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Sample records for 1943 1975 aec health

  1. Operational accidents and radiation exposure experience within the United States Atomic Energy Commission, 1943--1975. [AEC health and safety during first 32 years

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1975-01-01

    The occupational injury and fatality experience during 32 years of the development of the atomic energy industry under the direction of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and its predecessor, the Manhattan Engineering District, is reviewed. Data are included on the cause of all accidents, including fires and transportation accidents, and the cost of AEC property damage. Fatalities of AEC and contractor personnel from all causes during the 32-year period totaled 321, of which 184 occurred in construction; 121 in AEC operations such as production, research, and services; and 16 in Government functions. There were 19,225 lost-time injuries attributable to all accidental causes, or a 32-year frequency rate of 2.75 based on the number of injuries per million man-hours. There were six deaths attributable to nuclear causes, thee of which were due to blast and flying missiles and three caused by whole-body radiation exposure. Forty-one workers were involved in lost-time radiation accidents, of whom 26 showed clinical manifestations attributable to radiation, resulting in permanent partial-disability of three workers and the loss of a digit by four workers, while the others did not develop evidence of radiation injury. (CH)

  2. Ecclesia triumphans? Sectarianism and the Maronite Community 1943-1975

    OpenAIRE

    González Fernández, Borja W.

    2015-01-01

    Durante la Segunda República Libanesa (1943-1975) existía la percepción de que la comunidad maronita era la secta dominante del país y ostentaba un papel casi hegemónico dentro del marco confesional del Estado. Mediante el análisis de tres acontecimientos históricos clave (la “Revolución del Agua de Rosas” de 1952, la crisis de 1958 y las elecciones presidenciales de 1970), este ensayo tratará de probar que la comunidad maronita no ostentaba un control desproporcionado sobre la política liban...

  3. Escolas de enfermeiras no nordeste brasileiro (1943-1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Djailson José Delgado Carlos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio cualitativo, narrativo, socio histórico, con objetivo de analizar la creación de las Escuelas de Enfermeras en el Nordeste brasileño (1943-1975. El inicio del recorte temporal corresponde a la creación de la primera escuela y el final, al año en que todos los estados nordestinos brasileños tuvieron instituciones formadoras de enfermeras. La recolección de los datos ocurrió entre abril y julio de 2013, y se utilizó el acervo de la Biblioteca Central de la Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina y del Grupo de Estudios de Historia del Conocimiento de Enfermería y Salud. Sobre estas escuelas nordestinas, se concluye que su expansión fue incrementada después de la Reforma Universitaria. Esa realidad favoreció la formación local, abolió la necesidad de locomoción a otros estados, posibilitó nuevo escenario en las instituciones de enseñanza y de salud, y mejorías en la atención a la salud.

  4. Feasibility study of the correlation of lifetime health and mortality experience of AEC and AEC Contractor employees with occupational radiation exposure. Progress report No. 3, June 1, 1966-May 31, 1967

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mancuso, T.F.; Sanders, B.S.; Brodsky, A.

    1967-01-01

    The objective of this 5-year project is to assess the feasibility of using personnel, employment, medical, and radiation records in establishing the relationships between mortality patterns and levels of radiation exposure. The following AEC Contractor facilities were selected for the test runs: the three Oak Ridge facilities, Hanford, and several small feed materials plants. During this project year, the recording of personal data on Oak Ridge employees and feed materials centers will be intensified, other phases of the project will be continued, and the searching for deaths through the Social Security Administration will begin. (PCS)

  5. Science, health and development: Chagas disease in Brazil, 1943-1962.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kropf, S Petraglia

    2005-12-01

    The present paper discusses the historical construction and legitimacy of Chagas disease as a distinct nosological entity and as a public health issue in Brazil. It focuses on the activities of a group of researchers from Oswaldo Cruz Institute who worked at the Centre for the Study and Prevention of Chagas disease, located in Bambuí, Minas Gerais. Led in the 1940s and 50s by Emmanuel Dias, disciple of Carlos Chagas, the group made important contributions to the clinical characterization of Chagas disease as a cardiac illness, established the fact that it was technically possible to control the disease by using residual insecticides, and engaged in intense political mobilization to have the disease included as part of the Health Ministry sanitation campaigns. My hypothesis is that the group's work was a determining factor in the overcoming of certain unresolved controversies that had surrounded the medical and social identity of the disease since the 1920s. I examine to what extent this process was directly linked both to post-war optimism over new possibilities of combating infectious diseases and to the national and international debate on the relation between health and economic and social development.

  6. AEC to Referee, Not Promote, Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1971-10-29

    A major turnabout in the attitude of the Atomic Energy Commission toward the nuclear power industry was signaled last week by the ntew AEC chairman James R. Schlesinger. With patrician froideur, Schlesinger informed a mass gathering of the nuclear power industry at Bal Harbour, Florida, that from henceforth the AEC woLuld act as the referee of nuclear power, not its promoter. Saying he would dispense with the "anecdotes and clumsy jests" customary on such occasions, Schlesinger served notice on the nuclear banqueters that their cozy relationship with the AEC was at an end. The industry should not expect the AEC to fight its battles: it should take its own case to the public-as the Sierra Club does. Nor did the AEC intend to bend the rules in industry's favor. "We have had a fair amount of advice on how to evade the clear mandate of the federal courts. It is advice we did not think proper to accept," Schlesinger said. Even on matters of engineering quality, the diners were told they knew full well they had "reason to blush." Roused out of any postprandial euphoria by this glacial disdain, the industry representatives heard the new chairman announce the following radical upheavals in official AEC philosophy.

  7. Causes of mortality in eagles submitted to the National Wildlife Health Center 1975-2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Robin E.; Franson, J. Christian

    2014-01-01

    We summarized the cause of death for 2,980 bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and 1,427 golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) submitted to the National Wildlife Health Center in Madison, Wisconsin, USA, for diagnosis between 1975 and the beginning of 2013. We compared the proportion of eagles with a primary diagnosis as electrocuted, emaciated, traumatized, shot or trapped, diseased, poisoned, other, and undetermined among the 4 migratory bird flyways of the United States (Atlantic, Mississippi, Central, and Pacific). Additionally, we compared the proportion of lead-poisoned bald eagles submitted before and after the autumn 1991 ban on lead shot for waterfowl hunting. Trauma and poisonings (including lead poisoning) were the leading causes of death for bald eagles throughout the study period, and a greater proportion of bald eagles versus golden eagles were diagnosed as poisoned. For golden eagles, the major causes of mortality were trauma and electrocution. The proportion of lead poisoning diagnoses for bald eagles submitted to the National Wildlife Health Center displayed a statistically significant increase in all flyways after the autumn 1991 ban on the use of lead shot for waterfowl hunting. Thus, lead poisoning was a significant cause of mortality in our necropsied eagles, suggesting a continued need to evaluate the trade-offs of lead ammunition for use on game other than waterfowl versus the impacts of lead on wildlife populations. Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  8. Interaction Dynamics in AEC Global Teamwork

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Renate Fruchter; Shubashri Swaminathan; Naohiro Matsumura; Yukio Ohsawa

    2008-01-01

    Architecture,engineering,and construction (AEC) global project teamwork is communication in-tensive and relies heavily on synchronous and asynchronous information and collaboration technologies (ICT).We explore in this paper how an asynchronous ICT,called ThinkTank,reshaped the work practice of design-construction global teams.and how the interaction with this ICT reshaped the purpose and benefits of its use.ThinkTank is a web-based asynchronous collaboration and discussion forum.We introduce the influence diffusion model (IDM) that formalizes the process of identifying the influence of people,messages,and terms mathematically.Discovering who the influence leaders in project teams are can be beneficial and critical from a corporate management perspective.since they can guide or motivate the team towards suc-cessful actions and outcomes.We present the ThinkTank-IDM integrated system and its validation with a testbed of 53 AEC global team project archived in ThinkTank over 8 years.

  9. Variations of thermospheric composition according to AE-C data and CTIP modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Rishbeth

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Data from the Atmospheric Explorer C satellite, taken at middle and low latitudes in 1975-1978, are used to study latitudinal and month-by-month variations of thermospheric composition. The parameter used is the "compositional Ρ-parameter", related to the neutral atomic oxygen/molecular nitrogen concentration ratio. The midlatitude data show strong winter maxima of the atomic/molecular ratio, which account for the "seasonal anomaly" of the ionospheric F2-layer. When the AE-C data are compared with the empirical MSIS model and the computational CTIP ionosphere-thermosphere model, broadly similar features are found, but the AE-C data give a more molecular thermosphere than do the models, especially CTIP. In particular, CTIP badly overestimates the winter/summer change of composition, more so in the south than in the north. The semiannual variations at the equator and in southern latitudes, shown by CTIP and MSIS, appear more weakly in the AE-C data. Magnetic activity produces a more molecular thermosphere at high latitudes, and at mid-latitudes in summer.

    Key words. Atmospheric composition and structure (thermosphere – composition and chemistry

  10. Respirator studies for the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Progress report, July 1, 1974--June 30, 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Douglas, D.D.; Revoir, W.; Lowry, P.L.

    1976-08-01

    Respirator studies carried out in FY 1975 for the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health were concentrated in two major areas: (1) the development of respirator test equipment and methods to improve the means of evaluating the performance of respirators, (2) the testing of respirators to obtain quantitative data to permit recommendations to be made to upgrade respirator performance criteria. Major accomplishments included obtaining man-test results on several different respirators using an anthropometrically selected test panel, determination of respirator exhalation valve leakages under static and dynamic conditions, and determination of the effects of respirator strap tension on facepiece leakage.

  11. Flensborg den 24. maj 1943

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Merete Bo

    2014-01-01

    Et bombardement af Flensborg 19. maj 1943 kostede mange ofre på både tysk og dansk side. Artiklen sammenligner det danske mindretals begravelsesceremoni med den nazistiske med særligt vægt på de forskellige indslags signalværdi over for det omgivende samfund.......Et bombardement af Flensborg 19. maj 1943 kostede mange ofre på både tysk og dansk side. Artiklen sammenligner det danske mindretals begravelsesceremoni med den nazistiske med særligt vægt på de forskellige indslags signalværdi over for det omgivende samfund....

  12. 47 CFR 73.1943 - Political file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Political file. 73.1943 Section 73.1943... Rules Applicable to All Broadcast Stations § 73.1943 Political file. (a) Every licensee shall keep and permit public inspection of a complete and orderly record (political file) of all requests for...

  13. 49 CFR 19.43 - Competition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Competition. 19.43 Section 19.43 Transportation... Requirements Procurement Standards § 19.43 Competition. All procurement transactions shall be conducted in a manner to provide, to the maximum extent practical, open and free competition. The recipient shall...

  14. Drive train system delivered to FORD AEC; FORD AEC nonyu drive trench system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-02-29

    Meidensha and MTS (the U.S.) jointly delivered to FORD AEC (the U.S.) a drive train system of 5 dynamo-meters aimed mainly at NVH measurement (noise, vibration, harshness) of 4WD car use drive train. Meidensha handled FCDY, control disk, and 4WD system control device, and MTS did hydraulic exciter (engine torque mock use, and possible of excitation of 500Hz at maximum), operation/measurement system, flywheel, gear, and soundproof box. Meidensha treated the following. (1) Input axis FCDY. (2) Output axis FCDY 4 sets. (3) IGBT type inverter control disk 5 sets. (4) 4WD control device (digital controller). It is possible of high accuracy phase control ({+-}1 degree) of output axis dynamo-meter. This system makes NVH test of drive train even by motor drive possible. (translated by NEDO)

  15. 21 CFR 582.1975 - Bleached beeswax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bleached beeswax. 582.1975 Section 582.1975 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL... Additives § 582.1975 Bleached beeswax. (a) Product. Bleached beeswax (white wax). (b) Conditions of...

  16. Exploring the Client–AEC Interface in Building Lifecycle Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John M. Kamara

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The creation and management of buildings over their lifecycle involves the cooperation of many organizations, which broadly fall into a client domain and AEC (architecture, engineering, construction domain. While this mix of expertise is essential, the ineffective management of the boundaries between these organizations can undermine building lifecycle performance. This paper explores client–AEC interactions at the project development and handover stages, with a view to discovering insights into client–AEC interface management for effective building lifecycle integration (BLI. The concept of boundary objects provided the theoretical framework to discuss findings from two case studies on the project development phase of a private finance initiative project, and the asset development process in a repeat client organization. The findings suggest that there are different emphases in boundary crossing activities at different stages, with boundary roles that relate to decision-making and authority to commit resources being more relevant at the project development stage, whereas the need to explain meanings appear to be more relevant at the handover stage. AEC professionals in client organizations play a crucial role in bridging knowledge boundaries about buildings, but this professional/functional strand to BLI needs to be effectively managed alongside the organizational boundaries, since the authority to resource BLI efforts resides within organizations.

  17. Mental Health Technician Training Program, Desert Willow Training Center, March 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Public Health Service (DHEW), Washington, DC. Div. of Indian Health.

    Founded in 1971, the program was designed to allow Indian Health Service (IHS) trainees to take as little or as much training as they needed to fill their agency's requirements and their own career ambitions. A full complement of courses leading to an associate degree in Mental Health Technology was developed for the Center and accredited through…

  18. Bibliography of the literature of the Health Physics Division through calendar year 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dixon, M.N. (comp.)

    1976-03-01

    The literature of the Health Physics Division is documented. The bibliography contains open literature publications, report literature, and special literature. An author index and separate listings of theses and patents are included. (HLW)

  19. Educational services in health sciences libraries: an analysis of the periodical literature, 1975-1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zachert, M J

    1987-07-01

    The periodical literature on group instructional services in health sciences libraries was analyzed to determine the nature of these services, their target audiences, and their institutional settings. Three kinds of reports were identified: descriptions of services (70%), reviews of the literature (10.5%), and future-oriented articles that advocate various group instructional services (19.5%). Five target audiences were identified: library users, staff, librarian peers, library science students, and patients. Instructional services were offered primarily in medical school/center libraries, hospital libraries, and the National Library of Medicine and its Regional Medical Libraries (RMLs). To a lesser extent, health sciences educational services are offered through other professional school libraries, library associations and consortia, and schools of library science. There are gaps in the literature in the areas of library experience with marketing, evaluation, administration of the offered educational services, and continuing education for health sciences librarians.

  20. Inhaling Democracy: Cigarette Advertising and Health Education in Post-war West Germany, 1950s–1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliot, Rosemary

    2015-01-01

    In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the West German government was faced with the challenge of addressing a damaging health behaviour, smoking, in the context of an emerging late modern democracy, when the precedent for addressing that behaviour was set in the Nazi past. This paper details the two-pronged approach which the government took: seeking restrictions on cigarette advertising, whilst educating young people to adopt positive health behaviours in the face of pressure to smoke. This approach can be understood in the social and economic context of the time: an economic commitment to the social market economy worked against restrictions on the sale of cigarettes; whilst concerns about past authoritarian structures prompted the health authorities to seek novel ways of addressing smoking, emphasising choice. In a nuanced way, post-war anti-smoking strategies were a response to West Germany's National Socialist past, but more importantly, a signal of an increasingly international outlook. PMID:26217071

  1. Medicine Lake NWR Water Use Report- 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report contains locations and water use at Medicine Lake NWR for 1943. The document provides tabulated data for each area of Medicine Lake NWR, including the...

  2. MODELAGEM SISTÊMICA DE PROJETOS DE AEC EM UML

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Cristina Ferreira

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available O uso intensivo de Sistemas de Informação é uma possível solução para a integração das atividades de projeto em AEC, permitindo que decisões sejam tomadas ainda na fase de projeto e, conseqüentemente, evitando-se retrabalhos em obra. Neste sentido, esforços têm sido realizados para padronizar conceitos e terminologias de AEC, permitindo a troca e armazenagem de informações, como a norma ISO 12006-2 e os padrões estabelecidos pelo IFC. Ambas são baseadas na linguagem EXPRESS, assim como é o padrão industrial STEP. Entretanto, as representações de informação usadas na indústria de produtos não são as mais adequadas para a Engenharia de Software, responsável pelo desenvolvimento de Sistemas de Informação, onde as representações semânticas envolvem não somente a representação estrutural da informação, mas também a representação comportamental. Este artigo contribui com uma visão de implementação em UML da informação de um projeto de AEC e tornam explícitas, sob a ótica do desenvolvimento de software, as relações semânticas existentes. Os resultados desta pesquisa foram obtidos através da realização de um estudo de caso de projeto de produção em CAD 3D dos subsistemas alvenaria e revestimento para um edifício residencial. A partir das observações do estudo de caso foi feita a modelagem em UML dos objetos pertinentes. O principal resultado obtido foi a representação explícita das interfaces entre objetos AEC.

  3. ITC-Euromaster Course Pool for AEC Engineers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Tibaut

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes the ITC-Euromaster Course Pool. It is a concept that powers e-learning environment for conducting an international Master’s level programme in information technologies for Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC. The e-learning environment integrates resources (units of study, learning management system, virtual classroom, teachers and students from five European universities. In the paper following aspects of the system are presented: concept and methodology of the Course Pool, technology for e-learning and evaluation results.

  4. The medical officer of health, the social worker, and the problem family, 1943 to 1968: the case of family service units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starkey, P

    1998-12-01

    It has sometimes been assumed that the Report of the Seebohm Committee on the Local Authority and Allied Personal Social Services of 1968 and subsequent Local Authority (Social Services) Reorganization signalled a reduction in the influence of Medical Officers of Health in the care of poor and disorganized families and an increase in that of social workers. This article considers the role of Medical Officers of Health in the care of such families in the period after the Second World War, and their relationship with one of the key voluntary social work agencies in the field, Pacifist Service Units/Family Service Units. By examining the shift in responsibility from public health doctors to social workers and using the Bristol Family Service Unit as a case study, it argues that in many areas the Children and Young Persons Act of 1963 was used formally to transfer responsibility for such families to the Children's Departments and that the process was complete before the Seebohm Committee reported in 1968. It also suggests that those families in difficulty who remained the responsibility of the Public Health Department, and who were thought to have increased in number during the course of the 1960s, presented health visitors and public health doctors with a different range of problems, although they continued to be labelled problem families.

  5. PBL Lab: AEC Global Teamwork Course, Stanford University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anja Jutraž

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available On the AEC Global Teamwork course, students of architecture and construction work together on demanding construction projects designed in accordance with modern standards and environmental requirements. Students work in mixed international and interdisciplinary project teams consisting of architects, structural engineers, construction managers, MEP engineers, and life-cycle financial managers.Except for two short personal meetings at Stanford University in California, (at the beginning and end of the project work, students from various universities around the world (e.g. University of California, Berkeley; University of Wisconsin, Madison; University of Puerto Rico; Bauhaus - University Weimar; Aalborg University; etc. will work remotely, using modern design tools and communication. At the end of the project work, the goal is to produce a comprehensive and integrated design for public buildings.

  6. Gordon Fraser (1943-2013)

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    We were deeply saddened to learn that Gordon Fraser had passed away on 3 January. During his 25-year career at CERN, until his retirement in 2002, he made many valuable contributions to the Laboratory, in particular as editor of CERN Courier.   Gordon’s life in science began at Imperial College London, where he obtained a PhD with the theory group of the future Nobel laureate Abdus Salam. He then spent time at Tel Aviv University in Yuval Ne’eman’s group and at Brighton University, before changing career to become a journalist, at first for Computer Weekly in London. He moved into scientific editing at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in 1975 and it was from there that he was hired to join the publications team at CERN in 1977. By 1982 Gordon had become the editor of the CERN Courier. During his time at the helm, both particle physics and the Courier changed considerably. Under his careful stewardship aspects of publishing were outsourced, leading to a...

  7. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : January 1, 1943 to April 30, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions,...

  8. Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September 1, 1943 to December 31, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sand Lake NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  9. Sex differences in mortality in Denmark during half a century, 1943-92

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Helweg-Larsen, K; Juel, K

    2000-01-01

    The emphasis of this study is on the relative mortality of 45-74-year-old men and women in Denmark in 1943-92, following economic and political changes that have affected the social meaning of gender over the last 50 years, and which have diminished former sex differences in health behaviour....

  10. IMPROVING THE HARD SKILLS AND SOFT SKILLS OF MADRASAH TEACHERS FOR DEALING ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY (AEC)

    OpenAIRE

    Laely Mahmudah

    2016-01-01

    ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) has been started rolling. Market competition, industry, and skilled workers, especially in the field of education are becoming increasingly stringent. Madrasah teachers as the front liners in the education process should improve the quality of human resources. Hard skills and soft skills of madrasah teachers must be improved to deal with the Asean Economic Community (AEC). Hard skills are academic skills that include pedagogic competence and professional compete...

  11. Kebijakan Mussolini Di Italia (1922-1943)

    OpenAIRE

    Singarimbun, Martin

    2013-01-01

    This study describes and analyzes the facts policies Benito Mussolini in Italy in the year 1922 to 1943. Militaristic phenomenon as an alternative chosen by Benito Mussolini is to streamline the sources of power in the building possessed by the armed forces in Italy. This research uses state theory and the theory of ideology as a basis for analyzing the problems of the problems occurred. In this study data on the history of Italy is composed of the ancient roman era, the gothic era, the era ...

  12. Mental Health In-Service Program for Employed Long-Term Care Personnel. Final Report for May and June 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souhrada, Julie

    Since June 1973, Iowa Lakes Community College (Iowa) has been conducting an in-service training program for employees of local nursing homes. The program was designed to upgrade the participants' knowledge of the mental health aspects of care for the aged and to improve their abilities to provide physical health care. The specific objectives of…

  13. Income inequality and population health: an analysis of panel data for 21 developed countries, 1975-2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torre, Roberta; Myrskylä, Mikko

    2014-03-01

    The relative income-health hypothesis postulates that income distribution is an important determinant of population health, but the age and sex patterns of this association are not well known. We tested the relative income-health hypothesis using panel data collected for 21 developed countries over 30 years. Net of trends in gross domestic product per head and unobserved period and country factors, income inequality measured by the Gini index is positively associated with the mortality of males and females at ages 1-14 and 15-49, and with the mortality of females at ages 65-89 albeit less strongly than for the younger age groups. These findings suggest that policies to decrease income inequality may improve health, especially that of children and young-to-middle-aged men and women. The mechanisms behind the income inequality-mortality association remain unknown and should be the focus of future research.

  14. [The "modernization" of health education in both German states between 1949 and 1975. The example of smoking].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammer, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Using the example of smoking, this article scrutinizes the notions of order, educational conduct and images of subjects in the health education of both German states between 1949 and the mid 70s. Drawing on archival sources, publications and educational media from both health ministries, the Deutsches Hygiene-Museum and the Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung I reconstruct the organizational, conceptual and medial shift of health education from "citizenship" to a technology of communication and public relation, needing "scientification" in the 1960s. New epidemiological evidence fostered the belief in an efficacious prevention of manly coded and with smoking associated cardio-vascular diseases by forming healthy behavior. This went hand in hand with the increase of state responsibility for the health of its citizens and the import of new knowledge stemming from social research and new methodological expertise from advertising. At the same time the ideal of a comprehensible citizen shifted into a "socialist personality" that was to be shaped by a hierarchical and consistent education in the German Democratic Republic. In the Federal Republic of Germany the general principle of the self-determined citizen unfolded the antagonism of health education between individual emancipation and imposition.

  15. Comparison of exposure dose by using AEC mode of abdomen AP study in radiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ki Won [Dept. of Radiology, Gang-dong Kyung Hee Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Yong Rak; Seo, Seong Won [Dept. of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Kyung Tae [Dept. of Radiology, Dongnam Health University, Suwon (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Joo Young; Son, Soon Yong [Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Min, Jung Whan [Dept. of Radiology, Shingu University, Sungnam (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-09-15

    We evaluated the effectiveness of TL (Time Limit) method by comparing with NTL (Non-time limit) method when it is used for examinations for abdomen Anterior Posterior (AP) in this paper. The evaluation was conducted based on the comparison of dose, and of signal to noise ratio (SNR) and contrast to ratio (CNR) on both methods. The experiments were conducted with XGEO GC 80 (Samsung, Korea), Unfors ThinX RAD (Unfors, Sweden) and Rando Phantom (Alderson research laboratories, USA) and shielding material with the size of 5.5 × 9 × 0.1 cm{sup 3}. It was set to activate only two upper ionization chambers in automatic exposure control (AEC) mode and the tube-voltage was set to 80kVp. When the exposure time was limited, it is limited to 51 msec. The images both by NTL AEC method and TL AEC method were acquired when with and without attachment of shielding material on the upper ionization chambers. The images were evaluated by SNR and CNR which are the image evaluation methods using ‘Image J’. The NTL AEC method showed increases in dose as much as 130.7% at maximum and 80% at minimum than other methods. The TL AEC method showed decreases in mAs and exposure dose than the NTL AEC method as much as 43.8% and 44.4% respectively. There were no significant differences in SNR or CNR for the experiments (p≥0.05). Therefore, it is suggested that the TLAEC mode is more effective when examining patients who have high BMI index or a patient with a metallic substance in the body after surgery.

  16. Sullys Hill National Game Preserve Narrative Report : September - December 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sullys Hill National Game Reserve outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December 1943. The report begins by summarizing...

  17. North Dakota Easement District #3 : Narrative Report : January - December 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during January to December 1943 for Synder, Brumba, Rock Lake, School-Section Lake, Willow Lake, Rabb Lake, Lord's Lake, Camp...

  18. Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : September - December, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Okefenokee NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  19. Slade National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative Report : September - December 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Slade National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing...

  20. Narrative report: Fort Peck Game Range: May - August 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Fort Peck NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions and...

  1. North Dakota Easements District #4 : Narrative Reports : May - August 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during May - August 1943. for Lake Ilo, Legion Lake, Stewart Lake, White Lake, Lake Susie, Clearwater, Lake Patricia, Lake...

  2. Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative Report : January - April 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Lake Ilo and Legion Lake National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1943. The report begins by...

  3. Narrative report, Crescent Lake Refuge : September, October, November, & December, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by...

  4. Basic data report for Drillhole AEC 7 (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant - WIPP). [Lea County, New Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1983-01-01

    AEC 7 is a borehole drilled in western Lea County, New Mexico, in section 31, T.21S.,R.32E. AEC 7 was drilled to 3918 feet in 1974 by Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Sandia deepened the hole to 4732 ft in 1979. The borehole provided stratigraphic and lithologic information in the initial and final drilling. The borehole was used extensively for tests of borehole plugs and plugging operations. AEC 7 penetrated, in descending order, Holocene sands and Mescalero caliche (8 ft), Santa Rosa Sandstone (109 ft), Dewey Lake Red Beds (542 ft), Rustler Formation (325 ft), Salado Formation (2014 ft), Castile Formation (1521 ft), and the upper Bell Canyon Formation (197 ft). Cores were obtained from much of the borehole. An extensive suite of geophysical logs provides information on stratigraphy, lithology, and structure. Beds were in normal stratigraphic sequence and without structural deformation except in the lower Castile. Anhydrite II and Halite II appear to be repeated in the borehole. This section was penetrated during deepening by Sandia; the structural complication is consistent with deformation found nearby in ERDA 6. The potential site on which AEC 7 is located was abandoned in 1976 after ERDA 6 was drilled. The WIPP is a demonstration facility for the disposal of transuranic (TRU) waste from defense programs. The WIPP will also provide a research facility to investigate the interactions between bedded salt and high level wastes.

  5. The Role of English Debating Tournament in the Face of the ASEAN Economy Community (AEC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husnawadi; Syamsudarni

    2016-01-01

    Since its establishment in the late 2015, the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) with English as the official language has forced its participating countries to improve the quality of English language teaching, in the hope to prepare their people to be globally competitive, as the lack of English proficiency remains the main challenge across the…

  6. Datas on the Malvetum pusillae Morariu 1943 association from Transilvania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florica JULA

    1970-08-01

    Full Text Available Die Arbeit enthalt Daten uber die Association der ruderalen Unkrauter Malvetum pusillae Morariu 1943 aus den Kreisen Cluj 1-4 und Bistrita-Nasaud 5. Urtica urens, und Malva neglecta. Die daten der Aufnahmen 4 un 5, auf Grund deren Malva nelecta hohere Werte A-D aufweist (3-5, bestimmen uns, sie als Fazies im Rahmen der Association Malvetum pusillae Morariu 1943 zu betrachten (Tabelle 1.

  7. Allied Health Field, Seventh Grade. Operation TACT [Toward an Allied Health Career Today] Field Test Curriculum 1973-1975 [and Teachers' Handbook].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connecticut Univ., Storrs. School of Allied Health Professions.

    The two-part set consists of a student handbook and a related teachers' handbook in allied health education for use at the seventh grade level. The student handbook contains four units: (1) investigating health care needs, (2) mental health--study of different types of job roles and their related activities and skills, (3) treatment--diagnosis of…

  8. Fort Niobrara Easement Refuges: Lake Andes, Lake Arconge, Carr, Eagle Creek: May 1, 1943 to Aug. 31, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report summarizes activities on the Fort Niobrara Easement Refuges between May and August of 1943. Water conditions, weather conditions, migratory...

  9. Potentials for Radio Frequency Identification in AEC/FM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Karsten Menzel; CONG Zixiang; Luke Allan

    2008-01-01

    Radio frequency identification (RFID) technology has proved to be very effective in industries as di-verse as aircraft manufacturing to health and care. The construction industry has been slow to take up on RFID and this paper will discuss the merits of the technology in its potential for application within the con-struction sector. The paper reports about the prototypical implementation of RFID-based information man-agement in FM-scenarios. The prototypes were tested at University College Cork (UCC). The general appli-cability of RFID for decentralised information management could be demonstrated.

  10. Marihuana and Health: In Perspective. Summary and Comments on the Fifth Annual Report to the U.S. Congress from the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD.

    This booklet on marihuana and health begins with general observations made at a press briefing by the Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, followed by questions and answers. The last section contains a summary and overview of the Fifth Annual Report to the U.S. Congress from the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. The…

  11. Publications of LASL research, 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kerr, A.K. (comp.)

    1976-09-01

    This bibliography lists unclassified 1975 publications of work done at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory and those earlier publications that were received too late for inclusion in earlier compilations. Papers published in 1975 are included regardless of when they were actually written. Declassification of previously classified reports is considered to constitute publication. All classified issuances are omitted. The bibliography includes Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory reports, papers released as non-Los Alamos reports, journal articles, books, chapters of books, conference papers (whether published separately or as part of conference proceedings issued as books or reports), papers published in congressional hearings, theses, and U.S. Patents. Publications by LASL authors which are not records of Laboratory-sponsored work are included when the Library becomes aware of them. The entries are arranged in sections by the following broad subject categories: aerospace studies; analytical technology; astrophysics; atomic and molecular physics, equation of state, opacity; biology and medicine; chemical dynamics and kinetics; chemistry; cryogenics; crystallography; CTR and plasma physics; earth science and engineering; energy (nonnuclear); engineering and equipment; EPR, ESR, NMR studies; explosives and detonations; fission physics; health and safety; hydrodynamics and radiation transport; instruments; lasers; mathematics and computers; medium-energy physics; metallurgy and ceramics technology; neutronics and criticality studies; nuclear physics; nuclear safeguards; physics; reactor technology; solid state science; and miscellaneous (including Project Rover). Author, numerical, and KWIC indexes are included. (RWR)

  12. IMPROVING THE HARD SKILLS AND SOFT SKILLS OF MADRASAH TEACHERS FOR DEALING ASEAN ECONOMIC COMMUNITY (AEC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laely Mahmudah

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available ASEAN Economic Community (AEC has been started rolling. Market competition, industry, and skilled workers, especially in the field of education are becoming increasingly stringent. Madrasah teachers as the front liners in the education process should improve the quality of human resources. Hard skills and soft skills of madrasah teachers must be improved to deal with the Asean Economic Community (AEC. Hard skills are academic skills that include pedagogic competence and professional competence. How to improve the hard skills is to meet the pedagogic competence (ability to manage learning students and professional competence (the ability to master the learning material is broad and deep. Soft skills is the ability to organize themselves (intrapersonal skills, such as creativity, motivation, and self-contained and the ability to interact with others (interpersonal skills, such as communication, team building and adaptation to maximize performance. Soft skills include personal competence and social competence. Madrasah teachers should be able to change the mindset of a passenger became good driver. Professional madrasah teachers are teachers who have the balanced hard skills and soft skills, which can compete healthily in AEC era.

  13. Doses under automatic exposure control (AEC) for direct digital radiographic (DDR) X-ray systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowden, Louise; Faulkner, Ronan; Clancy, Conor; Gallagher, Aoife; Devine, Mark; Gorman, Dermot; O'Reilly, Geraldine; Dowling, Anita

    2011-09-01

    Current guidelines quote tolerances for automatic exposure control (AEC) device performance for X-ray systems as 'Baseline ± X %'. However, in the situation where a baseline figure has not yet been achieved, as in the case of commissioning assessments, this tolerance is not relevant. The purpose of this work is to provide mean doses for direct digital radiography (DDR) X-ray system, operating in AEC, against which comparisons can be made. Dose measurements have been recorded under AEC operation on 29 DDR detectors from three different manufacturers. Two different testing protocols were examined: (1) water equivalent phantoms in front of the DDR detector and (2) aluminium block at the tube head. The average patient exit dose, using the aluminium block was 4.6 μGy with the antiscatter grid in place and 4.0 μGy with the grid removed. Using the water phantoms, the average dose was measured at 17.1 μGy with the antiscatter grid in place and 5.4 μGy with grid removed. Based on these results, it is clear that different testing configurations significantly impact on the measured dose.

  14. 4D BIM Application in AEC Industry: Impact on Integrated Project Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usman Aminu Umar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available As project delivery approaches that are supported by Building Information Modelling (BIM are continuously acknowledged throughout the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC industry, an innovative modelling approach called 4D BIM is starting to develop, which associates elements of 3D BIM with time and scheduling information. Traditional construction planning applications like bar charts and network diagrams fail to present and communicate the spatial and temporal or 4D components of construction schedules efficiently. As a result, they do not permit project managers to produce scheduling alternatives quickly to obtain the finest solution to develop a particular design. With 4D modelling, the whole period of a sequence of activities that is executed by those involved in the project can be presented visually. With the rising interest in BIM and the wider use of this and other technological innovations in the AEC industry, 4D BIM tools, which has been broadly employed, is becoming increasingly recognized among fundamental technological fields under BIM. This study aims to highlight and review numerous impacts of 4D applications on Integrated Project Delivery (IPD on the AEC industry and suggest the ideal strategy to optimize the tools for rapid project delivery.

  15. Soviet Operational Intelligence in the Kursk Operation (July 1943)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    inaccurate information -6- from abroad, produced yet another operational disaster in the Donbas and around Khar’kov.3 This experience left a legacy of...operations, - 33 - which had been interrupted by German counterattacks in February and March 1943 in the Donbas region. The Soviet solution to this

  16. VERITAS Observations of HESS J1943+213

    CERN Document Server

    ,

    2015-01-01

    HESS J1943+213 is a very-high-energy (VHE; >100 GeV) gamma-ray point source detected during the H.E.S.S. Galactic Plane Survey. Radio, infrared, X-ray, and GeV gamma-ray counterparts have been identified for HESS J1943+213; however, the classification of the source is still uncertain. Recent publications have argued primarily in favor of an extreme BL Lac object behind the Galactic plane, though the scenario that HESS J1943+213 is a young pulsar wind nebula is viable as well. We present deep VERITAS observations of HESS J1943+213, which provide the most significant VHE detection of the source so far, with ~18 sigma excess. The source is detected at ~2% Crab Nebula flux above 200 GeV with VERITAS, with the source spectrum well fit by a power-law function and showing agreement with the H.E.S.S. detection. We also include results from analysis of Swift XRT observations contemporaneous with VERITAS. No significant flux or spectral variability is detected with VERITAS or Swift XRT observations. We place the VERITA...

  17. Commander in chief : FDR's battle with Churchill, 1943

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamilton, Charles Nigel

    2016-01-01

    Commander in Chief is een deelbiografie van president Franklin Delano Roosevelt waarin Roosevelts rol als opperbevelhebber van de gewapende strijdkrachten van de Verenigde Staten in de Tweede Wereldoorlog het hoofdthema is. Het boek concentreert zich op het jaar 1943: een jaar waaraan biografen van

  18. VERITAS and VLBA Observations of HESS J1943+213

    CERN Document Server

    Shahinyan, Karlen

    2016-01-01

    HESS J1943+213 is a very high energy (VHE; 100 GeV) {\\gamma}-ray source in the direction of the Galactic plane. 38 hours of deep VERITAS observations taken over two seasons detect the source with ~20 {\\sigma} significance. Monitoring observations of HESS J1943+213 show a remarkably stable flux and spectrum in VHE {\\gamma}-rays. Studies exploring the classification of HESS J1943+213 are converging towards accepting the source as an extreme synchrotron BL Lac object. Specifically, overall SED characteristics of the source, the detection of a potential host galaxy in near-IR imaging, and VLBI observations of the HESS J1943+213 radio counterpart showing extended jet-like emission at milliarcsecond scale and core flux density variability establish the source as a blazar. Recent Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) observations of the source (shown here for the first time) confirm the extended structure found in the 1.6 GHz band and detect the jet-like component in the 4.6 GHz and the 7.3 GHz bands. The spectral indices...

  19. Detección de anticuerpos contra artritis encefalitis caprina (AEC) mediante inmunoelectrotransferencia

    OpenAIRE

    Emiliano Tesoro Cruz; Rafael Hernández González; Alejandro Martínez Rodríguez; Hugo Ramírez Álvarez; María Elena Trujillo Ortega; Roberto Kretschmer Schmid; Álvaro Aguilar Setién

    2003-01-01

    En México la artritis encefalitis caprina (AEC) está presente, pero se ignora la frecuencia y prevalencia. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar la técnica de inmunoelectrotransferencia o western blot (WB) para la detección de anticuerpos anti-VAEC en sueros caprinos. Se evaluaron 50 sueros de cabras nativas seleccionadas al azar (25 de Amazcala, Querétaro, y 25 de Cuautitlán, Estado de México) por ensayo inmunoenzimático (ELISA) y WB. El criterio de positividad para WB fue el propuest...

  20. 45 CFR 90.3 - What programs or activities does the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 cover?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Discrimination Act of 1975 cover? 90.3 Section 90.3 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE General § 90.3 What programs or activities does the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 cover? (a) The Age Discrimination Act of 1975 applies to any program or activity receiving...

  1. Knowledge Management Practice in Two Australian Architecture-Engineering-Construction (AEC Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Zou

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management (KM could be described as a management system that supports the creation, sharing and retrieving of valued information, expertise and insight within and across communities of people and related organizations using information and communication technologies and hence it is a combination of the effective application of information technlogy and management of human resources. KM is becoming a core competitive factor in construction operations. This paper presents the results of two case studies of KM practices in large AEC (architecture, engineering and construction companies through desk-top study and semi-structured interviews. The results indicate that implementing KM in AEC companies leads to competitive advantages and improved decision-making, problem solving and business performance. The results also indicateed that while technology plays an important role, top management commitment, total employee involvement, performance assessment and the culture of knowledge-learning and sharing must be considered when implementing KM. Therefore it is suggested that the implementation of KM should incorporate the company's vision, work processes, technology and culture, to improve the ability of knowledge creating, capturing, sharing, retrieving and ultimately, to improve the company's competitive advantage, decision making, problem solving and innovation.

  2. Doses measured using AEC on direct digital radiographic (DDR) X-rays systems: updated results with an RP 162 perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowden, L; Faulkner, R; Gallagher, A; O'Connor, U; Walsh, C; Dowling, A; O'Reilly, G

    2013-02-01

    As digital technology in diagnostic radiology systems becomes more prevalent, there is a need to provide comparative dose information for these new systems. This is needed in particular for testing the automatic exposure control (AEC) devices on direct digital radiography (DDR) systems as there is no consensus on the receptor dose level in the current guidelines. The new European Commission RP 162 document sets the suspension level for the 'verification of kerma at receptor entrance in computed radiography and DDR systems under AEC' as ≥10 µGy. This document also notes that alternate methodologies are acceptable, and may require adjustment in the suspension level if used. This study provides a range of typical doses under AEC for DDR systems, for a variety measurement methodologies, including that described in RP 162.

  3. 29 CFR 1975.3 - Extent of coverage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) COVERAGE OF EMPLOYERS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 § 1975.3 Extent of coverage. (a) Section 2(b) of the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act (Public Law... exercise of its powers to regulate commerce among the several States and with foreign nations and...

  4. The Role of English Debating Tournament in the Face of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Husnawadi Husnawadi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Since its establishment in the late 2015, the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC with English as the official language has forced its participating countries to improve the quality of English language teaching, in the hope to prepare their people to be globally competitive. The lack of English proficiency, however, remains the main challenge across the country members.  English forensic or debating tournament has been proven to bring about globally competitive individuals in terms of being highly competent in English together with having higher order thinking skills. Grounded in Indonesian context, this paper presents (1 typology of English debating tournaments in Indonesia, (2 how English debating improves the language competence and critical thinking skills by drawing on some of respective research, (3 An example of its practice in an EFL classroom in Indonesia and its principles, (4 and its implications on the teaching of English in Indonesian.

  5. Evaluation of means used to access the impacts of energy production on human health. LASL third life sciences symposium, Los Alamos, New Mexico, October 15--17, 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, E.C.; Sullivan, E.M. (eds.)

    1976-01-01

    The symposium explored the various techniques and methods available to study the potential effects that various energy-producing industries may have on human health. Three papers presented at Session I dealt with national energy needs, resources, and future developments; responsibilities and capabilities in ERDA as related to the health and environmental impacts of energy productions; and health hazards associated with alternate energy sources. Four papers presented at Session II reviewed standards setting for the worker and for the public; the radiation experience; and developing health policies and standards as the responsibility of the scientist. Eight papers in Sessions III and IV, Sources of Information, dealt with developing a health standard from epidemiological and clinical data and from laboratory animal data; carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, teratogenesis, and behavior changes as end points in health impact assessments; new methods and approaches to health impact assessment; problems in sampling for health impact; and the application of scientific data to worker/workplace health decision making. Two papers at Session V covered bases for the application of scientific data to health standards and health and environmental standards from a legal viewpoint. A final discussion, Room for Controversy, was conducted by four panelists. (MCW)

  6. Growth, nutritional, and gastrointestinal aspects of ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defect-cleft lip and/or palate (AEC) syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defect-cleft lip and/or palate (AEC), is a rare genetic disorder due to mutations in the TP63 gene. In the present study, we characterized the pattern of growth and body composition, and the nutritional and gastrointestinal aspects of children and adults (n = 18) affected ...

  7. Utilizing a simple CT dosimetry phantom for the comprehension of the operational characteristics of CT AEC systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsalafoutas, Ioannis A. [Medical Physics Department, Anticancer-Oncology Hospital of Athens “Agios Savvas,” 171 Alexandras Avenue, 115 22 Athens (Greece); Varsamidis, Athanasios; Thalassinou, Stella; Efstathopoulos, Efstathios P. [Second Department of Radiology, Medical School, University of Athens, University General Hospital, “Attikon,” Rimini 1, 124 62 Athens (Greece)

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: To investigate the utility of the nested polymethylacrylate (PMMA) phantom (which is available in many CT facilities for CTDI measurements), as a tool for the presentation and comparison of the ways that two different CT automatic exposure control (AEC) systems respond to a phantom when various scan parameters and AEC protocols are modified.Methods: By offsetting the two phantom's components (the head phantom and the body ring) half-way along their longitudinal axis, a phantom with three sections of different x-ray attenuation was created. Scan projection radiographs (SPRs) and helical scans of the three-section phantom were performed on a Toshiba Aquilion 64 and a Philips Brilliance 64 CT scanners, with different scan parameter selections [scan direction, pitch factor, slice thickness, and reconstruction interval (ST/RI), AEC protocol, and tube potential used for the SPRs]. The dose length product (DLP) values of each scan were recorded and the tube current (mA) values of the reconstructed CT images were plotted against the respective Z-axis positions on the phantom. Furthermore, measurements of the noise levels at the center of each phantom section were performed to assess the impact of mA modulation on image quality.Results: The mA modulation patterns of the two CT scanners were very dissimilar. The mA variations were more pronounced for Aquilion 64, where changes in any of the aforementioned scan parameters affected both the mA modulations curves and DLP values. However, the noise levels were affected only by changes in pitch, ST/RI, and AEC protocol selections. For Brilliance 64, changes in pitch affected the mA modulation curves but not the DLP values, whereas only AEC protocol and SPR tube potential selection variations affected both the mA modulation curves and DLP values. The noise levels increased for smaller ST/RI, larger weight category AEC protocol, and larger SPR tube potential selection.Conclusions: The nested PMMA dosimetry phantom can

  8. Botanical inventory of the Rocky Flats AEC site: mapping methods and preliminary maps. Technical progress report, July 31, 1975--April 28, 1976

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Webber, P.J.; Clark, S.V.

    1976-01-01

    This Technical Progress Report represents a small but important part of the overall progress and research effort of this contract. It outlines the methods used to produce one 1:12,000 colored vegetation map of the Rocky Flats site and its surrounding area and six black and white 1:500 vegetation maps of intensively studied experimental plots. These maps are already being used by various researchers and it is appropriate that the mapping methods be detailed prior to the final contract report so that their use may be optimised. (auth)

  9. Indonesia health care system and Asean economic community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Gunawan

    2015-07-01

    However, AEC, by looking at this challenges, is expected to improve health care system and service in Indonesia, and close the gap by collaborating among ten ASEAN member countries through 4 modes of AEC consisting of cross border supply, consumption abroad, commercial presence, and movement of natural persons. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(7.000: 1571-1577

  10. 29 CFR 1975.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) COVERAGE OF EMPLOYERS UNDER THE WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 § 1975.1 Purpose and scope. (a) Among other things, the Williams-Steiger Act poses certain duties on employers... to the extent they are subject to another Federal agency's exercise of different statutory...

  11. Inferno: June 1943 to May 1945. Book 5. Holocaust Series, First Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayer, Eleanor H.

    There are eight volumes in this series on the Holocaust. Volumes 1-6 recount the history of the Jewish people in various year groupings: (1) "Ancient 1935"; (2) "September 1935 to December 1938"; (3) "January 1939 to December 1941"; (4) "January 1942 to June 1943"; (5) "July 1943 to April 1945";…

  12. Inferno: June 1943 to May 1945. Book 5. Holocaust Series, First Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayer, Eleanor H.

    There are eight volumes in this series on the Holocaust. Volumes 1-6 recount the history of the Jewish people in various year groupings: (1) "Ancient 1935"; (2) "September 1935 to December 1938"; (3) "January 1939 to December 1941"; (4) "January 1942 to June 1943"; (5) "July 1943 to April 1945"; (6) "May 1945 and After." Volumes 7 and 8 provide…

  13. Utilizing Statistical Semantic Similarity Techniques for Ontology Mapping——with Applications to AEC Standard Models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pan Jiayi; Chin-Pang Jack Cheng; Gloria T. Lau; Kincho H. Law

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to introduce three semi-automated approaches for ontology mapping using relatedness analysis techniques. In the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industry, there exist a number of ontological standards to describe the semantics of building models. Although the standards share similar scopes of interest, the task of comparing and mapping concepts among standards is challenging due to their differences in terminologies and perspectives. Ontology mapping is therefore necessary to achieve information interoperability, which allows two or more information sources to exchange data and to re-use the data for further purposes. The attribute-based approach, corpus-based approach, and name-based approach presented in this paper adopt the statistical relatedness analysis techniques to discover related concepts from heterogeneous ontologies. A pilot study is conducted on IFC and CIS/2 ontologies to evaluate the approaches. Preliminary results show that the attribute-based approach outperforms the other two approaches in terms of precision and F-measure.

  14. Inorganic Salts Effect on Adsorption Behavior of Surfactant AEC at Liquid/Liquid Interface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Changhua Yang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Behaviors of nonionic-anionic surfactant sodium fatty Alcohol polyoxyethylene Ether Carboxylate (AEC at dodecane/water interface influenced by inorganic salts NaCl, CaCl2 and MgCl2 were investigated by interfacial tension methods and molecular dynamics simulation. Contrasted distributions of various salts at interface and in aqueous solutions and resulting lowering the interfacial tension have been observed. Composition of surfactants-salts complex at interface surrounding different cations within 2.5 Å were found to be in two categories: (i the octahedral complexation of divalent cation was generated by the participation of surfactant head group and water molecule, (ii only water molecules were involved in the complexation. According to the simulation results, all the Na+ involved in type ii, without any direct interaction with surfactant head group, while Ca2+ and Mg2+ involved in type I, following the formula: Ca2++4 (surfactant +2(H2 O⇄ [Ca (surfactant4 [(H2 O]2]2+ M2+g+(surfactant+5 (H2 O⇄[Mg (surfactant [(H2 O]5 ]2+ This strongly chelate interaction between Ca2+ and surfactants makes surfactants more stretched at interface, thus more effective in oil/water interface.

  15. Second Annual AEC Scientific Computer Information Exhange Meeting. Proceedings of the technical program theme: computer graphics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peskin,A.M.; Shimamoto, Y.

    1974-01-01

    The topic of computer graphics serves well to illustrate that AEC affiliated scientific computing installations are well represented in the forefront of computing science activities. The participant response to the technical program was overwhelming--both in number of contributions and quality of the work described. Session I, entitled Advanced Systems, contains presentations describing systems that contain features not generally found in graphics facilities. These features can be roughly classified as extensions of standard two-dimensional monochromatic imaging to higher dimensions including color and time as well as multidimensional metrics. Session II presents seven diverse applications ranging from high energy physics to medicine. Session III describes a number of important developments in establishing facilities, techniques and enhancements in the computer graphics area. Although an attempt was made to schedule as many of these worthwhile presentations as possible, it appeared impossible to do so given the scheduling constraints of the meeting. A number of prospective presenters 'came to the rescue' by graciously withdrawing from the sessions. Some of their abstracts have been included in the Proceedings.

  16. Health-care district management information system plan: Review of operations analysis activities during calendar year 1975 and plan for continued research and analysis activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielson, G. J.; Stevenson, W. G.

    1976-01-01

    Operations research activities developed to identify the information required to manage both the efficiency and effectiveness of the Veterans Administration (VA) health services as these services relate to individual patient care are reported. The clinical concerns and management functions that determine this information requirement are discussed conceptually. Investigations of existing VA data for useful management information are recorded, and a diagnostic index is provided. The age-specific characteristics of diseases and lengths of stay are explored, and recommendations for future analysis activities are articulated. The effect of the introduction of new technology to health care is also discussed.

  17. Composition: Peter Kocsis' sangeksamen 1975

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergstrøm-Nielsen, Carl

    2012-01-01

    Peter Kocsis' sangeksamen i 1975 ved musikstudiet på Københavns Universitet var en eksamensmæssig og studenterpolitisk begivenhed. Som protest mod en tidligere dumpning bestilte han nye kompositioner af undertegnede, som var medstuderende, til en senere eksamen. Disse havde i deres kontekst en pr...

  18. 1975 Textbooks for French Civilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Jack Davis

    Four 1975 textbooks for French civilization courses are cited including price, suggested level, format and a listing of contents. A review of one text follows: Rey and Santoni, "Quand les Francais parlent: Langue en contexte, culture en contraste," Newbury House Publishers. The reviewer states that this book is basically a sociological study of…

  19. The unclosed circle: Los Alamos and the human and environmental legacy of the atom, 1943--1963

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Scott Daniel

    2000-12-01

    This dissertation examines the application of nuclear technology at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory and the legacy this technology wrought on humans and the environment during the period from 1943 to 1963. Through a focus directed primarily on the Health Division, the study considers various dimensions of the Los Alamos Laboratory including radioactive waste management, human subject experimentation, and nuclear weapons testing. Since its inception in 1943, Los Alamos has held a central role in the research and development of nuclear weapons for the United States. In relation to this central mission, the Laboratory produced various types of radioactive wastes, conducted human subject experiments, and participated in hundreds of nuclear weapons tests. All of these functions resulted in a myriad legacy of human and environmental effects whose consequences have not yet been fully assessed. This investigation, using primary, secondary, and recently declassified documents, discusses the development of nuclear physics and radiological health practices in the half-century prior to World War Two and the American reactions in the realms of science and politics to the news concerning nuclear fission. It then moves to a discussion of the emergence of Los Alamos and analyzes how personnel addressed the attendant hazards of nuclear technology and some of the implications of these past practices. Furthermore, the dissertation discusses human subject experimentation conducted at Los Alamos. The final part of the study investigates the multiple roles played by Los Alamos personnel in the testing of nuclear weapons, the attempts to understand and minimize the hazards of such testing, and the Ra-La sub-critical detonations conducted within the geographical boundaries at the Laboratory between 1943-1963. By focusing on a long-neglected part of the American West. Cold War Los Alamos, this dissertation will contribute to the study of the effects that both World War Two and the Cold

  20. The Promotion of Bottle Feeding by Multinational Corporations: How Advertising and the Health Professions Have Contributed. Cornell International Nutritioon Monograph Series, Number 2 (1975).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greiner, Ted; Latham, Michael C., Ed.

    This report investigates the ways bottle feeding of infants is promoted by multinational corporations. Data were obtained from the following: (1) a survey of available infant food advertising in newspapers and magazines from developing countries; (2) a study of some interrelationships between the health professions and infant food companies,…

  1. Biomedical Science, Unit I: Respiration in Health and Medicine. Respiratory Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology; The Behavior of Gases; Introductory Chemistry; and Air Pollution. Student Text. Revised Version, 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biomedical Interdisciplinary Curriculum Project, Berkeley, CA.

    This student text deals with the human respiratory system and its relation to the environment. Topics include the process of respiration, the relationship of air to diseases of the respiratory system, the chemical and physical properties of gases, the impact on air quality of human activities and the effect of this air pollution on health.…

  2. 32 CFR 197.5 - Responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Responsibilities. 197.5 Section 197.5 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS HISTORICAL RESEARCH IN THE FILES OF THE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (OSD) § 197.5 Responsibilities....

  3. SU-E-I-34: Evaluating Use of AEC to Lower Dose for Lung Cancer Screening CT Protocols

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arbique, G; Anderson, J [UT Southwestern Medical Ctr at Dallas, Dallas, TX (United States); Guild, J; Duan, X [UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); Malguria, N; Omar, H; Brewington, C [Ut Southwestern, Dallas, TX (United States); Zhang, D [Toshiba America Medical Systems, Tustin, CA (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: The National Lung Screening Trial mandated manual low dose CT technique factors, where up to a doubling of radiation output could be used over a regular to large patient size range. Recent guidance from the AAPM and ACR for lung cancer CT screening recommends radiation output adjustment for patient size either through AEC or a manual technique chart. This study evaluated the use of AEC for output control and dose reduction. Methods: The study was performed on a multidetector helical CT scanner (Aquillion ONE, Toshiba Medical) equipped with iterative reconstruction (ADIR-3D), AEC was adjusted with a standard deviation (SD) image quality noise index. The protocol SD parameter was incrementally increased to reduce patient population dose while image quality was evaluated by radiologist readers scoring the clinical utility of images on a Likert scale. Results: Plots of effective dose vs. body size (water cylinder diameter reported by the scanner) demonstrate monotonic increase in patient dose with increasing patient size. At the initial SD setting of 19 the average CTDIvol for a standard size patient was ∼ 2.0 mGy (1.2 mSv effective dose). This was reduced to ∼1.0 mGy (0.5 mSv) at an SD of 25 with no noticeable reduction in clinical utility of images as demonstrated by Likert scoring. Plots of effective patient diameter and BMI vs body size indicate that these metrics could also be used for manual technique charts. Conclusion: AEC offered consistent and reliable control of radiation output in this study. Dose for a standard size patient was reduced to one-third of the 3 mGy CTDIvol limit required for ACR accreditation of lung cancer CT screening. Gary Arbique: Research Grant, Toshiba America Medical Systems; Cecelia Brewington: Research Grant, Toshiba America Medical Systems; Di Zhang: Employee, Toshiba America Medical Systems.

  4. LAW REFORM OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTREPRISES (SMEs AND EQUITABLE COOPERATIVE FOR COMPETITIVENESS IMPROVEMENT IN AEC ERA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koesrianti Koesrianti

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Small Medium Entreprises (SMEs and Cooperative have not received a proper law protection in facing trade liberation of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC and economic globalized world. In 2015 AEC has been established that would bring a huge change in Southeast Asia regionS and definitely will have a wide impact to business people in Indonesia. SMEs and Cooperative contribute to more than 90 percent of total Indonesian national economy. However, they are weak on investment and information technology and management skill as well as competition law among ASEAN Member States. Economic policies do not give a sufficient protection to SMEs and Cooperative. This article tries to seek solutions for SMEs problems especially their legal structure in order to enhance their competitiveness. This article argues that the government can provide legal protection by reforming SMEs economic sectors similar to the AEC’s priority sectors by which the Indonesian’ SMEs would become world class corporate.  Keywords: Cooperative, AEC, legal reform, SMEs

  5. ANALISIS SEBARAN RADIONUKLIDA PADA KONDISI NORMAL UNTUK REAKTOR AEC 1000 MW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Kuntjoro

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan analisis sebaran radionuklida pada reaktor daya Atomic Energy Agency (AEC 3568 MWTh, setara dengan 1000 Mwe untuk kondisi operasi normal. Analisis dilakukan untuk dua reaktor yang terpisah sejauh 500 m dan sudut 90o satu dengan yang lain. Langkah awal dalam melakukan analisis adalah menentukan suku sumber reaktor menggunakan program komputer ORIGEN2 dan EMERALD NORMAL. ORIGEN2 digunakan untuk menentukan inventori radionuklida yang terdapat di reaktor. Selanjutnya dengan dengan menggunakan program EMERALD NORMAL dihitung suku sumber yang sampai ke cerobong reaktor. Untuk menganalisis dosis yang diterima penduduk dilakukan dengan menggunakan program PC-CREAM. Perhitungan dilakukan untuk satu dan dua PLTN di calon tapak PLTN. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah sebaran radionuklida terbesar untuk satu PLTN pada jarak 1 km dan kearah zona 9 (191,25o dan untuk dua PLTN pada jarak 1 km dan kearah zona 10 (213,75o. Radionuklida yang sampai ke penduduk melalui dua alur yaitu alur makanan dan hirupan. Untuk alur makanan berasal dari radionuklida I-131, dan terbesar melalui alur produk susu sebesar 53,40 % untuk satu maupun dua PLTN . Untuk alur hirupan ranionuklida pemberi kontribusi paparan terbesar berasal dari Kr-85m sebesar 53,80 %. Dosis total terbesar yang diterima penduduk terdapat pada jarak 1 Km untuk bayi yaitu sebesar 4,10 μSi dan 11,26 μSi untuk satu dan dua PLTN. Hasil ini sangat kecil dibandingkan dengan batas dosis yang diijinkan oleh badan pengawas (BAPETEN untuk penduduk yaitu sebesar 1 mSi. Kata Kunci : Reaktor daya, komputer code, radionuklida, alur makanan, hirupan   Analysis for radionuclide dispersion for the Atomic Energy Agency (AEC 3568 MWth Power Reactor, equal to the 1000 MWe at normal condition has been done. Analysis was done for two piles that is separated by 500 m distance and angle of 90o one to other. Initial pace in doing the analysis is to determine reactors source term using ORIGEN2 and EMERALD NORMAL

  6. History of the Hanford Site: 1943-1990

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D.W. Harvey

    2000-09-01

    This booklet was developed to highlight the national and international historical events that occurred in association with the development of the Hanford Site. The purpose of the booklet is to increase the awareness Hanford Site employees have of the historical significance of the Site's contributions and missions during the Manhattan Project (1943-1946) and Cold War era (1946-1990). By increasing knowledge and understanding of the Site's unique heritage, it is hoped this publication will help generate an appreciation of the Site's historic buildings and structures, and, thus, instill a sense of ''ownership'' in these buildings. One cannot appreciate the historic significance of a place or building without first knowing its story.

  7. Malheur National Wildlife Refuge: Narrative Report: 1943: 2: May-August

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Malheur National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August 1943. The report begins by summarizing the...

  8. North Dakota Easements District #4 : Narrative Reports : September to December 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during September to December 1943. for Lake Ilo, Legion Lake, Stewart Lake, White Lake, Lake Susie, Clearwater, Lake...

  9. Narrative report: Brigantine National Wildlife Refuge: September, October, November, December, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Brigantine NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  10. Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1 to August 31, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Bowdoin NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions, water...

  11. Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge : Refuge narrative report : September - December 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Back Bay NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  12. Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge : Refuge narrative report : May - August 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Back Bay NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions,...

  13. Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : Period September 1 to December 31, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Bowdoin NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  14. Annual report : May 1, 1942 to April 30, 1943 : Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report describes activities on Sand Lake NWR from May of 1942 through April of 1943. Wildlife, water levels, Refuge development, public hunting, economic uses,...

  15. Lower Souris National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative Report : May to August, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Lower Souris National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May to Augustl 1943. The report begins by summarizing the...

  16. Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge : Narrative report : For period September, October, November, and December, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing...

  17. Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge : Narrative report : For period May, June, July, and August, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the...

  18. Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge Narrative report for period ending April 30, 1943.

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments for the period ending April of 1943. The report begins by summarizing...

  19. Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge : Tri Annual Narrative Report : September to December 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from September to December 1943. The report begins by summarizing the...

  20. Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge : Tri Annual Narrative Report : May to August 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May to August 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  1. Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : May 1 - August 31, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Pea Island NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions and...

  2. Narrative report : Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge : September, October, November and December 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Bombay Hook NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  3. Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge : Refuge narrative report : January - April 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Back Bay NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions,...

  4. Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge: Narrative report: September, October, November, December, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Trempealeau NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  5. Parker River National Wildlife Refuge Narrative report: September, October, November, and December, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Parker River National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by...

  6. Refuge Narrative Report. Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge: January – August 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge summarizes refuge activities from January through August 1943. The report begins with a summary...

  7. Tri Annual Narrative Reports : Pishkun, Willow Creek, Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge : September to December 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Willow Creek, Pishkun, Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from September to December 1943. The report...

  8. Sabine National Wildlife Refuge: May 1 - August 31, 1943: [Narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sabine NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions during...

  9. [Sabine National Wildlife Refuge: Sept. 1 - Dec. 31, 1943: Narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sabine NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions...

  10. Sabine National Wildlife Refuge: Jan. 1 - April 30, 1943: [Narrative report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Sabine NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions...

  11. Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge: Narrative report: January, February, March, April, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Rice Lake NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions...

  12. Parker River National Wildlife Refuge Narrative report: January, February, March and April, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Parker River National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1943. The report begins by summarizing...

  13. Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : Period January 1 to April 30, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Pea Island NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions...

  14. Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative report : Period September 1 - December 31, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Pea Island NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  15. Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge : Tri Annual Narrative Report : January to April 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from January to April 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  16. Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative Report for January - April 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the...

  17. North Dakota Easement District #2 : Narrative Reports : May to August 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during May to August 1943 for Lake Ardoch, Kellys Slough, Little Goose, Pioneer Lake, Wood Lake, Silver Lake, Lac Aux Mortes...

  18. North Dakota Easement District #2 : Narrative Reports : September to December 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during September to December 1943 for Lake Ardoch, Kellys Slough, Little Goose, Pioneer Lake, Wood Lake, Silver Lake, Lac Aux...

  19. North Dakota Easement District #2 : Narrative Reports : January to April 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report cover activities during January to April 1943 for Lake Ardoch, Kellys Slough, Little Goose, Pioneer Lake, Wood Lake, Silver Lake, Lac Aux...

  20. Horicon National Wildlife Refuge Narrative report: January, February, March & April, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Horicon National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the...

  1. Lower Souris National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative Report : January to April, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Lower Souris National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from January to April 1943. The report begins by summarizing the...

  2. Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge: Narrative report: September, October, November and December, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Medicine Lake NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  3. Horicon National Wildlife Refuge Narrative report: May, June, July, & August - 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Horicon National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the...

  4. National Bison Range: Refuge narrative report: September 1 to December 31, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for National Bison Range outlines Refuge accomplishments from September through December of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  5. Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge: Narrative report: May, June, July, and August, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Medicine Lake NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from May through August of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather conditions...

  6. Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge: Narrative report: January, February, March, & April, 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Medicine Lake NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments from January through April of 1943. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  7. HARMONISASI UNDANG-UNDANG DASAR 1945 DENGAN KETENTUAN INTERNASIONAL TENTANG MASYARAKAT EKONOMI ASEAN 2015 (Asean Economic Community/AEC 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desy Churul Aini

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available One form of regional cooperation is followed by Indonesia with his participation as a member of ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations which was established on the basis of the Bangkok Declaration, on 8 August 1967. By the 21st century, ASEAN agreed to develop an integrated regional by forming a community of nations in Southeast Asia open, peaceful, stable and prosperous, mutual care, tied together in a dynamic partnership in 2020. Expectations are outlined in the ASEAN vision 2020 in Kuala Lumpur in 1997. To realize these expectations ratify ASEAN Bali Concord II at the 9th ASEAN Summit in Bali in 2003 which approved the establishment of an ASEAN Community (ASEAN Community and the target is accelerated into 2015. The result shows there is disharmony between 1945 to the international provisions of the AEC 2015 in which the rules on economic issues and social welfare in 1945 are listed in Chapter XIV National Economy and social welfare, Article 33 (1, (2, (3 and (4, while based on the AEC 2015 blueprint contains four pillar framework or MEA. Disharmony both conditions contained in 4 (four things into focus, namely the harmonization of aspects of the legal principle, an agreement on the authority, goal setting and alignment settings on the environment and surrounding communities.Keywords: Disharmony, the Constitution 1945, Asean Economic Community

  8. Case report: unusual dental morphology in a child with ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defects-cleft lip/palate (AEC) syndrome.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Fitzgerald, K

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: Anomalies of dental anatomy are common in the ectodermal dysplasia syndromes. These anomalies, when found in combination with dental caries, can pose a restorative challenge for the paediatric dentist. Modification of traditional techniques and approaches may help the practitioner provide a successful treatment outcome. CASE REPORT: A 3 years and 11 months old girl with a diagnosis of ankyloblepharon-ectodermal dysplasiacleft lip\\/palate (AEC) syndrome was referred for treatment to a specialist paediatric dental service. Her abnormal dental anatomy, hypodontia and dental caries formed a triad of challenges for the team. Under general anaesthesia, her dentition was restored using a combination of restorative approaches and techniques, including the placement of both composite resin and preformed metal crown restorations. FOLLOW-UP: At 18-month followup, the family had successfully implemented good home care and dietary practices, and the local dental service had instituted a preventive programme consisting of regular examination, advice and fluoride varnish placement. The restorations remained intact and no further caries was detected. At 24-month follow-up, the first permanent molars were partially erupted, and displayed unusually deep fissures. There was also a degree of ectopic eruption of the first permanent molars, and possibly of one of the maxillary permanent incisors. CONCLUSION: Dental care for children with AEC syndrome is optimised by early intervention, good home care and regular professional review. Dental care providers should be aware of the possibility of complex dental anatomy, and bear this in mind should it become necessary to formulate a restorative treatment plan.

  9. Narrative report: Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge: 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Muscatatuck NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  10. Excavations at Cricklade, Wiltshire, 1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Haslam

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available The town of Cricklade in Wiltshire, England is one of the most regular examples of the class of Saxon urban fortresses, created as part of a fort-system in the late 9th century, which are included in the Burghal Hidage List. Its defences are relatively well preserved, and show particularly good evidence of rectilinear planning. It has been the subject of detailed archaeological and historical research over the past 55 years, and its defences at least can lay claim to being the most systematically explored late Saxon fortress in England. Prior to housing development, two excavations were carried out at Cricklade in 1975: Site A, an area within the north-west quarter of the town, which provided evidence of occupation throughout the Roman period; and Site B, on the south-west corner of the late Saxon defences, in which several trenches as well as larger areas across the line of the defences were excavated. A sequence of several successive phases of construction, refurbishment, destruction and rebuilding of the defences from the late 9th century into the medieval period was found. The interpretation of this sequence of phases differs from that put forward based on earlier excavations on the defences since 1948 (excavations which are also reassessed here. Accompanied by interactive plans and sections, this article presents the results of the excavations, followed by an examination of the archaeological and historical development of the defensive sequence and early development of the town.

  11. 简述1943年国统区各体文学的创作倾向%Creative tendencies of literature 1943 in Kuomintang-controlled areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁苑

    2013-01-01

      1943年国统区的诗歌、小说和戏剧三类文体呈现出新的创作风格与倾向:诗歌方面新诗从纯诗化开始向散文化发展;小说方面出现了新作家新倾向;戏剧方面,“剧场戏剧”再次回归主流。%Abtract:In this paper , we firstly select three type literary forms like portry ,novel and drama and make corresponding summary analy-sis, and then we investigate typical literary output in three culture central cities as Chongqing ,Kunming and Guilin .Through all these work the creative style and tendency of literature write in nation -govening areas in 1943 is presented completely .

  12. [Carl Arthur Scheunert's experiments on human nutrition, 1938-1943: boundary transgressions of a scientist under national socialism].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joost, Hans-Georg

    2012-01-01

    Carl Arthur Scheunert (1879-1957) was a German scientist who supervised several studies with prisoners that were designed to assess the optimal vitamin and nutrient supply, and were conducted by his associate Karl-Heinz Wagner (1911-2007) from 1938 to 1943. This contribution describes the aims, results and conclusions of Scheunert's research 1923 to 1945 in comparison with the national and international vitamin research and its consequences for public health measures. Conditions and results of the human experiments are reconstructed and compared with similar studies performed in other countries. Burden as well as health risks for the study participants are assessed. In addition, it is discussed whether general rules for human experimentation were followed (e.g. informed consent and minimizing of health risks). Although the available documents support the conclusion that no deaths or lasting injuries were caused, the experiments violated ethical standards, in particular because of the conditions in the Waldheim prison including progressive deterioration of nutrition and health.

  13. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MEUG-01-1943 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MEUG-01-1943 ref|ZP_05009899.1| methyltransferase [Streptomyces pristinaespiral...is ATCC 25486] gb|EDY62463.1| methyltransferase [Streptomyces pristinaespiralis ATCC 25486] ZP_05009899.1 3.7 44% ...

  14. Friends to the End: "The New York Times" and the Soviet Union, 1943-1945.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewey, Donald O.

    From 1939 to 1943 the United States went from a period of total opposition to the Soviets to a gradual acceptance of its new ally. The "New York Times" editorial page shared in this trend: moving cautiously from complete rejection of the Soviets to acceptance of the Russian people, next the Red Army, and finally the Soviet government. The "Times"…

  15. Demographic factors and cancer mortality. A mathematical model for cancer mortality in Denmark 1943-78

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juel, K

    1983-01-01

    Deaths from cancer in Denmark from 1943-1978 were extracted from the Danish National Death Register at the Danish Institute for Clinical Epidemiology. This paper illustrates the relationship between demographic factors and mortality from a large group of cancers, which increases progressively from...

  16. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MEUG-01-1943 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MEUG-01-1943 ref|YP_002018491.1| protein of unknown function DUF214 [Pelodictyon phaeocl...athratiforme BU-1] gb|ACF43874.1| protein of unknown function DUF214 [Pelodictyon phaeoclathratiforme BU-1] YP_002018491.1 8.3 35% ...

  17. An Updated Catalog of 521 Social Surveys of Residents' Reactions to Environmental Noise (1943-2000)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, James M.; Shepherd, Kevin P. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    This report describes all social surveys of residents' reactions to environmental noise in residential areas that have been located in English language publications from 1943 to December of 2000. A total of 521 surveys are described. The surveys are indexed by country, noise source, and date of survey. The publications and reports from each survey are listed in a bibliography.

  18. History of MET Lab Section C-I, April 1942--April 1943

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seaborg, G.T.

    1977-02-01

    A day-to-day account of the work done at the University of Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory from April 1942 to April 1943 is given. The work concerned the development of chemical procedures for the extraction of plutonium, for the purification of plutonium, and, in the later phases, for research on the isotopes of other heavy elements including other transuranium elements. (LK)

  19. The August 1975 Flood over Central China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Long; Smith, James; Liu, Maofeng; Baeck, MaryLynn

    2016-04-01

    The August 1975 flood in Central China was one of the most destructive floods in history, resulting in 26 000 fatalities, leaving about 10 million people with insufficient shelter, and producing long-lasting famine and disease. Extreme rainfall responsible for this flood event was associated with typhoon Nina during 5-7 August 1975. Despite the prominence of the August 1975 flood, analyses of the storms producing the flood and the resulting flood are sparse. Even fewer attempts were made from the perspective of numerical simulations. We examine details of extreme rainfall for the August 1975 flood based on downscaling simulations using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model driven by 20th Century Reanalysis fields. We further placed key hydrometeorological features for the flood event in a climatological context through the analyses of the 20th Century Reanalysis fields. Results indicate interrelated roles of multiple mesoscale ingredients for deep, moist convection in producing extreme rainfall for the August 1975 flood, superimposed over an anomalous synoptic environment. Attribution analyses on the source of water vapor for this flood event will be conducted based on a Lagrangian parcel tracking algorithm LAGRANTO. Analytical framework developed in this study aims to explore utilization of hydrometeorological approach in flood-control engineering designs by providing details on key elements of flood-producing storms.

  20. 29 CFR 1975.6 - Policy as to domestic household employment activities in private residences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Policy as to domestic household employment activities in... WILLIAMS-STEIGER OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 § 1975.6 Policy as to domestic household... regarded as ordinary domestic household tasks, such as house cleaning, cooking, and caring for...

  1. Fort Niobrara Easement Refuges: Lake Andes, Lake Arconge, Carr, Eagle Creek: Narrative report: Sept. to Dec. 1943

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report summarizes activities on Lake Andes, Lake Arconge, Carr, and Eagle Creek Refuges between September and December of 1943. Weather conditions,...

  2. Community College Users' Report, Fall 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmer, A. L., Ed.

    This report was compiled from information supplied by instructors participating in the National Science Foundation's community college field test of PLATO IV--a computer-based system developed at the University of Illinois--during the fall semester of 1975. Represented here are the responses of instructors at five Illinois community colleges to…

  3. Results of the 1975 Delaware PLATO Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofstetter, Fred T.

    During the Spring semester of 1975, the University of Delaware initiated a PLATO project with the dual purpose of demonstrating how a computer system might function in a university and of evaluating what part such a system might play in the future of the university and its supporting community. The demonstration phase of the project, which…

  4. Virginia Woolf: A Bibliography, 1975-1978.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santora, Joseph C.; Greenstein, Jane L.

    The entries in this bibliography reflect the prolific amount of material by and about Virginia Woolf that was published between 1975 and 1978, including reprints and revised editions of original works, previously unpublished writings, and scholarly criticism. The selections are listed as primary sources and secondary sources. The secondary sources…

  5. Narrative Report : Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge Complex for Fiscal Year 1975 [including July - December 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal and calendar year. The report begins by...

  6. [Devils Lake Management District] Six month interim narrative summary: July 1, 1975 to December 31, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Devils Lake Wetland Management District outlines District accomplishments from July through December of 1975. The report begins by giving a...

  7. Interim annual narrative report: Wisconsin Wetland Management District: July 1, 1975 - December 31, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Wisconsin Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments from July through December of 1975. The report begins with an...

  8. Interim annual narrative report: July 1, 1975 - Dec. 31, 1975: [Necedah National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Necedah NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments between July and December of 1975. The report begins with an introduction to the Refuge...

  9. Narrative report for FY 1975 [including July-December, 1975]: Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge and Round Lake National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal...

  10. National Bison Range Narrative report: Fiscal year 1975: July 1, 1974 to June 30, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for National Bison Range outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the weather...

  11. The Evolution of the Combined Allied Headquarters in the North African Theater of Operations from 1942 to 1943

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-21

    15 Dwight Salmon and Paul Birdsall, Part 2 - Period of the Tunisian, Sicilian , and South Italian Campaigns (December 1942 to...North African Invasion (August to December 1942) and Part 2 - Period of the Tunisian, Sicilian , and South Italian Campaigns (December 1942 to December...1943, Observer Report (Washington, DC: Headquarters Army Ground Forces, March 29, 1943). 8 wheat from the chaff, so to speak, separating

  12. Thyroid cancer in Denmark 1943-2008, before and after iodine supplementation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blomberg, M; Feldt-Rasmussen, U; Andersen, K K

    2012-01-01

    Thyroid cancer incidence has increased worldwide during the previous decades. In this nationwide study, we aimed to identify the overall incidence of thyroid cancer in Denmark during 66 years (1943-2008) and incidences of the four main histological types of thyroid cancer from 1978 to 2008. Data......-period-cohort models were fitted to describe trends in incidence. To quantify trends in incidence over time, log-linear Poisson models were used to estimate annual percentage change. From 1943 to 2008, 1,947 men (29%) and 4,682 women (71%) were diagnosed with thyroid cancer. The age-standardized incidence increased......, and it was particularly present during the last decades of the study period. It cannot be ruled out that iodine supplementation may play a role for the risk of thyroid cancer, but as the strongest increase in incidence began in the years before the implementation, it is likely that improvement in diagnostic modalities...

  13. Incidence of and survival from oligodendroglioma in Denmark, 1943-2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Malene Schjønning; Christensen, Helle Collatz; Kosteljanetz, Michael;

    2008-01-01

    case per 100,000 person-years, but varied somewhat when viewed across isolated periods. Comparison of the incidence rate before and after the introduction of CT scanning did not reveal a significant difference in the incidence rate. The median survival increased from 1.4 years (95% confidence interval......,304 cases of oligodendroglioma were included in the study. We calculated sex- and age-specific incidence rates in 5-year age intervals and for 5-year calendar periods. Overall survival was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. In the period 1943-2002, the incidence rate of oligodendroglioma was less than 1......We established the nationwide, population-based incidence of oligodendroglioma in Denmark during 59 years of monitoring and compared the overall survival of patients with oligodendroglial tumors during the periods 1943-1977 and 1978-2002. On the basis of reports in the Danish Cancer Registry, 1...

  14. Obituary: Janet Akyüz Mattei, 1943-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Thomas R.; Willson, Lee Anne

    2004-12-01

    As director of the American Association of Variable Star Observers for thirty years, Janet Mattei led the organization through a series of major improvements and in the process, helped and influenced amateur and professional astronomers around the world. Having successfully tackled many challenges, however, Janet lost her battle with acute myelogenous leukemia on 22 March 2004. One of five children of Bella and Baruk Akyüz, Janet was born on 2 January 1943 in Bodrum, Turkey and received her pre-collegiate education there. She attended Brandeis University from 1962 until 1965 on a full Wein Scholarship, earning a BA in General Science. After eighteen months of supervising a cardiopulmonary laboratory, in 1967 she returned to Turkey to teach physics and mathematics in a high school, and then entered graduate school at Turkey's Ege University. Janet learned of the summer scholarships available at the Maria Mitchell Observatory on Nantucket, and applied to observatory director Dorrit Hoffleit for the opportunity to come back to the United States and learn about variable stars. That summer (1969) she learned to love variable stars, became acquainted with the AAVSO, and met her future husband, Michael Mattei. In 1970, after she earned her master's degree in astronomy at Ege University, Janet entered the University of Virginia where she earned a second master's degree in 1972 with a thesis on T Tauri stars. After receiving her degree in Virginia, Janet married Mike Mattei and became an assistant to Margaret Mayall at AAVSO headquarters. When Mayall decided to retire in 1973, the AAVSO Council asked Janet to assume the helm as director of the association. With such a sudden advance in her responsibilities, Janet had to rapidly learn the management side of running the organization as well as keep up with the day-to-day scientific activities - responding to requests for data, recording observations as pencil-points on paper charts, and predicting future maxima of long

  15. An updated catalog of 318 social surveys of residents' reactions to environmental noise (1943-1989)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fields, James M.

    1991-01-01

    All social surveys of residents' reactions to environmental noise in residential areas which were described in English language publications from 1943 to 1989 are identified. A total of 318 surveys are described. The surveys are indexed by country, noise source, and data of survey. The publications and reports from each survey are listed in a bibliography. Twenty-four surveys are listed which are available for secondary analysis from a data archive.

  16. The decay of 'mesotrons' (1939-1943), experimental particle physics in the age of innocence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, B.

    1983-01-01

    An account is given of the experimental work carried out by the author and his associates during the years 1939 through 1943, which produced the first unambiguous evidence of the spontaneous decay of 'mesotrons', showed that this decay occurred according to an exponential law, as expected, and measured the mean life with a 3 percent accuracy. A byproduct of this work was a verification of the relativistic equation for the dilation of time intervals. Previously announced in STAR as N81-76151

  17. The 300th Infantry Division in Mius-Front Fights in February-March of 1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medvedev Maksim Valeryevich

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available After the encirclement of the German troops and their allies near Stalingrad at the end of November, 1942, the Red army was able to develop large-scale offensive to the west. In January and in the beginning of February of 1943 the forces of the Southern front struck blow on the Rostov direction. This article is devoted to military operations of the 300th infantry division of the 13th Guard infantry corps of the 2nd Guards army at the beginning of 1943. Mentions of them are practically absent in a historiography. Meanwhile, in fights of February – the first decade of March, when the division has suffered huge losses and has been taken away in a reserve, are of great historic importance. In the Soviet historiography in days of the Great Patriotic War not enough attention was paid to destiny of separate fighting connections, the principal value was attached to actions of large expeditions and strategic military associations. It concerns also the 300th infantry division operating to Mius-fronte in February-March, 1943. Meanwhile, the appeal to its fighting way allows to understand better the reasons of failures of the Soviet approach, to find out in what conditions it passed. The approach of this division failed and brought big losses to staff and military equipment. Being guided by the declassified documents of the Central archive of the Ministry of Defence, the author discovers one of the little-known pages of the Mius-front history.

  18. Theoretical Division annual report, FY 1975. [LASL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carruthers, P.A.

    1976-02-01

    This report presents an overview of the activities in the Theoretical Division and a summary of research highlights during FY 1975. It is intended to inform a wide audience about the theoretical work of the LASL and, therefore, contains introductory material which places recent advances in a broader context. The report is organized into two special interest reports: reactor safety research and the Advanced Research Committee, and 11 reports from the T-Division group leaders on the work of their respective groups. Main interests and responsibilities are outlined including the relationship of the group's work to the work of other T-Division groups and other divisions at the Laboratory. The description of research highlights for FY 1975 explains in a fairly simple, straightforward manner the major recent advances and their significance. Each group report is followed by a publication list for FY 1975 (330 references) and a list of talks given outside the Laboratory (140 references). 29 figures. (auth)

  19. EVN Observations of HESS J1943+213: Evidence for an Extreme TeV BL Lac Object

    CERN Document Server

    Akiyama, Kazunori; Tanaka, Yasuyuki T; Nagai, Hiroshi; Giroletti, Marcello; Honma, Mareki

    2016-01-01

    We report on the 1.6 GHz (18 cm) VLBI observations of the unresolved, steady TeV source HESS J1943+213 located in the Galactic plane, performed with the European VLBI Network (EVN) in 2014. Our new observations with a nearly full EVN array provide the deepest image of HESS J1943+213 at the highest resolution ever achieved, enabling us to resolve the long-standing issues of the source identification. The milliarcsecond-scale structure of HESS J1943+213 has a clear asymmetric morphology, consisting of a compact core and a diffuse jet-like tail. This is broadly consistent with the previous e-EVN observations of the source performed in 2011, and re-analyzed in this work. The core component is characterized by the brightness temperature of $\\gtrsim1.8 \\times 10^9$ K, which is typical for low-luminosity blazars in general. Overall, radio properties of HESS J1943+213 are consistent with the source classification as an "extreme high-frequency-peaked BL Lac object". Remarkably, we note that since HESS J1943+213 does n...

  20. Eesti iseseisvuse taastamise küsimusest Soome ja Saksamaa suhetes 1942-1943 / Arti Hilpus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hilpus, Arti, 1972-

    2012-01-01

    Riiklikul tasandil ei olnud Soomel kerge Eestile toetust avaldada. Aastatel 1942-1943 püstitasid soomalsed küsimuse suurema autonoomia või iseseisvuse andmisest Eestile. Iseseisvuse mittelubamise korral oli plaaniks Eesti liitmine Soomega. Soome riigi esindajad väljendasid sõja ajal sakslastele korduvalt ja erinevate kanalite kaudu oma muret Balti rahvaste ja eriti eestlaste tuleviku üle, kuid Saksamaa juhtkond ei lasknud end vastavate poliitiliste muudatuste suunas mõjutada. Eelöeldut illustreerivad Saksa välisministeeriumile ja Saksa saadikule Helsingis saadetud telegrammid

  1. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 86, Number 3, May-June 1943

    Science.gov (United States)

    1943-06-01

    FLYING MEN AND MEDICINE. By E. Osmun Barr, M.D. New York: Funk and Wagnalls Company, 1943. 243 Pages; Index. $2.50. Written for the prospective flyer...Standard Atlas of the World (Rand) 3.50 Reading I’ve Liked. Edited by Clifton Fadiman .. 3.00 Fun Encyclopedia 2.75 Bedside Esquire 1.69 The Mediterranean...they may be. The newer officer; the officer who cannot keep up with the regulations and new features of our rapidly expanding army; and the enlisted

  2. Cervical cancer incidence in Denmark over six decades (1943-2002)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyndi, Marianne; Frederiksen, Kirsten; Kruger Kjaer, Susanne

    2006-01-01

    is based on the Danish Cancer Registry database of 39,623 reported cases of invasive cervical cancer diagnosed among Danish women in the period 1943-2002. The most important variables and measures are age-specific and age-standardized incidence and estimated annual percent changes in incidence. RESULTS......: A significant reduction in incidence of invasive squamous cell carcinoma among women over 30 during the last 35 years and in incidence of invasive adenocarcinoma among women over 40 during the last 15 years has been seen. In both histological subgroups the relative estimated annual percent change in incidence...

  3. Overburdening: Two books on the British politics towards Southeast Asia from 1943 to 1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaap Anten

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Review of:Peter Lowe, Contending with nationalism and communism; Britishpolicy towards Southeast Asia, 1945-65. Basingstoke and NewYork: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, xii + 312 pp. [Global conflictand security since 1945.] ISBN 9780230524873. Price: GBP 60.00(hardback.T.O. Smith, Britain and the origin of the Vietnam War; UK policyin Indo-China, 1943-50. Basingstoke and New York: PalgraveMacmillan, 2007, xiii + 229 pp. [Global contlict and security since1945.] ISBN 9780230507050. Price: GBP 60.00 (hardback

  4. Qha Ke (Guiding the Way From the Hmong Ntsu of China, 1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Tapp

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article provides the text of Ruey Yih-Fu's 1943 collected version of the Qhuab Ke, or Song of Opening the Way, sung at a Hmong funeral in China. An English translation is provided based on the Hmong and Chinese translations given by Ruey, together with extensive notes and details about the Song. Ruey's own IPA-based transliteration is mainly kept, with some modifications in view of RPA. It appears to be one of the earliest and most original versions of the Qhuab Ke we have.

  5. [Follow-up study of eleven autistic children originally reported in 1943. 1971].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanner, L

    1995-01-01

    The destinies of the 11 children first reported in 1943 as suffering from autistic disturbances of affective contact are brought up to date. Their life histories are summarized succinctly in terms of developmental data, family constellations, clinical observations in the course of the years, the varieties of professional planning, and present status. Attention is called to the subsequent scientific studies of early infantile autism with ever-increasing facilities for research in nosology, biochemical and general systemic implication, and therapeutic amelioration. The need for continued follow-up studies of autistic children is emphasized.

  6. Manpower in pathology 1969-1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenbury, C L

    1971-09-01

    An attempt has been made to assess for the period 1969-1975 the demand for consultant pathologists and the adequacy of the trainee cadre to fulfil this demand. In addition new data have been acquired on the way in which pathologists apportion their time between specialties and the availability of specialist opinion and other derived information. The demand for consultants in all specialties, with the exception of morbid anatomy, is likely to exceed the supply. The shortfall is greatest in medical microbiology and chemical pathology, but may be felt equally in haematology in the short term.

  7. Analytical program: 1975 Bikini radiological survey

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mount, M.E.; Robison, W.L.; Thompson, S.E.; Hamby, K.O.; Prindle, A.L.; Levy, H.B.

    1976-11-11

    The analytical program for samples of soil, vegetation, and animal tissue collected during the June 1975 field survey of Bikini and Eneu islands is described. The phases of this program are discussed in chronological order: initial processing of samples, gamma spectrometry, and wet chemistry. Included are discussions of quality control programs, reproducibility of measurements, and comparisons of gamma spectrometry with wet chemistry determinations of /sup 241/Am. Wet chemistry results are used to examine differences in Pu:Am ratios and Pu-isotope ratios as a function of the type of sample and the location where samples were collected.

  8. Summer Reading Remediation for Incoming Pupils 1975; High School Umbrella Number 2, School Year 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toledo, Victor

    The Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I program, Summer Reading Remediation for Incoming Pupils 1975, had two goals: to improve reading skills by supplying an intensive program of remediation in reading and to orient incoming students to their new school environment and its staff. Participating in the program were 2807 ninth and tenth grade…

  9. Biomedical Science, Unit II: Nutrition in Health and Medicine. Digestion of Foods; Organic Chemistry of Nutrients; Energy and Cell Respiration; The Optimal Diet; Foodborne Diseases; Food Technology; Dental Science and Nutrition. Instructor's Manual. Revised Version. 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biomedical Interdisciplinary Curriculum Project, Berkeley, CA.

    This collection of lessons deals with nutrition in health and medicine and specifically the digestive system and its functions. The primary objective of this collection of lessons is to provide information on what constitutes good nutrition. Among the problems treated in these lessons are heart disease, peptic ulcer, hepatitis, vitamin deficiency…

  10. Biomedical Science, Unit II: Nutrition in Health and Medicine. Digestion of Foods; Organic Chemistry of Nutrients; Energy and Cell Respiration; The Optimal Diet; Foodborne Diseases; Food Technology; Dental Science and Nutrition. Student Text. Revised Version, 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biomedical Interdisciplinary Curriculum Project, Berkeley, CA.

    This student text presents instructional materials for a unit of science within the Biomedical Interdisciplinary Curriculum Project (BICP), a two-year interdisciplinary precollege curriculum aimed at preparing high school students for entry into college and vocational programs leading to a career in the health field. Lessons concentrate on…

  11. Keynes, Newton and the Royal Society: the events of 1942 and 1943.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuehn, Daniel

    2013-03-20

    Most discussions of John Maynard Keynes's activities in connection with Newton are restricted to the sale in 1936 at Sotheby's of Newton's Portsmouth Papers and to Keynes's 1946 essay 'Newton, the Man'. This paper provides a history of Keynes's Newton-related work in the interim, highlighting especially the events of 1942 and 1943, which were particularly relevant to the Royal Society's role in the domestic and international promotion of Newton's legacy. During this period, Keynes lectured twice on Newton, leaving notes that would later be read by his brother Geoffrey in the famous commemoration of the Newton tercentenary in 1946. In 1943 Keynes assisted the Royal Society in its recognition of the Soviet celebrations and in the acquisition and preservation of more of the Newton library. In each instance Keynes took the opportunity to promote his interpretation of Newton as 'the last of the magicians': a scientist who had one foot in the pre-modern world and whose approach to understanding the world was as much intuitive as it was methodical.

  12. HESS J1943+213: a candidate extreme BL Lacertae object

    CERN Document Server

    Abramowski, A; Aharonian, F; Akhperjanian, A G; Anton, G; Balzer, A; Barnacka, A; de Almeida, U Barres; Bazer-Bachi, A R; Becherini, Y; Becker, J; Behera, B; Bernlöhr, K; Bochow, A; Boisson, C; Bolmont, J; Bordas, P; Borrel, V; Brucker, J; Brun, F; Brun, P; Bulik, T; Büsching, I; Carrigan, S; Casanova, S; Cerruti, M; Chadwick, P M; Charbonnier, A; Chaves, R C G; Cheesebrough, A; Chounet, L -M; Clapson, A C; Coignet, G; Colom, P; Conrad, J; Dalton, M; Daniel, M K; Davids, I D; Degrange, B; Deil, C; Dickinson, H J; Djannati-Ataï, A; Domainko, W; Drury, L O'C; Dubois, F; Dubus, G; Dyks, J; Dyrda, M; Egberts, K; Eger, P; Espigat, P; Fallon, L; Farnier, C; Fegan, S; Feinstein, F; Fernandes, M V; Fiasson, A; Fontaine, G; Förster, A; Fü\\ssling, M; Gallant, Y A; Gast, H; Gérard, L; Gerbig, D; Giebels, B; Glicenstein, J F; Glück, B; Goret, P; Göring, D; Häffner, S; Hague, J D; Hampf, D; Hauser, M; Heinz, S; Heinzelmann, G; Henri, G; Hermann, G; Hinton, J A; Hoffmann, A; Hofmann, W; Hofverberg, P; Holler, M; Horns, D; Jacholkowska, A; de Jager, O C; Jahn, C; Jamrozy, M; Jung, I; Kastendieck, M A; Katarzyński, K; Katz, U; Kaufmann, S; Keogh, D; Khangulyan, D; Khélifi, B; Klochkov, D; Kluźniak, W; Kneiske, T; Komin, Nu; Kosack, K; Kossakowski, R; Laffon, H; Lamanna, G; Lennarz, D; Lohse, T; Lopatin, A; Lu, C -C; Marandon, V; Marcowith, A; Masbou, J; Maurin, D; Maxted, N; McComb, T J L; Medina, M C; Méhault, J; Nguyen, N; Moderski, R; Moulin, E; Naumann, C L; Naumann-Godo, M; de Naurois, M; Nedbal, D; Nekrassov, D; Nicholas, B; Niemiec, J; Nolan, S J; Ohm, S; Olive, J-F; Wilhelmi, E de Oña; Opitz, B; Ostrowski, M; Panter, M; Arribas, M Paz; Pedaletti, G; Pelletier, G; Petrucci, P -O; Pita, S; Pühlhofer, G; Punch, M; Quirrenbach, A; Raue, M; Rayner, S M; Reimer, A; Reimer, O; Renaud, M; Reyes, R de los; Rieger, F; Ripken, J; Rob, L; Rosier-Lees, S; Rowell, G; Rudak, B; Rulten, C B; Ruppel, J; Ryde, F; Sahakian, V; Santangelo, A; Schlickeiser, R; Schöck, F M; Schönwald, A; Schulz, A; Schwanke, U; Schwarzburg, S; Schwemmer, S; Shalchi, A; Sikora, M; Skilton, J L; Sol, H; Spengler, G; Stawarz, \\L; Steenkamp, R; Stegmann, C; Stinzing, F; Stycz, K; Sushch, I; Szostek, A; Tavernet, J -P; Terrier, R; Tibolla, O; Tluczykont, M; Valerius, K; van Eldik, C; Vasileiadis, G; Venter, C; Vialle, J P; Viana, A; Vincent, P; Vivier, M; Völk, H J; Volpe, F; Vorobiov, S; Vorster, M; Wagner, S J; Ward, M; Wierzcholska, A; Zajczyk, A; Zdziarski, A A; Zech, A; Zechlin, H -S; Burnett, T H; Hill, A B

    2011-01-01

    We report on a newly detected point-like source, HESS J1943+213 located in the Galactic plane. This source coincides with an unidentified hard X-ray source IGR J19443+2117, which was proposed to have radio and infrared counterparts. HESS J1943+213 is detected at the significance level of 7.9 \\sigma (post-trials) at RA(J2000)=19h 43m 55s +- 1s (stat) +- 1s (sys), DEC(J2000) = +21deg 18' 8" +- 17" (stat) +- 20" (sys). The source has a soft spectrum with photon index Gamma = 3.1 +- 0.3 (stat) +- 0.2 (sys) and a flux above 470 GeV of 1.3 +- 0.2 (stat) +- 0.3 (sys) x 10^{-12} cm^{-2} s^{-1}. There is no Fermi/LAT counterpart down to a flux limit of 6 x 10^{-9} cm^{-2} s^{-1} in the 0.1-100 GeV energy range (95% confidence upper limit calculated for an assumed power-law model with a photon index Gamma=2.0). The data from radio to VHE gamma-rays do not show any significant variability. We combine new H.E.S.S., Fermi/LAT and Nancay Radio Telescope observations with pre-existing non-simultaneous multi-wavelength obser...

  13. Syria: The Consolidation of the Asad Regime, 1970-1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Robert W.

    1982-01-01

    Up to 1975-76, Syria's Hafiz al-Asad was successful in consolidating his power, securing the maintenance of his regime, and broadening his base of political power. His system started weakening in 1975 due to increased opposition stemming from Syria's intervention in the Lebanese civil war. (AM)

  14. Highway Safety: Trends in Highway Fatalities 1975-1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-03-01

    pattern of fatalities as the overall trend. This pattern applies to many of the general fatality statis- tics we present, and, in all cases, it serves as a...Fatalities 1975-87 Appemfx IV Vehicle-Related Statistics Figure IV.17: Vehicle Fatalities by Direction of Principal Impacto NNNumber of PddUlsils lwam 0 1975

  15. The University Under Mussolini: The Fascist-Catholic Struggle for Italian Youth, 1922-1943. ASHE Annual Meeting 1981 Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolff, Richard J.

    The effect of Benito Mussolini and the Fascist movement in post World War I Italy on the university is examined with focus on the Fascist-Catholic struggle for Italian youth during the time span 1922-1943. Discussed is the attempt of the Gioventie Universitaria Fascista (GUF), the official organization of the university students and the…

  16. The Twelfth US Air Force. Tactical and Operational Innovations in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, 1943-1944

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    Husky was a strategic success, contributing to the resignation of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on 25 July 1943, and the 30 OPERATION HUSKY AND... Mussolini and the surrender of Italy. The Italian capitulation forced the Germans to defend Italy alone with overstretched forces. The Twelfth Air Force

  17. Construction of pEGFP-N1-TGF-β1 recombinant plasmid and transfected it into primary cultured AEC-Ⅱ of neonatal piglet using lipofectamine 2000%建立pEGFP-N1-TGF-β1重组质粒和脂质体介导转染原代培养新生猪AEC-Ⅱ方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐艳; 孙波

    2016-01-01

    Objective To construct pEGFP-N1-TGF-β1 recombinant plasmid and transfect it into primary cultured neonatal piglet type Ⅱ alveolar epithelium cell (AEC-Ⅱ) by using lipofectamine 2000,in order to provide basis of methodology for producing recombinant plasmids for transplantation of transfected AEC-Ⅱ into ALI/ARDS animal model lungs.Methods PCR primers were designed to amplify the human TGF-β1 cDNA fragment from plasmid.XhoI and EcoRI were used for double digesting the empty plasmid pEGFP-N1 and cDNA fragment of human TGF-β1.Then the products of double enzyme digestion by using T4 DNA ligase were connected and transformed into DH5α and cultured over night for 16 hours.The structure of recombinant plasmid was identified by using PCR and base sequencing to verify the correctness of pEGFP-N1-TGF-β1 recombinant plasmid.It was then transfected into primarily cultured AEC-Ⅱ by lipofectamine2000 mediated transfection and cultured for another 48 hour.Plasmid DNA (pEGFP-N1-TGF-β1 recombinant plasmid) and lipofectamine 2000 were added into serum-free DMEM respectively,then DNA suspension and Lipofectamine 2000 suspension were blended together and added into cells.After 24-48 hours later,the expression level of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was evaluated under fluorescence microscope.Results The structure of vector was verified as pEGFP-N1-TGF-β1 recombinant plasmid by using PCR and base sequencing.Green fluorescence found in some cells showed that the pEGFP-N1-TGF-β1 recombinant plasmids had been successfully transfected into primary cultured AEC-Ⅱ,however,the transfection efficiency still need tobe further improved such as repeating the transfection procedure once again or using adenovirus mediated transfection method to improve the efficiceny and to transplant the cells into animal lungs eventually.Conclusions pEGFP-N1-TGF-β1 recombinant plasmid was successfully constructed and,for the first time,transfected into primarily cultured AEC-Ⅱ of

  18. Suicide in Sri Lanka 1975-2012

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knipe, Duleeka W; Metcalfe, Chris; Fernando, Ravindra;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka has experienced major changes in its suicide rates since the 1970s, and in 1995 it had one of the highest rates in the world. Subsequent reductions in Sri Lanka's suicide rates have been attributed to the introduction of restrictions on the availability of highly toxic...... pesticides. We investigate these changes in suicide rates in relation to age, gender, method specific trends and birth-cohort and period effects, with the aim of informing preventative strategies. METHODS: Secular trends of suicide in relation to age, sex, method, birth-cohort and period effects were...... investigated graphically using police data (1975-2012). Poisoning case-fatality was investigated using national hospital admission data (2004-2010). RESULTS: There were marked changes to the age-, gender- and method-specific incidence of suicide over the study period. Year on year declines in rates began in 17...

  19. CONTRIBUTIONS TO RICKETTSIOSES RESEARCH IN COLOMBIA (1917-1943), LUIS B. PATIÑO CAMARGO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faccini-Martínez, Álvaro A; Botero-García, Carlos A; Hidalgo, Marylin

    2016-01-01

    Colombian physician Luis Benigno Patiño Camargo was one of the pioneers in the study of rickettsioses in South America, demonstrating for the first time in Colombia the presence of Rickettsia rickettsii as the etiological agent of a highly deadly exanthematic febrile syndrome in the 1930s. However, Patiño-Camargo performed other investigations from 1917-1943, which represent the first descriptions and scientific evidence of the presence of R. prowazekii and R. typhi in Colombia. Almost 60 years after the latest research conducted by Dr. Patiño-Camargo, rickettsioses were again a matter of interest and research. In the last decade over 20 research studies have been published, showing new endemic areas for R. rickettsii, as well as the description of new rickettsial species in Colombia.

  20. Blood, Soy Milk, and Vitality: The Wartime Origins of Blood Banking in China, 1943-45.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soon, Wayne

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the multiple meanings of blood transfusion and banking in modern China through the history of the first Chinese blood bank, established by the Overseas Chinese in 1943 to solicit blood for the war effort. Through investigating the attitudes of Chinese soldiers and civilians toward the blood bank, this article argues for the multiplicity of motivations underpinning society's attitudes toward blood banking and donation. Cultural notions of blood were an important but not the sole factor in their consideration. Ideas of nationalism and altruism played a role too. What eventually turned out to be most effective for most donors was the promise of eggs and soy milk for blood. Its economic value in the context of wartime scarcity was enough for many to abandon opposition to blood banking. By drawing attention to socioeconomic concerns in biomedical practices, this article provides an alternative examination of blood banking in modern societies.

  1. [Anthropology and synthetic Darwinism in the Third Reich: The Evolution of Organisms (1943)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossfeld, Uwe; Junker, Thomas

    2003-03-01

    This essay will analyse early attempts to base anthropology on the theoretical model provided by the emerging synthetic Darwinism of the 1940s. In the first section we will investigate the historical context of the publication of one of the central documents of synthetic Darwinism in Germany: Gerhard Heberer's Die Evolution der Organismen (1943). Anthropology was covered extensively in this book. The second section will give an impression of the live and work of the five anthropologists represented in Heberer's book: Christian von Krogh, Wilhelm Gieseler, Otto Reche, Hans Weinert, and Gerhard Heberer. The third part of our paper will clarify whether these anthropologists shared a common theoretical outlook with the founders of synthetic Darwinism, and to what degree they were committed to the racial ideas of the Third Reich.

  2. CONTRIBUTIONS TO RICKETTSIOSES RESEARCH IN COLOMBIA (1917-1943), LUIS B. PATIÑO CAMARGO

    Science.gov (United States)

    FACCINI-MARTÍNEZ, Álvaro A.; BOTERO-GARCÍA, Carlos A.; HIDALGO, Marylin

    2016-01-01

    Colombian physician Luis Benigno Patiño Camargo was one of the pioneers in the study of rickettsioses in South America, demonstrating for the first time in Colombia the presence of Rickettsia rickettsii as the etiological agent of a highly deadly exanthematic febrile syndrome in the 1930s. However, Patiño-Camargo performed other investigations from 1917-1943, which represent the first descriptions and scientific evidence of the presence of R. prowazekii and R. typhi in Colombia. Almost 60 years after the latest research conducted by Dr. Patiño-Camargo, rickettsioses were again a matter of interest and research. In the last decade over 20 research studies have been published, showing new endemic areas for R. rickettsii, as well as the description of new rickettsial species in Colombia. PMID:27074327

  3. AN ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ SKILL IN APPLYING THE PROBLEM SOLVING STRATEGY TO THE PHYSICS PROBLEM SETTLEMENT IN FACING AEC AS GLOBAL COMPETITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Halim

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The results of previous studies show that students of Physics Education (S1 and S2, FKIP Syiah Kuala University more than 50% do not understand the programs and roadmap of Pilar ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community as a part of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC. The inference of those results to the implementation of learning physics and science education system needs to be implemented through a link and match learning model that can improve the ability to think critically and creatively, and students need to be trained to be problem solvers, not the problem makers.Based on these problems, through this research has been applied physics learning by using Problem Solving strategies on 25 students of Master of Physical Education and Science. At the end of the implementation study measured the ability of students to apply problem-solving strategies in accordance with Answer Sections of Problem Solving adopted from previous research. The results showed that the majority of students (78% are able to implement the stage I (Focus on Problem with a complete, almost all respondents (91% was only able to implement the stage II (Describe the Physics of about 40%, almost all respondents (91% can apply for the stage III (Plan The Solution approximately 80% of all respondents have been able to implement the stage IV (Excute the Plan perfectly, and all respondents have been able to apply the stage V (Evaluate the Answer completely. It is expected that all staff of teaching Science materials (Physics, they are recommended strongly to implement Problem Solving as an alternative strategy for preparing students to face global competition in the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC.

  4. HUACHOS, PELUSAS, LADRONES Y PENDENCIEROS: DELINCUENCIA JUVENIL. TEMUCO 1929-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovidio Cárcamo Hernández

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Este artículo está centrado en la elaboración, a partir de la revisión de expedientes judiciales, de una tipología histórica de los menores que tuvieron acciones reñidas con la ley en un periodo comprendido entre 1929 y 1943 en la ciudad de Temuco y sus alrededores. Por otra parte es una indagación de lo que reconocemos como un proceso de criminalización hacia los sectores populares, especialmente de parte de las elites, las cuales han contado con importante ayuda de la teoría jurídica y criminalística para este fin. Por otra parte hacemos referencia a las características de los diferentes tipos de delitos cometidos por los/as menores, describiendo las características socioeconómicas de los/as niños/as y jóvenes procesados, para finalmente detenernos en el proceso de reeducación y castigo al que fueron sometidos en el marco del estado de derecho. Palabras claves: Juventud, Delincuencia, Criminalización. ABSTRACT. This paper it is centred in the typological research about minors who had judiciary problems in a period included from the years 1929 to 1943 in Temuco City and its surrounding. On the other hand it is an study which we can recognize as a process leading to the criminalization of the lower classes of our society led by the elites who have had the support of the judiciary and criminalist theories in order to get this end. For this purpose we describe the socio-economic characteristic of the teenagers who were processed and at the end we described the process of punishment and re-education this adolescent were submitted within the state of law. Key words: Youth, Delinquency, Criminalization.

  5. Biology of nesting Aleutian Canada goose, summer 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — In 1974 and 1975 breeding Aleutian Canada geese, Branta canadensis leucopareia, were studied at Buldir Island, western Aleutian Islands. Buldir is the only known...

  6. Planning and accomplishment narrative: FY - 1975: Mingo National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Mingo National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  7. High Blood Pressure Rates Have Doubled Worldwide Since 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_162069.html High Blood Pressure Rates Have Doubled Worldwide Since 1975 Most of ... News) -- The number of people worldwide with high blood pressure has nearly doubled over the past 40 years, ...

  8. Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative Report : Fiscal Year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the fiscal year 1975. The report begins by summarizing...

  9. Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge : Annual Narrative Report : Fiscal Year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  10. Annual Narrative Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge Fiscal Year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing...

  11. Seney National Wildlife Refuge Annual narrative report: Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Seney National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal and calendar year. The report begins by...

  12. Narrative Report: Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing...

  13. Narrative report Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge: Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing...

  14. Ravalli National Wildlife Refuge Annual narrative report: July - December, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Ravalli National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from July through December of 1975. The report begins with an...

  15. Ouray National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative Report : Fiscal Year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Ouray National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  16. Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative Report : FY - 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  17. Northwest Montana [Waterfowl Production Area] Narrative report: Fical year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Northwest Montana Wetland Management District outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by...

  18. Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge Narrative report: FY 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  19. Narrative Report : Fiscal Year 1975 : Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Great Meadows NWR and satellite refuges outlines refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by...

  20. Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative Report : Fiscal Year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge summarizes refuge activities during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins with a summary of the...

  1. Minnesota Wetland Complex Office: [Narrative report] Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for the Minnesota Wetland Complex outlines Complex accomplishments during the 1975 calendar year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  2. Erie National Wildlife Refuge Annual narrative report: Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Erie National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  3. Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge Annual Narrative Report: Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing...

  4. Narrative Report Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge: Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge summarizes refuge activities for fiscal year 1975. The report begins with a summary of weather and...

  5. Narrative Report : Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge : Fiscal Year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  6. Helium 10830 angstrom irradiance: 1975-1983

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, J. W.

    1984-05-01

    A fairly complete time series from late 1974 to mid-1983 is available of values of the equivalent width of the He I 10830A chromospheric spectrum line averaged over the visible solar disk. Variation from about 25 mA in 1975 to about 80 mA in late 1981 is the major component of the signal. The 10830 variation reaches minimum about a year before the sunspot minimum and reaches maximum about a year after sunspot maximum. Superposed on the solar cycle variation is a modulation of up to + or - 13 mAdu to the passage of active regions across the disk. Power spectral analysis of the time series shows a major peak at a synodic rotation period of 27.42 days and smaller peaks at 1/2, 1/4 and 1/6 of this period. The spectrum is well modeled by a basic fluctuating component with an exponentially decaying autocovariance function of scale time of 43 days. Analysis of the data indicates that the rotational modulation occurs in episodes that last from 4 to 10 rotations. These episodes arise when active regions tend to occur in a limited longitude range. The analysis also shows that the apparent rotation period increased from 1977 to 1981. The apparent rotation period since 1981 is markedly shorter.

  7. State flows of energy in 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rice, P.L.

    1979-11-01

    This report highlights the distribution or flows of energy between states; it provides a supplement to Energy Availabilities for State and Local Development: 1975 Data Volume (ORNL/TM-6951). State flows are reported for the ten energy regions defined by the Department of Energy. Energy imports and exports are disaggregated into foreign and inter-regional components and the mode of transport indicated. The best analysis and presentation of energy flows is for natural gas. The report provides reference material on natural gas consumption, production, and distribution and has potential utility for: (1) determining the potential impact of curtailments; and (2) conducting cost-benefit analyses of the redistribution of natural gas between users and between states. Of equal significance is the integration and consolidation of data for crude oil and petroleum-product flows. Unpublished state-to-state flows by tanker and barge from PAD III (the largest petroleum-producing region) were combined with information on inter-regional pipeline shipments and foreign shipments to create a complete picture of the production, consumption, and distribution of all petroleum products, such as gasoline. There is additional information on flows of coal and electricity. The data for bituminous coal shipments between states is for utilities with 25 megawatts or greater capacity. The electricity data is based on the Form 412 reports filed by large utilities in 1974.

  8. WATER TEMPERATURE and other data from DISCOVERY, DUCHESS and other platforms from 1943-08-11 to 1990-04-13 (NCEI Accession 8700346)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The accession contains Bathythermograph XBT and MBT data in C116 and C128 format. The data spans a period from August 1943 to April 1990. The data is a compilation...

  9. Bibliography of Technical Publications and Papers, July 1975 - June 1976

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-07-01

    Chemical Society, Chemical Institute of Canada, and Sociedad Quimca de Mexico , Mexico City, Mexico , 30 November-5 December 1975. 180. Chemical...J. J. MCMULLEN, D. P. BUTLER, T. WAKEFIELD, and 1. K. CALHOUN. The influence of a high level of corn oil on rat serum lipoproteins. Atherosclerosis ...substances. North American Chemical Congress, Mexico City, Mexico , 1 December 1975. 342. MOON, R. D. Orosensory control of differential ingestion. US Army

  10. Cumulated UDC Supplement, 1965-1975. Volume III: Classes 6/62 (61 Medical Sciences, 62 Engineering and Technology Generally, 621 Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, 622 Mining, 623 Military and Naval Engineering, 624 Civil and Structural Engineering, 625 Railway and Highway Engineering, 626/627 Hydraulic Engineering Works, 628 Public Health Engineering, 629 Transport (Vehicle) Engineering).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Federation for Documentation, The Hague (Netherlands). Committee on Classification Research.

    In continuation of the "Cumulated UDC Supplement - 1964" published by the International Federation for Documentation, this document provides a cumulative supplement to the Universal Decimal Classification for 1965-1975. This third of five volumes lists new classification subdivisions in the following subject areas: (1) medical sciences; (2)…

  11. Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge. Summary Narrative Report. For the period July 1, 1975 through December 31, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge summarizes refuge activities from July through December 1975. The report begins with a summary...

  12. China, Japan, and the United States in World War II: The Relinquishment of Unequal Treaties in 1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaohua Ma

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine how the United States transformed its foreign policy to promote China as an “equal state” in international politics during World War II, with focus on the process of the American relinquishment of its unequal treaties with China in 1943. In particular, it concentrates on analyzing the conflicts between the United States and Japan in the process of relinquishment. By examining the rivalry between the United States and Japan in the social warfare – propaganda – we can see that the relinquishment of the unequal treaties in 1943 not only marked a historical turning point in America’s China policy, but also had a great impact on the transformation of East Asian politics in World War II and its influence in the world politics.

  13. Zooplankton data collected from net casts in the Gulf of Alaska from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER from 1975-10-20 to 1975-11-10 (NCEI Accession 7700028)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Zooplankton data were collected using net casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER in the Gulf of Alaska from 20 October 1975 to 10 November 1975. Data were collected by the...

  14. Cloud amount/frequency, NITRATE and other data from unknown platforms from 1975-01-18 to 1975-02-23 (NCEI Accession 7900147)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Water depth and other data from 18 January 1975 to 23 February 1975. Data were collected by National Ocean Data Center (NODC) as part of the International Decade of...

  15. Marine mammal specimen and other data as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 01 February 1975 to 03 September 1975 (NODC Accession 7800649)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Marine mammal specimen and other data were collected from 01 February 1975 to 03 September 1975. Data were collected by the Alaska State Department of Fish and Game...

  16. Condition and Organization of Everyday Life in the Military Units of the Southwestern, Stalingrad and Don fronts (1942–1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana P. Khlynina

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to various aspects of the condition and organization of the everyday life of military units of the Southwestern, Stalingrad and Don fronts in 1942–1943 years. The looks of the questions of food and clothing supplies, ensure domestic needs and recreation. At the base of the article are documents of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, recorded memories participants in the events of that time, published sources.

  17. À propos de Pierre Brossolette, " Hommage aux morts de la France combattante ", Albert Hall de Londres, 18 juin 1943

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    En rendant un hommage passionné aux morts de la France Combattante, le 18 juin 1943 à l'Albert Hall de Londres, Pierre Brossolette s'efforce de mobiliser les " Français de Grande-Bretagne " (c'est-à-dire, rappelons-le, un auditoire qui dépasse la seule France Combattante) au service de l'entreprise gaullienne et, plus largement, de la rénovation à venir de la France (...).

  18. Melanie Klein en las publicaciones de la Revista de Psicoanálisis (1943-1955)

    OpenAIRE

    Moukarzel, María Laura

    2013-01-01

    En el presente trabajo, se plantea como objetivo abordar el problema de la recepción de la obra de Melanie Klein en Buenos Aires, partiendo de las principales hipótesis históricas escritas hasta el momento y el análisis de las publicaciones de la Revista de Psicoanálisis de la Asociación Psicoanalítica Argentina entre 1943 y 1955.

  19. Genetic and environmental influences on risk of death due to infections assessed in Danish twins, 1943-2001

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Obel, Niels; Christensen, Kaare; Petersen, Inge;

    2010-01-01

    Genetic differences have been proposed to play a strong role in risk of death from infectious diseases. The study base of 44,005 included all same-sex twin pairs born in 1870-2001, with both twins alive on January 1, 1943, or those born thereafter. Cause of death was obtained from the Danish Cause...... genetic influence on the risk of death...... from infectious diseases could be demonstrated, the absolute effect of the genetic component on mortality was small....

  20. HESS J1943+213: a candidate extreme BL Lacertae object

    Science.gov (United States)

    H.E.S.S. Collaboration; Abramowski, A.; Acero, F.; Aharonian, F.; Akhperjanian, A. G.; Anton, G.; Balzer, A.; Barnacka, A.; Barres de Almeida, U.; Bazer-Bachi, A. R.; Becherini, Y.; Becker, J.; Behera, B.; Bernlöhr, K.; Bochow, A.; Boisson, C.; Bolmont, J.; Bordas, P.; Borrel, V.; Brucker, J.; Brun, F.; Brun, P.; Bulik, T.; Büsching, I.; Carrigan, S.; Casanova, S.; Cerruti, M.; Chadwick, P. M.; Charbonnier, A.; Chaves, R. C. G.; Cheesebrough, A.; Chounet, L.-M.; Clapson, A. C.; Coignet, G.; Colom, P.; Conrad, J.; Dalton, M.; Daniel, M. K.; Davids, I. D.; Degrange, B.; Deil, C.; Dickinson, H. J.; Djannati-Ataï, A.; Domainko, W.; Drury, L. O.'C.; Dubois, F.; Dubus, G.; Dyks, J.; Dyrda, M.; Egberts, K.; Eger, P.; Espigat, P.; Fallon, L.; Farnier, C.; Fegan, S.; Feinstein, F.; Fernandes, M. V.; Fiasson, A.; Fontaine, G.; Förster, A.; Füßling, M.; Gallant, Y. A.; Gast, H.; Gérard, L.; Gerbig, D.; Giebels, B.; Glicenstein, J. F.; Glück, B.; Goret, P.; Göring, D.; Häffner, S.; Hague, J. D.; Hampf, D.; Hauser, M.; Heinz, S.; Heinzelmann, G.; Henri, G.; Hermann, G.; Hinton, J. A.; Hoffmann, A.; Hofmann, W.; Hofverberg, P.; Holler, M.; Horns, D.; Jacholkowska, A.; de Jager, O. C.; Jahn, C.; Jamrozy, M.; Jung, I.; Kastendieck, M. A.; Katarzyński, K.; Katz, U.; Kaufmann, S.; Keogh, D.; Khangulyan, D.; Khélifi, B.; Klochkov, D.; Kluźniak, W.; Kneiske, T.; Komin, Nu.; Kosack, K.; Kossakowski, R.; Laffon, H.; Lamanna, G.; Lennarz, D.; Lohse, T.; Lopatin, A.; Lu, C.-C.; Marandon, V.; Marcowith, A.; Masbou, J.; Maurin, D.; Maxted, N.; McComb, T. J. L.; Medina, M. C.; Méhault, J.; Nguyen, N.; Moderski, R.; Moulin, E.; Naumann, C. L.; Naumann-Godo, M.; de Naurois, M.; Nedbal, D.; Nekrassov, D.; Nicholas, B.; Niemiec, J.; Nolan, S. J.; Ohm, S.; Olive, J.-F.; de Oña Wilhelmi, E.; Opitz, B.; Ostrowski, M.; Panter, M.; Paz Arribas, M.; Pedaletti, G.; Pelletier, G.; Petrucci, P.-O.; Pita, S.; Pühlhofer, G.; Punch, M.; Quirrenbach, A.; Raue, M.; Rayner, S. M.; Reimer, A.; Reimer, O.; Renaud, M.; de los Reyes, R.; Rieger, F.; Ripken, J.; Rob, L.; Rosier-Lees, S.; Rowell, G.; Rudak, B.; Rulten, C. B.; Ruppel, J.; Ryde, F.; Sahakian, V.; Santangelo, A.; Schlickeiser, R.; Schöck, F. M.; Schönwald, A.; Schulz, A.; Schwanke, U.; Schwarzburg, S.; Schwemmer, S.; Shalchi, A.; Sikora, M.; Skilton, J. L.; Sol, H.; Spengler, G.; Stawarz, Ł.; Steenkamp, R.; Stegmann, C.; Stinzing, F.; Stycz, K.; Sushch, I.; Szostek, A.; Tavernet, J.-P.; Terrier, R.; Tibolla, O.; Tluczykont, M.; Valerius, K.; van Eldik, C.; Vasileiadis, G.; Venter, C.; Vialle, J. P.; Viana, A.; Vincent, P.; Vivier, M.; Völk, H. J.; Volpe, F.; Vorobiov, S.; Vorster, M.; Wagner, S. J.; Ward, M.; Wierzcholska, A.; Zajczyk, A.; Zdziarski, A. A.; Zech, A.; Zechlin, H.-S.; Burnett, T. H.; Hill, A. B.

    2011-05-01

    Context. The H.E.S.S. Cherenkov telescope array has been surveying the Galactic plane for new VHE (>100 GeV) gamma-ray sources. Aims: We report on a newly detected point-like source, HESS J1943+213. This source coincides with an unidentified hard X-ray source IGR J19443+2117, which was proposed to have radio and infrared counterparts. Methods: We combine new H.E.S.S., Fermi/LAT and Nançay Radio Telescope observations with pre-existing non-simultaneous multi-wavelength observations of IGR J19443+2117 and discuss the likely source associations as well as the interpretation as an active galactic nucleus, a gamma-ray binary or a pulsar wind nebula. Results: HESS J1943+213 is detected at the significance level of 7.9σ (post-trials) at RA(J2000) = 19h 43m 55s ± 1^s_stat ± 1^s_sys, Dec(J2000) = +21° 18' 8'' ± 17''_stat ± 20 arcsec_sys. The source has a soft spectrum with photon index Γ = 3.1 ± 0.3stat ± 0.2sys and a flux above 470 GeV of (1.3 ± 0.2stat ± 0.3sys) × 10-12 cm-2 s-1. There is no Fermi/LAT counterpart down to a flux limit of 6 × 10-9 cm-2 s-1 in the 0.1-100 GeV energy range (95% confidence upper limit calculated for an assumed power-law model with a photon index Γ = 2.0). The data from radio to VHE gamma-rays do not show any significant variability. Conclusions: The lack of a massive stellar counterpart disfavors the binary hypothesis, while the soft VHE spectrum would be very unusual in case of a pulsar wind nebula. In addition, the distance estimates for Galactic counterparts places them outside of the Milky Way. All available observations favor an interpretation as an extreme, high-frequency peaked BL Lac object with a redshift z > 0.14. This would be the first time a blazar is detected serendipitously from ground-based VHE observations, and the first VHE AGN detected in the Galactic Plane.

  1. uma renovação no conceito das exposições escolares (1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dulce Regina Baggio Osinski

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la primera Exposición de Dibujo Infantil y Juvenil realizada Curitiba/PR, en 1943, y sus relaciones con las tendencias modernas en arte y educación. El evento involucró intelectuales y artistas como Raul Gomes, Erasmo Pilotto, Helena Kolody y Guido Viaro, además de las profesoras en formación y alumnos de escuelas públicas y privadas. Defendiendo la libertad de expresión y la individualidad del niño, el proyecto de la exposición justificaba su importancia por su carácter científico, con base en investigaciones sobre el dibujo infantil, realizadas en psicología por Luquet, Rouma y Rabello, así como en las conclusiones del Congreso de Enseñanza de Dibujo de París, de 1937. Como fuentes se utilizaron los diarios impresos O Dia y la Gazeta do Povo .

  2. [Fiftieth anniversary of classical genetics of professor Noe (1943-1993)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz-Coke, R

    1993-05-01

    Fifty years ago, the author was a student of Dr Juan Noé's general biology course. Dr Noé, an italian physician and biologist, was the most outstanding european teacher in Chile during the first half of twentieth century (1912-1947) and was the founder of the "Instituto de Biología de la Universidad de Chile". In 1943 Dr Noé taught to the author the classical genetics of that age that included basic concepts of mendelian theory, evolution, comparative anatomy, cytogenetics, eugenics and normal and pathological inheritance. He also undertook controversial problems of those times such as eugenics, racism, humanism and the ambiguity about "inherited defects" associated to syphilis, alcoholism and tuberculosis. The author received a firm education on the history of biological sciences, mendelism, evolution and genetic etiology of classical hereditary diseases such as hemophilia, daltonism, Huntington chorea and muscular dystrophy. Furthermore, Noé made mention of the hereditary etiology of cancer in animals and human leukemias and of the concept of polygenic diseases as a consequence inheritance-environment interactions. The author concludes emphasizing the importance of basic and clinical education in the teaching of medical genetics.

  3. Adidos Trabalhistas e lideres sindicais norteamericanos no Brasil 1943 – 1952

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo José Afonso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa documentos restritos e secretos do Departamento de Estado norte-americano, principalmente os Relatórios “Mensais do Trabalho”, relatórios do FBI, da CIA e do Departamento do Trabalho dos Estados Unidos, e procura descrever a ação dos Adidos Trabalhistas Americanos e Ingleses no Brasil, no período de 1943 a 1952, como elementos-chave na política externa dos Estados Unidos, direcionada à possível intervenção em assuntos internos brasileiros. O presente estudo destaca, igualmente, a tarefa de líderes sindicais norte-americanos, ligados à Federação Americana do Trabalho e ao Departamento de Estado - em visita ao Brasil no período descrito, no intento de obter a cooptação de líderes sindicais brasileiros para a associação na formação de uma grande Central Sindical Mundial, cujo intuito era o controle do movimento operário do Brasil e de outros países sob sua influência.

  4. Between punishment and redemption. Women in prison in the Balearic Islands (1936-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David GINARD I FÉRON

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyze the specific characteristics and living conditions in the women prison in Mallorca —1936-1943— in the context of the repression carried out by the Francoist regime against women who supported and sympathized with the Republican government. The first part deals with the period of the Civil War during which, due to the unprecedented avalanche of women’s detentions produced by the rebels, it was necessary to improvise a center for females who remanded in custody. Later on, the changes brought about in 1940 by the transformation of the modest prison located in Palma into one of the central prisons for women in Spain are analyzed. The third section revolves around the singular presence in this prison of the «Sisters of Charity» Catholic religious order and its influence on the daily life. Likewise, the strategies of resistance developed by the prisoners to improve their living conditions, protect themselves from the disciplinary measures adopted by the penal authorities and help spread their political ideas are explained. Finally, the essay also mentions the causes and consequences of the closure of this Majorcan prison and the process of recuperation of the memory of the former prisoners that has taken place over the last decade.

  5. La lucha contra la poliomielitis: una alianza médico-social, Buenos Aires, 1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Edelvis Testa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el surgimiento de una de las organizaciones voluntarias de asistencia social que tuvo una activa participación en la atención sanitaria de la poliomielitis en Argentina: la Asociación para la Lucha contra la Parálisis Infantil. Esta institución fue conformada en la ciudad de Buenos Aires, en 1943, por un grupo de mujeres de sectores sociales altos y medios. En un contexto de incertidumbre biomédica la entidad movilizó recursos materiales y simbólicos para dar respuesta al problema de la rehabilitación de las afecciones físicas permanentes que la enfermedad provocaba en sus víctimas. Utilizando como fuente las memorias institucionales de la organización, se muestra cómo médicos y filántropas constituyeron una alianza médico-social y desarrollaron el interés fundamental de practicar una modalidad de tratamiento –en un contexto donde todo estaba por hacerse- sostenidos en un andamiaje que amalgamaba ideas cristianas con innovaciones de la medicina y la rehabilitación.

  6. AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS IN GERMANY’S ECONOMIC STRATEGY IN 1942-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatarov A. A.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article explores shift of emphasis in the Third Reich policy in the North Caucasus when agricultural resources of the region became the main object of economic exploitation and one of the most important source of Germany's food supply. Firstly the author shows the place the North Caucasus had in agriculture of the Soviet Union on the eve of the Great Patriotic War. Despite a relatively small area and population, the region played an important role in the production of wheat, corn, sunflower, meat and other products. It is emphasized that the region was of special interest to Germany primarily for its oil fields which allowed solving the fuel problems. But with the failure of Hitler’s "oil plans" the agricultural products became the most important revenue source for the German economy in the North Caucasus in 1942-1943. The author shows that for stable agricultural exploitation the occupation regime not only refused the collective farms’ accelerated elimination but also adapted them to harvesting crops and saving huge livestock. Using the pro-Nazi newspapers and archival documents, the author reveals the occupier’s methodology of action and propaganda by local supporters of the regime for a timely crops harvest. In conclusion, the results of agrarian policy of Germany in the North Caucasus are shown. This article is intended for specialists in the field of history and economics as well as a wide range of readers

  7. Nuclear criticality experiments from 1943 to 1978: an annotated bibliography. Volume 1. Main listing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koponen, B.L.; Wilcox, T.P.; Hampel, V.E.

    1979-04-24

    The bibliography contains 1067 citations from the literature of critical and near-critical nuclear experiments. It provides an up-to-date index to reports containing useful data for many types of criticality studies. Most of the reports can provide specifications for relatively simple critical configurations necessary for validating nuclear constants and calculational techniques. The reports of more than 1143 experimentors at 38 international facilities since 1943 are cross-referenced. The collection contains the prototypes of many different designs of nuclear reactors and studies performed to insure the safe use of fissile materials in chemical processing plants, storage facilities, and transportation containers. The bibliography has three volumes. Volume 1 contains the main listing of citations with abstracts. Volume 2 is a set of indexes organized by report number, publication date, experimental facility, and author name. Volume 3 provides a subject index, concorded on the significant keyphrases derived from titles, and an index of keyterms derived from titles, and an index of keyterms extracted from titles and abstracts. The bibliography was printed by computer as a selection from a computerized system at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory contaning information and data on criticality experiments.

  8. Neuro psychiatry 1943: the role of documentary film in the dissemination of medical knowledge and promotion of the U.K. psychiatric profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Edgar

    2014-04-01

    In 1943, Basil Wright produced a documentary film about the treatment of servicemen and civilians with psychological disorders at Mill Hill Emergency Medical Service Hospital. Funded by the Ministry of Information, Neuro Psychiatry was shot to convince influential clinicians and policy makers in North America that the British had developed expertise in the management of psychiatric casualties. By emphasizing novel and apparently effective interventions and excluding severe or intractable cases from the film, Wright encouraged an optimistic sense of achievement. Filmed at a time when victory was considered an eventual outcome, the picture presented a health service to which all had access without charge. Children and unemployed women, two groups excluded under the 1911 National Insurance Act, had been required to pay for healthcare in the prewar period and were shown receiving free treatment from the Emergency Medical Service. However, the therapeutic optimism presented in the film proved premature. Most U.K. battle casualties arose in the latter half of the conflict and follow-up studies failed to confirm the positive outcome statistics reported in the film. Aubrey Lewis, clinical director of the hospital, criticized research projects conducted at Mill Hill for a lack of rigor. The cinematographic skills of Wright and director Michael Hankinson, together with their reformist agenda, created a clinical presentation that emphasized achievements without acknowledging the limitations not only of the therapies offered by doctors but also the resources available to a nation at war.

  9. Limnology of selected lakes in Ohio, 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobin, Robert L.; Youger, John D.

    1977-01-01

    Water-quality reconnaissance by the U.S. Geological Survey and Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, to evaluate the status of Ohio's lakes and reservoirs was begun in 1975 with studies of 17 lakes. Spring and summer data collections for each lake included: profile measurements of temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, and specific conductance; field and laboratory analyses of physical, biological, chemical organic characteristics; (nutrient), and concentrations of major and minor chemical constituents from composites of the water column; and physical and chemical data from major inflows.Light penetration (secchi disk) ranged from 9.4 feet (2.9 meters) in Lake Hope to 0.4 feet (0.1 meter) in Acton Lake. Seasonal thermal stratification or stability is shown for 10 lakes deeper than 15 feet (4.6 meters). Unstable or modified temperature profiles were observed in shallow lakes (depths less than 15 feet) or lakes controlled through subsurface release valves.Dissolved oxygen saturation ranged from 229 percent (20.8 milligrams per liter) in the epilimnion of Paint Creek Lake to zero in the bottom waters of all thermally stabilized lakes. Marked chemical and physical differences and nutrient uptake and recycling developed within different thermal strata. Anaerobic zones were frequently characterized by hydrogen sulfide and ammonia.Calcium was the dominant or codominant cation, and bicarbonate and(or) sulfate were the major anions in all lakes sampled. Only Hope and Vesuvius Lakes had soft water (hardness less than 61 milligrams per liter as CaCO3 ), and both lakes were further characterized by low pH (less than 7.0). Specific conductance ranged from 510 micromhos (Deer Creek and Salt Fork Lakes) to 128 micromhos (Lake Hope). Pesticide residues were detected in Acton Lake, and concentrations of one or more trace metals were at or above Ohio Environmental Protection Agency recommended limits in 11 lakes.Fecal coliform colony counts were below 400 colonies per 100 milliliters in

  10. [Dutch computer domestication, 1975-1990].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veraart, Frank

    2008-01-01

    A computer seems an indispensable tool among twenty-first century households. Computers however, did not come as manna from heaven. The domestication and appropriation of computers in Dutch households was a result of activities by various intermediary actors. Computers became household commodities only gradually. Technophile computer hobbyists imported the first computers into the Netherlands from the USA, and started small businesses from 1975 onwards. They developed a social network in which computer technology was made available for use by individuals. This network extended itself via shops, clubs, magazines, and other means of acquiring and exchanging computer hard- and software. Hobbyist culture established the software-copying habits of private computer users as well as their ambivalence to commercial software. They also made the computer into a game machine. Under the impulse of a national policy that aimed at transforming society into an 'Information Society', clubs and other actors extended their activities and tailored them to this new agenda. Hobby clubs presented themselves as consumer organizations and transformed into intermediary actors that filled the gap between suppliers and a growing group of users. They worked hard to give meaning to (proper) use of computers. A second impulse to the increasing use of computers in the household came from so-called 'private-PC' projects in the late 1980s. In these projects employers financially aided employees in purchasing their own private PCs'. The initially important intermediary actors such as hobby clubs lost control and the agenda for personal computers was shifted to interoperability with office equipment. IBM compatible PC's flooded the households. In the household the new equipment blended with the established uses, such as gaming. The copying habits together with the PC standard created a risky combination in which computer viruses could spread easily. New roles arose for intermediary actors in guiding

  11. Nuclear fusion systems analysis research. FY 1975 annual report, 1 July 1974--30 June 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weatherwax, R.K. (ed.)

    1975-12-31

    This report summarizes research conducted during FY 1975 on the parametric systems analysis of fusion central power stations. As described in the report the methodology being pursued provides for a phased analysis starting with simple ''nominal'' parameters and associated computer codes and progressing to more complex functional models and then to physically based mathematical models for the systems of major significance in future power station viability. The nominal parameter analysis for preliminary screening only derives from consideration of extant reactor point designs and defines a nominal 5000 MWt reactor with either a 900 or 1250 K peak blanket coolant temperature. Functionalized performance and cost models are described for helium Brayton cycle, steam Rankine cycle and binary cycle electric power generation systems.

  12. Index to AEC Information Booklets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1978-01-01

    The U. S. Atomic Energy Commission publishes a series of information booklets for the general public. These booklets explain many aspects of nuclear science. Because these booklets cover such a variety of scientific fields, this index was prepared to help the reader find quickly those booklets that contain the information he needs.

  13. Organizaciones partidarias, elecciones y élites políticas. Santa Fe (Argentina, 1930-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Macor

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo recorta su objeto de estudio en la provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina, en el período 1930-1943, centrando su análisis en el proceso de competencia entre las principales fuerzas políticas del distrito y la paralela reconstitución de las élites políticas. El estudio se ordena a partir de las experiencias gubernamentales de la Democracia Progresista y del Antipersonalismo que dividen en dos a la década y se revelan como paradigmáticas de tradiciones políticas en pugna.

  14. Collection and Comparative Analysis of 1888 Full-length cDNAs from Wild Rice Oryza rufipogon Griff. W1943

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Tingting; Yu, Shuliang; Fan, Danlin; Mu, Jie; Shangguan, Yingying; Wang, Zixuan; Minobe, Yuzo; Lin, Zhixin; Han, Bin

    2008-01-01

    A huge amount of cDNA and EST resources have been developed for cultivated rice species Oryza sativa; however, only few cDNA resources are available for wild rice species. In this study, we isolated and completely sequenced 1888 putative full-length cDNA (FLcDNA) clones from wild rice Oryza rufipogon Griff. W1943 for comparative analysis between wild and cultivated rice species. Two cDNA libraries were constructed from 3-week-old leaf samples under either normal or cold-treated conditions. Ho...

  15. La política universitaria peronista y el movimiento estudiantil reformista: actores, conflictos y visiones opuestas (1943-1955)

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    En el presente trabajo esbozamos una lectura sobre la relación entre el gobierno peronistay el movimiento estudiantil universitario, en el transcurso de la década que va entre los años 1946 y 1955. Con tales fines, vamos a tener en cuenta distintos niveles de análisis: por un lado, la complejidad del escenario político abierto en Argentina en junio de 1943, así como la fuerte influencia del marco internacional durante estos años. Por otra parte, la fuerte presencia de la "tradición" reformist...

  16. Learning and Technology in Alberta (1975 to 2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Alberta's education system is a leader in the use of technology in teaching and learning. New information technologies create options for how teachers teach, how students learn, and how classrooms look and operate. This document chronicles the history of computer technology in Alberta from 1975-2009. The information is arranged in a tabulated…

  17. Fairfield Porter...A Life in Art, 1907 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Mark M.

    2003-01-01

    Focuses on the life and career of Fairfield Porter who was a painter working in the style of Intimist inspired Realist. Provides background information on Porter and examples of his artwork. Describes the exhibit "Fairfield Porter: A Life in Art, 1907 1975." (CMK)

  18. Annual Report to the Nation, 1975-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    A press release from the American Cancer Society and NCI about the Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2014, reports that overall cancer death rates continue to decline, however, death rates for some cancers increased or stabilized.

  19. The Growth of Alternative Public Schools: The 1975 ICOPE Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, Robert D.

    1975-01-01

    This newsletter reports the growth of alternative schools from 1973 when 464 alternative public schools in 36 states were identified to 1975 when 1,250 such schools can be listed. Charts illustrate the growth distributed by states. The reasons for growth are presented as publications, professional recommendations, accreditation procedures, state…

  20. Hardin-Simmons University Faculty Handbook, 1975-1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardin-Simmons Univ., Abilene, TX.

    The 1975 edition of the faculty handbook is divided into major sections covering administrative structure, faculty-administration relationships, faculty compensation and fringe benefits, faculty services, faculty-student responsibilities and relationships, and summer school employment. The university administration is described with regard to the…

  1. 29 CFR 1975.5 - States and political subdivisions thereof.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... subdivisions of a State: (5) The term “employer” means a person engaged in a business affecting commerce who... “State or political subdivision of a State”, but unusual factors to the contrary in a particular case may... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false States and political subdivisions thereof. 1975.5...

  2. Annual Report to the Nation, 1975-2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer (1975-2012) shows that death rates continued to decline for all cancers combined, as well as for most cancer sites for men and women, as well as for most cancer sites for men and women.

  3. Poverty and consumption patterns in urban Ecuador, 1975.

    OpenAIRE

    1984-01-01

    ILO pub. Working paper, econometric model of poverty and consumer expenditure patterns in urban area Ecuador, 1975 - discusses methodology for identifying social indicators associated with low income households; considers the impact of illiteracy, educational level, family size, occupational status, etc. On household income. Bibliography.

  4. Ohio College Library Center Annual Report 1974/1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc., Dublin, OH.

    The 1974-75 annual report of the Ohio College Library Center (OCLC) provides statistics, tables, and narrative information about OCLC's operation, particularly its on-line cataloging services. A detailed financial statement is included. Members as of June 1975 are listed, as are the OCLC trustees. (LS)

  5. Democracy Threatened: India's Emergency of 1975. A Classroom Simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudin, Kelly Bryan

    In 1975, India's Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, declared a state of emergency, temporarily suspending the civil liberties of this country's citizens. This classroom simulation, designed for use in secondary school world history classes, examines the various issues surrounding this declaration of emergency and includes: (1) an introduction to the…

  6. Geothermal environmental projects publication list with abstracts 1975-1978

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ricker, Y.E.; Anspaugh, L.R.

    1979-05-15

    This report contains 119 abstracts of publication resulting from or closely related to geothermal environmental projects conducted by the Environmental Sciences Division at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. Publications are listed chronologically from 1975 through 1978. The main entries are numbered sequentially, and include the full citation, an abstract, and selected keywords. This section is followed by an author index, and a keyword index.

  7. FID Publications; An 80 Year Bibliography, 1895-1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Federation for Documentation, The Hague (Netherlands).

    This bibliography lists the 535 titles published between 1895 and 1975 by the International Federation for Documentation (FID). Citations are arranged chronologically by their FID accession numbers. For convenience, headings marking 5-year periods have been added. A selected list of unnumbered FID publications has been included. There are subject…

  8. Music Research in Inclusive School Settings: 1975 to 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jellison, Judith A.; Draper, Ellary A.

    2015-01-01

    A search for music research in inclusive music school settings (1975-2013) resulted in 22 descriptive and experimental studies that can be classified and coded according to settings, participants, research variables, measures of generalization, and effectiveness of the interventions. Half of the studies reported data from both students with…

  9. Soviet Developments in Material Science No. 1, January - June 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-11-30

    Lipatov, Yu. S., A. Ye. Nesterov, L. M. Sergeyeva, L. V. Karabanova, and T. D. Ignatova . Thermodynamics of mutually penetrating...sintered corundum versus its porosity. Problemy prochnosti, no. 1, 1975, 94-96. ^51, Ignatova , T. S., L. V. Uzberg and V. A. Perepelitsyn. Effect of a

  10. Public Attitudes toward the Apollo Space Program, 1965-1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krugman, Herbert E.

    1977-01-01

    Analyzes the decline in public support for the Apollo Space Program from 1965 to 1975 in spite of generally positive media coverage. Using data from 31 telephone surveys during the period, concludes that the Moon landing polarized both opponents and proponents and increased opposition because "there was nothing more to be done." (JMF)

  11. Seventy Years of Sex Education in "Health Education Journal": A Critical Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, Padmini; Aggleton, Peter

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines key debates and perspectives on sex education in "Health Education Journal" ("HEJ"), from the date of the journal's first publication in March 1943 to the present day. Matters relating to sexuality and sexual health are revealed to be integral to "HEJ'"s history. First published as Health…

  12. Aspectos da formação Profissional na escola de enfermagem Alfredo Pinto (1943-1949 Aspectos de la formación profesional en la Escuela de EnfermerÍa Alfredo Pinto (1943-1949 Aspects of the professional formation in the Alfredo Pinto Nursing School (1943-1949

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina do Nascimento Bessa

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available O objeto deste estudo é o acesso ao curso e as adaptações curriculares durante a reorganização do ensino profissional de enfermeiros e enfermeiras na Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto (EEAP, na primeira metade da gestão de Maria de Castro Pamphiro (1943- 1949. Objetivos: Identificar as formas e modos de acesso ao curso de enfermeiras e enfermeiros da Escola de Enfermagem Alfredo Pinto, no período de 1943 a 1949; e analisar o currículo nessa escola e suas adaptações frente às exigências de ensino teórico e prático na formação do enfermeiro, nesse período. Estudo histórico-social realizado de 2003 a 2005 e baseado em análise de documentos escritos do Arquivo Setorial da EEAP / UNIRIO e da literatura existente sobre o tema. Os resultados evidenciaram que a Diretora utilizou estratégias que foram além das exigidas pelo regulamento de 1942, para garantir o acesso ao curso de enfermagem e elevar a qualidade de ensino da EEAP aproximando seu currículo daquele que seria exigido pela Lei 775/49.El objetivo de este estudio es el acceso al curso y las adaptaciones curriculares durante la reorganización de la instrucción profesional de enfermeros y enfermeras en la Escuela de Enfermería Alfredo Pinto (EEAP, en la primera mitad de la gestión de Maria de Castro Pamphiro (1943-1949. Objetivos: Identificar las formas y modos de acceso al curso de enfermeras y enfermeros de la Escuela de Enfermería Alfredo Pinto, en el periodo de 1943 a 1949; y analizar el currículo en esa escuela y sus adaptaciones frente a las exigencias de enseñanza teórica y práctica en la formación del enfermero, en ese periodo. Estudio histórico-social realizado de 2003 al 2005 y basado en el análisis de documentos escritos del Arquivo Sectorial de la EEAP de la UNIRIO y de la literatura existente sobre el tema. Los resultados evidenciaron que Maria de Castro Pamphiro utilizó estrategias que fueron más allá de las exigidas por el reglamento de 1942

  13. Essential medicines: an overview of some milestones in the last forty years (1975-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Pagés

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite progress in the last four decades in terms of access to essential medicines, more than a third of the world population especially from the poorest countries have serious difficulties in accessing the medicines they need at an affordable price and with the right quality. Already in 1975 the 28th World Health Assembly discussed the need to set recommendations regarding selection and acquisition of medicines at reasonable prices and proven quality to meet national health needs. Consequently in 1977, the first WHO Model List of Essential Medicines was prepared by an expert committee. Since then, the list has been subjected to a series of updating and dissemination processes, together with discussion about the cost, patents and quality of medicines, as well as information on safety and effectiveness of each drug that is listed. The article addresses how this process has evolved from the beginning to present day.

  14. Plan Nacional de Desarrollo y Seguridad 1971-1975 (National Plan for Development and Security, 1971-1975).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boletin del Centro Nacional de Documentacion e Informacion Educativa, 1971

    1971-01-01

    This article discusses the education provisions established in the Argentine Plan for Development and Security (1971-1975). The statements on educational development call for a diagnostic study of the current cultural and educational situation, the establishment of objectives and strategies, goals for each level of education, steps for the…

  15. Collection and comparative analysis of 1888 full-length cDNAs from wild rice Oryza rufipogon Griff. W1943.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Tingting; Yu, Shuliang; Fan, Danlin; Mu, Jie; Shangguan, Yingying; Wang, Zixuan; Minobe, Yuzo; Lin, Zhixin; Han, Bin

    2008-10-01

    A huge amount of cDNA and EST resources have been developed for cultivated rice species Oryza sativa; however, only few cDNA resources are available for wild rice species. In this study, we isolated and completely sequenced 1888 putative full-length cDNA (FLcDNA) clones from wild rice Oryza rufipogon Griff. W1943 for comparative analysis between wild and cultivated rice species. Two cDNA libraries were constructed from 3-week-old leaf samples under either normal or cold-treated conditions. Homology searching of these cDNA sequences revealed that >96.8% of the wild rice cDNAs were matched to the cultivated rice O. sativa ssp. japonica cv. Nipponbare genome sequence. However, sequence. The comparative analysis showed that O. rufipogon W1943 had greater similarity to O. sativa ssp. japonica than to ssp. indica cultivars. In addition, 17 novel rice cDNAs were identified, and 41 putative tissue-specific expression genes were defined through searching the rice massively parallel signature-sequencing database. In conclusion, these FLcDNA clones are a resource for further function verification and could be broadly utilized in rice biological studies.

  16. Bibliography of environmental research: ecosystems department, 1952--1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vaughan, B E; Helbling, J. L.

    1975-12-01

    A bibliography of environmental research is presented which consists of items published between 1952 and mid-1975 by past and present staff members of the Ecosystems Dept., Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories. The material is arranged by alphabetical listing of author. Under each author, publications are listed chronologically by publication date in the categories of: journal articles, books, reports, and patents. No indexes are included. (LCL)

  17. A census of Gulf Stream rings, spring 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, P. L.; Worthington, L. V.; Cheney, R. E.

    1978-01-01

    During 1975 several shipboard expendable bathythermograph surveys plus satellite infrared imagery provided a nearly synoptic view of the distribution and number of Gulf Stream rings in the western North Atlantic. Twelve rings were identified; nine were cyclonic (cold core) rings and three were anticyclonic (warm core) rings. This is the largest number of rings ever observed during a short period of time (4 months). Evidence suggests that the mean movement of these rings was southwestward.

  18. Worldwide trends in blood pressure from 1975 to 2015

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linneberg, Allan René; Sørensen, Thorkild I.A.

    2017-01-01

    ·7 mm Hg (77·9-79·5) for men and 76·7 mm Hg (75·9-77·6) for women. Global age-standardised prevalence of raised blood pressure was 24·1% (21·4-27·1) in men and 20·1% (17·8-22·5) in women in 2015. Mean systolic and mean diastolic blood pressure decreased substantially from 1975 to 2015 in high...

  19. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, No. 21, July - September 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-15

    198. (RZhF, 6/75, 6D1317) 175. Vlokh , O. G. , L. F. Lutsiv-Shumskiy, A. M. Popel1, and I. V. Stasyuk (114). Transverse...rav ra"g•-•’)• AN SSSR. Sibirskoye otdelemye. Institut fiziki poluprovodnikov. Preprint, no. 26, Novosibirsk, 1174, 6 p. (KLDV, 6...ng atomic and molecular transitions^. AN SSSR. Fizicheskiy institut . Trudy, no. 31, 1975, 185 p. (LC) 541. Basov, N. G. , V

  20. The political-economic transition and the building of the welfare state in Spain (1975-1986

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo Llorente

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the economic policy in Spain during the govern- ments of the Spanish political transition from 1975 to 1986. It considers the different areas of economic policy with special emphasis on the development of welfare state issues in this period. Taking into account the difficult economic and political situation in 1975, there were some important advances in social policy and progressive taxation during the period. The transition to democracy in Spain changed the role and size of the public sector above all from 1975 to 1986. The social demands over the political system were possible improvements in the progressive and redistributive policies in education, health, and social programs. Spain’s transition to democracy and the first period of welfare state show a mutually reinforcing and its consequences were the modernization of the Spanish economy. However, from 1986 the economic develop- ment and the progress of welfare state have had a different growth.Key words: Welfare state, Economic transition, Spain.

  1. An Evaluation of Indonesian Capital Market Co-integration with ASEAN 4 to Enter the ASEAN Capital Market Integration in Accordance to ASEAN Economic Community (AEC 2020 Scheme: Should Indonesia Enter or Postpone?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barli Suryanta

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN Economic Community (AEC 2020 has already been declared on 7 October 2003 by ASEAN Concord II in Bali, Indonesia. In general, AEC was designed to prepare ASEAN countries for ASEAN economic integration within the next 10-15 year. ASEAN Free Trade  Area (AFTA  had  actually  been  launched since 1992 though was not comprehensive enough and kept ASEAN only partially integrated. To overcome it, ASEAN proposed  inancial  integration  through  capital market  integration based on AEC commitment in order to reach comprehensive ASEAN economic integration. Indonesia is one of the  ASEAN  members  that  is  linked  by AEC  2020.  The  purpose  of  this paper is to evaluate Indonesian capital market co-integration in entering the ASEAN capital market integration compared to those of ASEAN 4. To examine the notion of the Indonesian capital  market  integration  within ASEAN  region, cointegration model  is  utilised  to  igure out co-integration between Indonesian stock market indices and ASEAN 4, i.e., Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand. In addition, Vector Auto-regression (VAR model is also utilised to examine Indonesian market returns co-movement and dynamic link with ASEAN 4.  The  conclusions  of  this  research,  i.e.  co-integration  between  Indonesian  capital  market with  Singaporean,  Malaysian,  Philippines,  and  Thailand  does  not  exist;  there  is  neither co-movement  nor  strong  dynamic  link  between  Indonesian  capital  market  with  those  of Singaporean, Malaysian, Philippines, and Thailand. This paper also recommends Indonesia to postpone the integration of its capital market into the integrated ASEAN capital market. ";} // -->activate javascript

  2. Apertura y Eficiencia Productiva: La Industria Chilena, 1975-1988 Apertura y Eficiencia Productiva: La Industria Chilena, 1975-1988

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Román

    1993-03-01

    Full Text Available Apertura y Eficiencia Productiva: La Industria Chilena, 1975-1988 The results of Chile's profound economic liberalizations remain the subject of ongoing debate. Using the Total Factor Productivity approach (TFP; we review the industrial sector performance during the 1975-1988 period. Our analysis shows that greater competitiveness dictated by economic liberalization was not accomplished through technical change but, rather, through intensive factor use (1976-81, or extensive factor use (1984-88. After exhaustion of the "easy phase", new levels of productive efficiency necessitated technical innovation, that is, investment in equipment, training. and reorganization of productive processes. However, after the 1982-83 crisis, firms did not follow this path: previous financial stress and low wage costs determined a growth path based on extensive use of labor, thereby delaying technological modernization of the industrial sector.

  3. Trends in adult body-mass index in 200 countries from 1975 to 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damsgaard, Camilla Trab; Michaelsen, Kim F.; Molbo, Drude

    2016-01-01

    in all countries. METHODS: We analysed, with use of a consistent protocol, population-based studies that had measured height and weight in adults aged 18 years and older. We applied a Bayesian hierarchical model to these data to estimate trends from 1975 to 2014 in mean BMI and in the prevalences of BMI......BACKGROUND: Underweight and severe and morbid obesity are associated with highly elevated risks of adverse health outcomes. We estimated trends in mean body-mass index (BMI), which characterises its population distribution, and in the prevalences of a complete set of BMI categories for adults...... probability of meeting the target of halting by 2025 the rise in obesity at its 2010 levels, if post-2000 trends continue. FINDINGS: We used 1698 population-based data sources, with more than 19·2 million adult participants (9·9 million men and 9·3 million women) in 186 of 200 countries for which estimates...

  4. Urban Public Health: Is There a Pyramid?

    OpenAIRE

    Meirong Su; Bin Chen; Zhifeng Yang; Yanpeng Cai; Jiao Wang

    2013-01-01

    Early ecologists identified a pyramidal trophic structure in terms of number, biomass and energy transfer. In 1943, the psychologist Maslow put forward a pyramid model to describe layers of human needs. It is indicated that the pyramid principle is universally applicable in natural, humanistic and social disciplines. Here, we report that a pyramid structure also exists in urban public health (UPH). Based on 18 indicators, the UPH states of four cities (Beijing, Tokyo, New York, and London) ar...

  5. Apuntes sobre los discursos en Alberto Langlade como estudiante de Educación Física (1943- 1945)

    OpenAIRE

    Craviotto Corbellini, Agustina

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo aborda diferentes elementos que estructuran los discursos en Alberto Langlade durante el período de su formación como profesor de Educación Física (EF) desde 1943 a 1946. Es parte una indagación de mayor alcance, que pretende desplegar los sentidos de la enseñanza vinculados a la formación de profesores de Educación Física en el ámbito público, en el período 1945- 1966, ubicándonos en lo que Dogliotti (2009) denominó consolidación de la formación terciaria. La figura de Al...

  6. Ciência, saúde e desenvolvimento: a doença de Chagas no Brasil (1943-1962

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Petraglia Kropf

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Analisa o processo histórico de construção da doença de Chagas, descoberta em 1909, como entidade médica específica e problema de saúde pública no Brasil, focalizando a atuação de um posto de pesquisa do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, criado em 1943, no interior de Minas Gerais. Sugere que o trabalho realizado neste posto proporcionou um consenso básico para que a doença alcançasse legitimidade científica e social, e que os significados atribuídos à doença neste processo estiveram diretamente referidos aos debates sobre as relações entre ciência, saúde e desenvolvimento, no contexto da Segunda Guerra Mundial.

  7. Curculio Curculis lupus: biology, behavior and morphology of immatures of the cannibal weevil Anchylorhynchus eriospathae G. G. Bondar, 1943

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bená, Daniela de Cássia; Vanin, Sergio Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Weevils are one of the largest groups of living organisms, with more than 60,000 species feeding mostly on plants. With only one exception, their described larvae are typical plant-feeders, with mouthparts adapted to chewing plant material. Here we describe the second case of a weevil with early-instar larvae adapted to killing conspecifics. We have studied the life history of Anchylorhynchus eriospathae G. G. Bondar, 1943 (Curculioninae: Derelomini sensu Caldara, Franz & Oberprieler (2014)), a species whose immatures feed internally on palm flowers and fruits. We provide detailed descriptions of all immature stages, including the extremely modified first-instar larva. Unlike other weevils and later instars, this stage exhibits a flat body with very long ventropedal lobe setae, a large and prognathous head with a gula, and falciform mandibles, each with a serrate retinaculum, that are used to fight with and eventually kill other first-instar larvae. We also provide biological notes on all stages and the results of behavioral tests that showed that larval aggression occurs only among early life stages. Finally we show that adult size is highly dependent on timing of oviposition. This specialized killer first instar probably evolved independently from the one other case known in weevils, in Revena rubiginosa (Conoderinae: Bariditae sensu Prena, Colonnelli & Hespenheide (2014)). Interestingly, both lineages inhabit the same hosts, raising the possibility that both intra- and inter-specific competition shaped those phenotypes. Given the scarcity of knowledge on early larval stages of concealed insect herbivores, it is possible that our findings represent an instance of a much broader phenomenon. Our observations also allowed us to conclude that Anchylorhynchus eriospathae and A. hatschbachi G. G. Bondar, 1943 are actually the same species, which we synonymize here by considering the latter as a junior synonym (new synonymy). PMID:25101231

  8. A Sensitive Derivatization Method for the Determination of the Sugar Composition after Pre-column Reductive Amination with 3-Amino-9-ethylcarbazole (AEC) by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG, Ying; HUANG, Lin-Juan; WANG, Zhong-Fu

    2007-01-01

    3-Amino-9-ethylcarbazole (AEC) was employed for monosaccharide derivatization. The derivatives can be analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with an ultraviolet detection (wavelength: 254 nm).Monosaccharides were quantitatively derivatized with 3-amino-9-ethylcarbazole (AEC) at 70 ℃ for 60 min. The method was linear for all samples over the concentration range tested (r>0.999), the precision was found to be satisfactory (R.S.D.<3%), and the recovery ratios were >98.62%. The stability analysis showed R.S.D. Was between 1.81%-3.16%. Detection limits for the samples (D-glucose, L-xylose, D-mannose, L-arabinose, and L-rhamnose)ranged from 0.06 to 1.97 ng/mL (S/N=3). Under the optimized derivatization and HPLC conditions, five monosaccharides were well separated using a narrow bore C18 column (250 mm× 4.6 mm) with 0.1 mol/L ammonium acetate containing 25% acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min. As an application, the method has been successfully applied to the determination of monosaccharide compositions of three polysaccharides SPPA-1, SPPB-1 and SPPC- 1 of Spirulina platensis. This method also has potential application to oligosaccharide or glycan analyses.

  9. [Mortality in Chile 1955-1975: trends and causes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taucher, E

    1978-12-01

    Sources for data on mortality in Chile are available from the Instituto National de Estadistica, and from the Servicio National de Salud. For the purpose of this study every possible effort was made to get valid data, relying on the national death register, and on medical certificates of death. Between 1953 and 1963 the mortality rate was 12-13/1000; it abruptly descended in 1973, and rose again, to reach the level of 7.2/1000 in 1975. Male mortality is higher than female mortality. In the years 1974-1975 the mortality rate descended considerably for infants and for children 1-4. If one compares mortality rates in Chile and Sweden for 1975, it is obvious that modern medical technology and different sanitary conditions are responsible for the low mortality rate in Sweden. As to the causes of mortality, 9 diseases are responsible for more than 90% of deaths. During the past 15 years death from cancer was about 110/1000, while violent deaths and deaths by accidents augmented. The death rate for respiratory diseases decreased significantly in 1974-1975. In comparing causes of death in Chile and in the U.S. one notices that respiratory diseases, infectious diseases, and circulatory diseases account for a great number of deaths in Chile, while in the U.S. accidents account for 73.4% of deaths in the 15-24 year old group. Tuberculosis, which has almost disappeared in the U.S., accounts for 5% of deaths in Chile in the 15-44 year old group. Such differences are due to cultural, social and economic diversity in the structure of the 2 countries. Pneumonia still accounts for 50% of infant mortality, and malnutrition for about 39% of mortality of children under 5. Still, most causes of death, like diarrhea in children, could be avoided with proper diagnosis and treatment. Nutrition, sanitary conditions, medical attention, and socioeconomic conditions are finally responsible if Chilean mortality rates still are much higher than those of developed countries.

  10. Road Traffic Noise Exposure in Gothenburg 1975-2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikael Ögren

    Full Text Available Traffic noise exposure within a city varies over time and space. In this study, we developed a modified noise calculation method and used this method together with population and traffic data to estimate the time trend of noise exposure for the population in Gothenburg, Sweden, from 1975 to 2010. The noise calculation method was based on the standard Nordic method for road traffic noise with modifications using area-level statistics for population and building structures instead of precise geocoding of each inhabitant. Noise emission per vehicle was assumed to be constant over the period. The results show an increase in noise exposure over time. The number of inhabitants exposed at an equivalent level above 55 dB increased from 93000 to 146000 inhabitants between 1975 and 2010, and the percentage of the population exposed at this level increased from 22% to 29% over the same period. Traffic increase (1.4% per year and population increase/concentration (0.50% per year were approximately equally important factors behind this increase in exposure.

  11. Energy availabilities for state and local development: 1975 data volume

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mills, J.B.; Rice, P.L.; Vogt, D.P.

    1980-01-01

    The supply, demand, and net imports of seven fuel types of four final consuming sectors for Bureau of Economic Analysis Areas (BEAs), states, census regions, and the nation in 1975 are presented. The data are formatted to present regional energy availability from primary extraction as well as from regional transformation processes. Extensive tables depict energy balances between availability and use for each specific fuel. In keeping with the Metric Conversion Act of 1975, this volume is reported in joules rather than in Btu's. The objective of this series is to provide a consistent base of historic and projected energy information within a standard format. Such a framework should aid regional policymakers in their consideration of regional-growth issues that may be influenced by the regional energy system. For analysis of specific regions, however, this basic data should be supplemented by additional information which only the local policy analyst can bring to bear in his assessment of the energy conditions that characterize his region.

  12. Physical and other data from bottle and CTD casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 1975-05-15 to 1975-05-30 (NODC Accession 7601550)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Physical and other data were collected from bottle and CTD casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER from 15 May 1975 to 30 May 1975. Data were collected by the University of...

  13. Oceanographic Station Data and temperature profiles from XBT and bottle casts from the DOLPHIN as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) from 1975-12-03 to 1975-12-06 (NODC Accession 7600754)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station Data and temperature profiles were collected from XBT and bottle casts from the DOLPHIN from 03 December 1975 to 06 December 1975. Data were...

  14. Phytoplankton and other data from net and bottle casts in the Beaufort Sea from aircraft and other platforms as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 07 June 1975 to 30 September 1975 (NODC Accession 7601542)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Phytoplankton and other data were collected from net and bottle casts in the Beaufort Sea from aircraft and other platforms from 07 June 1975 to 30 September 1975....

  15. Marine animal sighting and census data from aircraft and other platforms as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 12 May 1975 to 22 August 1975 (NODC Accession 7601354)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Marine animal sighting and census data were collected from aircraft and other platforms from 12 May 1975 to 22 August 1975. Data were collected by the Institute of...

  16. Oceanographic Station Data and temperature profiles from bottle and XBT casts from the DOLPHIN as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) from 1975-08-31 to 1975-09-19 (NODC Accession 7600375)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station Data and temperature profiles were collected from bottle and XBT casts from the DOLPHIN from 31 August 1975 to 19 September 1975. Data were...

  17. Zooplankton and other data from net casts in Prince William Sound from NOAA Ship SURVEYOR as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 1975-10-03 to 1975-10-10 (NCEI Accession 7601873)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Zooplankton and other data were collected from net casts in Prince William Sound from the SURVEYOR from 03 October 1975 to 10 October 1975. Data were collected by...

  18. Marine bird sighting and other data from platforms in the Beaufort Sea as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 11 June 1975 to 05 September 1975 (NODC Accession 7601518)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Marine bird sighting and other data were collected from platforms in the Beaufort Sea from 11 June 1975 to 05 September 1975. Data were collected by the University...

  19. Marine bird land sighting and other data from platforms from Pribilof Island as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 23 June 1975 to 11 August 1975 (NODC Accession 7601386)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Marine bird land sighting and other data were collected from platforms from Pribilof Island from 23 June 1975 to 11 August 1975. Data were collected by the...

  20. Temperature profiles from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ and other platforms as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) project from 1975-06-22 to 1975-09-17 (NODC Accession 7500932)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profiles were collected from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ and other platforms from 22 June 1975 to 17 September 1975. Data were collected by Grace...

  1. Temperature profiles from XBT casts from the INGHAM as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) project from 1975-03-26 to 1975-03-27 (NODC Accession 7500244)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profiles were collected from XBT casts from the INGHAM from 26 March 1975 to 27 March 1975. Data were collected by the United States Coast Guard (USCG)...

  2. Temperature profiles from XBT casts from the DELTA SUD as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) project from 1975-02-09 to 1975-03-16 (NODC Accession 7500643)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profiles were collected from XBT casts from the DELTA SUD from 09 February 1975 to 16 March 1975. Data were collected by the Delta Steamship Co. as part...

  3. Current meter - direction and other data from FIXED PLATFORMS in support of the MESA PUGET SOUND/PSERP (MESA-PS) project from 03 September 1975 to 11 November 1975 (NODC Accession 7800018)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Current meter - direction and other data were collected from FIXED PLATFORMS from 03 September 1975 to 11 November 1975. Data were collected by the National Ocean...

  4. Current meter - direction and other data from FIXED PLATFORMS in support of the MESA New York Bight (MESA-NYB) project from 24 February 1975 to 01 May 1975 (NODC Accession 7700554)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Current meter - direction and other data were collected from FIXED PLATFORMS from 24 February 1975 to 01 May 1975. Data were collected by the National Ocean Service...

  5. Zooplankton and other data from net casts from NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 1975-11-12 to 1975-11-26 (NCEI Accession 7601620)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Zooplankton and other data were collected from net casts from NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN from 12 November 1975 to 26 November 1975. Data were collected by the...

  6. Zooplankton and other data from net casts in the Gulf of Alaska from the SURVEYOR as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 30 September 1975 to 24 October 1975 (NODC Accession 7601809)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Zooplankton and other data were collected from net casts in the Gulf of Alaska from the SURVEYOR from 30 September 1975 to 24 October 1975. Data were collected by...

  7. Oceanographic Station, temperature profiles, and other data from XBT and bottle casts from the DOLPHIN as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) from 1975-01-17 to 1975-04-10 (NODC Accession 7500672)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station, temperature profiles, and other data were collected from XBT and bottle casts from the DOLPHIN from 17 January 1975 to 10 April 1975. Data...

  8. Fish survey, fishing duration, and other data from net trawls in the Gulf of Alaska from the NORTH PACIFIC as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 03 May 1975 to 07 August 1975 (NODC Accession 7601886)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Fish survey, fishing duration, and other data were collected from net trawls in the Gulf of Alaska from the NORTH PACIFIC from 03 May 1975 to 07 August 1975. Data...

  9. Primary productivity, nutrients, and other data from bottle casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 1975-08-09 to 1975-08-28 (NCEI Accession 7601623)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Primary productivity, nutrients, and other data were collected from bottle casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER from 09 August 1975 to 28 August 1975. Data were collected...

  10. Primary productivity, nutrients, and other data from bottle casts from NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 1975-11-12 to 1975-11-26 (NCEI Accession 7601622)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Primary productivity, nutrients, and other data were collected from bottle casts from NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN from 12 November 1975 to 26 November 1975. Data were...

  11. Primary productivity, nutrients, and other data from bottle casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 1975-05-18 to 1975-06-20 (NODC Accession 7601624)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Primary productivity, nutrients, and other data were collected from bottle casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER from 18 May 1975 to 20 June 1975. Data were collected by...

  12. Primary productivity, nutrients, and other data from bottle casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 1975-10-21 to 1975-11-10 (NCEI Accession 7600841)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Primary productivity, nutrients, and other data were collected from bottle casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER from 21 October 1975 to 10 November 1975. Data were...

  13. Fish survey, fishing duration, and other data from helicopter in the Beaufort Sea as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 31 July 1975 to 22 September 1975 (NODC Accession 7601929)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Fish survey, fishing duration, and other data were collected from helicopter in the Beaufort Sea from 31 July 1975 to 22 September 1975. Data were submitted by the...

  14. Water physical and chemical data from current meter and bottle casts from the G.W. PIERCE as part of the Ocean Continental Shelf - Mid Atlantic (OCS - Mid Atlantic) project, 22 October 1975 - 31 October 1975 (NODC Accession 8200067)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Water physical and chemical data were collected using current meter and bottle casts from the G.W. PIERCE from October 22, 1975 to October 31, 1975. Data were...

  15. Benthic organism and other data from net casts from NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 1975-08-16 to 1975-10-20 (NCEI Accession 7601834)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Benthic organism and other data were collected from net casts from NOAA Ship MILLER FREEMAN from 16 August 1975 to 20 October 1975. Data were collected by the...

  16. Marine bird colony and other data from land platforms on St. George Island as part of the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 20 June 1975 to 08 August 1975 (NODC Accession 7700108)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Marine bird colony and other data were collected from land platforms on St. George Island from 20 June 1975 to 08 August 1975. Data were collected by the University...

  17. Fish survey, fishing duration, and other data from net trawls in the Gulf of Alaska from the NORTH PACIFIC as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 03 May 1975 to 07 August 1975 (NODC Accession 7601885)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Fish survey, fishing duration, and other data were collected from net trawls in the Gulf of Alaska from the NORTH PACIFIC from 03 May 1975 to 07 August 1975. Data...

  18. Fish survey, fishing duration, and other data from net trawls from the NORTH PACIFIC as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 25 April 1975 to 07 August 1975 (NODC Accession 7601822)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Fish survey, fishing duration, and other data were collected from net trawls from the NORTH PACIFIC from 25 April 1975 to 07 August 1975. Data were collected by the...

  19. Water physical and chemical data from current meter and bottle casts from the COLUMBUS ISELIN as part of the Ocean Continental Shelf - Mid Atlantic (OCS - Mid Atlantic) project, 27 October 1975 - 06 November 1975 (NODC Accession 7700454)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Water physical and chemical data were collected using current meter and bottle casts from the COLUMBUS ISELIN from October 27, 1975 to November 6, 1975. Data were...

  20. Zooplankton and other data from net casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 1975-08-15 to 1975-08-26 (NCEI Accession 7601521)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Zooplankton and other data were collected from net casts from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER from 15 August 1975 to 26 August 1975. Data were collected by the University of...

  1. 重庆大轰炸中的难民救济(1938-1943)%Refugee Relief Policy of Nationalist Government During Japan's Bombing Raid to Chongqing(1938-1943)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭刚

    2007-01-01

    1938年至1943年重庆大轰炸期间,国民政府实施了空袭难民救济.救济措施包括组建专门空袭救济机构、颁布救济法规、动员民间力量救济和奖励空袭救济人员.在具体的空袭救济中,政府组织人力物力财力收容、医治难民,并向难民发放急赈和小额贷款.国民政府的空袭救济具有阶段性、突发性、广泛性和慈善性的特点.空袭救济措施的实施一定程度上维护了难民的生命安全,解决了难民的生活问题,安定了民心和社会秩序,粉碎了日本妄图以炸迫降的阴谋,从而支持了中国长期抗战.但由于救济经费的不足、救济力量的有限以及救济措施的失当,国民政府的空袭救济效果相当有限.

  2. Fondements du discours propagandiste arabe de la Grande-Bretagne au Maghreb pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale (1939-1943 The Foundations of British Arabic Propaganda Speech in North Africa during World War II (1939-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fayçal Cherif

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The Second World War’s ramifications and the landing of the Anglo-Americans in North Africa (Torch brought out the antagonism between the powers of the Axis and the Allies. Apart from the military war, a second war including more horrible and complex elements than weapons had been declared by the different rival camps: the propaganda in the Arabic language initiated at the beginning by Germany and Italy and soon developed by Great Britain too (from 1939. It was an efficient and fearsome weapon to control the spirit of the Arab people’s opinion in general, especially that of the Maghrebians, who were often hostile to the British and French colonial policies in their regions. Certainly, radio programmes were preponderant as they were easily accessible but newspapers and leaflets were also used a lot in this psychological war. The subtleties and the impact of this British propaganda will be the subject of research. This article explains the mechanism, the structures, the aims and finally the impact of British propaganda in the Arabic language in North Africa between September 1939 and May 1943.

  3. 45 CFR 91.1 - What is the purpose of the Age Discrimination Act of 1975?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What is the purpose of the Age Discrimination Act... ASSISTANCE FROM HHS General § 91.1 What is the purpose of the Age Discrimination Act of 1975? The Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended, is designed to prohibit discrimination on the basis of age in programs...

  4. 45 CFR 90.1 - What is the purpose of the Age Discrimination Act of 1975?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What is the purpose of the Age Discrimination Act... ASSISTANCE General § 90.1 What is the purpose of the Age Discrimination Act of 1975? The Age Discrimination Act of 1975, as amended, is designed to prohibit discrimination on the basis of age in programs...

  5. Joint Public-Parochial Planning Councils. Final Report 1975-1976. Report No. 7702.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Research and Evaluation.

    This report briefly describes Philadelphia's Joint Public Parochial Planning Councils (JPC) project and presents an evaluation of the project's impact during the 1975-76 school year. The JPC project is intended to provide sustained interaction between the Philadelphia School District and the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. During 1975-76, 102 joint…

  6. Extreme Blazars Studied with Fermi-LAT and Suzaku: 1ES 0347-121 and Blazar Candidate HESS J1943+213

    CERN Document Server

    Tanaka, Y T; Finke, J; Cheung, C C; Dermer, C D; Kataoka, J; Bamba, A; Dubus, G; De Naurois, M; Wagner, S J; Fukazawa, Y; Thompson, D J

    2014-01-01

    We report on our study of high-energy properties of two peculiar TeV emitters: the "extreme blazar" 1ES 0347-121 and the "extreme blazar candidate" HESS J1943+213 located near the Galactic Plane. Both objects are characterized by quiescent synchrotron emission with flat spectra extending up to the hard X-ray range, and both were reported to be missing GeV counterparts in the Fermi-LAT 2-year Source Catalog. We analyze a 4.5 year accumulation of the Fermi-LAT data, resulting in the detection of 1ES 0347-121 in the GeV band, as well as in improved upper limits for HESS J1943+213. We also present the analysis results of newly acquired Suzaku data for HESS J1943+213. The X-ray spectrum is well represented by a single power law extending up to 25 keV with photon index 2.00+/-0.02 and a moderate absorption in excess of the Galactic value, in agreement with previous X-ray observations. No short-term X-ray variability was found over the 80 ks duration of the Suzaku exposure. Under the blazar hypothesis, we modeled th...

  7. El redescubrimiento del Germán Valdés pre-Tin Tan en XEJ Radio (1934-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Noriega Mendoza

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados del más reciente proyecto de investigación sobre la trayectoria artística del locutor Germán Valdés Castillo en XEJ Radio de Cd. Juárez, Chih. durante el periodo 1934-1943. Reportamos el primer spot publicitario conocido de Valdés como locutor y sus personajes y actuaciones inéditas, incluyendo evidencia de su periodo exploratorio en XEF y XEP. Se analiza la estructura del programa El Barco de la Ilusión de XEJ Radio en su segunda etapa de transmisión en vivo en la era Valdés (1940-1943, así como la cronología del encuentro Valdés-Miller en 1943. Presentamos el primer registro periodístico/publicitario conocido del personaje de Topillo, antecedente directo del pachuco Tin Tan, así como sus primeros sketches y se concluye que el famoso pachuco fue un personaje de surgimiento artístico tardío. Finalmente, se define la Tétrada 4583 para caracterizar las cuatro fechas más significativas de la carrera artístico-profesional de Germán Valdés en XEJ Radio y reportamos una referencia inédita relacionada con el nombre de Tin Tan.

  8. Radiochemistry Research: Progress Report, October 1, 1974 to September 30, 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, F. S.

    1975-01-01

    A major effort has been made this year to pursue details of the effects of the chlorofluoromethanes in the environment. The AEC report written in September, 1974, was revised and published as a review article in Reviews of Geophysics and Space Physics. A shorter description was published in the New Scientist in December, 1974. Three additional papers were published on the stratospheric chlorine problem. Testimony was provided at various hearings.

  9. Mortality of a cohort of workers in the styrene-butadiene polymer manufacturing industry (1943-1982)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matanoski, G.M.; Santos-Burgoa, C.; Schwartz, L. (Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD (USA))

    1990-06-01

    A cohort of 12,110 male workers employed 1 or more years in eight styrene-butadiene polymer (SBR) manufacturing plants in the United States and Canada has been followed for mortality over a 40-year period, 1943 to 1982. The all-cause mortality of these workers was low (standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 0.81) compared to that of the general population. However, some specific sites of cancers had SMRs that exceeded 1.00. These sites were then examined by major work divisions. The sites of interest included leukemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in whites. The SMRs for cancers of the digestive tract were higher than expected, especially esophageal cancer in whites and stomach cancer in blacks. The SMR for arteriosclerotic heart disease in black workers was significantly higher than would be expected based on general population rates. Employees were assigned to a work area based on job longest held. The SMRs for specific diseases differed by work area. Production workers showed increased SMRs for hematologic neoplasms and maintenance workers, for digestive cancers. A significant excess SMR for arteriosclerotic heart disease occurred only in black maintenance workers, although excess mortality from this disease occurred in blacks regardless of where they worked the longest. A significant excess SMR for rheumatic heart disease was associated with work in the combined, all-other work areas. For many causes of death, there were significant deficits in the SMRs.

  10. Mortality of a cohort of workers in the styrene-butadiene polymer manufacturing industry (1943-1982).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matanoski, G M; Santos-Burgoa, C; Schwartz, L

    1990-01-01

    A cohort of 12,110 male workers employed 1 or more years in eight styrene-butadiene polymer (SBR) manufacturing plants in the United States and Canada has been followed for mortality over a 40-year period, 1943 to 1982. The all-cause mortality of these workers was low [standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 0.81] compared to that of the general population. However, some specific sites of cancers had SMRs that exceeded 1.00. These sites were then examined by major work divisions. The sites of interest included leukemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in whites. The SMRs for cancers of the digestive tract were higher than expected, especially esophageal cancer in whites and stomach cancer in blacks. The SMR for arteriosclerotic heart disease in black workers was significantly higher than would be expected based on general population rates. Employees were assigned to a work area based on job longest held. The SMRs for specific diseases differed by work area. Production workers showed increased SMRs for hematologic neoplasms and maintenance workers, for digestive cancers. A significant excess SMR for arteriosclerotic heart disease occurred only in black maintenance workers, although excess mortality from this disease occurred in blacks regardless of where they worked the longest. A significant excess SMR for rheumatic heart disease was associated with work in the combined, all-other work areas. For many causes of death, there were significant deficits in the SMRs. PMID:2401250

  11. The elusive concept of 'internal objects' (1934-1943). Its role in the formation of the Klein Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinshelwood, R D

    1997-10-01

    The author traces a debate about the concept of 'internal objects' that took place between 1937 and 1943 at a time when a group of British analysts was forming around Melanie Klein. The debate is set within a complex of personal, group and organisational dynamics, which the paper makes a start on unravelling. The history of the British Psycho-Analytical Society at this time exemplifies Bion's notion of group schism. The events in the Society's history demonstrate defensive aspects of the interaction between the opposed groups, which support members against various anxieties. These include the stress of the work of analysis, but also in this instance the particular anxieties deriving from the collapse of psychoanalysis in Europe, the state of war of the country as a whole, and the death of Freud shortly after he came to London. This psychoanalytic anxiety/defence model clarifies some aspects of the debate about internal objects, and demonstrates the way in which these various anxieties and defences become organised around a scientific debate in a scientific society.

  12. World distribution of commercial energy consumption. [Period 1950-1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jacmart, M.C.; Arditi, M.; Arditi, I.

    1979-09-01

    Inequality in the world distribution of income has been widely studied. A related problem is the worldwide maldistribution of per capita energy consumption. This article examines trends in the international distribution of energy use over the period 1950 to 1975. Lorenz curves are used to show that during this 25-year period inequalities in energy consumption have decreaed slowly. Most of this redistribution has however occurred among countries in the top 30% of energy consumers. Of the remaining countries only China has significantly increased its per capita consumption. If China is excluded, 60% of the world's population accounts for only 10% of total world consumption. This imbalance has remained unaltered since 1950.

  13. Bibliographic Index of Soviet Military Books, 1975-1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-26

    Forces USSR -1975) croat Futriotic war I(i. viikov ,N. I . lDift Pirtt Sc ience~ to Conquer. (’I t’onava Nanuca- I, Ict ,) t nd ’-I . I oriooirs. Moscow...loov I k I nome r no i Raz/y i t fiv;a So)v et -,k i kh V oo ruiIzhe cnnv1,khI Ii I ( elt ii,. c 0 si D nlS i 1 Aca1d of Siginal s/BudennIvv. Lenin- or...Sta tes, in Ii wSvst em of, Soc I o-Pol iti cal Relations of Soci (ty . (MIesto I Rol Armi SWo iaI i ict ichios-kogo (Fosiidarstva v Sisteme Sotsial

  14. Safety and Environmental Protection Division. Progress report, January 1, 1974--December 31, 1975. [Radionuclides in Bikini foods during 1974 and 1975 and environmental monitoring data for BNL during 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1977-01-01

    Progress is reported in the analysis of food chain samples collected during 1974 and 1975 at the Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands for /sup 90/Sr, /sup 137/Cs, /sup 239/Pu, /sup 240/Pu, and /sup 241/Am remaining in the environment from the 1946-1958 nuclear tests. Data on levels of radioactivity in environmental samples and SO/sub 2/ and NO/sub x/ in air samples collected in the vicinity of Brookhaven National Laboratory during 1975 are reported. Samples of surface air, surface waters, ground water, sediments and biota from streams, soils, grass, and milk were analyzed. Abstracts of papers published during 1974 and 1975 are included. (CH)

  15. United States Air Force Statistical Digest, Fiscal Year 1975. 13th Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-04-15

    853 Israel 11 13 Canton Island. 11 4 Italy. 4,035 4,183 Chad, Republic Of. 25 5 Chile. 6 6 Columbia 10 10 Japan. 14,964 14,698 Costa Rica 1 1 Johnston... Drone ) Acceptances By Manu- facturer, By Month - FY 1975 (U) •••••• 28 - USAF Aircraft Procurement Programs By Fiscal Year Funding - FY 1973 And Prior...Through FY FY 1975 (U) •••••••••• 29 - USAF Guided Missile (Including Target Drone )Procurement Programs, By Fiscal Year Funding - FY 1975 And Prior

  16. De domesticatie van de computer in Nederland 1975-1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Veraart

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Dutch computer domestication, 1975-1990 A computer seems an indispensable tool among twenty-first century households. Computers however, did not come as manna from heaven. The domestication and appropriation of computers in Dutch households was a result of activities by various intermediary actors. Computers became household commodities only gradually. Technophile computer hobbyists imported the first computers into the Netherlands from the USA, and started small businesses from 1975 onwards. They developed a social network in which computer technology was made available for use by individuals. This network extended itself via shops, clubs, magazines, and other means of acquiring and exchanging computer hard- and software. Hobbyist culture established the software-copying habits of private computer users as well as their ambivalence to commercial software. They also made the computer into a game machine. Under the impulse of a national policy that aimed at transforming society into an ‘Information Society’, clubs and other actors extended their activities and tailored them to this new agenda. Hobby clubs presented themselves as consumer organizations and transformed into intermediary actors that filled the gap between suppliers and a growing group of users. They worked hard to give meaning to (proper use of computers. A second impulse to the increasing use of computers in the household came from so-called ‘private-PC’ projects in the late 1980s. In these projects employers financially aided employees in purchasing their own private PCs’. The initially important intermediary actors such as hobby clubs lost control and the agenda for personal computers was shifted to interoperability with office equipment. IBM compatible PC’s flooded the households. In the household the new equipment blended with the established uses, such as gaming. The copying habits together with the PC standard created a risky combination in which computer viruses

  17. PENELITIAN VEKTOR MALARIA YANG DILAKUKAN OLEH INSTITUSI KESEHATAN TAHUN 1975-1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santyo Kirnowardoyo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the ecology of Anopheles aconitus, An.sundaicus, An. balabacensis and An. punctulatus group were carried out in the year of 1975-1990. The results were found useful to support malaria control programme. Studies on other species of malaria vectors revealed limitted results. Based on the results of these studies, simple methods of vector control which could be done through community participation, could be formulated. Therefore, in malarious areas in Java and Bali where An. aconitus and An. sundaicus are the main vectors, residual house sprayings could be minimized or even stopped. On the other hand health education to motivate community participation on vector control and survaillance should be intensified by the programme, to keep the malaria transmission under control. Study on the ecology of An. balabacensis was carried out only in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan. The result showed that the effectivity of malaria transmission by An. balabacensis was very high. Residual sprayings by DDT were still effective to control malaria incidence in this area. Studies on the ecology of An. punctulatus groups were done by NAMRU-2 but the results will not be discussed here. Studies on the ecology of other species of malaria vector were still needed, especially in the Easten part of Indonesia and at the Borders betwen Indonesia and neighboring countries.

  18. DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge Narrative report for FY 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  19. Narrative report: San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge Complex: Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge Complex outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. Wildlife- including...

  20. 1975 : Waterfowl Production Surveys, Canada Goose Nesting Data [for Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report on waterfowl production for Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge during 1975 may cover species count, broods, bird nesting, predators and waterfowl...

  1. Water Management Report : Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge : Calendar year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes water management on Benton Lake NWR during 1975. Part I of the report covers water quantity, water quality, marsh vegetation, and flood...

  2. Special Data Collection System (SDCS) event report, Southern Sinkiang Province, 27 October 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hill, K.J.; Dawkins, M.S.; Baumstark, R.R.; Gillespie, M.D.

    1976-01-13

    A report is given of seismic data from the Special Data Collection System (SDCS) and other sources for the Southern Sinkiang Province event on 27 October 1975. Published epicenter information from seismic observations is given.

  3. Presquile National Wildlife Refuge: Annual narrative report: July through December 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Presquile National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from July through December, 1975. The report begins by...

  4. Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge : Narrative Report : July to December 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the July to December 1975. The report begins by...

  5. Valley City Wetland Management District: Annual narrative report: Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Valley City Wetland Management District during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by giving a description of the area, status of the...

  6. Quivira National Wildlife Refuge Narrative report: July 1, 1974 to June 30, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Quivira National Wildlife Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  7. Summary : Cooperative whooping crane tracking project : Fall 1975 to spring 1989

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Summary of the whooping crane tracking project for fall 1975 to spring 1989. The Project involves the following activities: (a) distribution of Pre­Migration Notices...

  8. Narrative report [for] Devils Lake Wetland Management District: July 1, 1974 through June 30, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Devils Lake Wetland Management District outlines District accomplishments for the fiscal year of 1975. The report begins by giving a brief...

  9. Field observations on Unimak Island, Alaska, 11-25 August 1975: Field report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes the observations of a two week reconnaissance of Unimak Island from 11 August-25 August, 1975. The primary objectives were to do a preliminary...

  10. A National Survey of Medical School Obstetrics and Gynecology Departments, 1965 to 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spellacy, William N.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    Representatives of 108 departments of obstetrics and gynecology completed a written questionnaire in 1976 designed to assess the changes that had occurred in the teaching resources of the departments for the years 1965, 1970, and 1975.

  11. NASA's university program: Active grants and research contracts, fiscal year 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    Active university research projects for Fiscal Year 1975 are reported by state, and foreign country. Cross indexes by: (1) grant/contract number; (2) field of science and engineering; (3) technical officer location; and (4) RTOP are included.

  12. Thermal effects on aquatic organisms. Annotated bibliography of the 1975 literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coutant, C.C.; Talmage, S.S.; Carrier, R.F.; Collier, B.N.; Dailey, N.S. (comps.)

    1976-10-01

    Abstracts are presented of 716 papers published during 1975 concerning thermal effects on aquatic organisms. Indexes are included for author, subject category, geographic location, toxon, title, and keywords. (CH)

  13. Annual Narrative Long Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex Fiscal Year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Long Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by...

  14. Distribution and abundance of breeding seabirds in Chiniak and southern Marmot Bays, Kodiak Island, Alaska, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — A census survey of breeding seabirds was conducted by boat and airplane in Chiniak and southern Marmot Bays, Kodiak Island, Alaska, from 15 June to 14 August 1975. A...

  15. On the Development of the Mozambican School System during the Years 1975-1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asunta, Tuula; Soverano, Antuia

    1999-01-01

    Describes the development of the educational system in Mozambique since the country's independence in 1975. Addresses administrative and supervisory structure, primary education, pre-university school and adult education, teacher education, and current reform programs. (WRM)

  16. Annual Narrative Report. Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge: Fiscal year 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge summarizes refuge activities for fiscal year 1975. The report begins with a summary of weather...

  17. Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge: Annual narrative report: July 1 - December 31, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge outlines Refuge accomplishments from July through December of 1975. The report begins by...

  18. Narrative report Benson Wetland Management District: July 1, 1974 - June 30, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Benson Wetlands Management District outlines District accomplishments from July of 1974 to June of 1975. The report begins by...

  19. Consultation and cooperation in NATO: nuclear planning, 1975-1987

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chernoff, F.B.

    1987-01-01

    This study looks at three types of explanation of international cooperation, which deal in different ways with communication and consultation. Themost-general theoretical explanation contrasts recent realist theories, like those of Waltz and Gilpin, with Keohane's functional theory of regimes. Secondly, the study looks at theories of information flow and processing (an element of consultation) within the alliance, like those of Deutsch and Steinbruner. Such theories explain governmental behavior using concepts like equilibrium of systems and feedback loop. Third, the study considers hypotheses that deal specifically with NATO and military alliances. The hypotheses relate alliance consultation processes to the cooperativeness of the cases' outcomes. Evidence is drawn from case studies of NATO decision-making. The cases include politically sensitive deployment issues, like the enhanced radiation warhead controversy in 1977-78 and the intermediate-range nuclear force deployment decision in 1979, and important, but less politically volatile arms-control decisions, including the 1975 option three proposal, the French plan for a conference on disarmament in Europe, approved in 1980, and the 1987 American zero-zero proposal on short- and intermediate-range nuclear forces in Europe.

  20. Accidental deaths caused by electricity in Sweden, 1975-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindström, Richard; Bylund, Per-Olof; Eriksson, Anders

    2006-11-01

    This study analyzes accidental fatalities caused by electricity--at work and during leisure time--to evaluate risk factors, the role of alcohol, and to identify possible preventive strategies. In Sweden, data on fatalities by electrocution from 1975 through 2000 were collected from the National Cause-of-Death Register. Additional cases were found in the archives of The Swedish National Electrical Safety Board. Suicides and deaths by lightning were excluded. Two hundred and eighty-five deaths were found, including occupational (n=132), leisure time (n=151), and unknown (n=2). Most deaths were caused by aerial power lines, and the most common place for an electrical injury was a railway area or residential property. Postmortem blood from 20% (n=47) of the tested cases was found positive for alcohol, and these persons were killed mainly during leisure time. During the study period, the overall incidence of electricity-related fatalities has decreased, in spite of increased use of electricity. This indicates that safety improvements have been successful.

  1. “The Black Man in the White Man’s Court”: Mandela at Wits University, South Africa, 1943-1949

    OpenAIRE

    Ramoupi, Neo Lekgotla Laga

    2016-01-01

    Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was 24 years old when he enrolled for his Bachelor of Law (LLB) degree at the University of Witwatersrand (Wits) in Johannesburg, South Africa at the beginning of 1943. Mandela was the only African in the Law Faculty at Wits and suffered racism from both the white student body and faculty during the years he spent in pursuit of this degree. On July 20, 2015, Professor Bruce Murray of Wits presented a paper entitled “Nelson Mandela and Wits University”3 that the Sunda...

  2. Avisos publicitarios y Revolución de Mayo en la prensa gráfica. El Día, 1943-1958.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo O. Quinteros.

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the advertising associated with the celebration of the Revolution of May 25, 1810 as a form of discourse that tries to sell and also influence the reader by using the newspaper as a strategic vehicle. These ads analyzed were published in the daily newspaper, El Día, of La Plata (Argentina between 1943 and 1958. The exercise shows that during this period there was a variety of advertising discourses that, by referring to values associated with the Revolution, suggest particular political interests in accord with the changing historical context.

  3. Ingeniería y Estado: la red nacional de caminos y las obras públicas en la Argentina, 1930-1943

    OpenAIRE

    Ballent,Anahi

    2008-01-01

    Analiza la acción de la Dirección Nacional de Vialidad (DNV) dentro del Ministerio de Obras Públicas de Argentina al inicio de su desarrollo, entre 1932 y 1943, enfatizando la formación de una burocracia técnica de ingenieros y las distintas representaciones, técnicas y políticas, construidas alrededor del ingeniero. La hipótesis considera que la constitución de la DNV marcó un momento culminante y un punto de inflexión en la injerencia de la ingeniería como campo científico y profesional en ...

  4. Rupture Process of the 1969 and 1975 Kurile Earthquakes Estimated from Tsunami Waveform Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ioki, Kei; Tanioka, Yuichiro

    2016-12-01

    The 1969 and 1975 great Kurile earthquakes occurred along the Kurile trench. Tsunamis generated by these earthquakes were observed at tide gauge stations around the coasts of the Okhotsk Sea and Pacific Ocean. To understand rupture process of the 1969 and 1975 earthquakes, slip distributions of the 1969 and 1975 events were estimated using tsunami waveform inversion technique. Seismic moments estimated from slip distributions of the 1969 and 1975 earthquakes were 1.1 × 1021 Nm ( M w 8.0) and 0.6 × 1021 Nm ( M w 7.8), respectively. The 1973 Nemuro-Oki earthquake occurred at the plate interface adjacent to that ruptured by the 1969 Kurile earthquake. The 1975 Shikotan earthquake occurred in a shallow region of the plate interface where was not ruptured by the 1969 Kurile earthquake. Further, like a sequence of the 1969 and 1975 earthquakes, it is possible that a great earthquake may occur in a shallow part of the plate interface a few years after a great earthquake that occurs in a deeper part of the same region along the trench.

  5. The differences of BDNF and NT-3 gene expression of the amnion epithelial cells (AECs) from pregnancy rats%大鼠羊膜上皮细胞神经营养因子基因的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董智勇; 李忱; 陈东; 孟晓婷; 李玉林

    2009-01-01

    目的 建立胚胎不同时期羊膜上皮细胞(AECs)表达脑源性神经营养因子(BDNF)与神经营养素-3(NT-3)mRNA的时相图,找出AECs分泌BDNF、NT-3的最佳时期.方法 采用实时荧光定量PCR检测胚胎不同时期(11,13,17,21 d)AECs中BDNF与NT-3 mRNA的表达差异.结果 绘制出大鼠AECs中BDNF、NT-3的基因表达差异时程图:BDNF的表达随着胚胎发育持续上调,至17 d达到最高,然后其表达开始下调;NT-3的表达在13 d达到最高,然后开始下调.结论 初步确定13~17 d是大鼠AECs分泌BDNF、NT-3的最佳时期.

  6. Formerly utilized MED/AEC sites Remedial Action Program: radiological survey of the Bayo Canyon, Los Alamos, New Mexico. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mayfield, D L; Stoker, A K; Ahlquist, A J [comps.

    1979-06-01

    A portion of Bayo Canyon, located in Los Alamos County in north-central New Mexico, was used between 1944 and 1961 as a site for experiments employing conventional high explosives in conjunction with research on nuclear weapons development. Radiochemistry operations conducted at the site resulted in the generation of liquid and solid radioactive wastes, which were disposed into subsurface pits and leaching fields. The site was decommissioned by 1963. The resurvey utilized information from a number of routine and special environmental surveillance studies as well as extensive new instrumental measurements, soil sampling, and radiochemical analyses. Results showed that residual surface contamination due to /sup 90/Sr averaged about 1.4 pCi/g or approximately 3 times the level attributable to worldwide fallout. Surface uranium averaged about 4.9 ..mu..g/g or about 1.5 times the amount naturally present in the volcanic-derived soils of the area. Subsurface contamination associated with the former waste disposal locations is largely confined within a total area of about 10,000 m/sup 2/ and down to depths of about 5 m. Of 378 subsurface samples, fewer than 12% exceeded 13 pCi/g of gross beta activity, which is comparable to the upper range of activities for uncontaminated local soils. Health physics interpretation of the data indicates that the present population of Los Alamos living on mesas adjacent to Bayo Canyon is not receiving any incremental radiation doses due to the residual contamination. Potential future land uses of Bayo Canyon include development of a residential area.

  7. Idaho Chemical programs annual technical report, fiscal year 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buckham, J.A.; Bower, .R.; Struhs, R.T. (eds.)

    1976-06-01

    The operating experience in fuel processing, waste calcining, and other waste management activities at the ICPP for FY 1975 is summarized. A campaign of coprocessing zirconium and aluminum fuels to recover uranium, the second electrolytic processing campaign to convert recovered and purified uranyl nitrate solution to UO/sub 3/, and four operating periods of the Rare Gas Plant to recover /sup 85/Kr and xenon were successfully completed, with all systems functioning well except for minor difficulties. Support activities include laboratory-scale stability studies of various waste blends; particle size distribution studies of the ICPP stack; evaluation of possible remote radiation measuring methods; tests to estimate corrosion; treatment of fuel storage basin water; progress in development of processes for Rover and HTGR fuels; laboratory testing of filters that deteriorated during the sixth waste calcining campaign; visual inspection of the primary calciner vessel; tests to determine what causes ruthenium to volatilize; various studies in support of future fluidized-bed calcining operations; other waste management activities including studies of the collection and long-term storage of /sup 85/Kr, development of a suitable absorbent for /sup 129/I (I/sub 2/); and continuing studies in support of the proposed INEL facility for treating transuranic wastes. Research programs in other areas include: determining burnup for fast breeder reactor fuels, continued study of the iodine pathway, development of a fluidized-bed heat exchanger for use with geothermal waters, and involvement in the study of the natural fossil fission reactor at the Oklo mine in Gabon, West Africa.

  8. Most French back 1975 abortion law; birthrate decline worries many.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    A survey by the Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques based on a nationally representative sample of 2540 people showed that 57% found the declining trend in France's birth rate to be undesirable and 59% felt the government should take measures to halt the decline. 75% believe that increased child allowances would stimulate families to have more children and 75% said they would not object to the government's paying a salary to a mother of 3 who would stay home with them until the youngest was 15. Respondents mentioned the following measures as most likely to stimulate a mother of 2 to have a third child: 1) guaranteeing reinstatement to old job after extended maternity leave (83%); 2) more part-time work (78%); 3) increasing family allowances (75%); 66% felt that the 1975 abortion law should be maintained in its present form or liberalized. Another survey, carried out in February 1979 by the women's magazine "Elle", on a nationally representative sample of 1250 French men and women aged 18 to 50, revealed considerable ambivalence about contraception. 62% of respondents found it acceptable for their teenage daughters to use the pill, but 38% felt that modern contraception encourages precocious sexual activity among teenagers. 80% felt that birth control responsibility should be shared by the couple, but only 30% discussed it with their partners. 47% felt that teenagers were not given enough information on contraception, 56% felt that men were inadequately informed, and 46% felt that women were inadequately informed. 1/2 felt that the French are having fewer children because of the difficulties of modern life.

  9. Epidemic Characteristics of Rabies in Chongqing, 1975- 2010%1975-2010年重庆市狂犬病流行特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖达勇; 熊宇; 夏宇; 李勤; 龙江; 赵寒; 易娟; 戚小东; 马颖; 陈熙

    2011-01-01

    Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and epidemiological factors of rabies in Chongqing Province during 1975 -2010, and discuss the future prevention and control strategies of this disease. Methods Data about epidemic situation reports and epidemiological individual information was used to construct database by using Epidata, and comprehensively analyzed by using Epi info software. Results Totally 1 318 rabies cases were reported with none survived. The annual reported incidence rate of was 0. 34/105 (0-0. 62/105) , with the death rate of 0. 33/105 (0 - 0. 62/105) and fatality rate of 100%. The disease occurred in nearly 90% of districts in all the 40 districts/counties in chongqing. Among all the cases, the male to female ratio was 2. 33 : 1; cases were aged from 1 to 93 years; adult farmers accounted most (58. 7% ) ; and more than 85% of cases happened in rural areas. Considering the cause of rabies, dogs hurting people covered only 98. 1% , with 95. 6% of dogs having no immune history. No one could protect himself by flushing, sterilizing, accepting vaccination and the injection of antiserum or manmade immunoglobulin in the same time after exposure. Conclusion The rabies in Chongqing existed two distinct prevalent peaks, andincidence peaked in Summer and Autumn. In recent years , the epidemic was significantly faster, with the scope expanded. Rabies prevention and control should take comprehensive measures, and legislation as soon aspossible, with the management and supervision from specific agencies or departments. Health education and promotion should be carried out to enhance the awareness of people about taking remidial measures after exposure , to reduce or remit the post - exposure vaccination and other related costs as much as possible, increase the acceptability.%目的 分析重庆市1975 -2010年狂犬病流行特征及流行因素,探讨今后的防控策略.方法 结合疫情报告资料和流行病学个案信

  10. [A look through the Mexican Department of Health's film archive].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gudiño Cejudo, María Rosa

    2012-03-01

    Since the late 1920s, cinema has been a popular tool in health education in Mexico; over the years, it functioned as an efficient means of propaganda through which the State and public health authorities promoted their projects and re-created the image of a healthy, modern country on screen. The article presents the results of an effort to recover and catalogue the Mexican Department of Health's film archive, an endeavor that allowed for the reconstruction of a list of national and international films screened and produced in Mexico from 1943 to 1960, especially from the United States.

  11. Notas históricas e índices generales (1943-1994 de la revista zoológica española “Graellsia”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanchiz, B.

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available A brief historical introduction of the Spanish zoological journal “Graellsia”, and the general thematic indexes for its first 50 volumes (1943-1994 are presented. The indexes that have been compiled include exhaustive lists of the authors, genera, families, new taxa, Spanish and Portugese provinces, islands, and political countries, as mentioned in the 821 published articles. More than 6.800 genera, including synonyms, have been indexed, and represent a large fraction of the known Spanish fauna.

    Se presentan, junto a una breve introducción histórica, los índices temáticos de los primeros 50 volúmenes de la revista zoológica española “Graellsia”, correspondientes al periodo 1943-1994. Los índices incluyen una relación exhaustiva de los autores, géneros, familias, nuevos taxones, provincias (españolas y portuguesas, islas y países mencionados en los 821 artículos publicados. Los más de 6.800 géneros indexados, incluyendo sinónimos, abarcan una parte considerable de la fauna española conocida.

  12. Evaluation of Brazilian biotechnology patent activity from 1975 to 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dias, F; Delfim, F; Drummond, I; Carmo, A O; Barroca, T M; Horta, C C; Kalapothakis, E

    2012-08-01

    The analysis of patent activity is one methodology used for technological monitoring. In this paper, the activity of biotechnology-related patents in Brazil were analyzed through 30 International Patent Classification (IPC) codes published by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). We developed a program to analyse the dynamics of the major patent applicants, countries and IPC codes extracted from the Brazilian Patent Office (INPI) database. We also identified Brazilian patent applicants who tried to expand protection abroad via the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). We had access to all patents published online at the INPI from 1975 to July 2010, including 9,791 biotechnology patent applications in Brazil, and 163 PCTs published online at World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) from 1997 to December 2010. To our knowledge, there are no other online reports of biotechnology patents previous to the years analyzed here. Most of the biotechnology patents filed in the INPI (10.9%) concerned measuring or testing processes involving nucleic acids. The second and third places belonged to patents involving agro-technologies (recombinant DNA technology for plant cells and new flowering plants, i.e. angiosperms, or processes for obtaining them, and reproduction of flowering plants by tissue culture techniques). The majority of patents (87.2%) were filed by nonresidents, with USA being responsible for 51.7% of all biotechnology patents deposited in Brazil. Analyzing the resident applicants per region, we found a hub in the southeast region of Brazil. Among the resident applicants for biotechnology patents filed in the INPI, 43.5% were from São Paulo, 18.3% were from Rio de Janeiro, and 9.7% were from Minas Gerais. Pfizer, Novartis, and Sanofi were the largest applicants in Brazil, with 339, 288, and 245 biotechnology patents filed, respectively. For residents, the largest applicant was the governmental institution FIOCRUZ (Oswaldo Cruz

  13. [An international medical expert committee's participation in uncovering the truth on the liquidation of Polish officers found in mass graves at Katyn in the spring of 1943 and the biography of a Danish participant, Helge Tramsen (1910-1979)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosdahl, Nils

    2008-01-01

    The article is based on a paper read as a invited speaker at a conference, entitled "Medical experts and expertise in cases of humanitarian crises "convened by the University of Geneva and the Committee of the International Red Cross in April 2007. The article starts with an overview of Polish history from the end of World War I up to the disclosure of the mass graves in the spring of 1943, but is otherwise a translation of the original English lecture with some additions from new findings.in archives. Helge tramsen was born into a bourgois family in Copenhagen. After graduation in medicine from the University of Copenhegen in 1936 he married a British woman and joined the naval medical corps and also embarked on a surgical career.. From 1940 to 1943 he was prosector at the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Copenhagen. After the finding of the mass graves at Katyn, Germany requested from a number of European countries under German control forensic experts to join an international commission to investigate the findings. As the professor of forensic medicine declined perobably due to health reasons Tramsen was sent. During the German occupation of Denmark 1940 to 1945 Tramsen according to family tradition participated in the resistance movement and he consulted with members of the more conservative part of it and was recommended to go to Germany with an added purpose of being able to transport material out of Germany. He went with special plane from Copenhagen to Berlin, where he joined the international group, which later flew to Smolensk via Warszawa. He conducted a post mortem on the body of a Polish officer, selected by himself. Following that he attended in the discussion on the final report, which later in Berlin was handed over to the German minister of health, and which later formed an important part of the official German material accusing the USSR for the killing. During his stay in Berlin he claimed to have collected material, which in

  14. Trends in the aetiology of facial fractures in the south of Ireland (1975-1993).

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Carroll, S M

    2012-02-03

    An aetiological review of 332 patients with facial fractures seen in a 1 year period (1993) was carried out and compared to a similar study of 266 patients, performed in this unit in 1975. Males predominated in both years. Two thirds of fractures occurred in the second and third decades. Road traffic accident (RTA) related facial fractures decreased from 27% of the total in 1975 to 17% in 1993. Assault related facial fractures increased from 18% of the total in 1975 to 27% in 1993. In both study periods nasal fractures were the most common facial fracture seen and sport was the most common cause of facial fracture. The number of patients undergoing surgery increased from 67% of the total to 79% over the same period.

  15. Interculturalidade e literatura de almanaques: o caso do almanaque Abril (1975-2006 - Interculturality and literature of almanacs: the case of almanaque Abril (1975-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateus H. F. Pereira

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo No presente texto, procuramos refletir sobre a interculturalidade lançando o olhar para uma publicação que pode ser considerada um dos maiores sucessos editoriais do mercado brasileiro contemporâneo: o Almanaque Abril (1975-2006. Conforme mostraremos, a literatura de almanaque nos parece ser uma fonte privilegiada para a apreensão de certas “culturas híbridas”, uma vez que sua própria definição é caracterizada pelo hibridismo. Palavras-chave: literatura de almanaques; hibridação; Almanaque Abril.   INTERCULTURALITY AND LITERATURE OF ALMANACS: THE CASE OF ALMANAQUE ABRIL (1975-2006 Abstract In this present text we want to reflect about the interculturality, analyzing one publication, the Almanaque Abril (1975-2006, that could be considered one of the most editorials success of Brazilian contemporary market, because it sold approximately 100 thousands almanacs per year, between 1975 and 2006. As we will say, the almanac literature seems to be a privileged source to get some "hybrid cultures", because this type of literature is for definition hybrid. Keywords: Almanac literature; hybridization; Almanaque Abril.   INTERCULTURALIDAD Y LITERATURA DE ALMANAQUES: EL CASO DEL ALMANAQUE ABRIL (1975-2006 Resumen En el presente texto, procuramos reflexionando sobre la interculturalidad lanzando una mirada para una publicación que puede ser considerada uno de los mayores sucesos editoriales del mercado brasilero contemporáneo: el Almanaque Abril (1975-2006. Conforme mostraremos, la literatura de almanaque nos parece ser una fuente privilegiada para la aprensión de ciertas “culturas híbridas”, una vez que su propia definición es caracterizada pelo hibridismo. Palabras clave: literatura de almanaques; hibridación; Almanaque Abril.   INTERCULTURALITÉ ET LITTÉRATURE D’ALMANACH: LE CAS DE L’ALMANACH AVRIL (1975-2006 Résumé Dans cet texte, on a cherché à réfléchir à l’interculturalité tout en observant une

  16. A summary of biospheric research 1975-1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edlund, O.; Bergstroem, U.; Hallberg, B.; Karlsson, Sara [Studsvik Eco and Safety AB, Nykoeping (Sweden)

    1999-12-01

    The aim of this study is to present a summary of the work performed within the frame of SKB's biosphere programme during 1975 - 1997. The studies focused on field studies and theoretical model development. Important problems identified during this time period are pointed out. Summaries of the biospheric parts of the safety analyses performed since 1977 are given. Models are described as well as basic assumptions. Already the first analysis had an overall approach including dispersion from local to global zones with multiple exposure pathways. Compartment models have been used whereby the rate constants in the first assessments were mostly based on observed redistribution of radionuclides in nature. During the years emphasis has been laid on the description of processes mathematically and additional processes have been included in the models. In general, standard biospheres with constant environmental conditions were applied with focus on releases of radionuclides to wells, lakes and coastal areas. Drinking water has shown to be an important exposure pathway but not always the dominant one. Some screening calculations performed showed that peat bogs may be important recipients when doses to humans are concerned. The field studies initially focused on the naturally existing isotopes of U and Ra. A lot of studies were performed to gain data concerning the levels of these radionuclides in soils and waters. The studies also obtained information about back-ground values and the distribution between various biospheric components which was used to support model assumptions. A special sampling programme with the purpose to outline influence of drying up of lakes on the dose to individuals of critical group was also performed. The dose calculations showed that the doses could increase two orders of magnitude for immobile elements when the lake had dried up. Investigations of the natural abundance of radionuclides in soil and flora were performed later. After the

  17. Saltwater intrusion in the Floridan aquifer, coastal Citrus and Hernando Counties, Florida, 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, L.R.; Ryder, Paul D.

    1977-01-01

    The coastal parts of Citrus and Hernando Counties, Fla., are undergoing extensive urban development along U.S. Highway 19. The Floridan aquifer, a thick sequence of limestone and dolomite , is the principal source of water supply for the coastal parts of these two counties. The construction of canals that penetrate the Floridan aquifer, deficient rainfall during 1964-75, and pumping of ground water, have caused saltwater to intrude the aquifer. A map shows the inland extend of that intrusion as of 1975. The report is based on field data collected in 1964, 1973, and 1975. (Woodard-USGS)

  18. À propos de Pierre Brossolette, 'Hommage au général de Gaulle', Résistance, 2 mars 1943

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Publié sous le pseudonyme de Pierre Braud, au tout début du mois de mars 1943 dans le journal clandestin de zone nord Résistance cet article de Pierre Brossolette a pour objectif de présenter le général de Gaulle aux Français. Pour la plupart de ces femmes et de ces hommes soumis aux rigueurs de l'Occupation, le Général n'est encore qu'une voix. Il s'agit donc d'" incarner " cette voix avant de plaider pour l'union de toutes et de tous derrière l'homme du 18 Juin. Et ce, alors qu'à Alger, ave...

  19. De la enseñanza a la ciencia del derecho: biografía colectiva de juristas españoles (1857-1943)

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Martín, Sebastián

    2009-01-01

    En las presentes líneas se presenta en toda su integridad un proyecto de investigación coordinado por Carlos Petit y que se propone la reconstrucción de la corporación de catedráticos de derecho en la universidad española desde 1857 a 1943. En primer lugar, se expone el estado de la cuestión sobre el asunto y los presupuestos metodológicos de este tipo de investigaciones, en las que confluyen los usos de la prosopografía, los resortes de la biografía y los propósitos de la sociografía históri...

  20. The founding period of the Secretaría de Trabajo y Previsión (1943-1946: first organizational steps and relevant figures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Paula Luciani

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Through the analysis of a range of state documents, biographies and specialized publications, among others, this article aims at reconstructing the first organizational steps of the Labour and Social Security sphere during the military government of 1943-1946, when after several decades of functioning of the Departamento Nacional del Trabajo, labour issues acquired a renewed importance in terms of state organization. In this period, several figures, beyond the names of Juan Perón and his most well- known contributors, helped to build the basis of the new Secretaría de Trabajo y Previsión. Often underestimated by the researchers, these pages also try to take them into consideration

  1. "Building the Natural Society of the Future": The Peckham Experiment (1943) as an Anarchist Account of Childhood and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charkin, Emily

    2014-01-01

    "The Peckham Experiment" (Innes H. Pearse and Lucy H. Crocker, Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1985) is a book about the Peckham Health Centre (1935-1950), which was a scientific experiment and community centre set up to identify and foster conditions of good health for local working-class families in South London. The book was…

  2. A History of the Kanawha County Textbook Controversy, April 1974-April 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Candor, Catherine Ann

    The background of the Kanawha County, language arts textbook controversy is described, and several factors are examined as possible precipitating elements in the controversy. The major actions, reactions, and occurrences in Kanawha County from April 1974 to April 1975 are reported, and various sources are used to document positions taken by…

  3. Infant milk in Spain during the period 1955-1975: the years of transition and innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Boatella

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available By following the historical sequence started in previous articles, this work describes and analyses the characteristics and producers of infant milk sold in Spain during the period from 1955 to 1975 (n = 41. A wide variability, diffi culties in their classification, and the use of various new ingredients in their formulas was observed when comparing them.

  4. Adolescent Drinking in Two Rural Areas of Mississippi: 1964 and 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hampe, Gary D.

    The study examined the increase of drinking from 1964 to 1975 among teenagers enrolled in two high schools in different sociocultural rural areas of Mississippi. The sample was composed of students in two high schools located in a "wet" county and a "dry" county. A questionnaire was administered to 525 students in 1964 and 793…

  5. Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975–2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, covering the period 1975–2010, showed death rates for lung cancer, which accounts for more than one in four cancer deaths, dropping at a faster pace than in previous years.

  6. Highlights from Drug Use Among American High School Students 1975-1977.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Lloyd D.; And Others

    The current prevalence of drug use among American high school seniors and the trends in use since 1975 are the two major topics treated. Also reported are prevailing attitudes and beliefs among seniors concerning various types of drug use. Eleven separate classes of drugs are distinguished: marihuana (including hashish), inhalants, hallucinogens,…

  7. Phoenix Union High School System Freshmen and Juniors Look at High School, November 1974/April 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, Coleen

    The Upperclassmen Look at High School Survey was administered in April 1975 to randomly selected junior classes, along with the Vocabulary section of the Iowa Test of Educational Development. This survey was administered, along with the freshman survey in October, as a check on student attitude toward the following: new educational concepts,…

  8. Subject Trends in Library and Information Science Research, 1975-1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, Stephen E.

    1988-01-01

    Analyzes subject trends from 1975-84 in nine influential journals in library and information science. Thirty-two subjects which constitute 89 percent of the subjects published are discussed under five categories according to their distribution characteristics: (1) boom topics; (2) declining topics; (3) roller coaster issues; (4) stable subjects;…

  9. Chinese physicists and the CERN group invited to visit China in September 1975

    CERN Multimedia

    1975-01-01

    At the National Peoples Congress Palace in Peking, Wu Lein-Fu (centre) between W. Weisskopf and W. Jentschke. Second from left Mrs Weisskopf. At the back (centre) L. Van Hove, Mrs Van Hove, G. Charpak. See CERN Courier of October 1975.

  10. Bowling-Fencing Guide with Official Rules. January 1973 - January 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Docherty, Ethel, Ed.; Curry, Nancy L., Ed.

    Rules for women's bowling and fencing from January 1973 to January 1975 are discussed. Standards in sports for girls and women are detailed along with the Division for Girls and Women's Sports (DGWS) statement of beliefs. Specific articles dealing with bowling skills, norms, and rules for women are included. Articles are also included on the…

  11. Persistence and Graduation of UC Davis Undergraduates Admitted by Special Action: 1975-1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunziker, Celeste M.

    Persistence and graduation rates of University of California, Davis, special action students admitted in any fall quarter from 1975 to 1985 were studied. Special action students show academic potential but do not meet admission requirements of completed course work and academic achievement. The number of special action students during this 10-year…

  12. Selected Bibliography of Educational Materials: Maghreb, Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia. Vol. 9, No. 3, 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzouz, Azzedine, Comp.; And Others

    The bibliography presents 91 English language annotations of newspaper articles, journals, and government publications about education in Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia. Although the title also includes Maghreb, this issue does not contain any annotations for that country. All articles were published during the period July-September 1975.…

  13. NORDICOM. Bibliography of Nordic Mass Communication Literature. Document List/Index 1975:1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nordic Documentation Center for Mass Communication Research, Aarhus (Denmark).

    This first annual bibliography of mass communications literature of Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden includes documents published from 1970 to 1975. The Document List contains arbitrary entries for 758 books, periodicals, and publications of untraditional form--e.g., duplicated and mimeographed materials and working papers. Arranged by…

  14. La evolución político-constitucional de Uruguay entre 1975 y 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Gros Espiell

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Los autores reseñan en este informe sobre Uruguay entre los años 1975 y 2005: la profundización del sistema autoritario comenzado en 1973; su finalización en 1985 y, desde entonces, la transición hacia el Estado de Derecho y la consolidación del sistema constitucional.

  15. La evolución político-constitucional de Uruguay entre 1975 y 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Héctor Gros Espiell; Esteva Gallicchio,Eduardo G

    2008-01-01

    Los autores reseñan en este informe sobre Uruguay entre los años 1975 y 2005: la profundización del sistema autoritario comenzado en 1973; su finalización en 1985 y, desde entonces, la transición hacia el Estado de Derecho y la consolidación del sistema constitucional.

  16. Reexamination of the 9 10 November 1975 “Edmund Fitzgerald” Storm Using Today's Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hultquist, Thomas R.; Dutter, Michael R.; Schwab, David J.

    2006-05-01

    There has been considerable debate over the past three decades concerning the specific cause of the loss of the ship the Edmund Fitzgerald on Lake Superior on 10 November 1975, but there is little question that weather played a role in the disaster. There were only a few surface observations available during the height of the storm, so it is difficult to assess the true severity and meteorological rarity of the event. In order to identify likely weather conditions that occurred during the storm of 9-10 November 1975, high-resolution numerical simulations were conducted in an attempt to assess wind and wave conditions throughout the storm. Comparisons are made between output from the model simulations and available observational data from the event to assess the accuracy of the simulations. Given a favorable comparison, more detailed output from the simulations is presented, with a focus on high-resolution output over Lake Superior between 1800 UTC 9 November 1975 and 0600 UTC 11 November 1975. A detailed analysis of low-level sustained wind and significant wave height output is presented, illustrating the severity of the conditions and speed with which they developed and later subsided during the event. The high temporal and spatial resolution of the model output helps provide a more detailed depiction of conditions on Lake Superior than has previously been available.

  17. Newbery Award Winning Books 1975-2009: How Do They Portray Disabilities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leininger, Melissa; Dyches, Tina Taylor; Prater, Mary Anne; Heath, Melissa Allen

    2010-01-01

    Newbery books represent quality literature that has a profound social-emotional impact on its readers, yet these books have not been systematically evaluated for their portrayal of characters with disabilities. Thirty-one Newbery Award and Honor books from 1975-2009 were identified and portrayed 41 main or supporting characters with disabilities.…

  18. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-MEUG-01-1975 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-MEUG-01-1975 ref|NP_001003054.1| prostaglandin E2 receptor EP4 subtype [Canis lupus... familiaris] gb|AAF00470.1|AF177934_1 prostaglandin E2 receptor EP4 subtype [Canis lupus familiaris] NP_001003054.1 0.0 78% ...

  19. 31 CFR 306.22 - Exchange of Treasury Bonds, Investment Series B-1975-80.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exchange of Treasury Bonds, Investment Series B-1975-80. 306.22 Section 306.22 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT...

  20. Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 1975. Geological Survey Circular 765.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, C. Richard; Reeves, E. Bodette

    The United States Geological Survey has compiled data on water use in this country every fifth year since 1950. This document is the most recent of this series and presents data on water withdrawn for use in the United States in 1975. In the introduction, recent and present water use studies are discussed along with a description of the…

  1. Recruitment of Physicians for the Active Army, 1975-1980

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-06-06

    28 therapy and physical therapy . Each counselor is responsible for a given geographic area and works from his regional field office(s). Counselors are...school of medicine or a osteopathy which is recognized by the World Health Organization and who is licensed, or eligible for unrestricted licensure...16, 1940.3 This law established a statutory obligation for physically fit male Americans who were selected by their local Selective Service boards to

  2. Assessment of increased thermal activity at Mount Baker, Washington, March 1975-March 1976

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, David; Meier, Mark Frederick; Swanson, Donald A.; with contributions by Babcock, James W.; Fretwell, Marvin O.; Malone, Stephen D.; Rosenfeld, Charles L.; Shreve, Ronald L.; Wilcox, Ray E.

    1977-01-01

    In March 1975 Mount Baker showed a large increase in thermal emission, which has persisted for more than 1 year. Fumarole ejecta accompanied the thermal activity from March to September, but the ejecta had no constituents that suggest a magmatic source. Estimates of that part of the total heat flux that would account for the observed snow and ice loss show that the heat-flow increase was roughly one order of magnitude, from about 2 megawatts at 10 watts per square meter, averaged over Sherman Crater before 1975, to about 30 megawatts at 180 watts per square meter, during 1975. Almost half of the glacier that occupied the basin of Sherman Crater was melted in 1975. The new activity generated great concern among the public and the government agencies responsible for geological evaluation of potential hazards and for protection of life and property. The past geologic history, current topography, rock alteration, and location of major fumarolic activity indicate that large rock avalanches and mudflows on the east slope in Boulder Creek valley are the potential hazards of most significance related to present conditions. The most probable types of large mass movements would be mudflows, having speeds of as much as 50 kilometers per hour, that would originate from mixtures of snow, ice, and melt water and avalanches of structurally weak clay-rich rocks that make up the rim of Sherman Crater. Similar mudflows from the volcano have traveled at least 12 kilometers 8 times during the past 10,000 years. A possible worst case event, however, might be a larger, air-cushioned avalanche of as much as 20 to 30 million cubic meters that could hit Baker Lake at speeds of more than 300 kilometers per hour and generate a wave of water large enough to overtop Upper Baker Dam. At least 30 million cubic meters of potentially unstable material occurs as hydrothermally altered remnants of the rim of Sherman Crater and could provide the required volume for the estimated worst case event or

  3. Interculturalidade e literatura de almanaques: o caso do almanaque Abril (1975-2006) - Interculturality and literature of almanacs: the case of almanaque Abril (1975-2006)

    OpenAIRE

    Mateus H. F. Pereira

    2011-01-01

    Resumo No presente texto, procuramos refletir sobre a interculturalidade lançando o olhar para uma publicação que pode ser considerada um dos maiores sucessos editoriais do mercado brasileiro contemporâneo: o Almanaque Abril (1975-2006). Conforme mostraremos, a literatura de almanaque nos parece ser uma fonte privilegiada para a apreensão de certas “culturas híbridas”, uma vez que sua própria definição é caracterizada pelo hibridismo. Palavras-chave: literatura de almanaques; hibridação; Alma...

  4. Oceanographic Station Data from bottle casts from the ROBERT D. CONRAD as part of the International Decade of Ocean Exploration / International Ocean Studies / First Dynamic Response and Kinematics Experiment in the Drake Passage (IDOE/ISOS/FDRAKE) from 06 February 1975 to 06 March 1975 (NODC Accession 7601512)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — ceanographic Station Data were collected from CTD casts from the ROBERT D. CONRAD from 06 February 1975 to 06 March 1975. Data were collected by the Lamont-Doherty...

  5. Marine toxic substance and other data from pump casts in the Gulf of Alaska from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER as part of Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP) from 1975-09-11 to 1975-10-10 (NODC Accession 8200094)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Marine toxic substance and other data were collected from pump casts in the Gulf of Alaska from NOAA Ship DISCOVERER from 11 September 1975 to 10 October 1975. Data...

  6. Oceanographic Station Data from meteorological sensors and bottle casts from the MELVILLE as part of the International Decade of Ocean Exploration / International Ocean Studies / First Dynamic Response and Kinematics Experiment in the Drake Passage (IDOE/ISOS/FDRAKE) from 21 February 1975 to 30 March 1975 (NODC Accession 7700538)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station Data were collected from meteorological sensors and bottle casts from the MELVILLE from 21 February 1975 to 30 March 1975. Data were collected...

  7. New data on two remarkable Antarctic species Amblydorylaimusisokaryon (Loof, 1975) Andrássy, 1998 and Pararhyssocolpusparadoxus (Loof, 1975), gen. n., comb. n. (Nematoda, Dorylaimida).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elshishka, Milka; Lazarova, Stela; Radoslavov, Georgi; Hristov, Petar; Peneva, Vlada K

    2015-01-01

    The taxonomic position of two antarctic dorylaimid species Amblydorylaimusisokaryon (Loof, 1975) Andrássy, 1998 and Pararhyssocolpusparadoxus (Loof, 1975), gen. n., comb. n. are discussed on the basis of morphological, including SEM study, morphometric, postembryonic and sequence data of 18S rDNA and the D2-D3 expansion fragments of large subunit rDNA. The evolutionary trees inferred from 18S sequences show insufficient resolution to determine the assignment of the two species to particular families, moreover Pararhyssocolpusparadoxus gen. n., comb. n. (=Rhyssocolpusparadoxus) previously regarded as a member of Nordiidae or Qudsianematidae, showed distant relationship both to Rhyssocolpusvinciguerrae and Eudorylaimus spp. The phylogram inferred from 28S sequences revealed that Amblydorylaimusisokaryon is a member of a well-supported group comprised of several Aporcelaimellus spp., while, no close relationships could be revealed for the Pararhyssocolpusparadoxus gen. n., comb. n. to any nematode genus. On the basis of molecular data and morphological characteristics, some taxonomic changes are proposed. Amblydorylaimusisokaryon is transferred from family Qudsianematidae to family Aporcelaimidae, and a new monotypic genus Pararhyssocolpus gen. n. is proposed, attributed to Pararhyssocolpidaefam. n. The diagnosis of the new family is provided together with emended diagnosis of the genera Amblydorylaimus and Pararhyssocolpus gen. n. Data concerning distribution of these endemic genera in the Antarctic region are also given.

  8. Energy II: a bibliography of 1975--1976 social science and related literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morrison, D.E.; Bemis, V.; Frankena, F.L.; Buttel, F.H.; Galin, J.; Mejorado, O.; Cardinal, J. (comps.)

    1977-01-01

    This volume updates Energy: A Bibliography of Social Science and Related Literature (Garland, 1975) from the date the earlier manuscript was completed in January, 1975. It represents a special attempt to include the very large number of recently published behavioral and empirical studies made in the context of the 1973-74 energy crisis. Covering all relevant works in English, the material deals with the way in which individuals, families, communities, businesses, and nations have reacted and adjusted to less energy and higher energy prices. The over 2,000 entries are cross-referenced into 75 categories in margin keywords. This guide is a fundamental reference bibliography for students, teachers, researchers, policymakers, and lay persons involved in attempting to understand the crucial social dimensions of the energy problem. See also ''Energy Guide: A Directory of Information Resources,'' another Garland publication.

  9. Worldwide transportation/energy demand, 1975-2000. Revised Variflex model projections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ayres, R.U.; Ayres, L.W.

    1980-03-01

    The salient features of the transportation-energy relationships that characterize the world of 1975 are reviewed, and worldwide (34 countries) long-range transportation demand by mode to the year 2000 is reviewed. A worldwide model is used to estimate future energy demand for transportation. Projections made by the forecasting model indicate that in the year 2000, every region will be more dependent on petroleum for the transportation sector than it was in 1975. This report is intended to highlight certain trends and to suggest areas for further investigation. Forecast methodology and model output are described in detail in the appendices. The report is one of a series addressing transportation energy consumption; it supplants and replaces an earlier version published in October 1978 (ORNL/Sub-78/13536/1).

  10. ATS-6 radio beacon electron content measurements at Ootacamund, India, October 1975-July 1976

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouwer, S.D.; Davies, K.; Donnelly, R.F.; Grubb, R.N.; Jones, J.E.

    1980-03-01

    An atlas of total slant-path columnar electron content data measured between the ATS-6 satellite and Ootacamund, India, a site near the magnetic Equator is presented. Although these measurements were taken during a solar minimum, the general level of flare and geomagnetic activity that occurred during the observation period is summarized. These total content (N(T)) data were derived from the modulation phase (group delay) of a carrier signal transmitted from the geostationary satellite's Radio Beacon Experiment. This atlas contains two data sets: (1) N(T) as 2-min subsamples digitally recorded between 2 October 1975 and 28 January 1976 corrected for ATS-6 pitch maneuvers and (2) N(T) as 15-min subsamples chart recorded between 21 October 1975 and 22 July 1976 but uncorrected for changes in satellite orientation.

  11. Propithecus verreauxi population and ranging at Berenty, Madagascar, 1975 and 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolly, A; Gustafson, H; Oliver, W L; O'Connor, S M

    1982-01-01

    Propithecus verreauxi have been repeatedly censused in parts of the 200-ha reserve at Berenty between 1963 and 1975. Troop rearrangements in 1963 and 1975 showed that both males and females can change troop outside the breeding season. Group sex ratio varies from 0.3 female/male to 5.0 female/male. Usually, at Berenty, groups defend highly exclusive territories, in contrast to ranging patterns elsewhere. In 1980 troops were censused during 2 weeks in November at a different season from earlier studies. They had larger troop feeding dispersion than before, and pairs and triplets of males who travelled apart from bisexual troops. This may be a season of mass male migration, as in Lemur catta, or else a long-term population change. This small reserve should be carefully monitored as its lemurs have so far maintained relative population stability.

  12. Environmental baselines in Long Island Sound, 1972 to 1975 : tables and figures : final report (NODC Accession 8300070)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Benthic species, marine sediments, and temperature profile data were collected using bottle in the Long Island Sound from 01 January 1972 to 31 December 1975. Data...

  13. Laser-Fusion Studies at NRL. A Report to ERDA for the Period July 1974 to June 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report summarizes work done at NRL on laser fusion related to problems during FY 1975. Included are sections related to laser development and to experimental studies of laser plasma interaction. (Author)

  14. Narrative report FY 1975: Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Range and Hailstone, Halfbreed, Lake Mason & War Horse Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Charles M. Russell NWR (including the satellite refuges) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report...

  15. Narrative report : Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge : Annada District : Fiscal Year 1975 : Clarence Cannon Division, Delair Division

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Mark Twain NWR (Clarence Cannon and Delair Units) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the second half of 1975. The report begins...

  16. Routine hydrography and chemical observations in Lake Nitinat, British Columbia, from 1964 to 1975 (NCEI Accession 7800331)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This report contains all of the routine hydrographic and chemical measurements obtained from Lake Nitinat. British Columbia on cruises from 1964 to 1975. In...

  17. Narrative report : Mark Twain National Wildlife Refuge : Annada District : Fiscal Year 1975 : Clarence Cannon Division, Delair Division

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Mark Twain NWR (Clarence Cannon and Delair Units) outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by...

  18. Interim report on pesticide levels in fish collected 20 March 1975 from Lake Ladora at Rocky Mountain Arsenal

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Report on pesticide levels from fish taken from Lake Ladora at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal in March 1975. Fish were then sent to the Dugway Proving Grounds for...

  19. Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Lamesteer National Wildlife Refuge, Northeastern Montana Wetlands: Narrative report: July 1, 1974 - June 30, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This narrative report for Medicine Lake NWR, Lamesteer NWR, and Northeastern Montana WMD outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report...

  20. Refuge narrative report : January 1, 1974 - December 31, 1975 : Aleutian Islands National Wildlife Refuge and Bogoslof National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Aleutian Islands and Bogoslof NWRs outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  1. Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Mille Lacs Refuge, Sandstone Unit [Narrative report]: July 1, 1974 to June 30, 1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This annual narrative report for Rice Lake NWR and Mille Lacs NWR outlines Refuge accomplishments during the 1975 fiscal year. The report begins by summarizing the...

  2. List of ERDA radioisotope (customers with summary of radioisotope shipments FY 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simmons, J.L.; Gano, S.R. (comp.)

    1976-01-01

    The twelfth edition of the ERDA radioisotope customer list has been prepared at the request of the Division of Biomedical and Environmental Research. The purpose of this document is to list the FY 1975 commercial radioisotope production and distribution activities of USERDA facilities at Argonne National Laboratory, Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Brookhaven National Laboratory, United Nuclear Inc., Idaho Operations Office, Hanford Engineering Development Laboratory, Mound Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Savannah River Plant. (TFD)

  3. The purge of spanish education during franquism (1936-1975. The institutionalization of a repression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos de Pablo Lobo

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Work on the trial against Spanish teaching profession because of politic reasons, from the beginning of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939 to the end of the General Francisco Franco dictatorship (1939-1975. It includes a legislation research and it also studies the reasons, institutions and the different periods in which the course is going through. Key words: Repression, Purge, Spanish teaching, Civil War, Elementary education, Franquism, Education methods. 

  4. Effects of High Power Lasers, Number 7, November 1975 - Jun 1976

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-09-28

    are being studied in the USSR , it is not 3 apparent in their open literature to date. Other examples of this sort can be cited; we see no parallel to...Dyatel, V. I. Yepifanov, and K. I. Proskuryakov . Using laser beams for cutting diamond crystals. EOM, no. 5, 1975, 13-15. Experimental methods are...Academician N. N. Rykalin. Seventy people took part from various organizations in the USSR ; subjects discussed were dedicated to the thernophysical problems

  5. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 22, October-December 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-05-17

    Nikiforov , A. M. Prokhorov, A. N. Sidorov, L. L. Chelnokov, and M. D. Yarysheva (0). Plasma-ribbon CO-, laser. r>i: Sb 1, 29...1975, 2348-2350. (LC) 916, Kovalenko, V. S. , V. P. Kotlyarov, V. P. Dyatel, V. I. Yepifanov, ?;nd K. I. Proskuryakov (0...NESTRIZHENKO, YU. A. NEUSTRUYEV, V. B. NEVEROV, V.G. NGUYEN TKHO VYONG NGUYEN MIN’ KHIYEN NIKIFOROV , S. M. NIKITCHENKO, V. M. NIKITIN, N. V

  6. The Size, Financing and Impact of the Public Sector Deficit, 1975-198

    OpenAIRE

    1988-01-01

    The manner by which the government has chosen to finance the fiscal deficit in the given period and the economic consequences of financing of government expenditures are discussed in this paper. It documents the size of the government deficit from 1975-1984 through the presentation of a consistent series of consolidated public sector. It also analyzes the implications of the fiscal deficit on public debt, interest rate, capital formation, money creation and inflation.

  7. Bibliography of ionization and stripping in heavy particle collisions, 1950--1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hawthorne, S.W.; McDaniel, E.W.; Barnett, C.F.; Crandall, D.H.; Gilbody, H.B.; Kirkpatrick, M.I.; Phaneuf, R.A.; Thomas, E.W. (eds.)

    1979-02-01

    This annotated bibliography lists published work on ionization and stripping in heavy particle collisions for the period 1950 to 1975. Sources include scientific journals, abstract compilations, conference proceedings, books, and reports. The bibliography is arranged alphabetically by author. Each entry indicates whether the work was experimental or theoretical, what energy range was covered, and what reactants were investigated. Following the bibliographical listing are indexes of reactants and authors.

  8. Bibliography of electron transfer in heavy particle collisions, 1950--1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hawthorne, S.W.; Barnett, C.F.; Crandall, D.H.; Gilbody, H.B.; Kirkpatrick, M.I.; McDaniel, E.; Phaneuf, R.A.; Thomas, E.W. (eds.)

    1979-02-01

    This annotated bibliography lists published work on electron transfer in heavy particle collisions for the period 1950 to 1975. Sources include scientific journals, abstract compilations, conference proceedings, books, and reports. The bibliography is arranged alphabetically by author. Each entry indicates whether the work was experimental or theoretical, what energy range was covered, and what reactants were investigated. Following the bibliographical listing are indexes of reactants and authors.

  9. Bibliography of atomic and molecular excitation in heavy particle collisions, 1950--1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hawthorne, S.W.; Thomas, E.W.; Barnett, C.F.; Crandall, D.H.; Gilbody, H.B.; Kirkpatrick, M.I.; McDaniel, E.W.; Phaneuf, R.A. (eds.)

    1979-02-01

    This annotated bibliography lists published work on atomic and molecular excitation in heavy particle collisions for the period 1950 to 1975. Sources include scientific journals, abstract compilations, conference proceedings, books, and reports. The bibliography is arranged alphabetically by author. Each entry indicates whether the work was experimental or theoretical, what energy range was covered, and what reactants were investigated. Following the bibliographical listing are indexes of reactions and authors.

  10. Deformation during the 1975–1984 Krafla rifting crisis, NE Iceland, measured from historical optical imagery

    OpenAIRE

    Hollingsworth, James; Leprince, Sébastien; Ayoub, François; Avouac, Jean-Philippe

    2012-01-01

    We measure the displacement field resulting from the 1975–1984 Krafla rifting crisis, NE Iceland, using optical image correlation. Images are processed using the COSI-Corr software package. Surface extension is accommodated on normal faults and fissures which bound the rift zone, in response to dike injection at depth. Correlation of declassified KH-9 spy and SPOT5 satellite images reveals extension between 1977–2002 (2.5 m average opening over 80 km), while correlation of aerial photos betwe...

  11. A Cultural History of the Avant-Garde in the Nordic Countries 1950-1975

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    A Cultural History of the Avant-Garde in the Nordic Countries 1950-1975 is the first publication to deal with the postwar avant-garde in the Nordic countries. The essays cover a wide range of avant-garde manifestations in arts and culture: literature, the visual arts, architecture and design, fil......: The cultural politics, institutions and new cultural geographies after World War II, new technologies and media, performative strategies, interventions into everyday life and tensions between market and counterculture....

  12. Unveiling the geography of historical patents in the United States from 1836 to 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petralia, Sergio; Balland, Pierre-Alexandre; Rigby, David L

    2016-08-30

    It is clear that technology is a key driver of economic growth. Much less clear is where new technologies are produced and how the geography of U.S. invention has changed over the last two hundred years. Patent data report the geography, history, and technological characteristics of invention. However, those data have only recently become available in digital form and at the present time there exists no comprehensive dataset on the geography of knowledge production in the United States prior to 1975. The database presented in this paper unveils the geography of historical patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) from 1836 to 1975. This historical dataset, HistPat, is constructed using digitalized records of original patent documents that are publicly available. We describe a methodological procedure that allows recovery of geographical information on patents from the digital records. HistPat can be used in different disciplines ranging from geography, economics, history, network science, and science and technology studies. Additionally, it is easily merged with post-1975 USPTO digital patent data to extend it until today.

  13. Magma at depth: A retrospective analysis of the 1975 unrest at Mount Baker, Washington, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crider, Juliet G.; Frank, David; Malone, Stephen D.; Poland, Michael P.; Werner, Cynthia; Caplan-Auerbach, Jacqueline

    2011-01-01

    Mount Baker volcano displayed a short interval of seismically-quiescent thermal unrest in 1975, with high emissions of magmatic gas that slowly waned during the following three decades. The area of snow-free ground in the active crater has not returned to pre-unrest levels, and fumarole gas geochemistry shows a decreasing magmatic signature over that same interval. A relative microgravity survey revealed a substantial gravity increase in the ~30 years since the unrest, while deformation measurements suggest slight deflation of the edifice between 1981-83 and 2006-07. The volcano remains seismically quiet with regard to impulsive volcano-tectonic events, but experiences shallow (10 km) long-period earthquakes. Reviewing the observations from the 1975 unrest in combination with geophysical and geochemical data collected in the decades that followed, we infer that elevated gas and thermal emissions at Mount Baker in 1975 resulted from magmatic activity beneath the volcano: either the emplacement of magma at mid-crustal levels, or opening of a conduit to a deep existing source of magmatic volatiles. Decadal-timescale, multi-parameter observations were essential to this assessment of magmatic activity.

  14. VEGETATION CHANGES OF SUNDARBANS BASED ON LANDSAT IMAGERY ANALYSIS BETWEEN 1975 AND 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MD. TARIQUL ISLAM

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Sundarbans in Bangladesh and India is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. This forest is threatened by effect of climate change and manmade activities. The aim of this paper is to show changes in vegetation cover of Sundarbans since 1975 using Landsat imagery. Normalized Difference Vegetation Index is applied to quantify and qualify density of vegetation on a patch of land. Estimated land area (excluded water body of this forest is 66% in Bangladesh, and 34% in India, respectively. Net erosion since 1975 to 2006 is ~5.9%. In vicinity of human settlement, areal changes are not observed since 1975. The mangrove forest is decreased by 19.3% due severe tropical cyclone in 1977 and 1988. Moreover, the dense forest is damaged by about 50%. However, more than 25 years is taken by Sundarbans to recover from damage by a severe tropical cyclone. The biodiversity of Sundarbans depends to fresh water flow through it. Therefore, the future of Sundarbans depends to the impact of climate change which has further effect to increasing intensity and frequency of severe tropical cyclone and salinity in water channels in Sundarbans.

  15. Glacier Retreat in the Cordillera Quimza Cruz (Tres Cruces), Bolivia from 1975 to present

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, A. G.; Kincaid, J. L.; Brooks, R. M.

    2008-12-01

    The glaciers in the Cordillera Quimza Cruz (Tres Cruces) and two smaller Bolivian massifs represent the southernmost tropical glaciers found along the eastern margin of the Andes. Their marginal location makes them of particular interest. The extent of glaciers in the mid 1970s was determined though digitization of the published glacier inventory of Bolivia. In 1975, extent of glaciers in the Tres Cruces region was approximately 55.4 square kilometers. More recent extents were determined from Landsat and ASTER satellite images. Cloud-free Landsat images from 1986, 1992 and 2000 were georegistered and surface reflectances were computed. Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI) images were then computed and thresholded to create binary maps of snow- and glacier-covered pixels. From 1975 through 2000, the Tres Cruces Region lost a significant amount of its glacier area. Of the area identified as being glacier covered in 1975 only 27.4 square kilometers (49%) were identified as containing snow and ice in Landsat images from 2000. The glacier retreat time series is being updated as part of an ongoing undergraduate research program. More recent retreat mapped from multiple ASTER images from 2000-2006 indicates that glacier recession is continuing. Changes in glacier hypsometries indicate that much of the areal loss has occurred at lower altitudes. The influence of aspect on glacier retreat is the next area of investigation.

  16. Motor neuron disease mortality in Great Britain continues to rise: examination of mortality rates 1975 - 2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Day, Thomas G; Scott, Martin; Perring, Roslyn; Doyle, Pat

    2007-12-01

    Motor neuron disease (MND) mortality rates are rising in Europe and the USA. The most comprehensive UK study was conducted more than 15 years ago. This study examines trends in mortality from MND in England & Wales, and Scotland, between 1975 and 2004. Age, gender, and cause-specific mortality rates were calculated for the period 1975-2004 using national data from England & Wales, and Scotland. Rates were directly age-standardized to the European standard population. Trends in mortality rates over time were examined for men and women separately, as well as by the age groups 0-59 years, and 60 or more years. MND mortality rates rose steadily over the 30-year period 1975-2004 in both sexes in England & Wales, and Scotland. There is a clear upward trend in all four groups (p for trend <0.001). All increases were largely restricted to the age group 60 years and above, with rates showing increases of 70-80%, and no evidence of a flattening of this trajectory. Rates for the 0-59 years age group remained stable over the period. There is evidence of a narrowing of the male-female gap in mortality rates for the age group over 60 years in England and Wales.

  17. La producción escrita del Departamento de Psicología en la Universidad de Puerto Rico entre 1924-1943: Estudio preliminar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofía González-Rivera

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo esboza los hallazgos iniciales de una investigación dirigida a identificar y contextualizar la psicología que practicaron aquellos que laboraron a principios del siglo XX en el primer Departamento de Psicología en Puerto Rico. A través de una revisión histórica de  documentación oficial universitaria y producción escrita de quienes laboraron en dicho departamento se especifican características de la disciplina entre 1924-1943. El contexto socio-político es tomado en consideración en el momento de interpretar los resultados recopilados. Varias tendencias pueden identificarse a partir de los fuentes analizadas: un fuerte desarrollo en el área de psicometría educativa, preferencia por el sistema funcionalista estadounidense, un vínculo con la Universidad de Columbia y la concordancia entre los intereses del Comisionado de Educación y la producción empírica del profesorado.

  18. The Hanford Nuclear Reservation (1943-1987): a case study of the interface between physics and biology during the cold war

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macuglia, Daniele [Fishbein Center for the History of Science and Medicine, University of Chicago, IL (United States)

    2011-07-01

    During its active period (1943-1987) the Hanford Nuclear Reservation shaped the history of US nuclear research. It also constitutes an interesting case study of the interface between physics, biology and the politics of Cold War society. Although supposed to turn the US into a stronger military force during the Cold War, the remarkable biological consequences of the nuclear research carried out in the facility ended up overshadowing its original political purpose. The high-level of radioactive waste harmed thousands of people living in the area, causing relevant environmental disasters which make the site the most contaminated area in the US even today. Nuclear research is uniquely dangerous since radiation can cause severe consequences both in terms of lives injured and environmental damage. I address various ways in which nuclear physics and biology were used - and abused - at the Hanford Site to combine the needs of politics with the needs of a healthy society. This paper further investigates the moral responsibility of science to society and the way in which biological research informed nuclear physics about the deleterious consequences of radiation on environment and on the human body.

  19. 俄摩拉行动——痛击纳粹的1943年汉堡大轰炸

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丽贝卡·格兰特; 田宇平

    2007-01-01

    1943年7月底,英国皇家空军轰炸机司令部几乎完全摧毁了德国城市汉堡。就如空军元帅亚瑟·哈里斯所说的,与德国以前所受的打击相比,这次对所谓的。帝国第二城市”的空袭是。无以伦比的可怕”。而这一系列袭击行动的代号似乎也符合其“上帝之怒”的内涵——英国皇家空军称之为:俄摩拉行动。(注:Gomorrah据《圣经·创始记》俄摩拉城因其居民罪恶深重被神毁灭。)

  20. Pro Memoria. Professor Bolesław Jałowy (1906-1943): Mortui viventes obligant - the livings are obligated to the dead.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wincewicz, Andrzej

    2016-01-01

    Professor Bolesław Jałowy (1906-1943) was a chairman of Department of Histology and Embryology at Faculty of Medicine of King John Casimir University (Polish: Universytet Jana Kazimierza: UJK) in Lvov. He succeeded Professor Władysław Szymonowicz (1869-1939) who held this position for decades. As the most skillful followers of his tutor, Bolesław Jałowy was a great investigator of physiology of human tissue, embryogenesis, histological consequences of female sex hormones on blood clotting action as well as regeneration of nerves in addition to description of silver staining technique for reticulin fibers of skin. He was a hard working person with gentle attitude to such a subtle matter as microscopic structure of human body. However, he happened to live in brutal conditions of nationalistic struggles. His example shows how much a dedicated scientist could do in a very short time as his life was tragically ended with murdering him during World War Two. His story is a great lesson for generations of academic workers how to meet high moral standards with efficient and creative scientific work in evil and destructive, nationalistic climate that occurs usually in wartime.

  1. Dynamic Lighting Atrocities Occupiers and their Collaborators in the Soviet Press in 1943: the Question of the Preparation of the Information Krasnodar Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina G. Tazhidinova

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the processes of mediatization that accompanied the trials of war criminals in the USSR. As an example, a first public trial of accomplices of the Nazi invaders, held in July 1943 in the city of Krasnodar. Content analytical research publications in the regional newspaper "Bolshevik", covering the problems of enemy atrocities in the temporarily occupied territories of the Soviet Union, allowed to reveal the role of the Soviet print media in the preparation process of Krasnodar. This role was to discharge hatred of the enemy on an emotional level; objective basis for this and acted statistics detailing the atrocities of the Nazis in the liberated from the occupation of the territories of the country. Dynamics of publications on this topic are also stimulated by the need to produce the desired effect in the international community, to respond to the provocation "information events" by the Nazis. Regarding the process of presentation of Krasnodar in the Soviet press it concluded that it was distinguished by the magnitude, integrity and compliance with the ideological standards. This feed topics of war crimes in the territory of the USSR and the coming retribution for them possible to effectively tackle current domestic and foreign policy objectives.

  2. Epidemiological investigation and analysis on 1 943 women with urinary incontinence in Guangdong area%广东地区1943例女性尿失禁流行病学调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张秀; 林旭华; 关懿婷; 欧燕兰

    2011-01-01

    目的:调查广东地区1943例女性尿失禁流行病学的患病情况.方法:通过抽取广东省妇幼保健院10个体检单位对年满18岁及以上的2 500例女性发放问卷表进行尿失禁流行病学问卷调查,按照每10岁为一个年龄段分为5组,对所得资料全部采用SPSS 13.0统计学软件处理,进行统计分析.结果:共发放2 500份问卷调查表,拒绝调查557例,占22.28%,1943例女性完整地完成问卷调查表,占77.72%.1943例女性中,尿失禁患病率达到34.07%(662/1 943),尿失禁患者中以压力性、急迫性、混合性尿失禁为主,其患病率分别为16.98%(330/1943)、4.73%(92/1943)和12.35%(240/1943).尿失禁患病率随年龄增长而升高.阴道分娩尿失禁患病率为51.35%(515/1003),剖宫产尿失禁患病率为15.21%(87/572).结论:广东地区女性尿失禁发病率仍较高,但尿失禁防治知识的普及仍未得到足够重视.%Objective: To survey the prevalence of epidemiology of 1 943 women with urinary incontinence in Guangdong area. Methods: 2 500 women above 18 years old were selected from 10 physical examination departments in the hospital, then they were asked to fried in a epidemiological questionnaire about urinary incontinence, and all the women were divided into five groups based on 10 yearsas a age unit, all the data were analyzed statistically by SPSS 13.0 software. Results: 2 500 copies of questionnaires were given out,557 copies of questionnaires were rejected, accounting for 22. 28%; 1 943 women finished the questionnaire completely, accounting for 77.72%. Among 1943 women, the incidence of urinary incontinence was 34. 07% (662/1 943) . The main types of urinary incontinence were stress urinary incontinence, urge urinary incontinence and mixed urinary incontinence, the incidences were 16. 98% ( 330/1 943 ),4. 73% (92/1 943) and 12. 35% (240/1 943), respectively. The incidence of urinary incontinence increased with age. The incidences of urinary

  3. Geophysical studies of the Crump Geyser known geothermal resource area, Oregon, in 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plouff, Donald

    2006-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) conducted geophysical studies in support of the resource appraisal of the Crump Geyser Known Geothermal Resource Area (KGRA). This area was designated as a KGRA by the USGS, and this designation became effective on December 24, 1970. The land classification standards for a KGRA were established by the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (Public Law 91-581). Federal lands so classified required competitive leasing for the development of geothermal resources. The author presented an administrative report of USGS geophysical studies entitled 'Geophysical background of the Crump Geyser area, Oregon, KGRA' to a USGS resource committee on June 17, 1975. This report, which essentially was a description of geophysical data and a preliminary interpretation without discussion of resource appraisal, is in Appendix 1. Reduction of sheets or plates in the original administrative report to page-size figures, which are listed and appended to the back of the text in Appendix 1, did not seem to significantly degrade legibility. Bold print in the text indicates where minor changes were made. A colored page-size index and tectonic map, which also show regional geology not shown in figure 2, was substituted for original figure 1. Detailed descriptions for the geologic units referenced in the text and shown on figures 1 and 2 were separately defined by Walker and Repenning (1965) and presumably were discussed in other reports to the committee. Heavy dashed lines on figures 1 and 2 indicate the approximate KGRA boundary. One of the principal results of the geophysical studies was to obtain a gravity map (Appendix 1, fig. 10; Plouff, and Conradi, 1975, pl. 9), which reflects the fault-bounded steepness of the west edge of sediments and locates the maximum thickness of valley sediments at about 10 kilometers south of Crump Geyser. Based on the indicated regional-gravity profile and density-contrast assumptions for the two-dimensional profile, the maximum

  4. Engaging youth of color in applied science education and public health promotion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sprague Martinez, Linda; Bowers, Edmond; Reich, Amanda J.; Ndulue, Uchenna J.; Le, Albert An; Peréa, Flavia C.

    2016-03-01

    Participation in inquiry-based science education, which focuses on student-constructed learning, has been linked to academic success. Whereas the benefits of this type of science education are evident, access to such high-quality science curriculum and programming is not equitable. Black and Latino students in particular have less access to supplementary science programming, and fewer opportunities to engage in inquiry-based education. This paper describes outcomes associated with an inquiry-based out-of-school time science education program, Nuestro Futuro: Applied Science Education to Engage Black and Latino Youth (NFASE), which sought to build the capacity of middle school students of color to 'think' like health scientists from diverse disciplinary perspectives. The program was designed with the intent of (1) improving student attitudes toward and motivation for science and (2) increasing active and engaged citizenship (AEC). NFASE students explored health inequity and the social determinants of health locally and engaged in developing health promotion, outreach and education efforts targeted to their peers, parents/families, and community. Interest in the program was high overall, but implementation was not without challenges. Although evaluation outcomes indicate that there were no statistically significant changes in science-related attitudes or motivation, students reported significant increases in neighborhood social connection, as well as overall AEC.

  5. Radiation Dose to the Esophagus From Breast Cancer Radiation Therapy, 1943-1996: An International Population-Based Study of 414 Patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lamart, Stephanie, E-mail: stephanie.lamart@nih.gov [Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland (United States); Stovall, Marilyn [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Simon, Steven L. [Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland (United States); Smith, Susan A.; Weathers, Rita E.; Howell, Rebecca M. [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Curtis, Rochelle E. [Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland (United States); Aleman, Berthe M.P. [Department of Radiotherapy, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Travis, Lois [Rubin Center for Cancer Survivorship and Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York (United States); Kwon, Deukwoo [Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami, Miami, Florida (United States); Morton, Lindsay M. [Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland (United States)

    2013-07-15

    Purpose: To provide dosimetric data for an epidemiologic study on the risk of second primary esophageal cancer among breast cancer survivors, by reconstructing the radiation dose incidentally delivered to the esophagus of 414 women treated with radiation therapy for breast cancer during 1943-1996 in North America and Europe. Methods and Materials: We abstracted the radiation therapy treatment parameters from each patient’s radiation therapy record. Treatment fields included direct chest wall (37% of patients), medial and lateral tangentials (45%), supraclavicular (SCV, 64%), internal mammary (IM, 44%), SCV and IM together (16%), axillary (52%), and breast/chest wall boosts (7%). The beam types used were {sup 60}Co (45% of fields), orthovoltage (33%), megavoltage photons (11%), and electrons (10%). The population median prescribed dose to the target volume ranged from 21 Gy to 40 Gy. We reconstructed the doses over the length of the esophagus using abstracted patient data, water phantom measurements, and a computational model of the human body. Results: Fields that treated the SCV and/or IM lymph nodes were used for 85% of the patients and delivered the highest doses within 3 regions of the esophagus: cervical (population median 38 Gy), upper thoracic (32 Gy), and middle thoracic (25 Gy). Other fields (direct chest wall, tangential, and axillary) contributed substantially lower doses (approximately 2 Gy). The cervical to middle thoracic esophagus received the highest dose because of its close proximity to the SCV and IM fields and less overlying tissue in that part of the chest. The location of the SCV field border relative to the midline was one of the most important determinants of the dose to the esophagus. Conclusions: Breast cancer patients in this study received relatively high incidental radiation therapy doses to the esophagus when the SCV and/or IM lymph nodes were treated, whereas direct chest wall, tangentials, and axillary fields contributed lower

  6. Italianidad y Catolicismo en Córdoba. La Sociedad Católica Popular Italiana de Socorros Mutuos, 1911-1943

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gardenia Vidal

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El objeto de este trabajo es, en primer lugar, elaborar algunas hipótesis en torno a la relación entre la Sociedad Católica Popular Italiana instalada en Córdoba en 1911 y la Orden Salesiana que le dio su respaldo desde un comienzo. En este sentido, propongo algunas hipótesis para explicar los conflictos suscitados entre ambas partes como es la mayor identificación de cada una de ellas con uno de los términos contenidos en el nombre de la asociación estaría indicando posiciones de poder que se identificarían con propuestas políticas diferentes. Con todo no descarto la importante influencia de individuos para determinar resoluciones finales. En segundo lugar, y desde una dimensión internacional y nacional me detengo a discutir la correlación generada entre la asociación, el catolicismo, el fascismo italiano y el gobierno argentino surgido del golpe de estado de 1943. La cuestión acerca del fascismo y la asociación muestra el compromiso paulatino y bastante silencioso que esta última va asumiendo a favor del régimen italiano y de los gobiernos de derecha argentinos. Asimismo, señala la necesidad que, en la década del treinta, la nueva generación de consejeros tiene de construir una “tradición inventada” para apuntalar su posición política.

  7. Geoestratégias em confronto no Líbano em guerra (1975-90)

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    O presente estudo tem por objetivo caracterizar as Guerras do Líbano (1975-90) como resultantes do processo de desintegração do Império Otomano no quadro definido pela aceleração histórica de acordo com Yves Lacoste. Ela evidencia o processo/projeto balcanizador, ou seja, de divisão territorial em base étnica, do Líbano e do Oriente Médio iniciado com o expansionismo europeu a partir do séc. XIX e a continuidade dada a tal processo pelas modernas geoestratégias israelenses, as quais, com suas...

  8. Discriminatory public policies and the New York City tuberculosis epidemic, 1975-1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, D N

    2001-05-01

    Discriminatory public policies removed over ten percent of the fire companies in New York City from 1972-1975, mainly from poor communities of color with very old multiple-dwellings. Hundreds of thousands of housing units were destroyed between 1972 and 1978. Patterns of housing overcrowding changed rapidly and social networks were broken. Tuberculosis went into obvious epidemic in 1979. The temporal and geographic dynamics of the TB epidemic is described here as are the lessons for Europe with respect to treatment of marginalized populations.

  9. LMFBR safety. 5. Review of current issues and bibliography of literature (1975--1976)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buchanan, J.R.; Keilholtz, G.W.

    1977-06-08

    The current status of liquid-metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) development and one of the principal safety issues, a hypothetical core-disruptive accident (HCDA), are discussed. Bibliographic information on worldwide LMFBRs relative to the development and safety of the breeder reactor is presented for the period 1975 through 1976. The bibliography consists of approximately 1618 abstracts covering early research and development and operating experiences leading up to the present design practices that are necessary for the licensing of breeder reactors. Keyword, author, and permuted-title indexes are included for completeness.

  10. LMFBR safety. 4. Review of current issues and bibliography of literature (1974--1975)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buchanan, J.R.; Keilholtz, G.W.

    1977-03-21

    This report discusses the current status of liquid-metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) development and one of the principal safety issues, a hypothetical core-disruptive accident (HCDA). Bibliographic information on worldwide LMFBRs relative to the development of the breeder reactor as a safe source of nuclear power is presented for the period 1974 through 1975. The bibliography consists of approximately 1554 abstracts covering early research and development and operating experiences leading up to the present design practices that are necessary for the licensing of breeder reactors. Key-word, author, and permuted-title indexes are included for completeness.

  11. Earthquakes and related catastrophic events, Island of Hawaii, November 29, 1975; a preliminary report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilling, Robert I.; Koyanagi, R.Y.; Lipman, P.W.; Lockwood, J.P.; Moore, J.G.; Swanson, D.A.

    1976-01-01

    The largest earthquake in over a century--magnitude 7.2 on the Richter Scale--struck Hawaii the morning of November 29, 1975, at 0448. It was centered about 5 km beneath the Kalapana area on the southeastern coast of the island at 19? 20.1 ' N., long 155? 01.4 ' W.). The earthquake was preceded by numerous foreshocks, the largest of which was a 5.7-magnitude jolt at 0336 the same morning, and was accompanied, or closely followed, by a tsunami seismic sea wave), massive ground movements, hundreds of aftershocks, and a volcanic eruption. The tsunami reached a height of 12.2-14.6 m above sea level on the southeastern coast about 25 km west of the earthquake center, elsewhere generally 8 m or less. The south flank of Kilauea Volcano, which forms the southeastern part of the island, was deformed by dislocations along old and new faults along a 25-km long zone. Downward and seaward fault displacements resulted in widespread subsidence, locally as much as 3.5 m, leaving coconut palms standing in the sea and nearly submerging a small, near-shore island. A brief, small-volume volcanic eruption, triggered by the earthquake and associated ground movements occurred at Kilauea's summit about three-quarters of an hour later. The earthquake, together with the tsunami it generated, locally caused severe property damage in the southeastern part of the island; the tsunami also caused two deaths. Damage from the earthquake and related catastrophic events is estimated by the Hawaii Civil Defense Agency at about $4.1 million. The 1975 Kalapana earthquake and accompanying events represent the latest events in a recurring pattern of behavior for Kilauea. A large earthquake of about the same magnitude, tsunami, subsidence, and eruption occurred at Kilauea in 1868, and a less powerful earthquake and similar related processes are believed to have occurred in 1823. Indeed, the geologic evidence suggests that such events have been repeated many times in Kilauea's past and will continue. The

  12. La evolución político-institucional en Bolivia entre 1975 a 2005

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    El presente trabajo aborda el estudio de la evolución político-institucional en Bolivia entre 1975 a 2005; con un análisis descriptivo del proceso que abarca el régimen democrático de gobierno, incluyendo el sistema político, el sistema electoral, los partidos políticos y mecanismos de participación ciudadana; el sistema judicial; los derechos fundamentales; y los mecanismos de defensa de la Constitución; para luego identificar los aspectos singulares de ese proceso de evolución; y concluyend...

  13. Historia externa de la novela criminal en España (1939-1975)

    OpenAIRE

    Santiago Mulas, Vicente de

    2012-01-01

    Esta tesis se inicia con una introducción explicativa de su intención, de la historia del genero, de su introducción en España y del resultado de la investigación. A ella le sigue la parte fundamental de la tesis que es un repertorio bibliográfico que recoge cinco mil títulos de novelas del genero, de autores nacionales, publicadas en España entre 1939 y 1975. Se completa el trabajo con un repertorio de estudios críticos publicados en el mismo periodo, un listado de correspondencia entre los ...

  14. First record of the sipunculan worm Phascolion (Phascolion caupo Hendrix, 1975 in the Mediterranean Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M. FERRERO-VICENTE

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Specimens of the sipunculan worm Phascolion (Phascolion caupo Hendrix, 1975 have been collected for the first time in the Mediterranean Sea, thus increasing the number of known sipunculan species of up to 36 in this area. They were encountered on soft bottoms from the coast of San Pedro del Pinatar (Western Mediterranean. Thirty specimens were collected at a depth ranging from 32.6 to 37.2 m, mainly in sandy substrata with high load of silt and clays. 80% of the individuals were found inhabiting empty shells of gastropods or empty tubes of serpulid polychaetes.

  15. Escultura y vidrio: España (1975-1995). New Glass Movement

    OpenAIRE

    Giménez Raurell, María Cristina

    2015-01-01

    Esta tesis aborda el estudio de las primeras manifestaciones del New Glass Movement en España a través de autores españoles y de las obras de escultores extranjeros que expusieron en nuestro país entre 1975 y 1995. El último capítulo recoge un catálogo con 298 obras seleccionadas, que vertebra toda la investigación, contemplando más de 150 autores, 46 de ellos españoles y, entre estos, 20 artistas plásticos que integran el vidrio en su obras. Sobre todos ellos versa el discurso de este trabaj...

  16. O lugar do marxismo em Moçambique :1975-1994.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Miranda Maloa

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Busca-se examinar o lugar do marxismo em Moçambique entre 1975-1994. Explicando o seu aparecimento e desenvolvimento pela ação das forças sociais: sua natureza econômica, seus interesses, sua ideologia e as personalidades que articularam suas aspirações. Podemos caracterizar o marxismo em Moçambique  em duas etapas básicas: a primeira entre 1975-1989 , em que o marxismo não foi só adaptado como modo de vida social, econômico, acadêmico e político, mas como forma de pensar uma sociedade livre e justa para o povo moçambicano e a segunda  entre 1989 a 1994, em que o marxismo passa apenas a ser encarado como pensamento político e acadêmico e não como um modo de vida. 

    Abstract: One searchs to examine the place of the marxism in Moçambique between 1975-1994. Explaining its appearance and development for the action of the social forces: its economic nature, its interests, its ideology and the personalities that had articulated its aspirations. We can characterize the marxism in Moçambique in two basic stages: first between the 1975-1989, where the marxism only was not adapted as way of social life, economic, academic one and politician, but as form to think a free society and joust for the moçambicano people and second enter 1989 the 1994, where the marxism only passes to be faced as thought politician and academic and not as a life way.

    Key words: Marxism. Mozambique. FRELIMO.

  17. A Macroeconomic Analysis of Regional Migration in Finland, 1975-95

    OpenAIRE

    Sari Pekkala; Jari Ritsila

    1999-01-01

    This study analyzes regional migration in the 85 Finnish subregions during the period 1975-95 using data on net in-migration rates. Both cross-section and panel data methods are employed. The regression analysis reveals that the direction of net in-migration flows can be explained by a set of regionally differing characteristics. Unemployment rates, tax rates, and the share of primary production affect net in-migration negatively, whereas the share of higher education and the growth of region...

  18. Interculturalidade e literatura de almanaques : o caso do Almanaque Abril (1975-2006).

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Mateus Henrique de Faria

    2009-01-01

    No presente texto, procuramos refletir sobre a interculturalidade lançando o olhar para uma publicação que pode ser considerada um dos maiores sucessos editoriais do mercado brasileiro contemporâneo: o Almanaque Abril (1975-2006). Conforme mostraremos, a literatura de almanaque nos parece ser uma fonte privilegiada para a apreensão de certas “culturas híbridas”, uma vez que sua própria definição é caracterizada pelo hibridismo. _________________________________________________________________...

  19. Thatcherismen 1975-?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    For en uge siden døde Margaret Thatcher. På onsdag lægges hun i graven. Men arven efter Thatcher er langt fra død og begravet. Thatcherismens stramme konservatisme slog igennem som en af de allervigtigste ideologiske strømninger i det 20. århundrede – så vigtig at nutidens politiske spil stadig...

  20. Bâtir Saint-Jean-du-Maroni. : La construction du pénitencier de Saint-Jean-du-Maroni, Guyane française, 1887-1943.

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchez, Jean-Lucien

    2013-01-01

    275 p.; This study provides a historical analysis of the architecture of the prison of Saint-Jean-du-Maroni. This prison hosted the relégués in French Guiana, under the law of 27 May 1885 on the relegation of recidivists. It identifies and analyzes all the buildings built by the prison administration between 1888 and 1943. It is divided into three parts: - A presentation of the main stages of the construction of the penitentiary. - An inventory and an analysis of all prison buildings. - A his...

  1. 公允价值会计准则的发展历程:1975~2015%The Accounting Standards Development on Fair:1975~2015

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾雪云

    2016-01-01

    本文梳理了自1975年美国财务会计准则委员会(FASB)发布SFAS 12至2015年国际会计准则理事会(IASB)发布的《财务报告概念框架(征求意见稿)》(ED)以来,有关公允价值的理论研究和准则制定的完整历程。讨论了公允价值准则体系的初始建构过程,阐述了IASB和FASB在2008年国际金融危机期间的紧急应对措施与联合工作,讨论了近年来IASB对与公允价值有关的会计准则以及对财务报告概念框架的持续修订,其中包括IFRS 9、IFRS 13以及ED等前沿内容。最后提出改进公允价值计量的建议,应密切关注公允价值的波动性、操控性和顺周期效应,辩证对待公允价值信息的决策有用性与决策有用性边界以及局限性。%This paper reviewed the accounting standard development on fair value since FASB released SFAS 12 in 1975 till IASB released Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting (Exposure Draft) in 2015. The paper firstly illustrated the accounting standard and statements of financial accounting concepts released by FASB and discussed the initial process of building fair value criteria system. Secondly the paper illustrated the emergency response measures and cooperation efforts of IASB and FASB during financial crisis. Then the paper discussed IASB’s continual efforts in revising accounting standards on fair value and conceptual framework for financial reporting in recent years, including frontier contents like IFRS9, IFRS13 and ED. Lastly, the paper proposed suggestions how to improve the fair value accounting. The fluctuation, manipulation and effect of pro-cyclical of fair value should be closely monitored. Fair value information’s effectiveness in decision-making, boundary of effectiveness and limitations should be dialectically recognized.

  2. La psiquiatría española y Jacques Lacan antes de 1975

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    Druet, Anne Cécile

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyse the presence of Jacques Lacan in the domain of Spanish psychiatry before 1975. Firstly, it addresses this question through an examination of the psychiatric press and an analysis of all references made to Lacan (origin, features and development in quantitative and qualitative terms. Secondly, it addresses the history, the context and the consequences of the two lectures that Jacques Lacan gave in Barcelona in 1958 and 1972, at the invitation of some Spanish psychiatrists.El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar la presencia de Jacques Lacan en el ámbito psiquiátrico español antes de 1975. Se aborda en un primer momento esta cuestión a través del escrutinio de la prensa psiquiátrica y del análisis de las referencias a Lacan que aparecen en ella (origen, características, y evolución en términos cuantitativos y cualitativos. Se aborda a continuación la historia, el contexto y las consecuencias de las dos conferencias que Jacques Lacan, invitado por los psiquiatras españoles, dio en Barcelona en 1958 y 1972.

  3. Cinema, imaginário e identidade em falsche bewegung (1975, de win wenders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menine Júnior, Mauro de Araújo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O cineasta Win Wenders, na direção de Movimento em Falso (1975, assim como em Alice nas cidades (1974 e No decorrer do tempo (1976, encerra uma trilogia cujas representações do imaginário e da identidade alemã se mostram impregnadas de um violento niilismo quanto à noção da possibilidade de um projeto coletivo, de um precário comum-pertencer dentro de determinado estado político e herança histórica, da decadência do cinema enquanto linguagem atrelada a uma ética-estética do passado. O presente artigo propõe uma leitura crítica acerca das representações identitárias em Movimento em Falso (Falsche Bewegung, 1975 e de como os mesmos são operacionalizados como reprodutores de sentido(s à memória, aos mitos, às histórias de uma determinada geografia imaginária

  4. [Bladder tumor lethality. Results in the autonomous community of Rioja between 1975-1991].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández Fernández, A; Gil Fabra, J; Fernández Ruíz, M; Angulo Castellanos, M G; Blanco Martín, E; Otero Mauricio, G

    1998-01-01

    Between 1975-1991, a total of 557 cases of bladder carcinoma were identified in the Autonomous Community of La Rioja (CAR) which were followed up to December 1994. The overall lethality was 21.9%. 492 cases with 22.35% lethality were identified in males. In females, however, there was 65 cases with 18.46% lethality. The comparison of males and females lethality resulted in p = 0.525. Lethality between cases diagnosed within each 5-year period analyzed is: 1975-1981: 177 cases, lethality 23.72%. 1982-1986: 168 cases, lethality 30.95%. 1987-1991: 212 cases, lethality 13.20%. Between the first and the second 5-year periods, p = 0.132; between the first and third 5-year periods p = 0.007 and between the second and third 5-year periods p CAR for a 22.35% lethality. Lethality is higher in males that in females but the difference is not statistically significant. In the last 5-year period assessed, 1987-1991, a reduction of lethality from bladder neoplasms has been documented.

  5. Warming and drying of tundra and glacier summer climate in NW Spitsbergen from 1975 to 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Przybylak Rajmund

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Temperature and precipitation conditions in the Kaffiøyra region in the summer season (21 July–31 August for the period from 1975–2014 are described based on data collected during 22 expeditions, in which meteorological measurements were carried out, and complete data series combining both original and reconstructed data. The latter ones were obtained using data from the Ny Ålesund meteorological station, which are strongly correlated with data from the Kaffiøyra region. Seasonal statistics presented for temperature and precipitation based on these two sets of data reveal only slight changes. Summer temperatures in the Kaffiøyra region in the studied period (1975–2014 showed statistically significant strong upward trends, while precipitation totals revealed a downward trend, but not statistically significant. In the studied area, based on 40-years of data, it was demonstrated that the near-surface lapse rates of summer air temperature are slightly lower in glaciated (0.58°C/100 m than in non-glaciated areas (0.67°C/100 m. Anticyclonic/cyclonic circulation types significantly increase/decrease air temperature on the Waldemar Glacier, while their impact on precipitation is markedly smaller. In summer, close correlations were observed between air temperature and such glacier characteristics as the mass balance and the location of the equilibrium line, while precipitation does not have a great influence on them.

  6. Quantifying terrestrial ecosystem carbon dynamics in the Jinsha watershed, Upper Yangtze, China from 1975 to 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Shuqing

    2010-01-01

    Quantifying the spatial and temporal dynamics of carbon stocks in terrestrial ecosystems and carbon fluxes between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere is critical to our understanding of regional patterns of carbon budgets. Here we use the General Ensemble biogeochemical Modeling System to simulate the terrestrial ecosystem carbon dynamics in the Jinsha watershed of China’s upper Yangtze basin from 1975 to 2000, based on unique combinations of spatial and temporal dynamics of major driving forces, such as climate, soil properties, nitrogen deposition, and land use and land cover changes. Our analysis demonstrates that the Jinsha watershed ecosystems acted as a carbon sink during the period of 1975–2000, with an average rate of 0.36 Mg/ha/yr, primarily resulting from regional climate variation and local land use and land cover change. Vegetation biomass accumulation accounted for 90.6% of the sink, while soil organic carbon loss before 1992 led to a lower net gain of carbon in the watershed, and after that soils became a small sink. Ecosystem carbon sink/source patterns showed a high degree of spatial heterogeneity. Carbon sinks were associated with forest areas without disturbances, whereas carbon sources were primarily caused by stand-replacing disturbances. It is critical to adequately represent the detailed fast-changing dynamics of land use activities in regional biogeochemical models to determine the spatial and temporal evolution of regional carbon sink/source patterns.

  7. THE SECRET SOUTH AFRICAN PROJECT TEAM: BUILDING STRIKE CRAFT IN ISRAEL, 1975-79

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thean Potgieter

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Though the history of the South African Navy (SAN only dates back to 1922, for most of its history it depended on Britain for warships. The British Royal Navy on the other hand had an unbroken involvement with maritime defence along the South African Coast and the protection of the Cape Sea Route from 1806 to 1975 (when the Simon’s Town Agreement was cancelled. However, political tension between South Africa’s apartheid government and Britain caused a break in this relationship, forcing the SAN to acquire warships from alternative sources.A number of South African efforts to acquire corvettes failed during the 1970s, leaving the strike craft project as the only major warship project of the SAN to succeed for close to three decades. This project had an overseas as well as a local building phase. As part of the overseas phase, a project team was dispatched to Israel in 1975 to oversee the building and commissioning into the SAN, of three strike craft. The project team consisted of the Armaments Board (AB, Armscor after 1977 team as well as the SAN project team. While the AB/Armscor had to oversee the building process, the SAN team had to prepare to take the vessels into service.

  8. Data compilation of periphyton colonized on artificial substrates placed in the Sacramento and Feather Rivers, California, 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britton, Linda J.; Ferreira, Rodger F.

    1979-01-01

    Periphyton was collected from artificial substrates placed in the Sacramento and Feather rivers, California, and analyzed to determine the rate of colonization and succession of periphyton types with time. Samples for determination of water-quality characteristics, especially suspended-sediment concentrations, that might have a direct effect on the growth of periphyton were collected during each station visit. This paper describes the methods of data collection and presents qualitative and quantitative findings of periphyton collected during two colonization periods (August 5-September 5, 1975, and November 28-December 29, 1975) and associated water-quality data. (Woodard-USGS)

  9. ¿Para qué bailar? : La Escuela Nacional de Danza de Uruguay (1975-1985)

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo forma parte de una tesis incompleta de la Maestría en Ciencias Humanas, opción Estudios Latinoamericanos, de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad de la República, Uruguay, y es sobre los primeros 10 años de historia de la División Ballet de la Escuela Nacional de Danza de Uruguay (1975-1985). La Escuela Nacional de Danza fue creada en 1975, en pleno proceso de la dictadura cívica militar uruguaya para formar alumnos en ballet clásico y...

  10. 社会脆弱性:民国时期河南灾后饥荒的致因——以1942—1943年中原大饥荒为例%Social Vulnerability: the Reason of Henan Famine In the Republic of China--1942-1943 Famine in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄兴华

    2012-01-01

    In the Republic of China, Henan is typical areas which occur frequently natural disasters. Social vulnerability often caused the process from the disaster to the famine. Through 1942's natural disaster re-search, We found a high degree of inequality of the right to get the food in a class society, the life's indif-ference of the governor who regarded the political interests above all others, and the failure of public or-ganization under the structure of centralization-oriented organization.%民国时期的河南是天灾频发的典型地域。透过1942—1943年中原大饥荒中自然灾害的面纱,我们看到的是阶级社会里获取粮食权利的高度不平等、将政治利益置于一切之上的统治者对生命的漠视以及金字塔式组织结构之下公共性质组织的严重失效。

  11. "贝奈斯公式"与1943年苏捷条约——兼论战后苏联对中东欧政策的缘起%"The Benes Formular" and the Treaty of 1943 between Soviet Union and Czechoslovakia——The Causes of USSR's policies in Central Europe after WWII

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕雪峰

    2007-01-01

    慕尼黑事件发生后,贝奈斯重新思考捷克斯洛伐克在东西方之间定位的问题,提出了使捷克斯洛伐克充当"东西方桥梁"的思想.苏德战争爆发后,苏联和英国在缔结苏英同盟条约谈判的过程中,围绕战后捷克斯洛伐克的命运问题展开了争论,斯大林作出了抛开分歧,未来将以武力解决的决定.1943年斯大林格勒战役结束后,捷克斯洛伐克由苏联解放的前景渐趋明朗,贝奈斯从捷克斯洛伐克的利益出发,下定决心一定要同苏联签订条约.针对英国的反对意见,斯大林建议在苏捷条约中加入今后波兰加入条约的可能性的规定.苏捷条约充分体现了大国之间协调利益而决定小国命运的战后国际关系的特点.

  12. A Study to Ascertain the Feasibility of Joint Efforts to Establish a Comprehensive Health Care Delivery System Utilizing Hill-Burton Constructed Hospital,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-12-15

    Closing Hospitals - Maybe Even Yours", Medical Economics (3 February 1975): 150. 3. "Senator Long Calls For Government Subsidy to Close Down, Convert...HN1 would enjoy limited • and known on- call responsibilities and vacations with adequate patient 61 coverage. In addition, other fringe benefits...Financial Manaerent (November 1975): 10-12. Holahan , John. "Foundations for Medical Care: An &Tperical Investigation of the Delivery of Health Services

  13. Políticas de Estabilización en Chile: Inflación, Desempleo y Depresión 1975-1982

    OpenAIRE

    Hernán Cortés-Douglas

    1983-01-01

    An analysis of the stabilization policies pursued in the 1975-1982 period must pay particular attention to the use of exchange rate policy as a variable affecting inflationary expectations. Both depressions, the one initiated in 1975 and in 1981, were hea

  14. l275np.m77t - MGD77 data file for Geophysical data from feld activity L-2-75-NP in Gulf of Alaska from 08/25/1975 to 09/04/1975

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Single-beam bathymetry and magnetics data along with DGPS navigation data was collected as part of field activity L-2-75-NP in Gulf of Alaska from 08/25/1975 to...

  15. Fuel Economy Regulations and Efficiency Technology Improvements in U.S. Cars Since 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKenzie, Donald Warren

    Light-duty vehicles account for 43% of petroleum consumption and 23% of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards are the primary policy tool addressing petroleum consumption in the U.S., and are set to tighten substantially through 2025. In this dissertation, I address several interconnected questions on the technical, policy, and market aspects of fuel consumption reduction. I begin by quantifying historic improvements in fuel efficiency technologies since the 1970s. First. I develop a linear regression model of acceleration performance conditional on power, weight, powertrain, and body characteristics, showing that vehicles today accelerate 20-30% faster than vehicles with similar specifications in the 1970s. Second, I find that growing use of alternative materials and a switch to more weight-efficient vehicle architectures since 1975 have cut the weight of today's new cars by approximately 790 kg (46%). Integrating these results with model-level specification data, I estimate that the average fuel economy of new cars could have tripled from 1975-2009, if not for changes in performance, size, and features over this period. The pace of improvements was not uniform, averaging 5% annually from 1975-1990, but only 2% annually since then. I conclude that the 2025 standards can be met through improvements in efficiency technology, if we can return to 1980s rates of improvement, and growth in acceleration performance and feature content is curtailed. I next test the hypotheses that higher fuel prices and more stringent CAFE standards cause automotive firms to deploy efficiency technologies more rapidly. I find some evidence that higher fuel prices cause more rapid changes in technology, but little to no evidence that tighter CAFE standards increase rates of technology change. I conclude that standards alone, without continued high gasoline prices, may not drive technology improvements at rates needed to meet the 2025

  16. EVOLUCIÓN DE LA MORTALIDAD ATRIBUIBLE AL TABACO EN LAS ISLAS CANARIAS (1975-1994

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis M Bello Luján

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la mortalidad atribuible al consumo de tabaco en las Islas Canarias durante el período 1975-1994. Método: Las defunciones por edad, sexo y causa desde 1975 a 1994 se obtuvieron del Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Movimiento Natural Población. A partir de las Encuestas de Salud de España y Canarias se tomaron los porcentajes de nunca fumadores, fumadores y ex-fumadores de la población canaria por edad y sexo. Los riesgos relativos de muerte se obtuvieron del Cancer Prevention Study II, llevado a cabo en Estados Unidos de América. Se calculó la proporción de muertes atribuibles al tabaco para cada año, sexo y grupo de edad a partir de la fracción atribuible poblacional. Así mismo, se calculó la tendencia de la mortalidad atribuible para dicho período expresada como el cambio porcentual medio anual de las tasas de la mortalidad ajustadas por edad, mediante un modelo log-lineal. Resultados: Durante el período 1975-1994, el número de fallecimientos atribuidos al tabaco aumentó un 64%. Por grandes causas, se observó en el período de estudio, un aumento de las neoplasias del 108%, una disminución de las enfermedades cardiovasculares del 32% y un incremento de las enfermedades respiratorias del 15,5%. Se observó también que el número de fallecidos aumenta con la edad, siendo el grupo de edad de 65 años y más en el que se presentan más muertes por el tabaco. Conclusiones: En las Islas Canarias, más del 20% de todas las muertes en 1994 se pueden atribuir al tabaco. Esto sugiere que las medidas introducidas para controlar el tabaquismo son insuficientes.

  17. It is over three decades of graduate education in Epizootiology at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria (1975–2011): is there a need to revise the curriculum?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olugasa, Babasola Oluseyi; Ijagbone, Ighodalo Folorunso; Esuruoso, Gabriel Oluwole

    2012-01-01

    Epizootiology is the study of variable factors, events, forces and circumstances that contribute to the occurrence, distribution, control and prevention of ill-health, diseases and other problems in animal groups. It is a key component of veterinary medicine education at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria since 1975. It started as a Graduate Certificate in Epizootiology (GCE) in 1976. Later it was revised into M.Sc. Epizootiology in 1986. At graduate level, epizootiology curriculum has supported the M.Sc. Epizootiology programme. It compliments training in Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine. This epizootiology curriculum has been operational at graduate level for more than three decades. Now in 2011, a consortium of English speaking West African Universities is committed to review the current curriculum at the University of Ibadan to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world with scope for internationalized practicum in disease investigation. Emphases are made towards skills development in molecular studies on disease causal agents and the mapping of associated geographic risk factors, including indigenous knowledge and practices. It is notable that most English-speaking West African countries including Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Gambia either lack a Veterinary School or just started some, but do not have graduate programme in Epizootiology. Thus, the curriculum at Ibadan is positioned to make impact in three key areas, namely, sub-regional ecosystem health studies, improving human-animal disease surveillance programmes, and in indigenization of bio-technology for monitoring and evaluation of trans-boundary animal disease control interventions for global health in West Africa. PMID:23024829

  18. Temperature profile data from STD/CTD casts from the MOANA WAVE from the Pacific Ocean during the International Decade of Ocean Exploration / North Pacific Experiment (IDOE/NORPAX) project, 22 February to 27 May 1975 (NODC Accession 7800703)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature and salinity profile data were collected using STD/CTD casts from MOANA WAVE in the Pacific Ocean from February 22, 1975 to May 27, 1975. Data were...

  19. Physical and fluorescence data collected using moored buoy casts as part of the IDOE/POLYMODE (International Decade of Ocean Exploration / combination of USSR POLYGON project and US MODE) from 07 December 1975 to 03 January 1977 (NODC Accession 7700569)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Physical and fluorescence data were collected using moored buoy from May 4, 1975 to December 18, 1975. Data were submitted by Massachusetts Institute of Technology;...

  20. Bob Dobinson (1943-2004)

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Bob Dobinson died, very unexpectedly, in England on Thursday 19th February. Bob came to CERN as a NATO Fellow in April 1968, directly after gaining his PhD in London. He joined the CERN-Rome Group, carrying out experiments both at the CERN PS and at Serpukhov. He became a CERN fellow before being appointed as a Staff Member in 1971. His professional interests were always in the area of electronics, instrumentation, networking and computing at the "front-end" of experiments. In that context, mention must be made of his outstanding work in driving the CAMAC standard, and his later work on FASTBUS; of his leadership of the European Muon Collaboration's online team and of his support, as a user, for standard PDP-11 data acquisition software; of his interest in Ethernet at all times from its very initial use to inter-connect computers to his latest work with the Gigabit and 10 Gigabit versions as the basis for data transmission within experiments. Bob lived life the way he wanted to, and wit...

  1. Missouri River 1943 Compact Line

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — Flood Control, Bank Stabilization and development of a navigational channel on the Missouri River had a great impact on the river and adjacent lands. The new...

  2. Bob Dobinson (1943-2004)

    CERN Multimedia

    Bee, C; Mapelli, L; Wickens, F. J

    It was a great shock to the many friends and colleagues of Bob Dobinson to hear of his sudden and unexpected death in England on Thursday 19th February. Bob came to CERN in April 1968 and his professional interests were always in the area of electronics, instrumentation, networking and computing at the "front-end" of experiments. These interests included Ethernet, right from its very initial use to interconnect computers to his latest work with the Gigabit and 10 Gigabit versions as the basis for data transmission for experiments, both in the DAQ and between computing centres. Bob lived life the way he wanted to, and with great energy. He drove himself hard and generated enthusiasm amongst his collaborators to do the same. Always willing to learn from first principles about topics that interested him, he persisted with questions until he had obtained a full understanding. He was a first-class teacher, and he held positions as Visiting Professor at the Universities of Liverpool and London. He was also an exc...

  3. ESEA Title VII Bilingual/Bicultural Education Program; Programa de Educacion Bilingue/Bicultural 1975-1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milwaukee Public Schools, WI. Dept. of Educational Research and Program Assessment.

    This is the annual evaluation report of the Title VII components of the Milwaukee Bilingual/Bicultural Education Program funded by Title I and Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1967 and the Milwaukee Public Schools. The results of the 1975-76 assessment of pupil progress toward achievement of the program's academic and…

  4. The effect of climate variability on pollen productivity, AD 1975-2000, recorded in a Sphagnum peat hummock

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sjögren, P.; van Leeuwen, J.F.N.; van der Knaap, W.O.; van der Borg, K.

    2006-01-01

    Pollen accumulation rates and pollen percentages from a Sphagnum peat hummock in the Jura Mountains were used to determine past pollen deposition. Post-bomb calibrated radiocarbon dates allowed estimations of annual variability in pollen productivity AD 1975-2000. Percentages of abundant taxa were m

  5. Oil Pipelines, Politics and International Business : The Rotterdam Oil Port, Royal Dutch Shell and the German Hinterland, 1945-1975

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Boon (Marten)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstractThe dissertation questions how and why the transition from coal to oil affected the economic relations between the Port of Rotterdam and its German hinterland between 1945 and 1975. From the 1880s onwards, Rotterdam had become the main seaport of the German industrial heartland in th

  6. List of descriptions and other taxonomic proposals on american sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae: 1975-1993

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Brisóla Marcondes

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available A check-list of new species, descriptions of other sex of previously described species, redescriptions, proposals of synonymy, and new status for species previously in synonymy or described as subspecies for american sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae, for the period 1975-1993, and not included in the revision of Martins el at. (1978, are presented.

  7. Nguyễn Văn Khoan (1890-1975). An odd man out of Vietnamese anthropology?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleinen, J.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: Nguyễn Văn Khoan (1890-1975), an almost forgotten scholar, but still quoted by contemporaries: there is the great enigma of a man forgotten outside his family, but as an author still present in the scientific literature on Vietnam. This article examines the life and the career of an anthro

  8. Fast or slow food? Explaining trends in food-related time in the Netherlands, 1975-2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mandemakers, J.J.; Roeters, A.

    2015-01-01

    The current study analysed trends in the time spent preparing and consuming food and the frequency of outsourcing (going out for dinner and take-out) in the Netherlands from 1975 to 2005. We investigated differences between trends on week and weekend days and for different socio-demographic groups.

  9. Fast or slow food? Explaining trends in food-related time in the Netherlands, 1975–2005

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mandemakers, J.J.; Roeters, Anne

    2014-01-01

    The current study analysed trends in the time spent preparing and consuming food and the frequency of outsourcing (going out for dinner and take-out) in the Netherlands from 1975 to 2005. We investigated differences between trends on week and weekend days and for different socio-demographic groups.

  10. Do prevailing societal models influence reports of near-death experiences?: a comparison of accounts reported before and after 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athappilly, Geena K; Greyson, Bruce; Stevenson, Ian

    2006-03-01

    Transcendental near-death experiences show some cross-cultural variation that suggests they may be influenced by societal beliefs. The prevailing Western model of near-death experiences was defined by Moody's description of the phenomenon in 1975. To explore the influence of this cultural model, we compared near-death experience accounts collected before and after 1975. We compared the frequency of 15 phenomenological features Moody defined as characteristic of near-death experiences in 24 accounts collected before 1975 and in 24 more recent accounts matched on relevant demographic and situational variables. Near-death experience accounts collected after 1975 differed from those collected earlier only in increased frequency of tunnel phenomena, which other research has suggested may not be integral to the experience, and not in any of the remaining 14 features defined by Moody as characteristic of near-death experiences. These data challenge the hypothesis that near-death experience accounts are substantially influenced by prevailing cultural models.

  11. Selected Bibliography and Abstracts of Educational Materials in Pakistan, Vol. 9, No. 2, Period Covered April-June 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saad, Geti, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography lists 101 entries of selected educational materials published in Pakistan during the period April through June 1975. Pakistani journals, newspapers, and government publications provide the source of the materials. They are organized into 28 categories: administration, organization, and financing of education; adult…

  12. The Academic Librarian Labor Market and the Role of the Master of Library Science Degree: 1975 through 2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grimes, Marybeth F.; Grimes, Paul W.

    2008-01-01

    To examine the evolving role of the Master of Library Science (MLS) degree in academic libraries, pooled cross-sectional data were collected from job advertisements in "College and Research Library News." Beginning with 1975 and continuing at 5-year intervals through 2005, pertinent information from all job advertisements in each monthly issue…

  13. Geographical Mobility: March 1975 to March 1977. Current Population Reports, Population Characteristics, Series P-20, No. 320.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bureau of the Census (DOC), Suitland, MD. Population Div.

    This document examines the geographical mobility of population in the United States from 1975 to 1977. It is divided into three main parts. The first part briefly traces the interregional migration of blacks, the black return migration to their region of birth, the interregional migration of whites, and the metropolitan and nonmetropolitan…

  14. The Indian Students University Program Services (I.S.U.P.S.). Third Evaluation Report, 1975-76.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Ian R., Comp.; Moore-Eyman, E., Comp.

    As the third report on ISUPS, this 1975-76 evaluation presents reports by: the Academic Coordinator (policy, procedure, and changes re: outreach programs; funding; student characteristics; the coordinating role; student input; admissions; and facilities); the Tutor (registration; course planning; library use; academics; and recommendations for a…

  15. Re-Examining the Curriculum Development Centre: Coordinative Federalism and Kingdon's Agenda-Setting (1975-87)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodwell, Grant

    2016-01-01

    During period 1975 through to 1987 the Commonwealth ventured into curriculum development, hitherto an activity for states and territories. Unlike the ACARA Curriculum of the Rudd-Gillard-Rudd governments, there was nothing mandatory about the CDC's curriculum development activities. Here, the dominant influence was coordinative federalism. This…

  16. Monetary policy and inflation in Brazil (1975-2000: a VAR estimation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minella André

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates monetary policy and basic macroeconomic relationships involving output, inflation rate, interest rate, and money in Brazil. Based on a vector autoregressive (VAR estimation, it compares three different periods: moderately-increasing inflation (1975-1985, high inflation (1985-1994, and low inflation (1994-2000. The main results are the following: monetary policy shocks have significant effects on output; monetary policy shocks do not induce a reduction in the inflation rate in the first two periods, but there are indications that they have gained power to affect prices after the Real Plan was launched; monetary policy does not usually respond rapidly or actively to inflation-rate and output innovations; in the recent period, the interest rate responds intensely to financial crises; positive interest-rate shocks are accompanied by a decline in money in all the three periods; the degree of inflation persistence is substantially lower in the recent period.

  17. Numerical simulation for 1975 Haicheng and 1999 Xiuyan earthquake processes by DDA+FEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Rui-qing; WEI Fu-sheng; QIAO Cheng-bin; LIN Bang-hui

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, using discontinuous deformation analysis, we simulate numerically the processes of the 1975 Haicheng earthquake and the 1999 Xiuyan earthquake in the tectonic environment of North China where blocks restrict each other by DDA+FEM. Based on the research on the distribution of foreshocks and recent aftershocks of Xiuyan earthquake and the results from our study and other study on Haicheng earthquake, we present a tectonic block model of Haicheng and Xiuyan earthquakes. The results from numerical simulation include the variation of principal stress field released by these two earthquakes, contour patterns of maximum shear stress change, variation patterns of displacement vectors before and after the earthquakes and variation of the earthquake fault slip with time, which agree basically with the focal mechanisms, macroscopic isoseismal and horizontal displacement characters from observations.

  18. Patterns of reported rape in a tri-ethnic population: Houston, Texas, 1974--1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanford, J; Cryer, L; Christensen, B L; Mattox, K L

    1979-05-01

    Police records of reported rape, compiled for the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports, in Houston, Texas for 1974 and 1975, were analyzed in relation to ethnicity and age of victim/offender, and time and place of occurrence. Blacks had the highest race-specific rates for both victims and offenders; the majority of all rapes were intraracial. The high-risk age group for both victims and offenders was from 20 to 24 years. Rapes increased slightly during the summer months, peaked during the hours of darkness, and were fairly evenly distributed among the days of the week. The weekend calculated as from 4:00 pm Friday to 8:00 am Monday accounted for 43.6 per cent of all rape occurrences. The majority of rape events involved the use of a lethal weapon and took place in a residence.

  19. Descriptive epidemiology of bovine tuberculosis in michigan (1975-2010): lessons learned.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okafor, Chika C; Grooms, Daniel L; Bruning-Fann, Colleen S; Averill, James J; Kaneene, John B

    2011-01-01

    Despite ongoing eradication efforts, bovine tuberculosis (BTB) remains a challenge in Michigan livestock and wildlife. The objectives of this study were to (1) review the epidemiology of BTB in Michigan cattle, privately owned cervids, and wildlife between 1975 and 2010 and (2) identify important lessons learned from the review and eradication strategies. BTB information was accessed from the Michigan BTB Eradication Project agencies. Cattle herds (49), privately owned deer herds (4), and wild white-tailed deer (668) were found infected with BTB during the review period. BTB has occurred primarily in counties located at the northern portion of the state's Lower Peninsula. Currently used BTB eradication strategies have successfully controlled BTB spread. However additional changes in BTB surveillance, prevention, and eradication strategies could improve eradication efforts.

  20. Descriptive Epidemiology of Bovine Tuberculosis in Michigan (1975–2010: Lessons Learned

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chika C. Okafor

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite ongoing eradication efforts, bovine tuberculosis (BTB remains a challenge in Michigan livestock and wildlife. The objectives of this study were to (1 review the epidemiology of BTB in Michigan cattle, privately owned cervids, and wildlife between 1975 and 2010 and (2 identify important lessons learned from the review and eradication strategies. BTB information was accessed from the Michigan BTB Eradication Project agencies. Cattle herds (49, privately owned deer herds (4, and wild white-tailed deer (668 were found infected with BTB during the review period. BTB has occurred primarily in counties located at the northern portion of the state's Lower Peninsula. Currently used BTB eradication strategies have successfully controlled BTB spread. However additional changes in BTB surveillance, prevention, and eradication strategies could improve eradication efforts.

  1. The negligible influence of premarital cohabitation on marital fertility in current Danish cohorts, 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoem, J M; Selmer, R

    1984-05-01

    This paper studies the influence of premarital cohabitation on marital fertility by applying life table methods to data for cohorts of Danish women born in 1926-1955, collected in retrospective interviews made in 1975. For each five-year cohort, the data have been analyzed by duration of marriage or by duration since previous birth, for women who had no reported births before marriage. Our main empirical results are: (a) that women who married at age 15-19 had higher rates of marital first and second births than those married at ages 20-24, and (b) that premarital cohabitation had very little influence on births of these two first orders in our data.

  2. Food security and food insecurity in Europe: An analysis of the academic discourse (1975-2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borch, Anita; Kjærnes, Unni

    2016-08-01

    In this paper we address the academic discourse on food insecurity and food security in Europe as expressed in articles published in scientific journals in the period 1975 to 2013. The analysis indicates that little knowledge has been produced on this subject, and that the limited research that has been produced tends to focus on the production of food rather than on people's access to food. The lack of knowledge about European food insecurity is particularly alarming in these times, which are characterised by increasing social inequalities and poverty, as well as shifting policy regimes. More empirical, comparative and longitudinal research is needed to survey the extent of food security problems across European countries over time. There is also a need to identify groups at risk of food insecurity as well as legal, economic, practical, social, and psychological constraints hindering access to appropriate and sufficient food.

  3. Tunis’s New Mosques Constructed Between 1975 and 1995: Morphological Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    imen cherif

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The mosque has always been a prominent unit that used to structure the old Islamic cites. Its architecture through the Muslim world has always aroused the interest of many researchers. Actually, mosques are still built while undergoing the changes which occurred on the modern societies. However, only few research who have been interested in the new mosques. This paper targets the architecture of mosques built in Tunis governorate between 1975 and 1995. Through a morphological analysis of 24 mosques we were able to determine their identity and their morphological structure. According to their form and position, we discovered classes of specimen and classes of segments. Our corpus presents several constants and variations that we can explain though the introduction of some extrinsic attributes. In fact, these architectural objects possess some morphological specifications related to some urban, functional and historical factors.

  4. Energy-related doctoral scientists and engineers in the United States, 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-11-01

    The pursuit of a vigorous research and development program to provide renewable and other resources to meet U. S. energy needs in the next century is an important objective of President Carter's National Energy Plan. A highly educated and motivated pool of engineers and scientists must be available for energy research and development if this objective is to be achieved. This report provides, for the first time, information about the number and characteristics of doctoral-level engineers and scientists in primarily energy-related activities. These data for the year 1975 will become part of the data base for a program of continuing studies on the employment and utilization of all scientists and engineers involved in energy-related activities. Information is provided for employment in the following fields: mathematics; physics/astronomy; chemistry; Earth, Environment, and Marine Sciences; Engineering; Life Sciences; Psychology; Social Sciences; Arts and Humanities; and Education and Business.

  5. La evolución político-institucional en Bolivia entre 1975 a 2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Rivera S.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda el estudio de la evolución político-institucional en Bolivia entre 1975 a 2005; con un análisis descriptivo del proceso que abarca el régimen democrático de gobierno, incluyendo el sistema político, el sistema electoral, los partidos políticos y mecanismos de participación ciudadana; el sistema judicial; los derechos fundamentales; y los mecanismos de defensa de la Constitución; para luego identificar los aspectos singulares de ese proceso de evolución; y concluyendo el mismo con una reflexión sobre los avances y amenazas para la democracia.

  6. Growth and pattern of intra-industry trade between India and Bangladesh: 1975–2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Sushil

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigates the intra-industry trade between India and Bangladesh over the period of 1975 to 2010. GL index is used to calculate intraindustry trade at the three-digit level of SITC. The study also calculated the trade complementarity index, and revealed comparative index. The extent of intra-industry trade is high in sectors like crude materials, inedible, except fuels, food and live animals. The study also reveals mismatch between Indian imports and Bangladesh exports. The present study indicates positive effect on consumer surplus and trade using SMART model. Finally, the paper suggests that Bangladesh should diversify his export structure to reduce the bilateral trade deficit on the basis of comparative advantage

  7. Physics, Computer Science and Mathematics Division annual report, 1 January--31 December 1975. [LBL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lepore, J.L. (ed.)

    1975-01-01

    This annual report describes the scientific research and other work carried out during the calendar year 1975. The report is nontechnical in nature, with almost no data. A 17-page bibliography lists the technical papers which detail the work. The contents of the report include the following: experimental physics (high-energy physics--SPEAR, PEP, SLAC, FNAL, BNL, Bevatron; particle data group; medium-energy physics; astrophysics, astronomy, and cosmic rays; instrumentation development), theoretical physics (particle theory and accelerator theory and design), computer science and applied mathematics (data management systems, socio-economic environment demographic information system, computer graphics, computer networks, management information systems, computational physics and data analysis, mathematical modeling, programing languages, applied mathematics research), real-time systems (ModComp and PDP networks), and computer center activities (systems programing, user services, hardware development, computer operations). A glossary of computer science and mathematics terms is also included. 32 figures. (RWR)

  8. A política externa de Angola na África Austral (1975-1992)

    OpenAIRE

    Tchova, Daniel Chico

    2015-01-01

    Este trabalho se destina analisar a forma como se desenrolou a política externa de Angola na África Austral, no período de 1975 á 1992 e aferir que elementos terão concorrido para que um partido de orientação política e ideológica socialista de inspiração soviética lograsse conquistar o poder em Angola e conseguisse fazer vingar a linha da sua política externa na região, apesar de contar com a forte oposição de uma série de países mais fortes e com governos consolidados como a África do Sul e...

  9. Foreign students enrolled in the medicine and pharmacy higher education in Romania (1975-1989).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maier, Valentin

    2016-01-01

    After 1948 the Romanian higher education entered a period of important developments, controlled by the communist regime, which meant thathigher educationinstitutions autonomy was severely obstructed, while politicalpurges affected the teaching staff and students alike. Nevertheless, new types of higher education were introduced and new institutions of higher education and specializations were established. The number of students and graduates increased accordingly. Also, after 1975, the number of foreign students in Romanian higher education registered a significant increase mainly in medicine and pharmacy. More than half of foreign students attracted by the Romanian higher education were studying medicine and pharmacy. Many interesting aspects of this situation are presented in this article: reasons for this attraction, statistics of total number of students, number of freshmen, number of graduates and the contribution of each institution of medicine and pharmacy higher education in attracting the foreign students.

  10. FTS Spectra from the Mayall 4-m Telescope, 1975-1995

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilachowski, Catherine A.; Hinkle, Kenneth H.; Young, Michael; Dennis, Harold; Gopu, Arvind; Henschel, Robert; Hayashi, Soichi

    2017-01-01

    The complete archive of spectra obtained with the Fourier Transform Spectrometers in use at the Mayall 4m telescope at the Kitt Peak National Observatory from 1975 through 1995 is now available to the community. The archive is hosted at Indiana University Bloomington, and includes nearly 10,000 individual spectra of more than 800 different astronomical sources. The FTS produced spectra in the wavelength regime from roughly 0.9 to 5 microns (11,000 to 2000 cm-1), mostly at relatively high spectral resolution. The archive can be searched to identify specific spectra of interest, and the spectra can be viewed online and downloaded in FITS format for analysis. Once a spectrum of interest has been identified, all spectra taken on the same date are provided to allow users to identify appropriate hot star spectra for telluric line division.The archive can be accessed on the web at https://sparc.sca.iu.edu">https://sparc.sca.iu.edu.

  11. Aftershocks of the 8 July, 1975 Canal De Las Ballenas, Gulf of California, earthquake

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Munguia, L.; Reichle, M.; Reyes, A.; Simons, R.; Brune, J.

    1977-11-01

    A M/sub s/-6.5 earthquake occurred on 8 July, 1975 in the northern part of the Gulf of California. The calculated seismic moment is 2 x 10/sup 25/ dyne-cm. This event occurred in a region of particular interest since the position of the transform fault in this region was not well known and had been locked for at least 20 years. Over 180 aftershocks were located along a zone 54 Km long, 10 Km wide and 10--15 Km deep running between Baja California and Isla Angel de la Guarda. The depth of the aftershock zone is somewhat greater than that found in previous studies in the Gulf. The aftershock trend and that of the fault plane solution is consistent with an event occurring along a vertical strike-slip fault with motion in the direction of known regional plate movement.

  12. Commercial demand for energy: a disaggregated approach. [Model validation for 1970-1975; forecasting to 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jackson, J.R.; Cohn, S.; Cope, J.; Johnson, W.S.

    1978-04-01

    This report describes the structure and forecasting accuracy of a disaggregated model of commercial energy use recently developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The model forecasts annual commercial energy use by ten building types, five end uses, and four fuel types. Both economic (utilization rate, fuel choice, capital-energy substitution) and technological factors (equipment efficiency, thermal characteristics of buildings) are explicitly represented in the model. Model parameters are derived from engineering and econometric analysis. The model is then validated by simulating commercial energy use over the 1970--1975 time period. The model performs well both with respect to size of forecast error and ability to predict turning points. The model is then used to evaluate the energy-use implications of national commercial buildings standards based on the ASHRAE 90-75 recommendations. 10 figs., 12 tables, 14 refs.

  13. Foreign students enrolled in the medicine and pharmacy higher education in Romania (1975–1989)

    Science.gov (United States)

    MAIER, VALENTIN

    2016-01-01

    After 1948 the Romanian higher education entered a period of important developments, controlled by the communist regime, which meant thathigher educationinstitutions autonomy was severely obstructed, while politicalpurges affected the teaching staff and students alike. Nevertheless, new types of higher education were introduced and new institutions of higher education and specializations were established. The number of students and graduates increased accordingly. Also, after 1975, the number of foreign students in Romanian higher education registered a significant increase mainly in medicine and pharmacy. More than half of foreign students attracted by the Romanian higher education were studying medicine and pharmacy. Many interesting aspects of this situation are presented in this article: reasons for this attraction, statistics of total number of students, number of freshmen, number of graduates and the contribution of each institution of medicine and pharmacy higher education in attracting the foreign students. PMID:27152087

  14. Artistas españolas en la dictadura de Franco (1939–1975 = Spanish Women Artists during Franco’s Dictatorship (1939–1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Muñoz López

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Se muestra la presencia y la trayectoria de las artistas en la Dictadura de Franco (1939–1975.Objetivos:1. Mostrar su presencia y su actividad en el arte de la época a través de la bibliografía, artículos, catálogos de exposiciones y documentos.2. Análisis y recuperación de la actividad de las artistas en el periodo de la Dictadura de Franco.3. Contribuir a la investigación sobre la historia de las mujeres, así como a un mejor conocimiento de las mujeres artistas para incidir en su visibilización en la Historia del Arte.Metodología: búsqueda de información, estudio y análisis en orden cronológico.Conclusiones: presencia destacada pero menor valoración social y artística.The paper shows the presence and the path of the artists during the Franco’s Dictatorship Age (1939–1975.Goals:1. To show her presence and activity in the art of the period from the bibliography, articles, catalogs and documents.2. To analyse and recovery of the activity of the artists in the period of the dictatorship of Franco.3. To contribute to the research about the history of the women and as a better knowledge about the women artists to increase visibility of the women in the history of art.Methodology: search of information, study and analysis of the temporal order.Conclusions: it shows the prominent presence of the women but with less social and artistic value. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} st1\\:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal

  15. Informaciones políticas (1975-1979: el “Parlamento de papel

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    Domingo García Ramos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available La prensa escrita desempeñó un importante protagonismo en el proceso de la transición a la democracia en España. Durante los primeros años de los setenta el diario Informaciones representó la apuesta más clara por una salida democrática al régimen de Franco desde una perspectiva liberal y reformista. Desde 1975 el periódico publicó el suplemento "Informaciones Políticas", donde pudieron exponerse libremente las opiniones de los más importantes analistas y dirigentes políticos, muchos de ellos todavía en situación de ilegalidad. Este artículo pretende resaltar la contribución del suplemento como expresión de lo que entonces se denominó "el parlamento de papel" y su influencia en la configuración de lo que luego sería el "centro democrático".Palabras clave: prensa, transición, Informaciones Políticas__________________AbstractThe press was involved in the process of transition to democracy in Spain. During early 1970, the daily information clearly defended the democratic choice of the Franco regime in a liberal and reformist perspective. Since 1975, the newspaper published the supplement "Informaciones Políticas", setting forth the views of leading analysts and political leaders, many still in an illegal situation. This article seeks to highlight the contribution of the supplement as an expression of what was then called "el parlamento de papel". Its influence in shaping what would become the "centro democrático".Keywords: press, transition, Informaciones Políticas

  16. Transuranium Processing Plant semiannual report of production, status, and plans for period ending December 31, 1975

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    King, L.J.; Bigelow, J.E.; Collins, E.D.

    1976-10-01

    Between July 1, 1975, and December 31, 1975, maintenance was conducted at TRU for a period of three months, 295 g of curium oxide (enough for approximately 26 HFIR targets) were prepared, 100 mg of high-purity /sup 248/Cm, were separated from /sup 252/Cf that had been purified during earlier periods, 11 HFIR targets were fabricated, and 28 product shipments were made. No changes were made in the chemical processing flowsheets normally used at TRU during this report period. However, three equipment racks were replaced (with two new racks) during this time. In Cubicle 6, the equipment replaced was that used to decontaminate the transplutonium elements from rare earth fission products and to separate curium from the heavier elements by means of the LiCl-based anion-exchange process. In Cubicle 5, the equipment used to separate the transcurium elements by high-pressure ion exchange and to purify berkelium by batch solvent extraction was replaced. Two neutron sources were fabricated, bringing the total fabricated to 79. One source that had been used in a completed project was returned to the TRU inventory and is available for reissue. Three sources, for which no further use was foreseen, were processed to isolate and recover the ingrown /sup 248/Cm and the residual /sup 252/Cf. Eight pellets, each containing 100 ..mu..g of high-purity /sup 248/Cm were prepared for irradiation in HFIR to study the production of /sup 250/Cm. The values currently being used for transuranium element decay data and for cross-section data in planning irradiation-processing cycles, calculating production forecasts, and assaying products are tabulated.

  17. Primeiras dissertações do curso de mestrado da escola de enfermagem Anna Nery (1972-1975 Primeras disertaciones del curso de maestría de la escuela de enfermería Anna Nery (1972-1975 First dissertations of the Anna Nery nursing school master's degree program (1972-1975

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Ribeiro Machado

    2011-06-01

    , el foco de interés de su práctica de enseñanza. La maestría de EEAN calificó profesionales para enseñar en los cursos superiores de enfermería. Las nueve primeras disertaciones producidas en el curso constituyeron importante contribución para la producción científica de enfermería.This is a social-historical study that focuses on the conditions relative to the production of the first dissertations of the Anna Nery Nursing School Master's Degree Program, prepared during the period of 1972 to 1975. Objectives: to describe the initial characteristics of EEAN Master's Degree Program; analyze the profile of the authors of this Program's first dissertations and their advisors; and discuss the insertion of these dissertations in the lines and areas of research in nursing. A documental analysis was accomplished and charts were prepared for the presentation of the results. Results: Nine of the twelve full-time students of the pioneer class submitted their dissertations prior to the final term, which was four years. Although eight of the Master's Degree students were teachers, approximately 90% of their dissertations are inserted in the Health Care Area, the focus of interest of their teaching practice. The EEAN Master's Degree Program has qualified professionals to teach in higher education nursing courses. The nine first dissertations produced during the program constitute an important contribution to the scientific production of the nursing area.

  18. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7: family princeps’ history, genealogy and geographical distribution Ataxia espinocerebelar do tipo 7 (AEC7: história, genealogia e distribuição geográfica da família princeps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salomão da Cunha Linhares

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available We conducted a 320 year retrospective survey of the history and genealogy of a large Brazilian family with SCA7. The ancestral couple was from the State of Ceará, Brazil, and the genealogical tree was composed of 577 individuals, including 217 males (37.6%, 255 females (44.1% and 105 individuals of unknown sex (18.1%. Based on collected information, the 118 individuals consistently affected were distributed in generations IV (n=2, V (n=28, VI (n=57, VII (n=25 and VIII (n=6 of the genealogical tree. Sixty affected members are alive, 37 of them (61.6% live in the Northeast region, 12 (20% in the Southeast, 9 (15% in the Center-West and 2 (3.3% in the North. This genealogical survey was based only on 4 of the 10 children of the ancestral couple since the destiny of the remaining 6 is unknown. We propose that other Brazilian families with SCA7 may have the same genetic origin.Avaliamos retrospectivamente 320 anos da história e da genealogia de uma família brasileira portadora de ataxia espinocerebelar do tipo 7 (AEC7. O casal ancestral é oriundo do Estado do Ceará e a árvore genealógica foi composta de 577 indivíduos, sendo 217 do sexo masculino (37,6%, 255 do sexo feminino (44,1% e 105 de sexo ignorado (18,1%. Até o presente momento, 118 indivíduos foram acometidos, distribuídos nas gerações IV (n=2, V (n=28, VI (n=57, VII (n=25 e VIII (n=6 da árvore genealógica. Entre os doentes atualmente vivos (n=60, 37 deles (61,6% encontram-se na região Nordeste, 12 (20% na região Sudeste, 9 (15% na região Centro-Oeste e 2 (3,3% na região Norte. Uma vez que a reconstituição da árvore genealógica foi baseada em apenas 4 dos 10 filhos do casal ancestral devido ao desconhecimento do destino dos outros 6, levantamos a hipótese de que outras famílias brasileiras com AEC7 possam ter a mesma origem genética.

  19. An American health dilemma: a history of blacks in the health system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrd, W M; Clayton, L A

    1992-02-01

    The present black health crisis is a continuum. After 346 years of neglect, flawed efforts were made to admit black Americans to the "mainstream" health system. Gains were significant from 1965 to 1975; however, since then black health status has eroded. Since colonial times, the racial dilemma that affected America's liberal democratic system also distorted medical relationships and institutions. There are clear connections between campaigns to defeat bills that would improve the health of blacks and other disadvantaged groups and acquiescence with the present reassignment of them to the underfunded, overcrowded, inferior, public health-care sector. Physician leadership helped to establish the slaveocracy, create the racial inferiority myths, and build the segregated health subsystem for blacks and the poor. Clearly, if the history-based health disparities are to be resolved, black physician leadership will be necessary. Without justice and equity in health care, the dream of Martin Luther King will never become a reality for African Americans.

  20. Espaçamento para menta (Mentha arvensis L. resultados experimentais do período de 1943-44 a 1950-51 Field experiments on spacing of japanese mint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Ribeiro dos Santos

    1961-01-01

    Full Text Available Para estudar o espaçamento na cultura da menta (Mentha arvensis L., foram efetuados quatro ensaios de campo, um na Estação Experimental de Pindorama e os outros na Estação Experimental de Tietê. No ensaio de Pindorama, instalado em 1943-44, e nos de Tietê, nos anos de 1943-44 e 1944-45. foram adotadas as distâncias de 50, 75 e 100 centímetros entre as fileiras. No experimento de 1950-51, de Tietê, essas distâncias foram um pouco menores: 40, 60 e 80 centímetros. Em todos os ensaios, os espaçamentos adotados entre plantas, nas fileiras, foram de 20 e de 40 centímetros. As produções registraram-se como: erva-verde, a parte vegetativa aérea, recém-ceifada; erva-murcha e óleo essencial, êste obtido por destilarão a vapor em alambique. Os resultados mostraram, de forma consistente, produções significativamente maiores nos espaçamentos mais compactos. Considerações de ordem econômica sôbre o consumo de rizomas para a plantação e necessidades de instalações de viveiro, de mão-de-obra no tratamento dos viveiros e transplante das mudas, são feitas na interpretação dos resultados experimentais.Field experiments is on spacing of Japanese mint (Mentha arvensis L., subsp. haplocalyx Briquet, var. piperascens Holmes or forma piperascens Malinvaud were conducted at the experiment stations of Pindorama and Tietê, during the 1943-44, 1944-45 and 1950-51 seasons. In Brazil, nowadays the leading world supplier of menthol and dementholized oil, mint is generally raised in newly cleared forest soils. In these areas planting is usual|y done at irregular spacings, due to the presence of trunk and branches of the felled trees, the distances between plants being rather wide. Yields, recorded as fresh and cured (wilted hay and oil, were significantly higher from the following spacings: 40 x 20, 50 x 20, 60 x 20 and 50 x 40 centimeters. Considerations on the amount of rhizomes and labor necessary for nurseries and transplanting were