WorldWideScience

Sample records for abbreviations

  1. Abbreviations

    OpenAIRE

    Brine, Kevin R.; Ciletti, Elena; Lähnemann, Henrike

    2013-01-01

    List of abbreviations of books of the Bible and versions of the Bible as used in this volume (according to The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed., 2003, sections 15.50–54). The Jewish Bible/Old Testament Am Amos 1 Chr 1 Chronicles 2 Chr 2 Chronicles Dn Daniel Dt Deuteronomy Eccl Ecclesiastes Est Esther Ex Exodus Ez Ezekiel Gn Genesis Hg Haggai Hos Hosea Is Isaiah Jer Jeremiah Jb Job Jl Joel Jon Jonah Jo Joshua Jgs Judges 1 Kgs 1 Kings 2 Kgs 2 Kings Lam Lamentations Lv Leviticus Mal Malachi Mi ...

  2. FDA Acronyms and Abbreviations

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The FDA Acronyms and Abbreviations database provides a quick reference to acronyms and abbreviations related to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) activities

  3. Global change: Acronyms and abbreviations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Woodard, C.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Stoss, F.W. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center

    1995-05-01

    This list of acronyms and abbreviations is compiled to provide the user with a ready reference to dicipher the linguistic initialisms and abridgements for the study of global change. The terms included in this first edition were selected from a wide variety of sources: technical reports, policy documents, global change program announcements, newsletters, and other periodicals. The disciplinary interests covered by this document include agriculture, atmospheric science, ecology, environmental science, oceanography, policy science, and other fields. In addition to its availability in hard copy, the list of acronyms and abbreviations is available in DOS-formatted diskettes and through CDIAC`s anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) area on the Internet.

  4. 40 CFR 86.094-3 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.094-3 Abbreviations. (a) The abbreviations in § 86... Petroleum Gas NMHC—Nonmethane Hydrocarbons NMHCE—Non-Methane Hydrocarbon Equivalent PM—Particulate...

  5. Classification and Translation of Chinese Abbreviations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭颖婷

    2014-01-01

    Chinese abbreviation, containing fewer words and delivering a wealth of information, is a vital component of Chinese language. But the tremendous differences between Chinese and English make it an arduous task to translate Chinese abbreviations into English. Based on the analyses of the structure and patterns of word-formation of Chinese abbreviations, it makes a classifi-cation of Chinese abbreviations, summarize the translation methods, and point out some attention points in translation. A system-atic analysis on the structure and classification of Chinese abbreviations will be beneficial to reduce the mistakes in its translation.

  6. Abbreviations

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    ACAME Association des centrales d’achat de médicaments essentiels (Association of central medical stores for essential generic drugs) AMPOT Association malienne pour la promotion des ophtalmologues traditionnels (Malian association for the promotion of traditional ophthalmologists) CT Cicatricial (scar) trachoma DALY Disability Adjusted Life-Years DDT Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane DMT Department of traditional medicine DOTS Directly Observed Therapy Short Course FT Follicular trachoma GIS G...

  7. Abbreviations

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    "AB" The official French logo for certified organic produce ("Agriculture Biologique") CF Conventional farming EF Ecological farming IFS Integrated farming systems LIF Low-input farming OF Organic farming OFgc Organic farming under group certification AFSAA Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments (French food safety agency) AMAP Association pour le Maintien d'une Agriculture Paysanne (Association for the maintenance of small-scale farming – there is a network of such associations ...

  8. Abbreviations used in scientific and technical reports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reports contain a large number of abbreviations which have not yet been included in the current specialized dictionaries or lists of abbreviations. It is therefore often time-consuming or even fruitless to search for such abbreviations. The present alphabetical list of more than 4,000 abbreviations gathered from the report inventory of the Central Library of the KFA Juelich in the period from 1982-1986, taking into consideration all the scientific and technical disciplines, is intended to remedy a deficiency and to offer assistance which will undoubtedly be welcomed by scientists and engineers. (orig./HP)

  9. Acronyms, initialisms, and abbreviations: Fourth Revision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tolman, B.J. [comp.

    1994-04-01

    This document lists acronyms used in technical writing. The immense list is supplemented by an appendix containing chemical elements, classified information access, common abbreviations used for functions, conversion factors for selected SI units, a flowcharting template, greek alphabet, metrix terminology, proofreader`s marks, signs and symbols, and state abbreviations.

  10. 40 CFR 600.403-77 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Dealer Availability of Fuel Economy Information § 600.403-77 Abbreviations....

  11. Generating abbreviations using Google Books library

    OpenAIRE

    Solovyev, Valery D.; Bochkarev, Vladimir V.

    2014-01-01

    The article describes the original method of creating a dictionary of abbreviations based on the Google Books Ngram Corpus. The dictionary of abbreviations is designed for Russian, yet as its methodology is universal it can be applied to any language. The dictionary can be used to define the function of the period during text segmentation in various applied systems of text processing. The article describes difficulties encountered in the process of its construction as well as the ways to over...

  12. Abbreviation definition identification based on automatic precision estimates

    OpenAIRE

    Kim Won; Comeau Donald C; Sohn Sunghwan; Wilbur W John

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background The rapid growth of biomedical literature presents challenges for automatic text processing, and one of the challenges is abbreviation identification. The presence of unrecognized abbreviations in text hinders indexing algorithms and adversely affects information retrieval and extraction. Automatic abbreviation definition identification can help resolve these issues. However, abbreviations and their definitions identified by an automatic process are of uncertain validity. ...

  13. 40 CFR 86.203-94 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Abbreviations. 86.203-94 Section 86.203-94 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Later Model Year Gasoline-Fueled New Light-Duty Vehicles, New Light-Duty Trucks and New...

  14. 40 CFR 600.203-77 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....203-77 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Procedures for Calculating Fuel Economy Values § 600.203-77 Abbreviations....

  15. The stylistic coloring of abbreviation in Business English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李美玲

    2011-01-01

    It is obvious to apply different vocabulary in various styles. As application of vocabulary becomes more, the distinct stylistic coloring is forming gradually. In this paper, it studies the definitions, structures, features ,of abbreviation in Business English. After that, it summarizes the stylistic coloring of abbreviation in Business English, and proves the necessity and importance to study abbreviation in Business English.

  16. Abbreviated guide pneumatic conveying design guide

    CERN Document Server

    Mills, David

    1990-01-01

    Abbreviated Guide: Pneumatic Conveying Design Guide describes the selection, design, and specification of conventional pneumatic conveying systems. The design procedure uses previous test data on the materials to be conveyed. The book also discusses system economics, operating costs, the choice of appropriate components or systems, system control, and system flexibility. The design system involves the type of conveying system for installation, the pipeline parameters, and also the plant components. System selection covers the properties of the material to be conveyed, plant layout, material pr

  17. The use of abbreviations in surgical note keeping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Collard

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abbreviations are used to improve the speed of note keeping and to simplify patient notes. However studies have shown that they can reduce clarity, increase mistakes and cause confusion in management plans. Our review highlights the misuse of abbreviations in surgical note keeping.

  18. Sequenced Contractions and Abbreviations for Model 2 Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronnell, Bruce

    The nature and use of contractions and abbreviations in beginning reading is discussed and applied to the Southwest Regional Laboratory (SWRL) Mod 2 Reading Program, a four-year program (K-3) for teaching reading skills to primary-grade children. The contractions and abbreviations are listed and sequenced for the reading program. The results of…

  19. 32 CFR 516.3 - Explanation of abbreviations and terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Explanation of abbreviations and terms. 516.3 Section 516.3 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION General § 516.3 Explanation of abbreviations and terms. (a)...

  20. Test Review: Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Second Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irby, Sarah M.; Floyd, Randy G.

    2013-01-01

    The Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Second Edition (WASI-II; Wechsler, 2011) is a brief intelligence test designed for individuals aged 6 through 90 years. It is a revision of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI; Wechsler, 1999). During revision, there were three goals: enhancing the link between the Wechsler…

  1. THE ISSUES OF LATIN ABBREVIATIONS IN THE DIPLOMATICES DOCUMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Иван Балта

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The issues of Latin abbreviations in the diplomatic documents are a very complex problem in the diplomatic word processing and deciphering the historiography documents. Abbreviations originated from Latin letters caused a favorable advantage for the scribe, but created difficulties for the reader, since they were complicated and questionable at the time. The Romans called the Latin abbreviations notae-or-sigla, using them just to save space and materials on which the letters were written. Increased use of abbreviations in medieval manuscripts emphasized a need for a manual in both the Code and Charter, specifying the form of abbreviations and centuries which they belonged to. Steffens divided the abbreviations of the Roman epoch according to the chronological development into the five ways of shortening: suspension, notes Tironianae, contraction, notes iuris, and signs for numbers, which were retained and added new shortcuts in the Middle Ages, especially in the territory of today's Pannonia and the Eastern Adriatic coast. Punctuation, which was alike the abbreviations, had a long process of development, which began as an antique-scriptura continua, trying to clarify the meaning of putting points in various positions between the individual words. Abbreviations differed not only by the type of Latin letters, but also by the territory in which they evolved, at different time periods. Abbreviations of Latin letters from the Beneventan East Adriatic coast were specific, were formed gradually, could be used as a criterion for dating, and were carried out with more ways of shortening the letters. Schiaparelli probably entered the deepest essence of the development of Latin minuscule in which he noted that the Frankish influences were much stronger in the first period of the development of the Beneventan East Adriatic coast. However, perhaps no other medieval script was developed better than a system of abbreviations in the Gothic style, especially in

  2. 27 CFR 19.726 - Authorized abbreviations to identify spirits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... records: Kinds of spirits Abbreviations Alcohol A Brandy BR Bourbon Whisky BW Canadian Whisky CNW Completely Denatured Alcohol CDA Corn Whisky CW Grain Spirits GS Irish Whisky IW Light Whisky LW Malt Whisky MW Neutral Spirits NS Neutral Spirits Grain NSG Rye Whisky RW Scotch Whisky SW Specially...

  3. 40 CFR 205.155 - Motorcycle class and manufacturer abbreviation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Motorcycle class and manufacturer...) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.155 Motorcycle class and manufacturer abbreviation. (a) Motorcycles must be grouped into classes determined...

  4. Interactive Hangman Teaches Amino Acid Structures and Abbreviations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennington, Britney O.; Sears, Duane; Clegg, Dennis O.

    2014-01-01

    We developed an interactive exercise to teach students how to draw the structures of the 20 standard amino acids and to identify the one-letter abbreviations by modifying the familiar game of "Hangman." Amino acid structures were used to represent single letters throughout the game. To provide additional practice in identifying…

  5. Is It Necessary To Create Abbreviations of Signed Languages?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, Yerker

    2001-01-01

    Suggests considering the following before creating abbreviations of sign languages: the recognition of signed languages as official languages; the standardization of signed languages; the existence of different signed languages using the same spoken language as a substitute language; whether attention should be given to countries whose names share…

  6. 40 CFR 86.1804-01 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 19 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Acronyms and abbreviations. 86.1804-01 Section 86.1804-01 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles. hp—Horsepower. HPLC—High-pressure liquid chromatography....

  7. Abbreviated Pandemic Influenza Planning Template for Primary Care Offices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HCTT CHE

    2010-01-01

    The Abbreviated Pandemic Influenza Plan Template for Primary Care Provider Offices is intended to assist primary care providers and office managers with preparing their offices for quickly putting a plan in place to handle an increase in patient calls and visits, whether during the 2009-2010 influenza season or future influenza seasons.

  8. Predicting Chinese Abbreviations from Definitions: An Empirical Learning Approach Using Support Vector Regression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Sun; Hou-Feng Wang; Bo Wang

    2008-01-01

    In Chinese, phrases and named entities play a central role in information retrieval. Abbreviations, however,make keyword-based approaches less effective. This paper presents an empirical learning approach to Chinese abbreviation prediction. In this study, each abbreviation is taken as a reduced form of the corresponding definition (expanded form),and the abbreviation prediction is formalized as a scoring and ranking problem among abbreviation candidates, which are automatically generated from the corresponding definition. By employing Support Vector Regression (SVR) for scoring,we can obtain multiple abbreviation candidates together with their SVR values, which are used for candidate ranking.Experimental results show that the SVR method performs better than the popular heuristic rule of abbreviation prediction.In addition, in abbreviation prediction, the SVR method outperforms the hidden Markov model (HMM).

  9. New bilingual version of the VGB abbreviation catalogue for power plant technology released

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hantschel, Jochen; Seiffert, Joerg [E.ON New Build and Technology GmbH, Gelsenkirchen (Germany); Froehner, Joerg [ct.e Controltechnology Engineering GmbH, Herne (Germany)

    2013-04-01

    The objective of the VGB Standard for power plant technology VGB-S-891-00 (abbreviation catalogue) is to regulate the systematic creation of abbreviations. The determination of abbreviations for terms related to power plants provides a common basis for planners, erectors, and operators of power plants and their systems. In combination with VGB-B 108 ''Rules for the creation of denominations and their application for power plant engineering'' the abbreviation catalogue is the basis for the creation of denominations.

  10. 21 CFR 314.92 - Drug products for which abbreviated applications may be submitted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... offered for sale by its manufacturer, a person who wishes to submit an abbreviated new drug application... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Drug products for which abbreviated applications may be submitted. 314.92 Section 314.92 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...

  11. 77 FR 58999 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Abbreviated New Drug... Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the... abbreviated new ] drug application (ANDA) review process more efficient. DATES: Although you can comment...

  12. 49 CFR 1500.3 - Terms and abbreviations used in this chapter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Terms and abbreviations used in this chapter. 1500.3 Section 1500.3 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROCEDURAL RULES APPLICABILITY, TERMS, AND ABBREVIATIONS §...

  13. Automatic Word Sense Disambiguation of Acronyms and Abbreviations in Clinical Texts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Sungrim

    2012-01-01

    The use of acronyms and abbreviations is increasing profoundly in the clinical domain in large part due to the greater adoption of electronic health record (EHR) systems and increased electronic documentation within healthcare. A single acronym or abbreviation may have multiple different meanings or senses. Comprehending the proper meaning of an…

  14. 21 CFR 314.100 - Timeframes for reviewing applications and abbreviated applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Timeframes for reviewing applications and abbreviated applications. 314.100 Section 314.100 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.100 Timeframes for...

  15. Compression and the origins of Zipf's law of abbreviation

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrer-i-Cancho, R; Seguin, C

    2015-01-01

    Languages across the world exhibit Zipf's law of abbreviation, namely more frequent words tend to be shorter. The generalized version of the law, namely an inverse relationship between the frequency of a unit and its magnitude, holds also for the behaviors of other species and the genetic code. The apparent universality of this pattern in human language and its ubiquity in other domains calls for a theoretical understanding of its origins. We generalize the information theoretic concept of mean code length as a mean energetic cost function over the probability and the magnitude of the symbols of the alphabet. We show that the minimization of that cost function and a negative correlation between probability and the magnitude of symbols are intimately related.

  16. Dictionary of International Abbreviations - Environment and Natural Sciences

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The dictionary comprises about 3000 acronyms and abbreviations, with explanations in German and English. Subjects: Chemistry, medicine, geology, air, water, soil, waste, air pollution and noise abatement, chemicals and pollutants, agriculture and food, conservation and landscaping, energy, immission protection, radiation protection and nuclear safety, industry and biotechnology, environmental pollution, waste management and recycling. It is intended as a working and communication tool for a wide range of users in industry, administration, universities, scientists and students, journalists, translators and interested laymen. There is an appendix with supplementary information, i.e. mass, volume, SI units, chemical compounds and formulas, occupational pollutant exposure, food additives, environmental disasters, environmental laws, regulations and specifications, international programmes and organisations for environmental protection, and guidelines of environmental and international law. (orig.)

  17. Pharmacist and Physician Interpretation of Abbreviations for Acetaminophen Intended for Use in a Consumer Icon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saul Shiffman

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Concomitant use of multiple acetaminophen medications is associated with overdose. To help patients identify acetaminophen medications and thus avoid concomitant use, an icon with an abbreviation for “acetaminophen” has been proposed for all acetaminophen medications. This study assessed pharmacists’ and physicians’ use and interpretation of abbreviations for “acetaminophen”, to identify abbreviations with other meanings that might cause confusion. Physicians (n = 150 reported use and interpretation of candidate abbreviations Ac and Acm. Pharmacists (n = 150 interpretations of prescription orders using the candidate abbreviations APAP, Ac, Ace and Acm in typed, handwritten or spoken form, were judged for critical confusions likely to cause patient harm. Critical confusion was rare, except for omission by pharmacists of the acetaminophen dose for Hydrocodone/APAP prescriptions (10%. Ac was in common use to indicate “before meals”, and was interpreted as such, but some physicians (8% said they use Ac to indicate anticoagulant drugs. Most pharmacists (54% interpreted Ace as acetaminophen, and none interpreted it as referring to ACE-inhibitors. Acm was rarely used in prescriptions, had no common interfering meanings, and was often (63% interpreted as acetaminophen, especially when prescribed in combination with an opiate (85%. The data validated concerns about abbreviations in prescribing: all abbreviations resulted in some misinterpretations. However, Acm was rarely misinterpreted, was readily associated with “acetaminophen”, and seemed appropriate for use in a graphic icon to help consumers/patients identify acetaminophen medications.

  18. Adaptation of abbreviated mathematics anxiety rating scale for engineering students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordin, Sayed Kushairi Sayed; Samat, Khairul Fadzli; Sultan, Al Amin Mohamed; Halim, Bushra Abdul; Ismail, Siti Fatimah; Mafazi, Nurul Wirdah

    2015-05-01

    Mathematics is an essential and fundamental tool used by engineers to analyse and solve problems in their field. Due to this, most engineering education programs involve a concentration of study in mathematics courses whereby engineering students have to take mathematics courses such as numerical methods, differential equations and calculus in the first two years and continue to do so until the completion of the sequence. However, the students struggled and had difficulties in learning courses that require mathematical abilities. Hence, this study presents the factors that caused mathematics anxiety among engineering students using Abbreviated Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (AMARS) through 95 students of Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM). From 25 items in AMARS, principal component analysis (PCA) suggested that there are four mathematics anxiety factors, namely experiences of learning mathematics, cognitive skills, mathematics evaluation anxiety and students' perception on mathematics. Minitab 16 software was used to analyse the nonparametric statistics. Kruskal-Wallis Test indicated that there is a significant difference in the experience of learning mathematics and mathematics evaluation anxiety among races. The Chi-Square Test of Independence revealed that the experience of learning mathematics, cognitive skills and mathematics evaluation anxiety depend on the results of their SPM additional mathematics. Based on this study, it is recommended to address the anxiety problems among engineering students at the early stage of studying in the university. Thus, lecturers should play their part by ensuring a positive classroom environment which encourages students to study mathematics without fear.

  19. An abbreviated task-oriented assessment (Bay Area Functional Performance Evaluation).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, W C; Huselid, R

    1993-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore development of an abbreviated version of the Task-Oriented Assessment component of the Bay Area Functional Performance Evaluation (BaFPE). The BaFPE is widely used by occupational therapists practicing in mental health, but therapists have requested an instrument that could be administered and scored more quickly. Both a subjective and objective analysis support the development of an abbreviated version of the Task-Oriented Assessment. PMID:8470740

  20. Abbreviated protocol for breast MRI: Are multiple sequences needed for cancer detection?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mango, Victoria L., E-mail: vlm2125@columbia.edu [Columbia University Medical Center, Herbert Irving Pavilion, 161 Fort Washington Avenue, 10th Floor, New York, NY 10032 (United States); Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Morris, Elizabeth A., E-mail: morrise@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); David Dershaw, D., E-mail: dershawd@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Abramson, Andrea, E-mail: abramsoa@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Fry, Charles, E-mail: charles_fry@nymc.edu [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); New York Medical College, 40 Sunshine Cottage Rd, Valhalla, NY 10595 (United States); Moskowitz, Chaya S. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Hughes, Mary, E-mail: hughesm@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Kaplan, Jennifer, E-mail: kaplanj@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Jochelson, Maxine S., E-mail: jochelsm@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States)

    2015-01-15

    Highlights: • Abbreviated breast MR demonstrates high sensitivity for breast carcinoma detection. • Time to perform/interpret the abbreviated exam is shorter than a standard MRI exam. • An abbreviated breast MRI could reduce costs and make MRI screening more available. - Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the ability of an abbreviated breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol, consisting of a precontrast T1 weighted (T1W) image and single early post-contrast T1W image, to detect breast carcinoma. Materials and methods: A HIPAA compliant Institutional Review Board approved review of 100 consecutive breast MRI examinations in patients with biopsy proven unicentric breast carcinoma. 79% were invasive carcinomas and 21% were ductal carcinoma in situ. Four experienced breast radiologists, blinded to carcinoma location, history and prior examinations, assessed the abbreviated protocol evaluating only the first post-contrast T1W image, post-processed subtracted first post-contrast and subtraction maximum intensity projection images. Detection and localization of tumor were compared to the standard full diagnostic examination consisting of 13 pre-contrast, post-contrast and post-processed sequences. Results: All 100 cancers were visualized on initial reading of the abbreviated protocol by at least one reader. The mean sensitivity for each sequence was 96% for the first post-contrast sequence, 96% for the first post-contrast subtraction sequence and 93% for the subtraction MIP sequence. Within each sequence, there was no significant difference between the sensitivities among the 4 readers (p = 0.471, p = 0.656, p = 0.139). Mean interpretation time was 44 s (range 11–167 s). The abbreviated imaging protocol could be performed in approximately 10–15 min, compared to 30–40 min for the standard protocol. Conclusion: An abbreviated breast MRI protocol allows detection of breast carcinoma. One pre and post-contrast T1W sequence may be adequate for detecting

  1. Abbreviations [Annex to The Fukushima Daiichi Accident, Technical Volume 5/5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex is a list of abbreviations used in the publication The Fukushima Daiichi Accident, Technical Volume 5/5. The list includes the abbreviations for: • General Safety Requirements; • International Commission on Radiological Protection; • Intensive Contamination Survey Area; • International Experts Meeting; • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology; • Ministry of the Environment; • Nuclear Damage Compensation and Decommissioning Facilitation Corporation; • Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters; • nuclear power plant; • Nuclear Safety Commission; • OECD Nuclear Energy Agency; • Special Decontamination Area; • Specific Safety Requirements; • technical cooperation; • Three Mile Island; • United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

  2. Relationship between Acceptable Noise Level and the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freyaldenhoven, Melinda C.; Nabelek, Anna K.; Tampas, Joanna W.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between acceptable noise levels (ANLs) and the Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB; R. M. Cox & G. C. Alexander, 1995). This study further examined the APHAB's ability to predict hearing aid use. Method: ANL and APHAB data were collected for 191 listeners with impaired hearing,…

  3. 78 FR 37231 - Guidance for Industry; Guidance on Abbreviated New Drug Applications: Stability Testing of Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry; Guidance on Abbreviated New Drug... Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is announcing the...) review process more efficient. DATES: Submit either electronic or written comments on Agency guidances...

  4. Symbolic Capital in a Virtual Heterosexual Market: Abbreviation and Insertion in Italian iTV SMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herring, Susan C.; Zelenkauskaite, Asta

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes gender variation in nonstandard typography--specifically, abbreviations and insertions--in mobile phone text messages (SMS) posted to a public Italian interactive television (iTV) program. All broadcast SMS were collected for a period of 2 days from the Web archive for the iTV program, and the frequency and distribution of…

  5. Text-Message Abbreviations and Language Skills in High School and University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Jonge, Sarah; Kemp, Nenagh

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the use of text-message abbreviations (textisms) in Australian adolescents and young adults, and relations between textism use and literacy abilities. Fifty-two high school students aged 13-15 years, and 53 undergraduates aged 18-24 years, all users of predictive texting, translated conventional English sentences into…

  6. Psychometric Properties of the Abbreviated Perceived Motivational Climate in Exercise Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, E. Whitney G.; Brown, Theresa C.; Fry, Mary D.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an abbreviated version of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Exercise Questionnaire (PMCEQ-A) to provide a more practical instrument for use in applied exercise settings. In the calibration step, two shortened versions' measurement and latent model values were compared to each other and the original…

  7. Improving Discrete Trial Instruction by Paraprofessional Staff Through an Abbreviated Performance Feedback Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leblanc, Marie-Pierre; Ricciardi, Joseph N.; Luiselli, James K.

    2005-01-01

    We evaluated an abbreviated performance feedback intervention as a training strategy to improve discrete trial instruction of children with autism by three paraprofessional staff (assistant teachers) at a specialized day school. Feedback focused on 10 discrete trial instructional skills demonstrated by the staff during teaching sessions. Following…

  8. Abbreviated Title of the Artwork in the System of Signs by Ch. Peirce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grigoriy Valeryevich Tokarev

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the semiotic aspect of the functioning of the abbreviated title of the postmodern artwork. The authors analyze the relationship of title-sign to the object which it replaces. The title is considered from the perspective of three main features peculiar of the sign in accordance with the Charles S. Peirce's theory. This fact allows us to conclude that, being a sign, the abbreviated title replaces a literary text, which is also expressed in symbolic form of the author's knowledge of reality. In this aspect the title becomes the metasign of its text. It is shown that in this connection, decoding and interpretation process take place in two stages – before reading the text and in the process of its reading and interpretation. It is alleged that the result of the interpretation of the title depends on the reader's competence which is determined by their individual literary scope, as well as by the skills of productive work with the text. On the basis of the classification of signs created by Charles Pierce, it was found that the abbreviated title has a complex semiotic nature combining the features of indexicality, conventionality, and iconicity, the latter of which may be present only in the abbreviated title.

  9. The Abbreviated Character Strengths Test (ACST): A Preliminary Assessment of Test Validity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanhove, Adam J; Harms, P D; DeSimone, Justin A

    2016-01-01

    The 24-item Abbreviated Character Strengths Test (ACST) was developed to efficiently measure character strengths (Peterson, Park, & Castro, 2011 ). However, its validity for this purpose has not yet been sufficiently established. Using confirmatory factor analysis to test a series of structural models, only a modified bifactor model showed reasonably acceptable fit. Further analyses of this model failed to demonstrate measurement invariance between male and female respondents. Relationships between ACST dimension and Big Five personality trait scores were generally weak-to-moderate, and support for hypotheses regarding each ACST virtue's expected correspondence with specific Big Five dimensions was mixed. Finally, scores on ACST dimensions accounted for a combined 12% of the variance in satisfaction with life scores, after controlling for socially desirability. Although an abbreviated measure of character strengths represents a practical need, considerable improvements to the ACST are needed for it to adequately meet this purpose. PMID:26983465

  10. McArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory (CDI: Proposal of an abbreviate version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chamarrita Farkas Klein

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The McArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDI assesses language development en children, through a significant caregiver report. The first inventory assesses verbal and non verbal language in infants who are from 8 to 18 months old and it is composed of 949 items distributed in 6 scales. This study proposes an abbreviate form of this instrument, and was tested on families and educators of 130 Chilean children of 11-15 months old. Analyses related to the items, reliability and validity of the instrument and factorial analyses of subscales were realized. The abbreviate version consider 241 items distributed in 4 scales. The evaluation of the psychometric properties of the instrument was acceptable, demonstrating adequate reliability and validity.

  11. Abregrams or deleweds: A forty-year view of acronyms. [Abbreviations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bowden, D.D.

    1987-05-29

    New concepts often call for new words and abbreviated forms in the language. Not linguists, but persons who first envision, describe, and use new ideas are the ones who rearrange existing word combinations or create new terminology. Professional communicators do not prescribe usage, but can influence the selection of new words and especially acronyms. A practical knowledge of etymology, usage, and trends will help communicators make more discriminating choices.

  12. Abbreviated epitaxial growth mode (AGM) method for reducing cost and improving quality of LEDs and lasers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tansu, Nelson; Chan, Helen M; Vinci, Richard P; Ee, Yik-Khoon; Biser, Jeffrey

    2013-09-24

    The use of an abbreviated GaN growth mode on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire substrates, which utilizes a process of using 15 nm low temperature GaN buffer and bypassing etch-back and recovery processes during epitaxy, enables the growth of high-quality GaN template on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire. The GaN template grown on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire by employing abbreviated growth mode has two orders of magnitude lower threading dislocation density than that of conventional GaN template grown on planar sapphire. The use of abbreviated growth mode also leads to significant reduction in cost of the epitaxy. The growths and characteristics of InGaN quantum wells (QWs) light emitting diodes (LEDs) on both templates were compared. The InGaN QWs LEDs grown on the nano-patterned AGOG sapphire demonstrated at least a 24% enhancement of output power enhancement over that of LEDs grown on conventional GaN templates.

  13. BUSINESS ENGLISH OUTSIDE THE BOX. BUSINESS JARGON AND ABBREVIATIONS IN BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pop Anamaria-Mirabela

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Business English is commonly understood language, yet Harvard Business Review called business jargon “The Silent Killer of Big Companies”. As we all have been taught in school, we are aware of the fact that in communication we must comply with linguistic rules so that our message gets across succinctly. Yet, there is one place where all these rules can be omitted (at least in the recent decades: the corporate office. Here, one can use euphemisms and clichés, can capitalize any word that is considered important, the passive voice is used wherever possible and abbreviations occur in every sentence. The worst part is that all of these linguistic enormities are carried out deliberately. The purpose of this paper is to analyse to what extent business jargon and abbreviations have affected business communication (which most of the time, it is filled with opaque language to mask different activities and operations and the reasons for which these linguistic phenomena have become so successful in the present. One of the reasons for the research is that in business English, jargon can be annoying because it overcomplicates. It is frequently unnecessary and it can transform a simple idea or instruction into something very confusing. It is true that every field has its jargon. Education, journalism, law, politics, medicine, urban planning – no filed is immune. Yet, it seems that business jargon has been described as “the most annoying”. Another reason is that jargon tends to be elitist. Those who do not understand the terms feel confused and uncertain. The paper starts with defining these two concepts, business jargon and abbreviations, and then it attempts to explain the “unusual” pervasion of these, both in business communication and in everyday communication. For this, the paper includes a list with the most common business jargon and abbreviations. In this view, the authors have accessed different economic blogs and specialty journals

  14. Abbreviations list

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Adege National Agency for Mosquito Destruction and Management of Mosquito-controlled Areas(Agence nationale pour la démoustication et la gestion des espaces naturels démoustiqués) AFD French Development Agency(Agence française de développement) Afssa French Agency for Health Security of Food(Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des aliments) Afsset French Agency for Environmental and Occupational Safety(Agence française de sécurité sanitaire de l’environnement et du travail) Anaes French Na...

  15. Application of abbreviated injury scale and injury severity score in fatal cases with abdominopelvic injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subedi, Nuwadatta; Yadav, Bishwanath; Jha, Shivendra

    2014-12-01

    In forensic casework, investigation of injury severity is important in evaluating the mortality, occasionally in terms of the adequacy of clinical management. The study was conducted with an objective to study the relationship of severity of the injuries using Abbreviated Injury Scale and Injury Severity Score (ISS) with survival period and place of death among fatal cases with abdominopelvic trauma.The total number of cases studied was 80. The injuries in all the body parts were allotted using the Abbreviated Injury Scale 2005, Update 2008, and the ISS was calculated. The male/female ratio was 4:1, and the mean (SD) age was 30.76 (15.2) years. The cause of trauma was road traffic accidents in 82.5% of the cases. The median duration of survival was 2 hours. The mean (SD) ISS was 38.90 (14.89). Abbreviated Injury Scale scores of 5 and 4 were the most common in the region. With increase in the ISS, the survival period was decreased. There was a highly significant difference between the mean ISS of the victims who died prehospital and that of who died in the emergency department (P < 0.005). The mean ISS of the victims who died in the emergency department and of those who died in the ward, intensive care unit, or after discharge was also significantly different (P < 0.05).Although the cases with more severe injuries died sooner, there should be provision of treatment on the spot without delay. More time taken to start the treatment increases the fatalities. PMID:25354224

  16. USAGE OF ABBREVIATIONS IN THE NAMES OF WORKPLACES İŞ YERİ ADLARINDA KISALTMALARIN KULLANIMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülnaz ÇETINOĞLU BERBEROĞLU

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abbreviations take an important place in the names of workplaces which have the feature of showing the service type that is giving by the workplace as separating its similars and have the characteristic of a kind of identity. In being formed of abbreviations some apprehensions like being conspicuous, being different from similar, keeping in mind easily and euphony become prominence as well as the thougt of save time and effort. Therefore, attempt to comply with the rules of language while the abbreviations are being formed is ignored. The abbreviations are formed casually and as being ignored the rules of language is concluded by the evaluation of data. So, it is determined that an order can’t be found and it can’t be connected to the rules. Verilen hizmet türünü benzerlerinden ayırarak gösterme özelliğine sahip, bir çeşit kimlik niteliği taşıyan iş yeri adlarında kısaltmalar, büyük yer tutar. Kısaltmaların oluşturulmasında zamandan ve emekten tasarruf etme düşüncesinin yanı sıra dikkat çekme, benzerlerinden farklı olma, akılda kolay kalma ve kulağa hoş gelme gibi kaygılar öne çıkmaktadır. Bu nedenle, yapılan kısaltmalarda dilin kurallarına uyma çabası göz ardı edilmektedir. Verilerin değerlendirilmesiyle, kısaltmaların dil kuralları göz ardı edilerek gelişigüzel oluşturulduğu sonucuna varılmış; dolayısıyla bir düzen sağlanamayacağı ve kurala bağlanamayacağı saptanmıştır.

  17. An abbreviated version of the brief assessment of cognition in schizophrenia (BACS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MD Yasuhiro Kaneda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: A short version of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS was derived. Methods: We calculated the corrected item-total correlation (CITC for each test score relative to the composite score, and then computed the proportion of variance that each test shares with the global score excluding that test (Rt² = CITCt² and the variance explained per minute of administration time for each test (Rt²/mint. Results and Conclusions: The 3 tests with the highest Rt²/mint, Symbol Coding, Digit Sequencing, and Token Motor, were selected for the Abbreviated BACS.

  18. Abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms frequently used by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.. Second edition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, J.T.

    1994-09-01

    Guidelines are given for using abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms (AAIs) in documents prepared by US Department of Energy facilities managed by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The more than 10,000 AAIs listed represent only a small portion of those found in recent documents prepared by contributing editors of the Information Management Services organization of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Oak Ridge K-25 Site, and the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. This document expands on AAIs listed in the Document Preparation Guide and is intended as a companion document

  19. Abbreviated laparotomy or damage control laparotomy: Why, when and how to do it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voiglio, E J; Dubuisson, V; Massalou, D; Baudoin, Y; Caillot, J L; Létoublon, C; Arvieux, C

    2016-08-01

    The goal of abbreviated laparotomy is to treat severely injured patients whose condition requires an immediate surgical operation but for whom a prolonged procedure would worsen physiological impairment and metabolic failure. Indeed, in severely injured patients, blood loss and tissue injuries enhance the onset of the "bloody vicious circle", triggered by the triad of acidosis-hypothermia-coagulopathy. Abbreviated laparotomy is a surgical strategy that forgoes the completeness of operation in favor of a physiological approach, the overriding preference going to rapidity and limiting the procedure to control the injuries. Management is based on sequential association of the shortest possible preoperative resuscitation with surgery limited to essential steps to control injury (stop the bleeding and contamination), without definitive repair. The latter will be ensured during a scheduled re-operation after a period of resuscitation aiming to correct physiological abnormalities induced by the trauma and its treatment. This strategy necessitates a pre-defined plan and involvement of the entire medical and nursing staff to reduce time loss to a strict minimum. PMID:27542655

  20. Abbreviations [Annex to The Fukushima Daiichi Accident, Technical Volume 2/5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex is a list of abbreviations used in the publication The Fukushima Daiichi Accident, Technical Volume 2/5. The list includes the abbreviations for: • Agency for Natural Resources and Energy; • essential service water; • International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale;• Integrated Regulatory Review Service; • Japan Atomic Energy Agency; • Japan Atomic Energy Commission; • Japan Power Engineering and Inspection Corp; • Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization; • low head safety injection; • low level radioactive waste; • Madras Atomic Power Station; • main control room; • Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry; • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology; • Ministry of International Trade and Industry; • Ministry of Foreign Affairs; • Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency; • Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited; • nuclear power plant; • Nuclear Safety Commission; • Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation; • Nuclear Safety Technology Centre; • Onahama Port; • pressurized water reactor; • Science and Technology Agency; • Tokyo Electric Power Company

  1. Exploring the relationship between children's knowledge of text message abbreviations and school literacy outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plester, Beverly; Wood, Clare; Joshi, Puja

    2009-03-01

    This paper presents a study of 88 British 10-12-year-old children's knowledge of text message (SMS) abbreviations ('textisms') and how it relates to their school literacy attainment. As a measure of textism knowledge, the children were asked to compose text messages they might write if they were in each of a set of scenarios. Their text messages were coded for types of text abbreviations (textisms) used, and the ratio of textisms to total words was calculated to indicate density of textism use. The children also completed a short questionnaire about their mobile phone use. The ratio of textisms to total words used was positively associated with word reading, vocabulary, and phonological awareness measures. Moreover, the children's textism use predicted word reading ability after controlling for individual differences in age, short-term memory, vocabulary, phonological awareness and how long they had owned a mobile phone. The nature of the contribution that textism knowledge makes to children's word reading attainment is discussed in terms of the notion of increased exposure to print, and Crystal's (2006a) notion of ludic language use.

  2. Abbreviated bibliography on energy development—A focus on the Rocky Mountain Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montag, Jessica M.; Willis, Carolyn J.; Glavin, Levi W.

    2011-01-01

    Energy development of all types continues to grow in the Rocky Mountain Region of the western United States. Federal resource managers increasingly need to balance energy demands, effects on the natural landscape and public perceptions towards these issues. To assist in efficient access to valuable information, this abbreviated bibliography provides citations to relevant information for myriad of issues for which resource managers must contend. The bibliography is organized by seven large topics with various sup-topics: broad energy topics (energy crisis, conservation, supply and demand, etc.); energy sources (fossil fuel, nuclear, renewable, etc.); natural landscape effects (climate change, ecosystem, mitigation, restoration, and reclamation, wildlife, water, etc.); human landscape effects (attitudes and perceptions, economics, community effects, health, Native Americans, etc.); research and technology; international research; and, methods and modeling. A large emphasis is placed on the natural and human landscape effects.

  3. Fabrication of Nanodot Decorated Sapphire Substrates for Abbreviated Growth Mode Deposition of Gallium Nitride

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biser, Jeffrey M.

    The overarching theme of this body of work is the development and demonstration of sapphire substrates with sub-micron scale surface features laid out in arrays with controlled shape, size, and distribution. The key contributions of the work are: (1) the collaborative demonstration that such substrates enable novel GaN fabrication options like the Abbreviated Growth Mode (AGM) approach that can lead to lower cost, higher quality LED devices, (2) the proof-of-concept demonstration that large scale surface patterning with the use of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates is a feasible approach for creating low-cost patterns that should be compatible with AGM, and (3) that the Aluminum-to-sapphire conversion process used to fabricate the surface structures has distinct zones of behavior with regard to feature size and temperature that can be used to suggest an optimized set of process conditions.

  4. Matching Element Symbols with State Abbreviations: A Fun Activity for Browsing the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woelk, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    A classroom activity is presented in which students are challenged to find matches between the United States two-letter postal abbreviations for states and chemical element symbols. The activity aims to lessen negative apprehensions students might have when the periodic table of the elements with its more than 100 combinations of letters is first…

  5. Txt Msg N School Literacy: Does Texting and Knowledge of Text Abbreviations Adversely Affect Children's Literacy Attainment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plester, Beverly; Wood, Clare; Bell, Victoria

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on two studies which investigated the relationship between children's texting behaviour, their knowledge of text abbreviations and their school attainment in written language skills. In Study One, 11-12-year-old children provided information on their texting behaviour. They were also asked to translate a standard English…

  6. 78 FR 46977 - Generic Drug User Fee-Abbreviated New Drug Application, Prior Approval Supplement, Drug Master...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Generic Drug User Fee--Abbreviated New Drug Application... application (ANDA), prior approval supplement to an approved ANDA (PAS), drug master file (DMF), generic drug... the Generic Drug User Fee Program for fiscal year (FY) 2014. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic...

  7. 77 FR 65198 - Generic Drug User Fee-Abbreviated New Drug Application, Prior Approval Supplement, and Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Generic Drug User Fee--Abbreviated New Drug Application... (DMF) fees related to the Generic Drug User Fee Program for fiscal year (FY) 2013. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act), as amended by the Generic Drug User Fee Amendments of...

  8. Development of an Abbreviated Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI) Using Item Response Theory: The SPAI-23

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberson-Nay, Roxann; Strong, David R.; Nay, William T.; Beidel, Deborah C.; Turner, Samuel M.

    2007-01-01

    An abbreviated version of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI) was developed using methods based in nonparametric item response theory. Participants included a nonclinical sample of 1,482 undergraduates (52% female, mean age = 19.4 years) as well as a clinical sample of 105 individuals (56% female, mean age = 36.4 years) diagnosed with…

  9. 78 FR 25749 - Submission of New Drug Application/Abbreviated New Drug Application Field Alert Reports: Notice...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-02

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Submission of New Drug Application/Abbreviated New Drug... Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing a pilot program to test an XML (extensible markup language)-enabled Adobe PDF form, Form FDA 3331--Automated...

  10. Magnetic resonance imaging. Sequence acronyms and other abbreviations in MR imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of magnetic resonance imaging in clinical routine is still increasing. The large number of possible MR acquisition schemes reflects the variety of tis ue-dependent parameters that may influence the contrast within the image. Those schemes can be categorized into gradient echo and spin echo techniques. Within hese groups, further sorting can be done to differentiate between single-echo, ulti-echo, and single-shot techniques. Each of these techniques can be combined with preparation schemes for modifying the longitudinal magnetization. Hybrids re found between the groups, which are those techniques that utilize spin echoe as well as gradient echoes. Academic groups as well as vendors often have diff rent sequence acronyms for the same acquisition scheme. This contribution will ort these sequence acronyms into the previously mentioned scheme. The basic pri nciple of the data acquisition is elaborated on and hints are given for potentia clinical applications. Besides the sequence-specific acronyms, new abbreviations have surfaced recently in conjunction with ''parallel acquisition techniques.'' The latter means the utilization of multiple surface coils where the position a d the sensitivity profile of the coils provide additional spatial information, allowing the application of reduced matrixes leading to a shorter measurement ti e. (orig.)

  11. Validity and Reliability of the Abbreviated Barratt Impulsiveness Scale in Spanish (BIS-15S)*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orozco-Cabal, Luis; Rodríguez, Maritza; Herin, David V.; Gempeler, Juanita; Uribe, Miguel

    2010-01-01

    Objective This study determined the validity and reliability of a new, abbreviated version of the Spanish Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-15S) in Colombian subjects. Method The BIS-15S was tested in non-clinical (n=283) and clinical (n=164) native Spanish-speakers. Intra-scale reliability was calculated using Cronbach’s α, and test-retest reliability was measured with Pearson correlations. Psychometric properties were determined using standard statistics. A factor analysis was performed to determine BIS-15S factor structure. Results 447 subjects participated in the study. Clinical subjects were older and more educated compared to non-clinical subjects. Impulsivity scores were normally distributed in each group. BIS-15S total, motor, non-planning and attention scores were significantly lower in non-clinical vs. clinical subjects. Subjects with substance-related disorders had the highest BIS-15S total scores, followed by subjects with bipolar disorders and bulimia nervosa/binge eating. Internal consistency was 0.793 and test-retest reliability was 0.80. Factor analysis confirmed a three-factor structure (attention, motor, non-planning) accounting for 47.87% of the total variance in BIS-15S total scores. Conclusions The BIS-15S is a valid and reliable self-report measure of impulsivity in this population. Further research is needed to determine additional components of impulsivity not investigated by this measure. PMID:21152412

  12. The Convergent, Discriminant, and Concurrent Validity of Scores on the Abbreviated Self-Leadership Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk Şahin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study reports the psychometric properties of a short measure of self-leadership in the Turkish context: the Abbreviated Self-Leadership Questionnaire (ASLQ. The ASLQ was examined using two samples and showed sound psychometric properties. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that nine-item ASLQ measured a single construct of self-leadership. The results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of the one-factor model of the ASLQ in relation to the 35-item Revised Self-Leadership Questionnaire and General Self-Efficacy scale, respectively. With regard to internal consistency and test-retest reliability, the ASLQ showed acceptable results. Furthermore, the results provided evidence that scores on the ASLQ positively predicted individual's self-reported task performance and self-efficacy mediated this relationship. Taken together, these findings suggest that the Turkish version of the ASLQ is a reliable and valid measure that can be used to measure self-leadership as one variable of interest in the future studies.

  13. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Structure of Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farahman Farrokhi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available "nObjective: The aim of this study is to explore the confirmatory factor analysis results of the Persian adaptation of Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS, proposed by Hopko, Mahadevan, Bare & Hunt. "nMethod: The validity and reliability assessments of the scale were performed on 298 college students chosen randomly from Tabriz University in Iran. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was carried out to determine the factor structures of the Persian version of AMAS. "nResults: As expected, the two-factor solution provided a better fit to the data than a single factor. Moreover, multi-group analyses showed that this two-factor structure was invariant across sex. Hence, AMAS provides an equally valid measure for use among college students. "nConclusions:  Brief AMAS demonstrates adequate reliability and validity. The AMAS scores can be used to compare symptoms of math anxiety between male and female students. The study both expands and adds support to the existing body of math anxiety literature.

  14. ‘LOL’, ‘OMG’ and Other Acronyms and Abbreviations : A study in the creation of initialisms

    OpenAIRE

    Lundell, Ida

    2012-01-01

    Marchand (1969) claims that abbreviations and acronyms, which are also known as ‘initialisms’, are used to create “names of new scientific discoveries, trade-names, names of organizations, new foundations or offices, but occasionally, and chiefly in American English, personal and geographical names are also coined in this way” (Marchand, 1969: 452). However, initialisms that originate from netspeak, such as ‘LOL’, are different from the initialisms Marchand (1969) describes. These initialisms...

  15. A comparative validation of the abbreviated Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES-10) with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory apathy subscale against diagnostic criteria of apathy.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leontjevas, R.; Evers-Stephan, A.; Smalbrugge, M.; Pot, A.M.; Thewissen, V.; Gerritsen, D.L.; Koopmans, R.T.C.M.

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the Neuropsychiatric Inventory apathy subscale (NPIa) with the abbreviated Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES-10) on discriminant validity and on their performance to distinguish residents as apathetic or nonapathetic. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: Nursing home. PARTICIPAN

  16. Towards a Theory and View of Teaching Compressed and Abbreviated Research Methodology and Statistics Courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Carifio

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the highly questionable effects of educational reform and other curriculum reshaping factors at both the high school, post-secondary and graduate levels has been the shift to teaching compressed, pared-down or abbreviated courses in still needed or required subject-matter that became de-emphasized in the current educational reformation. Research methodology, particularly the highly quantitative and experimental kind and statistics, are two still needed to some degree subject matters that has been especially affected by this demotion and compression movement at the pre-service, in-service, professional development, undergraduate, continuing education and graduate levels, even though the professional areas of education, science, business, politics and most other areas (including history have become far more quantitative and objective research oriented than in the past. Until there are more enlightened policy shifts, effective means of teaching such compressed courses need to be devised and tested, if only to lessen the negative outcomes of such critical courses. This article, therefore, analyzes compressed courses from the point of view of cognitive learning and then describes 5 methods and approaches that were tested to improve the effectiveness of research methodology and statistics courses taught in these formats. Each of the formats helped to reduce student stress and anxiety about the content and its compressed presentation and improved understanding and achievement. The theory and view developed in this article is also applicable to similar compressed courses for scientific and/or technical content which are currently prevalent in allied health and biotechnology areas.

  17. Does a booster intervention augment the preventive effects of an abbreviated version of the coping power program for aggressive children?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lochman, John E; Baden, Rachel E; Boxmeyer, Caroline L; Powell, Nicole P; Qu, Lixin; Salekin, Karen L; Windle, Michel

    2014-01-01

    Booster interventions have been presumed to be important methods for maintaining the effects of evidence-based programs for children with behavioral problems, but there has been remarkably little empirical attention to this assumption. The present study examines the effect of a child-oriented booster preventive intervention with children who had previously received an abbreviated version (24 child sessions, 10 parent sessions) of the Coping Power targeted prevention program. Two hundred and forty-one children (152 boys, 89 girls) were screened as having moderate to high levels of aggressive behavior in 4th grade, then half were randomly assigned to receive the abbreviated Coping Power program in 5th grade, and half of the preventive intervention children were then randomly assigned to a Booster condition in 6th grade. The Booster sessions consisted of brief monthly individual contacts, and were primarily with the children. Five assessments across 4 years were collected from teachers, providing a three-year follow-up for all children who participated in the project. Results indicated that the abbreviated Coping Power program (one-third shorter than the full intervention) had long-term effects in reducing children's externalizing problem behaviors, proactive and reactive aggression, impulsivity traits and callous-unemotional traits. The Booster intervention did not augment these prevention effects. These findings indicate that a briefer and more readily disseminated form of an evidence-based targeted preventive intervention was effective. The findings have potential implications for policy and guidelines about possible intervention length and booster interventions.

  18. Self efficacy for fruit, vegetable and water intakes: Expanded and abbreviated scales from item response modeling analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cullen Karen W

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective To improve an existing measure of fruit and vegetable intake self efficacy by including items that varied on levels of difficulty, and testing a corresponding measure of water intake self efficacy. Design Cross sectional assessment. Items were modified to have easy, moderate and difficult levels of self efficacy. Classical test theory and item response modeling were applied. Setting One middle school at each of seven participating sites (Houston TX, Irvine CA, Philadelphia PA, Pittsburg PA, Portland OR, rural NC, and San Antonio TX. Subjects 714 6th grade students. Results Adding items to reflect level (low, medium, high of self efficacy for fruit and vegetable intake achieved scale reliability and validity comparable to existing scales, but the distribution of items across the latent variable did not improve. Selecting items from among clusters of items at similar levels of difficulty along the latent variable resulted in an abbreviated scale with psychometric characteristics comparable to the full scale, except for reliability. Conclusions The abbreviated scale can reduce participant burden. Additional research is necessary to generate items that better distribute across the latent variable. Additional items may need to tap confidence in overcoming more diverse barriers to dietary intake.

  19. Coelomogenesis during the abbreviated development of the echinoid Heliocidaris erythrogramma and the developmental origin of the echinoderm pentameral body plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Valerie B

    2011-01-01

    The development of the coeloms is described in an echinoid with an abbreviated larval development and shows the early morphogenesis of the coeloms of the adult stage. The development is described from images obtained by laser scanning confocal microscopy. The development in Heliocidaris erythrogramma is asymmetric with a larger left coelom forming on the larval-left side and a smaller right coelom forming on the larval-right side. The right coelom forms after the development of the left coelom is well advanced. The hydrocoele forms from the anterior part of the left coelom. The five lobes of the hydrocoele from which the pentamery of the adult derives take shape on the outer, distal wall of the anterior part of the left coelom. The hydrocoele separates from the more posterior part of the left coelom, which becomes the left posterior coelom. The lobes of the hydrocoele are named, based on the site of the connexion of the stone canal to the hydrocoele. The mouth is assumed to form by penetration through only the outer, distal wall of the hydrocoele and the ectoderm. Both larval and adult polarities are evident in this larva. A comparison with coelomogenesis in the asteroid Parvulastra exigua, which also has an abbreviated development, leads to predictions of homology between the echinoderm and chordate phyla that do not require the hypothesis of a dorsoventral inversion event in chordates.

  20. Screening for personality disorder with the Standardised Assessment of Personality: Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS: further evidence of concurrent validity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moran Paul

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The assessment of personality disorders (PD is costly and time-consuming. There is a need for a brief screen for personality disorders that can be used in routine clinical settings and epidemiological surveys. Aims: To test the validity of the Standardised Assessment of Personality: Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS as a screen for PD in a clinical sample of substance abusers. Methods Convergent validity of the SAPAS with both categorical and dimensional representations of personality disorders was estimated. Results In this sample, the SAPAS correlated well with dimensional representations of cluster A and C personality disorders, even after controlling for ADHD symptoms, anxiety/depression symptoms and recent substance use. The SAPAS was also significantly associated with total number of PD criteria, although correlation with categorical measures of PD was weak. Conclusions The SAPAS is an valid brief screen for PD as assessed dimensionally.

  1. An Abbreviated Protocol for In Vitro Generation of Functional Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Beta-Like Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Massumi, Mohammad; Pourasgari, Farzaneh; Nalla, Amarnadh;

    2016-01-01

    developed an abbreviated five-stage protocol (25-30 days) to generate human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Beta-like Cells (ES-DBCs). We showed that Geltrex, as an extracellular matrix, could support the generation of ES-DBCs more efficiently than that of the previously described culture systems......The ability to yield glucose-responsive pancreatic beta-cells from human pluripotent stem cells in vitro will facilitate the development of the cell replacement therapies for the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes. Here, through the sequential in vitro targeting of selected signaling pathways, we have...... positive cells, 1% insulin and glucagon positive cells and 30% insulin and NKX6.1 co-expressing cells. Functionally, ES-DBCs were responsive to high glucose in static incubation and perifusion studies, and could secrete insulin in response to successive glucose stimulations. Mitochondrial metabolic flux...

  2. Using Genetic Algorithms in a Large Nationally Representative American Sample to Abbreviate the Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahdra, Baljinder K.; Ciarrochi, Joseph; Parker, Philip; Scrucca, Luca

    2016-01-01

    Genetic algorithms (GAs) are robust machine learning approaches for abbreviating a large set of variables into a shorter subset that maximally captures the variance in the original data. We employed a GA-based method to shorten the 62-item Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (MEAQ) by half without much loss of information. Experiential avoidance or the tendency to avoid negative internal experiences is a key target of many psychological interventions and its measurement is an important issue in psychology. The 62-item MEAQ has been shown to have good psychometric properties, but its length may limit its use in most practical settings. The recently validated 15-item brief version (BEAQ) is one short alternative, but it reduces the multidimensional scale to a single dimension. We sought to shorten the 62-item MEAQ by half while maintaining fidelity to its six dimensions. In a large nationally representative sample of Americans (N = 7884; 52% female; Age: M = 47.9, SD = 16), we employed a GA method of scale abbreviation implemented in the R package, GAabbreviate. The GA-derived short form, MEAQ-30 with five items per subscale, performed virtually identically to the original 62-item MEAQ in terms of inter-subscales correlations, factor structure, factor correlations, and zero-order correlations and unique latent associations of the six subscales with other measures of mental distress, wellbeing and personal strivings. The two measures also showed similar distributions of means across American census regions. The MEAQ-30 provides a multidimensional assessment of experiential avoidance whilst minimizing participant burden. The study adds to the emerging literature on the utility of machine learning methods in psychometrics. PMID:26941672

  3. The Self-report Standardized Assessment of Personality-abbreviated Scale: Preliminary results of a brief screening test for personality disorders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Germans, S.; Heck, G.L. van; Moran, P.; Hodiamont, P.P.G.

    2009-01-01

    Objective The internal consistency, test-retest reliability and validity of the Self-report Standardized Assessment of Personality-abbreviated Scale (SAPAS-SR) as a screening instrument for personality disorders were studied in a random sample of 195 Dutch psychiatric outpatients, using the Structu

  4. Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) symptom assessment form total symptom score: Prospective international assessment of an abbreviated symptom burden scoring system among patients with MPNs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.M. Emanuel (Robyn); A.C. Dueck (Amylou); H.L. Geyer (Holly); J.J. Kiladjian; S. Slot (Stefanie); S. Zweegman (Sonja); P.A.W. Boekhorst; S. Commandeur (Suzan); H. Schouten (Harry); F. Sackmann (Federico); A.K. Fuentes (Ana Kerguelen); D. Hernández-Maraver (Dolores); C. Pahl (Clemens); M. Griesshammer (Martin); F. Stegelmann (Frank); K. Doehner (Konstanze); T. Lehmann (Thomas); K. Bonatz (Karin); A. Reiter (Alfred); F. Boyer (Francoise); J. Etienne (Jerome); J.-C. Ianotto (Jean-Christophe); D. Ranta (Dana); L. Roy (Lydia); J.-Y. Cahn (Jean-Yves); C.N. Harrison (Claire); D. Radia (Deepti); P. Muxi (Pablo); N. Maldonado (Norman); C. Besses (Carlos); F. Cervantes (Francisco); P.L. Johansson (Peter); T. Barbui (Tiziano); G. Barosi (Giovanni); A.M. Vannucchi (Alessandro); F. Passamonti (Francesco); B. Andreasson (Bjorn); M.L. Ferarri (Maria); A. Rambaldi (Alessandro); J. Samuelsson (Jan); G. Birgegard (Gunnar); A. Tefferi (Ayalew); A.A. Mesa

    2012-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: Myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) symptoms are troublesome to patients, and alleviation of this burden represents a paramount treatment objective in the development of MPN-directed therapies. We aimed to assess the utility of an abbreviated symptom score for the most pertinent a

  5. Math Anxiety Assessment with the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: Applicability and usefulness: insights from the Polish adaptation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof eCipora

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Math anxiety has an important impact on mathematical development and performance. However, although math anxiety is supposed to be a transcultural trait, assessment instruments are scarce and are validated mainly for Western cultures so far. Therefore, we aimed at examining the transcultural generality of math anxiety by a thorough investigation of the validity of math anxiety assessment in Eastern Europe. We investigated the validity and reliability of a Polish adaptation of the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS, known to have very good psychometric characteristics in its original, American-English version as well as in its Italian and Iranian adaptations.We also observed high reliability, both for internal consistency and test-retest stability of the AMAS in the Polish sample. The results also show very good construct, convergent and discriminant validity: The factorial structure in Polish adult participants (n = 857 was very similar to the one previously found in other samples; AMAS scores correlated moderately in expected directions with state and trait anxiety, self-assessed math achievement and skill as well temperamental traits of emotional reactivity, briskness, endurance and perseverance. Average scores obtained by participants as well as gender differences and correlations with external measures were also similar across cultures. Beyond the cultural comparison, we used path model analyses to show that math anxiety relates to math grades and self-competence when controlling for trait anxiety.The current study shows transcultural validity of math anxiety assessment with the AMAS.

  6. Math Anxiety Assessment with the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: Applicability and Usefulness: Insights from the Polish Adaptation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cipora, Krzysztof; Szczygieł, Monika; Willmes, Klaus; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph

    2015-01-01

    Math anxiety has an important impact on mathematical development and performance. However, although math anxiety is supposed to be a transcultural trait, assessment instruments are scarce and are validated mainly for Western cultures so far. Therefore, we aimed at examining the transcultural generality of math anxiety by a thorough investigation of the validity of math anxiety assessment in Eastern Europe. We investigated the validity and reliability of a Polish adaptation of the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS), known to have very good psychometric characteristics in its original, American-English version as well as in its Italian and Iranian adaptations. We also observed high reliability, both for internal consistency and test-retest stability of the AMAS in the Polish sample. The results also show very good construct, convergent and discriminant validity: The factorial structure in Polish adult participants (n = 857) was very similar to the one previously found in other samples; AMAS scores correlated moderately in expected directions with state and trait anxiety, self-assessed math achievement and skill as well temperamental traits of emotional reactivity, briskness, endurance, and perseverance. Average scores obtained by participants as well as gender differences and correlations with external measures were also similar across cultures. Beyond the cultural comparison, we used path model analyses to show that math anxiety relates to math grades and self-competence when controlling for trait anxiety. The current study shows transcultural validity of math anxiety assessment with the AMAS.

  7. Modeling the structure of the attitudes and belief scale 2 using CFA and bifactor approaches: Toward the development of an abbreviated version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, Philip; Shevlin, Mark; Adamson, Gary; Boduszek, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The Attitudes and Belief Scale-2 (ABS-2: DiGiuseppe, Leaf, Exner, & Robin, 1988. The development of a measure of rational/irrational thinking. Paper presented at the World Congress of Behavior Therapy, Edinburg, Scotland.) is a 72-item self-report measure of evaluative rational and irrational beliefs widely used in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy research contexts. However, little psychometric evidence exists regarding the measure's underlying factor structure. Furthermore, given the length of the ABS-2 there is a need for an abbreviated version that can be administered when there are time demands on the researcher, such as in clinical settings. This study sought to examine a series of theoretical models hypothesized to represent the latent structure of the ABS-2 within an alternative models framework using traditional confirmatory factor analysis as well as utilizing a bifactor modeling approach. Furthermore, this study also sought to develop a psychometrically sound abbreviated version of the ABS-2. Three hundred and thirteen (N = 313) active emergency service personnel completed the ABS-2. Results indicated that for each model, the application of bifactor modeling procedures improved model fit statistics, and a novel eight-factor intercorrelated solution was identified as the best fitting model of the ABS-2. However, the observed fit indices failed to satisfy commonly accepted standards. A 24-item abbreviated version was thus constructed and an intercorrelated eight-factor solution yielded satisfactory model fit statistics. Current results support the use of a bifactor modeling approach to determining the factor structure of the ABS-2. Furthermore, results provide empirical support for the psychometric properties of the newly developed abbreviated version.

  8. Validation of the Abbreviated Brucella AMOS PCR as a Rapid Screening Method for Differentiation of Brucella abortus Field Strain Isolates and the Vaccine Strains, 19 and RB51

    OpenAIRE

    Ewalt, Darla R; Bricker, Betsy J.

    2000-01-01

    The Brucella AMOS PCR assay was previously developed to identify and differentiate specific Brucella species. In this study, an abbreviated Brucella AMOS PCR test was evaluated to determine its accuracy in differentiating Brucella abortus into three categories: field strains, vaccine strain 19 (S19), and vaccine strain RB51/parent strain 2308 (S2308). Two hundred thirty-one isolates were identified and tested by the conventional biochemical tests and Brucella AMOS PCR. This included 120 isola...

  9. Little Rock and El Dorado 10 x 20 NTMS quadrangles and adjacent areas, Arkansas: data report (abbreviated)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This abbreviated data report presents results of ground water and stream sediment reconnaissance in the National Topographic Map Series Little Rock 10 x 20 quadrangle (Cleveland, Dallas, and Howard Counties do not have stream sediment analyses); the El Dorado 10 x 20 quadrangle (only Clark County has stream sediment analyses); the western part (Lonoke and Jefferson Counties) of Helena 10 x 20 quadrangle; the southern part (Franklin, Logan, Yell, Perry, Faulkner, and Lonoke Counties) of Russellville 10 x 20 quadrangle; and the southwestern corner (Ashley County) of the Greenwood 10 x 20 quadrangle. Stream samples were collected at 943 sites in the Little Rock quadrangle, 806 sites in the El Dorado quadrangle, 121 sites in the Helena area, 292 sites in the Russellville area, and 77 in the Greenwood area. Ground water samples were collected at 1211 sites in the Little Rock quadrangle, 1369 sites in the El Dorado quadrangle, 186 sites in the Helena area, 470 sites in the Russellville area, and 138 sites in the Greenwood area. Stream sediment and stream water samples were collected from small streams at nominal density of one site per 21 square kilometers in rural areas. Ground water samples were collected at a nominal density of one site per 13 square kilometers. Neutron activation analysis results are given for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments, and for uranium and 8 other elements in ground water. Field measurements and observations are reported for each site. Uranium concentrations in the sediments ranged from less than 0.1 ppM to 23.5 ppM with a mean of 1.7 ppM. The ground water uranium mean concentration is 0.113 ppB, and the uranium concentrations range from less than 0.002 ppB to 15.875 ppB. High ground water uranium values in the Ouachita Mountain region of the Little Rock quadrangle appear to be associated with Ordovician black shale units

  10. 基于条件随机场与Web数据的缩略语预测%Abbreviation Prediction Using Conditional Random Field and Web Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦妍; 王厚峰; 张龙凯

    2012-01-01

    Abbreviations are commonly used in natural languages and constitutes a substantial proportion of Unknown Words, which challenges Natural Language Processing. This article proposes a strategy of predicting abbreviation from full form in Chinese. For a full form, it firstly generates a number of candidates using Conditional Random Field. Then each of the candidates is re-scored according to the results from Web Search Engine based on different search conditions and statistic methods. The candidate with highest score is selected as the abbreviation. Experiments show the precision improves about 5% compared with single Conditional Random Field method.%缩略语在自然语言中被广泛使用.因其是新词的重要来源之一,成为了自然语言处理领域的一大问题.该文以汉语为对象,研究了从完整形式预测缩略语形式的方法.首先,使用条件随机场模型对完整形式进行序列标注,生成缩略语候选集合.再利用搜索引擎获取网络数据,并通过不同策略利用网络数据对各候选依次评估,结 合各项评估分数进行重排序,选择最终的缩略语结果.实验结果表明,增加Web信息之后,缩略语预测的准确率可以提高约五个百分点.

  11. Discussion of the Abbreviations by Simplifying Sentence of “Life is Already Hard, so Don't Expose the Truth”%从“人艰不拆”等看句子缩词

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白鑫

    2015-01-01

    The abbreviation by simplifying sentences is a new language phenomenon originated in the network, which is abbre-viated by four characters and every abbreviations is single word and at least one morpheme is a verb.But most of the abbreviations is ambiguous.The paper thinks that the there is a mapping relationship between the abbreviation and the sentence The theory of spreading activation and the grammar generation can explain the mapping relationship and the cognitive process of sentence reduc-tion.In addition, the cognitive limitation of the abbreviation by simplifying is mainly from the spreading activation level of strength and cognitive scope.%句子缩词是网络中萌芽产生的一种新的语言现象,是缩略词的一种。句子缩词以四字格居多,词中每个字均为单字词,并且至少有一个语素为动词,但缩略词大多语义不明确。我们认为,缩略词与原句具有一定的映射关系,通过激活扩散模型和语法生成理论可以解释这种映射关系,并说明句子缩词的认知过程。此外,我们认为句子缩词的认知限制主要来自激活扩散程度强弱和认知范围大小。

  12. Consideration of Change of Abbreviated Network Chinese Words%缩略型网络语言的变化及思考--“然并卵”等例析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新梅

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzed the latest abbreviated network Chinese word “Ranbingluan” from three aspects of origin , struc-ture and semanteme , and it also discussed the generating motivation of the abbreviated network Chinese word from the perspective of social environment and human mentality , the combination of abbreviation and regional dialects .Considering the rationality , possi-bility, innovativeness , openness and uncontrollability , the paper analyzed the changes of abbreviated network Chinese words .%先从来源、结构和语义这三方面分析最新缩略型的网络语言“然并卵”;进而从社会环境和人文心理这两大方面探讨网络缩略语的生成动因及最新变化:缩略与地方方言相结合;最后结合网络语言的共同特性:合理性、可能性、创新性、渗透性、开放性与不可控性,谈谈对缩略型的网络语言变化的几点思考。

  13. Associations between performance on an abbreviated CogState battery, other measures of cognitive function, and biomarkers in people at risk for Alzheimer’s disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Racine, Annie M.; Clark, Lindsay R.; Berman, Sara E.; Koscik, Rebecca L.; Mueller, Kimberly D.; Norton, Derek; Nicholas, Christopher R.; Blennow, Kaj; Zetterberg, Henrik; Jedynak, Bruno; Bilgel, Murat; Carlsson, Cynthia M.; Christian, Bradley T.; Asthana, Sanjay; Johnson, Sterling C.

    2016-01-01

    It is not known whether computerized cognitive assessments, like the CogState battery, are sensitive to preclinical cognitive changes or pathology in people at risk for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In 469 late middle-aged participants from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer’s Prevention (mean age 63.8±7 years at testing; 67% female; 39% APOE4+), we examined relationships between a CogState abbreviated battery (CAB) of seven tests and demographic characteristics, traditional paper-based neuropsychological tests as well as a composite cognitive impairment index, cognitive impairment status (determined by consensus review); and biomarkers for amyloid and tau (CSF phosphorylated-tau/Aβ42 and global PET-PiB burden) and neural injury (CSF neurofilament light protein). CSF and PET-PiB were collected in n=71 and n=91 participants, respectively, approximately four years prior to CAB testing. For comparison, we examined three traditional tests of delayed memory in parallel. Similar to studies in older samples, the CAB was less influenced by demographic factors than traditional tests. CAB tests were generally correlated with most paper-based cognitive tests examined and mapped onto the same cognitive domains. Greater composite cognitive impairment index was associated with worse performance on all CAB tests. Cognitively impaired participants performed significantly worse compared to normal controls on all but one CAB test. Poorer One Card Learning test performance was associated with higher levels of CSF phosphorylated-tau/Aβ42. These results support the use of the CogState battery as measures of early cognitive impairment in studies of people at risk for AD. PMID:27589532

  14. Cross-validation of the factorial structure of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS and its abbreviated form (NEWS-A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cerin Ester

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS and its abbreviated form (NEWS-A assess perceived environmental attributes believed to influence physical activity. A multilevel confirmatory factor analysis (MCFA conducted on a sample from Seattle, WA showed that, at the respondent level, the factor-analyzable items of the NEWS and NEWS-A measured 11 and 10 constructs of perceived neighborhood environment, respectively. At the census blockgroup (used by the US Census Bureau as a subunit of census tracts level, the MCFA yielded five factors for both NEWS and NEWS-A. The aim of this study was to cross-validate the individual- and blockgroup-level measurement models of the NEWS and NEWS-A in a geographical location and population different from those used in the original validation study. Methods A sample of 912 adults was recruited from 16 selected neighborhoods (116 census blockgroups in the Baltimore, MD region. Neighborhoods were stratified according to their socio-economic status and transport-related walkability level measured using Geographic Information Systems. Participants self-completed the NEWS. MCFA was used to cross-validate the individual- and blockgroup-level measurement models of the NEWS and NEWS-A. Results The data provided sufficient support for the factorial validity of the original individual-level measurement models, which consisted of 11 (NEWS and 10 (NEWS-A correlated factors. The original blockgroup-level measurement model of the NEWS and NEWS-A showed poor fit to the data and required substantial modifications. These included the combining of aspects of building aesthetics with safety from crime into one factor; the separation of natural aesthetics and building aesthetics into two factors; and for the NEWS-A, the separation of presence of sidewalks/walking routes from other infrastructure for walking. Conclusion This study provided support for the generalizability of the individual

  15. Correlation between serum ferritin levels and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptom scores in children based on the Abbreviated Conners Teachers Rating Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Intan Alita Putri Tumbelaka

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Background Dopamine deficiency is thought to be one of the factors causing attention-deficit /hyperactivity disorder (ADHD in children. Iron contributes to the regulation of dopamine neurotransmitter activity, thus, iron deficiency has been associated with ADHD. Several studies have been conducted in other countries to assess for a correlation between serum ferritin levels and ADHD symptom scores, but with varied results. Objective To examine the relationship between iron deficiency and ADHD symptoms, in particular the correlation between serum ferritin levels and Abbreviated Conners Teachers Rrating Scale (ACTRS scores in children with ADHD. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed in children aged 5-12 years who were newly diagnosed with ADHD. Subjects were recruited from the Klinik Anakku Kelapa Gading, the Neurology Outpatient Clinic, the Growth and Development-Social Pediatrics Clinic, and the Integrated Child Clinic of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. ADHD diagnoses were established using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSMm-IV. Subjects’ parents and teachers were asked to complete the ACTRS instrument sheet. Venous blood specimens were obtained for peripheral blood and serum ferritin level tests. Results Of the 33 subjects recruited, 23 were male. Subjects’ ages ranged from 5-12 years, with a median age of onset of 4 (range 2-10 years. The combined type of ADHD (with inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity was more commonly found (20/33 in our subjects. The mean serum ferritin was 51.31 (SD 27.7 ng/mL. Using 20 ng/mL as the serum ferritin cutoff value, 5/33 subjects were considered to be iron deficient. Median ACTRS score by parents and teachers were 15 and 15, respectively. Higher scores were found in the combined type subject group than in the inattention type subject group. Mmedian serum ferritin levels of the two ADHD type groups were similar. ACTRS scores of parents and teachers tended to

  16. A Study of Abbreviation Identification in Official Documents Based on Bivariate Correlations%基于二元相关性的公文缩略语识别研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙启高

    2014-01-01

    运用相关性理论,建立1200多万字的当代汉语政教类公文抽样语料库,在对语料库进行分词、标注等加工的基础上,对其中词语的二元相关性组合进行了抽样统计分析,以此为基础对双音节缩略语进行识别和抽取,获得了比较理想的结果,为缩略语的自动识别和公文自动理解提供了新的思路和方法。%According to the correlation theory , this paper establishes a contemporary Chinese political and educational documents corpus which has more than 12 million words . The data are analyzed based on the corpus segmentation , tagging and processing . The results of identifying and extracting double syllable abbreviations based on the statistics and analysis are satisfactory , w hich provides more ideas and methods for the automatic identification of abbreviations and understanding of the official documents .

  17. 基于最大熵模型的学术缩写自动识别%Study on Automatic Identiifcation of Academic Abbreviations and their Deifnitions based on Maximum Entropy Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秋子; 陆伟; 程齐凯; 黄永

    2015-01-01

    In order to effectively identify the abbreviations and their corresponding deifnitions from enormous English academic texts, this paper proposes an automatic identification algorithm called MELearn-AI.In the perspective of the sequence labelling,MELearn-AI utilizes a manually labelled dataset and adopts maximum entropy algorithm to train a model, and then identify abbreviations in computer science academic texts based on the model. This method achieves a 95.8% precision rate with a 86.3% recall rate in the "Paren-sen" evaluation dataset created in this paper,it shows an obvious improvement compared to the other two algorithms.This paper proposes a method to identify the abbreviations and their corresponding deifnitions.Tested in English academic texts of computer science, the algorithm achieves satisfactory results, which is helpful to better understanding and adopting the terminology of this ifeld.%为实现海量英文学术文本中缩写词及对应缩写定义的识别,本文提出了一种自动缩写识别算法MELearn-AI。该算法在人工标注数据集的基础上,从序列标注的角度,通过最大熵模型实现了计算机领域英文学术文本中的自动缩写识别。MELearn-AI在本文构建的评测数据集“Paren-sen”上得到了95.8%的查准率和86.3%的查全率,相对于其他两组对照实验的效果有较为明显的提升。本文提出的自动缩写识别方法能够在计算机领域的学术文本上取得令人满意的效果,有助于更好地理解并利用该领域术语。

  18. Safety of oral glutamine in the abbreviation of preoperative fasting: a double-blind, controlled, randomized clinical trial Seguridad de la glutamina oral en la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio: un ensayo clínico doble ciego, controlado, aleatorizado

    OpenAIRE

    D. Borges Dock-Nascimento; J. E. D Aguilar-Nascimento; C. Caporossi; M. Sepulveda Magalhães Faria; R. Bragagnolo; F. S. Caporossi; D. Linetzky Waitzberg

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: No study so far has tested a beverage containing glutamine 2 h before anesthesia in patients undergoing surgery. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate: 1) the safety of the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with a carbohydrate-L-glutamine-rich drink; and 2) the residual gastric volume (RGV) measured after the induction of anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods: Randomized controlled trial with 56 women (42 (17-65) years-old) submitted to e...

  19. 77 FR 7546 - Definitions and Abbreviations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... Biorefinery Assistance is 10.865. The Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program number assigned to the..., unless otherwise noted, the Biorefinery Assistance Loan Program and the Rural Energy for America...

  20. 77 FR 7517 - Definitions and Abbreviations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-13

    ... Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program number assigned to the Biorefinery Assistance is 10.865... Servicing regulations and, unless otherwise noted, the Biorefinery Assistance Loan Program and the...

  1. 40 CFR 92.3 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... point EPA—Environmental Protection Agency °F—Fahrenheit FEL—Family emission limit FID—Flame ionization detector ft—foot or feet g—gram(s) gal—U.S. gallon GC—Gas Chromatograph h—hour(s) H2O—water HC—hydrocarbon HFID—Heated flame ionization detector Hg—Mercury hp—horsepower IBP—Initial boiling point in—inch(es)...

  2. Abbreviated Case Studies in Organizational Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanguri, Deloris McGee

    2005-01-01

    The cases contained within organizational communication texts are generally two to three pages, often followed by questions. These case studies are certainly useful. They generally describe events in the present, provide some type of organizational context, include first-hand data, include a record of what people say and think, develop a…

  3. 40 CFR 86.078-3 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., and for 1985 and Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas... following meanings: accel.—acceleration. AECD—Auxiliary emission control device. API—American...

  4. 40 CFR 88.103-94 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Hydrocarbon Equivalent NMOG—Non-Methane Organic Gas NOx—Nitrogen Oxides PM—Particulate Matter GVWR—Gross Vehicle Weight Rating LVW—Loaded Vehicle Weight TW—Test Weight TLEV—Transitional Low-Emission Vehicle LEV—Low-Emission Vehicle ULEV—Ultra Low-Emission Vehicle ZEV—Zero-Emission Vehicle...

  5. 40 CFR 94.3 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Technical Information Service. NO—nitric oxide. NO2—nitrogen dioxide. NOX—oxides of nitrogen. No.—number. O2... Automotive Engineers. SEA—Selective Enforcement Auditing. SI—International system of units (i.e.,...

  6. 40 CFR 300.4 - Abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Agriculture Note: Reference is made in the NCP to both the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the National Response Center. In order to avoid confusion, the NCP will spell out Nuclear Regulatory Commission and use... Response Plan FS—Feasibility Study HRS—Hazard Ranking System LEPC—Local Emergency Planning Committee...

  7. Preliminary application of the abbreviated C-SPSI to nursing students in Shanghai%《简化中文版日常生活问题解决调查表》在沪护理实习生中的初步试用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟; 程云; 袁浩斌

    2010-01-01

    Objective To explore the applicability of the abbreviated Chinese version of the social problem-solving inventory (C-SPSI) for nursing students in Shanghai. Methods The abbreviated C-SPSI was revised and 603 nursing students in Shanghai were surveyed by it, and the reliability and con-struct validity were evaluated by inter-item consistency analysis, test-retest reliability and principal factor analysis. Results The total CVI was 0.968. The construct validity was confirmed by factor analysis with 64.917% variance explained by four factors. The total Cronbach's α of C-SPSI was 0.897,and the total test-retest reliability coefficient was 0.781. Conclusions The abbreviated C-SPSI is an instrument with good reliability and validity and it can be used in assessing the nursing students' social problem-solving abilities and deficits.%目的 考察简化中文版日常生活问题解决调查表在上海护理实习生群体中的适用性.方法 修订,对603例在上海开展护理实习的护生进行调查,采用内部一致性分析、重测信度和因子分析考察量表的信度和效度.结果 调查表的表面效度值为0.968;因子分析得到4个公因子,共解释了64.917%的方差;量表总的Cronbach's α系数为0.897,重测信度为0.781.结论 是一份具有较好信度和效度的评定工具,可用于评价上海地区护理实习生日常生活问题解决能力和缺陷.

  8. 课文缩写法在大学英语课堂教学中的应用——“The Gratitude We Need”为例%On the Application of Abbreviation of the Text to College English Class Teaching:A Case Study on "The Gratitude We Need"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the strength and weakness of the product,process and genre approaches to writing,and finds the abbreviation of the text is an effective training for writing teaching.Besides,it can combines the writing teaching with reading teaching so as to enhance the students' input and output through noticing the text.%本文通过比较结果教学法、过程教学法和体裁教学法的优缺点,分析各教学法的教学过程,认为课文缩写是综合各教学法的可行的写作训练方式,借此把阅读和写作教学结合起来,促使学生对知识点的有意注意来强化其语言输入和输出。

  9. Resultados clínicos e metabólicos da abreviação do jejum com carboidratos na revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio Clinical and metabolic results of fasting abbreviation with carbohydrates in coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gibran Roder Feguri

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Existe pouca informação sobre abreviação do jejum pré-operatório com oferta de líquidos ricos em carboidratos (CHO nas operações cardiovasculares. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar variáveis clínicas, segurança do método e efeitos no metabolismo de pacientes submetidos à abreviação do jejum na cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CRVM. MÉTODOS: Quarenta pacientes submetidos à CRVM foram randomizados para receberem 400 ml (6 horas antes e 200 mL (2 horas antes de maltodextrina a 12,5% (Grupo I, n=20 ou apenas água (Grupo II, n=20 antes da indução anestésica. Foram avaliadas diversas variáveis clínicas no perioperatório e também a resistência insulínica (RI pelo índice de Homa-IR e pela necessidade de insulina exógena; além da função excretora da célula beta pancreática pelo Homa-Beta e controle glicêmico por exames de glicemia capilar. RESULTADOS: Não ocorreram óbitos, broncoaspiração, mediastinite, infarto agudo do miocárdio ou acidente vascular encefálico perioperatórios. Fibrilação atrial ocorreu em dois pacientes de cada grupo e complicações infecciosas não diferiram entre os grupos (P=0,611. Pacientes do Grupo I apresentaram dois dias a menos de internação hospitalar (P=0,025 e um dia a menos na UTI (P0,05. Declínio da produção endógena de insulina ocorreu em ambos os grupos (PINTRODUCTION: Limited information is available about preoperative fasting abbreviation with administration of liquid enriched with carbohydrates (CHO in cardiovascular surgeries. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical variables, security of the method and effects on the metabolism of patients undergoing fasting abbreviation in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing CABG were randomized to receive 400 ml (6 hours before and 200 ml (2 hours before of maltodextrin at 12.5% (Group I, n=20 or just water (Group II, n=20 before anesthetic induction. Perioperative clinical variables

  10. Analyzing the Feasibility of Teaching Critical Reading Strategies with the Abbreviated Version of English Literary Work%批判性阅读策略教学的可行性分析--以英文名著简写本为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董美珍

    2015-01-01

    批判性阅读作为英语教学中培养学生批判性思维的重要途径,得到了国内外学者的关注。本文以英文名著简写本为阅读材料,以高中生为教学对象,探讨适用于小说体裁的批判性阅读策略,以期帮助学生开展批判性阅读,改善批判性思维。%Critical Reading, the important approach of developing students’ critical thinking in English teaching, has gained wide atten-tion from the scholars at home and abroad. This article aims at selecting the appropriate Critical Reading strategies which can be applied in the fictions chosen from the abbreviated version of English literary work and are suitable for High school students in English lesson. The strategies can help the students read critically and improve the students’ critical thinking.

  11. Report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Volume III. Appendices and Table of abbreviations; Rapport sur le projet de loi (no. 1253) relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite. Tome III. Annexes et Table des sigles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bataille, Christian [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-02-11

    The third volume of the Report on behalf of the Production and Exchange Commission on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply contains Appendices. The appendix number 1 presents the directive 96/92 CE of the European Parliament and Council of 19 December 1996, concerning common rules referring to the electricity internal market. It contains the chapters titled: 1. Field of application and definitions; 2. General rules for sector organization; 3. Production; 4. Exploitation of the transport grid; 5. Exploitation of the distribution grid; 6. Accounting dissociation and transparency; 7. Organization of the grid access; 8. Final dispositions. The appendix number 2 gives the law no. 46 - 628 of 8 April, modified, on the nationalization of the electricity and gas. The third appendix reproduces Decree no. 55 - 662 of 20 May 1955 concerning relationships between the establishments aimed by the articles 2 and 23 of the law of 8 April 1946 and the autonomous producers of electric energy. The appendix number 4 contains the notification of State Council of 7 July 1994 regarding the diversification of EDF and GDF activities. The fifth appendix is a chronological list of the European negotiations concerning the opening of the electricity market (1987 -1997). Finally, a list of following abbreviations is given: ART, ATR, CNES, CRE, CTE, DNN, FACE, FPE, GRT, IEG, INB, PPI, RAG and SICAE.

  12. 7 CFR 4274.302 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... directly provided by the Agency IRP loan. Agency IRP loan funds are Federal funds. Agricultural production... (including setting policy) of an intermediary. Processing office or officer. The processing office for an IRP...'s IRP revolving fund. Underrepresented group. U.S. citizens with identifiable common...

  13. 7 CFR 1951.852 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... market, assuming the buyer and seller are prudent and knowledgeable, and the price is not affected by... which constitutes a margin or buffer for meeting obligations within the ordinary operating cycle of...

  14. 7 CFR 1980.302 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... mental impairment expected to result in death or which has lasted or is expected to last for a continuous...) Is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or a combination of mental and physical... requirements of § 1980.312. Rural areas are designated on maps available in the RHS office servicing that...

  15. 40 CFR 72.3 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... cubic feet per hour at standard conditions. EIA—Energy Information Administration. eq—equivalent. °F—degree Fahrenheit. fps—feet per second. gal—gallon. hr—hour. in—inch. °K—degree Kelvin....

  16. 40 CFR 87.2 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: COCarbon Monoxide CO2Carbon dioxide. FAAFederal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation HCHydrocarbon(s) hr.Hour(s) LTOLanding takeoff min.Minute(s) NOXOxides of nitrogen rORated output...

  17. 49 CFR 171.8 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...,000 L, except that a bundle intended for the transport of gases in Division 2.3 is limited to a water... combustible liquid, or compressed gas for the purpose of supplying fuel for propulsion of the transport... the term does not include natural gas, natural gas liquids, liquefied natural gas, or synthetic...

  18. Appendix B: Some Common Abbreviations: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Age-related macular degeneration An eye problem AMI Acute myocardial infarction Heart attack AODM Adult onset diabetes mellitus Type ... Intrauterine device A type of birth control for women IV Intravenous A type of injection ... infarction Heart attack MMR Measles, mumps, and rubella A ...

  19. An abbreviated history of the National Wlk Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report is a timeline of history and the management of the National Elk Refuge from 1909 to 1984. It includes a short summary and charts relating to elk...

  20. 7 CFR 761.2 - Abbreviations and definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... Conditional commitment is the Agency's commitment to a lender that the material the lender has submitted is... available under 7 CFR parts 765 and 766. In the case of an entity applicant, the cosigner cannot be a member... allow for continuation of the operation during an economic emergency which was caused by a lack...

  1. 40 CFR 91.4 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... minute SAE—Society of Automotive Engineers SEA—Selective Enforcement Auditing SI—Spark-ignition U.S.C.—United States Code VOC—Volatile organic compounds ZROD—zirconium dioxide sensor...

  2. 7 CFR 4279.2 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... appreciation. The difference between the current net book value recorded on the financial statements (original... projects utilizing technology that has a proven operating history, and for which there is an established... available energy projects that utilize technology that has a proven operating history, and for which...

  3. 38 CFR 21.8010 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions and... (CONTINUED) VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION Vocational Training and Rehabilitation for Certain Children of Vietnam Veterans-Spina Bifida and Covered Birth Defects General § 21.8010 Definitions...

  4. 14 CFR 1.2 - Abbreviations and symbols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... affecting § 1.2, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... above ground level. ALS means approach light system. APU means auxiliary power unit. ASR means...

  5. 40 CFR 89.3 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... National Technical Information Service NO Nitric oxide NO2 Nitrogen dioxide NOX Oxides of nitrogen O2 Oxygen OEM Original equipment manufacturer PM Particulate matter SAE Society of Automotive Engineers...

  6. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 806 - Abbreviations and Acronyms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...—American Standard Code for Information Interchange CFR—Code of Federal Regulations DFAS—Defense Finance and... Responsibility OMB—Office of Management and Budget OPR—Office of Primary Responsibility PA—Privacy Act PAO—Public... SSN—Social Security Number USAF—United States Air Force U.S.C.—United States Code WWW—World Wide Web...

  7. Reliability and validity of Chinese Version of an abbreviated eight-item measure of Penn State Worry Questionnaire in patients after total hip replacement%中文版宾州忧虑问卷-简表在人工全髋关节置换术后患者中应用的信效度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘延锦; 高欢欢; 赵辉

    2015-01-01

    目的 探讨中文版宾州忧虑问卷-简表(Ch-PSWQ-A量表)在人工全髋关节置换术(THR)患者中应用的信效度.方法 使用Ch-PSWQ-A调查230例行人工全髋关节置换术患者,并对其测定结果进行信效度分析.结果 Ch-PSWQ-A量表总Cronbach α系数为0.885,2个因子的Cronbachα系数分别为0.891和0.776,重测信度为0.813和0.632.因子分析共提取2个共因子,累积方差贡献率为68.428%,且各条目在其公因子上的因子载荷均>0.4.内容效度指数(CVI)平均值为0.924.采用焦虑自评量表做效标效度,Ch-PSWQ-A得分与焦虑自评量表得分的Pearson相关系数为0.891,具有统计学意义,P<0.05.结论 Ch-PSWQ-A量表具有较好的信效度,可以用其评价THR患者的忧虑状态.%Objective To translate the English version of an abbreviated eight-item measure of Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ-A) into Chinese and to test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of PSWQ-A in patients after total Hip Replacement.Methods Totally 218 patients after total hip replacement were recruited and were investigated by the Chinese version of PSWQ-A.Results The internal consistency coefficient of the Chinese version of PSWQ-A were 0.885.Factor analysis got two factors,which explain 68.428% of the total variance.The content validity index was 0.924.Using SAS as an external criterion,The correlation coefficients of the PSWQ-A and SAS scores were 0.891,P<0.05.Conclusions The Chinese version of PSWQ-A has been proved to be reliable and valid.It can be used as a valid tool for the measurement of self-efficacy in patients after total hip replacement.

  8. Safety of oral glutamine in the abbreviation of preoperative fasting: a double-blind, controlled, randomized clinical trial Seguridad de la glutamina oral en la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio: un ensayo clínico doble ciego, controlado, aleatorizado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Borges Dock-Nascimento

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: No study so far has tested a beverage containing glutamine 2 h before anesthesia in patients undergoing surgery. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate: 1 the safety of the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with a carbohydrate-L-glutamine-rich drink; and 2 the residual gastric volume (RGV measured after the induction of anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods: Randomized controlled trial with 56 women (42 (17-65 years-old submitted to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were randomized to receive either conventional preoperative fasting of 8 hours (fasted group, n = 12 or one of three different beverages drunk in the evening before surgery (400 mL and 2 hours before the initiation of anesthesia (200 mL. The beverages were water (placebo group, n = 12, 12.5% (240 mOsm/L maltodextrine (carbohydrate group, n = 12 or the latter in addition to 50 g (40 g in the evening drink and 10g in the morning drink of L-glutamine (glutamine group, n = 14. A 20 F nasogastric tube was inserted immediately after the induction of general anesthesia to aspirate and measure the RGV. Results: Fifty patients completed the study. None of the patients had either regurgitation during the induction of anesthesia or postoperative complications. The median (range of RGV was 6 (0-80 mL. The RGV was similar (p = 0.29 between glutamine group (4.5 [0-15] mL, carbohydrate group (7.0 [0-80] mL, placebo group (8.5 [0-50] mL, and fasted group (5.0 [0-50] mL. Conclusion: The abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with carbohydrate and L-glutamine is safe and does not increase the RGV during induction of anesthesia.Introducción: Ningún estudio hasta el momento ha investigado una bebida que contiene glutamina 2 h antes de la anestesia en pacientes sometidos a cirugía. Objetivos: El objetivo del estudio fue investigar: 1 la seguridad de la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio para 2 h con una bebida conteniendo

  9. Comparison of GFR calculation methods:99m Tc-DTPA renal dynamic imaging, abbreviated MDRD and CKD-EPI equations in patients with chronic kidney disease%99mTc-DTPA肾动态显像、简化MDRD方程及CKD-EPI方程评价慢性肾脏病患者肾功能的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾凤伟; 李建芳; 谢良骏; 张峰; 彭小林; 吴春兴; 程木华

    2014-01-01

    Objective To compare the applications of renal dynamic imaging with 99m Tc-DTPA ( Gates′met-hod), abbreviated MDRD (aMDRD) equation and CKD-EPI equation in renal function assessment in the patients with chronic kidney disease ( CKD) .Methods A total of 159 adult patients with CKD were included .The glomerular filtra-tion rate (GFR) obtained by Gates′method, aMDRD equation and CKD-EPI equation against 99mTc-DTPA dual plasma clearance ( rGFR) with Pearson correlational analyses and Bland -Altman method were performed .Results A statistical-ly significant correlation was found between rGFR and Gates′method (r=0.900, P0.05).Conclusion All three methods underestimate the rGFR, the new CDK-EPI equa-tion performs no better than aMDRD equation .Both equations can′t provide as much accuracy as Gates′method.%目的:比较99m Tc-DTPA肾动态显像( Gates′法)、简化MDRD方程及CKD-EPI方程评价慢性肾脏病( CKD)患者肾小球滤过率( GFR)的价值。方法选择CKD成人患者159例,以双血浆法测定的GFR( rGFR)作为参照,应用Pearson相关分析及Bland-Altman分析比较Gates′法、简化MDRD方程及CKD-EPI方程估算的GFR(eGFR)的相关性、一致性及准确性。结果 Gates′法估测的eGFR与rGFR呈正相关(r=0.900,P<0.001),高于简化MDRD方程(r=0.816,P<0.001)及CKD-EPI方程(r=0.825,P<0.001)。3种方法都低估了rGFR值,但是Gates′法的偏差最小[-3.4 mL/(min·1.73 m2)]、精确度最高[11.8 mL/(min·1.73 m2)]、±30%的准确性最高(71.7%)。除了CKD1~2期,Gates′法±30%的准确性均高于简化MDRD方程及CKD-EPI方程( P<0.05)。简化MDRD方程与CKD-EPI方程准确性比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论3种方法均低估了rGFR。 CKD-EPI方程并不优于简化MDRD方程。 Gates′法的准确性高于其他两种方程。

  10. Análise da eficácia do metilfenidato usando a versão abreviada do questionário de conners em transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade Analysis of the methylphenidate's efficacy using the abbreviated version Conners' questionnaire in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ênio Roberto de Andrade

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available O transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH é quadro diagnóstico bastante complexo, de início precoce, com evolução crônica que repercute em diversos contextos. Três a 5% das crianças em idade escolar apresentam esse transtorno. O questionário de Conners vem sendo utilizado como instrumento de levantamento epidemiológico para o TDAH. OBJETIVO: Este estudo visa a utilização deste instrumento para a análise da eficácia do tratamento com metilfenidato em crianças com TDAH. MÉTODO: Foram selecionadas 21 crianças do gênero masculino, com TDAH do tipo combinado, idade cronológica entre sete anos completos a 10 anos e 11 meses e todos foram tratados com metilfenidato. A versão abreviada do questionário de Conners para pais e professores foi aplicada em dois momentos: um antes da medicação e outro entre seis a oito meses após o seu início. RESULTADOS: Obteve-se redução na pontuação no questionário de Conners em todas as crianças com TDAH concomitante à melhora clínica. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que o questionário de Conners mostrou-se útil não só como auxílio diagnóstico, mas também como um instrumento de avaliação da eficácia do tratamento do TDAH.The attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD is a complex diagnosis. Its installation is precocious, with chronic evolution that impacts on the subject's performance in several contexts. Three to 5% of the school aged children present this disorder. The Conners' questionnaire has been used as an instrument of epidemiological survey for ADHD children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate if this instrument could be an useful tool for the analysis of the methylphenidate's treatment efficacy in ADHD's children. METHOD: Twenty-one male children were selected, with ADHD combined type, chronological ages ranging from seven to 10 years and 11 months and all were treated with methylphenidate. The Conners' questionnaire abbreviated version for parents

  11. The application of the abbreviated metacognitive assessment scale in patients with schizophrenia and neurosis in China%修订版元认知量表在精神分裂症和神经症患者中的应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高艳平; 吴伟明; 董毅; 耿峰; 谢思思; 汪凯; 岳君思; 穆菁菁; 方文梅

    2016-01-01

    目的 探讨修订版元认知量表在精神分裂症和神经症患者中的应用.方法 通过印第安精神疾病访谈,采用修订版元认知量表(MAS-A)对115例精神分裂症患者和89例神经症患者进行评估,比较两组间MAS-A评分差异,评估区分效度;同时采用心理理论图片任务(ToM-PST)测量被试心理理论水平,以ToM-PST总分作为效标,计算效标关联效度;首测1个月后抽取34例精神分裂症和31例神经症患者进行重测,评估重测信度.结果 (1)信度分析:总样本、分裂症组和神经症组MAS-A的Combachα系数分别为0.829、0.826、0.823.总样本MAS-A总分及其自我反省、理解他人、去中心化和控制因子分的重测信度分别为0.722、0.541、0.650、0.615、0.525,具有统计学意义(均P<0.01).(2)效度分析:总样本、分裂症组和神经症组MAS-A总分与ToM-PST总分间的相关系数分别为0.470、0.383、0.292,均差异具有统计学意义(均P<0.01);与神经症患者相比,精神分裂症患者MAS-A总分及各因子分明显较低,差异有统计学意义(均P<0.01).结论 修订版元认知量表的信度和效度尚可,可用于精神疾病人群的元认知能力评估.%Objective To explore the application of the abbreviated metacognitive assessment scale (MAS-A) in patients with schizophrenia and neurosis.Methods With the aid of the Indiana Psychiatric Ill-ness Interview (IPII),115 schizophrenic patients and 89 neurotic patients were assessed using the MAS-A,and compared the group difference of MAS-A scores.All patients were also tested with the theory of mind picture sequencing task (ToM-PST).The criterion-related validity was evaluated using of correlated MAS-A total-score with ToM-PST total-score.31 neurotic patients and 34 schizophrenic patients were measured after one month to compute the test-retest reliability.Results The reliability analysis showed that the Cronbach α-coefficients for MAS-A of total sample,schizophrenic group and

  12. BUSINESS ENGLISH OUTSIDE THE BOX. BUSINESS JARGON AND ABBREVIATIONS IN BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

    OpenAIRE

    Pop Anamaria-Mirabela; Sim Monica-Ariana

    2014-01-01

    Business English is commonly understood language, yet Harvard Business Review called business jargon “The Silent Killer of Big Companies”. As we all have been taught in school, we are aware of the fact that in communication we must comply with linguistic rules so that our message gets across succinctly. Yet, there is one place where all these rules can be omitted (at least in the recent decades): the corporate office. Here, one can use euphemisms and clichés, can capitalize any word that is c...

  13. Development of an abbreviated version of the delirium motor subtyping scale (DMSS-4)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meagher, D; Adamis, D; Leonard, M; Trzepacz, P; Grover, S; Jabbar, F; Meehan, K; O'Connor, M; Cronin, C; Reynolds, P; Fitzgerald, J; O'Regan, N; Timmons, S; Slor, C; de Jonghe, J; de Jonghe, A; van Munster, B C; de Rooij, S E; Maclullich, A

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common neuropsychiatric syndrome with considerable heterogeneity in clinical profile. Identification of clinical subtypes can allow for more targeted clinical and research efforts. We sought to develop a brief method for clinical subtyping in clinical and research settings.

  14. 21 CFR 314.127 - Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... changes in inactive ingredients or composition that may adversely affect a drug product's safety or... active ingredients thereby affecting the safety of the drug product, or a change in the lipophilic... contains the same inactive ingredients, other than preservatives, buffers, and antioxidants, in the...

  15. 21 CFR 314.94 - Content and format of an abbreviated application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... have not been adversely affected. (B) The unchanged active ingredients in the proposed drug product are... ingredients do not affect the safety or efficacy of the proposed drug product. (iii) Inactive ingredient... seek approval of a drug product that differs from the reference listed drug in preservative, buffer,...

  16. 75 FR 44977 - General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact Statement, Roosevelt-Vanderbilt...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-30

    ...: Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site (NHS); Eleanor Roosevelt NHS; and Vanderbilt Mansion NHS. The three national historic sites are combined into a single administrative unit, but...

  17. Applicability of the abbreviated neuropsychologic battery (NEUROPSI) in Alzheimer disease patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrisqueta-Gomez, Jacqueline; Ostrosky-Solis, Feggy; Bertolucci, Paulo H F; Bueno, Orlando F A

    2008-01-01

    NEUROPSI is a brief neuropsychologic battery developed to briefly assess a wide spectrum of cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to examine the applicability of a Portuguese version of this battery and verify the efficacy in detecting cognitive impairment in Alzheimer disease (AD) patients. NEUROPSI was applied to 75 elderly people, 25 patients with probable AD in mild stage (AD1), 25 patients in moderate stage (AD2), and 25 healthy elderly persons (control group), matched with the AD patients for age and schooling. Before testing all participants were applied the Mini-Mental State Examination. Results showed significant differences in total scores of the tests; NEUROPSI (PNEUROPSI is an efficient instrument for detecting AD patients in the initial stage of the disease. PMID:18317250

  18. Abbreviated report of the NIH/NINDS workshop on sudden unexpected death in epilepsy

    OpenAIRE

    Hirsch, L J; Donner, E.J.; So, E. L.; M. Jacobs; Nashef, L.; Noebels, J.L.; Buchhalter, J.R.

    2011-01-01

    Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a devastating complication of epilepsy and is not rare. The NIH and National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke sponsored a 3-day multidisciplinary workshop to advance research into SUDEP and its prevention. Parallel sessions were held: one with a focus on the science of SUDEP, and the other with a focus on issues related to the education of health care practitioners and people with epilepsy. This report summarizes the discussions and...

  19. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 989 - Glossary of References, Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the United States include American Samoa, Guam, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Island, Navassa... of 1969 42 U.S.C. 7506(c), Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 42 U.S.C. 13101(b), Pollution Prevention..., Federal Compliance with Pollution Control Standards. Executive Order 12114, Environmental Effects...

  20. Clinical utility of Standardised Assessment of Personality - Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS) among patients with first episode depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bukh, Jens Drachmann; Bock, Camilla; Vinberg, Maj;

    2010-01-01

    , by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders. RESULTS: We found, that a cut-off of 3 on the screen correctly identified the presence of comorbid personality disorder in 73.1% of the patients. The sensitivity and specificity were 0.80 and 0.70, respectively. LIMITATIONS: The findings cannot...

  1. 40 CFR 1065.1005 - Symbols, abbreviations, acronyms, and units of measure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the following prefixes to define a quantity: Symbol Quantity Value µ micro 10− 6 m milli 10− 3 c centi... measured quantity. out quantity out. part partial quantity. PDP positive-displacement pump. ref reference.... NISTNational Institute for Standards and Technology. PDPpositive-displacement pump. PEMSportable...

  2. 77 FR 12877 - Record of Decision for the General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... unfragmented backcountry forest. Addresses the long-term preservation needs of the park's cultural resources... Service. BILLING CODE 4310-YP-P ... Impact Statement for New River Gorge National River, West Virginia AGENCY: National Park...

  3. 21 CFR 314.440 - Addresses for applications and abbreviated applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the intended office or division and to the person as follows: Office of Generic Drugs, Center for Drug..., and amendments, supplements, and resubmissions should be directed to the Office of Generic Drugs (HFD... Place, rm. 150, Rockville, MD 20855. The mail code for the Office of Generic Drugs is HFD-600, the...

  4. 32 CFR Attachment 1 to Part 855 - Glossary of References, Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Permits AFI 13-201, Air Force Airspace Management AFI 32-7061(32 CFR part 989), Environmental Impact... Transactions at Base Level FAR, Part 121, Certification and Operation: Domestic, Flag, and Supplemental Air.... FAR Federal Aviation Regulation. FMS Foreign Military Sales. FOA Field Operating Agency. FSDO...

  5. 77 FR 35691 - Notice of Withdrawal of Certain Unapproved Abbreviated New Drug Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    ... Prednisone. 83756 Piperazine citrate. 83772 Pyridoxine hydrochloride. 83864 Secobarbital sodium. 83865... Tetracycline hydrochloride. 60913 Dicloxacillin sodium. 60919 Neomycin sulfate; bacitracin. 60965 Neomycin sulfate; polymyxin b sulfates; bacitracin. 61046 Penicillin g sodium. 61091 Phenethicillin...

  6. 21 CFR 314.105 - Approval of an application and an abbreviated application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... labeling prior to marketing. (c) FDA will approve an application after it determines that the drug meets... not be introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce until approval of...

  7. 76 FR 62089 - General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact Statement, New River Gorge...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-06

    ... providing a north-south through-park hike-and-bike trail, enhancing existing scenic roads, and building new... cultural and interpretive resource focal areas, establish a north-south through- park connector of scenic roads and trails, develop partnerships with gateway communities, and improve rim to river...

  8. 14 CFR Appendix F to Part 60 - Definitions and Abbreviations for Flight Simulation Training Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... road bordered by trees or power lines are regarded as confined areas). Control Sweep—movement of the... definitions found in 14 CFR part 1, as indicated parenthetically End Information Begin QPS Requirements 2...—the angle between the airplane longitudinal axis and the relative wind vector projected onto...

  9. Acronyms; Many Computer Abbreviations for Defining Your Terms Easily. Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tutunjian, John P., Ed.

    Since the electronic data processing industry makes such great use of acronyms, those which are frequently used and those which clearly fit the dictionary definition of "acronym" are listed in this compilation. Omitted are company initials; engineering and scientific terms not directly related to data processing; and military and governmental…

  10. Psychometric Properties of an Abbreviated Instrument of the Five-Factor Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullins-Sweatt, Stephanie N.; Jamerson, Janetta E.; Samuel, Douglas B.; Olson, David R.; Widiger, Thomas A.

    2006-01-01

    Brief measures of the five-factor model (FFM) have been developed but none include an assessment of facets within each domain. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of a simple, one-page, facet-level description of the FFM. Five data collections were completed to assess the reliability and the convergent and discriminant validity…

  11. Inventory of Learning and Study Strategies: Psychometric Analysis of an Abbreviated Version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Liporace, Mercedes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Psychometric analyses on the short version of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (Fernández Liporace, Scheinsohn & Uriel, 2010; Uriel, Stover, Scheinsohn, Contini de González & Fernández Liporace, 2009; Weinstein, Schulte & Palmer, 1987, developed on High School and College students from Buenos Aires, are presented. Its dimensionality was examined by confirmatory factor analysis, obtaining adequate fit indices. Analyses were replicated in sub-samples splitted by educational level and gender, adding a Bootstrap procedure with 500 randomized sub-samples, finding similar results. Factors´ consistency was calculated by α Cronbach and α ordinal, getting acceptable values. The correct psychometric behavior of this short version makes it available to be used in research and professional contexts, in order to follow students across their academic life, from High School to College.

  12. Ontogenetic changes in biochemical composition during larval and early postlarval development of Lepidophthalmus louisianensis, a ghost shrimp with abbreviated development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larvae of the ghost shrimp, Lepidophthalmus louisianensis, were mass-reared under laboratory conditions (28|C; 20o/ooS) from hatching to the decapodid (D) stage. Iatroscan lipid class analysis revealed that polar lipids (Zoea I: 77.4|1.7%; Zoea II: 77.5|2.1%; Decapodid: 80.0|1.7%...

  13. Abbreviated incubation times for human prions in mice expressing a chimeric mouse–human prion protein transgene

    OpenAIRE

    Korth, Carsten; Kaneko, Kiyotoshi; Groth, Darlene; Heye, Norbert; Telling, Glenn; Mastrianni, James; Parchi, Piero; Gambetti, Pierluigi; Will, Robert; Ironside, James; Heinrich, Cornelia; Tremblay, Patrick; Stephen J DeArmond; Prusiner, Stanley B.

    2003-01-01

    Transgenic (Tg) mouse lines that express chimeric mouse–human prion protein (PrP), designated MHu2M, are susceptible to prions from patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (sCJD). With the aim of decreasing the incubation time to fewer than 200 days, we constructed transgenes in which one or more of the nine human residues in MHu2M were changed to mouse. The construct with murine residues at positions 165 and 167 was expressed in Tg(MHu2M,M165V,E167Q) mice and resulted in shortening ...

  14. 78 FR 43210 - Bracco Diagnostics et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 52 New Drug Applications and 77 Abbreviated...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... Inamrinone Lactate Hospira, Inc. Injection, 5 mg/mL. ANDA 074629 Iopamidol Injection Baxter Healthcare USP, 41%, 51%, 61%, Corp. and 76%. ANDA 074637 Iopamidol Injection Hospira, Inc. USP, 61%. ANDA 074753... Hospira, Inc. Injection, 5 mg/mL. ANDA 075005 Iopamidol Injection Do. USP, 51%, 61%, and 76%. ANDA...

  15. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory and Development of an Abbreviated Version: The CFNI-45

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parent, Mike C.; Moradi, Bonnie

    2010-01-01

    The present study undertakes the first factor analysis of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory (CFNI) conducted since the instrument's development. Confirmatory factor analysis using data from 243 women offered mixed support for the original 84-item CFNI structure and pointed to ways to modify the structure and reduce the length of the…

  16. An Abbreviated Tool for Assessing Feminine Norm Conformity: Psychometric Properties of the Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parent, Mike C.; Moradi, Bonnie

    2011-01-01

    The Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory-45 (CFNI-45; Parent & Moradi, 2010) is an important tool for assessing level of conformity to feminine gender norms and for investigating the implications of such norms for women's functioning. The authors of the present study assessed the factor structure, measurement invariance, reliability, and…

  17. 77 FR 51816 - Notice of Opportunity To Withdraw Abbreviated New Drug Applications To Avoid Backlog Fee Obligations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-27

    ... written notification to the ANDA archival file at the following address: Office of Generic Drugs, Center.... Designed to speed delivery of safe and effective generic drugs to the public and reduce costs to industry... backlog fee that was established through enactment of the Generic Drug User Fee Amendments of 2012...

  18. 藏语盲文及简写研究探讨%On Tibetan-Language Braille and Its Abbreviations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华; 韩萍; 高旭; 何川

    2011-01-01

    藏族盲人需要科学实用的藏语盲文和简写方案.我国目前还没有成熟的藏语盲文方案.现有的两套盲文方案不符合触觉阅读规律和藏语语言规律.藏语盲文研究应把研制基本方案和简写方案同时进行,要充分发挥后发优势.根据藏语字母拼合规律、使用频率,布莱尔符号的触觉可感性设计字母符号,整体优化藏语盲文的触觉品质.藏语盲文要实现藏语字母使用规律与布莱尔符号触觉规律相结合,形成科学、简明的藏语盲文及简写方案.

  19. Abbreviated report of the critical analysis of the spent nuclear fuel project's activity-based cost estimate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1997, the SNFP developed a baseline change request (BCR) and submitted it to DOE-RL for approval. The schedule was formally evaluated to have a 19% probability of success [Williams, 1998]. In December 1997, DOE-RL Manager John Wagoner approved the BCR contingent upon a subsequent independent review of the new baseline. The SNFP took several actions during the first quarter of 1998 to prepare for the independent review. The project developed the Estimating Requirements and Implementation Guide [DESH, 1998] and trained cost account managers (CAMS) and other personnel involved in the estimating process in activity-based cost (ABC) estimating techniques. The SNFP then applied ABC estimating techniques to develop the basis for the December Baseline (DB) and documented that basis in Basis of Estimate (BOE) books. These BOEs were provided to DOE in April 1998. DOE commissioned Professional Analysis, Inc. (PAI) to perform a critical analysis (CA) of the DB. PAI's review formally began on April 13. PAI performed the CA, provided three sets of findings to the SNFP contractor, and initiated reconciliation meetings. During the course of PAI's review, DOE directed the SNFP to develop a new baseline with a higher probability of success. The contractor transmitted the new baseline, which is referred to as the High Probability Baseline (HPB), to DOE on April 15, 1998 [Williams, 1998]. The HPB was estimated to approach a 90% confidence level on the start of fuel movement [Williams, 1998]. This high probability resulted in an increased cost and a schedule extension. To implement the new baseline, the contractor initiated 26 BCRs with supporting BOES. PAI's scope was revised on April 28 to add reviewing the HPB and the associated BCRs and BOES

  20. An abbreviated protocol for multilineage neural differentiation of murine embryonic stem cells and its perturbation by methyl mercury.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Theunissen, P.T.; Schulpen, S.; van Dartel, D.A.M.; Hermsen, S.A.B.; van Schooten, F.J.; Piersma, A.H.

    2010-01-01

    Alternative assays are highly desirable to reduce the extensive experimental animal use in developmental toxicity testing. In the present study, we developed an improved test system for assessing neurodevelopmental toxicity using differentiating embryonic stem cells. We advanced previously establish

  1. 77 FR 16039 - Abbott Laboratories et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 35 New Drug Applications and 64 Abbreviated...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... FR 17168, April 4, 2005; 71 FR 70870, December 7, 2006). Therefore, under section 505(e) of the... Tablets. 1000, Montville, NJ 07045. NDA 020984 Raplon (rapacuronium Organon USA Inc., bromide) for 2000... (base), and 100 mg Lake, NJ 07677 (base). ANDA 080997 Succinylcholine Organon USA Inc....

  2. 首字母缩写商标的利弊%Benefit and Abuse of First Letter Abbreviation Trademarks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨敏锋

    2009-01-01

    @@ 一、问题的提出 在英文商标中,很多名字比较长的公司采用将公司名称的数个词汇中的首字母组合而成一个商标.这样的例子比比皆是,如IBM是International Business Machine(国际商用机器)的缩写,;TCL是Today China Lion(今日中国雄狮)的缩写,GM为General Motors(通用汽车)的缩写;BBC是British Broadcasting Company(英国广播公司)的缩写;KFC是Kentucky Fried Chicken(肯塔基炸鸡)的缩写;BMW是德文Bayerische Motoren Werke(巴伐利亚摩托工厂)的缩写等.

  3. Evaluating the Measurement Structure of the Abbreviated HIV Stigma Scale in a Sample of African Americans Living with HIV/AIDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Eboneé T.; Yaghmaian, Rana A.; Best, Andrew; Chan, Fong; Burrell, Reginald, Jr.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to validate the 10-item version of the HIV Stigma Scale (HSS-10) in a sample of African Americans with HIV/AIDS. Method: One hundred and ten African Americans living with HIV/AIDS were recruited from 3 case management agencies in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Measurement structure of the HSS-10 was evaluated using…

  4. Abbreviated Report of the WHO Western Pacific Region Workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition: Key Elements for Success, Constraints and Future Plans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    A workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Constraints, Key Elements for Success, and Future Plans was convened and organized by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific in collaboration with the Institute for Medical Research Malaysia and co-sponsored with FAO and UNICEF from 25—29 October 1999. It was attended by representatives of 25 countries in the region and resource persons, representatives from WHO and other international agencies. The objectives of the workshop were to review the progress of countries in developing, implementing and monitoring national plans of action for nutrition (NPANs) in the Western Pacific Region and to identify constraints and key elements of success in these efforts. Most of the countries have NPANs, either approved and implemented or awaiting official endorsement. The Plan formulation is usually multisectoral, involving several government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and international agencies. Often official adoption or endorsement of the Plan comes from the head of state and cabinet or the minister of health, one to six years from the start of its formulation. The NPAN has stimulated support for the development and implementation of nutrition projects and activities, with comparatively greater involvement of and more support from government ministries, UN agencies and non-governmental agencies compared to local communities, bilateral and private sectors and research and academic institutions. Monitoring and evaluation are important components of NPANs. They are, however, not given high priority and often not built into the plan. The role of an intersectoral coordinating body is considered crucial to a country's nutrition program. Most countries have an intersectoral structure or coordinating body to ensure the proper implementation, monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.

  5. Abbreviated Report of the WHO Western Pacific Region Workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Key Elements for Success ,Constraints and Future plans

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E-SIONGTEE

    2001-01-01

    A workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Constraints,Key Elements for Sucess,and Futrue Plans was convened and organized by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific in collaboration with the Institute for Medical Research Malasysia and Co-Sponsored with FAO and UNICEF from 25-29 October 1999,It was attended by representatives of 25 coutries in the region and resource persons,representatives form WHO and other international agencies,The objectives of the workshop were to review the progress of countries in developing,implementing and monitoring national plans of action for nutrition(NPANs) in the Western Pacific Region and to identify constraints and key elements of success in these efforts.Most of the countries have NPANs,either approved and implemented or awaiting official endorsement.The Plan formulation is usually multisectoral,involving several government ministries.non-governmental organizations,and international agencies,Ofter official adoption or endorsement of the Plan comes from the head of state and cabinet or the minister of health,one to six years from the stat of its formulation,The NPAn has stiumlated support for the development and implementation of nutrition projects and activities,with comparatively greater involvement of and more support from government ministries,NU agencies and non-governmental a gencies compared to local communities,bilateral and private sectors and research and academic institutions.Monitoring and evaluation are importand components of NPANs.They are,however,not given high priority and often not bulit into the plan.The role of an intersectoral coordinating body is considered crucial to a coutry's nutrition program.Most countries have an intersectoral structure or coordinating body to ensure the proper impleentation,monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.The workshop identified the constraints and key elements of success in each of the four stages of the NPAN process:development,operationalization,implementation,and monitoring and evaluation,Constraints to the NPAN process relate to the political and socioeconomic environmant,resource scarcity,control and management processes,and factors related to sustainability.The group's review of NPAN identified successful NPANs as those based on recent adequate and good quality information on the nutritional situation of the country,and on the selection of strategies,priorities and interventions that are relevant to the country and backed up by adequate resources,Continued high leve political commitment,a multisectoral approach,and adequate participation of local communities are other key elements for success.The participants agreed on future actions and support needed from various sources for the further development ,implementation.monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.The recommendations for future actions were categorized into actions pertaining to countries with working NPAN,actions for countries without working NPAN and actions relevant to all countries.There was also a set of suggested actions at the regional level,such as holding of regular regional NPAN evaluation meetings inclusion of NPAN on the agenda of regional fora by the regional organizations,and strengthening of regional nutrition networks.

  6. Validation of an abbreviated Vitalpac™ Early Warning Score (ViEWS) in 75,419 consecutive admissions to a Canadian regional hospital.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kellett, John

    2012-03-01

    The early warning score derived from 198,755 vital sign sets in the Vitalpac™ database (ViEWS) has an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC) for death of acute unselected medical patients within 24h of 88%.

  7. 21 CFR 314.107 - Effective date of approval of a 505(b)(2) application or abbreviated new drug application under...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... submit a copy of the entry of the order or judgment to the Office of Generic Drugs (HFD-600), or to the... to FDA's Office of Generic Drugs (HFD-600). A 505(b)(2) applicant shall send the notification to the... will not be infringed and the application is for a generic copy of the same listed drug for which...

  8. 简写是汉语盲文升级的必由之路%Abbreviation: the Way to Upgrade Chinese Braille

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华

    2005-01-01

    由于受到触觉感知速度和灵敏性的限制,加之盲文自身结构的局限性,阅读速度慢是各国盲文的共同特点.通过简写方案,可以减少盲文表达的方数,间接提高盲文的阅读、书写速度.简写对汉语盲文还有特殊的意义,简写符形代表固定的汉字,可以有效的区分高频同音词.简写可以提高汉语盲文的精确性、简明性,是盲文从低级形态向高级形态过渡的必由之路,对发展盲人先进文化有积极的意义.英语盲文的改革是简写方案的改革,而不是基本方案的更迭,这非常值得汉语盲文改革借鉴.

  9. 关于汉语盲文简写方案的调查%A Survey on the Abbreviation Scheme of Current-using Chinese Braille

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华; 韩萍; 郝传萍; 李朝煦

    2009-01-01

    对试用2个月的64名初中盲生进行问卷调查,发现87.51%的初中生认为学习简写方案没有困难.对22名盲文教师、30名盲人大学生、7名盲文出版工作者进行小组访谈,结论是:没有科学性错误,符号没有歧义;中的方案(一)部分简单明了、好学好用,但定型简写词的记忆量过大,希望其经进一步修订后推广.

  10. An abbreviated MLVA identifies Escherichia coli ST131 as the major extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing lineage in the Copenhagen area

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, J. B.; Albayati, A.; Jørgensen, R. L.;

    2013-01-01

    Rapid bacterial typing is a valuable and necessary tool in the prevention and detection of outbreaks. The purpose of this study was to adapt a multilocus variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA) for analysis on a benchtop capillary electrophoresis instrument and compare the modified assay...... community-onset infections (COI), regardless of the ST. Patients with COI were significantly more often of female gender and younger age compared to healthcare-associated infections (HCAI) and hospital-onset infections (HOI). In conclusion, the modified MLVA is a useful tool for the rapid typing of E. coli...

  11. Nano Revolution--Big Impact: How Emerging Nanotechnologies Will Change the Future of Education and Industry in America (and More Specifically in Oklahoma). An Abbreviated Account

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holley, Steven E.

    2009-01-01

    Scientists are creating new and amazing materials by manipulating molecules at the ultra-small scale of 0.1 to 100 nanometers. Nanosize super particles demonstrate powerful and unprecedented electrical, chemical, and mechanical properties. This study examines how nanotechnology, as the multidisciplinary engineering of novel nanomaterials into…

  12. Abbreviated exposure to hypoxia is sufficient to induce CNS dysmyelination, modulate spinal motor neuron composition, and impair motor development in neonatal mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watzlawik, Jens O; Kahoud, Robert J; O'Toole, Ryan J; White, Katherine A M; Ogden, Alyssa R; Painter, Meghan M; Wootla, Bharath; Papke, Louisa M; Denic, Aleksandar; Weimer, Jill M; Carey, William A; Rodriguez, Moses

    2015-01-01

    Neonatal white matter injury (nWMI) is an increasingly common cause of cerebral palsy that results predominantly from hypoxic injury to progenitor cells including those of the oligodendrocyte lineage. Existing mouse models of nWMI utilize prolonged periods of hypoxia during the neonatal period, require complex cross-fostering and exhibit poor growth and high mortality rates. Abnormal CNS myelin composition serves as the major explanation for persistent neuro-motor deficits. Here we developed a simplified model of nWMI with low mortality rates and improved growth without cross-fostering. Neonatal mice are exposed to low oxygen from postnatal day (P) 3 to P7, which roughly corresponds to the period of human brain development between gestational weeks 32 and 36. CNS hypomyelination is detectable for 2-3 weeks post injury and strongly correlates with levels of body and brain weight loss. Immediately following hypoxia treatment, cell death was evident in multiple brain regions, most notably in superficial and deep cortical layers as well as the subventricular zone progenitor compartment. PDGFαR, Nkx2.2, and Olig2 positive oligodendrocyte progenitor cell were significantly reduced until postnatal day 27. In addition to CNS dysmyelination we identified a novel pathological marker for adult hypoxic animals that strongly correlates with life-long neuro-motor deficits. Mice reared under hypoxia reveal an abnormal spinal neuron composition with increased small and medium diameter axons and decreased large diameter axons in thoracic lateral and anterior funiculi. Differences were particularly pronounced in white matter motor tracts left and right of the anterior median fissure. Our findings suggest that 4 days of exposure to hypoxia are sufficient to induce experimental nWMI in CD1 mice, thus providing a model to test new therapeutics. Pathological hallmarks of this model include early cell death, decreased OPCs and hypomyelination in early postnatal life, followed by dysmyelination, abnormal spinal neuron composition, and neuro-motor deficits in adulthood.

  13. "I Actually Contributed to Their Research": The Influence of an Abbreviated Summer Apprenticeship Program in Science and Engineering for Diverse High-School Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgin, Stephen R.; McConnell, William J.; Flowers, Alonzo M., III

    2015-01-01

    This study describes an investigation of a research apprenticeship program that we developed for diverse high-school students often underrepresented in similar programs and in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) professions. Through the apprenticeship program, students spent 2 weeks in the summer engaged in biofuels-related research…

  14. 广播电视媒体使用外文缩略语的受众态度调查%A Survey on Audience Attitudes Towards Foreign Abbreviations in Radio and Television Broadcasting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张荻

    2015-01-01

    本文采用问卷法对广播电视媒体使用外文缩略语的受众态度进行调查,调查分为四个部分:受众对外文缩略语的知晓和使用情况,受众对广播电视使用外文缩略语的态度,受众自身使用习惯是否影响其对媒体的态度,不同群体的态度差异和影响因素测量.调查结论明确了受众的语言态度,可为广播电视媒体外文缩略语的使用规范提供参考.

  15. The Impact of Postmodernism on the Phenomenon of Deconstructive Abbreviation in Russian%后现代主义对俄语去缩略语化现象的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈欢; 杨可

    2011-01-01

    受西方后现代主义思潮的影响,当代俄语中出现了一些新的语言现象或者原有的语言现象的活跃化过程,其中包括去缩略语化现象的活跃化过程.本文具体分析了后现代主义思潮及其流派解构主义对俄语去缩略语化过程的影响,从深层次揭示了去缩略语化现象的生成机制和建构本质.

  16. 汉语现行盲文单音节的简写研究%Research on the Abbreviation of Uni-syllables in Currently-used Chinese Braille

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华; 韩萍; 李伟洪; 金惠淑; 肖航; 孔志清; 李任炜

    2007-01-01

    现行盲文的简写研究应在继承基本方案简写因素的基础上创新,在兼顾拼音规律与盲文摸读规律的基础上提高简写效益.唇音"b、p、m、f"表示音节"bu、pu、mu、fu"的简写;舌尖中音"d、t、n、l"表示"的"、"他"、"能"、"了"的简写;舌面后音"g、k、h"表示音节"ge、ke、he"的简写.单音节的简写都可以根据相应的规则应用在多音节词中.

  17. Optimization Abbreviation Design for Multi-syllable Words in Current-using Chinese Braille%现行盲文多音节词简写的优选设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华

    2009-01-01

    现行盲文多音节词的简写只能使用多方符号的组合.同时具备三个优选条件的符号组合才能作为多音节词简写的优选符号.符合四个优选条件之一的常用词即可作为优选简写词,通过简写效率公式进行定量分析,通过语言学家、盲文专家进行定性分析,再征求10所实验盲校师生的意见,优选设计了71个多音节词的简写符号.在记忆负担较小的前提下,总简写效率达到了7.57%.

  18. A Research on the Abbreviation of Frequently Used Double-syllables in Current Chinese Braille%汉语现行盲文双音节高频词的简写研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华

    2008-01-01

    双音节高频词是汉语盲文简写方案的主体.声声简写符合汉语拼音的特点,与多数计算机输入法相吻合.前加点是英语盲文简写的常见形式.现行盲文也可以在被简写词的核心符号前加点、后加点进行简写.本研究实现了双音节词与简写符号的一一对应,词形是固定的,声调符号也暗含其中.简写符号既不存在读音猜谜、也不存在词义猜谜问题.

  19. 汉语现行盲文双音节同音词简写的研究%A Study on the Abbreviation of Double-syllable Homonyms in Current Chinese Braille

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟经华

    2007-01-01

    双音节词占现代汉语词汇的绝对多数,现行盲文混淆词也主要是双音节词.对现行盲文双音节同音词进行简写能够提高盲文的阅读、书写速度,能够区分同音词.本研究在5,000常用词内筛选出需要简写的同音词39组,首音节必须标调的同音词4组,极高频同音词9组,四字同调词10组,其他高频同音词16组.本研究中,57个词是通过约定标调方式进行简写的,10个词是通过加一方(第23点)进行简写的.

  20. Accelerated/abbreviated test methods for predicting life of solar cell encapsulants to Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology for the encapsulation task of the low-cost solar array project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolyer, J. M.

    1978-01-01

    An important principle is that encapsulants should be tested in a total array system allowing realistic interaction of components. Therefore, micromodule test specimens were fabricated with a variety of encapsulants, substrates, and types of circuitry. One common failure mode was corrosion of circuitry and solar cell metallization due to moisture penetration. Another was darkening and/or opacification of encapsulant. A test program plan was proposed. It includes multicondition accelerated exposure. Another method was hyperaccelerated photochemical exposure using a solar concentrator. It simulates 20 year of sunlight exposure in a short period of one to two weeks. The study was beneficial in identifying some cost effective encapsulants and array designs.

  1. Separation,Purification and Structure Identification of a Saponin from Momordica charantia L.Var.abbreviate Ser%癞葡萄皂苷的分离、纯化及其结构鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵明禹; 陶冠军; 顾小红; 汤坚; 蒋超

    2008-01-01

    分别使用AB-8大孔树脂、C18填料柱,从癞葡萄醇提取物中分离纯化癞葡萄皂苷,并用高效液相色谱法测定所得化合物的相对含量,最后使用质谱、核磁共振的方法对其分子结构进行了鉴定.结果成功分离纯化出一种皂苷,经测定,该皂苷的纯度为95.70%,结构鉴定为葫芦烷-5-烯-3β,22,23,24,25-四羟基-3-O-3-β-D-吡喃葡萄糖(1→6)-D-吡喃葡萄糖苷.

  2. Travelers' Health: Immunocompromised Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... levels Abbreviations: NRTI, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; NNRTI, nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. 1 Adapted from Table 2 ... inhibitors Abbreviations: NRTI, nucleoside reverse transcriptase ... NNRTI, nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. 1 Adapted from Table 2 ...

  3. Progress on Radioactive Waste Treatment Facilities Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In 2011, five projects were undertaken by radioactive waste projects management department, which are "Cold Commissioning of the Pilot Project on Radioactive Waste Retrieval and Conditioning (abbreviation 'Pilot Project')", "Radioactive Ventilation Project Construction (abbreviation 'Ventilation

  4. Acronym master list

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This document is a master list of acronyms and other abbreviations that are used by or could be useful to, the personnel at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Many specialized and well-known abbreviations are not included in this list.

  5. СЛОВОСЛОЖЕНИЕ И АББРЕВИАЦИЯ: СХОДСТВО И РАЗЛИЧИЯ (НА МАТЕРИАЛЕ СОВРЕМЕННОГО АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА)

    OpenAIRE

    Дюжикова, Е.

    1995-01-01

    The article "Compounding and Abbreviation: Likeness and Difference" is devoted to correlation of English compounding and abbreviation. Through investigation of their typical features showed that both phenomena present the forming field of secondary nomination units but at the same time abbreviation is a very specific word-formation process.

  6. Análise da eficácia do metilfenidato usando a versão abreviada do questionário de conners em transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade Analysis of the methylphenidate's efficacy using the abbreviated version Conners' questionnaire in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    OpenAIRE

    Ênio Roberto de Andrade; Claudia Scheuer

    2004-01-01

    O transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH) é quadro diagnóstico bastante complexo, de início precoce, com evolução crônica que repercute em diversos contextos. Três a 5% das crianças em idade escolar apresentam esse transtorno. O questionário de Conners vem sendo utilizado como instrumento de levantamento epidemiológico para o TDAH. OBJETIVO: Este estudo visa a utilização deste instrumento para a análise da eficácia do tratamento com metilfenidato em crianças com TDAH. MÉTODO: F...

  7. 40 CFR 415.311 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AND STANDARDS INORGANIC CHEMICALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Calcium Hydroxide Production..., the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401...

  8. 40 CFR 407.11 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS CANNED AND PRESERVED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Juice..., the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401...

  9. 40 CFR 407.31 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS CANNED AND PRESERVED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Citrus Products..., the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401...

  10. 40 CFR 407.21 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS CANNED AND PRESERVED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Apple Products..., the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401...

  11. 14 CFR 63.53 - Knowledge requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., including flight planning and cruise control; (3) Practical meteorology, including analysis of weather maps, weather reports, and weather forecasts; and weather sequence abbreviations, symbols, and nomenclature;...

  12. A High Precision Prediction Model Using Hybrid Grey Dynamic Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Guo-Dong; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Nagai, Masatake; Masuda, Shiro

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a new prediction analysis model which combines the first order one variable Grey differential equation Model (abbreviated as GM(1,1) model) from grey system theory and time series Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model from statistics theory. We abbreviate the combined GM(1,1) ARIMA model as ARGM(1,1)…

  13. Hesitating progress

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høyrup, Jens

    2010-01-01

    From the early fourteenth century onward, some Italian Abbacus manuscripts begin to use particular abbreviations for algebraic operations and objects and, to be distinguished from that, examples of symbolic operation. The algebraic abbreviations and symbolic operations we find in German Rechenmei...

  14. 76 FR 6143 - Draft Guidance on Positron Emission Tomography Drug Applications-Content and Format for New Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ... Applications--Content and Format for New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Availability...) is announcing the availability of a draft guidance entitled ``PET Drug Applications-- Content and... Content and Format of New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications for Certain...

  15. Abreviasi dalam Bahasa Inggris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arie Andrasyah Isa

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available This study is concerned with a productive word-form process in the morphologicallevel, such as abbreviation. Through the process of the word form, I intend to find out how tomake new words in using the abbreviation in English. Besides, I intend to review the conceptof abbreviation. The aim of this study is also to observe how the abbreviation can form newwords. The data employed in this study are from newspaper Jakarta Post and Kompas, andexamples provided by the related linguists. With the data exemplified by the linguists andbased on their discussion on abbreviation, I think there are some mistakes on information anddefinitions provided by them about the abbreviation. Hence, I try to present and find out newinformation about the abbreviation and its types morphologically. As the result of this study,there are 16 types of abbreviation. They are (1 acronyms, (2 part acronyms, (3 amalgam,(4 blends, (5 loan blends, (6 element blends, (7 part-whole blends, (8 lexical blends, (9separated blends, (10 contraction, (11 letter symbol, (12 clippings, (13 alphabetism, (14sycronyms, (15 acronym coinages, and (16 analogical forms.

  16. 21 CFR 26.41 - Exchange and endorsement of quality system evaluation reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN MEDICAL DEVICE PRODUCT EVALUATION REPORTS: UNITED STATES...; (2) Abbreviated reports of quality systems surveillance audits. (c) If the abbreviated reports do not provide sufficient information, the importing party may request additional clarification from the CAB....

  17. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field / Development of technology to treat aquatic environment by using microorganisms fixed on carbon fabrics (abbreviation: carbon/aquatic environment project) (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / tanso sen`i nansoshiki eno biseibutsu kochaku gensho wo riyoshita mizukankyo seibi gijutsu no kaihatsu (ryakusho: tanso mizu kankyo project) daiichi nendo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Out of the development of technology to arrange the aquatic environment using phenomena of microorganism fixation on carbon fiber soft textures, the paper stated the fiscal 1997 result. On carbon fibers in a state of swaying in water, microorganisms in water fix in an amazingly large quantity. A catalog was compiled of 58 kinds of carbon fabrics trially woven and knitted. When carbon fiber is used as activated sludge carrier, activity of microorganism lasts more than one year. Only a little amount of surplus sludge is generated. The fixed microorganisms are more active in case of carbon fiber than in case of nylon and polyester fibers. Fiber texture models of carbon fiber fixing activated sludge groups were proposed. By pump operation, the water flow inside/outside microorganism groups is being accelerated. Several new strains of bacillus carboniphilus were isolated/identified from soil and marsh. To grasp relationships of characteristics among three elements such as the state of aquatic environment, fiber, and microorganism group, the experiment was prepared. Preliminary work is conducted to derive a simple equation for facility design, and experimental directions to obtain design conditions were proposed. 6 refs., 166 figs., 47 tabs.

  18. Depth $0$ Nonsingular Morse Smale flows on $S^3$

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Bin

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we first develope the concept of Lyapunov graph to weighted Lyapunov graph (abbreviated as WLG) for nonsingular Morse-Smale flows (abbreviated as NMS flows) on $S^3$. WLG is quite sensitive to NMS flows on $S^3$. For instance, WLG detect the indexed links of NMS flows. Then we use WLG and some other tools to describe nonsingular Morse-Smale flows without heteroclinic trajectories connecting saddle orbits (abbreviated as depth $0$ NMS flows). It mainly contains the following sev...

  19. Photovoltaic energy systems: Program summary fiscal year 1983

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    An overview of government funded activities in photovoltaic energy conversion research is given. Introductory information, a list of directing organizations, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, and an index of current contractors are given.

  20. 78 FR 20004 - Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: Adjustments to the Allowance System for Controlling HCFC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... Merchant Wholesalers (NAICS code 423730), including air-conditioning (condensing unit, compressors... HCFCs for servicing air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. Acronyms and Abbreviations. The..., Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Montreal Protocol--Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the...

  1. Annual report 2005 - Furnas Centrais Eletricas S.A

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-12-15

    This progress report covers the year of 2005 general activity approaching the following areas: acronyms abbreviations and concepts, company profile, main indicators, company business, corporate performance, corporate governance and sustainable development.

  2. Croton grewioides Baill. (Euphorbiaceae shows antidiarrheal activity in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Dayse Soares da Silva

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviations Used: CG-EtOH: crude ethanolic extract obtained from the aerial parts of C. grewioides; WHO: World Health Organization; ED50: dose of a drug that produces 50% of its maximum effect; Emax: maximum effect

  3. 40 CFR 407.71 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401... formulated sauces, meats and gravies. (j) The term lima beans shall mean the processing of lima beans...

  4. Geomagnetic Principal Magnetic Storms

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The abbreviations used for observatory names are as follows: GEOMAGNETIC OBSERVATORIES Code Station Geomagnetic Latitude ABG Alibag AMS Martin de Vivie. These data...

  5. ATHENA'S PAGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raveenthiran V

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Athena stands for abbreviation of Abstracting and Thoughtful Evaluation of Neonatal Articles; but it is also personified by the contributor. Like Athena of Greek mythology, she distills wisdom from published literature.

  6. Anti-arthritic effects of total flavonoids from Juniperus sabina on complete freund's adjuvant induced arthritis in rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Zhao

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviations used: JSTF: Total flavonoids from Juniperus sabina; CFA: Complete Freund's Adjuvant; TG: Tripterygium glycoside; TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor alpha; IL-1β: Interleukin 1beta; IL-6: Interleukin 6; H and E: Hematoxylin and eosin.

  7. Application of Economy Principle in News English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘红

    2016-01-01

    The economy principle of language obtained full manifestation in news English. This paper presents major ways in which people make news English economic, i.e. using short words, abbreviations, affixes, compounds and words with extended meanings and conversions.

  8. Annual report 2005 - Furnas Centrais Eletricas S.A

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This progress report covers the year of 2005 general activity approaching the following areas: acronyms abbreviations and concepts, company profile, main indicators, company business, corporate performance, corporate governance and sustainable development

  9. 40 CFR 407.51 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS CANNED AND PRESERVED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Dehydrated Potato... provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part...

  10. 40 CFR 407.41 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS CANNED AND PRESERVED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES PROCESSING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Frozen Potato Products..., the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401...

  11. Should Internet Jargon Be Allowed in College Entrance Examinations?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Anyone who has chatted online knows that when the heat is on, brief is best. There is just no time to type out correctly spelled, grammatically gleaming sentenceswhen the gossip gallops across the keyboard. Symbols, jargon, abbreviations, similaritie

  12. Experiment list: DRX014607 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  13. Experiment list: DRX014615 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  14. Experiment list: DRX014611 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  15. Experiment list: DRX014702 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK015 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018 |

  16. 40 CFR 427.21 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AND STANDARDS ASBESTOS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Asbestos-Cement Sheet Subcategory § 427.21... definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart....

  17. 40 CFR 427.11 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AND STANDARDS ASBESTOS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Asbestos-Cement Pipe Subcategory § 427.11... definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart....

  18. Preparation and evaluation of andrographolide solid dispersion vectored by silicon dioxide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dingkun Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviation used: Andro: Andrographolide, BCS: Biopharmaceutics Classification System, SDS: Tetrahydrofuran and Sodium dodecyl sulfate, HPLC: High Performance Liquid Chromatography, SEM: Scanning Electron Microscope, BET: Brumauer–Emmett–Teller, FTIR: Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, XRD: X-ray Diffraction.

  19. 40 CFR 417.41 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to...-10 percent crude glycerine and 90-22 percent water that is a by-product of saponification or...

  20. 7 CFR 91.101 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) COMMODITY LABORATORY TESTING PROGRAMS...: AMS. The abbreviation for the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) agency of the United...

  1. GIS and Its Use%地理信息系统在公共卫生中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宇

    2006-01-01

    @@ 1 Brief introduction of GIS GIS is the abbreviation of Geographic Information Systems. As organized data can be accessed by pointing to a region on a map, GIS has become useful in a wide variety of applications.

  2. 77 FR 38523 - Expedited Approval of Alternative Test Procedures for the Analysis of Contaminants Under the Safe...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-28

    ... Docket is (202) 566-2426. Abbreviations and Acronyms Used in This Action ANOVA: Analysis of Variance APHA... using random effects analysis of variance (ANOVA). The recovery limits were estimated at the...

  3. Biosimilar monoclonal antibodies : The scientific basis for extrapolation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schellekens, Huub; Lietzan, Erika; Faccin, Freddy; Venema, Jaap

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Biosimilars are biologic products that receive authorization based on an abbreviated regulatory application containing comparative quality and nonclinical and clinical data that demonstrate similarity to a licensed biologic product. Extrapolation of safety and efficacy has emerged as a

  4. SASL: A Semantic Annotation System for Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Pingpeng; Wang, Guoyin; Zhang, Qin; Jin, Hai

    Due to ambiguity, search engines for scientific literatures may not return right search results. One efficient solution to the problems is to automatically annotate literatures and attach the semantic information to them. Generally, semantic annotation requires identifying entities before attaching semantic information to them. However, due to abbreviation and other reasons, it is very difficult to identify entities correctly. The paper presents a Semantic Annotation System for Literature (SASL), which utilizes Wikipedia as knowledge base to annotate literatures. SASL mainly attaches semantic to terminology, academic institutions, conferences, and journals etc. Many of them are usually abbreviations, which induces ambiguity. Here, SASL uses regular expressions to extract the mapping between full name of entities and their abbreviation. Since full names of several entities may map to a single abbreviation, SASL introduces Hidden Markov Model to implement name disambiguation. Finally, the paper presents the experimental results, which confirm SASL a good performance.

  5. 40 CFR 424.51 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS FERROALLOY MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Other Calcium Carbide Furnaces Subcategory § 424.51... definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart....

  6. INIS: Authority List for Journal Titles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the nineteenth revision of the INIS: Authority List for Journal Titles (IAEA-INIS-11). It lists 10,797 journal titles which have contained articles within the scope of INIS. The purpose of this Authority List is to provide descriptive cataloguers with a standard abbreviation for journal titles and to assist users of INIS products with a tool for verifying the full title of a journal. A journal, or periodical, is generally published within a defined, fixed interval between issues, which usually has more than one issue a year, and which usually includes a mixture of articles, letters, summaries, etc. Within this definition, annuals such as Annual Review of Nuclear Science are included. Series titles as, for example the McGraw-Hill Series in Nuclear Engineering, are not included in this Authority. Entries: Each entry consists of: - the full journal title (highlighted); - the abbreviated title; - ISSN, if available; - CODEN, if available; - additional information related to the journal title. Arrangement: In Part I, the full journal titles are grouped by country or international organization name and ordered alphabetically, followed by the ISSN, the CODEN in square brackets if available, and then the abbreviated title. The abbreviated title is based on the rules of ISO 4: Documentation - International Code for the Abbreviation of Titles of Periodicals. The abbreviations of the words are taken from the ISDS List of Periodical Title Word Abbreviation. In Part II, the order of the citations is reversed: the abbreviated journal titles are arranged alphabetically, followed by country code. Then the full journal titles are followed by the country of publication, and if available, ISSN and CODEN. Additional Information: There is important information related to the journal titles which are fundamental for tracing the history of the title and the present status. They are listed below and are entered whenever applicable: - Ceased publication; - Superseded by

  7. The peculiarities of medical scientific neologisms translation from english to ukrainian

    OpenAIRE

    Коновалова, Вікторія Борисівна

    2013-01-01

    In the pursuit of fidelity and equivalence at the word level a translator must face numerous problems. This article provides a contribution to the issue of handling abbreviations and acronyms in medical translation, which are one of the most problematic lexical groups. The article deals with the translation of medical terminology, especially neologisms, abbreviations and acronyms that are an objective translational problem that can cause serious difficulties despite the professional interpret...

  8. Txt2MEDLINE: Text-Messaging Access to MEDLINE/PubMed

    OpenAIRE

    Fontelo, Paul; Liu, Fang; Muin, Michael; Tolentino, Herman; Ackerman, Michael

    2006-01-01

    We developed a text messaging system for processing incoming Short Message Service (SMS) queries, retrieving medical journal citations from MEDLINE/PubMed and sending them back to the user in the text message format. A database of medical terminology abbreviations and acronyms was developed to reduce the size of text in journal citations and abstracts because of the 160-character per message limit of text messages. Queries may be sent as full-length terms or abbreviations. An algorithm transf...

  9. Child and Adult Pedestrian Impact: The Influence of Vehicle Type on Injury Severity

    OpenAIRE

    Henary, Basem Y.; Crandall, Jeff; Bhalla, Kavi; Mock, Charles N.; Roudsari, Bahman S

    2003-01-01

    In the United States, the vehicle fleet is shifting from predominantly passenger cars (automobiles) to SUVs, light trucks, and vans (LTV). This study investigates how pedestrian severe injury and mortality are associated with vehicle type and pedestrian age. The Pedestrian Crash Data Study (PCDS) database for years 1994–1998 was used for a cross-sectional study design. Outcome measures were Injury Severity Score, Maximum Abbreviated Injury Score, Abbreviated Injury Scale, Pedestrian Mortality...

  10. Corrigendum to "A pathway-based network analysis of hypertension-related genes" [Physica A 444 (2016) 928-939

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huan; Hu, Jing-Bo; Xu, Chuan-Yun; Zhang, De-Hai; Yan, Qian; Xu, Ming; Cao, Ke-Fei; Zhang, Xu-Sheng

    2016-04-01

    The authors regret that the letter "l" in the gene Creb3l2 was typed incorrectly as the number "1" three times in the published paper. In this paper, the number of abbreviations used for genes should be nine because "Col4a2_predicted" was also abbreviated as "Col4a2". Additionally, there were three minor errors in the production of the paper. The corrections are as follows:

  11. ITER technical term bilingual glossary year 2008 first half edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On October 24th, 2007, the Agreement on the Establishment of the ITER International Fusion Energy Organization for the Joint Implementation of the ITER Project (the 'ITER Agreement') came into force, and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) was appointed to a Domestic Agency (DA). The DA will contribute to the ITER construction in cooperation with ITER Organization (IO) where many ITER-specific technical terms and abbreviations were used. This book is a collection of those terms and abbreviations translated to Japanese. (author)

  12. The Impact of Texting on Comprehension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamal K. M. Ali

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study of the effects of texting on English language comprehension. The authors believe that English used in texting causes a lack of comprehension for English speakers, learners, and texters. Wei, Xian-hai and Jiang (2008:3 declare “In Netspeak, there are some newly-created vocabularies, which people cannot comprehend them either from their partial pronunciation or from their figures.” Crystal (2007:23 claims; “variation causes problems of comprehension and acceptability. If you speak or write differently from the way I do, we may fail to understand each other.”  In this paper, the authors conducted a questionnaire at Aligarh Muslim University to ninety respondents from five different Faculties and four different levels. To measure respondents’ comprehension of English texting, the authors gave the respondents abbreviations used by texters and asked them to write the full forms of the abbreviations. The authors found that many abbreviations were not understood, which suggested that most of the respondents did not understand and did not use these abbreviations.Keywords: abbreviation, comprehension, texting, texters, variation

  13. Preparation and Behaviour of New Materials for Percutaneous Access

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The reinforcing effects on hydroxyapatite ( abbreviated HA ) of phosphate glass additives were researched. The samples of reinforced HA ( abbreviated RHA ) and control material were prepared and then percutaneously implanted in the skin of experiment animal. The histomorphology of the part skin tissue were observed.By a biomimetic process, the method and conditions of forming HA coating on the surface of medical silicon rubber(abbreviated MSR) were studied. The results illustrate that the phosphate glass additives have obvious reinforcing effects on HA. In the percutaneous implantation test, neither clear infiltration of inflammatory cells nor marked downgrowth of epidermis was observed for the part tissue surrounded RHA. The surface modification of MSR for percutaneous access could be attained by biomimetic synthesis of HA coating.

  14. A confirmatory approach to understanding the four-factor structure of the Adolescent Drinking Index: evidence for a brief version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Lynn; Salas-Wright, Christopher P; Graves, Hannah; Cancilliere, Mary Kathryn; Spirito, Anthony

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the original version of the Adolescent Drinking Index (ADI), and to examine the fit of a series of confirmatory factor analysis models to arrive at an abbreviated version that can be easily administered in settings with limited time for assessment. These aims were examined in a sample of 740 adolescents (Mage=15.26; 58.5% males) who completed the ADI during an emergency department visit. Results suggested that the four-domain design did not fit the data adequately. Results, however, demonstrated good fit for an 8-item adapted version with a four-factor structure: interpersonal, social, psychological, and physical indicators. This abbreviated version was also associated with outcomes such as hangover, alcohol withdrawal, and substance use. Findings from this study provide support for the use of an abbreviated version of the ADI for screening adolescents and referring them to appropriate interventions. PMID:25012547

  15. Glossary to ARCH (GARCH)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bollerslev, Tim

    The literature on modeling and forecasting time-varying volatility is ripe with acronyms and abbreviations used to describe the many different parametric models that have been put forth since the original linear ARCH model introduced in the seminal Nobel Prize winning paper by Engle (1982......).  The present paper provides an easy-to-use encyclopedic reference guide to this long list of ARCH acronyms.  In addition to the acronyms associated with specific parametric models, I have also included descriptions of various abbreviations associated with more general statistical procedures and ideas...

  16. Freud in China: An Interview with Wang Ning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Evan Osnos

    2011-01-01

    0 (Abbreviation of Osnos) : How did you become focused on Freud? W (Abbreviation of Wang Ning) : I found that many of the American writers were greatly influenced by psychoanalysis, especially by Freud. So I took some time reading some of the books written by Freud, such as Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, Beyond the Pleasure Principles and An Autobiographi- cal Study. And in 1983, I attended a conference, a national conference on psychoanalysis in Nanjing and submitted a paper on Freudian influence on modern and contemporary Western literature.

  17. FY 1988 Budget: A brief look

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzoff, Judith A.

    Research funding fared relatively well in the abbreviated budget proposal for fiscal year (FY) 1988 that was submitted to Congress by the Reagan administration on January 5, 1987. Under the plan, funding of civilian basic research is proposed to increase by 4.5% over the FY 1987 level. This budget proposal, the first ever to top the $1-trillion mark, was released 1 month earlier than past proposals, in compliance with the new timetable established by the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings deficit control legislation passed in 1985. Because of the earlier deadline, the proposal was presented in abbreviated form, with a promise that more details will be made available in late January.

  18. Standard terminology relating to fatigue and fracture testing

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2010-01-01

    1.1 This terminology contains definitions, definitions of terms specific to certain standards, symbols, and abbreviations approved for use in standards on fatigue and fracture testing. The definitions are preceded by two lists. The first is an alphabetical listing of symbols used. (Greek symbols are listed in accordance with their spelling in English.) The second is an alphabetical listing of relevant abbreviations. 1.2 This terminology includes Annex A1 on Units and Annex A2 on Designation Codes for Specimen Configuration, Applied Loading, and Crack or Notch Orientation.

  19. Preserving medical correctness, readability and consistency in de-identified health records

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pantazos, Kostas; Lauesen, Søren; Lippert, Søren

    2016-01-01

    written in an abbreviated style that cannot be analyzed grammatically. If we replace a word that looks like a name, but isn’t, we degrade readability and medical correctness. If we fail to replace it when we should, we degrade confidentiality. We de-identified an existing Danish electronic health record...

  20. 75 FR 37712 - Temporary Suspension of Certain Oil Spill Response Time Requirements To Support Deepwater Horizon...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-30

    ... (73 FR 3316). II. Abbreviations AMPD Average Most Probable Discharge CEQ Council on Environmental... Environmental Protection Agency FOSC Federal On-Scene Coordinator FR Federal Register MMPD Maximum Most Probable... effects on them and participate in the rulemaking process. Small businesses may send comments on...

  1. The Effect of Linguistic Proficiency, Age of Second Language Acquisition, and Length of Exposure to a New Cultural Environment on Bilinguals' Divergent Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharkhurin, Anatoliy V.

    2008-01-01

    The study argues that, in addition to advantages in conscious attention-demanding processing, bilinguals may also exhibit enhanced unconscious divergent thinking. To investigate this issue, the performance of Russian-English bilingual immigrants and English monolingual native speakers was compared on the Abbreviated Torrance Test for Adults, which…

  2. Strong earthquake activity all over the world and strong-moderate earthquake activity within and near China (August, 1999~September, 1999)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@ Illustration All the data in this catalog are chosen from the "Preliminary Seismological Report of Chinese Seismic Stations" (Its abbreviation is "Monthly Report"). The catalog includes the events of M4.7 in and near China and M6 all over the world. The "Monthly Report" is monthly compiled by the Ninth Section of Institute of Geophysics, CSB.

  3. 77 FR 26697 - New Animal Drugs; Change of Sponsor; Change of Sponsor Address; Change of Sponsor Name and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... that it has transferred ownership of, and all rights and interest in, abbreviated new animal drug... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 510 and 522 New Animal Drugs; Change of Sponsor... Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the...

  4. 75 FR 41143 - Silicon Metal from the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results and Preliminary Rescission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-15

    ...: Silicon Carbide from the People's Republic of China, 59 FR 22585 (May 2, 1994) (``Silicon Carbide... Silicon Carbide, 59 FR at 22586-87; see also Notice of Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair... Review, 74 FR 37690 (July 29, 2009) (``Initiation Notice''). \\1\\ The abbreviation ``Inc.''...

  5. Russian-English Glossary of International Maritime Law Terms (and Selected Terms in Related Disciplines.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naval Intelligence Support Center, Washington, DC.

    This glossary contains over 750 terms encountered in international maritime law texts. It includes terms of the art, fairly common abbreviations, geographic names, and prepositional phrases routinely encountered in international treaties, conventions, and agreements. The prepositional phrases are recorded exactly as they appear in formal texts.…

  6. 78 FR 63208 - UPDATE-Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... Services Task Force (Task Force) AGENCY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of... Force (Task Force). The in-person Task Force meeting is being replaced by an abbreviated conference call... necessary scientific and logistical support for the meeting. The Task Force is an independent,......

  7. 78 FR 73199 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Studies With Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    ... Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs Submitted Under an Abbreviated New Drug Application; Availability AGENCY: Food... Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs Submitted Under an ANDA.'' This guidance provides recommendations to... Studies With Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs Submitted Under an ANDA.'' The guidance is applicable...

  8. 21 CFR 314.161 - Determination of reasons for voluntary withdrawal of a listed drug.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... after the drug has been voluntarily withdrawn from sale, but must be made: (1) Prior to approving an... withdrawn from sale and abbreviated new drug applications that referred to the listed drug have been... withdrawn from sale. (c) If the agency determines that a listed drug is withdrawn from sale for safety...

  9. 76 FR 51037 - Determination That Halflytely and Bisacodyl Tablets Bowel Prep Kit (Containing Two Bisacodyl...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-17

    ... sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. The Agency will not accept or approve abbreviated new drug... drug was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness (21 CFR 314.162). Under Sec. 314... sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness before an ANDA that refers to that listed drug may...

  10. 32 CFR 245.5 - Terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Terms. 245.5 Section 245.5 National Defense... EMERGENCY SECURITY CONTROL OF AIR TRAFFIC (ESCAT) Explanation of Terms, Acronyms and Abbreviations § 245.5 Terms. For the purpose of this part, the words “will” and “shall” denote mandatory action by...

  11. Top 12 Be-Attitudes of Netiquette for Academicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berk, Ronald A.

    2011-01-01

    The term "netiquette" is the abbreviation for "network etiquette." It is derived from two French words: "net," meaning "bucket," and "iquette," meaning "of doilies." It is not new, dating back to 1983, but it certainly deserves the attention of both veteran and newbie Internet users, especially academicians. Rules for corresponding on the Internet…

  12. Selective Neurocognitive Impairments in Adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Georges; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie; Jepsen, Susie; Ballard, Kristin; Nelson, Megan; Houri, Alaa; Kumra, Sanjiv; Cullen, Kathryn

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated whether major depression in adolescence is characterized by neurocognitive deficits in attention, affective decision making, and cognitive control of emotion processing. Neuropsychological tests including the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, the Continuous Performance Test-Identical Pairs, the Attention Network…

  13. Student Characteristics that Predict Persistence in Community College Online Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrell, Ivan L., II; Bower, Beverly L.

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the student characteristics of learning style, locus of control, computer experience and access, and online course experience on persistence of community college students in online courses. An online survey instrument based on the Barsch Learning Style Inventory (1996), the Abbreviated Measure of Internal-External Locus of…

  14. QRコードの特性について

    OpenAIRE

    石野, 正彦; Ishino, Masahiko; 小林, 秀俊; Kobayashi, Hidetoshi

    2013-01-01

    The QR cord is the matrix type two dimensions bar code which Denso development section developed in 1994. QR was an abbreviation of Quick Response and was developed to be able to do high-speed reading. We analyzed the structure of the QR cord and studied reading quality properties.

  15. Analyzing the 'nature' and 'specific effectiveness' of clinical empathy: a theoretical overview and contribution towards a theory-based research agenda.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neumann, M.; Bensing, J.; Mercer, S.; Ernstmann, N.; Ommen, O.; Pfaff, H.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To establish sound empirical evidence that clinical empathy (abbreviated as CE) is a core element in the clinician-patient relationship with profound therapeutic potential, a substantial theoretical-based understanding of CE in medical care and medical education is still required. The two

  16. Vegetarian Students in Their First Year of College: Are They at Risk for Restrictive or Disordered Eating Behaviors?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trautmann, Julianne; Rau, Stephanie I.; Wilson, Mardell A.; Walters, Connor

    2008-01-01

    This study compared restrictive and disordered eating behaviors in vegetarian versus non-vegetarian first-year college students. The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) and the abbreviated Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) were used to assess eating behaviors (n=330). The mean restrictive DEBQ and the EAT-26 scores of vegetarians were…

  17. Disassembly of the Research Reactor FRJ-1 (MERLIN)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stahn, B.; Poeppinghaus, J.; Cremer, J.

    2002-02-25

    This report describes the past steps of dismantling the research reactor FRJ-1 (MERLIN) and, moreover, provides an outlook on future dismantling with the ultimate aim of a ''green field site''. MERLIN is an abbreviation for MEDIUM ENERGY RESEARCH LIGHT WATER MODERATED INDUSTRIAL NUCLEAR REACTOR.

  18. The Effects of Textisms on Learning, Study Time, and Instructional Perceptions in an Online Artificial Intelligence Instructional Module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beasley, Robert; Bryant, Nathan L.; Dodson, Phillip T.; Entwistle, Kevin C.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of textisms (i.e., abbreviated spellings, acronyms, and other shorthand notations) on learning, study time, and instructional perceptions in an online artificial intelligence instructional module. The independent variable in this investigation was experimental condition. For the control…

  19. A world check-list of the Ctenophorinae (Diptera, Tipulidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boersma, E.A.

    1977-01-01

    A list of the species and subspecies, including synonyms, of the tipulid subfamily Ctenophorinae is provided. References to the literature are nearly complete. The distribution of the species is indicated by abbreviations and figures referring to the geographic regions and subregions. A survey of th

  20. Quality manual. Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This quality manual of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) is presented. Basic characteristics of the UJD, Quality manual operative control, and Quality management system (QMS) are described. Management responsibility, Processes realization, Measurement, analysis (assessment) and improvement of the quality management system, Cancellation provision as well as abbreviations used in the Quality Manual are presented.

  1. Ligonių po nugaros smegenų pažeidimų funkcinės būklės ir sutrikusios veiklos korekcija, taikant ergoterapiją, ankstyvuoju reabilitacijos laikotarpiu

    OpenAIRE

    Mingaila, Sigitas

    2006-01-01

    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS FIM - Functional Independence Measure. P - Significance level. CI - Confidence interval. df -degrees of freedom SD - Standard deviation. OR - Odds ratio. AOTA - American Occupational Therapy Association. COPM - Canadian occupational performance measure. NS - Not significant. ASIA - American Spinal Cord Injury Association. 1. Introduction About 140 – 150 people suffer from traumatic spinal cord injury in Lithua...

  2. Effect of giberellic acid (GA4/7 and girdling on induction of reproductive structures in Pinus patula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J-Jesus Vargas-Hernandez

    2016-07-01

    Abbreviations: GA: Gibberellic acid; GA4: Gibberellic acid 4; GA7: Gibberellic acid 7; GA4/7: Mix of gibberellic acids 4 and 7; FT1: Flowering trial carried out in the 2009 season; FT2: Flowering trial carried out in the 2010 season.

  3. Mild formation of cyclic carbonates using Zn(II) complexes based on N2S2-chelating ligands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Anselmo; V. Bocokic; A. Decortes; E.C. Escudero-Adan; J. Benet-Buchholz; J.N.H. Reek; A.W. Kleij

    2012-01-01

    We have prepared a series of Zn(II) complexes (1-3) based on a versatile N2S2-chelating ligand abbreviated as btsc [btsc = bis-(thiosemicarbazonato)] derived from simple and accessible building blocks. These complexes comprise a Lewis acidic Zn(II) center useful for substrate activation, and we have

  4. Reports to the Membership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    The following are edited/abbreviated versions of the annual reports of the APA Secretary, Treasurer, CEO and Medical Director, Speaker, and Speaker-Elect and the chairpersons of the APA Committee on Bylaws, Membership Committee, Committee of Tellers, and Elections Committee. The full reports were presented at the APA Annual Business Meeting in Atlanta, May 15th, 2016. PMID:27363564

  5. Impacts of an ethanol-blended fuel release on groundwater and fate of produced methane: Simulation of field observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    In a field experiment at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) designed to mimic the impact of a small-volume release of E10, two plumes were created by injecting extracted groundwater spiked with benzene, toluene, and o-xylene, abbreviated BToX (No-Ethanol Lane) and BToX plus ethanol...

  6. Overview of Neutrino Mixing Models and Their Mixing Angle Predictions

    OpenAIRE

    Albright, Carl H.

    2009-01-01

    Comment: 5 pages, 6 figures, written version of talk presented at the 11th International Workshop on Neutrino Factories, Superbeams and Beta Beams, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, July 20-25, 2009; abbreviated version of arXiv:0905.0146 which appeared in Proceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Neutrino Telescopes, Venice, March 10-13, 2009

  7. A Preliminary Investigation of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy as a Treatment for Marijuana Dependence in Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twohig, Michael P.; Shoenberger, Deacon; Hayes, Steven C.

    2007-01-01

    In this investigation, 3 adults who met criteria for marijuana dependence were treated using an abbreviated version of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). The treatment was delivered in eight weekly 90-min individual sessions. The effects of the intervention were assessed using a nonconcurrent multiple baseline across participants design.…

  8. 78 FR 16189 - Transportation of Agricultural Commodities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-14

    ... 21st Century Act MCSAP Motor Carrier Safety Assistance Program NHS National Highway System Legal Basis... Contents Executive Summary Acronyms and Abbreviations Legal Basis for the Rulemaking Background Current... of exemptions for ``covered farm vehicles'' (CFVs) and their drivers. The definition of a CFV...

  9. 21 CFR 314.170 - Adulteration and misbranding of an approved drug.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Adulteration and misbranding of an approved drug... Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.170 Adulteration and misbranding of an approved drug. All drugs... subject to the adulteration and misbranding provisions in sections 501, 502, and 503 of the act. FDA...

  10. Documentation of the status of international geothermal power plants and a list by country of selected geothermally active governmental and private sector entities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-10-01

    This report includes the printouts from the International Geothermal Power Plant Data Base and the Geothermally Active Entity Data Base. Also included are the explanation of the abbreviations used in the power plant data base, maps of geothermal installations by country, and data base questionnaires and mailing lists.

  11. R U Txting? Is the Use of Text Speak Hurting Your Literacy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drouin, Michelle; Davis, Claire

    2009-01-01

    Recent negative media attention surrounding the use of text speak (shorthand abbreviations of words such as "gr8" for "great") and the potentially detrimental effects of text speak on literacy prompted this study of texting and literacy in 80 college students. Thirty-four text speak users and 46 nontext speak users were assessed on their…

  12. Does SMS Text Messaging Help or Harm Adults' Knowledge of Standard Spelling?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, D.; Dixon, M.

    2011-01-01

    The recent increase in short messaging system (SMS) text messaging, often using abbreviated, non-conventional "textisms" (e.g. "2nite"), in school-aged children has raised fears of negative consequences of such technology for literacy. The current research used a paradigm developed by Dixon and Kaminska, who showed that exposure to phonetically…

  13. AWK: Codes in Grading Essays: Making Essays More "Objective."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borja, Francisco; Spader, Peter H.

    1985-01-01

    Essays and essay tests need to be a central feature of every class. Informing students about what is inadequate in their essays and counseling them on how to improve seem to be impossible, time-consuming tasks. The use of codes or abbreviations is described. (MLW)

  14. Towards a More Ecumenically Oriented Christianity in Africa. A Roman Catholic Contribution

    OpenAIRE

    Uzochukwu, Peter

    2008-01-01

    TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS..……………………………………………………….................ii SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY...........................................................................................viii ABBREVIATIONS................................................................................................................liv GENERAL INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................lv Issues at Hand: The Subject-Matter of the P...

  15. 76 FR 40808 - Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Amprolium

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-12

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 520 Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Amprolium AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of an original abbreviated new...

  16. 75 FR 79295 - New Animal Drugs; Mupirocin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 510 and 524 New Animal Drugs; Mupirocin AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of an abbreviated new animal...

  17. Experiment list: DRX014560 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014560 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell onto

  18. Experiment list: DRX014627 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014627 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...| tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell on

  19. Experiment list: DRX014630 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014630 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell onto

  20. Experiment list: DRX014634 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014634 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell onto

  1. Experiment list: DRX014629 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014629 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m... tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ont

  2. Experiment list: DRX014626 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014626 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell onto

  3. Experiment list: DRX014628 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014628 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...| tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell on

  4. Experiment list: DRX014562 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014562 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontol

  5. Experiment list: DRX014684 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014684 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK013 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  6. Experiment list: DRX014558 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014558 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell onto

  7. Experiment list: DRX014557 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014557 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontol

  8. Experiment list: DRX014565 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014565 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  9. Experiment list: DRX014631 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014631 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m... tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ont

  10. Experiment list: DRX014738 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014738 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK019 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  11. Experiment list: DRX014559 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014559 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell onto

  12. Experiment list: DRX014561 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DRX014561 hg19 No description NA Cardiovascular HAoEC Tissue=blood vessel|Lineage=m...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell onto

  13. IQ and Neuropsychological Predictors of Academic Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Calhoun, Susan L.; Bixler, Edward O.; Zimmerman, Dennis N.

    2009-01-01

    Word reading and math computation scores were predicted from Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence Full Scale IQ, 10 neuropsychological tests, and parent attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) ratings in 214 general population elementary school children. IQ was the best single predictor of achievement. In addition, Digit Span…

  14. On the Competition Problems of IPhO 39 in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoi, Nguyen The; Tu, Pham Quy; Don, Dam Trung

    2009-01-01

    We report on the competition problems given at the 39th International Physics Olympiad held in Hanoi, Vietnam, which consist of three theoretical and one experimental problems. The abbreviated solutions are presented. The distribution of marks for the problems is also shown. (Contains 2 tables and 8 figures.)

  15. 77 FR 5105 - Randall L. Wolff, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... prescribed at O'Neil's previous visit and asked if he was `` aking a blood pressure medicine?'' Id. at 27. O... that O'Neil's blood pressure was ``up again.'' Id. Respondent then asked O'Neil if he had ``been on...\\ The chart also records that O'Neil had ``HTN,'' GX 23, at 8; an abbreviation for hypertension. At...

  16. 77 FR 15933 - Conservation Loan Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... regulations. FSA will add a definition of ``Forest Stewardship Management Plan,'' make a minor amendment to... Stewardship Management Plan'' to read as set forth below. Sec. 761.2 Abbreviations and definitions... measure, or management technique, commonly used to meet specific needs in planning and...

  17. The Case for Slow Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newkirk, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    To truly comprehend and appreciate texts, we need to read more slowly. Schools should provide a counterbalance to our increasingly hectic digital environment, where so many of us read and write in abbreviated messages and through clicks of the mouse. To help students reclaim the acoustical properties of written language and appreciate the passages…

  18. 49 CFR 171.10 - Units of measure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... abbreviated. (c) Conversion values. (1) Conversion values are provided in the following table and are based on values provided in ASTM E 380, “Standard for Metric Practice”. (2) If an exact conversion is needed, the following conversion table should be used. Table of Conversion Factors for SI Units Measurement SI to...

  19. Neue Spiele fuer den Deutschunterricht (New Games for the German Classroom).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf-Manfre, Eva

    This document includes games and activities for the German as a foreign language class. There are games designed to help students get to know one another, games to help develop vocabulary skills and grammar, and activities for role playing. A list of references and resources is included as well as an index to abbreviations and symbols. (AB)

  20. Woordenboek Latijn / Nederlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pinkster, Harm

    2005-01-01

    This completely revised second edition of the Latin/Dutch Dictionary is aimed at a non-professional readership. It features entries with irregular forms with redirections for the reader, a grammar appendix, a detailed list of abbreviations found in entries, a broad vocabulary based on classical text

  1. Integrated Science, Complex Physics, Psy-Physics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Kundin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article will address some problems in the study of reality in a state of subjective-objective (abbreviated as SO dualism, structurally identical with the quantum superposition. Will form an idea of the SO-dualism, we approach the problem of experimental verification concepts psi-physics.

  2. 77 FR 60442 - Withdrawal of Approval of New Animal Drug Applications; Butorphanol; Doxapram; Triamcinolone...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-03

    ... (NADA) and three abbreviated new animal drug applications (ANADAs) at the sponsors' request because the... approval of the NADA and ANADAs listed in table 1 of this document because the products are no longer manufactured or marketed. Table 1--NADA and ANADAs for Which Withdrawal of Approval Has Been Requested...

  3. 21 CFR 510.455 - Requirements for free-choice medicated feeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... section 512 of the act must be: (1) An original new animal drug application (NADA), (2) A supplemental NADA, or (3) An abbreviated NADA. (c) What are the approval requirements under section 512 of the act... submitted as follows: (1) Directly in the NADA, by a sponsor; and/or (2) To an MF that a sponsor may...

  4. 21 CFR 558.5 - Requirements for liquid medicated feed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... must be: (1) An original NADA, (2) A supplemental NADA, or (3) An abbreviated NADA. (d) What are the... submitted? The data must be submitted as follows: (1) Directly in the NADA, (2) By a sponsor, or (3) To an MF that a sponsor may then reference in its NADA with written consent of the MF holder. (f) What...

  5. 32 CFR 45.3 - Policy and procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 214 unless the appellate authority, Executive Order, or Secretarial directive specifies otherwise. (b... copy 1. (5) To assist the former Service member in employment placement and job counseling, formal... abbreviations. (6) For the purpose of reemployment rights (DoD Directive 1205.12) 1 ) all extensions of...

  6. 77 FR 18689 - Changes to Standard Numbering System, Vessel Identification System, and Boating Accident Report...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-28

    .... Abbreviations BARD Boating Accident Report Database DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register HIN... rulemaking (NPRM) bearing the same title as this final rule in the Federal Register (75 FR 25137). We... reopened the comment period to accept comments until October 15, 2010 (75 FR 49869, Aug. 16, 2010)....

  7. 75 FR 48352 - Determination That MOTRIN (Ibuprofen) Tablets and Four Other Drug Products Were Not Withdrawn...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-10

    ... effectiveness. This determination means that FDA will not begin procedures to withdraw approval of abbreviated... FR 6896).) Application No. Drug Applicant NDA 17-463 MOTRIN (ibuprofen) Tablets, 300 milligrams (mg... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. Approved ANDAs that refer to the NDAs listed...

  8. 78 FR 67365 - Determination That Adderall (Amphetamine Aspartate; Amphetamine Sulfate; Dextroamphetamine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ... effectiveness. This determination means that FDA will not begin procedures to withdraw approval of abbreviated... marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. Approved ANDAs that refer to the NDAs and ANDAs listed in this document are unaffected by the discontinued marketing of the products subject to...

  9. The Sixty-Minute Shakespeare: "Romeo and Juliet."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Cass

    Developed for theaters or classrooms that wish to present abbreviated versions of Shakespeare's plays without changing the language, this book presents an edited version of "Romeo and Juliet" suitable for presentation in one hour. The book also presents an affordable set design, sound and prop requirements, costume suggestions, definitions and…

  10. Assessing Giftedness in Children: Comparing the Accuracy of Three Shortened Measures of Intelligence to the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newton, Jocelyn H.; McIntosh, David E.; Dixon, Felicia; Williams, Tasha; Youman, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the accuracy of three shortened measures of intelligence: the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability, Third Edition Brief Intellectual Ability (WJ III COG BIA) score; the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, Fifth Edition Abbreviated IQ (SB5 ABIQ); and the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test IQ Composite (K-BIT) in predicting…

  11. RECONSTRUCTION OF DOSE TO THE RESIDENTS OF OZERSK FROM THE OPERATION OF THE MAYAK PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION: 1948-2002: Progress Report on Project 1.4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mokrov, Y.; Rovny, Sergey I.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

    2009-10-23

    This Progress Report for Project 1.4 of the U.S.–Russia Joint Coordinating Committee on Radiation Effects Research continues in the abbreviated format of providing details only on the work accomplished during this six-month reporting period.

  12. IODP expedition 334: An investigation of the sedimentary record, fluid flow and state of stress on top of the seismogenic zone of an erosive subduction margin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Vannucchi, P.; Ujiie, K.; Stroncik, N.; IODP Exp. 334 Scientific Party; Yatheesh, V.

    of the volcanoes located on the present day location of the Talamanca Cordillera. 8 | P a g e     Plans for Future Investigations Because of an abbreviated operation schedule of IODP Exp. 334, the original CRISP Program A plan was reduced and kept mainly...

  13. Pharmacognostic screening of Piper trichostachyon fruits and its comparative analysis with Piper nigrum using chromatographic techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinayak Upadhya

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviation used: HPTLC: High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography, RP-UFLC: Reversed phase-ultra fl ow liquid chromatographic analysis, DST: Length of line, Maj: Length of large half axis for ellipse RDS - radius for circle, Rf: Retention Factor, TS: Transverse Section, TLC: Thin Layer Chromatography.

  14. Electrochemistry as a Tool for Study, Delvelopment and Promotion of Catalytic Reactions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petrushina, Irina

    of Fermi level by electrochemical production of promoters, reducing or oxidizing current carriers of the catalyst support (O2-, H+, Na+). This type1 was abbreviated as EEPP. In Capters 4-7, the results of my research are given as examples of use of electrochemistry as a tool for study, promotion and...

  15. The spatial emergence of laser-induced periodic surface structures under lateral displacement irradiation conditions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eichstädt, Justus

    2015-01-01

    Recently, laser-induced periodic surface structures, abbreviated LIPSS, gained interest, because potential applications are seen in the field of surface functionalisation. The feasibility to produce LIPSS and the potential to influence surface functionality have been shown. But so far, the implement

  16. A Bibliography of Theatrical Craftsmanship, 1972.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moe, Christian; Raphael, Jay E.

    With the emphasis on live performance and related stage techniques, this bibliography consists of entries taken primarily from well-known and easily obtainable English language periodicals and journals. Information for each entry includes author, title, abbreviation of source, issue, month (or season), and pagination. Six major areas are covered:…

  17. Patients with previous definite stent thrombosis have a larger fraction of immature platelets and a reduced antiplatelet effect of aspirin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Würtz, Morten; Grove, Erik; Wulff, Lise Nielsen;

    turnover. Key Words: aspirin; immature platelets; platelet aggregation; platelet function tests; stent thrombosis Abbreviations: ARU, aspirin reaction units; AU, aggregation units; BMS, bare-metal stent(s); DES, drug-eluting stent(s); IPF, immature platelet fraction; MEA, multiple electrode aggregometry...

  18. Temporal Correlates of Dogmatism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cottle, Thomas J.

    1971-01-01

    A study is reported of the relationships between an abbreviated dogmatism scale, two dogmatism subscales, and perceptions of time. Among the conclusions, it was found that for men and women, dogmatism relates to anxiety about time, a reduction in the present's and future's importance, and an emphasis on the past. (Author)

  19. External validation of the APPS, a new and simple outcome prediction score in patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, Lieuwe D; Schouten, Laura R; Cremer, Olaf L; Ong, David S Y; Schultz, Marcus J

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A recently developed prediction score based on age, arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen ratio (PaO2/FiO2) and plateau pressure (abbreviated as 'APPS') was shown to accurately predict mortality in patients diagnosed with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (

  20. Synthesis and Application of Ratiometric and "Turn-On" Fluorescent pH Sensors: An Advanced Organic Undergraduate Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutt, Johnathon T.; Aron, Zachary D.

    2014-01-01

    An upper-division organic chemistry laboratory experiment exploring fluorescent sensing over two laboratory periods and part of a third is described. Two functionally distinct pH-responsive sensors are prepared through a dehydrative three-component coupling reaction. During the abbreviated (<1 h) first laboratory period, students set up…

  1. 32 CFR Appendix F to Part 516 - Glossary

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Pt. 516, App. F Appendix F to Part 516—Glossary Abbreviations AAFES: Army and Air Force...: Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals AUSA: Assistant United States Attorney CFR: Code of...

  2. Lecturer Perspectives on Dyslexia and Dyslexic Students within One Faculty at One University in England

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Harriet; Nunkoosing, Karl

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore lecturers' experiences with and perspectives on dyslexia and dyslexic students to inform the wider debate about the issues of dyslexia support in higher education. Data were collected and analysed using an abbreviated constructivist grounded theory method. Participants were categorised as "positive", "neutral";…

  3. A Course in Baluchi. Volume Two

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Muhammad Abd-al-Rahman; Mengal, Aqil Khan

    Volume Two contains Units XXI through XXX of the Baluchi course. Unit XXI introduces the Arabic script as adapted for Baluchi. Special conventions, abbreviations, numerals, and punctuation symbols are discussed next, and several sections are devoted to the orthography of certain substantive and verbal affies. A series of reading drills which…

  4. 75 FR 45209 - Federal Implementation Plans To Reduce Interstate Transport of Fine Particulate Matter and Ozone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ....htm . Docket. All documents in the docket are listed in the http://www.regulations.gov index. Although... following are abbreviations of terms used in the preamble. ARP Acid Rain Program BART Best Available... Plan FR Federal Register EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency GHG Greenhouse Gas Hg Mercury...

  5. Transmission of Islamic Exact Science to India and its Neighbours and Repercussions Thereof%伊斯兰精密科学对印度及其邻国的传播和影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    S. M. Razaullah Ansari

    2005-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ Let me first clarify that science as developed in Islamic cultural areas or societies during the Middle Ages is abbreviated here as Islamic Science. In that context, the Exact Science is confined to astronomy (including mathematical geography) and mathematics only; physics was then a part of natural philosophy, and chemistry a branch of medicine.

  6. Hepatoprotective and cytotoxic activities of abietic acid from Isodon wightii (bentham H. hara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhusudhanan Gogul Ramnath

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviation Used: ABA: Abietic acid; LPS: Lipopolysacharride; PBS: Phosphate buffer saline; PI: Propidium iodide; NMR: Nuclear magnetic resonance; COSY: Correlation spectroscopy; HSQC: Heteronuclear single quantum correlation; HMBC: Heteronuclear multi - bond correlation; MTT: 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide

  7. Teaching Time and Organizational Management Skills to First Year Health Science Students: Does Training Make a Difference?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamson, Barbara; Covic, Tanya; Lincoln, Michelle

    2004-01-01

    The present study reports on new research conducted to determine whether teaching time and organizational skills using a training package can improve these skills. The Abbreviated Time Management Indicator (ATMI) developed by Roberts et al. was used to assess time and organizational management skills. This scale consists of six dimensions, namely…

  8. 24 CFR 570.441 - Citizen participation-insular areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Citizen participation-insular areas...-Entitlement CDBG Grants in Hawaii and Insular Areas Programs § 570.441 Citizen participation—insular areas. (a) General. An insular area jurisdiction submitting an abbreviated consolidated plan under 24 CFR...

  9. Standardization and standards for dyes and stains used in biology and medicine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyon, H O; Horobin, R W

    2007-01-01

    detailed description is given in Appendix A of the rules governing the work of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) and of the technical co-operation between the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and CEN (The Vienna Agreement). Finally, a short list of abbreviations used...

  10. Cross reference index for equipment catalog and evaluation guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MITRE has prepared for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission a Catalog of Physical Protection Equipment and a Guide for Evaluation of Physical Protection Equipment. The information contained in the volume includes reference material for both documents: a cross-reference index by manufacturer, a cross-reference index by equipment category, a list of manufacturers and a glossary of abbreviations and terms

  11. An Interview with Prof.Guy Cook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bao Tianren

    2010-01-01

    @@ Prof.Bao Tianren(Abbreviated as Bao):Prof.Cook,thank you for the arrangement of our meeting.You were invited to the 4th International Conference of IATEFL China last year,but you did not come to that conference.

  12. Vacation Study Abroad 2000/2001: 50th Anniversary Edition of IIE's Complete Guide to Summer and Short-Term Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steen, Sara J., Ed.

    This guide provides descriptions of 2,239 summer and short-term study-abroad opportunities that range in length from one week to several months. Introductory material provides information on the Institute of International Education (IIE), IIE publications, how to use the guide, abbreviations, planning for study abroad, additional resources for…

  13. Psychological Adjustment and Neuropsychological Performance in Diabetic Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skenazy, Judy A.; Bigler, Erin D.

    1985-01-01

    Compared diabetic (N=39) with nondiabetic chronic illness patients (N=20) and healthy controls (N=24). The chronic illness and the diabetic groups had significant elevations on the Hypochondriasis, Depression, and Hysteria scales of the Feschingbauer Abbreviated MMPI. For diabetics, results demonstrated a negligible effect of poor adjustment on…

  14. The Effect of Modifying Spelling Rules on the Orthography Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koc, Rasit

    2014-01-01

    The current study examined four different orthography guides prepared by Turkish Language Society between 1996 and 2012. These orthography guides included different spellings in words with capital letters, compound words, abbreviations, and some other words. The spelling differences defined were analyzed in groups. Different spelling preferences…

  15. High performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of high antioxidant australian fruits with antiproliferative activity against cancer cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Sirdaarta

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviations used: DPPH: di (phenyl- (2,4,6-trinitrophenyl iminoazanium, HPLC: High-performance liquid chromatography, IC50: The concentration required to inhibit by 50%, LC50: The concentration required to achieve 50% mortality, MS: Mass spectrometry. Ian Edwin Cock

  16. Reading Right: A Text for Reading, Volume 3. English for Special Purposes Series: Nursing Aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Katherine E.

    This is the third of four volumes devoted to reading instruction, in a series of materials for teaching English as a second language to adult nursing aide students. The three units included deal with fundamentals in nursing: asepsis, measurement and abbreviation, and emergencies. Each unit consists of readings interspersed with Cloze passages,…

  17. Units of Instruction. Health Occupations Education. Volume I. [Teacher's Guide].

    Science.gov (United States)

    East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

    Ten units on health occupations are presented in this teacher's guide. The units are the following: recording vital signs; job application and interview; grooming and personal hygiene; health careers; medical careers; medical ethics; medical terminology and abbreviations; medical asepsis; basic patient care (e.g., measuring and recording fluid…

  18. Experiment list: DRX014622 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  19. Experiment list: DRX014625 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  20. Experiment list: DRX014599 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  1. Experiment list: DRX014620 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  2. Experiment list: DRX021454 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available logy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C...m CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_13001...issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell onto

  3. Experiment list: DRX014621 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  4. Experiment list: DRX014608 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ef=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  5. Experiment list: DRX014595 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ology=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibra...Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || tot...ple_type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK004 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ont

  6. Experiment list: DRX014641 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  7. Experiment list: DRX014711 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available dothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK016 || cell type abbreviation=HUAEC || cell ontology=endothelial c...ell of umbilical artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_0010002 || lot number=03290 |

  8. Experiment list: DRX014640 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  9. Experiment list: DRX014601 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  10. Experiment list: DRX014609 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  11. Experiment list: DRX021452 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ology=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/...om CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_1300...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell ont

  12. Experiment list: DRX014598 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_20000

  13. Experiment list: DRX014638 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  14. Experiment list: DRX014618 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology... number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibra

  15. Experiment list: DRX021453 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ology=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/...om CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_1300...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell ont

  16. Experiment list: DRX014639 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  17. Experiment list: DRX014617 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  18. Experiment list: DRX014597 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  19. Experiment list: DRX014619 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  20. Experiment list: DRX014600 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  1. Experiment list: DRX014605 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  2. Experiment list: DRX014610 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  3. Experiment list: DRX014637 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_20000

  4. Experiment list: DRX014644 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  5. Experiment list: DRX014602 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  6. Experiment list: DRX014636 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  7. Experiment list: DRX014612 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  8. Supporting First Grade Students Learning Number Facts up to 10 Using a Parrot Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putra, Zetra Hainul; Darmawijoyo; Putri, Ratu Ilma Indra; den Hertog, Jaap

    2011-01-01

    Knowing number facts up to 10 become crucial if we want students to solve addition and subtraction problems using more abbreviated strategies. Otherwise, students will keep counting one-by-one until they get an answer. One of important number facts is number pairs that make ten because it is an important "benchmark" that students will…

  9. Student Satisfaction with Blended and Online Courses Based on Personality Type

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolliger, Doris U.; Erichsen, Elizabeth Anne

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate differences in perceived student satisfaction in blended and online learning environments based on personality type. A total of 72 graduate students enrolled in blended and online courses at two research universities in the United States completed an abbreviated online version of the Myers-Briggs Type…

  10. Photodynamic Effects of Pterin on HeLa Cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Denofrio, M. Paula; Lorente, Carolina; Breitenbach, Thomas;

    2011-01-01

    Pterins, heterocyclic compounds widespread in biological systems, participate in relevant biological processes and are able to act as photosensitizers. In the present study, we ascertained that 2-aminopteridin-4(3H)-one, abbreviated as Ptr, is readily incorporated into and ⁄ or onto cervical cancer...

  11. Historicity in development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyra, Maria C. D. P.; Valsiner, Jaan

    2011-01-01

    Human development entails the establishment, widening, and abbreviation of new behavioural and psychological phenomena. This leads to the central role of historicity in developmental science—a look at presently happening events in terms of their constructive borrowing from the past and anticipati...

  12. Radioactivity: Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements (1962), (ICRU) Report 10 c.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Bureau of Standards (DOC), Washington, DC.

    This handbook presents recommendations agreed upon at the meeting of the International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements (ICRU) held in Montreux, Switzerland, in April 1962. It is written in a report form with a preface including symbols, abbreviations and definitions of terms used in the report. The report consists of four…

  13. A Crossed Pack-to-Cell Equalizer Based on Quasi-Resonant LC Converter with Adaptive Fuzzy Logic Equalization Control for Series-connected Lithium-Ion Battery Strings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shang, Yunlong; Zhang, Chenghui; Cui, Naxin;

    2015-01-01

    and electromagnetic interference (EMI). Furthermore, an adaptive fuzzy logic control (AFLC) algorithm is employed to online regulate the equalization period according to the voltage difference between cells and the cell voltage, not only greatly abbreviating the balancing time but also effectively preventing over...... cycle about 62% compared with the traditional fuzzy logic control (FLC) algorithm....

  14. The importance of a Monumentenwacht system. The situation in North Brabant

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hees, R.P.J. van; Naldini, S.; Nijland, T.G.

    2015-01-01

    The question ‘What is the importance of a Monumentenwacht system (monument watch)’ is a very current issue. Do the activities of Monumentenwacht (often abbreviated MW in this report) contribute to better and more cost-effective preservation of our built cultural heritage? In order to answer this que

  15. Perceived Social Competence and Loneliness among Young Children with ASD: Child, Parent and Teacher Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeedyk, Sasha M.; Cohen, Shana R.; Eisenhower, Abbey; Blacher, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Perceived loneliness and social competence were assessed for 127 children with ASD without comorbid ID, 4-7 years old, through child self-report. Using an abbreviated version of the "Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Questionnaire" (LSDQ; Cassidy and Asher in Child Dev 63:250-365, 1992), the majority of children reported friendships,…

  16. Source-Message-Receiver in Integrated Marketing Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broussard, Sharee LeBlanc

    2011-01-01

    This is an abbreviation of the author's dissertation. Because integrated marketing communication (IMC) research has traditionally been problematic, this study used an existing scale to determine that higher educational institutional advancement (alumni, marketing-communications, development) is an appropriate venue to study the process model of…

  17. Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dean, J.; Van Geet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

    2012-04-01

    This abbreviated report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project.

  18. Hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance data display and listing for the Marfa NTMS Quadrangle, Texas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An abbreviated form of the HSSR Basic Data Report, consisting of field and laboratory data for 181 groundwater and 219 stream sediment samples, for the Marfa Quadrangle, Texas is presented. Detailed geochemical projects were previously reported for parts of the Marfa Quadrangle, therefore, reconnaissance samples were collected in areas not included in the detailed geochemical projects

  19. 27 CFR 20.135 - State code numbers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the State abbreviation. For example, permit number SDA-CONN-1234 may be shown on the labels as SDA-07-1234. The code numbers for the respective State are as follows: 01—Alabama 02—Alaska 03—Arizona...

  20. The Origins and Ideals of Water Resource Economics in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Griffin, Ronald C.

    2012-01-01

    An abbreviated history of water resource economics is reported within the context of coevolving water issues and the emerging institutions of the United States' past two centuries. Notable principles of water economics and their US origins are discussed. Some of the long-standing wisdom of the field is recalled. Landmarks for the founding doctrines of water marketing and efficient water pricing are identified.

  1. multiscale modelling of gas transport in fruit during controlled atmosphere storage

    OpenAIRE

    Ho, Quang Tri

    2008-01-01

    Contents Acknowledgements iii Nederlandse samenvatting v Abstract ix Contents xiii Symbols and Abbreviations xix 1 General introduction 1 1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Respiration and postharvest storage technology . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3 Gas transport routes in fruit tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.4 CA storage disorders of fruit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1.5 Modelling of gas ...

  2. 75 FR 11451 - New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds; Zilpaterol

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 558 New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds... Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of three abbreviated new animal drug applications (ANADAs) filed by Ivy Laboratories, Div. of Ivy Animal Health, Inc. The...

  3. 76 FR 60721 - New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds; Melengestrol; Monensin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 558 New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds... Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a supplemental abbreviated new animal drug application (ANADA) filed by Ivy Laboratories, Division of Ivy Animal Health,...

  4. 75 FR 7555 - New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds; Bacitracin Zinc; Nicarbazin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 558 New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds... and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of an original abbreviated new animal drug application (ANADA) filed by Alpharma, Inc. The ANADA provides for...

  5. 76 FR 65109 - New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds; Melengestrol; Monensin; Tylosin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 558 New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds... Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a supplemental abbreviated new animal drug application (ANADA) filed by Ivy Laboratories, Division of Ivy...

  6. 75 FR 20917 - New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds; Melengestrol, Monensin, and Ractopamine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 558 New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds...: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a supplemental abbreviated new animal drug application (ANADA) filed by Ivy Laboratories, Div....

  7. 40 CFR 407.61 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., slices and other similar styles of apples, apricots, figs, peaches, pears, prunes, canned extracted prune juice and pulp from rehydrated and cooked dehydrated prunes; but not including dates or raisins. (i) The... provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part...

  8. Group Parent Training Combined with Follow-Up Coaching for Parents of Children with Developmental Delays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Erin E.; Lissman, Dana Cohen

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between group training using an abbreviated version of the Incredible Years parent training with family coaching and positive parenting practices. Two at-­risk mothers and their young children with disabilities participated in the study. Both mothers were enrolled in a group parent training…

  9. 77 FR 41984 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... Office of Management and Budget Review; Comment Request; Form FDA 3728, Animal Generic Drug User Fee Act... review and clearance. Form FDA 3728, Animal Generic Drug User Fee Act Cover Sheet--21 U.S.C. 379j-21 (OMB... abbreviated applications for generic new animal drugs, (2) annual fees for certain generic new animal...

  10. 78 FR 55261 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Generic Drug User Fee Amendments of 2012: Questions and Answers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... generic drugs program. GDUFA establishes fees for abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs), prior... delivery of safe and effective generic drugs to the public and reduce costs to industry. GDUFA enables FDA to assess user fees to support critical and measurable enhancements to FDA's generic drugs...

  11. Holocaust II?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfensberger, Wolf

    1984-01-01

    The author estimates that approximately 200,000 lives of devalued disabled people (including infants and older adults) are taken or abbreviated annually through euthanasia and termination of life-supporting measures. He cites possible reasons for limited public outcry against what he compares with the holocaust. (CL)

  12. An Exploration of the Views of Teachers Concerning the Effects of Texting on Children's Literacy Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wray, David

    2015-01-01

    Texting, or text messaging, refers to the use of mobile phones to type and send brief, electronic messages over a telephone network. Because such messages are limited to 160 characters and are typed on a small phone keypad, texters tend to employ a great many abbreviations in conveying their messages. This has led to widespread spelling…

  13. RECONSTRUCTION OF DOSE TO THE RESIDENTS OF OZERSK FROM THE OPERATION OF THE MAYAK PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION: 1948-2002: Progress Report on Project 1.4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Progress Report for Project 1.4 of the U.S.-Russia Joint Coordinating Committee on Radiation Effects Research continues in the abbreviated format of providing details only on the work accomplished during this six-month reporting period.

  14. Tool – Material, Metaphor – Metonymy, Instrument(ness)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Olav Wedege; Breinbjerg, Morten; Pold, Søren

    2008-01-01

    This paper, presents in an abbreviated form the argument presented in an earlier paper[1], and tries to relate it to the theme, "retro in the interface". We introduce the concept instrumentness as a quality of human-computer interfaces. Instrumentness points to the way musical instruments are con...

  15. Self-Esteem and Attitudes toward Love in Abused and Non-Abused Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambliss, Catherine; And Others

    This study sought to identify personality differences in abused versus non-abused women. Abused women (N=25) were from several centers for abused women and non-abused women (N=39) were students in evening psychology classes. All subjects completed Rubin's Love Scale, the abbreviated Dominance and Romanticism Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale,…

  16. Completion of a Dislocated Metric Space

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Sumati Kumari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We provide a construction for the completion of a dislocated metric space (abbreviated d-metric space; we also prove that the completion of the metric associated with a d-metric coincides with the metric associated with the completion of the d-metric.

  17. 78 FR 19031 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate Effectiveness...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ... multiple times if the Price Bands move such that the price of resting limit-priced interest to buy (sell... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... in an abbreviated time period, i.e., the ``flash crash,'' the equities exchanges and FINRA...

  18. On tne Existing Mode of Literature in the Context of Modern Media

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>Specialty:Theory of Literature This dissertation aims to illustrate the existing mode of literature(abbreviated as EML in this paper) as the basic theoretical issue of literature.It means to construct a kind of concrete being in the present social and cultural context instead of a true

  19. 76 FR 54473 - Guidance on Positron Emission Tomography Drug Applications-Content and Format for New Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    ..., 2011 (76 FR 6143), and Docket No. FDA- 2000-D-1542 was open for comments until April 4, 2011. The... Emission Tomography Drug Products,'' issued on March 10, 2000 (65 FR 13010). The February 3, 2011, revised...-- Content and Format for New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Availability...

  20. Production and characterization of poly(3-hydroxypropionate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) with fully controllable structures by recombinant Escherichia coli containing an engineered pathway

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, De-Chuan; Shi, Zhen-Yu; Wu, Lin-Ping;

    2012-01-01

    Copolyesters of 3-hydroxypropionate (3HP) and 4-hydroxybutyrate (4HB), abbreviated as P(3HP-co-4HB), was synthesized by Escherichia coli harboring a synthetic pathway consisting of five heterologous genes including orfZ encoding 4-hydroxybutyrate-coenzyme A transferase from Clostridium kluyveri, ...

  1. An experimental randomized study of six different ventilatory modes in a piglet model with normal lungs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, J B; Sjöstrand, U H; Henneberg, S W

    1991-01-01

    -controlled intermittent positive-pressure ventilation; and SV-20P denotes pressure-controlled intermittent positive-pressure ventilation. With all modes of ventilation a PEEP of 7.5 cm H2O was used. In the abbreviations used, the number denotes the ventilatory frequency in breaths per minute (bpm). HFV indicates that all...

  2. A Brief Analysis on Citation Forms of English Journal Titles in References of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine Journals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ren; Peng; Bai; Yongping; Guo; Yunyan; Cheng; Jinhua; Li; Shuchao

    2014-01-01

    In this paper,the problems of citation forms of English journal titles in references of animal science and veterinary medicine journals were described and analyzed. And the English names of animal science and veterinary medicine journals and corresponding abbreviations were listed for reference by authors.

  3. ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES - BASIC TERMINOLOGY IN ADVERTISING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANUELA FLORENTINA GORDEAN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a short list of some of the most common words and phrases in advertising, the key language in the field, along with their meanings and a summarized explanation. In some of the cases, they come with their abbreviations, their Romanian translation and, of course, some practical examples for the students.

  4. Normalizing tweets with edit scripts and recurrent neural embeddings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chrupala, Grzegorz; Toutanova, Kristina; Wu, Hua

    2014-01-01

    Tweets often contain a large proportion of abbreviations, alternative spellings, novel words and other non-canonical language. These features are problematic for standard language analysis tools and it can be desirable to convert them to canonical form. We propose a novel text normalization model ba

  5. Using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient to Measure Autistic Traits in Anorexia Nervosa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westwood, Heather; Eisler, Ivan; Mandy, William; Leppanen, Jenni; Treasure, Janet; Tchanturia, Kate

    2016-01-01

    Interest in the link between Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Anorexia Nervosa (AN) has led to estimates of the prevalence of autistic traits in AN. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the use of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) or abbreviated version (AQ-10) to examine whether patients with AN have elevated levels of autistic…

  6. Google+ and the Commodification of Cool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Lisa Carlucci

    2011-01-01

    This summer's "make a statement" statement was simple to understand: "I have moved." Facebook friends and colleagues marked their mass exodus from the social networking giant with these words as they left to start a new colony of peers on the newly announced Google+ (Google Plus). G+, as it is abbreviated, offered an appealing alternative from the…

  7. Nonverbal Communication Skills in Young Children with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Chung-Hsin; Soong, Wei-Tsuen; Lin, Tzu-Ling; Rogers, Sally J.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The study was to examine nonverbal communication in young children with autism. Methods: The participants were 23 young children with autism (mean CA = 32.79 months), 23 CA and MA-matched children with developmental delay and 22 18-20-month-old, and 22 13-15-month-old typically developing toddlers and infants. The abbreviated Early…

  8. 40 CFR 417.61 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall... STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Manufacture of Soap Flakes and Powders... result if all water were removed from the actual product. (c) The term neat soap shall mean the...

  9. 40 CFR 417.11 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall... STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Soap Manufacturing by Batch Kettle... result if all water were removed from the actual product. (c) The term neat soap shall mean the...

  10. 40 CFR 417.31 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401... STANDARDS SOAP AND DETERGENT MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Soap Manufacturing by Fatty Acid... would result if all water were removed from the actual product. (c) The term neat soap shall mean...

  11. The Multilingual Education (MLE) Network Phenomenon: Advocacy and Action for Minoritized Language Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trudell, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    This article examines a new phenomenon in language activism variously called the multilingual education working group or the multilingual education network, and abbreviated as MLEN. After an analysis of the conceptual and organizational contexts for these activist groups, the six MLENs in existence as of 2013 are described. The groups are then…

  12. Strength and fatigue testing of large size wind turbines rotors. Vol. II: Full size natural vibration and static strength test, a reference case

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arias, F.; Soria, E.

    1996-12-01

    This report shows the methods and procedures selected to define a strength test for large size wind turbine, anyway in particular it application on a 500 kW blade and it results obtained in the test carried out in july of 1995 in Asinel`s test plant (Madrid). Henceforth, this project is designed in an abbreviate form whit the acronym SFAT. (Author)

  13. Civil Drafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schertz, Karen; Kellum, Mary, Ed.

    This curriculum guide contains a course in civil drafting to train entry-level workers for jobs in the field. The module contains 12 instructional units that cover the following topics: (1) introduction to civil drafting; (2) map scales and measurement; (3) standard symbols and abbreviations; (4) interpretation of surveyor's notations; (5) legal…

  14. Engaging with a History of Counselling, Spirituality and Faith in Scotland: A Readers' Theatre Script

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Alette; Bondi, Liz; Burgess, MaryCatherine; Miller, Gavin; Fergusson, David

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an abbreviated version of a verbatim script developed from oral history interviews with individuals key to the development of counselling and psychotherapy in Scotland from 1960 to 2000. Earlier versions were used in workshops with counsellors and pastoral care practitioners to share counter-narratives of counselling and to…

  15. 58. RSS Windows Editors: First Impressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swettenham, Steve

    2006-01-01

    An RSS feed is a list of topics made available from a webpage via a standard XML file format known as RSS, an abbreviation of either Really Simple Syndication or Rich Site Summary (Wikipedia, 2006). The end-user subscribes to their favorite Internet content site via RSS-aware software. Once subscribed, announcements with appropriate links are…

  16. Proceedings of the 14. International cancer congress held at Budapest, Hungary, 21-27 Aug 1986 v. 2, v. 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The volumes contain abbreviated forms or abstracts of lectures and contributions delivered at the 14th International Cancer Congress held between 21-27 August, 1986 in Budapest, Hungary. Altogether, more than 5000 papers were presented. About 250 items falling in the INIS scope are indexed separately. Volumes 2 and 3 contain about 3000 titles with abstracts of the majority of papers. (author)

  17. Three-electrode current-voltage measurements on erbia-stabilized bismuth oxide with sputtered noble metal electrodes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vinke, I.C.; Boukamp, B.A.; Vries, de K.J.; Burggraaf, A.J.

    1992-01-01

    The anodic and cathodic polarization behaviour of sputtered porous gold electrodes on (Bi2O3)0.75(Er2O3)0.25 (abbreviated BE25) was studied as function of temperature and oxygen partial pressure using a three-electrode cell. The anodic polarization is smaller than the cathodic polarization, allowing

  18. 76 FR 35173 - Validation of Merchant Mariners' Vital Information and Issuance of Coast Guard Merchant Mariner's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-16

    ... should be acknowledged as the opportunity cost of the individual's wages. Five commenters said the costs... FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may submit a request... of this notice. Abbreviations Sec. Section symbol FR Federal Register MMD Merchant Mariner's...

  19. Psychometric Properties of Work-Related Behavior and Experience Patterns (AVEM) Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gencer, R. Timucin; Boyacioglu, Hayal; Kiremitci, Olcay; Dogan, Birol

    2010-01-01

    "Work-Related Behaviour and Experience Patterns" (AVEM) has been developed with the intention of determining the occupation related behaviour and lifestyle models of professionals. This study has been conducted to test the validity and reliability of MEDYAM, the abbreviated Turkish equivalent of AVEM. 373 teachers from 10 different primary and…

  20. Synthesis of Fischer indole derivatives using carboxyl-functionalized ionic liquid as an efficient and recyclable catalyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Ping Yi; Hai Yang Sun; Xian Hua Pan; Yuan Xu; Ji Zong Li

    2009-01-01

    Fischer indole cyclization of phenylhydrazine and various ketones using carboxyl-functionalized ionic liquid, 1-carboxymethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (abbreviated as [cmmim][BF4]) as catalyst was successfully performed. The yields of thetarget compounds were 80-92%, the purities were 96-98%. The catalyst could be rocovered and reused for at least six times without significant loss in activity.

  1. Psychometric qualities of a tetrad WAIS-III short form for use in individuals with mild to borderline intellectual disability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duijvenbode, N. van; Didden, H.C.M.; Hazel, T. van den; Engels, R.C.M.E.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the reliability and validity of a Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence-based Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - third edition (WAIS-III) short form (SF) in a sample of individuals with mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID) (N=117; M-IQ=71.34; SDIQ=8.00, r

  2. 78 FR 49693 - Speech-to-Speech and Internet Protocol (IP) Speech-to-Speech Telecommunications Relay Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ... Rulemaking, published at 73 FR 47120, August 13, 2008 (2008 STS NPRM). The Commission sought comment on... Abbreviated Dialing Arrangements, CC Docket No. 92-105, Report and Order, published at 65 FR 54799, September... Relay, Inc.; Kansas Relay Service, Inc.; Purple Communications, Inc. and Sprint Nextel Corporation....

  3. Strategic Planning for Deepening the All-Around Structural Reform of Education: Issues of Structural Reform in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Songhua, Tan; Wang, Catherine Yan

    2012-01-01

    The "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") posits that the development of education must be driven by reform and innovation. It devotes six chapters to mapping out the targets, tasks, and major policy measures for reforming the educational system. Focusing…

  4. The bitter right of the Netherlands Gasunie. Competitive constraints of the Commodity Services System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The beginning of 1999 the Dutch natural gas trading company Gasunie introduced a new tariff system: the Commodity Services System (CSS or CDS, abbreviated in Dutch), criticized by many market parties. The head of the Gasunie department Gas Sales answers the critics

  5. The eighth conference of Czechoslovak physicists. Part I. Vol. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The second volume of Part I of the conference proceedings contains abbreviated versions of contributed papers from the fields of dielectrics, magnetism, low temperature physics, acoustics, optics, physics of thin films and surfaces, of liquid and dispersion systems, chemical physics and biophysics, geophysics, astrophysics, health physics, computer physics and physics instruction, of which 14 were inputted in INIS. (A.K.)

  6. Dictionary/handbook of nuclear medicine and clinical imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iturralde, M.P. (Univ. of Pretoria and H.S. Verwoerd Hospital, Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Pretoria (ZA))

    1989-01-01

    This book covers the following topics: Fundamentals of English medical etymology, Abbreviations, acronyms, symbols, denotations, and signs commonly used or defined in the dictionary, Characteristics of the elements, Characteristics of practicable radioisotopes and of selected radionuclides commonly used in nuclear medicine, Properties and production of radionuclides, Radioactive decay, Radiopharmaceuticals, and Radiation dosimetry.

  7. A Framework for Global Electronic Commerce: An Executive Summary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of the Press Secretary of the White House

    1997-01-01

    An abbreviated version of a longer policy document on electronic commerce released by the Clinton Administration, this article examines principles and recommendations on tariffs, taxes, electronic payment systems, uniform commercial code for electronic commerce, intellectual property protection, privacy, security, telecommunications infrastructure…

  8. 40 CFR 442.2 - General definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... addition to the general definitions and abbreviations at 40 CFR part 401, the following definitions shall..., glycerines, and organic polymers; refractory organic compounds including: ketones, nitriles, organo-metallic...; tall oil; tar; toluene; xylene; and waste oil. Pollution Prevention Allowable Discharge for...

  9. Energy alternatives for irrigation pumping: an economic analysis for northern India.

    OpenAIRE

    Bhatia R

    1984-01-01

    ILO pub-WEP pub. Working paper presenting an economic analysis of alternative energy sources for irrigation pumping in Northern India - considers economic and technical aspects of photovoltaic pumping systems, solar energy systems, electric power, dual-fuel and diesel engines, Biogas and wind power; discusses economic and social development aspects. Abbreviations, bibliography, glossary and tables.

  10. 40 CFR 86.344-79 - Humidity calculations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Humidity calculations. (a) The following abbreviations (and units) are used in this section: BARO....562 715.655 720.781 725.939 731.130 736.354 741.611 746.901 752.224 3 757.581 762.971 768.396...

  11. Artes Illiberales? The Four Myths of Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Maurice

    2009-01-01

    The phrase "liberal education" has begun obliterating more precise and meaningful terms. At first the author assumed that in using it, those public intellectuals who regularly gather to redefine higher education or set benchmarks for it had merely found an abbreviated way of describing a liberal-arts education. After Jeffrey Nesteruk took the…

  12. Materials Education: Opportunities over a Lifetime

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, Iver E.; Schwartz, Lyle H.; Faber, Katherine T.; Cargill III, G. Slade; Houston, Betsy

    2003-10-28

    A report, in the form of abbreviated notes, of the 17th Biennial Conference on National Materials Policy ''Materials Education: Opportunities over a Lifetime'' held May 20-21, 2002 in College Park, MD, sponsored by the Federation of Materials Societies and the University Materials Council.

  13. 40 CFR 418.11 - Specialized definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... in effect, as of the effective date of this regulation. (f) The term calcium sulfate storage pile..., abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart. (b) The term... regulation. (e) The term 25-year 24-hour rainfall event shall mean the maximum 24-hour precipitation...

  14. Data communications pocket book

    CERN Document Server

    Tooley, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Data Communications Pocket Book, Second Edition presents information relevant to data communication. The book provides tabulated reference materials with a brief description and diagrams. The coverage of the text includes abbreviations, terminal control codes, and conversion tables. The text will be of great use to individuals involved in the interconnection of computer systems.

  15. The 3TU Embedded Systems master in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, Gerard J.M.; Hoeven, van der Gerrit F.; Groote, Jan Friso; Otten, Ralph H.J.M.; Tonino, Hans; Juurlink, Ben H.H.; Haverkort, Boudewijn R.H.M.

    2009-01-01

    The three technical universities in the Netherlands (Eindhoven University of Technology, Delft University of Technology and University of Twente), abbreviated as 3TU, started a joint master on Embedded Systems in 2006. Embedded Systems is an interdisciplinary area of Electrical Engineering, Computer

  16. The MMPI-168(L) and ADD in assessing psychopathology in individuals with mental retardation : between and within instrument associations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McDaniel, WF; Passmore, CE; Sewell, HM

    2003-01-01

    An abbreviated version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, the MMPI-168(L), modified for use with clients who have moderate or mild mental retardation, was administered to 58 clients, most of whom had co-existing dual psychiatric diagnoses. Another recently developed instrument, the

  17. Development and Validation of a Brief Version of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale With a Nonparametric Item Analysis Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabourin, Stephane; Valois, Pierre; Lussier, Yvan

    2005-01-01

    The main purpose of the current research was to develop an abbreviated form of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) with nonparametric item response theory. The authors conducted 5 studies, with a total participation of 8,256 married or cohabiting individuals. Results showed that the item characteristic curves behaved in a monotonically increasing…

  18. A comparative study of patients and therapists' reports of schema modes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lobbestael, J.; Arntz, A.R.; Lobbes, A.; Cima, M.

    2009-01-01

    The current study assesses whether patients and therapists report similar levels of schema modes, one of the central features in Schema-Focused Therapy. Patient's self-report and therapists' report on an abbreviated Schema Mode Inventory were compared in a sample of 92 patients with antisocial, bord

  19. Eastern Conference Team Names

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    New York Knicks(纽约尼克斯队)"Knick"is an abbreviation of"Knickerbocker."(纽约人) Philadelphia 76ers(费城76人) The US states along the Atlantic Ocean were originally colonies of Great Britain.On July 4,1776,these colonies declared

  20. Report style guide for subcontractors of the Efficiency and Renewables Research Section, Energy Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stone, T.A.; Bennett, M.N.

    1992-09-01

    This document has been paraphrased from the ORNL Document Preparation Guide (DPG). It is intended for use by Efficiency and Renewables Research Section, Energy Division, ORNL subcontractor reports so that review and editing effort can be minimized. Topics covered are typing instructions, document format, usage, abbreviations and acronyms, and standard editing marks.

  1. Efficacy of oral curcuminoid fraction from curcuma xanthorrhiza and curcuminoid cider in high-cholesterol fed rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavia Maria Mauren

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviations Used: ROS: Reactive oxygen species, NO: Nitric oxide, NOS: NO synthase, NADPH: Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, CD44: Cluster of differentiation 44, ICAM-1: Intercellular adhesion molecule 1, iNOS: inducible NOS, LOX-1: lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1, HMG-CoA: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A, 5-HMF: 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, HCD: High-cholesterol diet

  2. 21 CFR 314.104 - Drugs with potential for abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Drugs with potential for abuse. 314.104 Section... and Abbreviated Applications § 314.104 Drugs with potential for abuse. The Food and Drug... appears to have an abuse potential....

  3. Lol: New Language and Spelling in Instant Messaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varnhagen, Connie K.; McFall, G. Peggy; Pugh, Nicole; Routledge, Lisa; Sumida-MacDonald, Heather; Kwong, Trudy E.

    2010-01-01

    Written communication in instant messaging, text messaging, chat, and other forms of electronic communication appears to have generated a "new language" of abbreviations, acronyms, word combinations, and punctuation. In this naturalistic study, adolescents collected their instant messaging conversations for a 1-week period and then completed a…

  4. PLATO IV Accountancy Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pondy, Dorothy, Comp.

    The catalog was compiled to assist instructors in planning community college and university curricula using the 48 computer-assisted accountancy lessons available on PLATO IV (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operation) for first semester accounting courses. It contains information on lesson access, lists of acceptable abbreviations for…

  5. Impact of Anaphoric Resolution in Information Retrieval. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzer, Jeffrey; And Others

    This project examines anaphora (the linguistic device of abbreviated subsequent reference to a concept) in information retrieval (IR) systems in order to develop procedures to recognize anaphors in text and distinguish between anaphoric and non-anaphoric uses of a given term, estimate the number of anaphors appearing in bibliographic records, and…

  6. 76 FR 17025 - New Animal Drugs; Oxytetracycline

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-28

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a supplemental abbreviated new animal drug application (ANADA) filed by Pennfield Oil Co. The supplemental ANADA provides for use of oxytetracycline hydrochloride soluble powder for control of American and European foulbrood in honey bees and for skeletal marking of finfish fry and...

  7. The Effects of Electronic Communication on American Sign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Erin; Kozak, L. Viola; Santiago, Roberto; Stephen, Anika

    2012-01-01

    Technological and language innovation often flow in concert with one another. Casual observation by researchers has shown that electronic communication memes, in the form of abbreviations, have found their way into spoken English. This study focuses on the current use of electronic modes of communication, such as cell smartphones, and e-mail, and…

  8. Development of a diagnostic co-dominant marker for stem rust resistance gene Sr47 introgressed from Aegilops speltoides into durum wheat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stem rust (caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, abbreviated as Pgt) resistance gene Sr47, originally transferred from Aegilops speltoides to durum wheat (Triticum turgidum subsp. durum) line DAS15, confers a high level of resistance to Pgt race TTKSK (known as Ug99). Recently, the durum Rust...

  9. Macroporous poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) resins-Versatile immobilization supports for biocatalysts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miletic, Nemanja; Vukovic, Zorica; Nastasovic, Aleksandra; Loos, Katja; Miletić, Nemanja; Vuković, Zorica; Nastasović, Aleksandra

    2009-01-01

    Crosslinked macroporous hydrophilic poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate)s [abbreviated poly(GMA-co-EGDMA)] with identical chemical structure (60% of glycidyl methacrylate) but with varied average pore sizes (from 30 to 560 nm), specific surface areas (from 13.2 to 106.0 m(2)

  10. Using "Monopoly" to Introduce Concepts of Race and Ethnic Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waren, Warren

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I suggest a technique which uses the familiar Parker Brother's game "Monopoly" to introduce core concepts of race and ethnic relations. I offer anecdotes from my classes where an abbreviated version of the game is used as an analog to highlight the sociological concepts of direct institutional discrimination, the legacy of…

  11. An impedance model of the relativistic heavy ion collider, RHIC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is an abbreviated version of a comprehensive and detailed analysis of RHIC instabilities soon to be published as a RHIC project report. It emphasises longitudinal impedance modeling and design choices in RHIC, wile a companion paper emphasises instability calculations

  12. Social Cognitive Career Theory, Conscientiousness, and Work Performance: A Meta-Analytic Path Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Steven D.; Lent, Robert W.; Telander, Kyle; Tramayne, Selena

    2011-01-01

    We performed a meta-analytic path analysis of an abbreviated version of social cognitive career theory's (SCCT) model of work performance (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994). The model we tested included the central cognitive predictors of performance (ability, self-efficacy, performance goals), with the exception of outcome expectations. Results…

  13. Reexamining Michaelis-Menten Enzyme Kinetics for Xanthine Oxidase

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bassingthwaighte, James B.; Chinn, Tamara M.

    2013-01-01

    Abbreviated expressions for enzyme kinetic expressions, such as the Michaelis-Menten (M-M) equations, are based on the premise that enzyme concentrations are low compared with those of the substrate and product. When one does progress experiments, where the solute is consumed during conversion to form a series of products, the idealized conditions…

  14. Open architecture for multilingual parallel texts

    CERN Document Server

    Benitez, M T Carrasco

    2008-01-01

    Multilingual parallel texts (abbreviated to parallel texts) are linguistic versions of the same content ("translations"); e.g., the Maastricht Treaty in English and Spanish are parallel texts. This document is about creating an open architecture for the whole Authoring, Translation and Publishing Chain (ATP-chain) for the processing of parallel texts.

  15. Update of data on decision making of test drills in the North Sea coastal area. Outlines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For activities that will have environmental impacts there exists a legal commitment in the Netherlands to draw up a so-called Environmental Effect Report (MER, abbreviated in Dutch). In this publication supplementary information is given on a previous MER with respect to exploratory drillings for natural gas in the title area. 8 refs

  16. Efficient model checking for duration calculus based on branching-time approximations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fränzle, Martin; Hansen, Michael Reichhardt

    2008-01-01

    Duration Calculus (abbreviated to DC) is an interval-based, metric-time temporal logic designed for reasoning about embedded real-time systems at a high level of abstraction. But the complexity of model checking any decidable fragment featuring both negation and chop, DC's only modality, is non...

  17. An indicator framework for assessing ecosystem services in support of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maes, Joachim; Liquete, Camino; Teller, Anne; Pérez-Soba, M.

    2016-01-01

    In the EU, the mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services, abbreviated to MAES, is seen as a key action for the advancement of biodiversity objectives, and also to inform the development and implementation of related policies on water, climate, agriculture, forest, marine and regiona

  18. Introducing a new Book on the Ural-Altaic Language Classification (Towards Eurasian Linguistic Isoglosses: the Case of Turkic and Hungarian)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Marácz

    2014-01-01

    In this article, László Marácz introduces his own book on a new approach to the Ural-Altaic language classification. The book entitled ‘Towards Eurasian Linguistic Isoglosses: the Case of Hungarian and Turkic’ (henceforth ‘Towards Eurasian Linguistic Isoglosses…’ abbreviated as TELI) develops a theo

  19. Proceedings of the 14. International cancer congress held at Budapest, Hungary, 21-27 Aug 1986 v. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The volume contains abbreviated forms or abstracts of lectures and contributions delivered at the 14th International Cancer Congress held between 21-27 August, 1986 in Budapest, Hungary. Altogether, more than 5000 papers were presented. About 250 items falling in the INIS scope are indexed separately. Volume 1 contains about 1840 titles with abstracts of the majority of papers. (R.P.)

  20. A gravidade do trauma em vítimas de traumatismo crânio-encefálico avaliada pelo manual AIS/90 e mapas CAIS/85 La gravedad del trauma en víctimas de traumatismo cráneo-encefálico por medio del manual AIS/90 y mapas CAIS/85 Injury severity measures by AIS/90 manual and CAIS/85 chart in head injured patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Marcia Cardoso de Sousa

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudo comparativo do uso do manual da ABBREVIATED INJURY SCALE (AIS e dos mapas da CONDENSED ABBREVIATED INJURY SCALE (CAIS, como bases para cálculo do INJURY SEVERITY SCORE (ISS em vítimas de trauma crânio-encefálico. Os resultados evidenciaram que o valor do ISS foi coincidente na maioria (59,51% das vítimas passíveis de codificação pelos dois instrumentos. Quanto à indicação da faixa de gravidade do trauma (grave, moderado e leve não existiram diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os dois instrumentos. Quanto a capacidade de cobertura da CAIS/85 para a identificação da gravidade das lesões constatou-se que a CAIS/85 permitiu a pontuação de 61,38% das lesões pontuadas com a AIS/90.Estudio comparativo del uso del Manual de la ABBREVIATED INJURY SCALE (AIS y de los mapas de la CONDENSED ABBREVIATED INJURY SCALE (CAIS, como base para el cálculo del INJURY SEVERITY SCORE (ISS en víctimas de trauma cráneo-encefálico. Los resultados mostraron que el valor del ISS coincidía en la mayoría (58,51% de las víctimas posibles de codificación por los dos instrumentos. En cuanto a la indicación de la faja de gravedad del trauma (grave, moderado y leve no existian diferencias estadísticamente significantes entre los dos instrumentos. En cuanto a la capacidad de cobertura de la CAIS/85 para la identificación de la gravedad de las lesiones, se constató que la CAIS/85 permitió la puntuación de 61,38% de las lesiones puntiadas con la AIS/90.This study was developed in order to compare the use of the ABBREVIATED INJURY SCALE (AIS and the CONDENSED ABBREVIATED INJURY SCALE (CAIS as basis to calculate INJURY SEVERITY SCORE (ISS in head injured patients. The results showed that the ISS value was equivalent in the majority of the patients (58,51% codified by both scales. Also no statistic differences between the scales were perceived when we compared the severity levels as severe, moderate and minor. 61,38% of the lesions

  1. Financial Performance Analysis Of Financial Service Cooperative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyo Asro Sasmita

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This research is aimed to test and identify empirical evidence regarding the effect of capital structure and loan to financial performance of cooperative where the relationship between loan and financial performance is moderated by non-performing loan. The population of this research is 257 Financial Service Cooperative hereinafter referred to as KJK as the abbreviation for Koperasi Jasa Keuangan of Urban Village Community Economic Empowerment hereinafter referred to as PEMK as the abbreviation for Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Masyarakat Kelurahan in Jakarta 2011 to 2013. Sample is determined by using purposive sampling method. The data is secondary data which is obtained from the Revolving Fund Management Unit hereinafter referred to as UPDB as the abbreviation for Unit Pengelola Dana Bergulir Jakarta. Hypothesis is tested by using multiple linear regression analysis with SPSS 20.00. The number of sample used in this research is 120. Research findings explain that 1 Capital Structure hereinafter referred to as SM as the abbreviation for Struktur Modal has positive and significant impact on financial performance hereinafter referred to as KIN as the abbreviation for Kinerja Keuangan because the probability value of 0000 is smaller than amp945 0.05. Calculation shows that if the capital structure rises 1 assuming that the loan and non-performing loan variables remain the same then the financial performance will increase 0.017. 2 Loans hereinafter referred to as PIN as the abbreviation for Pinjaman given has positive and significant impact on KIN because the probability value of 0001 is smaller than amp945 0.05. If the loan rises 1 assuming that the capital structure and non-performing loan variables remain the same then the KIN will increase 0.013. 3 Non-performing loan has negative and significant effect on KIN because the probability value of 0000 is smaller than amp945 0.05. PBR varible increase 1 assuming that the loan and capital structure variables

  2. The geochemical characteristics and oil-source rock correlation of oilshow from the Majiashan profile, Chaoxian County, South of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Youjun; WEN Zhigang; ZAN Ling

    2008-01-01

    In the future time the exploration of marine oil and gas will be one of the significant domains in China. In this paper the biomarker assemblage characteristics of oilshow in the Nanlinghu Formation of the Majiashan profile, which is located in Chaoxian County, south of Anhui Province, are described in the light of gas chromatography/mass spectrometric (GCMS) analysis on the qualitative and quantitative basis. Based on the investigation of the biomarker assemblage characteristics of possible source rocks developed in the area studied, a conclusion is drawn that the oilshow was generated from the Nanlinghu Formation source rocks (abbreviated as T1n), instead of the Qixia Formation source rocks (abbreviated as P1q). It is pointed out that the T1n is of strong potential for future oil exploration, and therefore much attention should be paid to it.

  3. Perceived Social Competence and Loneliness Among Young Children with ASD: Child, Parent and Teacher Reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeedyk, Sasha M; Cohen, Shana R; Eisenhower, Abbey; Blacher, Jan

    2016-02-01

    Perceived loneliness and social competence were assessed for 127 children with ASD without comorbid ID, 4-7 years old, through child self-report. Using an abbreviated version of the Loneliness and Social Dissatisfaction Questionnaire (LSDQ; Cassidy and Asher in Child Dev 63:250-365, 1992), the majority of children reported friendships, yet a considerable proportion also reported social difficulties. Factor analysis of the abbreviated LSDQ identified three factors, which were significantly associated with parent- and teacher-reported variables. Regression analyses revealed parent-reported social skills deficits and teacher-reported conflict in the student-teacher relationship to be associated with child-reported loneliness. Implications for practice are discussed.

  4. A Hands-on Approach to Evolutionary Simulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valente, Marco; Andersen, Esben Sloth

    2002-01-01

    in an industry (or an economy). To abbreviate we call such models NelWin models. The new system for the programming and simulation of such models is called the Laboratory for simulation development - abbreviated as Lsd. The paper is meant to allow readers to use the Lsd version of a basic NelWin model: observe...... the model content, run the simulation, interpret the results, modify the parameterisation, etc. Since the paper deals with the implementation of a fairly complex set of models in a fairly complex programming and simulation system, it does not contain full documentation of NelWin and Lsd. Instead we hope...... to give the reader a first introduction to NelWin and Lsd and inspire a further exploration of them....

  5. Comparative study on WHO Western Pacific Region and World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies international standard terminologies on traditional medicine: an analysis of the Mechanism of Diseases (Part 2)%WHO西太区与世界中医药学会联合会中医名词术语国际标准比较研究: 病机部分(二)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李照国; 潘淑兰

    2009-01-01

    @@ In the previous issue, we have, according to the book entitled International Standardization of English Translation of Traditional Chinese Medicine: Study of Theory, Summarization of Practice and Exploration of Methods[1], briefly introduced and analyzed, the first part of the terminologies concerning pathogenesis included in WHO International Standard Terminologies on Traditional Medicine in the Western Pacific Region[2] (abbreviated as WPRO Standard instead of WHO Standard according to the present development of international standardization of traditional medicine maintained by WHO) and the International Standard Chinese-English Basic Nomenclature of Chinese Medicine compiled by World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies[3] (abbreviated as WFCMS Standard). In this essay, we will try to introduce and analyze the second part of the terminologies concerning pathogenesis in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM).

  6. Feasibility Study on Nuclear Propulsion Ship according to Economic Evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of nuclear ships has been extending to the icebreaker, the deep-water exploration ship, and the floating nuclear power plant. Prior to developing the new ship, the relevant regulations need to be considered. In this study, we reviewed the nuclear ship-related regulations. In addition, economic value is one of the most important factors which should be considered in the pre-design phase. To evaluate the economics of the nuclear ship, we calculated Capital Expenditure (abbreviated as CAPEX) and Operation Expenditure (abbreviated as OPEX) for various types of ships. We reviewed the nuclear ship-related regulations and evaluated the economics of the nuclear ship compared to the diesel ship. The calculation result shows that economic feasibility of the nuclear ship depends on the oil price as well as the cost of the nuclear reactor

  7. Resolution of Unidentified Words in Machine Translation

    CERN Document Server

    Ullah, Sana; Kwak, Kyung Sup

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a mechanism of resolving unidentified lexical units in text-based machine translation (TBMT). In machine translation system it is unlikely to have a complete MT lexicon and hence there is a need of a mechanism to handle the problem of unidentified words. These unknown words could be abbreviations, names, acronyms and newly introduced terms. We have proposed an algorithm for the resolution of the unidentified words. This algorithm takes discourse unit (primitive discourse) as a unit of analysis and provides real time updates to the lexicon. We have manually applied the algorithm to news paper fragments. Along with anaphora and cataphora1 resolution, many unknown words especially names and abbreviations were updated to the lexicon. Moreover flowchart of the proposed algorithm is also presented.

  8. Feasibility Study on Nuclear Propulsion Ship according to Economic Evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gil, Youngmi; Yoo, Seongjin; Oh, June; Byun, Yoonchul; Woo, Ilguk [Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Co., Ltd, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jiho; Choi, Suhn [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    The use of nuclear ships has been extending to the icebreaker, the deep-water exploration ship, and the floating nuclear power plant. Prior to developing the new ship, the relevant regulations need to be considered. In this study, we reviewed the nuclear ship-related regulations. In addition, economic value is one of the most important factors which should be considered in the pre-design phase. To evaluate the economics of the nuclear ship, we calculated Capital Expenditure (abbreviated as CAPEX) and Operation Expenditure (abbreviated as OPEX) for various types of ships. We reviewed the nuclear ship-related regulations and evaluated the economics of the nuclear ship compared to the diesel ship. The calculation result shows that economic feasibility of the nuclear ship depends on the oil price as well as the cost of the nuclear reactor.

  9. Proceso de implantación de Sistema de Gestión Bibliotecario en la Biblioteca Nacional de Cuba José Martí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ing. Amparo Hernández Barrios

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The National Library of Cuba José Martí (BNCJM Spanish abbreviation as rector of the National System of Public Libraries (SNBP Spanish abbreviation and the performance of its activities supports the use of information is a major venture into the new world of librarianship. One of the ways the BNCJM to improve the organization is by providing access to its collections, streamline work and reduce costs in purchasing materials with the implementation of an automated system that would integrate all data processed in the institution. As part of this strategic plan a study of the processes carried out in the library and began working on the development of a Web application that can manage the entire workflow of BNCJM was performed. The experiences gained in the project, will guide the implementation of the SNBP SIGBs and in all institutions in process automation.

  10. A one-mode-for-all predictor for text messaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vimala Balakrishnan

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the enhancements made on the current mobile phone messaging software, namely the predictive text entry. In addition, the application also has a facility to abbreviate any unabbreviated words that exist in the dictionary, so that the message length can be reduced. The application was tested in a computer-simulated mobile environment and the results of the tests are presented here. These additional features will potentially enable users to send messages at a reduced length and thus reduce the cost of sending messages. Moreover, users who are not adept in using the abbreviations can now do so with features made available on their mobile phones. It is believed that these additional features will also encourage more users to use the predictive software as well as further improve users’ messaging satisfaction.

  11. Design of Current steering DAC using 250nm CMOS Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Vineet Tiwari; Prof.Sanjeev Ranjan; Dr.(Prof) Vijaynath

    2012-01-01

    To build a digital to analog converter, that only receives digital signal that can only receives digital signal and produces only analog signal. A converter in which digital input signals are changed to essentially proportional analog signals. Abbreviated DAC a device for converting information in the forms of combination of discrete(usually binary) states or signal to information in the form of combinations of discrete(usually binary) states or signal to information in the form of value or m...

  12. Application of the time-dependent mild-slope equations for the simulation of wake effects in the lee of a farm of Wave Dragon wave energy converters

    OpenAIRE

    Beels, C.; P. Troch; De Visch, K.; Kofoed, J.P.; De Backer, G.

    2010-01-01

    Time-dependent mild-slope equations have been extensively used to compute wave transformations near coastal and offshore structures for more than 20 years. Recently the wave absorption characteristics of a Wave Energy Converter (abbreviated as WEC) of the overtopping type have been implemented in a time-dependent mild-slope equation model by using numerical sponge layers. In this paper the developed WEC implementation is applied to a single Wave Dragon WEC and multiple Wave Dragon WECs. The W...

  13. Bacillus anthracis infections – new possibilities of treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Dorota Żakowska; Michał Bartoszcze; Marcin Niemcewicz; Agata Bielawska-Drózd; Józef Knap; Piotr Cieślik; Krzysztof Chomiczewski; Janusz Kocik

    2015-01-01

    [b]Introduction and objective[/b]. [i]Bacillus anthracis[/i] is one of biological agents which may be used in bioterrorism attacks. The aim of this study a review of the new treatment possibilities of anthrax, with particular emphasis on the treatment of pulmonary anthrax. [b]Abbreviated description of the state of knowledge[/b]. Pulmonary anthrax, as the most dangerous clinical form of the disease, is also extremely difficult to treat. Recently, considerable progress in finding new dru...

  14. Defining Learning Objectives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍鑫红

    2014-01-01

    <正>This article attempts to introduce the teacher to developments in the area of specifying learning objectives.When you have studied this article carefully,you should be able to(a)distinguish between statements of aims and statements of objectives,(b)discuss the merits of writing objectives from the point of view of the learner,and(c)write both complete and abbreviated statements of learning objectives for different language skills,functions,and notions.

  15. Regional Cluster Development Measures and New Technology Based Firms Cultivation in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Kirihata, Tetsuya

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to reveal significant factors within a cluster that influence the fostering of new technology based firms (hereafter abbreviated NTBFs) and determine which measures should be given priority in aiding regional improvement. In this paper, a questionnaire survey was conducted with project directors of regional knowledge cluster headquarters promoted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, NTBFs, as well as, external specialists such as atto...

  16. Antibacterial activity of the sponge Ircinia ramosa: Importance of its surface-associated bacteria

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Thakur, N.L.; Anil, A.C.

    of Wahl et al. (1994). Bacterial cultures were identified to the genus level by using Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (Buchanan and Gibbons, 1984). Isolation of Fouling Bacteria. Fouling bacteria were isolated from micro- film developed over... EXTRACTS AND FRACTIONS COLLECTED IN JANUARY AND MAY 1997 Extract / fraction January May Crude methanol extract JME MME Pet. ether fraction JP MP Chloroform fraction JC MC Ethyl acetate fraction JE ME Aqueous fraction JM MM TABLE 2.ABBREVIATIONS FOR SPONGE...

  17. Abdominal damage control surgery and reconstruction: world society of emergency surgery position paper

    OpenAIRE

    Godat, Laura; Kobayashi, Leslie; Costantini, Todd; Coimbra, Raul

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Damage control laparotomy was first described by Dr. Harlan Stone in 1983 when he suggested that patients with severe trauma should have their primary procedures abbreviated when coagulopathy was encountered. He recommended temporizing patients with abdominal packing and temporary closure to allow restoration of normal physiology prior to returning to the operating room for definitive repair. The term damage control in the trauma setting was coined by Rotondo et al., in 1993. ...

  18. Smart antennas

    CERN Document Server

    Godara, Lal Chand

    2004-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Antenna GainPhased Array AntennaPower Pattern Beam Steering Degree of Freedom Optimal AntennaAdaptive AntennaSmart AntennaSummary NARROWBAND PROCESSINGSignal Model Conventional BeamformerNull Steering BeamformerOptimal BeamformerOptimization Using Reference SignalBeam Space Processing Effect of ErrorsNotation and AbbreviationsReferencesADAPTIVE PROCESSINGSample Matrix Inversion AlgorithmUnconstrained Least Mean Squares AlgorithmNormalized Least Mean Squares AlgorithmConstrained

  19. Meta-DNA: synthetic biology via DNA nanostructures and hybridization reactions

    OpenAIRE

    Chandran, Harish; Gopalkrishnan, Nikhil; Yurke, Bernard; Reif, John

    2012-01-01

    Can a wide range of complex biochemical behaviour arise from repeated applications of a highly reduced class of interactions? In particular, can the range of DNA manipulations achieved by protein enzymes be simulated via simple DNA hybridization chemistry? In this work, we develop a biochemical system which we call meta-DNA (abbreviated as mDNA), based on strands of DNA as the only component molecules. Various enzymatic manipulations of these mDNA molecules are simulated via toehold-mediated ...

  20. Pre-supernova neutrino emissions from ONe cores in the progenitors of core-collapse supernovae: are they distinguishable from those of Fe cores?

    CERN Document Server

    Kato, Chinami; Yamada, Shoichi; Takahashi, Koh; Umeda, Hideyuki; Yoshida, Takashi; Ishidoshiro, Koji

    2015-01-01

    Aiming to distinguish two types of progenitors of core collapse supernovae, i.e., one with a core composed mainly of oxygen and neon (abbreviated as ONe core) and the other with an iron core (or Fe core), we calculated the luminosities and spectra of neutrinos emitted from these cores prior to gravitational collapse, taking neutrino oscillation into account. We found that the total energies emitted as $\\bar{\

  1. Getting a Knack for NAC: N-Acetyl-Cysteine

    OpenAIRE

    Sansone, Randy A.; Sansone, Lori A.

    2011-01-01

    N-acetyl-cysteine, N-acetylcysteine, N-acetyl cysteine, and N-acetyl-L-cysteine are all designations for the same compound, which is abbreviated as NAC. NAC is a precursor to the amino acid cysteine, which ultimately plays two key metabolic roles. Through its metabolic contribution to glutathione production, cysteine participates in the general antioxidant activities of the body. Through its role as a modulator of the glutamatergic system, cysteine influences the reward-reinforcement pathway....

  2. Impact of Knowledge Intensive Business Services on Economic Performance of Sectors and Regions

    OpenAIRE

    Laurenţiu Tăchiciu

    2016-01-01

    The role of knowledge intensive services in today's economy are among the topics most frequently addressed in recent years by researchers. The major interest is targeting in particular services provided to enterprises, known internationally as knowledge intensive business services or, by abbreviation, KIBS. As a sector of the economy, KIBS consists of enterprises specializing in providing to other businesses services that require intensive use of advanced knowledge, thus characterized by the ...

  3. Bibliography

    OpenAIRE

    Tiercelin, Claudine

    2014-01-01

    Abbreviations CCWJ = R. A. Putnam (ed.), 1997, The Cambridge Companion to William James. James, ERE = James, 1912, Essays in Radical Empiricism. James, MT = James, 1909/1975, The Meaning of Truth. James, P = James, 1907/1975, Pragmatism. James, PP = James, 1981, The Principles of Psychology. James, PU = James, 1977, A Pluralistic Universe. James, WB = James, 1979, The Will to Believe. Peirce, CP = Peirce, 1931-1958, The Complete Papers of C.S. Peirce. Peirce, NEM = Peirce, 1976, The New Eleme...

  4. Paper-Based Medical Records: the Challenges and Lessons Learned from Studying Obstetrics and Gynaecological Post-Operation Records in a Nigerian Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adekunle Yisau Abdulkadir

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: With the background knowledge that auditing of Medical Records (MR for adequacy and completeness is necessary if it is to be useful and reliable in continuing patient care; protection of the legal interest of the patient, physicians, and the Hospital; and meeting requirements for researches, we scrutinized theatre records of our hospital to identify routine omissions or deficiencies, and correctable errors in our MR system. METHOD: Obstetrics and Gynaecological post operation theatre records between January 2006 and December 2008 were quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed for details that included: hospital number; Patients age; diagnosis; surgery performed; types and modes of anesthesia; date of surgery; patients’ ward; Anesthetists names; surgeons and attending nurses names, and abbreviations used with SPSS 15.0 for Windows. RESULTS: Hardly were any of the 1270 surgeries during the study period documented without an omission or an abbreviation. Hospital numbers and patients’ age were not documented in 21.8% (n=277 and 59.1% (n=750 respectively. Diagnoses and surgeries were recorded with varying abbreviations in about 96% of instances. Surgical team names were mostly abbreviated or initials only given. CONCLUSION: To improve the quality of Paper-based Medical Record, regular auditing, training and good orientation of medical personnel for good record practices, and discouraging large volume record book to reduce paper damages and sheet loss from handling are necessary else what we record toady may neither be useful nor available tomorrow. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(5.000: 427-432

  5. Vilka faktorer påverkar framgången i CRM-satsningar

    OpenAIRE

    Sandström, Mattias; Lundberg, Ted

    2015-01-01

    This study is intended to identify which factors that influence the success of initiatives in Customer Relationship Management, usually abbreviated as CRM. In the course of this study we have been in contact with forty-two companies operating in Sweden within eleven different sectors in order to find out how they operate regarding CRM initiatives, particularly initiatives within marketing and promotions.  Against the data collected during the study it was concluded that the companies working ...

  6. Standardized gene nomenclature for the Brassica genus

    OpenAIRE

    King Graham J; Østergaard Lars

    2008-01-01

    Abstract The genus Brassica (Brassicaceae, Brassiceae) is closely related to the model plant Arabidopsis, and includes several important crop plants. Against the background of ongoing genome sequencing, and in line with efforts to standardize and simplify description of genetic entities, we propose a standard systematic gene nomenclature system for the Brassica genus. This is based upon concatenating abbreviated categories, where these are listed in descending order of significance from left ...

  7. The catfish genome database cBARBEL: an informatic platform for genome biology of ictalurid catfish

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Jianguo; Peatman, Eric; Yang, Qing; Wang, Shaolin; Hu, Zhiliang; Reecy, James; Kucuktas, Huseyin; Liu, Zhanjiang

    2010-01-01

    The catfish genome database, cBARBEL (abbreviated from catfish Breeder And Researcher Bioinformatics Entry Location) is an online open-access database for genome biology of ictalurid catfish (Ictalurus spp.). It serves as a comprehensive, integrative platform for all aspects of catfish genetics, genomics and related data resources. cBARBEL provides BLAST-based, fuzzy and specific search functions, visualization of catfish linkage, physical and integrated maps, a catfish EST contig viewer with...

  8. FINANCIAL DIFFERENCES AND SIMILARITIES OF ISLAMIC BANKS: A STUDY ON QISMUT COUNTRIES

    OpenAIRE

    Yildirim, Ismail

    2015-01-01

    Six countries, namely Qatar, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, UAE and Turkey (abbreviated as QISMUT) are considered to play an important role in the future international development of the Islamic finance. QISMUT countries have a majority Muslim population who prefers Islamic finance for their banking needs. QISMUT countries account for 38 million customers which is 67% of the global Islamic bank customer base. The focus of this study is to define similar (or different) international banks ...

  9. Research of expansion strategy of Postal Direct Mail in Anhui Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Zhengxi

    2012-01-01

    DM is “direct mail “, which is generally translated from English, abbreviated as DM. It means the multiform advertisements with the given information that are delivered to the target groups (potential customer, individuals and enterprises) directly by mailing service. DM is ranked a third media abroad following TV network and newspaper. It accounts for 15 - 20 % market share of the advertising market. However, in China, DM only accounts for less than 3 % market share at present, therefor...

  10. Short Takes: Intelligence-Service Psychology: A German Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Helmut Müller-Enbergs

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available To date, four German volumes in the series "Intelligence-Service Psychology" (Nachrichtendienstpsychologie have been published. These volumes generated interest in both the German and non-German speaking communities. It was therefore decided to translate some of the basic articles of the series into English (Litzcke, Müller-Enbergs & Ungerer, 2008, making them accessible to a wider range of readers. This article contains abbreviated versions of the articles in the book.

  11. Flexicurity in the Current Economic and Social Context

    OpenAIRE

    Georgeta Modiga

    2015-01-01

    The flexicurity concept - an abbreviation between flexibility and security - appeared in the early 90s, being used for the first time by the Danish Prime Minister Poul Nyrum Rasmussen. The concept refers to a social state model that promotes a pro-active policy in the labour domain and the access to employment. Flexicurity can be defined as a strategy integrated by the simultaneous consolidation of flexibility and security on the labour market. According to the definition given by...

  12. An Analysis on the Awakening of Feminism Ideology in the Literary Work“Tess”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Chun-yan

    2015-01-01

    “Tess”(the abbreviation of Tess of the D’Urbervilles) is one of the representative works written by Thomas Hardy, a fa⁃mous English writer, novelist and poet. It is a novel that records the transition from the conventional consciousness to the modern consciousness, and the protagonist Tess, acts as a pioneer of women’s awakening movement in the early 20th century. Its signifi⁃cance even at present age is still profound and lasting.

  13. Clustering using Vector Membership: An Extension of the Fuzzy C-Means Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Ganguly, Srinjoy; Bose, Digbalay; Konar, Amit

    2013-01-01

    Clustering is an important facet of explorative data mining and finds extensive use in several fields. In this paper, we propose an extension of the classical Fuzzy C-Means clustering algorithm. The proposed algorithm, abbreviated as VFC, adopts a multi-dimensional membership vector for each data point instead of the traditional, scalar membership value defined in the original algorithm. The membership vector for each point is obtained by considering each feature of that point separately and ...

  14. Concordance of Self- and Proxy-Rated Worry and Anxiety Symptoms in Older Adults with Dementia

    OpenAIRE

    Bradford, Andrea; Brenes, Gretchen A.; Robinson, Roberta A.; Wilson, Nancy; Snow, A. Lynn; KUNIK, MARK E.; Calleo, Jessica; Petersen, Nancy J; Stanley, Melinda A.; Amspoker, Amber B.

    2012-01-01

    We compared the psychometric performance of two validated self-report anxiety- symptom measures when rated by people with dementia versus collaterals (as proxies). Forty-one participants with mild-to-moderate dementia and their respective collaterals completed the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory, the Penn State Worry Questionnaire-Abbreviated, and a structured diagnostic interview. We used descriptive and nonparametric statistics to compare scores according to respondent characteristics. Receiver...

  15. Time-Limited Psychotherapy With Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Shefler, Gaby

    2000-01-01

    Short-term dynamic therapies, characterized by abbreviated lengths (10–40 sessions) and, in many cases, preset termination dates, have become more widespread in the past three decades. Short-term therapies are based on rapid psychodynamic diagnosis, a therapeutic focus, a rapidly formed therapeutic alliance, awareness of termination and separation processes, and the directive stance of the therapist. The emotional storm of adolescence, stemming from both developmental and psychopathological s...

  16. A lattice framework for pricing display advertisement options with the stochastic volatility underlying model

    OpenAIRE

    Bowei Chen; Jun Wang

    2014-01-01

    Advertisement (abbreviated ad) options are a recent development in online advertising. Simply, an ad option is a first look contract in which a publisher or search engine grants an advertiser a right but not obligation to enter into transactions to purchase impressions or clicks from a specific ad slot at a pre-specified price on a specific delivery date. Such a structure provides advertisers with more flexibility of their guaranteed deliveries. The valuation of ad options is an important top...

  17. Perlindungan Hukum Atas Lambang Palang Merah Di Indonesia Ditinjau Dari Undang-Undang Nomor 15 Tahun 2001 Tentang Mere

    OpenAIRE

    Rahayu, Kasih

    2013-01-01

    The use of the red cross symbol in Indonesia are protected by the government of Indonesia under Law Number 15 of 2001 brands in particular Article 6 paragraph (3) letter (b), which reads: "The application must also be rejected by the Directorate General of where the brand is an imitation or resembles the name or the abbreviation name, flag, emblem or symbol of the state institutions or national and international institutions, except with the consent of the competent authority ". This im...

  18. Landscape and landscape ecology as factors in the process of integrated spatial management

    OpenAIRE

    Brandt, Jesper

    2009-01-01

    During the last years, the landscape definition related to the European Landscape Convention has been more and more recognized among scientists and planners dealing with different aspects of landscapes. Sometimes the definition has been abbreviated to the sentence: ‘ an area, as perceived by people', see, e.g. (Olwig 2005), thus focusing on the mental construction of the landscape concept. Indeed, this perceptional aspect is also crucial to understand the ongoing mental battles on landscape i...

  19. Micropropagation of some horticulture and garden species under in vitro conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Koleva Gudeva, Liljana; Sachevska, Violeta

    2010-01-01

    At the beginning of the XXI century, the perspectives of the plant biochemistry and physiology are directed to examine the capability of plant cells and tissue culture for vegetative propagation. The method of in vitro cultivation of plant cell and tissue cultures is used for vegetative propagation (micropropagation) of plants. The vegetative propagation of the plants under in vitro conditions enables to abbreviate the process of selection, enhance the genetic stability of plants and improve ...

  20. Simple Machines Forum, a Solution for Dialogue Optimization between Physicians

    OpenAIRE

    Laura SÎNGIORZAN; Istrate, Dan

    2013-01-01

    We developed an instrument which can ensure a quick and easy dialogue between the physicians of the Oncology Institute and family physicians. The platform we chose was Simple Machines Forum (abbreviated as SMF), a free Internet forum (BBS - Bulletin Board System) application. The purpose of this article is not to detail the software platform, but to emphasize the facilities and advantages of using this solution in the medical community.