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Sample records for 3p core levels

  1. A study of angle-resolved photoemission extended fine structure as applied to the Ni 3p, Cu 3s, and Cu 3p core levels of the respective clean (111) surfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huff, W.R.A.; Moler, E.J.; Kellar, S.A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

    1997-04-01

    The first non-s initial state angle-resolved photoemission extended fine structure (ARPEFS) study of clean surfaces for the purpose of further understanding the technique is reported. The surface structure sensitivity of ARPEFS applied to clean surfaces and to arbitrary initial states is studied using normal photoemission data taken from the Ni 3p core levels of a Ni(111) single crystal and the Cu 3s and the Cu 3p core-levels of a Cu(111) single crystal. The Fourier transforms of these clean surface data are dominated by backscattering. Unlike the s initial state data, the p initial state data show a peak in the Fourier transform corresponding to in-plane scattering from the six nearest-neighbors to the emitter. Evidence was seen for single-scattering events from in the same plane as the emitters and double-scattering events. Using a newly developed, multiple-scattering calculation program, ARPEFS data from clean surfaces and from p initial states can be modeled to high precision. Although there are many layers of emitters when measuring photoemission from a clean surface, test calculations show that the ARPEFS signal is dominated by photoemission from atoms in the first two crystal layers. Thus, ARPEFS applied to clean surfaces is sensitive to surface reconstruction. The known contraction of the first two Cu(111) layers is confirmed. The best-fit calculation for clean Ni(111) indicates an expansion of the first two layers. To better understand the ARPEFS technique, the authors studied s and non-s initial state photoemission from clean metal surfaces.

  2. Association of Serum MiR-142-3p and MiR-101-3p Levels with Acute Cellular Rejection after Heart Transplantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sukma Dewi, Ihdina; Hollander, Zsuzsanna; Lam, Karen K.; McManus, Janet-Wilson; Tebbutt, Scott J.; Ng, Raymond T.; Keown, Paul A.; McMaster, Robert W.; McManus, Bruce M.; Gidlöf, Olof; Öhman, Jenny

    2017-01-01

    Background Identifying non-invasive and reliable blood-derived biomarkers for early detection of acute cellular rejection in heart transplant recipients is of great importance in clinical practice. MicroRNAs are small molecules found to be stable in serum and their expression patterns reflect both physiological and underlying pathological conditions in human. Methods We compared a group of heart transplant recipients with histologically-verified acute cellular rejection (ACR, n = 26) with a control group of heart transplant recipients without allograft rejection (NR, n = 37) by assessing the levels of a select set of microRNAs in serum specimens. Results The levels of seven microRNAs, miR-142-3p, miR-101-3p, miR-424-5p, miR-27a-3p, miR-144-3p, miR-339-3p and miR-326 were significantly higher in ACR group compared to the control group and could discriminate between patients with and without allograft rejection. MiR-142-3p and miR-101-3p had the best diagnostic test performance among the microRNAs tested. Serum levels of miR-142-3p and miR-101-3p were independent of calcineurin inhibitor levels, as measured by tacrolimus and cyclosporin; kidney function, as measured by creatinine level, and general inflammation state, as measured by CRP level. Conclusion This study demonstrated two microRNAs, miR-142-3p and miR-101-3p, that could be relevant as non-invasive diagnostic tools for identifying heart transplant patients with acute cellular rejection. PMID:28125729

  3. BOREAS Level-3p Landsat TM Imagery: Geocoded and Scaled At-sensor Radiance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nickeson, Jaime; Knapp, David; Newcomer, Jeffrey A.; Hall, Forrest G. (Editor); Cihlar, Josef

    2000-01-01

    For BOReal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS), the level-3p Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data were used to supplement the level-3s Landsat TM products. Along with the other remotely sensed images, the Landsat TM images were collected in order to provide spatially extensive information over the primary study areas. This information includes radiant energy, detailed land cover, and biophysical parameter maps such as Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FPAR) and Leaf Area Index (LAI). Although very similar to the level-3s Landsat TM products, the level-3p images were processed with ground control information, which improved the accuracy of the geographic coordinates provided. Geographically, the level-3p images cover the BOREAS Northern Study Area (NSA) and Southern Study Area (SSA). Temporally, the four images cover the period of 20-Aug-1988 to 07-Jun-1994. Except for the 07-Jun-1994 image, which contains seven bands, the other three contain only three bands.

  4. Reduced miR-659-3p levels correlate with progranulin increase in hypoxic conditions: implications for frontotemporal dementia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola ePiscopo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Progranulin (PGRN is a secreted protein expressed ubiquitously throughout the body, including the brain, where it localizes in neurons and activated microglia. Loss-of-function mutations in the GRN gene are an important cause of familial Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD. PGRN has a neurotrophic and anti-inflammatory activity, and it is neuroprotective in several injury conditions, such as oxygen or glucose deprivation, oxidative injury, and hypoxic stress. Indeed, we have previously demonstrated that hypoxia induces the up-regulation of GRN transcripts. Several studies have shown microRNAs involvement in hypoxia. Moreover, in FTLD patients with a genetic variant of GRN (rs5848, the reinforcement of miR-659-3p binding site has been suggested to be a risk factor. Here, we report that miR-659-3p interacts directly with GRN 3’UTR as shown by luciferase assay in HeLa cells and ELISA and Western Blot analysis in HeLa and Kelly cells. Moreover, we demonstrate the physical binding between GRN mRNA and miR-659-3p employing a miRNA capture-affinity technology in SK-N-BE and Kelly cells. In order to study miRNAs involvement in hypoxia-mediated up-regulation of GRN, we evaluated miR-659-3p levels in SK-N-BE cells after 24h of hypoxic treatment, finding them inversely correlated to GRN transcripts. Furthermore, we analyzed an animal model of asphyxia, finding that GRN mRNA levels increased at post-natal day (pnd 1 and pnd 4 in rat cortices subjected to asphyxia in comparison to control rats and miR-659-3p decreased at pnd 4 just when GRN reached the highest levels. Our results demonstrate the interaction between miR-659-3p and GRN transcript and the involvement of miR-659-3p in GRN up-regulation mediated by hypoxic/ischemic insults.

  5. Core-level spectra from graphene

    OpenAIRE

    Sernelius, Bo

    2014-01-01

    We calculate core-level spectra for pristine and doped free-standing graphene sheets. Instructions for how to perform the calculations are given in detail. Although pristine graphene is not metallic the core-level spectrum presents low-energy tailing which is characteristic of metallic systems. The peak shapes vary with doping level in a characteristic way. The spectra are compared to experiments and show good agreement. We compare to two different pristine samples and to one doped sample. Th...

  6. Trends in adsorbate induced core level shifts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, Viktor; Van den Bossche, Maxime; Hellman, Anders; Grönbeck, Henrik

    2015-10-01

    Photoelectron core level spectroscopy is commonly used to monitor atomic and molecular adsorption on metal surfaces. As changes in the electron binding energies are convoluted measures with different origins, calculations are often used to facilitate the decoding of experimental signatures. The interpretation could in this sense benefit from knowledge on trends in surface core level shifts for different metals and adsorbates. Here, density functional theory calculations have been used to systematically evaluate core level shifts for (111) and (100) surfaces of 3d, 4d, and 5d transition metals upon CO, H, O and S adsorption. The results reveal trends and several non-intuitive cases. Moreover, the difficulties correlating core level shifts with charging and d-band shifts are underlined.

  7. Excitation of the low lying vibrational levels of H2O by O(3P) as measured on Spacelab 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyerott, R. E.; Swenson, G. R.; Schweitzer, E. L.; Koch, D. G.

    1994-01-01

    The data from the infrared telescope (IRT), which was flown on space shuttle Challenger Spacelab 2 mission (July 1985), were originally reported by Koch et al. (1987) as originating from near orbital emissions, primarily H2O. In this study, analysis of this data was extended to determine the collisional cross sections for the excitation of the low lying vibrational levels of H2O, present in the orbiter cloud, by atmospheric O(3P). The evaluation of the contribution to the measured signal from solar excitation and ram O excitation of outgassing H2O permits the determination of the H2O column density and the excitation cross section of the (101) level at an O(3P) velocity of approximately 7.75 km/s. Contributions to the radiation in the 1.7-3.0 micron band by transitions from the (100), (001), and multiquantum excited levels are discussed. The findings of the study are (1) the IRT data for the 4.5-9.5 micron and the nighttime data for the 1.7-3.0 micron sensors are consistent with being explained by collision excitation of H2O by O(3P), (2) diurnal variations of 4.5-9.5 micron intensities follow the model predicted O density for a full orbit, (3) daytime increases in the H2O cloud density were not evident, (4) the cross sections for the collisional excitation process are derived and compared to values computated by Johnson (1986) and Redmon et al. (1986), (5) theoretical investigation suggests greater than 60% of the radiation from H2O is a result of multiphoton emission resulting from collisional multiquanta excitation, and (6) the large daytime increase in the 1.7-3.0 micron intensity data suggests that O(+) may likely be instrumental in producing excited H2O(+) through charge exchange.

  8. Core level shifts of intercalated graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröder, Ulrike A.; Petrović, Marin; Gerber, Timm; Martínez-Galera, Antonio J.; Grånäs, Elin; Arman, Mohammad A.; Herbig, Charlotte; Schnadt, Joachim; Kralj, Marko; Knudsen, Jan; Michely, Thomas

    2017-03-01

    Through intercalation of metals and gases the Dirac cone of graphene on Ir(111) can be shifted with respect to the Fermi level without becoming destroyed by strong hybridization. Here, we use x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to measure the C 1s core level shift (CLS) of graphene in contact with a number of structurally well-defined intercalation layers (O, H, Eu, and Cs). By analysis of our own and additional literature data for decoupled graphene, the C 1s CLS is found to be a non-monotonic function of the doping level. For small doping levels the shifts are well described by a rigid band model. However, at larger doping levels, a second effect comes into play which is proportional to the transferred charge and counteracts the rigid band shift. Moreover, not only the position, but also the C 1s peak shape displays a unique evolution as a function of doping level. Our conclusions are supported by intercalation experiments with Li, with which, due to the absence of phase separation, the doping level of graphene can be continuously tuned.

  9. Photoexcitation and photoionization from the 2p{sup 5}3p[5/2]{sub 2,3} levels in neon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baig, M. A.; Bokhari, I. A.; Rafiq, M.; Kalyar, M. A.; Hussian, T.; Ali, Raheel; Piracha, N. K. [Atomic and Molecular Physics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, 45320 Islamabad (Pakistan); Department of Physics, John Carroll University, 20700 N. Park Boulevard, University Heights, Ohio 44118 (United States)

    2011-07-15

    We present measurements of the excitation spectra from the 2p{sup 5}3p[5/2]{sub 3,2} levels in neon using two-step laser excitation and ionization in conjunction with an optogalvanic detection in dc and rf discharge cells. The 2p{sup 5}3p[5/2]{sub 3,2} intermediate levels have been approached via the collisionally populated 2p{sup 5}3s[3/2]{sub 2} metastable level. The Rydberg series 2p{sup 5}({sup 2}P{sub 3/2})nd[7/2]{sub 4} (12 {<=}n{<=} 44), 2p{sup 5}({sup 2}P{sub 3/2})ns[3/2]{sub 2} (13 {<=}n{<=} 35) and the parity forbidden transitions 2p{sup 5}({sup 2}P{sub 3/2})np[5/2]{sub 3} (13 {<=}n{<=} 19) have been observed from the 2p{sup 5}3p[5/2]{sub 3} level, whereas the 2p{sup 5}({sup 2}P{sub 3/2})nd[7/2]{sub 3} (12 {<=}n{<=} 44), 2p{sup 5}({sup 2}P{sub 3/2})ns[3/2]{sub 2} (13 {<=}n{<=} 35), and 2p{sup 5}({sup 2}P{sub 1/2})nd'[5/2]{sub 3} (9 {<=}n{<=} 12) Rydberg series have been observed from the 2p{sup 5}3p[5/2]{sub 2} level in accordance with the {Delta}J ={Delta}K = {+-} 1 selection rules. The photoionization cross sections from the 2p{sup 5}3p[5/2]{sub 3} intermediate level have been measured at eight ionizing laser wavelengths (399, 395, 390, 385, 380, 370, 364, and 355 nm) and that from the 2p{sup 5}3p[5/2]{sub 2} level at 401.8 nm. These measurements are in excellent agreement with the experimental values reported in the literature, while the experimental data lie much below the theoretically calculated photoionization cross sections curve.

  10. Evolutionary and Expression Analysis of miR-#-5p and miR-#-3p at the miRNAs/isomiRs Levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Guo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We mainly discussed miR-#-5p and miR-#-3p under three aspects: (1 primary evolutionary analysis of human miRNAs; (2 evolutionary analysis of miRNAs from different arms across the typical 10 vertebrates; (3 expression pattern analysis of miRNAs at the miRNA/isomiR levels using public small RNA sequencing datasets. We found that no bias can be detected between the numbers of 5p-miRNA and 3p-miRNA, while miRNAs from miR-#-5p and miR-#-3p show variable nucleotide compositions. IsomiR expression profiles from the two arms are always stable, but isomiR expressions in diseased samples are prone to show larger degree of dispersion. miR-#-5p and miR-#-3p have relative independent evolution/expression patterns and datasets of target mRNAs, which might also contribute to the phenomena of arm selection and/or arm switching. Simultaneously, miRNA/isomiR expression profiles may be regulated via arm selection and/or arm switching, and the dynamic miRNAome and isomiRome will adapt to functional and/or evolutionary pressures. A comprehensive analysis and further experimental study at the miRNA/isomiR levels are quite necessary for miRNA study.

  11. GROUND-STATE OF FERROMAGNETIC NICKEL AND MAGNETIC CIRCULAR-DICHROISM IN 2P AND 3P CORE X-RAY ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPIES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    JO, T; YOSHIDA, A; SAWATZKY, GA

    The electronic state of ferromagnetic Ni and an interpretation of magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) in Ni 2p --> 3d and 3p --> 3d X-ray absorption (XAS) are discussed from a viewpoint of 3d configuration interaction. Inclusion of the 3d8 configuration and an orbital-magnetic-moment contribution of

  12. Laser techniques for spectroscopy of core-excited atomic levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, S. E.; Young, J. F.; Falcone, R. W.; Rothenberg, J. E.; Willison, J. R.

    1982-01-01

    We discuss three techniques which allow the use of tunable lasers for high resolution and picosecond time scale spectroscopy of core-excited atomic levels. These are: anti-Stokes absorption spectroscopy, laser induced emission from metastable levels, and laser designation of selected core-excited levels.

  13. Core level photoemission of rotaxanes : A summary on binding energies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mendoza, S. M.; Berna, J.; Perez, E. M.; Kay, E. R.; Mateo-Alonso, A.; De Nadai, C.; Zhang, S.; Baggerman, J.; Wiering, P. G.; Leigh, D. A.; Prato, M.; Brouwer, A.M.; Rudolf, P.; Nadaï, C. De

    2008-01-01

    Several rotaxanes were studied by XPS in the form of thin films or monolayers on gold substrates. Here we report a database of photoemission spectra of the C 1s, N 1s and F 1s core levels. Binding energy ranges are summarized, classifying the core levels according to the chemical groups that form pa

  14. Core level photoemission of rotaxanes: A summary on binding energies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendoza, S.M. [Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Berna, J.; Perez, E.M.; Kay, E.R. [School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh, King' s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JJ (United Kingdom); Mateo-Alonso, A. [Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita di Trieste, Piazzale Europa 1, 34127 Trieste (Italy); De Nadai, C. [Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Spectroscopie Electronique, Facultes Universitaires Notre Dame de la Paix, 61 Rue de Bruxelles, B-5000 Namur (Belgium); Zhang, S. [School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh, King' s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JJ (United Kingdom); Baggerman, J.; Wiering, P.G. [Van' t Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 129, NL-1018 WS Amsterdam (Netherlands); Leigh, D.A. [School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh, King' s Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JJ (United Kingdom); Prato, M. [Dipartimento di Scienze Farmaceutiche, Universita di Trieste, Piazzale Europa 1, 34127 Trieste (Italy); Brouwer, A.M. [Van' t Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Nieuwe Achtergracht 129, NL-1018 WS Amsterdam (Netherlands); Rudolf, P. [Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands)], E-mail: P.Rudolf@rug.nl

    2008-09-15

    Several rotaxanes were studied by XPS in the form of thin films or monolayers on gold substrates. Here we report a database of photoemission spectra of the C 1s, N 1s and F 1s core levels. Binding energy ranges are summarized, classifying the core levels according to the chemical groups that form part of the rotaxanes.

  15. Coverage dependence of photoemission core levels of alkali-metal overlayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sham, T.K.; Shek, M.; Xu, G.; Hrbek, J.

    1989-05-01

    Photoemission from alkali-metal core levels (Li 1s, Na 2s, K 3p, Cs 5p, and 4d) has been studied for different alkali-metal coverages on Ru(001) using synchrotron radiation from the Vacuum Ultraviolet (VUV) ring at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). The alkali atoms interacting directly with the Ru substrate show coverage-dependent binding-energy shifts towards the Fermi level, with the largest shift for Li (1.1 eV) and the smallest ones for K and Cs. At coverages > 1 monolayer (ML), the core-level shift between the second (surface) and the first (interface) layer is observed in all alkali overlayers. At ''thin'' multilayer coverages (/similar to/3 ML), all alkali overlayers exhibit three sets of core-level photoemission bands which are assigned to the interface, the immediate ''bulk,'' and the surface in increasing binding energy. At coverages >5 ML (''thick'' multilayer) all alkali metals exhibit bulklike properties and surface--atom core-level binding-energy shifts are observed in all cases.

  16. Core-level photoemission from alkali metals on Ru(001)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shek, M. (Department of Physics, Hunter College of The City University of New York, New York, New York 10021 (USA)); Hrbek, J. (Department of Chemistry, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000 (USA)); Sham, T.K. (Department of Chemistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada NA65B7 (Canada)); Xu, G. (Department of Chemistry, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000 (USA))

    1990-02-15

    We report soft-x-ray photoemission results on the core-level binding energies of Li, Na, K, and Cs adsorbed on Ru(001). For all four alkali metals, the saturated alkali-metal--Ru interface core level and the second- (surface-) layer core-level binding energies differ by as much as 0.85--1.25 eV. Surface versus bulklike core-level shifts are reported for Li, K, and Cs, which are 0.55 eV for Li and {similar to}0.25 eV for the other two. For increasing coverages of Li, Na, and K in direct contact with Ru, there are significant decreases in the core-level binding energies, the total shift ranging from {similar to}{minus}1.25 eV for Li to {similar to}{minus}0.80 eV for K; the shift for Cs is small and the reasons for the deviation are discussed. A comparison between our observations and the prediction from the thermodynamic model of Johannson and Martensson is also given.

  17. MiR-291b-3p Induces Apoptosis in Liver Cell Line NCTC1469 by Reducing the Level of RNA-binding Protein HuR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Guo

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is increasing evidence that miRNAs are involved in cellular apoptosis. However, the specific role of miR-291b-3p in apoptosis has not been elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the effect of miR-291b-3p on NCTC1469 cell growth and apoptosis. Methods: Cell viability and apoptosis were examined in NCTC1469 cells transfected with miR-291b-3p mimics, inhibitor miRNA or negative control. Using computational miRNA target prediction databases, HuR was predicted as a target of miR-291b-3p. Luciferase assay, immunofluorescence and western blot were used to further explore the effects of miR-291b-3p on HuR expression. In addition, the effect of HuR on cell apoptosis was evaluated using a HuR-specific siRNA. Results: TNF-α-induced hepatocyte apoptosis was accompanied by enhanced expression of miR-291b-3p, suggesting that miR-291b-3p might contribute to the apoptotic process. Follow-up experiments showed that upregulation of miR-291b-3p decreased cell viability and induced NCTC1469 cell apoptosis. Additionally, similar to the activity of miR-519, which is another member of the same miRNA family, miR-291b-3p suppressed HuR translation through binding to the HuR coding region (CR. We further showed that the downregulation of HuR expression by miR-291b-3p was accompanied by reduced Bcl-2 expression. Moreover, knockdown of HuR also impaired Bcl-2 expression and increased the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2. More significantly, downregulation of miR-291b-3p failed to increase Bcl2 expression in NCTC1469 cells that were co-transfected with siRNA-HuR. Finally, inhibition of miR-291b-3p led to reduced apoptosis, while knockdown of HuR by siRNA promoted apoptosis, even in NCTC1469 cells that were co-transfected with the miR-291b-3p inhibitor. Conclusion: The current data suggested that miR-291b-3p contributed to NCTC1469 cell apoptosis by regulating the expression of HuR, which in turn increased Bcl-2 stability.

  18. New Connotations of Core Socialist Values at the Individual Level

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯正强

    2016-01-01

    The core values at the individual level including patriotism, dedication, integrity and friendship are new ethical and moral requirements put forward by the environment of new era for people;what’s more, these values propose core connotations of a new theory of human nature from the view of perfecting human nature, which indicates the recovery and manifestation of people’s feel-ings of love in the environment of a new era. This is Chinese big love, which is based on traditions and filled with new epoch con-notations. Just like warm breeze and gentle rain, Chinese big love resolves people’s indifferent hearts and moisturizes their spiritual poverty in the present era, constituting the ultimate care of the core values at the individual level.

  19. Origin of metallic surface core-level shifts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aldén, Magnus; Skriver, Hans Lomholt; Abrikosov, I. A.

    1995-01-01

    The unique property of the open 4f energy shell in the lanthanide metals is used to show that the initial-state energy shift gives an insufficient description of surface core-level shifts. Instead a treatment, which fully includes the final-state screening, account for the experimentally observed...

  20. Up-regulation of Serum MiR-130b-3p Level is Associated with Renal Damage in Early Lupus Nephritis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wanpeng; Mou, Shan; Wang, Ling; Zhang, Minfang; Shao, Xinghua; Fang, Wei; Lu, Renhua; Qi, Chaojun; Fan, Zhuping; Cao, Qin; Wang, Qin; Fang, Yan; Ni, Zhaohui

    2015-08-01

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a common but severe autoimmune systemic inflammatory disease. Lupus nephritis (LN) is a serious complication of SLE,affecting up to 70% of SLE patients. Circulating microRNAs (miRNA) are emerging as biomarkers for pathological conditions and play significant roles in intercellular communication. In present research, serum samples from healthy control, early and late stage LN patients were used to analyze the expression profile of miRNAs by microarray. Subsequent study demonstrated that miR-130b-3p in serum of patients with early stage LN were significantly up-regulated when compared with healthy controls. In addition,we have also observed that the expression of a large amount of circulating microRNAs significantly decreased in patients with late stage LN. The further analysis found that the expression of serum miR-130b-3p was positively correlated with 24-hour proteinuria and renal chronicity index in patients with early stage LN.Transfection of renal tubular cellline(HK-2)with miR-130b-3p mimics can promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The opposite effects were observed when transfected with miR-130b-3p inhibitors. MiR-130b-3p negatively regulated ERBB2IP expression by directly targeting the 3‧-UTR of ERBB2IP The circulating miR-130b-3p might serve as a biomarker and play an important role in renal damage in early stage LN patients.

  1. Surface core-level shifts for simple metals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aldén, Magnus; Skriver, Hans Lomholt; Johansson, Börje

    1994-01-01

    . We discuss the surface shifts of the electrostatic potentials and the band centers in order to trace the microscopic origin of the SCLS in the simple metals and find that the anomalous subsurface core-level shifts in beryllium are caused by charge dipoles, which persist several layers into the bulk......We have performed an ab initio study of the surface core-level binding energy shift (SCLS) for 11 of the simple metals by means of a Green’s-function technique within the tight-binding linear-muffin-tin-orbitals method. Initial- and final-state effects are included within the concept of complete....... We furthermore conclude that the unexpected negative sign of the SCLS in beryllium is predominantly an initial-state effect and is caused by the high electron density in this metal....

  2. Gamma thermometer based reactor core liquid level detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Thomas J.

    1983-01-01

    A system is provided which employs a modified gamma thermometer for determining the liquid coolant level within a nuclear reactor core. The gamma thermometer which normally is employed to monitor local core heat generation rate (reactor power), is modified by thermocouple junctions and leads to obtain an unambiguous indication of the presence or absence of coolant liquid at the gamma thermometer location. A signal processor generates a signal based on the thermometer surface heat transfer coefficient by comparing the signals from the thermocouples at the thermometer location. The generated signal is a direct indication of loss of coolant due to the change in surface heat transfer when coolant liquid drops below the thermometer location. The loss of coolant indication is independent of reactor power at the thermometer location. Further, the same thermometer may still be used for the normal power monitoring function.

  3. Core level binding energies of functionalized and defective graphene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Susi, Toma; Kaukonen, Markus; Havu, Paula; Ljungberg, Mathias P; Ayala, Paola; Kauppinen, Esko I

    2014-01-01

    X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) is a widely used tool for studying the chemical composition of materials and it is a standard technique in surface science and technology. XPS is particularly useful for characterizing nanostructures such as carbon nanomaterials due to their reduced dimensionality. In order to assign the measured binding energies to specific bonding environments, reference energy values need to be known. Experimental measurements of the core level signals of the elements present in novel materials such as graphene have often been compared to values measured for molecules, or calculated for finite clusters. Here we have calculated core level binding energies for variously functionalized or defected graphene by delta Kohn-Sham total energy differences in the real-space grid-based projector-augmented wave density functional theory code (GPAW). To accurately model extended systems, we applied periodic boundary conditions in large unit cells to avoid computational artifacts. In select cases, we compared the results to all-electron calculations using an ab initio molecular simulations (FHI-aims) code. We calculated the carbon and oxygen 1s core level binding energies for oxygen and hydrogen functionalities such as graphane-like hydrogenation, and epoxide, hydroxide and carboxylic functional groups. In all cases, we considered binding energy contributions arising from carbon atoms up to the third nearest neighbor from the functional group, and plotted C 1s line shapes by using experimentally realistic broadenings. Furthermore, we simulated the simplest atomic defects, namely single and double vacancies and the Stone-Thrower-Wales defect. Finally, we studied modifications of a reactive single vacancy with O and H functionalities, and compared the calculated values to data found in the literature.

  4. Measurement of the isotope shift of the 2{{\\rm{p}}}^{4}{}^{3}{{P}}_{2} \\rightarrow 2{{\\rm{p}}}^{3}3{\\rm{p}}{}^{3}{{P}}_{2} two-photon transition of O I and a revision of the triplet energy levels of atomic oxygen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinov, D.; Booth, J.-P.; Drag, C.; Blondel, C.

    2017-03-01

    Two-photon induced fluorescence of atomic oxygen, which is routinely used for plasma and flame diagnostics, is implemented with two counterpropagating laser beams of sufficient monochromaticity to permit Doppler-free spectroscopy. A single-mode injection-seeded pulsed Ti:sapphire laser has been frequency-doubled twice to produce narrow-band pulsed radiation at wavelengths around 225.6 nm, suitable to excite the ground-state-to-2{{{p}}}33{{p}}{}3{P} two-photon resonance line of oxygen. Accurate measurement of the injection-seeding wavelength provides new data on the excitation energy of the 3{{p}}{}3{P} states. The experiment was done both sequentially and simultaneously on 16O and 18O, which makes it possible to test recent calculations of the isotope shift. Having an absolute measurement of the excitation wave-number from the ground level, which has been the case only twice in previous spectroscopic studies of O I, we can re-examine the energy levels of the subset of triplet states and present an updated set of optimised energy values.

  5. GHRSST Level 3P Global Subskin Sea Surface Temperature from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the MetOp-A satellite (GDS version 1)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A global Level 3 Group for HIgh Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST) dataset from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the MetOp-A platform...

  6. Discriminant effect of morphology and range of attack on the performance level of volleyball players. DOI: 10.5007/1980-0037.2011v13n3p223

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Machado Reis

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to identify the discriminant effect of morphology and range of attack-related variables on the performance level of under-17 female volleyball players. The sample consisted of young volleyball players (n=40 divided into two groups: players of the Brazilian national team (n=21 aged 15.86 ± 0.36 years, body weight of 68.11 ± 8.73 kg, and height of 181.61 ± 6.11 cm, and players of the state team of Rio Grande do Norte (n=19 aged 15.16 ± 0.88 years, body weight of 60.54 ± 7.60 kg, and height of 170.52 ± 7.97 cm. The somatotype was assessed using the Heath & Carter method. A modified Sargent test was used to assess vertical jump height and maximum attack height. The measures were compared between the two groups using the Student t-test for independent samples. Discriminant function analysis was applied to predict group allocation using the measures obtained as independent variables. The two groups differed significantly in terms of body weight, fat mass, height, maximum attack height, range of attack, and somatotype. Discriminant function analysis identified the somato-type measures (endomorphy, ectomorphy, and mesomorphy with correlation coefficients below 0.30. The canonical correlation coefficient obtained with this function was 0.856. In conclusion, somatotype or vertical jump ability does not seem to distinguish elite athletes from non-elite athletes in under-17 female volleyball players, and height is the main morphological determinant to achieve elite level performance.

  7. Relationships Between Complex Core Level Spectra and Materials Properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelin, Constance J.; Bagus, Paul S.; Ilton, Eugene S.; Chambers, Scott A.; Kuhlenbeck, Helmut; Freund, Hans-Joachim

    2010-12-01

    The XPS of many oxides are quite complex and there may be several peaks of significant intensity for each subshell. These peaks arise from many-electron effects, which normally are treated with configuration interaction (CI) wavefunctions where static correlation effects are taken into account. It is common to use semiempirical methods to determine the matrix elements of the CI Hamiltonian and there are few rigorous CI calculations where parameters are not adjusted to fit experiment. In contrast, we present, in the present work, theoretical XPS spectra obtained with rigorous CI wavefunctions for CeO2 where the XPS are especially complex; several different core levels are studied. This study uses an embedded CeO8 cluster model to represent bulk CeO2 and the relativistic CI wavefunctions are determined using four-component spinors from Dirac-Fock calculations. In particular, we examine the importance of interatomic many-body effects where there is a transfer of electrons from occupied oxygen 2p orbitals into empty cation orbitals as it is common to ascribe the complex XPS to this effect. We also contrast the importance of many-body charge-transfer effects for the isoelectronic cations of Ce4+ and La3+. The long-range goal of this work is to relate the XPS features to the nature of the chemical bonding in CeO2 and we describe our progress toward this goal.

  8. O(^3 p) Doped Helium Droplets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brice, Joseph T.; Douberly, Gary E.

    2017-06-01

    Atomic oxygen (^3 P) is generated via thermolysis in a commerical thermal gas cracker (Mantis Ltd. MGC-75). Complexes with HCN were investigated to qualitatively assess the doping efficiency of O(^3 P) into a helium droplet. Theoretical calculations of a linear O \\cdot\\cdot\\cdot HCN (^3 Σ) complex at the CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ level are consistent with the rotational constants extracted from the rotational substructure in the experimental spectra, and with dipole moments approximated from Stark spectra. The thermal source will be used to study reactions between O(^3 P) and hydrocarbons in helium droplets, and preliminary data on this topic will be presented.

  9. Core-level excitation and fragmentation of chlorine dioxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flesch, R.; Plenge, J.; Rühl, E.

    2006-03-01

    Inner-shell excitation and fragmentation of chlorine dioxide (OClO) in the Cl 2p- and O 1s-excitation regime is reported. The electronic structure of the element-selectively excited radical is studied by X-ray absorption and total cation yields. A comparison of both approaches allows us to estimate the absolute photoionization cross-section and the ionization yield near the Cl 2p- and O 1s-absorption edges. The latter quantity is characteristically enhanced in core-ionization continua. We observe below both core-absorption edges intense core-to-valence-transitions. These are assigned in comparison with related work on core-excited sulfur dioxide. These results give clear evidence that the highest molecular orbital of OClO is half-filled. High-resolution spectra recorded in the Cl 2p-regime show evidence for Rydberg transitions. The extrapolation of the term values of the low-lying Rydberg states allows us to derive the Cl 2p-ionization energy of OClO. Fragmentation of core-excited OClO is reported. Photoelectron-photoion-coincidence (PEPICO) spectra are recorded, indicating that singly and doubly charged fragments are formed. Fission of the doubly and multiply charged OClO leads to singly charged fragments. These are measured by photoion-photoion-coincidence (PIPICO) spectra, where characteristic changes in intensity of the fission channels in the Cl 2p- and O 1s-continuum are observed.

  10. Low levels of cell-free circulating miR-361-3p and miR-625* as blood-based markers for discriminating malignant from benign lung tumors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina Roth

    Full Text Available The high mortality rate of lung cancer patients is mainly due to the late stage at which lung cancer is diagnosed. For effective cancer prevention programs and early diagnosis, better blood-based markers are needed. Hence, blood-based microarray profiling of microRNA (miR expression was performed in preoperative serum of 21 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC patients and 11 healthy individuals by microfluid biochips containing 1158 different miRs. Two out of the 30 most dysregulated miRs were further validated in serum of 97 NSCLC patients, 20 patients with benign lung diseases and 30 healthy individuals by TaqMan MicroRNA Assays. Microarray profiling showed that miR-361-3p and miR-625* were significantly down-regulated in serum of lung cancer patients. Their further evaluation by quantitative RT-PCR showed that the levels of miR-361-3p and miR-625* were lower in NSCLC than in benign disease (p = 0.0001 and healthy individuals (p = 0.0001, p = 0.0005, respectively. Moreover, the levels of miR-625* were significantly lower in patients with large cell lung cancer (LCLC, p = 0.014 and smoking patients (p = 0.030 than in patients with adenocarcinoma and non-smoking patients, respectively. A rise in the levels of both miRs was observed in the postoperative samples compared with the preoperative levels (p = 0.0001. Functional analyses showed that Smad2 and TGFß1 are not dysregulated by miR-361-3p and miR-625* in the lung cell line A549, respectively. Our present pilot study suggests that miR-361-3p and miR-625* might have a protective influence on the development of NSCLC, and the quantitative assessment of these miRs in blood serum might have diagnostic potential to detect NSCLC, in particular in smokers.

  11. Clock-controlled mir-142-3p can target its activator, Bmal1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan Xiaochao

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background microRNAs (miRNAs are shown to be involved in the regulation of circadian clock. However, it remains largely unknown whether miRNAs can regulate the core clock genes (Clock and Bmal1. Results In this study, we found that mir-142-3p directly targeted the 3’UTR of human BMAL1 and mouse Bmal1. The over-expression (in 293ET and NIH3T3 cells and knockdown (in U87MG cells of mir-142-3p reduced and up-regulated the Bmal1/BMAL1 mRNA and protein levels, respectively. Moreover, the expression level of mir-142-3p oscillated in serum-shocked NIH3T3 cells and the results of ChIP and luciferase reporter assays suggested that the expression of mir-142-3p was directly controlled by CLOCK/BMAL1 heterodimers in NIH3T3 cells. Conclusions Our study demonstrates that mir-142-3p can directly target the 3’UTR of Bmal1. In addition, the expression of mir-142-3p is controlled by CLOCK/BMAL1 heterodimers, suggesting a potential negative feedback loop consisting of the miRNAs and the core clock genes. These findings open new perspective for studying the molecular mechanism of circadian clock.

  12. Alkaline Earth Core Level Photoemission Spectroscopy of High-Temperature Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasquez, R.

    1993-01-01

    This paper examines photoemission measurements of the alkaline Earth core levels of high-temperature superconductors and related materials, models that seek to explain the large negative shifts observed relative to the corresponding alkaline Earth metals, and the effect of lattice site disorder on the core level spectra and the presence or absence of intrinsic surface peaks.

  13. Alkaline Earth Core Level Photoemission Spectroscopy of High-Temperature Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasquez, R.

    1993-01-01

    This paper examines photoemission measurements of the alkaline Earth core levels of high-temperature superconductors and related materials, models that seek to explain the large negative shifts observed relative to the corresponding alkaline Earth metals, and the effect of lattice site disorder on the core level spectra and the presence or absence of intrinsic surface peaks.

  14. Temperature dependence of the photodissociation of CO2 from high vibrational levels: 205-230 nm imaging studies of CO(X1Σ+) and O(3P, 1D) products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutradhar, S.; Samanta, B. R.; Samanta, A. K.; Reisler, H.

    2017-07-01

    The 205-230 nm photodissociation of vibrationally excited CO2 at temperatures up to 1800 K was studied using Resonance Enhanced Multiphoton Ionization (REMPI) and time-sliced Velocity Map Imaging (VMI). CO2 molecules seeded in He were heated in an SiC tube attached to a pulsed valve and supersonically expanded to create a molecular beam of rotationally cooled but vibrationally hot CO2. Photodissociation was observed from vibrationally excited CO2 with internal energies up to about 20 000 cm-1, and CO(X1Σ+), O(3P), and O(1D) products were detected by REMPI. The large enhancement in the absorption cross section with increasing CO2 vibrational excitation made this investigation feasible. The internal energies of heated CO2 molecules that absorbed 230 nm radiation were estimated from the kinetic energy release (KER) distributions of CO(X1Σ+) products in v″ = 0. At 230 nm, CO2 needs to have at least 4000 cm-1 of rovibrational energy to absorb the UV radiation and produce CO(X1Σ+) + O(3P). CO2 internal energies in excess of 16 000 cm-1 were confirmed by observing O(1D) products. It is likely that initial absorption from levels with high bending excitation accesses both the A1B2 and B1A2 states, explaining the nearly isotropic angular distributions of the products. CO(X1Σ+) product internal energies were estimated from REMPI spectroscopy, and the KER distributions of the CO(X1Σ+), O(3P), and O(1D) products were obtained by VMI. The CO product internal energy distributions change with increasing CO2 temperature, suggesting that more than one dynamical pathway is involved when the internal energy of CO2 (and the corresponding available energy) increases. The KER distributions of O(1D) and O(3P) show broad internal energy distributions in the CO(X1Σ+) cofragment, extending up to the maximum allowed by energy but peaking at low KER values. Although not all the observations can be explained at this time, with the aid of available theoretical studies of CO2 VUV

  15. Equivalent-core calculation of core-level relaxation energies in photoelectron spectroscopy: A molecular-orbital approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Y. [Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Zhuang, G.; Ross, P.N. [Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Van Hove, M.A.; Fadley, C.S. [Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)]|[Department of Physics, University of California at Davis, Davis, California 95616 (United States)

    1998-10-01

    The equivalent-core approximation is implemented in a novel way so as to calculate core-level relaxation energies in photoelectron spectroscopy. The method is based on self-consistent field (SCF) Hartree{endash}Fock molecular-orbital calculations via linear combinations of atomic orbitals, and involves evaluating the difference of sums of two-electron Coulomb and exchange integrals, for all electrons in an atom and in its equivalent-core ion. By thus avoiding SCF calculations with a core hole present (the true final state of photoemission), this procedure is shown to significantly save computing time in comparison with an exact SCF direct-hole calculation. Application of the method in single atoms and selected molecules shows about a 10{percent} difference with respect to direct-hole calculation results. The approximation introduces about 1{endash}6 eV errors compared to the experimental results of gas phase molecules. This method thus should be a generally useful procedure for estimating relaxation energies in core spectra. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

  16. The surface core level shift for lithium at the surface of lithium borate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wooten, David [Air Force Institute of Technology, 2950 Hobson Way, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433-7765 (United States); Ketsman, I.; Xiao, Jie [Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, P.O. Box 880111, Lincoln, NE 68588-0111 (United States); Losovyj, Ya.B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, P.O. Box 880111, Lincoln, NE 68588-0111 (United States); J. Bennett Johnston Sr. Center for Advanced Microstructures and Devices, Louisiana State University, 6980 Jefferson Highway, Baton Rouge, LA 70806 (United States); Petrosky, J.; McClory, J. [Air Force Institute of Technology, 2950 Hobson Way, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH 45433-7765 (United States); Burak, Ya.V.; Adamiv, V.T. [Institute of Physical Optics, Dragomanov 23, Lviv 79005 (Ukraine); Dowben, P.A., E-mail: pdowben@unl.ed [Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, P.O. Box 880111, Lincoln, NE 68588-0111 (United States)

    2010-01-01

    The shallow Li 1s core level exhibits a surface-to-bulk core level shift for the stoichiometric Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}(1 1 0) surface. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy was used to indentify Li 1s bulk and surface core level components at binding energies -56.5+-0.4 and -53.7+-0.5 eV, respectively. We find photoemission evidence for surface states of Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}(1 1 0) that exist in the gap of the projected bulk density of states. The existence of surface states is consistent with the large surface-to-bulk core level shift for the Li 1s core.

  17. Ab initio surface core-level shifts and surface segregation energies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aldén, Magnus; Skriver, Hans Lomholt; Johansson, Börje

    1993-01-01

    We have calculated the surface core-level energy shifts of the 4d and 5d transition metals by means of local-density theory and a Green’s-function technique based on the linear muffin-tin orbitals method. Final-state effects are included by treating the core-ionized atom as an impurity located...

  18. Deep layer-resolved core-level shifts in the beryllium surface

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aldén, Magnus; Skriver, Hans Lomholt; Johansson, Börje

    1993-01-01

    Core-level energy shifts for the beryllium surface region are calculated by means of a Green’s function technique within the tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbitals method. Both initial- and final-state effects in the core-ionization process are fully accounted for. Anomalously large energy shifts...

  19. CORE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krigslund, Jeppe; Hansen, Jonas; Hundebøll, Martin

    2013-01-01

    different flows. Instead of maintaining these approaches separate, we propose a protocol (CORE) that brings together these coding mechanisms. Our protocol uses random linear network coding (RLNC) for intra- session coding but allows nodes in the network to setup inter- session coding regions where flows...... intersect. Routes for unicast sessions are agnostic to other sessions and setup beforehand, CORE will then discover and exploit intersecting routes. Our approach allows the inter-session regions to leverage RLNC to compensate for losses or failures in the overhearing or transmitting process. Thus, we...... increase the benefits of XORing by exploiting the underlying RLNC structure of individual flows. This goes beyond providing additional reliability to each individual session and beyond exploiting coding opportunistically. Our numerical results show that CORE outperforms both forwarding and COPE...

  20. CORE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krigslund, Jeppe; Hansen, Jonas; Hundebøll, Martin

    2013-01-01

    different flows. Instead of maintaining these approaches separate, we propose a protocol (CORE) that brings together these coding mechanisms. Our protocol uses random linear network coding (RLNC) for intra- session coding but allows nodes in the network to setup inter- session coding regions where flows...... intersect. Routes for unicast sessions are agnostic to other sessions and setup beforehand, CORE will then discover and exploit intersecting routes. Our approach allows the inter-session regions to leverage RLNC to compensate for losses or failures in the overhearing or transmitting process. Thus, we...... increase the benefits of XORing by exploiting the underlying RLNC structure of individual flows. This goes beyond providing additional reliability to each individual session and beyond exploiting coding opportunistically. Our numerical results show that CORE outperforms both forwarding and COPE...

  1. Evidence of the nature of core-level photoemission satellites using angle-resolved photoemission extended fine structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moler, E.J.; Kellar, S.A.; Huff, W.R.A. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

    1997-04-01

    The authors present a unique method of experimentally determining the angular momentum and intrinsic/extrinsic origin of core-level photoemission satellites by examining the satellite diffraction pattern in the Angle Resolved Photoemission Extended Fine Structure (ARPEFS) mode. They show for the first time that satellite peaks not associated with chemically differentiated atomic species display an ARPEFS intensity oscillation. They present ARPEFS data for the carbon 1s from ({radical}3x{radical}3)R30 CO/Cu(111) and p2mg(2xl)CO/Ni(110), nitrogen 1s from c(2x2) N{sub 2}/Ni(100), cobalt 1s from p(1x1)Co/Cu(100), and nickel 3p from clean nickel (111). The satellite peaks and tails of the Doniach-Sunjic line shapes in all cases exhibit ARPEFS curves which indicate an angular momentum identical to the main peak and are of an intrinsic nature.

  2. Surface core-level shifts for Pt single-crystal surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baetzold, R. C.; Apai, G.; Shustorovich, E.; Jaeger, R.

    1982-10-01

    The (111) and (110) surfaces of Pt, clean, oxidized, and covered by CO, have been investigated for surface 4f core-level binding-energy shifts. For the (111) face the surface Pt4f72 core level was shifted by 0.40+/-0.05 eV to lower binding energy relative to the bulk peak. On the (110)-(1×2) reconstructed surface similarly shifted peaks at 0.21+/-0.05 and 0.55+/-0.05 eV were observed. Chemisorbed carbon monoxide shifts the Pt(111) surface-related core level by 1.3 eV to higher binding energy. Formation of subsurface oxygen did not produce changes in the Pt(111)4f72 core-level binding energies. The results obtained are explained and their possible implications are discussed.

  3. ZBLAN玻璃中Pr3+掺杂离子3P0和1D2能级的发光特性和寿命%Fluorescent Properties and Lifetimes of 3P0 and 1D2 Levels in Pr3+: ZBLAN Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海贵; 戴振文; 孙志伟; 孙桂娟

    2005-01-01

    对ZBLAN氟锆酸盐玻璃中pr3+掺杂离子3P0和1D2能级的寿命和发光特性进行了较详细的光谱学研究.首先测量了两种掺杂浓度(质量分数分别为1×10-3,5×10-3)的Pr3+:ZBLAN玻璃的吸收光谱,然后运用时间分辨激光光谱技术测量了3P0和1D2能级在激光单光子共振激发下的荧光发射谱和能级寿命.将不同荧光发射谱带的强度和文献报道的Judd-Ofelt理论计算辐射跃迁几率数值做了比较分析,证明了文献中理论计算结果的可靠性.由于浓度猝灭效应,在相同的激发条件下,掺杂浓度为1×10-3样品的荧光发射强度明显大于5×10-3样品的荧光发射强度.但是从我们的测量结果看,掺杂浓度对3P0和1D2的能级寿命值无显著影响.掺杂浓度为1×10-3时,Pr3+离子3P0和1D2能级的寿命值分别为46,322μs.

  4. Nonlinear optics at the single-photon level inside a hollow core fiber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hofferberth, Sebastian; Peyronel, Thibault; Liang, Qiyu

    2011-01-01

    Cold atoms inside a hollow core fiber provide an unique system for studying optical nonlinearities at the few-photon level. Confinement of both atoms and photons inside the fiber core to a diameter of just a few wavelengths results in high electric field intensity per photon and large optical...... depths with a relatively small number of atoms. We present our experimental apparatus and discuss results regarding all-optical switching at ultra-low light levels....

  5. $^3P_2$ Superfluids Are Topological

    CERN Document Server

    Mizushima, Takeshi

    2016-01-01

    We clarify the topology of the $^3P_2$ superfluidity which is expected to be realized in the cores of neutron stars and cubic odd-parity superconductors. The phase diagram includes the unitary uniaxial/biaxial nematic phases and nonunitary ferromagnetic and cyclic phases. We here show that the low-energy structures of all the phases are governed by different types of topologically protected gapless fermionic excitations: Surface Majorana fermions in nematic phases, single itinerant Majorana fermion in the ferromagnetic phase, and a quartet of itinerant Majorana fermions in the cyclic phase. Using the superfluid Fermi liquid theory, we also demonstrate that dihedral-two and -four biaxial nematic phases are thermodynamically favored in the weak coupling limit under a magnetic field. The mass acquisition of surface Majorana fermions in nematic phases is subject to symmetry.

  6. Air Force Core Values: An Analysis of Mid-Level Career Officers' Values and Their Suitability to Instill Them

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Keith, Steven

    1997-01-01

    .... To these concerns, this research seeks to evaluate the level of integration of Air Force core values in mid-level career officers, and their subsequent suitability to help instill the core values in subordinates...

  7. Detection of subsurface core-level shifts in Si 2p core-level photoemission from Si(111)-(1x1):As

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paggel, J.J. [Philipps-Universitaet Marburg (Germany); Hasselblatt, M.; Horn, K. [Fritz-Haber Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschraft, Berlin (Germany)] [and others

    1997-04-01

    The (7 x 7) reconstruction of the Si(111) surface arises from a lowering energy through the reduction of the number of dangling bonds. This reconstruction can be removed by the adsorption of atoms such as hydrogen which saturate the dangling bonds, or by the incorporation of atoms, such as arsenic which, because of the additional electron it possesses, can form three bonds and a nonreactive lone pair orbital from the remaining two electrons. Core and valence level photoemission and ion scattering data have shown that the As atoms replace the top silicon atoms. Previous core level spectra were interpreted in terms of a bulk and a single surface doublet. The authors present results demonstrate that the core level spectrum contains two more lines. The authors assign these to subsurface silicon layers which also experience changes in the charge distribution when a silicon atom is replaced by an arsenic atom. Subsurface core level shifts are not unexpected since the modifications of the electronic structure and/or of photohole screening are likely to decay into the bulk and not just to affect the top-most substrate atoms. The detection of subsurface components suggests that the adsorption of arsenic leads to charge flow also in the second double layer of the Si(111) surface. In view of the difference in atomic radius between As and Si, it was suggested that the (1 x 1): As surface is strained. The presence of charge rearrangement up to the second double layer implies that the atomic coordinates also exhibit deviations from their ideal Si(111) counterparts, which might be detected through a LEED I/V or photoelectron diffraction analysis.

  8. Spin polarization and magnetic dichroism in core-level photoemission from ferromagnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menchero, Jose Gabriel [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1997-05-01

    In this thesis we present a theoretical investigation of angle- and spin-resolved core-level photoemission from ferromagnetic Fe and Ni. We also consider magneto-dichroic effects due to reversal of the photon helicity or reversal of the sample magnetization direction. In chapter 1, we provide a brief outline of the history of photoemission, and show how it has played an important role in the development of modern physics. We then review the basic elements of the theory of core-level photoemission, and discuss the validity of the some of the commonly-used approximations. In chapter 2, we present a one-electron theory to calculate spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectra for an arbitrary photon polarization. The Hamiltonian includes both spin-orbit and exchange interactions. As test cases for the theory, we calculate the spin polarization and magnetic dichroism for the Fe 2p core level, and find that agreement with experiment is very good.

  9. Adlayer Core-Level Shifts of Random Metal Overlayers on Transition-Metal Substrates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ganduglia-Pirovano, M. V.; Kudrnovský, J.; Scheffler, M.

    1997-01-01

    We calculate the difference of the ionization energies of a core electron of a surface alloy, i.e., a B atom in a A(1-x)B(x) overlayer on a fee B(001) substrate, and a core electron of the clean fee B(001) surface using density-functional theory. We analyze the initial-state contributions and the...... the initial-state trends are explained in terms of the change of inter- and intra-atomic screening upon alloying. A possible role of alloying on the chemical reactivity of metal surfaces is discussed....... and the screening effects induced by the core hole, and study the influence of the alloy composition for a number of noble metal-transition metal systems. Our analysis clearly indicates the importance of final-state screening effects for the interpretation of measured core-level shifts. Calculated deviations from...

  10. Assessing Stationarity in Ice Core Record-Sea Level Pressure Relationships for Yukon Territory Ice Core Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelsey, E. P.; Wake, C. P.; Osterberg, E. C.

    2014-12-01

    We assess the stationarity of the relationship between Northern Hemisphere winter (Dec-Feb) sea-level pressure (SLP) and proxy time series (major ions, accumulation, and stable isotopes) from the Eclipse (3017 m asl) and the Mt. Logan Prospector-Russell Col (PRCol; 5340 m asl) ice cores from Yukon, Canada. We develop a novel spatial calibration procedure to identify ranges of ice core values that are associated with consistent winter SLP anomaly patterns. Each ice core variable time series was ranked and divided into groups of 13 years each. We assess stationarity by splitting the 1872-2001 analysis period in half (1872-1936 and 1937-2001) and comparing the locations and magnitudes of SLP anomaly patterns during the two periods for each group of ice core values. Northern Hemisphere monthly mean SLP from the 20th Century Reanalysis dataset are used. The high accumulation rate (1.38 m a-1) at Eclipse allows us to analyze 6-month seasonal mean values (Oct-Mar and Apr-Sep), whereas annual mean values are used from PRCol where the accumulation rate is lower (0.40 m a-1). The Eclipse cold season accumulation and PRCol annual mean sodium concentrations (Na+) exhibit the strongest correlations with winter SLP anomaly patterns. In particular, the lowest and highest 20% annual Na+ values at PRCol and lowest 10% cold season accumulation values at Eclipse exhibit stationarity with consistent SLP anomaly patterns in the North Pacific for all three time periods. A weaker Aleutian Low consistently occurred in the central to eastern North Pacific for the lowest Na+ years at PRCol and lowest accumulation cold seasons at Eclipse, although these groups of years are mostly independent. A stronger Aleutian Low occurs in the North Pacific for the highest Na+ years at PRCol. A stationary SLP anomaly pattern is not observed through all three time periods for high cold season accumulation at Eclipse. Application of this calibration procedure with other traditional calibration and

  11. Modeling Shallow Core-Level Transitions in the Reflectance Spectra of Gallium-Containing Semiconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoute, Nicholas; Aspnes, David

    2012-02-01

    The electronic structure of covalent materials is typically approached by band theory. However, shallow core level transitions may be better modeled by an atomic-scale approach. We investigate shallow d-core level reflectance spectra in terms of a local atomic-multiplet theory, a novel application of a theory typically used for higher-energy transitions on more ionic type material systems. We examine specifically structure in reflectance spectra of GaP, GaAs, GaSb, GaSe, and GaAs1-xPx due to transitions that originate from Ga3d core levels and occur in the 20 to 25 eV range. We model these spectra as a Ga^+3 closed-shell ion whose transitions are influenced by perturbations on 3d hole-4p electron final states. These are specifically spin-orbit effects on the hole and electron, and a crystal-field effect on the hole, attributed to surrounding bond charges and positive ligand anions. Empirical radial-strength parameters were obtained by least-squares fitting. General trends with respect to anion electronegativity are consistent with expectations. In addition to the spin-orbit interaction, crystal-field effects play a significant role in breaking the degeneracy of the d levels, and consequently are necessary to understand shallow 3d core level spectra.

  12. Exploring the Perceptions of Core Values of Nursing in Taiwanese Nursing Students at the Baccalaureate Level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chun-Chih; Han, Chin-Yen; Pan, I-Ju; Lin, Pi-Li

    2016-06-01

    The core values of nursing are a standard component of the nursing curriculum in Taiwan. Therefore, these values provide an essential guide for educating and evaluating the learning outcomes of nursing students. Student perceptions of those core values that relate to the process of curricula learning are key to measuring the core values of nursing. This study explores the views on the core values of nursing of baccalaureate-level nursing students at a Taiwanese university. This qualitative study collected data from the reflection reports of 109 students and analyzed these data using thematic content analysis. The results of this study identified that the learning of core values of nursing tends to utilize the latent curriculum rather than the open curriculum. Critical thinking was perceived and experienced by asking "why." General clinical skills and basic biomedical science were categorized collectively as care ability, which relates to the thinking, analysis, and mapping of client health problems. The value of communication and teamwork capability was defined as the sequential process of accepting, interacting, communicating, and collaborating. Caring was defined as contributing empathy with respect to one's self and to others. Ethics was defined as a moral perspective, as respecting others, and as prioritizing the needs of clients. Accountability was defined as a way of observing standards within the role given in a position. Finally, lifelong learning is a process of learning that encourages more aggressive learning. The progress of core values of nursing in this study reflects positive movement and achievement. The participants expressed the perception that the core values of nursing enhance understanding, which enables nursing educators to reframe the nursing curriculum to meet their learning needs. The perceptions of nursing students of core values of nursing may be used as a guide to increase clinical nursing competence in healthcare.

  13. Polymers and Cross-Linking: A CORE Experiment to Help Students Think on the Submicroscopic Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruce, Mitchell R. M.; Bruce, Alice E.; Avargil, Shirly; Amar, Francois G.; Wemyss, Thomas M.; Flood, Virginia J.

    2016-01-01

    The Polymers and Cross-Linking experiment is presented via a new three phase learning cycle: CORE (Chemical Observations, Representations, Experimentation), which is designed to model productive chemical inquiry and to promote a deeper understanding about the chemistry operating at the submicroscopic level. The experiment is built on two familiar…

  14. Core level excitations — A fingerprint of structural and electronic properties of epitaxial silicene

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Friedlein, R.; Fleurence, A.; Aoyagi, K.; Jong, de M.P.; Van Bui, H.; Wiggers, F.B.; Yoshimoto, S.; Koitaya, T.; Shimizu, S.; Noritake, H.; Mukai, K.; Yoshinobu, J.; Yamada-Takamura, Y.

    2014-01-01

    From the analysis of high-resolution Si 2p photoelectron and near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectra, we show that core level excitations of epitaxial silicene on ZrB2(0001) thin films are characteristically different from those of sp 3-hybridized silicon. In particular, it is rev

  15. Molecular Spectroscopy in Hollow-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber at the 10 kHz Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chenchen; Knabe, Kevin; Wu, Shun; Lim, Jinkang; Tillman, Karl; Washburn, Brian; Corwin, Kristan; Wheeler, Natalie; Couny, Francois; Benabid, Fetah

    2010-03-01

    High-accuracy spectroscopy in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF) is desirable for many applications, including frequency references and trace gas analysis. We demonstrate the narrowest sub-Doppler linewidths attained in HC-PCF using large-core kagome structured fiber. Such fibers can yield highly accurate frequency measurements that are about two orders of magnitude higher than previously reported. A fiber laser is locked to the ^12C2H2 ν1+ν3 P(13) transition inside kagome fiber, and compared with two optical frequency combs referenced to a GPS-disciplined Rb oscillator. The absolute frequency of the measured line center agrees with those measured in power build-up cavities to within 9.3 kHz (1 σ error). Approaches to further narrow the linewidths and improve systematic errors are investigated. The present system thus combines accuracy approaching that of power build-up cavities with the potential to be compact, robust, and integrated into an all-fiber system for a portable near-infrared frequency reference. Supported by AFOSR FA9950-05-1-0304 and NSF ECS-0449295.

  16. New determination of the core-level life-time broadenings in mercury

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martensson, Nils, E-mail: nils.martensson@fysik.uu.se; Svensson, Svante

    2015-07-15

    Highlights: • We report core-level life-time widths for mercury in the gas phase. • Photoelectron spectra for the 4p, 4d, 4f and 5p levels are analyzed. • A Coster–Kronig like CI effect is observed for the 4d{sub 3/2} level. - Abstract: Previously recorded and published photoelectron spectroscopic data for mercury in the gas phase has been reanalyzed. The life-time broadenings have been determined for a large number of core levels. It is then seen that a recent detailed derivation of core-level line-widths based on X-ray emission spectroscopy give life-time widths that are generally too large. The 4d{sub 3/2}4d{sub 5/2}nd Coster–Kronig (CK) transition is also discussed. We find that the additional broadening of the 4d{sub 3/2} level for mercury metal is indeed due to a CK decay, in contrast to recent claims. In atomic mercury, however, the CK process in energetically forbidden. In spite of this we find that the 4d{sub 3/2} level is broadened also in this case. We propose that this is due to a mixing between the 4d{sub 3/2} hole state and discrete 4d{sub 5/2}nd states.

  17. High Level Analysis, Design and Validation of Distributed Mobile Systems with CoreASM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farahbod, R.; Glässer, U.; Jackson, P. J.; Vajihollahi, M.

    System design is a creative activity calling for abstract models that facilitate reasoning about the key system attributes (desired requirements and resulting properties) so as to ensure these attributes are properly established prior to actually building a system. We explore here the practical side of using the abstract state machine (ASM) formalism in combination with the CoreASM open source tool environment for high-level design and experimental validation of complex distributed systems. Emphasizing the early phases of the design process, a guiding principle is to support freedom of experimentation by minimizing the need for encoding. CoreASM has been developed and tested building on a broad scope of applications, spanning computational criminology, maritime surveillance and situation analysis. We critically reexamine here the CoreASM project in light of three different application scenarios.

  18. Whisker-reinforced dental core buildup composites: effect of filler level on mechanical properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, H H; Smith, D T; Schumacher, G E; Eichmiller, F C

    2000-12-15

    The strength and toughness of dental core buildup composites in large stress-bearing restorations need to be improved to reduce the incidence of fracture due to stresses from chewing and clenching. The aims of the present study were to develop novel core buildup composites reinforced with ceramic whiskers, to examine the effect of filler level, and to investigate the reinforcement mechanisms. Silica particles were fused onto the whiskers to facilitate silanization and to roughen the whisker surface for improved retention in the matrix. Filler level was varied from 0 to 70%. Flexural strength, compressive strength, and fracture toughness of the composites were measured. A nano-indentation system was used to measure elastic modulus and hardness. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to examine the fracture surfaces of specimens. Whisker filler level had significant effects on composite properties. The flexural strength in MPa (mean +/- SD; n = 6) increased from (95+/-15) for the unfilled resin to (193+/- 8) for the composite with 50% filler level, then slightly decreased to (176+/-12) at 70% filler level. The compressive strength increased from (149+/-33) for the unfilled resin to (282+/-48) at 10% filler level, and remained equivalent from 10 to 70% filler level. Both the modulus and hardness increased monotonically with filler level. In conclusion, silica particle-fused ceramic single-crystalline whiskers significantly reinforced dental core buildup composites. The reinforcement mechanisms appeared to be crack deflection and bridging by the whiskers. Whisker filler level had significant effects on the flexural strength, compressive strength, elastic modulus, and hardness of composites.

  19. Core-level magnetic circular dichroism in 3d and 4f magnetic systems (invited) (abstract)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koide, T.

    1994-05-01

    With the recent availability of circulary polarized synchrotron radiation over a wide photon energy range from VUV to hard X rays, the magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) in core-level photoabsorption has rapidly attracted growing interest, both experimentally and theoretically. This novel technique can provide element-specific and site-selective information about the magnetic and the electronic states in various magnetic substances because the core-level MCD process involves optical transitions in which the one-electron initial states are well localized and have well-defined angular momenta. In order to get insight into the local magnetic states in 3d and 4f magnetic systems, we have studied MCD of ferrites, Fe1-xPtx alloys, and mixed-valence CeRh3B2 at the core-absorption edges in the VUV˜soft x-ray region. The experiments were performed by utilizing directly characterized, circularly polarized undulator radiation and off-plane synchrotron radiation1 in conjunction with an ultrahigh vacuum compatible superconducting magnet of special design.2 Clear MCD signals were observed for CeRh3B2 in the prethreshold region of the Ce 4d→4f (N4,5) edges. A comparison of the experimental MCD spectrum with theoretical ones3 for uniaxial crystal fields of Δc=0 and 0.2 eV shows that the experimental spectrum qualitatively agrees with the theoretical one for Δc=0 eV. Theory predicts that the MCD pattern for ΔcCeRh3B2. We will also present the MCD data in the M2,3 core-absorption region for ferrites (Fe3O4 and CoFe2O4) and Fe1-xPtx alloys, discussing the results.

  20. Identifying heavy metal levels in historical flood water deposits using sediment cores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lintern, Anna; Leahy, Paul J; Heijnis, Henk; Zawadzki, Atun; Gadd, Patricia; Jacobsen, Geraldine; Deletic, Ana; Mccarthy, David T

    2016-11-15

    When designing mitigation and restoration strategies for aquatic systems affected by heavy metal contamination, we must first understand the sources of these pollutants. In this study, we introduce a methodology that identifies the heavy metal levels in floodplain lake sediments deposited by one source; fluvial floods. This is done by comparing sediment core heavy metal profiles (i.e., historical pollution trends) to physical and chemical properties of sediments in these cores (i.e., historical flooding trends). This methodology is applied to Willsmere and Bolin Billabongs, two urban floodplain lakes (billabongs) of the Yarra River (South-East Australia). Both billabongs are periodically inundated by flooding of the Yarra River and one billabong (Willsmere Billabong) is connected to an urban stormwater drainage network. 1-2-m long sediment cores (containing sediment deposits up to 500 years old) were taken from the billabongs and analysed for heavy metal concentrations (arsenic, chromium, copper, lead, nickel, zinc). In cores from both billabongs, arsenic concentrations are high in the flood-borne sediments. In Bolin Billabong, absolute metal levels are similar in flood and non-flood deposits. In Willsmere Billabong, absolute copper, lead and zinc levels were generally lower in fluvial flood-borne sediments in the core compared to non-fluvial sediments. This suggests that heavy metal concentrations in Bolin Billabong sediments are relatively similar regardless of whether or not fluvial flooding is occurring. However for Willsmere Billabong, heavy metal concentrations are high when overland runoff, direct urban stormwater discharges or atmospheric deposition is occurring. As such, reducing the heavy metal concentrations in these transport pathways will be of great importance when trying to reduce heavy metal concentrations in Willsmere Billabong sediments. This study presents a proof-of-concept that can be applied to other polluted aquatic systems, to understand the

  1. Ultra-sensitive Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) determination of calcium in ice cores at ppt level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traversi, R; Becagli, S; Castellano, E; Maggi, V; Morganti, A; Severi, M; Udisti, R

    2007-07-02

    A Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) spectrofluorimetric method for calcium determination in ice cores was optimised in order to achieve better analytical performances which would make it suitable for reliable calcium measurements at ppt level. The method here optimised is based on the formation of a fluorescent compound between Ca and Quin-2 in buffered environment. A careful evaluation of operative parameters (reagent concentration, buffer composition and concentration, pH), influence of interfering species possibly present in real samples and potential favourable effect of surfactant addition was carried out. The obtained detection limit is around 15 ppt, which is one order of magnitude lower than the most sensitive Flow Analysis method for Ca determination currently available in literature and reproducibility is better than 4% for Ca concentrations of 0.2 ppb. The method was validated through measurements performed in parallel with Ion Chromatography on 200 samples from an alpine ice core (Lys Glacier) revealing an excellent fit between the two chemical series. Calcium stratigraphy in Lys ice core was discussed in terms of seasonal pattern and occurrence of Saharan dust events.

  2. Production Level CFD Code Acceleration for Hybrid Many-Core Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffy, Austen C.; Hammond, Dana P.; Nielsen, Eric J.

    2012-01-01

    In this work, a novel graphics processing unit (GPU) distributed sharing model for hybrid many-core architectures is introduced and employed in the acceleration of a production-level computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. The latest generation graphics hardware allows multiple processor cores to simultaneously share a single GPU through concurrent kernel execution. This feature has allowed the NASA FUN3D code to be accelerated in parallel with up to four processor cores sharing a single GPU. For codes to scale and fully use resources on these and the next generation machines, codes will need to employ some type of GPU sharing model, as presented in this work. Findings include the effects of GPU sharing on overall performance. A discussion of the inherent challenges that parallel unstructured CFD codes face in accelerator-based computing environments is included, with considerations for future generation architectures. This work was completed by the author in August 2010, and reflects the analysis and results of the time.

  3. Meeting the International Health Regulations (2005) surveillance core capacity requirements at the subnational level in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ziemann, Alexandra; Rosenkötter, Nicole; Riesgo, Luis Garcia-Castrillo;

    2015-01-01

    public health emergencies of international concern: (i) can syndromic surveillance support countries, especially the subnational level, to meet the International Health Regulations (2005) core surveillance capacity requirements, (ii) are European syndromic surveillance systems comparable to enable cross......-border surveillance, and (iii) at which administrative level should syndromic surveillance best be applied? DISCUSSION: Despite the ongoing criticism on the usefulness of syndromic surveillance which is related to its clinically nonspecific output, we demonstrate that it was a suitable supplement for timely...... assessment of the impact of three different public health emergencies affecting Europe. Subnational syndromic surveillance analysis in some cases proved to be of advantage for detecting an event earlier compared to national level analysis. However, in many cases, syndromic surveillance did not detect local...

  4. CAIA level I an introduction to core topics in alternative investments

    CERN Document Server

    Anson, Mark J P; CAIA Association; Black, Keith H; Kazemi, Hossein

    2012-01-01

    The official study text for the Level I Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst (CAIA) exam The Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst (CAIA) designation is the financial industry's first and only globally recognized program that prepares professionals to deal with the ever-growing field of alternative investments. The second edition of CAIA Level I: An Introduction to Core Topics in Alternative Investments contains comprehensive insights on the alternative investment issues a potential Level I candidate would need to know about as they prepare for the exam. The information found here will help you build a solid foundation in alternative investment markets--with coverage of everything from the characteristics of various strategies within each alternative asset class to portfolio management concepts central to alternative investments. * Uses investment analytics to examine each alternative asset class * Examines quantitative techniques used by investment professionals * Addresses the unique attributes a...

  5. First-principles calculation of core-level binding energy shift in surface chemical processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Combined with third generation synchrotron radiation light sources, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) with higher energy resolution, brilliance, enhanced surface sensitivity and photoemission cross section in real time found extensive applications in solid-gas interface chemistry. This paper reports the calculation of the core-level binding energy shifts (CLS) using the first-principles density functional theory. The interplay between the CLS calculations and XPS measurements to uncover the structures, adsorption sites and chemical reactions in complex surface chemical processes are highlight. Its application on clean low index (111) and vicinal transition metal surfaces, molecular adsorption in terms of sites and configuration, and reaction kinetics are domonstrated.

  6. Effects of vibrational motion on core-level spectra of prototype organic molecules

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uejio, Janel S.; Schwartz, Craig P.; Saykally, Richard J.; Prendergast, David

    2008-08-21

    A computational approach is presented for prediction and interpretation of core-level spectra of complex molecules. Applications are presented for several isolated organic molecules, sampling a range of chemical bonding and structural motifs. Comparison with gas phase measurements indicate that spectral lineshapes are accurately reproduced both above and below the ionization potential, without resort to ad hoc broadening. Agreement with experiment is significantly improved upon inclusion of vibrations via molecular dynamics sampling. We isolate and characterize spectral features due to particular electronic transitions enabled by vibrations, noting that even zero-point motion is sufficient in some cases.

  7. The Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML) Level 3 Package: Layout, Version 1 Core.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauges, Ralph; Rost, Ursula; Sahle, Sven; Wengler, Katja; Bergmann, Frank Thomas

    2015-09-04

    Many software tools provide facilities for depicting reaction network diagrams in a visual form. Two aspects of such a visual diagram can be distinguished: the layout (i.e.: the positioning and connections) of the elements in the diagram, and the graphical form of the elements (for example, the glyphs used for symbols, the properties of the lines connecting them, and so on). For software tools that also read and write models in SBML (Systems Biology Markup Language) format, a common need is to store the network diagram together with the SBML representation of the model. This in turn raises the question of how to encode the layout and the rendering of these diagrams. The SBML Level 3 Version 1 Core specification does not provide a mechanism for explicitly encoding diagrams, but it does provide a mechanism for SBML packages to extend the Core specification and add additional syntactical constructs. The Layout package for SBML Level 3 adds the necessary features to SBML so that diagram layouts can be encoded in SBML files, and a companion package called SBML Rendering specifies how the graphical rendering of elements can be encoded. The SBML Layout package is based on the principle that reaction network diagrams should be described as representations of entities such as species and reactions (with direct links to the underlying SBML elements), and not as arbitrary drawings or graphs; for this reason, existing languages for the description of vector drawings (such as SVG) or general graphs (such as GraphML) cannot be used.

  8. Quanty for core level spectroscopy - excitons, resonances and band excitations in time and frequency domain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haverkort, Maurits W.

    2016-05-01

    Depending on the material and edge under consideration, core level spectra manifest themselves as local excitons with multiplets, edge singularities, resonances, or the local projected density of states. Both extremes, i.e., local excitons and non-interacting delocalized excitations are theoretically well under control. Describing the intermediate regime, where local many body interactions and band-formation are equally important is a challenge. Here we discuss how Quanty, a versatile quantum many body script language, can be used to calculate a variety of different core level spectroscopy types on solids and molecules, both in the frequency as well as the time domain. The flexible nature of Quanty allows one to choose different approximations for different edges and materials. For example, using a newly developed method merging ideas from density renormalization group and quantum chemistry [1-3], Quanty can calculate excitons, resonances and band-excitations in x-ray absorption, photoemission, x-ray emission, fluorescence yield, non-resonant inelastic x-ray scattering, resonant inelastic x-ray scattering and many more spectroscopy types. Quanty can be obtained from: http://www.quanty.org.

  9. Core level excitations—A fingerprint of structural and electronic properties of epitaxial silicene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Friedlein, R., E-mail: friedl@jaist.ac.jp; Fleurence, A.; Aoyagi, K.; Yamada-Takamura, Y. [School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), 1-1, Asahidai, Nomi, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan); Jong, M. P. de; Van Bui, H.; Wiggers, F. B. [MESA Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands); Yoshimoto, S.; Koitaya, T.; Shimizu, S.; Noritake, H.; Mukai, K.; Yoshinobu, J. [The Institute for Solid State Physics, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan)

    2014-05-14

    From the analysis of high-resolution Si 2p photoelectron and near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectra, we show that core level excitations of epitaxial silicene on ZrB{sub 2}(0001) thin films are characteristically different from those of sp{sup 3}-hybridized silicon. In particular, it is revealed that the lower Si 2p binding energies and the low onset in the NEXAFS spectra as well as the occurrence of satellite features in the core level spectra are attributed to the screening by low-energy valence electrons and interband transitions between π bands, respectively. The analysis of observed Si 2p intensities related to chemically distinct Si atoms indicates the presence of at least one previously unidentified component. The presence of this component suggests that the observation of stress-related stripe domains in scanning tunnelling microscopy images is intrinsically linked to the relaxation of Si atoms away from energetically unfavourable positions.

  10. Photoemission and core-level magnetic circular dichroism studies of diluted magnetic semiconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujimori, A. [Department of Complexity Science and Engineering, Universtiy of Tokyo, 1-5-1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan) and Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, SPring-8, Mikazuki, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)]. E-mail: fujimori@phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Okabayashi, J. [Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyou-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Takeda, Y. [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, SPring-8, Mikazuki, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Mizokawa, T. [Department of Complexity Science and Engineering, Universtiy of Tokyo, 1-5-1 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan); Okamoto, J. [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, SPring-8, Mikazuki, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Mamiya, K. [Photon Factory, IMSS, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 (Japan); Saitoh, Y. [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, SPring-8, Mikazuki, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Muramatsu, Y. [Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, SPring-8, Mikazuki, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Oshima, M. [Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyou-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Ohya, S. [Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Tanaka, M. [Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

    2005-06-15

    An overview is given on the photoemission studies of the electronic structure of diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMS's), in particular of the prototypical ferromagnetic DMS Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As. Configuration-interaction cluster-model analyses of the photoemission data allow us to estimate the p-d exchange coupling constant and hence to predict how to increase the Curie temperature in new materials. Spectra near the Fermi level combined with the transport and optical properties suggest a highly incoherent metallic state for the ferromagnetic metallic phase. It is shown that new insight into the chemically and magnetically inhomogeneous states of DMS's can be gained by the temperature and magnetic field dependence of core-level magnetic circular dichroism signals.

  11. Core journals in library and information science: measuring the level of specialization over time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicolaisen, J.; Frandsen, T. F.

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Specialization in science is a process that occurs over time. The present paper presents a bibliometric method for measuring the degree of specialization over time. Methods. The method is based on bibliographic coupling, and counts the percentage of recitations given in subsequent...... years. The method is applied to a selection of core journals in library and information science (1990-2012). The reference lists of each journal are compared year by year, and the percentage of re-citations is calculated by dividing the number of re-citations with the total number of citations each year....... Results. The results indicate that the new measure adequately measures the intended phenomenon (i.e. specialization). Yet, the levels of re-citations and development over time may also partly be explained by the obsolescence phenomenon. A study of the median citation age and the level of specialization...

  12. Thermoelastic properties of Zn3P2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerward, Leif; Olsen, J. Staun; Waśkowska, A.

    2011-01-01

    The bulk modulus and thermal expansion of Zn3P2 has been investigated at pressures up to 21GPa and temperatures down to 100K. The experimental zero-pressure bulk modulus is 80.7 ± 1.8GPa, in accordance with the bulk modulus scaling and lattice properties of the related compound Cd3P2. A tetragonal...... to orthorhombic phase transformation occurs above 11GPa with a relative volume change of-7.1%. Values for the thermal expansion coefficient are reported at 293, 200 and 100K....

  13. Wettability evaluation of a carbonate reservoir rock from core to pore level

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Yousef, H.Y.; Lichaa, P.M.; Al-Kaabi, A.U.; Alpustun, H.

    1995-10-01

    Wettability evaluation was performed during stags of as received, cleaned, and restored states on core samples form a Saudi Arabian carbonate reservoir. The wettability behavior from the chemistry of brine-oil-carbonate rock interaction was found to be neutral to slightly oil-wet. The pore-size distribution obtained from mercury injection data indicated that about 15--20 percent of the pore volume is not accessible to asphaltene particles in the crude oil. Therefore a mixed-wettability state can exist. These results were confirmed by the evaluation of the wettability of the cores using USBM and Amott techniques. The wettability at the pore level was studied using Cryo-Scanning Electron Microscopy. Rock samples were examined at irreducible water and residual oil saturations during cleaned and restored states. At irreducible water saturation, both oil and brine were present in the intergranular macroporosity and intragranular macropores and micropores. At residual oil saturation,oil was found in the form of isolated globules in the cleaned case. After aging, the oil is more loosely distributed in the porosity and generally contacts the pore walls. This indicates an evolution toward oil wetness with aging. These results are in agreement with the changes of wettability indices obtained using USBM technique.

  14. Exploring the core level shift origin of sulfur and thiolates on Pd(111) surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvarezza, Roberto Carlos; Carro, Pilar

    2015-10-01

    Thiol molecules on planar metal surfaces are widely used for building sensing and electronic devices and also as capping agents to protect and to control the size and shape of nanoparticles. In the case of Pd the thiol molecules exhibit a complex behavior because C-S bond scission is possible, resulting in a significant amount of co-adsorbed S. Therefore identification of these species on Pd is a key point for many applications, a task that is usually achieved by XPS. Here we show, from DFT calculations, that the core level shift (CLS) of the S 2p binding energy (BE) of thiol and sulfur on different thiol-Pd(111) surface models strongly depends on the adsorbed or subsurface state of sulfur atoms. Our results reflect the complexity of S 2p BE behavior and contribute to understanding and reanalyzing the experimental data of thiolated Pd surfaces.

  15. Recommendations for Training in Pediatric Psychology: Defining Core Competencies Across Training Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janicke, David M.; McQuaid, Elizabeth L.; Mullins, Larry L.; Robins, Paul M.; Wu, Yelena P.

    2014-01-01

    Objective As a field, pediatric psychology has focused considerable efforts on the education and training of students and practitioners. Alongside a broader movement toward competency attainment in professional psychology and within the health professions, the Society of Pediatric Psychology commissioned a Task Force to establish core competencies in pediatric psychology and address the need for contemporary training recommendations. Methods The Task Force adapted the framework proposed by the Competency Benchmarks Work Group on preparing psychologists for health service practice and defined competencies applicable across training levels ranging from initial practicum training to entry into the professional workforce in pediatric psychology. Results Competencies within 6 cluster areas, including science, professionalism, interpersonal, application, education, and systems, and 1 crosscutting cluster, crosscutting knowledge competencies in pediatric psychology, are presented in this report. Conclusions Recommendations for the use of, and the further refinement of, these suggested competencies are discussed. PMID:24719239

  16. Core-level electronic properties of nanostructured NiO coatings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palacin, S. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Gutierrez, A. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: a.gutierrez@uam.es; Preda, I.; Hernandez-Velez, M. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Sanz, R. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales, CSIC, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Jimenez, J.A. [Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Metalurgicas, CSIC, Av. Gregorio del Amo 8, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Soriano, L. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2007-10-31

    Nanostructured NiO films with different thicknesses were grown on nanoporous alumina membrane substrates by reactive evaporation of Ni in an oxygen atmosphere. The reactive deposition process was assisted by a low energy oxygen ion-beam in order to increase the NiO input into the pores. Surface morphology and structure of the films were analyzed by SEM and XPS. SEM observations reveal a well adhered film of NiO on the substrate. This film appears to be uniform and presents a rather irregular nanostructured morphology, built of NiO clusters with sizes ranging between 5 and 30 nm. The core-level electronic properties of this nanostructured NiO film result to be similar to those of an ultrathin film about one monolayer thick. This behaviour can be explained by the large surface to volume ratio of both systems.

  17. Comparison of ground reaction forces during the Basic Step on the Core Board platform at various levels of stability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karczewska, Magdalena; Madej, Anna; Sadowska, Aleksandra; Mastalerz, Andrzej; Urbanik, Czesław

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to examine and compare the changes of ground reaction forces observed during the Basic Step on the Core Board fitness device at various levels of stability. The study involved 10 female students. Participants stepped on and off the Core Board 10 times at 3 levels of stability. After completing a series of steps, the Core Board's stability was modified and the participant repeated the whole series. The measurement platform to examine three components of the reaction force (horizontal in the sagittal and frontal planes, and vertical) was used. The ground reaction force (GRF) observed on the Core Board, in the vertical and horizontal components is higher at all three levels of stability than on the platform without the device. Significant differences in GRF were observed in the horizontal component in the frontal plane (Fz) at all three levels of mobility as well as in impulse, measured on platforms with the device. The results on the Core Board training device present highest horizontal ground reaction forces in frontal plane at the highest level of Core Board mobility and this showing little medio-lateral stability and a more reactive way of movement regulation of the participants. As a consequence of the force patterns found it may be suggested that fitness training concepts should focus more possibly higher strains on the locomotor system most likely caused by changed ground reaction force patterns, an idea that has to be further analyzed with more complex measurement approaches.

  18. Characterization of tuyere-level core-drill coke samples from blast furnace operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    S. Dong; N. Paterson; S.G. Kazarian; D.R. Dugwell; R. Kandiyoti [Imperial College London, London (United Kingdom). Department of Chemical Engineering

    2007-12-15

    A suite of tuyere-level coke samples have been withdrawn from a working blast furnace during coal injection, using the core-drilling technique. The samples have been characterized by size exclusion chromatography (SEC), Fourier transform Raman spectroscopy (FT-RS), and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy. The 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP) extracts of the cokes sampled from the 'bosh', the rear of the 'bird's nest', and the 'dead man' zones were found by SEC to contain heavy soot-like materials (ca. 10{sup 7}-10{sup 8} apparent mass units). In contrast, NMP extracts of cokes taken from the raceway and the front of the 'bird's nest' only contained a small amount of material of relatively lower apparent molecular mass (up to ca. 10{sup 5} u). Since the feed coke contained no materials extractable by the present method, the soot-like materials are thought to have formed during the reactions of volatile matter released from the injectant coal, probably via dehydrogenation and repolymerization of the tars. The Raman spectra of the NMP-extracted core-drilled coke samples showed variations reflecting their temperature histories. Area ratios of D-band to G-band decreased as the exposure temperature increased, while intensity ratios of D to G band and those of 2D to G bands increased with temperature. The graphitic (G), defect (D), and random (R) fractions of the carbon structure of the cokes were also derived from the Raman spectra. The R fractions decreased with increasing temperature, whereas G fractions increased, while the D fractions showed a more complex variation with temperature. These data appear to give clues regarding the graphitization mechanism of tuyere-level cokes in the blast furnace. 41 refs., 9 figs., 6 tabs.

  19. Core-Level Modeling and Frequency Prediction for DSP Applications on FPGAs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gongyu Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs provide a promising technology that can improve performance of many high-performance computing and embedded applications. However, unlike software design tools, the relatively immature state of FPGA tools significantly limits productivity and consequently prevents widespread adoption of the technology. For example, the lengthy design-translate-execute (DTE process often must be iterated to meet the application requirements. Previous works have enabled model-based, design-space exploration to reduce DTE iterations but are limited by a lack of accurate model-based prediction of key design parameters, the most important of which is clock frequency. In this paper, we present a core-level modeling and design (CMD methodology that enables modeling of FPGA applications at an abstract level and yet produces accurate predictions of parameters such as clock frequency, resource utilization (i.e., area, and latency. We evaluate CMD’s prediction methods using several high-performance DSP applications on various families of FPGAs and show an average clock-frequency prediction error of 3.6%, with a worst-case error of 20.4%, compared to the best of existing high-level prediction methods, 13.9% average error with 48.2% worst-case error. We also demonstrate how such prediction enables accurate design-space exploration without coding in a hardware-description language (HDL, significantly reducing the total design time.

  20. Optimisation of glaciological parameters for ice core chronology by implementing counted layers between identified depth levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazin, L.; Lemieux-Dudon, B.; Landais, A.; Guillevic, M.; Kindler, P.; Parrenin, F.; Martinerie, P.

    2014-08-01

    A~recent coherent chronology has been built for 4 Antarctic ice cores and the NorthGRIP (NGRIP) Greenland ice core (Antarctic Ice Core Chronology 2012, AICC2012) using a bayesian approach for ice core dating (Datice). When building the AICC2012 chronology, and in order to prevent any confusion with official ice cores chronology, it has been imposed that the AICC2012 chronology for NGRIP should respect exactly the GICC05 chronology based on layer counting. However, such a strong tuning did not satisfy the hypothesis of independence of background parameters and observations for the NGRIP core as required by Datice. We present here the implementation in Datice of a new type of markers that is better suited to constraints deduced from layer counting: the markers of age-difference. Using this type of markers for NGRIP in a 5 cores dating exercise with Datice, we have performed several sensitivity tests and show that the new ice core chronologies obtained with these new markers do not differ by more than 400 years from AICC2012 for Antarctic ice cores and by more than 130 years from GICC05 for NGRIP over the last 60 000 years. With this new parameterization, the accumulation rate and lock-in depth associated with NGRIP are more coherent with independent estimates than those obtained in AICC2012. While these new chronologies should not be used yet as new ice core chronologies, the improved methodology presented here should be considered in the next coherent ice core dating exercise.

  1. Uncertainties of the neutronic calculations at core level determined by the KARATE code system and the KIKO3D code

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panka, Istvan; Kereszturi, Andras [Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest (Hungary). Reactor Analysis Dept.

    2013-09-15

    In this paper the uncertainties of the neutronic calculations at core level - originating from the uncertainties of the basic nuclear data - are presented. The investigations have been made for a VVER-1000 core (Kozloduy-6) defined in the frame of the OECD NEA UAM benchmark. In the first part of the paper, the uncertainties of the effective multiplication factor, the assembly-wise radial power distribution, the axial power distribution and the rod worth are shown. After that the preliminary evaluation of the uncertainties of the neutron kinetic calculations are presented for a rod movement transient at HZP (Hot Zero Power) state, where the uncertainties of the time dependent core and assembly powers and the dynamic reactivity were evaluated. In both cases, we will see that the most important quantities - at core level and at HZP state - have a considerable uncertainty which is originating from the uncertainties of the basic cross section library in these investigations. (orig.)

  2. Seismic Performance of Precast Reinforced Concrete Core Wall with Horizontal Tied Rebars at Mid Height Level of First Story

    OpenAIRE

    Nakachi, Tadaharu

    2013-01-01

    Precast core walls are considered effective for construction because they can be built more quickly than cast-in-place core walls. Previously, we conducted a lateral loading test on a full precast wall column simulating the area near the corner of an L-shaped core wall in order to examine the seismic performance. The wall column was divided into precast columns, and horizontal tied rebars were concentrated at the second and third floor levels to connect the precast columns. In this study, a l...

  3. Radioactivity levels in a firn core from the Yukon Territory, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holdsworth, G.; Pourchet, M.; Prantl, F. A.; Meyerhof, D. P.

    Gross β-activity and tritium concentration measurements made on a 26.8m length of consolidated snow (firn) core retrieved from an altitude of 5340 m on Mt. Logan (Yukon Territory, Canada) have revealed a detailed chronology of natural and anthropogenic radioactivity levels extending from about 1943 to 1980. Oxygen isotope measurements were used to assist in the dating of the core and a reliable time scale spanning 1950-1980 has been established with an accuracy of at least ± 0.5 y, and in some cases ± 0.25y. An immediate result is the establishment of mean annual accumulation rates, which are, for the years 1963-1980: 0.36m y -1 and for 1951-1980: 0.39m y - water equivalent. Another result is the estimation of the 'stratospheric residence time' for the fission fallout products (mainly 90Sr and 137Cs). A value of the stratospheric residence time of about 1 y is derived from data spanning 1963-1967. Reference to the history of atmospheric thermonuclear device testing shows that individual or specific groups of tests by different countries can be identified. Comparison of the gross β-activity data with a similar set from Station Centrale (Greenland) shows that although the same trends exist in the two data sets, the amplitude of most corresponding major peaks in the Greenland data is significantly lower. Since the accumulation rates at the two sites are almost identical and since the deposition of radioactive aerosols in any case is expected to be dominated by dry fall-out, the differences are assumed to be related to the trajectory path and to the diffusion rates of the radionuclide clouds.

  4. Usage Level of Non-Farsi Periodicals within Arts Library and Determination of Core Journals

    OpenAIRE

    Saadat Ahmadzadeh

    2007-01-01

    The present study was conducted to determine the core non-farsi periodicals within the library of the Faculty of Fine Arts in University of Tehran. 125 non-farsi journal subscriptions for 2004 were selected. 150 graduate students and 50 faculty members were surveyed. Bibliometric method along with statistical analysis were employed to determine the core journals. Journals within any given field were ranked by both students and the faculty. Core journals were matched against these ranked journ...

  5. 50 years anniversary of the discovery of the core level chemical shifts. The early years of photoelectron spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mårtensson, Nils [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, 751 20 Uppsala (Sweden); Sokolowski, Evelyn [Tvär-Ramsdal 1, 611 99 Tystberga (Sweden); Svensson, Svante, E-mail: Svante.Svensson@fysik.uu.se [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, 751 20 Uppsala (Sweden)

    2014-03-01

    Highlights: • 50 years since the discovery of t the core level chemical shift. • The pioneering years of ESCA. • A critical review of the first core electron chemical shift results. - Abstract: The pioneering years of photoelectron spectroscopy in Uppsala are discussed, especially the work leading to the discovery of the core level chemical shifts. At a very early stage of the project, the pioneering group observed what they described as evidence for chemical shifts in the core level binding energies. However, it can now be seen that the initial observations to a large extent was due to charging of the samples. It is interesting to note that the decisive experiment was realized, not as a result of a systematic study, but was obtained with a large element of serendipity. Only when a chemical binding energy shift was observed between two S2p electron lines in the same molecule, the results were accepted internationally, and the fascinating expansion of modern core level photoelectron spectroscopy could start.

  6. Promoting Research as a Core Value in Master's-Level Counselor Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huber, Charles H.; Savage, Todd A.

    2009-01-01

    Theory, practice, and research are all espoused to be core values within counselor education. The authors assert that research needs to become directly associated with theory and practice for it to be a concurrent core value. "Action research" is most simply defined as a form of research that is practitioner based. The authors propose infusing…

  7. Collecting signatures to model latency tolerance in high-level simulations of microthreaded cores

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Irfan Uddin, M.; Jesshope, C.R.; van Tol, M.W.; Poss, R.

    2012-01-01

    The current many-core architectures are generally evaluated by a detailed emulation with a cycle-accurate simulation of the execution time. However this detailed simulation of the architecture makes the evaluation of large programs very slow. Since the focus in many-core architecture is shifting

  8. Raising FLAGS: Renewing Core French at the Pre-service Teacher Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Carr

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available A new program for core French teacher candidates called FLAGS (French Language and Global Studies was established at the University of British Columbia (UBC in 2007. The program is intended for those who are keen to teach core French and possess rudimentary proficiency in the language but may not necessarily have the same proficiency or prior coursework as candidates applying to existing French specialist cohorts. The FLAGS program begins with a five-week summer immersion experience through Explore! and then proceeds with UBC's regular Bachelor of Education program but with an added French conversation course, a core French methodology course and a core French practicum concentration (augmented, in some cases, with a three-week practicum in a francophone locale. FLAGS is intended to address the less than satisfactory state of elementary core French teaching and learning in British Columbia.

  9. Raising FLAGS: Renewing Core French at the Pre-service Teacher Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Carr

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A new program for core French teacher candidates called FLAGS (French Language and Global Studies was established at the University of British Columbia (UBC in 2007. The program is intended for those who are keen to teach core French and possess rudimentary proficiency in the language but may not necessarily have the same proficiency or prior coursework as candidates applying to existing French specialist cohorts. The FLAGS program begins with a five-week summer immersion experience through Explore! and then proceeds with UBC's regular Bachelor of Education program but with an added French conversation course, a core French methodology course and a core French practicum concentration (augmented, in some cases, with a three-week practicum in a francophone locale. FLAGS is intended to address the less than satisfactory state of elementary core French teaching and learning in British Columbia.

  10. Core level photoelectron spectroscopy on the lanthanide-induced hydrolysis of DNA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shigekawa, Hidemi; Ikawa, Hiroyuki; Yoshizaki, Ryozo; Iijima, Yoshitoki; Sumaoka, Jun; Komiyama, Makoto

    1996-03-01

    The electronic structures of the complexes of diphenyl phosphate (DPP), a model compound of DNA, with lanthanide ions have been investigated to shed light on the mechanism of the cerium (IV)-induced nonenzymatic hydrolysis of DNA. Binding energies of the P 2p core level of DPP were 134.2 eV for the complexes with La(III), Eu(III), and Lu(III), and was 134.4 eV for the Ce(IV) complex, when the metal/DPP molar ratio was 1:1. When the molar ratio was increased, only Ce(IV), the most active metal ion for DNA hydrolysis, showed a chemical shift of ˜0.5 eV toward the higher binding energy region. The chemical shift of ˜0.5 eV toward the higher binding energy region. The chemical shift was due to the systematic increase in the intensity of the higher binding energy component. The observed change in the electronic structure of the DPP-Ce(IV) complex may be related to the superb ability of Ce(IV) for the hydrolysis of DNA.

  11. The Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML): Language Specification for Level 3 Version 1 Core.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hucka, Michael; Bergmann, Frank T; Hoops, Stefan; Keating, Sarah M; Sahle, Sven; Schaff, James C; Smith, Lucian P; Wilkinson, Darren J

    2015-09-04

    Computational models can help researchers to interpret data, understand biological function, and make quantitative predictions. The Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML) is a file format for representing computational models in a declarative form that can be exchanged between different software systems. SBML is oriented towards describing biological processes of the sort common in research on a number of topics, including metabolic pathways, cell signaling pathways, and many others. By supporting SBML as an input/output format, different tools can all operate on an identical representation of a model, removing opportunities for translation errors and assuring a common starting point for analyses and simulations. This document provides the specification for Version 1 of SBML Level 3 Core. The specification defines the data structures prescribed by SBML as well as their encoding in XML, the eXtensible Markup Language. This specification also defines validation rules that determine the validity of an SBML document, and provides many examples of models in SBML form. Other materials and software are available from the SBML project web site, http://sbml.org/.

  12. Recommendations for training in pediatric psychology: defining core competencies across training levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palermo, Tonya M; Janicke, David M; McQuaid, Elizabeth L; Mullins, Larry L; Robins, Paul M; Wu, Yelena P

    2014-10-01

    As a field, pediatric psychology has focused considerable efforts on the education and training of students and practitioners. Alongside a broader movement toward competency attainment in professional psychology and within the health professions, the Society of Pediatric Psychology commissioned a Task Force to establish core competencies in pediatric psychology and address the need for contemporary training recommendations.   The Task Force adapted the framework proposed by the Competency Benchmarks Work Group on preparing psychologists for health service practice and defined competencies applicable across training levels ranging from initial practicum training to entry into the professional workforce in pediatric psychology.   Competencies within 6 cluster areas, including science, professionalism, interpersonal, application, education, and systems, and 1 crosscutting cluster, crosscutting knowledge competencies in pediatric psychology, are presented in this report.   Recommendations for the use of, and the further refinement of, these suggested competencies are discussed. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Pediatric Psychology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  13. Can circular dichroism in core-level photoemission provide a spectral fingerprint of adsorbed chiral molecules?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allegretti, F [Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Polcik, M [Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, D 14195 Berlin (Germany); Sayago, D I [Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, D 14195 Berlin (Germany); Demirors, F [Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, D 14195 Berlin (Germany); O' Brien, S [Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Nisbet, G [Centre for Applied Catalysis, Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield HD1 3DH (United Kingdom); Lamont, C L A [Centre for Applied Catalysis, Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield HD1 3DH (United Kingdom); Woodruff, D P [Physics Department, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom)

    2005-04-01

    The results of experimental measurements and theoretical simulations of circular dichroism in the angular distribution (CDAD) of photoemission from atomic core levels of each of the enantiomers of a chiral molecule, alanine, adsorbed on Cu(1 1 0) are presented. Measurements in, and out of, substrate mirror planes allow one to distinguish the CDAD due to the chirality of the sample from that due to a chiral experimental geometry. For these studies of oriented chiral molecules, the CDAD is seen not only in photoemission from the molecular chiral centre, but also from other atoms which have chiral geometries as a result of the adsorption. The magnitude of the CDAD due to the sample chirality differs for different adsorption phases of alanine, and for different emission angles and energies, but is generally small compared with CDAD out of the substrate mirror planes which is largely unrelated to the molecular chirality. While similar measurements of other molecules may reveal larger CDAD due to molecular chirality, the fact that the results for one chiral molecule show weak effects means that such CDAD is unlikely to provide a simple and routine general spectral fingerprint of adsorbed molecular chirality.

  14. Enantioselective Modulatory Effects of Naringenin  Enantiomers on the Expression Levels of miR-17-3p  Involved in Endogenous Antioxidant Defenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curti, Valeria; Di Lorenzo, Arianna; Rossi, Daniela; Martino, Emanuela; Capelli, Enrica; Collina, Simona; Daglia, Maria

    2017-02-28

    Naringenin is a flavanone present in citrus fruit as a mixture of chiral isomers. The numerous biological properties attributed to this compound include antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, even though the molecular mechanisms of these remain unknown. This study aims to evaluate the effects of racemic and enantiomeric naringenin on the expression levels of miR-17-3p, miR-25-5p and relative mRNA targets, to elucidate the mechanisms underlying these antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Caco-2 cells, a well characterized in vitro model which mimics the intestinal barrier, were treated with subtoxic concentrations of racemate and enantiomers. The expression levels of miR-17-3p and miR-25-5p were determined by Real-Time PCR and were found to be decreased for both miRNAs. miR-17-3p behavior was in agreement with the increased levels of target mRNAs coding for two antioxidant enzymes, manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and glutathione peroxidase 2 (GPx2), while expression levels of miR-25-5p were not in agreement with its target mRNAs, coding for two pro-inflammatory cytokines, Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6). These results lead to the conclusion that naringenin could exert its antioxidant activity through epigenetic regulation operated by miRNAs, while anti-inflammatory activity is regulated by other miRNAs and/or mechanisms.

  15. Engineering task plan for upgrades to the leveling jacks on core sample trucks number 3 and 4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    KOSTELNIK, A.J.

    1999-02-24

    Characterizing the waste in underground storage tanks at the Hanford Site is accomplished by obtaining a representative core sample for analysis. Core sampling is one of the numerous techniques that have been developed for use given the environmental and field conditions at the Hanford Site. Core sampling is currently accomplished using either Push Mode Core Sample Truck No.1 or; Rotary Mode Core Sample Trucks No.2, 3 or 4. Past analysis (WHC 1994) has indicated that the Core Sample Truck (CST) leveling jacks are structurally inadequate when lateral loads are applied. WHC 1994 identifies many areas where failure could occur. All these failures are based on exceeding the allowable stresses listed in the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) code. The mode of failure is for the outrigger attachments to the truck frame to fail resulting in dropping of the CST and possible overturning (Ref. Ziada and Hundal, 1996). Out of level deployment of the truck can exceed the code allowable stresses in the structure. Calculations have been performed to establish limits for maintaining the truck level when lifting. The calculations and the associated limits are included in appendix A. The need for future operations of the CSTS is limited. Sampling is expected to be complete in FY-2001. Since there is limited time at risk for continued use of the CSTS with the leveling controls without correcting the structural problems, there are several design changes that could give incremental improvements to the operational safety of the CSTS with limited impact on available operating time. The improvements focus on making the truck easier to control during lifting and leveling. Not all of the tasks identified in this ETP need to be performed. Each task alone can improve the safety. This engineering task plan is the management plan document for implementing the necessary additional structural analysis. Any additional changes to meet requirements of standing orders shall require a

  16. An implementation of core level spectroscopies in a real space Projector Augmented Wave density functional theory code

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ljungberg, M.P.; Mortensen, Jens Jørgen; Pettersson, L.G.M.

    2011-01-01

    We describe the implementation of K-shell core level spectroscopies (X-ray absorption (XAS), X-ray emission (XES), and X-ray photoemission (XPS)) in the real-space-grid-based Projector Augmented Wave (PAW) GPAW code. The implementation for XAS is based on the Haydock recursion method avoiding com...

  17. Comparative study of the core level photoemission of the ZrB{sub 2} and ZrB{sub 12}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huerta, L. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Duran, A. [Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 2681, Ensenada, Baja California 22800 (Mexico); Falconi, R. [Division Academica de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad Juarez Autonoma de Tabasco, Cunduacan, Tabasco, CP 86690, AP 24 (Mexico); Flores, M. [Departamento de Ingenieria de Proyectos, CUCEI, Universidad de Guadalajara, AP 307, Zapopan Jal 45101 (Mexico); Escamilla, R., E-mail: rauleg@servidor.unam.m [Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2010-05-01

    X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) were used to investigate the binding energies and valence band for ZrB{sub 2} and ZrB{sub 12}. The Zr 3d and B 1s core levels were identified. The Zr 3d core level shows a spin-orbit split 3d{sub 5/2} and 3d{sub 3/2} while that for B 1s core level exhibited a single symmetric peak, these being typical of zirconium and boride signals. Comparing the Zr 3d and B 1s core levels with metallic Zr, B{sub 2}O{sub 3} and ZrO{sub 2} reference materials only a negative chemical shift for Zr 3d associated to ZrB{sub 2} was observed, which suggests that the charge transfer model based on the concept of electronegativity was not applicable to explain the superconductivity in the ZrB{sub 12} sample. The measured valence band using UPS is consistent with the band-structure calculations indicating a higher density of states (DOS) at E{sub F} for ZrB{sub 12} respect to ZrB{sub 2}. Finally, we found that the weak mixed B-p and Zr-d states for ZrB{sub 12} is crucial for the superconductivity due to the state population increased the DOS at the E{sub F}.

  18. Usage Level of Non-Farsi Periodicals within Arts Library and Determination of Core Journals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saadat Ahmadzadeh

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to determine the core non-farsi periodicals within the library of the Faculty of Fine Arts in University of Tehran. 125 non-farsi journal subscriptions for 2004 were selected. 150 graduate students and 50 faculty members were surveyed. Bibliometric method along with statistical analysis were employed to determine the core journals. Journals within any given field were ranked by both students and the faculty. Core journals were matched against these ranked journals. Given the foreign currency constraints, acquisition of titles really needed would maximize the existing capabilities as well as preventing unnecessary purchases. The existing periodicals provided only 49.3% of research queries. Students and faculty usage rate of images contained within these journal was 70.6% while only 29.4% was dedicated to printed articles

  19. Direct imaging the upconversion nanocrystal core/shell structure at the subnanometer level: shell thickness dependence in upconverting optical properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Fan; Che, Renchao; Li, Xiaomin; Yao, Chi; Yang, Jianping; Shen, Dengke; Hu, Pan; Li, Wei; Zhao, Dongyuan

    2012-06-13

    Lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles have shown considerable promise in solid-state lasers, three-dimensional flat-panel displays, and solar cells and especially biological labeling and imaging. It has been demonstrated extensively that the epitaxial coating of upconversion (UC) core crystals with a lattice-matched shell can passivate the core and enhance the overall upconversion emission intensity of the materials. However, there are few papers that report a precise link between the shell thickness of core/shell nanoparticles and their optical properties. This is mainly because rare earth fluoride upconversion core/shell structures have only been inferred from indirect measurements to date. Herein, a reproducible method to grow a hexagonal NaGdF(4) shell on NaYF(4):Yb,Er nanocrystals with monolayer control thickness is demonstrated for the first time. On the basis of the cryo-transmission electron microscopy, rigorous electron energy loss spectroscopy, and high-angle annular dark-field investigations on the core/shell structure under a low operation temperature (96 K), direct imaging the NaYF(4):Yb,Er@NaGdF(4) nanocrystal core/shell structure at the subnanometer level was realized for the first time. Furthermore, a strong linear link between the NaGdF(4) shell thickness and the optical response of the hexagonal NaYF(4):Yb,Er@NaGdF(4) core/shell nanocrystals has been established. During the epitaxial growth of the NaGdF(4) shell layer by layer, surface defects of the nanocrystals can be gradually passivated by the homogeneous shell deposition process, which results in the obvious enhancement in overall UC emission intensity and lifetime and is more resistant to quenching by water molecules.

  20. Core Journals in library and information science: Measuring the level of specialization over time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicolaisen, Jeppe; Frandsen, Tove Faber

    2013-01-01

    years. The method is applied to a selection of core journals in library and information science (1990-2012). The reference lists of each journal are compared year by year, and the percentage of re-citations is calculated by dividing the number of re-citations with the total number of citations each year...

  1. S-Net: High-level coordination for the many-core era

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grelck, C.; Scholz, S.-B.; Shafarenko, A.

    2010-01-01

    S-Net is a coordination language that aims at reconciling the legacy world of sequential software and programming techniques with the hardware reality in the many-core era. This is achieved through a near-complete separation of conventional application programming from concurrency-related concerns.

  2. Microstructure-dependent mechanical properties of electrospun core-shell scaffolds at multi-scale levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horner, Christopher B; Ico, Gerardo; Johnson, Jed; Zhao, Yi; Nam, Jin

    2016-06-01

    Mechanical factors among many physiochemical properties of scaffolds for stem cell-based tissue engineering significantly affect tissue morphogenesis by controlling stem cell behaviors including proliferation and phenotype-specific differentiation. Core-shell electrospinning provides a unique opportunity to control mechanical properties of scaffolds independent of surface chemistry, rendering a greater freedom to tailor design for specific applications. In this study, we synthesized electrospun core-shell scaffolds having different core composition and/or core-to-shell dimensional ratios. Two independent biocompatible polymer systems, polyetherketoneketone (PEKK) and gelatin as the core materials while maintaining the shell polymer with polycaprolactone (PCL), were utilized. The mechanics of such scaffolds was analyzed at the microscale and macroscales to determine the potential implications it may hold for cell-material and tissue-material interactions. The mechanical properties of individual core-shell fibers were controlled by core-shell composition and structure. The individual fiber modulus correlated with the increase in percent core size ranging from 0.55±0.10GPa to 1.74±0.22GPa and 0.48±0.12GPa to 1.53±0.12GPa for the PEKK-PCL and gelatin-PCL fibers, respectively. More importantly, it was demonstrated that mechanical properties of the scaffolds at the macroscale were dominantly determined by porosity under compression. The increase of scaffold porosity from 70.2%±1.0% to 93.2%±0.5% by increasing the core size in the PEKK-PCL scaffold resulted in the decrease of the compressive elastic modulus from 227.67±20.39kPa to 14.55±1.43kPa while a greater changes in the porosity of gelatin-PCL scaffold from 54.5%±4.2% to 89.6%±0.4% resulted in the compressive elastic modulus change from 484.01±30.18kPa to 17.57±1.40kPa. On the other hand, the biphasic behaviors under tensile mechanical loading result in a range from a minimum of 5.42±1.05MPa to a maximum

  3. Species-level core oral bacteriome identified by 16S rRNA pyrosequencing in a healthy young Arab population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nezar Noor Al-hebshi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Reports on the composition of oral bacteriome in Arabs are lacking. In addition, the majority of previous studies on other ethnic groups have been limited by low-resolution taxonomic assignment of next-generation sequencing reads. Furthermore, there has been a conflict about the existence of a ‘core’ bacteriome. Objective: The objective of this study was to characterize the healthy core oral bacteriome in a young Arab population at the species level. Methods: Oral rinse DNA samples obtained from 12 stringently selected healthy young subjects of Arab origin were pyrosequenced (454's FLX chemistry for the bacterial 16S V1–V3 hypervariable region at an average depth of 11,500 reads. High-quality, non-chimeric reads ≥380 bp were classified to the species level using the recently described, prioritized, multistage assignment algorithm. A core bacteriome was defined as taxa present in at least 11 samples. The Chao2, abundance-based coverage estimator (ACE, and Shannon indices were computed to assess species richness and diversity. Results: Overall, 557 species-level taxa (211±42 per subject were identified, representing 122 genera and 13 phyla. The core bacteriome comprised 55 species-level taxa belonging to 30 genera and 7 phyla, namely Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Fusobacteria, Saccharibacteria, and SR1. The core species constituted between 67 and 87% of the individual bacteriomes. However, the abundances differed by up to three orders of magnitude among the study subjects. On average, Streptococcus mitis, Rothia mucilaginosa, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Neisseria flavescence/subflava group, Prevotella melaninogenica, and Veillonella parvula group were the most abundant. Streptococcus sp. C300, a taxon never reported in the oral cavity, was identified as a core species. Species richness was estimated at 586 (Chao2 and 614 (ACE species, whereas diversity (Shannon index averaged at 3.99. Conclusions

  4. Ab initio molecular dynamics study of hydrogen cleavage by a Lewis base [tBu3P] and a Lewis acid [B(C6F5)3] at the mesoscopic level--dynamics in the solute-solvent molecular clusters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pu, Maoping; Privalov, Timofei

    2014-12-01

    With the help of state-of-the-art ab initio molecular dynamics methods, we investigated the reaction pathway of the {tBu3 P + H2 + B(C6 F5 )3 } system at the mesoscopic level. It is shown that: i) the onset of H2 activation is at much larger boron⋅⋅⋅phosphorus distances than previously thought; ii) the system evolves to the product in a roaming-like fashion because of quasi-periodic nuclear motion along the asymmetric normal mode of P⋅⋅⋅HH⋅⋅⋅B fragment; iii) transient configurations of a certain type are present despite structural interference from the solvent; iv) transient-state configurations with sub-picosecond lifetime have potentially interesting infrared activity in the organic solvent (toluene) as well as in the gas phase. The presented results should be helpful for future experimental and theoretical studies of frustrated Lewis pair (FLP) activity.

  5. Magnetic Properties of Quantized Vortices in Neutron $^3P_2$ Superfluids in Neutron Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Masuda, Kota

    2015-01-01

    We discuss quantized vortices in neutron $^3P_2$ superfluids, which are believed to realize in high density neutron matter such as neutron stars. By using the Ginzburg-Landau free energy for $^3P_2$ superfluids, we determine the ground state in the absence and presence of the external magnetic field, and numerically construct $^3P_2$ quantized vortices in the absence and presence of the external magnetic field along the vortex axis (poloidal) or angular direction (toroidal). We find in certain situations the spontaneous magnetization of the vortex core, whose typical magnitude is about $10^{7-8}$ Gauss, but the net magnetic field in a neutron star is negligible because of the ratio of the vortex core size $\\sim 10$fm and the intervortex distance $\\sim 10^{-6}$m in a vortex lattice.

  6. Core Journals in library and information science: Measuring the level of specialization over time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicolaisen, Jeppe; Frandsen, Tove Faber

    2013-01-01

    years. The method is applied to a selection of core journals in library and information science (1990-2012). The reference lists of each journal are compared year by year, and the percentage of re-citations is calculated by dividing the number of re-citations with the total number of citations each year......Introduction. Specialization in science is a process that occurs over time. The present paper presents a bibliometric method for measuring the degree of specialization over time. Methods. The method is based on bibliographic coupling, and counts the percentage of recitations given in subsequent...

  7. ICL-induced miR139-3p and miR199a-3p have opposite roles in hematopoietic cell expansion and leukemic transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alemdehy, Mir Farshid; Haanstra, Jurgen R; de Looper, Hans W J; van Strien, Paulina M H; Verhagen-Oldenampsen, Judith; Caljouw, Yvette; Sanders, Mathijs A; Hoogenboezem, Remco; de Ru, Arnoud H; Janssen, George M C; Smetsers, Stephanie E; Bierings, Marc B; van Veelen, Peter A; von Lindern, Marieke; Touw, Ivo P; Erkeland, Stefan J

    2015-06-18

    Interstrand crosslinks (ICLs) are toxic DNA lesions that cause severe genomic damage during replication, especially in Fanconi anemia pathway-deficient cells. This results in progressive bone marrow failure and predisposes to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The molecular mechanisms responsible for these defects are largely unknown. Using Ercc1-deficient mice, we show that Trp53 is responsible for ICL-induced bone marrow failure and that loss of Trp53 is leukemogenic in this model. In addition, Ercc1-deficient myeloid progenitors gain elevated levels of miR-139-3p and miR-199a-3p with age. These microRNAs exert opposite effects on hematopoiesis. Ectopic expression of miR-139-3p strongly inhibited proliferation of myeloid progenitors, whereas inhibition of miR-139-3p activity restored defective proliferation of Ercc1-deficient progenitors. Conversely, the inhibition of miR-199a-3p functions aggravated the myeloid proliferation defect in the Ercc1-deficient model, whereas its enforced expression enhanced proliferation of progenitors. Importantly, miR-199a-3p caused AML in a pre-leukemic mouse model, supporting its role as an onco-microRNA. Target genes include HuR for miR-139-3p and Prdx6, Runx1, and Suz12 for miR-199a-3p. The latter genes have previously been implicated as tumor suppressors in de novo and secondary AML. These findings show that, in addition to TRP53-controlled mechanisms, miR-139-3p and miR-199a-3p are involved in the defective hematopoietic function of ICL-repair deficient myeloid progenitors.

  8. Determination of the level of water in the core of reactors PWR using neutron detectors signal ex core; Determinacion del nivel del agua del nucleo de reactores PWR usando la senal de detectores neutronicos excore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernal, A.; Abarca, A.; Miro, R.; Verdu, G.

    2014-07-01

    The level of water from the core provides relevant information of the neutronic and thermal hydraulic of the reactor as the power, k EFF and cooling capacity. In fact, this level monitoring can be used for prediction of LOCA and reduction of cooling that can cause damage to the core. There are several teams that measure a variety of parameters of the reactor, as opposed to the level of the water of the core. However, the detectors 'excore' measure fast neutrons which escape from the core and there are studies that demonstrate the existence of a relationship between them and the water level of the kernel due to the water shield. Therefore, a methodology has been developed to determine this relationship, using the Monte Carlo method using the MCNP code and apply variance reduction techniques based on the attached flow that is obtained using the method of discrete ordinates using code TORT. (Author)

  9. Spectra and oscillator strengths of 3p63d9-3p53d10 and 3p63d9-3p63d84p transitions for cobalt-like Sn23+ ion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Ming-Lun; Yu Xiao-Guang

    2009-01-01

    This paper calculates the spectra and oscillator strengths for highly ionized cobalt-like Sn23+ ions 3p63d9-3p53d10,3p63d9 - 3p63d84p transitions by using a multi-configuration self-consistent field method program together with the proposed fitting formula. The calculations have a good agreement with observations.

  10. Yes we can! Eliminating health disparities as part of the core business of nursing on a global level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villeneuve, Michael J

    2008-11-01

    Nurses in the 21st century are being called to rise to new levels of practice, including a more influential leadership at senior levels of policy development. Decades of research, good will, and a revolutionary civil rights movement have not resolved the world's staggering health outcome disparities. Nursing has a solution: Many of the most troubling disparities are amenable to effective intervention by the world's nurses through their clinical and policy work. The author challenges nurses to imagine the impact on global health if the elimination of disparities is the core goal of nursing for the 21st century. Moving from individuals and communities to systems levels, nurses must be versed in a range of system-level vital signs that affect policy development including economics, demographics, and access to care. Setting our sights on the elimination of health disparities offers a rallying point around which nursing can coalesce and set human health on a new and more equitable course.

  11. Core Competencies in Integrative Pain Care for Entry-Level Primary Care Physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tick, Heather; Chauvin, Sheila W; Brown, Michael; Haramati, Aviad

    2015-11-01

    The objective was to develop a set of core competencies for graduating primary care physicians in integrative pain care (IPC), using the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) domains. These competencies build on previous work in competencies for integrative medicine, interprofessional education, and pain medicine and are proposed for inclusion in residency training. A task force was formed to include representation from various professionals who are involved in education, research, and the practice of IPC and who represent broad areas of expertise. The task force convened during a 1.5-day face-to-face meeting, followed by a series of surveys and other vetting processes involving diverse interprofessional groups, which led to the consensus of a final set of competencies. The proposed competencies focus on interprofessional knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) and are in line with recommendations by the Institute of Medicine, military medicine, and professional pain societies advocating the need for coordination and integration of services for effective pain care with reduced risk and cost and improved outcomes. These ACGME domain compatible competencies for physicians reflect the contributions of several disciplines that will need to be included in evolving interprofessional settings and underscore the need for collaborative care. These core competencies can guide the incorporation of KSAs within curricula. The learning experiences should enable medical educators and graduating primary care physicians to focus more on integrative approaches, interprofessional team-based, patient-centered care that use evidence-based, traditional and complementary disciplines and therapeutics to provide safe and effective treatments for people in pain. Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. Coordination-resolved local bond strain and 3p energy entrapment of K atomic clusters and K(1 1 0) skin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Ting; Bo, Maolin; Guo, Yongling [Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Materials and Application Technologies (Ministry of Education), Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China); Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Thin Film Materials and Devices, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China); Chen, Hefeng [United Superconductive Institution, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Wang, Yan [School of Information and Electronic Engineering, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Hunan 411201 (China); Huang, Yongli, E-mail: huangyongli@xtu.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Materials and Application Technologies (Ministry of Education), Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China); Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Thin Film Materials and Devices, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China); Sun, Chang Q., E-mail: ecqsun@ntu.edu.sg [Key Laboratory of Low-Dimensional Materials and Application Technologies (Ministry of Education), Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China); Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Thin Film Materials and Devices, Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Xiangtan University, Hunan 411105 (China); School of Information and Electronic Engineering, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Hunan 411201 (China); NOVITAS, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798 (Singapore)

    2015-09-15

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Coordination environment resolves electron binding-energy shift of K{sub 44}, K{sub 46}, K{sub 55} clusters. • Predict the effective coordination number of K nanoclusters when we get the atomic number N. • Atomic under coordination shortens the local bonds and entrapment. • XPS derives core level of an isolated atom and its bulk shift. - Abstract: We have examined the atomic coordination effect on the local bond strain and the 3p core-level shift of K(1 1 0) skin and nanoclusters using a combination of the bond order–length–strength correlation notion, tight-binding approach, density functional theory calculations, and photoelectron spectroscopy measurements. It turns out that: (i) the 3p core-level shifts from 15.595 ± 0.003 eV for an isolated K atom by 2.758 eV to the bulk value of 18.353 eV; (ii) the effective atomic coordination number reduces from the bulk value of 12 to 3.93 for the first layer and to 5.81 for the second layer of K(1 1 0) skin associated with the local lattice strain of 12.76%, a binding energy density 72.67%, and atomic cohesive energy −62.46% for the skin; and (iii) K cluster size reduction lowers the effective atomic coordination number and enhances further the skin electronic attribution. Results have revealed that the 3p core-level shifts of K(1 1 0) and nanoclusters originate from perturbation of the Hamiltonian by under-coordination induced charge densification and quantum entrapment.

  13. Circulating serum miRNA (miR-367-3p, miR-371a-3p, miR-372-3p and miR-373-3p) as biomarkers in patients with testicular germ cell cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syring, Isabella; Bartels, Joanna; Holdenrieder, Stefan; Kristiansen, Glen; Müller, Stefan C; Ellinger, Jörg

    2015-01-01

    Classic serum tumor markers (human chorionic gonadotropin, α1-fetoprotein and lactate dehydrogenase) have an important role in managing testicular germ cell tumor. Since only 60% of all patients with testicular germ cell tumor have elevations of these markers, there is a need for new biomarkers with greater sensitivity/specificity. miRNAs are deregulated in cancer and could serve as noninvasive serum biomarkers. We explored the role of serum miRNAs as a novel biomarker in patients with testicular germ cell tumor. Total RNA was isolated from serum. miRNA levels were quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. We assessed the miRNAs miR-302a-3p, 302b-3p, 302c-3p, 367-3p, 371a-3p, 372-3p and 373-3p in a subcohort of 30 patients with testicular germ cell tumor and 18 healthy subjects. Validation was performed in 76 patients treated with inguinal exploration due to suspicion of testicular germ cell tumor, of whom 59 had cancer and 17 had benign disease, and in 84 healthy male subjects. Serum miR-367-3p, 371a-3p, 372-3p and 373-3p levels were significantly increased in patients with testicular germ cell tumor compared to healthy individuals and patients with nonmalignant testicular disease. In particular miR-371a-3p allowed for sensitive (84.7%) and specific (99%) identification of patients with testicular germ cell tumor, thus, outperforming human chorionic gonadotropin or α1-fetoprotein testing. Furthermore, miR-367-3p was increased in nonseminoma compared to seminoma cases. Serum miRNA levels were increased in patients with advanced local stage and metastasis. In 9 patients with localized (clinical stage 1A) testicular germ cell tumor serum miR-371a-3p levels decreased postoperatively, indicating tumor specific release. miR-371a-3p allows for better identification of testicular germ cell tumor than α1-fetoprotein and human chorionic gonadotropin. It could be helpful for clinically managing testicular germ cell tumor, especially for monitoring

  14. Tautomerism in 5-aminotetrazole investigated by core-level photoelectron spectroscopy and {Delta}SCF calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pinto, R.M., E-mail: ruipinto@fct.unl.pt [CFA, Centro de Fisica Atomica, Departamento de Fisica, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, FCT, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal); Dias, A.A. [CFA, Centro de Fisica Atomica, Departamento de Fisica, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, FCT, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal); Coreno, M. [CNR-IMIP, Montelibretti, Rome I-00016 (Italy); Simone, M. de [CNR-IOM, Laboratorio TASC, 34149 Trieste (Italy); Giuliano, B.M. [Departamento de Quimica da Universidade de Coimbra, 3004-535 Coimbra (Portugal); Santos, J.P.; Costa, M.L. [CFA, Centro de Fisica Atomica, Departamento de Fisica, Faculdade de Ciencias e Tecnologia, FCT, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal)

    2012-03-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High-resolution XPS of 5-aminotetrazole reveals different tautomers. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 5ATZ exists mainly in the 2H-form. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Results obtained with DSCF are in good agreement with the observed binding energies. - Abstract: The C 1s and N 1s photoelectron spectra of gas-phase 5-aminotetrazole (5ATZ) were recorded using synchrotron radiation, with the aim of evaluating 1H/2H tautomer population ratios. The core-electron binding energies (CEBEs) were estimated from computational results, using the delta self-consistent-field ({Delta}SCF) approach. Simulated spectra were generated using these CEBEs and the results from GAUSSIAN-n (Gn, n = 1, 2 and 3) and Complete Basis Set (CBS-4M and CBS-Q) methods. Results reveal the almost exclusive predominance of the 2H-tautomer, with a 1H/2H ratio of ca. 0.12/0.88, taken from a gross analysis of the XPS C 1s spectrum, recorded at 365 K.

  15. The value of examination of multiple levels of mammary needle core biopsy specimens taken for investigation of lesions other than calcification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Andrew H S; Villena Salinas, Nadia M; Hodi, Zsolt; Rakha, Emad A; Ellis, Ian O

    2012-12-01

    It is a standard practice to examine multiple levels of needle core biopsies taken for mammographic calcification, but there is almost no evidence on the value of levels in core biopsies taken for other reasons. This study aimed to assess the value of levels for needle core biopsies taken for investigation of lesions other than calcification. A secondary aim was to assess interobserver agreement of diagnosis. For each of the 375 breast core biopsies with three levels the first level was reviewed and a diagnosis made. Then levels 2 and 3 were reviewed and a final diagnosis was made. The diagnosis after examining three levels was different from that in the initial level in 4 of 272 (1.5%, 95% CI 0.04% to 3%) core biopsies taken for reasons other than calcification and in 13 of 103 (13%, 95% CI 6% to 19%) biopsies taken for investigation of calcification. Interobserver agreement of the original diagnosis at the time of reporting and the final diagnosis at the review for this study was 96% (κ 0.947). This study confirms the value of levels of biopsies taken to investigate mammographic calcification, but suggests that routine levels are of limited value for breast core biopsies taken for other reasons.

  16. Photoelectron spectroscopy at a free-electron laser. Investigation of space-charge effects in angle-resolved and core-level spectroscopy and realizaton of a time-resolved core-level photoemission experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marczynski-Buehlow, Martin

    2012-01-30

    The free-electron laser (FEL) in Hamburg (FLASH) is a very interesting light source with which to perform photoelectron spectroscopy (PES) experiments. Its special characteristics include highly intense photon pulses (up to 100 J/pulse), a photon energy range of 30 eV to 1500 eV, transverse coherence as well as pulse durations of some ten femtoseconds. Especially in terms of time-resolved PES (TRPES), the deeper lying core levels can be reached with photon energies up to 1500 eV with acceptable intensity now and, therefore, element-specific, time-resolved core-level PES (XPS) is feasible at FLASH. During the work of this thesis various experimental setups were constructed in order to realize angle-resolved (ARPES), core-level (XPS) as well as time-resolved PES experiments at the plane grating monochromator beamline PG2 at FLASH. Existing as well as newly developed systems for online monitoring of FEL pulse intensities and generating spatial and temporal overlap of FEL and optical laser pulses for time-resolved experiments are successfully integrated into the experimental setup for PES. In order to understand space-charge effects (SCEs) in PES and, therefore, being able to handle those effects in future experiments using highly intense and pulsed photon sources, the origin of energetic broadenings and shifts in photoelectron spectra are studied by means of a molecular dynamic N-body simulation using a modified Treecode Algorithm for sufficiently fast and accurate calculations. It turned out that the most influencing parameter is the ''linear electron density'' - the ratio of the number of photoelectrons to the diameter of the illuminated spot on the sample. Furthermore, the simulations could reproduce the observations described in the literature fairly well. Some rules of thumb for XPS and ARPES measurements could be deduced from the simulations. Experimentally, SCEs are investigated by means of ARPES as well as XPS measurements as a function of

  17. Precore/basal core promoter mutants and hepatitis B viral DNA levels as predictors for liver deaths and hepatocellular carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Myron J Tong; Lawrence M Blatt; Jia-Horng Kao; Jason Tzuying Cheng; William G Corey

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To conduct a retrospective study in 400 chronic hepatitis B patients in order to identify hepatitis B viral factors associated with complications of liver disease or development of hepatocellular carcinoma.METHODS: The mean follow-up time was 83.6 ± 39.6mo. Alpha-fetoprotein test and abdominal ultrasound were used for cancer surveillance. Hepatitis B basal core promoter mutants, precore mutants, genotypes,hepatitis B viral DNA (HBV DNA) level and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) were measured. Univariate analysis and logistic regression were used to assess odds ratios for viral factors related to liver deaths and hepatocellular carcinoma development.RESULTS: During follow-up, 38 patients had liver deaths not related to hepatocellular carcinoma. On multivariate analysis, older age [odds ratio: 95.74 (12.13-891.31);P < 0.0001], male sex [odds ratio: 7.61 (2.20-47.95);P = 0.006], and higher log10 HBV DNA [odds ratio:4.69 (1.16-20.43); P < 0.0001] were independently predictive for these liver related deaths. Also, 31 patients developed hepatocellular carcinoma. Multivariate analysis showed that older age [odds ratio: 26.51 (2.36-381.47);P = 0.007], presence of precore mutants [odds ratio:4.23 (1.53-19.58); P = 0.02] and presence of basal core promoter mutants [odds ratio: 2.93 (1.24-7.57); P =0.02] were independent predictors for progression to hepatocellular carcinoma.CONCLUSION: Our results show that high levels of baseline serum HBV DNA are associated with nonhepatocellular carcinoma-related deaths of liver failure,while genetic mutations in the basal core promoter and precore regions are predictive for development of hepatocellular carcinoma.

  18. Core levels, valence band structure and unoccupied states of clean InN surfaces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Himmerlich, Marcel; Eisenhardt, Anja; Schaefer, Juergen A.; Krischok, Stefan [Institut fuer Physik and Institut fuer Mikro- und Nanotechnologien, TU Ilmenau (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    In this study we used a surface analytics system directly connected to a MBE growth module to study the surface properties of thin InN films. The samples were prepared by plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy on GaN/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(0001) templates and exhibited a 2 x 2 reconstruction after growth. The prepared samples were analysed by photoelectron spectroscopy as well as electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). For the occupied states, a very good agreement to available theoretical calculations is found. Although, the valence band maximum is located at 1.6 eV, indicating strong downward band bending of {proportional_to}0.9 eV, photoemission is detected up to E{sub F}. This indicates that the Fermi level is pinned above the conduction band minimum, as recently predicted. The spin-orbit splitting of the In 4d level at 17.8 eV could be resolved using He II radiation. Furthermore, from the fine structure of the secondary electron cascade peak we extract the energy of different unoccupied states 0 eV to 9 eV above the vacuum level. These measurements enable us to identify features in the InN EELS spectra, with a loss energy larger than 16 eV, as interband transitions from the In 4d level.

  19. Significance of pregnancy test false negative results due to elevated levels of β-core fragment hCG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Sarah; Eapen, Saji; Smith, Peter; Warren, Graham; Zinaman, Michael

    2017-01-01

    Very high levels of β-core fragment human chorionic gonadotrophin (βcf-hCG) are reported to potentially cause false negative results in point-of-care (POC)/over-the-counter (OTC) pregnancy tests. To investigate this further, women's daily early morning urine samples, collected prior to conception and during pregnancy, were analysed for intact, free β-, and βcf-hCG. The proportion of βcf-hCG was found to be related to that of hCG produced and in circulation. Therefore, best practice for accuracy testing of POC/OTC pregnancy tests would be to test devices against clinical samples containing high levels of βcf-hCG as well as standards spiked with biologically relevant ratios.

  20. Core-level spectroscopy investigation of the Mo{sub 0.75}Re{sub 0.25}(100) surface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lyman, P.F.; Zehner, D.M.

    1993-10-01

    Preferential surface segregation in the Mo{sub 0.75}(100) surface region was investigated using high-resolution core-level spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation. The magnitude and direction of the surface core-level shifts observed in this study can be qualitatively understood by comparison to W and Mo core-level shifts. Measured core-level intensities are found to be consistent with the segregation of Mo to the surface of the alloy, with an enrichment of Re in the second layer (as found in previous investigations). It is inferred that both Tc and Os will segregate to the Mo{sub 0.75}Re{sub 0.25}(100) surface.

  1. The core and conserved role of MAL is homeostatic regulation of actin levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvany, Lara; Muller, Julius; Guccione, Ernesto; Rørth, Pernille

    2014-05-15

    The transcription cofactor MAL is regulated by free actin levels and thus by actin dynamics. MAL, together with its DNA-binding partner, SRF, is required for invasive cell migration and in experimental metastasis. Although MAL/SRF has many targets, we provide genetic evidence in both Drosophila and human cellular models that actin is the key target that must be regulated by MAL/SRF for invasive cell migration. By regulating MAL/SRF activity, actin protein feeds back on production of actin mRNA to ensure sufficient supply of actin. This constitutes a dedicated homeostatic feedback system that provides a foundation for cellular actin dynamics.

  2. Unified interpretation of Hund's first and second rules for 2p and 3p atoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyamada, Takayuki; Hongo, Kenta; Kawazoe, Yoshiyuki; Yasuhara, Hiroshi

    2010-10-28

    A unified interpretation of Hund's first and second rules for 2p (C, N, O) and 3p (Si, P, S) atoms is given by Hartree-Fock (HF) and multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock (MCHF) methods. Both methods exactly satisfy the virial theorem, in principle, which enables one to analyze individual components of the total energy E(=T+V(en)+V(ee)), where T, V(en), and V(ee) are the kinetic, the electron-nucleus attraction, and the electron-electron repulsion energies, respectively. The correct interpretation for each of the two rules can only be achieved under the condition of the virial theorem 2T+V=0 by investigating how V(en) and V(ee) interplay to attain the lower total potential energy V(=V(en)+V(ee)). The stabilization of the more stable states for all the 2p and 3p atoms is ascribed to a greater V(en) that is caused by contraction of the valence orbitals accompanied with slight expansion of the core orbitals. The contraction of the valence orbitals for the two rules is a consequence of reducing the Hartree screening of the nucleus at short interelectronic distances. The reduced screening in the first rule is due to a greater amount of Fermi hole contributions in the state with the highest total spin-angular momentum S. The reduced screening in the second rule is due to the fact that two valence electrons are more likely to be on opposite sides of the nucleus in the state with the highest total orbital-angular momentum L. For each of the two rules, the inclusion of correlation does not qualitatively change the HF interpretation, but HF overestimates the energy difference ∣ΔE∣ between two levels being compared. The magnitude of the correlation energy is significantly larger for the lower L states than for the higher L states since two valence electrons in the lower L states are less likely to be on opposite sides of the nucleus. The MCHF evaluation of ∣ΔE∣ is in excellent agreement with experiment. The present HF and MCHF calculations demonstrate the above statements

  3. Radiological consequence assessments of degraded core accident scenarios derived from a generic Level 2 PSA of a BWR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Homma, Toshimitsu; Ishikawa, Jun; Tomita, Kenichi; Muramatsu, Ken [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    2000-12-01

    The radiological consequence assessments have been made of postulated core damage accidents with source terms derived from a generic Level 2 PSA of a BWR carried out by the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI). The source terms used were for the five core damage accident sequences with the drywell and wetwell failure cases, the release control case by venting of the containment and the accident termination case by the containment spray. The radiological consequences have been assessed for individual dose, collective dose, individual risk of early health effects and individual risk of late health effects by a probabilistic accident consequence assessment code, OSCAAR developed in JAERI. Following conclusions were obtained for the assumed source terms. In case of the over pressure failures of the primary containment vessel, the early fatalities can be mitigated through the implementation of early countermeasures, and the late cancer fatalities remains small. For the release control and accident termination cases, the individual and collective doses to the public can be reduced without any countermeasures due to the release reduction of the volatile radionuclides such as iodine and cesium. (author)

  4. Elevation of circulating miR-210-3p in high-altitude hypoxic environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan eYan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The induction of miR-210-3p, a master hypoxamir, is a consistent feature of the hypoxic response in both normal and malignant cells. However, whether miR-210-3p acts as a circulating factor in response to a hypoxic environment remains unknown. The current study aimed to examine the effect of a high-altitude hypoxic environment on circulating miR-210-3p.Methods: We examined and compared the levels of miR-210-3p using TaqMan-based qRT-PCR in both peripheral blood cells and plasma from 84 ethnic Chinese Tibetans residing at 3560 m, 46 newly arrived migrant Han Chinese (Tibet Han and 82 Han Chinese residing at 8.9 m (Nanjing Han. Furthermore, we analyzed the correlations of miR-210-3p with hematological indices. Results: The relative concentrations of miR-210-3p to internal reference U6 in blood cells were significantly higher in the Tibet Han group (1.01±0.11, P<0.001 and in the Tibetan group (1.17±0.09, P<0.001 than in the Nanjing Han group (0.51±0.04. The absolute concentrations of plasma miR-210-3p were also markedly elevated in the Tibet Han group (503.54±42.95 fmol/L, P=0.004 and in the Tibetan group (557.78±39.84 fmol/L, P<0.001 compared to the Nanjing Han group (358.39±16.16 fmol/L. However, in both blood cells and plasma, miR-210-3p levels were not significantly different between the Tibet Han group and the Tibetan group (P=0.280, P=0.620, respectively. Plasma miR-210-3p concentrations were positively correlated with miR-210-3p levels in blood cells (r=0.192, P=0.005. Furthermore, miR-210-3p levels in both blood cells and plasma showed strong positive correlations with red blood cell counts and hemoglobin and hematocrit values. Conclusion: These data demonstrated, for the first time, that miR-210-3p might act as a circulating factor in response to hypoxic environments and could be associated with human adaptation to life at high altitudes.

  5. MicroRNA-139-3p indicates a poor prognosis of colon cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiaojing; Duan, Bensong; Dong, Yuanyuan; He, Chengzhi; Zhou, Hongmei; Sheng, Haihui; Gao, Hengjun; Zhang, Xizhi

    2014-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the regulation of gene expression and are involved in almost biological procession. Recently, miR-139-5p has been reported to be downregulated in some types of cancer, and inhibits cancer cell invasion and metastasis. However, there are few reports on the role of miR-139-3p in cancer. In this study, we examined the expression level of miR-139-3p in 63 pairs of colon cancer and adjacent paracancerous tissues using quantitative reverse transcription PCR. The levels of miR-139-3p in colon cancer tissues were significantly lower than those in adjacent noncancerous tissues. There was an inverse correlation between the level of miR-139-3p and patient's age. Lower level of miR-139-3p was significantly associated with poor overall survival, especially in patients with TNM stages I and II. In conclusion, miR-139-3p has potential as a prognostic biomarker for colon cancer. Further prospective studies are required to validate this result.

  6. On sulfur core level binding energies in thiol self-assembly and alternative adsorption sites: An experimental and theoretical study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jia, Juanjuan [Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d’Orsay, Université-Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay (France); CNRS, UMR 8214, Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d’Orsay, Orsay ISMO, Bâtiment 351, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay (France); Kara, Abdelkader, E-mail: abdelkader.kara@ucf.edu, E-mail: vladimir.esaulov@u-psud.fr [Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States); Pasquali, Luca [Dipartimento di Ingegneria “E. Ferrari,” Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Via Vignolese 905, 41125 Modena (Italy); IOM-CNR, s.s. 14, Km. 163.5 in AREA Science Park, 34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Department of Physics, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 524, Auckland Park 2006 (South Africa); Bendounan, Azzedine; Sirotti, Fausto [Synchrotron SOLEIL, L’Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin, BP 48, F-91192 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Esaulov, Vladimir A., E-mail: abdelkader.kara@ucf.edu, E-mail: vladimir.esaulov@u-psud.fr [Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d’Orsay, Université-Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay (France); CNRS, UMR 8214, Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d’Orsay, Orsay ISMO, Bâtiment 351, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay (France); IOM-CNR, s.s. 14, Km. 163.5 in AREA Science Park, 34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy)

    2015-09-14

    Characteristic core level binding energies (CLBEs) are regularly used to infer the modes of molecular adsorption: orientation, organization, and dissociation processes. Here, we focus on a largely debated situation regarding CLBEs in the case of chalcogen atom bearing molecules. For a thiol, this concerns the case when the CLBE of a thiolate sulfur at an adsorption site can be interpreted alternatively as due to atomic adsorption of a S atom, resulting from dissociation. Results of an investigation of the characteristics of thiol self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) obtained by vacuum evaporative adsorption are presented along with core level binding energy calculations. Thiol ended SAMs of 1,4-benzenedimethanethiol (BDMT) obtained by evaporation on Au display an unconventional CLBE structure at about 161.25 eV, which is close to a known CLBE of a S atom on Au. Adsorption and CLBE calculations for sulfur atoms and BDMT molecules are reported and allow delineating trends as a function of chemisorption on hollow, bridge, and atop sites and including the presence of adatoms. These calculations suggest that the 161.25 eV peak is due to an alternative adsorption site, which could be associated to an atop configuration. Therefore, this may be an alternative interpretation, different from the one involving the adsorption of atomic sulfur resulting from the dissociation process of the S–C bond. Calculated differences in S(2p) CLBEs for free BDMT molecules, SH group sulfur on top of the SAM, and disulfide are also reported to clarify possible errors in assignments.

  7. Quark structure of the X(3872) and χb(3P) resonances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferretti, J.; Galatà, G.; Santopinto, E.

    2014-09-01

    We discuss the nature of the χb(3P) and X(3872) mesons. Are the χb(3P)'s standard bb¯ mesons or bb¯ states with a significative continuum component? Is the X(3872) a cc¯ state with continuum coupling effects or a meson-meson molecule? To do that, we compare quark model and unquenched quark model results for the mass barycenter and splittings of the χb(3P) multiplet. Future and more precise experimental results will discriminate between the two interpretations. In the case of the X(3872), we interpret it as a cc¯ core plus higher Fock components due to the coupling to the meson-meson continuum, and thus we think that it is compatible with the meson χc1(2P), with JPC=1++. The JPC=1++ quantum numbers are in agreement with the experimental results found by the LHCb collaboration. In our view, the X(3872)'s mass is lower than the quark model's predictions because of self-energy shifts. We also provide an estimation of the open charm/bottom strong decay modes of the X(3872) and χb(3P) mesons, such as X(3872)→DD¯* and χb2(3P)→BB¯, and radiative transitions.

  8. Evolution of a system sensitive to stochastic noise: P3.p cell fate in Caenorhabditis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pénigault, Jean-Baptiste; Félix, Marie-Anne

    2011-09-15

    The C. elegans cell lineage is overall invariant. One rare instance of variability concerns P3.p, the most anterior vulva precursor cell, which may either fuse with the epidermis without dividing, or remain competent to form vulval tissue and divide. Here we examine the evolutionary properties of this stochastic variation in P3.p fate. In the Caenorhabditis genus, high P3.p competence is ancestral and reduction in P3.p competence and division frequency occurred in C. sp. 14 and in a clade of nine species. Within this clade, the frequency of P3.p division further varies within and among species, being intermediate in C. elegans and low in C. briggsae. P3.p fate frequency is sensitive to random mutation accumulation, suggesting that this trait may evolve rapidly because of its sensitivity to mutational impact. P3.p fate depends on LIN-39/Hox5 expression and we find that the peak of LIN-39/Hox5 protein level is displaced posteriorly in C. briggsae compared to C. elegans. However, P3.p fate specification is most sensitive to the dose of EGL-20 and CWN-1, two Wnts that are secreted in a long-range gradient from the posterior end of C. elegans larvae (accompanying article). A half-dose of either of these Wnts is sufficient to affect division frequency in C. elegans N2 to levels similar to those in C. briggsae. Symmetrically, we show that an increase in Wnt dose rescues anterior competence in C. briggsae. We propose that evolutionary variation in the concentration or interpretation of the long-range Wnt gradient may be involved in the rapid evolution of P3.p fate in Caenorhabditis.

  9. Photoionization cross sections of the excited 3s3p 3Po state for atomic Mg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Guoli; Wan, Jianjie; Zhou, Xiaoxin

    2017-01-01

    The photoionization cross sections of the excited levels (3s3p 0,1,2,o 3P) of atomic Mg have been studied theoretically using both the nonrelativistic and fully relativistic R-matrix method. For the threshold cross sections, as previous nonrelativistic studies, present calculations show significant differences (a factor of 3) from former experimental values. Large discrepancies with experiment calls for additional measurements of the photoionization cross sections from the excited states of Mg.

  10. Role of miR-142-3p in the post-transcriptional regulation of the clock gene Bmal1 in the mouse SCN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shende, Vikram R; Neuendorff, Nichole; Earnest, David J

    2013-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional modulators by regulating stability or translation of target mRNAs. Recent studies have implicated miRNAs in the regulation of mammalian circadian rhythms. To explore the role of miRNAs in the post-transcriptional modulation of core clock genes in the master circadian pacemaker, we examined miR-142-3p for evidence of circadian expression in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN), regulation of its putative clock gene target Bmal1 via specific binding sites in the 3' UTR and overexpression-induced changes in the circadian rhythm of BMAL1 protein levels in SCN cells. In mice exposed to constant darkness (DD), miR-142-3p levels in the SCN were characterized by circadian rhythmicity with peak expression during early subjective day at CT 3. Mutagenesis studies indicate that two independent miRNA recognition elements located at nucleotides 1-7 and 335-357 contribute equally to miR-142-3p-induced repression of luciferase-reported Bmal1 3' UTR activity. Importantly, overexpression of miR-142-3p in immortalized SCN cells abolished circadian variation in endogenous BMAL1 protein levels in vitro. Collectively, our results suggest that miR-142-3p may play a role in the post-transcriptional modulation of Bmal1 and its oscillatory regulation in molecular feedback loops mediating SCN circadian function.

  11. Role of miR-142-3p in the post-transcriptional regulation of the clock gene Bmal1 in the mouse SCN.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikram R Shende

    Full Text Available MicroRNAs (miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional modulators by regulating stability or translation of target mRNAs. Recent studies have implicated miRNAs in the regulation of mammalian circadian rhythms. To explore the role of miRNAs in the post-transcriptional modulation of core clock genes in the master circadian pacemaker, we examined miR-142-3p for evidence of circadian expression in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN, regulation of its putative clock gene target Bmal1 via specific binding sites in the 3' UTR and overexpression-induced changes in the circadian rhythm of BMAL1 protein levels in SCN cells. In mice exposed to constant darkness (DD, miR-142-3p levels in the SCN were characterized by circadian rhythmicity with peak expression during early subjective day at CT 3. Mutagenesis studies indicate that two independent miRNA recognition elements located at nucleotides 1-7 and 335-357 contribute equally to miR-142-3p-induced repression of luciferase-reported Bmal1 3' UTR activity. Importantly, overexpression of miR-142-3p in immortalized SCN cells abolished circadian variation in endogenous BMAL1 protein levels in vitro. Collectively, our results suggest that miR-142-3p may play a role in the post-transcriptional modulation of Bmal1 and its oscillatory regulation in molecular feedback loops mediating SCN circadian function.

  12. Late Maastrichtian-Early Paleocene sea level and climate changes in the Antioch Church Core (Alabama, Gulf of Mexico margin, USA): A multi-proxy approach

    OpenAIRE

    Schulte, Peter; Speijer, Robert

    2009-01-01

    The Antioch Church core from central Alabama, spanning the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-P) boundary, was investigated by a multi-proxy approach to study paleoenvironmental and sea level hanges within the wellconstrained sequence stratigraphic setting of the Gulf of Mexico margin. The Antioch Church core comprises the Maastrichtian calcareous nannoplankton Zone CC25 and the Danian Zones NP1 to NP4 corresponding to the Maastrichtian planktonic foraminifera Zones CF3 and the Danian Zones P1a to P2....

  13. In-fiber liquid-level probe based on Michelson interferometer via dual-mode elliptical multilayer-core fiber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Xiao; Ren, Guobin; Li, Yang; Liu, Zhibo; Wei, Huai; Jian, Shuisheng

    2016-07-01

    An in-fiber liquid-level probe fabricated from homemade dual-mode elliptical multilayer-core fiber (EMCF) was proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The proposed sensor simply consists of a segment of the EMCF with one end coated with silver film, and a Michelson interferometer is roughly established when light from single-mode fiber incident from the other end. The detected interference patterns, rather clean due to the few-mode property, shift as the liquid level due to strong interaction between high-order modes and measurands through evanescent waves. Both the propagation characteristics and operation principle of such a sensor were demonstrated in detail, and sensitivities of 33.48, 43.35, and 48.93 pm/mm corresponding to liquid indices of 1.333, 1.353, and 1.373 were successfully achieved with a 50-mm EMCF probe, respectively. Moreover, the proposed sensor had the potential to discriminate measurand index after proper calibration.

  14. Where are $\\chi_{cJ}(3P)$?

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Dian-Yong

    2016-01-01

    In the present work, we propose the $Y(4140)$ as the $\\chi_{c1}(3P)$ state by studying the $\\chi_{c1} \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ invariant mass spectrum of the $B\\to K \\chi_{c1} \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ process. In the $D\\bar{D}$ invariant mass spectrum of the $B\\to K D\\bar{D}$ process, we find a new resonance with the mass and width to be $ (4083.0 \\pm 5.0) $ and $ (24.1 \\pm 15.4) $ MeV, respectively, which could be a good candidate of the $\\chi_{c0}(3P)$ state. The theoretical investigations on the decay behaviors of the $\\chi_{cJ}(3P)$ in the present work support the assignments of the $Y(4140)$ and $Y(4080)$ as the $\\chi_{c1}(3P)$ and $\\chi_{c0}(3P)$ states, respectively. In addition, the $\\chi_{c2}(3P)$ state is predicted to be a very narrow state. The results in the present work could be tested by further experiments in the LHCb and forthcoming Belle II.

  15. Stabilization of the triphosphallyl ligand η3-P3{P(O)H} at iridium via alkaline activation of P4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabello, Vincenzo; Caporali, Maria; Gonsalvi, Luca; Manca, Gabriele; Ienco, Andrea; Peruzzini, Maurizio

    2013-12-01

    The selective functionalization of the polyphosphorus moiety Ph2PCH2PPh2PPPP present as a tetrahapto-ligand in complex [Ir(dppm)(Ph2PCH2PPh2PPPP)](+) (1, dppm=Ph2PCH2PPh2) was obtained by reaction of 1 with water under basic conditions at room temperature. The formation of the new triphosphaallyl moiety η(3)-P3{P(O)H} was determined in solution by NMR spectroscopy, and confirmed in the solid state by a single-crystal X-ray structure of the stable product [Ir(κ(2)-dppm)(κ(1)-dppm)(η(3)-P3{P(O)H})] (2). In solution, 2 has a fluxional behavior attributable to the four P atoms belonging to the tetraphosphorus moiety in 1 and exhibits a chemical exchange process involving the two PPh2 moieties of the same bidentate ligand, as determined by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy experiments carried out at variable temperature. The mechanism of the reaction was investigated at the DFT level, which suggested a selective attack of an in-situ generated OH(-) anion on one of the non-coordinated phosphorus atoms of the P4 moiety. The reaction then evolves through an acid-assisted tautomerization, which leads to the final compound 2. Bonding analysis pointed out that the new unsubstituted P3-unit in the η(3)-P3{P(O)H} moiety behaves as a triphosphallyl ligand. Copyright © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  16. miR-409-3p suppresses breast cancer cell growth and invasion by targeting Akt1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Guoqiang [Department of Breast Surgery, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan 250012 (China); Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, Hospital Affiliated to Binzhou Medical University, 661 Second Huanghe Street, Binzhou 256603 (China); Liu, Zengyan [Department of Hematology, Hospital Affiliated to Binzhou Medical University, 661 Second Huanghe Street, Binzhou 256603 (China); Xu, Hao [Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029 (China); Yang, Qifeng, E-mail: qifengy_sdu1@163.com [Department of Breast Surgery, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan 250012 (China)

    2016-01-08

    Altered levels and functions of microRNAs (miRNAs) are correlated with carcinogenesis. While miR-409-3p has been shown to play important roles in several cancer types, its function in the context of breast cancer (BC) remains unknown. In this study, miR-409-3p was significantly downregulated in BC tissues and cell lines, compared with the corresponding control counterparts. Overexpression of miR-409-3p inhibited BC cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro and suppressed tumor growth in vivo. Notably, miR-409-3p induced downregulation of Akt1 protein through binding to its 3′ untranslated region (UTR). Conversely, restoring Akt1 expression rescued the suppressive effects of miR-409-3p. Our data collectively indicate that miR-409-3p functions as a tumor suppressor in BC through downregulating Akt1, supporting the targeting of the novel miR-409-3p/Akt1 axis as a potentially effective therapeutic approach for BC. - Highlights: • miR-409-3p inhibits proliferation, migration and invasion of BC cells. • miR-409-3p suppresses tumor growth in nude mice. • Akt1 is a direct downstream target of miR-409-3p. • Ectopic expression of Akt1 reverses the effects of miR-409-3p on cell proliferation, migration and invasion.

  17. Ce Core-Level Spectroscopy, and Magnetic and Electrical Transport Properties of Lightly Ce-Doped YCoO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Yoshihiko; Koike, Tsuyoshi; Okawa, Mario; Takayanagi, Ryohei; Takei, Shohei; Minohara, Makoto; Kobayashi, Masaki; Horiba, Koji; Kumigashira, Hiroshi; Yasui, Akira; Ikenaga, Eiji; Saitoh, Tomohiko; Asai, Kichizo

    2016-11-01

    We have investigated the Ce and Co core level spectroscopy, and the magnetic and electrical transport properties of lightly Ce-doped YCoO3. We have successfully synthesized single-phase Y1-xCexCoO3 for 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.1 by the sol-gel method. Hard X-ray photoelectron and X-ray absorption spectroscopy experiments reveal that the introduced Ce ions are tetravalent, which is considered to be the first case of electron doping into bulk trivalent Co oxides with perovskite RECoO3 (RE: rare-earth element or Y) caused by RE site substitution. The magnitude of the effective magnetic moment peff obtained from the temperature dependence of magnetic susceptibility χ(T) at higher temperatures is close to that for high-spin Co2+ introduced by the Ce doping, implying that the electrons doped into the Co site induce Co2+ with a high-spin state. For x = 0.1, ferromagnetic ordering is observed below about 7 K. Electrical transport properties such as resistivity and thermoelectric power show that negative electron-like carriers are introduced by Ce substitution.

  18. Initial experiences in embedding core competency education in entry-level surgery residents through a nonclinical rotation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahol, Kanav; Huston, Carrie; Hamann, Jessica; Ferrara, John J

    2011-03-01

    Health care continues to expand in scope and in complexity. In this changing environment, residents are challenged with understanding its intricacies and the impact it will have on their professional activities and careers. Embedding each of the competency elements in residents in a meaningful way remains a challenge for many surgery residency program directors. We established a nonclinical rotation to provide surgery postgraduate year-1 (PGY-1) residents with a structured, multifaceted, largely self-directed curriculum into which each of the 6 core competencies are woven. Posttesting strategies were established for most curricular experiences to ensure to the greatest possible extent that each resident will have achieved an acceptable level of understanding of each of the competency areas before being given credit for the rotation. By uniformly exceeding satisfactory scores on respective objective analyses, residents demonstrated an increased (at least short-term) understanding of each of the assessed competency areas. Our project sought to address a prior lack of opportunity for our residents to develop a sound foundation for our residents in systems-based practice. Our new rotation addresses systems-based practice in several different learning environments, including emergency medical service ride-along, sentinel event participation, and hospice visits. Several research projects have enhanced the overall learning program. Our experience shows that a rotation dedicated to competency training can provide an innovative and engaging means of teaching residents the value of each element.

  19. miR-579-3p controls melanoma progression and resistance to target therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fattore, Luigi; Mancini, Rita; Acunzo, Mario; Romano, Giulia; Laganà, Alessandro; Pisanu, Maria Elena; Malpicci, Debora; Madonna, Gabriele; Mallardo, Domenico; Capone, Marilena; Fulciniti, Franco; Mazzucchelli, Luca; Botti, Gerardo; Croce, Carlo M.; Ascierto, Paolo Antonio; Ciliberto, Gennaro

    2016-01-01

    Therapy of melanoma patients harboring activating mutations in the BRAF (V-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1) oncogene with a combination of BRAF and MEK inhibitors is plagued by the development of drug resistance. Mutational events, as well as adaptive mechanisms, contribute to the development of drug resistance. In this context we uncover here the role of a miRNA, miR-579-3p. We first show that low expression of miR-579-3p is a negative prognostic factor correlating with poor survival. Expression levels of miR-579-3p decrease from nevi to stage III/IV melanoma samples and even further in cell lines resistant to BRAF/MEK inhibitors. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that miR-579-3p acts as an oncosuppressor by targeting the 3′UTR of two oncoproteins: BRAF and an E3 ubiquitin protein ligase, MDM2. Moreover miR-579-3p ectopic expression impairs the establishment of drug resistance in human melanoma cells. Finally, miR-579-3p is strongly down-regulated in matched tumor samples from patients before and after the development of resistance to targeted therapies. PMID:27503895

  20. In-fiber quasi-Michelson interferometer for liquid level measurement with a core-cladding-modes fiber end-face mirror

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rong, Qiangzhou; Qiao, Xueguang; Du, Yanying; Sun, Hao; Feng, Dingyi; Wang, Ruohui; Hu, Manli; Feng, Zhongyao

    2014-06-01

    An in-fiber quasi-Michelson interferometer (IFQMI) working on reflection is proposed and experimentally demonstrated for liquid level measurement. The device consists of a short piece of small-core fiber (SCF) followed by a standard single-mode fiber (SMF) where its end-face is terminated by a thick silver film. A well-defined interference pattern is obtained as the result of the fiber-core mismatch and core-cladding modes interference. The proposed device with a 30 mm pigtail SMF at a wavelength of 1555 nm presents a water level sensitivity of -68.3 pm/mm. Besides, the proposed device can also discriminate the refractive index (RI) of liquid measured. The IFQMI with 50 mm-long SMF provides a high RI sensitivity of -1200.61 (pm/mm)/RIU.

  1. A search at the millijansky level for milli-arcsecond cores in a complete sample of radio galaxies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wehrle, A. E.; Preston, R. A.; Meier, D. L.; Gorenstein, M. V.; Shapiro, I. I.; Rogers, A. E. E.; Rius, A.

    1984-01-01

    A complete sample of 26 extended radio galaxies was observed at 2.29 GHz with the Mark III VLBI system. The fringe spacing was about 3 milli-arcsec, and the detection limit was about 2 millijanskys. Half of the galaxies were found to possess milli-arcsec radio cores. In all but three sources, the nuclear flux density was less than 0.04 of the total flux density. Galaxies with high optical luminosity (less than -21.2) were more likely than less luminous galaxies to contain a detectable milliparcsec radio core (69 percent vs. 20 percent). For objects with arcsec cores, 80 percent were found to have a milli-arcsec core, even though the milli-arcsec object did not always contribute the greater part of the arcsec flux density.

  2. Core-level positive-ion and negative-ion fragmentation of gaseous and condensed HCCl3 using synchrotron radiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, K. T.; Chen, J. M.; Lee, J. M.; Haw, S. C.; Liang, Y. C.; Deng, M. J.

    2011-07-01

    We investigated the dissociation dynamics of positive-ion and negative-ion fragments of gaseous and condensed HCCl3 following photoexcitation of Cl 2p electrons to various resonances. Based on ab initio calculations at levels HF/cc-pVTZ and QCISD/6-311G*, the first doublet structures in Cl L-edge x-ray absorption spectrum of HCCl3 are assigned to transitions from the Cl (2P3/2,1/2) initial states to the 10a1* orbitals. The Cl 2p → 10a1* excitation of HCCl3 induces a significant enhancement of the Cl+ desorption yield in the condensed phase and a small increase in the HCCl+ yield in the gaseous phase. Based on the resonant photoemission of condensed HCCl3, excitations of Cl 2p electrons to valence orbitals decay predominantly via spectator Auger transitions. The kinetic energy distributions of Cl+ ion via the Cl 2p → 10a1* excitation are shifted to higher energy ˜0.2 eV and ˜0.1 eV relative to those via the Cl 2p → 10e* excitation and Cl 2p → shape resonance excitation, respectively. The enhancement of the yields of ionic fragments at specific core-excited resonance states is assisted by a strongly repulsive surface that is directly related to the spectator electrons localized in the antibonding orbitals. The Cl- anion is significantly reinforced in the vicinity of Cl 2p ionization threshold of gaseous HCCl3, mediated by photoelectron recapture through post-collision interaction.

  3. The temperature dependence of the cross section for the energy pooling process Na(3P)+Na(3P) to Na(4D)+Na(3S)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horvatic, V.; Movre, M.; Vadla, C.

    1999-10-01

    We report the measurements of the temperature dependence of the cross section σ4D for the energy pooling process Na(3P)+Na(3P) to Na(4D)+Na(3S). The latest two, as yet undisputed, results for σ4D obtained by different authors at T = 597 K and T = 483 K suggest that this cross section decreases with increasing T, which contradicts the theory and other experiments on similar processes. To resolve this controversy and to examine the temperature trend of the cross section, we have measured the σ4D in the temperature range 567-705 K, covering the high-temperature region that has not yet been investigated experimentally. To determine σ4D we have excited sodium atoms in the quasistatic wing of the D1 line using a cw dye laser and measured the fluorescence intensity for the 4D to 3P3/2 transition, relative to the intensity of the optically thin quasistatic wing of the D2 line. The spatial distribution of the number density of the sodium atoms in the 3P3/2 state and the sodium ground-state number density were measured too. The method used for the determination of the cross section is advantageous since it entirely circumvents the need to account for the radiation trapping of 3P level radiation, which was substantial under experimental conditions of the ground-state densities being 1014-1016 cm-3. The measurements of the cross section σ4D in the investigated temperature range have shown that it increases as ~exp(-Δ E/kT). From the experiment we obtained Δ E = (608±95) cm-1, which is in excellent agreement with the energy defect (613 cm-1) for the considered process, and in fair agreement with the values which follow from recent theoretical calculations.

  4. MicroRNA-409-3p inhibits osteosarcoma cell migration and invasion by targeting catenin-δ1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Shifeng; Du, Xinjie; Wu, Manwu; Du, Hechun; Shi, Xiaoliang; Zhang, Tao

    2016-06-10

    Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone cancer which is associated with early metastatic potential and poor prognosis. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying osteosarcoma progression are not well characterized. Here, we investigated the role of miR-409-3p in osteosarcoma metastasis. Osteosarcoma tissue showed decreased expression of miR-409-3p compared to adjacent non-tumorous tissue. The expression level of miR-409-3p was negatively correlated with osteosarcoma metastasis. Overexpression of miR-409-3p in osteosarcoma cells (U2OS) inhibited cell migration and invasion. Bioinformatics analysis showed that catenin-δ1 (CTNND1, p120-catenin) is a direct target of miR-409-3p. Overexpression of miR-409-3p repressed the expression of catenin-δ1 in U2OS cells at both mRNA and protein levels. Meanwhile, miR-409-3p repressed the activity of luciferase reporter containing the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of CTNND1 gene. Furthermore, expression of catenin-δ1 rescued the inhibitory effect of miR-409-3p on cell migration and invasion. Altogether, these results indicated that miR-409-3p targets catenin-δ1 to repress osteosarcoma metastasis.

  5. MicroRNA-127-3p inhibits proliferation and invasion by targeting SETD8 in human osteosarcoma cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Jun; Hou, Wengen; Chai, Mingxiang; Zhao, Hongxing; Jia, Jinling; Sun, Xiaohui; Zhao, Bin [Second Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of XinXiang Medical College, XinXiang 453100 (China); Wang, Ran, E-mail: wangranfire@sohu.com [Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital, ZhengZhou University, ZhengZhou 450000 (China)

    2016-01-22

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in cancer development. Several studies have indicated that miRNAs mediate tumorigenesis processes, such as, inflammation, proliferation, apoptosis and invasion. In the present study, we focused on the influence of the miR-127-3p on the proliferation, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma (OS). MiR-127-3p was found at reduced levels in OS tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of miR-127-3p in the OS cell lines significantly inhibited the cell proliferation, migration and invasion; however, inhibition of miR-127-3p increased the proliferation, migration and invasion of OS in vitro. SETD8 was identified as a direct target of miR-127-3p, and SETD8 expression decreased post miR-127-3p overexpression, while SETD8 overexpression could reverse the potential influence of miR-127-3p on the migration and invasion of OS cells. MiR-127-3p is suggested to act mainly via the suppression of SETD8 expression. Overall, the results revealed that miR-127-3p acts as a tumor suppressor and that its down-regulation in cancer may contribute to OS progression and metastasis, suggesting that miR-127-3p could be a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of OS. - Highlights: • MiR-127-3p is decreased in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines. • MiR-127-3p overexpression suppresses cell migration and invasion in MG63 and U2OS. • SETD8 overexpression abolishes the roles of miR-127-3p in osteosarcoma.

  6. miR-342-3p affects hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation via regulating NF-κB pathway

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Liang; Zhang, Yubao, E-mail: zhyb880077@sina.com

    2015-02-13

    Recent research indicates that non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) help regulate basic cellular processes in many types of cancer cells. We hypothesized that overexpression of miR-342-3p might affect proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. After confirming overexpression of miR-342-3p with qRT-PCR, MTT assay showed that HCC cell proliferation was significantly inhibited by miR-342-3p, and that it significantly decreased BrdU-positive cell proliferation by nearly sixfold. Searching for targets using three algorithms we found that miR-342-3p is related to the NF-κB pathway and luciferase assay found that IKK-γ, TAB2 and TAB3 are miR-342-3p target genes. Results of western blot on extracted nuclear proteins of HepG2 and HCT-116 cells showed that miR-342-3p reduced and miR-342-3p-in increased p65 nuclear levels and qRT-PCR found that NF-κB pathway downstream genes were downregulated by miR-342-3p and upregulated by miR-342-3p-in, confirming that miR-342 targets NF-κB pathway. Overexpression of Ikk-γ, TAB2 and TAB3 partially rescued HCC cells proliferation inhibited by miR-342-3p. Using the GSE54751 database we evaluated expression from 10 HCC samples, which strongly suggested downregulation of miR-342-3p and we also found inverse expression between miR-342-3p and its targets IKK-γ, TAB2 and TAB3 from 71 HCC samples. Our results show that miR-342-3p has a significant role in HCC cell proliferation and is suitable for investigation of therapeutic targets. - Highlights: • MiR-342-3p suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation. • MiR-342-3p targets IKK-γ, TAB2 and TAB3 genes. • MiR-342-3p downregulates NF-kB signaling pathway. • MiR-342-3p is downregulated in clinical hepatocellular carcinoma samples. • The expression of miR-342-3p and its target gene is inversely related.

  7. Repumping of ultracold strontium atoms using the ^3P2 - ^3D2 transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mickelson, P. G.; Martinez de Escobar, Y. N.; Traverso, A. J.; Killian, T. C.

    2008-05-01

    We discuss recent experiments involving ultracold strontium. Using a commercially-available 3 micron laser, we repump atoms out of the ^3P2 level via the ^3D2 state and gain almost a factor of 10 in the number of atoms in our system. This increase in the signal-to-noise ratio enables improved spectroscopy of strontium in our optical trap.

  8. Genistein up-regulates tumor suppressor microRNA-574-3p in prostate cancer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takeshi Chiyomaru

    Full Text Available Genistein has been shown to inhibit cancers both in vitro and in vivo, by altering the expression of several microRNAs (miRNAs. In this study, we focused on tumor suppressor miRNAs regulated by genistein and investigated their function in prostate cancer (PCa and target pathways. Using miRNA microarray analysis and real-time RT-PCR we observed that miR-574-3p was significantly up-regulated in PCa cells treated with genistein compared with vehicle control. The expression of miR-574-3p was significantly lower in PCa cell lines and clinical PCa tissues compared with normal prostate cells (RWPE-1 and adjacent normal tissues. Low expression level of miR-574-3p was correlated with advanced tumor stage and higher Gleason score in PCa specimens. Re-expression of miR-574-3p in PCa cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo. miR-574-3p restoration induced apoptosis through reducing Bcl-xL and activating caspase-9 and caspase-3. Using GeneCodis software analysis, several pathways affected by miR-574-3p were identified, such as 'Pathways in cancer', 'Jak-STAT signaling pathway', and 'Wnt signaling pathway'. Luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that miR-574-3p directly binds to the 3' UTR of several target genes (such as RAC1, EGFR and EP300 that are components of 'Pathways in cancer'. Quantitative real-time PCR and Western analysis showed that the mRNA and protein expression levels of the three target genes in PCa cells were markedly down-regulated with miR-574-3p. Loss-of-function studies demonstrated that the three target genes significantly affect cell proliferation, migration and invasion in PCa cell lines. Our results show that genistein up-regulates tumor suppressor miR-574-3p expression targeting several cell signaling pathways. These findings enhance understanding of how genistein regulates with miRNA in PCa.

  9. Oscillator strength for 3s{sup 2}3p{sup 5}-3s3p{sup 6} in Cl-like ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berrington, K.A.; Waldock, J.A. [School of Science and Mathematics, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield (United Kingdom); Pelan, J.C [Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, University College, London (United Kingdom)

    2001-07-14

    Recent experiments have revealed discrepancies between calculated and experimental lifetimes in the lowest excited level of some chlorine-like ions. New ab initio oscillator strengths using the Breit-Pauli R-matrix method are provided for the 3s{sup 2}3p{sup 5} {sup 2}P{sup o}{sub 3/2,1/2}-3s3p{sup 6} {sup 2}S{sup e}{sub 1/2} transition in Cl-like Ar II through to Cu XIII. Our calculated lifetimes for these twelve ions are respectively 5.507, 2.077, 1.177, 0.784, 0.569, 0.438, 0.350, 0.287, 0.241, 0.206, 0.178 and 0.156 ns, and are more consistent with experiments than other calculations. (author). Letter-to-the-editor.

  10. A new form of Ca3P2 with a ring of Dirac nodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia S. Xie

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available We report the synthesis and crystal structure of a new high-temperature form of Ca3P2. The crystal structure was determined through Rietveld refinements of synchrotron powder x-ray diffraction data. This form of Ca3P2 has a crystal structure of the hexagonal Mn5Si3 type, with a Ca ion deficiency compared to the ideal 5:3 stoichiometry. This yields a stable, charge-balanced compound of Ca2+ and P3−. We also report the observation of a secondary hydride phase, Ca5P3H, which again is a charge-balanced compound. The calculated band structure of Ca3P2 indicates that it is a three-dimensional Dirac semimetal with a highly unusual ring of Dirac nodes at the Fermi level. The Dirac states are protected against gap opening by a mirror plane in a manner analogous to what is seen for graphene.

  11. H2S regulates endothelial nitric oxide synthase protein stability by promoting microRNA-455-3p expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xing-Hui; Xue, Wen-Long; Wang, Ming-Jie; Zhou, Yu; Zhang, Cai-Cai; Sun, Chen; Zhu, Lei; Liang, Kun; Chen, Ying; Tao, Bei-Bei; Tan, Bo; Yu, Bo; Zhu, Yi-Chun

    2017-01-01

    The aims of the present study are to determine whether hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is involved in the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) production, and to identify the role of microRNA-455-3p (miR-455-3p) during those processes. In cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), the expression of miR-455-3p, eNOS protein and the NO production was detected after administration with 50 μM NaHS. The results indicated that H2S could augment the expression of miR-455-3p and eNOS protein, leading to the increase of NO level. We also found that overexpression of miR-455-3p in HUVECs increased the protein levels of eNOS whereas inhibition of miR-455-3p decreased it. Moreover, H2S and miR-455-3p could no longer increase the protein level of eNOS in the presence of proteasome inhibitor, MG-132. In vivo, miR-455-3p and eNOS expression were considerably increased in C57BL/6 mouse aorta, muscle and heart after administration with 50 μmol/kg/day NaHS for 7 days. We also identified that H2S levels and miR-455-3p expression increased in human atherosclerosis plaque while H2S levels decreased in plasma of atherosclerosis patients. Our data suggest that the stability of eNOS protein and the NO production could be regulated by H2S through miR-455-3p. PMID:28322298

  12. Preservice Secondary Teachers Perceptions of College-Level Mathematics Content Connections with the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Travis A.

    2016-01-01

    Preservice Secondary Mathematics Teachers (PSMTs) were surveyed to identify if they could connect early-secondary mathematics content (Grades 7-9) in the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) with mathematics content studied in content courses for certification in secondary teacher preparation programs. Respondents were asked to…

  13. Control of Saturation level in the magnetic core of a welding transformer by Hysteresis Controller (HC and Proportional Integral (PI Controller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rama Subbanna.S

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to analyse the performances of two controllers such as Hysteresis control (HC and proportional integral (PI control to control saturation level in the magnetic core of a welding transformer in a middle-frequency direct current (MFDC resistance spot welding system(RSWS. It consists of an input converter, welding transformer, and a full-wave rectifier mounted at the transformer secondary. The unequal ohmic resistances of the two transformer’s secondary circuits and the different characteristics of the diodes of output rectifier certainly lead to the magnetic core saturation which, consequently, causes the unwanted spikes in the transformer’s primary current and over-current protection switch-off. The goal is to analyse the performance of both controllers in terms of transients, total harmonic distortion(THD and variations in primary current and flux in the magnetic core of a welding transformer of highly nonlinear system of RSWS. The simulation study has been done in Matlab/Simulink environment and presented performance analysis. The responses shows that from the aforementioned aspects, proportional integral Controller is the better choice for controlling the saturation level in magnetic core of a welding transformer which is widely used in automobile industry welding system.

  14. MicroRNA-27a-3p Inhibits Melanogenesis in Mouse Skin Melanocytes by Targeting Wnt3a.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yuanyuan; Wang, Pengchao; Meng, Jinzhu; Ji, Yuankai; Xu, Dongmei; Chen, Tianzhi; Fan, Ruiwen; Yu, Xiuju; Yao, Jianbo; Dong, Changsheng

    2015-05-14

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in the regulation of almost all the biological processes, including melanogenesis. MiR-27a-3p is nearly six times higher in white alpaca skin compared to brown skin, which indicates that miR-27a-3p may be a candidate regulator for melanogenesis. Wnt3a plays an important role in promoting melanoblasts to differentiate into melanocytes and melanogenesis. To confirm the function of miR-27a-3p to melanogenesis in mammals, miR-27a-3p mimic, inhibitor and their negative control were transfected into mouse melanocytes. As a result, miR-27a-3p inhibits melanogenesis by repressing Wnt3a at post-transcriptional level. A significant decrease in Wnt3a luciferase activity was observed in 293T cells co-transfected with the matched luciferase reporter vector and pre-miR-27a. Furthermore, the presence of exogenous miR-27a-3p significantly decreased Wnt3a protein expression rather than mRNA and reduced β-catenin mRNA levels in melanocytes. The over-expression of miR-27a-3p significantly increased the melanin content of melanocytes. However, miR-27a-3p inhibitor performs an opposite effect on melanogenesis. Wnt3a is one target of miR-27a-3p. MiR-27a-3p could inhibit Wnt3a protein amount by post-transcriptional regulation and melanogenesis in mouse melanocytes. Previous studies reported that Wnt3a promoted melanogenensis in mouse melanocytes. Thus, miR-27-3p inhibits melanogenesis by repressing Wnt3a protein expression.

  15. Reconstructing Winter North Pacific Sea-Level Pressure Anomalies Over the Past Three Centuries Using a New Calibration Method with the Eclipse and Mt. Logan Ice Cores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelsey, E. P.; Wake, C. P.; Osterberg, E. C.

    2012-12-01

    A deeper understanding of the behavior of North Pacific extratropical cyclones and anticyclones prior to the instrumental era is needed to advance our understanding of North Pacific climate variability. To help achieve this objective, we develop and use a new nonlinear ice core calibration procedure with the Eclipse (3017 m a.s.l.) and Mt. Logan (5400 m a.s.l.) ice core records from Yukon, Canada to isolate the ranges of ice core values that are consistently associated with North Pacific wintertime sea-level pressure (SLP) anomalies. Over the calibration period (1872-2001), each ice core record is ranked and divided into 10 groups of 13 years. Then for each group, the frequency of positive and negative SLP anomalies at each grid point is contoured and the composite mean SLP anomaly values are shaded. These plots elucidate areas where statistically significant SLP anomalies occur frequently in association with groups of ice core values. This new calibration procedure shows that the lowest and the two highest groups of Mt. Logan annual [Na+] are sensitive to SLP anomalies in the central and eastern Pacific and the second lowest [Na+] group is sensitive to western Pacific SLP anomalies. The highest and lowest Eclipse cold-season accumulation groups are most sensitive to SLP anomalies more distant in the western and central Pacific. This result is surprising in light of stable isotope studies suggesting a more distant moisture source for Mt. Logan. A reconstruction using these calibrated records indicates the Aleutian Low was predominantly weaker than average between 1699-1871. Our results highlight that having these geographically close ice core records is important to developing a deeper understanding of North Pacific climate variability.

  16. Gluon fragmentation into {sup 3} P{sub J} quarkonium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, J.P.

    1995-10-01

    The functions of the gluon fragmentation into {sup 3}P{sub j} quarkonium are calculated to order {alpha}{sup 2}{sub s}. With the recent progress in analysing quarkonium systems in QCD it is possible show how the so called divergence in the limit of the zero-binding energy, which is related to P-wave quarkonia, is treated correctly in the case of fragmentation functions. The obtained fragmentation functions satisfy explicitly at the order of {alpha} {sup 2}{sub s} the Altarelli-Parisi equation and when z {yields} 0 they behave as z{sup -1} as expected. 19 refs., 7 figs.

  17. Electronic Charges and Electric Potential at LaAlO3/SrTiO3 Interfaces Studied by Core-Level Photoemission Spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, Harold

    2011-08-19

    We studied LaAlO{sub 3}/SrTiO{sub 3} interfaces for varying LaAlO{sub 3} thickness by core-level photoemission spectroscopy. In Ti 2p spectra for conducting 'n-type' interfaces, Ti{sup 3+} signals appeared, which were absent for insulating 'p-type' interfaces. The Ti{sup 3+} signals increased with LaAlO{sub 3} thickness, but started well below the critical thickness of 4 unit cells for metallic transport. Core-level shifts with LaAlO{sub 3} thickness were much smaller than predicted by the polar catastrophe model. We attribute these observations to surface defects/adsorbates providing charges to the interface even below the critical thickness.

  18. Spin-Orbit Effects in Spin-Resolved L2,3 Core Level Photoemission of 3d Ferromagnetic Thin Films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Komesu, T; Waddill, G D; Yu, S W; Butterfield, M; Tobin, J G

    2007-10-02

    We present spin-resolved 2p core level photoemission for the 3d transition metal films of Fe and Co grown on Cu(100). We observe clear spin asymmetry in the main 2p core level photoemission peaks of Fe and Co films consistent with trends in the bulk magnetic moments. The spin polarization can be strongly enhanced, by variation of the experimental geometry, when the photoemission is undertaken with circularly polarized light, indicating that spin-orbit interaction can have a profound in spin polarized photoemission. Further spin polarized photoemission studies using variable circularly polarized light at high photon energies, high flux are indicated, underscoring the value of synchrotron measurements at facilities with increased beam stability.

  19. Core-level X-ray photoemission spectral shift through the successive phase transitions in layered TlInS{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishizu, Takahiko [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai 599-8531 (Japan); Mimura, Kojiro [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai 599-8531 (Japan)], E-mail: mimura@ms.osakafu-u.ac.jp; Shim, Yong Gu [Department of Physics and Electronics, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai 599-8531 (Japan); Wakita, Kazuki [Department of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering, Chiba Institute of Technology, Narashino 275-0016 (Japan); Mamedov, Nazim [Institute of Physics, Azerbaijan National Academy of Science, Baku, AZ-1143 (Azerbaijan); Taguchi, Yukihiro; Ichikawa, Kouichi [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai 599-8531 (Japan)

    2008-12-31

    Temperature-dependent change in core-level electronic structures of the layered semiconductor-ferroelectric TlInS{sub 2} with incommensurate phase has been investigated by means of X-ray photoemission spectroscopy. The temperature dependence of the relative peak position for each core level (Tl 4f, In 3d and S 2p) is found to differ very much in the regions bordering each other at the normal-incommensurate phase transition point of 218 K. The obtained data suggest that the charge distribution in TlInS{sub 2} dramatically changes upon passing from the normal phase (T > 218 K) to the spatially modulated incommensurate phase (T < 218 K)

  20. Products of the Benzene + O(3P) Reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taatjes, Craig A.; Osborn, David L.; Selby, Talitha M.; Meloni, Giovanni; Trevitt, Adam J.; Epifanovsky, Evgeny; Krylov, Anna I.; Sirjean, Baptiste; Dames, Enoch; Wang, Hai

    2009-12-21

    The gas-phase reaction of benzene with O(3P) is of considerable interest for modeling of aromatic oxidation, and also because there exist fundamental questions concerning the prominence of intersystem crossing in the reaction. While its overall rate constant has been studied extensively, there are still significant uncertainties in the product distribution. The reaction proceeds mainly through the addition of the O atom to benzene, forming an initial triplet diradical adduct, which can either dissociate to form the phenoxy radical and H atom, or undergo intersystem crossing onto a singlet surface, followed by a multiplicity of internal isomerizations, leading to several possible reaction products. In this work, we examined the product branching ratios of the reaction between benzene and O(3P) over the temperature range of 300 to 1000 K and pressure range of 1 to 10 Torr. The reactions were initiated by pulsed-laser photolysis of NO2 in the presence of benzene and helium buffer in a slow-flow reactor, and reaction products were identified by using the multiplexed chemical kinetics photoionization mass spectrometer operating at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Phenol and phenoxy radical were detected and quantified. Cyclopentadiene and cyclopentadienyl radical were directly identified for the first time. Finally, ab initio calculations and master equation/RRKM modeling were used to reproduce the experimental branching ratios, yielding pressure-dependent rate expressions for the reaction channels, including phenoxy + H, phenol, cyclopentadiene + CO, which are proposed for kinetic modeling of benzene oxidation.

  1. Thermoelectric properties of polycrystalline NiSi3P4

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Andrew F.; McGuire, Michael A.; Wang, Hsin

    2013-03-01

    The Hall and Seebeck coefficients, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity of polycrystalline NiSi3P4 were characterized from 2 to 775 K. Undoped NiSi3P4 behaves like a narrow gap semiconductor, with activated electrical resistivity ρ below room temperature and a large Seebeck coefficient of ˜400 μV/K at 300 K. Attempts to substitute boron for silicon resulted in the production of extrinsic holes, yielding moderately doped semiconductor behavior with ρ increasing with increasing temperature above ˜150 K. Hall carrier densities are limited to approximately 5 × 1019 cm-3 at 200 K, which would suggest the solubility limit of boron is reached if boron is indeed incorporated into the lattice. These extrinsic samples have a Hall mobility of ˜12 cm2/V/s at 300 K, and a parabolic band equivalent effective mass of ˜3.5 times the free electron mass. At 700 K, the thermoelectric figure of merit zT reaches ˜0.1. Further improvements in thermoelectric performance would require reaching higher carrier densities, as well as a mechanism to further reduce the lattice thermal conductivity, which is ˜5 W/m/K at 700 K. Alloying in Ge results in a slight reduction of the thermal conductivity at low temperatures, with little influence observed at higher temperatures.

  2. Observation of core-level binding energy shifts between (100) surface and bulk atoms of epitaxial CuInSe{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nelson, A.J. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States); Berry, G.; Rockett, A. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)] [and others

    1997-04-01

    Core-level and valence band photoemission from semiconductors has been shown to exhibit binding energy differences between surface atoms and bulk atoms, thus allowing one to unambiguously distinguish between the two atomic positions. Quite clearly, surface atoms experience a potential different from the bulk due to the lower coordination number - a characteristic feature of any surface is the incomplete atomic coordination. Theoretical accounts of this phenomena are well documented in the literature for III-V and II-VI semiconductors. However, surface state energies corresponding to the equilibrium geometry of (100) and (111) surfaces of Cu-based ternary chalcopyrite semiconductors have not been calculated or experimental determined. These compounds are generating great interest for optoelectronic and photovoltaic applications, and are an isoelectronic analog of the II-VI binary compound semiconductors. Surface core-level binding energy shifts depend on the surface cohesive energies, and surface cohesive energies are related to surface structure. For ternary compound semiconductor surfaces, such as CuInSe{sub 2}, one has the possibility of variations in surface stoichiometry. Applying standard thermodynamical calculations which consider the number of individual surface atoms and their respective chemical potentials should allow one to qualitatively determine the magnitude of surface core-level shifts and, consequently, surface state energies.

  3. Correlation between serum microRNA-124-3p and silent information regulator 1 levels in type 2 diabetic patients with different stages of diabetic kidney disease%2型糖尿病不同尿白蛋白排泄率患者血清微小RNA-124-3p与沉默信息调节因子1水平及其相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵滢; 任慧雯; 吴灿; 吕川; 安丽; 王秋月

    2016-01-01

    -3p可能成为早期诊断糖尿病肾病新的生物学标记物。血清Mir-124-3p可能通过促进慢性炎症反应、肾脏纤维化等途径参与糖尿病肾病的发生和发展。%Objective To investigate changes of serum microRNA(Mir)-124-3p and silent information regulator 1(Sirt1) levels in type 2 diabetic patients with different stages of diabetic nephropathy. Methods Total of 508 cases with type 2 diabetes treated from September 2013 to September 2015 were divided into three groups according to the urinary albumin excretion rate: normoalbuminuric(D1, n=193), microalbuminuric(D2, n=175), macroalbuminuric group(D3, n=140). Serum levels of Mir-124-3p were validated by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Serum Sirt1, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and fibronectin(FN) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). One-way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation and multiple stepwise regression analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results The level of serum Mir-124-3p in type 2 diabetic patients (2.85 (2.78-2.92)ng/mg) was significantly higher than that in control group (0.91(0.87-0.95)ng/mg), and with the increase of urinary albumin excretion rate, the levels of serum Mir-124-3p in group D1, D2 and D3 increased gradually(F=1348.7, P<0.001). Compared with control, serum Sirt1 level decreased significantly in type 2 diabetic patients and decreased gradually in patients of D1, D2 and D3 groups(F=44.5, P<0.001). According to Pearson correlation analysis, age, diabetes duration, fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance(HOMA-IR), glycated hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-C), total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), serum creatinine(Scr), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), uric acid(UA), HIF-1α, Mir-124-3p, FN and TNF-αwere positively correlated with Ln(ACR) (r=0.105-0.813, P<0.05); high-density lipoprotein

  4. Hybridization and crystal-field effects in Kondo insulators studied by means of core-level spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strigari, Fabio

    2015-04-13

    and even for symmetries lower than tetragonal. In addition to that, HAXPES measurements on the CeM{sub 2}Al{sub 10} series are presented. A common technique for studying hybridization effects in rare earths, and their electronic structure in general, is photoelectron spectroscopy in the soft X-ray range (hv ≤ 1.5 keV). However, in this energy region surface effects are known to matter so that the picture about the hybridization interaction might be distorted with respect to the bulk. The use of hard X-rays (hν=5-10 keV) guarantees a sufficiently large probing depth for obtaining information about the actual bulk electronic structure. In a detailed quantitative analysis of HAXPES 3d core level spectra - using a combination of full multiplet calculations and a configuration interaction model (fm-CI model) - the hybridization strength can be quantified. The XAS results show that the CEF ground states of CeRu{sub 2}Al{sub 10} and CeOs{sub 2}Al are very similar, while it is clearly different for the non-ordering system CeFe{sub 2}Al{sub 10}. The CEF description nicely explains the magnetic anisotropy observed in susceptibility data and to a large extent the small ordered moments along the c axis. We provide a reliable quantitative description of the CEF ground state of the CeM{sub 2}Al{sub 10} compounds. Furthermore, the analysis of the HAXPES data in the fm-CI model allows to quantify the intermediate 4f valence and establishes that the exchange interaction increases within the series from Ru to Os to Fe. A substantial amount of Kondo screening is shown to be present even in the magnetically ordered Ru and Os compounds. The polarized XAS study on CeNiSn demonstrates that the monoclinic CEF is well described in a trigonal approximation, and the determined 4f ground-state wave function is consistent with results from inelastic neutron scattering for Cu-doped CeNiSn. Moreover, the systematic investigation of the CeRh{sub 1-x}Ir{sub x}In{sub 5} substitution series by means

  5. MicroRNA-490-3p inhibits proliferation of A549 lung cancer cells by targeting CCND1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gu, Haihua; Yang, Tao; Fu, Shaozi; Chen, Xiaofan; Guo, Lei; Ni, Yiming, E-mail: ni_yiming@hotmail.com

    2014-01-31

    Highlights: • We examined the level of miR-490-3p in A549 lung cancer cells compared with normal bronchial epithelial cell line. • We are the first to show the function of miR-490-3p in A549 lung cancer cells. • We demonstrate CCND1 may be one of the targets of miR-490-3p. - Abstract: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate the translation of messenger RNAs by binding their 3′-untranslated region (3′UTR). In this study, we found that miR-490-3p is significantly down-regulated in A549 lung cancer cells compared with the normal bronchial epithelial cell line. To better characterize the role of miR-490-3p in A549 cells, we performed a gain-of-function analysis by transfecting the A549 cells with chemically synthesized miR-490-3P mimics. Overexpression of miR-490-3P evidently inhibits cell proliferation via G1-phase arrest. We also found that forced expression of miR-490-3P decreased both mRNA and protein levels of CCND1, which plays a key role in G1/S phase transition. In addition, the dual-luciferase reporter assays indicated that miR-490-3P directly targets CCND1 through binding its 3′UTR. These findings indicated miR-490-3P could be a potential suppressor of cellular proliferation.

  6. miR-409-3p sensitizes colon cancer cells to oxaliplatin by inhibiting Beclin-1-mediated autophagy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Shifan; Shi, Huijuan; Ba, Mingchen; Lin, Shengqv; Tang, Hongsheng; Zeng, Xiaoqi; Zhang, Xiangliang

    2016-04-01

    The chemoresistance of colon cancer cells limits the efficacy of chemotherapy. miR-409-3p has been shown to be downregulated in various types of cancer. In the present study, we examined the role of miR-409-3p in colon cancer as well as the effects of miR‑409-3p on the sensitivity of colon cancer cells to oxaliplatin. The expression of miR-409 was significantly downregulated in the human colon cancer cell lines compared with the normal colon epithelial cells. Importantly, the miR-409-3p expression levels were lower in human colon cancer patient samples than in normal colon tissues. Moreover, we observed a negative correlation between the miR‑409-3p levels and resistance to oxaliplatin: the oxaliplatin-resistant colon cancer cells exhibited significantly downregulated miR‑409-3p levels, but higher autophagic activity than the oxaliplatin-sensitive cells. Using bioinformatics analysis, we predicted that miR‑409-3p miRNA binds to the key autophagy gene encoding Beclin-1. Our findings indicated that the overexpression of miR‑409-3p inhibited Beclin-1 expression and autophagic activity by binding to the 3'-untranslated region of Beclin-1 mRNA. In addition, the overexpression of miR‑409-3p enhanced the chemosensitivity of the oxaliplatin-sensitive and oxaliplatin-resistant colon cancer cells. The restoration of Beclin-1 abrogated these effects of miR‑409-3p. In a xenograft model using nude mice, we examined the effects of miR‑409-3p on tumor growth during chemotherapy. miR‑409-3p overexpression sensitized the tumor to chemotherapy, while inhibiting chemotherapy-induced autophagy in a manner dependent on Beclin-1. The findings of our study suggest that miR-409-3p is capable of enhancing the chemosensitivity of colon cancer cells by inhibiting Beclin-1-mediated autophagy.

  7. Global ice volume during MIS 3 inferred from a sea-level analysis of sedimentary core records in the Yellow River Delta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pico, Tamara; Mitrovica, Jerry X.; Ferrier, Ken L.; Braun, Jean

    2016-11-01

    Estimates of global ice volume during the glacial phase of the most recent ice age cycle are characterized by significant uncertainty, reflecting the relative paucity of geological constraints on sea level relevant to this time interval. For example, during the middle stages of Marine Isotope Stage 3, published estimates of peak global mean sea level (GMSL) relative to the present range from -25 m to -87 m. The large uncertainty in GMSL at MIS 3 has significant implications for estimates of the rate of ice growth in the period leading to the Last Glacial Maximum (∼26 ka). We refine estimates of global ice volume during MIS 3 by employing sediment cores in the Bohai and Yellow Sea that record a migration of the paleoshoreline at ∼50-37 ka through a transition from marine to brackish conditions. In particular, we correct relative sea level at these sites for contamination due to glacial isostatic adjustment using a sea-level calculation that includes a gravitationally self-consistent treatment of sediment redistribution and compaction, and estimate a peak global mean sea level of -38 ± 7 m during the interval 50-37 ka. With suitable sedimentary core records, the approach described herein can be extended to refine existing constraints on global ice volume across the entire glacial period.

  8. Energetics and Dynamics of the Reactions of O(3P) with Dimethyl Methylphosphonate and Sarin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conforti, Patrick F.; Braunstein, Matthew; Dodd, James A.

    2009-10-01

    Electronic structure and molecular dynamics calculations were performed on the reaction systems O(3P) + sarin and O(3P) + dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP), a sarin simulant. Transition state geometries, energies, and heats of reaction for the major reaction pathways were determined at several levels of theory, including AM1, B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p), and CBS-QB3. The major reaction pathways for both systems are similar and include H-atom abstraction, H-atom elimination, and methyl elimination, in rough order from low to high energy. The H-atom abstraction channels have fairly low barriers (˜10 kcal mol-1) and are close to thermoneutral, while the other channels have relatively high energy barriers (>40 kcal mol-1) and a wide range of reaction enthalpies. We have also found a two-step pathway leading to methyl elimination through O-atom attack on the phosphorus atom for DMMP and sarin. For sarin, the two-step methyl elimination pathway is significantly lower in energy than the single-step pathway. We also present results of O(3P) + sarin and O(3P) + DMMP reaction cross sections over a broad range of collision energies (2-10 km s-1 collision velocities) obtained using the direct dynamics method with an AM1 semiempirical potential. These excitation functions are intended as an approximate guide to future hyperthermal measurements, which to our knowledge have not yet examined either of these systems. The reaction barriers, reaction enthalpies, transition state structures, and excitation functions are generally similar for DMMP and sarin, with some moderate differences for methyl elimination energetics, which indicates DMMP will likely be a good substitute for sarin in many O(3P) chemical investigations.

  9. Suppressed ion chromatography methods for the routine determination of ultra low level anions and cations in ice cores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, M A; Palmer, A S

    2001-06-01

    The concentration of trace ionic species in snow and ice samples was determined using suppressed ion chromatography (IC) with conductivity detection and ultra-clean sample preparation techniques. Trace anion species were determined in a single 24-min run by combining sample preconcentration with gradient elution using Na2B4O7 eluent. The detection limits (ranging from 0.001 to 0.006 microM) are the lowest reported in the literature. Cation species were analysed by direct injection of 0.25 ml and isocratic elution with a H2SO4 eluent. The clean preparation techniques showed no evidence of a difference (Student's t-test) between Milli-Q water samples analysed directly and processed Milli-Q ice samples. These robust, ultra-clean IC methods were routinely applied to the analysis of large number of samples to produce a high-resolution trace ion ice core record from Law Dome, East Antarctica.

  10. Recent declines in PAH, PCB, and toxaphene levels in the Northern Great Lakes as determined from high resolution sediment cores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, A.R.; Stapleton, H.M.; Cornwell, J.; Baker, J.E. [University of Maryland, Solomons, MD (USA). Chesapeake Biological Lab., Center for Environmental Science

    2001-10-01

    Sediment cores were collected from two sites in Grand Traverse Bay, Lake Michigan in May 1998, dated using {sup 210}Pb geochronology, and analysed for polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and toxaphene. The extraordinarily high sediment focusing and accumulation rates in these cores relative to other Great Lakes sediments allowed quantification of high-resolution temporal trends in the burial of hydrophobic organic contaminants. The focus-corrected accumulation rate of total PCBs (sum of 105 congeners) in 1998 was 0.50 ng/cm{sup 2}-year at both sites. Toxaphene and total PAH (t-PAH; sum of 33 compounds) surficial accumulations varied at each site and ranged from 0.08 to 0.41 ng/cm{sup 2}-year for toxaphene and 25 to 52 ng/cm{sup 2}-r for t-PAHs at the two sites. The maximum t-PAH accumulation rate was in sediment dated from 1942, and PAH accumulation decreased from 1942 to 1980 with a first-order rate of decline 0.017 yr{sup -1}. This was due to a shift from coal in industrial processes and particulate emission control, following an increase in coal and coke use during World War II. Both toxaphene and t-PCB accumulations peaked in sediment deposited in 1972, after which their accumulations decreased with nearly identical rates of decline (0.027 yr{sup -1} and 0.028 yr{sup -1}, respectively). 34 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Coinage metal complexes supported by a "PN(3)P" scaffold.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Gyandshwar Kumar; Gorelsky, Serge I; Korobkov, Ilia; Richeson, Darrin

    2015-11-28

    A series of monovalent group 11 complexes, [2,6-{Ph2PNMe}2(NC5H3)]CuBr 1, [2,6-{Ph2PNMe}2(NC5H3)]CuOTf 2, [2,6-{Ph2PNMe}2(NC5H3)]AgOTf 3, and [2,6-{Ph2PNMe}2(NC5H3)](AuCl)24, supported by a neutral PN(3)P ligand have been synthesized and characterized by multinuclear NMR and single crystal X-ray diffraction studies. The variation of the coordination properties were analyzed and electronic structure calculations have been carried out to provide insight on the bonding details in these complexes. The Cu(I) complexes displayed an unusual coordination geometry with a tridentate pincer ligand and an overall four coordinate trigonal pyramidal geometry. In contrast the Ag(I) analogue displayed a bidentate κ(2)-P,P' ligation leaving the pyridyl-N atom uncoordinated and yielding a pyramidalized trigonal planar geometry around Ag. The bimetallic Au(I) complex completed the series and displayed a monodentate P-bonded ligand and a linear coordination geometry.

  12. Core-level binding-energy shifts due to end effects in polymers: A Hartree-Fock Green's-function study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seel, M.; Ladik, J.

    1985-10-01

    Hartree-Fock Green's-function studies of end effects on the core-level structure of metallic and insulating quasi-one-dimensional model polymers reveal additional core peaks outside the bulk bands. In the metallic case, shifts to both lower (~-150 meV) and higher (~+50 meV) binding energies are observed, whereas in the insulating case, split-off peaks occur only at the lower-binding-energy side (~-150 meV). It is shown that a positive or negative net valence population alone does not determine the direction of the shift. The binding-energy changes are determined by a detailed balance between the energy loss due to a decrease in the electron-nuclear attraction and the energy gain due to a decrease in the electron-electron repulsion experienced by the core electrons of the end atoms. This can probably also explain why for some metal surfaces, shifts towards lower, and for others, shifts towards higher, binding energies are found. In the valence region of the investigated lithium chains, the ends do not produce localized end states.

  13. 1S core-level spectroscopy of graphite: The effects of phonons on emission and absorption and validity of the final-state rule

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franck, C.P.; Schnatterly, S.E.; Zutavern, F.J.; Aton, T.; Cafolla, T.; Carson, R.D.

    1985-04-15

    We have used both electron-induced soft x-ray emission and fast inelastic electron scattering to observe 1S core-level emission and absorption in graphite near threshold. Linear phonon coupling with partial relaxation is found to quantitatively explain the absorption linewidth, the emission broadening, and the unusually large difference between emission and absorption threshold energies (Stokes shift). Both emission and absorption line shapes quantitatively obey the final-state rule, which asserts that the best single-particle potential describing these many electron processes is the final-state potential.

  14. Proteomics Core

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Proteomics Core is the central resource for mass spectrometry based proteomics within the NHLBI. The Core staff help collaborators design proteomics experiments in a...

  15. Proteomics Core

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Proteomics Core is the central resource for mass spectrometry based proteomics within the NHLBI. The Core staff help collaborators design proteomics experiments in...

  16. miR-208-3p promotes hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation and invasion through regulating ARID2 expression

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Peng; Wu, Dingguo; You, Yu; Sun, Jing; Lu, Lele; Tan, Jiaxing; Bie, Ping, E-mail: bieping2010@163.com

    2015-08-15

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression at post-transcriptional level. miRNA dysregulation plays a causal role in cancer progression. In this study, miR-208-3p was highly expressed and directly repressed ARID2 expression. As a result, ARID2 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was decreased. In vitro, miR-208-3p down-regulation and ARID2 over-expression elicited similar inhibitory effects on HCC cell proliferation and invasion. In vivo test results revealed that miR-208-3p down-regulation inhibited HCC tumorigenesis in Hep3B cells. Moreover, ARID2 was possibly a downstream element of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFβ1)/miR-208-3p/ARID2 regulatory pathway. These findings suggested that miR-208-3p up-regulation is associated with HCC cell progression and may provide a new target for liver cancer treatment. - Highlights: • miR-208-3p was highly expressed and directly repressed the expression of ARID2 in HCC. • miR-208-3p contributed to HCC cell progression both in vitro and in vivo. • Over-expression of ARID2 inhibited the HCC cell proliferation and invasion. • Restoration of ARID2 partly reversed the the effect of miR-208-3p down-regulation on HCC cells. • Newly regulatory pathway: miR-208-3p mediated the repression of ARID2 by TGFβ1 in HCC cells.

  17. sp2/sp3 hybridization ratio in amorphous carbon from C 1s core-level shifts: X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and first-principles calculation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haerle, Rainer; Riedo, Elisa; Pasquarello, Alfredo; Baldereschi, Alfonso

    2002-01-01

    Using a combined experimental and theoretical approach, we address C 1s core-level shifts in amorphous carbon. Experimental results are obtained by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and electron-energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) on thin-film samples of different atomic density, obtained by a pulsed-laser deposition growth process. The XPS spectra are deconvoluted into two contributions, which are attributed to sp2- and sp3-hybridized atoms, respectively, separated by 0.9 eV, independent of atomic density. The sp3 hybridization content extracted from XPS is consistent with the atomic density derived from the plasmon energy in the EELS spectrum. In our theoretical study, we generate several periodic model structures of amorphous carbon of different densities applying two schemes of increasing accuracy in sequence. We first use a molecular-dynamics approach, based on an environmental-dependent tight-binding Hamiltonian to quench the systems from the liquid phase. The final model structures are then obtained by further atomic relaxation using a first-principles pseudopotential plane-wave approach within density-functional theory. Within the latter framework, we also calculate carbon 1s core-level shifts for our disordered model structures. We find that the shifts associated to threefold- and fourfold- coordinated carbon atoms give rise to two distinct peaks separated by about 1.0 eV, independent of density, in close agreement with experimental observations. This provides strong support for decomposing the XPS spectra into two peaks resulting from sp2- and sp3-hybridized atoms. Core-hole relaxations effects account for about 30% of the calculated shifts.

  18. Li induced effects in the core level and π-band electronic structure of graphene grown on C-face SiC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johansson, Leif I., E-mail: lij@ifm.liu.se; Xia, Chao; Virojanadara, Chariya [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Linköping University, SE-58183 Linköping (Sweden)

    2015-11-15

    Studies of the effects induced in the electronic structure after Li deposition, and subsequent heating, on graphene samples prepared on C-face SiC are reported. The as prepared graphene samples are essentially undoped, but after Li deposition, the Dirac point shifts down to 1.2 eV below the Fermi level due to electron doping. The shape of the C 1s level also indicates a doping concentration of around 10{sup 14 }cm{sup −2} after Li deposition, when compared with recent calculated results of core level spectra of graphene. The C 1s, Si 2p, and Li 1s core level results show little intercalation directly after deposition but that most of the Li has intercalated after heating at 280 °C. Heating at higher temperatures leads to desorption of Li from the sample, and at 1030 °C, Li can no longer be detected on the sample. The single π-band observable from multilayer C-face graphene samples in conventional angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy is reasonably sharp both on the initially prepared sample and after Li deposition. After heating at 280 °C, the π-band appears more diffuse and possibly split. The Dirac point becomes located at 0.4 eV below the Fermi level, which indicates occurrence of a significant reduction in the electron doping concentration. Constant energy photoelectron distribution patterns extracted from the as prepared graphene C-face sample and also after Li deposition and heating at 280 °C look very similar to earlier calculated distribution patterns for monolayer graphene.

  19. Ypq3p-dependent histidine uptake by the vacuolar membrane vesicles of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manabe, Kunio; Kawano-Kawada, Miyuki; Ikeda, Koichi; Sekito, Takayuki; Kakinuma, Yoshimi

    2016-06-01

    The vacuolar membrane proteins Ypq1p, Ypq2p, and Ypq3p of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are known as the members of the PQ-loop protein family. We found that the ATP-dependent uptake activities of arginine and histidine by the vacuolar membrane vesicles were decreased by ypq2Δ and ypq3Δ mutations, respectively. YPQ1 and AVT1, which are involved in the vacuolar uptake of lysine/arginine and histidine, respectively, were deleted in addition to ypq2Δ and ypq3Δ. The vacuolar membrane vesicles isolated from the resulting quadruple deletion mutant ypq1Δypq2Δypq3Δavt1Δ completely lost the uptake activity of basic amino acids, and that of histidine, but not lysine and arginine, was evidently enhanced by overexpressing YPQ3 in the mutant. These results suggest that Ypq3p is specifically involved in the vacuolar uptake of histidine in S. cerevisiae. The cellular level of Ypq3p-HA(3) was enhanced by depletion of histidine from culture medium, suggesting that it is regulated by the substrate.

  20. The Involvement of miR-29b-3p in Arterial Calcification by Targeting Matrix Metalloproteinase-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Wenhong; Zhang, Zhanman; Yang, Han; Lin, Qiuning; Han, Chuangye

    2017-01-01

    Vascular calcification is a risk predictor and common pathological change in cardiovascular diseases that are associated with elastin degradation and phenotypic transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells via gelatinase matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2). However, the mechanisms involved in this process remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationships between miR-29b-3p and MMP2, to confirm miR-29b-3p-mediated MMP2 expression at the posttranscriptional level in arterial calcification. In male Sprague Dawley rats, arterial calcification was induced by subcutaneous injection of a toxic dose of cholecalciferol. In vivo, the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) showed that MMP2 expression was upregulated in calcified arterial tissues, and miR-29b-3p expression was downregulated. There was a negative correlation between MMP2 mRNA expression and miR-29b-3p levels (P = 0.0014, R2 = 0.481). Western blotting showed that MMP2 expression was significantly increased in rats treated with cholecalciferol. In vitro, overexpression of miR-29b-3p led to decreased MMP2 expression in rat vascular smooth muscle cells, while downregulation of miR-29b-3p expression led to increased MMP2 expression. Moreover, the luciferase reporter assay confirmed that MMP2 is the direct target of miR-29b-3p. Together, our results demonstrated that a role of miR-29b-3p in vascular calcification involves targeting MMP2. PMID:28164126

  1. The Involvement of miR-29b-3p in Arterial Calcification by Targeting Matrix Metalloproteinase-2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenhong Jiang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Vascular calcification is a risk predictor and common pathological change in cardiovascular diseases that are associated with elastin degradation and phenotypic transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells via gelatinase matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2. However, the mechanisms involved in this process remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationships between miR-29b-3p and MMP2, to confirm miR-29b-3p-mediated MMP2 expression at the posttranscriptional level in arterial calcification. In male Sprague Dawley rats, arterial calcification was induced by subcutaneous injection of a toxic dose of cholecalciferol. In vivo, the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR showed that MMP2 expression was upregulated in calcified arterial tissues, and miR-29b-3p expression was downregulated. There was a negative correlation between MMP2 mRNA expression and miR-29b-3p levels (P=0.0014, R2=0.481. Western blotting showed that MMP2 expression was significantly increased in rats treated with cholecalciferol. In vitro, overexpression of miR-29b-3p led to decreased MMP2 expression in rat vascular smooth muscle cells, while downregulation of miR-29b-3p expression led to increased MMP2 expression. Moreover, the luciferase reporter assay confirmed that MMP2 is the direct target of miR-29b-3p. Together, our results demonstrated that a role of miR-29b-3p in vascular calcification involves targeting MMP2.

  2. Performance of the TPSS Functional on Predicting Core Level Binding Energies of Main Group Elements Containing Molecules: A Good Choice for Molecules Adsorbed on Metal Surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pueyo Bellafont, Noèlia; Viñes, Francesc; Illas, Francesc

    2016-01-12

    Here we explored the performance of Hartree-Fock (HF), Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE), and Tao-Perdew-Staroverov-Scuseria (TPSS) functionals in predicting core level 1s binding energies (BEs) and BE shifts (ΔBEs) for a large set of 68 molecules containing a wide variety of functional groups for main group elements B → F and considering up to 185 core levels. A statistical analysis comparing with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) experiments shows that BEs estimations are very accurate, TPSS exhibiting the best performance. Considering ΔBEs, the three methods yield very similar and excellent results, with mean absolute deviations of ∼0.25 eV. When considering relativistic effects, BEs deviations drop approaching experimental values. So, the largest mean percentage deviation is of 0.25% only. Linear trends among experimental and estimated values have been found, gaining offsets with respect to ideality. By adding relativistic effects to offsets, HF and TPSS methods underestimate experimental values by solely 0.11 and 0.05 eV, respectively, well within XPS chemical precision. TPSS is posed as an excellent choice for the characterization, by XPS, of molecules on metal solid substrates, given its suitability in describing metal substrates bonds and atomic and/or molecular orbitals.

  3. Structural origin of Si-2p core-level shifts from Si(100)-c[4x2] surface: A spectral x-ray photoelectron diffraction study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, X.; Tonner, B.P. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States); Denlinger, J. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)][Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

    1997-04-01

    The authors have performed angle-resolved x-ray photoelectron diffraction (XPD) from a Si(100)-c(4x2) surface to study the structural origin of Si-2p core-level shifts. In the experiment, the highly resolved surface Si-2p core-level spectra were measured as a fine grid of hemisphere and photon energies, using the SpectroMicroscopy Facility {open_quotes}ultraESCA{close_quotes} instrument. By carefully decomposing the spectra into several surface peaks, the authors are able to obtain surface-atom resolved XPD patterns. Using a multiple scattering analysis, they derived a detailed atomic model for the Si(100)-c(4x2) surface. In this model, the asymmetric dimers were found tilted by 11.5 plus/minus 2.0 degrees with bond length of 2.32 plus/minus 0.05{angstrom}. By matching model XPD patterns to experiment, the authors can identify which atoms in the reconstructed surface are responsible for specific photoemission lines in the 2p spectrum.

  4. Operationalising the Lean principles in maternity service design using 3P methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Iain

    2016-01-01

    The last half century has seen significant changes to Maternity services in England. Though rates of maternal and infant mortality have fallen to very low levels, this has been achieved largely through hospital admission. It has been argued that maternity services may have become over-medicalised and service users have expressed a preference for more personalised care. NHS England's national strategy sets out a vision for a modern maternity service that continues to deliver safe care whilst also adopting the principles of personalisation. Therefore, there is a need to develop maternity services that balance safety with personal choice. To address this challenge, a maternity unit in North East England considered improving their service through refurbishment or building new facilities. Using a design process known as the production preparation process (or 3P), the Lean principles of understanding user value, mapping value-streams, creating flow, developing pull processes and continuous improvement were applied to the design of a new maternity department. Multiple stakeholders were engaged in the design through participation in a time-out (3P) workshop in which an innovative pathway and facility for maternity services were co-designed. The team created a hybrid model that they described as “wrap around care” in which the Lean concept of pull was applied to create a service and facility design in which expectant mothers were put at the centre of care with clinicians, skills, equipment and supplies drawn towards them in line with acuity changes as needed. Applying the Lean principles using the 3P method helped stakeholders to create an innovative design in line with the aspirations and objectives of the National Maternity Review. The case provides a practical example of stakeholders applying the Lean principles to maternity services and demonstrates the potential applicability of the Lean 3P approach to design healthcare services in line with policy requirements

  5. Operationalising the Lean principles in maternity service design using 3P methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Iain

    2016-01-01

    The last half century has seen significant changes to Maternity services in England. Though rates of maternal and infant mortality have fallen to very low levels, this has been achieved largely through hospital admission. It has been argued that maternity services may have become over-medicalised and service users have expressed a preference for more personalised care. NHS England's national strategy sets out a vision for a modern maternity service that continues to deliver safe care whilst also adopting the principles of personalisation. Therefore, there is a need to develop maternity services that balance safety with personal choice. To address this challenge, a maternity unit in North East England considered improving their service through refurbishment or building new facilities. Using a design process known as the production preparation process (or 3P), the Lean principles of understanding user value, mapping value-streams, creating flow, developing pull processes and continuous improvement were applied to the design of a new maternity department. Multiple stakeholders were engaged in the design through participation in a time-out (3P) workshop in which an innovative pathway and facility for maternity services were co-designed. The team created a hybrid model that they described as "wrap around care" in which the Lean concept of pull was applied to create a service and facility design in which expectant mothers were put at the centre of care with clinicians, skills, equipment and supplies drawn towards them in line with acuity changes as needed. Applying the Lean principles using the 3P method helped stakeholders to create an innovative design in line with the aspirations and objectives of the National Maternity Review. The case provides a practical example of stakeholders applying the Lean principles to maternity services and demonstrates the potential applicability of the Lean 3P approach to design healthcare services in line with policy requirements.

  6. Core-level spectra and binding energies of transition metal nitrides by non-destructive x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy through capping layers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greczynski, G.; Primetzhofer, D.; Lu, J.; Hultman, L.

    2017-02-01

    We present the first measurements of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) core level binding energies (BE:s) for the widely-applicable group IVb-VIb polycrystalline transition metal nitrides (TMN's) TiN, VN, CrN, ZrN, NbN, MoN, HfN, TaN, and WN as well as AlN and SiN, which are common components in the TMN-based alloy systems. Nitride thin film samples were grown at 400 °C by reactive dc magnetron sputtering from elemental targets in Ar/N2 atmosphere. For XPS measurements, layers are either (i) Ar+ ion-etched to remove surface oxides resulting from the air exposure during sample transfer from the growth chamber into the XPS system, or (ii) in situ capped with a few nm thick Cr or W overlayers in the deposition system prior to air-exposure and loading into the XPS instrument. Film elemental composition and phase content is thoroughly characterized with time-of-flight elastic recoil detection analysis (ToF-E ERDA), Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (RBS), and x-ray diffraction. High energy resolution core level XPS spectra acquired with monochromatic Al Kα radiation on the ISO-calibrated instrument reveal that even mild etching conditions result in the formation of a nitrogen-deficient surface layer that substantially affects the extracted binding energy values. These spectra-modifying effects of Ar+ ion bombardment increase with increasing the metal atom mass due to an increasing nitrogen-to-metal sputter yield ratio. The superior quality of the XPS spectra obtained in a non-destructive way from capped TMN films is evident from that numerous metal peaks, including Ti 2p, V 2p, Zr 3d, and Hf 4f, exhibit pronounced satellite features, in agreement with previously published spectra from layers grown and analyzed in situ. In addition, the N/metal concentration ratios are found to be 25-90% higher than those obtained from the corresponding ion-etched surfaces, and in most cases agree very well with the RBS and ToF-E ERDA values. The N 1 s BE:s extracted from

  7. miR-4782-3p Inhibited Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer growth via USP14

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ning Wu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide, with near 1.4 million deaths each year. NSCLC accounts for nearly 85% of all case of lung cancer. MiRNAs play important roles in regulation of gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. MiRNAs profiles may predict prognosis and disease recurrence in early-stage NSCLC. Our previous study proved that over-expression of ubiquitin specific peptidase 14 (USP14, a deubiquitinating enzyme, was associated with favorable prognosis in NSCLC patients and promoted tumor cells proliferation. Here, we tried to identify which miRNAs targeted USP14, and the roles of these miRNAs in NSCLC. Methods: MiR-4782-3p and its potential targeted genes were identified by bioinformatics algorithm. Dual luciferase reporter assay system was used to analyze the interaction between miR-4782-3p and targeted genes. Cell proliferation was assayed by MTT and BdU assay. MiRNAs and mRNA expression were assayed by qRT-PCR. USP14 protein level was assayed by Western blot. The role of miR-4782-3p in patients survival was revealed by Kaplan-Meier plot of overall survival. Results: Up-expression of miR-4782-3p in NSCLC cells decreased the USP14 expression. Down-expression of miR-4782-3p increased USP14 expression. In NSCLC specimen, Negative correlation between USP14 mRNA level and miR-4782-3p level was identified. Higher miR-4782-3p expression is associated with longer survival. USP14, ZEB2, XIAP overexpression reversed the inhibitory effect of miR-4782-3p. Conclusions: High expression of miR-4782-3p was associated with favorable prognosis in NSCLC patients. MiR-4782-3p inhibited cell proliferation in NSCLC by targeting USP14, ZEB2 and XIAP.

  8. Rapid measurement of perchlorate in polar ice cores down to sub-ng L(-1) levels without pre-concentration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Kari; Cole-Dai, Jihong; Brandis, Derek; Cox, Thomas; Splett, Scott

    2015-10-01

    An ion chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (IC-ESI-MS/MS) method has been developed for rapid and accurate measurement of perchlorate in polar snow and ice core samples in which perchlorate concentrations are expected to be as low as 0.1 ng L(-1). Separation of perchlorate from major inorganic species in snow is achieved with an ion chromatography system interfaced to an AB SCIEX triple quadrupole mass spectrometer operating in multiple reaction monitoring mode. Under optimized conditions, the limit of detection and lower limit of quantification without pre-concentration have been determined to be 0.1 and 0.3 ng L(-1), respectively, with a linear dynamic range of 0.3-10.0 ng L(-1) in routine measurement. These represent improvements over previously reported methods using similar analytical techniques. The improved method allows fast, accurate, and reproducible perchlorate quantification down to the sub-ng L(-1) level and will facilitate perchlorate measurement in the study of natural perchlorate production with polar ice cores in which perchlorate concentrations are anticipated to vary in the low and sub-ng L(-1) range. Initial measurements of perchlorate in ice core samples from central Greenland show that typical perchlorate concentrations in snow dated prior to the Industrial Revolution are about 0.8 ng L(-1), while perchlorate concentrations are significantly higher in recent (post-1980) snow, suggesting that anthropogenic sources are a significant contributor to perchlorate in the current environment.

  9. Ginkgolide B Inhibits Human Bladder Cancer Cell Migration and Invasion Through MicroRNA-223-3p

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Zhi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Ginkgolide B (GB is currently used as an anticancer drug for treatment of some malignant cancers. However, whether it may have therapeutic effects on bladder cancer remains unknown. Here, we studied the effects of GB on bladder cancer cells. Methods: Bladder cells were treated with different doses of GB, and the effects on ZEB1 and microRNA-223-3p (miR-223-3p were analyzed by RT-qPCR and/or Western blot. Prediction of a regulatory relationship between miR-93 and 3'-UTR of Beclin-1 mRNA was performed by a bioinformatics algorithm and confirmed by a dual luciferase reporter assay. Results: We found that GB dose-dependently decreased ZEB1 protein, but not mRNA, in bladder cancer cells, resulting in suppression of cell invasion. Moreover, in bladder cancer cells, GB dose-dependently decreased the levels of miR-223-3p, which suppressed the protein translation of ZEB1 through binding to 3'-UTR of ZEB1 mRNA. Overexpression of miR-223-3p decreased ZEB1 protein, while depletion of miR-223-3p increased ZEB1 protein in bladder cancer cells. Conclusion: GB inhibits bladder cancer cell invasiveness through suppressing ZEB1 protein translation via upregulating miR-223-3p.

  10. miR-129-3p controls centrosome number in metastatic prostate cancer cells by repressing CP110.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bijnsdorp, Irene V; Hodzic, Jasmina; Lagerweij, Tonny; Westerman, Bart; Krijgsman, Oscar; Broeke, Jurjen; Verweij, Frederik; Nilsson, R Jonas A; Rozendaal, Lawrence; van Beusechem, Victor W; van Moorselaar, Jeroen A; Wurdinger, Thomas; Geldof, Albert A

    2016-03-29

    The centrosome plays a key role in cancer invasion and metastasis. However, it is unclear how abnormal centrosome numbers are regulated when prostate cancer (PCa) cells become metastatic. CP110 was previously described for its contribution of centrosome amplification (CA) and early development of aggressive cell behaviour. However its regulation in metastatic cells remains unclear. Here we identified miR-129-3p as a novel metastatic microRNA. CP110 was identified as its target protein. In PCa cells that have metastatic capacity, CP110 expression was repressed by miR-129-3p. High miR-129-3p expression levels increased cell invasion, while increasing CP110 levels decreased cell invasion. Overexpression of CP110 in metastatic PCa cells resulted in a decrease in the number of metastasis. In tissues of PCa patients, low CP110 and high miR-129-3p expression levels correlated with metastasis, but not with the expression of genes related to EMT. Furthermore, overexpression of CP110 in metastatic PCa cells resulted in excessive-CA (E-CA), and a change in F-actin distribution which is in agreement with their reduced metastatic capacity. Our data demonstrate that miR-129-3p functions as a CA gatekeeper in metastatic PCa cells by maintaining pro-metastatic centrosome amplification (CA) and preventing anti-metastatic E-CA.

  11. Measurement of the spin-forbidden decay rate (3s3d)1D2¿(3s3p)3 P2,1 in 24Mg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Therkildsen, K. T.; Jensen, Brian Bak; Ryder, C. P.;

    2009-01-01

    We have measured the spin-forbidden decay rate from (3s3d)D12¿(3s3p)P32,1 in M24g atoms trapped in a magneto-optical trap. The total decay rate, summing up both exit channels (3s3p)P31 and (3s3p)P32 , yields 196±10s-1 in excellent agreement with resent relativistic many-body calculations of Porsev...

  12. 共沉默miR-221-3p/222-3p表达抑制骨髓间充质干细胞增殖及促成软骨分化%Down-regulation of miR-221-3p/222-3p inhibits cell proliferation and promotes chondrogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫继红; 周德山; 杨姝; 孙海梅; 曹丹丹; 张秀英; 季凤清; 郭多; 吴波; 孙婷怡

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND:The use of mesenchymal stem cels in the field of tissue engineering for osteoarticular injury repair is a very promising tool since these cels are readily expandable and able to differentiate into chondrocytes. Abundant evidence suggests that microRNAs play critical roles in chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cels. OBJECTIVE:To observe the chondrogenic effect of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels transfected with lentiviral vectors bearing miR-221-3p/222-3p inhibition, thereby provding new strategies for cartilage injury. METHODS: miRNA microarray technology was applied to detect microRNAs expression profiles at three different stages of chondrogenic differentiation induction after transforming growth factor-β3 treatment and verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels were infected with lentivirus bearing miR-221-3p/222-3p inhibition. After co-suppressing the expression of miR-221/222-3p, cel counting kit-8 was used to determine the cel proliferation, the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels towards chondrocytes was verified by type II colagen protein expression through immunohistochemistry and glycosaminoglycan accumulation was also elevated by sarranine O staining. RT-PCR was used to detect type II colagen and aggrecan mRNA expression at 21 days of chondrogenic induction. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The expression of miR-221-3p/222-3p was inhibited after Lv-miR221-3p/222-3p inhibition co-transfected into bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels. microRNA microarray and RT-qPCR results showed that the expression of miR-221-3p/222-3p was declined significantly at the anaphase of chondrogenic differentiation. The expression levels of chondrogenic markers, Aggrecan and type II colagen were significantly increased in the miR-221-3p/222-3p inhibition group and cel proliferation was also inhibited significantly compared with non-transduced cels or transduced with the empty

  13. The Evolution of Ga and As Core Levels in the Formation of Fe/GaAs(001): A High Resolution Soft X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, J W; Neal, J R; Shen, T H; Morton, S A; Tobin, J G; Waddill, G D; Matthew, J D; Greig, D; Hopkinson, M

    2006-12-08

    A high resolution soft x-ray photoelectron spectroscopic study of Ga and As 3d core levels has been conducted for Fe/GaAs (001) as a function of Fe thickness. This work has provided unambiguous evidence of substrate disrupting chemical reactions induced by the Fe overlayer--a quantitative analysis of the acquired spectra indicates significantly differing behavior of Ga and As during Fe growth, and our observations have been compared with existing theoretical models. Our results demonstrate that the outdiffusing Ga and As remain largely confined to the interface region, forming a thin intermixed layer. Whereas at low coverages Fe has little influence on the underlying GaAs substrate, the onset of substrate disruption when the Fe thickness reaches 3.5 {angstrom} results in major changes in the energy distribution curves (EDCs) of both As and Ga 3d cores. Our quantitative analysis suggests the presence of two new As environments of metallic character; one bound to the interfacial region and another which, as confirmed by in-situ oxidation experiments, surface segregates and persists over a wide range of overlayer thickness. Analysis of the corresponding Ga 3d EDCs found not two, but three new environments--also metallic in nature. Two of the three are interface-resident whereas the third undergoes outdiffusion at low Fe coverages. Based on the variations of the integrated intensities of each component, we present a schematic of the proposed chemical make-up of the Fe/GaAs (001) system.

  14. The evolution of Ga and As core levels in the formation of Fe/GaAs (001):A high resolution soft x-ray photoelectron spectroscopic study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, Jamie; Neal, James; Shen, Tiehan; Morton, Simon; Tobin, James; Waddill, George Dan; Matthew, Jim; Greig, Denis; Hopkinson, Mark

    2008-07-14

    A high resolution soft x-ray photoelectron spectroscopic study of Ga and As 3d core levels has been conducted for Fe/GaAs (001) as a function of Fe thickness. This work has provided unambiguous evidence of substrate disrupting chemical reactions induced by the Fe overlayer--a quantitative analysis of the acquired spectra indicates significantly differing behavior of Ga and As during Fe growth, and our observations have been compared with existing theoretical models. Our results demonstrate that the outdiffusing Ga and As remain largely confined to the interface region, forming a thin intermixed layer. Whereas at low coverages Fe has little influence on the underlying GaAs substrate, the onset of substrate disruption when the Fe thickness reaches 3.5 Angstrom results in major changes in the energy distribution curves (EDCs) of both As and Ga 3d cores. Our quantitative analysis suggests the presence of two additional As environments of metallic character: one bound to the interfacial region and another which, as confirmed by in situ oxidation experiments, surface segregates and persists over a wide range of overlayer thickness. Analysis of the corresponding Ga 3d EDCs found not two, but three additional environments--also metallic in nature. Two of the three are interface resident whereas the third undergoes outdiffusion at low Fe coverages. Based on the variations of the integrated intensities of each component, we present a schematic of the proposed chemical makeup of the Fe/GaAs (001) system.

  15. The importance of relative mutant level for evaluating impact on outcome of KIT, FLT3 and CBL mutations in core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, C; Hills, R K; Lamb, K; Evans, C; Tinsley, S; Sellar, R; O'Brien, M; Yin, J L; Burnett, A K; Linch, D C; Gale, R E

    2013-09-01

    Several different mutations collaborate with the fusion proteins in core-binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (CBF-AML) to induce leukemogenesis, but their prognostic significance remains unclear. We screened 354 predominantly younger (mutations and FLT3 internal tandem duplications (FLT3(ITD)) and assessed the impact of relative mutant level on outcome. Overall, 28% had KIT, 6% FLT3(ITD), 10% FLT3(TKD), 27% RAS and 6% CBL mutations. Mutant levels for all genes/loci were highly variable. KIT mutations were associated with a higher cumulative incidence of relapse but in multivariate analysis this was only significant for cases with a higher mutant level of 25% or greater (95% confidence interval (CI)=1.01-1.52, P=0.04). Similarly, only FLT3(ITD-HIGH) was a significant adverse factor for overall survival (OS; CI=1.27-5.39, P=0.004). Conversely, FLT3(TKD-HIGH) and CBL(HIGH) were both favorable factors for OS (CI= 0.31-0.89, P=0.01 and CI=0.05-0.85, P=0.02, respectively). KIT mutations were frequently lost at relapse, which is relevant to minimal residual disease detection and the clinical use of KIT inhibitors. These results indicate that relative mutant level should be taken into account when evaluating the impact of mutations in CBF-AML.

  16. A suggested emergency medicine boot camp curriculum for medical students based on the mapping of Core Entrustable Professional Activities to Emergency Medicine Level 1 milestones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamba S

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Sangeeta Lamba, Bryan Wilson, Brenda Natal, Roxanne Nagurka, Michael Anana, Harsh Sule Department of Emergency Medicine, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ, USA Background: An increasing number of students rank Emergency Medicine (EM as a top specialty choice, requiring medical schools to provide adequate exposure to EM. The Core Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs for Entering Residency by the Association of American Medical Colleges combined with the Milestone Project for EM residency training has attempted to standardize the undergraduate and graduate medical education goals. However, it remains unclear as to how the EPAs correlate to the milestones, and who owns the process of ensuring that an entering EM resident has competency at a certain minimum level. Recent trends establishing specialty-specific boot camps prepare students for residency and address the variability of skills of students coming from different medical schools. Objective: Our project’s goal was therefore to perform a needs assessment to inform the design of an EM boot camp curriculum. Toward this goal, we 1 mapped the core EPAs for graduating medical students to the EM residency Level 1 milestones in order to identify the possible gaps/needs and 2 conducted a pilot procedure workshop that was designed to address some of the identified gaps/needs in procedural skills. Methods: In order to inform the curriculum of an EM boot camp, we used a systematic approach to 1 identify gaps between the EPAs and EM milestones (Level 1 and 2 determine what essential and supplemental competencies/skills an incoming EM resident should ideally possess. We then piloted a 1-day, three-station advanced ABCs procedure workshop based on the identified needs. A pre-workshop test and survey assessed knowledge, preparedness, confidence, and perceived competence. A post-workshop survey evaluated the program, and a posttest combined with psychomotor skills test using three

  17. An improved flow analysis-ion chromatography method for determination of cationic and anionic species at trace levels in Antarctic ice cores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morganti, Andrea; Becagli, Silvia; Castellano, Emiliano; Severi, Mirko; Traversi, Rita; Udisti, Roberto

    2007-11-12

    A method was developed for the quantitative determination of cations and anions in Antarctic ice cores at microgL(-1) and sub-microgL(-1) levels by ion chromatography (IC), after ultra-clean decontamination procedures. Strict manipulation and decontamination procedures were used in sub-sampling, in order to minimise sample contamination. Na+, NH4+, K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+ were determined by 12-min isocratic elution (H2SO4 eluent). Contemporaneously, in a parallel device, F-, MSA (methanesulfonic acid), Cl-, NO3- and SO4(2-) were analysed in a single 12-min run with multiple-step elution using Na2CO3/NaHCO3 as eluent. Melted ice samples were pumped from their still-closed containers (polystyrene accuvettes with polyethylene caps), shared between the two ion chromatographic systems, online filtered (0.45 microm Teflon membrane) and pre-concentrated (anions and cations pre-concentration columns) using a flow analysis system, thus avoiding uptake of contaminants from the laboratory atmosphere. Sensitivity, linear range, reproducibility and detection limit were evaluated for each chemical species. Anion or cation detection limits ranged from 0.01 to 0.15 microgL(-1) by using a relatively small sample volume (1.5 mL). Such values are significantly lower than those reported in literature for almost all the components. These methods were successfully applied to the analysis of cations and anions at trace levels in the Dome C ice core. The composition of the atmospheric aerosol for the last 850 kyr was reconstructed by high-resolution continuous chemical stratigraphies. Concentration trends in the last nine glacial-interglacial climatic cycles were shown and briefly discussed.

  18. Ice cores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Anders

    2014-01-01

    Ice cores from Antarctica, from Greenland, and from a number of smaller glaciers around the world yield a wealth of information on past climates and environments. Ice cores offer unique records on past temperatures, atmospheric composition (including greenhouse gases), volcanism, solar activity......, dustiness, and biomass burning, among others. In Antarctica, ice cores extend back more than 800,000 years before present (Jouzel et al. 2007), whereas. Greenland ice cores cover the last 130,000 years...

  19. Ice cores

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Anders

    2014-01-01

    Ice cores from Antarctica, from Greenland, and from a number of smaller glaciers around the world yield a wealth of information on past climates and environments. Ice cores offer unique records on past temperatures, atmospheric composition (including greenhouse gases), volcanism, solar activity......, dustiness, and biomass burning, among others. In Antarctica, ice cores extend back more than 800,000 years before present (Jouzel et al. 2007), whereas. Greenland ice cores cover the last 130,000 years...

  20. Determination of lead isotopes in a new Greenland deep ice core at the sub-picogram per gram level by thermal ionization mass spectrometry using an improved decontamination method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Changhee; Burn-Nunes, Laurie J; Lee, Khanghyun; Chang, Chaewon; Kang, Jung-Ho; Han, Yeongcheol; Hur, Soon Do; Hong, Sungmin

    2015-08-01

    An improved decontamination method and ultraclean analytical procedures have been developed to minimize Pb contamination of processed glacial ice cores and to achieve reliable determination of Pb isotopes in North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling (NEEM) deep ice core sections with concentrations at the sub-picogram per gram level. A PL-7 (Fuso Chemical) silica-gel activator has replaced the previously used colloidal silica activator produced by Merck and has been shown to provide sufficiently enhanced ion beam intensity for Pb isotope analysis for a few tens of picograms of Pb. Considering the quantities of Pb contained in the NEEM Greenland ice core and a sample weight of 10 g used for the analysis, the blank contribution from the sample treatment was observed to be negligible. The decontamination and analysis of the artificial ice cores and selected NEEM Greenland ice core sections confirmed the cleanliness and effectiveness of the overall analytical process.

  1. MicroRNA-187-3p mitigates non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) development through down-regulation of BCL6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Chengcao [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Wuhan University, Wuhan (China); Li, Shujun [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Wuhan University, Wuhan (China); Wuhan Hospital for the Prevention and Treatment of Occupational Diseases, 430071 Wuhan (China); Yang, Cuili; Xi, Yongyong; Wang, Liang; Zhang, Feng [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Wuhan University, Wuhan (China); Li, Dejia, E-mail: lodjlwhu@sina.com [Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Wuhan University, Wuhan (China)

    2016-02-26

    Hsa-microRNA-187-3p (miR-187-3p) has recently been discovered having anticancer efficacy in different organs. However, the role of miR-187-3p on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is still ambiguous. In this study, we investigated the role of miR-187-3p on the development of NSCLC. The results indicated that miR-187-3p was significantly down-regulated in primary tumor tissues and very low levels were found in NSCLC cell lines. Ectopic expression of miR-187-3p in NSCLC cell lines significantly suppressed cell growth as evidenced by cell viability assay and colony formation assay, through inhibition of BCL6. In addition, miR-187-3p induced apoptosis, as indicated by concomitantly with up-regulation of the activities of caspase-3 and caspase-7, and inhibited cellular migration and invasiveness through inhibition of BCL6. Further, oncogene BCL6 was revealed to be a putative target of miR-187-3p, which was inversely correlated with miR-187-3p expression in NSCLC. Taken together, our results demonstrated that miR-187-3p played a pivotal role on NSCLC through inhibiting cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and promoting apoptosis by targeting oncogenic BCL6.

  2. Radiative rates for E1, E2, M1, and M2 transitions among the 3s$^2$3p$^5$, 3s3p$^6$, and 3s$^2$3p$^4$3d configurations of Cl-like W LVIII

    CERN Document Server

    Aggarwal, K M

    2014-01-01

    We report calculations of energy levels, radiative decay rates, and lifetimes for transitions among the 3s$^2$3p$^5$, 3s3p$^6$, and 3s$^2$3p$^4$3d configurations of Cl-like W LVIII. The general-purpose relativistic atomic structure package (GRASP) has been adopted for our calculations. Comparisons are made with the most recent results of Mohan et al. [Can. J. Phys. {\\bf 92} (2014) xxx] and discrepancies in lifetimes are noted, up to four orders of magnitude in some instances. Our energy levels are estimated to be accurate to better than 0.5\\%, whereas results for radiative rates and lifetimes should be accurate to better than 20\\%.

  3. Greenland ice sheet contribution to sea level rise during the last interglacial period: a modelling study driven and constrained by ice core data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Quiquet

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available As pointed out by the forth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC-AR4 (Meehl et al., 2007, the contribution of the two major ice sheets, Antarctica and Greenland, to global sea level rise, is a subject of key importance for the scientific community. By the end of the next century, a 3–5 °C warming is expected in Greenland. Similar temperatures in this region were reached during the last interglacial (LIG period, 130–115 ka BP, due to a change in orbital configuration rather than to an anthropogenic forcing. Ice core evidence suggests that the Greenland ice sheet (GIS survived this warm period, but great uncertainties remain about the total Greenland ice reduction during the LIG. Here we perform long-term simulations of the GIS using an improved ice sheet model. Both the methodologies chosen to reconstruct palaeoclimate and to calibrate the model are strongly based on proxy data. We suggest a relatively low contribution to LIG sea level rise from Greenland melting, ranging from 0.7 to 1.5 m of sea level equivalent, contrasting with previous studies. Our results suggest an important contribution of the Antarctic ice sheet to the LIG highstand.

  4. Mechanisms and Kinetics of Radical Reaction of O(1D,3P) + HCN System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Yu-Cheng; DU Jin-Yan; JU Xue-Hai; YE Shi-Yong; ZHOU Tao

    2008-01-01

    The reaction of HCN with O(1D, 3P) radical has been investigated by density functional theory (DFT) and ab initio methods. The stationary points on the reaction paths(reactants, intermediates and products) were optimized at the (U)B3LYP/aug-cc-pVTZ level.Single-point calculations were performed at the (U)QCISD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ level for the optimized structures and all the total energies were corrected by zero-point energy. It is shown that there exist three competing mechanisms of oxygen attacking nitrogen O→N, oxygen attacking carbon O→C and oxygen attacking hydrogen O→H. The rate constants were obtained via Eyring transition-state theory in the temperature range of 600~2000 K. The linear relationship between lnk and 1/T was presented. The results show that path 1 is the main reaction channel and the product of NCO + H is predominant.

  5. miR-187-3p inhibits the metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of hepatocellular carcinoma by targeting S100A4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dou, Changwei; Liu, Zhikui; Xu, Meng; Jia, Yuli; Wang, Yufeng; Li, Qing; Yang, Wei; Zheng, Xin; Tu, Kangsheng; Liu, Qingguang

    2016-10-28

    miR-187-3p, a novel cancer-related microRNA, was previously reported to play promoting or suppressive roles in different malignancies. However, the expression level, biological function, and underlying mechanisms of miR-187-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unknown. This study demonstrated that miR-187-3p was significantly down-regulated in HCC tissues and cell lines, and was associated with advanced TNM stage and metastasis in HCC. Functional studies confirmed that miR-187-3p could inhibit the metastasis of HCC both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, we proved that miR-187-3p could prevent the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of HCC cells. Mechanically, S100A4 was a direct downstream target of miR-187-3p, and mediated the functional influence of miR-187-3p in HCC. Furthermore, miR-187-3p and S100A4 expression was evidently correlated with adverse clinical features and poor prognosis of HCC. Lastly, we showed that hypoxia was responsible for the significantly decreased level of miR-187-3p in HCC, and miR-187-3p was involved in the promoting effects of hypoxia on the metastasis and EMT of HCC cells. Taken together, miR-187-3p inhibits the metastasis and EMT in HCC by targeting S100A4. miR-187-3p can serve as a prognostic indicator and a promising therapeutic target for HCC patients.

  6. Luteolin Inhibits Ischemia/Reperfusion-Induced Myocardial Injury in Rats via Downregulation of microRNA-208b-3p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Bian

    Full Text Available Luteolin (LUT, a kind of flavonoid which is extracted from a variety of diets, has been reported to convey protective effects of various diseases. Recent researches have suggested that LUT can carry out cardioprotective effects during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R. However, there have no reports on whether LUT can exert protective effects against myocardial I/R injury through the actions of specific microRNAs (miRs. The purpose of this study was to determine which miRs and target genes LUT exerted such function through.Expression of various miRs in perfused rat hearts was detected using a gene chip. Target genes were predicted with TargetScan, MiRDB and MiRanda. Anoxia/reoxygenation was used to simulate I/R. Cells were transfected by miR-208b-3p mimic, inhibitor and small interfering RNA of Ets1 (avian erythroblastosis virus E26 (v ets oncogene homolog 1. MiR-208b-3p and Ets1 mRNA were quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The percentage of apoptotic cells was detected by annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide dyeing and flow cytometry. The protein expression levels of cleaved caspase-3, Bcl-2, Bax, and Ets1 were examined by western blot analysis. A luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the combination between miR-208b-3p and the 3'-untranslated region of Ets1.LUT pretreatment reduced miR-208b-3p expression in myocardial tissue, as compared to the I/R group. And LUT decreased miR-208b-3p expression and apoptosis caused by I/R. However, overexpression of miR-208b-3p further aggravated the changes caused by I/R and blocked all the effects of LUT. Knockdown of miR-208b-3p expression also attenuated apoptosis, while knockdown of Ets1 promoted apoptosis. Further, the luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-208b-3p could inhibit Ets1 expression.LUT pretreatment conveys anti-apoptotic effects after myocardial I/R injury by decreasing miR-208b-3p and increasing Ets1 expression levels.

  7. Intersubband optical absorption between multi energy levels of electrons in InGaN/GaN spherical core-shell quantum dots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, W. H.; Qu, Y.; Ban, S. L.

    2017-02-01

    The intersubband optical absorption between multi energy levels of electrons in InxGa1-xN/GaN spherical core-shell quantum dots (CSQDs) and ternary mixed crystal and size effects have been investigated by using the principle of density matrix. Electronic eigenstates under the effect of built-in electric field (BEF) have been calculated by a finite element method. The results show that optical absorption between intersubbands with main quantum numbers n = 1 and n = 2 are as important as that between ones with n = 1 and different angular quantum numbers when the BEF is taken into account. In consideration of BEF, the saturation of total optical absorption coefficients (ACs) and secondary peaks of refractive index changes (RICs) appear when incident light intensity I surpasses a certain value. For a given I, the maximum ACs and zero RICs positions in InxGa1-xN/GaN CSQDs with a fixed shell size have a blue-shift when x increases or the core InxGa1-xN radius R1 decreases from 5 nm. However, when R1 > 5 nm, ACs and RICs tend to be stable. The results indicate that effective adjustment of ACs and RICs in CSQDs with BEFs by size is in a limited scale range. The saturation of ACs or secondary peaks of RICs appear more likely in CSQDs with smaller x or larger R1. These results are expected to be helpful both in the further theoretical and experimental study on optic devices consisting of CSQDs.

  8. Combination of MiR-103a-3p and Mesothelin Improves the Biomarker Performance of Malignant Mesothelioma Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryk, Oleksandr; Raiko, Irina; Pesch, Beate; Kollmeier, Jens; Bauer, Torsten T.; Brüning, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Background For the detection of malignant mesothelioma no single biomarker with reasonable sensitivity and specificity has been described so far. Mesothelin, the most prominent blood-based biomarker, is characterized by high specificity but low sensitivity. It might be reasonable to combine biomarkers of different molecular classes in order to improve the overall performance. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of the combination of mesothelin and miR-103a-3p as blood-based biomarker for mesothelioma. Methods/Principal Findings Mesothelin concentration in plasma and miR-103a-3p levels in the cellular blood fraction were analyzed in 43 male mesothelioma patients and 52 male controls formerly exposed to asbestos. For the discrimination of epithelioid and biphasic mesothelioma from asbestos-exposed controls mesothelin and miR-103a-3p showed 74% and 89% sensitivity and 85% and 63% specificity, respectively. For the combination of mesothelin and miR-103a-3p a sensitivity of 95% and a specificity of 81% were calculated. Conclusions/Significance The results of this study show that the combination of mesothelin and miR-103a-3p improves the diagnostic performance of individual blood-based biomarker to detect malignant mesothelioma. The obtained results indicate that the use of biomarkers of different molecular classes might be a reasonable approach to assemble a biomarker panel. PMID:25469901

  9. Combination of MiR-103a-3p and mesothelin improves the biomarker performance of malignant mesothelioma diagnosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel G Weber

    Full Text Available For the detection of malignant mesothelioma no single biomarker with reasonable sensitivity and specificity has been described so far. Mesothelin, the most prominent blood-based biomarker, is characterized by high specificity but low sensitivity. It might be reasonable to combine biomarkers of different molecular classes in order to improve the overall performance. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of the combination of mesothelin and miR-103a-3p as blood-based biomarker for mesothelioma.Mesothelin concentration in plasma and miR-103a-3p levels in the cellular blood fraction were analyzed in 43 male mesothelioma patients and 52 male controls formerly exposed to asbestos. For the discrimination of epithelioid and biphasic mesothelioma from asbestos-exposed controls mesothelin and miR-103a-3p showed 74% and 89% sensitivity and 85% and 63% specificity, respectively. For the combination of mesothelin and miR-103a-3p a sensitivity of 95% and a specificity of 81% were calculated.The results of this study show that the combination of mesothelin and miR-103a-3p improves the diagnostic performance of individual blood-based biomarker to detect malignant mesothelioma. The obtained results indicate that the use of biomarkers of different molecular classes might be a reasonable approach to assemble a biomarker panel.

  10. Tretinoin-loaded lipid-core nanocapsules decrease reactive oxygen species levels and improve bovine embryonic development during in vitro oocyte maturation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Caroline Gomes; Remião, Mariana Härter; Komninou, Eliza Rossi; Domingues, William Borges; Haas, Cristina; Leon, Priscila Marques Moura de; Campos, Vinicius Farias; Ourique, Aline; Guterres, Silvia S; Pohlmann, Adriana R; Basso, Andrea Cristina; Seixas, Fabiana Kömmling; Beck, Ruy Carlos Ruver; Collares, Tiago

    2015-12-01

    In vitro oocyte maturation (IVM) protocols can be improved by adding chemical supplements to the culture media. Tretinoin is considered an important retinoid in embryonic development and its association with lipid-core nanocapsules (TTN-LNC) represents an innovative way of improving its solubility, and chemical stability, and reducing its toxicity. The effects of supplementing IVM medium with TTN-LNC was evaluated by analyzing production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), S36-phosphorilated-p66Shc levels and caspase activity in early embryonic development, and expression of apoptosis and pluripotency genes in blastocysts. The lowest concentration tested (0.25μM) of TTN-LNC generated higher blastocyst rate, lower ROS production and S36-p66Shc amount. Additionally, expression of BAX and SHC1 were lower in both non-encapsulated tretinoin (TTN) and TTN-LNC-treated groups. Nanoencapsulation allowed the use of smaller concentrations of tretinoin to supplement IVM medium thus reducing toxic effects related with its use, decreasing ROS levels and apoptose frequency, and improving the blastocyst rates.

  11. PTTG1 regulated by miR-146a-3p promotes bladder cancer migration, invasion, metastasis and growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Wei; Wu, Xinchao; Huang, Chao; Wang, Miao; Zhao, Xian; Luo, Gang; Li, Yawei; Jiang, Guosong; Xiao, Xingyuan; Zeng, Fuqing

    2017-01-01

    Pituitary tumor-transforming gene 1 (PTTG1) is identified as an oncogene, and overexpresses in many tumors. However, the role of PTTG1 in bladder cancer (BC) hasn't yet been characterized well. In this study, we showed the expression of PTTG1 mRNA and protein were both significantly increased in BC tissues and cells. The PTTG1 protein levels were positive correlated with increased tumor size, tumor–node–metastasis (TNM) stage, lymphatic invasion and distant metastasis of BC. PTTG1 knockdown dramatically suppressed the migration, invasion, metastasis and growth, and induced senescence and cell-cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase of BC cells. We further identified PTTG1 was the direct target of miR-146a-3p through using target prediction algorithms and luciferase reporter assay. miR-146a-3p was low expressed and negatively correlated with PTTG1 levels in BC tissues and cells. miR-146a-3p overexpression inhibited migration, invasion, metastasis and growth, and induced senescence of BC cells. Rescue experiment suggested ectopic expression of miR-146a-3p and PTTG1 suppressed migration, invasion and induced cell cycle arrest and senescence of BC cells compared to PTTG1 overexpression, confirming miR-146a-3p inhibited BC progression by targeting PTTG1. In summary, our study found miR-146a-3p/PTTG1 axis regulated BC migration, invasion, metastasis and growth, and might be a targets for BC therapy. PMID:27893422

  12. Interface reactions in Mg/Zn3P2 solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazmerski, L. L.; Ireland, P. J.; Catalano, A.

    1981-05-01

    The composition and chemistry of the Mg/Zn3P2 interface was studied using surface analysis techniques. For higher carrier concentrations (p 10 to the 17th power/cu cm), a heterojunction occurs by the chemical interaction of the Mg with Zn3P2 to form Mg3P2. For lower carrier concentrations this reaction does not take place, and Mg diffuses into the Zn3P2. Diffusion coefficients of Mg in Zn3P2 are determined. Grain (crystalline) and grain boundary components of the diffusion coefficient are evaluated. These data compare very well with that reported using electron beam induced currents and spectral response measurements.

  13. IGCSE core mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Wall, Terry

    2013-01-01

    Give your core level students the support and framework they require to get their best grades with this book dedicated to the core level content of the revised syllabus and written specifically to ensure a more appropriate pace. This title has been written for Core content of the revised Cambridge IGCSE Mathematics (0580) syllabus for first teaching from 2013. ? Gives students the practice they require to deepen their understanding through plenty of practice questions. ? Consolidates learning with unique digital resources on the CD, included free with every book. We are working with Cambridge

  14. Measurement of the Hyperfine Structure and Isotope Shifts of the 3s23p2 3P2 to 3s3p3 3Do3 Transition in Silicon

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Siu Au

    2010-01-01

    The hyperfine structure and isotope shifts of the 3s23p2 3P2 to 3s3p3 3Do3 transition in silicon have been measured. The transition at 221.7 nm was studied by laser induced fluorescence in an atomic Si beam. For 29Si, the hyperfine A constant for the 3s23p2 3P2 level was determined to be -160.1+-1.3 MHz (1 sigma error), and the A constant for the 3s3p3 3Do3 level is -532.9+-0.6 MHz. This is the first time that these constants were measured. The isotope shifts (relative to the abundant isotope 28Si) of the transition were determined to be 1753.3+-1.1 MHz for 29Si and 3359.9+-0.6 MHz for 30Si. This is an improvement by about two orders of magnitude over a previous measurement. From these results we are able to predict the hyperfine structure and isotope shift of the radioactive 31Si atom, which is of interest in building a scalable quantum computer.

  15. Role of miR-222-3p in c-Src-Mediated Regulation of Osteoclastogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shinya Takigawa

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available MicroRNAs (miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that play a mostly post-transcriptional regulatory role in gene expression. Using RAW264.7 pre-osteoclast cells and genome-wide expression analysis, we identified a set of miRNAs that are involved in osteoclastogenesis. Based on in silico analysis, we specifically focused on miR-222-3p and evaluated its role in osteoclastogenesis. The results show that the inhibitor of miR-222-3p upregulated the mRNA levels of nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1 and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP, while its mimicking agent downregulated their mRNA levels. Western blot analysis showed that its inhibitor increased the protein levels of TRAP and cathepsin K, while its mimicking agent decreased their levels. Genome-wide mRNA expression analysis in the presence and absence of receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-B ligand (RANKL predicted c-Src as a potential regulatory target of miR-222-3p. Live cell imaging using a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET technique revealed that miR-222-3p acted as an inhibitor of c-Src activity, and a partial silencing of c-Src suppressed RANKL-induced expression of TRAP and cathepsin K, as well as the number of multi-nucleated osteoclasts and their pit formation. Collectively, the study herein demonstrates that miR-222-3p serves as an inhibitor of osteoclastogenesis and c-Src mediates its inhibition of cathepsin K and TRAP.

  16. Manifestation of screening effects and A-O covalency in the core level spectra of A site elements in the ABO3 structure of Ca1-xSrxRuO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ravi Shankar; Maiti, Kalobaran

    2007-08-01

    We investigate the evolution of Ca2p and Sr3d core level spectra in Ca1-xSrxRuO3 using photoemission spectroscopy. Core level spectra in this system exhibit multiple features and unusual evolution with the composition and temperatures. Analysis of the core level spectra in conjunction with the band structure results indicates final state effects due to different core hole screening channels. Such screening in the photoemission final states can be attributed to the large A-O covalency in these systems. Changes in the core level spectra with temperature and composition suggest significant modification in A-O (A=Ca/Sr) covalency in Ca-dominated samples, which gradually reduces with the increase in Sr content and becomes insignificant in SrRuO3 . This study thus provides a direct evidence of cation-oxygen covalency and its evolution with temperature, which may be useful in understanding the unusual ground state properties of these materials.

  17. Information Orientation, Information Technology Governance, and Information Technology Service Management: A Multi-Level Approach for Teaching the MBA Core Information Systems Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beachboard, John; Aytes, Kregg

    2011-01-01

    Core MBA IT courses have tended to be survey courses that cover important topics but often do not sufficiently engage students. The result is that many top-ranked MBA programs have not found such courses useful enough to include in their core MBA requirements. In this paper, we present a design of an MBA course emphasizing information technology…

  18. Response of MiRNA-22-3p and MiRNA-149-5p to Folate Deficiency and the Differential Regulation of MTHFR Expression in Normal and Cancerous Human Hepatocytes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chao; Ni, Juan; Liu, Yao-Xian; Wang, Han; Liang, Zi-Qing; Wang, Xu

    2017-01-01

    Background/Aims Folic acid (FA) is a core micronutrient involved in DNA synthesis/methylation, and the metabolism of FA is responsible for genomic stability. MicroRNAs may affect gene expression during folate metabolism when cellular homeostasis is changed. This study aimed to reveal the relationship between FA deficiency and the expression of miR-22-p/miR-149-5p and the targeted regulation of miR-22-3p/miR-149-5p on the key folate metabolic gene Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR). Methods Normal (HL-7702 cells) and cancerous (QGY-7703 cells) human hepatocytes were intervened in modified RPMI 1640 with FA deficiency for 21 days. The interaction between MTHFR and the tested miRNAs was verified by Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assays. The changes in the expression of miR-22-3p/miR-149-5p in response to FA deficiency were detected by Poly (A) Tailing RT-qPCR, and the expression of MTHFR at both the transcriptional and translational levels was determined by RT-qPCR and Western blotting, respectively. Result MiR-22-3p/miR-149-5p directly targeted the 3’UTR sequence of the MTHFR gene. FA deficiency led to an upregulation of miR-22-3p/miR-149-5p expression in QGY-7703/HL-7702 cells, while the transcription of MTHFR was decreased in QGY-7703 cells but elevated in HL-7702 cells. Western blotting showed that FA deficiency resulted in a decline of the MTHFR protein in QGY-7703 cells, whereas in HL-7702 cells, the MTHFR protein level remained constant. Conclusion The results suggested that miR-22-3p/miR-149-5p exert different post-transcriptional effects on MTHFR under conditions of FA deficiency in normal and cancerous human hepatocytes. The results also implied that miR-22-3p/miR-149-5p might exert anticancer effects in cases of long-term FA deficiency. PMID:28045918

  19. Transformer core

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mehendale, A.; Hagedoorn, Wouter; Lötters, Joost Conrad

    2010-01-01

    A transformer core includes a stack of a plurality of planar core plates of a magnetically permeable material, which plates each consist of a first and a second sub-part that together enclose at least one opening. The sub-parts can be fitted together via contact faces that are located on either side

  20. Transformer core

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mehendale, A.; Hagedoorn, Wouter; Lötters, Joost Conrad

    2008-01-01

    A transformer core includes a stack of a plurality of planar core plates of a magnetically permeable material, which plates each consist of a first and a second sub-part that together enclose at least one opening. The sub-parts can be fitted together via contact faces that are located on either side

  1. Energetics and Dynamics of the Reactions of O(3P) with Dimethyl Methylphosphonate and Saria

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-15

    a SN2 -like transition geometry, Figure 3c, the axial O-C-H bond angle is slightly bent more for reaction 4, Figure 3d. The products of reaction 4 are...Energetics and Dynamics of the Reactions of O(3P) with Dimethyl Methylphosphonate and Sarin Patrick F. Conforti and Matthew Braunstein* Spectral...calculations were performed on the reaction systems O(3P) + sarin and O(3P) + dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP), a sarin simulant. Transition state

  2. MicroRNA-219-2-3p functions as a tumor suppressor in gastric cancer and is regulated by DNA methylation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huizi Lei

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AIMS: Gastric cancer is the most frequent gastrointestinal tumor in adults and is the most lethal form of human cancer. Despite of the improvements in treatments, the underlying mechanism of gastric carcinogenesis is not well known. To define novel modulators that regulate susceptibility to tumorgenesis, we focused on miR-219-2-3p. METHODS: Quantitative RT-PCR was employed to investigate the level of miR-219-2-3p in gastric cancer (GC tissues (n = 113 and their matched adjacent normal tissues (n = 113. In vitro cell proliferation, apoptosis assays, cell migration, and invasion assays were performed to elucidate biological effects of miR-219-2-3p. Since silencing of miRNA by promoter CpG island methylation may be an important mechanism in tumorgenesis, GC cells were treated with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine and trichostatin A, and expression changes of miR-219-2-3p were subsequently examined by quantitative RT-PCR. Finally, the methylation status of CpG island upstream of miR-219-2-3p was analyzed by methylation-specific PCR in GC tissues (n = 22. RESULTS: miR-219-2-3p was down-regulated in GC and cell lines. In addition, the experiments documented the lower expression of miR-219-2-3p in GC specimens with higher grade and later stage tumors. Meanwhile, miR-219-2-3p exerted antiproliferative, proapoptotic, and antimetastatic roles and reduced levels of p-ERK1/2 in GC cells. Furthermore, 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine and trichostatin A increased the expression (~2 fold of miR-219-2-3p in GC cells. By methylation-specific PCR, DNA methylation in the upstream region of miR-219-2-3p was detected in both adjacent normal tissues and cancer tissues. As expected, the methylation level was considerably higher in the miR-219-2-3p down-regulated group than up-regulated group. CONCLUSIONS: miR-219-2-3p is potentially involved in gastric cancer progression and metastasis by regulating ERK1/2-related signal pathways, which may provide a novel therapeutic strategy

  3. MiR-466b-1-3p regulates P-glycoprotein expression in rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xiaobo; Ren, Weimin; Shao, Yiye; Chen, Yinghui

    2017-04-03

    Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders, and approximately one-third of epilepsy cases are resistant to treatment with anti-epileptic drug (AED). P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a multi-drug transporter that is thought to play a pivotal role in multiple drug resistance (MDR) in epilepsy. The regulatory mechanism of P-gp remains largely unknown; however, recent studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) may regulate the chemo-resistance mediated by P-gp. This study investigated the effect of specific miRNAs that regulate P-gp expression in rat cerebral microvascular endothelial cells (RCMECs). Primary cultures of RCMECs were treated with phenobarbital (PB) at various concentrations to induce P-gp overexpression. MiRNA microarrays were used to investigate the expression profiles of miRNAs in the resistant RCMECs induced by PB and corresponding non-resistant cells. Our data demonstrated decreased miR-466b-1-3p expression in the resistant cells compared with the non-resistant cells. Moreover, the recombinant RNA of 466b-1-3p (mimic) and the artificial antisense RNA of miR-466b-1-3p (inhibitor) were constructed and transfected into resistant RCMECs. The expression and function of P-gp were measured by Western blotting, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and flow cytometry using rhodamine efflux. The mRNA and protein levels of P-gp increased as the concentration of PB increased, whereas miR-466b-1-3p levels decreased with increasing PB concentrations (Pp mimic down-regulated P-gp expression, whereas the miR-466b-1-3p inhibitor up-regulated P-gp expression (Pp may regulate PB-induced P-gp expression in RCMECs.

  4. RECENT DECLINES IN PAH, PCB, AND TOXAPHENE LEVELS IN THE NORTHERN GREAT LAKES AS DETERMINED FROM HIGH RESOLUTION SEDIMENT CORES. (R825151)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sediment cores were collected from two sites in Grand Traverse Bay, Lake Michigan in May 1998, dated using 210Pb geochronology, and analyzed for polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and toxaphene. The extraor...

  5. miR-410-3p suppresses breast cancer progression by targeting Snail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ya-Feng; Yu, Yue; Song, Wang-Zhao; Zhang, Rui-Ming; Jin, Shan; Bai, Jun-Wen; Kang, Hong-Bin; Wang, Xin; Cao, Xu-Chen

    2016-07-01

    miR-410-3p acts as an oncogene or tumor-suppressor gene in various types of cancer. However, its role in breast cancer remains unknown. In the present study, expression of miR-410-3p in 30 breast cancer and paired adjacent normal tissues was detected by RT-qPCR. The expression of miR-410-3p was downregulated in 76.7% of the breast cancer samples. To further validate the expression of miR-410-3p in breast cancer, we analyzed miR-410-3p expression profiling data set from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) including 683 breast cancer and 87 normal breast tissues. We observed that the expression of miR-410-3p was downregulated in breast cancer tissues. Next, we investigated the influence of miR-410-3p on cell proliferation by transiently transfecting the miR-410-3p mimic or inhibitor, as well as their corresponding controls in the MDA-MB-231 and MCF7 cell lines. miR-410-3p overexpression reduced cell growth, colony formation and the number of EdU-positive cells in the MDA-MB-231 cells. In contrast, inhibition of miR-410-3p in the MCF7 cells resulted in a higher proliferation rate as assessed by MTT assay, plate colony formation and EdU assays. Furthermore, miR-410-3p inhibited epithelial-mesenchymal transition. In addition, Snail was found to be a direct target of miR-410-3p based on a luciferase assay. Overexpression of Snail was able to rescue the effect of miR-410-3p in breast cancer cells. Moreover, miR‑410-3p was inversely expressed with Snail in breast cancer samples. Our data provide new knowledge regarding the role of miR-410-3p in breast cancer progression.

  6. Phospholipid flippases Lem3p-Dnf1p and Lem3p-Dnf2p are involved in the sorting of the tryptophan permease Tat2p in yeast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hachiro, Takeru; Yamamoto, Takaharu; Nakano, Kenji; Tanaka, Kazuma

    2013-02-01

    The type 4 P-type ATPases are flippases that generate phospholipid asymmetry in membranes. In budding yeast, heteromeric flippases, including Lem3p-Dnf1p and Lem3p-Dnf2p, translocate phospholipids to the cytoplasmic leaflet of membranes. Here, we report that Lem3p-Dnf1/2p are involved in transport of the tryptophan permease Tat2p to the plasma membrane. The lem3Δ mutant exhibited a tryptophan requirement due to the mislocalization of Tat2p to intracellular membranes. Tat2p was relocalized to the plasma membrane when trans-Golgi network (TGN)-to-endosome transport was inhibited. Inhibition of ubiquitination by mutations in ubiquitination machinery also rerouted Tat2p to the plasma membrane. Lem3p-Dnf1/2p are localized to endosomal/TGN membranes in addition to the plasma membrane. Endocytosis mutants, in which Lem3p-Dnf1/2p are sequestered to the plasma membrane, also exhibited the ubiquitination-dependent missorting of Tat2p. These results suggest that Tat2p is ubiquitinated at the TGN and missorted to the vacuolar pathway in the lem3Δ mutant. The NH(2)-terminal cytoplasmic region of Tat2p containing ubiquitination acceptor lysines interacted with liposomes containing acidic phospholipids, including phosphatidylserine. This interaction was abrogated by alanine substitution mutations in the basic amino acids downstream of the ubiquitination sites. Interestingly, a mutant Tat2p containing these substitutions was missorted in a ubiquitination-dependent manner. We propose the following model based on these results; Tat2p is not ubiquitinated when the NH(2)-terminal region is bound to membrane phospholipids, but if it dissociates from the membrane due to a low level of phosphatidylserine caused by perturbation of phospholipid asymmetry in the lem3Δ mutant, Tat2p is ubiquitinated and then transported from the TGN to the vacuole.

  7. Ice Cores

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Records of past temperature, precipitation, atmospheric trace gases, and other aspects of climate and environment derived from ice cores drilled on glaciers and ice...

  8. Core BPEL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallwyl, Tim; Højsgaard, Espen

    extensions. Combined with the fact that the language definition does not provide a formal semantics, it is an arduous task to work formally with the language (e.g. to give an implementation). In this paper we identify a core subset of the language, called Core BPEL, which has fewer and simpler constructs......, does not allow omissions, and does not contain ignorable elements. We do so by identifying syntactic sugar, including default values, and ignorable elements in WS-BPEL. The analysis results in a translation from the full language to the core subset. Thus, we reduce the effort needed for working...... formally with WS-BPEL, as one, without loss of generality, need only consider the much simpler Core BPEL. This report may also be viewed as an addendum to the WS-BPEL standard specification, which clarifies the WS-BPEL syntax and presents the essential elements of the language in a more concise way...

  9. Core BPEL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hallwyl, Tim; Højsgaard, Espen

    extensions. Combined with the fact that the language definition does not provide a formal semantics, it is an arduous task to work formally with the language (e.g. to give an implementation). In this paper we identify a core subset of the language, called Core BPEL, which has fewer and simpler constructs......, does not allow omissions, and does not contain ignorable elements. We do so by identifying syntactic sugar, including default values, and ignorable elements in WS-BPEL. The analysis results in a translation from the full language to the core subset. Thus, we reduce the effort needed for working...... formally with WS-BPEL, as one, without loss of generality, need only consider the much simpler Core BPEL. This report may also be viewed as an addendum to the WS-BPEL standard specification, which clarifies the WS-BPEL syntax and presents the essential elements of the language in a more concise way...

  10. Core benefits

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Keith, Brian W

    2010-01-01

    This SPEC Kit explores the core employment benefits of retirement, and life, health, and other insurance -benefits that are typically decided by the parent institution and often have significant governmental regulation...

  11. Clinical significance of circulating miR-25-3p as a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in osteosarcoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujiwara, Tomohiro; Uotani, Koji; Yoshida, Aki; Morita, Takuya; Nezu, Yutaka; Kobayashi, Eisuke; Yoshida, Akihiko; Uehara, Takenori; Omori, Toshinori; Sugiu, Kazuhisa; Komatsubara, Tadashi; Takeda, Ken; Kunisada, Toshiyuki; Kawamura, Machiko; Kawai, Akira; Ochiya, Takahiro; Ozaki, Toshifumi

    2017-01-01

    Background Emerging evidence has suggested that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in body fluids have novel diagnostic and prognostic significance for patients with malignant diseases. The lack of useful biomarkers is a crucial problem of bone and soft tissue sarcomas; therefore, we investigated the circulating miRNA signature and its clinical relevance in osteosarcoma. Methods Global miRNA profiling was performed using patient serum collected from a discovery cohort of osteosarcoma patients and controls and cell culture media. The secretion of the detected miRNAs from osteosarcoma cells and clinical relevance of serum miRNA levels were evaluated using in vitro and in vivo models and a validation patient cohort. Results Discovery screening identified 236 serum miRNAs that were highly expressed in osteosarcoma patients compared with controls, and eight among these were also identified in the cell culture media. Upregulated expression levels of miR-17-5p and miR-25-3p were identified in osteosarcoma cells, and these were abundantly secreted into the culture media in tumor-derived exosomes. Serum miR-25-3p levels were significantly higher in osteosarcoma patients than in control individuals in the validation cohort, with favorable sensitivity and specificity compared with serum alkaline phosphatase. Furthermore, serum miR-25-3p levels at diagnosis were correlated with patient prognosis and reflected tumor burden in both in vivo models and patients; these associations were more sensitive than those of serum alkaline phosphatase. Conclusions Serum-based circulating miR-25-3p may serve as a non-invasive blood-based biomarker for tumor monitoring and prognostic prediction in osteosarcoma patients. PMID:28380419

  12. MicroRNA-19b-3p Modulates Japanese Encephalitis Virus-Mediated Inflammation via Targeting RNF11.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashraf, Usama; Zhu, Bibo; Ye, Jing; Wan, Shengfeng; Nie, Yanru; Chen, Zheng; Cui, Min; Wang, Chong; Duan, Xiaodong; Zhang, Hao; Chen, Huanchun; Cao, Shengbo

    2016-05-01

    Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) can invade the central nervous system and consequently induce neuroinflammation, which is characterized by profound neuronal cell damage accompanied by astrogliosis and microgliosis. Albeit microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as major regulatory noncoding RNAs with profound effects on inflammatory response, it is unknown how astrocytic miRNAs regulate JEV-induced inflammation. Here, we found the involvement of miR-19b-3p in regulating the JEV-induced inflammatory responsein vitroandin vivo The data demonstrated that miR-19b-3p is upregulated in cultured cells and mouse brain tissues during JEV infection. Overexpression of miR-19b-3p led to increased production of inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-6, interleukin-1β, and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5, after JEV infection, whereas knockdown of miR-19b-3p had completely opposite effects. Mechanistically, miR-19b-3p modulated the JEV-induced inflammatory response via targeting ring finger protein 11, a negative regulator of nuclear factor kappa B signaling. We also found that inhibition of ring finger protein 11 by miR-19b-3p resulted in accumulation of nuclear factor kappa B in the nucleus, which in turn led to higher production of inflammatory cytokines.In vivosilencing of miR-19b-3p by a specific antagomir reinvigorates the expression level of RNF11, which in turn reduces the production of inflammatory cytokines, abrogates gliosis and neuronal cell death, and eventually improves the survival rate in the mouse model. Collectively, our results demonstrate that miR-19b-3p positively regulates the JEV-induced inflammatory response. Thus, miR-19b-3p targeting may constitute a thought-provoking approach to rein in JEV-induced inflammation. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is one of the major causes of acute encephalitis in humans worldwide. The pathological features of JEV-induced encephalitis are inflammatory reactions and neurological diseases

  13. Sizeable beta-strength in 31Ar (beta 3p) decay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    T. Koldste, G.; Blank, B.; J. G. Borge, M.

    2014-01-01

    We present for the first time precise spectroscopic information on the recently discovered decay mode beta-delayed 3p-emission. The detection of the 3p events gives an increased sensitivity to the high energy part of the Gamow-Teller strength distribution from the decay of 31Ar revealing that as ...

  14. Cross sections and coherence terms for associative ionization of two differently excited Na(3p) atoms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, H.A.J.; Pelgrim, T.J.C.; Heideman, H.G.M.; Morgenstern, R.; Andersen, N.

    1989-01-01

    The associative ionization process in thermal Na(3p)-Na(3p) encounters has been studied in a series of crossed-beam experiments where the light polarization of the two laser beams preparing the excited atoms before collision was varied independently. It is shown how in this way maximum possible info

  15. Terminal 3p deletions in two families--correlation between molecular karyotype and phenotype.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pohjola, P.; Leeuw, N. de; Penttinen, M.; Kaariainen, H.

    2010-01-01

    The 3p deletion syndrome is a rare disorder caused by deletions of different sizes in the 3p25-pter region. It is characterized by growth retardation, developmental delay, mental retardation, dysmorphism, microcephaly, and ptosis. The phenotype of individuals with deletions varies from normal to sev

  16. Normal peroxisome development from vesicles induced by truncated Hansenula polymorpha Pex3p

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faber, KN; Haan, GJ; Baerends, RJS; Kram, AM; Veenhuis, M

    2002-01-01

    We show that the synthesis of the N-terminal 50 amino acids of Pex3p (Pex3p(1-50)) in Hansenula polymorpha pex3 cells is associated with the formation of vesicular membrane structures. Biochemical and ultrastructural findings suggest that the nuclear membrane is the donor membrane compartment of

  17. Ligand field splittings in core level transitions for transition metal (TM) oxides: Tanabe-Sugano diagrams and (TM) dangling bonds in vacated O-atom defects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucovsky, Gerry; Wu, Kun; Pappas, Brian; Whitten, Jerry

    2013-04-01

    Defect states in the forbidden band-gap below the conduction band edge are active as electron traps in nano-grain high-) transition metal (TM) oxides with thickness >0.3 nm, e.g., ZrO2 and HfO2. These oxides have received considerable attention as gate-dielectrics in complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) devices, and more recently are emerging as candidates for charge storage and memory devices. To provide a theoretical basis for device functionality, ab-initio many-electron theory is combined with X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) to study O K edge and TM core level transitions. These studies identify ligand field splittings (ΔLF) for defect state features,. When compared with those obtained from O-atom and TM-atom core spectroscopic transitions, this provides direct information about defect state sun-nm bonding arrangements. comparisons are made for (i) elemental TiO2 and Ti2O3 with different formal ionic charges, Ti4+ and Ti3+ and for (ii) Magneli Phase alloys, TinO2n-1, n is an integer 9>=n>3, and (TiO2)x(HfO2)1-x alloys. The alloys display multi-valent behavior from (i) different ionic-charge states, (ii} local bond-strain, and (iii) metallic hopping transport. The intrinsic bonding defects in TM oxides are identified as pairs of singly occupied dangling bonds. For 6-fold coordinated Ti-oxides defect excited states in 2nd derivative O K pre-edge spectra are essentially the same as single Ti-atom d2 transitions in Tanabe-Sugano (T-S) diagrams. O-vacated site defects in 8-fold coordinated ZrO2 and HfO2 are described by d8 T-S diagrams. T-S defect state ordering and splittings are functions of the coordination and symmetry of vacated site bordering TM atoms. ΔLF values from the analysis of T-S diagrams indicate medium range order (MRO) extending to 3rd and 4th nearest-neighbor (NN) TM-atoms. Values are different for 6-fold Ti, and 8-fold ZrO2 and HfO2, and scale inversely with differences in respective formal ionic radii. O-vacated site bonding

  18. Two PI 3-kinases and one PI 3-phosphatase together establish the cyclic waves of phagosomal PtdIns(3P critical for the degradation of apoptotic cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nan Lu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns(3P is a signaling molecule important for many membrane trafficking events, including phagosome maturation. The level of PtdIns(3P on phagosomes oscillates in two waves during phagosome maturation. However, the physiological significance of such oscillation remains unknown. Currently, the Class III PI 3-kinase (PI3K Vps34 is regarded as the only kinase that produces PtdIns(3P in phagosomal membranes. We report here that, in the nematode C. elegans, the Class II PI3K PIKI-1 plays a novel and crucial role in producing phagosomal PtdIns(3P. PIKI-1 is recruited to extending pseudopods and nascent phagosomes prior to the appearance of PtdIns(3P in a manner dependent on the large GTPase dynamin (DYN-1. PIKI-1 and VPS-34 act in sequence to provide overlapping pools of PtdIns(3P on phagosomes. Inactivating both piki-1 and vps-34 completely abolishes the production of phagosomal PtdIns(3P and disables phagosomes from recruiting multiple essential maturation factors, resulting in a complete arrest of apoptotic-cell degradation. We have further identified MTM-1, a PI 3-phosphatase that antagonizes the activities of PIKI-1 and VPS-34 by down-regulating PtdIns(3P on phagosomes. Remarkably, persistent appearance of phagosomal PtdIns(3P, as a result of inactivating mtm-1, blocks phagosome maturation. Our findings demonstrate that the proper oscillation pattern of PtdIns(3P on phagosomes, programmed by the coordinated activities of two PI3Ks and one PI 3-phosphatase, is critical for phagosome maturation. They further shed light on how the temporally controlled reversible phosphorylation of phosphoinositides regulates the progression of multi-step cellular events.

  19. The direct measurement of the 3 3P0-3 3P1 fine-structure interval and the gJ-factor of atomic silicon by laser magnetic resonance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evenson, K. M.; Beltran-Lopez, V.; Ley-Koo, E.; Inguscio, M.

    1984-01-01

    The J - 1 fine structure interval and the g-factor of the 3P1 state have been determined with high precision in the present laser magnetic resonance measurements of the ground 3p2 3P multiplet of atomic Si. Delta-E(3P1-3P0) = 2,311,755.6(7) MHz, and gJ(3P1) = 1.500830(70). Single-configuration calculations of gJ for 3P1 and 3P2 yield a value for the latter which, at 1.501095, is noted to differ by an unexpectedly large margin from the experimental value.

  20. MicroRNAs miR-203-3p, miR-664-3p and miR-708-5p are associated with median strain lifespan in mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Benjamin P.; Burić, Ivana; George-Pandeth, Anupriya; Flurkey, Kevin; Harrison, David E.; Yuan, Rong; Peters, Luanne L.; Kuchel, George A.; Melzer, David; Harries, Lorna W.

    2017-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA species that have been shown to have roles in multiple processes that occur in higher eukaryotes. They act by binding to specific sequences in the 3’ untranslated region of their target genes and causing the transcripts to be degraded by the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). MicroRNAs have previously been reported to demonstrate altered expression in several aging phenotypes such as cellular senescence and age itself. Here, we have measured the expression levels of 521 small regulatory microRNAs (miRNAs) in spleen tissue from young and old animals of 6 mouse strains with different median strain lifespans by quantitative real-time PCR. Expression levels of 3 microRNAs were robustly associated with strain lifespan, after correction for multiple statistical testing (miR-203-3p [β-coefficient = −0.6447, p = 4.8 × 10−11], miR-664-3p [β-coefficient = 0.5552, p = 5.1 × 10−8] and miR-708-5p [β-coefficient = 0.4986, p = 1.6 × 10−6]). Pathway analysis of binding sites for these three microRNAs revealed enrichment of target genes involved in key aging and longevity pathways including mTOR, FOXO and MAPK, most of which also demonstrated associations with longevity. Our results suggests that miR-203-3p, miR-664-3p and miR-708-5p may be implicated in pathways determining lifespan in mammals. PMID:28304372

  1. MiR-338-3p inhibits hepatocarcinoma cells and sensitizes these cells to sorafenib by targeting hypoxia-induced factor 1α.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haitao Xu

    Full Text Available Hypoxia is a common feature of solid tumors and an important contributor to anti-tumor drug resistance. Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1 is one of the key mediators of the hypoxia signaling pathway, and was recently proven to be required for sorafenib resistance in hepatocarcinoma (HCC. MicroRNAs have emerged as important posttranslational regulators in HCC. It was reported that miR-338-3p levels are associated with clinical aggressiveness of HCC. However, the roles of miR-338-3p in HCC disease and resistance to its therapeutic drugs are unknown. In this study, we found that miR-338-3p was frequently down-regulated in 14 HCC clinical samples and five cell lines. Overexpression of miR-338-3p inhibited HIF-1α 3'-UTR luciferase activity and HIF-1α protein levels in HepG2, SMMC-7721, and Huh7 cells. miR-338-3p significantly reduced cell viability and induced cell apoptosis of HCC cells. Additionally, HIF-1α overexpression rescued and HIF-1α knock-down abrogated the anti-HCC activity of miR-338-3p. Furthermore, miR-338-3p sensitized HCC cells to sorafenib in vitro and in a HCC subcutaneous nude mice tumor model by inhibiting HIF-1α. Collectively, miR-338-3p inhibits HCC tumor growth and sensitizes HCC cells to sorafenib by down-regulating HIF-1α. Our data indicate that miR-338-3p could be a potential candidate for HCC therapeutics.

  2. Up-regulation of miR-95-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma promotes tumorigenesis by targeting p21 expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Jian; Yao, Yufeng; Song, Qixue; Li, Sisi; Hu, Zhenkun; Yu, Yubing; Hu, Changqing; Da, Xingwen; Li, Hui; Chen, Qiuyun; Wang, Qing K.

    2016-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant cancers. To elucidate new regulatory mechanisms for heptocarcinogenesis, we investigated the regulation of p21, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor encoded by CDKN1A, in HCC. The expression level of p21 is decreased with the progression of HCC. Luciferase assays with a luciferase-p21-3′ UTR reporter and its serial deletions identified a 15-bp repressor element at the 3′-UTR of CDKN1A, which contains a binding site for miR-95-3p. Mutation of the binding site eliminated the regulatory effect of miR-95-3p on p21 expression. Posttranscriptional regulation of p21 expression by miR-95-3p is mainly on the protein level (suppression of translation). Overexpression of miR-95-3p in two different HCC cell lines, HepG2 and SMMC7721, significantly promoted cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and cell migration, whereas a miR-95-3p specific inhibitor decreased cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and cell migration. The effects of miR-95-3p on cellular functions were rescued by overexpression of p21. Overexpression of miR-95-3p promoted cell proliferation and tumor growth in HCC xenograft mouse models. Expression of miR-95-3p was significantly higher in HCC samples than in adjacent non-cancerous samples. These results demonstrate that miR-95-3p is a potential new marker for HCC and regulates hepatocarcinogenesis by directly targeting CDKN1A/p21 expression. PMID:27698442

  3. Excited-configuration metastable level lifetimes of Cl-like Mn IX and Fe X

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moehs; Church; Bhatti; Perger

    2000-07-03

    Forbidden transitions from levels with 3P and 1D cores in excited configurations of Cl-like Mn IX and Fe X have been isolated using interference filters. The fluorescence decay lifetimes of ions orbiting in a Kingdon ion trap were measured. New relativistic configuration interaction calculations of relevant level lifetimes, to aid the analysis, based on B-spline basis sets, are also presented. Line identifications and experimental lifetimes are Mn IX ((4)D(7/2)-(4)F(9/2)):363(-3/+7) nm; tau(Mn IX3p(4)(3P)3d (4)F(9/2)) = 210+/-42 ms; tau(Fe X,3p(4)(3P)3d (4)F(9/2)) = 85.7+/-9.2 ms; tau(Fe X,3p(4)(3P)3d (4)F(7/2)) = 93+/-30 ms; and tau(Fe X, 3p(4)(1D)3d (2)G(9/2)) = 17.8+/-3.1 ms.

  4. Orientation of Zn3P2 films via phosphidation of Zn precursors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsube, Ryoji; Nose, Yoshitaro

    2017-02-01

    Orientation of solar absorber is an important factor to achieve high efficiency of thin film solar cells. In the case of Zn3P2 which is a promising absorber of low-cost and high-efficiency solar cells, (110)/(001) orientation was only reported in previous studies. We have successfully prepared (101)-oriented Zn3P2 films by phosphidation of (0001)-oriented Zn films at 350 °C. The phosphidation mechanism of Zn is discussed through STEM observations on the partially-reacted sample and the consideration of the relationship between the crystal structures of Zn and Zn3P2 . We revealed that (0001)-oriented Zn led to nucleation of (101)-oriented Zn3P2 due to the similarity in atomic arrangement between Zn and Zn3P2 . The electrical resistivity of the (101)-oriented Zn3P2 film was lower than those of (110)/(001)-oriented films, which is an advantage of the phosphidation technique to the growth processes in previous works. The results in this study demonstrated that well-conductive Zn3P2 films could be obtained by controlling orientations of crystal grains, and provide a guiding principle for microstructure control in absorber materials.

  5. Electronic and Rovibrational Quantum Chemical Analysis of C$_3$P$^-$: The Next Interstellar Anion?

    CERN Document Server

    Fortenberry, Ryan C

    2015-01-01

    C$_3$P$^-$ is analogous to the known interstellar anion C$_3$N$^-$ with phosphorus replacing the nitrogen in a simple step down the periodic table. In this work, it is shown that C$_3$P$^-$ is likely to possess a dipole-bound excited state. It has been hypothesized and observationally supported that dipole-bound excited states are an avenue through which anions could be formed in the interstellar medium. Additionally, C$_3$P$^-$ has a valence excited state that may lead to further stabilization of this molecule, and C$_3$P$^-$ has a larger dipole moment than neutral C$_3$P ($\\sim 6$ D vs. $\\sim 4$ D). As such, C$_3$P$^-$ is probably a more detectable astromolecule than even its corresponding neutral radical. Highly-accurate quantum chemical quartic force fields are also applied to C$_3$P$^-$ and its singly $^{13}$C substituted isotopologues in order to provide structures, vibrational frequencies, and spectroscopic constants that may aid in its detection.

  6. Proton collisional excitation in the lowest lying 3P terms of ions in the Be and Mg isoelectronic sequences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landman, D. A.; Brown, T.

    1979-01-01

    Proton collisional excitation cross sections and rate constants are presented for transitions between the 3P(J) fine-structure levels of the lowest-lying sp configurations in a number of astrophysically important ions belonging to the Be and Mg isoelectronic sequences. The calculations were made by direct integration of the Schroedinger equation resulting from semiclassical Coulomb excitation theory. The cross sections and rate constants for the 3P(J) transitions in the lowest-lying P(2) configurations are expected to be similar to those for the corresponding sp configuration transitions, and this is illustrated for C III. For the high-temperature ion Ca XVII alpha particle excitation is shown to be unimportant for situations involving ordinary values of the He/H abundance ratio. A simple, but apparently accurate method for determining certain radial integrals for low-lying excited configurations is proposed.

  7. A software platform to analyse the ethical issues of electronic patient privacy policy: the S3P example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizani, M A; Baykal, N

    2007-12-01

    Paper-based privacy policies fail to resolve the new changes posed by electronic healthcare. Protecting patient privacy through electronic systems has become a serious concern and is the subject of several recent studies. The shift towards an electronic privacy policy introduces new ethical challenges that cannot be solved merely by technical measures. Structured Patient Privacy Policy (S3P) is a software tool assuming an automated electronic privacy policy in an electronic healthcare setting. It is designed to simulate different access levels and rights of various professionals involved in healthcare in order to assess the emerging ethical problems. The authors discuss ethical issues concerning electronic patient privacy policies that have become apparent during the development and application of S3P.

  8. Progress on the Multiphysics Capabilities of the Parallel Electromagnetic ACE3P Simulation Suite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kononenko, Oleksiy [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)

    2015-03-26

    ACE3P is a 3D parallel simulation suite that is being developed at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Effectively utilizing supercomputer resources, ACE3P has become a key tool for the coupled electromagnetic, thermal and mechanical research and design of particle accelerators. Based on the existing finite-element infrastructure, a massively parallel eigensolver is developed for modal analysis of mechanical structures. It complements a set of the multiphysics tools in ACE3P and, in particular, can be used for the comprehensive study of microphonics in accelerating cavities ensuring the operational reliability of a particle accelerator.

  9. Sizeable beta-strength in {sup 31}Ar (β3p) decay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koldste, G.T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Blank, B. [Centre d' Études Nucléaire de Bordeaux-Gradignan, CNRS/IN2P3 – Université Bordeaux I, F-33175 Gradignan Cedex (France); Borge, M.J.G.; Briz, J.A.; Carmona-Gallardo, M. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Fraile, L.M. [Grupo de Física Nuclear, Universidad Complutense, CEI Moncloa, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Fynbo, H.O.U. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Giovinazzo, J. [Centre d' Études Nucléaire de Bordeaux-Gradignan, CNRS/IN2P3 – Université Bordeaux I, F-33175 Gradignan Cedex (France); Johansen, J.G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Jokinen, A. [Department of Physics, University of Jyväskylä, FIN-40351 Jyväskylä (Finland); Jonson, B. [Fundamental Fysik, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, S-41296 Göteborg (Sweden); Kurturkian-Nieto, T. [Centre d' Études Nucléaire de Bordeaux-Gradignan, CNRS/IN2P3 – Université Bordeaux I, F-33175 Gradignan Cedex (France); Nilsson, T. [Fundamental Fysik, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, S-41296 Göteborg (Sweden); Perea, A.; Pesudo, V. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); and others

    2014-10-07

    We present for the first time precise spectroscopic information on the recently discovered decay mode β-delayed 3p-emission. The detection of the 3p events gives an increased sensitivity to the high energy part of the Gamow–Teller strength distribution from the decay of {sup 31}Ar revealing that as much as 30% of the strength resides in the β3p-decay mode. A simplified description of how the main decay modes evolve as the excitation energy increases in {sup 31}Cl is provided.

  10. SOLVING THE STUDENTS’ SPEAKING PROBLEM IN DELIVERING ENGLISH PRESENTATION THROUGH 3-P TECHNIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadif Ulfia

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Solving the Students’ Speaking Problem in Delivering English Presentation Through 3-P Technique. The aims of this study were to (1 identify whether and to what extent 3-P Technique can improve the students’ speaking competence in delivering presentation;(2 describe the teaching and learning when 3-P technique is implemented in English class. This research was conducted at the eleventh grades of MAN 1 Bojonegoro. The subjects of the research were the teacher and the students in the academic year 2016/2017. This study applied 3 cycle action research. In collecting the data, the researcher used observations through field notes, video recording, questionnaire and interview. To analyze the quantitative data, the researcher applied descriptive statistics. Besides, to analyze qualitative data, the researcher applied constant comparative method as suggested by Garner. The findings shows that: (1 3-P Technique can improve students’ speaking competence in delivering presentation in terms of students achievement, fluency, pronunciation, ability to express their opinions, arguments, and ideas using appropriate vocabulary and grammatical form, using appropriate body language, voice control, gesture, and eye contact; and (2 3-P technique can improve classroom situation in terms of increasing students’ motivation and participation, creating live teaching atmosphere, and increasing teacher motivation. Key words: Speaking, 3 P technique, Action research Abstrak: Memecahkan Masalah Keterampilan Berbicara Siswa dalam Menyampaikan Presentasi Berbahasa Inggris Melalui Teknik 3-P. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk (1 mengidentifikasi dan mengetahui sejauh mana teknik 3-P dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berbicara para siswa dalam menyampaikan sebuah presentasi; (2 mendeskripsikan kegiatan pembelajaran dalam penerapan teknik 3-P dalam pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada kelas sebelas MAN 1 Bojonegoro. Subyek  penelitian ini

  11. A Feedback Regulatory Loop between G3P and Lipid Transfer Proteins DIR1 and AZI1 Mediates Azelaic-Acid-Induced Systemic Immunity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keshun Yu

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Systemic acquired resistance (SAR, a highly desirable form of plant defense, provides broad-spectrum immunity against diverse pathogens. The recent identification of seemingly unrelated chemical inducers of SAR warrants an investigation of their mutual interrelationships. We show that SAR induced by the dicarboxylic acid azelaic acid (AA requires the phosphorylated sugar derivative glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P. Pathogen inoculation induced the release of free unsaturated fatty acids (FAs and thereby triggered AA accumulation, because these FAs serve as precursors for AA. AA accumulation in turn increased the levels of G3P, which is required for AA-conferred SAR. The lipid transfer proteins DIR1 and AZI1, both of which are required for G3P- and AA-induced SAR, were essential for G3P accumulation. Conversely, reduced G3P resulted in decreased AZI1 and DIR1 transcription. Our results demonstrate that an intricate feedback regulatory loop among G3P, DIR1, and AZI1 regulates SAR and that AA functions upstream of G3P in this pathway.

  12. Palynological record of tropical rain forest vegetation and sea level fluctuations since 140 ka from sediment core, south-eastern Arabian sea.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Farooqui, A.; Pattan, J.N.; Parthiban, G.; Srivastava, J.; Ranjana

    Palyno-chronological study of a 552 cm deep sediment core from the south-eastern Arabian Sea covers a time span of ~ 140 ka. The age estimate is based on oxygen isotopic data of planktic foraminifera. Six zones were identified on the basis...

  13. Excitons into one-axis crystals of zinc phosphide (Zn3P2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.M. Stepanchikov

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Theoretical study of excitons spectra is offered in this report as for Zn3P2 crystals. Spectra are got in the zero approach of the theory of perturbations with consideration of both the anisotropy of the dispersion law and the selection rules. The existence of two exciton series was found, which corresponds to two valence bands (hh, lh and the conductivity band (c. It is noteworthy that anisotropy of the dispersion law plus the existence of crystalline packets (layers normal to the main optical axis, both will permit the consideration of two-dimensional excitons too. The high temperature displaying of these 2D-exciton effects is not eliminated even into bulk crystals. The calculated values of the binding energies as well as the oscillator's strength for the optical transitions are given for a volume (3D and for two-dimensional (2D excitons. The model of energy exciton transitions and four-level scheme of stimulated exciton radiation for receiving laser effect are offered.

  14. Dynamics of the gas-liquid interfacial reaction of O(3P) atoms with hydrocarbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelso, Hailey; Köhler, Sven P. K.; Henderson, David A.; McKendrick, Kenneth G.

    2003-11-01

    We describe an experimental approach to the determination of the nascent internal state distribution of gas-phase products of a gas-liquid interfacial reaction. The system chosen for study is O(3P) atoms with the surface of liquid deuterated squalane, a partially branched long-chain saturated hydrocarbon, C30D62. The nascent OD products are detected by laser-induced fluorescence. Both OD (v'=0) and (v'=1) were observed in significant yield. The rotational distributions in both vibrational levels are essentially the same, and are characteristic of a Boltzmann distribution at a temperature close to that of the liquid surface. This contrasts with the distributions in the corresponding homogeneous gas-phase reactions. We propose a preliminary interpretation in terms of a dominant trapping-desorption mechanism, in which the OD molecules are retained at the surface sufficiently long to cause rotational equilibration but not complete vibrational relaxation. The significant yield of vibrationally excited OD also suggests that the surface is not composed entirely of -CD3 endgroups, but that secondary and/or tertiary units along the backbone are exposed.

  15. Utilising the `3P-model' to Characterise the Discipline of Didactics of Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adúriz-Bravo, Agustín; Izquierdo-Aymerich, Mercè

    In our research within didactics of science, we have been exploring contributions of the so called cognitive models from contemporary philosophy of science. We have used these philosophical frameworks on different levels. As an outcome, we have formulated a model of didactics of science according to which this discipline adapts and transforms theoretical contributions from different scholarly fields. In this paper, we concentrate on this description of didactics of science, which we have called the 3P-model (i.e., philosophy + psychology + pedagogy). This model of the internal functioning of the discipline may be useful to make innovations in science curriculum design and re-conceptualise the role of science teachers as professionals. We see didactics of science as a set of interrelated activities, performed by different individuals, and ranging from theoretical production to practice of science education at school. We find the concept of technoscience suitable to account for this diversity of goals. According to this concept, scientific disciplines are identified both with generation of knowledge and with active intervention on the world. Within current didactics of science, we recognise several kinds of research, having goals more or less directed to practical intervention in science education.

  16. Mir-338-3p Mediates Tnf-A-Induced Hepatic Insulin Resistance by Targeting PP4r1 to Regulate PP4 Expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dou, Lin; Wang, Shuyue; Sun, Libo; Huang, Xiuqing; Zhang, Yang; Shen, Tao; Guo, Jun; Man, Yong; Tang, Weiqing; Li, Jian

    2017-01-01

    Insulin resistance is a critical factor contributing to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and other metabolic diseases. Recent studies have indicated that miR-338-3p plays an important role in cancer. Here, we investigated whether miR-338-3p mediates tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced hepatic insulin resistance. The activation of the insulin signalling pathway and the level of glycogenesis were examined in the livers of the db/db and high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice and in HEP1-6 cells transfected with miR-338-3p mimic or inhibitor. Computational prediction of microRNA target, luciferase assay and Western blot were used to assess the miR-338-3p target. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay was used to determine the transcriptional regulator of miR-338-3p. miR-338-3p was down-regulated in the livers of the db/db, HFD-fed and TNF-α-treated C57BL/6J mice, as well as in mouse HEP1-6 hepatocytes treated with TNF-α. Importantly the down-regulation of miR-338-3p induced insulin resistance, as indicated by impaired glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance. Further research showed that the down-regulated miR-338-3p resulted in the impaired AKT/ glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSl·Gβ) signalling pathway and glycogen synthesis. In contrast, hepatic over-expression of miR-338-3p rescued the TNF-α-induced insulin resistance. Moreover, protein phosphatase 4 regulator subunit 1 (PP4R1) was identified as a direct target of miR-338-3p that mediated hepatic insulin signalling by regulating protein phosphatase 4 (PP4). Finally we identified hepatic nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF-4α) as the transcriptional regulator of miRNA-338-3p. Our studies provide novel insight into the critical role and molecular mechanism by which miR-338-3p is involved in TNF-α-induced hepatic insulin resistance. miR-338-3p might mediate TNF-α-induced hepatic insulin resistance by targeting PP4R1 to regulate PP4 expression. © 2017 The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.

  17. The Application of 3P+MYSQL Technology of Dynamic Website Design%3P+MYSQL技术在动态网站设计中的运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周悦; 朱小社

    2004-01-01

    在Windows2000 Server平台下分别利用ASP、PHP、JSP这三个动态网站技术,使用可以跨Windows和Linux平台的MYSQL数据库,采用三种连接数据库的方法,在三种不同特点的WEB服务器环境下,给出了动态网站设计中3P+MYSQL技术的运用.

  18. Isotope shifts of the (3s3p) 3P0,1,2-(3s4s) 3S1 Mg I transitions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    He, Ming; Therkildsen, Kasper T.; Jensen, Brian B.;

    2009-01-01

    We report measurements of the isotope shifts of the (3s3p)P30,1,2-(3s4s)S31 Mg I transitions for the stable isotopes M24g (I=0) , M25g (I=5/2) , and M26g (I=0) . Furthermore, the M25g S31 hyperfine coefficient A(S31)=(-321.6±1.5)MHz is extracted and found to be in excellent agreement with state...

  19. Pure partial monosomy 3p (3p25.3 → pter: Prenatal diagnosis and array comparative genomic hybridization characterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Ping Chen

    2012-09-01

    Conclusion: In this case, aCGH has characterized a 3p deleted region with haploinsufficiency of the neurodevelopmental genes associated with cognitive deficit and mental retardation but without involvement of the congenital heart disease susceptibility locus, and QF-PCR has determined a paternal origin of the deletion. aCGH and QF-PCR help to delineate the genomic imbalance in prenatally detected de novo chromosome aberration, and the information acquired is useful for genetic counseling.

  20. Surface and interface properties of Zn3P2 solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazmerski, L. L.; Ireland, P. J.; Catalano, A.

    1981-03-01

    The compositional properties of Zn3P2 thin films are studied using surface analysis techniques. Relative sensitivity factors of S(Zn sub LMM) = 0.29 and S(P sub LMM) = 0.34 are determined for this semiconductor with the aid of Auger electron spectroscopy standard spectra. The interfacial properties of the Mg/Zn3P2 thin-film solar cell are studied using Auger electron spectroscopy depth-compositional profiling in conjunction with complementary secondary ion mass spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data. Evidence is adduced for the formation of Mg3P2 at the metal-semiconductor interface. It is noted that this compound has a bandgap near that of Zn3P2. Attention is given to the possible formation of a heterojunction as a result of the interfacial reaction.

  1. MicroRNA-125a-3p expression in abdominal adipose tissues is associated with insulin signalling gene expressions in morbid obesity: observations in Taiwanese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Chiu-Li; Cheng, I-Chi; Hou, Yu-Chen; Wang, Weu; Yeh, Sung-Ling

    2014-01-01

    Micro (mi) RNAs have been found to play an important role in the regulation of adipogenesis and insulin sensitivity. However, associations between miRNA and insulin signalling-related gene expressions in abdominal adipose tissues in obese subjects remain unclear. We used a microarray platform to screen miRNA expressions in abdominal adipose tissues between genders in severely obese subjects and found that the top-ranking miRNA in abdominal omental adipose tissues was miRNA-125a-3p. MicroR-125a-3p and insulin signalling-related gene expressions in abdominal omental adipose tissues of all subjects (11 men and 10 women) were subsequently quantified by a real-time PCR. Also, associations of miR-125a-3p with insulin signalling-related gene expression and biochemical markers in obese subjects were analyzed by a linear regression analysis. miR-125a-3p expressed by abdominal omental adipose tissues was much higher in obese men than women. No gender difference was observed in abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissues. Concomitant with high miR-125a-3p, c-Jun N-terminal kinase gene expression was also higher, whereas insulin receptor was lower in men than women. There were negative associations of miR-125a-3p with the insulin receptor and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase expressions. Fasting plasma glucose and cholesterol levels were positively associated with miR- 125a-3p expression. These associations were obvious in obese men but not women. Our results support the involvement of miR-125a-3p in regulating the insulin signalling pathway and imply that increased miR- 125a-3p expression in omental adipose tissues may be a characteristic feature of insulin resistance in obese men.

  2. Newly discovered breast cancer susceptibility loci on 3p24 and 17q23.2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Shahana; Thomas, Gilles; Ghoussaini, Maya

    2009-01-01

    strong evidence for additional susceptibility loci on 3p (rs4973768: per-allele OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.08-1.13, P = 4.1 x 10(-23)) and 17q (rs6504950: per-allele OR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.92-0.97, P = 1.4 x 10(-8)). Potential causative genes include SLC4A7 and NEK10 on 3p and COX11 on 17q....

  3. Determination of diffusion, reflection and deexcitation coefficients of metastable excited Ne(3P2) atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, S.; Itoh, H.

    2016-05-01

    The diffusion coefficient of the metastable excited Ne(3P2) atom in neon, the reflection coefficient of Ne(3P2) at the surface of an electrode and the rate coefficient of Ne(3P2) for collisional quenching by Ne(1S0) were determined from the gas pressure dependence of the effective lifetime of Ne(3P2). The effective lifetime of Ne(3P2) was measured from the transient current after turning off the Ultraviolet (UV) light in a Townsend discharge. The observed transient current waveform was analysed by solving the diffusion equation for the metastable excited Ne(3P2) atom using the third kind of boundary condition. The rate coefficient of Ne(3P2) for collisional quenching by Ne(1S0) and the reflection coefficient were determined by a nonspectroscopic method for the first time in neon to the best of our knowledge and were (3.2  ±  0.4)  ×  10-16 cm3 s-1 and 0.10  ±  0.04, respectively. The obtained diffusion coefficient at 1 Torr was 177  ±  17 cm2 s-1, which is consistent with the value reported by Dixon and Grant. Moreover, the present results are compared with the results of Phelps and were found to be in good agreement. We also discuss the deexcitation rate of Ne(3P2) at pressures of up to 60 Torr in comparison with previously reported values.

  4. Misregulation of Scm3p/HJURP Causes Chromosome Instability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Human Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Prashant K. Mishra; Wei-Chun Au; John S. Choy; P Henning Kuich; Baker, Richard E.; Foltz, Daniel R.; Basrai, Munira A.

    2011-01-01

    The kinetochore (centromeric DNA and associated proteins) is a key determinant for high fidelity chromosome transmission. Evolutionarily conserved Scm3p is an essential component of centromeric chromatin and is required for assembly and function of kinetochores in humans, fission yeast, and budding yeast. Overexpression of HJURP, the mammalian homolog of budding yeast Scm3p, has been observed in lung and breast cancers and is associated with poor prognosis; however, the physiological relevanc...

  5. Cu3P/RGO Nanocomposite as a New Anode for Lithium-Ion Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shuling; He, Xiaodong; Zhu, Jianping; Xu, Liqiang; Tong, Jianbo

    2016-10-01

    Cu3P/reduced graphene oxide (Cu3P/RGO) nanocomposite was successfully synthesized by a facile one-pot method as an advanced anode material for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Cu3P nanostructures with a polyhedral shape with the mean diameter (80–100 nm) were homogeneously anchored on the surface of RGO. The flexible RGO sheets acted as elastic buffering layer which not only reduced the volume change, but also prevented the aggregation of Cu3P nanostructures, the cracking and crumbing of electrodes. On the other hand, the presence of Cu3P nanostructures could also avoid the agglomeration of RGO sheets and retain their highly active surface area. Therefore, as an advanced anode material for high-performance lithium-ion batteries, the as-prepared Cu3P/RGO exhibited high capacity of 756.15 mAhg‑1 at the current density 500 mAg‑1 after 80 cycles, superior cyclic stability and good rate capability.

  6. A new form of Ca{sub 3}P{sub 2} with a ring of Dirac nodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xie, Lilia S.; Schoop, Leslie M.; Seibel, Elizabeth M.; Gibson, Quinn D.; Xie, Weiwei; Cava, Robert J., E-mail: rcava@princeton.edu [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

    2015-08-01

    We report the synthesis and crystal structure of a new high-temperature form of Ca{sub 3}P{sub 2}. The crystal structure was determined through Rietveld refinements of synchrotron powder x-ray diffraction data. This form of Ca{sub 3}P{sub 2} has a crystal structure of the hexagonal Mn{sub 5}Si{sub 3} type, with a Ca ion deficiency compared to the ideal 5:3 stoichiometry. This yields a stable, charge-balanced compound of Ca{sup 2+} and P{sup 3−}. We also report the observation of a secondary hydride phase, Ca{sub 5}P{sub 3}H, which again is a charge-balanced compound. The calculated band structure of Ca{sub 3}P{sub 2} indicates that it is a three-dimensional Dirac semimetal with a highly unusual ring of Dirac nodes at the Fermi level. The Dirac states are protected against gap opening by a mirror plane in a manner analogous to what is seen for graphene.

  7. Isotopic and hydrologic responses of small, closed lakes to climate variability: Comparison of measured and modeled lake level and sediment core oxygen isotope records

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinman, Byron A.; Abbott, Mark B.; Nelson, Daniel B.; Stansell, Nathan D.; Finney, Bruce P.; Bain, Daniel J.; Rosenmeier, Michael F.

    2013-03-01

    Simulations conducted using a coupled lake-catchment isotope mass balance model forced with continuous precipitation, temperature, and relative humidity data successfully reproduce (within uncertainty limits) long-term (i.e., multidecadal) trends in reconstructed lake surface elevations and sediment core oxygen isotope (δ18O) values at Castor Lake and Scanlon Lake, north-central Washington. Error inherent in sediment core dating methods and uncertainty in climate data contribute to differences in model reconstructed and measured short-term (i.e., sub-decadal) sediment (i.e., endogenic and/or biogenic carbonate) δ18O values, suggesting that model isotopic performance over sub-decadal time periods cannot be successfully investigated without better constrained climate data and sediment core chronologies. Model reconstructions of past lake surface elevations are consistent with estimates obtained from aerial photography. Simulation results suggest that precipitation is the strongest control on lake isotopic and hydrologic dynamics, with secondary influence by temperature and relative humidity. This model validation exercise demonstrates that lake-catchment oxygen isotope mass balance models forced with instrumental climate data can reproduce lake hydrologic and isotopic variability over multidecadal (or longer) timescales, and therefore, that such models could potentially be used for quantitative investigations of paleo-lake responses to hydroclimatic change.

  8. Ba 4/ital d/ core-level spectroscopy in the YBa/sub 2/Cu/sub 3/O/sub 6. 9/ high-/ital T//sub /ital c// superconductor: Existence of a surface-shifted component

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, R.; Olson, C. G.; Yang, A.; Gu, C.; Lynch, D. W.; Arko, A. J.; List, R. S.; Bartlett, R. J.; Veal, B. W.; Liu, J. Z.; and others

    1989-08-01

    Two sets of spin-orbit split Ba 4/ital d/ core-level photoemission peaks were observed in a crystal of YBa/sub 2/Cu/sub 3/O/sub 6.9/. From constant final-state measurements taken as a function of kinetic energy, the low-binding-energy doublet is identified as a surface component. Possible origins of the surface shift are discussed.

  9. Core Java

    CERN Document Server

    Horstmann, Cay S

    2013-01-01

    Fully updated to reflect Java SE 7 language changes, Core Java™, Volume I—Fundamentals, Ninth Edition, is the definitive guide to the Java platform. Designed for serious programmers, this reliable, unbiased, no-nonsense tutorial illuminates key Java language and library features with thoroughly tested code examples. As in previous editions, all code is easy to understand, reflects modern best practices, and is specifically designed to help jumpstart your projects. Volume I quickly brings you up-to-speed on Java SE 7 core language enhancements, including the diamond operator, improved resource handling, and catching of multiple exceptions. All of the code examples have been updated to reflect these enhancements, and complete descriptions of new SE 7 features are integrated with insightful explanations of fundamental Java concepts.

  10. Relativistic frozen core potential scheme with relaxation of core electrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakajima, Yuya; Seino, Junji; Hayami, Masao; Nakai, Hiromi

    2016-10-01

    This letter proposes a relaxation scheme for core electrons based on the frozen core potential method at the infinite-order Douglas-Kroll-Hess level, called FCP-CR. The core electrons are self-consistently relaxed using frozen molecular valence potentials after the valence SCF calculation is performed. The efficiency of FCP-CR is confirmed by calculations of gold clusters. Furthermore, FCP-CR reproduces the results of the all-electron method for the energies of coinage metal dimers and the core ionization energies and core level shifts of vinyl acetate and three tungsten complexes at the Hartree-Fock and/or symmetry-adapted cluster configuration interaction levels.

  11. Microduplications of 3p26.3p26.2 containing CRBN gene in patients with intellectual disability and behavior abnormalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papuc, Sorina M; Hackmann, Karl; Andrieux, Joris; Vincent-Delorme, Catherine; Budişteanu, Magdalena; Arghir, Aurora; Schrock, Evelin; Ţuţulan-Cuniţă, Andreea C; Di Donato, Nataliya

    2015-05-01

    We report on the clinical data and molecular cytogenetic findings in three unrelated patients presenting with intellectual disability and behavior abnormalities. An overlapping microduplication involving 3p26.2-26.3 was identified in these patients. All three aberrations were confirmed and proven to be parentally inherited. The sizes of the duplications were different, with a common minimal region of 423,754 bp containing two genes - TRNT1 and CRBN. Here, we hypothesize that the copy number gain of CRBN gene might be responsible for developmental delay/intellectual disability.

  12. Study on core area strength training of college high level hoopsters%普通高校篮球运动员核心区力量训练的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张淑兰

    2011-01-01

    Using physiology, sports training, anatomy methods combined with basketball sports characteristics, the core area strength training of college hoopsters is studied. The action, signification and basic method of core area strength training are discussed, core area strength training process can improve the level of all function in athletes' body, and it benefits to athletics ability. It is references to coach in core area strength training arrangement.%运用生理学、运动训练学、解剖学等方法,结合篮球运动项目的专项特点,对高校高水平篮球运动员的核心区力量训练进行研究,并提出核心区力量训练在篮球专项体能训练中的作用、意义以及核心区力量训练的基本方法.通过核心区力量训练,可以有效提高运动员身体各项机能水平,对提高竞技能力有一定的促进作用,为教练员安排核心区力量训练提供相关的理论参考.

  13. miR-200a-3p promotes β-Amyloid-induced neuronal apoptosis through down-regulation of SIRT1 in Alzheimer’s disease

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    QI-SHUN ZHANG; WEI LIU; GUANG-XIU LU

    2017-09-01

    The aberrantly expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) including miR-200a-3p have been reported in the brains of Alzheimer’sdisease (AD) patients in recent researches. Nevertheless, the role of miR-200a-3p in AD has not been characterized. Thepurpose of this study was to examine whether miR-200a-3p regulated b-Ameyloid (Ab)-induced neuronal apoptosis bytargeting SIRT1, a known anti-apoptotic protein. An increased level of miR-200a-3p and a decreased level of SIRT1 in thehippocampus of APPswe/PSDE9 mice (a model for AD) were observed. To construct an in vitro cell model of AD, PC12cells were cultured in presence of Ab25-35. The results of flow cytometry analysis showed that the apoptosis rate andcleaved-caspase-3 expression in PC12 cells exposed to Ab25-35 were remarkably increased, but the apoptosis rate andcleaved-caspase-3 activity were decreased when cells were transfected with anti-miR-200a-3p. On the other hand, MTTassay showed that the cell survival rate was increased in the Ab25-35 ? anti-miR-200a-3p group compared with the Ab25-35 ? anti-miR-NC group. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay validated the predicted miR-200a-3p binding sites in the 30-UTR of SIRT1 mRNA. In addition, downregulation of SIRT1 promoted Ab25-35-induced neuronal apoptosis and cleavedcaspase-3 level in PC12 cells, whereas anti-miR-200a-3p reversed these effects. Knockdown of SIRT1 decreased theinhibitory effect of Ab25-35 on cell viability, while anti-miR-200a-3p attenuated this effect. Overall, the results suggest thatsuppression of miR-200a-3p attenuates Ab25-35-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells by targeting SIRT1. Thus, miR-200a-3pmay be a potential therapeutic target for treatment of AD.

  14. Cyclones in the Mediterranean region: present and future climate scenarios derived from a general circulation model (HadAM3P

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chr. Anagnostopoulou

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an attempt is made to assess and evaluate the skill of the Hadley Center atmospheric General Circulation Model (HadAM3P in generating successfully the frequency and intensity of severe cyclones (<1000 hPa in the Mediterranean region. The cyclonic occurrence is studied in three regions of enhanced cyclonic activity: Gulf of Genoa, Southern Italy and Cyprus. It was found that the HadAM3P predicts a future decrease of the frequency of the severe cyclones at the SLP level, but the future cyclones will be more intense (deeper, especially at the 500 hPa level.

  15. Doubly excited 2s2p 1,3p1 resonances in photoionization of helium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan Jian-Jie; Dong Chen-Zhong

    2009-01-01

    The multi-configuration Dirac-Fock (MCDF) method is implemented to study doubly excited 2s2p 1,3P1 resonances of the helium atom and the interference between photoionization and photoexcitation autoionization processes.In order to reproduce the total photoionization sprectra,the excited energies from the ground ls2 1 S0 state to the doubly excited 2s2p 1'3P1 states and the relevant Auger decay rates and widths are calculated in detail. Furthermore,the interference profile determined by the so-called Fano parameters q and p2 is also reproduced. Good agreement is found between the present results and other available theoretical and experimental results. This indeed shows a promising way to investigate the Fano resonances in photoionization of atoms within the MCDF scheme,although there are some discrepancies in the present calculations of the 2s2p 3P1 state.

  16. Experimental and theoretical study of 3p photoionization and subsequent Auger decay in atomic chromium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keskinen, J.; Huttula, S.-M.; Mäkinen, A.; Patanen, M.; Huttula, M.

    2015-12-01

    3p photoionization and subsequent low kinetic energy Coster-Kronig and super Coster-Kronig Auger decay have been studied in atomic chromium. The binding energies, line widths, and relative intensities for the transitions seen in the synchrotron radiation excited 3p photoelectron spectrum are determined. The high resolution M2,3 M4,5 M4,5 and M2,3 M4,5 N1 Auger electron spectra following the electron impact excited 3p ionization are presented and the kinetic energies, relative intensities, and identifications are given for the main lines. The experimental findings are compared with the theoretical predictions obtained from Hartree-Fock and multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock approaches.

  17. Domain architectures of the Scm3p protein provide insights into centromere function and evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Aravind, L.; Lakshminarayan, M. Iyer; Wu, Carl

    2007-01-01

    Recently, Scm3p has been shown to be a nonhistone component of centromeric chromatin that binds stoichiometrically to CenH3–H4 histones, and to be required for the assembly of kinetochores in S. cerevisiae. Scm3p is conserved across fungi, and displays a remarkable variation in protein size, ranging from ~200 amino acids in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to ~1300 amino acids in Neurospora crassa. This is primarily due a variable C-terminal segment that is linked to a conserved N-terminal, CenH3-int...

  18. Autism spectrum disorder, Klinefelter syndrome, and chromosome 3p21.31 duplication: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuart, Scott W; King, Casey H; Pai, G Shashidar

    2007-12-18

    Autism spectrum disorders are heterogeneous in nature with idiopathic and genetic origins. We present a 7-year-old boy with a long history of multiple behavioral concerns, poor school performance, repetitive/compulsive tendencies, poor social skills, and language delays. A multidisciplinary evaluation concluded that the patient met full criteria for autism. A genetic evaluation demonstrated Klinefelter syndrome 47, XXY karyotype with concurrent duplication of 3p21.31 by microarray analysis. Maternal genetic analysis demonstrated the same 3p21.31 duplication. The potential implication with regard to autism spectrum disorders has not been previously discussed in the literature.

  19. Hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) levels in the natural history of hepatitis B virus infection in a large European cohort predominantly infected with genotypes A and D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maasoumy, B; Wiegand, S B; Jaroszewicz, J; Bremer, B; Lehmann, P; Deterding, K; Taranta, A; Manns, M P; Wedemeyer, H; Glebe, D; Cornberg, M

    2015-06-01

    Hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) has been suggested as an additional marker of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. HBcrAg combines the antigenic reactivity resulting from denatured hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), HBV core antigen and an artificial core-related protein (p22cr). In Asian patients, high levels of HBcrAg have been suggested to be an independent risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma, while low levels could guide safe cessation of treatment with nucleos(t)ide analogues. We here studied HBcrAg levels in different phases of HBV infection in a large European cohort predominantly infected with genotypes A and D: HBeAg-positive immune tolerance (n = 30), HBeAg-positive immune clearance (IC) (n = 60), HBeAg-negative hepatitis (ENH) (n = 50), HBeAg-negative inactive/quiescent carrier phase (c) (n = 109) and acute hepatitis B (n = 8). Median HBcrAg levels were high in the immune tolerance and immune clearance phases (8.41 and 8.11 log U/mL, respectively), lower in ENH subjects (4.82 log U/mL) but only 2.00 log U/mL in ENQ subjects. Correlation between HBcrAg and HBV DNA varied among the different phases of HBV infection, while HBcrAg moderately correlated with hepatitis B surface antigen in all phases. ENQ patients had HBcrAg levels infection. HBcrAg may serve as valuable marker for virus replication and reflect the transcriptional activity of intrahepatic cccDNA. In HBeAg-negative patients, HBcrAg may help to distinguish between inactive carriers (ENQ) and those with active disease (ENH). Copyright © 2015 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Atomic-level Pd-Pt alloying and largely enhanced hydrogen-storage capacity in bimetallic nanoparticles reconstructed from core/shell structure by a process of hydrogen absorption/desorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kobayashi, Hirokazu; Yamauchi, Miho; Kitagawa, Hiroshi; Kubota, Yoshiki; Kato, Kenichi; Takata, Masaki

    2010-04-28

    We have achieved the creation of a solid-solution alloy where Pd and Pt are homogeneously mixed at the atomic level, by a process of hydrogen absorption/desorption as a trigger for core (Pd)/shell (Pt) nanoparticles. The structural change from core/shell to solid solution has been confirmed by in situ powder X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive spectra, solid-state (2)H NMR measurement, and hydrogen pressure-composition isotherms. The successfully obtained Pd-Pt solid-solution nanoparticles with a Pt content of 8-21 atom % had a higher hydrogen-storage capacity than Pd nanoparticles. Moreover, the hydrogen-storage capacity of Pd-Pt solid-solution nanoparticles can be tuned by changing the composition of Pd and Pt.

  1. Detection of circulating hcmv-miR-UL112-3p in patients with glioblastoma, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus and healthy controls.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul-Aleem Mohammad

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: microRNAs (miRNA are 18-22 nucleotides long non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at a post-transcriptional level. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV encodes at least 26 known mature miRNAs. hcmv-miR-UL112-3p (miR-UL112-3p is the most well characterized HCMV miRNA, which is suggested to play role in establishment and maintenance of viral latency. Elevated miR-UL112-3p levels have been reported to be present in plasma of patients with hypertension. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to quantify miR-UL112-3p levels in the plasma/serum of patients with Diabetes Mellitus (DM; from the DIGAMI-2 cohort, Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM, Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA and Healthy Controls (HC. STUDY DESIGN: Total RNA was isolated from plasma/serum samples of 87 patients and controls, a TaqMan miRNA assay was performed to detect miR-UL112-3p and the copy numbers were normalized to 10 ng of total RNA. HCMV IgG and IgM were analysed using ELISA. RESULTS: HCMV miR-UL112-3p was detected in 14/27 (52% of DM, 5/20 (25% of GBM, 1/20 (5% of RA patients and in 2/20 (10% of HC, respectively. Anti-HCMV IgG was detected in 85%, 65%, 75% of patients and 70% of HC, respectively. Anti-HCMV IgM was found only in one GBM patient of 87 examined patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: A higher prevalence of miR-UL112-3p was detected in DM and GBM patients than in RA patients and HC. Elevated levels of miR-UL112-3p and higher prevalence of HCMV IgG were observed in DM patients. Whether the presence of circulating miR-UL112-3p denotes a biomarker of HCMV latency or active replication in patients warrants further investigation.

  2. Establishment and application of a method for the detection of the core fucosylated IgG level%IgG核心岩藻糖基化水平检测方法的建立及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    衣常红; 王坤; 李慧; 高春芳

    2011-01-01

    To build up a method for the detection of the core fucosylated IgG level and to figure out the relationship between the core fucosylated level and aberrance of high IgG concentration in HBV-related liver cirrhosis, the core fucosylated serum protein was purified with specific core fucose binding lectin LCA agglutinin affinity column.and then the levels of the core fucosylated total protein (TP) and IgG of patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis were calculated and analyzed.It was found that the level of LCA binding IgG was higher in patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis in comparison with that of controls and chronic hepatitis B patients (P<0.05).This seemed to be a valuable alternative for the identification of HBV-related liver cirrhosis.The increased level of core fucosylated IgG may be attribute partially or totally to the attenuated function of IgG.This method of testing the core fucosylated IgG level is promising to be a noninvasive serum marker for the diagnosis and may be a potential therapeutic target for the immune regulation in liver cirrhosis.%为建立IgG核心岩藻糖基化水平检测方法,研究血清IgG核心岩藻糖基化水平与慢性乙肝(CHB)、肝硬化(LC)中IgG异常增高的关系.应用特异性结合核心岩藻糖的LCA凝集素亲和柱分离纯化血清中具有的核心岩藻糖基化蛋白,并对CHB、LC患者的血清总蛋白(TP)和免疫球蛋白G(IgG)的核心岩藻糖基化水平进行检测和对比分析.结果显示:LC患者IgG及其核心岩藻精基化水平较正常组和CHB组均升高且存在统计学差异(P<0.05),并对LC具有诊断提示作用.表明:IgG核心岩藻糖糖基化水平的增高可能是LC中IgG异常增高和IgG功能部分丧失的原因之一,有望成为一个新的无创性肝纤维化监测、诊断指标,也为可能的免疫调控干预提供了潜在的治疗靶点.

  3. miR-509-3p is clinically significant and strongly attenuates cellular migration and multi-cellular spheroids in ovarian cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Yinghong; Robertson, Gordon; Pedersen, Lykke; Lim, Emilia; Hernandez-Herrera, Anadulce; Rowat, Amy C; Patil, Sagar L; Chan, Clara K; Wen, Yunfei; Zhang, Xinna; Basu-Roy, Upal; Mansukhani, Alka; Chu, Andy; Sipahimalani, Payal; Bowlby, Reanne; Brooks, Denise; Thiessen, Nina; Coarfa, Cristian; Ma, Yussanne; Moore, Richard A; Schein, Jacquie E; Mungall, Andrew J; Liu, Jinsong; Pecot, Chad V; Sood, Anil K; Jones, Steven J M; Marra, Marco A; Gunaratne, Preethi H

    2016-05-03

    Ovarian cancer presents as an aggressive, advanced stage cancer with widespread metastases that depend primarily on multicellular spheroids in the peritoneal fluid. To identify new druggable pathways related to metastatic progression and spheroid formation, we integrated microRNA and mRNA sequencing data from 293 tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) ovarian cancer cohort. We identified miR-509-3p as a clinically significant microRNA that is more abundant in patients with favorable survival in both the TCGA cohort (P = 2.3E-3), and, by in situ hybridization (ISH), in an independent cohort of 157 tumors (P < 1.0E-3). We found that miR-509-3p attenuated migration and disrupted multi-cellular spheroids in HEYA8, OVCAR8, SKOV3, OVCAR3, OVCAR4 and OVCAR5 cell lines. Consistent with disrupted spheroid formation, in TCGA data miR-509-3p's most strongly anti-correlated predicted targets were enriched in components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). We validated the Hippo pathway effector YAP1 as a direct miR-509-3p target. We showed that siRNA to YAP1 replicated 90% of miR-509-3p-mediated migration attenuation in OVCAR8, which contained high levels of YAP1 protein, but not in the other cell lines, in which levels of this protein were moderate to low. Our data suggest that the miR-509-3p/YAP1 axis may be a new druggable target in cancers with high YAP1, and we propose that therapeutically targeting the miR-509-3p/YAP1/ECM axis may disrupt early steps in multi-cellular spheroid formation, and so inhibit metastasis in epithelial ovarian cancer and potentially in other cancers.

  4. Performance and advantages of a soft-core based parallel architecture for energy peak detection in the calorimeter Level 0 trigger for the NA62 experiment at CERN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ammendola, R.; Barbanera, M.; Bizzarri, M.; Bonaiuto, V.; Ceccucci, A.; Checcucci, B.; De Simone, N.; Fantechi, R.; Federici, L.; Fucci, A.; Lupi, M.; Paoluzzi, G.; Papi, A.; Piccini, M.; Ryjov, V.; Salamon, A.; Salina, G.; Sargeni, F.; Venditti, S.

    2017-03-01

    The NA62 experiment at CERN SPS has started its data-taking. Its aim is to measure the branching ratio of the ultra-rare decay K+ → π+ν ν̅ . In this context, rejecting the background is a crucial topic. One of the main background to the measurement is represented by the K+ → π+π0 decay. In the 1-8.5 mrad decay region this background is rejected by the calorimetric trigger processor (Cal-L0). In this work we present the performance of a soft-core based parallel architecture built on FPGAs for the energy peak reconstruction as an alternative to an implementation completely founded on VHDL language.

  5. MicroRNA-450a-3p represses cell proliferation and regulates embryo development by regulating Bub1 expression in mouse.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Luo

    Full Text Available Bub1 is a critical component of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC and closely linked to cell proliferation and differentiation. We previously found that spontaneous abortion embryos contained a low level of Bub1 protein but normal mRNA level, while the knockdown of Bub1 leads to abnormal numerical chromosomes in embryonic cells. Here, we investigated the mechanism through which governs the post-transcriptional regulation of Bub1 protein expression level. We first conducted bioinformatics analysis and identified eight putative miRNAs that may target Bub1. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-450a-3p can directly regulate Bub1 by binding to the 3'-untranslated region of Bub1 mRNA. We found that the overexpression of miR-450a-3p in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF cells down-regulated Bub1 protein level, repressed cell proliferation, increased apoptosis and restricted most cells in G1 phase of the cell cycle. Furthermore, when the fertilized eggs were microinjected with miR-450a-3p mimics, the cleavage of zygotes was effectively suppressed. Our results strongly suggest that an abnormally decreased Bub1 level regulated by miRNAs may be implicated in the pathogenesis of spontaneous miscarriage. Therefore, the blockade of miR-450a-3p may be explored as a novel therapeutic strategy for preventing spontaneous miscarriages.

  6. The infinite order point on Y~2=X~3-p~3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张绍伟

    1995-01-01

    The parameterization of the elliptic curve Y2=X2+1 is given by using the modular forms of X(12) Then using class field theory over imaginary quadratic field and Shimura reciprocity, an infinite order point on the curve y2- = x3-p3 is constructed, for prime p=7 (mod 24).

  7. Using P3P in a web services-based context-aware application platform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zuidweg, M.; Halasz, E.; Goncalves Filho, J.; Lukovszki, C.; Marosits, T.; van Sinderen, Marten J.

    This paper describes a proposal for a privacy control architecture to be applied in the WASP project. The WASP project aims to develop a context-aware service platform on top of 3G networks, using web services technology. The proposed privacy control architecture is based on the P3P privacy policy

  8. MicroRNA-142-3p Negatively Regulates Canonical Wnt Signaling Pathway.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanyu Hu

    Full Text Available Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays essential roles in mammalian development and tissue homeostasis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs are a class of regulators involved in modulating this pathway. In this study, we screened miRNAs regulating Wnt/β-catenin signaling by using a TopFlash based luciferase reporter. Surprisingly, we found that miR-142 inhibited Wnt/β-catenin signaling, which was inconsistent with a recent study showing that miR-142-3p targeted Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC to upregulate Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Due to the discordance, we elaborated experiments by using extensive mutagenesis, which demonstrated that the stem-loop structure was important for miR-142 to efficiently suppress Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Moreover, the inhibitory effect of miR-142 relies on miR-142-3p rather than miR-142-5p. Further, we found that miR-142-3p directly modulated translation of Ctnnb1 mRNA (encoding β-catenin through binding to its 3' untranslated region (3' UTR. Finally, miR-142 was able to repress cell cycle progression by inhibiting active Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Thus, our findings highlight the inhibitory role of miR-142-3p in Wnt/β-catenin signaling, which help to understand the complex regulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

  9. Linkage of atopic dermatitis to chromosomes 4q22, 3p24 and 3q21

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Ulla; Møller-Larsen, Steffen; Nyegaard, Mette

    2009-01-01

    Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, itchy skin disease of complex inheritance characterized by dermal and epidermal inflammation. The heritability is considerable and well documented. To date, four genome scans have examined the AD phenotype, showing replicated linkage at 3p26-22, 3q13-21 and 18q11...

  10. Baryonic {sup 3}P{sub 2} superfluidity under charged-pion condensation with {delta} isobar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takatsuka, T.; Tamagaki, R. [Iwate Univ., Morioka, Iwate (Japan)

    1999-08-01

    We study the baryonic {sup 3}P{sup 2} superfluidity under charged-pion condensation with isobar ({delta}) degrees of freedom. After a remark on motivations of the present study, the outline of theoretical framework is briefly described, typical results of the superfluid critical temperature are shown, and the possibility of coexistence of the superfluid with charged-pion condensation is discussed. (author)

  11. Construction of a consistent YAC contig for human chromosome region 3p14.1

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bardenheuer, W; Michaelis, S; Lux, A; Vieten, L; Brocker, F; Julicher, K; Willers, C; Siebert, R; Smith, DI; vanderHout, AH; Buys, C; Schutte, J; Opalka, B

    1996-01-01

    Chromosomal deletions and translocations of human chromosome region 3p14 are observed in various human malignancies and suggest the existence of a tumor suppressor gene locus within this region. Tumors most frequently affected by these aberrations are small-cell lung cancer and renal-cell carcinoma.

  12. Using P3P in a web services-based context-aware application platform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zuidweg, M.; Goncalves Filho, J.; Sinderen, van M.J.; Halasz, E.; Lukovszki, C.; Marosits, T.

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes a proposal for a privacy control architecture to be applied in the WASP project. The WASP project aims to develop a context-aware service platform on top of 3G networks, using web services technology. The proposed privacy control architecture is based on the P3P privacy policy d

  13. miR-141-3p inhibits human stromal (mesenchymal) stem cell proliferation and differentiation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Qiu, Weimin; Kassem, Moustapha

    2014-01-01

    Wnt signaling determines human stromal (mesenchymal) stem cell (hMSC) differentiation fate into the osteoblast or adipocyte lineage. microRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNA molecules of 21-25 nucleotides that regulate many aspects of osteoblast biology. Thus, we examined miRNAs regulated by Wnt signaling...... in hMSC. We identified miRNA (miR)-141-3p as a Wnt target which in turn inhibited Wnt signaling. Moreover, miR-141-3p inhibited hMSC proliferation by arresting cells at the G1 phase of the cell cycle. miR-141-3p inhibited osteoblast differentiation of hMSC as evidenced by reduced alkaline phosphatase...... activity, gene expression and in vitro mineralized matrix formation. Bioinformatic studies, Western blot analysis and 3'UTR reporter assay demonstrated that cell division cycle 25A (CDC25A) is a direct target of miR-141-3p. siRNA-mediated knock-down of CDC25A inhibited hMSC proliferation and osteoblast...

  14. Reactions of N+ (3P) ions with H2 and HD molecules at low temperatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grozdanov, Tasko P.; McCarroll, Ronald; Roueff, Evelyne

    2016-05-01

    formation of ND+. The calculated value is consistent with the available experimental data. Conclusions: The present results allow for the determination of reaction rate coefficients for any given distribution of specific fine structure and rotational state populations of the reactants. In interstellar conditions, where N+ is in its 3P0 state and para- and ortho-H2 respectively in J = 0 and J = 1. Our results enable a study of the influence of the ortho/para evolution of molecular hydrogen on the formation of nitrogen compounds.

  15. Human Cytomegalovirus miR-UL112-3p Targets TLR2 and Modulates the TLR2/IRAK1/NFκB Signaling Pathway.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Landais

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV encodes multiple microRNAs (miRNAs whose functions are just beginning to be uncovered. Using in silico approaches, we identified the Toll-Like Receptor (TLR innate immunity pathway as a possible target of HCMV miRNAs. Luciferase reporter assay screens further identified TLR2 as a target of HCMV miR-UL112-3p. TLR2 plays a major role in innate immune response by detecting both bacterial and viral ligands, including HCMV envelope proteins gB and gH. TLR2 activates a variety of signal transduction routes including the NFκB pathway. Furthermore, TLR2 plays an important role in controlling CMV infection both in humans and in mice. Immunoblot analysis of cells transfected with a miR-UL112-3p mimic revealed that endogenous TLR2 is down-regulated by miR-UL112-3p with similar efficiency as a TLR2-targeting siRNA (siTLR2. We next found that TLR2 protein level decreases at late times during HCMV infection and correlates with miR-UL112-3p accumulation in fibroblasts and monocytic THP1 cells. Confirming direct miR-UL112-3p targeting, down-regulation of endogenous TLR2 was not observed in cells infected with HCMV mutants deficient in miR-UL112-3p expression, but transfection of miR-UL112-3p in these cells restored TLR2 down-regulation. Using a NFκB reporter cell line, we found that miR-UL112-3p transfection significantly inhibited NFκB-dependent luciferase activity with similar efficiency as siTLR2. Consistent with this observation, miR-UL112-3p transfection significantly reduced the expression of multiple cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8 upon stimulation with a TLR2 agonist. Finally, miR-UL112-3p transfection significantly inhibited the TLR2-induced post-translational activation of IRAK1, a kinase located in the upstream section of the TLR2/NFκB signaling axis. To our knowledge, this is the first identified mechanism of TLR2 modulation by HCMV and is the first report of functional targeting of TLR2 by a viral miRNA. These

  16. Altered Expressions of miR-1238-3p, miR-494, miR-6069, and miR-139-3p in the Formation of Chronic Brucellosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budak, Ferah; Bal, Salih Haldun; Tezcan, Gulcin; Akalın, Halis; Goral, Guher

    2016-01-01

    Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that is still endemic in developing countries. Despite early diagnosis and treatment of patients, chronic infections are seen in 10–30% of patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate the immunological factors that play roles in the transition of brucellosis from acute infection into chronic infection. Here, more than 2000 miRNAs were screened in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with acute or chronic brucellosis and healthy controls by using miRNA array, and the results of the miRNA array were validated through qRT-PCR. Findings were evaluated using GeneSpring GX (Agilent) 13.0 software and KEGG pathway analysis. Four miRNAs were expressed in the chronic group but were not expressed in acute and control groups. Among these miRNAs, the expression level of miR-1238-3p was increased while miR-494, miR-6069, and miR-139-3p were decreased (p 2). These miRNAs have the potential to be markers for chronic cases. The differentially expressed miRNAs and their predicted target genes involved in endocytosis, regulation of actin cytoskeleton, MAPK signaling pathway, and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction and its chemokine signaling pathway indicate their potential roles in chronic brucellosis and its progression. It is the first study of miRNA expression analysis of human PBMC to clarify the mechanism of inveteracy in brucellosis. PMID:27722176

  17. Altered Expressions of miR-1238-3p, miR-494, miR-6069, and miR-139-3p in the Formation of Chronic Brucellosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budak, Ferah; Bal, Salih Haldun; Tezcan, Gulcin; Akalın, Halis; Goral, Guher; Oral, Haluk Barbaros

    2016-01-01

    Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that is still endemic in developing countries. Despite early diagnosis and treatment of patients, chronic infections are seen in 10-30% of patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate the immunological factors that play roles in the transition of brucellosis from acute infection into chronic infection. Here, more than 2000 miRNAs were screened in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with acute or chronic brucellosis and healthy controls by using miRNA array, and the results of the miRNA array were validated through qRT-PCR. Findings were evaluated using GeneSpring GX (Agilent) 13.0 software and KEGG pathway analysis. Four miRNAs were expressed in the chronic group but were not expressed in acute and control groups. Among these miRNAs, the expression level of miR-1238-3p was increased while miR-494, miR-6069, and miR-139-3p were decreased (p 2). These miRNAs have the potential to be markers for chronic cases. The differentially expressed miRNAs and their predicted target genes involved in endocytosis, regulation of actin cytoskeleton, MAPK signaling pathway, and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction and its chemokine signaling pathway indicate their potential roles in chronic brucellosis and its progression. It is the first study of miRNA expression analysis of human PBMC to clarify the mechanism of inveteracy in brucellosis.

  18. ELECTRONIC CORRELATIONS IN NI 2P AND 3P MAGNETIC-X-RAY DICHROISM AND X-RAY PHOTOEMISSION OF FERROMAGNETIC NICKEL

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANDERLAAN, G; THOLE, BT

    1992-01-01

    The magnetic x-ray dichroism (MXD) in x-ray absorption together with the photoemission of the Ni 2p and 3p levels in ferromagnetic nickel have been analysed using an Anderson impurity model taking into account multiplet splitting. Good agreement with experimental results was obtained for a ground

  19. Promoting marketing management level to the development assistance for the core of grid enterprises%提升营销管理水平的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗伦国

    2011-01-01

    New power marketing method to meet the market needs should be established, taking natural resources as premise, based on demand forecasting management, for the purpose of quality services, centered in meet user needs and guide the consumer. Grid enterprises is always ready to offer quality and cheap cleaner energy, is adapted to commercializes operation and legalized management, have layered efficient operating and full - featured, which is the fierce urgency of its core business--the marketing management work.%建立适应市场需要的新型电力营销理念,以可持续发展为前提,以需求预测管理为基础,以用户需求为导向,以优质服务为宗旨,以满足用户需求、引导用户消费为中心,随时随地为用户提供质优、价廉的清洁能源,适应商业化运营、法制化管理,分层高效运作,功能齐备,是电网企业核心业务---营销管理工作的当前之急。

  20. Photoelectric characteristics of CH3NH3PbI3/p-Si heterojunction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamei, Wu; Ruixia, Yang; Hanmin, Tian; Shuai, Chen

    2016-05-01

    Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite CH3NH3PbI3 film is prepared on p-type silicon substrate using the one-step solution method to form a CH3NH3PbI3/p-Si heterojunction. The film morphology and structure are characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The photoelectric properties of the CH3NH3PbI3/p-Si heterojunction are studied by testing the current-voltage (I-V) with and without illumination and capacitance-voltage (C-V) characteristics. It turns out from the I-V curve without illumination that the CH3NH3PbI3/p-Si heterojunction has a rectifier feature with the rectification ratio over 70 at the bias of ±5 V. Also, there appears a photoelectric conversion phenomenon on this heterojunction with a short circuit current (Isc) of 0.16 μA and an open circuit voltage (Voc) of about 10 mV The high frequency C-V characteristic of the Ag/CH3NH3PbI3/p-Si heterojunction turns out to be similar to that of the metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) structure, and a parallel translation of the C-V curve along the forward voltage axis is found. This parallel translation means the existence of defects at the CH3NH3PbI3/p-Si interface and positive fixed charges in the CH3NH3PbI3 layer. The defects at the interface of the CH3NH3PbI3/p-Si heterojunction result in the dramatic decline of the Voc. Besides, the C-V test of CH3NH3PbI3 film shows a non-linear dielectric property and the dielectric value is about 4.64 as calculated. Project supported by the Hebei Province Natural Science Foundation of China (No. F2014202184) and the Tianjin Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 15JCZDJC37800).

  1. Toward a model for assessing level of personality functioning in DSM-5, part II: empirical articulation of a core dimension of personality pathology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Morey, L.C.; Berghuis, H.; Bender, D.S.; Verheul, R.; Krueger, R.F.; Skodol, A.E.

    2011-01-01

    The extensive comorbidity among Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed. [DSM-IV]; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) personality disorders might be compelling evidence of essential commonalities among these disorders reflective of a general level of personality

  2. Mitochondria-related miR-141-3p contributes to mitochondrial dysfunction in HFD-induced obesity by inhibiting PTEN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Juan; Qin, Yufeng; Ren, Jing; Lu, Chuncheng; Wang, Rong; Dai, Xiuliang; Zhou, Ran; Huang, Zhenyao; Xu, Miaofei; Chen, Minjian; Wu, Wei; Song, Ling; Shen, Hongbing; Hu, Zhibin; Miao, Dengshun; Xia, Yankai; Wang, Xinru

    2015-11-09

    Mitochondria-related microRNAs (miRNAs) have recently emerged as key regulators of cell metabolism and can modulate mitochondrial fusion and division. In order to investigate the roles of mitochondria-related miRNAs played in obesity, we conducted comprehensive molecular analysis in vitro and in vivo. Based on high-fat-diet (HFD) induced obese mice, we found that hepatic mitochondrial function was markedly altered. Subsequently, we evaluated the expression levels of selected mitochondria-related miRNAs and found that miR-141-3p was up-regulated strikingly in HFD mice. To further verify the role of miR-141-3p in obesity, we carried out gain-and-loss-of-function study in human HepG2 cells. We found that miR-141-3p could modulate ATP production and induce oxidative stress. Through luciferase report gene assay, we identified that phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) was a target of miR-141-3p. Inhibiting PTEN could alter the mitochondrial function, too. Our study suggested that mitochondria-related miR-141-3p induced mitochondrial dysfunction by inhibiting PTEN.

  3. Mechanism and kinetics for the reaction of O(3P) with DMSO: A theoretical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandal, Debasish; Bagchi, Sabyasachi; Das, Abhijit K.

    2012-11-01

    Mechanism and kinetics for the reaction of DMSO with O(3P) have been investigated by M06-2X/MG3S, CBS-QB3 and G4MP2 methods. Four possible reaction pathways are identified. Among them, the O(3P) addition to S-atom followed by CH3 elimination is almost exclusive. Four pre-reactive complexes have been located. AIM theory is used to determine the nature of interactions in these complexes. Considering the formation of pre-reactive complex, the rate constant for major pathway is calculated using transition state theory applied to a two-step mechanism. Enthalpies of formation at 298.15 K (ΔfH°298.15) have been calculated using the composite CBS-QB3, G4MP2 and G3B3 methods.

  4. Verifier-based Password Authenticated 3P-EKE Protocol using PCLA keys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Archana Raghuvamshi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper endeavors to present a novel framework for the generic structure of a verifier-based password authenticated Three-Party Encrypted Key Exchange (3P-EKE protocol which yields more efficient protocol than the ones knew before. A previous framework presented by Archana and Premchand is more secured against all types of attacks like password guessing, replay, pre-play, man-in-the-middle attack etc. But unfortunately, this protocol does not solve the problem of a server compromise. These proofs help as inspiration to search for another framework. The framework we offer produces more efficient 3P-EKE protocol, and, in addition, delivers perceptive clarification about the existing attacks that do not solve in the previous framework. Moreover, it allows direct change from a class of verge private-key encryption to a hybrid (symmetric & Asymmetric one without significant overhead.

  5. Multi-reassortant G3P[3] group A rotavirus in a horseshoe bat in Zambia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Michihito; Orba, Yasuko; Sasaki, Satoko; Gonzalez, Gabriel; Ishii, Akihiro; Hang'ombe, Bernard M; Mweene, Aaron S; Ito, Kimihito; Sawa, Hirofumi

    2016-10-01

    Group A rotavirus is a major cause of diarrhoea in humans, especially in young children. Bats also harbour group A rotaviruses, but the genetic backgrounds of bat rotavirus strains are usually distinct from those of human rotavirus strains. We identified a new strain of group A rotavirus in the intestinal contents of a horseshoe bat in Zambia. Whole genome sequencing revealed that the identified virus, named RVA/Bat-wt/ZMB/LUS12-14/2012/G3P[3], possessed the genotype constellation G3-P[3]-I3-R2-C2-M3-A9-N2-T3-E2-H3. Several genome segments of LUS12-14 were highly similar to those of group A rotaviruses identified from humans, cows and antelopes, indicating interspecies transmission of rotaviruses between bats and other mammals with possible multiple genomic reassortment events.

  6. Yeast Agp2p and Agp3p function as amino acid permeases in poor nutrient conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schreve, James L; Garrett, Jinnie M

    2004-01-16

    The gene AGP2 and the ORF YFL055w (here named AGP3) are classified as members of the yeast amino acid permease gene family. Analysis of the growth of multiply-mutant strains in which these genes are disrupted shows that both encode permeases capable of supplying branched chain, and other, amino acids as nitrogen source. Both Agp2p and Agp3p are low affinity permeases for leucine (Kmapp 0.2-0.5 mM) and are expressed at lower levels than other permeases on all media tested. Thus, it appears that these two permeases can function as low affinity, relatively non-specific, permeases with redundant functions in the cell. Transcription of AGP2 and AGP3 is very low but is increased in cells lacking other functional general amino acid permeases (Gap1p or Agp1p). These results suggest Agp2p and Agp3p function in amino acid transport when nitrogen sources are limiting and/or other permeases are inactive.

  7. The Participative Design of an Endoscopy Facility using Lean 3P.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Iain

    2016-01-01

    In the UK, bowel cancer is the second largest cancer killer. Diagnosing people earlier can save lives but demand for endoscopies is increasing and this can put pressure on waiting times. To address this challenge, an endoscopy unit in North East England decided to improve their facilities to increase capacity and create environments that improve the experience of users. This presented a significant opportunity for step change improvement but also a problem in terms of creating designs that meet user requirements whilst addressing structural or space constraints. The Lean design process known as '3P' (standing for the production preparation process) was utilised as a participative design strategy to engage stakeholders in the design of the new department. This involved a time-out workshop (or 3P event) in which Lean and participative design tools were utilised to create an innovative design based on 'point of delivery' (POD) principles. The team created a design that demonstrated an increase in treatment room capacity by 25% and bed capacity by 70% whilst reducing travel distance for patients by 25.8% and staff by 27.1%. This was achieved with an increase in available space of only 13%. The Lean 3P method provided a structured approach for corporate and clinical staff to work together with patient representatives as cross-functional teams. This participative approach facilitated communication and learning between stakeholders about care processes and personal preferences. Lean 3P therefore appears to be a promising approach to improving the healthcare facilities design process to meet user requirements.

  8. Temperature dependence and mechanism of the reaction between O(3P) and chlorine dioxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colussi, A. J.; Sander, S. P.; Fiedl, R. R.

    1992-01-01

    Second-order rate constants for the decay of O(3P) in excess chlorine dioxide, k(II), were measured as a function of total pressure (20-600 Torr argon) and temperature (248-312 K), using flash photolysis-atomic resonance fluorescence. Results indicate that k(II) is pressure dependent with a value, K(b), that is nonzero at zero pressure, and both the third-order rate constant and k(b) have negative temperature dependences.

  9. LiNbO3/p+n diode surface acoustic wave memory correlator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张朝; 水永安; 印建华

    1997-01-01

    A detailed theoretical analysis of strip-coupled LiNbO3/p+ n diode surface acoustic wave (SAW) memory correlator in the parametric mode is presented. The influence of some important factors on correlation output is analyzed and calculated, including the amplitudes of reference, read and write signal, duration of write signal and doping density of the diode array. The conclusions can be employed for the design of improved strip-coupled SAW memorycorrelators.

  10. High-energy single diffractive dissociation of nucleons and the 3P-model applicability range

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godizov, A.A., E-mail: anton.godizov@gmail.com

    2016-11-15

    The adequacy of the triple-Pomeron interaction approximation (the 3P-model) for description of the high-energy single diffractive dissociation of nucleons is analyzed via application to the available experimental data on nucleon–nucleon scattering, including the recent results produced by CMS Collaboration which allow to estimate reliably the triple-Pomeron coupling value. It is argued that the total contribution of secondary Reggeon exchanges is not negligible up to the Tevatron energy.

  11. Fracture toughness of Al-4%Mg/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}p composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pestes, R.H. [Hewlett-Packard, Camus, WA 98607 (United States); Kamat, S.V. [Mechanical and Materials Engineering Department, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2920 (United States); Hirth, J.P. [Mechanical and Materials Engineering Department, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2920 (United States)

    1994-12-20

    Fracture toughness tests were carried out on Al-4%Mg/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}p composites containing different sizes and volume fractions of alumina particulates. The results indicated that the fracture toughness was dependent on the interparticle spacing provided the particulate size was below a critical size. The critical particle size corresponds to the situation wherein the energy release rate on particulate cracking is sufficient to trigger dynamic unstable crack extension. ((orig.))

  12. Configuration interaction calculations of positron binding to Be({sup 3}P )

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bromley, M.W.J. [Department of Physics, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 (United States)]. E-mail: mbromley@physics.sdsu.edu; Mitroy, J. [Faculty of Technology, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, NT 0909 (Australia)]. E-mail: jxm107@rsphysse.anu.edu.au

    2006-06-15

    The configuration interaction method is applied to investigate the possibility of positron binding to the metastable beryllium (1s{sup 2}2s2p {sup 3}P ) state. The largest calculation obtained an estimated energy that was unstable by 0.00014 Hartree with respect to the Ps + Be{sup +}(2s) lowest dissociation channel. It is likely that positron binding to parent states with non-zero angular momentum is inhibited by centrifugal barriers.

  13. $^3P_2$-$^3F_2$ Pairing in Dense Neutron Matter The Spectrum of Solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Zverev, M V; Khodel, V A

    2003-01-01

    The $^3P_2$-$^3F_2$ pairing model is generally considered to provide an adequate description of the superfluid states of neutron matter at densities some 2-3 times that of saturated symmetrical nuclear matter. The problem of solving the system of BCS gap equations expressing the $^3P_2$-$^3F_2$ model is attacked with the aid of the separation approach. This method, developed originally for quantitative study of S-wave pairing in the presence of strong short-range repulsions, serves effectively to reduce the coupled, singular, nonlinear BCS integral equations to a set of coupled algebraic equations. For the first time, sufficient precision becomes accessible to resolve small energy splittings between the different pairing states. Adopting a perturbative strategy, we are able to identify and characterize the full repertoire of real solutions of the $^3P_2$-$^3F_2$ pairing model, in the limiting regime of small tensor-coupling strength. The P-F channel coupling is seen to lift the striking parametric degeneracie...

  14. miR-142-3p prevents macrophage differentiation during cancer-induced myelopoiesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonda, Nada; Simonato, Francesca; Peranzoni, Elisa; Calì, Bianca; Bortoluzzi, Stefania; Bisognin, Andrea; Wang, Ena; Marincola, Francesco M; Naldini, Luigi; Gentner, Bernhard; Trautwein, Christian; Sackett, Sara Dutton; Zanovello, Paola; Molon, Barbara; Bronte, Vincenzo

    2013-06-27

    Tumor progression is accompanied by an altered myelopoiesis causing the accumulation of immunosuppressive cells. Here, we showed that miR-142-3p downregulation promoted macrophage differentiation and determined the acquisition of their immunosuppressive function in tumor. Tumor-released cytokines signaling through gp130, the common subunit of the interleukin-6 cytokine receptor family, induced the LAP∗ isoform of C/EBPβ transcription factor, promoting macrophage generation. miR-142-3p downregulated gp130 by canonical binding to its messenger RNA (mRNA) 3' UTR and repressed C/EBPβ LAP∗ by noncanonical binding to its 5' mRNA coding sequence. Enforced miR expression impaired macrophage differentiation both in vitro and in vivo. Mice constitutively expressing miR-142-3p in the bone marrow showed a marked increase in survival following immunotherapy with tumor-specific T lymphocytes. By modulating a specific miR in bone marrow precursors, we thus demonstrated the feasibility of altering tumor-induced macrophage differentiation as a potent tool to improve the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy.

  15. Study of the Ne(^3P_2) + CH_3F Electron Transfer Reaction below 1 Kelvin

    CERN Document Server

    Jankunas, Justin; Osterwalder, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    Relatively little is known about the dynamics of electron transfer reactions at low collision energy. We present a study of Penning ionization of ground state methyl fluoride molecules by electronically excited neon atoms in the 13 $\\mu$eV--4.8 meV (150 mK--56 K) collision energy range, using a neutral-neutral merged beam setup. Relative cross sections have been measured for three Ne($^3P_2$)+ CH$_3$F reaction channels by counting the number of CH$_3$F$^+$, CH$_2$F$^+$, and CH$_3^+$ product ions, as a function of relative velocity between the neon and methyl fluoride molecular beams. Experimental cross sections markedly deviate from the Langevin capture model at collision energies above 20 K. The branching ratios are constant. In other words, the chemical shape of the CH$_3$F molecule, as seen by Ne($^3P_2$) atom, appears not to change as the collision energy is varied, in contrast to related Ne($^3P_J$) + CH$_3$X (X=Cl and Br) reactions at higher collision energies.

  16. miR-144-3p, a tumor suppressive microRNA targeting ETS-1 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Si-Yi; Lu, Zhong-Ming; Lin, Ye-Feng; Chen, Liang-Si; Luo, Xiao-Ning; Song, Xin-Han; Chen, Shao-Hua; Wu, Yi-Long

    2016-03-08

    Regional lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis are critical in the prognosis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). This study investigated the roles of miR-144-3p and E26 transformation specific-1 (ETS-1) in the invasion and migration of LSCC cells. The effects of miR-144-3p and ETS-1 on FaDu and Hep2 cell growth, migration and invasion were determined. Suppression of ETS-1 by miR-144-3p was confirmed using luciferase assays; the effects of ETS-1 silencing were determined using a xenograft tumor model. The expression of ETS-1 was analyzed in 71 paraffin-embedded tissue biopsies and eight fresh frozen biopsies obtained from LSCC patients. miR-144-3p inhibited the growth, invasion and migration of FaDu and Hep2 cells in part through suppression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition as determined by increased E-cadherin and α-catenin and reduced fibronectin and vimentin expression. Additionally, ETS-1 is a molecular target of miR-144-3p, and silencing ETS-1 expression inhibited FaDu and Hep2 cell invasion and migration as well as reduced Hep2 xenograft tumor volume. In LSCC, the expression of ETS-1 is upregulated with disease progression, and higher ETS-1 expression, which was negatively associated with miR-144-3p levels, adversely corresponded with prognoses. Thus, upregulated ETS-1 levels may promote LSCC metastasis, resulting in poor patient prognosis.

  17. miR-509-3p is clinically significant and strongly attenuates cellular migration and multi-cellular spheroids in ovarian cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedersen, Lykke; Lim, Emilia; Hernandez-Herrera, Anadulce; Rowat, Amy C.; Patil, Sagar L.; Chan, Clara K.; Wen, Yunfei; Zhang, Xinna; Basu-Roy, Upal; Mansukhani, Alka; Chu, Andy; Sipahimalani, Payal; Bowlby, Reanne; Brooks, Denise; Thiessen, Nina; Coarfa, Cristian; Ma, Yussanne; Moore, Richard A.; Schein, Jacquie E.; Mungall, Andrew J.; Liu, Jinsong; Pecot, Chad V.; Sood, Anil K.; Jones, Steven J.M.; Marra, Marco A.; Gunaratne, Preethi H.

    2016-01-01

    Ovarian cancer presents as an aggressive, advanced stage cancer with widespread metastases that depend primarily on multicellular spheroids in the peritoneal fluid. To identify new druggable pathways related to metastatic progression and spheroid formation, we integrated microRNA and mRNA sequencing data from 293 tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) ovarian cancer cohort. We identified miR-509-3p as a clinically significant microRNA that is more abundant in patients with favorable survival in both the TCGA cohort (P = 2.3E–3), and, by in situ hybridization (ISH), in an independent cohort of 157 tumors (P migration and disrupted multi-cellular spheroids in HEYA8, OVCAR8, SKOV3, OVCAR3, OVCAR4 and OVCAR5 cell lines. Consistent with disrupted spheroid formation, in TCGA data miR-509-3p's most strongly anti-correlated predicted targets were enriched in components of the extracellular matrix (ECM). We validated the Hippo pathway effector YAP1 as a direct miR-509-3p target. We showed that siRNA to YAP1 replicated 90% of miR-509-3p-mediated migration attenuation in OVCAR8, which contained high levels of YAP1 protein, but not in the other cell lines, in which levels of this protein were moderate to low. Our data suggest that the miR-509-3p/YAP1 axis may be a new druggable target in cancers with high YAP1, and we propose that therapeutically targeting the miR-509-3p/YAP1/ECM axis may disrupt early steps in multi-cellular spheroid formation, and so inhibit metastasis in epithelial ovarian cancer and potentially in other cancers. PMID:27036018

  18. Lnc-ATB contributes to gastric cancer growth through a MiR-141-3p/TGFβ2 feedback loop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Kecheng; Liang, Xin; Gao, Yuwei; Xu, Baixue; Xu, Yichun; Li, Yueqi; Tao, Yiwen; Shi, Weibin; Liu, Jianwen

    2017-03-11

    The long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) ATB is an important regulator in human tumors. Here, we aimed to investigate the potential molecular mechanisms of lnc-ATB in gastric cancer (GC) tumorigenesis. RT-qPCR analysis was used to detect lnc-ATB expression level in 20 pairs of gastric cancer tissues and adjacent normal gastric mucosa tissues (ANTs). Moreover, the biological role of lnc-ATB was determined in vitro. We found that lnc-ATB was significantly upregulated in GC tissues compared to lnc-ATB expression in ANTs. These high lnc-ATB expression levels predicted poor prognosis in GC patients. Low levels of lnc-ATB inhibited GC cell proliferation and cell cycle arrest in vitro. Lnc-ATB was found to directly bind miR-141-3p. Moreover, TGF-β actives lnc-ATB and TGF-β2 directly binds mir-141-3p. Finally, we demonstrated that lnc-ATB fulfilled its oncogenic roles in a ceRNA-mediated manner. Our study suggests that lnc-ATB promotes tumor progression by interacting with miR-141-3p and that Lnc-ATB may be a valuable prognostic predictor for GC. In conclusion, the positive feedback loop of lnc-ATB/miR-141-3p/TGF-β2 may be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of GC.

  19. MicroRNA 142-3p mediates post-transcriptional regulation of D1 dopamine receptor expression.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishna E Tobón

    Full Text Available The D1 dopamine receptor subtype is expressed in the brain, kidney and lymphocytes. D1 receptor function has been extensively studied and the receptor has been shown to modulate a wide range of physiological functions and behaviors. The expression of D1 receptor is known to change during development, disease states and chronic treatment; however, the molecular mechanisms that mediate the changes in D1 receptor expression under these circumstances are not well understood. While previous studies have identified extracellular factors and signaling mechanisms regulating the transcription of D1 receptor gene, very little is known about other regulatory mechanisms that modulate the expression of the D1 receptor gene. Here we report that the D1 receptor is post-transcriptionally regulated during postnatal mouse brain development and in the mouse CAD catecholaminergic neuronal cell line. We demonstrate that this post-transcriptional regulation is mediated by a molecular mechanism involving noncoding RNA. We show that the 1277 bp 3'untranslated region of D1 receptor mRNA is necessary and sufficient for mediating the post-transcriptional regulation. Using deletion and site-directed mutagenesis approaches, we show that the D1 receptor post-transcriptional regulation is specifically mediated by microRNA miR-142-3p interacting with a single consensus binding site in the 1277 bp 3'untranslated region of D1 receptor mRNA. Inhibiting endogenous miR-142-3p in CAD cells increased endogenous D1 receptor protein expression levels. The increase in D1 receptor protein levels was biologically significant as it resulted in enhanced D1 receptor-mediated signaling, determined by measuring the activation of both, adenylate cyclase and, the dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein, DARPP-32. We also show that there is an inverse correlation between miR-142-3p levels and D1 receptor protein expression in the mouse brain during postnatal development. This is the first

  20. Association of Circulating MicroRNA-124-3p Levels With Outcomes After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Devaux, Yvan; Dankiewicz, Josef; Salgado-Somoza, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    cohort of comatose patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This substudy of the Target Temperature Management After Cardiac Arrest (TTM) trial, a multicenter randomized, parallel-group, assessor-blinded clinical trial, compared the 6-month neurologic outcomes......IMPORTANCE: The value of microRNAs (miRNAs) as biomarkers has been investigated in various clinical contexts. Initial small-scale studies suggested that miRNAs might be useful indicators of outcome after cardiac arrest. OBJECTIVE: To address the prognostic value of circulating miRNAs in a large...... and survival of patients with cardiac arrest after targeted temperature management at 33°C or 36°C. Five hundred seventy-nine patients who survived the first 24 hours after the return of spontaneous circulation and who had blood samples available for miRNA assessment were enrolled from 29 intensive care units...

  1. Core Journal Lists: Classic Tool, New Relevance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paynter, Robin A.; Jackson, Rose M.; Mullen, Laura Bowering

    2010-01-01

    Reviews the historical context of core journal lists, current uses in collection assessment, and existing methodologies for creating lists. Outlines two next generation core list projects developing new methodologies and integrating novel information/data sources to improve precision: a national-level core psychology list and the other a local…

  2. Auger Spectra and Different Ionic Charges Following 3s, 3p and 3d Sub-Shells Photoionization of Kr Atoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yehia A. Lotfy

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The decay of inner-shell vacancy in an atom through radiative and non-radiative transitions leads to final charged ions. The de-excitation decay of 3s, 3p and 3d vacancies in Kr atoms are calculated using Monte-Carlo simulation method. The vacancy cascade pathway resulted from the de-excitation decay of deep core hole in 3s subshell in Kr atoms is discussed. The generation of spectator vacancies during the vacancy cascade development gives rise to Auger satellite spectra. The last transitions of the de-excitation decay of 3s, 3p and 3d holes lead to specific charged ions. Dirac-Fock-Slater wave functions are adapted to calculate radiative and non-radiative transition probabilities. The intensity of Kr^{4+} ions are high for 3s hole state, whereas Kr^{3+} and Kr^{2+} ions have highest intensities for 3p and 3d hole states, respectively. The present results of ion charge state distributions agree well with the experimental data.

  3. Toward a model for assessing level of personality functioning in DSM-5, part II: empirical articulation of a core dimension of personality pathology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.C. Morey; H. Berghuis; D.S. Bender; R. Verheul; R.F. Krueger; A.E. Skodol

    2011-01-01

    The extensive comorbidity among Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed. [DSM-IV]; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) personality disorders might be compelling evidence of essential commonalities among these disorders reflective of a general level of personality functionin

  4. Experience of training core competencies for junior nurses ( N1-level )in intensive care units%ICU低年资护士N1级核心能力培训体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林育群; 许实燕; 郑杏桔

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨适合ICU低年资护士N1级核心能力培训的方法.方法:评估低年资护士核心能力,确定岗位职级,通过集中授课、现场观摩、示范、自学、病例讨论、查房等,进行核心能力培训,培训分为3个阶段进行,全部完成时间2~3年,评价内容包括专科理论和专业知识、技能、案例项目积累完成情况及分析能力、实际工作的应对能力.观察指标为N1级护士培训前后核心能力各项的分值及ICU各项护理质量指标的变化.结果:培训后低年资护士核心能力、ICU各项护理质量指标明显提高.结论:专业核心能力N1级培训有利于提高低年资护士核心能力及保证护理质量.%Objective: To find an effective method of training core competencies for junior nurses ( N1-level )in intensive care units. Methods: According to the nurses in different class of position, We trained the nurses by the centralism teach ing, live visit, demonstration, self-study, case discussions, patient rounds, etc. the training was divided into three stages and completed in 2-3 years. the evaluation content including professional knowledge and technology, completion of the project accumulating case, analysis and the Capacity to respond to practical work. the scores of the nurses' core competen cies before and after training and the changes of nursing quality indicators of ICU were analyzed. Results: Core competen cies and nursing quality indicators of the junior nurses in ICU were improved significantly after the training. Conclusion: The core competence training help to improve core competence of the junior nurses and ensure quality of medical care.

  5. Comparison of Serum Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA and Core Antigen Levels in Patients Coinfected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus and HCV and Treated with Interferon plus Ribavirin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pivert, A.; Payan, C.; Morand, P.; Fafi-Kremer, S.; Deshayes, J.; Carrat, F.; Pol, S.; Cacoub, P.; Perronne, C.; Lunel, F.

    2006-01-01

    Trak-C (Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics) is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-based method capable of quantifying hepatitis C virus (HCV) core antigen (CA) in serum and could be an alternative to molecular detection and quantification of HCV RNA. We have evaluated the Trak-C assay in comparison with an HCV RNA quantitative assay (Versant HCV v3.0; Bayer Diagnostics) in the follow-up of 348 treated, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/HCV-coinfected patients included in the ANRS HC02 RIBAVIC trial. ANRS HC02 RIBAVIC is a therapeutic, multicenter, randomized protocol comparing the efficacy of alpha interferon 2b (IFN-α2b) (3 million units three times a week)-ribavirin (800 mg/day) to that of pegylated IFN-α2b (1.5 μg/kg of body weight/week)-ribavirin (800 mg/day) during 48 weeks of treatment of HIV/HCV-coinfected patients naïve to HCV treatment. Patients were assessed for virological analysis at day 0 and weeks 4, 12, 24, 48, and 72. Correlation of HCV RNA and HCV CA at the initiation of treatment was excellent (r = 0.92). HCV RNA and CA kinetics were similar during follow-up of HCV treatment from day 0 to week 72 whatever the group of response and genotype. The positive and negative predictive values of response to the treatment at week 4 were 59 and 94%, respectively, for HCV RNA load reduction of >2 log and 54 and 94%, respectively, for HCV CA below the threshold value (4.18 log10 pg/ml · 104). Trak-C, a new assay able to quantify CA in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, correlates well with quantitative HCV RNA assays and is cheaper and easier to perform than molecular technology. HCV CA could be a valuable alternative test for therapeutic follow-up of coinfected patients treated with IFN plus ribavirin in developing countries. PMID:16455894

  6. Class III PI 3-kinase is the main source of PtdIns3P substrate and membrane recruitment signal for PIKfyve constitutive function in podocyte endomembrane homeostasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikonomov, Ognian C; Sbrissa, Diego; Venkatareddy, Madhusudan; Tisdale, Ellen; Garg, Puneet; Shisheva, Assia

    2015-05-01

    The evolutionarily conserved PIKfyve, which synthesizes PtdIns5P from PtdIns, and PtdIns(3,5)P2 from PtdIns3P, requires PtdIns3P as both an enzyme substrate and a membrane recruitment signal. Whereas the PtdIns3P source is undetermined, class III PI3K (Vps34), the only evolutionarily conserved of the eight mammalian PI3Ks, is presumed as a main candidate. A hallmark of PIKfyve deficiency is formation of multiple translucent cytoplasmic vacuoles seen by light microscopy in cells cultured in complete media. Such an aberrant phenotype is often observed in cells from conditional Vps34 knockout (KO) mice. To clarify the mechanism of Vps34 KO-triggered vacuolation and the PtdIns3P source for PIKfyve functionality, here we have characterized a podocyte cell type derived from Vps34fl/fl mice, which, upon Cre-mediated gene KO, robustly formed cytoplasmic vacuoles resembling those in PikfyveKO MEFs. Vps34wt, expressed in Vps34KO podocytes restored the normal morphology, but only if the endogenous PIKfyve activity was intact. Conversely, expressed PIKfyvewt rescued completely the vacuolation only in PikfyveKO MEFs but not in Vps34KO podocytes. Analyses of phosphoinositide profiles by HPLC and localization patterns by a PtdIns3P biosensor revealed that Vps34 is the main supplier of localized PtdIns3P not only for PIKfyve activity but also for membrane recruitment. Concordantly, Vps34KO podocytes had severely reduced steady-state levels of both PtdIns(3,5)P2 and PtdIns5P, along with PtdIns3P. We further revealed a plausible physiologically-relevant Vps34-independent PtdIns3P supply for PIKfyve, operating through activated class I PI3Ks. Our data provide the first evidence that the vacuolation phenotype in Vps34KO podocytes is due to PIKfyve dysfunction and that Vps34 is a main PtdIns3P source for constitutive PIKfyve functionality.

  7. Repression of microRNA-768-3p by MEK/ERK signalling contributes to enhanced mRNA translation in human melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, C C; Croft, A; Tseng, H-Y; Guo, S T; Jin, L; Hersey, P; Zhang, X D

    2014-05-15

    Increased global protein synthesis and selective translation of mRNAs encoding proteins contributing to malignancy is common in cancer cells. This is often associated with elevated expression of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4 (eIF4E), the rate-limiting factor of cap-dependent translation initiation. We report here that in human melanoma downregulation of miR-768-3p as a result of activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway has an important role in the upregulation of eIF4E and enhancement in protein synthesis. Melanoma cells displayed increased nascent protein production and elevated eIF4E expression, which was associated with the downregulation of miR-768-3p that was predicted to target the 3'-untranslated region of the eIF4E mRNA. Overexpression of miR-768-3p led to the downregulation of the endogenous eIF4E protein, reduction in nascent protein synthesis and inhibition of cell survival and proliferation. These effects were efficiently reversed when eIF4E was co-overexpressed in melanoma cells. On the other hand, introduction of anti-miR-768-3p into melanocytes upregulated endogenous eIF4E protein expression and increased global protein synthesis. Downregulation of miR-768-3p appeared to be mediated by activation of the MEK/ERK pathway, in that treatment of BRAF(V600E) melanoma cells with the mutant BRAF inhibitor PLX4720 or exposure of either BRAF(V600E) or wild-type BRAF melanoma cells to the MEK inhibitor U0126 resulted in the upregulation of miR-768-3p and inhibition of nascent protein synthesis. This inhibition was partially blocked in cells cointroduced with anti-miR-768-3p. Significantly, miR-768-3p was similarly downregulated, which was inversely associated with the expression levels of eIF4E in fresh melanoma isolates. Taken together, these results identify downregulation of miR-768-3p and subsequent upregulation of eIF4E as an important mechanism in addition to

  8. Lifetime measurement of some excited states belonging to the 3p4nd ( = 4–6) configurationof ArII

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Karmakar; M B Das

    2007-09-01

    The radiative lifetimes of eight levels belonging to the 3p4nd ( = 4–6) configuration of ArII have been measured using high frequency deflection technique together with a delayed coincidence single photon counting arrangement. Lifetimes of some of the levels have been measured for the first time. The results have been compared with other experimental and theoretical values.

  9. 护理本科生核心能力相关影响因素研究%The level and influencing factors of baccalaureate nursing students' core competency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘彦慧; 廖瑞雪

    2014-01-01

    目的 了解本科护理学生核心能力现状,探讨影响其核心能力的影响因素,为提高护生的核心能力水平,促进护理事业的可持续发展提供科学依据.方法 2013年5~6月,采用方便抽样的方法,抽取天津市三级甲等医院实习的本科护理实习生280名为调查对象,采用Li-Ling Hsu等编制的护生核心能力量表(CINS)进行调查,对影响护理本科生核心能力的相关因素进行分析.结果 本科护生核心能力水平为(5.379±0.744)分,其中,得分最高的是道德和责任能力维度(5.840±0.827)分,得分最低的是批判性思维能力维度(4.794±1.105)分.多元回归方程结果显示,曾认真完成作业及准备考试对护生核心能力影响最大,其次为毕业后最想服务的单位及性别.结论 本科护生的核心能力水平有待进一步的提高,护理教育者和管理者应该重视对护生核心能力的培养,针对影响本科护生核心能力的相关影响因素,制定提高护生核心能力的策略,提高本科护生的核心能力水平.%Objective To investigate the level and influencing factors of baccalaureate nursing students' core competency,and supply scientific reference for sustainable development of nursing career.Methods From May to June 2013,totally 280 baccalaureate nursing students from a third-level hospital in Tianjin were tested by the Chinese version of CINS edited by Li-Ling Hsu.Results The score of nursing students' core competency was (5.379±0.744),and the highest score was the moral and responsibility ability dimension (5.840 ±0.827),the lowest score was the critical thinking ability dimension (4.794 ± 1.105).Multiple linear regression analysis showed that ever finishing homework and preparing for the exam carefully,deciding the service units after graduation and gender were the influencing factors of nursing students' core competency.Conclusions Nursing students' core competency needs to be further improved

  10. Spin-orbit and rotational couplings in radiative association of C(3P) and N(4S) atoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antipov, Sergey V; Gustafsson, Magnus; Nyman, Gunnar

    2011-11-14

    The role of spin-orbit and rotational couplings in radiative association of C((3)P) and N((4)S) atoms is investigated. Couplings among doublet electronic states of the CN radical are considered, giving rise to a 6-state model of the process. The solution of the dynamical problem is based on the L(2) method, where a complex absorbing potential is added to the Hamiltonian operator in order to treat continuum and bound levels in the same manner. Comparison of the energy-dependent rate coefficients calculated with and without spin-orbit and rotational couplings shows that the couplings have a strong effect on the resonance structure and low-energy baseline of the rate coefficient.

  11. MiR-223-3p as a Novel MicroRNA Regulator of Expression of Voltage-Gated K+ Channel Kv4.2 in Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xue Liu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI is a devastating cardiovascular disease with a high rate of morbidity and mortality, partly due to enhanced arrhythmogenicity. MicroRNAs (miRNAs have been shown to participate in the regulation of cardiac ion channels and the associated arrhythmias. The purpose of this study was to test our hypothesis that miR-223-3p contributes to the electrical disorders in AMI via modulating KCND2, the gene encoding voltage-gated channel Kv4.2 that carries transient outward K+ current Ito. Methods: AMI model was established in male Sprague-Dawley (SD rats by left anterior descending artery (LAD ligation. Evans blue and TTC staining was used to measure infarct area. Ito was recorded in isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes or cultured neonatal rat ventricular cells (NRVCs by whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. Western blot analysis was employed to detect the protein level of Kv4.2 and real-time RT-PCR to determine the transcript level of miR-223-3p. Luciferase assay was used to examine the interaction between miR-223-3p and KCND2 in cultured NRVCs. Results: Expression of miR-223-3p was remarkably upregulated in AMI relative to sham control rats. On the contrary, the protein level of Kv4.2 and Ito density were significantly decreased in AMI. Consistently, transfection of miR-223-3p mimic markedly reduced Kv4.2 protein level and Ito current in cultured NRVCs. Co-transfection of AMO-223-3p (an antisense inhibitor of miR-223-3p reversed the repressive effect of miR-223-3p. Luciferase assay showed that miR-223-3p, but not the negative control, substantially suppressed the luciferase activity, confirming the direct binding of miR-223-3p to the seed site within the KCND2 sequence. Finally, direct intramuscular injection of AMO-223-3p into the ischemic myocardium to knockdown endogenous miR-223-3p decreased the propensity of ischemic arrhythmias. Conclusions: Upregulation of miR-223-3p in AMI repressed the expression of

  12. Geomagnetism of earth's core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, E. R.

    1983-01-01

    Instrumentation, analytical methods, and research goals for understanding the behavior and source of geophysical magnetism are reviewed. Magsat, launched in 1979, collected global magnetometer data and identified the main terrestrial magnetic fields. The data has been treated by representing the curl-free field in terms of a scalar potential which is decomposed into a truncated series of spherical harmonics. Solutions to the Laplace equation then extend the field upward or downward from the measurement level through intervening spaces with no source. Further research is necessary on the interaction between harmonics of various spatial scales. Attempts are also being made to analytically model the main field and its secular variation at the core-mantle boundary. Work is also being done on characterizing the core structure, composition, thermodynamics, energetics, and formation, as well as designing a new Magsat or a tethered satellite to be flown on the Shuttle.

  13. Geomagnetism of earth's core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benton, E. R.

    1983-01-01

    Instrumentation, analytical methods, and research goals for understanding the behavior and source of geophysical magnetism are reviewed. Magsat, launched in 1979, collected global magnetometer data and identified the main terrestrial magnetic fields. The data has been treated by representing the curl-free field in terms of a scalar potential which is decomposed into a truncated series of spherical harmonics. Solutions to the Laplace equation then extend the field upward or downward from the measurement level through intervening spaces with no source. Further research is necessary on the interaction between harmonics of various spatial scales. Attempts are also being made to analytically model the main field and its secular variation at the core-mantle boundary. Work is also being done on characterizing the core structure, composition, thermodynamics, energetics, and formation, as well as designing a new Magsat or a tethered satellite to be flown on the Shuttle.

  14. MiR-490-3p sensitizes ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin by directly targeting ABCC2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Jing; Xu, Yan-Ying; Li, Lian; Hao, Quan

    2017-01-01

    Cisplatin (CDDP) resistance becomes a large obstacle of the beneficial therapy for patients with ovarian cancer. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) act as post-transcriptional regulators of multiple genes’ expression and have been reported to be involved in multi-drug resistance. The purpose of this study was to determine the roles and molecular mechanism of miR-490-3p in the CDDP resistance in ovarian cancer. We found that miR-490-3p was downregulated in CDDP-resistant OVCAR3/CDDP and SKOV3/CDDP cells, which was due to the hypermethylation of miR-490-3p promoter. Functional studies demonstrated that miR-490-3p increased the cell response to CDDP in OVCAR3, SKOV3 and CDDP-resistant cells, while miR-490-3p inhibition resulted in opposite effects. Luciferase assay, real-time PCR and Western blot as well as immunohistochemistry validated that ABCC2 was a direct target of miR-490-3p and miR-490-3p downregulated ABCC2 expression via binding to its 3’UTR. Importantly, silencing of ABCC2 alleviated CDDP resistance induced by miR-490-3p inhibition, while ABCC2 overexpression restored CDDP resistance inhibited by miR-490-3p. In vivo study showed that miR-490-3p enhanced the cytotoxicity of CDDP. Finally, we found that miR-490-3p was downregulated in CDDP-resistant ovarian cancer tissues, while ABCC2 was upregulated. In conclusion, our data indicate that miR-490-3p enhances CDDP sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells through downregulating ABCC2 expression, and suggest that delivery of miR-490-3p might be a potential therapeutic strategy for patients with CDP-resistant ovarian cancer.

  15. Dual-core antiresonant hollow core fibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xuesong; Fan, Zhongwei; Shi, Zhaohui; Ma, Yunfeng; Yu, Jin; Zhang, Jing

    2016-07-25

    In this work, dual-core antiresonant hollow core fibers (AR-HCFs) are numerically demonstrated, based on our knowledge, for the first time. Two fiber structures are proposed. One is a composite of two single-core nested nodeless AR-HCFs, exhibiting low confinement loss and a circular mode profile in each core. The other has a relatively simple structure, with a whole elliptical outer jacket, presenting a uniform and wide transmission band. The modal couplings of the dual-core AR-HCFs rely on a unique mechanism that transfers power through the air. The core separation and the gap between the two cores influence the modal coupling strength. With proper designs, both of the dual-core fibers can have low phase birefringence and short modal coupling lengths of several centimeters.

  16. miR-483-3p plays an oncogenic role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma by targeting tumor suppressor EI24.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Jiaojiao; Hong, Liu; Xu, Guanghui; Hao, Junfeng; Wang, Rui; Guo, Hao; Liu, Jinqiang; Zhang, Yujie; Nie, Yongzhan; Fan, Daiming

    2016-04-01

    microRNAs (miRNAs), through negatively regulating their target genes, influence the development and progression of many cancers. Previously, we found miR-483 was overexpressed in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) tissues, and its overexpression was negatively correlated with the prognosis and positively correlated with multidrug resistance of ESCC, but whether it could affect the biological role of proliferation and migration in ESCC cell lines is unknown. In the present study, we found miR-483-3p was overexpressed in ESCC cell lines as compared with the normal esophageal squamous epithelial cell line. Functional experiments in vitro showed that miR-483-3p could promote the proliferation, migration, transformation of cell cycle from G1 phase to G2 phase of ESCC cells and could inhibit cells' sensitivity to chemotherapy drugs. Nude mouse tumorigenicity assay indicated that miR-483-3p could promote the growth of ESCC cells in vivo. Western blot assay showed that ectopic expression of miR-483-3p in ESCC cells could downregulate the protein level of etoposide induced 2.4 (EI24), which is a tumor suppressor and has not been reported in ESCC. Luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that EI24 was a direct target of miR-483-3p. Collectively, our study demonstrated that miR-483-3p could promote ESCC progression at least in part through directly targeting EI24, supplying a potential strategy for miRNA-based ESCC therapy.

  17. PI3P 和 NO 在 UV-B 诱导蚕豆气孔关闭中的关系%The interactions of PI3P and NO in UV-B-induced stomatal closure of broad bean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊彩明; 王静; 胡洁; 贺军民

    2015-01-01

    By stomatal bioassay and measurement of endogenous nitric oxide (NO)level in guard cells,the interactions of NO and phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI3P)[the product of phos-phatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)]in UV-B-induced stomatal closure were studied in the epidermal strips of abaxial surface of broad bean(Vicia faba L.)leaves.The results showed that both the NO production in guard cells and stomatal closure induced by UV-B were significantly inhibited by PI3K inhibitors wortmannin (WM)and LY294002 (LY).Meanwhile,exogenous NO-relea-sing compound sodium nitroprusside (SNP)could completely reverse the inhibitory effect of LY and WM on the UV-B-induced stomatal closure,and WM and LY could not inhibit exogenous SNP-induced stomatal closure of broad bean.These results indicate that PI3P acts upstream of NO in the signal transduction pathway of UV-B-induced stomatal closure of broad bean.%以蚕豆(Vicia faba L.)叶片下表皮为材料,结合气孔开度分析和保卫细胞内源一氧化氮(NO)水平的测定,研究了 NO 和磷脂酰肌醇3-激酶(PI3K)的催化产物磷脂酰肌醇3-磷酸(PI3P)在紫外线 B(UV-B)诱导气孔关闭中的关系。结果显示:UV-B 辐射诱导蚕豆保卫细胞 NO 产生和气孔关闭的效应能被 PI3K 抑制剂沃曼青霉素(WM)和 LY294002(LY)显著抑制。同时,外源 NO释放剂硝普钠(SNP)处理能完全逆转 WM 和 LY 对 UV-B 诱导气孔关闭的抑制效应,而 WM 和LY 却不能抑制外源 SNP 诱导蚕豆气孔关闭的效应。结果说明,在 UV-B 诱导蚕豆气孔关闭的信号转导途径中 PI3P 的作用在 NO 上游。

  18. Absolute frequency measurement of the 1S0 - 3P0 transition of 171Yb

    CERN Document Server

    Pizzocaro, Marco; Rauf, Benjamin; Bregolin, Filippo; Milani, Gianmaria; Clivati, Cecilia; Costanzo, Giovanni A; Levi, Filippo; Calonico, Davide

    2016-01-01

    We report the absolute frequency measurement of the unperturbed transition 1S0 - 3P0 at 578 nm in 171Yb realized in an optical lattice frequency standard. The absolute frequency is measured 518 295 836 590 863.55(28) Hz relative to a cryogenic caesium fountain with a fractional uncertainty of 5.4x10-16 . This value is in agreement with the ytterbium frequency recommended as a secondary representation of the second in the International System of Units.

  19. Pulsar Spin-Down by 3P2 Superfluid Neutron with Field Decay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LUO Xin-Lian; PENG Qiu-He; CHOU Chih-Kang

    2003-01-01

    To describe pulsar spin-down, we present a simple combined torque model that takes into account both the standard magnetic dipole radiation and the electromagnetic radiation from the 3P2 superSuid vortex neutrons inside neutron star. Using an ordinary exponential model for the magnetic field decay, we derive an analytical formulae for pulsar evolution tracks. The pulsar evolution on the P-P diagram is quite different from that of the standard magnetic dipole radiation model, especially when the supernuid torque or Geld decay becomes dominant.

  20. The dielectronic satellites to the 2s-3p Ne-like krypton resonance lines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khakhalin, S.Ya. (MISDC, NPO ' ' VNIIFTRI' ' , Mendeleevo (Russian Federation)); Dyakin, V.M. (MISDC, NPO ' ' VNIIFTRI' ' , Mendeleevo (Russian Federation)); Faenov, A.Ya. (MISDC, NPO ' ' VNIIFTRI' ' , Mendeleevo (Russian Federation)); Fiedorowicz, H. (Inst. of Optoelectronics, Warsaw (Poland)); Bartnik, A. (Inst. of Optoelectronics, Warsaw (Poland)); Parys, P. (Inst. of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, Warsaw (Poland)); Nilsen, J. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Livermore, CA (United States)); Osterheld, A. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Livermore, CA (United States))

    1994-08-01

    We present an analysis of dielectronic satellite spectra of 2p[sup 6]-2s2p[sup 6]3p Ne-like krypton resonance lines. The satellite structure was registered with high (better than [lambda]/[Delta][lambda] > 3500) spectral resolution in the emission of a laser irradiated gas puff target. We perform an unambiguous identification of satellite lines caused by radiative transitions from autoionizing states of sodium-like krypton ions. A total of about 20 spectral features are identified, most of them for the first time. Very good agreement between the satellite structure calculations and experimental emission spectra is obtained. (orig.).

  1. Phase transitions in Cd3P2 at high pressures and high temperatures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yel'kin, F.S.; Sidorov, V.A.; Waskowska, A.;

    2008-01-01

    The high-pressure, high-temperature structural behaviour of Cd3P2 has been studied using electrical resistance measurements, differential thermal analysis, thermo baric analysis and X-ray diffraction. At room temperature, a phase transformation is observed at 4.0 GPa in compression....... The experimental zero-pressure bulk modulus of the low-pressure phase is 64.7(7) GPa, which agrees quite well with the calculated value of 66.3 GPa using the tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbital method within the local density approximation. Tentatively, the high-pressure phase has an orthorhombic crystal...

  2. 75 FR 23574 - Airworthiness Directives; CFM International, S.A. CFM56-5B1/P, -5B2/P, -5B3/P, -5B3/P1, -5B4/P...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ..., S.A. CFM56-5B1/P, - 5B2/P, -5B3/P, -5B3/P1, -5B4/P, -5B5/P, -5B6/P, -5B7/P, -5B8/P, -5B9/P, -5B1/2P... Docket Operations office between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The... CFM International, S.A. CFM56-5B1/P, - 5B2/P, -5B3/P, -5B3/P1, -5B4/P, -5B5/P,......

  3. Relative Abstract Nature of the Three Core Science Subjects at the Senior Secondary Level in Nigeria as Exemplified by Classroom Interaction Patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel E Achor

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examined relative abstract nature of Biology, Chemistry and Physics offered at the senior secondary schools (SSS in Ankpa education zone of Kogi State of Nigeria based on the analysis of classroom interactions. In each of the three comparable public schools used, the same class of Senior Secondary 2 (SS 2 or 11th grade students were each taught Biology, Chemistry and Physics. In each school, reproduction, chemical kinetics and refraction were taught in Biology, Chemistry and Physics respectively. The researchers personally took record of interactions during the 9 periods (taught by 9 science teachers lasting for 35 minutes each using Flanders’ Interaction Analysis Categories (FIAC. Inter observer’s rater reliability was 0.69 using Scott’s Phi coefficient. Using a 10 by 10 matrix and percentage for final analysis, the extent of students’ participation in the lesson which its decreasing order was used to estimate the degree of the abstract nature or difficulty experienced in each subject was determined. The result revealed that the physical sciences were more abstract than the biological science with physics having the highest index. There was no close match between teachers’ level of motivation during the lessons and students’ participation except in Biology. Consequent upon these, it was recommended that chemistry and physics teachers should always ensure that there is a close match between cognitive ability of learners and cognitive demands of the subjects or lessons taught; that concrete teaching materials be used in the two more abstract subjects to reduce the formal reasoning or abstract requirements in the lessons to concrete demand levels, among others.

  4. Photoionization of ground and excited levels of P II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nahar, Sultana N.

    2017-01-01

    Photoionization cross section (σPI) of P II, (hν + P II → P III + e), from ground and a large number of excited levels are presented. The study includes the resonant structures and the characteristics of the background in photoionization cross sections. The present calculations were carried out in the Breit-Pauli R-matrix (BPRM) method that includes relativistic effects. The autoionizing resonances are delineated with a fine energy mesh to observe the fine structure effects. A singular resonance, formed by the coupling of channels in fine structure but not allowed in LS coupling, is seen at the ionization threshold of photoionization for the ground and many excited levels. The background cross section is seen enhanced compared to smooth decay for the excited levels. Examples are presented to illustrate the enhanced background cross sections at the energies of the core levels, 4P3/2 and 2D3/2, that are allowed for electric dipole transitions by the core ground level 2 P1/2o. In addition strong Seaton or photo-excitation-of-core (PEC) resonances are found in the photoionization of single valence electron excited levels. Calculations used a close coupling wave function expansion that included 18 fine structure levels of core P III from configurations 3s23p, 3s3p2, 3s23d, 3s24s, 3s24p and 3p3. Photoionization cross sections are presented for all 475 fine structure levels of P II found with n ≤ 10 and l ≤ 9. The present results will provide high precision parameters of various applications involving this less studied ion.

  5. The reactions of O({sup 3}P) with alkenes: The formyl radical channel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Min, Z.; Wong, T.H.; Quandt, R.; Bersohn, R.

    1999-12-09

    The HCO product of the reaction of O({sup 3}P) with ethene has been detected by cavity ring-down spectroscopy using its A-X transition. For propene a somewhat smaller yield of HCO was obtained but the overall rate constant is much larger. The yield of HCO in this reaction is quite small ({approximately}0.05). Moreover, a large number of other alkenes were tried with negative results. The failure of the 1,2 H atom shift followed by breaking the 1,2 bond implies that the unimolecular decomposition has found a more favorable channel. The proposed mechanism is as follows. For an alkene of the form RCH{sub 2}{double{underscore}bond}CH{sub 2} the first step is attachment of the O({sup 3}P) to the terminal carbon atom, C{sub 1}. Then, intersystem crossing occurs and finally a H atom shifts from C{sub 3} to C{sub 2} and not from C{sub 1} to C{sub 2}. In this way a molecule of formaldehyde and an alkene shorter by one carbon atom are formed.

  6. Metalloid tolerance based on phytochelatins is not functionally equivalent to the arsenite transporter Acr3p.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wysocki, Robert; Clemens, Stephan; Augustyniak, Daria; Golik, Pawel; Maciaszczyk, Ewa; Tamás, Markus J; Dziadkowiec, Dorota

    2003-05-01

    Active transport of metalloids by Acr3p and Ycf1p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and chelation by phytochelatins in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, nematodes, and plants represent distinct strategies of metalloid detoxification. In this report, we present results of functional comparison of both resistance mechanisms. The S. pombe and wheat phytochelatin synthase (PCS) genes, when expressed in S. cerevisiae, mediate only modest resistance to arsenite and thus cannot functionally compensate for Acr3p. On the other hand, we show for the first time that phytochelatins also contribute to antimony tolerance as PCS fully complement antimonite sensitivity of ycf1Delta mutant. Remarkably, heterologous expression of PCS sensitizes S. cerevisiae to arsenate, while ACR3 confers much higher arsenic resistance in pcsDelta than in wild-type S. pombe. The analysis of PCS and ACR3 homologues distribution in various organisms and our experimental data suggest that separation of ACR3 and PCS genes may lead to the optimal tolerance status of the cell.

  7. Novel electrochemical biosensor based on PVP capped CoFe2O4@CdSe core-shell nanoparticles modified electrode for ultra-trace level determination of rifampicin by square wave adsorptive stripping voltammetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asadpour-Zeynali, Karim; Mollarasouli, Fariba

    2017-06-15

    This work introduces a new electrochemical sensor based on polyvinyl pyrrolidone capped CoFe2O4@CdSe core-shell modified electrode for a rapid detection and highly sensitive determination of rifampicin (RIF) by square wave adsorptive stripping voltammetry. The new PVP capped CoFe2O4@CdSe with core-shell nanostructure was synthesized by a facile synthesis method for the first time. PVP can act as a capping and etching agent for protection of the outer surface nanoparticles and formation of a mesoporous shell, respectively. Another important feature of this work is the choice of the ligand (1,10-phenanthroline) for precursor cadmium complex that works as a chelating agent in order to increase optical and electrical properties and stability of prepared nanomaterial. The nanoparticles have been characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-vis, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, FT-IR, and cyclic voltammetry techniques. The PL spectroscopy study of CoFe2O4@CdSe has shown significant PL quenching by the formation of CoFe2O4 core inside CdSe, this shows that CoFe2O4 NPs are efficient electron acceptors with the CdSe. It is clearly observed that the biosensor can significantly enhance electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of RIF, under the optimal conditions. The novelty of this work arises from the new synthesis method for the core-shell of CoFe2O4@CdSe. Then, the novel electrochemical biosensor was fabricated for ultra-trace level determination of rifampicin with very low detection limit (4.55×10(-17)M) and a wide linear range from 1.0×10(-16) to 1.0×10(-7)M. The fabricated biosensor showed high sensitivity and selectivity, good reproducibility and stability. Therefore, it was successfully applied for the determination of ultra-trace RIF amounts in biological and pharmaceutical samples with satisfactory recovery data.

  8. The miR-204-3p-targeted IGFBP2 pathway is involved in xanthohumol-induced glioma cell apoptotic death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Peng-Hsu; Chang, Cheng-Kuei; Shih, Chwen-Ming; Cheng, Chia-Hsiung; Lin, Cheng-Wei; Lee, Chin-Cheng; Liu, Ann-Jeng; Ho, Kuo-Hao; Chen, Ku-Chung

    2016-11-01

    Xanthohumol (XN), a prenylated chalcone extracted from hop plant Humulus lupulus L. (Cannabaceae), has potential for cancer therapy, including gliomas. Micro (mi)RNAs are small noncoding RNAs that control gene expression. Several miRNAs have been identified to participate in regulating glioma development. However, no studies have demonstrated whether miRNA is involved in XN cytotoxicity resulting in glioma cell death. This study investigated the effects of XN-mediated miRNA expression in activating apoptotic pathways in glioblastoma U87 MG cells. First, we found that XN significantly reduced cell viability and induced apoptosis via pro-caspase-3/8 cleavage and poly(ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP) degradation. We also identified that pro-caspase-9 cleavage, Bcl2 family expression changes, mitochondrial dysfunction, and intracellular ROS generation also participated in XN-induced glioma cell death. With a microarray analysis, miR-204-3p was identified as the most upregulated miRNA induced by XN cytotoxicity. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/c-Fos pathway was validated to participate in XN-upregulated miR-204-3p expression. With a promoter assay and ChIP analysis, we found that c-Fos dose-dependently bound to the miR-204-3p gene promoter region. Furthermore, miR-204-3p levels decreased in several glioma cell lines compared to astrocytes. Overexpression of miR-204-3p enhanced glioma cell apoptosis. IGFBP2, an upregulated regulator of glioma proliferation, was validated by a TCGA analysis as a direct target gene of miR-204-3p. XN's inhibition of the IGFBP2/AKT/Bcl2 pathway via miR-204-3p targeting played a critical role in mediating glioma cell death. These results emphasized that the XN-mediated miR-204-3p network may provide novel therapeutic strategies for future glioblastoma therapy and drug development.

  9. microRNA miR-142-3p Inhibits Breast Cancer Cell Invasiveness by Synchronous Targeting of WASL, Integrin Alpha V, and Additional Cytoskeletal Elements.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Schwickert

    Full Text Available MicroRNAs (miRNAs, micro ribonucleic acids are pivotal post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. These endogenous small non-coding RNAs play significant roles in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. miR-142-3p expression is dysregulated in several breast cancer subtypes. We aimed at investigating the role of miR-142-3p in breast cancer cell invasiveness. Supported by transcriptomic Affymetrix array analysis and confirmatory investigations at the mRNA and protein level, we demonstrate that overexpression of miR-142-3p in MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468 and MCF-7 breast cancer cells leads to downregulation of WASL (Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome-like, protein: N-WASP, Integrin-αV, RAC1, and CFL2, molecules implicated in cytoskeletal regulation and cell motility. ROCK2, IL6ST, KLF4, PGRMC2 and ADCY9 were identified as additional targets in a subset of cell lines. Decreased Matrigel invasiveness was associated with the miR-142-3p-induced expression changes. Confocal immunofluorescence microscopy, nanoscale atomic force microscopy and digital holographic microscopy revealed a change in cell morphology as well as a reduced cell volume and size. A more cortical actin distribution and a loss of membrane protrusions were observed in cells overexpressing miR-142-3p. Luciferase activation assays confirmed direct miR-142-3p-dependent regulation of the 3'-untranslated region of ITGAV and WASL. siRNA-mediated depletion of ITGAV and WASL resulted in a significant reduction of cellular invasiveness, highlighting the contribution of these factors to the miRNA-dependent invasion phenotype. While knockdown of WASL significantly reduced the number of membrane protrusions compared to controls, knockdown of ITGAV resulted in a decreased cell volume, indicating differential contributions of these factors to the miR-142-3p-induced phenotype. Our data identify WASL, ITGAV and several additional cytoskeleton-associated molecules as novel invasion-promoting targets of miR-142-3

  10. Mutation in the splicing factor Hprp3p linked to retinitis pigmentosa impairs interactions within the U4/U6 snRNP complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Santos, Juana Maria; Cao, Huibi; Duan, Rongqi Cathleen; Hu, Jim

    2008-01-15

    Mutations in PRPF3, a gene encoding the essential pre-mRNA splicing factor Hprp3p, have been identified in patients with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa type 18 (RP18). Patients with RP18 have one of two single amino acid substitutions, Pro493Ser or Thr494Met, at the highly conserved Hprp3p C-terminal region. Pro493Ser occurs sporadically, whereas Thr494Met is observed in several unlinked RP families worldwide. The latter mutation also alters a potential recognition motif for phosphorylation by casein kinase II (CKII). To understand the molecular basis of RP18, we examined the consequences of Thr494Met mutation on Hprp3p molecular interactions with components of the U4/U6.U5 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles (snRNPs) complex. Since numerous mutations causing human diseases change pre-mRNA splice sites, we investigated whether Thr494Met substitution affects the processing of PRPF3 mRNA. We found that Thr494Met does not affect PRPF3 mRNA processing, indicating that the mutation may exert its effect primarily at the protein level. We used small hairpin RNAs to specifically silence the endogenous PRPF3 while simultaneously expressing HA-tagged Thr494Met. We demonstrated that the C- but not N-terminal region of Hprp3p is indeed phosphorylated by CKII in vitro and in cells. CKII-mediated Hprp3p phosphorylation was significantly reduced by Thr494Met mutation. Consequently, the Hprp3p C-terminal region is rendered partially defective in its association with itself, Hprp4p, and U4/U6 snRNA. Our findings provide new insights into the biology of Hprp3p and suggest that the loss of Hprp3p phosphorylation at Thr494 is a key step for initiating Thr494Met aberrant interactions within U4/U6 snRNP complex and that these are likely linked to the RP18 phenotype.

  11. The human core of the shared socioeconomic pathways: Population scenarios by age, sex and level of education for all countries to 2100.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kc, Samir; Lutz, Wolfgang

    2017-01-01

    This paper applies the methods of multi-dimensional mathematical demography to project national populations based on alternative assumptions on future, fertility, mortality, migration and educational transitions that correspond to the five shared socioeconomic pathways (SSP) storylines. In doing so it goes a significant step beyond past population scenarios in the IPCC context which considered only total population size. By differentiating the human population not only by age and sex-as is conventionally done in demographic projections-but also by different levels of educational attainment the most fundamental aspects of human development and social change are being explicitly addressed through modeling the changing composition of populations by these three important individual characteristics. The scenarios have been defined in a collaborative effort of the international Integrated Assessment Modeling community with the medium scenario following that of a major new effort by the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, OEAW, WU) involving over 550 experts from around the world. As a result, in terms of total world population size the trajectories resulting from the five SSPs stay very close to each other until around 2030 and by the middle of the century already a visible differentiation appears with the range between the highest (SSP3) and the lowest (SSP1) trajectories spanning 1.5 billion. The range opens up much more with the SSP3 reaching 12.6 billion in 2100 and SSP1 falling to 6.9 billion which is lower than today's world population.

  12. Animal MRI Core

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Animal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Core develops and optimizes MRI methods for cardiovascular imaging of mice and rats. The Core provides imaging expertise,...

  13. Repression of mitochondrial translation, respiration and a metabolic cycle-regulated gene, SLF1, by the yeast Pumilio-family protein Puf3p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Chatenay-Lapointe

    Full Text Available Synthesis and assembly of the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS system requires genes located both in the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes, but how gene expression is coordinated between these two compartments is not fully understood. One level of control is through regulated expression mitochondrial ribosomal proteins and other factors required for mitochondrial translation and OXPHOS assembly, which are all products of nuclear genes that are subsequently imported into mitochondria. Interestingly, this cadre of genes in budding yeast has in common a 3'-UTR element that is bound by the Pumilio family protein, Puf3p, and is coordinately regulated under many conditions, including during the yeast metabolic cycle. Multiple functions have been assigned to Puf3p, including promoting mRNA degradation, localizing nucleus-encoded mitochondrial transcripts to the outer mitochondrial membrane, and facilitating mitochondria-cytoskeletal interactions and motility. Here we show that Puf3p has a general repressive effect on mitochondrial OXPHOS abundance, translation, and respiration that does not involve changes in overall mitochondrial biogenesis and largely independent of TORC1-mitochondrial signaling. We also identified the cytoplasmic translation factor Slf1p as yeast metabolic cycle-regulated gene that is repressed by Puf3p at the post-transcriptional level and promotes respiration and extension of yeast chronological life span when over-expressed. Altogether, these results should facilitate future studies on which of the many functions of Puf3p is most relevant for regulating mitochondrial gene expression and the role of nuclear-mitochondrial communication in aging and longevity.

  14. Bonding and Site Preferences in the New Quasi-Binary Zr 2.7Hf 11.3P 9

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinke, Holger; Franzen, Hugo F.

    1998-03-01

    The new quasi-binary Zr 2.7Hf 11.3P 9was synthesized by arc-melting of Zr, Hf, Co, and HfP in a ratio corresponding to the initial composition "Zr 2.25Hf 6.75Co 2P 4". Zr 2.7Hf 11.3P 9crystallizes in the Zr 14P 9structure type, which is unknown in the binary Hf/P system. The ideal orthorhombic lattice dimensions (space group Pnnm(No. 58), Z=4) were refined to a=16.640(7) Å, b=27.40(2) Å, c=3.619(1) Å, V=1650(2) Å 3. The structure consists of three-dimensional condensed one-, two-, and three-capped trigonal (Zr, Hf) 6P prisms, occurring with numerous short M- Mbonds ( M=Zr, Hf). Each of the 15 metal sites is statistically occupied by a mixture of Zr and Hf, which varies significantly from site to site. The Hf/Zr ratio in a given site depends on the M- Mand M-P interactions. The systematic increase of this ratio with increasing total bond order, as evaluated via Mulliken overlap populations and Pauling bond orders, can be understood based on the trend that Hf forms stronger M- Mand M-P bonds than Zr. As expected for a metal-rich phosphide, band structure calculations for the hypothetical "Hf 14P 9" carried out with the extended Hückel approximation result in a significant density of states at the Fermi level.

  15. Microarray based analysis of an inherited terminal 3p26.3 deletion, containing only the CHL1 gene, from a normal father to his two affected children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lerone Margherita

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background terminal deletions of the distal portion of the short arm of chromosome 3 cause a rare contiguous gene disorder characterized by growth retardation, developmental delay, mental retardation, dysmorphisms, microcephaly and ptosis. The phenotype of individuals with deletions varies from normal to severe. It was suggested that a 1,5 Mb minimal terminal deletion including the two genes CRBN and CNTN4 is sufficient to cause the syndrome. In addition the CHL1 gene, mapping at 3p26.3 distally to CRBN and CNTN4, was proposed as candidate gene for a non specific mental retardation because of its high level of expression in the brain. Methods and Results we describe two affected siblings in which array-CGH analysis disclosed an identical discontinuous terminal 3p26.3 deletion spanning less than 1 Mb. The deletion was transmitted from their normal father and included only the CHL1 gene. The two brothers present microcephaly, light mental retardation, learning and language difficulties but not the typical phenotype manifestations described in 3p- syndrome. Conclusion a terminal 3p26.3 deletion including only the CHL1 gene is a very rare finding previously reported only in one family. The phenotype of the affected individuals in the two families is very similar and the deletion has been inherited from an apparently normal parent. As already described for others recurrent syndromes with variable phenotype, these findings are challenging in genetic counselling because of an evident variable penetrance.

  16. Skin Transfection Patterns and Expression Kinetics of Electroporation-Enhanced Plasmid Delivery Using the CELLECTRA-3P, a Portable Next-Generation Dermal Electroporation Device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amante, Dinah H; Smith, Trevor R F; Mendoza, Janess M; Schultheis, Katherine; McCoy, Jay R; Khan, Amir S; Sardesai, Niranjan Y; Broderick, Kate E

    2015-08-01

    The CELLECTRA-3P dermal electroporation device (Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Plymouth Meeting, PA) has been evaluated in the clinic and shown to enhance the delivery of an influenza DNA vaccine. To understand the mechanism by which this device aids in enhancing the host immune response to DNA vaccines we investigated the expression kinetics and localization of a reporter plasmid (pGFP) delivered via the CELLECTRA-3P. Histological analysis revealed green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression as early as 1 hr posttreatment in the epidermal and dermal layers, and as early as 2 hr posttreatment in the subdermal layers. Immunofluorescence techniques identified keratinocytes, fibrocytes, dendritic-like cells, adipocytes, and myocytes as the principal cell populations transfected. We proceeded to demonstrate elicitation of robust host immune responses after plasmid DNA (pDNA) vaccination. In guinea pigs equivalent humoral (antibody binding titers) immune responses were observed between protocols using either CELLECTRA-3P or intramuscular electroporation to deliver the DNA vaccine. In nonhuman primates, robust interferon-γ enzyme-linked immunospot and protective levels of hemagglutination inhibition titers after pDNA vaccination were observed in groups treated with the CELLECTRA-3P. In conclusion, these findings may assist in the future to design efficient, tolerable DNA vaccination strategies for the clinic.

  17. MiR-519d-3p suppresses invasion and migration of trophoblast cells via targeting MMP-2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Ding

    Full Text Available Our study was approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Tang Du Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University and complied strictly with national ethical guidelines. Preeclampsia (PE is a specific clinical disorder characterized by gestational hypertension and proteinuria and is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. The miR-519d-3p is upregulated in the maternal plasma of patients with PE which indicates a possible association between this microRNA and the pathogenesis of PE. No studies to date have addressed the effect of miR-519d-3p on the invasion and migration of trophoblast cells. In our study, we found that miR-519d-3p expression was elevated in placental samples from patients with PE. In vitro, overexpression of miR-519d-3p significantly inhibited trophoblast cell migration and invasion, whereas transfection of a miR-519d-3p inhibitor enhanced trophoblast cell migration and invasion. Luciferase assays confirmed that matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2 is a direct target of miR-519d-3p. Quantitative real-time PCR and western blot assays showed that overexpression of miR-519d-3p downregulated MMP-2 mRNA and protein expression. Knockdown of MMP-2 using a siRNA attenuated the increased trophoblast migration and invasion promoted by the miR-519d-3p inhibitor. In placentas from patients with PE or normal pregnancies, a negative correlation between the expression of MMP-2 and miR-519d-3p was observed using the Pearson correlation and linear regression analysis. Our present findings suggest that upregulation of miR-519d-3p may contribute to the development of PE by inhibiting trophoblast cell migration and invasion via targeting MMP-2; miR-519d-3p may represent a potential predictive and therapeutic target for PE.

  18. Narrow-linewidth cooling of $^{6}$Li atoms using the 2S-3P transition

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Hao-Ze; Wu, Yu-Ping; Liu, Xiang-Pei; Wang, Xiao-Qiong; Chen, Yu-Ao; Pan, Jian-Wei

    2016-01-01

    We report on a narrow-linewidth cooling of $^{6}$Li atoms using the $2S_{1/2}\\to 3P_{3/2}$ transition in the ultraviolet (UV) wavelength regime. By combining the traditional red magneto-optical trap (MOT) at 671 nm and the UV MOT at 323 nm, we obtain a cold sample of $1.3\\times10^9$ atoms with a temperature of 58 $\\mu$K. Furthermore, we demonstrate a high efficiency magnetic transport for $^{6}$Li atoms with the help of the UV MOT. Finally, we obtain $8.1\\times10^8$ atoms with a temperature of 296 $\\mu$K at a magnetic gradient of 198 G/cm in the science chamber with a good vacuum environment and large optical access.

  19. C-H activation of ethers by pyridine tethered PCsp3P-type iridium complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Peng; Babbini, Dominic C; Iluc, Vlad M

    2016-06-14

    Iridium PCsp3P complexes featuring a novel bis(2-diphenylphosphinophenyl)-2-pyridylmethane ligand (PC(Py)HP) are reported. C-H activation reactions between the dihydride complex [(PC(Py)P)Ir(H)2] and tetrahydrofuran or methyl tert-butyl ether in the presence of a hydrogen acceptor, norbornene (NBE), at ambient temperature led exclusively to the hydrido oxyalkyl complexes, [(PC(Py)P)IrH(C4H7O)] and [(PC(Py)P)IrH(CH2O(t)Bu)], respectively. The internal pyridine donor is important and stabilizes these species by coordination to the iridium center. The coordination of pyridine to the iridium center is labile, however, and its dissociation occurs in the presence of a suitable substrate, as demonstrated by the intramolecular nucleophilic attack of pyridine on a vinylidene intermediate generated from PhC[triple bond, length as m-dash]CH.

  20. Product lambda-doublet ratios for the O(3P) + D2 reaction: A mechanistic imprint

    CERN Document Server

    Jambrina, P G; Aldegunde, J; Brouard, M; Aoiz, F J

    2016-01-01

    In the last decade, the development of theoretical methods have allowed chemists to reproduce and explain almost all of the experimental data associated with elementary atom plus diatom collisions. However, there are still a few examples where theory cannot account yet for experimental results. This is the case for the preferential population of one of the $\\Lambda$-doublet states produced by chemical reactions. In particular, recent measurements of the OD($^2\\Pi$) product of the O($^3$P) + D$_2$ reaction have shown a clear preference for the $\\Pi(A')$ $\\Lambda$-doublet states, in apparent contradiction with {\\em ab initio} calculations, which predict a larger reactivity on the $A"$ potential energy surface. Here we present a method to calculate the $\\Lambda$-doublet ratio when concurrent potential energy surfaces participate in the reaction. It accounts for the experimental $\\Lambda$-doublet populations via explicit consideration of the stereodynamics of the process. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that...

  1. Superplasticity in an Aluminum Alloy 6061/A12O3p Composite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The superplasticity of an Al2O3p/6061Al composite, fabricated by powder metallurgy techniques,has been investigated. Instead of any special thermomechanical processing or hot rolling, simple hot extrusion has been employed to obtain a fine grained structure before superplastic testing.Superplastic tensile tests were performed at strain rates ranging from 10-2 to 10-4 s-1 and at temperatures from 833 to 893 K. A maximum elongation of 200% was achieved at a temperature of 853 K and an initial strain rate of 1.67×10-3 s-1. The highest value obtained for the strain rate sensitivity index (m) was 0.32. Differential scanning calorimeter was used to ascertain the possibility of any partial melting in the vicinity of optimum superplastic temperature. These results suggested that no liquid phase existed where maximum elongation was achieved and deformation took place entirely in the solid state.

  2. Hepatitis B virus basal core promoter mutations A1762T/G1764A are associated with genotype C and a low serum HBsAg level in chronically-infected HBeAg-positive Chinese patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Chun-Hui; Zhao, Cheng-Yu; Ding, Hai; Peng, Ya-Qin; Jin, Peng-Yuan; Yan, Ling; Zhuang, Hui; Li, Tong

    2012-11-01

    The present study was aimed to obtain baseline information of basal core promoter A1762T/G1764A and precore G1896A mutations of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in 192 HBeAg-positive chronically-infected Chinese patients, who were potential candidates for antiviral treatment. The detection of these mutations (including minor mutant subpopulations) was achieved by direct sequencing, whose sensitivity for minor mutant subpopulations identification was confirmed by clone sequencing. Patients enrolled were infected with either genotype B (46.35%) or C (53.65%) HBV identified by routine tests in our laboratory. The A1762T/G1764A or G1896A mutations were detected in 125specimens (125/192, 65.10%), in which 77 (77/125, 61.60%) existed as subpopulations. The A1762T/G1764A mutations were found to be more prevalent in genotype C than that in genotype B HBV [62.14% (64/103) vs. 20.22% (18/89), Pgenotypes. The emergence of A1762T/G1764A mutations was also found to be associated with an older age, an elevated ALT/AST level, and a lower HBsAg level in serum [wild-type vs. mutant: 4.57 (3.46-5.42) vs. 3.93 (2.51-5.36), Pgenotype C and a low serum HBsAg level in chronically-infected HBeAg-positive Chinese patients.

  3. MicroRNA-223-3p inhibits the angiogenesis of ischemic cardiac microvascular endothelial cells via affecting RPS6KB1/hif-1a signal pathway.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo-Hua Dai

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs are a recently discovered class of posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression with critical functions in the angiogenesis and cardiovascular diseases; however, the details of miRNAs regulating mechanism of angiogenesis of ischemic cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs are not yet reported. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study analyzes the changes of the dynamic expression of miRNAs during the process of angiogenesis of ischemic CMECs by applying miRNA chip and real-time PCR for the first time. Compared with normal CMECs, ischemic CMECs have a specific miRNAs expression profile, in which mir-223-3p has the most significant up-regulation, especially during the process of migration and proliferation, while the up-regulation is the most significant during migration, reaching 11.02 times. Rps6kb1 is identified as a potential direct and functional target of mir-223-3p by applying bioinformatic prediction, real-time PCR and Western blot. Pathway analysis report indicates Rps6kb1 regulates the angiogenesis by participating into hif-1a signal pathway. Further analysis reveals that both the gene and protein expression of the downstream molecules VEGF, MAPK, PI3K and Akt of Rps6kb1/hif-1a signal pathway decrease significantly during the process of migration and proliferation in the ischemic CMECs. Therefore, it is confirmed that mir-223-3p inhibits the angiogenesis of CMECs, at least partly, via intervening RPS6KB1/hif-1a signal pathway and affecting the process of migration and proliferation. CONCLUSION: This study elucidates the miRNA regulating law in the angiogenesis of CMECs; mir-223-3p inhibits the process of migration and proliferation of ischemic CMECs probably via affecting RPS6KB1/hif-1a signal pathway, which in turn suppresses the angiogenesis. It is highly possible that mir-223-3p becomes a novel intervention core target in the treatment of angiogenesis of ischemic heart diseases.

  4. CHARACTERIZATION AND CHROMOSOMAL ASSIGNMENT OF YEAST ARTIFICIAL CHROMOSOMES CONTAINING HUMAN 3P13-P21-SPECIFIC SEQUENCE-TAGGED SITES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    MICHAELIS, SC; BARDENHEUER, W; LUX, A; SCHRAMM, A; GOCKEL, A; SIEBERT, R; WILLERS, C; SCHMIDTKE, K; TODT, B; VANDERHOUT, AH; BUYS, CHCM; HEPPELLPARTON, AC; RABBITTS, PH; UNGAR, S; SMITH, D; LEPASLIER, D; COHEN, D; OPALKA, B; SCHUTTE, J

    1995-01-01

    Human chromosomal region 3p12-p23 is proposed to harbor at least three tumor suppressor genes involved in the development of lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma, and other neoplasias. In order to identify one of these genes we defined sequence tagged sites (STSs) specific for 3p13-p24.2 by analyzing a

  5. DEPENDENCE OF ELECTRON-CAPTURE FROM NA-ASTERISK(3P) ON ORBITAL ALIGNMENT - A KINEMATIC EFFECT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SCHLATMANN, AR; MORGENSTERN, R

    1993-01-01

    Recent experimental data of electron capture into He+(4l) states from SIGMA and PI aligned Na*(3p) orbitals are interpreted. Calculations of the overlap integral of the initial Na*(3p) and the final He+(4l) wavefunctions in momentum space reproduce the velocity dependence of the measured cross secti

  6. STRONG VELOCITY DEPENDENCE OF ELECTRON-CAPTURE IN COLLISIONS BETWEEN ALIGNED NA-ASTERISK(3P) AND HE-2+

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    SCHLATMANN, AR; HOEKSTRA, R; MORGENSTERN, R; OLSON, RE; PASCALE, J

    1993-01-01

    By analyzing spectra of emitted photons, we have studied state-selective electron capture in collisions of He2+ on aligned Na*(3p) atoms that span the ''velocity-matching'' energy between projectile and target electron. We find a strong dependence of the capture cross sections on the Na*(3p) orbital

  7. Regulation of general amino acid permeases Gap1p, GATA transcription factors Gln3p and Gat1p on 2-phenylethanol biosynthesis via Ehrlich pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xianrui; Wang, Zhaoyue; Guo, Xuena; Liu, Sha; He, Xiuping

    2017-01-20

    In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, when l-phenylalanine (l-Phe) is used as the sole nitrogen source, 2-phenylethanol (PE) is mainly synthesized via the Ehrlich pathway. General amino acid permease Gap1p is response of aromatic amino acids transportation, and GATA transcription factors Gln3p and Gat1p regulate the transcription of permease gene and catabolic enzyme genes for nitrogen sources and aromatic amino acids utilization. In this study, it was demonstrated that over-expressing GLN3 gene from industrial yeast strain MT2 or S. cerevisiae haploid strain YS58, 2-PE synthesis levels of recombinant strains increased 54% or 40% than that of the control strain, which suggested that higher Gln3p activity in yeast has positive regulation effect on 2-PE biosynthesis via Ehrlich pathway. The recombinant strains with over-expression of GAT1 gene from MT2 or YS58 also up-regulated Ehrlich pathway for 2-PE biosynthesis and increased 2-PE production. Similarly, when GAP1 gene respectively from MT2 or YS58 was over-expressed, 2-PE yield was improved obviously, suggesting that GAP1 over-expressing in yeast also promoted Ehrlich pathway to produce 2-PE. The synergistic regulation of GLN3/GAT1 or GLN3/GAP1 over-expression was similar to that of single factor over-expression. Among these regulatory factors, Gln3p of industrial yeast strain MT2 caused stronger regulation on target genes than that of haploid strain YS58, which might be due to the differences in translational efficiency or nuclear localization of each Gln3p, or due to their different spatial structures and binding domains. Further results showed that efficient Gln3p expression in MT2 brought about higher 2-PE, 3.59gL(-1), which was of potential significant for commercial exploitation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Up-regulation of miR-370-3p restores glioblastoma multiforme sensitivity to temozolomide by influencing MGMT expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Yong-Tao; Chen, Xiao-Bing; Liu, Hong-Lin

    2016-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNA) are believed to play an important role in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)chemotherapy. Our study aims to investigate potential miRNA biomarkers in GBM. Sixty GBM patients, which were given temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy and recurrent radiotherapy, were recruited. miRNA array was performed in cancerous and in paired normal tissues. Microarray results were further validated by a quantitative real-time PCR in selected tissues and GBM cell lines. TMZ resistance cells were developed and cell proliferation along with colony formation assays was determined. Our study employed H2AX formation and flow cytometry to analyse the role of miRNA in DNA damage and apoptosis. Our study illustrated 16 miRNA in which 9 were up-regulated and 7 down-regulated. and their differential expression were demonstrated in a recurrent GBM tissue. Among them, miRNA-370-3p demonstrated the highest level of down- regulation in tissues and in TMZ resistance cells. miRNA-370-3p mimic increased its expression and sensitivity of GBM cells to TMZ by suppressing the self-reparative ability of tumour cell DNA. O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) was identified as the direct target gene of miR-370-3p, and it was found to be inversely correlated with miR-370-3p expression in tissue samples obtained. Thus, our study demonstrated a critical clinical role of an up-regulated miR-370-3p expression in glioblastoma multiforme chemotherapy sensitivity.

  9. miRNA array screening reveals cooperative MGMT-regulation between miR-181d-5p and miR-409-3p in glioblastoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalil, Susanna; Fabbri, Enrica; Santangelo, Alessandra; Bezzerri, Valentino; Cantù, Cinzia; Di Gennaro, Gianfranco; Finotti, Alessia; Ghimenton, Claudio; Eccher, Albino; Dechecchi, Maria; Scarpa, Aldo; Hirshman, Brian; Chen, Clark; Ferracin, Manuela; Negrini, Massimo; Gambari, Roberto; Cabrini, Giulio

    2016-05-10

    The levels of expression of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) are relevant in predicting the response to the alkylating chemotherapy in patients affected by glioblastoma. MGMT promoter methylation and the published MGMT regulating microRNAs (miRNAs) do not completely explain the expression pattern of MGMT in clinical glioblastoma specimens. Here we used a genome-wide microarray-based approach to identify MGMT regulating miRNAs. Our screen unveiled three novel MGMT regulating miRNAs, miR-127-3p, miR-409-3p, and miR-124-3p, in addition to the previously identified miR-181d-5p. Transfection of these three novel miRNAs into the T98G glioblastoma cell line suppressed MGMT mRNA and protein expression. However, their MGMT- suppressive effects are 30-50% relative that seen with miR-181d-5p transfection. In silico analyses of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) revealed that miR-181d-5p is the only miRNA that consistently exhibited inverse correlation with MGMT mRNA expression. However, statistical models incorporating both miR-181d-5p and miR-409-3p expression better predict MGMT expression relative to models involving either miRNA alone. Our results confirmed miR-181d-5p as the key MGMT-regulating miRNA. Other MGMT regulating miRNAs, including the miR-409-3p identified in this report, modify the effect of miR-181d-5p on MGMT expression. MGMT expression is, thus, regulated by cooperative interaction between key MGMT-regulating miRNAs.

  10. miR-337-3p and its targets STAT3 and RAP1A modulate taxane sensitivity in non-small cell lung cancers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liqin Du

    Full Text Available NSCLC (non-small cell lung cancer often exhibits resistance to paclitaxel treatment. Identifying the elements regulating paclitaxel response will advance efforts to overcome such resistance in NSCLC therapy. Using in vitro approaches, we demonstrated that over-expression of the microRNA miR-337-3p sensitizes NCI-H1155 cells to paclitaxel, and that miR-337-3p mimic has a general effect on paclitaxel response in NSCLC cell lines, which may provide a novel adjuvant strategy to paclitaxel in the treatment of lung cancer. By combining in vitro and in silico approaches, we identified STAT3 and RAP1A as direct targets that mediate the effect of miR-337-3p on paclitaxel sensitivity. Further investigation showed that miR-337-3p mimic also sensitizes cells to docetaxel, another member of the taxane family, and that STAT3 levels are significantly correlated with taxane resistance in lung cancer cell lines, suggesting that endogenous STAT3 expression is a determinant of intrinsic taxane resistance in lung cancer. The identification of a miR-337-3p as a modulator of cellular response to taxanes, and STAT3 and RAP1A as regulatory targets which mediate that response, defines a novel regulatory pathway modulating paclitaxel sensitivity in lung cancer cells, which may provide novel adjuvant strategies along with paclitaxel in the treatment of lung cancer and may also provide biomarkers for predicting paclitaxel response in NSCLC.

  11. MiR-216a-3p Inhibits the Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion of Human Gastric Cancer Cells via Targeting RUNX1 and Activating the NF-κB Signaling Pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yinfang; Zhang, Jun; Zheng, Yu; Ma, Cheng; Liu, Xing-E; Sun, Xiaodong

    2017-08-23

    This work aims to elucidate the effects and the potential underlying mechanisms of microRNA-216a-3p (miR-216a-3p) on proliferation, migration and invasion of gastric cancer (GC) cells. In this study, we revealed that the expression of miR-216a-3p was significantly elevated in GC tissues and cell lines. The different expression level of miR-216a-3p was firmly correlated with clinicopathological characteristics of GC patients. We next demonstrated that upregulation of miR-216a-3p could dramatically promote the ability of proliferation, migration and invasion of GC cells using a series of experiments, while downregulation essentially inhibited these properties. Additionally, through bioinformatics analysis and biological approaches, we confirmed that runt-related transcription factor1 (RUNX1) was a direct target of miR-216a-3p, and overexpression of RUNX1 could reverse the potential effect of miR-216a-3p on GC cells. Furthermore, mechanistic investigation using western blot analysis showed that downregulation of RUNX1 by miR-216a-3p could stimulate the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway. In summary, this work proved that miR-216a-3p can promote GC cell proliferation, migration and invasion via targeting RUNX1 and activating NF-κB signaling pathway. Therefore, miR-216a-3p/RUNX1 could be a conceivable treating molecular target for innovative therapeutic agents against GC.

  12. The expression pattern of miR-142-3p and miR-145-3p in rat tissues%大鼠miR-142-3p、miR-145-3p表达模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴慧; 赵宇龙; 王艳红; 房兴堂; 陈宏; 张春雷

    2016-01-01

    Objective To screen and identify the key miRNAs during mammary gland development and milk secretion of rats. Methods Gene U6 was taken as interior label gene by real time-PCR to compare the differences of expression levels of miR-142-3p and miR-145-3p in the mammary gland, liver, heart, spleen, lung, kidney, ovary and uterus after 21 postpartum. Moreover, the expressions of miR-142-3p and miR-145-3p in different stages (1, 7 and 21 d) of lactation were summarized. Results There was significant difference in miR-142-3p in lactation 21 d between different tissues. The expression of miR-142-3p was significantly higher in mammary gland than that in heart, spleen, lung, kidney, ovary and uterus tissues, which was second only to the expression in liver (P0.05). Furthermore, the relative expression level of miR-142-3p was continuing downward continued to decline in breast at different stages of lactation, while the relative expression level of miR-145-3p was up-regulated after down-regulating. Conclusion miR-142-3p and miR-145-3p are differentially expressed in different tissues and physiological periods in rats. In addition, miR-142-3p can regulate the growth of mammary gland and the formation of lactation by targeting prolactin receptor (Prlr), miR-145-3p may have the same function with miR-145 and miR-145-5p.%目的:筛选并鉴定对大鼠乳腺发育和泌乳调控起关键作用的微RNAs(miRNAs)。方法以U6为内参基因,运用实时荧光定量PCR,比较miR-142-3p、miR-145-3p在泌乳21 d大鼠乳腺、肝、心、脾、肺、肾、卵巢、子宫各器官的组织样品表达量的差异及不同泌乳阶段(1、7、21 d)乳腺组织miR-142-3p、miR-145-3p的表达规律。结果miR-142-3p在泌乳21 d各组织的表达存在差异,乳腺中的表达量显著高于心、脾、肺、肾、卵巢和子宫,仅次于肝中的表达量(P0.05)。乳腺组织在泌乳1、7、21 d比较,miR-142-3p的相对表达量持续下调,而miR-145-3p

  13. Transition probabilities and lifetimes of the low-lying levels of Fe XIV

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Jian-Zhong; Wang Qing-Min; Chang Zhi-Wei; Dong Chen-Zhong

    2012-01-01

    The multi-configuration Dirac-Fock method is employed to calculate the transition energies,probabilities,and oscillator strengths for electric dipole allowed (E1) and forbidden (M1,E2,M2) lines for the 3s23p,3s3p2,3s23d,3p3,and 3s3p3d configurations of Fe XIV.The lifetimes of all 40 levels of these low-lying configurations are also derived.The valence-valence and core-valence correlation effects are accounted for in a systematic way.Breit interactions and quantum electrodynamics (QED) effects are estimated in subsequent relativistic configuration interaction (CI)calculations.The present results are in good agreement with other available theoretical and experimental values,and therefore can be used for the further astrophysical investigations.

  14. Multifunctional g3p-peptide tag for current phage display systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckmann, C; Haase, B; Timmis, K N; Tesar, M

    1998-03-15

    We have previously described a monoclonal antibody (mAb), 10C3, directed against the gene-3 protein (g3p) of filamentous phage M13, which was produced to study g3p fusion protein expression in Escherichia coli and its incorporation in the phage capsid [Tesar, M., Beckmann, C., Röttgen, P., Haase, B., Faude, U., Timmis, K., 1995. Monoclonal antibody against pIII of filamentous phage: an immunological tool to study pIII fusion protein expression in phage display systems. Immunology 1, 53-54]. In this study we report mapping of the antigenic epitope of the mAb 10C3, by means of short overlapping peptide-sequences [Frank, R., Overwin, H., 1996. Spot synthesis. In: Morris, G.E. (Ed.), Methods in Molecular Biology, Vol. 66: Epitope Mapping Protocols. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 149-169.] comprising the C-terminal half of the g3-protein. A minimal recognizable peptide was found which is represented in the 11 amino acid sequence from positions 292 to 302 of g3p [Wezenbeek van, P.M.G.P., Hulsebos, T.J.M., Schoenmakers, J.G.G., 1980. Nucleotide sequence of the filamentous bacteriophage M13 DNA genome: comparison with phage fd. Gene 11, 129-148]. In order to use the antibody also for detection and purification of recombinant proteins, such as single chain antibodies, the epitope was introduced as a tag sequence into the phagemid pHEN1 [Hoogenboom, H.R., Griffith, A.D., Johnson, K., Chiswell, D.J., Hudson, P., Winter, G., 1991. Multi-subunit proteins on the surface of the filamentous phage: methodologies for displaying antibody (Fab) heavy and light chains. Nucleic Acid Res. 19, 4133-4137; Nissim, A., Hoogenboom, H.R., Tomlinson, I.M., Flynn, G., Midgley, C., Lane, D., Winter, G., 1994. Antibody fragments from a single pot phage display library as immunochemical reagents. EMBO J. 13 (3) 692-698]. Purified single chain antibodies containing this tag were detectable down to a concentration of 2 ng ml(-1) under non-denaturing conditions (ELISA) or 4 ng per lane on immunoblots

  15. Inner Core Rotation from Geomagnetic Westward Drift and a Stationary Spherical Vortex in Earth's Core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voorhies, C. V.

    1999-01-01

    The idea that geomagnetic westward drift indicates convective leveling of the planetary momentum gradient within Earth's core is pursued in search of a differentially rotating mean state, upon which various oscillations and secular effects might be superimposed. The desired state conforms to roughly spherical boundary conditions, minimizes dissipative interference with convective cooling in the bulk of the core, yet may aide core cooling by depositing heat in the uppermost core and lower mantle. The variational calculus of stationary dissipation applied to a spherical vortex within the core yields an interesting differential rotation profile akin to spherical Couette flow bounded by thin Hartmann layers. Four boundary conditions are required. To concentrate shear induced dissipation near the core-mantle boundary, these are taken to be: (i) no-slip at the core-mantle interface; (ii) geomagnetically estimated bulk westward flow at the base of the core-mantle boundary layer; (iii) no-slip at the inner-outer core interface; and, to describe magnetic locking of the inner core to the deep outer core, (iv) hydrodynamically stress-free at the inner-outer core boundary. By boldly assuming the axial core angular momentum anomaly to be zero, the super-rotation of the inner core is calculated to be at most 1.5 degrees per year.

  16. Functional Screening of Core Promoter Activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Even, Dan Y; Kedmi, Adi; Ideses, Diana; Juven-Gershon, Tamar

    2017-01-01

    The core promoter is the DNA sequence that recruits the basal transcription machinery and directs accurate initiation of transcription. It is an active contributor to gene expression that can be rationally designed to manipulate the levels of expression. Core promoter function can be analyzed using different experimental approaches. Here, we describe the qualitative and quantitative analysis of engineered core promoter functions using the EGFP reporter gene that is driven by distinct core promoters. Expression plasmids are transfected into different mammalian cell lines, and the resulting fluorescence is monitored by live cell imaging , as well as by flow cytometry. In order to verify that the transcriptional activity of the examined core promoters is indeed a function of their activity, as opposed to differences in DNA uptake, real-time quantitative PCR analysis is performed. Importantly, the described methodology for functional screening of core promoter activity has enabled the analysis of engineered potent core promoters for extended time periods.

  17. miR-224-3p inhibits autophagy in cervical cancer cells by targeting FIP200

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Wang; Shu, Shan; Yongmei, Li; Endong, Zhu; Lirong, Yin; Bei, Sun

    2016-01-01

    Cervical cancer (CC) is a malignant solid tumor, which is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in women. Persistent High-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) infection is closely related to cervical cancer and autophagy has been suggested to inhibit viral infections. miRNAs have been reported to regulate autophagy in many solid tumors with many studies implicating miR-224-3p in the regulation of autophagy. In this study, we performed a miRNA microarray analysis on CC tissues and found that a large number of miRNAs with differential expressions in hrHPV-infected tissues. We identified miR-224-3p as a candidate miRNA selectively up regulated in HPV-infected tissues and cell lines. Further analysis revealed that miR-224-3p regulates autophagy in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. While the overexpression of miR-224-3p inhibits autophagy in HPV-infected cells, knocking down endogenous miR-224-3p increases autophagy activity in the same cells. In addition, we found that miR-224-3p directly inhibits the expression of autophagy related gene, FAK family-interacting protein of 200 kDa (FIP200). In summary, we found that miR-224-3p regulates autophagy in hrHPV-induced cervical cancer cells through targeting FIP200 expression. PMID:27615604

  18. miR-142-3p Contributes to Early Cardiac Fate Decision of Embryonic Stem Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhong-Yan Chen

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available MicroRNAs (miRNAs play important roles in cell fate decisions. However, the miRNAs and their targets involved in the regulation of cardiac lineage specification are largely unexplored. Here, we report novel functions of miR-142-3p in the regulation of cardiomyocyte differentiation from mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs. With a miRNA array screen, we identified a number of miRNAs significantly changed during mESC differentiation into the mesodermal and cardiac progenitor cells, and miR-142-3p was one among the markedly downregulated miRNAs. Ectopic expression and inhibition of miR-142-3p did not alter the characteristics of undifferentiated ESCs, whereas ectopic expression of miR-142-3p impaired cardiomyocyte formation. In addition, ectopic expression of miR-142-3p inhibited the expression of a cardiac mesodermal marker gene Mesp1 and downstream cardiac transcription factors Nkx2.5, Tbx5, and Mef2c but not the expression of three germ layer-specific genes. We further demonstrated that miR-142-3p targeted the 3′-untranslated region of Mef2c. These results reveal miR-142-3p as an important regulator of early cardiomyocyte differentiation. Our findings provide new knowledge for further understanding of roles and mechanisms of miRNAs as critical regulators of cardiomyocyte differentiation.

  19. MicroRNA-338-3p suppresses tumor growth of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma in vitro and in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xinyu; Li, Zhihong; Yang, Guiyun; Pan, Zhenxiang

    2015-09-01

    Accumulating evidence has shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) are aberrantly expressed in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and are crucial in tumorigenesis, among which miR‑338‑3p has been examined to be downregulated in patients with ESCC. However, the role of miR‑338‑3p in ESCC remains to be elucidated. In the present study, the role of miR‑338‑3p on the growth and survival of an ESCC cell line was determined with several in vitro approaches and in nude mouse models. It was determined that miR‑338‑3p expression was frequently downregulated in ESCC tissue compared with corresponding adjacent non‑tumor tissue, and that its expression was significantly correlated with tumor stage and metastasis. Overexpression of miR‑338‑3p in ESCC cells suppressed cell proliferation, colony formation, migration and invasion, and induced cell arrest at the G0/G1 stage and cell apoptosis in vitro. In addition, it was demonstrated that overexpression of miR‑338‑3p significantly suppresses tumor growth of xenograft tumors in mice (PESCC, and its dysregulation may be involved in the initiation and development of human ESCC. In addition, it was suggested that miR‑338‑3p may be a potential therapeutic agent for treatment of ESCC.

  20. Functional expression of pig renal organic anion transporter 3 (pOAT3).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagos, Yohannes; Braun, Isabella M; Krick, Wolfgang; Burckhardt, Gerhard; Bahn, Andrew

    2005-05-01

    With the cloning of pig renal organic anion transporter 1 (pOAT1) (Biochimie 84 (2002) 1219) we set up a model system for comparative studies of cloned and natively isolated membrane located transport proteins. Meanwhile, another transport protein involved in p-aminohippurate (PAH) uptake on the basolateral side of the proximal tubule cells was identified, designated organic anion transporter 3 (OAT3). To explore the contribution of pOAT1 to the PAH clearance in comparison to OAT3, it was the aim of this study to extend our model by cloning of the pig ortholog of OAT3. Sequence comparisons of human organic anion transporter 3 (hOAT3) with the expressed sequence tag (EST) database revealed a clone and partial sequence of the pig renal organic anion transporter 3 (pOAT3) ortholog. Sequencing of the entire open reading frame resulted in a protein of 543 amino acid residues encoded by 1632 base pairs (EMBL Acc. No. AJ587003). It showed high homologies of 81%, 80%, 76%, and 77% to the human, rabbit, rat, and mouse OAT3, respectively. A functional characterization of pOAT3 in Xenopus laevis oocytes yielded an apparent Km (Kt) for [3H]estrone sulfate of 7.8 +/- 1.3 microM. Moreover, pOAT3 mediated [3H]estrone sulfate uptake was almost abolished by 0.5 mM of glutarate, dehydroepiandosterone sulfate, or probenecid consistent with the hallmarks of OAT3 function.

  1. Theoretical investigation of hyperthermal reactions at the gas-liquid interface: O (3P) and squalane.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Dongwook; Schatz, George C

    2007-06-14

    Hyperthermal collisions (5 eV) of ground-state atomic oxygen [O ((3)P)] with a liquid-saturated hydrocarbon, squalane (C(30)H(62)), have been studied using QM/MM hybrid "on-the-fly" direct dynamics. The surface structure of the liquid squalane is obtained from a classical molecular dynamics simulation using the OPLS-AA force field. The MSINDO semiempirical Hamiltonian is combined with OPLS-AA for the QM/MM calculations. In order to achieve a more consistent and efficient simulation of the collisions, we implemented a dynamic partitioning of the QM and MM atoms in which atoms are assigned to QM or MM regions based on their proximity to "seed" (open-shell) atoms that determine where bond making/breaking can occur. In addition, the number of seed atoms is allowed to increase or decrease as time evolves so that multiple reactive events can be described. The results show that H abstraction is the most important process for all incident angles, with H elimination, double H abstraction, and C-C bond cleavage also being important. A number of properties of these reactive channels, as well as inelastic nonreactive scattering, are investigated, including angular and translational energy distributions, the effect of incident collision angle, variation with depth of the reactive event within the liquid, with the reaction site on the hydrocarbon, and the effect of dynamics before and after reaction (direct reaction versus trapping reaction-desorption).

  2. Dynamics of interfacial reactions between O(3 P) atoms and long-chain liquid hydrocarbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allan, Mhairi; Bagot, Paul A. J.; Köhler, Sven P. K.; Reed, Stewart K.; Westacott, Robin E.; Costen, Matthew L.; McKendrick, Kenneth G.

    2007-09-01

    Recent progress that has been made towards understanding the dynamics of collisions at the gas-liquid interface is summarized briefly. We describe in this context a promising new approach to the experimental study of gas-liquid interfacial reactions that we have introduced. This is based on laser-photolytic production of reactive gas-phase atoms above the liquid surface and laser-spectroscopic probing of the resulting nascent products. This technique is illustrated for reaction of O(3P) atoms at the surface of the long-chain liquid hydrocarbon squalane (2,6,10,15,19,23-hexamethyltetracosane). Laser-induced fluorescence detection of the nascent OH has revealed mechanistically diagnostic correlations between its internal and translational energy distributions. Vibrationally excited OH molecules are able to escape the surface. At least two contributions to the product rotational distributions are identified, confirming and extending previous hypotheses of the participation of both direct and trapping-desorption mechanisms. We speculate briefly on future experimental and theoretical developments that might be necessary to address the many currently unanswered mechanistic questions for this, and other, classes of gas-liquid interfacial reaction.

  3. Join the CERN ISEF special award winners | 16 June - 3 p.m.

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Come and join the CERN ISEF special award winners at their lightning talks session on 16 June at 3.00 p.m. in the main auditorium.   The 2016 Intel ISEF CERN special award winners on stage with the selection committee on 17 May 2016 in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. (Picture: Society for Science and the Public) Between 11 and 17 June 2016, the ten finalists of the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF) who won the CERN Special Award, will visit CERN to partake in various educational lectures. ISEF is the world's largest international pre-college science competition, with approximately 1,700 high school students from more than 75 countries taking part. They will present their projects in short 5 minutes lightning talks' sessions at the main auditorium on Thursday 16 June at 3 p.m. The award winners would be also very happy to have a chance to interact and discuss with you af...

  4. Precision frequency measurement of 1S0-3P1 intercombination lines of Sr isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hui; Gao, Feng; Ye-Bing, Wang; Xiao, Tian; Jie, Ren; Ben-Quan, Lu; Qin-Fang, Xu; Yu-Lin, Xie; Hong, Chang

    2015-01-01

    We report on frequency measurement of the intercombination (5s2)1S0-(5s5p)3P1 transition of the four natural isotopes of strontium, including 88Sr (82.58%), 87Sr (7.0%), 86Sr (9.86%), and 84Sr (0.56%). A narrow-linewidth laser that is locked to an ultra-low expansion (ULE) optical cavity with a finesse of 12000 is evaluated at a linewidth of 200 Hz with a fractional frequency drift of 2.8×10-13 at an integration time of 1 s. The fluorescence collector and detector are specially designed, based on a thermal atomic beam. Using a double-pass acousto-optic modulator (AOM) combined with a fiber and laser power stabilization configuration to detune the laser frequency enables high signal-to-noise ratios and precision saturated spectra to be obtained for the six transition lines, which allows us to determine the transition frequency precisely. The optical frequency is measured using an optical frequency synthesizer referenced to an H maser. Both the statistical values and the final values, including the corrections and uncertainties, are derived for a comparison with the values given in other works. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61127901) and the Key Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. KJZD-EW-W02).

  5. k-core covers and the core

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sanchez-Rodriguez, E.; Borm, Peter; Estevez-Fernandez, A.; Fiestras-Janeiro, G.; Mosquera, M.A.

    2015-01-01

    This paper extends the notion of individual minimal rights for a transferable utility game (TU-game) to coalitional minimal rights using minimal balanced families of a specific type, thus defining a corresponding minimal rights game. It is shown that the core of a TU-game coincides with the core of

  6. Academic Rigor: The Core of the Core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, Judy

    2013-01-01

    Some educators see the Common Core State Standards as reason for stress, most recognize the positive possibilities associated with them and are willing to make the professional commitment to implementing them so that academic rigor for all students will increase. But business leaders, parents, and the authors of the Common Core are not the only…

  7. k-core covers and the core

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sanchez-Rodriguez, E.; Borm, Peter; Estevez-Fernandez, A.; Fiestras-Janeiro, G.; Mosquera, M.A.

    This paper extends the notion of individual minimal rights for a transferable utility game (TU-game) to coalitional minimal rights using minimal balanced families of a specific type, thus defining a corresponding minimal rights game. It is shown that the core of a TU-game coincides with the core of

  8. Observation of H displacement and H2 elimination channels in the reaction of O(3P) with 1-butene from crossed beams and theoretical studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caracciolo, Adriana; Vanuzzo, Gianmarco; Balucani, Nadia; Stranges, Domenico; Cavallotti, Carlo; Casavecchia, Piergiorgio

    2017-09-01

    We report preliminary combined experimental/theoretical results on O(3P) + 1-butene reaction dynamics with focus on atomic hydrogen displacement and molecular hydrogen elimination channels. Dynamics and relative yield of the ethylvinoxy + H and ethylketene + H2 product channels are characterized in crossed beam experiments. Stationary points and energetics of triplet/singlet C4H8O potential energy surfaces (PESs) are calculated at CCSD(T)/CBS and CASPT2 level. O(3P) attack occurs on both unsaturated C-atoms with preference for the less substituted one leading, among other products, to C2H5CHCHO + H via an exit barrier on the triplet PES, and to C2H5CHCO + H2 via a very high exit barrier on the singlet PES following intersystem crossing.

  9. By inhibiting snail signaling and miR-23a-3p, osthole suppresses the EMT-mediated metastatic ability in prostate cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Yu-Ching; Lee, Wei-Jiunn; Tan, Peng; Yang, Shun-Fa; Hsiao, Michael; Lee, Liang-Ming; Chien, Ming-Hsien

    2015-08-28

    Here we showed that Osthole, 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl) coumarin, a bioactive coumarin derivative extracted from medicinal plants, inhibited migration, invasion, epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in androgen-independent prostate cancer (AIPC) cells in vitro and metastasis of AIPC in vivo. In patients, high Snail levels were correlated with a higher histological Gleason sum and poor survival rates. Osthole inhibited the TGF-β/Akt/MAPK pathways, reduced Snail-DNA-binding activity and induced E-cadherin. We found that osthole decreased miR-23a-3p. Ectopic miR-23a-3p suppressed E-cadherin 3' untranslated region reporter activity and E-cadherin expression, and relieved the motility suppression caused by osthole treatment.

  10. Measurement of Integrated Stokes Parameters for He 3 3p State Excited by Spin-Polarized Electrons

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Hai-Bing; PANG Wen-Ning; LIU Yi-Bao; SHANG Ren-Cheng

    2005-01-01

    @@ Integrated Stokes parameters Pi (i = 1, 2, 3) for the He 3 3p → 2 3S1 (388.9nm) transition after excitation from the ground state to the 3 3 P state by a transversely spin-polarized electron beam are measured in near threshold energy region. The experimental results are presented. The linear-polarization P2 are consistent with zero over the incident energy range, providing evidence for the LS coupling mechanism of the 3 3P state. The measured circular polarization P3 are non-zero, indicating strong electron-electron exchange effects in the spin-polarized electron-atom collision process.

  11. Theoretical study on the degradation reaction of octachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin with atomic oxygen O((3)P) in dielectric barrier discharge reactor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Chen; Sun, Xiaomin; Zhang, Chenxi; Hu, Jingtian; Qi, Chuansong

    2014-11-01

    Dielectric barrier discharges (DBD) have been used in the degradation of dioxins due to the large number of excimers and free radicals produced in discharge process. In this article, the density functional theory (DFT) is used to study the degradation mechanism of octachlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (OCDD) with the atomic oxygen O((3)P) in DBD reactor. The reactants, intermediates, transition states and products are optimized at the MPWB1K/6-31+G(d,p) level. The vibrational frequencies have been calculated at the same level. The reaction pathways and mechanisms are analyzed in detail. The effect of removing the chlorine atom on environment also has been discussed.

  12. 多通道反应O(3P)+CH2F的理论研究%Vibrational Mode Analysis for the Multi-channel Reactions of O(3P) with CH2F

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹小龙; 郭丽

    2004-01-01

    用密度泛函理论研究了氧原子与氟代甲基自由基的反应.反应中出现的所有物种的平衡构型用B3LYP方法在6-311++G(2 d,2p)基组水平上进行了优化,同时对各物种进行了频率分析;在同一理论水平上计算了各反应通道的势能面变化,分析了反应物、中间体、过渡态、产物的振动模式随反应途径的变化关系,阐明了该多通道反应的反应机理.%All species involved in the multi-channel reaction of an oxygen atom with a fluorinated methyl radical have been investigated using density functional theory (DFT) . The geometries of the reactants, intermediates, transition states and products are optimized at the B3LYP/6-311 + + G(2 d, 2p) level. The potential energy surface for this reaction is calculated at the same level of theory. Various possible production channels involved in the reaction of O(3 P) +CH2F are examined. The vibrational mode analysis is used to elucidate the relationship between the transition states, intermediates and the products. The extensive investigation shows that the reaction mechanism is reliable.

  13. The human core exosome interacts with differentially localized processive RNases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomecki, Rafal; Kristiansen, Maiken Søndergaard; Lykke-Andersen, Søren

    2010-01-01

    from the associated subunits Dis3p (Rrp44p) and Rrp6p. The former is a nuclear and cytoplasmic RNase II/R-like enzyme, which possesses both processive exo- and endonuclease activities, whereas the latter is a distributive RNase D-like nuclear exonuclease. Although the exosome core is highly conserved...

  14. Theoretical investigations of α,α,α-trifluoro-3, -p and o-nitrotoluene by means of density functional theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, G; Senol, S D; Dogruer, M; Ozturk, O; Senol, A; Tasci, A T; Terzioglu, C

    2012-01-01

    This study reports the optimized molecular structures, vibrational frequencies including Infrared intensities and Raman activities, corresponding vibrational assignments, (1)H and (13)C NMR chemical shifts, the magnitudes of the JCH and JCC coupling constants, Ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectra, thermodynamic properties and atomic charges of the title compounds, α,α,α-trifluoro-3, -p and o-nitrotoluene, in the ground state by means of the density functional theory (DFT) with the standard B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) method and basis set combination for the first time. Theoretical vibrational spectra were interpreted by normal coordinate analysis based on scaled density functional force field. The results show that the vibrational frequencies and chemical shifts calculated were obtained to be in good agreement with the experimental data. Based on the comparison between experimental results and theoretical data, the calculation level chosen is powerful approach for understanding the identification of all the molecules studied. In addition, not only were frontier molecular orbitals (HOMO and LUMO), molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) and electrostatic potential (ESP) simulated but also the dipole moment, softness, electronegativity, chemical hardness, electrophilicity index, transition state and energy band gap values were predicted. According to the investigations, all compounds were found to be useful to bond metallically and interact intermolecularly; however, the thermodynamic properties confirm that the α,α,α-trifluoro-p-nitrotoluene was more reactive and more polar than the others.

  15. Theoretical investigations of α,α,α-trifluoro-3, -p and o-nitrotoluene by means of density functional theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, G.; Senol, S. D.; Dogruer, M.; Ozturk, O.; Senol, A.; Tasci, A. T.; Terzioglu, C.

    2012-01-01

    This study reports the optimized molecular structures, vibrational frequencies including Infrared intensities and Raman activities, corresponding vibrational assignments, 1H and 13C NMR chemical shifts, the magnitudes of the JCH and JCC coupling constants, Ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectra, thermodynamic properties and atomic charges of the title compounds, α,α,α-trifluoro-3, -p and o-nitrotoluene, in the ground state by means of the density functional theory (DFT) with the standard B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) method and basis set combination for the first time. Theoretical vibrational spectra were interpreted by normal coordinate analysis based on scaled density functional force field. The results show that the vibrational frequencies and chemical shifts calculated were obtained to be in good agreement with the experimental data. Based on the comparison between experimental results and theoretical data, the calculation level chosen is powerful approach for understanding the identification of all the molecules studied. In addition, not only were frontier molecular orbitals (HOMO and LUMO), molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) and electrostatic potential (ESP) simulated but also the dipole moment, softness, electronegativity, chemical hardness, electrophilicity index, transition state and energy band gap values were predicted. According to the investigations, all compounds were found to be useful to bond metallically and interact intermolecularly; however, the thermodynamic properties confirm that the α,α,α-trifluoro-p-nitrotoluene was more reactive and more polar than the others.

  16. Kinetics of the benzyl + O(3P) reaction: a quantum chemical/statistical reaction rate theory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Gabriel; Bozzelli, Joseph W

    2012-12-14

    The resonance stabilized benzyl radical is an important intermediate in the combustion of aromatic hydrocarbons and in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) formation in flames. Despite being a free radical, benzyl is relatively stable in thermal, oxidizing environments, and is predominantly removed through bimolecular reactions with open-shell species other than O(2). In this study the reaction of benzyl with ground-state atomic oxygen, O((3)P), is examined using quantum chemistry and statistical reaction rate theory. C(7)H(7)O energy surfaces are generated at the G3SX level, and include several novel pathways. Transition state theory is used to describe elementary reaction kinetics, with canonical variational transition state theory applied for barrierless O atom association with benzyl. Apparent rate constants and branching ratios to different product sets are obtained as a function of temperature and pressure from solving the time-dependent master equation, with RRKM theory for microcanonical k(E). These simulations indicate that the benzyl + O reaction predominantly forms the phenyl radical (C(6)H(5)) plus formaldehyde (HCHO), with lesser quantities of the C(7)H(6)O products benzaldehyde, ortho-quinone methide, and para-quinone methide (+H), along with minor amounts of the formyl radical (HCO) + benzene. Addition of O((3)P) to the methylene site in benzyl produces a highly vibrationally excited C(7)H(7)O* adduct, the benzoxyl radical, which can β-scission to benzaldehyde + H and phenyl + HCHO. In order to account for the experimental observation of benzene as the major reaction product, a roaming radical mechanism is proposed that converts the nascent products phenyl and HCHO to benzene + HCO. Oxygen atom addition at the ortho and para ring sites in benzyl, which has not been previously considered, is shown to lead to the quinone methides + H; these species are less-stable isomers of benzaldehyde that are proposed as important combustion intermediates, but

  17. Drilling history core hole DC-8

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-10-01

    Core hole DC-8 was completed in August, 1978 by Boyles Brothers Drilling Company, Spokane, Washington, under subcontract to Fenix and Scission, Inc. The hole was cored for the US Department of Energy and the Rockwell Hanford Operations' Basalt Waste Isolation Program. Fenix and Scisson, Inc. furnished the engineering, daily supervision of the core drilling activities, and geologic core logging for hole DC-8. Core hole DC-8 is located on the Hanford Site near the Wye Barricade and 50 feet northwest of rotary hole DC-7. The Hanford Site vation coordinates for DC-8 are North 14,955.94 feet and West 14,861.92 coordinates for DC-8 are North 14,955.94 feet and West 14,861.92 mean sea level. The purpose of core hole DC-8 was to core drill vertically through the basalt and interbed units for stratigraphic depth determination and core collection, and to provide a borehole for hydrologic testing and cross-hole seismic shear and pressure wave velocity studies with rotary hole DC-7. The total depth of core hole DC-8 was 4100.5 feet. Core recovery exceeded 97 percent of the total footage cored.

  18. Repression of Toll-like receptor-4 by microRNA-149-3p is associated with smoking-related COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen W

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Wen Shen,1,* Jia Liu,2,* Guohou Zhao,1 Minjuan Fan,1 Gao Song,3 Yang Zhang,1 Zhiying Weng,3 You Zhang4 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, 2Department of Experimental Zoology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, 3School of Pharmaceutical Science, Kunming Medical University, 4Department of Hematology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan Province, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Smoking is the leading cause of COPD. Exploring molecular markers and understanding the pathogenic mechanisms of smoking-related COPD are helpful for early clinical diagnosis and treatment of the disease. This study aims to identify specific circulating microRNAs (miRNAs from the blood of COPD patients with a long history of smoking.Methods: Blood samples from four different groups were collected, and miRNA microarray was performed. Differential expression of miRNAs was verified by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. In vitro, THP-1 cells were cultured and stimulated with cigarette smoke extract (CSE or transfected with miR-149-3p inhibitor/mimics. Protein levels of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4 and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB were detected using Western blot and immunofluorescence. Interleukin (IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α levels were determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results: miRNA profiling revealed that the expression of 56 miRNAs was changed between the four groups. Expression of miR-149-3p in group C (non-smoker non-COPD was higher than in group S (smoker non-COPD, S-COPD (smoker with stable COPD and AE-COPD (smoker with acute exacerbation COPD. CSE stimulation down-regulated the expression of miR-149-3p and up-regulated the TLR-4 and NF-κB levels in THP-1 cells. Transfecting miR-149-3p inhibitors in THP-1 cells also increased the expression of its target genes. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-149-3p inhibited

  19. Modelling the biogeochemical cycle of silicon in soils using the reactive transport code MIN3P

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerard, F.; Mayer, K. U.; Hodson, M. J.; Meunier, J.

    2006-12-01

    We investigated the biogeochemical cycling of Si in an acidic brown soil covered by a coniferous forest (Douglas fir) based on a comprehensive data set and reactive transport modelling. Both published and original data enable us to make up a conceptual model on which the development of a numerical model is based. We modified the reactive transport code MIN3P, which solves thermodynamic and kinetic reactions coupled with vadose zone flow and solute transport. Simulations were performed for a one-dimensional heterogeneous soil profile and were constrained by observed data including daily soil temperature, plant transpiration, throughfall, and dissolved Si in solutions collected beneath the organic layer. Reactive transport modelling was first used to test the validity of the hypothesis that a dynamic balance between Si uptake by plants and release by weathering controls aqueous Si-concentrations. We were able to calibrate the model quite accurately by stepwise adjustment of the relevant parameters. The capability of the model to predict Si-concentrations was good. Mass balance calculations indicate that only 40% of the biogeochemical cycle of Si is controlled by weathering and that about 60% of Si-cycling is related to biological processes (i.e. Si uptake by plants and dissolution of biogenic Si). Such a large contribution of biological processes was not anticipated considering the temperate climate regime, but may be explained by the high biomass productivity of the planted coniferous species. The large contribution of passive Si-uptake by vegetation permits the conservation of seasonal concentration variations caused by temperature-induced weathering, although the modelling suggests that the latter process was of lesser importance relative to biological Si-cycling.

  20. External lipid PI3P mediates entry of eukaryotic pathogen effectors into plant and animal host cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kale, Shiv D; Gu, Biao; Capelluto, Daniel G S; Dou, Daolong; Feldman, Emily; Rumore, Amanda; Arredondo, Felipe D; Hanlon, Regina; Fudal, Isabelle; Rouxel, Thierry; Lawrence, Christopher B; Shan, Weixing; Tyler, Brett M

    2010-07-23

    Pathogens of plants and animals produce effector proteins that are transferred into the cytoplasm of host cells to suppress host defenses. One type of plant pathogens, oomycetes, produces effector proteins with N-terminal RXLR and dEER motifs that enable entry into host cells. We show here that effectors of another pathogen type, fungi, contain functional variants of the RXLR motif, and that the oomycete and fungal RXLR motifs enable binding to the phospholipid, phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PI3P). We find that PI3P is abundant on the outer surface of plant cell plasma membranes and, furthermore, on some animal cells. All effectors could also enter human cells, suggesting that PI3P-mediated effector entry may be very widespread in plant, animal and human pathogenesis. Entry into both plant and animal cells involves lipid raft-mediated endocytosis. Blocking PI3P binding inhibited effector entry, suggesting new therapeutic avenues.

  1. Theoretical study on the two-band degenerate-gaps superconductors: Application to SrPt3P

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Hai; Hou, Li-Chao; Zhao, Bin-Peng

    2016-09-01

    We study the magnetic properties of two-band degenerate-gaps superconductors with two-band isotropic Ginzburg-Landau theory. The exact solutions of upper critical field and London penetration depth are obtained, and the calculations reproduce the experimental data of the recently observed superconducting crystal SrPt3P in a broad temperature range. It directly underlies that SrPt3P is a multi-band superconductor with equal gaps in two Fermi surface sheets.

  2. Contribution of Intronic miR-338-3p and Its Hosting Gene AATK to Compensatory β-Cell Mass Expansion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacovetti, Cécile; Jimenez, Veronica; Ayuso, Eduard; Laybutt, Ross; Peyot, Marie-Line; Prentki, Marc; Bosch, Fatima; Regazzi, Romano

    2015-05-01

    The elucidation of the mechanisms directing β-cell mass regeneration and maintenance is of interest, because the deficit of β-cell mass contributes to diabetes onset and progression. We previously found that the level of the microRNA (miRNA) miR-338-3p is decreased in pancreatic islets from rodent models displaying insulin resistance and compensatory β-cell mass expansion, including pregnant rats, diet-induced obese mice, and db/db mice. Transfection of rat islet cells with oligonucleotides that specifically block miR-338-3p activity increased the fraction of proliferating β-cells in vitro and promoted survival under proapoptotic conditions without affecting the capacity of β-cells to release insulin in response to glucose. Here, we evaluated the role of miR-338-3p in vivo by injecting mice with an adeno-associated viral vector permitting specific sequestration of this miRNA in β-cells. We found that the adeno-associated viral construct increased the fraction of proliferating β-cells confirming the data obtained in vitro. miR-338-3p is generated from an intron of the gene coding for apoptosis-associated tyrosine kinase (AATK). Similarly to miR-338-3p, we found that AATK is down-regulated in rat and human islets and INS832/13 β-cells in the presence of the cAMP-raising agents exendin-4, estradiol, and a G-protein-coupled Receptor 30 agonist. Moreover, AATK expression is reduced in islets of insulin resistant animal models and selective silencing of AATK in INS832/13 cells by RNA interference promoted β-cell proliferation. The results point to a coordinated reduction of miR-338-3p and AATK under insulin resistance conditions and provide evidence for a cooperative action of the miRNA and its hosting gene in compensatory β-cell mass expansion.

  3. The − 5 A/G single-nucleotide polymorphism in the core promoter region of MT2A and its effect on allele-specific gene expression and Cd, Zn and Cu levels in laryngeal cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Starska, Katarzyna, E-mail: katarzyna.starska@umed.lodz.pl [I Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology, Medical University of Łódź, Kopcinskiego 22, 90-153 Łódź (Poland); Krześlak, Anna; Forma, Ewa [Department of Cytobiochemistry, University of Łódź, Pomorska 142/143, 90-236 Łódź (Poland); Olszewski, Jurek [II Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology, Medical University of Łódź, Żeromskiego 113, 90-549 Łódź (Poland); Morawiec-Sztandera, Alina [Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of Łódź, Paderewskiego 4, 93-509 Łódź (Poland); Aleksandrowicz, Paweł [Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology, Medical University of Lublin, Jaczewskiego 8, 20-954 Lublin (Poland); Lewy-Trenda, Iwona [Department of Pathology, Medical University of Łódź, Pomorska 251, 92-213 Łódź (Poland); and others

    2014-10-15

    Metallothioneins (MTs) are low molecular weight, cysteine-rich heavy metal-binding proteins which participate in the mechanisms of Zn homeostasis, and protect against toxic metals. MTs contain metal-thiolate cluster groups and suppress metal toxicity by binding to them. The aim of this study was to determine the − 5 A/G (rs28366003) single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the core promoter region of the MT2A gene and to investigate its effect on allele-specific gene expression and Cd, Zn and Cu content in squamous cell laryngeal cancer (SCC) and non-cancerous laryngeal mucosa (NCM) as a control. The MT2A promoter region − 5 A/G SNP was determined by restriction fragment length polymorphism using 323 SCC and 116 NCM. MT2A gene analysis was performed by quantitative real-time PCR. The frequency of A allele carriage was 94.2% and 91.8% in SCC and NCM, respectively, while G allele carriage was detected in 5.8% and 8.2% of SCC and NCM samples, respectively. As a result, a significant association was identified between the − 5 A/G SNP in the MT2A gene with mRNA expression in both groups. Metal levels were analyzed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The significant differences were identified between A/A and both the A/G and G/G genotypes, with regard to the concentration of the contaminating metal. The Spearman rank correlation results showed that the MT2A expression and Cd, Zn, Cu levels were negatively correlated. Results obtained in this study suggest that − 5 A/G SNP in MT2A gene may have an effect on allele-specific gene expression and accumulation of metal levels in laryngeal cancer. - Highlights: • MT2A gene expression and metal content in laryngeal cancer tissues • Association between SNP (rs28366003) and expression of MT2A • Significant associations between the SNP and Cd, Zn and Cu levels • Negative correlation between MT2A gene expression and Cd, Zn and Cu levels.

  4. MiR-525-3p enhances the migration and invasion of liver cancer cells by downregulating ZNF395.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fei Pang

    Full Text Available Liver cancer is one of leading causes of cancer-related deaths. A deeper mechanistic understanding of liver cancer could lead to the development of more effective therapeutic strategies. In our previous work, we screened 646 miRNAs and identified 11 that regulate liver cancer cell migration. The current study shows that miR-525-3p is frequently up-regulated in liver cancer tissues, and enhanced expression of miR-525-3p can promote liver cancer cell migration and invasion. Zinc finger protein 395 (ZNF395 is the direct functional target gene for miR-525-3p, and it is frequently down-regulated in liver cancer tissues. High expression of ZNF395 can significantly inhibit while knockdown of ZNF395 expression can markedly enhance the migration and invasion of liver cancer cells, suggesting that ZNF395 suppresses metastasis in liver cancer. Down-regulation of ZNF395 can mediate miR-525-3p induced liver cancer cell migration and invasion. In conclusion, miR-525-3p promotes liver cancer cell migration and invasion by directly targeting ZNF395, and the fact that miR-525-3p and ZNF395 both play important roles in liver cancer progression makes them potential therapeutic targets.

  5. Radiationless S 1 → S 0 phenyl deactivation pathway: an investigation of iodine-marked bi-phenyl on a silicon surface by means of time resolved core-level photoelectron spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michelswirth, Martin; Dachraoui, Hatem; Mattay, Jochen; Heinzmann, Ulrich

    2012-02-01

    The S 1 → S 0 radiationless deactivation of iodine terminated bi-phenyl immobilized on a silicon surface was probed by analysing the I4d signature (BE: 45.6 eV, 47.3 eV) by means of High Harmonic Generation (HHG) based photoelectron spectroscopy. Modifications of the 4d5/2,3/2 spectroscopic contents spanning about 0.2 ps after UV activation (266 nm) were verified as showing a transient molecular response character. A localization to the terminated phenyl substructure in the complex structural environment on the surface was ensured according to the core-level nature of the recorded I4d. The activation of the bi-phenyl achieved by UV irradiation, corresponding to the UV absorption band-edge, was verified as being dominated by a Bπ → Bπ* phenyl excitation. Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TD-DFT) modellings were therefore performed. They were matched to Configuration Interaction semi-empirical calculations (CI-MNDO) verifying the Rustagi-Ducuing relation. The simulated singlet-singlet excitation spectrum was referenced to the spectra of an iodine terminated monomer and a linear oligophenyl chain (N = 8). Thus the deactivation response studied was assigned to a conical intersection promoted ? reaction pathway.

  6. Chemical preparation, kinetics of thermal behavior and infrared studies of Pb3(P3O92.3H2O and Cd3(P3O92.14H2O

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Said Belaaouad

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Chemical preparation, thermal behavior, kinetic and IR studies are given for the cyclotriphosphates Pb3(P3O92.3H2O and Cd3(P3O92.14H2O. The later cyclotriphosphates have never been studied except their crystallographic characterization and are stable in the conditions of temperature and pressure of our laboratory until 343K. The final products of the dehydration and calcination of Pb3(P3O92.3H2O and Cd3(P3O92.14H2O, under atmospheric pressure, are respectively their long chain polyphosphates, [Pb(PO32]∞ and β[Cd(PO32]∞. The intermediate product of the dehydration of Cd3(P3O92.14H2O, under atmospheric pressure, is its long chain polyphosphate form α, α[Cd(PO32]. [Pb(PO32]∞ and β[Cd(PO32]∞ are stable until their melting points at respectively 946K and 1153K. Two different methods, Ozawa and KAS have been selected in order to study the kinetics of thermal behavior of the cyclotriphosphates Pb3(P3O92.3H2O and Cd3(P3O92.14H2O for the first time. The kinetic and thermodynamic features of the dehydration, of the cited cyclotriphosphates, were determined and discussed on the basis of their crystalline structure. [Pb(PO32]∞, α[Cd(PO32] and β[Cd(PO32] have many applications in industry such as corrosion inhibitors.

  7. Relationship between miRNA-338-3p expression and progression and prognosis of human colorectal carcinoma

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Kai; Su Guiyuan; Deng Haijun; Dong Jingqing; Lei Shangtong; Li Guoxin

    2014-01-01

    Background miR-338-3p is a recently discovered miRNA and is involved in cell differentiation.However,few data are yet available on the aberrant expression of miR-338-3p in human colorectal carcinoma (CRC).This work aimed to investigate the relationship between miR-338-3p expression pattern and clinicopathological features of human CRC and the possible regulative mechanisms.Methods The 40 CRC,adjacent nontumorous tissues and 2 human CRC-derived cell lines (SW-480 and SW-620) were collected,respectively,and the total RNA and protein were isolated routinely.The miR-338-3p expression pattern was detected by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Northern blotting.Smoothened (SMO,possible target of miR-338-3p) mRNA and corresponding protein expression pattern were detected by semiquantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting.miR-338-3p expression patterns were compared between nontumor mucosa and CRC samples,graded by progression-related factors.Disease outcome was calculated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis to determine whether miR-338-3p was related to disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients.Moreover,SMO 3'-UTR fragment was PCR amplified from genome DNA of human colon and inserted into a luciferase reporter plasmid.The luciferase reporter plasmid construct was then transfected into CRC cells together with pre-miR-338-3p or anti-miR-338-3p and the luciferase activity in the transfected cells was detected.Results The expression of miR-338-3p was significantly downregulated in CRCs than those in the adjacent nontumorous tissues,and the value was negatively related to advanced TNM stage and local invasion (P <0.01).Furthermore,miR338-3p value was decreased markedly in SW-620 cell line relative to SW-480 (P <0.01).Low expression of miR-338-3p was associated with unfavorable outcome in DFS but not in OS independent of clinical covariates.Moreover,RT-PCR and Western blotting analysis demonstrated that there was no

  8. Comodules over semiperfect corings

    CERN Document Server

    Caenepeel, S

    2011-01-01

    We discuss when the Rat functor associated to a coring satisfying the left $\\alpha$-condition is exact. We study the category of comodules over a semiperfect coring. We characterize semiperfect corings over artinian rings and over qF-rings.

  9. Coring Sample Acquisition Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haddad, Nicolas E.; Murray, Saben D.; Walkemeyer, Phillip E.; Badescu, Mircea; Sherrit, Stewart; Bao, Xiaoqi; Kriechbaum, Kristopher L.; Richardson, Megan; Klein, Kerry J.

    2012-01-01

    A sample acquisition tool (SAT) has been developed that can be used autonomously to sample drill and capture rock cores. The tool is designed to accommodate core transfer using a sample tube to the IMSAH (integrated Mars sample acquisition and handling) SHEC (sample handling, encapsulation, and containerization) without ever touching the pristine core sample in the transfer process.

  10. Vibrational quenching of CO2(010) by collisions with O(3P) at thermal energies: a quantum-mechanical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lara-Castells, M P; Hernández, Marta I; Delgado-Barrio, G; Villarreal, P; López-Puertas, M

    2006-04-28

    The CO(2)(010)-O((3)P) vibrational energy transfer (VET) efficiency is a key input to aeronomical models of the energy budget of the upper atmospheres of Earth, Venus, and Mars. This work addresses the physical mechanisms responsible for the high efficiency of the VET process at the thermal energies existing in the terrestrial upper atmosphere (150 Kmechanical study of the process within a reduced-dimensionality approach. In this model, all the particles remain along a plane and the O((3)P) atom collides along the C(2v) symmetry axis of CO(2), which can present bending oscillations around the linear arrangement, while the stretching C-O coordinates are kept fixed at their equilibrium values. Two kinds of scattering calculations are performed on high-quality ab initio potential energy surfaces (PESs). In the first approach, the calculations are carried out separately for each one of the three PESs correlating to O((3)P). In the second approach, nonadiabatic effects induced by spin-orbit couplings (SOC) are also accounted for. The results presented here provide an explanation to some of the questions raised by the experiments and aeronomical observations. At thermal energies, nonadiabatic transitions induced by SOC play a key role in causing large VET efficiencies, the process being highly sensitive to the initial fine-structure level of oxygen. At higher energies, the two above-mentioned approaches tend to coincide towards an impulsive Landau-Teller mechanism of the vibrational to translational (V-T) energy transfer.

  11. MiR-125a-3p timely inhibits oligodendroglial maturation and is pathologically up-regulated in human multiple sclerosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecca, Davide; Marangon, Davide; Coppolino, Giusy T.; Méndez, Aida Menéndez; Finardi, Annamaria; Costa, Gloria Dalla; Martinelli, Vittorio; Furlan, Roberto; Abbracchio, Maria P.

    2016-01-01

    In the mature central nervous system (CNS), oligodendrocytes provide support and insulation to axons thanks to the production of a myelin sheath. During their maturation to myelinating cells, oligodendroglial precursors (OPCs) follow a very precise differentiation program, which is finely orchestrated by transcription factors, epigenetic factors and microRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small non-coding RNAs involved in post-transcriptional regulation. Any alterations in this program can potentially contribute to dysregulated myelination, impaired remyelination and neurodegenerative conditions, as it happens in multiple sclerosis (MS). Here, we identify miR-125a-3p, a developmentally regulated miRNA, as a new actor of oligodendroglial maturation, that, in the mammalian CNS regulates the expression of myelin genes by simultaneously acting on several of its already validated targets. In cultured OPCs, over-expression of miR-125a-3p by mimic treatment impairs while its inhibition with an antago-miR stimulates oligodendroglial maturation. Moreover, we show that miR-125a-3p levels are abnormally high in the cerebrospinal fluid of MS patients bearing active demyelinating lesions, suggesting that its pathological upregulation may contribute to MS development, at least in part by blockade of OPC differentiation leading to impaired repair of demyelinated lesions. PMID:27698367

  12. Atmospheric Methane in Ice Cores

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The reconstruction of air trapped in ice cores provides us the most direct information about atmospheric CH4 variations in the past history. Ice core records from the "Three Poles (Antarctica, Greenland and Tibetan Plateau)" reveal the detailed fluctuations of atmospheric CH4 concentration with time and are allowed to quantify the CH4 differences among latitudes. These data are indispensably in the farther study of the relationship between greenhouse gases and climatic change, and of the past changes in terrestrial CH4 emissions. Ice cores reconstruction indicates that atmospheric CH4 concentration has increased quickly since industrialization, and the present day's level of atmospheric CH4 (1800 ppbv) is unprecedented during the past Glacial-Interglacial climate cycles.

  13. Prevalence of Serologic Hepatitis B Markers in Blood Donors From Puebla, Mexico: The Association of Relatively High Levels of Anti-Core Antibodies With the Detection of Surface Antigen and Genomic DNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosa-Jurado, Francisca; Hilda Rosas-Murrieta, Nora; Guzman-Flores, Belinda; Perez Zempoaltecalt, Cintia; Patricia Sanchez Torres, Ana; Ramirez Rosete, Leticia; Bernal-Soto, Maribel; Marquez-Dominguez, Luis; Melendez-Mena, Daniel; Angel Mendoza Torres, Miguel; Teresa Lopez Delgado, Maria; Reyes-Leyva, Julio; Vallejo-Ruiz, Veronica; Santos-Lopez, Gerardo

    2016-06-01

    The hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes chronic hepatitis, hepatic cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Surface antigen (HBsAg) detection is a definitive test that can confirm HBV infection, while the presence of antibodies against the core protein (anti-HBc) suggests either a previous or ongoing infection or occult hepatitis B infection (OBI). The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of anti-HBc and HBsAg in blood donors. Further, the study aimed to estimate the anti-HBc level at which HBV DNA is detected in putative OBI cases, as well as to search for mutations in the "a" determinant associated with the non-detection of HBsAg in serum. We conducted a cross-sectional study from 2003-2009. The study included 120,552 blood donors from the state of Puebla, Mexico. Different commercial systems based on microparticles (enzymatic (MEIA) or chemiluminescent (CMIA)) were used to determine the HBsAg and anti-HBc levels. For the detection of HBV DNA, a nested polymerase chain reaction (nested PCR) was used and the genotypes were determined using Sanger sequencing. Of the 120,552 blood donors, 1437 (1.19%, 95% CI: 1.12 - 1.26) were reactive to anti-HBc, while 82 (0.066%, 95% CI: 0.053 - 0.079) were reactive to HBsAg. Some 156 plasma samples collected in 2009 from anti-HBc-positive/HBsAg-negative blood donors were submitted for HBV DNA detection in a search for probable OBI. Viral DNA was detected in 27/156 (17.3%, 95% CI: 11.5 - 23.1). Our results show an association between HBV DNA or HBsAg and anti-HBc S/CO levels ≥ 4.0. All DNA samples were identified as genotype H and some "a" determinant mutations were identified, although none corresponded to mutations previously reported to hinder the detection of HBsAg by commercial immunoassays. We observed that as the anti-HBc levels increase, there is a higher prevalence of the viral protein HBsAg in blood donors. Samples testing positive for HBV-DNA were seen to exhibit a ten-fold higher presence of anti

  14. Prevalence of Serologic Hepatitis B Markers in Blood Donors From Puebla, Mexico: The Association of Relatively High Levels of Anti-Core Antibodies With the Detection of Surface Antigen and Genomic DNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sosa-Jurado

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background The hepatitis B virus (HBV causes chronic hepatitis, hepatic cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Surface antigen (HBsAg detection is a definitive test that can confirm HBV infection, while the presence of antibodies against the core protein (anti-HBc suggests either a previous or ongoing infection or occult hepatitis B infection (OBI. Objectives The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of anti-HBc and HBsAg in blood donors. Further, the study aimed to estimate the anti-HBc level at which HBV DNA is detected in putative OBI cases, as well as to search for mutations in the “a” determinant associated with the non-detection of HBsAg in serum. Patients and Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study from 2003–2009. The study included 120,552 blood donors from the state of Puebla, Mexico. Different commercial systems based on microparticles (enzymatic (MEIA or chemiluminescent (CMIA were used to determine the HBsAg and anti-HBc levels. For the detection of HBV DNA, a nested polymerase chain reaction (nested PCR was used and the genotypes were determined using Sanger sequencing. Results Of the 120,552 blood donors, 1437 (1.19%, 95% CI: 1.12 - 1.26 were reactive to anti-HBc, while 82 (0.066%, 95% CI: 0.053 - 0.079 were reactive to HBsAg. Some 156 plasma samples collected in 2009 from anti-HBc-positive/HBsAg-negative blood donors were submitted for HBV DNA detection in a search for probable OBI. Viral DNA was detected in 27/156 (17.3%, 95% CI: 11.5 - 23.1. Our results show an association between HBV DNA or HBsAg and anti-HBc S/CO levels ≥ 4.0. All DNA samples were identified as genotype H and some “a” determinant mutations were identified, although none corresponded to mutations previously reported to hinder the detection of HBsAg by commercial immunoassays. Conclusions We observed that as the anti-HBc levels increase, there is a higher prevalence of the viral protein HBsAg in blood donors. Samples testing

  15. Challenges Regarding IP Core Functional Reliability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berg, Melanie D.; LaBel, Kenneth A.

    2017-01-01

    For many years, intellectual property (IP) cores have been incorporated into field programmable gate array (FPGA) and application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) design flows. However, the usage of large complex IP cores were limited within products that required a high level of reliability. This is no longer the case. IP core insertion has become mainstream including their use in highly reliable products. Due to limited visibility and control, challenges exist when using IP cores and subsequently compromise product reliability. We discuss challenges and suggest potential solutions to critical application IP insertion.

  16. 高位层间隔震结构电梯井核心筒剪力墙处理方法研究%Processing method for a core shear wall with high-level story isolation technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴从晓; 周云; 吴从永; 邓雪松

    2011-01-01

    为了解决高位层间隔震结构中电梯井核心筒剪力墙在隔震层位置需断开的问题,提出一种高位层间隔震结构电梯井核心筒剪力墙处理方法(PMIT),介绍了其原理、构造、特点.采用ETABS软件对电梯井核心筒结构与外围结构之间布置粘滞阻尼器、弹簧、无阻尼器和弹簧的PMIT结构、悬挂法结构和框支剪力墙结构进行了分析,分析结果表明:①PMIT结构隔震层下部结构层间位移角和隔震位置电梯井剪力墙弯矩相比于框支剪力墙结构都有减小,而悬挂法隔震层下部层间位移相比于框支剪力墙结构放大了约150%,PMIT对隔震层下部结构刚度不会产生影响,避免隔震层下部结构出现薄弱层;②相比于悬挂法结构,布置粘滞阻尼器PMIT结构隔震层最外侧隔震支座拉力减小了约50%(仅水平地震作用),提高结构的抗倾覆性能.%A processing method for a core shear wall with high-level story isolation technology ( PMIT) was proposed, its principle, configuration, and characteristics were illustrated. The problem that the core shear wall needed to be broken in the isolation story could be overcome using the new method. With the use of ETABS software, the PMIT models of placing viscous dampers and elastic springs, or no damper and elastic spring in the pre-fixed gap between the core shear wall and the around upper structure, the model of the suspense method and the frame-support shear wall structure model were built, nonlinear time history analyses under frequent earthquakes were conducted. The results showed that (J) comparing with frame-support shear wall structures, the story drift of the substructure of the isolation story is reduced with PMIT, however, it increases about 150% using the suspense method; the structural seismic performance with PMIT is not influenced; (2)comparing with structures using the suspense method, the tension force of the lateral isolator in the isolation story

  17. Banded transformer cores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mclyman, C. W. T. (Inventor)

    1974-01-01

    A banded transformer core formed by positioning a pair of mated, similar core halves on a supporting pedestal. The core halves are encircled with a strap, selectively applying tension whereby a compressive force is applied to the core edge for reducing the innate air gap. A dc magnetic field is employed in supporting the core halves during initial phases of the banding operation, while an ac magnetic field subsequently is employed for detecting dimension changes occurring in the air gaps as tension is applied to the strap.

  18. Visual Display of 5p-arm and 3p-arm miRNA Expression with a Mobile Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao-Yu Pan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available MicroRNAs (miRNAs play important roles in human cancers. In previous studies, we have demonstrated that both 5p-arm and 3p-arm of mature miRNAs could be expressed from the same precursor and we further interrogated the 5p-arm and 3p-arm miRNA expression with a comprehensive arm feature annotation list. To assist biologists to visualize the differential 5p-arm and 3p-arm miRNA expression patterns, we utilized a user-friendly mobile App to display. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA miRNA-Seq expression information. We have collected over 4,500 miRNA-Seq datasets from 15 TCGA cancer types and further processed them with the 5p-arm and 3p-arm annotation analysis pipeline. In order to be displayed with the RNA-Seq Viewer App, annotated 5p-arm and 3p-arm miRNA expression information and miRNA gene loci information were converted into SQLite tables. In this distinct application, for any given miRNA gene, 5p-arm miRNA is illustrated on the top of chromosome ideogram and 3p-arm miRNA is illustrated on the bottom of chromosome ideogram. Users can then easily interrogate the differentially 5p-arm/3p-arm expressed miRNAs with their mobile devices. This study demonstrates the feasibility and utility of RNA-Seq Viewer App in addition to mRNA-Seq data visualization.

  19. Experimental and theoretical studies of rate coefficients for the reaction O(3P)+CH3OH at high temperatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Chih-Wei; Chou, Shen-Long; Lee, Yuan-Pern; Xu, Shucheng; Xu, Z F; Lin, M C

    2005-06-22

    Rate coefficients of the reaction O((3)P) + CH(3)OH in the temperature range of 835-1777 K were determined using a diaphragmless shock tube. O atoms were generated by photolysis of SO(2) with a KrF excimer laser at 248 nm or an ArF excimer laser at 193 nm; their concentrations were monitored via atomic resonance absorption excited by emission from a microwave-discharged mixture of O(2) and He. The rate coefficients determined for the temperature range can be represented by the Arrhenius equation, k(T) = (2.29 +/- 0.18) x 10(-10) exp[-(4210 +/- 100)T] cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1); unless otherwise noted, all the listed errors represent one standard deviation in fitting. Combination of these and previous data at lower temperature shows a non-Arrhenius behavior described as the three-parameter equation, k(T) = (2.74 +/- 0.07) x 10(-18)T(2.25 +/- 0.13) exp[-(1500 +/- 90)T] cm(3)molecule(-1) s(-1). Theoretical calculations at the Becke-3-Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP)6-311 + G(3df,2p) level locate three transition states. Based on the energies computed with coupled clusters singles, doubles (triples) [CCSD(T)]/6-311 + G(3df,2p)B3LYP6-311 + G(3df,2p), the rate coefficients predicted with canonical variational transition state theory with small curvature tunneling corrections agree satisfactorily with the experimental observations. The branching ratios of two accessible reaction channels forming OH + CH(2)OH (1a) and OH + CH(3)O (1b) are predicted to vary strongly with temperature. At 300 K, reaction (1a) dominates, whereas reaction (1b) becomes more important than reaction (1a) above 1700 K.

  20. Intersystem crossing and dynamics in O(3P) + C2H4 multichannel reaction: experiment validates theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Bina; Han, Yong-Chang; Bowman, Joel M; Angelucci, Luca; Balucani, Nadia; Leonori, Francesca; Casavecchia, Piergiorgio

    2012-06-19

    The O((3)P) + C(2)H(4) reaction, of importance in combustion and atmospheric chemistry, stands out as a paradigm reaction involving triplet- and singlet-state potential energy surfaces (PESs) interconnected by intersystem crossing (ISC). This reaction poses challenges for theory and experiments owing to the ruggedness and high dimensionality of these potentials, as well as the long lifetimes of the collision complexes. Primary products from five competing channels (H + CH(2)CHO, H + CH(3)CO, H(2) + CH(2)CO, CH(3) + HCO, CH(2) + CH(2)O) and branching ratios (BRs) are determined in crossed molecular beam experiments with soft electron-ionization mass-spectrometric detection at a collision energy of 8.4 kcal/mol. As some of the observed products can only be formed via ISC from triplet to singlet PESs, from the product BRs the extent of ISC is inferred. A new full-dimensional PES for the triplet state as well as spin-orbit coupling to the singlet PES are reported, and roughly half a million surface hopping trajectories are run on the coupled singlet-triplet PESs to compare with the experimental BRs and differential cross-sections. Both theory and experiment find almost equal contributions from the two PESs to the reaction, posing the question of how important is it to consider the ISC as one of the nonadiabatic effects for this and similar systems involved in combustion chemistry. Detailed comparisons at the level of angular and translational energy distributions between theory and experiment are presented for the two primary channel products, CH(3) + HCO and H + CH(2)CHO. The agreement between experimental and theoretical functions is excellent, implying that theory has reached the capability of describing complex multichannel nonadiabatic reactions.

  1. Computational study of collisions between O(3P) and NO(2Π) at temperatures relevant to the hypersonic flight regime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro-Palacio, Juan Carlos; Nagy, Tibor; Bemish, Raymond J; Meuwly, Markus

    2014-10-28

    Reactions involving N and O atoms dominate the energetics of the reactive air flow around spacecraft when reentering the atmosphere in the hypersonic flight regime. For this reason, the thermal rate coefficients for reactive processes involving O((3)P) and NO((2)Π) are relevant over a wide range of temperatures. For this purpose, a potential energy surface (PES) for the ground state of the NO2 molecule is constructed based on high-level ab initio calculations. These ab initio energies are represented using the reproducible kernel Hilbert space method and Legendre polynomials. The global PES of NO2 in the ground state is constructed by smoothly connecting the surfaces of the grids of various channels around the equilibrium NO2 geometry by a distance-dependent weighting function. The rate coefficients were calculated using Monte Carlo integration. The results indicate that at high temperatures only the lowest A-symmetry PES is relevant. At the highest temperatures investigated (20,000 K), the rate coefficient for the "O1O2+N" channel becomes comparable (to within a factor of around three) to the rate coefficient of the oxygen exchange reaction. A state resolved analysis shows that the smaller the vibrational quantum number of NO in the reactants, the higher the relative translational energy required to open it and conversely with higher vibrational quantum number, less translational energy is required. This is in accordance with Polanyi's rules. However, the oxygen exchange channel (NO2+O1) is accessible at any collision energy. Finally, this work introduces an efficient computational protocol for the investigation of three-atom collisions in general.

  2. Propofol Inhibits Neurogenesis of Rat Neural Stem Cells by Upregulating MicroRNA-141-3p.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Qiliang; Wang, Yingwei; Shi, Xueyin

    2017-02-01

    Prolonged or high-dose exposure to anesthetics, such as propofol, can cause brain cell degeneration and subsequent long-term learning or memory deficits, particularly in the developing brain. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the deleterious effects of propofol at certain stages of development remain unclear. In this study we found that propofol inhibited the proliferation, neuronal differentiation, and migration of neural stem cells (NSCs) while upregulating miR-141-3p. Silencing of miR-141-3p abrogated the effects of propofol on NSC neurogenesis. Propofol treatment downregulated IGF2BP2, a direct target of miR-141-3p, whereas overexpression of IGF2BP2 attenuated the effects of propofol and miR-141-3p on NSC neurogenesis. In short, propofol inhibits NSC neurogenesis through a mechanism involving the miR-141-3p/IGF2BP2 axis. Our results may provide a potential approach for preventing the neurodegenerative effects of propofol in the developing brain.

  3. Development of a chromosomally integrated metabolite-inducible Leu3p-alpha-IPM "off-on" gene switch.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Poulou

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Present technology uses mostly chimeric proteins as regulators and hormones or antibiotics as signals to induce spatial and temporal gene expression. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Here, we show that a chromosomally integrated yeast 'Leu3p-alpha-IotaRhoMu' system constitutes a ligand-inducible regulatory "off-on" genetic switch with an extensively dynamic action area. We find that Leu3p acts as an active transcriptional repressor in the absence and as an activator in the presence of alpha-isopropylmalate (alpha-IotaRhoMu in primary fibroblasts isolated from double transgenic mouse embryos bearing ubiquitously expressing Leu3p and a Leu3p regulated GFP reporter. In the absence of the branched amino acid biosynthetic pathway in animals, metabolically stable alpha-IPM presents an EC(50 equal to 0.8837 mM and fast "OFF-ON" kinetics (t(50ON = 43 min, t(50OFF = 2.18 h, it enters the cells via passive diffusion, while it is non-toxic to mammalian cells and to fertilized mouse eggs cultured ex vivo. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our results demonstrate that the 'Leu3p-alpha-IotaRhoMu' constitutes a simpler and safer system for inducible gene expression in biomedical applications.

  4. miR-8-3p regulates mitoferrin in the testes of Bactrocera dorsalis to ensure normal spermatogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tariq, Kaleem; Metzendorf, Christoph; Peng, Wei; Sohail, Summar; Zhang, Hongyu

    2016-03-02

    Genetics-enhanced sterile insect techniques (SIT) are promising novel approaches to control Bactrocera dorsalis, the most destructive horticultural pest in East Asia and the Pacific region. To identify novel genetic agents to alter male fertility of B. dorsalis, previous studies investigated miRNA expression in testes of B. dorsalis. One miRNA, miR-8-3p was predicted to bind the 3'UTR of putative B. dorsalis mitoferrin (bmfrn). The ortholog of bmfrn in D. melanogaster is essential for male fertility. Here we show that bmfrn has all conserved amino acid residues of known mitoferrins and is most abundantly expressed in B. dorsalis testes, making miR-8-3p and mitoferrin candidates for genetics-enhanced SIT. Furthermore, using a dual-luciferase reporter system, we show in HeLa cells that miR-8-3p interacts with the 3'UTR of bmfrn. Dietary treatments of adult male flies with miR-8-3p mimic, antagomiR, or bmfrn dsRNA, altered mitoferrin expression in the testes and resulted in reduced male reproductive capacity due to reduced numbers and viability of spermatozoa. We show for the first time that a mitoferrin is regulated by a miRNA and we demonstrate miR-8-3p as well as bmfrn dsRNA to be promising novel agents that could be used for genetics-enhanced SIT.

  5. Prm3p is a pheromone-induced peripheral nuclear envelope protein required for yeast nuclear fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Shu; Tobery, Cynthia E; Rose, Mark D

    2009-05-01

    Nuclear membrane fusion is the last step in the mating pathway of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We adapted a bioinformatics approach to identify putative pheromone-induced membrane proteins potentially required for nuclear membrane fusion. One protein, Prm3p, was found to be required for nuclear membrane fusion; disruption of PRM3 caused a strong bilateral defect, in which nuclear congression was completed but fusion did not occur. Prm3p was localized to the nuclear envelope in pheromone-responding cells, with significant colocalization with the spindle pole body in zygotes. A previous report, using a truncated protein, claimed that Prm3p is localized to the inner nuclear envelope. Based on biochemistry, immunoelectron microscopy and live cell microscopy, we find that functional Prm3p is a peripheral membrane protein exposed on the cytoplasmic face of the outer nuclear envelope. In support of this, mutations in a putative nuclear localization sequence had no effect on full-length protein function or localization. In contrast, point mutations and deletions in the highly conserved hydrophobic carboxy-terminal domain disrupted both protein function and localization. Genetic analysis, colocalization, and biochemical experiments indicate that Prm3p interacts directly with Kar5p, suggesting that nuclear membrane fusion is mediated by a protein complex.

  6. Social capital and core network ties: a validation study of individual-level social capital measures and their association with extra- and intra-neighborhood ties, and self-rated health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Spencer; Bockenholt, Ulf; Daniel, Mark; Frohlich, Katherine; Kestens, Yan; Richard, Lucie

    2011-03-01

    Research on social capital and health has assumed that measures of trust, participation, and perceived cohesion capture aspects of people's neighborhood social connections. This study uses data on the personal networks of 2707 Montreal adults in 300 different neighborhoods to examine the association of socio-demographic and social capital variables with the likelihood of having core ties, core neighborhood ties, and high self-rated health (SRH). Persons with higher household income were more likely to have core ties, but less likely to have core neighborhood ties. Persons with greater diversity in extra-neighborhood network capital were more likely to have core ties, and persons with greater diversity in intra-neighborhood network capital were more likely to have core neighborhood ties. Generalized trust, perceived neighborhood cohesion, and extra-neighborhood network diversity were shown associated with high SRH. Conventional measures of social capital may not capture network mechanisms. Findings suggest a critical appraisal of the mechanisms linking social capital and health, and the further delineation of network and psychosocial mechanisms in understanding these links.

  7. miR-29c-3p promotes senescence of human mesenchymal stem cells by targeting CNOT6 through p53-p21 and p16-pRB pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, Jin; Yao, Yuan; Fan, Xin; Shangguan, Lei; Li, Jie; Liu, Huan; Zhou, Yue

    2016-04-01

    Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are important seed cells for tissue engineering and are promising targets for cell-based therapies. However, the replicative senescence of MSCs during in vitro culture limits their research and clinical applications. The molecular mechanisms underlying the replicative senescence of MSCs are not fully understood. Evidence suggests that miRNAs play important roles in replicative senescence. A microarray analysis found that the miR-29c-3p level was significantly increased during the MSC senescence process. In our study, we investigated the roles of miR-29c-3p in senescence of MSCs. We cultured MSCs for long periods of time, up and down-regulated the miR-29c-3p expression in MSCs, and examined the senescent phenotype changes. The over-expression of miR-29c-3p led to enhanced senescence-associated-β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining, senescence associated secretory phenotype (SASP), senescence associated heterochromatic foci (SAHF), reduced proliferation ability, retarded osteogenic differentiation and corresponding changes in senescence markers, whereas the miR-29c-3p down-regulation had the opposite results. Dual-luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that CNOT6 is the target gene of miR-29c-3p. Knockdown of CNOT6 confirmed its inhibitory effects on the senescence of MSCs. In addition, Western blot results showed that both the p53-p21 and the p16-pRB pathways were activated during the miR-29c-3p-induced senescence of MSCs. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that miR-29c-3p promotes the senescence of MSCs by targeting CNOT6 through p53-p21 and p16-pRB pathways and highlight the contribution of post-transcriptional regulation to stem cell senescence.

  8. Regulatory role of the sequences downstream from nodD3 P1 promoter of Rhizobium meliloti

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The 660 bp region between nodD3 P1 promoter and the following coding region of Rhizobium meliloti has been studied.This region is designated "downstream sequences".It consists of two potential open reading frames,ORF1 and ORF2.Studies on the role of the downstream sequences on the activity of nodD3 P1 with nod D3(P1)-lacZ fusion show that deletion of the sequences containing ORF2 causes the increase of the activity of the fusion; on the contrary,addition of extra copies of ORF2 markedly decreases the activity of the fusion.These results indicate that the product of ORF2 plays a negative role in the expression of nod D3.

  9. Biomimetic-Inspired Infrared Sensors from Zn3P2 Microwires: Study of Their Photoconductivity and Infrared Spectrum Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Israelowitz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The fire beetle, Melanophila acuminata (Coleoptera: Buprestidae, senses infrared radiation at wavelengths of 3 and 10–25 microns via specialized protein-containing sensilla. Although the protein denatures outside of a biological system, this detection mechanism has inspired our bottom-up approach to produce single zinc phosphide microwires via vapour transport for IR sensing. The Zn3P2 microwires were immobilized and electrical contact was made by dielectrophoresis. Photoconductivity measurements have been extended to the near IR range, spanning the Zn3P2 band gaps. Purity and integrity of the Zn3P2 microwires including infrared light scattering properties were confirmed by infrared transmission microscopy. This biomimetic microwire shows promise for infrared chip development.

  10. [Effect of miR-342-3p on chemotherapy sensitivity in triple-negative breast cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Tao; Zhang, Junying; Wu, Jianzhong; Tang, Jinhai

    2014-05-01

    To study the effect of miR-342-3p on the chemotherapy sensitivity in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Tissue samples were collected from January 2011 to August 2013 samples in Jiangsu Cancer Hospital from a total of 32 triple-negative breast cancer patients with preoperative chemotherapy, with 5 cases of complete response (CR) and 27 cases of partial response (PR). We detected miR-342-3p expression of TNBC with RT-PCR. We transfected has-miR-342-3p mimic and inhibitor into breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 by lipofection transfection and set up negative control mim-NC and inhi-NC. Group of mimic, mim-NC, inhibitor and inhi-NC were cultivated with 2 μmol /L paclitaxel, cisplatin or 4 μmol/L doxorubicin for 48 h. The cell growth rates were measured by CCK8 reagent kit, and the cell apoptosis rate by flow cytometry. The expressions of miRNA-342-3p in TNBC tissue of CR were higher than those of PR. The cell growth rates of mimic were lower and cell apoptosis rates were higher than those of min- NC after cultivating with paclitaxel or cisplatin for 48 h, with significant difference (P0.05). TNBC with high expression of miR-342-3p are more sensitive to chemotherapy. miRNA-342-3p may regulate the sensitivity of breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 to chemotherapy drugs paclitaxel and cisplatin, but can not affect the chemotherapy sensitivity of doxorubicin.

  11. Energetics, transition states, and intrinsic reaction coordinates for reactions associated with O(3P) processing of hydrocarbon materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Tianying; Hase, William L.; Doubleday, Charles

    2004-05-01

    Electronic structure calculations based on multiconfiguration wave functions are used to investigate a set of archetypal reactions relevant to O(3P) processing of hydrocarbon molecules and surfaces. These include O(3P) reactions with methane and ethane to give OH plus methyl or ethyl radicals, O(3P)+ethane to give CH3O+CH3, and secondary reactions of the OH product radical with ethane and the ethyl radical. Geometry optimization is carried out with CASSCF/cc-pVTZ for all reactions, and with CASPT2/cc-pVTZ for O(3P)+methane/ethane. Single-point energy corrections are applied with CASPT2, CASPT3, and MRCI+Q with the cc-pVTZ and cc-pVQZ basis sets, and the energies extrapolated to the complete basis set limit (CBL). Where comparison of computed barriers and energies of reaction with experiment is possible, the agreement is good to excellent. The best agreement (within experimental error) is found for MRCI+Q/CBL applied to O(3P)+methane. For the other reactions, CASPT2/CBL and MRCI+Q/CBL predictions differ from experiment by 1-5 kcal/mol for 0 K enthalpies of reaction, and are within 1 kcal/mol of the best-estimate experimental range of 0 K barriers for O(3P)+ethane and OH+ethane. The accuracy of MRCI+Q/CBL is limited mainly by the quality of the active space. CASPT2/CBL barriers are consistently lower than MRCI+Q/CBL barriers with identical reference spaces.

  12. Na/K-ATPase signaling regulates collagen synthesis through microRNA-29b-3p in cardiac fibroblasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drummond, Christopher A; Hill, Michael C; Shi, Huilin; Fan, Xiaoming; Xie, Jeffrey X; Haller, Steven T; Kennedy, David J; Liu, Jiang; Garrett, Michael R; Xie, Zijian; Cooper, Christopher J; Shapiro, Joseph I; Tian, Jiang

    2016-03-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is accompanied by cardiac fibrosis, hypertrophy, and dysfunction, which are commonly referred to as uremic cardiomyopathy. Our previous studies found that Na/K-ATPase ligands or 5/6th partial nephrectomy (PNx) induces cardiac fibrosis in rats and mice. The current study used in vitro and in vivo models to explore novel roles for microRNA in this mechanism of cardiac fibrosis formation. To accomplish this, we performed microRNA profiling with RT-qPCR based arrays on cardiac tissue from rats subjected to marinobufagenin (MBG) infusion or PNx. The analysis showed that a series of fibrosis-related microRNAs were dysregulated. Among the dysregulated microRNAs, microRNA (miR)-29b-3p, which directly targets mRNA of collagen, was consistently reduced in both PNx and MBG-infused animals. In vitro experiments demonstrated that treatment of primary cultures of adult rat cardiac fibroblasts with Na/K-ATPase ligands induced significant increases in the fibrosis marker, collagen protein, and mRNA expression compared with controls, whereas miR-29b-3p expression decreased >50%. Transfection of miR-29b-3p mimics into cardiac fibroblasts inhibited cardiotonic steroids-induced collagen synthesis. Moreover, a specific Na/K-ATPase signaling antagonist, pNaKtide, prevented ouabain-induced increases in collagen synthesis and decreases in miR-29b-3p expression in these cells. In conclusion, these data are the first to indicate that signaling through Na/K-ATPase regulates miRNAs and specifically, miR-29b-3p expression both in vivo and in vitro. Additionally, these data indicate that miR-29b-3p expression plays an important role in the formation of cardiac fibrosis in CKD.

  13. Delineation of the 3p14.1p13 microdeletion associated with syndromic distal limb contractures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thevenon, Julien; Monnier, Nicole; Callier, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Distal limb contractures (DLC) represent a heterogeneous clinical and genetic condition. Overall, 20-25% of the DLC are caused by mutations in genes encoding the muscle contractile apparatus. Large interstitial deletions of the 3p have already been diagnosed by standard chromosomal analysis......, but not associated with a specific phenotype. We report on four patients with syndromic DLC presenting with a de novo 3p14.1p13 microdeletion. The clinical features associated multiple contractures, feeding problems, developmental delay, and intellectual disability. Facial dysmorphism was constant with low...

  14. A proof of the linearity conjecture for k-blocking sets in PG(n, p3), p prime

    CERN Document Server

    Lavrauw, Michel; Van de Voorde, Geertrui

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we show that a small minimal k-blocking set in PG(n, q3), q = p^h, h >= 1, p prime, p >=7, intersecting every (n-k)-space in 1 (mod q) points, is linear. As a corollary, this result shows that all small minimal k-blocking sets in PG(n, p^3), p prime, p >=7, are Fp-linear, proving the linearity conjecture (see [7]) in the case PG(n, p3), p prime, p >= 7.

  15. SOX9 regulates microRNA miR-202-5p/3p expression during mouse testis differentiation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wainwright, Elanor N; Jorgensen, Joan S; Kim, Youngha;

    2013-01-01

    . Expression of the primary transcript of miR-202-5p/3p remained low in XY gonads in a conditional Sox9-null mouse model, suggesting that pri-miR-202 transcription is downstream of SOX9, a transcription factor that is both necessary and sufficient for male sex determination. We identified the pri-miR-202...... findings indicate that expression of the conserved gonad microRNA, miR-202-5p/3p, is downstream of the testis-determining factor SOX9, suggesting an early role in testis development....

  16. Identifying ELIXIR Core Data Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durinx, Christine; McEntyre, Jo; Appel, Ron; Apweiler, Rolf; Barlow, Mary; Blomberg, Niklas; Cook, Chuck; Gasteiger, Elisabeth; Kim, Jee-Hyub; Lopez, Rodrigo; Redaschi, Nicole; Stockinger, Heinz; Teixeira, Daniel; Valencia, Alfonso

    2016-01-01

    The core mission of ELIXIR is to build a stable and sustainable infrastructure for biological information across Europe. At the heart of this are the data resources, tools and services that ELIXIR offers to the life-sciences community, providing stable and sustainable access to biological data. ELIXIR aims to ensure that these resources are available long-term and that the life-cycles of these resources are managed such that they support the scientific needs of the life-sciences, including biological research. ELIXIR Core Data Resources are defined as a set of European data resources that are of fundamental importance to the wider life-science community and the long-term preservation of biological data. They are complete collections of generic value to life-science, are considered an authority in their field with respect to one or more characteristics, and show high levels of scientific quality and service. Thus, ELIXIR Core Data Resources are of wide applicability and usage. This paper describes the structures, governance and processes that support the identification and evaluation of ELIXIR Core Data Resources. It identifies key indicators which reflect the essence of the definition of an ELIXIR Core Data Resource and support the promotion of excellence in resource development and operation. It describes the specific indicators in more detail and explains their application within ELIXIR's sustainability strategy and science policy actions, and in capacity building, life-cycle management and technical actions. The identification process is currently being implemented and tested for the first time. The findings and outcome will be evaluated by the ELIXIR Scientific Advisory Board in March 2017. Establishing the portfolio of ELIXIR Core Data Resources and ELIXIR Services is a key priority for ELIXIR and publicly marks the transition towards a cohesive infrastructure.

  17. Lifetime measurement of the metastable 2{sup 3}P{sub 0} state in He-like uranium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toleikis, S. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Rd., MS 88R0192, Berkeley, CA 94720-8101 (United States) and Texas A and M University, College Station, TX (United States)]. E-mail: stoleikis@lbl.gov; Manil, B. [GANIL, Caen (France); Bednarz, G. [IFUJ, Cracow (Poland); Berdermann, E. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Beyer, H.F. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Bosch, F. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Braeuning-Demian, A. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Gumberidze, A. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Indelicato, P. [Universite P. et M. Curie, Paris (France); Kozhuharov, C. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Liesen, D. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Marrus, R. [University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Mokler, P.H. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Stachura, Z. [INP, Cracow (Poland); Stoehlker, T. [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Warczak, A. [IFUJ, Cracow (Poland)

    2005-07-01

    The lifetime of the 2{sup 3}P{sub 0} state in He-like uranium has been measured in a beam-foil time-of-flight experiment at the Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung accelerator facility with the result {tau}(2{sup 3}P{sub 0})=58.2(9.5)ps. With the measured lifetime it is possible to derive a value of {delta}E{sub 2s}{sup Lamb}=76.3+/-20.6eV for the n=2 Lamb shift in uranium.

  18. miR-199a-3p 靶基因预测及生物信息学分析%Prediction of miR-199a-3p targets gene and its bioinformatics analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢小娟; 潘晶晶; 魏力强; 陈葳

    2016-01-01

    Objective To provide theoretical guidance for further research on the role of miR-1 99a-3p in formation and development of bladder cancer.Methods Mature sequence of miR-1 99a-3p was analyzed;target genes and transcription factors of miRNA-1 99a-3p were predicted,and the target genes were analyzed for gene ontology (GO)enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome (KEGG)pathway.Then TF-miRNA-mRNA network diagram was constructed.Results Sequences of miR-1 99a-3p were highly conserved in various species.In GO analysis,the target genes of miR-1 99a-3p were enriched in many biological processes,such as regulation of cellular process,regulation of macromolecule metabolic process,and regulation of biological process (P <0.01 ).In KEGG pathway,the target genes were mainly located in bacterial invasion pathway of epithelial cells,ECM-receptor interaction pathway,PI3K-Akt signaling pathway,MAPK signaling pathway,small cell lung cancer pathway,and proteoglycans pathway in the cancer (P <0.05).According to the TF-miRNA-mRNA network diagram,the important genes that might be regulated by miR-1 99a-3p were MYC,SP1,mTOR,NFκB,and NFκB1.Conclusion miR-1 99a-3p may directly target mTOR and participate in the formation and development of bladder cancer through regulating PI3K-Akt-mTOR signaling pathway.%目的:为深入研究 miR-199a-3p 在膀胱癌形成和发展中的作用提供理论依据。方法分析 miR-199a-3p 序列,预测其靶基因和转录因子,并对靶基因进行 GO 富集和 KEGG Pathway 分析;构建 TF-miR-199a-3p-靶基因网络调控图。结果miR-199a-3p 序列在多物种间具有高度保守性;GO 分析发现 miR-199a-3p 的靶基因参与细胞调节、代谢调节、细胞大分子生物合成等生物过程(P <0.01);KEGG Pathway 分析发现 miR-199a-3p 的靶基因显著富集在上皮细胞的细菌入侵通路、ECM 受体的相互作用通路、PI3K-Akt 信号通路、MAPK 信号通路、小细胞肺癌通路、癌症中的蛋白

  19. High lying energy positions of doubly (2pns) {sup 1,3}P{sup o} and (2pnd) {sup 1,3}P{sup o} excited states of the beryllium atom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakho, I., E-mail: aminafatima_sakho@yahoo.fr [UFR Sciences and Technologies, Department of physics, University of Ziguinchor, Ziguinchor (Senegal)

    2011-12-15

    The Screening Constant by Unit Nuclear Charge (SCUNC) method is used to study (2pns) {sup 1,3}P{sup o} and (2pnd) {sup 1,3}P{sup o} autoionizing states of the beryllium atom. Energy positions are reported up to n=20. In addition, resonance widths of the (2pns) {sup 1}P{sup o} states also presented. The current results compared very well to available theoretical and experimental literature values up to n=15. The accurate data presented in this work may be of interest for future experimental and theoretical studies in the photoabsorption spectrum of Be. - Highlights: > Accurate energy positions of (2pns) {sup 1,3}P{sup o} and (2pnd) {sup 1,3}P{sup o} (n=3-20) autoionizing states of Be atoms. > Currently results compared very well to theoretical and experimental literature values up to n=15. > Presently data may be of interest for future experimental and theoretical studies in the photoabsorption spectrum of Be.

  20. Multi-core processors - An overview

    CERN Document Server

    Venu, Balaji

    2011-01-01

    Microprocessors have revolutionized the world we live in and continuous efforts are being made to manufacture not only faster chips but also smarter ones. A number of techniques such as data level parallelism, instruction level parallelism and hyper threading (Intel's HT) already exists which have dramatically improved the performance of microprocessor cores. This paper briefs on evolution of multi-core processors followed by introducing the technology and its advantages in today's world. The paper concludes by detailing on the challenges currently faced by multi-core processors and how the industry is trying to address these issues.

  1. Microstructure and Wear Behaviors of In-situ Al2O3p/7075 Composites%原位Al2O3P/7075复合材料微观组织与磨损行为

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘慧敏; 杨树青; 许萍; 李进福

    2012-01-01

    采用原位反应近液相线铸造法制备具有不同质量分数的Al2O3P/7075复合材料,并对其进行干滑动磨损实验研究,通过OM,SEM,TEM等材料分析方法测试了材料的微观组织和磨损表面形貌.结果表明,原位Al2O3颗粒对7075铝合金的晶粒组织有明显细化效果,Al2O3P/7075复合材料的耐磨性比基体7075铝合金有明显的提高.原因是原位合成的复合材料界面结合良好,原位Al2O3颗粒在摩擦过程中起着抑制金属流动和支撑的双重作用.磨损表面形貌显示,原位Al2O3颗粒的加入,使磨损机制由黏着磨损变为磨粒磨损,从而改善了材料的耐磨性.%The Al2O3P/7075 Al composites were synthesized by in-situ reaction near-liquidus casting. The microstructure and dry sliding wear behavior of the prepared composites were analyzed using OM, SEM and TEM as well as wear friction testing. The results reveal that in-situ Al2O3 particle with average size of approximately <1μm is uniformly distributed in the matrix, which exhibits desirable refining effects on microstructure of 7075 Al alloy. The wear behavior of the composites is greatly superior to that of the matrix, which is attributed to the grain refining and formation of a compact interface of Al2O3P/7075 Al composites. In addition, in-situ Al2O3 particles exhibit coupling effects of inhibiting metal flow and bearing some load in process of friction. The wear mechanism of the matrix 7075A1 alloy is adhesive wear, while the wear surface of Al2O3p/7075 Al composites is superior to that of the matrix 7075 Al alloy. The wear mechanism of Al2O3P/7075 Al composites is abrasive wear, and wear resistance of Al2O3P/7075 Al is improved.

  2. The core paradox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, G. C.; Higgins, G. H.

    1973-01-01

    Rebuttal of suggestions from various critics attempting to provide an escape from the seeming paradox originated by Higgins and Kennedy's (1971) proposed possibility that the liquid in the outer core was thermally stably stratified and that this stratification might prove a powerful inhibitor to circulation of the outer core fluid of the kind postulated for the generation of the earth's magnetic field. These suggestions are examined and shown to provide no reasonable escape from the core paradox.

  3. K-core inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander L. Wolman

    2011-01-01

    K-core inflation is a new class of underlying inflation measures. The two most popular measures of underlying inflation are core inflation and trimmed mean inflation. The former removes fixed categories of goods and services (food and energy) from the inflation calculation, and the latter removes fixed percentiles of the weighted distribution of price changes. In contrast, k-core inflation specifies a size of relative price change to be removed from the inflation calculation. Thus, the catego...

  4. Sediment Core Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — FUNCTION: Provides instrumentation and expertise for physical and geoacoustic characterization of marine sediments. DESCRIPTION: The multisensor core logger measures...

  5. Sediment Core Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — FUNCTION: Provides instrumentation and expertise for physical and geoacoustic characterization of marine sediments.DESCRIPTION: The multisensor core logger measures...

  6. Relativistic calculations of 3s2 1S0-3s3p 1P1 and 3s2 1S0-3s3p 3P1,2 transition probabilities in the Mg isoelectronic sequence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Cheng; Gao Xiang; Qing Bo; Zhang Xiao-Le; Li Jia-Ming

    2011-01-01

    Using the multi-configuration Dirac-Fock self-consistent field method and the relativistic configuration-interaction method, calculations of transition energies, oscillator strengths and rates are performed for the 3s2 1S0-3s3p 1P1 spinallowed transition, 3s2 1S0-3s3p 3P1,2 intercombination and magnetic quadrupole transition in the Mg isoelectronic sequence (Mg Ⅰ, Al Ⅱ, Si ⅢⅢ, P Ⅳ and S Ⅴ). Electron correlations are treated adequately, including intravalence electron correlations. The influence of the Breit interaction on oscillator strengths and transition energies are investigated. Quantum electrodynamics corrections are added as corrections. The calculation results are found to be in good agreement with the experimental data and other theoretical calculations.

  7. $\\beta$3$p$-spectroscopy and proton-$\\gamma$ width determination in the decay of $^{31}$Ar

    CERN Multimedia

    We propose to perform a detailed study of the $\\beta$-decay of the dripline nucleus $^{31}$Ar. This will allow a detailed study of the $\\beta$-delayed 3$p$-decay as well as provide important information on the resonances of $^{30}$S and $^{29}$P, in particular the ratio between the $p$- and $\\gamma$- partial widths relevant for astrophysics.

  8. Absence of mutations in the coding sequence of the potential tumor suppressor 3pK in metastatic melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Houben Roland

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Activation of Ras or Raf contributes to tumorigenesis of melanoma. However, constitutive Raf activation is also a characteristic of the majority of benign melanocytic nevi and high intensity signaling of either Ras or Raf was found to induce growth inhibition and senescence rather than transformation. Since the chromosome 3p kinase (3pK is a target of the Ras/Raf/Mek/Erk signaling pathway which antagonizes the function of the oncogene and anti-differentiation factor Bmi-1, 3pK may function as a tumor suppressor in tumors with constitutive Ras/Raf activation. Consequently, we tested whether inactivating 3pK mutations are present in melanoma. Methods 30 metastatic melanoma samples, which were positive for activating mutations of either BRaf or NRas, were analyzed for possible mutations in the 3pk gene. The 10 coding exons and their flanking intron sequences were amplified by PCR and direct sequencing of the PCR products was performed. Results This analysis revealed that besides the presence of some single nucleotide polymorphisms in the 3pk gene, we could not detect any possible loss of function mutation in any of these 30 metastatic melanoma samples selected for the presence of activating mutations within the Ras/Raf/Mek/Erk signaling pathway. Conclusion Hence, in melanoma with constitutively active Ras/Raf inactivating mutations within the 3pk gene do not contribute to the oncogenic phenotype of this highly malignant tumor.

  9. Orbital alignment dependence of electron transfer cross sections. I : H+-Na(3p) near the matching velocity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Müller, U.; Meijer, H.A.J.; Holme, N.C.R.; Kmit, M.; Lauritsen, J.H.V.; Pedersen, J.O.P.; Richter, C.; Thomsen, J.W.; Andersen, N.; Nielsen, S.E.

    1995-01-01

    This paper reports experimental and theoretical results for the influence of target excitation and orbital alignment on the charge exchange process for the system H+-Na(3s,3p). The experimental velocity range covers for the first time the region around and beyond the "matching velocity" of 0.47 a.u.

  10. Radiosensitization effect of hsa-miR-138-2-3p on human laryngeal cancer stem cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Zhu

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Background Treatments that target cancer stem cells play an important role in the controlling and eliminating of tumor initiation as well as in development, progression, and chemotherapy/radiotherapy resistance. In our previous study, we cultured and harvested human laryngeal cancer stem cells (CSCs and applied microRNA biochips to screen differentially expressed miRNAs that were related to radiation tolerance in irradiated human laryngeal CSCs. According to the predicted genes and pathways of differential miRNAs target, down-regulated expression of hsa-miR-138-2-3p under radiation was thought to play a key role in enhancing the radio-sensitivity in human laryngeal squamous cancer stem cells. Method To investigate the radiational enhancement of hsa-miR-138-2-3p, we transfected hsa-miR-138-2-3p mimics that were synthesized based on the sequences of hsa-miR-138-2-3p in vitrointo human laryngeal CSCs (Hep-2, M2e, and TU212 cell lines to make hsa-miR-138-2-3p overexpressed, and the tumorous specialities of CSCs, like cell proliferation, invasion, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and DNA damage were evaluated by CCK-8 assay, clone formation assay, invasion assay, flow cytometry, and comet assay. Furthermore, we explored the signal transduction pathways that regulated the cancer stem cell initiation, development, invasion, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, which were controlled by hsa-miR-138-2-3p. Result Overexpressed hsa-miR-138-2-3p played a key role in many anti-cancer biological processes in human laryngeal CSCs: (1 it decreased laryngeal CSCs proliferation and invasion in response to radiotherapy; (2 it increased the proportion of early and late apoptosis in laryngeal CSCs after radiation, raised G1 phase arrest in laryngeal CSCs after radiation, and decreased the proportion of S stage cells of cell cycle that were related to radio-resistance in laryngeal CSCs; (3 it down-regulated the expression of β-catenin in Wnt signal pathway that was related

  11. Excess of a Rassf1-targeting microRNA, miR-193a-3p, perturbs cell division fidelity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pruikkonen, Sofia; Kallio, Marko J

    2017-05-23

    Several microRNA (miRNA) molecules have emerged as important post-transcriptional regulators of tumour suppressor and oncogene expression. Ras association domain family member 1 (RASSF1) is a critical tumour suppressor that controls multiple aspects of cell proliferation such as cell cycle, cell division and apoptosis. The expression of RASSF1 is lost in a variety of cancers due to the promoter hypermethylation. miR-193a-3p was identified as a RASSF1-targeting miRNA by a dual screening approach. In cultured human cancer cells, immunoblotting, qRT-PCR, luciferase reporter assays, time-lapse microscopy and immunofluorescence methods were used to study the effects of excess miR-193a-3p on RASSF1 expression and cell division. Here, we report a new miRNA-mediated mechanism that regulates RASSF1 expression: miR-193a-3p binds directly to RASSF1-3'UTR and represses the mRNA and protein expression. In human cancer cells, excess of miR-193a-3p causes polyploidy through impairment of the Rassf1-Syntaxin 16 signalling pathway that is needed for completion of cytokinesis. In the next cell cycle the miR-193a-3p-overexpressing cells exhibit multipolar mitotic spindles, mitotic delay and elevated frequency of cell death. Our results suggest that besides epigenetic regulation, altered expression of specific miRNAs may contribute to the loss of Rassf1 in cancer cells and cause cell division errors.

  12. Evidence that intramolecular interactions are involved in masking the activation domain of transcriptional activator Leu3p.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, D; Hu, Y; Zheng, F; Zhou, K; Kohlhaw, G B

    1997-08-01

    The Leu3 protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae regulates the expression of genes involved in branched chain amino acid biosynthesis and in ammonia assimilation. It is modulated by alpha-isopropylmalate, an intermediate in leucine biosynthesis. In the presence of alpha-isopropylmalate, Leu3p is a transcriptional activator. In the absence of the signal molecule, the activation domain is masked, and Leu3p acts as a repressor. The recent discovery that Leu3p retains its regulatory properties when expressed in mammalian cells (Guo, H., and Kohlhaw, G. B. (1996) FEBS Lett. 390, 191-195) suggests that masking and unmasking of the activation domain occur without the participation of auxiliary proteins. Here we present experimental support for this notion and address the mechanism of masking. We show that modulation of Leu3p is exceedingly sensitive to mutations in the activation domain. An activation domain double mutant (D872N/D874N; designated Leu3-dd) was constructed that has the characteristics of a permanently masked activator. Using separately expressed segments containing either the DNA binding domain-middle region or the activation domain of wild type Leu3p (or Leu3-dd) in a modified yeast two-hybrid system, we provide direct evidence for alpha-isopropylmalate-dependent interaction between these segments. Finally, we use the phenotype of Leu3-dd-containing cells (slow growth in the absence of added leucine) to select for suppressor mutations that map to the middle region of Leu3-dd. The properties of nine such suppressors further support the idea that masking is an intramolecular process and suggest a means for mapping the surface involved in masking.

  13. Ice Core Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krim, Jessica; Brody, Michael

    2008-01-01

    What can glaciers tell us about volcanoes and atmospheric conditions? How does this information relate to our understanding of climate change? Ice Core Investigations is an original and innovative activity that explores these types of questions. It brings together popular science issues such as research, climate change, ice core drilling, and air…

  14. Making an Ice Core.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopaska-Merkel, David C.

    1995-01-01

    Explains an activity in which students construct a simulated ice core. Materials required include only a freezer, food coloring, a bottle, and water. This hands-on exercise demonstrates how a glacier is formed, how ice cores are studied, and the nature of precision and accuracy in measurement. Suitable for grades three through eight. (Author/PVD)

  15. Ice Core Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krim, Jessica; Brody, Michael

    2008-01-01

    What can glaciers tell us about volcanoes and atmospheric conditions? How does this information relate to our understanding of climate change? Ice Core Investigations is an original and innovative activity that explores these types of questions. It brings together popular science issues such as research, climate change, ice core drilling, and air…

  16. Iowa Core Annual Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa Department of Education, 2015

    2015-01-01

    One central component of a great school system is a clear set of expectations, or standards, that educators help all students reach. In Iowa, that effort is known as the Iowa Core. The Iowa Core represents the statewide academic standards, which describe what students should know and be able to do in math, science, English language arts, and…

  17. Mercury's core evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deproost, Marie-Hélène; Rivoldini, Attilio; Van Hoolst, Tim

    2016-10-01

    Remote sensing data of Mercury's surface by MESSENGER indicate that Mercury formed under reducing conditions. As a consequence, silicon is likely the main light element in the core together with a possible small fraction of sulfur. Compared to sulfur, which does almost not partition into solid iron at Mercury's core conditions and strongly decreases the melting temperature, silicon partitions almost equally well between solid and liquid iron and is not very effective at reducing the melting temperature of iron. Silicon as the major light element constituent instead of sulfur therefore implies a significantly higher core liquidus temperature and a decrease in the vigor of compositional convection generated by the release of light elements upon inner core formation.Due to the immiscibility in liquid Fe-Si-S at low pressure (below 15 GPa), the core might also not be homogeneous and consist of an inner S-poor Fe-Si core below a thinner Si-poor Fe-S layer. Here, we study the consequences of a silicon-rich core and the effect of the blanketing Fe-S layer on the thermal evolution of Mercury's core and on the generation of a magnetic field.

  18. Expression of caspase-3, p53 and Bcl-2 in generalized aggressive periodontitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özdemir B Handan

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Apoptosis, or programmed cell death is a form of physiological cell death. It is increased or decreased in the presence of infection, inflammation or tissue remodelling. Previous studies suggest that apoptosis is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory periodontal disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical features and known indicators of apoptosis (p53, Bcl-2, Caspase-3 in patients with generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP Methods Eight patients with GAP, who had sites with probing depths (PD > 5 mm, and 10 periodontally-healthy persons were included in the study. Clinical examinations and PD were performed, and the plaque index and gingival index were recorded. Gingival tissues biopsies were obtained from active site of each patient and from healthy individuals. The expression of caspase-3, Bcl-2, and p53 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry Results There were no significant differences between GAP and control group with respect to levels of caspase-3 and p53 expression (P > 0.05. Contrary, the frequency of grade 3 expression of Bcl-2 was higher in GAP group than the control group. Conclusion The higher frequency of Bcl-2 expression in GAP group indicates and delayed apoptosis can lead to increasing resident inflammatory cells in periodontal tissues and resulting in progressive periodontal destruction.

  19. Experimental determination of LMFBR seismic equivalent core model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fontaine, B.; Buland, P.; Fegeant, O.; Gantenbein, F. [CEA Centre d`Etudes de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    1995-12-31

    The main phenomena which influence an LMFBR core seismic response are the fluid structure interaction and the impacts between subassemblies. To study the core behaviour seismic tests and calculations have been performed on the core mock-up RAPSODIE in air or in water and for different excitation levels. (author). 2 refs., 6 figs.

  20. Mars' core and magnetism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stevenson, D J

    2001-07-12

    The detection of strongly magnetized ancient crust on Mars is one of the most surprising outcomes of recent Mars exploration, and provides important insight about the history and nature of the martian core. The iron-rich core probably formed during the hot accretion of Mars approximately 4.5 billion years ago and subsequently cooled at a rate dictated by the overlying mantle. A core dynamo operated much like Earth's current dynamo, but was probably limited in duration to several hundred million years. The early demise of the dynamo could have arisen through a change in the cooling rate of the mantle, or even a switch in convective style that led to mantle heating. Presently, Mars probably has a liquid, conductive outer core and might have a solid inner core like Earth.

  1. Optimal core acquisition and remanufacturing policies under uncertain core quality fractions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teunter, Ruud H.; Flapper, Simme Douwe P.

    2011-01-01

    Cores acquired by a remanufacturer are typically highly variable in quality. Even if the expected fractions of the various quality levels are known, then the exact fractions when acquiring cores are still uncertain. Our model incorporates this uncertainty in determining optimal acquisition decisions

  2. The t-core of an s-core

    OpenAIRE

    Fayers, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    We consider the $t$-core of an $s$-core partition, when $s$ and $t$ are coprime positive integers. Olsson has shown that the $t$-core of an $s$-core is again an $s$-core, and we examine certain actions of the affine symmetric group on $s$-cores which preserve the $t$-core of an $s$-core. Along the way, we give a new proof of Olsson's result. We also give a new proof of a result of Vandehey, showing that there is a simultaneous $s$- and $t$-core which contains all others.

  3. The t-core of an s-core

    OpenAIRE

    Fayers, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    We consider the $t$-core of an $s$-core partition, when $s$ and $t$ are coprime positive integers. Olsson has shown that the $t$-core of an $s$-core is again an $s$-core, and we examine certain actions of the affine symmetric group on $s$-cores which preserve the $t$-core of an $s$-core. Along the way, we give a new proof of Olsson's result. We also give a new proof of a result of Vandehey, showing that there is a simultaneous $s$- and $t$-core which contains all others.

  4. Korrelasjon mellom core styrke, core stabilitet og utholdende styrke i core

    OpenAIRE

    Berg-Olsen, Andrea Marie; Fugelsøy, Eivor; Maurstad, Ann-Louise

    2010-01-01

    Formålet med studien var å se hvilke korrelasjon det er mellom core styrke, core stabilitet og utholdende styrke i core. Testingen bestod av tre hoveddeler hvor vi testet core styrke, core stabilitet og utholdende styrke i core. Innenfor core styrke og utholdende styrke i core ble tre ulike tester utført. Ved måling av core stabilitet ble det gjennomført kun en test. I core styrke ble isometrisk abdominal fleksjon, isometrisk rygg ekstensjon og isometrisk lateral fleksjon testet. Sit-ups p...

  5. Korrelasjon mellom core styrke, core stabilitet og utholdende styrke i core

    OpenAIRE

    Berg-Olsen, Andrea Marie; Fugelsøy, Eivor; Maurstad, Ann-Louise

    2010-01-01

    Formålet med studien var å se hvilke korrelasjon det er mellom core styrke, core stabilitet og utholdende styrke i core. Testingen bestod av tre hoveddeler hvor vi testet core styrke, core stabilitet og utholdende styrke i core. Innenfor core styrke og utholdende styrke i core ble tre ulike tester utført. Ved måling av core stabilitet ble det gjennomført kun en test. I core styrke ble isometrisk abdominal fleksjon, isometrisk rygg ekstensjon og isometrisk lateral fleksjon testet. Sit-ups p...

  6. Earth's inner core: Innermost inner core or hemispherical variations?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lythgoe, K. H.; Deuss, A.; Rudge, J. F.; Neufeld, J. A.

    2014-01-01

    The structure of Earth's deep inner core has important implications for core evolution, since it is thought to be related to the early stages of core formation. Previous studies have suggested that there exists an innermost inner core with distinct anisotropy relative to the rest of the inner core.

  7. Earth's inner core: Innermost inner core or hemispherical variations?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lythgoe, K. H.; Deuss, A.; Rudge, J. F.; Neufeld, J. A.

    2014-01-01

    The structure of Earth's deep inner core has important implications for core evolution, since it is thought to be related to the early stages of core formation. Previous studies have suggested that there exists an innermost inner core with distinct anisotropy relative to the rest of the inner core.

  8. Evaluation of electron population terms for 4p, 3p, and (2p): how do HOMO and LUMO shrink or expand depending on nuclear charges?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakanishi, Waro; Hayashi, Satoko; Narahara, Kenji; Yamaki, Daisuke; Hada, Masahiko

    2008-01-01

    Electron population terms are evaluated for N=Se, S, and O. Calculations are performed on HOMO and LUMO constructed by pure atomic 4p(Se), 3p(S), and 2p(O) orbitals, employing the 6-311+G(3d) and/or 6-311(++)G(3df,3pd) basis sets at the HF, MP2, and DFT (B3 LYP) levels. Se(4+), Se(2+), Se(0), and Se(2-) with the O(h) symmetry are called G(A: Se) and HSe(+), H(2)Se, and HSe(-) with the C(infinityh) or C(2v) symmetry are named G(B: Se), here [G(A+B: Se) in all]. HOMO and LUMO in G(A+B: N) (N=Se, S, and O) satisfy the conditions of the calculations for . The (4p), (3p), and (2p) values correlate well with the corresponding MO energies (epsilon(N)) for all calculation levels employed. Plots of (HOMO) and (LUMO) versus Q(N) (N=Se, S, and O) at the HF and MP2 levels are analyzed as two correlations. However, the plots at the DFT level can be analyzed as single correlation. A regression curve is assumed for the analysis. Behaviors of clarify how valence orbitals shrink or expand depending on Q(N). The applicability of is examined to establish a new method that enables us to analyze chemical shifts with the charge effect separately from others. A utility program derived from the Gaussian 03 (NMRANAL-NH03G) is applied to evaluate and examine the applicability to the NMR analysis.

  9. Drilling history core hole DC-4

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-12-01

    Core hole DC-4 was completed at a depth of 3998 feet in December, 1978 by Boyles Brothers Drilling Company, Spokane, Washington, under subcontract to Fenix and Scission, Inc. The hole was cored for the US Department of Energy and the Rockwell Hanford Operations' Basalt Waste Isolation Program. Fenix and Sicsson, Inc. furnished the engineering, daily supervision of the cable tool and core drilling activities, and geological core logging for DC-4. Core hole DC-4 is located on the Hanford Site about 3 miles east of the Yakima Barricade and approximately 103 feet southwest of rotary hole DC-5, which was completed to 3990 feet in February, 1978. Hanford Site coordinates reported for hole DC-4 are north 49,385.62 feet and west 85,207.63 feet, and Washington State coordinates are north 454,468.73 feet and east 2,209,990.87 feet. No elevation survey is available for hole DC-4, but it is approximately 745 feet above mean sea level based upon the survey of hole DC-5, which has a reported elevation of 745.16 feet on the top of the 3-inch flange. The purpose of core hole DC-4 was to core drill vertically through the basalt and interbed units for stratigraphic depth determination and core collection, and to provide a borehole for hydrologic testing, cross-hole seismic shear, and pressure wave velocity studies with rotary hole DC-5. Hole DC-4 was drilled through the overburden into basalt bedrock by cable tool methods (0-623 feet) and continuously cored through the final interval (623 to 3998 feet).Core recovery was 95.8 percent of the total footage cored.

  10. Polymeric nanoparticle-based delivery of microRNA-199a-3p inhibits proliferation and growth of osteosarcoma cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang L

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Linlin Zhang,1,2,* Arun K lyer,3,4,* Xiaoqian Yang,1 Eisuke Kobayashi,1 Yuqi Guo,1,2 Henry Mankin,1 Francis J Hornicek,1 Mansoor M Amiji,3 Zhenfeng Duan1 1Sarcoma Biology Laboratory, Center for Sarcoma and Connective Tissue Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; 2Department of Pathology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; 4Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Our prior screening of microRNAs (miRs identified that miR-199a-3p expression is reduced in osteosarcoma cells, one of the most common types of bone tumor. miR-199a-3p exhibited functions of tumor cell growth inhibition, suggesting the potential application of miR-199a-3p as an anticancer agent. In the study reported here, we designed and developed a lipid-modified dextran-based polymeric nanoparticle platform for encapsulation of miRs, and determined the efficiency and efficacy of delivering miR-199a-3p into osteosarcoma cells. In addition, another potent miR, let-7a, which also displayed tumor suppressive ability, was selected as a candidate miR for evaluation. Fluorescence microscopy studies and real-time polymerase chain reaction results showed that dextran nanoparticles could deliver both miR-199a-3p and let-7a into osteosarcoma cell lines (KHOS and U-2OS successfully. Western blotting analysis and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT assays demonstrated that dextran nanoparticles loaded with miRs could efficiently downregulate the expression of target proteins and effectively inhibit the growth and proliferation of osteosarcoma cells. These results demonstrate that a lipid-modified dextran

  11. Core shroud corner joints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmore, Charles B.; Forsyth, David R.

    2013-09-10

    A core shroud is provided, which includes a number of planar members, a number of unitary corners, and a number of subassemblies each comprising a combination of the planar members and the unitary corners. Each unitary corner comprises a unitary extrusion including a first planar portion and a second planar portion disposed perpendicularly with respect to the first planar portion. At least one of the subassemblies comprises a plurality of the unitary corners disposed side-by-side in an alternating opposing relationship. A plurality of the subassemblies can be combined to form a quarter perimeter segment of the core shroud. Four quarter perimeter segments join together to form the core shroud.

  12. Photoassociation spectroscopy of long-range molecular states below the 2s + 3p 6Li2 asymptote

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Christian; Chaudhuri, Saptarishi; Gan, Jaren; Dieckmann, Kai

    2015-05-01

    We present photoassociation spectra of high-lying vibrational states of the interatomic potentials correlating to the 2s + 3p asymptote of 6Li2 . Starting from an atomic cloud in a magneto-optical trap we first drive a free-to-bound transition into a molecular bound state using a tunable ultra-violet laser. Thereafter we ionize these long-range molecules using a 532 nm laser and detect the resulting ions with a channeltron. We determine the absolute positions of the transitions with MHz precision utilizing a frequency comb based calibration. Lithium dimers are extensively studied theoretically using various models and methods. Spectroscopic measurements are crucial to test and benchmark these methods and are available for various electronic states and inter-nuclear distances of 6Li2 molecule. Our study provides the first experimental observation of long-range states of the 2s + 3p asymptote of 6Li2 .

  13. Efficient transfer hydrogenation reaction Catalyzed by a dearomatized PN 3P ruthenium pincer complex under base-free Conditions

    KAUST Repository

    He, Lipeng

    2012-03-01

    A dearomatized complex [RuH(PN 3P)(CO)] (PN 3PN, N′-bis(di-tert-butylphosphino)-2,6-diaminopyridine) (3) was prepared by reaction of the aromatic complex [RuH(Cl)(PN 3P)(CO)] (2) with t-BuOK in THF. Further treatment of 3 with formic acid led to the formation of a rearomatized complex (4). These new complexes were fully characterized and the molecular structure of complex 4 was further confirmed by X-ray crystallography. In complex 4, a distorted square-pyramidal geometry around the ruthenium center was observed, with the CO ligand trans to the pyridinic nitrogen atom and the hydride located in the apical position. The dearomatized complex 3 displays efficient catalytic activity for hydrogen transfer of ketones in isopropanol. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. MicroRNAs 142-3p, miR-155 and miR-203 Are Deregulated in Gastric MALT Lymphomas Compared to Chronic Gastritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, Concepción; Bellosillo, Beatriz; Ferraro, Mariana; Seoane, Agustín; Sánchez-González, Blanca; Pairet, Silvia; Pons, Aina; Barranco, Luis; Vela, María Carmen; Gimeno, Eva; Colomo, Lluís; Besses, Carles; Navarro, Alfons; Salar, Antonio

    2017-01-02

    Over the last years, our knowledge on pathogenesis of gastric MALT lymphoma has greatly improved, but its morphological diagnosis is still hampered by overlapping histological features with advanced chronic gastritis. MicroRNAs are deregulated in lymphomas, but their role and usefulness in gastric MALT lymphoma has not been extensively investigated. We analyzed the expression of 384 miRNAs using TaqMan microRNA assay in a training series of 10 gastric MALT lymphomas, 3 chronic gastritis and 2 reactive lymph nodes. Then, significantly deregulated miRNAs were individually assessed by real-time PCR in a validation series of 16 gastric MALT lymphomas and 12 chronic gastritis. Gastric MALT lymphoma is characterized by a specific miRNA expression profile. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs, a significant overexpression of miR-142-3p and miR-155 and down-regulation of miR-203 was observed in gastric MALT lymphoma when compared to chronic gastritis. miR-142-3p, miR-155 and miR-203 expression levels might be helpful biomarkers for the differential diagnosis between gastric MALT lymphomas and chronic gastritis. Copyright© 2017, International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. George J. Delinasios), All rights reserved.

  15. Stationary and dispersive features in resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering at the Ge 3p resonances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glover, C.J. [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia); Schmitt, T. [SLS, Paul Scherrer Institut, PSI West, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Mattesini, M. [Departamento de Fisica de la Tierra, Astronomia y Astrofisica I, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 (Spain); Adell, M.; Ilver, L.; Kanski, J. [Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Goeteborg (Sweden); Kjeldgaard, L. [MAX-lab, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, SE-22100 Lund (Sweden); Agaker, M. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, Uppsala University, PO Box 530, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Martensson, N. [MAX-lab, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, SE-22100 Lund (Sweden); Department of Physics and Materials Science, Uppsala University, PO Box 530, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Ahuja, R.; Nordgren, J. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, Uppsala University, PO Box 530, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Rubensson, J.-E. [Department of Physics and Materials Science, Uppsala University, PO Box 530, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden)], E-mail: jan-erik.rubensson@fysik.uu.se

    2009-07-15

    Resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering at the 3p resonances in crystalline Ge is presented. Both stationary and dispersive features are observed in a wide energy range above as well as below the ionization limits. These observations are in agreement with theoretical predictions based on a two-step model where the initially excited electron has no influence on the emission step. Excess population of states in the conduction band is found, and discussed in terms of attosecond electron dynamics.

  16. Nonlinear Zeeman effect in photoassociation spectra of $^{40}$Ca near the $^3$P$_1$+$^1$S$_0$ asymptote

    CERN Document Server

    Tiemann, Eberhard; Pachomow, Evgenij; Riehle, Fritz; Sterr, Uwe

    2015-01-01

    We present calculations of the Zeeman effect of narrow photoassociation lines of $^{40}$Ca near the $^3$P$_1$ + $^1$S$_0$ asymptote. Using a coupled-channel model we find a nonlinear Zeeman effect that even at low fields of a few mT amounts to several kHz. With this model we analyze previous measurements and give corrected long range dispersion coefficients of the $^3\\Pi_{u}$ and $^3\\Sigma^+ _{u}$ states.

  17. A software platform to analyse the ethical issues of electronic patient privacy policy: the S3P example

    OpenAIRE

    Mizani, M A; Baykal, N

    2007-01-01

    Paper‐based privacy policies fail to resolve the new changes posed by electronic healthcare. Protecting patient privacy through electronic systems has become a serious concern and is the subject of several recent studies. The shift towards an electronic privacy policy introduces new ethical challenges that cannot be solved merely by technical measures. Structured Patient Privacy Policy (S3P) is a software tool assuming an automated electronic privacy policy in an electronic healthcare setting...

  18. miR-130b-3p Upregulation Contributes to the Development of Thyroid Adenomas Targeting CCDC6 Gene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leone, Vincenza; Langella, Concetta; Esposito, Francesco; De Martino, Marco; Decaussin-Petrucci, Myriam; Chiappetta, Gennaro; Bianco, Antonio; Fusco, Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    We have previously studied the function of microRNAs (miRNAs) in thyroid cells using the differentiated rat thyroid PC Cl 3 cells that need thyrotropin (TSH) for their growth. The miRNA expression profile examination allowed the detection of a set of miRNAs downregulated and upregulated by TSH. Here, we first demonstrated that upregulation of miR-130b-3p occurs through a protein kinase A-cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB)-dependent mechanism. Then, we analyzed its expression in human thyroid follicular adenomas, where a constitutive CREB activation is frequently present. miR-130b-3p results in upregulation with a high fold-change in most thyroid follicular adenomas. Then, we identified CCDC6, coding for a protein that interacts with CREB1 leading to the transcriptional repression of CREB1 target genes, as a target of this miRNA. The targeting of CCDC6 by miR-130b-3p likely accounts for the mechanism by which its upregulation contributes to the development of thyroid adenomas increasing CREB1 activity. PMID:26835423

  19. New high-pressure polymorph of In2S3 with defect Th3P4-type structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Xiaojing; Zhu, Feng; Wu, Ye; Huang, Rong; Wu, Xiang; Zhang, Qian; Yang, Ke; Qin, Shan

    2014-02-01

    The high pressure behavior of β-In2S3 (I41/amd and Z=16) has been studied by in situ synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction combined with diamond anvil cell up to 71.7 GPa. Three pressure-induced phase transitions are evidenced at ~6.6 GPa, ~11.1 GPa at room temperature and 35.6 GPa after the high-temperature annealing using a portable laser heating system. The new polymorph of In2S3 at 35.6 GPa is assigned to the denser cubic defect Th3P4 structure (I4bar3d and Z=5.333), whose unit-cell parameters are a=7.557(1) Å and V=431.6(2) Å3. The Th3P4-type phase can be stable at least up to 71.7 GPa and cannot be preserved at ambient pressure. The pressure-volume relationship is well described by the second-order Birch-Murnaghan Equation of State, which yields B0=63(3) GPa and B0‧=4 (fixed) for the β-In2S3 phase and B0=87(3) GPa and B0‧=4 (fixed) for the defect Th3P4-type phase respectively.

  20. Delineation of the 3p14.1p13 microdeletion associated with syndromic distal limb contractures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thevenon, Julien; Monnier, Nicole; Callier, Patrick; Dieterich, Klaus; Francoise, Michel; Montgomery, Tara; Kjaergaard, Susanne; Neas, Katherine; Dixon, Joanne; Dahm, Thomas Lee; Huet, Frédéric; Ragon, Clémence; Mosca-Boidron, Anne-Laure; Marle, Nathalie; Duplomb, Laurence; Aubriot-Lorton, Marie-Hélène; Mugneret, Francine; Vokes, Steve A; Tucker, Haley W; Lunardi, Joël; Faivre, Laurence; Jouk, Pierre Simon; Thauvin-Robinet, Christel

    2014-12-01

    Distal limb contractures (DLC) represent a heterogeneous clinical and genetic condition. Overall, 20-25% of the DLC are caused by mutations in genes encoding the muscle contractile apparatus. Large interstitial deletions of the 3p have already been diagnosed by standard chromosomal analysis, but not associated with a specific phenotype. We report on four patients with syndromic DLC presenting with a de novo 3p14.1p13 microdeletion. The clinical features associated multiple contractures, feeding problems, developmental delay, and intellectual disability. Facial dysmorphism was constant with low-set posteriorly rotated ears and blepharophimosis. Review of previously reported cases with a precise mapping of the deletions, documented a 250 kb smallest region of overlap (SRO) necessary for DLC. This region contained one gene, EIF4E3, the first three exons of the FOXP1 gene, and an intronic enhancer of FOXP1 named hs1149. Sanger sequencing and locus quantification of hs1149, EIF4E3, and FOXP1 in a cohort of 11 French patients affected by DLC appeared normal. In conclusion, we delineate a new microdeletion syndrome involving the 3p14.1p13 locus and associated with DLC and severe developmental delay. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Inhibition of bacterial conjugation by phage M13 and its protein g3p: quantitative analysis and model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham Lin

    Full Text Available Conjugation is the main mode of horizontal gene transfer that spreads antibiotic resistance among bacteria. Strategies for inhibiting conjugation may be useful for preserving the effectiveness of antibiotics and preventing the emergence of bacterial strains with multiple resistances. Filamentous bacteriophages were first observed to inhibit conjugation several decades ago. Here we investigate the mechanism of inhibition and find that the primary effect on conjugation is occlusion of the conjugative pilus by phage particles. This interaction is mediated primarily by phage coat protein g3p, and exogenous addition of the soluble fragment of g3p inhibited conjugation at low nanomolar concentrations. Our data are quantitatively consistent with a simple model in which association between the pili and phage particles or g3p prevents transmission of an F plasmid encoding tetracycline resistance. We also observe a decrease in the donor ability of infected cells, which is quantitatively consistent with a reduction in pili elaboration. Since many antibiotic-resistance factors confer susceptibility to phage infection through expression of conjugative pili (the receptor for filamentous phage, these results suggest that phage may be a source of soluble proteins that slow the spread of antibiotic resistance genes.

  2. Phase transformation and disorder effect on optical and electrical properties of Zn3P2 thin films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Zawawi, I K; Abdel Moez, A; Hammad, T R; Ibrahim, R S

    2012-08-01

    The phase transformation of zinc phosphide (Zn(3)P(2)) thin films was detected through isochronal annealing process. The effects on isochronal annealing on the internal structural, optical and electrical properties of deposited Zn(3)P(2) thin films have been discussed. The films were prepared by thermal evaporation under constant preparation conditions of vacuum 1.3×10(-5)Torr, substrate temperature (300K), rate of deposition (∼1nm/s) and film thickness (480nm). The annealing process was carried out under vacuum for 2h at different temperatures ranging from 373 to 623K. X-ray diffraction patterns showed that the as-deposited films and those annealed at temperatures less than 623K exhibit amorphous structure, while the films annealed at 623K showed tetragonal polycrystalline structure. The optical transmission and reflection spectra were measured at the wavelength range of 190-2500nm. The absorption coefficient spectra and the degree of disorder as measured from the absorption edge were determined. The indirect and direct optical energy band gaps were evaluated for indirect allowed and direct allowed transitions for amorphous and polycrystalline films, respectively. The refractive index n(o) increases with raising the annealing temperature which refers to more condensation in the material. The electrical resistivity for Zn(3)P(2) films decreases exponentially with raising the annealing temperature up to 623K as influenced by structure transformation and decreasing the degree of disorder in the films.

  3. The fast C(3P) + CH3OH reaction as an efficient loss process for gas-phase interstellar methanol

    CERN Document Server

    Shannon, Robin J; Loison, Jean-Christophe; Caubet, Philippe; Balucani, Nadia; Seakins, Paul W; Wakelam, Valentine; Hickson, Kevin M

    2014-01-01

    Rate constants for the C(3P) + CH3OH reaction have been measured in a continuous supersonic flow reactor over the range 50 K to 296 K. C(3P) was created by the in-situ pulsed laser photolysis of CBr4, a multiphoton process which also produced some C(1D), allowing us to investigate simultaneously the low temperature kinetics of the C(1D) + CH3OH reaction. C(1D) atoms were followed by an indirect chemiluminescent tracer method in the presence of excess CH3OH. C(3P) atoms were detected by the same chemiluminescence technique and also by direct vacuum ultra-violet laser induced fluorescence (VUV LIF). Secondary measurements of product H(2S) atom formation have been undertaken allowing absolute H atom yields to be obtained by comparison with a suitable reference reaction. In parallel, statistical calculations have been performed based on ab-initio calculations of the complexes, adducts and transition states (TSs) relevant to the title reaction. By comparison with the experimental H atom yields, the preferred react...

  4. MicroRNA 874-3p Exerts Skeletal Anabolic Effects Epigenetically during Weaning by Suppressing Hdac1 Expression*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushwaha, Priyanka; Khedgikar, Vikram; Sharma, Deepika; Yuen, Tony; Gautam, Jyoti; Ahmad, Naseer; Karvande, Anirudha; Mishra, Prabhat R.; Trivedi, Prabodh K.; Sun, Li; Bhadada, Sanjay K.; Zaidi, Mone; Trivedi, Ritu

    2016-01-01

    Embryonic skeletogenesis and postnatal bone development require the transfer of calcium from the mother to the offspring during pregnancy and lactation. Therefore, bone resorption in the mother becomes elevated during these periods, resulting in significant maternal skeletal loss. There follows an anabolic phase around weaning during which there is a remarkable recovery of the maternal skeleton. However, the mechanism(s) of this anabolic response remain(s) largely unknown. We identified eight differentially expressed miRNAs by array profiling, of which miR-874-3p was highly expressed at weaning, a time when bone loss was noted to recover. We report that this weaning-associated miRNA is an anabolic target. Therefore, an agomir of miR-874-3p induced osteoblast differentiation and mineralization. These actions were mediated through the inhibition of Hdac1 expression and enhanced Runx2 transcriptional activation. When injected in vivo, the agomir significantly increased osteoblastogenesis and mineralization, reversed bone loss caused by ovariectomy, and increased bone strength. We speculate that elevated miR-874-3p expression during weaning enhances bone formation and that this miRNA may become a therapeutic target for conditions of bone loss. PMID:26663087

  5. Biospecimen Core Resource - TCGA

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Biospecimen Core Resource centralized laboratory reviews and processes blood and tissue samples and their associated data using optimized standard operating procedures for the entire TCGA Research Network.

  6. NICHD Zebrafish Core

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The core[HTML_REMOVED]s goal is to help researchers of any expertise perform zebrafish experiments aimed at illuminating basic biology and human disease mechanisms,...

  7. iPSC Core

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC) Core was created in 2011 to accelerate stem cell research in the NHLBI by providing investigators consultation, technical...

  8. Reference: -300CORE [PLACE

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available -300CORE Forde BG, Heyworth A, Pywell J, Kreis M Nucleotide sequence of a B1 hordein gene and the identifica...tion of possible upstream regulatory elements in endosperm storage protein genes fr

  9. INTEGRAL core programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehrels, N.; Schoenfelder, V.; Ubertini, P.; Winkler, C.

    1997-01-01

    The International Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL) mission is described with emphasis on the INTEGRAL core program. The progress made in the planning activities for the core program is reported on. The INTEGRAL mission has a nominal lifetime of two years with a five year extension option. The observing time will be divided between the core program (between 30 and 35 percent during the first two years) and general observations. The core program consists of three main elements: the deep survey of the Galactic plane in the central radian of the Galaxy; frequent scans of the Galactic plane in the search for transient sources, and pointed observations of several selected sources. The allocation of the observation time is detailed and the sensitivities of the observations are outlined.

  10. Focusing on Core Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China is regulating state-owned enterprises that are investing outside of their core business realms, concerned that poor investment decisions could lead to loss of state-owned assets, but some doubt the effect of the new regulation

  11. Organizing Core Tasks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boll, Karen

    Civil servants conduct the work which makes welfare states functions on an everyday bases: Police men police, school teachers teach, and tax inspectors inspect. Focus in this paper is on the core tasks of tax inspectors. The paper argues that their core task of securing the collection of revenue...... has remained much the same within the last 10 years. However, how the core task has been organized has changed considerable under the influence of various “organizing devices”. The paper focusses on how organizing devices such as risk assessment, output-focus, effect orientation, and treatment...... projects influence the organization of core tasks within the tax administration. The paper shows that the organizational transformations based on the use of these devices have had consequences both for the overall collection of revenue and for the employees’ feeling of “making a difference”. All in all...

  12. miR-142-3p as a biomarker of blastocyst implantation failure - A pilot study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borges Jr., Edson; Setti, Amanda Souza; Braga, Daniela P.A.F.; Geraldo, Murilo V; Figueira, Rita de Cássia S; Iaconelli Jr, Assumpto

    2016-01-01

    Objective This study aims to find whether microRNAs (miRNAs) detected in the culture medium of embryos produced in vitro could be potential biomarkers of embryo implantation. Methods Culture media samples from 36 embryos, derived from patients undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in a private university-affiliated IVF center, were collected between January/2015 and November/2015. Samples were collected on day three and embryo transfers were performed on day five and all embryos reached the blastocyst stage. Samples were split into groups according to the embryo implantation result: Positive-Implantation-Group (n=18) or Negative-Implantation-Group (n=18). For the first analysis, samples were pooled in three sets for each group (6-7 spent media per pool). MicroRNAs were extracted from spent media and cDNA was synthesized. C. elegans miR-39 was used as RNA spike-in to normalize the gene expression analysis. The expression of microRNAs into the spent media from the Positive-Implantation-Group was compared with those from the Negative-Implantation-Group. A set of seven miRNAs (miR-21, miR-142-3p, miR-19b, miR-92a, miR-20b, miR-125a and miR148a) selected according with the literature, was tested. To check whether miRNAs could be detected in individual samples of culture media, in a second analysis, ten more samples were tested for miR-21 and miR-142-3p. Results From the sevens tested miRNAs, a significant increased expression of miR-142-3p could be noted in the Negative-Implantation-Group (P<0.001). For other three miRNAs (miR-21, miR-19b and miR-92a) a difference in expression was observed, however it did not reach a statistical significance. In addition, when ten non-redundant samples were tested to check if miRNAs could be detected in individual samples of culture media, the highly specific amplification of mature miRNAs, including miR-142-3p, could be noted. Conclusion Our findings suggest that miR-142-3p, previously described as a tumor suppressor and

  13. Yeast mitochondrial biogenesis: a role for the PUF RNA-binding protein Puf3p in mRNA localization.

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    Yann Saint-Georges

    Full Text Available The asymmetric localization of mRNA plays an important role in coordinating posttranscriptional events in eukaryotic cells. We investigated the peripheral mitochondrial localization of nuclear-encoded mRNAs (MLR in various conditions in which the mRNA binding protein context and the translation efficiency were altered. We identified Puf3p, a Pumilio family RNA-binding protein, as the first trans-acting factor controlling the MLR phenomenon. This allowed the characterization of two classes of genes whose mRNAs are translated to the vicinity of mitochondria. Class I mRNAs (256 gene