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Sample records for 12-year-old school children

  1. ORAL HEALTH STATUS OF 9 TO 12 YEAR OLD SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN IN URBAN MEERUT

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    Saurabh Sharma

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Oral health is an integral part of general health. Oral Health status has a direct impact on general health and conversely, general health influences oral health. It has also become clear that causative and risk factors in oral diseases are often the same as those implicated in the major general diseases.Hence this study was done to estimate the prevalence, type and degree of oral diseases in the study area. Materials and Method: It is a cross- sectional study design conducted among schools in , Multan Nagar which is the field practice area of department of Community Medicine, SMC (Subharti Medical College, Meerut.A total of 534 school going children aged 9 to 12 years old were examined using standard WHO Oral Health Survey methods. Results: One third of the study population (34.3% had good oral hygiene according to oral hygiene index simplified. The overall prevalence of gingivitis among children was 53.4 percent.The prevalence of dental caries among 9 to 12 year old school going children was 60.1 %. The mean DMFT score of the study population was 0.89.The index study findings revealed a strong relationship between oral health status and socio economic status and mother’s educational status. Conclusion: The overall prevalence of dental caries was high in the study subjects.Mother’s educational status has a significant role in improving the oral health status of children.

  2. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

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    B. B. Badmayeva

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to children; their demands lack clearness and specificity. Both teachers and adults demonstrate helplessness and aloofness, which reflects in children’s consciousness and their attitude to adults, and results in the lost sense of responsibility, infantilism, egoism and moral emptiness of growing generation. The author carried out the comparative analysis of age peculiarities of middle class schoolchildren from comprehensive school. Three development stages were singled out for 10 to 12 year-olds: local caprices, rights understanding, and affirmative functional stage. The personality formation trends concerning the modern day school children are outlined, the external and internal factors determining this formation enumerated. The following influencing phenomena are mentioned, in particular: the essential socio-economic changes, fast spreading of mass-media and computer technologies, low level of parental motivation, replacement of the value-normative system (social anomie etc. The necessity of creating socio-pedagogic conditions relating to the age peculiarities of modern school children is substantiated. 

  3. The Age Peculiarities of 10 to 12 Year-Old School-children

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    B. B. Badmayeva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the problem of children’s development transformation from the standpoints of different authors. The changes in the age borders and childhood structure along with their causes are demonstrated. The childhood crisis is described, its place in the child’s development process identified. The author emphasizes the visible discord between the worlds of adults and children: being less involved in upbringing process nowadays, adults appear to be less exact in their attitude to children; their demands lack clearness and specificity. Both teachers and adults demonstrate helplessness and aloofness, which reflects in children’s consciousness and their attitude to adults, and results in the lost sense of responsibility, infantilism, egoism and moral emptiness of growing generation. The author carried out the comparative analysis of age peculiarities of middle class schoolchildren from comprehensive school. Three development stages were singled out for 10 to 12 year-olds: local caprices, rights understanding, and affirmative functional stage. The personality formation trends concerning the modern day school children are outlined, the external and internal factors determining this formation enumerated. The following influencing phenomena are mentioned, in particular: the essential socio-economic changes, fast spreading of mass-media and computer technologies, low level of parental motivation, replacement of the value-normative system (social anomie etc. The necessity of creating socio-pedagogic conditions relating to the age peculiarities of modern school children is substantiated. 

  4. Normative and perceived orthodontic needs among 12 year old school children in Chennai, India - A comparative study

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    I Meignana Arumugham; S. Sarvanan; Joseph John; P. Sreedhar Reddy

    2010-01-01

    Four schools were selected randomly and all 12 year old children were included in the study. A total of 613 school children (334 boys and 279 girls) were examined. A self-administered pre-tested questionnaire about perceived need to have their teeth straightened was elicited. Clinical examination was carried using Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Chi-square test was done to test the association between normative orthodontic need and perceived orthodontic need. Minor or no anomaly was seen in 350...

  5. Effect of fluoridated water on intelligence in 10-12-year-old school children

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    Aravind, A.; Dhanya, R. S.; Narayan, Ajay; Sam, George; Adarsh, V. J.; Kiran, M.

    2016-01-01

    Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of drinking water fluoride levels with children's intelligence quotient (IQ). Materials and Methods: Water was collected from initially identified endemic fluoride regions according to the geological research of Government of India. Fluoride concentration of the water was assessed by utilizing fluoride ion selective electrode, Orion 9609BN, and categorized on the basis of fluoride concentration into low, medium, and high-fluoride regions, i.e., Virajpet (low fluoride level 3 ppm). Government school from all three villages were selected randomly and IQ levels were assessed by using Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices. This test was conducted on each child in the study sample. Results: A significant inverse relationship was found between the fluoride concentration in drinking water and IQ (r value = −0.204; P < 0.000). It was observed that IQ level was negatively correlated with fluoride concentration in drinking water. Conclusion: It is concluded that IQ level was negatively correlated with fluoride level in drinking water. Factors that might affect children's IQ need to be considered, and it is necessary to devise solutions for preventing the harmful effects of excessive intake of fluoride ion to the body. PMID:28217543

  6. Impact of oral health education on plaque scores with and without periodic reinforcement among 12-year-old school children

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    M Padma Reddy

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: As many oral health problems are preventable, creating awareness at a very early age has an impact on their health-related behaviors. Aim: To assess the impact of oral health education on plaque scores with and without periodic reinforcement among 12-year-old school children. Materials and Methods: An experimental study was conducted among 12-year-old children of Manchi School, Balapur in Hyderabad. The study sample comprised 140 children that was further divided randomly into study and control groups with 70 children in each. The study was conducted for a period of 1 month with clinical examination being carried out at baseline and on 30th day using Turesky, Gilmore, and Glickman modification of Quigley–Hein Plaque Index (1970. The study group received oral health education at the baseline and on the 15th day from the baseline, whereas control group received oral health education only at the baseline. Statistical analysis was done using Wilcoxon matched paired test. Results: Mean difference in the plaque scores among groups based on gender from baseline to follow-up examination (30th day revealed that males in the study and control groups had a difference of 1.09 ± 0.3, 0.59 ± 0.3, respectively (P = 0.001. On the other hand, females in the study and control groups had 1.47 ± 0.2, 0.76 ± 0.2 difference which was statistically more significant (P = 0.0001. The study and control groups showed 61.7% and 32.6% reduction in the mean plaque scores from baseline to follow-up examination (30th day. Conclusion: Study group with reinforcement showed a prominent reduction in the mean plaque scores than control group.

  7. Dental Caries and Related Factors among 7-12 Year-old School Children in Yasuj, Iran, in 2014

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    M Yousofi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and objective: Tooth caries is the most prevalent infectious disease in children. The purpose of this study was to assess carries experience indexes and related factors among 7-12 year-old school children in Yasuj, Iran, in 2014. Materials and methods: In the present Cross-sectional and analytical study, using a two-stage random sampling, 460 students from primary schools of Yasuj city and surrounding villages were selected. The children were clinically examined at their school by a professional calibrated dentistry team. Their demographic and socioeconomic status, mouth health behaviors and teeth carries status and consumed nutritional materials were gathered by a questioner and a dental chart. The data were analyzed using inferential statistical methods. The SPSS software version 22 was used to extract the outputs and &alpha=0.05 was considered as the significant level. Results: The dental caries prevalence of deciduous, permanent and total of  two type of dents were  75.2, 41.1 and  89.8 percent, respectively and the dmft, DMFT and dmft+DMFT indexes were 3.57, 0.87, and 4.44, respectively.. The caries prevalence of permanent teeth and DMFT in girls were significantly higher than boys (p=0.046, but the caries prevalence in total of dents in boys was significantly higher than girls ( p=0.32. Furthermore, the dental caries prevalence in permanent teeth and DMFT in children resident in rural areas were significantly higher than those in urban areas (p0.1.  Conclusions: Prevalence and severity score of dental caries among 7 - 12 year-old Yasuj students were higher than the WHO standards. The tooth caries experiences were more prevalent in boys and in children resident in rural areas, increased with age and decreased with BMI and less prevalent in children with higher family socioeconomic status. Tooth brushing and flossing and consuming dairy foods were protective agents in occurring tooth caries in primary school children in

  8. Normative and perceived orthodontic needs among 12 year old school children in Chennai, India - A comparative study

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    I. Meignana Arumugham

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Four schools were selected randomly and all 12 year old children were included in the study. A total of 613 school children (334 boys and 279 girls were examined. A self-administered pre-tested questionnaire about perceived need to have their teeth straightened was elicited. Clinical examination was carried using Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI. Chi-square test was done to test the association between normative orthodontic need and perceived orthodontic need. Minor or no anomaly was seen in 350 (57.1% subjects of which 162 (46.3% perceived orthodontic treatment, definite malocclusion was seen in 158 (25.8% subjects of which 75 (47.5% perceived orthodontic treatment, severe malocclusion was seen in 69(11.3 subjects of which 33 (47.8 perceived orthodontic treatment, handicapping malocclusion was seen in 36(5.9% subjects of which 27(75% perceived orthodontic treatment The normative orthodontic needs and perceived orthodontic needs was statistically significant. The assessment of perceived need should be included in the epidemiological studies to the estimate demand for orthodontic treatment in particular regions.

  9. Factors affecting utilization of dental care among 6–12-year-old school children in Bangarpet taluk, Karnataka

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    C Priyadarshini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Oral diseases qualify as major public health problems owing to their high prevalence and incidence worldwide. Access to oral healthcare refers to patient's ability to obtain or utilize oral healthcare. Aim: To assess the dentition status and treatment needs among 6–12-year-old school children and to assess the factors affecting utilization of dental care among parents. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 420 school children (6–12 years in Bangarpet taluk. Factors affecting utilization of dental care were assessed using a validated questionnaire and dentition status and treatment needs was recorded according to WHO 1997 proforma. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used. Results: The proportion of children with dmft was 62 (30% and 54 (26% in urban and rural children, respectively whereas the proportion of children with DMFT was 48 (23% and 79 (38% in urban and rural children, respectively. Among urban children 99 (47% did not need any treatment when compared to 87 (41% rural children. Around 32 (15.2% needed one surface filling in urban children and 20 (9.52% in rural children. About 30 (14.28% urban and 40 (19.04 in rural children needed preventive care, respectively. Most of the parents were not aware of fluoride content in the toothpaste. Parents agreed that maintenance of oral health is their duty. There was a significant difference between urban and rural parents for the barriers "no time to visit" (P = 0.0002, "affects my work" (P = 0.048 and "scared of injection" (P = 0.0033. Dental visits were found to be low in both urban 37 (18% and rural 56 (27% children. Conclusion: The caries experience was similar among urban and rural children. Most of the children required restorative and preventive care. Fear of injection and lack of time to visit dentist were the major barriers to parents for utilization of dental care. Hence, integrated approach is suggested to strengthen preventive and

  10. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Working Memory Improvement Exercises on Increasing the Attention and School Performance in 9-12 Year Old Children with Attention Deficit

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    Atefeh Fakharinezhad; Farzaneh Niknezhadi; Yousef Gorji

    2014-01-01

    The Purpose of the present study is evaluation of the effectiveness of working memory improvement exercises on increasing the attention and school performance in 9-12 year old children with attention deficit. This is a quasi-experimental study which is of pretest-posttest type, with follow-up by a control group. The statistical population of this research includes the 9-12 year old students of Esfahan Province schools with 6 symptoms of attention deficit, who were chosen by multistage cluster...

  11. Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries to Anterior Teeth of 12-Year-Old School Children in Kashmir, India

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    Ain, Tasneem S.; Lingesha Telgi, Ravishankar; Sultan, Saima; Tangade, Pradeep; Ravishankar Telgi, Chaitra; Tirth, Amit; Kumar Pal, Sumit; Gowhar, Owais; Tandon, Vaibhav

    2016-01-01

    Background Traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth are a significant public health problem, not only because their prevalence is relatively high, but also because they have considerable impact on children’s daily lives. Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) cause physical and psychological discomfort, pain and other negative impacts, such as tendency to avoid laughing or smiling, which can affect social relationships. Objectives This study aimed to assess the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to anterior teeth among 12-year-old school children in Kashmir, India. Patients and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in private and government schools of India among 1600 schoolchildren aged 12 years. In addition to recording of the type of trauma (using Ellis and Davey classification of fractures, 1970), over jet, Angle’s molar relation and lip competence were also recorded. The socioeconomic status and academic performance of the study subjects were registered. The data obtained were compiled systematically and then statistically analyzed. The statistical significance for the association between the traumatic injury and the variables was analyzed using the chi-square test. Logistic regression was used to identify potential risk predictors of TDIs. Results The overall prevalence of TDI to anterior teeth was found to be 9.3%. The TDI to anterior teeth in male was more than female, but the difference was statistically nonsignificant (P sports were the most common causes of trauma in the present study. The highest potential risk factor for the occurrence of trauma was over jet. Academic performance was found to be significantly associated to TDI to anterior teeth, when analyzed in a multiple regression model. Conclusions It was concluded that the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries was 9.3%. Traumatic dental injuries among children exhibit complex interaction between the victims’ oral conditions and their behavior. Therefore, prevention should

  12. Relationship between Untreated Dental Caries and Weight and Height of 6- to 12-Year-Old Primary School Children in Bangladesh

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    Masuma Pervin Mishu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Children in low-income developing countries are likely to suffer from undergrowth. Dental caries is another common problem in these countries. Aim. To examine the association between untreated dental caries in primary and permanent teeth with age-adjusted height and weight among 6–12-year-old children in Bangladesh. Design. Social, behavioural, and clinical data were collected from 1699 children in nine different randomly selected primary schools in socially deprived areas of Bangladesh. The associations of age-adjusted weight and height and being underweight with dental caries were examined adjusting for sex, area of residence, socioeconomic position, skipping meals, tooth cleaning, and doctor visits. Results. 26% of the children were underweight and 55% had untreated dental caries. Children with at least one decayed tooth were significantly underweight with odds ratios 1.6 (95% CI 1.1, 2.3 and 1.5 (95% CI 1.1, 2.0 for 6–8-years and 9–12-year-old children, respectively, in the adjusted model. The number of decayed teeth was inversely and significantly associated with the standardized age-adjusted weight. Conclusions. The findings highlight the association between untreated dental caries and being underweight in primary school children in socially deprived areas in low-income developing countries and emphasize the need to integrate oral and general health policies with social policies.

  13. Oral health and the impact of socio-behavioural factors in a cross sectional survey of 12-year old school children in Laos

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    Jürgensen, Nanna; Petersen, Poul Erik

    2009-01-01

    -49) of present teeth affected. Trauma was observed in 7% (CI95 = 5-9) of the children. High decay was seen in children with dental visits and frequent consumption of sweet drinks. Missed school classes, tooth ache and several impairments of daily life activities were associated with a high d...... was found for children with good or average perception of own oral health. High risk for gingival bleeding was seen in semi-urban children and boys. CONCLUSION: Although the caries level is low it causes considerable negative impact on daily life. School based health promotion should be implemented......; study the impact of poor oral health on quality of life; analyse the association between oral health and socio-behavioural factors; investigate the relation between obesity and oral health. METHODS: A cross sectional study of 12-year old schoolchildren chosen by multistage random sampling in Vientiane...

  14. Oral health and the impact of socio-behavioural factors in a cross sectional survey of 12-year old school children in Laos

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    Petersen Poul

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In recent decades low-income countries experienced an increasing trend in dental caries among children, particularly recorded in 12-year olds, which is the principal WHO indicator age group for children. This increases the risks of negative affects on children's life. Some data exist on the oral health status of children in low-income countries of Southeast Asia. However, information on how oral health is associated with socio-behavioural factors is almost not available. The aims of this study were to: assess the level of oral health of Lao 12-year-olds in urban and semi-urban settings; study the impact of poor oral health on quality of life; analyse the association between oral health and socio-behavioural factors; investigate the relation between obesity and oral health. Methods A cross sectional study of 12-year old schoolchildren chosen by multistage random sampling in Vientiane, Lao P.D.R (hereafter Laos. The final study population comprised 621 children. The study consisted of: clinical registration of caries and periodontal status, and scores for dental trauma according to WHO; structured questionnaire; measurement of anthropometric data. Frequency distributions for bi-variate analysis and logistic regression for multivariate analysis were used for assessment of statistical association between variables. Results Mean DMFT was 1.8 (SEM = 0.09 while caries prevalence was 56% (CI95 = 52-60. Prevalence of gingival bleeding was 99% (CI95 = 98-100 with 47% (CI95 = 45-49 of present teeth affected. Trauma was observed in 7% (CI95 = 5-9 of the children. High decay was seen in children with dental visits and frequent consumption of sweet drinks. Missed school classes, tooth ache and several impairments of daily life activities were associated with a high dD-component. No associations were found between Body Mass Index (BMI and oral health or common risk factors. The multivariate analyses revealed high risk for caries for

  15. Oral health-related knowledge, attitudes and habits in relation to perceived oral symptoms among 12-year-old school children.

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    Mattila, Marja-Leena; Tolvanen, Mimmi; Kivelä, Johanna; Pienihäkkinen, Kaisu; Lahti, Satu; Merne-Grafström, Marina

    2016-07-01

    Objective The aim of the study was to investigate oral health-related knowledge, attitudes and habits and their relationship to perceived oral symptoms among 12-year-olds and differences between boys and girls. Material and methods The study population consisted of children (n = 588) in 15 randomly selected elementary schools in Turku, Finland. Associations between oral health-related habits, knowledge and attitudes with perceived oral symptoms and gender differences were evaluated with χ(2)-test, Mann-Whitney U-test and logistic regression analysis. Results Oral health promoting habits but not knowledge or attitudes associated significantly with absence of oral symptoms. Girls reported a higher percentage of several health promotional habits than boys. Girls reported more frequently gingival bleeding and less frequently dental calculus than boys did. The most common oral symptom was gingival bleeding. Conclusions The present findings suggest some gender-related differences in oral health habits, attitudes, as well as perceived oral symptoms in 12-year-olds. There seems, however, not to be gender differences in relation to knowledge or the association of health habits with perceived oral symptoms. It is important to maintain health promotion at schools and additional efforts should be aimed at translating knowledge into action.

  16. Oral health-related KAP among 11- to 12-year-old school children in a government-aided missionary school of Bangalore city

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    Harikiran A

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: To organize community-oriented oral health promotion programs systematic analysis of the oral health situation would be needed, including information on oral health knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP toward oral health among 11 to 12-year-old school children in a government-aided missionary school of Bangalore city. Materials and Methods: The study group comprised of 212 children (Male: 108; Female; 104 who were in the age group of 11-12 years studying in a government-aided missionary school of Bangalore city. Data on oral health KAP were collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Statistical significance was determined by Chi-square test. Results: This survey found that only 38.5% of the children brush their teeth two or more times a day. Pain and discomfort from teeth (35.1% were common while dental visits were infrequent. Fear of the dentist was the main cause of irregular visit in 46.1% of study participants. High proportion of study participants reported having hidden sugar at least once a day: soft drinks (32.1%, milk with sugar (65.9%, and tea with sugar (56.1%. It was found that 5.4% and 3.9% of study participants smoke and chew tobacco, respectively. Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that oral health KAP of study participants are poor and needs to be improved. Systematic community-oriented oral health promotion programs are needed to improve oral health KAP of school children.

  17. DENTAL FLUOROSIS AND ITS RELATION TO SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, PARENTS' KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS AMONG 12-YEAR-OLD SCHOOL CHILDREN IN QUETTA, PAKISTAN.

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    Sami, Erum; Vichayanrat, Tippanart; Satitvipawee, Pratana

    2015-03-01

    This study aimed to determine the prevalence of dental fluorosis and its relationship to socioeconomic status, knowledge, and awareness among 12-year-old school children in Quetta, Pakistan. A cross sectional study was conducted among 349 school children aged 12 years in Quetta, Pakistan. By interviewing children and questionnaire for parents, socioeconomic status, knowledge, and awareness of fluorosis were collected. Dental fluorosis was examined using Dean's Index and Community Fluorosis Index. Prevalence of dental fluorosis was high (63.6%) among children with a majority of moderate and mild degree at 32.1% and 27.5%, respectively. The community fluorosis index was 1.6. While most children and parents had low-to-moderate levels of fluorosis knowledge, the majority of them worried about dental fluorosis. Most parents (84.8%) were uncertain about the condition of fluorosis in their children, and 87.4% did not know about fluorosis before. Dental fluorosis was found significantly associated with gender, family income, and parents' awareness (p ≤ 0.05). Multivariate analysis indicated that gender, and parent's awareness significantly predicted children's dental fluorosis. Knowledge and basic information regarding dental fluorosis is lacking in the community. Efforts in dissemination and communication about dental fluorosis should be increased in order to raise awareness and prevent the dental fluorosis in Pakistan.

  18. PLAYgrounds: Effect of a PE playground program in primary schools on PA levels during recess in 6 to 12 year old children. Design of a prospective controlled trial

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    Verhagen Evert ALM

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The relative number of children meeting the minimal required dose of daily physical activity remains execrably low. It has been estimated that in 2015 one out of five children will be overweight. Therefore, low levels of physical activity during early childhood may compromise the current and future health and well-being of the population, and promoting physical activity in younger children is a major public health priority. This study is to gain insight into effects of a Physical Education based playground program on the PA levels during recess in primary school children aged 6-12. Methods/design The effectiveness of the intervention program will be evaluated using a prospective controlled trial design in which schools will be matched, with a follow-up of one school year. The research population will consist of 6-12 year old primary school children. The intervention program will be aimed at improving physical activity levels and will consist of a multi-component alteration of the schools' playground. In addition, playground usage will be increased through altered time management of recess times, as well as a modification of the Physical Education content. Discussion The effects of the intervention on physical activity levels during recess (primary outcome measure, overall daily physical activity and changes in physical fitness (secondary outcome measures will be assessed. Results of this study could possibly lead to changes in the current playground system of primary schools and provide structured health promotion for future public health. Trial registration Netherlands Trial Register (NTR: NTR2386

  19. PLAYgrounds: Effect of a PE playground program in primary schools on PA levels during recess in 6 to 12 year old children. Design of a prospective controlled trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background The relative number of children meeting the minimal required dose of daily physical activity remains execrably low. It has been estimated that in 2015 one out of five children will be overweight. Therefore, low levels of physical activity during early childhood may compromise the current and future health and well-being of the population, and promoting physical activity in younger children is a major public health priority. This study is to gain insight into effects of a Physical Education based playground program on the PA levels during recess in primary school children aged 6-12. Methods/design The effectiveness of the intervention program will be evaluated using a prospective controlled trial design in which schools will be matched, with a follow-up of one school year. The research population will consist of 6-12 year old primary school children. The intervention program will be aimed at improving physical activity levels and will consist of a multi-component alteration of the schools' playground. In addition, playground usage will be increased through altered time management of recess times, as well as a modification of the Physical Education content. Discussion The effects of the intervention on physical activity levels during recess (primary outcome measure), overall daily physical activity and changes in physical fitness (secondary outcome measures) will be assessed. Results of this study could possibly lead to changes in the current playground system of primary schools and provide structured health promotion for future public health. Trial registration Netherlands Trial Register (NTR): NTR2386 PMID:21548998

  20. A study of oral hygiene status and prevalence of gingival diseases in 9 and 12-year-old school children of a northern hilly state, India

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    Deepak Chauhan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The gingival and overall oral health status is affected by the changes in lifestyle, dietary habits, and aberrant oral hygiene practices. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of gingival diseases among school children of Himachal Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of 1188 school children in the age group of 9 and 12 years from randomly selected schools of rural and urban areas of Himachal Pradesh and they were included as study subjects. The survey was carried out according to the WHO Oral Health Assessment Form (modified. Community periodontal index was used to assess gingival health, using three indicators: Healthy, gingival bleeding, and calculus. Plaque index was used to assess oral hygiene as poor, fair, and good. Statistical Analysis: SPSS version 15. Results: A total of 1188 children were examined, of these 650 (54.8% were males and 538 (45.2% were females. A total of 564 belonged to the 9 and 624 to 12 years age group. The overall prevalence of gingival disease was 22.9%. The majority (14.2% were presented with calculus and 8.7% showed gingival bleeding ( P < 0.0000001. The most affected 24.3% with gingivitis were females in comparison to 21.7% males that is not statistically significant, P < 0.5. Age wise prevalence showed a linear increase; 12-year-old children were affected more 34.8% as compared to 9.8% in 9-year-old children. Conclusion: There is a need for reinforcement of dental services to difficult and hard areas.

  1. Prevalence of Dental Caries in relation to Body Mass Index, Daily Sugar Intake, and Oral Hygiene Status in 12-Year-Old School Children in Mathura City: A Pilot Study.

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    Gupta, Prahlad; Gupta, Nidhi; Singh, Harkanwal Preet

    2014-01-01

    Aim. To correlate the prevalence of dental caries to body mass index, daily sugar intake, and oral hygiene status of 12-year-old school children of Mathura city. Material and Methods. The study design was cross-sectional and included 100 school children aged 12 years (n = 50 boys and n = 50 girls) who were randomly selected from two schools based upon inclusion and exclusion criteria. Body weight/height was recorded and BMI was calculated and plotted on CDC-BMI for age growth charts/curves for boys and girls to obtain percentile ranking. Dental caries was recorded using WHO criteria. Oral hygiene status of the study subjects was assessed using oral hygiene index-simplified. Data regarding the daily sugar intake was recorded using 24-hour recall diet frequency chart. The data obtained was analysed using SPSS version 11.5 for windows. Result. Only 27 subjects were affected by caries. The mean DMFT/dmft was 0.37 ± 0.79 and 0.12 ± 0.60, respectively. Statistical analysis by means of a logistic regression model revealed that only oral hygiene status had a significant effect on caries prevalence (OR = 5.061, P = 0.004), whereas daily sugar intake and body mass index had no significant effect. Conclusion. From the analysis, it was concluded that oral hygiene status had a significant effect on caries prevalence of 12-year-old school children of Mathura city.

  2. Prevalence of Dental Caries in relation to Body Mass Index, Daily Sugar Intake, and Oral Hygiene Status in 12-Year-Old School Children in Mathura City: A Pilot Study

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    Prahlad Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To correlate the prevalence of dental caries to body mass index, daily sugar intake, and oral hygiene status of 12-year-old school children of Mathura city. Material and Methods. The study design was cross-sectional and included 100 school children aged 12 years (n=50 boys and n=50 girls who were randomly selected from two schools based upon inclusion and exclusion criteria. Body weight/height was recorded and BMI was calculated and plotted on CDC-BMI for age growth charts/curves for boys and girls to obtain percentile ranking. Dental caries was recorded using WHO criteria. Oral hygiene status of the study subjects was assessed using oral hygiene index-simplified. Data regarding the daily sugar intake was recorded using 24-hour recall diet frequency chart. The data obtained was analysed using SPSS version 11.5 for windows. Result. Only 27 subjects were affected by caries. The mean DMFT/dmft was 0.37 ± 0.79 and 0.12 ± 0.60, respectively. Statistical analysis by means of a logistic regression model revealed that only oral hygiene status had a significant effect on caries prevalence (OR = 5.061, P=0.004, whereas daily sugar intake and body mass index had no significant effect. Conclusion. From the analysis, it was concluded that oral hygiene status had a significant effect on caries prevalence of 12-year-old school children of Mathura city.

  3. Individual, social and physical environmental correlates of ‘never’ and ‘always’ cycling to school among 10 to 12 year old children living within a 3.0 km distance from school

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    Ducheyne Fabian

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cycling to school has been identified as an important target for increasing physical activity levels in children. However, knowledge about correlates of cycling to school is scarce as many studies did not make a distinction between walking and cycling to school. Moreover, correlates of cycling to school for those who live within a distance, that in theory would allow cycling to school, stay undiscovered. Therefore, this study examined individual, social and physical environmental correlates of never and always cycling to/from school among 10 to 12 year old Belgian children living within a 3.0 km distance from school. Methods 850 parents completed a questionnaire to assess personal, family, behavioral, cognitive, social and physical environmental factors related to the cycling behavior of their children. Parents indicated on a question matrix how many days a week their child (1 walked, (2 cycled, was (3 driven by car or (4 public transport to and from school during fall, winter and spring. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the correlates. Results Overall, 39.3% of children never cycled to school and 16.5% of children always cycled to school. Children with high levels of independent mobility and good cycling skills perceived by their parents were more likely to always cycle to school (resp. OR 1.06; 95% CI 1.04-1.15 and OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.01-1.16 and less likely to never cycle to school (resp. OR 0.84; 95% CI 0.78-0.91 and OR 0.77; 95% CI 0.7-0.84. Children with friends who encourage them to cycle to school were more likely to always cycle to school (OR 1.08; 95% CI 1.01-1.15 and less likely to never cycle to school (OR 0.9; 95% CI 0.83-1.0. In addition, children with parents who encourage them to cycle to school were less likely to never cycle to school (OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.7-0.87. Regarding the physical environmental factors, only neighborhood traffic safety was significantly associated with

  4. Teacher Ratings of Academic Achievement of Children between 6 and 12 Years Old from Intact and Non-Intact Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molepo, Lephodisa S.; Maunganidze, Levison; Mudhovozi, Pilot; Sodi, Tholene

    2010-01-01

    We investigated teacher ratings of the impact of parental divorce on academic achievement of children between 6 and 12 years old up to 12 months after their parents divorced. A purposive sample of 120 children attending four different primary schools in a small South African town took part in the study. One third (n = 40) of the children had…

  5. Vaccination coverage of children aged 4-12 years old in the prefecture of Evritania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yannis Getsios

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The last two decades a huge progress has taken place in the field of the primary prevention of infections and many new vaccines have been introduced in the compulsory vaccination program. There is evidence, however, that immunization coverage against some infectious diseases is not adequate. Aim: It was to investigate the level of immunization coverage of Greek and Immigrants' children aged 4-12 years old in the prefecture of Evritania regarding vaccines against pertussis-diphtheria-tetanus (DTaP, poliomyelitis (IPV and measles–mumps–rubella (MMR. Material and methods: The sample of the study consisted of the pupils of all nursing and elementary schools of the prefecture of Evritania , aged 4-12 years old. Children's personal Health Cards were used to evaluate the adequacy of vaccine doses. X2 was usedfor comparisons. Statistics was processed with SPPS 17.0. Results: The boys of the sample were 469 (51.9% and the girls 434 (48.1%. Full vaccination coverage with DTaP, MMR and IPV was 87.3%, 79.9%, and 97.6% respectively. No statistically significant differences were observed between Greek and Immigrants' children. Conclusion: Vaccination coverage against measles, mumps and rubella was inadequate. Immigrants' and Greek children are equally covered. Vaccination coverage with MMR is troublesome.

  6. Assessing DMFT index in 12 years old students attending hearing impaired schools in Tehran

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    Shahrabi M

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Extensive studies on the epidemiology of teeth and oral diseases are an important part of health care programs specially for hearing impaired groups. For adequate programming in this field, proper situation analysis is mandatory. The aim of this study was to assess the DMFT (decayed missed filled teeth of 12 years old students attending hearing impaired schools in Tehran and exploring the relation between sex, hygiene and hearing threshold with the index. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional descriptive study was based on examining 12 years old (± 6 month students (117 cases attending hearing impaired schools in Tehran. A questionnaire was filled for each case. T, Chi-square and Kruskall-Wallis tests were used to analyze the results with p<0.05 as the limit of significance. Results: The mean DMFT in these students was 3.07. Mean DMFT in students with very severe hearing loss was 2.99. Mean ranked DMFT in girls and boys was similar (56.09 in boys and 61.96 in girls. Mean ranked DMFT in students who didn’t use floss (66.40 was higher than those who used floss (46.71. Mean ranked DMFT in students who seldom brushed, was the highest (72.82 and in students who brushed once a day was the lowest (51.26. Conclusion: The DMFT index in hearing disabled children was 3.07. Regular brushing and flossing reduced the index.

  7. The effect of povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque Streptococcus mutans count in 6- to 12-year-old school children: An in vivo study

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    Neeraja R

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Treating a carious tooth in children with high caries experience by providing a restoration does not cure the disease. If the unfavorable oral environment that caused the cavity persists so will the disease and more restorations will be required in future. Treating the oral infection by reducing the number of cariogenic microorganisms and establishing a favorable oral environment to promote predominantly remineralization of tooth structure over time will stop the caries process. The present study was conducted: (1 To evaluate the efficacy of povidone-iodine and chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque Streptococcus mutans when used as an adjunct to restoration. (2 To compare the anti-microbial effect of 1% povidone-iodine and 0.2% chlorhexidine mouth rinses on plaque S. mutans count. Study Design: Forty-five study participants in the age group of 6-12 years with dmft (decay component of three or four were selected from one government school in Bangalore city. They were divided into three groups after the restorative treatment. Group-A, Group-B, and Group-C received 1% povidone-iodine mouth rinse, 0.2% chlorhexidine mouth rinse and placebo mouth rinse, respectively, twice daily for 14 days. The plaque sample was collected and S. mutans count was estimated at six phases: (1 Baseline, (2 3 weeks after restoration, (3 First day after mouth rinse therapy, (4 15 days after mouth rinse therapy, (5 1 month and (6 3 months after mouth rinse therapy Results: After the restoration the percentage change in S. mutans count was 28.4%. Immediately after mouth rinse therapy there was significant reduction in S. mutans count in all the three groups. After which the count started to increase gradually and after 3 months the bacterial counts in the povidone-iodine group and placebo group were almost near the postrestorative count. Conclusion: Mouth rinses can be used as adjunct to restoration for short duration as temporary measure in reduction of S

  8. PLAYgrounds: Effect of a PE playground program in primary schools on PA levels during recess in 6 to 12 year old children. Design of a prospective controlled trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, Mirka; Toussaint, M. Huub; Mechelen, van Willem; Verhagen, A.L.M. Evert

    2011-01-01

    Background: The relative number of children meeting the minimal required dose of daily physical activity remains execrably low. It has been estimated that in 2015 one out of five children will be overweight. Therefore, low levels of physical activity during early childhood may compromise the current

  9. The effect of beverages varying in glycaemic load on postprandial glucose responses, appetite and cognition in 10-12-year-old school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brindal, Emily; Baird, Danielle; Slater, Amy; Danthiir, Vanessa; Wilson, Carlene; Bowen, Jane; Noakes, Manny

    2013-08-28

    Reducing glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) inconsistently improves aspects of cognitive function and appetite in children. Whether altering the GL by lowering carbohydrate relative to protein and fat has a role in these effects is unknown. Therefore, we assessed the differential effects of beverages varying in GL and dairy composition on appetite, energy intake and cognitive function in children. A total of forty children (10–12 years) completed a double-blind, randomised, crossover trial, receiving three isoenergetic drinks (approximately 1100 kJ): a glucose beverage (GI 100, GL 65), a full milk beverage (GI 27, GL 5) and a half milk/glucose beverage (GI 84, GL 35). For 3 h post-consumption, subjective appetite and cognitive performance (speed of processing, memory, attention and perceptual speed) were measured hourly. At completion, each child was provided a buffet-style lunch and energy intake was calculated. Blood glucose was objectively measured using the Continuous Glucose Monitoring System. Blood glucose AUC values were significantly different between the drinks (P,0·001), but did not sustain above the baseline for 3 h for any drink. Mixed modelling revealed no effect of beverage on subjective appetite or energy intake. Participant sex and drink GL significantly interacted for short-term memory (P,0·001). When girls consumed either milk-containing beverage, they recalled 0·7–0·8 more words compared with 0·5 less words after the glucose drink (P#0·014). Altering GL of drinks by reducing carbohydrate and increasing protein did not affect appetite or cognition in children. Girls may demonstrate improved short-term memory after consuming beverages with higher protein and lower GL.

  10. Effectiveness of Mouthrinse formulated from Aqueous Extract of Terminalia chebula on Salivary Streptococcus mutans Count and pH among 8- to 12-year-old School Children of Karnataka: A Randomized Clinical Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegde, Sundeep K; Bhat, Sham S

    2016-01-01

    Aim The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anticar-iogenic efficacy of hot and cold aqueous extracts of Terminalia chebula against Streptococcus mutans as an oral rinse and also to discover the acceptability of the mouthwash in children. Settings and design Sixty children between 8 and 12 years with high caries risk were selected. Materials and methods 10% concentration of hot and cold aqueous extracts were prepared. Children were randomly divided into extract and control group. Baseline salivary samples were taken, and the samples were re-collected at 10, 60, and 90 minutes interval after rinsing. Microbial and pH analysis were done. An acceptability questionnaire was filled. Statistical analysis Tukey’s multiple comparison test. Results The results show statistically significant difference in S. mutans counts at 10, 60, and 90 minutes interval when compared with negative control. However, when the hot and cold extracts were compared, there was no significant difference. Acceptability questionnaire showed 65 to 75% overall acceptability for both types of extract. Conclusion Results of this study showed that both types of aqueous extract of T. chebula may be used as potential anticariogenic mouthwash with acceptable taste in children. How to cite this article Palit MC, Hegde SK, Bhat SS. Effectiveness of Mouthrinse formulated from Aqueous Extract of Terminalia chebula on Salivary Streptococcus mutans Count and pH among 8- to 12-year-old School Children of Karnataka: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(4):349-354. PMID:28127168

  11. Risk factors for obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children

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    Andy Japutra

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background The causes of obesity in children are multifactorial, including genetics, physiology, metabolism, psychology, socioeconomic status, lifestyle, and culture. Objective To assess for relationships between obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children and maternal nutritional status, maternal education, eating breakfast, eating fast food, physical activity, TV watching, and playing video games. Methods This case-control study included students of Sejahtera Public School aged 6 to 12 years. Questionnaires were distributed to their parents for data on maternal education, eating breakfast, eating fast food, physical activity, TV watching and playing video games. Maternal nutritional status was assessed by one of the researchers. Univariate analysis with Chi–square test was used to assess every risk factor. Those with a P value of <0.25 were subjected to multivariate analysis, performed using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results From June to July 2013, 60 obese children and 60 well-nourished children, as a control group, were enrolled in the study. Obese mothers tended to have obese children [odds ratio/OR 252.48; 95%CI 33.4 to 1908.4]. Children who ate fast food 6–8 times/week, had low physical activity, and watched TV more than 8 hours/week had significantly higher risk for obesity [OR 12.94, 95%CI 1.7 to 100.7; and OR 266.94, 95% CI 7.8 to 9137.7; OR 21.44, 95%CI 2.68 to 171.61; respectively]. Maternal education, eating breakfast, and playing video games were not significant risk factors for childhood obesity. Conclusion Maternal obesity, eating fast food 6-8 times per week, low physical activity and watching TV more than 8 hours/week are risk factors for childhood obesity. [Paediatr Indones. 2015;55:35-9.].

  12. Risk factors for obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children

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    Andy Japutra

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background The causes of obesity in children are multifactorial, including genetics, physiology, metabolism, psychology, socioeconomic status, lifestyle, and culture. Objective To assess for relationships between obesity in 6 to 12-year-old children and maternal nutritional status, maternal education, eating breakfast, eating fast food, physical activity, TV watching, and playing video games. Methods This case-control study included students of Sejahtera Public School aged 6 to 12 years. Questionnaires were distributed to their parents for data on maternal education, eating breakfast, eating fast food, physical activity, TV watching and playing video games. Maternal nutritional status was assessed by one of the researchers. Univariate analysis with Chi–square test was used to assess every risk factor. Those with a P value of <0.25 were subjected to multivariate analysis, performed using multiple logistic regression analysis. Results From June to July 2013, 60 obese children and 60 wellnourished children, as a control group, were enrolled in the study. Obese mothers tended to have obese children [odds ratio/OR 252.48; 95%CI 33.4 to 1908.4]. Children who ate fast food 6–8 times/week, had low physical activity, and watched TV more than 8 hours/week had significantly higher risk for obesity [OR 12.94, 95%CI 1.7 to 100.7; and OR 266.94, 95% CI 7.8 to 9137.7; OR 21.44, 95%CI 2.68 to 171.61; respectively]. Maternal education, eating breakfast, and playing video games were not significant risk factors for childhood obesity. Conclusion Maternal obesity, eating fast food 6-8 times per week, low physical activity and watching TV more than 8 hours/ week are risk factors for childhood obesity.

  13. Prevalence of epileptiform discharges in healthy 11- and 12-year-old children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Arthur C; Chau, Larissa; Arya, Kapil; Schneider, Margaret

    2016-09-01

    We sought to determine the prevalence of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) in healthy 11- and 12-year-old children. Sixth grade students with no history of seizure, or neurologic or psychiatric disease, were enrolled in a longitudinal physical activity intervention study. Per study protocol, each student had two EEG recordings approximately 6months apart. Epileptiform discharges were present in 4 (2.9%) of 140 students: centrotemporal in three and generalized in one. In three children, the discharges were still present six months later. None of the children had developed seizures a minimum of one year after the second EEG. These results are consistent with those of two landmark European studies performed nearly a half century ago, before the modern era of digital EEG. Healthy 11- and 12-year-old children with no history of seizure may have centrotemporal or generalized epileptiform discharges on EEG, which can persist for at least 6months. Based on both our results and those of the two prior European studies, such discharges, if found incidentally in otherwise healthy children in this age group, should not prompt further evaluation or treatment.

  14. Changes in Growth Pattern after Adenotonsillectomy in Children under 12 Years Old

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    Farnaz Hashemian

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of adenotonsillectomy on height, weight and body mass index (BMI in children under 12 years old, with or without airway obstruction and evaluation of the risk of overweight in them. In this case-control study, 120 children with the age of 2-12 years old were studied; 60 children as case group who underwent adenotonsillectomy and 60 healthy children as control group. After collecting the data related to appetite status and sleep breathing disorder of the case group, height, weight and BMI have been measured for all children in two stages; preoperatively and 6 months later. Also in the case group, BMI percentiles, pre and postoperatively have been calculated. Patients with Low appetite in the initiation and at the end of the study in the case group were 80% and 8.3% respectively (P=0.01. Mean of height, weight and BMI variation after 6 months were significantly different between case and control groups (P

  15. Validity of an Athletic Skills Track among 6- to 12-year-old children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoeboer, Joris; De Vries, Sanne; Krijger-Hombergen, Michiel; Wormhoudt, René; Drent, Annelies; Krabben, Kay; Savelsbergh, Geert

    2016-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and validity of an Athletic Skills Track (AST) to assess fundamental movement skills among 6- to 12-year-old children in a physical education setting. Four hundred sixty-three Dutch children (211 girls, 252 boys) completed three tests: the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder (KTK) and two Athletic Skills Tracks (AST-1, AST-2). The validity of AST-1 and AST-2 was examined by correlating the time (s) needed to complete the tracks and the KTK Motor Quotient (MQ). Overall, there was a low correlation between AST-1 and the KTK MQ (r = -0.474 (P year-olds. The results indicate that fundamental movement skills of 6- to 12-year-old children can be assessed with a quick, convenient and low-cost motor competence test in a physical education setting, i.e., an Athletic Skills Track. Future studies should further assess the reliability, discriminative ability and validity of age-specific versions of the AST.

  16. Prevalência de maloclusão em escolares de 5 a 12 anos de rede municipal de ensino de Araraquara Prevalence of malocclusion in children between 5 and 12 years-old in municipal schools in Araraquara

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    Eloisa Marcantonio Boeck

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a prevalência de maloclusões em escolares na faixa etária de cinco a 12 anos, matriculadas em escolas municipais de Araraquara. MÉTODO: com base no número total de crianças (7235 realizou-se o cálculo da amostragem, envolvendo sete escolas, num total de 3380 crianças. Um estudo piloto e a calibração dos examinadores precederam o início da pesquisa. Foram excluídas 1934 crianças da amostra por não atenderem aos critérios de inclusão. Na avaliação clínica, foram analisados, as relações inter-arcos nos sentidos transversal, vertical e sagital, a relação intra-arcos, o perfil e padrão de crescimento, a presença de assimetria, além de hábitos deletérios. RESULTADOS: da amostragem total (1446, 80,29% apresentou maloclusão, sendo mais prevalente no gênero feminino (81,34% e na faixa etária de nove a 12 anos (82,52%. A relação dentária mais prevalente foi a de Classe I (63,27%, o padrão facial mais encontrado foi o Padrão I (92,87%. As alterações oclusais inter-arcos mais encontradas foram a mordida profunda e a mordida aberta, as alterações intra-arcos predominantes foram os diastemas e as giroversões. De acordo com o Teste Qui-quadrado não houve significância entre maloclusão e as variáveis: presença de hábito, assimetria, diastemas e padrão facial. Houve diferença estatisticamente significante na prevalência das variáveis: mordida aberta, mordida profunda, diastemas e dos hábitos de sucção (dedo, chupeta, mamadeira e onicofagia quando comparada as duas faixas etárias estudadas. CONCLUSÃO: as maloclusões acometem a maior parte das crianças nessa faixa etária, tendo origem predominantemente dentária e com pouco ou nenhum comprometimento facial, evidenciando a necessidade da intervenção precoce.PURPOSE: to evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion in school children between 5 and 12 years-old enrolled in public schools in Araraquara_S.P. (Brazil. METHOD: based on the total

  17. Traffic education for children 4-12 years old. [Previously known as: Traffic education of children 4-12 years old.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2007-01-01

    Traffic education for children is of the utmost importance as a basis for safe traffic participation; not only formal education at schools, but especially continuous education of children by parents. Since the brains of children have not yet developed completely, there is a limit to what children ca

  18. Changes in Growth Pattern after Adenotonsillectomy in Children under 12 Years Old

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    Farnaz Hashemian

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available "nThe aim of the present study was to determine the effects of adenotonsillectomy on height, weight and body mass index (BMI in children under 12 years old, with or without airway obstruction and evaluation of the risk of overweight in them. In this case-control study, 120 children with the age of 2-12 years old were studied; 60 children as case group who underwent adenotonsillectomy and 60 healthy children as control group. After collecting the data related to appetite status and sleep breathing disorder of the case group, height, weight and BMI have been measured for all children in two stages; preoperatively and 6 months later. Also in the case group, BMI percentiles, pre and postoperatively have been calculated. Patients with Low appetite in the initiation and at the end of the study in the case group were 80% and 8.3% respectively (P=0.01. Mean of height, weight and BMI variation after 6 months were significantly different between case and control groups (P<0.05. BMI percentiles in the case group preoperatively were: 20% underweight, 67% healthy weight, 10% at risk of over weight, 3% over weight. Postoperatively, after 6 months BMI percentiles in order of above frequency were: 10%, 57%, 22% and 11% (P=0.02. Analysis of the results showed that adenotonsillectomy can lead to increase of height, weight, BMI and appetite not only in the children with low weight due to airway obstruction but also in the normal weight and over weight children. Therefore risk of overweight should be mentioned as a probable undesirable outcome of adenotonsillectomy.

  19. Evaluation of First Permanent Molars DMFT in 12 Years Old Children in Hamadan City ( 2005

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    T. Massom

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: DMFT Index is the best epidemiologic caries index in dentistry and can show the state of oral and dental hygiene in one society. By considering this index we can design suitable preventive and treatment program for total population of a society. The aim of this descriptive analytical study was evaluation of DMF6 index in 12 years old children in Hamadan city.Materials & Methods: Using explorer and mirror under natural light, 4 permanent first molars of 480 twelve years old students were examined from the aspect of decay, missing and filling; then DMF6 was accounted for each subject. The statistical analysis was done by SPSS 12 and Pearson, Chi- square test. Results: The mean of DMF6 was 2.17±1.39. DMF6 in girls (2.22 was more than boys (2.12 but this difference was not statistically significant. 72.9% of girls and 72.5% of boys had carries in their first permanent molars. 1.3% of girls and 2.5% of boys had one missing first molar. The difference between girls and boys in missing and decayed teeth was not statistically significant. 22.5% of girls and 11.7% of boys had filling teeth and only this difference was statistically significant. 26% of population had no sound teeth and only 18.8% of them had 4 sound first permanent molors. 72.7% of population had caries and 1.9% had missing and 17.1% had filled teeth. Conclusion: Analysis of DMF6 showed that untreated caries is the most important problem in 12 years old children in Hamadan.

  20. Mozart effect on dental anxiety in 6–12 year old children

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    Arlette Suzy Setiawan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Children anxiety in dental treatment often becomes a barrier for dentist to perform optimum dental treatment procedure. Various methods to manage anxiety and fear in children have been applied including listening to classical music during dental treatment. One of the classical music usually used is music by Mozart. Purpose: This study is aimed to discover the role of classical music by Mozart in dental anxiety changes. Method: This study was a quasi experimental study using purposive sampling method. The samples consist of 30 children between 6-12 years old group who were treated at the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic, Dental Hospital, Faculty of Dentistry Padjadjaran University. The anxiety data was collected using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS before and after listening on the classical music during treatment. Result: The result of this study showed that there were 23 children (76.67% of subjects who present decreased anxiety, 7 children (23.33% of subjects did not present decreased anxiety and none of of subjects showed increased anxiety. Conclusion: It was concluded that listening to music by Mozart during dental treatment can reduce anxiety in 6-12 year old children.Latar belakang: Kecemasan pada anak saat perawatan gigi seringkali merupakan penghalang bagi dokter gigi untuk melaksanakan prosedurperawatan gigi yang optimal. Berbagai metode untuk mengatasi kecemasan dan rasa takutpada anak telah dilakukan termasuk mendengarkan musik klasik selama perawatan gigi. Salah satu musik klasik yang banyak digunakan adalah music oleh Mozart. Tujuan: Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk menemukan peran music klasik Mozart dalam perubahan kecemasan pada perawatan gigi. Metode: Penelitian ini adalah kuasi eksperimental menggunakan metode pengambilan sampel purposif. Sampel terdiri dari 30 anak antara 6-12 tahun yang dirawat di Klinik Kedokteran Gigi Anak, Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran. Data kecemasan diambil

  1. Gingival Condition in Children Aged From 6 to 12 Years Old: Clinical and Microbiological Aspects

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    Ane Stella Salgado XAVIER

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the gingival condition and the occurrence of periodontopathogens in 93 children aged from 6 to 12 years old in Araçatuba, Brazil. Method: Clinical examination was performed in accordance to Schour and Massler (1947 while the subgingival plaque samples were obtained though sterilized paper point that were placed into health and inflamed gingival crevice of tooth 54 or 14, 61 or 11, 26, 75 or 35, 82 or 42 and 46, where they were kept for 60 seconds and tranferred to tubes containing 5 ml of thioglicolate broth. Microorganisms were isolated on blood agar and CVE an agar after incubation under anaerobiosis, at 37ºC, for 10 days. The identification of the isolates was based on their morphological, cellular and biochemical features. Results: 91.40% shows gingivitis while 70.97% presented mild gingivitis. Only 8.6% didn’t presented gingivitis. It was verified that the most of children presented mild gengivitis and was had some periodontopathogens. Conclusion: The gingivitis deteriored with age and only F. nucleatum was related with the deterioration of gengival status.

  2. [Variations in tooth decay rates among children 5 and 12 years old in Minas Gerais, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Simone Dutra; Portela, Margareth Crisóstomo; Mendonça, Lisette Lobato

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this ecological study was to analyze to what extent World Health Organization goals were met in relation to dental caries in 2000 in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, identifying factors associated with variation in DMFT and the occurrence of DMFT < or = 3 among 12-year-old children and in the percentage of caries-free 5-year-olds. Secondary data from different sources were used. Linear regression and multiple logistic regression techniques were applied to the analysis of the numerical and dichotomous dependent variables. Socioeconomic and dental services supply/utilization indicators were used as potential explanatory variables. The goals expressed by DMFT < or = 3 at 12 years and a minimum of 50% caries-free 5-year-olds were met by 37% and 9% of the State's municipalities, respectively. In general the dependent variables were associated with socioeconomic level, and no associations were identified with dental care. The results should not be generalized, but they do suggest inequities in oral health and the role played by socioeconomic factors and water fluoridation.

  3. Immediate and long term evolution of valve replacement in children less than 12 years old

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    Atik Fernando Antibas

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was the follow-up and evaluation of valve replacement in children under 12 years of age. METHODS: Forty-four children less than 12 years old were underwent valve replacement at INCOR-HCFMUSP between January 1986 and December 1992. Forty (91% were rheumatic, 39 (88.7% were in functional classes II or IV, 19 (43.2% were operated upon on an emergency basis, and 6 (13.6% had atrial fibrillation. Biological prostheses (BP were employed in 26 patients (59.1%, and mechanical prostheses (MP in 18 (40.9%. Mitral valves were replaced in 30 (68.7%, aortic valves in 8 (18.2%, a tricuspid valve in 1 (2.3%, and double (aortic and mitral valves in 5 (11.4 of the patients. RESULTS: Hospital mortality was of 4.5% (2 cases. The mean follow-up period was 5.8 years. Re-operations occurred in 63.3% of the patients with BP and in 12.5% of those with MP (p=0.002. Infectious endocarditis was present in 26.3% of the BP, but in none of the cases of MP (p=0.049. Thrombosis occurred in 2 (12.5% and hemorrhage in one (6.5% of the patients with a MP. Delayed mortality occurred in 5 (11.9% of the patients over a mean period of 2.6 years; four had had BP and one had a MP (NS. Actuarial survival and re-operation-free curves after 10 years were respectively, 82.5±7.7 (SD% and 20.6±15.9%. CONCLUSION: Patients with MP required fewer re-operation, had less infectious endocarditis and lower late mortality rates compared with patients with bioprostheses. The former, therefore, appear to be the best valve replacement for pediatric patients.

  4. Sodium, Saturated Fat, and Sugar Added Intake of The Diet of Children 2-12 Years Old

    OpenAIRE

    Angga Hardiansyah; Hardinsyah Hardinsyah; Dadang Sukandar

    2015-01-01

    The aims of the study were to analyze intake of sodium, saturated fat (SFA), and added sugar of children 2-12 years old. For this purpose, 38.890 children 2-12 years old from the food consumption data of the basic health survey of the Ministry of Health were analyzed. The intake of sodium, SFA, and added sugar were calculated by using food composition table (FCT) of Indonesia and USDA, and from nutrition facts of labeled foods.The sodium and SFA calculated include both natural resources and w...

  5. The Effects of Indexical and Phonetic Variation on Vowel Perception in Typically Developing 9- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacewicz, Ewa; Fox, Robert Allen

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate how linguistic knowledge interacts with indexical knowledge in older children's perception under demanding listening conditions created by extensive talker variability. Method: Twenty-five 9- to 12-year-old children, 12 from North Carolina (NC) and 13 from Wisconsin (WI), identified 12 vowels…

  6. Knowledge of Love: Narratives of Romance Told by 12-Year-Old Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haldar, Marit

    2013-01-01

    This article reports research on young people's conceptualisations of love and romance through a gender perspective. The data are stories written by 12-year-old girls and boys in Norway who were asked to fantasise about their future love life. Their narratives are explored through discourse analysis and semiotics and analysed within a…

  7. Physical activity levels and energy expenditure of 9-year-old – 12-year-old overweight and obese children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita E. Pienaar

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The high occurrence of overweight and obesity amongst children is a disturbing health problem worldwide. Possible causes of increasing childhood obesity are inactivity and energy imbalances. The aim of this study was to analyse the total energy expenditure (TEEand physical activity levels in 9-year-old – 12-year-old overweight and obese children during a weekday and a weekend day, as well as during a weekday morning and afternoon. Twenty-four 9-year-old – 12-year-old children (seven boys and 17 girls, of whom nine were overweight and 15 were obese, were selected from seven public primary schools for this study. Body mass index (BMI cut-off points were used to distinguish between overweight and obese. Each participant wore an ACTICAL™ monitor to determine their physical activity levels and TEE. It was found that the TEE of the children did not differ between a week day and a weekend day, although the TEE of the week day afternoon differed significantly from that of the weekday morning. Unlike the overweight children, none of the obese children met the requirements of 60 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per day. Strategies should be found to increase the activity levels of overweight and, especially, obese children, specifically during the mornings and over weekends.

    Opsomming

    Die hoë voorkoms van oorgewig en obesiteit onder kinders is wêreldwyd ’n kommerwekkende gesondheidsprobleem. Fisieke onaktiwiteit en energiewanbalanse word as moontlike oorsake van die probleem beskou. Die doel van hierdie studie was om die totale energieverbruik (TEV en fisieke-aktiwiteitsvlakke van 9-jarige – 12-jarige oorgewig- en obese kinders tydens ‘n totale weeksdag en naweekdag te ontleed, asook tydens die oggend en middag van ‘n weeksdag. Vier-en-twintig 9-jarige – 12-jarige kinders (sewe seuns en 17 dogters, waarvan nege oorgewig en 15 obees was, is uit sewe publieke laerskole vir die studie gekies

  8. Prevalencia de anemia y deficiencia de hierro en escolares jujeños de 12 años Prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency in 12 year old school children from Jujuy

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    María C. Buys

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available La deficiencia de hierro es una de las deficiencias de micronutrientes más comunes. Los adolescentes son un grupo vulnerable. Un reconocimiento oportuno puede prevenir una anemia ferropénica, etapa final y grave de dicha deficiencia, insuficientemente conocida en nuestro país. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los valores hematológicos en adolescentes y conocer las prevalencias de anemia y deficiencia de hierro. Definidas como a anemia: hematocrito (Hto Iron deficiency is highly frequent among adolescents. Its early detection can prevent the development of a ferropenic anemia, a serious condition. The problem has not been well studied in our country. The purpose of this work was to determine the frequency of iron deficiency and anemia in adolescents. The criteria considered were: hematocrit below 38%, b saturation transferrin below 16%, c ferritin below 15 ng/ml. The study was carried out in 2.265 schoolchildren, 12 years old, of both sexes, in urban and periurban areas in the city of San Salvador de Jujuy (1.250 a.s.l.. The following parameters were measured: hematocrit as well as serum iron and total iron binding capacity, both by colorimetric method. Ferritin was measured by ELISA. Anemia was not found. Iron deficiency as estimated by the iron functional component, was found in 25% of girls and 21% of boys and, through iron stores, in 28% of girls and 18% of boys. Iron deficiency stores in both sexes is the more relevant alteration, indicating that the population sample here studied constitutes a highly vulnerable group. The early detection of iron deficiency will help physical and intellectual development so that adequate sanitary policies are necessary for its prevention.

  9. Heritability of Stroop and flanker performance in 12-year old children

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    Polderman Tinca JC

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is great interest in appropriate phenotypes that serve as indicator of genetically transmitted frontal (dysfunction, such as ADHD. Here we investigate the ability to deal with response conflict, and we ask to what extent performance variation on response interference tasks is caused by genetic variation. We tested a large sample of 12-year old monozygotic and dizygotic twins on two well-known and closely related response interference tasks; the color Stroop task and the Eriksen flanker task. Using structural equation modelling we assessed the heritability of several performance indices derived from those tasks. Results In the Stroop task we found high heritabilities of overall reaction time and – more important – Stroop interference (h2 = nearly 50 %. In contrast, we found little evidence of heritability on flanker performance. For both tasks no effects of sex on performance variation were found. Conclusions These results suggest that normal variation in Stroop performance is influenced by underlying genetic variation. Given that Stroop performance is often hampered not only in people suffering from frontal dysfunction, but also in their unaffected relatives, we conclude that this variable may constitute a suitable endophenotype for future genetic studies. We discuss several reasons for the absence of genetic effects on the flanker task.

  10. Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years old.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamond, Adele; Lee, Kathleen

    2011-08-19

    To be successful takes creativity, flexibility, self-control, and discipline. Central to all those are executive functions, including mentally playing with ideas, giving a considered rather than an impulsive response, and staying focused. Diverse activities have been shown to improve children's executive functions: computerized training, noncomputerized games, aerobics, martial arts, yoga, mindfulness, and school curricula. All successful programs involve repeated practice and progressively increase the challenge to executive functions. Children with worse executive functions benefit most from these activities; thus, early executive-function training may avert widening achievement gaps later. To improve executive functions, focusing narrowly on them may not be as effective as also addressing emotional and social development (as do curricula that improve executive functions) and physical development (shown by positive effects of aerobics, martial arts, and yoga).

  11. Mentzer index as a screening tool for iron deficiency anemia in 6-12-year-old children

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    Sri Lestari S. Alam

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background There is a high prevalence of iron deficiency anemia (IDA in Indonesia. Iron deficiency anemia impairs the growth and development process in children. The reference standard to diagnose IDA is serum ferritin level. Since this test is expensive and rare not widely available, an inexpensive, simpler test is needed. The Mentzer index (mean corpuscular volume/red blood cell or MCV/RBC has been used to identify hypochromic-microcytic anemia with good validity. Objective To assess the validity of the Mentzer index for diagnosing IDA by comparing Mentzer indexes to serum ferritin and to define an optimal Mentzer index cut off point with good sensitivity and specificity. Methods The study was a diagnostic test with cross-sectional design. Subjects were collected by multistage, random sampling, from April to May 2013 at 18 elementary schools in Palembang. The study had a survey phase and diagnostic test phase. Subjects were aged 6-12 years with hypochromic-microcytic anemia. We examined complete blood counts to diagnose hypochromic-microcytic anemia, calculated Mentzer indexes, and measured serum ferritin levels of our subjects. We analyzed the validity of index compared to serum ferritin level for diagnosing IDA. Results There were 100 children in our study, consisting of 51 boys and 49 girls with a mean age of 9.1 (SD 2.02 years. From the receiver-operator curve (ROC curve analysis, the area under the curve (AUC was 91.9% for a Mentzer index cutoff point of 13.51. Diagnostic test analysis revealed a sensitivity of 93%, specificity 84%, and accuracy 90%. Conclusion Mentzer index has good validity as an inexpensive and simple screen for IDA in 6-12-year-old children with hypochromic-microcytic anemia [Paediatr Indones. 2014;54:294-8.].

  12. The Contribution of the New South Wales Primary Schools Sports Association towards Developing Talent in Australian 12-Year-Old Female Swimmers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Light, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on a case study that inquired into the influence of the New South Wales Primary Schools Sports Association competitive swimming structure on the development of talented 12-year old female swimmers. The study focused on ten 12-year old girls in the New South Wales team that contested the 2009 national swimming championships…

  13. Reference values for the muscle power sprint test in 6- to 12-year-old children.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Douma-van Riet, Danielle; Verschuren, O.; Jelsma, Dorothee; Kruitwagen, C.L.J.J.; Smits-Engelsman, B.; Takken, T.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The aims of this study were (1) to develop centile reference values for anaerobic performance of Dutch children tested using the Muscle Power Sprint Test (MPST) and (2) to examine the test-retest reliability of the MPST. Methods: Children who were developing typically (178 boys and 201 girl

  14. Choroidal thickness in relation to birth parameters in 11- to 12-year-old children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Xiao Q; Munkholm, Anja; Larsen, Michael;

    2015-01-01

    to -1] μm, P = 0.04) compared with appropriate for gestation children. Longer birth length was associated with a thicker subfoveal choroid (2 [1-4] μm/cm, P = 0.005). Macular choroidal thickness at 16 extrafoveal locations was measured in a subset of children and found to have the same associations......PURPOSE: To examine choroidal thickness in a population-based child cohort in relation to birth parameters. METHODS: The Copenhagen Child Cohort 2000 Eye Study examined 1406 children aged 11 to 12 years using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT), ocular...... biometry and measurement of height, weight, refraction, and self-reported pubertal development status. Birth parameters were obtained from the Danish Medical Birth Registry. RESULTS: The subfoveal choroid in low birth weight children (

  15. Obesity and asthma in 11-12 year old New Zealand children in 1989 and 2000

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wickens, K; Barry, D; Friezema, A; Rhodius, R; Bone, N; Purdie, G; Crane, J

    2005-01-01

    Background: There has been a concurrent increase in the prevalence of obesity and asthma in recent years in New Zealand and other countries. Methods: Two cross sectional surveys performed in 1989 and 2000 were used to test this association in children of mean age 11.7 years. Body mass index (BMI) wa

  16. Cerebral Palsy in 1-12 Year Old Children in Southern Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    INALOO, Soroor; KATIBEH, Pegah; GHASEMOF, Masroor

    2016-01-01

    Objective Cerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive CNS disorder due to an insult to the growing brain, usually occurring in the first two years of life. During the recent years, its etiology has been changed; perinatal and postnatal insults are not considered as its main causes in developed countries any more. The aim of this study was to evaluate the causes of CP in children in southern Iran. Materials & Methods Overall, 200 children with CP aged 1-12 yr old referring to Pediatric Neurology Clinic affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran between 2012 and 2013 were enrolled. In addition, 200 healthy age and sex-matched children were considered as the control group. Exclusion criteria were isolated movement disorders with no other evidence of CP, progressive neurologic disorders, metabolic disorders, and incomplete or uncertain past history. After collecting the data on pregnancy period, prenatal history and past medical problems, they were analyzed with appropriate statistical methods. Results Maternal age, medical problems during pregnancy period, route of delivery, head circumference at birth, neonatal admission, neonatal jaundice, and prematurity were the main risk factors for CP. Discussion The distribution of risk factors of CP is different from that of developed countries in our region. Pre- and peri-natal etiologies are still among the common causes of CP in Iran. PMID:27057186

  17. Clinical evaluation of buccal mucosal lesions in hospitalized children from 3 to 12 years-old

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    Silvana Amado Libério

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the presence of oral mucosa alterations in children from 3 to 12 year of age, hospitalized in the period from January to May 2004. Methods: A clinical evaluation was made of the oral mucosa alterations in 165 hospitalized children from 3 to 12 of age, in the period from January to May 2004, of both genders, interned in the three wings of the mother and child ospital “Hospital Universitário Materno Infantil” of the Federal University of Maranhão.Results: The most frequent alterations were encrusted tongue (61.82%, pseudomembranous candidiasis (5.45% and recurrent herpeticinfection (3.64%, no difference being found with regard to their presence in the age groups (3 to 6 years of age and 7 to 12 years ofage, however, boys were more affected (85.90% than girls (71.26%.Conclusion: Of the 165 children examined, 78.18% exhibited alterations and in certain cases, more than one alteration was observed at the time of the exam.

  18. Blunted Cortisol Responses to Stress Signal Social and Behavioral Problems Among Maltreated/Bullied 12-Year-Old Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouellet-Morin, Isabelle; Odgers, Candice L.; Danese, Andrea; Bowes, Lucy; Shakoor, Sania; Papadopoulos, Andrew S.; Caspi, Avshalom; Moffitt, Terrie E.; Arseneault, Louise

    2013-01-01

    Background Evidence from animal and human studies suggests that early-life stress such as physical maltreatment has long-lasting effects on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and is associated with blunted HPA axis reactivity in adulthood. Few studies have investigated whether blunted HPA axis reactivity observed in children exposed to early-life stress signals social, emotional, and behavioral problems. Methods Participants were 190 12-year-old children (50.5% males) recruited from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study, a nationally representative 1994 to 1995 cohort of families with twins. Cortisol responses to psychosocial stress were measured in maltreated/ bullied (n = 64) and comparison children (n = 126). We ascertained maltreatment and bullying victimization using mothers’ reports and assessed children’s social, emotional, and behavioral problems at ages 5 and 12 using mothers’ and teachers’ reports. Results Piecewise multilevel growth curve analyses indicated that maltreated/bullied and comparison children showed distinct cortisol responses to stress. Specifically, maltreated/bullied children had lower cortisol responses than comparison children who exhibited a significant increase. Lower cortisol responses were, in turn, associated with more social and behavioral problems among maltreated/bullied children. Conclusions These findings provide support for the influence of childhood harm on blunted HPAaxis reactivity and its potential impacton children’s functioning. Our findings emphasize the need to integrate stress biomarkers in guiding prevention efforts for young victims. PMID:21839988

  19. ORAL VERSUS NASAL VASOPRESSIN IN THE TREATMENT OF NOCTURNAL ENURESIS IN 5- TO 12-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas TAGHAVI ARDAKANI

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveNocturnal enuresis is a common childhood problem and has various treatments.This study was carried out to compare oral and nasal vasopressin in the treatment of nocturnal enuresis in 5- to 12-year-old children who were referred to the Shahid Beheshti Clinic in 2008.Materials & MethodsThis study included 100 children (62 males and 38 females with nocturnal enuresis. One group (50 patients received 20 mcg nasal vasopressin which increased up to 40 mcg, depending on the patients' response. The other group (50 patients received 0.2 mg oral vasopressin which increased up to 0.4 mg.The patients were followed up for one month after response to the last dose of drug. Data were recorded in prepared forms and analyzed using Chi-Square and Fisher Test.ResultsThe success rate with oral and nasal method was 80% and 92%, respectively (P=0.08. Only 2% of the children had complications during the treatment; one child treated orally developed gastroenteritis and another child treated with the nasal method developed convulsions (P=1. Sixteen percent of the children treated with the oral method and 28% of the children treated with the nasal method had recurrence (P=0.148.ConclusionOral and nasal forms of vasopressin have equal therapeutic effects. However, oral form of the treatment has fewer serious side effects and is easier to use. Therefore, the use of oral medicine is recommended.

  20. Moderate versus severe early life stress: Associations with stress reactivity and regulation in 10–12-year-old children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunnar, Megan R.; Frenn, Kristin; Wewerka, Sandi S.; Van Ryzin, Mark J.

    2009-01-01

    Summary Early life stress (ELS) is expected to increase reactivity of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenocortical (HPA) axis; however, several recent studies have shown diminished cortisol reactivity among adults and children with ELS exposure. The goal of this study was to examine cortisol activity in 10–12-year-old internationally adopted children to determine if moderate and severe ELS have different impacts on the HPA axis. Salivary cortisol and two measures of autonomic activity were collected in response to the Trier Social Stress Test for Children (TSST-C). Three groups reflecting moderate, severe, and little ELS were studied: early adopted children who came predominantly from foster care overseas (early adopted/foster care (EA/FC), n = 44), later adopted children cared for predominantly in orphanages overseas (late adopted/post-institutionalized (LA/PI), n = 42) and non-adopted (NA) children reared continuously by their middle- to upper-income parents in the United States (n = 38). Diminished cortisol activity was noted for the EA/FC group (moderate ELS), while the LA/PI group (severe ELS) did not differ from the NA group. Overall, few children showed cortisol elevations to the TSST-C in any group. The presence/absence of severe growth delay at adoption proved to be a critical predictive factor in cortisol activity. Regardless of growth delay, however, LA/PI children exhibited higher sympathetic tone than did NA children. These results suggest that moderate ELS is associated with diminished cortisol activity; however, marked individual differences in cortisol activity among the LA/PI children suggest that child factors modify the impact of severe ELS. Lack of effects of severe ELS even for growth delayed children may reflect the restorative effects of adoption or the generally low responsiveness of this age group to the TSST-C. PMID:18835102

  1. Comparison of Health-Related Quality of Life among 10- to 12-Year-Old Children with Chronic Illnesses and Healthy Children: The Parents' Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svavarsdottir, Erla Kolbrun; Orlygsdottir, Brynja

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate mothers' and fathers' perception of their child's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among 10- to 12-year-old Icelandic children with or without chronic health condition or illness. A total of 912 Icelandic parents (510 mothers and 402 fathers) and 480 children (209 boys and 271 girls) participated in…

  2. The development of the illusion of control and sense of agency in 7- to-12-year old children and adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Elk, Michiel; Rutjens, Bastiaan T; van der Pligt, Joop

    2015-12-01

    The illusion of control can be defined as the erroneous belief that one's actions cause a specific outcome, whereas sense of agency refers to the subjective feeling of authorship over one's actions. In the present study we investigated the development of illusory control and sense of agency. A novel card-guessing game was developed in which 7- to-12-year old children (Study 1) and adults (Study 2) were required to select a card, and we manipulated the congruence of the outcome with their initial choice (i.e., congruent or incongruent) and the valence of the outcome that was presented (i.e., positive or negative). We found that illusory control and the self-attribution bias (i.e., the bias to attribute positive outcomes to oneself) in the card guessing game decreased, as children get older. In contrast, for both children and adults sense of agency in the task was similarly affected by outcome congruency, suggesting that the ability to relate predicted to observed action outcomes reflects a basic mechanism that helps people to sustain a sense of agency. Thus, while the illusion of control decreases as we get older, the experience of agency as a function of outcome congruency seems to be more stable across development.

  3. An Investigation on the Correlation between DMFT and OHI- S Indices on 12- Year- Old School Girls in Kashan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.Afshar

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: DMFT and OHI- S indices are two of the most important quantitative factors, measuring tooth health and oral hygiene, respectively.Propose: The aim of this study was to study of correlation between these indices in 12-year old school girls of Kashan.Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study on the correlation between these indices were carried out on 242, twelve year- old school girls in Kashan and the results, have been presented in this paper.Results: The findings were as follows:Average and standard deviation of decayed, missed and filled teeth were (1.12, 1.5, (0.05,0.25 and (0.28, 0.92, respectively. Average and standard deviation of DMFT was 1.45 and 1.73, respectively, with 45.5 percent of the cases being caries free (DMFT= O. OHI- S index, on the other hand, showed an average of 1.46 with a standard deviation of 0.42.Conclusion: The result of the c2.test, carried out on the measured data, showed no correlation between the DMFT and OHI-S indices.

  4. ORAL VERSUS NASAL VASOPRESSIN IN THE TREATMENT OF NOCTURNAL ENURESIS IN 5- TO 12-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas TAGHAVI ARDAKANI

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveNocturnal enuresis is a common childhood problem and has various  treatments.This study was carried out to compare oral and nasal vasopressin in the treatment of nocturnal enuresis in 5- to 12-year-old children who were referred to the Shahid Beheshti Clinic in 2008.Materials & MethodsThis study included 100 children (62 males and 38 females with nocturnal enuresis. One group (50 patients received 20 mcg nasal vasopressin which increased up to 40 mcg, depending on the patients' response. The other group (50 patients received 0.2 mg oral vasopressin which increased up to 0.4 mg.The patients were followed up for one month after response to the last dose of drug. Data were recorded in prepared forms and analyzed using Chi-Square and Fisher Test.ResultsThe success rate with oral and nasal method was 80% and 92%, respectively (P=0.08. Only 2% of the children had complications during the treatment; one child treated orally developed gastroenteritis and another child treated with the nasal method developed convulsions (P=1. Sixteen percent of the children treated with the oral method and 28% of the children treated with the nasal method had recurrence (P=0.148.ConclusionOral and nasal forms of vasopressin have equal therapeutic effects. However, oral form of the treatment has fewer serious side effects and is easier to use. Therefore, the use of oral medicine is recommended.Keywords:Nasal vasopressin, Nocturnal enuresis, Oral vasopressin

  5. Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils Factors related to dental health in 12-year-old children: a cross-sectional study in pupils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto Smyth

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to identify factors related to the prevalence of caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using a representative sample (n = 1217 of the population of 12-year-old schoolchildren in Galiza (northwest Spain. Independent variables were measured through a questionnaire, and dependent variables were determined through oral examination. Multiple and logistic regression were applied. Results: The decayed, missing and filled permanent teeth/decayed, filled primary teeth (DMFT-dft value in the sample was 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.67-1.98, the DMFT value was 1.53 (95% CI, 1.37-1.67, and the prevalence of caries was 61% (95% CI, 57.7-64.5. The prevalence of caries was directly related to a low frequency of brushing, greater use of toothpaste, and a higher consumption of sweets. The prevalence of caries was higher in rural than in urban areas. In contrast, the higher the mother's level of education and the greater the subject's knowledge of dental health, the lower the prevalence of caries. Conclusions: The main goals of dental health programmes should be to achieve quality brushing every day in children, to reduce the consumption of sweets, and to increase knowledge of dental health.Objetivo: Identificar los factores asociados a la prevalencia de caries en escolares de 12 años. Métodos: Estudio transversal sobre una muestra (n = 1.217 de escolares de 12 años de Galicia. Las variables independientes se midieron mediante un cuestionario y las dependientes, a través de exploración bucal. En el análisis estadístico se aplicaron regresión logística y regresión lineal múltiple. Resultados: El índice CAO-co en la muestra fue 1,83 (intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95%, 1,67-1,98, el índice CAO 1,53 (IC del 95%, 1,37-1,67, mientras que la prevalencia de caries se situó en el 61% (IC del 95%, 57,7-64,5. La prevalencia de caries estuvo directamente asociada a

  6. Basic Number Processing Deficits in ADHD: A Broad Examination of Elementary and Complex Number Processing Skills in 9- to 12-Year-Old Children with ADHD-C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufmann, Liane; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph

    2008-01-01

    ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) and academic difficulties are frequently associated, but to date this link is poorly understood. In order to explore which components of number processing and calculation skills may be disturbed in children with ADHD we presented a series of respective tasks to 9- to 12-year-old children with…

  7. Dental Health Status of 12-Year-Old Students from Public Schools and Tooth Loss of Adults from the City of Popayan (Cauca, Colombia), 2009

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: Determine the dental health status of a population of 12-years-old students from public schools and the tooth loss percentage of adults in the city of Popayan (Cauca, Colombia). Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 967 12-years-old schoolchildren corresponding to 20% of the population, according to the National Bureau of Statistics, projection for 2008, and 1,406 adults (p=0.05). The decayed, missing and filled teeth Index (DMFT) was established by following the Wor...

  8. A silent public health crisis: untreated caries and dental infections among 6- and 12-year-old children in the Philippine National Oral Health Survey 2006.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monse, Bella; Benzian, Habib; Araojo, Juan; Holmgren, Christopher; van Palenstein Helderman, Wim; Naliponguit, Ella-Cecilia; Heinrich-Weltzien, Roswitha

    2015-03-01

    The oral health status of 6- and 12-year-old Filipino children was assessed in a representative national sample of 2030 6-year-old and 2022 12-year-old children, using WHO Basic Methods for Oral Health Surveys (4th edition, 1997) and the PUFA (pulpal involvement [P/p], ulceration caused by dislocated tooth fragments [U/u], fistula [F/f], and abscess [A/a]) index. A subsample of 242 12-year-old children was included to assess backward comparability between the 1998 Oral Health Survey that used WHO Basic Methods (3rd edition, 1987). The results showed that 97% of 6-year-old children had caries (mean dmft 8.4), 85% showed dental infection (mean pufa 3.4), 20% reported pain when examined. In all, 82% of 12-year-old children had caries (mean DMFT 2.9), 56% prevalence of pulp involvement (mean PUFA 1.0), and 16% reported pain when examined. Differences in methodology between the 1998 and the 2006 surveys are likely to have had an effect on the observed reduction in DMFT, indicating that the real caries prevalence had not changed much and remains very high.

  9. Association between obesity and blood pressure, vital capacity among children aged 7 ~ 12 years old in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou%张家口市卫华小学7~12岁儿童肥胖与血压及肺活量的相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐云鹏; 王文栋; 齐文峰; 常晓彤

    2013-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children aged 7~12 years old in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou,and analyze their relationships between obesity and blood pressure,vital capacity.[Methods] In September 2012,1 530 children aged 7~ 12 years old were involved by a cluster sampling method in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou.The weight,height,blood pressure,vital capacity,and other related indexes were measured,with body mass index (BMI) being calculated.According to the BMI value,the overweight and obese children were defined.The relationships between obesity and blood pressure levels,vital capacity were also analyzed.[Results] The total prevalence of overweight and obesity in involved children were 13.01 % and 14.25 %,respectively.Among boys and girls,the prevalences were 17.2% and 8.31% for overweight,while 14.23% and 8.59% for obesity,respectively.Both the prevalences of overweight and obesity in boys were significantly higher than those in girls (P<0.01).The systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels were higher in overweight and obese children than those in the normal weight children (P<0.01).The detection rates of high blood pressure among overweight,obesity and normal children were 10.55 %,39.95 % and 4.85 %,respectively,which had a significant difference(P<0.01).When the children's BMI was less than 30,BMI was positively correlated with vital capacity,and when the children's BMI was greater than or equal to 30,BMI was negatively correlated with vital capacity.[Conclusions] The prevalences of overweight and obesity are high among children in Weihua primary school in Zhangjiakou,and higher prevalence is found in the boys.The SBP and DBP levels of children are increasing continuously following by increasing obesity,and the prevalence of high blood pressure is also increasing from normal weight,overweight to obesity.When children's BMI is greater than or equal

  10. The Children’s DEBQ (DEBQ-C) for assessment of restrained, emotional and external eating in 7-12 year old children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strien, T. van; Oosterveld, P.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Construct an age adapted version of the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) for measurement of restrained, emotional and external eating in 7- to 12-year-old children: the DEBQ-C. xxx METHOD: The DEBQ-C was constructed and tested for its reliability, factorial validity, factorial

  11. Determinants of Inclusive Education of 8-12 Year-Old Children with Cerebral Palsy in 9 European Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sentenac, Mariane; Ehlinger, Virginie; Michelsen, Susan Ishoy; Marcelli, Marco; Dickinson, Heather Olivia; Arnaud, Catherine

    2013-01-01

    The principle of inclusive education has been increasingly recognised over recent decades and most countries officially support schooling of children with disabilities in mainstream settings. The SPARCLE study offers the opportunity to report on the schooling practices for children with cerebral palsy according to the nature and severity of their…

  12. Determinants of inclusive education of 8-12 year-old children with cerebral palsy in 9 European regions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sentenac, Mariane; Ehlinger, Virginie; Michelsen, Susan Ishøy;

    2013-01-01

    The principle of inclusive education has been increasingly recognised over recent decades and most countries officially support schooling of children with disabilities in mainstream settings. The SPARCLE study offers the opportunity to report on the schooling practices for children with cerebral ...

  13. Obesity and related factors in 7-12 year-old elementary school students during 2009-2010 in Sari, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salar Behzadnia

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Aim To define the prevalence of obesity and its related factors in 2-7 year-old elementary school students in Sari city (Mazandaran, Iran. Methods In this descriptive cross sectional study, which was conducted in the 2009-2010 period, the study population included7-12 year-old first to fifth grade elementary school students in Sari. Sampling was multi-stage and stratified randomization at level of the target students. Student’s height and weight were measured using stediometer and digital scales. Body Mass Index (BMI was calculated. A questionnaire about feeding habits and socio-economic status(SES of families was used. Data collection was performed using phone interview with parents also the questionnaire’s records. Analysis was done in SPSS16 using appropriate statistical tests, p85% and 78 (12% were obese (BMI> 95%. Higher prevalence of obesity in the children with good socio economic status was found (p=0.001. Significant relationship between usage of fast food and obesity, and between school grade and obesity (p= 0.001 was found. Conclusion The overall prevalence of obesity in studied children was high, which suggests the need for serious attention in the health system, extensive studies, also designing and implementation of interventions with regard to childhood obesity.

  14. The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Children with Chronic Pain (CHACT on the Function of 7 to 12 Year-Old children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheila Ghomian

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Children with Chronic Pain (CHACT on the function of 7 to 12 year-old children. Thus, the basic problem of the current study is whether CHACT can improve the function level of 7 to 12 year-old children with chronic pain? Method: According to the criteria of chronic pain, a number of children with chronic pain were selected by available sampling method from specialty and subspecialty pediatric hospitals of Tehran. Then, among the children, 20 children who according to their parents prepared to participate in this study and met the inclusion criteria, were selected. They were placed in the experimental group (n = 10 and control group (n = 10. The child and parent versions of Function Disability Inventory (FDI were answered by children and parents in both groups at the pre-test, post-test, first and second follow-up. Result: The result showed that the experimental group compared with the control group showed significant change in function in multiple stages. These changes continued after the treatment, first and secondary follow-up. Conclusion: Regarding the impact of CHACT on the function of children with chronic pain, it can be said that this protocol can be used in clinical fields, especially in the area of improving the function that appears that is one of the most vulnerable areas that children with chronic pain are faced with it.

  15. The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Children with Chronic Pain on the Quality of Life on 7 to 12 Year-Old Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheila Ghomian

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Backgrounds: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Children with Chronic Pain (CHACT on quality of life of 7 to 12 year-old children. Thus, the basic problem of the current study is whether CHACT can increase the quality of life on 7 to 12 year-old children with chronic pain?   Materials and Methods: According to the criteria of chronic pain, a number of children suffering from chronic pain were selected by available sampling method from specialty and subspecialty pediatric hospitals of Tehran. Then, among the children, 20 children who according to their parents were prepared to participate in this study and met the inclusion criteria, were selected and were placed in the experimental group (n=10, and the control group (n=10. The KID Screen was administered in both groups at the pre-test, post-test, first and second follow-up.   Results: The results showed that the experimental group compared with the control group showed significant change in quality of life in multiple stages( P

  16. Untreated severe dental decay: a neglected determinant of low Body Mass Index in 12-year-old Filipino children.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benzian, H.; Monse, B.; Heinrich-Weltzien, R.; Hobdell, M.; Mulder, J.; Palenstein Helderman, W.H. van

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Dental decay is the most common childhood disease worldwide and most of the decay remains untreated. In the Philippines caries levels are among the highest in the South East Asian region. Elementary school children suffer from high prevalence of stunting and underweight.The present study

  17. Evaluation of the UP4FUN intervention: a cluster randomized trial to reduce and break up sitting time in European 10-12-year-old children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frøydis N Vik

    Full Text Available The UP4FUN intervention is a family-involved school-based intervention aiming at reducing and breaking up sitting time at home (with special emphasis on screen time, and breaking up sitting time in school among 10-12 year olds in Europe. The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate its short term effects.A total of 3147 pupils from Belgium, Germany, Greece, Hungary and Norway participated in a school-randomized controlled trial. The intervention included 1-2 school lessons per week for a period of six weeks, along with assignments for the children and their parents. Screen time and breaking up sitting time were registered by self-report and total sedentary time and breaking up sitting time by accelerometry. The effect of the intervention on these behaviors was evaluated by multilevel regression analyses. All analyses were adjusted for baseline values and gender. Significance level was p≤0.01. No significant intervention effects were observed, neither for self-reported TV/DVD or computer/game console time, nor for accelerometer-assessed total sedentary time and number of breaks in sitting time. The intervention group, however, reported more positive attitudes towards (β = 0.25 (95% CI 0.11, 0.38 and preferences/liking for (β = 0.20 (95% CI 0.08, 0.32 breaking up sitting time than the control group.No significant intervention effect on self-reported screen time or accelerometer-assessed sedentary time or breaks in sitting time was observed, but positive effects on beliefs regarding breaking up sitting time were found in favor of the intervention group. Overall, these results do not warrant wider dissemination of the present UP4FUN intervention.International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number Registry ISRCTN34562078.

  18. Process and product in writing--a methodological contribution to the assessment of written narratives in 8-12-year-old Swedish children using ScriptLog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asker-Arnason, Lena; Wengelin, Asa; Sahlén, Birgitta

    2008-01-01

    Twenty-seven children, with typical language development (TLD), 8-10 years old and 10-12 years old, were assessed with keystroke-logging in order to investigate their narrative writing. Measures of the writing process and the written product were used. One purpose was to explore how children produce written narratives in on-line production, and to relate the writing process to the written product. The results showed that those children who produced the final text faster, also wrote stories that comprised of more words. In the group of older children, children with better narrative ability used less pause time than those with worse ability, and the girls were faster writers than the boys. We believe that keystroke-logging gives valuable information for the assessment of young children's writing and that it is a potentially valid assessment tool for children from about 10 years of age.

  19. ASUPAN KALSIUM DAN VITAMIN D PADA ANAK INDONESIA USIA 2 – 12 TAHUN [Calcium and Vitamin D Intake of Indonesian Children 2-12 Years Old

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Valentina*

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Food consumption is playing an important role for nutritional status of children 2-12 years old. During growth and development phase, body needs macro and micro nutrients even more than later phase. The process can not be catched up at later stage therefore it is very important to pay attention to food consumption during this phase. This study used secondary data of South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS 2011-2012 which was covered recapitulation profile data of 300 children age 2-12 years old representative of 48 districts in Indonesia. The study showed that Indonesian children consuming less calcium and vitamin D-rich foods than the recommended daily allowance (RDA. It does not reflects on the result of anthropometry data, vitamin D on the blood and bone mass density since the dietary recall 24 hours shows only food consumption in that specific day while nutritional status shows a result of longer process. However, vitamin D in blood has a significant correlation with bone mass density of tibia bone (p<0.05. Deficiency of calcium and mainly vitamin D is a new finding at this time. Therefore, the study showed that fortification of calcium and vitamin min D in food become important to improve nutritional status of Indonesian children. 20% of RDA per serving size twice a day is recommended as well for fortification level of Calcium and Vitamin D.

  20. Self-reported psychopathic traits and socio-emotional function in 9-12 year old children from the community

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baardewijk, Joost van

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to enhance our understanding of the concept of psychopathic traits in preadolescent children. It did so by investigating a new assessment tool providing a previously unexplored perspective on psychopathic traits in preadolescent children: that of the child itself. This is

  1. Micro-RNAs Let7e and 126 in Plasma as Markers of Metabolic Dysfunction in 10 to 12 Years Old Children.

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    Bernardo J Krause

    Full Text Available Growing evidence shows that metabolic syndrome (MetS is already starting in childhood however there is no consensus regarding how to diagnose this condition in pediatric population. Studies in adults show that altered levels of specific micro-RNAs are related with components of the MetS.We determined the plasma levels of four MetS-associated micro-RNAs (miR-126, miR-132, mir-145 and Let-7e in 10 to 12 years old children with or without MetS traits.Pediatric subjects were selected from a cohort of 3325 school-age children, and clustered by the absence (control, n = 30, or the presence of 1 (n = 50, 2 (n = 41 or 3 (n = 35 MetS traits according to Cook´s criteria. Micro-RNAs were isolated from plasma, and levels of miR-126, miR-132, miR-145 and Let-7e were determined by Taqman qPCR.Regression analysis of the different MetS traits regarding the different miRNAs analyzed showed that Let-7e presented a negative association with HDL-C levels, but a positive correlation with the number of MetS traits. Levels of miR-126 presented a positive correlation with waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, BMI, and plasma triglycerides and VLDL-C. Levels of miR-132 showed a positive correlation with waist to hip ratio. Plasma levels of Let-7e were increased (~3.4 fold in subjects with 3 MetS traits, and showed significant AUC (0.681; 95%CI = [0.58, 0.78]; p < 0.001 in the ROC analysis which were improved when miR-126 was included in the analysis (AUC 0.729; p < 0.001. In silico analysis of the interaction of proteins derived from mRNAs targeted by Let7 and miR-126 showed an important effect of both Let-7e and miR-126 regulating the insulin signaling pathway.These results suggest that changes in the plasma levels of Let-7e and miR-126 could represent early markers of metabolic dysfunction in children with MetS traits.

  2. Normative Data for the Words-in-Noise Test for 6- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Richard H.; Farmer, Nicole M.; Gandhi, Avni; Shelburne, Emily; Weaver, Jamie

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: To establish normative data for children on the Words-in-Noise Test (WIN; R. H. Wilson, 2003; R. H. Wilson & R. McArdle, 2007). Method: Forty-two children in each of 7 age groups, ranging in age from 6 to 12 years (n = 294), and 24 young adults (age range: 18-27 years) with normal hearing for pure tones participated. All listeners…

  3. Protein Intake as a Risk Factor of Overweight/Obesity in 8- to 12-Year-Old Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Mar Bibiloni, Maria; Tur, Josep A; Morandi, Anita; Tommasi, Mara; Tomasselli, Francesca; Maffeis, Claudio

    2015-12-01

    Several studies investigating the relationship between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and/or body fat (BF) with macronutrient composition of the diet have suggested that dietary composition may play an important role to overweight/obesity in childhood, but its relation remains inconclusive. The aim was to assess the association between energy intake (EI) and macronutrient diet composition with overweight/obesity among children.Nonrandomized cohort study including 396 Italian children and preadolescents (9-13 years old), 200 overweight/obese and 196 normal-weight. The children's weight, height, WC, and food intake were measured.Reported EI was higher in overweight/obese than in nonoverweight children; however, after body weight was considered, the overweight/obese children had less EI than their leaner counterparts. Percentages of EI from proteins, SFA, MUFA and PUFA (in males), and dietary fiber (g/1000 kcal) were higher in the overweight/obese children than in the leaner ones. EI from carbohydrates and fats was lower in overweight/obese males and females, respectively. Positive correlations between BMI and waist-to-height ratio with EI from proteins were found in males (r = 0.296, P regression, the highest EI from proteins were associated with higher odds ratio for overweight/obesity, while the lowest EI from carbohydrates was associated with higher odds ratio for overweight/obesity in males.Reported EI of overweight/obese children was higher than nonoverweight peers. Overweight/obese children had higher intakes of proteins compared with nonoverweight ones. Overweight/obese males and females showed lower EI from carbohydrates and fats, respectively, than their leaner counterparts.

  4. [Self-evaluation of the quality of life of children aged 6 to 12 years old: analysis of the concept and development of a prototype tool].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gayral-Taminh, M; Bravi, C; Depond, M; Pourre, F; Maffre, T; Raynaud, J P; Grandjean, H

    2005-03-01

    The objective of this work was to assess the quality of life of children aged 6 to 12 years old. The authors present the different conceptual and operational steps which lead to the construction of a prototype tool. It was a generic tool composed of 63 items which covered the classically described areas of life. Its originality was due to the method of construction used which included children's involvement, to the pictorial representation of real-life situations for children, and to its adaptation for gender. The evaluation of this tool showed a good level of acceptability but statistical analysis revealed some metrological inadequacies leading to the reconsideration of the initial concepts and their methods of exploration. Therefore a new tool was constructed whose validation is presented in a second article in the next issue.

  5. Gender, Popularity and Notions of In/Authenticity amongst 12-Year-Old to 13-Year-Old School Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Barbara; Francis, Becky; Skelton, Christine

    2011-01-01

    This paper draws on data from a research project investigating gendered identities and interactions of high-achieving students in Year Eight in England (12-13 years old), particularly in relation to students' "popularity" amongst their peers. As part of this study 71 students were interviewed from nine different schools in urban, rural and small…

  6. Etiological features of borderline personality related characteristics in a birth cohort of 12-year-old children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belsky, Daniel W; Caspi, Avshalom; Arseneault, Louise; Bleidorn, Wiebke; Fonagy, Peter; Goodman, Marianne; Houts, Renate; Moffitt, Terrie E

    2012-02-01

    It has been reported that borderline personality related characteristics can be observed in children, and that these characteristics are associated with increased risk for the development of borderline personality disorder. It is not clear whether borderline personality related characteristics in children share etiological features with adult borderline personality disorder. We investigated the etiology of borderline personality related characteristics in a longitudinal cohort study of 1,116 pairs of same-sex twins followed from birth through age 12 years. Borderline personality related characteristics measured at age 12 years were highly heritable, were more common in children who had exhibited poor cognitive function, impulsivity, and more behavioral and emotional problems at age 5 years, and co-occurred with symptoms of conduct disorder, depression, anxiety, and psychosis. Exposure to harsh treatment in the family environment through age 10 years predicted borderline personality related characteristics at age 12 years. This association showed evidence of environmental mediation and was stronger among children with a family history of psychiatric illness, consistent with diathesis-stress models of borderline etiology. Results indicate that borderline personality related characteristics in children share etiological features with borderline personality disorder in adults and suggest that inherited and environmental risk factors make independent and interactive contributions to borderline etiology.

  7. Etiological features of borderline personality related characteristics in a birth cohort of 12-year-old children

    Science.gov (United States)

    BELSKY, DANIEL W.; CASPI, AVSHALOM; ARSENEAULT, LOUISE; BLEIDORN, WIEBKE; FONAGY, PETER; GOODMAN, MARIANNE; HOUTS, RENATE; MOFFITT, TERRIE E.

    2012-01-01

    It has been reported that borderline personality related characteristics can be observed in children, and that these characteristics are associated with increased risk for the development of borderline personality disorder. It is not clear whether borderline personality related characteristics in children share etiological features with adult borderline personality disorder. We investigated the etiology of borderline personality related characteristics in a longitudinal cohort study of 1,116 pairs of same-sex twins followed from birth through age 12 years. Borderline personality related characteristics measured at age 12 years were highly heritable, were more common in children who had exhibited poor cognitive function, impulsivity, and more behavioral and emotional problems at age 5 years, and co-occurred with symptoms of conduct disorder, depression, anxiety, and psychosis. Exposure to harsh treatment in the family environment through age 10 years predicted borderline personality related characteristics at age 12 years. This association showed evidence of environmental mediation and was stronger among children with a family history of psychiatric illness, consistent with diathesis–stress models of borderline etiology. Results indicate that borderline personality related characteristics in children share etiological features with borderline personality disorder in adults and suggest that inherited and environmental risk factors make independent and interactive contributions to borderline etiology. PMID:22293008

  8. Is asthma in 2-12 year-old children associated with physician-attended recurrent upper respiratory tract infections?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hak, Eelko; Rovers, Maroeska M; Sachs, Alfred P E; Stalman, Wim A B; Verheij, Theo J M

    2003-01-01

    In a prevalence study, we evaluated whether recurrent physician-attended URTI episodes are more common in asthmatic children as compared to age- and gender-matched controls. URTI proneness, defined as > or = 5 episodes of rhinitis/pharyngitis, sinusitis, laryngitis/tracheitis or otitis media in a 24

  9. Participation in life situations of 8-12 year old children with cerebral palsy: cross sectional European study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fauconnier, Jérôme; Dickinson, Heather O; Beckung, Eva

    2009-01-01

    with lower participation for specific domains, but the sociodemographic factors examined were not. Impairment and pain accounted for up to a sixth of the variation in participation. Participation on all domains varied substantially between regions: children in east Denmark had consistently higher...... practice to guide intervention and assess its effect. Pain should be carefully assessed. Some European countries facilitate participation better than others, implying some countries could make better provision. Legislation and regulation should be directed to ensuring this happens....

  10. The antibody titers to Helicobacter pylori in 7- 12 year old iron deficiency anemic children, in Ilam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Hoseinzadeh

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: It has recently been revealed that H. pylori infection is one the most important causes of anemia inhibiting iron uptake. The current study was designed to evaluate the correlation between the iron deficiency anemia and IgG to H. pylori in anemic children. Methods: In this analytical study, 100 anemic children were analyzed using total Iron, Ferritin, TIBC and H. pylori IgG assay. Data were collected using a questionnaire including parameters of age, blood group, infancy nutrition, iron consumption, fatigue, weakness, height, weight, gastrointestinal infectious, parasitic and blood diseases, parent literacy, income, inhabitation, etc. Data were analyzed using Multivariate Regression Analysis Models, Pearson Correlation- test and Kolmogrov Smirnov. Results: The most prevalent blood group detected in the study sample was group O (62%; 79% were breastfed, 9% were bottle- fed, 12% were both breastfed and bottle- fed. The history of gastrointestinal disorders was mentioned amongst 91% of the patients′ family members. A significant relationship was observed between the iron level with serum, ferritin, level of TIBC and elevated level of IgG titer to H. pylori (p < 0.001. There was a significant association between the shared dishes, GI disorders, fatigue and weakness and level of TIBC, ferritin, Iron and IgG (p < 0.001. Conclusions: The significant relationship between the iron level, IgG titer and H. pylori infection rate can be referred to as important factors influencing the anemia rate. Therefore, H. pylori IgG test can be checked for anemia together with the other routine tests.

  11. Self-reported quality of life of 8-12-year-old children with cerebral palsy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dickinson, Heather O; Parkinson, Kathryn N; Ravens-Sieberer, Ulrike;

    2007-01-01

    (61%) reported their QoL using KIDSCREEN, an instrument with scores in ten domains, each with SD=10. Multivariable regression was used to relate QoL to impairments, pain, and sociodemographic characteristics. Comparisons were made with QoL data from the general population. FINDINGS: Impairments were...... not significantly associated with six KIDSCREEN domains. Comparison of least and most able groups showed that severely limited self-mobility was significantly associated with reduced mean score for physical wellbeing (7.6, 95% CI 2.7-12.4); intellectual impairment with reduced mean for moods and emotions (3.7, 1.......5-5.9) and autonomy (3.3, 0.9-5.7); and speech difficulties with reduced mean for relationships with parents (4.5, 1.9-7.1). Pain was common and associated with lower QoL on all domains. Impairments and pain explained up to 3% and 7%, respectively, of variation in QoL. Children with cerebral palsy had similar Qo...

  12. Analysis on sleep duration of 6-12 years old school children in school-day in 8 provinces,China%我国八省份6~12岁儿童上学日睡眠状况分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石文惠; 翟屹; 李伟荣; 沈冲; 施小明

    2015-01-01

    目的 分析6~12岁儿童上学日睡眠的影响因素.方法 2010年9-11月,采用分层随机整群抽样方法,根据地理特征、社会经济发展水平等因素,以中国内地8省(直辖市、自治区)为抽样框,抽取20 603名6~12岁儿童作为研究对象,调查其睡眠时间及相关生活习惯.采用多因素logistic回归逐步法分析儿童睡眠时间的影响因素.结果 调查6~12岁儿童上学日平均每天的睡眠时间为9.11 h,睡眠严重不足、睡眠不足和睡眠适中的比例分别为32.82%(7 672/20 603)、39.70%(8 179/20 603)和27.48%(5 662/20 603),随年龄的增加,儿童睡眠时间减少,睡眠严重不足的比例增加.不同性别、城乡及经济水平之间儿童的睡眠时间及不同性别的小学生的睡眠构成并没有差异,但不同地域(城市和农村)与不同经济地区儿童睡眠构成的差异有统计学意义,农村儿童睡眠严重不足、睡眠适中的比例高于城市(x2=59.96,x2=45.47,P<0.05);而睡眠不足的比例低于城市的比例;经济水平高的地区儿童睡眠不足的比例最低,构成差异有统计学意义.在调整性别、体重、饮食习惯及运动时间后,多因素logistic回归结果显示,对促进儿童睡眠时间满足10h有积极保护作用的是饮食习惯中习惯吃肉、每日运动,经济水平高和居住于城市地区.结论 我国儿童存在不良的睡眠卫生习惯;睡眠时间不足呈现低龄化,农村儿童睡眠严重不足的现象较为常见.%Objective To analyze the influencing factors for sleep duration of school children aged 6-12 years in school-day in 8 provinces in China.Methods The cross sectional study was conducted among 20 603 children aged 6-12 years and selected through stratified random cluster sampling in 8 provinces (municipality and autonomous region) with different geographic characteristics and economic development level in China from September to November,2010 to understand their sleep duration

  13. Associations between home- and family-related factors and fruit juice and soft drink intake among 10- to 12-year old children. The ENERGY project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Lippevelde, Wendy; te Velde, Saskia J; Verloigne, Maïté; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Manios, Yannis; Bere, Elling; Jan, Nataša; Fernández-Alvira, Juan M; Chinapaw, Mai J M; Bringolf-Isler, Bettina; Kovacs, Eva; Brug, Johannes; Maes, Lea

    2013-02-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate associations of family-related factors with children's fruit drink/juice and soft drink consumption. A cross-sectional survey among 10- to 12-year-old children and their parents in eight European countries was conducted to gather this data. Key variables of interest were children's self-reported fruit drink/juice and soft drink intake per day (outcome) and family-related factors (based on parents' report) related to these two behaviors (modeling, automaticity, availability, monitoring, permissiveness, negotiating, communicating health beliefs, avoid negative modeling, self-efficacy, rewarding, and family consumption). 7915 Children (52% girls; mean age=11.7 ± 0.8 years) and 6512 parents (83% women; mean age=41.4 ± 5.3 years) completed the questionnaire. Multilevel regression analyses were used to examine the aforementioned associations. Three of the 11 family-related factors (modeling, availability, and family consumption) were positively associated with children's fruit drink/juice and soft drink intake. Additionally, three family-related factors (permissiveness, monitoring, and self-efficacy) were solely associated with soft drink intake and one family-related factor (communicating health beliefs) was related to fruit drink/juice intake. Future interventions targeting children's fruit drink/juice and soft drink intake should focus on the home environment, parents and their practices, especially on parents' fruit drink/juice and soft drink intake and availability of these beverages at home.

  14. Eating Problems and Overlap with ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Nationwide Twin Study of 9- and 12-Year-Old Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Råstam

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To establish the prevalence of restrictive eating problems, the overlap and association with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, and autism spectrum disorders (ASD and to estimate the heritability of eating problems in a general population sample of twins aged 9 and 12. Methods. Parents of all Swedish 9- and 12-year-old twin pairs born between 1993 and 1998 (n=12,366 were interviewed regarding symptoms of ADHD, ASD, and eating problems (EAT-P. Intraclass correlations and structural equation modelling were used for evaluating the influence of genetic and environmental factors. Cross-twin, cross-trait correlations were used to indicate a possible overlap between conditions. Results. The prevalence of eating problems was 0.6% in the study population and was significantly higher in children with ADHD and/or ASD. Among children with eating problems, 40% were screened positive for ADHD and/or ASD. Social interaction problems were strongly associated with EAT-P in girls, and impulsivity and activity problems with EAT-P in boys. The cross-twin, cross-trait correlations suggested low correlations between EAT-P and ADHD or EAT-P and ASD. Genetic effects accounted for 44% of the variation in liability for eating problems. Conclusions. In the group with eating problems, there was a clear overrepresentation of individuals with ADHD and/or ASD symptoms.

  15. Eating problems and overlap with ADHD and autism spectrum disorders in a nationwide twin study of 9- and 12-year-old children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Råstam, Maria; Täljemark, Jakob; Tajnia, Armin; Lundström, Sebastian; Gustafsson, Peik; Lichtenstein, Paul; Gillberg, Christopher; Anckarsäter, Henrik; Kerekes, Nóra

    2013-01-01

    AIM. To establish the prevalence of restrictive eating problems, the overlap and association with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and to estimate the heritability of eating problems in a general population sample of twins aged 9 and 12. METHODS. Parents of all Swedish 9- and 12-year-old twin pairs born between 1993 and 1998 (n = 12,366) were interviewed regarding symptoms of ADHD, ASD, and eating problems (EAT-P). Intraclass correlations and structural equation modelling were used for evaluating the influence of genetic and environmental factors. Cross-twin, cross-trait correlations were used to indicate a possible overlap between conditions. RESULTS. The prevalence of eating problems was 0.6% in the study population and was significantly higher in children with ADHD and/or ASD. Among children with eating problems, 40% were screened positive for ADHD and/or ASD. Social interaction problems were strongly associated with EAT-P in girls, and impulsivity and activity problems with EAT-P in boys. The cross-twin, cross-trait correlations suggested low correlations between EAT-P and ADHD or EAT-P and ASD. Genetic effects accounted for 44% of the variation in liability for eating problems. CONCLUSIONS. In the group with eating problems, there was a clear overrepresentation of individuals with ADHD and/or ASD symptoms.

  16. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4-12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices, and body mass index (BMI) in children. Medline (Ovid), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4-12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: seven longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, one randomized control trial. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviors and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal, carefully

  17. Parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices and weight status in 4-12 year-old children: A systematic review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Netalie eShloim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices and body mass index (BMI in children. Medline (Ovid, PsycINFO, Web of Science and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4 to 12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: 7 longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, 1 randomised control trial.. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviours and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal

  18. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4–12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R.; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M.

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices, and body mass index (BMI) in children. Medline (Ovid), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4–12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: seven longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, one randomized control trial. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviors and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal, carefully

  19. Air pollution and asthma in children. The relationship between air pollution and anti-ashma medication despensing to children from 6 until 12 years old in the North of the Netherlands.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weide van der, Lianne

    2005-01-01

    This explorative study aimed to investigate the relationship between anthropogenic air pollution like summer smog, and anti-asthma medication dispensing by pharmacies to children from 6 until 12 years old in a city and a town in the North of the Netherlan

  20. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Goitre among 6-12-year-old Children in a Rural Area of Karnataka in South India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjunath, Bhanu; Suman, G; Hemanth, T; Shivaraj, N S; Murthy, N S

    2016-01-01

    In India, endemic goitre is present in sub-Himalayan region and in pockets in states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Gujarat. Being a public health problem amenable for prevention, the assessment of prevalence of endemic goitre in an area helps in understanding whether the preventive strategies under National Iodine Deficiency Disorder Control Program (NIDDCP) have any impact on the control of endemic goitre. Hence, the current study was carried out to determine the prevalence, distribution and factors associated with iodine deficiency goitre among 6-12-year-old children in a rural area in south Karnataka. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 838 children, using a questionnaire adopted from Iodized Salt Program Assessment Tool and the tools prescribed by WHO for goitre survey. The prevalence of goitre in the study area was 21.9% (95% CI 19.2-24.8). There was higher prevalence of goitre among those having salt iodine 15 ppm (P = 0.01; OR 1.59; 95% CI 1.10-2.29). In 10% of the children, urinary iodine excretion (UIE) was assessed and prevalence was higher among those with goitre. The study area was found to be moderately endemic for goitre based on the WHO criteria. Higher prevalence of goitre was found to be still associated with consumption of low iodized salt (<15 ppm) necessitating emphasis on monitoring of salt iodine levels in the study area. Though NIDDCP is being implemented since five decades in India, the burden of iodine deficiency disorders (IDDs) is still high demanding further impetus to the monitoring systems of the programme.

  1. Effects of a 12-Week Physical Activity Protocol Delivered by YMCA After-School Counselors (Youth Fit for Life) on Fitness and Self-Efficacy Changes in 5-12-Year-Old Boys and Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annesi, James J.; Westcott, Wayne L.; Faigenbaum, Avery D.; Unruh, Jennifer L.

    2005-01-01

    To address reduced physical education (PE) in elementary schools, a 12-week physical activity protocol was tested on 5-12-year-old, primarily African American, girls (n = 226) and boys (n = 344) at 14 YMCA after-school care sites. The 3 times/week, 45-min session curriculum included cardiovascular, resistance, and flexibility training, in which…

  2. Clinical presentation of Churg-Strauss syndrome in children. A 12-year-old-boy with ANCA-negative Churg-Strauss syndrome.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.G.E.M. Razenberg (Femke); J.W.C.M. Heynens (Jan); G. Jan de Vries (Geeuwke); L. Duijts (Liesbeth); J.C. de Jongste (Johan); J. de Blic; P.P.R. Rosias (Philippe)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractChurg-Strauss syndrome is an uncommon multisystem disorder characterized by asthma, eosinophilia and vasculitis. We report on a 12-year-old boy with asthma and deterioration of his general condition, who was eventually diagnosed with an ANCA-negative Churg-Strauss syndrome. The propositu

  3. 兰州市5~12岁学龄儿童屈光状态与屈光参数相关性研究%Correlation between diopters and refractive parameters among 5 to 12 years old school-age children of Lanzhou city

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王万鹏; 周然; 张婧; 任婉娜; 李玉婷; 张文芳

    2013-01-01

    status of refractive state among school-age children of 5 to 12 years in Chengguan district of Lanzhou city, and to analyze the correlation with axial length (AL), horizontal and vertical corneal refractive power ( K1, K2), anterior chamber depth ( ACD) and corneal diameter ( W-W) . METHODS:The value of AL, K1, K2, ACD and W-W of 813 school-age children (1626 eyes) aged 8.46±2.30 years old ( 5 -12 years ) were measured by IOL -Master, refractive error was measured by computer refractor.The eyes were divided into 5 groups according to different mean spherical equivalent ( SE ) diopter: high myopia, moderate myopia, low myopia, emmetropia and hyperopia.The correlation between diopter and different refractive parameters of different ages and different diopter groups were analyzed respectively, the SPSS 19.0 was used for the statistical analysis. RESULTS: There were statistically significant difference (P<0.05) in uncorrected visual acuity and refractive state among the different groups of 5-12 years school-age children, the prevalence of myopia tended to increase with the age.There were statistically significant difference in AL and ACD among the different age groups (P<0.05), AL and ACD increased with the age. There were statistically significant difference in AL among three myopic groups ( P <0.05 ). There were statistically significant difference in ACD between low myopia and moderate myopia, low myopia and high myopia ( P<0.05 ) . There were statistically significant difference in corneal refractive power and corneal diameter between low myopia and high myopia, moderate myopia and high myopia ( P<0.05).SE was negatively correlated with AL (r=-0.764, P<0.01) and ACD (r=-0.498, P<0.01), but had week correlation with corneal refractive power or corneal diameter. CONCLUSION: The increase of AL plays an important role in the changes of refractive among school -age children of 5-12 years, AL is the main morphological variable related to myopia. Meanwhile, refractive changes

  4. 长春市某小学7~12岁儿童牙周致病菌分布状态调查%Distribution of periodontal pathogens in dental plaque samples from 7 to 12-years-old children of Changchun Ziqiang primary school

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪雪岩; 伊田博; 鈴木基之; 吕亚林; 魏秀峰; 井上美津子

    2010-01-01

    目的 应用聚合酶链反应(PCR)法对儿童口腔内牙龈卟啉单胞菌(Porphyromonas gingivalis,Pg)、伴放线放线杆菌(Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans,Aa)分布状态进行检测,探讨检出结果与牙周临床指标之间的关系.方法 选取长春市自强小学151名7至12岁儿童为研究对象,选择右上颌中切牙唇面和右上颌第一磨牙颊面为被检部位,取龈上菌斑、记录探诊出血(bleeding on probing,BOP)、探诊深度(probing depth,PD)、牙龈指数(gingival index,GI),应用PCR法对两菌种进行检测.结果 ①儿童龈上菌斑中Pg、Aa检出率为27.6%、54.3%;②6颊面Pg、Aa的检出率(40.0%、57.9%)均高于1 唇面(15.5%、50.7%),Pg检出率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),且与BOP、PD、GI呈正相关;③Pg检出率随年龄增长呈逐渐增高趋势,Aa检出率在11~12岁组最高,其次为7~8岁组和9~10岁组;④BOP阳性部位Pg、Aa检出率(38.3%、65.4%)均高于BOP阴性部位(23.2%、50.5%),P<0.05.在BOP阳性部位,随PD加深Pg检出率逐渐增高,特别是在PD≥4mm时,Pg检出率明显增高(P<0.05),显示Pg检出率与BOP阳性、PD增加呈正相关.结论 7~12岁儿童龈上菌斑中高频度分布着Pg、Aa;上颌前牙区与磨牙区菌丛构成不同,Pg在磨牙区定植更早;两菌种检出率随年龄增长而增加,且与牙周临床指标密切相关,儿童早期采取牙周病的预防措施是非常必要的.%Objective To detect the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans(Aa) using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the oral plaque samples from children and investigate the relationship between bacteria and clinical parameters. Methods A total of 151 children aged 7 to 12 years were selected from Changchun Ziqiang primary schooL The supragingival plaque sample was collected from the mesiobuccal and labial surfaces of the right maxillary central incisor and the right maxillary first molar. Extracted DNA from plaque

  5. Urban environment adherence to the Mediterranean diet and prevalence of asthma symptoms among 10- to 12-year-old children: The Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Allergies in Children Examined in Athens study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigoropoulou, Dimitra; Priftis, Kostas N; Yannakoulia, Mary; Papadimitriou, Anastasios; Anthracopoulos, Michael B; Yfanti, Konstantina; Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B

    2011-01-01

    Epidemiological studies have revealed several associations between asthma symptoms and environmental and dietary factors, but the potential environment- diet interactions on asthma incidence have rarely been investigated. The aim of this work was to evaluate the interrelationships between urban/rural environment, adherence to a healthy dietary pattern, the Mediterranean diet, and childhood asthma. A cross-sectional survey was performed and 1125 (529 boys), 10- to 12-year-old children were selected from 18 schools located in urban Athens area (n = 700) and from 10 schools located in rural areas of Ilia and Viotia (n = 425), Greece. Children and their parents completed standardized questionnaires, which evaluated, among others, environmental factors and dietary habits. Asthma was defined according to Phase II of the International Study on Allergies and Asthma in Childhood criteria. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed using the Mediterranean and Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents (KIDMED) score. Living in urban areas was associated with higher odds of ever had asthma symptoms by 1.78 times (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.25-2.54) when compared with rural areas. In contrast, 1-unit increase in the KIDMED score was associated with 16% lower likelihood of having asthma symptoms (95% CI, 0.77-0.91), after adjusting for various confounders. When stratifying the analysis by area of living it was observed that adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with lower likelihood of asthma in both urban and rural areas (urban, odds ratio [OR] = 0.81, 95% CI, 0.73-0.91; rural, OR = 0.87, 95% CI, 0.75-1.00). Urban environment seems to increase the likelihood of childhood asthma, whereas adherence to the healthy Mediterranean dietary pattern could mediate the aforementioned association and confers significant protection.

  6. The Development of Co-Speech Gesture and Its Semantic Integration with Speech in 6- to 12-Year-Old Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    So, Wing-Chee; Wong, Miranda Kit-Yi; Lui, Ming; Yip, Virginia

    2015-01-01

    Previous work leaves open the question of whether children with autism spectrum disorders aged 6-12?years have delay in producing gestures compared to their typically developing peers. This study examined gestural production among school-aged children in a naturalistic context and how their gestures are semantically related to the accompanying…

  7. Frequency of participation of 8-12-year-old children with cerebral palsy: a multi-centre cross-sectional European study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Susan I; Flachs, Esben M; Uldall, Peter;

    2009-01-01

    Participation in home, school and community is important for all children; and little is known about the frequency of participation of disabled children. Frequency of participation is a valuable outcome measure for evaluating habilitation programmes for disabled children and for planning social...... and health services. We investigated how frequency of participation varied between children with cerebral palsy and the general population; and examined variation across countries to understand better how the environmental factors such as legislation, public attitudes and regulation in different countries...... how this regional variation might be explained by the different environments in which children live. Attending a special school or class was not associated with further reduction in participation in most areas of everyday life....

  8. [Oral hygiene customs in 6-12 year old schoolchildren].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Martínez, César Tadeo; Medina-Solís, Carlo Eduardo; Robles-Bermeo, Norma Leticia; Mendoza-Rodríguez, Martha; Veras-Hernández, Miriam; De la Rosa-Santillana, Rubén; Escoffié-Ramírez, Mauricio; Márquez-Rodríguez, Sonia

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. To characterize utilization of oral hygiene devices and customs in schoolchildren. MATERIAL AND METHODS. We performed a cross-sectional study in 1,404 schoolchildren (6- 12 year olds) from 14 public schools in Pachuca, Hidalgo, México, using a questionnaire for sociodemographic variables and 1) Tooth brushing frequency (customs were 85.5% tooth brushing, 90.9% toothpaste, 19.4% flossing, and 28.2% mouthwash. Only 11.8% of participants reported utilization in all 4 categories. We observed differences (p < 0.05) across sexes only in the use of toothpaste, as women used it more often. Differences across age were observed (p < 0.05) for tooth brushing (younger children brushed more often) and flossing (older children flossed more often). CONCLUSIONS. Tooth brushing was the oral hygiene practice more often performed in this sample, with other frequencies being relatively low. There were differences by age and sex across some variables.

  9. Associations between family-related factors, breakfast consumption and BMI among 10- to 12-year-old European children: the cross-sectional ENERGY-study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Van Lippevelde

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations of family-related factors with children's breakfast consumption and BMI-z-score and to examine whether children's breakfast consumption mediates associations between family-related factors and children's BMI-z-score. SUBJECTS: Ten- to twelve-year-old children (n = 6374; mean age = 11.6 ± 0.7 years, 53.2% girls, mean BMI-z-score = 0.4 ± 1.2 and one of their parents (n = 6374; mean age = 41.4 ± 5.3 years, 82.7% female, mean BMI = 24.5 ± 4.2 kg/m(2 were recruited from schools in eight European countries (Belgium, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Slovenia, Spain, and Switzerland. The children self-reported their breakfast frequency per week. The body weight and height of the children were objectively measured. The parents responded to items on family factors related to breakfast (automaticity, availability, encouragement, paying attention, permissiveness, negotiating, communicating health beliefs, parental self-efficacy to address children's nagging, praising, and family breakfast frequency. Mediation analyses were performed using multi-level regression analyses (child-school-country. RESULTS: Three of the eleven family-related variables were significantly associated with children's BMI-z-score. The family breakfast frequency was negatively associated with the BMI-z-score; permissiveness concerning skipping breakfast and negotiating about breakfast were positively associated with the BMI-z-score. Children's breakfast consumption was found to be a mediator of the two associations. All family-related variables except for negotiating, praising and communicating health beliefs, were significantly associated with children's breakfast consumption. CONCLUSIONS: Future breakfast promotion and obesity prevention interventions should focus on family-related factors including the physical home environment and parenting practices. Nevertheless, more longitudinal research and intervention studies to support

  10. An Investigation of Dental Caries and the Correlative Factors Analysis in 12 Year-old Children in Kunming%昆明市区12岁儿童龋病调查及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳欣; 朱瑾; 冯娟; 田为毅; 杜琳玲

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current condition of dental caries in 12 year-old children in Kunming and analyze the correlation between oral health behavior and caries, and to provide scientific basis for prevention of caries and oral health education. Methods The oral examination and questionnaire were designed for 12 years-old primary school students of Kunming to analyze prevalence rate of caries and DMFT. The survey data were analyzed by Sperman correlation. Results The prevalence of caries of 600 students was 40% , and DMFT was 0.815. There was significant relationship between caries and good brushing habits, regular inspection and the use of fluoride (P0.05). Eating fresh fruit was beneficial to reduce the incidence of disease, the differences was statically significant (P < 0.05 ). Conclusions The prevalence of caries and DMFT in 12 year-old age group are relatively high. We should strengthen the parents, children's oral health education, adopting a good oral health behavior habits, and setup the good control concept.%目的 了解昆明市区12岁儿童患龋状况,分析龋病与口腔健康行为的相关性,为龋病的预防及针对性的口腔健康教育提供科学依据.方法 对昆明市区12岁年龄组儿童600人进行口腔检查及问卷调查,分析儿童牙齿的患龋率和龋均,将调查数据进行Sperman相关分析,结果 600名受检者中患龋率为40%,龋均0.815.良好的刷牙习惯、定期检查、氟化物的使用有利于减低龋病的发生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),牙线使用与龋病无明显相关性,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).糖果、巧克力、碳酸饮料、加糖果汁等含糖食物与儿童患龋有相关性,3餐间加餐(含糖)危险度明显高于不加餐者,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).喝牛奶与龋病无明显相关性,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).多吃新鲜水果有利于降低龋病的发生,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 12岁年龄组患

  11. Food consumption and nutritional and biochemical status of 0·5-12-year-old Indonesian children: the SEANUTS study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandjaja, Sandjaja; Budiman, Basuki; Harahap, Heryudarini; Ernawati, Fitrah; Soekatri, Moesijanti; Widodo, Yekti; Sumedi, Edith; Rustan, Effendi; Sofia, Gustina; Syarief, Sainstiani N; Khouw, Ilse

    2013-09-01

    Indonesia is currently facing the double burden of malnutrition. While undernutrition is still a major public health problem, the prevalence of overnutrition is increasing. The objective of the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS) was to provide up-to-date data on nutritional status, food consumption and biochemical parameters related to nutrition for children aged 0·5-12 years. The SEANUTS study in Indonesia was conducted in a nationwide representative sample of 7·211 children using multistage cluster sampling based on probability proportional to size, stratified for geographical location, in forty-eight out of 440 districts/cities. The results show that the growth (weight for age, height for age, weight for height and BMI for age) of Indonesian pre-school- and school-aged children is below the WHO standards. The older the children, the more the deviation from the WHO standard curves. Underweight was more prevalent in rural areas (28·9 v. 19·2%) and overweight/obesity was observed to be more widespread in urban areas (5·6 v. 3·2%). The prevalence varied with age groups and sexes. The overall prevalence of stunting was 25·2 and 39·2% in urban and rural areas, respectively. The prevalence of anaemia was nearly 55% in children aged 0·5-1·9 years and ranged from 10·6 to 15·5% in children aged 2-12 years. Fe deficiency was observed in 4·1-8·8% of the children. The percentage of children with dietary intakes of energy, protein, and vitamins A and C below the Indonesian RDA was high and differed across urban and rural areas and age groups.

  12. Do Elite and Amateur Soccer Players Outperform Non-Athletes on Neurocognitive Functioning? A Study Among 8-12 Year Old Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verburgh, Lot; Scherder, Erik J. A.; Van Lange, Paul A. M.; Oosterlaan, Jaap

    2016-01-01

    Aim Research suggested a positive association between physical fitness and neurocognitive functioning in children. Aim of the present study is to investigate possible dose-response relationships between diverse daily physical activities and a broad range of neurocognitive functions in preadolescent children. Furthermore, the relationship between several sedentary behaviours, including TV-watching, gaming and computer time, and neurocognitive functioning will be investigated in this group of children. Methods A total of 168 preadolescent boys, aged 8 to 12 years, were recruited from various locations, including primary schools, an amateur soccer club, and a professional soccer club, to increase variability in the amount of participation in sports. All children performed neurocognitive tasks measuring inhibition, short term memory, working memory, attention and information processing speed. Regression analyses examined the predictive power of a broad range of physical activities, including sports, active transport to school, physical education (PE), outdoor play, and sedentary behaviour such as TV-watching and gaming, for neurocognitive functioning. Results Time spent in sports significantly accounted for the variance in inhibition, short term memory, working memory and lapses of attention, where more time spent in sports was associated with better performance. Outdoor play was also positively associated with working memory. In contrast, time spent on the computer was negatively associated with inhibition. Conclusions Results of the current study suggest a positive relationship between participation in sports and several important neurocognitive functions. Interventions are recommended to increase sports participation and to reduce sedentary behaviour in preadolescent children. PMID:27906965

  13. Prevalence of developmental defects of enamel in mixed and permanent dentition of 9 and 12 year old children of Himachal Pradesh, India: A cross sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak Chauhan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the prevalence and presentation of developmental defects of the enamel (DDE in the mixed and permanent dentition of healthy school children residing in hills. Materials and Methods: A total of 1188 healthy school children were examined using modified DDE criteria for recording enamel defects. Results: The overall prevalence of DDE of any type was (51.3% in both mixed and permanent dentition. Diffuse opacity was (25.3% the most common defect and demarcated opacity was (23.1% and whereas, enamel hypoplasia was the least prevalent defect with prevalence of (2.9%. Conclusion: The study population showed a high prevalence of DDE in primary as well as in the permanent dentition, reflecting the current increasing trend of this condition, which should be considered as a significant public health problem.

  14. The Diagnostic Accuracy of the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-Children's Revision for 9- to 12-Year-Old Learning Disabled Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerry, David C.; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Two groups (learning disabled and normal) of 15 children were administered the Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery-Children's Revision and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised. Considering abnormal or borderline profiles as indicative of learning disability was 93.3 percent accurate in discriminating between groups.…

  15. The KörperkoordinationsTest für Kinder: reference values and suitability for 6-12-year-old children in Flanders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandorpe, B; Vandendriessche, J; Lefevre, J; Pion, J; Vaeyens, R; Matthys, S; Philippaerts, R; Lenoir, M

    2011-06-01

    An adequate coordination level in children is important for their general development, but also for health, psychosocial, academic and well-being-related reasons. In this study, the suitability of the KörperkoordinationsTest für Kinder (KTK) as an assessment instrument for the gross motor coordination was evaluated in 2470 children from 26 elementary schools for general education spread over the Flemish and Brussels-capital region. All children performed four subtests: walking backwards (WB), moving sideways (MS), hopping for height (HH) and jumping sideways (JS). Age and gender-specific values were established for the Flemish children anno 2008. Overall, the current sample scored significantly worse than their 1974 German counterparts (P<0.001). Score distribution showed 21% of the children being placed in the problematic range of gross motor coordination level. A decline in coordination was observed especially in those tasks relying primarily on coordinative capacities (WB and MS), while improvements or status quo in those tasks relying on strength and speed (JS and HH) were explained by secular trends. We suggest that the KTK is a valuable instrument for the assessment of the gross motor coordination of Flemish children and efforts should be made in order to face the decline in coordination.

  16. 北京市2011~2012年12岁儿童口腔健康调查分析%Survey of dental health of 12-year-old children in Beijing from 2011 to 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙鹏; 张辉; 韩永成; 王宇; 朱旻; 陈薇

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解北京市12岁儿童的口腔健康状况的动态变化.方法 以北京市12岁儿童作为检测人群,采用分层、整群随机抽样原则,全市16个区县均参与调查,每个区县根据经济水平高低随机各抽取3所中学,按《第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查方案》中牙列状况检查标准对恒牙患龋情况、牙周健康状况进行检查.结果 2012年12岁组儿童患龋率为20.5%,龋均0.35,较2011年(患龋率24.8%,龋均0.45)明显降低(P<0.01).2012年充填率(45.0%)较2011年充填率(34.3%)明显增高(P<0.01).2011年城区患龋率明显高于郊区(P<0.01),2012年城、郊区无明显差异(P>0.05).结论 2012年12岁儿童患龋率较2011年下降,充填率明显上升.%Objective To investigate the dental health of 12-year-old children in Beijing from 2011 to 2012.Methods A stratified randomly total sampling design was used to obtain the 12 year-old students' dental health data,which were extracted from the middle schools of 16 districts and counties of Beijing area The caries on the crowns of permanent teeth,the status of gingival bleeding and the dental calculus in all permanent teeth were assessed base on The Guideline for the 3rd National Oral Healthy Survey,and the data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0.Results The caries prevalence rate of 12-year-old was 20.5% with mean DMFT of 0.35 in 2012 which was significantly lower than that of 2011 (caries prevalence rate 24.8%,mean DMFF 0.45,P < 0.01).The filled rate was 45.0% and was also significantly higher than that of 2011 (P <0.01).The caries rate of urban area was significantly higher than that of rural area in 2011 (P <0.01),but there was no significant difference in 2012 between urban area and rural area.Conclusion The caries prevalence rate decreased from 2011 to 2012 with an increase in filled rate.

  17. The beneficial effects of game-based exercise using age-appropriate tennis lessons on the executive functions of 6-12-year-old children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishihara, Toru; Sugasawa, Shigemi; Matsuda, Yusuke; Mizuno, Masao

    2017-03-06

    This study evaluated the effects of two different types of tennis lessons-those involving a technique-based approach (TBA) and those involving a game-based approach (PLAY+STAY [P+S])-on the executive functions (EFs) of junior tennis players. Eighty-one tennis players (6-12 years old) were recruited and assigned to one of three groups: TBA, P+S, or watching TV (CONT). Subjects completed evaluations of EFs (inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility) before and after 50min programs. The overall score for EFs improved significantly for both the P+S and TBA groups but not for the CONT group; indeed the CONT group showed no improvement in overall EFs. Furthermore, the overall EF score improved more for P+S participants than for those in TBA. Looking at components of EFs, the pattern for inhibitory control reflected the pattern for the overall EF index: Improvement in the P+S and TBA groups but not in the CONT group. Only the P+S group improved in working memory. Thus, playing tennis and practicing isolated tennis skills both improved EFs of junior players more than did watching TV, and game-based tennis lessons seem to hold more promise for improving EFs than drills of tennis skills.

  18. Validation of the Eating Pattern Inventory for Children in a General Population Sample of 11- to 12-Year-Old Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munkholm, Anja; Bjorner, Jakob B; Petersen, Janne;

    2016-01-01

    Previous research suggests that the Eating Pattern Inventory for Children (EPI-C) is best conceptualized as comprising four factors: dietary restraint, emotional, external eating and parental pressure to eat. This study aims to examine the psychometric properties of the EPI-C and to test gender......, emotional and external eating, while underweight children reported higher parental pressure to eat. The results support the use of EPI-C for measuring eating behaviors in preadolescence........ CFA supported the four-factor solution for the EPI-C. Reliability estimates were satisfactory for three of the four scales. DIF with regard to weight was found for an item on weight loss intention. Girls reported higher restrained and emotional eating; overweight children reported higher restrained...

  19. Prevalence, intensity and extent of Oral Impacts on Daily Performances associated with self-perceived malocclusion in 11-12-year-old children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flores-Mir Carlos

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To determine the prevalence, intensity and extent of the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances associated with self-perceived malocclusion among Peruvian schoolchildren. Methods Eight hundred and five children aged 11 to 12 years attending 4 of 7 randomly selected schools linked to a Health Centre in Lima, Peru, participated in the study. The Spanish (PeruChild-OIDP was used to assess the prevalence, intensity and extent of oral impacts on 8 daily performances (eating, speaking, teeth cleaning, sleeping, smiling, studying, emotion and social contact. Self-perceived malocclusion included complaints about position of teeth, spacing of teeth and deformity of mouth or face. The prevalence of oral impacts was compared by covariables using the Chi-square test, whereas the intensity and extent of oral impacts were compared by covariables through the Mann-Whitney test. Results Only 15.5% of children reported impacts associated with self-perceived malocclusion during the last 3 months. Of them, 18.4% reported impacts of severe or very severe intensity and 76.0% reported impacts on only one daily performance. Psychosocial activities such as smiling, emotion and social contact were the most frequently and severely impacted everyday activities. Conclusion Impacts of self-perceived malocclusion primarily affected psychological and social everyday activities. These findings provide further evidence to support the importance of psychological and social components of oral health on children's lives.

  20. Dental caries and risk behavior factors among 12-year-old children in Dongguan city%东莞市12岁儿童龋病现状及其行为影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢培豪; 赵苏立

    2012-01-01

    目的:研究东莞市城乡12岁儿童恒牙龋病现状及其行为影响因素,分析两者之间的关系,为东莞市儿童口腔卫生保健工作提供科学依据.方法:采用多阶段、分层、整群、随机抽样的方法,抽取东莞市12岁城乡常住人口604人,检查全口恒牙龋病的患病状况并用问卷调查的方式收集全部受检儿童口腔健康行为等相关因素.结果:东莞市12岁儿童患龋率和龋均分别是40.89%和1.47.Logistic回归分析显示:口腔保健知识掌握越多的儿童其患龋率越低,食用水果的频率越高,儿童患龋率也相应增加.结论:东莞市12岁儿童患龋水平较高,口腔卫生行为较差,口腔保健知识掌握情况是致龋最为重要的影响因素,食用水果的频率是危险因素.%AIM; To investigate the relationships between dental caries and behavioral risk factors among 12-year-old children in Dongguan City. METHODS; The survey employed a multistage,stratified,clustered, randomized sampling method. Six hundred and four 12 - year - old children of urban and rural residency in DongGuan were enrolled to investigate the prevalence of dental caries. Oral health behavior and other relevant factors were collected by questionnaire survey. RESULTS: The incidence of caries and mean DMFT in 12-year-old children in DongGuan were 40.89% and 1.47 respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that a negative correlation existed between oral health knowledge and the incidence of caries, and a positive correlation existed between the intake frequency of fruits and the incidence of caries among the children. CONCLUSION; The incidence of caries was high and oral health behaviour was poor among 12-year-old children in DongGuan city. Oral health knowledge was the most important influencing factor of dental caries. Fruit intake was also a risk factor of dental caries.

  1. Comparative evaluation of 0.2% Chlorhexidine Mouthwash, Xylitol Chewing Gum, and Combination of 0.2% Chlorhexidine Mouthwash and Xylitol Chewing Gum on Salivary Streptococcus mutans and Biofilm Levels in 8- to 12-Year-Old Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syed, Meena; Shrivastava, Vandana; Sachdev, Vinod

    2016-01-01

    Aim To assess the effect of combining 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash with xylitol (XYL) chewing gum on Streptococcus mutans and biofilm levels among 8- to 12-year-old children. Materials and methods Sixty children aged 8 to 12 years were selected with moderate and high salivary S. mutans levels. They were divided into three groups of 20 children each: (1) XYL group where the subjects chewed XYL twice daily; (2) CHX where rinsing was done twice daily; and (3) combination of XYL and CHX group (XYL+CHX) where both the agents were used once daily. The S. mutans colony-forming units (CFUs) were counted by using the mitis salivarius agar plate at the beginning of the study and at 15 days, 1, 2, and 6 months from the start of the study. Results The XYL+CHX group showed the maximum reduction in both the biofilm and S. mutans scores throughout the study period. Conclusion The XYL+CHX combination reduced both the biofilm and S. mutans score significantly better than either XYL chewing gums or CHX mouthwash used alone. How to cite this article Syed M, Chopra R, Shrivastava V, Sachdev V. Comparative evaluation of 0.2% Chlorhexidine Mouthwash, Xylitol Chewing Gum, and Combination of 0.2% Chlorhexidine Mouthwash and Xylitol Chewing Gum on Salivary Streptococcus mutans and Biofilm Levels in 8- to 12-Year-Old Children. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(4):313-319. PMID:28127162

  2. COMPETENCE AND BEHAVIORAL-PROBLEMS IN 6-YEAR-OLD TO 12-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN IN FLANDERS (BELGIUM) AND HOLLAND - A CROSS-NATIONAL COMPARISON

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    HELLINCKX, W; GRIETENS, H; VERHULST, F

    1994-01-01

    The Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991) was used to obtain data on 1,120 Flemish and 1,122 Dutch children, ages 6 to 12 years. These data were analyzed in a cross-national comparison. Several small differences between nationalities were found for competence: Dutch children scored significantl

  3. 黔南州6~12岁苗族和布依族儿童代谢综合征危险因素对比%A comparative study on the risk factors of metabolic syndrome between 6~12-year old children of Miao nationality and 6~12-year old children of Bouyei nationality in Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨予; 李溥; 班文芬; 班继超; 黄文强

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨黔南州6~12岁苗族和布依族儿童代谢综合征危险因素的特征.方法:2009年1月~2010年12月收集225例代谢综合征儿童为研究对象,按民族分为苗族组(107例)和布依族组(118例),分别进行问卷调查、体格检查及生化指标检测,并对与代谢综合征相关的因素进行分析.结果:1两民族代谢综合征儿童危险因素比较:布依族组在被动吸烟、体重增加、高血压家族史、高血脂家族史等方面与苗族组比较,差异有统计学意义(P0.05).结论:黔南州布依族和苗族儿童代谢综合征的患病水平存在明显差异,其危险因素为高血压家族史、高血脂家族史、高体重指数、高腰臀比、被动吸烟、膳食口味咸、高碳水化合物饮食、高脂饮食等因素与代谢综合征发病有关.%Objective: To explore the characteristics of risk factors of metabolic syndrome among 6 ~ 12 - year old children of Miao nationality and Bouyei nationality in Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture.Methods: 225 children with metabolic syndrome were collected from January 2009 to December 2010 as study objects, then they were divided into Miao nationality group (107 children) and Bouyei nationality group (118 children) according to different nationalities; questionnaire survey, physical examination and biochemical indicators detection were conducted, and the related factors of metabolic syndrome were analyzed.Results: Comparison of risk factors of metabolic syndrome between Mian nationality group and Bouyei nationality group: there was significant difference in passive smoking, weight gain, family history of hypertension, family history of hyperlipidemia between the two groups (P < 0.01 ).Comparison of dietary structure and other factors between Miao nationality group and Bonyei nationality group: the intakes rates of staple food, pork, fat and lean meat, peanuts, pickles and sweets in Bouyei nationality group were significantly higher than those

  4. The Prevalence of Spine Deformities and Flat Feet among 10-12 Year Old Children Who Train Basketball--Cross-Sectional Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puzovic, Vladimir; Rotim, Kresimir; Jurisic, Vladimir; Samardzic, Miroslav; Zivkovic, Bojana; Savic, Andrija; Rasulic, Lukas

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of spine and feet deformities among children who are regularly involved in basketball trainings, as well as finding differences in the prevalence of those deformities between children of different gender and age. The study included a total of 64 children, of which 43 were boys and 21 were girls, ages 10-12. All subjects have been regularly participating in basketball trainings for at least one year. Postural disorder is defined as an irregularity in posture of the spine and feet, and it is assessed by visual methods from the front, side and rear side of the body. The prevalence of spinal deformities in our group was 53.13%. The boys had a significantly higher prevalence than girls, 65.1% compared to 28.57% (p=0.006). There was no significant difference in prevalence of spine deformities between children of different ages. The prevalence of feet deformities was 64.06%. There was a statistically significant difference between the sexes, where boys had a significantly greater prevalence of the feet deformities than girls, 83.7% compared to 23.81% (p=0.001). Flat feet were the most common in 10 year old children (85.71%). In conclusion, it can be said that despite regular participation in basketball training, subjects in this study have high prevalence of deformities; especially boys who stand out with the high prevalence of flat feet.

  5. The role of environmental smoking in smoking-related cognitions and susceptibility to smoking in never-smoking 9-12 year-old children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuck, K.; Otten, R.; Engels, R.C.M.E.; Kleinjan, M.

    2012-01-01

    Environmental smoking has numerous adverse effects on child health, and children are frequently exposed to environmental smoking. In the present study, we investigated the role of environmental smoking (parental smoking, sibling smoking, peer smoking) in smoking-related cognitions (pros of smoking,

  6. Survey on the Prevalence of Permanent Teeth Caries in Mongolia and Han Children Aged 12 Years Old and the Analysis of the Related Factors%蒙汉两族12岁年龄组恒牙龋患病情况调查及相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅昭然; 李芳凝; 史文宗; 江世萍

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the prevalence of permanent teeth caries in Mongolia and Han children aged 12 years old in two middle schools of Xilinhot in Inner Mongolia in order to provide the relevant information for oral health care in this city. [Methods]According to the Guideline for the 3rd National Oral Health Survey, the stratified random sampling method was applied to draw 1243 subjects aged 12 years old form Mongolia middle schools of Xilinhot in Inner Mongolia. The epidemiological study on oral health status was performed. [Results] The prevalence rate of permanent teeth caries in Mongolia children aged 12 years old was 37.69 % which was significantly lower than that in Han children(54. 81 %)( P <0.05). The mean value of permanent teeth caries in Mongolia children was 0.88 which was significantly lower than that in Han children ( P <0.05). There was significant difference in the caries prevalence rate among different gender of children in 12-year-old group in Mongolia and Han people( P <0.05). The mean value of permanent teeth caries in school girls was significantly higher than that in school boys( P <0.05). The caries prevalence rate and mean value in 12-year-old group in the locality were higher than those in the whole country. [Conclusion] Reinforcement of oral health education, augmentation of oral health knowledge and good food habits have some effect on the pathogenesis of caries.%[目的]了解内蒙古锡林浩特市两所中学蒙汉两族12岁年龄组人群恒牙龋病情况,为本市口腔卫生保健提供相关信息.[方法]按照,采用分层随机抽样的方法,抽取内蒙古锡林浩特市蒙古族中学12岁年龄组1 243人,进行口腔健康状况的流行病学调查.[结果]蒙族12岁年龄组人群恒牙患龋率37.69%显著低于汉族54.81%(P<0.05),蒙族恒牙龋均0.88显著低于汉族1.32(P<0.05);不同性别蒙汉两族12岁年龄组患龋率存在差异(P<0.05),女生龋均显著高于男生(P<0.05);

  7. Dental caries prevalence and risk factors among 12-year-old children in Sichuan%四川省部分12岁儿童恒牙龋病及其相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建忠; 尹伟; 李雪; 钟亦思; 王亚冲; 毛传霞

    2012-01-01

    目的 调查四川省部分12岁儿童患龋情况,监测龋病的发展趋势,为四川省口腔卫生保健规划与决策提供信息与依据.方法 采用多阶段、分层、随机抽样的方法进行调查,在四川省3个城市、3个农村随机抽样选取调查点,共调查768名12岁儿童的患龋情况,通过问卷了解其口腔健康知识态度行为等相关因素.结果 四川省12岁儿童恒牙患龋率达到42.18%、龋均为0.94±1.44,女性高于男性,城市高于农村(P<0.05),恒牙龋充填率为8.10%.每天均有进食(大于等于每天1次)碳酸饮料、甜点心、糖果巧克力的儿童占被调查人群的比例分别为97.01%、88.8%、88.28%,睡觉前有吃甜食的儿童占75.52%;每天刷牙2次及2次以上的占40.0%,城市12岁儿童明显高于农村(P<0.001),含氟牙膏使用率为21.6%,农村12岁儿童高于城市(P<0.001);5个口腔保健知识点中,有4个知识点的知晓率高于75%,但仅有13.80%的儿童认为"含氟牙膏对牙齿有好处".结论 四川省12岁儿童患龋情况严重,治疗率低,缺乏必要的口腔卫生知识,口腔卫生习惯较差.对该部分人群应加大龋病的预防与治疗力度,普及口腔卫生知识,改善卫生习惯,并长期监测观察.%Objective To investigate the oral health status among 12-year-old children in Sichuan province and monitor the tendency of dental caries. Methods A stratified multistage random sampling design was applied and a total of 768 12-year-old children were selected from 3 urban sampling spots and 3 rural sampling spots. All examinees answered an oral health knowledge questionnaire and were examined by experienced dentists. Results The prevalence rate of caries of this group of 12-year-old children in Sichuan Province was 42.18%, its mean DMFT was 0.94±1.44. Urban children showed higher prevalence rate and DMFT than the children in countryside did (P<0.05). Percent of filled teeth was only 8.10%. Percnet of children having daily

  8. Association Between Parent Television-Viewing Practices and Setting Rules to Limit the Television-Viewing Time of Their 8- to 12-Year-Old Children, Minnesota, 2011–2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurvich, Olga V.; Fulkerson, Jayne A.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction Television (TV) viewing is popular among adults and children, and child TV-viewing time is positively associated with parent TV-viewing time. Efforts to limit the TV-viewing time of children typically target parent rule-setting. However, little is known about the association between parent TV-viewing practices and rule-setting. Methods We used baseline height and weight data and survey data collected from 2011 through 2015 on parents and their 8- to 12-year-old children (N = 212 parent/child dyads) who were participants in 2 community-based obesity prevention intervention trials conducted in metropolitan Minnesota. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between parent TV-viewing time on weekdays or weekend days (dichotomized as ≤2 hrs/d vs ≥2.5 hrs/d) and parent rules limiting child TV-viewing time. Results Child mean age was 10 (standard deviation [SD], 1.4) years, mean body mass index (BMI) percentile was 81 (SD, 16.7), approximately half of the sample were boys, and 42% of the sample was nonwhite. Parent mean age was 41 (SD, 7.5) years, and mean BMI was 29 (SD, 7.5); most of the sample was female, and 36% of the sample was nonwhite. Parents who limited their TV-viewing time on weekend days to 2 hours or fewer per day were almost 3 times more likely to report setting rules limiting child TV-viewing time than were parents who watched 2.5 hours or more per day (P = .01). A similar association was not seen for parent weekday TV-viewing time. Conclusion For most adults and children, a meaningful decrease in sedentariness will require reductions in TV-viewing time. Family-based interventions to reduce TV-viewing time that target the TV-viewing practices of both children and parents are needed. PMID:28103183

  9. Epidemiological analysis of sexual precocity of children aged 3~ 12 years old in Jiujiang%九江市城区3~12岁儿童性早熟流行病学调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡华燕; 程灏; 王洪通; 汪龙辉; 黎娟娟; 周晓芬; 鲍远军; 秦珊珊; 孟群; 杨培; 涂林

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To understand the morbidity and causes of child sexual precocity in Jiujiang, and provide a theoretical basis for the prevention of this disease. [Methods] In a total of 3 312 children aged 3~12 years old who were recruited by stratified cluster sampling method from three district primary school and 3 kindergartens were stag evaluation with their breast, testis pubes get respondents menarche and spermatorrhea, diet and sleep habits, hobbies and children 's parents adolescent development through the issuance of a parent questionnaire. {Results] The positive rate of children sexual precocity in Jiujiang city was 0. 68% ,the detection rate of girls (1. 25%) was high than boys (0. 11%),the difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 16. 119,P = 0. 000). The beginning age of breast development was (10. 26 ± 2. 34) years old,in which the age of city girls was (9. 91±1. 85) years and earlier than suburban girls whose age was (11. 29 ± 1. 38) years,the diffeience was statistically significant (P = 0. 000). Developmental age of pubic hair was (11. 67 ± 0. 84) years,in which city girls was (11. 68 ± 0. 85) years and suburban girls was (11. 63±0. 86) years without statistical significance. There were significant difference between precocious puberty group and normal one in edible animal food, nutrition tonic, beverage,lack of physical exercise,unhealthy living habits,parents lack of parental knowledge, and genetic factors. [Conclusions] Those factors with often feed animal food,nutrition tonic and beverage,lack of physical exercise,unhealthy living habits,children parents lack of parental knowledge,and genetic factors are promote action in the pathogenesis of precocious puberty.%[目的] 了解九江市儿童性早熟的发病率及发病原因,为该病预防提供理论依据. [方法]采取分层整群抽样方法,以九江市三个区4所小学和3所幼儿园共3 312名3~12岁儿童为调查对象,进行乳房、阴毛、睾丸等分期评定,

  10. Investigation of trace elements levels in children of 0-12 years old of certain area%某地区0~12岁儿童微量元素水平调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱薇; 葛君琍; 张利强; 高海锋; 李超

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the distribution of trace elements levels and blood lead level in children of 0 -12 years old in certain area to understand the state of trace elements deficiency and supply reasonable basis for rational diet and medication. Methods Whole blood samples were collected from 541 cases of children of 0-12 years old during physical examination, including 276 cases of boys and 265 cases of girls, divided into four age groups, including 132 cases for 0 -1 years old, 139 cases for >1-4 years old, 140 cases for >4 - 8 years old and 130 cases for >8-12 years old group, and each age group was divided into boys and girls groups. Trace elements levels of different age and gender groups were compared. Atomic absorption spectrometry was performed for the detection of calcium(Ca) , magnesium(Mg) , iron(Fe) , Copper(Cu) and Zinc(Zn) levels, tungsten boat flameless atomic absorption spectrometry was utilized for the detection of blood lead (Pb) content. Results The rates of deficiency of Ca, Fe, Cu and Zn were 17. 0% , 25. 7% , 6. 28% and 17. 2% , and 7. 94% were with abnormal elevation of blood lead level. There was no statistical difference between girls and boys(P>0. 05) , but statistical difference could be demonstrated between different age groups (P<0. 05). Conclusion There could be obvious difference of deficiency of trace elements between different age groups in children of this area. Parents should pay more attention for the deficiency and regular detection of trace elements, and supplement of trace elements according to the developmental characteristics of children at different ages.%目的 调查宝鸡地区0~12岁儿童微量元素水平的分布及血铅含量,分析本地区儿童微量元素缺乏状况,为指导合理膳食及用药提供依据.方法 采集541例健康体检的0~12岁儿童全血标本.其中男276例,女265例,将其分为4个年龄组,~1岁组132例,~4岁组139例,~8岁组140例,~12岁组130例,每

  11. 1550例12岁以下儿童全血微量元素结果分析%Analysis on the Results of Blood Trace Elements of 1550 Children under 12 Years Old

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾秀雅; 王前明; 谢连志; 陈海明; 赵元勋; 王新

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To understand the trace elements of children in Xiamen city.Method: The content elements of blood of 1550 children under 12 years old age were determined. The whole blood copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), and magnesium(Mg) were detected with atomic absorption technique.Result: The number displayed that in 1550 children, the most heavy deficiency was Fe (8.64%), the second was Zn (7.93%), and the light deficiency in Ca with infant under 3 years old.Conclusion: Children period is a growth and development faster period, easy to lack of Fe, Zn, Ca and other elements. To advocate the nutrition, comprehensive, reasonable diet for infant, according to the situation of children of different age groups, focus on the reasonable supplement of trace elements.%目的:通过测定厦门市部分12岁以下儿童全血微量元素的含量,对各年龄组铜、锌、钙、镁、铁的检测结果进行分析。方法:采用PE AA 800火焰原子吸收光谱仪检测1550例12岁以下儿童全血中铜、锌、钙、镁、铁5种微量元素的含量。结果:本市12岁以下儿童全血微量元素检测结果显示,以缺铁最为严重,占8.64%,其次,缺锌为7.93%;3岁以下缺钙者较少。结论:儿童为生长发育较快时期,易缺乏铁、锌、钙等元素。对婴幼儿要倡导营养、全面、合理的饮食,要根据情况对不同年龄组的儿童要有侧重地合理补充微量元素。

  12. Program Planning for 6-12 Year-Olds in Day Care Centers: The Record of a Pilot Institute on Planning and Developing Creative Programs for School-Agers' Growth Through Play.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckstein, Esther

    This pamphlet offers guidelines for directors and teachers interested in providing good after-school day care programs for children 6-12 years of age. The typical school-age child served by after-school programs in New York City is described in the introduction, and the importance of creative play is emphasized. Topics include: (1) the role of the…

  13. Prevalence of dental caries, periodontitis, and oral hygiene status among 12-year-old schoolchildren having normal occlusion and malocclusion in Mathura city: A comparative epidemiological study

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    Geetika Arora

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: It was observed from the present study that normal occlusion and malocclusion had no or weak significant effect on overall caries and periodontitis prevalence whereas oral hygiene status had a strong effect on overall periodontitis prevalence but not in relation to prevalence of dental caries in 12-year-old school children in Mathura city.

  14. Prevalence of Periodontal Disease among Children Aged 7 to12 Years Old in Changchun.%长春市138名7~12岁儿童口腔牙周健康状态调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪雪岩; 吕亚林; 铃木基之; 黄洋; 井上美津子

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and distribution of periodontal disease among children aged 7 to12years old ,living in Changchun, China. and to provide the foundation for prevention and treatment strategies of periodontal disease. Methods.. Periodontal examination, the gingival index(Gl) , bleeding on probing (BOP) and probing depth (PD) were recorded. The plaque sample was collected from the right maxillary central incisor (11) and the right maxillary first molar(16). Extracted DNA from plaque samples was used for PCR analysis. Results.. The rate of gingivitis was almost 100% (98.2%). The rate of BOP(+) was 29.5%. 12.7% of the subjects was PD≥ 4mm . In molars,the number of subjects with PD≥4mm was 18.2%, 2.5 times that of incisors(7.3%). The PD trend generally increased with aging. For children, the detection rates for over 3 types of pathogens were 33.3 % in the positive BOP gingival, and 19.6% in negative BOP gingival, which showed statistically discrepancy. Conclusion: In juveniles,the periodontal conditions were deteriorated, the molars were most susceptible to periodontitis,which was severe and early, and the presence of periodontal pathogens was related to periodontal parameters,indicating the necessity of its early prevention.%目的:了解长春市小学7~12岁儿童牙周疾病患病状态及4种牙周致病菌检出情况,为进一步大规模系统的儿童口腔疾病调查提供依据.方法:以上颌第一磨牙颊面为被检部位,记录探诊后出血(bleeding on probing,BOP)联邦、探诊深度(probing depth,PD)后,判断牙龈指数(gingival index,GI),同时取龈上菌斑、应用PCR法检测4种牙周致病菌.结果:长春儿童牙龈炎患病率98.2%,探诊后出血阳性率为29.5%.被检部位PD≥4mm比例为12.7%,磨牙区PD≥4ram比例(18.2 0A)高于切牙区(7.3%)2.5倍.PD值随年龄增长探诊深度加深趋势.同部位检出3种以上牙周致病菌的比例,BOP阳性部位(33.3%)

  15. Medical Care and Your 6- to 12-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... compared with other kids the same age and gender. The doctor will take a medical and family ... Talking to Your Child About Puberty Understanding Puberty Communication and Your 6- to 12-Year-Old Contact ...

  16. 西安市临潼区 6 ~12 岁儿童生长发育及肥胖趋势分析%Growth and obesity trend analysis of children aged 6-12 years old in Lintong District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏蓉; 肖延凤; 李若春; 刘鑫

    2015-01-01

    目的 了解西安市临潼区6~12岁儿童生长发育情况及超重肥胖检出率. 方法 选取2010年及2014年本地区小学生普查体检报告,筛选6~12岁儿童为研究对象,分析两年中6~12岁儿童各年龄段,不同性别儿童的身高、体重的变化以及超重肥胖的发生情况. 结果 2010年城镇的超重及肥胖检出率分别为14.40%和10.65%,农村分别5.18%和2.38%;2014年城镇的超重及肥胖检出率19.78%和17.62%,农村分别14.00%和7.62%;两年数据比较,农村肥胖增速大于城镇. 两年城镇的超重+肥胖检出率均高于农村(χ2 值分别为981.68、670.32,均P<0.001). 同年龄段超重及肥胖检出率两年相比,差异均具有统计学意义(χ2 值为29.66~275.59,均P<0.001). 同一年内比较,城镇各年龄段男童身高、体重均大于农村( t值为4.51~23.39,均P<0.05);2014年男童的身高、体重均大于2010年(t值为2.91~15.80,均P<0.05). 同一年内比较,城镇各年龄段女童身高均大于农村,除2010年12岁外,其他年龄组差异均有统计学意义( t值为2.80~20.86,均P<0.05);同一年内城镇各年龄段女童体重均大于农村,除2010年及2014年12岁外,其他年龄组差异均有统计学意义(均P<0.05). 结论 西安市临潼区6~12岁儿童肥胖检出率明显增加,特点为城镇显著,农村呈追赶趋势;男童高于女童. 呼吁家庭、学校及社会关注儿童肥胖,降低儿童肥胖检出率.%Objective To understand the growth and development of children aged 6-12 years old in Lintong District and the detection rate of overweight and obesity.Methods Medical examination reports of elementary school students aged 6-12 years old in Lintong District in 2010 and 2014 were selected to analyze the height, weight, overweight and obesity of children of different ages and genders.Results The detection rates of overweight and obesity in 2010 were 14.40%and 10.65%in town area and 5.18%and 5.18%in rural area.In 2014 they were 19.78%and 17.62%in

  17. Promoting Oral Health in 6-12 Year-Old Students: A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mohammad Mehdi Hazavehei

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: The group of 6-12 year-old students are the main target of oral health programs due to the high prevalence of dental caries and the formation of permanent teeth during this age and the lifestyle-shaping nature of the period. Schools provide the easiest and most effective means of accessing this group. The present study was conducted to examine the impact of school-based interventions on improved oral health in 6-12 year-old students. Materials and Methods: The present systematic review searched for its English and Persian keywords in databases such as the Scopus, Proquest, Science Direct, Pubmed, Springer, Biomed Central, Google Scholar, IranMedex and SID and examined studies published between January 2004 and September 2014 about educational interventions aiming to prevent oral diseases and promote associated health behaviors in students. Results: The 17 studies selected for examination were divided into two categories: first, assessing an education based on self-care behaviors and preventive services second, assessing an education based on self-care behaviors only. Those interventions that were consistent in nature, involved the parents and the school personnel, used behavior change models, used a combination of several training methods, used practical experiences and provided preventive services were more effective in promoting knowledge and health behaviors and reducing dental caries and plaque in this group of children. Conclusion: Providing consistent community-based education, using a combination of several organized educational programs, following up on the children's progress, using behavior change theories and models and providing prevention services are the most effective measures for achieving the desired goals.

  18. Prevalence and risk factors of hypertension in children aged 7-12 years old of Qinhuangdao city%秦皇岛市7~12岁学龄儿童高血压现状及危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓丽; 陆强; 马春明; 王锐; 娄东辉; 王星; 尹福在

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the prevalence and risk factors of hypertension among school children aged 7- 12 years old in Qinhuangdao city. Methods A total of 1507 children aged from 7 to 12 years old in 5 elementary schools of Qinhuangdao city were investigated with unified questionnaire, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), body height, weight and other parameters by stratified cluster random sampling method. Results The overall caese of high-normal blood pressure and hypertension were 182 (12. 1%). The prevalence rate of hypertension was 6. 1% (6. 7% for boys and 5. 5% for girls). The detection rate of hypertension increased with age (P<0. 01). SBP and DBP of overweight and obese group were significantly higher than in normal body mass index (BMI) , overweight children and obese children was 2. 6% , 5. 0% and 16. 0% respectively. By Logistic regression analysis, age and obesity were independent risk factors in children with hypertension(OR 1. 684, 95% CI 1. 435 - 1. 976; OR 7. 731, 95% CI 4. 647-12. 860, P<0. 01). Conclusion The prevalence of hypertension of children in Qinhuangdao city is 6. 1%. Significant independent risk factors in children with hypertension were age and obesity.%目的 探讨秦皇岛市7~12岁学龄儿童高血压流行现状及其危险因素.方法 通过分层整群随机抽样,抽取秦皇岛市5所小学7~12岁儿童1507人进行问卷调查及身高、体质量、血压等指标测量.结果 共检出正常高值血压和高血压儿童182例(12.1%),高血压检出率6.1%,男童6.7%,女童5.5%.高血压检出率均随年龄增长而增加(P<0.01).超重组和肥胖组收缩压和舒张压水平均明显高于体质量指数(BMI)正常组,正常BMI儿童高血压检出率为2.6%,超重儿童高血压检出率5.0%,肥胖儿童高血压检出率16.0%.Logistic回归分析显示,年龄和肥胖是儿童高血压的独立危险因素(OR 1.684,95% CI 1.435~1.976;OR 7.731,95% CI 4.647~12.860,

  19. Understanding Bullying: Using Role-Play with 12-Year-Old Boys in Cyprus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaloyirou, Chrystalla; Lindsay, Geoff

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the use of role-play in order to investigate bullies' intentions, feelings and perceptions through identification and projection. The study was conducted with nine 12-year-old boys that presented high levels of bullying behaviour, according to their teachers and peers, from three state primary schools in Nicosia, Cyprus, with…

  20. Periodontal health status and its corralation with oral health knowledge among 12-year-old children in Gansu Province%甘肃省12岁儿童牙周健康和相关知识行为分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷涛; 杨兰; 余占海

    2011-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the periodontal health status and its COITalation with oral health knowledge among 12-year-old children in Gansu Province.METHODS: An equal-sized, stratified multi stage random sampling design was applied according to the standards and methods of the Third National Oral Health Epidemiological InvestigaLion.A total of 791 children aged 12-year-old received periodontaJ health examination.Among them, 431 answered a questionnaire relating to their oral health knowledge and behavior.RESULTS : The gingival bleeding and dental calculus rates were 82.8% and 69.7% respectively.First molars showed the highest bLeeding rates.Mandibular central and lateral incisors showed the highest calculus rates.No statistical significance was found hetween the left and right side of the teeth ( P > 0.05 ).Among the chddren who answered the questionnaire , 73.1% of the children brushed their teech daily, but only 1.9% used dental floss.54.5% of the children did not know bacteria was the cause of gingivitis.49.4% believed that toothcleaning can prevent gingival bleeding.52.4% gargled with clear water to alleviate gngival bleeding.CONCLUSION: Gingival bleeding ntte is high and oral hygiene status is poor.The children investigated showed lack of periodontal health knowledge.Oral heaIlh education should be strengthened among school children in the area.%目的:分析甘肃省12岁儿童牙周健康状况及相关知识行为.方法:按照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查标准和方法,采用多阶段分层等容量随机抽样方法,对甘肃省791名12岁儿童进行了牙周健康状况检查并对其中431人进行了相关知识行为问卷调杳.结果:牙龈出血、牙石检出率为82.8%、69.7%,平均检出牙数8.1和4.4个;牙龈出血最高的牙位是第一磨牙,牙石为下颌中切牙和侧切牙,左右同名牙检出率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);每天刷牙率为73.1%,牙线使用率1.9%,54.5%的儿童不知道细菌

  1. Exposición a plomo en niños de 6 a 12 años de edad Lead exposure in children from 6 to 12 years old

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Jiménez-Gutiérrez

    1999-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar los factores de exposición asociados a las concentraciones de plomo en niños de escuelas primarias públicas y privadas de la ciudad de México. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 340 niños que asistían a la escuela primaria. Las escuelas se seleccionaron por conveniencia y los niños en forma aleatoria. Se aplicó un cuestionario y se tomaron muestras de sangre venosa. Los niveles de plomo se determinaron por espectrofotometría de absorción atómica. Se compararon medias mediante la prueba t de Student-Fisher y ANDEVA; y para el análisis multivariado, regresión lineal múltiple. Debido a que los niveles de plomo no seguían una distribución normal, se transformó con logaritmo neperiano, con la que se trabajó en todo el análisis estadístico. Resultados. Las medias geométricas para escuelas privadas y públicas fueron: MG=8.76 µg/dl, IC95%=9.1-10.5; MG=11.5 µg/dl, IC95%=9.4-13.5, respectivamente. Los niveles de plomo son más elevados en los niños que asisten a la escuela pública y que presentan las siguientes características: ser varones, tener entre seis y ocho años de edad y cursar el primer o segundo grado de primaria; las madres de estos niños son profesionistas; en sus hogares se utiliza la cerámica vidriada y cerca de sus domicilios existen diferentes tipos de talleres contaminantes con plomo. Conclusiones. Los factores de exposición que predicen las concentraciones de plomo en sangre son: tener entre seis y ocho años de edad, la ocupación de la madre, la utilización de cerámica vidriada, la cercanía de diferentes tipos de talleres contaminantes con plomo a los domicilios y cursar el segundo año de primaria.Objective. To identify exposure factors contributing to lead poisoning in school children from Mexico City. Material and methods. Cross-sectional study of 340 children. A convenience sample of schools and a random sample of children were selected. A questionnaire

  2. Prevalência e gravidade da cárie dentária e necessidade de tratamento em crianças de 12 anos de município de pequeno porte inserido no contexto amazônico Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among 12-year-old children in a small-sized municipality in the Amazon region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Tobias

    2008-12-01

    primary data on the disease. The design was based on the 2003SB-Brazil epidemiological survey. The sample comprised 344 children in homes and schools in the rural and urban zones of the municipality. The general DMF-T index found was 3.73 (± 0.17, with predominance of the decay component. The percentages of children free of caries in the urban and rural zones were 12.5 and 13.6, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between genders or types of locality. In the rural zone there were around twice as many teeth needing treatment as in the urban zone. Restorative treatment was the major treatment needed in this population (86.2%. The prevalence of caries among the 12-year-old population in Rio Preto da Eva was moderate, and the mean DMF-T was above the target level established for the year 2000 by the FDI/WHO. The data show that there is a need to implement oral health care measures that are capable of intervening in relation to determinants of dental caries in the study population.

  3. Risperidone-induced enuresis in a 12-year-old child

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    Reetika Dikshit

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Risperidone has been documented to be effective in the management of behavior problems, aggression, and conduct disorder in children. While metabolic side effects like weight gain and obesity have been attributed to Risperidone use in children, side effects of the drug related to the urinary bladder are rare. We present a case of Risperidone-induced enuresis in a 12-year-old boy with conduct disorder that resolved completely after stopping the medication.

  4. Risperidone-induced Enuresis in a 12-year-old Child

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dikshit, Reetika; Karia, Sagar; De Sousa, Avinash

    2017-01-01

    Risperidone has been documented to be effective in the management of behavior problems, aggression, and conduct disorder in children. While metabolic side effects like weight gain and obesity have been attributed to Risperidone use in children, side effects of the drug related to the urinary bladder are rare. We present a case of Risperidone-induced enuresis in a 12-year-old boy with conduct disorder that resolved completely after stopping the medication. PMID:28149096

  5. Dental fluorosis and urinary fluoride in 10-12 years old adolescents of Bushehr port

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    Giti Javan

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Fluoride increases tooth resistance to dental caries, but mild toxicity due to excessive ingestion of fluoride can cause dental fluorosis. Drinking water naturally contains fluoride and is a major source of fluoride. In Bushehr port, drinking water is supplied from limestone springs with normal fluoride levels but dental fluorosis is observed. Methods: A total of 95 native school children (between the ages of 10-12 years old were randomly selected from four Bushehr port regions. Dental fluorosis, height and weight were examined. Probable attributing factors of dental fluorosis were also questioned. A 16 to 18 hours urinary fluoride concentration was measured with a fluoride ion selective electrode. Results: Dental fluorosis in four upper incisors was apparent in 52.6 % of the subjects. The urinary fluoride concentration was 2.18 mg/lit. Fluoride concentration in drinking water of schools ranged from 0.41 to 0.58 mg/lit. Forty percent of subjects were caries free. Conclusion: In spite of the normal range of fluoride concentration in the drinking water of Bushehr, dental fluorosis and urinary fluoride concentration are higher than the recommended ranges. Therefore, it is necessary to further investigate the amount and effects of fluoride ingestion in residents of Bushehr province.

  6. Reprodutibilidade da posição natural da cabeça em fotografias de perfil de crianças de 8 a 12 anos, com e sem o auxílio de um cefalostato Reproducibility of natural head position in profile photographs in children aged 8 to 12 years old, with and without an auxiliary cephalostat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Likes Pereira

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: este estudo avaliou a reprodutibilidade da posição natural da cabeça (PNC em crianças. MÉTODOS: foram fotografados 25 pacientes da Clínica Infantil do Curso de Graduação em Odontologia da Universidade Estadual de Maringá com idades entre 8 e 12 anos, sendo 12 do gênero feminino e 13 do masculino. As tomadas fotográficas registraram a PNC com uma câmera digital e foram realizadas com e sem o uso de um cefalostato. Uma linha vertical (LV foi usada como referência para as mensurações. Após um intervalo de 15 dias, as fotografias foram repetidas, respeitando-se o mesmo protocolo utilizado na primeira série de tomadas fotográficas. A reprodutibilidade da PNC entre os dois momentos das tomadas fotográficas foi avaliada utilizando-se a medida angular entre a linha vertical de referência e uma linha do perfil, passando pelo pogônio tegumentar e pelo ponto labial superior. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÃO: embora algumas variações de posição tenham sugerido que os pacientes dessa idade devam receber orientações adicionais quanto à PNC, não foram observadas diferenças significativas quanto à reprodutibilidade das fotografias tomadas no intervalo de 15 dias, com ou sem a utilização do cefalostato auxiliar. Dessa forma, a PNC mostrou-se como um método de boa reprodutibilidade em crianças.AIM: This study assessed the reproducibility of natural head position (NHP in children. METHODS: 25 children, 12 female and 13 male, aged from 8 to 12 years old, patients of Dentistry School of the State University of Maringá were photographed. Photographs were taken in NHP, using a digital camera, with and without cephalostat. A vertical line (VL was used as reference for measurements. The photographs were repeated after a 15-day interval respecting the same protocol. Reproducibility of NHP between both moments of photographs was evaluated using an angular measurement between the reference vertical line and a profile line, from soft

  7. Liver abscess due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in a healthy 12-year-old boy

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    Da Hye Yoon

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA is rare in healthy children. We report a case of PLA in an immunocompetent 12-year-old boy. Percutaneous catheter drainage was performed for the abscess. In addition, parenteral antibiotics were administered for 3 weeks. Klebsiella pneumoniae was detected in the culture of blood and drained fluid. Here, we present this case and a brief review of the literature on this subject.

  8. Perinatal and parental determinants of childhood overweight in 6-12 years old children Determinantes perinatales y paternos asociados al riesgo de sobrepeso en niños de 6 a 12 años

    OpenAIRE

    S. Santiago; Zazpe, I.; M. Cuervo; Martínez, J.A. (José Alfredo)

    2012-01-01

    Introduction & aims: The identification of determinants of childhood overweight is crucial to early diagnosis and prevention. The aim of this study was to assess perinatal and parental related risk factors concerning children for having excessive body weight. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 3,101 children participating in the programme "Alimenta su salud" conducted in Castilla-La Mancha (Spain). Anthropometric and sociodemographic data were obtained from a general questionnaire. Anal...

  9. A Group-Administered social Skills Training for 8- to 12- Year-Old, high-Functioning Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders : An Evaluation of its Effectiveness in a Naturalistic Outpatient Treatment Setting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Deckers, Anne; Muris, Peter; Roelofs, Jeffrey; Arntz, Arnoud

    2016-01-01

    A social skills training (SST) for high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) was evaluated in an outpatient setting using a combined between- and within-subject design in which SST and a waiting list condition were compared. According to parents and teachers, the SST produced gr

  10. Evolución de la prevalencia de caries y gingivitis en niños de 6 y 12 años de Peralillo, VI Región,entre el año 2000 y el 2010 Caries and gingivitis changes among 6 and 12 year-old children of Peralillo, Chile, between 2000 and 2010

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    C Cárdenas Espinoza

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Dada la limitada información epidemiológica en Chile sobre las patologías orales más prevalentes y el efecto de los programas de salud instaurados, el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los cambios en la prevalencia de caries y gingivitis en una población de 6 y 12 años de la VI Región, entre los años 2000 y 2010. Sujetos y Métodos: 143 sujetos de 6 y 12 años atendidos en el CESFAM de Peralillo fueron examinados clínicamente para detectar caries y diagnosticar gingivitis. Las fichas clínicas de 134 niños de las mismas edades y procedencia atendidos el año 2000 fueron analizadas para comparar los indicadores. Se obtuvo el índice de caries mediante el COPD y el ceod, además del diagnóstico gingival mediante parámetros clínicos. Los resultados de ambos años fueron comparados estadísticamente y las diferencias consideradas significativas si pAim: Given the limited epidemiological information in Chile on the most common oral diseases and the effectiveness of the existent programs, the aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in caries and gingivitis prevalence in a 6 and 12 year-old children from the VI Region, between the years 2000 and 2010. Subjects and Methods: 143 6 and 12 year-old children treated at the CESFAM of Peralillo were clinically examined to detect and diagnose caries and gingivitis. Clinical records of 134 same ages children treated at the same service in the year 2000 were analyzed to compare the indexes. Caries index was obtained by DMFT and dmft and gingivitis was assessed by clinical parameters. Results obtained both years were compared and considered significant if p<0.05. Results: Caries prevalence decreased in the group of 6 year-olds from 89% to 65%, but only DMFT showed a significant reduction from 0.93 to 0.086. In the 12 year-old children, neither caries prevalence nor DMFT showed significant changes within the 10-year period. Conclusions: In spite of a slight decrease, caries

  11. Oral hygiene, periodontal status and treatment needs among 12-year-old students, Castro, Chile, 2014.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Wauters

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to determine the level of oral hygiene, periodontal status and treatment needs, indicating if there are differences between men and women, in 12-year-old students from Castro, Los Lagos region, during March and April of 2014. A cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 242 12-year-old students from municipal and subsidized private schools in Castro were selected through a stratified random sample representative of each school. Students were evaluated by a calibrated examiner to determine the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S and the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN. Data were transferred to a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet and statistically analyzed to calculate the amount and percentage of the variables. Mann-Whitney U-test was used for comparison between genders. From the total, 59.5% of the students have regular hygiene. Also, 86.4% of the assessed adolescents have gingivitis and 13.6% of them have periodontitis. The periodontal treatment need indicates that 58% of the students require oral hygiene instructions and scaling. No statistically significant differences were found for gender. There is a higher prevalence of periodontal diseases associated with regular oral hygiene than the regional and national reference in 12-year-old adolescents in Castro. Then, it is necessary to teach and promote specific public health strategies based on epidemiological data

  12. Estudo epidemiológico de disfonias em crianças de 4 a 12 anos Epidemiological study of dysphonia in 4-12 year-old children

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    Elaine Lara Mendes Tavares

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudos sobre disfonias infantis apontam incidência entre 4,4 a 30,3% das crianças. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência de disfonia em crianças, baseando-se nos julgamentos dos pais, nas ava-liações vocais perceptivas e acústicas, analisar sintomas associados, fatores de risco e achados vide-olaringoscópicos. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Os pais de 2.000 crianças responderam questionário sobre qualidade vocal do filho. As crianças foram submetidas às avaliações vocais perceptiva, acústicas e videolaringoscopias. RESULTADOS: Participaram 1.007 meninos e 993 meninas. Sintomas esporádicos foram reportados por 206 pais e permanentes, por 123. Na avaliação perceptiva, o parâmetro G (Grau de disfonia recebeu escore 0 em 694 vozes, 1 em 1065 e 2 em 228. Houve diminuição de f0 com a idade e os demais parâmetros acústicos mostraram-se mais elevados nas crianças com escore de G em 2. Nas videolaringoscopias, destacaram-se nódulos, espessamentos e inflamação. CONCLUSÕES: O julgamento dos pais indicou prevalência de disfonia em 6,15%, e as análises perceptivas em 11,4%. Os sintomas vocais relacionaram-se à sobrecarga fonatória. Quadros nasossinusais, abuso vocal e ruído foram importantes fatores de risco. As análises acústicas mantiveram relação direta com as perceptivo-auditivas. Lesões laríngeas foram detectadas nas videolaringoscopias, destacando nódulos, espessamentos e inflamação.Children dysphonia studies have reported an incidence of 4.4 to 30.3%. GOALS: To establish the prevalence of dysphonia in children, based on the opinion of the parents, acoustic and vocal-perceptual assessments, associated symptoms, risk factors and videolaryngoscopy findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The parents from 2,000 children answered a questionnaire about the vocal quality of their children, and these children were submitted to perceptual vocal, acoustic and videolaryngoscopy assessments. RESULTS: We had 1,007 boys and 993 girls

  13. Memória de trabalho viso-espacial em crianças de 7 a 12 anos Visuo-spatial working memory in 7-12 year old children

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    Ederaldo José Lopes

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os mecanismos de processamento da informação viso-espacial em crianças. Setenta e oito crianças participaram do experimento em que foram manipulados os fatores idade, posição espacial, similaridade visual e cor dos estímulos memorizados. Os resultados mostraram que todos os fatores principais alcançaram significância estatística. As crianças mais velhas tiveram uma freqüência de acertos maior que as crianças mais novas. Os estímulos dos conjuntos com similaridade baixa foram mais bem recordados que os estímulos com similaridade alta. A taxa de recordação foi melhor nas provas em que as letras de um conjunto foram todas apresentadas com a mesma cor, assim como a porcentagem de respostas corretas variou de forma significativa em função da posição espacial dos estímulos. Os resultados foram interpretados de acordo com modelos que enfatizam aspectos do desenvolvimento de estratégias cognitivas ao longo do desenvolvimento humano, especialmente o modelo de memória de trabalho.This study aimed to evaluate the mechanisms of visual-spatial memory in children. Seventy eight children took part in an experiment with four factors: children's age, stimuli spatial position, stimuli visual similarity, stimuli set color. The results have shown that all main factors are statistically meaningful. The oldest children presented a better performance than the youngest ones. Stimuli set formed by low similarity letters were better recollected than the stimuli set formed by high similarity letters. The recall of the spatial position of letters was better in trials where the letters of a set were presented in the same color. The percentage of correct recall changed meaningfully as a function of the spatial position in which the target had been presented. The results were interpreted according to models that emphasize aspects of development of cognitive strategies along with the human development, especially

  14. Neurogenic muscle hypertrophy in a 12-year-old girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zutelija Fattorini, Matija; Gagro, Alenka; Dapic, Tomislav; Krakar, Goran; Marjanovic, Josip

    2017-01-01

    Muscular hypertrophy secondary to denervation is very rare, but well-documented phenomena in adults. This is the first report of a child with neurogenic unilateral hypertrophy due to S1 radiculopathy. A 12-year-old girl presented with left calf hypertrophy and negative history of low back pain or trauma. The serum creatinine kinase level and inflammatory markers were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging showed muscle hypertrophy of the left gastrocnemius and revealed a protruded lumbar disc at the L5-S1 level. The protruded disc abuts the S1 root on the left side. Electromyography showed mild left S1 radiculopathy. Passive stretching and work load might clarify the origin of neurogenic hypertrophy but there is still a need for further evidence. Clinical, laboratory, magnetic resonance imaging and electromyography findings showed that S1 radiculopathy could be a cause of unilateral calf swelling in youth even in the absence of a history of back or leg pain.

  15. Perinatal and parental determinants of childhood overweight in 6-12 years old children Determinantes perinatales y paternos asociados al riesgo de sobrepeso en niños de 6 a 12 años

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    S. Santiago

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & aims: The identification of determinants of childhood overweight is crucial to early diagnosis and prevention. The aim of this study was to assess perinatal and parental related risk factors concerning children for having excessive body weight. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 3,101 children participating in the programme "Alimenta su salud" conducted in Castilla-La Mancha (Spain. Anthropometric and sociodemographic data were obtained from a general questionnaire. Analysed factors as potential predictors of childhood overweight were sex, age, birth weight, infant feeding, number of siblings, as well as parental marital status, educational level and obesity. Prevalence of overweight stratified by potential determinants was assessed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the associations between variables and the likelihood of being overweight. Results: The overweight prevalence (including obesity was 30.3% in boys and 28.3% in girls, according to the IOTF criteria. Higher rates in younger subjects and some gender differences were observed. Parental obesity was the most important predictive variable for childhood overweight in both sexes and birth weight over 3,500 g in girls (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.3-2.3. Having one or more siblings (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-0.9 and higher paternal education (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.6-0.9 in boys, and older age in girls (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.5-.09, resulted protective factors against childhood overweight. No independent effects of marital status, maternal education and infant feeding patterns on childhood excess weight were identified. Conclusions: Perinatal and parental factors could contribute to predict the risk of being overweight/obese in children aged 6 to 12 years, which should be considered when formulating obesity prevention and intervention strategies, stressing the importance of targeting obese parents with young children.Objetivos: Identificar los determinantes

  16. An oral health survey among 12-year-old children in Chaoyang district of Beijing in 2010%2010年北京市朝阳区12岁儿童口腔健康状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵进; 郭向晖; 上官索奕; 柳静; 张淑华; 胡洁

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the dental health status of 12-year-old children in Chaoyang district Methods An equal-sized stratified randomly design was applied to obtain a representative sample group, including 360 12-year-old subjects with equal number of boys and girls resided in Chaoyang district. The caries in the crowns of permanent teeth and the status of gingival bleeding were assessed. The collected data were statistically analyzed. Results The rate of caries was 28. 61% ,with mean DMFT being 0.48. The caries prevalence rate of girls was significantly higher than that of boys ( P < 0. 01 ) . The rate of pit and fissure sealant of the first permanent molars was 45. 56%. The gingival bleeding and dental calculus detection rate were 11. 94% and 15. 56% respectively. Conclusion DMFT of 12 -year-old children in Chaoyang district remained at a low level The rate of caries of the first permanent mandibular molars was decreased significantly.%目的 了解北京市朝阳区12岁年龄组恒牙龋病及牙周健康状况,为朝阳区口腔卫生保健工作提供信息和依据.方法 采用分层等容随机抽样的方法,抽取朝阳区12岁常住人口360人,男女各半,检查恒牙牙冠龋和牙周情况.结果 12岁组恒牙患龋率为28.61%,女生患龋率高于男生,差异有统计学意义.龋齿充填率为46.20%,龋均为0.48;第一恒磨牙窝沟封闭率为45.56%;牙龈出血检出率11.94%,牙石检出率15.56%.结论 朝阳区12岁年龄组患龋处于较低的流行水平,第一恒磨牙窝沟封闭率较第三次全国流调全国水平明显上升,下颌第一恒磨牙患龋率显著下降.

  17. 8~12岁无鼾儿童上气道发育的X线头影测量研究%Cephalometric study of upper airway development in non-snoring children of 8~12 years old

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘杉杉; 邓金荣; 弓煦; 周彦恒; 高雪梅

    2014-01-01

    目的 本研究对处于生长发育高峰期的无鼾少年儿童进行观察测量,旨在探讨年龄、颅颌面结构及周围软组织发育对上气道的影响.方法 本研究样本为混合纵向资料.包括73组志愿者资料(男36例,女37例),按年龄分为五组:8岁组、9岁组、10岁组、11岁组及12岁组.志愿者均进行整夜多导睡眠监测以排除睡眠障碍儿童,并进行头颅侧位片拍摄及测量,结果进行方差分析.结果 上气道鼻咽部PNS-R(P=0.003)、UPW(P=0.001)均在8~11岁随年龄增长而增长,而在11~12岁出现下降趋势;腺样体在8~9岁间出现明显减小趋势,而在10岁后表现出增大趋势;腭咽部SPP-SPPW(P=o.01)在8~9岁间出现明显增长;UMPW及舌咽部PAS随年龄无显著性变化;SPT(P=0.05)、TGL(P=0.00)、TGH(P=0.00)及GoMe(P=0.00)均在10岁后表现为明显增长;V-LPW、H-CVP(P=0.00)在10岁后显著性增长.在颌骨垂直方向上N-ANS、N-Me、Co-Go随年龄增长而出现显著增大(P=0.00).结论 上气道鼻咽部生长主要受腺样体影响;舌体及软腭的生长可能会限制腭咽及舌咽部气道的生长;舌骨随年龄变化相对于脊椎向前移动可能是喉咽部气道增长的主要原因之一.%Objeetive The aim of the present study was to describe the effects of age,dentofacial development and its surrounding tissue on the upper airway in a sample of non-snoring children at their peak growth.Methods Mixed longitudinal data was used in this study.The sample included 73 subjects (36 males,37 females).Sleep disorders were excluded by polysomnographic (PSG)monitoring during their nocturnal sleep.All children were divided into 5 groups by age:8-,9-,10-11-and 12-years.The cephalograms were performed on all subjects.Cephalometric measurements of craniofacial pattern and upper airway morphology were compared among the five groups by ANOVA.Results In the nasopharynx level,PNS-R(P=0.003),UPW(P=0.001) increased with age from 8 to 11 years old and

  18. Traumatic anterior hip dislocation in a 12-year-old child

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Vinay Gupta; Maneet Kaur; Zile Singh Kundu; Aseem Kaplia; Deepinderjit Singh

    2013-01-01

    Hip dislocation in children can occur congenitally in isolation or in conjunction with other congenital abnormalities.Traumatic hip dislocations in children are relatively uncommon and anterior dislocation of hip joint is even rarer.We report such a case following unusual mode of injury in a 12-year-old child.The patient underwent successful emergent closed reduction of left hip.The clinical course and follow-up assessment of the patient was otherwise uneventful.At 2 years' follow-up there was no evidence of osteoarthritis,coxa magna,heterotrophic calcification,in congruency of the joints or avascular necrosis of the head of femur.

  19. Giant Cell Arteritis in a 12-Year-Old Girl Presenting with Nephrotic Syndrome

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    Zeinab A. El-Sayed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Giant cell arteritis (GCA is rare in children. The kidneys are generally spared. We present a case of GCA in a 12-year-old girl with severe headache and tender scalp especially over the right temporal area. The right superficial temporal artery was cord like and nodular and the pulsations were barely felt. Several small tender nodular swellings were felt in the occipital area. She had been previously diagnosed as a case of nephrotic syndrome due to underlying membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis. This report is aimed at drawing attention to this rare form of vasculitis in children aiming at decreasing its morbidities.

  20. Children's Effortful Control and Academic Competence: Mediation through School Liking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valiente, Carlos; Lemery-Chalfant, Kathryn; Castro, Kimberly S.

    2007-01-01

    We examined the relations among children's effortful control, school liking, and academic competence with a sample of 240 7- to 12-year-old children. Parents and children reported on effortful control, and teachers and children assessed school liking. Children, parents, and teachers reported on children's academic competence. Significant positive…

  1. Primary renal undifferentiated sarcoma as an infiltrative mass in a 12 year old boy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Yong Hee; Kim, Myung Joon; Lee, Mi Jung [Dept. of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Children' s Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Se Hwa [Dept. of Pathology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-09-15

    Undifferentiated sarcomas are rare tumors not classified into any sarcoma subtype. Due to their rarity, imaging findings of undifferentiated sarcomas are poorly characterized. The purpose of this report was to present imaging findings of a pathologically confirmed undifferentiated sarcoma originated from the left kidney of a 12-year-old boy. The mass was infiltrative involving the renal pelvis. It mimicked massive hilar lymphadenopathy with a preserved renal contour visible by both ultrasonography and CT. Renal vein thrombosis was also observed. Although undifferentiated sarcomas are rare, they should be considered in differential diagnosis of infiltrative renal masses with renal pelvis invasion in children.

  2. Evaluation oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students

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    Masoomeh Shirzai

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Periodontal disease and dental caries are one of the most important factors of tooth loss and the most common oral health problem, therefore the present study was performed to assess oral hygiene index in the 12-years-old students in Zahedan city.Material and Method: In this descriptive-analytical study, Zahedan city (2009 was divided based on socio-economical situation in to two areas and 10 school (boys & girls school from each area, and 47 students from each school, were selected randomly. Oral hygiene status of 942 12-years-old male and female students was assessed with OHI-S index. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version-15 (t-test and chi-square. Results: The mean OHI-S was 1.43±0.72 and 44.7% persons had well OHI-S, 50.3% had medium OHI-S and 5% had poor OHI-S. The mean OHI-S was 1.42 in boys and 1.44 in girls. Correlation between OHI-S with father occupation (p=0.03 and sequences of tooth brushing (p=0.001 was significant. Conclusion: Oral hygiene status of studied students was in the middle and people who brushes their teeth more time, had higher OHI-S indices

  3. Study of correlative factors on dental caries of first permanent molar for 12 year-old children in Nangjing%南京市12岁儿童第一恒磨牙龋病影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑜; 龚玲; 计艳; 沈荃

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨南京市12岁儿童第一恒磨牙患龋情况及其影响因素.方法:采用随机抽样的方法抽取南京市12岁儿童660名,进行口腔健康检查和口腔问卷调查.数据采用SPSS13.0统计软件处理,分析12岁儿童第一恒磨牙患龋率与影响因素的关系.结果:南京市12岁儿童第一恒磨牙患龋率31.1%,男生患龋率29.6%,女生患龋率32.2%.Logistic回归分析显示,饮用碳酸饮料和第一恒磨牙是否做过窝沟封闭这两个因素与12岁儿童第一恒磨牙患龋有显著关联(OR>1).结论:碳酸饮料是龋病的危险因素,做窝沟封闭可以降低患龋的危险性.%Objective: To analyze theprevalence and risk factors of denial cartes of first permanent malar for 12 year-old children in Nanjing. Method: 660 12 year-old children in Nanjing were recruited by the method of randomized sampling. All the subjects were given an oral health check and complete a questionnaire. The data were analyzed with SPSS 13. 0 software package. Result: The prevalence of caries of the first permanent molar was 31.1 %,the prevalence in boys was 29.6 % and in girls was 32.2 %.The frequency of sugar drink consumption and pit and fissure sealant (Y / N) were significantly related with canes (OR>1). Conclusion:Sugar drink consumption was a risk factor while pit and fissure sealant was a protective factor.

  4. Overweight, obesity and risk factors in children aged 7-12 years old in rural areas of Shandong Province%山东省3县农村地区儿童超重肥胖的影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林少倩; 何丕山; 李军; 刘大聪; 高莉洁; 贾兴兵; 李慧; 刘冬梅; 王志萍

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解山东省3县农村地区儿童超重和肥胖现况及其影响因素.方法 于2009年9月至2010年1月随机选取山东省3县17个行政村的7~12岁儿童进行横断面研究;采用,检验和非条件Logistic回归模型对儿童超重肥胖的影响因素进行单因素和多因素分析.结果 7 ~12岁儿童超重和肥胖率分别为11.41%和5.86%,男童和女童之间超重率和肥胖率差异均无统计学意义(P<0.05).儿童每天看电视时间(OR=3.062,95%CI:1.708~4.932)、每天睡眠时间(OR=2.693,95%CI:1.136~5.641)、油炸食品的食用频率(OR=2.024,95%CI:1.001~3.570)、膨化食品的食用频率(OR=2.304,95%CI:1.208~5.416)是儿童超重肥胖的主要影响因素,儿童出生体质量(OR=1.615,95%CI:1.013~2.742)以及父亲或母亲是否肥胖(OR=1.846,95%CI:1.109~3.520)也与农村儿童超重肥胖相关联.结论山东省3县农村地区儿童超重肥胖的比例相对较高,控制农村儿童超重肥胖应重点关注儿童日常生活和饮食习惯.%Objective To investigate the risk factors and the prevalence of overweight and obesity for children aged 7-12 years old in rural areas of 3 counties in Shandong Province. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged 7-12 years old from 17 randomly selected villages of 3 counties in Shandong Province from September 2009 to January 2010. Chi-square test and logistic regression methods were used to analyze the risk factors on overweight and obesity in children. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children aged 7-12 years old in rural areas of Shandong Province were 11.41% and 5. 86% respectively and there was no significant difference in the prevalence of overweight or obesity between boys and girls. Multiple analyses showed that the factors influencing the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children were the time of watching TV( OR = 3.062, 95% CI; 1.708-4. 932), the sleeping time ( OR = 2. 693

  5. Prevalencia de maloclusión en relación con hábitos de succión no nutritivos en niños de 3 a 9 años en Ferrol Prevalence of malocclusion in order to non nutritive sucking habits in children between 3 and 12 years-old in Ferrol

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    A. Pipa Vallejo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo entre octubre del 2008 y abril del 2009. Se seleccionaron 368 niños de 3 a 9 años del área sanitaria de Ferrol, con el objetivo de identificar la prevalencia de maloclusión en relación con los hábitos de succión no nutritivos (HSNN, (digital, chupete, biberón y respiración oral. También se realiza una comparación con el resto de estudios sobre el mismo tema, para poder saber cómo estamos actuando, desde el punto de vista preventivo, en la información sobre las consecuencias nocivas de los hábitos de succión no nutritivos en el desarrollo de una buena oclusión dental.A descriptive observational study was carried out between October 2008 and April 2009. 368 children between 3 and 12 years-old were selected in Ferrol Health Board in order to identify the prevalence of the malocclusion related to the following non nutritive oral habits: thumb sucking, dummy and mouth breathing. In addition, a comparison with other studies about the same theme is carried out in order to establish how we are acting, from the preventative point of view, on the information about the harmful consequences of the non nutritive habits in the development of a good dental occlusion.

  6. Oral Health Status Among 6- and 12-year-old Jordanian Schoolchildren

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rajab, Lamis Darwish; Petersen, Poul Erik; Baqain, Zaid

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: No nationwide oral health survey has previously been carried out in Jordan. The aims of the study were to assess the burden of dental caries and gingival health among children aged 6 and 12 years in relation to sociodemographic factors and to ascertain the trend over time in the occurrence...... caries and gingival health status. WHO methodology and criteria were applied. Structured questionnaires were used to collect information about oral hygiene, dental visits, consumption of sugars and parents' level of education. Results: The caries prevalence rates were 76.4% in 6-year-olds and 45.5% in 12......, the mean caries experience and the amount of untreated dental caries increased over time. Moreover, 17.7% of 6-year-old children and 49.1% of the 12-year-olds had gingival bleeding. Significant differences in gingival health were found by sex, location, geographical areas and socioeconomic group...

  7. Primary omental torsion in a 12-year-old boy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹文刚; 张金哲

    2001-01-01

    @@Primany omental torsion (POT), known since 1899, is a disease that usually occurs in the fourth and fifth decades of life. Men are affected twice as frequently as women, with the majority being overweight.1 It is a rare acute abdomen among children, which should call for the special awareness of pediatric surgeons.

  8. Annular lichenoid dermatitis of youth--a further case in a 12-year-old girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleikamp, Stefanie; Kutzner, Heinz; Frosch, Peter J

    2008-08-01

    Annular lichenoid dermatitis of youth was first described by Annessi et al. in 2003. Clinical criteria are persistent erythematous macules and annular lesions with a red-brown edge and a central hypopigmentation usually found on the flanks and groins of children and adolescents. Histologically, the disease is characterized by a lichenoid interface dermatitis with necrotic keratinocytes at the tip of the rete ridges. In our case a 12-year old girl developed annular red-brown macules with papules at the borders in an inframammary location. The histology of the lesion's border showed a lichenoid lymphocytic infiltrate with apoptotic keratinocytes at the tip of rete ridges. The lesions cleared with 0.03% tacrolimus ointment. Annular lichenoid dermatitis of youth is probably a new entity in the group of lichenoid dermatoses.

  9. Dental caries prevalence and risk factors among 12-year old schoolchildren from Baghdad, Iraq

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed, Nibras A M; Astrøm, Anne N; Skaug, Nils

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To examine the prevalence of dental caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren from Baghdad after the end of the United Nations' economic sanctions and to investigate related dental caries risk factors including gender, socio-demographic factors, oral hygiene and sugar intake. DESIGN: A cross...... mothers with low education, living in a low socio-economic area and brushing at least once-a-day. Positive oral hygiene practices were higher for girls. Western sweet snacks were preferred and sweet tea was frequently consumed. The fluoride content in drinking water was too low for caries prevention....... CONCLUSION: It is important to maintain the low prevalence of caries among children by increasing awareness and promoting oral health care strategies....

  10. The Correlation Between Body Mass Index and Oral Health in 12-Year-Old Students in Tehran During 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakhostin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background The growing prevalence of being overweight and obesity in children has raised significant public health concerns. Obesity is considered a risk factor for several chronic health conditions and is associated with increased mortality. In addition, recent studies have shown an association between obesity and periodontal disease. Objectives The present study sought to assess the correlation of body mass index (BMI with periodontal disease. Materials and Methods A total of 1,024 12-year-old elementary school students were selected by cluster sampling from five regions of Tehran. BMI was used as a measure of being overweight and obesity, and the oral hygiene index (OHI was used to assess periodontal disease. A linear regression model was applied to estimate the association between BMI and OHI. The parents’ level of education and family income were also evaluated. Results A significant association was found between BMI and OHI (P = 0.001. Also, a significant reverse correlation was detected between the parents’ education level with OHI (P < 0.05. Conclusions Obesity is not a potential risk factor for periodontal disease in children of low-income families. However, periodontal disease is associated with increased BMI. Promotion of healthy nutrition and adequate physical activity may prevent the progression of periodontal disease.

  11. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais entre crianças de 4-12 anos no Crato, Estado do Ceará: um problema recorrente de saúde pública = Prevalence of intestinal parasite infections among 4- to 12-year-old children in Crato, Ceará State

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    Izabel Alencar Barros Vasconcelos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nesse estudo, foi estimada a frequência de parasitoses intestinais em 383 crianças do bairro Pinto Madeira em Crato, Estado do Ceará. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de inquérito domiciliar e de exame coproparasitológico abrangendo residências com crianças de quatro a 12anos, foram utilizados os métodos de Kato-Katzo e Faust. Foi identificada uma associação de parasitoses intestinais com saneamento, disponibilidade e manuseio da água, com prevalência de Ascaris lumbricoides dentre os helmintos e Entamoeba sp. dentre os protozoários. Os dados obtidos demonstraram ainda a que prevalência de helmintos e protozoários foi significativamente maior para as crianças do sexo masculino de 4-5 anos e feminino de 6-7, filhos de mães com menor escolaridade, residentes nos domicílios com piores condições de abastecimento d’água e menor condições de higiene corporal e saneamento básico. Estes resultados sugerem que investimentos em infraestrutura básica e a adoção de políticas voltadas para melhorar a educação familiar poderiam contribuir significativamente na redução da prevalência das parasitoses intestinais em crianças.In this study, we estimated the frequency of intestinal parasites in 383 children in the Pinto Madeira neighborhood of Crato-Ceará State. A survey was conducted covering households with 4- to 12-year-old children, including interviews and coprological surveys using the Kato-Katz and Faust methods. An association was identified between intestinal parasitosis and sanitation, forms of use and availability of water. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Entamoeba sp was demonstrated. The data also showed that the prevalence of helminths and protozoa was significantly higher for 4- to 5-year-old boys and6- to 7-year-old girls, children of mothers with less education, living in households with poor conditions of water supply, hygiene and sanitation. These results suggest that investments in sanitary

  12. Dental caries status of 6-12-year-old orphans and disabled children in Chengdu and its prevention & nbsp;and treatment%成都市部分6~12岁孤残儿童患龋状况及防治探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋贤军; 胡德渝; 肖强; 涂蕊; 董滢

    2013-01-01

      目的了解成都市孤残儿童的患龋状况及相关性,探讨其适宜的防治措施.方法调查成都市5个特殊学校6~12岁孤残儿童共280名,以龋失补牙指数(DMFT/dmft)评估其患龋状况,分析患龋的相关因素,以配合度和残疾类型评估其防治工作的难度程度.结果所有调查对象的患龋率和龋均分别为59.6%和2.16±2.63,其中乳牙患龋率和龋均各为46.4%和1.70±2.50,恒牙患龋率和龋均各为23.9%和0.47±1.05,乳牙和恒牙的龋齿充填率各为2.1%和7.6%.各患龋率及龋均在男性和女性间的差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05).第二乳磨牙龋坏和第一乳磨牙龋坏呈较强相关关系(P0.05). There was a strong correlation between first and second deciduous molar(P<0.001, r=0.593). And DC of 18.21% children was medium and severe. Conclusion This study revealed a high level of dental caries status of 6-12-year-old orphans and disabled children. There was a strong correlation between first and second deciduous molar, it may be used to assess caries risk in clinic and prevention. And it could be very difficult to prevent and treat in some children.

  13. [Phyllodes tumor in a 12-year old teenage girl: about a case and review of the literature].

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    Issara, Karima; Houjami, Majdouline; Sahraoui, Souha; Bouchbika, Zineb; Benchakroun, Nadia; Jouhadi, Hassan; Tawfiq, Nezha; Benider, Abdellatif

    2016-01-01

    Phyllodes tumors of the breast are very rare and are exceptional in children and adolescents; their treatment is based on surgery and radiotherapy, with a good prognosis. We report the case of a 12-year old teenage girl presenting with a mass in the left breast. The diagnosis of a phyllodes tumor was confirmed on the basis of clinical, imaging and histological examinations. Treatment consisted of a large tumorectomy without adjuvant therapy, with good evolution during a 2-year follow-up.

  14. Effect of short burst activities on sprint and agility performance in 11- to 12-year-old boys.

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    Pettersen, Svein A; Mathisen, Gunnar E

    2012-04-01

    There are limited data on how coordinative sprint drills and maximal short burst activities affects children's sprint and agility performance. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of short burst activities on sprint and agility performance in 11- to 12-year-old boys. A training group (TG) of 14 boys followed a 6-week, 1-hour·week(-1), training program consisting of different short burst competitive sprinting activities. Eleven boys of similar age served as controls (control group [CG]). Pre- and posttests assessed 10-m sprint, 20-m sprint, and agility performance. Results revealed significant performance improvement in all tests within TG (p sprint test. Furthermore, the relationships between the performances in straight-line sprint and agility showed a significant transfer effect (r = 0.68-0.75, p sprint and agility performance in 11- to 12-year-old boys.

  15. Individual and contextual determinants of malocclusion in 12-year-old schoolchildren in a Brazilian city.

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    Jordão, Lidia Moraes Ribeiro; Vasconcelos, Daniela Nobre; Moreira, Rafael da Silveira; Freire, Maria do Carmo Matias

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe malocclusion prevalence and its association with individual and contextual factors among Brazilian 12-year-old schoolchildren. This cross-sectional study included data from an oral health survey carried out in Goiânia, Brazil (n = 2,075), and data from the files of the local health authority. The data were collected through oral clinical examinations. The Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) was used to assess occlusion. The presence of malocclusion (DAI > 25) was used as the dependent variable. The individual independent variables consisted of adolescents' sex and race and their mothers' level of schooling. The clinical variables were caries experience and presence of adverse periodontal condition (calculus and/or gingival bleeding). The contextual variables included type of school and the location of schools in the city's health districts. The Rao-Scott test and multilevel logistic regression were performed. The prevalence of malocclusion was 40.1%. In the final model, significantly higher rates of malocclusion were found among those who attended schools located in less affluent health districts and whose mothers had fewer years of education. Rates were also higher among those presenting calculus and/or gingival bleeding. Malocclusion demonstrated a high prevalence rate and the inequalities in its distribution were determined by individual and contextual factors.

  16. Individual and contextual determinants of malocclusion in 12-year-old schoolchildren in a Brazilian city

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    Lidia Moraes Ribeiro JORDÃO

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to describe malocclusion prevalence and its association with individual and contextual factors among Brazilian 12-year-old schoolchildren. This cross-sectional study included data from an oral health survey carried out in Goiânia, Brazil (n = 2,075, and data from the files of the local health authority. The data were collected through oral clinical examinations. The Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI was used to assess occlusion. The presence of malocclusion (DAI > 25 was used as the dependent variable. The individual independent variables consisted of adolescents’ sex and race and their mothers’ level of schooling. The clinical variables were caries experience and presence of adverse periodontal condition (calculus and/or gingival bleeding. The contextual variables included type of school and the location of schools in the city’s health districts. The Rao-Scott test and multilevel logistic regression were performed. The prevalence of malocclusion was 40.1%. In the final model, significantly higher rates of malocclusion were found among those who attended schools located in less affluent health districts and whose mothers had fewer years of education. Rates were also higher among those presenting calculus and/or gingival bleeding. Malocclusion demonstrated a high prevalence rate and the inequalities in its distribution were determined by individual and contextual factors.

  17. Creativity, Emotional Intelligence, and School Performance in Children

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    Hansenne, Michel; Legrand, Jessica

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that both creativity and emotional intelligence (EI) were related to children school performance. In this study, we investigated the incremental validity of EI over creativity in an elementary school setting. Seventy-three children aged from 9 to 12 years old were recruited to participate in the study. Verbal and…

  18. Estado imunitário relativo à poliomielite das crianças de 0-12 anos, residentes no município de São Paulo, Brasil e assistidas pelo Hospital Menino Jesus Immunity status to poliomyelitis of 0-12 years old children living in S. Paulo city, Brazil and using the Menino Jesus Hospital

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    Victorio Barbosa

    1975-06-01

    Full Text Available A prevalência dos anticorpos neutralizantes contra os três tipos de poliovírus e os níveis de imunidade para diferentes grupos etários foram determinados, através de um inquérito soro-epidemiológico, numa população de crianças de 0-12 anos de idade, residentes no município de São Paulo, Brasil e assistidas pelo Hospital Menino Jesus. Os resultados mostraram um número elevado de crianças suscetíveis à infecção por poliovírus no primeiro ano de vida, particularmente no grupo etário de 9-12 meses, em que a proporção de crianças completamente desprotegidas (triplo-suscetíveis alcançou 42,5%. Neste grupo, a prevalência de anticorpos dos tipos 1, 2 e 3 foi apenas em torno de 40%. Dentre as crianças do grupo etário de 0-5 anos, que receberam três ou mais doses de vacina oral trivalente, verificou-se a baixa proporção de 60% de duplo mais triplo-imunes. Os resultados mostraram que o estado imunitário das crianças deste grupo foi o mesmo nas três zonas geográficas da Capital, sendo em torno de apenas 50% a proporção de crianças duplo mais triplo-imunes. Estes resultados indicam níveis precários de imunidade, particularmente nas crianças do primeiro ano de vida. Existe, pois, uma necessidade evidente de realizar novos inquéritos sorológicos, além de intensificar e melhorar a vacinação de manutenção contra a poliomielite em nosso meio.The prevalence of neutralizing antibodies for the three types of polioviruses and the immunity levels of different age groups were determined through a seroepidemiological survey, in a population of 0 to 12 year old children, living in the city of S. Paulo and attending the Menino Jesus Hospital. The results showed a high number of children susceptible to infection by polioviruses, mainly in the 9-12 month age bracket where the proportion of individuals completeley susceptible was 42.5%. In this group the prevalence of type 1, 2 and 3 antibodies was only about 40%. For the 0

  19. To What Extent Does Participation in Extracurricular Music Affect the Future Aspirations of 11-12-Year-Olds? A Small-Scale Investigation

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    Denny, Eleanor

    2007-01-01

    I undertook this project as a 12-year-old student while studying research methods at the Children's Research Centre at the Open University. It has already been shown that doing music improves children's Mathematics and English scores. The aim of this study was to find out if it also raises the aspirations of the children taking part. A…

  20. Tachycardia-Induced Cardiomyopathy in a 12-Year-Old Child With Long QT Syndrome

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    Ghandi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy (TIC is a ventricular dysfunction secondary to chronic and persistent tachycardia that can regress partially or completely following heart rate normalization. Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia and permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia are two types of frequent arrhythmias that can cause cardiomyopathy in children. Case Presentation A 12-year-old child with obesity (body mass index > 26.8 was admitted with fatigue, pallor and tachypnea to the clinic. He had palpitation for the past 24 hours. On the cardiac auscultation, holosystolic 2/6 murmur was heard in the apex as well as gallop rhythm. Electrocardiogram revealed heart rate of 150 - 160 bpm and negative P waves in II, III and AVF leads. The echocardiography revealed dilated cardiomyopathy with an ejection fraction of 30%. Conclusions Diagnosis of tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy in children is important, since appropriate treatment improves the prognosis. Every child with recurrent and persistent palpitation with the first episode of congestive heart failure should be evaluated for tachycardia- induced cardiomyopathy.

  1. Prevalence of Malocclusion among 10-12-year-old Schoolchildren in Kozhikode District, Kerala: An Epidemiological Study

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    Jeseem, MT; Kumar, TV Anupam

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: A malocclusion is an irregularity of the teeth or a malrelationship of the dental arches beyond the range of what is accepted as normal. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 10-12 years in Kozhikode district of Kerala, South India. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among schoolchildren aged 10-12 years in six schools in Kozhikode district of Kerala, South India. A total of 2,366 children satisfied the inclusion criteria. Occlusal characteristics like crossbite, open bite, deep bite, protrusion of teeth, midline deviations, midline diastema and tooth rotation were recorded. The data were tabulated and analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: The results revealed that the overall prevalence of malocclusion was 83.3%. Of this, 69.8% of the children had Angle’s class I malocclusion, 9.3% had class II malocclusion (division 1 = 8.85%, division 2 = 0.5%) and 4.1% had class III malocclusion; 23.2% showed an increased overjet (>3 mm), 0.4% reverse overjet, 35.6% increased overbite (>3 mm), 0.29% open bite, 7.2% crossbite with 4.6% crossbite of complete anterior teeth, 63.3% deviation of midline, 0.76% midline diastema and 3.25% rotated tooth. No significant differences in gender distributions of malocclusions were noted except for increased overjet and overbite. Conclusion: There is high prevalence of malocclusion among schoolchildren in Kozhikode district of Kerala. Early interception and early correction of these malocclusions will eliminate the potential irregularities and malpositions in the developing dentofacial complex. How to cite this article: Narayanan RK, Jeseem MT, Kumar TVA. Prevalence of Malocclusion among 10-12-year-old Schoolchildren in Kozhikode District, Kerala: An Epidemiological Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2016;9(1):50-55. PMID:27274156

  2. Evaluation of oral and dental health of 6-12 year-old students in Kermanshah city

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    Mohammad Reza Nokhostin

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Oral and dental health are among the most important aspects of individual health. Thus, it is necessary to determine community’s oral health status. Various epidemiological studies are required at different levels to assess the efficacy of preventive, oral and dental health control programs in a society. Complications such as nutritional adverse effects, periodontal diseases and adverse psychological effects of dental caries and etc. could be prevented by in-time diagnosis and treatment. This study aimed to assess DMF, dmf index and periodontal status in 6-12 year-old students in Kermanshah City in 2009. Material and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Data were collected through interview and dental clinical examination using disposable dental explorer, dental mirror, periodontal probe, a flash light and a marker. Data were entered into a questionnaire containing demographic characteristics and oral and dental health status of subjects (WHO oral health assessments form. A total of 1050 students aged 6 to 12 years were evaluated for their oral health status in Kermanshah City. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 14 software. T-test and chi square test were also used for analysis. Results: A total of 50% of boys and 52% of girls were susceptible to dent facial problems due to caries, extraction, premature loss of deciduous teeth, and congenital or acquired maxillofacial problems following conditions like mouth breathing due to adenoid and etc. Overall, 18.3% of 6 year old students were caries free. Among middle school students, DMFT was 1.65±1.82 and 3.88±2.72 among female and male 12 year old students, respectively. In general, 19.8% of elementary and 16.8% of 12 year old students had clinically healthy gingiva 21.6% of 6 to 12 year old students did not brush their teeth. A significant correlation was found between the frequency of tooth brushing per day and mean dmft, mean DMFT and gingival health (P<0

  3. Determination of normal reference ranges for venous blood count among 526 children aging from 1year old to 12 years old in Shanghai%上海市526例1~12岁儿童静脉血血常规正常参考区间建立

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    高原; 邹琛; 蒋婕; 杨剑敏; 田先敏

    2015-01-01

    Objective To determine normal reference ranges for venous blood count among children aging from 1 year old to 12 years old.Methods These normal reference ranges were defined in a population of 526 healthy children who had no blood system diseases,allergic diseases,respiratory system diseases,urinary system diseases,digestive system disease,rheumatoid disease,thyroid disease,parasitic infections,malignancies and genetic disease,etc.Values of white blood cell count (WBC),red blood cell count (RBC),hemoglobin (Hb)concentration,red blood cell specific volume (Hct),mean corpusular volume(MCV),mean cell hemoglo-bin (MCH),mean corpuscular hemoglobin(MCHC),platelet (PLT),percentage of neutrophil (NE%),percentage of lymphocyte (LY%),percentage of mononuclear cells (MO%),percentage of acidophilic granulocyte (EOS%).Statistical analysis was done on various parameters that we recorded,and then for every parameter,we could get the various reference ranges for different age groups.Results The subjects were divided into 4 groups based on age.Besides the parameters of WBC count and classification of WBC,the rest of parameters were proved to be of no statistical difference between 4 groups..After an integration of the values,we could get the results as follows:RBC(4.02-5.2)×10 1 2/L,HGB 108-144 g/L,Hct 35.2%-40.4%,MCV 74.6-89.9 fL,MCH 20.9-34.7 pg,MCHC 332- 340 g/L,PLT(157 - 409 )× 10 9/L.WBC count did not have statistical difference between the age group 6-0.05),合并后得到 RBC:(4.02~5.2)×1012/L,HGB:108~144 g/L, Hct:35.2%~40.4%,MCV:74.6~89.9 fL,MCH:20.9~34.7 pg,MCHC:332~340 g/L,PLT:(157~409)×109/L。WBC 除6~0.05),其余各组间差异有统计学意义(P <0.05),经合并后得到1~<3岁组:(4.88~13.38)×109/L,3~<6岁组:(4.26~11.6)×109/L,6~12岁组:(4.24~10.24)×109/L。WBC 分类结果在不同年龄段差异有统计学意义(P <0.05),1~岁 NE:29%~32%,LY:58%~61%;3~<6岁组 NE:43%~46%,LY:43%~46%;6~<9岁组 NE:49%~52%,LY:38%~40%;9

  4. Expectation prior to human papilloma virus vaccination: 11 to 12-Year-old girls' written narratives.

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    Forsner, M; Nilsson, S; Finnström, B; Mörelius, E

    2016-09-01

    Expectations prior to needle-related procedures can influence individuals' decision making and compliance with immunization programmes. To protect from human papilloma virus (HPV) and cervical cancer, the immunization needs to be given before sexual debut raising interest for this study's aim to investigate how 11 to 12-year-old girls narrate about their expectations prior to HPV vaccination. A total of 27 girls aged 11 to 12 years participated in this qualitative narrative study by writing short narratives describing their expectations. The requirement for inclusion was to have accepted HPV vaccination. Data were subjected to qualitative content analysis. Findings showed the following expectations: going to hurt, going to be scared and going to turn out fine. The expectations were based on the girls' previous experiences, knowledge and self-image. The latent content revealed that the girls tried to transform uneasiness to confidence. The conclusion drawn from this study is that most girls of this age seem confident about their ability to cope with possible unpleasantness related to vaccinations. However, nurses need to find strategies to help those children who feel uneasy about needle-related procedures.

  5. Variações no nível de cárie dentária entre crianças de 5 e 12 anos em Minas Gerais, Brasil Variations in tooth decay rates among children 5 and 12 years old in Minas Gerais, Brazil

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    Simone Dutra Lucas

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo ecológico o objetivo foi analisar o cumprimento de metas da OMS para a cárie dentária no ano 2000 em Minas Gerais, identificando fatores associados à variação no CPO-D médio e na ocorrência de CPO-D 3, entre crianças de 12 anos, e no percentual de livres de cáries aos cinco anos. Foram utilizados dados secundários de diferentes fontes. As técnicas de regressão linear e regressão logística múltiplas foram aplicadas nas análises das variáveis dependentes numéricas e dicotômica consideradas. Indicadores sócio-econômicos e da oferta/utilização de serviços odontológicos foram empregados como variáveis explicativas potenciais. As metas expressas pelo CPO-D 3 aos 12 anos e pelo percentual mínimo de 50% de crianças livres de cárie aos cinco anos foram atingidas por 37% e 9% dos municípios, respectivamente. De modo geral, as variáveis dependentes mostraram-se associadas ao nível sócio-econômico, não se identificando associações com as variáveis relativas à atenção odontológica. Os resultados não devem ser generalizados, mas indicam iniqüidades na saúde bucal e o papel desempenhado por fatores sócio-econômicos e a fluoretação da água.The aim of this ecological study was to analyze to what extent World Health Organization goals were met in relation to dental caries in 2000 in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, identifying factors associated with variation in DMFT and the occurrence of DMFT 3 among 12-year-old children and in the percentage of caries-free 5-year-olds. Secondary data from different sources were used. Linear regression and multiple logistic regression techniques were applied to the analysis of the numerical and dichotomous dependent variables. Socioeconomic and dental services supply/utilization indicators were used as potential explanatory variables. The goals expressed by DMFT 3 at 12 years and a minimum of 50% caries-free 5-year-olds were met by 37% and 9% of the State

  6. Prevalence of enamel fluorosis in 12-year-olds in two Swiss cantons.

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    Büchel, Kathrin; Gerwig, Patric; Weber, Catherine; Minnig, Peter; Wiehl, Peter; Schild, Samuel; Meyer, Jürg

    2011-01-01

    The neighbouring cantons Basel-Stadt and Basel-Landschaft had introduced different fluoridation schemes for caries prevention: Basel-Stadt provided drinking water fluoridated at 0.8-1 ppm F since 1962, while Basel-Landschaft introduced fluoridated domestic salt (250 ppm F since 1983). Representative samples of 12-year-old schoolchildren (6th-graders) were studied to evaluate the prevalence of (I) dental fluorosis (FOP) using the Thylstrup-Fejerskov (TF) index, (II) non fluoride-associated enamel opacities (non-FOP), and (III) hypoplasia of the incisors. Standardised frontal colour photographs were taken and assessed by four examiners after projection. Of 373 schoolchildren studied in 1999 in Basel-Stadt 119 (31.9%) showed fluoride-associated enamel opacities, i. e. 66 (17.7%) a very mild form (TF score 1), 47 (12.6%) a mild form (TF score 2), five scored TF3 and one TF5. In addition, non-FOP were diagnosed in 115 (30.8%) and hypoplasia in 47 (12.6%) children. Among the 448 children evaluated in 2001 in Basel-Landschaft 143 (31.9%) showed FOP, namely 74 (16.5%) scored TF1, 54 (12.2%) scored TF2, 12 (2.7%) scored TF3, and three (0.7%) scored TF5. Non-FOP were found among 93 (20.8%) and hypoplasia among 56 (12.5%) children. Thus, in spite of different fluoridation schemes in the two cantons, the prevalences of FOP were identical. Most fluoride-associated enamel opacities were mild or very mild. They did not represent an aesthetic problem and certainly not a public health concern.

  7. Epidemiological study on Buccal Health in the 12 years old population of Health Care Area VIII in Cienfuegos.

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    Yumaidi Colina Sánchez

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The 12 years-old children population is worldwide taken as a reference age to compare the buccal health condition of different countries, by means of various indicators that measure the presence of the main buccal diseases. The knowledge of these epidemiological profiles generates information to guide the services planning policies of the Primary Health Care. Objective: To characterize 12 years-old population's buccal health condition. Methods: Cross- sectional descriptive correlative study with a stratified probabilistic sample of 90 children starting from a universe conformed by the 269 adolescents that constitute the total of the 12 years old population of the Health Care Area VIII in Cienfuegos municipality. Pearson’s chi-square and Mantel-Haenszel lineal tendency tests were used with the determination of the relative risk and reliance intervals of 95%. Results: The decay prevalence reached 54, 4%. The COP-D index was 2, 45 being the decayed component the major percentage with 4.6%. The periodontal disease was more frequent in boys than in girls, with 54, 9% and 30, 8% respectively. 80,9% of the segments is healthy. In those affected, the calculation prevailed in 11,7%. It was determined that faulty obturations, inheritance and faulty buccal hygiene were the most affecting risk factors for children with decays, while in the periodontal disease it was faulty buccal hygiene. Malocclusions presented a prevalence rate of 40%. Out of which, 55,6% required secondary level attention. Those with habits present a risk 2 times superior of making sick. The sick epidemiological category was present in 77,8% of the total. Conclusions: We emphasize the prevention need as core issue of the primary medical care in the world today; being the General-Integral Dentist a transforming agent that according to his/her formation is capable to assume the existent health problem and to modify it positively, acting from the earliest ages.

  8. Erosive tooth wear among 12-year-old schoolchildren: a population-based cross-sectional study in Montevideo, Uruguay.

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    Alvarez Loureiro, Licet; Fabruccini Fager, Anunzziatta; Alves, Luana Severo; Alvarez Vaz, Ramón; Maltz, Marisa

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, extent, severity, intraoral distribution and risk indicators for erosive tooth wear (ETW) among 12-year-old schoolchildren from Montevideo, Uruguay. A population-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted using a representative sample of 1,136 12-year-old schoolchildren attending public and private schools. Parents answered questions on socioeconomic status and general health. Schoolchildren answered questions on dietary and oral hygiene habits. Two calibrated examiners recorded ETW on permanent teeth according to the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) score system. Logistic regression models were performed to assess the association between the predictor variables and the prevalence of ETW (overall and severe ETW). Odds ratios (OR) and the respective 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated. The prevalence of ETW was 52.9%, being mild erosion (BEWE = 1) in the vast majority of cases (48.5%). Severe erosion (BEWE ≥2) was detected in 4.4% of schoolchildren. The overall prevalence of ETW differed significantly between categories of gender and socioeconomic status, but only between gender in the severe ETW analysis. The overall extent of ETW was significantly different between categories of gender, socioeconomic status, and swish before swallow. The extent of severe ETW differed between categories of swish before swallow and brushing frequency. In the logistic regression analysis, no association was found between the studied variables and the overall prevalence of ETW. Males were more likely to have severe ETW than females (OR = 3.22, 95% CI = 1.50-6.89). ETW may be considered a public health problem among 12-year-old-Uruguayan schoolchildren.

  9. Porcine surfactant (Curosurf) for acute respiratory failure after near-drowning in 12 year old.

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    Onarheim, H; Vik, V

    2004-07-01

    This case report describes rapid and persistent improvement after one single dose of porcine surfactant (Curosurf) 0.5 ml/kg(-1) (40 mg/kg) intratracheally for adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with severe oxygenation failure 8 h after freshwater near-drowning in a 12-year-old girl.

  10. [Secular trends of caries prevalence among 6 and 12 year-old youths in the Netherlands].

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Truin, G.J.; Schuller, A.A.; Poorterman, J.H.G.; Mulder, J.

    2010-01-01

    In order to gain insight into the development of caries prevalence and caries experience among Dutch youth, a meta-analysis was carried out on epidemiological caries data collected in 5 and 6 and 11 and 12 year-olds between 1980 and 2009. From the present analysis it appears that after the mid-1980'

  11. Obstructive urolithiasis, unilateral hydronephrosis, and probable nephrolithiasis in a 12-year-old Clydesdale gelding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macbeth, Bryan J

    2008-03-01

    A 12-year-old Clydesdale gelding was presented for colic and dysuria. Obstructive urolithiasis and chronic renal disease were diagnosed via transurethral endoscopy and percutaneous ultrasonography. Nephroliths, hydronephrosis, and peri-ureteral fibrosis were present. Surgical intervention was declined and the gelding was managed medically with antibiotics and dietary modification.

  12. Primary hemorrhagic stroke in a 12-year-old female with sickle cell disease and normal transcranial Doppler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, Michael; Cangemi, Carla; Drachtman, Richard; Masterson, Margaret

    2008-06-01

    Stroke is a well-known complication of sickle cell disease (SCD). It is estimated to occur in approximately 11% of patients with SCD by the age of 20. The most frequent cause of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is blockage of the intracranial internal carotid and middle cerebral arteries. Hemorrhagic stroke is less common, occurring in approximately 3% of children by age 20. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) is the standard test for prediction of stroke risk in children with sickle cell anemia. The authors present a case of a 12-year-old female with SCD transferred to their institution after suffering a catastrophic intracranial hemorrhage. Her most recent TCD was normal 6 months prior to her admission.

  13. Solitary Atypical Adenomatous Hyperplasia in a 12-Year-Old Girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Moran; Lee, Yang-Haeng; Kim, Bomi; Yoon, Young Chul; Wi, Jin Hong

    2016-04-01

    Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia is a premalignant lesion reflecting a focal proliferation of atypical cells. These lesions are usually observed as incidental findings in lungs that have been resected due to other conditions, such as lung cancer. We report the youngest case of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia on record in a 12-year-old girl. In this patient, the lesion was found in association with pneumothorax.

  14. Metaphoric Car Drawings By a 12-Year-Old Congenitally Blind Girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Hsin-Yi; Kennedy, John M

    2015-12-01

    A 12-year-old congenitally-blind girl drew a car moving, stationary, and braking. For stationary, she put the wheels inside the car and, for braking, drew the wheels as rough rectangles. At the age verbal metaphor is understood (Winner, 1988), the girl invented metaphoric drawings. In these, what is shown is not what is meant. In late childhood, metaphor may be understood similarly in pictures and words and by the sighted and blind.

  15. Parental Perceptions of Contributions of School and Neighborhood to Children's Psychological Wellness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jutras, Sylvie; Lepage, Genevieve

    2006-01-01

    This study examined parents' perceptions of how school and neighborhood contribute to the psychological wellness of their 6- to 12-year-old children. Content analysis of 260 interviews explored parents' perception and identified the key aspects of school and neighborhood. At school, two assets stood out: emotional support and a supportive learning…

  16. Analysis of Related Factors of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among Children between 6 and 12 Years old in LiuZhou%柳州市6-12岁儿童罹患注意力缺陷-多动障碍的情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳; 廖立红; 蒋宗顺

    2014-01-01

    object: to investigate Liuzhou children attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - the prevalence of Method: the parents the SNAP-IV rating scale Liuzhou 6 public elementary school and a private elementary school a total of 1021 pupils aged between 6 and 12 years. Preliminary screening positive for children by child development behavior specialist outpatient follow-up, eliminate body disease of the nervous system disease and other serious mental illness, according to the American psychiatric association’s diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders fourth edition to diagnose ADHD Result: the overall prevalence of 4.31%; Urban children prevalence rate 4.37%; Migrant children incidence of 4.26%, there was no statistically significant difference; Conclusion: the prevalence of ADHD Liuzhou children basic consistent with the national level; The prevalence of urban and rural children no difference.%目的:调查柳州市儿童注意力缺陷-多动障碍的发病情况。方法:采用SNAP-IV父母等级评定量表对柳州市6所公立小学和1所私立小学共计1021名6-12岁的小学生进行注意力缺陷-多动障碍的筛查,由儿童发育行为专科门诊对初步筛查结果呈阳性的儿童进行随访,按照美国精神病研究协会制定的精神障碍诊断标准以及第4版精神疾病的诊断和统计手册判断这些儿童是否患有注意力缺陷-多动障碍。结果:在本组儿童中,罹患ADHD的儿童占4.31%(44/1021)。男孩患此病的几率为5.63%(29/515),女孩患病的几率为2.96%(15/506),二者相比差异显著(X2=4.401,P=0.0360.05)。结论:柳州市儿童多动症的患病率与全国水平基本一致;城乡儿童ADHD的患病率相比较无显著差异。将SNAP-IV量表做为儿童ADHD的筛查量表进行ADHD发病率的调查简便易行,此法值得在基层医院推广使用。

  17. Are Schools Meeting Their Clients' Expectations? Parents Voice Their Perceptions about Children Learning to Read in Schools Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, Jo; Greenwood, Janinka; Parkhill, Faye

    2010-01-01

    This research, as part of a larger project examining effective reading instruction for 10-12 year old students, explores the perceptions of thirteen parents in six schools. The study identified: parents recognise their engagement in reading with their children impacts on children's motivation to read; parents have concerns about the degree to…

  18. Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia of the breast: a case report of a 12-year-old girl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eman Almohawes, MD

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH of the breast is a benign lesion, characterized by a dense proliferation of stromal mesenchymal cells of myofibroblastic origin forming empty, slit-like channels. We report PASH in a 12-year-old girl with a huge rapidly enlarged right breast. Biopsy of the mass showed histopathologic features characteristic of PASH. Immunohistochemical studies revealed diffuse positive membranous immunoreactivity to CD34. Although it is a benign lesion, lumpectomy was performed to minimize the damage from developing breast tissue.

  19. A giant trichobezoar causing rapunzel syndrome in a 12-year-old female

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    Nadeem Ul Nazeer Kawoosa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Bezoar is a tightly packed collection of undigested material that is unable to exit the stomach. Most bezoars are of indigestible organic matter such as hair-trichobezoars; or vegetable and fruit-phytobezoars; or a combination of both. Trichobezoars commonly occur in patients with psychiatric disturbances who chew and swallow their own hair. In very rare cases, the Rapunzel syndrome hair extends through the pylorus into the small bowel causing symptom and sign of partial or complete gastric outlet obstruction. A case report of trichobezoar in the stomach causing Rapunzel syndrome in a 12-year-old female is reported.

  20. Dental caries and dental fluorosis in 7-12-year-old schoolchildren in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Bardal, Priscila Ariede Petinuci; OLYMPIO, Kelly Polido Kaneshiro; Buzalaf, Marília Afonso Rabelo; BASTOS, José Roberto Magalhães

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Over the last two decades, the prevalence of dental caries in children has decreased and the prevalence of dental fluorosis has increased. Knowledge on the epidemiologic conditions of a population is fundamental for the planning of health programs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dental caries and dental fluorosis among schoolchildren, in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil. METHODS: A random sample of 432 schoolchildren aged 7-12-years old was obtained. WHO (1997) criteria for de...

  1. Prevalência de parasitoses intestinais entre crianças de 4-12 anos no Crato, Estado do Ceará: um problema recorrente de saúde pública - doi: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v33i1.8539 Prevalence of intestinal parasite infections among 4- to 12-year-old children in Crato, Ceará State - doi: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v33i1.8539

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Nesse estudo, foi estimada a frequência de parasitoses intestinais em 383 crianças do bairro Pinto Madeira em Crato, Estado do Ceará. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de inquérito domiciliar e de exame coproparasitológico abrangendo residências com crianças de quatro a 12 anos, foram utilizados os métodos de Kato-Katzo e Faust. Foi identificada uma associação de parasitoses intestinais com saneamento, disponibilidade e manuseio da água, com prevalência de Ascaris lumbricoides dentre os helmintos e Entamoeba sp. dentre os protozoários. Os dados obtidos demonstraram ainda a que prevalência de helmintos e protozoários foi significativamente maior para as crianças do sexo masculino de 4-5 anos e feminino de 6-7, filhos de mães com menor escolaridade, residentes nos domicílios com piores condições de abastecimento d’água e menor condições de higiene corporal e saneamento básico. Estes resultados sugerem que investimentos em infraestrutura básica e a adoção de políticas voltadas para melhorar a educação familiar poderiam contribuir significativamente na redução da prevalência das parasitoses intestinais em crianças.In this study, we estimated the frequency of intestinal parasites in 383 children in the Pinto Madeira neighborhood of Crato-Ceará State. A survey was conducted covering households with 4- to 12-year-old children, including interviews and coprological surveys using the Kato-Katz and Faust methods. An association was identified between intestinal parasitosis and sanitation, forms of use and availability of water. The prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides and Entamoeba sp was demonstrated. The data also showed that the prevalence of helminths and protozoa was significantly higher for 4- to 5-year-old boys and 6- to 7-year-old girls, children of mothers with less education, living in households with poor conditions of water supply, hygiene and sanitation. These results suggest that investments in sanitary

  2. Determinantes de salud oral en población de 12 años Oral health determinant in 12 year-old population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Fernández González

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de caries y factores asociados con historia de caries y autopercepción de salud oral de escolares de 12 años de establecimientos educacionales municipalizados, comparando población urbana y rural en la Región del Maule, Chile. Material y Método: Estudio transversal en una muestra por conveniencia de 285 escolares de cuatro comunas de la Región. El examen clínico fue realizado por un examinador calibrado. Se midieron variables demográficas, índice COPD, Índice de higiene oral, autopercepción del estado de salud oral y última visita al dentista. Resultados: La prevalencia de caries fue 63.9%, sin diferencias significativa por sexo y área residencia. Los niños tienen 3.17 (95% IC 1.62-6.20 veces más riesgo de tener un COPD=0 en relación a las niñas; la higiene oral también se asoció a un COPD=0 (OR=0.24 95% IC 0.10-0.57. La higiene oral se asoció al área de residencia y nivel socioeconómico (NSE; los jóvenes urbanos tienen 5.6 veces más riesgo de tener una higiene óptima (95% IC 2.68-11.95 que los rurales y los jóvenes de NSE medio y bajo están protegidos de tener una higiene óptima (OR= 0.17 95% IC 0.04-0.66. La autopercepción de salud oral no se asoció a las variables estudiadas. Conclusiones: Los niños de establecimientos rurales presentaron los peores indicadores de salud oral. Los resultados evidencian inequidades de salud de los adolescentes de 12 años de los establecimientos educacionales municipalizados estudiados que ameritan el diseño de estrategias promocionales y preventivas acorde a sus necesidades.Aim: To determine caries prevalence and risk factor associated to caries experience and oral health self perception in 12 year-old school children. The study makes comparisons between urban and rural children of Maule Region, Chile. Subjets and Methods: Cross sectional study in a convenience sample of 285 school children from four counties. Oral examinations were carried

  3. Individual and Contextual Determinants of Periodontal Health in 12-Year-Old Schoolchildren in a Brazilian Capital City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Moraes Ribeiro Jordão

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to describe periodontal health status and its association with individual and contextual factors among 12-year-old schoolchildren in a midwest Brazilian capital city. This cross-sectional study included data from an oral health survey carried out in 2010 in the city of Goiania, Brazil and secondary data obtained from the local health authority. Data were collected through oral clinical examinations and interviews. For assessment of periodontal status two components of the community periodontal index (CPI were used: calculus and bleeding after probing. Dependent variable was presence of any periodontal condition. Independent individual variables were the children’s sex and color/race, and their mother’s level of schooling. Contextual variables were related to the schools (type and existence of toothbrushing program and its geographic location in the health districts. Rao-Scott test and multilevel Poisson analysis were performed. The prevalence of calculus and/or bleeding was 7%. Brown color, public schools, and those located in health district with intermediate socioeconomic indicators were associated to a higher prevalence of this condition. The prevalence of adverse periodontal condition was low and the inequalities in its distribution were determined by individual as well as contextual factors related to the schools and the geographic area.

  4. Enterococcal cerebellopontine angle abscess in a 12-year-old female

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    Sonavane Alka

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite advances in imaging and antibiotic treatment, brain abscess is still encountered occasionally. Various aerobic and anaerobic bacteria have been reported as causative agents of brain abscess but only a few cases of enterococcal brain abscesses have been reported. Here we report a case of brain abscess in a 12-year-old female patient, who presented with a history of fever, chills, headache, convulsions since seven days and history of altered sensorium and aphasia since the last two days . The patient had chronic suppurative otitis media of both ears following trauma and presented with ear discharge. The diagnosis of brain abscess was done by computerized tomography scan and the pus was aspirated by left suboccipital burr hole operation. Enterococcus species was cultured from the aspirated pus sample. The patient responded to surgical drainage and antibiotic treatment.

  5. Bloom′s syndrome in a 12-year-old Iranian girl

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    Tayebi Naeimeh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Bloom′s syndrome, an autosomal recessive inherited disorder, belongs to the group of chromosomal breakage syndromes. The clinical diagnosis of BS is confirmed cytogenetically. Its frequency in the general population is unknown but it is common in eastern European Ashkenazi Jews . Case Report: A 12-year-old girl was referred to us because of short stature. She was the second child of the first cousin marriage. She had a slender body frame, short stature, and microcephaly. Her face was long and narrow with prominent nose, and malar and mandibular hypoplasia. The spots of hyper and hypo pigmentation were observed in the trunk and limbs. Telangectasia spots were observed in some areas of the trunk. Additionally, generalized hirsutism was present in the whole body. Cytogenetic findings revealed an abnormality in the structural chromosome. Conclusion: This is the first BS case that has been reported in Iranian female population.

  6. 家庭护理干预对5~12岁单纯性肥胖儿童体重及心理适应行为的影响%The impact of family nursing intervention on body weight and psychological adap-tive behavior of children of 5 -12 years old with simple obesity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    银青梅; 骆成珠; 张雪岚

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact of family nursing intervention on body weight and psychological adaptive behavior of children with simple obesity.Methods A total of 50 children with simple obesity were randomly divided into control group and interven-tion group, the intervention group adopted family nursing intervention, two groups were compared with children's obesity degree and psycho-logical adaptation behavior.Results The obesity degree of children with family nursing intervention decreased significantly compared to the control group children;And the psychological adaptive behavior of children with family nursing intervention was significantly improved com-pared to the control group children.Conclusions Family nursing intervention can effectively control the weight of children with simple obesi-ty and improve their psychological adaptive behavior.%目的:探讨家庭护理干预对单纯性肥胖儿童体重及心理适应行为的影响。方法对50名单纯性肥胖儿童随机分为对照组和干预组,干预组实施家庭护理干预后,比较两组儿童肥胖度和心理适应行为差异。结果干预组儿童的肥胖度和对照组的相比明显下降;干预组儿童的心理适应行为和对照组的相比有明显改善。结论家庭护理干预能有效控制单纯性肥胖儿童体重和改善其心理适应行为。

  7. BMI and waist circumference; cross-sectional and prospective associations with blood pressure and cholesterol in 12-year-olds.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marga B M Bekkers

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Childhood and adolescent overweight, defined by body mass index (BMI are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in later life. Abdominal adiposity may be more important in associations with cardiovascular diseases but waist circumference (WC has been rarely studied in children. We studied associations between BMI and WC and blood pressure (BP and cholesterol in 12-year-old children and prospectively changes in BMI or WC status between age 8 and 12 years and BP and cholesterol at age 12. STUDY DESIGN: Weight, height, WC, BP and cholesterol concentrations were measured in 1432 children at age 12 years. Linear regression was used to study the associations between high BMI and large WC (>90(th percentile and BP and cholesterol. RESULTS: Systolic BP was 4.9 mmHg higher (95% (CI 2.5, 7.2 in girls and 4.2 mmHg (95%CI 1.9, 6.5 in boys with a high BMI. Large WC was also associated with higher systolic BP in girls (3.7 mmHg (95%CI 1.3, 6.1 and boys (3.5 mmHg (95%CI 1.2, 5.8. Diastolic BP and cholesterol concentrations were significantly positively (HDL cholesterol negatively associated with high BMI and large WC, too. Normal weight children with a history of overweight did not have higher blood pressure levels or adverse cholesterol concentrations than children that were normal weight at both ages. CONCLUSION: A high BMI and large WC were associated with higher BP levels and adverse cholesterol concentrations. WC should be taken into account when examining cardiovascular risk factors in children.

  8. Distribution of interleukin-6-634C/G promotor gene polymorphism in 8-12-year-old children and its correlation with nutrition%白细胞介素-6基因启动子区域634位点单核苷酸多态性分布及其与儿童营养状况的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鸿; 席卫平; 周永安; 赵瑞; 姚丽英; 张存勖

    2011-01-01

    ,与维生素D缺乏性疾病无关,可能与骨代谢无关.25-羟维生素D与血糖、血脂均无关,与儿童超重及肥胖无关.%Objective To explore the correlation between IL-6-634C/G gene promoter polymorphism and body mass index (BMI),blood sugar (BS),25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH-D),and serum lipid levels by investigating in 8-12-year-old Han children in Shanxi province,China.Methods In Datong city of Shanxi province,214 8-12-year-old children were enrolled after obtaining informed consent from their parents.The weight and height were measured and the BMI was calculated.BS,serum lipids,and 25-OH-D were determined.IL-6-634C/G polymorphism were detected by polymerase chain reaction restricted fragment length polymorphism.The effects of genotype on BMI,BS,serum lipids,and 25-OH-D were also studied.Results The genotypes of IL-6-634C/G polymorphism in 214 cases were GG ( 15% ),GC (40%),and CC (45%).The percentages of C and G allele frequencies were 65% and35%.The genotypes and allele frequencies showed no gender differences ( P > 0.05 ).However,significantly different GG genotypes frequencies were found between overweight and obese children (38.3%) and other children ( normal weight children: 7.3% ; thin children: 10.9% ) (x2 =14.715,P =0.006).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that IL-6-634C/G polymorphisms and triglyceride were correlated with overweight and obesity (P < 0.05 ).25-OH-D was not correlated with BMI (r =0.075,P =0.528),BS ( r =0.018,P =0.880 ),triglyceride ( r =- 0.097,P =0.417 ),high density lipoprotein cholesterin ( r =0.038,P =0.751 ),and low density lipoprotein cholesterin ( r =- 0.028,P =0.817 ).25-OH-D was not significantly different between overweight and obesity children.The distribution of three genotypes showed no correlation with 25-OH-D deficiency (x2 =0.622,P =0.733 ).Conclusions IL-6-634C/G polymorphism exists in Han children in Shanxi province.IL-6 gene 634 GG genetype is a risk factor of

  9. Relationship between dental fluorosis and serum chemical element levels of 8-12 year-old children in endemic fluorosis areas and non-diseased areas%地方性氟中毒病区与非病区8-12岁儿童氟斑牙及与血清化学元素的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史晓红; 梁妍; 冯永亮; 王素萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children aged 8 - 12 years, and to explore the relationship between dental fluorosis and serum chemical elements. Methods The cross-sectional study was used to investigate the prevalence of dental fluorosis. The dental fluorosis was diagnosed according to Dean method. The contents of serum calcium ( Ca ),copper ( Cu ),iron ( Fe ),magnesium ( Mg ),phosphorus ( P ),zinc ( Zn ) were determined using IRIS Intrepid Ⅱ XSP ICP spectrometer. Results The prevalence of dental fluorosis of children aged 8 - 12 years in severe endemic fluorosis areas, the wards, the control areas were 93.0% , 81.5% and 11.8% , respectively. Serum levels of Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, P, and Zn in the children of severe endemic fluorosis areas, the wards, the control areas were different( Fca= 12. 150,P < 001; FCu= 3. 326, P < 0.05; FFe= 11. 893, P < 001; FMg= 13. 053, P < 001; FP= 3. 131,P < 0.05 ;Fzn= 28. 019,P < 001 ). Content of calcium in the wards was lower than that in the control areas ( P < 0.001 ). Iron content in the wards was higher than that in the control areas ( P < 0. 001 ). Magnesium content was lower in the severe areas and the wards than that in the control areas ( P < 0.001 ). Phosphorus content in severe areas was lower than that in the control zone ( P < 0.05 ). Zinc content in seriously ill areas was higher than that in the control areas, while it was lower in the wards than that in the control areas ( P < 0.05 ). Level of magnesium in dental fluorosis patients was higher than that in normal children( t= 2.14, P < 0.05 ), but there was no significant difference in the rest chemical elements between them. Conclusion The higher the concentration of fluoride in drinking water is, the higher the detection rate of dental fluorosis is. Calcium and magnesium can be antagonistic with dental fluorosis.%目的 了解8-12岁儿童氟斑牙患病情况,探讨化学元素与氟斑牙的关系.方法

  10. Idiopathic Calcinosis Cutis over Elbow in a 12-Year Old Child

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    S. K. Venkatesh Gupta

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Calcinosis cutis is an uncommon disorder caused by an abnormal deposit of calcium phosphate in the skin in various parts of the body. Four main types of calcinosis cutis have been recognized according to etiology: associated with localized or widespread tissue changes or damage (dystrophic calcification, that associated with an abnormal calcium and phosphorus metabolism (metastatic calcification, not associated with any tissue damage or demonstrable metabolic disorder (idiopathic calcification, and Iatrogenic. Very few cases of idiopathic calcinosis cutis are reported in early childhood in the literature. We report one such case of idiopathic calcinosis cutis over elbow in a 12-year-old female child. Histological examinations of the lesions resected in this case reveal calcium deposits in the dermis, surrounded by foreign body giant cells. Idiopathic calcinosis cutis is a rare phenomenon and occurs in the absence of known tissue injury or systemic metabolic defect. It is important to delineate it from other calcification disorders for further plan of management. Medical therapy in calcinosis cutis is of limited benefit in pediatric age group and poses a challenging problem of postsurgical management.

  11. Presumed Idiopathic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy in a 12-Year-Old Girl

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    Juan P. Velazquez-Martin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC typically affects middle-aged males. To date, only one case of idiopathic CSC in a prepubertal subject has been reported. Atypical idiopathic CSC presentation may be challenging to diagnose. Exclusion of secondary causes of serous retinal detachment (SRD is warranted. We describe the atypical case of a 12-year-old female with a circumscribed SRD that resolved spontaneously and with fluorescein angiography (FA findings that were compatible with idiopathic CSC. Optical coherence tomography (OCT and systemic assessment were performed to exclude other etiologies. FA demonstrated multiple focal leaks in early phases, with subretinal leakage and pooling in late phases. OCT showed a localized circumscribed retinal detachment. Complete blood count was within normal limits. Serum cortisol was normal (22.1 µg/dl and mean arterial blood pressure was 100/60 mm Hg, thereby excluding secondary causes of CSC. This is the second reported case of idiopathic CSC in a prepubertal female and the first one documented by FA and OCT, as well as other studies to exclude secondary causes. Albeit rare, idiopathic CSC should be considered in the differential diagnosis of SRD in this (prepubertal age group, after excluding secondary ocular or systemic etiologies.

  12. Presumed Idiopathic Central Serous Chorioretinopathy in a 12-Year-Old Girl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Velazquez-Martin, Juan P.; Fulda, Emiliano; Domville, Daniela; Graue-Wiechers, Federico; Krema, Hatem

    2012-01-01

    Idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) typically affects middle-aged males. To date, only one case of idiopathic CSC in a prepubertal subject has been reported. Atypical idiopathic CSC presentation may be challenging to diagnose. Exclusion of secondary causes of serous retinal detachment (SRD) is warranted. We describe the atypical case of a 12-year-old female with a circumscribed SRD that resolved spontaneously and with fluorescein angiography (FA) findings that were compatible with idiopathic CSC. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and systemic assessment were performed to exclude other etiologies. FA demonstrated multiple focal leaks in early phases, with subretinal leakage and pooling in late phases. OCT showed a localized circumscribed retinal detachment. Complete blood count was within normal limits. Serum cortisol was normal (22.1 μg/dl) and mean arterial blood pressure was 100/60 mm Hg, thereby excluding secondary causes of CSC. This is the second reported case of idiopathic CSC in a prepubertal female and the first one documented by FA and OCT, as well as other studies to exclude secondary causes. Albeit rare, idiopathic CSC should be considered in the differential diagnosis of SRD in this (prepubertal) age group, after excluding secondary ocular or systemic etiologies. PMID:22615694

  13. Prevalência de cárie e necessidades de tratamento em escolares de 6 a 12 anos da rede pública de ensino Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in 6 to 12 year-old schoolchildren at public schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria do Carmo Matias Freire

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conhecer a prevalência de cárie e necessidades de tratamento em escolares do interior do Estado de Goiás, Brasil. MÉTODOS: A amostra foi constituída de 1.419 escolares de 6 a 12 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos, que freqüentavam 25 escolas públicas na zona urbana de 9 municípios. RESULTADOS: A percentagem de escolares livres de cárie foi muito baixa em todas as idades, sendo 4,4% aos 12 anos. O índice CPO-D variou de 0,41 aos 6 anos a 5,19 aos 12 anos. O índice ceo-d nesta faixa etária variou de 4,93 a 0,29. As necessidades de tratamento superaram as necessidades atendidas, tanto na dentição decídua quanto na permanente. CONCLUSÃO: A alta prevalência de cárie em escolares do interior de Goiás sugere a necessidade de se implantar medidas educativas e preventivas em saúde bucal que intervenham nos reais determinantes da doença na população.OBJECTIVE: To assess dental caries prevalence and treatment needs of schoolchildren in the State of Goiás, Brazil. METHODS: The study population consisted of 6-12-yr-old schoolchildren (n=1,419, male and female, attending 25 public schools located in the urban area of 9 provincial cities in the State of Goiás. RESULTS: Percentage of caries-free schoolchildren was very low at all ages (4.4% at age 12. Mean DMF-T ranged from 0.41 at age 6 to 5.19 at age 12. Mean dmf-t in this age group ranged from 4.93 to 0.29. Treatment needs were higher than the proportion of treated teeth in both deciduous and permanent dentition. CONCLUSION: The high prevalence of dental caries found in schoolchildren in the provincial cities of Goiás suggests the need for oral health education and preventive programs targeted at the underlying causes of the disease on a population level.

  14. A Comparison of the Oral Narrative Abilities between Normal and Learning-Disabled Middle School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klecan-Aker, Joan S.

    The study assessed the oral narrative abilities of 10 normal and 10 learning-disabled (LD) middle school children (11-12 years old). Narratives were assessed using A. Applebee's system for the development of story organization. The narratives were also examined for the specific components used within the stories themselves. Findings revealed…

  15. Sentimento de gratidão em crianças de 5 a 12 anos El sentimiento de gratitud en niños de 5 a 12 años The feeling of gratitude in 5- to 12-year-old children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia Beatriz de Lucca Freitas

    2009-06-01

    el bienfactor. Los datos encontrados, discutidos a la luz de la literatura, sujeren nuevas cuestiones de investigación.Results are presented from a study about the development of the feeling of gratitude in childhood. The participants were 12 children, distributed equally across three age groups (5-6, 7-8, and 11-12 years and by sex. The study used three stories about hypothetical situations, each focusing on a different type of benevolent action. Following each story, a clinical interview was conducted with each child. The results suggest a difference among the age groups in terms of the types of positive feeling attributed to the beneficiary of the action. Although few participants referred explicitly to this, considering the beneficiary's changed feeling state appears to contribute to the understanding of gratitude. The results reveal significant differences among the three age groups in the types of relation established between the satisfaction felt by the beneficiary and the benefactor. These results, discussed in light of the literature, suggest new research questions.

  16. INDICATION OF CARIES FREE PREVALENCE AMONG 12 YEARS OLD STUDENTS IN IZEH CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M MOUSAVINASAB

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Caries is a factor of teeth missing and its prevalence and also its expenditure are very light in Iran. Treatment ways need a lot of time, but they have little success, so it is important to prevent caries. Now if we want to have a successful model, having person's statistics is important and useful for our Research purposes. This research was done to detect caries free prevalence in students twelve year of age in Izeh city and it contained 2groups of girls and boys. It was done to indicate the connection between caries free prevalence and individual oral hygiene with brushing times, numbers during 24 hours. Methods: This research is a kind of epidemiological and descriptive study. It was done in Izeh city in 78-79 educational years. Its only document, was selection the 12 years old students. Informations collected by clinical inspections and interrogatory J method Sample volume was 400 students according to this formula N=Z2(1-p/ d2. We use Chi-square statistics test and also its soft disk (SPSS or statitistics program was about social science. Conclusion: Caries free prevalence within the whole sample was 16.5%and it was 17.5% within the girls and 15-5% within boys. According to brushing times numbers, 25% brushed once a day, 47% brushed twice and 5.5% brushed three time a day and 22.5% never brushed their teeth. Discussin and conclusion: According to the obtained dates, caries prevalence related to sex difference was meaningless and they had no connection with each other there was a meaningful connection between brushing times, numbers and oral hygiene situation which caries free developed by increasing anyone of them.

  17. Occlusion in 6-12 year old mouth breathers of the Child’s Clinic of the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Antioquia

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: the objective of this analysis was to determine the characteristics of occlusion in mouth breathing children, who are treated in the Child’s Clinic of the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Antioquia. Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study in 100 6-12 year old mouth breathing patients, who went for the first time to the Child’s Clinic (iv to vii semester), who had no prior therapeutic surgeries, identified with a checklist. Upon a medical examination, the following ...

  18. Improved executive functions in 6-12-year-old children following cognitively engaging tennis lessons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishihara, Toru; Sugasawa, Shigemi; Matsuda, Yusuke; Mizuno, Masao

    2016-11-16

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationships between cognitively engaging exercise (i.e., game-based and coordination exercises), executive functions (i.e., inhibitory control and working memory), and physical fitness. Forty junior tennis players (6-12 years old), who regularly participated in tennis lessons (2.55 years, SD = 1.61) prior to the study, were investigated. All participants completed evaluations of executive functions (inhibitory control and working memory) at rest. The duration of each lessons' instructional activities, including coordination training, game-based exercise, rallying, and non-physical activity (explanations and breaks), was recorded. Physical fitness was evaluated using the Tennis Field Test. A longer duration of game-based exercise was positively correlated with inhibitory control and physical fitness. Coordination training was associated with improved working memory. Non-physical activity was inversely correlated with inhibitory control, working memory, and physical fitness. The results suggest that game-based tennis lessons have beneficial effects on inhibitory control and physical fitness levels, and a longer duration of coordination training is associated with better working memory. The present study indicates that shortened non-physical activity time within a sports setting is associated with the development of executive functions and physical fitness.

  19. Problematic eating behaviors and nutritional status in 7 to 12 year-old Chilean children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime R. Silva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El sobrepeso y la obesidad son condiciones médicas que requieren un análisis multidisciplinario de sus causas y tratamiento. En Chile se ha observado un aumento sostenido de la presencia de obesidad y sobrepeso en niños. Sin embargo, se desconoce el nivel de presencia y la dinámica de las conductas alimentarias problemáticas mencionadas en niños chilenos. El objetivo de esta investigación fue estudiar la relación entre la alimenta-ción restringida, externa y emocional y las variaciones en el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC en niños chilenos. Consecuentemente, 453 niños entre 7 a 12 años respondieron el Cuestionario Holandés de Conducta Alimentaria para niños. Además, se obtuvieron datos antropométricos. Se encontró una relación positiva entre la alimentación restringida y el IMC y una correlación negativa entre alimentación externa y el IMC. La alimentación emocional demostró una relación inversa modesta con el IMC. Se observó una significativa interacción entre la conducta problemática y estado nutricional (normopeso, sobrepeso, obesidad. La alimentación restringida fue característica de los niños con obesidad mientras que la alimentación externa, de los niños con normopeso. Estos resultados sugieren que la conducta alimentaria problemática y su relación con el peso corporal son similares a los estudios descritos en Europa. © 2012 Asociación Española de Psicología Conductual.Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L. Todos los derechos reservados.

  20. Problematic eating behaviors and nutritional status in 7 to 12 year-old Chilean children

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Jaime R.; Gabriela Capurro; María Paz Saumann; Andrea Slachevsky

    2013-01-01

    El sobrepeso y la obesidad son condiciones médicas que requieren un análisis multidisciplinario de sus causas y tratamiento. En Chile se ha observado un aumento sostenido de la presencia de obesidad y sobrepeso en niños. Sin embargo, se desconoce el nivel de presencia y la dinámica de las conductas alimentarias problemáticas mencionadas en niños chilenos. El objetivo de esta investigación fue estudiar la relación entre la alimenta-ción restringida, externa y emocional y las variaciones en el ...

  1. Heritability of Stroop and flanker performance in 12-year old children

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.F. Stins (John); G.C.M. van Baal (Caroline); T.J.C. Polderman (Tinca); F.C. Verhulst (Frank); D.I. Boomsma (Dorret)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractBackground: There is great interest in appropriate phenotypes that serve as indicator of genetically transmitted frontal (dys)function, such as ADHD. Here we investigate the ability to deal with response conflict, and we ask to what extent performance variation on response interference t

  2. Effect of Axial Eye Length on Retinal Vessel Parameters in 6 to 12-Year-Old Malay Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tai, Evelyn Li Min; Li, Ling-Jun; Wan-Hazabbah, Wan Hitam; Wong, Tien-Yin; Shatriah, Ismail

    2017-01-01

    Purpose Retinal vessel analysis is affected by both systemic and ocular factors. Malays are the major ethnicity in South East Asia. Data on the retinal microvasculature in Malays is limited, especially among children. We aim to evaluate the influence of ocular biometry on retinal vessel parameters in young Malay girls. Methods This was a cross-sectional, hospital-based study involving 86 Malay girls aged 6 to 12 years old in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia from 2015–2016. Ocular examination, refraction, biometry, retinal photography, and anthropometric measurements were performed. The central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE), central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) and overall fractal dimension (Df) were measured using validated computer-based methods (Singapore I vessel analyzer, SIVA version 3.0, Singapore). The associations of ocular biometry and CRAE, CRVE and Df were analyzed using multivariable analysis. Results The mean CRAE, CRVE and Df in Malay girls were 171.40 (14.40) um, 248.02 (16.95) um and 1.42 (0.05) respectively. Each 1 mm increase in axial length was associated with a reduction of 4.25 um in the CRAE (p = 0.03) and a reduction of 0.02 in the Df (p = 0.02), after adjustment for age, blood pressure and body mass index. No association was observed between axial length and CRVE. Anterior chamber depth and corneal curvature had no association with CRAE, CRVE or Df. Conclusion Axial length affects retinal vessel measurements. Narrower retinal arterioles and reduced retinal fractal dimension were observed in Malay girls with longer axial lengths. PMID:28107389

  3. Comparing the Magnitude of Two Fractions with Common Components: Which Representations Are Used by 10- and 12-Year-Olds?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meert, Gaelle; Gregoire, Jacques; Noel, Marie-Pascale

    2010-01-01

    This study tested whether 10- and 12-year-olds who can correctly compare the magnitudes of fractions with common components access the magnitudes of the whole fractions rather than only compare the magnitudes of their components. Time for comparing two fractions was predicted by the numerical distance between the whole fractions, suggesting an…

  4. Sleep, Cognition, and Behavioral Problems in School-Age Children: A Century of Research Meta-Analyzed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astill, Rebecca G.; Van der Heijden, Kristiaan B.; Van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Van Someren, Eus J. W.

    2012-01-01

    Clear associations of sleep, cognitive performance, and behavioral problems have been demonstrated in meta-analyses of studies in adults. This meta-analysis is the first to systematically summarize all relevant studies reporting on sleep, cognition, and behavioral problems in healthy school-age children (5-12 years old) and incorporates 86 studies…

  5. Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification in a 12-year-old girl presenting as chronic mesenteric ischemia: imaging findings and angioplasty results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Edwin; Owen, Richard [University of Alberta, Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, Edmonton (Canada); Bruce, Garth [University of Saskatchewan, Department of Pediatrics, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon (Canada); Wiebe, Sheldon [University of Saskatchewan, Department of Medical Imaging, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon (Canada)

    2011-11-15

    We report an unusual case of chronic mesenteric ischemia presenting in a 12-year-old girl with idiopathic infantile arterial calcinosis (IIAC). This is the first reported case in the literature of chronic mesenteric ischemia in the setting of IIAC. The girl presented with a classical history of postprandial abdominal pain. Imaging demonstrated significant stenoses of the celiac axis, superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). Angioplasty of the celiac axis and SMA was attempted, with successful dilation of the SMA only. At 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-ups, the child's symptoms had almost resolved. This case report has three important ramifications: chronic mesenteric ischemia is a possible clinical presentation in children with IACC, pre-angioplasty imaging is important in guiding treatment approach, and angioplasty was effective in this case of chronic mesenteric ischemia and offers hope for other similarly affected children. (orig.)

  6. The successful use of extracorporeal photopheresis in a 12-year-old patient with refractory epidermolysis bullosa acquisita

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liszewski, Walter; Omland, Silje Haukali; Gniadecki, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is a rare autoimmune bullous disease of the mucosa and skin characterized by the presence of anti-collagen VII antibodies at the dermoepidermal junction. Most patients respond to immunosuppressive or antiinflammatory agents, although patients whose condition is ref...... is refractory to these therapies will require more aggressive treatment. We present a 12-year-old girl with refractory epidermolysis bullosa acquisita who responded to extracorporeal photopheresis....

  7. Changing oral health status of 6- and 12-year-old schoolchildren in Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Almeida, César Mexia; Petersen, Poul Erik; André, Sónia Jesus

    2003-01-01

    AIMS: To assess the actual oral health status of Portuguese schoolchildren aged 6 and 12 years according to gender and urbanisation, to highlight the trend over time in dental caries prevalence of children, to assess the dental care habits and the provision of preventive services to children, and...

  8. Dental caries experience in 12-year-old schoolchildren in southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Cypriano

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of caries-free children using DMFT and significant caries (SiC indexes in different caries prevalence groups in cities of the region of Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil. The methodology proposed by the World Health Organization (1997 was used for caries diagnosis in 2,378 individuals. According to the DMFT index obtained in each evaluated city, 3 prevalence groups with representative samples were formed, being classified as low, moderate and high. SiC index was used to classify the one third of the population with the highest caries prevalence. In the low prevalence group, 32.4% of the children were caries free (DMFT=0, with mean DMFT of 2.29 and SiC index of 4.93. In the moderate prevalence group, 21.8% of the children were caries free, with mean DMFT of 3.36 and SiC of 6.74. Only 6.9% of the children in the high prevalence group were caries free and the mean DMFT was 5.54 (SiC=9.62. There was a great heterogeneity in dental caries distribution within the studied population, as well as a high caries prevalence considering the 3 classifications. Other indexes besides DMFT could be used to improve oral health assessment during establishment of the treatment plan and intervention.

  9. Investigation and analysis of 1 793 cases of 7~12 years old children permanent teeth caries disease condition in Yinch-uan city Yueyahu ecological migrants district and evaluation of atraumatic filling technique treatment effect%银川市月牙湖生态移民区1793例7~12岁儿童恒牙龋病状况调查分析及非创伤性充填技术治疗的效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张馨; 李玲玲; 霍永力

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To understand the children permanent teeth caries disease prevalence condition in Yinchuan city Yueyahu ecological migrants district and the treatment effect of atraumatic filling technique(ART).Methods:1 793 cases of 7~12 years old children were given oral health examination and oral health education.150 cases of children accorded with the treatment standard of ART were selected.The ART treatment was given by using oral portable dental chair on scene.The effect was observed after 3 months of ART filling.Results:The children permanent teeth caries prevalence rate of Yinchuan city Yueyahu ecological migrants district was higher than that of the urban children(the third national epidemiological survey)(P<0.05),and the caries prevalence rate of girls was higher than that of boys.After ART filling technology,the serviceability rate was 94.92%.Conclusion:7~12 years old children of ecological migrants district because of the traffic and economic constraints,and the permanent teeth caries treatment rate is low.ART filling technology is easy to operate,and it can be applied on the prevention and treatment of early childhood permanent teeth caries disease in the economic underdeveloped remote areas.%目的:了解银川市月牙湖生态移民区儿童恒牙龋病患病情况及非创伤性充填技术(ART)治疗效果。方法:对7~12岁1793例儿童进行口腔健康检查和口腔健康教育,筛选符合ART治疗标准的150例儿童,利用口腔便携式牙科治疗椅现场进行ART治疗,ART充填后3个月进行效果观察。结果:银川市月牙湖生态移民区儿童恒牙患龋率高于城市儿童(第三次全国流调)(P<0.05),女生患龋率高于男生。经ART治疗后完好率94.92%。结论:生态移民区7~12岁儿童受交通和经济制约,恒牙龋病治疗率较低。ART充填技术易于操作,可应用于经济欠发达的偏远地区儿童早期恒牙龋病防治。

  10. Liver abscess due to Klebsiella pneumoniae in a healthy 12-year-old boy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Da Hye Yoon

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA is rare in healthy children. We report a case of PLA in an immunocom­ petent 12­year­old boy. Percutaneous catheter drainage was performed for the abscess. In addition, parenteral antibiotics were administered for 3 weeks. Klebsiella pneumoniae was detected in the culture of blood and drained fluid. Here, we present this case and a brief review of the literature on this subject.

  11. Orthodontic treatment need in a group of 9-12-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Fernanda Dias

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to evaluate the need for orthodontic treatment in Brazilian schoolchildren presenting both late mixed dentition and early permanent dentition as well as to determine the possible factors associated with this necessity. Our randomly selected sample consisted of 407 schoolchildren aged between 9 and 12 years from Nova Friburgo (State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. All the children were evaluated according to the two components of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN, namely, the Dental Health Component (DHC and the Aesthetic Component (AC. Data analysis involved multiple logistic regression. Definite need for orthodontic treatment was found in 34.2% and 11.3% of the children according to, respectively, DHC and AC. The most prevalent malocclusions included the following: contact point displacement (crowding, crossbite, and increased overjet. Male gender, permanent dentition and aesthetic reasons were factors associated with a great need for orthodontic treatment. It was concluded that about one-third of the children evaluated had a definite need for orthodontic treatment. This necessity was greater in the permanent dentition, thus emphasizing the importance of an early identification of malocclusions and a timely referral of patients for treatment. The correlation between AC and DHC was considered important since they involve distinctive characteristics.

  12. Prevalência de fluorose dentária em escolares de 12 anos de idade, Ouro Preto/MG - 2003 Prevalence of dental fluorosis in 12 year-old schoolchildren, Ouro Preto/MG - 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Fioravante Braga Barros

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: verificar a prevalência da fluorose dentária em escolares de 12 anos de idade em Ouro Preto. METODOLOGIA: estudo seccional incluindo 248 crianças selecionadas aleatoriamente em 11 escolas do município. A amostra foi calculada de acordo com a metodologia descrita no Projeto SB2000. Os exames foram realizados por cirurgião-dentista treinado e calibrado. Os índices utilizados para medir a fluorose foram: índice de Dean e índice comunitário de fluorose. RESULTADOS: De 248 crianças selecionadas, 159 (64,1% participaram deste estudo. A prevalência de fluorose (índice de Dean encontrada foi de 11,4%, sendo composta pela condição muito leve (10,1% e leve (1,3%. A condição moderada e severa de fluorose não foi encontrada. Os dentes mais acometidos por fluorose foram os pré-molares, molares, incisivos e caninos. Não houve diferença entre os sexos quanto ao grau de fluorose, e o índice comunitário de fluorose foi de 0,29. CONCLUSÃO: a fluorose em crianças de 12 anos não é um problema de saúde pública em Ouro Preto, dado que a prevalência não é alta e quase todos os casos encontrados são muito leves.OBJECTIVE: to find out the prevalence of dental fluorosis in 12-year-old schoolchildren in Ouro Preto. METHODOLOGY: cross-sectional study including 248 children randomly selected from 11 schools in the town. The sample was calculated according to the methodology described in Project SB2000. Exams were undertaken by a trained and calibrated dentist. Dental fluorosis was evaluated by the Dean index and index of community fluorosis. RESULTS: 159 (64.1% children, among the 248 who were selected, participated in the study. The prevalence of fluorosis (Dean index found was 11.4%, and it was found to be a very mild (10.1% or mild (1.3% condition. Moderate and severe fluorosis were not found. The teeth most affected by fluorosis were pre-molars, molars, incisors and canines. There was no difference between genders as to the

  13. A Rare Case of Tamarind Seed Induced Oral Submucous Fibrosis in a 12-Year-Old Indian Boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamat, Mamata Sharad; Puranik, Rudrayya Shivanand; Hallur, Neelkamal Halappa; Kumar, Varsha Vimal; Kamat, Sharad Basavaraj

    2016-06-01

    Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic debilitating, potentially malignant disorder of the oral cavity. It is characterized by restricted mouth opening which results due to abnormal accumulation of collagen in the sub-epithelial layers leading to dense fibrous bands in the mouth. The pathogenesis of the disease is believed to be multifactorial. However, literature reports suggest a strong association of OSMF and arecanut chewing habit. The present paper presents a case of OSMF in a 12-year-old boy without arecanut chewing habit, but with a heavy practice of chewing tamarind seeds.

  14. Giant primary vaginal calculus secondary to vesicovaginal fistula with partial vaginal outlet obstruction in a 12-year-old girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shushang; Ge, Rong; Zhu, Lingfeng; Yang, Shunliang; Wu, Weizhen; Yang, Yin; Tan, Jianming

    2011-10-01

    A vesicovaginal fistula with vagina obstruction associated with vaginal calculi is an extremely rare medical condition. We report a giant primary vaginal calculus resulting from vesicovaginal fistula with partial vaginal outlet obstruction secondary to perineum trauma and surgery in a 12-year-old girl. Episiotomy was performed and the adhesive labia minora was split. After the removal of a giant calculus in the vagina, approximately 8 cm in diameter, the fistula tract was completely excised, followed by the repair of the vesicovagina fistula and the vagina. The patient was symptom-free at 6-month follow-up examination.

  15. A rare cause for severe recurrent lower gastrointestinal bleeding in a 12 year old patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Belsha

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The cause for severe, recurrent lower gastrointestinal (LGI bleeding in children can usually be diagnosed readily by means of the commonly used investigative/diagnostic techniques such as colonoscopy, laparoscopy ± laparotomy. Occasionally less commonly used investigations may be necessary to look for more elusive causes of LGI bleeding such as capsule endoscopy, angiography, technetium-99m (99m Tc-labeled red blood cell (RBC scintigraphy, cross-sectional imaging such as CT/MRI (including angiography and laparotomy combined with on-table small bowel enteroscopy. We report a case of severe, recurrent LGI bleeding that had occurred over several years, where the cause remained elusive despite numerous investigations and interventions. The etiology of this was eventually found to be a gastric duplication cyst infiltrating into adjacent transverse colon and causing bleeding from peptic ulceration in the colon. The process by which this diagnosis was made and the lessons learned are discussed.

  16. Specific cognitive abilities in 5- to 12-year-old twins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foch, T T; Plomin, R

    1980-11-01

    Eleven tests of specific cognitive abilities were administered to 108 pairs of young twins (average age of 7.6 years). Internal consistencies are high for all measures except Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices and Delayed Picture Memory. Two-month, test-retest reliabilities are also reported. The twin sample is representative in terms of both means and variances when compared to normative data from standardization samples, and twin correlations for height and weight are similar to those obtained in six other twin studies. Because all measures were highly correlated with age (average correlation with age was 0.64), scores were aged adjusted. Previous twin studies of specific cognitive abilities in adolescents and adults found genetic variance for nearly all tests. In contrast, our study of young twins yielded significant genetic influence for only 1 of the 11 measures, PIAT Reading Recognition, and suggested the possibility of genetic influence on 2 others (vocabulary and WISC-R mazes). Environmental influences seem to dominate, particularly for nonverbal measures, as children begin their education. In accord with other studies, we found that between-family environmental factors have an important influence on the development of nearly all of the measures of specific cognitive abilities. However, we found that our tests of perceptual speed and memory were substantially influenced by within-family environmental factors independent of error.

  17. Perspectives on decision making about human papillomavirus vaccination among 11- to 12-year-old girls and their mothers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffioen, Anne M; Glynn, Susan; Mullins, Tanya K; Zimet, Gregory D; Rosenthal, Susan L; Fortenberry, J Dennis; Kahn, Jessica A

    2012-06-01

    Introduction. The aims of this qualitative study were to explore (a) the factors influencing mothers' decisions to vaccinate 11- to 12-year-old daughters against human papillomavirus (HPV) and (b) the mothers' and daughters' perspectives about HPV vaccine-related decision making. Methods. Participants were girls (N = 33) who had received an HPV vaccine and their mothers (N = 32), recruited from suburban and urban pediatric practices. Semistructured interviews were conducted with girls and mothers separately, and data were analyzed using framework analysis. Results. The primary factors influencing mothers' decisions to vaccinate daughters against HPV were (a) mother's beliefs and experiences; (b) interactions with clinicians, friends, and family members; and (c) exposure to media reports/marketing. Most daughters believed the decision to be vaccinated was a mutual one, although most mothers believed the decision was theirs. Conclusions. This study provides novel insights into perspectives on decision making about HPV vaccination among mothers and 11- to12-year-old daughters, which can be used in interventions to improve vaccination rates.

  18. Prediction of Children's Academic Competence from Their Effortful Control, Relationships, and Classroom Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valiente, Carlos; Lemery-Chalfant, Kathryn; Swanson, Jodi; Reiser, Mark

    2008-01-01

    The authors examined the relations among children's effortful control, school relationships, classroom participation, and academic competence with a sample of 7- to 12-year-old children (N = 264). Parents and children reported on children's effortful control, and teachers and children reported on children's school relationships and classroom…

  19. Prevalence of Malocclusion among 10-12-year-old Schoolchildren in Kozhikode District, Kerala: An Epidemiological Study

    OpenAIRE

    Narayanan, Retna Kumari; Jeseem, MT; Kumar, TV Anupam

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Background: A malocclusion is an irregularity of the teeth or a malrelationship of the dental arches beyond the range of what is accepted as normal. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of malocclusion in children aged 10-12 years in Kozhikode district of Kerala, South India. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among schoolchildren aged 10-12 years in six schools in Kozhikode district of Kerala, South India. A total of 2,366 children satisfied ...

  20. Massive low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma presenting as acute respiratory distress in a 12-year-old girl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steiner, Michael A.; Giles, Henry W. [University of Mississippi, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Jackson, MS (United States); Daley, William P. [University of Mississippi, Department of Pathology, Jackson, MS (United States)

    2009-04-15

    Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a rare soft-tissue sarcoma that usually presents in young adults as a painless, slow-growing mass. Evans first described LGFMS in 1987 as a spindle-cell sarcoma with bland histological features and paradoxically aggressive behavior. Although young adults are most frequently affected, recent reports describe pediatric cases being increasingly more common. Males and females are affected approximately equally and common locations include the deep soft tissue of the lower extremity, particularly the thigh and trunk. Primary occurrence within the chest cavity is exceedingly rare. Local recurrence and metastasis are not uncommon and present the clinician and radiologist with challenges regarding follow-up recommendations. Review of the literature reveals many cases of slowly progressive symptoms related to a mass effect. We present a healthy 12-year-old African-American girl who interestingly developed acute symptoms of shortness of breath and chest pain while playing with her brother. (orig.)

  1. A case of a cholesterol granuloma occluding the external auditory canal in a 12-year-old girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Ji Sun; Kim, Mee-Seon; Lee, Kyu-Yup

    2014-09-01

    Cholesterol granulomas are benign granulomatous lesions caused by tissue reaction to a foreign body such as cholesterol crystals. These crystals have been are associated with pathological conditions of pneumatized spaces, including those causing inadequate aeration, obstruction of drainage, and hemorrhage in pneumatized spaces, and where materials trapping materials, such as hemosiderin or cholesterol become trapped, and then forming a cholesterol granuloma. Cholesterol granulomas are frequently found in the temporal bones, with the middle ear, mastoid caverna, and petrous apex being the most commonly affected sites. As there have been few reported cases of cholesterol granulomas presenting as a mass in the external acoustic canal (EAC), a cholesterol granuloma occluding the entire EAC in a pediatric patient is considered quite rare. We encountered a large cholesterol granuloma occupying the entire EAC, resulting in total EAC occlusion in a 12-year-old girl. The granuloma was diagnosed via medical imaging and surgically excised.

  2. Multinutrient supplement as treatment: literature review and case report of a 12-year-old boy with bipolar disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frazier, Elisabeth A; Fristad, Mary A; Arnold, L Eugene

    2009-08-01

    Early-onset bipolar disorder has significant morbidity and mortality. Development of safe, effective treatments to which patients will adhere is critical. Pharmacologic interventions for childhood bipolar spectrum disorders are limited and are associated with significant risk for adverse events. Diet and nutrition research suggests vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients are important underpinnings of general physical and mental health; furthermore, they may even be useful in treating mood dysregulation by providing a more favorable risk-benefit ratio than contemporary psychotropic agents. This article reviews the literature on multinutrient supplementation and mental health, and examines a case study of a 12-year-old boy with bipolar disorder and co-morbid diagnoses treated for 6 years with conventional medication and finally a multinutrient supplement. The multinutrient supplement in this case study is EMPowerplus (EMP+), a 36-ingredient supplement containing 16 minerals, 14 vitamins, 3 amino acids, and 3 antioxidants. It was used to treat a 12-year-old boy initially diagnosed with bipolar disorder not otherwise specified (BP-NOS) at age 6, and whose diagnosis evolved by age 10 to bipolar I (BP-I), mixed, with psychotic features. He also met criteria for generalized anxiety disorder by age 8 and obsessive-compulsive disorder by age 10. After 6 years of conventional treatment (ages 6-12), he received 14 months of EMP+. Symptom manifestation over 7 years is described in conjunction with treatment history. EMP+ resulted in outcome superior to conventional treatment. This report adds to accumulating preliminary evidence that further basic science and clinical studies of multinutrient supplements are warranted.

  3. Prevalence of Tics Among 6- to 12-Year-Old Schoolchildren in the Itagui Municipality, Colombia, in 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giraldo, Blair Ortiz; David, María; Sánchez, Yaneth; Miranda, Johanna; Sierra, Javier Mauricio; Cornejo, José William

    2013-11-01

    Tics are the most frequent movement disorder in children and they are most prevalent during the school-age years. Most tics are transitory; however, certain tics can be chronic, causing negative repercussions at school, within the family, and socially. In some cases, tics are associated with obsessive compulsive disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other conditions that require diagnosis and prompt treatment. In South America, there are no indexed studies determining the prevalence of tics in school-age children. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of tics in schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years. From 16 000 students aged 6 to 12 years who were enrolled in first to fifth grade, a sample of 346 school-aged children was chosen via a multistage sampling process that randomized the educational systems in terms of proportional size and the stratification between public and private schools and adjusted for the design effect. The students were screened and those who were positive for tics underwent clinical evaluations and semistructured interviews by the researchers to determine the prevalence of the disease. The parents and teachers of 323 students returned our surveys (93.3%). One hundred thirty-eight students (42.7%) were considered positive for tics based on parents' and teachers' reports. The clinical evaluation established a 17.97% prevalence of tics (58 students), and 25 students (43.2%) also met diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Of the students with tics, 27.6% presented with transitory tics, and 72.4% presented with chronic tics. Gilles de la Tourette syndrome was detected in 11 of the children (3.4%). The average age of child with tics was 9 ± 1.5 years, and the majority of the children with tics attended third grade at a basic primary school. Children from public and private schools were equally likely to present with tics. Tics are noteworthy in our field and are associated with other neurobehavioral disorders, such as

  4. Food habits, physical activities and sedentary lifestyles of eutrophic and obese school children: a case–control study

    OpenAIRE

    Vilchis-Gil, Jenny; Galván-Portillo, Marcia; Klünder-Klünder, Miguel; Cruz, Miguel; Flores-Huerta, Samuel

    2015-01-01

    Background Civilization has produced lifestyle changes; currently, people ingest more calories than are expended, resulting in obesity. This study assessed the association between dietary habits, physical activities, and sedentary behaviors and the risk of obesity in schoolchildren in Mexico City. Methods Of 1,441 children (6–12 years old) screened in elementary schools, 202 obese (BMI ≥95th pc) and 200 normal-weight children (BMI 25th- 75th pc), as defined by the 2000 CDC criteria, were incl...

  5. Sex Differences in Using Spatial and Verbal Abilities Influence Route Learning Performance in a Virtual Environment: A Comparison of 6- to 12-Year Old Boys and Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merrill, Edward C.; Yang, Yingying; Roskos, Beverly; Steele, Sara

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies have reported sex differences in wayfinding performance among adults. Men are typically better at using Euclidean information and survey strategies while women are better at using landmark information and route strategies. However, relatively few studies have examined sex differences in wayfinding in children. This research investigated relationships between route learning performance and two general abilities: spatial ability and verbal memory in 153 boys and girls between 6- to 12-years-old. Children completed a battery of spatial ability tasks (a two-dimension mental rotation task, a paper folding task, a visuo-spatial working memory task, and a Piagetian water level task) and a verbal memory task. In the route learning task, they had to learn a route through a series of hallways presented via computer. Boys had better overall route learning performance than did girls. In fact, the difference between boys and girls was constant across the age range tested. Structural equation modeling of the children’s performance revealed that spatial abilities and verbal memory were significant contributors to route learning performance. However, there were different patterns of correlates for boys and girls. For boys, spatial abilities contributed to route learning while verbal memory did not. In contrast, for girls both spatial abilities and verbal memory contributed to their route learning performance. This difference may reflect the precursor of a strategic difference between boys and girls in wayfinding that is commonly observed in adults. PMID:26941701

  6. The study of the character strengths in children: Relations with the psychological well-being, social desirability and personality

    OpenAIRE

    Aldana Sol Grinhauz

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to verify the existence of associations between character strengths, psychological welfare, social desirability and personality in children of 10 to12 years old. 518 children (254 boys and 263 girls) between 10 and 12 years old and attending public and private schools in the City of Buenos Aires (Argentina) participated on this study. The following were administered: a socio–demographic survey; a survey to assess the PERMA ́s access to welfare theory five elements, the Virtue...

  7. Factors Influencing Obesity on School-Aged Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soepardi Soedibyo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available School-aged children of 6-12 year old in big cities have less physical activities and relax life style. Fast food and soft drink consumed contain high calorie and protein of protein and carbohydrate sources. Obesity has impact on children’s growth and development especially on psychosocial aspect. The factors that play a role in supporting the obesity occurrence in children include socio-economic condition, behavior and life style and diet. A cross sectional descriptive –analytic study was conducted on elementary school students in Jakarta, to identify factors that play roles on obesity of school-aged children. (Med J Indones 2006; 15:43-54Keywords: childhood obesity, weight shape index, body mass index

  8. Primary Leiomyosarcoma of the Mandibular Alveolar Mucosa of a 12-Year-Old Child from Ethiopia: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenea, Tewodros Tefera; Kebede, Betel Abebe; Gozjuze, Fekadu Mesele; Kiros, Hagos; Wilde, Frank

    2017-03-01

    Leiomyosarcomas (LMSs) are rare malignant mesenchymal tumors which show smooth-muscle differentiation. Most LMSs involving the oral tissues primarily affect the maxillary sinus, the maxillary or mandibular bone. We present a case of LMS of the mandibular alveolar mucosa, arising in a 12-year-old male child from Ethiopia. A malignant spindle cell-like neoplasm was diagnosed on clinical and radiographic findings as well as on incisional biopsy. The tumor was resected with wide margins. The following histopathologic examination with additional immunohistochemical studies secured the diagnosis LMS. Microscopically, the spindle-shaped tumor cells were arranged in an interlacing fascicular pattern and contained oval to elongated, blunt-ended (cigar-shaped) nuclei. The immunohistochemical examination showed immunoreactive tumor cells for vimentin, actin, desmin, and H-caldesmon, which is pathognomonic for LMS. Immunohistochemical studies are mandatory to differentiate the LMS from other similar spindle cell neoplastic lesions. Radical resection with safety margins and a lifelong periodic follow-up has to be recommended.

  9. Bilateral distal radius fractures in a 12-year-old boy after household electrical shock: case report and literature summary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Norman; Karamitopoulos, Mara; Edelstein, David; Hashem, Jenifer; Tucci, James

    2014-01-01

    Background. Fracture resulting from household electric shock is uncommon. When it occurs, it is usually the result of a fall; however, electricity itself can cause sufficient tetany to produce a fracture. We present the case of bilateral fractures of the distal radii of a 12-year-old boy which were sustained after accidental shock. The literature regarding fractures after domestic electric shock is also reviewed. Methods. An Ovid-Medline search was conducted. The resultant articles and their bibliographies were surveyed for cases describing fractures resulting from a typical household-level voltage (110-220 V, 50-60 Hertz) and not a fall after the shock. Twenty-one articles describing 22 patients were identified. Results. Twenty-two cases were identified. Thirteen were unilateral injuries; 9 were bilateral. Proximal humerus fractures were most frequent (8 cases), followed by scapula fractures (7 cases), forearm fractures (4 cases), femoral neck fractures (2 cases), and vertebral body fracture (1 case). Eight of the 22 cases were diagnosed days to weeks after the injury. Conclusions. Fracture after electric shock is uncommon. It should be suspected in patients with persistent pain, particularly in the shoulder or forearm area. Distal radius fractures that occur during electrocution are likely due to tetany.

  10. Posterior Nutcracker Syndrome with Left Renal Vein Duplication: A Rare Cause of Haematuria in a 12-Year-Old Boy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Preza Fernandes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The nutcracker syndrome (NCS is a rare cause of haematuria. It embraces an extended nonpathognomonic spectrum of symptoms that imply a difficult diagnosis. Ultimately it may be associated with substantial morbidity and even life-threatening events. We report a rare cause if a 12-year-old boy who presented with a history of frequent intermittent episodes of painless constant haematuria. The cystoscopy showed a bloody urine ejaculate from the left ureter meatus. The Doppler ultrasonography showed turbulent pattern of venous blood flow of the posterior renal vein branch behind the aorta. The abdominopelvic computer tomography (apCT revealed left renal vein (LRV duplication with a dilated retroaortic branch, entrapped between the aorta and the vertebral column, promoting the renal nutcracker syndrome. The patient was initially hospitalized and managed with oral iron supplements and continuous saline bladder irrigation, not requiring additional treatment. The child is currently asymptomatic, with haemoglobin value returning to normal and therefore proposed to conservative management with close followup. The authors present a case report of episodic haematuria caused by a rare entity—posterior nutcracker syndrome with renal vein duplication.

  11. Adverse health effects of experiencing food insecurity among Greenlandic school children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niclasen, B.; Petzold, M.; Schnohr, C. W.

    2013-01-01

    Background. In vulnerable populations, food security in children has been found to be associated with negative health effects. Still, little is known about whether the negative health effects can be retrieved in children at the population level. Objective. To examine food insecurity reported...... by Greenlandic school children as a predictor for perceived health, physical symptoms and medicine use. Design. The study is based on the Greenlandic part of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children survey. The 2010 survey included 2,254 students corresponding to 40% of all Greenlandic school children...... in Grade 5 through 10. The participation rate in the participating schools was 65%. Food insecurity was measured as going to bed or to school hungry because there was no food at home. Results. Boys, the youngest children (11-12 year-olds), and children from low affluence homes were at increased risk...

  12. Building Hope in Our Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marques, Susana C.; Lopez, Shane J.

    2011-01-01

    This article begins with a 12-year-old girl's story that serves as an example of how "caring coaches" in the schools contribute greatly in helping schools become hopeful places for children. Helping students become more hopeful is rewarding for the students, teachers, school psychologists, counselors, parents, and other caring adults. Twenty years…

  13. Dental fluorosis: prevalence and associated factors in 12-year-old schoolchildren in Goiânia, Goiás

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    Lidia Moraes Ribeiro Jordão

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of dental fluorosis, to investigate its association with individual and contextual variables among 12-year-old schoolchildren, and to determine whether there were changes in the prevalence of this condition from 2003 to 2010.METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from an oral health survey carried out in Goiânia, Goiás, in 2010 (n = 2,075, and secondary data from the files of the local health authority. Clinical data were collected through oral examinations in public and private schools. The dependent variable was the presence of dental fluorosis, assessed using the Dean Index. The independent individual variables were sociodemographic characteristics (the child's gender and race, and the mother's level of schooling and those related to clinical conditions (caries experience, evaluated using Decayed, Missing, and Filled teeth index; and presence of periodontal calculus and/or bleeding, evaluated using Community Periodontal Index. The contextual variables were linked to the school (type and existence of toothbrushing program and its geographic location in the city's health districts. The Rao-Scott test was performed, and the percentage difference between the prevalences in the period from 2003 to 2010 was calculated.RESULTS: The prevalence of dental fluorosis in 2010 was 18.7%, being distributed as very mild (11.2%, mild (4.4%, moderate (2.6%, and severe (0.5%. No significant association was found between prevalence of dental fluorosis and the investigated variables. The prevalence of fluorosis increased 230% from 2003 to 2010, and such difference was significant.CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dental fluorosis was low, predominantly of the very mild degree, has increased over a 7-year period, and was not associated with the individual or contextual factors studied.

  14. The associations between peak O2 consumption and leptin in 10- to 12-year-old boys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cicchella, Antonio; Stefanelli, Claudio; Purge, Priit; Lätt, Evelin; Saar, Meeli; Jürimäe, Toivo

    2013-07-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the associations of circulating levels of leptin with the peak O(2) consumption (VO(2)peak ) in 10- to 12-year-old boys of different BMI selected by Cole et al. (BMJ, 320,2000,1-6): total group (n = 248), normal (n = 190), overweight (n = 34) and obese (n = 24). We hypothesized that there is a close relationship in overweight and obese subgroups of boys with relative VO(2)peak kg (-1) (ml min(-1) kg(-1)) and leptin. Most of the subjects were Tanner stage 2. Peak O(2) consumption was measured directly using an increasing incremental protocol until volitional exhaustion on an electronically braked cycle ergometer. The expired gas was sampled continuously breadth-by-breadth mode for the measurement of oxygen consumption (MetaMax, Germany). Blood samples were obtained after an overnight fast from an antecubital vein for leptin measurements. Peak O(2) consumption (l min(-1)) was higher or lower (ml min(-1) kg(-1)) in overweight and obese groups, compared with normal BMI group. Leptin was higher in overweight and obese groups, compared with normal BMI group. Peak O(2) consumption (l min(-1)) correlated significantly with leptin only in total group (n = 248, r = 0·196). Contrary, relative VO(2)peak kg (-1) correlated significantly and negatively with leptin. The relationship was highest on the total group (r = -0·674). We can conclude that leptin first of all correlated negatively with relative peak O(2) consumption. Absolute VO(2)peak correlated with leptin only in total group.

  15. Perfil epidemiológico de cárie dentária em crianças de 12 anos de idade, residentes em cidades fluoretadas e não fluoretadas, na Região Centro-Oeste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil An epidemiological profile of dental caries in 12-year-old children residing in cities with and without fluoridated water supply in the central western area of the State of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvia Helena de Carvalho Sales-Peres

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo pautou em analisar o perfil epidemiológico de cárie dentária na Região Centro-Oeste do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil, em crianças de 12 anos de idade, segundo o gênero, comparando o índice CPOD em municípios fluoretados e não fluoretados. Foram utilizados os dados do Levantamento Epidemiológico do Estado de São Paulo - 1998, referentes à Direção Regional de Saúde - DIR X, representada por oito municípios. A amostra foi composta por 485 escolares, de ambos os gêneros, distribuídos pelos municípios. Os resultados demonstraram que na cidade de Pederneiras (médio porte, com flúor o CPOD foi igual a 7,06, valor maior do que o encontrado no Brasil em 1986. A maior prevalência de cárie dentária ocorreu nos meninos, quando comparados às meninas, demonstrando uma nova tendência à cárie dentária na região centro-oeste. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre CPOD de municípios de mesmo porte, independente da presença ou ausência de flúor na água, sugerindo o fenômeno da convergência. Possivelmente, pela ação da ingestão de outras fontes de flúor e a presença do efeito "halo". A prevalência de cárie na região esteve "alta", com CPOD igual a 4,82, não atingindo as metas para o ano 2000.This study aimed to analyze the epidemiological profile of dental caries in the central western region of the State of São Paulo, Brazil, focusing on 12-year-old children by gender, comparing the DMFT index in fluoridated and non-fluoridated cities. The study used data from the Epidemiological Surveys in the State of São Paulo, 1998, pertaining to the 10th Regional Health Directorate, including 8 cities. The sample consisted of 485 schoolchildren, both boys and girls, distributed by city. In Pederneiras (a medium-sized city with a fluoridated water supply, DMFT was 7.06, higher than the Brazilian national mean for 1986. Boys showed a higher prevalence of dental caries than girls, showing

  16. Video modeling and imaging training on performance of tennis service of 9- to 12-year-old children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atienza, F L; Balaguer, I; García-Merita, M L

    1998-10-01

    The purpose of this work is to analyze, in a pilot study, the effects of video modeling and imagery training over 24 weeks on tennis service performance. Three groups of 9- to 12-yr.-old tennis players participated: (a) a physical practice group, who received physical training, (b) a physical practice + video group who received physical training plus watched a video modeling mental training, and (c) a physical practice + video + imagery group who received physical training plus video modeling and imagery mental training. The results for the intragroup pre-post-test comparisons showed that tennis performance did not significantly improve for the physical training group. The groups given mental training showed improvement from pre- to postintervention. Finally, the posttest comparison between groups indicated that there were significant differences between the group given physical training only compared to the groups given mental training but that the latter two did not differ significantly from each other.

  17. Comparative evaluation of hand wrist radiographs with cervical vertebrae for skeletal maturation in 10-12 years old children

    OpenAIRE

    Kamal M.; Ragini; Goyal S

    2006-01-01

    A comparative evaluation of hand wrist and cervical vertebrae was done to know the validity of cervical vertebrae as maturity indicators. A sample of 50 subjects (25 females and 25 males) in the age group of 10-12 years were selected on criteria of normal occlusion and the result showed that cervical vertebrae can be used with the same confidence as hand wrist radiographs to evaluate skeletal maturity, thus avoiding the need for an additional radiograph.

  18. Comparative evaluation of hand wrist radiographs with cervical vertebrae for skeletal maturation in 10-12 years old children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal M

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available A comparative evaluation of hand wrist and cervical vertebrae was done to know the validity of cervical vertebrae as maturity indicators. A sample of 50 subjects (25 females and 25 males in the age group of 10-12 years were selected on criteria of normal occlusion and the result showed that cervical vertebrae can be used with the same confidence as hand wrist radiographs to evaluate skeletal maturity, thus avoiding the need for an additional radiograph.

  19. The development of the illusion of control and sense of agency in 7- to-12-year old children and adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Elk, M.; Rutjens, B.T.; van der Pligt, J.

    2015-01-01

    The illusion of control can be defined as the erroneous belief that one’s actions cause a specific outcome, whereas sense of agency refers to the subjective feeling of authorship over one’s actions. In the present study we investigated the development of illusory control and sense of agency. A novel

  20. The Association Between the Physical Environment of Primary Schools and Active School Transport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kann, D.H.H. van; Kremers, S.P.J.; Gubbels, J.S.; Bartelink, N.H.M.; Vries, S.I. de; Vries, N.K. de; Jansen, M.W.J.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between the physical environment characteristics of primary schools and active school transport among 3,438 5- to 12-year-old primary school children in the Netherlands. The environmental characteristics were categorized into four theory-based clusters (function,

  1. Teaching Physics in the first years of Elementary School to children with ADHD

    CERN Document Server

    Capossoli, Eduardo Folco; Fernandes, Sandro Soares

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we report on a Science Fair activity developed at Colegio Pedro II, a traditional Brazilian school, with a group of eight 8-12 years old Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) students. ADHD is usually a condition associated with underachievement at school. As part of working toward scientific literacy for students, we explored the idea of conservation of energy based on STS paradigm. At the same time, the learning experience was designed to stimulate children's poor executive function, or, more specifically, their ability to manage time and planning future tasks.

  2. Overweight and school performance among primary school children: the PIAMA birth cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veldwijk, Jorien; Fries, Marieke C E; Bemelmans, Wanda J E; Haveman-Nies, Annemien; Smit, Henriëtte A; Koppelman, Gerard H; Wijga, Alet H

    2012-03-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the association between overweight and school performance among primary school children prospectively and including a broad range of potential confounding factors. In addition it was investigated what factors mediate this association. For this purpose, data of 2,159 12-year-old children who participated in the Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy (PIAMA) birth cohort study were used. Two indicators of school performance were parental reported when children were 12 years of age and included (i): the score on a standardized achievement test that Dutch children have to complete at the end of their primary education (Cito)-test and (ii): the teacher's advice regarding a child's potential performance level in secondary education. Children's height and weight were measured by a trained research assistant at the age of 8 and by their parents at the age of 12. Overweight was defined using age and gender specific cut-off points. Multivariate regression analyses were performed to assess the association between overweight and school performance. Besides, both confounder and mediation analyses were conducted. Results showed lower Cito-test scores and lower teacher's school-level advice among overweight children. These associations were no longer significant when adjusting for parental educational level, skipping breakfast, and screen time. This study found no independent association between overweight and school performance among primary school children. Results showed strong confounding by parental educational level.

  3. Factors associated with commencing smoking in 12-year-old students in Catalonia (Spain: a cross-sectional population-based study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basora Josep

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the last decade notable progress has been made in developed countries on monitoring smoking although experimenting with cigarettes and smoking in young people remains a serious public health problem. This paper reports a cross-sectional study at the beginning of the 3-year follow-up community study TA_BES. The aim was to study the prevalence of smoking in addition to determining predictive factors for when smoking commences in a representative population of 12-year-old first year compulsory secondary education students. Methods Twenty-nine secondary schools (N = 29 from an area of Catalonia participated in the study. In these schools 2245 students answered a questionnaire to study the attitudes, behaviors, and tobacco consumption in the subject's surrounding circle and family in relation to smoking; carbon monoxide measurements were taken by means of co-oximetry on 2 different occasions. A smoker was defined as a student who had smoked daily or occasionally in the last 30 days. For non-smokers the criteria of not considering was set up for those who answered that in the future they would not be smokers and considering those who answered that they did not rule out becoming a smoker in the future. Results Among the total 2245 students included in the analysis 157(7% were classified as smokers. Among non-smokers we differentiated between those not considering smoking 1757 (78.3% and those considering smoking 288 (12.8%. Age is among the factors related to commencing smoking. The risk of becoming a smoker increases 2.27 times/year. The influence of the group of friends with a very high risk for boys OR 149.5 and lower, albeit high, in girls OR 38.1. Tobacco consumption of parents produces different effects in young people. A smoking father does not produce alterations in the smoking behavior of young people. However having a smoking mother or former smoking is a risk factor for boys and a protective factor for girls. We

  4. Age-related differences in brain electrical activity during extended continuous face recognition in younger children, older children and adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.W. van Strien (Jan); J.C. Glimmerveen (Johanna C.); I.H.A. Franken (Ingmar); V.E. Martens (Vanessa E.G.); E.A. de Bruin (Eveline)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractTo examine the development of recognition memory in primary-school children, 36 healthy younger children (8-9years old) and 36 healthy older children (11-12years old) participated in an ERP study with an extended continuous face recognition task (Study 1). Each face of a series of 30 fac

  5. Age-Related Differences in Brain Electrical Activity during Extended Continuous Face Recognition in Younger Children, Older Children and Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Strien, Jan W.; Glimmerveen, Johanna C.; Franken, Ingmar H. A.; Martens, Vanessa E. G.; de Bruin, Eveline A.

    2011-01-01

    To examine the development of recognition memory in primary-school children, 36 healthy younger children (8-9 years old) and 36 healthy older children (11-12 years old) participated in an ERP study with an extended continuous face recognition task (Study 1). Each face of a series of 30 faces was shown randomly six times interspersed with…

  6. [Prevalence of first permanent molar loss in 6 to 12-year-old students of both sexes in Ribeirão Preto].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferlin, L H; Daruge, A D; Daruge, R J; Rancan, S V

    1989-01-01

    The authors study the prevalence of lost of the first permanent molars in 6 to 12 years old schoolchildren of medium and low social-economic levels, in both sexes, from Ribeirão Preto, SP., on right and left hemiarcs, and both maxilars. The results indicate that teeth los was significantly higher in females, and in both sexes the teeth lost was higher in the lower maxilar. No differences were also observed between hemiarchs.

  7. Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

    2007-01-01

    Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

  8. An attempt to motivate improved sugar discipline in a 12-year-old high caries-risk group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wikner, S

    1986-02-01

    Twelve-yr-old high caries-risk children were identified by a low buffer capacity and high lactobacillus counts in stimulated saliva. A defined and standardized counselling technic was used, by which the children were recommended to reduce their sugar consumption. Seven weeks later the lactobacillus count in saliva was reduced to an acceptable level in 79%. The caries increment decreased by 66% over 1 yr.

  9. Interrelation between Obesity, Oral Health, and Life-Style Factors among Turkish School Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cinar, Ayse Basak; Murtomaa, Heikki

    2011-01-01

    Obesity, dental caries, and periodontal diseases are among major public health concerns which may affect children's growth and development. This study seeks any clustering between obesity, oral health, and life-style factors among school children in Istanbul, Turkey. A cross-sectional study...... children. A need exists for addressing obesity, oral health, and nutrition jointly in health promotion strategies to improve children's well-being and empower good life-style factors....... of children, 10- to 12-year-olds, from a public and a private school was undertaken withquestionnaires for children and their mothers and childoral health data, in Istanbul (n = 611). DMFS (number of decayed, missing, and filled surfaces of permanent teeth), CPI (Community Periodontal Index), body mass index...

  10. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among school going children of Pondicherry, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saravanan, S; Anuradha, K P; Bhaskar, D J

    2003-03-01

    Dental caries is an important Dental public Health problem. Its high morbidity potential has brought this disease into the focus of dental health professionals. The purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among 5 and 12 years old school children of urban Pondicherry. The study population consisted of 2022 school children of both the sexes, (1009, 5-year-old children) and (1013, 12-year-old children). A simple random sampling method was used to select the schools. Dental caries was assessed by Dentition Status and Treatment Needs described by WHO (1997). The prevalence of dental caries was 44.4% in 5 years age group with 47.4% for males (mean dmft = 1.91 +/- 2.64 S.D.) and 41.1% for females (mean dmft = 1.45 +/- 2.18 S.D.). In 12 years age group the prevalence of dental caries was 22.3% with 20.6% for males (mean DMFT = 0.40 +/- 0.94 S.D.) and 24.1% for females (mean DMFT = 0.55 +/- 1.15 S.D). Evaluation of treatment needs revealed that the greatest need was for one surface restorations followed by two or more surface restorations. It may be concluded that FDI/WHO Oral Health Goals for the year 2000 have been achieved for the ages 5-6 and 12 years in Pondicherry.

  11. Parental Mediation of Children's Emotional Responses to a Violent News Event

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buijzen, M.A.; Walma van der Molen, J.H.; Sondij, P.

    2007-01-01

    In a survey among 451 elementary school children (8 to 12 years old), the authors investigate (a) to what extent children's exposure to news coverage of a violent news event is related to their feelings of fear, worry, anger, and sadness and (b) to what extent active (i.e., helping children understa

  12. Enhanced Recognition and Recall of New Words in 7- and 12-Year-Olds Following a Period of Offline Consolidation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Helen; Weighall, Anna; Henderson, Lisa M.; Gaskell, M. Gareth

    2012-01-01

    Recent studies of adults have found evidence for consolidation effects in the acquisition of novel words, but little is known about whether such effects are found developmentally. In two experiments, we familiarized children with novel nonwords (e.g., "biscal") and tested their recognition and recall of these items. In Experiment 1, 7-year-olds…

  13. School-Age Children Obesity in Rural Communities with International Migration in Central Mexico.

    OpenAIRE

    Carmona González, Maricela; Viczcarra Bordi., Ivonne

    2009-01-01

    The objective of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of obesity in school children between 6 and 12 years old. The study was carried out in communities with international migration tradition in the south of the Mexico state. Changes on food habits and life style were also evaluated. The Index of Corporal Mass (ICM) of 276 students was recorded. The 276 students were divided into two groups according to migrant or non-migrant father and by gender to identify differences between groups. Pa...

  14. 上海市金山区12岁学生恒牙龋病调查分析%Epidemiology of Dental Caries in Permanent Teeth among 12-Year-Old Students in .Iinshan District of Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓颖; 伍平群; 沈国荣

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the incidence and the risk factors of dental caries in permanent teeth among 12-year-old students in Jinshan district of Shanghai. Methods: A total of 4 052 students aged 12 in 27 middle schools in Jinshan district have been enrolled. All of them were examined for dental caries in permanent teeth. They also received a questionnaire survey,which included demographics data,oral health behaviors,dietary habits,etc. Results: The prevalence rate of dental caries was 30. 16% for permanent teeth among 12-year-old students in Jinshan district of Shanghai. The mean of decayed,missing and filled tooth(DMFT),significant caries index(SiC) and filling rate were 0. 46,1. 61 and 43. 55% > respectively. The prevalence rate of dental caries was higher in females than in males. Those students who brushed tooth less than twice per day and who enjoy sweet food and bedtime snack were at high risk for dental caries . Conclusions; The incidence of dental caries among 12-year-old students in Jinshan district of Shanghai showed a polarized distribution. It is important to take measures to prevent dental caries in high-risk population.%目的:了解上海市金山区12岁学生恒牙龋病的患病情况及其影响因素.方法:2010年对金山区27所中学的4052例12岁学生进行全口恒牙牙冠龋病情况检查,并进行问卷调查.问卷内容包括人口统计学资料、口腔卫生习惯和饮食习惯等.结果:上海市金山区12岁学生恒牙患龋率、龋均、龋齿充填率分别为30.16%、0.46和43.55%,显著性龋均指数(significant caries index,SiC)为1.61.女性学生、日刷牙频率小于2次、喜欢吃甜食、睡前吃零食者患龋率较高.结论:上海市金山区12岁学生恒牙龋患呈两级化分布,应进一步完善高危人群的龋病预防保健措施.

  15. Relative Weights of the Backpacks of Elementary-Aged Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Benjamin P.; Bryant, Judith B.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to describe the range of relative backpack weights of one group of elementary-aged children and the extent to which they exceeded recommended levels. A second purpose was to explore whether gender and age help predict the relative weight of children's backpacks. Ninety-five 8- to 12-year-old elementary school students…

  16. Cephalometric analysis of hard and soft tissues in a 12-year-old syndromic child: A case report and update on dentofacial features of Crouzon syndrome

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    K Nagaraju

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Crouzon syndrome or craniofacial dysostosis is a rare syndrome characterized by craniosynostosis, midfacial hypoplasia and exophthalmia. The abnormalities found in this syndrome change too much from case to case depending on the suture fusion order. We report a case of a 12 year old child and a mother showing variations in the dentofacial tissues clinically and radiographically. Subsequently, the application of digital software [Dolphin Imaging 11] enabled us to solve out the case as Crouzon syndrome by analyzing the skeletal and soft tissue alterations. An update of the effects of this syndrome on various systems and dentofacial features with emphasis on tooth abnormalities is documented.

  17. Relations among Basic Psychological Needs, PE-Motivation and Fundamental Movement Skills in 9-12-Year-Old Boys and Girls in Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Aart, I.; Hartman, E.; Elferink-Gemser, M.; Mombarg, R.; Visscher, C.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Many children aged 9-12 appear to have low levels of fundamental movement skills (FMS). Physical education (PE) is important because PE-teachers can teach children a variety of FMS and can influence PE-motivation. However, declined levels of PE-motivation are reported in the final grades of elementary school. Therefore, more insight in…

  18. Dental caries and dental fluorosis in 7-12-year-old schoolchildren in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil Cárie e fluorose dentária em escolares de 7 a 12 anos de idade em Catalão, Goiás, Brasil

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    Priscila Ariede Petinuci Bardal

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Over the last two decades, the prevalence of dental caries in children has decreased and the prevalence of dental fluorosis has increased. Knowledge on the epidemiologic conditions of a population is fundamental for the planning of health programs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dental caries and dental fluorosis among schoolchildren, in Catalão, Goiás, Brazil. METHODS: A random sample of 432 schoolchildren aged 7-12-years old was obtained. WHO (1997 criteria for dental caries and fluorosis diagnosis were used. RESULTS: The DMFT indexes were 0.97; 1.20; 1.80; 1.62; 2.40 and 2.51 for 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 years old, respectively. Analysis of dental fluorosis for the same ages presented higher prevalence at 12 years old and for the female gender. The percentage of questionable dental fluorosis (Dean's classification was 34.0%. Only 3% of the sample presented dental fluorosis with scores very mild, mild and moderate. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of caries in schoolchildren of Catalão, Goiás, Brazil, was low. In average, private schools showed better results than public schools; however, all schools presented a low DMFT index. In this study, dental fluorosis is not a public health problem and has not damaged dental esthetics.INTRODUÇÃO: Nas últimas duas décadas, a prevalência de cárie dentária tem diminuído e a prevalência de fluorose dentária tem aumentado. Para se planejar programas de saúde é fundamental conhecer o perfil epidemiológico das populações. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência de cárie dentária e fluorose dentária em escolares do município de Catalão, Goiás, Brasil. MÉTODOS: A amostra randomizada foi composta por 432 escolares de 7 a 12 anos de idade. Os critérios utilizados para determinar a prevalência de cárie dentária e fluorose seguiram a metodologia proposta pela OMS, 1997. RESULTADOS: Os valores do Índice CPOD foram de 0,97; 1,20; 1,80; 1,62; 2,40 e 2,51 para as idades de

  19. The Prevalence of Anxiety and its related Factors among School-age Children in South West of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Zeinab Banaeipour; Shahnaz Rostami; Kourosh Zarea; Bahman Cheraghian

    2016-01-01

    Background Anxiety is one of the most common childhood disorders, so it is necessary to explore extend and its related factors in the students. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of anxiety and the related factors of anxiety among the children aged 9-12 years. Materials and Methods At a descriptive-analytic study 623 children aged 9-12 year- old who were studying in the fourth to sixth grade of elementary school in Dezful city, were selected through multistage random samplin...

  20. Comparison of some physical and physiologic properties of soccer players and badminton players of 10-12 years old group

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    Recep Kürkçü

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is aimed to compare some physical characteristics and physiological characteristics of adult footballer and badminton players. The subjects of the study were footballer (18 boys and were badminton players (12 boys who were volunteer at primary school in Şanlıurfa. The volunteers', took part in this study, age, height and the body weight average is determined like this respectively:  Footballers: 11,77 ± 0,54 yıl, 151,40 ± 7,35 cm, 41,83 ± 10,27 kgBadminton players: ise11,58 ± 0,66 yıl, 147,37 ± 8,05 cm, 39,08 ± 9,56 kg    Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, VC, FVC, FEV1 sit-reach 30 meters sprint and left-right hand gripping strength of subjects were measured. The differences between findings which were obtained by measurements from footballers and badminton players were considered with using "t-test" on SPSS Windows 11.     According to the data, differences between age, height, body weight average, diastolic blood pressure VC, FVC, FEV1, sit-reach 30 meters sprint and left hand gripping strength were obtained pointless, in the mean time relaxing heart rate, and sit-reach test (P<0.01, systolic blood pressure and right hand gripping strength values were obtained purposeful on (P<0.05 level.     In conclusion,  physical and physiological characteristics of footballers and badminton players were affected by their sport branch furthermore, relaxing heart rate, systolic blood pressure, sit -reach 30 meters sprint, right hand gripping strength performance of footballers were obtained preferable.

  1. Declínio de cárie em escolares de 12 anos da rede pública de Goiânia, Goiás, Brasil, no período de 1988 a 2003 Caries decline in 12 year-old schoolchildren from Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil between 1988 and 2003

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    Sandra Cristina Guimarães Bahia Reis

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS:Investigar a prevalência e severidade da cárie dentária em crianças de 12 anos em Goiânia no período 1988-2003. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados os dados de todos os levantamentos epidemiológicos realizados em escolares de 12 anos de escolas públicas do município em 1988, 1994, 1998 e 2003, obtidos a partir de fontes secundárias. Goiânia possui água fuoretada desde 1985. As variáveis incluídas na análise foram a prevalência de indivíduos livres de cárie (CPOD=0 e a severidade da cárie através do Índice CPOD. RESULTADOS:O percentual de escolares livres de cárie teve um aumento de 21% de 1994 (10% a 2003 (31%. Houve uma redução de 70,6% na média do índice CPOD de 1988 a 2003. As médias foram 8,3 em 1989, 4,59 em 1994, 3,07 em 1998 e 2,43 em 2003. Em todos os levantamentos os principais componentes foram os cariados (predomínio em 1988 e 2003 e os obturados (predomínio em 1994 e 1998. No período de 1988 a 2003 houve redução de 81,9% na média do componente cariado, 66,7% do perdido por cárie e 31,8% do obturado. CONCLUSÃO:Houve queda acentuada na prevalência e severidade da cárie dentária em escolares de 12 anos da rede pública em Goiânia no período 1988-2003, seguindo a tendência nacional.OBJECTIVE:to investigate the trends in the prevalence and severity of dental caries in 12-year-old schoolchildren between 1988 and 2003. METHODS:The study included secondary data of all epidemiological surveys carried out in 12-year-old children attending public schools in Goiânia, Brazil in 1988, 1994, 1998, and 2003. The city has had fluoridated water since 1985. Variables analyzed were prevalence of caries-free individuals (DMFT=0 and caries severity using the DMFT index. RESULTS:Percentage of caries-free schoolchildren increased 21% from 1994 to 2003. Mean DMFT index decreased 70% from 1988 to 2003. Mean values were 8.3 in 1989, 4.59 in 1994, 3.07 in 1998, and 2.43 in 2003. In all surveys the main components were

  2. Hand Hygiene Program Decreases School Absenteeism Due to Upper Respiratory Infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azor-Martinez, Ernestina; Cobos-Carrascosa, Elena; Seijas-Vazquez, Maria Luisa; Fernández-Sánchez, Carmen; Strizzi, Jenna M.; Torres-Alegre, Pilar; Santisteban-Martínez, Joaquin; Gimenez-Sanchez, Francisco

    2016-01-01

    Background: We assessed the effectiveness of a handwashing program using hand sanitizer to prevent school absenteeism due to upper respiratory infections (URIs). Methods: This was a randomized, controlled, and open study on a sample of 1341 children 4-12 years old, attending 5 state schools in Almería (Spain), with an 8-month follow-up. The…

  3. Outcomes of Parental Use of Psychological Aggression on Children: A Structural Model from Sri Lanka

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Zoysa, Piyanjali; Newcombe, Peter A.; Rajapakse, Lalini

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study was to explore the existence and, if so, the nature of the association between parental use of psychological aggression and psychological maladjustment in a 12-year-old Sri Lankan school population. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select 1,226 children from Colombo district schools. Three instruments,…

  4. PREVALENCIA DE RELACIONES SEXUALES EN ESTUDIANTES DE SECUNDARIA ENTRE 10 Y 12 AñOS SANTA MARTA - COLOMBIA Prevalence of sexual intercourse in students of secondary between 10 and 12 years old in Santa Marta Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Augusto Ceballos

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: la edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales ha disminuido en forma gradual durante las últimas décadas. Sin embargo, no conocemos la prevalencia de relaciones sexuales en estudiantes de secundaria entre 10 y 12 años. Objetivo: establecer la prevalencia de relaciones sexuales en niños y niñas estudiantes de bachillerato entre 10 y 12 años de la ciudad de Santa Marta, Colombia. Material y métodos: una muestra de 298 estudiantes de secundaria, con una edad promedio de 11.5 (DE 0.65, de tres colegios privados escogidos por conveniencia, diligenció en forma anónima una encuesta sobre comportamiento sexual. Mediante un modelo de regresión logística, con el ajuste por posibles variables de confusión, se establecieron los factores protectores para no haber tenido relaciones sexuales. Resultados. La prevalencia de relaciones sexuales fue 7.7% (IC95% 4.7-10.7. Se identificaron como factores protectores significativos no haber fumado (OR 0.12, IC95% 0.04-0.41, no haber consumido alcohol (OR 0.06, IC95% 0.01-0.48 y ser de género femenino (OR 0.22, IC95% 0.07-0.76. Conclusión. Uno de cada 13 estudiantes de bachillerato entre 10 y 12 años informó haber tenido relaciones sexuales. La prevalencia es menor en quienes nunca han fumado o consumido alcohol y en el grupo femenino.Background: the age of starting sexual intercourse has decreased in last decades. However, we do not know the prevalence of sexual relationship in middle-school students aged 10-12 years old. Objective: to establish the prevalence of sexual relationship in middle-school boys and girls students aged 10-12 years old in Santa MartaColombia. Materials and method: a sample of 298 middle-school students, with an average age of 11.5 (DE 0.65, of three private schools were chosen by convenience; these students completed an anonymous survey about sexual behaviors. Logistic regression was used to identify protector factors that were related to not have had sexual

  5. School screening and point prevalence of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in 4000 Norwegian children aged 12 years

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    Brox Jens

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background School screening for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS is discussed. The aim of the present study was to describe the point prevalence of AIS and to evaluate the effectiveness of school screening in 12-year- old children. Methods Community nurses and physical therapists in the Southern Health region of Norway including about 12000 school children aged 12 years were invited to participate. All participating community nurses and physical therapists fulfilled an educational course to improve their knowledge about AIS and learn the screening procedure including the Adam Forward Bending Test and measurement of gibbus using a scoliometer. Results Sub-regions including 4000 school children participated. The prevalence of idiopathic scoliosis defined as a positive Adam Forward Bending Test, gibbus > 7° and primary major curve on radiographs > 10°, was 0.55%. Five children (0.13% had a major curve > 20°. Bracing was not indicated in any child; all children were post menarche; four had Risser sign of 4, and one with Risser 1 did not have curve progression > 5° at later follow-up. In one of these 5 children however, the major curve progressed to 45° within 7 months after screening and the girl was operated. Conclusion The point prevalence of AIS in 12- year old children is in agreement or slightly lower than previous studies. The screening model employed demonstrates acceptable sensitivity and specificity and low referral rates. Screening at the age of 12 years only was not effective for detecting patients with indication for brace treatment.

  6. Reading comprehension among typically developing Swedish-speaking 10-12-year-olds: examining subgroups differentiated in terms of language and decoding skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asberg, Jakob; Carlsson, Marika; Oderstam, Ann-Marie; Miniscalco, Carmela

    2010-12-01

    Based on data from 156 typically developing 10-12-year-olds from Sweden, reading comprehension skills were studied in three subgroups: those classified with specific poor word decoding skills (n = 10), those with specific poor language comprehension (n = 12), and those with mixed difficulties in word decoding and language comprehension (n = 11). The mixed poor group achieved significantly lower scores than both specific groups in reading comprehension, and was the only group displaying poor reading comprehension test results relative to the performance of the full sample. Results are indicative of the necessity of a combined effect of poor word decoding and language in reading comprehension difficulties for this group. Implications and limitations are discussed.

  7. Ungual fibroma in 12-year-old boy with hypomelanotic macules, intellectual disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder—possible tuberous sclerosis

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    Nedeljka Glavan

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To report a case of a 12-year-old boy with intellectual disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, who came to surgery for an examination due to a minor bulge on the left thumb, which had been growing for the previous month. His mother denied any trauma. Methods: After the removal of the clinically ambiguous bulge and a pathohistological confirmation that it was a periungual fibroma, complete patient analysis was performed due to the presence of hypomelanotic macules and a suspected tuberous sclerosis. Results: Considering the presence of hypomelanotic macules, as one of the main criteria, possible TS diagnosis was set. Conclusion: Early detection of the symptoms of TS enables a timely provision of protocols for further patient monitoring, which affects the patient’s morbidity and mortality.

  8. A microcystic adnexal carcinoma in the auditory canal 15 years after radiotherapy of a 12-year-old boy with nasopharynx carcinoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beer, K.T.; Buehler, S.S.; Greiner, R. [Dept. of Radiation Oncology, Inselspital, Univ. of Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Mullis, P. [Dept. of Pediatric Endocrinology, Inselspital, Univ. of Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Laeng, R.H. [Inst. of Pathology, Kantosspital Aarau, Aarau (Switzerland)

    2005-06-01

    Background: radiogenic malignancies require cure of the primary disease and a prolonged survival. The introduction of high-volt technology in the 1950s and 1960s made radical radiotherapy feasible and successful in terms of higher cure rates and longer survival. We are already in a time when a higher number of patients with radiogenic secondary malignancies must be expected. Case report: a 12-year-old boy is reported who suffered from an advanced nasopharynx carcinoma and was treated with radical irradiation in 1983. 15 years later he developed a rare microcystic adnexal carcinoma of the auditory canal inside the volume of the target dose. The secondary malignant neoplasm was resected and required another radiation treatment (1 Gy b.i.d.) due to involved margins. Discussion and literature review: the entity of microcystic carcinoma is discussed with a review of the literature on biology, diagnosis, and treatment. (orig.)

  9. Primary erythromelalgia in a 12-year-old boy: positive response to sodium channel blockers despite negative SCN9A mutations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakob, A; Creutzfeldt, R; Staszewski, O; Winterpacht, A; Berner, R; Hufnagel, M

    2012-09-01

    Erythromelalgia is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent pain attacks, swelling and redness in the distal extremities. The primary forms of the disorder are caused by mutations in voltage-gated sodium channels. Treatment is difficult and controlled therapeutic studies offer little to no guidance. We report on a 12-year-old boy and his first occurrence of primary erythromelalgia. Genetic findings for mutations in the SCN9A gene, which encodes for the α-subunit of sodium channel NaV1.7, were negative. Although initial treatment with sodium nitroprusside was ineffective, subsequent medication with lidocaine and mexiletine, in combination with gabapentin, was successful. Despite negative findings for mutations in the sodium channels, the use of sodium channel blockers should be considered in these patients.

  10. Artificial grammar learning in primary school children with and without developmental dyslexia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlidou, Elpis V; Williams, Joanne M; Kelly, Louise M

    2009-06-01

    This paper explores implicit learning in typically developing and primary school children (9-12 years old) with developmental dyslexia using an artificial grammar learning (AGL) task. Two experiments were conducted, which differed in time of presentation and nature of the instructional set (experiment 1--implicit instructions vs experiment 2--explicit instructions). Repeated measures analysis of variance (group x grammaticality x chunk strength) showed a group effect only in experiment 1 (implicit instructions), with only the typically developing children showing evidence of AGL. There was a grammaticality effect (adherence to the rules) for both groups in the two experimental situations. We suggest that the typically developing children exhibited intact implicit learning as manifested in AGL performance, whereas children with developmental dyslexia failed to provide such evidence due to possible mediating cognitive developmental factors.

  11. Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD tests in a school-age hearing screening programme – analysis of 76,429 children

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    Piotr H. Skarzynski

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available [b]Introduction and objective[/b]. Hearing disorders among school-age children are a current concern. Continuing studies have been performed in Poland since 2008, and on 2 December 2011 the EU Council adopted Conclusions on the Early Detection and Treatment of Communication Disorders in Children, Including the Use of e-Health Tools and innovative Solutions. The discussion now focuses not only on the efficacy of hearing screening programmes in schoolchildren, but what should be its general aim and what tests it should include? This paper makes the case that it is important to include central auditory processing disorder (CAPD tests. One such test is the dichotic digits test (DDT. The aim of the presented study was to evaluate the usefulness of the DDT in detecting central hearing disorders in school-age children. [b]Materials and methods[/b]. During hearing screening programmes conducted in Poland in 2008–2010, exactly 235,664 children (7–12-years-old were screened in 9,325 schools. Of this number, 7,642 were examined using the DDT test for CAPD. Screening programmes were conducted using the Sense Examination Platform. [b]Results.[/b] With the cut-off criterion set at the 5th percentile, results for the DDT applied in a divided attention mode were 11.4% positive for 7-year-olds and 11.3% for 12-year-olds. In the focused attention mode, the comparable result for 12-year-olds was 9.7%. There was a clear right ear advantage. In children with positive DDT results, a higher incidence of other disorders, such as dyslexia, was observed. [b]Conclusions[/b]. A test for CAPD should be included in the hearing screening of school-age children. The results of this study form the basis for developing Polish standards in this area.

  12. Effect of Low-fat Milk Consumption Compared to Apple Juice and Water on the Energy Intake Among 10-12-Year-Old Obese Boys: A Three-way Cross-over Clinical Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehrabani, Sanaz; Salehi-Abargouei, Amin; Asemi, Mehdi; Mehrabani, Sepideh; Feizi, Awat; Safavi, Seyyed Morteza

    2014-01-01

    Background: Appetite lowering characteristics of dairy have attracted scientists to look for its effect on energy intake particularly among children. In the present study, we tried to assess the effect of low-fat milk on total and short-term energy intake among obese boys in a randomized three-way cross-over clinical trial. Methods: A total of 34 obese 10-12-year-old boys were randomized to consume three beverages (low-fat milk, apple juice, or water) with a fixed energy breakfast for two consecutive days, 1 week apart. Ad libitum lunch was provided for subjects 5 h later. The energy intake from breakfast till lunch and total energy intake on intervention days, and 2 days after intervention were compared. Generalized linear model repeated measures procedure in which test beverages were considered as repeated factors. Results: Energy intake from breakfast till lunch was lower when low-fat milk consumption was included in the breakfast compared with water and apple juice (adjusted mean ± standard error: Low-fat milk = 1484.33 ± 15.30 Kcal, apple juice = 1543.39 ± 20.70 Kcal, water = 1606.6 ± 19.94 Kcal; P 0.05). Conclusions: One serving of low-fat milk might affect the energy intake in a short-term period. The possible effect of frequent consumption of dairy products on long-term energy intake among children is needed to be examined. PMID:25538836

  13. Gender Influences on Children's Computer Attitudes and Cognitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North, Alice S.; Noyes, J. M.

    2002-01-01

    This study considers whether technophobia is a transitory phenomenon by assessing computer attitudes and cognition of 11- and 12-year-old children in an English secondary school via self-reporting questionnaires. Results showed a low prevalence of technophobia and that gender did not significantly influence attitudes or cognition towards…

  14. Muslim Children's Other School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Leslie C.

    2012-01-01

    Millions of Muslim children around the world participate in Qur'anic schooling. For some, this is their only formal schooling experience; others attend both Qur'anic school and secular school. Qur'anic schooling emphasizes memorization and reproduction (recitation, reading, and transcription) of Qur'anic texts without comprehension of their…

  15. Recursos humanos odontológicos y necesidades de tratamiento de caries en adolescentes de 12 años en Chile Human resources in dentistry and treatment needs of caries in 12-year-old teenagers in Chile

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    R Cabello Ibacache

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio es estimar los recursos odontológicos para resolver las necesidades de tratamiento de los adolescentes de 12 años de Chile, pertenecientes a los niveles socio económicos alto, medio y bajo. El estudio se realizó a partir de los resultados del "Estudio Diagnóstico Nacional de Salud Bucal del Adolescente de 12 Años y Evaluación del Grado de Cumplimiento de los Objetivos Sanitarios de Salud Bucal 2000-2010", proyecto FONIS el que fue realizado en una muestra de 2.232 adolescentes de 12 años, con representación regional proporcional a la población nacional. Para estratificar por nivel socioeconómico este estudio se usó la clasificación y ranking de pobreza por comuna de MIDEPLAN y la caracterización por NSE de los establecimientos del Ministerio de Educación Se calculó el recurso humano necesario mediante la aplicación de estándares de rendimiento del ministerio de salud, comparando estos parámetros en el eje de nivel socioeconómico. Se observan diferencias estadísticamente significativas en las necesidades de tratamiento entre los NSE, concentrándose la mayor necesidad en los grupos de NSE bajo y medio.The aim of this study is to determine oral health care delivery team workforce necessary to tackle oral health treatment needs of 12-year-old adolescents from different socioeconomic status. The sample consisted of 2.232 individuals. There was a proportional representation of the Nations regions. The Socioeconomic status (SES was stratified through the MIDEPLANs poverty municipality ranking and by means of description of SES of the selected school by the Ministry of Education. To determine oral health treatments needs we carried out dental examination and WHO diagnosis criteria were used. We calculated the oral health care delivery team workforce based on Ministry of Health recommendations and compare among SES. Differences upon health care delivery team workforce necessary to tackle oral health treatment

  16. Effect of fluoride exposure on the intelligence of school children in Madhya Pradesh, India

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    Sudhanshu Saxena

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To assess the relationship between exposure to different drinking water fluoride levels and children′s intelligence in Madhya Pradesh state, India. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 12-year-old school children of Madhya Pradesh state, India. The children were selected from low (0.05. However, a statistically significant difference was observed in the urinary fluoride levels (P 0.000. Reduction in intelligence was observed with an increased water fluoride level (P 0.000. The urinary fluoride level was a significant predictor for intelligence (P 0.000. Conclusion: Children in endemic areas of fluorosis are at risk for impaired development of intelligence.

  17. Acumulación de masa ósea medida por DEXA periférica en niños mexicanos sanos de entre 6 a 12 años de edad Bone mass accretion in healthy Mexican 6 to 12 year-olds measured by DEXA

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    Ericka Montijo-Barrios

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO:Conocer la densidad mineral ósea (DMO, evaluada a través de DEXA periférica, ajustada por sexo, en una muestra de escolares mexicanos sanos de entre 6 a 12 años de edad. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal efectuado en 1 965 escolares (982 masculinos, seleccionados de forma aleatoria en la Ciudad de México en 2006 y 2007. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva para variables nominales o categóricas y numéricas. RESULTADOS:La curva de cambio de la DMO en niñas muestra dos etapas: un crecimiento lineal (entre los 6 a 9 años de edad y uno exponencial (a partir de los 10 años, mientras que en los niños las tasas de crecimiento son menos pronunciadas. CONCLUSIONES:Las intervenciones para mejorar la DMO y el pico máximo de masa ósea deben realizarse entre los 6 a los 12 años de edad.OBJECTIVE:To describe bone mass density in a group of healthy 6 to 12 year-old Mexican children by a peripheral DEXA, adjusted for gender. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study between 2006 and 2007 conducted in 1 965 children (982 male, without any medical condition, randomized from elementary schools in Mexico City. RESULTS:Changes in bone mineral density in girls show two phases: a lineal accretion (6-9 years and an exponential curve (10 years and older; in boys these growth rates are less pronounced. CONCLUSIONS:It is considered that optimal interventions to improve bone mass density and peak bone mass should be performed between 6 to 12 years of age.

  18. School-Phobic Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gittelman, Rachel

    1976-01-01

    Separation anxiety is the major difficulty (and anticipatory anxiety a secondary difficulty) in treating school phobic children, and must be dealt with in a coordinated effort by school therapists, teachers, and parents. (MB)

  19. A novel (paternally inherited) duplication 13q31.3q32.3 in a 12-year-old patient with facial dysmorphism and developmental delay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atack, E; Fairtlough, H; Smith, K; Balasubramanian, M

    2014-08-01

    We report a 12-year-old boy referred to the Clinical Genetics service in view of facial dysmorphism, learning difficulties and autistic spectrum disorder. 60K arrayCGH revealed an 8.2-Mb duplication on chromosome 13q31.3q32.3, which was paternally inherited. This specific duplication on chromosome 13 has not been previously reported in the medical literature, and there are no familial or de novo patients with the same duplication breakpoints. This region contains 24 OMIM genes, including the glypicans GPC5 and GPC6, and the ZIC2 gene. We discuss the relevance of this chromosome imbalance and discuss the impact of this duplication on our patient's phenotype. Given that the duplication on 13q was paternally inherited, and although initially thought to be of uncertain significance, on exploring the family history further, it became apparent that the father had learning difficulties as a child and previous surgery for congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Here we explore the phenotype in association with this novel duplication on chromosome 13q and add to the existing literature on array findings within this region.

  20. REVALENCE OF BACKACHE AMONG SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN OF HYDERABAD SINDH

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    Shireen Khanzada

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of backache is increasing in children with heavy weighed school bags and abnormal sitting posture both, at home and school. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of this much avoided issue of back pain among school going children of Hyderabad, Sindh. Methodology: 240 pupils (range, 7-14 years old were recruited in their respective schools of Hyderabad city. Inclusions were all the present students on that particular day of data collecting and excluding those who were absent that day. A preformed questionnaire form was filled with all due consent, following which, examination was done to check the parameters of height, weight, BMI, weight of school bag, and posture analysis. Result: The prevalence of back pain was 46.7% among the total 240 subjects studied. Out of which 14.4% boys and 32.3% girls were affected. The majority of affected children were age group of 10-12 years old. In our study 61% children had school bags weighing around 5 kg, which is point to be considered by high officials of Primary Education System in Pakistan. Conclusion: The symptoms of backache were significantly visible in those students carrying heavy bags in proportion to their own weight and BMI. This was also closely related to the time duration, subjects were spending in front of computer/television. After analysis and all, it turned out that a significant number of students were affected by abnormal postures leading to backache-, which may be held equally responsible for further Alleviation of such symptoms later in life.

  1. Metalinguistic Awareness and Evidence of Cross-Linguistic Influence among Bilingual Learners in Irish Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Anna M.

    2009-01-01

    During an investigation into the L2 proficiency and L3 acquisition skills of 10- to 12-year-olds in Irish primary schools, questions of metalinguistic awareness and cross-linguistic influence were raised. Do children who are more balanced bilinguals develop a higher sense of metalinguistic awareness than less balanced bilinguals? What evidence of…

  2. The impact of development o f the special coordination abilities on the general skill ability for table tennis juniors under 12 years old

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    Shawkat Gaber Radwan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Indicates each of Muhama d Allawi (2002, Essam Abdul Khaliq (2003, and Walf Droge (2002 that the coordination abilities are closely related to the development of technical motor skills, and that pra ctitioner athletic activity which determines the quality of this abilities should be developed, where the player can not master the technical skills in the special activity in case lack of special coordination abilities for this activity. Both Manf red Must er (1986, Jürgen Schmicker (2000, Wolfgang and others (2000 and Wohlgefahrt, Karlheinz (2004 refers that the special coordination abilities for table tennis include each of: 1 - The motor adaptation and adjustment ability, 2 - The ability to differentiat e , 3 - reaction speed ability, 4 - orientation ability, 5 - balance ability, 6 - coupling ability, 7 - The ability to sense the rhythm. The aim of this study is design training program to development the special coordination abilities of table tennis and identi fies the impact of this program on the general skill ability for table tennis juniors under 12 years old. The researcher used the experimental method into two groups one experimental and the other control group the strength of each of them is 8 of table te nnis juniors in Ismailia city in Egypt. The duration of the program is three months, three training units a week the duration of each training unit is 90 minutes. The most important results of this study was the training program led to improvement the spec ial coordination abilities of table tennis for the experimental group, which led to high level of the general skill ability in table tennis for the experimental group more than the control group .

  3. Factors associated with dental fluorosis in school children in southern Brazil: a cross-sectional study

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    Marina Sousa Azevedo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional study assessed risk factors for dental fluorosis (DF among 8- to 12-year-old children in southern Brazil. Children attending 20 schools were randomly selected (n = 1,196. They were interviewed and their parents answered a questionnaire that was sent home. Prevalence of DF was 8.53% (modified Dean’s criteria, and the prevalence of severe DF was 0.17%. The results of multiple logistic regression analyses indicated that DF was associated with a higher frequency of tooth brushing and with initial use of fluoride toothpaste at the emergence of the first tooth. DF does not constitute a public health problem in southern Brazil.

  4. Dental Caries and its Conditioned Factors in Children from a Municipal Public School in Niterói, RJ, Brazil

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    Lívia Azeredo A. ANTUNES

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the manifestation of dental caries in 4-12-year-old schoolchildren from a municipal public school at the city of Niterói, RJ, Brazil, in the years 1990 and 2005, and to identify the most frequent feeding and oral hygiene habits among the children in 2005.Method: The study population comprised 370 individuals allocated into 3 groups: Group 1 (G1 with 150 4-12-year-old children of both genders that studied in the referred public school in 1990; Group 2 (G2 was similar to Group 1 but with children that studied in 2005; Group 3 (G3 composed of 70 parents/caregivers of G2 children, who answered a questionnaire arguing on feeding and oral hygiene habits. The mean DMF-T (decayed, missing and filled teeth index, the statistical relationship as detected by Mann-Whitney nonparametric test and the percent frequencies for feeding and oral hygiene habits were calculated.Results: Dental caries was the most expressive value at both studied periods. However, there was decline in caries experience comparing 1990 and 2005 (p0.05. Regarding the feeding and oral hygiene habits, most children were bottle fed up to 1 year of age or a little longer, consumption of sugar-containing foods and drinks occurred 3 to 4 times a day, and the most frequent moment was between meals. In most children, toothbrushing started when the children already had several erupted teeth, the children themselves usually brushed their teeth with their own toothbrush and most of them did not use dental floss.Conclusion: Educational and preventive programs conducted at school are important and should be adjusted to the reality of each population because health is a relevant indicator of life quality.

  5. The decline in dental caries in school children between 1998 and 2004 in Leme, São Paulo, Brazil

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    Luciana Aparecida Ruiz

    Full Text Available Objectives: To evaluate the dental caries prevalence and the treatment needs in 5- and 12 year-old schoolchildren in 2004 and to compare these data with those found in Leme, São Paulo, in 1998.Methods: The exams were performed in schoolchildren at public schools in Leme. The exams, in the two years, followed the recommendationsof the World Health Organization. Results: In 5 year-olds the Mean dfmt was 2.39 (IC 95%=1.53-3.25, in 1998, and in 2004, the dmft was 1.99 (IC 95%=1.39-2.57, presenting a 16.4% reduction in dental caries experience in this period (p=0.559. At present, 49.3% of the schoolchildren were caries-free, with a 12.9% (p=0.055 increase in this condition. In 12 year-olds, DFMT was 3.3 (IC 95%=2.45-4.17, in 1998 and 1.97 (IC 95%=1.53-2.40, in 2004, representing a reduction of 40.3% (p <0.001. The percentage of caries-free children at this age increased from 25.6% to 41.6% (p=0.010. At 5 years of age, the Significant Caries Index went from 5.93 (1998 to 5.26 (2004, in 12 year-olds, it went from 6.36 (1998 to 4.66 (2004. At 5 years, it was verified that the need for restoring one surface decreased, however, the need for restoring two or more surfaces was higher inthe period. At 12 years, it was verified that need for restoring one surface increased and the need for extractions decreased. Conclusion: After six years of study, an improvement was found in the oral health conditions in the two age groups, suggesting that care should continue to be intensified, particularly among five-year-old children.

  6. School-based peer-related social competence interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder: a meta-analysis and descriptive review of single case research design studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whalon, Kelly J; Conroy, Maureen A; Martinez, Jose R; Werch, Brittany L

    2015-06-01

    The purpose of this review was to critically examine and summarize the impact of school-based interventions designed to facilitate the peer-related social competence of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Reviewed studies employed a single-case experimental design, targeted peer-related social competence, included children 3-12 years old with an ASD, and took place in school settings. Articles were analyzed descriptively and using the evaluative method to determine study quality. Additionally, effect size estimates were calculated using nonoverlap of all pairs method and Tau-U. A total of 37 studies including 105 children were reviewed. Overall, ES estimates ranged from weak to strong, but on average, the reviewed interventions produced a moderate to strong effect, and quality ratings were generally in the acceptable to high range. Findings suggest that children with ASD can benefit from social skill interventions implemented with peers in school settings.

  7. Limited near and far transfer effects of jungle memory working memory training on learning mathematics in children with attentional and mathematical difficulties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nelwan, Michel; Kroesbergen, Evelyn H.

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate whether Jungle Memory working memory training (JM) affects performance on working memory tasks, performance in mathematics and gains made on a mathematics training (MT) in school aged children between 9-12 years old (N = 64) with both d

  8. Knowing Right from Wrong, but Just Not Always Feeling it: Relations Among Callous-Unemotional Traits, Psychopathological Symptoms, and Cognitive and Affective Morality Judgments in 8-to 12-Year-Old Boys

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feilhauer, J.; Cima, M.; Benjamins, C.; Muris, P.E.H.M.

    2013-01-01

    The present research expands our understanding of cognitive and affective morality by exploring associations with callous-unemotional (CU) traits and externalizing symptoms. Participants were 46 8- to 12-year-old boys from the community who completed the Affective Morality Index, the Youth Self-Repo

  9. A school-based intervention to reduce overweight and inactivity in children aged 6–12 years: study design of a randomized controlled trial

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    Reuvers Ivo

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Effective interventions to prevent overweight and obesity in children are urgently needed especially in inner-city neighbourhoods where prevalence of overweight and inactivity among primary school children is high. A school based intervention was developed aiming at the reduction of overweight and inactivity in these children by addressing both behavioural and environmental determinants. Methods/design The main components of the intervention (Lekker Fit! are the re-establishment of a professional physical education teacher; three (instead of two PE classes per week; additional sport and play activities outside school hours; fitness testing; classroom education on healthy nutrition, active living and healthy lifestyle choices; and the involvement of parents. The effectiveness of the intervention is evaluated through a cluster randomized controlled trial in 20 primary schools among grades 3 through 8 (6–12 year olds. Primary outcome measures are BMI, waist circumference and fitness. Secondary outcome measures are assessed in a subgroup of grade 6–8 pupils (9–12 year olds through classroom questionnaires and constitute of nutrition and physical activity behaviours and behavioural determinants. Multilevel regression analyses are used to study differences in outcomes between children in the intervention schools and in control schools, taking clustering of children within schools into account. Discussion Hypotheses are that the intervention results in a lower prevalence of children being overweight and an improved mean fitness score, in comparison with a control group where the intervention is not implemented. The results of our study will contribute to the discussion on the role of physical education and physical activity in the school curriculum. Trial registration [ISRCTN84383524

  10. The effect of socio-demographic variables and dairy use on the intake of essential macro- and micronutrients in 0.5-12-year-old Indonesian children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widodo, Yekti; Sandjaja, Sandjaja; Sumedi, Edith; Khouw, Ilse; Deurenberg, Paul

    2016-01-01

    背景与目的:研究营养素摄入、奶制品摄入和社会经济因素之间的关系。方法 与研究设计:采用24 小时膳食回顾法收集3600 名年龄为0.5-12 岁儿童的膳食 摄入量,并收集其乳制品的使用频率、人体测量指标和社会人口学指标。结 果:总的年龄别身高Z 分数和年龄别体质指数Z 分数(均数±标准误)分别为- 1.40±0.03 和-0.48±0.03,其与人群中发育迟缓和消瘦的高发生率相关。不使用 任何乳制品的儿童占总人数的71%,并且这一比例随着年龄的增长而稳步增 长。乳制品来源的总能量摄入平均为99±3 千卡/人/天,乳制品使用者来自总乳 制品的能量为291±7 千卡/人/天。乳制品的使用没有性别差异,但城市地区高 于农村地区。另外,如果母亲受教育程度越高、母亲有一份稳定的工作、或者 家庭的收入状况处于偏上水平的儿童,其奶制品的使用频率也较高。3 岁之 后,除了蛋白质,能量和所有营养素的摄入是不足的。校正乳制品来源的更高 能量摄入和社会人口因素之后,与非乳制品使用者相比,乳制品使用者所有营 养素达到推荐膳食摄入量的比例更高,随着乳制品使用频率的增加贡献也增 加。结论:摄入充足的乳制品将大大促进印度尼西亚儿童达到推荐膳食摄入 量。.

  11. Preschool Children's School Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pekdogan, Serpil; Akgül, Esra

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine preschool teachers' perspectives about children's school readiness. Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used in the study as a mixed method research. Data, in the quantitative aspects of the research, were collected through the use of "School Readiness Form" developed by Boz (2004)…

  12. The effects of indoor environmental factors on respiratory illness in primary school children in Kuala Lumpur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azizi, B H; Henry, R L

    1991-03-01

    The effects of indoor environmental factors on respiratory illness were studied in 15017-12 year old school children in Kuala Lumpur. Exposure to mosquito coil smoke for at least three nights a week was independently associated with asthma and persistent wheeze. Passive smoking, defined as sharing a bedroom with an adult smoker, was independently associated with a chest illness in the past year. No relationships were found between exposure to kerosene stoves, wood stoves, fumigation mat mosquito repellents or aerosol insecticides and respiratory illness. Host factors predictive of at least one respiratory outcome included family history of chest illness, history of allergy, male sex, hospitalization in the neonatal period and low paternal education. With 95% confidence, avoidance of regular exposure to mosquito coil smoke and passive smoking could reduce the prevalences of persistent wheeze, asthma and chest illness by up to 29%. Measurements of lung function confirmed the validity of questions pertaining to wheezing and asthma in the study questionnaire.

  13. Auditory Temporal-Organization Abilities in School-Age Children with Peripheral Hearing Loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koravand, Amineh; Jutras, Benoit

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The objective was to assess auditory sequential organization (ASO) ability in children with and without hearing loss. Method: Forty children 9 to 12 years old participated in the study: 12 with sensory hearing loss (HL), 12 with central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), and 16 with normal hearing. They performed an ASO task in which…

  14. Differential Profiles of Risk of Self-Harm among Clinically Referred Primary School Aged Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelkovska, Anne; Houghton, Stephen; Hopkins, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    Risk of self-harm among clinic referred children aged 6- to 12-years-old was investigated using the recently developed Self-Harm Risk Assessment for Children (SHRAC) instrument which comprises six factors: Affect traits; verbalizing of self-harm; socialization; dissociation; self-directing; and self-appraisal. The SHRAC was completed by the…

  15. Is walking to school associated with improved metabolic health?

    OpenAIRE

    Pizarro Andreia Nogueira; Ribeiro José Carlos; Marques Elisa Amélia; Mota Jorge; Santos Maria Paula

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Active commuting to/from school is an important source of physical activity that has been declining over the past years. Although it is an affordable and simple way of increasing physical activity levels it is still unclear whether it has enough potential to improve health. Therefore, the aim of this cross sectional study was to examine the relationship between active commuting to/from school and metabolic risk factors in 10 to 12 year old children. Methods Participants we...

  16. Prevalencia de caries dental en escolares de 6-12 años de edad de León, Nicaragua Prevalence of dental caries in 6-12-year-old schoolchildren in Leon, Nicaragua

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    Míriam del Socorro Herrera

    2005-08-01

    from a representative sample of 1,400 children were collected and analyzed in a cross-sectional study (year 2002. All subjects were clinically evaluated by one of two calibrated and standardized examiners. Results: 28.6% children were caries free in both dentitions. Caries prevalence in primary teeth in 6-years-old children was 72.6% and 45.0% in permanent teeth in 12-years-old children. Mean deft and DMFT were 2.98 ± 2.93 (n = 1,125 and 0.65 ± 1.43 (n = 1,379, respectively. The SiC at 12 years of age was 4.12. Children with caries experience in primary teeth were more likely to have caries in permanent teeth (odds ratio = 2.48; 95% confidence interval, 1.66-3.79 than children without caries in primary teeth. Conclusion: Low caries prevalence and experience were observed in the permanent dentition, with a substantial proportion of filled teeth. Such favorable finding was not observed in the primary dentition. Levels of caries failed to meet the oral health goal of FDI/WHO for the year 2000 in 6-years-old. However, the levels found in 12-year-olds had already met the goal for 2000. The present findings confirmed prior reports that the caries experience in primary teeth is associated with the experience of caries in permanent teeth.

  17. Relations among basic psychological needs, PE-motivation and fundamental movement skills in 9–12-year-old boys and girls in Physical Education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aart, I. van; Hartman, E.; Elferink-Gemser, M.; Mombarg, R.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Many children aged 9–12 appear to have low levels of fundamental movement skills (FMS). Physical education (PE) is important because PE-teachers can teach children a variety of FMS and can influence PE-motivation. However, declined levels of PE-motivation are reported in the final grades

  18. Relations among basic psychological needs, PE-motivation and fundamental movement skills in 9–12-year-old boys and girls in Physical Education

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Aart, I.; Hartman, E.; Elferink-Gemser, M.; Mombarg, R.; Visscher, C.

    2017-01-01

    Background: Many children aged 9–12 appear to have low levels of fundamental movement skills (FMS). Physical education (PE) is important because PE-teachers can teach children a variety of FMS and can influence PE-motivation. However, declined levels of PE-motivation are reported in the final grades

  19. Gene-Environment Interaction in Teacher-Rated Internalizing and Externalizing Problem Behavior in 7- to 12-Year-Old Twins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamb, Diane J.; Middeldorp, Christel M.; Van Beijsterveldt, Catarina E. M.; Boomsma, Dorret I.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Internalizing and externalizing problem behavior at school can have major consequences for a child and is predictive for disorders later in life. Teacher ratings are important to assess internalizing and externalizing problems at school. Genetic epidemiological studies on teacher-rated problem behavior are relatively scarce and the…

  20. The Prevalence of Anxiety and its related Factors among School-age Children in South West of Iran

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    Zeinab Banaeipour

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background Anxiety is one of the most common childhood disorders, so it is necessary to explore extend and its related factors in the students. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of anxiety and the related factors of anxiety among the children aged 9-12 years. Materials and Methods At a descriptive-analytic study 623 children aged 9-12 year- old who were studying in the fourth to sixth grade of elementary school in Dezful city, were selected through multistage random sampling.  The data were collected using demographic profile questionnaire and School Anxiety Scale (SAS using SPSS-16. Results Of total 623 students, 36.3% were girls. 232 (37.2% students had mild anxiety, 304 students (48.8% had moderate anxiety and 87 students (14% had severe anxiety. There was a significant relationship between the mean score of children anxiety and the number of children in family (P0.0.5. Conclusion This study showed that the prevalence of anxiety was higher in boyes, children who were single children, children who had a family history of hereditary disease, and children who experienced corporal punishment at home. It is recommended arranging programs including training, counseling, and psychotherapy ones for these children and their families.

  1. Factors of children's school readiness

    OpenAIRE

    Ljubica Marjanovič Umek; Urška Fekonja; Katja Bajc

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of preschool on children's school readiness in connection with their intellectual abilities, language competence, and parents' education. The sample included 219 children who were 68 to 83 months old and were attending the first year of primary school. Children were differentiated by whether or not they had attended preschool before starting school. Children's intellectual ability was determined using Raven's Coloured Progress...

  2. Prenatal androgenization affects gender-related behavior but not gender identity in 5-12-year-old girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer-Bahlburg, Heino F L; Dolezal, Curtis; Baker, Susan W; Carlson, Ann D; Obeid, Jihad S; New, Maria I

    2004-04-01

    Gender assignment of children with intersexuality and related conditions has recently become highly controversial. On the basis of extensive animal research and a few human case reports, some authors have proposed the putative masculinization of the brain by prenatal hormones-indicated by the degree of genital masculinization-as the decisive criterion of gender assignment and have derived the recommendation that 46,XX newborns with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and full genital masculinization should be assigned to the male gender. The purpose of this study was to test in CAH girls of middle childhood the assumption that prenatal androgens determine the development of gender identity. Fifteen girls with CAH (range of genital Prader stage, 2-4/5), 30 control girls, and 16 control boys (age range, 5-12 years) underwent 2 gender-play observation sessions, and a gender identity interview yielding scales of gender confusion/dysphoria. About half a year earlier, mothers had completed 2 questionnaires concerning their children's gender-related behavior. The results showed that, as expected, CAH girls scored more masculine than control girls on all scales measuring gender-related behavior, with robust effect sizes. By contrast, neither conventionally significant differences nor trends were found on the 3 scales of the gender identity interview. We conclude that prenatal androgenization of 46,XX fetuses leads to marked masculinization of later gender-related behavior, but the absence of any increased gender-identity confusion/dysphoria does not indicate a direct determination of gender identity by prenatal androgens and does not, therefore, support a male gender assignment at birth of the most markedly masculinized girls.

  3. Story discourse and use of mental state language between mothers and school-aged children with and without visual impairment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tadić, Valerija; Pring, Linda; Dale, Naomi

    2013-01-01

    Background Lack of sight compromises insight into other people’s mental states. Little is known about the role of maternal language in assisting the development of mental state language in children with visual impairment (VI). Aims To investigate mental state language strategies of mothers of school-aged children with VI and to compare these with mothers of comparable children with typically developing vision. To investigate whether the characteristics of mother–child discourse were associated with the child’s socio-communicative competence. Methods & Procedures Mother–child discourse with twelve 6–12-year-old children with VI was coded during a shared book-reading narrative and compared with 14 typically sighted children matched in age and verbal ability. Outcomes & Results Mothers of children with VI elaborated more and made significantly more references to story characters’ mental states and descriptive elaborations than mothers of sighted children. Mental state elaborations of mothers in the VI group related positively with the level produced by their children, with the association remaining after mothers’ overall verbosity and children’s developmental levels were controlled for. Frequency of maternal elaborations, including their mental state language, was related to socio-communicative competence of children with VI. Conclusions & Implications The findings offer insights into the potential contribution of maternal verbal scaffolding to mentalistic language and social–communicative competences of children with VI. PMID:24165364

  4. Prevalência de cárie, gengivite e fluorose em escolares de 12 anos de Porto Alegre - RS, Brasil, 1998/1999 Prevalence of dental caries, gingivitis and fluorosis in 12-year-old schoolchildren from Porto Alegre - RS, Brazil, 1998/1999

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    Berenice Barbachan e SILVA

    2001-09-01

    fluorosis, 45.9% of the children had TFI 1, 6.1% TFI 2 and 0.9% TFI 3. A polarization of the experience of caries and gingivitis was observed in the studied population. Only 14.4% of the students had DMFS higher than 7. A small percentage of children (12% presented with BI ³ 40%. The experience of caries and gingivitis of 12-year-old schoolchildren in Porto Alegre is comparable to that of children from developed countries. That probably results from the intense utilization of fluoride, which is also causing an increased prevalence of fluorosis. The severity of fluorosis does not justify any public health measure. The results show that the employed public health measures are effective, although part of the population still needs additional care.

  5. Adverse health effects of experiencing food insecurity among Greenlandic school children

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    Birgit Niclasen

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background. In vulnerable populations, food security in children has been found to be associated with negative health effects. Still, little is known about whether the negative health effects can be retrieved in children at the population level. Objective. To examine food insecurity reported by Greenlandic school children as a predictor for perceived health, physical symptoms and medicine use. Design. The study is based on the Greenlandic part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. The 2010 survey included 2,254 students corresponding to 40% of all Greenlandic school children in Grade 5 through 10. The participation rate in the participating schools was 65%. Food insecurity was measured as going to bed or to school hungry because there was no food at home. Results. Boys, the youngest children (11–12 year-olds, and children from low affluence homes were at increased risk for food insecurity. Poor or fair self-rated health, medicine use last month and physical symptoms during the last 6 months were all more frequent in children reporting food insecurity. Controlling for age, gender and family affluence odds ratio (OR for self-rated health was 1.60 (95% confidence interval (CI 1.23–2.06 (p<0.001, for reporting physical symptoms 1.34 (95% CI 1.06–1.68 (p=0.01 and for medicine use 1.79 (95% CI 1.42–2.26 (p<0.001. Stratification on age groups suggested that children in different age groups experience different health consequences of food insecurity. The oldest children reported food insecurity less often and experienced less negative health effects compared to the younger children. Conclusions. All 3 measures of health were negatively associated to the occurrence of food insecurity in Greenlandic school children aged 11–17. Food security must be seen as a public health issue of concern, and policies should be enforced to prevent food poverty particularly among boys, younger school children and children from low affluence

  6. THE EFFECT OF DYNAMIC STRETCHING EXERCISES ON FLEXIBILITY DEVELOPMENT AND SWIMMING PERFORMANCE IN 10-12 YEAR-OLD MALE SWIMMERS

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    Şirin KELEŞ

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to monitor the effect of 8-week dynamic stretching exercises on flexibility development and swimming performance in male swimmers in 10-12 age group. The study is carried out among 30 boys between ages of 10-12 who regularly do swimming exercises in a variety of sport clubs in Konya. The children taking part in the research is divided in experiment group (EG (age=10,93±0,80 years, height=150,94±0,06 cm, weight=43,07±3,13 kg and control group (CG (age=11,00±0,85years, height=151,7±0,05 cm, weight=47,80±3,61 kg, each of 15. In the course of 8 weeks, experiment group performed dynamic stretching exercises in addition to the swimming exercises while CG only did swimming exercises. In analysing the results Paired Samples T-Test and Independent Sample T-Test has been used. At the end of the study, it was identified that EG made a significant progress in sit-and-stretch, arm flexibility, bridge pose, hip flexion and extension, knee flexion, shoulder flexion, torso flexion and 25-50-200 freestyle and technical swimming tests (p˂0,05. On the other hand, no substantial change was observed in any of CG’s flexibility parameters (p˃0,05. It was revealed that experiment group’s extension values were profoundly higher and its 25 meter swimming and turns in 50-100-150-200 meters were significantly shorter compared to the control group (p˂0,05. Consequently, it is possible to claim that dynamic stretching exercises performed before swimming exercises make substantial contribution to the flexibility and performance development of swimmers who are in the adolescence period.

  7. Prevalence Rates of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in a School Sample of Venezuelan Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montiel, Cecilia; Pena, Joaquin A.; Montiel-Barbero, Isabel; Polanczyk, Guilherme

    2008-01-01

    A total of 1,535 4-12 year-old children were screened with the Conners' rating scales, followed by diagnostic confirmation by the diagnostic interview schedule for children-IV-parent version. The prevalence of ADHD was estimated to be 10.03%, and only 3.9% of children had received medication for the treatment of ADHD symptoms. Prevalence rates and…

  8. Effectiveness of Acceptance & Commitment Therapy on School Phobia in Children with Type 1 Diabetes

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    M Najaf abadi Maryam

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT is one of the third wave behavioral therapies in the field of in the treatment of anxiety disorders. The purpose of present study was to investigate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on school phobia in children with type 1 diabetes. Methods: This was a semi-experimental study, including pretest-posttest and follow up with the control group. The participants of the study were all girls aged 8-12 years old with type 1 diabetes referred to Najafabad town in 2014-2015. Instruments used in this study was “screen for child anxiety related disorders”(SCARED. Childeren filled measure of anxiety, and among them, 24 childern whom were suffering with school phobia were selected and then assigned randomly into two experimental and control groups (n1=n2=12. For subjects in the experimental group, 8 sessions of acceptance and commitment therapy, each lasting 120 minutes, were offered and control subjects received no therapy in this while. Six month later follow up was executed. Results: Data were analyzed using analysis of covariance method (ANCOVA. Results indicated that acceptance and commitment therapy reduced school phobia in the students with  type 1 diabetes and it showed a persistent recovery on symptoms after six months of follow up. Conclusion: After all, the results of the current study showed that acceptance and commitment therapy can be used for reducing school phobia.

  9. School Adaptation of Roma Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerganov, Encho; Varbanova, Silvia; Kyuchukov, Hristo

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the degree of school adaptation among Roma children who were included in a program for the desegregation of Roma schools in Bulgaria. More specifically, the program requires Roma children to attend mixed classes with Bulgarian students and Roma teacher assistants to work with them. The Bulgarian version of the Questionnaire on…

  10. Relationship between anthropometric indicators and cognitive performance in Southeast Asian school-aged children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandjaja; Poh, Bee Koon; Rojroonwasinkul, Nipa; Le Nyugen, Bao Khanh; Budiman, Basuki; Ng, Lai Oon; Soonthorndhada, Kusol; Xuyen, Hoang Thi; Deurenberg, Paul; Parikh, Panam

    2013-09-01

    Nutrition is an important factor in mental development and, as a consequence, in cognitive performance. Malnutrition is reflected in children's weight, height and BMI curves. The present cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between anthropometric indices and cognitive performance in 6746 school-aged children (aged 6-12 years) of four Southeast Asian countries: Indonesia; Malaysia; Thailand; Vietnam. Cognitive performance (non-verbal intelligence quotient (IQ)) was measured using Raven's Progressive Matrices test or Test of Non-Verbal Intelligence, third edition (TONI-3). Height-for-age z-scores (HAZ), weight-for-age z-scores (WAZ) and BMI-for-age z-scores (BAZ) were used as anthropometric nutritional status indices. Data were weighted using age, sex and urban/rural weight factors to resemble the total primary school-aged population per country. Overall, 21% of the children in the four countries were underweight and 19% were stunted. Children with low WAZ were 3·5 times more likely to have a non-verbal IQ < 89 (OR 3·53 and 95% CI 3·52, 3·54). The chance of having a non-verbal IQ < 89 was also doubled with low BAZ and HAZ. In contrast, except for severe obesity, the relationship between high BAZ and IQ was less clear and differed per country. The odds of having non-verbal IQ levels < 89 also increased with severe obesity. In conclusion, undernourishment and non-verbal IQ are significantly associated in 6-12-year-old children. Effective strategies to improve nutrition in preschoolers and school-aged children can have a pronounced effect on cognition and, in the longer term, help in positively contributing to individual and national development.

  11. Overweight among primary school-age children in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naidu, Balkish Mahadir; Mahmud, Siti Zuraidah; Ambak, Rashidah; Sallehuddin, Syafinaz Mohd; Mutalip, Hatta Abdul; Saari, Riyanti; Sahril, Norhafizah; Hamid, Hamizatul Akmal Abdul

    2013-01-01

    This study is a secondary data analysis from the National Health Morbidity Survey III, a population-based study conducted in 2006. A total of 7,749 children between 7 and 12 years old were recruited into the study. This study seeks to report the prevalence of overweight (including obesity) children in Malaysia using international cut-off point and identify its associated key social determinants. The results show that the overall prevalence of overweight children in Malaysia was 19.9%. The urban residents, males, Chinese, those who are wealthy, have overweight or educated guardians showed higher prevalence of overweight. In multivariable analysis, higher likelihood of being overweight was observed among those with advancing age (OR=1.15), urban residents (OR=1.16, 95% CI: 1.01-1.36), the Chinese (OR=1.45, 95% CI: 1.19-1.77), boys (OR=1.23, 95% CI: 1.08-1.41), and those who came from higher income family. In conclusion, one out of five of 7-12 year-old-children in Malaysia were overweight. Locality of residence, ethnicity, gender, guardian education, and overweight guardian were likely to be the predictors of this alarming issue. Societal and public health efforts are needed in order to reduce the burden of disease associated with obesity.

  12. Child maltreatment experience among primary school children: a large scale survey in Selangor state, Malaysia.

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    Ayesha Ahmed

    Full Text Available Official reports of child maltreatment in Malaysia have persistently increased throughout the last decade. However there is a lack of population surveys evaluating the actual burden of child maltreatment, its correlates and its consequences in the country. This cross sectional study employed 2 stage stratified cluster random sampling of public primary schools, to survey 3509 ten to twelve year old school children in Selangor state. It aimed to estimate the prevalence of parental physical and emotional maltreatment, parental neglect and teacher- inflicted physical maltreatment. It further aimed to examine the associations between child maltreatment and important socio-demographic factors; family functioning and symptoms of depression among children. Logistic regression on weighted samples was used to extend results to a population level. Three quarters of 10-12 year olds reported at least one form of maltreatment, with parental physical maltreatment being most common. Males had higher odds of maltreatment in general except for emotional maltreatment. Ethnicity and parental conflict were key factors associated with maltreatment. The study contributes important evidence towards improving public health interventions for child maltreatment prevention in the country.

  13. Child maltreatment experience among primary school children: a large scale survey in Selangor state, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Ayesha; Wan-Yuen, Choo; Marret, Mary Joseph; Guat-Sim, Cheah; Othman, Sajaratulnisah; Chinna, Karuthan

    2015-01-01

    Official reports of child maltreatment in Malaysia have persistently increased throughout the last decade. However there is a lack of population surveys evaluating the actual burden of child maltreatment, its correlates and its consequences in the country. This cross sectional study employed 2 stage stratified cluster random sampling of public primary schools, to survey 3509 ten to twelve year old school children in Selangor state. It aimed to estimate the prevalence of parental physical and emotional maltreatment, parental neglect and teacher- inflicted physical maltreatment. It further aimed to examine the associations between child maltreatment and important socio-demographic factors; family functioning and symptoms of depression among children. Logistic regression on weighted samples was used to extend results to a population level. Three quarters of 10-12 year olds reported at least one form of maltreatment, with parental physical maltreatment being most common. Males had higher odds of maltreatment in general except for emotional maltreatment. Ethnicity and parental conflict were key factors associated with maltreatment. The study contributes important evidence towards improving public health interventions for child maltreatment prevention in the country.

  14. Assessment of dental caries predictors in 6-year-old school children - results from 5-year retrospective cohort study

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    Masood Mohd

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This was a retrospective cohort study undertaken to assess the rate and pattern of dental caries development in 6-year-old school children followed-up for a period of 5 years, and to identify baseline risk factors that were associated with 5 years caries experience in Malaysian children. Methods This 5-years retrospective cohort study comprised primary school children initially aged 6 years in 2004. Caries experience of each child was recorded annually using World Health Organization criteria. The rates of dental caries were recorded in prevalence and incidence density of carious lesions from baseline to final examination. Risk assessment was done to assess relative risk for caries after 5 years in children with baseline caries status. Simple and multiple logistic regression analysis were performed to identify significant independent risk factors for caries. Results The sample consisted of 1830 school children. All components of DMFT showed significant differences between baseline and final examination. Filled teeth (FT component of the DMFT showed the greatest increases. Results revealed the initial baseline caries level in permanent dentition was a strong predictor for future caries after 5 years (RR=3.78, 95% CI=3.48-4.10, P0.001. Logistic regression analysis showed significant association between caries occurrence and residence (urban/rural (OR=1.80, Pp observed from baseline and after 5 years was 5.80 persons/100 person-year of observation. The rate of new caries-affected tooth (IDt in the period from baseline and after 5-years was 0.76 teeth/100 teeth-year of observation. Conclusion The majority of 12-year-old school children (70% were caries-free and most of the caries were concentrated in only a small proportion (30% of them. We found that the presence of caries in permanent teeth at the age of 6 years was a strong predictor of future caries development in this population. The strong evidence of early permanent teeth

  15. Sleep Patterns and Sleep Problems Among Preschool and School-Aged Group Children in a Primary Care Setting

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    M Mohammadi

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To describe sleep patterns and sleep problems among preschool and school aged group children in a primary care setting in Iran. Material & Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in two primary care pediatric clinics in Tehran from March 2006 to September 2006.Findings: Sleep patterns of 215 children studied (101 were in preschool age group; 2-6 years old, and 114 were in primary school age group; 7-12 years old. Sleep problems were common in study group, as follows: bedtime problems 21.05%-56.44%, excessive daytime sleepiness 26.73%-42.98%, awakening during the night 13.86%-32.46%, regularity and duration of sleep 17.54%-27.72%, sleep-disordered breathing 10.53%-17.82%.Conclusion: These high frequencies of sleep problems in children explains the importance and burden of sleep disorders in children  which unfortunately are not noticed by primary care providers in Iran and inadequate attention to them may have negative consequences on a host of functional domains, including mood, behavior, school performance, and health outcomes.

  16. Effects of indoor air pollution on lung function of primary school children in Kuala Lumpur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azizi, B H; Henry, R L

    1990-01-01

    In a cross-sectional study of 7-12 year-old primary school children in Kuala Lumpur city, lung function was assessed by spirometric and peak expiratory flow measurements. Spirometric and peak expiratory flow measurements were successfully performed in 1,214 and 1,414 children, respectively. As expected, the main predictors of forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of vital capacity (FEF25-75), and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) were standing height, weight, age, and sex. In addition, lung function values of Chinese and Malays were generally higher than those of Indians. In multiple regression models which included host and environmental factors, asthma was associated with significant decreases in FEV1, FEF25-75, and PEFR. However, family history of chest illness, history of allergies, low paternal education, and hospitalization during the neonatal period were not independent predictors of lung function. Children sharing rooms with adult smokers had significantly lower levels of FEF25-75. Exposures to wood or kerosene stoves were, but to mosquito repellents were not, associated with decreased lung function.

  17. Giving children a voice: Exploring qualitative perspectives on factors influencing recess physical activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pawlowski, Charlotte Skau; Schipperijn, Jasper; Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Tine

    2017-01-01

    11–12-year-old children. The socio-ecological model was used as the overall theoretical framework. Twelve factors were identified as influencing the children’s recess physical activity: bodily self-esteem and ability; gender; gendered school culture; peer influence; conflicts and exclusion; space...... of actions addressing factors from different layers in the socio-ecological model to increase recess physical activity....

  18. Factors of children's school readiness

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    Ljubica Marjanovič Umek

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of preschool on children's school readiness in connection with their intellectual abilities, language competence, and parents' education. The sample included 219 children who were 68 to 83 months old and were attending the first year of primary school. Children were differentiated by whether or not they had attended preschool before starting school. Children's intellectual ability was determined using Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM; Raven, Raven, & Court, 1999, language competence using the Lestvice splošnega govornegarazvoja–LJ (LSGR–LJ, Scales of General Language Development; Marjanovič Umek, Kranjc, Fekonja in Bajc, 2004, and school readiness with the Preizkus pripravljenosti za šolo (PPŠ, Test of School Readiness; Toličič, 1986. The results indicate that children's intellectual ability and language competence have a high predictive value for the school readiness — they explained 51% of the variance in children's scores on the PPŠ. Preschool enrollment has a positive effect on school readiness for children whose parents have a low level of education, but not for those whose parents are highly educated.

  19. Breakfast, plasma glucose and beta-hydroxybutyrate, body mass index and academic performance in children from Extremadura, Spain Desayuno, glucosa y beta-hidroxibutirato plasmaticos, índice de masa corporal y rendimiento académico en niños de Extremadura, España

    OpenAIRE

    M.ª D. Torres; Carmona, I.; Campillo, C.; Pérez, G.; Campillo, J E

    2007-01-01

    Objectives: Nutritional aspects of breakfast, plasma levels of glucose and beta-hydroxybutyrate, body mass index and academic performance have been studied in urban and rural children (Extremadura, Spain). Methods: Representative samples of schoolchildren (3 to 12 years old, random cluster-sampling in schools). Results: Children's mean caloric intake with breakfast was 331 kcal. Rural population ingested more carbohydrates (46,9 ± 12,3% versus 43,3 ± 13,2% of the total caloric i...

  20. An ergonomic study on the biomechanical consequences in children, generated by the use of computers at school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paraizo, Claudia; de Moraes, Anamaria

    2012-01-01

    This research deals with the influence of the computer use in schools related to the children posture, in an ergonomic point of view. The research tries to identify probable causes for the children early postural constraints, relating it to the sedentary behavior and the lack of an ergonomic project in schools. The survey involved 186 children, between 8 and 12 years old, students of a private school in Rio de Janeiro-Brasil. An historical and theoretical school furniture research was conducted as well as a survey with the students and teachers, computer postural evaluation, ergonomic evaluation (RULA method), and observations in the computer classroom. The research dealt with the student's perception with respect to the furniture utilized by him in the classroom during the use of the computer, his body complaint, the time he spent working on the school computer and the possibility of the existence of sedentariness. Also deals with the teachers' perception and knowledge regarding ergonomics with reference to schoolroom furniture and its Regulatory Norms (RN). The purpose of the research work is to highlight the importance of this knowledge, having in view the possibility of the teachers' collaboration in the ergonomic adaptation of the classroom environment and in their conscientious opinion during the purchasing of this furniture. A questionnaire was utilized and its results showed some discontent on the part of the teachers with relation to the schoolroom furniture as well as the teachers' scant knowledge of Ergonomics.We conclude with a survey that despite the children had constraints in postural assessments and school furniture needs a major ergonomic action, the time that children use the computer at school is small compared with the time of use at home and therefore insufficient to be the main cause of quantified commitments, thus the study of computer use at home as a development and continuity of this research.

  1. Respiratory symptoms and asthma in primary school children in Kuala Lumpur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omar, A H

    1990-04-01

    In a cross-sectional study of 7 to 12-year-old primary school children in Kuala Lumpur, the prevalence of chronic cough and/or phlegm, persistent wheeze, and doctor-diagnosed asthma were 8.0%, 8.0% and 8.7%, respectively. The prevalence of asthma (defined as persistent wheeze and/or doctor-diagnosed asthma) was 13.8%. 4.3% experienced at least one episode of chest illness that resulted in inactivity for at least 3 days in the previous year. The mean age of commencement of symptoms in the doctor-diagnosed asthma group was 2.75 years. The prevalence of chronic cough and/or phlegm and persistent wheeze were highest among Indian children (p less than 0.05). More Malays had been diagnosed as having asthma than the other ethnic groups but the differences were not statistically significant. The patients' fathers' low levels of education were associated with chronic cough and/or phlegm (p less than 0.05) but not with other complaints. Asthma was significantly more common among boys than girls. No age differences were noted. Further analysis showed that persistent wheeze and doctor-diagnosed asthma were associated with increased likelihood of other respiratory illnesses or doctor-diagnosed allergy before the age of 2 years.

  2. The Prevalence of Bruxism and Correlated Factors in Children Referred to Dental Schools of Tehran, Based on Parent's Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seraj, Bahman; Shahrabi, Mehdi; Ghadimi, Sara; Ahmadi, Rahil; Nikfarjam, Jaleh; Zayeri, Farid; Taghi, Fatemeh Pour; Zare, Hadi

    2010-01-01

    Objective Bruxism is defined as the habitual nonfunctional forceful contact between occlusal tooth surfaces. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of bruxism and correlated factors in children referred to dental schools of Tehran, based on Parent's report. Methods This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 600 4-12 year-old children with a mean age of 7.4±2.4 years, who were referred to four dental schools in Tehran. After collecting information with questionnaire filled out by parents, χ2, Fisher Test, Mann-Whitney and t-Test were used to analyze the data. Findings The prevalence of bruxism was 26.2%. Bruxism begun in average at the age of 4.9±2 years. Also it occurred 2.6 times more in children who had a family history of bruxism (father-mother), compared to children who didn't have such a history. 87% of children with bruxism had a history of distressing events in their life, and 13% of children with bruxism did not report any history of distressing events in their life. In this study most common oral habit was nail biting. In study of parasomnias, drooling was the most, and snoring the least reported sleep disorder. Bruxism in children with drooling was twice more than in other children. The prevalence of bruxism in children with temporomandibular disorder was 63.6% and in children without TMD was 24.7%. Conclusion Based on Parent's report, 26.2% of children showed bruxism and there was a significant relation between bruxism and mother's job, family history, distressing event in life, parasomnias, especially drooling and sleep walking, TMD, hyperactivity, depression, acrophobia and lygophobia. PMID:23056700

  3. Children, Computers, and School Furniture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxwell, Lorraine E.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the rise of posture-related discomfort and injury in children using computers in their classrooms and explores the research in the area. Recommends greater effort in encouraging school furniture manufacturers to create ergonomically appropriate computer workstations. Advice on what children can do to lessen musculoskeletal discomfort…

  4. Pamidronic acid and cabergoline as effective long-term therapy in a 12-year-old girl with extended facial polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, prolactinoma and acromegaly in McCune-Albright syndrome: a case report

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    Classen Carl

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction McCune-Albright syndrome is a complex inborn disorder due to early embryonal postzygotic somatic activating mutations in the GNAS1 gene. The phenotype is very heterogeneous and includes polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, typically involving the facial skull, numerous café-au-lait spots and autonomous hyperfunctions of several endocrine systems, leading to hyperthyroidism, hypercortisolism, precocious puberty and acromegaly. Case presentation Here, we describe a 12-year-old Caucasian girl with severe facial involvement of fibrous dysplasia, along with massive acromegaly due to growth hormone excess and precocious puberty, with a prolactinoma. Our patient was treated with a bisphosphonate and the prolactin antagonist, cabergoline, resulting in the inhibition of fibrous dysplasia and involution of both the prolactinoma and growth hormone excess. During a follow-up of more than two years, no severe side effects were noted. Conclusion Treatment with bisphosphonates in combination with cabergoline is a suitable option in patients with McCune-Albright syndrome, especially in order to circumvent surgical interventions in patients suffering from polyostotic fibrous dysplasia involving the skull base.

  5. Epidemiological Factors for Dental Fluorosis among 12-year-old Age Goup in Industrial Zone of Baiyin City%白银市工业区域12岁人群氟牙症的行因素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨素萍; 彭晓泽; 王鸿玉; 赫永虎

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To investigate the oral health status and the prevalence of dental fluorosis for industrial region in Baiyin Cit-y, to analyze prevalence factors, and to explore prevention and treatment measures in order to provide information support to oral health care in Baiyin city.[Methods]Selected 480 people of 12-year-old residents of industrial region in Baiyin City with random, multi-stage, stratified sampling method, male and female are half-and-half. Inspection for fluorosis cases was conducted in accordance with the clinical inspection methods and standards for dental fluorosis of " The Third National Oral Health Epidemiology Survey Program". By using of SAS software to make statistics, the prevalence rate comparing was conducted by x2 te8t-[Results]Fluorosis prevalence rate of 12-year-old crowd was 31. 88% , fluorosis index was 0. 3, and dental fluorosis is in the prevalence edge.[Conclusion]Fluorosis prevalence rate and fluorosis index of industrial region in Baiyin city are higher than the national level, which are at the edge of prevalence and related to industrial region fluorine pollution and environmental fluorine pollution.%目的 了解白银市工业区域人群口腔健康状况及恒牙氟牙症流行状况,分析流行因素,探讨防治对策,为白银市口腔卫生保健工作提供信息支持.方法 采用多阶段、分层、等容量、随机抽样的方法,抽取白银市工业区域城乡12岁常住人口480人,男女各半.按照《第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查方案》中临床氟牙症的检查方法和标准,检查全口恒牙牙冠氟牙症情况.数据采用SAS软件统计,患病率比较采用x2检验.结果 12岁人群氟牙症患病率为31.88%,氟牙症指数为0.3,氟牙症处于流行边缘.尿和水的中氟含量均在正常范围.结论 白银市工业区域氟牙症患病率和氟牙症指数均高于全国水平,处于流行边缘,推测与工业区域空气氟污染和环境氟污染有关.

  6. Low zinc serum levels and high blood lead levels among school-age children in coastal area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pramono, Adriyan; Panunggal, Binar; Rahfiludin, M. Zen; Swastawati, Fronthea

    2017-02-01

    The coverage of environmental lead toxicant was quiet wide. Lead exposure recently has been expected to be associated with zinc deficiency and blood indices disturbance. Emphasizing on children, which could absorb more than 50 % of lead that enters the body. Lead became the issue on the coastal area due to it has polluted the environment and waters as the source of fisheries products. This was a cross sectional study to determined nutritional status, blood lead levels, zinc serum levels, blood indices levels, fish intake among school children in coastal region of Semarang. This study was carried out on the school children aged between 8 and 12 years old in coastal region of Semarang. Nutritional status was figured out using anthropometry measurement. Blood lead and zinc serum levels were analyzed using the Atomic Absorbent Spectrophotometry (AAS) at a wavelength of 213.9 nm for zinc serum and 283.3 nm for blood lead. Blood indices was measured using auto blood hematology analyzer. Fish intake was assessed using 3-non consecutive days 24-hours food recall. The children had high lead levels (median 34.86 μg/dl, range 11.46 - 58.86 μg/dl) compared to WHO cut off. Zinc serum levels was low (median 18.10 μg/dl, range 10.25 – 41.39 μg/dl) compared to the Joint WHO/UNICEF/IAEA/IZiNCG cut off. Approximately 26.4% of children were anemic. This study concluded that all school children had high blood lead levels, low zinc serum, and presented microcytic hypochromic anemia. This phenomenon should be considered as public health concern.

  7. Enuresis in School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stehbens, James A.

    1970-01-01

    Studies relating to the more popular explanations of enuresis, are discussed and research relating to each is presented. Evidence supporting, or failing to support, treatment methods is also presented. Research possibilities for the school psychologist are suggested. (Author)

  8. Unsettling Theology: Sunday school children reading the text of the Bible in the age of recolonisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nico Botha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available During Women’s month in South Africa (August, a group of Sunday school children from the rural congregation of the Uniting Reformed Church in Southern Africa (URCSA, Middelburg- Nasaret, got together to read the narratives of the resurrection of the daughter of Jairus and the healing of the woman suffering from a blood disease. The exercise which appears to be quite innocent is in a sense subversive in its hidden script. In the Reformed tradition, the pulpit as a centre of reading and preaching the Word has become the ‘holy of holiest’ which nobody, leave alone children, except the ordained minister could occupy. This is of course contrary to the intention of the Reformation to return the Bible to the people and have the people return to the Bible. The reading exercise of this article goes beyond all exegetical and theological presuppositions, unsettling conventional interpretations of Scripture. The children allow their real life experiences in the township of having witnessed, among others, child and women abuse to inform their reading of Mark 5:21–43. In the process they avoid a linear reading of the Bible which is based on the explication-application scheme of matters. Put differently, instead of doing a deductive reading of the portion, i.e. trying to explain or exegete the text clinically and then applying it to their context, they read it inductively, resulting in a hope sharing and hope giving understanding of the rising from the dead of the 12-year-old girl and the healing of the woman with a blood disease. A major spin-off of such reading of the Bible by children is the unlocking of refreshingly new avenues of reading the Bible and interpreting the text.

  9. Parenting School-Age Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... important role model in her life. For some children, however, school may cause frustration and stress. Learning disabilities can interfere with the joy of learning. Poor study habits and/or a lack of motivation can create academic difficulties. Sometimes youngsters may have ...

  10. Is body mass index truly related to dental caries? Survey on predisposing factors for overweight among Indian school children

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    Md Zabirunnisa Begum

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Globally, non-communicable diseases are increasingly recognized as a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Among them, overweight and obesity are imperative. The problem of overweight and obesity is not confined to adults but also to children and adolescents. The present changing dietary pattern among children is contributing to childhood overweight and on other hand stands as a risk factor in the development of dental caries, hence the study aimed to investigate the relation between overweight and dental caries among school children. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 5-6-year and 12-year-old school children to evaluate the relation between body mass index (BMI and dental caries. Using stratified random sampling technique 1017 school children were selected. Subjects who have brought consent from their parents were included and subjects who were absent on the day of examination were excluded. A pre-structured questionnaire was prepared to collect data regarding demographic details, oral hygiene practices, dentition status and treatment needs, (BMI, 24-hour diet history, physical activity, and television watching. The data collected were subjected to statistical analysis (SPSS V 16.0 using Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression tests. Results: "Risk of overweight" 20% and an "overweight" of 40% were observed. With BMI, parental overweight (P = 0.001, socioeconomic status (SES (P = 0.001, physical activity (P = 0.001 and television watching (P = 0.001 were found to be statistically related. Body mass index and dental caries were not statistically related. Conclusion: These complex and multifactorial relations like overweight and dental caries may involve many unknown factors which warrant exploration on larger population.

  11. MIXTECAN CHILDREN AT SCHOOL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    SWADESH, EVANGELINA ARANA

    SINCE ONLY ONE FOURTH OF THE POPULATION SPOKE SPANISH, THE LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION, EDUCATION BEFORE 1955 WAS ESSENTIALLY PRECLUDED FOR 150,000 MIXTECAN INDIANS LIVING IN SOUTHERN OAXACA, MEXICO. IN 1955, 7 ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS WERE ESTABLISHED BY THE NATIONAL INDIAN INSTITUTE, WITH TEACHERS FROM THE LOCAL POPULATION AND INSTRUCTION IN MIXTECO, THE…

  12. Physical Activity, Body Mass Index, and Cardiorespiratory Fitness among School Children in Taiwan: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pei-Lin Hsieh

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available There is evidence that cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity significantly reduce cardiovascular risks in adults. A better understanding of the association between cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, and childhood obesity is vital in assessing the benefits of interventions to prevent obesity. This study was to examine the relationship between physical activity, body mass index, and cardiorespiratory fitness levels in Taiwanese children. A cross-sectional study was designed. Study participants consisted of 2419 school children (1230 males and 1189 females aged 12 years old living in a southern Taiwan county with one the highest countrywide rates of childhood obesity. The weight status of the participants was defined as underweight, normal, overweight, or obese according to specific criteria. Cardiorespiratory fitness was then assessed by an 800-m run. Participants were queried on their physical activity habits via a questionnaire survey. The overall prevalence of overweight/obesity was 29.6%. Normal, underweight and overweight boys and girls had an increased odds ratio of being categorized with higher cardiorespiratory fitness than obese one for both gender. A significantly higher level of cardiorespiratory fitness was found in children who engaged in regular physical activity than in children who engaged only in irregular physical activity. Obese children are more likely to lack cardiorespiratory fitness. Physically active children have significantly better cardiorespiratory fitness levels than inactive children. This study supports the conclusion that BMI and physical activity are significantly correlated with cardiorespiratory fitness levels. Findings may provide educational professionals with information to assist their developing effective health promotion programs to healthy weight and improving cardiorespiratory fitness for children.

  13. NORMAL VALUES AND FACTORS AFFECTING FUNCTIONAL REACH TEST IN SAUDI ARABIA SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH TYPICAL DEVELOPMENT

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    Hatem A. Emara

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: The most critical feature of motor development is the ability to balance the body in sitting or standing. Impaired balance limits a child’s ability to recover from unexpected threats to stability. The functional reach test (FRT defines the maximal distance an individual is able to reach forward beyond arm’s length in a standing position without loss of balance, taking a step, or touching the wall. The Purpose of this study was to establish the normal values for FRT in Saudi Arabia school children with typical development and to study the correlation of anthropometric measures with FRT values. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Almadinah Almonawarah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A total of 280 children without disabilities aged 6 to 12 years were randomly selected. Functional reach was assessed by having subjects extend their arms to 90 degrees and reach as far forward as they could without taking a step. Reach distance was recorded by noting the beginning and final position of the subject's extended arm parallel to a yard stick attached to the wall. Three successive trials of FRT were performed and the mean of the three trials was calculated. Pearson product moment correlation was used to examine the association of FR to age, and anthropometric measures. Results: Normal mean values of FR ranged from 24.2cm to 33.95cm. Age, height and weight significantly correlate with FRT. Conclusion: The FRT is a feasible test to examine the balance of 6-12 year-old children. FRT may be useful for detecting balance impairment, change in balance performance over time.

  14. Epidemiological study on Buccal Health in the 12 years old population of Health Care Area VIII in Cienfuegos. Estudio epidemiológico de salud bucal en la población de 12 años del área VIII de salud de Cienfuegos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl López Fernández

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Background: The 12 years-old children population is worldwide taken as a reference age to compare the buccal health condition of different countries, by means of various indicators that measure the presence of the main buccal diseases. The knowledge of these epidemiological profiles generates information to guide the services planning policies of the Primary Health Care. Objective: To characterize 12 years-old population's buccal health condition. Methods: Cross- sectional descriptive correlative study with a stratified probabilistic sample of 90 children starting from a universe conformed by the 269 adolescents that constitute the total of the 12 years old population of the Health Care Area VIII in Cienfuegos municipality. Pearson’s chi-square and Mantel-Haenszel lineal tendency tests were used with the determination of the relative risk and reliance intervals of 95%. Results: The decay prevalence reached 54, 4%. The COP-D index was 2, 45 being the decayed component the major percentage with 4.6%. The periodontal disease was more frequent in boys than in girls, with 54, 9% and 30, 8% respectively. 80,9% of the segments is healthy. In those affected, the calculation prevailed in 11,7%. It was determined that faulty obturations, inheritance and faulty buccal hygiene were the most affecting risk factors for children with decays, while in the periodontal disease it was faulty buccal hygiene. Malocclusions presented a prevalence rate of 40%. Out of which, 55,6% required secondary level attention. Those with habits present a risk 2 times superior of making sick. The sick epidemiological category was present in 77,8% of the total. Conclusions: We emphasize the prevention need as core issue of the primary medical care in the world today; being the General-Integral Dentist a transforming agent that according to his/her formation is capable to assume the existent

  15. School-Based Interventions for Anxious Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, Gail A.; Layne, Ann E.; Egan, Elizabeth A.; Tennison, Dana M.

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To compare the effectiveness of three school-based interventions for anxious children: group cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for children, group CBT for children plus parent training group, and no-treatment control. Method: Students (7-11 years old) in three elementary schools (N = 453) were screened using the Multidimensional…

  16. Unhealthy Behaviours of School Children

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    Valeria LAZA

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The objective of the study was to ascertain nutritional customs of pupils in grade schools.Material and Method: Anonymous questionnaires were done to a sample of 380 children, aged 10 to 14, in 20 fourth-to eight grade classes from 2 schools in Cluj-Napoca: one from down-town, the other one from a poorer neighbourhood.Results: Almost half of students revealed to have an irregular diet. In the last month, some of them did not have enough food or money to buy it (much of them come from the poorer neighbourhood. In this latest school, a triple percent of children have a vegetable diet (no meat, in fact. The obsession to lose weight and the irregular diet has conducted to lose appetite in over 30% of girls. About 60% take vitamins or nutritional supplements. Social status as well as the irregular diet is reflected in general status: over one third feel sad, alone, useless or cry without any reason. Some of the pupils which have problems with daily food supply, think the life is hard and do not worth to live it.Conclusions: There is a wide diversity in nutritional customs of children. Some of them are due to inappropriate nutritional knowledge or a wrong perception of being on fashion as well as to social status. Although the economic conditions are difficult to change, we consider that nutrition education should still be a part of health teaching.

  17. Gender homophily from spatial behavior in a primary school: a sociometric study

    CERN Document Server

    Stehlé, J; Picard, T; Barrat, C Cattuto A

    2013-01-01

    We investigate gender homophily in the spatial proximity of children (6 to 12 years old) in a French primary school, using time-resolved data on face-to-face proximity recorded by means of wearable sensors. For strong ties, i.e., for pairs of children who interact more than a defined threshold, we find statistical evidence of gender preference that increases with grade. For weak ties, conversely, gender homophily is negatively correlated with grade for girls, and positively correlated with grade for boys. This different evolution with grade of weak and strong ties exposes a contrasted picture of gender homophily.

  18. 长沙市3~12岁儿童夜磨牙症流行病学调查%Epidemic Investigation of Bruxism in 3 to 12 Years Old Children in Changsha City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋彦; 李介民; 罗雪梅; 蔡益民; 刘继红

    2010-01-01

    目的 了解长沙市3~12岁儿童夜磨牙症的发生情况及相关影响因素.方法 2006年6月~2007年4月在长沙市5个行政辖区随机抽取2 706名3~12岁儿童,对受试儿童家长就患儿睡眠状况进行问卷调查.采用Excel表格和SPSS 11.5软件进行数据处理.结果 长沙市3~12岁儿童夜磨牙症发病率为9.5%.其中男9.7%,女9.3%,不同性别比较差异无统计学意义(χ2=0.120,P>0.05);3.0~5.9岁组、6.0~8.9岁组和9~12岁组儿童夜磨牙症的发生率分别为11.8%、10.4%和5.5%,不同年龄组间比较差异有统计学意义(χ2=20.588,P<0.01);睡眠姿势仰卧位组、侧卧位组和俯卧位组儿童磨牙症的发生率分别为6.7%、9.7%和11.5%,不同睡眠姿势组间比较差异有统计学意义(χ2=8.924,P<0.05).打鼾、父亲磨牙、母亲磨牙、夜间睡眠中醒来或哭闹、易冲动好动、父亲狂躁或抑郁、无午睡习惯是儿童夜磨牙症发牛的危险因素(P<0.05).结论 长沙市儿童夜磨牙症发病率较高,应引起重视.关注和改善不良影响因素有利于预防和减少夜磨牙症的发生.

  19. Prevalence and Distribution of Caries and Periodontal Disease among 12 Years Old Children in Jilin Province%吉林省12岁儿童龋病和牙周健康状况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程睿波; 程敏; 王瑞; 刘东玲; 宋为真; 孙淑敏

    2009-01-01

    目的:了解吉林省12岁儿童人群恒牙龋病和牙周病患病状况及分布,为口腔疾病防治策略提供依据.方法:根据全国第三次口腔健康流行病学调查的方法,对吉林省城乡788名12岁儿童的龋病和牙周病进行了调查.采用SPSS13.0软件包进行数据的统计分析,以龋均、患龋率和牙石、牙龈出血检出率作为统计指标,两样本均数的比较使用t检验,率的比较使用χ2检验. 结果:12岁儿童的恒牙患龋率43.65%,龋均为1.07,龋均和患龋率男女之间均有高度显著性差异(P<0.01),农村地区患龋率高于城市地区,但经检验差异无显著性意义,吉林省12儿童的显著性龋均指数为2.89;牙龈出血检出率为53.46%,牙结石检出率和平均检出区段数为76.40%和1.94.牙龈出血检出率和牙结石检出率城乡之间均有高度显著性差异(P<0.01).结论:12岁年龄组儿童患龋较高,牙周健康状况不良,应加强口腔卫生服务,以促进该人群口腔健康水平.

  20. Dental caries prevalence and risk factors among 12-year-old children in Daqing City%大庆市12岁儿童恒牙龋病状况及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尤欣; 董洁; 果利; 郝怡; 黄云

    2014-01-01

    目的 了解大庆市12岁儿童龋病患病情况及其影响因素,为大庆市龋病的防治工作提供科学依据.方法 采用分层、等容量、整群随机抽样的方法对大庆市初中一年级12岁儿童共510名进行恒牙龋病的流行病学调查,受检者同时填写调查问卷,问卷内容涉及人口学资料、进食碳酸型饮料的频率、进食饼干等甜食的频率、刷牙次数、含氟牙膏使用情况等.采用SPSS17.0统计软件对结果进行统计学分析.结果 大庆市12岁儿童患龋率为27.06%,龋均为0.58,男女患龋率分别为22.85%和32.17%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);logistic多因素回归分析显示是否为独生子女、刷牙次数与龋病的发生无相关性,性别、进食碳酸型饮料的频率、进食饼干等甜食的频率、含氟牙膏的使用与恒牙龋病有相关性.结论 大庆市12岁学生女性患龋率高于男性.女性、进食甜食或进食碳酸型饮料每天多于2次的儿童患龋病的概率大.

  1. Families with School-Age Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Kathleen; Schneider, Barbara; Butler, Donnell

    2011-01-01

    Most working parents face a common dilemma--how to care for their children when they are not in school but the parents are at work. In this article Kathleen Christensen, Barbara Schneider, and Donnell Butler describe the predictable and unpredictable scheduling demands school-age children place on working couples and single working parents. The…

  2. Effectiveness of school-based interventions in Europe to promote healthy nutrition in children and adolescents: systematic review of published and 'grey' literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Cauwenberghe, Eveline; Maes, Lea; Spittaels, Heleen; van Lenthe, Frank J; Brug, Johannes; Oppert, Jean-Michel; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

    2010-03-01

    The objective of the present review was to summarise the existing European published and 'grey' literature on the effectiveness of school-based interventions to promote a healthy diet in children (6-12 years old) and adolescents (13-18 years old). Eight electronic databases, websites and contents of key journals were systematically searched, reference lists were screened, and authors and experts in the field were contacted for studies evaluating school-based interventions promoting a healthy diet and aiming at primary prevention of obesity. The studies were included if they were published between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2007 and reported effects on dietary behaviour or on anthropometrics. Finally, forty-two studies met the inclusion criteria: twenty-nine in children and thirteen in adolescents. In children, strong evidence of effect was found for multicomponent interventions on fruit and vegetable intakes. Limited evidence of effect was found for educational interventions on behaviour, and for environmental interventions on fruit and vegetable intakes. Interventions that specifically targeted children from lower socio-economic status groups showed limited evidence of effect on behaviour. In adolescents, moderate evidence of effect was found for educational interventions on behaviour and limited evidence of effect for multicomponent programmes on behaviour. In children and adolescents, effects on anthropometrics were often not measured, and therefore evidence was lacking or delivered inconclusive evidence. To conclude, evidence was found for the effectiveness of especially multicomponent interventions promoting a healthy diet in school-aged children in European Union countries on self-reported dietary behaviour. Evidence for effectiveness on anthropometrical obesity-related measures is lacking.

  3. Oral health status and treatment needs among 12- and 15-year-old government and private school children in Shimla city, Himachal Pradesh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shailee, Fotedar; Girish, M. Sogi; Kapil, R. Sharma; Nidhi, Pruthi

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the dental caries, periodontal health, and malocclusion of school children aged 12 and 15 years in Shimla city and to compare them in government and private schools. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 12- and 15-year-old children in government and private schools was conducted in Shimla city, Himachal Pradesh, India. A sample of 1011 school children (both males and females) was selected by a two-stage cluster sampling method. Clinical recordings of dental caries and malocclusion were done according to World Health Organization diagnostic criteria 1997. Periodontal health was assessed by Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs index. The data collected was analyzed by SPSS package 13. The statistical tests used were t-test and Chi-square tests. Results: The prevalence of dental caries was 32.6% and 42.2% at 12 and 15 years, respectively. At the12 years of age, the mean decayed, missing, filled teeth was 0.62 ± 1.42 and it was 1.06 ± 2.93 at 15 years of age. Females had higher level of caries than males at both the ages. At both ages, mean of decayed teeth was statistically higher in government schools as compared with private schools. Children in government schools had significantly less number of mean filled teeth at both ages as compared with private schools. The healthy component of gingiva was present in higher percentage of children in private schools as compared with government schools at both the age groups. The prevalence of malocclusion among the 12- year-old (58.1%) was more as compared with that among the 15-year-old (53.5%). Conclusion: The caries experience of 12- and 15-year-old children was low but the prevalence of gingivitis and malocclusion was quite high. Effective oral health promotion strategies need to be implemented to improve the oral health of school children further in Shimla city. PMID:24478980

  4. School Social Work with Grieving Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn-Lee, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the research reported in this article was to advance understanding of the work of school social workers with grieving students. This research was aimed at answering the following question: What are school social workers' experiences working with grieving children? There were two steps in this study. Fifty-nine school social workers…

  5. Supporting Children's Transition to School Age Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dockett, Sue; Perry, Bob

    2016-01-01

    While a great deal of research has focused on children's experiences as they start school, less attention has been directed to their experiences--and those of their families and educators--as they start school age care. This paper draws from a recent research project investigating practices that promote positive transitions to school and school…

  6. 宁夏南部山区6~12岁回汉族学生患龋现况%Dental caries among 6-to 12-year-old Hui and Han students in Ningxia southern mountainous area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊瑞斌; 景俊; 席涛; 王胜朝

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解宁夏南部山区6~12岁回、汉族学生患龋状况,为有效开展龋病防治提供参考.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样方法,抽取宁夏南部山区6个区县12所小学2 907名6~ 12岁小学生进行龋病流行病学调查.结果 6~12岁学生总患龋率为60.7%,龋均为(1.76±2.08),龋齿充填构成比为1.6%;第一恒磨牙患龋率为26.8%,龋均为(0.45±0.86),龋齿充填构成比为2.4%,窝沟封闭率为6.7%;乳牙患龋率为47.0%,龋均为(1.31±1.87),龋齿充填构成比为1.3%.以上各指标不同民族、年龄、地区间差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.01),城乡、性别之间差异均无统计学意义(P值均>0.05).城市学生第一恒磨牙窝沟封闭率为10.2%,乡镇学校的窝沟封闭率为0.结论 宁夏南部山区6~12岁回、汉族学生患龋率较高,龋齿充填构成比、窝沟封闭率较低,应加强综合干预防龋措施.%Objective To investigate dental caries among 6-to 12-year-old Hui and Han students in Ningxia southern mountainous area.Methods Dental caries was assessed among 2 907 students aged from 6 to 12 years from 12 primary schools of Ningxia southern mountainous area by using the stratified,cluster sampling.Results The prevalence rate of caries was 60.7%,and the DMFT/dmft was(1.76±2.08).The filled rate of the total caries was 2.7%;prevalence rate of the first molars caries was 26.8% and the DMFT was(0.45±0.86).The filled rate of the caries was 2.4% in the first molars,and the rate of pit and fissure was 6.7%;the prevalence rate of deciduous tooth caries was 47% and the dmft was(1.31±1.87),and the filled rate of the caries was 1.3% in deciduous tooth.There were significant difference on caries status between nationality and age and region(P<0.01),but no significant difference between gender(P>0.05).The rate of pit and fissure in the first permanent molar was 10.2% among students in the urban school,while no students with was

  7. 正常学龄儿童超声骨密度测定分析%Analysis on bone mineral density detection by ultrasound in healthy school children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金萍; 赵文莉; 王丹

    2011-01-01

    目的:分析正常学龄儿童超声骨密度的变化规律,指导儿童临床和保健工作.方法:采用定量超声技术(QUS)测定长居广州市的475例6~12岁正常儿童的跟骨定量超声参数[超声传导速度(SOS)、超声衰减系数(BUA)和骨强度指数(STI)],同时测量受检者体重和身高.结果:6~12岁正常儿童SOS值随年龄增加而降低,BUA值随年龄增加而增加,STI值随年龄增加而降低,男童9岁、女童8岁时降至最低,之后随年龄增加而增加,在11岁时出现一高峰后又下降.同年龄男、女童的SOS、BUA、STI值比较差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:6~12岁正常儿童的超声骨密度因年龄不同而呈现不同规律,而同年龄男、女童比较差异无统计学意义,在评价时应予考虑.%Objective: To analyze the change regularity of ultrasonic bone mineral density in healthy school children, direct the children's clinical and health care works. Methods: Quantitative ultrasound technique was used to detect the calcaneal quantitative ultrasound parameters [ ultrasound conduction velocity (SOS), ultrasonic attenuation coefficient (BUA) and bone strength index (STI) ] of 475 healthy children aged 6 ~ 12 years old in Guangzhou, body weight and body height of the children were measured. Results: SOS of children aged 6 ~ 12 years old decreased with age, and BUA increased with age; STI decreased with age, STIs of 9 - year - old boy and 8 - year - old girl were the lowest, then increased with age, there was a peak in 11 - year - old, then decreased; there was no significant difference in SOS, BUA and STI between boys and girls in the same age groups. Conclusion: The ultrasonic bone mineral density of healthy children aged 6 ~ 12 years old changes with age, but there is no significant difference in SOS, BUA and STI between boys and girls in the same age groups,the phenomenon should be considered when evaluation is conducted.

  8. Relative weights of the backpacks of elementary-aged children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, Benjamin P; Bryant, Judith B

    2014-02-01

    The purpose of the study was to describe the range of relative backpack weights of one group of elementary-aged children and the extent to which they exceeded recommended levels. A second purpose was to explore whether gender and age help predict the relative weight of children's backpacks. Ninety-five 8- to 12-year-old elementary school students (56% girls; 88% car or bus riders) participated. Their school backpacks were weighed, and their age, gender, and mode of transportation to school were recorded. Only 40% of the sample carried backpacks that were less than 10% of their body weights. Five percent of the students' backpacks exceeded 20% of their body weights. Neither age group nor gender significantly predicted relative backpack weight or relative weight levels. Recommendations are made for ways to reduce the weight these young children carry.

  9. Effect of Low-fat Milk Consumption Compared to Apple Juice and Water on the Energy Intake Among 10-12-Year-Old Obese Boys: A Three-way Cross-over Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanaz Mehrabani

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: One serving of low-fat milk might affect the energy intake in a short-term period. The possible effect of frequent consumption of dairy products on long-term energy intake among children is needed to be examined.

  10. School Phobic Children and Adolescents: A Challenge to Counselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Sandra R.

    1980-01-01

    Although fearful avoidance of school is a complex and serious problem among school-age children, there are techniques available to professionals for assisting children to overcome school-related anxiety. It is important for school personnel to identify school-phobic children and to assist in planning the earliest possible intervention. (Author)

  11. Cognition, academic achievement, and epilepsy in school-age children: a case-control study in a developing country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melbourne Chambers, R; Morrison-Levy, N; Chang, S; Tapper, J; Walker, S; Tulloch-Reid, M

    2014-04-01

    We conducted a case-control study of 33 Jamaican children 7 to 12years old with uncomplicated epilepsy and 33 of their classroom peers matched for age and gender to determine whether epilepsy resulted in differences in cognitive ability and school achievement and if socioeconomic status or the environment had a moderating effect on any differences. Intelligence, language, memory, attention, executive function, and mathematics ability were assessed using selected tests from NEPSY, WISCR, TeaCh, WRAT3 - expanded, and Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices. The child's environment at home was measured using the Middle Childhood HOME inventory. Socioeconomic status was determined from a combination of household, crowding, possessions, and sanitation. We compared the characteristics of the cases and controls and used random effects regression models (using the matched pair as the cluster) to examine the relationship between cognition and epilepsy. We found that there was no significant difference in IQ, but children with epilepsy had lower scores on tests of memory (p<0.05), language (p<0.05), and attention (p<0.01) compared with their controls. In random effects models, epilepsy status had a significant effect on memory (coefficient=-0.14, CI: -0.23, -0.05), language (coefficient=-0.13, CI: -0.23, -0.04), and mathematics ability (coefficient=-0.01, CI: -0.02, -0.00). Adjustment for the home environment and socioeconomic status and inclusion of interaction terms for these variables did not alter these effects. In conclusion, we found that epilepsy status in Jamaican children has a significant effect on performance on tests of memory, language, and mathematics and that this effect is not modified or explained by socioeconomic status or the child's home environment.

  12. Disabled Children Face Bullying Throughout School Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/news/fullstory_162772.html Disabled Children Face Bullying Throughout School Years More must be done to ... 29, 2016 WEDNESDAY, Dec. 28, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Bullying is a problem that affects almost all students ...

  13. School bus and children's traffic safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PAN Shu-ming; Stephen Hargarten; ZHU Shan-kuan

    2007-01-01

    There is no safer way to transport a child than a school bus. Fatal crashes involving occupants are extremely rare events in the US. In recent years, school bus transportation began to develop in China. We want to bring advanced experience on school bus safety in Western countries such as the US to developing countries.Methods: We searched the papers related to school bus safety from Medline, Chinese Scientific Journals Database and the Web of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).Results: There were only 9 papers related to school bus safety, which showed that higher levels of safety standards on school buses, school bus-related transportation and environmental laws and injury prevention were the primary reasons for the desired outcome. Few school bus is related to deaths and injuries in the developed countries.Conclusions: The developing countries should make strict environmental laws and standards on school bus safety to prevent children's injury and death.

  14. Buying behaviour of children at secondary school

    OpenAIRE

    Snížková, Kateřina

    2016-01-01

    The bachelor thesis deals with buying behaviour of children at secondary school. The aim is to describe their buying behaviour and find out their motivational factors to purchase factors with a focus on advertisement. In the theoretical part is specified buying behaviour and factors influencing consumer. Gen Z and Net generation, in which children at secondary school class, are characterized. It described their buying behaviour and specification that characterize this generation. A part of th...

  15. Serving Hispanic School-Aged Children in after School Programming: Implications for School Social Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberg, Joy Pastan

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. school-age population has been experiencing dramatic demographic changes over the past two decades. Hispanic students constitute the fastest growing student group today, and this growth is expected to continue such that there will be more Hispanic school-aged children than non-Hispanic school-aged children in 2050. Unfortunately, Hispanic…

  16. Children, Schools, & Inequality. Social Inequality Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Entwisle, Doris R.; And Others

    Findings from the Beginning School Study, conducted in Baltimore (Maryland) are used to show how differences in family circumstances translate into beliefs and activities that help or hinder children's development. The Beginning School Study started in 1982 and has followed 790 randomly selected Baltimore students from first-grade in 1982 through…

  17. Ritalin for School Children: The Teachers' Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robin, Stanley S.; Bosco, James J.

    Research in an urban public school system (Grand Rapids, Michigan) was conducted to determine teachers' view of Ritalin for school children. Three questions were addressed: what contact with and information about Ritalin do teachers have; what attitude do teachers express toward Ritalin; and what professional behaviors do teachers report in regard…

  18. The School Children's Development in Language Skills

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史崔丽

    2009-01-01

    @@ During the school years, children's development in cognition enables them to focus their thinking on the facts and relationships less intuitively and more analytically. Growing language abilities complement these cognitive skills. As a result, older children can discuss and explain their world and themselves in ways no presehoolers can. And the ability to plan and follow through on cognitive strategies further distinguishes older children from preschoolers.

  19. Swiss Children's Moral and Psychological Judgments about Inclusion and Exclusion of Children with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasser, Luciano; Malti, Tina; Buholzer, Alois

    2014-01-01

    Children's judgments about inclusion and exclusion of children with disabilities were investigated in a Swiss sample of 6-, 9-, and 12-year-old children from inclusive and noninclusive classrooms (N = 422). Overall, the majority of children judged it as morally wrong to exclude children with disabilities. Yet, participants were less likely to…

  20. Prevalence of dental fluorosis among primary school children in rural areas of Chidambaram taluk, Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saravanan S

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Fluorosis is one of the common but major emerging areas of research in the tropics. It is considered endemic in 17 states of India. However, the Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu is categorised as a fluorosis non-endemic area. But clinical cases of dental fluorosis were reported in the field practice area of Department of Community Medicine, Rajah Muthiah Medical College, Annamalai University, Chidambaram. Since dental fluorosis has been described as a biomarker of exposure to fluoride, we assessed the prevalence and severity of dental fluorosis among primary school children in the service area. Materials and Methods: Children studying in six primary schools of six villages in the field practice area of Rural Health Centre of Faculty of Medicine, Annamalai University, Chidambaram, were surveyed. Every child was clinically examined at the school by calibrated examiners with Dean′s fluorosis index recommended by WHO (1997. Chi-square test, Chi-square trend test and Spearman′s rank correlation coefficient test were used for statistical analysis. Results: Five hundred and twenty-five 5- to 12-year-old school children (255 boys and 270 girls were surveyed. The overall dental fluorosis prevalence was found to be 31.4% in our study sample. Dental fluorosis increased with age P < 0.001, whereas gender difference was not statistically significant. Aesthetically objectionable dental fluorosis was found in 2.1% of the sample. Villages Senjicherry, Keezhaperambai and Kanagarapattu revealed a community fluorosis index (CFI score of 0.43, 0.54 and 0.54 with 5.6%, 4.8% and 1.4% of objectionable dental fluorosis, respectively. Correlation between water fluoride content and CFI values in four villages was noted to be positively significant. Conclusion: Three out of six villages studied were in ′borderline′ public health significance (CFI score 0.4-0.6. A well-designed epidemiological investigation can be undertaken to evaluate the risk factors

  1. Anemia among school children in eastern Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khatiwada, Saroj; Gelal, Basanta; Gautam, Sharad; Tamang, Man Kumar; Shakya, Prem Raj; Lamsal, Madhab; Baral, Nirmal

    2015-06-01

    Anemia is one of the most common public health problems in developing countries like Nepal. This study was done to find the prevalence of anemia among the children aged 4-13 years in eastern Nepal. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012 in four districts (Morang, Udayapur, Bhojpur and Ilam) of eastern Nepal to find the prevalence of anemia among the school children of eastern Nepal. Children aged 4-13 years were selected randomly from different schools of above districts and 618 venous blood samples were collected. Hemoglobin level was estimated by using cyanmethemoglobin method. The mean hemoglobin level was 12.2 ± 1.82 gm/dl. About 37.9% (n = 234) children were found anemic. Anemia prevalence was 42.4% (n = 78), 31.6% (n = 60), 45.3% (n = 48) and 34.8% (n = 48) among school children of Morang, Udayapur, Bhojpur and Ilam district, respectively. The study finds anemia as a significant health problem among the school children of eastern Nepal.

  2. [Stress in school-age children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plourde, R G

    1994-10-01

    In April 1988, following preliminary research, Notre Dame Elementary School in Edmunston, N.B. initiated a pilot project entitled Management of Children's Stress. Using a three-dimensional process, parents, teachers and students collaborated to empower all students enrolled at the school to effectively manage their day-to-day stress. To prepare, the children, parents and teachers participated in nine- and 15-hour education sessions, respectively. Various techniques, including deep breathing exercises, stretching, relaxation techniques and listening to music, were considered. Visualization, maximizing the mind's potential to envision relaxing images, became the preferred technique. In addition to complementing other relaxation techniques used by the children, visualization facilitated their learning; developed and improved their concentration, motivation and self-confidence; gave them a positive self-image; and reduced health problems. The project has surpassed all expectations. In March 1993, it became part of a Quality of Life Education Project at the school.

  3. Sleep problems in primary school children: comparison between mainstream and special school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quine, L

    2001-05-01

    This paper reports on a study of the prevalence and social correlates of dyssomnias, features associated with obstructive sleep apnoea, and parasomnias in primary school children aged 4-12. Head teachers of schools selected randomly from lists of local primary and special schools were contacted by telephone and asked to distribute a questionnaire package to the parents of all pupils aged 4-12 years. In all, 890 parents of children from mainstream schools and 300 from special schools were approached. The response rates were 64.7% and 60%, respectively. The results showed that significantly higher proportions of children in special schools than in mainstream schools presented four of the five dyssomnias investigated and all of the features associated with obstructive sleep apnoea. In contrast, only two of the seven parasomnias were presented by higher proportions of the children in special schools. Age and gender differences for the two groups of children are presented. Finally, multiple correlations were computed between a range of child, family, and environmental characteristics and the three problems most frequently reported: frequency of settling problems; sleeping in the parents' bed; and night waking. The findings are discussed with reference to other studies of children's sleep problems, and the implications for treatment are considered.

  4. School playground facilities as a determinant of children's daily activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Glen; Bugge, Anna; Hermansen, Bianca;

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the influence of school playground facilities on children's daily physical activity.......This study investigates the influence of school playground facilities on children's daily physical activity....

  5. Oral Health: What Parents Can Do: School Age Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Oral Health What Parents Can Do: School Age Children Past ... offices, clinics, and sometimes in schools. Read More "Oral Health" Articles Children's Dental Health / What Parents Can Do: ...

  6. A Review of School Reintegration Programs for Children with Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prevatt, Frances F.; Heffer, Robert W.; Lowe, Patricia A.

    2000-01-01

    Descriptive articles on school reintegration programs for children with cancer are reviewed to synthesize the information of best practices for program development. Suggestions are given for school psychologists working with chronically ill children. (Author/JDM)

  7. Growth performance of 12 year old air layered Madhuca latifolia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sangram Bhanudas Chavan

    2014-12-01

    It is concluded that, the growth of air-layered Mahua is better when compared to published literature on seedling originated mahus. Based on this study, it is proved that air layering of mahua is cheap and best method to produce quality planting material. Further large scale investigation on performance of air-layered mahua plantations will provide early returns in terms of flowers and seed to sustain local livelihood. The stature of air layered mahua is well suited for agroforestry plantations.

  8. Fitness and Your 6- to 12-Year-Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... kids learn about sportsmanship , setting goals, meeting challenges, teamwork, and the value of practice. Keep in mind ... doctor. © 1995- The Nemours Foundation. All rights reserved. Images provided by The Nemours Foundation, iStock, Getty Images, ...

  9. The prevalence of fibromyalgia among school children in Kalubia

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Aim of the work This study aimed to determine the prevalence of juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome (JFMS) among school children in Kalubia. Patients and methods This is a cross-sectional study conducted on school children in Kalubia governorate in January 2012 to determine the prevalence of fibromyalgia syndrome among school children. A total of 2000 children attending on the days of our visits were recruited from (a) primary and (b) preparatory schools. JFMS was diagnosed according to ...

  10. Transition of special needs children from kindergarten to primary school

    OpenAIRE

    Purkat, Maja

    2016-01-01

    In my master's thesis, I dealt with the issue of transition of special needs children from kindergarten to school. First, I provided a general description of the term transition, and then I focused more on the period when children first enter school. I described two dominant approaches to transition of children when starting schoolschool readiness and transition in accordance with the ecological model. I showed why this transition to school may represent an obstacle, what may hinder the pr...

  11. Communicating Astronomy to School Children Through Art

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz-Gil, A.; Collado, M. G.

    2011-06-01

    Artistic activities permeate our culture and our education, mainly because they speak of our most precious and intimate feelings, hopes, fears and sensations. Art constitutes, therefore, a universal language that can communicate and inspire through time and space, addressed to anybody with any kind of background. The power of inspiration of art is a wonderful way to excite children's imagination while communicating astronomical concepts. We present an example of communicating astronomy through different kinds of art pieces to school children. Also, children artworks are very useful to understand many of their conceptions and misconceptions about astronomical concepts.

  12. Idiopathic scoliosis in Korean schoolchildren: a prospective screening study of over 1 million children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suh, Seung-Woo; Modi, Hitesh N; Yang, Jae-Hyuk; Hong, Jae-Young

    2011-07-01

    Cross-sectional epidemiologic scoliosis screening was carried out to determine the current prevalence of scoliosis in the Korean population and to compare with the results of previous studies. Between 2000 and 2008, 1,134,890 schoolchildren underwent scoliosis screening. The children were divided into two age groups, 10-12-year-olds (elementary school) and 13-14-year-olds (middle school), to calculate age- and sex-specific prevalence rates. Children with a scoliometer reading ≥5° were referred for radiograms. Two surgeons independently measured curve types, magnitudes, and Risser scores (inter-observer r = 0.964, intra-observer r = 0.978). Yearly and overall prevalence rates of scoliosis were calculated. There were 584,554 boys and 550,336 girls in the sample, with a male to female ratio of 1.1:1. There were 77,910 (6.2%) children (26,824 boys and 51,086 girls) with scoliometer readings >5°, and 37,339 of them had positive results with Cobb angles ≥10° (positive predictive value, 46.4%). The overall scoliosis prevalence rate was 3.26%; girls had a higher prevalence (4.65%) than boys (1.97%). Prevalence rates increased progressively from 1.66 to 6.17% between 2000 and 2008, with the exception of 2002. According to age and gender, 10-12-year-old girls had the highest scoliosis prevalence rates (5.57%), followed by 13-14-year-old girls (3.90%), 10-12-year-old boys (2.37%), and 13-14-year-old boys (1.42%). In girls and boys, prevalence rates dropped by 64.53 and 60.65% among 10-12-year-olds and 13-14-year-olds, respectively (P = 0.00). The proportion of 10°-19° curves was 95.25 and 84.45% in boys and girls, respectively; and the proportion of 20°-29° curves was 3.91 and 11.28%, which was a significant difference (P = 0.00). Thoracic curves were the most common (47.59%) followed by thoracolumbar/lumbar (40.10%), double (9.09%), and double thoracic (3.22%) curves. A comparison of the curve patterns revealed significant differences between genders (P = 0

  13. Swiss Children's Moral and Psychological Judgments about Inclusion and Exclusion of Children with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasser, Luciano; Malti, Tina; Buholzer, Alois

    2014-01-01

    Children's judgments about inclusion and exclusion of children with disabilities were investigated in a Swiss sample of 6-, 9-, and 12-year-old children from inclusive and noninclusive classrooms (N = 422). Overall, the majority of children judged it as morally wrong to exclude children with disabilities. Yet, participants were less likely to…

  14. Children's School Placement in Germany: Does Kindergarten Attendance Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiess, C. Katharina; Buchel, Felix; Wagner, Gert G.

    2003-01-01

    Examined the relationship between kindergarten attendance and seventh-grade school placement of children in West Germany, differentiating associations for children of citizens from those of immigrants' children. Found a significant relationship between kindergarten attendance and later school placement for children in immigrant households but not…

  15. Perceptions of Elementary School Children's Parents Regarding Sexuality Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Christine M.; Telljohann, Susan K.; Price, James H.; Dake, Joseph A.; Glassman, Tavis

    2015-01-01

    This study examined the preferences of parents of elementary school-aged children regarding when sexuality topics should be discussed in school and at home. The survey was mailed to a national random sample of parents of elementary school age children. Overall, 92% of parents believed that sexuality education should be taught in schools.…

  16. 南京市城区12岁学生恒牙龋危险因素的Logistic回归分析%Logistic regression analysis of risk factors of permanent teeth caries in 12-year-old students in urban areas of Nanjing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世超; 沈家平; 周红艳; 刘怡然; 沈红

    2012-01-01

    Objective To analyze the influencing factors of permanent teeth caries in 12-year-old students to provide evidence for caries prevention programs. Methods Sample 750 12-year-old students with multi-stage, random and cluster sampling method from urban areas of Nanjing and carry out oral examination and questionnaire to investigate their demographics, oral hygiene and food habits. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the results. Results Female, drinking milk, carbonated beverage, and eating sweet food like candy or chocolate are the risk factors of permanent teeth caries; brushing teeth can reduce caries occurrence. Conclusions We should strengthen and promote the oral health education and its publicity,as well as the right eating and oral hygiene habits.%目的 分析影响12岁学生恒牙龋病流行的相关因素,为开展龋病预防工作提供依据.方法 采用多阶段、随机、整群抽样的方法抽取南京市城区小学12岁学生共750例进行问卷调查及口腔检查,调查内容包括:人口学状况、口腔卫生习惯、饮食习惯等.采用Logistic回归分析对调查结果进行分析.结果 “女性”,“喝牛奶”,“碳酸饮料”,“吃糖果/巧克力等甜食”是恒牙龋发生的危险因素;刷牙可以减少龋病发生.结论 应加强学生口腔健康教育工作,养成良好的饮食习惯和口腔卫生习惯.

  17. Children, Schools and Hallowe'en

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plater, Mark

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the attitudes and experiences of key stage one and two children concerning the British autumn festival of Hallowe'en, and then compares the results with data on the attitudes and practices of British primary schools and their teachers towards the festival, showing that there is a discordance between the two. After outlining…

  18. Children Diagnosed with Cancer: Returning to School

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cancer: Late Effects of Cancer Treatment . How your child’s cancer may affect schoolwork Most children adjust well to ... what to say when others ask about the cancer. Talk with your child about going back to school and about being ...

  19. Children's Need to Know: Curiosity in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Susan

    2011-01-01

    In this essay, Susan Engel argues that curiosity is both intrinsic to children's development and unfolds through social interactions. Thus, it should be cultivated in schools, even though it is often almost completely absent from classrooms. Calling on well-established research and more recent studies, Engel argues that interactions between…

  20. Families with school-age children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Kathleen; Schneider, Barbara; Butler, Donnell

    2011-01-01

    Most working parents face a common dilemma--how to care for their children when they are not in school but the parents are at work. In this article Kathleen Christensen, Barbara Schneider, and Donnell Butler describe the predictable and unpredictable scheduling demands school-age children place on working couples and single working parents. The authors assess the potential capacity of schools to help meet the needs of working families through changes in school schedules and after-school programs and conclude that the flexibility parents need to balance family-work responsibilities probably cannot be found in the school setting. They argue that workplaces are better able than schools to offer the flexibility that working parents need to attend to basic needs of their children, as well as to engage in activities that enhance their children's academic performance and emotional and social well-being. Two types of flexible work practices seem especially well suited to parents who work: flextime arrangements that allow parents to coordinate their work schedules with their children's school schedules, and policies that allow workers to take short periods of time off--a few hours or a day or two-to attend a parent-teacher conference, for example, or care for a child who has suddenly fallen ill. Many companies that have instituted such policies have benefited through employees' greater job satisfaction and employee retention. Yet despite these measured benefits to employers, workplaces often fall short of being family friendly. Many employers do not offer such policies or offer them only to employees at certain levels or in certain types of jobs. Flexible work practices are almost nonexistent for low-income workers, who are least able to afford alternative child care and may need flexibility the most. Moreover the authors find that even employees in firms with flexible practices such as telecommuting may be reluctant to take advantage of them, because the workplace culture

  1. SUCCES AT SCHOOL IN VISUALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanika DIKIC

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available The research included 200 visually impaired children of primary school during the period from 1992 to 1996. By means of adequate instruments we have tested the relation between the success at school of partially seeing children and hyperkinetic behavior, active and passive vocabulary richness, visuo-motoric coordination and the maturity of handwriting. Besides the already known factors (intellectual level, specific learning disturbances, emotional and neurotic disturbances, cultural deprivation, the success in class depends very much on the intensity of hyperkinetic behavior as well as its features: unstable attention, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Visual-motor coordination eye-hand and the maturity of handwriting have a strong influence on their success at school.

  2. Children's Strategies on the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunkels, Elza

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an interview study of 104 12-year old children. The aim was to learn more about how children use the Internet, what they find negative on the Internet and what coping strategies they use. The media debate seems to display consensus regarding what threats the Internet poses to young people. However, this study…

  3. Dutch Primary Schoolchildren's Perspectives of Activity-Friendly School Playgrounds: A Participatory Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caro, Helena Elisabeth Elsje; Altenburg, Teatske Maria; Dedding, Christine; Chinapaw, Mai Jeanette Maidy

    2016-01-01

    School playgrounds are important physical activity (PA) environments for children, yet only a small number of children reaches the target of 40% of moderate-to-vigorous PA time during recess. The aim of this study was to explore children's perspectives (i.e., child-identified determinants) of activity-friendly school playgrounds. We conducted participatory research with children as co-researchers, framed as a project to give children the opportunity to discuss their views and ideas about their school playgrounds. At three schools, six children (9-12 years old) met over five to seven group meetings. Data analysis included children's conclusions obtained during the project and the researcher's analysis of written reports of all meetings. Children indicated a strong desire for fun and active play, with physical playground characteristics and safety, rules and supervision, peer-interactions, and variation in equipment/games as important determinants. Our results indicate that improving activity-friendliness of playgrounds requires an integrated and multi-faceted approach. It also indicates that children, as primary users, are able to identify barriers for active play that are easily overlooked, unknown or differently perceived by adults. Hence, we believe that structural involvement of children in designing, developing and improving playgrounds may increase children's' active play and consequently PA levels during recess.

  4. How do different components of Effortful Control contribute to children's mathematics achievement?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Pérez, Noelia; Fuentes, Luis J; Pina, Violeta; López-López, Jose A; González-Salinas, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    This work sought to investigate the specific contribution of two different components of Effortful Control (EC) -attentional focusing (AF) and inhibitory control- to children's mathematics achievement. The sample was composed of 142 children aged 9-12 year-old. EC components were measured through the Temperament in Middle Childhood Questionnaire (TMCQ; parent's report); math achievement was measured via teacher's report and through the standard Woodcock-Johnson test. Additionally, the contribution of other cognitive and socio-emotional processes was taken into account. Our results showed that only AF significantly contributed to the variance of children's mathematics achievement; interestingly, mediational models showed that the relationship between effortful attentional self-regulation and mathematics achievement was mediated by academic peer popularity, as well as by intelligence and study skills. Results are discussed in the light of the current theories on the role of children's self-regulation abilities in the context of school.

  5. Occurrence of dental caries in primary and permanent dentition, oral health status and treatment needs among 12-15 year old school children of Jorpati VDC, Kathmandu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, N; Acharya, J; Sagtani, A R; Shrestha, R; Shrestha, S

    2014-12-01

    Dental caries occurrence, distribution, oral health status and corresponding treatment needs in 12 - 15 year old children are useful tools for evaluation of oral health. Dental caries status along with its treatment needs was recorded according to World Health Organization (WHO) index (1997) in 366 children from five schools within Jorpati Village Development Committee (VDC), Kathmandu. Dental caries was diagnosed in 156 (42.6%) children, out of which 122 (78.21%) had caries in permanent teeth, 26 (16.67%) had caries in primary teeth, and 8 (5.13%) had caries in both dentition. The age wise distribution of dental caries showed the highest prevalence among 12 year old students (23.8%) and the lowest among 15 year olds (3.8%). Among the female students (177), 43.5% showed presence of dental caries, while the prevalence among male students (179) was 41.8%.Out of the total number of teeth affected by dental caries (336), 273 (81.25%) were permanent teeth and 63 (18.75%) were primary teeth. The intra arch distribution of dental caries in permanent as well as primary dentition was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Restorative treatment (89.38%) was the main need in permanent dentition, and endodontic treatment (60.32%) in primary dentition. Chronologic enamel hypoplasia was found in 14 (3.83%) of the total population, and 62 (16.94%) required oral prophylaxis. These findings are significant as they can initiate further research in this area, which may help establish reliable baseline data for implementation of preventive oral health programs.

  6. Nocturnal enuresis among primary school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Mohamed Aljefri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To determine the prevalence and personal and family risk factors for nocturnal enuresis (NE among primary school children in Al-Mukalla City, Yemen, we conducted a cross-sectional survey using a self-administered, three-part structured questionnaire involving 832 school children aged 6 - 15 years between 2007 and 2008. We assessed participants′ socio-demographic factors, family characteristics and factors related to the presence of NE. The mean age of the children was 11.5 (±2.7 years. The overall prevalence of NE was 28.6%, with a predominance of girls, and the prevalence decreased with increasing age (P 0.002 and a higher number of siblings (P = 0.01. Our findings reveal a high prevalence of NE among children in Al-Mukalla City, Yemen, with a higher prevalence in girls than in boys compared with the other studies. Sleep pattern, stressful life events, family history of NE, large family size and more children in the household may act as a risk factor for NE.

  7. Motor Development of Deaf Children with and without Cochlear Implants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gheysen, Freja; Loots, Gerrit; Van Waelvelde, Hilde

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a cochlear implant (CI) on the motor development of deaf children. The study involved 36 mainstreamed deaf children (15 boys, 21 girls; 4- to 12-years old) without any developmental problems. Of these children, 20 had been implanted. Forty-three hearing children constituted a comparison…

  8. Maternal Parenting Styles, School Involvement, and Children's School Achievement and Conduct in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stright, Anne Dopkins; Yeo, Kim Lian

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the roles of children's perceptions of maternal parenting styles (warmth, psychological control, and behavioral control) and maternal involvement in school-focused parenting practices (home-based involvement, home-school conferencing, and school-based involvement) predicting children's school achievement and conduct in…

  9. SCHOOL INTEGRATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lioara-Bianca BUBOIU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The right to education is a fundamental right that should not be and can not be denied to any child regardless of his condition of normality or deviation from it. The historic route of educational policies regarding the children with disabilities experienced a positive evolution, from denying the possibility of attending a mainstream school, to current policies of integration and inclusion based on the idea of equal opportunities The rejection of what is considered atypical, unknown, strange, unusual, is the result of perpetuating stereotypes, prejudices regarding the disability, constituting signs of less advanced societies. Is the duty of society to accept children / people with disabilities as part of the reality that surrounds us, and try by all means not to turn a disable child into one normal child, but to normalize the conditions of his life, to give him the possibility to live the same social and school experiences that live any other typically child.

  10. Children's Responses to Daily Social Stressors: Relations with Parenting, Children's Effortful Control, and Adjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valiente, Carlos; Lemery-Chalfant, Kathryn; Swanson, Jodi

    2009-01-01

    Background: We examined children's coping and involuntary stress responses as mediators of the relations between parenting or children's effortful control (EC) and adjustment. Method: Two hundred and forty primarily Mexican American 7- to 12-year-old children reported on their EC, coping, involuntary stress responses, and problem behaviors.…

  11. Birth Order and Maladaptive Behavior in School-Aged Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmichael, Karla D.

    Drawing on Alfred Adler's theories on the effect of birth order on maladaptive behavior in children, this study focused on the relationship between birth order and the referral to counseling of school-aged children with maladaptive disorder. School-aged children (N=217) with academic or behavioral problems, ages 5 to 18, were referred to the staff…

  12. School Social Work with Grieving Children in the Twin Cities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn-Lee, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    A review of the literature reveals few articles that deal with social work with grieving children in the public school setting. The purpose of this research is to describe and analyze the services that school social workers provide to grieving children. Grieving children are defined as those who have experienced loss through death of someone…

  13. School Readiness and Children's Developmental Status. ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zill, Nicholas; And Others

    In order to provide data to help schools respond to the diversity in the backgrounds and educational needs of children entering school, a U.S. Department of Education study asked parents of 3- to 5-year-old children who had not yet started kindergarten about their children's accomplishments that indicated emerging literacy and numeracy skills and…

  14. Educational Specifications for Hope School for Exceptional Children and Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson County Public Schools, Marianna, FL.

    A presentation of the Hope School's physical plant and program specifications is introduced with a listing of the specifications committee, a history of the school, the needs of the children served, and a philosophy of teaching mentally handicapped children. Areas discussed are school-wide specifications, the administrative complex, the diagnostic…

  15. The study of the character strengths in children: Relations with the psychological well-being, social desirability and personality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldana Sol Grinhauz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to verify the existence of associations between character strengths, psychological welfare, social desirability and personality in children of 10 to12 years old. 518 children (254 boys and 263 girls between 10 and 12 years old and attending public and private schools in the City of Buenos Aires (Argentina participated on this study. The following were administered: a socio–demographic survey; a survey to assess the PERMA ́s access to welfare theory five elements, the Virtues and Strengths Inventory for Children; Children’s Personality Questionnaire and Children’s Social Desirability Scale. The results showed that, as in previous studies, vitality, hope and curiosity were the strengths most associated with life satisfaction. At the same time, statistically significant correlations between the PERMA ́s access to welfare theory five elements (Seligman, 2011 and most of the character ́s strengths were found. Meanwhile, the strengths were also found associated with the Five Great Personality Factors model and social desirability. Finally, differences in the presence of the character strengths according to sex and age were found. 

  16. Blood Pressure Percentiles for School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail Özanli

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The prevalence of hypertension in childhood and adolescence is gradually increasing. We aimed to in­vestigate the blood pressure (BP values of children aged 7-18 years. Methods: This study was conducted in a total of 3375 (1777 females, 1598 males children from 27 schools. Blood pressures of children were measured using sphyg­momanometer appropriate to arm circumference. Results: A positive relationship was found between sys­tolic blood pressure (SBP and diastolic blood pressure (DBP and the body weight, height, age and body mass index (BMI in male and female children. SBP was high­er in males than females after the age of 13. DBP was higher in males than the females after the age of 14. The mean annual increase of SBP was 2.06 mmHg in males and 1.54 mmHg in females. The mean annual increase of DBP was 1.52 mmHg in males and 1.38 mmHg in fe­males. Conclusion: In this study, we identified the threshold val­ues for blood pressure in children between the age of 7 and 18 years in Erzurum province. It is necessary to com­bine and evaluate data obtained from various regions for the identification of BP percentiles according to the age, gender and height percentiles of Turkish children.

  17. Health lifestyles of pre-school children in Nordic countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunnarsdottir, Hrafnhildur; Povlsen, Lene; Ringsberg, Karin C

    2013-01-01

    Holistic understanding of health is one of the key principles of health promotion indicating that the health status of individuals and populations is determined by a variety of environmental, economic, social and personal factors. Traditionally, research focus has been on school-aged children...... and school-based interventions and less on pre-school children and their families' engagement in promoting health in everyday life. The aim of the present study was to explore factors that parents of pre-school children in the Nordic countries experienced as influencing health lifestyles in their children......'s everyday lives. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 parents of pre-school children in the five Nordic countries. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data. The parents identified themselves as the primary shapers of their children's lifestyles and described influencing factors...

  18. HYGIENE PRACTICES AMONG RURAL SCHOOL CHILDREN IN PUDUCHERRY”

    OpenAIRE

    Basanta Kumar; Saubhagya Kumar; Shakthipriya; Anugya Aparajita; Soumya

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: AIM: To assess the hygiene practices among rural school children. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross - sectional study was conducted at Government higher secondary school in rural ar ea of Puducherry. METHODS AND MATERIAL : Around 214 children studying in standard 6 th to 8 th were randomly selected for the study during June to August 2011. The study was explained to the school children and their assent was taken before the study. They an...

  19. What a Tangible Digital Installation for Museums Can Offer to Autistic Children and Their Teachers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marchetti, Emanuela; Valente, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    This study is a cooperation between the authors and a teacher who works with pupils affected by autism spectrum disorders (9-12 years old) in a primary Danish school. The aim was assess the benefits of game-based learning with respect to teachers' main challenges: facilitating the discussion...... of curricular subjects and enabling learning through conceptual thinking and social interaction. An existing digital and tangible installation called MicroCulture, originally created by the authors to bridge history learning across museums and schools was re-contextualised and placed at the school's disposal......, in a three weeks study involving 15 pupils. Data was gathered unobtrusively, with qualitative methods. Through mediated play and teacher's facilitation, children occasionally engaged in interactions leading to conceptual thinking, cooperation, and forms of role play. The authors present both problems...

  20. School Personnel Responses to Children Exposed to Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenemore, Thomas; Lynch, John; Mann, Kimberly; Steinhaus, Patricia; Thompson, Theodore

    2010-01-01

    Authors explored the experiences of school personnel in their responses to children's exposure to violence. Thirty-one school personnel, including administrators, teachers, counselors, school social workers, and psychologists, were interviewed to obtain data on their experiences related to violence exposure in their schools and the surrounding…

  1. "Entre Familia": Immigrant Parents' Strategies for Involvement in Children's Schooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poza, Luis; Brooks, Maneka Deanna; Valdés, Guadalupe

    2014-01-01

    Teachers and administrators in schools with large, working-class Latino populations often complain of parents' indifference or lack of involvement in children's schooling because of their low visibility at school events and relatively little face-to-face communication with teachers and school administration. In a series of semi-structured…

  2. Elementary school children's science learning from school field trips

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glick, Marilyn Petty

    This research examines the impact of classroom anchoring activities on elementary school students' science learning from a school field trip. Although there is prior research demonstrating that students can learn science from school field trips, most of this research is descriptive in nature and does not examine the conditions that enhance or facilitate such learning. The current study draws upon research in psychology and education to create an intervention that is designed to enhance what students learn from school science field trips. The intervention comprises of a set of "anchoring" activities that include: (1) Orientation to context, (2) Discussion to activate prior knowledge and generate questions, (3) Use of field notebooks during the field trip to record observations and answer questions generated prior to field trip, (4) Post-visit discussion of what was learned. The effects of the intervention are examined by comparing two groups of students: an intervention group which receives anchoring classroom activities related to their field trip and an equivalent control group which visits the same field trip site for the same duration but does not receive any anchoring classroom activities. Learning of target concepts in both groups was compared using objective pre and posttests. Additionally, a subset of students in each group were interviewed to obtain more detailed descriptive data on what children learned through their field trip.

  3. Do You See What I See? School Perspectives of Deaf Children, Hearing Children and Their Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marschark, Marc; Bull, Rebecca; Sapere, Patricia; Nordmann, Emily; Skene, Wendy; Lukomski, Jennifer; Lumsden, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    Perspectives on academic and social aspects of children's school experiences were obtained from deaf and hearing children and their (deaf or hearing) parents. Possible differences between (1) the views of children and their parents and (2) those of hearing children and their parents compared to deaf children and their parents were of particular…

  4. Postural Control in Deaf Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir-Abbas Ebrahimi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the reliability of static control evaluation with Synapsys Posturography System (SPS, Marseille, France and to compare the static postural control of deaf children with typically developing children. This study was conducted in 2 phases on 81 children of 7 to 12 years old in Tehran schools. The first phase examined the reliability of static balance evaluation with SPS. In this phase, a total of 12 children with typical development were evaluated and then do a re-test 1 week later. In the second phase, 30 children with profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL and high risk in their balance (selected from Baghcheban Schools for the Deaf as the experimental group, and 37 children with typical development (selected randomly from 2 primary schools for girls and boys in District 12 of Tehran Department of Education as control group were enrolled in the study. They were all placed under sensory organization test evaluation. Based on the results of intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC, the unilateral random effects model, test-retest reliability in different sensory conditions, the moderate to excellent results were obtained (ICC between 0.68 and 0.94. Also, the mean displacement of pressure center in all sensory conditions, the limits of stability (LOS area, the overall balance scores, and scores for balance sensory ratio (except the somatosensory ratio of children with typical development were better than the deaf peers (P˂0.05. The SPS has acceptable reliability to evaluate static posture in children between the ages of 7 and 12 years. Furthermore, deaf children as compared to children with typical development had a lower static postural control in all sensory conditions. This finding confirms the need to examine the postural control for identifying the extent of sensory deficit that has caused poor balance function, and also the need for early intervention to address the balance deficit in deaf

  5. School lunch program for health promotion among children in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Nobuko; Miyoshi, Miki

    2012-01-01

    In Japan, the present school lunch program has been implemented under the "School Lunch Act" enacted in 1954. The main purpose of the school lunch program is to promote healthy development of the minds and bodies of school children. Later, "The School Lunch Act" was revised in 2008 and its aim was changed to "promoting Shokuiku". As of May 2009, approximately 10 million school children participate in the school lunch program. This program itself is an educational activity. School children are responsible for serving lunch and clearing the dishes. They could also learn proper manners, by having meals together with classmates. Furthermore, understanding of balanced diet and food culture can be enhanced through learning the menu of each meal. Recently, as eating disorders and obesity increase among adults and school children, there is rising concern on development of lifestyle-related diseases. Under this circumstance, the Basic Law on Shokuiku was enacted in 2005. Besides, in order to enhance Shokuiku to school children, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology established the Diet and Nutrition Teacher System in April 2007. It is reported that, in those schools with Diet and Nutrition Teachers, a positive impact has been observed in terms of awareness and interest in diet among teachers and guardians. It is also reported that proportion of children skipping breakfast has decreased, and quality of life has been improved. In this way, the Japanese school lunch program system is essential for fostering healthy mind and bodies for the next generation.

  6. Young children and their digital skills in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Haan, J.; Kuiper, E.; Pijpers, R.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss the digital skills of six to 12 years old children in Netherlands. They said that children must have digital skills for them to be able to search for ways to be conservative in online communication. They cited benefits of online gaming such as educating children

  7. Children's knowledge and beliefs about medicines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawood, Omar Thanoon; Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohamed Izham; Abdullah, Anna Christina

    2015-03-01

    Minor illnesses in children are often cured at home with over the counter medicines. Even though there is a wide use of medicines among children, they rarely receive medical advice about their medications from doctors or pharmacists. The aim of this study is to evaluate children's beliefs about medicines as well as to explain what children know about medicines. A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from four primary schools in Penang Island, Malaysia. The target population of this research was schoolchildren of 11 and 12 years old regardless of their gender and social status. A self-administration questionnaire was used to obtain the data from schoolchildren and their parents. After including all schoolchildren in grades five and six, the total sample size was 1000 children in addition to 1000 parents. This study found that most children have inadequate knowledge and false beliefs about the efficacy of medicines. Children's beliefs about the efficacy of medicines were affected by their age group, gender and race (p economic status, parents' education level and parents' occupation influenced children's beliefs about medicines (p < .001). This study showed that children have misconception about medicines. The need for medicine education should be implemented to get more knowledgeable users of medicines in future. However, the role of health-care professional should be increased in terms of medicine education.

  8. Effect of School System and Gender on Moral Values and Forgiveness in Pakistani School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Javed, Anam; Kausar, Rukhsana; Khan, Nashi

    2014-01-01

    The present research was conducted to compare children studying in private and public schools in Pakistan on forgiveness and moral values. It was hypothesized that the type of school and gender of the child are likely to affect forgiveness and moral values in children. A sample of 100 children with equal number of girls and boys was recruited from…

  9. Starting School at a Disadvantage: The School Readiness of Poor Children. The Social Genome Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaacs, Julia B.

    2012-01-01

    Poor children in the United States start school at a disadvantage in terms of their early skills, behaviors, and health. Fewer than half (48 percent) of poor children are ready for school at age five, compared to 75 percent of children from families with moderate and high income, a 27 percentage point gap. This paper examines the reasons why poor…

  10. Attitudes to Mathematics in Primary School Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann Dowker

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available 44 Grade 3 children and 45 Grade 5 children from English primary schools were given the British abilities scales basic number skills subtest, and a Mathematics Attitude and Anxiety Questionnaire, using pictorial rating scales to record their Self-rating for maths, Liking for maths, Anxiety about maths, and Unhappiness about poor performance in mathematics. There were few year group differences in attitudes. Boys rated themselves higher than girls, but did not differ significantly in actual performance. Overall, Anxiety was not related to actual performance, but Self-rating was. This relationship between Self-rating and actual performance seemed to develop between Grade 3 and Grade 5. Implications of the findings are discussed.

  11. Bullying among school children: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benčić, Miro

    2014-12-01

    The case study shows an example of peer violence, a physical attack on a high school student. The attacker was a child his own age attending the same school. Immediately after the attack the victim visited his chosen family doctor accompanying by mother. After interviewing in calm and safe environment and physical examination he was referred to the hospital emergency, because of evident trauma. During the follow up, it was obvious that the patient is interested in talking about the event but is uncomfortable to do so in front of his mother. Having obtained the mother's permission the conversation was carried out alone and the patient revealed all the details regarding the assault as well as his own feelings. The case study contains a description of the incident, the basic information regarding types of abuse amongst children, information on how to approach a victim as well as the obligation to report every type of abuse.

  12. Urban Jamaican children's exposure to community violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samms-Vaughan, M E; Jackson, M A; Ashley, D E

    2005-01-01

    Exposure to violence in childhood is associated with aggression in adulthood. The high level of community violence in Jamaica is likely to expose Jamaican children to violence. There has been no detailed study of the exposure of Jamaican children to violence in their daily lives. Some 1674 urban 11-12-year-old children, previously part of a national birth cohort study, completed a questionnaire detailing their exposure to violence as witnesses, victims and aggressors. Their parents completed a socio-economic questionnaire. Jamaican children had high levels of exposure to physical violence. A quarter of the children had witnessed severe acts of physical violence such as robbery, shooting and gang wars, a fifth had been victims of serious threats or robbery and one in every twelve had been stabbed. Children reported being least exposed to sexual violence and to being shot at. Robbery was an almost universal experience affecting children from all schools and socio-economic groups. The single commonest experience as a victim of violence was the loss of a family member or close friend to murder, affecting 36.8% of children. Children's experiences of witnessing violence occurred chiefly in their communities but their personal experiences of violence occurred at school. Boys and children attending primary school had greater exposure to violence as witnesses and victims. Socio-economic status discriminated exposure to physical violence as witnesses but not as victims. Intervention strategies to reduce children's exposure to violence should include community education on the impact of exposure to violence on children, particularly the loss of a significant person, and the development of a range of school-based violence prevention programmes.

  13. Children's Models of the Internet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enochsson, AnnBritt

    2004-01-01

    This article will show how children (9-12 years old) describe the Internet in terms of different models. It is related to how they understand the reliability of the Internet as well as some other aspects. The study was carried out in a 4th-grade class in 1998/1999. The study has an ethnographic approach. With inspiration from information research…

  14. Dietary levels for Tri-City elementary school children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soldat, J.K.; Honstead, J.F.

    1968-02-26

    This program investigates dietary pathways affecting school-age children. Primarily elementary school children are approached with this study, including ages 6 through 12. A much smaller number of children aged 13 and 14 have also been contacted. The research includes measurements of the body burdens of radioactive materials in children and a study of the children's diets. This report presents a partial compilation of the dietary levels obtained for children of different ages. These data are tabulated here for reference purposes. 3 refs., 13 tabs.

  15. Voices of Children, Parents and Teachers: How Children Cope with Stress during School Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Mun

    2015-01-01

    This study explores how children's perceptions of stress factors and coping strategies are constructed over time. Children were interviewed before and after they made the transition from preschool to primary school. This study also explores teachers' and parental strategies in helping children to cope with stress at school. The sample included 53…

  16. Associations between Family Environment, Parenting Practices, and Executive Functioning of Children with and without ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Valarie M.; Kelley, Michelle L.

    2009-01-01

    We examined the relationships between executive functioning, family environment, and parenting practices in children diagnosed with ADHD as compared to children without ADHD. Participants were parents (N = 134) of 6- to 12-year-old ADHD and non-ADHD-diagnosed children. Compared to the control group, parents of children diagnosed with ADHD reported…

  17. [Vulnerable children detected by the school health service: the forgotten?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noirhomme-Renard, F; Bullens, Q; Malchair, A; Gosset, C

    2014-12-01

    The current health needs of children largely exceeds the biomedical model. The school doctor occupies a special position where he can take into account the social determinants of health and identify vulneirable children. After the detection by the school health service, the harmonious development of, the child requires that health professionals cooperate in a "preventive network".

  18. Canadian Indian Children Who Had Never Attended School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Lolita

    1973-01-01

    This study was designed to compare the performance on selected intelligence tests of a group of Canadian Indian children who had never been to school with the performance of a similar group of children who were attending school regularly. (Author/RK)

  19. Senior Secondary School Children's Understanding of Plant Nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosothwane, Modise

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess children's understanding of plant nutrition. The research was done on a sample of secondary school pupils in the age range of 16 to 19 years in two senior secondary schools in Botswana. The sample contained 137 senior secondary pupils all in their final year of study. These children were above average…

  20. Children of Separation and Divorce: School Policies, Procedures, Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Ellen A.

    1981-01-01

    Approximately 20 percent of school children are members of families experiencing separation or divorce. This article clarifies 10 major issues affecting these children and provides guidelines for school administrators and teachers who must contend with their special needs. (Author/WD)

  1. Relations between School Performance and Depressive Symptoms in Spanish Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orgiles, Mireia; Gomez, Marta; Piqueras, Jose A.; Espada, Jose P.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Despite data showing the relationship between depression and decreased school performance, there is a lack of studies with Spanish children. The objective of this research is to examine school performance as a function of depression and gender. Method: Participants were 658 Spanish children aged between 8 and 12 years, 49.6% male,…

  2. 北京市怀柔区7~12岁人群第一恒磨牙患龋情况调查%Survey of first permanent molars of 7 - 12-year-old students in Huairou district, Beijing in 2010

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范书艳; 王海峰; 习森

    2012-01-01

    The first permanent molar caries and current status of sealant of 7 - 12-year-old students were surveyed in Huairou district of Beijing.Based on the World Health Organization and national oral health survey standards,cluster and stratified random sampling methods were used.The prevalence rate of deciduous tooth caries was 17.34% with a decayed/missing/filled teeth (dmft) index of 0.30.The caries rate of females was higher than that of males (20.60% vs.14.08% ).The incidence of mandible was higher than that of maxillary.And there was no significant difference around the jaw.The rate of fissure sealant was 51.36%.The current status of first permanent molar caries in this district was in accordance with the characteristics of general epidemiological caries disease.An overall policy of early discovery,early diagnosis and early treatment should be practiced.%调查北京市怀柔区7 ~12岁学生第一恒磨牙患龋情况和窝沟封闭现状.参照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查方案,采用整群、分层随机抽样的方法对2128例学生进行调查.7~12岁学生第一恒磨牙总患龋率17.34%,龋均0.30,窝沟封闭率为51.36%.女性患龋率为20.60%,高于男性的14.08%;下颌较上颌发病高,同颌左右差异无统计学意义(P<0.05).

  3. Diverse Family Types and Out-of-School Learning Time of Young School-Age Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ono, Hiromi; Sanders, James

    2010-01-01

    Sources of differentials in out-of-school learning time between children in first marriage biological parent families and children in six nontraditional family types are identified. Analyses of time diaries reveal that children in four of the six nontraditional family types spend fewer minutes learning than do children in first marriage biological…

  4. Does a smoking prevention program in elementary schools prepare children for secondary school?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Crone, M.R.; Spruijt, R.; Dijkstra, N.S.; Willemsen, M.C.; Paulussen, T.G.W.M.

    2011-01-01

    A smoking prevention program was developed to prepare children in elementary school for secondary school. This study assessed the effects on smoking in secondary school. Methods: In 2002, 121 schools in The Netherlands were randomly assigned to the intervention or control group. The intervention gro

  5. Active transport among Czech school-aged children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Pavelka

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Active transport is a very important factor for increasing the level of physical activity in children, which is significant for both their health and positive physical behaviour in adult age. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to establish the proportion of Czech children aged 11 to 15 who select active transport to and from school and, at the same time, describe socio-economic and socio-demographic factors influencing active transport to and from school among children. METHODS: To establish the socio-demographic factors affecting active transport, data of a national representative sample of 11 to 15 year-old elementary school children in the Czech Republic (n = 4,425. Research data collection was performed within an international research study called Health Behaviour in School Aged Children in June 2010. Statistical processing of the results was made using a logistic regression analysis in the statistical programme IBM SPSS v 20. RESULTS: Active transport to and from school is opted for in the Czech Republic by approximately 2/3 of children aged 11 to 15. Differences between genders are not statistically significant; most children opting for active transport are aged 11 (69%. An important factor increasing the probability of active transport as much as 16 times is whether a child's place of residence is in the same municipality as the school. Other factors influencing this choice include BMI, time spent using a computer or a privateroom in a family. A significant factor determining active transport by children is safety; safe road crossing, opportunity to leave a bicycle safely at school, no fear of being assaulted on the way or provision of school lockers where children can leave their items. CONCLUSIONS: Active transport plays an important role in increasing the overall level of physical activity in children. Promotion of active transport should focus on children who spend more time using a computer; attention should also be

  6. Obesity status trajectory groups among elementary school children

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Tzu-An; Baranowski, Tom; Jennette P. Moreno; O’Connor, Teresia M; Hughes, Sheryl O; Baranowski, Janice; Woehler, Deborah; Kimbro, Rachel T.; Johnston, Craig A.

    2016-01-01

    Background Little is known about patterns in the transition from healthy weight to overweight or obesity during the elementary school years. This study examined whether there were distinct body mass index (BMI) trajectory groups among elementary school children, and predictors of trajectory group membership. Methods This is a secondary analysis of 1651 elementary school children with complete biannual longitudinal data from kindergarten to the beginning of 5th grade. Heights and weights were ...

  7. Day/Night Cycle: Mental Models of Primary School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiras, Andreas

    2008-01-01

    The study investigated the mental models of primary school children related to the day/night cycle. Semi-structure interviews were conducted with 40 fourth-grade and 40 sixth-grade children. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the data indicated that the majority of the children were classified as having geocentric models. The results also…

  8. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among School Age Palestinian Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khamis, Vivian

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: This study was designed to assess the prevalence of PTSD among Palestinian school-age children. Variables that distinguish PTSD and non-PTSD children were examined, including child characteristics, socioeconomic status, family environment, and parental style of influence. Method: Participants were 1,000 children aged 12 to 16 years.…

  9. Elementary School Children's Perception of Helpers and Their Characteristics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bachman, Randall W.

    1975-01-01

    Data suggest that family members, especially mothers, are primary sources of help for elementary school children who want to discuss problems. This is more true with younger children than with older ones. Moreover, children consider warmth, trust and understanding as the main characteristics of helping persons. (Author/SE)

  10. Passive cigarette smoke exposure in primary school children in Liverpool

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Delpisheh; Y. Kelly; B.J. Brabin

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To assess environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure amongst primary school children. Methods: A descriptive, community-based, cross-sectional study of self-reported parental smoking patterns and children's salivary cotinine concentrations in 245 children aged 5-11 years attending 10 prim

  11. Teaching Young Children How to Sing: One School's Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenney, Susan

    2011-01-01

    In many schools, classroom teachers are responsible for the music experiences of young children. Children may learn songs, but may not learn "how" to sing. This article outlines simple teaching strategies to help young children develop listening and vocal habits leading to beautiful singing. The article discusses how the kindergarten classes at…

  12. Executive Dysfunction in School-Age Children with ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambek, Rikke; Tannock, Rosemary; Dalsgaard, Soeren; Trillingsgaard, Anegen; Damm, Dorte; Thomsen, Per Hove

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The study examined executive function deficits (EFD) in school-age children (7 to 14 years) with ADHD. Method: A clinical sample of children diagnosed with ADHD (n = 49) was compared to a population sample (n = 196) on eight executive function (EF) measures. Then, the prevalence of EFD in clinical and non-clinical children was examined…

  13. Sick Schools 2009: America's Continuing Environmental Health Crisis for Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healthy Schools Network, Inc., 2010

    2010-01-01

    Everybody knows that healthy school buildings contribute to student learning, reduce health and operating costs, and ultimately, increase school quality and competitiveness. However, 55 million of the nation's children attend public and private K-12 schools where poor air quality, hazardous chemicals and other unhealthy conditions make students…

  14. Diagnostics of children's school readiness in scientific studies abroad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazarenko V.V.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the problem of children's school readiness as it is represented in contemporary studies of foreign scholars. It displays a variety of approaches to estimation of school readiness as well as the ways of measuring the levels of child development as relating to school readiness, namely those of them which are in common practice in education.

  15. CONSTRUCTION ENVIRONMENT EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY FOR CHILDREN PRE-SCHOOL

    OpenAIRE

    MA. TRAN THI THUY NGA; MA. PHAM THI YEN

    2015-01-01

    Education motor development contribute to the comprehensive development of pre-school children. Building educational environment for young athletes develop in pre-school is one of many issues of concern in the current stage of pre-school education in Vietnam.

  16. Can Schools Promote the Health of Children with Asthma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McWhirter, Jenny; McCann, Donna; Coleman, Helen; Calvert, Marguerite; Warner, John

    2008-01-01

    This report describes the evaluation of a whole-school intervention to improve morbidity and psychosocial well-being in pupils with asthma. In all, 193 children with asthma (7-9 years) from 23 primary/junior schools in the south of England participated. Schools (n = 12) randomly assigned to the intervention group (IV) received a staff asthma…

  17. Determinants of Children's Schooling: The Case of Tigray Region, Ethiopia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abafita, Jemal; Kim, Chang-Soo

    2015-01-01

    We analyze the determinants of educational outcomes of primary school children in Tigray region of Ethiopia using a survey data gathered from four villages in 2013. Four different measures of schooling were used to examine the impact of household and child-specific factors. First, we examine the determinants of school attendance (ever-attendance,…

  18. Can Future Uncertainty Keep Children Out of School?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lilleør, Helene Bie

    There is little doubt in the literature, that poverty and liquidity constraints can drive children out of school and into child labour in developing countries. But are there other important explanations for low primary school enrolment rates? The child labour and schooling literature often ignore...

  19. Impact of the bitewing radiography exam inclusion on the prevalence of dental caries in 12-year-old students in the city of Franca, São Paulo, Brazil Impacto da inclusão do exame radiográfico interproximal na prevalência de cárie dentária de escolares aos 12 anos no município de Franca, São Paulo, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soraya Fernandes Mestriner

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The pattern of development of carious lesions has changed. The carious lesion has been progressive and reaches the dentin without showing alterations in the clinical aspects. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of caries in 12-year-old students in the city of Franca - São Paulo, Brazil, during the year of 2003, and to evaluate the additional value of bitewing radiograph to detect hidden carious lesions in permanent molar dentin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A probabilistic sample composed of two hundred and fifty six (256 students, from public and private schools, was submitted to a cross-sectional study through examination by a calibrated examiner, in order to detect the caries prevalence, using the methodology recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO. For 66% of the sample, bitewing radiographs of the permanent molar region were obtained. The images were analyzed by a calibrated examiner, who established the presence of hidden caries in teeth with radiolucency in dentin, yet considered healthy in the epidemiological survey. RESULTS: The prevalence of dental caries in epidemiological exam without (WHO and with (WHO/R the inclusion of hidden caries lesion was 54% and 64%, and the DMFT index was 1.73 and 1.92 respectively. CONCLUSION: Utilization of the method of bitewing radiographic diagnosis significantly increased (pINTRODUÇÃO: Ocorreram mudanças no padrão de desenvolvimento da lesão de cárie. As lesões tem progredido e atingido a dentina, sem demonstrar alterações nos aspectos clínicos. OBJETIVOS: Determinar a prevalência de cárie em escolares de 12 anos no município de Franca - SP, Brasil, no ano de 2003 e avaliar o valor adicional da radiografia interproximal para detecção de lesões de cárie em dentina de molares permanentes na prevalência de cárie. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Desenvolveu-se um estudo transversal com uma amostra probabilística; em que foram realizados exames epidemiológicos por um

  20. Turkish children's Bender-Gestalt test performance: differences in public and private school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Serap

    2011-02-01

    The present study was undertaken to provide data on the Bender-Gestalt test for children aged 5 to 11 in Turkey. Although it is well documented that sociocultural factors are important in cognitive evaluations, the effects of type of school and differing educational opportunities provided by these schools on the Bender-Gestalt test have not been previously investigated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of age, sex, and school type on Bender-Gestalt performance. The test was individually administered to 484 children between the ages of 5 and 11 years. The children were enrolled in either public or private schools. Koppitz's Developmental Scoring System was utilized. The results indicated that older children performed with fewer errors. Girls performed with fewer errors than boys. Finally, as expected, private school children outperformed their public school peers. The results are discussed with respect to the importance of taking into account various educational factors in utilizing commonly used tests.

  1. The state of oral health in children at the age of 12 in Montenegro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đuričković Mirjana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Oral health is very important for the function and the quality of human life. The aim of this study was to determine the spread of caries on the permanent teeth, the state of health of the periodontium and the state of oral hygiene in the children at the age of 12 in Montenegro. Methods. The research was carried out within 2006 and included 455 primary school pupils of both sex, the age of 12 in the northern, midlle and southern area of Montenegro. The parameters used to estimate oral health condition were: mean number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth due to caries (DMFT, Significant Caries Index (SiC, Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN, presence of sealants, and to estimate oral hygiene condition: Debris Index (Green-Vermillion and Calculus Index (Green. A dental team clinically examined all the subjects in line with World Health Organization (WHO methodology and criteria. All chosen children from the sample were checked by the standard dental diagnostic equipment (plane dental mirror, dental, standard CPITN periodontal probe under the artificial light on the dry teeth, on the dental chair. Results. The average value of Index DMFT at 12-year-old in Montenegro was 3.43. On average, 88.35% of the examined children had dental caries. The SiC Index was 6.35. Among the examined children, 11.9% had at least one tooth with a fissure sealant. The healty periodontium had 64% of the 12-year-old children. The average value of Debris Index was 1.086, and the average value of Calculus Index was 0.6508. Conclusion. Oral health condition in children at the age of 12 in Montenegro does not satisfy. Thus the importance of the modern preventive measures and programmes should be emphasized and applied through the system of primary oral protection and intensively promote oral health.

  2. Children who experience difficulties with learning: mother and child perceptions of social competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carman, Sarah N; Chapparo, Christine J

    2012-10-01

    There is an emphasis on the social competence of children who have difficulties with learning as a significant percentage also experience reduced social skills. Social competence in the classroom is becoming increasingly important as the school curriculum incorporates group work and socially directed activities for purposes of learning. A goal of occupational therapy for children with learning difficulties and their parents is that they 'fit' into their social group and form friendships. While teachers are able to identify social skills that are required for life at school, less is known about how children perceive their interactions. This study aimed to explore social interaction during occupational performance at school and at home from the perception of children with learning difficulties and their mothers. Participants included 10, 8- to 12-year-old children who had difficulties with learning and their 10 mothers. Children were interviewed using semi-structured focus groups. Mothers participated in semi-structured interviews. Four main themes emerged from this study, including the importance of social skills, effects of poor social skills, difficulties with planning and problem solving in social situations and impact of social competence on a child's occupational performance. The study revealed that social participation is perceived to be an integral part of the child's ability to participate in occupational performance, and that children have definite perspectives on the importance of social competence. Children in this study indicated that their social skills were adequate when in an one-to-one situation but not in a group.

  3. Body Composition and Cardiovascular Health in School-aged Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klakk, Heidi

    Background In 2011 the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that more than 40 million children under the age of five were overweight and ten per cent of the world’s school aged children are estimated to carry excess body fat. Childhood obesity is associated with a number of immediate...... and youth and plays an important role in the prevention of overweight and obesity and related morbidities. Schools are recognized as potentially effective settings for public health initiatives, as they access a large population of children and youth across a variety of ethnic and socioeconomic groups......-school to 6th grade) on health related outcomes in children. The objectives are: 1.To describe the Svendborg Project and the CHAMPS study-DK (paper I). 2.To evaluate the effect of four extra PE lessons per week in primary schools on body composition and weight status in children aged 8 to 13 (paper II). 3.To...

  4. Analysis of the mismatch between school furniture and children

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Maria Antónia; Arezes, Pedro

    2014-01-01

    The characteristics of school furniture are strongly associated with back and neck pain, referred by school-aged children. In Portugal, about 60% of the adolescents involved in a recent study reported having felt back pain at least once in the last three months. The aim of this study was to compare furniture sizes of the 2 types indicated for primary schools, within 9 schools, with the anthropometric characteristics of Portuguese students, in order to ...

  5. Scientific Investigations of Elementary School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valanides, Nicos; Papageorgiou, Maria; Angeli, Charoula

    2013-04-01

    The study provides evidence concerning elementary school children's ability to conduct a scientific investigation. Two hundred and fifty sixth-grade students and 248 fourth-grade students were administered a test, and based on their performance, they were classified into high-ability and low-ability students. The sample of this study was randomly selected and included 80 students, 40 fourth-grade and 40 sixth-grade students of low and high abilities. Students were specifically instructed to investigate the functioning of a device, to think aloud prior and after any experiment with the device, and to keep a record of their experimental results. The results showed that students were inclined to mainly collect evidence from the experimental space and failed to control variables during their investigation. The majority of the students had difficulties with effectively organizing collected data and failed to coordinate hypotheses with evidence. The significant interaction effect that was found between grade level and ability in terms of students' investigation ability indicates that the existing gap between high- and low-ability students becomes bigger as students become older. Undoubtedly, ongoing research efforts for identifying patterns of children's cognitive development will be most valuable as they can have important implications for the design of teaching scenarios and inquiry-based science activities conducive to accelerating students' cognitive growth and scientific investigation abilities.

  6. Children's Moral Judgments and Moral Emotions Following Exclusion of Children with Disabilities: Relations with Inclusive Education, Age, and Contact Intensity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasser, Luciano; Malti, Tina; Buholzer, Alois

    2013-01-01

    We investigated relations between children's moral judgments and moral emotions following disability-based exclusion and inclusive education, age, and contact intensity. Nine- and 12-year-old Swiss children (N = 351) from inclusive and noninclusive classrooms provided moral judgments and moral emotion attributions following six vignettes about…

  7. FOOD HABIT AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN URBAN BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evy Damayanthi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the school.  Objectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status. One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criteria (i.e. grade 4th and 5th, morning school, having UKS program and not having canteen. Self administered, structured pre-coded questionnaire were used to collect the data. Nutritional status was assessed using weight and height, and body mass index for age (BAZ and height for age (HAZ were then calculated using AnthroPlus software developed by WHO (2009. School children were 8-11 years old (mean 9.37 + 0.66 years, more girls (54%, and mostly had normal nutritional status using both indexes (72% for BAZ and 95% for HAZ. School children were commonly from middle class as indicated by father education (sarjana and mother (senior high school.  Almost all school children (99% knew breakfast was important and 81% of them ate breakfast. Only 32% school children brought lunch box everyday although 92% stated their habit to bring lunch box to school. Buying snack in school was also common among school children. Generally school children ate rice 3 times a day (2.95 + 0.97 with fish, meat, chicken (2.47 + 1.14, tempe and

  8. School Reintegration for Children and Adolescents with Cancer: The Role of School Psychologists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Mekel S.

    2009-01-01

    As a result of advancements in medical expertise and technology, children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer now have opportunities to participate in many typical activities, including school. To some extent, school reintegration reflects positive adjustment to their illness. Nevertheless, children and adolescents with cancer may experience…

  9. The Role of Moral Emotions in the Development of Children's Sharing Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ongley, Sophia F.; Malti, Tina

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the role of moral emotions in the development of children's sharing behavior (N = 244 4-, 8-, and 12-year-old children). Children's sympathy was measured with both self- and primary caregiver-reports, and participants anticipated their negatively and positively valenced moral emotions (i.e., feeling guilty, sad,…

  10. Families with Children Conceived by Donor Insemination: A Follow-Up at Age Twelve.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golombok, Susan; MacCallum, Fiona; Goodman, Emma; Rutter, Michael

    2002-01-01

    Investigated the quality of parenting and psychological adjustment of 12-year-old children conceived through donor insemination (DI). Found that DI mothers showed greater expressive warmth while DI fathers showed less involvement in discipline, compared to parents with adopted or naturally conceived children. Found that DI children were well…

  11. 75 FR 43942 - Children's Products Containing Lead; Technological Feasibility of 100 ppm for Lead Content...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ... COMMISSION Children's Products Containing Lead; Technological Feasibility of 100 ppm for Lead Content... content limit for children's products. DATES: Written comments and submissions in response to this notice... for children 12 years old and younger, the total lead content limit by weight in any part of...

  12. Neighborhood and developmental differences in children's perceptions of opportunities for play and physical activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, N L; Spence, J C; Sehn, Z L; Cutumisu, N

    2008-03-01

    The purposes of this study were to examine perceptions of places to play and be physically active among children from two different urban neighborhoods, and evaluate these perceptions for age-related developmental differences. One hundred and sixty-eight children from grades K-6 (aged 6-12 years old) completed mental maps depicting places where they could play and be physically active. The children were recruited from schools in two neighborhoods-one a high-walkability (H-W) grid-style neighborhood, the other a low-walkability (L-W) lollipop-style (i.e., cul-de-sacs) neighborhood. Analysis revealed that children in the H-W neighborhood depicted more active transportation and less non-active transportation than children in the L-W neighborhood. Children in the lowest grades (K-2) in the L-W neighborhood depicted more play in the home/yard environment than the oldest children, more good weather image events than children in Grades 3-6, and less play outside the home/yard environment than children in Grades 3 and 4. In the H-W neighborhood, the youngest children (K-2) depicted significantly less play in the home/yard environment and less play outside the home/yard environment than older children (Grades 3-6). Thus, both the type of urban neighborhood and children's age moderated perceptions of places to play and be physically active.

  13. Hypothesis: Impregnated school uniforms reduce the incidence of dengue infections in school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilder-Smith, A; Lover, A; Kittayapong, P; Burnham, G

    2011-06-01

    Dengue infection causes a significant economic, social and medical burden in affected populations in over 100 countries in the tropics and sub-tropics. Current dengue control efforts have generally focused on vector control but have not shown major impact. School-aged children are especially vulnerable to infection, due to sustained human-vector-human transmission in the close proximity environments of schools. Infection in children has a higher rate of complications, including dengue hemorrhagic fever and shock syndromes, than infections in adults. There is an urgent need for integrated and complementary population-based strategies to protect vulnerable children. We hypothesize that insecticide-treated school uniforms will reduce the incidence of dengue in school-aged children. The hypothesis would need to be tested in a community based randomized trial. If proven to be true, insecticide-treated school uniforms would be a cost-effective and scalable community based strategy to reduce the burden of dengue in children.

  14. Ameloblastoma in children; Ameloblastoma u dzieci

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korzon, M.; Popadiuk, S.; Bohdan, Z. and others [Akademia Medyczna, Gdansk (Poland)

    1993-12-31

    Two cases of ameloblastoma in 3 and 12 year old children are described. The difficulties in the diagnosis and treatment of this rare tumor of the jaws (mandibula) are presented. Only a short remission following chemotherapy was achieved in both cases. (author) 19 refs, 2 figs

  15. No More Bullying: An Analysis of Primary School Children's Drawings of School Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slee, Phillip T.; Skrzypiec, Grace

    2016-01-01

    Bullying in schools is an international problem impacting negatively on children's well-being. Children's drawings can provide an insight into their emotional states. There is little published literature that uses children's drawings to gain better understandings of the nature and impact of bullying. We report two studies using indicators of…

  16. Predisposing, Reinforcing and Enabling Predictors of Middle School Children's After-School Physical Activity Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Kristi M.; Ogletree, Roberta J.; Fetro, Joyce V.; Brown, Stephen L.; Partridge, Julie A.

    2011-01-01

    Children's participation in after-school physical activity can attenuate the overweight and obesity rates among rural, low socioeconomic status (SES) children. Children's individual determination, as well as social and environmental factors, can influence their behaviors. Purpose: The purposes of this study were to determine if a difference…

  17. School Satisfaction of Elementary School Children : The Role of Performance, Peer Relations, Ethnicity and Gender

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verkuyten, Maykel; Thijs, Jochem

    2002-01-01

    The present study examines school satisfaction among 1,090 Dutch and ethnic minority children aged between ten and twelve in relation to their school context. Data were gathered in 51 classes from 26 schools. Individual and classroom variables were examined simultaneously, using multilevel analysis.

  18. Working with Homeless School-Aged Children: Barriers to School Social Work Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groton, Danielle; Teasley, Martell L.; Canfield, James P.

    2013-01-01

    With the needs and challenges of adolescent homelessness on the rise, the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (MVA) was crafted as a public policy initiative aimed at facilitating access to schools for this population. While school social workers are the designated personnel for practice with homeless school-aged children, we know little about…

  19. Families, Schools, and Children's School Achievement: A Study Based on Rural Regions in China Gansu Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhijun, Sun; Zeyun, Liu; Baicai, Sun

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on the impact of school factors on student achievement due to differences in family backgrounds. Based on the principle of diminishing effects of school investment in children's achievement, this study built a model that includes individual characteristics, family characteristics, and school characteristics. Family and school…

  20. Nasal nitric oxide levels in healthy pre-school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piacentini, G L; Bodini, A; Peroni, D G; Sandri, M; Brunelli, M; Pigozzi, R; Boner, A L

    2010-12-01

    The evaluation of nasal nitric oxide (nNO) has been proposed as a screening tool in children with clinically suspectable primary ciliary dyskinesia. Nevertheless, normal values have been reported for school-aged children. This study was designed to identify normal nNO levels in pre-school children. nNO was assessed in 300 healthy children aged between 1.5 and 7.2. Two hundred and fifty of them were unable to fulfill the guideline requirements for nNO measurement and were assessed by sampling the nasal air continuously with a constant trans-nasal aspiration flow for 30 s during tidal breathing. For those children who were able to cooperate, the average nNO concentration was calculated according to guidelines. A statistically significant relationship between nNO level and age was demonstrated in this study group of pre-school children (p < 0.001). An increase in nNO of about 100 ppb was observed in children older than 6 yr vs. those aged < 3. This study presents a description of normal nNO values in pre-school children. The effect of the age and the eventual presence of rhinitis and snoring need to be considered whenever nNO is evaluated in the clinical practice, in particular in non-cooperative children.

  1. Health Assessment of School Children II -- Screening Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisner, Victor; Oglesby, Allan

    1971-01-01

    The article concludes that adequate screening, and the use of expensive diagnostic procedures (such as medical referral) only for children who have failed a screening test, will result in the most effective use of school health time and funds. (Author)

  2. Chronic Respiratory Diseases of School-Age Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGovern, John P.

    1976-01-01

    The author examines the problems of chronic respiratory disease in school-age children from a medical viewpoint, including recognition and diagnosis, commonly encountered diseases, their effect on participation in physical exercise, emotional factors, medication, and emergency care. (MB)

  3. Children stories about primary schools: sceneries and (autobiographic research challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Conceição Passeggi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with 4-10 year-old children stories and analyses how they portrait their experiences at school. It is the outcome of an inter-institutional research project performed at schools in Natal, São Paulo, Recife, Niterói and Boa Vista. To collect data, we opted for conversations of children in groups of five, who would share a conversation with a little alien whose planet lacked schools. The analyses revealed consensus and tensions between scholar cultu - re and childhood cultures, which affect the way children play and learn, make friends or not, remain children or not. When narrating, the child redefines his/her experience and contributes to seize the primary school as a place where he/she becomes (or not a citizen.

  4. Who's in charge of children's environmental health at school?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulson, Jerome; Barnett, Claire

    2010-01-01

    Children spend many hours each week in and around school buildings. Their short- and long-term health outcomes and ability to learn are affected by numerous environmental factors related to the school buildings, the school grounds, the school transportation system, and the use of various products and materials in and around the school. Many school buildings are old, and they-and even newer buildings-can contain multiple environmental health hazards. While some districts self-report they have environmental health policies in place, no independent verification of these policies or their quality exists. Teachers and other staff, but not children who are more vulnerable to hazards than adults, are afforded some protections from hazards by Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations, by their employment contracts, or through adult occupational health services. Major environmental problems include: indoor air quality, lighting, pests and pesticides, heavy metals and chemical management issues, renovation of occupied buildings, noise, and cleaning processes and products. No agency at the federal or state levels is charged with ensuring children's health and safety in and around school buildings. No systematic means exists for collecting data about exposures which occur in the school setting. Recommendations are made for dealing with issues of data collection, federal actions, state and local actions, and for building the capacity of the Environmental Protection Agency and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-designated and funded Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSU) in responding to and evaluating risks to children's environmental health in schools.

  5. Prevalence of intolerance to food additives among Danish school children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuglsang, G.; Madsen, C.; Saval, P.

    1993-01-01

    The prevalence of intolerance to food additives was assessed in a group of unselected school children aged 5-16 years. A study group of 271 children was selected on the basis of the results of a questionnaire on atopic disease answered by 4,274 (86%) school children in the municipality of Viborg......, Denmark. The children in the study group followed an elimination diet for two weeks before they were challenged with a mixture of food preservatives, colourings and flavours. The challenge was open and the additives were prepared as a fizzy lemonade. If the open challenge was positive, a double...... clinics, the prevalence of intolerance to food additives in school children is estimated to be 1-2%....

  6. Prevalence of Malocclusion Among School Children in Bangalore, India

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of malocclusion among school children of Bangalore city, India during their mixed dentition period. The sample consisted of 745 children (388 males and 357 females) in the age group of 8-12 years randomly selected from twelve different schools in Bangalore city. The subjects were randomly selected, and none had received previous orthodontic treatment. Occlusal anteroposterior relationships were assessed based on the Angle classificat...

  7. Anemia among Primary School Children in Eastern Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Firehiwot Mesfin; Yemane Berhane; Alemayehu Worku

    2015-01-01

    Background Anemia during childhood impairs physical growth, cognitive development and school performance. Identifying the causes of anemia in specific contexts can help efforts to prevent negative consequences of anemia among children. The objective of this study was to assess prevalence and identify correlates of anemia among school children in Eastern Ethiopia. Methods A cross sectional study was conducted from January 2012 to February 2012 in Kersa, Eastern Ethiopia. The study included ran...

  8. Exemplifications of the Tragic Mode in Selected Realistic Fiction for Eight-to-Twelve-Year-Old Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kingston, Carolyn Tietje

    The purpose of this study was to discover whether tragedy exists in realistic fiction for eight-to-12-year-old children and, if so, to present selected exemplifications of this mode. The study assumed that children should be exposed to the tragic sense of life in their literature, and the child psychologists and critics of children's books who…

  9. SCHOOL AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF CHILDREN IN RURAL AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Podstawski Robert

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : The aim of the study was to assess the level of school and out-of-school physical activity of children living in rural area at the early stage of their education. Material : The research was conducted in 2009 at primary school in Świętajno (a village. The study group consisted of 42 girls and 44 boys from the 1 st, 2 nd and 3 rd grade of primary school, aged 7-10. The children were chosen by means of a purposeful selection and surveyed by a questionnaire consisting of five open-ended and five closed-ended questions. Results : The research showed that the children living in the rural area at the early stage of their education eagerly participated in the classes of physical education held at school. The most popular physical activities among the children included: games and plays with the ball and other equipment, running, gymnastics (among girls and matches and competitions (among boys. The outdoor physical activities in which the children were involved outside of school were spontaneous and unorganized including mainly cycling, roller-skating, skating or skiing. Conclusions : A marginal percentage of children participated in out-of-school sports trainings or other physical education-oriented classes (e.g. swimming lessons. A relatively high percentage of children devoted a great deal of their free time to watching television, DVDs or playing on the computer.

  10. Too Cool for School?: Gifted Children and Homeschooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winstanley, Carrie

    2009-01-01

    Homeschooling can be a last resort for frustrated families where gifted children are not having their complex needs met through mainstream schooling. Unlike many other groups of homeschoolers, parents of highly able children take this option for pragmatic reasons rather than as a kind of moral stance. This article explores some of the ways that…

  11. Education, Schooling, and Children's Rights: The Complexity of Homeschooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunzman, Robert

    2012-01-01

    By blurring the distinction between formal school and education writ large, homeschooling both highlights and complicates the tensions among the interests of parents, children, and the state. In this essay, Robert Kunzman argues for a modest version of children's educational rights, at least in a legal sense that the state has the duty and…

  12. Say the Word Islam: School Counselors and Muslim Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saleem, Daa'iyah; Rasheed, Sakinah

    2010-01-01

    Two Muslim women who hold Ph.D.'s, a clinical and developmental psychologist and a teacher educator speak personally and professionally about important information school counselors need to know about Islam and providing services to Muslim children. First, the authors draw from personal experiences in parenting Muslim children who have come of age…

  13. Developing Children's Language Learner Strategies at Primary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirsch, Claudine

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the strategy repertoires and strategy development of six English children who learned foreign languages at primary school. My study differs from mainstream research, in that it focuses on young children and on the development of their strategies, draws on sociocultural theory and uses ethnographic methods. My findings show…

  14. Epidemiological Study of Mental Health Problems among Handicapped School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahadur Singh, Tej

    1988-01-01

    Indian teachers rating the prevalence of psychiatric problems in 79 school children with visual handicaps, 91 with hearing handicaps, and 105 nonhandicapped identified a higher prevalence than did psychiatrists. Although similar percentages of children in the 3 groups were diagnosed as having psychiatric problems, the types of problems experienced…

  15. Emergent Technological Literacy: What Do Children Bring to School?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mawson, W. B.

    2013-01-01

    There has been very little research into children's technological practice in early childhood settings. This article describes four typical examples of the technological activity that occurs on a daily basis in New Zealand early childhood settings. It is suggested that children come to compulsory schooling with well-developed technological…

  16. Civic and Patriotic Education of Pre-School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mokeyeva, Ekaterina V.; Andreeva, Irina N.

    2016-01-01

    The urgency of the current research devoted to civic and patriotic education of pre-school children is determined by the contradiction between the necessity of civic-patriotic education of children in the current context, their readiness to defend their Motherland and the lack of the development of this issue both in pedagogical theory and…

  17. An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

  18. Children's Diurnal Cortisol Activity during the First Year of School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Pei-Jung; Lamb, Michael E.; Kappler, Gregor; Ahnert, Lieselotte

    2017-01-01

    The present study examined 4- to 5-year-old British children's diurnal cortisol activity during their first year of school. The children's cortisol was measured before enrollment (baseline), upon enrollment, and both 3 and 6 months after enrollment. On each day, cortisol was sampled four times, providing information about the diurnal amount of…

  19. Head Injuries in School-Age Children Who Play Golf

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reuter-Rice, Karin; Krebs, Madelyn; Eads, Julia K.

    2016-01-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability in children. We conducted a prospective study, which examined injury characteristics and outcomes of school-age children of 5.0-15.0 years (N = 10) who were admitted to hospital for a TBI. This study evaluated the role of age, gender, the Glasgow Coma Scale, mechanisms and…

  20. Recapturing Hope: Elementary School Support Groups for Children of Alcoholics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Rourke, Kathy

    1990-01-01

    Considers the usefulness of elementary school support groups for children of alcoholics. Discusses identification of young children of alcoholics and offers suggestions for establishing support groups. Examines techniques for exploring feelings, building self-esteem, developing coping skills, managing stress, rehearsing decision making, and…