WorldWideScience

Sample records for 10m special-purpose family

  1. Test results of NREL 10M, special-purpose family of thin airfoils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Starcher, K.L.; Nelson, V.C.; Wei, Jun [West Texas A& M Univ., Canyon, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Two 25 kW Carter Wind Systems were tested to determine performance differences between production blades and rotors with NREL Special Purpose Thin Airfoils. Blade design, mold preparation, blade production, and testing were conducted. Design tools were created for computer modeling of the blade. The blades had the same twist, taper, and length as production blades. Flap natural frequency was adjusted to be as similar as possible between rotors, as was blade mass, blade center of gravity and rotor moment of inertia. Data collected were; wind speed at hub height, blade root flap & edgewise loads, main shaft torque, azimuth position, teeter angle, yaw angle and electrical power. These data were collected at 128 Hertz for data sets of eight seconds. This data set was then written to hard disk and the cycle repeated resulting in a file containing five and one half minutes of data. A data run consisted of; preflight checkout/warm-up of equipment, preflight calibration/verification of all sensors on both turbines, collection of five files of data (about thirty minutes of data), post flight calibration/verification of sensors. During this high speed data collection period there were a total of twenty-four data runs collected. Data were collected for wind speeds in the range about 7, 10 and 13 m/s. A data matrix was filled for clean, medium and heavy surface roughness. Baseline power curves, parametric pitch variation runs to establish testing pitch settings, high speed data collection runs with and without applied surface roughness were completed and analyzed. Data were compared using simple arithmetic mean, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) analysis, rainflow counting algorithms and wavelet analysis. The NREL airfoils showed much less sensitivity to surface roughness. There were minimal root bending load differences. Annual energy production during long term operation is being determined. 9 refs., 7 figs.

  2. The Special Purpose Vehicle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fomcenco, Alex

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to investigate whether the situation where two companies appear as originators or sponsors behind a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) can be described as a merger, although on micro scale. Are the underlying grounds behind the creation of an SPV much different than thos...

  3. The Special Purpose Vehicle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fomcenco, Alex

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to investigate whether the situation where two companies appear as originators or sponsors behind a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) can be described as a merger, although on micro scale. Are the underlying grounds behind the creation of an SPV much different than thos...... in a merger situation? What is actually happening when two enterprises originate an SPV? And what distinguishes an SPV from a joint venture, or is it the same thing?...

  4. Cluster Algorithm Special Purpose Processor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talapov, A. L.; Shchur, L. N.; Andreichenko, V. B.; Dotsenko, Vl. S.

    We describe a Special Purpose Processor, realizing the Wolff algorithm in hardware, which is fast enough to study the critical behaviour of 2D Ising-like systems containing more than one million spins. The processor has been checked to produce correct results for a pure Ising model and for Ising model with random bonds. Its data also agree with the Nishimori exact results for spin glass. Only minor changes of the SPP design are necessary to increase the dimensionality and to take into account more complex systems such as Potts models.

  5. Cluster algorithm special purpose processor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Talapov, A.L.; Shchur, L.N.; Andreichenko, V.B.; Dotsenko, V.S. (Landau Inst. for Theoretical Physics, GSP-1 117940 Moscow V-334 (USSR))

    1992-08-10

    In this paper, the authors describe a Special Purpose Processor, realizing the Wolff algorithm in hardware, which is fast enough to study the critical behaviour of 2D Ising-like systems containing more than one million spins. The processor has been checked to produce correct results for a pure Ising model and for Ising model with random bonds. Its data also agree with the Nishimori exact results for spin glass. Only minor changes of the SPP design are necessary to increase the dimensionality and to take into account more complex systems such as Potts models.

  6. Annotated Bibliography of English for Special Purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allix, Beverley, Comp.

    This annotated bibliography covers the following types of materials of use to teachers of English for Special Purposes: (1) books, monographs, reports, and conference papers; (2) periodical articles and essays in collections; (3) theses and dissertations; (4) bibliographies; (5) dictionaries; and (6) textbooks in series by publisher. Section (1)…

  7. First Cluster Algorithm Special Purpose Processor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talapov, A. L.; Andreichenko, V. B.; Dotsenko S., Vi.; Shchur, L. N.

    We describe the architecture of the special purpose processor built to realize in hardware cluster Wolff algorithm, which is not hampered by a critical slowing down. The processor simulates two-dimensional Ising-like spin systems. With minor changes the same very effective architecture, which can be defined as a Memory Machine, can be used to study phase transitions in a wide range of models in two or three dimensions.

  8. 7 CFR 948.23 - Handling for special purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Order Regulating Handling Regulation § 948.23 Handling for special purposes. Upon the basis of....77, or any combination thereof, to facilitate handling of potatoes for (a) Relief or charity; (b...

  9. 7 CFR 916.54 - Special purpose shipments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 916.54 Special purpose shipments. (a) Except as otherwise... State of California; or (2) for such specified purposes (including shipments to facilitate the...

  10. 7 CFR 959.53 - Handling for special purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulating Handling Regulations § 959.53 Handling for special purposes. Regulations in effect pursuant to §§ 959.42, 959.52, or 959.60 may be modified, suspended, or terminated to facilitate handling of...

  11. 7 CFR 917.43 - Special purpose shipments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 917.43 Special purpose shipments. (a) Except as otherwise... continental United States; (2) for such specified purposes (including shipments to facilitate the conduct...

  12. 7 CFR 923.54 - Special purpose shipments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... DESIGNATED COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 923.54 Special purpose shipments... grading or packing to specified locations outside the production area and shipments to facilitate...

  13. 7 CFR 922.54 - Special purpose shipments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 922.54 Special purpose shipments. (a) Except... quantities, or types of shipments, or for such specified purposes (including shipments to facilitate...

  14. 7 CFR 966.54 - Shipments for special purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulating Handling Regulation § 966.54 Shipments for special purposes. Upon the basis of recommendations and... facilitate handling of tomatoes for the following purposes: (a) For export; (b) For relief or for charity;...

  15. A special purpose silicon compiler for designing supercomputing VLSI systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkateswaran, N.; Murugavel, P.; Kamakoti, V.; Shankarraman, M. J.; Rangarajan, S.; Mallikarjun, M.; Karthikeyan, B.; Prabhakar, T. S.; Satish, V.; Venkatasubramaniam, P. R.

    1991-01-01

    Design of general/special purpose supercomputing VLSI systems for numeric algorithm execution involves tackling two important aspects, namely their computational and communication complexities. Development of software tools for designing such systems itself becomes complex. Hence a novel design methodology has to be developed. For designing such complex systems a special purpose silicon compiler is needed in which: the computational and communicational structures of different numeric algorithms should be taken into account to simplify the silicon compiler design, the approach is macrocell based, and the software tools at different levels (algorithm down to the VLSI circuit layout) should get integrated. In this paper a special purpose silicon (SPS) compiler based on PACUBE macrocell VLSI arrays for designing supercomputing VLSI systems is presented. It is shown that turn-around time and silicon real estate get reduced over the silicon compilers based on PLA's, SLA's, and gate arrays. The first two silicon compiler characteristics mentioned above enable the SPS compiler to perform systolic mapping (at the macrocell level) of algorithms whose computational structures are of GIPOP (generalized inner product outer product) form. Direct systolic mapping on PLA's, SLA's, and gate arrays is very difficult as they are micro-cell based. A novel GIPOP processor is under development using this special purpose silicon compiler.

  16. UTV Expansion Pack: Special-Purpose Rank-Revealing Algorithms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fierro, Ricardo D.; Hansen, Per Christian

    2005-01-01

    This collection of Matlab 7.0 software supplements and complements the package UTV Tools from 1999, and includes implementations of special-purpose rank-revealing algorithms developed since the publication of the original package. We provide algorithms for computing and modifying symmetric rank-r...

  17. English for Special Purposes: Information Guide No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English-Teaching Information Centre.

    The teaching and learning of English as a foreign language for special purposes is the focus of this annotated bibliography. The first section lists textbooks on English in social and physical sciences, general technology, engineering, transport and agriculture, medicine and various areas of commerce, including business correspondence. The books…

  18. Monitoring and diagnostics of special-purpose turbomachines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gizelska, Małgorzata

    2015-12-01

    In the operation of special-purpose turbomachines, diagnostic tools are necessary. They enable control of the machine technical state and its operation parameters in the on-line mode. The acquisition and processing of the measurement data in real time is crucial as they are indicators of the machine functioning under various operating conditions. The paper presents two types of computer designed diagnostic tools to monitor in real time the dynamic and thermodynamic parameters of special-purpose turbomachines. The first one monitors the dynamics of the rotating system with an active magnetic bearing, the second - monitors the instant value of polytropic efficiency of the compression process, which was designed for the industrial machine.

  19. Monitoring and diagnostics of special-purpose turbomachines

    OpenAIRE

    Małgorzata Gizelska

    2015-01-01

    In the operation of special-purpose turbomachines, diagnostic tools are necessary. They enable control of the machine technical state and its operation parameters in the on-line mode. The acquisition and processing of the measurement data in real time is crucial as they are indicators of the machine functioning under various operating conditions. The paper presents two types of computer designed diagnostic tools to monitor in real time the dynamic and thermodynamic par...

  20. High-Performance Special-Purpose Computers in Science

    OpenAIRE

    1998-01-01

    The next decade will be an exciting time for computational physicists. After 50 years of being forced to use standardized commercial equipment, it will finally become relatively straightforward to adapt one's computing tools to one's own needs. The breakthrough that opens this new era is the now wide-spread availability of programmable chips that allow virtually every computational scientist to design his or her own special-purpose computer.

  1. Internal Ballistics of High Velocity Special Purpose Guns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. K. Gupta

    1976-07-01

    Full Text Available More and more conventional guns are being utilized as special purpose guns to achieve very high velocity by using unconventionally high C/W ratios. The existing methods of internal ballistics give satisfactory results only for low (less than one C/W ratios. In the present paper the basic internal ballistic equations have been modified to cater for non-linear rate of burning, cubical form function and a realistic pressure gradient between breech face and the projectile base. The equations have been numerically solved. The results for low and high C/W ratios have been compared with those obtained by using conventional methods.

  2. Econometric Analysis of Factors Affecting Special Purpose Forests in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Lanhui; Cai Fei

    2003-01-01

    The forest estate is one of our most important natural resources. It is also the material foundation for sustainable forestry development in China. It is a timely topic of concern within the forestry community and touches the entire society. From a social economic point of view, the sustainable development has been promoted by the efficient use of the forest resources in a continuing improvement of the environment. The objective of the present analysis is to measure the effect of various factors, such as population, economic development and related policies on the use of the forest resources. The 29 provinces of Mainland China are classified in three regions, based largely on their level of economic development. For each region, the factors which affect the area of special purpose forests (SPF) are analyzed. Some recommendations are made for further improvement.

  3. UTV Expansion Pack: Special-Purpose Rank-Revealing Algorithms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fierro, Ricardo D.; Hansen, Per Christian

    2005-01-01

    This collection of Matlab 7.0 software supplements and complements the package UTV Tools from 1999, and includes implementations of special-purpose rank-revealing algorithms developed since the publication of the original package. We provide algorithms for computing and modifying symmetric rank......-revealing VSV decompositions, we expand the algorithms for the ULLV decomposition of a matrix pair to handle interference-type problems with a rank-deficient covariance matrix, and we provide a robust and reliable Lanczos algorithm which - despite its simplicity - is able to capture all the dominant singular...... values of a sparse or structured matrix. These new algorithms have applications in signal processing, optimization and LSI information retrieval....

  4. A special purpose knowledge-based face localization method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassanat, Ahmad; Jassim, Sabah

    2008-04-01

    This paper is concerned with face localization for visual speech recognition (VSR) system. Face detection and localization have got a great deal of attention in the last few years, because it is an essential pre-processing step in many techniques that handle or deal with faces, (e.g. age, face, gender, race and visual speech recognition). We shall present an efficient method for localization human's faces in video images captured on mobile constrained devices, under a wide variation in lighting conditions. We use a multiphase method that may include all or some of the following steps starting with image pre-processing, followed by a special purpose edge detection, then an image refinement step. The output image will be passed through a discrete wavelet decomposition procedure, and the computed LL sub-band at a certain level will be transformed into a binary image that will be scanned by using a special template to select a number of possible candidate locations. Finally, we fuse the scores from the wavelet step with scores determined by color information for the candidate location and employ a form of fuzzy logic to distinguish face from non-face locations. We shall present results of large number of experiments to demonstrate that the proposed face localization method is efficient and achieve high level of accuracy that outperforms existing general-purpose face detection methods.

  5. English for Special Purposes: Specialized Languages and Problems of Terminology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagy Imola Katalin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with some aspects of English for professional purposes. After a short historical overview of theories related to LSP (language for special purposes, we focus on some of the linguistic peculiarities of English for Specific Purposes. Our aim is to make a synthesis of the main theories and debates upon the issue of specialized languages, as the number of articles and writings on the topic is tremendous. We also wish to make a brief presentation of the most important contributions (still, we have to admit that the list of authors and articles is much longer, we had to make a selection, due to the editorial limitations of this article. We have gathered and synthesized what authors like Cabré, Celce-Murcia, Crystal, Croitoru, Motos, Strevens and others have said and we have also tried to make a comprehensive list of the names given to specialized language or language for specific purposes over time. Still, we have to state that it is not our goal to come up with examples or conclusions regarding our own personal ESP experience and/or previous research. The goal of this present study is to make a synthesis of the theories and writings on the topic of English for specific purposes (i.e. metaelemzés/metaanalysis in Klaudy's words or szekunder kutatás/secondary research in Fóris's words.

  6. 42 CFR 494.120 - Condition: Special purpose renal dialysis facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Condition: Special purpose renal dialysis... RENAL DISEASE FACILITIES Patient Care § 494.120 Condition: Special purpose renal dialysis facilities. A special purpose renal dialysis facility is approved to furnish dialysis on a short-term basis at...

  7. Impact of transport layer protocols on the efficiency of special purpose radio-communications

    OpenAIRE

    NEDELJKOVIC LJUBISA S.

    2014-01-01

    The efficiency of special purpose radio-communications depends on transport layer protocols. Meny factors have an impact on special purpose radio-communications efficiency, as well as TCP and UDP protocols. This paper presents the transport protocols throughput analysis in the HF and VHF radio-communications versus RTT and packet error rate probability. This paper considers a posibility of the application of TCP and UDP protocols in special purpose radio-communications. The following factors ...

  8. 41 CFR 105-50.001-4 - Special-purpose unit of local government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... local government. 105-50.001-4 Section 105-50.001-4 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal... OR TECHNICAL SERVICES TO STATE AND LOCAL UNITS OF GOVERNMENT § 105-50.001-4 Special-purpose unit of local government. Special-purpose unit of local government means any special district,...

  9. Indexing, learning and content-based retrieval for special purpose image databases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huiskes, M.J.; Pauwels, E.J.

    2004-01-01

    This chapter deals with content-based image retrieval in special purpose image databases. As image data is amassed ever more effortlessly, building efficient systems for searching and browsing of image databases becomes increasingly urgent. We provide an overview of the current state-of-the art by t

  10. Indexing, learning and content-based retrieval for special purpose image databases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huiskes, M.J.; Pauwels, E.J.

    2005-01-01

    This chapter deals with content-based image retrieval in special purpose image databases. As image data is amassed ever more effortlessly, building efficient systems for searching and browsing of image databases becomes increasingly urgent. We provide an overview of the current state-of-the art by t

  11. GRAPE Project: A Decade of Special-Purpose Computers for Many-Body Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makino, J.; Koga, M.; Kawai, A.; Fukushige, T.

    In this paper, we briefly overview the past history and future prospect of the GRAPE project to develop and use special-purpose computers for astrophysical many-body simulations. First we show that the ``hardware efficiency'' of general-purpose computers has been going down exponentially, and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. Then, we describe the approach of building special-purpose computers as an alternative. With general-purpose design, we can use only a small fraction of available transistors on a chip, since most of the transistors are wasted in the control logic and the datapath between arithmetic units and the storage. With a special-purpose design, one can use virtually all transistors to implement arithmetic units, since little control logic is necessary and the datapath is fixed. This difference results in a huge difference in the price-performance, as is observed in GRAPE series hardwares. Of course, special-purpose computing is not a silver bullet. It has its limitations. we discuss these issues and possible alternatives. We also briefly describe the past of GRAPE project, and the status of GRAPE-6, which will be completed by the year 2001. It will provide the peak speed exceeding 100 Tflops, for the development cost of less than 4 M dollars.

  12. ElevationOther_HILSHD10M

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Used ElevationDEM_DEM10M and the Arc/Info HILLSHADE command with "Shade", "z_units = .3048", azimuth = 315 degrees and altitude = 45 degrees options to create this...

  13. ElevationOther_ASPECT10M

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Used ElevationDEM_DEM10M and the Arc/Info ASPECT command to create this data layer representing compass direction of the aspect (rounded to whole numbers). Input...

  14. ElevationOther_SLOPE10M

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Used ElevationDEM_DEM10M and the Arc/Info SLOPE command with the "PERCENT_RISE" and ".3048" Z_unit options to create this data layer. Input source dataset is...

  15. Contamination of the environment by special purpose centrifuges used in clinical laboratories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harper, G.J.

    1981-10-01

    The generation of aerosols and the contamination of surfaces arising from the use of a number of special purpose centrifuges have been measured. Except when sealed containers were used all the equipment tested generated airborne particles and contaminated surrounding surfaces. The magnitude of this contamination was shown to be associated with several factors, and it could be considerably reduced by the use of sealed containers, and by fitting air filters. The significance of these findings and their application are discussed.

  16. INTEGRATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey S. Chromov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is untended to draw attention to information communication technologiesin teaching Russian as a foreign language for special purposes at level B 2. In thisregard the educational process of teaching Russian as a foreign language is examinedfor promoting quality improvement in the process of ELT.Technology-enhances language learning(TELL is described through computer-assisted language learning(CALL-presentations, webinars, videolectures. The authors share their experience obtained during teaching Russian as a foreign language forspecial purposes at the Department of Linguistics and cross-cultural communicationat MESI University.

  17. Special purpose hybrid transfinite elements and unified computational methodology for accurately predicting thermoelastic stress waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamma, Kumar K.; Railkar, Sudhir B.

    1988-01-01

    This paper represents an attempt to apply extensions of a hybrid transfinite element computational approach for accurately predicting thermoelastic stress waves. The applicability of the present formulations for capturing the thermal stress waves induced by boundary heating for the well known Danilovskaya problems is demonstrated. A unique feature of the proposed formulations for applicability to the Danilovskaya problem of thermal stress waves in elastic solids lies in the hybrid nature of the unified formulations and the development of special purpose transfinite elements in conjunction with the classical Galerkin techniques and transformation concepts. Numerical test cases validate the applicability and superior capability to capture the thermal stress waves induced due to boundary heating.

  18. Design of special purpose database for credit cooperation bank business processing network system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Yongling; Zong, Sisheng; Shi, Jinfa

    2011-12-01

    With the popularization of e-finance in the city, the construction of e-finance is transfering to the vast rural market, and quickly to develop in depth. Developing the business processing network system suitable for the rural credit cooperative Banks can make business processing conveniently, and have a good application prospect. In this paper, We analyse the necessity of adopting special purpose distributed database in Credit Cooperation Band System, give corresponding distributed database system structure , design the specical purpose database and interface technology . The application in Tongbai Rural Credit Cooperatives has shown that system has better performance and higher efficiency.

  19. Use of the water supply system of special purpose in buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlov Evgeniy Vladimirovich

    Full Text Available A water supply system of a special purpose is a necessary element in hot and cold shops of the industrial enterprises, office buildings and the medical centers, and also other rooms. The water supply systems of a special purpose, which give subsalty, sparkling water and water sated with oxygen, allow people to prevent, for example, strong dehydration of an organism, which is possible at big losses of water, especially in case of the people working in hot shops. Various elements of special drinking water supply system are given in the article, their main functions are described. Different types of the water folding devices pumping water to consumers, one of which is drinking fountain, are considered. Possible systems of water filtration, which can be established for quality improvement, are transferred. Among them the great role is played by membrane technologies and the return osmosis, which is widely applied now. Today there is a possibility of construction, both the centralized water supply system of a special purpose, and local. Besides, the least is a more preferable option taking into account capital expenditure for construction and operation, and also it can lead to solid resource-saving as a result of the electric energy saving going for water heating in heaters. Automatic machines of drinking water for a local water supply system of a special purpose have indisputable advantages. They are capable to carry out several functions at the same time, and also to distribute water to consumers. It allows placing all the necessary equipment, which will be well in harmony with the environment in their small and compact case, and will fit into any difficult interior of the room. Also they are very easily connected to the systems of an internal water supply system by means of a propylene tube that allows to change their sposition in space and to transfer to any place of the room with fast installation of equipment. Also the ecological effect was

  20. GRAPE-5: A Special-Purpose Computer for N-body Simulation

    OpenAIRE

    Kawai, Atsushi; Fukushige, Toshiyuki; Makino, Junichiro; Taiji, Makoto

    1999-01-01

    We have developed a special-purpose computer for gravitational many-body simulations, GRAPE-5. GRAPE-5 is the successor of GRAPE-3. Both consist of eight custom pipeline chips (G5 chip and GRAPE chip). The difference between GRAPE-5 and GRAPE-3 are: (1) The G5 chip contains two pipelines operating at 80 MHz, while the GRAPE chip had one at 20 MHz. Thus, the calculation speed of the G5 chip and that of GRAPE-5 board are 8 times faster than that of GRAPE chip and GRAPE-3 board. (2) The GRAPE-5 ...

  1. Special purpose computer system with highly parallel pipelines for flow visualization using holography technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuda, Nobuyuki; Sugie, Takashige; Ito, Tomoyoshi; Tanaka, Shinjiro; Hamada, Yu; Satake, Shin-ichi; Kunugi, Tomoaki; Sato, Kazuho

    2010-12-01

    We have designed a PC cluster system with special purpose computer boards for visualization of fluid flow using digital holographic particle tracking velocimetry (DHPTV). In this board, there is a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) chip in which is installed a pipeline for calculating the intensity of an object from a hologram by fast Fourier transform (FFT). This cluster system can create 1024 reconstructed images from a 1024×1024-grid hologram in 0.77 s. It is expected that this system will contribute to the analysis of fluid flow using DHPTV.

  2. Results of LIA-10M accelerator investigations

    CERN Document Server

    Gordeev, V S; Filippov, V O

    2001-01-01

    There are presented basic results of experiments on the LIA-10M accelerator since its putting into operation (1994) till today. There were investigated various modes of accelerator operation and its output characteristics depending on the parameters of injected electron beam,number of connected accelerator modules,time program of inductors switch-in etc. There was obtained a large scope of experimental data that are of interest for LIA-10M accelerator practical use and for the development of new facilities of this type. The investigations that have been performed recently make it possible to considerably (half as much again) increase the output dose parameters of the accelerator as compared to the level achieved before:maximal dose(Si) and dose rate on the output flange constitute 400 Gy and 2.5 centre dot 10 Gy/s, while at a 1 meter distance from the target they are equal to 7.5 Gy and 5 centre dot 10 sup 8 Gy/s, respectively.

  3. The AEI 10 m prototype interferometer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gossler, S; Bertolini, A; Born, M; Dahl, K; Kranz, O; Lueck, H; Schnabel, R; Wanner, A; Westphal, T [Leibniz Universitaet Hannover, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Chen, Y; Somiya, K [California Institute of Technology, Theoretical Astrophysics 130-33, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Gering, D; Graef, C; Heinzel, G; Kawazoe, F; Kuehn, G; Mossavi, K; Taylor, J R [Albert-Einstein-Institut, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Hild, S; Strain, K A, E-mail: stefan.gossler@aei.mpg.d [University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ (United Kingdom)

    2010-04-21

    A 10 m prototype interferometer facility is currently being set up at the AEI in Hannover, Germany. The prototype interferometer will be housed inside a 100 m{sup 3} ultra-high vacuum envelope. Seismically isolated optical tables inside the vacuum system will be interferometrically interconnected via a suspension platform interferometer. Advanced isolation techniques will be used, such as inverted pendulums and geometrical anti-spring filters in combination with multiple-cascaded pendulum suspensions, containing an all-silica monolithic last stage. The light source is a 35 W Nd:YAG laser, geometrically filtered by passing it through a photonic crystal fibre and a rigid pre-modecleaner cavity. Laser frequency stabilisation will be achieved with the aid of a high finesse suspended reference cavity in conjunction with a molecular iodine reference. Coating thermal noise will be reduced by the use of Khalili cavities as compound end mirrors. Data acquisition and control of the experiments is based on the AdvLIGO digital control and data system. The aim of the project is to test advanced techniques for GEO 600 as well as to conduct experiments in macroscopic quantum mechanics. Reaching standard quantum-limit sensitivity for an interferometer with 100 g mirrors and subsequently breaching this limit, features most prominently among these experiments. In this paper we present the layout and current status of the AEI 10 m Prototype Interferometer project.

  4. Janus II: the new generation Special Purpose Computer for spin-system simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez-Gaviro, Sergio; Janus Collaboration

    2014-03-01

    We present Janus II, our second grand challenge of High Performance Computing on Computational Physics. This Special Purpose Computer, recently developed and commissioned by the Janus Collaboration, is based on a Field-Programmable-Gate-Array (FPGA) architecture. Janus II has been designed and developed as a multipurpose reprogramable supercomputer and it is optimized for speeding up the Monte Carlo simulations of a wide class of spin glass models. It builds and improves on the experience of its predecessor,Janus, that has been successfully running physics simulations for the last 6 years. With Janus II will make possible to carry out Monte Carlo simulations campaigns that would take several centuries if performed on currently available computer systems.

  5. Special-purpose computer for holography HORN-4 with recurrence algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimobaba, Tomoyoshi; Hishinuma, Sinsuke; Ito, Tomoyoshi

    2002-10-01

    We designed and built a special-purpose computer for holography, HORN-4 (HOlographic ReconstructioN) using PLD (Programmable Logic Device) technology. HORN computers have a pipeline architecture. We use HORN-4 as an attached processor to enhance the performance of a general-purpose computer when it is used to generate holograms using a "recurrence formulas" algorithm developed by our previous paper. In the HORN-4 system, we designed the pipeline by adopting our "recurrence formulas" algorithm which can calculate the phase on a hologram. As the result, we could integrate the pipeline composed of 21 units into one PLD chip. The units in the pipeline consists of one BPU (Basic Phase Unit) unit and twenty CU (Cascade Unit) units. These CU units can compute twenty light intensities on a hologram plane at one time. By mounting two of the PLD chips on a PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) universal board, HORN-4 can calculate holograms at high speed of about 42 Gflops equivalent. The cost of HORN-4 board is about 1700 US dollar. We could obtain 800×600 grids hologram from a 3D-image composed of 415 points in about 0.45 sec with the HORN-4 system.

  6. English for special purposes in Serbian vocational high schools from 1996 to 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đukić Dušica

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The processes of globalization, economic cooperation with foreign countries and job opportunities have increased the need for English for Special Purposes (ESP. However, the ESP curriculum is not in accordance with the demand. The curriculum in use before the school year 2013/2014 was outdated, containing little explanations. Although the new curriculum is slightly improved, it still does not comply with the language demands of various professions. The ESP curriculum analysis has revealed that the topics for ESP syllabus are not developed and detailed enough. The reform of high school education has brought a new profession in our educational system - business administrator, with a new subject - business English. The students study ESP with the elements related to other vocational courses. The goal is to increase students’ self-esteem when communicating in English language. The new curriculum has enabled the use of authentic teaching material related to the profession, so the teaching process is not simply regarded as vocabulary learning. Creating new professions and reforming the existing ones enables the students to participate in the labor market offering them a great number of possibilities.

  7. Application of food irradiation technology in development of future special purposed foods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Byun, Myung Woo; Shin, Myung Gon [Woosong University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Ju Woon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-06-15

    Advanced food technologies fused with radiation technology could be applied to the development of various special-purpose foods such space foods, combat rations, emergency foods, and sterile patient meals. In U.S.A, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the U.S. Army Natick Soldier RD and E Center co-developed the hazard analysis of critical control point, which is a essential hygienic control system in food industry. Moreover, strict manufacturing standards to produce shelf-stable foods using radiation (ionizing energy) technology were established. In Korea, the advanced food technologies to sterilize various foods using irradiation technology were expected to be applied as a hygiene process on group meals and ready-to-eat/ready-to cook foods, and to produce foods for patients with high hygienic, nutritional, and organoleptic qualities through the combination treatments with irradiation technology. And, it was considered that the advanced technology would improve the related industries and national economy by introducing the food irradiation technology to the Korean traditional fermented foods to improve their functionality. In conclusion, the advanced food technologies which are preoccupied by some developed countries like U.S.A. and Russia will make a contribution to the development of national science and technology, and competitiveness promotion of industry.

  8. Operations with the special purpose dextrous manipulator on Space Station Freedom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, B.; Brown, D.; Hiltz, M.

    1991-01-01

    SPAR Canada is actively participating in the Space Station Freedom Program by contributing the Mobile Servicing System (MSS) which will be involved in assembly, maintenance and servicing of both the Space Station and the MSS itself. Part of the MSS is the Special Purpose Dextrous Manipulator (SPDM), a two armed dextrous robot with advanced vision and manipulative capabilities. In addition to Space Station and payload servicing activities the SPDM will be designed to perform self maintenance on the MSS itself. The majority of Space Station equipment will be on orbit for the anticipated 30 year lifespan and the maintenance philosophy will be to repair by the exchange of Orbit Replacement Units or ORUs. The present concept, configuration, and operation of the SPDM and the detailed simulations associated with the maintenance of part of the MSS are described. The Design Reference Mission is the replacement of a Joint Drive Module on the Canadian large payload manipulator, the Space Station Remote Manipulator System. Other Design Reference Missions that were investigated are briefly described, and future operations activity to support the definition of SPDM requirements are discussed.

  9. Features of applying systems approach for evaluating the reliability of cryogenic systems for special purposes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. D. Chertov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary. The analysis of cryogenic installations confirms objective regularity of increase in amount of the tasks solved by systems of a special purpose. One of the most important directions of development of a cryogenics is creation of installations for air separation product receipt, namely oxygen and nitrogen. Modern aviation complexes require use of these gases in large numbers as in gaseous, and in the liquid state. The onboard gas systems applied in aircraft of the Russian Federation are subdivided on: oxygen system; air (nitric system; system of neutral gas; fire-proof system. Technological schemes ADI are in many respects determined by pressure of compressed air or, in a general sense, a refrigerating cycle. For the majority ADI a working body of a refrigerating cycle the divided air is, that is technological and refrigerating cycles in installation are integrated. By this principle differentiate installations: low pressure; average and high pressure; with detander; with preliminary chilling. There is also insignificant number of the ADI types in which refrigerating and technological cycles are separated. These are installations with external chilling. For the solution of tasks of control of technical condition of the BRV hardware in real time and estimates of indicators of reliability it is offered to use multi-agent technologies. Multi-agent approach is the most acceptable for creation of SPPR for reliability assessment as allows: to redistribute processing of information on elements of system that leads to increase in overall performance; to solve a problem of accumulating, storage and recycling of knowledge that will allow to increase significantly efficiency of the solution of tasks of an assessment of reliability; to considerably reduce intervention of the person in process of functioning of system that will save time of the person of the making decision (PMD and will not demand from it special skills of work with it.

  10. MDGRAPE-4: a special-purpose computer system for molecular dynamics simulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohmura, Itta; Morimoto, Gentaro; Ohno, Yousuke; Hasegawa, Aki; Taiji, Makoto

    2014-08-06

    We are developing the MDGRAPE-4, a special-purpose computer system for molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. MDGRAPE-4 is designed to achieve strong scalability for protein MD simulations through the integration of general-purpose cores, dedicated pipelines, memory banks and network interfaces (NIFs) to create a system on chip (SoC). Each SoC has 64 dedicated pipelines that are used for non-bonded force calculations and run at 0.8 GHz. Additionally, it has 65 Tensilica Xtensa LX cores with single-precision floating-point units that are used for other calculations and run at 0.6 GHz. At peak performance levels, each SoC can evaluate 51.2 G interactions per second. It also has 1.8 MB of embedded shared memory banks and six network units with a peak bandwidth of 7.2 GB s(-1) for the three-dimensional torus network. The system consists of 512 (8×8×8) SoCs in total, which are mounted on 64 node modules with eight SoCs. The optical transmitters/receivers are used for internode communication. The expected maximum power consumption is 50 kW. While MDGRAPE-4 software has still been improved, we plan to run MD simulations on MDGRAPE-4 in 2014. The MDGRAPE-4 system will enable long-time molecular dynamics simulations of small systems. It is also useful for multiscale molecular simulations where the particle simulation parts often become bottlenecks.

  11. 41 CFR 102-73.196 - What types of special purpose space may the Department of Homeland Security lease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... purpose space may the Department of Homeland Security lease? 102-73.196 Section 102-73.196 Public... Delegations § 102-73.196 What types of special purpose space may the Department of Homeland Security lease? The Department of Homeland Security is delegated authority to lease whatever space its...

  12. An application of queueing theory to the design of channel requirements for special purpose communications satellites. Ph.D. Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, G. F.

    1974-01-01

    Special purpose satellites are very cost sensitive to the number of broadcast channels, usually will have Poisson arrivals, fairly low utilization (less than 35%), and a very high availability requirement. To solve the problem of determining the effects of limiting C the number of channels, the Poisson arrival, infinite server queueing model will be modified to describe the many server case. The model is predicated on the reproductive property of the Poisson distribution.

  13. A fast 3-D object recognition algorithm for the vision system of a special-purpose dexterous manipulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Stephen H. Y.

    1989-01-01

    A fast 3-D object recognition algorithm that can be used as a quick-look subsystem to the vision system for the Special-Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) is described. Global features that can be easily computed from range data are used to characterize the images of a viewer-centered model of an object. This algorithm will speed up the processing by eliminating the low level processing whenever possible. It may identify the object, reject a set of bad data in the early stage, or create a better environment for a more powerful algorithm to carry the work further.

  14. UTV Expansion Pack - Special-Purpose Rank Revealing Algorithms (version 1.0 for Matlab 6.5)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fierro, Ricardo D.; Hansen, Per Christian

    This collection of Matlab software supplements and complements the package UTV Tools from 1999, and includes implementations of special-purpose rank-revealing algorithms developed since the publication of the original package. We provide algorithms for computing and modifying symmetric rank......-revealing VSV decompositions, we expand the algorithms for the ULLV decomposition of a matrix pair to handle interference-type problems with a rank deficient covariance matrix, and we provide a robust and reliable Lanczos algorithm which - despite its simplicity - is able to capture all the dominant singular...... values of a sparse or structured matrix. These new algorithms have applications in signal processing, optimization and LSI information retrieval....

  15. Evaluation for special purposes

    OpenAIRE

    Viorica Toma

    2011-01-01

    This article aims to present the principles of international accounting standards and regulations on how Romanian accepted recognition of assets in financial reports.Company's financial reports include financial statements and other statements / reports of the directors.At the same time, it will insist on base / type of value that can be used by evaluators to harmonize concepts and especially the bases of valuation for balance sheet recognition of assets.Currently identity is observed near or...

  16. Special Purpose Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-30

    actuator for an 8” Valve and the labor to replace and exchange the valve in building 3087. 01/28/2016 Purchased valve gaskets from Harrison Plastics...2016 100% 100% 60 Purchased valve gaskets from Harrison Plastics for their 6” raised flange #150 air pipes used in Bld. 3087. 01/28/2016

  17. Kvass of special purpose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. A. Korotkih

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The basic technological parameters of the grain mash fermentation, on the basis of the powdery malt extract prepared from green malt of buckwheat, with application of various types of microorganisms are investigated.

  18. The 10m AEI prototype facility A brief overview

    CERN Document Server

    Westphal, Tobias; Bertolini, Alessandro; Born, Michael; Chen, Yanbei; Cumming, Alan V; Cunningham, Liam; Dahl, Katrin; Graef, Christian; Hammond, Giles; Heinzel, Gerhard; Hild, Stefan; Huttner, Sabina; Jones, Russel; Kawazoe, Fumiko; Koehlenbeck, Sina; Kuehn, Gerrit; Lueck, Harald; Mossavi, Kasem; Poeld, Jan H; Somiya, Kentaro; van Veggel, Marielle; Wanner, Alexander; Willke, Benno; Strain, Ken A; Gossler, Stefan; Danzmann, Karsten

    2011-01-01

    The AEI 10 m prototype interferometer facility is currently being constructed at the Albert Einstein Institute in Hannover, Germany. It aims to perform experiments for future gravitational wave detectors using advanced techniques. Seismically isolated benches are planned to be interferometrically interconnected and stabilized, forming a low-noise testbed inside a 100 m^3 ultra-high vacuum system. A well-stabilized high power laser will perform differential position readout of 100 g test masses in a 10 m suspended arm-cavity enhanced Michelson interferometer at the crossover of measurement (shot) noise and backaction (quantum radiation pressure) noise, the so-called Standard Quantum Limit (SQL). Such a sensitivity enables experiments in the highly topical field of macroscopic quantum mechanics. In this article we introduce the experimental facility and describe the methods employed, technical details of subsystems will be covered in future papers.

  19. ORNL 10-m small-angle X-ray scattering camera

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendricks, R.W.

    1979-12-01

    A new small-angle x-ray scattering camera utilizing a rotating anode x-ray source, crystal monochromatization of the incident beam, pinhole collimation, and a two-dimensional position-sensitive proportional counter was developed. The sample, and the resolution element of the detector are each approximately 1 x 1 mm/sup 2/, the camera was designed so that the focal spot-to-sample and sample-to-detector distances may each be varied in 0.5-m increments up to 5 m to provide a system resolution in the range 0.5 to 4.0 mrad. A large, general-purpose specimen chamber has been provided into which a wide variety of special-purpose specimen holders can be mounted. The detector has an active area of 200 x 200 mm and has up to 200 x 200 resolution elements. The data are recorded in the memory of a minicomputer by a high-speed interface which uses a microprocessor to map the position of an incident photon into an absolute minicomputer memory address. The data recorded in the computer memory can be processed on-line by a variety of programs designed to enhance the user's interaction with the experiment. At the highest angular resolution (0.4 mrad), the flux incident on the specimen is 1.0 x 10/sup 6/ photons/s with the x-ray source operating at 45 kV and 100 mA. SAX and its associated programs OVF and MOT are high-priority, pre-queued, nonresident foreground tasks which run under the ModComp II MAX III operating system to provide complete user control of the ORNL 10-m small-angle x-ray scattering camera.

  20. Starloc (Sandia TARget LOcation Computer): A special-purpose computer architecture for target location within an image

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Napolitano, L.M. Jr.; Bryson, P.R.; Berry, K.R.; Klapp, S.R.; Leeper, J.E.; Redinbo, G.R.

    1988-01-01

    Starloc (Sandia TARget LOcation Computer) is a special-purpose computer designed for target location in an image. It is now under development and when completed will process two 256 pixel by 256 pixel input images per second, recognizing targets within them regardless of target variations such as rotation, range, brightness, and angle of view. Starloc's basic architecture consists of ten pipelined processing stages (eight for Fast Fourier Transform operations and two for pixel by pixel operations) arranged in a ring-like structure. Within each stage are a controller, image memory, address generator, and register file with parallel floating-point processors. Starloc is designed to be fault tolerant by including two hot standby stages that can be switched into the data path when other stages fail and by incorporating a comprehensive set of error checkers. Using currently available 10 MFLOP (million floating-point operations per second) floating-point processors, Starloc will run at a sustained rate of 188 MFLOPS with 94% efficiency. At this rate, it is performing 36 complex 256 pixel by 256 pixel two-dimensional Fast Fourier Transforms per second. 5 refs., 7 figs.

  1. ISS Operations for the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) Experiences from the Robotic Systems Evaluation Laboratory (RSEL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spinler, Anthony B.

    1999-01-01

    The International Space Station (ISS) will present a new era of telerobotic operations on-orbit. Operating the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) in its tasks of maintaining the multitude of Space Station Orbital Replaceable Units (ORUs) creates numerous operational considerations not seen in the existing Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS) or the future Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS). The differences between the large arms and the dexterous arm greatly affect the interconnection of man, robot, and task. This paper presents some of the issues arising from this new breed of on-orbit robotics as garnered from over three years of ORU testing experience within the Robotic Systems Evaluation Laboratory (RSEL) at NASA Johnson Space Center. The effects of new robotic features on operations, the issues surrounding targets and visual cues, the differences in operating with Force Moment Accommodation (FMA), the effects of changes in task complexity and scale, the lack of supporting flight information, and the changes in procedures required by the dexterous task will be discussed.

  2. RelationshipbetweentheexpressionofIP-10and IP-10mRNAinperipheralbloodandHBVDNA levelinpatientswithcirrhosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian Wang; Ping-Ping Wang; Gui-Ju Xiang; Xiao-Bin Hu

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Post-hepatitic cirrhosis is regarded as common and severe form of liver damage. Interferonγ-inducible protein 10 (IP-10), a member of the non-ELR (glutamic-leucine-arginine) motif CXC chemokine family, has recently been shown to recruit and activate speciifc subsets of leukocytes to sites of inlfammation or an immune response during the development of hepatic cirrhosis. However, the effects of IP-10 and IP-10 mRNA on inlfammatory inifltration at local sites and in the peripheral blood of patients with post-hepatitic cirrhosis as well as their relationship with viral load are still poorly deifned. This study aimed to detect the relationship between the expression of IP-10 in serum, IP-10 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and the levels of HBV DNA in the serum of patients, and to explore their role in the pathogenesis of cirrhosis. METHODS:Typical patients with cirrhosis after HBV infection were selected, and their serum IP-10 concentrations were evaluated with ELISA, the content of IP-10 mRNA in PBMCs was measured by real-time PCR, and the load of HBV DNA in serum and PBMCs was assessed by semi-quantitative analysis of gel imaging. RESULTS:The levels of IP-10 in serum and IP-10 mRNA in PBMCs of patients with cirrhosis were 299.9±77.2 pg/ml and 0.7500±0.1495, respectively. They were higher than those of controls (P CONCLUSIONS:The levels of IP-10 and IP-10 mRNA in the peripheral blood of patients with cirrhosis increase are closely correlated with the load of HBV DNA in serum, and play a key role in the progression of post-hepatitic cirrhosis.

  3. Prueba de Aptitud para el Aprendizaje de Lenguas Extranjeras (PAPALE) Language Aptitude Test (LAT) (First and Second Versions). English for Special Purposes. Emergency Care Attendant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muro, Gertrude

    This book contains two versions of the Language Aptitude Test. It is part of a package of materials developed for use in an English for Special Purposes project, which offers classes in reading, grammar, and emergency care attendant training for limited English proficient students. Introductory material describes the parts of two versions and…

  4. Electroholographic display unit for three-dimensional display by use of special-purpose computational chip for holography and reflective LCD panel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimobaba, Tomoyoshi; Shiraki, Atsushi; Masuda, Nobuyuki; Ito, Tomoyoshi

    2005-05-30

    We developed an electroholography unit, which consists of a special-purpose computational chip for holography and a reflective liquid-crystal display (LCD) panel, for a three-dimensional (3D) display. The special-purpose chip can compute a computer-generated hologram of 800x600 grids in size from a 3D object consisting of approximately 400 points in approximately 0.15 seconds. The pixel pitch and resolution of the LCD panel are 12 mum and 800x600 grids, respectively. We implemented the special purpose chip and LCD panel on a printed circuit board of approximately 28cmx13cm in size. After the calculation, the computer-generated hologram produced by the special-purpose chip is displayed on the LCD panel. When we illuminate a reference light to the LCD panel, we can observe a 3D animation of approximately 3cmx3cmx3cm in size. In the present paper, we report the electroholographic display unit together with a simple 3D display system.

  5. The Development of Strategies for the Assignment of Semantic Information to Unknown Lexemes in Text. Lenguas para Objetivos Especificas (Languages for Special Purposes), No. 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alderson, Charles; Alvarez, Guadalupe

    An English for Special Purposes (ESP) course being developed aims to give the students a series of techniques to help them handle vocabulary in a text, and teach them strategies for identifying meaning in context. Traditional strategies, such as the study of morphology, use of grammatical information, and exercises in dictionary usage, are…

  6. The Development of Strategies for the Assignment of Semantic Information to Unknown Lexemes in Text. Lenguas para Objetivos Especificas (Languages for Special Purposes), No. 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alderson, Charles; Alvarez, Guadalupe

    An English for Special Purposes (ESP) course being developed aims to give the students a series of techniques to help them handle vocabulary in a text, and teach them strategies for identifying meaning in context. Traditional strategies, such as the study of morphology, use of grammatical information, and exercises in dictionary usage, are…

  7. Prueba de Aptitud para el Aprendizaje de Lenguas Extranjeras (PAPALE) Language Aptitude Test (LAT) (First and Second Versions). English for Special Purposes. Emergency Care Attendant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muro, Gertrude

    This book contains two versions of the Language Aptitude Test. It is part of a package of materials developed for use in an English for Special Purposes project, which offers classes in reading, grammar, and emergency care attendant training for limited English proficient students. Introductory material describes the parts of two versions and…

  8. Results from the Stanford 10 m Sagnac interferometer

    CERN Document Server

    Beyersdorf, P T; Fejer, M M

    2002-01-01

    The design of a 10 m all-reflective prototype Sagnac interferometer with suspended optics is described and the experimental results are presented. It uses a polarization scheme to allow detection of the dark fringe on the symmetric port of the beamsplitter for optimal interference contrast. The necessary low-frequency response of the interferometer requires delay lines in the arms. To deal with the noise introduced by scattered light in the delay lines, a laser frequency sweep frequency shifts the scattered light so that it does not produce noise near zero frequency. This results in a shot-noise-limited phase sensitivity of DELTA phi = 1.6 x 10 sup - sup 9 rad Hz sup - sup 1 sup / sup 2 at frequencies as low as 200 Hz. Scaling this prototype to several kilometres with kilowatts of circulating power requires several technical improvements in high-power solid-state lasers, second harmonic generation and the fabrication of large mirrors, which are likely to be made in the next 10 years.

  9. Special Purpose Buoys - USACE IENC

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — These inland electronic Navigational charts (IENCs) were developed from available data used in maintenance of Navigation channels. Users of these IENCs should be...

  10. Recipe and technology development for minced canned products of special purpose based on the underutilized north region fishery object (thorny skate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raibulov S. P.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of justifying the use of thorny skate in the technology of minced meat canned products of special purpose. The key criterion determined the specialized purpose of canned food is the high content of physiologically functional food ingredient of chondroitin sulfate in the cartilage of thorny skate wings. The high content of chondroitin sulfate in raw materials ensures that the content of the physiologically functional ingredient in the finished canned food will be at the level from 220 to 250 mg per 100 g of product. The method of IR blanching is presented for removing urea from the thorny skate muscle tissue. To confirm the efficiency of the developed method of urea removal, it has been proposed to use a modified photocolorimetric method for determination of mass fractions of urea in feed flour according to the governmental standard GOST R 50032–92 "Feed flour made of fish, marine mammals, crustaceans and invertebrates. Methods of determining the mass fraction of urea and calculation of the crude protein with a given mass fraction of carbamide". With the help of this technique, the efficiency of urea removal from the thorny skate tissue by the proposed method has been determined. The residual urea content in the meat of thorny skate after IR blanching is 0.76 %, which is two times lesser than border value of sensitivity of the person (approximated as 1.2 %. The paper presents the materials of experimental substantiation of optimum formulation of new canned meat based on the method of fuzzy modeling. The ratio of the main components of the meatballs recipe (thorny skate and Atlantic cod close to the optimum is 48 % by weight of meat for each component separately.

  11. Experimental Conditions: SE16_S10_M03_D01 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SE16_S10_M03_D01 SE16 Effect of agricultural films for spinach leaf metabolites 2 SE16_S10... Spinacia oleracea Kurohaminstarland Leaf SE16_S10_M03 6.7mg [MassBase ID] MDLC1_35977 SE16_MS1 LC-FT

  12. Experimental Conditions: SE25_S10_M01_D01 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SE25_S10_M01_D01 SE25 Comparison of leaf metabolites among cabbage varieties SE25_S10... Brassica oleracea var. capitata Kanpachi Leaf SE25_S10_M01 6.7mg [MassBase ID] MDLC1_29145 SE25_MS1 LC-FT

  13. Experimental Conditions: SE25_S10_M02_D02 [Metabolonote[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SE25_S10_M02_D02 SE25 Comparison of leaf metabolites among cabbage varieties SE25_S10... Brassica oleracea var. capitata Kanpachi Leaf SE25_S10_M02 6.7mg [MassBase ID] MDLC1_29146 SE25_MS1 LC-FT

  14. Thinking on Teaching Method of English for Specialized Purpose in Psychology%心理学专业英语教学方法思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳晓峰

    2014-01-01

    对国内绝大多数心理学专业学生而言,专业外语主要以英语为主。在大中专院校普及英语教育的同时,结合学生自身主修的心理学专业,对其专业英语(ESP)的学习有非常好的促进作用。本文从心理学ESP教学的方法入手,探讨国内心理学ESP授课过程中的基本运作方式,旨在推进学科完善、全面、健康化发展。%For the most domestic psychology students, English is their mainly foreign language for spe-cial purposes. With the popularization of English education in colleges, learning ESP can greatly promote stu-dents' psychological knowledge. This thesis, proceeding from EPS teaching method, analyzes the basic teach-ing modes, aiming at developing this course perfectly, comprehensively and healthy.

  15. Exploration and Practice of IT Special Purpose English Education%信息类专业英语教学探索与实践*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宇

    2013-01-01

    Special purpose English, one of the major professional courses in the university, has the charac-teristics of integrating language application and professional knowledge. The course focuses on how to make students have interested in professional area and how to improve the ability of reading, understanding materials in English and master professional knowledge. Discusses the teaching content and teaching methods in order to solve the problems, such as singleton module, not enough learning initiative.%  专业英语作为高等院校各专业的一门重要课程,具有语言应用与专业知识紧密结合的特点。如何培养学生学习专业领域知识的兴趣,提高学生阅读、理解外文资料能力和掌握专业知识的技能是该课程建设的重点。针对当前专业英语教学中存在的教学内容简单、教学模式单一、难以调动学生积极性等问题,结合电子信息工程专业英语实践教学,对教学内容、教学手段做一些探索和实践。

  16. CRED 10m Gridded multibeam bathymetry of Asuncion Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded bathymetry shelf, bank and slope environments of Asuncion Island, CNMI. Bottom coverage was achieved in depths between 3 and 3275 meters, but this 10 m grid...

  17. 10 m Slope grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Wake Island, West Central Pacific.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA ship Hi'ialakai and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  18. CRED 10m Gridded multibeam bathymetry of Agrihan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded bathymetry shelf, bank and slope environments of Agrihan Island, CNMI. Bottom coverage was achieved in depths between 3 and 3634 meters, but this 10 m grid...

  19. CRED 10m Gridded multibeam bathymetry of Pagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded bathymetry shelf, bank and slope environments of Pagan Island, CNMI. Bottom coverage was achieved in depths between 3 and 3634 meters, but this 10m grid...

  20. CRED 10m Gridded multibeam bathymetry of Sarigan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded bathymetry shelf, bank and slope environments of Sarigan Island, CNMI. Bottom coverage was achieved in depths between 7 and 2761 meters, but this 10 m grid...

  1. 10m Gridded bathymetry of Swains Island, American Samoa, South Pacific (netCDF format)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded (10 m cell size) bathymetry of the slope environment of Swains Island, American Samoa, South Pacific. Almost complete bottom coverage was achieved in depths...

  2. 10 m Rugosity grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Wake Island, West Central Pacific.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Rugosity is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA ship Hi'ialakai and R/V AHI using the Benthic Terrain Modeler with...

  3. 10 m Gridded bathymetry of Swains Island, American Samoa, South Pacific (Arc ASCII format)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded (10 m cell size) bathymetry of the slope environment of Swains Island, American Samoa, South Pacific. Almost complete bottom coverage was achieved in depths...

  4. Bombom para dietas especiais: avaliação química e sensorial Chocolate confectionery for special purposes: chemical and sensorial evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marissol Richter

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Bombom é o produto constituído por massa de chocolate ou por um núcleo formado de recheios diversos, recobertos por uma camada de chocolate. Alimentos para fins especiais (diet são aqueles nos quais ocorrem modificações no conteúdo de nutrientes, adequados à utilização em dietas diferenciadas. O termo light pode ser utilizado quando for cumprido o atributo de redução mínima de 25% no valor energético total ou no conteúdo de nutrientes de alimentos comparados. Foram desenvolvidos um bombom controle e formulações de bombons diet/light, sendo apenas uma formulação selecionada para estudo. Um bombom comercial foi utilizado como referência. Foram elaboradas análises químicas (obtenção do valor calórico e análise sensorial (teste de aceitação com escala hedônica híbrida para avaliação dos produtos. A substituição dos açúcares por edulcorantes e agentes de corpo foi satisfatória, assim como o uso do substituto de gordura Benefat®. Na análise sensorial, o bombom especial obteve altos níveis de intenção de compra, podendo nesta análise ser considerado como um produto de grande potencial de mercado.Chocolate confectionery is a product consisting of either chocolate mass or a nucleus containing several fillings covered with a chocolate layer. Foods for special purposes are those in which modifications are made in what is related to the nutrients content, adapted to the utilization in differentiated diets. The term light is applied to a product providing it fulfils the attribute of a 25% minimum reduction in the total energetic value or nutrients content if compared to a similar, standard product. Two series of chocolate confectionery samples were prepared: a control sample and ten diet and light formulations, and one of these formulations was selected. A commercial chocolate confectionery was used as reference. The chocolate confectionery samples (control and special were compared using chemical and sensorial

  5. Optical Positions of ICRF Sources from CTIO 1.0M Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE...proyecto del USNO para enlazar los sistemas de referencia en radio y óptico, se tomaron datos con el telescopio CTIO de 1.0 m in 2009. Los primeros

  6. The LENS 7 MeV, 10 mA Proton Linac

    CERN Document Server

    Derenchuk, Vladimir Peter; Bogdanov, Alexander; Jones, William P; Rinckel, Thomas; Solberg, Keith

    2005-01-01

    The Indiana University Cyclotron Facility (IUCF) has constructed and placed in operation a Low Energy Neutron Source (LENS) using a 10 mA, 7 MeV proton beam incident on a beryllium target. The proton delivery system (PDS) consists of a 25 keV proton injector, an AccSys Technology, Inc. PL7 Linac* and a beam transport line with non-linear beam spreading.** The accelerator and beamline equipment used in this construction are refurbished and upgraded components from the IUCF CIS/Cooler synchrotron*** facility. After commissioning the beam current at 7 MeV will be 10 mA with a pulse width of up to 300 μs and > 1% duty factor. The PDS was constructed and commissioning started in 2004. First operating results will be described.

  7. Pembuatan Digital Elevation Model Resolusi 10m dari Peta RBI dan Survei GPS dengan Algoritma Anudem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indarto

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes the generation of Digital Elevation Model (DEM with spatial resolution of 10m x 10m by re-interpolation of elevation data. Data input for this study includes: (1 digitized datum coordinate from RBI map, (2 sample points surveyed by GPS, (3 digitized contour data fromSRTM DEM and ASTER GDEM2, and (4 digitized stream-network layer from RBI. All collected data were converted to mass point coordinats. On the top of Topogrid-ArcGIS, all points data were interpolated to produce DEM. After that the produced DEM were compared and evaluated to the SRTM and ASTER DEMvisually. The result shows that produced DEM are more accurate to represent the detailed topography of the study areas.

  8. Crack growth of 10M Ni-Mn-Ga material in cyclic mechanical loading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaltio, I.; Ge, Y.; Pulkkinen, H.; Sjöberg, A.; Söderberg, O.; Liu, X. W.; Hannula, S.-P.

    The 10M martensitic Ni-Mn-Ga single crystal materials are usually applied in the magneto-mechanical actuators. Therefore, it is important to know the possible effect of the long-term cyclic shape changes on their structure and behavior. This can be evaluated with the mechanical fatigue testing. In the present study, the single crystal 10M Ni-Mn-Ga samples of different compositions were applied to strain-controlled uniaxial mechanical cycling in the multivariant state at ambient temperature. The experiments revealed distinctive changes of the twin variant structure, especially in the mobile twin area, density of twin boundaries, and in the tendency for fatigue crack growth. Characterization of the crack surface showed that the cracks in the microscale grow in a step-wise manner on specific crystallographic planes, i.e, twin boundary planes, but that the macroscopic crack does not occur only along crystallographic directions.

  9. Localization of Aurorae with 10 m High Power Radar Technique, using a Rotating Antenna

    OpenAIRE

    Hellgren, Gösta; Meos, Johan

    2011-01-01

    The paper describes the 10 m high power recorder with a rotating antenna that is used since May 1951 for the localization of aurorae at the Radio Wave Propagation Laboratory of the Kiruna Geophysical Observatory (67.8° N, 20.5° E). Continuous observations during the time May 1951–March 1952 have disclosed periods of auroral activity. The preliminary results from these observations indicate that there is a good correlation between the auroral activity, the magnetic activity, and ...

  10. DISSOLUTION OF PLUTONIUM METAL IN 8-10 M NITRIC ACID

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rudisill, T.; Pierce, R.

    2012-02-21

    The H-Canyon facility will be used to dissolve Pu metal for subsequent purification and conversion to plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) using Phase II of HB-Line. To support the new mission, the development of a Pu metal dissolution flowsheet which utilizes concentrated (8-10 M) nitric acid (HNO{sub 3}) solutions containing potassium fluoride (KF) is required. Dissolution of Pu metal in concentrated HNO{sub 3} is desired to eliminate the need to adjust the solution acidity prior to purification by anion exchange. The preferred flowsheet would use 8-10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.015-0.07 M KF, and 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd to dissolve the Pu up to 6.75 g/L. An alternate flowsheet would use 8-10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.1-0.2 M KF, and 1-2 g/L B to dissolve the Pu. The targeted average Pu metal dissolution rate is 20 mg/min-cm{sup 2}, which is sufficient to dissolve a 'standard' 2250-g Pu metal button in 24 h. Plutonium metal dissolution rate measurements showed that if Gd is used as the nuclear poison, the optimum dissolution conditions occur in 10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.04-0.05 M KF, and 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd at 112 to 116 C (boiling). These conditions will result in an estimated Pu metal dissolution rate of {approx}11-15 mg/min-cm{sup 2} and will result in dissolution times of 36-48 h for standard buttons. The recommended minimum and maximum KF concentrations are 0.03 M and 0.07 M, respectively. The maximum KF concentration is dictated by a potential room-temperature Pu-Gd-F precipitation issue at low Pu concentrations. The purpose of the experimental work described in this report was two-fold. Initially a series of screening experiments was performed to measure the dissolution rate of Pu metal as functions of the HNO{sub 3}, KF, and Gd or B concentrations. The objective of the screening tests was to propose optimized conditions for subsequent flowsheet demonstration tests. Based on the rate measurements, this study found that optimal dissolution conditions in solutions containing 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd

  11. DISSOLUTION OF PLUTONIUM METAL IN 8-10 M NITRIC ACID

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rudisill, T.; Pierce, R.

    2012-02-21

    The H-Canyon facility will be used to dissolve Pu metal for subsequent purification and conversion to plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) using Phase II of HB-Line. To support the new mission, the development of a Pu metal dissolution flowsheet which utilizes concentrated (8-10 M) nitric acid (HNO{sub 3}) solutions containing potassium fluoride (KF) is required. Dissolution of Pu metal in concentrated HNO{sub 3} is desired to eliminate the need to adjust the solution acidity prior to purification by anion exchange. The preferred flowsheet would use 8-10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.015-0.07 M KF, and 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd to dissolve the Pu up to 6.75 g/L. An alternate flowsheet would use 8-10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.1-0.2 M KF, and 1-2 g/L B to dissolve the Pu. The targeted average Pu metal dissolution rate is 20 mg/min-cm{sup 2}, which is sufficient to dissolve a 'standard' 2250-g Pu metal button in 24 h. Plutonium metal dissolution rate measurements showed that if Gd is used as the nuclear poison, the optimum dissolution conditions occur in 10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.04-0.05 M KF, and 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd at 112 to 116 C (boiling). These conditions will result in an estimated Pu metal dissolution rate of {approx}11-15 mg/min-cm{sup 2} and will result in dissolution times of 36-48 h for standard buttons. The recommended minimum and maximum KF concentrations are 0.03 M and 0.07 M, respectively. The maximum KF concentration is dictated by a potential room-temperature Pu-Gd-F precipitation issue at low Pu concentrations. The purpose of the experimental work described in this report was two-fold. Initially a series of screening experiments was performed to measure the dissolution rate of Pu metal as functions of the HNO{sub 3}, KF, and Gd or B concentrations. The objective of the screening tests was to propose optimized conditions for subsequent flowsheet demonstration tests. Based on the rate measurements, this study found that optimal dissolution conditions in solutions containing 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd

  12. Results from the Blazar Monitoring Campaign at the Whipple 10m Gamma-ray Telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Steele, David; Charlot, P; Kurtanidze, O; Lahteenmaki, A; Montaruli, T; Sadun, A C; Villata, M

    2007-01-01

    In September 2005, the observing program of the Whipple 10 m gamma-ray telescope was redefined to be dedicated almost exclusively to AGN monitoring. Since then the five Northern Hemisphere blazars that had already been detected at Whipple are monitored routinely each night that they are visible. Thanks to the efforts of a large number of multiwavelength collaborators, the first year of this program has been very successful. We report here on the analysis of Markarian 421 observations taken from November, 2005 to May, 2006 in the gamma-ray, X-ray, optical and radio bands.

  13. Performance of the 10 m{sup 3} ICARUS liquid argon prototype

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arneodo, F.; Badertscher, A.; Baiboussinov, B.; Battistoni, G.; Benetti, P.; Bernardini, E.; Bischofberger, M.; Di Tigliole, A.B.A. Borio; Brunetti, R.; Bueno, A.; Calligarich, E.; Campanelli, M.; Carpanese, C.; Cavalli, D.; Cavanna, F.; Cennini, P.; Centro, S.; Cesana, A.; Chen, C.; Chen, D.; Chen, Y.; Cline, D.; De Vecchi, C.; Credico, A. Di; Dolfini, R.; Ferrari, A.; Ferri, F.; Berzolari, A.G.A. Gigli; Gil-Botella, I.; Grandi, L.; Grillo, A.; Haag, A.; He, K.; Huang, X.; Kruse, A.; Laffranchi, M.; Li, Z.; Lisowski, M.; Lu, F.; Ma, J.; Matthey, C.; Mauri, F.; Mazza, D.; Meng, G.; Montanari, C.; Muraro, S.; Navas-Concha, S.; Nicoletto, M.; Nurzia, G.; Otwinowski, S.; Ouyang, Q.; Palamara, O. E-mail: ornella.palamara@lngs.infn.it; Pascoli, D.; Periale, L.; Petrera, S.; Mortari, G.P.G. Piano; Piazzoli, A.; Picchi, P.; Pietropaolo, F.; Rancati, T.; Rappoldi, A.; Raselli, G.L.; Rico, J.; Romualdi, B.; Rossella, M.; Rotilio, A.; Rubbia, A.; Rubbia, C.; Sala, P.; Scannicchio, D.; Scapparone, E.; Segreto, E.; Sergiampietri, F.; Sinanis, N.; Tatananni, E.; Terrani, M.; Ventura, S.; Vignoli, C.; Wang, H.; Woo, J.; Xu, G.; Xu, Z.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, Q.; Zhen, S

    2003-02-11

    We report on the performance of a liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber, operating in a 10 m{sup 3} cryostat. This device built in the framework of the ICARUS T600 programme to serve as a full test facility for the adopted cryogenics and mechanical solutions, was successfully tested in 2000 as the last step before the tests of the first 600 t ICARUS module 1 year later. In a final run at the Gran Sasso Laboratory, whose outcome provides the main subject of this paper, also the readout and imaging capabilities of the installed wire chamber and the overall performance of the detector have been successfully tested.

  14. Seasonal and daily variation of radon at 10 m depth in borehole, Garhwal Lesser Himalaya, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choubey, V M; Arora, B R; Barbosa, S M; Kumar, Naresh; Kamra, Leena

    2011-07-01

    Mostly accepted and widely reported radon (Rn(222)) measurements, a tool for earthquake precursor research, is a part of multi-parametric geophysical observation in the Garhwal Lesser Himalaya for earthquake related studies. Radon is being recorded continuously at an interval of 15 min at 10 m depth in a 68 m deep borehole. Three years high resolution 15 min data at 10 m depth shows a complex trend and has a strong seasonal effect along with some diurnal, semi-diurnal and multi-day recurring trends. A well-defined seasonal pattern is prominent with a high emanation in summer and low values in winter accounting for about a 30% decrease in count values in winter when the atmospheric temperature is very low at this station located 1.90 km above mean sea level. Diurnal, semi-diurnal and multi-day trends in this time-series are mainly observed during April-May and October-November. This is the period of spring and autumn when there is a high contrast in day-night atmospheric temperature. Hence the high fluctuation in Rn concentration is mainly caused by the temperature contrast between the air-column inside the borehole and the atmosphere above the earth's surface.

  15. Seasonal and daily variation of radon at 10 m depth in borehole, Garhwal Lesser Himalaya, India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choubey, V.M., E-mail: vchoubey@wihg.res.i [Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33, General Mahadeo Singh Road, Dehradun-248001 (India); Arora, B.R. [Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33, General Mahadeo Singh Road, Dehradun-248001 (India); Barbosa, S.M. [University of Lisbon, IDL, Campo Grande, Edificio C8, 1749-016 Lisboa (Portugal); Kumar, Naresh; Kamra, Leena [Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, 33, General Mahadeo Singh Road, Dehradun-248001 (India)

    2011-07-15

    Mostly accepted and widely reported radon (Rn{sup 222}) measurements, a tool for earthquake precursor research, is a part of multi-parametric geophysical observation in the Garhwal Lesser Himalaya for earthquake related studies. Radon is being recorded continuously at an interval of 15 min at 10 m depth in a 68 m deep borehole. Three years high resolution 15 min data at 10 m depth shows a complex trend and has a strong seasonal effect along with some diurnal, semi-diurnal and multi-day recurring trends. A well-defined seasonal pattern is prominent with a high emanation in summer and low values in winter accounting for about a 30% decrease in count values in winter when the atmospheric temperature is very low at this station located 1.90 km above mean sea level. Diurnal, semi-diurnal and multi-day trends in this time-series are mainly observed during April-May and October-November. This is the period of spring and autumn when there is a high contrast in day-night atmospheric temperature. Hence the high fluctuation in Rn concentration is mainly caused by the temperature contrast between the air-column inside the borehole and the atmosphere above the earth's surface.

  16. DISSOLUTION OF PLUTONIUM METAL IN 8-10 M NITRIC ACID

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rudisill, T. S.; Pierce, R. A.

    2012-07-02

    The H-Canyon facility will be used to dissolve Pu metal for subsequent purification and conversion to plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) using Phase II of HB-Line. To support the new mission, the development of a Pu metal dissolution flowsheet which utilizes concentrated (8-10 M) nitric acid (HNO{sub 3}) solutions containing potassium fluoride (KF) is required. Dissolution of Pu metal in concentrated HNO{sub 3} is desired to eliminate the need to adjust the solution acidity prior to purification by anion exchange. The preferred flowsheet would use 8-10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.015-0.07 M KF, and 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd to dissolve the Pu up to 6.75 g/L. An alternate flowsheet would use 8-10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.05-0.2 M KF, and 1-2 g/L B to dissolve the Pu. The targeted average Pu metal dissolution rate is 20 mg/min-cm{sup 2}, which is sufficient to dissolve a “standard” 2250-g Pu metal button in 24 h. Plutonium metal dissolution rate measurements showed that if Gd is used as the nuclear poison, the optimum dissolution conditions occur in 10 M HNO{sub 3}, 0.04-0.05 M KF, and 0.5-1.0 g/L Gd at 112 to 116 °C (boiling). These conditions will result in an estimated Pu metal dissolution rate of ~11-15 mg/min-cm{sup 2} and will result in dissolution times of 36-48 h for standard buttons. The recommended minimum and maximum KF concentrations are 0.03 M and 0.07 M, respectively. The data also indicate that lower KF concentrations would yield dissolution rates for B comparable to those observed with Gd at the same HNO{sub 3} concentration and dissolution temperature. To confirm that the optimal conditions identified by the dissolution rate measurements can be used to dissolve Pu metal up to 6.75 g/L in the presence of representative concentrations of Fe and Gd or B, a series of experiments was performed to demonstrate the flowsheets. In three of the five experiments, the offgas generation rate during the dissolution was measured and samples were analyzed for hydrogen gas (H{sub 2}). The use of

  17. Innovative Structural Design Features for a 10 m Solar Sail Demonstrator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laue, G.; Moore, J.; Clayton, W.

    2004-01-01

    The successful development of sail architectures will require careful attention to a number of key issues including but not limited to material strength issues, stress conditions for the membrane, load interactions between membrane and structure, and membrane material planarity. Along with the inherent challenges of fabricating and handling very large membrane structures these issues will pose real challenges for the near-term development of practical sail technologies. SRS has developed innovative technologies that deal directly with the challenges of developing very large sail membranes. Some of these technologies include edge reinforcements and innovative reinforcement attachment techniques, production of flight durable sail materials of less than 2.5 micron thicknesses and large scale fabrication techniques. SRS has employed these technologies in several large 10 m demonstrators that have been delivered to LaRC for solar vacuum testing. Details of the design of this system will be discussed.

  18. Optical layout for a 10m Fabry-P\\'erot Michelson interferometer with tunable stability

    CERN Document Server

    Gräf, Christian; Lück, Harald; Willke, Benno; Strain, Kenneth A; Goßler, Stefan; Danzmann, Karsten

    2011-01-01

    The sensitivity of high-precision interferometric measurements can be limited by Brownian noise within dielectric mirror coatings. This occurs, for instance, in the optical resonators of gravitational wave detectors where the noise can be reduced by increasing the laser beam size. However, the stability of the resonator and its optical performance often impose a limit on the maximally feasible beam size. In this article we describe the optical design of a 10\\,m Fabry-P\\'erot Michelson interferometer with tunable stability. Our design will allow us to carry out initial commissioning with arm cavities of high stability, while afterwards the arm cavity length can be increased stepwise towards the final, marginally stable configuration. Requiring only minimal hardware changes, with respect to a comparable "static" layout, the proposed technique will not only enable us to explore the stability limits of an optical resonator with realistic mirrors exhibiting inevitable surface imperfections, but also the opportunit...

  19. Features of 10-M-long, 50-MM-Twin-aperture LHC dipole magnet prototypes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Devred, A. [CEA Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Dept. d`Astrophysique, de la Physique des Particules, de la Physique Nucleaire et de l`Instrumentation Associee]|[CERN, Laboratoire Europeen pour la Physique des Particules, Geneva (Switzerland)

    1998-03-01

    In 1991, the Laboratoire Europeen pour la Physique des particules (CERN) has launched the fabrication in industry of seven 10-m long, 50-mm-twin-aperture dipole magnet prototypes for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Three of these prototypes were built in Italy, in collaboration with the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN, by Ansaldo Energia Spa, two were built in Germany by Noell GmbH, one was built in France by a consortium constituted by Jeumont Industries and GEC Alsthom, and the last one was built by a consortium constituted by Elin in Austria and Holec in the Netherlands. In this paper, we review the design and specific features of the seven LHC dipole magnet prototypes. (author) 21 refs.

  20. Constraining the Bulk Density of 10m-Class Near-Earth Asteroid 2012 LA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mommert, Michael; Hora, Joseph; Farnocchia, Davide; Trilling, David; Chesley, Steve; Harris, Alan; Mueller, Migo; Smith, Howard

    2016-08-01

    The physical properties of near-Earth asteroids (NEAs) provide important hints on their origin, as well as their past physical and orbital evolution. Recent observations seem to indicate that small asteroids are different than expected: instead of being monolithic bodies, some of them instead resemble loose conglomerates of smaller rocks, so called 'rubble piles'. This is surprising, since self-gravitation is practically absent in these bodies. Hence, bulk density measurements of small asteroids, from which their internal structure can be estimated, provide unique constraints on asteroid physical models, as well as models for asteroid evolution. We propose Spitzer Space Telescope observations of 10 m-sized NEA 2012 LA, which will allow us to constrain the diameter, albedo, bulk density, macroporosity, and mass of this object. We require 30 hrs of Spitzer time to detect our target with a minimum SNR of 3 in CH2. In order to interpret our observational results, we will use the same analysis technique that we used in our successful observations and analyses of tiny asteroids 2011 MD and 2009 BD. Our science goal, which is the derivation of the target's bulk density and its internal structure, can only be met with Spitzer. Our observations will produce only the third comprehensive physical characterization of an asteroid in the 10m size range (all of which have been carried out by our team, using Spitzer). Knowledge of the physical properties of small NEAs, some of which pose an impact threat to the Earth, is of importance for understanding their evolution and estimating the potential of destruction in case of an impact, as well as for potential manned missions to NEAs for either research or potential commercial uses.

  1. Size-frequency distribution of boulders ≥10 m on comet 103P/Hartley 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pajola, Maurizio; Lucchetti, Alice; Bertini, Ivano; Marzari, Francesco; A'Hearn, Michael F.; La Forgia, Fiorangela; Lazzarin, Monica; Naletto, Giampiero; Barbieri, Cesare

    2016-01-01

    Aims: We derive the size-frequency distribution of boulders on comet 103P/Hartley 2, which are computed from the images taken by the Deep Impact/HRI-V imaging system. We indicate the possible physical processes that lead to these boulder size distributions. Methods: We used images acquired by the High Resolution Imager-Visible CCD camera on 4 November 2010. Boulders ≥10 m were identified and manually extracted from the datasets with the software ArcGIS. We derived the global size-frequency distribution of the illuminated side of the comet (~50%) and identified the power-law indexes characterizing the two lobes of 103P. The three-pixel sampling detection, together with the shadowing of the surface, enables unequivocally detection of boulders scattered all over the illuminated surface. Results: We identify 332 boulders ≥10 m on the imaged surface of the comet, with a global number density of nearly 140/km2 and a cumulative size-frequency distribution represented by a power law with index of -2.7 ± 0.2. The two lobes of 103P show similar indexes, i.e., -2.7 ± 0.2 for the bigger lobe (called L1) and -2.6+ 0.2/-0.5 for the smaller lobe (called L2). The similar power-law indexes and similar maximum boulder sizes derived for the two lobes both point toward a similar fracturing/disintegration phenomena of the boulders as well as similar lifting processes that may occur in L1 and L2. The difference in the number of boulders per km2 between L1 and L2 suggests that the more diffuse H2O sublimation on L1 produce twice the boulders per km2 with respect to those produced on L2 (primary activity CO2 driven). The 103P comet has a lower global power-law index (-2.7 vs. -3.6) with respect to 67P. The global differences between the two comets' activities, coupled with a completely different surface geomorphology, make 103P hardly comparable to 67P. A shape distribution analysis of boulders ≥30 m performed on 103P suggests that the cometary boulders show more elongated shapes

  2. 论内隐学习在高职专门用途外语教学中的运用%On Application of Implicit Learning in Vocational Special Purpose Foreign Language Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈思; 王显辉

    2014-01-01

    Set up special purpose foreign language courses are vocational colleges to meet the national need for strategic ad-justment of economic structure, develop a more comprehensive quality and innovative ability of composite applications tal-ents, especially highlighting the students' practical ability of the industry training is an important initiative. To make special purpose language teaching curriculum to better play its role, the paper discusses the use of implicit learning in specialized vocational foreign language teaching.%专门用途外语课程的设置是高职院校为适应国家经济结构战略性调整需要,培养出更多的具有综合素质和实践创新能力的应用型复合人才,特别突出强调对学生各行业的实践能力的培养一项重要举措。为了让专门用途外语课程更好地发挥其教学作用,本文论述了内隐学习在高职专门用途外语教学中的运用。

  3. A Search for Dark Matter Annihilation with the Whipple 10m Telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Wood, M; Bradbury, S M; Buckley, J H; Byrum, K L; Chow, Y C K; Cui, W; Perez, I de la Calle; Falcone, A D; Fegan, S J; Finley, J P; Grube, J; Hall, J; Hanna, D; Holder, J; Horan, D; Humensky, T B; Kieda, D B; Kildea, J; Konopelko, A; Krawczynski, H; Krennrich, F; Lang, M J; Le Bohec, S; Nagai, T; Ong, R A; Perkins, J S; Pohl, M; Quinn, J; Rose, H J; Sembroski, G H; Vasilev, V V; Wagner, R G; Wakely, S P; Weekes, T C; Weinstein, A

    2008-01-01

    We present observations of the dwarf galaxies Draco and Ursa Minor, the local group galaxies M32 and M33, and the globular cluster M15 conducted with the Whipple 10m gamma-ray telescope to search for the gamma-ray signature of self-annihilating weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) which may constitute astrophysical dark matter (DM). We review the motivations for selecting these sources based on their unique astrophysical environments and report the results of the data analysis which produced upper limits on excess rate of gamma rays for each source. We consider models for the DM distribution in each source based on the available observational constraints and discuss possible scenarios for the enhancement of the gamma-ray luminosity. Limits on the thermally averaged product of the total self-annihilation cross section and velocity of the WIMP, , are derived using conservative estimates for the magnitude of the astrophysical contribution to the gamma-ray flux. Although these limits do not constrain pred...

  4. High Resolution Imaging of Satellites with Ground-Based 10-m Astronomical Telescopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marois, C

    2007-01-04

    High resolution imaging of artificial satellites can play an important role in current and future space endeavors. One such use is acquiring detailed images that can be used to identify or confirm damage and aid repair plans. It is shown that a 10-m astronomical telescope equipped with an adaptive optics system (AO) to correct for atmospheric turbulence using a natural guide star can acquire high resolution images of satellites in low-orbits using a fast shutter and a near-infrared camera even if the telescope is not capable of tracking satellites. With the telescope pointing towards the satellite projected orbit and less than 30 arcsec away from a guide star, multiple images of the satellite are acquired on the detector using the fast shutter. Images can then be shifted and coadded by post processing to increase the satellite signal to noise ratio. Using the Keck telescope typical Strehl ratio and anisoplanatism angle as well as a simple diffusion/reflection model for a satellite 400 km away observed near Zenith at sunset or sunrise, it is expected that such system will produced > 10{sigma} K-band images at a resolution of 10 cm inside a 60 arcsec diameter field of view. If implemented, such camera could deliver the highest resolution satellite images ever acquired from the ground.

  5. ANIR : Atacama Near-Infrared Camera for the 1.0-m miniTAO Telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Konishi, Masahiro; Tateuchi, Ken; Takahashi, Hidenori; Kitagawa, Yutaro; Kato, Natsuko; Sako, Shigeyuki; Uchimoto, Yuka K; Toshikawa, Koji; Ohsawa, Ryou; Yamamuro, Tomoyasu; Asano, Kentaro; Ita, Yoshifusa; Kamizuka, Takafumi; Komugi, Shinya; Koshida, Shintaro; Manabe, Sho; Matsunaga, Noriyuki; Minezaki, Takeo; Morokuma, Tomoki; Nakashima, Asami; Takagi, Toshinobu; Tanabé, Toshihiko; Uchiyama, Mizuho; Aoki, Tsutomu; Doi, Mamoru; Handa, Toshihiro; Kato, Daisuke; Kawara, Kimiaki; Kohno, Kotaro; Miyata, Takashi; Nakamura, Tomohiko; Okada, Kazushi; Soyano, Takao; Tamura, Yoichi; Tanaka, Masuo; Tarusawa, Ken'ichi; Yoshii, Yuzuru

    2015-01-01

    We have developed a near-infrared camera called ANIR (Atacama Near-InfraRed camera) for the University of Tokyo Atacama Observatory 1.0m telescope (miniTAO) installed at the summit of Cerro Chajnantor (5640 m above sea level) in northern Chile. The camera provides a field of view of 5'.1 $\\times$ 5'.1 with a spatial resolution of 0".298 /pixel in the wavelength range of 0.95 to 2.4 $\\mu$m. Taking advantage of the dry site, the camera is capable of hydrogen Paschen-$\\alpha$ (Pa$\\alpha$, $\\lambda=$1.8751 $\\mu$m in air) narrow-band imaging observations, at which wavelength ground-based observations have been quite difficult due to deep atmospheric absorption mainly from water vapor. We have been successfully obtaining Pa$\\alpha$ images of Galactic objects and nearby galaxies since the first-light observation in 2009 with ANIR. The throughputs at the narrow-band filters ($N1875$, $N191$) including the atmospheric absorption show larger dispersion (~10%) than those at broad-band filters (a few %), indicating that ...

  6. Invited review article: A 10 mK scanning probe microscopy facility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Young Jae; Otte, Alexander F; Shvarts, Vladimir; Zhao, Zuyu; Kuk, Young; Blankenship, Steven R; Band, Alan; Hess, Frank M; Stroscio, Joseph A

    2010-12-01

    We describe the design, development and performance of a scanning probe microscopy (SPM) facility operating at a base temperature of 10 mK in magnetic fields up to 15 T. The microscope is cooled by a custom designed, fully ultra-high vacuum (UHV) compatible dilution refrigerator (DR) and is capable of in situ tip and sample exchange. Subpicometer stability at the tip-sample junction is achieved through three independent vibration isolation stages and careful design of the dilution refrigerator. The system can be connected to, or disconnected from, a network of interconnected auxiliary UHV chambers, which include growth chambers for metal and semiconductor samples, a field-ion microscope for tip characterization, and a fully independent additional quick access low temperature scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and atomic force microscope (AFM) system. To characterize the system, we present the cooling performance of the DR, vibrational, tunneling current, and tip-sample displacement noise measurements. In addition, we show the spectral resolution capabilities with tunneling spectroscopy results obtained on an epitaxial graphene sample resolving the quantum Landau levels in a magnetic field, including the sublevels corresponding to the lifting of the electron spin and valley degeneracies.

  7. High Resolution Imaging of Satellites with Ground-Based 10-m Astronomical Telescopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marois, C

    2007-01-04

    High resolution imaging of artificial satellites can play an important role in current and future space endeavors. One such use is acquiring detailed images that can be used to identify or confirm damage and aid repair plans. It is shown that a 10-m astronomical telescope equipped with an adaptive optics system (AO) to correct for atmospheric turbulence using a natural guide star can acquire high resolution images of satellites in low-orbits using a fast shutter and a near-infrared camera even if the telescope is not capable of tracking satellites. With the telescope pointing towards the satellite projected orbit and less than 30 arcsec away from a guide star, multiple images of the satellite are acquired on the detector using the fast shutter. Images can then be shifted and coadded by post processing to increase the satellite signal to noise ratio. Using the Keck telescope typical Strehl ratio and anisoplanatism angle as well as a simple diffusion/reflection model for a satellite 400 km away observed near Zenith at sunset or sunrise, it is expected that such system will produced > 10{sigma} K-band images at a resolution of 10 cm inside a 60 arcsec diameter field of view. If implemented, such camera could deliver the highest resolution satellite images ever acquired from the ground.

  8. Realization of a 10M/100Mbps CMOS monolithic optical receiver

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Huangping; Li, Jifang; Cheng, Xiang; Lu, Jing; Huang, Yuanqing; Chen, Chao

    2009-11-01

    A monolithic optical receiver fabricated in standard 0.5μm CMOS process is presented. The fingered doublephotodetector with structure of P+/N-well and N-well/P-substrate is designed. Some critical characteristics of doublephotodetector are analyzed in detail. At 2.5V reverse voltage, the maximum dark current is 10 pA. The intrinsic cut-off frequency is above 100MHz. The measured and simulated responsivity is 0.04A/W and 0.03A/W at 850nm wavelength, respectively. In the testing of double-photodetector, the minimum and maximum of rise time is 2.67ns and 7.11ns while the minimum and maximum of fall time is 2.67ns and 31.78ns. A Spice model of DPD is established for the compatibledesign of OEIC. In simulation of pre-amplifier circuit, the pass-band gain is approximate 18.8 KΩ. The lower cut-off frequency is 7KHz while the upper cut-off frequency is 700MHz. The simulated eye diagram of OEIC at 100Mbps is featured of clear trace, wide eye-opening and small zero-crossing distortion. The small signal bandwidth of OEIC is about 54MHz. The eye diagram at 50Mbps and 250Mbps has some distortion due to direct current malajustment. In the point-to-point optical interconnection, the transmission bit rate of 72Mbps is achieved. The monolithic optical receiver can be applied in 10M/100Mbps optical data transmission.

  9. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Asuncion Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of change...

  10. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Sarigan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  11. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Supply Reef, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  12. Slope grid derived from 10m gridded bathymetry of Alamagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  13. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  14. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Pagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  15. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Agrihan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  16. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Guguan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  17. Rugosity 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Rugosity is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI, using the Benthic Terrain Modeler with...

  18. Rugosity 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Asuncion Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Rugosity is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI, using the Benthic Terrain Modeler with...

  19. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Wake Island, West Central Pacific.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  20. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Wake Island, West Central Pacific.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard R/V...

  1. Rugosity 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Sarigan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Rugosity is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hi'ialakai and R/V AHI, using the Benthic Terrain Modeler with...

  2. CRED 10m Gridded multibeam bathymetry of Maug Island(s), Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded bathymetry shelf, bank and slope environments of Maug Island(s), CNMI. Bottom coverage was achieved in depths between 4 and 3275 meters. This 10-m grid also...

  3. Special Purpose Crew Restraints for Teleoperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitmore, Mihriban; Holden, Kritina; Norris, Lena

    2004-01-01

    With permanent human presence onboard the International Space Station (ISS), and long duration space missions being planned for the moon and Mars, humans will be living and working in microgravity over increasingly long periods of time. In addition to weightlessness, the confined nature of a spacecraft environment results in ergonomic challenges such as limited visibility, and access to the activity area. These challenges can result in prolonged periods of unnatural postures for the crew, ultimately causing pain, injury, and loss of productivity. Determining the right set of human factors requirements and providing an ergonomically designed environment is crucial to mission success. While a number of general purpose restraints have been used on ISS (handrails, foot loops), experience has shown that these general purpose restraints may not be optimal, or even acceptable for some tasks that have unique requirements. For example, some onboard activities require extreme stability (e.g., glovebox microsurgery), and others involve the use of arm, torso and foot movements in order to perform the task (e-g. robotic teleoperation); standard restraint systems will not work in these situations. The Usability Testing and Analysis Facility (WAF) at the NASA Johnson Space Center began evaluations of crew restraints for these special situations by looking at NASAs Robonaut. Developed by the Robot Systems Technology Branch, Robonaut is a humanoid robot that can be remotely operated through a tetepresence control system by an operator. It was designed to perform work in hazardous environments (e.g., Extra Vehicular Activities). A Robonaut restraint was designed, modeled for the population, and ultimately tested onboard the KC-135 microgravity aircraft. While in microgravity, participants were asked to get in and out of the restraint from different locations, perform maximum reach exercises, and finally to teleoperate Robonaut while in the restraint. The sessions were videotaped, and participants completed a questionnaire at the end of each flight day. Results from this evaluation are being used to develop the human factors design requirements for teleoperation tasks in microgravity.

  4. Electrical Characterization of Special Purpose Linear Microcircuits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    Forced voltage VHS "Hold" step voltage VIH Logic ŕ" input voltage VII, Logic Ŕ" input voltage VIN Input voltage V10 Input offset voltage VIO AW...This measurement is performed similar to (10), but with Vcc = + 15 VDC, VIH = + 10.4 , and K6 energized. 12. Gain Error Drift (F7SW AT) The unipolar

  5. SPECIAL PURPOSE SHOCK TUBE for BLAST ASSESSMENT

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This device is a specially designed shock tube for testing fabric samples in a controlled environment. The device determines the appropriate types of sensors to be...

  6. 论英语语料库辅助下的学科专业英语(ESP)教学%Corpus-Assisted Teaching of English for Special Purpose (ESP)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王健燕

    2012-01-01

    ESP教学是目前全球英语教学的发展趋势,虽然它对语言和学科专业内容都有一定的要求,但更侧重于应用语言学的研究范畴。我国的ESP课程仍旧需要由英语教师来承担主要教学任务。为了突破学科制约的瓶颈,ESP教师应利用多种英语语料库,参照现有的语料库辅助教学实践,结合具体专业学科内容,在课堂活动设计和专业英语教材编写等方面适当引入语料库数据,兼顾专业英语的国际化和本土化特色,以帮助学习者在真实语料信息中获取更专业的知识,与国际学术前沿快速接轨。%English for Special Purpose (ESP), as an international trend, is part of the Applied Linguistics. Thanks to the various English corpora, teachers are able to retrieve plenty of authentic language data of technical terms, sentence patterns, and some other distinctive features concerned with a certain profes sion. So long as the corpora remain conveniently accessible, teaching English for Special Purpose can be technically assisted for the benefit of both learners language skills and professional performance.

  7. RNase L controls terminal adipocyte differentiation, lipids storage and insulin sensitivity via CHOP10 mRNA regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabre, Odile Martine Julie; Salehzada, T; Lambert, K

    2012-01-01

    Adipose tissue structure is altered during obesity, leading to deregulation of whole-body metabolism. Its function depends on its structure, in particular adipocytes number and differentiation stage. To better understand the mechanisms regulating adipogenesis, we have investigated the role...... is associated with CHOP10 mRNA and regulates its stability. CHOP10 expression is conserved in RNase L(-/-)-MEFs, maintaining preadipocyte state while impairing their terminal differentiation. RNase L(-/-)-MEFs have decreased lipids storage capacity, insulin sensitivity and glucose uptake. Expression of ectopic...... RNase L in RNase L(-/-)-MEFs triggers CHOP10 mRNA instability, allowing increased lipids storage, insulin response and glucose uptake. Similarly, downregulation of CHOP10 mRNA with CHOP10 siRNA in RNase L(-/-)-MEFs improves their differentiation in adipocyte. In vivo, aged RNase L(-)/(-) mice present...

  8. Adductor Canal Block With 10 mL Versus 30 mL Local Anesthetics and Quadriceps Strength

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jæger, Pia; Koscielniak-Nielsen, Zbigniew J; Hilsted, Karen Lisa;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adductor canal block (ACB) is predominantly a sensory nerve block, but excess volume may spread to the femoral triangle and reduce quadriceps strength. We hypothesized that reducing the local anesthetic volume from 30 to 10 mL may lead to fewer subjects with quadriceps...

  9. Effect of IL-10 mRNA expression in acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity%白细胞介素-10mRNA表达在对乙酰氨基酚所致肝损害中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田丰; 解莹; 张亚杰

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the role of interleukin-10( IL-10 ) in acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxic-ity. Methods To establish the model of acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in SD rats. The levels of serum ALT of AAP group and control group were measured by radioimmunoassay. Hepatic tissue samples were taken to evaluate pathological changes by HE staining and the IL-10 mRNA expression was detected by RT-PCR. Results Compared to control group, serum ALT( nKat/L )were progressively increased after acetaminophen administration( P < 0. 01 )in different time periods; Liver pathological damage were progressively exacerbated; The expression of IL-10 mRNA in liver tissue increased significantly( P <0. 01 ),and reached a peak at 12 h. Conclusion IL-10 has a strong inhibitory effect on pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, which may play a protective role in acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity.%目的 探讨白细胞介素-10(IL-10)在AAP肝损害中的作用.方法 应用对乙酰氨基酚(AAP)建立SD大鼠肝损害模型;AAP组和对照组分别测定血清ALT水平,HE染色观察肝脏病理变化,RT-PCR方法检测大鼠肝组织中IL-10 mRNA的表达.结果 AAP组和对照组相比,各时间点血清ALT水平均显著升高(P<0.01);肝脏病理损伤进行性加剧;肝组织IL-10 mRNA表达显著升高(P<0.01),于12 h达高峰.结论 IL-10可能具有抑制促炎因子表达作用,在AAP引起的肝损害中可能起到肝脏保护作用.

  10. Comparisons of Monthly Mean 10 M Wind Speeds from Satellites and NWP Products Over the Global Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-10-09

    Resolution QSCAT SSM/I NOGAPS ERA-40 NCEP Sea Winds instrument on the Quick Scatterometer Special Sensor Microwave/Imager Navy Operational...measurements with 25-point smoothing as described earlier. [25] Within the latitudes spanning the Arctic and Antarctic , no ice mask is applied in order to...ET AL.: 10 M WINDS OVER THE GLOBAL OCEAN D16109 egies that blend two or more of these products to produce improved forcing fields. [53

  11. Expression of CXCL4 and aquaporin 3 and 10 mRNAs in patients with otitis media with effusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Zhe; Cha, Sung Ho; Choi, Yong-Sung; Kim, Young Il; Choi, Sun A; Yeo, Seung Geun

    2016-02-01

    Bacterial infections in children with underdeveloped Eustachian tubes are a major cause of otitis media with effusion (OEM), and persistent effusion in the middle ear in these patients is a major cause of surgical intervention. CXCL4 is associated with bacterial infection, and aquaporins 3 and 10 are associated with water metabolism. This study assessed the expression of mRNAs encoding CXCL-4 and aquaporins 3 and 10 in the effusion of pediatric OME patients, and the association of this expression with clinical manifestations. Levels of CXCL4 and aquaporin 3 and 10 mRNA were assayed by real-time RT-PCR in the middle ear effusion of 38 pediatric patients with OME requiring ventilation tube insertion. The relationships of these mRNA levels with the presence of bacteria; concomitant diseases such as allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, and adenoid disease; recurrence of OME; and number of ventilation tube insertions were evaluated. CXCL4 and aquaporin 3 and 10 mRNAs were expressed in middle ear effusion of all OME patients. CXCL-4 mRNA levels were significantly lower when bacteria were present and in patients with concomitant diseases (p0.05 each). The levels of CXCL4 and aquaporin 10 mRNAs were significantly correlated (p<0.05). Expression of CXCL4 and aquaporin 3 and 10 mRNAs in middle ear effusion is associated with the pathophysiology of OME. CXCL4 mRNA levels are significantly lower in patients with than without concomitant diseases or bacterial infections. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. English Teaching Reform in Master of Public Health by Introducing English for Special Purpose%基于ESP教学理念开展公共卫生硕士专业英语教学改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄锟; 陶芳标; 郝加虎; 张腊香; 李佳; 胡传来

    2014-01-01

    English for Special Purpose (ESP) is a competency-based training mode ,emphasizing on the language application ability matched for vocational capacity .In this article ,we have adopted ESP in the English teaching reform in Master of Public Health (MPH) .Based on the constructivism ,we start from the requirement analysis and establish multimodal approaches ,introducing task-based ap-proach and constructivism-based lexicological strategies ,conducting register analysis and discourse a-nalysis ,focusing on emotional factors and enhancing cooperative learning as well .By this way ,we aim to strengthen spoken and w ritten abilities in M PH ,and promote English applicability and practice in professional work of public health .%专门用途英语(ESP)是以“能力本位”为核心的教学形式,注重与职业能力相匹配的英语使用能力的培养。本文将ESP教学理念引入公共卫生硕士专业英语的教学改革,从学生需求出发,基于建构理论,开展任务型教学,引入多种建构主义词汇学习策略,结合语域分析和语篇分析,同时关注学习中的情感因素,构建多模态英语教学模式,加强合作学习,以提升公共卫生硕士听、说、读、写等技能,增强语言在公共卫生专业工作中的应用性和实践性。

  13. Utilization of Photo-Cross-Linkable Polymer for Mild Steel Corrosion Inhibition in 1.0 M HCl Medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baskar, R.; Gopiraman, M.; Kesavan, D.; Subramanian, K.; Gopalakrishnan, S.

    2015-08-01

    Novel biphenyl-based photo-cross-linkable polymers were synthesized and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Upon UV irradiation, the polymers were cross-linked even in the absence of photo initiator or sensitizers, and the rate of photo-cross-linking was examined and discussed. The effectiveness of both virgin and cross-linked polymers for corrosion resistance on mild steel in 1.0 M hydrochloric acid medium was investigated, using polarization studies, electrochemical impedance measurements as well as by adsorption isotherm and surface analysis. The results clearly indicated a dramatic increase in the efficiency of inhibition of corrosion on mild steel by the photo-cross-linked polymer as compared to virgin polymers.

  14. Identifying Meteor Streams Containing 10-m Bolides in Near-Earth Space and Determining their Temporal Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, H.; Russell, C. T.; Wei, H.; Delzanno, G.; Connors, M. G.

    2013-12-01

    The collision rate of small bodies orbiting the Sun increases with decreasing size. While small bodies in the 10-m class are difficult to detect from Earth, they are relatively easily detected by interplanetary spacecraft with magnetometers. A 10m body need be struck by a body only 20 cm across (traveling at 20 km/s) to be completely disrupted. The solar wind will sweep up the charged nano-scale dust as it flows through the debris forming a magnetic cloud. Because of the large size of the magnetic cloud only a small drop in the solar wind speed is needed to provide the momentum flux required to accelerate the cloud radially from the Sun. The cloud is carried outward and can be detected by any one of several interplanetary spacecraft. This procedure was first utilized on debris co-orbiting with the comet 2201 Oljato as monitored beginning in 1978 by the Pioneer Venus Orbiter and followed up by Venus Express that is still in operation. The meteoroid trail dissipated in just 30 years. We have used ACE, Wind and STEREO to identify a meteor stream co-orbiting with asteroid 138175 whose descending node is aligned with the Sun and the Earth on about April 17 each year. We have followed this trail from 1998 to the present and find that material extends to over 30° in front of the asteroid. It has been a steady producer of collisions over the last 15 years. The period of very close approach of this material to Earth may be over for a while but the material should be accessible by robotic or crewed missions as the orbit of 139175 has only a modest eccentricity and inclination to the ecliptic plane. Matching orbits with it should be similar in difficulty to a Venus flyby mission.

  15. Heart rate recovery after the 10-m incremental shuttle walking test in older adults with intellectual disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oppewal, Alyt; Hilgenkamp, Thessa I M; van Wijck, Ruud; Evenhuis, Heleen M

    2014-03-01

    Heart rate recovery (HRR) after exercise is an independent predictor for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. To investigate the usefulness of HRR in cardiorespiratory exercise testing in older adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), the aims of this study were (a) to assess HRR in older adults with ID after the 10-m incremental shuttle walking test (ISWT) and (b) its association with personal characteristics (gender, age, distance walked on the ISWT, level of ID, genetic syndrome causing ID, autism, behavioral problems, and peak heart rate (HRpeak)). HRR was assessed after the 10-m incremental shuttle walking test in 300 older adults (>50 years) with borderline to profound ID. HRR was defined as the change from HRpeak during the ISWT to heart rate measured after 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 min of passive recovery. The largest decrease in heart rate was in the first minute of recovery leveling off toward the fifth minute of recovery. An abnormal HHR (≤12 bpm) was seen in 36.1% of the participants with Down syndrome (DS) and in 30.7% of the participants with ID by other causes. After the fifth minute the heart rates of 69.4% of the participants with DS and of 61.4% of the participants with ID by other causes returned to resting levels. HRpeak and distance walked on the ISWT were positively related to all HRR measures. More severe ID was negatively related and having DS positively related to HRR after 3-5 min of recovery. The other characteristics were not significantly associated to HRR. HRR is a potentially useful outcome measure in cardiorespiratory fitness testing of older adults with ID with a direct, objective, and non-invasive measurement. Further research is needed to identify the relation between HRR and adverse health outcomes in this population.

  16. The search for short-term flares in extended VHE Crab Nebula observations with the Whipple 10m telescope

    CERN Document Server

    de Bhroithe, Anna O'Faolain

    2015-01-01

    In 1989, the Whipple 10m telescope achieved the first indisputable detection of a TeV gamma-ray source, the Crab Nebula. Until its decommissioning in 2011, the Whipple telescope took regular measurements of the nebula. With the recent discovery of GeV gamma-ray flaring activity in the Crab Nebula, it is an opportune time to return to the Whipple telescope data set and search its extensive archive for evidence of TeV flares. A data set on the Crab Nebula spanning ten years, 2000 - 2010, is compiled and searched for day-scale flaring activity using a Bayesian-block binning algorithm. No evidence for significant flaring activity is found. Monte Carlo simulations show that low levels of flux increase on short timescales are difficult to detect. Assuming a flare duration of seven days, 99% confidence level upper limits are calculated for the possible frequency of five-fold, two-fold and 1.5-fold flares in the data set. An upper limit of 0.02 flares per year is found for the five-fold flare, and a limit of 0.27 fla...

  17. Ionization energies of niobium carbide clusters Nb(n)C(m) (n = 3-10, m = 0-7).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukushima, Naoya; Miyajima, Ken; Mafuné, Fumitaka

    2009-03-19

    We prepared niobium carbide clusters, Nb(n)C(m), in the gas phase by a double laser ablation technique. A photoionization efficiency was measured as a function of the wavelength of an ionization laser to determine ionization energies (E(i)'s) of Nb(n)C(m) (n = 3-10, m = 0-7). The E(i)'s of Nb(4)C(4) and Nb(5)C(3) are found to be the lowest in the clusters studied. When the experimental E(i)'s are compared with the E(i)'s estimated by the density functional calculation previously reported (Harris, H.; Dance, I. J. Phys. Chem. A 2001, 105, 3340-3358), we determined Nb(5)C(3) to have a similar 2 x 2 x 2 cubic structure as Nb(4)C(4). We also found that the E(i)'s of carbon-rich clusters, Nb(n)C(m) (n 5 eV) than the E(i)'s of the niobium-rich clusters. The high E(i)'s are due to the structure of the carbon-rich clusters: carbon-carbon bonding is preferred when the number of carbon atoms exceeds the number of metal atoms. The structure was also discussed in relation to the reactivity of cluster ions with a hydrogen molecule.

  18. Geometry and stability of BenCm (n=1-10; m=1, 2, ..., to 11-n) clusters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghouri, Mohammed M; Yareeda, Lakshmi; Mainardi, Daniela S

    2007-12-20

    Density functional theory B3PW91/6-31+G* calculations on BenCm (n=1-10; m=1, 2, ..., to 11-n) clusters have been carried out to examine the effect of cluster size, relative composition, binding energy per atom, HOMO-LUMO gap, vertical ionization potential, and electron affinity on their relative stabilities. The most stable planar cyclic conformations of these clusters always show at least a set of two carbon atoms between two beryllium atoms, while structures where beryllium atoms cluster together, or allow the intercalation of one carbon atom between two of them, generally seem to be the least stable ones. Clusters containing 1, 2, and 3 beryllium atoms (Be2C8, Be3C6, Be2C6, BeC6, Be2C4, BeC4, Be2C2, and BeC2) are identified as clusters of "magic numbers" in terms of their high binding energy per atom, high HOMO-LUMO gap, vertical ionization potential, and second difference in energy per beryllium atom.

  19. HST Luminosity Functions of the Globular Clusters M10, M22, and M55. A comparison with other clusters

    CERN Document Server

    Piotto, G

    1999-01-01

    From a combination of deep Hubble Space Telescope V and I images with groundbased images in the same bands, we have obtained color-magnitude diagrams of M10, M22, and M55, extending from just above the hydrogen burning limit to the tip of the red giant branch, down to the white dwarf cooling sequence. We have used the color-magnitude arrays to extract main sequence luminosity functions (LFs) from the turnoff to about 0.13 solar masses. The LFs of M10 is significantly steeper than that for the other two clusters. The difference cannot be due to a difference in metallicity. A comparison with the LFs from Piotto, Cool, and King (1997), shows a large spread in the LF slopes. This spread is also present in the local mass functions (MFs) obtained from the observed LFs using different theoretical mass--luminosity relations. The dispersion in the MF slopes remains also after removing the mass segregation effects by using multimass King-Michie models. The globular cluster MF slopes are also flatter than the MF slope o...

  20. Relationship between the modified star excursion balance test and the 4x10 m shuttle run test in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Calatayud

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La agilidad y el equilibrio dinámico son habilidades cruciales en la actividad física prepuberal y la participación deportiva, por lo tanto es necesaria la identificación de pruebas eficientes para su evaluación. Evaluar la correlación entre la agilidad y el equilibrio dinámico en niños escolares de primaria. Veintisiete niños y veinte niñas de 10 años participaron voluntariamente en el estudio. El Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT modificado y el 4x10 m Shuttle Run Test se utilizaron respectivamente para evaluar el equilibrio dinámico y agilidad. Las puntuaciones compuestas del equilibrio dinámico con apoyo diestro mostraron solo entre los niños una moderada correlación significativa (r = -0.51, p < 0.05 con la prueba de agilidad. Sin embargo, entre las niñas se mostró una correlación significativa (r = -0.45, p < 0.05 durante la distancia de alcance posterolateral obtenida en el SEBT. La realización del test completo o de las distancias alcanzadas a nivel posteromedial y posterolateral del SEBT se asocia moderadamente con la agilidad entre los niños, mientras que la distancia posterolateral se asocia con la agilidad entre las niñas.

  1. High-cycle fatigue of 10M Ni-Mn-Ga magnetic shape memory alloy in reversed mechanical loading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaltio, I.; Soroka, A.; Ge, Y.; Söderberg, O.; Hannula, S.-P.

    2010-07-01

    Application of Ni-Mn-Ga magnetic shape memory alloys in magnetic-field-induced actuation relies on their performance in long-term high-cycle fatigue. In this paper the performance and changes in the microstructure of a Ni-Mn-Ga 10M martensite single crystal material are reported in a long-term mechanically induced shape change cycling. The longest test was run for 2 × 109 cycles at a frequency of 250 Hz and a strain amplitude of ± 1%. After the test a clear increase of the dynamic stiffness of the material was detected. Three specimens out of ten were cycled until fracture occurred and their fracture mechanism was studied. It was observed that the macroscopic crack growth took place roughly at a 45° angle with respect to the loading direction that was along the lang100rang crystallographic direction of the sample. The macroscopic fracture plane seemed to correspond roughly to the {111} crystal planes. On a microscopic scale the fracture propagated in a step-like manner at least partly along crystallographic planes. The steps at the fracture plane correspond to the {101} twin planes, with the height of steps along the lang101rang direction. The final fracture of the samples occurred in a brittle manner after the critical stress was exceeded.

  2. Search for the CO-dark Mass in the Central Molecular Zone by using the ASTE 10-m Telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Kunihiko

    2017-01-01

    Atomic carbon (C0) is one of the most abundant carbon-bearing species in the interstellar molecular gas, and its submillimeter lines are good tracers of low-density molecular clouds which are often dark in CO rotational lines. We present a new map of the central 150 pc region of the Milky Way in the 500 GHz [CI] line, which has been recently obtained with the ASTE 10-m telescope. The [CI] emission is brightest toward the central 5-pc region, where massive GMCs are absent. This [CI]-bright region is approximately centered toward Sgr A*, covering the entire circum-nuclear ring (CND) and the western part of the 50-km/s cloud. The C0/CO abundance ratio is 0.5-2 there, and the highest ratio is observed toward the CND but just outside of the 2-pc ring of dense gas. This discovery may suggest that the CO-dark component occupies a significant fraction of the molecular gas in the circumnuclear region.

  3. Upgrade of a 30 kV/10 mA anode power supply for triode type gyrotron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siravo, Ugo, E-mail: ugo.siravo@epfl.ch; Alberti, Stefano; Dubray, Jérémie; Fasel, Damien; Hogge, Jean-Philippe; Marlétaz, Blaise; Marmillod, Philippe; Perez, Albert; Silva, Miguel

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Triode type gyrotron is fed by 3 power supplies: the main, an anode PS(APS) and a heater. • This paper presents the upgrade of 3APS, supplied in 1999, that never fulfilled the specs. • The new working principle is very efficient, easy to implement, for a minimal cost. • Upgraded APS provides extended modulation capabilities, no overshoot and lowerripple. • This upgrade will allow exploring new operation regimes for the 3 TCV X3 gyrotrons. - The RF power of a gyrotron with a triode type magnetron-injection-gun (MIG) can be directly controlled via the voltage applied between its anode and its cathode. Hence, the performance of this type of gyrotron relies directly on the possibilities offered by the power supply controlling the anode to cathode voltage. For a system of gyrotrons connected to the same main high-voltage power supply, with a triode MIG one has the additional advantage of independently controlling each individual gyrotron. This paper presents the modifications brought to the three existing 30 kV/10 mA anode power supplies connected to the 500 kW/118 GHz/2s X3 gyrotrons operated on the TCV Tokamak. The new working principle based on phase-shift modulation (PSM) is described in detail. Experimental results obtained on dummy load are compared to simulations performed during the design phase. With respect to the initial working principle, the modulation frequency capability has been increased by a factor 10 reaching more than 5 kHz, whereas the output voltage ripple as well as the overshoot/undershoot have been significantly reduced.

  4. HST luminosity functions of the globular clusters M10, M22, and M55. A comparison with other clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotto, G.; Zoccali, M.

    1999-05-01

    From a combination of deep Hubble Space Telescope V and I images with groundbased images in the same bands, we have obtained color-magnitude diagrams of M10, M22, and M55, extending from just above the hydrogen burning limit to the tip of the red giant branch, down to the white dwarf cooling sequence. We have used the color-magnitude arrays to extract main sequence luminosity functions (LFs) from the turnoff to m ~ 0.13m_sun. The LFs of M10 is significantly steeper than that for the other two clusters. The difference cannot be due to a difference in metallicity. A comparison with the LFs from Piotto et al. (1997), shows a large spread in the LF slopes. This spread is also present in the local mass functions (MFs) obtained from the observed LFs using different theoretical mass-luminosity relations. The dispersion in the MF slopes remains also after removing the mass segregation effects by using multimass King-Michie models. The globular cluster MF slopes are also flatter than the MF slope of the field stars and of the Galactic clusters in the same mass interval. We interpret the MF slope dispersion and the MF flatness as an evidence of dynamical evolution which makes the present day globular cluster stellar MFs different from the initial MFs. The slopes of the present day MFs exclude that the low mass star can be dynamically relevant for the Galactic globular clusters. Based on HST observations retrieved from the ESO ST-ECF Archive, and on observations made at the European Southern Observatory, La Silla, Chile, and at the JKT telescope at La Palma, Islas Canarias.

  5. Water Bodies’ Mapping from Sentinel-2 Imagery with Modified Normalized Difference Water Index at 10-m Spatial Resolution Produced by Sharpening the SWIR Band

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yun Du

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Monitoring open water bodies accurately is an important and basic application in remote sensing. Various water body mapping approaches have been developed to extract water bodies from multispectral images. The method based on the spectral water index, especially the Modified Normalized Difference Water Index (MDNWI calculated from the green and Shortwave-Infrared (SWIR bands, is one of the most popular methods. The recently launched Sentinel-2 satellite can provide fine spatial resolution multispectral images. This new dataset is potentially of important significance for regional water bodies’ mapping, due to its free access and frequent revisit capabilities. It is noted that the green and SWIR bands of Sentinel-2 have different spatial resolutions of 10 m and 20 m, respectively. Straightforwardly, MNDWI can be produced from Sentinel-2 at the spatial resolution of 20 m, by upscaling the 10-m green band to 20 m correspondingly. This scheme, however, wastes the detailed information available at the 10-m resolution. In this paper, to take full advantage of the 10-m information provided by Sentinel-2 images, a novel 10-m spatial resolution MNDWI is produced from Sentinel-2 images by downscaling the 20-m resolution SWIR band to 10 m based on pan-sharpening. Four popular pan-sharpening algorithms, including Principle Component Analysis (PCA, Intensity Hue Saturation (IHS, High Pass Filter (HPF and À Trous Wavelet Transform (ATWT, were applied in this study. The performance of the proposed method was assessed experimentally using a Sentinel-2 image located at the Venice coastland. In the experiment, six water indexes, including 10-m NDWI, 20-m MNDWI and 10-m MNDWI, produced by four pan-sharpening algorithms, were compared. Three levels of results, including the sharpened images, the produced MNDWI images and the finally mapped water bodies, were analysed quantitatively. The results showed that MNDWI can enhance water bodies and suppressbuilt

  6. 不同固体滴灌专用肥在膜下滴灌棉花上的应用效果%Effects of Different Solid Drip-irrigation Special-purpose Fertilizer Applied to Cotton in Plastic Mulched / Drip Irrigated System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军; 关新元; 陈云; 李永生; 贾新峰; 王爱云; 张海军; 李炎明; 刘萍

    2011-01-01

    [目的]探讨膜下滴灌条件下不同固体滴灌专用肥的施用效果.[方法]在新疆生态条件下,选用高产棉花品系293和710为试材,采用田间小区对比试验,分析不同滴灌专用肥对棉花生物学性状、干物质累积与分配及产量的影响.[结果]不同滴灌专用肥均能明显提高棉花产量;同时,滴灌专用肥可明显增强棉花的生物学性状,增加棉株总干物质累积量及生殖器官干物质累积量.不同品种对滴灌专用肥的响应不同,293对有机肥、生物肥反应敏感,710对有机肥、无机肥反应较敏感.[结论]依据不同品种对滴灌专用肥的响应,通过协调关键栽培技术调控棉花生长,进而调节棉株干物质累积与分配,对实现新疆棉花超高产、高效具有重要意义.%[Objective] The effects of different solid drip-irrigation special-purpose fertilizer application were studied. [Method] A field experiment was conducted with different types and rates of fertilizer application and cultivars in Xinjiang. The effects of different solid drip-irrigation special-purpose fertilizer on biological characteristics, dry matter accumulation and partitioning and yield of cotton were studied. [ Result] Drip-irrigation special-purpose fertilizer could increase the yield of the cotton compared with the control. Moreover, it could enhance the biological characteristics and increase the dry matter of plant and reproductive organs, respectively. Additional, different cultivars had different effects in response of drip-irrigation special-purpose fertilizer. The cultivar of 293 was sensitive to organic fertilizer and bio-fertilizer, and the cultivar of 710 was sensitive to organic and inorganic fertilizer. [ Conclusion] According to the response of cotton cultivars to drip-irrigation special-purpose fertilizer, the accumulation and partitioning of dry matter should be regulated by using effective cultivation technique. It was meaningful for realizing the high

  7. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Sarigan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  8. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  9. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Sarigan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  10. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Alamagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  11. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Agrihan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  12. Mosaic of 10 m gridded multibeam bathymetry and bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite imagery of Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded multibeam bathymetry is integrated with bathymetry derived from multpectral IKONOS satellite data. Gridded (5m and 10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry...

  13. Mosaic of 10 m gridded multibeam bathymetry and bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite imagery of Asuncion Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded multibeam bathymetry is integrated with bathymetry derived from multpectral IKONOS satellite data. Gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry collected...

  14. Mosaic of 10 m gridded multibeam bathymetry and bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite imagery of Alamagan Island, Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands, USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Gridded multibeam bathymetry is integrated with bathymetry derived from multispectral IKONOS satellite data. Gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry collected...

  15. Slope 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Slope is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI. Cell values reflect the maximum rate of...

  16. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Alamagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  17. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Guguan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  18. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  19. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Supply Reef, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  20. Rugosity 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Rugosity is derived from gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA Ship Hiialaka'i and R/V AHI, using the Benthic Terrain Modeler with...

  1. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Guguan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  2. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Asuncion Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry collected aboard NOAA...

  3. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Agrihan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  4. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  5. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Pagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  6. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Asuncion Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry...

  7. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Zones 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Pagan Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Zones are derived from a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry, collected aboard NOAA...

  8. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Supply Reef, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  9. Bathymetric Position Index (BPI) Structures 10 m grid derived from gridded bathymetry of Maug Island, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), USA.

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — BPI Structures are derived from two scales of a focal mean analysis on bathymetry and slope. The grid is based on gridded (10 m cell size) multibeam bathymetry,...

  10. Effects of different doses of acitretin on FGF10 mRNA transcription and its protein translation in HaCaT cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Chun-shui; TAN Sheng-shun; SUI Wei-chi; XI Yan-ping

    2006-01-01

    Objective:To observe the effects of different doses of acitretin on the transcription of FGF10 mRNA and the translation of FGF10 protein in cultured HaCaT cells. Methods: HaCaT cells were treated with different doses of acitretin for 48 h, then the changes on the transcription of FGF10 mRNA and the translation of FGF10 protein in these cells were detected by immunofluorescence and in situ hybridization assay. Results: Compared with the control group, the transcription of FGF10 mRNA and the translation of FGF10 protein were gradually decreased along with the increasing dose of acitretin. There were significant differences between different groups (P<0.01). Conclusion: Acitretin could inhibit the transcription of FGF10 mRNA and the translation of FGF10 protein in HaCaT cells. With the dose of acitretin increased, the stains of both FGF10 mRNA and FGF10 protein in HaCaT cells are reduced.

  11. An Overall Analysis of Various Segments of Special Purpose Vehicles Markets%近10年我国商用车、专用汽车、自卸车、半挂车及主要细分市场态势及关联度简析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖献法

    2016-01-01

    This article conducted a thorough analysis of ten years’ sales data of commercial vehicles, tippers, semi-tractor and other main segments of special purpose vehicles, based on which a comparative analysis was made. In addition, it also made a brief analysis of future development trend. In fact, this analysis does not focus on the development trend of individual model, instead, it is trying to make conclusions through analysis among different models, and to ifnd out necessary connections in between and the similar and different factors as well.

  12. Discuss the administration pattern of special purpose cosmetics difference and strategy between China and foreign counties from medication regulatory administration angle of view%从药品监管职能视角探讨国内外特殊用途化妆品监管模式差异性及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐昊; 王子寿; 何韦静; 谢婷

    2015-01-01

    Objective Discuss the administration pattern of special purpose cosmetics between China and foreign countries from medication regulatory administration angle of view, and provide advice and strategies to complete the special purpose cosmetics administration in China. Methods According to literature and investigation, analysis andgeneralize the difference of special purpose cosmetics regulatory administration pattern between China and America, Japan, EU. Results There are unities in making law and regulation about cosmetics administration and regulation department defining responsibility both in China and foreign countries. There are differences in definition, classification, material controlling, publicity, label management and post marketing administration. Conclusions Draw on the experience of abroad cosmetics administration pattern and management experience, make further efforts to complete the Special purpose cosmetics regulation, strengthen managing material, publicity, label and post marketing administration scientifically with the actual situation of cosmetics development in China to promote Chinese cosmetics industry’s sustainable development.%目的:从药品监管职能视角探讨国内外特殊用途化妆品监管模式,提出我国完善特殊化妆品监管的建议和对策。方法:通过文献与调研,分析、归纳中国、美国、日本和欧盟的特殊化妆品监管模式的差异性。结果:国内外在化妆品监管的法律、法规制定和监管部门确定与职责方面具有同一性,定义及分类、原料管理、宣传、标识管理和上市后监管等方面存在差异性。结论:借鉴国外化妆品监管模式及管理经验,结合我国化妆品发展的国情与实际,进一步完善特殊用途化妆品的规章制度,强化原料,宣传、标识和上市后监管等方面的科学管理,以促进我国化妆品行业的可持续发展。

  13. Portraits of Non-Tree Families

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Balgooy, van M.M.J.

    2001-01-01

    This is the third and final volume of the series ‘Malesian Seed Plants’. It contains the ‘portraits’ of 124 non-tree families, i.e. families which are mainly herbaceous, climbing, shrubby, or trees with a stem diameter at breast height of less than 10 cm or a height of less than 10 m. Users of the p

  14. Personal characteristics of a law enforcement unit of special purpose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasilenko T.G.

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of the study of the personal characteristics of law enforcement officers due to a significant number of crimes of an aggressive nature, committed by employees of internal Affairs bodies, and the need to develop preventive measures. The purpose of this research is to study peculiarities of the manifestation of progressive and inhibiting aggression personality factors in the structure of law enforcement officers, whose activities directly associated with aggression in the performance of official duties. The study involved 149 employees of special forces of law enforcement are male aged 18 to 35 years. Used a wide battery of psychodiagnostic methods aimed at a comprehensive study of the individual respondents. the data Obtained were analyzed using the method of correlation pleiades. According to the results, was discovered a unique picture of the relationship among personality structures and interaction progressive and deterrent aggression factors with the prevalence of progressive on inhibitory factors in the studied structure.

  15. Special Purpose Vehicle Institutions: Their Business Natures and Accounting Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ainun Na'im

    2013-06-01

    The huge financial and accounting scandals such as Enron involved the use of SPVs for not reporting or undervaluing debt and overvaluing net worth. In Indonesia, there are some transactions that are under public scrutiny that use SPVs, such as the sales of the government stocks of BCA Bank, and PT Indosat. There are also many successful and beneficial uses of SPVs in Indonesia as well, such as those in energy development, oil refinery, and telecommunication projects.

  16. 7 CFR 932.155 - Special purpose shipments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... § 932.55(b), packaged olives to be used in marketing development projects may be handled without regard...; (5) Type of olives used, either black or green ripe; (6) Container sizes; (7) Varieties used,...

  17. Special-Purpose High-Torque Permanent-Magnet Motors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doane, George B., III

    1995-01-01

    Permanent-magnet brushless motors that must provide high commanded torques and satisfy unusual heat-removal requirement are developed. Intended for use as thrust-vector-control actuators in large rocket engines. Techniques and concepts used to design improved motors for special terrestrial applications. Conceptual motor design calls for use of rotor containing latest high-energy-product rare-earth permanent magnets so that motor produces required torque while drawing smallest possible currents from power supply. Torque generated by electromagnetic interaction between stator and permanent magnets in rotor when associated electronic circuits applied appropriately temporally and spatially phased currents to stator windings. Phase relationships needed to produce commanded torque computed in response to torque command and to electronically sensed angular position of rotor relative to stator.

  18. Full Spectrum Forces or Special Purpose Forces? A Strategic Decision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-05-26

    the military thinks about war, and in the 20th century, there were clear examples 6 Joel ...Leadership, Iraq 2003-4 and Mesopotamia 1914-18: A Comparative Analysis in Ends and Means Aug 2004. Colonel Paul F. Dicker , United States Army Reserves

  19. Speakeasy: Vietnamese Translation Manual. English for Special Purposes: Nursing Aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phan, Van-Tanh

    This Vietnamese translation manual for nursing aides is designed to improve speaking skills of U.S. immigrants. Each section contains previews in Vietnamese as well as exercises and dialog situations that include English translations. Sections on introductions, time, meals, parts of the body, clothing and common articles, telephone situations,…

  20. Special Purpose Computer Architecture for LU Factorization of Partitioned Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-01

    Seidel method . Chapter 6 is the conclusion of the K thesis and suggests future direction of research. The block diagram of a C03S processing element...relaxation-based Gauss- Seidel method . In this method, an initial guess is made for the values of the inter- connection nodes in the first pass in

  1. 7 CFR 920.54 - Special purpose shipments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE KIWIFRUIT GROWN IN CALIFORNIA... (including shipments to facilitate the conduct of marketing research and development projects); or, (3)...

  2. 7 CFR 906.42 - Shipments for special purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... LOWER RIO GRANDE VALLEY IN TEXAS Order Regulating Handling Regulation § 906.42 Shipments for special... combination thereof, in order to facilitate the handling of fruit: (a) For relief or for charity; (b)...

  3. 7 CFR 924.54 - Special purpose shipments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON AND IN UMATILLA COUNTY, OREGON Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 924.54... shipments to facilitate the conduct of marketing research and development projects established pursuant...

  4. 7 CFR 929.60 - Handling for special purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... LONG ISLAND IN THE STATE OF NEW YORK Order Regulating Handling Reports and Records § 929.60 Handling... facilitate handling of excess cranberries for the following purposes: (a) Charitable institutions;...

  5. Review of selected coil and collared-coil assembly data from 10-M-long, 50-MM-Twin-aperture LHC dipole magnet prototypes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Devred, A

    1999-02-01

    In 1991, the Laboratoire Europeen pour la Physique des Particules (CERN) has launched the fabrication in industry of seven 10 m long, 50 mm twin aperture dipole magnet prototypes for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The design and specific features of these magnets have been described elsewhere. In this paper, we review some of the coil and collared-coil assembly data and we analyze the influence of tooling imperfections on magnet assembly. (author)

  6. Mapping of Urban Surface Water Bodies from Sentinel-2 MSI Imagery at 10 m Resolution via NDWI-Based Image Sharpening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiucheng Yang

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This study conducts an exploratory evaluation of the performance of the newly available Sentinel-2A Multispectral Instrument (MSI imagery for mapping water bodies using the image sharpening approach. Sentinel-2 MSI provides spectral bands with different resolutions, including RGB and Near-Infra-Red (NIR bands in 10 m and Short-Wavelength InfraRed (SWIR bands in 20 m, which are closely related to surface water information. It is necessary to define a pan-like band for the Sentinel-2 image sharpening process because of the replacement of the panchromatic band by four high-resolution multi-spectral bands (10 m. This study, which aimed at urban surface water extraction, utilised the Normalised Difference Water Index (NDWI at 10 m resolution as a high-resolution image to sharpen the 20 m SWIR bands. Then, object-level Modified NDWI (MNDWI mapping and minimum valley bottom adjustment threshold were applied to extract water maps. The proposed method was compared with the conventional most related band- (between the visible spectrum/NIR and SWIR bands based and principal component analysis first component-based sharpening. Results show that the proposed NDWI-based MNDWI image exhibits higher separability and is more effective for both classification-level and boundary-level final water maps than traditional approaches.

  7. Investigation on High Performance of 10m Semi Anechoic Chamber by using Open-Top Hollow Pyramidal Hybrid EM Wave Absorber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurihara, Hiroshi; Saito, Toshifumi; Suzuki, Yoshikazu; Nishikata, Atsuhiro; Hashimoto, Osamu

    The emission radiated from electric and electronic equipments is evaluated through OATS. Recently, it is not fully prepared the environment for OATS because of a variety of communication radiation sources (e.g., digital television broadcast and cellular phone station). Therefore, the EM anechoic chambers are becoming more and more important as EMI test site. On the other hand, the EM anechoic chambers are needed high performance in order to cut down EMI countermeasure cost and calculate the antenna factor. The objective of this paper is mainly to present the EM wave absorber design in order to obtain within ±2dB against the theoretical site attenuation values in the 10m semi anechoic chamber at 30MHz to 300MHz. We get the necessary reflectivity of EM wave absorber by the basic site attenuation equation. We design the open-top hollow pyramidal new hybrid EM wave absorber consisted of 180cm long dielectric loss foam and ferrite tiles. Then, we design the 10m semi anechoic chamber by using the ray-tracing simulation and construct it in the size of L24m×W15.2m×H11.2m. More over, we measure the site attenuation of the constructed 10m semi anechoic chamber by using the broadband calculable dipole antennas. As the result, we confirm the validity of the designed open-top hollow pyramidal new hybrid EM wave absorber.

  8. Teaching Russian for special purposes in Italy. Some reflections about the book E. Cadorin, I. Kukushkina, Il russo tecnico-scientifico (Hoepli, Milano 2011, pp. 269 Riflessioni sull’insegnamento delle microlingue del russo. A proposito del volume di E. Cadorin, I. Kukushkina, Il russo tecnico-scientifico (Hoepli, Milano 2011, pp. 269

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Chiara Ferro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The essay deals with the problems involved in teaching Russian as a foreign language in Italian Universities, in order to bring university courses into line with market demands in a globalized world.Over the last twenty years educated youngsters looking for jobs in commerce, law or tourism, have been required to have a series of skills, both in the linguistic and technical fields, that they can rarely achieve during academic lessons.The book by E. Cadorin and I. Kukushkina offers a great deal of original material intended for specialised advanced Russian language courses in the fields of natural sciences, technology, commerce, and so on. Appreciation of the book has stimulated reflections on wider questions related to “when, how and where?” Russian for special purposes should be taught in our universities.The essay deals with the problems involved in teaching Russian as a foreign language in Italian Universities, in order to bring university courses into line with market demands in a globalized world. Over the last twenty years educated youngsters looking for jobs in commerce, law or tourism, have been required to have a series of skills, both in the linguistic and technical fields, that they can rarely achieve during academic lessons. The book by E. Cadorin and I. Kukushkina offers a great deal of original material intended for specialised advanced Russian language courses in the fields of natural sciences, technology, commerce, and so on. Appreciation of the book has stimulated reflections on wider questions related to “when, how and where?” Russian for special purposes should be taught in our universities.

  9. Graphs as a Visual Aid in English for Special Purposes. Lenguas para objetivos especificos (Languages for Special Purposes), No. 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, Merritt W.; Stark, Kathleen LaPiana

    Visual aids have been developed to strengthen non-English speaking students' ability to speak and write English effectively in their subject areas. Among these aids, graphs have been valuable for economics students because they readily illustrate the nature of the relationship between two sets of numbers. Frequently, the ability to analyze graphs…

  10. Effect of ultraviolet ray on expression of IL6 and IL10mRNA in peripheral blood monocytes of systemic lupus erythematosus cases%紫外线对SLE白介素-6和白介素-10mRNA表达的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐文英; 郭庆

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨紫外线对系统性红斑狼疮(SLE)患者外周血单个核细胞(PBMC)表达白介素-6(IL-6)、白介素-10(IL-10)mRNA的影响.方法 提取SLE患者及健康对照的PBMC,用不同剂量311nm窄谱中波紫外线(NB-UVB)照射,以实时荧光相对定量聚合酶链反应分析照射前后PBMC IL-6、IL-10mRNA的相对表达.结果 SLE患者中狼疮肾炎(LN)患者PBMC高表达IL-6、IL-10mRNA,与非狼疮肾炎(非LN)患者及正常人差异很大,分别是正常人的(105.44±112.94)倍和(1.82±3.41)倍、(28.41±21.14)倍和(1.17±1.43)倍,其中狼疮肾炎(LN)患者PBMC高表达IL-6、IL-10 mRNA,且与临床中24h尿蛋白定量高度相关(r=0.82,0.87,P<0.05),而非狼疮肾炎系统性红斑狼疮患者与正常人相比,差异无统计学意义(t'=0.43,0.87,P>0.05);在紫外线照射后LN患者PBMC IL-6、IL-10mRNA的表达有升高也有降低,升高组SLE疾病活动指数、抗SSA抗体阳性率以及光敏性发生率明显高于降低组.结论 紫外线可改变SLE患者PBMC表达IL-6、IL-10mRNA,紫外线可能通过此途径影响SLE病情.%Objective To observe the impact of ultraviolet ray on the expression of IL-6, IL-10mRNA of peripheral blood monocytes (PBMC)from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Cases. Methods PBMC were isolated from SLE patients and healthy controls .Then they were irradiated with 311 nm narrow band-ultraviolet ray (NB-UVB)in various dbsages.IL-6,IL-10mRNA expression was measured by real-time quantitative PCR. Results The expression of IL-6, IL-10mRNA in SLE patient was very different. IL-6,IL-10mRNA were highly expressed in PBMC from lupus nephritis (LN),and its expression was highly related with 24-hour urinary protein quantitative (r=0.82,0.87,P0.05). The expression of IL-6,IL-10mRNA in LN could increase or decrease after exposured to ultraviolet ray. But the anti-SSA antibody positive rate, systemic lupus erythematosus activity index (SLEDAI)and photosensitivity in exopression -elevated group

  11. DNA synthesis and microtubule assembly-related events in fertilized Paracentrotus lividus eggs: reversible inhibition by 10 mM procaine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raymond, M N; Foucault, G; Coffe, G; Pudles, J

    1986-04-01

    This report describes the effects of 10 mM procaine on microtubule assembly and on DNA synthesis, as followed by [3H]colchicine binding assays and [3H]thymidine incorporation respectively, in fertilized Paracentrotus lividus eggs. In the absence of microtubule assembly inhibitors, about 25% of the total egg tubulin is submitted to two cycles of polymerization prior to the first cell division, this polymerization process precedes DNA synthesis. If the zygotes are treated with 10 mM procaine in the course of the cell cycle, tubulin polymerization is inhibited or microtubules are disassembled. DNA synthesis is inhibited when procaine treatment is performed 10 min, before the initiation of the S-period. However, when the drug is applied in the course of this synthetic period, the process is normally accomplished, but the next S-period becomes inhibited. Moreover, procaine treatment increases the cytoplasmic pH of the fertilized eggs by about 0.6 to 0.8 pH units. This pH increase precedes microtubule disassembly and inhibition of DNA synthesis. Washing out the drug induces a decrease of the intracellular pH which returns to about the same value as that of the fertilized egg controls. This pH change is then followed by the reinitiation of microtubule assembly, DNA synthesis and cell division. Our results show that the inhibition of both tubulin polymerization and DNA synthesis in fertilized eggs treated with 10 mM procaine, appears to be related to the drug-induced increase in cytoplasmic pH.

  12. Synergism between rare earth cerium(IV) ion and vanillin on the corrosion of cold rolled steel in 1.0 M HCl solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li Xianghong [Department of Fundamental Courses, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224 (China)], E-mail: xianghong-li@163.com; Deng Shuduan [Department of Wood Science and Technology, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224 (China); Fu Hui [Department of Fundamental Courses, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224 (China); Mu Guannan [Department of Chemistry, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091 (China)

    2008-12-15

    The synergism between rare earth cerium(IV) ion and vanillin on the corrosion of cold rolled steel (CRS) in 1.0 M HCl solution was first investigated by weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometer (UV-vis), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscope (AFM). The results revealed that vanillin had a moderate inhibitive effect, and the adsorption of vanillin obeyed the Temkin adsorption isotherm. For rare earth Ce{sup 4+}, it had a negligible effect. However, incorporation of Ce{sup 4+} with vanillin significantly improved the inhibition performance, and produced strong synergistic inhibition effect. Depending on the results, the synergism mechanism was proposed.

  13. Observations of the Unidentified TeV Gamma-Ray Source TeV J2032+4130 with the Whipple Observatory 10 m Telescope

    CERN Document Server

    Konopelko, A; Blaylock, G; Buckley, J H; Butt, Y; Carter-Lewis, D A; Celik, O; Cogan, P; Chow, Y C K; Cui, W; Dowdall, C; Ergin, T; Falcone, A D; Fegan, D J; Fegan, S J; Finley, J P; Fortin, P; Gillanders, G H; Gutíerrez, K J; Hall, J; Hanna, D; Horan, D; Hughes, S B; Humensky, T B; Imran, A; Jung, I; Kaaret, Philip; Kenny, G E; Kertzman, M; Kieda, D B; Kildea, J; Knapp, J; Kosack, K; Krawczynski, H; Krennrich, F; Lang, M J; Le Bohec, S; Moriarty, P; Mukherjee, R; Nagai, T; Ong, R A; Perkins, J S; Pohl, M; Ragan, K; Reynolds, P T; Rose, H J; Sembroski, G H; Schroedter, M; Smith, A W; Steele, D; Syson, A; Swordy, S P; Toner, J A; Valcarcel, L; Vasilev, V V; Wagner, R G; Wakely, S P; Weekes, T C; White, R J; Williams, D A; Zitzer, B

    2006-01-01

    We report on observations of the sky region around the unidentified TeV gamma-ray source TeV J2032+4130 carried out with the Whipple Observatory 10 m atmospheric Cherenkov telescope for a total of 65.5 hrs between 2003 and 2005. The standard two-dimensional analysis developed by the Whipple collaboration for a stand-alone telescope reveals an excess in the field of view at a pre-trials significance level of 6.1 standard deviations. The measured position of this excess is alpha(2000) =20 h 32 m 27 s, delta(2000) = 41 deg 39 min 17 s. The estimated integral flux for this gamma-ray source is about 8% of the Crab-Nebula flux. The data are consistent with a point-like source. Here we present a detailed description of the standard two-dimensional analysis technique used for the analysis of data taken with the Whipple Observatory 10 m telescope and the results for the TeV J2032+4130 campaign. We include a short discussion of the physical mechanisms that may be responsible for the observed gamma-ray emission, based o...

  14. How does wearable robotic exoskeleton affect overground walking performance measured with the 10-m and six-minute walk tests after a basic locomotor training in healthy individuals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagnon, Dany H; Cunha, Jérémie Da; Boyer-Delestre, Mael; Bosquet, Laurent; Duclos, Cyril

    2017-08-26

    It is still unknown to what extent overground walking with a WRE is equivalent to natural overground walking without a WRE. Hence, the interpretability of the 10-m (10MWT) and six-minute (6MWT) walk tests during overground walking with a WRE against reference values collected during natural overground walking without a WRE is challenging. This study aimed to 1) compare walking performance across three different overground walking conditions: natural walking without a WRE, walking with a WRE providing minimal assistance (active walking), and walking with a WRE proving complete assistance (passive walking) and 2) assess the association and the agreement between the 10MWT and the 6MWT during passive and active walking with a WRE. Seventeen healthy individuals who underwent basic locomotor training with a WRE performed the 10MWT (preferred and maximal speeds) and the 6MWT under the three conditions. For the 10MWT, the speed progressively and significantly decreased from natural walking without a WRE (preferred: 1.40±0.18m/s; maximal: 2.16±0.19m/s), to active walking with a WRE (preferred: 0.48±0.10m/s; maximal: 0.61±0.14m/s), and to passive walking with a WRE (preferred: 0.38±0.09m/s; maximal: 0.42±0.10m/s). For the 6MWT, total distances decreased from walking without a WRE (609±53.9m), to active walking with a WRE (196.6±42.6m), and to passive walking with a WRE (144.3±33.3m). The 10MWT and 6MWT provide distinct information and can't be used interchangeably to document speed only during active walking with the WRE. Speed and distance drastically decrease during active and, even more so, passive walking with the WRE in comparison to walking without a WRE. Selection of walking tests should depend on the level of assistance provided by the WRE. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Synergistic of a coumarin derivative with potassium iodide on the corrosion inhibition of aluminum alloy in 1.0 M H2SO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamad, Abu Bakar; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Al-Amiery, Ahmed A.; Ying, Lim Chai; Musa, Ahmed Y.

    2014-05-01

    Synergistic effects of the addition of KI on the corrosion inhibitive performance of a coumarin derivative on an aluminum alloy in 1.0 M H2SO4 at different temperatures were studied using various electrochemical measurements. Density functional theory was used to calculate the quantum chemical parameters of the coumarin derivative. The experimental results showed that the coumarin derivative is considered as a mixedtype inhibitor. The corrosion potential values were almost unchanged upon the addition of PBBC to the acidic solution. The inhibition efficiency increases with increasing inhibitor concentration and increases further in the presence of 6.02 mM KI but decreases significantly at higher temperature. The adsorption of PBBC obeyed the Langmuir isotherm, and being chemically adsorbed at lower temperatures, while physical adsorption is favoured at higher temperature. The theoretical results indicated that the coumarin derivative was adsorbed onto the surface of Al2024 through the sulfur, oxygen and nitrogen atoms.

  16. Elucidation of the Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel in 1.0 M HCl by Catechin Monomers from Commercial Green Tea Extracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nofrizal, S.; Rahim, Afidah A.; Saad, Bahruddin; Bothi Raja, P.; Shah, Affaizza M.; Yahya, S.

    2012-04-01

    The inhibitive action of commercial green tea extracts on mild steel (MS) in a 1.0 M hydrochloric acid solution was investigated by weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) analysis showed conclusively that of the eight catechin monomers and caffeine found in the original extracts, only four components were responsible for the inhibition of MS. The decreasing adsorption capacity of monomers on MS is related to the stereochemistry of molecules and the number of phenolic groups, and it is as follows: epigallocatechin gallate > epicatechin gallate > epigallocatechin > epicatechin. Adsorption of green tea extract constituent was found to follow Langmuir adsorption isotherm and the calculated Gibb's free energy values indicated the physisorption of inhibitor over MS surface. Physisorption was supported well by the potential zero charge (PZC) and molecular surface energy-level calculations.

  17. Sampled grating tunable twin-guide laser diodes with wide tuning range (40 nm) and large output power (10 mW)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Todt, R.; Jacke, T.; Meyer, R.; Adler, J.; Laroy, R.; Morthier, G.; Amann, M.-C.

    2006-03-01

    The sampled grating tunable twin-guide (SG-TTG) laser diode is a DFB-like tunable laser that employs Vernier-effect tuning to achieve wide wavelength tuning. In contrast to most other monolithic widely tunable lasers (which are usually DBR-type lasers), a phase tuning section is not needed and, hence, the SG-TTG laser requires at least one tuning current less than comparable devices.The devices provide full wavelength coverage over a 40 nm-broad tuning range that is centered at 1.54 μm. Its tuning behavior is quasi-continuous with up to 8.2 nm broad continuous tuning regions. High side-mode suppression (SMSR 35 dB) as well as large output power (P 10 mW) are obtained over the whole wavelength range from 1520.5 to 1561.5 nm.

  18. Dissolved families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Mogens

    The situation in the family preceding a family separation is studied here, to identify risk factors for family dissolution. Information registers covering prospective statistics about health aspects, demographic variables, family violence, self-destructive behaviour, unemployment, and the spousal...

  19. Dissolved families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Mogens

    The situation in the family preceding a family separation is studied here, to identify risk factors for family dissolution. Information registers covering prospective statistics about health aspects, demographic variables, family violence, self-destructive behaviour, unemployment, and the spousal...

  20. Family Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... With Family and Friends > Family Life Request Permissions Family Life Approved by the Cancer.Net Editorial Board , ... your outlook on the future. Friends and adult family members The effects of cancer on your relationships ...

  1. Dynamics of soil exploration by fine roots down to a depth of 10 m throughout the entire rotation in Eucalyptus grandis plantations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laclau, Jean-Paul; da Silva, Eder A; Rodrigues Lambais, George; Bernoux, Martial; le Maire, Guerric; Stape, José L; Bouillet, Jean-Pierre; Gonçalves, José L de Moraes; Jourdan, Christophe; Nouvellon, Yann

    2013-01-01

    Although highly weathered soils cover considerable areas in tropical regions, little is known about exploration by roots in deep soil layers. Intensively managed Eucalyptus plantations are simple forest ecosystems that can provide an insight into the belowground growth strategy of fast-growing tropical trees. Fast exploration of deep soil layers by eucalypt fine roots may contribute to achieving a gross primary production that is among the highest in the world for forests. Soil exploration by fine roots down to a depth of 10 m was studied throughout the complete cycle in Eucalyptus grandis plantations managed in short rotation. Intersects of fine roots, less than 1 mm in diameter, and medium-sized roots, 1-3 mm in diameter, were counted on trench walls in a chronosequence of 1-, 2-, 3.5-, and 6-year-old plantations on a sandy soil, as well as in an adjacent 6-year-old stand growing in a clayey soil. Two soil profiles were studied down to a depth of 10 m in each stand (down to 6 m at ages 1 and 2 years) and 4 soil profiles down to 1.5-3.0 m deep. The root intersects were counted on 224 m(2) of trench walls in 15 pits. Monitoring the soil water content showed that, after clear-cutting, almost all the available water stored down to a depth of 7 m was taken up by tree roots within 1.1 year of planting. The soil space was explored intensively by fine roots down to a depth of 3 m from 1 year after planting, with an increase in anisotropy in the upper layers throughout the rotation. About 60% of fine root intersects were found at a depth of more than 1 m, irrespective of stand age. The root distribution was isotropic in deep soil layers and kriged maps showed fine root clumping. A considerable volume of soil was explored by fine roots in eucalypt plantations on deep tropical soils, which might prevent water and nutrient losses by deep drainage after canopy closure and contribute to maximizing resource uses.

  2. 大学生专业英语学习自我效能感的影响因素及培养策略研究%Study on Influencing Factors of Perceived Academic Self-efficacy of College Students' English for Special Purpose and Cultivating Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭磊

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, English for special purpose has been attaching more and more importance. So it is quite important for students to improve their ability in this aspect. Self-efficacy is one of the roost important factors that could influence language study. The success in learning ESP, whether proper target and task are set, and whether scientific evaluation is adopted all contribute to the students' self-efficacy. Methods to cultivate and inspire it include helping students to set correct target, trying to make them feel success and give positive feedback, and establishing harmonious relationship between teachers and students.%近年来,随着英语在各行各业应用的不断推广,专业英语的重要性也日益突显出来,对于大学生来说,进一步提高专业英语学习能力就显得尤其重要.自我效能感是影响语言学习的非常重要的情感因素.影响大学生专业英语学习效能感的因素包括学习的成功经验,学习目标与任务的设置是否合理,评价方式是否科学等等.鉴于此,培养和激发大学生专业英语学习自我效能感可以从帮助学生树立正确的学习目标入手,让学生不断体验成功并给予积极的反馈与评价,并建立和谐的师生关系.

  3. High flux coherent supercontinuum soft X-ray source driven by a single-stage 10 mJ, kHz, Ti:sapphire laser amplifier

    CERN Document Server

    Ding, Chengyuan; Fan, Tingting; Hickstein, Daniel D; Popmintchev, Tenio; Zhang, Xiaoshi; Walls, Mike; Murnane, Margaret M; Kapteyn, Henry C

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate the highest flux tabletop source of coherent soft X-rays to date, driven by a single-stage 10 mJ Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier at 1 kHz. We first down-convert the laser to 1.3 um using a parametric amplifier, before up-converting it to soft X-rays using high harmonic generation in a high-pressure, phase matched, hollow waveguide geometry. The resulting optimally phase matched broadband spectrum extends to 200 eV, with a soft X-ray photon flux of > 10^6 photons/pulse/1% bandwidth at 1 kHz, corresponding to > 10^9 photons/s/1% bandwidth, or approximately a three order-of-magnitude increase compared with past work. Finally, using this broad bandwidth X-ray source, we demonstrate X-ray absorption spectroscopy of multiple elements and transitions in molecules in a single spectrum, with a spectral resolution of 0.25 eV, and with the ability to resolve the near edge fine structure.

  4. A Turnover in the Galaxy Main Sequence of Star Formation at $M_{*} \\sim 10^{10} M_{\\odot}$ for Redshifts $z < 1.3$

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Nicholas; Casey, Caitlin M; Toft, Sune; Scoville, N Z; Hung, Chao-Ling; Floc'h, Emeric Le; Ilbert, Olivier; Zahid, H Jabran; Aussel, Herve; Capak, Peter; Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S; Kewley, Lisa J; Li, Yanxia; Schawinski, Kevin; Sheth, Kartik; Xiao, Quanbao

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between galaxy star formation rates (SFR) and stellar masses ($M_\\ast$) is re-examined using a mass-selected sample of $\\sim$62,000 star-forming galaxies at $z \\le 1.3$ in the COSMOS 2-deg$^2$ field. Using new far-infrared photometry from $Herschel$-PACS and SPIRE and $Spitzer$-MIPS 24 $\\mu$m, along with derived infrared luminosities from the NRK method based on galaxies' locations in the restframe color-color diagram $(NUV - r)$ vs. $(r - K)$, we are able to more accurately determine total SFRs for our complete sample. At all redshifts, the relationship between median $SFR$ and $M_\\ast$ follows a power-law at low stellar masses, and flattens to nearly constant SFR at high stellar masses. We describe a new parameterization that provides the best fit to the main sequence and characterizes the low mass power-law slope, turnover mass, and overall scaling. The turnover in the main sequence occurs at a characteristic mass of about $M_{0} \\sim 10^{10} M_{\\odot}$ at all redshifts. The low mass power...

  5. Lightweight Design and Analysis on a 10 m-length Pure Electric Bus%10 m纯电动客车轻量化设计与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈乐强; 杨彦三; 杨延功; 孙国伟; 刘涛

    2016-01-01

    For a 10 m-length pure electric bus, the authors make it lightweight design through measures of its local parts using low-density materials, its chassis frame using high-strength materials and its partial skeleton structures taking optimization. Then, they use CAE to analyze the strength for the lightweight designed vehicle framework. The lightweight designed structure can not only meet the strength requirement of the vehicle but also increase the contin-uous travel distance of the vehicle.%通过对某10 m纯电动客车局部采用低密度材料,车架采用高强度材料,部分骨架结构采用优化的方法进行轻量化设计,并采用CAE对轻量化设计后的整车骨架进行强度分析。轻量化设计后的结构,不但能够满足整车的强度要求,而且能够增加车辆的续驶里程。

  6. Extracellular vesicles shed by melanoma cells contain a modified form of H1.0 linker histone and H1.0 mRNA-binding proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiera, Gabriella; Di Liegro, Carlo Maria; Puleo, Veronica; Colletta, Oriana; Fricano, Anna; Cancemi, Patrizia; Di Cara, Gianluca; Di Liegro, Italia

    2016-01-01

    Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are now recognized as a fundamental way for cell-to-cell horizontal transfer of properties, in both physiological and pathological conditions. Most of EV-mediated cross-talk among cells depend on the exchange of proteins, and nucleic acids, among which mRNAs, and non-coding RNAs such as different species of miRNAs. Cancer cells, in particular, use EVs to discard molecules which could be dangerous to them (for example differentiation-inducing proteins such as histone H1.0, or antitumor drugs), to transfer molecules which, after entering the surrounding cells, are able to transform their phenotype, and even to secrete factors, which allow escaping from immune surveillance. Herein we report that melanoma cells not only secrete EVs which contain a modified form of H1.0 histone, but also transport the corresponding mRNA. Given the already known role in tumorigenesis of some RNA binding proteins (RBPs), we also searched for proteins of this class in EVs. This study revealed the presence in A375 melanoma cells of at least three RBPs, with apparent MW of about 65, 45 and 38 kDa, which are able to bind H1.0 mRNA. Moreover, we purified one of these proteins, which by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry was identified as the already known transcription factor MYEF2. PMID:27633859

  7. The 10 m-resolution TINITALY DEM as a trans-disciplinary basis for the analysis of the Italian territory: Current trends and new perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarquini, Simone; Nannipieri, Luca

    2017-03-01

    The increasing availability of high resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) is changing our viewpoint towards Earth surface landforms. Nevertheless, large-coverage, intermediate-resolution DEMs are still largely used, and can be the ideal choice in several applications based on the processing of spatially-integrated information. In 2012 the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia opened a website for the free download of the "TINTALY" Digital Elevation Model (DEM), which covers the whole Italian territory. Since then, about 700 users from 28 different countries have been accredited for data download, and a report of 4 years of data dissemination and use is presented. The analysis of the intended use reveals that the 10 m-resolution, seamless TINITALY DEM is of use for an extremely assorted research community. Accredited users are working in virtually any branch of the Earth Sciences (e.g. Volcanology, Seismology, and Geomorphology), in spatially integrated humanities (e.g. History and Archaeology), and in other thematic areas such as in applied Physics and Zoology. Many users are also working in local administrations (e.g. Regions and Municipalities) for civil protection or land use planning purposes. In summary, the documented activity shows that the dissemination of seamless, large coverage elevation datasets can fertilize the technological progress of the whole society providing a significant benefit to stakeholders.

  8. Assessing topsoil and bedrock hydrodynamic properties from natural and artificial rainfalls over a 10m2 steep plot in Cevennes area (France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamovic, Marko; Bouvier, Christophe; Brunet, Pascal; Ayral, Pierre-Alain

    2016-04-01

    Flash floods are feature of Mediterranean climate characterized by heavy rainfalls in a few hours. Hydrological processes depend on both the topsoil and bedrock properties, which are still poorly known in the mountainous areas. Thus, special attention was paid to characterize the water fluxes in the shallow near-surface area. This study focuses on a 10-m2plot within a granitic hillslope in Cevennes area. Water content was monitored at several depths (up to 70cm) during both intense artificial and natural rainfall events, in order to study both infiltration and saturation processes in both extreme and normal conditions. Inverse modeling was performed in order to estimate parameters, such as θs, θr, α, n, Ks associated to the Mualem-Van Genuchten formulation, using the HYDRUS-1D software. The deep boundary condition was also calibrated to assess the properties of the deep layers. Although the topsoil depth is rather small (˜40 cm), the water storage during the rainfalls was estimated to be some hundreds millimeters, which largely exceeds the topsoil capacity. It suggests that the weathered area (and maybe the fractured rock area) below the soil, can have an active role in the water storage and sub-surface flow dynamics. Similar parameters were used to perform correct simulations under both artificial and natural rainfalls: thus artificial rainfalls enhance extreme conditions corresponding to flash floods occurrence, and the identified flux patterns are robust in natural conditions.

  9. Stability Control of Underground Roadways Subjected to Stresses Caused by Extraction of a 10-m-Thick Coal Seam: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yong; Ma, Shuqi; Yu, Yang

    2017-09-01

    Extraction of a 10-m-thick coal seam in one single lift using the longwall top coal caving method caused severe deformations in underground roadways in Majialiang coal mine in Shanxi Province, China. Field monitoring of stress changes in the roof and in the coal pillar, and deformation of the 14202 tailgate, were carried out. The deformation monitoring found that the maximum floor heave of the 14202 tailgate was 1.85 m when the monitoring point was 250 m behind the longwall working face, while the maximum roof subsidence and the maximum rib-rib convergence was 0.93 and 1.14 m, respectively. The deformation rate of the 14202 tailgate increased dramatically when the monitoring point was at distances of 100-150 m behind the longwall working face, which reflected the fact that the tailgate underwent sharply increased loads within this range. Field monitoring of stress changes and the displacement of the 14202 tailgate revealed that the impact range of the mining-induced stresses in longitudinal direction (the same as the mining direction) was from 60 m ahead of the longwall face to 250 m behind the longwall face. Additionally, the mining impact range in transverse direction was more than 45 m, indicating that the coal pillar width should be larger than 45 m to avoid significant influences of mining-induced stresses. This finding was applied to the 14103 tailgate, which was subjected to similar mining and geological conditions as the 14202 tailgate. A coal pillar with width of 56 m was adopted in the 14103 tailgate, and displacement monitoring showed that large deformation was successfully controlled. The field investigations in this study provide a basis for design of a proper coal pillar width of underground roadways when subjected to large stresses induced by mining of thick coal seams in a single lift.

  10. Family Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... may be credentialed by the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT). Family therapy is often short term. ... challenging situations in a more effective way. References Marriage and family therapists: The friendly mental health professionals. American Association ...

  11. Familial hypertriglyceridemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000397.htm Familial hypertriglyceridemia To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Familial hypertriglyceridemia is a common disorder passed down through families. ...

  12. Family Meals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Teaching Kids to Be Smart About Social Media Family Meals KidsHealth > For Parents > Family Meals Print A ... even more important as kids get older. Making Family Meals Happen It can be a big challenge ...

  13. Family Arguments

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Family Life Medical Home Family Dynamics Adoption & Foster Care ... Life Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Family Arguments Page Content Article Body We seem to ...

  14. Family History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Your family history includes health information about you and your close relatives. Families have many factors in common, including their genes, ... as heart disease, stroke, and cancer. Having a family member with a disease raises your risk, but ...

  15. Study on Breeding of Special Purpose for Oatmeal Pro-cessing Variety Jizhangyan 3-and Its Cultivation Technique%麦片加工专用皮燕麦品种冀张燕3号的选育及配套栽培技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周海涛; 杨晓虹; 李天亮; 张新军; 武永祯; 杨才

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] The study aimed to-introduce the breeding of special purpose for oatmeal processing variety Jizhangyan 3 and its euhivation technique. [Method] Jizhangyan 3 was selected from forty-two oat varieties which were introduced from foreign countries by Zhang, jiakou academy of agricultural sciences. The yield performance and the variety characteristic of Jizhangyan 3 were described and its main eultural techniques were introduced. [Result] The growing period of Jizhangyan 3 was 97.60 days, the thousand kernel weight was 36.63 g, and the rate of producing rice was 76.73%. The content of crude protein and crude lipid was 13.31% and 5.29%, respectively. The highest yield was up to 5 266.95 kg/hm2, and the yield in dry-rice land was 3 753.30 kg/hm2, 33.51% higher than Hongqi 2. [Conclusionl Jizhangyan 3 was suitable to be planted in Bashang of Hebei province and the same ecological areas such as Inner Mongolia and Shanxi province.%【目的】介绍麦片加工专用燕麦品种冀张燕3号的选育及配套栽培技术。【方法】冀张燕3号是张家口市农业科学院从国外引进的42个皮燕麦品种中筛选出的优质麦片加工专用型皮燕麦品种。介绍了该品种的产量表现、品种特征特性和栽培技术要点。[结果】该品种生育期97.60d,千粒重36.63g,出米率为76.73%,粗蛋白含量13.31%,粗脂肪含量5.29%,最高产量可达5266.95kg/hm2,一般旱地种植籽实产量为3753.30kg/hm2,比同类主栽品种红旗2号增产33.51%。【结论】该品种适宜在河北坝上以及周边相同生态类型区的内蒙、山西种植、

  16. Family Privilege

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seita, John R.

    2014-01-01

    Family privilege is defined as "strengths and supports gained through primary caring relationships." A generation ago, the typical family included two parents and a bevy of kids living under one roof. Now, every variation of blended caregiving qualifies as family. But over the long arc of human history, a real family was a…

  17. Family Privilege

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seita, John R.

    2014-01-01

    Family privilege is defined as "strengths and supports gained through primary caring relationships." A generation ago, the typical family included two parents and a bevy of kids living under one roof. Now, every variation of blended caregiving qualifies as family. But over the long arc of human history, a real family was a…

  18. Familial gigantism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.W. de Herder (Wouter)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractFamilial GH-secreting tumors are seen in association with three separate hereditary clinical syndromes: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, Carney complex, and familial isolated pituitary adenomas.

  19. Familial gigantism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wouter W. de Herder

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Familial GH-secreting tumors are seen in association with three separate hereditary clinical syndromes: multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, Carney complex, and familial isolated pituitary adenomas.

  20. Familial dermographism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jedele, K B; Michels, V V

    1991-05-01

    Urticaria in response to various physical stimuli has been reported in sporadic and familial patterns. The most common of these physical urticarias, dermographism, is a localized urticarial response to stroking or scratching of the skin and has not been reported previously to be familial. A four-generation family with dermographism, probably inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, is presented along with a discussion of sporadic dermographism and other types of familial physical urticarias.

  1. Comparison of 1.0 M gadobutrol and 0.5 M gadopentate dimeglumine-enhanced MRI in 471 patients with known or suspected renal lesions: Results of a multicenter, single-blind, interindividual, randomized clinical phase III trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Tombach (Bernd); K. Bohndorf (Klaus); W. Brodtrager (Wolfgang); C.D. Claussen (Claus); C. Düber (Christoph); M. Galanski (Michael); E. Grabbe (Eckhardt); G. Gortenuti (Giacomo); M. Kuhn (Michael); W. Gross-Fengels (Walter); R. Hammerstingl (Renate); B. Happel (Brigitte); G. Heinz-Peer (Gertraud); G. Jung (Gregor); T. Kittner (Thomas); R. Lagalla; P. Lengsfeld (Philipp); R. Loose (Reinhard); R.H.G. Oyen (Raymond); P. Pavlica (Pietro); C. Pering (Christiane); R. Pozzi Mucelli (Roberto Silvio); T. Persigehl (Thorsten); P. Reimer (Peter); N.S. Renken (Nomdo); G.M. Richter (Götz); E.J. Rummeny (Ernst); F. Schäfer (Fritz); M. Szczerbo-Trojanowska (Malgorzata); A. Urbanik (Andrzej); T.J. Vogl (Thomas); P. Hajek (Paul)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThe purpose of this phase III clinical trial was to compare two different extracellular contrast agents, 1.0 M gadobutrol and 0.5 M gadopentate dimeglumine, for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with known or suspected focal renal lesions. Using a multicenter, single-blind, in

  2. Family Polymorphism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ernst, Erik

    2001-01-01

    safety and flexibility at the level of multi-object systems. We are granted the flexibility of using different families of kinds of objects, and we are guaranteed the safety of the combination. This paper highlights the inability of traditional polymorphism to handle multiple objects, and presents family...... polymorphism as a way to overcome this problem. Family polymorphism has been implemented in the programming language gbeta, a generalized version of Beta, and the source code of this implementation is available under GPL....

  3. My Family

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Everyone has a family.We live in it and feel very warm.There are three persons in my family,my mother,father and I.We live together very happily and there are many interesting stories about my family. My father is a hard-working man.He works as a doctor.He always tries his best to help every,patient and make patients comfortable.But sonetimes he works so hard

  4. Family Polymorphism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ernst, Erik

    2001-01-01

    safety and flexibility at the level of multi-object systems. We are granted the flexibility of using different families of kinds of objects, and we are guaranteed the safety of the combination. This paper highlights the inability of traditional polymorphism to handle multiple objects, and presents family...... polymorphism as a way to overcome this problem. Family polymorphism has been implemented in the programming language gbeta, a generalized version of Beta, and the source code of this implementation is available under GPL....

  5. Family literacy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sehested, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    I Projekt familielæsning, der er et samarbejde mellem Nationalt Videncenter for Læsning og Hillerød Bibliotek, arbejder vi med at få kontakt til de familier, som biblioteket ellers aldrig ser som brugere og dermed også de børn, der vokser op i familier, for hvem bøger og oplæsningssituationer ikke...... er en selvfølgelig del af barndommen. Det, vi vil undersøge og ønsker at være med til at udvikle hos disse familier, er det, man kan kalde family literacy....

  6. Small Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... easier for both parents to combine careers with family life. The general stress level is lower because there often are fewer ... can help replace the missing ties. For many families, religious congregational ... such as youth and neighborhood activity centers also can fulfill these ...

  7. FAMILY PLATYSTOMATIDAE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendt, Lisiane Dilli

    2016-06-14

    Platystomatidae (Signal Flies) are one of the largest families of Tephritoidea, with about 1200 species and four subfamilies, worldwide distributed. However, Platystomatidae are not well represented in the New World, and in the Neotropical Region only four genera and 26 species, belonging to Platystomatinae, are recorded. The family is a group understudied in Colombia and only one species is recorded to the country.

  8. ElevationDEM_DEM10m

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — This dataset is derived from the multi-resolution National Elevation Dataset (NED), at resolutions of both 1/3 arc-second (approx. 10 meters) and in limited areas,...

  9. Thermal Conductivity Investigation of {Ca}_{9} {RE}({VO}_{4})_{7} (RE = La, Nd, Gd) and {Ca}_{10}M(VO_{4})_{7} (M = Li, Na, K) Single Crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popov, P. A.; Skrobov, S. A.; Matovnikov, A. V.; Kosmyna, M. B.; Puzikov, V. M.; Nazarenko, B. P.; Shekhovtsov, A. N.; Behrooz, A.; Paszkowicz, W.; Khodasevich, I. A.; Shereshovets, N. N.; Voitikov, S. V.; Orlovich, V. A.

    2017-01-01

    The {Ca}9{RE}({VO}4)7 (RE = La, Nd, Gd) and {Ca}_{10}{M}({VO}4)7 (M = Li, Na, K) single crystals have been grown by the Czochralski method. The binary vanadates are isostructural to "whitlockite" mineral (rhombohedral symmetry, R3 c space group). Their thermal conductivity has been investigated in the range 50 K-300 K parallel to the c axis. For {Ca}9{Gd}({VO}4)7 crystals, the thermal conductivity has been investigated in the range 300 K-550 K also. Additionally, for the {Ca}_{10}{M}({VO}4)7 (M = Li, Na, K) crystals the heat capacity has been studied in the temperature range 80 K-300 K. The character of the temperature dependence of thermal conductivity is close to that of glasses. The possible reasons of the observed features of the thermal conductivity have been analyzed. Raman spectra of {Ca}_{10}{M}({VO}4)7 (M = Li, Na, K) crystals have been measured and discussed. The spectral lines were broad and similar to polycrystalline or amorphous solids. These crystals are expected to be suitable for application as efficient nonlinear optic and laser materials.

  10. Family Disruptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... stay angry, or avoid fights altogether? Your children model themselves on you. Departures and Returns Do you or your spouse frequently travel on business? These can be disruptive times for your child and for the family ...

  11. Familial hypercholesterolemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... hypercholesterolemia or early heart attacks High level of LDL cholesterol in either or both parents People from families ... called fibroblasts to see how the body absorbs LDL cholesterol Genetic test for the defect associated with this ...

  12. Family matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kieffer-Kristensen, Rikke; Siersma, Volkert Dirk; Teasdale, Thomas William

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To relate illness and family factors to emotional and behavioural problems in school-age children (7–14 years old) of parents with acquired brain injury and their healthy spouses. PARTICIPANTS, MATERIALS/METHODS: Members of 35 families in which a parent had been diagnosed with acquired...... brain injury participated. Family and brain injury characteristics were reported by the ill and healthy parents. Children self-reported post-traumatic stress symptoms (PSS) using the Child Impact of Events revised (CRIES). Emotional and behavioural problems among the children were also identified...... by the parents using the Achenbach’s Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL). RESULTS: The family stress variables relating to the healthy spouse in all six comparisons were significant (p

  13. Families in the Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Contents Facts For Families Guide - View by Topic Chinese Facts for Families Guide Facts For Families Guide - Search Spanish Facts for Families Guide Facts for Families - Vietnamese Military Families No. 88; updated March 2017 Global conflict ...

  14. Calculation of the temperature in the container unit with a modified design for the production of {sup 99}Mo at the VVR-Ts research reactor facility (IVV.10M)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kazantsev, A. A., E-mail: kazantsevanatoly@gmail.com [Experimental Scientific Research and Methodology Center Simulation Systems (Russian Federation); Sergeev, V. V. [Leipunsky Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation); Kochnov, O. Yu. [Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry (Obninsk Branch) (Russian Federation)

    2015-12-15

    The temperature regime is calculated for two different designs of containers with uranium-bearing material for the upgraded VVR-Ts research reactor facility (IVV.10M). The containers are to be used in the production of {sup 99}Mo. It is demonstrated that the modification of the container design leads to a considerable temperature reduction and an increase in the near-wall boiling margin and allows one to raise the amount of material loaded into the container. The calculations were conducted using the international thermohydraulic contour code TRAC intended to analyze the technical safety of water-cooled nuclear power units.

  15. Family Literacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Livija Knaflič

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Research in child and adult literacy demonstrates that the achievement and the level of literacy that children attain at school is connected with the social and cultural characteristics and the level of literacy of the child's family. This intergenerational transfer of the level of literacy has motivated the search for different ways of improving the level of literacy.The concept of family literacy is based on the assumption that a higher level of parent literacy means that the children may achieve the same, and it also offers better schooling prospects. Family literacy programmes help fami­lies to develop different activities, in­cluding reading and writing skills, both in their community and in everyday life.

  16. Family Structure and Family Processes in Mexican American Families

    OpenAIRE

    Zeiders, Katharine H.; Roosa, Mark W.; Tein, Jenn-Yun

    2011-01-01

    Despite increases in single-parent families among Mexican Americans (MA), few studies have examined the association of family structure and family adjustment. Utilizing a diverse sample of 738 Mexican American families (21.7% single parent), the current study examined differences across family structure on early adolescent outcomes, family functioning, and parent-child relationship variables. Results revealed that early adolescents in single parent families reported greater school misconduct,...

  17. Family Circle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Foster care is conducive to giving orphaned children a better life For most children living in orphanages, having a real home is just a pipe dream. Although they may be well looked after, receive a good education and proper nutrition, the love and care that come from being part of a real family just aren't there.

  18. My Family

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘才来

    2002-01-01

    There are four people in my family. They are grandma, father,mother and I. Now we all live in Wuhan. They are from different places. My grandma comes from Sichuan. She likes hot(辣4的) meat very much. She doesn't like bread or noodles at all. She likes vegetables a little. My father is from Guang Zhou.

  19. My Family

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李梅

    2012-01-01

    There are four people in my family--my parents, my brother and I. My name is Li Mei. I'm fifteen years old. I am of medium height and build. I like English very much. It's very interesting. I can play the piano very well. It makes me feel very happy.

  20. Finding Family

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU YUNYUN

    2010-01-01

    @@ It took 14 years--and just two min-utes-for an adopted Chinese girl to find her biological family. July 21 this year marked the first anniversary of Haley Butler's finding of her biological parents in Maanshan in east China's Anhui Province.

  1. FAMILY RICHARDIIDAE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wendt, Lisiane Dilli; Ale-Rocha, Rosaly

    2016-06-14

    Richardiidae are a family of "acalyptrate" Diptera represented by ca. 180 species distributed in the New World, mostly in the Neotropical region. The species that occur in Colombia have received little attention from taxonomists, and the great majority of them are known only from their type localities. Currently, 14 genera and 23 species are known to occur in the country.

  2. Family Genericity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ernst, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Type abstraction in object-oriented languages embody two techniques, each with its own strenghts and weaknesses. The first technique is extension, yielding abstraction mechanisms with good support for gradual specification. The prime example is inheritance. The second technique is functional abst...... the result as family genericity. The presented language design has been implemented....

  3. Finding Family

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Discovering her birth parents was an exciting adventure for a 15-year-old girl It took 14 years-and just two minutes-for an adopted Chinese girl to find her biological family.July 21 this year marked the first

  4. Familial hypercholesterolaemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Versmissen, Jorie; Vongpromek, Ranitha; Yahya, Reyhana

    2016-01-01

    cholesterol efflux capacity between male familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) patients with and without CHD relative to their non-FH brothers, and examined HDL constituents including sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and its carrier apolipoprotein M (apoM). RESULTS: Seven FH patients were asymptomatic and six had...

  5. Family Genericity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ernst, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Type abstraction in object-oriented languages embody two techniques, each with its own strenghts and weaknesses. The first technique is extension, yielding abstraction mechanisms with good support for gradual specification. The prime example is inheritance. The second technique is functional abst...... the result as family genericity. The presented language design has been implemented....

  6. Learning about Familial Hypercholesterolemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... terms used on this page Learning About Familial Hypercholesterolemia What is familial hypercholesterolemia? What are the symptoms ... Additional Resources About Familial Hypercholesterolemia What is familial hypercholesterolemia? Familial hypercholesterolemia is an inherited condition that causes ...

  7. Natural Family Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Sex and Birth Control Birth Control Natural Family Planning Natural Family Planning Birth ControlPrevention and WellnessSex and Birth Control Share Natural Family Planning Natural Family PlanningWhat is natural family planning?Natural ...

  8. [Family violence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manoudi, F; Chagh, R; Es-soussi, M; Asri, F; Tazi, I

    2013-09-01

    Family violence is a serious public health problem, the scale of which is seriously increasing in Morocco. Although it has existed for a long time, we ignore the real characteristics of this plague in our country; our work consisted in an epidemiological approach of family violence in Marrakech during 2006. After elaborating a questionnaire, which allows the study of the demographic and social profile of the families, the study of violence exercised in the family and the evaluation of the depression in the women, we led an inquiry amongst 265 women. Analysis of the results obtained has allowed us to underline the following characteristics: 16.6% of the women in our sample had been physically beaten; the young age is a risk factor; the age range most affected by violence is in women between the ages of 30 and 40 and which represent 39% of the battered women; domestic violence touches all the social, economic and cultural classes: in our study, 63% of the women having undergone violence were housewives, 25% were managers and 3% senior executives; family problems were the most important cause of violence in our study, representing 32.32%. Requests for money was the cause in 11.3% of the cases, and imposed sexual relations were found in 6.8% of the cases; alcoholism is an aggravating factor of family violence; 27.3% of the spouses who assaulted their wives were drunk; 52% of the assaulted women were victims of violence in childhood and 36% had been witness to their father's violence; in 63.6% of the cases of violence, the children were witnesses, and in 25% of the cases the children were victims of violence at the same time as their mothers; 50% of the women victims of violence did not react, while 38.6% left home, and 9.1 filed for divorce. Thirty-two percent of the assaulted woman had been traumatised by the aggression; the association of depression and violence was very high, 343% of the battered women in our study suffered from severe depression. This work

  9. My family

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈君怡

    2011-01-01

    I have a happy fam_ly.Lookthis is my family photo.This is mydad.He often wears a pair Ofglasses(戴着一副眼镜I_This ismy mum.She is very pretty.Sheloves me very much.The little girlin a red blouse is me.I’m smiling(微笑).I love my family.

  10. [Familial hypercholesterolemia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turpin, G; Bruckert, E

    1999-12-01

    Familial hypercholesterolemia is characterized by a high plasma LDL-cholesterol level. The low-density particles are the end-product of the triglyceride-rich particles, i.e. VLDL, synthetized by the liver. These triglyceride-rich particles are subsequently transformed into intermediate density lipoprotein by the lipoprotein lipase and LDL after further triglyceride hydrolysis by the hepatic lipase. The LDL particles are taken up in all cells by the mean of the LDL receptor. A large body of evidence (including experimental, clinical, epidemiological data as well as the results of large trial with lipid lowering drugs) has accumulated to establish that these particles are one of the major causative factor of atherosclerosis and its complications. Two different mechanisms may be at work in the familial hypercholesterolemia: a mutation in the LDL receptor or a single mutation in the apolipoprotein B100. Specific therapeutic intervention should be undertaken to decrease the risk to develop cardiovascular disease, mainly coronary heart disease. The therapeutic intervention includes both a diet low in saturated fatty acids and cholesterol and statins which are now the first line therapy. Fibrates are proposed to those who do not tolerate statins and LDL-apheresis is associated to statin in the rare homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia.

  11. Analysis of electrochemical noise (ECN) data in time and frequency domain for comparison corrosion inhibition of some azole compounds on Cu in 1.0 M H2SO4 solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramezanzadeh, B.; Arman, S. Y.; Mehdipour, M.; Markhali, B. P.

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the corrosion inhibition properties of two similar heterocyclic compounds namely benzotriazole (BTA) and benzothiazole (BNS) inhibitors on copper in 1.0 M H2SO4 solution were studied by electrochemical techniques as well as surface analysis. The results showed that corrosion inhibition of copper largely depends on the molecular structure and concentration of the inhibitors. The effect of DC trend on the interpretation of electrochemical noise (ECN) results in time domain was evaluated by moving average removal (MAR) method. Accordingly, the impact of square and Hanning window functions as drift removal methods in frequency domain was studied. After DC trend removal, a good trend was observed between electrochemical noise (ECN) data and the results obtained from EIS and potentiodynamic polarization. Furthermore, the shot noise theory in frequency domain was applied to approach the charge of each electrochemical event (q) from the potential and current noise signals.

  12. 10-m resolution grid of multibeam bathymetry in Massachusetts Bay (MB_BATHY10M)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The U.S. Geological Survey has conducted geologic mapping to characterize the sea floor offshore of Massachusetts. The mapping was carried out using a Simrad Subsea...

  13. Special Purpose Vehicle selskab – en »mikro fusion«, eller blot en samarbejdsmetode?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fomcenco, Alex

    2013-01-01

    Formålet med denne artikel er at undersøge, om det er korrekt at benævne det som en fusion - selvom på en mikroskala - når to selskaber optræder som initiativtagere til og stiftere af et SPV-selskab. Er bagvedliggende grunde ved oprettelsen af et SPV-selskab meget anderledes end dem i en fusion? ...

  14. A Programmer’s Assistant for a Special-Purpose Dataflow Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-01

    Member slot: INSTANTIATE Valueclasi; IMEIHOD) Values: (LAMBDA (SELF) d )(CREATE.UNIT ( GENSYM ’E) NIL NIL SELF) Member slot: NAME-ELEMENT Valueclass...of Science in Computer Science in 1974. He enlisted in the Air Force in 1977, and received a commission upon graduation from Officers Training School...in 1978. Next he was stationed at Keesler AFB, Mississippi. As an technical instructor on a mobile training team, he taught assembly language

  15. Percola: a special purpose programmable 64-BIT floating-point processor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Normand, J.M.

    1988-01-01

    The computer PERCOLA is designed for lengthy numerical simulations on a percolation problem in Statistical Mechanics of disordered media. The project that the computer is engaged on at present is intended to improve the true values of critical indices characteristic of the behaviour of electrical conductivity at percolation threshold in a system of random resistors. The architecture is based on an efficient highly iterative algorithm to compute the electrical conductivity of random resistor networks. This computer runs programs of percolation problems considered 10 percent faster than the Cray X-MP with the same 64-bit floating-point precision. Operating since May 1987, months of calculation have already been performed. Although best suited to a class of algorithms, the processor includes a powerful 32-bit integer random number generator and has many characteristics of general purpose 64-bit floating-point microprogrammable computers that can run programs for various type of problems with a peak performance of more than 25 Mflops. This high computing speed is not the result of one all-powerful feature, but a balance among several factors including supercomputer derived features such as mainly: concurrent functional units separately controlled from independent microcode fields, distinct buses for data, addresses and instructions, flexible and powerful address generators for matrix processing and an advanced pipeline design implementing high performance VLSI Weitek's and Analog Devices components.

  16. Reading Right: A Text for Reading, Volume 2. English for Special Purposes Series: Nursing Aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Katherine E.

    This is the second of four volumes devoted to reading instruction, in a series of materials for teaching English as a second language to adult nursing aide students. The three units included deal with fundamentals in nursing: nutrition, characteristics of the hospital staff, and anatomy. Each unit consists of readings interspersed with Cloze…

  17. Hearsay: A Text for Listening. English for Special Purposes Series: Nursing Aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Marybeth; Hubbard, Katherine E.

    This is the student handbook for the listening comprehension portion of a course in English as a second language for adult nursing aide students. Eleven units cover basic nursing skills. Each unit consists of combinations of stories, lectures, and dictations read by the teacher often with visual aids. There are "practice listening" sessions and…

  18. Teacher's Manual for Hearsay. English for Special Purposes Series: Nursing Aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Marybeth; Hubbard, Katherine E.

    This is the teacher's manual for the listening comprehension portion of a course in English as a second language for adult nursing aide students. Eleven units cover basic nursing skills. Each unit consists of combinations of stories, lectures, and dictations read by the teacher, often with visual aids. There are "practice listening" sessions and…

  19. Reading Right: A Text for Reading, Volume 3. English for Special Purposes Series: Nursing Aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Katherine E.

    This is the third of four volumes devoted to reading instruction, in a series of materials for teaching English as a second language to adult nursing aide students. The three units included deal with fundamentals in nursing: asepsis, measurement and abbreviation, and emergencies. Each unit consists of readings interspersed with Cloze passages,…

  20. Enabling Effective E-Learning Creation on a Large Scale: Special-Purpose Authoring Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Guralnick

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available E-learning design and development today relies more on technological tools than ever before. In today’s world, for budget and efficiency reasons, e-learning is often created by people without a technical background, using the authoring tools that are available to them. While this process is in some ways unavoidable, the result is that e-learning design is often dictated as much by the capabilities of existing authoring tools as by educational and design principles. In order to support the creation of more sophisticated, effective, educationally-sound e-learning on a large scale, I suggest an approach based on “special-purpose” authoring tools, designed around pedagogical models in a way that encourages good design and speeds up development. In this paper, I describe that approach and provide a brief example of the approach in use.

  1. Teaching Xhosa for special purposes to physiotherapy students: A case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertie Neethling

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Adults generally find language learning difficult and often do not attain much success. This article reports a case study in which a group of learners English and Afrikaans speaking physiotherapy students at the University of the Western Cape learners were allowed to share in the planning of their Xhosa course. Strategies were used to enhance the learner’s awareness of their specific communicative needs. Students were then involved in reformulating these needs in terms of desired outcomes. This meant that realistic goals were set with the effect that the objective was seen as attainable. Fear of failure was no longer acute. By participating in the planning process the learners claimed ownership of the course: they experienced a sense of achievement is experienced even before the actual learning process started which strengthened the motivation that had originally led the learner to embark upon the learning exercise.

  2. Speakeasy: A Text for Speaking, Volume 1. English for Special Purposes Series: Nursing Aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Marybeth

    This is the first of three volumes devoted to improving speech skills, in a series of materials for teaching English as a second language to adult nursing aide students. Three units contain five lessons each that emphasize survival skills. In the first unit, the student is taught how to make introductions and meet people, and the use of…

  3. Speakeasy: A Text for Speaking, Volume 3. English for Special Purposes Series: Nursing Aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Marybeth

    This is the last of three volumes devoted to improving speech skills, in a series of materials for teaching English as a second language to adult nursing aide students. Three units contain five lessons each. The following subjects are covered: (1) talking about personal appearance, checking patients, and reporting to the nurse; (2) interviewing…

  4. Speakeasy. English for Special Purposes Series: Autobody Repair. Korean Translation Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Yong-Ok

    This guide to spoken usage with exercises is designed to enrich the English vocabulary of speakers of Korean. Narrative portions of the text are in Korean. Emphasis is on survival skills and automobile repair skills. Chapters include "Time,""Getting to Know You,""Eating Out,""Opening a Savings Account,""Asking and Giving Directions,""Buying Work…

  5. Teacher's Manual for Speakeasy, Reading Right. English for Special Purposes Series: Nursing Aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Marybeth; Hubbard, Katherine E.

    This teaching guide accompanies the speech skills and reading comprehension portions of a course in English as a second language for adult nursing aide students. The rationale of course organization is explained. The reading teacher is given general instructions on testing and review and the use of Cloze passages. The speech teacher is provided…

  6. Speakeasy: A Text for Speaking, Volume 2. English for Special Purposes Series: Nursing Aide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Marybeth

    This is the second of three volumes devoted to improving speech skills, in a series of materials for teachinq Enqlish as a second language to adult nursing aide students. Five units contain five lessons each. The following subjects are covered: (1) introductions on the job and orientation for the newly-hired nursing aide; (2) the present…

  7. Speakeasy: A Text for Speaking, Volume 2. English for Special Purposes Series: Autobody Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peet, William, Jr.

    This is the second of two volumes devoted to dialogs designed for classroom use by students of English as a second language. Survival skills are emphasized. The dialogs are grouped under the following titles: (1) "Buying Furniture," (2) "Straightening Metal Surfaces," (3) "Opening a Checking Account," (4) "Going to the Doctor," (5) "Building…

  8. Speakeasy. English for Special Purposes Series: Autobody Repair. Ilocano Translation Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berzabal, Ofelia G.

    This guide to spoken usage with exercises is designed to enrich the English vocabulary of speakers of Ilocano. Narrative portions of the text are in Ilocano. Emphasis is on survival language skills and automobile repair skills. Chapters include "Time,""Getting to Know You,""Eating Out,""Opening a Savings Account,""Asking and Giving…

  9. Teacher's Manual for Speakeasy, Hearsay, Reading Right. English for Special Purposes Series: Autobody Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peet, William, Jr.; And Others

    A tripartite program of instruction in English as a second language for adults is described. Program materials discussed consist of a set of low vocabulary readers with exercises ("Reading Right"), a videotaped lecture accompanied by two workbooks with sets of exercises to develop listening comprehension ("Hearsay"), and two volumes of classroom…

  10. Speakeasy: A Text for Speaking, Volume 1. English for Special Purposes Series: Autobody Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peet, William, Jr.

    This is the first of two volumes devoted to dialogs designed for classroom use by adult students of English as a second language. Survival skills are emphasized. The dialogs are grouped under the following titles: (1) "Time," (2) "Getting to Know You," (3) "Eating Out," (4) "Opening a Savings Account," (5) "Asking and Giving Directions," (6)…

  11. Speakeasy. English for Special Purposes Series: Autobody Repair. Vietnamese Translation Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van-Tanh, Phan

    This guide to spoken usage with exercises is designed to enrich the English vocabulary of speakers of Vietnamese. Narrative portions of the text are in Vietnamese. Emphasis is on survival skills and automobile repair skills. Chapters include "Time,""Getting to Know You,""Eating Out,""Opening a Savings Account,""Asking and Giving…

  12. 77 FR 45921 - Alaskan Fuel Hauling as a Restricted Category Special Purpose Flight Operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-02

    ... the Federal Register (74 FR 39242) in which the FAA proposed to specify Alaskan fuel hauling as a... Purpose Flight Operation AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), (DOT). ACTION: Notice of policy... submitted was, ``The transport of the fuel could be made safer by limiting the payload on each flight to...

  13. The Application of a Mixed General/Special Purpose Hardware in On-Board SATSAT Processing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bierens, L.H.J.

    1998-01-01

    In SATSAR huge amounts of data are involved corresponding to data rates of 100 to 1000 Mbits/s. The communication system and the intermediate storage on-board the satellite must handle this increasing amount of data as well. Furthermore, ground stations must process, broadcast and archive the SAR da

  14. Productivity Improvement of a Special Purpose Machine Using DMAIC Principles: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Dambhare

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Six Sigma is one of the popular methodologies used by the companies to improve the quality and productivity. It uses a detailed analysis of the process to determine the causes of the problem and proposes a successful improvement. Various approaches are adopted while following Six Sigma methodologies and one of them is DMAIC. The successful implementation of DMAIC and FTA is discussed in this paper. In this study, the major problem was of continuous rework up to 16%, which was leading to wastage of man hours and labor cost. Initially, fault tree analysis (FTA was used to detect the key process input variables (KPIVs affecting the output. Multivariable regression analysis was performed to know the possible relationship between the KPIVs and the output. The DMAIC methodology was successfully implemented to reduce the rework from 16% bores per month to 2.20% bores per month. The other problem of nonuniform step bores was also reduced significantly.

  15. The Market Analysis of Special Purpose Vehicle%专用汽车市场分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛道陵

    2001-01-01

    针对我国专用汽车市场近几年的发展情况.分析了专用汽车市场的特点、波动因素及未来的发展趋势.对2001年专用汽车需求总量和主要品种的需求量进行了预测.

  16. Conceptual aspects in creation of fungus-resistant polyurethanes having special purpose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudenko, A. V.; Saveliev, Yu. V.; Koval, E. Z.; Lenova, L. I.; Voloschuk, E. M.

    Based upon peculiarities of the structure of synthesized polyurethanes which allows one to include additional groups and heteroatoms in the processs of construction of fungus-resistant variants, the passive way of protection by means of introducing the Zn, Cu, Sn ions of metals (they were inaccessible for micromycets) into the structure of macromolecules is used. The synthesized polyurethanes, the macromolecule of which contains the fragments of Sn, Zn, Cu and Pb acetyleacetones, manifested the contact fungicide action on those micromycet strains which were detected in the orbital station. It should be noted that its activity was demonstrated in inhibing the process of spore sprouting and vitality maintaining during 3 to 10 days, with lysis of cell wall to follow.

  17. Special purpose parallel computer architecture for real-time control and simulation in robotic applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fijany, Amir (Inventor); Bejczy, Antal K. (Inventor)

    1993-01-01

    This is a real-time robotic controller and simulator which is a MIMD-SIMD parallel architecture for interfacing with an external host computer and providing a high degree of parallelism in computations for robotic control and simulation. It includes a host processor for receiving instructions from the external host computer and for transmitting answers to the external host computer. There are a plurality of SIMD microprocessors, each SIMD processor being a SIMD parallel processor capable of exploiting fine grain parallelism and further being able to operate asynchronously to form a MIMD architecture. Each SIMD processor comprises a SIMD architecture capable of performing two matrix-vector operations in parallel while fully exploiting parallelism in each operation. There is a system bus connecting the host processor to the plurality of SIMD microprocessors and a common clock providing a continuous sequence of clock pulses. There is also a ring structure interconnecting the plurality of SIMD microprocessors and connected to the clock for providing the clock pulses to the SIMD microprocessors and for providing a path for the flow of data and instructions between the SIMD microprocessors. The host processor includes logic for controlling the RRCS by interpreting instructions sent by the external host computer, decomposing the instructions into a series of computations to be performed by the SIMD microprocessors, using the system bus to distribute associated data among the SIMD microprocessors, and initiating activity of the SIMD microprocessors to perform the computations on the data by procedure call.

  18. Software system for open loop control of a synchrotron via special purpose consoles

    CERN Document Server

    Benincasa, G P; Heymans, P

    1973-01-01

    Most of the physics experiments performed at CERN require protons with an energy of 28 GeV. This is obtained in three stages: a linear accelerator, Linac, where the protons are created and brought to 50 Me V; next a first circular accelerator, Synchrotron Injector or Booster, where they reach 800 MeV; eventually the high energy synchrotron, PS (Proton Synchrotron), where they are accelerated to the required top energy. In contrast to the Linac and PS, the Booster has been designed very recently and is still running-in. From the beginning, it was intended to be fully computer controlled, i.e. acquisition and/or control of most of its variables. Whereas the computer control has always been implemented both at PS and Linac in parallel with an existing 'manual' control system, at the Booster its design could be imbedded within the study of the overall project. (5 refs).

  19. Roles within the Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Life Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Roles Within the Family Page Content Article Body Families ... family unit, and which rights, privileges, obligations, and roles are assigned to each family member. In most ...

  20. Nitric Oxide is Involved in the Upregulation of IFN-γ and IL-10 mRNA Expression by CD8+ T Cells During the Blood Stages of P. chabaudi AS Infection in CBA/Ca Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legorreta-Herrera, M; Rivas-Contreras, S; Ventura-Gallegos, JL; Zentella-Dehesa, A

    2011-01-01

    Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in the clearance of several types of bacteria, viruses and parasites. Although the roles of NO and CD8+ T cells in the immune response to malaria have been extensively studied, their actual contributions during the blood stages of malaria infection remain unclear. In this work, we corroborate that serum NO levels are not associated with the in vivo elimination of the blood stages of Plasmodium chabaudi AS. In addition, we show that CD8+ T cells exhibit increased apoptosis and up regulate the expression of TNF-α mRNA on day 4 post-infection and IFN-γ and IL-10 mRNA on day 11 post-infection. Interestingly, only the levels of IFN-γ and IL-10 expression are affected when iNOS is inhibited with aminoguanidine (AG), suggesting that NO could be involved in the activation of CD8+ T cells during the blood stages of plasmodium infection. PMID:22110391

  1. Integrating Family Resilience and Family Stress Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Joan M.

    2002-01-01

    The construct, family resilience, is defined differently by practitioners and researchers. This study tries to clarify the concept of family resilience. The foundation is family stress and coping theory, particularly the stress models that emphasize adaptation processes in families exposed to major adversities. (JDM)

  2. Family Matters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel de Riquer

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The scene is at the court of James I of Aragon in the mid-13th c., the place is the royal palace of Barcelona or any of the crown's other possessions, and the dramatis personae include the heir to the throne, prince Peire (future king Peire the Great, and the court's most famous troubadour, Cerverí de Girona (fl. 1259-85. Author of the largest corpus of any Occitan troubadour (114 poems, Cerverì distinguishes himself by the surprises and challenges he presents to his audience: an alba (the most openly erotic genre to the Virgin Mary, the Cobla in sis lengatges (Cobla in Six Languages, the apparently nonsensical Vers estrayn. Cerverì borrows equally from the folk-inspired Galician-Portuguese poetry and from the French tradition, including the chanson de malmariée, where a young woman bemoans being sold off by her family to an old man (gilos, "Jealous" and separated from her youthful doulz amis, some even praying for the death of their husband. Both within that tradition and among Cerverì's three chansons de malmariée, the Gelosesca stands out as "especially determined" to lose her husband, using every "solution" (prayer, black magic, potion or experimenta.

  3. ECMWF细网格10m风场产品在南海海域的预报检验%On Forecast Test of ECMWF 10 m Wind Field Products in South China Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴俞; 冯文; 李勋; 许向春

    2015-01-01

    The ECMFWF(shortly ,EC) fine grid 10 m wind field forecast products in South China Sea from Jan ,2012 to Dec ,2013 have been tested .The result shows that ,firstly ,EC's wind speed forecasts are to‐tally bigger than happening to oil dock ,QIZHOU island ,YONGXING island ,and YONGSHU reef ,but the forecast to QIZHOU island and YONGSHU reef wind speeds not only exist the smallest system bias , close to 0m/s ,but also the relativity between the forecast and the happening is the best ;under the differ‐ent wind speed ,the EC wind direction forecast bias is mainly distributed over ± 45° ,and smaller wind speed ,bigger wind direction forecast bias dispersion ;EC forecast rmse error and mean bias are all small to southeast wind ,easterly wind and southwest wind ,and mean bias close to 0° ,but EC forecast effect is poorer to norther- ly and northwest wind direction .Secondly ,contrast EC 10 m wind speed forecast field bias with analysis field in different seasons ,shows that the mean wind speed forecast bias exist a similar big value distribution ,and are all located north South China Sea close to the coastal area of Southern China and the southeast South China Sea near Philippines west sea ,but rmse and variance distribution are differ‐ent ;EC wind speed forecast is more stable to the South China Sea in summer except 24h ,and the longer forecast prescription the bigger rmse and variance ,and model forecast is not stable .%对2012年1月至2013年12月ECMWF(简称EC)细网格10 m风场产品在南海海域的预报进行检验,结果表明:①EC对原油码头、七洲列岛、永兴岛、永暑礁4个海岛站的风速预报总体上比实况略偏大,其中对七洲列岛和永暑礁的风速预报不仅系统性偏差最小,接近0 m/s ,且预报与实况的相关性最好;在不同风速下EC预报的风向偏差多数集中分布在±45°之间,风速越小,风向预报偏差样本的离散度越大;EC对东南风向、偏东风向和

  4. Cerebral neoplastic enhancing lesions: Multicenter, randomized, crossover intraindividual comparison between gadobutrol (1.0 M) and gadoterate meglumine (0.5 M) at 0.1 mmol Gd/kg body weight in a clinical setting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anzalone, Nicoletta, E-mail: anzalone.nicoletta@hsr.it [Department of Neuroradiology, Scientific Institute H.S. Raffaele, Via Olgettina 60, 20132 Milan (Italy); Scarabino, Tommaso, E-mail: tscarabino@hotmail.com [“L. Bonomo” Hospital Center, Viale Istria 1, 70031 Andria (Italy); Venturi, Carlo, E-mail: c.venturi@ao-siena.toscana.it [U.O.C. Neuroimaging and Neurointerventional, “Santa Maria alle Scotte” Polyclinic, Viale Bracci 16, 53100 Siena (Italy); Cristaudo, Concetto, E-mail: concetto.cristaudo@tiscali.it [Cannizzaro Hospital, Via Messina, 829, 98125 Catania (Italy); Tartaro, Armando, E-mail: a.tartaro@radiol.unich.it [Institute for Advanced Biomedical Techniques, Clinical Sciences and Bioimaging Dept., G.D’Annunzio University, Via dei Vestini, 66100 Chieti (Italy); Scotti, Giuseppe, E-mail: scotti.giuseppe@hsr.it [University Scientific Institute, San Raffaele Hospital, Via Olgettina 60, 20090 Milano (Italy); Zimatore, Domenico, E-mail: dszimatore@hotmail.it [Maggiore Borgo Trento City Hospital, Piazzale Stefani 1, 37126 Verona (Italy); Floris, Roberto, E-mail: roberto.floris@uniroma2.it [Dept. of Diagnostic and Molecular Imaging, UOC of Neuroradiology, Tor Vergata Polyclinics, Viale Oxford 81, 00133 Roma (Italy); Carriero, Alessandro, E-mail: profcarriero@virgilio.it [“Maggiore della Carità” University Hospital, Corso Mazzini, 18, 28100 Novara (Italy); Longo, Marcello, E-mail: longomar@tin.it [“G. Martino” University Polyclinic, Via Consolare Valeria, 1, 98125 Messina (Italy); Cirillo, Mario, E-mail: emmecirillo@libero.it [Second University Hospital c/o CTO, Viale Colli Aminei, 21, 80131 Napoli (Italy); and others

    2013-01-15

    Objective: Two macrocyclic extracellular contrast agents, one-molar neutral gadobutrol and ionic gadoterate meglumine, were compared to determine the overall preference for one or the other in a clinical setting. Materials and methods: Multicenter, randomized, single-blind, intra-individually controlled, comparison study with a corresponding blinded read. Efficacy analysis was based on 136 patients who underwent identical MRI examinations: group A first received 1.0 M gadobutrol followed by 0.5 M gadoterate meglumine 48 h to 7 days later; group B had a reversed administration order. Three independent blinded readers assessed off-site their overall diagnostic preference (primary efficacy parameter) based on a matched pairs approach. Results: Superiority of gadobutrol over gadoterate meglumine was demonstrated for the qualitative assessment of overall preference across all readers by a statistically significant difference between both contrast agents for this primary endpoint. Preferences in lesion enhancement (secondary endpoint) were also found significantly in favor of gadobutrol. For preference in lesion delineation from surrounding tissue/edema and for internal structure only a trend towards a higher proportion for gadobutrol was found (except for internal structure reported by one reader, which showed a result of statistical significance). Lesion contrast and relative lesion enhancement (quantitative parameters) were statistically significantly higher for gadobutrol compared to gadoterate meglumine. Conclusion: Contrast-enhanced MRI of neoplastic brain lesions at a dose of 0.1 mmol Gd/kg body weight, assessed in a standardized off-site blinded reading, results in a significantly higher qualitative and quantitative preference for gadobutrol compared to gadoterate meglumine.

  5. An evaluation of acoustic seabed classification techniques for marine biotope monitoring over broad-scales (>1 km 2) and meso-scales (10 m 2-1 km 2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Rein, H.; Brown, C. J.; Quinn, R.; Breen, J.; Schoeman, D.

    2011-07-01

    Acoustic seabed classification is a useful tool for monitoring marine benthic habitats over broad-scales (>1 km 2) and meso-scales (10 m 2-1 km 2). Its utility in this context was evaluated using two approaches: by describing natural changes in the temporal distribution of marine biotopes across the broad-scale (4 km 2), and by attempting to detect specific experimentally-induced changes to kelp-dominated biotopes across the meso-scale (100 m 2). For the first approach, acoustic backscatter mosaics were constructed using sidescan sonar and multibeam echosounder data collected from Church Bay (Rathlin Island, Northern Ireland) in 1999, 2008 and 2009. The mosaics were manually segmented into acoustic facies, which were ground-truthed using a drop-video camera. Biotopes were classified from the video by multivariate exploratory analysis and cross-tabulated with the acoustic facies, showing a positive correlation. These results were integrated with bathymetric data to map the distribution of seven unique biotopes in Church Bay. Kappa analysis showed the biotope distribution was highly similar between the biotope maps, possibly due to the stability of bedforms shaped by the tidal regime around Rathlin Island. The greatest biotope change in this approach was represented by seasonal and annual changes in the growth of the seagrass, Zostera marina. In the second approach, sidescan sonar data were collected before and after the removal of 100 m 2 of kelp from three sites. Comparison of the data revealed no differences between the high-resolution backscatter imagery. It is concluded that acoustic seabed classification can be used to monitor change over broad- and meso-scales but not necessarily for all biotopes; its success depends on the type of acoustic system employed and the biological characteristics of the target biotope.

  6. Family and family therapy in Russia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bebtschuk, Marina; Smirnova, Daria; Khayretdinov, Oleg

    2012-04-01

    This article represents the information about family and family therapy in the context of culture, traditions and contemporary changes of social situations in Russia. The legislation of family rights are mentioned within items about marriage and family in the Constitution, Civil Code and Family Code of the Russian Federation which has changed during recent years. The definition of family and description of family structure are given through the prism of the current demographic situation, dynamics of statistics of marriage and divorce rates, mental disorders, disabilities and such phenomena as social abandonment. The actual curriculum, teaching of family therapy and its disadvantages, system of continuous education, supervision and initiatives of the Institute of Integrative Family Therapy in improvement of preparing of specialists who can provide qualified psychosocial assistance for the family according to the actual needs of society are noted. The directions of state and private practice of family counselling and therapy both for psychiatric patients and medical patients, for adults and children in a family systemic approach are highlighted with an indication of the spectrum of techniques and methods used by Russian professionals. The main obstacles and perspectives of development of family therapy in Russia are summarized.

  7. Bequeathing Family Continuity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spanier, Graham B.

    1989-01-01

    Notes that many children who experience abuse, family disruption, or poverty reach adulthood with a strong commitment to family life. Questions whether changes in American families are indicators of pathology, deterioration, and instability; and asks how dysfunctional families transmit commitment to the concept of family to succeeding generations.…

  8. Family Reading Night

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchins, Darcy; Greenfeld, Marsha; Epstein, Joyce

    2007-01-01

    This book offers clear and practical guidelines to help engage families in student success. It shows families how to conduct a successful Family Reading Night at their school. Family Night themes include Scary Stories, Books We Love, Reading Olympics, Dr. Seuss, and other themes. Family reading nights invite parents to come to school with their…

  9. Family Factors in Small Family Business Growth

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jim Cater; Marilyn Young

    2016-01-01

    .... We suggest that while all three patterns of small family business growth may lead to individual company success and sustainability, businesses with units in multiple trade areas may be most adept at managing the six family factors.

  10. Consuming Family Dinner Time

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kelli Gutierrez; Linda Price; Eric Arnould

    2008-01-01

      Our study examines whether and how family dinners are embedded in the centrifugal and centripetal dynamics of everyday family life, the diversity of meanings they have for families and the intentions...

  11. Family Adjustment to Aphasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Public / Speech, Language and Swallowing / Disorders and Diseases Family Adjustment to Aphasia Richard S. was a senior manager ... It also presents a great challenge to the family. There may be tension among family members and ...

  12. Improving Family Communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Family Life Medical Home Family Dynamics Adoption & Foster Care ... Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Improving Family Communications Page Content Article Body How can I ...

  13. Normal Functioning Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Family Life Medical Home Family Dynamics Adoption & Foster Care ... Español Text Size Email Print Share Normal Functioning Family Page Content Article Body Is there any way ...

  14. Family Activities for Fitness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosse, Susan J.

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses how families can increase family togetherness and improve physical fitness. The author provides easy ways to implement family friendly activities for improving and maintaining physical health. These activities include: walking, backyard games, and fitness challenges.

  15. Branding a family business

    OpenAIRE

    Pohjola, Matti

    2016-01-01

    This master’s thesis main object was to understand better the very little researched topic: branding a family business. The main aim was to seek the values used behind family business that are the family values used in the brand and how the branding has been implemented in a family company. A qualitative method was chosen for this research for an interpretative analysis of the subject. Five family companies were chosen for the interviews. All these family companies are known Fi...

  16. Family Health History and Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Diabetes Diabetes Risk Test Family Health History Quiz Family Health History Quiz Family health history is an ... health problems. Four Questions You Should Ask Your Family About Diabetes & Family Health History Knowing your family ...

  17. Families and family therapy in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tse, Samson; Ng, Roger M K; Tonsing, Kareen N; Ran, Maosheng

    2012-04-01

    Family therapy views humans not as separate entities, but as embedded in a network of relationships, highlighting the reciprocal influences of one's behaviours on one another. This article gives an overview of family demographics and the implementation of family therapy in Hong Kong. We start with a review of the family demographics in Hong Kong and brief notes on families in mainland China. Demographics show that the landscape has changed markedly in the past decade, with more cross-border marriages, an increased divorce rate, and an ageing overall population - all of which could mean that there is increasing demand for professional family therapy interventions. However, only a limited number of professionals are practising the systems-based approach in Hong Kong. Some possible reasons as to why family therapy is not well disseminated and practised are discussed. These reasons include a lack of mental health policy to support family therapy, a lack of systematic family therapy training, and a shortage of skilled professionals. Furthermore, challenges in applying the western model in Chinese culture are also outlined. We conclude that more future research is warranted to investigate how family therapy can be adapted for Chinese families.

  18. Family psychology and family therapy in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kameguchi, K; Murphy-Shigematsu, S

    2001-01-01

    The development of family psychology and family therapy in Japan has occurred mostly since the 1980s. This development was originally activated by the major social issue in contemporary Japan of school refusal, in which more than 127,000 children either overtly refuse to or claim that they cannot go to school. From a family perspective, this problem is analyzed as it relates to the confusion that children experience from unbalanced and unclear boundaries in family relations or "membranes." An approach to family therapy that adapts systems theory and integrates a clay sculpting medium has been developed to work with Japanese families confronting this problem. The design and implementation of preventative family psychology programs applied at the community level are also an important part of the future development in these fields.

  19. Family doctors' involvement with families in Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lember Margus

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Family doctors should care for individuals in the context of their family. Family has a powerful influence on health and illness and family interventions have been shown to improve health outcomes for a variety of health problems. The aim of the study was to investigate the Estonian family doctors' (FD attitudes to the patients' family-related issues in their work: to explore the degree of FDs involvement in family matters, their preparedness for management of family-related issues and their self-assessment of the ability to manage different family-related problems. Methods A random sample (n = 236 of all FDs in Estonia was investigated using a postal questionnaire. Altogether 151 FDs responded to the questionnaire (response rate 64%, while five of them were excluded as they did not actually work as FDs. Results Of the respondents, 90% thought that in managing the health problems of patients FDs should communicate and cooperate with family members. Although most of the family doctors agreed that modifying of the health damaging risk factors (smoking, alcohol and drug abuse of their patients and families is their task, one third of them felt that dealing with these problems is ineffective, or perceived themselves as poorly prepared or having too little time for such activities. Of the respondents, 58% (n = 83 were of the opinion that they could modify also relationship problems. Conclusions Estonian family doctors are favourably disposed to involvement in family-related problems, however, they need some additional training, especially in the field of relationship management.

  20. Oroclinal Bending and Slab-Break-Off Causing Coeval East-West Extension and East-West Contraction in the Pamir-Nanga Parbat Syntaxis in the Past 10 m.y.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, A.; Robinson, A.; Manning, C. E.

    2001-12-01

    Active deformation of the Pamir-Nanga Parbat syntaxis system is dominated by east-west contraction in the south and east-west extension in the north on map view and a narrow zone of deep earthquakes up to 200 km beneath central Pamir and the Hindu Kush region on cross-sectional view. The deep seismicity shows a prominent gap between 15 and 70 km. E-W contractional tectonics is exemplified by the development of the north-trending Nanga Parbat synform and north-striking thrusts, while E-W extension is expressed by the Karakul rift in the north-central Pamirs of Tajikistan and the Kongur Shan normal fault in the eastern Pamir of China. Recent geochronologic and structural studies by several research groups show that east-west contraction in the Nanga Parbat region initiated at about 10 Ma, associated with extensive crustal melting. Our own investigations along the Kongur Shan normal fault indicate that extension across this system initiated between 10 and 8 Ma, coeval with the initiation of the Nanga Parbat contractional structure. The concentration of extensional and contractional strain along the north-south axis of the Pamir arc and location of extension in the outer arc and contraction in the inner arc of the ayntaxis system lead us to suggest that the coeval extension and contraction are controlled by oroclinal bending of the Pamir arc caused by torque exerted by the left-slip Cheman fault during the northward indentation of India. However, this explanation raises the question of why coeval extension and contraction occurred so late in the past 10 m.y. while the Indo-Asian collision and northward indentation of the Pamir promontory started at least 60 m.y. ago. One possible explanation is that the aseismic gap in the northern Pamir and Hindu Kush region represents a zone of ductile deformation along which a subducted oceanic (?) slab of either the Indian or Asian (Tadjik) plate was detached into the mantle. This slab break-off event may have occurred as a

  1. Structural and electronic properties of reduced transition metal oxide clusters, M4O10 and M4O10- (M = Cr, W), from photoelectron spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shenggang; Zhai, Hua-Jin; Wang, Lai-Sheng; Dixon, David A

    2012-05-31

    Anion photoelectron spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations at the density functional theory (DFT), coupled cluster theory (CCSD(T)), and complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) theory levels are employed to study the reduced transition metal oxide clusters M(4)O(10)(-) (M = Cr, W) and their neutrals. Photoelectron spectra are obtained at 193 and 157 nm photon energies, revealing very different electronic structures for the Cr versus W oxide clusters. The electron affinity and HOMO-LUMO gap are measured to be 3.68 ± 0.05 and 0.7 eV, respectively, for the Cr(4)O(10) neutral cluster, as compared to 4.41 ± 0.04 and 1.3 eV for W(4)O(10). A comprehensive search is performed to determine the ground-state structures for M(4)O(10) and M(4)O(10)(-), in terms of geometry and electronic states by carefully examining the calculated relative energies at the DFT, CCSD(T), and CASSCF levels. The ground states of Cr(4)O(10) and Cr(4)O(10)(-) have tetrahedral structures similar to that of P(4)O(10) with the anion having a lower symmetry due to a Jahn-Teller distortion. The ground states of W(4)O(10) and W(4)O(10)(-) have butterfly shape structures, featuring two fused five-member rings with a metal-metal multiple bond between the central metal atoms. The much stronger WW bonding than the CrCr bonding is found to be the primary cause for the different ground state structures of the reduced Cr(4)O(10)(0/-) versus W(4)O(10)(0/-) oxide clusters. The photoelectron spectra are assigned by comparing the experimental and theoretical adiabatic and vertical electron detachment energies, further confirming the determination of the ground electronic states of M(4)O(10) and M(4)O(10)(-). The time-dependent DFT method is used to calculate the excitation energies of M(4)O(10). The TD-DFT results in combination with the self-consistently calculated vertical detachment energies for some of the excited states at the DFT and CCSD(T) levels are used to assign the higher energy

  2. Competitiveness of Family Businesses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.A.A.M. Leenders (Mark); E. Waarts (Eric)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractThe purpose of this study is to systematically examine the advantages and disadvantages of different types of family businesses. We distinguish four different types of family businesses based on their family and business orientation: (1) House of Business, (2) Family Money Machine, (3) F

  3. Families in Transition .

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bundy, Michael L., Ed.; Gumaer, James, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Focuses on disrupted families and the role of the school counselor in helping children adjust. Describes characteristics of healthy families, and discusses the transition to the blended family, effects of divorce groups on children's classroom behavior, counseling children in stepfamilies, single-parent families, and parenting strengths of single…

  4. Competitiveness of Family Businesses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.A.A.M. Leenders (Mark); E. Waarts (Eric)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractThe purpose of this study is to systematically examine the advantages and disadvantages of different types of family businesses. We distinguish four different types of family businesses based on their family and business orientation: (1) House of Business, (2) Family Money Machine, (3) F

  5. Family Therapy for the "Truncated" Nuclear Family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuk, Gerald H.

    1980-01-01

    The truncated nuclear family consists of a two-generation group in which conflict has produced a polarization of values. The single-parent family is at special risk. Go-between process enables the therapist to depolarize sharply conflicted values and reduce pathogenic relating. (Author)

  6. Strengthening Family Practices for Latino Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chartier, Karen G.; Negroni, Lirio K.; Hesselbrock, Michie N.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of a culturally adapted Strengthening Families Program (SFP) for Latinos to reduce risks for alcohol and drug use in children. Latino families, predominantly Puerto Rican, with a 9- to 12-year-old child and a parent(s) with a substance abuse problem participated in the study. Pre- and post-tests were conducted…

  7. Putting the "family" back into family therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breunlin, Douglas C; Jacobsen, Elizabeth

    2014-09-01

    In this article, we examine the field of family therapy by drawing a distinction between two forms of practice: Whole Family Therapy (WFT), defined as treating the whole family, and Relational Family Therapy (RFT), defined as working with a subsystem of the family or an individual while retaining a systemic lens. Our thesis is that the practice of WFT has been in decline for some time and steps must be taken to keep it from becoming a defunct practice. We consider the trajectory of WFT and RFT throughout the development of family therapy through reference to the people, the literature, training, and practice patterns associated with family therapy. We remind the reader of the many benefits of WFT and suggest that today WFT is likely to be practiced in conjunction with RFT and individual therapy. Since training of family therapists today is largely located in degree-granting programs, we identify constraints to including WFT in such programs. We conclude by offering suggestions that can enhance a program's ability to train students in WFT. © 2014 FPI, Inc.

  8. Strengthening Family Practices for Latino Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chartier, Karen G.; Negroni, Lirio K.; Hesselbrock, Michie N.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of a culturally adapted Strengthening Families Program (SFP) for Latinos to reduce risks for alcohol and drug use in children. Latino families, predominantly Puerto Rican, with a 9- to 12-year-old child and a parent(s) with a substance abuse problem participated in the study. Pre- and post-tests were conducted…

  9. Choosing a Family Doctor

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... nav nav, .header-9#header-section #main-nav, #overlay-menu nav, #mobile-menu, #one-page-nav li . ... editorial staff Home Your Health Resources Doctor Visit Preparation Choosing a Family Doctor Choosing a Family Doctor ...

  10. Loosely coupled class families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ernst, Erik

    2001-01-01

    are expressed using virtual classes seem to be very tightly coupled internally. While clients have achieved the freedom to dynamically use one or the other family, it seems that any given family contains a xed set of classes and we will need to create an entire family of its own just in order to replace one......Families of mutually dependent classes that may be accessed polymor- phically provide an advanced tool for separation of concerns, in that it enables client code to use a group of instances of related classes safely without depending on the exact classes involved. However, class families which...... of the members with another class. This paper shows how to express class families in such a manner that the classes in these families can be used in many dierent combinations, still enabling family polymorphism and ensuring type safety....

  11. Familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000408.htm Familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency is a group of rare genetic ...

  12. Familial Mediterranean fever

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000363.htm Familial Mediterranean fever To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a rare disorder passed down through ...

  13. Importance of Family Routines

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Structure Your Child's Nighttime Routine . Weekends: Weekends are good times for family togetherness. You might go grocery shopping as a family, visit museums and zoos, do chores​ that everyone participates in, go on ...

  14. Assessing postpartum family functioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Midmer, D; Talbot, Y

    1988-09-01

    The birth of a child requires adaptation and reorganization within the family system in order to accommodate the new family member and to allow the family to continue in its psychosocial development. Knowledge of the normative and transitional changes required at this stage of family life will enhance family practitioners' understanding of some of the common concerns and complaints related to them by various family members during the postpartum period. The Family FIRO model represents a helpful conceptual framework to increase the family physician's understanding of the issues of inclusion, control, and intimacy that are highlighted during the transition to parenthood. The authors briefly present this model and discuss its application to postpartum adjustment and its implications for health-care professionals.

  15. Family Practice Consultation.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gauge the patients' opin:on on the family doctors' role regardirg prayer ... family practice consultation arc presented. ... patients' expectation of prayer and ..... New developments and frequently asked questions covering - high and low BMI, ...

  16. MSUD Family Support Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Group The MSUD Family Support Group is a non-profit 501 (c)(3) organization for those with MSUD ... Family Support Group is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization with no paid staff. Funds are needed ...

  17. National Military Family Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 931.6632 info@MilitaryFamily.org © 2016 - National Military Family Association Twitter Facebook Pinterest Instagram Charity Navigator Four Star Charity GuideStar Exchange Better Business Bureau Charity Watch Independent Charity of America nonprofit ...

  18. Familial Episodic Amaurosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available A family with a stereotyped unilateral or bilateral transient visual loss, that recurred many times daily and was associated with childhood epilepsy and familial hemiplegic migraine, is reported from University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.

  19. IGSF9 Family Proteins

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Maria; Walmod, Peter Schledermann

    2013-01-01

    The Drosophila protein Turtle and the vertebrate proteins immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF), member 9 (IGSF9/Dasm1) and IGSF9B are members of an evolutionarily ancient protein family. A bioinformatics analysis of the protein family revealed that invertebrates contain only a single IGSF9 family gene......, the longest isoforms of the proteins have the same general organization as the neural cell adhesion molecule family of cell adhesion molecule proteins, and like this family of proteins, IGSF9 family members are expressed in the nervous system. A review of the literature revealed that Drosophila Turtle...... facilitates homophilic cell adhesion. Moreover, IGSF9 family proteins have been implicated in the outgrowth and branching of neurites, axon guidance, synapse maturation, self-avoidance, and tiling. However, despite the few published studies on IGSF9 family proteins, reports on the functions of both Turtle...

  20. Family Caregiver Alliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... on your schedule. Look for our launch soon! FAMILY CARE NAVIGATOR ─ Click on Your State AL AK ... County Smart Patients Caregivers Community In partnership with Family Caregiver Alliance Learn more Caregiver Research Veterans suffer ...

  1. Family and Enterprise

    OpenAIRE

    Fletcher, Denise Elaine

    2006-01-01

    This chapter provides a review of the different approaches that have been utilised to examine the link between family and enterprise. Definitional issues are addressed, as are rationalist and ‘systems’ ways of evaluating the relationship between family and enterprise. Criticism is made of the effects of rationalist thinking on studies of family businesses which have tended to create duality and polarity in our understanding of the family-enterprise relationship. It is argued that a developm...

  2. Family Obligations in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch-Nielsen, Inger

    How is the balance in obligations between the Family and the Danish Welfare State? Can we observe a trend to shift the responsibility back to the family? This booklet intends to sketch the legal framework around the division of responsibilities between the Family and the state and to analyse...... to what extent and where the unit of rights and obliagations is the individual and where it is the family or household....

  3. Family Obligations in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koch-Nielsen, Inger

    How is the balance in obligations between the Family and the Danish Welfare State? Can we observe a trend to shift the responsibility back to the family? This booklet intends to sketch the legal framework around the division of responsibilities between the Family and the state and to analyse...... to what extent and where the unit of rights and obliagations is the individual and where it is the family or household....

  4. Strengths of Remarried Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knaub, Patricia Kain; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Focuses on remarried families' (N=80) perceptions of family strengths, marital satisfaction, and adjustment to the remarried situation. Results indicated that although most would like to make some changes, scores on the measurements used were high. A supportive environment was the most important predictor of family strength and success. (JAC)

  5. Family systems and fertility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moenkediek, Bastian

    2016-01-01

    This thesis studies the role of regional family organization principles, so called family systems, for explaining fertility behaviours in different parts of Europe. Studying family systems and its impact on fertility is important, because many aspects of societal life, such as the organization of we

  6. Families in Transition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britton, Patti O., Ed.; McGee, Michael, Ed.

    1987-01-01

    This issue of "Emphasis" deals with families in transition, providing some model programs for the new family and some historical perspectives on how families have developed over time. Articles include: (1) "Nostalgia on the Right" (Nancy Theriot); (2) "Heart to Heart" (Nancy Harrington-MacLennan); (3) "The Media Get the Message" (Janet Alyn); (4)…

  7. Books in the Family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swinger, Alice K.

    1989-01-01

    Opportunities for parents to encourage reading in the family are noted and ways to enhance the reading experience are discussed, including writing letters to book characters, singing combined with reading aloud, supplementing school subjects with enjoyable reading, sharing books at family gatherings, and using family experiences for book…

  8. Single Mothers "Do" Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Margaret K.

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores how single mothers both incorporate others into family life (e.g., when they ask others to care for their children) and simultaneously "do families" in a manner that holds out a vision of a "traditional" family structure. Drawing on research with White, rural single mothers, the author explores the manner in which these women…

  9. Family traditions and generations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneiderman, Gerald; Barrera, Maru

    2009-01-01

    Currently, traditional family values that have been passed down through generations appear to be at risk. This has significant implications for the stability and health of individuals, families, and communities. This article explores selected issues related to intergenerational transmission of family values and cultural beliefs, with particular reference to Western culture and values that are rooted in Jewish and Christian traditions. It also examines family values and parenting styles as they influence the developing perspective of children and the family's adaptation to a changing world.

  10. Asteroid family ages

    CERN Document Server

    Spoto, Federica; Knezevic, Zoran

    2015-01-01

    A new family classification, based on a catalog of proper elements with $\\sim 384,000$ numbered asteroids and on new methods is available. For the $45$ dynamical families with $>250$ members identified in this classification, we present an attempt to obtain statistically significant ages: we succeeded in computing ages for $37$ collisional families. We used a rigorous method, including a least squares fit of the two sides of a V-shape plot in the proper semimajor axis, inverse diameter plane to determine the corresponding slopes, an advanced error model for the uncertainties of asteroid diameters, an iterative outlier rejection scheme and quality control. The best available Yarkovsky measurement was used to estimate a calibration of the Yarkovsky effect for each family. The results are presented separately for the families originated in fragmentation or cratering events, for the young, compact families and for the truncated, one-sided families. For all the computed ages the corresponding uncertainties are pro...

  11. Inside the Family Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Morten; Nielsen, Kasper; Pérez-González, Francisco

    2005-01-01

    This paper uses a unique dataset from Denmark to investigate (1) the role of family characteristics in corporate decision making, and (2) the consequences of these decisions on firm performance. We focus on the decision to appoint either a family or an external chief executive officer (CEO). We...... show that a departing CEO's family characteristics have a strong predictive power in explaining CEO succession decisions: family CEOs are more frequently selected the larger the size of the family, the higher the ratio of male children and when the departing CEOs had only had one spouse. We...... then analyze the impact of family successions on performance. We overcome endogeneity and omitted variables problems of previous papers in the literature by using the gender of a departing CEO's first-born child as an instrumental variable (IV) for family successions. This is a plausible IV as male first...

  12. Inside the Family Firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Morten; Nielsen, Kasper; Pérez-González, Francisco

    2005-01-01

    This paper uses a unique dataset from Denmark to investigate (1) the role of family characteristics in corporate decision making, and (2) the consequences of these decisions on firm performance. We focus on the decision to appoint either a family or an external chief executive officer (CEO). We...... show that a departing CEO's family characteristics have a strong predictive power in explaining CEO succession decisions: family CEOs are more frequently selected the larger the size of the family, the higher the ratio of male children and when the departing CEOs had only had one spouse. We...... then analyze the impact of family successions on performance. We overcome endogeneity and omitted variables problems of previous papers in the literature by using the gender of a departing CEO's first-born child as an instrumental variable (IV) for family successions. This is a plausible IV as male first...

  13. Effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine Qingre Lishi Yin on Expressions of IL-6mRNA and IL-8mRNA and IL-10mRNA and Secretion of IL-8 and IL-10 in HaCaT Cells%中药清热利湿饮对HaCaT细胞表达IL-6mRNA、IL-8mRNA、IL-10mRNA及分泌IL-8、IL-10的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范玉; 杜锡贤; 张春红

    2014-01-01

    目的:揭示中药清热利湿饮对人永生化角质形成细胞HaCaT细胞表达IL-6mRNA、IL-8mRNA、IL-10mRNA和分泌IL-8、IL-10的作用机制.方法:以HaCaT细胞为研究对象,分别采用RT-PCR技术及ELISA方法观察中药清热利湿饮提取液对经TNF-α诱导活化的HaCaT细胞表达IL-6mRNA、IL-8mRNA、IL-10mRNA和分泌IL-8、IL-10的影响.结果:清热利湿饮对经TNF-α诱导活化的HaCaT细胞IL-6mRNA和IL-8mRNA的表达有下调作用,在药物浓度为10g/L和12.5g/L时,HaCaT细胞IL-10mRNA的表达量增强较为明显,与TNF-α诱导活化组相比,有显著性差异(P<0.05或P<0.01).清热利湿饮对经TNF-α诱导活化的HaCaT细胞IL-8的分泌有不同程度的抑制作用,但对IL-10的影响不明显.结论:清热利湿饮可下调IL-6mRNA、IL-8mRNA的表达,上调IL-10mRNA的表达,且此作用随药物浓度的升高而增强;同时可降低细胞IL-8的分泌,但对IL-10的分泌无明显的作用.

  14. Family governance practices and teambuilding : Paradox of the enterprising family

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berent-Braun, M.M.; Uhlaner, L.M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between family governance practices and financial performance of the business and family assets of business-owning families. A business-owning family that shares a focus on preserving and growing wealth as a family is defined as the enterprising family. Results o

  15. 24 CFR 982.515 - Family share: Family responsibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Family share: Family responsibility... Assistance Payment § 982.515 Family share: Family responsibility. (a) The family share is calculated by subtracting the amount of the housing assistance payment from the gross rent. (b) The family rent to owner is...

  16. Opening Doors: Understanding School and Family Influences on Family Involvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlisle, Erin; Stanley, Lindsey; Kemple, Kristen Mary

    2005-01-01

    Family involvement in schooling can benefit young children, teachers, and families. Family involvement in schools can be influenced by both school-related and family-related factors. School-related factors include teachers' attitudes toward families, and school and teacher expectations. Family-related factors include ethnicity, prior school…

  17. Family governance practices and teambuilding : Paradox of the enterprising family

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berent-Braun, M.M.; Uhlaner, L.M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between family governance practices and financial performance of the business and family assets of business-owning families. A business-owning family that shares a focus on preserving and growing wealth as a family is defined as the enterprising family. Results o

  18. Family governance practices and teambuilding : Paradox of the enterprising family

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berent-Braun, M.M.; Uhlaner, L.M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between family governance practices and financial performance of the business and family assets of business-owning families. A business-owning family that shares a focus on preserving and growing wealth as a family is defined as the enterprising family. Results

  19. Family dynamics and family psychotherapy of psychosomatic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirsching, M; Stierlin, H

    1979-01-01

    Family therapy of psychosomatic disorders is oftern difficult and comparable to the therapy of psychotic patients. Nonetheless, the results published today by authors such as Minuchin and Selvini and our own experiences are promising indeed. We have found that what seemed to be a deep-rooted psychic structure changed rapidly and enduringly if the relationship field changed. Amelioration of symptoms is in many cases easily attained if they are understood in their function within a relational system. Also, we regard the system or family approach as a chance for medical practice. The general practioner who usually deals with family systems has, in our view, an ideal position to bring about change if he uses his authority and trust properly. He has to obtain a positive, not pathology-oriented view and should use family and social resources in spite of engaging in an often fruitless and endless contact with the designated patient, which only serves to maintain and even to increase the homeostatic lock of the family system.

  20. Familial pituitary tumor syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elston, Marianne S; McDonald, Kerrie L; Clifton-Bligh, Roderick J; Robinson, Bruce G

    2009-08-01

    The vast majority of pituitary tumors are benign and occur sporadically; however, they can still result in significant morbidity and even premature mortality through mass effects and hormone dysfunction. The etiology of sporadic tumors is still poorly understood; by contrast, advances have been made in our understanding of familial pituitary adenoma syndromes in the past decade. Currently, four genes are known to be associated with familial pituitary tumor syndromes: MEN1, CDKN1B, PRKAR1A and AIP. The first three genes are associated with a variety of extrapituitary pathologies, for example, primary hyperparathyroidism with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, which might aid identification of these syndromes. By contrast, AIP mutations seem to occur in the setting of isolated familial pituitary adenomas, particularly of the growth-hormone-secreting subtype. Awareness and identification of familial pituitary tumor syndromes is important because of potential associated pathologies and important implications for family members. Here, we review the current knowledge of familial pituitary tumor syndromes.

  1. Advancing family psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiese, Barbara H

    2016-02-01

    To realize the broad and complex nature of the field of family psychology, I have slightly revised the mission statement of the Journal of Family Psychology (JFP) to capture contemporary scholarship in family psychology and to advance systems perspectives in this top-tier scientific journal. Over the next 6 years, I hope that authors will consider JFP as an outlet for their best work in the following areas: (1) JFP addresses societal challenges faced by families today; (2) JFP publishes important studies on what makes couple and family relationships work; (3) JFP is a leader in publishing reports that use cutting-edge sophisticated approaches to research design and data analysis; and (4) JFP imparts knowledge about effective therapy and prevention programs relevant to couples and families. The journal is also expanding its publication rate to eight issues per year.

  2. KSF of family business

    OpenAIRE

    Boroš, Petr

    2014-01-01

    Family business is a business in which family members have a large stake in ownership and also a deciding vote on business operation. This thesis deals with what makes the family businesses thriving. The research is conducted using the Good to Great framework by Jim Collins. Based mainly on quantitative and qualitative survey of 8 Czech companies of various fields and sizes, it was discovered that there are some links between the companies' success. These findings yield a set of recommendatio...

  3. Family in contemporary society

    OpenAIRE

    Rabije Murati

    2016-01-01

    The family is part of social change and, as such changes and transform into steps with modern trends of society. Family function in a given society is structured according to the overall changes that occur in all areas of social life, not neglecting family life. The contemporary conditions impose requirements that must be met to move forward with the times that follow. In particular, should highlight the social changes that are related to the growth and advancement of the educational and prof...

  4. The Hoffmeister asteroid family

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carruba, V.; Novaković, B.; Aljbaae, S.

    2017-03-01

    The Hoffmeister family is a C-type group located in the central main belt. Dynamically, it is important because of its interaction with the ν1C nodal secular resonance with Ceres, which significantly increases the dispersion in inclination of family members at a lower semimajor axis. As an effect, the distribution of inclination values of the Hoffmeister family at a semimajor axis lower than its centre is significantly leptokurtic, and this can be used to set constraints on the terminal ejection velocity field of the family at the time it was produced. By performing an analysis of the time behaviour of the kurtosis of the vW component of the ejection velocity field [γ2(vW)], as obtained from Gauss' equations, for different fictitious Hoffmeister families with different values of the ejection velocity field, we were able to exclude that the Hoffmeister family should be older than 335 Myr. Constraints from the currently observed inclination distribution of the Hoffmeister family suggest that its terminal ejection velocity parameter VEJ should be lower than 25 m s-1. Results of a Yarko-YORP Monte Carlo method to family dating, combined with other constraints from inclinations and γ2(vW), indicate that the Hoffmeister family should be 220^{+60}_{-40} Myr old, with an ejection parameter VEJ = 20 ± 5 m s-1.

  5. Family in contemporary society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabije Murati

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The family is part of social change and, as such changes and transform into steps with modern trends of society. Family function in a given society is structured according to the overall changes that occur in all areas of social life, not neglecting family life. The contemporary conditions impose requirements that must be met to move forward with the times that follow. In particular, should highlight the social changes that are related to the growth and advancement of the educational and professional standards, which will increase the overall impact on the family and its function. If you're looking for full responsibility of parents in the upbringing of children then it is necessary to see the conditions in which the family lives. For normal education and the rights of children with special meaning the number of members in the (quantity family. The tendency to a higher standard of economic life, a small number of children in the family and it is more than obvious that fewer family members or less have greater opportunity for parents to pay more attention to their children. One of the main roles of family, no matter where they are located in the city, village, developed or developing countries, by all means participate, intermediates and transfers the moral, social and other values in modern life.

  6. Saturating Sperner families

    CERN Document Server

    Gerbner, Dániel; Lemons, Nathan; Pálvölgyi, Dömötör; Palmer, Cory; Patkós, Balázs

    2011-01-01

    A family $\\cF \\subseteq 2^{[n]}$ saturates the monotone decreasing property $\\cP$ if $\\cF$ satisfies $\\cP$ and one cannot add any set to $\\cF$ such that property $\\cP$ is still satisfied by the resulting family. We address the problem of finding the minimum size of a family saturating the $k$-Sperner property and the minimum size of a family that saturates the Sperner property and that consists only of $l$-sets and $(l+1)$-sets.

  7. The DLGAP family

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Andreas H; Rasmussen, Hanne B; Silahtaroglu, Asli

    2017-01-01

    downstream signalling in the neuron. The postsynaptic density, a highly specialized matrix, which is attached to the postsynaptic membrane, controls this downstream signalling. The postsynaptic density also resets the synapse after each synaptic firing. It is composed of numerous proteins including a family...... in the postsynapse, the DLGAP family seems to play a vital role in synaptic scaling by regulating the turnover of both ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors in response to synaptic activity. DLGAP family has been directly linked to a variety of psychological and neurological disorders. In this review we...... focus on the direct and indirect role of DLGAP family on schizophrenia as well as other brain diseases....

  8. Communication in family businesses : Relationships between family and non-family managers

    OpenAIRE

    Grytsaieva, Tetiana; Strandberg, Johan

    2016-01-01

    Problem: Family firms often comprise of a complex web of relationships between family and non-family managers that are active within the business. Family enterprises are also known for their closed communication and decision-making practices. It often occurs that families do not include non-family managers into important business-related discussions and do not consult their decisions with managers from outside of the family. At the same time, research in the area of family business defines th...

  9. The Rafita asteroid family

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aljbaae, S.; Carruba, V.; Masiero, J. R.; Domingos, R. C.; Huaman, M.

    2017-01-01

    The Rafita asteroid family is an S-type group located in the middle main belt, on the right side of the 3J:-1A mean-motion resonance. The proximity of this resonance to the family left side in semi-major axis caused many former family members to be lost. As a consequence, the family shape in the (a, 1/D) domain is quite asymmetrical, with a preponderance of objects on the right side of the distribution. The Rafita family is also characterized by a leptokurtic distribution in inclination, which allows the use of methods of family age estimation recently introduced for other leptokurtic families such as Astrid, Hansa, Gallia, and Barcelona. In this work we propose a new method based on the behavior of an asymmetry coefficient function of the distribution in the (a, 1/D) plane to date incomplete asteroid families such as Rafita. By monitoring the time behavior of this coefficient for asteroids simulating the initial conditions at the time of the family formation, we were able to estimate that the Rafita family should have an age of 490 ± 200 Myr, in good agreement with results from independent methods such as Monte Carlo simulations of Yarkovsky and Yorp dynamical induced evolution and the time behaviour of the kurtosis of the sin (i) distribution. Asteroids from the Rafita family can reach orbits similar to 8% of the currently known near Earth objects. ≃1% of the simulated objects are present in NEO-space during the final 10 Myr of the simulation, and thus would be comparable to objects in the present-day NEO population.

  10. Sinopec offers HK$10m to clean up affected beaches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Sinopec has established a HK$10 million fund to assist green groups in cleaning up the millions of plastic pellets from a container ship that have been washed ashore on local beaches and fish farms. The 150 tons of polypropylene pellets were being shipped on board a freighter Yong Xin .lie 1 from Nansha Port to Shantou when signal l0 typhoon Vicente struck on ,luly 23. The pellets, in six containers, were blown into the sea. The pellets then washed onto the outlying islands of Hong Kong, stirring concerns over environmental damage to the ocean itself, as well as to marine life.

  11. Closure Issues with Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Steven E.; Bischof, Gary H.

    Closure of the counseling relationship constitutes both an ending and a beginning. Although closure signifies the ending of the present counseling relationship, many family counselors conceptualize closure as the start of a working relationship between counselor and family that may be summoned in future times of crisis or during a difficult life…

  12. Selecting Family Interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Richard E.

    Just as counseling approaches designed for individuals have their theory-specific techniques, family counseling approaches also have theory-specific interventions and strategies. Whatever presenting problem the family brings to counseling, one or more of four essential components (communication, problem solving, roles and boundaries) is typically…

  13. Assessment of Troubled Families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combs-Orme, Terri; Thomas, Katherine H.

    1997-01-01

    Tests the utility of four standardized instruments used in assessing 105 families that sought services in a juvenile corrections setting for their teenage children. Results demonstrate that parents and adolescents can complete standardized assessment instruments and that the information provided can help in understanding distressed families. (RJM)

  14. Family Reunion Health Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... be a sign of kidney disease. Encourage your family to keep their blood pressure at or below the number set by their ... Share NKDEP brochures about diabetes and high blood pressure. Encourage family members to take the information with them when ...

  15. Privacy in the family

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Newell, Bryce; Metoyer, Cheryl A.; Moore, Adam D.

    2015-01-01

    Popular access to increasingly sophisticated forms of electronic surveillance technologies has altered the dynamics of family relationships. Monitoring, mediated and facilitated by practices of both covert and overt electronic surveillance, has changed the nature of privacy within the family. In thi

  16. Narrative Family Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsh, William M.; Keenan, Robert

    1997-01-01

    States that narrative family therapy is informed by social constructionism and postmodern worldviews, and is a relatively significant departure from mainstream psychotherapy. Discusses the use of narrative family therapy. Uses the story of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden as an example. (MKA)

  17. Marriage or Family Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haley, Jay

    1984-01-01

    Reviews the differences between family therapy and marriage counseling in terms of professional organization, theory, and practice. Suggests that training in marriage therapy does not appear adequate for family therapy. The goal of the therapy field should be more consensus in theory and a single profession of therapists. (JAC)

  18. Family Report 2011

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Freek Bucx

    2011-01-01

    Original title: Gezinsrapport 2011. Between 2007 and 2010 the Netherlands had its first ever Minister for Youth and Family. The position of the family in modern society is a subject of considerable debate, not just at political and policy level, but also in society itself. Voices are frequently hea

  19. Familie og arv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Linda

    1995-01-01

    Familie og arv, familie, arv, børn, ægteskab, ægtefælle, skilsmisse, formuefællesskab, forældremyndighed, fælleseje, særråden, særeje, død, uskiftet bo, underholdspligt, samliv, tvangsarv, deling...

  20. Golden Matrix Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Anne; Hurley, Susan

    2011-01-01

    This student research project explores the properties of a family of matrices of zeros and ones that arises from the study of the diagonal lengths in a regular polygon. There is one family for each n greater than 2. A series of exercises guides the student to discover the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the matrices, which leads in turn to…

  1. Internationalization of Family Businesses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boyd, Britta; Hollensen, Svend; Goto, Toshio

    2010-01-01

    -depth qualitative interviews reveal the driving forces on both sides and show how the psychic distance can be reduced between the different parent firms including the joint venture (JV) child. The purpose of this study is to compare equal split or equity joint ventures of non-family and family firms regarding...

  2. America's Family Time Famine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattox, Jr., William R.

    1990-01-01

    Parents spend increasingly less time with their children because of the pressures of dual careers and single parenthood. Economic pressures and social values have affected sharing of family time. Studies show both parents and children consider spending time together the most important element in improving family life. (BC)

  3. Marriage or Family Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haley, Jay

    1984-01-01

    Reviews the differences between family therapy and marriage counseling in terms of professional organization, theory, and practice. Suggests that training in marriage therapy does not appear adequate for family therapy. The goal of the therapy field should be more consensus in theory and a single profession of therapists. (JAC)

  4. The Family Victivallaceae

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plugge, C.M.; Zoetendal, E.G.

    2014-01-01

    The family Victivallaceae is a member of the order Victivallales and holds only two cultured representatives: Victivallis vadensis strain CelloT and the uncharacterized strain NML 080035. They are Gram-negative, nonmotile, and anaerobic. Within the family as well as the order, cloned 16S rRNA gene s

  5. The family Cyclobacteriaceae

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    AnilKumar, P.; Srinivas, T.N.R.

    , Rhodonellum, and Shivajiella Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences clearly clustered all the genera into the family Cyclobacteriaceae Members of the family are known to have a wide range of morphological properties like cell shape, size...

  6. Why the Family?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ferracioli, L.

    2015-01-01

    Among the most pressing philosophical questions occupying those interested in the ethics of the family is why should parents, as opposed to charity workers or state officials, raise children? In their recent Family Values, Brighouse and Swift have further articulated and strengthen their own

  7. Changing Families, Changing Workplaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, Suzanne M.

    2011-01-01

    American families and workplaces have both changed dramatically over the past half-century. Paid work by women has increased sharply, as has family instability. Education-related inequality in work hours and income has grown. These changes, says Suzanne Bianchi, pose differing work-life issues for parents at different points along the income…

  8. Familial malignant melanoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kopf, A.W.; Hellman, L.J.; Rogers, G.S.; Gross, D.F.; Rigel, D.S.; Friedman, R.J.; Levenstein, M.; Brown, J.; Golomb, F.M.; Roses, D.F.; Gumport, S.L.

    1986-10-10

    Characteristics associated with familial compared with nonfamilial malignant melanoma were assessed. These data were obtained from consecutive prospectively completed questionnaires on 1169 cases of cutaneous malignant melanoma. Of these, 69 patients indicated a positive family history for this cancer. Among the various clinical and histological variables compared, those that significantly correlated with the familial occurrence of malignant melanoma include younger age at first diagnosis, smaller diameter of the lesion, lower Clark level, decreased frequency of nonmelanoma skin cancer, and reduced prevalence of noncutaneous cancer. Increased awareness of malignant melanoma among family members could account for some of these observations. Identification of the familial variety of malignant melanoma has practical implications concerning early detection and prompt intervention.

  9. Genetics of familial melanoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aoude, Lauren G; Wadt, Karin A W; Pritchard, Antonia L

    2015-01-01

    Twenty years ago, the first familial melanoma susceptibility gene, CDKN2A, was identified. Two years later, another high-penetrance gene, CDK4, was found to be responsible for melanoma development in some families. Progress in identifying new familial melanoma genes was subsequently slow; however......, with the advent of next-generation sequencing, a small number of new high-penetrance genes have recently been uncovered. This approach has identified the lineage-specific oncogene MITF as a susceptibility gene both in melanoma families and in the general population, as well as the discovery of telomere...... maintenance as a key pathway underlying melanoma predisposition. Given these rapid recent advances, this approach seems likely to continue to pay dividends. Here, we review the currently known familial melanoma genes, providing evidence that most additionally confer risk to other cancers, indicating...

  10. Maintenance of family networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    marsico, giuseppina; Chaudhary, N; Valsiner, Jaan

    2015-01-01

    Families are social units that expand in time (across generations) and space (as a geographically distributed sub-structures of wider kinship networks). Understanding of intergenerational family relations thus requires conceptualization of communication processes that take place within a small...... collective of persons linked with one another by a flexible social network. Within such networks, Peripheral Communication Patterns set the stage for direct everyday life activities within the family context. Peripheral Communication Patterns are conditions where one family network member (A) communicates...... manifestly with another member (B) with the aim of bringing the communicative message to the third member (C) who is present but is not explicitly designated as the manifest addressee of the intended message. Inclusion of physically non-present members of the family network (elders living elsewhere, deceased...

  11. Negotiating Family Tracking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sonne Damkjær, Maja; Albrechtslund, Anders; Bøge, Ask Risom

    This presentation explores the question: What motivates the use of tracking technologies in families, and how does the use transform the relations between parent and child? The purpose is to investigate why tracking technologies are used in families and how these technologies potentially change...... the relation between parents and children. The use of tracking technologies in families implicate negotiations about the boundaries of trust and intimacy in parent-child relations which can lead to strategies of resistance or modification (Fotel and Thomsen, 2004; Rooney, 2010; Steeves and Jones, 2010......). In the presentation, we report from a qualitative study that focuses on intergenerational relations. The study draws on empirical data from workshops with Danish families as well as individual and group interviews. We aim to gain insights about the sharing habits and negotiations in intimate family relations...

  12. Fighting for the family

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heiselberg, Maj Hedegaard

    2016-01-01

    The article explores how military deployment affects the everyday lives of Danish soldiers’ families. By approaching the challenges faced by soldiers and their partners from an anthropological perspective of the family, the article provides new insights into the social consequences of military...... deployment and the processes of militarization at home. Drawing on ethnographic examples from recent fieldwork among women, children, and soldiers at different stages of deployment, the article demonstrates how soldiers and their families attempt to live up to ideals about parenthood and family by creating...... ‘relational spaces’ that allow them to preserve intimate relationships despite geographical distances. Besides dealing with the practical responsibilities of everyday life, soldiers’ partners also fight to maintain the sense of closeness associated with normative ideals about family relations and a ‘good...

  13. Family Reconstruction: The Family within-a Group Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satir, Virginia; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Presents Virginia Satir's Family Reconstruction, a group therapy experience that blends and extends her 1982 process therapy and 1983 conjoint family therapy approaches. Describes the family reconstruction process, the review of family reconstruction data in the pregroup interview, the family reconstruction process in the counseling group, and the…

  14. Family Reconstruction: The Family within-a Group Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satir, Virginia; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Presents Virginia Satir's Family Reconstruction, a group therapy experience that blends and extends her 1982 process therapy and 1983 conjoint family therapy approaches. Describes the family reconstruction process, the review of family reconstruction data in the pregroup interview, the family reconstruction process in the counseling group, and the…

  15. 75 FR 17946 - Family Report, MTW Family Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-08

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Family Report, MTW Family Report AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD... understand demographic, family profile, income, and housing information for participants in the Public... Following Information Title of Proposal: Family Report, MTW Family Report. OMB Approval Number: 2577-0083...

  16. 10-m resolution gray-scale image of multibeam bathymetry in Massachusetts Bay (MB_BATHYGS10M.TIF)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The U.S. Geological Survey has conducted geologic mapping to characterize the sea floor offshore of Massachusetts. The mapping was carried out using a Simrad Subsea...

  17. 10-m resolution image of shaded relief multibeam bathymetry in Massachusetts Bay (MB_SRELIEF10M.TIF)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The U.S. Geological Survey has conducted geologic mapping to characterize the sea floor offshore of Massachusetts. The mapping was carried out using a Simrad Subsea...

  18. [Family oriented nursing care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima-Rodríguez, Joaquin Salvador; Lima-Serrano, Marta; Sáez-Bueno, Africa

    2009-01-01

    Nursing has experienced an important methodological development, in which it gives priority to the individual, although at a socioeconomic level a marked interest is seen in the health care of the family unit and the NANDA (North American Nursing Diagnosis Association), NIC (Nursing Interventions Classification) and NOC (Nursing Outcomes Classification) nursing guidelines, using diagnoses, criteria of results and interventions orientated towards this aim. We consider to the family as an opened system consisted of human elements, with a common history, which they form a functional unit been ruled by own procedure. In this paper we look at those aspects that must be taken into account in nursing assessment of families from a systemic perspective, including some tools for data collection and analysis of information. In addition, we identify specific areas of intervention. We believe that the family must be studied from a nursing care point of view with its own characteristics as opposed to those possessed individually by each of its members. We also believe that, when assessment is centred on the Henderson unaided activities study or the Gordon functional health patterns, they are not useful in assessing the family unit. This work offers an assessment method centred on the family unit, which helps to identify the nursing diagnoses applicable to it. Our proposal, which has been successfully used by nursing students over the last few years, hopes to contribute to quality clinical practice with a tool orientated towards the family.

  19. Gender and family stability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available The increasing trend of partnership disruption among families with children in recent decades has been accompanied by substantial changes in traditional gender roles in industrialized countries. Yet, relatively little is known about the effects of changing gender relations on family stability in the European context. In this paper, we study such gender influences at the familial and societal level in Sweden and Hungary between the mid-1960s and the early 1990s. We focus on the disruption of the first parental union (i.e. the union in which a couple's first child was born. Our analysis is based on data extracted from the Swedish and Hungarian Fertility and Family Surveys of 1992/93. We use the method of hazard regression. The results suggest (i that the establishment of the dual-earner family model influences family stability only if it is accompanied by some changes in traditional gender relations within the family, and (ii that women's and men's labor-market behavior have different effects in spite of the relatively long history of women's (also mothers' labor-force participation in both Sweden and Hungary.

  20. Ethnic family structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcdonald, P

    1989-04-01

    Using information from large-scale statistical collections and elaborations from ethnographic studies, this paper examines the underlying social processes and structures of migrant families in Australia. Migrants in Australia are often confronted by family values and behavior which run counter to their own. For some migrants, particularly those from the United Kingdom and Western European countries, there is little conflict as Australian family values and behavior approximate their own; the feminine conception of the family is not foreign to them. On the other hand, migrants from Mediterranean countries and from Asia are likely to face a clash between the masculine conception of the family and the dominant feminine conception they find in Australia. Economic structure also often forces an accommodation to the feminine conception of the family. For example, migrant women in Australia are heavily involved in the work force outside the family circle, and, in the main, have relatively low fertility. Age at marriage is increasing and many single women of migrant origin are being educated at the tertiary level and are working before marriage. These changes necessarily expose women and youths to the dominant social values and increase their economic independence, thus disrupting the conventional male family authority. There is evidence of a degree of accommodation to Australian patterns of behavior in migrant groups more inclined to a masculine conception of the family. In other areas, however, which are less directly related to economic pressure, migrant values have been far less accommodating. There is still a high level of endogamy, the 1st birth occurs soon after marriage, divorce rates are low, and the aged are very likely to live with their children. Large migrant groups have been able to maintain these patterns of behavior through the formation of ethnic substructures that form their principal social environment. In the longer term, however, their children are

  1. Family Structure and Social Influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Dawn R.

    Regardless of family form, there is a universal belief that one's family is the most powerful agent of socialization. A sample of 38 junior high school students from single parent and nuclear families completed a questionnaire in order to examine the relative effects of peer influence and family influence in single parent and nuclear families.…

  2. Family Systems and Fertility Intentions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mönkediek, Bastian; Bras, Hilde

    2017-01-01

    Family systems, as normative frameworks in which family processes unfold, are believed to exert a major influence on fertility. While a number of studies have addressed family system effects on family size and the timing of births, the question of how family systems influence fertility intentions

  3. The contribution of familiness to the performance of family businesses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. P. Venter

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available While family businesses are known to consistently outperform non-family businesses in financial terms over the long run, family businesses have received comparatively little attention from researchers. In this article an explanation is offered for this superior performance in the form of the concept of "familiness" - the unique contribution that family involvement brings to any business (which is divided into founder capital and family capital. It is explained that family businesses possess no general competitive advantage over non-family businesses. The unique strength of successful family businesses does not lie in their espoused advantages, but in their ability to sustain and adapt, through family capital, the culture created by the founder. An evolutionary conceptual model of the creation and transmission of familiness is provided to explain how this unique strength influences family business performance over the long run.

  4. Family Background and Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindquist, Matthew J.; Sol, Joeri; Van Praag, Mirjam

    Vast amounts of money are currently being spent on policies aimed at promoting entrepreneurship. The success of such policies, however, rests in part on the assumption that individuals are not ‘born entrepreneurs’. In this paper, we assess the importance of family background and neighborhood...... treatment within families by gender and birth order does little to further increase our estimates of the importance of family-wide factors. We then go on to show that neighborhood effects, sibling peer effects, and parental income and education explain very little of these correlations. Parental...

  5. The Family Saprospiraceae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McIlroy, Simon Jon; Nielsen, Per Halkjær

    2014-01-01

    The Saprospiraceae, a family within the order Sphingobacteriales and the phylum Bacteroidetes, embrace the genera Saprospira, Lewinella, Haliscomenobacter, Aureispira, ‘‘Rubidimonas,’’ and ‘‘Portibacter.’’ The composition of the family, and delineation of genera and species, is largely defined...... associated with predation of other bacteria and algae. Family members are likely important in the breakdown of complex organic compounds in the environment. Such a role is at least demonstrated in situ for activated sludge wastewater treatment systems where these organisms are frequently observed...

  6. Family Background and Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindquist, Matthew J.; Sol, Joeri; Van Praag, Mirjam

    Vast amounts of money are currently being spent on policies aimed at promoting entrepreneurship. The success of such policies, however, rests in part on the assumption that individuals are not ‘born entrepreneurs’. In this paper, we assess the importance of family background and neighborhood...... treatment within families by gender and birth order does little to further increase our estimates of the importance of family-wide factors. We then go on to show that neighborhood effects, sibling peer effects, and parental income and education explain very little of these correlations. Parental...

  7. The Specification of a Data Base Machine Architecture Development Facility and a Methodology for Developing Special Purpose Function Architectures,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-01

    LIUZ ZII UNCLASSIF71ED RAUC -TR-80-26 N RADC-TR40-256 In-Moure Report July 1980 THE SPECIFICATION OF A DATA BASE MACHINE ARCHITECTURE DEVELOPMENT...ROME AIR DEVELOPME14T CENTER GRIFFISS AFB NY F/6 9/2 THE SPECIFICATION OF A DATA BASE MACHINE ARCHITECTURE DEVELOPME--ETC(U) r UNCLASSIFIED RAUC -TB BR

  8. 14 CFR 63.23 - Special purpose flight engineer and flight navigator certificates: Operation of U.S.-registered...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... purpose flight engineer and flight navigator certificates: Operation of U.S.-registered civil airplanes... flight engineer or flight navigator duties on a civil airplane of U.S. registry, leased to a person not a... certificate holder is performing flight engineer or flight navigator duties on the U.S.-registered...

  9. SPMAGTF-SC of the Future: Creating a Permanent Regionally based Special Purpose MAGTF-Security Cooperation Headquarters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    THE FOREGOING STATEMENT. QUOTATION FROM, ABSTRACTION FROM, OR REPRODUCTION OF ALL OR ANY PART OF THIS DOCUMENT IS PERMITTED PROVIDED PROPER...AFRICAN LION (AFRICOM) • NOBLE SHIRLEY(EUCOM) • AGILE SPIRIT (EUCOM) • UNITAS ATLANTIC (SOUTHCOM) • TRADEWINDS Other Support to GCCs

  10. 41 CFR 102-73.170 - What types of special purpose space may the Department of Agriculture lease?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) FEDERAL MANAGEMENT... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What types of special...) Space for agricultural commodities stored in licensed warehouses and utilized under warehouse...

  11. Family and non-family business differences in Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maret Kirsipuu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to identify differences between family enterprises and non-family enterprises. The concepts of entrepreneurship, entrepreneur and enterprise/business are clarified. The paper contains the results of research conducted by the author among family entrepreneurs in 2007–2012 that can be compared to the research results reached by Wahl (2011. This research demonstrates that there are differences between family entrepreneurs and non-family entrepreneurs, which are primarily caused by that family entrepreneurs value first of all their family members, family traditions and only then profit earning.

  12. Everyday Family Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westerling, Allan

    2010-01-01

    project takes a social psychological approach, combining quantitative and qualitative methods in a longitudinal study of family life. The knowledge interest of the project is the constitution of communality and individuality in everyday family life. This article presents the theoretical framework...... and the conceptualization of everyday family life of the social psychological research agenda in this field. The main line of argument is that ongoing modernization is synonymous with accelerated processes of detraditionalization and individualization. This calls for a re-conceptualisation of ‘the family’ which enables...... researchers to grasp both continuity and change. The article refers to everyday life studies and social psychology and argues that the term ‘family life’ my serve as one stepping stone for transgressing the dichotomy. Furthermore the article unfolds the implications of this framework for the research design...

  13. The Family Startup Program

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trillingsgaard, Tea; Maimburg, Rikke Damkjær; Simonsen, Marianne

    2015-01-01

    Background: Inadequate parenting is an important public health problem with possible severe and long-term consequences related to child development. We have solid theoretical and political arguments in favor of efforts enhancing the quality of the early family environment in the population at large....../design: Participants will be approximately 2500 pregnant women and partners. Inclusion criteria are parental age above 18 and the mother expecting first child. Families are recruited when attending routine pregnancy scans provided as a part of the publicly available prenatal care program at Aarhus University Hospital...... and community resources. The program consists of twelve group sessions, with nine families in each group, continuing from pregnancy until the child is 15 months old. TAU is the publicly available pre- and postnatal care available to families in both conditions. Analyses will employ survey data, administrative...

  14. Familial Mediterranean Fever

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... don't use genetic tests as the sole method of diagnosing familial Mediterranean fever. There's no cure ... may be options, though these treatments are considered experimental. Other medications include rilonacept (Arcalyst) and anakinra (Kineret). ...

  15. Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... have a de novo (new) mutation in the APC gene. Most colorectal cancer is sporadic, meaning it occurs by chance, and ... a mutation in the APC gene. If an APC gene mutation is found, other family members may be ... tumor ...

  16. Familial Periodic Paralyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and less severe than the hypokalemic form. Muscle spasms are common. × Definition Familial periodic paralyses are a ... and less severe than the hypokalemic form. Muscle spasms are common. View Full Definition Treatment Treatment of ...

  17. Children and Families: 1984?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bronfenbrenner, Urie

    1981-01-01

    In order to develop normally, children need emotional involvement and shared activities with one or more adult(s). Public policy in the United States, unlike that of most industrialized societies, is not supportive of family life. (Author/GC)

  18. Unique Family Living Situations

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... be treated with medicine?ResourcesAmerican Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Divorce and Children Last Updated: January 2017 This article was contributed by: familydoctor.org editorial staff Tags: Adolescent, child, Psychiatric and Psychologic Emotional Well-Being, Family ...

  19. Familial Pompe Disease

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tecellioglu, Mehmet; Kamisli, Ozden

    2015-01-01

    .... We present a family with Pompe disease consisting of the asymptomatic mother and two siblings who presented with muscle weakness and respiratory failure and who had been followed-up with a diagnosis...

  20. Benign Familial Infantile Seizures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The history, classification, clinical and EEG features, genetics, differential diagnosis, and outcome of “benign familial infantile seizures” (BFIS are reviewed from the Neurology Department, Bambino Gesu Children Hospital, Rome, Italy.

  1. Families talen en algebra

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asveld, P.R.J.

    1976-01-01

    Operaties op formele talen geven aanleiding tot bijbehorende operatoren op families talen. Bepaalde onderwerpen uit de algebra (universele algebra, tralies, partieel geordende monoiden) kunnen behulpzaam zijn in de studie van verzamelingen van dergelijke operatoren.

  2. Homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dogra A

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available A boy with multiple xanthomatosis with deranged lipid profile consistent with homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia is reported for its rarity and exotic presentation and biochemical abnormalities of lipids in parents.

  3. Everyday Family Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westerling, Allan

    2010-01-01

    What are the implications of ongoing processes of modernization and individualization for social relations in everyday life? This overall research question is the pivotal point in empirical studies at the Centre of Childhood-, Youth- and Family Life Research at Roskilde University. One research...... project takes a social psychological approach, combining quantitative and qualitative methods in a longitudinal study of family life. The knowledge interest of the project is the constitution of communality and individuality in everyday family life. This article presents the theoretical framework...... and the conceptualization of everyday family life of the social psychological research agenda in this field. The main line of argument is that ongoing modernization is synonymous with accelerated processes of detraditionalization and individualization. This calls for a re-conceptualisation of ‘the family’ which enables...

  4. Family Weight School treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nowicka, Paulina; Höglund, Peter; Pietrobelli, Angelo

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the efficacy of a Family Weight School treatment based on family therapy in group meetings with adolescents with a high degree of obesity. METHODS: Seventy-two obese adolescents aged 12-19 years old were referred to a childhood obesity center by pediatricians...... and school nurses and offered a Family Weight School therapy program in group meetings given by a multidisciplinary team. Intervention was compared with an untreated waiting list control group. Body mass index (BMI) and BMI z-scores were calculated before and after intervention. RESULTS: Ninety percent...... group with initial BMI z-score 3.5. CONCLUSIONS: Family Weight School treatment model might be suitable for adolescents with BMI z...

  5. Asbestos: Protect Your Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Related Topics: Asbestos Contact Us Share Protect Your Family How to Identify Materials That May Contain Asbestos ... Improper removal may actually increase your and your family’s exposure to asbestos fibers. Top of Page Asbestos ...

  6. 5. Natural Family Planning

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sitwala

    influencing utilization of Natural Family Planning .... Because of the potential benefits of FP, it is important to any community ... Data was collected over a period of 4 months after approval ..... The DHMT to educate parents on the importance of.

  7. Family Demands, Social Support and Family Functioning in Taiwanese Families Rearing Children with Down Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, C-Y.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Down syndrome (DS) affects not only children but also their families. Much remains to be learned about factors that influence how families of children with DS function, especially families in non-Western populations. The purpose of this cross-sectional, correlational study was to examine how family demographics, family demands and…

  8. Family Demands, Social Support and Family Functioning in Taiwanese Families Rearing Children with Down Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, C-Y.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Down syndrome (DS) affects not only children but also their families. Much remains to be learned about factors that influence how families of children with DS function, especially families in non-Western populations. The purpose of this cross-sectional, correlational study was to examine how family demographics, family demands and…

  9. Familial adenomatous polyposis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, Steffen

    1989-01-01

    of frequent occurrence of premalignant duodenal adenomas. The prognosis is good after prophylactic colectomy in patients without carcinoma. All first degree relatives of affected family members should be examined regularly with proctosigmoidoscopy from the age of ten, and prophylaxis should be organised using...... a national or regional polyposis register. The recent detection of a specific gene for familial adenomatous polyposis is a long step forward, and several problems may be solved by increasing international cooperation....

  10. WOMEN IN FAMILY BUSINESS

    OpenAIRE

    Anshu,

    2012-01-01

    The role of women in family businesses is explored in the paper. Although recognized as generally very important players, the role of women is often defined as invisible in business decision-making, supportive in men’s traditional business domains and only rarelyadequately recognized and rewarded. The paper explores possible differences in the views of men and women who manage small family firms. Their attitudes opposing the traditional business roles ofwomen, different views on managerial, o...

  11. Fixpoints vs Moore Families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhang, Fuyuan; Nielson, Flemming; Nielson, Hanne Riis

    2012-01-01

    of a CTL formula can be described as the least element in a Moore family of acceptable sets of states for the static analysis. Turning the attention to the μ-calculus we are able to generalise this result to the alternation-free fragment whereas even for the fragment of alternation depth 2 we show...... that the fixed point characterisation cannot be recast as a Moore family property....

  12. Familial adenomatous polyposis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, Steffen

    1989-01-01

    Familial adenomatous polyposis is an autosomal dominant disease that includes early development of up to thousands of colorectal adenomas and several extracolonic manifestations. All untreated patients will develop colorectal adenocarcinoma. The treatment of choice is colectomy and ileorectal ana...... a national or regional polyposis register. The recent detection of a specific gene for familial adenomatous polyposis is a long step forward, and several problems may be solved by increasing international cooperation....

  13. Myth of the Perfect Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Spread the Word Shop AAP Find a Pediatrician Family Life Medical Home Family Dynamics Adoption & Foster Care ... Español Text Size Email Print Share The "Perfect" Family Page Content Article Body Is there such a ...

  14. Familial gastric cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bresciani Cláudio

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Familial aggregation of gastric cancer has pointed out to a possible hereditary and genetic factor involved in the carcinogenesis of this disease. The diffuse type gastric cancer patients are frequently younger and the tumor has locally infiltrative growth pattern early in its development. Observation of families with frequent early onset gastric cancer has led to the identification of a novel gene implicated in gastric cancer susceptibility: CDH1/E-cadherin. Diffuse familiar gastric cancer is defined as any family presenting: two first-degree relatives with diffuse gastric cancer, one of them with age under 50 years or at least 3 first-degree relatives irrespective age of onset. CASE REPORT: The family reported by us does not fit in any of the classification proposed. The precise identification of these families by clinical and molecular tools is of great importance. The case reported is an example of a family that probably is a form of hereditary gastric cancer not yet fully understood. CONCLUSION: Soon there will be new criteria, possibly including genetic and molecular characteristics.

  15. [Family, Suicide and Mourning].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garciandía Imaz, José Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Death is an event that always breaks into family life in a surprising way. Of all the deaths, suicide is the one which more strongly questions the functionality of a family and increases the risk of difficulties in the mourning process. Families in which a suicide has occurred are exposed to a greater possibility of disintegration, disorganization and pathological expressions in their members. To present a reduced and circumscribed narrative revision, restricted to examine the relationship between suicide and the mourning process in the family. The suicide of a loved one is an event that may contribute to pathological grief and mental dysfunctions in surviving relatives. Death in the family is a natural phenomenon. However, death by suicide is one of the phenomena that can generate more alterations in the structure and organization of the family, due to the difficulty related to the mourning process. Copyright © 2013 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  16. Familial Fahr disease in a Turkish family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotan, Dilcan; Aygul, Recep

    2009-01-01

    Fahr syndrome refers to a rare syndrome characterized by symmetrical and bilateral intracranial calcification. We present a 42-year-old woman with Fahr disease, but lacking extrapyramidal symptoms or a metabolic disorder. Her neurological examination was normal. Computed tomographic scans demonstrated symmetrical calcification over the basal ganglia, thalamus and cerebellum. No underlying cause for the bilateral calcification was found. When screening other family members, we detected Fahr syndrome in her two daughters and three brothers, revealing that the disease was an autosomal dominant trait. Fahr disease may be clinically asymptomatic, but have pronounced positive brain imaging findings. Computed tomographic scanning remains the most effective screening tool for adult relatives.

  17. No evidence of persisting unrepaired nuclear DNA single strand breaks in distinct types of cells in the brain, kidney, and liver of adult mice after continuous eight-week 50 Hz magnetic field exposure with flux density of 0.1 mT or 1.0 mT.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hubert Korr

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized in the literature that exposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (50 or 60 Hz may lead to human health effects such as childhood leukemia or brain tumors. In a previous study investigating multiple types of cells from brain and kidney of the mouse (Acta Neuropathologica 2004; 107: 257-264, we found increased unrepaired nuclear DNA single strand breaks (nDNA SSB only in epithelial cells of the choroid plexus in the brain using autoradiographic methods after a continuous eight-week 50 Hz magnetic field (MF exposure of adult mice with flux density of 1.5 mT. METHODS: In the present study we tested the hypothesis that MF exposure with lower flux densities (0.1 mT, i.e., the actual exposure limit for the population in most European countries, and 1.0 mT shows similar results to those in the previous study. Experiments and data analysis were carried out in a similar way as in our previous study. RESULTS: Continuous eight-week 50 Hz MF exposure with 0.1 mT or 1.0 mT did not result in increased persisting unrepaired nDNA SSB in distinct types of cells in the brain, kidney, and liver of adult mice. MF exposure with 1.0 mT led to reduced unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS in epithelial cells in the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle in the brain (EC-CP and epithelial cells of the cortical collecting duct in the kidney, as well as to reduced mtDNA synthesis in neurons of the caudate nucleus in the brain and in EC-CP. CONCLUSION: No evidence was found for increased persisting unrepaired nDNA SSB in distinct types of cells in the brain, kidney, and liver of adult mice after continuous eight-week 50 Hz magnetic field exposure with flux density of 0.1 mT or 1.0 mT.

  18. The intersubjectivity of family consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnet, Jeppe Trolle

    This study of everyday consumption is based on an ethnographic fieldwork conducted among four Danish middle-class families in Copenhagen, from which an illustrative example of family car purchase is drawn. By introducing two new concepts to the study of family consumption; intra-family consumer...... identity and family scape, I analyze how family members negotiate purchase decisions, and relate to each other’s preferences and desires, as well as those of other families. I consider how family members' interrelations as consumers and long-term negotiations over symbolic meanings of consumption...

  19. Changing families, changing workplaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, Suzanne M

    2011-01-01

    American families and workplaces have both changed dramatically over the past half-century. Paid work by women has increased sharply, as has family instability. Education-related inequality in work hours and income has grown. These changes, says Suzanne Bianchi, pose differing work-life issues for parents at different points along the income distribution. Between 1975 and 2009, the labor force rate of mothers with children under age eighteen increased from 47.4 percent to 71.6 percent. Mothers today also return to work much sooner after the birth of a child than did mothers half a century ago. High divorce rates and a sharp rise in the share of births to unmarried mothers mean that more children are being raised by a single parent, usually their mother. Workplaces too have changed, observes Bianchi. Today's employees increasingly work nonstandard hours. The well-being of highly skilled workers and less-skilled workers has been diverging. For the former, work hours may be long, but income has soared. For lower-skill workers, the lack of "good jobs" disconnects fathers from family obligations. Men who cannot find work or have low earnings potential are much less likely to marry. For low-income women, many of whom are single parents, the work-family dilemma is how to care adequately for children and work enough hours to support them financially. Jobs for working-class and lower middle-class workers are relatively stable, except in economic downturns, but pay is low, and both parents must work full time to make ends meet. Family income is too high to qualify for government subsidized child care, but too low to afford high-quality care in the private market. These families struggle to have a reasonable family life and provide for their family's economic well-being. Bianchi concludes that the "work and family" problem has no one solution because it is not one problem. Some workers need more work and more money. Some need to take time off around the birth of a child

  20. Family planning Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singarimbun, M

    1968-06-01

    The growth of family planning activities in Indonesia in the Postwar period is traced; and future prospects for family planning are assessed. Transmigration projects initiated by the Dutch and supported by President Sukarno after Indonesian independence as a means of decreasing population pressure on the island of Java, are identified as the only official response to the population problem until 1965. In the face of the government's opposition to the idea of birth control as a population control measure, the activities of the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association (IPPA) after its founding in 1957 were limited to advising mothers on spacing of their children for health reasons. Statements made in support of a national family planning program by government officials at a 1967 IPPA Congress and on other occasions are noted. The major components of an approved national family planning program to start in 1969 are described. However, the government's policy as of late 1967 and early 1968 is characterized as one of mainly benevolent encouragement and help to voluntary organizations. The chief impediment to family planning in Indonesia is said to be a lack of motivation and the force of traditional values that favor large families. On the positive side are: 1) Studies showing considerable interest in birth control by the rural population; 2) A long history of traditional birth control practices; 3) The absence of outright opposition by religious groups to the principle of family planning. However, financial costs, the need for the training of personnel, and a general unawareness of the magnitude of the task lying ahead constitute other formidable obstacles.

  1. Cardiomyopathy, familial dilated

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mestroni Luisa

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM is a heart muscle disease characterized by ventricular dilatation and impaired systolic function. Patients with DCM suffer from heart failure, arrhythmia, and are at risk of premature death. DCM has a prevalence of one case out of 2500 individuals with an incidence of 7/100,000/year (but may be under diagnosed. In many cases the disease is inherited and is termed familial DCM (FDC. FDC may account for 20–48% of DCM. FDC is principally caused by genetic mutations in FDC genes that encode for cytoskeletal and sarcomeric proteins in the cardiac myocyte. Family history analysis is an important tool for identifying families affected by FDC. Standard criteria for evaluating FDC families have been published and the use of such criteria is increasing. Clinical genetic testing has been developed for some FDC genes and will be increasingly utilized for evaluating FDC families. Through the use of family screening by pedigree analysis and/or genetic testing, it is possible to identify patients at earlier, or even presymptomatic stages of their disease. This presents an opportunity to invoke lifestyle changes and to provide pharmacological therapy earlier in the course of disease. Genetic counseling is used to identify additional asymptomatic family members who are at risk of developing symptoms, allowing for regular screening of these individuals. The management of FDC focuses on limiting the progression of heart failure and controlling arrhythmia, and is based on currently accepted treatment guidelines for DCM. It includes general measures (salt and fluid restriction, treatment of hypertension, limitation of alcohol intake, control of body weight, moderate exercise and pharmacotherapy. Cardiac resynchronization, implantable cardioverter defibrillators and left ventricular assist devices have progressively expanding usage. Patients with severe heart failure, severe reduction of the functional capacity and depressed

  2. Familial pancreatic cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, A P; Hruban, R H; Brune, K A; Petersen, G M; Goggins, M

    2001-01-01

    Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in both men and women in the United States and will be responsible for an estimated 28,900 deaths in 2001. Relatively little is known of its etiology, and the only well-established risk factor is cigarette smoking. Studies over the past 3 decades have shown that 4%-16% of patients with pancreatic cancer have a family history of the disease. A small fraction of this aggregation can be accounted for in inherited cancer syndromes, including familial atypical multiple-mole melanoma, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, hereditary breast-ovarian cancer, hereditary pancreatitis, and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer. These syndromes arise as a result of germline mutations in the BRCA2, pl6 (familial atypical multiple-mole melanoma), mismatch repair (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer), and STK11 (Peutz-Jeghers syndrome) genes. In addition, hereditary plays a role in predisposing certain patients with apparently sporadic pancreatic cancer. Many patients with pancreatic cancers caused by a germline mutation in a cancer-causing gene do not have a pedigree that is suggestive of a familial cancer syndrome. A recent prospective analysis of the pedigrees in the National Familial Pancreatic Tumor Registry found that individuals with a family history of pancreatic cancer in multiple first-degree relatives have a high risk of pancreatic cancer themselves. The identification of such high-risk individuals will help clinicians target screening programs and develop preventive interventions with the hope of reducing the mortality of pancreatic cancer in these families.

  3. Opportunity NYC--Family Rewards: Qualitative Study of Family Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraker, Carolyn A.; Greenberg, David

    2011-01-01

    Aimed at low-income families in six of New York City's highest-poverty communities, the Family Rewards program ties cash rewards to a pre-specified set of activities. This paper presents the qualitative findings from interviews with 77 families. It examines how families incorporated the program into their households, and specifically the…

  4. Engaging Families in In-Home Family Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Ronald W.; Koley, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    Boys Town has created a program called In-Home Family Services to deliver help to families in stress. In-home family intervention programs have become widely used to help more families who are at risk and experiencing difficulties with a wide range of problems including domestic violence, child behavior problems, parent-child and family…

  5. Acculturation gaps in Vietnamese immigrant families: Impact on family relationships

    OpenAIRE

    Ho, Joyce; Birman, Dina

    2010-01-01

    Vietnamese immigrants in the United States face acculturation challenges involving the individual, family, and community. Experts suggest that immigrant family members acculturate at different rates resulting in an acculturation gap, which negatively influences family adjustment. In this study we examined the degree and patterns of acculturation differences between 104 first generation immigrant Vietnamese adolescents and their parents, and whether acculturation gap affected family relationsh...

  6. Family environment patterns in families with bipolar children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belardinelli, Cecilia; Hatch, John P; Olvera, Rene L; Fonseca, Manoela; Caetano, Sheila C; Nicoletti, Mark; Pliszka, Steven; Soares, Jair C

    2008-04-01

    We studied the characteristics of family functioning in bipolar children and healthy comparison children. We hypothesized that the family environment of bipolar children would show greater levels of dysfunction as measured by the Family Environment Scale (FES). We compared the family functioning of 36 families that included a child with DSM-IV bipolar disorder versus 29 comparison families that included only healthy children. All subjects and their parents were assessed with the K-SADS-PL interview. The parents completed the FES to assess their current family functioning. Multivariate analysis of variance was used to compare the family environment of families with and without offspring with bipolar disorder. Parents of bipolar children reported lower levels of family cohesion (pparents with no bipolar children. Secondary analyses within the bipolar group revealed lower levels of organization (p=0.031) and cohesion (p=0.014) in families where a parent had a history of mood disorders compared to families where parents had no history of mood disorders. Length of illness in the affected child was inversely associated with family cohesion (r=-0.47, p=0.004). Due to the case-control design of the study, we cannot comment on the development of these family problems or attribute their cause specifically to child bipolar disorder. Families with bipolar children show dysfunctional patterns related to interpersonal interactions and personal growth. A distressed family environment should be addressed when treating children with bipolar disorder.

  7. Engaging Families in In-Home Family Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Ronald W.; Koley, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    Boys Town has created a program called In-Home Family Services to deliver help to families in stress. In-home family intervention programs have become widely used to help more families who are at risk and experiencing difficulties with a wide range of problems including domestic violence, child behavior problems, parent-child and family…

  8. Acculturation gaps in Vietnamese immigrant families: Impact on family relationships

    OpenAIRE

    Ho, Joyce; Birman, Dina

    2010-01-01

    Vietnamese immigrants in the United States face acculturation challenges involving the individual, family, and community. Experts suggest that immigrant family members acculturate at different rates resulting in an acculturation gap, which negatively influences family adjustment. In this study we examined the degree and patterns of acculturation differences between 104 first generation immigrant Vietnamese adolescents and their parents, and whether acculturation gap affected family relationsh...

  9. Use of family management styles in family intervention research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alderfer, Melissa A

    2006-01-01

    Family management styles (FMSs) explain some of the complexities embedded in a family with a child who has chronic illness. The FMS typologies provide descriptions of family adjustment and management of care. These 5 distinct patterns may be valuable in tailoring and evaluating family interventions in research.

  10. 75 FR 9247 - Single Family Mortgage Insurance Premium, Single Family

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Single Family Mortgage Insurance Premium, Single Family AGENCY: Office of the Chief... the Single Family Premium Collection Subsystem-Upfront (SFPCS-U) to remit the upfront premium to... manage and process upfront single family mortgage insurance premium collections and corrections to submit...

  11. Education, Parenting and Family: The Social Geographies of Family Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wainwright, Emma; Marandet, Elodie

    2017-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between education, parenting and family through the prism and particularities of family learning. Family learning is an example of an educational initiative, primarily aimed at parents and linked to wider policy concerns, which can be explored through a mapping of its social geographies; family learning is…

  12. Sustainability of Rural Family Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maret Kirsipuu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Family enterprises have been researched in traditional, stable market economies, to a lesser extent also in former socialist economies. A special focus has been on family enterprises’ sustainability and it has been discovered that one of the main pain spots is the change of generation related problems. Family enterprises can be sustainable only when they are prepared for a generation change. Family business culture and family traditions in Estonia have been broken. After Estonia regained independence in 1991, entrepreneurs started to restore previous farms and wished to continue family traditions of their ancestors; entrepreneurship started to develop and many people, especially in rural areas, started a family business. In 2012, these family entrepreneurs have a choice to make how to ensure that their family business will stay sustainable, how to pass family business over to their descendants so that the family business traditions won’t cease. This paper seeks to analyse factors that inhibit sustainability of family enterprises. The data sources are special scientific literature and the questionnaire surveys and interviews with family entrepreneurs conducted by the author over 2007−2011. It is possible to ensure that a family enterprise is sustainable only when the family entrepreneurs are prepared for the generation change. The present and future family entrepreneurs in Estonia can get information from this paper about the problems that may arise in connection with the generation change and knowledge to ensure sustainability of their family business.

  13. WOMEN IN FAMILY BUSINESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr Anshu

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The role of women in family businesses is explored in the paper. Although recognized as generally very important players, the role of women is often defined as invisible in business decision-making, supportive in men’s traditional business domains and only rarelyadequately recognized and rewarded. The paper explores possible differences in the views of men and women who manage small family firms. Their attitudes opposing the traditional business roles ofwomen, different views on managerial, ownership and transition issues and possible gender discrimination are examined. The findings support the paradigm of a different, more feminine style of management, while signs of discrimination are not clearly revealed. This paper is based on a research intended to provide acomparative analysis of the status of women entrepreneurs and men entrepreneurs in Family Business in India. It first draws demographic & psychographic profiles of women and men entrepreneurs in family business, identifies & addresses operational problems faced by women and men entrepreneurs in family business, draws theirinclination for future plans for growth and expansion and also for the furtherance of research on women entrepreneurs in India.

  14. Familial pituitary adenomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandeva, S; Vasilev, V; Vroonen, L; Naves, L; Jaffrain-Rea, M-L; Daly, A F; Zacharieva, S; Beckers, A

    2010-12-01

    Pituitary adenomas are benign intracranial neoplasms that present a major clinical concern because of hormonal overproduction or compression symptoms of adjacent structures. Most arise in a sporadic setting with a small percentage developing as a part of familial syndromes such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), Carney complex (CNC), and the recently described familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA) and MEN-4. While the genetic alterations responsible for the formation of sporadic adenomas remain largely unknown, considerable advances have been made in defining culprit genes in these familial syndromes. Mutations in MEN1 and PRKAR1A genes are found in the majority of MEN1 and CNC patients, respectively. About 15% of FIPA kindreds present with mutations of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) gene. Mutations in the CDKN1B gene, encoding p27(Kip)¹ were identified in MEN4 cases. Familial tumours appear to differ from their sporadic counterparts not only in genetic basis but also in clinical characteristics. Evidence suggests that, especially in MEN1 and FIPA, they are more aggressive and affect patients at younger age, therefore justifying the importance of early diagnosis. In this review, we summarize the genetic and clinical characteristics of these familial pituitary adenomas.

  15. [The LDL receptor family].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meilinger, Melinda

    2002-12-29

    The members of the LDL receptor family are structurally related endocytic receptors. Our view on these receptors has considerably changed in recent years. Not only have new members of the family been identified, but also several interesting observations have been published concerning the biological function of these molecules. The LDL receptor family members are able to bind and internalize a plethora of ligands; as a consequence, they play important roles in diverse physiological processes. These receptors are key players in the lipoprotein metabolism, vitamin homeostasis, Ca2+ homeostasis, cell migration, and embryonic development. Until recently, LDL receptor family members were thought to be classic endocytic receptors that provide cells with metabolites on one hand, while regulating the concentration of their ligands in the extracellular fluids on the other hand. However, recent findings indicate that in addition to their cargo transport function, LDL receptor family members can act as signal transducers, playing important roles in the development of the central nervous system or the skeleton. Better understanding of physiological and pathophysiological functions of these molecules may open new avenues for the treatment or prevention of many disorders.

  16. Family focused nursing education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. A. E. Thompson

    1993-05-01

    Full Text Available At the present time the majority of nurse education programmes are firmly tied to the perspectives of curative medicine within hospitals - they are disease and hospital oriented. This model, which indicates a 'sickness’ concept of nursing is entirely inappropriate if contemporary and future health care needs are to be met. The shift in education should be towards a health, family and whole person centered approach. The family is the most fundamental and dynamic unit in society with a profound influence upon its members. Besides performing a variety of other functions, the family has a central role in promoting and maintaining the health of its members. Because the family unit is the microcosm of society and accurately reflects the needs of society at large it is appropriate that this should be a key area of experience. Family attachments during training provide opportunities for close and committed contact with people in their everyday world and for learning what is really important to them.

  17. Understanding Family Interaction Patterns in Families With Alzheimer's Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaber, Patricia; Blair, Kate; Jost, Ellen; Schaffer, Molly; Thurner, Emily

    2016-01-01

    This qualitative study explores the dynamic changes that occur in family interaction patterns when Alzheimer's disease is present. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 participants who have a family member with the disease. Using modified analytic induction, guided by the dimensions of the Family Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation (FIRO) Model, participants shared how Alzheimer's disease affected family structure, control dynamics, and intimacy among family members. Findings demonstrate that (a) families reorganize and restructure based on geographic proximity and shifting roles, act out of filial responsibility, and strive to preserve shared meanings and rituals; (b) decision making increases around care of the person with Alzheimer's disease and shifts to the primary caregiver or other family members based on their abilities; and (c) expressions of intimacy intensify while personality is preserved in the person with the disease. The Family FIRO model can inform practitioners using family-centered care with families with Alzheimer's disease.

  18. Understanding family member suicide narratives by investigating family history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratnarajah, Dorothy; Maple, Myfanwy; Minichiello, Victor

    2014-01-01

    The complex family environments in which a suicide death had previously occurred were explored in a qualitative study of narratives of suicide-bereaved participants. The participants searched for reasons why the suicide occurred in their family. Family patterning stories and the context of the environment in which the suicide death occurred provided an additional depth of meaning into the relational aspects of the family. Fractured families emerged as an important theme. Shared in the narratives were stories of conditions within the family that may have contributed to vulnerability towards persistent negative feelings about their lives, their family, and their future. The study also identifies the strengths of family culture that led to resilience in the suicide bereaved. These stories highlight the importance of support for those bereaved by the suicide of a close family member and the issues that places people in vulnerable situations that perhaps may explain the increased risk of suicide for those bereaved family members.

  19. Effect of Danshen aqueous extract on serum hs-CRP, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α levels, and IL-10 mRNA, TNF-α mRNA expression levels, cerebral TGF-β1 positive expression level and its neuroprotective mechanisms in CIR rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Xue-Yun; Li, Hai-Ning; Yang, Xiao-Yan; Zhou, Wen-Yan; Niu, Jian-Guo; Chen, Ben-Dong

    2013-04-01

    To observe the effects of Danshen aqueous extract (DSAE) on the cerebral tissue and nerve stem cells in cerebral ischemia reperfusion (CIR) rats. The model rats were prepared by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery for 2 h and then by reperfusion. They were randomly divided into five groups: a control group, an CIR group and three DSAE-treated groups. As compared with the sham control group, there was significant increase (P hs-CRP) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels, interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels, and IL-10 mRNA, TNF-α mRNA expression levels, function score, Infarct size, TUNEL + cell counts, cerebral transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) positive expression and cerebral neuron specific enolase (NSE) levels, and decrease in fas-associated protein with death domain (FADD) and death-associated protein (Daxx) positive expression levels in the CIR group. Compared with CIR group, DSAE treatment dose-dependently significantly decreased serum hs-CRP, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α levels, and IL-10 mRNA, TNF-α mRNA expression levels, function score, Infarct size, TUNEL + cell counts, cerebral TGF-β1 positive expression and cerebral NSE levels, and increase FADD and Daxx positive expression levels in the CIR + DSAE groups. Taken together, these results suggest that DSAE has a neuroprotective role in the CIR rats, which may be related to improvement of immunity function, proteins and genes expression.

  20. Fostering families' and children's rights to family connections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landsman, Miriam J; Boel-Studt, Sharma

    2011-01-01

    Recent federal legislation strengthens children's and families' rights to family-centered practice by increasing the responsibility of child welfare agencies to identify and engage extended family members in providing care and support to children placed out of the home. Preliminary results from an experimental study of a federally funded family finding project found greater involvement of family, kin, and informal supports and a higher likelihood of reunification or relative placement compared with standard child welfare services.

  1. Dignifying families at risk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villumsen, Anne Marie Anker

    2017-01-01

    Workshop på konference: Through the voices of families at risk, the aim of the presentation is to display how a change in caseworker approach and municipal organization can dignify families at risk and create change in the families’ experiences of collaboration, agency and of self. Qualitative...... adult who handles the financials and one (or more) from child protection. Most likely, the several different caseworkers from different departments are combined with different professionals related to the different initiatives launched by the different departments. Therefore, it is not unrealistic...... measures the idea is to enable these families away from being at risk. Grad af anerkendelse: International Links: http://ifsweurope2017.yourhost.is/workshops/...

  2. Families from Supergroups

    CERN Document Server

    Barr, S M

    2016-01-01

    As was shown in 1984 by Caneschi, Farrar, and Schwimmer, decomposing representations of the supergroup SU(M|N), can give interesting anomaly-free sets of fermion representations of SU(M) x SU(N) x U(1). It is shown here that such groups can be used to construct realistic grand unified models with non-abelian gauged family symmetries. A particularly simple three-family example based on SU(5) x SU(2) x U(1) is studied. The forms of the mass matrices, including that of the right-handed neutrinos, are determined in terms of SU(2) Clebsch coefficients. Models of this type would have a rich phenomenology if part of the family symmetry is broken near the electroweak scale.

  3. Familial gigantiform cementoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Won Jeong; Kim, Eun Kyung [Dankook Univ. School of Dentistry, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-09-15

    Familial gigantiform cementoma is a rate fibro-cemento-osseous disease of the jaws which appears to be transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait with variable expressivity of the phenotype. A 7-year-old girl visited DKUDH complaining of the painless facial deformity. Clinically, significant facie-lingual expansion was observed at the left maxilla, left mandibular body and symphysis portion. Malposition of lower anterior teeth was found. Panoramic radiograph and CT scan showed the extensive expandile mixed lesion at maxilla and mandible. Bone scan revealed hot spot at the maxilla and left side of mandible. Histologic examination revealed moderately dense fibrous connective tissue with scattered masses resembling cementum. The patient's mother had a history of the mandibular resection due to benign tumor. Her younger brother had buccal expansion of right mandible. We report our finding of a family that has exhibited clinical, radiographic and histologic findings consistent with the familial gigantiform dementoma.

  4. Innovation in Family Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filser, Matthias; Brem, Alexander; Gast, Johanna

    2016-01-01

    Over the past decade, research on innovation in family firms has received growing attention by scholars and practitioners around the globe with a wide range of aspects explored within the current body of literature. Despite the constantly growing number of scientific publications, research lacks...... a comprehensive and critical review of past and present research achievements. First, conducting a bibliometric analysis with a focus on innovation in family firms, we identify five topical clusters that help to understand the foundations of recent findings: namely ownership and governance, structural settings......, organizational culture and behaviour, resources, and innovation and strategy. Second, based on a thorough literature review the major research avenues are reflected. The comparison of the results of both analyses showed the following areas for future research on family firm innovation: members‘ individual human...

  5. Family ties and residential locations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, C.H.; Cooke, T.J.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, and in the Special Issue it introduces, the focus is on the role of family ties in residential location choice and, conversely, the role of residential locations in maintaining family ties. Not only do events in the nuclear family trigger residential relocations, but nearby family mem

  6. Gendered Discourse about Family Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danes, Sharon M.; Haberman, Heather R.; McTavish, Donald

    2005-01-01

    Language patterns of family business owners were explored by identifying discourse styles and emphasized ideas in four presenting contexts: business, family, intersection of family and business, and business success. The content analysis supports the existence of a general discourse style within family businesses and of similarities and…

  7. 75 FR 63753 - Family Offices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-18

    ... family, provides advice to a broader group of clients and much more resembles the business model common... investment advisory business, and not a family managing its own wealth. 2. Ownership and Control We propose... feature helped distinguish these family offices from the family-run investment advisory businesses...

  8. The intersubjectivity of family consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linnet, Jeppe Trolle

    This study of everyday consumption is based on an ethnographic fieldwork conducted among four Danish middle-class families in Copenhagen, from which an illustrative example of family car purchase is drawn. By introducing two new concepts to the study of family consumption; intra-family consumer...

  9. APPROACH TO SMALL FAMILY NORM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nonibala

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Idea of approach to maintain small family norm in the family and so to the society is the hope for almost all of the couples as the saying -"Small family is a happy family". And every couple always thinks and plan for a safer and better future.

  10. APPROACH TO SMALL FAMILY NORM

    OpenAIRE

    Nonibala

    2014-01-01

    The Idea of approach to maintain small family norm in the family and so to the society is the hope for almost all of the couples as the saying -"Small family is a happy family". And every couple always thinks and plan for a safer and better future.

  11. FAMily-Oriented Support (FAMOS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Salem, Hanin; Johansen, Christoffer; Schmiegelow, Kjeld

    2017-01-01

    by tracking procedures and parents’ evaluations. Results: A total of 68 families (68 mothers, 60 fathers, 68 children with cancer and 73 siblings) were enrolled, with a participation rate of 62% of families. Fathers were highly represented (88% of families); also families with single parents (12%) and parents...

  12. The Economy, Families and Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williamson, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    The recession has impacted American families and the schools their children attend like nothing in recent memory. Many families continue to struggle with the impact of joblessness. The number of homeless children and youth is staggering. Families struggle with access to health care, growing hunger and greater instability in the family unit.…

  13. 解密"family"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王松海

    2009-01-01

    @@ 小朋友们,你一定熟悉"family"这个单词吧,它的意思是"家,家庭".提起它,你是否会想到自己的爸爸和妈妈呢?为什么?因为"family"这个单词本身就包含了爸爸和妈妈,而且还表达了对他们的爱呢!下面就听我细细地为你解读吧!

  14. My Family s Looks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯耀南

    2006-01-01

    I have a happy family.There are three people in my family: My mother, my father and I. Let me tell you about my family’s looks: My father has short straight hair and bright black eyes. He is medium build and he is very tall. He is such a good teacher that all of us love and respect him. He likes telling jokes. He never stops talking. I love my hand- some father just because he loves me. My mother is a kind and gentle woman. She has long curly fair hair. She is tall and slim. I think she is beautiful. But no...

  15. FAMILY DISORGANISATION AND CHILDREN

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. V.N. Sreekumar

    2017-01-01

    Abstract                           The family is based on and supports primary relations. It provides Very serious especially if the parents don't get along, Insecurity, instability, problems in school, at home, etc. Counseling is always helpful, someone non-biased so the child feels they can trust someone. Children that come from broken families will most likely have a difficult time in life, struggle and turn to drug abuse or other negative behavior. Some kids get made fun of and have ...

  16. Familial hemicrania continua.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weatherall, Mark W; Bahra, Anish

    2011-01-01

    There are now three known causative genes for familial hemiplegic migraine and increasing evidence to support a genetic predisposition to the more common types of migraine with and without aura, and for cluster headache. We present the first reported case of familial hemicrania continua. A mother and daughter developed hemicrania continua at the same time of life. Both showed an absolute response to indometacin and at similar doses. Both also suffered from migraine with aura. We discuss the increasing support for a genetic predisposition to dysfunction of the pain system within the brain manifesting as primary headache.

  17. Contemporary family life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Viala, Eva Silberschmidt

    2011-01-01

    Based on a longitudinal interview-study of ten heterosexual couples and first-time parents, in Denmark the author argues that addressing contemporary everyday family life as a joint venture with contradictions contribute new insights into the complexities, contradictions, and ambiguities linked...... of complementary gender roles as well as in new understandings of gender equality based on ideals of mutual trust, respect and support. As a result, it is important to investigate how parenthood, family life and parental roles are constantly reflected upon and reproduced, negotiated and transformed through...

  18. OCULAR COLOBAMATA IN A FAMILY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheetal

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To identify the proportion of cases affected in a family with ocular colobamata . MATERIAL: Ocular colobomata present in a family METHOD: Visual acuity, Slit lamp examination, Ophthalmoscopy, Fundus Photography, B - Scan, Family members were examined. RESULTS: Family showed poor visual acuity, Iris and Choridal Coloboma without optic disc involvement and normal corneal diameter. CONCLUSION: Ocular coloboma occurring in patients of my study is family and genetically determined.

  19. Another way to teach family: family nursing game

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Sílvia Neves da Nova Fernandes

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Current paper describes the application of an innovative strategy to teach family, within a hospital context, by sensitizing nurses on the family subject through the use of a game. Given the hospitalization of a relative, the family faces changes in its dynamics caused by the crisis it is exposed to. It is the relevance for including the family within the care process. Since nurses are expected to assume a key role for which they need specific competence to intervene in families when experiencing an eventual crisis. The in-service education becomes a strategy of generating new skills and enhances human capital to improve the quality of nursing care. Considering the importance of including family in the care context, a playful tool called Family Nursing Game has been invented for teaching the family, especially by passing a model of family intervention. The strategy is based on the belief of the existence of relationship between game and learning.

  20. Crowding and Family Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Booth, Alan; Edwards, John N.

    1976-01-01

    The effect of household and neighborhood crowding on the relations between spouses, those between parents and children, and the relations among children are examined; a sample of urban families residing in conditions ranging from open to highly compressed provided the data for the investigation and multiple regression was used to analyze the…

  1. Serving Migrant Families, 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliver, Barbara, Ed.

    The directory describes services provided to migratory agricultural workers and their families, through the governmental and nongovernmental agencies interested in and responsible for their well-being. Agencies are grouped into: (1) United States government agencies, (2) North Carolina State government agencies, and (3) private organizations.…

  2. Family Sequencing and Cooperation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grundel, S.; Ciftci, B.B.; Borm, P.E.M.; Hamers, H.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    To analyze the allocation problem of the maximal cost savings of the whole group of jobs, we define and analyze a so-called corresponding cooperative family sequencing game which explicitly takes into account the maximal cost savings for any coalition of jobs. Using nonstandard techniques we prove t

  3. Families of Parabolas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, John E.

    1992-01-01

    Explores families of parabolas that result from the graphs of quadratic functions. Computer software allows students to quickly depict a series of graphs and make conjectures about emerging patterns. Discusses cases in different parameters in the quadratic are varied to produce different effects in which the parabolas. (MDH)

  4. It Takes a Family

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2007-11-01

    This podcast follows an African American man with diabetes and his family as they discuss living healthfully with diabetes.  Created: 11/1/2007 by National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP), a joint program of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health.   Date Released: 11/12/2007.

  5. Family Feathers. [Videotape Series].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999

    Family Feathers is a set of 18 videotapes for parents of preschool children, created by the Alaska Native Home Base Video Project of the Tlingit and Haida Head Start Program. This series offers culturally relevant solutions to the challenges of parenting, drawing on practical advice from Tlingit and Haida parents, wisdom from elders, and some of…

  6. A Family of Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ 一、故事内容 There is a family of mice in my house. They are father mouse, mother mouse and baby mouse. Baby mouse likes dancing. He is very cute. Father mouse likes watching TV. He likes the sports on TV best. These three mice are clever.

  7. The Pycnogonid family Austrodecidae

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stock, J.H.

    1957-01-01

    DE PYCNOGONIDEN- FAMILIE AUSTRODECIDAE Toen mij, in 1954, uit Oslo een verzameling Pycnogonida van de „Norwegian Scientific Expedition to Tristan da Cunda 1937—1938“ ter bewerking werd opgezonden, kon ik niet vermoeden dat deze kleine collectie aanleiding zou geven tot een uitgebreide revisie van ee

  8. Family Play Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariel, Shlomo

    This paper examines a case study of family play therapy in Israel. The unique contributions of play therapy are evaluated including the therapy's accessibility to young children, its richness and flexibility, its exposure of covert patterns, its wealth of therapeutic means, and its therapeutic economy. The systematization of the therapy attempts…

  9. Families and Communities (Bookalogues).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Miriam; Nash, Marcia F.

    1993-01-01

    Presents brief reviews of 26 picture books, chapter books, and informational books that deal with families and/or communities. Notes that the picture books and chapter books cover a wide variety of genres including poetry, realistic fiction, and fantasy and that the informational books have a variety of formats, with the "photo essay" dominating.…

  10. Aging and the Family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, C. Roberta

    1984-01-01

    Discusses emotional, social, medical, and nutritional needs of older people, and stresses the need for education of the families of the elderly and the need for a coordinated approach to service delivery to this population. In this way, maximum independence of the aged can be achieved. (NRJ)

  11. Not Your Family Farm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenopir, Carol; Baker, Gayle; Grogg, Jill E.

    2007-01-01

    The information industry continues to consolidate, just as agribusiness has consolidated and now dominates farming. Both the family farm and the small information company still exist but are becoming rarer in an age of mergers, acquisitions, and increased economies of scale. Small companies distinguish themselves by high quality, special themes,…

  12. Family Constellations in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Puur; L. Sakkeus; N. Schenk (Niels); A. Põldma

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThe importance of one’s family in times of need is unquestionable. Young children rely on their parents for proper living conditions, who in turn receive help from their aging parents in raising and caring for their children. There also comes a time when elderly parents themselves requir

  13. Family, Friends and Fertility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Balbo, Nicoletta Franca Germana

    2012-01-01

    In deze dissertatie wordt een belangrijke nieuwe verklaring van vruchtbaarheidsgedrag ontwikkeld. De nadruk in deze nieuwe benadering ligt op het meso-niveau, dus op factoren die relatie hebben met het netwerk van de informele relaties die iemand deelt met familie en vrienden (d.w.z. het sociale

  14. Familial Crouzon syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y Samatha

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Crouzon syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition of the craniosynostotic syndromes without syndactyly and with various dentofacial anomalies. Craniosynostosis, maxillary hypoplasia, shallow orbits, ocular proptosis and hypertelorism are the characteristic features of Crouzon syndrome. This report describes the variable clinical features in affected individuals over two generations of a family with dentofacial deformities and review of literature.

  15. Familial Brain Arteriovenous Malformations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Researchers at University Medical Centre Utrecht, the Netherlands, reviewed the literature on patients with familial brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs, and their age, sex, and clinical presentation were compared with those in population-based patients with sporadic BAVMs.

  16. The family Planococcaceae

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Shivaji, S.; Srinivas, T.N.R.; Reddy, G.S.N.

    , Ureibacillus, and Viridibacillus Members of the family are Gram-variable, spore forming or nonspore forming, and motile or nonmotile; morphology varies from trichomes in case of Caryophanon, filamentous in case of Filibacter to rods or rod-cocci, or spherical...

  17. The colpitts oscillator family

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindberg, Erik; Murali, K.; Tamasevicius, A.

    A tutorial study of the Colpitts oscillator family defined as all oscillators based on a nonlinear amplifier and a three- terminal linear resonance circuit with one coil and two capacitors. The original patents are investigated. The eigenvalues of the linearized Jacobian for oscillators based...

  18. [Return to the family].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouaidou, N G

    1993-08-01

    Sahelian countries occupy an inglorious place in the global list of human development. The human development index is superior to the gross national product (GNP) at measuring the progress of a country in terms of development, because it includes income, longevity, and educational level. The highest ranked Sahelian country holds the 114th position out of a 173 countries. The low human development index scores for the Sahel reflects the socioeconomic crisis which has overcome these countries. In 1991, only 3 of 9 Sahelian countries had a mean GP equal or superior to US$500. Just 2 countries had a life expectancy greater than 50 years. In fact, the Sahel had a lower life expectancy than all of Africa (50 years) and much lower than Asia (64 years) and Latin America (67 years). The economic crisis is worse than the cold statistics show. It destabilizes the most disadvantaged populations. The pressure it exerts often leads public authorities to adopt unpopular measures. It depreciates some sociocultural values and disintegrates traditional social structures. It is accentuated by the effects of war and drought. Internal and external migration increases even as urban hope is uncertain. For most people, the family (the traditional framework of individual development) is ready to break apart, leaving only a disincarnate nuclear entity to subsist. Yet, African history is built around the extended family: the place of reproduction, production, distribution, formation, management, perpetuation of demographic behavior, and social control. Senegal and Mali have created ministries which invest in families. The Third African Conference on Population, in 1992, chose its theme to be the relationship between family, population, and sustainable development. It is important to return to the natural or primordial framework--family--as a refuge against the economic crisis.

  19. Transfers of Family Businesses to Non-Family Buyers - The Selling Business Family Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Sten, Jan

    2006-01-01

    This study focuses on business families and how they handle transitions such as business transfers. It also tries to shift the balance of research away from successions and towards business transfers as a key topic for family business researchers. In addition, it contributes to the family business research field by further highlighting the importance of the various different contributions in the family business from business family members other than the entrepreneurial founder. Based on ...

  20. Changes in modern family life and the transformation of the family and family life in Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Milivojević, Snežana M.

    2014-01-01

    The theoretical framework of this topic can be built on an analysis of the following issues: developmental changes in the family; the transformation of the function of a modern family; changes in the structure of families and relationships among its members; the transition model of marriage and parenting; the impact of social, economic, and demographic factors on the transformation of the family. Review of the prospects for the future development of the family points out the changes in marria...

  1. İzmir Körfezi (Ege Denizi yüzey tabakalarında (0-10 m Hydromedusae populasyonu ve Aglaura hemistoma Péron ve Lesueur, 1810 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa'nın dağılımı.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman Mavili

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Türkiye kıyılarında ve Ege Denizi’nde Hydromedusae üyelerinin dağılımı ile ilgili yeterli bilgi bulunmaz. Bu çalışmada Aglaura hemistoma (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa İzmir Körfezi’nde ilk kez araştırılmıştır. İnceleme materyali, körfezin en iç kesiminden körfez ağzına kadar dağılan istasyonlarda 10 m derinlikten yüzeye kadar dikey örneklemelerle Nisan ayında toplanmıştır

  2. Family size effects: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, M E; Schubert, H J; Schubert, D S

    1985-03-01

    Larger families are more frequent with early marriage and rapid birth of the first child. In larger families, child rearing becomes more rule ridden, less individualized, with corporal punishment and less investment of resources. Smaller families tend to result in higher IQ, academic achievement, and occupational performance. Large families produce more delinquents and alcoholics. Perinatal morbidity and mortality rates are higher in large families as birth weights decrease. Mothers of large families are at higher risk of several physical diseases. Common methodological errors are indicated and exemplary studies are described.

  3. Children's Views on Family Communications in Families with their ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mrs Afam

    Children in many families have witnessed or experienced family violence, disunity, conflicts, extreme deprivation, and malnutrition. The extent children view ... in order to find out the relative opinion, belief, attitude and status of that population.

  4. Study of a family that overcomes poverty issues: family resilience?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ángela Mattar Yunes

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Generally, researches with families focus the difficulties and the negative aspects of family life by bringing up their maladjustments and failures. The interest in family resilience contributes to change this logic by demonstrating the healthy aspects of the family world. Nevertheless, the term resilience presents ideological controversies which are more severe when the discussion is about families and poverty. In order to diminish these contradictions this study adopted a systemic concept of resilience which refers to “those processes that make possible to overcome adversities”. A case study was realized with a low income family who lived in a “very poor” neighborhood in the deep south of Brazil. The methodological strategies to the formal investigation of the family were: life history of the family using the principles of reflexive interview, genograms and data analyses through the approach of the grounded theory. The results showed that the family lived a number of risk experiences such as adoption, privation of basic needs, migration and diseases. Among the indicators of their abilities of “overcoming adversities”, emerged the belief system as the core of the discourses. The family showed that they value the interpersonal relationships through intra and extra familiar interactions based in the patterns of help, learning, affection and solidarity. During the crisis the family gives meaning to the difficulties in order to maintaining the situation controlled through cohesion, open communication, mutual respect and getting support of the extended family/ social network. The pos-adversity period is perceived as benefic and transforming as the family feels stronger and with feelings of solidarity, which is a mark of this family. Their attitude in relation to the neighborhood is active in the sense of promoting the welfare of other families who live in the same social address. Would those above identified processes be adequate to

  5. Enhancing family resilience through family narrative co-construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltzman, William R; Pynoos, Robert S; Lester, Patricia; Layne, Christopher M; Beardslee, William R

    2013-09-01

    We draw upon family resilience and narrative theory to describe an evidence-based method for intervening with military families who are impacted by multiple wartime deployments and psychological, stress-related, or physical parental injuries. Conceptual models of familial resilience provide a guide for understanding the mechanics of how families respond and recover from exposure to extreme events, and underscore the role of specific family processes and interaction patterns in promoting resilient capabilities. Leading family theorists propose that the family's ability to make meaning of stressful and traumatic events and nurture protective beliefs are critical aspects of resilient adaptation. We first review general theoretical and empirical research contributions to understanding family resilience, giving special attention to the circumstances, challenges, needs, and strengths of American military families. Therapeutic narrative studies illustrate the processes through which family members acquire meaning-making capacities, and point to the essential role of parents' in facilitating discussions of stressful experiences and co-constructing coherent and meaningful narratives. This helps children to make sense of these experiences and develop capacities for emotion regulation and coping. Family-based narrative approaches provide a structured opportunity to elicit parents' and children's individual narratives, assemble divergent storylines into a shared family narrative, and thereby enhance members' capacity to make meaning of stressful experiences and adopt beliefs that support adaptation and growth. We discuss how family narratives can help to bridge intra-familial estrangements and re-engage communication and support processes that have been undermined by stress, trauma, or loss. We conclude by describing a family-based narrative intervention currently in use with thousands of military children and families across the USA.

  6. Family and Cultural Capital. The perspective of familiness

    OpenAIRE

    Ortíz García, Pilar; Olaz Capitán, Ángel José; Monreal Martínez, Juan

    2014-01-01

    The influence of the family on a business, its commitment to the company and the values it conveys form a capital capable of influencing the global development of a business. This research analyzes family capital and in particular its cultural components as a resource influencing the direction of the company. Corporate culture as a guiding philosophy for family business strategy is a key factor in its success. In short, the cultural capital of a family business is a capac...

  7. FRANCHISE FROM FAMILY BUSINESS?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián NAGY

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the franchise as a form of enterprise in perspective to existing family businesses and how can they operate this way. Why is this form better for them, what advantages it has? In this case an ice cream shop’s economic inidicators were examined ,one which is owned by a hungarian family in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county who runs several shops like this. That is why this study was made, to find out if it is possible to run it sucsessfully and what costs does the newcomers in the franchise business network have to pay and how much is the time on the return of investments.

  8. Marriage and Family Therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    About the author: Chen Yiyun graduated from the Russian Language and Literature Departraent at Beijing University in 1964. She then enrolled at the Sociology Institute of the China Academy of Social Sciences in 1978. Upon graduation, she remained at the Institute as a research fellow. She later became editor-in-chief of the magazine Sociology Abroad. She translated and edited dozens of sociology books. In 1988, after she returned from the United States, she devoted herself to the research of sociology and marriage consultation. In 1993, Chen set up the Jinglun Family Science Center, a non-governmental organization which is a combination of scientific research and social practice. She organized scholars, social workers and volunteers from sectors of public health, education and legislation to conduct useful activities to promote democracy in the family, equality, health and civilization.

  9. Familial hypophosphatemic rickets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sattur A

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Rickets is the failure of mineralization of osteoid and newly formed bones in a child skeleton. It is commonly associated with vitamin D deficiency; however, it can be because of a decrease in the serum phosphate levels leading to inadequate mineralization of cartilage and bone, consequent skeletal deformities, and growth retardation. The hypophosphatemic conditions that interfere in bone mineralization comprise many hereditary or acquired diseases. One of the hereditary types of hypophosphatemic rickets is the familial hypophosphatemic rickets. This rare variety was diagnosed in a 9-year-old patient who had come with a chief complaint of a missing tooth. In the present case, radiographic aspects of oral and systemic manifestations of familial hypophosphatemic rickets are highlighted.

  10. Familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kvistgaard, Helene

    2011-01-01

    Familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (FNDI) is characterized by severe low-solute polyuria and polydipisa. The disease is caused by a deficient neurosecretion of the antidiuretic hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP). The hormone is normally synthesized by the magnocellular neurons in the pa......Familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (FNDI) is characterized by severe low-solute polyuria and polydipisa. The disease is caused by a deficient neurosecretion of the antidiuretic hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP). The hormone is normally synthesized by the magnocellular neurons...... as one sporadic case of early-onset diabetes insipidus. Genetic testing of the sporadic case of diabetes insipidus revealed a highly unusual mosaicism for a variation in the gene encoding the AVP receptor (AVPR2). This mosaicism had resulted in a partial phenotype and initial diagnostic difficulties...

  11. Familial reactive perforating collagenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhat Yasmeen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Reactive perforating collagenosis (RPC is one of the rare forms of transepidermal elimination in which genetically altered collagen is extruded from the epidermis. This disease usually starts in early childhood as asymptomatic umbilicated papules on extremities, and the lesions become more conspicuous with age. Aims: The objective of our study was to determine the clinico-pathological features of RPC and the response to various treatment modalities. Methods: Ten patients of RPC, belonging to five different families, were studied clinically. Various laboratory investigations were carried out and diagnosis was made by histopathology of the lesions. Patients were given various topical and oral treatments. Results: RPC is familial in most cases without any definite inheritance pattern. It begins in childhood and the lesions are usually recurrent and become profuse and large with age. Systemic diseases have no role in the onset of lesions. Conclusion: Oral and topical retinoids in combination with emollients is the best treatment option.

  12. Designing Product Families

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Per Erik Elgård; Miller, Thomas Dedenroth

    1998-01-01

    Manufacturing companies that operate with products aimed at different market segments and applications are experiencing an increasing demand from customers who expect products to be tailored to their exact needs rather than accepting general products based on average customer needs. This trend ha...... led to a new business paradigm, "mass customization", where companies strive to provide highly customized products while still maintaining the efficiency of the classical mass production enterprise. One of the key factors in mass customization has been efficient use of product platforms...... as a foundation for the customization process, whereby the customized products become variants of a product family with a high degree of reuse and utilization of kinship between the individual variants.With this paper, we will discuss the development of platform based product families from three points of view...

  13. Intermediate Family Therapy Skills

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    The field of marriage and family therapy (MFT) has prospered since its beginnings nearly 50 years ago. In order to keep the field current and competitive with other related professions, empirical research is necessary. Although there has been an upsurge of research on the effectiveness and specialty areas of MFT, one area has been overlooked: skills. THe empirical research that has been performed has focused its attention on beginning therapists. The current research took the next step in...

  14. Family planning: where now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, L

    1977-01-01

    The focus is in terms of family planning as an exercise in induced social change; the objective is to alter the reproductive patterns of societies sufficiently to bring about a significant reduction in fertility. The year 1974 emerges as the year in which family planning as a social movement achieved maturity and was confirmed as a legitimate area for national policy and programming, a year of determined and varied efforts to reduce population growth. In affirming the rights and responsibilities of people and the obligations of governments in population concerns, the Bucharest Conference conferred its seal of approval on a movement that had made considerable progress since it began early in the 19th century. The evolution of birth control as a social movement which began with Francis Place's printing and distributing contraceptive bills in 1820 was encouraged by other writings in England and the U.S. over the next 50 years. Several overlapping phases can be distinguished in the global response to a new sense of urgence regarding population concerns following World War 2. Moving from a global perspective to consideration of family planning as it exists in the programs of individual countries, the achievement is not so great and the prospects are less hopeful. Although it has had success as a social movement and is now accepted as a government responsibility, family planning programs still have a long way to go before they develop the scope, vigor, and versatility that is required for there to be widespread demographic change. 1 change that is needed is for a stronger and more visible political commitment and commitment on the basis of demographic rather than health or welfare reasons.

  15. The chicken SLAM family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straub, Christian; Viertlboeck, Birgit C; Göbel, Thomas W

    2013-01-01

    The signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) family of receptors is critically involved in the immune regulation of lymphocytes but has only been detected in mammals, with one member being present in Xenopus. Here, we describe the identification, cloning, and analysis of the chicken homologues to the mammalian SLAMF1 (CD150), SLAMF2 (CD48), and SLAMF4 (CD244, 2B4). Two additional chicken SLAM genes were identified and designated SLAMF3like and SLAM5like in order to stress that those two receptors have no clear mammalian counterpart but share some features with mammalian SLAMF3 and SLAMF5, respectively. Three of the chicken SLAM genes are located on chromosome 25, whereas two are currently not yet assigned. The mammalian and chicken receptors share a common structure with a V-like domain that lacks conserved cysteine residues and a C2-type Ig domain with four cysteines forming two disulfide bonds. Chicken SLAMF2, like its mammalian counterpart, lacks a transmembrane and cytoplasmic domain and thus represents a glycosyl-phosphatidyl-inositol-anchored protein. The cytoplasmic tails of SLAMF1 and SLAMF4 display two and four conserved immunoreceptor tyrosine-based switch motifs (ITSMs), respectively, whereas both chicken SLAMF3like and SLAMF5like have only a single ITSM. We have also identified the chicken homologues of the SLAM-associated protein family of adaptors (SAP), SAP and EAT-2. Chicken SAP shares about 70 % identity with mammalian SAP, and chicken EAT-2 is homologous to mouse EAT-2, whereas human EAT-2 is much shorter. The characterization of the chicken SLAM family of receptors and the SAP adaptors demonstrates the phylogenetic conservation of this family, in particular, its signaling capacities.

  16. Origin of family symmetries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nilles, Hans Peter [Bonn Univ. (Germany). Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics; Bonn Univ. (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.; Ratz, Michael [Technische Univ. Muenchen, Garching (Germany). Physik-Department; Vaudrevange, Patrick K.S. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)

    2012-04-15

    Discrete (family) symmetries might play an important role in models of elementary particle physics. We discuss the origin of such symmetries in the framework of consistent ultraviolet completions of the standard model in field and string theory. The symmetries can arise due to special geometrical properties of extra compact dimensions and the localization of fields in this geometrical landscape. We also comment on anomaly constraints for discrete symmetries.

  17. What determines family structure?

    OpenAIRE

    Blau, David M.; van der Klaauw, Wilbert

    2010-01-01

    We estimate the effects of policy and labor market variables on the fertility, union formation and dissolution, type of union (cohabiting versus married), and partner choices of the NLSY79 cohort of women. These demographic behaviors interact to determine the family structure experienced by the children of these women: living with the biological mother and the married or cohabiting biological father, a married or cohabiting step father, or no man. We find that the average wage rates available...

  18. Tom’s family

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周昕睿

    2015-01-01

    Tom’s family lives at Eighty-sixth King Street.Tom’s mother is a housewife and his father is a policeman.In the morning,Tom’s father goes to work and Tom goes to school.His father takes him to school every day.Tom’s mother stays at home and does the housework every day.She always eats lunch at noon.

  19. Hadamard partitioned difference families

    OpenAIRE

    Buratti, Marco

    2017-01-01

    We prove that every Hadamard difference set of order $u^2$ leads to a partitioned difference family of any order $v\\equiv4u^2$ (mod $8u^2$) and blocks of sizes $4u^2-2u$, $4u^2$ and $4u^2+2u$ provided that the maximal prime power divisors of $v\\over4u^2$ are all greater than $4u^2+2u$.

  20. Family Planning Services

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米国庆

    1994-01-01

    According to the China national programme of economic and social development, by 2000 the standard of living of Chinese people will have been fairly welloff. In order to accomplish the goal, the government has comprised the population development in the national social economic development programme. Family planning (FP) work will contribute to the general goal of social economy and development. Reform and open policy and establishment of socialist market economy sys