados para receberem 400 ml (6 horas antes e 200 mL (2 horas antes de maltodextrina a 12,5% (Grupo I, n=20 ou apenas água (Grupo II, n=20 antes da indução anestésica. Foram avaliadas diversas variáveis clínicas no perioperatório e também a resistência insulínica (RI pelo índice de Homa-IR e pela necessidade de insulina exógena; além da função excretora da célula beta pancreática pelo Homa-Beta e controle glicêmico por exames de glicemia capilar. RESULTADOS: Não ocorreram óbitos, broncoaspiração, mediastinite, infarto agudo do miocárdio ou acidente vascular encefálico perioperatórios. Fibrilação atrial ocorreu em dois pacientes de cada grupo e complicações infecciosas não diferiram entre os grupos (P=0,611. Pacientes do Grupo I apresentaram dois dias a menos de internação hospitalar (P=0,025 e um dia a menos na UTI (P0,05. Declínio da produção endógena de insulina ocorreu em ambos os grupos (PINTRODUCTION: Limited information is available about preoperative fasting abbreviation with administration of liquid enriched with carbohydrates (CHO in cardiovascular surgeries. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical variables, security of the method and effects on the metabolism of patients undergoing fasting abbreviation in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing CABG were randomized to receive 400 ml (6 hours before and 200 ml (2 hours before of maltodextrin at 12.5% (Group I, n=20 or just water (Group II, n=20 before anesthetic induction. Perioperative clinical variables

  6. Analyzing the Feasibility of Teaching Critical Reading Strategies with the Abbreviated Version of English Literary Work%批判性阅读策略教学的可行性分析--以英文名著简写本为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董美珍

    2015-01-01

    批判性阅读作为英语教学中培养学生批判性思维的重要途径,得到了国内外学者的关注。本文以英文名著简写本为阅读材料,以高中生为教学对象,探讨适用于小说体裁的批判性阅读策略,以期帮助学生开展批判性阅读,改善批判性思维。%Critical Reading, the important approach of developing students’ critical thinking in English teaching, has gained wide atten-tion from the scholars at home and abroad. This article aims at selecting the appropriate Critical Reading strategies which can be applied in the fictions chosen from the abbreviated version of English literary work and are suitable for High school students in English lesson. The strategies can help the students read critically and improve the students’ critical thinking.

  7. Report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Volume III. Appendices and Table of abbreviations; Rapport sur le projet de loi (no. 1253) relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite. Tome III. Annexes et Table des sigles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Christian [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-02-11

    The third volume of the Report on behalf of the Production and Exchange Commission on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply contains Appendices. The appendix number 1 presents the directive 96/92 CE of the European Parliament and Council of 19 December 1996, concerning common rules referring to the electricity internal market. It contains the chapters titled: 1. Field of application and definitions; 2. General rules for sector organization; 3. Production; 4. Exploitation of the transport grid; 5. Exploitation of the distribution grid; 6. Accounting dissociation and transparency; 7. Organization of the grid access; 8. Final dispositions. The appendix number 2 gives the law no. 46 - 628 of 8 April, modified, on the nationalization of the electricity and gas. The third appendix reproduces Decree no. 55 - 662 of 20 May 1955 concerning relationships between the establishments aimed by the articles 2 and 23 of the law of 8 April 1946 and the autonomous producers of electric energy. The appendix number 4 contains the notification of State Council of 7 July 1994 regarding the diversification of EDF and GDF activities. The fifth appendix is a chronological list of the European negotiations concerning the opening of the electricity market (1987 -1997). Finally, a list of following abbreviations is given: ART, ATR, CNES, CRE, CTE, DNN, FACE, FPE, GRT, IEG, INB, PPI, RAG and SICAE.

  8. 40 CFR 1033.905 - Symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... this part: ABTaveraging, banking, and trading. AECDauxiliary emission control device. AESSautomatic... Engineers. SCRselective catalytic reduction. SEASelective Enforcement Audit. THCtotal hydrocarbon....

  9. 24 CFR 50.2 - Terms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...—Environmental Assessment EIS—Environmental Impact Statement FONSI—Finding of No Significant Impact HUD—Department of Housing and Urban Development NEPA—National Environmental Policy Act NOI/EIS—Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement...

  10. 24 CFR 58.2 - Terms, abbreviations and definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... environmental assessment (EA) or environmental impact statement (EIS) is not normally required, but due to... Environmental Quality; (3) EA—Environmental Assessment; (4) EIS—Environmental Impact Statement; (5) EPA—Environmental Protection Agency; (6) ERR—Environmental Review Record; (7) FONSI—Finding of No Significant......

  11. Appendix B: Some Common Abbreviations: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... QID Four times a day Your doctor may write this on your prescription. RA Rheumatoid arthritis A type of joint disease RBC Red blood cell A type of blood cell RSV Respiratory syncytial virus A virus that causes infections in children Rx ...

  12. 7 CFR 1980.302 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... with maximizing the Government's interest. Lender agreement. The signed master agreement between RHS... Revenue Service. MCCs— Mortgage Credit Certificates. PITI— Principal, Interest, Taxes, and Insurance. RHS...

  13. 7 CFR 4274.302 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... directly provided by the Agency IRP loan. Agency IRP loan funds are Federal funds. Agricultural production... (including setting policy) of an intermediary. Processing office or officer. The processing office for an IRP...'s IRP revolving fund. Underrepresented group. U.S. citizens with identifiable common...

  14. An abbreviated history of the National Wlk Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report is a timeline of history and the management of the National Elk Refuge from 1909 to 1984. It includes a short summary and charts relating to elk...

  15. 32 CFR 507.3 - Explanation of abbreviations and terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS MANUFACTURE AND SALE OF DECORATIONS, MEDALS, BADGES, INSIGNIA, COMMERCIAL USE OF HERALDIC DESIGNS AND HERALDIC QUALITY CONTROL PROGRAM Introduction § 507.3 Explanation...

  16. Abbreviated psychologic questionnaires are valid in patients with hand conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bot, Arjan G J; Becker, Stéphanie J E; van Dijk, C Niek; Ring, David; Vranceanu, Ana-Maria

    2013-12-01

    The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) and Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI) can help hand surgeons identify opportunities for psychologic support, but they are time consuming. If easier-to-use tools were available and valid, they might be widely adopted. We tested the validity of shorter versions of the PCS and SHAI, the PCS-4 and the SHAI-5, by assessing: (1) the difference in mean scaled scores of the short and long questionnaires; (2) floor and ceiling effects between the short and long questionnaires; (3) correlation between the short questionnaires and the outcome measures (an indication of construct validity); and (4) variability in disability and pain, between the short and long questionnaires. One hundred sixty-four new or followup adult patients in one hand surgery clinic completed the SHAI-18, SHAI-5, PCS-13, PCS-4, Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9, PHQ-2, DASH, and QuickDASH questionnaires, and an ordinal pain scale, as part of a prospective cross-sectional study. Mean scores for the short and long questionnaires were compared with paired t-tests. Floor and ceiling effects were calculated. Pearson's correlation was used to assess the correlation between the short and long questionnaires and with outcome measures. Regression analyses were performed to find predictors of pain and disability. There were small, but significant differences between the mean scores for the DASH and QuickDASH (QuickDASH higher), SHAI-18 and SHAI-5 (SHAI-18 higher), and PCS-13 and PCS-4 (PCS-4 higher), but not the PHQ-9 and PHQ-2. Floor effects ranged between 0% and 65% and ceiling effects between 0% and 3%. There were greater floor effects for the PHQ-2 than for the PHQ-9, but floor and ceiling effects were otherwise comparable for the other short and long questionnaires. All questionnaires showed convergent and divergent validity and criterion validity was shown in multivariable analyses. Content validity, construct convergent validity, and criterion validity were established for the short versions of the PCS and SHAI. Using shorter forms creates small differences in mean values that we believe are unlikely to affect study results and are more efficient and advantageous because of the decreased responder burden.

  17. 49 CFR 171.8 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... requirements: (1) Has an engineering degree and one year of work experience in cargo tank structural or... railroad signalman; or (iv) A railroad maintenance-of-way employee. (2) This term includes an individual... Atomic Energy Agency. IATA means International Air Transport Association. ICAO means International Civil...

  18. 40 CFR 86.1804-01 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... truck. Includes only those trucks over 6000 pounds GVWR (LDT3s and LDT4s). HLDT/MDPV—Heavy light-duty.... LEV—Low Emission Vehicle. LPG—Liquefied Petroleum Gas. m—Meter(s). max.—Maximum. MDPV—Medium-duty...

  19. 40 CFR 92.102 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM LOCOMOTIVES AND LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES Test Procedures § 92.102..., the readability for a digital display with two decimal places would be 0.01. Span gas means a gas...

  20. 14 CFR 1.2 - Abbreviations and symbols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... means flight simulation training device. FTD means flight training device. GS means glide slope. HIRL.... V Hmeans maximum speed in level flight with maximum continuous power. V LEmeans maximum landing gear extended speed. V LOmeans maximum landing gear operating speed. V LOFmeans lift-off speed. V...

  1. 38 CFR 21.8010 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions and... (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans-Spina Bifida and Covered Birth Defects General § 21.8010 Definitions...

  2. 32 CFR 245.6 - Abbreviations and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... NORAD Region AOR—Area of Responsibility ARTCC—Air Route Traffic Control Center ATC—Air Traffic Control... of Staff CONR—CONUS NORAD Region CONUS—Continental United States CRAF—Civil Reserve Air Fleet DEN... MEDEVAC—Medical air evacuation flight NAS—National Airspace System NEADS—Northeast Air Defense Sector...

  3. Numerical Simulation of Charge Coupled Device Operation, Abbreviated Form

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-10-31

    M. fhser, and T. C. ftGi-I, ISSCC Digest of Techmical Papers 17, 146 (1974). Movies 1. Simulation of Charge Transfer in Surface Channel Charge ruwplrd Devices. 2. Simulation Charge Transfer in BLried Channel Charge Coupled Devices.

  4. 7 CFR 1755.900 - Abbreviations and Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... cabling and installation of the fiber optic cable, such as bending and twisting. (7) Cable cutoff... available on the Internet at http://www.usda.gov/rus/telecom/materials/lstomat.htm. (16) Loose tube buffer means the protective tube that loosely contains the optical fibers within the fiber optic cable, often...

  5. 7 CFR 771.2 - Abbreviations and definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... organization means a quasi-state run public operation exclusively established and managed by state and/or non... for payment on a loan, will not be considered as an extra payment. Non-profit corporation means a private domestic corporation created and organized under the laws of the State(s) in which the entity...

  6. 7 CFR 761.2 - Abbreviations and definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... selected environment of which the applicant has exclusive rights to use. Assignment of guaranteed portion... on equipment, land, and buildings; feed for animals; seed, fertilizer, pesticides, herbicides, spray..., public liability, property damage, flood or mudslide, workers compensation, or any similar insurance that...

  7. Fetal response to abbreviated relaxation techniques. A randomized controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Nadine S; Urech, Corinne; Isabel, Fornaro; Meyer, Andrea; Hoesli, Irène; Bitzer, Johannes; Alder, Judith

    2011-02-01

    stress during pregnancy can have adverse effects on the course of pregnancy and on fetal development. There are few studies investigating the outcome of stress reduction interventions on maternal well-being and obstetric outcome. this study aims (1) to obtain fetal behavioral states (quiet/active sleep, quiet/active wakefulness), (2) to investigate the effects of maternal relaxation on fetal behavior as well as on uterine activity, and (3) to investigate maternal physiological and endocrine parameters as potential underlying mechanisms for maternal-fetal relaxation-transferral. the behavior of 33 fetuses was analyzed during laboratory relaxation/quiet rest (control group, CG) and controlled for baseline fetal behavior. Potential associations between relaxation/quiet rest and fetal behavior (fetal heart rate (FHR), FHR variation, FHR acceleration, and body movements) and uterine activity were studied, using a computerized cardiotocogram (CTG) system. Maternal heart rate, blood pressure, cortisol, and norepinephrine were measured. intervention (progressive muscle relaxation, PMR, and guided imagery, GI) showed changes in fetal behavior. The intervention groups had higher long-term variation during and after relaxation compared to the CG (p=.039). CG fetuses had more FHR acceleration, especially during and after quiet rest (p=.027). Women in the PMR group had significantly more uterine activity than women in the GI group (p=.011) and than CG women. Maternal heart rate, blood pressure, and stress hormones were not associated with fetal behavior. this study indicates that the fetus might participate in maternal relaxation and suggests that GI is superior to PMR. This could especially be true for women who tend to direct their attention to body sensations such as abdominal activity. 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. 40 CFR 63.3 - Units and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... defined as follows: (a) System International (SI) units of measure: A = ampere g = gram Hz = hertz J... conditions scfh = cubic feet at standard conditions per hour scm = cubic meter at standard conditions...

  9. 7 CFR 4279.2 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... assignment of a guaranteed portion of a loan, using the single note system. Biogas. Biomass converted to gaseous fuel. Biomass. Any organic material that is available on a renewable or recurring basis including agricultural crops, trees grown for energy production, wood waste and wood residues, plants, including...

  10. Aplicação da versão em português do instrumento abreviado de avaliação da qualidade de vida "WHOQOL-bref" Application of the Portuguese version of the abbreviated instrument of quality life WHOQOL-bref

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo PA Fleck

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A necessidade de instrumentos de rápida aplicação determinou que o Grupo de Qualidade de Vida da Organização Mundial de Saúde desenvolvesse a versão abreviada do WHOQOL-100, o WHOQOL-bref. Este instrumento consta de 26 questões divididas em quatro domínios: físico, psicológico, relações sociais e meio ambiente. O objetivo deste estudo é a apresentação do teste de campo brasileiro do WHOQOL-bref. MÉTODOS: O WHOQOL-bref, o BDI e o BHS foram aplicados numa amostra de 300 indivíduos na cidade de Porto Alegre. RESULTADOS/CONCLUSÕES: O Instrumento mostrou características satisfatórias de consistência interna, validade discriminante, validade de critério, validade concorrente e fidedignidade teste-reteste. O WHOQOL-bref alia um bom desempenho psicométrico com praticidade de uso o que lhe coloca como uma alternativa útil para ser usado em estudos que se propõe a avaliar qualidade de vida no Brasil.INTRODUCTION: The need of short instruments to evaluate Quality of life determines World Health Organization Quality of Life Group (WHOQOL Group to develop an abbreviated version of the WHOQOL-100, the WHOQOL-bref. The objective is to present the Brazilian field trial of the WHOQOL-bref. METHODS: WHOQOL-bref is composed by 26 questions divided in four domains: physical, psychological, social relationships and environment. The evaliation instrument, BDI (beck depression inventory and BHS (beck hopelessness scale were used in a 300 subjects sample in Porto Alegre, South Brazil. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: The instrument showed a good performance concerning internal consistency, discriminant validity, criterion validity, concurrent validity and test-retest reliability. The intrument allies good psychometric performance and practicity for use which puts it as an interesting option to evaluate quality of life in Brazil.

  11. Propriedades psicométricas do Instrumento Abreviado de Avaliação de Qualidade de Vida da Organização Mundial da Saúde no Estudo Pró-Saúde Psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Abbreviated Instrument for Quality of Life Assessment in the Pró-Saúde Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arlinda B. Moreno

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, relatam-se propriedades psicométricas do Instrumento Abreviado de Avaliação de Qualidade de Vida da Organização Mundial da Saúde (WHOQOL-Bref, composto por 24 questões distribuídas em quatro domínios (físico, psicológico, relações sociais e meio ambiente e duas questões globais sobre qualidade de vida e saúde global, quando aplicado no Estudo Pró-Saúde (estudo de coorte de trabalhadores de uma universidade no Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, em seu estudo piloto e entre os 3.574 participantes da fase 2 (2001 do estudo. Foi estimada a confiabilidade teste-reteste dos escores, com coeficiente de correlação intraclasse variando entre 0,76 e 0,91 nos diversos domínios. Níveis de consistência interna, avaliados pelo coeficiente alfa de Cronbach, variaram entre 0,69 e 0,79. Na análise de fatores, pelo método de fatores principais iterados e rotação varimax, não foi replicada exatamente a estrutura do instrumento original, verificada em seus testes de campo; uma das possíveis razões para as discrepâncias observadas refere-se à natureza da população de estudo, em idade laboral ativa e relativamente saudável.This paper reports on the psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Abbreviated Instrument for Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL-Bref, comprising 26 items which measure the following broad domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. The instrument was used in the Pró-Saúde Study, a cohort study of public employees at university campuses in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, during the pilot phase, and by 3,574 subjects in study phase 2 (2001. The estimated test-retest reliability of the responses, measured by intraclass correlation coefficients, ranged from 0.76 to 0.91 across domains. The internal consistency of the items, measured by Cronbach's alpha coefficients, was estimated between 0.69 and 0.79. The factor structure, using iterated principal

  12. Safety of oral glutamine in the abbreviation of preoperative fasting: a double-blind, controlled, randomized clinical trial Seguridad de la glutamina oral en la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio: un ensayo clínico doble ciego, controlado, aleatorizado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Borges Dock-Nascimento

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: No study so far has tested a beverage containing glutamine 2 h before anesthesia in patients undergoing surgery. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate: 1 the safety of the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with a carbohydrate-L-glutamine-rich drink; and 2 the residual gastric volume (RGV measured after the induction of anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods: Randomized controlled trial with 56 women (42 (17-65 years-old submitted to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were randomized to receive either conventional preoperative fasting of 8 hours (fasted group, n = 12 or one of three different beverages drunk in the evening before surgery (400 mL and 2 hours before the initiation of anesthesia (200 mL. The beverages were water (placebo group, n = 12, 12.5% (240 mOsm/L maltodextrine (carbohydrate group, n = 12 or the latter in addition to 50 g (40 g in the evening drink and 10g in the morning drink of L-glutamine (glutamine group, n = 14. A 20 F nasogastric tube was inserted immediately after the induction of general anesthesia to aspirate and measure the RGV. Results: Fifty patients completed the study. None of the patients had either regurgitation during the induction of anesthesia or postoperative complications. The median (range of RGV was 6 (0-80 mL. The RGV was similar (p = 0.29 between glutamine group (4.5 [0-15] mL, carbohydrate group (7.0 [0-80] mL, placebo group (8.5 [0-50] mL, and fasted group (5.0 [0-50] mL. Conclusion: The abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with carbohydrate and L-glutamine is safe and does not increase the RGV during induction of anesthesia.Introducción: Ningún estudio hasta el momento ha investigado una bebida que contiene glutamina 2 h antes de la anestesia en pacientes sometidos a cirugía. Objetivos: El objetivo del estudio fue investigar: 1 la seguridad de la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio para 2 h con una bebida conteniendo

  13. 槐白皮含漱液缩短兔口腔创伤抗菌药物预防性应用时间实验研究%Experimental Study of Effect of Sophora Japonical Gargle on Rabbit oral Trauma Through Abbreviating the Prophylactic Application Time of Antibacterial Drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜刚勇; 柳玉勇

    2014-01-01

    To study the effect of sophora japonical gargle on rabbit oral trauma through ab-breviating the prophylactic application time of antibacterial drugs and its mechanism .Method:40 New Zeal-and rabbits were randomly divided into experimental group and control group .We made rabbit oral trauma model by using staphylococcus aureus .The control group was treated with physiological saline orally , and the experimental group was treated with sophora japonical gargle orally to observe the wound healing , 7 days class-A healing rate and evaluate of sophora japonical drug efficacy .Staphylococcus aureus were divided into experimental group and control group .The experimental group used 3 concentrations of sophora japonical gar-gle, and saline was used to control group .We used the spread plate method to help sophora japonical gargle act on staphylococcus aureus for 3 min, and observed the antibacterial effect of sophora japonical gargle .Re-sult:There were 29 cases of 7 days healed rabbits and 1 infected case in the experimental group , and there were 6 cases of 7 days healed rabbits and 4 infected cases in the control group .7 days Class-A healing rate of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group , and the difference was sta-tistically significant ( P<0.05 ); Colony counts of sophora japonical gargle group after treatment were lower than those in the saline group , which was not dose-dependent .Conclusion: Sophora japonical gargle has good antibacterial effect , can abbreviate the prophylactic application time of antibacterial drugs .%研究槐白皮含漱液缩短兔口腔创伤抗菌药物预防性应用时间及其机制。方法:40只新西兰兔随机分为实验组、对照组,实验组30只,对照组10只。使用金黄色葡萄球菌污染的手术刀在兔颊粘膜做2cm切口,达肌层,对位缝合。对照组术后使用生理盐水冲洗口腔,实验组使用槐白皮含漱液冲洗。观察切口愈合情况、7d

  14. Análise da eficácia do metilfenidato usando a versão abreviada do questionário de conners em transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade Analysis of the methylphenidate's efficacy using the abbreviated version Conners' questionnaire in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ênio Roberto de Andrade

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available O transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH é quadro diagnóstico bastante complexo, de início precoce, com evolução crônica que repercute em diversos contextos. Três a 5% das crianças em idade escolar apresentam esse transtorno. O questionário de Conners vem sendo utilizado como instrumento de levantamento epidemiológico para o TDAH. OBJETIVO: Este estudo visa a utilização deste instrumento para a análise da eficácia do tratamento com metilfenidato em crianças com TDAH. MÉTODO: Foram selecionadas 21 crianças do gênero masculino, com TDAH do tipo combinado, idade cronológica entre sete anos completos a 10 anos e 11 meses e todos foram tratados com metilfenidato. A versão abreviada do questionário de Conners para pais e professores foi aplicada em dois momentos: um antes da medicação e outro entre seis a oito meses após o seu início. RESULTADOS: Obteve-se redução na pontuação no questionário de Conners em todas as crianças com TDAH concomitante à melhora clínica. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que o questionário de Conners mostrou-se útil não só como auxílio diagnóstico, mas também como um instrumento de avaliação da eficácia do tratamento do TDAH.The attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD is a complex diagnosis. Its installation is precocious, with chronic evolution that impacts on the subject's performance in several contexts. Three to 5% of the school aged children present this disorder. The Conners' questionnaire has been used as an instrument of epidemiological survey for ADHD children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate if this instrument could be an useful tool for the analysis of the methylphenidate's treatment efficacy in ADHD's children. METHOD: Twenty-one male children were selected, with ADHD combined type, chronological ages ranging from seven to 10 years and 11 months and all were treated with methylphenidate. The Conners' questionnaire abbreviated version for parents

  15. The application of the abbreviated metacognitive assessment scale in patients with schizophrenia and neurosis in China%修订版元认知量表在精神分裂症和神经症患者中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高艳平; 吴伟明; 董毅; 耿峰; 谢思思; 汪凯; 岳君思; 穆菁菁; 方文梅

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨修订版元认知量表在精神分裂症和神经症患者中的应用.方法 通过印第安精神疾病访谈,采用修订版元认知量表(MAS-A)对115例精神分裂症患者和89例神经症患者进行评估,比较两组间MAS-A评分差异,评估区分效度;同时采用心理理论图片任务(ToM-PST)测量被试心理理论水平,以ToM-PST总分作为效标,计算效标关联效度;首测1个月后抽取34例精神分裂症和31例神经症患者进行重测,评估重测信度.结果 (1)信度分析:总样本、分裂症组和神经症组MAS-A的Combachα系数分别为0.829、0.826、0.823.总样本MAS-A总分及其自我反省、理解他人、去中心化和控制因子分的重测信度分别为0.722、0.541、0.650、0.615、0.525,具有统计学意义(均P<0.01).(2)效度分析:总样本、分裂症组和神经症组MAS-A总分与ToM-PST总分间的相关系数分别为0.470、0.383、0.292,均差异具有统计学意义(均P<0.01);与神经症患者相比,精神分裂症患者MAS-A总分及各因子分明显较低,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.01).结论 修订版元认知量表的信度和效度尚可,可用于精神疾病人群的元认知能力评估.%Objective To explore the application of the abbreviated metacognitive assessment scale (MAS-A) in patients with schizophrenia and neurosis.Methods With the aid of the Indiana Psychiatric Ill-ness Interview (IPII),115 schizophrenic patients and 89 neurotic patients were assessed using the MAS-A,and compared the group difference of MAS-A scores.All patients were also tested with the theory of mind picture sequencing task (ToM-PST).The criterion-related validity was evaluated using of correlated MAS-A total-score with ToM-PST total-score.31 neurotic patients and 34 schizophrenic patients were measured after one month to compute the test-retest reliability.Results The reliability analysis showed that the Cronbach α-coefficients for MAS-A of total sample,schizophrenic group and

  16. A abreviação do jejum pré-operatório para duas horas com carboidratos aumenta o risco anestésico? ¿La Reducción del ayuno preoperatorio en dos horas con carbohidratos aumenta el riesgo anestésico? Does abbreviation of preoperative fasting to two hours with carbohydrates increase the anesthetic risk?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kátia Gomes Bezerra de Oliveira

    2009-10-01

    procedimiento quirúrgico. La recolección de datos fue prospectiva sin que los profesionales del servicio lo supieran. Se observó el tiempo de ayuno preoperatorio y las complicaciones anestésicas relacionadas con el corto tiempo de ayuno (broncoaspiración. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron 375 pacientes, siendo de ellos 174 hombres (un 46,4% y 201 mujeres (un 53,6%, entre 18 y 90 años de edad. El tiempo promedio de ayuno preoperatorio fue de cuatro horas, variando de 2 a 20 horas. No se registró ningún caso de broncoaspiración durante los procedimientos. El tiempo de ayuno fue mayor (p BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of possible anesthetic complications related with the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to two hours with a solution of 12.5% dextrinomaltose within the ACERTO (from the Portuguese for Acceleration of Total Postoperative Recovery project. METHODS: All patients undergoing different types of digestive tract and abdominal wall surgeries within a new protocol of perioperative conducts, established by the ACERTO project, between August 2005 and December 2007 were evaluated. All patients received oral nutritional supplementation (12.5% dextrinomaltose six and two hours before the procedure. Data were collected prospectively without the knowledge of the professionals in the department. The length of preoperative fasting and anesthetic complications related with the short fasting time (pulmonary aspiration were recorded. RESULTS: Three hundred and seventy five patients, 174 male (46.4% and 201 female (53.6%, ages 18 to 90 years, were evaluated. The mean preoperative fasting time was four hours, ranging from two to 20 hours. Pulmonary aspiration was not observed during the procedures. The length of fasting was longer (p < 0.01 when combined anesthesia (blockade + general was used. CONCLUSIONS: Adopting the multidisciplinary preoperative measures of the ACERTO project was not associated with any preoperative

  17. JPRS Report, Reference Aid: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-01

    de Investigaciön y Tecnicas Politicas 2. Ciudad Condal CiU Convergencia i Uniö CJ Comisiön de Jornaleros CJR Circulos de Jovenes...Emigraciön INSS Instituto Nacional de la Seguridad Social INTA Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial INTUSA Industrias Turisticas, S. A. INUR...People’s Democratic Party PEC 1. Partido "Estat Catala" 2. Piano Esträtegico Conjunto l."Catalan State" Party 2. Joint Strategic Plan PEIN Plan

  18. Development of an abbreviated version of the delirium motor subtyping scale (DMSS-4)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meagher, D; Adamis, D; Leonard, M; Trzepacz, P; Grover, S; Jabbar, F; Meehan, K; O'Connor, M; Cronin, C; Reynolds, P; Fitzgerald, J; O'Regan, N; Timmons, S; Slor, C; de Jonghe, J; de Jonghe, A; van Munster, B C; de Rooij, S E; Maclullich, A

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome with considerable heterogeneity in clinical profile. Identification of clinical subtypes can allow for more targeted clinical and research efforts. We sought to develop a brief method for clinical subtyping in clinical and research settings.

  19. JPRS Report. East Europe: Reference Aid, Abbreviations and Acronyms Used in the Bulgarian Press

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    lawsuit; affairs A Ul, A2, A3, H T. H AeH Ha onepauHATa (BT H T-bH HaTaTtK ) .) OPH, TpeTH D (Dl, D2 , D3 i t. n.) Day of operation (first...Economics Institute BHT . BHTaMHH vit. vitamin BHTM BHCUJ HHCTHTXT 3a TeaTpajiHO H3K/CTBO VITI Higher Institute of Theater Arts BMTM3 BHCUI

  20. Applicability of an abbreviated version of the Child-OIDP inventory among primary schoolchildren in Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mtaya Matilda

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is a need for studies evaluating oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL of children in developing countries. Aim to assess the psychometric properties, prevalence and perceived causes of the child version of oral impact on daily performance inventory (Child-OIDP among school children in two socio-demographically different districts of Tanzania. Socio-behavioral and clinical correlates of children's OHRQoL were also investigated. Method One thousand six hundred and one children (mean age 13 yr, 60.5% girls attending 16 (urban and rural primary schools in Kinondoni and Temeke districts completed a survey instrument in face to face interviews and participated in a full mouth clinical examination. The survey instrument was designed to measure a Kiswahili translated and culturally adapted Child-OIDP frequency score, global oral health indicators and socio-demographic factors. Results The Kiswahili version of the Child-OIDP inventory preserved the overall concept of the original English version and revealed good reliability in terms of Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.77 (Kinondoni: 0.62, Temeke: 0.76. Weighted Kappa scores from a test-retest were 1.0 and 0.8 in Kinondoni and Temeke, respectively. Validity was supported in that the OIDP scores varied systematically and in the expected direction with self-reported oral health measures and socio-behavioral indicators. Confirmatory factor analyses, CFA, confirmed three dimensions identified initially by Principle Component Analysis within the OIDP item pool. A total of 28.6% of the participants had at least one oral impact. The area specific rates for Kinondoni and Temeke were 18.5% and 45.5%. The most frequently reported impacts were problems eating and cleaning teeth, and the most frequently reported cause of impacts were toothache, ulcer in mouth and position of teeth. Conclusion This study showed that the Kiswahili version of the Child-OIDP was applicable for use among schoolchildren in Tanzania.

  1. JPRS Report, West Europe, Reference Aid, Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of Denmark

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    e.b. efter bemyndigelse EB E j endomsmaegler-Brevskolen or other(s), etc. the business language final examination Southern Jutland West Power...Association of Biochemistry Students F.a.d.L. Foreningen af danske Laege-studerende fakt. faktura fam. familie fam. familiaer (t) FAR

  2. JPRS Report, West Europe, Reference Aid, Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-27

    Advanced Defense Studies Centro Analisi e Selezioni delle Informazioni Intelligence Analysis and Selection Center C.A.S.M. Centro Alti Studi...Cassation c.c. corto circuito short circuit 61 cc Corvetta C/c, c/c, c.c. credito netto, credito di cassa Centro Cinematografico Cattolico...d’inizio chil. chilometro chilogrm. chilogrammo / chim. chimico / chl. chiligrammo C.I. Caritä Internazionale CI circuito integrato C.I

  3. Glossary of AWS Acrinabs. Acronyms, Initialisms, and Abbreviations Commonly Used in Air Weather Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    coded cities forecast (NWS) CAM .......... computer-aided manufacturing CCF .......... Combined Computer Facility (MAC) CAM, MS ...MOP .......... memo.ndum of policy (JCS) MSL ........... malntenance supply IaIson,MOP .......... mobility operatbng procedure MSIP ...meters per second MUF ........... maximum useable frequency ms .............. millisecond MUFAX ...... Muirhead facsimile me ............ multiple sourties

  4. 75 FR 44977 - General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact Statement, Roosevelt-Vanderbilt...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ...: Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site (NHS); Eleanor Roosevelt NHS; and Vanderbilt Mansion NHS. The three national historic sites are combined into a single administrative unit, but...

  5. JPRS Report Latin America Reference Aid Abbreviations and Acronyms in the Latin American Press.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-26

    Ecuadoran Cement Enterprise (Ec) CEMIDA Centro de Mi I i tares para la Democracia Argentina Military Center for Argentine D emoc racy (Ar) CEMI G...Renovaciön Democratico Democratic Renewal Party (CR) PRD Partido Revolucionario D emoc rSt i co Democratic Revolutionary Party (Pan) PRD Partido

  6. Abbreviation modalities of nitrogen multiple-breath washout tests in school children with obstructed lung disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Green, Kent; Ejlertsen, Jacob S; Madsen, Astrid;

    2016-01-01

    , the lung clearance index, calculated as lung volume turnovers required to reach 2.5% of the starting N2 concentration (LCI2.5 ). METHODS: Cross-sectional study of triplicate N2 MBW measurements obtained in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients (N = 60), primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) patients (N = 28...

  7. Abbreviated half-lives and impaired fuel utilization in carnitine palmitoyltransferase II variant fibroblasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Min; Cai, Min; Yao, Dengfu; Xu, Xi; Yang, Rongrong; Li, Yuting; Zhang, Yuanyuan; Kido, Hiroshi; Yao, Dengbing

    2015-01-01

    Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency is one of the most common causes of fatty acid oxidation metabolism disorders. However, the molecular mechanism between CPT2 gene polymorphisms and metabolic stress has not been fully clarified. We previously reported that a number of patients show a thermal instable phenotype of compound hetero/homozygous variants of CPT II. To understand the mechanism of the metabolic disorder resulting from CPT II deficiency, the present study investigated CPT II variants in patient fibroblasts, [c.1102 G>A (p.V368I)] (heterozygous), [c.1102 G>A (p.V368I)] (homozygous), and [c.1055 T>G (p.F352C)] (heterozygous) + [c.1102 G>A (p.V368I)] (homozygous) compared with fibroblasts from healthy controls. CPT II variants exerted an effect of dominant negative on the homotetrameric proteins that showed thermal instability, reduced residual enzyme activities and a short half-life. Moreover, CPT II variant fibroblasts showed a significant decrease in fatty acid β-oxidation and adenosine triphosphate generation, combined with a reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, resulting in cellular apoptosis. Collectively, our data indicate that the CPT II deficiency induces an energy crisis of the fatty acid metabolic pathway. These findings may contribute to the elucidation of the genetic factors involved in metabolic disorder encephalopathy caused by the CPT II deficiency.

  8. JPRS Report, West Europe, Reference Aid, Acronyms and Abbreviations of Portugal

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-09-02

    Medicina Veterinäria ESP Escola Superior de Policia ESQ Esquadra Esq Esquadrilha ESTIU Estudos, Investimentos & Urbanizacao ETAR ^ Estacao de...Inspeccao Geral da Administracao Interna General Inspectorate of Internal Administration IGC Instituto Geogräfico e Cadastral Geographic and...Presos Portuguese Legion League for the Protection of Nature League of Jailed Patriots 55 LSI Lei de Seguranga Interna Internal Security Law

  9. 40 CFR 1065.1005 - Symbols, abbreviations, acronyms, and units of measure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the following prefixes to define a quantity: Symbol Quantity Value µ micro 10− 6 m milli 10− 3 c centi... measured quantity. out quantity out. part partial quantity. PDP positive-displacement pump. ref reference.... NISTNational Institute for Standards and Technology. PDPpositive-displacement pump. PEMSportable...

  10. JPRS Report, West Europe, Reference Aid, Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of Norway

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-04

    Ceramic Merchants Association NG&TF Norges Gymnastikk- og Turnforbund Norwegian Gymnastic and Tumbling Association NGU Norges Geologiske Unders...Election Alliance SV Sosialistisk Vensteparti Socialist Left Party sv. svensk Swedish SVI Skyte- og Vinterskolen for Infanteriet Infantry

  11. 77 FR 35691 - Notice of Withdrawal of Certain Unapproved Abbreviated New Drug Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    ... Phentermine hydrochloride. 86515 Phentermine hydrochloride. 86529 Dicyclomine hydrochloride; phenobarbital. 86555 Phendimetrazine tartrate. 86563 Dicyclomine hydrochloride; phenobarbital. 86564 Phenobarbital; atropine sulfate; hyoscyamine sulfate; hyscyamine hydrobromide. 86565 Phenobarbital; hyoscyamine sulfate...

  12. 14 CFR Appendix F to Part 60 - Definitions and Abbreviations for Flight Simulation Training Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... time required for an input signal from a pilot primary flight control until motion system, visual system, or instrument response. It is the overall time delay incurred from signal input to output... (degrees). OGEOut of ground effect. PAPIPrecision Approach Path Indicator System. PfImpact or Feel Pressure...

  13. Improving Land Armaments: Lessons from the Balkans. The U.S. Army Effort (Abbreviated)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-09-01

    5.3 Joint aspects (SHAPE) 5.4 Training and simulation (CA) 5.5 Ergonomy (NL) () - Lead synthesis nation (chapter lead) () - Country to assist lead...transformers, often at personal expense, so that the provided 220 voltage could be used. This was only a temporary solution because it was difficult to

  14. 中韩缩略语比较%The Comparison of Chinese and Korean Abbreviation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑阳寿

    2001-01-01

    本文统计并探讨了中韩缩略语比较问题.本文通过中韩缩略语比较,一方面了解两国缩略语的特色,另一方面提供一条人们了解和掌握中韩两国文化、信息和知识的途径.

  15. 21 CFR 314.105 - Approval of an application and an abbreviated application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... labeling prior to marketing. (c) FDA will approve an application after it determines that the drug meets... not be introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce until approval of...

  16. Applicability of the abbreviated neuropsychologic battery (NEUROPSI) in Alzheimer disease patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrisqueta-Gomez, Jacqueline; Ostrosky-Solis, Feggy; Bertolucci, Paulo H F; Bueno, Orlando F A

    2008-01-01

    NEUROPSI is a brief neuropsychologic battery developed to briefly assess a wide spectrum of cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to examine the applicability of a Portuguese version of this battery and verify the efficacy in detecting cognitive impairment in Alzheimer disease (AD) patients. NEUROPSI was applied to 75 elderly people, 25 patients with probable AD in mild stage (AD1), 25 patients in moderate stage (AD2), and 25 healthy elderly persons (control group), matched with the AD patients for age and schooling. Before testing all participants were applied the Mini-Mental State Examination. Results showed significant differences in total scores of the tests; NEUROPSI (PNEUROPSI is an efficient instrument for detecting AD patients in the initial stage of the disease.

  17. JPRS Report, East Europe, Reference Aid, Abbreviations in the Yugoslav Press.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-11-29

    Sad) family Machine-Tool Factory 38 Famipa Fabrika metalnih i plasticnih proizvoda ( Prizren ) FAMIZ Fabrika alatnih ma§ina i zupöanika (Ada...priv. privatan Privsek privatni sektor private [use pvt.] private sector prizr. prizrenski of Prizren PRK Preduzece robnih kuca pr,Kr.,pr.Kr.r

  18. 78 FR 25279 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Abbreviated New...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-30

    ... the Center for Veterinary Medicine, FDA. DATES: Submit either electronic or written comments on the... records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A... of information to support the approval of a generic new animal drug. Records and reports that...

  19. All Source Analysis System (ASAS). Block 1. Abbreviated HARDMAN analysis. Appendices to Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-01

    8217 APPENDICES A. TSE WCG Maintenance Data B. TSE DPS Maintenance Data C. CCS Maintenance Data D. TCAE Workstation Maintenance Data E. TCAC Maintenance Data...Division TCAE G(3) SUP - 3 Light Division TSE G(4) SUP - 4 Light Division TCAE H. Unit Maintenance Data Summary I. Heavy Division Maintenance Data J...V u Appendix D TCAE W/S Maintenance Data c a a -0 C 0 coca46 Ci a a a a c a a 0 a a 0 coca01009P 0 IRMO. : C!000110 1 N 010 4#41111114 1 Im *lq##4CC

  20. Flaws in Orr’s Laws (and the Paradigm that Produced Them): An Abbreviated Response

    OpenAIRE

    McCoy, Nicole Haynes; Atwood, Sheldon

    2005-01-01

    Conservation of biological diversity is often hampered by ignorance and short-sightedness. Yet knowledge is not enough; biology illuminates ecological relationships, but it alone cannot conserve ecosystems. Therefore, we agree that there is no higher priority for conservation biologists than to improve their understanding of economics (Orr 2004, Law 1). Unfortunately, from many of his comments and the tenor of subsequent responses (Hayes 2004; Vitek 2004; Lovejoy 2004), it is evident that eco...

  1. An abbreviated repeat dose and reproductive/developmental toxicity test for high production volume chemicals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scala, R.A.; Bevan, C.; Beyer, B.K. (Exxon Biomedical Sciences, Inc., East Millstone, NJ (United States))

    1992-08-01

    A novel protocol is described for obtaining preliminary data on repeated dose systemic effects and reproductive/developmental toxicity. The test protocol was developed by a group of experts at the request of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for use as part of a Screening Information Data Set on high production volume chemicals. Interest in this protocol is shared by several regulatory agencies, including the Organization for Economic Cooperation, the European Community, and the EPA. To validate the study protocol, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) was used. After a dosing period of approximately 6 weeks, EGME showed both systemic and reproductive/developmental effects similar to those previously reported using standard protocols. Thus, this test protocol may be used as a screening tool for high production volume chemicals.

  2. 40 CFR 1060.805 - What symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations does this part use?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of Automotive Engineers. SHEDSealed Housing for Evaporative Determination. U.S.United States. U.S.C... part: °degree. ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials. CCelsius. CFRCode of Federal...

  3. 40 CFR 1051.805 - What symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations does this part use?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...—pounds per square inches of gauge pressure. rpm—revolutions per minute. SAE—Society of Automotive Engineers. SI—spark-ignition. THC—total hydrocarbon. THCE—total hydrocarbon equivalent. U.S.C.—United States...—American Society for Testing and Materials. ATV—all-terrain vehicle. cc—cubic centimeters. CFR—Code...

  4. Testing the effectiveness of an abbreviated version of the Nutrition Detectives program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, David L; Treu, Judith A; Ayettey, Rockiy G; Kavak, Yasemin; Katz, Catherine S; Njike, Valentine

    2014-04-10

    Obese or overweight children have an increased risk for chronic diseases. Targeting diet and exercise in schools could help prevent childhood obesity. We have previously shown the effectiveness of a 90-minute nutrition program in improving elementary school students' food-label literacy. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a 45-minute version of the program. We conducted a pre-post study in a public school district, with no control group. We provided teacher training and program materials. Participants were 5th-grade students in 5 schools who had parental consent and were willing to take part. We condensed the program to a 45-minute lesson with a presentation and hands-on activity. The lesson showed students why and how to make healthful food choices based on Nutrition Facts panels and ingredient lists. The district's physical education teachers taught the lesson. The primary outcome measure was food-label literacy (ie, the ability to distinguish between more and less healthful foods using a validated test instrument with Nutrition Facts panels and ingredient lists). A total of 212 students completed pre-post measures. Following program delivery, we observed a significant gain of 16.2 percentage points in scores overall, ranging from 4.3 percentage points to 23.6 percentage points among schools. Results were similar to those achieved with the 90-minute program. The condensed nutrition program improved students' food-label literacy while requiring a minimal allocation of time. Further studies in other school districts would be useful.

  5. 21 CFR 314.96 - Amendments to an unapproved abbreviated application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... bioequivalence study upon which the applicant relies for approval. For all other bioequivalence studies conducted... submit either a complete or summary report. If a summary report of a bioequivalence study is submitted... require that the applicant submit a complete report of the bioequivalence study to FDA. (2) Submission...

  6. Abbreviated sampling and analysis plan for planning decontamination and decommissioning at Test Reactor Area (TRA) facilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-10-01

    The objective is to sample and analyze for the presence of gamma emitting isotopes and hazardous constituents within certain areas of the Test Reactor Area (TRA), prior to D and D activities. The TRA is composed of three major reactor facilities and three smaller reactors built in support of programs studying the performance of reactor materials and components under high neutron flux conditions. The Materials Testing Reactor (MTR) and Engineering Test Reactor (ETR) facilities are currently pending D/D. Work consists of pre-D and D sampling of designated TRA (primarily ETR) process areas. This report addresses only a limited subset of the samples which will eventually be required to characterize MTR and ETR and plan their D and D. Sampling which is addressed in this document is intended to support planned D and D work which is funded at the present time. Biased samples, based on process knowledge and plant configuration, are to be performed. The multiple process areas which may be potentially sampled will be initially characterized by obtaining data for upstream source areas which, based on facility configuration, would affect downstream and as yet unsampled, process areas. Sampling and analysis will be conducted to determine the level of gamma emitting isotopes and hazardous constituents present in designated areas within buildings TRA-612, 642, 643, 644, 645, 647, 648, 663; and in the soils surrounding Facility TRA-611. These data will be used to plan the D and D and help determine disposition of material by D and D personnel. Both MTR and ETR facilities will eventually be decommissioned by total dismantlement so that the area can be restored to its original condition.

  7. Abbreviated Environmental Assessment for the Northwest Infrastructure, Phase II Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    iM---/nclucll!np ........... - .J (+•~.t/td; O•no~ ·•1111111-olltct; U• unkno..,-) + 0 . u 7. AIR INSTAU.ATION ~ PI \\ TliiLE USE ZONEAANO USE...petraea Traubeneiche Ses.~i le Oak rubus idaeus Himbeere Red Raspberry salix fragilis Bruchweidc Crack Willow sam bucus nigra Schwarz.~r Holw1der

  8. A Glossary of Terms, Definitions, Acronyms, and Abbreviations Related to the National Airspace System (NAS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-01

    developed, cumuliform protuberances (some of which are taller than they are wide, as castles) and which give the cloud a crenelated or turreted appearance...ICAO) COR CORrected (corrected meteorological message)(ICAO) COR CORrection CORAS CORridor ASsignment COREQ Confirming REQuisition follows CORN

  9. Norms for an abbreviated Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices in an older sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smits, C H; Smit, J H; van den Heuvel, N; Jonker, C

    1997-11-01

    Percentile age norms for ages 55 to 85 using overlapping intervals at specified age midpoints are presented for the sum scores of sections A and B of Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices (RCPM). The representative age and gender stratified sample (N = 2,815) used is derived from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (the Netherlands). As RCPM scores appear to be strongly associated with education, percentile norms for three educational levels are presented: low (0-9 years), middle (10-15 years) and high (16 years and more).

  10. Clinical utility of Standardised Assessment of Personality - Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS) among patients with first episode depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bukh, Jens Drachmann; Bock, Camilla; Vinberg, Maj;

    2010-01-01

    , by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders. RESULTS: We found, that a cut-off of 3 on the screen correctly identified the presence of comorbid personality disorder in 73.1% of the patients. The sensitivity and specificity were 0.80 and 0.70, respectively. LIMITATIONS: The findings cannot...

  11. Extending a Single Residue Switch for Abbreviating Catalysis in Plant ent-Kaurene Synthases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meirong Jia

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Production of ent-kaurene as a precursor for important signaling molecules such as the gibberellins seems to have arisen early in plant evolution, with corresponding cyclase(s present in all land plants (i.e., embryophyta. The relevant enzymes seem to represent fusion of the class II diterpene cyclase that produces the intermediate ent-copalyl diphosphate (ent-CPP and the subsequently acting class I diterpene synthase that produces ent-kaurene, although the bifunctionality of the ancestral gene is only retained in certain early diverging plants, with gene duplication and sub-functionalization leading to distinct ent-CPP synthases (CPSs and ent-kaurene synthases (KSs generally observed. This evolutionary scenario implies that plant KSs should have conserved structural features uniquely required for production of ent-kaurene relative to related enzymes that have alternative function. Notably, substitution of threonine for a conserved isoleucine has been shown to short-circuit the complex bicyclization and rearrangement reaction catalyzed by KSs after initial cyclization, leading to predominant production of ent-pimaradiene, at least in KSs from angiosperms. Here this effect is shown to extend to KSs from earlier diverging plants (i.e., bryophytes, including a bifunctional CPS/KS. In addition, attribution of the dramatic effect of this single residue switch on product outcome to electrostatic stabilization of the ent-pimarenyl carbocation intermediate formed upon initial cyclization by the hydroxyl introduced by threonine substitution has been called into question by the observation of similar effects from substitution of alanine. Here further mutational analysis and detailed product analysis is reported that supports the importance of electrostatic stabilization by a hydroxyl or water.

  12. Cognitive Load Theory and the Role of Learner Experience: An Abbreviated Review for Educational Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artino, Anthony R., Jr.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to provide educational practitioners with a brief overview of cognitive load theory (CLT) and its major implications for learning. To achieve this objective, the article includes a short description of human cognitive architecture as conceived by cognitive load theorists. Following this overview, the article provides…

  13. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 989 - Glossary of References, Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Air Force for Installations, Environment & Logistics SAF/IEE Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Air..., especially as ideas and issues become clearer, and as new information makes changes necessary. Environmental... significant issues related to a proposed action. Scoping includes affirmative efforts to communicate with...

  14. 21 CFR 314.94 - Content and format of an abbreviated application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... that does not meet the definition of “new drug” in section 201(p) of the act, and such other... under a petition approved under § 314.93, the results of any bioavailability of bioequivalence testing... which does not meet the definition of “new drug” under section 201(p) of the act. (iii) For each in...

  15. Abbreviated half-lives and impaired fuel utilization in carnitine palmitoyltransferase II variant fibroblasts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Yao

    Full Text Available Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II deficiency is one of the most common causes of fatty acid oxidation metabolism disorders. However, the molecular mechanism between CPT2 gene polymorphisms and metabolic stress has not been fully clarified. We previously reported that a number of patients show a thermal instable phenotype of compound hetero/homozygous variants of CPT II. To understand the mechanism of the metabolic disorder resulting from CPT II deficiency, the present study investigated CPT II variants in patient fibroblasts, [c.1102 G>A (p.V368I] (heterozygous, [c.1102 G>A (p.V368I] (homozygous, and [c.1055 T>G (p.F352C] (heterozygous + [c.1102 G>A (p.V368I] (homozygous compared with fibroblasts from healthy controls. CPT II variants exerted an effect of dominant negative on the homotetrameric proteins that showed thermal instability, reduced residual enzyme activities and a short half-life. Moreover, CPT II variant fibroblasts showed a significant decrease in fatty acid β-oxidation and adenosine triphosphate generation, combined with a reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, resulting in cellular apoptosis. Collectively, our data indicate that the CPT II deficiency induces an energy crisis of the fatty acid metabolic pathway. These findings may contribute to the elucidation of the genetic factors involved in metabolic disorder encephalopathy caused by the CPT II deficiency.

  16. JPRS Report, East Europe. Reference Aid: Abbreviations in the Polish Press.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    HA Biuro Techniczno-Handlowe 6 Engineering and Trade Office BEW bezp. "Bezpieka" BGK BGS BGZ BH bhp or BHP BI BiA bibl. BiDN BIG BIOA...Electrification of Agriculture Institute for the Study of the Problems of Young People Institute of Social Research 67 I BW I Ch 0 I Ch 0 I...Stowarzyszenie Ateistöw i Wolnomyslcieli sam. samochodowy sam. samodzielny SAM sklep samoobslugow san.-epid. sanitarno- epidemiologiczny SAP

  17. A Modern Approach to Application of Abbreviation and Acronym Strategy for Vocabulary Learning in Second/Foreign Language Learning Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fazeli, Seyed Hossein

    2010-01-01

    Understanding some key notions of how vocabulary is acquired, can help the learners of the other languages to have better and easier learning, longer retention, and even help the teachers deliver more realistic and effective vocabulary teaching. The purpose of research described in the current study to investigate on particular approach as a…

  18. An abbreviated protocol for multilineage neural differentiation of murine embryonic stem cells and its perturbation by methyl mercury.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theunissen, P.T.; Schulpen, S.; van Dartel, D.A.M.; Hermsen, S.A.B.; van Schooten, F.J.; Piersma, A.H.

    2010-01-01

    Alternative assays are highly desirable to reduce the extensive experimental animal use in developmental toxicity testing. In the present study, we developed an improved test system for assessing neurodevelopmental toxicity using differentiating embryonic stem cells. We advanced previously establish

  19. 77 FR 16039 - Abbott Laboratories et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 35 New Drug Applications and 64 Abbreviated...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ...) Pharmaceuticals, Implants. Inc. NDA 020828 Fortovase Hoffman-La Roche, (saquinavir) Inc. Capsules, 200 mg. NDA.../a HCl) Tablets and Wyeth Capsules and Artane Pharmaceuticals, (trihexyphenidyl) P.O. Box 8299... 46285. NDA 017577 Ditropan (oxybutynin Janssen chloride) Tablets. Pharmaceuticals Inc., c/o Johnson...

  20. 藏语盲文及简写研究探讨%On Tibetan-Language Braille and Its Abbreviations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华; 韩萍; 高旭; 何川

    2011-01-01

    藏族盲人需要科学实用的藏语盲文和简写方案.我国目前还没有成熟的藏语盲文方案.现有的两套盲文方案不符合触觉阅读规律和藏语语言规律.藏语盲文研究应把研制基本方案和简写方案同时进行,要充分发挥后发优势.根据藏语字母拼合规律、使用频率,布莱尔符号的触觉可感性设计字母符号,整体优化藏语盲文的触觉品质.藏语盲文要实现藏语字母使用规律与布莱尔符号触觉规律相结合,形成科学、简明的藏语盲文及简写方案.

  1. An Abbreviated Protocol for In Vitro Generation of Functional Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Beta-Like Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Massumi, Mohammad; Pourasgari, Farzaneh; Nalla, Amarnadh;

    2016-01-01

    The ability to yield glucose-responsive pancreatic beta-cells from human pluripotent stem cells in vitro will facilitate the development of the cell replacement therapies for the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes. Here, through the sequential in vitro targeting of selected signaling pathways, we have ...

  2. 关于荒漠化问题的浅略思考%The abbreviated Reflections on desertification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李元

    2016-01-01

    he In recent years, due to climate change, human over exploitation of natural resources and the increase of water demand, the earth is facing more and more serious threat of desertification. Desertification is the current global environmental disaster, it directly affects the human economic development and the future of the earth's fate, and fundamentally curb the expansion of desertification has become a major strategic task facing the current global. The western region of China is the most serious and concentrated area of land de⁃sertification. In recent years, the central and local governments have implemented a series of ecological projects to effectively curb the trend of the development of land desertification. Today, desertification prevention and control task of carrying the construction of "The Belt and Road" ecological security ", to promote the Silk Road Economic Belt" building a "Easy Access".%近年来,受气候变化、人为对自然资源的过度开发和水资源需求量增加等因素影响,地球正面临越来越严重的荒漠化威胁。荒漠化是当前全球性的环境灾害,它直接影响到人类经济发展和地球未来的命运,从根本上遏制荒漠化扩展成为当前全球性面临的重大战略任务。我国西部地区是土地荒漠化最严重、最集中的区域,近年来中央和地方政府通过实施一系列生态工程,有效的遏制了土地荒漠化发展的趋势。如今,荒漠化防治承载着建设“一带一路”生态保障的重任,为推进“丝绸之路经济带”建设构筑一条“绿色通道”。

  3. 78 FR 46977 - Generic Drug User Fee-Abbreviated New Drug Application, Prior Approval Supplement, Drug Master...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ..., Prior Approval Supplement, Drug Master File, Final Dosage Form Facility, and Active Pharmaceutical... active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), and finished dosage form (FDF) facilities user fees related to... one or more finished dosage forms of a human generic drug or an active pharmaceutical ingredient...

  4. 77 FR 65198 - Generic Drug User Fee-Abbreviated New Drug Application, Prior Approval Supplement, and Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... applications in the backlog as of October 1, 2012, on finished dosage form (FDF) and active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) facilities, and on type II active pharmaceutical ingredient DMFs to be made available for... pharmaceutical ingredients other than by reference to a DMF will pay an additional fee that is based on...

  5. An abbreviated protocol for multilineage neural differentiation of murine embryonic stem cells and its perturbation by methyl mercury.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theunissen, P.T.; Schulpen, S.; van Dartel, D.A.M.; Hermsen, S.A.B.; van Schooten, F.J.; Piersma, A.H.

    2010-01-01

    Alternative assays are highly desirable to reduce the extensive experimental animal use in developmental toxicity testing. In the present study, we developed an improved test system for assessing neurodevelopmental toxicity using differentiating embryonic stem cells. We advanced previously establish

  6. 78 FR 43210 - Bracco Diagnostics et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 52 New Drug Applications and 77 Abbreviated...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ..., Nesher 15 mg/5 mL. Pharmaceuticals (USA) LLC, 13910 Saint Charles Rock Rd., Bridgton, MO 63044. ANDA.... MN 55427. NDA 050261 Declomycin CorePharma, LLC, 215 (demeclocycline HCl) Wood Ave., Tablets, 75...

  7. Oral Ezatiostat HCl (TLK199) and Myelodysplastic syndrome: a case report of sustained hematologic response following an abbreviated exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quddus, Fahd; Clima, Jessica; Seedham, Helen; Sajjad, Ghulam; Galili, Naomi; Raza, Azra

    2010-04-23

    Treatment options for patients with lower risk non-del(5q) myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) who fail erythroid stimulating agents are restricted to one of the hypomethylating drugs with an expected response rate of approximately 50%. Ezatiostat HCl, an agent with the potential for producing multi-lineage responses in this population is currently in clinical investigation phase. This case report describes a 77 year old male who received less than two cycles of therapy with ezatiostat HCl which had to be aborted due to intolerable side effects, but which produced a sustained normalization of all three blood counts. This trilineage response has now lasted for more than a year. Interestingly, the patient began with a del(5q) abnormality and responded briefly to lenalidomide. Upon relapse of the anemia, a bone marrow showed the disappearance of the del(5q) but the appearance of a new clonal abnormality t(2;3). Given that the patient had a complete cytogenetic response to a truncated exposure to lenalidomide followed by a trilineage response to an even briefer course of ezatiostat HCl suggests a potential role for ezatiostat HCl in del(5q) patients who relapse following lenalidomide.

  8. Abbreviated Goal Management Training Shows Preliminary Evidence as a Neurorehabilitation Tool for HIV-associated Neurocognitive Disorders among Substance Users

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casaletto, Kaitlin B.; Moore, David J.; Woods, Steven Paul; Umlauf, Anya; Scott, J. C.; Heaton, Robert K.

    2016-01-01

    Objective Substance use disorders are highly comorbid with and contribute to the increased prevalence of neurocognitive dysfunction observed in HIV infection. Despite their adverse impact on everyday functioning, there are currently no compensatory-based neurorehabilitation interventions validated for use among HIV+ substance users (HIV/SUD). This study examined the effectiveness of Goal Management Training (GMT) alone or GMT as part of a metacognitive training among HIV/SUD individuals with executive dysfunction. Methods Ninety HIV/SUD individuals were randomized to a single 15-minute session: 1) GMT (n=30); 2) GMT plus metacognitive training (neurocognitive awareness; GMT+Meta; n=30); or 3) active control (n=30). Following a brief neurocognitive battery and study condition, participants performed a complex laboratory-based function task, Everyday Multitasking Test (Everyday MT), during which metacognition (awareness) was evaluated. Results There was an increasing, but nonsignificant tendency for better Everyday MT performances across study conditions (Control≤GMT≤GMT+Meta; psmetacognitive task appraisals as compared to the control condition. Among participants who underwent GMT, benefits were most prominent in persons with poorer pre-training dual-tasking ability, depression, and methamphetamine use disorders (ds=0.35–1.04). Conclusions A brief compensatory strategy has benefits for everyday multitasking and metacognition among HIV+ substance users with executive dysfunction. Future work exploring more intensive trainings, potentially complimentary to other restorative approaches and/or pharmacological treatments, is warranted. PMID:26753986

  9. An abbreviated tool for assessing feminine norm conformity: psychometric properties of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parent, Mike C; Moradi, Bonnie

    2011-12-01

    The Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45 (CFNI-45; Parent & Moradi, 2010) is an important tool for assessing level of conformity to feminine gender norms and for investigating the implications of such norms for women's functioning. The authors of the present study assessed the factor structure, measurement invariance, reliability, and validity of the CFNI-45 with data from 520 college women (55% White). Confirmatory factor analyses with data from this sample suggested acceptable fit for the posited 9-factor structure. Furthermore, analyses of measurement invariance indicated similar structural properties with members of socioculturally dominant (i.e., White) and nondominant (i.e., women of color) racial/ethnic status groups. Also, subscales of the CFNI-45 demonstrated acceptable internal consistency reliability coefficients, and correlations with convergent and discriminant validity indicators supported the validity of subscales scores. Overall, results offered support for the CFNI-45 as a multidimensional measure of women's conformity to feminine norms. The CFNI-45 can be used in research to facilitate evaluation of the theorized roles of conformity to feminine norms in women's mental health, vocational behavior, interpersonal relationships, and other domains. The CFNI-45 can be used in clinical practice to assess and attend to clients' conformity to feminine norms as is called for in the American Psychological Association's (2007) Guidelines for Psychological Practice with Girls and Women.

  10. An abbreviated fire-assay atomic-absorption method for the determination of gold and silver in ores and concentrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moloughney, P E

    1977-02-01

    A simplified scheme, combining aspects of the classical fire-assay with an atomic-absorption finish, is presented for the determination of gold and silver in ores and concentrates. The lead assay button is scorified to approximately 2 g and then parted in nitric acid. The filtrate is analysed by AAS for silver; the residue is dissolved in aqua regia and subsequently analysed for gold by AAS. The precision and accuracy of the method have been established by application to four diverse certified reference materials. The proposed method eliminates the need for such time-consuming steps as inquartation, multiple scorifications, and cupellation.

  11. An Abbreviated Tool for Assessing Feminine Norm Conformity: Psychometric Properties of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parent, Mike C.; Moradi, Bonnie

    2011-01-01

    The Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45 (CFNI-45; Parent & Moradi, 2010) is an important tool for assessing level of conformity to feminine gender norms and for investigating the implications of such norms for women's functioning. The authors of the present study assessed the factor structure, measurement invariance, reliability, and…

  12. Baux’s and Abbreviated Burn Severity Score for the Prediction of Mortality in Patients with Acute Burn Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peeyush Dahal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available jdjdBackground & Objectives: Prediction of outcome for patients with major thermal injury is important to inform clinical decision making, alleviate individual suffering and improve hospital resource allocation. Early prediction of outcome (i.e., survival or mortality may help triage effectively, and to implement medical and surgical interventions efficiently as soon as possible. Burn mortality has decreased markedly with the improvement in burn management in the past 100 years, and multiple burn mortality prediction models have been developed over these times in response to that decline. But these services are still not enough to reduce the burn related injuries in low income country like Nepal. So we did a study to observe the effectiveness of two different but very popular models (Baux and ABSI in our context.Materials & Methods: This was a prospective observational study where 92 cases of severe burn injury was selected and the results were compared with Baux and ABSI scoring system.Results: Total admission was 140 and mortality was 33. Out of these admission 92 cases of severe burn injury was selected for the study. Most (85.8 % of were among the young group 16-40 years. It comprises 41.3 % in total. In total 63.7 % were female. Mortality with severe burn injury was 29.3%. No death had occurred below the Baux’s score 30 and there was more than 51% mortality above the score of 60. There was no mortality with ABSI scoring < 3 and mortality was high in ABSI scoring > 6.Conclusion: Baux and ABSI score systems are simple to calculate and ABSI is more accurate for prediction of acute burn injury.Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal, Vol.11(4 2015: 24-27

  13. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory and Development of an Abbreviated Version: The CFNI-45

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parent, Mike C.; Moradi, Bonnie

    2010-01-01

    The present study undertakes the first factor analysis of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory (CFNI) conducted since the instrument's development. Confirmatory factor analysis using data from 243 women offered mixed support for the original 84-item CFNI structure and pointed to ways to modify the structure and reduce the length of the…

  14. Multinational Experiment 7: Access to the Global Commons. Objective 3.3 Lexicon and Abbreviations. Version 1.1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-28

    Court ICJ International Court of Justice ICT Information and Communication Technologies ILC International Law Commission IOC Initial...operation in Europe OSINT Open Source Intelligence PDA Personal Digital Assistant SME Subject Matter Expert SWGCA Special Working Group on the

  15. JPRS Report, West Europe: Reference Aid, Swedish-English Glossary of Military and Technical Acronyms and Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-22

    Voluntary Activities FRK förvaltningsreglemente för krigsmakten FRO Frivilliga radio- organisationen FROK Förberedande reservofficerskurs fr...kadett coast guard station coast guard station radar coastal reconnaissance radar section command center cadet Kd kod code Kd kommunikations

  16. Ontogenetic changes in biochemical composition during larval and early postlarval development of Lepidophthalmus louisianensis, a ghost shrimp with abbreviated development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larvae of the ghost shrimp, Lepidophthalmus louisianensis, were mass-reared under laboratory conditions (28|C; 20o/ooS) from hatching to the decapodid (D) stage. Iatroscan lipid class analysis revealed that polar lipids (Zoea I: 77.4|1.7%; Zoea II: 77.5|2.1%; Decapodid: 80.0|1.7%...

  17. Using Multivariate Base Rates to Interpret Low Scores on an Abbreviated Battery of the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karr, Justin E; Garcia-Barrera, Mauricio A; Holdnack, James A; Iverson, Grant L

    2017-05-01

    Executive function consists of multiple cognitive processes that operate as an interactive system to produce volitional goal-oriented behavior, governed in large part by frontal microstructural and physiological networks. Identification of deficits in executive function in those with neurological or psychiatric conditions can be difficult because the normal variation in executive function test scores, in healthy adults when multiple tests are used, is largely unknown. This study addresses that gap in the literature by examining the prevalence of low scores on a brief battery of executive function tests. The sample consisted of 1,050 healthy individuals (ages 16-89) from the standardization sample for the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS). Seven individual test scores from the Trail Making Test, Color-Word Interference Test, and Verbal Fluency Test were analyzed. Low test scores, as defined by commonly used clinical cut-offs (i.e., ≤25th, 16th, 9th, 5th, and 2nd percentiles), occurred commonly among the adult portion of the D-KEFS normative sample (e.g., 62.8% of the sample had one or more scores ≤16th percentile, 36.1% had one or more scores ≤5th percentile), and the prevalence of low scores increased with lower intelligence and fewer years of education. The multivariate base rates (BR) in this article allow clinicians to understand the normal frequency of low scores in the general population. By use of these BRs, clinicians and researchers can improve the accuracy with which they identify executive dysfunction in clinical groups, such as those with traumatic brain injury or neurodegenerative diseases.

  18. 首字母缩写商标的利弊%Benefit and Abuse of First Letter Abbreviation Trademarks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨敏锋

    2009-01-01

    @@ 一、问题的提出 在英文商标中,很多名字比较长的公司采用将公司名称的数个词汇中的首字母组合而成一个商标.这样的例子比比皆是,如IBM是International Business Machine(国际商用机器)的缩写,;TCL是Today China Lion(今日中国雄狮)的缩写,GM为General Motors(通用汽车)的缩写;BBC是British Broadcasting Company(英国广播公司)的缩写;KFC是Kentucky Fried Chicken(肯塔基炸鸡)的缩写;BMW是德文Bayerische Motoren Werke(巴伐利亚摩托工厂)的缩写等.

  19. NATO Glossary of Abbreviations Used in NATO Documents and Publications (glossaire otan des abreviations utilisees dans les documents et publications otan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    données contractuelles [NASG] CDS1 chief of defence staff Note: GBR. [NASG] chef d’état-major des armées / CEMA / Note : FRA. [NASG] CDS2...effets combinés [NASG] CEM3 compatibilité électromagnétique [NASG] electromagnetic compatibility /EMC/ [NASG] CEMA chef d’état-major des...COR- CEMA Conseil OTAN-Russie en session des chefs d’état-major [NASG] NATO-Russia Council in Chiefs of Staff Session /NRC-CS/ [NASG] CORCEN

  20. Evaluating the Measurement Structure of the Abbreviated HIV Stigma Scale in a Sample of African Americans Living with HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Eboneé T.; Yaghmaian, Rana A.; Best, Andrew; Chan, Fong; Burrell, Reginald, Jr.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to validate the 10-item version of the HIV Stigma Scale (HSS-10) in a sample of African Americans with HIV/AIDS. Method: One hundred and ten African Americans living with HIV/AIDS were recruited from 3 case management agencies in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Measurement structure of the HSS-10 was evaluated using…

  1. NATO Glossary of Abbreviations Used in NATO Documents and Publications (glossaire otan des abreviations utilisees dans les documents et publications otan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Britannica 2001 Standard Edition CD-ROM, CD-ROM Complete version, 2001. Hart’s Rules for Compositors and Readers, Horace Hart, 39th Edition, OUP, 1983... Grande -Bretagne, Canada ABCA (nations) America, Britain, Canada, Australia Amérique, Grande -Bretagne, Canada, Australie ABCCC 1. airborne...implementation report compte rendu d’exécution des mesures d’alerte ALLA Alliance Long Lines Activity Activité alliée des lignes à grande distance

  2. NATO Glossary of Abbreviations Used in NATO Documents and Publications (Glossaire OTAN des Abreviations Utilisees dans les Documents et Publications OTAN)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    supply NASG alimentation électrique auxiliaire NASG APT acquisition, pointing and tracking MC 0165 acquisition, pointage et poursuite NASG APU...police des frontières NASG 2. business process EAPC 2. processus métier CPEA BPA battlefield psychological activities MC 402 activités psychologiques du...operations area NASG zone d’opérations interarmées de la coalition NASG CJPOTF combined joint psychological operations task force NASG groupe interarmées

  3. 关于汉语盲文简写方案的调查%A Survey on the Abbreviation Scheme of Current-using Chinese Braille

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华; 韩萍; 郝传萍; 李朝煦

    2009-01-01

    对试用2个月的64名初中盲生进行问卷调查,发现87.51%的初中生认为学习简写方案没有困难.对22名盲文教师、30名盲人大学生、7名盲文出版工作者进行小组访谈,结论是:没有科学性错误,符号没有歧义;中的方案(一)部分简单明了、好学好用,但定型简写词的记忆量过大,希望其经进一步修订后推广.

  4. 简写是汉语盲文升级的必由之路%Abbreviation: the Way to Upgrade Chinese Braille

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华

    2005-01-01

    由于受到触觉感知速度和灵敏性的限制,加之盲文自身结构的局限性,阅读速度慢是各国盲文的共同特点.通过简写方案,可以减少盲文表达的方数,间接提高盲文的阅读、书写速度.简写对汉语盲文还有特殊的意义,简写符形代表固定的汉字,可以有效的区分高频同音词.简写可以提高汉语盲文的精确性、简明性,是盲文从低级形态向高级形态过渡的必由之路,对发展盲人先进文化有积极的意义.英语盲文的改革是简写方案的改革,而不是基本方案的更迭,这非常值得汉语盲文改革借鉴.

  5. Identification of an Abbreviated Test Battery for Detection of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Impairment in an Early-Managed HIV-Infected Cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    the Montreal Cognitive Assessment ( MoCA ) [33]. Also, in order to capitalize on the normative data, the raw scores would have to be converted into...monolingual Spanish speakers from the U.S.- Mexico border region. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22: 343– 353. 20. Heaton RK, Marcotte TD, Mindt MR, Sadek J, Moore...2005) The Montreal Cognitive Assessment, MoCA : a brief screening tool for mild cognitive impairment. J Am Geriatr Soc 53: 695–699. 34. Achenbach TM

  6. Accelerated/abbreviated test methods, Study 4 of Task 3 (encapsulation) of the Low-Cost Silicon Solar Array Project. Eighth quarterly progress report, January--March 1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolyer, J.M.

    1978-04-03

    To meet the goals of the LSSA program, solar cell encapsulants must provide protection for 20 years. Consequently, the objective of the present program is to develop methodology for making confident predictions of encapsulant performance at any exposure site in the U.S.A. During the first year of the program, inherent weatherability was studied. Inherent weatherability is controlled by the three weather factors common to all exposure sites: insolation, temperature, and humidity. Emphasis was focused on the transparent encapsulant portion of miniature solar cell arrays by eliminating weathering effects on the substrate and circuitry (which are also parts of the encapsulant system). The most extensive data were for yellowing, which was measured conviently and precisely. Considerable data also were obtained on tensile strength. Changes in these two properties after outdoor exposure were predicted very well from accelerated exposure data. Although more outdoor exposure data will be received, mathematical modeling studies are continuing. This first part of the program can be said to be successfully concluded. In continuation of the inherent weatherability study, the power output of solar cells was monitored under accelerated test conditions and is being followed for outdoor exposures. For this purpose, Universal Test Specimens (UTS's) with nine different substrate/transparent encapsulant combinations were prepared. Again, the objective is to predict outdoor performance from accelerated exposure data with photochemical stresses of about 8 times normal. Continuous accelerated exposure under 8 key combinations of ultraviolet (UV) light intensity, temperature, and humidity was continued for 2 months. Then the same UTS's were exposed to 100% relative humidity at 100/sup 0/C for one month. Degradation effects are discussed and illustrated.

  7. Validation of an abbreviated Vitalpac™ Early Warning Score (ViEWS) in 75,419 consecutive admissions to a Canadian regional hospital.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kellett, John

    2012-03-01

    The early warning score derived from 198,755 vital sign sets in the Vitalpac™ database (ViEWS) has an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC) for death of acute unselected medical patients within 24h of 88%.

  8. Nano Revolution--Big Impact: How Emerging Nanotechnologies Will Change the Future of Education and Industry in America (and More Specifically in Oklahoma). An Abbreviated Account

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holley, Steven E.

    2009-01-01

    Scientists are creating new and amazing materials by manipulating molecules at the ultra-small scale of 0.1 to 100 nanometers. Nanosize super particles demonstrate powerful and unprecedented electrical, chemical, and mechanical properties. This study examines how nanotechnology, as the multidisciplinary engineering of novel nanomaterials into…

  9. Abbreviated Report of the WHO Western Pacific Region Workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition: Key Elements for Success, Constraints and Future Plans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Constraints, Key Elements for Success, and Future Plans was convened and organized by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific in collaboration with the Institute for Medical Research Malaysia and co-sponsored with FAO and UNICEF from 25—29 October 1999. It was attended by representatives of 25 countries in the region and resource persons, representatives from WHO and other international agencies. The objectives of the workshop were to review the progress of countries in developing, implementing and monitoring national plans of action for nutrition (NPANs) in the Western Pacific Region and to identify constraints and key elements of success in these efforts. Most of the countries have NPANs, either approved and implemented or awaiting official endorsement. The Plan formulation is usually multisectoral, involving several government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and international agencies. Often official adoption or endorsement of the Plan comes from the head of state and cabinet or the minister of health, one to six years from the start of its formulation. The NPAN has stimulated support for the development and implementation of nutrition projects and activities, with comparatively greater involvement of and more support from government ministries, UN agencies and non-governmental agencies compared to local communities, bilateral and private sectors and research and academic institutions. Monitoring and evaluation are important components of NPANs. They are, however, not given high priority and often not built into the plan. The role of an intersectoral coordinating body is considered crucial to a country's nutrition program. Most countries have an intersectoral structure or coordinating body to ensure the proper implementation, monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.

  10. Abbreviated Report of the WHO Western Pacific Region Workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Key Elements for Success ,Constraints and Future plans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E-SIONGTEE

    2001-01-01

    A workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Constraints,Key Elements for Sucess,and Futrue Plans was convened and organized by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific in collaboration with the Institute for Medical Research Malasysia and Co-Sponsored with FAO and UNICEF from 25-29 October 1999,It was attended by representatives of 25 coutries in the region and resource persons,representatives form WHO and other international agencies,The objectives of the workshop were to review the progress of countries in developing,implementing and monitoring national plans of action for nutrition(NPANs) in the Western Pacific Region and to identify constraints and key elements of success in these efforts.Most of the countries have NPANs,either approved and implemented or awaiting official endorsement.The Plan formulation is usually multisectoral,involving several government ministries.non-governmental organizations,and international agencies,Ofter official adoption or endorsement of the Plan comes from the head of state and cabinet or the minister of health,one to six years from the stat of its formulation,The NPAn has stiumlated support for the development and implementation of nutrition projects and activities,with comparatively greater involvement of and more support from government ministries,NU agencies and non-governmental a gencies compared to local communities,bilateral and private sectors and research and academic institutions.Monitoring and evaluation are importand components of NPANs.They are,however,not given high priority and often not bulit into the plan.The role of an intersectoral coordinating body is considered crucial to a coutry's nutrition program.Most countries have an intersectoral structure or coordinating body to ensure the proper impleentation,monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.The workshop identified the constraints and key elements of success in each of the four stages of the NPAN process:development,operationalization,implementation,and monitoring and evaluation,Constraints to the NPAN process relate to the political and socioeconomic environmant,resource scarcity,control and management processes,and factors related to sustainability.The group's review of NPAN identified successful NPANs as those based on recent adequate and good quality information on the nutritional situation of the country,and on the selection of strategies,priorities and interventions that are relevant to the country and backed up by adequate resources,Continued high leve political commitment,a multisectoral approach,and adequate participation of local communities are other key elements for success.The participants agreed on future actions and support needed from various sources for the further development ,implementation.monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.The recommendations for future actions were categorized into actions pertaining to countries with working NPAN,actions for countries without working NPAN and actions relevant to all countries.There was also a set of suggested actions at the regional level,such as holding of regular regional NPAN evaluation meetings inclusion of NPAN on the agenda of regional fora by the regional organizations,and strengthening of regional nutrition networks.

  11. [DAD-6: an abbreviated version of the DAD scale (disability assessment for dementia). An instrument for detection of loss of autonomy at an early stage].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Rotrou, Jocelyne; Wu, Ya-Huei; Djabelkhir, Leila; Seux, Marie-Laure; Hugonot, Laurence; Rigaud, Anne-Sophie; Hanon, Olivier; Vidal, Jean-Sébastien

    2014-09-01

    This paper presents the French version of DAD-6, a validated instrument for the assessment of IADL (instrumental activities of daily living) considered as intentional and complex activities. A loss of autonomy remains a major criterion in the diagnosis of dementia. In addition, IADL assessment is recommended as a primary outcome in dementia drug trials. Since the publication in 1969 by Lawton and Brody of an IADL scale, many instruments have been developed. However, their psychometric properties remain to be improved. The need for improving the early diagnosis yielded to the design of DAD-6, an instrument allowing capturing subtle difficulties in IADL management. The DAD-6 scale emphasizes the role of the cognitive function, mainly the executive function in early IADL impairment. DAD-6 requires the participation of an informant (a patient's proxy). Relative to patients' self-reports or performance-based methods, informant-based questionnaires are the most common and practical methods used in memory clinics. In previous work, DAD-6 score gradually decreased with increasing severity of the cognitive status. The present work shows the inter-rater reliability of DAD-6. The use of the scale with the same informants by one neurologist and two neuropsychologists, separately, indicated a high agreement between raters (alpha of Krippendorff>0.80).This work also highlights the main sources of bias in the context of evaluation based on subjective judgement. The authors stress the necessity of: 1--a clarification of the relationship between cognitive function and IADL; 2--the measurement of IADL performance in a routine neuropsychological assessment by experienced professionals.

  12. Abbreviated Resonant Frequency Training to Augment Heart Rate Variability and Enhance On-Demand Emotional Regulation in Elite Sport Support Staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Mike J; Shearer, David A; Bringer, Joy D; Hall, Ross; Cook, Christian J; Kilduff, Liam P

    2016-09-01

    Support and management staff in elite sport experience work-related stress and emotional disturbance to a similar extent as athletes (Fletcher and Wagstaff 2009). The resonant frequency breathing technique (Lehrer et al. 2000) can inhibit autonomic changes associated with stressful situations or events and as such provides a potential emotional regulation tool. The present study utilised five practitioner-led heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback sessions and home practice via mobile applications to train support and management staff (n = 9) in resonant frequency breathing techniques. Although baseline HRV did not change from pre to post training, participants increased total HRV (i.e., SDNN; p = .006), parasympathetic HRV (i.e., RMSSD; p = .028) and HRV reflective of baroreflex function (i.e., low frequency power; p = .018) while accurately performing resonant frequency breathing without a breath pacer. Post-intervention questionnaire data revealed an increase (p = .032) in habitual use of somatic strategies for emotional regulation, and social validation data suggested that the technique enhanced emotional regulation at home, work and during international competition. HRV biofeedback and the resonant frequency technique provided an on-demand emotional regulation technique for elite sport support and management staff.

  13. Abbreviation as a Reflection of Terms Variability in Language for Specific Purposes: Translational Features (Terminology Case Study in German, English, Kazakh, and Russia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beisembayeva, Gulshat Z.; Yeskindirova, Manshuk Z.; Tulebayeva, Samal A.

    2016-01-01

    The range of modern dynamic social changes, globalization of world powers' economic cooperation, acceleration of technocratic processes have widespread impact on term systems' variability in language, in particular, on terminological variability for specific purposes. This globalized extra-linguistic factor provokes avalanche growth of…

  14. An abbreviated MLVA identifies Escherichia coli ST131 as the major extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing lineage in the Copenhagen area

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, J. B.; Albayati, A.; Jørgensen, R. L.;

    2013-01-01

    Rapid bacterial typing is a valuable and necessary tool in the prevention and detection of outbreaks. The purpose of this study was to adapt a multilocus variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) for analysis on a benchtop capillary electrophoresis instrument and compare the modified assay...... with multilocus sequence typing (MLST) for typing cefpodoxime-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli). Further, we identified the causative resistance mechanisms and epidemiological type of infection for isolates producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). A collection of E. coli resistant to cefpodoxime...... was typed by MLST and a modified MLVA assay using a benchtop capillary electrophoresis instrument. Resistance mechanisms were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing. Patient history was examined to establish the epidemiological type of infection for ESBL-producing E. coli. MLVA yielded...

  15. Screening for personality disorder in a sample of incarcerated male youth: preliminary validation of the Standardised Assessment of Personality-Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kongerslev, Mickey; Bo, Sune; Simonsen, Erik

    2011-01-01

    prisons and secure institutions Within one week a clinical psychologist administered the Structured Clinical Inter-view for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (SCID-II) and the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV) to assess for personality disorders and psychopathy In order to control for confounding...

  16. An abbreviated therapeutic neuroscience education session improves pain knowledge in first-year physical therapy students but does not change attitudes or beliefs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Terry; Louw, Adriaan; Puentedura, Emilio J

    2017-02-01

    To determine if a 3-hour therapeutic neuroscience education session alters physical therapy student's knowledge of pain and effects their attitudes and beliefs regarding treating chronic pain. Seventy-seven entry-level doctoral physical therapy students participated in the study. Following consent, demographic data were obtained and then the subjects completed the Neuroscience of Pain Questionnaire, the Health Care Provider's Pain and Impairment Relationship Scale and an additional questionnaire designed by the researchers. The subjects then received a 3-hour educational session developed by the researchers, focusing on the neurobiology and physiology of pain. The questionnaires were re-administered immediately after the educational session and at 6 months post-education. Seventy-seven subjects (mean age = 24.7 years, 57.1% female and 81.8% white) completed the questionnaires pre- and post-educational session with 75 completing the questionnaires at 6 months. To assess the effect of the education on the scores of the questionnaires, a repeated measures ANOVA was conducted. Students demonstrated significantly higher scores on the neuroscience of pain questionnaire (p educational session on the neuroscience of pain is beneficial for educating entry-level doctoral physical therapy students immediately post-education and at 6 months. This educational session had no effect on the student's attitudes and beliefs regarding treating the chronic pain population. There were additional significant findings regarding individual questions posed to the subjects.

  17. Abbreviated exposure to hypoxia is sufficient to induce CNS dysmyelination, modulate spinal motor neuron composition, and impair motor development in neonatal mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watzlawik, Jens O; Kahoud, Robert J; O'Toole, Ryan J; White, Katherine A M; Ogden, Alyssa R; Painter, Meghan M; Wootla, Bharath; Papke, Louisa M; Denic, Aleksandar; Weimer, Jill M; Carey, William A; Rodriguez, Moses

    2015-01-01

    Neonatal white matter injury (nWMI) is an increasingly common cause of cerebral palsy that results predominantly from hypoxic injury to progenitor cells including those of the oligodendrocyte lineage. Existing mouse models of nWMI utilize prolonged periods of hypoxia during the neonatal period, require complex cross-fostering and exhibit poor growth and high mortality rates. Abnormal CNS myelin composition serves as the major explanation for persistent neuro-motor deficits. Here we developed a simplified model of nWMI with low mortality rates and improved growth without cross-fostering. Neonatal mice are exposed to low oxygen from postnatal day (P) 3 to P7, which roughly corresponds to the period of human brain development between gestational weeks 32 and 36. CNS hypomyelination is detectable for 2-3 weeks post injury and strongly correlates with levels of body and brain weight loss. Immediately following hypoxia treatment, cell death was evident in multiple brain regions, most notably in superficial and deep cortical layers as well as the subventricular zone progenitor compartment. PDGFαR, Nkx2.2, and Olig2 positive oligodendrocyte progenitor cell were significantly reduced until postnatal day 27. In addition to CNS dysmyelination we identified a novel pathological marker for adult hypoxic animals that strongly correlates with life-long neuro-motor deficits. Mice reared under hypoxia reveal an abnormal spinal neuron composition with increased small and medium diameter axons and decreased large diameter axons in thoracic lateral and anterior funiculi. Differences were particularly pronounced in white matter motor tracts left and right of the anterior median fissure. Our findings suggest that 4 days of exposure to hypoxia are sufficient to induce experimental nWMI in CD1 mice, thus providing a model to test new therapeutics. Pathological hallmarks of this model include early cell death, decreased OPCs and hypomyelination in early postnatal life, followed by dysmyelination, abnormal spinal neuron composition, and neuro-motor deficits in adulthood.

  18. Spanish Multicenter Normative Studies (NEURONORMA Project): norms for the visual object and space perception battery-abbreviated, and judgment of line orientation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peña-Casanova, Jordi; Quintana-Aparicio, María; Quiñones-Ubeda, Sonia; Aguilar, Miquel; Molinuevo, José Luis; Serradell, Mónica; Robles, Alfredo; Barquero, María Sagrario; Villanueva, Clara; Antúnez, Carmen; Martínez-Parra, Carlos; Frank-García, Anna; Aguilar, María Dolores; Fernández, Manuel; Alfonso, Verónica; Sol, Josep M; Blesa, Rafael

    2009-06-01

    This study forms part of the Spanish Multicenter Normative Studies (NEURONORMA project). Normative data for people aged over 49 years are presented for selected tasks of the visual object and space perception battery (VOSP) and for the judgment of line orientation (JLO) test. Age-adjusted norms were derived from a sample of 341 participants who are cognitively normal and community-dwelling. Age- and education-adjusted norms are also provided. Years of education were modeled on age-scaled scores to derive regression equations that were applied for further demographic adjustments. The normative information provided here should prove useful for characterizing and interpreting individual test performances as well as comparing the scores from these tests with any other test using NEURONORMA norms.

  19. Compact exhaust gas boilers. Investigation of heat transfer and pressure drop for serrated finned tubes. (Abbreviated edition); Kompakte avgasskjeler. Undersoekelse av varmeovergang og trykktap for serraterte finnede roer. (Forkortet utgave.)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Midtbust, H.O.; Naess, E.

    1995-07-03

    This report discusses investigations of pressure drops and heat transfer in cross-current flow of gases (air) on bundles of serrated finned tubes. For the various geometries the tube spacing and tube diameter varied while the geometry of the fins remained unchanged. Pressure drop and heat transfer were measured at six different air flows for each geometry, and the results compared with available correlations from the literature. The measurements are at variance with the correlations and indicate that the pressure loss coefficient for all the tested geometries are less influenced by the flow conditions (air speed) than predicted by the correlations. Compared with the correlation recommended by the tube supplier (Weierman`s correlation) the measured results are mostly somewhat higher than predicted for the larger air flows. The maximum observed deviation is 70%. The deviation between the published pressure loss correlations is also considerable. The heat transfer measurements agree qualitatively with the published correlations with respect to the flow conditions. Comparison with the heat transfer correlation recommended by the tube supplier indicates that the correlation over-predicts the heat transfer quite considerably. The deviation increases systematically with reduced tube diameter and with increased angle of the tube arrangement. 16 figs., 7 tabs.

  20. 汉语现行盲文双音节同音词简写的研究%A Study on the Abbreviation of Double-syllable Homonyms in Current Chinese Braille

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华

    2007-01-01

    双音节词占现代汉语词汇的绝对多数,现行盲文混淆词也主要是双音节词.对现行盲文双音节同音词进行简写能够提高盲文的阅读、书写速度,能够区分同音词.本研究在5,000常用词内筛选出需要简写的同音词39组,首音节必须标调的同音词4组,极高频同音词9组,四字同调词10组,其他高频同音词16组.本研究中,57个词是通过约定标调方式进行简写的,10个词是通过加一方(第23点)进行简写的.

  1. A Research on the Abbreviation of Frequently Used Double-syllables in Current Chinese Braille%汉语现行盲文双音节高频词的简写研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华

    2008-01-01

    双音节高频词是汉语盲文简写方案的主体.声声简写符合汉语拼音的特点,与多数计算机输入法相吻合.前加点是英语盲文简写的常见形式.现行盲文也可以在被简写词的核心符号前加点、后加点进行简写.本研究实现了双音节词与简写符号的一一对应,词形是固定的,声调符号也暗含其中.简写符号既不存在读音猜谜、也不存在词义猜谜问题.

  2. 汉语现行盲文单音节的简写研究%Research on the Abbreviation of Uni-syllables in Currently-used Chinese Braille

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华; 韩萍; 李伟洪; 金惠淑; 肖航; 孔志清; 李任炜

    2007-01-01

    现行盲文的简写研究应在继承基本方案简写因素的基础上创新,在兼顾拼音规律与盲文摸读规律的基础上提高简写效益.唇音"b、p、m、f"表示音节"bu、pu、mu、fu"的简写;舌尖中音"d、t、n、l"表示"的"、"他"、"能"、"了"的简写;舌面后音"g、k、h"表示音节"ge、ke、he"的简写.单音节的简写都可以根据相应的规则应用在多音节词中.

  3. Optimization Abbreviation Design for Multi-syllable Words in Current-using Chinese Braille%现行盲文多音节词简写的优选设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华

    2009-01-01

    现行盲文多音节词的简写只能使用多方符号的组合.同时具备三个优选条件的符号组合才能作为多音节词简写的优选符号.符合四个优选条件之一的常用词即可作为优选简写词,通过简写效率公式进行定量分析,通过语言学家、盲文专家进行定性分析,再征求10所实验盲校师生的意见,优选设计了71个多音节词的简写符号.在记忆负担较小的前提下,总简写效率达到了7.57%.

  4. 车载小型除氚装置催化氧化床设计%Design of the Oxidation Catalysis Bed for an Abbreviated Facility Carrying by an Autotruck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘昌法; 王佑君; 侯立安

    2006-01-01

    通过对目前国内外除氚方法的研究,采用负载型Pd贵金属催化剂,设计了一种适合特殊环境条件下的车载小型催化氧化除氚装置.本文详细阐述了装置的设计方法,原理及一般原则,并通过计算机系统仿真对装置的处理效果检验,达到了设计要求,满足了特殊环境的需要.

  5. 广播电视媒体使用外文缩略语的受众态度调查%A Survey on Audience Attitudes Towards Foreign Abbreviations in Radio and Television Broadcasting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张荻

    2015-01-01

    本文采用问卷法对广播电视媒体使用外文缩略语的受众态度进行调查,调查分为四个部分:受众对外文缩略语的知晓和使用情况,受众对广播电视使用外文缩略语的态度,受众自身使用习惯是否影响其对媒体的态度,不同群体的态度差异和影响因素测量.调查结论明确了受众的语言态度,可为广播电视媒体外文缩略语的使用规范提供参考.

  6. The Impact of Postmodernism on the Phenomenon of Deconstructive Abbreviation in Russian%后现代主义对俄语去缩略语化现象的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈欢; 杨可

    2011-01-01

    受西方后现代主义思潮的影响,当代俄语中出现了一些新的语言现象或者原有的语言现象的活跃化过程,其中包括去缩略语化现象的活跃化过程.本文具体分析了后现代主义思潮及其流派解构主义对俄语去缩略语化过程的影响,从深层次揭示了去缩略语化现象的生成机制和建构本质.

  7. Progress on Radioactive Waste Treatment Facilities Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In 2011, five projects were undertaken by radioactive waste projects management department, which are "Cold Commissioning of the Pilot Project on Radioactive Waste Retrieval and Conditioning (abbreviation 'Pilot Project')", "Radioactive Ventilation Project Construction (abbreviation 'Ventilation

  8. Side-channel Analysis of Subscriber Identity Modules

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    12 ADF application dedicated file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 ADN Abbreviated Dialing...storage are the Abbreviated Dialing Numbers ( ADN ) and Last Numbers Dialed (LND) files. The ADN file contains 5 standard phonebook-style name-number

  9. 76 FR 79701 - Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 70 New Drug Applications and 97...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... 70 New Drug Applications and 97 Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Correction AGENCY: Food and Drug... withdrawal of approval of 70 new drug applications (NDAs) and 97 abbreviated new drug applications...

  10. Acronym master list

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This document is a master list of acronyms and other abbreviations that are used by or could be useful to, the personnel at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Many specialized and well-known abbreviations are not included in this list.

  11. Water-Quality Data, Huron County, Michigan 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    of Agriculture (2005). Abbreviations: CAS, Chemical Abstract Service; RL, Reporting Level; mrl, minimum reporting level; irl, interim reporting...Abbreviations: CAS, Chemical Abstract Service; RL, Reporting Level; mrl, minimum reporting level; irl, interim reporting level; F, fungicide; H, herbicide...Abbreviations: CAS, Chemical Abstract Service; RL, Reporting Level; mrl, minimum reporting level; irl, interim reporting level; F, fungicide; H, herbicide

  12. 21 CFR 25.33 - Animal drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... on an NADA, abbreviated application, request for determination of eligibility for indexing, a... chapter for other uses. (b) [Reserved] (c) Action on an NADA, abbreviated application, request for... the environment. (d) Action on an NADA, abbreviated application, request for determination of...

  13. 77 FR 26607 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Electric Motors and Small Electric Motors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    ... II.2--Summary of SNOPR Commenters Company Abbreviation Interested party type Baldor Electric Co Baldor Manufacturer. WEG Electric WEG Manufacturer. Advanced Energy Advanced Energy Independent Test...

  14. Navy Occupational Health Information Management System (NOHIMS). Hazardous Materials Control Module. Operators’ Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-16

    and Abbreviations The following terms and abbreviations are used in this manual: o CAS ( Chemical Abstract Service) Number: A unique identification...number given to chemical substances by the Chemical Abstract Service o IHer: The Industrial Hygienist at the medical facility o FileMan: The VA-s data

  15. Navy Occupational Health Information Management System (NOHIMS). Hazardous Materials Control Module. Users’ Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-16

    NAVSUP Publication 4500, July 1980 I-1 1.3 Terms and Abbreviations The following terms and abbreviations are used in this manual: o CAS ( Chemical Abstract Service...Number: A unique identification number given to chemical substances by the Chemical Abstract Service o IHer: The Industrial Hygienist at the

  16. Hesitating progress - the slow development toward algebraic symbolization in abbacus- and related manuscripts, c.1300 to c.1550

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høyrup, Jens

    From the early fourteenth century onward, some Italian Abbacus manuscripts begin to use particular abbreviations for algebraic operations and objects and, to be distinguished from that, examples of symbolic operation. The algebraic abbreviations and symbolic operations we find in German Rechenmei...

  17. Hesitating progress

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høyrup, Jens

    2010-01-01

    From the early fourteenth century onward, some Italian Abbacus manuscripts begin to use particular abbreviations for algebraic operations and objects and, to be distinguished from that, examples of symbolic operation. The algebraic abbreviations and symbolic operations we find in German Rechenmei...

  18. 75 FR 8963 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Reporting and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-26

    ... ``Cabinet X-Ray Annual Report'' FDA Form 3642 ``General Correspondence'' FDA Form 3643 ``Microwave Oven... Microwave Ovens'' FDA Form 3661 ``Guide for the Submission of an Abbreviated Report on X-Ray Tables, Cradles... Form 3663 ``Abbreviated Reports on Radiation Safety for Microwave Products (Other than Microwave...

  19. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field / Development of technology to treat aquatic environment by using microorganisms fixed on carbon fabrics (abbreviation: carbon/aquatic environment project) (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / tanso sen`i nansoshiki eno biseibutsu kochaku gensho wo riyoshita mizukankyo seibi gijutsu no kaihatsu (ryakusho: tanso mizu kankyo project) daiichi nendo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Out of the development of technology to arrange the aquatic environment using phenomena of microorganism fixation on carbon fiber soft textures, the paper stated the fiscal 1997 result. On carbon fibers in a state of swaying in water, microorganisms in water fix in an amazingly large quantity. A catalog was compiled of 58 kinds of carbon fabrics trially woven and knitted. When carbon fiber is used as activated sludge carrier, activity of microorganism lasts more than one year. Only a little amount of surplus sludge is generated. The fixed microorganisms are more active in case of carbon fiber than in case of nylon and polyester fibers. Fiber texture models of carbon fiber fixing activated sludge groups were proposed. By pump operation, the water flow inside/outside microorganism groups is being accelerated. Several new strains of bacillus carboniphilus were isolated/identified from soil and marsh. To grasp relationships of characteristics among three elements such as the state of aquatic environment, fiber, and microorganism group, the experiment was prepared. Preliminary work is conducted to derive a simple equation for facility design, and experimental directions to obtain design conditions were proposed. 6 refs., 166 figs., 47 tabs.

  20. Ontology-Based Data Mining in Digital Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovačević, Ana

    The paper proposes matching short forms (abbreviated titles from the citation report) with their corresponding longer ones (journal titles in the digital library). The main problem is that there are often a number of syntactically different abbreviated forms for one abbreviated title in the citation report. We use character- and token-based similarity metrics to identify duplicate records. Also, we improve the process of identifying syntactically different data with the automated discovery of ontological knowledge representations such as thesauri from correctly matched data.

  1. Should Internet Jargon Be Allowed in College Entrance Examinations?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Anyone who has chatted online knows that when the heat is on, brief is best. There is just no time to type out correctly spelled, grammatically gleaming sentenceswhen the gossip gallops across the keyboard. Symbols, jargon, abbreviations, similaritie

  2. 40 CFR 204.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... standard abbreviation for A-weighted sound level in decibels. (13) Reasonable assistance means providing... specified, otherwise A-weighting is understood. (16) Sound pressure level means, in decibels, 20 times...

  3. Antiglycation Activity of Otostegia persica (Burm.) Boiss

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2010-06-14

    Jun 14, 2010 ... Glycation and AGEP formation are also accompanied by the formation of free radicals via ... Abbreviations: DMSO, Dimethyl sulfoxide; BSA, bovine serum .... over silica gel and eluted with petroleum ether/EtOAc (58:42 and.

  4. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user1

    Abbreviations: BTL, Bilateral tubal Ligation; IUCD, Intra uterine contraceptive ... millennium, contraceptive prevalence rates in parts of Nigeria .... methods, with emphasis on the benefits, ... Oral contraceptive pills ... clients were teenagers.

  5. Terra Harvest Open Architecture Standard for Unattended Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Common Sensor Radio (1), Iridium, Broadband Global Area Network [ BGAN ], etc.) registered as communication services. An asset (sensor...2011. 13 List of Symbols, Abbreviations, and Acronyms APIs application programming interfaces BGAN Broadband Global Area Network DIA

  6. Experiment list: DRX014558 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  7. Experiment list: DRX014607 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  8. Experiment list: DRX014565 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C

  9. Experiment list: DRX014630 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  10. Experiment list: DRX014634 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  11. Experiment list: DRX014629 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/ob

  12. Experiment list: DRX014615 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  13. Experiment list: DRX014561 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  14. Experiment list: DRX014738 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK019 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C

  15. Experiment list: DRX014684 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK013 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C

  16. Experiment list: DRX014611 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  17. Experiment list: DRX014627 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available | tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/o

  18. Experiment list: DRX014562 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/

  19. Experiment list: DRX014631 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/ob

  20. Experiment list: DRX014628 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available | tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/o

  1. Experiment list: DRX014559 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  2. Experiment list: DRX014626 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  3. Experiment list: DRX014560 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  4. Experiment list: DRX014557 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/

  5. Experiment list: DRX014702 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK015 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018 |

  6. 78 FR 19271 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Metronidazole Vaginal Gel...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... Recommendations for Metronidazole Vaginal Gel; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Metronidazole Vaginal Gel.'' The... abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for metronidazole vaginal gel. DATES: Although you can comment...

  7. Test Operations Procedure (TOP) 05-2-543 Enhanced Flight Termination Receiver (EFTR) Range Certification Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-25

    flight. Inter-Range Instrumentation Group ( IRIG ) Original standing groups formed by the Range Commanders Council. The IRIG is an older term...APPENDIX F. ABBREVIATIONS. ID identification IF intermediate frequency IRD Interface Requirements Document IRIG Inter-Range Instrumentation

  8. Fungal Skin Infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Abbreviations Weights & Measures ENGLISH View Professional English Deutsch Japanese Espaniol Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, ... rash on the fingers. These eruptions ( dermatophytids , or identity or id reactions) are allergic reactions to the ...

  9. GIS and Its Use%地理信息系统在公共卫生中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宇

    2006-01-01

    @@ 1 Brief introduction of GIS GIS is the abbreviation of Geographic Information Systems. As organized data can be accessed by pointing to a region on a map, GIS has become useful in a wide variety of applications.

  10. Plant regeneration through somatic embryogenesis in three ethiopian Coffea arabica Lin. hybrids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RA Ramos

    2009-01-01

    Abbreviations: BA (6-benzyladenine; 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid; IBA (indole-3-butyric acid; MS (Murashige and Skoog; NAA (naphthaleneacetic acid, GA3 (Gibberellic acid, CV (Coefficient of variation, S.E (Standard error.

  11. 14 CFR 61.155 - Aeronautical knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... use of weather charts, maps, forecasts, sequence reports, abbreviations, and symbols; (5) National... meteorological conditions in the National Airspace System; (8) Air traffic control procedures and pilot...; (12) Aeronautical decision making and judgment; and (13) Crew resource management to include...

  12. 14 CFR 65.55 - Knowledge requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and use of weather charts, maps, forecasts, sequence reports, abbreviations, and symbols; (5) National... meteorological conditions in the National Airspace System; (8) Air traffic control procedures and pilot...; (12) Aeronautical decision making and judgment; and (13) Crew resource management, including...

  13. Overview of Malabsorption

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Abbreviations Weights & Measures ENGLISH View Professional English Deutsch Japanese Espaniol Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, ... Interferes with the absorption of nutrients Digestion of food can be affected by disorders that prevent adequate ...

  14. Travelers' Health: Japanese Encephalitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Awaiting FDA assessment Abbreviation: IM, intramuscular; FDA, US Food and Drug Administration 1 If potential for JE virus exposure continues. Table 3-07. Risk for Japanese encephalitis (JE), by country 1 COUNTRY AFFECTED AREAS ...

  15. Smell and Taste Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Abbreviations Weights & Measures ENGLISH View Professional English Deutsch Japanese Espaniol Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, ... because they can affect the ability to enjoy food and drink and to appreciate pleasant aromas. They ...

  16. Overview of Poisoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Abbreviations Weights & Measures ENGLISH View Professional English Deutsch Japanese Espaniol Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, ... Insecticide Poisoning Iron Poisoning Lead Poisoning Overview of Food Poisoning Mushroom (Toadstool) Poisoning Plant and Shrub Poisoning ...

  17. Eye movements when reading text messaging (txt msgng).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perea, Manuel; Acha, Joana; Carreiras, Manuel

    2009-08-01

    The growing popularity of mobile-phone technology has led to changes in the way people--particularly younger people--communicate. A clear example of this is the advent of Short Message Service (SMS) language, which includes orthographic abbreviations (e.g., omitting vowels, as in wk, week) and phonetic respelling (e.g., using u instead of you). In the present study, we examined the pattern of eye movements during reading of SMS sentences (e.g., my hols wr gr8), relative to normally written sentences, in a sample of skilled "texters". SMS sentences were created by using (mostly) orthographic or phonological abbreviations. Results showed that there is a reading cost--both at a local level and at a global level--for individuals who are highly expert in SMS language. Furthermore, phonological abbreviations resulted in a greater cost than orthographic abbreviations.

  18. Fatty Liver

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Abbreviations Weights & Measures ENGLISH View Professional English Deutsch Japanese Espaniol Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, ... inside liver cells. Just consuming a high-fat diet does not result in fatty liver. Rarely, fat ...

  19. Fractures of the Jaw and Midface

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Abbreviations Weights & Measures ENGLISH View Professional English Deutsch Japanese Espaniol Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, ... so doctors prescribe a liquid or soft-food diet. More severe fractures (such as those with breaks ...

  20. Keratomalacia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Abbreviations Weights & Measures ENGLISH View Professional English Deutsch Japanese Espaniol Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, ... and usually insufficient protein and calories in the diet. Locating the Cornea The surface of the conjunctiva ( ...

  1. Alcoholic Liver Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Abbreviations Weights & Measures ENGLISH View Professional English Deutsch Japanese Espaniol Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, ... that develop after people stop drinking. A nutritious diet and vitamin supplements (especially B vitamins) are important ...

  2. Overview of Tooth Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Abbreviations Weights & Measures ENGLISH View Professional English Deutsch Japanese Espaniol Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, ... Abnormal tooth enamel may be due to a diet containing insufficient vitamin D, as in rickets . Abnormal ...

  3. Keratoconus Treatment Options

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... vision better. Learn more … Rigid Gas Permeable Contact Lenses Rigid Gas Permeable Contact Lenses (abbreviated to RGP or GP) will correct vision as KC progresses. The rigid lens material enables the lens to vault over the ...

  4. Maturation of the immune response

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Altena, van S.E.C.; Meijer, B.; Savelkoul, H.F.J.

    2014-01-01

    The innate immune system depends on features like extracellular and intracellular pattern recognition receptors (PRR) that recognize general molecular patterns. Different types of PRR have been described, identifying microbe-, pathogen-, and danger-associated molecular patterns (abbreviated as MAMP,

  5. 21 CFR 310.530 - Topically applied hormone-containing drug products for over-the-counter (OTC) human use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... for marketing. In the absence of an approved new drug application or abbreviated new drug application... delivered for introduction into interstate commerce that is not in compliance with this section is...

  6. 18 excel spreadsheets by species and year giving reproduction and growth data. One excel spreadsheet of herbicide treatment chemistry.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Excel spreadsheets by species (4 letter code is abbreviation for genus and species used in study, year 2010 or 2011 is year data collected, SH indicates data for...

  7. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user1

    Abbreviations: APTT, Activated partial thromoplastin time; MCS, Microscopy, culture, and sensitivity ... RESULTS: Acute dental abscess, trauma, bleeding and pain in ..... Clinical diagnosis of the condition based on adequate history and clinical.

  8. Application of Economy Principle in News English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘红

    2016-01-01

    The economy principle of language obtained full manifestation in news English. This paper presents major ways in which people make news English economic, i.e. using short words, abbreviations, affixes, compounds and words with extended meanings and conversions.

  9. A translational research intervention to reduce screen behaviours and promote physical activity among children: Switch-2-Activity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salmon, J.; Jorna, M.; Hume, C.; Arundell, L.; Chahine, N.; Tienstra, M.L.; Crawford, D.

    2011-01-01

    Translational or implementation research that assesses the effectiveness of strategies to promote health behaviours among children that have been previously tested under 'ideal' conditions is rarely reported. Switch-2-Activity aimed to examine the effectiveness of an abbreviated programme delivered

  10. cal lymphadenopathy among HIV-infected

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    more resources, and a longer time to diagnosis. .... Abbreviations: HIV, Human Immunodeficiency virus; Pts-patients, ZN, Zeihl ..... A similar finding was reported by Hayes in a suspected .... United Kingdom and Mengo hospital management.

  11. Effects of different fruit juices used as carbon source on cucumber ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jane

    2011-07-25

    Jul 25, 2011 ... human beings. This crop can serve ... Abbreviations: MS, Murashige and Skoog; B5 Vit, vitamins B. 5; Chl ... Normally, plant growth requires carbohydrate as a source of free .... Supplement of juices enhanced the growth rate ...

  12. Photovoltaic energy systems: Program summary fiscal year 1983

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    An overview of government funded activities in photovoltaic energy conversion research is given. Introductory information, a list of directing organizations, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, and an index of current contractors are given.

  13. 16 CFR 23.17 - Misrepresentation of weight and “total weight.”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and “total weight.” (a) It is unfair or deceptive to misrepresent the weight of a diamond. (b) It is unfair or deceptive to use the word “point” or any abbreviation in any representation, advertising...

  14. ATHENA'S PAGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raveenthiran V

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Athena stands for abbreviation of Abstracting and Thoughtful Evaluation of Neonatal Articles; but it is also personified by the contributor. Like Athena of Greek mythology, she distills wisdom from published literature.

  15. Biosimilar monoclonal antibodies : The scientific basis for extrapolation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schellekens, Huub; Lietzan, Erika; Faccin, Freddy; Venema, Jaap

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Biosimilars are biologic products that receive authorization based on an abbreviated regulatory application containing comparative quality and nonclinical and clinical data that demonstrate similarity to a licensed biologic product. Extrapolation of safety and efficacy has emerged as a

  16. 77 FR 8883 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Scientific Considerations in Demonstrating Biosimilarity to a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... protein product is biosimilar to a reference product for the purpose of submitting a marketing application... purpose of submitting a marketing application through the abbreviated licensure pathway under section...

  17. International Financial Reporting Standards and differential reporting

    OpenAIRE

    Jarvis, Robin; Collis, Jill

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the international development of financial reporting standards for smaller entities from a UK perspective. It examines the three elements of differential reporting: abbreviated accounts, the Financial Reporting Standard for Smaller Entities and exemption from the statutory audit.

  18. African Journal of Neurological Sciences: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Education Experimental Studies Pathology Report Anatomic Report Surgical Anatomy ... abbreviated according to the Index Medicus, and inclusive page numbers. ... the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

  19. Caveat Chemicus: Practical Guidance to Searching Chemical Abstracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Dana L.

    1998-01-01

    Provides tips on searching Chemical Abstracts (CA). Discusses coverage, indexing policies, differences between the print and online versions, transliterations, arrangement of the print indexes, abbreviations, and importance of the CA Index Guide for effective searching. (MES)

  20. Water SA: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A paper may be organised under main headings such as Abstract, ... References should be cited in the text as follows: Smith (1982) or (Smith, ... Titles of journals of periodicals are abbreviated according to Chemical Abstracts Service Source ...

  1. A Criticism of Doyle's survey of time preference: A correction regarding the CRDI and CADI families

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Bleichrodt

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Doyle's (2013 theoretical survey of discount functions criticizes two parametric families abbreviated as CRDI and CADI families. We show that Doyle's criticisms are based on a mathematical mistake and are incorrect.

  2. A Criticism of Doyle's survey of time preference: A correction regarding the CRDI and CADI families

    OpenAIRE

    Han Bleichrodt; Potter van Loon, Rogier J. D.; Kirsten I.M. Rohde; Wakker, Peter P.

    2013-01-01

    Doyle's (2013) theoretical survey of discount functions criticizes two parametric families abbreviated as CRDI and CADI families. We show that Doyle's criticisms are based on a mathematical mistake and are incorrect.

  3. SASL: A Semantic Annotation System for Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Pingpeng; Wang, Guoyin; Zhang, Qin; Jin, Hai

    Due to ambiguity, search engines for scientific literatures may not return right search results. One efficient solution to the problems is to automatically annotate literatures and attach the semantic information to them. Generally, semantic annotation requires identifying entities before attaching semantic information to them. However, due to abbreviation and other reasons, it is very difficult to identify entities correctly. The paper presents a Semantic Annotation System for Literature (SASL), which utilizes Wikipedia as knowledge base to annotate literatures. SASL mainly attaches semantic to terminology, academic institutions, conferences, and journals etc. Many of them are usually abbreviations, which induces ambiguity. Here, SASL uses regular expressions to extract the mapping between full name of entities and their abbreviation. Since full names of several entities may map to a single abbreviation, SASL introduces Hidden Markov Model to implement name disambiguation. Finally, the paper presents the experimental results, which confirm SASL a good performance.

  4. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and simple sequence ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2011-06-06

    Jun 6, 2011 ... The discrimination ability of individual markers was also determined. ... Abbreviations: PIC, Polymorphism information content; RAPD, random ..... funded by the Mini- stry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic ...

  5. Croton grewioides Baill. (Euphorbiaceae shows antidiarrheal activity in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Dayse Soares da Silva

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviations Used: CG-EtOH: crude ethanolic extract obtained from the aerial parts of C. grewioides; WHO: World Health Organization; ED50: dose of a drug that produces 50% of its maximum effect; Emax: maximum effect

  6. A translational research intervention to reduce screen behaviours and promote physical activity among children: Switch-2-Activity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Salmon, J.; Jorna, M.; Hume, C.; Arundell, L.; Chahine, N.; Tienstra, M.L.; Crawford, D.

    2011-01-01

    Translational or implementation research that assesses the effectiveness of strategies to promote health behaviours among children that have been previously tested under 'ideal' conditions is rarely reported. Switch-2-Activity aimed to examine the effectiveness of an abbreviated programme delivered

  7. 40 CFR 417.41 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to...-10 percent crude glycerine and 90-22 percent water that is a by-product of saponification or...

  8. 78 FR 56718 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioanalytical Method Validation; Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-13

    ... revising the guidance to reflect advancements in the science and technology of bioanalytical method... to some studies related to the veterinary drug approval process (Investigational New Animal Drugs (INADs), New Animal Drug Applications (NADAs), and Abbreviated New Animal Drug Applications...

  9. 75 FR 33311 - Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products; Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-11

    ... Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products.'' This guidance... bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs). Under this process,...

  10. 78 FR 73199 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Studies With Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Studies With Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs Submitted Under an Abbreviated New Drug Application; Availability AGENCY: Food... guidances to industry on ``Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Studies for Orally Administered Drug...

  11. Phytotoxic characterization of various fractions of Launaea ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2011-06-15

    Jun 15, 2011 ... Abbreviations: DMSO, Dimethyl sulfoxide; LPME, Launaea procumbens ... 1, non treated control; 2, n-hexane fraction; 3, ethyl acetate fraction; ... fractionated using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, chloroform, butanol and distilled ...

  12. 77 FR 7585 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Rifaximin Tablets; Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence... industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Rifaximin,'' one for the 200- milligram (mg... specific guidance on the design of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug...

  13. 77 FR 58399 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence... guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium.'' The recommendations provide specific guidance on the design of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated...

  14. 78 FR 55263 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Fluticasone Propionate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence... availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Fluticasone... bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for fluticasone...

  15. 77 FR 7586 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendation for Nitroglycerin Metered Spray...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendation... Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of two draft guidances for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence... of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for...

  16. 78 FR 73200 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Paliperidone Palmitate Extended...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence... the availability of a revised draft guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations... bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for paliperidone...

  17. 78 FR 52777 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Risperidone Injection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-26

    ... on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Risperidone Injection; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug... provides specific recommendations on the design of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new... availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific...

  18. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ultrasound Evaluation of Intima-Media Thickness of Carotid Arteries in ... Abbreviations: BP, Blood Pressure; CIMT, Carotid Intima-Media Thickness; HT, Hypertension; IMT, Intima-Media Thickness; ..... Ministry of Health and Social Services,.

  19. School Readiness and the Draw-a-Man Test: An Empiricaly Derived Alternative to Harris' Scoring System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simner, Marvin L.

    1985-01-01

    An abbreviated scoring system for the Goodenough-Harris Draw-A-Man Test found that three items had the same overall potential for correctly identifying at-risk kindergarteners as more time-consuming scoring methods. (CL)

  20. WAJM 29(2) LATEST.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user1

    Prevalence and Pattern of Renal Bone Disease in End Stage Renal Disease ... Abbreviations: CKD, Chronic kidney disease; CRF, Chronic renal failure; ESRD, ... growth or strength and/or (iii) vascular ..... histology with parathyroid hormone,.

  1. Geomagnetic Principal Magnetic Storms

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The abbreviations used for observatory names are as follows: GEOMAGNETIC OBSERVATORIES Code Station Geomagnetic Latitude ABG Alibag AMS Martin de Vivie. These data...

  2. Chemical components from Aloe and their inhibition of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ya Nan Sun

    2017-01-01

    Abbreviation used: IDO: inhibit indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase, TMS: tetramethylsilane, HMQC: heteronuclear multiple quantum correlation, HMBC: heteronuclear multiple bond correlation, COSY: 1H-1H correlation spectroscopy, ESI-MS: Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, DMSO: dimethyl sulfoxide

  3. Annual report 2005 - Furnas Centrais Eletricas S.A

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-12-15

    This progress report covers the year of 2005 general activity approaching the following areas: acronyms abbreviations and concepts, company profile, main indicators, company business, corporate performance, corporate governance and sustainable development.

  4. Nanomaterials Commercialization Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    PSU. The:: lirsl are terpolymers of vinylidene fluoride (VDP). trit1uoroethy lene ( l’rfi’E), and chlorofluorocthylcnc ( CFE ) or...OF ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS, AND SYMBOLS (cont’d) Acronym Description TrFE Trifluoroethylene CFE Chlorofluoroethylene CTFE

  5. Assessment of antibacterial activity of crude leaf and root extracts of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Materials and methods: Ether and methanol extracts were prepared from the plant parts. ... ether extracts in DMSO and methanol extracts in water were tested using agar-well diffusion ..... Abbreviations: DMSO, Dimethyl sulphioxide; MTM,.

  6. 40 CFR 424.51 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS FERROALLOY MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Other Calcium Carbide Furnaces Subcategory § 424.51... definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart....

  7. Using UHPLC and UV-vis fingerprint method to evaluate substitutes for Swertia mileensis: An endangered medicinal plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Li

    2017-01-01

    Abbreviation used: UHPLC: Ultra high performance liquid chromatography, UV-vis: Ultraviolet-vis, HBV: Anti-hepatitis virus, DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid, PCA: Principal component analysis, D-GaIN: D-Galactosamine, BCG: Bacille Calmette-Guerin, LPS: Lipopolysaccharide

  8. Gravitational Lens: Deep Space Probe Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    List of Abbreviations Abbreviation Page FSM Focal Space Mission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 CMB Cosmic Microwave...concert with the sun’s gravitational lens to image nearby solar systems and/or other pertinent astronomical objects, e.g. the Cosmic Microwave Background...CMB) radiation. 1.2 Thesis Objective In Deep Space Flight and Communications Claudio Maccone uses the mass, radius , mean density, and Schwarzschild

  9. Design Guidelines for the User Interface to Computer-Based Information Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    rules involving word contraction with omission of vowels , etc.i. Reference: Moses and Ehrenreich, 1981. -16 Abbreviation Length -16 Abbreviations should...may be said that rather less is known about data display, and information assimilation by the user, than about data entry. In current information...Objectives: Consistency of data display Efficient information assimilation by the user Minimal memory load on user Compatibility of data display with data

  10. Servitization, Services and Managing Complexity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harjo, Ieva; Frandsen, Thomas; Hsuan, Juliana

    This paper explores how seemingly complex servitized solutions can become tradable in a customer–supplier relationship by objectification and abbreviation. The key argument is that the complexity of product-service solutions can be reduced by abbreviation of the reality in written form of contracts...... and agreements that allow for customization while making the offer more comprehensible for customers and more manageable for suppliers. Preliminary results from an exploratory case study are presented....

  11. Comparison of Platelet Transfusion as Fresh Whole Blood Versus Apheresis Platelets for Massively Transfused Combat Trauma patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    T R A N S F U S I O N P R A C T I C E Comparison of platelet transfusion as fresh whole blood versus apheresis platelets for massively transfused...is able to provide blood products to include apheresis platelets (aPLT), but also has extensive experience using fresh whole blood (FWB). In massively...bleeding, resuscitation with blood products is an ABBREVIATIONS: AIS(s) = Abbreviated Injury Scale(s); aPLT = apheresis platelets; ARDS = adult

  12. Corrigendum to "A pathway-based network analysis of hypertension-related genes" [Physica A 444 (2016) 928-939

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huan; Hu, Jing-Bo; Xu, Chuan-Yun; Zhang, De-Hai; Yan, Qian; Xu, Ming; Cao, Ke-Fei; Zhang, Xu-Sheng

    2016-04-01

    The authors regret that the letter "l" in the gene Creb3l2 was typed incorrectly as the number "1" three times in the published paper. In this paper, the number of abbreviations used for genes should be nine because "Col4a2_predicted" was also abbreviated as "Col4a2". Additionally, there were three minor errors in the production of the paper. The corrections are as follows:

  13. Aportación a la estética de la fabula greco-latina: analisis y valoracion de la breuitas fedriana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Chaparro Gómez

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available The technique of abbreviation in Phaedrus is a device that the fable-teller uses in the re-writing of his models from a moral point of view. Phaedrus’ breuitas is of a selective nature (breuitas selectiua as opposed to breuitas compendiosa: this involves the abbreviation of elements that do not contain any moral evaluation and, as a counterweight, the expanding of those that are useful for such an evaluation.

  14. Selected Topics from LVCSR Research for Asian Languages at Tokyo Tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furui, Sadaoki

    This paper presents our recent work in regard to building Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition (LVCSR) systems for the Thai, Indonesian, and Chinese languages. For Thai, since there is no word boundary in the written form, we have proposed a new method for automatically creating word-like units from a text corpus, and applied topic and speaking style adaptation to the language model to recognize spoken-style utterances. For Indonesian, we have applied proper noun-specific adaptation to acoustic modeling, and rule-based English-to-Indonesian phoneme mapping to solve the problem of large variation in proper noun and English word pronunciation in a spoken-query information retrieval system. In spoken Chinese, long organization names are frequently abbreviated, and abbreviated utterances cannot be recognized if the abbreviations are not included in the dictionary. We have proposed a new method for automatically generating Chinese abbreviations, and by expanding the vocabulary using the generated abbreviations, we have significantly improved the performance of spoken query-based search.

  15. Preparation and Behaviour of New Materials for Percutaneous Access

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The reinforcing effects on hydroxyapatite ( abbreviated HA ) of phosphate glass additives were researched. The samples of reinforced HA ( abbreviated RHA ) and control material were prepared and then percutaneously implanted in the skin of experiment animal. The histomorphology of the part skin tissue were observed.By a biomimetic process, the method and conditions of forming HA coating on the surface of medical silicon rubber(abbreviated MSR) were studied. The results illustrate that the phosphate glass additives have obvious reinforcing effects on HA. In the percutaneous implantation test, neither clear infiltration of inflammatory cells nor marked downgrowth of epidermis was observed for the part tissue surrounded RHA. The surface modification of MSR for percutaneous access could be attained by biomimetic synthesis of HA coating.

  16. Glossary to ARCH (GARCH)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bollerslev, Tim

    The literature on modeling and forecasting time-varying volatility is ripe with acronyms and abbreviations used to describe the many different parametric models that have been put forth since the original linear ARCH model introduced in the seminal Nobel Prize winning paper by Engle (1982......).  The present paper provides an easy-to-use encyclopedic reference guide to this long list of ARCH acronyms.  In addition to the acronyms associated with specific parametric models, I have also included descriptions of various abbreviations associated with more general statistical procedures and ideas...

  17. Sorting variables for each case: a new algorithm to calculate injury severity score (ISS) using SPSS-PC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linn, S

    One of the more often used measures of multiple injuries is the injury severity score (ISS). Determination of the ISS is based on the abbreviated injury scale (AIS). This paper suggests a new algorithm to sort the AISs for each case and calculate ISS. The program uses unsorted abbreviated injury scale (AIS) levels for each case and rearranges them in descending order. The first three sorted AISs representing the three most severe injuries of a person are then used to calculate injury severity score (ISS). This algorithm should be useful for analyses of clusters of injuries especially when more patients have multiple injuries.

  18. Efficacy of 8- and 4-Session Mindfulness-Based Interventions in a Non-clinical Population: A Controlled Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demarzo, Marcelo; Montero-Marin, Jesus; Puebla-Guedea, Marta; Navarro-Gil, Mayte; Herrera-Mercadal, Paola; Moreno-González, Sergio; Calvo-Carrión, Sandra; Bafaluy-Franch, Laura; Garcia-Campayo, Javier

    2017-01-01

    Background: Many attempts have been made to abbreviate mindfulness programmes in order to make them more accessible for general and clinical populations while maintaining their therapeutic components and efficacy. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of an 8-week mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) programme and a 4-week abbreviated version for the improvement of well-being in a non-clinical population. Method: A quasi-experimental, controlled, pilot study was conducted with pre-post and 6-month follow-up measurements and three study conditions (8- and 4-session MBI programmes and a matched no-treatment control group, with a sample of 48, 46, and 47 participants in each condition, respectively). Undergraduate students were recruited, and mindfulness, positive and negative affect, self-compassion, resilience, anxiety, and depression were assessed. Mixed-effects multi-level analyses for repeated measures were performed. Results: The intervention groups showed significant improvements compared to controls in mindfulness and positive affect at the 2- and 6-month follow-ups, with no differences between 8- vs. 4-session programmes. The only difference between the abbreviated MBI vs. the standard MBI was found in self-kindness at 6 months, favoring the standard MBI. There were marginal differences in anxiety between the controls vs. the abbreviated MBI, but there were differences between the controls vs. the standard MBI at 2- and 6-months, with higher levels in the controls. There were no differences in depression between the controls vs. the abbreviated MBI, but differences were found between the controls vs. the standard MBI at 2- and 6-months, favoring the standard MBI. There were no differences with regard to negative affect and resilience. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first study to directly investigate the efficacy of a standard 8-week MBI and a 4-week abbreviated protocol in the same population. Based on our findings, both programmes

  19. Freud in China: An Interview with Wang Ning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Evan Osnos

    2011-01-01

    0 (Abbreviation of Osnos) : How did you become focused on Freud? W (Abbreviation of Wang Ning) : I found that many of the American writers were greatly influenced by psychoanalysis, especially by Freud. So I took some time reading some of the books written by Freud, such as Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, Beyond the Pleasure Principles and An Autobiographi- cal Study. And in 1983, I attended a conference, a national conference on psychoanalysis in Nanjing and submitted a paper on Freudian influence on modern and contemporary Western literature.

  20. Glossary to ARCH (GARCH)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bollerslev, Tim

    The literature on modeling and forecasting time-varying volatility is ripe with acronyms and abbreviations used to describe the many different parametric models that have been put forth since the original linear ARCH model introduced in the seminal Nobel Prize winning paper by Engle (1982......).  The present paper provides an easy-to-use encyclopedic reference guide to this long list of ARCH acronyms.  In addition to the acronyms associated with specific parametric models, I have also included descriptions of various abbreviations associated with more general statistical procedures and ideas...

  1. Dust-control for thick-seam wall mines.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Belle, BK

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available the procedures and process used in SIMRAC projects COL 518 and COL 603. 4 List of abbreviations, symbols and terms Abbreviations ARD Airborne Respirable Dust AS Australian Standards AFC Armoured Face Conveyor COM Chamber of Mines CFD Computational Fluid... Loader • Armoured Face Conveyor (AFC) • Roof Supports Figure 2.1 Perspective and close-up views of a longwall mining system (Source: Joy Mining Machinery) Coal Plough: In the early years of longwall mining, the coal plough was widely used...

  2. Estudos das abreviaturas dos documentos de Capivari do século XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosicleide Rodrigues Garcia

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article, which is part of the thesis Formation and expansion of the caipira dialect from Capivari written under the direction of Prof. Dr. Manoel Mourivaldo Santiago Almeida from the Universidade de São Paulo, employs a philological basis to edit 75 official folios written during the 19th century in Capivari in order to prove the fidedignity of the documents and to help the researchers in Philology who study calligraphy and abbreviations. With the aim of helping future studies, this article displays facsimilar reproductions of abbreviations.

  3. FY 1988 Budget: A brief look

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzoff, Judith A.

    Research funding fared relatively well in the abbreviated budget proposal for fiscal year (FY) 1988 that was submitted to Congress by the Reagan administration on January 5, 1987. Under the plan, funding of civilian basic research is proposed to increase by 4.5% over the FY 1987 level. This budget proposal, the first ever to top the $1-trillion mark, was released 1 month earlier than past proposals, in compliance with the new timetable established by the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings deficit control legislation passed in 1985. Because of the earlier deadline, the proposal was presented in abbreviated form, with a promise that more details will be made available in late January.

  4. Extremophilic Enzymatic Response for Protection against UV-Radiation Damage

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-17

    abbreviations used in figure 8, 10 and 11. Table 1. Abbreviations used in figure from 8, 10 and 11. A) B) TC Total cells extract CFE Total cells...2, 23oC NI TC; Lane 3, 23oC I TC; Lane 4, 37oC NI TC; Lane 5, 37oC I TC; Lane 6, markers ; Lane 7, 23oC NI CFE ; Lane 8, 23oC I CFE ; Lane 9, 37oC NI... CFE ; Lane 10, 37oC I CFE . In addition, after sod expression was confirmed by SDS-PAGE, we proceed with the recombinant protein purification, by

  5. Efficacy of 8- and 4-Session Mindfulness-Based Interventions in a Non-clinical Population: A Controlled Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demarzo, Marcelo; Montero-Marin, Jesus; Puebla-Guedea, Marta; Navarro-Gil, Mayte; Herrera-Mercadal, Paola; Moreno-González, Sergio; Calvo-Carrión, Sandra; Bafaluy-Franch, Laura; Garcia-Campayo, Javier

    2017-01-01

    Background: Many attempts have been made to abbreviate mindfulness programmes in order to make them more accessible for general and clinical populations while maintaining their therapeutic components and efficacy. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of an 8-week mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) programme and a 4-week abbreviated version for the improvement of well-being in a non-clinical population. Method: A quasi-experimental, controlled, pilot study was conducted with pre-post and 6-month follow-up measurements and three study conditions (8- and 4-session MBI programmes and a matched no-treatment control group, with a sample of 48, 46, and 47 participants in each condition, respectively). Undergraduate students were recruited, and mindfulness, positive and negative affect, self-compassion, resilience, anxiety, and depression were assessed. Mixed-effects multi-level analyses for repeated measures were performed. Results: The intervention groups showed significant improvements compared to controls in mindfulness and positive affect at the 2- and 6-month follow-ups, with no differences between 8- vs. 4-session programmes. The only difference between the abbreviated MBI vs. the standard MBI was found in self-kindness at 6 months, favoring the standard MBI. There were marginal differences in anxiety between the controls vs. the abbreviated MBI, but there were differences between the controls vs. the standard MBI at 2- and 6-months, with higher levels in the controls. There were no differences in depression between the controls vs. the abbreviated MBI, but differences were found between the controls vs. the standard MBI at 2- and 6-months, favoring the standard MBI. There were no differences with regard to negative affect and resilience. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first study to directly investigate the efficacy of a standard 8-week MBI and a 4-week abbreviated protocol in the same population. Based on our findings, both programmes

  6. The Effect of Modifying Spelling Rules on the Orthography Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koc, Rasit

    2014-01-01

    The current study examined four different orthography guides prepared by Turkish Language Society between 1996 and 2012. These orthography guides included different spellings in words with capital letters, compound words, abbreviations, and some other words. The spelling differences defined were analyzed in groups. Different spelling preferences…

  7. 36 CFR 1193.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., but are not limited to, voice, fax, relay service, TTY, Internet posting, captioning, text-to-speech.... Alternate formats may include, but are not limited to, Braille, ASCII text, large print, and audio cassette.... TTY. An abbreviation for teletypewriter. Machinery or equipment that employs interactive text...

  8. The spatial emergence of laser-induced periodic surface structures under lateral displacement irradiation conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eichstädt, J.

    2015-01-01

    Recently, laser-induced periodic surface structures, abbreviated LIPSS, gained interest, because potential applications are seen in the field of surface functionalisation. The feasibility to produce LIPSS and the potential to influence surface functionality have been shown. But so far, the

  9. 40 CFR 205.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Institute, Inc., 1430 Broadway, New York, New York 10018. (8) Sound Pressure Level means in decibels, 20... understood to be that of a root-mean-square pressure. The unit of any sound level is the decibel, having the unit symbol dB. (9) dB(A) means the standard abbreviation for A-weighted sound levels in decibels....

  10. Mobile Tracking and Location Awareness in Disaster Relief and Humanitarian Assistance Situations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AGIS Advanced Ground Information Systems APK Android Application Packages BFT Blue Force Tracker COTS...Packages [ APK ]). The Maps API includes the basic function for viewing maps on a touch screen. It includes the ability for the user to use touch

  11. Sumer et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(4):137 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    List of abbreviations: MTT= Cytotoxicity assay; OO= Olive oil; LC/CC= Lime cream/ calcium chloride; NIH= ... Institute of Health; NCCAM= National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine; CAM= Complementary and ... water and resettled. ... negative control (80% ethanol) and a positive control (0.9% saline).

  12. Navigation Using Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed Signals of Opportunity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    x List of Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii List of Abbreviations...Correlation Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 4.7. Feature (AVERAGE SYMBOL PHASE) Correlation Results . 49 x Figure Page 4.8. Feature (RMS...communica- tions due the complex computations involved with multicarrier modulation/ demod - 16 (a) 64-QAM (b) 16-QAM (c) 4-QAM / QPSK (d) BPSK Figure

  13. Lecturer Perspectives on Dyslexia and Dyslexic Students within One Faculty at One University in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Harriet; Nunkoosing, Karl

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore lecturers' experiences with and perspectives on dyslexia and dyslexic students to inform the wider debate about the issues of dyslexia support in higher education. Data were collected and analysed using an abbreviated constructivist grounded theory method. Participants were categorised as "positive",…

  14. The Allure of Quick Victory. Lessons from Peru’s Fight Against Sendero Luminoso

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    in Huallaga and the Valley of the Apurimac and Ene Rivers (Valle de los Rios Apurimac Ene abbreviated as VRAE). On 9 April 2009, Shining Path...www.mindefensa.gov.co/descargas/Documentos_Home/Política de Consolidación de la Seguridad Democrática.pdf>. 33. Interview with USAID office ( Bogota , Colombia, 17 July 2009). NOTES

  15. Neue Spiele fuer den Deutschunterricht (New Games for the German Classroom).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf-Manfre, Eva

    This document includes games and activities for the German as a foreign language class. There are games designed to help students get to know one another, games to help develop vocabulary skills and grammar, and activities for role playing. A list of references and resources is included as well as an index to abbreviations and symbols. (AB)

  16. 77 FR 39390 - Implantation or Injectable Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Maropitant; Tildipirosin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-03

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval actions for new animal drug applications (NADAs) and abbreviated new animal drug applications (ANADAs) during May 2012. FDA is also informing the public of the availability of summaries of the basis of approval and of environmental review documents, where...

  17. Countering Terrorism Through Control of Pakistan’s Information Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    116 6. Al Rashid Trust...xiv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xv LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AEWC Airborne Early Warning and Control ART Al Rashid Trust ASWJ...Al Rashid Trust, and indirect ties with Al Qaeda and Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM). It is also alleged that Bashiruddin Mahmood’s team was trying to develop

  18. Organization and variation analysis of 5S rDNA in gynogenetic offspring of Carassius auratus red var. (♀) × Megalobrama amblycephala (♂).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, QinBo; Wang, Juan; Wang, YuDe; Liu, Yun; Liu, ShaoJun

    2015-03-13

    The offspring with 100 chromosomes (abbreviated as GRCC) have been obtained in the first generation of Carassius auratus red var. (abbreviated as RCC, 2n = 100) (♀) × Megalobrama amblycephala (abbreviated as BSB, 2n = 48) (♂), in which the females and unexpected males both are found. Chromosomal and karyotypic analysis has been reported in GRCC which gynogenesis origin has been suggested, but lack genetic evidence. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with species-specific centromere probes directly proves that GRCC possess two sets of RCC-derived chromosomes. Sequence analysis of the coding region (5S) and adjacent nontranscribed spacer (abbreviated as NTS) reveals that three types of 5S rDNA class (class I; class II and class III) in GRCC are completely inherited from their female parent (RCC), and show obvious base variations and insertions-deletions. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with the entire 5S rDNA probe reveals obvious chromosomal loci (class I and class II) variation in GRCC. This paper provides directly genetic evidence that GRCC is gynogenesis origin. In addition, our result is also reveals that distant hybridization inducing gynogenesis can lead to sequence and partial chromosomal loci of 5S rDNA gene obvious variation.

  19. Personality and Approaches to Learning Predict Preference for Different Teaching Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas; Furnham, Adrian; Lewis, Martin

    2007-01-01

    A total of 221 (111 female and 110 male) British Medical students completed the NEO-FFI personality inventory [Costa, P. T., Jr., and McCrae, R. R. (1992). "Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) professional manual." Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.], an abbreviated version of Biggs'…

  20. 78 FR 77587 - Waiver for Marking Sunken Vessels With a Light at Night

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... minutes, per waiver, to write up and submit a formal request to the District Commander. Therefore, the... Standards M. Environment I. Abbreviations BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics CFR Code of Federal Regulations... percent and an annualized cost of $217.32 discounted at 7 percent. \\1\\ See the Bureau of Labor Statistics...

  1. Xeno-oestrogenic activity in serum as marker of occupational pesticide exposure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Helle Raun; Nielsen, Flemming; Nielsen, Jesper Bo

    2007-01-01

    in detectable impacts on hormonal activity in the blood. Abbreviations: HPLC, high performance liquid chromatography; E2, 17ß-oestradiol; PPE, personal protective equipment; RPE, relative proliferative effect; XE fraction, xeno-oestrogen fraction Exposure situations are often complex and involve several...

  2. Effect of giberellic acid (GA4/7 and girdling on induction of reproductive structures in Pinus patula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J-Jesus Vargas-Hernandez

    2016-07-01

    Abbreviations: GA: Gibberellic acid; GA4: Gibberellic acid 4; GA7: Gibberellic acid 7; GA4/7: Mix of gibberellic acids 4 and 7; FT1: Flowering trial carried out in the 2009 season; FT2: Flowering trial carried out in the 2010 season.

  3. 77 FR 53892 - Determination That ALOXI (Palonosetron Hydrochloride) Capsules, 0.5 Milligram (Base), Were Not...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-04

    ...) Capsules, 0.5 Milligram (Base), Were Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness AGENCY... determined that ALOXI (palonosetron hydrochloride (HCl)) Capsules, 0.5 milligram (mg) (base), were not... abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for palonosetron HCl capsules, 0.5 mg (base), if all other legal and...

  4. Commercialization of fuel-cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penner, S.S.; Appleby, A.J.; Baker, B.S.; Bates, J.L.; Buss, L.B.; Dollard, W.J.; Farris, P.J.; Gillis, E.A.; Gunsher, J.A.; Khandkar, A.; Krumpelt, M.; O' Sullivan, J.B.; Runte, G.; Savinell, R.F.; Selman, J.R.; Shores, D.A.; Tarman, P.

    1995-03-01

    This report is an abbreviated version of the ''Report of the DOE Advanced Fuel Cell Commercialization Working Group (AFC2WG),'' released January 1995. We describe fuel-cell commercialization for stationary power applications of phosphoric acid, molten carbonate, solid oxide, and polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells.

  5. Postoperative pulmonary artery hypertension | EU Clinical Trials Register [EU Clinical Trials Register

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available n el postoperatorio de cirugia cardiaca en niños. A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where availabl...non-technical, language sildenafil in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery in children. sildenafilo e

  6. Social Skills Training with Children: Responsiveness to Modeling and Coaching as a Function of Peer Orientation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gresham, Frank M.; Nagle, Richard J.

    1980-01-01

    Coaching and modeling were equivalent procedures for teaching social skills to isolated children. The abbreviated combination of coaching and modeling did not add to the effects. Peer orientation proved to be only a relatively weak modulator of responsiveness to social skills training. (Author)

  7. How-To-Do-It: Snails, Pill Bugs, Mealworms, and Chi-Square? Using Invertebrate Behavior to Illustrate Hypothesis Testing with Chi-Square.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biermann, Carol

    1988-01-01

    Described is a study designed to introduce students to the behavior of common invertebrate animals, and to use of the chi-square statistical technique. Discusses activities with snails, pill bugs, and mealworms. Provides an abbreviated chi-square table and instructions for performing the experiments and statistical tests. (CW)

  8. The Netted Humanitarian: Improving the Information and Communications Technology Assessment Process for Humanitarian Assistance/Disaster Relief (HA/DR) Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    30  1.  Satellite Communications (SATCOM) ............................................31  a.  BGAN ...77  ix LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1.  BGAN in Hardened Case...63  x THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xi LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS API Application Programming Interface BGAN Broadband Global Area

  9. Effective Municipal Emergency Planning for People With Disabilities and Others With Access and Functional Needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ADA Americans with Disabilities Act AFN Access and Functional Needs CEMA California Emergency Management...Needs Support Services (“FNSS”), planning against risks identified in the City.”46 Additionally, the California Emergency Management Agency ( CEMA

  10. Onderwijs in het Nationaal Programma Ouderenzorg

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oeseburg, Barth; Schols, Jos; Olde Rikkert, Marcel; van der Horst, Henriëtte; Smilde-van den Doel, Dini; de Rooij, Sophia; Buurman-van Es, Bianca; Schuurmans, Marieke; Gussekloo, Jacobijn

    2016-01-01

    The Netherlands Organisation of Health Research and Development started in 2008 the Dutch National Care for the Elderly Programme (in Dutch abbreviated as NPO) with the aim to improve the quality of life for the frail older people through better quality of care (health, social, community) which is

  11. 1 FirstEHG.indd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rme

    were included in this study (50 children, 50 adults and 50 geriatric patients). All of them were subjected to full medical history including complete therapeutic history of ... Abbreviations: AAD=Antibiotic associated diarrhea, CI=Confidence interval, ... children, because acute infectious ... In the case of diarrhea, the parents.

  12. AWK: Codes in Grading Essays: Making Essays More "Objective."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borja, Francisco; Spader, Peter H.

    1985-01-01

    Essays and essay tests need to be a central feature of every class. Informing students about what is inadequate in their essays and counseling them on how to improve seem to be impossible, time-consuming tasks. The use of codes or abbreviations is described. (MLW)

  13. Reexamining Michaelis-Menten Enzyme Kinetics for Xanthine Oxidase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassingthwaighte, James B.; Chinn, Tamara M.

    2013-01-01

    Abbreviated expressions for enzyme kinetic expressions, such as the Michaelis-Menten (M-M) equations, are based on the premise that enzyme concentrations are low compared with those of the substrate and product. When one does progress experiments, where the solute is consumed during conversion to form a series of products, the idealized conditions…

  14. The Effects of Electronic Communication on American Sign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Erin; Kozak, L. Viola; Santiago, Roberto; Stephen, Anika

    2012-01-01

    Technological and language innovation often flow in concert with one another. Casual observation by researchers has shown that electronic communication memes, in the form of abbreviations, have found their way into spoken English. This study focuses on the current use of electronic modes of communication, such as cell smartphones, and e-mail, and…

  15. Naval Sea Systems Command Occupational Safety and Health Record Keeping System. Hazardous Materials Control Module. Program Maintenance Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-01

    terms and abbreviations are used in this manual: • CAS ( Chemical Abstract Service) Number: A unique identification number given to chemical substances...by the Chemical Abstract Service. * Code 106: The Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Office at the shipyard. " Document Number: The number used by

  16. Measuring Illegal Border Crossing Between Ports of Entry: An Assessment of Four Promising Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    substantive contributions to this document. ix Abbreviations CBP U.S. Customs and Border Protection DHS U.S. Department of Homeland Security EMIF Encuesta ...migrants in northern Mexican border communities called Encuesta sobre Migración en la Frontera Norte de México (EMIF), which is collected at

  17. Isolation and characterisation of a proanthocyanidin with antioxidative, antibacterial and anti-cancer properties from fern Blechnum orientale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    How-Yee Lai

    2017-01-01

    Abbreviation used: CC: Column chromatography, DP: degree of polymerization, DPPH: 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, ESI-MS: electronsprayionisation mass-spectrometry, MBC: Minimum bactericidal concentration, MIC : Minimum inhibitory concentration, MTT: Thiazolyl Blue Tetrazolium Bromide, MRSA: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, NMR: nuclear magnetic resonance, TLC: thin layer chromatography, PD: prodelphinidin

  18. Duration Calculus: Logical Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Michael Reichhardt; Chaochen, Zhou

    1997-01-01

    The Duration Calculus (abbreviated DC) represents a logical approach to formal design of real-time systems, where real numbers are used to model time and Boolean valued functions over time are used to model states and events of real-time systems. Since it introduction, DC has been applied to many...

  19. Illnesses in siblings of US patients with bipolar disorder relate to multigenerational family history and patients severity of illness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, Robert M.; Altshuler, Lori L.; Kupka, Ralph; McElroy, Susan L.; Frye, Mark A.; Rowe, Michael; Grunze, Heinz; Suppes, Trisha; Keck, Paul E.; Nolen, Willem A.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Patients with bipolar disorder from the US have more early-onset illness and a greater familial loading for psychiatric problems than those from the Netherlands or Germany (abbreviated here as Europe). We hypothesized that these regional differences in illness burden would extend to the

  20. The Case for Slow Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newkirk, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    To truly comprehend and appreciate texts, we need to read more slowly. Schools should provide a counterbalance to our increasingly hectic digital environment, where so many of us read and write in abbreviated messages and through clicks of the mouse. To help students reclaim the acoustical properties of written language and appreciate the passages…

  1. Nonverbal Communication Skills in Young Children with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Chung-Hsin; Soong, Wei-Tsuen; Lin, Tzu-Ling; Rogers, Sally J.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The study was to examine nonverbal communication in young children with autism. Methods: The participants were 23 young children with autism (mean CA = 32.79 months), 23 CA and MA-matched children with developmental delay and 22 18-20-month-old, and 22 13-15-month-old typically developing toddlers and infants. The abbreviated Early…

  2. 76 FR 73526 - Alternatives to the Use of External Credit Ratings in the Regulations of the OCC

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-29

    ... grade credit rating to qualify for the abbreviated registration system. International Banking Activities..., replicable, and well defined; Allow different banking organizations to assign the same assessment of credit... to the Use of External Credit Ratings in the Regulations of the OCC AGENCY: Office of the...

  3. Experiment list: DRX014636 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  4. Experiment list: DRX014605 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  5. Experiment list: DRX014575 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ype=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://pu...se of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=11

  6. Experiment list: DRX014619 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  7. Experiment list: DRX014622 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  8. Experiment list: DRX014641 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  9. Experiment list: DRX014598 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_20000

  10. Experiment list: DRX014582 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available m of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell onto...t number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...logy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lo

  11. Experiment list: DRX014639 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  12. Experiment list: DRX014612 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  13. Experiment list: DRX014617 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  14. Experiment list: DRX014571 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ype=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://pu...se of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=11

  15. Experiment list: DRX014595 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ology=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibra...Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || tot...ple_type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK004 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ont

  16. Experiment list: DRX014621 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  17. Experiment list: DRX014569 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  18. Experiment list: DRX014609 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  19. Experiment list: DRX014602 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  20. Experiment list: DRX014620 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  1. Experiment list: DRX014577 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ontol... number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ogy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lot

  2. Experiment list: DRX014579 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available um of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ont...ot number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || l

  3. Experiment list: DRX014644 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  4. Experiment list: DRX021452 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ology=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/...om CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_1300...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell ont

  5. Experiment list: DRX014601 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  6. Experiment list: DRX014618 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology... number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibra

  7. Experiment list: DRX014597 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  8. Experiment list: DRX014572 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  9. Experiment list: DRX014580 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ontol... number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ogy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lot

  10. Experiment list: DRX014638 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  11. Experiment list: DRX014585 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ontol... number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ogy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lot

  12. Experiment list: DRX014610 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  13. Experiment list: DRX014640 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  14. Experiment list: DRX014625 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  15. Experiment list: DRX014600 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  16. Experiment list: DRX014578 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available um of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ont...ot number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || l

  17. Experiment list: DRX014568 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  18. Experiment list: DRX021454 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available logy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C...m CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_13001...issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell onto

  19. Experiment list: DRX014711 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available dothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK016 || cell type abbreviation=HUAEC || cell ontology=endothelial c...ell of umbilical artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_0010002 || lot number=03290 |

  20. Experiment list: DRX014608 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ef=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary