WorldWideScience

Sample records for 1986-2006 years radioaktivnye

  1. From space to Earth: advances in human physiology from 20 years of bed rest studies (1986-2006).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavy-Le Traon, A; Heer, M; Narici, M V; Rittweger, J; Vernikos, J

    2007-09-01

    Bed rest studies of the past 20 years are reviewed. Head-down bed rest (HDBR) has proved its usefulness as a reliable simulation model for the most physiological effects of spaceflight. As well as continuing to search for better understanding of the physiological changes induced, these studies focused mostly on identifying effective countermeasures with encouraging but limited success. HDBR is characterised by immobilization, inactivity, confinement and elimination of Gz gravitational stimuli, such as posture change and direction, which affect body sensors and responses. These induce upward fluid shift, unloading the body's upright weight, absence of work against gravity, reduced energy requirements and reduction in overall sensory stimulation. The upward fluid shift by acting on central volume receptors induces a 10-15% reduction in plasma volume which leads to a now well-documented set of cardiovascular changes including changes in cardiac performance and baroreflex sensitivity that are identical to those in space. Calcium excretion is increased from the beginning of bed rest leading to a sustained negative calcium balance. Calcium absorption is reduced. Body weight, muscle mass, muscle strength is reduced, as is the resistance of muscle to insulin. Bone density, stiffness of bones of the lower limbs and spinal cord and bone architecture are altered. Circadian rhythms may shift and are dampened. Ways to improve the process of evaluating countermeasures--exercise (aerobic, resistive, vibration), nutritional and pharmacological--are proposed. Artificial gravity requires systematic evaluation. This review points to clinical applications of BR research revealing the crucial role of gravity to health.

  2. Prostate cancer in South Africa: pathology based national cancer registry data (1986-2006) and mortality rates (1997-2009).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babb, Chantal; Urban, Margaret; Kielkowski, Danuta; Kellett, Patricia

    2014-01-01

    Prostate cancer is one of the most common male cancers globally; however little is known about prostate cancer in Africa. Incidence data for prostate cancer in South Africa (SA) from the pathology based National Cancer Registry (1986-2006) and data on mortality (1997-2009) from Statistics SA were analysed. World standard population denominators were used to calculate age specific incidence and mortality rates (ASIR and ASMR) using the direct method. Prostate cancer was the most common male cancer in all SA population groups (excluding basal cell carcinoma). There are large disparities in the ASIR between black, white, coloured, and Asian/Indian populations: 19, 65, 46, and 19 per 100 000, respectively, and ASMR was 11, 7, 52, and 6 per 100 000, respectively. Prostate cancer was the second leading cause of cancer death, accounting for around 13% of male deaths from a cancer. The average age at diagnosis was 68 years and 74 years at death. For SA the ASIR increased from 16.8 in 1986 to 30.8 in 2006, while the ASMR increased from 12.3 in 1997 to 16.7 in 2009. There has been a steady increase of incidence and mortality from prostate cancer in SA.

  3. HIV/AIDS epidemic features and trends in Iran, 1986-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallahzadeh, H; Morowatisharifabad, M; Ehrampoosh, M H

    2009-04-01

    This study describes the reported HIV/AIDS data for all verified cases in Iran between 1986 and 2006. The cumulative number of the reported cases of HIV/AIDS among Iranians, up to the end of September 2006 was 13,702. Over the 20-year surveillance period, the rate of HIV/AIDS infections diagnosed annually among Iranian citizens gradually increased and, over the period 1997-2004, it reached from 1.38 to 4.6 cases per 100,000 populations per year. Our findings highlight the need for intensified HIV prevention efforts with men who use drugs via injection and strengthened efforts to encourage the individual at risk to get tested for HIV.

  4. Changes in main causes of death in Macao residents from 1986-2006

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHAN Man-si; CHEN Qing; LAM Christopher Wai-kei

    2013-01-01

    Background Since Macao's return of sovereignty to China in December 1999,the life style of Macao residents has changed.The aim of this study was to investigate changes of death patterns in Macao residents from 1986 to 2006 in order to identify the trends and patterns of major public health problems,which could provide the guidance for developing public health policies.Methods A retrospective study was conducted for this investigation.Research data were collected from official websites and statistical yearbooks and classified by the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9.Results It was observed that mortality from the three major causes of (1) infectious,maternal and childhood diseases,(2) chronic non-communicable diseases,and (3) injury and poisoning were 17.7,298.2 and 26.0 per 100 000,respectively.The largest decrease in death rate over the 21-year study-period was from infectious,maternal and childhood diseases (62.5%).The highest mortality rate was ischemic heart diseases (37.0%).The largest increase in mortality rate was lung cancer (46.9%).Conclusions Mortality rate of Macao residents progressively decreased,but the constituent ratio of death from chronic non-communicable diseases was increasing.The mortality rate of lung cancer was clearly ascending,so emphasis should be put on tertiary prevention in future.

  5. Analysis on epidemiologic characteristics of human plague case form Rattus flavipectus plague natural foci in Yunnan Province%1986-2006年云南省家鼠鼠疫疫源地人间鼠疫流行病学分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊勇; 董兴齐; 赵文红; 梁云

    2008-01-01

    Objective To analyze the epidemiologic characters of human plague from Rattus flavipectus plague natural foci in Yunnan Province from 1986 to 2006 and to provide references for prevention and control strategy.Methods Data were collected and analyzed on epidemic situation of human plague in the past twenty-one years.Results From 1986 to 2006,the total human plague cases from Rattus flavipectus plague natural foci in Yunnan were 507,accounted for 59.5%(507/866)of the total cases in the whole country.There were three peaks of human plague outbreak in 1990,1996 and 2000.The number of annual cases were 73,88 and 122,accounting for 97.3%(73/75),89.8%(88/98),48.0%(122/254)of the total cases in the whole country respectively.The epidemic areas were mainly located in the west,southwest and southeast pans of Yunnan,but the number of cases changed with year in different prefectures(or cities).Seasonal pattern analyses revealed that the epidemic could occur in whole year,with a peak period through July to November,especially September.There were different prevalence of plague cases in age and professions,which related to the chance of contact with infected animals and infectious fleas.All human plague cases were primary bubonic plague.Conclusions The results suggested that there were clear epidemic characteristics for human plague for Rattus flavipectus plague natural foci in Yunnan.In order to control human plague effectively,it was necessary to reinforce surveillance and warning system to diminish the outbreak of human plague.%目的 分析1986-2006年云南省家鼠鼠疫疫源地人间鼠疫流行特征,为制订防治策略提供参考依据.方法 结合疫情现场调查资料和疫情总结报告,采用描述流行病学方法进行分析.结果 1986-2006年,云南省共发现507例人间鼠疫病例,占全国同期病例的58.5%(507/866),居各省份之首.1990、1996、2000午出现3次流行高峰,分别占全国同期病例的97.3%(73/75)、89.8%(88/98)、48

  6. Generation Changes over the Period of 1986-2006 in the Physical Fitness of Boys Aged 7-19 from Eastern Poland at Particular Stages of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saczuk, Jerzy; Wasiluk, Agnieszka; Zalech, Miroslaw

    2012-01-01

    Study aim: To assess the size of secular trends in the physical fitness of boys from eastern Poland taking into consideration stages of education. Material and methods: The physical fitness results of boys aged 7-19 years living in eastern regions of Poland were analyzed: 3188 students were examined in 1986 while in 2006 the research included 10…

  7. El Cartel Cultural en Bogotá 1986 - 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Castell, Edmon; Cortez Guzmán, Diego

    2009-01-01

    Hoja de Mano (plegable) de la muestra museográfica que expone la historia del cartel como patrimonio visual en las categorias de Bogotá, Arquitectura, Editorial y letras, Cine, Teatro y danza, Infantil, Música, Diseño Gráfico, Academia Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Arte, Fotografía y Cultura y patrimonio.

  8. El Cartel Cultural en Bogotá 1986 - 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Castell, Edmon; Cortez Guzmán, Diego

    2009-01-01

    Hoja de Mano (plegable) de la muestra museográfica que expone la historia del cartel como patrimonio visual en las categorias de Bogotá, Arquitectura, Editorial y letras, Cine, Teatro y danza, Infantil, Música, Diseño Gráfico, Academia Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Arte, Fotografía y Cultura y patrimonio.

  9. Derechos políticos de la mujer en Costa Rica: 1986-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia María Zamora Chavarría

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo reseña las propuestas de reformas legislativas que se han conocido en la Asamblea Legislativa de Costa Rica, sobre participación política de la mujer, desde marzo de 1988 hasta noviembre de 2008, con énfasis en la cuota o la paridad, para facilitar su acceso a cargos de elección popular y a los órganos internos partidarios, incluyendo la actual reforma de paridad propuesta por el TSE en enero de 2001. También hace referencia a los pronunciamientos del TSE en esta materia, en especial a su jurisprudencia, destacando cómo ésta ha posibilitado que Costa Rica ocupe el tercer lugar mundial de mujeres parlamentarias, ya que fue precisando que debía entenderse por puestos elegibles, los criterios para determinar esa elegibilidad (históricos o emergentes, la obligatoriedad del Registro Civil de no inscribir partidos ni candidaturas que no respeten la legislación, etc. También se incluyen gráficas que dan cuenta de lo reseñado. Cierra con un resumen de la propuesta de paridad y alternabilidad de género que, dentro del proyecto de reforma integral del Código Electoral, acaba de ser dictaminada, con voto afirmativo de mayoría, por la Comisión Especial de Partidos Políticos y Reformas Electorales de la Asamblea Legislativa, resaltando que retoma el espíritu de la propuesta desechada en 1998 y su necesidad su ek país desea una democracia real para las mujeres costarricenses

  10. [Smoking among psychology students over a ten-year period (1996-2006)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Míguez Varela, María del Carmen; Becoña Iglesias, Elisardo

    2009-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the evolution of smoking among Psychology students at the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) over a ten-year period (1986-2006). We also assessed the extent of knowledge of the Spanish health legislation on tobacco (Ley 28/2005) and its effect on smoking. We administered a questionnaire to representative samples of students from the 1st year of their Psychology course to the 5th year, on four occasions. In the academic year 1996-1997 (N = 835), 34% of the sample claimed to be daily smokers; in 1999-2000 (N = 842), the figure was 35.2%; in 2003-2004 (N = 835) it was 31.9%; and in 2006-2007 (N = 688), it was 22.8%. Moreover, in the last assessment, 97.1% of the sample reported being aware of the legislation (Ley 28/2005) and 41.9% of the smokers claimed that it had some degree of influence on their smoking. It can be stated that, although overall current prevalence of smoking is similar to that of 10 years ago, a significant change is observed in the profile of smokers. This change is expressed in lower levels of nicotine dependence and a decrease in the percentage of daily smokers, together with an increase in occasional smokers.

  11. Bank consolidation/capitalization in the Nigerian Commercial Bank(1986-2006:causes,consequences and implication for the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ph. D. Ikpefan Ochei Ailemen

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Intellectual capital can include the skills and knowledge that a company has developed about how to make its goods or services; individual employees or groups of employees whose knowledge is deemed critical to a company’s continued success; and its aggregation of documents about processes, customers, research results, and other information that might have value for a competitor that is not common knowledge. Business organizations employ knowledge. To cope with new era of management complexity; the necessity of being Learning Organization, LO is essential for any organizations and enterprises. This paper is aims to review the Intellectual Capital, IC concept among organizations and employees and also the Knowledge sharing barriers in the organization. Generally, this paper looks the IC concept in Management sphere.

  12. Differences between tree species seedling and adult altitudinal distribution in mountain foests during the recent warm period (1986-2006)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lenoir, Jonathan; Gégout, Jean-Claude; Pierrat, Jean-Claude

    2009-01-01

    Spatial fingerprints of climate change on tree species distribution are usually detected at latitudinal or altitudinal extremes (arctic or alpine tree line), where temperatures play a key role in tree species distribution. However, early detection of recent climate change effects on tree species ...

  13. La interdicción lingüística en textos legales educativos (1986-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa María Armenta Moreno

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Prenatal ultrasound screening of congenital heart disease in an unselected national population: a 21-year experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marek, Jan; Tomek, Viktor; Skovránek, Jan; Povysilová, Viera; Samánek, Milan

    2011-01-01

    To determine the prevalence and spectrum of congenital heart disease (CHD) and the impact of a national prenatal ultrasound screening programme on outcome in a well-characterised population. A comprehensive registry was created of all paediatric and fetal patients with CHD over a 21-year period (1986-2006) in the Czech Republic. The centralised healthcare system enabled confirmation of prenatal and postnatal findings clinically and by post mortem. In the entire cohort of 9475 fetuses referred for detailed cardiac evaluation, 1604 (16.9%) had CHD, of which 501 (31.2%) had additional extracardiac anomalies. In the pregnancies which continued, 59 (8.6%) of 685 fetuses died in utero, and 626 (91.4%) babies were born alive. Prenatal detection rate was highest in double outlet right ventricle (77.3%) and hypoplastic left heart (50.6%). Detection rate increased significantly (p<0.001) for 12/17 lesions comparing 1986-1999 and 2000-2006. In recent years, detection of hypoplastic left heart reached 95.8% while transposition of the great arteries was diagnosed antenatally in only 25.6%. The nationwide prenatal ultrasound screening programme enabled detection of major cardiac abnormalities in 1/3 of patients born with any CHD and 80% of those with critical forms. Nevertheless, owing to the severity of lesions and associated extracardiac anomalies, the overall mortality of antenatally diagnosed CHD remains high. These findings are important for the understanding natural history of CHD for the establishing of screening programmes in Europe.

  14. Estratégias de biossegurança dos trabalhadores da saúde no cuidado às pessoas com HIV/AIDS (1986-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Vieira Villarinho

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar as estratégias de biossegurança utilizadas pelos trabalhadores da saúde de um hospital referência em doença infectocontagiosas, no cuidado às pessoas com HIV/AIDS, no período de 1986 a 2006. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo qualitativo com perspectiva sócio-histórica que utilizou a História Oral para a realização de entrevistas com 23 trabalhadores da saúde. Resultados: Apartir da análise de conteúdo de Bardin emergiram duas categorias: Busca pelo conhecimento sobre a AIDS no início da epidemia; e mudança no processo de trabalho: estratégia de biossegurança à minimização do acidente de trabalho. Conclui-se que foi necessário e correto investir na segurança por meio de ações educativas e preventivas que promoveram transformações culturais, que produziram maior simetria entre os trabalhadores da saúde, sobretudo da enfermagem, e enalteceram o cuidado de si, no cuidado às pessoas, independente do seu diagnóstico soropositivo para o HIV.

  15. Agendas de la psicología política prevalecientes en las dos últimas décadas (1986-2006 en Latinoamérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Díaz Gómez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una reflexión teórica sobre lo que han sido las agendas sugeridas para el desarrollo y fortalecimiento de la psicología política latinoamericana en las décadas del ochenta y el noventa, y se propone una nueva agenda que recoja las discusiones temáticas, disciplinares e investigativas que han emergido en lo que va corrido de la década del dos mil y que se vislumbra como su quehacer cercano. Por ello, se discurre sobre los siguientes aspectos: Fortalecimiento de la comunidad académica; presencia formal en la formación de los estudios pregraduales y postgraduales de psicología; creación de mecanismos de difusión de los conocimientos generados; acercamiento de los diferentes horizontes conceptuales sobre lo que es la psicología política; realización de investigaciones que permitan enriquecer el acervo teórico-metodológico; ruptura con los paradigmas tradicionales.

  16. Compulsory for Whom? Mandatory Voting and Electoral Participation in Brazil, 1986-2006 Obrigatório para Quem? Voto Obrigatório e Participação Eleitoral no Brasil, 1986 a 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy J. Power

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Latin America contains roughly half of the world’s countries that use compulsory voting, but this electoral institution has received only limited attention from researchers. This article examines the determinants of voter turnout in the world’s largest electorate subject to mandatory voting, that of Brazil. In analyzing data from six national legislative elections held in Brazil between 1986 and 2006, the study finds that the impact of compulsory laws varies across social and economic groups. From a methodological perspective, the article argues that “compulsoriness” of mandatory voting legislation can be modeled by taking into account both exemptions to the law and the relevance of potential sanctions against non-voters. The issue of enforcement must be considered if we are to develop comprehensive models of electoral participation under conditions of compulsory voting. A América Latina congrega aproximadamente a metade dos paises do mundo que utilizam o voto obrigatório, mas até hoje essa instituição eleitoral tem recebido pouca atenção dos pesquisadores. O presente artigo examina os determinantes da participação eleitoral no maior eleitorado do mundo sujeito ao voto obrigatório, o brasileiro. Ao analisar dados de seis eleições legislativas nacionais entre 1986 e 2006, o estudo mostra que o impacto do voto obrigatório varia entre os grupos sociais e econômicos. Desde uma perspectiva metodológica, o artigo sustenta que a “obrigatoriedade” da legislação eleitoral pode ser modelada, levando-se em conta tanto as isenções à lei como a relevância de potenciais sanções contra os não-participantes. Devemos levar em consideração a questão do enforcement para podermos desenvolver modelos abrangentes de participação eleitoral sob condições de voto obrigatório.

  17. Statistical analysis of major ion and trace element geochemistry of water, 1986-2006, at seven wells transecting the freshwater/saline-water interface of the Edwards Aquifer, San Antonio, Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, Barbara J.

    2008-01-01

    This report by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the San Antonio Water System, describes the results of a statistical analysis of major ion and trace element geochemistry of water at seven wells transecting the freshwater/saline-water interface of the Edwards aquifer in San Antonio, Texas, either over time or in response to variations in hydrologic conditions. The data used in this report were collected during 1986–2006. The seven monitoring wells are screened at different depths in the aquifer at three sites that form a generally north-to-south transect. The three wells of the southern site and the deeper of the two middle-site wells are open to the freshwater/saline-water transition zone, which contains saline water. The shallower well of the middle site and the two wells of the northern site are open to the freshwater zone.

  18. PERCEPÇÃO DOS TRABALHADORES DA SAÚDE ACERCA DA PREVENÇÃO DA EPIDEMIA DA AIDS EM FLORIANÓPOLIS-SC, BRASIL (1986-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Vieira Villarinho

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigación socio-histórica cuyo objetivo fue conocer la percepción de los profesionales de salud de un hospital referencia en enfermedades infecto-contagiosas acerca de la prevención de la epidemia del SIDA de 1986 hasta 2006. Los datos fueron recopilados de marzo a octubre de 2011, utilizando la técnica de historia oral, con veintitrés profesionales de la salud que estuvieron a cargo del cuidado de personas con el síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida durante el período del estudio. Fue utilizado el análisis de contenido descrito por Bardin, del cual surgieron dos categorías: necesidad de estrategias de prevención y falta de uso de preservativos (condones. Los resultados muestran que la percepción de los profesionales de la salud sobre la prevención del SIDA a lo largo de la epidemia fue mala, lo que está relacionado a las fragilidades de los medios de comunicación, a los profesionales de la salud en las acciones de prevención y a la banalización de la prevención por la misma sociedad, al no usar condones en las relaciones sexuales. Concluimos que desconocer la enfermedad tuvo como resultado la lentitud en las aclaraciones y prevención sobre el HIV/SIDA.

  19. Past Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lodge, Oliver

    2012-07-01

    Preface; 1. Ancestry and early days; 2. Schooldays; 3. Relation with other boys at school; 4. Education; 5. Influence of the Royal Institution; 6. Later education in London; 7. Reminiscences of Bedford College; 8. Scientific work and friends in London; 9. Personal retrospect; 10. Romance; 11. Influence of the British Association; 12. Reminiscences of Coopers Hill and assistants and popular lectures; 13. Liverpool; 14. Scientific work at Liverpool; 15. Scientific work at Liverpool (cont.); 16. Scientific work at Liverpool (cont.); 17. Electric waves and the beginnings of wireless; 18. Other friends; 19. Family life; 20. Holidays; 21. Side issues; 22. Early experiences in psychical research; 23. Psychical research; 24. Further psychic adventures, and psycho-physical phenomena; 25. Reminiscences of my years at the university of Birmingham; 26. Birmingham friendships and recollections; 27. Scientific retrospect; 28. Apologia pro vita mea; Index.

  1. 2008: transition year and crucial year!

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2008-01-01

    The year 2008 will be an important, even crucial year for the Organization and its staff. Indeed, the start-up of the LHC will mark the beginning of a fascinating period for the physics community and, more generally, for basic science in Europe and the world. All eyes of this community will be focused on the CERN site in Geneva. It is essential that we are able, all together, to successfully pass this milestone to enter the LHC era, thus crowning over a decade of hard work of all staff concerned.

  2. Happy New Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚婷

    2008-01-01

    As part of the the Chinese New Year celebration, people buy presents, decorations, special foods and new clothing. Railroad stations throughout China are filled with travelers who take their vacation days around New Year to return home for a family

  3. Five Extraordinary Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    THE Hong Kong Special Administrative Regionis now five years old. These have been fiveextraordinary and innovative years, duringwhich the concept of "one country, two sys-tems" advocated by Deng Xiaoping has become a

  4. Western New Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康俊民

    2006-01-01

    @@ There is one-day holiday in most countries on New Year's Day. The real celebrations for New Year happen on the night before-on New Year's Eve. There are several interesting customs in the West, and there are many differences from country to country.

  5. Coronary heart disease mortality among young adults in Scotland in relation to social inequalities:time trend study

    OpenAIRE

    O'Flaherty, Martin; Bishop, Jennifer; Redpath, Adam; McLaughlin, Terry; Murphy, David; Chalmers, James; Capewell, Simon

    2009-01-01

    Objective To examine recent trends and social inequalities in age specific coronary heart disease mortality.Design Time trend analysis using joinpoint regression.Setting Scotland, 1986-2006.Participants Men and women aged 35 years and over.Main outcome measures Age adjusted and age, sex, and deprivation specific coronary heart disease mortality.Results Persistent sixfold social differentials in coronary heart disease mortality were seen between the most deprived and the most affluent groups a...

  6. Yangliuqing New Year Pictures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    HANGING up New Yearpictures during khe SpringFestival to symbolize goodluck in the coming year has longbeen a tradition in China,The pic-tures are both colorful and jubilantin theme and composition so as toattract everything good in the com-ing year and drive away evil.Four main“schools” of folk artdealing with New Year pictures ex-ist.Among the best known is thewoodblocK print from Yangliuqing,

  7. Is Three Years Enough?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waits, Bert K.; Demana, Franklin

    1988-01-01

    Argues that the college preparatory curriculum should include more than three years of mathematics. Presents data indicating that 86 percent of students with less than three years of college preparatory mathematics take remedial mathematics and relatively few students are ready to take calculus when they enter the university. (PK)

  8. Final Year Project Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hubsch, Tristan [Howard University

    2013-06-20

    In the last years of this eighteen-year grant project, the research efforts have focused mostly on the study of off-shell representations of supersymmetry, both on the worldline and on the world- sheet, i.e., both in supersymmetric quantum mechanics and in supersymmetric field theory in 1+1-dimensional spacetime.

  9. One Year Later

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    It has now been one year since the catastrophic 8.0-magnitude earthquake slammed Sichuan Province on May 12, 2008. At 2:28 p.m. on that terrible day, the most destructive calamity to hit China in 60 years struck

  10. 20 Years and Counting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzyk, Raya

    2008-01-01

    In commemoration of the Librarian of the Year Award's 20th anniversary, this article presents brief vignettes on all 19 of the title holders. When "Library Journal" named them Librarians of the Year, these inimitable 19 (for the 20th, Norma Blake, see EJ788676) had singled themselves out as risk takers, visionaries, bulldogs, pragmatists,…

  11. Mathematics year 5 answers

    CERN Document Server

    Alexander, Serena; Poggo, Tammy

    2014-01-01

    Features the complete set of answers to the exercises in Mathematics Year 5, to save you time marking work and enable you to identify areas requiring further attention. The book includes diagrams and workings where necessary, to ensure pupils understand how to present their answers. Also available from Galore Park www.galorepark.co.uk :. - Mathematics Year 5. - Mathematics Year 6. - 11+ Maths Practice Exercises. - 11+ Maths Revision Guide. - 10-Minute Maths Tests Workbook Age 8-10. - 10-Minute Maths Tests Workbook Age 9-11. - Mental Arithmetic Workbook Age 8-10. - Mental Arithmetic Workbook Ag

  12. Year 2000 awareness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holmes, C.

    1997-11-01

    This report contains viewgraphs on the challenges business face with the year 2000 software problem. Estimates, roadmaps, virtual factory software, current awareness, and world wide web references are given.

  13. 60 Years Unforgettable

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>CPAFFC President Li Xiaolin,Former President Chen Haosu and two young staff cutting the cake in celebration of the 60th anniversary of the CPAFFC at a CCTV special program 60 Years Unforgettable on May 16

  14. Happy (Chinese) New Year!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Georgia G.

    1979-01-01

    Suggestions are made for a classroom celebration of Chinese New Year, including discussion of the Chinese calendar and customs, a short list of appropriate children's stories, and food ideas, including a recipe for fortune cookies. (SJL)

  15. Year book Australia 1986

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castles, I. (comp.)

    1986-01-01

    The Year Book is the principal reference work produced by the Central Office of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). It provides a comprehensive and detailed statistical review of all asepcts of the economy and social conditions of Australia. In addition, it contains descriptive matter dealing with Australia's history, geography, physiography, climate and meteorology, government, defence, international relations, culture and environment. The first Official Year Book was published early in 1908. This is the seventieth Year Book issued under the authority of the Commonwealth Government and follows a similar pattern to previous editions. However chapters have been revised and new material has been added. Most of the statistics contained in this volume relate to the years ended June or December 1984 to 1985. More detailed, and in most cases more recent, statistics are available in other ABS publications.

  16. Hve Years and Counting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A war may drag on for months and years. So does the war on terror. Five years have passed since the 9/11 events changed the skyline in New York and the security and political landscape of the world. Since the war on terror was declared, achievements have been made. Afghanistan's Taliban regime was toppled. Saddam Hussein was captured and put on trial. A terrorist plot was foiled in London. But in spite of these triumphs, one cannot help wondering: Has the

  17. 100 years of superconductivity

    CERN Document Server

    Rogalla, Horst

    2011-01-01

    Even a hundred years after its discovery, superconductivity continues to bring us new surprises, from superconducting magnets used in MRI to quantum detectors in electronics. 100 Years of Superconductivity presents a comprehensive collection of topics on nearly all the subdisciplines of superconductivity. Tracing the historical developments in superconductivity, the book includes contributions from many pioneers who are responsible for important steps forward in the field.The text first discusses interesting stories of the discovery and gradual progress of theory and experimentation. Emphasizi

  18. Chinese New Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芳

    2005-01-01

    The Chinese New Year is now known as the Spnng Festival because it starts trom the beginning otspring. Though there are some sayings about its origin (起源), all agree that the word Nian, which inmodern Chinese means “year”, was originally the name of a beast (野兽) that started to eat people thenight before the beginning of a new year.

  19. Years Follow-Up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atooshe Rohani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available   Inroduction: Heart failure (HF is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the cases of Beta-thalassemia major. The purpose of this study was to estimate HF prevalence in these patients and to assess the survivability of those who were treated with intensive chelating therapy.   Design and methods: This cross sectional study included 72 beta-thalassemia major cases, the mean age at the time of referral was 15.7±6.2 years (range 6-35 years and were followed in a prospective 2 year study. A self-reporting symptom questionnaire was administered, a 12-lead ECG was taken and an echocardiography was obtained from all participants. Echocardiography was performed at 6 month intervals or when a new symptom developed. Results: Risk factors (except for iron overload in the study population were hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus. The male to female ratio was0.75.Twelve patients had left ventricular (LV systolic dysfunction and 57,79% had LV diastolic dysfunction whereas 11,15% had RV failure. Fifty-nine (81% patients had cardiac disease of which diastolic dysfunction was the most common manifestation .Those with systolic dysfunction were older at presentation (22 ± 6 years versus 31 ± 4 years; P

  20. Celebrating nine years together

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinico Giuseppe

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Perspectives on Federalism starts off its ninth year with this issue which gathers, as usual, a series of multi-disciplinary pieces. Almost two years have passed since we started our collaboration with De Gruyter, and our journal has since then enjoyed continued growth and has been acquiring international visibility. 2017 is going to be rich in surprises for our readers, with a wealth of interesting projects and special issues which will increase the already high standard of the journal. 2016 was also a very challenging year for scholars interested in federalism; the start of the Trump Presidency and the results of the referendum on Brexit held on 23 June 2016 are just two examples.

  1. Emergent technologies: 25 years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rising, Hawley K.

    2013-03-01

    This paper will talk about the technologies that have been emerging over the 25 years since the Human Vision and Electronic Imaging conference began that the conference has been a part of, and that have been a part of the conference, and will look at those technologies that are emerging today, such as social networks, haptic technologies, and still emerging imaging technologies, and what we might look at for the future.Twenty-five years is a long time, and it is not without difficulty that we remember what was emerging in the late 1980s. Yet to be developed: The first commercial digital still camera was not yet on the market, although there were hand held electronic cameras. Personal computers were not displaying standardized images, and image quality was not something that could be talked about in a standardized fashion, if only because image compression algorithms were not standardized yet for several years hence. Even further away were any standards for movie compression standards, there was no personal computer even on the horizon which could display them. What became an emergent technology and filled many sessions later, image comparison and search, was not possible, nor the current emerging technology of social networks- the world wide web was still several years away. Printer technology was still devising dithers and image size manipulations which would consume many years, as would scanning technology, and image quality for both was a major issue for dithers and Fourier noise.From these humble beginnings to the current moves that are changing computing and the meaning of both electronic devices and human interaction with them, we will see a course through the changing technology that holds some features constant for many years, while others come and go.

  2. Sixty Years of Friendship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu; Gengyin

    2014-01-01

    <正>On December 2,1977,the CPAFFC held a grand reception in the Great Hall of the People to celebrate the 80th birthday of Rewi Alley,an old friend from New Zealand.Comrade Deng Xiaoping attended the reception and declared:"Tens of thousands of foreign friends have devoted themselves to the cause of Chinese revolution.Even so,rare are those like Comrade Rewi Alley,who for 50 years on end has done tremendous work for the Chinese people,in our years of difficulty and

  3. New year, old hat

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Geological Institute; American Institute of Physics; American Associationthe Advancement of Science; Carlowicz, Michael

    It is only August, but October 1 looms large on the calendar. That is the day when the 1997 fiscal year (FY ‧97) begins for the U.S. federal government, and like last year, that day might come without a budget.In a flurry of summer activity, the U.S. Congress has passed several landmark bills on welfare reform, expansion of health coverage for workers between jobs, a raise in the minimum wage, and a Safe Drinking Water Act. The House of Representatives even passed all 13 of its annual appropriations bills before Congress took its August recess.

  4. 60 Years of Impression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DENG Qiwei

    2009-01-01

    @@ It has been 60 years since foundation of the People's Republic of China.These 60 years,China has experienced a huge transformation,from short supply of textile and apparel to nowadays big country of it.Facing the tough time of economic crisis,China's textile and apparel industry has been carrying out adjustment and renovation in time.How to enhance independent and creative capacity,upgrade technology,and improve brands' influence,to explore a new industrialized road and achieve the goal of being a strong country of textile by 2020 as well,it still has a long way to go.

  5. ENLIGHT 10 year Anniversary

    CERN Multimedia

    Alvarez, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Ten years ago, in February 2002, the European Network for Light Ion Hadron Therapy (ENLIGHT) had its inaugural meeting at CERN. As a pioneering multidisciplinary network celebrates its 10th anniversary, some of the founders recall how it all started. Picture 1 : Participants at the 10th anniversary meeting of ENLIGHT at CNAO, Pavia, in September 2012.

  6. Eleventh Year Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchman, Aaron; Zimmerman, Robert

    This outline for Eleventh Year Mathematics in New York adheres closely to the recommendations of The Commission of Mathematics of the College Entrance Examination Board and thus presents a unified development of certain aspects of algebra, trigonometry, and analytic geometry. Its aim is both as a terminal course in mathematics and as a solid…

  7. Fifty years in neonatology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manley, Brett J; Doyle, Lex W; Davies, Mark W; Davis, Peter G

    2015-01-01

    Neonatology, the care and study of newborn infants, is a 'young' specialty. Over the last 50 years, there have been many advances in the way that neonatologists care for newborn infants, particularly those born preterm, leading to dramatic improvements in mortality. To illustrate these advances, we describe four eras in neonatology from the point of view of the junior hospital doctor.

  8. IREDA: ten years on

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sahai, I.M.

    1998-04-01

    The Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency has a ten-year history of promoting small hydro energy sources for many communities beyond the reach of the national grid. Sources of funding for hydro installations in India are mentioned. It is suggested that the expansion of the hydro schemes would benefit from greater co-ordination between central and state governments. (UK)

  9. Affordances: Ten Years On

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Jill P.; Stillman, Gloria

    2014-01-01

    Ten years ago the construct, affordance, was rising in prominence in scholarly literature. A proliferation of different uses and meanings was evident. Beginning with its origin in the work of Gibson, we traced its development and use in various scholarly fields. This paper revisits our original question with respect to its utility in mathematics…

  10. Western New Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康俊民

    2006-01-01

    There is One-day holiday in most countries on New Year's Day.The real celebrations for New Year happen on the night before-on New Year's Eve,There are several interesting customs in the West ,and there are many differences form country to country.

  11. ESO: The CERN Years

    CERN Multimedia

    Schaeffer, A

    2012-01-01

    In 1970, CERN and ESO signed a collaboration agreement for the construction of the Observatory’s first telescope. That same year, ESO’s Telescope Division and Sky Atlas laboratory settled on the CERN site in Meyrin. Let’s turn back to the beginnings of this lasting and fruitful alliance.

  12. Ten Years of CERI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hameyer, Uwe

    1980-01-01

    Reports on the activities of the Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) within the last 10 years and in the future. Topics include mathematics instruction, lifelong learning, environmental education at the university level, inservice and preservice education and education for the handicapped adolescent. (SA)

  13. Creativity: The Early Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shade, Rick; Shade, Patti Garrett

    2016-01-01

    There is a myth that some people are creative and others are not. However, all children are born creative. They love to explore, ask questions, and are incredibly imaginative. Parents are key in nurturing their child's creativity in the early years. This article offers resources and strategies parents can use at different ages and stages (newborn,…

  14. A Tumultuous Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    2011 sees international order in transition amid chaos While the global financial crisis continued to take a toll on societies and politics globally 2011 has been a year of relentless turmoil and chaos. What underlies these waves of turmoil is the labor pains of the birth of a new international order.

  15. 'THE FIVE ACCURSED YEARS'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bryld, Claus

    2007-01-01

    The subject for this paper is the question of how the Second World War has been perceived and used since that war - in Denmark, and especially in recent years, but also with a comparative view to Norway and Sweden. In addition to an outline of the development of public history regarding the war...

  16. 150 years of science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Messina

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This preview of the Festival della Scienza 2011 focuses on a major initiative celebrating 150 years of Italian scientific research. Run jointly by the Italian Research Council (CNR and the Associazione Festival della Scienza, the project presents outstanding achievements in various fields including neuroscience, web technologies, genetics, chemistry and much more.

  17. 7 CFR 932.19 - Crop year and fiscal year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year and fiscal year. 932.19 Section 932.19... Regulating Handling Definitions § 932.19 Crop year and fiscal year. (a) Crop year means the 12-month period... be recommended by the committee and approved by the Secretary. (b) Fiscal year means the...

  18. 60 Years of Impression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    It has been 60 years since foundation of the People’s Republic of China. These 60 years, China has experienced a huge transformation, from short supply of textile and apparel to nowadays big country of it. Facing the tough time of economic crisis, China’s textile and apparel industry has been carrying out adjustment and renovation in time. How to enhance independent and creative capacity, upgrade technology, and improve brands’ influence, to explore a new industrialized road and achieve the goal of being a strong country of textile by 2020 as well, it still has a long way to go.But once we look back the history, we find pride and inspiration of China’s textile industry.

  19. 25 years of service

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    On Thursday 2 December, the Director-General received the 14 staff members who began to work in 1979, CERN's 25th anniversary, and are now themselves celebrating 25 years of service at CERN. Beugnet Claude / AB Bourgeois Georges / AB Goossens Michel / IT Herzog Patrick / IT Jeanneret Jean-Bernard / AB Lacarrère Daniel / TS Mollay Robert / TS Mornacchi Giuseppe / PH Ployer Annie / DSU Remondino Vittorio / AT Stellfeld Donat / AB Taureg Hans / PH Terrier Jean-Pierre / AB Wehrle Urs / AB

  20. Fiscal Year 1982

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    staff continued to serve as referees for various professional journals. Papers were refereed last year for the following: 0 Management Science 0 Journal...1 DRCSM 1 DRCSM-E 1 DRCSM-W 1 DRCSM-I 1 DRC SM-P 1 DRCSM-PM 1 DRCRE 1 DRCCP 1 DRCIS 1 DRCDM 1 DRCDP 1 DRCMS 1 DRCQA Dep Chf of Staff for Logistics

  1. Ten Years of Chandra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisskopf, Martin C.

    2009-01-01

    We celebrated the 10-th anniversary of the Launch of the Chandra X-ray Observatory on July 13, 2009. During these 10 years data from this Great Observatory have had a profound impact on 21st century astrophysics. With its unrivaled capability to produce sub-arcsecond images, the Observatory has enabled astronomers to make new discoveries in topics as diverse as comets and cosmology. We shall review some of the highlights, discuss the current status, and future plans.

  2. JCE: 80 Years New

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, John W.

    2003-01-01

    Participating in the National Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education Digital Library project is an exciting prospect for JCE. We expect to be able to make major contributions to the project and derive major benefits from participating in it. Your help in this important undertaking would be most welcome and greatly appreciated. Help us demonstrate that an 80-year-old can dance to a new tune!

  3. Twenty-Year Reunion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    A massive earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter Scale struck the city of Tangshan at 3:42 a.m. on July 28, 1976. The city, which had history of well over 100 years and a population of over one million people, was left in ruins. The violent earthquake killed 242,469 people, with 164,851 people sustaining injuries, 2,652 children under 16 years of age left as orphans and 885 elderly people as widowers. Some 96 percent of the city’s buildings and houses collapsed, with a direct economic loss of 10 billion yuan. Earthquake tremors spread over a two million square kilometer area, with hundreds of millions people placed in peril by the natural disaster.The Tangshan earthquake set a record as the world’s strongest earthquake of the century. The people of Tangshan have set a new record for the rate of reconstruction accomplished over the past 20 years. The support of the People’s Liberation Army and people across the nation combined with the unyielding efforts of survivors led to the establishment of a new Ta

  4. 2011: What a year!

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2012-01-01

    “What a year it’s been, and what a way to end it. The star of the show has been the LHC, along with its experiments, which have again turned in an Oscar-winning performance. But there has been a strong supporting cast of actors ranging from antimatter to the CLOUD experiment.” This is what the Director-General wrote to us on 20 December in his message with his wishes for the festive season. And, do not forget, the famous hyperfast neutrinos toward Gran Sasso that put CERN on the front of the world stage. These achievements which are the pride and strength of the Organization were made possible “thanks to the hard work of all CERN’s staff,” as noted by the Director-General in his New Year speech of Wednesday, January 11. He reviewed the year 2011 and set out the challenges ahead in 2012 and beyond. The scientific and technological achievements of 2011 are a great satisfaction to the Director-General, his team and all CERN staff. Moreover, despite a...

  5. 40 Years of Discovery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weinstein, B; Heller, A

    2003-07-08

    History is most interesting when seen through the eyes of those who lived it. In this 40th anniversary retrospective of bioscience research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we've asked 19 scientists to share their personal recollections about a major accomplishment in the program's history. We have not tried to create a comprehensive or seamless story. Rather, we've attempted to capture the perspectives of key individuals, each of whom worked on a research program that met significant milestones. We have focused particularly on programs and accomplishments that have shaped the current Biology and Biotechnology Research Program (BBRP). In addition, we have included a timeline of biosciences at LLNL, a history of the directorate that appeared in the Laboratory's magazine, ''Science & Technology Review'', in 2002, and a list of bioscience-related articles that have appeared over the years in ''Science & Technology Review and its predecessor, Energy & Technology Review''. The landscape of biological science today is stunningly different from 40 years ago. When LLNL bioscience began in 1963, we knew about the structure of DNA and that it was the carrier of genetic information. However, it would be another year before scientists would understand how DNA codes for the production of proteins and more than a decade before the earliest DNA sequence would be known. It is sometimes difficult to remember that it was only 15 years ago that the polymerase chain reaction, a synthetic method to amplify pieces of DNA was developed, and that only within the last half-dozen years has sequence data for entire organisms begun to be available. In this publication, we have tried to capture some of the landmark and seminal research history: radiation effects studies, which were a major reason for founding the biological research program, and flow sorting and chromosome painting, which dramatically changed our ability to

  6. 500 years after Columbus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imbach, A

    1992-01-01

    The astonishing range of plants and animals of Central America's 7 countries (Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama) is disappearing, as 60% of its forests have been cut for lumber and firewood as well as for cotton, cattle, or subsistence crops. Up to 5 million Mayans lived sustainably for thousands of years in an area now being destroyed by a few hundred thousand inhabitants. The Spanish colonization that started 500 years ago was concentrated in Panama, Nicaragua, and Guatemala. The majority of the English-speaking country of Belize are descended from the black slave population whose culture spread down the coast to Central America. Panama's service economy is based on the Panama Canal and trade and finance. Costa Rica benefits from a tourist industry based on its natural beauty, however, it also has the highest rate of deforestation and its fast population growth could jeopardize earlier social and economic progress. In El Salvador and Guatemala long periods of civil conflict have taken their toll on the economy and the environment. El Salvador has a mountainous territory and limited natural resources and industrialization, while the best land is in the hands of a few families. Honduras and Nicaragua retain the highest proportion of forest cover of the countries in the region, despite Nicaragua's years of tyranny, then revolution and the Contra war, and Honduras's own turmoils. Belize has achieved some stability, and is now strengthening its Central American links. Its coral reefs and coastal areas offer potential for sustainable development through fishing and tourism. Central American countries face the challenges of their fragile environments and major social problems.

  7. aged over 55 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Knyszyńska

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background . Aging is a physiological process during which a number of adverse and irreversible organ involution changes, leading to a reduction in functional capacity of the body, both in physical and mental terms. The risk of chronic disease and depression increases with age. Objectives . Analysis of body composition and depression in people over 55 years of age with metabolic syndrome. Material and methods . The study group is 157 persons aged 55–69 years (112 women and 45 men. The authors analyzed body composition by electrical bioimpedance analyzer (Jawon IOI 353. In addition to the assessment of depression a questionnaire involving 30-point Geriatric Depression Scale was used. Results . In the study group women scored significantly lower than men on the average values of lean body mass, and an average of 7% higher than the value determining the percentage of body fat. The vast majority (70.7%; n = 111 patients showed no signs of depression. It has been shown that women with major depression had significantly higher mean values of body fat compared to women characterized by the absence or a mild depression. Conclusions . Diagnosis of depression in the elderly may be difficult due to the presence of the “masked depression”. There is a trend indicating the relationship between the prevalence of depressive symptoms and weight and body composition of people over 55 years of age, but in order to verify it the authors need to continue the study on increased number of research groups, perhaps taking into account different environmental factors.

  8. Years of Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    It’s well-known to people who are familiar with China that the grand boom of the country has been achieved through the revolutionary state policy of reform and opening up.This effort has helped the nation break its eco- nomic shackles and escape the grip of poverty. Against all expectations,this initiative was triggered by a group of starv- ing farmers from a small village in Fengyang County,east China’s Anhui Province.In the deep of winter 30 years ago,18 households of the village

  9. Ceremony marking Einstein Year

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Sunday 13th November at 10:00amat Geneva's St. Peter's Cathedral To mark Einstein Year and the importance of the intercultural dialogue of which it forms a part, a religious service will take place on Sunday 13 November at 10 a.m. in St. Peter's Cathedral, to which CERN members and colleagues are warmly welcomed. Pastor Henry Babel, senior minister at the Cathedral, will speak on the theme: 'God in Einstein's Universe'. Diether Blechschmidt will convey a message on behalf of the scientific community.

  10. PAs: Fifty years young.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandel, Ellen D; North, Shannon

    2017-10-01

    The PA profession is 50 years young. Practicing PAs and current students hail from several generational categories ranging from Builders to Generation Z. This article reviews how different generations may have experienced PA program expansion, professional identity, state licensing, and prescription delegation. The authors sampled a cohort of PA program applicants about their views on what evokes optimism and concern for the PA profession. These themes mirror the recently paved professional road, while posing the all-important question: What construction lies on the horizon?

  11. NEW YEAR, NEW JOURNAL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zunqi; Lin

    2013-01-01

    <正>We are excited to release the first issue of High Power Laser Science and Engineering(abbreviated HPLaser)at the beginning of 2013,Year of the Snake in the Chinese calendar.First of all,I would like to give our sincere thanks to those who have contributed to the publishing of the new journal.Since the invention of laser in 1960,the requirements of scientific research have driven the development of high power laser technology.Laser output power continues to increase dramatically through the development of laser technology,and many new research topics are being discovered and created.

  12. Ceremony marking Einstein Year

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Sunday 13th November at 10:00amat Geneva's St. Peter's Cathedral To mark Einstein Year and the importance of the intercultural dialogue of which it forms a part, a religious service will take place on Sunday 13 November at 10 a.m. in St. Peter's Cathedral, to which CERN members and colleagues are warmly welcomed. Pastor Henry Babel, senior minister at the Cathedral, will speak on the theme: 'God in Einstein's Universe'. Diether Blechschmidt will convey a message on behalf of the scientific community.

  13. [Osteology--100 years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Götte, S

    2001-10-01

    As is the case for many other subspecialties of medical science, osteology has developed in tandem with technological progress over the last 100 years. The discover of X-rays made visualization of the skeletal system possible. Progress in surgery and hygiene permitted examination and treatment of bones in vivo. Optical techniques made it possible to gain insight into the microarchitecture of the bone. Chemistry and biochemistry opened the door for pathophysiology and microcellular assessment of the bone so that modern osteology deals with interventions in cellular mechanisms, in particular for the treatment of bone diseases. The realization that the bone represents a dynamic tissue, characterized by processes of generation and degeneration, was decisive. These events have a profound influence on the treatment of osteoporosis. Questions pertaining to osteology have been subject to heightened interdisciplinary debate in the past few years, which is reflected in interdisciplinary associations and co-operative groups, and ultimately the umbrella Society of Osteology. Contemplation of the subject from an interdisciplinary viewpoint shows what a significant and natural role orthopedics plays in research on bone metabolism, but also in the treatment of bone diseases. Interdisciplinary cooperation aids quality control and is also reflected in the formulation of common guidelines for the clinical picture of osteoporosis, which constitutes a major epidemiological disease.

  14. 2010: a decisive year

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2010-01-01

    Salaries, Health Insurance, Pensions The year 2010 will see the LHC reach an energy likely to open a new window on the microscopic world. Furthermore, in 2010, the Organization, in its role as a State, will have to consolidate the social security system of its present, past, and future employees. This means our Pension Fund, which is showing a deficit of two thousand million Swiss francs, and our Health Insurance Scheme, which is also in deficit. The next five-yearly review of our salaries will also end in 2010. During this time of good wishes, let us hope that the level of our salaries and of our health insurance remain attractive in order to attract, retain and motivate the staff of the highest competence needed by CERN to carry out its current and future projects. Adhere to the principles as well On Thursday 17 December, the Staff Association called on you to participate in a gathering in the main building and to sign a petition (see photos). More than 800 of you attended that day, for which we thank...

  15. Twenty Years of KSHV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Chang

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Twenty years ago, Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS was the oncologic counterpart to Winston Churchill’s Russia: a riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma. First described by Moritz Kaposi in 1872, who reported it to be an aggressive skin tumor, KS became known over the next century as a slow-growing tumor of elderly men—in fact, most KS patients were expected to die with the tumor rather than from it. Nevertheless, the course and manifestations of the disease varied widely in different clinical contexts. The puzzle of KS came to the forefront as a harbinger of the AIDS epidemic. The articles in this issue of Viruses recount progress made in understanding Kaposi’s sarcoma herpesvirus (KSHV since its initial description in 1994.

  16. Nebulized therapy. SEPAR year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olveira, Casilda; Muñoz, Ana; Domenech, Adolfo

    2014-12-01

    Inhaled drugs are deposited directly in the respiratory tract. They therefore achieve higher concentrations with faster onset of action and fewer side effects than when used systemically. Nebulized drugs are mainly recommended for patients that require high doses of bronchodilators, when they need to inhale drugs that only exist in this form (antibiotics or dornase alfa) or when they are unable to use other inhalation devices. Technological development in recent years has led to new devices that optimize pulmonary deposits and reduce the time needed for treatment. In this review we focus solely on drugs currently used, or under investigation, for nebulization in adult patients; basically bronchodilators, inhaled steroids, antibiotics, antifungals, mucolytics and others such as anticoagulants, prostanoids and lidocaine. Copyright © 2014 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  17. A Watershed Year Ahead

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jessica Frommer

    2011-01-01

    AS 2011 comes to a close,with its Arab spring revolutions,the Horn of Africa famine and the world economic meltdown,2012must and will be a significant year for the African continent and a great opportunity for its agricultural sector."Everything you know about African agriculture is wrong,"Ralph Van Kaufmann,UniBrain Coordinatorand speaker at the AgriBusiness Forum 2011,held in Johannesburg in October,announced."It is not doing badly:food production per head may have decreased,but total productivity is improving," he said,adding,"it needs to increase further,and post harvest losses reduced,but for that to happen,the private sector needs to get involved."

  18. Normalization Fifty Years Beyond

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonfils, Inge Storgaard; Tøssebro, Jan; Teittinen, Antti

    2012-01-01

    toward larger group homes and congregations, inequality across municipalities, marketization, and new public management, but also an increasing emphasis on consumer rights and the use of the personal assistance scheme in services for people with ID. The authors conclude that diverging trends coexist......, with improvements going together with significant setbacks. They explore the trends from a political science perspective and, in particular, note how they relate to recent shifts in public management and changing drivers of change....... test of the reforms is not what happens during reform years, but after the reform energy decreases and political attention fades. Thus, developments after 2000 are of particular interest. The comparative analysis is based on research reviews in the five Nordic countries. The analysis observed a trend...

  19. Year 2000 commercial issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kratz, M.P.J.; Booth, R.T. [Bennett Jones, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    1998-12-31

    This presentation focused on commercial aspects of the Y2K including: (1) special communication issues, (2) outsourcing transactions, (3) joint ventures and the significance for the oil and gas industry, and (4) contingency planning. Communication issues involve interaction with suppliers and vendors of critical systems, liability for Y2K communications (misrepresentation, defamation, promissory estoppel, statutory liability), securities disclosure (Canadian and US SEC requirements), protected communications, protection for Year 2000 statements. Outsourcing problems highlighted include resistance of suppliers to assume responsibility for Y2K problem remediation, factors which support and negate supplier responsibility, scope of suppliers` obligation, and warranties in respect of third party software. Regarding joint ventures, questions concerning limitations on liability, supply warranties, stand-by arrangements, stockpiling inventory, indemnities, confidentiality, operator compensation versus operator risk, and insurance were raised and addressed. Among contingency planning issues the questions of Y2K legal audit, and disclosure aspects of contingency planning were the featured concerns. figs.

  20. CCDB 13 years on

    CERN Document Server

    Ferran, G

    2000-01-01

    The Computer Centre DataBase (CCDB) has been in operation for over thirteen years. This paper discusses how the project was initiated, the structure of the database and its interfaces and services, and how it has evolved from the time of mainframe computing to today's situation of highly inter-related distributed computer services. The primary CCDB services provided include management of computer services, accounts, e-mail addresses and e-mail routing, resources (such as CPU, disk space) and provision of data for the division's information dissemination tools such as xwho, phone and phonebook. It feeds data to these tools and many other database applications CERN-wide and uses/provides data from/to HR (Human Resources) and Landb (IT networking database).

  1. The Year of the Tiger

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU LIAN

    2010-01-01

    @@ In the Chinese lunar calendar,every year corresponds with an animal.Twelve animals-rat,ox,tiger,rabbit,dragon,snake,horse,sheep,monkey,rooster,dog and pig-make up the zodiac and symbolize different years.The year 2010 is the Year of Hu,or the Year of the Tiger.

  2. Four years of crusade!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adilson Beatriz

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Orbital - The Electronic Journal of Chemistry is entering its 4th year of existence which is a reason to celebrate. A great work has been devoted to preserve a scientific journal of international reputation. This work was not always without mistakes or any trouble. However, these very adversities stimulate additional efforts in order to overcome our errors and, continuing with our serious proposal of editing a journal which scientists from all over the world can submit online their original works manuscripts to be published in peer review and open-access style. Beginning this year, Orbital was classified by the Chemistry Coordination Area on the B5 rank of CAPES Qualis (Brazil and, leveled as B4 by Coordination Areas of Materials and Engineering II. These important details demonstrate that Orbital is progressively attaining the acknowledgment of the Brazilian scientific community. The recognition by CAPES Qualis is crucial as the system evaluates the generation of knowledge in the Brazilian universities and the method by which this same knowledge disseminated to society. Not all these were possible without endeavoring of editors and volunteer assistance of advisors from several national and international institutions. Recently, the young Professors Kleber Thiago de Oliveira (UFSCAR, Grégoire Demetz (USP-RP and Amilcar Machulek Júnior (UFMS have joined us to share the idea and philosophy of Orbital by accepting our invitation to be associated editors. The tasks and challenges are enormous and, we are sure that new participants will support us on the way to achieve indexation in new Databases systems as SCOPUS, ISI and Scielo. Consequently, the international success of this electronic journal will be assured. We sincerely hope that in the academic Brazilian scenario, Orbital can figure as a solid bridge to interchange real creative science that is happening in various locations around the world.

  3. Ten years of PAMELA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spillantini, Piero

    2016-07-01

    Pamela experiment has been designed as a cosmic ray observatory at 1 AU, dedicated to the precise and high statistics study of CR fluxes on a three decades energy range, form a few tens MeV up to several hundred GeV region. It is the last step of the 'Russian-Italian Mission' (RIM) program born in 1992 between several Italian and Russian institutes and with the participation of the Royal Institute of Technology of Stockholm (Sweden) and the Siegen University (German). Launched the 16 June 2006 from Baikonur cosmodrome on board of the Resurs-DK1 Russian satellite by a Soyuz rocket in an elliptical (350-610 km) quasi polar orbit (70° inclination) it was activated on 21 June 2006, afterword has been in a continuous data taking mode for ten years. The Pamela program pays particular attention to the study of particles (protons and electrons) and antiparticles (antiprotons and positrons) energy spectra. It also includes search for possible signals of dark matter annihilation, search for primordial antimatter (antihelium), search for new Matter in the Universe (Strangelets?), study of cosmic-ray propagation, solar physics and solar modulation, terrestrial magnetosphere. This program is made possible thanks to the outstanding performance of the instrument, the low energy threshold, the quasi-polar orbit, the 10 years duration of the observation. Protons and helium nuclei are the most abundant components of the cosmic radiation and the precise measurements of their fluxes allow understanding the acceleration and propagation of cosmic rays in the Galaxy. Their spectral shapes cannot be well described by a single power law: at 230-240 GV they exhibit an abrupt spectral hardening. They challenge the current paradigm of cosmic-ray acceleration in supernova remnants followed by diffusive propagation in the Galaxy. Of paramount importance is the discover of the anomalous increase of the positron flux at energies higher that 50 GeV (the so called 'Pamela anomaly'). The review of

  4. EDITORIAL: Happy New Year!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xue-ming

    2006-02-01

    As many of you are aware that Chinese science is at the crucial stage of development. We are now seeing more and more high quality works being produced by Chinese scientists working in China. However, high quality scientific works are rarely published in Chinese scientific journals so far. Therefore, the development of scientific journals publishing in China now becomes a more and more important indication of the science development in China. In the development of the chemical physics research field in China, the Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics (CJCP) has made significant contributions in the past 18 years. Since CJCP is primarily a Journal published in Chinese previously, its impact in the international scientific community has been quite limited. At this moment, we believe CJCP should increase its impact in the international community. We believe that making CJCP an English journal is a crucial step to increase its influence internationally. Therefore, upon the recommendation of senior editorial members, we now change CJCP into an full English journal from this issue on. We have also formed a high quality editorial board to help the editorial matters in CJCP, and a prestigious advisory board to advise us of the future development. I am very honored to be selected as the new Editor-in-Chief for the next four years. I hope by the end of my term, the impact of this journal is significantly improved through the efforts of our editorial team. Building a high quality scientific journal is not an easy task. I hope that every member of our chemical physics community can provide strong support to this journal by sending your high quality research papers in the future. We are also thinking about adding new sections of this journal to attract more readers. With the support of our community, I am confident that we can make this journal a more successful one. Here, I want to take this opportunity to thank the great leadership provided by the Editor-in-Chief since the

  5. Yusho: 43 years later

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takesumi Yoshimura

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to describe recent issues with Yusho disease in Japan, describe the state of dioxin accumulation and the intake of dioxin via food in Japan, and introduce the Japan Environment and Children's Study. Yusho disease manifested in western Japan in 1968. The causes of Yusho are believed to be dioxin-related compounds, mainly polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs, via the ingestion of rice oil produced in February 1968. As of March 31, 2011, there were 1961 registered Yusho cases, but of these 539 are deceased. A retrospective cohort study on registered Yusho cases reported that the standardized mortality ratios (SMRs for the major causes of death were not significantly elevated, with the exception of all-cancer (SMR=1.26; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03–1.53 and lung cancer mortality (SMR=1.56; 95% CI: 1.03–2.27 in males. The results of the Yusho mortality study show that the SMR for liver cancer in males tends to decrease over time. In 2011, the Ministry of the Environment of Japan reported that the average concentration of dioxins in the blood (2002–2010 of the Japanese people was 19 pg-TEQ/g-fat, demonstrating a range of 0.10–130 pg-TEQ/g-fat, and that the average dioxin intake from food (2002–2010 was 0.82 pg-TEQ/kg-body weight/day, demonstrating a range of 0.031–6.2 pg-TEQ/kg-body weight/day according to 2006 WHO TEFs. The Japan Environment and Children's Study Project was launched in 2011 and is supported by the Ministry of the Environment of Japan. In this project, 100,000 mother and child pairs will be recruited over 3 years from designated study areas. Follow-up examinations will be carried out from pregnancy until the children are 13 years of age (a so-called birth-cohort study. This project will be implemented by the National Center at the National Institute for Environmental Studies and is supported by the Medical Support Center at the National Center for

  6. ICTP celebrates 50 years

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    CERN is not the only scientific organisation to be celebrating a significant anniversary in 2014. Earlier this year, ESA turned 50, and last week it was the turn of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, ICTP, to blow out its 50 candles. I had the pleasure to be there for the occasion, and to take part in the first day of a four-day scientific celebration in which the true value of ICTP came to the fore.   Nobel Prize winning Pakistani physicist Abdus Salam established the ICTP in 1964, and went on to become its first director. The Centre’s mission was and remains to foster the development of international scientific cooperation and to promote scientific excellence with an emphasis on the developing world. Established outside Trieste, Italy, and operated under a tripartite agreement between the Italian government, the IAEA and UNESCO, the ICTP has proven itself true to that mandate and become a driving force for advancing scientific expertise around the globe....

  7. More Years Better Lives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fristrup, Tine

    2014-01-01

    Demographic change is changing the shape of Europe. Rising life expectancy, combined with low fertility rates and complex patterns of migration, mean that while the size of the population remains stable, its distribution and average age is rising steadily. At the same time general health is impro......Demographic change is changing the shape of Europe. Rising life expectancy, combined with low fertility rates and complex patterns of migration, mean that while the size of the population remains stable, its distribution and average age is rising steadily. At the same time general health...... is improving, so that today’s 65-year-olds are likely to be healthier and more active than their parents were at the same age, and the proportion of people aged over 80 is rising rapidly. As a result, for the first time in history, a substantial – and growing – proportion of the population is healthy...... and active but not in the workforce. Demographic change is caused by three factors: rising life expectancy, an upward trend which has been consistent for over a century; low fertility rates, which vary between countries, but are overall below replacement rate; and migration, within Europe itself and between...

  8. 25 years - Happy Birthday!

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2011-01-01

    The nasty PC virus turned twenty-five years this month. The very first computer virus ever was created in January 1986. Dubbed "©Brain", this virus was aiming to infect DOS-based PCs. While this instance was relatively harmless and their creators claim sincere intentions, the world has changed since then. Today's viruses and worms are malign and aim for making profit. They attack now everything connected to a network: Windows PCs, but also Linux PCs and Macs; iPhones and other mobile devices; directly the operating system, but also applications like Adobe Reader (PDF), Firefox, ... Thus, protect your computers from viruses and malware. Any unprotected computer connected to the Internet is likely to be infected within minutes! Keep your system up to date. Enable the regular automatic installation of updates/patches. If you can, use operating systems managed by CERN’s IT department; Use anti-virus software. The CERN anti-virus solution is even free for your home an...

  9. Twenty years of dendrotoxins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, A L

    2001-01-01

    Dendrotoxins are small proteins that were isolated 20 years ago from mamba (Dendroaspis) snake venoms (Harvey, A.L., Karlsson, E., 1980. Dendrotoxin from the venom of the green mamba, Dendroaspis angusticeps: a neurotoxin that enhances acetylcholine release at neuromuscular junctions. Naunyn-Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol. 312, 1-6.). Subsequently, a family of related proteins was found in mamba venoms and shown to be homologous to Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitors, such as aprotinin. The dendrotoxins contain 57-60 amino acid residues cross-linked by three disulphide bridges. The dendrotoxins have little or no anti-protease activity, but they were demonstrated to block particular subtypes of voltage-dependent potassium channels in neurons. Studies with cloned K(+) channels indicate that alpha-dendrotoxin from green mamba Dendroaspis angusticeps blocks Kv1.1, Kv1.2 and Kv1.6 channels in the nanomolar range, whereas toxin K from the black mamba Dendroaspis polylepis preferentially blocks Kv1.1 channels. Structural analogues of dendrotoxins have helped to define the molecular recognition properties of different types of K(+) channels, and radiolabelled dendrotoxins have also been useful in helping to discover toxins from other sources that bind to K(+) channels. Because dendrotoxins are useful markers of subtypes of K(+) channels in vivo, dendrotoxins have become widely used as probes for studying the function of K(+) channels in physiology and pathophysiology.

  10. 50 years ago...

    CERN Multimedia

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2010-01-01

    After completing her university studies in Italy, where it was not all that rare to come across female physicists, Maria Fidecaro arrived at CERN in 1956. Although men were certainly in the majority, they were all just colleagues and gender was irrelevant.    Giuseppe and Maria Fidecaro in 1963, surrounded by spark chambers, inside the detector for the experiment on the decay of a rho meson into a pi meson and a photon. Maria Fidecaro is no stranger to CERN and the field of research, having watched them develop over many years. "In the early days we worked in small teams of no more than two or three people", she recalls. "As in Italy, I was not the only woman involved in research at CERN. Men and women alike, our common goal was to understand physics and conduct experiments." Clearly, juggling an exciting job and looking after a family of four children didn't make for an easy life. "At that time society was different and there were few cr&...

  11. The Year of the Rabbit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Every year of the Chinese lunar calendar corresponds with an animal. The rat,ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse,sheep, monkey, rooster, dog and pig make up the Chinese zodiac, which repeats in a12-year cycle. This year’s Chinese NewYear rings in the Year of the Rabbit.

  12. YEAR 2 BIOMASS UTILIZATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christopher J. Zygarlicke

    2004-11-01

    This Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) Year 2 Biomass Utilization Final Technical Report summarizes multiple projects in biopower or bioenergy, transportation biofuels, and bioproducts. A prototype of a novel advanced power system, termed the high-temperature air furnace (HITAF), was tested for performance while converting biomass and coal blends to energy. Three biomass fuels--wood residue or hog fuel, corn stover, and switchgrass--and Wyoming subbituminous coal were acquired for combustion tests in the 3-million-Btu/hr system. Blend levels were 20% biomass--80% coal on a heat basis. Hog fuel was prepared for the upcoming combustion test by air-drying and processing through a hammer mill and screen. A K-Tron biomass feeder capable of operating in both gravimetric and volumetric modes was selected as the HITAF feed system. Two oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS) alloys that would be used in the HITAF high-temperature heat exchanger were tested for slag corrosion rates. An alumina layer formed on one particular alloy, which was more corrosion-resistant than a chromia layer that formed on the other alloy. Research activities were completed in the development of an atmospheric pressure, fluidized-bed pyrolysis-type system called the controlled spontaneous reactor (CSR), which is used to process and condition biomass. Tree trimmings were physically and chemically altered by the CSR process, resulting in a fuel that was very suitable for feeding into a coal combustion or gasification system with little or no feed system modifications required. Experimental procedures were successful for producing hydrogen from biomass using the bacteria Thermotoga, a deep-ocean thermal vent organism. Analytical procedures for hydrogen were evaluated, a gas chromatography (GC) method was derived for measuring hydrogen yields, and adaptation culturing and protocols for mutagenesis were initiated to better develop strains that can use biomass cellulose. Fly ash derived from

  13. YEAR 2 BIOMASS UTILIZATION

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christopher J. Zygarlicke

    2004-11-01

    This Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) Year 2 Biomass Utilization Final Technical Report summarizes multiple projects in biopower or bioenergy, transportation biofuels, and bioproducts. A prototype of a novel advanced power system, termed the high-temperature air furnace (HITAF), was tested for performance while converting biomass and coal blends to energy. Three biomass fuels--wood residue or hog fuel, corn stover, and switchgrass--and Wyoming subbituminous coal were acquired for combustion tests in the 3-million-Btu/hr system. Blend levels were 20% biomass--80% coal on a heat basis. Hog fuel was prepared for the upcoming combustion test by air-drying and processing through a hammer mill and screen. A K-Tron biomass feeder capable of operating in both gravimetric and volumetric modes was selected as the HITAF feed system. Two oxide dispersion-strengthened (ODS) alloys that would be used in the HITAF high-temperature heat exchanger were tested for slag corrosion rates. An alumina layer formed on one particular alloy, which was more corrosion-resistant than a chromia layer that formed on the other alloy. Research activities were completed in the development of an atmospheric pressure, fluidized-bed pyrolysis-type system called the controlled spontaneous reactor (CSR), which is used to process and condition biomass. Tree trimmings were physically and chemically altered by the CSR process, resulting in a fuel that was very suitable for feeding into a coal combustion or gasification system with little or no feed system modifications required. Experimental procedures were successful for producing hydrogen from biomass using the bacteria Thermotoga, a deep-ocean thermal vent organism. Analytical procedures for hydrogen were evaluated, a gas chromatography (GC) method was derived for measuring hydrogen yields, and adaptation culturing and protocols for mutagenesis were initiated to better develop strains that can use biomass cellulose. Fly ash derived from

  14. Fleet Compliance Annual Report: Model Year 2015, Fiscal Year 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2016-12-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) regulates covered state government and alternative fuel provider fleets, pursuant to the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct), as amended. This report details compliance for model year 2015, fiscal year 2016.

  15. A Different New Year: Chinese New Year, Teacher's Handbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Joe

    This booklet provides: (1) background information on the traditional celebration of the Chinese New Year and on the Chinese New Year Festival as celebrated in the United States; (2) a three day lesson plan which focuses, respectively, on the Chinese New Year Festival in San Francisco, a field trip to San Francisco's Chinatown, and the Chinese…

  16. The Year of the Rat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Do you know what your Chinese sign of the zodiac is? According to the Chinese lunar calendar,every year corre- sponds to one of twelve animals(rat,ox,tiger,rabbit,dragon, snake,horse,sheep,monkey,rooster,dog and pig)and these animals are used to identify years. After the Lunar New Year in 2008 we enter the rat year. All those born in 1996,1984,1972.1960,1948,1936 or 1924, also have a rat as their sign.

  17. Neutron capture therapy: Years of experimentation---Years of reflection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farr, L.E.

    1991-12-16

    This report describes early research on neutron capture therapy over a number of years, beginning in 1950, speaking briefly of patient treatments but dwelling mostly on interpretations of our animal experiments. This work carried out over eighteen years, beginning over forty years ago. Yet, it is only fitting to start by relating how neutron capture therapy became part of Brookhaven`s Medical Research Center program.

  18. Neutron capture therapy: Years of experimentation---Years of reflection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farr, L.E.

    1991-12-16

    This report describes early research on neutron capture therapy over a number of years, beginning in 1950, speaking briefly of patient treatments but dwelling mostly on interpretations of our animal experiments. This work carried out over eighteen years, beginning over forty years ago. Yet, it is only fitting to start by relating how neutron capture therapy became part of Brookhaven's Medical Research Center program.

  19. Five-Year Strategic Plan: Fiscal Years 2011-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the U.S. Department of Education (Department) Office of Inspector General (OIG) Strategic Plan for fiscal years 2011 through 2015. This plan describes the focus and direction of OIG's operations over the next five years, establishes its organizational goals, and outlines the strategies it will employ to reach those goals and…

  20. New Year,New Vacations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A new system for time off work will be implemented across China in 2008 China’s new vacation system came into force on January 1,2008,of- fering all employees paid time off as long as they remain in the same company for more than one year. The length of the paid vacation varies ac- cording to how long the employee has been with the company.From one to 10 years entities employees to five days of paid vaca- tion a year,10 to 20 years entitles them to

  1. Lasers: The next fifty years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kärtner, Franz; Pollnau, Markus; Ueda, Ken-ichi; van Driel, Henry

    This year marks the 50th anniversary of the laser — the first coherent radiation source in the optical domain. This anniversary of this historic development is being celebrated this year through “Laserfest‿ in which the Optical Society is a major partner. The laser enabled a straightforward

  2. Fifty years of polymer science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prez, Du Filip; Hoogenboom, Richard; Klumperman, Bert; Meier, Michael; Monteiro, Michael; Müller, Alejandro; Vancso, Julius

    2015-01-01

    The European Polymer Journal (EPJ) has been serving the scientific community for 50 years, which makes it one of the older macromolecular journals with a broad focus. Since its launch 50 years ago, EPJ has provided a distinguished forum for publications in polymer research, including chemistry, phys

  3. Outlook: The Next Twenty Years

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murayama, Hitoshi

    2003-12-07

    I present an outlook for the next twenty years in particle physics. I start with the big questions in our field, broken down into four categories: horizontal, vertical, heaven, and hell. Then I discuss how we attack the bigquestions in each category during the next twenty years. I argue for a synergy between many different approaches taken in our field.

  4. The Year of the Tiger

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙舫南

    1998-01-01

    According to Chinese Lunar Canlendar 1998 is the Year of the Tiger. In the end of 1997, people began to talk about the coming year. Everything about tiger was already becoming popular. The public propaganda Organs such as IV states, radio stations and newspapers were the first to guide the public’s attentions to "Tigers". It was no longer a strange

  5. 2004:A YEAR of INNOVATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Reporter: What can you tell us about Cologne’s exhibition industry in 2004? Witt:For Koelnmesse. 2004 was a year of innovations. Throughout the year, our company significantly expanded its portfolio of trade fairs in Germany and abroad. It celebrated the premieres of 17 new fairs, including Sweets China in Shanghai, InterSource Hardware Asia in Hong Kong and interzum guangzhou.

  6. Project LIFT: Year Two Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Michael; Piccinino, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    Research for Action (RFA) has completed its second year of a five-year external evaluation of the Project Leadership and Investment for Transformation (LIFT) Initiative in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School District (CMS). Project LIFT is a public-private partnership between CMS and the local philanthropic and business communities in Charlotte,…

  7. Project LIFT: Year 1 Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Michael; Piccinino, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    Research for Action (RFA) is currently in the second year of a five-year external evaluation of the Project Leadership and Investment for Transformation (LIFT) Initiative in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School District (CMS). Project LIFT is a public-private partnership between CMS and the local philanthropic and business communities in Charlotte,…

  8. Lasers: The next fifty years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kärtner, Franz; Pollnau, Markus; Ueda, Ken-ichi; Driel, van Henry

    2010-01-01

    This year marks the 50th anniversary of the laser — the first coherent radiation source in the optical domain. This anniversary of this historic development is being celebrated this year through “Laserfest” in which the Optical Society is a major partner. The laser enabled a straightforward extensio

  9. Denmark and the gap year

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katznelson, Noemi; Juul, Tilde Mette

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes three different educational offers to young people: “The Folk High School”, “The ‘After-school’” and 10th class. All can be considered optional Gap Years. The following diagram shows how the Danish education system is structured. The Folk High School is a training course...... of varying duration (approximately between 12 weeks and 1 year) where one lives at the school. It is primarily located after 12 school year. The ‘After-school’ is a special school structure, were the students also live at the school during their 8th, 9th, or 10th years of primary school. 10th Class...... is a voluntary school year extension of primary school. All three types of schools will be described in more detail in this paper....

  10. Tough Year Ahead for Steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    REN WEI

    2006-01-01

    @@ The steel industry, a top beneficiary of the country's sizzling economic growth, is this year likely to see only a meager profit or even report losses, according to a report by the National Development and Reform Commission. Mounting demand for steel in real estate construction and auto making during the past years resulted in an investment craze into the sector, and has caused a glut on the market. Average steel prices fell by a third last year, though domestic steel makers still managed to post a profit of 127.4 billion yuan (US$15.9 billion) on aggregate.

  11. Ten years of archival science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ketelaar, E.

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews how the journal Archival Science--International Journal on Recorded Information in the first 10 years has endeavoured to be integrated, interdisciplinary, and intercultural in promoting the development of archival science as an autonomous scientific discipline.

  12. Spending Disclosure - Fiscal Year 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — The purpose of this Spending Disclosure Fiscal Year 12 dataset is to allow the public to search and view summary information on payments made to recipients (referred...

  13. Social Development: 1 Year Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Social Development: 1 Year Olds Page Content Article Body ... will develop a very specific image of his social world, friends, and acquaintances. He is at its ...

  14. Ten years of archival science

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Ketelaar

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews how the journal Archival Science--International Journal on Recorded Information in the first 10 years has endeavoured to be integrated, interdisciplinary, and intercultural in promoting the development of archival science as an autonomous scientific discipline.

  15. Communications satellites - The experimental years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edelson, B. I.

    1983-10-01

    Only eight years after the launc of Sputnik-1 by the Soviet Union, the first commercial satellite, 'Early Bird', entered service. In just twelve years commercial satellite service extended around the earth and became profitable. The reasons for the successful development of the communications satellite services in a comparatively short time are considered. These reasons are related to the presence of three ingredients, taking into account technology to create the system, communications requirements to form a market, and a management structure to implement the system. The formation of the concept of using earth orbiting satellites for telecommunications is discussed. It is pointed out that the years from 1958 to 1964 were the true 'experimental years' for satellite communications. The rapid development of technology during this crucial period is described, giving attention to passive satellites, active systems, and development satellites.

  16. Accountability report - fiscal year 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-01

    This document contains the US NRC`s accountability report for fiscal year 1997. Topics include uses of funds, financial condition, program performance, management accountability, and the audited financial statement.

  17. Language Development: 2 Year Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Language Development: 2 Year Olds Page Content Article Body Your ... At this time, there’s more variation in language development than in any other area. While some preschoolers ...

  18. Annual Report Fiscal Year 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    Director for Supply and Distribution, DRC >-M-S PROJECT OFFICER: Alan J. Kaplan/Arthur Hutchison ABSTRACT: A significant number of CCSS transactions...the same reason. Other Professional Activities Mr. Kaplan continued as a referee for INFOR and refereed one paper during the year. Mr. Kruse is now a... referee for Operations Research and Management Science and refereed one paper for each during the year. Mr. Rosenman gave what seems to be his annual

  19. Outlook for the New Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    "The global economic recovery that is now underway will slow later this year as the impact of fiscal stimulus wanes. Financial markets remain troubled and private sector demand lags amid high unemployment," according to a new report released by the World Bank in January. As it forecasts, the global economic regions would witness a growing GDP in the year of 2010 to some extent; however, they would still weather several unstable influential elements.

  20. Shared Year Exchange in Nursing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsegaard, Helle Wendner; Wederkinck, Elisabeth

    2010-01-01

    Beskrivelse af Shared Year Exchange in Nursing, et udviklingsporjekt omhandlende udvikling, beskrivelse og implementering af et fælles studieår for sygeplejerskestuderende ved Metropol og La Trobe University Australien.......Beskrivelse af Shared Year Exchange in Nursing, et udviklingsporjekt omhandlende udvikling, beskrivelse og implementering af et fælles studieår for sygeplejerskestuderende ved Metropol og La Trobe University Australien....

  1. An international biodiversity observation year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wall; Adams; Mooney; Boxshall; Dobson; Nakashizuka

    2001-01-01

    The International Geophysical Year (IGY), which took place between July 1957 and December 1958, helped us to rethink the world. At a time when there was a major paradigm shift in our understanding of the physical world, the international collaboration of the IGY helped to reset the discipline. The International Biodiversity Observation Year (IBOY) is now occurring at a time when our dependence on, and understanding of, biodiversity is being acknowledged as a paradigm shift in our present view of the world. Although the benefits of IGY were initially intellectual with practical effects remaining unknown until many years later, the benefits of greater knowledge of biodiversity will support efforts towards sustainability and affect the quality of life, both now and in the future. By providing the framework for international collaborations between scientists involved in every aspect of life on Earth, IBOY has the potential to redefine our current understanding of biodiversity in a manner similar to how IGY helped redefine the geophysical world.

  2. [SOS-repair--60 years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zavil'gel'skiĭ, G B

    2013-01-01

    This review integrates 60 years of research on SOS-repair and SOS-mutagenesis in procaryotes and eucaryotes, from Jean Weigle experiment in 1953 year (mutagenesis of lambda bacteriophage in UV-irradiated bacteria) to the latest achievements in studying SOS-mutagenesis on all living organisms--Eukarya, Archaea and Bacteria. A key role in establishing of a biochemical basis for SOS-mutagenesis belonges to the finding in 1998-1999 years that specific error-prone DNA polymerases (PolV and others) catalysed translesion synthesis on damaged DNA. This review focuses on recent studies addressing the new models for SOS-induced mutagenesis in Escherichia coli and Home sapiens cells.

  3. 50 years CERN Courier Celebration

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    The 50th anniversary of the first publication of the CERN Courier provided the opportunity for a modest celebration on 2 September 2009. All six of the principal editors that the magazine has had over its 50-years history met together for the first time. After getting acquainted and reacquainted over lunch, they gathered in the library at CERN to answer questions about the production of the magazine over the years. From left to right, from the present editor to the first one: Christine Sutton, James Gillies, Gordon Fraser, Brian Southworth, Alec Hester and Roger Anthoine.

  4. NUSTAR – The teenage years

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herlert, Alexander, E-mail: alexander.herlert@fair-center.eu [FAIR GmbH (Germany)

    2017-11-15

    The “NUclear STructure, Astrophysics and Reactions” (NUSTAR) Collaboration was formed at the end of 2003. More than ten years later, a good fraction of the envisaged experimental equipment has been successfully developed and constructed. While the NUSTAR community is looking forward to the start of the civil construction for the new FAIR facility, existing NUSTAR equipment is tested and operated at radioactive ion beam facilities worldwide. The status of the project is briefly described at the stage when it enters the teenage years.

  5. Small Pictures, Big New Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The Spring Festival, China's traditional lunar new year,has a history of a thousand more years, in the meantime, the influence of its cultural and tradition has beenglobally appreciated, for instance, in America, Briton,Australia, New Zealand, the Asian countries, etc., wherever the Chinese people live, the sounds of the Chinese gongs and drums of the Spring Festival celebration can be heard. Why? Because it is hard to find any history or culture of a nation or a nationality in the world can be compared with China's Spring Festival.

  6. Small Pictures, Big New Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      The Spring Festival, China's traditional lunar new year,has a history of a thousand more years, in the meantime, the influence of its cultural and tradition has beenglobally appreciated, for instance, in America, Briton,Australia, New Zealand, the Asian countries, etc., wherever the Chinese people live, the sounds of the Chinese gongs and drums of the Spring Festival celebration can be heard. Why? Because it is hard to find any history or culture of a nation or a nationality in the world can be compared with China's Spring Festival.……

  7. The year of tough decisions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Aleksandrovich Ilyin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The third year of V.V. Putin’s Presidency, his current third political cycle, is coming to an end. It was a year of tough decisions, and this was what the President pointed out in his annual Address to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation on December 4. Delivering his Address, V.V. Putin noted that in 2014 Russia faced trials that only a mature and united nation and a truly sovereign and strong state can withstand

  8. 40 years of formal methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørner, Dines; Havelund, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    In this "40 years of formal methods" essay we shall first delineate, Sect. 1, what we mean by method, formal method, computer science, computing science, software engineering, and model-oriented and algebraic methods. Based on this, we shall characterize a spectrum from specification-oriented met......In this "40 years of formal methods" essay we shall first delineate, Sect. 1, what we mean by method, formal method, computer science, computing science, software engineering, and model-oriented and algebraic methods. Based on this, we shall characterize a spectrum from specification...

  9. Ten Thousand Years of Solitude

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benford, G. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA) California Univ., Irvine, CA (USA). Dept. of Physics); Kirkwood, C.W. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA) Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (USA). Coll. of Business Administration); Harry, O. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Pasqualetti, M.J. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA) Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (USA))

    1991-03-01

    This report documents the authors work as an expert team advising the US Department of Energy on modes of inadvertent intrusion over the next 10,000 years into the Waste Isolation Pilot Project (WIPP) nuclear waste repository. Credible types of potential future accidental intrusion into the WIPP are estimated as a basis for creating warning markers to prevent inadvertent intrusion. A six-step process is used to structure possible scenarios for such intrusion, and it is concluded that the probability of inadvertent intrusion into the WIPP repository over the next ten thousand years lies between one and twenty-five percent. 3 figs., 5 tabs.

  10. 70 years of woody plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leverenz, Jerry

    2006-01-01

    On 16 May the Arboretum in Hørsholm celebrates its 70th anniversary. There will be offering guided tours in the evening at 6.30 p.m.. Furthermore, the Arboretum is using the anniversary year to increase public knowledge of the Arboretum and of KVL....

  11. 2007: A Year In Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The most high-profile story of the year touching the higher education community was undisputedly the killings at Virginia Tech in April when student Seung-Hui Cho opened fire, leaving 33 people dead, including himself. To date, it is the deadliest campus shooting in U.S. history. However, in September, the Delaware State University (DSU) community…

  12. 100 Years of Chinese Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG ZHIPING

    2010-01-01

    @@ This year marks the 100th anniversary of the foundation of the Department of Chinese Language and Literature (DOCLL) of Peking University. On March 31, 1910, the Imperial Capital University (the predecessor of today's Peking University) was estab-lished, with a Chinese literature school as an independent teaching unit.

  13. 100 Years of Chinese Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This year marks the 100th anniversary of the foundation of the Department of Chinese Language and Literature (DOCLL) of Peking University. On March 31,1910,the Imperial Capital University (the predecessor of today’s Peking University) was established,with a Chinese literature school as an independent teaching unit.

  14. FEMP Year in Review 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2009-12-01

    In 2009, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)undertook an ambitious reorganization of its program structure to be more responsive to the needs of its Federal agency customers. In this Year in Review 2009, you will learn more about FEMP achievements under its new program areas.

  15. Language Development: 1 Year Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Language Development: 1 Year Olds Page Content Article Body ... assured, it’s not your imagination. He’s developing his language and comprehension skills right on schedule. This giant ...

  16. My year as a Fulbrighter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandler, Kate

    2016-07-09

    In August 2015 Kate Chandler left London to embark on a masters degree in global policymaking as a Fulbright Scholar, studying first at New York University and then at University College London. As her year as a scholar draws to a close, Kate took time out from working on her dissertation to write for Vet Record Careers.

  17. Annual Report - Fiscal Year 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-12-01

    SPONSOR: DARCOM Directorate for Materiel Management kssociate Director for Maintenance, DRC MM-M PROJECT OFFICER: Donald A. Orr INITIATION/PROGRAMmeD...information on on-going research is expected to continue. Alan Kaplan continued as referee for MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, refereeing two articles during the year. Mr

  18. 30 Years of Archaeological Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China’s archaeology has achieved remarkable outcomes during the 30 years after the carrying out of the reform and opening up policy. In theoretical research, various archaeological theories and genres have been introduced to China, which have influenced the development of the archaeology of China.

  19. 100 Years of General Relativity

    CERN Document Server

    Ellis, George F R

    2015-01-01

    This is Chapter 1 in the book General Relativity and Gravitation: A Centennial Perspective, Edited by Abhay Ashtekar (Editor in Chief), Beverly Berger, James Isenberg, Malcolm MacCallum. Publisher: Cambridge University Press (June, 2015). It gives a survey of themes that have been developed during the 100 years of progress in general relativity theory.

  20. Social Development:: 2 Year Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Healthy Living Healthy Living Healthy Living Nutrition Fitness Sports Oral Health Emotional Wellness Growing Healthy Sleep Safety & ... to such reasoning. Because your two-year-old’s behavior seems only ... time. Highly active, aggressive children who push and shove usually are just ...

  1. Hubble 15 years of discovery

    CERN Document Server

    Lindberg Christensen, Lars; Kornmesser, M

    2006-01-01

    Hubble: 15 Years of Discovery was a key element of the European Space Agency's 15th anniversary celebration activities for the 1990 launch of the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. As an observatory in space, Hubble is one of the most successful scientific projects of all time, both in terms of scientific output and its immediate public appeal.

  2. The Year of the Pond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinshaw, Craig

    2010-01-01

    Water gardens became popular in China during the Tang Dynasty and goldfish were domesticated more than 1000 years ago. Beyond being beautiful and tranquil, water gardens have the potential for much learning in an educational setting, especially for learning through art. In this article, the author shares how he collaborated with another teacher in…

  3. A Ten-Year Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillip, Cyndi

    2016-01-01

    Five initiatives launched during Cyndi Phillip's term as American Association of School Librarians (AASL) President (2006-2007) continue to have an impact on school librarians ten years later. They include the rewriting of AASL's learning standards, introduction of the SKILLS Act, the presentation of the Crystal Apple Award to Scholastic Library…

  4. End of Year Party Time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GREGGWYCHERLEY

    2004-01-01

    We all remember the raucous end of year office party, where everybody drinks too much, wears silly party hats and ends up doing something best forgotten.Traditionally the venue is the office itself,strung up with a few makeshift decorations,combined with a table-load of food and drink, and offyou go.

  5. Denmark and the gap year

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katznelson, Noemi; Juul, Tilde Mette

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes three different educational offers to young people: “The Folk High School”, “The ‘After-school’” and 10th class. All can be considered optional Gap Years. The following diagram shows how the Danish education system is structured. The Folk High School is a training course of v...

  6. Your Child's Development: 3 Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Child Too Busy? Helping Your Child Adjust to Preschool School Lunches Kids and Food: 10 Tips for Parents Healthy Habits for TV, Video Games, and the Internet Your Child’s Development: 3 Years KidsHealth > For Parents > Your Child’s Development: ...

  7. Nuclear Materials Focus Area Fiscal Year 2002 Mid Year Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiel, E.C.; Fuhrman, P.W.

    2002-05-30

    The Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) held its annual mid-year review on February 12 and 14, 2002, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The purpose of this review was to examine both the technical aspects and the programmatic aspects of its technology development program. The focus area activities were reviewed by a panel consisting of personnel representing the end users of the technologies, and technical experts in nuclear materials. This year's review was somewhat different than in the past, as the stress was on how well the various projects being managed through the NMFA aligned with the two thrust areas and nine key goals and priorities recently issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).

  8. Nuclear Materials Focus Area Fiscal Year 2002 Mid Year Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiel, Elizabeth Chilcote

    2002-05-01

    The Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) held its annual mid-year review on February 12 and 14, 2002, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The purpose of this review was to examine both the technical aspects and the programmatic aspects of its technology development program. The focus area activities were reviewed by a panel consisting of personnel representing the end users of the technologies, and technical experts in nuclear materials. This year's review was somewhat different than in the past, as the stress was on how well the various projects being managed through the NMFA aligned with the two thrust areas and nine key goals and priorities recently issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).

  9. Modelfest: year one results and plans for future years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carney, Thom; Tyler, Christopher W.; Watson, Andrew B.; Makous, Walter; Beutter, Brent; Chen, Chien-Chung; Norcia, Anthony M.; Klein, Stanley A.

    2000-06-01

    A robust model of the human visual system (HVS) would have a major practical impact on the difficult technological problems of transmitting and storing digital images. Although most HVS models exhibit similarities, they may have significant differences in predicting performance. Different HVS models are rarely compared using the same set of psychophysical measurements, so their relative efficacy is unclear. The Modelfest organization was formed to solve this problem and accelerate the development of robust new models of human vision. Members of Modelfest have gathered psychophysical threshold data on the year one stimuli described at last year's SPIE meeting. Modelfest is an exciting new approach to modeling involving the sharing of resources, learning from each other's modeling successes and providing a method to cross-validate proposed HVS models. The purpose of this presentation is to invite the Electronic Imaging community to participate in this effort and inform them of the developing database, which is available to all researchers interested in modeling human vision. In future years, the database will be extended to other domains such as visual masking, and temporal processing. This Modelfest progress report summarizes the stimulus definitions and data collection methods used, but focuses on the results of the phase one data collection effort. Each of the authors has provided at least one dataset from their respective laboratories. These data and data collected subsequent to the submission of this paper are posted on the WWW for further analysis and future modeling efforts.

  10. Five-year science outlook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, Barbara T.

    Research on water quality, on solar activity's possible link to earth climate, and on potential resource deposits will be among the top scientific and technological problems to be tackled during the next 5 years, according to a National Research Council (NRC) report, ‘Outlook for Science and Technology: The Next Five Years.’ Written and reviewed by more than 200 scientists, the report is the second in a series describing current research trends; the first report was issued in 1979. The NRC report also offers a concise overview and comparison of the research environments in the United States, the Federal Republic of Germany, the United Kingdom, and France. In addition, the report identifies prospects for new technologies in seven fields with emerging technologies or emerging situations that rely heavily on technology. The fields discussed are recombinant DNA, superconductivity, medical technology, energy storage, potential new resource deposits, the space shuttle and the space telescope, and information processing.

  11. Fiscal Year 2013 Revegetation Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenifer Nordstrom

    2013-11-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2013 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to supplement documentation related to the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Construction Activities and to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: Summary of each site Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location Actions and Resolutions for each site. Six disturbed sites were evaluated for this assessment. One has achieved final stabilization. The remaining five sites not meeting the criteria for final stabilization will be evaluated again in the next fiscal year.

  12. Fiscal Year 2012 Revegetation Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenifer Nordstrom

    2012-11-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2012 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to supplement documentation related to the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Construction Activities and to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: • Summary of each site • Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location • Actions and Resolutions for each site. Ten disturbed sites were evaluated for this assessment. Six have achieved final stabilization. The remaining four sites not meeting the criteria for final stabilization will be evaluated again in the next fiscal year.

  13. 2015: International Year of Light

    CERN Multimedia

    Paola Catapano

    2015-01-01

    The year 2015, a century after the publication of Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity in 1915, has been proclaimed the International Year of Light and light-based technologies by the UN General Assembly. CERN is taking this opportunity to communicate informationabout the High Luminosity LHC project and CERN’s involvement in the SESAME synchrotron project in Jordan. In addition, light has been chosen as the main theme of CERN’s participation in the 2015 Researchers’ Night.   “Light” as “luminosity” will be the underlying theme of the communication campaign launched to increase awareness of CERN’s High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC). By increasing the luminosity of the LHC by a factor of 10, the ambitious project aims at extending the discovery potential of CERN’s flagship accelerator. The challenging upgrade requires a number of key technological breakthroughs, including innovative high-field supercond...

  14. 25 Years of endothelin research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emoto, Noriaki; Vignon-Zellweger, Nicolas; Lopes, Rhéure Alves Moreira

    2014-01-01

    8-11, 2013, at Tokyo Campus of the University of Tsukuba in Japan. Close to 300 scientists from 25 countries from around the world came to Tokyo to celebrate the anniversary of the discovery of the endothelin peptide discovered 25 years ago at the University of Tsukuba. This article summarizes some......In the past three decades, endothelin and endothelin receptor antagonists have received great scientific and clinical interest, leading to the publication of more than 27,000 scientific articles since its discovery. The Thirteenth International Conference on Endothelin (ET-13) was held on September...... with the English translation - is part of this article providing in an exemplary fashion how poetry can be bridged with science. Finally, we give an outlook towards the next 25 years of endothelin research....

  15. Editorial Introduction: New Year Resolutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry Reese

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available While New Year’s day came and went with very little fanfare at my house (well, if you don’t count our Star Wars marathon, I think I’d be remiss if I didn’t take the time to mark the passing of the new year, with a look ahead to the future.  And I think it is fitting, then, […

  16. NESCent Annual Report, Year 6

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo, Allen; Vision, Todd; Wiegmann, Brian; Alberts, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Executive Summary Center‐wide Developments and Administration We began Year 6 with a new Director (Allen Rodrigo) and a new Associate Director of Science (Susan Alberts). To coincide with the renewal in funding, we felt that it was appropriate to re‐evaluate NESCent’s mission. The result was a new mission statement that takes account of NESCent’s evolving scope and areas of strategic focus: NESCent promotes the synthesis of information, concepts and knowledge to addre...

  17. NESCent Annual Report, Year 10

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Executive Summary NESCent experienced an exceptionally busy year in 2014. We coordinated the organization of Evolution 2014, which was a time-consuming but, ultimately, highly successful event. We also busied ourselves with our wind-down activities and spent a great deal of time planning for what NESCent is likely to become. The center has been granted a no-cost extension of funding through November 30, 2015. We have instituted a plan and a timeline for winding down that includes staf...

  18. General relativity 50 years old

    CERN Multimedia

    1966-01-01

    In May 1916, 'The Foundations of General Relativity Theory' by Albert Einstein was published in 'Annalen der Physik'. Fifty years later, this major contribution to scientific thought still has a rather isolated position with respect to the main-stream of scientific theory. (In contrast, the Special Theory of Relativity is one of the cornerstones of sub-nuclear physics.) To mark the anniversary of the publication of Einstein's paper a theoretician from CERN discusses the theory and its present status.

  19. Annual Report Fiscal Year 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    DRACULA ) was initiated during the year. DRACULA was the only new project. One was merged with another ongoing project. Eight projects are carried over from...STUDY SUMMARY TITLE: Data Management System for Combat PLL/ASL MACRIT and Related Purpose (Project DRACULA ) IDENTIFICATION NUMBER: IRO Project No. 295...REPORT: None. Recommendations are contained in Minutes of DRACULA Working Group meeting held at MRSA on 2-4 August 1983. SPONSOR: DARCOM Directorate for

  20. Celebrating 25 Years of Discovery

    CERN Multimedia

    2017-01-01

    As ATLAS celebrates 25 years of discovery, we invite you to explore the collaboration's history and achievements. --- Music: Start of something beautiful by Ketsa is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. Am-Trans by Podington Bear is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 International License. Corporate (Advertisement) by Scott Holmes is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial License.

  1. [Oxaliplatin -- A 10-Year Trajectory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanaji, Shingo; Oki, Eiji; Saeki, Hiroshi; Kitao, Hiroyuki; Maehara, Yoshihiko; Kakeji, Yoshihiro

    2016-06-01

    Oxaliplatin(Elplat(®)iv infusion solution)is a third-generation 1,2-DACH-platinum derivative. A number of international clinical trials have investigated the effects of this drug for each of its four indications. Building on the results of these earlier studies, much research has also been carried out in Japan in terms of developing and accumulating evidence on oxaliplatin. This report reviews the trajectory of its use over the last 10-years and considers its future potential.

  2. The year in burns 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Steven E

    2009-12-01

    For 2008, approximately 1200 original burn research articles were published in scientific journals using the English language. This article reviews those with the most impact on burn treatment according to the Editor of one of the major journals (Burns). As in the previous year's review, articles were divided into the following topic areas: epidemiology, wound characterisation, critical care physiology, inhalation injury, infection, metabolism and nutrition, psychological considerations, pain management, rehabilitation, and burn reconstruction. Each selected article is mentioned briefly with editorial comment.

  3. 2007: A pivotal year (continued)

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2007-01-01

    In our first Echo editorial in January 2007, we pointed out that the manpower plan, the future of our social conditions (health insurance, pensions), the implementation of the last five-yearly review and the review of our voluntary schemes would be subjects on which we would have to keep a close watch and show solidarity. In light of what has been happening, we were right to be cautious.

  4. A Search of 60 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江汶; 张辉林; 杨延康; 张孝仲; 芭芭拉

    2004-01-01

    In January 1945.war broke out in West China's Yunnan Province.It is important for all Chinese to commemorate that war.The War Against Japanese Aggression which had begun eight years earlier,had entered a new phase of counter-attack show the War Against Japanese Aggression was approaching its final struggle,but it also bore a special meaning for the Chinese that suffered from the invasion by westerners,

  5. Fiscal Year 2017 Oversight Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    managing the development of a Mine Countermeasures Mission Package that will allow the Littoral Combat Ship to detect and neutralize mines or avoid...year. Of those investigations, an average Army Reserve and active duty agents participate in a joint training exercise focusing on crime scene ...a mock crime scene . Photo by Air Force Senior Airman Nesha Humes Office of Inspector General FY 2017 Oversight Plan Ensuring Ethical Conduct │ 99

  6. 1997: Year of the Tourist

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    ON January 1, 1997, a strong wind blew into Beijing just after a heavy snow. But still the Capital Airport was abuzz with activity. A welcoming team was gathered awaiting the arrival of the first batch of guests of the 1997 China International Year of the Tourist. The team was comprised of 200 drummers, dragon dancers, lion dancers and 300 young women, each holding bouquets of fresh flowers and pinwheels spinning in the wind.

  7. 2016, a year of change!

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

      Being the first Echo of the year, your Staff Council delegates should like to seize this opportunity to wish you and your loved ones, a happy new year! According to the Staff Association (SA) statutes, an election was held on December 8, 2015 where a new team and President were elected for a term of two years. Following his election, Alessandro Raimondo, the incoming Staff Association President, thanked the outgoing team and particularly the outgoing President, Michel Goossens, for his work and dedication to CERN and its staff. 2016 signifies the handover to a new management team and also, for the first time, a female Director General whom the Staff Association welcomes and wishes every success in taking up her functions as head of the Organization. It goes without saying that the Association will work with this new team of Directors in a spirit of collaboration, cordial understanding and mutual respect, as it did with previous management. The Staff Association should like to wish the departing...

  8. Magnesium diboride: one year on

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canfield, Paul [Iowa State University (United States); Ames Laboratory (United States); Bud' ko, Sergey L. [Ames Laboratory (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Last January physicists discovered that an innocuous compound that had been sitting on the shelf for decades was, in fact, a record-breaking intermetallic superconductor. At the end of 2000 superconductivity in metal alloys and compounds appeared to remain trapped by a glass ceiling. Over the previous 10 years the temperature at which certain oxide-based compounds - such as bismuth strontium calcium copper oxide and mercury barium calcium copper oxide - lost their resistance to electric current had soared to well over 100 K. Meanwhile, the transition temperature, T{sub c}, for carbon-based materials, including alkali-doped carbon-60 compounds, had risen close to the boiling point of liquid nitrogen (77 K). During the same period, however, the superconducting transition temperature of intermetallic compounds (materials made solely of metals and metal-like elements) remained close to 20 K - as it had been since the mid-1960s. By February 2001 everything had totally changed. It was as if a firecracker had gone off in the tidy little ant hill of superconductivity research. For the first few months of 2001, groups all over the world raced to understand the properties of a new intermetallic superconductor. The substance that everyone was scrambling to buy or make, the substance that was causing this grand commotion, was magnesium diboride (MgB{sub 2}). This seemingly innocuous binary compound, which had been present in many labs for over half a century, had been discovered to superconduct just below 40 K. Even though we already know an amazing amount about MgB{sub 2}, our knowledge of superconductivity in this compound is only one year old. There is therefore the very real potential to improve its critical properties. In a similar vein, it is almost certain that our understanding of this extreme example of intermetallic superconductivity will greatly improve over the next few years and may even reveal other extreme superconductors. (U.K.)

  9. [Friedrich Nietzsche's last lucid year].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueroa, Gustavo

    2007-05-01

    As an outstanding philosopher Nietzsche poses the question whether his creativeness persisted in spite of his deteriorating disease or appeared, among other features, as a consequence of his illness. A thorough psychopathological understanding of his last lucid year is attempted. He had an exaggerated self-esteem and grandiose sense of confidence and achievements. But his lack of insight did not lead him to engage in activities that could harm himself or his loved ones. Between January 1888 and until his ultimate deterioration in January 1889, Nietzsche was exceedingly productive. During this period, polar changes along with moderately overlapping periods appeared.

  10. Fiscal Year 2010 Revegetation Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenifer Nordstrom; Mike Lewis

    2010-11-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2010 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to supplement documentation related to the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Construction Activities and to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: • Summary of each site • Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location • Recommendation(s) for each site.

  11. Fiscal Year 2009 Revegetation Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael Lewis

    2009-10-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2009 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to supplement documentation related to the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan for Construction Activities and to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: • Summary of each site • Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location • Recommendation(s) for each site.

  12. 50 years of personal memories

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    The official book for CERN's 50th anniversary will be available as from the Open Day on 16 October. This beautiful book of about 250 pages tells of half a century of events and achievements at CERN through the eyes of 62 witnesses. Administrators, physicists and engineers recall both large and small events in the history of the Laboratory. This luxury edition features many magnificent photographs - often not well known - from CERN's valuable photo archive. Infinitely CERN Memories from fifty years of research Until the end of the month, the book will be sold at the special price of 50 CHF instead of 70 CHF.

  13. 50 years of personal memories

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/ The official book for CERN's 50th anniversary will be available as from the Open Day on 16 October. This beautiful book of about 250 pages tells of half a century of events and achievements at CERN through the eyes of 62 witnesses. Administrators, physicists and engineers recall both large and small events in the history of the Laboratory. This luxury edition features many magnificent photographs - often not well known - from CERN's valuable photo archive. Infinitely CERN Memories from fifty years of research Until the end of the month, the book will be sold at the special price of 50 CHF instead of 70 CHF.

  14. CROATIAN FISHERY IN 2003 YEAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Jahutka

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This work deals with the analysis and sublimation of all the relevant informations regarding fisheries in Republic of Croatia. This means that there were processed data about freshwater fisheries (farming of freshwater fish and other aquatic organisms, commercial and sports fisheries, marine fisheries (mariculture, commercial fisheries, small–scale fisheries and processing of fish products, import and export of fish and fish products as well as the financial subventions regarding fisheries. The farming of freshwater fish in 2003 is marked by the decrease of production comparing to the past 5 years. Carp is furthermore the most dominant fish species in freshwater fish farming, but it’s percentage is decreasing, and the percentage of the trout is increasing over the years. In addition to the decrease of production, the areas of production are decreasing as well, and now they are the smallest in the past decade — 6,281.97 ha. In 2003 the amount of used food is also decreased, but the amount of used fertilizers and lime is increased, that means it is the biggest in the past decade. This is caused by the bad climate conditions during the summer. Marine fisheries farming (mariculture in 2003 is in a slightly better position then the freshwater fish farming. The production of white fish species, which was reached before few years, is not changing — 2,510 tons, also the farming of oysters is stagnating, but in the past few years the farming of mussels and tuna fish is increasing. The total marine fish catch is 29,102 tons and it is performed over 34,000 km2, comparing to the 2002 it is increased by almost 49.24%. Additional to the increase of the total catch the number of commercial fishermen and fishing vessels is also increased. The number of fisherman which fish for their own consumption without the right to sell fish, that means the small–scale fishermen in 2003 is 13,500. The production of fish and fish products in 2003 is 19,000 tons

  15. Fuel Tax:14 Years' Expectation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jiangwen

    2009-01-01

    @@ Fuel tax, as the term indicates, means the tax paid by fuel consumers. The more you use a car, the more you have to pay for the fuel. As we know, petroleum is a scarce resource of strategic significance. However, China has only limited reserves of oil with an import dependency rate as high as 50%. In recent years, the demand of oil continues to soar, yet a number of problems widely exist, such as low energy utility efficiency, high per unit energy consumption, and ever-increasing pollution caused by oil consumption.

  16. 50 Years of Anderson Localization

    CERN Document Server

    Abrahams, Elihu

    2010-01-01

    In his groundbreaking paper Absence of diffusion in certain random lattices (1958), Philip W. Anderson originated, described and developed the physical principles underlying the phenomenon of the localization of quantum objects due to disorder. Anderson's 1977 Nobel Prize citation featured that paper, which was fundamental for many subsequent developments in condensed matter theory and technical applications. After more than a half century, the subject continues to be of fundamental importance. In particular, in the last 25 years, the phenomenon of localization has proved to be crucial for the

  17. Welcaming the Lunar New Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    "On the 24th, clean the house; on the 25th, make beancurd; on the26th, steam some bread; on the 27th, do the shopping; on the 28th, killthe pig; on the 29th, buy some wine; on the 30th day, eat dumplings...."This is a rhyme the Chinese have been singing for generations. Itdescribes the joy of the biggest festival for Chinese people-the traditionalSpring Festival, or, more accurately, the Chinese lunar New Year. Thisyear, the Spring Festival falls on February 16, 1999.

  18. Postdramatic Theatre, 12 years later

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Thies Lehmann

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This text takes stock of the twelve years of emergence of the practice and term Postdramatic and some of its developments and issues in the performing arts. It discusses the changes through which the contemporary scene has gone since 1999 and consequently the changes we should consider when reading and analysing the concept of postdramatic; among them, the focus on collaborative work; new relations between theatre and society; the focus on dance; and the return of words. Finally, the text raises the question of whether or not the term postdramatic should be reconsidered.

  19. Under Water within Thirty Years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Isak Winkel

    2016-01-01

    "Place is going to be under water within thirty years," detective Rustin Cohle says while driving through a disaster-stricken landscape in south Louisiana in the mid 90's. The first season of True Detective, a HBO crime series authored by Nic Pizzolatto and directed by Cary Fukunaga, is tensed...... in the shadow of a catastrophe to come. This prophetic mode, I contend, has important consequences for the show's treatment of the question of justice. Like the prophetic books of the Old testament, True Detective shifts the perspective from the content of law to the force of law. Thus, focusing...

  20. A Chinese New Year Rash

    OpenAIRE

    SH Keah; Chng KS

    2013-01-01

    A 28-year-old man presented with a chief complaint of rashes all over his body. He had a history of a trip to Langkawi Island, a famous island resort off the west coast of Malaysia, over the Chinese New Year’s weekend. According to him, he had a lot of fun with a group of friends at the sunny beach and the beautiful sea. There were no untoward incidents and they were perfectly well when they returned home after a 2-day trip. On the evening of the second day after his return, he noticed rashes...

  1. Which Russia, twenty years later?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Claudín

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Russia is proud of its position among the emerging powers, of the strength provided by its ample energetic resources and its nuclear potential with which it can influence the world and always be taken into account. Nevertheless, the perception within the country is that stagnation has become Russia’s dominant characteristic at present. The objective of this article is to explore how this situation came about, analysing the evolution of domestic processes in Russia during both of its most defining periods: Yeltsin and Putin’s leadership, since the ephemeral presidency of Medvedev proved to be basically a continuation of the latter. During the eight years of Boris Yeltsin’s tenure, the state of crisis, latent or open, developed into the way that political processes are carried out in Russia. With Putin’s arrival, however, stability and State control are imposed, against the backdrop of economic growth, and they become values in themselves, far from the democratic discourse of the first years.

  2. CERN The next 50 years

    CERN Document Server

    Maiani, Luciano

    2004-01-01

    The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) from CERN is a 14 TeV proton-proton collider that is at the cutting edge of technology, and is a heartening sign of both the public's support for basic science in Europe and beyond, and the determination of European countries to stay at the forefront of particle physics. Realization of this project started some 50 years ago. Now for the next 50 years, particle phycists not only at CERN are planning a new generation of experiments that will push the high-energy boundary back even further. At CERN, a high-energy electron-positron linear collider, such as the 3-5 TeV Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) project is being considered. At Fermilab, focus is on a Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) that would take physicists into the 200 TeV region. These two possibilities could be among the long-term goals of the global accelerator network, which would keep the world's particle physicists busy until 2050.

  3. A Chef for 34 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    FOREIGNERS who have been to Beijing are probably familiar with the Beijing International Hotel near the main railway station. It’s the four-star hotel where I work as a chief cook. My job is to manage nine kitchens—both Chinese and Western. I have been a chef for 34 years. After graduated from school in 1964, I studied Chinese cuisine for three years. I believed that it was a job worth doing. In the past, people looked down on this occupation; they thought it was a low-class job because cooks were always serving other people. I, however, found the job very interesting. After all, I reasoned, everyone needs to eat. If we could make eating into a kind of art or a science, eating could become an act of culture. People engaged in the food industry treat the act of eating with a respect that most people cooking at home do not feel. But for those of us who work in prestigious hotels whose guests come from all over the world and have different customs and tastes, it is our job to put the Chinese cooking cultu

  4. International Heliophysical Year: European Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briand, C.

    2007-08-01

    The First European General Assembly of the "International Heliophysical Year" (IHY) took place at the headquarters of the Centre Nationial de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in Paris, France, 10-13 January 2006. There were 113 participants representing 27 nations. The science concerned with the International Heliophysical Year programme was first illustrated. Then, the status of current instruments as well as practical information on the campaign management policy was given. Twenty European National Coordinators described the progress of their IHY activities. Representatives from Egypt, Angola and the coordinator of the Balkan, Black and Caspian Sea Region also reported on the progress of IHY activities in their respective regions. People from the IHY Secretariat provided a summary of the global IHY efforts including the United Nations Basic Space Sciences Program. In the education and public outreach front, a variety of activities have been planned: TV and radio shows, board games on space weather, specific programmes for schools and universities, workshops for teachers are some of the actions that were presented by the delegates. Beyond of these national and individual initiatives, specific activities requiring European coordination were discussed. This paper provides an extended summary of the main talks and discussions that held during the meeting.

  5. ADS on WWW: Doubling Yearly for Five Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtz, M. J.; Eichhorn, G.; Accomazzi, A.; Grant, C. S.; Murray, S. S.

    1998-12-01

    It is now five years since the NASA ADS Abstract Service became available on the World Wide Web, in late winter of 1994. Following the explosive growth of the service (when compared with the old propriatory network access system) in the early months of WWW service, ADS growth has settled to doubling yearly. Currently ADS users make 440,000 queries per month, and receive 8,000,000 bibliographic references and 70,000 full-text articles, as well as abstracts, citation histories, links to data, and links to other data centers. Of the 70,000 full-text articles accessed through ADS each month, already 30% are via pointers to the electronic journals. This number is certain to increase. It is difficult to determine the exact number of ADS users. We track usage by the number of unique ``cookies'' which access ADS, and by the number of unique IP addresses. There are difficulties with each technique. In addition many non-astronomers find ADS through portal sites like Yahoo, which skews the statistics. 10,000 unique cookies access the full-text articles each month, 17,000 make queries, and 30,000 visit the site. 91% of full-text users have cookies, but only 65% of site visitors. From another perspective the number of IP addresses from a single typical research site (STScI) which access the full-text data is within 5% of the number of unique cookies assiociated with full-text use from stsci.edu, and also within 5% of the number of AAS members listing an STScI address. The number of unique IP addresses from STScI which make any sort of query to ADS is 40% higher than this. Those who access the full-text average one article per day, those who make queries average two per day. We believe nearly all active astronomy researchers, as well as students and affiliated professionals use ADS on a regular basis.

  6. Clozapine safety, 40 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raja, Michele; Raja, Silvia

    2014-01-01

    Clozapine is, and will remain in the coming years, an irreplaceable drug in psychiatry which has elective indication in treatment-resistant schizophrenia, suicide risk in schizophrenia spectrum disorders, aggressiveness or violence in psychiatric patients, psychosis in Parkinson's disease, prevention and treatment of tardive dyskinesia. Unfortunately, the drug is largely underused for many and serious side effects. Only a good knowledge of these side effects and of the main strategies to prevent their occurrence or minimize their impact can allow overcoming the underutilization of this valuable therapy. The article describes the clinical and epidemiological features of the non-motor side effects of clozapine including blood dyscrasias, constipation, diabetes, enuresis, fever, hepatitis, hypersalivation, ileus, myocarditis, nephritis, priapism, seizures, serositis, weight gain and metabolic syndrome. The paper suggests several strategies, supported by scientific evidence, in the management of these side effects. The neuropsychiatric side effects of clozapine are not discussed in this review.

  7. Chernobyl - 20 years and beyond

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lacronique, J.F. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire, 92 - Fontenay-aux-Roses (France); Deconinck, F.; Govaerts, P.; Eggermont, C. [SCK-CEN - Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie, Centre d' Etude de l' Energie Nucleaire, Mol (Belgium); Cort, M. de [Institute for Environment and Sustainability, DG JRC EC (Italy); Joulia, J.P. [EuropeAid Co-operation Office, EC, Brussels (Belgium); Dal, A.H.; Balonov, M. [International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna (Austria); Kenigsberg, J. [Commission on Radiation protection, council of ministry (Belarus); Hindie, E. [Universites Paris, 75 (France); Havenaar, M. [Amsterdam Univ. (Netherlands)

    2006-07-01

    In commemoration of the Chernobyl accident 20 years ago, the French society for radiation protection (S.F.R.P.) and the Belgian society for radiation protection (B.V.S.A.B.R.) organise jointly a one day colloquium in Brussels. This colloquium is divided in two parts: the first one concerns the technical and organisational aspects of the accident with the scenario and its global impact, the international environmental radioactivity information exchange through the Chernobyl experience, the European Union (E.U.) assistance to mitigate the Chernobyl accident consequences, the crisis communication and management and the lessons learned from them; the second part is devoted to the medical and humanitarian aspects through the thyroid cancers after Chernobyl accident, the health effects in the European Union (E.U.) and the psychological factors affecting health after the Chernobyl disaster. (N.C.)

  8. International Year of Chemistry 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE Zi-Ling

    2011-01-01

    Science China Chemistry would like to dedicate this special issue to the International Year of Chemistry (IYC) 2011,as part of the celebrations of IYC in China.Scientists from Australia,Brazil,Britain,Canada,Chile,China,France,Germany,India,Israel,Japan,Nepal,Pakistan,Saudi Arabia,Singapore,South Africa,and the USA have contributed 28 papers marking the event.Our authors from across the globe include students,members (a corresponding member) and fellows of national academies of sciences in several countries (Australia,Chile,China,France,India,Israel,Pakistan,and the USA),fellows of the British and Canadian Royal Societies,and two Nobel Laureates (Robert Grubbs and Ada Yonath).Here they present their work contributing to the IYC 2011 theme "Chemistry-our life,our future" [1].These papers cover fundamental chemistry,the chemical bases of life processes,and their potential applications.

  9. 100 years of radionuclide metrology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judge, S M; Arnold, D; Chauvenet, B; Collé, R; De Felice, P; García-Toraño, E; Wätjen, U

    2014-05-01

    The discipline of radionuclide metrology at national standards institutes started in 1913 with the certification by Curie, Rutherford and Meyer of the first primary standards of radium. In early years, radium was a valuable commodity and the aim of the standards was largely to facilitate trade. The focus later changed to providing standards for the new wide range of radionuclides, so that radioactivity could be used for healthcare and industrial applications while minimising the risk to patients, workers and the environment. National measurement institutes responded to the changing demands by developing new techniques for realising primary standards of radioactivity. Looking ahead, there are likely to be demands for standards for new radionuclides used in nuclear medicine, an expansion of the scope of the field into quantitative imaging to facilitate accurate patient dosimetry for nuclear medicine, and an increasing need for accurate standards for radioactive waste management and nuclear forensics.

  10. [Giemsa stain's 100th year].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perea-Sasiaín, José

    2003-03-01

    Research work associated with the development of Giemsa stain is revived, with emphasis on the methylene blue polychromes. A short biographical sketch of Dr. Berthold Gustav Carl Giemsa is presented, along with the composition of his original formulation and its mec. HPLC analyses of his azur II indicated the following composition: methylene blue 63.6%, azur B 28.6%, azur A 4.4%, azur C 1.4%, thionin 1.9%. Azur I was not "pure", but rather a mixture of thionin and all of its 3 and 7 N-methylated derivatives. Lillie inferred that it was probably prepared by an acid oxidation process. Applications of Giemsa stain reported in the last 32 years are tabulated.

  11. Fiscal Year 2014 Revegetation Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordstrom, Jenifer [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-03-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year 2014 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to document revegetation efforts at Idaho National Laboratory to ensure that disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations are being restored. This report provides the following information for each site being monitored by the Idaho National Laboratory Environmental Support and Services: • Summary of each site • Assessment of vegetation status and site stabilization at each location • Actions and Resolutions for each site. Five disturbed sites were evaluated for this assessment. Four sites are recommended to be removed from the annual assessment, and one is recommended for continued evaluation. New sites are also identified for future monitoring as part of the annual assessment.

  12. Fiscal Year 2016 Revegetation Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nordstrom, Jenifer B. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2016-11-01

    This report summarizes the Fiscal Year (FY) 2016 Revegetation Assessment by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC. This assessment was conducted to document revegetation efforts at Idaho National Laboratory to verify restoration of disturbed vegetation and soil at various locations occurs as required. This report provides the following information for projects at Idaho National Laboratory completed during FY 2016 that were identified during the National Environmental Policy Act review process as having the potential to disturb soils or vegetation: 1) A summary of all projects identified as having the potential to require revegetation efforts 2) A summary of site disturbance and restoration efforts of each project. For FY 2016, one project required revegetation and sagebrush restoration. For other projects, implementation of best management practices minimized impacts to vegetation and revegetation efforts were not required.

  13. A Chinese New Year rash

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keah SH

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available A 28-year-old man presented with a chief complaint of rashes all over his body. He had a history of a trip to Langkawi Island, a famous island resort off the west coast of Malaysia, over the Chinese New Year’s weekend. According to him, he had a lot of fun with a group of friends at the sunny beach and the beautiful sea. There were no untoward incidents and they were perfectly well when they returned home after a 2-day trip. On the evening of the second day after his return, he noticed rashes appearing over his body, notably on shoulders and trunk. These rashes were little painful in nature.

  14. Civil partnerships five years on.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Helen; Gask, Karen; Berrington, Ann

    2011-01-01

    The Civil Partnership Act 2004, which came into force in December 2005 allowing same-sex couples in the UK to register their relationship for the first time, celebrated its fifth anniversary in December 2010. This article examines civil partnership in England and Wales, five years on from its introduction. The characteristics of those forming civil partnerships between 2005 and 2010 including age, sex and previous marital/civil partnership status are examined. These are then compared with the characteristics of those marrying over the same period. Further comparisons are also made between civil partnership dissolutions and divorce. The article presents estimates of the number of people currently in civil partnerships and children of civil partners. Finally the article examines attitudes towards same-sex and civil partner couples both in the UK and in other countries across Europe.

  15. 7 CFR 983.26 - Production year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production year. 983.26 Section 983.26 Agriculture..., ARIZONA, AND NEW MEXICO Definitions § 983.26 Production year. Production year is synonymous with “fiscal... received in August of any year shall be applied to the subsequent production year for marketing order...

  16. Investigating First Year Education Students' Stress Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, Gretchen; Midford, Richard

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigated the stress levels of first-year education students who undertake teaching practicum and theory units during their first year of teacher education program. First, 139 first-year and 143 other years' education students completed the PSS-10 scale, which measures perceived level of stress. Then, 147 first-year education…

  17. 7 CFR 993.20 - Crop year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year. 993.20 Section 993.20 Agriculture... Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 993.20 Crop year. Crop year means the 12-month period beginning August 1 of any year and ending July 31 of the following year. ...

  18. 7 CFR 996.3 - Crop year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year. 996.3 Section 996.3 Agriculture Regulations... DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED PEANUTS MARKETED IN THE UNITED STATES Definitions § 996.3 Crop year. Crop year means the 12-month period beginning with July 1 of any year and ending with June 30 of the following year...

  19. 5 CFR 1690.11 - Plan year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Plan year. 1690.11 Section 1690.11... Plan year. The Thrift Savings Plan's plan year is established on a calendar-year basis for all purposes, except where another applicable provision of law requires that a fiscal year or other basis be used. As...

  20. 7 CFR 981.19 - Crop year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year. 981.19 Section 981.19 Agriculture... Regulating Handling Definitions § 981.19 Crop year. Crop year means the twelve month period from August 1 to... applied to the next crop year for marketing order purposes. The first crop year after the implementation...

  1. 7 CFR 1219.5 - Crop year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year. 1219.5 Section 1219.5 Agriculture..., AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1219.5 Crop year. Crop year means the period from November 1 of one year through October 31 of the following year, or...

  2. 7 CFR 987.6 - Crop year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year. 987.6 Section 987.6 Agriculture Regulations... RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 987.6 Crop year. Crop year means the 12-month period beginning October 1 of each year and ending September 30 of the following year. ...

  3. 7 CFR 989.21 - Crop year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year. 989.21 Section 989.21 Agriculture... CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 989.21 Crop year. Crop year means the 12-month period beginning with August 1 of any year and ending with July 31 of the following year. ...

  4. Environmental Health: the first five years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grandjean, Philippe; Ozonoff, David

    2007-01-01

    year to year. Last year we published 33 articles (of 64 submitted) and the number of submissions by June this year has already reached 40. The journal has now been in existence for five years, so the time seems ripe for us to assess the health of our journal and the opportunities offered by open access...

  5. EDITORIAL: 80 Years of Plasma 80 Years of Plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franklin, R. N.; Braithwaite, N. St J.

    2009-02-01

    Irving Langmuir proposed the term 'plasma' in a paper in 1928 (Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 14 627-637) to describe a 'region containing balanced charges of ions and electrons'. There does not appear to be any record of the thinking behind this proposal, so it is difficult to be definitive. One idea is that since the Greek word 'plasma' was used to describe a mouldable fluid, 'neon' lighting, with its almost limitless ability to provide colourful shapes, provided the inspiration. Another relates to the prior medical use in relation to blood with its variety of different 'corpuscles' and that the essential description of the positive column required one to recognize at least the role of the separate species of electrons, ions and gas atoms. Tonks, when questioned thirty years later, was inclined to the latter idea, but it is unlikely that we shall ever know for certain. (See postscript added December 2008.) Forty years ago most of the interest in terrestrial plasmas was centred on fusion and the prospect of thus solving the world's energy problems; the quest continues. However, since then a whole new industry has developed. It emerged in the 1970s as an imaginative way to remove the photoresist layers used in patterning semiconductor wafers. Slowly but steadily, plasma-based 'dry' processes began to displace the traditional wet chemistry processes of cleaning, etching and depositing by which the first generation of integrated circuits had been made. Plasma technology offered higher yields while accommodating the complexity of ever-shrinking feature size, driving the microelectronic revolution for almost four decades. Langmuir certainly ushered in an exciting branch of physics when he introduced the term plasma. We have included as Appendix I a condensed CV for Irving Langmuir to show, amongst other things, the early influences on his subsequent life. An interlude in Paris gave him a taste of the wider world of Europe. His subsequent schooling in the United States led

  6. 2008: An Exciting Year of Physics

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    The year 2005 was celebrated throughout the world as the International year of physics as a tribute to Einstein and his works. That year Einstein's special theory of relativity was 100 years old. The year 2008 shall also be a special year for physics. NASA is launching the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) to look for sources of high energy gamma-rays.

  7. Swift: 10 Years of Discovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    The conference Swift: 10 years of discovery was held in Roma at La Sapienza University on Dec. 2-5 2014 to celebrate 10 years of Swift successes. Thanks to a large attendance and a lively program, it provided the opportunity to review recent advances of our knowledge of the high-energy transient Universe both from the observational and theoretical sides. When Swift was launched on November 20, 2004, its prime objective was to chase Gamma-Ray Bursts and deepen our knowledge of these cosmic explosions. And so it did, unveiling the secrets of long and short GRBs. However, its multi-wavelength instrumentation and fast scheduling capabilities made it the most versatile mission ever flown. Besides GRBs, Swift has observed, and contributed to our understanding of, an impressive variety of targets including AGNs, supernovae, pulsars, microquasars, novae, variable stars, comets, and much more. Swift is continuously discovering rare and surprising events distributed over a wide range of redshifts, out to the most distant transient objects in the Universe. Such a trove of discoveries has been addressed during the conference with sessions dedicated to each class of events. Indeed, the conference in Rome was a spectacular celebration of the Swift 10th anniversary. It included sessions on all types of transient and steady sources. Top scientists from around the world gave invited and contributed talks. There was a large poster session, sumptuous lunches, news interviews and a glorious banquet with officials attending from INAF and ASI. All the presentations, as well as several conference pictures, can be found in the conference website (http://www.brera.inaf.it/Swift10/Welcome.html). These proceedings have been collected owing to the efforts of Paolo D’Avanzo who has followed each paper from submission to final acceptance. Our warmest thanks to Paolo for all his work. The Conference has been made possible by the support from La Sapienza University as well as from the ARAP

  8. Earth: 15 Million Years Ago

    CERN Document Server

    Mizushima, Masataka

    2008-01-01

    In Einstein's general relativity theory the metric component gxx in the direction of motion (x-direction) of the sun deviates from unity due to a tensor potential caused by the black hole existing around the center of the galaxy. Because the solar system is orbiting around the galactic center at 200 km/s, the theory shows that the Newtonian gravitational potential due to the sun is not quite radial. At the present time, the ecliptic plane is almost perpendicular to the galactic plane, consistent with this modification of the Newtonian gravitational force. The ecliptic plane is assumed to maintain this orientation in the galactic space as it orbits around the galactic center, but the rotational angular momentum of the earth around its own axis can be assumed to be conserved. The earth is between the sun and the galactic center at the summer solstice all the time. As a consequence, the rotational axis of the earth would be parallel to the axis of the orbital rotation of the earth 15 million years ago, if the so...

  9. An eighty years long history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfranco Fabbio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available An eighty years long historyAnnals of Silvicultural Research (ASR take over and are the on line follow-up of the former Annali. The Annali are a body of 36 volumes issued since 1970 from the Experimental Institute of Silviculture, then Forestry Research Centre of the Consiglio per la Ricerca e la sperimentazione in Agricoltura (CRA. They originate from the series of Papers of the same Institution (n. 15-18, 1968-69 and formerly of the Royal Station of Silviculture in Firenze (n. 1-14, 1932-67. The history of Annals dates therefore back to 80 years ago and covers quite completely the activity of our Institution since its early establishment in Firenze in 1922.Institutional duty of the Annali was the scientific dissemination of research trials’ outcomes and findings to the manifold stakeholders’ levels and was aimed at an effective transfer of knowledge and innovation in the practice of forestry. The Annali housed original research papers produced inside and in cooperation with researchers outside on the subject-matters of forest ecology, silviculture of semi-natural forests and forest plantations for environmental restoration and wood/ non-wood productions, tree farming and agro-forestry, forest mensuration and stand dynamics, dendro-ecology, conservation and valorization of genetic resources and levels and types of biodiversity, protection and provision of forest ecosystems services, maintenance of their multifunctional role, up to the more recent theme of the adaptive management framed within the environmental change in progress and related issues of forests’ mitigation & carbon sequestration/ stocking ability.A review of research topics and thematic volumes handled throughout the eighty years highlights the attention paid towards the national emerging subject-matters, since the Experiments on the introduction of exotic species in Italy by Pavari and De Philippis (1941, to its conclusive follow-up forty years later Role of exotic species

  10. Electrocyte physiology: 50 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markham, Michael R

    2013-07-01

    Weakly electric gymnotiform and mormyrid fish generate and detect weak electric fields to image their worlds and communicate. These multi-purpose electric signals are generated by electrocytes, the specialized electric organ (EO) cells that produce the electric organ discharge (EOD). Just over 50 years ago the first experimental analyses of electrocyte physiology demonstrated that the EOD is produced and shaped by the timing and waveform of electrocyte action potentials (APs). Electrocytes of some species generate a single AP from a distinct region of excitable membrane, and this AP waveform determines EOD waveform. In other species, electrocytes possess two independent regions of excitable membrane that generate asynchronous APs with different waveforms, thereby increasing EOD complexity. Signal complexity is further enhanced in some gymnotiforms by the spatio-temporal activation of distinct EO regions with different electrocyte properties. For many mormyrids, additional EOD waveform components are produced by APs that propagate along stalks that connect postsynaptic regions to the main body of the electrocyte. I review here the history of research on electrocyte physiology in weakly electric fish, as well as recent discoveries of key phenomena not anticipated during early work in this field. Recent areas of investigation include the regulation of electrocyte activity by steroid and peptide hormones, the molecular evolution of electrocyte ion channels, and the evolutionary selection of ion channels expressed in excitable cells. These emerging research areas have generated renewed interest in electrocyte function and clear future directions for research addressing a broad range of new and important questions.

  11. 60 years: sleek and stylish

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2013-01-01

    As you are aware, CERN will be celebrating its 60th birthday in 2014. To mark the event, next year will be filled with exciting events... of which there will be a taster in the next issue of the Bulletin.   In the meantime, we are pleased to present the official logo for this important anniversary: created by the Graphic Design Service team, it elegantly combines the curves of the numbers 6 and 0 to mirror the shape of our accelerator chain, and in doing so pays homage to the technological prowess of CERN’s installations. The overlap of the 6 and the 0 also symbolises collaboration between countries, professions and people, which is one of the Organization’s fundamental values. The slightly tilted perspective of the logo suggests the geographical layout of CERN’s facilities as well as the dynamism of a forward-looking Laboratory. There’s an obvious nod to the CERN logo, but the new logo differs in the way it evokes a more festive spirit: formed of a loo...

  12. Cloning: eight years after Dolly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, K H S; Alberio, R; Choi, I; Fisher, P; Kelly, R D W; Lee, J-H; Maalouf, W

    2005-08-01

    It is now 8 years since the birth of Dolly, the first animal produced by nuclear transfer using a donor cell population established from an adult animal. During this time, the technique of nuclear transfer has been successfully applied to a range of mammalian species for the production of offspring using a plethora of donor cell types derived from both foetal and adult tissues. In addition, when coupled with genetic manipulation of the donor cells, transgenic offspring have been produced with a range of genetic modifications including gene knockouts and gene knockings. Despite the apparent successes of the technology, the efficiency of development to live offspring has remained low and developmental abnormalities still occur. The objectives of this paper are to review some of the successes and failures of the nuclear transfer procedure since the production of Dolly. In particular, we will review the major steps in the procedure and discuss studies from our laboratory and others which have modified the procedure in ways which may impact on development.

  13. 60 YEARS OF NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY: Acromegaly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capatina, Cristina; Wass, John A H

    2015-08-01

    Acromegaly (ACM) is a chronic, progressive disorder caused by the persistent hypersecretion of GH, in the vast majority of cases secreted by a pituitary adenoma. The consequent increase in IGF1 (a GH-induced liver protein) is responsible for most clinical features and for the systemic complications associated with increased mortality. The clinical diagnosis, based on symptoms related to GH excess or the presence of a pituitary mass, is often delayed many years because of the slow progression of the disease. Initial testing relies on measuring the serum IGF1 concentration. The oral glucose tolerance test with concomitant GH measurement is the gold-standard diagnostic test. The therapeutic options for ACM are surgery, medical treatment, and radiotherapy (RT). The outcome of surgery is very good for microadenomas (80-90% cure rate), but at least half of the macroadenomas (most frequently encountered in ACM patients) are not cured surgically. Somatostatin analogs are mainly indicated after surgical failure. Currently their routine use as primary therapy is not recommended. Dopamine agonists are useful in a minority of cases. Pegvisomant is indicated for patients refractory to surgery and other medical treatments. RT is employed sparingly, in cases of persistent disease activity despite other treatments, due to its long-term side effects. With complex, combined treatment, at least three-quarters of the cases are controlled according to current criteria. With proper control of the disease, the specific complications are partially improved and the mortality rate is close to that of the background population.

  14. Vannevar Bush: Fifty Years Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagowski, J. J.

    1995-12-01

    It is ironic that the 50th anniversary year of Vannevar Bush's Report to President Truman entitled "Science the Endless Frontier", which put into motion the eminently successful current system of education of scientists in this country occurs at a time when serious questions are being asked about the usefulness of that very system. Bush viewed his proposal to establish a national research foundation (later to be called the National Science Foundation) as a "social compact." Judgment of scientific merit would be delegated to expert peers in return for scientific progress, which would ultimately benefit the nation in terms of scientific needs--military security, economic productivity, and enhanced quality of life. Bush wanted the funding of basic research intertwined with training, and preferred to use universities for this purpose rather than industrial or national labs. Bush viewed college and university scientists as teachers and investigators. He believed university-based research would uniquely encourage and engage the next generation of scientists as no other institutional arrangement could. Bush did not trust industry's commitment to basic research, an instinct that proved prophetic. The academic reserve of scientists (PhD's in training and postdoctoral students) that existed before World War II, and upon which the United States could draw for its needs, which were primarily associated with defense efforts, was probably one of the defining factors in Bush's suggested strategy. Currently, that reserve of talent has gotten so large that it is the obvious throttle in the pipeline slowing the continued development of the university research enterprise. Since 1977, the rate at which we have trained new scientists exceeds an average of 4% annually. Since 1987, the "science work force"--PhD's--has grown at three times the rate of the general labor supply. Temporary positions for postdoctoral scientists have grown even faster (over 5% per year since 1989). To compound

  15. 10 YEARS AFTER NATO MEMBERSHIP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    ”10 years after NATO Membership. An Anniversary in the Shadow of a Crisis”, indeholder artikler fra politiske aktører, diplomater og forskere, der alle bidrog til til konferencen af samme navn, hvor den 10-året for baltisk medlemskab af NATO var omdrejningspunktet. Udover den danske...... forsvarsminister, er den estiske og litauiske forsvarsminister og NATO’s vicegeneralsekretær blandt bidragyderne. Konferencens formål var at fejre, inddrage og diskutere 10 års forsvarspolitisk NATO-samarbejde i Østersøområdet. Den internationale udvikling i Europa betød at konferencens dagsorden i stedet for kom...... billede af hvordan den russiske aggression på Krimhalvøen blev italesat af de repræsenterede landes Forsvarsministre samt fra hovedkvarteret i NATO. Konferencen blev afholdt tidligere i år i København, og var et resultat af et tæt samarbejde mellem Forsvarsakademiet, Forsvarsministeriet og ambassadørerne...

  16. 7 CFR 1260.111 - Fiscal year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal year. 1260.111 Section 1260.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.111 Fiscal year. Fiscal year means the calendar year or...

  17. 7 CFR 1215.7 - Fiscal year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal year. 1215.7 Section 1215.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Fiscal year. Fiscal year means the 12-month period from January 1 through December 31 each year, or...

  18. 7 CFR 1209.7 - Fiscal year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal year. 1209.7 Section 1209.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS....7 Fiscal year. Fiscal year means the 12-month period from January 1 to December 31 each year,...

  19. 7 CFR 1218.4 - Crop year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year. 1218.4 Section 1218.4 Agriculture... INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1218.4 Crop year. Crop year means the 12-month period from November 1 through October 31 of the following year or such other...

  20. 7 CFR 996.17 - Quota year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quota year. 996.17 Section 996.17 Agriculture... STANDARDS FOR DOMESTIC AND IMPORTED PEANUTS MARKETED IN THE UNITED STATES Definitions § 996.17 Quota year. Quota year means the 12-month period beginning January 1 and ending December 31 of the same year for...

  1. 7 CFR 1221.6 - Crop year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year. 1221.6 Section 1221.6 Agriculture... INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1221.6 Crop year. Crop year... calendar year in which sorghum is normally harvested. ...

  2. Fifty years of shear zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Rodney

    2017-04-01

    We are here, of course, because 1967 saw the publication of John Ramsay's famous book. Two years later a memorable field trip from Imperial College to the Outer Hebrides saw John on a bleak headland on the coast of North Uist where a relatively undeformed metadolerite within Lewisian (Precambrian) gneisses contained ductile shear zones with metamorphic fabrics in amphibolite facies. One particular outcrop was very special - a shear zone cutting otherwise completely isotropic, undeformed metadolerite, with an incremental foliation starting to develop at 45° to the deformation zone, and increasing in intensity as it approached the shear direction. Here was proof of the process of simple shear under ductile metamorphic conditions - the principles of simple shear outlined in John Ramsay's 1967 book clearly visible in nature, and verified by Ramsay's mathematical proofs in the eventual paper (Ramsay and Graham, 1970). Later work on the Lewisian on the mainland of Scotland, in South Harris, in Africa, and elsewhere applied Ramsay's simple shear principles more liberally, more imprecisely and on larger scale than at Caisteal Odair, but in retrospect it documented what seems now to be the generality of mid and lower crustal deformation. Deep seismic reflection data show us that on passive margins hyper-stretched continental crust (whether or not cloaked by Seaward Dipping Reflectors) seems to have collapsed onto the mantle. Crustal faults mostly sole out at or above the mantle - so the Moho is a detachment- an 'outer marginal detachment', if you like, and, of course, it must be a ductile shear. On non-volcanic margins this shear zone forms the first formed ocean floor before true sea floor spreading gets going to create real oceanic crust. Gianreto Manatschal, Marcel Lemoine and others realised that the serpentinites described in parts of the Alps are exposed remnants of this ductile shear zone. Associated ophicalcite breccias tell of sea floor exposure, while high

  3. 9 CFR 205.107 - Crop year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year. 205.107 Section 205.107... Regulations § 205.107 Crop year. (a) The crop year, according to which subsection (c)(2)(C)(ii)(IV) requires... calendar year in which it is harvested or to be harvested; (2) For animals, the calendar year in which they...

  4. 7 CFR 930.4 - Crop year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Crop year. 930.4 Section 930.4 Agriculture Regulations... Definitions § 930.4 Crop year. Crop year means the 12-month period beginning on July 1 of any year and ending on June 30 of the following year, or such other period as the Board, with the approval of the...

  5. THE ANALYSIS OF THE INTEGRATION BETWEEN İSTANBUL STOCK EXCHANGE (ISE AND THE STOCK EXCHANGES OF SOME DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES ON THE BASIS OF MAIN AND SECTOR INDEXES.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEVENT ÇITAK

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, there has been a substantial increase in the degree of integration between world financial markets. By utilizing cointegration analyses, this paper investigates the long-term relationships of İstanbul Stock Exchange (ISE with the stock exchanges of developed USA, Germany, UK, Japan and developing India and Malaysia over the period of January 1986-July 2006. The integration of ISE with main sector indices of countries are examined by dividing the 1986-2006 period into three sub-periods as well. The effects of financial liberalization in Turkey and global crises of 1998-1999 on the likely integation of ISE are investigated by examining the subperiods. In addition to the main indices of countries; industrial, financial and utılıty sector indices are included in the analyses in order to determine whether the integration differs among main sector indices. Italy, France and Spain are also included in the analyses based on main sector indices. The findings suggest that ISE has long term relationships with UK, USA, Germany and India main sector indices over the period of 1986-2006. ISE seems to have no long-tern relationships with any of the countries in any of the sub-periods. Findings reveal that ISE has no long-term relationships with any of the sector indices of countries except for a relationship with Italy industrial sector indice.

  6. TECHIRGHIOL - 115 YEARS OF BALNEOTHERAPY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SCIENTIFIC PROGRAM

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Friday, 27.06.2014 1600-1800 Session 1 „115 Ani de Balneologie la Techirghiol” 1600 – 1620 Drd. Liliana Elena Stanciu, medic specialist Recuperare, Medicină Fizică şi Balneologie, S.B.R.Techirghiol, „Sanatoriul Balnear şi de Recuperare Techirghiol – Unitate sanitară de reper naţional şi internaţional a balneologiei romaneşti” - L. E. Stanciu, C. Oprea, V. Rusu, E. V. Ionescu 1620 - 1640 Director de îngrijiri Carmen Oprea, doctorand kinetoterapeut „Politici de calitate la Sanatoriul Balnear şi de Recuperare Techirghiol” - C. Oprea, L. E. Stanciu, V. Rusu, E. V. Ionescu 1640 - 1700 Conf. Univ. Olga Surdu, medic primar Recuperare, Medicină Fizică şi Balneologie, doctor în Medicină, Universitatea Ovidiu Constanţa, Facultatea de Medicină, S.B.R.Techirghiol „Techirghiol – Privire retrospectivă asupra activităţii ştiinţifice din ultimii 10 ani” - O. Surdu, L. E. Stanciu, V. Marin, T-V Surdu, M. Surdu 1700 - 1730 Adrian Viorel Stan - primar Techirghiol - “Staţiunea Techirghiol – proiecte de dezvoltare” Saturday, 28.06.2014 900 – 1200 Session II „Mud therapy – international scientific news” 900 – 920 Prof.Mufit – Zeki Karagulle, Department of Medical Ecology and Hydroclimatology, Istanbul University, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Turkey “Mud therapy in the management of rheumatic diseases; our experience” - Mine Karagülle* and Müfit Zeki Karagülle** 920 – 940 Prof. Dr. Francisco Maraver - Professional School of Medical Hydrology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Dept. of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Medical Hydrology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense Madrid, Thalasso Center, San Pedro del Pinatar-Murcia, Spain “Current state of balneotherapy in Spain” 940 – 1000Assist Prof. Dr.Antonella Fioravanti, Rheumatology Unit - Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neurosciences, University of Siena, Italy “One year effectiveness of mud bath

  7. Year 2001 Tropical Cyclones of the World

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Year 2001 Tropical Cyclones of the World poster. During calendar year 2001, fifty tropical cyclones with sustained surface winds of at least 64 knots were observed...

  8. Year 2000 Tropical Cyclones of the World

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Year 2000 Tropical Cyclones of the World poster. During calendar year 2000, forty-five tropical cyclones with sustained surface winds of at least 64 knots were...

  9. Choking - adult or child over 1 year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdominal thrusts - adult or child over 1 year; Heimlich maneuver - adult or child over 1 year: Choking - back ... back blows, or both. To perform abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver): Stand behind the person and wrap your arms ...

  10. Yearly (Fiscal) Historical Electronic Services Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — This report contains yearly electronic services data for online applications. This report is updated monthly for the current fiscal year. The report is divided into...

  11. Gap Year: Time off, with a Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torpey, Elka Maria

    2009-01-01

    A gap year allows people to step off the usual educational or career path and reassess their future. According to people who have taken a gap year, the time away can be well worth it. This article can help a person decide whether to take a gap year and how to make the most of his time off. It describes what a gap year is, including its pros and…

  12. 7 CFR 915.6 - Fiscal year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal year. 915.6 Section 915.6 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Definitions § 915.6 Fiscal year. Fiscal year means the twelve-month period ending...

  13. 7 CFR 982.17 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 982.17 Section 982.17 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 982.17 Marketing year. Marketing year means the 12 months...

  14. 7 CFR 1205.320 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 1205.320 Section 1205.320 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.320 Marketing year. Marketing year means a consecutive 12...

  15. 7 CFR 984.7 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 984.7 Section 984.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Definitions § 984.7 Marketing year. Marketing year means the twelve months from September...

  16. 7 CFR 1221.3 - Calendar year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Calendar year. 1221.3 Section 1221.3 Agriculture... INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1221.3 Calendar year. Calendar year means the 12-month period from January 1 through December 31. ...

  17. 50 CFR 300.129 - Fishing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fishing year. 300.129 Section 300.129 Wildlife and Fisheries INTERNATIONAL FISHING AND RELATED ACTIVITIES INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES REGULATIONS Vessels of the United States Fishing in Colombian Treaty Waters § 300.129 Fishing year. The fishing year...

  18. 34 CFR 668.3 - Academic year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Academic year. 668.3 Section 668.3 Education..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS General § 668.3 Academic year. (a) General. Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, an academic year for a program of study must include...

  19. Negotiating the Curriculum: Surviving the First Year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poland, Molly

    2013-01-01

    Molly Poland is a first year English and Home Economics teacher who began her career in a small Far North Queensland town. In this article, she writes about her first year teaching and the last year of her degree and the challenges she faced as both teacher and student. Reading Boomer's "Negotiating the Curriculum" forced her to…

  20. 29 CFR 4010.5 - Information year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... REQUIREMENTS ANNUAL FINANCIAL AND ACTUARIAL INFORMATION REPORTING § 4010.5 Information year. (a) Determinations... years— If members of a controlled group (disregarding any exempt entity) report financial information on... as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, a person's information year is the fiscal year of...

  1. Perceptions of Teachers in Their First Year of School Restructuring: Failure to Make Adequate Yearly Progress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moser, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    The 2007-2008 school year marked the first year Florida's Title I schools that did not made Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) for five consecutive years entered into restructuring as mandated by the "No Child Left Behind Act" of 2001. My study examines the perceptions of teacher entering into their first year of school restructuring due to…

  2. PHMC Year 2000 handbook: Volume 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Layfield, K.A.

    1998-09-02

    The PHMC [Project Hanford Management Contract] Year 2000 Project involves the effective cooperation and participation of the Year 2000 Project Office, FDH Project Direction, FDH Chief Information Officer, major subcontractors and DynCorp. The primary responsibilities of the Year 2000 Project Office is to develop and facilitate a Year 2000 approach, provide an awareness program, report status, and perform compliance assurance reviews. The primary responsibility of the FDH Project Directors is to direct the major subcontractors, and DynCorp toward the successful completion of Year 2000 activities.

  3. Intrauterine Device Removal after 22 Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tahereh Boryri

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available IUD T380A is one of the most effective, reversible, long term methods of contraception all over the world based on the experience of World Health Organization and our own observation of women who continued to use the IUD beyond 10 years or even longer years. In this article one case of Intrauterine device removal after 22 years is reported without complications and pregnancy.

  4. Postmarks for the Year of the Tiger

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    This is the year of the tiger, according to the traditional Chinese lunar calendar, which used twelve animals to symbolize each year in The and Telecommunications has issued a set of "tiger Stamps" to commemorate the event, complete with postmarks issued by local post authorities. Shown here are postmarks from one bears the chinese characters “戊寅” (read as "wu yin"), which is how this year is marked on the Chinese lunar Calendar.

  5. 50 years of membership in AGU recognized

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recently seven members who joined the Union in 1941 received their gold pins in recognition of 50 years of membership in the Union. They join the distinguished ranks of the other 50-year members, all of whom are listed below by the year they joined. 1941 Max Bookman, Desmond F. Glynn, William F. Guyton, Kenneth E. Lohman, Charles Miron, Russell W. Revell, and Wilbur T. Stuart

  6. Adolescent pregnancy: a 25-year review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, J F; Westney, L S; Lawyer, C J

    1987-04-01

    A five-year update of a previous 20-year study of adolescent pregnancy is presented. For the 25-year period, data were collected on 2,789 adolescents. Prematurity and low birth weight infants continue to have a high incidence in adolescent pregnancy. This study found that there has been a significant decrease in preeclampsia and toxemia of pregnancy and a large increase in the incidence of cesarean section.

  7. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  8. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2009

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  9. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  10. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  11. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  12. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  13. Immigration Enforcement Actions: Fiscal Year 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Each year, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) undertakes immigration enforcement actions involving hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals. These actions...

  14. NASA EEE Parts 2014 Year in Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sara-Anne

    2015-01-01

    The NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging Program continue to support Electrical, Electronic and Electromagnetic Parts for the agency with an eventful year of workshops, innovations, testing and challenges.

  15. Suicide rates in five-year age-bands after the age of 60 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shah, Ajit; Bhat, Ravi; Zarate-Escudero, Sofia

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is paucity of studies examining suicide rates in narrow five-year age-bands after the age of 60 years. This study examined suicide rates in eight five-year age-bands between the age of 60 and 99 years because this will allow more precise comparison between the young old (60......-79 years) and the oldest old (80+ years) age groups. METHODS: Data on the number of suicides (International Classification of Diseases - ICD-10 codes, X60-84) in each of the eight five-year age-bands between the age-bands 60-64 years and 95-99 years in both gender for as many years as possible from 2000...... website. RESULTS: In men, suicide rates continued to increase for each of the seven five-year age-bands from 60-64 years to 90-94 years age-band, and then declined slightly for the 95-99 year age-band. In women, suicide rates continued to increase for each of the six five-year age-bands from 60-64 years...

  16. Riding the First-Year Roller Coaster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moir, Ellen

    2013-01-01

    A teacher's first year of teaching can feel like a sink-or-swim experience. Instead of making steady progress toward becoming a great teacher, in their first year, many teachers become overwhelmed by the daily demands of their own classrooms. As founder and CEO of New Teacher Center, an organization focused on understanding and meeting the…

  17. The Year We Learned to Collaborate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Janice; Contreras, Kathia

    2011-01-01

    In 2008-09, Colegio Ingles had a watershed year in terms of teachers learning to enhance one another's skills. Beneath a deceptively congenial surface, teachers at this Mexican preK-9th grade school were avoiding professional confrontations and rarely observed one another's classes or shared teaching solutions and innovations. That same year, the…

  18. Anton Chekhov: Yalta Years, 1899-1904.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinkle, Lydle

    Anton Pavlovich Chekhov spent 6 of the last 7 years of his life at Yalta (located on the Crimean Peninsula) where he had a house constructed in order that he might live in a climate favorable to his failing health. During these years Chekhov married the actress Olga Knipper and met Leo Tolstoy, who was near the end of his life. Chekhov also…

  19. 7 CFR 1216.11 - Fiscal year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal year. 1216.11 Section 1216.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1216.11 Fiscal year....

  20. Paraprofessional of the Year 2009: Tina Adams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, John N., III

    2009-01-01

    There is no doubt among the staff and managers at North Carolina State University (NCSU) Libraries, Raleigh, that advanced library technician Tina Adams deserves to be the winner of the "Library Journal's "Paraprofessional of the Year Award for 2009." "Certainly this library has never seen anyone like her before, not in my nine years on staff,"…

  1. The Survival of the Two Year College (!?!).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkwood, Robert

    Issues that are basic to the present and future well being of 2-year colleges are discussed. These issues concern the need for 2-year colleges to rid themselves of their inferiority complex and to provide: broadened possibilities for curricular development; opportunity for helping people of all ages and background fulfill their educational needs;…

  2. The Year We Learned to Collaborate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Janice; Contreras, Kathia

    2011-01-01

    In 2008-09, Colegio Ingles had a watershed year in terms of teachers learning to enhance one another's skills. Beneath a deceptively congenial surface, teachers at this Mexican preK-9th grade school were avoiding professional confrontations and rarely observed one another's classes or shared teaching solutions and innovations. That same year, the…

  3. 2001 – 2010 Danish Design Reference Year

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunnet Wang, Peter; Scharling, Mikael; Pagh Nielsen, Kristian

    This report presents the Danish Design Reference Year based on observed data from 2001 – 2010. In various sectors - i.e. building and construction, energy, etc. - the climate and weather usually plays a part in a given project. The Danish Design Reference Year dataset is a collection of data series...

  4. Early Years Students' Relationships with Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Miwa Aoki; Towers, Jo; Plosz, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    Early years mathematics experiences have been shown to be a significant predictor for students' school readiness and future mathematics achievement. Previous research also indicates an important connection between emotion and mathematics learning. How do students in early years education in Alberta describe their emotional relationship with…

  5. Three Years of Teen Court Offender Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forgays, Deborah Kirby

    2008-01-01

    Since 1983, Teen Courts have offered a judicial alternative for many adolescent offenders. In the first year of the Whatcom County Teen Court Program, a small sample of Teen Court offenders had more favorable outcomes than did Court Diversion offenders. In the current study, the results are based on a three-year sample of 84 Whatcom County…

  6. Statistics Concerning Indian Education, Fiscal Year 1973.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrand, Alice S., Comp.

    American Indian children attend public, Federal, private, and mission schools. In fiscal year 1973 there were 187,613 Indians (aged 5 to 18 years) enrolled in these schools in the U.S. Of these 68.5 percent attended public schools; 25.6 percent attended Federal schools; and 5.9 percent attended mission and other schools. The Bureau of Indian…

  7. Making It through the First Year

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raths, David

    2009-01-01

    As much as it is eagerly anticipated, freshman year is often a time of confusion, disorientation, and even alienation for many students. One in four college freshmen will drop out before completing sophomore year. The reasons for this high level of withdrawal vary, but a report suggests that new students often feel overwhelmed and unprepared for…

  8. Sterrekundig Instituut Utrecht: The Last Years

    CERN Document Server

    Keller, Christoph U

    2012-01-01

    I describe the last years of the 370-year long life of the Sterrekundig Instituut Utrecht, which was the second-oldest university observatory in the world and was closed in early 2012 after the Faculty of Science and the Board of Utrecht University decided, without providing qualitative or quantitative arguments, to remove astrophysics from its research and education portfolio.

  9. Riding the First-Year Roller Coaster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moir, Ellen

    2013-01-01

    A teacher's first year of teaching can feel like a sink-or-swim experience. Instead of making steady progress toward becoming a great teacher, in their first year, many teachers become overwhelmed by the daily demands of their own classrooms. As founder and CEO of New Teacher Center, an organization focused on understanding and meeting the…

  10. 50 CFR 622.30 - Fishing years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Spanish mackerel. The fishing year for the king and Spanish mackerel bag limits specified in § 622.39(c)(1) is January 1 through December 31. The following fishing years apply only for the king and Spanish.... (2) Gulf migratory group Spanish mackerel—April through March. (3) South Atlantic migratory...

  11. Delaying the Academy: A Gap Year Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Shea, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    This investigation serves as one of the first empirical analyses to examine the international volunteering gap year from an educational perspective, concluding an in-depth case study of a prominent gap year organisation in the UK. Contrary to widespread industry promotion of international development, the findings suggest that the experience can…

  12. A Seven Year Study of Client Characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharf, Richard S.

    Counselors have speculated about changes in their clientele from year to year. From 1977 through 1984 between 1,175 and 1,575 students annually have used the counseling services at the University of Delaware. For each client, counselors conducted intake interviews and then completed forms with information on client characteristics. The infomation…

  13. Atmospheric oxygenation three billion years ago

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Crowe, Sean; Døssing, Lasse Nørbye; Beukes, Nicolas J.;

    2013-01-01

    It is widely assumedthat atmospheric oxygen concentrations remained persistently low (less than 1025 timespresent levels) for about the first 2 billion years of Earth’s history1. The first long-term oxygenation of the atmosphere is thought tohave taken place around2.3 billion years ago, during th...

  14. Early Years Students' Relationships with Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Miwa Aoki; Towers, Jo; Plosz, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    Early years mathematics experiences have been shown to be a significant predictor for students' school readiness and future mathematics achievement. Previous research also indicates an important connection between emotion and mathematics learning. How do students in early years education in Alberta describe their emotional relationship with…

  15. China's Electric Power Industry over 60 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The year 2009 marks the 60th anniversary of the People's Republic of China.During the 60 years when the new China continuously developed and got stronger,China's power industry supplied streams of electricity for economic development and people's life,making outstanding contributions to China's growth.

  16. China's Electric Power Industry over 60 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Staff Editors; Zhu Li

    2009-01-01

    @@ The year 2009 marks the 60th anniversary of the People's Republic of China. During the 60 years when the new China continuously developed and got stronger, China's power industry supplied streams of electricity for economic development and people's life, making outstanding contributions to China's growth.

  17. Trendwatcher or trendsetter: 50 years of MTAA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Bruin, M.; Bode, P.

    2011-01-01

    The development on neutron activation analysis (NAA) into a technique of practical interest effectively started about 60 years ago, when nuclear reactors became available and widely accessible as intense sources of neutrons. During 50 out these 60 years, the series of Modern Trends in Activation Ana

  18. How Grammatical Are 3-Year-Olds?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenberg, Sarita L.; Guo, Ling-Yu; Germezia, Mor

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This study investigated the level of grammatical accuracy in typically developing 3-year-olds and the types of errors they produce. Method: Twenty-two 3-year-olds participated in a picture description task. The percentage of grammatical utterances was computed and error types were analyzed. Results: The mean level of grammatical accuracy…

  19. Atmospheric oxygenation three billion years ago

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Crowe, Sean; Døssing, Lasse Nørbye; Beukes, Nicolas J.

    2013-01-01

    It is widely assumedthat atmospheric oxygen concentrations remained persistently low (less than 1025 timespresent levels) for about the first 2 billion years of Earth’s history1. The first long-term oxygenation of the atmosphere is thought tohave taken place around2.3 billion years ago, during th...

  20. Delaying the Academy: A Gap Year Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Shea, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    This investigation serves as one of the first empirical analyses to examine the international volunteering gap year from an educational perspective, concluding an in-depth case study of a prominent gap year organisation in the UK. Contrary to widespread industry promotion of international development, the findings suggest that the experience can…

  1. Personal Reflections on 35 Years of "BJSE"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilstone, Christina

    2008-01-01

    Christina Tilstone was, for many years, the editor of "BJSE" and subsequently became the chair of the Editorial Board for the nasen journals. She is therefore in an excellent position to reflect upon the contribution the journal has made to the field over the past 35 years. In this article, she traces the origins of the journal back over…

  2. Sixty years of antimicrobial use in animals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guardabassi, Luca

    2013-01-01

    This, the last in our series of feature articles celebrating 125 years of Veterinary Record, aims to provide an overview of antimicrobial use in animals. Starting with a journey through the history of antimicrobial use in animals, Luca Guardabassi gives his opinion on the current zoonotic risks...... associated with antimicrobial resistance and on how these risks might be tackled in the years to come....

  3. Fifty years of science, memories, and events

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    In 2004 CERN celebrates its 50th anniversary. More precisely, on Wednesday 29 September 2004, the signature of the convention that established CERN will be 50 years old. During this special year, CERN's public web site will host a celebratory Fiftieth Anniversary web site.

  4. 2 years versus 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab for HER2-positive breast cancer (HERA)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Goldhirsch, Aron; Gelber, Richard D; Piccart-Gebhart, Martine J

    2013-01-01

    Trastuzumab has established efficacy against breast cancer with overexpression or amplification of the HER2 oncogene. The standard of care is 1 year of adjuvant trastuzumab, but the optimum duration of treatment is unknown. We compared 2 years of treatment with trastuzumab with 1 year of treatmen......, and updated the comparison of 1 year of trastuzumab versus observation at a median follow-up of 8 years, for patients enrolled in the HERceptin Adjuvant (HERA) trial....

  5. Contributions of Two-Year Institutions to Four-Year Completions. Snapshot™ Report, Spring 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Student Clearinghouse, 2015

    2015-01-01

    In the 2013-14 academic year, 46 percent of students who completed a degree at a four-year institution were enrolled at a two-year institution at some point in the previous 10 years. This is a one percentage point increase over the comparable figure for degrees awarded in 2010-11. The prior two-year enrollment may have been brief (as little as a…

  6. Three years of an intensive Programme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Jens Myrup; Lopez, Jose Manuel Guterrez Lopez; Kirikova, Marite

    2015-01-01

    This paper summarizes valuable experiences and learning points from three years of the Erasmus funded Intensive Programme on “Implementing Europe’s Future Broadband Infrastructure”. The programme consisted of a course held each year 2012-2014 during two weeks of July, where 30-35 students and 10...... by a week of project work. The topics of the first week were defined to support the project work in the following week. The projects were based on real-life problems proposed by companies, and had to be solved in student groups with a mix of nationalities and educational backgrounds. Among the key learning......-12 teachers from the 4 participating universities would meet in the location of one of the partner institutions. During the three years, the programme was each year adjusted according to the observations and evaluations from the previous year. The course was organized as a week of course modules, followed...

  7. Good year, bad year: changing strategies, changing networks? A two-year study on seed acquisition in northern Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chloé Violon

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of seed exchange networks at a single point in time may reify sporadic relations into apparently fixed and long-lasting ones. In northern Cameroon, where environment is not only strongly seasonal but also shows unpredictable interannual variation, farmers' social networks are flexible from year to year. When adjusting their strategies, Tupuri farmers do not systematically solicit the same partners to acquire the desired propagules. Seed acquisitions documented during a single cropping season may thus not accurately reflect the underlying larger social network that can be mobilized at the local level. To test this hypothesis, we documented, at the outset of two cropping seasons (2010 and 2011, the relationships through which seeds were acquired by the members of 16 households in a Tupuri community. In 2011, farmers faced sudden failure of the rains and had to solicit distant relatives, highlighting their ability to quickly trigger specific social relations to acquire necessary seeding material. Observing the same set of individuals during two successive years and the seed sources they solicited in each year enabled us to discriminate repeated relations from sporadic ones. Although farmers did not acquire seeds from the same individuals from one year to the next, they relied on quite similar relational categories of people. However, the worse weather conditions during the second year led to (1 a shift from red sorghum seeds to pearl millet seeds, (2 a geographical extension of the network, and (3 an increased participation of women in seed acquisitions. In critical situations, women mobilized their own kin almost exclusively. We suggest that studying the seed acquisition network over a single year provides a misrepresentation of the underlying social network. Depending on the difficulties farmers face, they may occasionally call on relationships that transcend the local relationships used each year.

  8. Atmospheric oxygenation three billion years ago.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowe, Sean A; Døssing, Lasse N; Beukes, Nicolas J; Bau, Michael; Kruger, Stephanus J; Frei, Robert; Canfield, Donald E

    2013-09-26

    It is widely assumed that atmospheric oxygen concentrations remained persistently low (less than 10(-5) times present levels) for about the first 2 billion years of Earth's history. The first long-term oxygenation of the atmosphere is thought to have taken place around 2.3 billion years ago, during the Great Oxidation Event. Geochemical indications of transient atmospheric oxygenation, however, date back to 2.6-2.7 billion years ago. Here we examine the distribution of chromium isotopes and redox-sensitive metals in the approximately 3-billion-year-old Nsuze palaeosol and in the near-contemporaneous Ijzermyn iron formation from the Pongola Supergroup, South Africa. We find extensive mobilization of redox-sensitive elements through oxidative weathering. Furthermore, using our data we compute a best minimum estimate for atmospheric oxygen concentrations at that time of 3 × 10(-4) times present levels. Overall, our findings suggest that there were appreciable levels of atmospheric oxygen about 3 billion years ago, more than 600 million years before the Great Oxidation Event and some 300-400 million years earlier than previous indications for Earth surface oxygenation.

  9. Cassini Solstice Mission Maneuver Experience: Year One

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Sean V.; Arrieta, Juan; Ballard, Christopher G.; Hahn, Yungsun; Stumpf, Paul W.; Valerino, Powtawche N.

    2011-01-01

    The Cassini-Huygens spacecraft began its four-year Prime Mission to study Saturn's system in July 2004. Two tour extensions followed: a two-year Equinox Mission beginning in July 2008 and a seven-year Solstice Mission starting in September 2010. This paper highlights Cassini maneuver activities from June 2010 through June 2011, covering the transition from the Equinox to Solstice Mission. This interval included 38 scheduled maneuvers, nine targeted Titan flybys, three targeted Enceladus flybys, and one close Rhea flyby. In addition, beyond the demanding nominal navigation schedule, numerous unforeseen challenges further complicated maneuver operations. These challenges will be discussed in detail.

  10. To Our Readers In the New Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    WITH the deepening of China’s reform and the expansion of the policy of opening to the world, we greet the year 1995. A new year means a chance for development and a new beginning for any person or career. The editorial department of Women of China sends its best wishes to all our readers. Women of China magazine has entered its 39th year since its establishment. With love and concern from our large readership, the magazine has made friends with readers from countries and regions all over the

  11. Aspects of dual models many years ago

    CERN Document Server

    Corrigan, E

    2008-01-01

    In October 1969, almost forty years ago I started my three years as a graduate student in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Cambridge. During the previous year, as was customary then, I took Part III of the Mathematics Tripos. This was a thorough grounding in many of the tools then useful in elementary particle theory. However, by today's standards, it was lacking in some respects, especially in the area of quantum field theory - the most notable omission being any mention of Yang-Mills gauge theory.

  12. Weather Test Reference Year of Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragh, Jesper; Pedersen, Frank; Svendsen, Svend

    2005-01-01

    The building code of Greenland from 1982 is to be revised in the coming years fulfilling the increased demand of more energy efficient buildings. To establish appropriate levels of energy consumption for heating the weather conditions have to be analyzed. The purpose of this paper is to describe...... test reference year is constructed using measurements from the town Uummannaq located in the north part of Greenland on the west coast. The construction of the test reference years fulfills the procedures described in the standard EN ISO 15927-4 using the following main weather parameters: Dry bulb...

  13. Weather Test Reference Year of Greenland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragh, Jesper; Pedersen, Frank; Svendsen, Svend

    2005-01-01

    The building code of Greenland from 1982 is to be revised in the coming years fulfilling the increased demand of more energy efficient buildings. To establish appropriate levels of energy consumption for heating the weather conditions have to be analyzed. The purpose of this paper is to describe...... test reference year is constructed using measurements from the town Uummannaq located in the north part of Greenland on the west coast. The construction of the test reference years fulfills the procedures described in the standard EN ISO 15927-4 using the following main weather parameters: Dry bulb...

  14. Annual Narrative Report: Fiscal Year 1976

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1976 calendar year. The report begins with an introduction to...

  15. The Year's New Drugs & Biologics - 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graul, Ann I; Sorbera, Lisa; Pina, Patricia; Tell, Montse; Cruces, Elisabet; Rosa, Esmeralda; Stringer, Mark; Castañer, Rosa; Revel, Laura

    2010-01-01

    This annual article presents new drugs and biologics that were launched or approved for the first time during the previous year. In 2009, 51 new medicines and vaccines reached their first markets. Line extensions (new indications, new formulations and new combinations of previously marketed products) accounted for more than 30% of the new products launched in 2009. In addition to providing an overview of all drugs and biologics launched or approved for the first time ever in the previous year, this article will also review in further depth the first-in-class drugs launched for the first time last year, providing a better understanding of their novel mechanisms of action; an analysis of the discovery and development periods for the year's new products; and a comprehensive overview of drug repositioning as a strategy for extending the life spans of medicines. We also provide a brief glimpse at selected drugs and biologics which could reach their first markets in the foreseeable future.

  16. Narrative report for calendar year 1968

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Devils Lake Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments for the calendar year of 1968. The report begins by summarizing the...

  17. Offspring of Depressed Parents: 20 Years Later

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Weissman, Myrna M; Wickramaratne, Priya; Warner, Virginia; Nomura, Yoko; Pilowsky, Daniel; Verdeli, Helen

    2006-01-01

    Objective: This study was a 20-year follow-up of offspring of depressed and nondepressed parents to determine the magnitude and continuity of the risk of parental depression to the offspring. Method...

  18. Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge : Fiscal Year 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge summarizes Refuge activities during the 2002 fiscal year. The report begins with an introduction...

  19. Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge : Fiscal Year 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge summarizes Refuge activities during the 2000 fiscal year. The report begins with an introduction...

  20. Launching PPARC's five year strategy programme

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Over one hundred delegates from Parliament, Whitehall and Industry attended a reception on Tuesday night (25 November) to mark the launch the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council's (PPARC) Five Year Plan" (1 page).

  1. Windom Wetland Management District : Calendar Year 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Windom Wetland Management District summarizes activities during the 2005 calendar year. The report begins with an introduction to...

  2. Windom Wetland Management District : Calendar Year 2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Windom Wetland Management District summarizes activities during the 2004 calendar year. The report begins with an introduction to...

  3. Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge : Fiscal Year 2001

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge summarizes Refuge activities during the 2001 fiscal year. The report begins with an introduction...

  4. Six-Year Review Contaminant Occurrence Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) requires EPA to review each National Primary Drinking Water Regulation (NPDWR) at least once every six years and revise them, if...

  5. Windom Wetland Management District : Calendar Year 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Windom Wetland Management District summarizes activities during the 2007 calendar year. The report begins with an introduction to...

  6. Narrative report for calendar year 1966

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Devils Lake Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments for the calendar year of 1966. The report begins by summarizing...

  7. Disabled Children Face Bullying Throughout School Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/news/fullstory_162772.html Disabled Children Face Bullying Throughout School Years More must be done to ... 29, 2016 WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Bullying is a problem that affects almost all students ...

  8. Three-year extension for SCOAP3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    The CERN particle-physics lab near Geneva has announced that the SCOAP3 initiative to provide open access to journal articles written by particle physicists will be extended for three years to December 2019.

  9. Windom Wetland Management District : Calendar Year 2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Windom Wetland Management District summarizes activities during the 2006 calendar year. The report begins with an introduction to...

  10. Windom Wetland Management District : Fiscal Year 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Windom Wetland Management District summarizes activities during the 2003 fiscal year. The report begins with an introduction to the...

  11. Windom Wetland Management District : Fiscal Year 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Windom Wetland Management District summarizes activities during the 2002 fiscal year. The report begins with an introduction to the...

  12. Windom Wetland Management District : Calendar Year 2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Windom Wetland Management District summarizes activities during the 2008 calendar year. The report begins with an introduction to...

  13. Windom Wetland Management District : Fiscal Year 2001

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Windom Wetland Management District summarizes activities during the 2001 fiscal year. The report begins with an introduction to the...

  14. Narrative report for calendar year 1970

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Devils Lake Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments for the calendar year of 1970. The report begins by summarizing...

  15. Narrative report for calendar year 1971

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1971 calendar year. The report begins by summarizing...

  16. The National Report--Five Years Later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Bob R.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Six theme articles assess the impact five years later of the National Academy of Sciences report, "Understanding Agriculture." Topics discussed include strategic planning, agricultural education's mission, teacher education, policy research needs, and agricultural literacy. (SK)

  17. [13-Year old boy with abdominal pain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomassen, Irene; Klinkhamer, Paul J J M; van de Poll, Marcel C G

    2012-01-01

    A 13-year old boy presents with pain in the lower right abdomen, showing clinical signs of appendicitis. During McBurney' incision an appendix sana was seen. Histologic examination showed penetrating enterobiasis. This was treated with mebendazol.

  18. ESRD QIP - Vascular Access - Payment Year 2017

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Payment Year 2015 ESRD QIP data by facility: % hemodialysis patients using an arteriovenous fistula, % hemodialysis patients using an intravenous catheter

  19. ESRD QIP - Vascular Access - Payment Year 2015

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Payment Year 2015 ESRD QIP data by facility: % hemodialysis patients using an arteriovenous fistula, % hemodialysis patients using an intravenous catheter

  20. Your Child's Development: 1 Year (12 Months)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Your Child's Checkup: 1 Year (12 Months) Your Baby's Growth: 12 Months Your Baby's Hearing, Vision, and Other Senses: 12 Months Sleep and Your 8- to 12-Month-Old Growth ...

  1. President's Fiscal Year 2016 Budget Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Executive Office of the President — Each year, after the President's State of the Union address, the Office of Management and Budget releases the Administration's Budget, offering proposals on key...

  2. Windom Wetland Management District : Fiscal Year 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Windom Wetland Management District summarizes activities during the 2000 fiscal year. The report begins with an introduction to the...

  3. Visiting The Pediatrician: The First Year

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Visiting The Pediatrician: The First Year Page Content Article Body Why does my baby need to see the pediatrician so often? You probably will see more ...

  4. International Polar Year Historical Data and Literature

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The International Polar Year Historical Data and Literature collection (formerly known as the Discovery and Access of Historic Literature from the IPYs (DAHLI)...

  5. Rattlesnake Creek Management Program 12-year review

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Rattlesnake Creek Partnership (Partnership) was formed over 18 years ago to cooperatively develop and implement solutions to water resource problems within the...

  6. 70+ Years of the Watson Integrals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zucker, I. J.

    2011-11-01

    Watson (Q. J. Math. Oxford 10:266-276, 1939) published in 1939 the evaluation of three integrals submitted to him, which had arisen from a problem in physics (van Pepye in Physica 5:465-482, 1938). Over the years these integrals have continued to occur in other aspects of physics such as random walk problems. This article reviews these integrals and generalisations over the past 70 years.

  7. Seventy Years of the Journal "Medical Archives".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masic, Izet

    2016-02-01

    This year journal "Medical Archives" celebrates 70th anniversary of its continuing publication. Medical Archives is oldest biomedical journal in Bosnia and Herzegovina and one of the oldest medical journals in Europe, established in the year 1947, as official scientific and professional journal of Association of Physicians of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Until present Medical Archives has published over 5000 articles. Today Medical Archives is internationally recognized medical peer-reviewed indexed journal, visible in more than 30 international on-line databases.

  8. 2009 International Year of Astronomy (IYA2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiseman, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    400 years ago, Galileo first turned a telescope to the sky, and to honor that historic moment, 2009 has been designated the International Year of Astronomy (IYA2009). This session will feature two scientists who have used the telescope to understand our solar system and well beyond to yield fantastic new discoveries. Jennifer Wiseman will share the work she does with NASA, presenting beautiful and tantalizing images from the Hubble Space Telescope and discussing how space astronomy can inspire all ages.

  9. Lanthanum carbonate: safety data after 10years

    OpenAIRE

    Hutchison, Alastair

    2016-01-01

    Despite 10years of post-marketing safety monitoring of the phosphatebinder lanthanum carbonate, concerns about aluminium-like accumulationand toxicity persist. Here, we present a concise overview of the safety profileof lanthanum carbonate and interim results from a 5-year observationaldatabase study (SPD405-404; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00567723). Thepharmacokinetic paradigms of lanthanum and aluminium are different inthat lanthanum is minimally absorbed and eliminated via the hepat...

  10. Environmental releases for calendar year 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greager, E.M.

    1997-07-31

    This report presents data on radioactive and nonradioactive materials released into the environment during calendar year 1996 from facilities and activities managed by the Fluor Daniel Hanford, Incorporated (formerly the Westinghouse Hanford Company) and Bechtel Hanford, Incorporated. Fluor Daniel Hanford, Incorporated provides effluent monitoring services for Bechtel Hanford, Incorporated, which includes release reporting. Both summary and detailed presentations of the environmental releases are provided. When appropriate, comparisons to data from previous years are made.

  11. Hereditary angioedema:44 years of diagnostic delay

    OpenAIRE

    Peterson, M.P.; Bygum, A

    2016-01-01

    We report a 64-year-old man who suffered from recurrent visible swelling attacks since the age of 20 as well as episodes with severe upper airway edema, resulting in 4 emergency tracheotomies. Eventually after 44 years he was diagnosed with hereditary angioedema (HAE) type II. The aims of this report is to emphasize the importance of awareness concerning HAE, which does not respond to traditional anti-allergic therapy, and remind physicians to test for functional C1-INH deficiency.

  12. Budget estimates fiscal year 1995: Volume 10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-02-01

    This report contains the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) fiscal year budget justification to Congress. The budget provides estimates for salaries and expenses and for the Office of the Inspector General for fiscal year 1995. The NRC 1995 budget request is $546,497,000. This is an increase of $11,497,000 above the proposed level for FY 1994. The NRC FY 1995 budget request is 3,218 FTEs. This is a decrease of 75 FTEs below the 1994 proposed level.

  13. 2009 International Year of Astronomy (IYA2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiseman, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    400 years ago, Galileo first turned a telescope to the sky, and to honor that historic moment, 2009 has been designated the International Year of Astronomy (IYA2009). This session will feature two scientists who have used the telescope to understand our solar system and well beyond to yield fantastic new discoveries. Jennifer Wiseman will share the work she does with NASA, presenting beautiful and tantalizing images from the Hubble Space Telescope and discussing how space astronomy can inspire all ages.

  14. Happy New Year from Queensland, Australia.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Denise; Noblet

    2002-01-01

    I hope you enjoyed a magical celebration. I have had an exciting time here.In Australia, we celebrate New Year’s Eve with champagne and parties. At 10seconds to midnight, everyone stops to count in the new year at full volume, beforeshouting" Happy New Year", kissing the nearest person, and breaking into araucous (沙哑的) version of "Auld Lang Syne". Loud cheers resound in hotels,halls, nightclubs and backyards across the country.

  15. Occupational Asthma -- The Last 50 Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moira Chan-yeung

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available It was indeed a great honour for me to be this year's Christie Memorial Lecturer. Although I have not been fortunate enough to have had personal contact with Professor Christie, one of the greatest lung physiologists of our time, I have had the opportunity over the years of interacting with and learning from the group working in the laboratory named after him - the Meakins-Christie Laboratories - as a member of the Respiratory Health Network of Centres of Excellence, Canada.

  16. Perflubron residua: 12 years following therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Servaes, Sabah; Epelman, Monica [Children' s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Radiology, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

    2009-04-15

    Partial liquid ventilation therapy utilizing perfluorocarbons has been used for patients with severe respiratory distress. Perfluorocarbons such as perflubron have been demonstrated to clear from the lungs shortly after therapy. We present a 13-year-old boy with residual perflubron in his lungs, 12 years following therapy with perflubron. The imaging features are important to recognize as these patients return for additional care and imaging. (orig.)

  17. SLEEP HABITS AMONG FIRST YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Neera; Varun; Yogesh

    2016-01-01

    Sleep is part of the rhythm of life; without a good sleep the mind is less adaptive, mood is altered and the body loses the ability to refresh. The sleep-wake cycle of medical students is quite different and sleep deprivation, poor sleep quality, occurrence of napping episodes during the day. This study was designed to assess sleep habits in first year medical students. MATERIAL AND METHODS Participants of this study were healthy medical students of first year MBBS course of S...

  18. The Road Was Fifty Years Long

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    TIBET has always been a place of worldconcern. After the Democratic Reformin 1959, Tibet turned into a socialist societyfrom the former feudal serf system, whichwas an unprecedented historical step. Forforty years since then, the peace anddevelopment of Tibet have received specialattention and concern from the centralgovernment. Du Qiyuan, the president ofTibet Women’s Federation who grew up andhas worked in Tibet for years told me about

  19. Environmental releases for calendar year 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diediker, L.P., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-07-30

    This report presents data on radioactive and nonradioactive materials released into the environment during calendar year 1995 from facilities managed by the Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) and monitored by Bechtel Hanford, Incorporated (BHI). WHC provides effluent monitoring services for BHI, which includes release reporting. Both summary and detailed presentations of the environmental releases are provided. When appropriate,comparisons to data from previous years are made.

  20. Lurpak: Ready for another 100 years?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.

    2001-01-01

    The Lur mark - the forerunner and very foundation of Lurpak butter - celebrates its 100th anniversary this year. That is an unusual and impressive lifetime for a consumer goods brand and something Danish dairy sector can be proud of.......The Lur mark - the forerunner and very foundation of Lurpak butter - celebrates its 100th anniversary this year. That is an unusual and impressive lifetime for a consumer goods brand and something Danish dairy sector can be proud of....

  1. Expectations of a Five-Year-Old

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    When celebrating the birthday of a five-year-old child, there is never a shortage of good wishes and the hope that the child will have a bright future. However, in spite of these sentiments, one cannot help wondering what kind of person the child will finally grow into. The same concern applies when we observe the five-year-old Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).

  2. Common Diagnostic Test Results Over the Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aruvee Eve

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, common test results over the years 2000 – 2016 are analysed. The test questions for new entrants were based on secondary school mathematics. The students took the test in the first lesson of the higher mathematics course. The test results were analysed by years, by tasks and by specialities, and their differences were found. The test results’ dependence on state-exams score was studied and other types of dependence were looked at.

  3. Changes in coffee intake and subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes: three large cohorts of US men and women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhupathiraju, Shilpa N; Pan, An; Manson, JoAnn E; Willett, Walter C; van Dam, Rob M; Hu, Frank B

    2014-07-01

    Coffee and tea consumption has been associated with a lower type 2 diabetes risk but little is known about how changes in coffee and tea consumption influence subsequent type 2 diabetes risk. We examined the associations between 4 year changes in coffee and tea consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in the subsequent 4 years. We prospectively followed 48,464 women in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS; 1986-2006), 47,510 women in NHS II (1991-2007) and 27,759 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS; 1986-2006). Diet was assessed every 4 years using a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Self-reported cases of incident type 2 diabetes were validated by supplementary questionnaires. During 1,663,319 person-years of follow-up, we documented 7,269 cases of incident type 2 diabetes. Participants who increased their coffee consumption by more than 1 cup/day (median change = 1.69 cups/day) over a 4 year period had an 11% (95% CI 3%, 18%) lower risk of type 2 diabetes in the subsequent 4 years compared with those who made no changes in consumption. Participants who decreased their coffee intake by more than 1 cup/day (median change = -2 cups/day) had a 17% (95% CI 8%, 26%) higher risk for type 2 diabetes. Changes in tea consumption were not associated with type 2 diabetes risk. Our data provide novel evidence that increasing coffee consumption over a 4 year period is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, while decreasing coffee consumption is associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes in subsequent years.

  4. Twenty-year survivors of kidney transplantation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Traynor, C

    2012-12-01

    There have been few studies of patients with renal allografts functioning for more than 20 years. We sought to identify clinical factors associated with ultra long-term (>20 year) renal allograft survival and to describe the clinical features of these patients. We performed a retrospective analysis of the Irish Renal Transplant Database and included 1174 transplants in 1002 patients. There were 255 (21.74%) patients with graft function for 20 years or more. Multivariate analysis identified recipient age (HR 1.01, CI 1.01-1.02), gender (male HR 1.25, CI 1.08-1.45), acute rejection (HR 1.26, CI 1.09-1.45) and transplant type (living related donor vs. deceased donor) (HR 0.52, CI 0.40-0.66) as significantly associated with long-term graft loss. Median serum creatinine was 115 μmol\\/L. The 5-year graft survival in 20-year survivors was 74.7%. The mean age at death was 62.7 years (±10.6). The most common causes of death were cardiovascular disease and malignancy. The two major causes of graft loss were death (with function) and interstitial fibrosis\\/tubular atrophy. Comorbidities included skin cancer (36.1%), coronary heart disease (17.3%) and other malignancies (14.5%). This study identifies factors associated with long-term allograft survival and a high rate of morbidity and early mortality in long-term transplant recipients.

  5. Assessing Information Literacy Skills Development in First Year Students: A Multi-Year Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fain, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    Assessment data from 5 years of a pretest/posttest with first-year students was analyzed using McNemar's test. The results show that revisiting previous assessment data can identify significant changes in information literacy skill development.

  6. 100-Year Floodplains, 100 Year Floodplains, Published in 2007, Not Applicable scale, Dunn County, WI.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This 100-Year Floodplains dataset, published at Not Applicable scale, was produced all or in part from LIDAR information as of 2007. It is described as '100 Year...

  7. Fracture of the acetabulum in a 14-year-old patient: 20-year review

    OpenAIRE

    Sprenger, T.R.; Howard, F M

    2001-01-01

    A case report of 14-year old female with an acetabular fracture involving the anterior column and posterior column-posterior wall is presented here and the findings on 20-year follow-up are described.

  8. Year-to-Year and Maturity Variation in Rainfed Soybean Yield by Planting Dates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Jin-zhong; Mark Alley; Jon Roygard

    2004-01-01

    The interactions on rainfed soybean yield among planting date,maturity,and year-to-year climate change were studied using CROPGRO-soybeanmodel.Simulations were based on 19 planting dates,maturity groupsⅢ,Ⅳ and V,30 years recorded weather data from Corbin,Suffolk,West Point in Virginia,USA.Yield was similar on early plantings and went down with late plantings.Both grand and year-to-year variation of soybean yield declined linearly with planting date.Year-to-year climate variation was dominant yield variation source in rainfed soybean production.Interaction occurred between planting date and maturity.Optimal planting dates for different sites lied within 130th-170th day of a year.Irrigation is recommended for profitable crops,especially in Corbin and West Point.

  9. Controls on Arctic sea ice from first-year and multi-year survival rates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hunke, Jes [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    The recent decrease in Arctic sea ice cover has transpired with a significant loss of multi year ice. The transition to an Arctic that is populated by thinner first year sea ice has important implications for future trends in area and volume. Here we develop a reduced model for Arctic sea ice with which we investigate how the survivability of first year and multi year ice control the mean state, variability, and trends in ice area and volume.

  10. Engaging Beyond the First College Year: Exploring the Needs of Second-year Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth L. Black

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article makes the case for librarians to engage with second-year students as part of the burgeoning movement in higher education to provide dedicated programming and experiences for second-year students. Grounded in development theories and transition theory, the article describes the special needs characteristic of typical second-year students and how librarians can build on the excellent work in first-year programs to collaborate with campus colleagues to further information literacy instruction.

  11. Advanced reactors transition fiscal year 1996 multi-year program plan WBS 7.3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hulvey, R.K.

    1995-09-21

    This document describes in detail the work to be accomplished in FY 1996 and the out years for the Advanced Reactors Transition (WBS 7.3. ). This document describes specific milestones and funding profiles. Based upon the Fiscal Year 1996 Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP), DOE will provide authorization to perform the work outlined in the FY 1996 MYPP

  12. Story Specifications for Mod 2 Third-Year and Fourth-Year Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Howard J.

    The Southwest Regional Laboratory (SWRL) Mod 2 Reading Program is planned as a four-year program (K-3) for teaching reading skills to primary-grade children. To date, all stories have been written for the first-year and second-year segments of the program. This paper describes the selection of rules and words, the number and type of stories, and…

  13. Can a 70-Year-Old Have the Arteries of A 20-Year-Old?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_166076.html Can a 70-Year-Old Have the Arteries of a 20-Year-Old? It's possible, but hard work ... having the clear, supple, healthy blood vessels of a 20-year-old in your 70s. It's possible, ...

  14. Persistence by 2-Year College Graduates to 4-Year Colleges and Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dworkin, Stephen L.

    1996-01-01

    Presents findings from a study of the relationship between the characteristics of 3,762 Connecticut 2-year college students 25 or older and their persistence to 4-year colleges. Reports that students with higher perceptions of social and institutional support and those over 35 were more likely to persist to 4-year institutions. (10 citations) (AJL)

  15. Five Years of Tamoxifen Continues to Benefit Women 15 Years after Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    In a large randomized clinical trial, women with early-stage breast cancer who received 5 years of adjuvant treatment with tamoxifen had better outcomes up to 15 years after the start of treatment than those who received 2 years of tamoxifen therapy.

  16. Waste management fiscal year 1998 progress report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    The Waste Management Program is pleased to issue the Fiscal Year 1998 Progress Report presenting program highlights and major accomplishments of the last year. This year-end update describes the current initiatives in waste management and the progress DOE has made toward their goals and objectives, including the results of the waste management annual performance commitments. One of the most important program efforts continues to be opening the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), located near Carlsbad, New Mexico, for the deep geologic disposal of transuranic waste. A major success was achieved this year by the West Valley Demonstration Project in New York, which in June completed the project`s production phase of high-level waste processing ahead of schedule and under budget. Another significant accomplishment this year was the award of two privatization contracts for major waste management operations, one at Oak ridge for transuranic waste treatment, and one at Hanford for the Tank Waste Remediation System privatization project. DOE is proud of the progress that has been made, and will continue to pursue program activities that allow it to safely and expeditiously dispose of radioactive and hazardous wastes across the complex, while reducing worker, public, and environmental risks.

  17. Isolated laryngeal myasthenia gravis for 26 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renard, Dimitri; Hedayat, Amir; Gagnard, Corinne

    2015-02-01

    Laryngeal myasthenia gravis is a relatively rare variant of myasthenia gravis. A vast portion of patients with initial laryngeal myasthenia gravis develop involvement of ocular and/or extra-ocular muscles during the years after symptom onset although a minority of laryngeal myasthenia gravis patients continues to have isolated laryngeal muscle involvement for several years. We present a 58-year-old woman with recurrent episodic isolated dysphonia (associated with diffuse bilateral vocal cord paresis on laryngoscopy) since the age of 32. Dysphonia became permanent since 6 months. A diagnosis of laryngeal myasthenia gravis was made based on abnormal single-fiber electromyography and spectacular response to pyridostigmine treatment. Repetitive nerve stimulation was normal and anti-acetylcholine receptor and anti-muscle specific tyrosine kinase antibodies were absent. This case shows that laryngeal myasthenia gravis can be isolated during 26 years of follow-up. We propose that even when myasthenia gravis seems unlikely as underlying mechanism of isolated dysphonia (because of lack of antibodies, normal repetitive nerve stimulation, and absence of extra-laryngeal involvement after years of follow-up), single-fiber electromyography should be performed and myasthenia gravis treatment should be tried.

  18. Tennessee Valley Region: a year 2000 profile

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-06-01

    A study was undertaken to determine the potential radiological implications of nuclear facilities in the combined watersheds of the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers, an area covering portions of 7 states of varied topography. The regional population in 1970 was about 4.6 million and is expected to increase to about 7 million by the year 2000. A 1973 projection estimated the installed electric generating capacity of the region to increase from a 1970 value of 45,000 megawatts to a total of 222,000 megawatts by the year 2000. In that year, about 144,000 megawatts were projected to be nuclear plants. The profile of the Tennessee Valley Region in the year 2000, as drawn from this report, contains the essential data for calculation of the radiological dose from operation of nuclear facilities in that year. Those calculations are reported in the companion document, DOE/ET-0064/2. Specifically, Volume I establishes the parameters describing where the people live, what they eat, the activities in which they engage, and the environmental surroundings that enable an evaluation of the potential radiation dose to the population. Airborne radionuclides from nuclear facilities in this zone may enter the study area and be deposited on the ground, on growing food, and on water surfaces. Consideration was not given to waterborne radionuclides external to the study region. 17 references. (MCW)

  19. European wind variability over 140 years

    CERN Document Server

    Bett, Philip; Clark, Robin

    2013-01-01

    We present initial results of a study on the variability of wind speeds across Europe over the past 140 years, making use of the recent Twentieth Century Reanalysis data set, which includes uncertainty estimates from an ensemble method of reanalysis. Maps of the means and standard deviations of daily wind speeds, and the Weibull-distribution parameters, show the expected features, such as the strong, highly-variable wind in the north-east Atlantic. We do not find any clear, strong long-term trends in wind speeds across Europe, and the variability between decades is large. We examine how different years and decades are related in the long-term context, by looking at the ranking of annual mean wind speeds. Such analyses show, for example, that the wind speeds in eastern England over the past ~20 years are within the range expected from natural variability, but do not span the full range of variability from the full 140-year data set. However, the calendar-year 2010 is found to have the lowest mean wind speed of...

  20. Eight years with the same IUD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonacho, I; Pita, S; Gómez-Besteiro, M I

    1999-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of the TCu380A (GYNET 380 IUD) in long-term users for periods of > 5 years and to obtain the incidence of Actinomyces as related to length of use and reasons for removal. The report is a retrospective descriptive study of all the clinical cases (n = 370 patients) at the Municipal Family Planning Centre-SERGAS A Coruña, Spain, of women who had a TCu380A IUD inserted during the period 1988-1989 with a September 1997 cutoff date for data analysis. A total of 271 (73.5%) patients had been using the TCu380A IUD for > 5 years with 100% efficacy. The accumulated incidence of Actinomyces was 5.9% (CI 95%: 3.8-8.9). The highest incidence was found between the second and third year of use. There was no increase in the incidence of Actinomyces after 5 years of use. The most common reason for removal of the IUD was the duration of use of 8 years with the same device (32.3%).

  1. Restraint use in motor vehicle crash fatalities in children 0 year to 9 years old.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Lois K; Farrell, Caitlin A; Mannix, Rebekah

    2015-09-01

    Despite improvements in child passenger safety legislation and equipment, motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) continue to be the leading cause of death in children younger than 10 years. The objective of this study was to describe factors associated with restraint use in fatal MVC in children 0 year to 9 years old. The Fatality Analysis Reporting System, maintained by the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration, was used to obtain data on MVC fatalities from 2001 to 2010 in children 0 year to 9 years old. The main outcome was restraint use. Demographic information (age, sex, and race) and crash characteristics including vehicle type (sedan, van, truck, sports utility vehicle) and seat position in the vehicle were analyzed with the χ statistic to evaluate these factors for any restraint use compared with no restraint use in MVC fatalities. There were 7,625 MVC fatalities in children 0 year to 9 years old from 2001 to 2010.Among these fatalities, 4,041 (53%) had any restraint use. Front seat passengers accounted for 20.9% (1,595 of 7,625) of the fatalities. Children 0 year to 3 years old had a higher proportion of restraint use than children 4 years to 9 years old (p passenger safety to improve proper restraint use and to decrease MVC fatalities in children. Prognostic/epidemiologic study, level II.

  2. [Teaching nursing: 20 years at the university].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Torre Fernández-Trujillo, J

    1999-11-01

    During the twenty years in which nursing has been taught as a university subject field, its teaching methods have undergone two stages: a first one about ten years long in which the change produced in the orientation toward nursing care originated a conceptual and methodological whirlwind advancing the profession in a way which had never before occurred; and a second stage in which the conceptual waters tend to subdue and the first doubts begin to appear about whether or not the profession is walking down the right path. This article proposes to serve as a reflection on the twenty year history of Nursing as a university subject field as well as to reflect on how we can construct the future on this base, not only in nursing studies themselves and the manner of teaching these studies, but in the profession as a whole. The author presented this as a conference at the Spanish Association of Nursing Teachers' XVIII "Working Days" Conference.

  3. The 2015 five-yearly review

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      This year CERN celebrates its 60th anniversary. On this occasion, throughout Europe — most recently on July 1st at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris — festivities are being organized to celebrate the Organization’s success as a flagship laboratory of high-energy physics. To ensure that CERN can remain a centre of excellence in the field of fundamental research, the Organization verifies every five years with the help of a five-yearly review procedure whether the financial and social conditions which it proposes to Staff Members allow it to recruit and retain Staff Members of the highest competence and integrity required for the execution of its mission from all its Member States. For Fellows these conditions should remain attractive compared with those in comparable research institutions, while for Associated members of personnel these conditions should allow it to host them in its research facilities taking into account the highest cost-of-living level in the local ...

  4. The joint action on healthy life years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Robine, Jean-Marie; Cambois, Emmanuelle; Nusselder, Wilma

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Life expectancy has been increasing during the last century within the European Union (EU). To measure progress in population health it is no longer sufficient to focus on the duration of life but quality of life should be considered. Healthy Life Years (HLY) allow estimating...... the quality of the remaining years that a person is expected to live, in terms of being free of long-standing activity limitation. The Joint Action on Healthy Life Years (JA: EHLEIS) is a joint action of European Member States (MS) and the European Union aiming at analysing trends, patterns and differences...... in HLY, as well as in other Summary Measures of Population Health (SMPH) indicators, across the European member states. METHODS: The JA: EHLEIS consolidates existing information on life and health expectancy by maximising the European comparability; by analysing trends in HLY within the EU; by analysing...

  5. [Being a freshman in the year 1945].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, R

    2014-01-01

    In 1945, the freshman was the witness of historical events such as the reception at the University of General de Gaulle, Sir W. Churchill and Sir A. Fleming. Other important events occured in that year: the end of the war in Europe, the revelation to the world of the nazi horours and the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. An extension of the principle of free thinking of facts and ideas appeared as a consequence of nazi occupation. The time was hard for the freshman concerning his studies and subsistance but the year 1945 was fascinating and came to an end with the revival, after seven years, of the grand student's feast of Saint-Verhaegen.

  6. Dark Skies, Bright Kids Year 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bittle, Lauren E.; Wenger, Trey; Johnson, Kelsey E.; Angell, Dylan; Burkhardt, Andrew; Davis, Blair; Firebaugh, Ariel; Hancock, Danielle; Richardson, Whitney; Rochford Hayes, Christian; Linden, Sean; Liss, Sandra; Matthews, Allison; McNair, Shunlante; Prager, Brian; Pryal, Matthew; Troup, Nicholas William

    2017-01-01

    We present activities from the eighth year of Dark Skies Bright Kids (DSBK), an entirely volunteer-run outreach organization based out of the Department of Astronomy at the University of Virginia. Our core mission is to enhance elementary science education and literacy in Central Virginia through fun, hands-on activities that introduce basic Astronomy concepts. Over the past seven years, our primary focus has been hosting an 8-10 week after-school astronomy club at underserved elementary and middle schools, and over the past several years, we have partnered with local businesses to host our Annual Central Virginia Star Party, a free event open to the community featuring star-gazing and planetarium shows. This past summer we expanded our reach through a new initiative to bring week-long summer day camps to south and southwest Virginia, home to some of the most underserved communities in the commonwealth.

  7. Valedictory Editorial: The past six years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lennon, Michael A

    2016-12-01

    Fifty years ago this month I graduated from the University of Liverpool. A few months earlier, along with three friends, I had driven overland to attend the International Dental Students Congress held that year in Israel. On the way we drove the spectacular road from Beirut up to Damascus, visited Petra in the Southern Jordanian desert, at that time devoid of tourists, viewed the Chagall windows in the synagogue on the Hadassah University Medical campus, and listened to the world cup final with a group of German students in a youth hostel overlooking the Mandelbaum Gate. Little did we know that within twelve months these beautiful countries and their kind people would be plunged into war and that this conflict and chaos would continue to haunt this region, almost unabated, for the next fifty years. Copyright© 2016 Dennis Barber Ltd.

  8. Fifty years of allergy: 1965-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Dianne E; Mehr, Sam

    2015-01-01

    The last 50 years in allergy could almost be considered the first 50 years. Over this time period, we have witnessed the emergence of allergy as a subspecialty, have seen and continue to observe a tremendous change in prevalence of allergic disease and have gained insight into the mechanisms that underlie allergic predisposition and disease manifestation. We have improved the care of children with many forms of allergic disease and now sit poised to be able to alter the natural history of allergic disease with the use of specific immunotherapy. There is much left to do in the next 50 years including understanding what underlies both the predisposition to atopic disease and its natural resolution and identifying the environmental cofactors involved in the 'allergic epidemic' and therefore targets for effective primary prevention.

  9. Thirty-Year Periodicity of Cosmic Rays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Pérez-Peraza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Cosmogenic isotopes have frequently been employed as proxies of ancient cosmic ray fluxes. On the basis of periodicities of the 10Be time series (using data from both the South and North Poles and the 14C time series (with data from Intercal-98, we offer evidence of the existence of cosmic ray fluctuations with a periodicity of around 30 years. Results were obtained by using the wavelet transformation spectral technique, signal reconstruction by autoregressive spectral analysis (ARMA, and the Lomb-Scargle periodogram method. This 30-year periodicity seems to be significant in nature because several solar and climatic indexes exhibit the same modulation, which may indicate that the 30-year frequency of cosmic rays is probably a modulator agent for terrestrial phenomena, reflecting the control source, namely, solar activity.

  10. Differential equations of my young years

    CERN Document Server

    Maz'ya, Vladimir

    2014-01-01

    Vladimir Maz'ya (born 1937) is an outstanding mathematician who systematically made fundamental contributions to a wide array of areas in mathematical analysis and in the theory of partial differential equations. In this fascinating book he describes the first thirty years of his life in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). He starts with the story of his family, speaks about his childhood, the high school and university years, and recalls his formative years as a mathematician. Behind the author's personal recollections, with his own joys, sorrows and hopes, one sees a vivid picture of those times in the former Sovjet Union. He speaks warmly about his friends, both outside and inside the world of mathematics, about discovering his passion for mathematics and his early achievements, and about a number of mathematicians who influenced his professional life. The book is written in a highly readable and inviting style, spiced with the occasional touch of humor.

  11. Body Composition at 3-years of Age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ejlerskov, Katrine Tschentscher

    are physiologically plausible and should be investigated in other study settings. Results from paper III showed that total and free IGF-I at both 9 and 36 months were positively related to most measures of anthropometry and body composition at 3 years. We found no clear associations between IGF-I levels and early...... development of obesity. It is possible that IGF-I levels are related to later risk of obesity through increased tempo of weight gain and linear growth leading to early adiposity rebound but this was not visible at 3 years. We had expected that intake of protein and cow’s milk was positively associated...... obesity risk is speculative. A continuation of the SKOT cohort with a follow-up visit when the children have reached 7 - 8 years of age would be highly relevant and enable further elaboration on the findings presented in paper II and III. At this age most children have passed the adiposity rebound...

  12. 10-year survival of total ankle arthroplasties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background and purpose There is an ongoing need to review large series of total ankle replacements (TARs) for monitoring of changes in practice and their outcome. 4 national registries, including the Swedish Ankle Register, have previously reported their 5-year results. We now present an extended series with a longer follow-up, and with a 10-year survival analysis. Patients and methods Records of uncemented 3-component TARs were retrospectively reviewed, determining risk factors such as age, sex, and diagnosis. Prosthetic survival rates were calculated with exchange or removal of components as endpoint—excluding incidental exchange of the polyethylene meniscus. Results Of the 780 prostheses implanted since 1993, 168 (22%) had been revised by June 15, 2010. The overall survival rate fell from 0.81 (95% CI: 0.79–0.83) at 5 years to 0.69 (95% CI: 0.67–0.71) at 10 years. The survival rate was higher, although not statistically significantly so, during the latter part of the period investigated. Excluding the STAR prosthesis, the survival rate for all the remaining designs was 0.78 at 10 years. Women below the age of 60 with osteoarthritis were at a higher risk of revision, but age did not influence the outcome in men or women with rheumatoid arthritis. Revisions due to technical mistakes at the index surgery and instability were undertaken earlier than revisions for other reasons. Interpretation The results have slowly improved during the 18-year period investigated. However, we do not believe that the survival rates of ankle replacements in the near future will approach those of hip and knee replacements—even though improved instrumentation and design of the prostheses, together with better patient selection, will presumably give better results. PMID:22066551

  13. First Fifty Years of Chemoresistive Gas Sensors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Neri

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The first fifty years of chemoresistive sensors for gas detection are here reviewed, focusing on the main scientific and technological innovations that have occurred in the field over the course of these years. A look at advances made in fundamental and applied research and leading to the development of actual high performance chemoresistive devices is presented. The approaches devoted to the synthesis of novel semiconducting materials with unprecedented nanostructure and gas-sensing properties have been also presented. Perspectives on new technologies and future applications of chemoresistive gas sensors have also been highlighted.

  14. Center for Coastline Security Technology, Year 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-05-01

    Figure 2.6.8: Close-Up Photograph of RPUUV Tail Section. Figure 2.6.9: Force and moments applied on a hydrofoil . Figure 2.6.10: The NACA 21016... hydrofoil profile. Florida Atlantic University 4/28/08 Page 10 Center for Coastline Security Technology Year Three-Final Report Figure...as a 3D wing with a NACA 21016 hydrofoil profile (Figure 2.6.10) held by 3 cylinders (Figure 2.6.8). Center for Coastline Security Technology Year

  15. 1914 to 1917: the Great War years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boller, F; Duyckaerts, C

    1999-07-01

    In 1914, American and international neurology were already very well developed, but like the other scientific and societal forces of the time, they underwent numerous changes as a result of World War I. This article reviews the state of neurology between 1914 and 1917 as it can be inferred from the journals of the time, the main topics they covered, the meetings, and the neurological societies, as well as some of the actors on the neurology scene during these years. It concludes with a brief survey of the ways in which neurology was changed by the Great War. During these years, neurology was there.

  16. PBL – Reflections after 10 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soler, José

    The poster describes course 34357 at DTU, where PBL has been used in the last 10 years. While the course responsibles where not aware initially that the used methodology was PBL, the poster describes the triggering idea for the initial taken choices, i.e. homogenize working methodologies for stud......The poster describes course 34357 at DTU, where PBL has been used in the last 10 years. While the course responsibles where not aware initially that the used methodology was PBL, the poster describes the triggering idea for the initial taken choices, i.e. homogenize working methodologies...

  17. One hundred years of quantum physics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleppner, D; Jackiw, R

    2000-08-11

    This year marks the 100th anniversary of Max Planck's creation of the quantum concept, an idea so revolutionary that it took nearly 30 years for scientists to develop it into the theory that has transformed the way scientists view reality. In this month's essay, Daniel Kleppner and Roman Jackiw recount how quantum theory, which they rate as "the most precisely tested and most successful theory in the history of science," came to be, how it changed the world, and how it might continue to evolve to make the dream of ultimate understanding of the universe come true.

  18. CERN Courier editors through 50 years

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    The 50th anniversary of the first publication of the CERN Courier provided the opportunity for a modest celebration on 2 September 2009. All six of the principal editors that the magazine has had over its 50 years met together for the first time. After getting acquainted and re-acquainted over lunch, they gathered in the library at CERN to answer questions about producing the magazine over the years. From right to left, from the first editor to the present incumbent: Roger Anthoine, Alec Hester, Brian Southworth, Gordon Fraser, James Gillies and Christine Sutton.

  19. China celebrates the International Year of Chemistry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE Zi-Ling

    2011-01-01

    China played an active role in the establishment of the International Year of Chemistry (IYC) 2011.Year-around programs in the country have celebrated the wonderful changes in our lives brought about by advances in chemical sciences.Chemists,chemical engineers,students,and the general public have used a range of interactive,entertaining,and educational activities around the country to celebrate the achievements of chemistry and its contributions to society.These have been reported on the IYC China websites at http://www.iyc2011.cn/(Chinese) and http://iyc2011.casad.cas.cn/iyc2011/(English) and newspaper and TV accounts.

  20. Fifty Years After, Hidden Children Speak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Léa Marcou

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available “For fifty years, I have not spoken of my childhood years in France during the second world war. A hidden child, I lived under a false name amongst unknown people, being careful – as I had been taught – not to reveal, by a gesture or by a word, that I was Jewish. I knew I was in danger, still not understanding why and I was constantly afraid. I didn't know whether I would see again one day my parents from whom I had been suddenly taken away. Nonetheless what were my pains compared to those of...

  1. Ned Greenberg: 50 Years and Counting | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Ashley DeVine, Staff Writer Can you imagine working for the same company for 50 years? Nathaniel “Ned” Greenberg has accomplished just that, having recently received his 50-year service award from NIH, and he has no immediate plans for retirement. “I don’t look upon my job as a chore, it’s more of an avocation than a vocation,” said Greenberg, a chemist in the Biological Testing Branch (BTB), under Branch Chief Melinda Hollingshead, DVM, Ph.D. “I am lucky that I found something that I enjoy doing.”

  2. SAPHO syndrome: 20-year follow-up

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davies, A.M. [Department of Radiology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom)]|[MRI Centre, Birmingham (United Kingdom); Marino, A.J.; Grimer, R.J. [Department of Orthopaedic Oncology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom); Evans, N. [Department of Radiology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom); Deshmukh, N.; Mangham, D.C. [Department of Pathology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom)

    1999-03-01

    Considerable attention has been paid in the past 10 years to the radiological spectrum of disease entities belonging to the SAPHO syndrome. We report an unusual case presenting with an extra-axial (femoral) lesion, prior to description of this syndrome, which was radiologically and histologically mistaken for a parosteal osteosarcoma. Nineteen years later, a further lesion developed in the scapula together with the typical sternoclavicular manifestations, at which stage the correct diagnosis of SAPHO syndrome was established. (orig.) With 6 figs., 18 refs.

  3. Ten-year survival of cemented total knee replacement in patients aged less than 55 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keenan, A C M; Wood, A M; Arthur, C A; Jenkins, P J; Brenkel, I J; Walmsley, P J

    2012-07-01

    We report the ten-year survival of a cemented total knee replacement (TKR) in patients aged 55 years at the time of surgery, and compare the functional outcome with that of patients aged > 55 years. The data were collected prospectively and analysed using Kaplan-Meier survival statistics, with revision for any reason, or death, as the endpoint. A total of 203 patients aged 55 years were identified. Four had moved out of the area and were excluded, leaving a total of 221 TKRs in 199 patients for analysis (101 men and 98 women, mean age 50.6 years (28 to 55)); 171 patients had osteoarthritis and 28 had inflammatory arthritis. Four patients required revision and four died. The ten-year survival using revision as the endpoint was 98.2% (95% confidence interval 94.6 to 99.4). Based on the Oxford knee scores at five and ten years, the rate of dissatisfaction was 18% and 21%, respectively. This was no worse in the patients aged 55 years than in patients aged > 55 years. These results demonstrate that the cemented PFC Sigma knee has an excellent survival rate in patients aged 55 ten years post-operatively, with clinical outcomes similar to those of an older group. We conclude that TKR should not be withheld from patients on the basis of age.

  4. The interaction between constituent year and within-1-year effects in elite German youth basketball.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steingröver, C; Wattie, N; Baker, J; Helsen, W F; Schorer, J

    2017-06-01

    The current state of research on relative age effects in basketball shows an uneven picture. These mixed results might be caused by the interaction of constituent year and within-year effects. Our aim was to examine constituent and within-1-year effects in elite German youth basketball. The sample (n = 4400) included players competing in the JBBL (Under-16 first division) and the NBBL (Under-19 first division) from 2011/2012 until 2013/2014. A multi-way frequency analysis revealed an interaction of constituent year effects and within-1-year effects for the JBBL, χ(2) (6, 2590) = 12.76, P year effects, χ(2) (2, n = 1810) = 25.32, P year effects for all three age bands but no interaction. The interaction between constituent year and within-1-year effects in the JBBL showed reduced within-1-year effects with increasing age. Once players enter the system in the JBBL, relatively younger players seem less likely to drop out of the system. Results offer new insight regarding how the regulations of this talent development system may influence athletes' opportunities to enter the system and their likelihood of staying at the highest levels of competition. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Dentin caries risk indicators in 1-year-olds. A two year follow-up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hultquist, Ann Ingemansson; Bågesund, Mats

    2016-11-01

    Early childhood caries (ECC) risk factors are suspected to vary between regions with different caries prevalence. Identify ECC risk factors for 1-year-olds predicting dentin caries at 3 years of age in a region with low caries prevalence. Caries risk was assessed by dental hygienist or dental assistant in 779 one-year-olds. The oral mutans streptococci (MS) score was performed from a tooth surface or (in pre-dentate children) from oral mucosa. A parental questionnaire with questions regarding family factors (siblings with or without caries), general health, food habits (night meals, breastfeeding, other beverage than water), oral hygiene habits and emerged teeth were answered by parents of the 1-year-olds. Dentin caries was assessed when the children were 3-year-olds. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were used for identification of caries-associated factors. An increased caries risk was assessed in 4.4% of the 1-year-olds. Dentin caries was found in 2.6% of the 3-year-olds. Caries risk at 1 year was associated with caries at 3 years (OR = 6.5, p = .002). Multiple regression analysis found the variables Beverages other than water (OR = 7.1, p year-olds in a region with low caries experience.

  6. Mathematical tasks, study approaches, and course grades in undergraduate mathematics: a year-by-year analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maciejewski, Wes; Merchant, Sandra

    2016-04-01

    Students approach learning in different ways, depending on the experienced learning situation. A deep approach is geared toward long-term retention and conceptual change while a surface approach focuses on quickly acquiring knowledge for immediate use. These approaches ultimately affect the students' academic outcomes. This study takes a cross-sectional look at the approaches to learning used by students from courses across all four years of undergraduate mathematics and analyses how these relate to the students' grades. We find that deep learning correlates with grade in the first year and not in the upper years. Surficial learning has no correlation with grades in the first year and a strong negative correlation with grades in the upper years. Using Bloom's taxonomy, we argue that the nature of the tasks given to students is fundamentally different in lower and upper year courses. We find that first-year courses emphasize tasks that require only low-level cognitive processes. Upper year courses require higher level processes but, surprisingly, have a simultaneous greater emphasis on recall and understanding. These observations explain the differences in correlations between approaches to learning and course grades. We conclude with some concerns about the disconnect between first year and upper year mathematics courses and the effect this may have on students.

  7. Years and Intensity of Schooling Investment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leibowitz, Arleen

    1976-01-01

    Calculates human capital earnings functions over 20 years for 822 men (the Terman sample) and argues that the percentage of gross earnings invested in education may fall below 100 percent well before school ends. (Available from the Secretary's Office, American Economic Association, 1313 21st Ave., South, Nashville, Tennessee 37212) (Author/JG)

  8. The year's new drugs & biologics - 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graul, Ann I; Revel, Laura; Barrionuevo, Meritxell; Cruces, Elisabet; Rosa, Esmeralda; Verges, Clara; Lupone, Becky; Diaz, Nuria; Castaner, Rosa

    2009-01-01

    This annual article presents new drugs and biologics that were launched or approved for the first time during the previous year. In 2008, 31 new medicines-this figure includes both drugs and biologics for therapeutic use as well as new diagnostic agents-reached their first markets. Line extensions (new indications, new formulations and new combinations of previously marketed products) accounted for more than one-third of the new medicines launched in 2008. In addition to providing an overview of all drugs and biologics launched or approved for the first time ever in the previous year, this article will also review in further depth the first-in-class drugs launched for the first time last year, providing a better understanding of their novel mechanisms of action; an analysis of the discovery and development periods for the year's new products; and a comprehensive overview of drug repositioning as a strategy for extending the life spans of medicines. We also provide a brief glimpse at selected drugs and biologics which could reach their first markets in the foreseeable future.

  9. A Year's Turning: Young People Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, I. V., Ed.

    This book is an anthology of unedited verse and prose written by 14- and 15-year-old students. The book is intended for teachers in training, for their tutors, and for all teachers of English. The verses are classified as undirected and directed poems about nature, places, war, the Egyptian Tomb, up and back again, and people. The prose is…

  10. Nurses Writing: The Undergraduate Years and Beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobie, Ann; Poirrier, Gail

    A study determined how including significant amounts of writing in varied forms for different audiences throughout a four-year baccalaureate program in nursing affected professional practice. Subjects were graduating seniors and practicing nurses from a writing intensive baccalaureate program (College A) and graduating seniors and nurses from a…

  11. Information Literacy and First-Year Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orme, William A.

    2008-01-01

    During the same period in which the general higher education community was increasing its overall focus on first-year student success, the fields of library and information science were pursuing a more holistic approach to development of overall information abilities by moving away from tool-based library skills instruction toward a more…

  12. Geometry in the Early Years: A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dindyal, Jaguthsing

    2015-01-01

    The primary goal of this paper is to provide a commentary on the teaching and learning of geometry in the early years of schooling with the set of papers in this issue as a guiding factor. It is structured around issues about geometry education of young learners, such as: what should we teach in geometry and why; representation of geometrical…

  13. Crossing Borders: The Two-Year College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madden, Frank

    1999-01-01

    Discusses negative stereotyping of the public or others in the profession of two-year college educators. Defines the open-admissions student and the emphasis on the "introductory" elements as a mission of transformation. Encourages working together towards a common goal of achievement in the profession of English Studies by crossing the border…

  14. Public Libraries Survey: Fiscal Year 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Kim A.; Swan, Deanne W.; Craig, Terri; Dorinski, Suzanne; Freeman, Michael; Isaac, Natasha; O'Shea, Patricia; Schilling, Peter; Scotto, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    The Public Libraries Survey (PLS) is a voluntary survey conducted annually by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). IMLS collects these data under the mandate in the Museum and Library Services Act of 2003 as stated in SEC. 210. The U.S. Census Bureau is the data collection agent for IMLS. The fiscal year (FY) 2009 survey is the…

  15. Public Libraries Survey: Fiscal Year 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Everett; Miller, Kim A.; Craig, Terri; Dorinski, Suzanne; Freeman, Michael; Isaac, Natasha; Keng, Jennifer; O'Shea, Patricia; Schilling, Peter

    2010-01-01

    The Public Libraries Survey (PLS) is a voluntary survey conducted annually by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). IMLS collects these data under the mandate in the Museum and Library Services Act of 2003 as stated in Section 210. The U.S. Census Bureau is the data collection agent for IMLS. The Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 survey is the…

  16. State Library Agency Survey: Fiscal Year 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Everett; Miller, Kim; Farrell, Michele; Brock, Faye; Dorinski, Suzanne; Freeman, Michael; Frid, Lisa; Hardesty, Laura; Music, Christopher; O'Shea, Patricia; Sheckells, Cindy

    2009-01-01

    This report marks the third release of library statistics data from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). It contains data on state library agencies in the 50 states and the District of Columbia for state fiscal year (FY) 2008. The data were collected through the State Library Agencies (StLA) Survey, the product of a cooperative…

  17. State Library Agency Survey: Fiscal Year 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Everett; Manjarrez, C. Arturo; Miller, Kim A.; Dorinski, Suzanne; Freeman, Michael; Music, Christopher; O'Shea, Patricia; Sheckells, Cindy

    2008-01-01

    This report marks the second release of library statistics data from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). It contains data on state library agencies in the 50 states and the District of Columbia for state fiscal year (FY) 2007. The data were collected through the State Library Agencies (StLA) Survey, the product of a cooperative…

  18. 7 CFR 985.9 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 985.9 Section 985.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING ORDER REGULATING THE...

  19. Hubble 2008: Science Year in Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Hubbles remarkable mission has now spanned 18 years. During that time, it has been at the nexus of perhaps the most exciting period of discovery in the history of astronomy. Simultaneously, Hubble has offered up some of the most daunting engineering challenges to humans working in space, and success in meeting those challenges has been among NASAs greatest triumphs.

  20. The Business Schools: 50 Years on

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to offer a critique of the development of university business schools over the last 50 years and provide a perspective on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the publication of the journal Education + Training. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is critical and reflexive, reviewing the historical growth of…

  1. Hundres Years of Theory of Relativity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Franek

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2005, all civilised worl will remind the 100 years anniversary of Publishing the original work on special theory of relativity by Albert Einstein. This contribution is a brief review of its principial ideas in the field of electrodynamics.

  2. Marihuana in Man: Three Years Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollister, Leo E.

    1971-01-01

    Reviews three years of research on the effects of marihuana in man. Previously known clinical mental and physical effects have been confirmed. Causes and mechanisms of these effects generally remain undetermined in man and animals. Social implications and long term effects require additional study, although usage appears detrimental. (JM)

  3. Interstellar Contact - A Thousand-Year Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tough, A.

    Rapid progress is already being made in space exploration and the scientific search for intelligent life. By the year 3000, humankind will likely be sending extraordinarily smart probes and even staffed spaceships to explore nearby stars and planetary systems. Because any other civilizations in our galaxy are likely much older than humankind, their technology likely became capable long ago of exploring their galactic neighbourhood. Their motivation to do so is probably very strong, according to three sets of disciplined speculation: some role-playing exercises; a set of four universal values shared by all civilizations; and Vulpetti's Conscious-Life Expansion Principle. If other civilizations (or their intelligent probes) are already traveling throughout the galaxy, and if we do the same by the year 3000, it seems highly probable that contact will be made one way or another. Indeed, during the next 1000 years, we may experience contact in various ways (telescopes, probes, or staffed spacecraft) and with various civilizations. Of all the positive events that humanity will experience over the next 1000 years, interstellar contact will likely have the highest impact. Humanity's major benefits will likely include practical information, answers to major questions, changes in our view of ourselves, and cooperation in joint galactic projects.

  4. Rocco Ungaro, 40 years of Calixarene chemistry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reinhoudt, David

    2016-01-01

    During the Calix2015 conference that took place in Giardini Naxos in July of this year, the first C. David Gutsche Award for Calixarene Chemistry was awarded to one of the founders of the field, Professor Rocco Ungaro of the University of Parma. In this paper, Rocco Ungaro’s seminal contributions to

  5. Chinese Textile 2007':Year of Passion Burning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shang Lin'aiyi

    2008-01-01

    @@ 2007 has already Said farewell to us,however,the influences and meditations itbrought are still fresh in our memory.Inthe past year,Chinese textile industry has waved through ups and downs:increasing austerity of external environment and adjustment of internal policies seemingly kept squeezing its profit margin,even the living space.

  6. An ENSO beginning in the year 2000?

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gopinathan, C.K.

    Several models have been developed over the last few decades to predict the advent of new ENSO events several months in advance of the actual event. None of the models have predicted a warm event beginning by the year 2000. Positive SST anomalies...

  7. One year in review 2016: fibromyalgia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazzichi, Laura; Giacomelli, Camillo; Consensi, Arianna; Atzeni, Fabiola; Batticciotto, Alberto; Di Franco, Manuela; Casale, Roberto; Sarzi-Puttini, Piercarlo

    2016-01-01

    Fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome is a chronic disease with unknown aetiology, characterised by widespread pain, fatigue and other functional symptoms. We reviewed the literature of the past year to underline the recent progress in the etiopathogenesis, assessment and therapies of this syndrome, evaluating the articles published between January 2015 and January 2016.

  8. Benchmarking Year Five Students' Reading Abilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Chang Kuan; Eng, Lin Siew; Mohamed, Abdul Rashid

    2014-01-01

    Reading and understanding a written text is one of the most important skills in English learning.This study attempts to benchmark Year Five students' reading abilities of fifteen rural schools in a district in Malaysia. The objectives of this study are to develop a set of standardised written reading comprehension and a set of indicators to inform…

  9. Ten years of fighting bird flu

    OpenAIRE

    Parry, Jane

    2007-01-01

    This year marks a decade since the first human outbreak of H5N1 avian influenza in Hong Kong. Since then, US $1.9 billion has been pledged to fight avian influenza and a global effort is under way to prevent and be prepared for a pandemic.

  10. Trigonometry with Year 8: Part 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steer, Jessica; de Vila, Maria Antonieta; Eaton, James

    2009-01-01

    This final article focuses in particular on the engagement of year 8 students who were taught trigonometry using dynamic geometry software ("Geometer's SketchPad"), as outlined in "MT214" and with resources from the ATM website. The project was implemented in three different classrooms in two different, multiracial,…

  11. 25 Years of GenBank

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to science over the last 25 years, the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), National Library of Medicine (NLM), and NIH held ... GenBank has been a critical research tool," says NCBI Director David Lipman, "enabling much of the progress ...

  12. Cognitive Development: Two-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... listening. Now, as a two-year-old, the learning process has become more thoughtful. His grasp of language is increasing, and he’s beginning to form mental images for things, actions, and concepts. He also can solve some problems ...

  13. A Hundred Years of Peter Pan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollindale, Peter

    2005-01-01

    The centenary of the first performance of J. M. Barrie's Peter Pan was celebrated in December 2004. Taking account of the various events in Britain to mark the occasion--newspaper articles, radio and television programmes, retrospects in the original theatre--this article examines the status and popularity of Peter Pan after a hundred years. The…

  14. Lessons from 30 Years of Flight Software

    Science.gov (United States)

    McComas, David C.

    2015-01-01

    This presentation takes a brief historical look at flight software over the past 30 years, extracts lessons learned and shows how many of the lessons learned are embodied in the Flight Software product line called the core Flight System (cFS). It also captures the lessons learned from developing and applying the cFS.

  15. Information Systems Curricula: A Fifty Year Journey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longenecker, Herbert E., Jr.; Feinstein, David; Clark, Jon D.

    2013-01-01

    This article presents the results of research to explore the nature of changes in skills over a fifty year period spanning the life of Information Systems model curricula. Work begun in 1999 was expanded both backwards in time, as well as forwards to 2012 to define skills relevant to Information Systems curricula. The work in 1999 was based on job…

  16. The year in ideas; dark energy

    CERN Multimedia

    Burdick, A

    2002-01-01

    Gravity should halt the expansion of the universe but a few years ago a study of supernovae showed that in fact cosmic expansion is speeding up. To explain this, cosmologists have postulated that a strange, repulsive force, which they call dark energy, is at work, counteracting gravity and pushing galaxies apart at an accelerating rate (1/2 page).

  17. Czech, Slovak science ten years after split

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Ten years after the split of Czechoslovakia Czech and Slovak science are facing the same difficulties: shortage of money for research, poor salaries, obsolete equipment and brain drain, especially of the young, according to a feature in the Daily Lidove Noviny (1 page).

  18. Effectiveness of Feedback in First Year Physics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bearden, Ian; Voigt, Karen A; Mathiasen, Helle

    How can we provide better and more effective feedback to our students? How can we encourage students to use feedback effectively? We will present results of a study of first year physics students addressing these questions and comparing the effectiveness of written and screencast feedback....

  19. Marihuana in Man: Three Years Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollister, Leo E.

    1971-01-01

    Reviews three years of research on the effects of marihuana in man. Previously known clinical mental and physical effects have been confirmed. Causes and mechanisms of these effects generally remain undetermined in man and animals. Social implications and long term effects require additional study, although usage appears detrimental. (JM)

  20. One Hundred Years of College Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraft, David P.

    2011-01-01

    Although the first student health service is credited to Amherst College in 1861, almost 50 years passed before Princeton University established the first mental health service in 1910. At that time, a psychiatrist was hired to help with student personality development. Although other schools subsequently established such services, the first 50…

  1. New Year and New Board Members

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun-Ming Liu; Mauro Cresti; Vincent Bulone; Frans E. Tax; Jurandir Magalhaes

    2012-01-01

    Following the winter holidays I look forward to the New Year of 2012,and would like to take the opportunity to express my sincere thanks to all the authors,reviewers and editors of JIPB.Indeed,the Journal thrives on their support.

  2. Milwaukee Parental Choice Program. First Year Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witte, John F.

    A preliminary evaluation and report were conducted of the Milwaukee (Wisconsin) Public Schools' (MPS) Parental Choice Program (PCP) following its first year of operation. The state legislated program provides an opportunity for students meeting specific criteria to attend private, non-sectarian schools in Milwaukee. A payment from public funds…

  3. A Hundred Years of Peter Pan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollindale, Peter

    2005-01-01

    The centenary of the first performance of J. M. Barrie's Peter Pan was celebrated in December 2004. Taking account of the various events in Britain to mark the occasion--newspaper articles, radio and television programmes, retrospects in the original theatre--this article examines the status and popularity of Peter Pan after a hundred years. The…

  4. Ending the year with a cliffhanger

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

    A couple of years ago ‘LHC’ made a list of the top ten words of the year. This year, it should be the turn of ‘sigma’ to feature on such a list. It’s been a year in which the importance of statistics in particle physics has really come to the fore, along with the caution and rigour necessary in statistics-based analyses.   In particle physics, the significance of an observation is measured in terms of standard deviations - sigma for short. The standard deviation is a measure of how likely it is that an observation is due to chance rather than being something new.  Two sigma effects come and go roughly as often as an unloaded die will come up with two sixes in a row. A three-sigma effect corresponds to a few parts per thousand chance that the observation is a statistical fluke, and is generally accepted as the point at which an observation becomes intriguing. A discovery, however, requires a five-sigma effect, for which the chance of a ...

  5. Ending the year with a cliffhanger

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    A couple of years ago ‘LHC’ made a list of the top ten words of the year. This year, it should be the turn of ‘sigma’ to feature on such a list. It’s been a year in which the importance of statistics in particle physics has really come to the fore, along with the caution and rigour necessary in statistics-based analyses.   In particle physics, the significance of an observation is measured in terms of standard deviations - sigma for short. The standard deviation is a measure of how likely it is that an observation is due to chance rather than being something new.  Two sigma effects come and go roughly as often as an unloaded die will come up with two sixes in a row. A three-sigma effect corresponds to a few parts per thousand chance that the observation is a statistical fluke, and is generally accepted as the point at which an observation becomes intriguing. A discovery, however, requires a five-sigma effect, for which the chance of a ...

  6. Ocean Hill-Brownsville, 40 Years Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahlenberg, Richard D.

    2008-01-01

    Forty years ago--on May 9, 1968--the local school board in Brooklyn's black ghetto of Ocean Hill-Brownsville sent telegrams to 19 unionized educators, informing them that their employment in the district was terminated. Eighteen were white. One black teacher was mistakenly included on the list, but reinstated almost immediately after the error was…

  7. 50 Years of Cognitive Aging Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Nicole D; Craik, Fergus I M

    2017-01-01

    The objectives of this Introduction to the Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences special issue on "50 Years of Cognitive Aging Theory" are to provide a brief overview of cognitive aging research prior to 1965 and to highlight significant developments in cognitive aging theory over the last 50 years. Historical and recent theories of cognitive aging were reviewed, with a particular focus on those not directly covered by the articles included in this special issue. Prior to 1965, cognitive aging research was predominantly descriptive, identifying what aspects of intellectual functioning are affected in older compared with younger adults. Since the mid-1960s, there has been an increasing interest in how and why specific components of cognitive domains are differentially affected in aging and a growing focus on cognitive aging neuroscience. Significant advances have taken place in our theoretical understanding of how and why certain components of cognitive functioning are or are not affected by aging. We also know much more now than we did 50 years ago about the underlying neural mechanisms of these changes. The next 50 years undoubtedly will bring new theories, as well as new tools (e.g., neuroimaging advances, neuromodulation, and technology), that will further our understanding of cognitive aging. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. Honors in the Two-Year College.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bentley-Baker, Kandell; And Others

    Designed to provide guidance and encouragement for two-year colleges in the development of honors programs, this handbook addresses issues related to the development, implementation, and management of special programs for talented and gifted students. Chapter I provides a rationale for honors programs, which highlights their role in attracting,…

  9. 25 years of time series forecasting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Gooijer, J.G.; Hyndman, R.J.

    2006-01-01

    We review the past 25 years of research into time series forecasting. In this silver jubilee issue, we naturally highlight results published in journals managed by the International Institute of Forecasters (Journal of Forecasting 1982-1985 and International Journal of Forecasting 1985-2005). During

  10. Ocean Hill-Brownsville, 40 Years Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahlenberg, Richard D.

    2008-01-01

    Forty years ago--on May 9, 1968--the local school board in Brooklyn's black ghetto of Ocean Hill-Brownsville sent telegrams to 19 unionized educators, informing them that their employment in the district was terminated. Eighteen were white. One black teacher was mistakenly included on the list, but reinstated almost immediately after the error was…

  11. Annual Progress Report Fiscal Year 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-09-30

    93 Kossman, Marcia L.: 89/56 (Ongoing) Follow- up Support for Breastfeeding...subjects and in reaction media. Submitted Cross GM, Morgan C, Mooney A, Martin C, et al: Ten- year follow- up on alcoholism treatment. Alcoholism...center evaluation of Itraconazole for the treatment or systemic mycoses. All patients todate have had disseminated cocci. all have had favorable responses

  12. A Year of Advances for Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JING XIAOLEI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Ihe year 2009 saw unprecedented media coverage of many issues central to women's fights.Attention was focused on several social problems commonly afflicting women-employment discrimination,domestic violence and sexual violence.The China Women's News was at the forefront of covering the issues most concerning women.

  13. Flow Injection will be 25 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Elo Harald

    1999-01-01

    The article is a brief review of the first 25 years of Flow Injection Analysis (FIA), that is, from its conception and early development in the mid-70'es at the Department of Chemistry at DTU, yet it is particularly discussing why this analytical concept has had the impact that the ensuing 10...

  14. Bilateral Keratectasia 34 Years after Corneal Transplant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Valldeperas

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available We report the clinical findings of a patient with severe bilateral keratectasia 34 years after a penetrating keratoplasty (PK in both eyes. An otherwise healthy 67-year-old man complained of deterioration of the eyesight in both eyes over the last 6 months. The patient was diagnosed with bilateral keratoconus at the age of 32 years, and he underwent a bilateral PK. At presentation, visual acuity was 20/200 in the right eye and light perception in the left eye. A Pentacam pachymetric map revealed a central pachymetry of 720 µm in the right eye and of 710 µm in the left eye, as well as an average paracentral pachymetry of 436 and 270 µm in the 9-mm zone in the right and the left eye, respectively. Corneal topography revealed bilateral irregular and asymmetric bowing with generalized steepening and high corneal power. We describe a case of bilateral keratectasia 34 years after PK in a patient who was originally diagnosed with bilateral keratoconus.

  15. Trichotillomania Below Two Year Of Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brar Balwinder Kaur

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Trichotillomania is the compulsive habit that induces an individual to pluck hair repeatedly. Psychotherapy or psychoanalysis offers the best long-term prognosis for trichotillomania. We report two cases of trichotillomania in children less than two years of age because of its rarity.

  16. Program plan recognition for year 2000 tools

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deursen, A. van; Woods, S.; Quilici, A.

    1997-01-01

    There are many commercial tools that address various aspects of the Year 2000 problem. None of these tools, however, make any documented use of plan-based techniques for automated concept recovery. This implies a general perception that plan-based techniques is not useful for this problem. This pap

  17. 'Safe handling of nanotechnology' ten years on

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maynard, Andrew D.; Aitken, Robert J.

    2016-12-01

    In 2006, a group of scientists proposed five grand challenges to support the safe handling of nanotechnology. Ten years on, Andrew Maynard and Robert Aitken -- two of the original authors -- look at where we have come, and where we still need to go.

  18. Geometry in the Early Years: A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dindyal, Jaguthsing

    2015-01-01

    The primary goal of this paper is to provide a commentary on the teaching and learning of geometry in the early years of schooling with the set of papers in this issue as a guiding factor. It is structured around issues about geometry education of young learners, such as: what should we teach in geometry and why; representation of geometrical…

  19. Streamflow of 2008--Water year summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiaodong, Jian; Wolock, David M.; Lins, Harry F.; Brady, Steve

    2009-01-01

    The maps and graphs appearing in this summary describe streamflow conditions for water-year 2008 (October 1, 2007 to September 30, 2008) in the context of the 79-year period 1930-2008, unless otherwise noted. The illustrations are based on observed data from the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Streamflow Information Program. The period 1930-2008 was used because prior to 1930, the number of streamgages was too small to provide representative data for computing statistics for most regions of the country. In the summary, reference is made to the term "runoff," which is the depth to which a river basin, State, or other geographic area would be covered with water if all the streamflow within the area during a single year was uniformly distributed upon it. Runoff quantifies the magnitude of water flowing through the Nation's rivers and streams in measurement units that can be compared from one area to another. The runoff value for a geographic area is computed as the median runoff value for all streamgages in that geographic area. For example, the runoff value for a State is the median for all streamgages in that State, and the median for the Nation is the median value for all streamgages in the Nation. Each of the maps and graphs below can be expanded to a larger view by clicking on the image. In all the graphics, a rank of 1 indicates the highest flow of all years analyzed.

  20. Streamflow of 2007--Water year summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiaodong, Jian; Wolock, David M.; Lins, Harry F.

    2008-01-01

    The maps and graphs appearing in this summary describe streamflow conditions for water-year 2007 (October 1, 2006 to September 30, 2007) in the context of the 78-year period 1930-2007, unless otherwise noted. The illustrations are based on observed data from the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Streamflow Information Program. The period 1930-2007 was used because prior to 1930, the number of streamgages was too small to provide representative data for computing statistics for most regions of the country. In the summary, reference is made to the term "runoff," which is the depth to which a river basin, State, or other geographic area would be covered with water if all the streamflow within the area during a single year was uniformly distributed upon it. Runoff quantifies the magnitude of water flowing through the Nation's rivers and streams in measurement units that can be compared from one area to another. The runoff value for a geographic area is computed as the median runoff value for all streamgages in that geographic area. For example, the runoff value for a State is the median for all streamgages in that State, and the median for the Nation is the median value for all streamgages in the Nation. Each of the maps and graphs below can be expanded to a larger view by clicking on the image. In all the graphics, a rank of 1 indicates the highest flow of all years analyzed.

  1. One year in review 2016: spondyloarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parma, Alice; Cometi, Laura; Leone, Maria Comasia; Lepri, Gemma; Talarico, Rosaria; Guiducci, Serena

    2017-01-01

    Spondyloarthritis represents a heterogeneous group of articular inflammatory diseases that share common genetic, clinical and radiological features. Recently, novel insights into the epidemiology, pathogenesis and treatment of these diseases have been provided. Herewith, we present an overview ofthe most significant literature contributions published over the past year.

  2. One year in review 2015: spondyloarthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giovannini, L; Orlandi, M; Lodato, C; Cioffi, E; Tenti, S; Bardelli, M; Talarico, R; Guiducci, S

    2015-01-01

    Spondyloarthritis represents a heterogeneous group of articular inflammatory diseases that share common genetic, clinical and radiological features. Recently, novel insights into the epidemiology, pathogenesis and treatment of these diseases have been provided. Herewith, we provide an overview of the most significant literature contributions published over the year.

  3. Chinese Women 50 Years On (Part Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    IN accordance with thegovernment’s shift in focustoward the realization of thenation’s modernization in 1978,the year when China adopted itspolicy of reform, the All-ChinaWomen’s Federation mobilizedwomen to take an active part inthe new economic construction. Itplaced this work as its own focusfor the new era.

  4. A Psychology Fulbright Year in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portnoy, Robert N.

    2013-01-01

    This article shares a series of personal observations and anecdotes about central issues in college mental health in China based on my Fulbright year there. There are many cultural and structural forces that both support and constrain the growth of the mental health field in China. This article addresses these forces in terms of their impact on…

  5. Cognitive Development during the College Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hecke, Madeleine L.

    The use of William Perry's (1970) model of cognitive development during the college years to restructure an abnormal psychology course is described. The model provides a framework for students and teachers to understand the confusion and frustration they sometimes experience. Perry proposed that students enter college with tacit epistemological…

  6. 19 years old and a neutrino expert

    CERN Multimedia

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2010-01-01

    Courtney Williams, a 19-year old British student, is passionate about physics. She has just spent a week at CERN, from 12 to 16 July, a prize she won for a project on neutrinos in the framework of the European Union Contest for Young Scientists (EUCYS) held in September 2009.   Courtney Williams pays a visit to the CERN Library. “I’m returning to London after a very busy week at CERN but I hope to be back again one day, this time to work here. CERN is an amazing place for any scientist and it’s definitely the place to be if you want to study particles”, said Courtney during our interview. Courtney has just completed the first year of her physics degree course at Imperial College in London, which means that, combined with her two years of A-level studies, she has now been studying physics - and neutrinos in particular - for a total of 3 years. Before starting her university course, Courtney spent the summer break working on ACoRNE, the Acoustic Co...

  7. WP2 Annual Report 1st year

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jørgen Juncher

    2006-01-01

    This report constitutes a contribution to the consolidated annual report covering the activities in SAFEDOR for the first year (1/2-2005 to 1/2-2006). The report deals in five separate chapters one for each of the five subprojects. The objectives of WP2 are • To develop and / or refine...

  8. Annual Research Progress Report, Fiscal Year 1983,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-01

    COL, MC Chief, Department of Clinical Investigation REFERENCES I. Asimov , Isaac : How It Happened. In: The Winds of Change and Other Stories...research endeavors. This brings to mind a story, "How It happened," by Isaac Asimov.l "In the beginning," he said, "exactly fifteen point two billion years

  9. 25 years of time series forecasting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Gooijer, J.G.; Hyndman, R.J.

    2006-01-01

    We review the past 25 years of research into time series forecasting. In this silver jubilee issue, we naturally highlight results published in journals managed by the International Institute of Forecasters (Journal of Forecasting 1982-1985 and International Journal of Forecasting 1985-2005). During

  10. The Warranty--One Year Later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Robert D.

    1985-01-01

    Describes the first year of a program conducted by two Oregon institutions of higher education that "warranty" their teacher education graduates. The program provides support to graduates and their employers, encourages collaboration between the teacher education program and local schools, makes the teacher education faculty accountable,…

  11. Ten-year urban forestry action plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    J.W." Jerry" Van Sambeek

    2017-01-01

    The Ten-year Urban Forestry Action Plan: 2016-2026 was published in September, 2015 (see http://www.urbanforestry.subr.edu/FinalActionPlan_Complete_11_17_15.pdf). This 260 page heavily illustrated document was prepared by the National Urban and Community Forestry Advisory Council (NUCFAC) under leadership and funding from the USDA Forest Service. The Plan's...

  12. The Things We Read 75 Years Ago

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbieri, Richard

    2016-01-01

    Imagine you were an independent school educator in the years just before World War II. When the first "Independent School Bulletin" arrived, almost simultaneously with the attack on Pearl Harbor, what books would have been on your shelves? Are there any books your children and grandchildren might be reading now? According to best-seller…

  13. 10 billion years of massive Galaxies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taylor, Edward Nairne Cunningham

    2009-01-01

    The most massive galaxies in the local universe are not forming new stars -- but we don’t know why. As a step towards figuring out why big galaxies stop forming stars, we set out to measure when they stop forming stars. By looking at the colors of massive galaxies have changed over 10 billion year

  14. Research and development program, fiscal year 1974

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1972-04-01

    The biomedical program of the Laboratory of Nuclear Medicine and Radiation Biology for Fiscal Year 1974 is conducted within the scope of the following categories: Effects of Radiation of Living Organisms; Molecular and Cellular Radiobiology; Land and Fresh Water Environmental Sciences; Radiological and Health Physics and Instrumentation; and Nuclear Medical Research. (ACR)

  15. Ginzburg deserved Nobel prize 50 years back

    CERN Multimedia

    Golovchansky, V

    2003-01-01

    "Vitali Ginzburg deserved a Nobel prize fifty years back, Leonid Keldysh, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, who was Ginzburg's disciple, told Tass. "The Ginzburg-Landau phenomenal theory of superconductivity deserved a Nobel prize right upon being produced. It was a work of intransient importance" (1/2 page).

  16. The Business Schools: 50 Years on

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to offer a critique of the development of university business schools over the last 50 years and provide a perspective on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the publication of the journal Education + Training. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is critical and reflexive, reviewing the historical growth of…

  17. Guo Nian-Chinese New Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhiyang

    2012-01-01

    The 8th day of the 12th lunar monthis called Laba,the celebration of Chinese Lunar Nev Year starts from Laba on which day people enjoy a congee called Laba Zhou made of glutinous rice,dates and various beans.In ancient China,the main activity during Chinese New Year is to beat the ghosts,no matter royal family or common people.On the 23rd day of the same month,people offer sacrifice to the Kitchen God who decides weal and woe for abundant food and clothes.In the meantime,people do the cleaning to prevent diseases.On the 30th day,people paste pictures of door gods and couplets,put the flag out,make and eat dumplings and play fireworks.On the eve,people all stay up late to welcome the New Year.When the daybreak arrives,people visit each other to make New Year wishes.

  18. Still Reforming after All These Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, William

    2014-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Terry Grier, superintendent of the Houston Independent School District (HISD), Texas's largest district. Before taking this post, he had been a principal or superintendent for most of three decades and remains a reformer five years into his leadership. Grier has maintained his passion for improving schools…

  19. Five Years of Advance in Pioneering Spirit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    The past five years are an important period during which China’s special economic zones developed rapidly, and the economic strength of these zones entered upon a new stage. The Pudong New Region, Shanghai, is greeting its second, upsurge of developing both construction and function.

  20. 1000 Year-old Trees Protected

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏凤文

    2000-01-01

    Wuhan (Xinhua) : Ninety-seven ginkgo(银杏) trees in the city of Suizhou, each more than 1 000 years old, have been equipped with lightning rods(避雷针) and placed under special protection by local villagers in Central China's Hubei Province.

  1. 60 Golden Years of New China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Syed Ali Nawaz Gilani

    2009-01-01

    <正>Today is October 1, 2009, a day of joy and happiness for the People’s Republic of China and friends of China around the world to mark the 60th founding anniversary of the People’s Republic. In the past 60 years China

  2. Annual Site Environmental Report. Calendar Year 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    This report summarizes the environmental status of Ames Laboratory for calendar year 1997. It includes descriptions of the Laboratory site, its mission, the status of its compliance with applicable environmental regulations, its planning and activities to maintain compliance, and a comprehensive review of its environmental protection, surveillance and monitoring programs.

  3. ITER faces further five-year delay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clery, Daniel

    2016-06-01

    The €14bn ITER fusion reactor currently under construction in Cadarache, France, will require an additional cash injection of €4.6bn if it is to start up in 2025 - a target date that is already five years later than currently scheduled.

  4. Organized Improvisation: 20 Years of Organizing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weick, Karl E.

    1989-01-01

    Uses 20 years of research on organizing as a way of viewing current research efforts and of laying a foundation for future efforts. Compares organizational adjustments to jazz improvisations. Argues that, because of the relationship between organizational quality and criticism, there is no need for the additional trappings of hierarchy, rules,…

  5. 25 years of continental deep subduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG YongFei

    2009-01-01

    @@ This year marks the 25th anniversary of the discovery of coesite in metamorphic rocks of supracrustal origin.This initiated a revolution of the plate tectonics theory due to intensive studies of ultrahigh pressure metamorphism and continental deep subduction.The occurrence of coesite was first reported in 1984 by two French scientists,C.Chopin and D.C.Smith,respectively.

  6. Paraprofessional of the Year 2009: Tina Adams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, John N., III

    2009-01-01

    There is no doubt among the staff and managers at North Carolina State University (NCSU) Libraries, Raleigh, that advanced library technician Tina Adams deserves to be the winner of the "Library Journal's "Paraprofessional of the Year Award for 2009." "Certainly this library has never seen anyone like her before, not in my nine…

  7. Your Child's Development: 2 Years (24 Months)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Child Too Busy? Helping Your Child Adjust to Preschool School Lunches Kids and Food: 10 Tips for Parents Healthy Habits for TV, Video Games, and the Internet Your Child’s Development: 2 Years (24 Months) KidsHealth > For Parents > Your ...

  8. The first forty years, 1947-1987

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rowe, M.S. (ed.); Cohen, A.; Petersen, B.

    1987-01-01

    This report commemorates the fortieth anniversary of Brookhaven National Laboratory by representing a historical overview of research at the facility. The chapters of the report are entitled: The First Forty Years, Brookhaven: A National Resource, Fulfilling a Mission - Brookhaven's Mighty Machines, Marketing the Milestones in Basic Research, Meeting National Needs, Making a Difference in Everyday Life, and Looking Forward.

  9. iPS Cells 10 Years Later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-08

    In 2006, Takahashi and Yamanaka reported the breakthrough discovery of induction of pluripotent stem cells from fibroblasts by a combination of defined factors. Ten years later, Cell editor João Monteiro brings together Shinya Yamanaka and Hans Schöler, one the original reviewers of the landmark study, to revisit the history behind the paper and its long-lasting legacy.

  10. Hydrologic Conditions in Kansas, water year 2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Madison R.

    2016-03-31

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with Federal, State, and local agencies, maintains a long-term network of hydrologic monitoring sites in Kansas. In 2015, the network included about 200 real-time streamgages (hereafter referred to as “gages”), 12 real-time reservoir-level monitoring stations, and 30 groundwater-level monitoring wells. These data and associated analyses provide a unique overview of hydrologic conditions and help improve the understanding of Kansas’s water resources.Real-time data are verified by the USGS throughout the year with regular measurements of streamflow, lake levels, and groundwater levels. These data are used in protecting life and property; and managing water resources for agricultural, industrial, public supply, ecological, and recreational purposes. Yearly hydrologic conditions are characterized by comparing statistical analyses of current and historical water year (WY) data for the period of record. A WY is the 12-month period from October 1 through September 30 and is designated by the year in which it ends.

  11. Educating the Ablest: Twenty Years Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culross, Rita R.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the current lives of thirty-five individuals who participated in high school gifted programs twenty years ago. The research specifically looked at educational attainment and career goals in terms of expressed aspirations in high school, using social media and other Internet sources. Results indicated continued support for the…

  12. Cognitive Development: One-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Old Ages & Stages Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Cognitive Development: One-Year-Old Page Content Article Body As you watch your toddler at play, have you noticed how hard she concentrates on everything she does? Each game or task is a learning proposition, and she’ ...

  13. Eighteen Years of Safe Storage and Counting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moren, Richard J. [Mission Support Alliance; Morton, M. [Polestar Technical Services, INC

    2016-03-28

    The purpose of this paper is to share the status and condition of the six reactor buildings at the Hanford Site in Washington State that are in this SAFSTOR condition (for between 4 and 18 years as of summer of 2016).

  14. Cerebral palsy: the first three years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffer, M M; Koffman, M

    1980-09-01

    The orthopedic surgeion should be an integral part of a medical team for evaluation and treatment of young children with cerebral palsy. Surgical procedures in this first three years of life are usually limited to the adductor releases about the hip. Stretching and plastic splints about the ankle and knee followed by ankle-foot orthoses are frequently effective in correction of deformity.

  15. Calendar Year 2016 Stationary Source Emissions Inventory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evelo, Stacie [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-01-01

    The City of Albuquerque (COA) Environmental Health Department Air Quality Program has issued stationary source permits and registrations the Department of Energy/Sandia Field Office for operations at the Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico. This emission inventory report meets the annual reporting compliance requirements for calendar year (CY) 2016 as required by the COA.

  16. Forty Years of Kinesiology: A Canadian Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Digby

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides a brief history of the world's first two kinesiology programs at the University of Waterloo and Simon Fraser University, and then gives an overview of the development of kinesiology in Canada over the last 40 years. The issues addressed include departmental affiliation and accreditation, the development of provincial and…

  17. Forty years of a psychiatric day hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosário Curral

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Day hospitals in psychiatry are a major alternative to inpatient care today, acting as key components of community and social psychiatry. Objective: To study trends in the use of psychiatric day hospitals over the last decades of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century, focusing on patient age, sex, and diagnostic group, using data from Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal. METHODS: Data corresponding to years 1970 to 2009 were collected from patient files. Patients were classified into seven diagnostic groups considering their primary diagnoses only. RESULTS: Mean age upon admission rose from 32.7±12.1 years in the second half of the 1970s to 43.5±12.2 years in 2005-2009 (p for trend < 0.001. Most patients were female (63.2%, however their proportion decreased from nearly 70% in the 1970s to 60% in the first decade of the 21st century. In males, until the late 1980s, neurotic disorders (E were the most common diagnosis, accounting for more than one third of admissions. In the subsequent years, this proportion decreased, and the number of admissions for schizophrenia (C exceeded 50% in 2004- 2009. In females, until the late 1980s, affective disorders (D and neurotic disorders (E, similarly distributed, accounted for most admissions. From the 1990s on, the proportion of neurotic disorders (E substantially decreased, and affective disorders (D came to represent more than 50% of all admissions. CONCLUSIONS: Mean age upon admission rose with time, as did the percentage of female admissions, even though the latter tendency weakened in the last 10 years assessed. There was also an increase in the proportion of patients with schizophrenia.

  18. Surgical Site Infections: Volume-Outcome Relationship and Year-to-Year Stability of Performance Rankings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calderwood, Michael S; Kleinman, Ken; Huang, Susan S; Murphy, Michael V; Yokoe, Deborah S; Platt, Richard

    2017-01-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) rates are publicly reported as quality metrics and increasingly used to determine financial reimbursement. To evaluate the volume-outcome relationship as well as the year-to-year stability of performance rankings following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and hip arthroplasty. We performed a retrospective cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries who underwent CABG surgery or hip arthroplasty at US hospitals from 2005 to 2011, with outcomes analyzed through March 2012. Nationally validated claims-based surveillance methods were used to assess for SSI within 90 days of surgery. The relationship between procedure volume and SSI rate was assessed using logistic regression and generalized additive modeling. Year-to-year stability of SSI rates was evaluated using logistic regression to assess hospitals' movement in and out of performance rankings linked to financial penalties. Case-mix adjusted SSI risk based on claims was highest in hospitals performing year and year compared with hospitals performing ≥200 procedures/year. At that same time, hospitals in the worst quartile in a given year based on claims had a low probability of remaining in that quartile the following year. This probability increased with volume, and when using 2 years' experience, but the highest probabilities were only 0.59 for CABG (95% confidence interval, 0.52-0.66) and 0.48 for hip arthroplasty (95% confidence interval, 0.42-0.55). Aggregate SSI risk is highest in hospitals with low annual procedure volumes, yet these hospitals are currently excluded from quality reporting. Even for higher volume hospitals, year-to-year random variation makes past experience an unreliable estimator of current performance.

  19. UN declares 2008 "International Year of Planet Earth"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ted Nield

    2006-01-01

    @@ The United Nations General Assembly meeting in New York has proclaimed the year 2008 to be the United Nations International Year of Planet Earth. The Year's activities will span the three years 2007-2009.

  20. Natural Gas Multi-Year Program Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    This document comprises the Department of Energy (DOE) Natural Gas Multi-Year Program Plan, and is a follow-up to the `Natural Gas Strategic Plan and Program Crosscut Plans,` dated July 1995. DOE`s natural gas programs are aimed at simultaneously meeting our national energy needs, reducing oil imports, protecting our environment, and improving our economy. The Natural Gas Multi-Year Program Plan represents a Department-wide effort on expanded development and use of natural gas and defines Federal government and US industry roles in partnering to accomplish defined strategic goals. The four overarching goals of the Natural Gas Program are to: (1) foster development of advanced natural gas technologies, (2) encourage adoption of advanced natural gas technologies in new and existing markets, (3) support removal of policy impediments to natural gas use in new and existing markets, and (4) foster technologies and policies to maximize environmental benefits of natural gas use.

  1. Spotlight on CERN: resume of the year

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN video productions

    2010-01-01

    Millions of collisions each second. Temperatures 100,000 times hotter than the heart of the sun. 10,000 tons of liquid nitrogen. An enormous network of thousands of computers ready to process the millions of gigabytes that will be generated. These facts are now well-known and characterise the complexity of the LHC, which started in earnest on 30th March 2010. A year marked by a number of different, exciting events. A remarkable year all round. Welcome to this final edition of Spotlight on CERN for 2010. With our colleague Stéphan Petit, we are privilege to review these twelve months in the life of CERN with our guests Sergio Bertollucci, Director for Research and Computing and Steve Myers, Director for Accelerators and Technology.

  2. Liver transplantation before 1 year of age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esquivel, Carlos O.; Koneru, Baburao; Karrer, Frederick; Todo, Satoru; Iwatsuki, Shunzaburo; Gordon, Robert D.; Makowka, Leonard; Marsh, Wallis J.; Starzl, Thomas E.

    2010-01-01

    Since 1981, 20 infants younger than 1 year of age received 26 orthotopic liver transplants. Immunosuppression was with cyclosporine and corticosteroids. Thirteen (65%) of the recipients were discharged from the hospital. To date, 12 (60%) of the 20 recipients are surviving, with follow-up of 1 to 56 months (average 14 months). The 5-year actuarial survival is 53.8%. The allograft liver function in the majority of surviving infants is excellent. The predominant causes of mortality were primary nonfunction of the allograft (three patients) and sepsis (three). Major morbidity was caused by hepatic artery thrombosis (five patients), gastrointestinal complications (six), biliary tract complications (five), and bacterial and viral infections (13). Six patients underwent retransplantation; three of these six survived. Results could be improved by prevention of hepatic artery thrombosis, by decreasing the incidence of sepsis, and by procurement of more and better suited pediatric donors. PMID:3550022

  3. Acta Astronautica: 60 years of excellence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chern, Rock Jeng-Shing; Chang, Eva Yi-Wei

    2014-12-01

    The Acta Astronautica is 60 years old [1]. Ever since its first publication in 1955 with the title Astronautica Acta (from 1955 to 1973), 2014 is the 60th year of Acta Astronautica (from 1955 to present). Fig. 1 is a poster to manifest the remarkable milestone during the 65th IAC held in Toronto, Canada on 29 September to 3 October 2014. Under the auspices of the IAA's Publications and Communication Committee, and the seamless cooperation and strong support of IAA, Editor-in-Chief, Co-Editors, Managing Editor, authors, reviewers, readers, publisher and all IAA Academicians, its impact factor and ranking have significant improvements recently. Fig. 2 shows the increase in impact factor from 2008 to 2013. The ranking is 7 out of the 63+ journals in the category of Aerospace Engineering.

  4. Environmental monitoring report for calendar year 1988

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stencel, J.R.

    1989-05-01

    The results of the 1988 environmental monitoring program for the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) are presented and discussed. Two of three tokamak machines, the Princeton Beta Experiment Modification (PBX-M) and the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR), were in operation during the year. The Environmental Committee, which is a standing committee of the Executive Safety Board (ESB), continued to review items of environmental importance. During CY88 no adverse effects to the environment or public resulted from any operational program activities at PPPL, and the Laboratory was in compliance with all applicable federal, state, and local environmental regulations. Over the last two years the Department of Energy conducted major environmental audits at all of its facilities, including PPPL. No significant environmental concerns were noted as a result of the inspection and sampling at PPPL. 43 refs., 25 figs., 33 tabs.

  5. A 12-year cavern abandonment test

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brouard B.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1997-1998, an abandonment test was performed in a 950-m deep, 8000-m3 salt cavern operated by GDF SUEZ at Etrez, France. In this relatively small brine-filled cavern, which had been kept idle for 15 years before the test, thermal equilibrium was reached. A special system was designed to monitor leaks, which proved to be exceedingly small. In these conditions, brine permeation and cavern creep closure are the only factors to play significant roles in pressure evolution. This test strongly suggested that obtaining an equilibrium pressure such that the effects of these two factors were exactly equal would be reached in the long term. Four years later, pressure monitoring in the closed cavern resumed. Pressure evolution during the 2002-2009 period confirmed that cavern brine pressure will remain constant and significantly smaller than geostatic pressure in the long term, precluding any risk of fracturing and brine seepage to the overburden layers.

  6. Human space exploration the next fifty years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, David R; Turnock, Matthew

    2011-06-01

    Preparation for the fiftieth anniversary of human spaceflight in the spring of 2011 provides the space faring nations with an opportunity to reflect on past achievements as well as consider the next fifty years of human spaceflight. The International Space Station is a unique platform for long duration life science research that will play a critical role in preparing for future human space exploration beyond low earth orbit. Some feel the future path back to the Moon and on to Mars may be delayed with the current commitment of the United States to support the development of human-rated commercial spacecraft. Others see this as a unique opportunity to leverage the capability of the private sector in expanding access to space exploration. This article provides an overview of the past achievements in human spaceflight and discusses future missions over the next fifty years and the role space medicine will play in extending the time-distance constant of human space exploration.

  7. Annual Procurement Report, Fiscal Year 1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    This report presents summary data on all NASA procurement actions and detailed information on contracts, grants, agreements, and other procurements over $25,000 awarded by NASA during Fiscal Year 1997. The dollar value on procurements over $25,000 amounted to 98 percent of the total dollar value of procurement actions completed during Fiscal Year 1997. However, these larger procurements accounted for only 43 percent of the total actions. Procurement action, as used in this report means contractual actions to obtain supplies, services or construction which increase or decrease funds. A procurement action thus may be a new procurement or modifications such as supplemental agreements, change orders, or termination's to an existing contract that change the total amount of funds obligated. An obligation is a contractual commitment to pay for supplies or services that are specified in the contract. The Annual Procurement Report is also available via the internet on the Procurement homepage.

  8. Environmental Releases Report for Calendar Year 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ROKKAN, D.J.

    1999-08-27

    This report fulfills the annual reporting requirements of US. Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5400.1, General Environmental Protection Program. It presents summaries of air emissions and liquid effluents released to the environment as well as nonroutine releases during calendar-year 1998 from facilities and activities managed by Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. (FDH), and Bechtel Hanford, Inc. (BHI). Besides the summaries, the report also has extensive data on those releases and the radioactive and hazardous substances they contained. These data were obtained from direct sampling and analysis and from estimations deriving from approved release factors. This report further serves as a supplemental resource to the Hanford Site Environmental Report (HSER, PNNL-12088), which gives a yearly accounting of the major activities and environmental status of the Hanford Site. The HSER documents the Hanford Site's state of compliance with applicable environmental regulations as well as describing the impacts of activities on the Site to the surrounding populace and environment.

  9. Seed technology training in the year 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McDonald M.B.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Seed quality will remain the centerpiece of successful agricultural programs in the year 2000. As new changes occur in agriculture driven by advancements in biotechnology, seed enhancement technologies, a more diverse seed user clientele, and communication technologies, successful seed companies will require a knowledgeable and informed workforce to assure high seed quality. A new approach to seed technology training is professed that relies on the establishment of a three-institution consortium to achieve this objective. Advantages of the consortium are identified that emphasize the unique strengths of each institution, their geographic advantages representing major climactic/agricultural zones in the world, and differing approaches to seed technology training that are facilitated by increasing ease of global communication. This may be a better way to conduct seed technology training in the year 2000.

  10. Hydrogen program summary Fiscal Year 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1995-03-01

    The annual program summary provides stakeholders within the hydrogen community with a snapshop of important advances that have occurred in the National Hydrogen Program over the fiscal year, including industry interactions and cooperation. The document will also be used to encourage additional potential industrial partners to join the Hydrogen Program Team. Fiscal Year 1994 marked a turning point for the Hydrogen Program, with a budget that grew significantly. The focus of the program was broadened to include development of hydrogen production technologies using municipal solid waste and biomass, in addition to an increased emphasis on industrial involvement and near-term demonstration projects. In order to maintain its near- and long-term balance, the Hydrogen Program will continue with basic, fundamental research that provides the long-term, high-risk, high-payoff investment in hydrogen as an energy carrier.

  11. Analysis of 19-year tidal data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄祖珂; 陈宗镛; 司鸿业; 叶琳

    1997-01-01

    19-year tidal data of the 3 stations, Huludao, Qinhuangdao and Kanmen, have totally been analysed, and the amplitudes and phases of 472 tidal constituents have been calculated with a resolution of Δ≥ 0.002 2 /h. Based on the draconitic tide, the anomalistic tide and pole tide obtained, the ultra-long-period variations of the mean sea level have been predicted. The annual tidal analysis of 19-year data at the above-mentioned stations and at Tanggu, Longkou has been carried out. The stability of the annual tidal analysis has been investigated with regard to the astronomical factors, the nonlinear effects and the variations of sea-bottom topography.

  12. Calibrating 15 years of GOLF data

    CERN Document Server

    Davies, Guy R

    2011-01-01

    The GOLF resonant scattering spectrophotometer aboard SoHO has now provided 15 years of continuous high precision Sun-as-a-star radial-velocity measurements. This length of time series provides very high resolution in the frequency domain and is combined with very good long-term instrumental stability. These are the requirements for measuring the low-l low-frequency global oscillations of the Sun that will unlock the secrets of the solar core. However, before the scientifically interesting gravity and mixed modes of oscillation fully reveal themselves, a correction and calibration of the whole data set is required. Here we present work towards producing a 15 year GOLF data set corrected for instrumental ageing and thermal variation.

  13. Nebraska wind resource assessment first year results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hurley, P.J.F.; Vilhauer, R. [RLA Consulting, Inc., Bothell, WA (United States); Stooksbury, D. [Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE (United States)

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents the preliminary results from a wind resource assessment program in Nebraska sponsored by the Nebraska Power Association. During the first year the measured annual wind speed at 40 meters ranged from 6.5 - 7.5 m/s (14.6 - 16.8 mph) at eight stations across the state. The site selection process is discussed as well as an overview of the site characteristics at the monitoring locations. Results from the first year monitoring period including data recovery rate, directionality, average wind speeds, wind shear, and turbulence intensity are presented. Results from the eight sites are qualitatively compared with other midwest and west coast locations. 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. SPEAR 3: the First Year of Operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hettel, R.O.; /SLAC

    2006-02-10

    The first electrons were accumulated in the newly completed 3-GeV SPEAR 3 storage ring on December 15, 2003, five days after the beginning of commissioning. By mid-January of 2004, 100 mA were stored, the maximum current allowed in the first phase of SPEAR 3 operation, and ring characterization and tuning continued until early March when the first photon beam line was opened for users. After the first year of operation the SPEAR 3 beam properties and ring performance had been extensively measured. These include micron stability using slow orbit feedback, an emittance coupling of {approx}0.1% and 50-h lifetimes. The performance of SPEAR 3 during its first year of commissioning and operation and the improvement plans are described.

  15. Gallstone ileus 30 years status postcholecystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zens, Tiffany; Liebl, R Scott

    2010-12-01

    Gallstone ileus is an uncommon cause of small bowel obstruction which occurs in patients with chronic cholecystitis and gallstones who develop a cholecystoenteric fistula. Although gallstone ileus is relatively rare, it has a substantial mortality rate due in part to patient comorbidities and delays in treatment. We describe the case of a 94-year-old woman who presented with nausea, vomiting, mild abdominal tenderness, leukocytosis, and a 2.5-cm obstruction in her small bowel. Even though this patient underwent a total cholecystectomy 30 years prior, a 2.5-cm gallstone was surgically removed from her ileum. This case illustrates the importance of including gallstone ileus in the differential diagnosis for patients who present with small bowel obstruction even decades postcholecystectomy.

  16. Adaptionism-30 years after Gould and Lewontin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rasmus

    2009-01-01

    Gould and Lewontin's 30-year-old critique of adaptionism fundamentally changed the discourse of evolutionary biology. However, with the influx of new ideas and scientific traditions from genomics into evolutionary biology, the old adaptionist controversies are being recycled in a new context......, it is still difficult to construct strong arguments in favor of adaptation. However, despite the difficulties in establishing scientific arguments in favor of specific historic evolutionary events, there is still much to learn about evolution from genomic data....

  17. CERN celebrates 50 years in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Exploring the mysteries of the universe is too vast an undertaking for any one laboratory or nation. Over the past 50 years, CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, has drawn together physicists froma ll over the world into this great scientific adventure. in doing so, it has become a symbol of what peaceful international collaboration can accomplish. For many, it is also a symbol of the special international spirit of Geneva (2 pages)

  18. WEARABLE ELECTRONICS IN THE NEXT YEARS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PRINIOTAKIS George

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The term ‘Wearable Technologies’, ‘Wearable Electronics’, or ‘Smart Garments’, is associated to those clothing and soft or hard accessories which integrate electronic components, or which are made of smart textiles. Smart textiles research represents a new model for generating creative and novel solutions for integrating electronics into unusual environments and will result in new discoveries that push the boundaries of science forward. Last few years there are several hundreds or maybe thousands of research teams that works and develop such materials and products. But the key driver of the success of the wearable electronics is the acceptance from the end user. It is estimates that only for the next three years the sales in the wearable will be almost multiply by ten times. The flexible wearable computer industry's patent applications arrived at 429 in the second quarter of 2014, up 27.7% year on year, and witnessed a record high in the report's tracking period starting from the first quarter of 2012. The market has already in the shelf commercial products as wristbands (Fitness/well-being/sports devices, smart jewels, smart watches, mobile health devices, tech clothing, and augmented reality glasses. The recently developed enabling technologies eliminates the barriers and help the scientists and developers to launch new types of "wearable". The life style of a large share of population, the low cost of 3D printing for rapid prototyping locally, the large available platforms, the lower cost of sensors and components give a an impetus for large scale of products. In the same time the direct ordering channels to manufacturers of components facilitates the small producers and the scientists for prototype development. In this article we identify key challenges for the success of the wearable and we provide an outlook over the field and a prediction for the near future.

  19. Talking about Dragon in the Dragon Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhiyang

    2012-01-01

    In the five-thousand-year history of Chinese nation,dragon is the embodiment of Chinese culture,It represents the profound cultural deposits and expresses the cultural features of China.The characteristics of dragon are snake's body,eagle's claws,deer's antlers and tiger's teeth-the most featured and powerful pans from various animals.It indicates that Chinese culture absorbs merits of other cultures and integrates them,which is also the distinctive feature of Chinese culture.

  20. Visual attention: The past 25 years

    OpenAIRE

    Carrasco, Marisa

    2011-01-01

    This review focuses on covert attention and how it alters early vision. I explain why attention is considered a selective process, the constructs of covert attention, spatial endogenous and exogenous attention, and feature-based attention. I explain how in the last 25 years research on attention has characterized the effects of covert attention on spatial filters and how attention influences the selection of stimuli of interest. This review includes the effects of spatial attention on discrim...