Sample records for 3-dimethylaminobutyl dimethylcarbamate dmabc

  1. Carbamoylcholine analogs as nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists--structural modifications of 3-(dimethylamino)butyl dimethylcarbamate (DMABC)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Camilla Petrycer; Jensen, Anders Asbjørn; Balle, Thomas;


    Compounds based on the 3-(dimethylamino)butyl dimethylcarbamate (DMABC) scaffold were synthesized and pharmacologically characterized at the alpha(4)beta(2), alpha(3)beta(4,) alpha(4)beta(4) and alpha(7) neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). The carbamate functionality and a small...... hydrophobic substituent in the C-3 position were found to be vital for the binding affinity to the nAChRs, whereas the carbamate nitrogen substituents were important for nAChR subtype selectivity. Finally, the compounds were found to be agonists at the alpha(3)beta(4) nAChR....

  2. Exploration of the molecular architecture of the orthosteric binding site in the α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor with analogs of 3-(dimethylamino)butyl dimethylcarbamate (DMABC) and 1-(pyridin-3-yl)-1,4-diazepane

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bach, Tinna Brøbech; Jensen, Anders A.; Petersen, Jette G.;


    the α4-β2 nAChR interface and by surface plasmon resonance biosensor analysis of binding of the compounds to acetylcholine-binding proteins, where they exhibit preference for Lymnaea stagnalis ACh binding protein (Ls-AChBP) over the Aplysia california ACh binding protein (Ac-AChBP). These results...

  3. Development of amino- and dimethylcarbamate-substituted resorcinol as programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) inhibitor. (United States)

    Liu, An; Dong, Lei; Wei, Xiao-Li; Yang, Xiao-Hong; Xiao, Jun-Hai; Liu, Zai-Qun


    Blockading the interaction of programmed death-1 (PD-1) protein with its ligands (PD-Ls, such as PD-L1) was proved to be a pathway for suppressing the development of tumors and other degradations of biological species. Thus, finding PD-1 inhibitors situated at the convergence point of drug discovery. In addition to some monoclonal antibodies applied to treat cancers clinically, the screening of organic molecules for hindering the interaction of PD-1 with PD-L1 became an efficient strategy in the development of PD-1 inhibitors. We herein applied resorcinol and 3-hydroxythiophenol as the core to link with N,N-dimethylcarbamate and other alkyl-substituted amines to afford 13 amine-appended phenyl dimethylcarbamates (AAPDs). The test for blockading the combination of PD-1 with PD-L1 revealed that abilities of 13 AAPDs were higher than that of sulfamethizole, a successful PD-1 inhibitor. In particular, large hydrophobic substituents at amine moiety or a nitro at resorcinol skeleton enhanced the inhibitory effect of AAPD even higher than that of sulfamethoxypyridazine, another successful PD-1 inhibitor. The present results may provide valuable information for further investigation on synthetic PD-1 inhibitors. PMID:27063329

  4. Molecular modeling and anticholinesterasic activity of novel 2-arylaminocyclohexyl N,N-dimethylcarbamates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bagatin, Mariane C.; Candido, Augusto A.; Basso, Ernani A.; Gauze, Gisele F., E-mail: [Universidade Estadual de Maringa (UEM), PR (Brazil). Departamento de Quimica; Pinheiro, Glaucia M. S.; Hoeehr, Nelci F. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Ciencias Medicas. Departamento de Patologia Clinica; Machinski Junior, Miguel; Mossini, Simone A.G. [Universidade Estadual de Maringa (UEM), PR (Brazil). Departamento de Ciencias Basicas da Saude


    This work reports a detailed theoretical and experimental study of the novel isomer series cis- and trans-2-arylaminocyclohexyl N,N-dimethylcarbamates as potential inhibitors of cholinesterases. In vitro inhibition assay by Ellman's method with human blood samples showed that the new carbamates are selective to the inhibition of enzyme butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) with maximum inhibition of 90% and IC{sub 50} of 6 and 8 mmol L{sup -1} for the more actives compounds of the series. Molecular modeling studies point to significant differences for the conformations of the compounds in the active sites of enzymes BuChE and acetylcholinesterase (AChE). The results show that the compounds interact more effectively with the active site of enzyme BuChE since the carbamate group is close to the key residues of the catalytic triad. (author)

  5. catena-Poly[zinc-tris(μ-dimethylcarbamato-κ2O:O′-zinc-μ-(2-phenylbenzimidazolido-κ2N:N′

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark A. Rodriguez


    Full Text Available The crystal structure of the title compound, [Zn2(C13H9N2(C3H6NO23]n, displays a long chiral chain. This is composed of zinc-dimer clusters capped by dimethylcarbamate ligands, which lie on crystallographic twofold rotation axes and are polymerically linked in one dimension by 2-phenylbenzimidadole (2–PBImi organic ligands. The two Zn2+ ions defining the dimetal cluster are crystallographically independent, but display very similar coordination modes and tetrahedral geometry. As such, each Zn2+ ion is coordinated on one side by the N-donor imidazole linker, while the other three available coordination sites are fully occupied by the O atoms from the capping dimethylcarbamates. The chirality of the chain extends along the c axis, generating a rather long 52.470 (11 Å cell axis. Interestingly, the chiral material crystallizes from completely achiral precursors. A twofold axis and 31 screw axis serve to generate the long asymmetric unit.

  6. Radiotracer Approaches to Carbamate Insecticide Toxicology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Methylcarbamates constitute one of the major groups of insecticides. Many unresolved problems in their toxicology may be readily approached with radiotracer studies. Dimethylcarbamates have been prepared with carbonyl-C14-labelling and methylcarbamates withmethyl-, carbonyl-and ring-labelling utilizing carbon-14. The pharmacological action of these.compounds presumably results from acetylcholinesterase inhibition and may involve carbamylation. Reaction of carbonyl- or methyl-labelled carbamates with purified cholinesterase or other esterases would allow a critical examination of this carbamylation reaction and the ease of spontaneous and induced reactivation or decarbamylation. The physiological significance of cholinesterase inhibition might be examined by administering acetate-C14 and analysis for radiolabelled acetylcholine accumulation in nervous tissue, or by utilizing acetyl-C14-choline as the substrate for in vitro determination of the degree of cholinesterase inhibition in tissues of poisoned animals with minimal dilution of the inhibitors and enzymes during analysis. Some progress has been made with radiolabelled materials in investigating the metabolism of carbamate insecticides. Sevin (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate) has been most extensively studied along with its potential hydrolysis products. The assumption that the metabolism of Sevin involves an initial hydrolysis and then further decomposition of the fragments was not supported by carbon-14 studies. The major detoxification mechanism in mammals, and probably also in insects, results from initial oxidative attack on the carbamate by the microsomes in the presence of reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate. Sevin is rapidly metabolized in mammals, but the fate of certain of the fragments has not been resolved. Some of the metabolites appear in the milk of lactating animals. One step in the metabolism appears to be formation of the N-methylol derivative. Preliminary studies on the metabolism

  7. Novel derivatization technique for the detection of phenoxyacetic acid herbicides by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Complete text of publication follows. The analytical detection of phenoxyacetic acid type herbicides (2,4-D, dichloprop, MCPA, etc.) from environmental samples is often a problem in instrumental analysis, as these compounds containing free carboxylic groups require chemical derivatisation prior to gas chromatographic (GC) methods. Commonly used derivatising agents include diazomethane and pentachlorobenzyl bromide, the former being toxic and explosive, the latter is being most suitable for GC with electron capture detector. In order to detect these compounds in GC coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS), a novel method for the formation of stable chemical derivatives from the acidic herbicides prior to GC analysis was developed. Earlier we have applied silylcarbamates for the derivatisation of chlorophenols (A. Kovacs et al., J. Chromat. A, 1194 (1) (2008) 139-142.), and this procedure was extended now to the silylation of phenoxyacetic acid type compounds. We studied the reactions between commercially available trimethylsilyl N,N-dimethylcarbamate and mecoprop, MCPA, dichlorprop, 2,4-D, MCPB 2,4,5-T, 2,4,5-TP and 2,4-DB, respectively. Beside the trimethylsilylated derivatives of the target compounds the corresponding tert-butyldimethylsilyl derivatives were also prepared in order to enhance hydrolytic stability and improve mass spectrometric properties. For that purpose the corresponding tert-butyldimethylsilyl N,N-dimethylcarbamate agent was prepared, allowing detection limits at ppb level. The reactions proved to be fast and the reagent excess and by-products were proven not to interfere with the target compounds. In accordance with the expectations tert-butyldimethylsilyl esters of phenoxyacetic acids surpassed the corresponding trimethylsilyl analogues both in stability and detectability. The procedure was also compared with the results obtained by commercial silylating agent BSTFA and certain alkylating agents (TMAH, Me3SOH, trimethylsilyldiazomethane

  8. Interaction of human butyrylcholinesterase variants with bambuterol and terbutaline. (United States)

    Kovarik, Zrinka; Simeon-Rudolf, Vera


    Bambuterol, a dimethylcarbamate, carbamoylates butyrylcholinesterase (BChE; EC The carbamoylated enzyme is not very stable and the final product of the two-step hydrolysis is a bronchodilator drug, terbutaline (1-(3,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-t-butylamino-ethanol sulphate). Both bambuterol and terbutaline inhibit BChE, but their affinities differ in human serum BChE variants (U, A, F, K and S) due to their positive charge. Bambuterol inhibition rate constants for the homozygous usual (UU), Kalow (KK), fluoride-resistant (FF) or atypical (AA) variant ranged from 4.4 to 0.085min (-1)microM(-1). Terbutaline showed competitive reversible inhibition for all BChE variants. The dissociation constants for UU, FF and AA homozygotes were 0.18, 0.31 and 3.3 mM, respectively. The inhibition rate or dissociation constants for heterozygotes were distributed between the respective constants for the corresponding homozygotes. A 50-fold difference in inhibition between the UU and AA enzyme might affect terbutaline release in humans. The affinity of all studied BChE variants for terbutaline was low, which suggests that terbutaline originating from bambuterol hydrolysis should not affect the hydrolysis of bambuterol by BChE. PMID:15449725

  9. Ionic Liquid Extractions of Soil Organic Matter (United States)

    Patti, Antonio; Macfarlane, Douglas; Clarke, Michael


    A large range of ionic liquids with the ability to dissolve different classes of natural biopolymers (e.g. cellulose, lignin, protein) have been reported in the literature. These have the potential to isolate different fractions of soil organic matter, thus yielding novel information that is not available through other extraction procedures. The ionic liquids dimethylammonium dimethylcarbamate (DIMCARB), alkylbenzenesulfonate and 1-butyl-3methylimidazolium chloride (Bmim Cl) can solubilise selected components of soil organic matter. Soil extractions with these materials showed that the organic matter recovered showed chemical properties that were consistent with humic substances. These extracts had a slightly different organic composition than the humic acids extracted using the traditional International Humic Substances Society (IHSS) method. The ionic liquids also solubilised some inorganic matter from the soil. Humic acids recovered with alkali were also partially soluble in the ionic liquids. DIMCARB appeared to chemically interfere with organic extract, increasing the level of nitrogen in the sample. It was concluded that the ionic liquid Bmim Cl may function as a useful solvent for SOM, and may be used to recover organic matter of a different character to that obtained with alkali

  10. Nitrogen-rich higher-molecular soil organic compounds patterned by lignin degradation products: Considerations on the nature of soil organic nitrogen (United States)

    Liebner, Falk; Bertoli, Luca; Pour, Georg; Klinger, Karl; Ragab, Tamer; Rosenau, Thomas


    and NMR spectroscopy (1H, 13C, 15N), respectively. The reactions of hydroquinone, methyl hydroquinone and p-benzoquinone with ammonia and dimethyl-ammonium dimethylcarbamate - a source of dimethyl amine - affording the respective (substituted) 2,5-diamino-[1,4]benzoquinones under aerobic conditions have been studied by EPR spectroscopy for both oxygen-free and oxygen-rich conditions. 15N CPMAS NMR and XPS spectra of ammoxidized technical lignins and of ammoxidized low-molecular polyphenolic and quinoid products of the aerobic, microbial lignin degradation using 15N labeled aqueous ammonium hydroxide share many similarities, highly indicative for reaction sequences proceeding via common key intermediates. It has been demonstrated that 2,5-dihydroxy-[1,4]benzoquinone which can be surprisingly formed from both lignin and cellulose reacts with N nucleophiles to the respective 2,5-amino derivatives. The latter are semi-stable and react further to nitrogenous compounds of higher molecular weight. Hydroquinone and methoxy hydroquinone react even faster affording the respective 2,5-diamino-[1,4]benzoquinones. EPR experiments revealed that the reaction of hydroquinone with dimethyl amine proceed via radical intermediates. The results of this study strongly support the polyphenol theory and is hoped to contribute to a better understanding of nitrogen accumulation in soil organic matter. Acknowledgement The financial support by the Austrian Research Promotion Agency FFG (project FLIPPR: Future Lignin and Pulp Processing Research, 836650) and by The Austrian Science Fund FWF (project I154-N19) is gratefully acknowledged.