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Sample records for abbreviations

  1. Abbreviations in Maritime English

    Yang, Zhirong

    2011-01-01

    Aiming at the phenomena that more and more abbreviations occur in maritime English correspondences, the composing laws of the abbreviations in maritime English correspondence are analyzed, and the correct methods to answer the abbreviations are pointed out, and the translation method of abbreviations are summarized in this article, and the…

  2. FDA Acronyms and Abbreviations

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The FDA Acronyms and Abbreviations database provides a quick reference to acronyms and abbreviations related to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) activities

  3. Deciphering Journal Abbreviations with JAbbr

    Keith Jenkins

    2009-01-01

    JAbbr is an online tool developed at Cornell University to help users decipher journal title abbreviations. This article discusses why these abbreviations are so problematic, and how traditional tools are often insufficient, and then describes the novel approach used by JAbbr. Given an abbreviation, JAbbr creates a regular expression for fuzzy matching, tests it against a list of serial titles extracted from the library catalog, and returns a list of possible matches to the user. JAbbr is ava...

  4. Deciphering Journal Abbreviations with JAbbr

    Keith Jenkins

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available JAbbr is an online tool developed at Cornell University to help users decipher journal title abbreviations. This article discusses why these abbreviations are so problematic, and how traditional tools are often insufficient, and then describes the novel approach used by JAbbr. Given an abbreviation, JAbbr creates a regular expression for fuzzy matching, tests it against a list of serial titles extracted from the library catalog, and returns a list of possible matches to the user. JAbbr is available as a web site and as a web service.

  5. Global change: Acronyms and abbreviations

    Woodard, C.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Stoss, F.W. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center

    1995-05-01

    This list of acronyms and abbreviations is compiled to provide the user with a ready reference to dicipher the linguistic initialisms and abridgements for the study of global change. The terms included in this first edition were selected from a wide variety of sources: technical reports, policy documents, global change program announcements, newsletters, and other periodicals. The disciplinary interests covered by this document include agriculture, atmospheric science, ecology, environmental science, oceanography, policy science, and other fields. In addition to its availability in hard copy, the list of acronyms and abbreviations is available in DOS-formatted diskettes and through CDIAC`s anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) area on the Internet.

  6. Will Banning Foreign Abbreviations Help?

    2010-01-01

    @@ From early April, China's national broad-caster CCTV banned the use of borrowed English abbreviations such as NBA, GDP, WTO and CPI in all its programs. The move was launched in line with a government directive after several national legislators and political advisors called for the preservation of the Chinese language's purity.

  7. Classification and Translation of Chinese Abbreviations

    郭颖婷

    2014-01-01

    Chinese abbreviation, containing fewer words and delivering a wealth of information, is a vital component of Chinese language. But the tremendous differences between Chinese and English make it an arduous task to translate Chinese abbreviations into English. Based on the analyses of the structure and patterns of word-formation of Chinese abbreviations, it makes a classifi-cation of Chinese abbreviations, summarize the translation methods, and point out some attention points in translation. A system-atic analysis on the structure and classification of Chinese abbreviations will be beneficial to reduce the mistakes in its translation.

  8. Abbreviations

    2014-01-01

    CBA Cost-Benefit Analysis CBD Convention on Biological Diversity CGAPS Coordinating Group on Alien Pest Species CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora CRC Cooperative Research Center for Australian Weed Management DAE Direction des affaires économiques, New Caledonia DAVAR Direction des affaires vétérinaire, alimentaire et rurale, New Caledonia DDE-E Direction du développement économique et de l’environnement, New Caledonia. DDR Direction du déve...

  9. Abbreviations

    2013-01-01

    "AB" The official French logo for certified organic produce ("Agriculture Biologique") CF Conventional farming EF Ecological farming IFS Integrated farming systems LIF Low-input farming OF Organic farming OFgc Organic farming under group certification AFSAA Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments (French food safety agency) AMAP Association pour le Maintien d'une Agriculture Paysanne (Association for the maintenance of small-scale farming – there is a network of such associations ...

  10. Acronyms, initialisms, and abbreviations: Fourth Revision

    Tolman, B.J. [comp.

    1994-04-01

    This document lists acronyms used in technical writing. The immense list is supplemented by an appendix containing chemical elements, classified information access, common abbreviations used for functions, conversion factors for selected SI units, a flowcharting template, greek alphabet, metrix terminology, proofreader`s marks, signs and symbols, and state abbreviations.

  11. 40 CFR 600.403-77 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Dealer Availability of Fuel Economy Information § 600.403-77 Abbreviations....

  12. MBA: a literature mining system for extracting biomedical abbreviations

    Lei YiMing

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The exploding growth of the biomedical literature presents many challenges for biological researchers. One such challenge is from the use of a great deal of abbreviations. Extracting abbreviations and their definitions accurately is very helpful to biologists and also facilitates biomedical text analysis. Existing approaches fall into four broad categories: rule based, machine learning based, text alignment based and statistically based. State of the art methods either focus exclusively on acronym-type abbreviations, or could not recognize rare abbreviations. We propose a systematic method to extract abbreviations effectively. At first a scoring method is used to classify the abbreviations into acronym-type and non-acronym-type abbreviations, and then their corresponding definitions are identified by two different methods: text alignment algorithm for the former, statistical method for the latter. Results A literature mining system MBA was constructed to extract both acronym-type and non-acronym-type abbreviations. An abbreviation-tagged literature corpus, called Medstract gold standard corpus, was used to evaluate the system. MBA achieved a recall of 88% at the precision of 91% on the Medstract gold-standard EVALUATION Corpus. Conclusion We present a new literature mining system MBA for extracting biomedical abbreviations. Our evaluation demonstrates that the MBA system performs better than the others. It can identify the definition of not only acronym-type abbreviations including a little irregular acronym-type abbreviations (e.g., , but also non-acronym-type abbreviations (e.g., .

  13. 40 CFR 86.203-94 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Abbreviations. 86.203-94 Section 86.203-94 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Later Model Year Gasoline-Fueled New Light-Duty Vehicles, New Light-Duty Trucks and New...

  14. The stylistic coloring of abbreviation in Business English

    李美玲

    2011-01-01

    It is obvious to apply different vocabulary in various styles. As application of vocabulary becomes more, the distinct stylistic coloring is forming gradually. In this paper, it studies the definitions, structures, features ,of abbreviation in Business English. After that, it summarizes the stylistic coloring of abbreviation in Business English, and proves the necessity and importance to study abbreviation in Business English.

  15. Abbreviated guide pneumatic conveying design guide

    Mills, David

    1990-01-01

    Abbreviated Guide: Pneumatic Conveying Design Guide describes the selection, design, and specification of conventional pneumatic conveying systems. The design procedure uses previous test data on the materials to be conveyed. The book also discusses system economics, operating costs, the choice of appropriate components or systems, system control, and system flexibility. The design system involves the type of conveying system for installation, the pipeline parameters, and also the plant components. System selection covers the properties of the material to be conveyed, plant layout, material pr

  16. 40 CFR 205.155 - Motorcycle class and manufacturer abbreviation.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Motorcycle class and manufacturer abbreviation. 205.155 Section 205.155 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED... Motorcycle class and manufacturer abbreviation. (a) Motorcycles must be grouped into classes determined...

  17. 32 CFR 516.3 - Explanation of abbreviations and terms.

    2010-07-01

    ... AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION General § 516.3 Explanation of abbreviations and terms. (a) The Glossary contains explanations of abbreviations and terms. (b) The masculine gender has been used throughout this regulation for simplicity and consistency. Any reference to the masculine gender is...

  18. 76 FR 13880 - Investigational New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Technical Amendment

    2011-03-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 312 and 314 Investigational New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Technical Amendment AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration... amending its investigational new drug application (IND) regulations and abbreviated new drug...

  19. Predicting Chinese Abbreviations from Definitions: An Empirical Learning Approach Using Support Vector Regression

    Xu Sun; Hou-Feng Wang; Bo Wang

    2008-01-01

    In Chinese, phrases and named entities play a central role in information retrieval. Abbreviations, however,make keyword-based approaches less effective. This paper presents an empirical learning approach to Chinese abbreviation prediction. In this study, each abbreviation is taken as a reduced form of the corresponding definition (expanded form),and the abbreviation prediction is formalized as a scoring and ranking problem among abbreviation candidates, which are automatically generated from the corresponding definition. By employing Support Vector Regression (SVR) for scoring,we can obtain multiple abbreviation candidates together with their SVR values, which are used for candidate ranking.Experimental results show that the SVR method performs better than the popular heuristic rule of abbreviation prediction.In addition, in abbreviation prediction, the SVR method outperforms the hidden Markov model (HMM).

  20. Abbreviated Pandemic Influenza Planning Template for Primary Care Offices

    HCTT CHE

    2010-01-01

    The Abbreviated Pandemic Influenza Plan Template for Primary Care Provider Offices is intended to assist primary care providers and office managers with preparing their offices for quickly putting a plan in place to handle an increase in patient calls and visits, whether during the 2009-2010 influenza season or future influenza seasons.

  1. 16 CFR 300.9 - Abbreviations, ditto marks, and asterisks.

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Abbreviations, ditto marks, and asterisks..., ditto marks, and asterisks. (a) In disclosing required information, words or terms shall not be designated by ditto marks or appear in footnotes referred to by asterisks or other symbols in...

  2. 27 CFR 19.726 - Authorized abbreviations to identify spirits.

    2010-04-01

    ... records: Kinds of spirits Abbreviations Alcohol A Brandy BR Bourbon Whisky BW Canadian Whisky CNW Completely Denatured Alcohol CDA Corn Whisky CW Grain Spirits GS Irish Whisky IW Light Whisky LW Malt Whisky MW Neutral Spirits NS Neutral Spirits Grain NSG Rye Whisky RW Scotch Whisky SW Specially...

  3. 21 CFR 314.127 - Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.127 Refusal to approve an abbreviated new...

  4. 16 CFR 303.5 - Abbreviations, ditto marks, and asterisks prohibited.

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Abbreviations, ditto marks, and asterisks... Abbreviations, ditto marks, and asterisks prohibited. (a) In disclosing required information, words or terms shall not be designated by ditto marks or appear in footnotes referred to by asterisks or other...

  5. 21 CFR 314.153 - Suspension of approval of an abbreviated new drug application.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Suspension of approval of an abbreviated new drug... HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG FDA... new drug application. (a) Suspension of approval. The approval of an abbreviated new drug...

  6. 21 CFR 314.101 - Filing an application and receiving an abbreviated new drug application.

    2010-04-01

    ... new drug application. 314.101 Section 314.101 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT... A NEW DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.101 Filing an application and receiving an abbreviated new drug application. (a)(1) Within 60 days after FDA receives...

  7. 77 FR 50702 - Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited; Withdrawal of Approval of 27 Abbreviated New Drug Applications

    2012-08-22

    ... Abbreviated New Drug Applications AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is withdrawing approval of 27 abbreviated new drug applications... introduction into interstate commerce of products without approved new drug applications violates section...

  8. Automatic Word Sense Disambiguation of Acronyms and Abbreviations in Clinical Texts

    Moon, Sungrim

    2012-01-01

    The use of acronyms and abbreviations is increasing profoundly in the clinical domain in large part due to the greater adoption of electronic health record (EHR) systems and increased electronic documentation within healthcare. A single acronym or abbreviation may have multiple different meanings or senses. Comprehending the proper meaning of an…

  9. 78 FR 26785 - Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaire...

    2013-05-08

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a document entitled ``Guidance for Industry: Implementation of an Acceptable Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaire and Accompanying Materials for Use in Screening Frequent Donors of Blood and Blood Components'' dated May 2013. The guidance document recognizes the abbreviated donor history questionnaire and accompanying......

  10. 76 FR 65735 - Draft Guidance for Industry: Implementation of Acceptable Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaire...

    2011-10-24

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a draft document entitled ``Guidance for Industry: Implementation of Acceptable Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaire and Accompanying Materials for Use in Screening Frequent Donors of Blood and Blood Components'' dated October 2011. The draft guidance document recognizes the abbreviated donor history questionnaire and......

  11. 76 FR 26307 - Guidance for Industry on the Submission of Summary Bioequivalence Data for Abbreviated New Drug...

    2011-05-06

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry on the Submission of Summary Bioequivalence Data for Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... guidance for industry entitled ``Submission of Summary Bioequivalence Data for Abbreviated New...

  12. Compression and the origins of Zipf's law of abbreviation

    Ferrer-i-Cancho, R; Seguin, C

    2015-01-01

    Languages across the world exhibit Zipf's law of abbreviation, namely more frequent words tend to be shorter. The generalized version of the law, namely an inverse relationship between the frequency of a unit and its magnitude, holds also for the behaviors of other species and the genetic code. The apparent universality of this pattern in human language and its ubiquity in other domains calls for a theoretical understanding of its origins. We generalize the information theoretic concept of mean code length as a mean energetic cost function over the probability and the magnitude of the symbols of the alphabet. We show that the minimization of that cost function and a negative correlation between probability and the magnitude of symbols are intimately related.

  13. 21 CFR 314.152 - Notice of withdrawal of approval of an application or abbreviated application for a new drug.

    2010-04-01

    ... or abbreviated application for a new drug. 314.152 Section 314.152 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG... APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.152 Notice of withdrawal of approval of an application or abbreviated application for a new drug. If the Food and...

  14. Pharmacist and Physician Interpretation of Abbreviations for Acetaminophen Intended for Use in a Consumer Icon

    Saul Shiffman

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Concomitant use of multiple acetaminophen medications is associated with overdose. To help patients identify acetaminophen medications and thus avoid concomitant use, an icon with an abbreviation for “acetaminophen” has been proposed for all acetaminophen medications. This study assessed pharmacists’ and physicians’ use and interpretation of abbreviations for “acetaminophen”, to identify abbreviations with other meanings that might cause confusion. Physicians (n = 150 reported use and interpretation of candidate abbreviations Ac and Acm. Pharmacists (n = 150 interpretations of prescription orders using the candidate abbreviations APAP, Ac, Ace and Acm in typed, handwritten or spoken form, were judged for critical confusions likely to cause patient harm. Critical confusion was rare, except for omission by pharmacists of the acetaminophen dose for Hydrocodone/APAP prescriptions (10%. Ac was in common use to indicate “before meals”, and was interpreted as such, but some physicians (8% said they use Ac to indicate anticoagulant drugs. Most pharmacists (54% interpreted Ace as acetaminophen, and none interpreted it as referring to ACE-inhibitors. Acm was rarely used in prescriptions, had no common interfering meanings, and was often (63% interpreted as acetaminophen, especially when prescribed in combination with an opiate (85%. The data validated concerns about abbreviations in prescribing: all abbreviations resulted in some misinterpretations. However, Acm was rarely misinterpreted, was readily associated with “acetaminophen”, and seemed appropriate for use in a graphic icon to help consumers/patients identify acetaminophen medications.

  15. Processes and changes in Minas Gerais’ 18th century abbreviations: regularity and rupture

    Aléxia Teles Duchowny

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzed 18th century abbreviations from documents written in Arraial do Tijuco, today Diamantina, in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Brachygraphic resources used in religious brotherhoods’ commitments from different social strata were compared to test two hypotheses: (i abbreviations reflect differences between strata and therefore (ii they allow identifying the degree of literacy of writing subjects. The analysis undertaken do not attest the correctness of assumptions, but the generalizations reached indicate that abbreviations, as any other linguistic phenomenon, suffer systematic, organized and multiple change processes, a different result from those that the meagre literature on the subject provides.

  16. 75 FR 77897 - Long Walk National Historic Trail Feasibility Study, Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact...

    2010-12-14

    ... trail would be designated, emphasizing the removal experiences common to both tribes. An auto tour route... National Park Service Long Walk National Historic Trail Feasibility Study, Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact Statement, National Trails Intermountain Region, NM AGENCY: National Park Service,...

  17. Adaptation of abbreviated mathematics anxiety rating scale for engineering students

    Nordin, Sayed Kushairi Sayed; Samat, Khairul Fadzli; Sultan, Al Amin Mohamed; Halim, Bushra Abdul; Ismail, Siti Fatimah; Mafazi, Nurul Wirdah

    2015-05-01

    Mathematics is an essential and fundamental tool used by engineers to analyse and solve problems in their field. Due to this, most engineering education programs involve a concentration of study in mathematics courses whereby engineering students have to take mathematics courses such as numerical methods, differential equations and calculus in the first two years and continue to do so until the completion of the sequence. However, the students struggled and had difficulties in learning courses that require mathematical abilities. Hence, this study presents the factors that caused mathematics anxiety among engineering students using Abbreviated Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (AMARS) through 95 students of Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM). From 25 items in AMARS, principal component analysis (PCA) suggested that there are four mathematics anxiety factors, namely experiences of learning mathematics, cognitive skills, mathematics evaluation anxiety and students' perception on mathematics. Minitab 16 software was used to analyse the nonparametric statistics. Kruskal-Wallis Test indicated that there is a significant difference in the experience of learning mathematics and mathematics evaluation anxiety among races. The Chi-Square Test of Independence revealed that the experience of learning mathematics, cognitive skills and mathematics evaluation anxiety depend on the results of their SPM additional mathematics. Based on this study, it is recommended to address the anxiety problems among engineering students at the early stage of studying in the university. Thus, lecturers should play their part by ensuring a positive classroom environment which encourages students to study mathematics without fear.

  18. 76 FR 64951 - Apothecon et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 103 New Drug Applications and 35 Abbreviated New Drug...

    2011-10-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Apothecon et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 103 New Drug Applications and 35 Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Correction AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... new drug applications (NDAs) and 35 abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) from multiple...

  19. 78 FR 25749 - Submission of New Drug Application/Abbreviated New Drug Application Field Alert Reports: Notice...

    2013-05-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Submission of New Drug Application/Abbreviated New Drug... submit new drug application (NDA) and abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) Field Alert Reports...

  20. 77 FR 16039 - Abbott Laboratories et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 35 New Drug Applications and 64 Abbreviated...

    2012-03-19

    ... Drug Applications and 64 Abbreviated New Drug Applications AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is withdrawing approval of 35 new drug applications (NDAs) and 64 abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) from multiple applicants. The holders...

  1. A novel abbreviation standard for organobromine, organochlorine and organophosphorus flame retardants and some characteristics of the chemicals

    Bergman, Åke; Rydén, Andreas; Law, Robin J.; de Boer, Jacob; Covaci, Adrian; Alaee, Mehran; Birnbaum, Linda; Petreas, Myrto; Rose, Martin; Sakai, Shinichi; Van den Eede, Nele; van der Veen, Ike

    2012-01-01

    Ever since the interest in organic environmental contaminants first emerged 50 years ago, there has been a need to present discussion of such chemicals and their transformation products using simple abbreviations so as to avoid the repetitive use of long chemical names. As the number of chemicals of concern has increased, the number of abbreviations has also increased dramatically, sometimes resulting in the use of different abbreviations for the same chemical. In this article, we propose abbreviations for flame retardants (FRs) substituted with bromine or chlorine atoms or including a functional group containing phosphorus, i.e. BFRs, CFRs and PFRs, respectively. Due to the large number of halogenated and organophosphorus FRs, it has become increasingly important to develop a strategy for abbreviating the chemical names of FRs. In this paper, a two step procedure is proposed for deriving practical abbreviations (PRABs) for the chemicals discussed. In the first step, structural abbreviations (STABs) are developed using specific STAB criteria based on the FR structure. However, since several of the derived STABs are complicated and long, we propose instead the use of PRABs. These are, commonly, an extract of the most essential part of the STAB, while also considering abbreviations previously used in the literature. We indicate how these can be used to develop an abbreviation that can be generally accepted by scientists and other professionals involved in FR related work. Tables with PRABs and STABs for BFRs, CFRs and PFRs are presented, including CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) numbers, notes of abbreviations that have been used previously, CA (Chemical Abstract) name, common names and trade names, as well as some fundamental physico-chemical constants. PMID:22982223

  2. A novel abbreviation standard for organobromine, organochlorine and organophosphorus flame retardants and some characteristics of the chemicals.

    Bergman, Ake; Rydén, Andreas; Law, Robin J; de Boer, Jacob; Covaci, Adrian; Alaee, Mehran; Birnbaum, Linda; Petreas, Myrto; Rose, Martin; Sakai, Shinichi; Van den Eede, Nele; van der Veen, Ike

    2012-11-15

    Ever since the interest in organic environmental contaminants first emerged 50years ago, there has been a need to present discussion of such chemicals and their transformation products using simple abbreviations so as to avoid the repetitive use of long chemical names. As the number of chemicals of concern has increased, the number of abbreviations has also increased dramatically, sometimes resulting in the use of different abbreviations for the same chemical. In this article, we propose abbreviations for flame retardants (FRs) substituted with bromine or chlorine atoms or including a functional group containing phosphorus, i.e. BFRs, CFRs and PFRs, respectively. Due to the large number of halogenated and organophosphorus FRs, it has become increasingly important to develop a strategy for abbreviating the chemical names of FRs. In this paper, a two step procedure is proposed for deriving practical abbreviations (PRABs) for the chemicals discussed. In the first step, structural abbreviations (STABs) are developed using specific STAB criteria based on the FR structure. However, since several of the derived STABs are complicated and long, we propose instead the use of PRABs. These are, commonly, an extract of the most essential part of the STAB, while also considering abbreviations previously used in the literature. We indicate how these can be used to develop an abbreviation that can be generally accepted by scientists and other professionals involved in FR related work. Tables with PRABs and STABs for BFRs, CFRs and PFRs are presented, including CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) numbers, notes of abbreviations that have been used previously, CA (Chemical Abstract) name, common names and trade names, as well as some fundamental physico-chemical constants.

  3. Psychometric Properties of the Abbreviated Perceived Motivational Climate in Exercise Questionnaire

    Moore, E. Whitney G.; Brown, Theresa C.; Fry, Mary D.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an abbreviated version of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Exercise Questionnaire (PMCEQ-A) to provide a more practical instrument for use in applied exercise settings. In the calibration step, two shortened versions' measurement and latent model values were compared to each other and the original…

  4. Abbreviated Title of the Artwork in the System of Signs by Ch. Peirce

    Grigoriy Valeryevich Tokarev

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the semiotic aspect of the functioning of the abbreviated title of the postmodern artwork. The authors analyze the relationship of title-sign to the object which it replaces. The title is considered from the perspective of three main features peculiar of the sign in accordance with the Charles S. Peirce's theory. This fact allows us to conclude that, being a sign, the abbreviated title replaces a literary text, which is also expressed in symbolic form of the author's knowledge of reality. In this aspect the title becomes the metasign of its text. It is shown that in this connection, decoding and interpretation process take place in two stages – before reading the text and in the process of its reading and interpretation. It is alleged that the result of the interpretation of the title depends on the reader's competence which is determined by their individual literary scope, as well as by the skills of productive work with the text. On the basis of the classification of signs created by Charles Pierce, it was found that the abbreviated title has a complex semiotic nature combining the features of indexicality, conventionality, and iconicity, the latter of which may be present only in the abbreviated title.

  5. Relationship between Acceptable Noise Level and the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit

    Freyaldenhoven, Melinda C.; Nabelek, Anna K.; Tampas, Joanna W.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between acceptable noise levels (ANLs) and the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB; R. M. Cox & G. C. Alexander, 1995). This study further examined the APHAB's ability to predict hearing aid use. Method: ANL and APHAB data were collected for 191 listeners with impaired hearing,…

  6. 78 FR 52931 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug...

    2013-08-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug Substances and Products, Questions and Answers; Availability AGENCY... announcing the availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``ANDAs: Stability Testing of...

  7. 77 FR 58999 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug...

    2012-09-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug... availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``ANDAs: Stability Testing of Drug Substances and... of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``ANDAs: Stability Testing of Drug Substances and...

  8. 75 FR 73108 - Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Impurities in Drug Products...

    2010-11-29

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications...: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a guidance for industry...) guidance for industry ``Q3B(R) Impurities in New Drug Products,'' which was announced in August 2006....

  9. 78 FR 37231 - Guidance for Industry; Guidance on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug...

    2013-06-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry; Guidance on Abbreviated New Drug... the availability of a guidance for industry entitled ``ANDAs: Stability Testing of Drug Substances and... generic drug review, FDA is recommending that the generic drug industry follow the approach in...

  10. New drug applications and abbreviated new drug applications; technical amendment. Final rule; technical amendment.

    2009-03-06

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its new drug application (NDA) and abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) regulations to update agency contacts for patent information and patent notifications and to correct an inaccurate cross-reference. This action is being taken to ensure accuracy and clarity in the agency's regulations.

  11. 21 CFR 314.150 - Withdrawal of approval of an application or abbreviated application.

    2010-04-01

    ... HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW... that is described in the application or abbreviated application and that is essential to show that the... or contract research organization that conducted a bioavailability or bioequivalence study...

  12. Evaluating an Abbreviated Version of the Hispanic Stress Inventory for Immigrants

    Cavazos-Rehg, Patricia A.; Zayas, Luis H.; Walker, Mark S.; Fisher, Edwin B.

    2006-01-01

    This study evaluates an abbreviated version of the Hispanic Stress Inventory-Immigrant version (HSI-I) with a nonclinical sample of 143 adult Hispanic immigrants residing in a large midwestern city. The HSI-I consists of 73 items and 5 distinct subscales that assess psychosocial experiences on five dimensions, namely, occupational/economic,…

  13. 75 FR 37295 - Change of Address; Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Technical Amendment

    2010-06-29

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its regulations to update the address for applicants to submit abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) and ANDA amendments, supplements, and resubmissions. FDA is also updating the address for ANDA applicants to submit investigational new drug applications (INDs) for in vivo bioavailability and bioequivalence studies in humans that are......

  14. The Maximum Entropy Approach to Record Abbreviation for Optimal Record Control.

    Goyal, P.

    1983-01-01

    Tests performed on 6,260 titles from 3 machine-readable British National Bibliography files using an entropy based technique for abbreviation of text strings for use as a control code found that more than 94 percent of the titles generated a unique seven character code. Six references and an illustrative example are appended. (EJS)

  15. Symbolic Capital in a Virtual Heterosexual Market: Abbreviation and Insertion in Italian iTV SMS

    Herring, Susan C.; Zelenkauskaite, Asta

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes gender variation in nonstandard typography--specifically, abbreviations and insertions--in mobile phone text messages (SMS) posted to a public Italian interactive television (iTV) program. All broadcast SMS were collected for a period of 2 days from the Web archive for the iTV program, and the frequency and distribution of…

  16. The Use of Abbreviations in English-Medium Astrophysics Research Paper Titles: A Problematic Issue

    Méndez, David I.; Alcaraz, M. Ángeles

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we carry out a qualitative and quantitative analysis of abbreviations in 300 randomly collected research paper titles published in the most prestigious European and US-based Astrophysics journals written in English. Our main results show that the process of shortening words and groups of words is one of the most characteristic and…

  17. McArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory (CDI: Proposal of an abbreviate version

    Chamarrita Farkas Klein

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The McArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDI assesses language development en children, through a significant caregiver report. The first inventory assesses verbal and non verbal language in infants who are from 8 to 18 months old and it is composed of 949 items distributed in 6 scales. This study proposes an abbreviate form of this instrument, and was tested on families and educators of 130 Chilean children of 11-15 months old. Analyses related to the items, reliability and validity of the instrument and factorial analyses of subscales were realized. The abbreviate version consider 241 items distributed in 4 scales. The evaluation of the psychometric properties of the instrument was acceptable, demonstrating adequate reliability and validity.

  18. Financial reporting by small companies in the UK: the demand for abbreviated accounts

    Collis, Jill

    2003-01-01

    The aim of the study is to provide generalisble evidence of the utility of the statutory financial statements of small companies to the directors. It took the form of a postal questionnaire survey of the directors of a tranche of 385 companies meeting the EC size criteria for a small company. This paper focuses on the factors that influence the filing choices of the directors of these small companies and the demand for abbreviated accounts.

  19. Abbreviated epitaxial growth mode (AGM) method for reducing cost and improving quality of LEDs and lasers

    Tansu, Nelson; Chan, Helen M; Vinci, Richard P; Ee, Yik-Khoon; Biser, Jeffrey

    2013-09-24

    The use of an abbreviated GaN growth mode on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire substrates, which utilizes a process of using 15 nm low temperature GaN buffer and bypassing etch-back and recovery processes during epitaxy, enables the growth of high-quality GaN template on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire. The GaN template grown on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire by employing abbreviated growth mode has two orders of magnitude lower threading dislocation density than that of conventional GaN template grown on planar sapphire. The use of abbreviated growth mode also leads to significant reduction in cost of the epitaxy. The growths and characteristics of InGaN quantum wells (QWs) light emitting diodes (LEDs) on both templates were compared. The InGaN QWs LEDs grown on the nano-patterned AGOG sapphire demonstrated at least a 24% enhancement of output power enhancement over that of LEDs grown on conventional GaN templates.

  20. BUSINESS ENGLISH OUTSIDE THE BOX. BUSINESS JARGON AND ABBREVIATIONS IN BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

    Pop Anamaria-Mirabela

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Business English is commonly understood language, yet Harvard Business Review called business jargon “The Silent Killer of Big Companies”. As we all have been taught in school, we are aware of the fact that in communication we must comply with linguistic rules so that our message gets across succinctly. Yet, there is one place where all these rules can be omitted (at least in the recent decades: the corporate office. Here, one can use euphemisms and clichés, can capitalize any word that is considered important, the passive voice is used wherever possible and abbreviations occur in every sentence. The worst part is that all of these linguistic enormities are carried out deliberately. The purpose of this paper is to analyse to what extent business jargon and abbreviations have affected business communication (which most of the time, it is filled with opaque language to mask different activities and operations and the reasons for which these linguistic phenomena have become so successful in the present. One of the reasons for the research is that in business English, jargon can be annoying because it overcomplicates. It is frequently unnecessary and it can transform a simple idea or instruction into something very confusing. It is true that every field has its jargon. Education, journalism, law, politics, medicine, urban planning – no filed is immune. Yet, it seems that business jargon has been described as “the most annoying”. Another reason is that jargon tends to be elitist. Those who do not understand the terms feel confused and uncertain. The paper starts with defining these two concepts, business jargon and abbreviations, and then it attempts to explain the “unusual” pervasion of these, both in business communication and in everyday communication. For this, the paper includes a list with the most common business jargon and abbreviations. In this view, the authors have accessed different economic blogs and specialty journals

  1. Abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms frequently used by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.. Second edition

    Miller, J.T.

    1994-09-01

    Guidelines are given for using abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms (AAIs) in documents prepared by US Department of Energy facilities managed by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The more than 10,000 AAIs listed represent only a small portion of those found in recent documents prepared by contributing editors of the Information Management Services organization of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Oak Ridge K-25 Site, and the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. This document expands on AAIs listed in the Document Preparation Guide and is intended as a companion document

  2. Attenuation by phentolamine of hypoxia and levcromakalim-induced abbreviation of the cardiac action potential.

    Tweedie, D.; Boachie-Anash, G.; Henderson, C. G.; Kane, K. A.

    1993-01-01

    1. The effects of phentolamine (5-30 microM) and glibenclamide (10 microM) on action potential characteristics were examined in guinea-pig papillary muscle exposed to either hypoxia or levcromakalim (20 microM). 2. The hypoxia-induced abbreviation of action potential duration (APD) and effective refractory period (ERP) were attenuated but not abolished by glibenclamide (10 microM). Hypoxia reduced APD by 24 +/- 2 vs 65 +/- 4% in glibenclamide- and vehicle-treated tissue, respectively. 3. Phen...

  3. An abbreviated version of the brief assessment of cognition in schizophrenia (BACS

    MD Yasuhiro Kaneda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: A short version of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS was derived. Methods: We calculated the corrected item-total correlation (CITC for each test score relative to the composite score, and then computed the proportion of variance that each test shares with the global score excluding that test (Rt² = CITCt² and the variance explained per minute of administration time for each test (Rt²/mint. Results and Conclusions: The 3 tests with the highest Rt²/mint, Symbol Coding, Digit Sequencing, and Token Motor, were selected for the Abbreviated BACS.

  4. [A study on the abbreviated form of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated (EPQR-A) in a student population].

    Bouvard, M; Aulard-Jaccod, J; Pessonneaux, S; Hautekeete, M; Rogé, B

    2010-12-01

    The aim of this paper is to examine the short questionnaire of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised (the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated [EPQR-A]) among a student population. University students were invited, in groups, to fill in the forms proposed. Three sites were compared, representing a sample of 346 participants (Chambéry=118 subjects [44 males and 74 females]; Lille=110 subjects [50 males and 60 females] and Toulouse=118 subjects [60 males and 58 females]). The three groups of students have comparable scores on the EPQR-A wherever they live (Chambéry, Lille or Toulouse). Moreover, neither the age nor the gender allowed the detection of differences between subjects. Our sample of students is situated in the range of a "normal" group of students. Regarding the internal consistency coefficients, the French version we used of the neuroticism and the extraversion scales of the EPQR-A obtained a satisfactory result. The internal consistency coefficient of psychoticism was rather low (<70). This unsatisfactory level of internal reliability for the psychoticism is also found in the English version [7]. The four-factor model of the EPQR-A is judged to be an adequate explanation of the data. In the end, self-esteem correlated positively with extraversion and negatively with neuroticism. On the other hand, there is no link between psychoticism and self-esteem.

  5. 21 CFR 314.430 - Availability for public disclosure of data and information in an application or abbreviated...

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Availability for public disclosure of data and... APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG Miscellaneous Provisions § 314.430 Availability for public disclosure of data... acknowledged, no data or information in the application or abbreviated application is available for...

  6. 78 FR 60292 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Application Submissions-Refuse-to-Receive...

    2013-10-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Application Submissions--Refuse-to-Receive Standards; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a...

  7. The Revised Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (JEPQ-R): Dutch replications of the full length, short, and abbreviated forms

    Scholte, R.H.J.; Bruyn, E.E.J. De

    2001-01-01

    This study examines the full-length, short and abbreviated forms of the Revised Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (JEPQ-R) in a Dutch sample of 215 boys and 207 girls, aged 12–14. The reliability and concurrent validity of the scales of the full-length form (JEPQ-R, 81 items), short form (JEP

  8. Performance of an Abbreviated Version of the Lubben Social Network Scale among Three European Community-Dwelling Older Adult Populations

    Lubben, James; Blozik, Eva; Gillmann, Gerhard; Iliffe, Steve; von Renteln-Kruse, Wolfgang; Beck, John C.; Stuck, Andreas E.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: There is a need for valid and reliable short scales that can be used to assess social networks and social supports and to screen for social isolation in older persons. Design and Methods: The present study is a cross-national and cross-cultural evaluation of the performance of an abbreviated version of the Lubben Social Network Scale…

  9. Matching Element Symbols with State Abbreviations: A Fun Activity for Browsing the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

    Woelk, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    A classroom activity is presented in which students are challenged to find matches between the United States two-letter postal abbreviations for states and chemical element symbols. The activity aims to lessen negative apprehensions students might have when the periodic table of the elements with its more than 100 combinations of letters is first…

  10. Development of an Abbreviated Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI) Using Item Response Theory: The SPAI-23

    Roberson-Nay, Roxann; Strong, David R.; Nay, William T.; Beidel, Deborah C.; Turner, Samuel M.

    2007-01-01

    An abbreviated version of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI) was developed using methods based in nonparametric item response theory. Participants included a nonclinical sample of 1,482 undergraduates (52% female, mean age = 19.4 years) as well as a clinical sample of 105 individuals (56% female, mean age = 36.4 years) diagnosed with…

  11. Abbreviated bibliography on energy development—A focus on the Rocky Mountain Region

    Montag, Jessica M.; Willis, Carolyn J.; Glavin, Levi W.

    2011-01-01

    Energy development of all types continues to grow in the Rocky Mountain Region of the western United States. Federal resource managers increasingly need to balance energy demands, effects on the natural landscape and public perceptions towards these issues. To assist in efficient access to valuable information, this abbreviated bibliography provides citations to relevant information for myriad of issues for which resource managers must contend. The bibliography is organized by seven large topics with various sup-topics: broad energy topics (energy crisis, conservation, supply and demand, etc.); energy sources (fossil fuel, nuclear, renewable, etc.); natural landscape effects (climate change, ecosystem, mitigation, restoration, and reclamation, wildlife, water, etc.); human landscape effects (attitudes and perceptions, economics, community effects, health, Native Americans, etc.); research and technology; international research; and, methods and modeling. A large emphasis is placed on the natural and human landscape effects.

  12. The Convergent, Discriminant, and Concurrent Validity of Scores on the Abbreviated Self-Leadership Questionnaire

    Faruk Şahin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study reports the psychometric properties of a short measure of self-leadership in the Turkish context: the Abbreviated Self-Leadership Questionnaire (ASLQ. The ASLQ was examined using two samples and showed sound psychometric properties. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that nine-item ASLQ measured a single construct of self-leadership. The results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of the one-factor model of the ASLQ in relation to the 35-item Revised Self-Leadership Questionnaire and General Self-Efficacy scale, respectively. With regard to internal consistency and test-retest reliability, the ASLQ showed acceptable results. Furthermore, the results provided evidence that scores on the ASLQ positively predicted individual's self-reported task performance and self-efficacy mediated this relationship. Taken together, these findings suggest that the Turkish version of the ASLQ is a reliable and valid measure that can be used to measure self-leadership as one variable of interest in the future studies.

  13. Validity and Reliability of the Abbreviated Barratt Impulsiveness Scale in Spanish (BIS-15S)*

    Orozco-Cabal, Luis; Rodríguez, Maritza; Herin, David V.; Gempeler, Juanita; Uribe, Miguel

    2010-01-01

    Objective This study determined the validity and reliability of a new, abbreviated version of the Spanish Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-15S) in Colombian subjects. Method The BIS-15S was tested in non-clinical (n=283) and clinical (n=164) native Spanish-speakers. Intra-scale reliability was calculated using Cronbach’s α, and test-retest reliability was measured with Pearson correlations. Psychometric properties were determined using standard statistics. A factor analysis was performed to determine BIS-15S factor structure. Results 447 subjects participated in the study. Clinical subjects were older and more educated compared to non-clinical subjects. Impulsivity scores were normally distributed in each group. BIS-15S total, motor, non-planning and attention scores were significantly lower in non-clinical vs. clinical subjects. Subjects with substance-related disorders had the highest BIS-15S total scores, followed by subjects with bipolar disorders and bulimia nervosa/binge eating. Internal consistency was 0.793 and test-retest reliability was 0.80. Factor analysis confirmed a three-factor structure (attention, motor, non-planning) accounting for 47.87% of the total variance in BIS-15S total scores. Conclusions The BIS-15S is a valid and reliable self-report measure of impulsivity in this population. Further research is needed to determine additional components of impulsivity not investigated by this measure. PMID:21152412

  14. Abbreviated New Drug Applications and 505(b)(2) Applications. Final rule.

    2016-10-06

    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, the Agency, or we) is issuing a final rule to implement Title XI of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA), which amended provisions of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) that govern the approval of 505(b)(2) applications and abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs). This final rule implements portions of Title XI of the MMA that pertain to provision of notice to each patent owner and the new drug application (NDA) holder of certain patent certifications made by applicants submitting 505(b)(2) applications or ANDAs; the availability of 30-month stays of approval on 505(b)(2) applications and ANDAs that are otherwise ready to be approved; submission of amendments and supplements to 505(b)(2) applications and ANDAs; and the types of bioavailability and bioequivalence data that can be used to support these applications. This final rule also amends certain regulations regarding 505(b)(2) applications and ANDAs to facilitate compliance with and efficient enforcement of the FD&C Act.

  15. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Structure of Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale

    Farahman Farrokhi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available "nObjective: The aim of this study is to explore the confirmatory factor analysis results of the Persian adaptation of Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS, proposed by Hopko, Mahadevan, Bare & Hunt. "nMethod: The validity and reliability assessments of the scale were performed on 298 college students chosen randomly from Tabriz University in Iran. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was carried out to determine the factor structures of the Persian version of AMAS. "nResults: As expected, the two-factor solution provided a better fit to the data than a single factor. Moreover, multi-group analyses showed that this two-factor structure was invariant across sex. Hence, AMAS provides an equally valid measure for use among college students. "nConclusions:  Brief AMAS demonstrates adequate reliability and validity. The AMAS scores can be used to compare symptoms of math anxiety between male and female students. The study both expands and adds support to the existing body of math anxiety literature.

  16. Development of an abbreviated Career Indecision Profile-65 using item response theory: The CIP-Short.

    Xu, Hui; Tracey, Terence J G

    2017-03-01

    The current study developed an abbreviated version of the Career Indecision Profile-65 (CIP-65; Hacker, Carr, Abrams, & Brown, 2013) by using item response theory. In order to improve the efficiency of the CIP-65 in measuring career indecision, the individual item performance of the CIP-65 was examined with respect to the ordering of response occurrence and gender differential item functioning. The best 5 items of each scale of the CIP-65 (i.e., neuroticism/negative affectivity, choice/commitment anxiety, lack of readiness, and interpersonal conflicts) were retained in the CIP-Short using a sample of 588 college students. A validation sample (N = 174) supported the reliability and structural validity of the CIP-Short. The convergent and divergent validity of the CIP-Short was additionally supported in the findings of a hypothesized differential relational pattern in a separate sample (N = 360). While the current study supported the CIP-Short being a sound brief measure of career indecision, the limitations of this study and suggestions for future research were discussed as well. (PsycINFO Database Record

  17. Towards a Theory and View of Teaching Compressed and Abbreviated Research Methodology and Statistics Courses

    James Carifio

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the highly questionable effects of educational reform and other curriculum reshaping factors at both the high school, post-secondary and graduate levels has been the shift to teaching compressed, pared-down or abbreviated courses in still needed or required subject-matter that became de-emphasized in the current educational reformation. Research methodology, particularly the highly quantitative and experimental kind and statistics, are two still needed to some degree subject matters that has been especially affected by this demotion and compression movement at the pre-service, in-service, professional development, undergraduate, continuing education and graduate levels, even though the professional areas of education, science, business, politics and most other areas (including history have become far more quantitative and objective research oriented than in the past. Until there are more enlightened policy shifts, effective means of teaching such compressed courses need to be devised and tested, if only to lessen the negative outcomes of such critical courses. This article, therefore, analyzes compressed courses from the point of view of cognitive learning and then describes 5 methods and approaches that were tested to improve the effectiveness of research methodology and statistics courses taught in these formats. Each of the formats helped to reduce student stress and anxiety about the content and its compressed presentation and improved understanding and achievement. The theory and view developed in this article is also applicable to similar compressed courses for scientific and/or technical content which are currently prevalent in allied health and biotechnology areas.

  18. The Modified Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: A Valid and Reliable Instrument for Use with Children

    Carey, Emma; Hill, Francesca; Devine, Amy; Szűcs, Dénes

    2017-01-01

    Mathematics anxiety (MA) can be observed in children from primary school age into the teenage years and adulthood, but many MA rating scales are only suitable for use with adults or older adolescents. We have adapted one such rating scale, the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS), to be used with British children aged 8–13. In this study, we assess the scale's reliability, factor structure, and divergent validity. The modified AMAS (mAMAS) was administered to a very large (n = 1746) cohort of British children and adolescents. This large sample size meant that as well as conducting confirmatory factor analysis on the scale itself, we were also able to split the sample to conduct exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of items from the mAMAS alongside items from child test anxiety and general anxiety rating scales. Factor analysis of the mAMAS confirmed that it has the same underlying factor structure as the original AMAS, with subscales measuring anxiety about Learning and Evaluation in math. Furthermore, both exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of the mAMAS alongside scales measuring test anxiety and general anxiety showed that mAMAS items cluster onto one factor (perceived to represent MA). The mAMAS provides a valid and reliable scale for measuring MA in children and adolescents, from a younger age than is possible with the original AMAS. Results from this study also suggest that MA is truly a unique construct, separate from both test anxiety and general anxiety, even in childhood. PMID:28154542

  19. Does a booster intervention augment the preventive effects of an abbreviated version of the coping power program for aggressive children?

    Lochman, John E; Baden, Rachel E; Boxmeyer, Caroline L; Powell, Nicole P; Qu, Lixin; Salekin, Karen L; Windle, Michel

    2014-01-01

    Booster interventions have been presumed to be important methods for maintaining the effects of evidence-based programs for children with behavioral problems, but there has been remarkably little empirical attention to this assumption. The present study examines the effect of a child-oriented booster preventive intervention with children who had previously received an abbreviated version (24 child sessions, 10 parent sessions) of the Coping Power targeted prevention program. Two hundred and forty-one children (152 boys, 89 girls) were screened as having moderate to high levels of aggressive behavior in 4th grade, then half were randomly assigned to receive the abbreviated Coping Power program in 5th grade, and half of the preventive intervention children were then randomly assigned to a Booster condition in 6th grade. The Booster sessions consisted of brief monthly individual contacts, and were primarily with the children. Five assessments across 4 years were collected from teachers, providing a three-year follow-up for all children who participated in the project. Results indicated that the abbreviated Coping Power program (one-third shorter than the full intervention) had long-term effects in reducing children's externalizing problem behaviors, proactive and reactive aggression, impulsivity traits and callous-unemotional traits. The Booster intervention did not augment these prevention effects. These findings indicate that a briefer and more readily disseminated form of an evidence-based targeted preventive intervention was effective. The findings have potential implications for policy and guidelines about possible intervention length and booster interventions.

  20. Coelomogenesis during the abbreviated development of the echinoid Heliocidaris erythrogramma and the developmental origin of the echinoderm pentameral body plan.

    Morris, Valerie B

    2011-01-01

    The development of the coeloms is described in an echinoid with an abbreviated larval development and shows the early morphogenesis of the coeloms of the adult stage. The development is described from images obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. The development in Heliocidaris erythrogramma is asymmetric with a larger left coelom forming on the larval-left side and a smaller right coelom forming on the larval-right side. The right coelom forms after the development of the left coelom is well advanced. The hydrocoele forms from the anterior part of the left coelom. The five lobes of the hydrocoele from which the pentamery of the adult derives take shape on the outer, distal wall of the anterior part of the left coelom. The hydrocoele separates from the more posterior part of the left coelom, which becomes the left posterior coelom. The lobes of the hydrocoele are named, based on the site of the connexion of the stone canal to the hydrocoele. The mouth is assumed to form by penetration through only the outer, distal wall of the hydrocoele and the ectoderm. Both larval and adult polarities are evident in this larva. A comparison with coelomogenesis in the asteroid Parvulastra exigua, which also has an abbreviated development, leads to predictions of homology between the echinoderm and chordate phyla that do not require the hypothesis of a dorsoventral inversion event in chordates.

  1. Self efficacy for fruit, vegetable and water intakes: Expanded and abbreviated scales from item response modeling analyses

    Cullen Karen W

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective To improve an existing measure of fruit and vegetable intake self efficacy by including items that varied on levels of difficulty, and testing a corresponding measure of water intake self efficacy. Design Cross sectional assessment. Items were modified to have easy, moderate and difficult levels of self efficacy. Classical test theory and item response modeling were applied. Setting One middle school at each of seven participating sites (Houston TX, Irvine CA, Philadelphia PA, Pittsburg PA, Portland OR, rural NC, and San Antonio TX. Subjects 714 6th grade students. Results Adding items to reflect level (low, medium, high of self efficacy for fruit and vegetable intake achieved scale reliability and validity comparable to existing scales, but the distribution of items across the latent variable did not improve. Selecting items from among clusters of items at similar levels of difficulty along the latent variable resulted in an abbreviated scale with psychometric characteristics comparable to the full scale, except for reliability. Conclusions The abbreviated scale can reduce participant burden. Additional research is necessary to generate items that better distribute across the latent variable. Additional items may need to tap confidence in overcoming more diverse barriers to dietary intake.

  2. Mensuração da gravidade do trauma com as versões 1998 e 2005 da Abbreviated Injury Scale

    Maria Carolina Barbosa Teixeira Lopes; Iveth Yamaguchi Whitaker

    2014-01-01

    Objetivo: Comparar a gravidade das lesões e do trauma mensurada pelas versões da Abbreviated Injury Scale 1998 e 2005 e verificar a mortalidade nos escores Injury Severity Score e New Injury Severity Score nas duas versões.Método: Estudo transversal e retrospectivo analisou lesões de pacientes de trauma, de três hospitais universitários do município de São Paulo, Brasil. Cada lesão foi codificada com Abbreviated Injury Scale 1998 e 2005. Os testes estatísticos aplicados foram Wilcoxon, McNema...

  3. 21 CFR 314.107 - Effective date of approval of a 505(b)(2) application or abbreviated new drug application under...

    2010-04-01

    ... introduction into interstate commerce when approval of the application or abbreviated application for the drug... for 5 years of exclusive marketing under § 314.108(b)(2) and the patent owner or its representative or... application first commences commercial marketing of its drug product; or (ii) The date of a decision of...

  4. The Self-report Standardized Assessment of Personality-abbreviated Scale: Preliminary results of a brief screening test for personality disorders

    Germans, S.; Heck, G.L. van; Moran, P.; Hodiamont, P.P.G.

    2009-01-01

    Objective The internal consistency, test-retest reliability and validity of the Self-report Standardized Assessment of Personality-abbreviated Scale (SAPAS-SR) as a screening instrument for personality disorders were studied in a random sample of 195 Dutch psychiatric outpatients, using the Structu

  5. Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) symptom assessment form total symptom score: Prospective international assessment of an abbreviated symptom burden scoring system among patients with MPNs

    R.M. Emanuel (Robyn); A.C. Dueck (Amylou); H.L. Geyer (Holly); J.J. Kiladjian; S. Slot (Stefanie); S. Zweegman (Sonja); P.A.W. te Boekhorst (Peter); S. Commandeur (Suzan); H. Schouten (Harry); F. Sackmann (Federico); A.K. Fuentes (Ana Kerguelen); D. Hernández-Maraver (Dolores); C. Pahl (Clemens); M. Griesshammer (Martin); F. Stegelmann (Frank); K. Doehner (Konstanze); T. Lehmann (Thomas); K. Bonatz (Karin); A. Reiter (Alfred); F. Boyer (Francoise); J. Etienne (Jerome); J.-C. Ianotto (Jean-Christophe); D. Ranta (Dana); L. Roy (Lydia); J.-Y. Cahn (Jean-Yves); C.N. Harrison (Claire); D. Radia (Deepti); P. Muxi (Pablo); N. Maldonado (Norman); C. Besses (Carlos); F. Cervantes (Francisco); P.L. Johansson (Peter); T. Barbui (Tiziano); G. Barosi (Giovanni); A.M. Vannucchi (Alessandro); F. Passamonti (Francesco); B. Andreasson (Bjorn); M.L. Ferarri (Maria); A. Rambaldi (Alessandro); J. Samuelsson (Jan); G. Birgegard (Gunnar); A. Tefferi (Ayalew); A.A. Mesa

    2012-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) symptoms are troublesome to patients, and alleviation of this burden represents a paramount treatment objective in the development of MPN-directed therapies. We aimed to assess the utility of an abbreviated symptom score for the most pertinent a

  6. Screening for personality disorder with the Standardised Assessment of Personality: Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS: further evidence of concurrent validity

    Moran Paul

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The assessment of personality disorders (PD is costly and time-consuming. There is a need for a brief screen for personality disorders that can be used in routine clinical settings and epidemiological surveys. Aims: To test the validity of the Standardised Assessment of Personality: Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS as a screen for PD in a clinical sample of substance abusers. Methods Convergent validity of the SAPAS with both categorical and dimensional representations of personality disorders was estimated. Results In this sample, the SAPAS correlated well with dimensional representations of cluster A and C personality disorders, even after controlling for ADHD symptoms, anxiety/depression symptoms and recent substance use. The SAPAS was also significantly associated with total number of PD criteria, although correlation with categorical measures of PD was weak. Conclusions The SAPAS is an valid brief screen for PD as assessed dimensionally.

  7. Measuring health outcomes of a multidisciplinary care approach in individuals with chronic environmental conditions using an abbreviated symptoms questionnaire

    Roy Fox

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Roy Fox1, Tara Sampalli1, Jonathan Fox11Nova Scotia Environmental Health Centre, Fall River, NS, CanadaAbstract: The Nova Scotia Environmental Health Centre is a treatment facility for individuals with chronic environmental conditions such as multiple chemical sensitivity, chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, chronic respiratory conditions and in some cases chronic pain. The premise of care is to provide a patient-centred multidisciplinary care approach leading to self-management strategies. In order to measure the outcome of the treatment in these complex problems, with overlapping diagnoses, symptoms in many body systems and suspected environmental triggers, a detailed symptoms questionnaire was developed specifically for this patient population and validated. Results from a pilot study in which an abbreviated symptoms questionnaire based on the top reported symptoms captured in previous research was used to measure the efficacy of a multidisciplinary care approach in individuals with multiple chemical sensitivity are presented in this paper. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent, type and patterns of changes over time in the top reported symptoms with treatment measured using the abbreviated symptoms questionnaire. A total of 183 active and 109 discharged patients participated in the study where the health status was measured at different time periods of follow up since the commencement of treatment at the Centre. The findings from this study were successful in generating an initial picture of the nature and type of changes in these symptoms. For instance, symptoms such as difficulty concentrating, sinus conditions and tiredness showed early improvement, within the first 6 months of being in treatment, while others, such as fatigue, hoarseness or loss of voice, took longer while others showed inconsistent changes warranting further enquiry. A controlled longitudinal study is planned to confirm the findings of the pilot study

  8. Development and validation of a complementary map to enhance the existing 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map

    McLellan Susan

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Many trauma registries have used the Abbreviated Injury Scale 1990 Revision Update 98 (AIS98 to classify injuries. In the current AIS version (Abbreviated Injury Scale 2005 Update 2008 - AIS08, injury classification and specificity differ substantially from AIS98, and the mapping tools provided in the AIS08 dictionary are incomplete. As a result, data from different AIS versions cannot currently be compared. The aim of this study was to develop an additional AIS98 to AIS08 mapping tool to complement the current AIS dictionary map, and then to evaluate the completed map (produced by combining these two maps using double-coded data. The value of additional information provided by free text descriptions accompanying assigned codes was also assessed. Methods Using a modified Delphi process, a panel of expert AIS coders established plausible AIS08 equivalents for the 153 AIS98 codes which currently have no AIS08 map. A series of major trauma patients whose injuries had been double-coded in AIS98 and AIS08 was used to assess the maps; both of the AIS datasets had already been mapped to another AIS version using the AIS dictionary maps. Following application of the completed (enhanced map with or without free text evaluation, up to six AIS codes were available for each injury. Datasets were assessed for agreement in injury severity measures, and the relative performances of the maps in accurately describing the trauma population were evaluated. Results The double-coded injuries sustained by 109 patients were used to assess the maps. For data conversion from AIS98, both the enhanced map and the enhanced map with free text description resulted in higher levels of accuracy and agreement with directly coded AIS08 data than the currently available dictionary map. Paired comparisons demonstrated significant differences between direct coding and the dictionary maps, but not with either of the enhanced maps. Conclusions The newly

  9. Modeling the structure of the attitudes and belief scale 2 using CFA and bifactor approaches: Toward the development of an abbreviated version.

    Hyland, Philip; Shevlin, Mark; Adamson, Gary; Boduszek, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The Attitudes and Belief Scale-2 (ABS-2: DiGiuseppe, Leaf, Exner, & Robin, 1988. The development of a measure of rational/irrational thinking. Paper presented at the World Congress of Behavior Therapy, Edinburg, Scotland.) is a 72-item self-report measure of evaluative rational and irrational beliefs widely used in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy research contexts. However, little psychometric evidence exists regarding the measure's underlying factor structure. Furthermore, given the length of the ABS-2 there is a need for an abbreviated version that can be administered when there are time demands on the researcher, such as in clinical settings. This study sought to examine a series of theoretical models hypothesized to represent the latent structure of the ABS-2 within an alternative models framework using traditional confirmatory factor analysis as well as utilizing a bifactor modeling approach. Furthermore, this study also sought to develop a psychometrically sound abbreviated version of the ABS-2. Three hundred and thirteen (N = 313) active emergency service personnel completed the ABS-2. Results indicated that for each model, the application of bifactor modeling procedures improved model fit statistics, and a novel eight-factor intercorrelated solution was identified as the best fitting model of the ABS-2. However, the observed fit indices failed to satisfy commonly accepted standards. A 24-item abbreviated version was thus constructed and an intercorrelated eight-factor solution yielded satisfactory model fit statistics. Current results support the use of a bifactor modeling approach to determining the factor structure of the ABS-2. Furthermore, results provide empirical support for the psychometric properties of the newly developed abbreviated version.

  10. Abbreviated World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-Bref) in north Indian patients with bronchial asthma: an evaluation using Rasch analysis

    Aggarwal, Ashutosh N.; Agarwal, Ritesh; Gupta, Dheeraj

    2014-01-01

    Background: There is no disease-specific instrument to describe health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Indian patients with asthma. However, an abbreviated World Health Organization Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL-Bref), a generic Hindi HRQoL measure, has been developed and validated in India. Aims: To evaluate the WHOQOL-Bref in adult patients with asthma and to test possible modifications to the instrument to improve its psychometric adequacy. Methods: Sixty-seven patients with ast...

  11. Math Anxiety Assessment with the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: Applicability and usefulness: insights from the Polish adaptation

    Krzysztof eCipora

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Math anxiety has an important impact on mathematical development and performance. However, although math anxiety is supposed to be a transcultural trait, assessment instruments are scarce and are validated mainly for Western cultures so far. Therefore, we aimed at examining the transcultural generality of math anxiety by a thorough investigation of the validity of math anxiety assessment in Eastern Europe. We investigated the validity and reliability of a Polish adaptation of the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS, known to have very good psychometric characteristics in its original, American-English version as well as in its Italian and Iranian adaptations.We also observed high reliability, both for internal consistency and test-retest stability of the AMAS in the Polish sample. The results also show very good construct, convergent and discriminant validity: The factorial structure in Polish adult participants (n = 857 was very similar to the one previously found in other samples; AMAS scores correlated moderately in expected directions with state and trait anxiety, self-assessed math achievement and skill as well temperamental traits of emotional reactivity, briskness, endurance and perseverance. Average scores obtained by participants as well as gender differences and correlations with external measures were also similar across cultures. Beyond the cultural comparison, we used path model analyses to show that math anxiety relates to math grades and self-competence when controlling for trait anxiety.The current study shows transcultural validity of math anxiety assessment with the AMAS.

  12. Math Anxiety Assessment with the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: Applicability and Usefulness: Insights from the Polish Adaptation.

    Cipora, Krzysztof; Szczygieł, Monika; Willmes, Klaus; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph

    2015-01-01

    Math anxiety has an important impact on mathematical development and performance. However, although math anxiety is supposed to be a transcultural trait, assessment instruments are scarce and are validated mainly for Western cultures so far. Therefore, we aimed at examining the transcultural generality of math anxiety by a thorough investigation of the validity of math anxiety assessment in Eastern Europe. We investigated the validity and reliability of a Polish adaptation of the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS), known to have very good psychometric characteristics in its original, American-English version as well as in its Italian and Iranian adaptations. We also observed high reliability, both for internal consistency and test-retest stability of the AMAS in the Polish sample. The results also show very good construct, convergent and discriminant validity: The factorial structure in Polish adult participants (n = 857) was very similar to the one previously found in other samples; AMAS scores correlated moderately in expected directions with state and trait anxiety, self-assessed math achievement and skill as well temperamental traits of emotional reactivity, briskness, endurance, and perseverance. Average scores obtained by participants as well as gender differences and correlations with external measures were also similar across cultures. Beyond the cultural comparison, we used path model analyses to show that math anxiety relates to math grades and self-competence when controlling for trait anxiety. The current study shows transcultural validity of math anxiety assessment with the AMAS.

  13. 两种不同类型的缩略词语:用语缩略与造词缩略——兼论海峡两岸缩略词语的类型差异%Two kinds of Abbreviations:Abbreviations about Using and Abbreviation about Coinages——On Different Types across the Taiwan Strait

    刁晏斌

    2011-01-01

    Abbreviations in Modern Chinese are a very complex set which can be divided as abbreviations about using and abbreviation about coinages,depending on their generated motivations and generative process.The former focuses on the convenient form of language use about the relatively fixed form of language.The latter is a kind of combination which is not associated with a relatively fixed strictly corresponded to the original style,using the abbreviated form of word-building materials.They have different focuses and correspond to different issues.The mechanism and procedure of generating and the surface meanings are also different.In the framework of dichotomy,there are significant difference between abbreviations in Taiwan Mandarin and mainland Mandarin: as to abbreviations about using,it includes less Numeral Compact Expressions,more common names and more compaction of Three-syllable words;as to abbreviation about coinages,it includes less fixed terms but more temporary words.%现代汉语缩略词语是一个非常复杂的集合,可以根据其产生动机和生成过程等的差异,分为"用语的缩略"和"造词的缩略",前者因着眼于对已有相对固定语言形式的便捷使用而生,后者则是不与某一相对固定的原式严格对应的、利用缩略性构词材料构成的组合形式。二者的着眼点不同,对应物不同,产生机制和过程不同,在表义上也有差异。在这个二分的框架下,可以看到台湾"国语"缩略词语与普通话的明显差异:就用语缩略来说,是数字略语少、合称多、三音节词的简缩多;就造词缩略来看,则是固定词少而临时词多。

  14. Abbreviation of larval development and extension of brood care as key features of the evolution of freshwater Decapoda.

    Vogt, Günter

    2013-02-01

    The transition from marine to freshwater habitats is one of the major steps in the evolution of life. In the decapod crustaceans, four groups have colonized fresh water at different geological times since the Triassic, the freshwater shrimps, freshwater crayfish, freshwater crabs and freshwater anomurans. Some families have even colonized terrestrial habitats via the freshwater route or directly via the sea shore. Since none of these taxa has ever reinvaded its environment of origin the Decapoda appear particularly suitable to investigate life-history adaptations to fresh water. Evolutionary comparison of marine, freshwater and terrestrial decapods suggests that the reduction of egg number, abbreviation of larval development, extension of brood care and lecithotrophy of the first posthatching life stages are key adaptations to fresh water. Marine decapods usually have high numbers of small eggs and develop through a prolonged planktonic larval cycle, whereas the production of small numbers of large eggs, direct development and extended brood care until the juvenile stage is the rule in freshwater crayfish, primary freshwater crabs and aeglid anomurans. The amphidromous freshwater shrimp and freshwater crab species and all terrestrial decapods that invaded land via the sea shore have retained ocean-type planktonic development. Abbreviation of larval development and extension of brood care are interpreted as adaptations to the particularly strong variations of hydrodynamic parameters, physico-chemical factors and phytoplankton availability in freshwater habitats. These life-history changes increase fitness of the offspring and are obviously favoured by natural selection, explaining their multiple origins in fresh water. There is no evidence for their early evolution in the marine ancestors of the extant freshwater groups and a preadaptive role for the conquest of fresh water. The costs of the shift from relative r- to K-strategy in freshwater decapods are traded

  15. SLAM-enriched hematopoietic stem cells maintain long-term repopulating capacity after lentiviral transduction using an abbreviated protocol.

    Laje, P; Zoltick, P W; Flake, A W

    2010-03-01

    Gene transfer to long-term repopulating hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) using integrating viral vectors is an important goal in gene therapy. The SLAM (signaling lymphocyte activation molecule)-family receptors have recently been used for the isolation of highly enriched murine HSCs. This HSC enrichment protocol is relatively simple, and results in an HSC population with comparable repopulating capacity to c-kit(+)lin(-)Sca-1(+) (KSL) HSCs. The capacity to withstand genetic manipulation and, most importantly, to maintain long-term repopulating capacity of SLAM-enriched HSC populations has not been reported. In this study, SLAM-enriched HSCs were assessed for transduction efficiency and in vivo long-term repopulating capacity after lentiviral transduction using an abbreviated transduction protocol and KSL-enriched HSCs as a reference population. SLAM- and KSL-enriched HSCs were efficiently transduced by lentiviral vector using a simple protocol that involves minimal in vitro manipulation and no pre-stimulation. SLAM-HSCs are at least equal to KSL-HSCs with respect to efficiency of transduction and maintenance of long-term repopulating capacity. Although there was a reduction in repopulating capacity related to enrichment and culture manipulations relative to freshly isolated bone marrow (BM) cells, no detrimental effects were identified on long-term competitive capacity related to transduction, as transduced cells maintained stable levels of chimerism in competition with non-transduced cells and freshly isolated BM cells. These results support the SLAM-HSC enrichment protocol as a simple and efficient method for HSC enrichment for gene transfer studies.

  16. An Abbreviated Protocol for In Vitro Generation of Functional Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Beta-Like Cells

    Massumi, Mohammad; Pourasgari, Farzaneh; Nalla, Amarnadh; Batchuluun, Battsetseg; Nagy, Kristina; Neely, Eric; Gull, Rida; Nagy, Andras; Wheeler, Michael B.

    2016-01-01

    The ability to yield glucose-responsive pancreatic beta-cells from human pluripotent stem cells in vitro will facilitate the development of the cell replacement therapies for the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes. Here, through the sequential in vitro targeting of selected signaling pathways, we have developed an abbreviated five-stage protocol (25–30 days) to generate human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Beta-like Cells (ES-DBCs). We showed that Geltrex, as an extracellular matrix, could support the generation of ES-DBCs more efficiently than that of the previously described culture systems. The activation of FGF and Retinoic Acid along with the inhibition of BMP, SHH and TGF-beta led to the generation of 75% NKX6.1+/NGN3+ Endocrine Progenitors. The inhibition of Notch and tyrosine kinase receptor AXL, and the treatment with Exendin-4 and T3 in the final stage resulted in 35% mono-hormonal insulin positive cells, 1% insulin and glucagon positive cells and 30% insulin and NKX6.1 co-expressing cells. Functionally, ES-DBCs were responsive to high glucose in static incubation and perifusion studies, and could secrete insulin in response to successive glucose stimulations. Mitochondrial metabolic flux analyses using Seahorse demonstrated that the ES-DBCs could efficiently metabolize glucose and generate intracellular signals to trigger insulin secretion. In conclusion, targeting selected signaling pathways for 25–30 days was sufficient to generate ES-DBCs in vitro. The ability of ES-DBCs to secrete insulin in response to glucose renders them a promising model for the in vitro screening of drugs, small molecules or genes that may have potential to influence beta-cell function. PMID:27755557

  17. Use of an abbreviated neuroscience education approach in the treatment of chronic low back pain: a case report.

    Louw, Adriaan; Puentedura, Emilio Louie; Mintken, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Chronic low back pain (CLBP) remains prevalent in society, and conservative treatment strategies appear to have little effect. It is proposed that patients with CLBP may have altered cognition and increased fear, which impacts their ability to move, perform exercise, and partake in activities of daily living. Neuroscience education (NE) aims to change a patient's cognition regarding their pain state, which may result in decreased fear, ultimately resulting in confrontation of pain barriers and a resumption of normal activities. A 64-year-old female with history of CLBP was the patient for this case report. A physical examination, the Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ), and Zung Depression Scale were assessed during her initial physical therapy visit, immediately after her first physical therapy session, and at 7-month follow-up. Treatment consisted of an abbreviated NE approach, exercises (range of motion, stretches, and cardiovascular), and aquatic therapy. She attended twice a week for 4 weeks, or 8 visits total. Pre-NE, the patient reported NPRS = 9/10; ODI = 54%; FABQ-W = 25/42,; FABQ-PA = 20/24, and Zung = 58. Immediately following the 75-minute evaluation and NE session, the patient reported improvement in all four outcome measures, most notably a reduction in the FABQ-W score to 2/42 and the FABQ-PA to 1/24. At a 7-month follow-up, all outcome measures continued to be improved. NE aimed at decreasing fear associated with movement may be a valuable adjunct to movement-based therapy, such as exercise, for patients with CLBP.

  18. The abbreviated impactor measurement (AIM) concept: part 1--Influence of particle bounce and re-entrainment-evaluation with a "dry" pressurized metered dose inhaler (pMDI)-based formulation.

    Mitchell, J P; Nagel, M W; Avvakoumova, V; MacKay, H; Ali, R

    2009-01-01

    The abbreviated impactor measurement concept is a potential improvement to the labor-intensive full-resolution cascade impactor methodology for inhaler aerosol aerodynamic particle size distribution (APSD) measurement by virtue of being simpler and therefore quicker to execute. At the same time, improved measurement precision should be possible by eliminating stages upon which little or no drug mass is collected. Although several designs of abbreviated impactor systems have been developed in recent years, experimental work is lacking to validate the technique with aerosols produced by currently available inhalers. In part 1 of this two-part article that focuses on aerosols produced by pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDIs), the evaluation of two abbreviated impactor systems (Copley fast screening Andersen impactor and Trudell fast screening Andersen impactor), based on the full-resolution eight-stage Andersen nonviable cascade impactor (ACI) operating principle, is reported with a formulation producing dry particles. The purpose was to investigate the potential for non-ideal collection behavior associated with particle bounce in relation to internal losses to surfaces from which particles containing active pharmaceutical ingredient are not normally recovered. Both abbreviated impactors were found to be substantially equivalent to the full-resolution ACI in terms of extra-fine and fine particle and coarse mass fractions used as metrics to characterize the APSD of these pMDI-produced aerosols when sampled at 28.3 L/min, provided that precautions are taken to coat collection plates to minimize bounce and entrainment.

  19. Detecting malingering in traumatic brain injury and chronic pain with an abbreviated version of the Meyers Index for the MMPI-2.

    Aguerrevere, Luis E; Greve, Kevin W; Bianchini, Kevin J; Meyers, John E

    2008-01-01

    Meyers, Millis, and Volkert [Meyers, J. E., Millis, S. R., & Volkert, K. (2002). A validity index for the MMPI-2. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 157-169] developed a method to detect malingering in chronic pain patients using seven scales from the Minnesota Multiphasic Inventory-2 (MMPI-2). This method may be impractical because two of the scales (Obvious minus Subtle and Dissimulation-revised) are not reported by the commercially available Pearson computerized scoring system. The current study recalculated the Meyers Index using the five Pearson-provided scales in the chronic pain data sets of Meyers et al. [Meyers, J. E., Millis, S. R., & Volkert, K. (2002). A validity index for the MMPI-2. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 157-169] and Bianchini, Etherton, Greve, Heinly, and Meyers [Bianchini, K. J., Etherton, J. L., Greve, K. W., Heinly, M. T., & Meyers, J. E. (in press). Classification accuracy of MMPI-2 validity scales in the detection of pain-related malingering: A known-groups approach. Assessment], and the traumatic brain injury data of Greve, Bianchini, Love, Brennan, and Heinly [Greve, K. W., Bianchini, K. J., Love, J. M., Brennan, A., & Heinly, M. T. (2006). Sensitivity and specificity of MMPI-2 validity scales and indicators to malingered neurocognitive dysfunction in traumatic brain injury. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 20, 491-512]. Classification accuracy of the abbreviated Meyers Index was comparable to the original. These findings demonstrate that the abbreviated Meyers Index can be used as a substitute of the original Meyers Index without decrements in classification accuracy.

  20. Associations between performance on an abbreviated CogState battery, other measures of cognitive function, and biomarkers in people at risk for Alzheimer’s disease

    Racine, Annie M.; Clark, Lindsay R.; Berman, Sara E.; Koscik, Rebecca L.; Mueller, Kimberly D.; Norton, Derek; Nicholas, Christopher R.; Blennow, Kaj; Zetterberg, Henrik; Jedynak, Bruno; Bilgel, Murat; Carlsson, Cynthia M.; Christian, Bradley T.; Asthana, Sanjay; Johnson, Sterling C.

    2016-01-01

    It is not known whether computerized cognitive assessments, like the CogState battery, are sensitive to preclinical cognitive changes or pathology in people at risk for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In 469 late middle-aged participants from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer’s Prevention (mean age 63.8±7 years at testing; 67% female; 39% APOE4+), we examined relationships between a CogState abbreviated battery (CAB) of seven tests and demographic characteristics, traditional paper-based neuropsychological tests as well as a composite cognitive impairment index, cognitive impairment status (determined by consensus review); and biomarkers for amyloid and tau (CSF phosphorylated-tau/Aβ42 and global PET-PiB burden) and neural injury (CSF neurofilament light protein). CSF and PET-PiB were collected in n=71 and n=91 participants, respectively, approximately four years prior to CAB testing. For comparison, we examined three traditional tests of delayed memory in parallel. Similar to studies in older samples, the CAB was less influenced by demographic factors than traditional tests. CAB tests were generally correlated with most paper-based cognitive tests examined and mapped onto the same cognitive domains. Greater composite cognitive impairment index was associated with worse performance on all CAB tests. Cognitively impaired participants performed significantly worse compared to normal controls on all but one CAB test. Poorer One Card Learning test performance was associated with higher levels of CSF phosphorylated-tau/Aβ42. These results support the use of the CogState battery as measures of early cognitive impairment in studies of people at risk for AD. PMID:27589532

  1. Screening for personality disorder in incarcerated adolescent boys: preliminary validation of an adolescent version of the standardised assessment of personality – abbreviated scale (SAPAS-AV

    Kongerslev Mickey

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Personality disorder (PD is associated with significant functional impairment and an elevated risk of violent and suicidal behaviour. The prevalence of PD in populations of young offenders is likely to be high. However, because the assessment of PD is time-consuming, it is not routinely assessed in this population. A brief screen for the identification of young people who might warrant further detailed assessment of PD could be particularly valuable for clinicians and researchers working in juvenile justice settings. Method We adapted a rapid screen for the identification of PD in adults (Standardised Assessment of Personality – Abbreviated Scale; SAPAS for use with adolescents and then carried out a study of the reliability and validity of the adapted instrument in a sample of 80 adolescent boys in secure institutions. Participants were administered the screen and shortly after an established diagnostic interview for DSM-IV PDs. Nine days later the screen was readministered. Results A score of 3 or more on the screening interview correctly identified the presence of DSM-IV PD in 86% of participants, yielding a sensitivity and specificity of 0.87 and 0.86 respectively. Internal consistency was modest but comparable to the original instrument. 9-days test-retest reliability for the total score was excellent. Convergent validity correlations with the total number of PD criteria were large. Conclusion This study provides preliminary evidence of the validity, reliability, and usefulness of the screen in secure institutions for adolescent male offenders. It can be used in juvenile offender institutions with limited resources, as a brief, acceptable, staff-administered routine screen to identify individuals in need of further assessment of PD or by researchers conducting epidemiological surveys.

  2. Risk adapted transmission prophylaxis to prevent vertical HIV–1 transmission: Effectiveness and safety of an abbreviated regimen of postnatal oral Zidovudine

    Neubert Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Antiretroviral drugs including zidovudine (ZDV are effective in reducing HIV mother to child transmission (MTCT, however safety concern remains. The optimal duration of postnatal ZDV has not been established in clinical studies and there is a lack of consensus regarding optimal management. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of a risk adapted two week course of oral postnatal ZDV as part of a combined intervention to reduce MTCT. Methods 118 mother infant pairs were treated according to the German-Austrian recommendations for HIV therapy in pregnancy and in HIV exposed newborns between 2000–2010. In the absence of factors associated with an increased HIV–1 transmission risk, children were assigned to the low risk group and treated with an abbreviated postnatal regimen with oral ZDV for 2 weeks. In the presence of risk factors, postnatal ZDV was escalated accordingly. Results Of 118 mother-infant pairs 79 were stratified to the low risk group, 27 to the high risk group and 11 to the very high risk group for HIV–1 MTCT. 4 children were lost to follow up. Overall Transmission risk in the group regardless of risk factors and completion of prophylaxis was 1.8% (95% confidence interval (CI 0.09–6.6. If transmission prophylaxis was complete, transmission risk was 0.9% (95% CI 0.01-5.7. In the low risk group receiving two week oral ZDV transmission risk was 1.4% (95% CI 0.01–8.4 Conclusion These data demonstrate the effectiveness of a short neonatal ZDV regimen in infants of women on stable ART and effective HIV–1 suppression. Further evaluation is needed in larger studies.

  3. Assessment of the effects and limitations of the 1998 to 2008 Abbreviated Injury Scale map using a large population-based dataset

    Franklyn Melanie

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Trauma systems should consistently monitor a given trauma population over a period of time. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS and derived scores such as the Injury Severity Score (ISS are commonly used to quantify injury severities in trauma registries. To reflect contemporary trauma management and treatment, the most recent version of the AIS (AIS08 contains many codes which differ in severity from their equivalents in the earlier 1998 version (AIS98. Consequently, the adoption of AIS08 may impede comparisons between data coded using different AIS versions. It may also affect the number of patients classified as major trauma. Methods The entire AIS98-coded injury dataset of a large population based trauma registry was retrieved and mapped to AIS08 using the currently available AIS98-AIS08 dictionary map. The percentage of codes which had increased or decreased in severity, or could not be mapped, was examined in conjunction with the effect of these changes to the calculated ISS. The potential for free text information accompanying AIS coding to improve the quality of AIS mapping was explored. Results A total of 128280 AIS98-coded injuries were evaluated in 32134 patients, 15471 patients of whom were classified as major trauma. Although only 4.5% of dictionary codes decreased in severity from AIS98 to AIS08, this represented almost 13% of injuries in the registry. In 4.9% of patients, no injuries could be mapped. ISS was potentially unreliable in one-third of patients, as they had at least one AIS98 code which could not be mapped. Using AIS08, the number of patients classified as major trauma decreased by between 17.3% and 30.3%. Evaluation of free text descriptions for some injuries demonstrated the potential to improve mapping between AIS versions. Conclusions Converting AIS98-coded data to AIS08 results in a significant decrease in the number of patients classified as major trauma. Many AIS98 codes are missing from the

  4. Impact of an Abbreviated Cardiac Enzyme Protocol to Aid Rapid Discharge of Patients with Cocaine-associated Chest Pain in the Clinical Decision Unit

    Faheem W. Guirgis

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In 2007 there were 64,000 visits to the emergency department (ED for possible myocardial infarction (MI related to cocaine use. Prior studies have demonstrated that low- to intermediate-risk patients with cocaine-associated chest pain can be safely discharged after 9-12 hours of observation. The goal of this study was to determine the safety of an 8-hour protocol for ruling out MI in patients who presented with cocaine-associated chest pain. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients treated with an 8-hour cocaine chest pain protocol between May 1, 2011 and November 30, 2012 who were sent to the clinical decision unit (CDU for observation. The protocol included serial cardiac biomarker testing with Troponin-T, CK-MB (including delta CK-MB, and total CK at 0, 2, 4, and 8 hours after presentation with cardiac monitoring for the observation period. Patients were followed up for adverse cardiac events or death within 30 days of discharge. Results: There were 111 admissions to the CDU for cocaine chest pain during the study period. One patient had a delta CK-MB of 1.6 ng/ml, but had negative Troponin-T at all time points. No patient had a positive Troponin-T or CK-MB at 0, 2, 4 or 8 hours, and there were no MIs or deaths within 30 days of discharge. Most patients were discharged home (103 and there were 8 inpatient admissions from the CDU. Of the admitted patients, 2 had additional stress tests that were negative, 1 had additional cardiac biomarkers that were negative, and all 8 patients were discharged home. The estimated risk of missing MI using our protocol is, with 99% confidence, less than 5.1% and with 95% confidence, less than 3.6% (99% CI, 0-5.1%; 95% CI, 0-3.6%. Conclusion: Application of an abbreviated cardiac enzyme protocol resulted in the safe and rapid discharge of patients presenting to the ED with cocaine-associated chest pain. [West J Emerg Med. 2014;15(2:180–183.

  5. Safety of oral glutamine in the abbreviation of preoperative fasting: a double-blind, controlled, randomized clinical trial Seguridad de la glutamina oral en la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio: un ensayo clínico doble ciego, controlado, aleatorizado

    D. Borges Dock-Nascimento; J. E. D Aguilar-Nascimento; C. Caporossi; M. Sepulveda Magalhães Faria; R. Bragagnolo; F. S. Caporossi; D. Linetzky Waitzberg

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: No study so far has tested a beverage containing glutamine 2 h before anesthesia in patients undergoing surgery. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate: 1) the safety of the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with a carbohydrate-L-glutamine-rich drink; and 2) the residual gastric volume (RGV) measured after the induction of anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods: Randomized controlled trial with 56 women (42 (17-65) years-old) submitted to e...

  6. COMOPTEVFOR Acronym and Abbreviation List (CAAL).

    1981-10-01

    ed Tor1 neck, :.. CAR Configuration Audit Review CAS Calibrated Airspeed Casualty Close Air Support Combined Antenna System Computer-assisted Search...Time to Repair MBMF Multibeam Multifrequency MCA Maintenance Capability Audit MCBF Mean Cycles Between Failures MCC Monitor Control Console MCDSP...Repairs and Alteration PERT Program Evaluation Review Technique PES Projected Engagement Scheduler PESD Program Element Summary Data PFE Post Fire

  7. Abbreviated Case Studies in Organizational Communication

    Wanguri, Deloris McGee

    2005-01-01

    The cases contained within organizational communication texts are generally two to three pages, often followed by questions. These case studies are certainly useful. They generally describe events in the present, provide some type of organizational context, include first-hand data, include a record of what people say and think, develop a…

  8. 40 CFR 86.078-3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    .... NOX—oxides of nitrogen. No.—Number. O2—oxygen. Pb—lead. pct.—percent. PDP-CVS—Positive displacement pump—constant volume sampler. ppm—parts per million by volume. ppm C—parts per million, carbon....

  9. 40 CFR 92.3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... inch gauge °R—Rankin rpm—revolutions per minute s—second(s) SAE—Society of Automotive Engineers SI...—American Petroleum Institute ASTM—American Society for Testing and Materials BHP—Brake horsepower...

  10. 40 CFR 300.4 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS NATIONAL OIL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN...—CERCLA Information System CRC—Community Relations Coordinator CRP—Community Relations Plan DRAT—District...—Remedial Investigation ROD—Record of Decision RPM—Remedial Project Manager RRC—Regional Response Center...

  11. System and Network Security Acronyms and Abbreviations

    2009-09-01

    Internet Research Task Force IS information system ISA interconnection security agreement ISA International Society of Automation ISAC information...RTO recovery time objective RTP Real-Time Transport Protocol RTU remote terminal unit or remote telemetry unit RuBAC rule-based access control R

  12. 40 CFR 94.3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... Automotive Engineers. SEA—Selective Enforcement Auditing. SI—International system of units (i.e., metric... Technical Information Service. NO—nitric oxide. NO2—nitrogen dioxide. NOX—oxides of nitrogen. No.—number....

  13. Resultados clínicos e metabólicos da abreviação do jejum com carboidratos na revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio Clinical and metabolic results of fasting abbreviation with carbohydrates in coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Gibran Roder Feguri

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Existe pouca informação sobre abreviação do jejum pré-operatório com oferta de líquidos ricos em carboidratos (CHO nas operações cardiovasculares. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar variáveis clínicas, segurança do método e efeitos no metabolismo de pacientes submetidos à abreviação do jejum na cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CRVM. MÉTODOS: Quarenta pacientes submetidos à CRVM foram randomizados para receberem 400 ml (6 horas antes e 200 mL (2 horas antes de maltodextrina a 12,5% (Grupo I, n=20 ou apenas água (Grupo II, n=20 antes da indução anestésica. Foram avaliadas diversas variáveis clínicas no perioperatório e também a resistência insulínica (RI pelo índice de Homa-IR e pela necessidade de insulina exógena; além da função excretora da célula beta pancreática pelo Homa-Beta e controle glicêmico por exames de glicemia capilar. RESULTADOS: Não ocorreram óbitos, broncoaspiração, mediastinite, infarto agudo do miocárdio ou acidente vascular encefálico perioperatórios. Fibrilação atrial ocorreu em dois pacientes de cada grupo e complicações infecciosas não diferiram entre os grupos (P=0,611. Pacientes do Grupo I apresentaram dois dias a menos de internação hospitalar (P=0,025 e um dia a menos na UTI (P0,05. Declínio da produção endógena de insulina ocorreu em ambos os grupos (PINTRODUCTION: Limited information is available about preoperative fasting abbreviation with administration of liquid enriched with carbohydrates (CHO in cardiovascular surgeries. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical variables, security of the method and effects on the metabolism of patients undergoing fasting abbreviation in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing CABG were randomized to receive 400 ml (6 hours before and 200 ml (2 hours before of maltodextrin at 12.5% (Group I, n=20 or just water (Group II, n=20 before anesthetic induction. Perioperative clinical variables

  14. Report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Volume III. Appendices and Table of abbreviations; Rapport sur le projet de loi (no. 1253) relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite. Tome III. Annexes et Table des sigles

    Bataille, Christian [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-02-11

    The third volume of the Report on behalf of the Production and Exchange Commission on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply contains Appendices. The appendix number 1 presents the directive 96/92 CE of the European Parliament and Council of 19 December 1996, concerning common rules referring to the electricity internal market. It contains the chapters titled: 1. Field of application and definitions; 2. General rules for sector organization; 3. Production; 4. Exploitation of the transport grid; 5. Exploitation of the distribution grid; 6. Accounting dissociation and transparency; 7. Organization of the grid access; 8. Final dispositions. The appendix number 2 gives the law no. 46 - 628 of 8 April, modified, on the nationalization of the electricity and gas. The third appendix reproduces Decree no. 55 - 662 of 20 May 1955 concerning relationships between the establishments aimed by the articles 2 and 23 of the law of 8 April 1946 and the autonomous producers of electric energy. The appendix number 4 contains the notification of State Council of 7 July 1994 regarding the diversification of EDF and GDF activities. The fifth appendix is a chronological list of the European negotiations concerning the opening of the electricity market (1987 -1997). Finally, a list of following abbreviations is given: ART, ATR, CNES, CRE, CTE, DNN, FACE, FPE, GRT, IEG, INB, PPI, RAG and SICAE.

  15. Analyzing the Feasibility of Teaching Critical Reading Strategies with the Abbreviated Version of English Literary Work%批判性阅读策略教学的可行性分析--以英文名著简写本为例

    董美珍

    2015-01-01

    批判性阅读作为英语教学中培养学生批判性思维的重要途径,得到了国内外学者的关注。本文以英文名著简写本为阅读材料,以高中生为教学对象,探讨适用于小说体裁的批判性阅读策略,以期帮助学生开展批判性阅读,改善批判性思维。%Critical Reading, the important approach of developing students’ critical thinking in English teaching, has gained wide atten-tion from the scholars at home and abroad. This article aims at selecting the appropriate Critical Reading strategies which can be applied in the fictions chosen from the abbreviated version of English literary work and are suitable for High school students in English lesson. The strategies can help the students read critically and improve the students’ critical thinking.

  16. Aplicação da versão em português do instrumento abreviado de avaliação da qualidade de vida "WHOQOL-bref" Application of the Portuguese version of the abbreviated instrument of quality life WHOQOL-bref

    Marcelo PA Fleck

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A necessidade de instrumentos de rápida aplicação determinou que o Grupo de Qualidade de Vida da Organização Mundial de Saúde desenvolvesse a versão abreviada do WHOQOL-100, o WHOQOL-bref. Este instrumento consta de 26 questões divididas em quatro domínios: físico, psicológico, relações sociais e meio ambiente. O objetivo deste estudo é a apresentação do teste de campo brasileiro do WHOQOL-bref. MÉTODOS: O WHOQOL-bref, o BDI e o BHS foram aplicados numa amostra de 300 indivíduos na cidade de Porto Alegre. RESULTADOS/CONCLUSÕES: O Instrumento mostrou características satisfatórias de consistência interna, validade discriminante, validade de critério, validade concorrente e fidedignidade teste-reteste. O WHOQOL-bref alia um bom desempenho psicométrico com praticidade de uso o que lhe coloca como uma alternativa útil para ser usado em estudos que se propõe a avaliar qualidade de vida no Brasil.INTRODUCTION: The need of short instruments to evaluate Quality of life determines World Health Organization Quality of Life Group (WHOQOL Group to develop an abbreviated version of the WHOQOL-100, the WHOQOL-bref. The objective is to present the Brazilian field trial of the WHOQOL-bref. METHODS: WHOQOL-bref is composed by 26 questions divided in four domains: physical, psychological, social relationships and environment. The evaliation instrument, BDI (beck depression inventory and BHS (beck hopelessness scale were used in a 300 subjects sample in Porto Alegre, South Brazil. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: The instrument showed a good performance concerning internal consistency, discriminant validity, criterion validity, concurrent validity and test-retest reliability. The intrument allies good psychometric performance and practicity for use which puts it as an interesting option to evaluate quality of life in Brazil.

  17. 24 CFR 50.2 - Terms and abbreviations.

    2010-04-01

    ...—Environmental Assessment EIS—Environmental Impact Statement FONSI—Finding of No Significant Impact HUD—Department of Housing and Urban Development NEPA—National Environmental Policy Act NOI/EIS—Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement...

  18. 24 CFR 58.2 - Terms, abbreviations and definitions.

    2010-04-01

    ... environmental assessment (EA) or environmental impact statement (EIS) is not normally required, but due to... Environmental Quality; (3) EA—Environmental Assessment; (4) EIS—Environmental Impact Statement; (5) EPA—Environmental Protection Agency; (6) ERR—Environmental Review Record; (7) FONSI—Finding of No Significant......

  19. An abbreviated history of the National Wlk Refuge

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report is a timeline of history and the management of the National Elk Refuge from 1909 to 1984. It includes a short summary and charts relating to elk...

  20. 32 CFR 507.3 - Explanation of abbreviations and terms.

    2010-07-01

    ... AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS MANUFACTURE AND SALE OF DECORATIONS, MEDALS, BADGES, INSIGNIA, COMMERCIAL USE OF HERALDIC DESIGNS AND HERALDIC QUALITY CONTROL PROGRAM Introduction § 507.3 Explanation...

  1. 7 CFR 1951.852 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-01-01

    ... BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... city having a population of twenty-five thousand or more. (8) State. Any of the fifty States, the... the intermediary for the benefit of the ultimate recipient. (10) Working capital. The excess...

  2. Appendix B: Some Common Abbreviations: MedlinePlus

    ... A condition in which the heart can’t pump enough blood throughout the body. CMV Cytomegalovirus A ... syndrome A problem with the large intestine ICD Implantable cardioverter defibrillator A device that monitors heart rhythm ...

  3. 40 CFR 86.1804-01 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... nitrogen. Pb—Lead. pct.—Percent. PDP-CVS—Positive displacement pump—constant volume sampler. ppm—Parts per... displacement. Cl—Chemiluminescence. CO—Carbon monoxide. CO2—Carbon dioxide. conc.—Concentration....

  4. 7 CFR 761.2 - Abbreviations and definitions.

    2010-01-01

    ... customer is a conventional farm borrower who is required to pledge crops, livestock, other chattel and/or... lenders. Also, this term does not include a low-risk farm customer who obtains financing on a secured or... an extension of credit for the convenience of the Agency, because the applicant does not qualify...

  5. 40 CFR 89.3 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... Oxygen OEM Original equipment manufacturer PM Particulate matter SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SEA... ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials CAA...

  6. 40 CFR 91.4 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... minute SAE—Society of Automotive Engineers SEA—Selective Enforcement Auditing SI—Spark-ignition U.S.C...—American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM—American Society for Testing and Materials CAA—Clean Air...

  7. 40 CFR 90.5 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ...—original equipment manufacturer PMD—paramagnetic detector SAE—Society of Automotive Engineers SEA—Selective... control device ASME—American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM—American Society for Testing...

  8. 14 CFR 1.2 - Abbreviations and symbols.

    2010-01-01

    ... means flight simulation training device. FTD means flight training device. GS means glide slope. HIRL.... V Hmeans maximum speed in level flight with maximum continuous power. V LEmeans maximum landing gear extended speed. V LOmeans maximum landing gear operating speed. V LOFmeans lift-off speed. V...

  9. 7 CFR 4274.302 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-01-01

    ... directly provided by the Agency IRP loan. Agency IRP loan funds are Federal funds. Agricultural production... (including setting policy) of an intermediary. Processing office or officer. The processing office for an IRP...'s IRP revolving fund. Underrepresented group. U.S. citizens with identifiable common...

  10. 7 CFR 771.2 - Abbreviations and definitions.

    2010-01-01

    ... organization means a quasi-state run public operation exclusively established and managed by state and/or non... for payment on a loan, will not be considered as an extra payment. Non-profit corporation means a private domestic corporation created and organized under the laws of the State(s) in which the entity...

  11. 40 CFR 1033.905 - Symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... this part: ABTaveraging, banking, and trading. AECDauxiliary emission control device. AESSautomatic... Engineers. SCRselective catalytic reduction. SEASelective Enforcement Audit. THCtotal hydrocarbon....

  12. 38 CFR 21.8010 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions and... (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans-Spina Bifida and Covered Birth Defects General § 21.8010 Definitions...

  13. 7 CFR 1980.302 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-01-01

    ... first-time homebuyer includes displaced homemakers and single parents even though they might have owned.... Single parent. An individual who is unmarried or legally separated from a spouse and has custody or joint... codes listed in exhibit E to subpart A of part 1924 applicable to single family residential...

  14. 49 CFR 171.8 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-10-01

    ... experimentation aimed at the discovery of new theories or laws and the discovery and interpretation of facts or... person or animal; and (2) Meets no hazard criteria other than for Class 9 (for example, a pepper...

  15. 40 CFR 92.102 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM LOCOMOTIVES AND LOCOMOTIVE ENGINES Test Procedures § 92.102..., the readability for a digital display with two decimal places would be 0.01. Span gas means a gas...

  16. 7 CFR 4279.2 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-01-01

    ... assignment of a guaranteed portion of a loan, using the single note system. Biogas. Biomass converted to gaseous fuel. Biomass. Any organic material that is available on a renewable or recurring basis including agricultural crops, trees grown for energy production, wood waste and wood residues, plants, including...

  17. 40 CFR 63.3 - Units and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... defined as follows: (a) System International (SI) units of measure: A = ampere g = gram Hz = hertz J... conditions scfh = cubic feet at standard conditions per hour scm = cubic meter at standard conditions...

  18. Safety of oral glutamine in the abbreviation of preoperative fasting: a double-blind, controlled, randomized clinical trial Seguridad de la glutamina oral en la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio: un ensayo clínico doble ciego, controlado, aleatorizado

    D. Borges Dock-Nascimento

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: No study so far has tested a beverage containing glutamine 2 h before anesthesia in patients undergoing surgery. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate: 1 the safety of the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with a carbohydrate-L-glutamine-rich drink; and 2 the residual gastric volume (RGV measured after the induction of anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods: Randomized controlled trial with 56 women (42 (17-65 years-old submitted to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were randomized to receive either conventional preoperative fasting of 8 hours (fasted group, n = 12 or one of three different beverages drunk in the evening before surgery (400 mL and 2 hours before the initiation of anesthesia (200 mL. The beverages were water (placebo group, n = 12, 12.5% (240 mOsm/L maltodextrine (carbohydrate group, n = 12 or the latter in addition to 50 g (40 g in the evening drink and 10g in the morning drink of L-glutamine (glutamine group, n = 14. A 20 F nasogastric tube was inserted immediately after the induction of general anesthesia to aspirate and measure the RGV. Results: Fifty patients completed the study. None of the patients had either regurgitation during the induction of anesthesia or postoperative complications. The median (range of RGV was 6 (0-80 mL. The RGV was similar (p = 0.29 between glutamine group (4.5 [0-15] mL, carbohydrate group (7.0 [0-80] mL, placebo group (8.5 [0-50] mL, and fasted group (5.0 [0-50] mL. Conclusion: The abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with carbohydrate and L-glutamine is safe and does not increase the RGV during induction of anesthesia.Introducción: Ningún estudio hasta el momento ha investigado una bebida que contiene glutamina 2 h antes de la anestesia en pacientes sometidos a cirugía. Objetivos: El objetivo del estudio fue investigar: 1 la seguridad de la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio para 2 h con una bebida conteniendo

  19. 槐白皮含漱液缩短兔口腔创伤抗菌药物预防性应用时间实验研究%Experimental Study of Effect of Sophora Japonical Gargle on Rabbit oral Trauma Through Abbreviating the Prophylactic Application Time of Antibacterial Drugs

    姜刚勇; 柳玉勇

    2014-01-01

    To study the effect of sophora japonical gargle on rabbit oral trauma through ab-breviating the prophylactic application time of antibacterial drugs and its mechanism .Method:40 New Zeal-and rabbits were randomly divided into experimental group and control group .We made rabbit oral trauma model by using staphylococcus aureus .The control group was treated with physiological saline orally , and the experimental group was treated with sophora japonical gargle orally to observe the wound healing , 7 days class-A healing rate and evaluate of sophora japonical drug efficacy .Staphylococcus aureus were divided into experimental group and control group .The experimental group used 3 concentrations of sophora japonical gar-gle, and saline was used to control group .We used the spread plate method to help sophora japonical gargle act on staphylococcus aureus for 3 min, and observed the antibacterial effect of sophora japonical gargle .Re-sult:There were 29 cases of 7 days healed rabbits and 1 infected case in the experimental group , and there were 6 cases of 7 days healed rabbits and 4 infected cases in the control group .7 days Class-A healing rate of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the control group , and the difference was sta-tistically significant ( P<0.05 ); Colony counts of sophora japonical gargle group after treatment were lower than those in the saline group , which was not dose-dependent .Conclusion: Sophora japonical gargle has good antibacterial effect , can abbreviate the prophylactic application time of antibacterial drugs .%研究槐白皮含漱液缩短兔口腔创伤抗菌药物预防性应用时间及其机制。方法:40只新西兰兔随机分为实验组、对照组,实验组30只,对照组10只。使用金黄色葡萄球菌污染的手术刀在兔颊粘膜做2cm切口,达肌层,对位缝合。对照组术后使用生理盐水冲洗口腔,实验组使用槐白皮含漱液冲洗。观察切口愈合情况、7d

  20. Análise da eficácia do metilfenidato usando a versão abreviada do questionário de conners em transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade Analysis of the methylphenidate's efficacy using the abbreviated version Conners' questionnaire in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    Ênio Roberto de Andrade

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available O transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH é quadro diagnóstico bastante complexo, de início precoce, com evolução crônica que repercute em diversos contextos. Três a 5% das crianças em idade escolar apresentam esse transtorno. O questionário de Conners vem sendo utilizado como instrumento de levantamento epidemiológico para o TDAH. OBJETIVO: Este estudo visa a utilização deste instrumento para a análise da eficácia do tratamento com metilfenidato em crianças com TDAH. MÉTODO: Foram selecionadas 21 crianças do gênero masculino, com TDAH do tipo combinado, idade cronológica entre sete anos completos a 10 anos e 11 meses e todos foram tratados com metilfenidato. A versão abreviada do questionário de Conners para pais e professores foi aplicada em dois momentos: um antes da medicação e outro entre seis a oito meses após o seu início. RESULTADOS: Obteve-se redução na pontuação no questionário de Conners em todas as crianças com TDAH concomitante à melhora clínica. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que o questionário de Conners mostrou-se útil não só como auxílio diagnóstico, mas também como um instrumento de avaliação da eficácia do tratamento do TDAH.The attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD is a complex diagnosis. Its installation is precocious, with chronic evolution that impacts on the subject's performance in several contexts. Three to 5% of the school aged children present this disorder. The Conners' questionnaire has been used as an instrument of epidemiological survey for ADHD children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate if this instrument could be an useful tool for the analysis of the methylphenidate's treatment efficacy in ADHD's children. METHOD: Twenty-one male children were selected, with ADHD combined type, chronological ages ranging from seven to 10 years and 11 months and all were treated with methylphenidate. The Conners' questionnaire abbreviated version for parents

  1. A abreviação do jejum pré-operatório para duas horas com carboidratos aumenta o risco anestésico? ¿La Reducción del ayuno preoperatorio en dos horas con carbohidratos aumenta el riesgo anestésico? Does abbreviation of preoperative fasting to two hours with carbohydrates increase the anesthetic risk?

    Kátia Gomes Bezerra de Oliveira

    2009-10-01

    procedimiento quirúrgico. La recolección de datos fue prospectiva sin que los profesionales del servicio lo supieran. Se observó el tiempo de ayuno preoperatorio y las complicaciones anestésicas relacionadas con el corto tiempo de ayuno (broncoaspiración. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron 375 pacientes, siendo de ellos 174 hombres (un 46,4% y 201 mujeres (un 53,6%, entre 18 y 90 años de edad. El tiempo promedio de ayuno preoperatorio fue de cuatro horas, variando de 2 a 20 horas. No se registró ningún caso de broncoaspiración durante los procedimientos. El tiempo de ayuno fue mayor (p BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of possible anesthetic complications related with the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to two hours with a solution of 12.5% dextrinomaltose within the ACERTO (from the Portuguese for Acceleration of Total Postoperative Recovery project. METHODS: All patients undergoing different types of digestive tract and abdominal wall surgeries within a new protocol of perioperative conducts, established by the ACERTO project, between August 2005 and December 2007 were evaluated. All patients received oral nutritional supplementation (12.5% dextrinomaltose six and two hours before the procedure. Data were collected prospectively without the knowledge of the professionals in the department. The length of preoperative fasting and anesthetic complications related with the short fasting time (pulmonary aspiration were recorded. RESULTS: Three hundred and seventy five patients, 174 male (46.4% and 201 female (53.6%, ages 18 to 90 years, were evaluated. The mean preoperative fasting time was four hours, ranging from two to 20 hours. Pulmonary aspiration was not observed during the procedures. The length of fasting was longer (p < 0.01 when combined anesthesia (blockade + general was used. CONCLUSIONS: Adopting the multidisciplinary preoperative measures of the ACERTO project was not associated with any preoperative

  2. The application of the abbreviated metacognitive assessment scale in patients with schizophrenia and neurosis in China%修订版元认知量表在精神分裂症和神经症患者中的应用分析

    高艳平; 吴伟明; 董毅; 耿峰; 谢思思; 汪凯; 岳君思; 穆菁菁; 方文梅

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨修订版元认知量表在精神分裂症和神经症患者中的应用.方法 通过印第安精神疾病访谈,采用修订版元认知量表(MAS-A)对115例精神分裂症患者和89例神经症患者进行评估,比较两组间MAS-A评分差异,评估区分效度;同时采用心理理论图片任务(ToM-PST)测量被试心理理论水平,以ToM-PST总分作为效标,计算效标关联效度;首测1个月后抽取34例精神分裂症和31例神经症患者进行重测,评估重测信度.结果 (1)信度分析:总样本、分裂症组和神经症组MAS-A的Combachα系数分别为0.829、0.826、0.823.总样本MAS-A总分及其自我反省、理解他人、去中心化和控制因子分的重测信度分别为0.722、0.541、0.650、0.615、0.525,具有统计学意义(均P<0.01).(2)效度分析:总样本、分裂症组和神经症组MAS-A总分与ToM-PST总分间的相关系数分别为0.470、0.383、0.292,均差异具有统计学意义(均P<0.01);与神经症患者相比,精神分裂症患者MAS-A总分及各因子分明显较低,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.01).结论 修订版元认知量表的信度和效度尚可,可用于精神疾病人群的元认知能力评估.%Objective To explore the application of the abbreviated metacognitive assessment scale (MAS-A) in patients with schizophrenia and neurosis.Methods With the aid of the Indiana Psychiatric Ill-ness Interview (IPII),115 schizophrenic patients and 89 neurotic patients were assessed using the MAS-A,and compared the group difference of MAS-A scores.All patients were also tested with the theory of mind picture sequencing task (ToM-PST).The criterion-related validity was evaluated using of correlated MAS-A total-score with ToM-PST total-score.31 neurotic patients and 34 schizophrenic patients were measured after one month to compute the test-retest reliability.Results The reliability analysis showed that the Cronbach α-coefficients for MAS-A of total sample,schizophrenic group and

  3. JPRS Report, East Europe, Reference Aid, Abbreviations in the Yugoslav Press.

    2007-11-02

    Clothing Factory ALU Akademija likovnih umetnosti (Beograd) ALU aluminijum AMD Auto-moto drustvo amer. americki, amerikanizam Amer...Shop Assistants and Apprentices Association excavator-belt conveyor-discharge chute system 14 BU Brodogradiliste Uljanik (Pula) BUB Beogradska...veterinarski VF Veterinarski fakultet VF visoka frekvencija VGI Voj no-geografski institut VGP voj no-gradj evinsko preduzece VGS Vi§a geodetska

  4. Abbreviated Environmental Assessment for the Northwest Infrastructure, Phase II Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany

    2007-12-01

    iM---/nclucll!np ........... - .J (+•~.t/td; O•no~ ·•1111111-olltct; U• unkno..,-) + 0 . u 7. AIR INSTAU.ATION ~ PI \\ TliiLE USE ZONEAANO USE...petraea Traubeneiche Ses.~i le Oak rubus idaeus Himbeere Red Raspberry salix fragilis Bruchweidc Crack Willow sam bucus nigra Schwarz.~r Holw1der

  5. 中韩缩略语比较%The Comparison of Chinese and Korean Abbreviation

    郑阳寿

    2001-01-01

    本文统计并探讨了中韩缩略语比较问题.本文通过中韩缩略语比较,一方面了解两国缩略语的特色,另一方面提供一条人们了解和掌握中韩两国文化、信息和知识的途径.

  6. Norms for an abbreviated Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices in an older sample.

    Smits, C H; Smit, J H; van den Heuvel, N; Jonker, C

    1997-11-01

    Percentile age norms for ages 55 to 85 using overlapping intervals at specified age midpoints are presented for the sum scores of sections A and B of Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices (RCPM). The representative age and gender stratified sample (N = 2,815) used is derived from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (the Netherlands). As RCPM scores appear to be strongly associated with education, percentile norms for three educational levels are presented: low (0-9 years), middle (10-15 years) and high (16 years and more).

  7. 32 CFR Attachment 1 to Part 855 - Glossary of References, Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms

    2010-07-01

    ... Permits AFI 13-201, Air Force Airspace Management AFI 32-7061(32 CFR part 989), Environmental Impact... Transactions at Base Level FAR, Part 121, Certification and Operation: Domestic, Flag, and Supplemental Air.... FAR Federal Aviation Regulation. FMS Foreign Military Sales. FOA Field Operating Agency. FSDO...

  8. 14 CFR Appendix F to Part 60 - Definitions and Abbreviations for Flight Simulation Training Devices

    2010-01-01

    ... limiting performance is based on the existing combination of density altitude, temperature, and helicopter... the FSTD becomes a replica of a different model, usually of the same type aircraft. The same FSTD... weight of the following: Normal oil quantity; lavatory servicing fluid; potable water;...

  9. 21 CFR 314.105 - Approval of an application and an abbreviated application.

    2010-04-01

    ... labeling prior to marketing. (c) FDA will approve an application after it determines that the drug meets... not be introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce until approval of...

  10. Applicability of the abbreviated neuropsychologic battery (NEUROPSI) in Alzheimer disease patients.

    Abrisqueta-Gomez, Jacqueline; Ostrosky-Solis, Feggy; Bertolucci, Paulo H F; Bueno, Orlando F A

    2008-01-01

    NEUROPSI is a brief neuropsychologic battery developed to briefly assess a wide spectrum of cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to examine the applicability of a Portuguese version of this battery and verify the efficacy in detecting cognitive impairment in Alzheimer disease (AD) patients. NEUROPSI was applied to 75 elderly people, 25 patients with probable AD in mild stage (AD1), 25 patients in moderate stage (AD2), and 25 healthy elderly persons (control group), matched with the AD patients for age and schooling. Before testing all participants were applied the Mini-Mental State Examination. Results showed significant differences in total scores of the tests; NEUROPSI (PNEUROPSI is an efficient instrument for detecting AD patients in the initial stage of the disease.

  11. Abbreviated sampling and analysis plan for planning decontamination and decommissioning at Test Reactor Area (TRA) facilities

    NONE

    1994-10-01

    The objective is to sample and analyze for the presence of gamma emitting isotopes and hazardous constituents within certain areas of the Test Reactor Area (TRA), prior to D and D activities. The TRA is composed of three major reactor facilities and three smaller reactors built in support of programs studying the performance of reactor materials and components under high neutron flux conditions. The Materials Testing Reactor (MTR) and Engineering Test Reactor (ETR) facilities are currently pending D/D. Work consists of pre-D and D sampling of designated TRA (primarily ETR) process areas. This report addresses only a limited subset of the samples which will eventually be required to characterize MTR and ETR and plan their D and D. Sampling which is addressed in this document is intended to support planned D and D work which is funded at the present time. Biased samples, based on process knowledge and plant configuration, are to be performed. The multiple process areas which may be potentially sampled will be initially characterized by obtaining data for upstream source areas which, based on facility configuration, would affect downstream and as yet unsampled, process areas. Sampling and analysis will be conducted to determine the level of gamma emitting isotopes and hazardous constituents present in designated areas within buildings TRA-612, 642, 643, 644, 645, 647, 648, 663; and in the soils surrounding Facility TRA-611. These data will be used to plan the D and D and help determine disposition of material by D and D personnel. Both MTR and ETR facilities will eventually be decommissioned by total dismantlement so that the area can be restored to its original condition.

  12. All Source Analysis System (ASAS). Block 1. Abbreviated HARDMAN analysis. Appendices to Volume 1

    1992-04-01

    8217 APPENDICES A. TSE WCG Maintenance Data B. TSE DPS Maintenance Data C. CCS Maintenance Data D. TCAE Workstation Maintenance Data E. TCAC Maintenance Data...Division TCAE G(3) SUP - 3 Light Division TSE G(4) SUP - 4 Light Division TCAE H. Unit Maintenance Data Summary I. Heavy Division Maintenance Data J...V u Appendix D TCAE W/S Maintenance Data c a a -0 C 0 coca46 Ci a a a a c a a 0 a a 0 coca01009P 0 IRMO. : C!000110 1 N 010 4#41111114 1 Im *lq##4CC

  13. 40 CFR 1060.805 - What symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations does this part use?

    2010-07-01

    ... of Automotive Engineers. SHEDSealed Housing for Evaporative Determination. U.S.United States. U.S.C... part: °degree. ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials. CCelsius. CFRCode of Federal...

  14. 40 CFR 1051.805 - What symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations does this part use?

    2010-07-01

    ...—pounds per square inches of gauge pressure. rpm—revolutions per minute. SAE—Society of Automotive Engineers. SI—spark-ignition. THC—total hydrocarbon. THCE—total hydrocarbon equivalent. U.S.C.—United States...—American Society for Testing and Materials. ATV—all-terrain vehicle. cc—cubic centimeters. CFR—Code...

  15. Clinical utility of Standardised Assessment of Personality - Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS) among patients with first episode depression

    Bukh, Jens Drachmann; Bock, Camilla; Vinberg, Maj;

    2010-01-01

    , by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders. RESULTS: We found, that a cut-off of 3 on the screen correctly identified the presence of comorbid personality disorder in 73.1% of the patients. The sensitivity and specificity were 0.80 and 0.70, respectively. LIMITATIONS: The findings cannot...

  16. Extending a Single Residue Switch for Abbreviating Catalysis in Plant ent-Kaurene Synthases

    Meirong Jia

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Production of ent-kaurene as a precursor for important signaling molecules such as the gibberellins seems to have arisen early in plant evolution, with corresponding cyclase(s present in all land plants (i.e., embryophyta. The relevant enzymes seem to represent fusion of the class II diterpene cyclase that produces the intermediate ent-copalyl diphosphate (ent-CPP and the subsequently acting class I diterpene synthase that produces ent-kaurene, although the bifunctionality of the ancestral gene is only retained in certain early diverging plants, with gene duplication and sub-functionalization leading to distinct ent-CPP synthases (CPSs and ent-kaurene synthases (KSs generally observed. This evolutionary scenario implies that plant KSs should have conserved structural features uniquely required for production of ent-kaurene relative to related enzymes that have alternative function. Notably, substitution of threonine for a conserved isoleucine has been shown to short-circuit the complex bicyclization and rearrangement reaction catalyzed by KSs after initial cyclization, leading to predominant production of ent-pimaradiene, at least in KSs from angiosperms. Here this effect is shown to extend to KSs from earlier diverging plants (i.e., bryophytes, including a bifunctional CPS/KS. In addition, attribution of the dramatic effect of this single residue switch on product outcome to electrostatic stabilization of the ent-pimarenyl carbocation intermediate formed upon initial cyclization by the hydroxyl introduced by threonine substitution has been called into question by the observation of similar effects from substitution of alanine. Here further mutational analysis and detailed product analysis is reported that supports the importance of electrostatic stabilization by a hydroxyl or water.

  17. Applicability of an abbreviated version of the Child-OIDP inventory among primary schoolchildren in Tanzania

    Mtaya Matilda

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is a need for studies evaluating oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL of children in developing countries. Aim to assess the psychometric properties, prevalence and perceived causes of the child version of oral impact on daily performance inventory (Child-OIDP among school children in two socio-demographically different districts of Tanzania. Socio-behavioral and clinical correlates of children's OHRQoL were also investigated. Method One thousand six hundred and one children (mean age 13 yr, 60.5% girls attending 16 (urban and rural primary schools in Kinondoni and Temeke districts completed a survey instrument in face to face interviews and participated in a full mouth clinical examination. The survey instrument was designed to measure a Kiswahili translated and culturally adapted Child-OIDP frequency score, global oral health indicators and socio-demographic factors. Results The Kiswahili version of the Child-OIDP inventory preserved the overall concept of the original English version and revealed good reliability in terms of Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.77 (Kinondoni: 0.62, Temeke: 0.76. Weighted Kappa scores from a test-retest were 1.0 and 0.8 in Kinondoni and Temeke, respectively. Validity was supported in that the OIDP scores varied systematically and in the expected direction with self-reported oral health measures and socio-behavioral indicators. Confirmatory factor analyses, CFA, confirmed three dimensions identified initially by Principle Component Analysis within the OIDP item pool. A total of 28.6% of the participants had at least one oral impact. The area specific rates for Kinondoni and Temeke were 18.5% and 45.5%. The most frequently reported impacts were problems eating and cleaning teeth, and the most frequently reported cause of impacts were toothache, ulcer in mouth and position of teeth. Conclusion This study showed that the Kiswahili version of the Child-OIDP was applicable for use among schoolchildren in Tanzania.

  18. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 989 - Glossary of References, Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms

    2010-07-01

    ..., Federal Compliance with Pollution Control Standards. Executive Order 12114, Environmental Effects Abroad... Occupational Health Department of Defense Directive (DoDD) 6050.7, Environmental Effects Abroad of Major... THE AIR FORCE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS PROCESS (EIAP) Pt. 989, App....

  19. 77 FR 35691 - Notice of Withdrawal of Certain Unapproved Abbreviated New Drug Applications

    2012-06-14

    ... hydrochloride. 84262 Phenylbutazone. 84263 Dimenhydrinate. 84293 Dicyclomine hydrochloride. 84298 Hydrochlorothiazide. 84311 Phenylbutazone. 84365 Dexamethasone sodium phosphate. 84382 Meclizine hydrochloride....

  20. Development of an abbreviated version of the delirium motor subtyping scale (DMSS-4)

    Meagher, D; Adamis, D; Leonard, M; Trzepacz, P; Grover, S; Jabbar, F; Meehan, K; O'Connor, M; Cronin, C; Reynolds, P; Fitzgerald, J; O'Regan, N; Timmons, S; Slor, C; de Jonghe, J; de Jonghe, A; van Munster, B C; de Rooij, S E; Maclullich, A

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome with considerable heterogeneity in clinical profile. Identification of clinical subtypes can allow for more targeted clinical and research efforts. We sought to develop a brief method for clinical subtyping in clinical and research settings.

  1. Abbreviation modalities of nitrogen multiple-breath washout tests in school children with obstructed lung disease

    Green, Kent; Ejlertsen, Jacob S; Madsen, Astrid;

    2016-01-01

    , the lung clearance index, calculated as lung volume turnovers required to reach 2.5% of the starting N2 concentration (LCI2.5 ). METHODS: Cross-sectional study of triplicate N2 MBW measurements obtained in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients (N = 60), primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) patients (N = 28...

  2. JPRS Report, West Europe, Reference Aid, Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of Italy

    2007-11-02

    e l’Acciaio High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community A • A • \\*> • o • X ■ Azienda Autönoma di Cura, Soggiörno e Turismo ...Arma Aerea Ruolo Speciale A • A • D • Azienda Autönoma di Soggiorno A • A • b • ± m Azienda Autönoma di Soggiorno e Turismo AA.W. Autöri Vari...A.I.T. Alleanza Internazionale del Turismo International Tourism Alliance AITEC Associazione Italiana Tecnico Economica del Cemento Italian

  3. A Glossary of Terms, Definitions, Acronyms, and Abbreviations Related to the National Airspace System (NAS)

    1990-06-01

    ground voice communications. In some instances this may go as low as 225 MHz and still be refereed to as UHF ultralight vehicle An aeronautical...Altitude Parameter (parameter) DRC Dedicated Repair Contract DRC Digital Radar Channel DRCM DARC Modifications for ISSS DRCR Document Review and

  4. 21 CFR 314.96 - Amendments to an unapproved abbreviated application.

    2010-04-01

    ... bioequivalence study upon which the applicant relies for approval. For all other bioequivalence studies conducted... submit either a complete or summary report. If a summary report of a bioequivalence study is submitted... require that the applicant submit a complete report of the bioequivalence study to FDA. (2) Submission...

  5. An abbreviated repeat dose and reproductive/developmental toxicity test for high production volume chemicals

    Scala, R.A.; Bevan, C.; Beyer, B.K. (Exxon Biomedical Sciences, Inc., East Millstone, NJ (United States))

    1992-08-01

    A novel protocol is described for obtaining preliminary data on repeated dose systemic effects and reproductive/developmental toxicity. The test protocol was developed by a group of experts at the request of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for use as part of a Screening Information Data Set on high production volume chemicals. Interest in this protocol is shared by several regulatory agencies, including the Organization for Economic Cooperation, the European Community, and the EPA. To validate the study protocol, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME) was used. After a dosing period of approximately 6 weeks, EGME showed both systemic and reproductive/developmental effects similar to those previously reported using standard protocols. Thus, this test protocol may be used as a screening tool for high production volume chemicals.

  6. JPRS Report, Reference Aid: Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of Spain

    2007-11-02

    Workers Traditionalist Communion CTAN Centro Teenico de Armas Navales CTEER Centro Teenico de Electricidad , Electrönica y Radiocomunicaciones...National Aluminum Enterprise, Inc. ENDESA Empresa Nacional de Electricidad , S.A. National Electric Power Enterprise, Inc. ENHER Empresa...Television ETEA Escuela de Transmisiones y Electricidad de la Armada Naval Communications and Electricity School EU Extremadura Unida United

  7. JPRS Report Latin America Reference Aid Abbreviations and Acronyms in the Latin American Press.

    2007-11-02

    America (IA) AESNE Asociaciön de Empleados del Servicio Nacional de Electricidad Association of National Electricity Service Employees (CR...Culture Council (Br) CFC Corporaciön Financiers Colombians Colombian Finance Corporation (Co) CFE Comisiön Federal de Electricidad Federal...Nacional de Radio- Electricidad , Metalurgia y Afines National Inter-Trade Union Committee of Radio Engineering, Metallurgical, and Related

  8. JPRS Report, West Europe, Reference Aid, Acronyms and Abbreviations of Portugal

    2007-11-02

    Commission CRGE Companhias Reunidas de Gas e Electricidade CRRA Centro Regional da Reforma Agräria CRT Conselho Revolucionärio dos...Democrätica Estudantil Student Democratic Left EDP Electricidade de Portugal Portuguese Electric Company EEM Empresa de Electricidade da Madeira...Industria de Electricidade Farm Markets Information Service Power Industry Trade Union SINDHAT Sindicato Democrätico da Hotelaria, Alimentacao e

  9. 78 FR 25279 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Abbreviated New...

    2013-04-30

    ... the Center for Veterinary Medicine, FDA. DATES: Submit either electronic or written comments on the... records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A... of information to support the approval of a generic new animal drug. Records and reports that...

  10. JPRS Report, West Europe, Reference Aid, Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of Norway

    1989-04-04

    Ceramic Merchants Association NG&TF Norges Gymnastikk- og Turnforbund Norwegian Gymnastic and Tumbling Association NGU Norges Geologiske Unders...Election Alliance SV Sosialistisk Vensteparti Socialist Left Party sv. svensk Swedish SVI Skyte- og Vinterskolen for Infanteriet Infantry

  11. 40 CFR 1065.1005 - Symbols, abbreviations, acronyms, and units of measure.

    2010-07-01

    ... to use for molar masses. Note that in the cases of NOX and HC, the regulations specify effective...−1.106.m−2.kgs2 F F-test statistic f frequency hertz Hz s−1 f n rotational frequency (shaft... s Δ t time interval, period, 1/frequency second s s V volume cubic meter m3 m3 V volume rate...

  12. JPRS Report. East Europe: Reference Aid, Abbreviations and Acronyms Used in the Bulgarian Press

    2007-11-02

    lawsuit; affairs A Ul, A2, A3, H T. H AeH Ha onepauHATa (BT H T-bH HaTaTtK ) .) OPH, TpeTH D (Dl, D2 , D3 i t. n.) Day of operation (first...Economics Institute BHT . BHTaMHH vit. vitamin BHTM BHCUJ HHCTHTXT 3a TeaTpajiHO H3K/CTBO VITI Higher Institute of Theater Arts BMTM3 BHCUI

  13. 75 FR 44977 - General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact Statement, Roosevelt-Vanderbilt...

    2010-07-30

    ...: Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site (NHS); Eleanor Roosevelt NHS; and Vanderbilt Mansion NHS. The three national historic sites are combined into a single administrative unit, but...

  14. JPRS Report, West Europe, Reference Aid, Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations of Denmark

    2007-11-02

    e.b. efter bemyndigelse EB E j endomsmaegler-Brevskolen or other(s), etc. the business language final examination Southern Jutland West Power...Association of Biochemistry Students F.a.d.L. Foreningen af danske Laege-studerende fakt. faktura fam. familie fam. familiaer (t) FAR

  15. Glossary of AWS Acrinabs. Acronyms, Initialisms, and Abbreviations Commonly Used in Air Weather Service

    1991-01-01

    coded cities forecast (NWS) CAM .......... computer-aided manufacturing CCF .......... Combined Computer Facility (MAC) CAM, MS ...MOP .......... memo.ndum of policy (JCS) MSL ........... malntenance supply IaIson,MOP .......... mobility operatbng procedure MSIP ...meters per second MUF ........... maximum useable frequency ms .............. millisecond MUFAX ...... Muirhead facsimile me ............ multiple sourties

  16. 21 CFR 314.94 - Content and format of an abbreviated application.

    2010-04-01

    ... that does not meet the definition of “new drug” in section 201(p) of the act, and such other... under a petition approved under § 314.93, the results of any bioavailability of bioequivalence testing... which does not meet the definition of “new drug” under section 201(p) of the act. (iii) For each in...

  17. Cognitive Load Theory and the Role of Learner Experience: An Abbreviated Review for Educational Practitioners

    Artino, Anthony R., Jr.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to provide educational practitioners with a brief overview of cognitive load theory (CLT) and its major implications for learning. To achieve this objective, the article includes a short description of human cognitive architecture as conceived by cognitive load theorists. Following this overview, the article provides…

  18. JPRS Report, East Europe. Reference Aid: Abbreviations in the Polish Press.

    2007-11-02

    HA Biuro Techniczno-Handlowe 6 Engineering and Trade Office BEW bezp. "Bezpieka" BGK BGS BGZ BH bhp or BHP BI BiA bibl. BiDN BIG BIOA...Electrification of Agriculture Institute for the Study of the Problems of Young People Institute of Social Research 67 I BW I Ch 0 I Ch 0 I...Stowarzyszenie Ateistöw i Wolnomyslcieli sam. samochodowy sam. samodzielny SAM sklep samoobslugow san.-epid. sanitarno- epidemiologiczny SAP

  19. JPRS Report, West Europe: Reference Aid, Swedish-English Glossary of Military and Technical Acronyms and Abbreviations.

    1988-07-22

    Voluntary Activities FRK förvaltningsreglemente för krigsmakten FRO Frivilliga radio- organisationen FROK Förberedande reservofficerskurs fr...kadett coast guard station coast guard station radar coastal reconnaissance radar section command center cadet Kd kod code Kd kommunikations

  20. Ontogenetic changes in biochemical composition during larval and early postlarval development of Lepidophthalmus louisianensis, a ghost shrimp with abbreviated development

    Larvae of the ghost shrimp, Lepidophthalmus louisianensis, were mass-reared under laboratory conditions (28|C; 20o/ooS) from hatching to the decapodid (D) stage. Iatroscan lipid class analysis revealed that polar lipids (Zoea I: 77.4|1.7%; Zoea II: 77.5|2.1%; Decapodid: 80.0|1.7%...

  1. Abbreviated Goal Management Training Shows Preliminary Evidence as a Neurorehabilitation Tool for HIV-associated Neurocognitive Disorders among Substance Users

    Casaletto, Kaitlin B.; Moore, David J.; Woods, Steven Paul; Umlauf, Anya; Scott, J. C.; Heaton, Robert K.

    2016-01-01

    Objective Substance use disorders are highly comorbid with and contribute to the increased prevalence of neurocognitive dysfunction observed in HIV infection. Despite their adverse impact on everyday functioning, there are currently no compensatory-based neurorehabilitation interventions validated for use among HIV+ substance users (HIV/SUD). This study examined the effectiveness of Goal Management Training (GMT) alone or GMT as part of a metacognitive training among HIV/SUD individuals with executive dysfunction. Methods Ninety HIV/SUD individuals were randomized to a single 15-minute session: 1) GMT (n=30); 2) GMT plus metacognitive training (neurocognitive awareness; GMT+Meta; n=30); or 3) active control (n=30). Following a brief neurocognitive battery and study condition, participants performed a complex laboratory-based function task, Everyday Multitasking Test (Everyday MT), during which metacognition (awareness) was evaluated. Results There was an increasing, but nonsignificant tendency for better Everyday MT performances across study conditions (Control≤GMT≤GMT+Meta; psmetacognitive task appraisals as compared to the control condition. Among participants who underwent GMT, benefits were most prominent in persons with poorer pre-training dual-tasking ability, depression, and methamphetamine use disorders (ds=0.35–1.04). Conclusions A brief compensatory strategy has benefits for everyday multitasking and metacognition among HIV+ substance users with executive dysfunction. Future work exploring more intensive trainings, potentially complimentary to other restorative approaches and/or pharmacological treatments, is warranted. PMID:26753986

  2. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory and Development of an Abbreviated Version: The CFNI-45

    Parent, Mike C.; Moradi, Bonnie

    2010-01-01

    The present study undertakes the first factor analysis of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory (CFNI) conducted since the instrument's development. Confirmatory factor analysis using data from 243 women offered mixed support for the original 84-item CFNI structure and pointed to ways to modify the structure and reduce the length of the…

  3. An Abbreviated Tool for Assessing Feminine Norm Conformity: Psychometric Properties of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45

    Parent, Mike C.; Moradi, Bonnie

    2011-01-01

    The Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45 (CFNI-45; Parent & Moradi, 2010) is an important tool for assessing level of conformity to feminine gender norms and for investigating the implications of such norms for women's functioning. The authors of the present study assessed the factor structure, measurement invariance, reliability, and…

  4. An abbreviated fire-assay atomic-absorption method for the determination of gold and silver in ores and concentrates.

    Moloughney, P E

    1977-02-01

    A simplified scheme, combining aspects of the classical fire-assay with an atomic-absorption finish, is presented for the determination of gold and silver in ores and concentrates. The lead assay button is scorified to approximately 2 g and then parted in nitric acid. The filtrate is analysed by AAS for silver; the residue is dissolved in aqua regia and subsequently analysed for gold by AAS. The precision and accuracy of the method have been established by application to four diverse certified reference materials. The proposed method eliminates the need for such time-consuming steps as inquartation, multiple scorifications, and cupellation.

  5. Multinational Experiment 7: Access to the Global Commons. Objective 3.3 Lexicon and Abbreviations. Version 1.1

    2012-05-28

    Court ICJ International Court of Justice ICT Information and Communication Technologies ILC International Law Commission IOC Initial...operation in Europe OSINT Open Source Intelligence PDA Personal Digital Assistant SME Subject Matter Expert SWGCA Special Working Group on the

  6. 78 FR 43210 - Bracco Diagnostics et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 52 New Drug Applications and 77 Abbreviated...

    2013-07-19

    ..., Nesher 15 mg/5 mL. Pharmaceuticals (USA) LLC, 13910 Saint Charles Rock Rd., Bridgton, MO 63044. ANDA.... MN 55427. NDA 050261 Declomycin CorePharma, LLC, 215 (demeclocycline HCl) Wood Ave., Tablets, 75...

  7. 关于荒漠化问题的浅略思考%The abbreviated Reflections on desertification

    李元

    2016-01-01

    he In recent years, due to climate change, human over exploitation of natural resources and the increase of water demand, the earth is facing more and more serious threat of desertification. Desertification is the current global environmental disaster, it directly affects the human economic development and the future of the earth's fate, and fundamentally curb the expansion of desertification has become a major strategic task facing the current global. The western region of China is the most serious and concentrated area of land de⁃sertification. In recent years, the central and local governments have implemented a series of ecological projects to effectively curb the trend of the development of land desertification. Today, desertification prevention and control task of carrying the construction of "The Belt and Road" ecological security ", to promote the Silk Road Economic Belt" building a "Easy Access".%近年来,受气候变化、人为对自然资源的过度开发和水资源需求量增加等因素影响,地球正面临越来越严重的荒漠化威胁。荒漠化是当前全球性的环境灾害,它直接影响到人类经济发展和地球未来的命运,从根本上遏制荒漠化扩展成为当前全球性面临的重大战略任务。我国西部地区是土地荒漠化最严重、最集中的区域,近年来中央和地方政府通过实施一系列生态工程,有效的遏制了土地荒漠化发展的趋势。如今,荒漠化防治承载着建设“一带一路”生态保障的重任,为推进“丝绸之路经济带”建设构筑一条“绿色通道”。

  8. Oral Ezatiostat HCl (TLK199) and Myelodysplastic syndrome: a case report of sustained hematologic response following an abbreviated exposure.

    Quddus, Fahd; Clima, Jessica; Seedham, Helen; Sajjad, Ghulam; Galili, Naomi; Raza, Azra

    2010-04-23

    Treatment options for patients with lower risk non-del(5q) myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) who fail erythroid stimulating agents are restricted to one of the hypomethylating drugs with an expected response rate of approximately 50%. Ezatiostat HCl, an agent with the potential for producing multi-lineage responses in this population is currently in clinical investigation phase. This case report describes a 77 year old male who received less than two cycles of therapy with ezatiostat HCl which had to be aborted due to intolerable side effects, but which produced a sustained normalization of all three blood counts. This trilineage response has now lasted for more than a year. Interestingly, the patient began with a del(5q) abnormality and responded briefly to lenalidomide. Upon relapse of the anemia, a bone marrow showed the disappearance of the del(5q) but the appearance of a new clonal abnormality t(2;3). Given that the patient had a complete cytogenetic response to a truncated exposure to lenalidomide followed by a trilineage response to an even briefer course of ezatiostat HCl suggests a potential role for ezatiostat HCl in del(5q) patients who relapse following lenalidomide.

  9. 78 FR 46977 - Generic Drug User Fee-Abbreviated New Drug Application, Prior Approval Supplement, Drug Master...

    2013-08-02

    ..., Prior Approval Supplement, Drug Master File, Final Dosage Form Facility, and Active Pharmaceutical... active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), and finished dosage form (FDF) facilities user fees related to... one or more finished dosage forms of a human generic drug or an active pharmaceutical ingredient...

  10. 77 FR 65198 - Generic Drug User Fee-Abbreviated New Drug Application, Prior Approval Supplement, and Drug...

    2012-10-25

    ... applications in the backlog as of October 1, 2012, on finished dosage form (FDF) and active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) facilities, and on type II active pharmaceutical ingredient DMFs to be made available for... pharmaceutical ingredients other than by reference to a DMF will pay an additional fee that is based on...

  11. An abbreviated protocol for multilineage neural differentiation of murine embryonic stem cells and its perturbation by methyl mercury.

    Theunissen, P.T.; Schulpen, S.; van Dartel, D.A.M.; Hermsen, S.A.B.; van Schooten, F.J.; Piersma, A.H.

    2010-01-01

    Alternative assays are highly desirable to reduce the extensive experimental animal use in developmental toxicity testing. In the present study, we developed an improved test system for assessing neurodevelopmental toxicity using differentiating embryonic stem cells. We advanced previously establish

  12. 藏语盲文及简写研究探讨%On Tibetan-Language Braille and Its Abbreviations

    钟经华; 韩萍; 高旭; 何川

    2011-01-01

    藏族盲人需要科学实用的藏语盲文和简写方案.我国目前还没有成熟的藏语盲文方案.现有的两套盲文方案不符合触觉阅读规律和藏语语言规律.藏语盲文研究应把研制基本方案和简写方案同时进行,要充分发挥后发优势.根据藏语字母拼合规律、使用频率,布莱尔符号的触觉可感性设计字母符号,整体优化藏语盲文的触觉品质.藏语盲文要实现藏语字母使用规律与布莱尔符号触觉规律相结合,形成科学、简明的藏语盲文及简写方案.

  13. An Abbreviated Protocol for In Vitro Generation of Functional Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Beta-Like Cells

    Massumi, Mohammad; Pourasgari, Farzaneh; Nalla, Amarnadh;

    2016-01-01

    The ability to yield glucose-responsive pancreatic beta-cells from human pluripotent stem cells in vitro will facilitate the development of the cell replacement therapies for the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes. Here, through the sequential in vitro targeting of selected signaling pathways, we have ...

  14. 首字母缩写商标的利弊%Benefit and Abuse of First Letter Abbreviation Trademarks

    杨敏锋

    2009-01-01

    @@ 一、问题的提出 在英文商标中,很多名字比较长的公司采用将公司名称的数个词汇中的首字母组合而成一个商标.这样的例子比比皆是,如IBM是International Business Machine(国际商用机器)的缩写,;TCL是Today China Lion(今日中国雄狮)的缩写,GM为General Motors(通用汽车)的缩写;BBC是British Broadcasting Company(英国广播公司)的缩写;KFC是Kentucky Fried Chicken(肯塔基炸鸡)的缩写;BMW是德文Bayerische Motoren Werke(巴伐利亚摩托工厂)的缩写等.

  15. An abbreviated MLVA identifies Escherichia coli ST131 as the major extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing lineage in the Copenhagen area

    Nielsen, J. B.; Albayati, A.; Jørgensen, R. L.;

    2013-01-01

    Rapid bacterial typing is a valuable and necessary tool in the prevention and detection of outbreaks. The purpose of this study was to adapt a multilocus variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) for analysis on a benchtop capillary electrophoresis instrument and compare the modified assay...... with multilocus sequence typing (MLST) for typing cefpodoxime-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli). Further, we identified the causative resistance mechanisms and epidemiological type of infection for isolates producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). A collection of E. coli resistant to cefpodoxime...... was typed by MLST and a modified MLVA assay using a benchtop capillary electrophoresis instrument. Resistance mechanisms were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing. Patient history was examined to establish the epidemiological type of infection for ESBL-producing E. coli. MLVA yielded...

  16. Abbreviated Resonant Frequency Training to Augment Heart Rate Variability and Enhance On-Demand Emotional Regulation in Elite Sport Support Staff.

    Gross, Mike J; Shearer, David A; Bringer, Joy D; Hall, Ross; Cook, Christian J; Kilduff, Liam P

    2016-09-01

    Support and management staff in elite sport experience work-related stress and emotional disturbance to a similar extent as athletes (Fletcher and Wagstaff 2009). The resonant frequency breathing technique (Lehrer et al. 2000) can inhibit autonomic changes associated with stressful situations or events and as such provides a potential emotional regulation tool. The present study utilised five practitioner-led heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback sessions and home practice via mobile applications to train support and management staff (n = 9) in resonant frequency breathing techniques. Although baseline HRV did not change from pre to post training, participants increased total HRV (i.e., SDNN; p = .006), parasympathetic HRV (i.e., RMSSD; p = .028) and HRV reflective of baroreflex function (i.e., low frequency power; p = .018) while accurately performing resonant frequency breathing without a breath pacer. Post-intervention questionnaire data revealed an increase (p = .032) in habitual use of somatic strategies for emotional regulation, and social validation data suggested that the technique enhanced emotional regulation at home, work and during international competition. HRV biofeedback and the resonant frequency technique provided an on-demand emotional regulation technique for elite sport support and management staff.

  17. [DAD-6: an abbreviated version of the DAD scale (disability assessment for dementia). An instrument for detection of loss of autonomy at an early stage].

    de Rotrou, Jocelyne; Wu, Ya-Huei; Djabelkhir, Leila; Seux, Marie-Laure; Hugonot, Laurence; Rigaud, Anne-Sophie; Hanon, Olivier; Vidal, Jean-Sébastien

    2014-09-01

    This paper presents the French version of DAD-6, a validated instrument for the assessment of IADL (instrumental activities of daily living) considered as intentional and complex activities. A loss of autonomy remains a major criterion in the diagnosis of dementia. In addition, IADL assessment is recommended as a primary outcome in dementia drug trials. Since the publication in 1969 by Lawton and Brody of an IADL scale, many instruments have been developed. However, their psychometric properties remain to be improved. The need for improving the early diagnosis yielded to the design of DAD-6, an instrument allowing capturing subtle difficulties in IADL management. The DAD-6 scale emphasizes the role of the cognitive function, mainly the executive function in early IADL impairment. DAD-6 requires the participation of an informant (a patient's proxy). Relative to patients' self-reports or performance-based methods, informant-based questionnaires are the most common and practical methods used in memory clinics. In previous work, DAD-6 score gradually decreased with increasing severity of the cognitive status. The present work shows the inter-rater reliability of DAD-6. The use of the scale with the same informants by one neurologist and two neuropsychologists, separately, indicated a high agreement between raters (alpha of Krippendorff>0.80).This work also highlights the main sources of bias in the context of evaluation based on subjective judgement. The authors stress the necessity of: 1--a clarification of the relationship between cognitive function and IADL; 2--the measurement of IADL performance in a routine neuropsychological assessment by experienced professionals.

  18. Accelerated/abbreviated test methods, Study 4 of Task 3 (encapsulation) of the Low-Cost Silicon Solar Array Project. Eighth quarterly progress report, January--March 1978

    Kolyer, J.M.

    1978-04-03

    To meet the goals of the LSSA program, solar cell encapsulants must provide protection for 20 years. Consequently, the objective of the present program is to develop methodology for making confident predictions of encapsulant performance at any exposure site in the U.S.A. During the first year of the program, inherent weatherability was studied. Inherent weatherability is controlled by the three weather factors common to all exposure sites: insolation, temperature, and humidity. Emphasis was focused on the transparent encapsulant portion of miniature solar cell arrays by eliminating weathering effects on the substrate and circuitry (which are also parts of the encapsulant system). The most extensive data were for yellowing, which was measured conviently and precisely. Considerable data also were obtained on tensile strength. Changes in these two properties after outdoor exposure were predicted very well from accelerated exposure data. Although more outdoor exposure data will be received, mathematical modeling studies are continuing. This first part of the program can be said to be successfully concluded. In continuation of the inherent weatherability study, the power output of solar cells was monitored under accelerated test conditions and is being followed for outdoor exposures. For this purpose, Universal Test Specimens (UTS's) with nine different substrate/transparent encapsulant combinations were prepared. Again, the objective is to predict outdoor performance from accelerated exposure data with photochemical stresses of about 8 times normal. Continuous accelerated exposure under 8 key combinations of ultraviolet (UV) light intensity, temperature, and humidity was continued for 2 months. Then the same UTS's were exposed to 100% relative humidity at 100/sup 0/C for one month. Degradation effects are discussed and illustrated.

  19. NATO Glossary of Abbreviations Used in NATO Documents and Publications (glossaire otan des abreviations utilisees dans les documents et publications otan)

    2005-01-01

    Britannica 2001 Standard Edition CD-ROM, CD-ROM Complete version, 2001. Hart’s Rules for Compositors and Readers, Horace Hart, 39th Edition, OUP, 1983... Grande -Bretagne, Canada ABCA (nations) America, Britain, Canada, Australia Amérique, Grande -Bretagne, Canada, Australie ABCCC 1. airborne...implementation report compte rendu d’exécution des mesures d’alerte ALLA Alliance Long Lines Activity Activité alliée des lignes à grande distance

  20. Evaluating the Measurement Structure of the Abbreviated HIV Stigma Scale in a Sample of African Americans Living with HIV/AIDS

    Johnson, Eboneé T.; Yaghmaian, Rana A.; Best, Andrew; Chan, Fong; Burrell, Reginald, Jr.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to validate the 10-item version of the HIV Stigma Scale (HSS-10) in a sample of African Americans with HIV/AIDS. Method: One hundred and ten African Americans living with HIV/AIDS were recruited from 3 case management agencies in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Measurement structure of the HSS-10 was evaluated using…

  1. Abbreviation as a Reflection of Terms Variability in Language for Specific Purposes: Translational Features (Terminology Case Study in German, English, Kazakh, and Russia)

    Beisembayeva, Gulshat Z.; Yeskindirova, Manshuk Z.; Tulebayeva, Samal A.

    2016-01-01

    The range of modern dynamic social changes, globalization of world powers' economic cooperation, acceleration of technocratic processes have widespread impact on term systems' variability in language, in particular, on terminological variability for specific purposes. This globalized extra-linguistic factor provokes avalanche growth of…

  2. Validation of an abbreviated Vitalpac™ Early Warning Score (ViEWS) in 75,419 consecutive admissions to a Canadian regional hospital.

    Kellett, John

    2012-03-01

    The early warning score derived from 198,755 vital sign sets in the Vitalpac™ database (ViEWS) has an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC) for death of acute unselected medical patients within 24h of 88%.

  3. Nano Revolution--Big Impact: How Emerging Nanotechnologies Will Change the Future of Education and Industry in America (and More Specifically in Oklahoma). An Abbreviated Account

    Holley, Steven E.

    2009-01-01

    Scientists are creating new and amazing materials by manipulating molecules at the ultra-small scale of 0.1 to 100 nanometers. Nanosize super particles demonstrate powerful and unprecedented electrical, chemical, and mechanical properties. This study examines how nanotechnology, as the multidisciplinary engineering of novel nanomaterials into…

  4. Identification of an Abbreviated Test Battery for Detection of HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Impairment in an Early-Managed HIV-Infected Cohort

    2012-11-01

    the Montreal Cognitive Assessment ( MoCA ) [33]. Also, in order to capitalize on the normative data, the raw scores would have to be converted into...monolingual Spanish speakers from the U.S.- Mexico border region. Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22: 343– 353. 20. Heaton RK, Marcotte TD, Mindt MR, Sadek J, Moore...2005) The Montreal Cognitive Assessment, MoCA : a brief screening tool for mild cognitive impairment. J Am Geriatr Soc 53: 695–699. 34. Achenbach TM

  5. NATO Glossary of Abbreviations Used in NATO Documents and Publications (Glossaire OTAN des Abreviations Utilisees dans les Documents et Publications OTAN)

    2007-01-01

    satellites) NASG AOI 1. appel d’offres international NASG 1a. international call for tenders / ICT / 1b. international competitive bidding /ICB/ 1a. NASG 1b...système de réanimation en cas d’urgence NASG ELT 1. emergency locator transmitter ATP-10(D) 1. émetteur de localisation d’urgence NASG 2. équipement limité...the Red Cross ICRC Comité international de la Croix-Rouge /CICR 1./ CICR ICS in-country support CFE Treaty soutien à l’intérieur du pays Traité FCE ICT

  6. Abbreviated Report of the WHO Western Pacific Region Workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition: Key Elements for Success, Constraints and Future Plans

    2001-01-01

    A workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Constraints, Key Elements for Success, and Future Plans was convened and organized by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific in collaboration with the Institute for Medical Research Malaysia and co-sponsored with FAO and UNICEF from 25—29 October 1999. It was attended by representatives of 25 countries in the region and resource persons, representatives from WHO and other international agencies. The objectives of the workshop were to review the progress of countries in developing, implementing and monitoring national plans of action for nutrition (NPANs) in the Western Pacific Region and to identify constraints and key elements of success in these efforts. Most of the countries have NPANs, either approved and implemented or awaiting official endorsement. The Plan formulation is usually multisectoral, involving several government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and international agencies. Often official adoption or endorsement of the Plan comes from the head of state and cabinet or the minister of health, one to six years from the start of its formulation. The NPAN has stimulated support for the development and implementation of nutrition projects and activities, with comparatively greater involvement of and more support from government ministries, UN agencies and non-governmental agencies compared to local communities, bilateral and private sectors and research and academic institutions. Monitoring and evaluation are important components of NPANs. They are, however, not given high priority and often not built into the plan. The role of an intersectoral coordinating body is considered crucial to a country's nutrition program. Most countries have an intersectoral structure or coordinating body to ensure the proper implementation, monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.

  7. Abbreviated Report of the WHO Western Pacific Region Workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Key Elements for Success ,Constraints and Future plans

    E-SIONGTEE

    2001-01-01

    A workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Constraints,Key Elements for Sucess,and Futrue Plans was convened and organized by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific in collaboration with the Institute for Medical Research Malasysia and Co-Sponsored with FAO and UNICEF from 25-29 October 1999,It was attended by representatives of 25 coutries in the region and resource persons,representatives form WHO and other international agencies,The objectives of the workshop were to review the progress of countries in developing,implementing and monitoring national plans of action for nutrition(NPANs) in the Western Pacific Region and to identify constraints and key elements of success in these efforts.Most of the countries have NPANs,either approved and implemented or awaiting official endorsement.The Plan formulation is usually multisectoral,involving several government ministries.non-governmental organizations,and international agencies,Ofter official adoption or endorsement of the Plan comes from the head of state and cabinet or the minister of health,one to six years from the stat of its formulation,The NPAn has stiumlated support for the development and implementation of nutrition projects and activities,with comparatively greater involvement of and more support from government ministries,NU agencies and non-governmental a gencies compared to local communities,bilateral and private sectors and research and academic institutions.Monitoring and evaluation are importand components of NPANs.They are,however,not given high priority and often not bulit into the plan.The role of an intersectoral coordinating body is considered crucial to a coutry's nutrition program.Most countries have an intersectoral structure or coordinating body to ensure the proper impleentation,monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.The workshop identified the constraints and key elements of success in each of the four stages of the NPAN process:development,operationalization,implementation,and monitoring and evaluation,Constraints to the NPAN process relate to the political and socioeconomic environmant,resource scarcity,control and management processes,and factors related to sustainability.The group's review of NPAN identified successful NPANs as those based on recent adequate and good quality information on the nutritional situation of the country,and on the selection of strategies,priorities and interventions that are relevant to the country and backed up by adequate resources,Continued high leve political commitment,a multisectoral approach,and adequate participation of local communities are other key elements for success.The participants agreed on future actions and support needed from various sources for the further development ,implementation.monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.The recommendations for future actions were categorized into actions pertaining to countries with working NPAN,actions for countries without working NPAN and actions relevant to all countries.There was also a set of suggested actions at the regional level,such as holding of regular regional NPAN evaluation meetings inclusion of NPAN on the agenda of regional fora by the regional organizations,and strengthening of regional nutrition networks.

  8. NATO Glossary of Abbreviations Used in NATO Documents and Publications (glossaire otan des abreviations utilisees dans les documents et publications otan)

    2010-01-01

    données contractuelles [NASG] CDS1 chief of defence staff Note: GBR. [NASG] chef d’état-major des armées / CEMA / Note : FRA. [NASG] CDS2...effets combinés [NASG] CEM3 compatibilité électromagnétique [NASG] electromagnetic compatibility /EMC/ [NASG] CEMA chef d’état-major des...COR- CEMA Conseil OTAN-Russie en session des chefs d’état-major [NASG] NATO-Russia Council in Chiefs of Staff Session /NRC-CS/ [NASG] CORCEN

  9. 关于汉语盲文简写方案的调查%A Survey on the Abbreviation Scheme of Current-using Chinese Braille

    钟经华; 韩萍; 郝传萍; 李朝煦

    2009-01-01

    对试用2个月的64名初中盲生进行问卷调查,发现87.51%的初中生认为学习简写方案没有困难.对22名盲文教师、30名盲人大学生、7名盲文出版工作者进行小组访谈,结论是:没有科学性错误,符号没有歧义;中的方案(一)部分简单明了、好学好用,但定型简写词的记忆量过大,希望其经进一步修订后推广.

  10. 简写是汉语盲文升级的必由之路%Abbreviation: the Way to Upgrade Chinese Braille

    钟经华

    2005-01-01

    由于受到触觉感知速度和灵敏性的限制,加之盲文自身结构的局限性,阅读速度慢是各国盲文的共同特点.通过简写方案,可以减少盲文表达的方数,间接提高盲文的阅读、书写速度.简写对汉语盲文还有特殊的意义,简写符形代表固定的汉字,可以有效的区分高频同音词.简写可以提高汉语盲文的精确性、简明性,是盲文从低级形态向高级形态过渡的必由之路,对发展盲人先进文化有积极的意义.英语盲文的改革是简写方案的改革,而不是基本方案的更迭,这非常值得汉语盲文改革借鉴.

  11. Abbreviated exposure to hypoxia is sufficient to induce CNS dysmyelination, modulate spinal motor neuron composition, and impair motor development in neonatal mice.

    Watzlawik, Jens O; Kahoud, Robert J; O'Toole, Ryan J; White, Katherine A M; Ogden, Alyssa R; Painter, Meghan M; Wootla, Bharath; Papke, Louisa M; Denic, Aleksandar; Weimer, Jill M; Carey, William A; Rodriguez, Moses

    2015-01-01

    Neonatal white matter injury (nWMI) is an increasingly common cause of cerebral palsy that results predominantly from hypoxic injury to progenitor cells including those of the oligodendrocyte lineage. Existing mouse models of nWMI utilize prolonged periods of hypoxia during the neonatal period, require complex cross-fostering and exhibit poor growth and high mortality rates. Abnormal CNS myelin composition serves as the major explanation for persistent neuro-motor deficits. Here we developed a simplified model of nWMI with low mortality rates and improved growth without cross-fostering. Neonatal mice are exposed to low oxygen from postnatal day (P) 3 to P7, which roughly corresponds to the period of human brain development between gestational weeks 32 and 36. CNS hypomyelination is detectable for 2-3 weeks post injury and strongly correlates with levels of body and brain weight loss. Immediately following hypoxia treatment, cell death was evident in multiple brain regions, most notably in superficial and deep cortical layers as well as the subventricular zone progenitor compartment. PDGFαR, Nkx2.2, and Olig2 positive oligodendrocyte progenitor cell were significantly reduced until postnatal day 27. In addition to CNS dysmyelination we identified a novel pathological marker for adult hypoxic animals that strongly correlates with life-long neuro-motor deficits. Mice reared under hypoxia reveal an abnormal spinal neuron composition with increased small and medium diameter axons and decreased large diameter axons in thoracic lateral and anterior funiculi. Differences were particularly pronounced in white matter motor tracts left and right of the anterior median fissure. Our findings suggest that 4 days of exposure to hypoxia are sufficient to induce experimental nWMI in CD1 mice, thus providing a model to test new therapeutics. Pathological hallmarks of this model include early cell death, decreased OPCs and hypomyelination in early postnatal life, followed by dysmyelination, abnormal spinal neuron composition, and neuro-motor deficits in adulthood.

  12. Spanish Multicenter Normative Studies (NEURONORMA Project): norms for the visual object and space perception battery-abbreviated, and judgment of line orientation.

    Peña-Casanova, Jordi; Quintana-Aparicio, María; Quiñones-Ubeda, Sonia; Aguilar, Miquel; Molinuevo, José Luis; Serradell, Mónica; Robles, Alfredo; Barquero, María Sagrario; Villanueva, Clara; Antúnez, Carmen; Martínez-Parra, Carlos; Frank-García, Anna; Aguilar, María Dolores; Fernández, Manuel; Alfonso, Verónica; Sol, Josep M; Blesa, Rafael

    2009-06-01

    This study forms part of the Spanish Multicenter Normative Studies (NEURONORMA project). Normative data for people aged over 49 years are presented for selected tasks of the visual object and space perception battery (VOSP) and for the judgment of line orientation (JLO) test. Age-adjusted norms were derived from a sample of 341 participants who are cognitively normal and community-dwelling. Age- and education-adjusted norms are also provided. Years of education were modeled on age-scaled scores to derive regression equations that were applied for further demographic adjustments. The normative information provided here should prove useful for characterizing and interpreting individual test performances as well as comparing the scores from these tests with any other test using NEURONORMA norms.

  13. 广播电视媒体使用外文缩略语的受众态度调查%A Survey on Audience Attitudes Towards Foreign Abbreviations in Radio and Television Broadcasting

    张荻

    2015-01-01

    本文采用问卷法对广播电视媒体使用外文缩略语的受众态度进行调查,调查分为四个部分:受众对外文缩略语的知晓和使用情况,受众对广播电视使用外文缩略语的态度,受众自身使用习惯是否影响其对媒体的态度,不同群体的态度差异和影响因素测量.调查结论明确了受众的语言态度,可为广播电视媒体外文缩略语的使用规范提供参考.

  14. The Impact of Postmodernism on the Phenomenon of Deconstructive Abbreviation in Russian%后现代主义对俄语去缩略语化现象的影响

    陈欢; 杨可

    2011-01-01

    受西方后现代主义思潮的影响,当代俄语中出现了一些新的语言现象或者原有的语言现象的活跃化过程,其中包括去缩略语化现象的活跃化过程.本文具体分析了后现代主义思潮及其流派解构主义对俄语去缩略语化过程的影响,从深层次揭示了去缩略语化现象的生成机制和建构本质.

  15. 车载小型除氚装置催化氧化床设计%Design of the Oxidation Catalysis Bed for an Abbreviated Facility Carrying by an Autotruck

    刘昌法; 王佑君; 侯立安

    2006-01-01

    通过对目前国内外除氚方法的研究,采用负载型Pd贵金属催化剂,设计了一种适合特殊环境条件下的车载小型催化氧化除氚装置.本文详细阐述了装置的设计方法,原理及一般原则,并通过计算机系统仿真对装置的处理效果检验,达到了设计要求,满足了特殊环境的需要.

  16. Compact exhaust gas boilers. Investigation of heat transfer and pressure drop for serrated finned tubes. (Abbreviated edition); Kompakte avgasskjeler. Undersoekelse av varmeovergang og trykktap for serraterte finnede roer. (Forkortet utgave.)

    Midtbust, H.O.; Naess, E.

    1995-07-03

    This report discusses investigations of pressure drops and heat transfer in cross-current flow of gases (air) on bundles of serrated finned tubes. For the various geometries the tube spacing and tube diameter varied while the geometry of the fins remained unchanged. Pressure drop and heat transfer were measured at six different air flows for each geometry, and the results compared with available correlations from the literature. The measurements are at variance with the correlations and indicate that the pressure loss coefficient for all the tested geometries are less influenced by the flow conditions (air speed) than predicted by the correlations. Compared with the correlation recommended by the tube supplier (Weierman`s correlation) the measured results are mostly somewhat higher than predicted for the larger air flows. The maximum observed deviation is 70%. The deviation between the published pressure loss correlations is also considerable. The heat transfer measurements agree qualitatively with the published correlations with respect to the flow conditions. Comparison with the heat transfer correlation recommended by the tube supplier indicates that the correlation over-predicts the heat transfer quite considerably. The deviation increases systematically with reduced tube diameter and with increased angle of the tube arrangement. 16 figs., 7 tabs.

  17. 汉语现行盲文双音节同音词简写的研究%A Study on the Abbreviation of Double-syllable Homonyms in Current Chinese Braille

    钟经华

    2007-01-01

    双音节词占现代汉语词汇的绝对多数,现行盲文混淆词也主要是双音节词.对现行盲文双音节同音词进行简写能够提高盲文的阅读、书写速度,能够区分同音词.本研究在5,000常用词内筛选出需要简写的同音词39组,首音节必须标调的同音词4组,极高频同音词9组,四字同调词10组,其他高频同音词16组.本研究中,57个词是通过约定标调方式进行简写的,10个词是通过加一方(第23点)进行简写的.

  18. A Research on the Abbreviation of Frequently Used Double-syllables in Current Chinese Braille%汉语现行盲文双音节高频词的简写研究

    钟经华

    2008-01-01

    双音节高频词是汉语盲文简写方案的主体.声声简写符合汉语拼音的特点,与多数计算机输入法相吻合.前加点是英语盲文简写的常见形式.现行盲文也可以在被简写词的核心符号前加点、后加点进行简写.本研究实现了双音节词与简写符号的一一对应,词形是固定的,声调符号也暗含其中.简写符号既不存在读音猜谜、也不存在词义猜谜问题.

  19. 汉语现行盲文单音节的简写研究%Research on the Abbreviation of Uni-syllables in Currently-used Chinese Braille

    钟经华; 韩萍; 李伟洪; 金惠淑; 肖航; 孔志清; 李任炜

    2007-01-01

    现行盲文的简写研究应在继承基本方案简写因素的基础上创新,在兼顾拼音规律与盲文摸读规律的基础上提高简写效益.唇音"b、p、m、f"表示音节"bu、pu、mu、fu"的简写;舌尖中音"d、t、n、l"表示"的"、"他"、"能"、"了"的简写;舌面后音"g、k、h"表示音节"ge、ke、he"的简写.单音节的简写都可以根据相应的规则应用在多音节词中.

  20. Optimization Abbreviation Design for Multi-syllable Words in Current-using Chinese Braille%现行盲文多音节词简写的优选设计

    钟经华

    2009-01-01

    现行盲文多音节词的简写只能使用多方符号的组合.同时具备三个优选条件的符号组合才能作为多音节词简写的优选符号.符合四个优选条件之一的常用词即可作为优选简写词,通过简写效率公式进行定量分析,通过语言学家、盲文专家进行定性分析,再征求10所实验盲校师生的意见,优选设计了71个多音节词的简写符号.在记忆负担较小的前提下,总简写效率达到了7.57%.

  1. 76 FR 79701 - Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 70 New Drug Applications and 97...

    2011-12-22

    ... 70 New Drug Applications and 97 Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Correction AGENCY: Food and Drug... withdrawal of approval of 70 new drug applications (NDAs) and 97 abbreviated new drug applications...

  2. Progress on Radioactive Waste Treatment Facilities Construction

    2011-01-01

    In 2011, five projects were undertaken by radioactive waste projects management department, which are "Cold Commissioning of the Pilot Project on Radioactive Waste Retrieval and Conditioning (abbreviation 'Pilot Project')", "Radioactive Ventilation Project Construction (abbreviation 'Ventilation

  3. Acronym master list

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This document is a master list of acronyms and other abbreviations that are used by or could be useful to, the personnel at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Many specialized and well-known abbreviations are not included in this list.

  4. 76 FR 54473 - Guidance on Positron Emission Tomography Drug Applications-Content and Format for New Drug...

    2011-09-01

    ...-- Content and Format for New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Availability AGENCY... tomography (PET) drugs in submitting new drug applications (NDAs) or abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs... Content and Format of New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications for......

  5. 76 FR 6143 - Draft Guidance on Positron Emission Tomography Drug Applications-Content and Format for New Drug...

    2011-02-03

    ... Applications--Content and Format for New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Availability... emission tomography (PET) drugs in submitting new drug applications (NDAs) or abbreviated new drug... Content and Format of New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications for Certain......

  6. Water-Quality Data, Huron County, Michigan 2004

    2005-01-01

    of Agriculture (2005). Abbreviations: CAS, Chemical Abstract Service; RL, Reporting Level; mrl, minimum reporting level; irl, interim reporting...Abbreviations: CAS, Chemical Abstract Service; RL, Reporting Level; mrl, minimum reporting level; irl, interim reporting level; F, fungicide; H, herbicide...Abbreviations: CAS, Chemical Abstract Service; RL, Reporting Level; mrl, minimum reporting level; irl, interim reporting level; F, fungicide; H, herbicide

  7. 12 CFR 741.4 - Insurance premium and one percent deposit.

    2010-01-01

    ... the insured shares in all insured credit unions. (iii) Shown as an abbreviated mathematical formula...) Shown as an abbreviated mathematical formula, the equity ratio is: ER18OC99.002 (3) Insured shares means...) Shown as an abbreviated mathematical formula, the equity ratio is: ER03DE09.001 Insured shares means...

  8. 75 FR 8963 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Reporting and...

    2010-02-26

    ... ``Cabinet X-Ray Annual Report'' FDA Form 3642 ``General Correspondence'' FDA Form 3643 ``Microwave Oven... Microwave Ovens'' FDA Form 3661 ``Guide for the Submission of an Abbreviated Report on X-Ray Tables, Cradles... Form 3663 ``Abbreviated Reports on Radiation Safety for Microwave Products (Other than Microwave...

  9. 77 FR 76842 - Exhaust Emissions Standards for New Aircraft Gas Turbine Engines and Identification Plate for...

    2012-12-31

    ... abbreviation for the term ``W Watt(s)'' and add the abbreviations for the terms ``Carbon dioxide'', ``Gram(s... 2 Carbon dioxide * * * * * g Gram(s) * * * * * kN Kilonewton(s) kW Kilowatt(s) lb Pound(s... exhaust emissions, smoke and fuel venting from aircraft in 1973, with occasional revision. Since the...

  10. Hesitating progress - the slow development toward algebraic symbolization in abbacus- and related manuscripts, c.1300 to c.1550

    Høyrup, Jens

    From the early fourteenth century onward, some Italian Abbacus manuscripts begin to use particular abbreviations for algebraic operations and objects and, to be distinguished from that, examples of symbolic operation. The algebraic abbreviations and symbolic operations we find in German Rechenmei...

  11. Hesitating progress

    Høyrup, Jens

    2010-01-01

    From the early fourteenth century onward, some Italian Abbacus manuscripts begin to use particular abbreviations for algebraic operations and objects and, to be distinguished from that, examples of symbolic operation. The algebraic abbreviations and symbolic operations we find in German Rechenmei...

  12. Navy Occupational Health Information Management System (NOHIMS). Hazardous Materials Control Module. Operators’ Guide

    1987-01-16

    and Abbreviations The following terms and abbreviations are used in this manual: o CAS ( Chemical Abstract Service) Number: A unique identification...number given to chemical substances by the Chemical Abstract Service o IHer: The Industrial Hygienist at the medical facility o FileMan: The VA-s data

  13. Navy Occupational Health Information Management System (NOHIMS). Hazardous Materials Control Module. Users’ Manual

    1987-01-16

    NAVSUP Publication 4500, July 1980 I-1 1.3 Terms and Abbreviations The following terms and abbreviations are used in this manual: o CAS ( Chemical Abstract Service...Number: A unique identification number given to chemical substances by the Chemical Abstract Service o IHer: The Industrial Hygienist at the

  14. No Sense in Dwelling on the Past?: The Fate of the US Air Force’s German Air Force Monograph Project, 1952-69

    2011-04-01

    107 E SELECTED MONOGRAPHS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS . . . . 119 DRAMATIS PERSONAE ...Strategic Bombing Survey Wehrmacht German armed forces during the Nazi era 120 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS 121 Dramatis Personae American Angell...Luftwaffe’s Agility: An Assessment of Rele- vant Concepts and Practices.” Paper presented at the bien - nial Air Power Conference. Hendon, UK, 20 July 2006

  15. 21 CFR 26.41 - Exchange and endorsement of quality system evaluation reports.

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE PRODUCT EVALUATION REPORTS: UNITED STATES...; (2) Abbreviated reports of quality systems surveillance audits. (c) If the abbreviated reports do not provide sufficient information, the importing party may request additional clarification from the CAB....

  16. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field / Development of technology to treat aquatic environment by using microorganisms fixed on carbon fabrics (abbreviation: carbon/aquatic environment project) (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / tanso sen`i nansoshiki eno biseibutsu kochaku gensho wo riyoshita mizukankyo seibi gijutsu no kaihatsu (ryakusho: tanso mizu kankyo project) daiichi nendo seika hokokusho

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Out of the development of technology to arrange the aquatic environment using phenomena of microorganism fixation on carbon fiber soft textures, the paper stated the fiscal 1997 result. On carbon fibers in a state of swaying in water, microorganisms in water fix in an amazingly large quantity. A catalog was compiled of 58 kinds of carbon fabrics trially woven and knitted. When carbon fiber is used as activated sludge carrier, activity of microorganism lasts more than one year. Only a little amount of surplus sludge is generated. The fixed microorganisms are more active in case of carbon fiber than in case of nylon and polyester fibers. Fiber texture models of carbon fiber fixing activated sludge groups were proposed. By pump operation, the water flow inside/outside microorganism groups is being accelerated. Several new strains of bacillus carboniphilus were isolated/identified from soil and marsh. To grasp relationships of characteristics among three elements such as the state of aquatic environment, fiber, and microorganism group, the experiment was prepared. Preliminary work is conducted to derive a simple equation for facility design, and experimental directions to obtain design conditions were proposed. 6 refs., 166 figs., 47 tabs.

  17. Ontology-Based Data Mining in Digital Libraries

    Kovačević, Ana

    The paper proposes matching short forms (abbreviated titles from the citation report) with their corresponding longer ones (journal titles in the digital library). The main problem is that there are often a number of syntactically different abbreviated forms for one abbreviated title in the citation report. We use character- and token-based similarity metrics to identify duplicate records. Also, we improve the process of identifying syntactically different data with the automated discovery of ontological knowledge representations such as thesauri from correctly matched data.

  18. 78 FR 56718 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioanalytical Method Validation; Availability

    2013-09-13

    ... revising the guidance to reflect advancements in the science and technology of bioanalytical method... to some studies related to the veterinary drug approval process (Investigational New Animal Drugs (INADs), New Animal Drug Applications (NADAs), and Abbreviated New Animal Drug Applications...

  19. SASL: A Semantic Annotation System for Literature

    Yuan, Pingpeng; Wang, Guoyin; Zhang, Qin; Jin, Hai

    Due to ambiguity, search engines for scientific literatures may not return right search results. One efficient solution to the problems is to automatically annotate literatures and attach the semantic information to them. Generally, semantic annotation requires identifying entities before attaching semantic information to them. However, due to abbreviation and other reasons, it is very difficult to identify entities correctly. The paper presents a Semantic Annotation System for Literature (SASL), which utilizes Wikipedia as knowledge base to annotate literatures. SASL mainly attaches semantic to terminology, academic institutions, conferences, and journals etc. Many of them are usually abbreviations, which induces ambiguity. Here, SASL uses regular expressions to extract the mapping between full name of entities and their abbreviation. Since full names of several entities may map to a single abbreviation, SASL introduces Hidden Markov Model to implement name disambiguation. Finally, the paper presents the experimental results, which confirm SASL a good performance.

  20. A Criticism of Doyle's survey of time preference: A correction regarding the CRDI and CADI families

    Han Bleichrodt

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Doyle's (2013 theoretical survey of discount functions criticizes two parametric families abbreviated as CRDI and CADI families. We show that Doyle's criticisms are based on a mathematical mistake and are incorrect.

  1. A Criticism of Doyle's survey of time preference: A correction regarding the CRDI and CADI families

    Han Bleichrodt; Potter van Loon, Rogier J. D.; Kirsten I.M. Rohde; Wakker, Peter P.

    2013-01-01

    Doyle's (2013) theoretical survey of discount functions criticizes two parametric families abbreviated as CRDI and CADI families. We show that Doyle's criticisms are based on a mathematical mistake and are incorrect.

  2. Croton grewioides Baill. (Euphorbiaceae shows antidiarrheal activity in mice

    Anne Dayse Soares da Silva

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviations Used: CG-EtOH: crude ethanolic extract obtained from the aerial parts of C. grewioides; WHO: World Health Organization; ED50: dose of a drug that produces 50% of its maximum effect; Emax: maximum effect

  3. Application of Economy Principle in News English

    潘红

    2016-01-01

    The economy principle of language obtained full manifestation in news English. This paper presents major ways in which people make news English economic, i.e. using short words, abbreviations, affixes, compounds and words with extended meanings and conversions.

  4. 21 CFR 310.530 - Topically applied hormone-containing drug products for over-the-counter (OTC) human use.

    2010-04-01

    ... for marketing. In the absence of an approved new drug application or abbreviated new drug application... delivered for introduction into interstate commerce that is not in compliance with this section is...

  5. 40 CFR 191.12 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... that might affect the disposal system; (2) examines the effects of these processes and events on the... rem or one joule per kilogram. The abbreviation is “Sv.” Undisturbed performance means the...

  6. Maturation of the immune response

    Altena, van S.E.C.; Meijer, B.; Savelkoul, H.F.J.

    2014-01-01

    The innate immune system depends on features like extracellular and intracellular pattern recognition receptors (PRR) that recognize general molecular patterns. Different types of PRR have been described, identifying microbe-, pathogen-, and danger-associated molecular patterns (abbreviated as MAMP,

  7. 78 FR 73199 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Studies With Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs...

    2013-12-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Studies With Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs Submitted Under an Abbreviated New Drug Application; Availability AGENCY: Food... guidances to industry on ``Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Studies for Orally Administered Drug...

  8. ATHENA'S PAGES

    Raveenthiran V

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Athena stands for abbreviation of Abstracting and Thoughtful Evaluation of Neonatal Articles; but it is also personified by the contributor. Like Athena of Greek mythology, she distills wisdom from published literature.

  9. 75 FR 33311 - Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products; Availability

    2010-06-11

    ... Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS... guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific Products.'' This guidance... bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs). Under this process,...

  10. 77 FR 7585 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Rifaximin Tablets; Availability

    2012-02-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence... industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Rifaximin,'' one for the 200- milligram (mg... specific guidance on the design of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug...

  11. 77 FR 58399 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium...

    2012-09-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence... guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium.'' The recommendations provide specific guidance on the design of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated...

  12. 78 FR 55263 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Fluticasone Propionate...

    2013-09-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence... availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Fluticasone... bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for fluticasone...

  13. 78 FR 46965 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Mesalamine Rectal Suppositories...

    2013-08-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence... guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Mesalamine.'' The recommendations provide specific guidance on the design of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new...

  14. 77 FR 7586 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendation for Nitroglycerin Metered Spray...

    2012-02-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendation... Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of two draft guidances for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence... of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for...

  15. 78 FR 73200 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Paliperidone Palmitate Extended...

    2013-12-05

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence... the availability of a revised draft guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations... bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for paliperidone...

  16. 78 FR 52777 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Risperidone Injection...

    2013-08-26

    ... on Bioequivalence Recommendations for Risperidone Injection; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug... provides specific recommendations on the design of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new... availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``Bioequivalence Recommendations for Specific...

  17. 40 CFR 417.41 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to...-10 percent crude glycerine and 90-22 percent water that is a by-product of saponification or...

  18. Should Internet Jargon Be Allowed in College Entrance Examinations?

    2007-01-01

    Anyone who has chatted online knows that when the heat is on, brief is best. There is just no time to type out correctly spelled, grammatically gleaming sentenceswhen the gossip gallops across the keyboard. Symbols, jargon, abbreviations, similaritie

  19. 40 CFR 204.2 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... standard abbreviation for A-weighted sound level in decibels. (13) Reasonable assistance means providing... specified, otherwise A-weighting is understood. (16) Sound pressure level means, in decibels, 20 times...

  20. Experiment list: DRX014629 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/ob

  1. Experiment list: DRX014559 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  2. Experiment list: DRX014558 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  3. Experiment list: DRX014684 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK013 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C

  4. Experiment list: DRX014615 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  5. Experiment list: DRX014626 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  6. Experiment list: DRX014561 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  7. Experiment list: DRX014562 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/

  8. Experiment list: DRX014628 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available | tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/o

  9. Experiment list: DRX014630 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  10. Experiment list: DRX014702 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK015 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018 |

  11. Experiment list: DRX014631 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/ob

  12. Experiment list: DRX014565 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C

  13. Experiment list: DRX014627 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available | tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/o

  14. Experiment list: DRX014607 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  15. Experiment list: DRX014557 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/

  16. Experiment list: DRX014560 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  17. Experiment list: DRX014611 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  18. Experiment list: DRX014738 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK019 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C

  19. Experiment list: DRX014634 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  20. Keratoconus Treatment Options

    ... vision better. Learn more … Rigid Gas Permeable Contact Lenses Rigid Gas Permeable Contact Lenses (abbreviated to RGP or GP) will correct vision as KC progresses. The rigid lens material enables the lens to vault over the ...

  1. International Financial Reporting Standards and differential reporting

    Jarvis, Robin; Collis, Jill

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the international development of financial reporting standards for smaller entities from a UK perspective. It examines the three elements of differential reporting: abbreviated accounts, the Financial Reporting Standard for Smaller Entities and exemption from the statutory audit.

  2. 77 FR 8883 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Scientific Considerations in Demonstrating Biosimilarity to a...

    2012-02-15

    ... protein product is biosimilar to a reference product for the purpose of submitting a marketing application... purpose of submitting a marketing application through the abbreviated licensure pathway under section...

  3. Photovoltaic energy systems: Program summary fiscal year 1983

    1984-01-01

    An overview of government funded activities in photovoltaic energy conversion research is given. Introductory information, a list of directing organizations, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, and an index of current contractors are given.

  4. Biosimilar monoclonal antibodies : The scientific basis for extrapolation

    Schellekens, Huub; Lietzan, Erika; Faccin, Freddy; Venema, Jaap

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Biosimilars are biologic products that receive authorization based on an abbreviated regulatory application containing comparative quality and nonclinical and clinical data that demonstrate similarity to a licensed biologic product. Extrapolation of safety and efficacy has emerged as a

  5. Annual report 2005 - Furnas Centrais Eletricas S.A

    NONE

    2005-12-15

    This progress report covers the year of 2005 general activity approaching the following areas: acronyms abbreviations and concepts, company profile, main indicators, company business, corporate performance, corporate governance and sustainable development.

  6. 77 FR 40069 - Single-Ingredient, Immediate-Release Drug Products Containing Oxycodone for Oral Administration...

    2012-07-06

    ... drug products are new drugs that require approved new drug applications (NDAs) or abbreviated new drug.... Unapproved new drug products containing oxycodone pose particular safety concerns because of their...

  7. Test Operations Procedure (TOP) 05-2-543 Enhanced Flight Termination Receiver (EFTR) Range Certification Testing

    2011-07-25

    flight. Inter-Range Instrumentation Group ( IRIG ) Original standing groups formed by the Range Commanders Council. The IRIG is an older term...APPENDIX F. ABBREVIATIONS. ID identification IF intermediate frequency IRD Interface Requirements Document IRIG Inter-Range Instrumentation

  8. Terra Harvest Open Architecture Standard for Unattended Systems

    2013-09-01

    Common Sensor Radio (1), Iridium, Broadband Global Area Network [ BGAN ], etc.) registered as communication services. An asset (sensor...2011. 13 List of Symbols, Abbreviations, and Acronyms APIs application programming interfaces BGAN Broadband Global Area Network DIA

  9. GIS and Its Use%地理信息系统在公共卫生中的应用

    王宇

    2006-01-01

    @@ 1 Brief introduction of GIS GIS is the abbreviation of Geographic Information Systems. As organized data can be accessed by pointing to a region on a map, GIS has become useful in a wide variety of applications.

  10. Fungal Skin Infections

    ... Abbreviations Weights & Measures ENGLISH View Professional English Deutsch Japanese Espaniol Find information on medical topics, symptoms, drugs, ... rash on the fingers. These eruptions ( dermatophytids , or identity or id reactions) are allergic reactions to the ...

  11. Geomagnetic Principal Magnetic Storms

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The abbreviations used for observatory names are as follows: GEOMAGNETIC OBSERVATORIES Code Station Geomagnetic Latitude ABG Alibag AMS Martin de Vivie. These data...

  12. Chemical components from Aloe and their inhibition of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase

    Ya Nan Sun

    2017-01-01

    Abbreviation used: IDO: inhibit indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase, TMS: tetramethylsilane, HMQC: heteronuclear multiple quantum correlation, HMBC: heteronuclear multiple bond correlation, COSY: 1H-1H correlation spectroscopy, ESI-MS: Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, DMSO: dimethyl sulfoxide

  13. 40 CFR 424.51 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS FERROALLOY MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Other Calcium Carbide Furnaces Subcategory § 424.51... definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart....

  14. Using UHPLC and UV-vis fingerprint method to evaluate substitutes for Swertia mileensis: An endangered medicinal plant

    Jie Li

    2017-01-01

    Abbreviation used: UHPLC: Ultra high performance liquid chromatography, UV-vis: Ultraviolet-vis, HBV: Anti-hepatitis virus, DNA: Deoxyribonucleic acid, PCA: Principal component analysis, D-GaIN: D-Galactosamine, BCG: Bacille Calmette-Guerin, LPS: Lipopolysaccharide

  15. Corrigendum to "A pathway-based network analysis of hypertension-related genes" [Physica A 444 (2016) 928-939

    Wang, Huan; Hu, Jing-Bo; Xu, Chuan-Yun; Zhang, De-Hai; Yan, Qian; Xu, Ming; Cao, Ke-Fei; Zhang, Xu-Sheng

    2016-04-01

    The authors regret that the letter "l" in the gene Creb3l2 was typed incorrectly as the number "1" three times in the published paper. In this paper, the number of abbreviations used for genes should be nine because "Col4a2_predicted" was also abbreviated as "Col4a2". Additionally, there were three minor errors in the production of the paper. The corrections are as follows:

  16. Design Guidelines for the User Interface to Computer-Based Information Systems

    1983-03-01

    rules involving word contraction with omission of vowels , etc.i. Reference: Moses and Ehrenreich, 1981. -16 Abbreviation Length -16 Abbreviations should...may be said that rather less is known about data display, and information assimilation by the user, than about data entry. In current information...Objectives: Consistency of data display Efficient information assimilation by the user Minimal memory load on user Compatibility of data display with data

  17. Elucidation of the Mechanisms and Environmental Relevance of cis-Dichloroethene and Vinyl Chloride Biodegradation

    2012-11-01

    CAP ε−caprolactone cDCE cis-1,2-dichloroethene CHMO ChnB, cyclohexanone monoxygenase (often abbreviated as CMO) CMO ChnB, cyclohexanone monooxygenase...often abbreviated as CHMO) CYHX cyclohexanone DCA 1,2-dichloroethane DCAA 2,2-dichloroacetic acid DCAL 2,2-dichloroacetaldehyde DCET 2,2...did not rule out involvement of other enzymes (e.g., cyclohexanone monooxygenase and glutathione-S-transferase) in cDCE oxidation – possibly even in

  18. Comparison of Platelet Transfusion as Fresh Whole Blood Versus Apheresis Platelets for Massively Transfused Combat Trauma patients

    2011-02-01

    T R A N S F U S I O N P R A C T I C E Comparison of platelet transfusion as fresh whole blood versus apheresis platelets for massively transfused...is able to provide blood products to include apheresis platelets (aPLT), but also has extensive experience using fresh whole blood (FWB). In massively...bleeding, resuscitation with blood products is an ABBREVIATIONS: AIS(s) = Abbreviated Injury Scale(s); aPLT = apheresis platelets; ARDS = adult

  19. Servitization, Services and Managing Complexity

    Harjo, Ieva; Frandsen, Thomas; Hsuan, Juliana

    This paper explores how seemingly complex servitized solutions can become tradable in a customer–supplier relationship by objectification and abbreviation. The key argument is that the complexity of product-service solutions can be reduced by abbreviation of the reality in written form of contracts...... and agreements that allow for customization while making the offer more comprehensible for customers and more manageable for suppliers. Preliminary results from an exploratory case study are presented....

  20. The Impact of Texting on Comprehension

    Jamal K. M. Ali

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study of the effects of texting on English language comprehension. The authors believe that English used in texting causes a lack of comprehension for English speakers, learners, and texters. Wei, Xian-hai and Jiang (2008:3 declare “In Netspeak, there are some newly-created vocabularies, which people cannot comprehend them either from their partial pronunciation or from their figures.” Crystal (2007:23 claims; “variation causes problems of comprehension and acceptability. If you speak or write differently from the way I do, we may fail to understand each other.”  In this paper, the authors conducted a questionnaire at Aligarh Muslim University to ninety respondents from five different Faculties and four different levels. To measure respondents’ comprehension of English texting, the authors gave the respondents abbreviations used by texters and asked them to write the full forms of the abbreviations. The authors found that many abbreviations were not understood, which suggested that most of the respondents did not understand and did not use these abbreviations. Keywords: abbreviation, comprehension, texting, texters, variation

  1. Selected Topics from LVCSR Research for Asian Languages at Tokyo Tech

    Furui, Sadaoki

    This paper presents our recent work in regard to building Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition (LVCSR) systems for the Thai, Indonesian, and Chinese languages. For Thai, since there is no word boundary in the written form, we have proposed a new method for automatically creating word-like units from a text corpus, and applied topic and speaking style adaptation to the language model to recognize spoken-style utterances. For Indonesian, we have applied proper noun-specific adaptation to acoustic modeling, and rule-based English-to-Indonesian phoneme mapping to solve the problem of large variation in proper noun and English word pronunciation in a spoken-query information retrieval system. In spoken Chinese, long organization names are frequently abbreviated, and abbreviated utterances cannot be recognized if the abbreviations are not included in the dictionary. We have proposed a new method for automatically generating Chinese abbreviations, and by expanding the vocabulary using the generated abbreviations, we have significantly improved the performance of spoken query-based search.

  2. Preparation and Behaviour of New Materials for Percutaneous Access

    2005-01-01

    The reinforcing effects on hydroxyapatite ( abbreviated HA ) of phosphate glass additives were researched. The samples of reinforced HA ( abbreviated RHA ) and control material were prepared and then percutaneously implanted in the skin of experiment animal. The histomorphology of the part skin tissue were observed.By a biomimetic process, the method and conditions of forming HA coating on the surface of medical silicon rubber(abbreviated MSR) were studied. The results illustrate that the phosphate glass additives have obvious reinforcing effects on HA. In the percutaneous implantation test, neither clear infiltration of inflammatory cells nor marked downgrowth of epidermis was observed for the part tissue surrounded RHA. The surface modification of MSR for percutaneous access could be attained by biomimetic synthesis of HA coating.

  3. Freud in China: An Interview with Wang Ning

    Evan Osnos

    2011-01-01

    0 (Abbreviation of Osnos) : How did you become focused on Freud? W (Abbreviation of Wang Ning) : I found that many of the American writers were greatly influenced by psychoanalysis, especially by Freud. So I took some time reading some of the books written by Freud, such as Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, Beyond the Pleasure Principles and An Autobiographi- cal Study. And in 1983, I attended a conference, a national conference on psychoanalysis in Nanjing and submitted a paper on Freudian influence on modern and contemporary Western literature.

  4. FY 1988 Budget: A brief look

    Katzoff, Judith A.

    Research funding fared relatively well in the abbreviated budget proposal for fiscal year (FY) 1988 that was submitted to Congress by the Reagan administration on January 5, 1987. Under the plan, funding of civilian basic research is proposed to increase by 4.5% over the FY 1987 level. This budget proposal, the first ever to top the $1-trillion mark, was released 1 month earlier than past proposals, in compliance with the new timetable established by the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings deficit control legislation passed in 1985. Because of the earlier deadline, the proposal was presented in abbreviated form, with a promise that more details will be made available in late January.

  5. Glossary to ARCH (GARCH)

    Bollerslev, Tim

    The literature on modeling and forecasting time-varying volatility is ripe with acronyms and abbreviations used to describe the many different parametric models that have been put forth since the original linear ARCH model introduced in the seminal Nobel Prize winning paper by Engle (1982......).  The present paper provides an easy-to-use encyclopedic reference guide to this long list of ARCH acronyms.  In addition to the acronyms associated with specific parametric models, I have also included descriptions of various abbreviations associated with more general statistical procedures and ideas...

  6. Exploring Polypharmacology Using a ROCS-Based Target Fishing Approach

    2012-01-01

    will interact with the target. Abbreviations: DB number, Drug Bank number; ATC, anatomical therapeutic chemical classification; AMPC , AmpC β-lactamase...26 0.49 0.60 AmpC 2 21 0.40 0.56 aAbbreviations: DHFR, dihydrofolate reductase; NA, neuraminidase; COX-2, cyclooxygenase-2; HMGR, hydroxymethylglutaryl...receptor 2; ALR2, aldose reductase 2; AmpC , AmpC β-lactamase; AUC, area under the curve. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling Article dx.doi.org

  7. Sorting variables for each case: a new algorithm to calculate injury severity score (ISS) using SPSS-PC.

    Linn, S

    One of the more often used measures of multiple injuries is the injury severity score (ISS). Determination of the ISS is based on the abbreviated injury scale (AIS). This paper suggests a new algorithm to sort the AISs for each case and calculate ISS. The program uses unsorted abbreviated injury scale (AIS) levels for each case and rearranges them in descending order. The first three sorted AISs representing the three most severe injuries of a person are then used to calculate injury severity score (ISS). This algorithm should be useful for analyses of clusters of injuries especially when more patients have multiple injuries.

  8. Effect of giberellic acid (GA4/7 and girdling on induction of reproductive structures in Pinus patula

    J-Jesus Vargas-Hernandez

    2016-07-01

    Abbreviations: GA: Gibberellic acid; GA4: Gibberellic acid 4; GA7: Gibberellic acid 7; GA4/7: Mix of gibberellic acids 4 and 7; FT1: Flowering trial carried out in the 2009 season; FT2: Flowering trial carried out in the 2010 season.

  9. Xeno-oestrogenic activity in serum as marker of occupational pesticide exposure

    Andersen, Helle Raun; Nielsen, Flemming; Nielsen, Jesper Bo

    2007-01-01

    in detectable impacts on hormonal activity in the blood. Abbreviations: HPLC, high performance liquid chromatography; E2, 17ß-oestradiol; PPE, personal protective equipment; RPE, relative proliferative effect; XE fraction, xeno-oestrogen fraction Exposure situations are often complex and involve several...

  10. Countering Terrorism Through Control of Pakistan’s Information Environment

    2014-09-01

    116 6. Al Rashid Trust...xiv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xv LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AEWC Airborne Early Warning and Control ART Al Rashid Trust ASWJ...Al Rashid Trust, and indirect ties with Al Qaeda and Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM). It is also alleged that Bashiruddin Mahmood’s team was trying to develop

  11. The Effects of Electronic Communication on American Sign Language

    Schneider, Erin; Kozak, L. Viola; Santiago, Roberto; Stephen, Anika

    2012-01-01

    Technological and language innovation often flow in concert with one another. Casual observation by researchers has shown that electronic communication memes, in the form of abbreviations, have found their way into spoken English. This study focuses on the current use of electronic modes of communication, such as cell smartphones, and e-mail, and…

  12. 76 FR 43298 - Building Energy Standards Program: Preliminary Determination Regarding Energy Efficiency...

    2011-07-20

    .... Definitions, Adds exceptions for Major + (requires Abbreviations, and Solar Heat Gain daylighting controls... applications such as parking lots to reduce lighting when not needed, and (3) add control for fa ade and... glazing 5. Building Envelope.. which are designed to be able to vary a performance property such as...

  13. Social Cognitive Career Theory, Conscientiousness, and Work Performance: A Meta-Analytic Path Analysis

    Brown, Steven D.; Lent, Robert W.; Telander, Kyle; Tramayne, Selena

    2011-01-01

    We performed a meta-analytic path analysis of an abbreviated version of social cognitive career theory's (SCCT) model of work performance (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994). The model we tested included the central cognitive predictors of performance (ability, self-efficacy, performance goals), with the exception of outcome expectations. Results…

  14. The Effects of Textisms on Learning, Study Time, and Instructional Perceptions in an Online Artificial Intelligence Instructional Module

    Beasley, Robert; Bryant, Nathan L.; Dodson, Phillip T.; Entwistle, Kevin C.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of textisms (i.e., abbreviated spellings, acronyms, and other shorthand notations) on learning, study time, and instructional perceptions in an online artificial intelligence instructional module. The independent variable in this investigation was experimental condition. For the control…

  15. M-Learning and Technological Literacy: Analyzing Benefits for Apprenticeship

    Cortés, Carlos Manuel Pacheco; Cortés, Adriana Margarita Pacheco

    2014-01-01

    The following study consists on comparative literature review conducted by several researchers and instructional designers; for a wide comprehension of Mobile-Learning (abbreviated "M-Learning") as an educational platform to provide "anytime-anywhere" access to interactions and resources on-line, and "Technological…

  16. High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) Testing

    2015-07-09

    Electromagnetic Pulse Horizontal Electromagnetic Pulse Advanced Fast Electromagnetic Pulse Nuclear Weapons Effect Testing and Environments 16. SECURITY...TOP 01-2-620A 9 July 2015 G-1 APPENDIX G. ABBREVIATIONS. AFEMP Advanced Fast Electromagnetic ... Electromagnetic Pulse A burst of electromagnetic radiation from a nuclear explosion or a suddenly fluctuating magnetic field. The resulting electric and

  17. Review

    Nooteboom, Hans P.

    1999-01-01

    Another impressing volume of the Flora of Australia, dealing with the ferns, Gymnosperms and allied groups. Chapters on morphology, a glossary of botanical terms used, and a list of abbreviations and contractions make this work accessible also for non specialists. Moreover, the many illustrations, c

  18. Corrections to the Vienna Code

    Since the publication of the Vienna Code, several errors have been noticed. Most are minor punctuation or cross-referencing errors, or, in the Appendices, inconsistencies in abbreviation, but there was one important omission from Art. 37, the misspelling of two specific epithets and the transpositio...

  19. Over de werkelijkheid van drie werelden : een pleidooi voor en een herziening van Poppers Driewereldentheorie

    Veening, Eite Pieter

    1998-01-01

    This book is an attempt to present a coherent and relevant reconstruction, expansion and revision of Karl Popper's Three-World-Theory (abbreviated to 3Wt). This theory is part of Popper's (rare) metaphysical work; he developed it in the sixties and he referred to it in a number of his later publicat

  20. Vegetarian Students in Their First Year of College: Are They at Risk for Restrictive or Disordered Eating Behaviors?

    Trautmann, Julianne; Rau, Stephanie I.; Wilson, Mardell A.; Walters, Connor

    2008-01-01

    This study compared restrictive and disordered eating behaviors in vegetarian versus non-vegetarian first-year college students. The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) and the abbreviated Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) were used to assess eating behaviors (n=330). The mean restrictive DEBQ and the EAT-26 scores of vegetarians were…

  1. Cotton-based nonwovens

    This article is an abbreviated description of a new cotton-based nonwovens research program at the Southern Regional Research Center, which is one of the four regional research centers of the Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Since cotton is a significant cash crop inte...

  2. A Framework for Global Electronic Commerce: An Executive Summary.

    Office of the Press Secretary of the White House

    1997-01-01

    An abbreviated version of a longer policy document on electronic commerce released by the Clinton Administration, this article examines principles and recommendations on tariffs, taxes, electronic payment systems, uniform commercial code for electronic commerce, intellectual property protection, privacy, security, telecommunications infrastructure…

  3. 32 CFR 239.9 - Application Processing Procedures.

    2010-07-01

    ... = Military PCS. (iv) State: State abbreviation. (v) Installation Number: The five digit ZIP code of the... which they depart. (vi) Application Number: Sequential beginning with 0001. ER30SE09.249 (d) Real Estate Values. (1) Because the PFMV is the purchase price for Expanded HAP, no appraisal of the property...

  4. Perceived Social Competence and Loneliness among Young Children with ASD: Child, Parent and Teacher Reports

    Zeedyk, Sasha M.; Cohen, Shana R.; Eisenhower, Abbey; Blacher, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Perceived loneliness and social competence were assessed for 127 children with ASD without comorbid ID, 4-7 years old, through child self-report. Using an abbreviated version of the "Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Questionnaire" (LSDQ; Cassidy and Asher in "Child Dev" 63:250-365, 1992), the majority of children reported…

  5. Examination of Modeling Languages to Allow Quantitative Analysis for Model-Based Systems Engineering

    2014-06-01

    x THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK xi LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS BOM Base Object Model BPMN Business Process Model & Notation DOD...SysML. There are many variants such as the Unified Profile for DODAF/MODAF (UPDM) and Business Process Model & Notation ( BPMN ) that have origins in

  6. Normalizing tweets with edit scripts and recurrent neural embeddings

    Chrupala, Grzegorz; Toutanova, Kristina; Wu, Hua

    2014-01-01

    Tweets often contain a large proportion of abbreviations, alternative spellings, novel words and other non-canonical language. These features are problematic for standard language analysis tools and it can be desirable to convert them to canonical form. We propose a novel text normalization model ba

  7. An experimental randomized study of six different ventilatory modes in a piglet model with normal lungs

    Nielsen, J B; Sjöstrand, U H; Henneberg, S W

    1991-01-01

    -controlled intermittent positive-pressure ventilation; and SV-20P denotes pressure-controlled intermittent positive-pressure ventilation. With all modes of ventilation a PEEP of 7.5 cm H2O was used. In the abbreviations used, the number denotes the ventilatory frequency in breaths per minute (bpm). HFV indicates that all...

  8. Documentation of the status of international geothermal power plants and a list by country of selected geothermally active governmental and private sector entities

    1992-10-01

    This report includes the printouts from the International Geothermal Power Plant Data Base and the Geothermally Active Entity Data Base. Also included are the explanation of the abbreviations used in the power plant data base, maps of geothermal installations by country, and data base questionnaires and mailing lists.

  9. Bringing RNA Interference (RNAi) into the High School Classroom

    Sengupta, Sibani

    2013-01-01

    RNA interference (abbreviated RNAi) is a relatively new discovery in the field of mechanisms that serve to regulate gene expression (a.k.a. protein synthesis). Gene expression can be regulated at the transcriptional level (mRNA production, processing, or stability) and at the translational level (protein synthesis). RNAi acts in a gene-specific…

  10. Structure-Based Design of Cdk4/6-Specific Inhibitors

    2006-10-01

    AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Ronen Marmorstein, Ph.D. 5e. TASK NUMBER E-Mail: marmor @wistar.org 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING...mail: marmor @wista.wistar.upenn.edu. 1 The abbreviations used are: CDK, cyclin-dependent kinase; INK4, inhibitors of CDK4. THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL

  11. 40 CFR 417.61 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ..., the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall... STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Manufacture of Soap Flakes and Powders... result if all water were removed from the actual product. (c) The term neat soap shall mean the...

  12. 40 CFR 417.11 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ..., the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall... STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Soap Manufacturing by Batch Kettle... result if all water were removed from the actual product. (c) The term neat soap shall mean the...

  13. 40 CFR 417.31 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401... STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Soap Manufacturing by Fatty Acid... would result if all water were removed from the actual product. (c) The term neat soap shall mean...

  14. The Multilingual Education (MLE) Network Phenomenon: Advocacy and Action for Minoritized Language Communities

    Trudell, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    This article examines a new phenomenon in language activism variously called the multilingual education working group or the multilingual education network, and abbreviated as MLEN. After an analysis of the conceptual and organizational contexts for these activist groups, the six MLENs in existence as of 2013 are described. The groups are then…

  15. Report style guide for subcontractors of the Efficiency and Renewables Research Section, Energy Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Stone, T.A.; Bennett, M.N.

    1992-09-01

    This document has been paraphrased from the ORNL Document Preparation Guide (DPG). It is intended for use by Efficiency and Renewables Research Section, Energy Division, ORNL subcontractor reports so that review and editing effort can be minimized. Topics covered are typing instructions, document format, usage, abbreviations and acronyms, and standard editing marks.

  16. General Military Training: Standardization and Reduction Options

    2012-01-01

    military training HIV human immunodeficiency virus HQ USAF/A1 Headquarters U.S. Air Force Manpower and Personnel IA information assurance Abbreviations...Management System MEO military equal opportunity MOS military occupational specialty MT mandatory training MWR morale, welfare, and recreation NATO...responsible sexual behavior, stress management, suicide prevention, alcohol and drug abuse prevention, and other health initiatives” (no periodicity given

  17. A Preliminary Investigation of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as a Treatment for Marijuana Dependence in Adults

    Twohig, Michael P.; Shoenberger, Deacon; Hayes, Steven C.

    2007-01-01

    In this investigation, 3 adults who met criteria for marijuana dependence were treated using an abbreviated version of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). The treatment was delivered in eight weekly 90-min individual sessions. The effects of the intervention were assessed using a nonconcurrent multiple baseline across participants design.…

  18. 75 FR 79295 - New Animal Drugs; Mupirocin

    2010-12-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 510 and 524 New Animal Drugs; Mupirocin AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of an abbreviated new animal...

  19. 76 FR 40808 - Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Amprolium

    2011-07-12

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 520 Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Amprolium AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of an original abbreviated new...

  20. 76 FR 17025 - New Animal Drugs; Oxytetracycline

    2011-03-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 520 and 529 New Animal Drugs; Oxytetracycline AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a supplemental abbreviated...

  1. Onderwijs in het Nationaal Programma Ouderenzorg

    Oeseburg, Barth; Schols, Jos; Olde Rikkert, Marcel; van der Horst, Henriëtte; Smilde-van den Doel, Dini; de Rooij, Sophia; Buurman-van Es, Bianca; Schuurmans, Marieke; Gussekloo, Jacobijn

    2016-01-01

    The Netherlands Organisation of Health Research and Development started in 2008 the Dutch National Care for the Elderly Programme (in Dutch abbreviated as NPO) with the aim to improve the quality of life for the frail older people through better quality of care (health, social, community) which is t

  2. Radioactivity: Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements (1962), (ICRU) Report 10 c.

    National Bureau of Standards (DOC), Washington, DC.

    This handbook presents recommendations agreed upon at the meeting of the International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements (ICRU) held in Montreux, Switzerland, in April 1962. It is written in a report form with a preface including symbols, abbreviations and definitions of terms used in the report. The report consists of four…

  3. External validation of the APPS, a new and simple outcome prediction score in patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome

    Bos, Lieuwe D; Schouten, Laura R; Cremer, Olaf L; Ong, David S Y; Schultz, Marcus J

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A recently developed prediction score based on age, arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen ratio (PaO2/FiO2) and plateau pressure (abbreviated as 'APPS') was shown to accurately predict mortality in patients diagnosed with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (

  4. THE USE OF ACRONYMS AND INITIALISMS IN BUSINESS ENGLISH

    Sim Monica Ariana

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Acronyms are abbreviations made up of the first letters of several words. They replace longer terms with simpler ones. In the English language, the widespread use of acronyms and initialisms is a relatively new linguistic phenomenon. As literacy rose, and

  5. Patients with previous definite stent thrombosis have a larger fraction of immature platelets and a reduced antiplatelet effect of aspirin

    Würtz, Morten; Grove, Erik; Wulff, Lise Nielsen;

    turnover. Key Words: aspirin; immature platelets; platelet aggregation; platelet function tests; stent thrombosis Abbreviations: ARU, aspirin reaction units; AU, aggregation units; BMS, bare-metal stent(s); DES, drug-eluting stent(s); IPF, immature platelet fraction; MEA, multiple electrode aggregometry...

  6. A Monocular SLAM Method to Estimate Relative Pose During Satellite Proximity Operations

    2015-03-26

    DURING SATELLITE PROXIMITY OPERATIONS THESIS Presented to the Faculty Department of Aerospace Engineering Graduate School of Engineering and Management ...xiii Abbreviation Page BRIEF Binary Robust Independent Elementary Feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SFM structure from motion...for Lo- cal Space (ANGELS) satellite which hosts a sensor payload to evaluate techniques for detecting, tracking, and characterizing space objects [2

  7. A Systematic Approach to Classroom Discipline, Part 1.

    Spaulding, Robert L.

    1983-01-01

    Observation of classroom coping behaviors of 1,066 K-12 students and of several hundred effective public school teachers provides discipline strategies for classroom management. Teachers apply one of seven treatment schedules after identifying a student's coping behavior. Tables show eight coping styles and abbreviated treatment schedules. (PB)

  8. High performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of high antioxidant australian fruits with antiproliferative activity against cancer cells

    Joseph Sirdaarta

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviations used: DPPH: di (phenyl- (2,4,6-trinitrophenyl iminoazanium, HPLC: High-performance liquid chromatography, IC50: The concentration required to inhibit by 50%, LC50: The concentration required to achieve 50% mortality, MS: Mass spectrometry. Ian Edwin Cock

  9. Evaluation of DoD Compliance with the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act

    2014-08-29

    Abbreviations AFI Air Force Instruction AFOSI Air Force Office of Special Investigations AG U.S. Attorney General APIS Advance Passenger Information System AR...dodigconnect-request@listserve.com Reports Mailing List dodig_report@listserve.com Twitter twitter.com/DoD_IG DoD Hotline dodig.mil/hotline D E PA R T M E N T

  10. 9 CFR 381.96 - Wording and form of the official inspection legend.

    2010-01-01

    ... inspection legend. 381.96 Section 381.96 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE... official inspection legend. Except as otherwise provided in this subpart, the official inspection legend... official inspection legend, or the approved abbreviation thereof, shall be printed on consumer packages...

  11. Kayardild morphology, phonology and morphosyntax

    2009-01-01

    PL7101.G39 , gyd , Gayardilt language --Morphology , Gayardilt language --Phonology Abstract Acknowledgements List of Abbreviations 1 Introduction 2 Phonetics and surface phonology 3 Word structure 4 Segmental phonology 5 Prosodic structure and intonation 6 Syntax, morphosyntax and inflection 7 Realisational morphology Appendix A Segmental phonology Appendix B Distribution of A-TAM References

  12. Why Colleges Should Welcome the Return of the Boomers

    Wofford, Harris

    2008-01-01

    Nine years ago, the American Association of Retired Persons officially shortened its name to its abbreviation, AARP. One big reason was that so many of its older members balked at the notion of a "retirement" that connoted time spent only on leisure activities, when so many of them were continuing to work longer--in the same career or in a new…

  13. Group Parent Training Combined with Follow-Up Coaching for Parents of Children with Developmental Delays

    Barton, Erin E.; Lissman, Dana Cohen

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between group training using an abbreviated version of the Incredible Years parent training with family coaching and positive parenting practices. Two at-­risk mothers and their young children with disabilities participated in the study. Both mothers were enrolled in a group parent training…

  14. Driving Simulator Performance of Veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars

    2013-01-01

    stress disorder, reintegration, safety, virtual reality. INTRODUCTION Motor vehicle crashes ( MVCs ) are among the leading causes of injury-related...the early years postdeployment [2]. Being deployed may increase risk for MVC -related fatalities because deployed gulf war Veterans were found to...Enduring Freedom Abbreviations: MANOVA = multivariate analysis of variance, MVC = motor vehicle crash, OIF/OEF = Operation Iraqi Free- dom/Operation

  15. On the Competition Problems of IPhO 39 in Vietnam

    Khoi, Nguyen The; Tu, Pham Quy; Don, Dam Trung

    2009-01-01

    We report on the competition problems given at the 39th International Physics Olympiad held in Hanoi, Vietnam, which consist of three theoretical and one experimental problems. The abbreviated solutions are presented. The distribution of marks for the problems is also shown. (Contains 2 tables and 8 figures.)

  16. 76 FR 41235 - Tres Palacios Gas Storage LLC; Notice of Application

    2011-07-13

    ... regulations, an abbreviated application for an amendment to its certificate of public convenience and... changes to the certificated Tres Palacios Storage Facility located in Matagorda County, Texas. The filing... facilities necessary for the safe operation of the new compressor (Compressor Substitution Project)....

  17. Reexamining Michaelis-Menten Enzyme Kinetics for Xanthine Oxidase

    Bassingthwaighte, James B.; Chinn, Tamara M.

    2013-01-01

    Abbreviated expressions for enzyme kinetic expressions, such as the Michaelis-Menten (M-M) equations, are based on the premise that enzyme concentrations are low compared with those of the substrate and product. When one does progress experiments, where the solute is consumed during conversion to form a series of products, the idealized conditions…

  18. Supporting First Grade Students Learning Number Facts up to 10 Using a Parrot Game

    Putra, Zetra Hainul; Darmawijoyo; Putri, Ratu Ilma Indra; den Hertog, Jaap

    2011-01-01

    Knowing number facts up to 10 become crucial if we want students to solve addition and subtraction problems using more abbreviated strategies. Otherwise, students will keep counting one-by-one until they get an answer. One of important number facts is number pairs that make ten because it is an important "benchmark" that students will…

  19. 77 FR 20030 - Draft Guidance for Industry: Reporting Harmful and Potentially Harmful Constituents in Tobacco...

    2012-04-03

    ... amends the FD&C Act and grants FDA authority to regulate the manufacture, marketing, and distribution of... reports quantities for the abbreviated list of HPHCs at least 90 days prior to marketing the product in... information under section 904(c)(1) at least 90 days prior to delivery for introduction into...

  20. "Population structure of drug-susceptible,-resistant and ESBL-producing Escherichia coli from community-acquired urinary tract"

    Hertz, Frederik Boëtius; Nielsen, Jesper Boye; Schønning, Kristian;

    2016-01-01

    , from non-hospitalized patients to describe the genetic kinship between resistant and susceptible isolates. We studied the populations by use of multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) and abbreviated-multi locus variable number of tandem repeat analysis (a-MLVA). Urine samples submitted for testing...

  1. SHOWICD - A COMPUTER-PROGRAM TO DISPLAY ICD-9CM CODED INJURY DIAGNOSES AND THEIR CORRESPONDING INJURY SEVERITY SCORES FOR A PARTICULAR PATIENT

    KINGMA, J; TENVERGERT, E; KLASEN, HJ

    1994-01-01

    SHOWICD is an interactive computer program designed to document severity of injury from the ICD-9CM coded injury diagnoses of a particular patient. Two severity-of-injury scores [the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and the Injury Severity Score (ISS)] are used. By employing the AIS scores, the severi

  2. A world check-list of the Ctenophorinae (Diptera, Tipulidae)

    Boersma, E.A.

    1977-01-01

    A list of the species and subspecies, including synonyms, of the tipulid subfamily Ctenophorinae is provided. References to the literature are nearly complete. The distribution of the species is indicated by abbreviations and figures referring to the geographic regions and subregions. A survey of th

  3. 78 FR 34935 - Revisions to Operational Requirements for the Use of Enhanced Flight Vision Systems (EFVS) and to...

    2013-06-11

    ... commerce and national security. List of Abbreviations and Acronyms Frequently Used In This Document AEG... that Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use VI. Additional Information A. Comments... require recent flight experience or a proficiency check for a person conducting an EFVS operation...

  4. Grady Highway Extension (Ship Creek Crossing) Elmendorf Air Force Base and Fort Richardson, Alaska

    2005-06-01

    DPW Directorate of Public Works DRMO Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office E.O. Executive Order Acronyms and Abbreviations vi...recreation management designation of the proposed road and bridge site is Limited Recreation (open to hiking, skiing, berry picking, birdwatching , and...Environmental Assessment Grady Highway Extension (Ship Creek Crossing) by the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Office (DRMO) located on the Base

  5. Scalability Assessments for the Malicious Activity Simulation Tool (MAST)

    2012-09-01

    System Management Server .........34 d. Computer Network Defense-Operating system Environment ( CND -OSE) Host-Based Security System (HBSS) Server...35 e. Computer Network Defense-Operating system Environment ( CND -OSE) Microsoft Structured Query Language (MSSQL) Server...LEFT BLANK xiii LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AdWare Advertising Software CND Computer Network Defense CNSS

  6. Comparison of adhesive properties of water- and phosphate-buffer-washed cottonseed meals with cottonseed protein isolate on maple and poplar veneers

    Water- and phosphate buffer (35 mM Na2HPO4/NaH2PO4, pH 7.5)-washed cottonseed meals (abbreviated as WCM and BCM, respectively) could be low-cost and environmentally friendly protein-based adhesives as their preparation does not involve corrosive alkali and acid solutions that are needed for cottonse...

  7. 40 CFR 205.158 - Labeling requirements.

    2010-07-01

    .... Modifications which cause this motorcycle to exceed Federal noise standards are prohibited by Federal law. See owner's manual. (6) The model specific code is limited to ten spaces which includes three spaces for the manufacturer's abbreviation (see paragraph (a)(7) of this section), three spaces for the class...

  8. 40 CFR 86.344-79 - Humidity calculations.

    2010-07-01

    ... Humidity calculations. (a) The following abbreviations (and units) are used in this section: BARO....562 715.655 720.781 725.939 731.130 736.354 741.611 746.901 752.224 3 757.581 762.971 768.396...

  9. A TURBO PASCAL PROGRAM TO CONVERT ICD-9CM CODED INJURY DIAGNOSES INTO INJURY SEVERITY SCORES - ICDTOAIS

    KINGMA, J; TENVERGERT, E; WERKMAN, HA; TENDUIS, HJ; KLASEN, HJ

    1994-01-01

    Diagnoses of injuries as a result Of trauma are commonly coded by means of the International Classification of Diseases (9th rev.) Clinical Modification (ICD-9CM). The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is frequently employed to assess the severity of injury per body region. The Injury Severity Score (I

  10. The spatial emergence of laser-induced periodic surface structures under lateral displacement irradiation conditions

    Eichstädt, Justus

    2015-01-01

    Recently, laser-induced periodic surface structures, abbreviated LIPSS, gained interest, because potential applications are seen in the field of surface functionalisation. The feasibility to produce LIPSS and the potential to influence surface functionality have been shown. But so far, the implement

  11. Afghanistans Oil, Gas, and Minerals Industries: $488 Million in U.S. Efforts Show Limited Progress Overall, and Challenges Prevent Further Investment and Growth

    2016-01-01

    the Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended; and in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards . John F. Sopko Special...26 SIGAR 16-11-AR/Afghanistan’s Extractive Industries Page vi ABBREVIATIONS AGS Afghanistan Geological Survey APA ...auditing standards . Details regarding our objectives, scope and methodology are in appendix I. BACKGROUND Afghanistan’s mountainous environment is

  12. 78 FR 69292 - TWIC Not Evidence of Resident Alien Status

    2013-11-19

    ... K. Energy Effects L. Technical Standards M. Environment I. Abbreviations APA Administrative... recordkeeping reference in Sec. 141.35(d). III. Regulatory History The Administrative Procedure Act (APA....C. 553. The APA, however, excludes certain types of regulations and permits exceptions for...

  13. A Progressive Grammar of the Tamil Language.

    Arden, A. H.; Clayton, A. C.

    The first chapter of this grammar of prose Tamil introduces the alphabet and orthography. Following chapters deal with parts of speech and verb constructions. A final chapter deals with colloquialisms and foreign words. Appended are lists of abbreviations, grammatical and temporal terms, and other information useful to the student, as well as a…

  14. Using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient to Measure Autistic Traits in Anorexia Nervosa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Westwood, Heather; Eisler, Ivan; Mandy, William; Leppanen, Jenni; Treasure, Janet; Tchanturia, Kate

    2016-01-01

    Interest in the link between Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Anorexia Nervosa (AN) has led to estimates of the prevalence of autistic traits in AN. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the use of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) or abbreviated version (AQ-10) to examine whether patients with AN have elevated levels of autistic…

  15. DoD Supply Chain Materiel Management Regulation

    2007-11-02

    ABBREVIATIONS AND/OR ACRONYMS AL1.1.122. NTISSI National Telecommunications and Information Systems Security Instruction AL1.1.123. NUIT National...3130 Bearings, Mounted 3210 Sawmill and Planning Mill Machinery 3220 Woodworking Machines 3230 Tools and Attachments for Woodworking Machinery 3431

  16. Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado

    Dean, J.; Van Geet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

    2012-04-01

    This abbreviated report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project.

  17. Human Performance Aspects of Small Screen Displays: A Literature Review Revealing the Lack of Specific Research.

    1986-05-01

    Heckel, P. (1983). Walt Disney and user oriented software. Byte, 8(12), 143-150. Disney’s successful cartoon ideas are extrapolated and...and 3) stereotypic (abbreviation chosen most often by a large group of people). Rosenberg, J.K. (1982). Evaluating the suggestiv+ness of command names

  18. Underutilized Facilities: DOD and GSA Information Sharing May Enhance Opportunities to Use Space at Military Installations

    2015-06-01

    14. ABSTRACT 15. SUBJECT TERMS 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT Same as Report (SAR) 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 39 19a...Abbreviations DOD Department of Defense EUL Enhanced Use Lease FRPP Federal Real Property Profile...underutilized property and relies too heavily on costly leases . 6 The federal government’s real property holdings are vast and diverse—comprising

  19. The Development and Testing of a Community Health Nursing Clinical Evaluation Tool.

    Hawranik, Pamela

    2000-01-01

    Describes the development and testing of a clinical evaluation tool for a community health nursing course for registered nurses through review of the literature and focus groups with community health nurses and faculty. The article contains 22 references and an abbreviated form of the evaluation tool. (Author/JOW)

  20. Erectile function after radical prostatectomy

    Fode, Mikkel; Frey, Anders; Jakobsen, Henrik;

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess postprostatectomy erectile function compared to preoperative status by subjective patient perception and the abbreviated International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study used data from a prospectively ...

  1. Synthesis and Application of Ratiometric and "Turn-On" Fluorescent pH Sensors: An Advanced Organic Undergraduate Laboratory

    Hutt, Johnathon T.; Aron, Zachary D.

    2014-01-01

    An upper-division organic chemistry laboratory experiment exploring fluorescent sensing over two laboratory periods and part of a third is described. Two functionally distinct pH-responsive sensors are prepared through a dehydrative three-component coupling reaction. During the abbreviated (<1 h) first laboratory period, students set up…

  2. Russian-English Glossary of International Maritime Law Terms (and Selected Terms in Related Disciplines.)

    Naval Intelligence Support Center, Washington, DC.

    This glossary contains over 750 terms encountered in international maritime law texts. It includes terms of the art, fairly common abbreviations, geographic names, and prepositional phrases routinely encountered in international treaties, conventions, and agreements. The prepositional phrases are recorded exactly as they appear in formal texts.…

  3. 78 FR 63208 - UPDATE-Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force)

    2013-10-23

    ... Services Task Force (Task Force) AGENCY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of... Force (Task Force). The in-person Task Force meeting is being replaced by an abbreviated conference call... necessary scientific and logistical support for the meeting. The Task Force is an independent,......

  4. Lecturer Perspectives on Dyslexia and Dyslexic Students within One Faculty at One University in England

    Cameron, Harriet; Nunkoosing, Karl

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore lecturers' experiences with and perspectives on dyslexia and dyslexic students to inform the wider debate about the issues of dyslexia support in higher education. Data were collected and analysed using an abbreviated constructivist grounded theory method. Participants were categorised as "positive", "neutral";…

  5. 75 FR 45209 - Federal Implementation Plans To Reduce Interstate Transport of Fine Particulate Matter and Ozone

    2010-08-02

    ....htm . Docket. All documents in the docket are listed in the http://www.regulations.gov index. Although... following are abbreviations of terms used in the preamble. ARP Acid Rain Program BART Best Available... Plan FR Federal Register EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency GHG Greenhouse Gas Hg Mercury...

  6. Strength and fatigue testing of large size wind turbines rotors. Vol. II: Full size natural vibration and static strength test, a reference case

    Arias, F.; Soria, E.

    1996-12-01

    This report shows the methods and procedures selected to define a strength test for large size wind turbine, anyway in particular it application on a 500 kW blade and it results obtained in the test carried out in july of 1995 in Asinel`s test plant (Madrid). Henceforth, this project is designed in an abbreviate form whit the acronym SFAT. (Author)

  7. Historicity in development

    Lyra, Maria C. D. P.; Valsiner, Jaan

    2011-01-01

    Human development entails the establishment, widening, and abbreviation of new behavioural and psychological phenomena. This leads to the central role of historicity in developmental science—a look at presently happening events in terms of their constructive borrowing from the past and anticipati...

  8. 77 FR 52741 - Compliance Policy Guide Sec. 420.300 Changes in Compendial Specifications and New Drug...

    2012-08-30

    ... Specifications and New Drug Application Supplements; Withdrawal of Guidance AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration... withdrawal of Compliance Policy Guide (CPG) Sec. 420.300 Changes in Compendial Specifications and New Drug...: Changes to an Approved NDA or Abbreviated New Drug Application, which is available on the Internet at...

  9. 76 FR 78530 - Applications for Food and Drug Administration Approval To Market a New Drug; Revision of...

    2011-12-19

    ... Administration Approval To Market a New Drug; Revision of Postmarketing Reporting Requirements-- Discontinuance... concern that, although the Orange Book lists all drug products with approved new drug applications (NDA) and abbreviated new drug applications (ANDA), it is not possible to determine whether the...

  10. 21 CFR 314.108 - New drug product exclusivity.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false New drug product exclusivity. 314.108 Section 314...) DRUGS FOR HUMAN USE APPLICATIONS FOR FDA APPROVAL TO MARKET A NEW DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.108 New drug product exclusivity. (a) Definitions. The following definitions...

  11. 21 CFR 320.31 - Applicability of requirements regarding an “Investigational New Drug Application.”

    2010-04-01

    ...Investigational New Drug Application.â 320.31 Section 320.31 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION... Applicability of requirements regarding an “Investigational New Drug Application.” (a) Any person planning to... drug product that is the subject of an approved new drug application or abbreviated new...

  12. 78 FR 38053 - Determination That OPANA ER (Oxymorphone Hydrochloride) Drug Products Covered by New Drug...

    2013-06-25

    ... Products Covered by New Drug Application 21-610 Were Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or... products approved under new drug application (NDA) 21-610 were not withdrawn from sale for reasons of... of abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) that refer to these drug products, and it will allow...

  13. 75 FR 71135 - Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.; Withdrawal of Approval of a New Drug Application

    2010-11-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.; Withdrawal of Approval of a New Drug... Administration (FDA) is withdrawing approval of a new drug application (NDA) for ACCUTANE (isotretinoin) Capsules... be marketed under approved abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs). The holders of ANDAs...

  14. Religious Affect among Adolescents in a Multi-Faith Society: The Role of Personality and Religious Identity

    Village, Andrew; Francis, Leslie J.; Brockett, Adrian

    2011-01-01

    A sample of 3783 11- to 16-year-old secondary school pupils completed the Astley-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Theistic Faith and the abbreviated form of the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised together with information on personal religious practice (prayer), public religious practice (attendance) and religious identity (secular,…

  15. Statutes of the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries

    2012-01-01

    <正>(Adopted at the Tenth National Council Meeting in May 2012) Chapter One General Principles Article 1 This Association is a national people’s organization of the People’s Republic of China, called the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries, abbreviated as CPAFFC.

  16. Introducing Teaching Cases with Face-to-Face and Computer-Mediated Discussion: Two Multi-Classroom Quasi-Experiments

    Bruning, Roger; Siwatu, Kamau O.; Liu, Xiongyi; PytlikZillig, Lisa M.; Horn, Christy; Sic, Stephanie; Carlson, Deborah

    2008-01-01

    Two studies were conducted in multisection introductory child and adolescent development classes to determine effects of introducing abbreviated teaching case studies that were then discussed either in face-to-face or online formats. Students receiving teaching case studies in either format in both classes showed improved ability to critically…

  17. Efficient model checking for duration calculus based on branching-time approximations

    Fränzle, Martin; Hansen, Michael Reichhardt

    2008-01-01

    Duration Calculus (abbreviated to DC) is an interval-based, metric-time temporal logic designed for reasoning about embedded real-time systems at a high level of abstraction. But the complexity of model checking any decidable fragment featuring both negation and chop, DC's only modality, is non...

  18. Optimization of the Army’s Fast Neutron Moderator for Radiography

    2013-02-26

    TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS 13 PNL Generator / Moderator Design 13 CONCLUSIONS 15 REFERENCES 16 LIST OF SYMBOLS, ABBREVIATIONS...and x-ray image 12 Figure 6: Second half comparison of neutron, processed, and x-ray image 13 Figure 7: The initial setup of the PNL neutron...reactor facility; for example, muntions and weapon systems that contain energetic materials. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENTS: PNL Generator / Moderator

  19. 77 FR 16842 - Draft and Revised Draft Guidances for Industry Describing Product-Specific Bioequivalence...

    2012-03-22

    ... provide product-specific guidance on the design of BE studies to support abbreviated new drug applications...; Norethindrone, F Fenofibrate, Fludarabine, Fulvestrant, G Glyburide (multiple RLDs), Granisetron, I Ivermectin...-specific design of BE studies to support ANDAs. They do not create or confer any rights for or on...

  20. Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry.

    Chadwick, Sharon S.

    1988-01-01

    This review compares "Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry" with the "Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology," two prominent encyclopedias of chemical technology and industry. Cost, quantity of information, organization, illustrations, authorship, abbreviations, online availability, and content of articles are discussed. (MES)

  1. Student Satisfaction with Blended and Online Courses Based on Personality Type

    Bolliger, Doris U.; Erichsen, Elizabeth Anne

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate differences in perceived student satisfaction in blended and online learning environments based on personality type. A total of 72 graduate students enrolled in blended and online courses at two research universities in the United States completed an abbreviated online version of the Myers-Briggs Type…

  2. 76 FR 59144 - Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp. et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 27 New Drug Applications and 58...

    2011-09-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp. et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 27 New Drug Applications and 58 Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Correction AGENCY: Food...

  3. 78 FR 42595 - Marine Vapor Control Systems

    2013-07-16

    ... Engineering Standards, U.S. Coast Guard; telephone 202-372-1418, email Jodi.J.Min@uscg.mil . If you have.... Abbreviations II. Regulatory History, Basis, and Purpose III. Background IV. Discussion of Comments and Changes... Reform Act G. Taking of Private Property H. Civil Justice Reform I. Protection of Children J....

  4. Innovative In-Situ Remediation of Contaminated Sediments for Simultaneous Control of Contamination and Erosion. Part 2

    2011-10-01

    nomographs for phillipsite zeolite. ......................................................... 49  Figure 20. Percent survival of Hyalella azteca in static...abbreviations indicate percentage of playground sand. ........... 51  Figure 21. Percent survival of Hyalella azteca in static 10 day toxicity tests...percentage. .................................................................... 53  SRNL-STI-2010-00516 6 Figure 22. Percent survival of Hyalella azteca

  5. 78 FR 19031 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    2013-03-28

    ... multiple times if the Price Bands move such that the price of resting limit-priced interest to buy (sell... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... in an abbreviated time period, i.e., the ``flash crash,'' the equities exchanges and FINRA...

  6. A Brief Analysis on Citation Forms of English Journal Titles in References of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine Journals

    Ren; Peng; Bai; Yongping; Guo; Yunyan; Cheng; Jinhua; Li; Shuchao

    2014-01-01

    In this paper,the problems of citation forms of English journal titles in references of animal science and veterinary medicine journals were described and analyzed. And the English names of animal science and veterinary medicine journals and corresponding abbreviations were listed for reference by authors.

  7. Interactive Architecture #1

    Oosterhuis, K.; Xia, X.

    2007-01-01

    The iA bookzine series will consist of twelve issues, bi-annually published over a period of six years under the supervision of Prof. ir. Kas Oosterhuis, director of the Hperbody at the Delft University of Technology. Interactive Architecture - from here on abbreviated as iA - is NOT simply archite

  8. Artes Illiberales? The Four Myths of Liberal Education

    O'Sullivan, Maurice

    2009-01-01

    The phrase "liberal education" has begun obliterating more precise and meaningful terms. At first the author assumed that in using it, those public intellectuals who regularly gather to redefine higher education or set benchmarks for it had merely found an abbreviated way of describing a liberal-arts education. After Jeffrey Nesteruk took the…

  9. Vector-Based Ground Surface and Object Representation Using Cameras

    2009-12-01

    abbreviation of Conditional Density Propagation [ Isard 1998]. The Particle filter is a model estimation technique using probability distribution...Proceedings of the, 1992, pp. 213-218. M. Isard and A. Blake, "CONDENSATION—Conditional Density Propagation for Visual Tracking," International Journal

  10. Self-Esteem and Attitudes toward Love in Abused and Non-Abused Women.

    Chambliss, Catherine; And Others

    This study sought to identify personality differences in abused versus non-abused women. Abused women (N=25) were from several centers for abused women and non-abused women (N=39) were students in evening psychology classes. All subjects completed Rubin's Love Scale, the abbreviated Dominance and Romanticism Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale,…

  11. Selective Neurocognitive Impairments in Adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder

    Han, Georges; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie; Jepsen, Susie; Ballard, Kristin; Nelson, Megan; Houri, Alaa; Kumra, Sanjiv; Cullen, Kathryn

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated whether major depression in adolescence is characterized by neurocognitive deficits in attention, affective decision making, and cognitive control of emotion processing. Neuropsychological tests including the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, the Continuous Performance Test-Identical Pairs, the Attention Network…

  12. 77 FR 34935 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Notice of Court Decision...

    2012-06-12

    ... Trang Aquatic Products and General Import Export Company; and UTXI Aquatic Products Processing Company... specific basis to conduct an abbreviated comparative exercise using this Q&V data and the mandatory... Vietnam Shrimp AR3 Final.\\13\\ Consequently, based on the exercise similarly conducted in Amanda II...

  13. What’s My Lane? Identifying the State Government Role in Critical Infrastructure Protection

    2012-03-01

    LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ASIS American Society for Industrial Security BZPP Buffer Zone Protection Program C/ACAMS Constellation...groups like the American Society for Industrial Security ( ASIS ) to enhance their understanding of critical infrastructure protection, industrial...University Press, 2006. Bryson, John M. Strategic Planning for Public and Nonprofit Organizations. San Francisco : Jossey-Bass, 2004. “Commonwealth

  14. The Effect of Modifying Spelling Rules on the Orthography Education

    Koc, Rasit

    2014-01-01

    The current study examined four different orthography guides prepared by Turkish Language Society between 1996 and 2012. These orthography guides included different spellings in words with capital letters, compound words, abbreviations, and some other words. The spelling differences defined were analyzed in groups. Different spelling preferences…

  15. Impacts of an ethanol-blended fuel release on groundwater and fate of produced methane: Simulation of field observations

    In a field experiment at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) designed to mimic the impact of a small-volume release of E10, two plumes were created by injecting extracted groundwater spiked with benzene, toluene, and o-xylene, abbreviated BToX (No-Ethanol Lane) and BToX plus ethanol...

  16. 36 CFR 1193.3 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ..., but are not limited to, voice, fax, relay service, TTY, Internet posting, captioning, text-to-speech.... Alternate formats may include, but are not limited to, Braille, ASCII text, large print, and audio cassette.... TTY. An abbreviation for teletypewriter. Machinery or equipment that employs interactive text...

  17. Proceedings: Community Leader's Litter Control Workshop (Painesville, Ohio, December 2, 1981). Bulletin 694.

    Rohrer, John D., Ed.; Heimlich, Joe E., Ed.

    Proceedings from a workshop for community leaders on litter control held in Painesville, Ohio on December 2, 1981 are presented. Complete and abbreviated texts of the different sessions provide an overview of litter control information, issues, and programs in Ohio. Topics covered include results from a statewide study of the amount and content of…

  18. FRL–FRH phase transition behavior in the stacked Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3 perovskite ceramics

    Duan, Ning; Sun, Dazi; Dong, Xianlin; Lin, Shenwei; Wang, Yongling

    1999-01-01

    Zirconium rich Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3 (PZT in abbreviation) reveals a pronounced nonlinear pyroelectric effect at the temperature induced FRL–FRH phase transition. This characteristic makes it a competitive candidate for the applications of the direct thermal-electric energy conversion and infrared detectin

  19. An Analysis of Successful Pronunciation Learners: In Search of Effective Factors in Pronunciation Teaching

    Tominaga, Yuko

    2009-01-01

    In order to discover some clues to and make suggestions for better teaching English pronunciation to learners in English as a Foreign Language (henceforth abbreviated as EFL) settings, the paper attempts to analyze Successful Foreign Language Learners (SFLL), focusing on their study history. The subjects were 24 junior high school students, who…

  20. 78 FR 7348 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Exchange Functions: Eligibility for Exemptions...

    2013-02-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES 45 CFR Parts 155 and 156 RIN 0938-AR68 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act... title I of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, as amended by the Health Care and... Abbreviations Affordable Care Act--the Affordable Care Act of 2010 (which is the collective term for the...

  1. Data communications pocket book

    Tooley, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Data Communications Pocket Book, Second Edition presents information relevant to data communication. The book provides tabulated reference materials with a brief description and diagrams. The coverage of the text includes abbreviations, terminal control codes, and conversion tables. The text will be of great use to individuals involved in the interconnection of computer systems.

  2. Engaging with a History of Counselling, Spirituality and Faith in Scotland: A Readers' Theatre Script

    Willis, Alette; Bondi, Liz; Burgess, MaryCatherine; Miller, Gavin; Fergusson, David

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an abbreviated version of a verbatim script developed from oral history interviews with individuals key to the development of counselling and psychotherapy in Scotland from 1960 to 2000. Earlier versions were used in workshops with counsellors and pastoral care practitioners to share counter-narratives of counselling and to…

  3. 77 FR 31019 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    2012-05-24

    ... licensure before marketing a biosimilar product. An application submitted under this section shall include... the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act of 2009 (BPCI Act) which amends the Public Health Service Act (PHS Act) and establishes an abbreviated licensure pathway for biological products shown to...

  4. 40 CFR 205.2 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... Institute, Inc., 1430 Broadway, New York, New York 10018. (8) Sound Pressure Level means in decibels, 20... understood to be that of a root-mean-square pressure. The unit of any sound level is the decibel, having the unit symbol dB. (9) dB(A) means the standard abbreviation for A-weighted sound levels in decibels....

  5. Francisella tularensis Molecular Typing Using Differential Insertion Sequence Amplification

    2011-08-01

    were homogenized in cold phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) within containment by using a Mini Beadbeater-8 instrument (Bio Spec Products, Inc...from the University of Nehrao;ka Medical Center stock collection. ’ 1 Previously known at Bacillus sul>tilis var. niger . • Abbreviations: LVS. live

  6. The development of a short form of the EMBU : Its appraisal with students in Greece, Guatemala, Hungary and Italy

    Arrindell, WA; Sanavio, E; Aguilar, G; Sica, C; Hatzichristou, C; Eisemann, M; Recinos, LA; Gaszner, P; Peter, M; Batagliese, G; Kallai, J; van der Ende, J

    1999-01-01

    Out of the necessity of having an abbreviated form of the EMBU, a measure of perceived parental rearing behavior, a short form (s-EMBU) consisting of three scales (Rejection, Emotional Warmth and Protection) with respectively 7, 6 and 9 items (plus 1 unsealed item) was developed from the original 81

  7. Reading Right: A Text for Reading, Volume 3. English for Special Purposes Series: Nursing Aide.

    Hubbard, Katherine E.

    This is the third of four volumes devoted to reading instruction, in a series of materials for teaching English as a second language to adult nursing aide students. The three units included deal with fundamentals in nursing: asepsis, measurement and abbreviation, and emergencies. Each unit consists of readings interspersed with Cloze passages,…

  8. Units of Instruction. Health Occupations Education. Volume I. [Teacher's Guide].

    East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

    Ten units on health occupations are presented in this teacher's guide. The units are the following: recording vital signs; job application and interview; grooming and personal hygiene; health careers; medical careers; medical ethics; medical terminology and abbreviations; medical asepsis; basic patient care (e.g., measuring and recording fluid…

  9. Synthesis of Fischer indole derivatives using carboxyl-functionalized ionic liquid as an efficient and recyclable catalyst

    Feng Ping Yi; Hai Yang Sun; Xian Hua Pan; Yuan Xu; Ji Zong Li

    2009-01-01

    Fischer indole cyclization of phenylhydrazine and various ketones using carboxyl-functionalized ionic liquid, 1-carboxymethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (abbreviated as [cmmim][BF4]) as catalyst was successfully performed. The yields of thetarget compounds were 80-92%, the purities were 96-98%. The catalyst could be rocovered and reused for at least six times without significant loss in activity.

  10. Experiment list: DRX014579 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available um of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ont...ot number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || l

  11. Experiment list: DRX014572 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  12. Experiment list: DRX014598 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available lls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_20000

  13. Experiment list: DRX021453 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ology=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/...om CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_1300...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell ont

  14. Experiment list: DRX014582 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available m of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell onto...t number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...logy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lo

  15. Experiment list: DRX014571 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ype=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://pu...se of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=11

  16. Experiment list: DRX014581 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available m of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell onto...t number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...logy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lo

  17. Experiment list: DRX014621 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  18. Experiment list: DRX014711 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available dothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK016 || cell type abbreviation=HUAEC || cell ontology=endothelial c...ell of umbilical artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_0010002 || lot number=03290 |

  19. Experiment list: DRX014602 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  20. Experiment list: DRX014578 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available um of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ont...ot number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || l

  1. Experiment list: DRX014585 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ontol... number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ogy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lot

  2. Experiment list: DRX014638 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  3. Experiment list: DRX014641 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  4. Experiment list: DRX021452 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ology=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/...om CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_1300...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell ont

  5. Experiment list: DRX014640 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  6. Experiment list: DRX014577 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ontol... number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ogy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lot

  7. Experiment list: DRX014597 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  8. Experiment list: DRX014625 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  9. Experiment list: DRX014600 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  10. Experiment list: DRX014575 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ype=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://pu...se of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=11

  11. Experiment list: DRX021454 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available logy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C...m CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_13001...issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell onto

  12. Experiment list: DRX014644 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  13. Experiment list: DRX014610 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  14. Experiment list: DRX014609 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  15. Experiment list: DRX014639 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  16. Experiment list: DRX014599 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  17. Experiment list: DRX014568 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  18. Experiment list: DRX014567 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ype=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://pu...se of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=11

  19. Experiment list: DRX014601 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  20. Experiment list: DRX014636 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  1. Experiment list: DRX014605 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  2. Experiment list: DRX014637 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available lls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_20000

  3. Experiment list: DRX014619 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  4. Experiment list: DRX014617 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  5. Experiment list: DRX014570 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  6. Experiment list: DRX014608 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ef=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  7. Experiment list: DRX014622 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  8. Experiment list: DRX014612 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  9. Experiment list: DRX014618 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology... number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibra

  10. Experiment list: DRX014569 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  11. Experiment list: DRX014580 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ontol... number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ogy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lot

  12. Experiment list: DRX014595 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ology=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibra...Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || tot...ple_type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK004 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ont

  13. Experiment list: DRX014620 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  14. Naval Sea Systems Command Occupational Safety and Health Record Keeping System. Hazardous Materials Control Module. Program Maintenance Manual

    1987-06-01

    terms and abbreviations are used in this manual: • CAS ( Chemical Abstract Service) Number: A unique identification number given to chemical substances...by the Chemical Abstract Service. * Code 106: The Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Office at the shipyard. " Document Number: The number used by

  15. AWK: Codes in Grading Essays: Making Essays More "Objective."

    Borja, Francisco; Spader, Peter H.

    1985-01-01

    Essays and essay tests need to be a central feature of every class. Informing students about what is inadequate in their essays and counseling them on how to improve seem to be impossible, time-consuming tasks. The use of codes or abbreviations is described. (MLW)

  16. Postoperative pulmonary artery hypertension | EU Clinical Trials Register [EU Clinical Trials Register

    Full Text Available n el postoperatorio de cirugia cardiaca en niños. A.3.2Name or abbreviated title of the trial where availabl...non-technical, language sildenafil in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery in children. sildenafilo e

  17. A comparative study of patients and therapists' reports of schema modes

    Lobbestael, J.; Arntz, A.R.; Lobbes, A.; Cima, M.

    2009-01-01

    The current study assesses whether patients and therapists report similar levels of schema modes, one of the central features in Schema-Focused Therapy. Patient's self-report and therapists' report on an abbreviated Schema Mode Inventory were compared in a sample of 92 patients with antisocial, bord

  18. Analyzing the 'nature' and 'specific effectiveness' of clinical empathy: a theoretical overview and contribution towards a theory-based research agenda.

    Neumann, M.; Bensing, J.; Mercer, S.; Ernstmann, N.; Ommen, O.; Pfaff, H.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To establish sound empirical evidence that clinical empathy (abbreviated as CE) is a core element in the clinician-patient relationship with profound therapeutic potential, a substantial theoretical-based understanding of CE in medical care and medical education is still required. The two

  19. In Situ Corrosion and Heat Loss Assessment of Two Nonstandard Underground Heat Distribution System Piping Designs: Supplement-Appendices for Final Report on Project F07-AR01

    2011-06-01

    temperature, photos, outer jacket condition, notes on any wear or abrasion or other damage, properties and character of backfill soil immediately in...CIS Abbreviation Key Asp = Asphalt CIS = Close Interval Survey Con = Concrete LT = Left Turn MH = Manhole (Fort Carson nomenclature) N = North

  20. 77 FR 8884 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Quality Considerations in Demonstrating Biosimilarity to a...

    2012-02-15

    ... reference product for the purpose of submitting a marketing application through an abbreviated licensure... protein product and a reference product for the purpose of submitting a marketing application through the... requirements for submission of a marketing application, applicants should consult current regulations,...

  1. A Feasibility Study of Implementing a Bring-Your-Own-Computing-Device Policy

    2013-12-01

    14. SUBJECT TERMS: Bring-your-own device ( BYOD ), hardware and software procurement plans, cost analysis, cloud...Full BYOC/ BYOD Policy for the GSBPP ....44 viii c. COA 3—Partial Secession of the Smart Classroom Construct...ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AE academic edition BYOC bring your own computer BYOD bring your own device CA cost analysis CAL client access license

  2. Key to steel. 16. rev. and enlarged ed. Stahlschluessel

    Wegst, C.W.

    1992-01-01

    The DIN substance reference numbers and abbreviations have been related to the trademarks of the steelworks and steel supplies. DIN specifications are compared with foreign specifications for different types of steel (e.g. structural steel, tool steel, noble steel, high-temperature steel). (MM).

  3. Macroporous poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) resins-Versatile immobilization supports for biocatalysts

    Miletic, Nemanja; Vukovic, Zorica; Nastasovic, Aleksandra; Loos, Katja; Miletić, Nemanja; Vuković, Zorica; Nastasović, Aleksandra

    2009-01-01

    Crosslinked macroporous hydrophilic poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate)s [abbreviated poly(GMA-co-EGDMA)] with identical chemical structure (60% of glycidyl methacrylate) but with varied average pore sizes (from 30 to 560 nm), specific surface areas (from 13.2 to 106.0 m(2)

  4. 75 FR 81365 - Call for Information: Information on Inputs to Emission Equations Under the Mandatory Reporting...

    2010-12-27

    ... abbreviations are used in this document. CAA Clean Air Act CBI confidential business information CEMS continuous... monitoring systems (CEMS). Several reporters wrote that they would have installed CEMS or otherwise changed... emissions with CEMS as an alternative to calculation with emission equations but that, by the time...

  5. Analysis of United States’ Broadband Policy

    2007-03-01

    137 xv LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 1. ARCEP Autorite de Regulation des Communications Electroniques et des Postes 2...growth. The ability to share large amounts of information at ever-greater speeds can increase productivity, facilitate commerce , and drive innovation.7...geographically distant from traditional centers of commerce . These are the people who could be doing valuable, productive, high-skilled work, or bringing new

  6. Specification requirements summary for the Brayton Isotope Power System (BIPS) Ground Demonstration System (GDS)

    Thompson, E.E.

    1976-02-10

    This document provides a summary of the required program specifications and procedures for the ERDA Phase I Brayton Isotope Power System (BIPS) Program. Also included are document definitions, descriptions, and formats, and a listing of commonly used abbreviations. This document is intended to be used as a guide in document preparation and control.

  7. 19 CFR 12.18 - Labels.

    2010-04-01

    ... assigned by the Department of Agriculture in the following form: “U.S. Veterinary Permit No. ____,” or an abbreviation thereof authorized by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services. Each... product with the records of preparation thereof, together with a return date....

  8. 77 FR 45629 - Animal Generic Drug User Fee Rates and Payment Procedures for Fiscal Year 2013

    2012-08-01

    ... FDA's Center for Veterinary Medicine. FDA records the official abbreviated application receipt date as...AGDUFA/default.htm or contact Lisa Kable, Center for Veterinary Medicine (HFV- 10), Food and Drug... the Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) at: cvmagdufa@fda.hhs.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:...

  9. 78 FR 60288 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Guidance for...

    2013-10-01

    ... Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262), the abbreviated pathway for the approval of biosimilar biological products. Accordingly, we are now including submissions pertaining to biosimilar biological product... biosimilar biological product application. Although the submission of a certification for citizen...

  10. 77 FR 14809 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Biosimilars User...

    2012-03-13

    ... statutes to create an abbreviated approval pathway for biological products shown to be biosimilar to or... BPCI Act, allows a company to submit an application for licensure of a biosimilar or interchangeable... recommendations for a biosimilar biological product user fee program for fiscal years 2013 through 2017....

  11. 77 FR 36279 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    2012-06-18

    ... create an abbreviated approval pathway for biological products shown to be biosimilar to or... BPCI Act, allows a company to submit an application for licensure of a biosimilar or interchangeable... develop recommendations for a biosimilar biological product user fee program for FYs 2013 through...

  12. Vygotsky's "Thought and Word"

    Barrs, Myra

    2016-01-01

    The last chapter of Vygotsky's last book, "Thinking and Speech," is a compressed argument about the construction of consciousness through the internalisation of language. This article comments on Vygotsky's analysis of the "voyage into the interior" undertaken by oral speech as it is internalised and abbreviated into…

  13. Teaching Time and Organizational Management Skills to First Year Health Science Students: Does Training Make a Difference?

    Adamson, Barbara; Covic, Tanya; Lincoln, Michelle

    2004-01-01

    The present study reports on new research conducted to determine whether teaching time and organizational skills using a training package can improve these skills. The Abbreviated Time Management Indicator (ATMI) developed by Roberts et al. was used to assess time and organizational management skills. This scale consists of six dimensions, namely…

  14. Using "Monopoly" to Introduce Concepts of Race and Ethnic Relations

    Waren, Warren

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I suggest a technique which uses the familiar Parker Brother's game "Monopoly" to introduce core concepts of race and ethnic relations. I offer anecdotes from my classes where an abbreviated version of the game is used as an analog to highlight the sociological concepts of direct institutional discrimination, the legacy of…

  15. Holocaust II?

    Wolfensberger, Wolf

    1984-01-01

    The author estimates that approximately 200,000 lives of devalued disabled people (including infants and older adults) are taken or abbreviated annually through euthanasia and termination of life-supporting measures. He cites possible reasons for limited public outcry against what he compares with the holocaust. (CL)

  16. 77 FR 43506 - DoD Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information (UCNI)

    2012-07-25

    ... abbreviated ``DOD UCNI'') at the bottom on: the outside of the front cover, if any; the outside of the back...(s) and associated electrical systems, barriers, and back-up power systems not observable from a... adversary to defeat a security measure, e.g., fire, safety, nuclear accident, radiological release, or...

  17. Source-Message-Receiver in Integrated Marketing Communication

    Broussard, Sharee LeBlanc

    2011-01-01

    This is an abbreviation of the author's dissertation. Because integrated marketing communication (IMC) research has traditionally been problematic, this study used an existing scale to determine that higher educational institutional advancement (alumni, marketing-communications, development) is an appropriate venue to study the process model of…

  18. Diastatic power

    diastatic power: Diastatic power, abbreviated DP, is the total activity of malt starch degrading enzymes that hydrolyze starch to fermentable sugars. The starch degrading enzymes contributing to this process are a-amylase, ß-amylase, limit dextrinase, and a-glucosidase. The driving force for DP a...

  19. 77 FR 41984 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    2012-07-17

    ... Office of Management and Budget Review; Comment Request; Form FDA 3728, Animal Generic Drug User Fee Act... review and clearance. Form FDA 3728, Animal Generic Drug User Fee Act Cover Sheet--21 U.S.C. 379j-21 (OMB... abbreviated applications for generic new animal drugs, (2) annual fees for certain generic new animal...

  20. On tne Existing Mode of Literature in the Context of Modern Media

    2007-01-01

    <正>Specialty:Theory of Literature This dissertation aims to illustrate the existing mode of literature(abbreviated as EML in this paper) as the basic theoretical issue of literature.It means to construct a kind of concrete being in the present social and cultural context instead of a true