Buchanan, Evan G.; Dean, Jacob C.; Zwier, Timothy S.; Sibert, Edwin L.
The spectroscopy of two flexible hydrocarbons, 1,2-diphenylethane (DPE) and 2,2,2-paracyclophane (TCP) is presented, and a predictive theoretical model for describing the alkyl CH stretch region of these hydrocarbons is developed. Ultraviolet hole-burning spectroscopy identified two isomers of DPE and a single conformation of TCP present in the supersonic jet expansion. Through the analysis of the ground state low-frequency vibronic spectroscopy obtained by dispersed fluorescence, conformational assignments were made for both DPE and TCP. The two isomers of DPE were found to retain the low energy structures of butane, being present in both the gauche and anti structures. TCP forms a C2 symmetric structure, differing from the predicted lower energy C3 conformation by the symmetry of the ethano bridges (-CH2CH2-) linking the phenyl substituents. Resonant ion-dip infrared spectroscopy is used to record single-conformation IR spectra of the two conformers of DPE and the single conformer of TCP in the alkyl CH stretch region and in the mid-IR that covers the CH bend fundamentals. A local mode Hamiltonian that incorporates cubic stretch-bend coupling is developed. Its parameters are obtained from density functional theory methods. Full dimensional calculations are compared to those that use reduced dimensional Hamiltonians in which anharmonic CH stretches and scissor modes are Fermi coupled. Excellent agreement is found. Scale factors of select terms in the reduced dimensional Hamiltonian are determined by fitting the theoretical Hamiltonian to the anti-DPE spectrum. The scaled Hamiltonian is then used to predict successfully structures for the remaining lower symmetry experimentally determined spectra in the alkyl CH stretch region.
Samantha A. M. Smith
Full Text Available In the title compound, trans-(S,S-[FeBr(CO(PPh2CH2CH2NHCHPhCHPhNCHCH2PCy2]BPh4, the FeII ion is in a distorted octahedral complex geometry with a cis-β ligand geometry in which two diastereomers co-crystallized in the asymmetric unit. These diastereomers differ by the orientation of the N—H moieties on the ligand; one is in the S conformation (A, and the other R (B. Diasteromer A has a P—Fe—P angle of 104.36 (6° and B has a P—Fe—P angle of 102.70 (6°. During the refinement of the structure, electron density peaks were located that were believed to be highly disordered solvent molecules (possibly diethyl ether. Attempts made to model the solvent molecule were not successful. The SQUEEZE [Spek (2015. Acta Cryst. C71, 9–18] option in PLATON indicated there was a large solvent cavity of 363 Å3. In the final cycles of refinement, this contribution of 117 electrons to the electron density was removed from the observed data. The density, the F(000 value, the molecular weight and the formula are given without taking into account the results obtained with SQUEEZE.
Hua, Guoxiong; Du, Junyi; Cordes, David Bradford; Athukorala Arachchige, Kasun Sankalpa; Slawin, Alexandra Martha Zoya; Woollins, J. Derek
A series of new selenium-containing heteroatom compounds were synthesized in good yields by the reactions of Woollins’ reagent with various organic substrates such as cyclohexanamine, N-benzoylbenzamide, benzoic anhydride, 4-fluoro-N-(2-oxo-2-phenylethyl)benzamide, N-benzoylbenzamide, benzoic anhydride, 3-(bromomethyl)benzonitrile, 1,2-diphenylethane-1,2-diol and sodium alcoholate. Three representative X-ray structures are described. Postprint Postprint Peer reviewed
Xu, Kuo-xi; Kong, Hua-jie; Zu, Fu-li; Yang, Li; Wang, Chen-juan
A pair of chiral compounds S-1 and R-1 derived from (1S, 2S) or (1R, 2R)-1, 2-diphenylethane-1, 2-diamine were designed and synthesized, the interactions of S-1 and R-1 with mandelate were studied in H2O (0.01 M HEPES buffer, pH = 7.4) by fluorescence titration experiments. The sensors S-1 and R-1 were found to present enantioselective fluorescent sensing ability to mandelate. The results indicated that the sensors S-1 and R-1 were very promising to be used as fluorescent sensors in determining the enantiomeric composition of mandelate in H2O.
Sibert, Edwin L. Sibert, Iii; Buchanan, Evan G.; Zwier, Timothy S.
Theoretical IR spectra of 1,2-diphenoxyethane (C_6H_5-O-CH_2-CH_2-O-C_6H_5 DPOE) and 1,2-diphenylethane (C_6H_5-CH_2-CH_2-C_6H_5 DPE) are presented and compared to results of single-conformation spectroscopy of jet cooled molecules. The theoretical transition energies and intensites are obtained from a model based on a local mode Hamiltonian that includes all local cubic stretch-bend couplings that are then projected onto the normal modes. The model parameters are obtained from density functional theory methods. Full dimensional calculations are compared to those of reduced dimensions that include anharmonic CH streches Fermi coupled to scissor modes. Excellent agreement is found. Scale factors of select terms in the reduced dimensional Hamiltonian are determined by fitting the theoretical Hamiltonian to the anti DPE spectrum. Using the same scaling, Hamiltonians for other conformers of the above molecules are generated and used to predict structures by comparing to experimentally determined spectra in the alkyl CH stretch region. The level patterns in the resulting spectra are elucidated in terms of the model parameters. The model results are extended to interpret the spectra of more complicated macrocycles containing multiple -CH_2CH_2- ethano bridges such as the dibenzo-15-crown-5 ether and 2,2,2-paracyclophane.
Seleem, H. S.; El-Inany, G. A.; Mousa, M.; Hanafy, F. I.
The electronic absorption spectra of a hydrazone: 2-[2-(4-methylquinolin-2-yl)hydrazono]-1,2-diphenylethanone (BHQ) derived from 2-hydrazino-4-methylquinoline and 1,2-diphenylethan-1,2-dione (benzil) have been studied in various solvents of different polarities. The dependence of the band shift Δ ύ on the solvent parameters viz.D, Z, ET, DN, AN, α, β and π* was discussed. Also, the effect of pH on the free hydrazone and its Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes was studied spectrophotometrically in 75% (v/v) dioxane-water in order to determine the dissociation and stability constants. The stoichiometry of the formed complexes was determined by three different methods: Job's, mole ratio and slope ratio which indicate the formation of 1:2, M:L complexes for Co(II) and Cu(II) and 1:1, Ni(II):L. Beer's law is valid in the range 0.32-7.04 μg/mL depending on the type of the metal ion. The use of BHQ as an indicator via a spectrophotometric titration of Cu(II) and Ni(II) with EDTA was efficient.