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  1. 14 CFR 1206.601 - Mail, fax and e-mail requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mail, fax and e-mail requests. 1206.601... AGENCY RECORDS TO MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC Procedures § 1206.601 Mail, fax and e-mail requests. In view of... Aeronautics and Space Administration.” NASA cannot be responsible for cash sent by mail; stamps will not...

  2. 43 CFR 2.6 - Will the Department accept written requests, including fax, e-mail, or telephone requests, for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Will the Department accept written requests, including fax, e-mail, or telephone requests, for routinely available information? 2.6 Section 2... Department accept written requests, including fax, e-mail, or telephone requests, for routinely...

  3. E-mail: Outlook Express

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainul Bakri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu layanan Internet yang sangat penting adalah electronic mail atau sering hanya disebut sebagai e-mail. Untuk menggunakan e-mail, diperlukan piranti lunak khusus supaya pengguna dapat mengirim dan menerima e-mail. Jenis piranti lunak e-mail diantaranya adalah Outlook Express yang merupakan satu paket yang didistribusikan bersama Internet Explorer versi 4. Piranti lunak ini dijalankan pada PC yang mempunyai sistem operasi Windows 95 atau 98. Jenis piranti lunak e-mail yang lain adalah Eudora, Pegasus dan sebagainya. Bahkan ada yang diintegrasikan dengan Web Browser (alat untuk menelusuri situs Web misalnya IE,dan Netscape.Sebagai layaknya pelayanan pos, maka setiap pengguna e-mail mempunyai alamat tertentu yang tidak mungkin dipunyai oleh pengguna lainnya diseluruh dunia. Untuk keperluan pendistribusian, maka e-mail mempunyai semacam kantor pos yang ditempatkan dalam sebuah komputer server (mail server atau sering disebut sebagai host. 

  4. Business e-mail communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bengin Senka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a discourse analysis in the business e-mail communication with the aim of determining formal and informal linquistic characteristics. Researched corpus has been based on 148 e-mails exchanged between a manager employed in a marketing agency and his clients. The research is based on Speech Act Theory and Theory of Politeness. It has been found that the analyzed business e-mail correspondence is mostly characterized as informal, even with the characteristics of colloquial communication, unlike the expected characteristics of formal business style.

  5. 善用E-mail

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐慧

    2001-01-01

    @@ 我们今天的工作已经离不开E-mail了,但怎样用好E-mail(不是指E-mail的操作技术),却有很多"讲究".如果我们能善用E-mail,就能给我们的的职业生涯带来有益的帮助.本文谈几则笔者的亲身经历,希望能对您有点启发.

  6. Hooked on E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espinoza, Kathy

    2011-01-01

    Information overload, and an expectation that e-mails, tweets, and text messages will be answered immediately, impact productivity. The younger, information-addicted workers have a greater capacity to process this open floodgate of information, as well as a better ability to multitask. Research suggests that there is a marked drop in worker…

  7. Netiquette: e-mail for group practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Jennifer A

    2007-01-01

    E-mail is a relatively new tool in business and communication, and it has unique nuances. Effective use of e-mail and its features can enhance performance, interaction, even morale. Misuse of e-mail can be a legal liability and damage relationships within your practice. This article provides a guide to optimizing the use of e-mail within your practice. PMID:17425016

  8. Keeping E-Mail in Top Form

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsborough, Reid

    2005-01-01

    Despite the fact that e-mail has been firmly entrenched in offices and homes for some time, debate still rages online about e-mail usage and style. How should and e-mail message begin and end? If replying to a message, should the message be quoted before or after? What tone should be taken with a business e-mail? The author talked with some heavy…

  9. Senior Citizens Who Use E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark-Wroblewski, Kimberly; Edelbaum, Jessica K.; Ryan, Joseph J.

    2007-01-01

    Increases in the aging population and use of computer-related technology have spawned research regarding older adults' use of the Internet. This study examined characteristics differentiating rural Midwestern senior citizens (N = 298) who use e-mail from those who do not. Compared to those who did not use e-mail, e-mail-using seniors were younger…

  10. Management and Archiving e-mail Messages in Governmental Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraf Mohamed A.Mohsen

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The study deals great issue of digital preservation that is e-mail archiving, it covered all aspects of the topic; it discuss: e-mail system, components of e-mail message, advantages and disadvantages of e-mail, official e-mail messages, management of e-mail messages, organizing and arrangement of e-mail messages, keeping and deleting messages, archiving e-mail messages, and some related issues like: privacy and security.

  11. E-Mail and Ethical Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Loretta J.; Hendricks, Bret

    2009-01-01

    The proliferation of the use of e-mail and texting has created some ethical dilemmas for family counselors. Although e-mail can expand and encourage communication, it is not problem free and, in fact, can pose problems. There are issues with privacy, confidentiality, and maintaining an appropriate professional relationship. Family counselors…

  12. Did You Get My E-Mail? Moving E-Mails beyond the Inbox

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Susan J.

    2011-01-01

    The challenge today is how to make e-mail and other forms of electronic communication effective in motivating volunteer action. Is it possible to make e-mails feel personal and welcoming? E-mail, instant messaging, texting, and social media are tools that allow individuals to communicate quickly and inexpensively, but they are lifeless without the…

  13. E-Mail in International Negotiation

    OpenAIRE

    Bülow, Anne Marie

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the advantages and disadvantages of the use of e-mail to obtain agreement between two parties with overlapping but also conflicting interests. The literature on Media Richness suggests that e-mail is too lean to facilitate agreement; but all supporting evidence stems from homogenous populations. This paper, however, starts from the hypothesis that in connection with lingua franca interaction, the text format provides advantages for parties that need to think how to phr...

  14. Troubleshooting Requests e-mail Confirmation

    CERN Document Server

    TS Department

    2004-01-01

    In an ongoing effort to improve quality of the repair requests, a new e-mail confirmation automatic system will be implemented starting from the 21st October. All repair requests transmitted to the TCR (72201) or the FM Helpdesk (77777) will be confirmed in an e-mail to the requestor, provided that the latter has a valid e-mail address in the HR database. The e-mail will contain a reference number, a brief description of the problem, the location and a contact where more information can be obtained. A second e-mail will be sent when the processing of the repair request is finished. We hope that this initiative will improve the transparency and quality of our service. Helpdesk Troubleshooting Requests (reminder) We remind you that all the repair requests and other communication concerning the CERN machine buildings have to be transmitted to the TCR via 72201, whereas the ones concerning tertiary buildings are handled directly by the FM helpdesk under the phone number 77777, i.e. problems on systems and equ...

  15. Who Owns Your E-mail?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panepinto, Joe

    1995-01-01

    Examines recent findings that could influence the use of e-mail on university campuses. National privacy legislation and the inviolability of student records are discussed. It is concluded that more effective safeguards are necessary, and that the current steps are inadequate for the protection of students' rights. (Author/LRW)

  16. Discovery and analysis of e-mail-driven business processes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stuit, Marco; Wortmann, Hans

    2012-01-01

    E-mail is used as the primary tool for business communication and collaboration. This paper presents a novel e-mail interaction mining method to discover and analyze e-mail-driven business processes. An e-mail-driven business process is perceived as a human collaboration process that consists of int

  17. Using E-mail in the Social Studies Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dale, Jack

    1999-01-01

    Illustrates the pros and cons of e-mail in the social studies classroom; in particular, the problems concerning what e-mail service a school should subscribe to. Lists different precautions schools must take when finally deciding on the appropriate e-mail system. Provides names of organizations that have established databases of e-mail projects.…

  18. E-mail to SMS service change

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2010-01-01

    If you have a CERN e-mail account, you have probably already used one of the popular services that CERN’s IT Department offers to CERN users: the mail2SMS service. It allows any CERN e-mail account holder to send short messages (SMS) free of charge to CERN GSM phone numbers. Further to recent negotiations with our GSM operator, this service has been extended. It is now possible to send short messages free of charge to any Swiss mobile number. This extension of service aims at replacing the similar service that was made available by SWITCH(1) to CERN users (address: mobilenumber@sms.switch.ch). Because of repeated abuse, this service will be definitively stopped for CERN users on 15th January 2010. Please keep in mind that CERN’s e-mail to SMS service still has some restrictions: messages can only be sent from CERN mail accounts, and not from personal ones, such as GMAIL, MSN, Yahoo; the maximum length of the message is 160 characters (standard maximum SMS length); and only Swiss mobile...

  19. Fluctuation in e-mail sizes weakens power-law correlations in e-mail flow

    CERN Document Server

    Matsubara, Yoshitsugu; Tadaki, Shin-ichi

    2013-01-01

    Power-law correlations have been observed in packet flow over the Internet. The possible origin of these correlations includes demand for Internet services. We observe the demand for e-mail services in an organization, and analyze correlations in the flow and the sequence of send requests using a Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA). The correlation in the flow is found to be weaker than that in the send requests. Four types of artificial flow are constructed to investigate the effects of fluctuations in e-mail sizes. As a result, we find that the correlation in the flow originates from that in the sequence of send requests. The strength of the power-law correlation decreases as a function of the ratio of the standard deviation of e-mail sizes to their average.

  20. Fluctuation in e-mail sizes weakens power-law correlations in e-mail flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsubara, Yoshitsugu; Hieida, Yasuhiro; Tadaki, Shin-ichi

    2013-09-01

    Power-law correlations have been observed in packet flow over the Internet. The possible origin of these correlations includes demand for Internet services. We observe the demand for e-mail services in an organization, and analyze correlations in the flow and the sequence of send requests using a Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA). The correlation in the flow is found to be weaker than that in the send requests. Four types of artificial flow are constructed to investigate the effects of fluctuations in e-mail sizes. As a result, we find that the correlation in the flow originates from that in the sequence of send requests. The strength of the power-law correlation decreases as a function of the ratio of the standard deviation of e-mail sizes to their average.

  1. How to Use E-Mails for Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    N.J.Stirk

    2004-01-01

    @@ E-mail is a quick and convenient way of communicating. It is faster than a letter and often more convenient than a telephone call. You are probably used to exchanging e-mail with friends using highly informal language.In this article you will learn more about the form and language of e-mail in professional contexts.

  2. Teleradiology applications with DICOM-e-mail

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the connection of several partners to a Dicom-e-mail based teleradiology network concepts were developed to allow the integration of different teleradiology applications. The organisational and technical needs for such an integration were analysed. More than 60 institutions including 23 hospitals in the Rhein-Neckar-Region, Germany were connected. The needed functionality was grouped in six teleradiology applications (emergency consultation, tele-guided examinations, expert consultations, cooperative work, scientific cooperations and homework with on call services) and their technical and organisational needs according to availability, speed of transfer, workflow definitions and data security needs was analysed. For the local integration of teleradiology services the setup and workflow is presented for a standalone teleradiology workstation and a server based teleradiology gateway. The line type needed for different groups of applications and users is defined. The security concept and fallback strategies are laid out, potential security problems and sources of errors are discussed. The specialties for the emergency teleradiology application are presented. The DICOM-e-mail protocol is a flexible and powerful protocol that can be used for a variety of teleradiology applications. It can meet the conditions for emergency applications but is limited if synchronous applications like teleconferences are needed. (orig.)

  3. Techniques and Tools for Forensic Investigation of E-mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tariq Banday

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available E-mail has emerged as the most important application on Internet for communication of messages, delivery of documents and carrying out of transactions and is used not only from computers but many other electronic gadgets like mobile phones. Over a period of year’s e-mail protocols have been secured through several security extensions and producers, however, cybercriminals continue to misuse it for illegitimate purposes by sending spam, phishing e-mails, distributing child pornography, and hate emails besides propagating viruses, worms, hoaxes and Trojan horses. Further, Internet infrastructure misuse through denial of service, waste of storage space and computational resources are costing everyInternet user directly or indirectly. It is thus essential to identify and eliminate users and machines misusing e-mail service. E-mail forensic analysis is used to study the source and content of e-mail message as evidence, identifying the actual sender, recipient and date and time it was sent, etc. to collect credible evidence to bring criminals to justice. This paper is an attempt to illustrate e-mail architecture from forensics perspective. It describes roles and responsibilities of different e-mail actors and components, itemizes meta-data contained in e-mail headers, and lists protocols and ports used in it. It further describes various tools and techniques currently employed to carry out forensic investigation of an e-mail message.

  4. Fluctuation in e-mail sizes weakens power-law correlations in e-mail flow

    OpenAIRE

    Matsubara, Yoshitsugu; Hieida, Yasuhiro; Tadaki, Shin-ichi

    2013-01-01

    Power-law correlations have been observed in packet flow over the Internet. The possible origin of these correlations includes demand for Internet services. We observe the demand for e-mail services in an organization, and analyze correlations in the flow and the sequence of send requests using a Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA). The correlation in the flow is found to be weaker than that in the send requests. Four types of artificial flow are constructed to investigate the effects of flu...

  5. Techniques and Tools for Forensic Investigation of E-mail

    OpenAIRE

    M. Tariq Banday

    2011-01-01

    E-mail has emerged as the most important application on Internet for communication of messages, delivery of documents and carrying out of transactions and is used not only from computers but many other electronic gadgets like mobile phones. Over a period of year’s e-mail protocols have been secured through several security extensions and producers, however, cybercriminals continue to misuse it for illegitimate purposes by sending spam, phishing e-mails, distributing child pornography, and ha...

  6. E-MAIL USAGE BEHAVIOR AT WORK: THE PORTUGUESE CASE

    OpenAIRE

    Rui Filipe Cerqueira Quaresma; Sílvia Paula Rosa da Silva; Cristina Galamba Marreiros

    2013-01-01

    E-mail is one of the most used information and communication technologies by organizations. This technology has an enormous potential to transform the way organizations and their processes work. E-mail can speed-up processes and transaction, facilitate information exchange, improve quality, increase employees speed and productivity, and strengthen the relationship with stakeholders. The present paper analysis e-mail usage behavior at work, through empirical data collected in Portugal. The maj...

  7. E-MAIL USAGE BEHAVIOR AT WORK: THE PORTUGUESE CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Filipe Cerqueira Quaresma

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available E-mail is one of the most used information and communication technologies by organizations. This technology has an enormous potential to transform the way organizations and their processes work. E-mail can speed-up processes and transaction, facilitate information exchange, improve quality, increase employees speed and productivity, and strengthen the relationship with stakeholders. The present paper analysis e-mail usage behavior at work, through empirical data collected in Portugal. The majority of users reveal adequate e-mail usage behavior, in spite of some situations that might prove to be problematic to organizations.

  8. ssignment's assessment and management of university students via e- mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Ghaderi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available E-mail is one of online teaching means that has prospered recently in universities. That is to say that there is a short term background of using E-mail for assignments’ management and assessment. In this study, I investigated different dimensions of E- mail applicability and usefulness for assessing assignments and its strength and weaknesses among fresh students. For this intention, I based my case study on 158 students in three courses and one professor during a semester. By monitoring case studies and observing self-report checklists I investigated the behaviours of students and their E-mails. The results showed that speed of transmission and giving feedback is much higher than the other current methods. Possibility of electronic search for assignments, giving feedback to students without time and place restriction, group feedbacks and guidance, and reinforcement of teaching – learning in informal times are advantages of using E-mail as a tool for assignment management. However, using E- mail has some limitations, too. Restricting communication to writing, prolonged individual feedbacks, repetitive E- mails, misunderstanding and technical problems among novice students are weaknesses of using e- mail for assessing assignments. At the end I’ll offer some recommendations to make E- mail an effective means for assignments’ assessment.

  9. Technology Corner: Analysing E-mail Headers For Forensic Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tariq Banday

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Electronic Mail (E-Mail, which is one of the most widely used applications of Internet, has become a global communication infrastructure service.  However, security loopholes in it enable cybercriminals to misuse it by forging its headers or by sending it anonymously for illegitimate purposes, leading to e-mail forgeries. E-mail messages include transit handling envelope and trace information in the form of structured fields which are not stripped after messages are delivered, leaving a detailed record of e-mail transactions.  A detailed header analysis can be used to map the networks traversed by messages, including information on the messaging software and patching policies of clients and gateways, etc. Cyber forensic e-mail analysis is employed to collect credible evidence to bring criminals to justice. This paper projects the need for e-mail forensic investigation and lists various methods and tools used for its realization. A detailed header analysis of a multiple tactic spoofed e-mail message is carried out in this paper. It also discusses various possibilities for detection of spoofed headers and identification of its originator. Further, difficulties that may be faced by investigators during forensic investigation of an e-mail message have been discussed along with their possible solutions.

  10. Teacher Talk on E-Mail. Current Conversations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitaker, Elaine; Hill, Elaine

    1996-01-01

    A high school and a university teacher converse via e-mail concerning their cooperative project in electronic literacy. The conversation highlights the frustrations of system crashes, student successes and failures, and the beginning of one teacher's dissertation. References to technology include experiences with e-mail, an LCD panel, and closed…

  11. Characteristics of Parent-Teacher E-Mail Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Blair

    2008-01-01

    In the past decade, the use of computer-mediated communication such as e-mail has reportedly increased the level of parental involvement and parent-teacher communication at the elementary and secondary level. However, research has not yet examined the characteristics of parent-teacher e-mail communication. Thirty parent and 30 teacher interviews…

  12. A Discourse Analysis of School Counseling Supervisory E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Melissa; Gordon, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    This article is a discourse analysis of weekly computer-mediated communications between 8 school counseling interns and their e-mail supervisor over a 16-week semester. Course-required e-mail supervision was provided as an adjunct to traditional face-to-face individual and group supervision. School counselor supervisees and supervisor enacted 3…

  13. E-Mail at Work: Is it Really Private?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenblum, Cindy

    This paper examines the controversy of e-mail privacy in the workplace. Once an employee uses an e-mail system that belongs to the employer, according to recent case law, their privacy rights are forfeited. Employers will now have to start creating policies to safeguard themselves from expensive litigation, and employees will have to be more…

  14. Save our inboxes! Use e-mail wisely

    CERN Multimedia

    Achintya Rao

    2013-01-01

    At CERN, with collaborators all over the world, e-mail is inevitably the primary means of communication: we use it for everything from coordinating projects to organising lunches. But e-mail can also be one of the most inefficient means of communication we have! Here's how to fix it.   Let’s get straight to the point: we receive too many e-mails. Think about all the e-mails that you deleted without a second thought. Think about the times you’ve unnecessarily been in CC. Take a look at the unread e-mails sitting in your inbox at this very moment, ones that you have no intention of ever looking at. You can, however, tame this overload with a few simple measures and turn e-mail into an important communication and productivity tool. Many recommendations for improving e-mail etiquette suggest an abrasive approach riddled with bullet points. In a vastly multi-cultural setting such as CERN, however this approach may fail. So, here are a few dos and don’ts based o...

  15. Consumers and Computer Software Advertisements in Spam E - mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Spam e - mail inundates inboxes. Little is known about consumer responses to spam e - mail advertising computer software products. We conducted a study among 200 college students to determine variables associated both with opening/reading spam e mail about computer software products and w ith purchasing these items. With regard to opening/reading, we found that increasing age (OR:1.22, 95% CI:1.02, 1.47; p=0.03, previously responding to fraudulent e - mail (OR:2.91, 95% CI:1.31, 6.46; p=0.01, and wanting to learn more information online ab out computer software (OR:1.72, 95% CI:1.12, 2.64; p=0.01 had significant associations. With regard to purchasing, we found that wanting to learn more information online about computer software had a significant association (OR:2.47, 95% CI:1.32, 4.60; p= 0.01 and previously responding to fraudulent e - mail approached significance (OR:2.55, 95% CI:0.99, 6.58; p=0.052. E thical e - mail advertisers would benefit when advertising computer software products to include in the e - mail relevant information about l e arn ing more information online about computer so ftware. This can encourage the recipient to click - through and purchase the advertised computer software product.

  16. E-mail Interaction in Foreign Language Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任艳

    2007-01-01

    E-mail has been implemented in foreign langnage learning and teaching for many years.It is widely approved that language learners'communicative competence and intereuhural competence can be developed through e-mail interaction in spite of the problems and difficulties existing in the process of designing and carrying out ofan e-mail project.Hence,more and more language teachers from different countries are trying to search for the possibilities of integrating email interaction in their teaching context so as to improve the language-learning environment.

  17. Successful practices in the use of secure e-mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Laura W; Garrido, Terhilda; Christensen, Kate; Handley, Matt

    2014-01-01

    Physician use of secure e-mail with patients is anticipated to increase under Stage 2 Meaningful Use requirements, but little is known about how physicians can successfully incorporate it into daily work. We interviewed 27 "super user" physicians at Kaiser Permanente and Group Health who were identified by leaders as being technologically, operationally, and clinically adept and as having high levels of secure e-mail use with patients. They highly valued the use of secure e-mail with patients, despite concerns about a lack of adequate time to respond, and provided tips for using it successfully. They identified benefits that included better care and improved relationships with their patients.

  18. Servicii de referinţe prin e-mail

    OpenAIRE

    Coravu, Robert

    2000-01-01

    Among the digital reference services category, e-mail reference services have known the most rapid spreading inside the library world. This study analyses the main aspects of e-mail reference services (service parameters, elements of a query form, the characteristics of electronic messages sent during the reference process). Also, the advantages and disadvantages of this reference services are presented, suggesting a few strategies for rising their efficiency.

  19. Discourse strategies in professional e-mail negotiation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Astrid

    2009-01-01

    into naturally occurring language in an e-mail communication between a Danish Company and its business contact in Taiwan. During the three-month period observed, the frequency in use of interpersonal strategies converges as the relationship progresses towards a more contextually stable and more personalised......The purpose of this article is to report on some of the preliminary results of an on-going study on the use of discourse strategies in e-mail negotiation. The analysis aims at showing how relations between the participants develop through the use of specific discourse strategies in their e......-mail communication which covers a period of three months, during which the relationship progresses from initial contact to on-going business. Drawing on Hyland's (2005) concept of metadiscourse combined with Charles' (1996) categories of ‘old and new relationship negotiations', this study provides insights...

  20. Using e-mail to facilitate nursing scholarship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribbons, B; Vance, S

    2001-01-01

    A central tenet of university education is the development of scholarly abilities. The traditional hallmarks of scholarship, such as critical thinking, reflection, creativity, critical analysis, and openness to new thinking, need to be fostered in the face of increasing technological change. Contemporary e-mail applications provide a sophisticated environment in which many of the fundamental skills of scholarship can be nurtured. This article describes an interdisciplinary curricular project in which e-mail was employed as a vehicle to support the development of students' understanding of scholarship within a cohort of first-year undergraduate nursing students. The project involved the establishment of "Virtual Colleague" activity, which used e-mail to conduct scholarly activities, including critical analysis of electronic journals and web sites and peer review. The theoretical underpinning of the project and an evaluation of the project are presented. Future use of such technologies in the promotion of scholarship among nurses is discussed.

  1. Internet recruitment and e-mail interviews in qualitative studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, Rebekah J; Bowers, Barbara J

    2006-07-01

    In 2004, 111 million adults accessed the Internet looking for health and medical information. Qualitative researchers can apply long-standing principles of recruitment and interviewing to the Internet. The purpose of this article is to examine the theoretical and methodological aspects of Internet recruitment and e-mail interviewing. The authors address issues of appropriateness, adequacy, representativeness, sample bias, data fraud, flexibility and consistency in interviewing, timing, elimination of the need for transcription, oral versus written communication, reliability and validity, and ethical concerns. They include some practical suggestions on a research design for a qualitative study employing both Internet recruitment and e-mail interviewing.

  2. BEWARE OF OPENING ATTACHMENTS IN E-MAIL

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Following the recent e-mail viruses you are asked to be cautious when opening e-mail attachments on your PC. Attachments that are apparently harmless might hide active content producing nasty effects as soon as they are opened. Some of these so called 'Trojan horses' can conceal themselves in very attractive pictures and funny slide shows.On the PC Windows infrastructure, CERN runs software to protect users from known viruses, but new ones can sometimes arrive before our software recognises them. They can enter your system when you open an attachment. To remove them it may be necessary to re-install the Windows software on your PC.

  3. Keypals--E-mail Leads to New Friends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durost, Dennis D.; Hutchinson, Sue L.

    1997-01-01

    Describes the Keypal Project, a project in which e-mail was introduced in two kindergarten classes with the intent to enrich children's literacy and communication skills and foster long-distance relationships. Found the project had great learning potential and was easily incorporated into constructivist programs which emphasize active learning.…

  4. Hesitative introduction of E-mail consultations in general practice.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verheij, R.; Ton, C.; Tates, K.

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: The Dutch Council for Public Health and Health Care reported in 2005 that 70% of internet users would want to have the opportunity to consult their own general practitioner by e-mail [1]. Since January 1, 2006, general practitioners in the Netherlands are reimbursed 4.50 euro for e-mai

  5. The Discourse of all.department e-mails

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pogner, Karl-Heinz; Søderberg, Anne-Marie

    2001-01-01

    This paper is based on an explorative case study of all.department e-mails that were sent on the Intranet of a Danish university department. Following a social constructionist approach, our analysis assumes that language use shapes relations, identities, and representations. We thus investigate...

  6. SPAM: Beware of e-mails asking for passwords

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2008-01-01

    CERN’s Computing Rules (Operational Circular No. 5) require that passwords remain confidential and never be given to anyone, not even helpdesk or other support personnel. If you think that your password could have been exposed then you must immediately change it. Cybercriminals are making growing use of fake e-mail messages and Web sites to steal account and identity information from users. This technique is called ‘phishing’. The fake e-mails often look real and try to trick you into giving your password or other personal data. CERN has recently been targeted by a fake e-mail message which requested users to send their username, password and date of birth. This case was promptly blocked by the CERN Mail Service, but future cases may still occur. Users need to be vigilant regarding any requests for passwords or personal data. Fake e-mails should be immediately deleted. In case of questions on this topic, you may contact mailto:helpdesk@cern.ch. CERN IT Department

  7. E-Mail from Professor Enhances Student Motivation and Attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legg, Angela M.; Wilson, Janie H.

    2009-01-01

    Traditionally, professors use the first day of class to build rapport. However, current technology allows professors to contact students prior to the first day of class. This study assessed how the receipt of a welcoming e-mail from a female professor 1 week before the first day of class affected student motivation and attitudes toward the…

  8. Postgraduate Supervision: E-Mail as an Alternative

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Toy; Coetzee, Elsabe

    2014-01-01

    Supervisors at higher education institutions cannot ignore the possibilities created by technology, and for the sake of this article, e-mail, as an aid for supervision on postgraduate level. After completing the modules for the Magister Technologiae (M Tech): Education qualification, students are required to complete a dissertation of limited…

  9. E-mail categorization using partially related training examples

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sappelli, M.; Verberne, S.; Kraaij, W.

    2014-01-01

    Automatic e-mail categorization with traditional classification methods requires labelling of training data. In a real-life setting, this labelling disturbs the working flow of the user. We argue that it might be helpful to use documents, which are generally well-structured in directories on the fil

  10. Diagnostic Testing at UK Universities: An E-Mail Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillard, Jonathan; Levi, Margaret; Wilson, Robert

    2010-01-01

    In July 2009, an e-mail survey was sent to various UK universities to gain information regarding current practices concerning mathematics diagnostic testing, and to provide an update from the review "Diagnostic Testing for Mathematics" published by the LTSN MathsTEAM Project in 2003. A total of 38 university departments were contacted and the…

  11. Detecting Threat E-mails using Bayesian Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Banday, M Tariq; Jan, Tariq R; Shah, Nisar A

    2011-01-01

    Fraud and terrorism have a close connect in terms of the processes that enables and promote them. In the era of Internet, its various services that include Web, e-mail, social networks, blogs, instant messaging, chats, etc. are used in terrorism not only for communication but also for i) creation of ideology, ii) resource gathering, iii) recruitment, indoctrination and training, iv) creation of terror network, and v) information gathering. A major challenge for law enforcement and intelligence agencies is efficient and accurate gathering of relevant and growing volume of crime data. This paper reports on use of established Na\\"ive Bayesian filter for classification of threat e-mails. Efficiency in filtering threat e-mail by use of three different Na\\"ive Bayesian filter approaches i.e. single keywords, weighted multiple keywords and weighted multiple keywords with keyword context matching are evaluated on a threat e-mail corpus created by extracting data from sources that are very close to terrorism.

  12. Ratsuchende von E-Mail-Beratungsdiensten: Entwurf einer Typologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Weinhardt

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available KlientInnen von vier nach dem Prinzip der maximalen Variation ausgewählten E-Mail- Beratungsdiensten wurden mit einem standardisierten Onlinefragebogen zur Internetnutzung, der nachgesuchten Beratung, ihres Persönlichkeitsprofils und soziodemographischen Hintergrundvariablen befragt. Mit Hilfe von Faktoren- und Clusteranalyse konnten vier Gruppen von Ratsuchenden isoliert werden, die sich zu vier KliententInnentypen verdichten lassen.

  13. E-Mail as a Resource in Teacher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maarof, Nooreiny

    Use of electronic mail (e-mail) as a resource in a Universiti Kebangsaen Malaysia (UKM) English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teacher education course in 1997-98 is described. The second-year undergraduate course, "The Teaching of Reading Skills in an ESL Context," enrolled 115 students with a range of experience with computers. One course project…

  14. Report on Climate Change E-mails Exonerates Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2010-07-01

    A new report commissioned by the University of East Anglia (UEA) has largely exonerated climate scientists from the university's Climatic Research Unit (CRU) who wrote a number of controversial e-mail messages that were made public without authorization in November 2009. Critics have argued that the e-mails indicate that scientists had tampered with scientific data—including data related to land station temperatures and temperature reconstructions from tree ring analysis—subverted the peer review process, misused the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) process, and withheld data from critics. At a 7 July news conference to release the “Independent climate change e-mails review,” report chair Muir Russell said, “Climate science is a matter of such global importance that the highest standards of honesty, rigor, and openness are needed in its conduct. On the specific allegations made against the behavior of CRU scientists, we find that their rigor and honesty as scientists are not in doubt.” He continued, “In addition, we do not find that their behavior has prejudiced the balance of advice given to policy makers. In particular, we did not find any evidence of behavior that might undermine the conclusions of the IPCC assessments.” Russell is chair of the Judicial Appointments Board for Scotland and formerly was principal and vice-chancellor of the University of Glasgow, in Scotland.

  15. Research on an E-mail Encryption Protocol Based on Quantum Teleportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shufen, Xiao; Yumin, Dong; Hongyang, Ma; Libo, Chen

    2016-07-01

    With the rapid development of information technology (IT), E-mail has become an important communication tool between human beings. Meanwhile, E-mail safety becomes increasingly important because of its universal applications. In order to overcome shortages of classical E-mail encryption, an E-mail encryption protocol based on quantum teleportation was proposed. It makes quantum encryption of E-mails during sending and receiving processes by taking advantages of entanglement and nonclonability of quantum, thus ensuring safety and reliability of E-mail transmission.

  16. E-mail Could Enhance Doctor-Patient Relationship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林萍

    1999-01-01

    病人和医生之间的传统关系是本文所说的normal clinie basedconsultation。然而,这种沿袭了许多年的关系正在被打破! E-mail,正在成为病人和医生之间联系的重要桥梁。 本文有几个重要信息: …nearly 40% of American patients say they have used e-mail to contact ahealth professional(专家)in the past. …by the year 2000 nearly every library will offer(Internet and E-mail)services in the United States,allowing even low-income patients some means ofe-mail access. Web experts now estimate more than 10,000 health-oriented websites (站点)already exist. 这两个信息让我们感到:美国在这方面又领先世界一步! 值得一提的是,病人有通过e-mail和医生联系的积极性,而医生却缺乏这方面的积极性。原因是: …for fear of increasing workload(工作量)and uncertainty about paymentror the time involved. 当然,病人方面也并非100%地欢迎这个新生事物: …patients may worry that sensitive medical information might be read byothers.然而,以上这些“阻力”终将被克服!

  17. Demonstration of an E-mailed Worksite Nutrition Intervention Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Block

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Dietary fat and low fruit and vegetable intake are linked to many chronic diseases, and U.S. population intake does not meet recommendations. Interventions are needed that incorporate effective behavior-change principles and that can be delivered inexpensively to large segments of the population. Methods Employees at a corporate worksite were invited to participate in a program, delivered entirely by e-mail, to reduce dietary fat and increase fruit and vegetable intake. Behavior-change principles underlying the intervention included tailoring to the participant’s dietary lifestyle, baseline assessment and feedback about dietary intake, family participation, and goal setting. Assessment, tailoring, and delivery was fully automated. The program was delivered weekly to participants’ e-mail inboxes for 12 weeks. Each e-mail included information on nutrition or on the relationship between diet and health, dietary tips tailored to the individual, and small goals to try for the next week. In this nonrandomized pilot study, we assessed technical feasibility, acceptability to employees, improvement in Stage of Change, increase in fruit and vegetable consumption, and decrease in fat intake. Results Approximately one third (n = 84 of employees who were offered the 12-week program signed up for it, and satisfaction was high. There was significant improvement in Stage of Change: 74% of those not already at the top had forward movement (P < .001. In addition, results suggest significant increase in fruit and vegetable consumption (0.73 times/day, P < .001 and significant decrease in intake of fat sources (-0.39 times/day, P < .001. Conclusion This inexpensive program is feasible and appears to be effective. A randomized controlled trial is needed.

  18. Communicative In-Betweens of E-mail Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ejvind

    2009-01-01

    In this paper I seek to deconstruct internet-based communication. I highlight Derrida’s focus on the margins and in-betweens of communication, and relate it to the genre of e-mail. I argue (i) that the silence between the dialogic turns becomes more marked, while (ii) the separation of present...... and previous statements becomes less marked. The visibility of the silence between the turns (i) can be a resource for increased awareness of how communicative exchanges are shaped by self-arrangements and -presentations. The dissolution of the separation between present and previous statements (ii) can...

  19. Elforbrug på e-mail & sms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ellen Tove; Kanstrup, Anne Marie; Grønhøj, Alice;

    This qualitative study of customer demand for online feedback on electricity consumption in private households in Denmark is a follow-up on an experimental study where SMS and e-mail notification were tested as media for giving feedback to private households about electricity consumption (the...... week's events, something which is much appreciated. A total of 22 households were interviewed about their reaction to continuous feedback on electricity consumption, which they had received for a year by email and/or SMS. Customers expressed a keen interest in having information about electricity...

  20. Unsolicited Commercial E-mails : A study of the consumer’s perceptions about unsolicited commercial e-mails and the implications it has for Internet user groups

    OpenAIRE

    Trasobares, Mario; Tretjakova, Anna

    2010-01-01

    The rapid development of Internet technologies has led to the emergence of new communication means. E-mail has become a new powerful tool used by millions with the main purpose of exchanging information. Considering its large scope, marketers have been using the e-mail as an important direct marketing force and it has become a popular choice for many companies. The e-mail has therefore constituted a new form of on-line marketing coined “E-mail marketing”. However, the increasing use of the e-...

  1. Comparing Response Rates in E-Mail and Paper Surveys: A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Tse-Hua; Fan, Xitao

    2009-01-01

    This meta-analysis examined 35 study results within last 10 years that directly compared the response rates of e-mail versus mail surveys. Individual studies reported inconsistent findings concerning the response rate difference between e-mail and mail surveys, but e-mail surveys generally have lower response rate (about 20% lower on the average)…

  2. You've Got Mail!: Understanding How E-Mail Works

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roman, Harry T.

    2007-01-01

    Conceptually, e-mail is not a whole lot different from regular postal mail ("snail mail"), except that it is much faster. E-mail requires three things: (1) a personal computer; (2) a telephone or communication line; and (3) an Internet provider (e-mail service account). This article provides details on how it works--plus some research activities…

  3. 16 CFR 1130.8 - Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail registration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... alternative e-mail registration. 1130.8 Section 1130.8 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION... PRODUCTS (Eff. June 28, 2010) § 1130.8 Requirements for Web site registration or alternative e-mail... number, e-mail address, product model name and number, and the date of manufacture. The...

  4. The Application of E-Mail to College English Teaching in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Guofeng

    2010-01-01

    With the development of information technology in the past 10 years, e-mail has been widely used in the field of English teaching. This paper, based on an analysis of the ways of using e-mail in college English teaching in China, probes the feasibility and the benefits of application of e-mail to college English teaching.

  5. The Role of E-mail in Organizational Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lecturer Ph.D. Niculina Vârgolici

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article aims to briefly describe the advantages of the e-mail communication,the constraints of such communication means, as well as a set of rules which should be complied with inorder to ensure efficient organizational communication. The fact that communication is such a universal,normal, daily and natural can make us forget sometimes about its particular complexity. Every moment,people communicate with one another, meaning they exchange information, and for this they use variousmeans. Electronic message is an invention which makes our life easier, shatters distances and inhibitions,helps us rediscover and open ourselves to others, casts loneliness away, can bring us closer, but also can setus apart, because it has its rules and traps, of which we should be aware. We consider that nowadays knowingthe e-mail related conduit refers to more than simply avoiding long messages written in caps lock, assuch can really make a difference between profit and loss. Communication is indispensable, but we shouldcompare and view any information we receive and send with a critical sight.

  6. Ombuds' corner: Code of Conduct and e-mails

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2011-01-01

    In this series, the Bulletin aims to explain the role of the Ombuds at CERN by presenting practical examples of misunderstandings that could have been resolved by the Ombuds if he had been contacted earlier. Please note that, in all the situations we present, the names are fictitious and used only to improve clarity.   Luke* holds a key position in the coordination of a large project. He is also a recognized expert in modeling complicated structures. Because of his expertise in the field, he receives a considerable number of e-mails every day which he has trouble responding to in addition to his responsibilities of management and development. Constantly interrupted, he tends to answer his emails quickly, sometimes even in an instinctive way, which leads to somewhat laconic messages. One day he receives an e-mail from Dave* challenging some of the decisions taken by the project’s management. Luke agrees with Dave’s remarks, which seem justified given his own expertise of the su...

  7. A novel approach against E-mail attacks derived from user-awareness based techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Ojha, Gaurav; Tak, Gaurav Kumar

    2012-01-01

    A large part of modern day communications are carried out through the medium of E-mails, especially corporate communications. More and more people are using E-mail for personal uses too. Companies also send notifications to their customers in E-mail. In fact, in the Multinational business scenario E-mail is the most convenient and sought-after method of communication. Important features of E-mail such as its speed, reliability, efficient storage options and a large number of added facilities ...

  8. Professional e-mail communication among health care providers: proposing evidence-based guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malka, S Terez; Kessler, Chad S; Abraham, John; Emmet, Thomas W; Wilbur, Lee

    2015-01-01

    E-mail is now a primary method of correspondence in health care, and proficiency with professional e-mail use is a vital skill for physicians. Fundamentals of e-mail courtesy can be derived from lay literature, but there is a dearth of scientific literature that addresses the use of e-mail between physicians. E-mail communication between providers is generally more familiar and casual than other professional interactions, which can promote unprofessional behavior or misunderstanding. Not only e-mail content but also wording, format, and tone may influence clinical recommendations and perceptions of the e-mail sender. In addition, there are serious legal and ethical implications when unprofessional or unsecured e-mails related to patient-identifying information are exchanged or included within an electronic medical record. The authors believe that the appropriate use of e-mail is a vital skill for physicians, with serious legal and ethical ramifications and the potential to affect professional development and patient care. In this article, the authors analyze a comprehensive literature search, explore several facets of e-mail use between physicians, and offer specific recommendations for professional e-mail use.

  9. E-mail security: mail clients must use encrypted protocols

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    In the coming weeks, users of mail clients other than Outlook (e.g. Pine, Mozilla, Mac Mail, etc.) may receive an e-mail from Mail-service@cern.ch with instructions to update the security settings of their mail client. The aim of this campaign is to enforce the use of encrypted and authenticated mail protocols in order to prevent the propagation of viruses and protect passwords from theft. As a first step, from 6 June 2006 onwards, access to mail servers from outside CERN will require a securely configured mail client as described in the help page http://cern.ch/mmmservices/Help/?kbid=191040. On this page most users will also find tools that will update their mail client settings automatically. Note that Outlook clients and WebMail access are not affected. The Mail Team

  10. E-mail Spam Filtering Using Adaptive Genetic Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitendra Nath Shrivastava

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Now a day’s everybody email inbox is full with spam mails. The problem with spam mails is that they are not malicious in nature so generally don’t get blocked with firewall or filters etc., however, they are unwanted mails received by any internet users. In 2012, more that 50% emails of the total emails were spam emails. In this paper, a genetic algorithm based method for spam email filtering is discussed with its advantages and dis-advantages. The results presented in the paper are promising and suggested that GA can be a good option in conjunction with other e-mail filtering techniques can provide more robust solution.

  11. E-mail netiquette for the medical practice employee: 50 do's and don'ts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hills, Laura

    2011-01-01

    E-mail has at one and the same time become a primary communication tool for many medical practice employees and a source of untold frustration, misunderstandings, and stress. This article provides a total of 50 rules (25 do's and 25 don'ts) for e-mail netiquette to help medical practice employees use e-mail more effectively. It offers suggestions about the optimal format of e-mails, tips for writing concise e-mail texts, and guidance about the most pressing e-mail privacy and confidentiality concerns. Medical practice employees can use the practical tips presented in this article to help them save time and use their medical practices' e-mail system more productively and effectively. This article also offers suggestions for creating and using a medical practice e-mail disclaimer statement. It describes the six legal threats a disclaimer statement can prevent and the typical content for such disclaimers. Finally, this article includes guidance about creating and implementing a medical practice e-mail policy and provides an outline of typical e-mail policy content. PMID:22111286

  12. THE DEVELOPMENT OF E-MAIL LITERACY: FROM WRITING TO PEERS TO WRITING TO AUTHORITY FIGURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chi-Fen Emily Chen

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Though e-mail has become a common interpersonal communication medium, it does not mean that this medium is used without difficulty. While people can write e-mails to peers in any manner they like, writing e-mails to authority figures requires higher pragmatic competence and critical language awareness of how discourse shapes and reflects power asymmetry in an institutional context. For L2 learners, the challenge of composing this type of e-mail can be greater due not only to their limited linguistic ability but also their unfamiliarity with the target culture's norms and values. To provide a deeper understanding of how an L2 learner develops e-mail literacy in the target language environment, this paper presents a longitudinal case study of a Taiwanese graduate student’s e-mail practice in English during her studies at a U.S. university for two and a half years. Using a critical discourse analysis approach, the study reveals the complexity of an L2 learner’s evolving e-mail practice and struggle for appropriateness, particularly in her e-mail communication with professors. Her development of e-mail literacy is discussed in relation to her evolving understanding of the e-mail medium, changing performance of student identity, increasing knowledge of student-professor interaction and realization of culture-specific politeness.

  13. E-mail netiquette for the medical practice employee: 50 do's and don'ts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hills, Laura

    2011-01-01

    E-mail has at one and the same time become a primary communication tool for many medical practice employees and a source of untold frustration, misunderstandings, and stress. This article provides a total of 50 rules (25 do's and 25 don'ts) for e-mail netiquette to help medical practice employees use e-mail more effectively. It offers suggestions about the optimal format of e-mails, tips for writing concise e-mail texts, and guidance about the most pressing e-mail privacy and confidentiality concerns. Medical practice employees can use the practical tips presented in this article to help them save time and use their medical practices' e-mail system more productively and effectively. This article also offers suggestions for creating and using a medical practice e-mail disclaimer statement. It describes the six legal threats a disclaimer statement can prevent and the typical content for such disclaimers. Finally, this article includes guidance about creating and implementing a medical practice e-mail policy and provides an outline of typical e-mail policy content.

  14. What a difference your e-mail makes: effects of informal e-mail addresses in online résumé screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Toorenburg, Marlies; Oostrom, Janneke K; Pollet, Thomas V

    2015-03-01

    Résumés are screened rapidly, with some reports stating that recruiters form their impressions within 10 seconds. Certain résumé characteristics can have a significant impact on the snap judgments these recruiters make. The main goal of the present study was to examine the effect of the e-mail address (formal vs. informal) used in a résumé on the hirability perceptions formed by professional recruiters (N=73). In addition, the effect of the e-mail address on hirability perceptions was compared to the effects of spelling errors and typeface. Participants assessed the cognitive ability, personality, and the hirability of six fictitious applicants for the job of an HR specialist. The hirability ratings for the résumés with informal e-mail addresses were significantly lower than the hirability ratings for résumés that featured a formal e-mail address. The effect of e-mail address was as strong as the effect of spelling errors and stronger than that of typeface. The effect of e-mail address on hirability was mediated by perceptions of conscientiousness and honesty-humility. This study among actual recruiters shows for the first time that the choice of the e-mail address used on a résumé might make a real difference.

  15. Response Rates for Mixed-Mode Surveys Using Mail and E-Mail/Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Converse, Patrick D.; Wolfe, Edward W.; Huang, Xiaoting; Oswald, Frederick L.

    2008-01-01

    This study examines response rates for mixed-mode survey implementation involving mail and e-mail/Web components. Using Dillman's Tailored Design Method, 1,500 participants were sent a survey either (a) via mail with a follow-up contact via e-mail that directed them to a Web-based questionnaire or (b) via e-mail that directed them to a Web-based…

  16. E-mail Communication in the Management of Gastroenterology Patients: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Ian Plener; Andrew Hayward; Fred Saibil

    2014-01-01

    E-mail correspondence between physicians and patients can be a useful tool to improve communication efficiency, provide economic and ecological benefits, improve therapeutic interventions and adherence, and enhance self-management. The model of self-management in chronic disease has become an integral component of North American and British medicine. From a practical standpoint, the use of e-mail between physicians and patients can complement the self-management model.E-mail communication has...

  17. Consumers with Sexual Performance Problems and Spam E - mail for Sexual Performance Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Spam e - mail on sexual health topics arrive in e - mail inboxes. We study consumer responses to spam e - mail that advertise sexual performance products. Participants (n=200 with and without sexual performance problems were asked if they received, opened, and bought products from spam e - mail about sexual performance produ cts in the past year. Comparisons were performed between those with and without sexual performance problems. Psychological factors of self esteem and perceived stress were measured. Those with sexual performance problems had significantly greater percent ages than those without sexual performance problems for receiving (100.0% versus 73.5%, p=0.024, opening (66.7% versus 11.4%, p<0.001, and purchasing products (46.7% versus 5.4%, p<0.001 from spam e - mail. In the multivariate logistic regression analyse s adjusting for demographics, psychological factors, and attitudes, those with sexual performance problems were significantly associated with opening (OR: 8.33, 95% CI: 1.95, 35.71, and purchasing products (OR: 7.98, 95% CI: 1.74, 36.73 from spam e - mail. Spam e - mail about sexual performance products are opened and purchased from, especially among those with sexual performance problems. There is a need for e - mail marketing and advertising of sexual performance products that meet ethical standards for e - mail delivery to consumers

  18. Securing E-mail Communication Using Hybrid Cryptosystem on Android-based Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Zakariya

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available One of the most popular internet services is electronic mail (e-mail. By using mobile devices with internet connection, e-mail can be widely used by anyone to exchange information anywhere and anytime whether public or confidential. Unfortunately, there are some security issues with email communication; e-mail is sent in over open networks and e-mail is stored on potentially insecure mail servers. Moreover, e-mail has no integrity protection so the body can be undectected altered in transit or on the e-mail server. E-mail also has no data origin authentication, so people cannot be sure that the emails they receive are from the e-mail address owner. In order to solve this problem, this study proposes a secure method of e-mail communication on Android-based mobile devices using a hybrid cryptosystem which combines symmetric encryption, asymmetric encryption and hash function. The experimental results show that the proposed method succeeded in meeting those aspects of information security including confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation.

  19. Ars Dictaminis Perverted: The Personal Solicitation E-Mail as a Genre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Derek G.

    2009-01-01

    Phishing e-mails deceive individuals into giving out personal information which may then be utilized for identity theft. One particular type, the Personal Solicitation E-mail (PSE) mimics personal letters--modern perversions of "ars dictaminis" (the classical art of letter writing). In this article, I determine and discuss 19 appeals common to the…

  20. Composing Effective and Efficient E-mails: A Primer for Pharmacy Practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summerfield, Marc R; Feemster, Agnes Ann

    2015-09-01

    This primer describes the purpose and importance of e-mail as a key communication medium in the workplace. It emphasizes clarity as a primary modality to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. Finally, the primer reviews elements of grammar, punctuation, and style that contribute to each e-mail's ability to meet language standards, enhance the writer's image, and successfully transmit information.

  1. Composing Effective and Efficient E-mails: A Primer for Pharmacy Practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summerfield, Marc R; Feemster, Agnes Ann

    2015-09-01

    This primer describes the purpose and importance of e-mail as a key communication medium in the workplace. It emphasizes clarity as a primary modality to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. Finally, the primer reviews elements of grammar, punctuation, and style that contribute to each e-mail's ability to meet language standards, enhance the writer's image, and successfully transmit information. PMID:26715801

  2. An IT Manager's View on E-Mail and Internet Policies and Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desai, Mayur S.; Hart, Jeff; Richards, Thomas C.

    2009-01-01

    E-mail is mandatory tool of communications any business to survive in the 21st century. It is imperative that Information technology (IT) managers monitor and make sure that the e-mail systems are used properly. In order to organize a systematic process for proper use of email an administrator must have an input into the development of appropriate…

  3. The Most Preferred Free E-mail Service Used by Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavus, Nadire; Bicen, Huseyin

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the most preferred free web based e-mail used by students in the technology departments of the Near East University (Departments CIS, CEIT and COM.ENG), and also to find out which technical characteristics affect the participants when making a decision for the choice of an e-mail service. The volunteer…

  4. Reducing the Damage Done by E-Mail in Our Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glendinning, Matt

    2007-01-01

    E-mail is a tool that can vastly increase the efficiency and productivity of school leaders. It can enable them to better orchestrate school operations and so improve student learning. But administrators must remain wary of the effect that extensive e-mail communication can have on the school community, and they need to work to promote a healthy…

  5. Outcomes of an Intercultural E-Mail Based University Discussion Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furcsa, Laura

    2009-01-01

    This article investigates the development of intercultural awareness in an electronic mail (e-mail) discussion project between Hungarian learners of English and American speakers. Students discussed topics relating to cultures, languages, and pedagogical issues. The e-mails were analyzed in terms of language skill improvement, apprehensiveness…

  6. Social Work Practice in the Digital Age: Therapeutic E-Mail as a Direct Practice Methodology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattison, Marian

    2012-01-01

    The author addresses the risks and benefits of incorporating therapeutic e-mail communication into clinical social work practice. Consumer demand for online clinical services is growing faster than the professional response. E-mail, when used as an adjunct to traditional meetings with clients, offers distinct advantages and risks. Benefits include…

  7. Alumni Relationships in the Electronic Age: An Assessment of a Permission Based E-Mail Campaign

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Robert S.; McLaughlin, Caragh E.

    2007-01-01

    E-mail is seen as an inexpensive, fast way to communicate with university constituencies, especially alumni. The next logical stage for the use of this Internet technology is the development and evaluation of permission based e-mail (PBE) campaigns. In this paper, we directly examine recipient evaluation of PBE in the context of a university…

  8. Evaluation of E-Mail Feedback on the Verbal Behaviors of Pre-Service Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Erin E.; Wolery, Mark

    2007-01-01

    The effects of e-mail feedback with written verbatim examples and frequency counts of expansions on pre-service teachers' verbal behaviors were examined in two studies. In Experiment I, e-mail feedback on the use of expansions was evaluated in a multiple baseline design across 3 undergraduate early childhood special education students. Results…

  9. MedlinePlus E-mail Updates | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page please turn Javascript on. MedlinePlus E-mail Updates Past Issues / Spring - Summer 2010 Table of ... in health and medicine? Sign up for MedlinePlus e-mail updates, and you'll receive alerts whenever new ...

  10. "My Heart Want to Say Something": Exploring ELL Vocabulary Use through E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Sung-on; Piazza, Carolyn L.; Pierce, Michael J.; Bryce, Sara M.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on one high school English-language-learner's (ELL) breadth and depth of vocabulary as he communicated with his teacher through e-mail across geographic boundaries for over 18 months. Design/methodology/approach: The authors began by separating 358 e-mails into three time periods (first beginning,…

  11. Con Artists Attack Colleges with Fake Help-Desk E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2008-01-01

    An e-mail scam has hit tens of thousands of users at dozens of colleges over the past few weeks, leaving network administrators scrambling to respond before campus computer accounts are taken over by spammers. Students, professors, and staff members at the affected colleges received e-mail messages that purported to come from the colleges' help…

  12. Discourse Strategies in Professional E-Mail Negotiation: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, Astrid

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to report on some of the preliminary results of an on-going study on the use of discourse strategies in e-mail negotiation. The analysis aims at showing how relations between the participants develop through the use of specific discourse strategies in their e-mail communication which covers a period of three months,…

  13. One Good Turn Deserves Another: Sustaining an Intercultural E-Mail Exchange

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schueller, Jeanne

    2007-01-01

    Instructors rely on asynchronous exchanges to provide learners with authentic input and opportunities to communicate in the TL. While most practitioners recognize the advantages of e-mail exchanges, learner benefits are not an automatic byproduct of participation in an exchange. This paper presents findings from an e-mail exchange carried out…

  14. Districts Weigh Benefits and Drawbacks of Setting Up Student E-Mail Accounts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ash, Katie

    2008-01-01

    Some school districts hoping to improve communication and student engagement in learning are taking a step many educators still view warily: providing students with their own e-mail accounts. However, making e-mail a regular part of students' school lives raises a host of concerns about inappropriate use. In addition, many teachers doubt that the…

  15. The style of academic e-mails and conventional letters: contrastive analysis of four conversational routines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clyde Ancarno

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a corpus-based study which investigates the genre of academic email and more specifically its pragmatic dimension. Four conversational routines (thank yous, apologies, requests, offers are analysed and compared in two channels: academic e-mails and conventional print letters. In addition, data from both native and non-native speakers of English is considered, which sheds light on some of the differences found in the academic e-mail writing of learners of English. The findings indicate that academic e-mail is a relatively formal type of correspondence which is still largely influenced, as is to be expected, by the genre of the academic letter, and that as a genre, academic e-mail is in the process of formation or semi-formation. Finally, native speakers of English are found to be more informal than non-native speakers of English in academic e-mails.

  16. Deploying E-Mail as an Official Communication Tool: Technical Prospect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    wasan shaker awad

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Applications are spreading widely through our lives entering every field controlling some of it and enhancing other; electronic mail, or e-mail, is the best known and most popular application of the Internet. More and more people see e-mail as a way to communicate quickly and affordably. Electronic mail can also provide an advanced means of communication and enhance the recently applied e-government program. The aim of this work is to study technically the official use of e-mail for the communication between the government and citizens. This paper is mainly for proposing an e-mail exchange system that can be used to fulfill the legal requirements, and to make the usage of e-mail as official communication tool is feasible.

  17. E-mail communication in the management of gastroenterology patients: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plener, Ian; Hayward, Andrew; Saibil, Fred

    2014-03-01

    E-mail correspondence between physicians and patients can be a useful tool to improve communication efficiency, provide economic and ecological benefits, improve therapeutic interventions and adherence, and enhance self-management. The model of self-management in chronic disease has become an integral component of North American and British medicine. From a practical standpoint, the use of e-mail between physicians and patients can complement the self-management model. E-mail communication has many benefits from both patient and physician perspectives. E-mail contact reduces the inefficiencies associated with telecommunications. Physicians are able to better document out-of-office patient encounters and provide access to specialist care for patients in remote locations. This use of e-mail has the potential to increase patient safety through physician approval of self-manager actions, including earlier initiation of needed treatments. Fewer clinic visits afford additional time for new consultations and sicker patients, reducing the overall burden on referral and wait times. The present article reviews some of the literature regarding physician-patient e-mail communication in the general ambulatory setting, in the context of chronic disease and with a specific focus on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The authors provide a framework for the use of e-mail communication in the IBD population, with emphasis on the concept of e-mail use. Also illustrated are the benefits and disadvantages, and examples of the e-mail contract as proposed by the Canadian Medical Protective Association. Examples of specific e-mail communication topics are provided for several IBD scenarios. Potential negative consequences of this mode of communication are also discussed.

  18. Teleradiology with DICOM e-mail: recommendations of rate at GIT; Teleradiologie mit DICOM E-mail: Empfehlungen der rate at GIT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mildenberger, P.; Kaemmerer, M.; Klos, G.; Schuetze, B. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Radiologie, Johannes Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz (Germany); Engelmann, U. [Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Abt. Medizinische und Biologische Informatik, Heidelberg (Germany); Ruggiero, S.; Runa, A.; Weisser, G. [Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie, Universitaetsklinikum Mannheim (Germany); Schroeter, A. [CHILI GmbH, Heidelberg (Germany); Walz, M. [TUeV Industrie Service GmbH, TUeV-SUeD-Gruppe, Aerztliche Stelle fuer Qualitaetssicherung in der Radiologie, Eschborn (Germany)

    2005-05-01

    E-mail is ideal for ad-hoc connections in teleradiology. The DICOM standard offers the possibility to append DICOM data types as a MIME attachment to any e-mail, thus ensuring the transmission of the original DICOM data. Nevertheless, there are additional requirements (e.g. protection of data privacy) which must be obeyed. Because of the lack of given standards which would grant interoperability as well as manufacturer independence, teleradiology has not been established in Germany until today. Therefore, the IT-Team (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fuer Informationstechnologie, rate at GIT) of the Radiological Society of Germany (Deutsche Roentgengesellschaft, DRG) set up an initiative to standardise telemedicine by using e-mail. Its members agreed that an e-mail-based variant would be the most practicable way to a communication solution - as easy to implement as to use. In their opinion, e-mail represents the smallest common denominator for a safe data interchange that would fulfill the legal advantages for telemedicine in Germany. (orig.)

  19. E-mail-marketing – a new tool of communication policy institutions of higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svitlana Semenyuk

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Article concerns the theoretical concept of formation and development e-mail-of marketing in the educational marketing particular analyzed approaches to the content of the concept «e-mail-marketing", determines the essence his nature and benefits of other means of communication. Determined that the e-mail-marketingis an inexpensive, but simultaneously quite effective and financially viable tool for promotingof educational services to market and necessity of its use in communication activities of higher education. The basic components of e-mail-marketing: customer needs (potential university entrants, higher education opportunities existing satisfy the needs of university entrants, explore the possibilities of higher education competitors. Proved that the instrument is-mail-marketing is the e-mail-sending. It's inexpensive and fairly simple variant push-technology, which today is widely use because pure commercial sending gives effect without major financial investments. The article deals with methods of forming database of e-mail addresses of applicants and requirements for e-mails.

  20. Consumers with Sexual Performance Problems and Spam E - mail for Pornography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Pornography adverti sements arrive through spam e - mail advertising products online. We study consumer responses to these advertisements. College student participants (n=200 with and without sexual performance problems (SPP were asked if they received, opened/read, and bou ght pornography from spam e - mail. Those with SPP had significantly greater percentages than those without SPP for receiving (93.3% versus 68.1%, p=0.042, opening/reading (66.7% versus 14.1%, p<0.001, and purchasing (46.7% versus 4.9%, p<0.001 pornograp hy from spam e - mail. In the multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusting for demographic (age, sex, race/ethnicity, Internet (Internet use, number spam e - mails received, and psychological (self - esteem, perceived stress, sexual performance attitud es variables, those with SPP were significantly associated with opening/reading (OR: 4.51, 95% CI: 1.05, 19.33 and purchasing (OR: 8.76, 95% CI: 1.78, 43.27 pornography from spam e - mail. Also, increased sexual performance attitudes were associated with opening/reading (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.21, 1.54 and purchasing (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.15, 1.62 pornography from spam e - mail. None of the other demographic, Internet, or psychological variables had any associations. Pornography spam e - mail is opened/read a nd purchased, especially among those with SPP. T argeting those with SPP with e - mail advertisements has ethical implications, in addition to the general ethical issue of sending spam e - mail

  1. Open-Rate Controlled Experiment in E-Mail Marketing Campaigns

    OpenAIRE

    Antun Biloš; Davorin Turkalj; Ivan Kelić

    2016-01-01

    Purpose – The main purpose of this paper is to test the controlled experiment (A/B split) methodology in B2C oriented e-mail marketing campaigns. Design/Methodology/Approach – E-mail marketing techniques have been a substantial part of e-marketing methodology since the early Internet days of the mid-1990s. From the very beginning of Internet utilization for business purposes, e-mail was one of the most widely used communication techniques in B2B and B2C markets alike. Due to high volumes o...

  2. E-marketing, Unsolicited Commercial E-mail, and Legal Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Li Xingan

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the legal solutions to unsolicited commercial e-mail. The advantages of e-mail enable it to be one of the most important e-marketing instruments. Spammers are also motivated by potential profits in spamming. The low costs and high benefits of the spammers, and the high costs and low benefits of the spammed determine the illegal nature of the spamming. The spam poses challenges for e-mail recipients' property rights, fair trade, public morals, cybersecur...

  3. Machine Learning for E-mail Spam Filtering: Review,Techniques and Trends

    OpenAIRE

    Bhowmick, Alexy; Hazarika, Shyamanta M.

    2016-01-01

    We present a comprehensive review of the most effective content-based e-mail spam filtering techniques. We focus primarily on Machine Learning-based spam filters and their variants, and report on a broad review ranging from surveying the relevant ideas, efforts, effectiveness, and the current progress. The initial exposition of the background examines the basics of e-mail spam filtering, the evolving nature of spam, spammers playing cat-and-mouse with e-mail service providers (ESPs), and the ...

  4. Consumers with Sexual Performance Problems and Spam E - mail for Pornography

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua Fogel; Sam Shlivko

    2010-01-01

    Pornography adverti sements arrive through spam e - mail advertising products online. We study consumer responses to these advertisements. College student participants (n=200) with and without sexual performance problems (SPP) were asked if they received, opened/read, and bou ght pornography from spam e - mail. Those with SPP had significantly greater percentages than those without SPP for receiving (93.3% versus 68.1%, p=0.042), opening/reading (6...

  5. Test of the Behavioral Perspective Model in the Context of an E-Mail Marketing Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigurdsson, Valdimar; Menon, R. G. Vishnu; Sigurdarson, Johannes Pall; Kristjansson, Jon Skafti; Foxall, Gordon R.

    2013-01-01

    An e-mail marketing experiment based on the behavioral perspective model was conducted to investigate consumer choice. Conversion e-mails were sent to two groups from the same marketing database of registered consumers interested in children's books. The experiment was based on A-B-A-C-A and A-C-A-B-A withdrawal designs and consisted of…

  6. Putting social context into text: The semiotics of e-mail interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Tian, X; Menchik, DA

    2008-01-01

    E-mail excludes the multiple nonlinguistic cues and gestures that facilitate face-to-face communication. How, then, should interaction in a text-based context be understood? The authors analyze the problems and solutions experienced by a research panel that communicated over e-mail and face-to-face for 18 months, evaluating both kinds of exchanges alongside survey and interview data. Semiotic and linguistic theory is used to expose essential properties associated with the successful communica...

  7. Exploring Students' Use of E-Mail for Out-of-Class Communication: Frequency, Satisfaction, and Learning Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Q.; Ahn, S.; Meyers, R. A.; Timmerman, C. E.; Fonner, K. L.

    2012-01-01

    The authors assessed students' use of e-mail for out-of-class communication (OCC) and its impact on satisfaction and learning self-efficacy. Findings showed that students and instructors use e-mail frequently for OCC, and frequency of use is positively associated with student satisfaction with e-mail as an OCC medium. Moreover, the content of…

  8. The Messages They Send: E-Mail Use by Adolescents with and without a History of Specific Language Impairment (SLI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conti-Ramsden, Gina; Durkin, Kevin; Walker, Allan J.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Contemporary adolescents use e-mail for a variety of purposes, including peer communication and education. Research into these uses has focused on typically developing individuals; much less is known about the use of e-mail by exceptional youth. Aims: The present study examined the structure and form of e-mail messages sent by…

  9. A survey to evaluate patients' perspective concerning e-mail in an oncology practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Use of e-mail to improve physician-patient communication is becoming increasingly widespread, however, little research has been done to evaluate patients' interest and concerns regarding this technology. The goals of this study were to (1) evaluate the effectiveness of e-mail for communication between patients and their oncologist and (2) assess from the perspective of the patient the accessibility and usefulness of e-mail to facilitate medical treatment and advice as compared to conventional mail and telephone. E-mail as a clinical tool is a new trend in medicine that is growing quickly, however, there are few reports to date that evaluate the patients' perspective concerning e-mail usage. The use of e-mail in doctor-patient communication is potentially faster and more efficient than conventional mail and may reduce 'telephone tag'. E-mail initiated by the physician also allows for potential follow-up after treatment. Our study evaluated the types of transactions (personal medical questions, referrals, etc.) for which patients' preferred using e-mail in place of conventional communication methods. Materials and Methods: A self-administered survey (8 pages; 50 items) was mailed to 65 patients who were treated within the previous three years for prostate cancer in a radiation oncology practice. This survey explored the opinions and behaviors of patients with regard to online communication about general healthcare issues. The items included: patients' interest in e-mail, comfort in using e-mail, concerns about confidentiality, and access to e-mail. Patients' interest in using e-mail for specific situations were also evaluated, such as, making appointments, following up on treatment, or asking general health related questions. Patients' concerns about using email to communicate with healthcare organizations also were assessed. Results: The response rate to the survey was 63%, with a median age of 68 years (range 53-82), and the majority of respondents were

  10. Social work practice in the digital age: therapeutic e-mail as a direct practice methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattison, Marian

    2012-07-01

    The author addresses the risks and benefits of incorporating therapeutic e-mail communication into clinical social work practice. Consumer demand for online clinical services is growing faster than the professional response. E-mail, when used as an adjunct to traditional meetings with clients, offers distinct advantages and risks. Benefits include the potential to reach clients in geographically remote and underserved communities, enhancing and extending the therapeutic relationship and improving treatment outcomes. Risks include threats to client confidentiality and privacy, liability coverage for practitioners, licensing jurisdiction, and the lack of competency standards for delivering e-mail interventions. Currently, the social work profession does not have adequate instructive guidelines and best-practice standards for using e-mail as a direct practice methodology. Practitioners need (formal) academic training in the techniques connected to e-mail exchanges with clients. The author describes the ethical and legal risks for practitioners using therapeutic e-mail with clients and identifies recommendations for establishing best-practice standards.

  11. Legal and policy issues associated with monitoring employee E-mail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Segura, M.A.; Rither, A.C.

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines the legal issues involved with employer monitoring of employee e-mail. In addition to identifying pertinent legal issues, the paper provides guidelines that will help the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) establish a program for monitoring outgoing e-mail to insure compliance with company policies, particularly those regarding protection of trade secrets and proprietary information, and to comply with the Department of Energy`s (DOE) procedures for protecting Export Controlled Information (ECI). Electronic communication has allowed companies to enhance efficiency, responsiveness and effectiveness. E-mail allows employees to transmit all types of data to other individuals inside and outside of their companies. The ease with which information can be transmitted by e-mail has placed trade secrets, proprietary information, and other sensitive data at risk from inadvertent disclosure by employees. As employers attempt to protect their interests through measures such as monitoring e-mail, they may expose themselves to liability under federal and state laws for violating employee privacy. Business use of e-mail has proliferated so rapidly that the federal and state legal systems have not been able to adequately address the issues arising out of its use in the workplace.

  12. Do you feel you know how to write an e-mail?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonova, Anna O.

    2003-10-01

    Computers have opened doors to the new era of telecommunication. Electronic mail is becoming very popular in different spheres of professional activity and everyday life of people all over the world as it provides people an excellent opportunity for real, natural communication. The use of e-mail and the Internet involves a whole range of skills including knowing how to use a personal computer, knowing how to navigate the immense resources of cyberspace, and becoming familiar with the special register of e-mail communication (which lies somewhere between the formality of traditional writing and the spontaneity of speech). Conferencing via e-mail, or communicating with partners through networked computers, offers many opportunities in the Scientific Community. E-mail allows us to collaborate easily with thousands of colleagues, sharing new ideas, resources, and materials. It can provide the information, contacts, and stimulation that can make our research work more effective and enjoyable. The English language is world-wide accepted as lingua-franca of the Internet and intercultural communication. This brings us to a necessity to introduce some ideas on e-mail writing.

  13. Internet and e-mail use in ENT: a survey of patient usage and satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, B; Farboud, A; Trinidade, A; Kothari, P

    2012-03-01

    Nowadays, internet and e-mail are important modes of communication and information. This paper seeks to determine internet usage as a source of health information amongst ENT patients and to investigate whether patients prefer to communicate primarily with the hospital via e-mail. The method used is a questionnaire study and 201 patients attending an ENT clinic completed questionnaires over 2 weeks in December 2010. Of those with internet access (85%), 37% had used it for health information prior to their appointment; 90% rated the information between average and excellent; over half stated they would like doctor-recommended websites. Overall, 8% had previously used e-mail to communicate with healthcare professionals, but 50% stated that they wished to use e-mail in the future. ENT patients are becoming increasingly computer-literate. As healthcare professionals, we must do more to incorporate the internet as a source of reliable healthcare information. Properly implemented, e-mail can become an invaluable method of communication with patients.

  14. E-mail to Promote Colorectal Cancer Screening Within Social Networks: Acceptability and Content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cutrona, Sarah L; Wagner, Joann; Roblin, Douglas W; Gaglio, Bridget; Williams, Andrew; Torres-Stone, Rosalie; Mazor, Kathleen M

    2015-01-01

    Effective techniques to encourage colorectal cancer screening in underscreened populations have included social support interventions and e-mail reminders from physicians. Personalized e-mail messages to promote colorectal cancer screening within social networks could be even more effective but have not been studied. The authors interviewed 387 e-mail users, aged 42-73 years in Georgia, Hawaii, and Massachusetts. Participants were asked to edit a sample message in which the sender shares a recent colonoscopy experience and urges the recipient to discuss colorectal cancer screening with a doctor. For those reporting willingness to send this message, changes to the message and suggested subject lines were recorded. Edited text was analyzed for content and concordance with original message. The majority of participants (74.4%) were willing to e-mail a modifiable message. Of those willing, 63.5% edited the message. Common edits included deletion (17.7%) or modification (17.4%) of a negatively framed sentence on colon cancer risks and addition or modification of personalizing words (15.6%). Few edits changed the meaning of the message (5.6%), and even fewer introduced factual inaccuracies (1.7%). Modifiable e-mail messages offer a way for screened individuals to promote colorectal cancer screening to social network members. The accuracy and effects of such messages should be further studied.

  15. Effect of Media Usage Selection on Social Mobilization Speed: Facebook vs E-Mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jing; Madnick, Stuart; Li, Xitong; Alstott, Jeff; Velu, Chander

    2015-01-01

    Social mobilization is a process that enlists a large number of people to achieve a goal within a limited time, especially through the use of social media. There is increasing interest in understanding the factors that affect the speed of social mobilization. Based on the Langley Knights competition data set, we analyzed the differences in mobilization speed between users of Facebook and e-mail. We include other factors that may influence mobilization speed (gender, age, timing, and homophily of information source) in our model as control variables in order to isolate the effect of such factors. We show that, in this experiment, although more people used e-mail to recruit, the mobilization speed of Facebook users was faster than that of those that used e-mail. We were also able to measure and show that the mobilization speed for Facebook users was on average seven times faster compared to e-mail before controlling for other factors. After controlling for other factors, we show that Facebook users were 1.84 times more likely to register compared to e-mail users in the next period if they have not done so at any point in time. This finding could provide useful insights for future social mobilization efforts.

  16. The Use of Verbs in Business E-Mail Communication – A Pragmalingu Istic Corpus Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šiškovič Mojca Nidorfer

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Corpus analyses conducted with the help of special tools have become more widely used in all areas of linguistics, including discourse analysis, genre analysis and pragmatics. The paper presents a pragmalinguistic research study of verbs, carried out on a specialized corpus of authentic correspondence of (chains of Slovene business e-mails, Posle-pis. The corpus tools Oxford Wordsmith Tools 5.0 and Sketch Engine were used for analysis, and the research was followed by a comparison of language use with two Slovene reference corpora FidaPLUS and Gigafida. The study confirms the hypothesis that business discourse via e-mail has inherent characteristics that are shown through the frequency of use of certain verbs and verb forms. Certain forms were also identified which prove the conventionalized language use of business e-mail discourse.

  17. Framing of climate change in newspaper coverage of the East Anglia e-mail scandal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowe, Brian J; Oshita, Tsuyoshi; Terracina-Hartman, Carol; Chao, Wen-Chi

    2014-02-01

    In late 2009, a series of e-mails related to climate research were made public following the hacking into a server and the e-mail accounts of researchers at the University of East Anglia Climate Research Unit. According to some skeptics of climate change research, the content of those e-mails suggested data were being manipulated, while climate scientists said their words were taken out of context. The news coverage of this scandal provides an opportunity to consider media framing. This study has two aims: to extend previous research using a cluster analysis technique to discern frames in media texts; and to provide insight into newspaper coverage of the scandal, which is often referred to as "Climategate." This study examines the frames present in two British and two American newspapers' coverage of the issue.

  18. EVALUATION OF E-MAIL USAGE BY EXTENDED TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savaş Mutlu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is performed to evaluate E-mail usage by Extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM2 and to test the moderation effects of Espoused National Cultural Values between Subjective Norm (SN and E-mail usage Behavioral Intention (BI/Perceived Usefulness (PU. Survey was conducted in Adana Branches of an important Turkish State-Run Bank including 151 participants who have E-mail access for work purposes. As the results of the study; PU and Perceived Ease Of Use (PEOU have positive effects on BI, PEOU and SN both effect PU, Femininity (F shows positive moderating effect on the relationship between SN and PU as well as the relation between SN and BI, Collectivism (C shows positive moderation effect between SN and PU, moderation effect of SN on PU is higher for people who have higher tolerance to uncertainty.

  19. No Need for Black Chambers: Testing TLS in the E-mail Ecosystem at Large

    OpenAIRE

    Mayer, Wilfried; Zauner, Aaron; Schmiedecker, Martin; Huber, Markus

    2015-01-01

    TLS is the most widely used cryptographic protocol on the Internet. While many recent studies focused on its use in HTTPS, none so far analyzed TLS usage in e-mail related protocols, which often carry highly sensitive information. Since end-to-end encryption mechanisms like PGP are seldomly used, today confidentiality in the e-mail ecosystem is mainly based on the encryption of the transport layer. A well-positioned attacker may be able to intercept plaintext passively and at global scale. In...

  20. Deaf and hard of hearing Americans' instant messaging and e-mail use: a national survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowe, Frank G

    2002-10-01

    An online survey of 884 deaf and hard of hearing adults asked about their current and past use of communication technologies, notably TTY, telecommunications relay services, e-mail, and instant messaging (IM). Results showed that respondents were using e-mail and IM far more than TTY and relay services. The study participants virtually all had e-mail and IM at home. In fact, about one quarter had a high-speed ("broadband") connection at home. While the vast majority also had and used e-mail at work, just 1 in 3 had IM at his or her place of employment. The findings have several implications. Most important for educators is that strong reading and writing skills are essential if adults who are deaf or hard of hearing are to take advantage of today's communications technologies. Another conclusion is that some workers who are deaf or hard of hearing appear to face discrimination in employment because office policies forbid the use of a highly effective reasonable accommodation, instant messaging.

  1. "Dear Mr. Shawn": A Lesson in E-Mail Pragmatics (Netiquette).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Shawn

    2003-01-01

    This tip provides information that will help English-as-a-Second-Language learners understand the rules of formal e-mail communication, also known as netiquette, and enable them to practice using these communication skills effectively for academic purposes. (Author/VWL)

  2. Computer Security: e-mail is broken and there is nothing we can do

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefan Lueders, Computer Security Team

    2016-01-01

    Have you ever received an e-mail from a friend or someone you know and been surprised or appalled by its contents? Or, worse, have you have received a response to an e-mail that wasn’t written by you? Maybe with similarly surprising or appalling contents? If yes, welcome to the insecurity of the mail protocol, where nothing is as it seems…   No, this time we are not talking about “phishing” or malicious attachments but the very basics of the e-mail protocol. “SMTP” aka the “Simple Mail Transfer Protocol” is exactly what it says: very simple! In many respects, e-mails are identical to physical hand-written letters: you cannot deduce from the sender’s address nor from the message text whether it has really been sent by that person. Impersonation has never been as easy as with the SMTP protocol. Due to its simple design, I can pretend to be Mickey Mouse, Harry Potter or anyone else, and send you text messages...

  3. E-Mail Bonding: Making the Most of Electronic Communication between Teacher and Student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zolten, Jerry

    An instructor's idea of using required e-mail as a communication link with students in the basic public speaking course sprang from his work with Gerald M. Philips in the pioneering reticence program he developed at Penn State University in the 1970s and 1980s. The instructor's focus in teaching a basic communication course has always been more on…

  4. The effectiveness of personalized e-mail and the role of personal characteristics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Maslowska; B. van den Putte; E.G. Smit

    2011-01-01

    Personalizing communication means creating persuasive messages that refer to aspects of a person's self. Although the use of personalization is increasing, research on its effectiveness is limited and the results are mixed. This study examined the persuasiveness of personalized e-mail newsletters in

  5. E-marketing, Unsolicited Commercial E-mail, and Legal Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Xingan

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to explore the legal solutions to unsolicited commercial e-mail. The advantages of e-mail enable it to be one of the most important e-marketing instruments. Spammers are also motivated by potential profits in spamming. The low costs and high benefits of the spammers, and the high costs and low benefits of the spammed determine the illegal nature of the spamming. The spam poses challenges for e-mail recipients' property rights, fair trade, public morals, cybersecurity, personal data protection, and involves other concerns as well. In dealing with spam, technical and marketing solutions cannot work alone without the legal mechanisms. The legal regulation is justified by balancing the interest between senders, service providers and even users. Criminal sanctions, civil remedies, and international harmonization are alternative steps in establishing legal solutions. As a necessary part of the legislation, punishment for unsolicited commercial e-mails should be more severe. Still, there are a number of limitations to the effectiveness of law enforcement against spamming. Spam must be eliminated by comprehensive mechanisms.

  6. Identification and Disidentification in Organizational Discourse: A Metaphor Analysis of E-Mail Communication at Enron

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turnage, Anna K.

    2010-01-01

    This project is situated within the interpretive tradition in organizational communication research, focusing on organizational discourse. It goes further by bringing the discussion into the 21st century through examining how communication technology--specifically e-mail--plays a role in the linguistic practices that help create, maintain and…

  7. The Use of E-Mail to Deliver Performance-Based Feedback to Early Childhood Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barton, Erin E.; Pribble, Lois; Chen, Ching-I

    2013-01-01

    Three studies are described that examined the relation between performance-based (PB) feedback delivered via e-mail and preschool teachers' use of recommended practices. The authors conducted the first two studies in the same classroom with different classroom staff. The third study was conducted with three different teachers employed in…

  8. A Grounded Theory Study of the Relationship between E-Mail and Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camargo, Marta Rocha

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: This study consisted of a qualitative investigation into the role of e-mail in work-related burnout among high technology employees working full time and on-site for Internet, hardware, and software companies. Method: Grounded theory methodology was used to provide a systemic approach in categorising, sorting, and analysing data…

  9. E-Mail Writing: Providing Background Information in the Core of Computer Assisted Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazari, Behzad; Ninknejad, Sahar

    2015-01-01

    The present study highly supported the effective role of providing background information via email by the teacher to write e-mail by the students in learners' writing ability. A total number of 50 EFL advanced male students aged between 25 and 40 at different branches of Iran Language Institute in Tehran, Tehran. Through the placement test of…

  10. E-Mail Alerts and RSS Feeds for Distance Learning Administrators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Washburn, Allyson; Howell, Scott L.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes how E-Mail Alerts and RSS feeds can be helpful tools for busy distance education administrators by helping them to efficiently sort through the research and news information that is now available. These tools and their respective filters and aggregators make it possible for busy distance education administrators to stay…

  11. Open-Rate Controlled Experiment in E-Mail Marketing Campaigns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antun Biloš

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The main purpose of this paper is to test the controlled experiment (A/B split methodology in B2C oriented e-mail marketing campaigns. Design/Methodology/Approach – E-mail marketing techniques have been a substantial part of e-marketing methodology since the early Internet days of the mid-1990s. From the very beginning of Internet utilization for business purposes, e-mail was one of the most widely used communication techniques in B2B and B2C markets alike. Due to high volumes of spamming and progression of online communication clutter, some practitioners began to question the usability of e-mail as a marketing communication channel, while others embarked on working on improving the message itself. Efforts were invested into improving message quality, as well as into better understanding user expectations. One of the most commonly used techniques to test specific e-mail message elements is the controlled experiment. Findings and implications – This paper explores several types of controlled experiments in a specific Croatian B2C market. Tests were run to determine subscriber behavior towards several newsletter components, including sending time, sending day, sender’s name, and subject line. Open and click rates for tested campaigns, and several other metrics were investigated using MailChimp software. An N − 1 two-proportion test using an adjusted Wald confidence interval around the difference in the proportions was used for comparing the open-rate measure in the controlled experiments between subjects. Limitation – Controlled experiments (A/B split tests showed a lot of potential as a way of measuring behavior and preferences of subscribers, although several apparent limitations (the data-set scope, comparability issues indicated a clear need for standardization on a managerial and scientific level. Originality – This paper provides an up-to-date e-mail marketing effectiveness literature review, describes and tests the

  12. Using viral e-mails to distribute tobacco control advertisements: an experimental investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Owen B J; Donovan, Robert; Jalleh, Geoffrey

    2011-08-01

    The authors' objective was to conduct a trial of viral e-mail marketing as a distribution method for tobacco control advertisements. University students (n = 200) in the state of Western Australia were randomly allocated to receive 1 of 2 e-mails with hyperlinks to tobacco control advertisements ("Toilet" and "Rubbish") emphasizing the disgusting nature of smoking. Recipients followed a hyperlink to a Web page playing Toilet or Rubbish on endless loop. Viewers were encouraged to forward the e-mail to their friends and invited to complete an online survey about the advertisement. Unique downloads for each advertisement were identified by internet provider (IP) location and tallied by date and geographical location to assess subsequent dissemination beyond the initial 200 students. There were 826 unique viewings of the advertisements averaging 26.9 viewings per day for the first fortnight, followed by a lower average of 4.1 hits per day for the next 3.5 months. IP addresses identified hits from 3 other Australian states and 7 other countries. Online surveys were completed by 103 respondents (12.5% of total hits) but included few smokers (n = 9). Significantly more respondents rated Toilet as "funny" compared with Rubbish (40% vs. 11%; p < .05), likely explaining why the former accounted for significantly more viewings than the latter (487 vs. 339; p < .001). There was a greater than fourfold return in dissemination for each initial e-mail sent but daily hits rapidly deteriorated over time. Entertainment appears to facilitate viral e-mails being forwarded onwards but only exceptionally compelling tobacco control materials are ever likely to become self-perpetuating. PMID:21432712

  13. Uses and Perceptions of E-Mail for Course-Related Communication between Business Faculty and Undergraduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costello, Robert

    2011-01-01

    Technological advancements have facilitated the learning process by offering faculty members and students better access to resources, while increasing the potential for more interaction and communication flexibility (Firmin & Miller, 2005). Among these technologies is electronic mail or e-mail. The uses and perceptions of e-mail between business…

  14. Computer-Mediated Communication in Psychology Teaching: Influence of Cultural Background on E-Mail Content and on Appraisal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Miriam; Jucks, Regina

    2014-01-01

    A significant amount of communication between lecturers and students takes place via e-mail. This study provides evidence that two types of cultural cues contained in the e-mail impacts lecturers' linguistic adaptation to, and appraisal of, the student. A total of 186 psychology lecturers from universities in Germany answered a fictitious…

  15. Responsiveness to a Prospective Student E-Mail Inquiry by Community Colleges in the Nine Mega-States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shadinger, David A.

    2014-01-01

    This quantitative study investigated e-mail responsiveness by community colleges in the nine mega-states to an inquiry from a prospective student. Noel-Levitz (2006b) reported that prospective students want to receive an e-mail with information about an institution prior to applying for admission. Specifically, high school juniors and seniors want…

  16. Can Messages Make a Difference? The Association between E-Mail Messages and Health Outcomes in Diabetes Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Jeanine Warisse; Robinson, James D.; Tian, Yan; Neustadtl, Alan; Angelus, Pam; Russell, Marie; Mun, Seong K.; Levine, Betty

    2013-01-01

    This investigation examined the impact of social support messages on patient health outcomes. Forty-one American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian patients received a total of 618 e-mail messages from their healthcare provider (HCP). The e-mail messages were divided into 3,565 message units and coded for instances of emotional social…

  17. Predicted Outcome Value of E-Mail Communication: Factors that Foster Professional Relational Development between Students and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Stacy; Kelsey, Dawn; Lancaster, Alexander

    2011-01-01

    Using predicted outcome value theory as a guide, this study investigated the link between e-mail correspondence as a form of computer mediated extra class communication and how it may shape students' desire to foster student-teacher relational development. The findings revealed that when students believe their teacher e-mails the class frequently,…

  18. Mitigating E-Mail Requests in Teenagers' First and Second Language Academic Cyber-Consultation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alcón Soler, Eva

    2013-01-01

    The study analyses teenagers' e-mail requests during academic cyber-consultation, exploring how the performance of request modifiers is influenced by participants' perceptions of the degree of imposition of the speech act and social distance with the recipient. A total of 295 e-mail requests, 145 produced by British English speakers…

  19. Internet/E-Mail Usage and Well-Being among 65-84 Year Olds in New Zealand: Policy Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koopman-Boyden, Peggy G.; Reid, Sarah L.

    2009-01-01

    Research indicates that significant groups of older people are using Internet/e-mail technology. Using data from a 2007 random sample of 1,680 New Zealanders aged 65-84, predictors of Internet/e-mail usage and the impact of usage on well-being were investigated. Gender, age, education, household composition, income, and work were significant…

  20. FED 2012, 116, (zaaknr. 201102653/1/R1, LJN BX5940: gevolgen per e-mail verzonden bezwaarschrift)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Poelmann

    2012-01-01

    Herstelmogelijkheid ex art. 6:6art. 6:6 Awb moet worden geboden als e-mail is verzonden naar het officiële e-mailadres van het bevoegde overheidslichaam dan wel naar het zakelijke e-mailadres van een ambtenaar met wie de indiener contact over de zaak heeft gehad. Voor een per e-mail verzonden bezwaa

  1. We.I.Pe: Web Identification of People using e-mail ID

    CERN Document Server

    Kuppusamy, K S

    2012-01-01

    With the phenomenal growth of content in the World Wide Web, the diversity of user supplied queries have become vivid. Searching for people on the web has become an important type of search activity in the web search engines. This paper proposes a model named "We.I.Pe" to identify people on the World Wide Web using e-mail Id as the primary input. The approach followed in this research work provides the collected information, based on the user supplied e-mail id, in an easier to navigate manner. The grouping of collected information based on various sources makes the result visualization process more effective. The proposed model is validated by a prototype implementation. Experiments conducted on the prototype implementation provide encouraging results

  2. Notation for national and international telephone numbers, e-mail addresses and Web addresses

    CERN Document Server

    International Telecommunication Union. Geneva

    2001-01-01

    Recommendation E.123 defines a standard way to write telephone numbers, e-mail addresses, and web addresses. It recommends the following formats (when dialing the area code is optional for local calling): Telephone number: National notation (042) 123 4567 International notation +31 (0)42 123 4567 E-mail address: name@provider.com Internet address / URL: www.company.com It also recommends that a hypen (-), space ( ), or period (.) can be used to visually separate groups of numbers. The parentheses are used to indicate digits that are sometimes not dialed. a slash (/) is used to indicate alternate numbers. This information is important if you want to make sure people know how to dail a phone number in a specific country.

  3. You've got e-mail: the impact of electronic communication technology on faculty productivity

    OpenAIRE

    Elworthy, Sheila Frances Culver

    2008-01-01

    This qualitative case study explores the connection between electronic communication technology and faculty productivity. Despite the pervasive use of e-mail and other electronic communication media at educational institutions, few studies investigate the relationship of electronic communication to faculty productivity. In this study, sixteen faculty members from a public, medium-sized, and instruction-oriented college in Western Canada answered detailed questions about their professional on-...

  4. New information technology and communication in health care: using e-mail for marketing services

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Iván Martínez Espitia

    2015-01-01

    Research that was conducted was aimed to determine their use of e-mail independent health professionals. Email is one of the tools of information and communication that has shown great versatility and efciency as a means to improve the relationship between those who provide services or sell products users. Good communication is essential to keep current customers and attract new business prospects. To achieve the objective of the research a survey that measured the perception and use of email...

  5. Effect of Media Usage Selection on Social Mobilization Speed: Facebook vs E-Mail

    OpenAIRE

    Jing Wang; Stuart Madnick; Xitong Li; Jeff Alstott; Chander Velu

    2015-01-01

    Social mobilization is a process that enlists a large number of people to achieve a goal within a limited time, especially through the use of social media. There is increasing interest in understanding the factors that affect the speed of social mobilization. Based on the Langley Knights competition data set, we analyzed the differences in mobilization speed between users of Facebook and e-mail. We include other factors that may influence mobilization speed (gender, age, timing, and homophily...

  6. Compulsory registration of mail servers in order to accept e-mail from the Internet

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2008-01-01

    This announcement is intended only for administrators of a mail server (sendmail, postfix, etc.). It concerns e-mails sent from the Internet to addresses of the following type: somemailbox@somehost.cern.ch. Mail server managers are requested to register their servers so that they can accept e-mail from outside CERN. In future the CERN mail infrastructure will relay messages from outside CERN only to officially registered mail servers. This rule applies only to messages sent from the Internet. There will be NO change with respect to messages sent from inside CERN. If you are responsible for a mail server that accepts e-mails from outside CERN, please read the following page: http://cern.ch/mail/Help/?kbid=191090, where you can find information about the new rule and check if your host is already registered in the system. If you wish to register a mail server please send a message to: mailto:mail.support@cern.ch. This rule will be gradually enforced from 20 February 2008 onwards. Thank you for your cooperation...

  7. Comparison of e-mail communication skills among first- and fourth-year dental students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakley, Marnie; Horvath, Zsuzsa; Weinberg, Seth M; Bhatt, Jaya; Spallek, Heiko

    2013-11-01

    As e-mail and other forms of electronic communication increase in popularity, it is important for dental schools to consider a curriculum that prepares their graduates to understand and apply effective electronic communication strategies to their patients. Reflecting this shift in communication behavior, the American Medical Association has developed specific e-mail communication guidelines. Some behavioral examples in these guidelines include protecting patients' protected health information (PHI), ensuring proper record keeping, and using professional, courteous, and understandable language. In this study, a sample of first- and fourth-year dental students (n=160) at the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine participated in an assignment assessing their patient-provider e-mail communication skills. A rubric was used to evaluate and compare the data between dental student classes. The results reveal a generalized lack of compliance with several of these guidelines by both classes (e.g., failure to protect PHI), despite efforts to expose students to these concepts in the curriculum. In an effort to train emerging dentists to function in a rapidly changing technological environment, these findings suggest a need for growth and development of curricula and perhaps guidelines/recommendations for behavioral competencies regarding dental students' use of electronic communication in the patient care environment.

  8. Health Literacy and Global Cognitive Function Predict E-Mail but Not Internet Use in Heart Failure Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jared P. Schprechman

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The internet offers a potential for improving patient knowledge, and e-mail may be used in patient communication with providers. However, barriers to internet and e-mail use, such as low health literacy and cognitive impairment, may prevent patients from using technological resources. Purpose. We investigated whether health literacy, heart failure knowledge, and cognitive function were related to internet and e-mail use in older adults with heart failure (HF. Methods. Older adults (N=119 with heart failure (69.84±9.09 years completed measures of health literacy, heart failure knowledge, cognitive functioning, and internet use in a cross-sectional study. Results. Internet and e-mail use were reported in 78.2% and 71.4% of this sample of patients with HF, respectively. Controlling for age and education, logistic regression analyses indicated that higher health literacy predicted e-mail (P<.05 but not internet use. Global cognitive function predicted e-mail (P<.05 but not internet use. Only 45% used the Internet to obtain information on HF and internet use was not associated with greater HF knowledge. Conclusions. The majority of HF patients use the internet and e-mail, but poor health literacy and cognitive impairment may prevent some patients from accessing these resources. Future studies that examine specific internet and email interventions to increase HF knowledge are needed.

  9. A Mixed-Methods Study of Patient-Provider E-Mail Content in a Safety-Net Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirsky, Jacob B; Tieu, Lina; Lyles, Courtney; Sarkar, Urmimala

    2016-01-01

    To explore the content of patient-provider e-mails in a safety-net primary care clinic, we conducted a content analysis using inductive and deductive coding of e-mail exchanges (n = 31) collected from January through November 2013. Participants were English-speaking adult patients with a chronic condition (or their caregivers) cared for at a single publicly funded general internal medicine clinic and their primary care providers (attending general internist physicians, clinical fellows, internal medicine residents, and nurse practitioners). All e-mails were nonurgent. Patients included a medical update in 19% of all e-mails. Patients requested action in 77% of e-mails, and the most common requests overall were for action regarding medications or treatment (29%). Requests for information were less common (45% of e-mails). Patient requests (n = 56) were resolved in 84% of e-mail exchanges, resulting in 63 actions. These results show that patients in safety-net clinics are capable of safely and effectively using electronic messaging for between-visit communication with providers. Safety-net systems should implement electronic communications tools as soon as possible to increase health care access and enhance patients' involvement in their care.

  10. Send and Receive fax documents using electronic mail

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Any CERN Staff Member can now send and receive faxes directly through email using the new fax service. To do so, you need to register and obtain your “personal” fax number using the page http://cern.ch/fax. Once you have your fax number, you can fax someone by sending an email message to the address of the form name@number.mail2fax.cern.ch, for example: Joe.Bloggs@000441719999999.mail2fax.cern.ch In the example, “000441719999999” is the fax number to call, as seen from inside CERN, in this case, in London. “Joe.Bloggs” is the name of your correspondent and it will appear on the cover page along with your name, email address, your “personal” fax number, and the subject of the email. Documentation and additional examples of fax addresses are on http://cern.ch/fax The eventual text of your email will be transmitted in the fax, followed by the optional attachments, as extra pages. Attachments can be in Acrobat (.pdf), Text (.txt), Word (.doc) , Excel (.xls) or Powerpoint (.ppt) formats. Once the ...

  11. Send and Receive fax documents using electronic mail

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Any CERN Staff Member can now send and receive faxes directly through email using the new fax service. To do so, you need to register and obtain your “personal” fax number using the page http://cern.ch/fax. Once you have your fax number, you can fax someone by sending an email message to the address of the form name@number.mail2fax.cern.ch, for example: Joe.Bloggs@000441719999999.mail2fax.cern.ch In the example, “000441719999999” is the fax number to call, as seen from inside CERN, in this case, in London. “Joe.Bloggs” is the name of your correspondent and it will appear on the cover page along with your name, email address, your “personal” fax number, and the subject of the email. Documentation and additional examples of fax addresses are on http://cern.ch/fax The eventual text of your email will be transmitted in the fax, followed by the optional attachments, as extra pages. Attachments can be in Acrobat (.pdf), Text (.txt), Word (.doc) , Excel (.xls) or Powerpoint (.ppt) formats. Once ...

  12. Impact of humor and gender in e-mail marketing : Case DefShop GmbH

    OpenAIRE

    Sivén, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    This Bachelor’s thesis project was conducted for DefShop GmbH. In accordance to the commissioner’s interests towards customization of their e-mail newsletter service, a test campaign was administered in order to detect possible differences in the clicking behavior of male and female newsletter subscribers when receiving either neutral or humorous e-mails. The two test e-mails used for the campaign differed in their visual content, changing the message in either humorous or neutral direction. ...

  13. Polarity Determination using Opinion Mining in Stocks and Shares-advertising Unsolicited Bulk e-mails

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Jatinderkumar R. Saini

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available e-mail has become an important means of electronic communication but the viability of its usage is marred by Un-solicited Bulk e-mail (UBE messages. UBE consists of many types like pornographic, virus infected messages, ‘cry-for-help’ messages as well as fake and fraudulent offers/advertisements/promotions of stocks and shares, jobs, winnings, and medicines. UBE poses technical and socio-economic challenges to usage of e-mails. To meet this challenge and combat this menace, we need to understand UBE. Towards this end, a content-based textual analysis of more than 3100 stocks and shares-advertising unstructured UBE documents is presented. The paper is aimed at polarity determination of such UBE through its sentiment analysis. Technically, this is an application of Opinion Mining approached with help of Text Parsing, Tokenization, BOW and VSDM techniques. Sentiment Analysis is used to determine the polarity of the document because such UBE contain opinion of the spammer about specific stock symbol of share market. The Sentiment-depicting words are analyzed in the UBE corpus, scaled and extremes of positive and negative opinions are identified. An attempt has been made for polarity-based distribution of such UBE. It has been found that for almost 50�0of cases, the opinions expressed through such UBE have positive polarity, almost 30�0cases are negatively opined whereas almost 20�0cases contain neutral opinion. To the best knowledge and based on review of related literature, determination of UBE polarity using Opinion Mining for understanding spammer behaviour is a new concept.

  14. E-Mail discussion Forums in Library and Information Services (LIS: A Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhanavandan S

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The email facilities are currently provided free service through many search engines groups. The discussion forums are discussed through e-mail groups in same professions. The terms discussion forum “Forum, Mailing list and List are using interchangeably. This paper made an attempt to analysis library and information services (LIS forum. This paper analysed the highlights definition, purpose of the study, groups available over the internet and features of the forum, .the number of members, the mode of hosting the messages among LIS forum.

  15. Increasing the efficiency of marketing e-mail in customer retention

    OpenAIRE

    Gurbag, Ali; Morales Valuis, Guadalupe Katherine

    2016-01-01

    Technology development has changes many things in the way businesses are done nowadays. Compa-nies needed to readapt their processes to the new demands of the markets in order to be competitive in online platforms. To achieve this, companies need to focus on retaining customers. E-marketing has developed many tools for this purpose, e-mail marketing has proven to have advantages in this task; however, sometimes the outcome is not as good as expected, mainly because the content and struc-ture ...

  16. Technical Perspective on Using Information Demand Pattern in a Collaborative Recommendation System for Improving E-Mail Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirk Stamer

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Today e-mail communication information is widely used in organizations to distribute information. The increasing volume of received e-mails hinders an efficient work. It becomes more and more difficult to identify relevant e-mails inside this enormous volume of information. This work presents a solution in a multi-user environment by improving an established e-mail client extension based on information demand pattern with a recommendation system. The contributions of this work are (1 the concept and implementation of the solution for a single-user environment using information demand pattern, (2 the concept and architecture to use the solution in a multi-user environment (3 a detailed technical description about the proposed solutions.

  17. Online-Jugendberatung. Eine kommunikationswissenschaftliche Arbeit über eMail-, Chat- und Forenberatung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selina Englmayer

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Gegenstand dieser kommunikationswissenschaftlichen Diplomarbeit sind eMail-, Chat- und Foren-Beratung für Jugendliche in Österreich. Nach einer Auseinandersetzung mit herkömmlichen Formen von Beratung (face-to-face- und Telefonberatung sowie Ratgeberjournalismus geht es um Definition und Formen der Online-Beratung. Des weiteren werden u.a. spezifische Beratungsstrategien und -methoden aus Theorie und Praxis, AkteurInnen und Rollen, Vor- und Nachteile sowie Qualitätskriterien dieser Beratungsform thematisiert. Weiters setzt sich die Autorin mit Jugendlichen und Internet (Nutzungsverhalten, Mediensozialisation, soziale Beziehungen im Internet auseinander. In der Folge geht es um herkömmliche und computervermittelte Kommunikation (CvK: Kommunikationsformen und -typen, Mediencharakteristika und Spezifika, Modelle der CVK etc. sind in diesem Zusammenhang unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Online-Jugendberatung Thema. Abschließend stellt die Autorin in Reflexion auf den vorangegangenen theoretischen Teil drei österreichische Fallbeispiele der Online-Beratung für Jugendliche vor. Dabei handelt es sich um eine eMail-Beratungseinrichtung (ChEck iT!, einen Beratungschat (Kinderschutzzentrum Wien sowie ein Online-Forum (wienXtra.

  18. SMEmail - A New Protocol for the Secure E-mail in Mobile Environments

    CERN Document Server

    Toorani, Mohsen

    2010-01-01

    The electronic mail plays an unavoidable role in the humankind communications. With the great interest for the connection via mobile platforms, and the growing number of vulnerabilities and attacks, it is essential to provide suitable security solutions regarding the limitations of resource restricted platforms. Although some solutions such as PGP and S/MIME are currently available for the secure e-mail over the Internet, they are based on traditional public key cryptography that involves huge computational costs. In this paper, a new secure application-layer protocol, called SMEmail, is introduced that provides several security attributes such as confidentiality, integrity, authentication, non-repudiation, and forward secrecy of message confidentiality for the electronic mails. SMEmail offers an elliptic curve-based public key solution that uses public keys for the secure key establishment of a symmetric encryption, and is so suitable for the resource restricted platforms such as mobile phones.

  19. A Novel Feature Selection Based on One-Way ANOVA F-Test for E-Mail Spam Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadir Omer Fadl Elssied

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Spam is commonly defined as unwanted e-mails and it became a global threat against e-mail users. Although, Support Vector Machine (SVM has been commonly used in e-mail spam classification, yet the problem of high data dimensionality of the feature space due to the massive number of e-mail dataset and features still exist. To improve the limitation of SVM, reduce the computational complexity (efficiency and enhancing the classification accuracy (effectiveness. In this study, feature selection based on one-way ANOVA F-test statistics scheme was applied to determine the most important features contributing to e-mail spam classification. This feature selection based on one-way ANOVA F-test is used to reduce the high data dimensionality of the feature space before the classification process. The experiment of the proposed scheme was carried out using spam base well-known benchmarking dataset to evaluate the feasibility of the proposed method. The comparison is achieved for different datasets, categorization algorithm and success measures. In addition, experimental results on spam base English datasets showed that the enhanced SVM (FSSVM significantly outperforms SVM and many other recent spam classification methods for English dataset in terms of computational complexity and dimension reduction.

  20. "While you still think, I already type": experienced social power reduces deliberation during e-mail communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholl, Annika; Sassenberg, Kai

    2014-11-01

    E-mail allows individuals to deliberate on their communication before sending it off. For instance, communication partners can easily take their time to ponder how best to frame a request before they actually send a message. Individuals at times strategically exploit this opportunity to deliberate in order to tailor messages to their communication partner, such as when communicating with a relatively more powerful person. As social power reduces concerns about impression management, we predicted that individuals deliberate more while composing e-mail messages under low (vs. high) power. This assumption was tested with well-established power priming. As such, we expected that experienced power in one context would diminish deliberation times during a subsequent e-mail communication. An experiment manipulating the experience of (low vs. high) power and measuring deliberation times during e-mail composition supported this hypothesis. The findings thus indicate how social power alters deliberation times. More importantly, the results show that individuals not only strategically deliberate during e-mail communication in line with their current situation, but also in line with their social standing in a previous situation (here, their experience of power).

  1. The Uses of E-mail as a Medium on the Contante Justitie Proceedings on the Courts in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasser S. Wahab

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to know how the contante justitie principle may be applied into the enforced legislation in Indonesia, and to investigate the synergy of proceedings by means of e-mail in realizing contante justitie. The research employed in this paper is normative research, using both primary and secondary legal sources. Primary sources obtained from compiling relevant rules on the research concerned, in addition to secondary sources taken from books, court decisions, newspapers, internet materials and others relevant with the issue; that is to oversee the contradictions of humanist and mechanical processes when utilizing the internet e-mail for the court proceedings. The use of internet media e-mail in the correspondence process is expected to cut down the time, cost and potential instability. Thus strongly supports the realization of the principle of contante justitie in court proceedings more effectively and efficiently.

  2. Providing cell phone numbers and e-mail addresses to patients: The patient’s perspective, a cross sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peleg Roni

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Today patients can consult with their treating physician by cell phone or e-mail. These means of communication enhance the quality of medical care and increase patient satisfaction, but they can also impinge on physicians’ free time and their patient schedule while at work. The objective of this study is to assess the attitudes and practice of patients on obtaining the cell phone number or e-mail address of their physician for the purpose of medical consultation. Methods Personal interviews with patients, 18 years of age or above, selected by random sampling from the roster of adults insured by Clalit Health Services, Southern Division. The total response rate was 41%. The questionnaire included questions on the attitude and practice of patients towards obtaining their physician’s cell phone number or e-mail address. Comparisons were performed using Chi-square tests to analyze statistically significant differences of categorical variables. Two-tailed p values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant, with a power of 0.8. Results The study sample included 200 patients with a mean age of 46.6 ± 17.1, of whom 110 were women (55%. Ninety-three (46.5% responded that they would be very interested in obtaining their physician’s cell phone number, and an additional 83 (41.5% would not object to obtaining it. Of the 171 patients (85.5% who had e-mail addresses, 25 (14.6% said they would be very interested in obtaining their physician’s e-mail address, 85 (49.7% said they would not object to getting it, and 61 (35.7% were not interested. In practice only one patient had requested the physician’s e-mail address and none actually had it. Conclusions Patients favored cell phones over e-mail for consulting with their treating physicians. With new technologies such as cell phones and e-mail in common use, it is important to determine how they can be best used and how they should be integrated into the flow

  3. E-mailed standardized cognitive behavioural treatment of work-related stress: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruwaard, Jeroen; Lange, Alfred; Bouwman, Manon; Broeksteeg, Janneke; Schrieken, Bart

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a 7-week standardized cognitive behavioural treatment of work-related stress conducted via e-mail. A total of 342 people applied for treatment in reaction to a newspaper article. Initial screening reduced the sample to a heterogeneous (sub)clinical group of 239 participants. Participants were assigned randomly to a waiting list condition (n = 62), or to immediate treatment (n = 177). A follow-up was conducted 3 years after inception of the treatment. The outcome measures used were the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-42) and the Emotional Exhaustion scale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey (MBI-GS). Fifty participants (21%) dropped out. Both groups showed statistically significant improvements. Intention-to-treat analysis of covariance (ANCOVAs) revealed that participants in the treatment condition improved significantly more than those in the waiting control condition (0.001 or = d > or = 0.5 (anxiety)). The between-group effects ranged from d = 0.6 (stress) to d = 0.1 (anxiety). At follow-up, the effects were more pronounced, but this result requires replication in view of high attrition at follow-up. The results warrant further research on Internet-driven standardized cognitive behavioural therapy for work-related stress. Such research should include the direct comparison of this treatment with face-to-face treatment, and should address the optimal level of therapist contact in Internet-driven treatment.

  4. New information technology and communication in health care: using e-mail for marketing services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Iván Martínez Espitia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Research that was conducted was aimed to determine their use of e-mail independent health professionals. Email is one of the tools of information and communication that has shown great versatility and efciency as a means to improve the relationship between those who provide services or sell products users. Good communication is essential to keep current customers and attract new business prospects. To achieve the objective of the research a survey that measured the perception and use of email marketing by independent health professionals was conducted in Colombia. Four variables, including tenure email account, receiving these email accounts marketing of products or services, read marketing emails and use by marketing professionals were measured with email. The result of this study showed that independent health professionals in Colombia are familiar with this type of marketing. Generally interested incorporate it as one of your marketing tools, but do not know how to do this activity, which is described in a simple way how to do a marketing campaign with the use of emails to the users of health services.

  5. Politeness Accommodation in E-Mail Requests among Iranian Postgraduate Students of EFL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammed Parviz

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Computer-mediated communication (CMC offers us a chance to understand how social relationships are built and maintained in an environment in which interlocutors not only lack the paralinguistic features that are vital to face-to- face conversation, but are participating in a medium which has had little time to develop rules of conduct. The present study was an attempt to determine politeness accommodation in e-mail messages among Iranian postgraduate students of EFL. One hundred EFL learners, aged 22-26, participated in this study. Four different message types were constructed and sent to the participants, i.e. messages with verbal politeness markers; messages with structural politeness elements (e. g., salutation and closing remarks; messages with both verbal and structural politeness indicators; finally messages with neither verbal nor structural politeness indicators. Further, the messages varied in their degree of politeness; however, their content was the same. Results showed that the participants accommodated significantly to verbal politeness indicators in the body of a message, and to structural politeness indicators of greeting/salutation. When such indicators were included in messages, the participants responded with significantly more polite messages (greeting and body than when the indicators were absent. The results boost our understanding of CMC with reference to politeness markers, and how they are used by Iranian EFL learners.Keywords: Computer-mediated communication, Politeness, Negative politeness, Positive politeness, Face

  6. Analysis of E-Mail Produced by Middle School Students with Disabilities Using Accessible Interfaces: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sohlberg, McKay Moore; Todis, Bonnie; Fickas, Stephen; Ehlhardt, Laurie

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this exploratory study was to investigate electronic communication as a potential method to enhance social communication in a range of students with disabilities. This study investigated the usability of an adapted e-mail interface, TeenMail, for 11 middle school students with significant learning and communication impairments who…

  7. Efficacy of a Single Computer-Tailored E-Mail for Smoking Cessation: Results after 6 Months

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poel, Fam Te; Bolman, Catherine; Reubsaet, Astrid; de Vries, Hein

    2009-01-01

    To date, few Internet-delivered smoking cessation interventions have been tested. This study tested the efficacy, understandability, credibility and personal relevance of an e-mail-delivered computer-tailored smoking cessation intervention. It included tailored action plan feedback, as recent studies have demonstrated the importance of planning in…

  8. EFL Students' Vocabulary Learning in NS-NNS E-Mail Interactions: Do They Learn New Words by Imitation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasaki, Akihiko; Takeuchi, Osamu

    2010-01-01

    The present study investigated Japanese students' EFL vocabulary development through e-mail interactions with a native English speaker (NS), with primary focus on students' imitation of new words. According to sociocultural theory, learners can internalize new linguistic knowledge by imitating an expert's expressions to create his/her own…

  9. Assessing the Factors Affecting the Amount of E-Mail Spam Delivery in a Public School District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasenchock, David A.

    2013-01-01

    Eighty to ninety percent of e-mail is considered unsolicited commercial communication, or spam. Not only does spam violate the privacy of users, but it also incurs societal costs associated with time-related losses, serves as a vehicle for cyber-crime, and threatens the success of e-commerce by lowering consumer confidence. This quantitative…

  10. RDA Implementation and Training Issues across United States Academic Libraries: An In-Depth E-Mail Interview Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jung-ran; Tosaka, Yuji

    2015-01-01

    This study aims at providing in-depth perspectives on the ways in which cataloging and metadata professionals have coped with RDA training and implementation through an e-mail interview method. Results show that the performance-based, "learn-as-you-go," peer learning method is found by practitioners to be most effective in acquiring and…

  11. E-Mail-Kommunikation als Form der Online-Beratung – Einzelfallstudie aus dem Fallmanagement eines SGB-II-Trägers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Katz

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Die Autorin hat eine Einzelfallstudie über die E-Mail-Kommunikation einer Fallmanagerin mit ihren Beratungskunden im JobCenter angefertigt. Hierfür hat sie sowohl die grundsätzlichen Möglichkeiten in der Arbeitslosenberatung des JobCenters ergänzend zur persönlichen Beratung per E-Mail zu kommunizieren als auch den konkreten E-Mail-Verlauf binnen dreier Wochen ausgewertet. Ein Abdruck beispielhafter E-Mail-Kommunikationsverläufe rundet die Arbeit ab.

  12. Digital Signature Based Fax Machine Using ARM9 and Linux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ch. Komali

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this method we are having the S3C2240A (ARM9 Board which is ported with Linux in it. And this ARM9 board with Linux will be connected to the Touch Screen device. This ARM9 board intern will be connected to the LAN network (Ethernet. To design this fax machine we are using two Arm controller boards. One Arm board will keep at fax Transmission side and another board will keep at fax receiving side. By using the Ethernet we will send and receive the fax, for that we are using TCP/IP server and TCP/IP client. In this fax machine we have too many options on touch screen of arm like retrieve, sign, send, save etc. By selecting the retrieve option we can see the received text data on touch screen. If we want to transmit text data, we can select send option, then the fax will sent to the destination. On the receiving side, the received fax will be displayed on LCD touch screen. If necessary, we can sign directly on the touch panel by selecting the sign option. If we want to retransmit that signed document, we should active server. In this way bidirectional transmission and reception is possible

  13. The Effects of E-Mail Messages in a Distance Learning University on Perceived Academic and Social Support, Academic Satisfaction, and Coping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiman, Tali

    2008-01-01

    The study examines the effects of e-mail messages on students' perceived social support, academic satisfaction, academic outcomes, and on students' coping modes. E-mails with a social or academic content were submitted by the university academic staff responsible for the courses to the 229 undergraduate students enrolled in an online social…

  14. Personal Media Producer: A System for Creating 3D CG Animation from Mobile Phone E-mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koichi Emura

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Mobile phone e-mail is increasingly being chosen by consumers as their primary communication tool. Messages exchanged among mobile phone users frequently contain “emoticons (smileys” and “emoji (pictograms”. Some consumers have started to use services that add a relevant animated image to a message. Consumers will start to exchange animated messages if they are available. This paper proposes a method of generating animation sequences from plain text messages without an authoring process. This method utilizes information available in the consumer’s ubiquitous computing environment to obtain necessary information not included in the original e-mail. The results of the preliminary evaluation show that a user needs around two minutes to create a one-minute animation using this method, a 3.6 times improvement in creation efficiency over that of a prior method.

  15. The Uses of E-mail as a Medium on the Contante Justitie Proceedings on the Courts in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Yasser S. Wahab; Julianto J.J. Kalalo; Lisa Mery

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to know how the contante justitie principle may be applied into the enforced legislation in Indonesia, and to investigate the synergy of proceedings by means of e-mail in realizing contante justitie. The research employed in this paper is normative research, using both primary and secondary legal sources. Primary sources obtained from compiling relevant rules on the research concerned, in addition to secondary sources taken from books, court decisions, newspapers, internet ...

  16. Perception of e-mail personality at zero-acquaintance: Extraversion takes care of itself; Neuroticism is a worry

    OpenAIRE

    Gill, Alastair J.; Oberlander, Jon

    2003-01-01

    We investigate the impact of computer-mediated interaction on person perception. In particular, we study how traits important for socialisation and collaboration—Extraversion and Neuroticism—can be detected from the text of an e-mail communication. We have previously shown how Extraversion influences people’s language production in electroniccommunication, in broadly intuitive ways. Here, we briefly outline the ways in which Neuroticism is expressed more through the high-level properties of a...

  17. 电子邮件长期保存的困扰%Some Confusions in E-mail Long-Term Preservation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧国全; 张晓彤

    2015-01-01

    Compared with other digital resources, e-mail has its own characteristics. There are some confusions during the e-mail long-term preservation that includes the following aspects : (1) e-mail capturing confusions, which come from the diverse locations of e-mail storage because of the system operating mechanism; (2) e-mail metadata confusions, which come from the dififculties in implementing both the authenticity of automatically assigned value to some metadata elements and the integrity of e-mail threads; (3) e-mail body preservation confusions, which come from the dififcult choices of the format information's preservation; (4)legal confusions, which come from the separation of e-mail preservation rights and the lack of e-mail preservation laws and regulations; (5)e-mail system policy confusions, which come from the break of e-mail threads as a result of the automatic deletion of messages; (6)e-mail user behavior confusions, which come from the diverse uses of the e-mail account.%与其他类型数字资源相比,电子邮件有其自身的特殊性,对其实施长期保存面临诸多困扰.这些困扰包括:邮件获取的困扰,产生于邮件系统运行机制导致邮件存放位置的多元化;邮件元数据的困扰,产生于多个元素自动取值的真实性以及邮件线程的完整性难以保障;邮件正文的保存困扰,产生于格式信息保存的选择困难;法律困扰,产生于该类数字资源保存权的分散且法律法规的缺失;邮件系统方针的困扰,产生于邮件自动删除的方针导致邮件线程建立的困难;邮件用户行为的困扰,产生于用户使用邮件账户的多样化.

  18. E-mail support as an adjunct to cognitive-behavioral group therapy for social anxiety disorder: Impact on dropout and outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delsignore, Aba; Rufer, Michael; Emmerich, Juliane; Weidt, Steffi; Brühl, Annette Beatrix; Moergeli, Hanspeter

    2016-10-30

    The present study evaluates the impact of semi-individualized e-mail support as an adjunct to cognitive behavioral group therapy (CBGT) for social anxiety disorder (SAD) on dropout and outcome. The effectiveness of additional semi-individualized e-mail support was evaluated for the whole sample and for a subsample of patients at risk of dropping out of therapy. A total of 91 patients with SAD were allocated either to the intervention condition (CBGT with e-mail support), or to the control condition (CBGT without e-mail support). Anxiety symptoms, depression, global symptomatology and life satisfaction were assessed at pretreatment, post-treatment and follow-up (3, 6 and 12 months). From pre-treatment to post-treatment, both groups improved significantly on all symptom measures. Therapy gains were maintained at the 1-year follow-up. Subsample analyses showed that CBGT+e-mail was more effective than CGBT alone in reducing symptom severity among patients missing at least two therapy sessions. Additionally, in this subgroup, those receiving additional e-mail support showed a tendency towards lower dropout rates. Based on the results of this study, semi-individualized e-mail support between sessions seems to enhance the effectiveness of CBGT for SAD patients at risk of dropping out of treatment and should be considered as an additional tool in clinical practice.

  19. Pros and Cons when Combining E-mail Marketing with Telemarketing in Business-to-Business Direct Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Ignatov, Sille

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to find pros and cons for combining e-mail marketing with telemarketing in business-to-business direct marketing. This topic is current because more and more businesses want to properly use this combination but have no skills of doing it successfully. One of the example company is EcoTelematics Group, for whom this thesis has been written for. However, due to the general level of the content other businesses struggling with the same issues can find help from...

  20. 'Can you upload as soon as you can please?' A study of university student requests by e-mail in English Medium Instruction

    OpenAIRE

    Lazarescu, Raluca Catalina

    2013-01-01

    In the last two decades, the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has somewhat changed educational patterns. More specifically, e-mail communication in the academic setting has to some extent modified the student-teacher relationship (Economidou-Kogetsidis, 2011). Through electronic mail, students no longer need to wait until lesson time or advising sessions to have their queries and requests solved. The use of e-mail seems to have made possible a new kind of relationship bet...

  1. Research and Design of E-mail Safety Based on CORBA Technology%基于CORBA的电子邮件安全研究与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊全会

    2012-01-01

    Based on the security issues of e-mail,this paper studies CORBA technology and e-mail deeply.Introduce CORBA technology into e-mail.Add CORBA interception mechanism at the server-side of e-mail and introduce filter mechanism of CORBA message notification during sending and receiving messages,which not only ensure e-mail reliability and security,but also prevent the sending of spam.%基于目前电子邮件安全问题,通过对CORBA技术及电子邮件的研究,把CORBA技术引入电子邮件中,在电子邮件服务器端引入CORBA拦截机制,在消息收发过程中引入CORBA通知服务的过滤机制,不仅是为了保证邮件的可靠安全,同时可以阻止垃圾邮件的发送。

  2. 一种新的E-mail应用模式的研究%A New Model of E-mail Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马勤; 陶先平; 吕建

    2001-01-01

    E-mail has been the most mature and widely used way of mail exchanging on Internet. But its ability is far more than this. Virtually,it can be used as a basic facility for data exchanging and automatic processing in various domain applications. From this point of view,a new model of E-mail application is presented in this paper,and based on the new model,we advise a two-layer framework for implementation. In the framework a middleware system EAMS is desigened and implemented with well generality,flexibility and expandability. Also meeting notification is discussed as a typical application.

  3. E-mail marketing e a influência na intenção de compra do consumidor online : caso Clubefashion

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Marta Costa da

    2015-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing O e-commerce é hoje um grande motor da economia mundial. O e-mail marketing continua a ser a ferramenta de comunicação mais poderosa na decisão de compra. Este projeto tem como objetivo perceber a influência do e-mail marketing na intenção de compra, analisando de que forma algumas das variáveis que caracterizam as campanhas, como linha de assunto, layout e segmentação, bem como as taxas de aberturas e cliques, contribuem para maior propensão para a compra. Para tal, ...

  4. The Application of the Electronic Documentary Mining Technology to the E-mail Monitoring System%电子文档挖掘技术在电子邮件监控系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡立军; 张大方

    2003-01-01

    The e-mail monitoring system is a real-time tool to monitor the content of the e-mail. However, the characteristics (the hypersensinve reformation) in the e-mail extracted systematically by the existing e-mail monitoring system can not sometimes perfectly reflect the practical conditions, meanwhile, the monitoring model established by it is not perfect enough. Therefore, it is easy to have wrong alarm or fail to alarm. According to such conditions, this paper discusses in great details the application of the electronic documentary mining technology in the e-mail monitoring system, and puts forward to adopt the structural model of the electronic documentary mining technology in the e-mail monitoring system.

  5. The Feasibility of an E-Mail-Delivered Intervention to Improve Nutrition and Physical Activity Behaviors in African American College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, Eleanor; Schweitzer, Amy; Hurtado, Maria Eugenia; Hathway, Joanne; DiPietro, Loretta; Lei, Kai Y.; Klein, Catherine J.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of an e-mail-delivered program to promote nutrition and physical activity in African American college students. Participants: Forty-seven students (76% female, aged 18-20 years). Methods: Students participated in a 24-week randomized controlled trial, receiving either general health…

  6. E-mail og/eller SMS: 22 husholdningers erfaringer på baggrund af et års feedback om elforbruget

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Anders

    Hovedresultatet er, at husholdningerne værdsætter on-line information (via sms og e-mail) om udviklingen i deres elforbrug. Husholdningerne værdsætter dette uafhængigt af deres holdninger i øvrigt til energibesparelser. Informationen giver husholdningerne en ønsket oplevelse af kontrol. Rapporten...

  7. Comparing Traditional Journal Writing with Journal Writing Shared over E-mail List Serves as Tools for Facilitating Reflective Thinking: A Study of Preservice Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaplan, Diane S.; Rupley, William H.; Sparks, Joanne; Holcomb, Angelia

    2007-01-01

    To determine the conditions that would best encourage reflection in journal writing of preservice teachers in field-based reading internships, the degree of reflective content found in self-contained traditional journals was compared to the reflective content found in journal entries shared over e-mail list serves. Participants were 56 preservice…

  8. A produção escrita do gênero e-mail nos livros didáticos de língua inglesa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvia Mônica Moura Lima

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: As interações sociais vêm proporcionando novas formas de comunicação impulsionadas pelas novas tecnologias. Gêneros como o e-mail tem nos proporcionados variações criativas na língua, sobretudo em sua escrita (CRYSTAL, 2006. Considerando o livro didático (LD como um gênero do discurso, e refletindo sobre essa conjuntura digital que incidem em nossas interações, objetivamos nesse trabalho analisar as atividades de escrita de e-mails em duas coleções didáticas de inglês para o ensino médio, no intuito de verificar nesses gêneros evidências sobre a relação de seus elementos regularizadores como propósitos, estilos, temas, papeis sociais, estrutura composicional e evento deflagrador, ou seja, propõe-se, em linhas gerais, verificar o comportamento do gênero e-mail nas atividades propostas pelos livros, refletindo sobre suas influências. Para dar sustentação a essa pesquisa, fundamentamo-nos nas leituras de Bakhtin (1997[1979], Miller (2012[1984], Swales (2004, Bazerman(2009, Devitt (2004, Bunzen (2008, dentre outros. Os resultados das analises evidenciaram que as atividades de escrita do e-mail são influenciadas pelos propósitos comunicativos do livro didático, os quais se regularizam em aspectos linguísticos e temáticos, refletindo sobremaneira nos demais elementos como estilos, papeis sociais, estrutura composicional e outros, dessa maneira, pouco espelhando a natureza sociorretórica do e-mail na vida social.

  9. E-mail as the Appropriate Method of Communication for the Decision-Maker When Soliciting Advice for an Intellective Decision Task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prahl, Andrew; Dexter, Franklin; Swol, Lyn Van; Braun, Michael T; Epstein, Richard H

    2015-09-01

    For many problems in operating room and anesthesia group management, there are tasks with optimal decisions, and yet experienced personnel tend to make decisions that are worse or no better than random chance. Such decisions include staff scheduling, case scheduling, moving cases among operating rooms, and choosing patient arrival times. In such settings, operating room management leadership decision-making should typically be autocratic rather than participative. Autocratic-style decision-making calls for managers to solicit and consider feedback from stakeholders in the decision outcome but to make the decision themselves using their expert knowledge and the facts received. For this to be effective, often the manager will obtain expert advice from outside the organization (e.g., health system). In this narrative review, we evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using prompt asynchronous written communication (i.e., e-mail) as a communication channel for such interaction between a decision-maker (manager) and advisor. A detailed Appendix (Supplemental Digital Content, http://links.lww.com/AA/B72) lists each observational and experimental result. We find that the current ubiquitous role of e-mail for such communication is appropriate. Its benefits include improved time management via asynchronicity, low cognitive load (e.g., relative to Web conferencing), the ability to hide undesirable and irrelevant cues (e.g., physical appearance), the appropriateness of adding desirable cues (e.g., titles and degrees), the opportunity to provide written expression of confidence, and the ability for the advisor to demonstrate the answer for the decision-maker. Given that the manager is e-mailing an advisor whose competence the manager trusts, it is unnecessary to use a richer communication channel to develop trust. Finally, many of the limitations of e-mail can be rectified through training. We expect that decades from now, e-mail (i.e., asynchronous writing) between an

  10. Foreign language learning using e-mail in a task-oriented perspective: Interuniversity experiments in communication and collaboration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barson, John; Frommer, Judith; Schwartz, Michael

    1993-12-01

    From 1988 to 1990 several collaborative “cross-country” intermediate French classes at Harvard and Stanford became one class. Students combined their efforts and insights in the accomplishment of a semester-long task, in most cases the publication of a student newspaper or magazine, using the electronic mail (e-mail) network to contact each other, elaborate their plans, and bring their projects to successful conclusion. Additional experiments of a similar nature took place between Harvard and the University of Pittsburgh (in the spring of 1990) and between Stanford and the University of Pittsburgh during 1991 1993. This paper suggests that this type of task-oriented learning through distance-communication is applicable at many different course levels and has considerable merit as an approach to teaching and learning. The key phases of this task-based model are presented along with technological information regarding computers and networks, as a guide to colleagues interested in pursuing similar lines of experimental teaching. Also included are samples of student messages, with their varied and often highly colorful discourse features, which attest to the motivation of students and reveal the strong personal investment made by the participants as they join hands across the miles in a productive, communication-based enterprise. The language and learning styles generated by technology and computers fully deserve closer investigation by researchers and teaching practitioners alike. The authors summarize the experiments, discuss assessment, and present research issues, concluding that good pedagogy and quality technology must share a vision of what can be accomplished in this rapidly evolving educational work place.

  11. Faxing Structures to the Moon: Freeform Additive Construction System (FACS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, A. Scott; Wilcox, Brian; McQuin, Christopher; Townsend, Julie; Rieber, Richard; Barmatz, Martin; Leichty, John

    2013-01-01

    Using the highly articulated All-Terrain Hex-Limbed Extra-Terrestrial Explorer (ATHLETE) robotic mobility system as a precision positioning tool, a variety of print head technologies can be used to 3D print large-scale in-situ structures on planetary surfaces such as the moon or Mars. In effect, in the same way CAD models can be printed in a 3D printer, large-scale structures such as walls, vaults, domes, berms, paving, trench walls, and other insitu derived elements can be FAXed to the planetary surface and built in advance of the arrival of crews, supplementing equipment and materials brought from earth. This paper discusses the ATHLETE system as a mobility / positioning platform, and presents several options for large-scale additive print head technologies, including tunable microwave "sinterator" approaches and in-situ concrete deposition. The paper also discusses potential applications, such as sintered-in-place habitat shells, radiation shielding, road paving, modular bricks, and prefabricated construction components.

  12. Technique Development and Application:Construction of a Secure and Reliable E-mail System with Sendmail and InterScan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PANWei; CHENLiaoyuan; LIYongge

    2003-01-01

    Today, e-mail has become part of communication, and is the core of information publication among the enterprises. So as to can reach the rapid, low-cost and reliable email demand, many companies and individuals use the service offered by Linux as the solution satisfying the demands. Sondmail is a freeware which acts as mail server in Linux.The age-old development history of Sendmail ensures its transplantability, stability and the technique support.

  13. Don't LOL at virtual visits. Technology is allowing more doctors and patients to consult via e-mail, and insurance companies are reimbursing for it.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robeznieks, Andis

    2007-10-15

    In today's "I-gotta-know-now" society, many patients turn to e-mail to contact doctors on matters, as opposed to waiting for an in-person office visit. Now, some insurers are actually reimbursing doctors for their electronic time, which is also known as a "virtual visit." Internist Paul Tang, left, doesn't consider the practice mainstream yet. "No one is reimbursing us," he says.

  14. A Study on Learning Pre-Algebra Using Interactive Multimedia Courseware Within Collaborative Learning Set-Up and E-Mail Interactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Sazali Khalid

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Many students at diploma level are weak in mathematics even after spending eleven years in Malaysian education system. However, throughout the world there are research studies been done with mixed results using technology and collaborative learning. The objective of this paper is to analyze the effect of learning pre-algebra using interactive courseware with collaborative learning by using STAD set ups with interactive courseware using e-mail facilities during team discussion only. Quasi experimental type research was used. The gain score (differences between post and pre test between the two equivalent groups were obtained. Diploma Information Technology first year students in two different intake years 2009 and 2010 in UTHM were employed. ‘t-test’ results revealed the second group using e-mail is statistically significantly inferior to the group using purelyinteractive multimedia courseware CDiCL only with STAD team discussion. On average participants experienced higher gain scores in the first group (Mean = 3.28, SE=0.433, than participants in thesecond group (M=0.77, SE=0.354. This difference was statistically significant (t (74 = 4.51, p<0.05; however, it did show a medium effect size of r = 0.45. Some clinical interviews and audiovideorecordings were taken to support that teams prefer using conventional collaborative learning method with more group discussions rather than e-mails and facebook in solving problem.

  15. E-mail as the Appropriate Method of Communication for the Decision-Maker When Soliciting Advice for an Intellective Decision Task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prahl, Andrew; Dexter, Franklin; Swol, Lyn Van; Braun, Michael T; Epstein, Richard H

    2015-09-01

    For many problems in operating room and anesthesia group management, there are tasks with optimal decisions, and yet experienced personnel tend to make decisions that are worse or no better than random chance. Such decisions include staff scheduling, case scheduling, moving cases among operating rooms, and choosing patient arrival times. In such settings, operating room management leadership decision-making should typically be autocratic rather than participative. Autocratic-style decision-making calls for managers to solicit and consider feedback from stakeholders in the decision outcome but to make the decision themselves using their expert knowledge and the facts received. For this to be effective, often the manager will obtain expert advice from outside the organization (e.g., health system). In this narrative review, we evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using prompt asynchronous written communication (i.e., e-mail) as a communication channel for such interaction between a decision-maker (manager) and advisor. A detailed Appendix (Supplemental Digital Content, http://links.lww.com/AA/B72) lists each observational and experimental result. We find that the current ubiquitous role of e-mail for such communication is appropriate. Its benefits include improved time management via asynchronicity, low cognitive load (e.g., relative to Web conferencing), the ability to hide undesirable and irrelevant cues (e.g., physical appearance), the appropriateness of adding desirable cues (e.g., titles and degrees), the opportunity to provide written expression of confidence, and the ability for the advisor to demonstrate the answer for the decision-maker. Given that the manager is e-mailing an advisor whose competence the manager trusts, it is unnecessary to use a richer communication channel to develop trust. Finally, many of the limitations of e-mail can be rectified through training. We expect that decades from now, e-mail (i.e., asynchronous writing) between an

  16. Self-Help for Depression via E-mail: A Randomised Controlled Trial of Effects on Depression and Self-Help Behaviour.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy J Morgan

    Full Text Available Self-help or self-management strategies are commonly used to deal with depression, but not all are thought to be helpful. A previous study found that sub-threshold depression symptoms were improved by an e-mail intervention that encouraged the use of evidence-based self-help strategies.To investigate whether these e-mails were effective for adults with a range of depression symptomatology including major depression.The study was a parallel-group randomised controlled trial. Adult participants with any level of depressive symptoms were recruited over the internet from the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and the United States. Participants were randomised to receive a series of e-mails either promoting the use of evidence-based self-help strategies or containing depression information as a control. E-mails were sent automatically twice a week for six weeks. Depression symptoms were assessed with the self-rated Patient Health Questionnaire depression scale (PHQ-9.1736 participants with a wide range of symptom severity were recruited and assigned to active (n = 862 and control (n = 874 groups. However, there was a significant attrition rate, with 66.9% lost to follow-up at post-intervention. Both groups showed large improvements in depression symptoms overall, with no significant difference in improvement at the end of the study (mean difference in improvement 0.35 points, 95% CI: -0.57 to 1.28, d = 0.11, 95% CI: -0.06 to 0.27, although there was a small effect at the study mid-point. Results were similar for the sub-group of participants with major depression. The active group showed small to moderate improvements in self-help behaviour (d = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.23 to 0.56.These results suggest that the e-mails were able to increase participants' use of evidence-based self-help, but that this did not improve depression more than an attention control.NCT01399502.

  17. The 16 most common fossil groups from Danian found in Faxe Quarry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Bodil Wesenberg

    2009-01-01

    Twelve folders dealing with the 16 most common fossil groups from Danian found in Faxe Quarry. The folders are for sale at the museum and designated for visitor......Twelve folders dealing with the 16 most common fossil groups from Danian found in Faxe Quarry. The folders are for sale at the museum and designated for visitor...

  18. Kurumsal Bilgi Kaynağı Olarak E-posta Yönetim Sistemleri = E-mail Management Systems as an Enterprise Information Resource

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Külcü, Özgür

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Çalışmada, e-posta kullanımı ve yönetimine ilişkin uluslararası koşullar incelenmekte, bu çerçevede Türkiye’de 28 kurum örneğinde gerçekleştirilen anket verileri değerlendirilmektedir. Betimleme yönteminin kullanıldığı çalışmada literatür incelemesi ve anket tekniklerine dayanarak gerekli veriler elde edilmiştir. Araştırmada e-posta kullanımına ilişkin elde edilen verilerin, ilgili alanda sistemler geliştirmeye çalışan araştırmacılara yardımcı olması beklenmektedir. Kurumsal e-posta yönetimine ilişkin temel sorunlar arasında mesajların üretimi, düzenlenmesi, ayıklanması ve uzun süre korunmasını içeren e-posta yönetim sistemlerinin geliştirilmesi yer almaktadır. Ayrıca insan kaynakları, mali ve idari konuların yönetimi ile belge ve arşiv yönetimi çalışmalarını kapsamına alan, içerisine e-posta yönetiminin de dâhil olduğu sistemlerin bütünleştirilmesi güncel araştırma konuları arasındadır. / This study examines the universal usage and management of e-mail communication and compares with the data, gathered from 28 Turkish institutions. This is a descriptive research in nature and the quantitative data were collected through surveys. It is expected that the results one-mail communication and its usage styles will shed a ligth into researcher who are working on system development. One of the basic problems of organizational e-mail management systems are lack of e-mail systems including message creation, maintenance, disposition, and long term preservation. Furthermore, the results indicate that integration of human resources management, financial and administrative management systems and archival management systems with e-mail managment system is another major problem.

  19. UNIFYING AUTHENTICATION OF MOODLE AND E-MAIL SYSTEM BASED ON LDAP%Moodle及邮件系统基于LDAP的统一身份认证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐鹂; 王耀

    2011-01-01

    Moodle and e-mail system are two related,but separate applications,they have their own authentication system. Under the campus application environment, the practical problem we have encountered is how to realise the uniform authentication and management of both. Through learning and comprehending the authentication ways of two systems,and proceeding from the LDAP data model,we elaborately discuss the config uration of LDAP server as well as the process of LDAP configuration in regard to Moodle and e-mail system as the client sides.%Moodle和邮件系统是两个既相关又独立的应用系统,它们有各自的认证体系.在校园应用环境下,如何实现两者的统一认证和管理,这是在工作实际中遇到的一个问题.通过对两个系统的认证方式的认识和了解,从轻量级目录访问协议LDAP的数据模型入手,着重讨论LDAP服务器的配置以及作为客户端的Moodle与邮件系统的LDAP配置过程.

  20. Skills on How to Write Business E- mail Correctly%商务英语E-mail邮件的写作技巧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊先

    2007-01-01

    随着因特网的发展,越来越多的人在网上使用邮件与朋友,家人聊天,甚至利用它在网上做生意.现在没有一种通讯方式能与之相比.使用E-mail邮件效率高,费用低,省时间.论述了如何正确地写好商务英语E-mail邮件.掌握这些技巧是商务活动成功的关键之一.参4.%With the development of Internet, more and more people use E - mail to chat with their friends and family members, to do business on the Internet. There is no better communicational tool than using E - mail to do international business. It can save your cost and time, and it' s cheaper and faster than the traditional business letter. This paper discussed how to write it correctly. Mastering the writing skills, you can do business in an effective way. 4refs.

  1. What a rude e-mail! Examining the differential effects of incivility versus support on mood, energy, engagement, and performance in an online context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giumetti, Gary W; Hatfield, Andrea L; Scisco, Jenna L; Schroeder, Amber N; Muth, Eric R; Kowalski, Robin M

    2013-07-01

    Existing research on workplace incivility has demonstrated an association with a host of negative outcomes, including increased burnout, turnover intentions, and physical symptoms. With the rise in Internet communication over the last decade, interpersonal mistreatment has spilled over to the Internet, but little is known about the impact of incivility communicated via e-mail on employee psychological and performance outcomes. The current study presents a within-subjects experiment wherein incivility and support were manipulated in a laboratory-based simulated workplace setting. Eighty-four participants completed a series of math tasks while interacting with either an uncivil or a supportive supervisor via e-mail. Data were collected on energy, cardiac activity, mood, task performance, and engagement. Findings indicate that participants reported higher levels of negative affect and lower levels of energy after working with the uncivil supervisor than with the supportive supervisor. Additionally, participants performed significantly worse on the math tasks and had lower engagement in the uncivil condition than the supportive condition, and these relationships were mediated by energy. No differences were found in cardiac activity between the two conditions. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for the 21st century world of work.

  2. Exploring potential use of internet, E-mail, and instant text messaging to promote breast health and mammogram use among immigrant Hispanic women in Los Angeles County.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dang, Catherine M; Estrada, Sylvia; Bresee, Catherine; Phillips, Edward H

    2013-10-01

    Breast cancer is now the leading cause of death in Hispanic women (HW). Internet, e-mail, and instant text messaging may be cost-effective in educating HW about breast health and in reducing breast cancer mortality. We surveyed 905 HW women attending a free health fair about their technology use, acculturation, insurance status, mammography use, and breast cancer knowledge. Data were analyzed by t test or χ(2) tests. Mean age was 51.9 ± 14.2 years (range, 18 to 88 years). Ninety-two per cent were foreign-born. Most had completed some high school (39%) or elementary (38%) education. Most (62%) were uninsured. The majority spoke (67%) and read (66%) only Spanish. Only 60 per cent of HW older than 40 years had a recent mammogram. HW older than 40 years who had not had a recent mammogram were younger (mean 54.9 ± 10.8 vs 58 ± 10.4 years) and less likely to have health insurance (25 vs 44%; P e-mail (64%). However, 70 per cent have mobile phones (66% older than 40 years), and 65 per cent use text messaging daily (58% older than 40 years, P = 0.001). In fact, 45 per cent wish to receive a mammogram reminder by text. Text messaging may be an inexpensive way to promote breast health and screening mammography use among uninsured HW.

  3. 垃圾邮件防止法之探讨%An Analysis of the Draft of Protection in Spam E-mails and Filters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾胜珍

    2013-01-01

    Modern people use e-mail to connect a majority of life , even busi-ness, including customer and vendor communication , marketing, and filing official documents .The most recent development , mass electronic mailing-known in the computer industry vernacular as “spam”—allows businesses to contact millions of potential customers , large numbers of them can be extremely inconvenient , with al-most no cost per message .When we discover that our most recent e-mails were not delivered to recipients by using a major Internet Service Provider (“ISP”) , be-cause we were recently listed on an automated block list as a sender of unwanted bulk commercial e-mail (“spam”) .The most efficient approach for a sender im-properly included on a block list or a spam filter is to request removal directly from that list or filter .The paper will provide the suggestions of proposed amendments in the future legislature .%因特网的发展与便利形成现代社会中不可或缺的存在,电子邮件的便利跨越时空的限制,使得人与人之间的联系紧密维护,然而垃圾邮件( Junk E-mails)却同时造成使用人相当的困扰,不但增加层层过滤信件的时间,也引发部分正常信件经过封锁名单( Block Lists )及垃圾邮件清除器( Spam Filters )的使用,反而被归类到垃圾邮件的分类。本文建议应考虑垃圾邮件发信人查缉不易与变换位置迅速的缺点,参考美国经验并检视美国法规制度与实务判决等方面,再衡量既有法制解决此类问题将面临的困难与障碍,从而提出设立新法的建议与内容,希冀能为垃圾邮件防止法提供省思与依据。

  4. E-mail Fragment Carving Model and Algorithm Based on Set Theory%基于集合论的E-mail碎片雕刻模型及算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李炳龙; 张传富; 韩宗达; 王清贤

    2014-01-01

    To acquire fragment E-mail evidence from storage medium, this paper analyzes the E-mail fragment file carving problem on the base of the set partition theory, determines the fragment file carving thought. According to the model, it designs E-mail fragment file carving algorithm model including preprocessing, E-mail file fragment subset determination, connected relation determination between E-mail fragments. By using hexadecimal editor, it expounds internal structure features of E-mail file, combined with the characteristics of fragment mail head and tail and embedded html files, discusses the fragment attributes in storage medium, and gives the adjacent rules among concentration characteristics, follow characteristics, linear properties and information characteristics from the fragments. Experimental results show that the algorithm can acquire E-mail evidence more effectively.%为获取存储介质中的碎片E-mail证据,利用集合论原理对邮件碎片文件雕刻问题进行分析,确定基于集合论划分思想的碎片文件雕刻思路。设计包含预处理、E-mail 文件碎片子集确定、E-mail 碎片间的连接关系确定等过程的邮件碎片文件雕刻算法模型。利用十六进制编辑器,阐述E-mail文件的内部结构特征,结合碎片邮件头尾和内嵌的html文件特征,论述存储介质上碎片的属性,给出碎片间的集中特性、跟随特性、线性特性以及信息特性的连接规则。实验结果表明,碎片邮件文件雕刻算法能更有效地获取邮件证据。

  5. The fax-1 nuclear hormone receptor regulates axon pathfinding and neurotransmitter expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Much, J W; Slade, D J; Klampert, K; Garriga, G; Wightman, B

    2000-02-01

    Specification of neuron identity requires the activation of a number of discrete developmental programs. Among these is pathway selection by growth cones: in order for a neuron's growth cone to respond appropriately to guidance cues presented by other cells or the extracellular matrix, the neuron must express genes to mediate the response. The fax-1 gene of C. elegans is required for pathfinding of axons that extend along the ventral nerve cord. We show that fax-1 is also required for pathfinding of axons in the nerve ring, the largest nerve bundle in the nematode, and for normal expression of FMRFamide-like neurotransmitters in the AVK interneurons. The fax-1 gene encodes a member of the superfamily of nuclear hormone receptors and has a DNA-binding domain related to the human PNR and Drosophila Tailless proteins. We observe fax-1 expression in embryonic neurons, including the AVK interneurons, just prior to axon extension, but after neurogenesis. These data suggest that fax-1 coordinately regulates the transcription of genes that function in the selection of axon pathways, neurotransmitter expression and, perhaps, other aspects of the specification of neuron identity.

  6. COPROLITES FROM THE DANIAN LIMESTONE (LOWER PALEOCENE) OF FAXE QUARRY, DENMARK

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milàn, Jesper

    2010-01-01

    A collection of coprolites found in the Danian (Lower Paleocene) limestone of Faxe Quarry, Denmark, is described and attributed to the respective producers. Small, drop-like specimens with weak signs of spiral coiling are attributed to fish. Larger, heteropolar, spirally-coiled specimens are attr......A collection of coprolites found in the Danian (Lower Paleocene) limestone of Faxe Quarry, Denmark, is described and attributed to the respective producers. Small, drop-like specimens with weak signs of spiral coiling are attributed to fish. Larger, heteropolar, spirally-coiled specimens...

  7. SNG-log in borehole P7 in Faxe Chalk Quarry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsbech, Uffe C C

    1996-01-01

    A spectral natural gamma-ray log in a 190 m borehole in Faxe chalk quarry confirms that Danish bryozoan and corallic limestones contain very low levels of natural radioactivity. Due to the low content of natural radioactivity it has been possible to observe the influence from cosmic radiation...

  8. Solution of Security Enterprise E-mail Based on FPE Technology%基于FPE技术的企业安全邮件解决方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕾; 高永兵; 马占飞

    2014-01-01

    Because there are a lot of secret information in Intranet,electronic mail system security has gained a lot of attention to enterprise managers. Based on analysis of the existing solutions of security e-mail,point out the deficiencies of the existing scheme. Aiming at these problems,make full use of the format preserving encryption characteristics,which the enciphered data format and length unchanged. Under the premise of ensuring mail protocol to proper use,mail header information is get for effective protection,and a security mail solution is put forward based on the Feistel networks FPE algorithm. While it ensures the security of enterprise internal e-mail server and client,the efficiency and safety of transmission mail is also received assurance.%由于域内大量敏感信息的存在,企业内部电子邮件系统的安全性受到大量企业管理者的重视。在对现有各种安全电子邮件解决方案进行分析的基础上,指出了现有方案的不足之处。针对存在的问题,充分利用保留格式加密( FPE )技术加密后数据格式和长度不变的特点,在保证邮件协议能正常使用的前提下,对邮件头部信息进行了有效的安全保护,提出了一种基于Feistel网络FPE算法的安全邮件解决方案,使得在保障企业内部电子邮件服务器端和客户端安全性的同时,传输邮件的效率和安全同样获得了保证。

  9. Personalized feedback as a universal prevention approach for college drinking: a randomized trial of an e-mail linked universal web-based alcohol intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palfai, Tibor P; Winter, Michael; Lu, John; Rosenbloom, David; Saitz, Richard

    2014-04-01

    Alcohol use among first-year university students continues to be a central health concern. Efforts to address drinking in this population have increasingly relied on web-based interventions, which have the capacity to reach large numbers of students through a convenient and highly utilized medium. Despite evidence for the utility of this approach for reducing hazardous drinking, recent studies that have examined the effectiveness of this approach as a universal prevention strategy in campus-wide studies have produced mixed results. We sought to test the effectiveness of a web-based alcohol intervention as a universal prevention strategy for first-year students. An e-mail invitation linked to a brief, web-based survey on health behaviors was sent to all first-year students during the fall semester. Those who completed the baseline assessment were randomized to receive either a feedback-based alcohol intervention (intervention condition) or feedback about other health-related behaviors such as sleep and nutrition (control condition). A second web-based survey was used to collect follow-up drinking data 5 months later. The number of heavy drinking episodes in the previous month and alcohol-related consequences in the previous 3 months served as the primary dependent variables. Negative binomial regression analyses did not indicate a significant effect of the intervention at follow-up on either heavy drinking episodes or alcohol-related consequences. Analyses of additional drinking outcomes among the subsample of students who reported that they did not drink at baseline showed that those who received the alcohol intervention were subsequently less likely to drink alcohol. These results suggest that web-based alcohol interventions may be a potentially useful method of maintaining abstinence among underage, non-drinking students. Overall, however, results indicate that an e-mail-linked, campus-wide, web-intervention approach to address alcohol use among first

  10. 无标度网络环境下E-mail病毒的传播模型%E-mail Virus Spreading Model in Scale-free Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘俊; 金聪; 邓清华

    2009-01-01

    提出无标度网络环境下E-mail病毒的传播模型.通过对模型的求解,得到E-mail用户感染密度随传播率、恢复率和网络平均度变化的计算表达式.实验表明,在反病毒技术未出现前,用户感染密度最终将达到一个稳定状态,并通过实验证明了传播率与网络平均度足影响E-mail病毒蔓延的关键性因素.%An E-mail virus spreading model based on the scale-free network is proposed. By mathematical calculations, the density of infected users is obtained, and it is affected by many parameters, e.g., spreading rate, recovery rate and average degree of network, etc. Experiments show that the density of infected users finally becomes a stable state before anti-virus technique apw.aring. Moreover, the spreading rate and average of degree of network take the key important role in this phase.

  11. Increasing Induction-Level Teachers' Positive-to-Negative Communication Ratio and Use of Behavior-Specific Praise through E-Mailed Performance Feedback and Its Effect on Students' Task Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathel, Jeanna M.; Drasgow, Erik; Brown, William H.; Marshall, Kathleen J.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of e-mailed specific performance feedback that included progress monitoring graphs on induction-level teachers' ratios of positive-to-negative communication behaviors and their use of behavior-specific praise in classrooms for students with emotional and behavioral disorders, mild…

  12. Utilization of CAM, CAF, MAX, and FAX for space radiation analyses using HZETRN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slaba, T. C.; Qualls, G. D.; Clowdsley, M. S.; Blattnig, S. R.; Walker, S. A.; Simonsen, L. C.

    2010-04-01

    To estimate astronaut health risk due to space radiation, one must have the ability to calculate various exposure-related quantities that are averaged over specific organs and tissue types. Such calculations require computational models of the ambient space radiation environment, particle transport, nuclear and atomic physics, and the human body. While significant efforts have been made to verify, validate, and quantify the uncertainties associated with many of these models and tools, relatively little work has focused on the uncertainties associated with the representation and utilization of the human phantoms. In this study, we first examine the anatomical properties of the Computerized Anatomical Man (CAM), Computerized Anatomical Female (CAF), Male Adult voXel (MAX), and Female Adult voXel (FAX) models by comparing the masses of various model tissues used to calculate effective dose to the reference values specified by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). The MAX and FAX tissue masses are found to be in good agreement with the reference data, while major discrepancies are found between the CAM and CAF tissue masses and the reference data for almost all of the effective dose tissues. We next examine the distribution of target points used with the deterministic transport code HZETRN (High charge (Z) and Energy TRaNsport) to compute mass averaged exposure quantities. A numerical algorithm is presented and used to generate multiple point distributions of varying fidelity for many of the effective dose tissues identified in CAM, CAF, MAX, and FAX. The point distributions are used to compute mass averaged dose equivalent values under both a galactic cosmic ray (GCR) and solar particle event (SPE) environment impinging isotropically on three spherical aluminum shells with areal densities of 0.4 g/cm2, 2.0 g/cm2, and 10.0 g/cm2. The dose equivalent values are examined to identify a recommended set of target points for each of the tissues and

  13. A fax-machine amorphous silicon sensor for X-ray detection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alberdi, J. [Association EURATOM/CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain); Barcala, J.M. [Association EURATOM/CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain); Chvatchkine, V. [Association EURATOM/CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain); Ioudine, I. [Association EURATOM/CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain); Molinero, A. [Association EURATOM/CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain); Navarrete, J.J. [Association EURATOM/CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain); Yuste, C. [Association EURATOM/CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)

    1996-10-01

    Amorphous silicon detectors have been used, basically, as solar cells for energetics applications. As light detectors, linear sensors are used in fax and photocopier machines because they can be built with a large size, low price and have a high radiation hardness. Due to these performances, amorphous silicon detectors have been used as radiation detectors, and, presently, some groups are developing matrix amorphous silicon detectors with built-in electronics for medical X-ray applications. Our group has been working on the design and development of an X-ray image system based on a commercial fax linear amorphous silicon detector. The sensor scans the selected area and detects light produced by the X-ray in a scintillator placed on the sensor. Image-processing software produces a final image with better resolution and definition. (orig.).

  14. A catalogue of Danian gastropods from the Baunekule facies, Faxe Formation, Denmark

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauridsen, B.W.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This catalogue of 194 gastropod taxa is based on the collection of Danian gastropods from the Baunekule facies, Faxe Formation in eastern Denmark. The gastropod fauna is extremely rich and well preserved. Most of the gastropods (106 species are referred to genus level only, 9 morphotypes to even higher taxonomical levels and 79 gastropods are referred to species level. The gastropods are classified following Bouchet & Rocroi (2005 as 4 different clades: Vetigastropoda (represented by 26 species and 10 superfamilies, Caenogastropoda (represented by 142 species and 17 superfamilies, Heterobranchia (represented by 23 species and 5 superfamilies and Opisthobranchia (represented by 1 species and 1 superfamily. The new species Zaclys? nuetzeli n. sp. is introduced. The Faxe Formation is recognised as a cold-water coral ecosystem with interfingering smaller bryozoan mounds. The Baunekule facies is found in the upper part of the coral mound complex of the Faxe Formation, where it forms isolated lensoidal bodies in the flanks of some of the coral mounds. It is characterised by a high diversity invertebrate fauna that occurs in weakly consolidated coraldominated floatstone to rudstone. The diagenesis of the Baunekule facies is of special significance because a high proportion of the originally aragonite-shelled fauna is preserved by recrystallization to calcite during early burial diagenesis. Most of the gastropods are not known from other parts of the Faxe Fm. The fauna is very important for comparative evolutionary studies of fossil and modern gastropods on cold-water coral mounds. Many of the genera have not previously been recorded from Danian strata. None of the gastropod species found in the Baunekule facies are known for certain to range below the Cretaceous–Palaeogene boundary. The fauna is comparable to gastropods found on modern cold-water coral mounds in the North Atlantic. The gastropod fauna from the Baunekule facies is characterised by a

  15. Spam Collaborative Filtering in Enron E-mail Network%邮件网络协同过滤机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨震; 赖英旭; 段立娟; 李玉鑑; 许昕

    2012-01-01

    基于 Enron邮件集合探索真实邮件网络,揭示出邮件网络的无标度特性和有限小世界特性.在此基础上,依据用户间交互强度设计出垃圾邮件协同过滤机制,通过调整参数λ,用户可以决定主要是依靠自己还是其他用户协同进行垃圾信息过滤.算法即使在没有对用户个人阅读习惯充分训练的情况下,也可以通过基于交互强度的网络协同方式实现良好过滤.同时为了解决Enron数据集缺乏标注的情况,基于训练样本集W和测试样本集T独立同分布的假设,利用改进的EM (Expectation maximization)算法最小化WUT集合上风险函数,给出了未知样本的一个良好标注.真实数据上的实验表明,同单.机过滤和集成过滤方法相比,协同过滤能够提高平均过滤精度且方法简单易行.%Social network analysis in Enron corpus found that the real e-mail network was a scale-free and small world in some degree. Then a spam collaborative filtering method was designed based on users' interaction. By adjusting the parameter A, users can decide filtering spam by themselves or others or trade-off between them. Even in the absence of reading habits of users, the collaborative filtering method could achieve good performance. Because the Enron corpus was unlabeled, by adding I.I.d. Assumption constraint to training data set W and test data set T, we labeled Enron corpus using improved EM (Expectation maximization) algorithm in a sense of minimum statistical risk in W ∪ T. Experiment results showed that the collaborative filtering method is simple and effective which can steadily increase average accuracy compared with single machine and ensemble filterings.

  16. 图书馆利用移动电子邮件系统实现信息服务%Application of Mobile E-mail System in Use of Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖秋荣

    2013-01-01

      高校图书馆可以充分利用移动通信技术和智能手机,在已有的读者服务模式基础上不断创新、开拓。文章探讨了高校图书馆开发移动电子邮件系统,可以为高校读者群提供更快、更便捷的服务,推动高校图书馆的读者服务功能往更广、更深的模式发展。在阐述了开发移动电子邮件系统意义的基础上,对高校图书馆移动电子邮件系统的构建进行了深入分析,并对高校图书馆电子邮件的推送过程进行了阐述。%Mobile telecommunication technology and smartphone can be fully used by college libraries as an innovation of their original service models.The mobile e-mail system is discussed in this paper as a more convenient service for library users and a further development of library′s service function.Following the elaboration on the significance of developing mobile e-mail system,an in-depth analysis is made of the construction of college library mobile e-mail system,and the e-mail-pushing process is discussed as well.

  17. Bite traces in a turtle carapace fragment from the middle Danian (Lower Paleocene) bryozoan limestone, Faxe, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milan, Jesper; Lindow, Bent Erik Kramer; Lauridsen, Bodil Wesenberg

    2011-01-01

    A fragment of a turtle carapace from the Middle Danian bryozoan limestone at the Faxe quarry, eastern Denmark, is identified as a partial costal plate from the carapace of a chelonioid turtle. The fragment bears traces of three separate acts of predation or scavenging. Two circular bite traces...... either alone or in a row of three, are either from sharks or fish. This is the first record of turtles from the Danian bryozoan limestone exposed in Faxe....

  18. E-mailed Evidence Based Summaries Impact Physician Learning More than Practice. A Review of: Grad, Roland M., Pierre Pluye, Jay Mercer, Bernard Marlow, Marie Eve Beauchamp, Michael Shulha, Janique Johnson-Lafleur and Sharon Wood-Dauphinee. “Impact of Research-based Synopses Delivered as Daily E-mail: A Prospective Observational Study.” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association (2008)15.2: 240-5.

    OpenAIRE

    Hannigan, Gale G.

    2009-01-01

    Objective – To determine the use and construct validity of a method to assess the cognitive impact of information derived from daily e-mail evidence based summaries (InfoPOEMs), and to describe the self-reported impact of these InfoPOEMs.Design – Prospective, observational study over a period of 150 days employing a questionnaire and rating scale.Setting – This study was conducted via the Internet between September 8, 2006 and February 4, 2007.Subjects – Canadian Medical Association (CMA) mem...

  19. The fate of a middle Danian (Lower Paleocene) turtle from the bryozoan limestone of Faxe Quarry, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milàn, Jesper; Lindow, Bent Erik Kramer; Lauridsen, Bodil Wesenberg

    A piece of turtle carapace from the Middle Danian bryozoan limestone at the Faxe quarry, eastern Denmark, is identified as a partial coastal plate from the carapace of a chelonioid turtle. In addition to being the first record of turtles from the Middle Danian of Denmark, the fragment bears...

  20. Ratios between the effective doses for tomographic phantoms MAX and FAX

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the last two decades, the coefficients for the equivalent dose in organs and tissues, as well as to the effective dose, recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) were determined using exposure models based on stylized phantoms type MIRD, representing the human body with its radiosensitive organs and tissues according to the ICRP 23 Reference Man, Monte Carlo codes that simulate in a simplified way radiation physics, fabric compositions from different sources, and sometimes applied in a no realistic way, and by the list of organs and tissues at risk with their corresponding weight factors, published in ICRP 60. In the meantime, the International Commission on radiation units and Measurements (ICRU) published reference data to human tissue compositions in ICRU 44 and ICRP launched new anatomical and physiological data of reference in the report number 89. In addition a draft report with recommendations to be released in 2005 (http://icrp.org/) advances significant changes in the list of radiosensitive organs and tissues as well as their corresponding weight factors. As a practical consequence, all components of the traditional stylized models of exposure should be replaced: Monte Carlo codes, human phantoms, the compositions of the fabric and the selection of the organs and tissues at risk with their respective weight factors to determine the effective dose. This article presents the results of comprehensive research into the dosimetric consequences of replacing the stylized models of exposure. The calculations were done using the EGS4 Monte Carlo and MCNP4C codes for external and internal exposure to photons and electrons with phantoms ADAM and EVA, as well as with tomographic phantoms MAX and FAX, for different compositions and tissue distributions. The ratios between effective doses for models of exposure based on phantoms of voxels and effective doses for the stylized models for external and internal exposure to photons and

  1. E-mailed Evidence Based Summaries Impact Physician Learning More than Practice. A Review of: Grad, Roland M., Pierre Pluye, Jay Mercer, Bernard Marlow, Marie Eve Beauchamp, Michael Shulha, Janique Johnson-Lafleur and Sharon Wood-Dauphinee. “Impact of Research-based Synopses Delivered as Daily E-mail: A Prospective Observational Study.” Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association (200815.2: 240-5.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gale G. Hannigan

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To determine the use and construct validity of a method to assess the cognitive impact of information derived from daily e-mail evidence based summaries (InfoPOEMs, and to describe the self-reported impact of these InfoPOEMs.Design – Prospective, observational study over a period of 150 days employing a questionnaire and rating scale.Setting – This study was conducted via the Internet between September 8, 2006 and February 4, 2007.Subjects – Canadian Medical Association (CMA members who received InfoPOEMs via e-mail as of September 2006 were invited to participate. For inclusion in the analyses, a participant was defined as a practising family physician or general practitioner who submitted at least five ratings of InfoPOEMS during the study period (n=1,007.Methods – Volunteers completed a demographic questionnaire and provided informed consent online. Each subsequent InfoPOEM delivered included a link to a “ten-item impact assessment scale” (241. Participants checked “all that apply” of descriptive statements such as: My practice was (will be improved; I learned something new; I think this information is potentially harmful. Each combination of selections made was considered a pattern of cognitive impact. College of Family Physicians of Canada received continuing medical education (CME credit for each InfoPOEM rated. Data were collected by the CMA and forwarded weekly to the investigators who used descriptive statistics, principal component analysis, and multilevel factor analysis to analyze the data.Main Results – 1,007 participants rated an average of 61 InfoPOEMs (ranging from five to 111. A total of 61,493 patterns of cognitive impact were submitted. Eighty-five different patterns were observed, i.e., there were 85 different combinations of the scale’s statements used. Ten patterns accounted for 89.4% of the reports. The top five patterns were: I learned something new (35.2%; No impact (17.1%; This

  2. Bridging cultural diversity through e-mail

    OpenAIRE

    Shachaf, Pnina

    2005-01-01

    The implementation of global virtual teams presents modern organizations with significant challenges, such as a multicultural workforce and the use of information and communication technology. Cultural diversity increases teamwork complexity and may weaken a team's effectiveness and jeopardize its viability. Selection and implementation of appropriate information technology may facilitate group processes and overcome potential barriers created by team heterogeneity. This study illustrates how...

  3. E-mail on the Move

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    PocketScience, Inc. was a member of the NASA Ames Technology Commercialization Center. Their PocketMail product is an email service that brings email capabilities to new hand-held devices. The PocketMail service uses technology originally developed at JPL. Through its involvement with the ATCC, PocketScience, Inc. was able to use this space probe communications technology and adapt it for advanced signal processing on Earth.

  4. 图书馆邮件服务系统集成的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Library E-mail Service System Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦志华

    2011-01-01

    利用电子邮件开展读者服务已经成为图书馆日常服务的基本手段。但如何将图书馆多个读者服务系统通过电子邮件集成起来,实现一站式电子邮件服务,通过采用Jmail组件与PowerBuilder开发平台。实现了图书馆多个信息服务系统间的集成,有效地提高了图书馆读者电子邮件服务的质量与效率。%Using E-mail in reader service has become the basic daily method of library. But how to integrate multiple reader service by Email system, and realize one-stop Email service, is the focus of this article. The article realized the integration of the multiple library information service systems by using Jmail component and PowerBuilder development platform, and then effectively improved the library reader Email service quality and efficiency.

  5. 基于WinPcap的邮件信息解析系统的实现与优化%Realize and optimize of E-mail information analysis system based on WinPcap

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴鑫; 余飞

    2009-01-01

    随着互联网的迅速发展,利用电子邮件进行不良信息传播的情况越来越严重,给用户带来极大的困扰,因此对网络中的邮件信息进行有效获取已成为当务之急.根据WinPcap抓包原理,研究了基于简单邮件传输协议SMTP(Simple Message Transfer Protocol)及邮局协议POP3(Post Office Protocol 3)传输的邮件信息解析方法,实现了一个基于WinPcap的邮件信息解析系统EIAS(E-mail Information Analysis System) 并提出了系统的性能优化方案.本文的研究成果不仅填补了在高速网络环境下邮件正文及附件信息还原方案的空白,更为监控网络中的不良信息提供了参考.

  6. Instalace, konfigurace a testování serverových služeb typu www, e-mail, DNS a SAMBA v prostředí IPv4 a IPv6

    OpenAIRE

    Dosoudil, Petr

    2012-01-01

    Cílem práce je ukázat zprovoznění serverových služeb typu www, e-mail, DNS a SAMBA, v prostředích operačních systémů Microsoft Windows Server 2008 a Debian. Teoretická část práce se zaměřuje na popis jednotlivých služeb a princip jejich fungování. Dále je doplněna o problematiku modelu TCP/IP, včetně jeho vrstev a rozdílů mezi IPv4 a IPv6. V praktické části je pro každou službu navržena určitá realizace, zabývající se instalací a následnou konfigurací dané služby ve vybraných operačních systé...

  7. The use of VB.NET in the business daily e-mail System%VB.NET在经营日报邮件系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈中

    2011-01-01

    The use of Visual Studio. NET 2003 technology development business daily e-mail system, to achieve the basic operating conditions of the daily data, key indicators and results of the audit, according tO different business needs analysis produced several reports by email daily sent to business leaders and department heads so that they can be the first time to understand the business situation, according to formulate policy responses to market changes. This principle of the system development, system features and design are introduced.%利用Visual Studio.NET 2003技术开发的经营日报邮件系统,实现了将每目的经营状况基本数据、关键指标和稽核结果,按照不同业务部门各种需求分析制作成多个报表,通过邮件方式每日发送给企业领导及部门负责人,让他们能在第一时间了解企业经营现状,根据市场变化制定应对政策。本文对该系统的开发原理、系统的功能特最和设计方案进行了介绍。

  8. Taiwan Earthquake Damage Index Sin Mei Nga* and Masataka Andob a* Department of Geology, Chinese Culture University, No. 55, Hwa-Kang Road, Yang-Ming-Shan, Taipei 11114, Taiwan b Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica, 128, Sec2, Academia Road, Nangang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan * Corresponding author. Tel.: +886 (02) 28 61 05 11 ext.26133 fax: +886 (02) 28 61 49 59 E-mail: wsw2@ulive.pccu.edu.tw or sin_mei_josephine_ng@hotmail.com

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, S.

    2012-12-01

    Taking advantage of a previous study and twelve-year, free-field strong motion data in Taiwan, a preliminary, five-level earthquake damage index is newly proposed: I-No (no damage), II-Very Light, III-Light, IV-Moderate, and V-Heavy. For index I, PGA and PGV are, respectively, 450 gal and >75 cm/s. Ten damaging seismic events in the past twelve years are redefined using this new earthquake damage index, with the devastating Chi-Chi earthquake and one non-damaging event as reference earthquakes. This newly proposed index depicts seismic hazard of these earthquakes with higher accuracy when compared to the existing intensity scale in Taiwan region. For further analysis, Japan earthquakes are also plotted as references.

  9. Investigation of PACE™ software and VeriFax's Impairoscope device for quantitatively measuring the effects of stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgenthaler, George W.; Nuñez, German R.; Botello, Aaron M.; Soto, Jose; Shrairman, Ruth; Landau, Alexander

    1998-01-01

    Many reaction time experiments have been conducted over the years to observe human responses. However, most of the experiments that were performed did not have quantitatively accurate instruments for measuring change in reaction time under stress. There is a great need for quantitative instruments to measure neuromuscular reaction responses under stressful conditions such as distraction, disorientation, disease, alcohol, drugs, etc. The two instruments used in the experiments reported in this paper are such devices. Their accuracy, portability, ease of use, and biometric character are what makes them very special. PACE™ is a software model used to measure reaction time. VeriFax's Impairoscope measures the deterioration of neuromuscular responses. During the 1997 Summer Semester, various reaction time experiments were conducted on University of Colorado faculty, staff, and students using the PACE™ system. The tests included both two-eye and one-eye unstressed trials and trials with various stresses such as fatigue, distractions in which subjects were asked to perform simple arithmetic during the PACE™ tests, and stress due to rotating-chair dizziness. Various VeriFax Impairoscope tests, both stressed and unstressed, were conducted to determine the Impairoscope's ability to quantitatively measure this impairment. In the 1997 Fall Semester, a Phase II effort was undertaken to increase test sample sizes in order to provide statistical precision and stability. More sophisticated statistical methods remain to be applied to better interpret the data.

  10. Using e-mail in the management of tuberculosis patients, north-west Russia%俄罗斯西北地区利用电子邮件管理结核病人经验介绍

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    B.; Uldal; E.; Nikishova; Rakova; A.Mariandyshev; S.; M.; Bye; N.; Nisovtszevat; 张宗德(译); 贺晓新(校); 张立兴(审)

    2006-01-01

    地点:俄罗斯西北地区的10个卫生保健机构.目标:用电子邮件(e-mail)手段改善结核病人的管理水平.设计:对Arkhangelsk地区结核病中心过去18个月期间收到和发出的电子邮件进行保存和分类.收集所有和远程教育有关的电子邮件,专家组对根据47封电子邮件形成的二次意见调查表进行了讨论和回答. 结果:电子邮件能加速沟通并增加获得专家建议的机会.该地区比较积极地开展了远程教学,但其运用程度适中.在47份咨询中的6份(13%),专家组认为及时获取二次意见挽救了生命.30份咨询(64%)中的病人只是节省了去专科中心的周折.在24份咨询(51%)中,专家组认为使用电子邮件使病人开始正确治疗的时间提前了1周至1个月.11份咨询(23%)中的病人具有传染性.大家对二次意见的学习效果表示认同.结论:电子邮件的使用尤其是二次意见服务特别有意义.用电子邮件作为结核病管理工具的优缺点需要更进一步的研究.

  11. Virtual Racism Rears its Head: Uncovering Librarian Bias in E-mail Reference Services. A review of: Shachaf, Pnina, and Sarah Horowitz. “Are Virtual Reference Services Color Blind?” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006): 501‐20.

    OpenAIRE

    Wendy Furlan

    2007-01-01

    Objective – To examine whether librarians provide equitable virtual reference services to diverse user groups.Design – Unobtrusive method of defined scenarios submitted via e-mail.Setting – Twenty‐three Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member libraries from across the United States. All ARL member libraries were invited to participate, with the 23 acceptances providing 19% participation.Subjects – Anonymous librarians from the 23 participating libraries’ virtual e‐mail reference servic...

  12. Formes de séquentialité dans les courriels et les forums de discussion. Une approche conversationnelle de l’interaction sur Internet. Forms of sequentiality in e-mails and newsgroup discussions : a conversational approach of Internet communication.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenza Mondada

    1999-06-01

    to give another perspective on these new media and in order to question the conceptual tools indispensable for understanding them. In this framework, this article proposes a conversational approach of Internet communication in e-mails and discussion lists. It focuses on a particular phenomena : the practice of quoting the previous message in an answering message, where the quote is evaluated, completed, commented on, answered to. This practice introduces a particular kind of interactivity in the message. The analysis deals with various aspects of this practice, as the ways in which the second message can segment the first, the types of adjacent pairs which can be found in this chaining of messages, the modes of accomplishing and repairing the interpretation given by the second message.

  13. All about FAX: a Female Adult voXel phantom for Monte Carlo calculation in radiation protection dosimetry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, R; Khoury, H J; Vieira, J W; Loureiro, E C M; Lima, V J M; Lima, F R A; Hoff, G

    2004-12-01

    The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has created a task group on dose calculations, which, among other objectives, should replace the currently used mathematical MIRD phantoms by voxel phantoms. Voxel phantoms are based on digital images recorded from scanning of real persons by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Compared to the mathematical MIRD phantoms, voxel phantoms are true to the natural representations of a human body. Connected to a radiation transport code, voxel phantoms serve as virtual humans for which equivalent dose to organs and tissues from exposure to ionizing radiation can be calculated. The principal database for the construction of the FAX (Female Adult voXel) phantom consisted of 151 CT images recorded from scanning of trunk and head of a female patient, whose body weight and height were close to the corresponding data recommended by the ICRP in Publication 89. All 22 organs and tissues at risk, except for the red bone marrow and the osteogenic cells on the endosteal surface of bone ('bone surface'), have been segmented manually with a technique recently developed at the Departamento de Energia Nuclear of the UFPE in Recife, Brazil. After segmentation the volumes of the organs and tissues have been adjusted to agree with the organ and tissue masses recommended by ICRP for the Reference Adult Female in Publication 89. Comparisons have been made with the organ and tissue masses of the mathematical EVA phantom, as well as with the corresponding data for other female voxel phantoms. The three-dimensional matrix of the segmented images has eventually been connected to the EGS4 Monte Carlo code. Effective dose conversion coefficients have been calculated for exposures to photons, and compared to data determined for the mathematical MIRD-type phantoms, as well as for other voxel phantoms.

  14. Evaluation of Prescriber Responses to Pharmacist Recommendations Communicated by Fax in a Medication Therapy Management Program (MTMP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, Prasadini N.; Guy, Mignonne C.; Sweaney, Ashley M.; Boesen, Kevin P.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND As defined by the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003, medication therapy management programs (MTMPs) must be designed to decrease adverse drug events and improve patient outcomes by promoting appropriate medication use. WellPoint Inc. contracted with the pharmacist-run University of Arizona College of Pharmacy Medication Management Center (UA MMC) to provide a pilot telephone-based MTMP to approximately 5,000 high-risk beneficiaries from among its nearly 2 million Medicare prescription drug plan (PDP) beneficiaries. Eligibility for the program was determined by a minimum of 2 of 6 chronic diseases (dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease, depression, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; at least 1 of the latter 2 diseases must be present), at least 3 Part-D covered medications, and greater than $4,000 per year in predicted drug spending. In addition to these criteria, WellPoint Inc. used the Johns Hopkins adjusted clinical groups (ACG) predictive model to identify the high-risk beneficiaries to be enrolled in the program. Medication therapy reviews were conducted for these patients. If any medication-related problems (MRPs) were identified, the patient’s prescribers were contacted via a fax communication with recommendation(s) to resolve these MRPs. The UA MMC fax interventions were categorized as cost saving, guideline adherence, or safety concerns. OBJECTIVES To (a) determine prescriber responses to pharmacist-initiated recommendations in an MTMP for the 3 intervention categories, (b) compare prescriber responses between intervention categories, and (c) compare prescriber response by prescriber type (primary care physician [PCP] vs. specialist) within each intervention category. METHODS A retrospective analysis of pharmacist-initiated interventions from August through December 2008 was performed using data collected from the UA MMC database. Data were collected on

  15. The C. elegans nuclear receptor gene fax-1 and homeobox gene unc-42 coordinate interneuron identity by regulating the expression of glutamate receptor subunits and other neuron-specific genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wightman, Bruce; Ebert, Bryan; Carmean, Nicole; Weber, Katherine; Clever, Sheila

    2005-11-01

    The fax-1 gene of the nematode C. elegans encodes a conserved nuclear receptor that is the ortholog of the human PNR gene and functions in the specification of neuron identities. Mutations in fax-1 result in locomotion defects. FAX-1 protein accumulates in the nuclei of 18 neurons, among them the AVA, AVB, and AVE interneuron pairs that coordinate body movements. The identities of AVA and AVE interneurons are defective in fax-1 mutants; neither neuron expresses the NMDA receptor subunits nmr-1 and nmr-2. Other ionotropic glutamate receptor subunits are expressed normally in the AVA and AVE neurons. The unc-42 homeobox gene also regulates AVA and AVE identity; however, unc-42 mutants display the complementary phenotype: NMDA receptor subunit expression is normal, but some non-NMDA glutamate receptor subunits are not expressed. These observations support a combinatorial role for fax-1 and unc-42 in specifying AVA and AVE identity. However, in four other neuron types, fax-1 is regulated by unc-42, and both transcriptional regulators function in the regulation of the opt-3 gene in the AVE neurons and the flp-1 and ncs-1 genes in the AVK neurons. Therefore, while fax-1 and unc-42 act in complementary parallel pathways in some cells, they function in overlapping or linear pathways in other cellular contexts, suggesting that combinatorial relationships among transcriptional regulators are complex and cannot be generalized from one neuron type to another.

  16. Provisional English Translation by the IAEA of Notification Faxes Sent by the Fukushima Daiichi NPP Site Superintendent to Off-Site Officials on 11 March 2011. Annex I of Technical Volume 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex contains a provisional English translation of the faxes sent by the Fukushima Daiichi NPP Site Superintendent to METI, the Governor of Fukushima Prefecture and the Mayors of Okuma and Futaba on 11 March 2011

  17. HIN4/397: Designing the Web- and Fax-based Consultancy and Information Service "EcgConsult" for Clinicians Dealing with ECG Diagnostics and Rhythmologic Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsner, C; Hindricks, G; Kottkamp, H

    1999-01-01

    Introduction Modern strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac arhythmias include besides non-invasive methods an increasing variety of invasive and curative therapeutic strategies. In order to define proper rhythmologic diagnosis and to develop an optimal treatment strategy for individual patients, a high degree of rhythmologic expertise is necessary. Adequate platforms for information exchange, where physicians can meet rhythmologic experts to allow proper handling of individual rhythmologic problems are desirable. Thus, the Heart Center Leipzig develops the Web- and Fax-based consultancy and information service "EcgConsult". Methods The service utilizes the network capabilities of the Internet and of the common telecommunication network. This way information input can be achieved either by using a browser/email-client or by using a fax machine. All input from both networks is collected on a centralised mail-server (SSL-POP3 protocol). User interaction on the Web site is achieved with dynamic HTML and a moderated List-Server. The List-Server and an additional discussion area on the Web site are moderated by the Consultants at the Heart Center Leipzig, adequate processing of the site-content and technical management of the site have been outsourced to the university Internet workgroup Elchsoft/Medkonsult. Results A prototype of the site and the communication architecture for fax/email have been established and successfully beta-tested. Any consulting physician can easily send ECGs and additional material to the server with any fax-machine, where they are automatically TIFF-file converted. A password-protected site is already in use with selected clinicians (http://www.ecgconsult.de). For mobile site management, a web-based Control-Center has been designed. Outlines of contract models for members, guidelines for security purposes of the web-based communication, a business/cost plan and models for the logistic request management as well as for member

  18. Politeness Strategies in Collaborative E-Mail Exchanges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinagre, Margarita

    2008-01-01

    Computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL) has been the subject of a wide range of studies over the last twenty years. Previous research suggests that CSCL exchanges can facilitate group-based learning and knowledge construction among learners who are in different geographical locations [Littleton, K. & Whitelock, D. (2004). "Guiding the…

  19. Archiving Writers' Work in the Age of E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolowich, Steve

    2009-01-01

    The job of literary archivist is changing as paper manuscripts yield to laptops, Blackberry's, and Facebook content, and digital preservation lets scholars learn more about authors' creative process than ever before. Personal computers and external storage devices have been around for more than a quarter-century, but only now, as the famous…

  20. Clasificarea distribuita a mesajelor de e-mail

    CERN Document Server

    Pop, Florin; Trauşan-Matu, Ştefan

    2011-01-01

    A basic component in Internet applications is the electronic mail and its various implications. The paper proposes a mechanism for automatically classifying emails and create dynamic groups that belong to these messages. Proposed mechanisms will be based on natural language processing techniques and will be designed to facilitate human-machine interaction in this direction.

  1. E-mail security: new restriction on attachments

    CERN Multimedia

    The Mail Team

    2006-01-01

    In order to further protect CERN mail users against viruses that spread using malicious files, from 1st March onwards dangerous file types already forbidden as mail attachments will also be forbidden as contents of an archive attachment (.zip and .rar compressed files). More details, including a list of blocked file types, can be found at http://cern.ch/mmmservices/Help/?kbid=171010 The Mail Team

  2. E-mail security: new restriction on attachments

    CERN Multimedia

    The Mail Team

    2006-01-01

    In order to further protect CERN mail users against viruses that spread using malicious files, from 1st March onwards dangerous file types already forbidden as mail attachments will also be forbidden as contents of an archive attachment (.zip and .rar compressed files). More details, including a list of blocked file types, can be found at http://cern.ch/mmmservices/Help/?kbid=171010. The Mail Team

  3. E-Mail Server and Traffic Control Management in 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cosmin Catalin Olteanu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Emails represents one of the most used communication system in world wide web for more than 15 years and “spam” messages are one of the most annoying and disturbing phenomena. All of us are aware that online marketers are trying to transmit their advertising messages to as many addresses they can. For such “unwanted” messages, adaptive systems must be assembled to review and mark what is wright and what is bad. Always these systems must adapt to consumers preferences to mark only that messages that are not in his white list. Surveys for more than 3000000 messages showed me that some criteria can be defined by start.

  4. E-Mail in Academia: Expectations, Use, and Instructional Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Meredith; Hanson-Baldauf, Dana

    2008-01-01

    The popularity of and reliance on emergent computer-mediated communication technologies such as instant messaging, blogs, and social networks have arguably widened the generation gap between faculty and traditional undergraduate students. Marc Prensky defined this generational technology divide by coining the terms "digital natives" and "digital…

  5. The Communicative Functions of Emoticons in Workplace E-Mails :-)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovholt, Karianne; Grønning, Anette; Kankaanranta, Anne

    2014-01-01

    function as contextualization cues, which serve to organize interpersonal relations in written interaction. They serve 3 communicative functions. First, when following signatures, emoticons function as markers of a positive attitude. Second, when following utterances that are intended to be interpreted...

  6. Estimation of past sea-level variations based on ground-penetrating radar mapping of beach-ridges - preliminary results from Feddet, Faxe Bay, eastern Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hede, Mikkel Ulfeldt; Nielsen, Lars; Clemmensen, Lars B;

    2011-01-01

    Estimates of past sea-level variations based on different methods and techniques have been presented in a range of studies, including interpretation of beach ridge characteristics. In Denmark, Holocene beach ridge plains have been formed during the last c. 7700 years, a period characterised by bo...... (i.e. sea-level) at the time of deposition. Combining the variations in height of the downlaps (in meters above present mean sea-level) with optically stimulated luminescence dating techniques provides estimates of relative sealevel at specific times.......Estimates of past sea-level variations based on different methods and techniques have been presented in a range of studies, including interpretation of beach ridge characteristics. In Denmark, Holocene beach ridge plains have been formed during the last c. 7700 years, a period characterised by both...... isostatic uplift and changes in eustatic sea-level, and therefore represent an archive of past relative sea-level variations. Here, we present preliminary results from investigation of beach ridges from Feddet, a small peninsula located in Faxe Bay (Baltic Sea) in the eastern part of Denmark. Feddet has...

  7. 75 FR 23747 - Notice of Availability (NOA) of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Disposal and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... writing either at the hearing or mailed or e-mailed to: Director, BRAC Program Management Office (PMO... (2) Written comments mailed to the BRAC PMO address in this notice; or (3) Written comments faxed to the BRAC PMO fax number in this notice; or (4) Comments submitted via e-mail using the BRAC PMO...

  8. Assessments of conversion coefficients between equivalent dose and accumulated activity using pre-dose scanning images of patients subjected to radioiodine treatment and the Fax/Egs4 computational model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioiodine is a technique for treatment of thyroid cancer. In this technique, the patients are submitted to the incorporation of the radioactive substance sodium iodide (Na131I), which reacts with physiologically metastasis, thyroid tissue remains of and other organs and tissues of the human body. The locations of these reactions are known as areas of highest concentration, hipercaptured areas, hiperconcentrator areas, ''hot areas'' or organ-sources and are viewed through images of nuclear medicine scan known as pre-dose (front and rear). To obtain these images, the patient receives, orally, a quantity of 131I with low activity (±74 MBq) and is positioned in the chamber of flicker. According to the attendance of hot areas shown in the images, the doctor determines the nuclear activity to be administered in treatment. This analysis is purely qualitative. In this study, the scanning images of pre-dose were adjusted to the dimensions of FAX voxel phantom, and the hot areas correspond to internal sources of the proposed model. Algorithms were developed to generate particles (photons and electrons) in these regions of the FAX. To estimate the coefficients of conversions between equivalent dose and accumulated activity in major radiosensitive organs, FAX and algorithms source were coupled to the Monte Carlo EGS4 code (Electron Gamma Shower, version 4). With these factors is possible to estimate the equivalent doses in the radiosensitive organs and tissues of patients as long as is know the activity administered and the half-life of organic sources. (author)

  9. Assessments of conversion coefficients between equivalent dose and accumulated activity using pre-dose scanning images of patients subjected to radioiodine treatment and the Fax/Egs4 computational model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radioiodine is a technique for treatment of thyroid cancer. In this technique, the patients are submitted to the incorporation of the radioactive substance sodium iodide (Na131I), which reacts with physiologically metastasis, thyroid tissue remains of and other organs and tissues of the human body. The locations of these reactions are known as areas of highest concentration, hipercaptured areas, hiperconcentrator areas, 'hot areas' or organ-sources and are viewed through images of nuclear medicine scan known as pre-dose (front and rear). To obtain these images, the patient receives, orally, a quantity of 131I with low activity (± 74 MBq) and is positioned in the chamber of flicker. According to the attendance of hot areas shown in the images, the doctor determines the nuclear activity to be administered in treatment. This analysis is purely qualitative. In this study, the scanning images of pre-dose were adjusted to the dimensions of FAX voxel phantom, and the hot areas correspond to internal sources of the proposed model. Algorithms were developed to generate particles (photons and electrons) in these regions of the FAX. To estimate the coefficients of conversions between equivalent dose and accumulated activity in major radiosensitive organs, FAX and algorithms source were coupled to the Monte Carlo EGS4 code (Electron Gamma Shower, version 4). With these factors is possible to estimate the equivalent doses in the radiosensitive organs and tissues of patients as long as is know the activity administered and the half-life of organic sources. (author)

  10. 基于ICT中间件的电信级网络传真运营系统%A Telecom-Grade Network Fax Operation System Based on ICT Mid-Ware Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林晓勇; 糜正琨; 赵康; 张奇

    2011-01-01

    The faxing behaviors have been investigated and analyzed for conventional enterprises and individuals, A novel central-mode and telecom-level network fax operation system (FOS) is implemented for operator's valued-added service(VAS), the system is schemed by ICT (information communication technology)mid-ware technology which separate the specific upper applications from the complex lower driven devices, the varying applications can quickly be ordered by the ICT SCE (service creation environment) even for a short-time trainee, the ICT Flow solves the service flow and state scheduling, the ICT Engines drive the different devices of multi-venders in heterogeneous networks. The SIB (service independence block) are designed and classified, the GSL(general service logic) describes detailed logical relationship between SIB from the POI (point of initiation) to POR (point of return), FOS has a telecom-level redundancy deployment of load-sharing, key techniques also are interpreted including virtual fax number, online stamps and virtual print. The statistics proved it an efficient solution for the conventional and neglected fax service on a low-carbon and green earth under the summons of energy saving and emission reduction.%对传统企业和个人用户传真业务的行为进行了比较,为拓展运营商增值业务(VAS)设计了一种集中式的电信级网络传真运营系统(FOS).系统采用了将业务与设备分离的中间件技术,不同业务的定制由ICT SCE生成,业务的解析和调度ICTFIow完成,异构网络和多厂商设备的具体驱动由ICT Engine实现.ICT中间件解决了业务独立元件(SIB)的分类与通用业务逻辑(GSL)实现.设计了电信级的负荷分担的冗余保护方案,其创新点包括“虚拟传真号码”、“在线电子签章”和“虚拟打印技术”等关键技术.在当前号召“节能减排”、“绿色低碳”的社会中,FOS为传统的易忽视的传真业务提供了高效的解决方案.

  11. Virtual Racism Rears its Head: Uncovering Librarian Bias in E-mail Reference Services. A review of: Shachaf, Pnina, and Sarah Horowitz. “Are Virtual Reference Services Color Blind?” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006: 501‐20.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Furlan

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To examine whether librarians provide equitable virtual reference services to diverse user groups.Design – Unobtrusive method of defined scenarios submitted via e-mail.Setting – Twenty‐three Association of Research Libraries (ARL member libraries from across the United States. All ARL member libraries were invited to participate, with the 23 acceptances providing 19% participation.Subjects – Anonymous librarians from the 23 participating libraries’ virtual e‐mail reference services. Up to 6 librarians from each library may have been involved. Six fictitious personas were developed to represent particular ethnic or religious groups, whereby the ethnic or religious affiliation was only indicated by the name chosen for each user and the correspondinge‐mail address. Names were selected from lists of names or baby names available online: Latoya Johnson (African‐American, Rosa Manuz (Hispanic, Chang Su (Asian ‐Chinese, Mary Anderson(Caucasian/Christian, Ahmed Ibrahim (Muslim, and Moshe Cohen(Caucasian/Jewish. These personas were used to submit reference queries via e‐mail to the virtual reference services taking part in the study.Methods – Five different types of reference queries were developed for use in this study. Three were based on prior published research as they were deemed to be answerable by the majority of libraries. They included a dissertation query, a sports team query, and a population query all designed to be tailored to the target institution. The other 2 queries were developed with participating institutions’ virtual reference guidelines in mind, and were thought to not be answered by the target institutions when submitted by unaffiliated users. They consisted of a subject query on a special collection topic that asked for copies of relevant articles to be sent out, and an article query requesting that a copy of a specific article be e‐mailed to the patron. The study was conducted over a 6 week

  12. Social and Emotional Issues of Living with OI

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... need information about intimacy, sexuality, and reproduction. While dating may be delayed for some people, teens still ... or 301-947-0083 Fax: 301-947-0456 Internet: www.oif.org E-mail: bonelink@oif.org ...

  13. 75 FR 69397 - Minnkota Power Cooperative, Inc.: Notice of Availability of an Environmental Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-12

    ... Independence Ave., SW., Room 2244-S, Stop 1571, Washington, DC 20250-1571, fax: (202) 690-0649, or e-mail... Auditor......... 115 West Main, 701-794-8777 Hensler, ND 58530. Sheridan County Auditor....... 215...

  14. 75 FR 78673 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request-Study To Assess...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... also be submitted via fax to the attention of Steven Carlson at 703-305-2576 or via e-mail to Steve... childless adults without jobs, and provides additional funding to State agencies responsible...

  15. The Characteristics ofEmailLanguage onInternet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Xiao-Hui; Ma Hao-Yan

    2014-01-01

    With the popular use of computer in our life and work, the E-mail has become the important medium of people’s communication insteadof letter, fax and telephone. The E-mail language has its own unique characteristics. On one hand it tends to be oral, informal,on the other hand it resemblesthetraditional letter which has the fixed structure of discourse .By analyzing the E-mail language features we can use the communication tool correctly.

  16. 76 FR 9052 - Notice of Lodging of Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    ... Attorney General, Environment and Natural Resources Division, and either e-mailed to pubcomment-ees.enrd..., Environment and Natural Resources Division. BILLING CODE 4410-15-P ... or e-mailing a request to Tonia Fleetwood ( tonia.fleetwood@usdoj.gov ), fax number (202)...

  17. 50 CFR 679.5 - Recordkeeping and reporting (R&R).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... vessel at the time of catch delivery. If the delivery was from a buying station, leave this column blank... Fisheries Division at 907-586-7228 or faxing 907-586-7465. The forms may be completed online, printed, and... online, saved as a file, and submitted to NMFS as an attachment to an e-mail to the e-mail address...

  18. 76 FR 1346 - Airworthiness Directives; Airbus Model A300, A300-600, A310, A318, A319, A320, A321, A330-300...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... 5 61 93 44 51; e-mail account.airworth-eas@airbus.com ; Internet http://www.airbus.com . For service... 96; fax +33 5 61 93 44 51; e-mail account.airworth-eas@airbus.com ; Internet http://www.airbus.com... ; Internet http://www.airbus.com . Examining the AD Docket You may examine the AD docket on the Internet...

  19. 75 FR 63175 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Alternative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460. Fax or Hand Delivery: EPA's Public Reading Room is located in... for proper fax or hand delivery of materials, please call the Air Docket at 202-566-1742. Instructions...://www.regulations.gov or e-mail. The http://www.regulations.gov Web site is an ``anonymous...

  20. 76 FR 30437 - Indian Child Welfare Act; Designated Tribal Agents for Service of Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ..., Native Village of (formerly the Village of Afognak), Denise Malutin, ICWA Worker, 115 Mill Bay Rd Ste 201... and Andrea Jasper, ICWA Worker, P.O. Box 52127, Akiak, AK 99552; Phone: (907) 765-7112/7117; Fax: (907...) 276-2700; Fax: (907) 279- 4351; E-mail: graces@apiai.org . Village of Alakanuk, Charlene Smith,...

  1. Analysis of E-mail Marketing%E-mail营销策略运用浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李巍

    2005-01-01

    介绍了E-mail营销的概念、内容和特点,分析了实施E-mail营销所存在的优势和问题,针对性地分析应当如何获取用户的E-mail地址,并行之有效地实施E-mail营销,实现企业网络营销的成功.

  2. Spam and E-Mail Marketing%垃圾邮件与E-Mail营销

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜运庆; 白人朴; 王瑞婷

    2005-01-01

    根据中国互联网信息中心(CNNIC)最新的第15次中国互联网络发展状况报告,截止到2004年12月31日,我国的上网计算机总数已达4160万台,同上一次调查结果相比,我国的上网计算机总数半年增加了530万台,增长率为14.6%,是1997年10月第一次调查结果29.9万台的139.1倍,上网用户总人数为 9400 万,而这些用户得知新网站的主要途径有28.3%是通过电子邮件,可见E-Mail在电子营销中起着举足轻重的作用.然而,被誉为小企业宣传法宝的E-Mail营销却往往跟"垃圾邮件"形影不离,为广大网民所诟病.

  3. E-mail营销方法探讨%The E-mail Marketing Method Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李燕

    2006-01-01

    随着互联网的进一步发展和普及,E-mail营销越来越成为商家进行营销的一个重要手段,但是E-mail营销的发展现状却并不客人乐观.因此,研究E-mil营销的策略应是商家的首要选择.

  4. E-mail Rules! Organizations and Individuals Creating Ethical Excellence in Telemental-Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Dan L.; Murphy, Lawrence

    The intention of those in the helping professions is to support and heal those who seek out their professional assistance. Ethics are based on the ongoing collective development of professional experience, the natural outflow of desire to care effectively for the needs of fellow human beings. Ethics help define what is and what is not an effective…

  5. Frauds, Hoaxes, Myths, and Chain Letters: or, What's This Doing in My E-Mail Box?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebbinghouse, Carol

    1998-01-01

    Looks at the equivalent of junk mail on the Internet, including hoaxes, myths and urban legends, frauds, chain letters, and spam. Sidebars include "False Flaming of the FCC" (Barbara Quint) and a list of Web sites useful for determining the legitimacy of questionable mailings and for eliminating unwanted solicitations. (JAK)

  6. The Hispanic View of E-mail, Popup, and Banner Advertising

    OpenAIRE

    Pradeep K. Korgaonkar; Ronnie Silverblatt; Enrique P. Becerra

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, the authors broadly investigate Hispanic consumer attitudes and their sociological behaviors toward online advertising. The study documents the correlation between Hispanic attitudes, behaviors, and three types of online advertising that have an effect on cultural distinctions. Additionally, the study compares the group’s attitudes toward TV advertising vis-Ã -vis the three types of online advertising to compare the two medium’s similarities and differences. Notably, Hispanics ...

  7. Dynamic modeling of web purchase behavior and e-mailing impact by Petri net

    OpenAIRE

    BALAGUE, Christine; LEE, Janghyuk

    2004-01-01

    In this article, the authors introduce Petri nets to model the dynamics of web site visits and purchase behaviors in the case of wish list systems. They describe web site activities and their transition with probability distributions and model the sequential impact of influential factors through links that better explain web purchase behavior dynamics. The basic model, which analyzes site connections and purchases to explain visit and purchase behavior, performs better than a classical negati...

  8. Wireless Controlled Methods via Voice and Internet (e-mail for Home Automation System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A.Ramlee

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a wireless Home Automation System (HAS that mainly performed by computer. The system is designed with several control methods in order to control the target electrical appliances. This various control methods implemented to fulfill the needs of users at home even at outside. The computer application is designed in Microsoft Windows OS that integrated with speech recognition voice control by using Microsoft Speech Application Programming Interface (SAPI. The voice control method provides more convenience especially to the blind and paralyzed users at home. This system is designed to perform short distance control by using wireless Bluetooth technology and long distance control by using Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP email control method. The short distance control is considered as the control that performed inside the house. Moreover, the long distance control can be performed at everywhere by devices that installed with browser or email application, and also with the internet access. The system intended to control electrical appliances at home with relatively low cost design, user-friendly interface and ease of installation.

  9. A NOVEL GRAPH MODEL FOR E-MAIL FORENSICS: EVIDENCE ACTIVITY ANALYSIS GRAPH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sridhar Neralla

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This work puts forward a novel technique for evidence analysis that assist cyber forensics expert for analyzing cyber crime episode in an effective manner. Novelty in Evidence Activity Analysis Graph is reflection of activities involved in the cyber crime that are represented as nodes along with stylometric analysis. In this pieceof work email based cyber crime incident is considered for study and that incident is represented in Evidence Activity Analysis Graph to fix the suspect. Comparisons between various graphs that are used in cyber forensics were also discussed in this paper. This model establishes relationships between various activities that were happened in the cyber crime.

  10. E-Alerts: Environmental pollution and control (water pollution and control). E-mail newsletter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-01

    Topics of discussion include the following: Pollution by municipal wastes, agricultural wastes, industrial wastes, mine wastes, radioactive contaminants; Chemistry and analysis of pollutants; Thermal pollution; Oil pollution; Control techniques and equipment; Sewage treatment; Industrial waste water pretreatment; Hydrology and limnology; Biological and ecological effects; Waste water reuse; Laws, legislation, and regulations; Public administration; Economics; Land use.

  11. Participation Rates in a Worksite Wellness Program Using E-Mail Wellness Messages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anenson, Larry W.; Brunt, Ardith; Terbizan, Donna J.; Christensen, Bryan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine which days of the work week had the largest rate of opened e-health messages, whether detailed or basic e-health messages were more likely to be opened, if motivation influenced the rate of message opening, and if the rate of opening messages declined over time. Ninety-one city employees (52 male and 39…

  12. Changes in the e-mail policy for people without CERN affiliation

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    When affiliated with CERN, every computing account owner is entitled to have a CERN mail address (e.g. “John.Doe@cern.ch”). However, up to now, this mail address was still valid even after the end of a person's affiliation if the owner declared an external email address (e.g. “John.Doe@gmail.com”) to which all personal CERN emails (i.e. those sent to “John.Doe@cern.ch”) could be forwarded.*   As a result, to use our John Doe analogy, John could continue to write and receive emails ostensibly on behalf of CERN despite the fact that he is no longer a member of the personnel or subject to the CERN Staff Rules and Regulations and the Computing Rules. It is doubtful whether this makes sense. Therefore, in agreement with departments and LHC experiments at the last ITSRM meeting, all CERN email addresses of people whose affiliation has been terminated more than six months ago will be deactivated on 15 October 2012. For all others, incl...

  13. E-Mail Systems In Cloud Computing Environment Privacy,Trust And Security Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maha Attia

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, SMCSaaS is proposed to secure email system based on Web Service and Cloud Computing Model. The model offers end-to-end security, privacy, and non-repudiation of PKI without the associated infrastructure complexity. The Proposed Model control risks in Cloud Computing like Insecure Application Programming Interfaces, Malicious Insiders, Data Loss Shared Technology Vulnerabilities, or Leakage, Account, Service, Traffic Hijacking and Unknown Risk Profile

  14. Measuring Organizational Consciousness Through E-Mail Based Social Network Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Gloor, Peter A.; Colladon, Andrea Fronzetti

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes first experiments measuring organizational consciousness by comparing six "honest signals" of interpersonal communication within organizations with organizational metrics of performance.

  15. The Language of Business E-Mail: An Opportunity to Bridge Theory and Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio C. Gimenez

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The language of business email has attracted a great deal of attention in the last decade. Research studies on the language, style and register of business email have been published in many journals, books and other publications. However, many of these discussions have been theoretical in nature, failing to make a connection between theory and practice. It is then the task of the ESP teacher to make such a connection. This article argues that business communication lends itself well to bringing theory and practice closer together. To this end, the article first identifies relevant features which have started to emerge from main studies in the language of business email, a vital component in business communication. It then explores different possible pedagogical applications of these findings in the BE class. The article discusses the SAE (Selecting, Applying and Evaluating model which can be used to design and evaluate classroom activities. The article finally presents four activities which have been created following the main findings emerging from the research reviewed.

  16. A Game Theoretic Framework for E-Mail Detection and Forgery Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Long Chen

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In email forensic, the email detection and forgery conflict is an interdependent strategy selection process, and there exists complex dynamics between the detector and the forger, who have conflicting objectives and influence each other’s performance and decisions. This paper aims to study their dynamics from the perspective of game theory .We firstly analyze the email basic structure and header information, then discuss the email detection and forgery technologies. In this paper, we propose a Detection-Forgery Game (DFG model and make a classification of players’ strategy with the Operation Complexity (OC. In the DFG model, we regard the interactions between the detector and the forger as a two-player, non-cooperative, non-zero-sum and finite strategic game, and formulate the Nash Equilibrium. The optimal detection and forgery strategies with minimizing cost and maximizing reward will be found by using the model. Finally, we perform empirical experiments to verify the effectiveness and feasibility of the model.

  17. Fair exchange in e-commerce and certified e-mail, new scenarios and protocols

    OpenAIRE

    Draper Gil, Gerard

    2013-01-01

    We are witnessing a steady growth in the use of Internet in the electronic commerce field. This rise is promoting the migration from traditional processes and applications (paper based) to an electronic model. But the security of electronic transactions continues to pose an impediment to its implementation. Traditionally, most business transactions were conducted in person. Signing a contract required the meeting of all interested parties, the postman delivered certified mail i...

  18. Finding Relationships between Socio-Technical Aspects and Personality Traits by Mining Developer E-mails

    OpenAIRE

    Paruma-Pabón, Oscar Hernán; GONZÁLEZ, FABIO A.; Aponte, Jairo; Camargo, Jorge E.; Restrepo-Calle, Felipe

    2016-01-01

    Personality traits influence most, if not all, of the human activities, from those as natural as the way people walk, talk, dress and write to those most complex as the way they interact with others. Most importantly, personality influences the way people make decisions including, in the case of developers, the criteria they consider when selecting a software project they want to participate. Most of the works that study the influence of social, technical and human factors in software develop...

  19. Opportunities for reflection : e-mail and the web in the primary classroom

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de Bregje

    2004-01-01

    This thesis presents four design experiments in primary schools that address the following research problem: How can reflection be embedded in the learning process to improve the development of personal understanding of a domain and learning task?

  20. The Language of Business E-Mail: An Opportunity to Bridge Theory and Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Julio C. Gimenez

    2015-01-01

    The language of business email has attracted a great deal of attention in the last decade. Research studies on the language, style and register of business email have been published in many journals, books and other publications. However, many of these discussions have been theoretical in nature, failing to make a connection between theory and practice. It is then the task of the ESP teacher to make such a connection. This article argues that business communication lends itself well to bringi...

  1. A Novel Network for Mentoring Family Physicians on Mental Health Issues Using E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Jon J.; Rockman, Patricia; Gingrich, Nadine; Silveira, Jose; Salach, Lena

    2008-01-01

    Objective: Family practitioners are significant providers of mental health care and routinely report difficulty acquiring timely support in this area. The Collaborative Mental Health Care Network assembled groups of family practitioners and provided them with mental health practitioner mentors. This article addresses communication in the Network,…

  2. Teachers' Perspectives on Using E-Mail to Communicate with Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilgore, Amanda J.

    2010-01-01

    Research has shown that positive communication between parents and teachers at all grade levels is essential for student success and parent-teacher relationship formation. This positive communication practice is the key component of the parent-teacher relationship that is supported by the uncertainty reduction theory. The purpose of this study was…

  3. Mathematical Communications: Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' E-Mail Exchanges with Sixth Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tunc-Pekkan, Zelha; D'Ambrosio, Beatriz S.

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the communication between pre-service teachers and sixth grade students in a project in which email was used for communication as students learned about fractions and were supported by the pre-service teachers. Specifically, the study investigated how the pre-service teachers applied their mathematical knowledge to understand…

  4. Dear Gayle, Dear Sheryl: Using E-Mail for a Principal Mentorship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boris-Schacter, Sheryl; Vonasek, Gayle

    2009-01-01

    A little over a year ago, Sheryl, one of the authors, became a principal for the first time. Her transformation from education professor to elementary principal represented a significant and unusual career progression. Gayle, one of the authors and an elementary school principal for 11 years and a curriculum specialist and classroom teacher for…

  5. E-Mail-Based Formative Assessment: A Chronicle of Research-Inspired Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doige, Carl Anthony

    2012-01-01

    The importance of using systematic formative assessment to guide students toward meaningful learning has gained more recognition in the education community in recent years. This form of assessment is characterized by task-oriented feedback in a low-risk environment, which is believed to promote mastery goal orientation and self-regulated learning.…

  6. Email营销面临的问题%Questions E-mail Marketing Faced With

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于兆河

    2003-01-01

    随着计算机网络的快速发展,也为企业的营销增加了新的渠道,Email营销逐渐的被企业所应用,而且市场潜力巨大.但Email营销存在着很多急需解决的问题,在很大程度上制约了Email营销的发展.与传统的营销方法相比,其已逐渐开始体现出其优势,随着网络经济的发展和完善,Email营销必然发挥更大的作用.

  7. Analysis of the Use of Linguistic Politeness Strategies in An E-mail

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈厦沙

    2012-01-01

    I .Politeness in pragmatics The term "politeness" used by pragmaticis'ts is potentially misleading. It sounds as though it might be concerned with social etiquette, but it is not. Politeness in pragmatics describes the relationship between "how something is said and the addressee' s judgement as to how it should be said" (Grundy, 2000). In other words, politeness consists of strategies employed by participants in spoken and written discourse to best achieve their communicative goals in a particular context while attempting to maintain, or even enhance their relationship with the hearer or reader. To understand politeness in the .

  8. Chat, E-Mail, Web, and Chat Room Slang and Acronyms

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Family Life Medical Home Health Insurance Pediatric Specialists Family Dynamics Adoption & Foster Care Communication & Discipline Types of Families Media Work & Play ...

  9. In e-mail to students, Annan urges communication to build understanding

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Using the original computer on which the Internet was created, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today sent an electronic message to young people around the world urging them to keep communicating with each other to build bridges of understanding between cultures and societies" (1 page)

  10. Wissen, Intuition und Können in der E-Mail-Beratung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Weinhardt

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article clears the concepts of knowledge, intuition and skills in the domain of e-mailcounseling. Along a competence model of psychosocial counseling differences are analyzed between knowledge, skills and intuition under a development and structure perspective and then explained with regard to her significance for education, supervision and case work.

  11. E-Alerts: Environmental pollution and control (radiation pollution and control). E-mail newsletter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper discusses pollution of the environment by particle and electromagnetic radiation from natural and synthetic sources, including neutrons, X-rays, ultraviolet radiation, microwaves, alpha particles; Radon; Sampling and analytical techniques; Fallout; Biological and ecological effects; Laws, legislation, and regulations; Public administration; and Economics

  12. 76 FR 46853 - International Business Machines Corporation, ITD Business Unit, Division 7, E-mail and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... Employment and Training Administration International Business Machines Corporation, ITD Business Unit... States Reporting to Armonk, NY; International Business Machines Corporation, Web Strategy and Enablement..., applicable to workers of International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), ITD Business Unit, Division 7,...

  13. Some Issues Related to the Conservation for the Cultural Buildings Have Been Moved——A Case Study of Faxing Temple%已搬迁文物建筑保护中应注意的若干问题——以法兴寺为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱向东; 刘晓丽

    2012-01-01

    This paper expounds the concept of cultural buildings and plenty of cases at home and abroad.Around the conservation project of FAXING TEMPLE.The paper makes an all-round analysis of the translocated project about its authenticity,history environment,protection and utilization,management and archives material.In this paper,the method of conservation and reuse for the cultural buildings have been moved,which are widely existed,would be useful for reference of similar work.%介绍已搬迁文物建筑的概念及国内外已搬迁文物建筑的典型实例,围绕搬迁后法兴寺的保护工程展开,先从历史沿革、布局形态、价值判断方面对该文物建筑群进行简要介绍,再从真实性、历史环境、保护和利用、管理和档案资料四个方面的问题对此工程进行深入而详细的分析,并进一步提出了对于广泛意义上存在的已搬迁文物建筑保护与再利用在方法上的建议及借鉴意义。

  14. REDISAIN FAX COURT IN THE ENFORCEMENT FOR TAX LAW FRAMEWORK

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Djafar Saidi; Ruslan Hambali; Muchsin Salnia; Eka Merdekawati Djafar

    2013-01-01

    The research located at legal region of municipality of Jakarta, with considered that tax court include in ministry of finance of Indonesia republic and court of law of Indonesia republic are located in Jakarta. Tax court include in manistry of finance of Indonesia republik and court of law of Indonesia republic were expected to have relation to efforts in design the tax court in the enforcement of tax law framewark. The aim of the research are 1) to identify the position of tax court in Indo...

  15. 海外推广善用邮件营销%E-mail marketing helps overseas sales

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁芬

    2010-01-01

    @@ 低成本、高效率、容易控制都是邮件营销的优势所在.一直以来,邮件营销都是企业爱不释手的营销利器,尤其对外贸企业而言,邮件营销无疑是降低海外推广成本最行之有效的方法.虽然邮件营销的高性价比已被企业广泛认可,但是邮件的普遍应用难免会产生邮件营销的不规范行为.而这些问题应该引起外贸企业的足够重视,避害就利,学会善用邮件才是未来企业邮件营销的决胜之道.

  16. The E-mail Marketing of Publication Corporations%书业企业E-mail营销初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余世英; 傅文

    2004-01-01

    随着电子商务在书业领域的逐步推广,电子邮件在书业企业的营销策略中正发挥着越来越重要的作用.本文从E-mail营销的涵义及其特点出发,探讨了书业企业开展E-mail营销的意义及其策略.

  17. E-mail营销的症结和对策%The Countermeasure to the Problem of E-mail Marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴逸飞

    2006-01-01

    E-mail作为互联网上应用得最早、最受欢迎的服务,在营销上的应用却一直没有很大的起色.这关键在于E-mail营销市场的不成熟、垃圾邮件作祟和E-mail营销的专业化程度不高.因此,建立一个规范、理性、专业化的市场才是改变这一状况的根本出路.

  18. Analysis on Marketing Means of E-mail%电子邮件营销手段探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张福学

    2002-01-01

    在探讨如何建立电子邮件列表的基础上,分析了电子邮件营销目前所存在的困难、专业化趋势和实施过程中应注意的几个问题,最后给出了电子邮件营销效果的评价方法.

  19. 社交媒体与电子邮件礼仪%Social Media and E-mail Etiquette

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟鸣(选编)

    2012-01-01

    I don't know about you, but lately I've been hearing about some pretty serious netiquette ( net etiquette, 网络礼仪) snafus ( 混乱 ) that have been so bad that people have lost their jobs over them. Here are some ways to make sure you are putting your best foot forward.%社交媒体与电子邮件已成为职场中最常用和最重要的交流手段。合理运用社交媒体、书写电子邮件的能力。与会话、交际能力是并驾齐驱的。本文列举的“互联网礼仪”,不仅能帮你“玩转”社交媒体,更能帮你预防职场中可能会遇到的窘境。掌握基本礼仪,让优秀成为职场达人的习惯!

  20. Corresponding author: ZHAO Suoqi. Tel: (010)89733743; E-mail: scf@www.bjpeu.edu.cn.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Direct catalytic oxidative conversion of light alkanes to alcohols using molecular oxygen as an oxidant is a challenging and important synthetical goal, which might be met by transition metal porphyrin complexes that are capable of forming active metal oxo intermediates via direct reaction with O2 in the presence of a co-reductant[1]. It was found that iron complexes of halogenated porphyrins were remarkably active catalysts for the hydroxylation of light alkanes by O2 without added co-reductants in an organic solvent such as benzene

  1. Phone and e-mail counselling are effective for weight management in an overweight working population : A randomized controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wier, M.F. van; Arins, G.A.M.; Dekkers, J.C.; Hendriksen, I.J.M.; Smid, T.; Mechelen, W. van

    2009-01-01

    Background. The work setting provides an opportunity to introduce overweight (i.e., Body Mass Index 25 kg/m2) adults to a weight management programme, but new approaches are needed in this setting. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of lifestyle counselling by phone

  2. HIPAA's Role in E-Mail Communications between Doctors and Patients: Privacy, Security, and Implications of the Bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, James H.; Parrillo, Anthony V.

    2011-01-01

    The confidentiality of a patient's information has been sacred since the days of Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine. Today, however, merely taking an oath to respect a patient's privacy has been overshadowed by regulations governing how certain healthcare establishments handle an individual's health information on the web. Consequently, if a…

  3. Productivity, part 1: getting things done, using e-mail, scanners, reference managers, note-taking applications, and text expanders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lackey, Amanda E; Moshiri, Mariam; Pandey, Tarun; Lall, Chandana; Lalwani, Neeraj; Bhargava, Puneet

    2014-05-01

    In an era of declining reimbursements and tightening of the job market, today's radiologists are forced to "make do with less." With the rollout of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly called "Obamacare," radiologists will be expected not only to interpret studies but to also take on many additional roles, adding a new layer of complexity to already demanding daily duties. These changes make it more important than ever to develop a personal workflow management system incorporating some of the most potent productivity tools. In this article, the authors discuss current productivity techniques and related software with the most potential to help radiologists keep up with the ever increasing demands on their time at the work place and help us lead more balanced lives.

  4. E-mail use by the faculty members, students and staff of Saudi Arabian and Gulf states Universities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fahad Alturise

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Electronic mail systems (Email constitute one of the most important communication and business tools that people employ. Email in the workplace can help a business improve its productivity. Many organisations now rely on email to manage internal communications as well as other communication and business processes and procedures. This paper compares email use by university stakeholders (i.e. faculty members, staff and students between Saudi Arabia on one hand, and the Gulf States - Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE and Bahrain – on the other. A questionnaire that was expertreviewed and pilot-tested, was used to collect data from ten universities in Saudi Arabia and five universities in the Gulf States. Slight differences emerged in the Saudi Arabia and Gulf States universities’ stakeholders’ use of email in terms of having email, frequency of checking email, and skills in using email. The Saudi Arabian universities must improve their IT infrastructure, including the provision of suitable connection networks and formal training of staff in utilising IT resources. This study’s findings aim to advise the Saudi Arabian and Gulf States’ universities on their plans and programmes for e-learning and the consolidation of required resources.

  5. ¿QUÉ TE DICEN TUS CONTACTOS? FACTORES ASOCIADOS CON LA ACTITUD HACIA AL USO DE E-MAILS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Armando Caballero Calderón

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Es claro que la comunicación es parte inherente del desarrollo humano. Diariamente estamos en la búsqueda de satisfacer la necesidad de comunicarnos y de una mejor forma; esto nos ha impulsado a establecer en el mundo de la tecnología cada día más poderosos y veloces instrumentos en el proceso comunicativo, llegando a la configuración del ciberespacio y la sociedad en red como entornos de interacción social, económica y tecnológica, pues se produce un tipo de comunicación más dinámica, rápida y de respuesta casi inmediata, el correo electrónico. Vivimos en una sociedad parlante más que redactora, no estamos preparados para el “tsunami mensajero” que ha generado este medio. En la mayoría de las ocasiones recibimos mensajes masivos, estos buscan convencer de varias maneras a sus lectores de reenviarlos a otro grupo de personas. Chiste, reflexivos, religiosos, de suerte y superación personal, ¿Qué imagen nos formamos de una persona que nos envía muchos mensajes al día, o de la persona que nunca nos responde? Ya sea participando como remitente o destinatario, tenemos que considerar lo que queremos que ocurra a raíz del mensaje que leemos o enviamos. Los mensajes que nos envían nuestros contactos son silenciosos, el remitente o receptor es quien le da vida, porque finalmente está en estos últimos llevarlo al presente.

  6. The SWOT Analysis of E-mail Marketing%电子邮件营销SWOT分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玉山; 庄小将

    2007-01-01

    通过对电子邮件营销的SWOT分析,本文系统地阐述了电子邮件营销媒体的优势、劣势、机会和威胁.进而指出电子邮件营销媒体可与网络媒体及传统媒体相互融合、联合互动,进而实现营销沟通的全过程.

  7. Phase 1 pilot study of e-mail support for people with long term conditions using the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williamson Graham R

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Use of the Internet for people with Long Term Conditions (LTCs can have a positive effect on knowledge, social support, behavioural and clinical outcomes, yet there is concern that a 'digital divide' prevents some patients from benefitting. While some patients do not have access to the Internet, others that do may still lack expertise or the confidence to make full use of it. The aim of this pilot study was to develop an intervention and test methods for a definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT of anonymous personal online email support for patients in this latter group. Methods Recruitment success was evaluated by the number and appropriateness of participants recruited. A personalised e-health support intervention was developed. The provisional primary outcome was the extent to which the Internet affected the participants' confidence in dealing with their LTC. Primary outcome, seven process measures and two secondary outcomes measures were evaluated for completeness of data and sensitivity to detect changes. Results Thirty nine participants were recruited, 29 after personally receiving a leaflet, seven via email advertising, and three via leaflets left in waiting areas. Most participants (61% were aged over 60. The majority (21/38 rated themselves as experienced Internet users although only 5/38 had used discussion forums for their LTC. Piloting the intervention identified support needed as: (i technical help with some websites, (ii advice about issues such as anonymity, (iii help in judging information quality, (iv identification of relevant information (via 'Information Prescriptions', (v motivational support to try new sites. Attrition was fairly high: 20/39 completed follow up questionnaires. Three process measures showed ceiling effects and two had too many missing values to be useable. Conclusion E-health support is a promising way of addressing the problems faced by older generation e-health seekers. Face-to-face leaflet distribution recruited sufficient numbers but additional locations other than hospital should be tried to recruit Internet novices with LTCs. An RCT is feasible and necessary to evaluate the potential benefits of anonymous email support. Our methods could be used by other researchers studying Internet use by people with LTCs.

  8. 30th European Symposium on Clinical Pharmacy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    2001 Oct 10-13 Antwerp,BELGIUM Info: Medicongress Professional Symposium Organiser Waalpoel 28/34 B-9960 Assenede BELGIUM Phn: 32(0)9 344 3959. Fax: 32(0)9 344 4010 E-mail:ESCP2001@medicongress.com Internet:www.medicogress.com

  9. 75 FR 77847 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ..., Attention: Mr. Zach Rhein, Program Officer, Room 9408A; 1201 New York Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20525. (2...) By fax to: (202) 606-3475, Attention: Mr. Zach Rhein, Program Officer. (4) Electronically through www...: Zach Rhein by e-mail at zrhein@cns.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Corporation is...

  10. 75 FR 53280 - National Board for Education Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-31

    ... CONTACT: Norma Garza, Executive Director, National Board for Education Sciences, 555 New Jersey Ave., NW., Room 602K, Washington, DC 20208; phone: (202) 219-2195; fax: (202) 219-1466; e-mail: Norma.Garza@ed.gov... alternative format) should notify Norma Garza no later than September 20. We will attempt to meet requests...

  11. 75 FR 13265 - National Board for Education Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    .... ADDRESSES: 80 F Street, NW., Room 100, Washington, DC 20208. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Norma Garza..., DC 20208; phone: (202) 219-2195; fax: (202) 219- 1466; e-mail: Norma.Garza@ed.gov . Individuals who...:30 p.m. A final agenda will be available from Norma Garza (see contact information above) on March...

  12. 76 FR 14656 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Comment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-17

    ... according to the procedures prescribed in 5 CFR 1320.12. On October 26, 2010 (75 FR 65625), EPA sought..., 725 17th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20503. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Norma Abdul-Malik, Office... 20460; telephone number: 703-308-8753; fax number: 703-308-8617; e-mail address:...

  13. 76 FR 38449 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Request and Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... Management and Budget (OMB) in compliance with Public Law 104-13, the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995... Management and Budget, Attn: Desk Officer for SSA, Fax: 202-395-6974, E-mail address: OIRA_Submission@omb.eop... -- -- 139,763 2. Authorization to Obtain Earnings Data From the Social Security...

  14. 76 FR 65315 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Request and Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-20

    ... Management and Budget (OMB) in compliance with Public Law (Pub. L.) 104-13, the Paperwork Reduction Act of...), Office of Management and Budget, Attn: Desk Officer for SSA. Fax: 202-395-6974. E-mail address: OIRA... SSDI benefit if they have earnings and/or work activity above the threshold of substantial...

  15. 75 FR 22159 - Major Portion Prices and Due Date for Additional Royalty Payments on Indian Gas Production in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: John Barder, Manager, Team B, Western Audit and Compliance, Minerals Revenue Management..., Western Audit and Compliance, Minerals Revenue Management; telephone (303) 231-3741; fax (303) 231-3755; e-mail Michael.Curry@mms.gov . Mailing address: Minerals Management Service, Minerals Revenue...

  16. International Conference on Pathophysiology and Drug Therapy of Cardiovascular Disorders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@2001 Jan 22-26 Patiala, INDIA Info: Dr Manjeet Singh Professor of Cardiovascular Pharmacology Head, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research Punjabi University Patiala-147002 Punjab (INDIA) Phn: 91-175-282461/63, ext 6184. Fax: 91-175-283073/282881 E-mail: rnanjeet@pbi. emet. in

  17. 7th International Symposiun on Resistance Arteries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@2001 Jul 4 - 8, Muskoka Sands, Ontario, Canada Info: Secretariat 7ISRA Department of Anaesthesia (HSC-2UX) McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3Z3 Phn + 1-905-521-2100, ext 75170 Fax + 1-905-523-1224 E-mail: isra7 @ ths. mcmaster. ca Web site: www. fls. mcmaster. ca/7isra

  18. 76 FR 22130 - Wildland Fire Executive Council Meeting Schedule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... (208) 334-1550; fax (208) 334-1549; or e-mail Roy_Johnson@ios.doi.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The... Roy_Johnson@ios.doi.gov or (208) 334-1550 or 300 E. Mallard Drive, Suite 170, Boise, Idaho 83706- 6648... Shari_Shetler@ios.doi.gov no later than the third Friday of the month preceding the meeting. Those...

  19. English for Business Occasions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄协安

    2000-01-01

    It sa custom to make an arrangement before meeting business partners. The meeting maybe arranged by means of letters, faxes. e-mail or phone calls. phone calls are the most popularmeans, whereby both parties may discuss and settle the date and place of meeting.

  20. 76 FR 20006 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Sun Valley to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-11

    ... Sun Valley to Morgan 500/230kV Transmission Line Project (Formerly Called TS-5 to TS-9), Maricopa....blm.gov/az/st/en.html . E-mail: SunValley-Morgan@blm.gov . Fax: 623-580-5580. Mail: BLM, Phoenix District Office, Hassayampa Field Office, Attention: Joe Incardine/Sun Valley-Morgan Project, 21605...

  1. 76 FR 12882 - Fisheries of the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; Snapper-Grouper Fishery of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-09

    ..., Gulf of Mexico, and South Atlantic; Snapper-Grouper Fishery of the South Atlantic; Closure AGENCY..., fax: 727-824-5308, e-mail: Catherine.Bruger@noaa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The snapper-grouper fishery of the South Atlantic is managed under the Fishery Management Plan for the Snapper-...

  2. 75 FR 64720 - DOE/Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DOE...: Melea.Baker@science.doe.gov ). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Purpose of the Meeting: The purpose of this... Baker via FAX at 301-903-4846 or via e-mail ( Melea.Baker@science.doe.gov ). You must make your...

  3. 76 FR 56223 - Notice of Lodging of a Consent Decree Under the Clean Water Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-12

    ... General, Environment and Natural Resources Division, and either e-mailed to pubcomment-ees.enrd@usdoj.gov... Section, Environment and Natural Resources Division. BILLING CODE 4410-15-P ....fleetwood@usdoj.gov ), fax no. (202) 514-0097, phone confirmation number (202) 514-1547. In requesting...

  4. 75 FR 32504 - Notice of Lodging of Proposed Consent Decree With American Municipal Power, Inc. Under the Clean...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... and Natural Resources Division, and either e-mailed to pubcomment-ees.enrd@usdoj.gov or mailed to P.O..., Environment and Natural Resources Division. BILLING CODE 4410-15-P ... ), fax no. (202) 514-0097, phone confirmation number (202) 514-1547. In requesting a copy from...

  5. 75 FR 35087 - Notice of Lodging of Consent Decree Under the Clean Water Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... addressed to the Assistant Attorney General, Environment and Natural Resources Division, and either e-mailed..., Environmental Enforcement Section, Environment and Natural Resources Division. BILLING CODE 4410-15-P ... ( tonia.fleetwood@usdoj.gov ), fax no. (202) 514-0097, phone confirmation number (202) 514-1547....

  6. 76 FR 43346 - Notice of Lodging of Consent Decree Under the Clean Air Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... the Assistant Attorney General, Environmental and Natural Resources Division, and either e-mailed to... Section, Environment and Natural Resources Division. BILLING CODE 4410-15-P ... ), fax no. (202) 514-0097, phone confirmation number (202) 514-1547. In requesting a copy from...

  7. 76 FR 57763 - Notice of Lodging of Consent Decree Under Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-16

    ... and Natural Resources Division, Department of Justice, Washington, DC 20530, and either e-mailed to... Enforcement Section, Environment and Natural Resources Division. BILLING CODE 4410-15-P ....fleetwood@usdoj.gov ), fax no. (202) 514-0097, phone confirmation number (202) 514-1547. In requesting...

  8. 76 FR 51398 - Notice of Proposed Partial Consent Decree Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... Attorney General, Environment and Natural Resources Division, and either e-mailed to pubcomment-ees.enrd... Natural Resources Division. BILLING CODE 4410-15-P ... request to Tonia Fleetwood ( tonia.fleetwood@usdoj.gov ), fax number (202) 514-0097, phone...

  9. 75 FR 68852 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-09

    ... fax number, home address, home e-mail address; Information about the personnel member's skills..., applicable to all DOT Privacy Act systems of records, are published in the Federal Register at 65 FR 19476... to job function. Personnel may be allowed access to their own entries, to edit or update them....

  10. 76 FR 11248 - Secretary's Advisory Committee on Human Research Protections; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ...: Jerry Menikoff, M.D., J.D., Director, Office for Human Research Protections, or Julia Gorey, J.D..., Rockville, Maryland 20852; 240-453-6900, fax: 240-453-6909; e-mail address: Julia.Gorey@hhs.gov... as sign language interpretation or other reasonable accommodations, should notify the...

  11. 75 FR 67059 - Public Hearings for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Medium...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: If you would like to present oral testimony at a public hearing, please contact Julia Mac... 48105; telephone number: (734) 214-4131; fax number: (734) 214-4050; e-mail address: macallister.julia... numbers, and whether you require accommodations such as a sign language interpreter. Questions...

  12. 75 FR 37813 - Secretary's Advisory Committee on Human Research Protections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-30

    ..., Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP), or Julia Gorey, J.D., Executive Director, SACHRP; U.S...-8141; fax: 240-453-6909; e-mail address: Julia.Gorey@hhs.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the... as sign language interpretation or other reasonable accommodations, should notify the...

  13. 76 FR 38843 - Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives: 2012 Renewable Fuel Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Julia MacAllister, Office of Transportation and Air Quality, Assessment and Standards...-214-4131; Fax number: 734-214-4816; E-mail address: macallister.julia@epa.gov , or Assessment and... or disagree, suggest alternatives, and substitute language for your requested changes. Describe...

  14. 75 FR 38941 - Airworthiness Directives; Learjet Inc. Model 45 Airplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-07

    ... rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), and 3. Will..., Wichita, Kansas 67209-2942; telephone 316-946-2000; fax 316-946-2220; e-mail ac.ict@aero.bombardier.com... docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov ; or in person at the Docket Management...

  15. 75 FR 60667 - Airworthiness Directives; Learjet Inc. Model 45 Airplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979), and 3. Will..., Wichita, Kansas 67209-2942; telephone 316-946-2000; fax 316-946-2220; e-mail ac.ict@aero.bombardier.com... docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov ; or in person at the Docket Management...

  16. 76 FR 30707 - Information Collections Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the Office of Management and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-26

    ... personally identifiable information derived from a customer's relationship with a provider of... COMMISSION Information Collections Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the Office of Management and... Management and Budget, via fax at 202-395-5167 or via e-mail to Nicholas_A._Fraser@omb.eop.gov and to...

  17. 75 FR 29775 - Food Labeling Workshop; Public Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-27

    ..., AR 72704, 479-575-4221, FAX: 479-575-2165, or e-mail: seideman@uark.edu . Registration: You are... University of Arkansas.'' If you need special accommodations due to a disability, please contact Steven C... with labeling requirements, especially in light of growing concerns about obesity and food...

  18. 76 FR 12104 - Pick-Sloan Missouri Basin Program-Eastern Division-2021 Power Marketing Initiative Proposal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ... North, Billings, MT 59101- 1266. Comments may also be faxed to (406) 255-2900 or e-mailed to UGP2021..., Western Area Power Administration, 2900 4th Avenue North, Billings, MT 59101-1266, telephone (406) 255...-SMBP--ED Marketing Plan (1985 Plan) was published in the Federal Register (45 FR 71860, October...

  19. 76 FR 38048 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement; Pilot Program for Acquisition of Military...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    .... E-mail: dfars@osd.mil . Include DFARS Case 2011-D034 in the subject line of the message. Fax: 703... preceding the solicitation of sources by DoD for the procurement or transaction, any of the following for Do... least the one- year period preceding the solicitation of sources by the Department of Defense for...

  20. 76 FR 62755 - National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... CONTACT: J. Robert Burk, Executive Director or Shirley Morgan-Jordan, Program Support Coordinator...-3684; fax: (202) 720-6199; or e-mail: Robert.Burk@ars.usda.gov or Shirley.Morgan@ars.usda.gov... new members and interested incumbent members will be held from 1 p.m.-5:30 p.m. Specific topics...

  1. 76 FR 13124 - Notice of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ...-0321. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: J. Robert Burk, Executive Director or Shirley Morgan-Jordan... Board; telephone: (202) 720-3684; fax: (202) 720-6199; or e-mail: Robert.Burk@ars.usda.gov or Shirley.Morgan@ars.usda.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On Wednesday, March 30, 2011, from 8 a.m.-5 p.m.,...

  2. 75 FR 61692 - Notice of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: J. Robert Burk, Executive Director or Shirley Morgan-Jordan, Program Support Coordinator...-3684; fax: (202) 720-6199; or e-mail: Robert.Burk@ars.usda.gov or Shirley.Morgan@ars.usda.gov... place at the Hotel Palomar, 2121 P Street, NW., Washington, DC 20037. Written comments from the...

  3. 76 FR 5194 - Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge, Henry, Benton, Decatur, and Humphreys Counties, TN; Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-28

    ... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Troy Littrell; telephone: 731/642- 2091; fax: 731/644-3351; e-mail: troy... (73 FR 17994). On December 28, 1945, President Harry S. Truman signed Executive Order No. 9670... Humphreys Counties, Tennessee. The refuge is comprised of three units: the Duck River Unit (26,738...

  4. Learning across Cultures: From New York City to Rotorua.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnell, Claire; Schur, Joan Brodsky

    1999-01-01

    Describes a project in which one school in New York and another in New Zealand corresponded through video, fax, and e-mail. Explains that the project's focus was on the students learning about the Maori culture in New Zealand and the subcultures of New York and promoting cultural pride in all of the students. (CMK)

  5. LIU Chang-xiao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering Editor-in-chief of Chinese Herbal Medicines(CHM)Honorary president and director of Academic Committee of TianjinInstitute of Pharmaceutical Research,Tianjin300193,China Tel/Fax:+86-22-23006860 E-mail:liuchangxiao@163.com Professor LIU Chang-Xiao,

  6. 75 FR 82075 - Division of Federal Employees' Compensation; Proposed Extension of the Approval of Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ..., and the impact of collection requirements on respondents can be properly assessed. Currently, the... 1995 (PRA95) . This program helps to ensure that requested data can be provided in the desired format... use only one method of transmission for comments (mail, fax, or e-mail). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:...

  7. 76 FR 39904 - Division of Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation; Proposed Renewal of Existing Collection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-07

    ..., and the impact of collection requirements on respondents can be properly assessed. Currently, the... 1995 (PRA95) This program helps to ensure that requested data can be provided in the desired format... use only one method of transmission for comments (mail, fax, or E-mail). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:...

  8. 75 FR 21351 - Division of Coal Mine Workers' Compensation; Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... financial resources) is minimized, collection instruments are clearly understood, and the impact of... collections of information in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA95) . This program helps... use only one method of transmission for comments (mail, fax, or E-mail). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:...

  9. 75 FR 60141 - Division of Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Continuing Collection; Comment request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ... financial resources) is minimized, collection instruments are clearly understood, and the impact of... collections of information in accordance with the paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA95) This program helps... use only one method of transmission for comments (mail, fax, or e-mail). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION...

  10. 76 FR 18775 - Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument; Monument Management Plan, Comprehensive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... ecosystems with a biomass of top predators that exceeds the Great Barrier Reef's. At the conclusion of a 3..., Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Palmyra Atoll, and Wake Atoll. When the draft... the following methods: E-mail: Pacific_Reefs@fws.gov . Fax: (808) 792-9586. U.S. Mail: Susan...

  11. 中国毒理学会第三届全国学术会议%3rd National Conference of Chinese Society of Toxicology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    2001 Oct 17 - 19 Nanjing, CHINA Info: Senior Officer, Secretariat WANG Gong-Peng(王功鹏) Chinese Society of Toxicology 27 Tai-Ping Road, Beijing 100850 CHINA Phn 86-10-6818-3899 Fax 86-10-6818-3899 E-mail chntox @ nic. bmi. ac. cn

  12. 75 FR 71545 - Changes to NARA Facilities' Hours of Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-24

    ... Register (75 FR 54543) for a 60-day public comment period. This proposed rule changed NARA's regulations... phone number is 866-JFK-1960 or 617-514-1600 and the fax number is 617-514-1652. The e-mail address...

  13. 75 FR 80364 - Sample Income Data To Meet the Low-Income Definition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-22

    ... designation using the geo-coding software the NCUA has developed for that purpose to submit an analysis of a... an alternative to NCUA's geo-coding software, that member data drawn from loan applications or member... on Proposed Rule on Sample Data for Low-Income Designation'' in the e-mail subject line. Fax:...

  14. 76 FR 58509 - Release of Risk and Exposure Assessment Planning Document for the Review of the National Ambient...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... quantitative assessments of risk and exposure for health and/or welfare effects in this review of the national... Docket ID No. EPA-HQ- OAR-2010-0108, by one of the following methods: http://www.regulations.gov : Follow..., Research Triangle Park, NC 27711; telephone number: 919-541-3704; fax number: 919-541-5315; e-mail...

  15. 30 CFR 250.192 - What reports and statistics must I submit relating to a hurricane, earthquake, or other natural...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... submitting your statistics by fax or e-mail, you may submit them electronically in accordance with 30 CFR 250... electronically in accordance with 30 CFR 250.186(a)(3). In the report, you must: (i) Name the items damaged (e.g... relating to a hurricane, earthquake, or other natural occurrence? 250.192 Section 250.192 Mineral...

  16. 76 FR 31331 - Information Collections Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the Office of Management and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-31

    ... COMMISSION Information Collections Being Submitted for Review and Approval to the Office of Management and... Management and Budget, via fax at 202-395-5167 or via e-mail to Nicholas_A._Fraser@omb.eop.gov and to the... Order on Reconsideration is intended to prohibit price discrimination against retail devices....

  17. 75 FR 55312 - Preparation of a Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for the Growth, Realignment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... Road, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5401; fax (410) 436-1693; or e-mail at APGR-USAECNEPA@conus... and support integrated training with ground units. Land acquisition is not being considered as part of... three or more ground maneuver Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs), which allows the Army to maximize...

  18. 76 FR 44087 - Agency Information Collection (Supplement to VA Forms 21-526, 21-534, and 21-535 (For Philippine...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... collection of information through http://www.Regulations.gov or to VA's OMB Desk Officer, OMB Human Resources..., NW., Washington, DC 20420, (202) 461-7485, fax (202) 461-0966 or e-mail denise.mclamb@va.gov . Please... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Supplement to VA Forms 21-526, 21- 534, and 21-535 (For...

  19. 75 FR 48413 - Agency Information Collection (HUD/VA Addendum to Uniform Residential Loan Application) Activity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-10

    ... information through www.Regulations.gov ; or to VA's OMB Desk Officer, OMB Human Resources and Housing Branch..., (202) 461-7485, FAX (202) 273-0443 or e-mail denise.mclamb@va.gov . Please refer to ``OMB Control No... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (HUD/VA Addendum to Uniform Residential Loan Application)...

  20. 75 FR 33898 - Agency Information Collection (VA Loan Electronic Reporting Interface (VALERI) System) Activity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-15

    ... through http://www.Regulations.gov ; or to VA's OMB Desk Officer, OMB Human Resources and Housing Branch..., (202) 461-7485, FAX (202) 273-0443 or e-mail denise.mclamb@va.gov . Please refer to ``OMB Control No... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (VA Loan Electronic Reporting Interface (VALERI) System)...

  1. “网络名片”伴你生活e时代

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田野

    2003-01-01

    As an reporter, I always need to make appointments for my interviews. Upon the first contact with the intended person to be interviewed, I am always be asked by the public relationship manager of the entity to be interviewed to fax my business card to him/her. At first, I feel worried about this because business card is small and hard that cannot be faxed and it is not proper to fax by a copy or handwriting of it. But now, I am not worried any more because I now have a“digital business card”-by e-mail I can send my personal information and interview outline to my clients' e-mail boxes. You might want to know what is 'digital business card'? As its name suggests,it is the business card on the internet, which has parted from the conventional paper and ink, and is an effective“digital medial”.

  2. The Mind Games Cybercrooks Play

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The subject line in an e-mail that hit thousands of in-boxes around the world last month reads, "lawsuit against you." In flawless legalese, the message warns recipients that they recently sent an unsolicited fax to the sender's office. Citing U.S. civil code, its prohibition on sending junk faxes, and an actual $11 million settlement by restaurant chain Hooters,the missive threatens a lawsuit over the alleged junk fax. "If you do not pay me $500 by the deadline for payment, I intend to sue you for violating the Telephone Consumer Protection Act," it reads. "If you force me to sue, I will not settle for less than $1,000." Details of the alleged lawsuit are contained in the e-mail's attached document.

  3. 图书E-mail营销期待激情飞扬%Book Marketing through E-mail in Fledgeling Stage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董明庆

    2003-01-01

    @@ 电子邮件从来都是在线营销的重要手段,但是通常只是辅助手段,而不是整个营销活动的中心.随着观念和技术的进步,这种情况将会彻底改变.事实也证明了这一点:电子邮件这一营销媒介在2002年继续升温,依然是在线广告和营销的主流.图书的营销如何更好地利用E-mail已经摆在了出版业界的面前.

  4. 浅析E-mail营销在酒店业中的应用%Shallow Analysis on the Application of E-mail Marketing in Hotel Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    窦璐

    2010-01-01

    在互联网迅速普及的形势下,E-mail营销以其成本低、简单高效等特点被越来越多的被众多企业所采用.在酒店业中正确实施E-mail营销将对降低酒店营销成本、提高营销效率、促进酒店产品的销售具有重要的战略意义.

  5. Talking about the CRM with E-mail marketing%浅谈E-mail营销中的客户关系管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武同青

    2008-01-01

    客户关系管理(CRM)是企业经营管理的重点,互联网时代如何利用网络营销进行客户关系管理是电子商务管理中的实际问题.本文从E-mail营销入手探讨了E-mail营销中的客户关系管理的策略和模式.有侧重地描述了在实际电子商务活动中进行E-mail营销与CRM的关系、常用的E-mail营销策略以及在实际运用中应当注意的问题--如何更好地发现客户、吸引客户、留住客户等.

  6. 电子商务模式与价值链理论应用%E - mail Pattern and the Application of the Theory of Value Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    壮文英; 苏勇

    2002-01-01

    @@ 1985年Michael E.Porter在其所著的一书中首次提出了价值链的概念.Porter从制造业的角度出发,把价值链看作一系列连续完成的活动,是原材料转换成一系列最终产品并不断实现价值增值的过程.后来Peter Hines把Porter的价值链扩展,重新定义为"集成物料价值的运输线",把顾客对产品的需求作为生产过程的终点,这样就将原材料和顾客均纳入价值链当中.

  7. Effect of Dialogue Journal Writing through the Use of Conventional Tools and E-Mail on Writing Anxiety in the ESL Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foroutan, Maryam; Noordin, Nooreen

    2012-01-01

    ESL/EFL Anxiety has been reported as one of the foremost factors affecting ESL learners' performance. Hence, identifying methods to assist language learners to alleviate their ESL anxiety deserve to be considered by the educators. This study compared the effect of dialogue journal writing (DJW) through two different modes of learning and teaching:…

  8. How to stop e-mail spam, spyware, malware, computer viruses, and hackers from ruining your computer or network the complete guide for your home and work

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Bruce

    2010-01-01

    It seems like everywhere you go on the Internet, there is spam, spyware, and the risk of viruses infecting your computer and ruining your online experience. In businesses alone, according to Nucleus Research Inc. spam costs more than 712 per employee each year in productivity and computing resources and the estimation on money lost by businesses due to computer viruses ranges between 100 million and 2 billion annually depending on how the total is calculated. This complete, revolutionary book has compiled all of the vital information you need to make sure that you are able to combat the risk

  9. Bericht am Feuer. Gespräche, E-Mails und Telefonate zum Werk von Christoph Ransmayr von Insa Wilke (Hg.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johanna Lenhart

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Christoph Ransmayr baut seine Bücher immer ausgehend von Gesprächen auf. Anlässlich seines 60. Geburtstags hat Insa Wilke einen Materialienband herausgegeben, den Johanna Lenhart für die MEDIENIMPULSE rezensiert hat …

  10. 安全邮件系统的电子证据作用%Electronic Evidence Can be Used As Secure E-mail System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建军; 林志刚; 田有旺

    2010-01-01

    互联网的诞生与发履是一场深刻的现代社会革命.以电子邮件为主的网络信息交流方式.已取代传统信函成为重要的通信手段.通过部署安全电子邮件系统,可以为电子邮件系统提供加密和签名功能,增强其作为电子证据的可信性.

  11. E-mail System Based on DES and RSA Encryption Algorithm%基于DES和RSA加密的邮件系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡斌

    2013-01-01

    随着网络技术的发展,电子邮件的使用越来越多,其安全性也得到越来越多的关注.论文设计的安全电子邮件系统是以对电子邮件内容加以保护的方式,即采用DES加密算法,保证邮件内容在被发送到互联网上之前被加密成为密文,并将公开密钥技术RSA用在电子邮件系统中加密DES密钥,从而有效地实现了电子邮件内容的安全性和保密性以及密钥分配问题.%With the development of network technology,the email accepts more and more usage and the email security receives more and more people's value.This article designs the security electronic mail system by performs the way to protect the email content,namely uses the DES encryption algorithm,guaranteed the mail content is encrypted before transmitted to the Internet,and uses public key technology RSA in the electronic mail system encrypts the DES key,thus effectively realized the email content security as well as the key assignment problem.

  12. The Research to E-mail's Security and its Encryption Technology%E-mail安全问题及其加密技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万九香

    2010-01-01

    针对目前E-mail面临着攻击者的非法截获、复制和篡改等安全问题的隐患.提出了一种有效地保护E-mail信息安全传递的加密技术,通过算法的实现,能较好地保证E-mail的安全性.

  13. Remote Mohitoring System Sends E-Mail via SMS%借助于SMS发送E-mail的远程监控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Maxim Dallas; Ashfaq Jnna

    2004-01-01

    本文给出借助于E-mail远程监控温度和模拟信号的简单方案。当达到一定的报警条件时,系统可发送SMS消息,然后转换为E-mail并传送到所设定的E-mail地址。

  14. Research and Design of E-mail Safety Based on CORBA Technology%基于CORBA的电子邮件安全研究与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊全会

    2012-01-01

    基于目前电子邮件安全问题,通过对CORBA技术及电子邮件的研究,把CORBA技术引入电子邮件中,在电子邮件服务器端引入CORBA拦截机制,在消息收发过程中引入CORBA通知服务的过滤机制,不仅是为了保证邮件的可靠安全,同时可以阻止垃圾邮件的发送.

  15. INFORMATION FOR CONTRIBUTORS TO PEDOSPHERE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Send manuscripts and address all editorial correspondence to the Editorial Office of PEDOSPHERE, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P. O. Box 821, Nanjing 210008, People's Republic of China. Tel.:+86-25-8688 1235, +86-25-8688 1256; Fax:+86-25-8688 1256; E-mail:pedos@issas.ac.cn, pedo@issas.ac.cn, rmdu@issas.ac.cn.

  16. DESIGNING MOTIVATING ACTIVITIES FOR BUSINESS ENGLISH CORRESPONDENCE WITH/WITHOUT THE NEW TECHNOLOGIES

    OpenAIRE

    Pop, Anisoara; Rudzinska, Ieva; Dredetianu, Mirela

    2012-01-01

    Business English correspondence (BEC) syllabus is essentially structured on the elements of a traditional writing course, students acquiring skills linked with formal letter, fax and e-mail writing, enquiries, complaints and reports, job ads and tourism leaflets as well as more indirect skills about graph interpretation, formality level and register, intercultural aspects. Traditional approaches to business correspondence (BC) teaching/learning make classes less motivating and attractive. Mor...

  17. China Fairs & Expos

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Commodity and Trade Fair Urnmqi Foreign Economic Relations and Trade Fair Date:September 1-September 5,2008 Venue:Xinjiang International Exhibition Center Sector:Exhibition of new products,new technology and new project,to negotiate on import & export trade and domestic commodity trade,etc Web:www.urmqifair.com Add:107,Xinhua South Road,Urumchi,China, 830049 Tel:86-991-2850497/2879890 Fax:86-991-2850497/2879890 E-mail:office@urumqifair.com

  18. The Expansion of Online Retailing as a Supplementary Shopping Channel for Customers

    OpenAIRE

    TANASE, George Cosmin

    2012-01-01

    In online retailing or electronic retailing (or e-retailing, electronic commerce, Internet retailing, e-commerce), retailers offer their products and services over the Internet. Merchandise is thus presented in Internet shops. Customers usually place their orders via electronic checkouts or they can use e-mail or traditional modes of communication (e.g. mail, phone and fax). While, in most cases, customers pay through traditional systems (e.g. credit card, purchasing on account), some Interne...

  19. Environmental aspects in plant protection practices of non-agricultural pesticide users : case study of communes and the ministry of public works and transport (MET) of the Walloon region (Belgium)

    OpenAIRE

    Godeaux, Denis; Schiffers, Bruno; Culot, Marc

    2008-01-01

    In order to gain a better understanding of non-agricultural pesticide use and to prepare the legislative and technical dossiers required under the Water Framework Directive, between October 2006 and March 2007, two surveys were conducted of 97 Walloon communes and 65 districts of the Walloon Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MET) (General Directorates for Motorways and Roads and for Waterway Infrastructure). The questionnaire (26 questions on six topics) was sent by e-mail or fax, wi...

  20. Impact of the plant protection practices on the operators' exposure: survey by the communes and ministry of equipment and transport (MET-RW)

    OpenAIRE

    Godeaux, Denis; Schiffers, Bruno; Culot, Marc

    2008-01-01

    In order to gain a better understanding of non-agricultural pesticide use and to prepare the legislative and technical dossiers required under the Water Framework Directive, between October 2006 and March 2007, two surveys were conducted of 97 Walloon communes and 65 districts of the Walloon Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MET) (General Directorates for Motorways and Roads and for Waterway Infrastructure). The questionnaire (26 questions on six topics) was sent by e-mail or fax, wi...

  1. It is more than personal: Development and validation of a multidimensional privacy orientation scale

    OpenAIRE

    Baruh, Lemi; Cemalcılar, Zeynep

    2014-01-01

    Running Head: MULTIDIMENSIONAL PRIVACY ORIENTATION SCALE 1 It's More than Personal: Development and Validation of a Multidimensional Privacy Orientation Scale Lemi Baruh Department of Media and Visual Arts College of Social Sciences and Humanities Koç University Turkey E-Mail: Phone: +90 212 338 1133 Fax: +90 212 338 3760 Zeynep Cemalcılar Department of Psychology College of Social Sciences and Humanities Koç University Turkey ...

  2. Surface layer temperature inversion in the Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Pankajakshan, T.; Gopalakrishna, V.V.; Muraleedharan, P.M.; Reddy, G.V.; Araligidad, N.; Shenoy, Shrikant

    evaporation rates. However, the precipitation in the Bay changes significantly betweensummerandwinter(Varkeyetal., 1996). ThephysiographicconditionsofsouthernAsiaare *Correspondingauthor.Fax:+91-832-223340. E-mail address: pankaj@csnio.ren.nic.in, pankaj..., the excessive precipitation (P) over evaporation (E) during summer is another significant source of fresh water to the Bay (Harenduprakash and Mitra, 1988; Prasad, 1997). Thus, the large river runoff and excess precipitation over evaporation during summer monsoon...

  3. Response of the Arabian Sea to global warming and associated regional climate shift

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    PrasannaKumar, S.; Roshin, R.P.; Narvekar, J.; DineshKumar, P.K.; Vivekanandan, E

    version: Marine Environmental Research: 68(5); 2009; 217-222 Response of the Arabian Sea to global warming and associated regional climate shift S. Prasanna Kumar 1* , Raj P. Roshin 1 , Jayu Narvekar 1 , P.K. Dinesh Kumar 2 and E. Vivekanandan 3...; winter temperature; wheat production; food quantity; vegetation cover. _____________________________________________________________ * Corresponding Author. S. Prasanna Kumar, Tel. +91 832 2450300; Fax +91 2450608, E-mail address: prasanna...

  4. Geochemical and isotopic signatures of surficial sediments from the western continental shelf of India: Inferring provenance, weathering, and the nature of organic matter

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kurian, S.; Nath, B.N.; Kumar, N.C.; Nair, K.K.C.

    . CHANDRAMOHANA KUMAR2 AND K.K.C. NAIR3 1National Institute of Oceanography (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), Dona Paula, Goa- 403 004, India 2Department of Chemical Oceanography, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin-682 016, India... 3National Institute of Oceanography (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), Regional Centre, Kochi - 682018, India * Corresponding author, E-mail: siby@nio.org Phone: 91-832 2450399; Fax: 91-832-2450607 ABSTRACT Bottom sediments from...

  5. Calendar of Conferences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-08-01

    8 - 18 August 1996 International Summer School on Plasma Physics and Technology La Jolla, CA, USA Contact: Mr V Stefan, Institute for Advanced Physics Studies, PO Box 2964, La Jolla, CA 92038, USA. Tel +1-619-456-5737. 26 - 30 August 1996 Joint Varenna - Lausanne International Workshop on Theory of Fusion Plasmas Villa Monastero, Varenna, Italy Contact: Centro di Cultura Villa Monastero, 1 Piazza Venini, 22050 Varenna (Lecco), Italy. Tel +39-341-831261, Fax +39-341-831281. Application and abstract deadline: 15 June 1996. 2 - 5 September 1996 EU - US Workshop on Transport in Fusion Plasmas Villa Monastero, Varenna, Italy Further information: G Gorini, ISPP, 16 Via Celoria, I-20133 Milano, Italy. Tel +39-2-2392637, Fax +39-2-2392205, E-mail ggorini@mi.infn.it. Administrative contact: Centro di Cultura Villa Monastero, 1 Piazza Venini, 22050 Varenna (Lecco), Italy. Tel +39-341-831261, Fax +39-341-831281. Application and abstract deadline: 15 June 1996. 9 - 13 September 1996 International Conference on Plasma Physics Nagoya, Japan Contact: Conference Secretariat, c/o Prof. Hiromu Momota, National Institute for Fusion Science, Nagoya 464-01, Japan. Tel +81-52-789-4260, Fax +81-52-789-1037, E-mail icpp96@nifs.ac.jp. Abstract deadline: 31 March 1996. 16 - 20 September 1996 19th Symposium on Fusion Technology Lisbon, Portugal Contact: Professor Carlos Varandas, Centro de Fusão Nuclear, 1096 Lisboa Codex, Portugal. Fax +351-1-8417819, E-mail cvarandas@cfn.ist.utl.pt. General information will be available via WWW with URL http://www.cfn.ist.utl.pt. 25 - 29 September 1996 Summer University of Plasma Physics Garching, Germany Contact: Ms Ch Stahlberg, Max-Planck-Institut für PlasmaPhysik, Boltzmannstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany. Tel +49-89-3299-2232, Fax +49-89-3299-1001. 11 - 15 November 1996 38th Annual Meeting of the Division of Plasma Physics, APS Denver, CO, USA Contact: Dr Richard Hazeltine, University of Texas, Institute for Fusion Studies, RLM 11.314, Austin, TX

  6. 78 FR 21387 - Notice of Issuance of Final Determination Concerning Printer and Fax Machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-10

    ... instrumentality for the purposes of granting waivers of certain ``Buy American'' restrictions in U.S. law or..., suitable for use in homes and small to medium-size businesses. It is composed of the following components... China except for the hard disc drive, which is produced in Malaysia. The firmware that allows access...

  7. 生殖医学国际会议讯息

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@2001年6月~2002年10月 日期会议名称地点 2001年 6月9~12日第21届美国生殖免疫学会年会美国芝加哥 通讯处:Chicago,Illinois USA J.Y.H. Kwak-Kim,MD, Dept. of Reproductive Medicine, Finch University of Health Sciences/The Chicago Medical School, North Chicago,IL 60064,USA Tel.:+ 1 847 578-8767 Fax:+ 1 847 578-8572 E-mail:kwak@ finchems. edu Website:http://www.theasri.org 6月15~19日第57届临床年会加拿大渥太华 通讯处:Ottawa Canada The Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada,780 Promenade Echo Drive, Ottawa ON KIS 5N8 Canada Tel.:+ 1 613 7304192 Fax:+ 1 613 7304314 Website:http://www.sogc.org 7月4~5日第一届结石病国际评议会法国巴黎 通讯处:France Paris Pr Saad Khoury, Clinique Urologique (Pr Richard), Hpital de la Pitié,83 bd de 1'Hpital, 75634,Paris, Cedex 13-France Tel.:+ 33 1 42177120 or 21 Fax:+ 33 1 42 177122 E-mail:consultoro@aol.com Website:http://www.urology-publications.com 7月10~13日第29届妇产科大会英国伯明翰 通讯处:Birmingham UK BCOG Secretariat,Congress House, 65 West Drive,Cheam, Sutton, Surrey SM2 7NB,UK Tel.:+ 44(0)2086610877 Fax:+ 44(0)2086619036 E-mail:info@conforg.com 8月1~3日第一届巴拉圭妇女更年期大会巴拉圭亚松森 通讯处:Asunción, Paraguay Paraguayan Society of Climaterium and Menopause Fax:+ 595 21 211 393 E-mail:sisad@ conexion.com.py

  8. Effect of vertical stability and circulation on the depth of the chlorophyll maximum in the Bay of Bengal during May-June, 1996

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Murty, V.S.N.; Gupta, G.V.M.; Sarma, V.V.; Rao, B.P.; Jyothi, D.; Shastri, P.N.M.; Supraveena, Y.

    author. Fax: 0091-832-223-340. E-mail address: vsnmurthy@csnio.ren.nic.in (V.S.N. Murty) Deep-Sea Research I 47 (2000) 859}873 E!ect of vertical stability and circulation on the depth of the chlorophyll maximum in the Bay of Bengal during May}June, 1996 V.... (1997) indicate that the water column vertical stability is a potential factor controlling the phytoplankton distribution and hence the primary production in the ocean. Banse (1987) relates the DCM to atmospheric conditions (clouds and winds...

  9. Influence of spatial competitor on the growth and regeneration of the marine sponge Cinachyrella cf. cavernosa (Porifera, demospongiae)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Singh, A.; Thakur, N.L.

    Xestospongia muta in the Florida Keys. Marine biology 155: 159-171. Moore, R. E. & P. J. Scheuer, 1971. Palytoxin: a new marine toxin from a coelenterate. Science 172: 495-498. Müller, W. E., 2006. The stem cell concept in sponges (Porifera): metazoan traits... and Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR — National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa 403 004, India *Corresponding author. Tel.: +91 832 2450623; fax: +91 832 2450607. E-mail: thakurn@nio.org (Narsinh L. Thakur) Abstract Availability...

  10. Volunteer Program for the WSIS

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    PALEXPO, GENEVA, from 4 - 13 December Are you concerned by the digital divide between the North and the South? Would you like to contribute personally to the success of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), in particular the activities of civil society? Join the team of volunteers and/or offer accommodation to an international volunteer! Contact: Charlotte (Project Coordinator WSIS) Kathy (Volunteer Coordinator) ICVolunteers PO Box 755 - CH-1211 Genève 4 Phone: +41 22 800 1436 - Fax: +41 22 800 14 37 E-mail: charlotte@icvolunteers.org kathy@icvolunteers.org For further information, please consult the website: http://www.icvolunteers.org

  11. Cell damage and recovery in cryopreserved microphytobenthic diatoms

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mitbavkar, S.; Anil, A.C.

    .cryobiol.2006.05.002 CSIR Senior Research fellowship awarded to S.M. * Corresponding author. Fax: +91 0 832 2450704. E-mail address: acanil@nio.org (A.C. Anil). –147 www.elsevier.com/locate/ycryo unication cryopreserved ic diatoms H22845 andrashekar Anil.... Mitbavkar, A.C. Anil / Cr from room temperature to a holding temperature at a known cooling rate [1,12]. Both these methods were employed in the presence and absence of a cryoprotectant. Through the use of these techniques, one can understand the role...

  12. Linkage between speciation of Cd in mangrove sediment and its bioaccumulation in total soft tissue of oyster from the west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Chakraborty, P.; Ramteke, D.; Gadi, S.D.; Bardhan, P.

    Devi Gadi2, Pratirupa Bardhan1 *1National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR), India, Dona Paula, Goa, 403004, India. Phone-91-832-2450495/688; Fax: 91-832-2450602; E-mail: pchak@nio.org 2 Carmel College of Arts, Science & Commerce for Women, Nuvem.... Acknowledgements: Authors are thankful to the Director, CSIR-NIO, Goa for his encouragement and support. DR is thankful to CSIR for providing the senior research fellowship. This work is a part of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR...

  13. Database Description - Dicty_cDB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [ Credits ] BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Contact us Dicty_cDB Datab...ase Description General information of database Database name Dicty_cDB Alternative name Dictyostelium cDNA Datab...: +81-29-853-4664 FAX: +81-29-853-6614 E-mail: Database classification Genomics Databases (non-vertebrate) -... Unicellular eukaryotes genome databases Database description Dicty_cDB is a publicly available gene information datab...yostelium discoideum, which is known as a social amoeba, and a variety of additional secondary information. This datab

  14. XIAO Pei-gen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering Editor-in-chief of Chinese Herbal Medicines(CHM)Honorary director of Institute of Medicinal Plant Development,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences,Beijing100193,China Tel/Fax:+86-10-62894462 E-mail:xiaopg@public.bta.net.cn Professor XIAO Pei-gen is the founder of the Institute of Medicinal Plant Development(IMPLAD),Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences(CAMS).He is also one of the founders and leading

  15. 会讯及出版物

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>水果和蔬菜对肥胖的预防作用——饮食、身体活动和健康The role of fruit and vegetables in the fight against obesity—diet,physical activity and health地点:比利时,布鲁塞尔时间:2007年4月17~19日Tel:+33(0)1 49 49 15 15 Fax:+33(0)1 49 49 15 01 E-mail:s.barnat@interfel.com

  16. The terrace like feature in the mid-continental slope region off Trivandrum and a plausible model for India-Madagascar juxtaposition in immediate pre-drift scenario

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Yatheesh, V.; Bhattacharya, G.C.; Mahender, K.

    , Paleogeographic reconstruction, shear zones * Corresponding author (E-mail: yatheesh@ncaor.org; Fax: +91(0) 832 ? 2520877) Yatheesh, V., Bhattacharya, G.C., and Mahender, K., 2006. The terrace like feature in the mid-continental slope region off... for this study are for the time of younger bound of anomaly 34 (i.e. anomaly 34ny). These reconstructions have been prepared using finite rotation parameters of 4 different published models (Norton and Sclater, 1979; Morgan, 1981; Besse and Courtillot, 1988...

  17. Seasonal and inter-annual variability of surface circulation in the Bay of Bengal from TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Somayajulu, Y.K.; Murty, V.S.N.; Sarma, Y.V.B.

    al., 1992, 1993). The seasonal cycle of surface circulation as understood from near- synoptic field surveys has been described by Babu *Corresponding author. Fax: +91-832-456702/703. E-mail address: yksoma@csnio.ren.nic.in (Y.K. Somayajulu). 0967..., 1997). Apart from this, we also used Reynolds’ sea-surface temperature (SST) data from NCEP and NCAR. The oceanic area between 251N–101S and 751– 1001E, covering the Bayof Bengal and the southeastern tropical Indian Ocean (Fig. 1), has been considered...

  18. Geochemical and mineralogical analysis of stone anchors from west coast of India: Provenance study using thin sections, XRF and SEM-EDS

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Tripati, S.; Mudholkar, A.V.; Vora, K.H.; Rao, B.R.; Gaur, A.S.; Sundaresh

    10, 248e263. Wachsmann, S., 1998. Seagoing Ships and Seamanship in the Bronze Age Levant. Chatham Publishing, London. Wadia, D.N., 1975. Geology of India. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co, New Delhi. Warmington, E.H., 1974. The Commerce between... km length between 8 C14 and 24 C14 N with exposures of * Corresponding author. Tel.: þ91 832 2450373; fax: þ91 832 2450602. Contents lists available Journal of Archaeolo Journal of Archaeological Science 37 (2010) 1999e2009 E-mail address: sila...

  19. 基于顾客价值的整合型E-mail营销模式研究%Research of Mode of Integrated E-mail Marketing Based on Customer Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔明; 马千里

    2010-01-01

    E-mail营销是互联网时代发展的产物,具有许多传统的营销手段不具备的优势.本文从顾客价值传递的角度出发,介绍了整合型E-mail营销的功能,构建了中小型企业整合型E-mail营销动态模型,在模型基础上分析了影响企业E-mail营销的诸多因素以及克服影响因素、提升绩效的方法,以期实现顾客价值最大化.

  20. 广州亚运会官方合作酒店的E-mail客户服务质量分析%The Quality of E-mail Customer Service among Guangzhou Asian Games Cooperative Hotels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高明捷; 熊伟

    2010-01-01

    研究了广州亚运会官方合作酒店的E-mail客户服务情况,并从酒店的星级和管理模式两个方面具体探究了可能存在的差异.研究发现,广州亚运会官方合作酒店的E-mail客户服务在回复率和回复速度上,不同星级的酒店以及大型国际连锁酒店与本土酒店之间存在显著差异,但在服务质量上无明显差异,整体处于初级水平.其次,广州亚运会官方合作酒店的E-mail客户服务水平与酒店星级节点非完全正相关.最后,先进的对客E-mail处理方式在广州亚运会接待酒店中尚未得到有效应用.

  1. An E- mail Secure Transmission Implementation Based on Diffie- Hellman Key Exchange Theory%一种基于D-H交换算法的电子邮件安全传输方式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟桂娥; 宋治平; 杨宇航

    2002-01-01

    提出一种基于ESMTP(Extended Simple Mail Transfer Protocol)和Diffie-Hellman密钥交换的电子邮件安全传输方式,通过交换扩展命令参数,实现了会话密钥的交换,并对密钥计算和缓存技术进行了改进,提高了系统的效率.

  2. Faxén relations in solids-a generalized approach to particle motion in elasticity and viscoelasticity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Andrew N

    2008-01-01

    A movable inclusion in an elastic material oscillates as a rigid body with six degrees of freedom. Displacement/rotation and force/moment tensors which express the motion of the inclusion in terms of the displacement and force at arbitrary exterior points are introduced. Using reciprocity arguments two general identities are derived relating these tensors. Applications of the identities to spherical particles provide several new results, including simple expressions for the force and moment on the particle due to plane wave excitation. PMID:18177142

  3. Look What the Fax Dragged In: A Question of Ethics in an International Start-Up Company (Teaching Ethical Issues).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vesper, Joan F.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Presents a case study for a business communication class to help instructors in stimulating class discussions dealing with ethical issues in an international environment, particularly the paying of bribes. (SR)

  4. 2001年国际学术会议预告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    ★July 16—19 Polymer Membranes Prague, Czech Republic Registration Deadline:Apr 15 (Sun),2001 Fields:applied physics, chemistry, polymer physics, surface physics Contact:Milena Srpova E-mail:sympo@imc.cas.cz Phone:+420-2-360317 Fax:+420-2-367981 Address:P.M.M. SECRETARIAT c/o Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Scineces of the Czech Republic, Heyrovskéohná, 2 162 06 Praha 6, Czech Republic ★July 22—26 Annual Meeting of AAPM Salt Lake City, UT Contact:American Association of Physicists in Medicine, One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740 E-meil:aapm@aapm.acp.org ★July 29—Aug 3 19th International Conference on Atomic Collisions in Solids Paris, France Registration Deadline: Apr 15(Sun), 2001 Fields:condensed matter, material physics, medical physics, plasma physics, solid state physics, surface physics. Contact: V.A.Esaulov E-mail:icacs19@veofl.lcam.u-psud.fr Phone:33-1 69 15 76 80 Fax:33-1 69 15 76 71 Address:Laboratoire des Collisions Atomiques et Moleculaires, bat 351, University Paris Sud, Orsay 91405, France Web:http://veofl.lcam.u-psud.fr/idc/icacs19.html August ★Aug 12—17 Phonons 2001, The Tenth International Conference on Phonon Scattering in Condensed Matter Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA Registration Deadline: Jun 01 (Fri), 2001 Field:acoustics, applied physics, condensed matter, low temperature physics, material physics, mesoscopic physics, nanotechnology, solid state physics Contact: Martin Wybourne E-mail:phonons@mac.dartmouth.edu Fax:(603)646-1446 Address:Phonons 2001 Department of Physics and Astronomy 6127 Wilder Laboratory Dartmouth College Hanover, NH 03755 USA ★Aug 27—31 19th International Conference on Amorphous and Microcrystalline Semiconductors Nice,France Registration Deadline: Jan 04(Thu),2001 Fields:semiconductors, solid state physics Contact: Bernard EQUER E-mail:bernard.equer@polytechnique.fr Phone:33 1 6933 4684 Fax:33 1 6933 3004 Address:Lab.de Physique des Interfaces et des Couches

  5. GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    1 THE JOURNAL The Journal publishes original papers in all fields of sustainable development. Papers are peer-reviewed according to the generally accepted criteria for scientific work. 2 AUTHORS' RESPONSIBILITIES Authors are responsible for the originality of the work, permission to publish and permission to reproduce any cited figures, and proofreading. 3 MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION All papers must be in English. Papers are restricted to 5000 words in length. Papers with fewer than 1500 words will be considered as Short Notes. Manuscripts must be double-spaced, on one side of the paper only and on standard sized paper (e. g. European A4 - 21 by 29.6 cm). Each paper should consist of the following sections, in order: title, abstract, key words, text, acknowledgments, references, intemet references, figure captions, figures, table captions, tables and appendices (if any), photograph captions, photographs. Pages should be numbered. Author should provide e-mail of corresponding author. Title - The title should be brief but accurately descriptive of the contents. The title should be followed by authors' names,( as they are to appear in print) and institutional affiliations. The corresponding author's e-mail address should follow (or fax- number if no e-mail is available).

  6. Europe goes to Mars - preparations are well under way

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-04-01

    meteorites on Earth, as the chances of contamination by biological specimens from Earth will be virtually eliminated. * What is the surface of Mars made of and what can its composition tell us about the history of the planet, in particular about the history of water there? OMEGA will map surface mineral composition more accurately than ever before. In particular, it will look for carbonates, which no previous mission has found, but which should be present if water was once abundant on Mars. * The thin Martian atmosphere is thought to be very oxidising - it turns the plentiful iron in the surface rocks and dust into rust, hence the planet's red colour. SPICAM will help to determine precisely how the atmosphere has this effect. Such understanding will ultimately have implications for designing space suits and life support system for visiting astronauts! * Was there an ancient ocean over the northern plains of Mars? The evidence revealed by previous missions has been ambiguous. The HRSC's contiguous 3D imaging in full colour has the best chance yet of revealing an ancient shoreline, if one exists. Over the next few months, the European Space Agency in collaboration with national organisations will be holding press conferences about Mars Express at different locations across Europe. Further information will follow as soon as it is available. In the meantime, background information and regular updates on the progress of the project are available at ESA's Mars Express website, at http://sci.esa.int/marsexpress Instrument and Principal Investigator ASPERA (Energetic Neutral Atoms Analyser) Rickard Lundin, Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna, Sweden (presently on sabbatical in Toulouse). Contact: Dr Stas Barabash (Co-PI), Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Box 812 98128, Kiruna, Sweden, tel. +46-980-79122, Fax: +46-980-79050, e-mail: stas@irf.se BEAGLE-2 (Geochemical Lander) Colin Pillinger, Open University, Milton Keynes, UK, tel. +44 1908 652119, fax.+44 1908 655910, e-mail

  7. Mobiel toegang tot Bedrijfsinformatie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buitenwerf, K.A.; Hut, D.H.; Essen, D. van

    2009-01-01

    Push e-mail is een nieuwe methode waarbij e-mail direct afgeleverd wordt bij mobiele gebruikers op een mobiele e-mail client en niet pas na het periodiek uitvragen van de e-mail server. Het grootste voordeel van het push model ten opzichte van een pull model is de snellere bezorging van e-mail bij e

  8. VENTE EXCEPTIONNELLE DE GENEVE TIERS-MONDE - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    GETM

    2002-01-01

    Mercredi 27 novembre au Foyer du CERN de 9h. à 14h. Vous pourrez acheter des paquets de 100 grammes d'ananas séchés pour 5 francs, et ainsi donner un coup de pouce à l'aide au développement. L'ananas séché est un aliment très sain, vitaminé, qui se prête à de nombreuses préparations, dont les recettes seront distribuées sur le stand. Les ananas ont été cultivés par des partenaires togolais de GETM selon des critères biologiques. Pour plus de renseignements : GETM, rue de Carouge 53, 1205 Genève, Tél. 022 329 67 68, fax 022 320 33 29 e-mail: getm@fgc.ch, site internet

  9. Papers are welcome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Acta Pharmacologica Sinica publishes monthly original researches on all life sciences, both experi mental and clinical. Reviews based primarily on the author's own research of intenational importance with 3- 10 key words are also welcome. Manuscripts in English of full-length articles from any part of the world are welcome. The article should be prepared in accordance with the "Information for authors" in Acta Pharmacol Sin 2000 Jan; 21 (1): I - Ⅷ or the "Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical jounals" in Ann Inten Med 1997 Jan 1; 126 ( 1 ): 36 - 47. For more information please visit http://www. c hinaphar. com Address: 294 Tai-yuan Road, Shanghai 200031, China E-mail aps @ mail. shcnc. ac. cn Fax 86-21-6474-2629 or 86-21-6437-0269 Phn 86-21-6474-2629 (direct) or 86-21-6431-1833, ext 200.

  10. Natural gas survey, middle east and North Africa, 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book provides an exhaustive, unrivaled and quarterly updated analysis of the gas industry in the Arab countries and Iran. In addition to the country-by-country reports, it includes a regional overview section on the objectives and priorities of the national companies: ADNOC, EGAS, NIGC, NOC, PDO, QATARGAS, RASGAS, SAUDI ARAMCO, SONATRACH, etc... It includes: 18 country reports, 51 maps illustrating gas fields and facilities, as well as 62 tables and 87 graphs, and 2420 addresses of oil and gas companies operating in the Middle East and North Africa, with contact names, e-mail, phone and fax numbers. Each country report outlines the government policy, reserves, production, field development, foreign companies involved, export schemes, domestic consumption, etc

  11. Communication is the key to success in pragmatic clinical trials in Practice-based Research Networks (PBRNs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertram, Susan; Graham, Deborah; Kurland, Marge; Pace, Wilson; Madison, Suzanne; Yawn, Barbara P

    2013-01-01

    Effective communication is the foundation of feasibility and fidelity in practice-based pragmatic research studies. Doing a study with practices spread over several states requires long-distance communication strategies, including E-mails, faxes, telephone calls, conference calls, and texting. Compared with face-to-face communication, distance communication strategies are less familiar to most study coordinators and research teams. Developing and ensuring comfort with distance communications requires additional time and use of different talents and expertise than those required for face-to-face communication. It is necessary to make sure that messages are appropriate for the medium, clearly crafted, and presented in a manner that facilitates practices receiving and understanding the information. This discussion is based on extensive experience of 2 groups who have worked collaboratively on several large, federally funded, pragmatic trials in a practice-based research network. The goal of this article is to summarize lessons learned to facilitate the work of other research teams.

  12. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Database of the orbital elements of comets (Rocher, 2007)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocher, P.

    2010-09-01

    comets.dat is an ASCII file of cometary orbital elements prepared at the "Institut de Mecanique Celeste et de Calcul des Ephemerides" (related to the Bureau des Longitudes, Paris). The research and computing needed to generate comets.dat are funded by the French Ministry of Education. The data can be freely used, provided that their origin (Bureau des longitudes) and the author (P. Rocher) are properly cited. User feed-back is encouraged. Unless otherwise specified, send comments and bug reports to: E-mail : stc@imcce.fr Fax : (33) 1 46 33 28 34 Postal mail : IMCCE - Observatoire de Paris 77 avenue Denfert Rochereau F-75014 PARIS (1 data file).

  13. Synthesis and Catalytic Activity of Cu-Incorporated MCM-41 with Spheres-within-a-Sphere Hollow Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Zhen-Hua; WANG Li-Feng; LIU Ping-Ping; SUN Bo; JIANG Da-Zhen; XIAO Feng-Shou

    2006-01-01

    Cu-incorporated ordered hexagonal mesoporous silicates (Cu-MCM-41) with spheres-within-a-sphere hollow structure have been synthesized using thermoreversible polymer hydrogel methylcellulose (MC) and cationic surfactant as co-templates, which have been characterized by scanning electron micrograph (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), ransmission electron micrograph (TEM), and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. The obtained results indicate that the morphology of Cu-incorporated MCM-41 materials is "spheres-within-a-sphere" hollow structure,which is very similar to that of the alveolus. In benzene hydroxylation with H2O2, the hollow spheres show much higher catalytic activity than particles of Cu-MCM-41.Keywords hollow sphere, MCM-41, mesoporous material, benzene hydroxylation, hydrogel, methylcellulose E-mail: fsxiao @mail.jlu.edu.cn; Tel.: 0086-431-5168590; Fax: 0086-431-5168624revised and accepted July 5, 2006.

  14. INFORMATION FOR CONTRIBUTORS TO PEDOSPHERE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Send manuscripts and address all editorial correspondence to the Editorial Office of PEDOSPHERE,Institute of Soil Science,the Chinese Academy of Sciences,P.O.Box 821,Nanjing 21008,People's Republic of China,Tel:(025)3353934;Fax:(025)3353593;E-mail:rmdu@mail.issas.ac.cn. 1 Gerneral Requirements PEDOSPHERE publishes original research findings on soil sciences which are interpreted to mean the outcome of scholarly inquiry,investigation,or experimentation having as an objective the revision of existing concepts,the development of new concepts,or the development of new or improved techniques in some phase of soil sciences.Critical reviews are also considered.The article must be written in english and should have been neither published nor submitted for publication elswhere.

  15. Summaries of FY 1995 engineering research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The individual engineering project summaries follow the program overview. The summaries are ordered alphabetically by name of institution and so the table of contents lists all the institutions at which projects were sponsored in fiscal year 1995. Each project entry begins with an institutional-departmental heading. The names of investigators are listed immediately below the title. The funding level for fiscal year 1995 appears to the right of title; it is followed by the budget activity number. These numbers categorize the projects for budgetary purposes and the categories are described in the budget number index. A separate index of Principal Investigators includes phone number, fax number and e-mail address, where available. The fiscal year in which either the project began or was renewed and the anticipated duration in years are indicated respectively by the first two and last digits of the sequence directly below the budget activity number. The summary description of the project completes the entry.

  16. CARLSON WAGONLIT TRAVEL

    CERN Multimedia

    CARLSON WAGONLIT TRAVEL

    2004-01-01

    CARLSON WAGONLIT TRAVEL would like to remind you of the entry formalities applicable to those travelling to the United States. Nationals of Switzerland and of the following countries : Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Singapore, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom, entering the United States under the Visa Waiver Program (no visa requirement), must be in possession of an machine-readable passport that is valid for at least six months after the date of the return trip. Children, including infants, must have their own passport. An entry in the parents' passport is not sufficient. For entry into the United States, an e-ticket (fax or e-mail confirmation or passenger receipt) or a return ticket to the departure point or a ticket to a subsequent onward destination (valid for 90 days) must be presented together with the green ...

  17. The Style of Business Letters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Kai

    2008-01-01

    This study explores the application of Systemic Functional Granunar (SFG) to the analysis of English Business Letters (EBL). With China's opening up to the outside, especially its entrance into WTO, international business is becoming more and more popular. Most of the transactions in international business are discussed in detail through airmail letters, telegrams, telexes, faxes or E-mails.As a world language, English is used widely in the negotiation of international businesses. Writing a piece of effective English Business Letter is of great importance. As a medium between the business partners, EBL affects the interaction and negotiation between them. This article is intended to seek the linguistic characteristics of business letters and prove that the theories of SFG can be used to analyze EBL discourse and they are actually effective.

  18. SWISSFIRMS

    CERN Document Server

    Suisse. Chamber de Commerce et de l'Industrie

    Published by the Swiss Chambers of Commerce and Industry, SWISSFIRMS is a precise, comprehensive and regularly updated databank of their member firms.SWISSFIRMS has more than 9'500 members covering all economic sectors, classified alphabetically, by and according to subcontracting capacity. Each firm is presented on its own pages which shows : - general information with address, phone and Fax numbers, e-mail, name of the executive team, number of employees, factory addresses and principal act - a precise description of the firm's activities (using the Swiss official nomenclature NOGA), products and services offered, their fields of applications and subcontracting capacity. - Separate sections on ISO-certification, specific know-how, areas of specific R&D interest or investment.

  19. Transient modulation during different polarity states of the heliosphere: Solar maximium condition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badruddin, B.

    TRANSIENT MODULATION DURING DIFFERENT POLARITY STATES OF THE HELIOSPHERE: SOLAR MAXIMUM CONDITION Badruddin Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002, India E-mail:badr_phys@rediffmail.com/Fax: +91-0571-701001 We have studied the short-term decreases in cosmic ray intensity due to transient events in the heliosphere related to mass ejections from the sun during solar maximum periods with different heliospheric magnetic field polarities. Pressure corrected hourly neutron monitor data have been used as a measure of cosmic ray intensity. Method of superposed epoch analysis has been applied. As the direction of the particle drift depends upon the polarity of the heliospheric magnetic field and sign of the particle charge, the average profile of the cosmic ray decreases, due to transient heliospheric events, is obtained separately during different polarity states of the heliosphere. Simultaneous analysis of solar wind parameters is also done. The results are compared with model predictions with/without particle drifts.

  20. A Strategem Research an Improving Fax Proportion of GDP in Heilongjiang%黑龙江省税收占GDP比重的对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡富春; 张荫旺

    2001-01-01

    The tax proportion of GDP in Heilongjiang is decreasing annually,which has affected the basic work of the government.In order to improve the tax proportion of GDP,the article analyzes the reasons of decreasing,then puts forward the suggestions,which would help to breed the tax resources,make out the tax right reasonably,regulate the sub-taxation,enforce the tax capability,spread the policy of “tax in place of fee”,develop the economy.%黑龙江省税收收入占GDP的比重偏低,已经影响到政府正常履行其基本职能。分析税收收入占GDP比重逐年下降的原因,提出了振兴经济、涵养税源、合理划分税权、规范分税制、强化税收调控职能,积极推行“费改税”,依法冶税,以提高税收占GDP比重的对策。

  1. 佳讯飞鸿AnyFax智能传真系统%JiaXunFeiHong Intellgent AnyFax System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白丽岩

    2007-01-01

    传真至今仍旧是一种尚未被管理起来的资源,AnyFax传真服务系统为企业、个人提供了一种专业解决方案.从系统功能、技术方案、软件架构、系统软件和业务软件功能特点等方面进行描述.

  2. The Research of Reliability of Trash E-mail Identifier Based on Decision Tree of Continuous Attributes%连续属性决策树所建立的垃圾邮件识别器的稳定性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王星; 谢邦昌

    2005-01-01

    Avoiding spare mial is one of the most critical problem in Internet technology, finding the most important attribute or the attribute combination to identify which email is normal and which email is spam mail, is the bottleneck of discriminate of the spam. Recent years, decision tress is popular used for excellent with good expression and capable to output rules, and then becomes the core technique in predicting spam mail. However, many famous decision trees such as CA .5 and CART is not very robust,that make the output is not stable which distrubing the construction of the identifying classification. In this paper, we studied the robust of CART algorithm, point out the robust problem when using the decision tree classifier on identifying Spam from normal email with interval attribute, then we try to using BAGGING algorithm to gain more robust model, an at the same time increase the performance of the initial models.

  3. Are ionic liquids extremophiles cell wall breakers? Esther Gutiérrez, M. Ángeles Sanromán, Ana Rodríguez, Francisco J. Deive * Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Vigo, 36310, Vigo, Spain * Corresponding author: Tel.: +34986818723; E-mail address: deive@uvigo.es

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esther Gutiérrez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The increasing interest in the development of more competitive biotechnological processes is demanding the development of new downstream strategies to maximize product recovery and foster the economic feasibility and robustness of any desired process. From a biotechnological point of view, lipase production is considered one of the three most important bioprocesses in terms of enzyme sales. During the last years, lipolytic enzymes applications have been broaden to sectors ranging from the petrochemical, pharmaceutical, food and paper to waste management industries, as a result of a close collaboration between academics and industry (Houde et al., 2004. The interest on triacylglycerol hydrolases or lipases (EC 3.1.1.3 lies in the fact that they play a crucial role in biocatalysis of a plethora of chemical reactions, such as hydrolysis, interesterification, esterification, alcoholysis, acidolysis and aminolysis. Their reputation is built largely on their distinctive features, namely, they are quite stable and active in organic solvents, they do not require cofactors, they exhibit a high degree of chemo-, enantio- and regioselectivity, and they possess a wide range of substrate specificity. These features make these enzymes trade to be a well-known billion dollar business (Jaeger and Reetz, 1998; Hasan et al., 2006. However, there are concerns related to the stability of these enzymes at the operating conditions usually employed in biocatalysis. This problem can be circumvented by using extremozymes, whose naturally developed resistance to drastic reaction conditions (like resistance to denaturalization by chemical agents and by extreme values of temperature, pH and salinity turns out to be their main appeal. One of the main limitations observed for the industrial implementation of the processes to produce this kind of enzymes lies in the high costs of downstream operations which represent more than 50-80% of the total processing cost. Surprisingly, downstream strategies are usually neglected until a later phase of process development. This is a major reason for increased processing cost and eventually the reason for process implementation failures at real scale (Datar and Rosen, 1990. In this line, one of the bottlenecks faced in this kind of biological process is placed in the recovery of the desired intracellular metabolites, which makes it necessary to apply cell lysis methods. With this purpose, conventional methods fall into two main categories: physical (agitation in the presence of glass and ceramic beads, ultrasonication, high pressure homogenization, cryogenic grinding and chemical (acid, alkali (Ulloa et al., 2012. In this sense, another chemical method that can be proposed could be the addition of ionic liquids. These are liquid salts at or close to room temperature that have posed a new inspiration for Green Chemistry. These neoteric solvents have been getting increasing attention from the scientific community and industry not only due to their green potential but also to their unique combination of properties (Earle et al., 2006; Rebelo et al., 2005; Smiglak et al., 2006; Baranyai et al., 2004; Wasserscheid and Welton, 2007. The most distinctive feature of these compounds is their negligible vapour pressure, which may reduce the air pollution with respect to the conventional volatile organic solvents. Due to this, ionic liquids have opened up new fields at the interface of many conventional disciplines such as green chemistry, electrochemistry, analytical chemistry, surface science, catalysis and nanotechnology (Plechkova and Seddon, 2008. Another appealing aspect of ionic liquids lies in their tunability, which eases the existence of a plethora of combinations cation-anion, leading to thousands of new compounds with unknown properties and environmental risks. Due to all these properties, they are already used in extant processes and their production per annum surpasses the tonne magnitude (BASF Patent, 2005; Institute Français Du Pétrole, 2001. In this work, we have exploited their structural modularity to apply them as thermophiles cell wall disruptor, hypothesizing that the variation in polarity or hydrophobicity are crucial to interact with the lipidic bilayer of the cell membranes, even up to a complete solubilization. We have bet in this study in the bacterium Thermus thermophilus HB27, whose lipolytic enzymes are mostly located intracellularly and attached to membrane. The interest of this new approach is supported by the fact that these enzymes are already being commercialized by top-companies such as Sigma-Aldrich but with very low levels of activity, as a consequence of the low levels of extracellular enzyme expression. First, flask cultures of Thermus thermophilus HB27 were cultivated for 24h at 70°C. Then, six different ionic liquids (C2MIMCl, C6MIMCl, C10MIMCl, C2MIMC2SO4, C2MIMHSO4 and C2MIM(C2H52PO4 were added to the culture medium at concentrations of 1g/L, and the effect of these molten salts pressure was analyzed by monitoring both the cell growth and the lipolytic enzyme distribution for 6 hours (from 24 to 30 h. The enzyme activity data were obtained from spectrometric measurement of the enzymatic hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl laurate (Deive et al., 2009, and allowed concluding a great lytic effect of C10MIMCl, since a drastic increase of the extracellular activity of 308% was observed, to the detriment of the intracellular and membrane bound enzyme. In parallel, the cell growth was monitored by turbidimetric measurements at 600 nm and showed 43% of decay, thus confirming the excellent lytic effect provided by the ionic liquid.

  4. A SOFTWARE AUTHORIZATION CONTROL TECHNIQUE BASED ON E-MAIL SYSTEM AND MD5 ALGORITHM%基于电子邮件系统和MD5算法的软件授权控制技术研究与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建伟; 马庆华; 石立公

    2003-01-01

    本文在分析目前已有的软件保护技术不足的基础上,阐述了一种基于网络、E-mail系统和MD5加密算法的软件保护技术.利用网络和E-mail系统的分布性、灵活性,实现对软件授权的动态控制,以达到有效地保护软件知识产权的目的.

  5. Analysis of the Questions Asked through Digital and Face-to-Face Reference Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuji, Keita; Arai, Shunsuke; Suga, Reina; Ikeuchi, Atsushi; Yoshikane, Fuyuki

    2013-01-01

    In Japan, only a few public libraries provide e-mail reference services. To help public libraries start e-mail reference services, the authors investigated reference questions received by libraries via e-mail and traditional face-to-face services. The authors found that research questions are more frequently observed among e-mail questions and…

  6. 2002年国际会议消息

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ JANUARY 23- 25, 4th International Conferencn FUSION OF EARTH DATA, Groupe Teledetection & Modelisa- tion. Sophia Antipolis. French Riviera, France. Contact: www. data-fusion. org/conf/fourth. 30-Feb l. Austin. Texas. 12th Annual Texas GIS Forum and Training Conference. Contact: Hugh Bender. TNRIS director, 1700N. Congress Ave. , Austin ,TX78711[512-463- 8337 ,fax, 512- 463- 7274 ,e -mail: hbender@tnris. state. tx. us, Web: http://www. tnris. state. tx. us/gisfestival] March 17-20, The Geospatial Information &Technology Association's (GITA) Annual Conference 25 :" Bringing IT To-gether: Charting the Course," Geospatial Information & Technology Association's (GI-TA), Tampa, FL. Contact: 303- 337- 0513, info @gita. org; http://www. gita. org. April 5-7. Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society 12th Thompson Symposium,loughborough, Eng-land Contact :The RSPSoc Office,School of Geography,University of Nottingham,Nottingham NG7 2RDTel. :+44 115 951 5435 website :www. rspsoc. org 8-11. CoLorado Springs. Colo. 18th National Space Symposium. Contact:The Space Foundation,2860 S. Circle Drive,Suite 2301,Colorado Springs, CO80906[800-691-4000,fax: 719-576-8801,e-mail: custserv@spacefoundation. org, Web: http ..//www. spacesymposium. org] 19-26. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing ASPRS-ACSM Annual Confer-enee and XXII FIG Congreess,Washington D. C, USA Contact: 5410 Grosvenor Lane,Suite 210, Bethes-da,Maryland 20814-2160,USA,Tel.: +1 301 493 0290May 14-16, The New English GIS Conference, New England Chapters of GITA and ACSM, Boxborough. MA. Contact: 802-655-7769;www. negis. org. 15-18. Enschede, The Netherlands. Sixth Seminar on GIS and Developing Countries (GISDECO2002). Contact :GISDECO 2002, International Institute for Aerospace Sur-vey and Earth Sciences. POBox 6, 7500 AA Enschede, The NetherLands [e- mail .. GISDECO2002@itc. nl, Web: http://www. geog.uu. nl/gisdeco/gisdeco. html]June 11-13, Third International Symposium on: Remote Sensing of Urban

  7. Implementing a new reporting system to improve the security and the processing of accounting information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The ARN receive the accounting reports by normal mail or by fax in papers form. This procedure has 2 main problem: a) practically there is no security of the information received. b) it is necessary retyping the reports to be introduced in the processing software, with the possibility of introducing errors. With the objective of solving these inconveniences, ARN decided that the accounting reports must be made in text files (ASCII format) and these files must be sent using the secure e-mail in order to improving its security level. In order to implement these new procedure was informed to all operator's that from May 2006 the only mean to receive the accounting reports is in the appropriate format by e-mail signed and encrypted. This obligation was distributed to the operator's in January in the Requirement RQ SV 01/06. During the ABACC/IAEA joint inspection, some accounting information (updating of inventories changes and itemized list) are requiring by the agencies in text files in format previously established to use in its auditing software with the objective to reduce as the time used as the mistakes in the auditing activities. From May of 2006 its mandatory for the operators to prepare this files and deliver them to the internationals agency inspectors. Also this obligation was distributed to the operator's in January in the Requirement RQ SV 02/06. With the objective to facilitate the redaction of the reports in the new formats and the auditing text files requiring by the agencies. a software was developed to automate the generation of the mentioned files, at the same time, diminished the quantity of errors contained in them. The software was installed in all Argentina's installation last February and a test period began with satisfactory results. To implement the secure e-mail is utilized the Certificate Authority of the National Government The test period also began in February. Finally, take into account the results of the tests period it is

  8. Analysis of timeliness of infectious disease reporting in the Netherlands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kretzschmar Mirjam EE

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Timely reporting of infectious disease cases to public health authorities is essential to effective public health response. To evaluate the timeliness of reporting to the Dutch Municipal Health Services (MHS, we used as quantitative measures the intervals between onset of symptoms and MHS notification, and between laboratory diagnosis and notification with regard to six notifiable diseases. Methods We retrieved reporting data from June 2003 to December 2008 from the Dutch national notification system for shigellosis, EHEC/STEC infection, typhoid fever, measles, meningococcal disease, and hepatitis A virus (HAV infection. For each disease, median intervals between date of onset and MHS notification were calculated and compared with the median incubation period. The median interval between date of laboratory diagnosis and MHS notification was similarly analysed. For the year 2008, we also investigated whether timeliness is improved by MHS agreements with physicians and laboratories that allow direct laboratory reporting. Finally, we investigated whether reports made by post, fax, or e-mail were more timely. Results The percentage of infectious diseases reported within one incubation period varied widely, between 0.4% for shigellosis and 90.3% for HAV infection. Not reported within two incubation periods were 97.1% of shigellosis cases, 76.2% of cases of EHEC/STEC infection, 13.3% of meningococcosis cases, 15.7% of measles cases, and 29.7% of typhoid fever cases. A substantial percentage of infectious disease cases was reported more than three days after laboratory diagnosis, varying between 12% for meningococcosis and 42% for shigellosis. MHS which had agreements with physicians and laboratories showed a significantly shorter notification time compared to MHS without such agreements. Conclusions Over the study period, many cases of the six notifiable diseases were not reported within two incubation periods, and many were

  9. A importância do Serviço de Informações sobre Agentes Teratogênicos, Bahia, Brasil, na prevenção de malformações congênitas: análise dos quatro primeiros anos de funcionamento Importance of the Teratogen Information Service in Bahia, Brazil, for prevention of congenital malformations: an initial four-year review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Betânia Toralles

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Agente teratogênico é definido como o agente físico, químico, biológico ou estado de deficiência que, durante a vida embrionária, leva a alteração na estrutura ou função do concepto. Informações sobre a conduta a ser tomada no caso de exposições a teratogênicos durante a gestação são imprescindíveis. Com essa finalidade, em 2001, foi implantado o Serviço de Informações sobre Agentes Teratogênicos da Bahia (SIAT-BA, localizado no Serviço de Genética Médica do Hospital Universitário Professor Edgard Santos da Universidade Federal da Bahia. O objetivo é descrever as características do atendimento do SIAT-BA nos seus primeiros quatro anos de funcionamento. As consultas foram realizadas através do contato via telefone, fax ou e-mail, entre março de 2001 e maio de 2005. Nesse período, o SIAT-BA recebeu 408 consultas, totalizando 1.091 motivos. A maioria das consultas foi realizada por gestantes e profissionais de saúde. Produtos para cabelo, chás e misoprostol foram os agentes mais investigados. O pequeno número de consultas (1/dia indica a necessidade de maior divulgação do serviço e da conscientização da população sobre os riscos oferecidos pelos diversos agentes.Teratogenic agents are defined as physical, chemical, or biological agents or nutrient deficiencies that lead to fetal structural or functional alterations. Information on the effects of exposure to teratogens during pregnancy is of the utmost importance. In order to achieve this goal, in 2001, the Bahia State Teratogen Information Service was created in the Medical Genetics Department at the University Hospital of the Federal University in Bahia. The current paper aimed to describe the first four years of operation in the service. From March 2001 to May 2005, the service was consulted by telephone, fax, and e-mail. During this period, 408 queries were made, for a total of 1,091 different reasons. Most queries were made by pregnant women and health

  10. Summary of Multi-location Experiments of Fax Varieties in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in 2011 -2012%2011-2012年新疆维吾尔自治区亚麻品种试验总结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    守合热提·牙地卡尔; 张正; 马红娟; 哈尼帕·哈再斯; 拉扎提

    2014-01-01

    In order to meet the development of flax industry in Xinjiang , it is very necessary to eval-uate the adaptability , resistance and high yield ability of the flax varieties either bred locally or intro-duced by multi-location experiments.4 traditional and representative regions including Yining , Zhaosu, Xinyuan and Nilka were chosen as the multi -point experiment places.The results showed that lines 2011-4 and N-22 had relative better comprehensive performances in 4 location experiments in 2011-2012.%为适应新疆亚麻生产发展的需要,有必要对我区自育和引进的优质亚麻品种,在不同生态条件、不同种植区域的适应性、抗逆性和丰产性进行鉴定。伊犁亚麻试验站在具有代表性的伊宁市、昭苏县、新源县和尼勒克县4个传统亚麻种植区进行多年多点区域试验。由2011及2012年的试验结果可看出:品系2011-4和N-22在两年四个点的综合评价较好,表现较突出。

  11. Gestational Diabetes

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home > Videos > Description | Related Videos | Most Played Videos E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter a valid e-mail address. Your information: Your recipient's information: Your ...

  12. Gestational Hypertension and Preeclampsia

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home > Videos > Description | Related Videos | Most Played Videos E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter a valid e-mail address. Your information: Your recipient's information: Your ...

  13. Cesarean Section: The Operation

    Medline Plus

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  14. Folic Acid

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  15. Time to Eat! What Will You Feed Your Baby?

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home > Baby > Feeding your baby Feeding your baby E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter a valid e-mail address. Your information: Your recipient's information: Your ...

  16. Postpartum Blues

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    Full Text Available ... Postpartum care > The postpartum blues The postpartum blues E-mail to a friend Please fill in all fields. Please enter a valid e-mail address. Your information: Your recipient's information: Your ...

  17. Labor and Delivery: At the Hospital

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  18. At Least 39 Weeks

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  19. Cesarean Section: Recovering After Surgery

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  20. Exercise during Pregnancy

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  1. Alcohol and Pregnancy

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  2. Beware of Products Promising Miracle Weight Loss

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Pin it Email Print Get Consumer Updates by E-mail Consumer Updates RSS Feed Download PDF (245 ... in a foreign language. products marketed through mass e-mails. products marketed as herbal alternatives to an ...

  3. Healthy Choices: What to Eat during Pregnancy

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  4. 75 FR 8330 - Access to Confidential Business Information by Eastern Research Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ...) 554-1404; e-mail address: TSCA-Hotline@epa.gov . For technical information contact: Scott Sherlock... number: (202) 564-8251; e-mail address: sherlock.scott@epa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I....

  5. 76 FR 43896 - Safety Zone; Kathleen Whelan Wedding Fireworks, Lake St. Clair, Grosse Pointe Farms, MI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... this temporary rule, call or e-mail LT Adrian Palomeque, Prevention Department, Sector Detroit, Coast Guard; telephone (313) 568-9523, e- mail Adrian.F.Palomeque@uscg.mil . If you have questions on...

  6. Anterior Approach Total Hip Replacement

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the benefits of the Taperloc Microplasty stem and E-poly antioxidant-infused technology during a hip replacement ... to your questions that you send in by e-mail. The e- mail button is at the ...

  7. Rapport om digitale oplysninger ved Aalborg Universitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bønsing, Sten

    Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv.......Rapport til Aalborg Universitets ledelse vedr. brug af digitale oplysninger i forbindelse med e-mailing, databaser, hjemmesider mv....

  8. Craniofacial Procedure to Treat Encephalocele and an Arachnoid Cyst

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... let me just say we have some interesting e-mails coming in already, and maybe we can ... an additional workup and then potentially coordinate over e-mail or phone or Internet with the staff ...

  9. Discovery of the gene signature for acute lung injury in patients with sepsis Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: J. A. Howrylak, UPMC Montefiore NW 628, 3459 5th Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (e-mail: howrylakj@upmc.edu).The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howrylak, Judie A.; Dolinay, Tamas; Lucht, Lorrie; Wang, Zhaoxi; Christiani, David C.; Sethi, Jigme M.; Xing, Eric P.; Donahoe, Michael P.; Choi, Augustine M. K.

    2009-01-01

    The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)/acute lung injury (ALI) was described 30 yr ago, yet making a definitive diagnosis remains difficult. The identification of biomarkers obtained from peripheral blood could provide additional noninvasive means for diagnosis. To identify gene expression profiles that may be used to classify patients with ALI, 13 patients with ALI + sepsis and 20 patients with sepsis alone were recruited from the Medical Intensive Care Unit of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, and microarrays were performed on peripheral blood samples. Several classification algorithms were used to develop a gene signature for ALI from gene expression profiles. This signature was validated in an independently obtained set of patients with ALI + sepsis (n = 8) and sepsis alone (n = 1). An eight-gene expression profile was found to be associated with ALI. Internal validation found that the gene signature was able to distinguish patients with ALI + sepsis from patients with sepsis alone with 100% accuracy, corresponding to a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 100%, a positive predictive value of 100%, and a negative predictive value of 100%. In the independently obtained external validation set, the gene signature was able to distinguish patients with ALI + sepsis from patients with sepsis alone with 88.9% accuracy. The use of classification models to develop a gene signature from gene expression profiles provides a novel and accurate approach for classifying patients with ALI. PMID:19174476

  10. Research proposal on the relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and Strategic Human Resource Management

    OpenAIRE

    Barrena-Martínez, Jesús; López-Fernández, Macarena; Romero-Fernández, Pedro Miguel

    2011-01-01

    Jesús Barrena-Martínez*, Macarena López-Fernández and Pedro M. Romero-Fernández Department of Business Management, University of Cadiz, Glorieta Carlos Cano S/N, Cádiz 11002, Spain E-mail: E-mail: E-mail: *Corresponding author

  11. General Ultrasound Imaging

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a comment, please complete the following form: Comment: E-mail: Area code: Phone no: Images × Image Gallery ... Recommend RadiologyInfo to a friend Send to (friend's e-mail address): From (your name): Your e-mail ...

  12. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Head

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a comment, please complete the following form: Comment: E-mail: Area code: Phone no: Images × Image Gallery ... Recommend RadiologyInfo to a friend Send to (friend's e-mail address): From (your name): Your e-mail ...

  13. Children's (Pediatric) Nuclear Medicine

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a comment, please complete the following form: Comment: E-mail: Area code: Phone no: Images × Image Gallery ... Recommend RadiologyInfo to a friend Send to (friend's e-mail address): From (your name): Your e-mail ...

  14. Arthrography

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a comment, please complete the following form: Comment: E-mail: Area code: Phone no: Images × Image Gallery ... Recommend RadiologyInfo to a friend Send to (friend's e-mail address): From (your name): Your e-mail ...

  15. Children's (Pediatric) Abdominal Ultrasound Imaging

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a comment, please complete the following form: Comment: E-mail: Area code: Phone no: Images × Image Gallery ... Recommend RadiologyInfo to a friend Send to (friend's e-mail address): From (your name): Your e-mail ...

  16. Children's (Pediatric) CT (Computed Tomography)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a comment, please complete the following form: Comment: E-mail: Area code: Phone no: Images × Image Gallery ... Recommend RadiologyInfo to a friend Send to (friend's e-mail address): From (your name): Your e-mail ...

  17. Computed Tomography (CT) -- Sinuses

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a comment, please complete the following form: Comment: E-mail: Area code: Phone no: Images × Image Gallery ... Recommend RadiologyInfo to a friend Send to (friend's e-mail address): From (your name): Your e-mail ...

  18. Ultrasound -- Pelvis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a comment, please complete the following form: Comment: E-mail: Area code: Phone no: Images × Image Gallery ... Recommend RadiologyInfo to a friend Send to (friend's e-mail address): From (your name): Your e-mail ...

  19. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a comment, please complete the following form: Comment: E-mail: Area code: Phone no: Images × Image Gallery ... Recommend RadiologyInfo to a friend Send to (friend's e-mail address): From (your name): Your e-mail ...

  20. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) -- Head

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... a comment, please complete the following form: Comment: E-mail: Area code: Phone no: Images × Image Gallery ... Recommend RadiologyInfo to a friend Send to (friend's e-mail address): From (your name): Your e-mail ...

  1. 75 FR 63177 - Notice of a Public Meeting: Stakeholder Meeting Concerning EPA's Long-Term Revisions to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... at (937) 427- 4148 ext. 210 or by e-mail to junie.percy@itsysteminc.com for teleconference... by calling Junie Percy of IntelliTech at (937) 427-4148 ext. 210 or by e-mail to junie.percy... ext. 210 or by e-mail to junie.percy@itsysteminc.com Please allow at least five business days prior...

  2. Mass Communication and Journalism Faculty and Their Electronic Communication with College Students: A Nationwide Examination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunner, Brigitta R.; Yates, Bradford L.; Adams, Jennifer Wood

    2008-01-01

    Nearly 700 U.S. journalism and mass communication faculty reported their perceptions of student e-mail use via a Web-based survey. This nationwide study focused on content of e-mail received by faculty and made comparisons based on faculty gender. Nearly half of the respondents reported that they occasionally receive e-mails from students before a…

  3. Total Knee Replacement for Women

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... time during the broadcast, please feel free to e-mail us questions via the e-mail seen on your screen, and I’ll ... again, I want to remind our viewers to e-mail their questions that may arise, and we’ ...

  4. Assessment of the ethical aspects of boards dentist in jequié-ba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iane Souza Nery Silva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective consisted in the evaluation of ethical violations present on the boards of dental clinics in the city of Jequié, according to CFO-Resolution 71 of 2006. Dental advertising boards were photographed, both laid down in front of the doctor's offices and clinics, and the advertising that made these. The photographs were examined by four judges, with use of a computer, whereas as must haves for the presence of the name and the registration number in the CRO and representative name of the profession of dental surgeon; optional items were the presence of areas of practice, if there is this inscription in CRO, academic qualifications, address, telephone number, fax number, e-mail address, work schedule, covenants, accreditations and the term general practitioner; and the items are price, listing offenders free services, payment arrangements, grooming of patients and artifices of advertisement to gain customers. It was found that only ads and plaques were 11,76% the must haves, 88,24% contained optional items and 11,76% were in disagreement with any item of Dental Ethics Code consideredas infringement. It can be concluded that most of the advertisements was not collected in accordance to the current legislation, since in addition to ethical violations have plates 11,76%, 88,24% lacked all items considered mandatory.

  5. Computational Analysis of Pharmacokinetic Behavior of Ampicillin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mária Ďurišová

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available orrespondence: Institute of Experimental Pharmacology and Toxicology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 841 04 Bratislava, Slovak Republic. Phone + 42-1254775928; Fax +421254775928; E-mail: maria.durisova@savba.sk 84 RESEARCH ARTICLE The objective of this study was to perform a computational analysis of the pharmacokinetic behavior of ampicillin, using data from the literature. A method based on the theory of dynamic systems was used for modeling purposes. The method used has been introduced to pharmacokinetics with the aim to contribute to the knowledge base in pharmacokinetics by including the modeling method which enables researchers to develop mathematical models of various pharmacokinetic processes in an identical way, using identical model structures. A few examples of a successful use of the modeling method considered here in pharmacokinetics can be found in full texts articles available free of charge at the website of the author, and in the example given in the this study. The modeling method employed in this study can be used to develop a mathematical model of the pharmacokinetic behavior of any drug, under the condition that the pharmacokinetic behavior of the drug under study can be at least partially approximated using linear models.

  6. CPT 2004 BRISBANE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, On behalf of the National Organizing Committee I am delighted to invite you to CPT2004 which will be hosted by the Australian Society of Clinical and Experimental Pharmacologists and Toxicologists (ASCEPT) and the Division of Clinical Pharmacology of IUPHAR. The South East Asian Western Pacific regional grouping of pharmacologists will be extensively involved. Major areas to be covered in an exciting scientific program will include drug discovery and development, the latest advances in therapeutic areas, clinical toxicology, pharmacogenomics, political and social pharmacology, education, quality use of medicines, pharmacoepidemiology and pharmacoeconomics. We will provide an outstanding social program and give your accompanying persons a personal welcome and sense of involvement. The 18th World Congress of the Intemational Society for Heart Research (ISHR) will be held at the same venue in Brisbane directly following CPT2004, and the programs will be coordinated to facilitate attendance at both meetings. Come to CPT2004 in Australia and enjoy our unique environment, and attractions that are as varied as skiing in August, Ulum (Ayers Rock) and the Great Barrier Reef. For any further enquiries, please contact: CPT2004 Secretariat, GPO Box 2609 Sydney NSW 2001 Australia Tel: +61-2-9241 1478 Fax: + 61-2-9521 3552 E-mail: reply@icmsaust. com. auIntemet: www. cpt @ icmsaust. com. au

  7. Automation as a strategic toll for service stations management; Automacao como ferramenta aliada a gestao de postos de servicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, Marcello Cyrino [GILBARCO do Brasil, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Div. de Automacao

    2004-07-01

    The use of automation systems will be approached as fundamental tool in the control of sales in the pumps as well electronic management of stock in the tanks on a consolidated and integrated way, offering reliability and total control in the administration of fuel resale, no matter if the user be a one station owner, a group of dozens stations, or oil companies in general. These systems allow the local control in the gas station as well remotely through internet access or other kind of communication interface which be Also available. We will give some examples, as the possibility of remote stock management through a communication link between the oil company and gas station, in order to setup in the system a minimum stock level in each tank, that when being reached sends an automatic alarm for the oil company and another alarm for the station operator, so that the replenishment is programmed immediately without the need of sending purchase order by fax, e mail or telephone. This process brings a huge reduction of costs in the delivery logistics as well in the operational costs, reverting directly on a growth of the gas station and dealer's profit. Through this control, is also possible the remote management of fuel leak alarms in attendance to CONAMA 273, making possible a shared control and offering higher safety for both parts involved, considering the concept of environmental co-responsibility between gas station and oil company (dealer). (author)

  8. Impact of the plant protection practices on the operators' exposure: survey by the communes and ministry of equipment and transport (MET-RW).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godeaux, D; Schiffers, B; Culot, M

    2008-01-01

    In order to gain a better understanding of non-agricultural pesticide use and to prepare the legislative and technical dossiers required under the Water Framework Directive, between October 2006 and March 2007, two surveys were conducted of 97 Walloon communes and 65 districts of the Walloon Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MET) (General Directorates for Motorways and Roads and for Waterway Infrastructure). The questionnaire (26 questions on six topics) was sent by e-mail or fax, with a response rate of 60 out of 97 communes and 33 out of 65 districts. This article describes the health-related aspects of the surveys (environmental aspects are the subject of separate article). The surveys have brought to light a number of bad practices and a growing awareness of the non-agricultural users with respect to health risks. However, bad habits, legislation infringements and a failure to follow good plant protection practice are still a problem and pose major health risks (which endanger the operator and the public). Information, awareness-raising and, especially, training of people therefore remain a priority for non-agricultural users.

  9. Environmental aspects in plant protection practices of non-agricultural pesticide users: case study of communes and the ministry of public works and transport (MET) of the Walloon Region (Belgium).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godeaux, D; Schiffers, B; Culot, M

    2008-01-01

    In order to gain a better understanding of non-agricultural pesticide use and to prepare the legislative and technical dossiers required under the Water Framework Directive, between October 2006 and March 2007, two surveys were conducted of 97 Walloon communes and 65 districts of the Walloon Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MET) (General Directorates for Motorways and Roads and for Waterway Infrastructure). The questionnaire (26 questions on six topics) was sent by e-mail or fax, with a response rate of 60 out of 97 communes and 33 out of 65 districts. This article describes the environmental aspects of the surveys (health-related aspects are the subject of separate article). The surveys have brought to light a number of good practices (including zero pesticides) and a growing awareness of environmental issues among non-agricultural users. However, bad habits, legislation infringements and a failure to follow good plant protection practice are still a problem and pose major environmental risks (in the form of water pollution from pesticides). Information, awareness-raising and training therefore remain a priority for non-agricultural users.

  10. Exploratory experimental investigations on post-tensioned structural glass beams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Louter

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Corresponding author: Dr. ir. Christian Louter, Steel Structures Laboratory (ICOM, School of Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering (ENAC, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL, GC B3 505, Station 18, Lausanne CH-1015, Switzerland. Tel.: +41 21 6932427; Fax: +41 21 6932868; E-mail: christian.louter@epfl.ch The mechanical response of post-tensioned glass beams is explored in this paper. This is done through bending experiments on post-tensioned glass beam specimens with either mechanically anchored or adhesively bonded steel tendons by which a beneficial pre-stress is inflicted on the glass beams. In addition, reference beams with identical geometry but without tendons are tested. From the results of the bending experiments it can be seen that the post-tensioned glass beams reach higher initial fracture loads than the reference glass beams. Furthermore, the post-tensioned glass beams develop a significant post-fracture reserve. From this it is concluded that post-tensioning a glass beam is a feasible concept, which provides increased initial fracture strength and enhanced post-fracture performance.

  11. Precursors to Forbush decreases in cosmic ray intensity and Space Weather predictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badruddin, B.

    PRECURSORS TO FORBUSH DECREASES IN COSMIC RAY INTENSITY AND SPACE WEATHER PREDICTIONS Badruddin Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202002, India E-mail:badr_phys@redidfmail.com/Fax: +91-0571-701001 In this paper we examine the precursors to Forbush decreases by analyzing cosmic ray intensity recorded by ground based neutron detector. The precursors to Forbush decreases are examined in association with geomagnetic storms. Precursor to Forbush decreases of smaller amplitude ( 5 %) the precursor is an intensity deficitof cosmic rays (Sloss coneT type). Simultaneous analysis of solar wind, cosmic ray and geomagnetic data shows that precursors can be distinguished in terms of weaker and stronger interplanetary shocks responsible for Forbush decreases and geomagnetic storms. These precursors to Forbush decreases are of practical interest as possible predictors of Space Weather effects on earth several hours or even days before the passage of a major interplanetary shock. Our results show that such efforts may be useful input in Space Weather predictions.

  12. Will the General Agreement on Trade in Services Necessitate Federal Involvement in Lawyer Regulation? Some Constitutional Implications of Regulating the Global Lawyer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan W. Hopkins

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available It has been over seven years since the California Supreme Court thrust the thorny issues associated with multijurisdictional legal practice onto the American Bar’s agenda with its decision in Birbrower, Montalbano, Condon & Frank, P.C. v. Superior Court of Santa Clara County. The Birbrower court held that a New York law firm, none of whose attorneys were admitted to practice law in California, committed the unauthorized practice of law by advising a California corporation in an impending California arbitration. Most troubling from a practitioner’s perspective was the court’s suggestion that an attorney might practice law “in California,” and thereby commit the unauthorized practice of law there, by “virtually” entering the state through telephone, fax, or e-mail. The Birbrower decision generated a great deal of anxiety among American lawyers and prompted the American Bar Association to create a Commission on Multijurisdictional Practice (“MJP Commission”. The MJP Commission was formed in July 2000, with a mandate to report on the state of multijurisdictional practice in the United States and to make recommendations that would facilitate that practice in the public interest.

  13. Events diary

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    From 18 January until 28 March the 2000 IEE Faraday Lecture will be touring venues in the UK, aiming to inspire and encourage students to choose a career in science and engineering. The lecture tour is being supported by communications and IT company, Marconi, and it is being presented by University College London. Interactive experiments for the audience of 14 - 16 year-olds will combine with a multimedia presentation on the theme `Time and Place in the Communications Age', exploring our ability to make precise measurements of time, place and space and how these impact on our personal and business lives. Among the curious facts from the lecture is the discovery that Cornwall rises and falls by 20 cm every time the tide moves in and out. The whole of the UK rises and falls by 50 cm every time the Moon goes by and the UK is actually 20 m shorter than was thought ten years ago, before the Global Positioning Satellite system was in operation. Attendance at the lectures is free and schools interested in booking tickets should visit the Faraday website at www.faraday.org.uk . Further details of the tour are available from the Faraday Lecture Office, Institution of Electrical Engineers, Michael Faraday House, Six Hills Way, Stevenage, Herts SG1 2AY (tel: 01438 313311, fax: 01438 742856, e-mail: faraday@iee.org.uk ). Among the `Strands' on the programme at the 2000 Edinburgh international science festival on 2 - 18 April are: visions of the future; time; the natural world; new materials; science book festival; science film festival. Festival programmes should be available soon from the festival office at 8 Lochend Road, Edinburgh EH6 8BR (tel: 0131 530 2001, fax: 0131 530 2002, e-mail: esf@scifest.demon.co.uk ). BA2000 will be one of the key features of the `creating SPARKS' festival where the sciences meet the arts in London during 6 - 30 September. Centred on South Kensington, and led by the British Association, creating SPARKS will be staged at such famous institutions

  14. A survey of patient access to electronic mail: attitudes, barriers, and opportunities.

    OpenAIRE

    Fridsma, D B; Ford, P.; Altman, R.

    1994-01-01

    The use of electronic mail (e-mail) is increasing among both physicians and patients, although there is limited information in the literature about how patients might use e-mail to communicate with their physician. In our university-based internal medicine clinic, we have studied attitudes toward and access to e-mail among patients. A survey of 444 patients in our clinic showed that 46% of patients in the clinic use e-mail, and 89% of those with e-mail use it at work. Fifty-one percent would ...

  15. The effect of reminders in a web-based intervention study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, M.; Svensson, T.; Hansen, A. W.;

    2012-01-01

    was sent. To encourage study participation, 4-5 and 11 e-mail reminders were sent at baseline and follow-up, respectively. Additional reminders (media articles, flyers, SMS etc) were also administered. Reminders (e-mails + additional) were given in low (a parts per thousand currency sign6 reminders......). About 29 % responded before any e-mail reminder, following 26 and 45 % after 1 respective a parts per thousand yen 2 e-mail reminders. Participant characteristics were not related to when the participants responded. The 4-5 e-mail reminders increased total response rate by 15 %, the eleven by 21...

  16. Local Heroes Live!

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-09-01

    , USA (fax: (1) 818 985 2466, e-mail: info@physlink.com).

  17. Venus within ESA probe reach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    Orbit Insertion - Tuesday 11 April 2006 ESA/ESOC, Robert Bosch Strasse, 5 - Darmstadt (Germany) PROGRAMME 07:30 - Doors open 08:45 - Start of local event, welcome addresses 09:10 - ESA TV live from Mission Control Room (MCR) starts 09:17 - Engine burn sequence starts 09:45 - Occultation of spacecraft by Venus starts 09:55 - Occultation ends 10:07 - Main engine burn ends 10:20 - Address by Jean-Jacques Dordain, ESA’s Director General, and other officials Break and buffet Interview opportunities 11:30-12:15 - Press Conference Jean-Jacques Dordain, Director General, ESA Prof. David Southwood, Director of Science, ESA Gaele Winters, Director of Operations and Infrastructure, ESA Manfred Warhaut, Flight Operations Director, ESA Håkan Svedhem, Venus Express Project Scientist, ESA Don McCoy, Venus Express Project Manager, ESA 13:15 - End of event at ESOC ACCREDITATION REQUEST FORM Venus Express Orbit Insertion - ESA/ESOC Darmstadt - 11 April 2006 First name:___________________ Surname:_____________________ Media:______________________________________________________ Address: ___________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ Tel:_______________________ Fax: ___________________________ Mobile :___________________ E-mail: ________________________ I will be attending the Venus Express Orbit Insertion event at the following site: [ ] Germany Location: ESA/ESOC Address: Robert Bosch Strasse 5, Darmstadt, Germany Opening hours: 07:30 - 13:00 Contact: Jocelyne Landeau-Constantin, Tel: +49.6151.902.696 - Fax: +49.6151.902.961 [ ] France Location: ESA HQ Address: 8/10, rue Mario Nikis - Paris 15, France Opening hours: 08:00 - 13:00 Contact: Anne-Marie Remondin - Tel: +33(0)1.53.69.7155 - fax: +33(0)1.53.69.7690 [ ] The Netherlands Location: Newton Room, ESA/ESTEC Address: Keplerlaan 1, Noordwijk, The Netherlands Opening hours: 08:30 - 12:30 Contact: Michel van Baal, tel. + 31 71 565 3006, fax + 31 71 565 5728 [ ] Italy

  18. DIAGNÓSTICO DO USO DA INTELIGÊNCIA COMPETITIVA EMPREENDEDORA EM PEQUENAS EMPRESAS DA INDÚSTRIA DE CONFECÇÕES DA CIDADE DE VILA VELHA – ES/DIAGNOSIS OF THE USE OF COMPETITIVE INTELLIGENCE ENTREPRENEURIAL IN SMALL BUSINESS THE CLOTHING INDUSTRY OF THE CITY OF VILA VELHA – ES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson Soncini Pelissari

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available As organizações cujas estruturas, processos e tecnologias não estão alinhados com os negócios terão dificuldades em sobreviver. A fim de se manterem, estrategistas de gestão têm se apoiado em práticas como a Inteligência Competitiva (IC – que tem como base a informação e a velocidade de seu uso para melhor alinhar o negócio às estratégias, facilitando o processo de tomada de decisão. Posto isso, objetivou-se, com esta pesquisa, analisar a prática da inteligência competitiva de pequenas empresas do Município de Vila Velha/ES e a importância da aplicabilidade da Inteligência Competitiva Empreendedora – assumindo-se que a IC contribui para o alinhamento das informações ambientais às estratégias das organizações. Para a coleta de dados, utilizou-se o levantamento (survey, em que foi aplicado um questionário com perguntas fechadas a uma amostra não probabilística intencional, aplicado diretamente pelo próprio pesquisador, por e-mail e fax. Os resultados apontaram que, apesar de os administradores pesquisadosdemonstrarem interesse em estruturar suas informações com o objetivo de tomar decisões mais rápidas e assertivas, eles não desenvolvem um processo global de Inteligência Competitiva Empreendedora, vistonão gerenciarem de modo sistemático as informações do mercado.The organizations, whose structures, processes and technologies are not aligned with the businesses, they will have difficulties in surviving. In order to maintain, management strategists have reliedon practices such as Competitive Intelligence (CI - which is based on the information and the speed of its use to better align business strategies, facilitating the process of decision making. That said, the aim with this research, analyzing the practice of competitive intelligence for small businesses in the City of Vila Velha/ES, and the importance of applicability of Competitive Intelligence Entrepreneurship - assuming that, the IC contributes to

  19. Letter from the Board of Directors of Astronomy & Astrophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meynet, Georges

    2005-07-01

    astrophysics and to have expertise in one of these two sub-fields. Candidates should have a strong record of published research in astronomy and astrophysics, should have experience as a referee and/or journal editor, and be prepared to commit the time needed to oversee the peer review of up to three hundred papers per year. Limited support for office equipment and secretarial help, as well as an annual indemnity, will be provided to the Associate Editors, and the initial term of appointment is three years. Applicants should submit a curriculum vitae, a list of publications, and a concise covering letter that summarizes the candidate's qualifications and the reasons for seeking an Associate Editor position. The likelihood of support from the home institute for the task should also be discussed in the application. Applications should preferably be e-mailed or sent/faxed to the Chairman of the Board of Directors: Dr. Georges Meynet, Geneva Observatory, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland, email georges.meynet@obs.unige.ch, Fax:+41 22 37 92205. Applications received by 1 October 2005 will receive full consideration, while informal inquiries about the positions may be directed by e-mail to Georges Meynet. On behalf of the Board of Directors Georges Meynet

  20. Looking ahead ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-07-01

    social events, including the Physics Education lecture to be given this year by Institute of Physics Publishing's Journals Director, Professor Robert Brown. Programmes for the meeting will be available in September and full details can be obtained from the Conference Office, ASE, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AA (fax: +44 (0) 1707 266532, e-mail: mbrookman@ase.org.uk).

  1. Email Mining: A Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Pranjal S. Bogawar; Kishor K. Bhoyar

    2012-01-01

    E-mail is one of the most widely used ways of written communication over the internet, and its traffic has increased exponentially with the advent of World Wide Web. The increase in email traffic comes also with an increase in the use of emails for illegitimate purpose. Phishing, Spamming, email bombing, threatening, cyber bullying, racial vilification, terrorist activities, child pornography and sexual harassment are common examples of e-mail abuses. So, there is a need for e-mail mining. Va...

  2. Laparoscopy Training in United States Obstetric and Gynecology Residency Programs

    OpenAIRE

    Stovall, Dale W.; Fernandez, Andrea S.; Cohen, Stephen A.

    2006-01-01

    Objectives: To assess laparoscopic training curriculums in US Obstetrics and Gynecology residency programs. Methods: A list of E-mail addresses was obtained for the accredited Obstetrics and Gynecology residency programs in the US from the CREOG Directory of ObstetricGynecologic Residency Programs and Directors. An E-mail survey containing 8 questions regarding laparoscopy training was sent to all residency directors with current E-mail addresses. Results: Seventy-four residency directors res...

  3. Prospects of Young Professionals in the Academic Labor Market: Global Comparison and Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Finkelstein; Kevin Iglesias; Anna Panova; Maria Yudkevich

    2014-01-01

    Martin Finkelstein - PhD, Professor of Higher Education, Seton Hall University. E-mail: Kevin W. Iglesias - PhD candidate, Senior Research Associate, Center for College Readiness, Seton Hall University. E-mail: Address: Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ.Anna Panova - Research Fellow, International Laboratory for Institutional Analysis of Economic Reforms, National Research University Higher School of Economics. E-mail: apanova@...

  4. Cost-effective clinical uses of wide-area networks: electronic mail as telemedicine.

    OpenAIRE

    Worth, E. R.; Patrick, T. B.; Klimczak, J. C.; Reid, J C

    1995-01-01

    Electronic mail (E-mail) is widely used as a means of communication in the medical community. E-mail is clearly inexpensive when compared to two-way, fully interactive, real-time, video telemedicine. By content analysis of 200 consecutive messages, we show E-mail to be a low-cost use of computer networks, supporting a wide range of physician decision-making.

  5. Electronic mail : attitudes, self-efficacy, and effective communication

    OpenAIRE

    Kandies, Jerry T.

    1994-01-01

    The purpose of this study was (a) to investigate the functional use of e-mail in a university setting and the relationship of attitudes toward and self-efficacy with email technology, and (b) to evaluate writing effectiveness in an electronic medium. The study also sought to determine if certain personal characteristics could serve as predictor variables for explaining e-mail use, attitudes toward email, and self-efficacy with e-mail technology. The population of inter...

  6. Modul pro propojení eshopu s emailovým marketingem

    OpenAIRE

    Kaštánek, David

    2014-01-01

    Diploma thesis analyses current methods of connecting an e-shop to e-mail marketing. A new application for said connection is proposed with its requirements based on this thesis. A complete design of this connection, containing a principle of connection and a form of rules for e-mail lists generation and transfer to specialized e-mail marketing applications are presented here. Proposed solution is implemented and fully documented.

  7. PreciseMail anti-spam gateway allows users more control over spam definitions; unwanted email is eliminated with no false positives

    CERN Multimedia

    ten Bruggencate, J

    2003-01-01

    "PreciseMail Anti-Spam Gateway uses a combination of proven heuristic (rules-based) and artificial intelligence technologies that eliminates unwanted spam e-mail at an Internet gateway without filtering critical e-mail messages. Its highly effective filtering engine identifies spam and allows multiple levels of tuning and customization to meet each user's personal e-mail spam filtering requirements" (1 page).

  8. NOTICE FOR CONTRIBUTORS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Aim and Scope Cell Research is a journal devoted to the publication of the novel results in different areas of animal and plant cell biology and to the promotion of the scientific exchanges between China and all other parts of the world. It is edited by Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, published by Science Press, Beijing China, distributed by Chinese Post Office for local and New York Agency Ltd., USA for overseas. Cell Research is included in Index Medicus and MEDLINEon MEDLARS system and Science Citation Index Expandedtm (also known as SciSearchtm)and ISI Alerting Services.Article type Original articles, cormnentary, and short communications are all welcomed, reviews and minireviews should be in advance with the Editor-in-Chief.Submission of manuscripts Manuscript should be subniitted to the Editorial Office in Shanghai or three reginal editors closed to your location. Ms. Ai Lan CHANG, Editorial Office of Cell Research, Shanghia Institute of CellBiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue-yang Road, Shanghai 200031, China, e-mai:cellres@sunm.shcnc.ac.cn Dr. Yun-Bo SHI, LME/NICHD/NIH, BUILDING 18t room 106, 18 Library RD MSC 5431, Bethesda, MD 20892-5431, USA, e-mail: shi@helix.nih.gov Dr. Yufang SHI, Scientist, Dept. of Immunology, Holland Laboratory of the American Red Cross, 15601 Crabbs Branch Way, Rockville, MD 20855, USA. Tel: 301 517 0392/Cell:301 706 0826, Fax: 301 517 0344/301 517 0395, e-mail: shiy@usa. redcross.org Jing De ZHU, CRC Dept,of Medical Oncology, Galsgow University, Glasgow G61,1BD. UK. E-mail: gpma66@udcf, gla.ac.ukOne original and two complete copies of the manuscript should be submitted. The final revised version of the paper should be submitted with the electronic version of the complete manuscript.Manuscript style The Language used is English. Manuscript should be doulble-spaced, with margins of approximately 2.5 cm all around and numbered. The text is organized as Abstract, Introduction, Materials and

  9. Germ line activation of the Tie2 and SMMHC promoters causes noncell-specific deletion of floxed alleles Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: C. D. Sigmund, Depts. of Internal Medicine and Physiology & Biophysics, 3181B Medical Education and Biomedical Research Facility, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver Collage of Medicine, Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 (e-mail: curt-sigmund@uiowa.edu). The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lange, Willem J.; Halabi, Carmen M.; Beyer, Andreas M.; Sigmund, Curt D.

    2008-01-01

    Tissue-specific knockouts generated through Cre-loxP recombination have become an important tool to manipulate the mouse genome. Normally, two successive rounds of breeding are performed to generate mice carrying two floxed target-gene alleles and a transgene expressing Cre-recombinase tissue-specifically. We show herein that two promoters commonly used to generate endothelium-specific (Tie2) and smooth muscle-specific [smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (Smmhc)] knockout mice exhibit activity in the female and male germ lines, respectively. This can result in the inheritance of a null allele in the second generation that is not tissue specific. Careful experimental design is required therefore to ensure that tissue-specific knockouts are indeed tissue specific and that appropriate controls are used to compare strains. PMID:18612081

  10. Elevated expression of protein biosynthesis genes in liver and muscle of hibernating black bears (Ursus americanus) Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: V. B. Fedorov, Inst. of Arctic Biology, Univ. of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, AK 99775 (e-mail: fnvf@uaf.edu). The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fedorov, Vadim B.; Goropashnaya, Anna V.; Tøien, Øivind; Stewart, Nathan C.; Gracey, Andrew Y.; Chang, Celia; Qin, Shizhen; Pertea, Geo; Quackenbush, John; Showe, Louise C.; Showe, Michael K.; Boyer, Bert B.; Barnes, Brian M.

    2009-01-01

    We conducted a large-scale gene expression screen using the 3,200 cDNA probe microarray developed specifically for Ursus americanus to detect expression differences in liver and skeletal muscle that occur during winter hibernation compared with animals sampled during summer. The expression of 12 genes, including RNA binding protein motif 3 (Rbm3), that are mostly involved in protein biosynthesis, was induced during hibernation in both liver and muscle. The Gene Ontology and Gene Set Enrichment analysis consistently showed a highly significant enrichment of the protein biosynthesis category by overexpressed genes in both liver and skeletal muscle during hibernation. Coordinated induction in transcriptional level of genes involved in protein biosynthesis is a distinctive feature of the transcriptome in hibernating black bears. This finding implies induction of translation and suggests an adaptive mechanism that contributes to a unique ability to reduce muscle atrophy over prolonged periods of immobility during hibernation. Comparing expression profiles in bears to small mammalian hibernators shows a general trend during hibernation of transcriptional changes that include induction of genes involved in lipid metabolism and carbohydrate synthesis as well as depression of genes involved in the urea cycle and detoxification function in liver. PMID:19240299

  11. Distance education for tobacco reduction with Inuit frontline health workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rob Collins

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background . Tobacco reduction is a major priority in Canadian Inuit communities. However, many Inuit frontline health workers lacked the knowledge, confidence and support to address the tobacco epidemic. Given vast distances, high costs of face-to-face training and previous successful pilots using distance education, this method was chosen for a national tobacco reduction course. Objective . To provide distance education about tobacco reduction to at least 25 frontline health workers from all Inuit regions of Canada. Design . Promising practices globally were assessed in a literature survey. The National Inuit Tobacco Task Group guided the project. Participants were selected from across Inuit Nunangat. They chose a focus from a “menu” of 6 course options, completed a pre-test to assess individual learning needs and chose which community project(s to complete. Course materials were mailed, and trainers provided intensive, individualized support through telephone, fax and e-mail. The course ended with an open-book post-test. Follow-up support continued for several months post-training. Results . Of the 30 participants, 27 (90% completed the course. The mean pre-test score was 72% (range: 38–98%. As the post-test was done using open books, everyone scored 100%, with a mean improvement of 28% (range: 2–62%. Conclusions . Although it was often challenging to contact participants through phone, a distance education approach was very practical in a northern context. Learning is more concrete when it happens in a real-life context. As long as adequate support is provided, we recommend individualized distance education to others working in circumpolar regions.

  12. A preliminary study of the nonlinearity of adhesive point-fixings in structural glass facades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Dispersyn

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Corresponding author: Jonas Dispersyn, Laboratory for Research on Structural Models (LMO, Department of Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. Tel.: +32 9 264 54 84; Fax: +32 9 264 58 38; E-mail: jonas.dispersyn@UGent.be The recent demand for architectural transparency has drastically increased the use of glass material for structural purpose. However, connections between structural glass members represent one of the most critical aspects of glass engineering, due to the fragile behaviour of this material. In that respect, research activities on adhesive point-fixings are currently on-going. The mechanical behaviour of adhesive point-fixings is affected by large nonlinearities, which are usually investigated by nonlinear Finite Element Analysis (FEA. This paper focuses on the geometrical and the material nonlinearities of adhesive point-fixings for glass structures. Firstly, the nonlinear material behaviour of two selected adhesives are investigated by means of uniaxial tension and compression tests on the bulk material. The production of specimens, test methodology and displacement rate dependency are discussed. Secondly, the nonlinear stress distribution occurring in the adhesive and the joint stiffness is investigated by means of nonlinear FEA. The effects of several parameters on the mechanical behaviour of adhesive point-fixings, such as the connection dimensions and adhesive elastic properties, are studied. The adhesive stress-strain curves resulting from the experimental campaign show that the adhesives exhibit a large nonlinear behaviour. The results show that the stress and strain at failure reduce as the displacement rate is reduced. From the numerical investigations it is concluded that large nonlinearity involves the mechanical behaviour of adhesive point-fixing which cannot be neglected. The stress distribution within the adhesive deviates from uniform nominal stresses

  13. Embryonic and genetic manipulation in fish

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Fishes, the biggest and most diverse community in vertebrates are good experimental models for studies of cell and developmental biology by many favorable charac teristics. Nuclear transplantation in fish has been thor oughly studied in China since 1960s. Fish nuclei of em bryonic cells from different genera were transplanted into enucleated eggs generating nucleo-cytoplasmic hybrids of adults. Most importantly, nuclei of cultured goldfish kid ney cells had been reprogrammed in enucleated eggs to support embryogenesis and ontogenesis of a fertile fish. This was the first case of cloned fish with somatic cells. Based on the technique of microinjection, recombinant MThGH gene has been transferred into fish eggs and the first batch of transgenic fish were produced in 1984. The behavior of foreign gene was characterized and the onset of the foreign gene replication occurred between the blas tula to gastrula stages and random integration mainly oc curred at later stages of embryogenesis. This eventually led to the transgenlc mosaicism. The MThGH-transferred common carp enhanced growth rate by 2-4 times in the founder juveniles and doubled the body weight in the adults. The transgenic common carp were more efficient in utilizing dietary protein than the controls. An “all-fish” gene construct CAgcGH has been made by splicing the common carpβ-actin gene (CA) promoter onto the grass carp growth hormone gene (gcGH) coding sequence. The CAgcGH-transferred Yellow River Carp have also shown significantly fast-growth trait. Combination of techniques * Corresponding author, Fax: 0086-27-87876624 E-mail: zyzhu@ihb.ac.cn of fish cell culture, gene transformation with cultured cells and nuclear transplantation should be able to generate ho mogeneous strain of valuable transgenic fish to fulfil human requirement in 21st century.

  14. The VTLA System of Course Delivery and Faculty Development in Materials Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrettini, Robert; Roy, Rustum

    1996-01-01

    There is a national need for high-quality, upper division courses that address critical topics in materials synthesis, particularly those beyond the present expertise of the typical university department's faculty. A new project has been started to test a novel distance education and faculty development system, called Video Tape Live Audio (VTLA). This, if successful, would at once enlarge the national Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) student cohort studying material synthesis and develop faculty expertise at the receiving sites. The mechanics for the VTLA scheme are as follows: A course is designed in the field selected for emphasis and for which there is likely to be considerable demand, in this example 'Ceramic Materials Synthesis: Theory and Case Studies'. One of the very best researcher/teachers records lectures of TV studio quality with appropriate visuals. Universities and colleges which wish to offer the course agree to offer it at the same hour at least once a week. The videotaped lectures and accompanying text, readings and visuals are shipped to the professor in charge, who has an appropriate background. The professor arranges the classroom TV presentation equipment and supervises the course. Video lectures are played during regular course hours twice a week with time for discussion by the supervising professor. Typically the third weekly classroom period is scheduled by all sites at a common designated hour, during which the course author/presenter answers questions, provides greater depth, etc. on a live audio link to all course sites. Questions are submitted by fax and e-mail prior to the audio tutorial. coordinating professors at various sites have separate audio teleconferences at the beginning and end of the course, dealing with the philosophical and pedagogical approach to the course, content and mechanics. Following service once or twice as an 'apprentice' to the course, the coordinating professors may then offer it without the necessity

  15. PR 2.0 and interaction of Turkish Brands in Terms of Brand Awareness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ece BABAN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Today, under the affect of market conditions, companies prefer social media channel with the aim of reaching their target population, interacting with their customers directly and expressing their brands more powerfully in the market. Companies are trying to perform new strategies for creating close relationships between brand and customers, while the differentiation attempts of the companies. Nowadays, the Internet phenomenon is one of the most important factors in this regard. People spend most of their times at the computer and internet networks. In the 1990s, with the spread of internet and mobile phones, public relations activities moved to electronic and digital media of mass communication as a one-way by using e-mail, SMS and fax machine tools (Jalali, 2009:32. In the 2000s, by the development in web area, with the help of 2.0 patches, people can also edit the pages instead of just reading the written pages through the web pages. In today's competitive environment and the developments that followed the progress of technology companies and companies with a progressive web influenced by these developments and the opportunities created by social media, they introduce their products and services and increase customer satisfaction for better uses. PR activities which use Web 2.0 and technological developments in social media environment are called PR 2.0 (Jalali, 2009:45. Throughout the research, PR 2.0 activities within the scope of the contribution of brand awareness through social media, especially in comparison with traditional PR will be discussed. Brands will be examined regarding the brands which are actively using the social media in terms of the public relations and brand awareness. Brands can be listed in four different business sectors such as; Mavi Jeans, Anadolu Efes Pilsen, Garanti Bankası and ETI.

  16. Prescribers and pharmacists requests for prescription monitoring program (PMP) data: does PMP structure matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleming, Marc L; Chandwani, Hitesh; Barner, Jamie C; Weber, Stephanie N; Okoro, Tony T

    2013-06-01

    Prescription monitoring programs (PMPs) have been purported to be an effective tool to combat prescription drug abuse. However, utilization rates of PMP data by health care providers (e.g., prescribers and pharmacists) is relatively low. The objectives of the study were to describe (1) PMP utilization (e.g., requested reports) by prescribers, pharmacists, and law enforcement for active state PMPs; (2) PMP utilization by health care providers with and without online access; (3) average annual operational costs for PMPs from 2008 to 2009; and (4) PMP requests based on PMP housing authority (law enforcement vs. non-law enforcement [e.g., board of pharmacy]). This was a cross-sectional study employing a Web-based survey. A 16-item questionnaire was e-mailed to the 33 operational state PMP administrators and responses were collected from January to March 2011. Descriptive statistics were used to describe PMP request rates and annual operating costs. The usable survey response rate was 45.5%. Among all authorized users, prescribers had higher mean (±SD) requests per 100,000 population (2198.2 ± 3218.0) compared with pharmacists' requests (268.9 ± 261.2). Online accessibility resulted in higher request rates per 100,000 population (2996.4 ± 3021.5) compared with mail/fax access (14.6 ± 2.8). On average, PMP annual costs were $12,515 ± $14,911 per 100,000 population. In law enforcement-governed PMPs, health care provider utilization was lower compared with PMPs under health or pharmacy boards. Prescriber request rates were higher than pharmacists and online access for providers (e.g., prescribers and pharmacists) resulted in higher request rates per 100,000 population. More research is needed to determine other factors that may be associated with PMP utilization by prescribers and pharmacists.

  17. Implementation of SAP Waste Management System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) assumed responsibility for newly generated waste on October 1, 2005. To ensure effective management and accountability of newly generated waste, Y-12 has opted to utilize SAP, Y-12's Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) tool, to track low-level radioactive waste (LLW), mixed waste (MW), hazardous waste, and non-regulated waste from generation through acceptance and disposal. SAP Waste will include the functionality of the current waste tracking system and integrate with the applicable modules of SAP already in use. The functionality of two legacy systems, the Generator Entry System (GES) and the Waste Information Tracking System (WITS), and peripheral spreadsheets, databases, and e-mail/fax communications will be replaced by SAP Waste. Fundamentally, SAP Waste will promote waste acceptance for certification and disposal, not storage. SAP Waste will provide a one-time data entry location where waste generators can enter waste container information, track the status of their waste, and maintain documentation. A benefit of the new system is that it will provide a single data repository where Y-12's Waste Management organization can establish waste profiles, verify and validate data, maintain inventory control utilizing hand-held data transfer devices, schedule and ship waste, manage project accounting, and report on waste handling activities. This single data repository will facilitate the production of detailed waste generation reports for use in forecasting and budgeting, provide the data for required regulatory reports, and generate metrics to evaluate the performance of the Waste Management organization and its subcontractors. SAP Waste will replace the outdated and expensive legacy system, establish tools the site needs to manage newly generated waste, and optimize the use of the site's ERP tool for integration with related business processes while promoting disposition of waste. (authors)

  18. Statistical analysis concerning broad band measurements of radio frequency electromagnetic fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electromagnetic fields (EMF) actually represents one of the most common and the fastest growing environmental factors influencing human life. The care of the public community for the so called electromagnetic pollution is continually increasing because of the booming use of mobile phones over the past decade in business, commerce and social life. Moreover the incumbent third generation mobile systems will increase the use of all communication technologies, including fax, e-mail and Internet accesses. This extensive use has been accompanied by public debate about possible adverse effects on human health. In particular there are concerns related to the emission of radiofrequency radiation from the cellular phones and from base stations. Due to this very fast and wide development of cellular telephony more and more data are becoming available from monitoring, measuring and predicting electromagnetic fields as requested by the laws in order to get the authorization to install antenna and apparatus size of the database is such consistent that statistics have been carried out with a high degree of confidence: in particular in this paper statistical analysis has been focussed on data collected during about 1000 check measurements of electromagnetic field values performed by a private company in 167 different located in almost all Italian regions. One of the aim set consist in to find the most critical factors for the measurements, besides the field conformation: position in space, logistic conditions, technology employed, distance from the centre of the antenna, etc. The first step of the study deals with the building of a database fulfilled with information relevant to the measurements. In a second step, by means of appropriate statistical procedures, the electromagnetic field is evaluated and then the different measurement procedures are critically reviewed

  19. Incident and Trafficking Database: New Systems for Reporting and Accessing State Information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA's Incident and Trafficking Database (ITDB) is the Agency's authoritative source for information on incidents in which nuclear and other radioactive material is out of national regulatory control. It was established in 1995 and, as of June 2014, 126 States participate in the ITDB programme. Currently, the database contains over 2500 confirmed incidents, out of which 21% involve nuclear material, 62% radioactive source and 17% radioactively contaminated material. In recent years, the system for States to report incidents to the ITDB has been evolving — moving from fax-based to secure email and most recently to secure on-line reporting. A Beta version of the on-line system was rolled out this June, offering a simple, yet secure, communication channel for member states to provide information. In addition the system serves as a central hub for information related to official communication of the IAEA with Member States so some communication that is traditionally shared by e-mail does not get lost when ITDB counterparts change. In addition the new reporting system incorporates optional features that allow multiple Member State users to collaboratively contribute toward an INF. States are also being given secure on-line access to a streamlined version of the ITDB. This improves States' capabilities to retrieve and analyze information for their own purposes. In addition, on-line access to ITDB statistical information on incidents is available to States through an ITDB Dashboard. The dashboard contains aggregate information on number and types of incidents, material involved, as well some other statistics related to the ITDB that is typically provided in the ITDB Quarterly reports. (author)

  20. 76 FR 51353 - Nominations for Membership on the Ocean Research Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    .... Intercessional activities not involving formal decisions or recommendations may be carried out electronically... curriculum vitae. Process and Deadline for Submitting Nominations: Submit nominations via e-mail to...