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Sample records for 01-1 introduction cic

  1. Designing and Programming CICS Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Horswill, John

    2011-01-01

    CICS is an application server that delivers industrial-strength, online transaction management for critical enterprise applications. Proven in the market for over 30 years with many of the world's leading businesses, CICS enables today's customers to modernize and extend their applications to take advantage of the opportunities provided by e-business while maximizing the benefits of their existing investments. Designing and Programming CICS Applications will benefit a diverse audience. It introduces new users of IBM's mainframe (OS/390) to CICS features. It shows experienced users how t

  2. The CIC-3 chloride channels in cardiovascular disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dayue Darrel DUAN

    2011-01-01

    CIC-3 is a member of the CIC voltage-gated chloride(Cl-) channel superfamily. Recent studies have demonstrated the abundant expression and pleiotropy of CIC-3 in cardiac atrial and ventricular myocytes, vascular smooth muscle cells, and endothelial cells.CIC-3 Cl- channels can be activated by increase in cell volume, direct stretch of β1-integrin through focal adhesion kinase and many active molecules or growth factors including angiotensin Ⅱ and endothelin-1-mediated signaling pathways, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase Ⅱ and reactive oxygen species. CIC-3 may function as a key component of the volume-regulated Cl- channels, a superoxide anion transport and/or NADPH oxidase interaction partner, and a regulator of many other transporters. CIC-3 has been implicated in the regulation of electrical activity, cell volume, proliferation, differentiation, migration, apoptosis and intracellular pH. This review will highlight the major findings and recent advances in the study of CIC-3 Cl- channels in the cardiovascular system and discuss their important roles in cardiac and vascular remodeling during hypertension, myocardial hypertrophy, ischemia/reperfusion, and heart failure.

  3. Combined Intelligent Control (CIC: An Intelligent decision making algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moteaal Asadi Shirzi

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this research is to introduce the concept of combined intelligent control (CIC as an effective architecture for decision making and control of intelligent agents and multi robot sets. Basically, the CIC is a combination of various architectures and methods from fields such as artificial intelligence, Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI, control and biological computing. Although any intelligent architecture may be very effective for some specific applications, it could be less for others. Therefore, CIC combines and arranges them in a way that the strengths of any approach cover the weaknesses of others. In this paper first, we introduce some intelligent architectures from a new aspect. Afterward, we offer the CIC by combining them. CIC has been executed in a multi agent set. In this set, robots must cooperate to perform some various tasks in a complex and nondeterministic environment with a low sensory feedback and relationship. In order to investigate, improve, and correct the combined intelligent control method, simulation software has been designed which will be presented and considered. To show the ability of the CIC algorithm as a distributed architecture, a central algorithm is designed and compared with the CIC.

  4. Catalyst for Change: The CIC/CLA Consortium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paris, David C.

    2011-01-01

    From the fall of 2008 through the spring of 2011, 47 colleges and universities, organized and supported by the Council of Independent Colleges (CIC), administered the Collegiate Learning Assessment (CLA) to their students. The CLA is a test of critical thinking, analytic reasoning, problem solving, and written communication developed by the…

  5. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cromwell, Jennifer Adele; Choat, Malcolm

    2012-01-01

    Introduction to the section 'Thebes in Late Antiquity', which was organised by the authors (Choat and Cromwell)......Introduction to the section 'Thebes in Late Antiquity', which was organised by the authors (Choat and Cromwell)...

  6. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klitgård, Ebbe; Bayer, Gerd

    2011-01-01

    An introduction to "Narrative Developments from Chaucer to Defoe", including a review of recent research in the field.......An introduction to "Narrative Developments from Chaucer to Defoe", including a review of recent research in the field....

  7. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2004-01-01

    The chapter gives an introduction to the book "Environmental planning and management : tools for a sustainable development".......The chapter gives an introduction to the book "Environmental planning and management : tools for a sustainable development"....

  8. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgfeldt Hansen, Leif

    2016-01-01

    This introduction to South Korean architecture gives an overall view of the architecture done in the country in historic times as well as a general introduction to the culture of the country.......This introduction to South Korean architecture gives an overall view of the architecture done in the country in historic times as well as a general introduction to the culture of the country....

  9. IMPLEMENTATION AND COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT CIC FILTER STRUCTURE FOR DECIMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Madheswaran

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper briefs an implementation of different CIC filter architectures for decimation. The different decimation filter structures are implemented using cascaded integrator-comb filter to work for the down sampling ratio of 8. The prototype is designed with MATLAB Simulink model and it is converted to VHDL code using Xilinx system generator. Prototype is implemented in Virtex V- XC5VLX110T-3ff1136 FPGA kit and simulation results and device utilization reports are generated and tabulated. Finally different architectures are compared using number of used LUTs, Registers, Power consumption etc.

  10. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Rasmus Thybo; Moran, Dermot

    2012-01-01

    An introduction to a special issue of Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences dedicated to empathy and the direct perception approach to other minds......An introduction to a special issue of Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences dedicated to empathy and the direct perception approach to other minds...

  11. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søbjerg, Lene Mosegaard

    2016-01-01

    Introduction to anthology which provides the theoretical basis of an Erasmus+ project involving marginalised young people, practitioners, students and academics in co-creating a teaching module for the social professions.......Introduction to anthology which provides the theoretical basis of an Erasmus+ project involving marginalised young people, practitioners, students and academics in co-creating a teaching module for the social professions....

  12. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    2009-01-01

    The introduction begins with a definition of normativity. Thereafter follows a presentation of the 10 articles of the book. These articles represent three areas: Reception and transformation of the Bible in literature, Reception and transformation of the Bible in philosophy, Reception and transfo......The introduction begins with a definition of normativity. Thereafter follows a presentation of the 10 articles of the book. These articles represent three areas: Reception and transformation of the Bible in literature, Reception and transformation of the Bible in philosophy, Reception...

  13. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger; Sandbeck, Lars; Solten, Therese Bering

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to the Special Issue of Literature and Theology publishing articles based on selected papers from the international conference of the International Society for Religion, Literature and Culture (ISRLC) conference held at the Theological Faculty of the University of Copenhagen 19...

  14. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barwell, Richard; Clarkson, Philip; Halai, Anjum;

    2016-01-01

    This chapter provides the introduction to this ICMI Study 21 volume. It includes: a discussion of the place of this study and its topic within ICME; a discussion of what is meant by the study title; and a brief historical account of research on this topic in mathematics education. The chapter also...

  15. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashbee, Edward; Dumbrell, John

    2017-01-01

    The introduction sets a framework for subsequent chapters by considering theories of change and the extent to which there was consequential change during the Obama years. It draws upon earlier scholarship to suggest that although there certainly was no “transformation” (when new interests secure ...

  16. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerdrum Pedersen, Esben Rahbek; Thusgaard Pedersen, Janni

    2013-01-01

    An introduction is presented in which the editors discuss various reports within the issue on topics including the shared value concept in the education and business, the role of corporate foundations in establishing cross-sector partnerships, and the mechanisms of governance in the cross-sector ...

  17. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høst, Jeppe Engset

    2015-01-01

    This chapter introduces the notion and theme of market-based fisheries management. The introduction of market mechanisms to distribute and manage fishing quota has internationally occurred since the 1980s but is increasingly on the political agenda. As privatization and transferability are promoted...... for efficiency and fleet adaptation, and on the other, quota markets are accused of causing concentration and disturbing social relations....

  18. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk; Rasiah, Rajah

    2010-01-01

    This is a very interesting book. It is topical and is one of the few volumes that attempts to treat Southeast Asia as an integrated whole. The editors are methodologically ambitious, and they skillfully integrate a very large amount of diverse material in their introduction. I imagine that the book...

  19. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doreian, Patrick; Stokman, Frans N.

    2001-01-01

    Introduction to: The proceedings of a conference that was held on the analysis of repeated cross sections at the University of Nijmegen on June 15±16, 2000. This two-days meeting was attended by 75 participants from seven different countries (AUS, B, F, GER, NL, USA, UK) and from a wide array of aca

  20. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    2009-01-01

    of the story about Esau and Jacob. The rest of the introduction presents the six (revised) papers from the conference that are published in this special issue. The authors of these papers are Marie Vejrup Nielsen, James H. Thrall, Alyda Faber, Hans Jørgen Frederiksen, Stefanie Knauss og Hugh S. Pyper ....

  1. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk; Berg, Torsten Rødel

    2012-01-01

    The chapter includes a discussion about the play by Henrik Ibsen from 1879, A Doll's House, how it still proves to be relevant today to gender relations not only in Denmark but in Nepal as well. The introduction explains how Ibsen's play inspired two theater directors from Denmark and Nepal...

  2. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    2009-01-01

    and Culture". In the introduction, I give my definitions of reception, transformation, transgression and norm. Taking Harold Bloom and Julia Kristeva as my point of departure, I give an example of reception and transformation in the Bible, showing how the Book of Job can be read as a tranformation...

  3. The importance of basidiomycetous fungi cultured from the sputum of chronic idiopathic cough: a study to determine the existence of recognizable clinical patterns to distinguish CIC from non-CIC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogawa, Haruhiko; Fujimura, Masaki; Takeuchi, Yasuo; Makimura, Koichi

    2009-10-01

    Recently we have reported 5 cases of allergic fungal cough (AFC), which is intractable and is characterized by sensitization to one of basidiomycetous fungus. Because AFC shows good clinical response to antifungal drugs, diagnosing AFC in patients with CIC may lead to the consequent management of CIC. Therefore, we determined the incidence of CIC among our hospital patients, and the frequency of BM fungi in sputum samples collected from patients with CIC. Furthermore we evaluated whether or not a recognizable clinical pattern that distinguishes CIC from non-CIC exists. The medical records of 70 patients complaining of chronic cough who were referred to our hospital for diagnosis and treatment were analyzed retrospectively. The primary diagnoses were CIC (27.0%), cough-variant asthma (30.0%), atopic cough (24.3%), sinobronchial syndrome (8.6%), cough-predominant asthma (7.1%), gastro-esophageal reflux (1.4%), and others (1.4%). In CIC patients, the median age, proportion of females, and frequency of acute upper respiratory tract infection did not differ significantly from those in non-CIC patients. CIC patients had a longer median duration of cough (11.0 months vs. 3.5 months). The positive ratio of BM cultured from the sputa of CIC patients (62.5%) was significantly (p=0.0061) higher than that of non-CIC patients (16.7%). The existence of BM fungi in induced sputum may be an important factor for distinguishing the clinical manifestation of CIC from that of non-CIC. The clinical approach from the aspect of fungal allergy may serve as a clue that may aid in the successful management of CIC.

  4. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger; Sandbeck, Lars; Solten, Therese Bering

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to the Special Issue of Literature and Theology publishing articles based on selected papers from the international conference of the International Society for Religion, Literature and Culture (ISRLC) conference held at the Theological Faculty of the University of Copenhagen 19-21 Oc......-21 October 2012 with the theme: Cultures of Transition: Presence, Absence,Memory. The conference was organised by Nils Holger Petersen, Lars Sandbeck and Therese Bering Solten who were invited as guest editors for a volume of Literature and Theology based on the conference....

  5. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høst, Jeppe Engset

    2015-01-01

    This chapter introduces the notion and theme of market-based fisheries management. The introduction of market mechanisms to distribute and manage fishing quota has internationally occurred since the 1980s but is increasingly on the political agenda. As privatization and transferability are promoted...... internationally, and by big players, it becomes even more crucial to understand its social and environmental implications. This chapter looks at the broader lines in the fisheries research and discusses the diverging views on market-based fisheries management. On one side market mechanisms are promoted...... for efficiency and fleet adaptation, and on the other, quota markets are accused of causing concentration and disturbing social relations....

  6. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    This chapter presents an introduction to the microfluidics field and microfluidic biochips. We discuss the main fluid propulsion principles used by modern microfluidic platforms, with a focus on “digital” microfluidic biochips, which are the topic of this book. Digital microfluidic biochips...... manipulate the fluids as small “droplets” using electrokinetics, i.e., electrowetting-on-dielectric. Several application areas for biochips are discussed, and the motivation behind the work presented in this book is introduced. At the end of the chapter, we outline the structure of the book and an overview...

  7. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peder Pedersen, Claus; Dehs, Jørgen

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to When Architects and Designers Write / Draw / Build / ? This anthology highlights the potentials and challenges for research in architecture and design. The included essays are based on papers given at a symposium held at the Aarhus School of Architecture in 2011 and contain a number...... of topical positions ranging from the activist and academic to practice-based and artistically-based research by international and Danish researchers. The anthology is aimed at architects and designers, as well as others with an interest in the discussion of the concept of research in the fields...

  8. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurel Brake

    2013-04-01

    mso-fareast-language:JA;} When W. T. Stead died on the 'Titanic' he was the most famous Englishman on board. A mass of contradictions and a crucial figure in the history of the British press, Stead was a towering presence in the cultural life of late-Victorian and Edwardian society. In this introduction, we consider Stead as a ‘mass of contradictions’ and offer a few ways in which his prodigious output and activity might be understood.

  9. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Harris

    1990-11-01

    Full Text Available Since its foundation as an independent Institute within the University of London fifty-three years ago, the Institute of Archaeology has contributed to research in many aspects of the developing discipline in many different parts of the world. For the first thirty years of its existence it was exclusively a postgraduate research institution, and it has continued to give high priority to postgraduate studies since the introduction of undergraduate teaching in 1968. Today, one third of the 300 students enrolled at the Institute are postgraduates, over 50 of whom are research students registered for MPhil/PhD degrees. Most of the MA and MSc students also undertake their own research projects as part of the Master's degree. Institute postgraduates are thus involved in a multitude of diverse investigations, in Britain, continental Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas, and each year they make, collectively, a very substantial contribution to archaeological knowledge.

  10. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk; Berg, Torsten Rødel

    2012-01-01

    The chapter includes a discussion about the play by Henrik Ibsen from 1879, A Doll's House, how it still proves to be relevant today to gender relations not only in Denmark but in Nepal as well. The introduction explains how Ibsen's play inspired two theater directors from Denmark and Nepal......, respectively to use it as point of departure for the creation of a trans-civilizational and intercultural dialogue. The intention of this chapter is to introduce the background of the collection of chapters, give broader perspectives about globalization and social change linked with debates about changing...... values and cultures in development and social policy and then enters the specific context and development trajectory in Nepal in recent years....

  11. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Ayeb, Habib

    2014-01-01

    En guise d’introduction, deux questions s’imposent : pourquoi un ouvrage sur les eaux du Jourdain ? Et pourquoi avoir adopté une formule qui privilégie essentiellement les données de base d’ordre quantitatives et chronologiques ? Disons d’entrée de jeu, pour répondre à la première interrogation, que malgré la médiatisation effrénée de la question de l’eau et des difficultés de partage des ressources hydrauliques dites internationales, aucun livre récent ne lui a été consacré en France. Le der...

  12. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carotenuto, Luigi

    This chapter introduces the context, objectives and structure of the book. This book aims both to contribute to disseminate the knowledge about the scientific research conducted in space and to promote new exploitation of existing data in this field. While space experiments are characterised by a long time for preparation, high costs and few opportunities, significant scientific value is expected from the resulting data for almost scientific disciplines. In this context, ISS is a unique experimental environment for research. As part of its Seventh Framework Programme, the European Commission intends to support further exploitation and valorisation of space experimental data. This book was realised as part of the ULISSE project, co-funded by the European Union. The book intends to provide an introduction to space research with a focus on the experiments performed on the ISS and related disciplines. The book also intends to be a useful guide, not only for scientists but also for teachers, students and newcomers to space research activities.

  13. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, E. G. D.

    deduced for irreversible processes (C. Jarzynski). The survey of non-equilibrium steady states in statistical mechanics of classical and quantum systems employs heat bath models and the random matrix theory input. The quantum heat bath analysis and derivation of fluctuation-dissipation theorems is performed by means of the influence functional technique adopted to solve quantum master equations (D. Kusnezov). Chapter II deals with an issue of relaxation and its dynamical theory in both classical and quantum contexts. Pollicott-Ruelle resonance background for the exponential decay scenario is discussed for irreversible processes of diffusion in the Lorentz gas and multibaker models (P. Gaspard). The Pollicott-Ruelle theory reappears as a major inspiration in the survey of the behaviour of ensembles of chaotic systems, with a focus on model systems for which no rigorous results concerning the exponential decay of correlations in time is available (S. Fishman). The observation, that non-equilibrium transport processes in simple classical chaotic systems can be described in terms of fractal structures developing in the system phase space, links their formation and properties with the entropy production in the course of diffusion processes displaying a low dimensional deterministic (chaotic) origin (J. R. Dorfman). Chapter III offers an introduction to the theory of dynamical semigroups. Asymptotic properties of Markov operators and Markov semigroups acting in the set of probability densities (statistical ensemble notion is implicit) are analyzed. Ergodicity, mixing, strong (complete) mixing and sweeping are discussed in the familiar setting of "noise, chaos and fractals" (R. Rudnicki). The next step comprises a passage to quantum dynamical semigroups and completely positive dynamical maps, with an ultimate goal to introduce a consistent framework for the analysis of irreversible phenomena in open quantum systems, where dissipation and decoherence are crucial concepts (R

  14. ATXN1L, CIC, and ETS Transcription Factors Modulate Sensitivity to MAPK Pathway Inhibition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Belinda; Krall, Elsa Beyer; Aguirre, Andrew James; Kim, Miju; Widlund, Hans Ragnar; Doshi, Mihir Bhavik; Sicinska, Ewa; Sulahian, Rita; Goodale, Amy; Cowley, Glenn Spencer; Piccioni, Federica; Doench, John Gerard; Root, David Edward; Hahn, William Chun

    2017-01-01

    SUMMARY Intrinsic resistance and RTK-RAS-MAPK pathway reactivation has limited the effectiveness of MEK and RAF inhibitors (MAPKi) in RAS- and RAF-mutant cancers. To identify genes that modulate sensitivity to MAPKi, we performed genome scale CRISPR-Cas9 loss-of-function screens in two KRAS-mutant pancreatic cancer cell lines treated with the MEK1/2 inhibitor trametinib. Loss of CIC, a transcriptional repressor of ETV1, 4, and 5, promoted survival in the setting of MAPKi in cancer cells derived from several lineages. ATXN1L deletion, which reduces CIC protein, or ectopic expression of ETV1, 4, or 5 also modulated sensitivity to trametinib. ATXN1L expression inversely correlates with response to MAPKi inhibition in clinical studies. These observations identify the ATXN1L-CIC-ETS transcription factor axis as a mediator of resistance to MAPKi. PMID:28178529

  15. Post combustion in combined cycle power plants; La post-combustion nei cicli combinati

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gozzi, M. [comp. (Italy)

    2002-02-01

    Post combustion is a valid aid for combined cycle gas turbine, are evaluated environmental impact and effectiveness. [Italian] La combustione addizionale puo' essere un valido ausilio per i cicli combinati con turbina a gas. I limiti di convenienza. La valutazione dell'impatto ambientale.

  16. Mapping the future of CIC Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    This report summarizes three scenario-based strategic planning workshops run for the CIC Division of the Los Alamos National Laboratory during November and December, 1995. Each of the two-day meetings was facilitated by Northeast Consulting Resources, Inc. (NCRI) of Boston, MA. using the Future Mapping{reg_sign} methodology.

  17. Comparative transcriptome analysis of isogenic cell line models and primary cancers links capicua (CIC) loss to activation of the MAPK signalling cascade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LeBlanc, Veronique G; Firme, Marlo; Song, Jungeun; Chan, Susanna Y; Lee, Min Hye; Yip, Stephen; Chittaranjan, Suganthi; Marra, Marco A

    2017-06-01

    CIC encodes a transcriptional repressor, capicua (CIC), whose disrupted activity appears to be involved in several cancer types, including type I low-grade gliomas (LGGs) and stomach adenocarcinomas (STADs). To explore human CIC's transcriptional network in an isogenic background, we developed novel isogenic CIC knockout cell lines as model systems, and used these in transcriptome analyses to study the consequences of CIC loss. We also compared our results with analyses of transcriptome data from TCGA for type I LGGs and STADs. We identified 39 candidate targets of CIC transcriptional regulation, and confirmed seven of these as direct targets. We showed that, although many CIC targets appear to be context-specific, the effects of CIC loss converge on the dysregulation of similar biological processes in different cancer types. For example, we found that CIC deficiency was associated with disruptions in the expression of genes involved in cell-cell adhesion, and in the development of several cell and tissue types. We also showed that loss of CIC leads to overexpression of downstream members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling cascade, indicating that CIC deficiency may present a novel mechanism for activation of this oncogenic pathway. © 2017 The Authors. Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. © 2017 The Authors. The Journal of Pathology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

  18. Disruption of the ATXN1-CIC complex causes a spectrum of neurobehavioral phenotypes in mice and humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Hsiang-Chih; Tan, Qiumin; Rousseaux, Maxime WC; Wang, Wei; Kim, Ji-Yoen; Richman, Ronald; Wan, Ying-Wooi; Yeh, Szu-Ying; Patel, Jay M; Liu, Xiuyun; Lin, Tao; Lee, Yoontae; Fryer, John D; Han, Jing; Chahrour, Maria; Finnell, Richard H; Lei, Yunping; Zurita-Jimenez, Maria E; Ahimaz, Priyanka; Anyane-Yeboa, Kwame; Van Maldergem, Lionel; Lehalle, Daphne; Jean-Marcais, Nolwenn; Mosca-Boidron, Anne-Laure; Thevenon, Julien; Cousin, Margot A; Bro, Della E; Lanpher, Brendan C; Klee, Eric W; Alexander, Nora; Bainbridge, Matthew N; Orr, Harry T; Sillitoe, Roy V; Ljungberg, M. Cecilia; Liu, Zhandong; Schaaf, Christian P; Zoghbi, Huda Y

    2017-01-01

    Gain-of function mutations in some genes underlie neurodegenerative conditions whereas loss-of-function mutations have distinct phenotypes. Such appears to be the case with the protein ataxin 1 (ATXN1), which forms a transcriptional repressor complex with capicua (CIC). Gain-of-function of the complex leads to neurodegeneration, but ATXIN1-CIC is also essential for survival. We set out to understand the functions of ATXN1-CIC in the developing forebrain and found that losing the complex results in hyperactivity, impaired learning and memory, and abnormal maturation and maintenance of upper layer cortical neurons. We also found that CIC modulates social interactions in the hypothalamus and medial amygdala. Informed by these neurobehavioral features in mouse mutants, we identified five patients with de novo heterozygous truncating mutations in CIC that share similar clinical features, including intellectual disability, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and autism spectrum disorder. Our study demonstrates that loss of ATXN1-CIC complexes causes a spectrum of neurobehavioral phenotypes. PMID:28288114

  19. 基于FPGA的眼科超声数字化中CIC内插滤波器的改进与实现%Improvement and implementation of CIC interpolation filter in ophthalmology ultrasonography digital image based on FPGA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程春卯; 计建军; 王延群; 杨军; 王晓春; 周盛; 宋学东; 段炳柱

    2010-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to improve cascaded integrator comb (CIC) interpolation filter for the enhancement of sampling frequency in the ophthalmology ultrasonagraphy digital imaging system. Methods CIC filter was improved base on the analysis of it and the combined introduction of COSINE and interpolated second-order polynomials(ISOP) filters. Results The modified structures were implemented in field programmable gate array(FPGA) using verilog hardware description language. The algorithm was validated by simulation. Conclusion The results showed that the improved CIC not only had the advantage of high efficiency and saving more resources, but also ameliorated its pass band and stop band. It is applicable in high frequency uhrasonography digital signal processing.%目的 眼科高频超声数字化成像中使用内插滤波器可等效地提高采样率以节约资源.方法 在研究分析了级联积分梳状(CIC)滤波器的基础上,结合运用余弦(COSINE)滤波器和内插二阶多项式(ISOP)滤波器对其进行改进.结果 通过硬件描述语言描述改进后的高效结构,并在现场可编程门阵列(FPGA)中实现,最后通过实验仿真验证该内插变频算法的有效性.结论 改进后的CIC滤波器基本保留了效率和资源节约方面的优势,同时也改善了其通带宽度和阻带衰减特性,能够适用于10 MHz的高频眼科超声信号处理的要求.

  20. Frequent ATRX, CIC, FUBP1 and IDH1 mutations refine the classification of malignant gliomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiao, Yuchen; Killela, Patrick J; Reitman, Zachary J; Rasheed, Ahmed B; Heaphy, Christopher M; de Wilde, Roeland F; Rodriguez, Fausto J; Rosemberg, Sergio; Oba-Shinjo, Sueli Mieko; Nagahashi Marie, Suely Kazue; Bettegowda, Chetan; Agrawal, Nishant; Lipp, Eric; Pirozzi, Christopher; Lopez, Giselle; He, Yiping; Friedman, Henry; Friedman, Allan H; Riggins, Gregory J; Holdhoff, Matthias; Burger, Peter; McLendon, Roger; Bigner, Darell D; Vogelstein, Bert; Meeker, Alan K; Kinzler, Kenneth W; Papadopoulos, Nickolas; Diaz, Luis A; Yan, Hai

    2012-07-01

    Mutations in the critical chromatin modifier ATRX and mutations in CIC and FUBP1, which are potent regulators of cell growth, have been discovered in specific subtypes of gliomas, the most common type of primary malignant brain tumors. However, the frequency of these mutations in many subtypes of gliomas, and their association with clinical features of the patients, is poorly understood. Here we analyzed these loci in 363 brain tumors. ATRX is frequently mutated in grade II-III astrocytomas (71%), oligoastrocytomas (68%), and secondary glioblastomas (57%), and ATRX mutations are associated with IDH1 mutations and with an alternative lengthening of telomeres phenotype. CIC and FUBP1 mutations occurred frequently in oligodendrogliomas (46% and 24%, respectively) but rarely in astrocytomas or oligoastrocytomas ( more than 10%). This analysis allowed us to define two highly recurrent genetic signatures in gliomas: IDH1/ATRX (I-A) and IDH1/CIC/FUBP1 (I-CF). Patients with I-CF gliomas had a significantly longer median overall survival (96 months) than patients with I-A gliomas (51 months) and patients with gliomas that did not harbor either signature (13 months). The genetic signatures distinguished clinically distinct groups of oligoastrocytoma patients, which usually present a diagnostic challenge, and were associated with differences in clinical outcome even among individual tumor types. In addition to providing new clues about the genetic alterations underlying gliomas, the results have immediate clinical implications, providing a tripartite genetic signature that can serve as a useful adjunct to conventional glioma classification that may aid in prognosis, treatment selection, and therapeutic trial design.

  1. 46 CFR 57.01-1 - Qualifications and production tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... production tests for all types of manual and machine arc and gas welding and brazing processes. (b) (Modifies... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Qualifications and production tests. 57.01-1 Section 57... BRAZING Scope § 57.01-1 Qualifications and production tests. (a) (Replaces QW 101 and QB 101.)...

  2. Cicéron était-il un « Roman sceptic ? »

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Levy

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available La définition de Cicéron comme « sceptique romain » constitue une projection contestable d’un concept contemporain, faussement simple, sur la personnalité philosophique de Cicéron. Le scepticisme ne se constitue en système de pensée autonome qu’avec Énésidème, que Cicéron ne semble pas connaître, tout comme il fait de Pyrrhon un moraliste dogmatique. La pensée du doute est chez Cicéron un aspect important mais non exclusif de son attachement à la tradition platonicienne. Les Academica constituent certes une avancée théorique majeure dans la pensée de la suspension du jugement, mais ces dialogues ne peuvent être isolés de l’ensemble du parcours philosophique de Cicéron, qui aboutit toujours, d’une manière ou d’une autre à Platon.

  3. Air quality impacts of a CicLAvia event in Downtown Los Angeles, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shu, Shi; Batteate, Christina; Cole, Brian; Froines, John; Zhu, Yifang

    2016-01-01

    CicLAvia in Los Angeles, CA is the open streets program that closes streets to motorized vehicles and invites people to walk, run, play or ride their bicycles on these streets, allowing them to experience the city in a new way and get exercise at the same time. Since the events reduce the motorized traffic flow, which is a significant source of air pollution, on the streets, it is reasonable to hypothesize that the CicLAvia events can reduce the concentrations of traffic-emitted air pollutants during the road closure. This study is the first experiment to test this hypothesis. The on-road and community-wide ultrafine particle (UFP) and PM2.5 were measured on the Event-Sunday (October 5th, 2014) and the Pre- and Post- Sundays (September 28(th) and October 12(th), 2014). Data analysis results showed the on-road UFP and PM2.5 reduction was 21% and 49%, respectively, and the community-wide PM2.5 reduction was 12%.

  4. BIOCHEMISTRY IN THE SPECIALTY IN VISUAL FUNCTION, AND VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS IN THE CICS UMA-IPN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca Elisa Pérez-Magaña

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The higher education and postgraduate in Mexico." delivered at the National Polytechnic Institute is located in a period of constant modification and sustained that has led to the creation of new pedagogical proposals aimed at the promotion of learning emphasizing virtual education. The development of ICT (Information Technologies and Communication in the last few years has favored the emergence and consolidation of degrees, diplomas, Specialties, Master's Degrees among other, using the distance learning based on a web environment. This work analyzes the importance that had the Biochemistry course taught in the specialty of Visual Function in the CICS and UMA that allowed both to the students as the teachers try to virtually eliminate the disadvantages theoretical to traditional teaching. The results obtained in addition to the skills and competences acquired the students were highly successful, and it is hoped to be able to continue implementing such environments in other specialties and master's degrees.

  5. 高性能CIC抽取滤波器研究与设计%Design of High-powered CIC Decimator Filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立; 向新

    2013-01-01

    In view of the problem of high pass band distortion and low stop band attenuation of CIC decimation filter in the sampling rata conversion system, a high-powered CIC decimator filter is proposed in this paper by using the technology of compensate filter and non-recursive parallel structure. Simulation results show that the proposed filter is more excellent on the stop band attenuation and pass band distortion contact with traditional CIC filter, CIC-Cosine filter and ISOP-CIC filter. Therefore, it is more appropriate in the sampling rata conversion system which has stricter require on magnitude performance.%针对采样率变换系统中CIC抽取滤波器存在通带失真较大和阻带衰减较小的问题,提出一种高性能CIC抽取滤波器的设计方法,该方法采用补偿滤波器技术和非递归并行结构.仿真结果表明,通带失真与阻带衰减特性明显优于传统的CIC,CIC-Cosine,ISOP-CIC等滤波器.因此,适用于对幅频特性要求较高的采样率变换系统.

  6. Microstructure observations on butt joint composed of Nb3Sn CIC conductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obana, Tetsuhiro; Tokitani, Masayuki; Takahata, Kazuya; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki

    2017-01-01

    To precisely evaluate a butt joint technology for the JT-60SA CS coils, microstructure observations on the butt joint composed of Nb3Sn CIC conductors were conducted using a FE-SEM. As a sample for the observations, the butt joint sample utilized in the joint resistance measurement was used. During the sample fabrication, the butt joint sample was heated up to about 920 K from room temperature for diffusion bonding after heat treatment for Nb3Sn production. Then, the sample was subjected to the cycles of electromagnetic force in the joint measurement. The observation results indicated that Nb3Sn strands and a copper sheet were butted properly at the interface of the butt joint. In addition, there were hairline cracks in the Nb3Sn layers of the strands near the interface. To investigate a cause of the crack initiation, the stresses generated in the butt joint under same conditions were analyzed using a simple model. As a result, the cracks would occur with an axial compressive stress generated by the butt joint fabrication.

  7. New ELISA Kits using C3 Binding Glycoprotein from Cuscuta europea Detect Mainly IgM CIC in Rheumatoid Arthritis and Progressive Systemic Sclerosis, but not in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spaska Angelova Stanilova

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Elevated levels of circulating immune complexes (CIC, containing IgG, IgM or IgA antibodies were detected in the sera of patients with autoimmune diseases. This might indicate a different biological meaning of the three isotypes of immunoglobulin (Ig in the CIC. Each CIC assay detected only certain classes and subclasses of Ig in CIC material or fixed complement protein. In this study, a new method based on C3binding glycoprotein named CIF-ELISA and a well-known method ANTI-C3 ELISA, were used for quantitative assessment of IgM-CIC, IgG-CIC and IgA-CIC levels in human sera. A modified CIF-ELISA and ANTI-C3 ELISA for simultaneous detection of CIC, containing IgG, IgM and IgA, (stCIC, were also performed. The assays were evaluated on the same specially prepared samples: 55 normal sera, 99 sera from rheumatoid arthritis (RA, 88 sera from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, and 27 sera from progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS. We found that the sensitivity of the tests used varied depending on the diseases studied. CIF-ELISA displayed higher sensitivity of IgM-CIC when compared to ANTI-C3 ELISA in RA patients (40.0 and 20.95%, respectively and PSS (44.43 and 37.04%, respectively. Results for the sensitivity of IgA-CIC were in adverse direction in the RA group (14.28 and 19.05% and PSS (14.81 and 25.93% by both methods. It was also established that the concordance of IgM-CIC positives by both methods was 48.84% in RA and 46.67% in PSS, while in SLE it was 18.78%. These results are most probably due to the different assay abilities to detect antibody isotype of the CIC material and help to explain what specific role each Ig isotype in CIC has in the course of the disease.

  8. PET imaging of focal demyelination and remyelination in a rat model of multiple sclerosis : comparison of [C-11]MeDAS, [C-11]CIC and [C-11]PIB

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faria, Daniele de Paula; Copray, Sjef; Sijbesma, Jurgen W. A.; Willemsen, Antoon T. M.; Buchpiguel, Carlos A.; Dierckx, Rudi A. J. O.; de Vries, Erik F. J.

    2014-01-01

    PURPOSE: In this study, we compared the ability of [(11)C]CIC, [(11)C]MeDAS and [(11)C]PIB to reveal temporal changes in myelin content in focal lesions in the lysolecithin rat model of multiple sclerosis. Pharmacokinetic modelling was performed to determine the best method to quantify tracer uptake

  9. A novel, diffusely infiltrative xenograft model of human anaplastic oligodendroglioma with mutations in FUBP1, CIC, and IDH1.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Klink

    Full Text Available Oligodendroglioma poses a biological conundrum for malignant adult human gliomas: it is a tumor type that is universally incurable for patients, and yet, only a few of the human tumors have been established as cell populations in vitro or as intracranial xenografts in vivo. Their survival, thus, may emerge only within a specific environmental context. To determine the fate of human oligodendroglioma in an experimental model, we studied the development of an anaplastic tumor after intracranial implantation into enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP positive NOD/SCID mice. Remarkably after nearly nine months, the tumor not only engrafted, but it also retained classic histological and genetic features of human oligodendroglioma, in particular cells with a clear cytoplasm, showing an infiltrative growth pattern, and harboring mutations of IDH1 (R132H and of the tumor suppressor genes, FUBP1 and CIC. The xenografts were highly invasive, exhibiting a distinct migration and growth pattern around neurons, especially in the hippocampus, and following white matter tracts of the corpus callosum with tumor cells accumulating around established vasculature. Although tumors exhibited a high growth fraction in vivo, neither cells from the original patient tumor nor the xenograft exhibited significant growth in vitro over a six-month period. This glioma xenograft is the first to display a pure oligodendroglioma histology and expression of R132H. The unexpected property, that the cells fail to grow in vitro even after passage through the mouse, allows us to uniquely investigate the relationship of this oligodendroglioma with the in vivo microenvironment.

  10. Introduction Introduzione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gian Maria Varanini

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction to City under siege (Italy, 13th-15th, ed. by Donata Degrassi and Gian Maria VaraniniIntroduzione a Città sotto assedio (Italia, secoli XIII-XV,

    a cura di Donata Degrassi e Gian Maria Varanini

  11. Presentation (Introduction)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Authier, Jacqueline; Meunier, Andre

    1977-01-01

    An introduction to this issue of "Langue Francaise," which is devoted to a study of the crisis in grammar instruction in French where French is the native language. The issue deals with grammar exercises from linguistic, psycholinguistic and pedagogical points of view. (Text is in French.) (AMH)

  12. Editorial introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, Karen Pernille

    2008-01-01

    This editorial introduction frames the special issue by highlighting its choices: examining transitions in the educational process, so as to highlight common features of many educational phenomena, often considered separately; and conceptualise transitions as time-embedded processes. Such theoret......This editorial introduction frames the special issue by highlighting its choices: examining transitions in the educational process, so as to highlight common features of many educational phenomena, often considered separately; and conceptualise transitions as time-embedded processes....... Such theoretical choices raise methodological questions. among which, that of preserving the dynamics of education. Three main methodological options for doing so are considered: time construction (verbal or graphic); real-time data gathering; and focus on the individual-social articulation. Each of the papers...

  13. Introduction pages

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Pages and Table of Contents Research ArticlesInsulin Requirements in Relation to Insulin Pump Indications in Type 1 DiabetesPDFGabriela GHIMPEŢEANU, Silvia Ş. IANCU, Gabriela ROMAN, Anca M. ALIONESCU259-263Comparative Antibacterial Efficacy of Vitellaria paradoxa (Shea Butter Tree) Extracts Against Some Clinical Bacterial IsolatesPDFKamoldeen Abiodun AJIJOLAKEWU, Fola Jose AWARUN264-268A Murine Effort Model for Studying the Influence of Trichinella on Muscular Activity of MicePDF...

  14. Discovery of Two New Class II Methanol Maser Transitions in G345.01+1.79

    CERN Document Server

    Ellingsen, S P; Cragg, D M; Godfrey, P D

    2012-01-01

    We have used the Swedish ESO Submillimetre Telescope (SEST) to search for new class II methanol maser transitions towards the southern source G345.01+1.79. Over a period of 5 days we observed 11 known or predicted class II methanol maser transitions. Emission with the narrow line width and characteristic velocity of class II methanol masers (in this source) was detected in 8 of these transitions, two of which have not previously been reported as masers. The new class II methanol maser transitions are the 13(-3)-12(-4)E transition at 104.1 GHz and the 5(1)-4(2)E transition at 216.9 GHz. Both of these are from transition series for which there are no previous known class II methanol maser transitions. This takes the total number of known class II methanol maser series to 10, and the total number of transitions (or transition groups) to 18. The observed 104.1 GHz maser suggests the presence of two or more regions of masing gas with similar line of sight velocities, but quite different physical conditions. Althou...

  15. PET imaging of focal demyelination and remyelination in a rat model of multiple sclerosis: comparison of [{sup 11}C]MeDAS, [{sup 11}C]CIC and [{sup 11}C]PIB

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paula Faria, Daniele de [University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Groningen (Netherlands); University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Neuroscience, Groningen (Netherlands); University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Center of Nuclear Medicine, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Copray, Sjef [University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Neuroscience, Groningen (Netherlands); Sijbesma, Jurgen W.A.; Willemsen, Antoon T.M.; Dierckx, Rudi A.J.O.; Vries, Erik F.J. de [University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Groningen (Netherlands); Buchpiguel, Carlos A. [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Center of Nuclear Medicine, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2014-05-15

    In this study, we compared the ability of [{sup 11}C]CIC, [{sup 11}C]MeDAS and [{sup 11}C]PIB to reveal temporal changes in myelin content in focal lesions in the lysolecithin rat model of multiple sclerosis. Pharmacokinetic modelling was performed to determine the best method to quantify tracer uptake. Sprague-Dawley rats were stereotactically injected with either 1 % lysolecithin or saline into the corpus callosum and striatum of the right brain hemisphere. Dynamic PET imaging with simultaneous arterial blood sampling was performed 7 days after saline injection (control group), 7 days after lysolecithin injection (demyelination group) and 4 weeks after lysolecithin injection (remyelination group). The kinetics of [{sup 11}C]CIC, [{sup 11}C]MeDAS and [{sup 11}C]PIB was best fitted by Logan graphical analysis, suggesting that tracer binding is reversible. Compartment modelling revealed that all tracers were fitted best with the reversible two-tissue compartment model. Tracer uptake and distribution volume in lesions were in agreement with myelin status. However, the slow kinetics and homogeneous brain uptake of [{sup 11}C]CIC make this tracer less suitable for in vivo PET imaging. [{sup 11}C]PIB showed good uptake in the white matter in the cerebrum, but [{sup 11}C]PIB uptake in the cerebellum was low, despite high myelin density in this region. [{sup 11}C]MeDAS distribution correlated well with myelin density in different brain regions. This study showed that PET imaging of demyelination and remyelination processes in focal lesions is feasible. Our comparison of three myelin tracers showed that [{sup 11}C]MeDAS has more favourable properties for quantitative PET imaging of demyelinated and remyelinated lesions throughout the CNS than [{sup 11}C]CIC and [{sup 11}C]PIB. (orig.)

  16. Introduction pages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu E. Sestras

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Pages and Table of Contents Research ArticlesInsulin Requirements in Relation to Insulin Pump Indications in Type 1 DiabetesPDFGabriela GHIMPEŢEANU,\tSilvia Ş. IANCU,\tGabriela ROMAN,\tAnca M. ALIONESCU259-263Comparative Antibacterial Efficacy of Vitellaria paradoxa (Shea Butter Tree Extracts Against Some Clinical Bacterial IsolatesPDFKamoldeen Abiodun AJIJOLAKEWU,\tFola Jose AWARUN264-268A Murine Effort Model for Studying the Influence of Trichinella on Muscular Activity of MicePDFIonut MARIAN,\tCălin Mircea GHERMAN,\tAndrei Daniel MIHALCA269-271Prevalence and Antibiogram of Generic Extended-Spectrum β-Lactam-Resistant Enterobacteria in Healthy PigsPDFIfeoma Chinyere UGWU,\tMadubuike Umunna ANYANWU,\tChidozie Clifford UGWU,\tOgbonna Wilfred UGWUANYI272-280Index of Relative Importance of the Dietary Proportions of Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus in Semi-Arid RegionPDFTana P. MEWADA281-288Bioaccumulation Potentials of Momordica charantia L. Medicinal Plant Grown in Lead Polluted Soil under Organic Fertilizer AmendmentPDFOjo Michael OSENI,\tOmotola Esther DADA,\tAdekunle Ajayi ADELUSI289-294Induced Chitinase and Chitosanase Activities in Turmeric Plants by Application of β-D-Glucan NanoparticlesPDFSathiyanarayanan ANUSUYA,\tMuthukrishnan SATHIYABAMA295-298Present or Absent? About a Threatened Fern, Asplenium adulterinum Milde, in South-Eastern Carpathians (RomaniaPDFAttila BARTÓK,\tIrina IRIMIA299-307Comparative Root and Stem Anatomy of Four Rare Onobrychis Mill. (Fabaceae Taxa Endemic in TurkeyPDFMehmet TEKİN,\tGülden YILMAZ308-312Propagation of Threatened Nepenthes khasiana: Methods and PrecautionsPDFJibankumar S. KHURAIJAM,\tRup K. ROY313-315Alleviate Seed Ageing Effects in Silybum marianum by Application of Hormone Seed PrimingPDFSeyed Ata SIADAT,\tSeyed Amir MOOSAVI,\tMehran SHARAFIZADEH316-321The Effect of Halopriming and Salicylic Acid on the Germination of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum under Different Cadmium

  17. Introduction to IBS

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the Day Art of IBS Gallery Contact Us Introduction to IBS Details What is IBS? Last Updated: ... tax-deductible donation. Make Donation What is IBS? Introduction to IBS Symptoms of IBS What Causes IBS? ...

  18. Introduction to graph theory

    CERN Document Server

    Trudeau, Richard J

    1994-01-01

    Preface1. Pure Mathematics Introduction; Euclidean Geometry as Pure Mathematics; Games; Why Study Pure Mathematics?; What's Coming; Suggested Reading2. Graphs Introduction; Sets; Paradox; Graphs; Graph diagrams; Cautions; Common Graphs; Discovery; Complements and Subgraphs; Isomorphism; Recognizing Isomorphic Graphs; Semantics The Number of Graphs Having a Given nu; Exercises; Suggested Reading3. Planar Graphs Introduction; UG, K subscript 5, and the Jordan Curve Theorem; Are there More Nonplanar Graphs?; Expansions; Kuratowski's Theorem; Determining Whether a Graph is Planar or

  19. Volume 1 - Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    An introduction to the Emissions Inventory Improvement Program (EIIP) materials. Describes EIIP development, use of EIIP, inventory staff training, and planning, development, documentation, and reporting of inventories.

  20. Introduction to imprecise probabilities

    CERN Document Server

    Augustin, Thomas; de Cooman, Gert; Troffaes, Matthias C M

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the theory has become widely accepted and has been further developed, but a detailed introduction is needed in order to make the material available and accessible to a wide audience. This will be the first book providing such an introduction, covering core theory and recent developments which can be applied to many application areas. All authors of individual chapters are leading researchers on the specific topics, assuring high quality and up-to-date contents. An Introduction to Imprecise Probabilities provides a comprehensive introduction to imprecise probabilities, includin

  1. Introduction to Part 3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2015-01-01

    A brief contextualising discussion of Western Music History and its relations to Theological Aesthetical Thought since Carolingian Times as an introduction to 3 music articles in Part 3 of the volume.......A brief contextualising discussion of Western Music History and its relations to Theological Aesthetical Thought since Carolingian Times as an introduction to 3 music articles in Part 3 of the volume....

  2. Introduction to surveillance studies

    CERN Document Server

    Petersen, JK

    2012-01-01

    Introduction & OverviewIntroduction Brief History of Surveillance Technologies & TechniquesOptical SurveillanceAerial Surveillance Audio Surveillance Radio-Wave SurveillanceGlobal Positioning Systems Sensors Computers & the Internet Data Cards Biochemical Surveillance Animal Surveillance Biometrics Genetics Practical ConsiderationsPrevalence of Surveillance Effectiveness of Surveillance Freedom & Privacy IssuesConstitutional Freedoms Privacy Safeguards & Intrusions ResourcesReferences Glossary Index

  3. Introduction to renewable energy

    CERN Document Server

    Nelson, Vaughn C

    2011-01-01

    IntroductionEnergy and SocietyTypes of EnergyRenewable EnergyAdvantages/DisadvantagesEconomicsGlobal WarmingOrder of Magnitude EstimatesGrowth (Exponential)SolutionsEnergyIntroductionDefinition of Energy and PowerHeatThermodynamicsEnergy Dilemma in Light of the Laws of ThermodynamicsUse of Fossil FuelsNuclearFinite ResourceSummarySunSolar PowerElectromagnetic SpectrumEnergy Balance of the EarthEarth-Sun MotionInsolationSolar ResourceGreenhouse EffectHeat Transfer and StorageIntroductionConductionConvectionRadiationThermal MassSeasonal Heating or CoolingThermal ComfortSolar Heating and CoolingB

  4. Introduction to Pathogenic Protozoa

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    1 1 Introduction Mary K. Klassen-Fischer and Ronald C. Neafie Introduction Protozoa Protozoa are single-celled eukaryotic animals first dis...phylogeny of protozoa , see Table 1.1. A recent trend is to replace the term “ protozoa ” with “protista.” For these topics we retain “pro- tozoa” and...JUN 2011 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2011 to 00-00-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Introduction to Pathogenic Protozoa 5a. CONTRACT

  5. Introduction: Invertebrate Neuropeptides XIV

    Science.gov (United States)

    This publication represents an introduction to the thirteenth in a series of special issues of the Peptides journal dedicated to invertebrate neuropeptides. The issue addresses a number of aspects of invertebrate neuropeptide research including identification of novel invertebrate neuropeptide sequ...

  6. Introduction: Invertebrate Neuropeptides XV

    Science.gov (United States)

    This publication represents an introduction to the fifteenth in a series of special issues of the Peptides journal dedicated to invertebrate neuropeptides. The issue addresses a number of aspects of invertebrate neuropeptide research including identification of novel invertebrate neuropeptide seque...

  7. Introduction: Invertebrate Neuropeptides XIII

    Science.gov (United States)

    This publication represents an introduction to the thirteenth in a series of special issues of the Peptides journal dedicated to invertebrate neuropeptides. The issue addresses a number of aspects of invertebrate neuropeptide research including identification of novel invertebrate neuropeptide sequ...

  8. Introduction to graph theory

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson, Robin J

    1985-01-01

    Graph Theory has recently emerged as a subject in its own right, as well as being an important mathematical tool in such diverse subjects as operational research, chemistry, sociology and genetics. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the subject.

  9. Introduction: Invertebrate Neuropeptides XVI

    Science.gov (United States)

    This publication represents an introduction to the sixteenth in a series of special issues of the Peptides journal dedicated to invertebrate neuropeptides. The issue addresses a number of aspects of invertebrate neuropeptide research including identification of novel invertebrate neuropeptide seque...

  10. TENCompetence: an introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koper, Rob

    2006-01-01

    Koper, E. J. R. (2006). TENCompetence: an introduction. Presentation at TENCompetence Open Meeting. March, 30-31, 2006, Sofia, Bulgaria. Retrieved June 30th, 2006, from http://dspace.learningnetworks.org

  11. Introduction to commutative algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Atiyah, Michael

    1994-01-01

    This book grew out of a course of lectures given to third year undergraduates at Oxford University and it has the modest aim of producing a rapid introduction to the subject. It is designed to be read

  12. Introduction: perspectives on Porter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction. Relevance of Strategy research: focus on Michael Porter's contributions Strategy is a fascinating field of enquiry, both for managers looking for a sustainable competitive advantage and for academic researchers looking for the reasons behind superior firm performance.

  13. Introduction to numerical analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Hildebrand, F B

    1987-01-01

    Well-known, respected introduction, updated to integrate concepts and procedures associated with computers. Computation, approximation, interpolation, numerical differentiation and integration, smoothing of data, other topics in lucid presentation. Includes 150 additional problems in this edition. Bibliography.

  14. MOOC Introduction to Dutch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    den Hollander, Franciscus; Piersma, Kristien

    2015-01-01

    Interview met Margriet Hidding, Birgit Lijmbach en Jeroen van Engen, medewerkers van het Talencentrum en de makers van de Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) Introduction to Dutch over het grote succes van deze cursus

  15. Introduction to remote sensing

    CERN Document Server

    Cracknell, Arthur P

    2007-01-01

    Addressing the need for updated information in remote sensing, Introduction to Remote Sensing, Second Edition provides a full and authoritative introduction for scientists who need to know the scope, potential, and limitations in the field. The authors discuss the physical principles of common remote sensing systems and examine the processing, interpretation, and applications of data. This new edition features updated and expanded material, including greater coverage of applications from across earth, environmental, atmospheric, and oceanographic sciences. Illustrated with remotely sensed colo

  16. Stochastic processes an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Jones, Peter Watts

    2009-01-01

    Some Background on ProbabilityIntroduction Probability Conditional probability and independence Discrete random variables Continuous random variables Mean and variance Some standard discrete probability distributions Some standard continuous probability distributions Generating functions Conditional expectationSome Gambling ProblemsGambler's ruin Probability of ruin Some numerical simulations Duration of the game Some variations of gambler's ruinRandom WalksIntroduction Unrestricted random walks The probability distribution after n steps First returns of the symmetric random walkMarkov ChainsS

  17. Introduction to probability

    CERN Document Server

    Roussas, George G

    2006-01-01

    Roussas's Introduction to Probability features exceptionally clear explanations of the mathematics of probability theory and explores its diverse applications through numerous interesting and motivational examples. It provides a thorough introduction to the subject for professionals and advanced students taking their first course in probability. The content is based on the introductory chapters of Roussas's book, An Intoduction to Probability and Statistical Inference, with additional chapters and revisions. Written by a well-respected author known for great exposition an

  18. General introduction to glucosinolates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halkier, Barbara Ann

    2016-01-01

    will be presented a general introduction to glucosinolates ranging from the evolution of glucosinolates to the many roles glucosinolates have for humans as well as an overview of the current knowledge on the orchestration of the glucosinolate biosynthetic pathway. The latter includes an introduction to the genes...... to the plasma membrane. Examples of how the knowledge gained from basic research has been translated into applied glucosinolate research through pathway and transport engineering will be presented....

  19. Plasma physics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Plasma Physics: An Introduction is based on a series of university course lectures by a leading name in the field, and thoroughly covers the physics of the fourth state of matter. This book looks at non-relativistic, fully ionized, nondegenerate, quasi-neutral, and weakly coupled plasma. Intended for the student market, the text provides a concise and cohesive introduction to plasma physics theory, and offers a solid foundation for students wishing to take higher level courses in plasma physics.

  20. Biophysics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Cotteril, Rodney

    2002-01-01

    Biophysics: An Introduction, is a concise balanced introduction to this subject. Written in an accessible and readable style, the book takes a fresh, modern approach with the author successfully combining key concepts and theory with relevant applications and examples drawn from the field as a whole. Beginning with a brief introduction to the origins of biophysics, the book takes the reader through successive levels of complexity, from atoms to molecules, structures, systems and ultimately to the behaviour of organisms. The book also includes extensive coverage of biopolymers, biomembranes, biological energy, and nervous systems. The text not only explores basic ideas, but also discusses recent developments, such as protein folding, DNA/RNA conformations, molecular motors, optical tweezers and the biological origins of consciousness and intelligence.

  1. "Highly recommended introduction"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ask Vest

    2009-01-01

    by detachment, normatively and morally. Besides researching the actual abuse, individually and in aggregate, they also study structural circumstances that promote the use of drugs in sports; besides evaluations of the efficacy of the anti-doping efforts, they consider the effects of various anti-doping schemes...... on the integrity and privacy of the athletes. Ask Vest Christiansen, himself an internationally renowned scholar in the field, has read a recent, thus detached, introduction to drug use in sports, An Introduction to Drugs in Sport: Addicted to Winning by Ivan Waddington and Andy Smith (Routledge). Christiansen...... finds much to appreciate in the book, and a couple of disconcerting mistakes and misjudgments notwithstanding, he recommends the book as a solid introduction to the problem of doping – knowledgeable, well written and easy to read....

  2. Statistics a complete introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Graham, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Statistics: A Complete Introduction is the most comprehensive yet easy-to-use introduction to using Statistics. Written by a leading expert, this book will help you if you are studying for an important exam or essay, or if you simply want to improve your knowledge. The book covers all the key areas of Statistics including graphs, data interpretation, spreadsheets, regression, correlation and probability. Everything you will need is here in this one book. Each chapter includes not only an explanation of the knowledge and skills you need, but also worked examples and test questions.

  3. Introduction to adaptive arrays

    CERN Document Server

    Monzingo, Bob; Haupt, Randy

    2011-01-01

    This second edition is an extensive modernization of the bestselling introduction to the subject of adaptive array sensor systems. With the number of applications of adaptive array sensor systems growing each year, this look at the principles and fundamental techniques that are critical to these systems is more important than ever before. Introduction to Adaptive Arrays, 2nd Edition is organized as a tutorial, taking the reader by the hand and leading them through the maze of jargon that often surrounds this highly technical subject. It is easy to read and easy to follow as fundamental concept

  4. Introduction to combinatorial analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Riordan, John

    2002-01-01

    This introduction to combinatorial analysis defines the subject as ""the number of ways there are of doing some well-defined operation."" Chapter 1 surveys that part of the theory of permutations and combinations that finds a place in books on elementary algebra, which leads to the extended treatment of generation functions in Chapter 2, where an important result is the introduction of a set of multivariable polynomials.Chapter 3 contains an extended treatment of the principle of inclusion and exclusion which is indispensable to the enumeration of permutations with restricted position given

  5. Introduction to magnetochemistry

    CERN Document Server

    Earnshaw, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to Magnetochemistry provides an introduction to the more important aspects of magnetochemistry. The measurement of magnetic moment has been one of the most consistently useful to coordination chemists. For teaching purposes it provides a simple method of illustrating the ideas of electronic structure, and in research it can provide fundamental information about the bonding and stereochemistry of complexes. The book contains six chapters covering topics such as free atoms and ions, transition metal complexes, crystal field theory, second and third row transition metal complexes, a

  6. Introduction to fuzzy systems

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Guanrong

    2005-01-01

    Introduction to Fuzzy Systems provides students with a self-contained introduction that requires no preliminary knowledge of fuzzy mathematics and fuzzy control systems theory. Simplified and readily accessible, it encourages both classroom and self-directed learners to build a solid foundation in fuzzy systems. After introducing the subject, the authors move directly into presenting real-world applications of fuzzy logic, revealing its practical flavor. This practicality is then followed by basic fuzzy systems theory. The book also offers a tutorial on fuzzy control theory, based mainly on th

  7. Introduction to information processing

    CERN Document Server

    Dietel, Harvey M

    2014-01-01

    An Introduction to Information Processing provides an informal introduction to the computer field. This book introduces computer hardware, which is the actual computing equipment.Organized into three parts encompassing 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the evolution of personal computing and includes detailed case studies on two of the most essential personal computers for the 1980s, namely, the IBM Personal Computer and Apple's Macintosh. This text then traces the evolution of modern computing systems from the earliest mechanical calculating devices to microchips. Other chapte

  8. Introduction to nonimaging optics

    CERN Document Server

    Chaves, Julio

    2015-01-01

    Introduction to Nonimaging Optics covers the theoretical foundations and design methods of nonimaging optics, as well as key concepts from related fields. This fully updated, revised, and expanded Second Edition: Features a new and intuitive introduction with a basic description of the advantages of nonimaging opticsAdds new chapters on wavefronts for a prescribed output (irradiance or intensity), infinitesimal étendue optics (generalization of the aplanatic optics), and Köhler optics and color mixingIncorporates new material on the simultaneous multiple surface (SMS) design method in 3-D, int

  9. Applied energy an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Abdullah, Mohammad Omar

    2012-01-01

    Introduction to Applied EnergyGeneral IntroductionEnergy and Power BasicsEnergy EquationEnergy Generation SystemsEnergy Storage and MethodsEnergy Efficiencies and LossesEnergy industry and Energy Applications in Small -Medium Enterprises (SME) industriesEnergy IndustryEnergy-Intensive industryEnergy Applications in SME Energy industriesEnergy Sources and SupplyEnergy SourcesEnergy Supply and Energy DemandEnergy Flow Visualization and Sankey DiagramEnergy Management and AnalysisEnergy AuditsEnergy Use and Fuel Consumption StudyEnergy Life-Cycle AnalysisEnergy and EnvironmentEnergy Pollutants, S

  10. Introduction to UAV systems

    CERN Document Server

    Fahlstrom, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been widely adopted in the military world over the last decade and the success of these military applications is increasingly driving efforts to establish unmanned aircraft in non-military roles. Introduction to UAV Systems, 4th edition provides a comprehensive introduction to all of the elements of a complete Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS). It addresses the air vehicle, mission planning and control, several types of mission payloads, data links and how they interact with mission performance, and launch and recovery concepts. This

  11. Introduction to quantum electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Unger, Hans Georg

    1970-01-01

    Introduction to Quantum Electronics is based on a one-semester lecture of electrical engineering for German students. The book is an introduction to the fundamentals of lasers and masers and a presentation of the principles of physics, their theory, and methods of analysis that seek to analyze, explain, and quantify related important phenomena. The properties of a laser is then discussed, the author comparing it to the properties of the maser. Although masers are based on the same physical properties as that of the lasers, masers amplify microwaves by induced emission. How the laser is amplif

  12. Introduction to the Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhn, Johan M.; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Sørensen, Anders

    In this note a short introduction to the project “Employment Effects of Entrepreneurs” is presented. First, we describe the purpose of the project; second, we present the background; third, we briefly describe the three papers that constitute the output of the project, and fourth, we discuss two ...... important qualifications for the understanding of the contributions and results established in the project.......In this note a short introduction to the project “Employment Effects of Entrepreneurs” is presented. First, we describe the purpose of the project; second, we present the background; third, we briefly describe the three papers that constitute the output of the project, and fourth, we discuss two...

  13. Fall Protection Introduction, #33462

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chochoms, Michael [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-06-23

    The proper use of fall prevention and fall protection controls can reduce the risk of deaths and injuries caused by falls. This course, Fall Protection Introduction (#33462), is designed as an introduction to various types of recognized fall prevention and fall protection systems at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), including guardrail systems, safety net systems, fall restraint systems, and fall arrest systems. Special emphasis is given to the components, inspection, care, and storage of personal fall arrest systems (PFASs). This course also presents controls for falling object hazards and emergency planning considerations for persons who have fallen.

  14. Game theory an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Barron, E N

    2013-01-01

    An exciting new edition of the popular introduction to game theory and its applications The thoroughly expanded Second Edition presents a unique, hands-on approach to game theory. While most books on the subject are too abstract or too basic for mathematicians, Game Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition offers a blend of theory and applications, allowing readers to use theory and software to create and analyze real-world decision-making models. With a rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of mathematics, the book focuses on results that can be used to

  15. Introduction to plasma dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Morozov, A I

    2013-01-01

    As the twenty-first century progresses, plasma technology will play an increasing role in our lives, providing new sources of energy, ion-plasma processing of materials, wave electromagnetic radiation sources, space plasma thrusters, and more. Studies of the plasma state of matter not only accelerate technological developments but also improve the understanding of natural phenomena. Beginning with an introduction to the characteristics and types of plasmas, Introduction to Plasma Dynamics covers the basic models of classical diffuse plasmas used to describe such phenomena as linear and shock w

  16. Diophantine geometry an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Hindry, Marc

    2000-01-01

    This is an introduction to diophantine geometry at the advanced graduate level. The book contains a proof of the Mordell conjecture which will make it quite attractive to graduate students and professional mathematicians. In each part of the book, the reader will find numerous exercises.

  17. Introduction to Rocket Propulsion

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    Von Braun; 1966. 4. Introduction to Ordnance Technology; IHSP 76-129; 1976. 5. Physics; D. Halliday and R. Resnick ; 1963. 6. Physics Tells Why: 0...to Luke Sky- walker in Star Wars when he said "Don’t get cocky." We never plan for EVERYTHING, though we like to think we do. As we’ve said, rocket

  18. Introduction: The Transparency Issue

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Teurlings, J.; Stauff, M.

    2014-01-01

    Besides giving an overview on the individual contributions, this introduction to the special issue on transparency delineates a conceptual context for a critical analysis of the contemporary discourse on transparency and the media mechanisms related to it. It focuses on three ambivalences inherent t

  19. Introduction to solitons

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Miki Wadati

    2001-11-01

    As an introduction to the special issue on nonlinear waves, solitons and their significance in physics are reviewed. The soliton is the first universal concept in nonlinear science. Universality and ubiquity of the soliton concept are emphasized.

  20. Introduction to number theory

    CERN Document Server

    Vazzana, Anthony; Garth, David

    2007-01-01

    One of the oldest branches of mathematics, number theory is a vast field devoted to studying the properties of whole numbers. Offering a flexible format for a one- or two-semester course, Introduction to Number Theory uses worked examples, numerous exercises, and two popular software packages to describe a diverse array of number theory topics.

  1. Introduction to topology

    CERN Document Server

    Mendelson, Bert

    1990-01-01

    Highly regarded for its exceptional clarity, imaginative and instructive exercises, and fine writing style, this concise book offers an ideal introduction to the fundamentals of topology. It provides a simple, thorough survey of elementary topics, starting with set theory and advancing to metric and topological spaces, connectedness, and compactness. 1975 edition.

  2. Introduction: perspectives on Porter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction. Relevance of Strategy research: focus on Michael Porter's contributions Strategy is a fascinating field of enquiry, both for managers looking for a sustainable competitive advantage and for academic researchers looking for the reasons behind superior firm performance. Strat

  3. Writing the introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peh, W C; Ng, K H

    2008-10-01

    The introduction section of a scientific paper aims to introduce a specific topic and to stimulate the reader's interest. It provides background information about what has already been done by others, supported by a limited number of relevant references. The reader should be informed about the purpose of the paper, what it will address, and how it relates to previous work.

  4. Introduction and New Aspects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    This chapter provides a brief introduction to biochromophores encountered in nature, and how their π-conjugated structures determine their excitation energies, i.e., their colour. Perturbations of electronic structure by a microenvironment such as water or charge sites are discussed. These may lead...

  5. Introduction into TENCompetence: Technologies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koper, Rob

    2005-01-01

    This video is recorded during the kick-off meeting of the TENCompetence Project at 8 December 2005 in Valkenburg a/d Geul, The Netherlands (Hotel Rooding). It contains the third 16 minutes of the introduction into the project and defines the technical requirements and the integration of existing

  6. Introduction to Relational Programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-01

    such as Russell’s "rami- tied type theory." In most other respects our notation follows that of Carnap 11] and Whitehead and Russell [8]. There is no... Carnap , R. Introduction to Symbolic Logic and its Applica- tions, Dover, 1958. [2] Childs, D.L. Feasibility of a set-theoretic data structure based on a

  7. Introduction to Shakespeare: English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargraves, Richard

    The "Introduction to Shakespeare" course in the Quinmester Program involves the careful study of the tragedy "Romeo and Juliet" and the comedy "The Taming of the Shrew," emphasizing language, development of character and theme. The course also includes the study of biographical data relevant to the evolution of Shakespeare's literary genius, and…

  8. Chemical Safety – Introduction

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2009-01-01

    A course of "Chemical Safety – Introduction" will be held in English on 29 May 2009, 9:30-12:00. There are some places left. If you are interested in participating, please register on the Training Catalogue. You will then receive an invitation by email.

  9. Labour and Passion. : Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hermes, Joke

    2014-01-01

    Abstract In this introduction to the themed section on ‘Labour and passion’, it is argued that work has bled into all areas of life. Political economists and media production researchers have shown how both paid and unpaid labour are singularly important and build upon one another. The set of articl

  10. Introduction to the Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhn, Johan M.; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Sørensen, Anders

    In this note a short introduction to the project “Employment Effects of Entrepreneurs” is presented. First, we describe the purpose of the project; second, we present the background; third, we briefly describe the three papers that constitute the output of the project, and fourth, we discuss two...... important qualifications for the understanding of the contributions and results established in the project....

  11. An Introduction to Psycholinguistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jodai, Hojat

    2011-01-01

    This paper is written to have a preliminary introduction about psycholinguistics. Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the interrelation between linguistic factors and psychological aspects. The main subject of research in psycholinguistics is the study of cognitive processes that underlie the comprehension and production of…

  12. Introduction to International Trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crummett, Dan M.; Crummett, Jerrie

    This set of student and teacher guides is intended for use in a course to prepare students for entry-level employment in such occupational areas in international trade as business/finance, communications, logistics, and marketing. The following topics are covered in the course's five instructional units: introduction to careers in international…

  13. Introduction: perspectives on Porter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction. Relevance of Strategy research: focus on Michael Porter's contributions Strategy is a fascinating field of enquiry, both for managers looking for a sustainable competitive advantage and for academic researchers looking for the reasons behind superior firm performance. Strat

  14. Historiography: an introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, F Clifford

    2002-03-01

    This introduction precedes the four papers given in October 2000 in Copenhagen on analysing problems in the history of the neurosciences. The term historiography can be defined in different ways but means the study, and not simply the writing, of history. Although it goes back two millennia, it is a rapidly developing field as illustrated by the subsequent contributions.

  15. Introduction to quantum mechanics

    OpenAIRE

    Villaseñor, Eduardo J. S.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this contribution is to give a very brief introduction to Quantum Mechanics for an audience of mathematicians. I will follow Segal's approach to Quantum Mechanics paying special attention to algebraic issues. The usual representation of Quantum Mechanics on Hilbert spaces is also discussed.

  16. Introduction and Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Corinne

    2001-01-01

    Provides an introduction to articles in this special "Perspectives" issue of "Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology." The articles, taken collectively, contain significant elements of a research agenda in image indexing and retrieval for the next decade. Articles focus on user, representation, and system issues.…

  17. An Introduction to Malware

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharp, Robin

    2007-01-01

    These notes intended for use in DTU course 02233 on Network Security give a short introduction to the topic of malware. The most important types of malware are described, together with their basic principles of operation and dissemination, and defences against malware are discussed....

  18. An Introduction to Malware

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharp, Robin

    2013-01-01

    These notes, intended for use in DTU course 02233 on Network Security, give a short introduction to the topic of malware. The most important types of malware are described, together with their basic principles of operation and dissemination, and defenses against malware are discussed....

  19. Introduction to ultrasonic motors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sashida, Toshiiku; Kenjo, Takashi.

    1993-01-01

    The ultrasonic motor, invented in 1980, utilizes the piezoelectric effect in the ultrasonic frequency range to provide the motive force. (In conventional electric motors the motive force is electromagnetic.) The result is a motor with unusually good low-speed high-torque and power-to-weight characteristics. It has already found applications in camera autofocus mechanisms, medical equipment subject to high magnetic fields, and motorized car accessories. Its applications will increase as designers become more familiar with its unique characteristics. This book is the result of a collaboration between the inventor and an expert in conventional electric motors: the result is an introduction to the general theory presented in a way that links it to conventional motor theory. It will be invaluable both to motor designers and to those who design with and use electric motors as an introduction to this important new invention.

  20. Introduction to computer networking

    CERN Document Server

    Robertazzi, Thomas G

    2017-01-01

    This book gives a broad look at both fundamental networking technology and new areas that support it and use it. It is a concise introduction to the most prominent, recent technological topics in computer networking. Topics include network technology such as wired and wireless networks, enabling technologies such as data centers, software defined networking, cloud and grid computing and applications such as networks on chips, space networking and network security. The accessible writing style and non-mathematical treatment makes this a useful book for the student, network and communications engineer, computer scientist and IT professional. • Features a concise, accessible treatment of computer networking, focusing on new technological topics; • Provides non-mathematical introduction to networks in their most common forms today;< • Includes new developments in switching, optical networks, WiFi, Bluetooth, LTE, 5G, and quantum cryptography.

  1. Geometric Complexity Theory: Introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Sohoni, Ketan D Mulmuley Milind

    2007-01-01

    These are lectures notes for the introductory graduate courses on geometric complexity theory (GCT) in the computer science department, the university of Chicago. Part I consists of the lecture notes for the course given by the first author in the spring quarter, 2007. It gives introduction to the basic structure of GCT. Part II consists of the lecture notes for the course given by the second author in the spring quarter, 2003. It gives introduction to invariant theory with a view towards GCT. No background in algebraic geometry or representation theory is assumed. These lecture notes in conjunction with the article \\cite{GCTflip1}, which describes in detail the basic plan of GCT based on the principle called the flip, should provide a high level picture of GCT assuming familiarity with only basic notions of algebra, such as groups, rings, fields etc.

  2. Introduction to Sporadic Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis J. Boya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This is an introduction to finite simple groups, in particular sporadic groups, intended for physicists. After a short review of group theory, we enumerate the 1+1+16=18 families of finite simple groups, as an introduction to the sporadic groups. These are described next, in three levels of increasing complexity, plus the six isolated ''pariah'' groups. The (old five Mathieu groups make up the first, smallest order level. The seven groups related to the Leech lattice, including the three Conway groups, constitute the second level. The third and highest level contains the Monster group M, plus seven other related groups. Next a brief mention is made of the remaining six pariah groups, thus completing the 5+7+8+6=26 sporadic groups. The review ends up with a brief discussion of a few of physical applications of finite groups in physics, including a couple of recent examples which use sporadic groups.

  3. Introduction to Abelian varieties

    CERN Document Server

    Murty, V Kumar

    1993-01-01

    The book represents an introduction to the theory of abelian varieties with a view to arithmetic. The aim is to introduce some of the basics of the theory as well as some recent arithmetic applications to graduate students and researchers in other fields. The first part contains proofs of the Abel-Jacobi theorem, Riemann's relations and the Lefschetz theorem on projective embeddings over the complex numbers in the spirit of S. Lang's book Introduction to algebraic and abelian functions. Then the Jacobians of Fermat curves as well as some modular curves are discussed. Finally, as an application, Faltings' proof of the Mordell conjecture and its intermediate steps, the Tate conjecture and the Shafarevich conjecture, are sketched. - H. Lange for MathSciNet.

  4. Mind a brief introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Searle, John R

    2004-01-01

    "The philosophy of mind is unique among contemporary philosophical subjects," writes John Searle, "in that all of the most famous and influential theories are false." One of the world's most eminent thinkers, Searle dismantles these theories as he presents a vividly written, comprehensive introduction to the mind. He begins with a look at the twelve problems of philosophy of mind--which he calls "Descartes and Other Disasters"--problems which he returns to throughout the volume, as he illuminates such topics as materialism, consciousness, the mind-body problem, intentionality, mental causation, free will, and the self. The book offers a refreshingly direct and engaging introduction to one of the most intriguing areas of philosophy.

  5. Introduction to microarray technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dufva, Martin

    2009-01-01

    DNA microarrays can be used for large number of application where high-throughput is needed. The ability to probe a sample for hundred to million different molecules at once has made DNA microarray one of the fastest growing techniques since its introduction about 15 years ago. Microarray technology can be used for large scale genotyping, gene expression profiling, comparative genomic hybridization and resequencing among other applications. Microarray technology is a complex mixture of numerous technology and research fields such as mechanics, microfabrication, chemistry, DNA behaviour, microfluidics, enzymology, optics and bioinformatics. This chapter will give an introduction to each five basic steps in microarray technology that includes fabrication, target preparation, hybridization, detection and data analysis. Basic concepts and nomenclature used in the field of microarray technology and their relationships will also be explained.

  6. Introduction to noncommutative algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Brešar, Matej

    2014-01-01

    Providing an elementary introduction to noncommutative rings and algebras, this textbook begins with the classical theory of finite dimensional algebras. Only after this, modules, vector spaces over division rings, and tensor products are introduced and studied. This is followed by Jacobson's structure theory of rings. The final chapters treat free algebras, polynomial identities, and rings of quotients. Many of the results are not presented in their full generality. Rather, the emphasis is on clarity of exposition and simplicity of the proofs, with several being different from those in other texts on the subject. Prerequisites are kept to a minimum, and new concepts are introduced gradually and are carefully motivated. Introduction to Noncommutative Algebra is therefore accessible to a wide mathematical audience. It is, however, primarily intended for beginning graduate and advanced undergraduate students encountering noncommutative algebra for the first time.

  7. Introduction to modern magnetohydrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Galtier, Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    Ninety-nine percent of ordinary matter in the Universe is in the form of ionized fluids, or plasmas. The study of the magnetic properties of such electrically conducting fluids, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), has become a central theory in astrophysics, as well as in areas such as engineering and geophysics. This textbook offers a comprehensive introduction to MHD and its recent applications, in nature and in laboratory plasmas; from the machinery of the Sun and galaxies, to the cooling of nuclear reactors and the geodynamo. It exposes advanced undergraduate and graduate students to both classical and modern concepts, making them aware of current research and the ever-widening scope of MHD. Rigorous derivations within the text, supplemented by over 100 illustrations and followed by exercises and worked solutions at the end of each chapter, provide an engaging and practical introduction to the subject and an accessible route into this wide-ranging field.

  8. Introduction to linear elasticity

    CERN Document Server

    Gould, Phillip L

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to Linear Elasticity, 3rd Edition, provides an applications-oriented grounding in the tensor-based theory of elasticity for students in mechanical, civil, aeronautical, and biomedical engineering, as well as materials and earth science. The book is distinct from the traditional text aimed at graduate students in solid mechanics by introducing the subject at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The author's presentation allows students to apply the basic notions of stress analysis and move on to advanced work in continuum mechanics, plasticity, plate and shell theory, composite materials, viscoelasticity and finite method analysis. This book also:  Emphasizes tensor-based approach while still distilling down to explicit notation Provides introduction to theory of plates, theory of shells, wave propagation, viscoelasticity and plasticity accessible to advanced undergraduate students Appropriate for courses following emerging trend of teaching solid mechan...

  9. Introduction to heat transfer

    CERN Document Server

    SUNDÉN, B

    2012-01-01

    Presenting the basic mechanisms for transfer of heat, Introduction to Heat Transfer gives a deeper and more comprehensive view than existing titles on the subject. Derivation and presentation of analytical and empirical methods are provided for calculation of heat transfer rates and temperature fields as well as pressure drop. The book covers thermal conduction, forced and natural laminar and turbulent convective heat transfer, thermal radiation including participating media, condensation, evaporation and heat exchangers.

  10. Introduction to superstring theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunez, Carmen [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Buenos Aires (Argentina)], e-mail: carmen@iafe.uba.ar

    2009-07-01

    This is a very basic introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence. The first lecture motivates the duality between gauge theories and gravity/string theories. The next two lectures introduce the bosonic and supersymmetric string theories. The fourth lecture is devoted to study Dp-branes and finally, in the fifth lecture I discuss the two worlds: N=4 SYM in 3+1 flat dimensions and type IIB superstrings in AdS{sub 5} x S5. (author)

  11. Introduction to minimax

    CERN Document Server

    Dem'yanov, V F; Louvish, D

    2014-01-01

    This user-friendly text offers a thorough introduction to the part of optimization theory that lies between approximation theory and mathematical programming, both linear and nonlinear. Written by two distinguished mathematicians, the expert treatment covers the essentials, incorporating important background materials, examples, and extensive notes.Geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematical programming, the text explores best approximation by algebraic polynomials in both discrete and continuous cases; the discrete problem, with and without constraints; the gene

  12. Introduction to Plasma Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurnett, Donald A.; Bhattacharjee, Amitava

    2017-03-01

    Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Characteristic parameters of a plasma; 3. Single particle motions; 4. Waves in a cold plasma; 5. Kinetic theory and the moment equations; 6. Magnetohydrodynamics; 7. MHD equilibria and stability; 8. Discontinuities and shock waves; 9. Electrostatic waves in a hot unmagnetized plasma; 10. Waves in a hot magnetized plasma; 11. Nonlinear effects; 12. Collisional processes; Appendix A. Symbols; Appendix B. Useful trigonometric identities; Appendix C. Vector differential operators; Appendix D. Vector calculus identities; Index.

  13. Introduction to neutron scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, W.E. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

    1996-11-01

    We give here an introduction to the theoretical principles of neutron scattering. The relationship between scattering- and correlation-functions is particularly emphasized. Within the framework of linear response theory (justified by the weakness of the basic interaction) the relation between fluctuation and dissipation is discussed. This general framework explains the particular power of neutron scattering as an experimental method. (author) 4 figs., 4 refs.

  14. Introduction to Extra Dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rizzo, Thomas G.; /SLAC

    2010-04-29

    Extra dimensions provide a very useful tool in addressing a number of the fundamental problems faced by the Standard Model. The following provides a very basic introduction to this very broad subject area as given at the VIII School of the Gravitational and Mathematical Physics Division of the Mexican Physical Society in December 2009. Some prospects for extra dimensional searches at the 7 TeV LHC with {approx}1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity are provided.

  15. Introduction to parallel programming

    CERN Document Server

    Brawer, Steven

    1989-01-01

    Introduction to Parallel Programming focuses on the techniques, processes, methodologies, and approaches involved in parallel programming. The book first offers information on Fortran, hardware and operating system models, and processes, shared memory, and simple parallel programs. Discussions focus on processes and processors, joining processes, shared memory, time-sharing with multiple processors, hardware, loops, passing arguments in function/subroutine calls, program structure, and arithmetic expressions. The text then elaborates on basic parallel programming techniques, barriers and race

  16. Introduction to cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Roos, Matts

    2015-01-01

    The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Cosmology provides a concise, authoritative study of cosmology at an introductory level. Starting from elementary principles and the early history of cosmology, the text carefully guides the student on to curved spacetimes, special and general relativity, gravitational lensing, the thermal history of the Universe, and cosmological models, including extended gravity models, black holes and Hawking's recent conjectures on the not-so-black holes.

  17. Introduction to microprocessors

    CERN Document Server

    Aspinall, D

    1977-01-01

    Introduction to Microprocessors introduces the practicing engineer to microprocessors and covers topics ranging from components for information processing to hardware structures and addressing modes, along with support software and structured programming. General principles are illustrated with examples from commercial microprocessors.Comprised of 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of digital information processing systems and their components, including logic circuits and large scale integration (LSI) digital circuits. A basic microprocessor structure is then described, and case s

  18. Introduction to electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Korneff, Theodore

    1966-01-01

    Introduction to Electronics focuses on the study of electronics and electronic devices. Composed of 14 chapters, the book starts with discussions on dc circuits, including resistance, voltmeter, ammeter, galvanometer, internal resistance, and positive and negative currents. This topic is followed by discussions on ac circuits, particularly addressing voltage and current, average power, resistive load, complex plane, and parallel circuits. Discussions also focus on filters and tuned circuits, diodes, and power supplies. Particularly given attention are the processes, diagrams, and analyses

  19. Introduction to reversible computing

    CERN Document Server

    Perumalla, Kalyan S

    2013-01-01

    Few books comprehensively cover the software and programming aspects of reversible computing. Filling this gap, Introduction to Reversible Computing offers an expanded view of the field that includes the traditional energy-motivated hardware viewpoint as well as the emerging application-motivated software approach. Collecting scattered knowledge into one coherent account, the book provides a compendium of both classical and recently developed results on reversible computing. It explores up-and-coming theories, techniques, and tools for the application of rever

  20. Introduction to contact mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Fischer-Cripps, Anthony C

    2000-01-01

    Contact mechanics deals with the elastic or plastic contact between two solid objects, and is thus intimately connected with such topics as fracture, hardness, and elasticity.This text, intended for advanced undergraduates, begins with an introduction to the mechanical properties of materials, general fracture mechanics, and fractures in brittle solids.This is followed by a detailed discussion of stresses and the nature of elastic and elastic-plastic contact.

  1. Introduction to Feynman Integrals

    CERN Document Server

    Weinzierl, Stefan

    2010-01-01

    In these lectures I will give an introduction to Feynman integrals. In the first part of the course I review the basics of the perturbative expansion in quantum field theories. In the second part of the course I will discuss more advanced topics: Mathematical aspects of loop integrals related to periods, shuffle algebras and multiple polylogarithms are covered as well as practical algorithms for evaluating Feynman integrals.

  2. An Introduction to Webs

    OpenAIRE

    White, C. D.

    2015-01-01

    Webs are sets of Feynman diagrams that contribute to the exponents of scattering amplitudes, in the kinematic limit in which emitted radiation is soft. As such, they have a number of phenomenological and formal applications, and offer tantalising glimpses into the all-order structure of perturbative quantum field theory. This article is based on a series of lectures given to graduate students, and aims to provide a pedagogical introduction to webs. Topics covered include exponentiation in (no...

  3. Combinatorics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Faticoni, Theodore G

    2014-01-01

    Bridges combinatorics and probability and uniquely includes detailed formulas and proofs to promote mathematical thinking Combinatorics: An Introduction introduces readers to counting combinatorics, offers examples that feature unique approaches and ideas, and presents case-by-case methods for solving problems. Detailing how combinatorial problems arise in many areas of pure mathematics, most notably in algebra, probability theory, topology, and geometry, this book provides discussion on logic and paradoxes; sets and set notations; power sets and their cardinality; Venn diagrams; the multip

  4. Introduction to nanotheranostics

    CERN Document Server

    Tamil Selvan, Subramanian

    2016-01-01

    This book offers readers an introduction to the current status of nanoparticles and other nanomaterials that have potential applications in theranostics. Above all, it highlights the diagnostic and therapeutic applications of metallic (e.g. Au, Ag), semiconducting quantum dots (e.g. CdSe, CdTe), magnetic (e.g. Fe3O4, FePt, Co), and multifunctional (combination of two or three) nanoparticles. .

  5. Comparative government : an introduction

    OpenAIRE

    1990-01-01

    A comprehensive and systematic introduction to the institutions and patterns of behavior of political systems worldwide. The book is concept rather than country based, looking in the depth at the key elements necessary to an understanding of political institutions and political change. It also looks at the part played by bureaucracies, the military and the courts in political life and the extent to which people participate directory in politics. Part I. General frameworks and concepts. -- ...

  6. Introduction to microfabrication

    CERN Document Server

    Franssila, Sami

    2005-01-01

    Microfabrication is the key technology behind integrated circuits, microsensors, photonic crystals, ink jet printers, solar cells and flat panel displays. Microsystems can be complex, but the basic microstructures and processes of microfabrication are fairly simple. Introduction to Microfabrication shows how the common microfabrication concepts can be applied over and over again to create devices with a wide variety of structures and functions.Featuring:* A comprehensive presentation of basic fabrication processes* An emphasis on materials and microstructures, rather than devic

  7. Introduction to Sonar, Revision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    sodium potassium tartrate), Figure 63.-Scanning magnetostrictive transducer. ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (ADP), and 89 INTRODUCTION TO SONAR... dihydrogen phosphate 4. barium titanate 3-53. In which unit is the incoming echo signal strength increased before 3-46. The maintenance of the close con...restrictions, A controlled area does not contain classified controls, and protective measures required vary information. It serves as a buffer zone to

  8. Differential topology an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Gauld, David B

    2006-01-01

    Offering classroom-proven results, Differential Topology presents an introduction to point set topology via a naive version of nearness space. Its treatment encompasses a general study of surgery, laying a solid foundation for further study and greatly simplifying the classification of surfaces.This self-contained treatment features 88 helpful illustrations. Its subjects include topological spaces and properties, some advanced calculus, differentiable manifolds, orientability, submanifolds and an embedding theorem, and tangent spaces. Additional topics comprise vector fields and integral curv

  9. Introduction to abstract algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Nicholson, W Keith

    2012-01-01

    Praise for the Third Edition ". . . an expository masterpiece of the highest didactic value that has gained additional attractivity through the various improvements . . ."-Zentralblatt MATH The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Abstract Algebra continues to provide an accessible approach to the basic structures of abstract algebra: groups, rings, and fields. The book's unique presentation helps readers advance to abstract theory by presenting concrete examples of induction, number theory, integers modulo n, and permutations before the abstract structures are defined. Readers can immediately be

  10. Introduction to biomechatronics

    CERN Document Server

    Brooker, Graham

    2012-01-01

    Introduction to Biomechatronics provides fundamental knowledge of mechanical and electronic (mechatronic) components and systems and their interaction with human biology to assist or replace limbs, senses, and even organs damaged by trauma, birth defects, or disease. The first half of the book provides the engineering background to understand all the components of a biomechatronic system: the human subject, stimulus or actuation, transducers and sensors, signal conditioning elements, recording and display, and feedback elements.

  11. Introduction to Pump Rotordynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-01

    RTO-EN-AVT-143 9 - 1 Introduction to Pump Rotordynamics Luis San Andrés Mast-Childs Tribology Professor Turbomachinery Laboratory Texas A... rotordynamics of turbomachinery, excessive vibration and instability. The acceptable performance of a turbomachine depends on the adequate design and operation...on rotordynamics . The basic equations for the modeling of linear rotor-bearing systems are given along with an example for the rotordynamics of a

  12. Earth System Monitoring, Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orcutt, John

    This section provides sensing and data collection methodologies, as well as an understanding of Earth's climate parameters and natural and man-made phenomena, to support a scientific assessment of the Earth system as a whole, and its response to natural and human-induced changes. The coverage ranges from climate change factors and extreme weather and fires to oil spill tracking and volcanic eruptions. This serves as a basis to enable improved prediction and response to climate change, weather, and natural hazards as well as dissemination of the data and conclusions. The data collection systems include satellite remote sensing, aerial surveys, and land- and ocean-based monitoring stations. Our objective in this treatise is to provide a significant portion of the scientific and engineering basis of Earth system monitoring and to provide this in 17 detailed articles or chapters written at a level for use by university students through practicing professionals. The reader is also directed to the closely related sections on Ecological Systems, Introduction and also Climate Change Modeling Methodology, Introduction as well as Climate Change Remediation, Introduction to. For ease of use by students, each article begins with a glossary of terms, while at an average length of 25 print pages each, sufficient detail is presented for use by professionals in government, universities, and industries. The chapters are individually summarized below.

  13. The CIC Historic Campus Architecture Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekman, Richard H.

    2011-01-01

    America's private colleges and universities include most of the oldest institutions of higher education in the country, and their evolving physical campuses say much about American education. In recent years, the study of campus history, preservation, and adaptive reuse has received increasing attention by many sectors of the educational…

  14. Introduction to Artificial Neural Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jan

    1999-01-01

    The note addresses introduction to signal analysis and classification based on artificial feed-forward neural networks.......The note addresses introduction to signal analysis and classification based on artificial feed-forward neural networks....

  15. Introduction to cardinal arithmetic

    CERN Document Server

    Holz, M; Weitz, E

    1999-01-01

    This book is an introduction into modern cardinal arithmetic in the frame of the axioms of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory together with the axiom of choice (ZFC). A first part describes the classical theory developed by Bernstein, Cantor, Hausdorff, König and Tarski between 1870 and 1930. Next, the development in the 1970s led by Galvin, Hajnal and Silver is characterized. The third part presents the fundamental investigations in pcf theory which have been worked out by Shelah to answer the questions left open in the 1970s.Reviews:'The authors aim their text at beginners in set theory. They start

  16. Introduction to biosensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhalla, Nikhil; Jolly, Pawan; Formisano, Nello

    2016-01-01

    Biosensors are nowadays ubiquitous in biomedical diagnosis as well as a wide range of other areas such as point-of-care monitoring of treatment and disease progression, environmental monitoring, food control, drug discovery, forensics and biomedical research. A wide range of techniques can be used for the development of biosensors. Their coupling with high-affinity biomolecules allows the sensitive and selective detection of a range of analytes. We give a general introduction to biosensors and biosensing technologies, including a brief historical overview, introducing key developments in the field and illustrating the breadth of biomolecular sensing strategies and the expansion of nanotechnological approaches that are now available. PMID:27365030

  17. Introduction to Waste Engineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2011-01-01

    Solid waste management as introduced in Chapter 1.1 builds in many ways on engineering. Waste engineering here means the skills and ability to understand quantitatively how a waste management system works in such a detail that waste management can be planned, facilities can be designed and sited......) regional plans for waste management, including (3) the selection of main management technologies and siting of facilities, (4) the design of individual technological units and, for example, (5) the operation of recycling schemes within a municipality. This chapter gives an introduction to waste engineering...

  18. Introduction to laser technology

    CERN Document Server

    Hitz, C Breck; Hecht, Jeff; Hitz, C Breck; John Wiley & Sons

    2001-01-01

    Electrical Engineering Introduction to Laser Technology , Third Edition. Would you like to know how a laser works, and how it can be modified for your own specific tasks? This intuitive third edition-previously published as Understanding Laser Technology , First and Second Editions-introduces engineers, scientists, technicians, and novices alike to the world of modern lasers, without delving into the mathematical details of quantum electronics. It is the only introductory text on the market today that explains the underlying physics and engineering applicable to all lasers. A unique combinatio.

  19. Introduction to laser technology

    CERN Document Server

    Hitz, C Breck; Hecht, Jeff

    2012-01-01

    The only introductory text on the market today that explains the underlying physics and engineering applicable to all lasersAlthough lasers are becoming increasingly important in our high-tech environment, many of the technicians and engineers who install, operate, and maintain them have had little, if any, formal training in the field of electro-optics. This can result in less efficient usage of these important tools. Introduction to Laser Technology, Fourth Edition provides readers with a good understanding of what a laser is and what it can and cannot do. The book explains what types of las.

  20. An introduction to cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Narlikar, Jayant Vishnu

    2002-01-01

    The third edition of this successful textbook is fully updated and includes important recent developments in cosmology. It begins with an introduction to cosmology and general relativity, and goes on to cover the mathematical models of standard cosmology. The physical aspects of cosmology, including primordial nucleosynthesis, the astroparticle physics of inflation, and the current ideas on structure formation are discussed. Alternative models of cosmology are reviewed, including the model of Quasi-Steady State Cosmology, which has recently been proposed as an alternative to Big Bang Cosmology.

  1. Introduction to mathematical logic

    CERN Document Server

    Mendelson, Elliott

    2015-01-01

    The new edition of this classic textbook, Introduction to Mathematical Logic, Sixth Edition explores the principal topics of mathematical logic. It covers propositional logic, first-order logic, first-order number theory, axiomatic set theory, and the theory of computability. The text also discusses the major results of Gödel, Church, Kleene, Rosser, and Turing.The sixth edition incorporates recent work on Gödel's second incompleteness theorem as well as restoring an appendix on consistency proofs for first-order arithmetic. This appendix last appeared in the first edition. It is offered in th

  2. Introduction to combinatorial designs

    CERN Document Server

    Wallis, WD

    2007-01-01

    Combinatorial theory is one of the fastest growing areas of modern mathematics. Focusing on a major part of this subject, Introduction to Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition provides a solid foundation in the classical areas of design theory as well as in more contemporary designs based on applications in a variety of fields. After an overview of basic concepts, the text introduces balanced designs and finite geometries. The author then delves into balanced incomplete block designs, covering difference methods, residual and derived designs, and resolvability. Following a chapter on the e

  3. Theoretical astrophysics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Bartelmann, Matthias

    2013-01-01

    A concise yet comprehensive introduction to the central theoretical concepts of modern astrophysics, presenting hydrodynamics, radiation, and stellar dynamics all in one textbook. Adopting a modular structure, the author illustrates a small number of fundamental physical methods and principles, which are sufficient to describe and understand a wide range of seemingly very diverse astrophysical phenomena and processes. For example, the formulae that define the macroscopic behavior of stellar systems are all derived in the same way from the microscopic distribution function. This function it

  4. Introduction to complex analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Priestley, H A

    2003-01-01

    Complex analysis is a classic and central area of mathematics, which is studied and exploited in a range of important fields, from number theory to engineering. Introduction to Complex Analysis was first published in 1985, and for this much awaited second edition the text has been considerably expanded, while retaining the style of the original. More detailed presentation is given of elementary topics, to reflect the knowledge base of current students. Exercise sets have beensubstantially revised and enlarged, with carefully graded exercises at the end of each chapter.This is the latest additi

  5. An introduction to webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, C. D.

    2016-04-01

    Webs are sets of Feynman diagrams that contribute to the exponents of scattering amplitudes, in the kinematic limit in which emitted radiation is soft. As such, they have a number of phenomenological and formal applications, and offer tantalizing glimpses into the all-order structure of perturbative quantum field theory. This article is based on a series of lectures given to graduate students, and aims to provide a pedagogical introduction to webs. Topics covered include exponentiation in (non-)abelian gauge theories, the web mixing matrix formalism for non-abelian gauge theories, and recent progress on the calculation of web diagrams. Problems are included throughout the text, to aid understanding.

  6. Fourier analysis an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Stein, Elias M

    2003-01-01

    This first volume, a three-part introduction to the subject, is intended for students with a beginning knowledge of mathematical analysis who are motivated to discover the ideas that shape Fourier analysis. It begins with the simple conviction that Fourier arrived at in the early nineteenth century when studying problems in the physical sciences--that an arbitrary function can be written as an infinite sum of the most basic trigonometric functions.The first part implements this idea in terms of notions of convergence and summability of Fourier series, while highlighting applications such as th

  7. Introduction to Heat Pipes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ku, Jentung

    2015-01-01

    This is the presentation file for the short course Introduction to Heat Pipes, to be conducted at the 2015 Thermal Fluids and Analysis Workshop, August 3-7, 2015, Silver Spring, Maryland. NCTS 21070-15. Course Description: This course will present operating principles of the heat pipe with emphases on the underlying physical processes and requirements of pressure and energy balance. Performance characterizations and design considerations of the heat pipe will be highlighted. Guidelines for thermal engineers in the selection of heat pipes as part of the spacecraft thermal control system, testing methodology, and analytical modeling will also be discussed.

  8. Introduction to information retrieval

    CERN Document Server

    Manning, Christopher D; Schütze, Hinrich

    2008-01-01

    Class-tested and coherent, this textbook teaches classical and web information retrieval, including web search and the related areas of text classification and text clustering from basic concepts. It gives an up-to-date treatment of all aspects of the design and implementation of systems for gathering, indexing, and searching documents; methods for evaluating systems; and an introduction to the use of machine learning methods on text collections. All the important ideas are explained using examples and figures, making it perfect for introductory courses in information retrieval for advanced un

  9. Game Theory An Introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Barron, E N

    2008-01-01

    A fundamental introduction to modern game theory from a mathematical viewpoint. Game theory arises in almost every fact of human and inhuman interaction since oftentimes during these communications objectives are opposed or cooperation is viewed as an option. From economics and finance to biology and computer science, researchers and practitioners are often put in complex decision-making scenarios, whether they are interacting with each other or working with evolving technology and artificial intelligence. Acknowledging the role of mathematics in making logical and advantageous decisions, Game

  10. An Introduction to Webs

    CERN Document Server

    White, C D

    2015-01-01

    Webs are sets of Feynman diagrams that contribute to the exponents of scattering amplitudes, in the kinematic limit in which emitted radiation is soft. As such, they have a number of phenomenological and formal applications, and offer tantalising glimpses into the all-order structure of perturbative quantum field theory. This article is based on a series of lectures given to graduate students, and aims to provide a pedagogical introduction to webs. Topics covered include exponentiation in (non-)abelian gauge theories, the web mixing matrix formalism for non-abelian gauge theories, and recent progress on the calculation of web diagrams. Problems are included throughout the text, to aid understanding.

  11. Introduction to Econophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantegna, Rosario N.; Stanley, H. Eugene

    2007-08-01

    Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Efficient market hypothesis; 3. Random walk; 4. Lévy stochastic processes and limit theorems; 5. Scales in financial data; 6. Stationarity and time correlation; 7. Time correlation in financial time series; 8. Stochastic models of price dynamics; 9. Scaling and its breakdown; 10. ARCH and GARCH processes; 11. Financial markets and turbulence; 12. Correlation and anti-correlation between stocks; 13. Taxonomy of a stock portfolio; 14. Options in idealized markets; 15. Options in real markets; Appendix A: notation guide; Appendix B: martingales; References; Index.

  12. Introduction to cluster dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Reinhard, Paul-Gerhard

    2008-01-01

    Clusters as mesoscopic particles represent an intermediate state of matter between single atoms and solid material. The tendency to miniaturise technical objects requires knowledge about systems which contain a ""small"" number of atoms or molecules only. This is all the more true for dynamical aspects, particularly in relation to the qick development of laser technology and femtosecond spectroscopy. Here, for the first time is a highly qualitative introduction to cluster physics. With its emphasis on cluster dynamics, this will be vital to everyone involved in this interdisciplinary subje

  13. Introduction to applied thermodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Helsdon, R M; Walker, G E

    1965-01-01

    Introduction to Applied Thermodynamics is an introductory text on applied thermodynamics and covers topics ranging from energy and temperature to reversibility and entropy, the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and the properties of ideal gases. Standard air cycles and the thermodynamic properties of pure substances are also discussed, together with gas compressors, combustion, and psychrometry. This volume is comprised of 16 chapters and begins with an overview of the concept of energy as well as the macroscopic and molecular approaches to thermodynamics. The following chapters focus o

  14. Introduction to real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Schramm, Michael J

    2008-01-01

    This text forms a bridge between courses in calculus and real analysis. It focuses on the construction of mathematical proofs as well as their final content. Suitable for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students of real analysis, it also provides a vital reference book for advanced courses in mathematics.The four-part treatment begins with an introduction to basic logical structures and techniques of proof, including discussions of the cardinality concept and the algebraic and order structures of the real and rational number systems. Part Two presents in-depth examinations of the compl

  15. Guest Editor's Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seeberg, Peter

    2015-01-01

    This introductory article’s point of departure is the transformation processes that have taken place in theMiddle East since 2011. It presents perspectives in the academic discussions following the surprising events in a post-‘Arab Spring’ scenario. The Introduction emphasizes that it is the ambi...... that it is the ambition of this collection of articles to discuss and make sense of the significant differences in the developments,where newgeopolitical dynamics reshape theMENA-region’s post-‘Arab Spring’ reality....

  16. Introduction to Numerical Methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoonover, Joseph A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-06-14

    These are slides for a lecture for the Parallel Computing Summer Research Internship at the National Security Education Center. This gives an introduction to numerical methods. Repetitive algorithms are used to obtain approximate solutions to mathematical problems, using sorting, searching, root finding, optimization, interpolation, extrapolation, least squares regresion, Eigenvalue problems, ordinary differential equations, and partial differential equations. Many equations are shown. Discretizations allow us to approximate solutions to mathematical models of physical systems using a repetitive algorithm and introduce errors that can lead to numerical instabilities if we are not careful.

  17. Introduction to superconductivity

    CERN Document Server

    Rose-Innes, AC

    1978-01-01

    Introduction to Superconductivity differs from the first edition chiefly in Chapter 11, which has been almost completely rewritten to give a more physically-based picture of the effects arising from the long-range coherence of the electron-waves in superconductors and the operation of quantum interference devices. In this revised second edition, some further modifications have been made to the text and an extra chapter dealing with """"high-temperature"""" superconductors has been added. A vast amount of research has been carried out on these since their discovery in 1986 but the results, both

  18. Introduction to Coordination Chemistry

    CERN Document Server

    Lawrance, Geoffrey Alan

    2010-01-01

    Introduction to Coordination Chemistry examines and explains how metals and molecules that bind as ligands interact, and the consequences of this assembly process. This book describes the chemical and physical properties and behavior of the complex assemblies that form, and applications that may arise as a result of these properties. Coordination complexes are an important but often hidden part of our world?even part of us?and what they do is probed in this book. This book distills the essence of this topic for undergraduate students and for research scientists.

  19. Introduction to Interventional MRI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jarmo Ruohonen; William G.Bradley; Jr.MD

    2002-01-01

    An increasing number of interventional procedures are done under imaging guidance. These include biopsies, drainages and injections. Likewise, imaging guidance and monitoring have enabled the use of sophisticated techniques for minimally invasive therapy of tumors. Since MRI provides the best tissue contrast and lesion sensitivity,the use of MR-guided procedures (MRGP) is quickly gaining momentum. Special hardware and software solutions have been developed that allow more efficient interventional use of the MR scanner.This introduction summarizes the basic concepts of interventional MRI and outlines some of the applications of today and tomorrow.

  20. Introduction to modern cryptography

    CERN Document Server

    Katz, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Praise for the First Edition:""This book is a comprehensive, rigorous introduction to what the authors name 'modern' cryptography. … a novel approach to how cryptography is taught, replacing the older, construction-based approach. … The concepts are clearly stated, both in an intuitive fashion and formally. … I would heartily recommend this book to anyone who is interested in cryptography. … The exercises are challenging and interesting, and can benefit readers of all academic levels.""-IACR Book Reviews, January 2010""Over the past 30 years, cryptography has been transformed from a mysterious

  1. Introduction to continuum mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Lai, W Michael; Rubin, David

    1996-01-01

    Introduction to Continuum Mechanics is a recently updated and revised text which is perfect for either introductory courses in an undergraduate engineering curriculum or for a beginning graduate course.Continuum Mechanics studies the response of materials to different loading conditions. The concept of tensors is introduced through the idea of linear transformation in a self-contained chapter, and the interrelation of direct notation, indicial notation, and matrix operations is clearly presented. A wide range of idealized materials are considered through simple static and dynamic problems, a

  2. Cartesian tensors an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Temple, G

    2004-01-01

    This undergraduate text provides an introduction to the theory of Cartesian tensors, defining tensors as multilinear functions of direction, and simplifying many theorems in a manner that lends unity to the subject. The author notes the importance of the analysis of the structure of tensors in terms of spectral sets of projection operators as part of the very substance of quantum theory. He therefore provides an elementary discussion of the subject, in addition to a view of isotropic tensors and spinor analysis within the confines of Euclidean space. The text concludes with an examination of t

  3. Introduction to EMC

    CERN Document Server

    Scott, John

    1997-01-01

    This is the clear guide for non-specialists to electromagnetic compatability (EMC), the effects of electromagnetic radiation and the European EMC Directive which is now in force. This book helps by explaining the basic principles of EMC, how it may be controlled in practice through filtering, shielding, appropriate printed circuit board design, and other means. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and surge protection are discussed. The growing concern about the effects of electromagnetic waves and fields on health are examined in detail.This introduction provides beginners, technical and

  4. Introduction to grid computing

    CERN Document Server

    Magoules, Frederic; Tan, Kiat-An; Kumar, Abhinit

    2009-01-01

    A Thorough Overview of the Next Generation in ComputingPoised to follow in the footsteps of the Internet, grid computing is on the verge of becoming more robust and accessible to the public in the near future. Focusing on this novel, yet already powerful, technology, Introduction to Grid Computing explores state-of-the-art grid projects, core grid technologies, and applications of the grid.After comparing the grid with other distributed systems, the book covers two important aspects of a grid system: scheduling of jobs and resource discovery and monitoring in grid. It then discusses existing a

  5. Theoretical Optics An Introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Römer, Hartmann

    2004-01-01

    Starting from basic electrodynamics, this volume provides a solid, yet concise introduction to theoretical optics, containing topics such as nonlinear optics, light-matter interaction, and modern topics in quantum optics, including entanglement, cryptography, and quantum computation. The author, with many years of experience in teaching and research, goes way beyond the scope of traditional lectures, enabling readers to keep up with the current state of knowledge. Both content and presentation make it essential reading for graduate and phD students as well as a valuable reference for researche

  6. Introduction to functional equations

    CERN Document Server

    Sahoo, Prasanna K

    2011-01-01

    Introduction to Functional Equations grew out of a set of class notes from an introductory graduate level course at the University of Louisville. This introductory text communicates an elementary exposition of valued functional equations where the unknown functions take on real or complex values. In order to make the presentation as manageable as possible for students from a variety of disciplines, the book chooses not to focus on functional equations where the unknown functions take on values on algebraic structures such as groups, rings, or fields. However, each chapter includes sections hig

  7. Statistics a biomedical introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Byron Wm

    2009-01-01

    CHAPTER 1: Introduction 1 CHAPTER 2: Elementary Rules of Probability 13 CHAPTER 3: Populations, Samples, and the Distribution of the Sample Mean 37 1. Populations and Distributions 38 2. Sampling from Finite Populations 64 3. The Distribution of the Sample Mean 72 CHAPTER 4: Analysis of Matched Pairs Using Sample Means 85 1. A Confidence Interval for the Treatment Effect 86 2. A Hypothesis Test for the Treatment Effect 96 3. Determining the Sample Size 102 CHAPTER 5: Analysis of the Two-Sample Location Problem Using Sample Means 109 1. A Confidence Interval for the Diffe

  8. History as Modernity. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierangelo Schiera

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The introduction starts from the exhaustion of modernity, drawing the fundamental lines of its development inside Western historical experience. The end of the political nexus between theology and politics, the evanescence of nation-state sovereignty, the check of great historical interpretations reveal the necessity of new categories and new organizational models, able to make us answer to the violence that the ongoing processes are liberating. Schiera underlines in particular the relevance of the administrative apparatus because of its capacity to link the global government with global organization, human rights and the commons.

  9. Introduction to dynamic programming

    CERN Document Server

    Cooper, Leon; Rodin, E Y

    1981-01-01

    Introduction to Dynamic Programming provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of dynamic programming. This book considers problems that can be quantitatively formulated and deals with mathematical models of situations or phenomena that exists in the real world.Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental components of any mathematical optimization model. This text then presents the details of the application of dynamic programming to variational problems. Other chapters consider the application of dynamic programming to inventory theory, Mark

  10. An introduction to optimization

    CERN Document Server

    Chong, Edwin K P

    2013-01-01

    Praise for the Third Edition "". . . guides and leads the reader through the learning path . . . [e]xamples are stated very clearly and the results are presented with attention to detail.""  -MAA Reviews  Fully updated to reflect new developments in the field, the Fourth Edition of Introduction to Optimization fills the need for accessible treatment of optimization theory and methods with an emphasis on engineering design. Basic definitions and notations are provided in addition to the related fundamental background for linear algebra, geometry, and calculus.  This new

  11. Computational topology an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Edelsbrunner, Herbert

    2010-01-01

    Combining concepts from topology and algorithms, this book delivers what its title promises: an introduction to the field of computational topology. Starting with motivating problems in both mathematics and computer science and building up from classic topics in geometric and algebraic topology, the third part of the text advances to persistent homology. This point of view is critically important in turning a mostly theoretical field of mathematics into one that is relevant to a multitude of disciplines in the sciences and engineering. The main approach is the discovery of topology through alg

  12. Introduction to finite geometries

    CERN Document Server

    Kárteszi, F

    1976-01-01

    North-Holland Texts in Advanced Mathematics: Introduction to Finite Geometries focuses on the advancements in finite geometries, including mapping and combinatorics. The manuscript first offers information on the basic concepts on finite geometries and Galois geometries. Discussions focus on linear mapping of a given quadrangle onto another given quadrangle; point configurations of order 2 on a Galois plane of even order; canonical equation of curves of the second order on the Galois planes of even order; and set of collineations mapping a Galois plane onto itself. The text then ponders on geo

  13. Introduction to tribology

    CERN Document Server

    Bhushan, Bharat

    2013-01-01

    A fully updated version of the popular Introduction to Tribology, the second edition of this leading tribology text introduces the major developments in the understanding and interpretation of friction, wear and lubrication.  Considerations of friction and wear have been fully revised to include recent analysis and data work, and friction mechanisms have been reappraised in light of current developments.   In this edition, the breakthroughs in tribology at the nano- and micro- level as well as recent developments in nanotechnology and magnetic storage technologies are introduce

  14. Introduction to information science

    CERN Document Server

    Bawden, David

    2012-01-01

    This landmark textbook takes a whole subject approach to Information Science as a discipline. Introduced by leading international scholars and offering a global perspective on the discipline, this is designed to be the standard text for students worldwide. The authors' expert narrative guides you through each of the essential building blocks of information science offering a concise introduction and expertly chosen further reading and resources.Critical topics covered include:foundations: concepts, theories and historical perspectivesorganising and retrieving Information information behaviour,

  15. Neurolaw: A brief introduction.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arian Petoft

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Neurolaw, as an interdisciplinary field which links the brain to law, facilitates the pathway to better understanding of human behavior in order to regulate it accurately through incorporating neuroscience achievements in legal studies. Since 1990's, this emerging field, by study on human nervous system as a new dimension of legal phenomena, leads to a more precise explanation for human behavior to revise legal rules and decision-makings. This paper strives to bring about significantly a brief introduction to neurolaw so as to take effective steps toward exploring and expanding the scope of law and more thorough understanding of legal issues in the field at hand.

  16. Quantum chemistry an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Kauzmann, Walter

    2013-01-01

    Quantum Chemistry: An Introduction provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. This book presents the theory of partial differentiation equations by using the classical theory of vibrations as a means of developing physical insight into this essential branch of mathematics.Organized into five parts encompassing 16 chapters, this book begins with an overview of how quantum mechanical deductions are made. This text then describes the achievements and limitations of the application of quantum mechanics to chemical problems. Other chapters provide a brief survey

  17. Introduction to data technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Murrell, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Providing key information on how to work with research data, Introduction to Data Technologies presents ideas and techniques for performing critical, behind-the-scenes tasks that take up so much time and effort yet typically receive little attention in formal education. With a focus on computational tools, the book shows readers how to improve their awareness of what tasks can be achieved and describes the correct approach to perform these tasks. Practical examples demonstrate the most important pointsThe author first discusses how to write computer code using HTML as a concrete example. He th

  18. Introduction to computer ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćorić Dragana M.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ethics is becoming one of the most often used but also misinter­preted words. It is often taken as an additional, corrective parameter to the policies and strategies that has to be adopted in the area of political works, environment, business, and medicine. Computer ethics thus makes the latest ethical discipline in the scientific sky. But its roots, as it was the case with environmental ethics, ranging decades; only the speech and the use of the same, as well as discussions on the postulates of computer ethics, are the results of rapid IT development in the last decade or two. In this paper, according to the title, will be shown introduction to computer ethics-its basis, the most important representatives, as well as the most important succession.

  19. Introduction to lattice QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, R.

    1998-12-31

    The goal of the lectures on lattice QCD (LQCD) is to provide an overview of both the technical issues and the progress made so far in obtaining phenomenologically useful numbers. The lectures consist of three parts. The author`s charter is to provide an introduction to LQCD and outline the scope of LQCD calculations. In the second set of lectures, Guido Martinelli will discuss the progress they have made so far in obtaining results, and their impact on Standard Model phenomenology. Finally, Martin Luescher will discuss the topical subjects of chiral symmetry, improved formulation of lattice QCD, and the impact these improvements will have on the quality of results expected from the next generation of simulations.

  20. Introduction to general relativity

    CERN Document Server

    Parthasarthy, R

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION TO GENERAL RELATIVITY begins with a description of the geometry of curved space, explaining geodesics, parallel transport, covariant differentiation, geodesic deviation and spacetime symmetry by killing vectors. It then introduces Einstein's theory of gravitation followed by Schwarzschild solution with its relevance to Positive Mass theorem. The three tests for Einstein's gravity are explained. Other exact solutions such as Vaidya, Kerr and Reisner - Nordstrom metric are included. In the Chapter on cosmological solutions, a detailed description of Godel metric is provided. It then introduces five dimensional spacetime of Kaluza showing the unification of gravity with electromagnetism. This is extended to include non-Abelian gauge theory by invoking compact extra dimensions. Explicit expressions in this case for Christoffel connections and ricci tensor are derived and the higher dimensional gravity action is shown to compactification are given.

  1. Introduction to Waste Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2011-01-01

    Solid waste management is as old as human civilization, although only considered an engineering discipline for about one century. The change from the previous focus on public cleansing of the cities to modern waste management was primarily driven by industrialization, which introduced new materials...... and chemicals, dramatically changing the types and composition of waste, and by urbanization making waste management in urban areas a complicated and costly logistic operation. This book focuses on waste that commonly appears in the municipal waste management system. This chapter gives an introduction to modern...... waste management, including issues as waste definition, problems associated with waste, waste management criteria and approaches to waste management. Later chapters introduce aspects of engineering (Chapter 1.2), economics (Chapter 1.3) and regulation (Chapter 1.4)....

  2. Solar energy an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Mackay, Michael E

    2015-01-01

    Solar Energy presents an introduction to all aspects of solar energy, from photovoltaic devices to active and passive solar thermal energy conversion, giving both a detailed and broad perspective of the field. It is aimed at the beginner involved in solar energy or a related field, or for someone wanting to gain a broader perspective of solar energy technologies. A chapter considering solar radiation, basic principles applied to solar energy, semiconductor physics, and light absorption brings the reader on equal footing with the technology of either solar generated electrical current or useful heat. Details of how a solar cell works and then production of current from a photovoltaic device is discussed. Characterization of a solar cell is examined, allowing one the ability to interpret the current-voltage relation, followed by discussion of parameter extraction from this relation. This information can be used to understand what limits the performance of a given solar cell with the potential to optimize its pe...

  3. Introduction to Complex Plasmas

    CERN Document Server

    Bonitz, Michael; Ludwig, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    Complex plasmas differ from traditional plasmas in many ways: these are low-temperature high pressure systems containing nanometer to micrometer size particles which may be highly charged and strongly interacting. The particles may be chemically reacting or be in contact with solid surfaces, and the electrons may show quantum behaviour. These interesting properties have led to many applications of complex plasmas in technology, medicine and science. Yet complex plasmas are extremely complicated, both experimentally and theoretically, and require a variety of new approaches which go beyond standard plasma physics courses. This book fills this gap presenting an introduction to theory, experiment and computer simulation in this field. Based on tutorial lectures at a very successful recent Summer Institute, the presentation is ideally suited for graduate students, plasma physicists and experienced undergraduates.

  4. Morbillivirus Infections: An Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rory D. de Vries

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Research on morbillivirus infections has led to exciting developments in recent years. Global measles vaccination coverage has increased, resulting in a significant reduction in measles mortality. In 2011 rinderpest virus was declared globally eradicated – only the second virus to be eradicated by targeted vaccination. Identification of new cellular receptors and implementation of recombinant viruses expressing fluorescent proteins in a range of model systems have provided fundamental new insights into the pathogenesis of morbilliviruses, and their interactions with the host immune system. Nevertheless, both new and well-studied morbilliviruses are associated with significant disease in wildlife and domestic animals. This illustrates the need for robust surveillance and a strategic focus on barriers that restrict cross-species transmission. Recent and ongoing measles outbreaks also demonstrate that maintenance of high vaccination coverage for these highly infectious agents is critical. This introduction briefly summarizes the most important current research topics in this field.

  5. Introduction to Tidal Streams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newberg, Heidi Jo

    Dwarf galaxies that come too close to larger galaxies suffer tidal disruption; the differential gravitational force between one side of the galaxy and the other serves to rip the stars from the dwarf galaxy so that they instead orbit the larger galaxy. This process produces "tidal streams" of stars, which can be found in the stellar halo of the Milky Way, as well as in halos of other galaxies. This chapter provides a general introduction to tidal streams, including the mechanism through which the streams are created, the history of how they were discovered, and the observational techniques by which they can be detected. In addition, their use in unraveling galaxy formation histories and the distribution of dark matter in galaxies is discussed, as is the interaction between these dwarf galaxy satellites and the disk of the larger galaxy.

  6. Introduction to variance estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Wolter, Kirk M

    2007-01-01

    We live in the information age. Statistical surveys are used every day to determine or evaluate public policy and to make important business decisions. Correct methods for computing the precision of the survey data and for making inferences to the target population are absolutely essential to sound decision making. Now in its second edition, Introduction to Variance Estimation has for more than twenty years provided the definitive account of the theory and methods for correct precision calculations and inference, including examples of modern, complex surveys in which the methods have been used successfully. The book provides instruction on the methods that are vital to data-driven decision making in business, government, and academe. It will appeal to survey statisticians and other scientists engaged in the planning and conduct of survey research, and to those analyzing survey data and charged with extracting compelling information from such data. It will appeal to graduate students and university faculty who...

  7. Introduction to thermoelectricity

    CERN Document Server

    Goldsmid, H Julian

    2010-01-01

    Introduction to Thermoelectricity is the latest work by Professor Julian Goldsmid drawing on his 55 years experience in the field. The theory of the thermoelectric and related phenomena is presented in sufficient detail to enable researchers to understand their observations and develop improved thermoelectric materials. The methods for the selection of materials and their improvement are discussed. Thermoelectric materials for use in refrigeration and electrical generation are reviewed. Experimental techniques for the measurement of properties and for the production of thermoelements are described. Special emphasis is placed on nanotechnology which promises to yield great improvements in the efficiency of thermoelectric devices. Chapters are also devoted to transverse thermoelectric effects and thermionic energy conversion, both techniques offering the promise of important applications in the future.

  8. Superconductivity an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Kleiner, Reinhold

    2016-01-01

    The third edition of this proven text has been developed further in both scope and scale to reflect the potential for superconductivity in power engineering to increase efficiency in electricity transmission or engines. The landmark reference remains a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering every aspect from fundamentals to applications, and presenting the latest developments in organic superconductors, superconducting interfaces, quantum coherence, and applications in medicine and industry. Due to its precise language and numerous explanatory illustrations, it is suitable as an introductory textbook, with the level rising smoothly from chapter to chapter, such that readers can build on their newly acquired knowledge. The authors cover basic properties of superconductors and discuss stability and different material groups with reference to the latest and most promising applications, devoting the last third of the book to applications in power engineering, medicine, and low temperature physics. An e...

  9. Introduction to information retrieval

    CERN Document Server

    Manning, Christopher D; Schütze, Hinrich

    2008-01-01

    Class-tested and coherent, this textbook teaches classical and web information retrieval, including web search and the related areas of text classification and text clustering from basic concepts. It gives an up-to-date treatment of all aspects of the design and implementation of systems for gathering, indexing, and searching documents; methods for evaluating systems; and an introduction to the use of machine learning methods on text collections. All the important ideas are explained using examples and figures, making it perfect for introductory courses in information retrieval for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in computer science. Based on feedback from extensive classroom experience, the book has been carefully structured in order to make teaching more natural and effective. Slides and additional exercises (with solutions for lecturers) are also available through the book's supporting website to help course instructors prepare their lectures.

  10. Background and introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    by their particular theories and conceptual analyses, data, tools, and best practices, with a focus on respectively costs and benefits of facilities and services, alignment of corporate and public real estate to organizational objectives and organisational performance, and relationship management in market...... background information to understand the following chapters in this book. Research limitations: The chapter is mainly based on the experience and knowledge of the editors. It does not include original research but provides an introductory overview of the book. Originality/value: This chapter takes a look...... behind the scenes of the making of this book and connects contributions from three different fields - FM, CREM, and B2B marketing - to shed more light on the concept of added value of FM. It serves as an introduction to the research presented in the other chapters in this book....

  11. Introduction to tropical geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Maclagan, Diane

    2015-01-01

    Tropical geometry is a combinatorial shadow of algebraic geometry, offering new polyhedral tools to compute invariants of algebraic varieties. It is based on tropical algebra, where the sum of two numbers is their minimum and the product is their sum. This turns polynomials into piecewise-linear functions, and their zero sets into polyhedral complexes. These tropical varieties retain a surprising amount of information about their classical counterparts. Tropical geometry is a young subject that has undergone a rapid development since the beginning of the 21st century. While establishing itself as an area in its own right, deep connections have been made to many branches of pure and applied mathematics. This book offers a self-contained introduction to tropical geometry, suitable as a course text for beginning graduate students. Proofs are provided for the main results, such as the Fundamental Theorem and the Structure Theorem. Numerous examples and explicit computations illustrate the main concepts. Each of t...

  12. Dark Matter: Introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Rees, Martin J

    2003-01-01

    This short review was prepared as an introduction to the Royal Society's 'Dark Matter' conference. It addresses the embarrassing fact that 95% of the universe is unaccounted for. Favoured dark matter candidates are axions or weakly-interacting particles that have survived from the very early universe, but more exotic options cannot be excluded. Experimental searches are being made for the 'dark' particles but we have indirect clues to their nature too. Comparisons of data (from, eg, gravitational lensing) with numerical simulations of galaxy formation can constrain (eg) the particle velocities and collision cross sections. The mean cosmic density of dark matter (plus baryons) is now pinned down to be only about 30% of the critical density However, other recent evidence -- microwave background anisotropies, complemented by data on distant supernovae -- reveals that our universe actually is 'flat', and that its dominant ingredient (about 70% of the total mass-energy) is something quite unexpected -- 'dark energ...

  13. Introduction: Bateson the Precursor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmeyer, Jesper

    2008-01-01

    of those few. And while his thinking has influenced scholars from a wide range of fields dealing in one way or another with aspects of communication and epistemology, mainstream biology unfortunately has shown little interest in such matters, clinging instead to a simplified description of the natural...... for the inability of science to help us cope with the complex, unruly and messy problems confronting modern societies at many levels. He urged science to search for patterns that will emerge only in a broad-spectrum analysis of communication in all its forms This is the challenge to modern science and philosophy...... taken up by the authors of this book. The introduction briefly presents each of these approches....

  14. Superconductivity an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Mangin, Philippe

    2017-01-01

    This book proposes a thorough introduction for a varied audience. The reader will master London theory and the Pippard equations, and go on to understand type I and type II superconductors (their thermodynamics, magnetic properties, vortex dynamics, current transport…), Cooper pairs and the results of BCS theory. By studying coherence and flux quantization he or she will be lead to the Josephson effect which, with the SQUID, is a good example of the applications. The reader can make up for any gaps in his knowledge with the use of the appendices, follow the logic behind each model, and assimilate completely the underlying concepts. Approximately 250 illustrations help in developing a thorough understanding. This volume is aimed towards masters and doctoral students, as well as advanced undergraduates, teachers and researchers at all levels coming from a broad range of subjects (chemistry, physics, mechanical and electrical engineering, materials science…). Engineers working in industry will have a useful ...

  15. Introduction to uncertainty quantification

    CERN Document Server

    Sullivan, T J

    2015-01-01

    Uncertainty quantification is a topic of increasing practical importance at the intersection of applied mathematics, statistics, computation, and numerous application areas in science and engineering. This text provides a framework in which the main objectives of the field of uncertainty quantification are defined, and an overview of the range of mathematical methods by which they can be achieved. Complete with exercises throughout, the book will equip readers with both theoretical understanding and practical experience of the key mathematical and algorithmic tools underlying the treatment of uncertainty in modern applied mathematics. Students and readers alike are encouraged to apply the mathematical methods discussed in this book to their own favourite problems to understand their strengths and weaknesses, also making the text suitable as a self-study. This text is designed as an introduction to uncertainty quantification for senior undergraduate and graduate students with a mathematical or statistical back...

  16. Introduction to dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Pfeiffer, Friedrich

    2015-01-01

    This concise textbook for students preferably of a postgraduate level, but also for engineers in practice, contains the basic kinematical and kinetic structures of dynamics together with carefully selected applications. The book is a condensed introduction to the fundamental laws of kinematics and kinetics, on the most important principles of mechanics and presents the equations of motion in the form of Lagrange and Newton-Euler. Selected problems of linear and nonlinear dynamics are treated, as well as problems of vibration formation. The presented selection of topics gives a useful basis for stepping into more advanced problems of dynamics. The contents of this book represent the result of a regularly revised course, which has been and still is given for masters students at the Technische Universität München. .

  17. Sociophysics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Sen, Parongama

    2014-01-01

    This book discusses the study and analysis of the physical aspects of social systems and models, inspired by the analogy with familiar models of physical systems and possible applications of statistical physics tools. Unlike the traditional analysis of the physics of macroscopic many-body or condensed matter systems, which is now an established and mature subject, the upsurge in the physical analysis and modelling of social systems, which are clearly many-body dynamical systems, is a recent phenomenon. Though the major developments in sociophysics have taken place only recently, the earliest attempts of proposing "Social Physics" as a discipline are more than one and a half centuries old. Various developments in the mainstream physics of condensed matter systems have inspired and induced the recent growth of sociophysical analysis and models. In spite of the tremendous efforts of many scientists in recent years, the subject is still in its infancy and major challenges are yet to be taken up. An introduction t...

  18. Introduction to cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Ryden, Barbara

    2017-01-01

    This second edition of Introduction to Cosmology is an exciting update of an award-winning textbook. It is aimed primarily at advanced undergraduate students in physics and astronomy, but is also useful as a supplementary text at higher levels. It explains modern cosmological concepts, such as dark energy, in the context of the Big Bang theory. Its clear, lucid writing style, with a wealth of useful everyday analogies, makes it exceptionally engaging. Emphasis is placed on the links between theoretical concepts of cosmology and the observable properties of the universe, building deeper physical insights in the reader. The second edition includes recent observational results, fuller descriptions of special and general relativity, expanded discussions of dark energy, and a new chapter on baryonic matter that makes up stars and galaxies. It is an ideal textbook for the era of precision cosmology in the accelerating universe.

  19. Introduction to cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Ryden, Barbara

    2002-01-01

    Introduction to Cosmology provides a rare combination of a solid foundation of the core physical concepts of cosmology and the most recent astronomical observations. The book is designed for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students and assumes no prior knowledge of general relativity. An emphasis is placed on developing the readers' physical insight rather than losing them with complex math. An approachable writing style and wealth of fresh and imaginative analogies from "everyday" physics are used to make the concepts of cosmology more accessible. The book is unique in that it not only includes recent major developments in cosmology, like the cosmological constant and accelerating universe, but also anticipates key developments expected in the next few years, such as detailed results on the cosmic microwave background.

  20. Introduction to thermoelectricity

    CERN Document Server

    Goldsmid, H Julian

    2016-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of thermoelectric energy conversion. It covers both theory and practice. The book is timely as it refers to the many improvements that have come about in the last few years through the use of nanostructures. The concept of semiconductor thermoelements led to major advances during the second half of the twentieth century, making Peltier refrigeration a widely used technique. The latest materials herald thermoelectric generation as the preferred technique for exploiting low-grade heat. The book shows how progress has been made by increasing the thermal resistivity of the lattice until it is almost as large as it is for glass. It points the way towards the attainment of similar improvements in the electronic parameters. It does not neglect practical considerations, such as the desirability of making thermocouples from inexpensive and environmentally acceptable materials. The second edition was extended to also include recent advances in thermoelectric ener...

  1. Introduction to singularities

    CERN Document Server

    Ishii, Shihoko

    2014-01-01

    This book is an introduction to singularities for graduate students and researchers. It is said that algebraic geometry originated in the seventeenth century with the famous work Discours de la méthode pour bien conduire sa raison, et chercher la vérité dans les sciences by Descartes. In that book he introduced coordinates to the study of geometry. After its publication, research on algebraic varieties developed steadily. Many beautiful results emerged in mathematicians’ works. Most of them were about non-singular varieties. Singularities were considered “bad” objects that interfered with knowledge of the structure of an algebraic variety. In the past three decades, however, it has become clear that singularities are necessary for us to have a good description of the framework of varieties. For example, it is impossible to formulate minimal model theory for higher-dimensional cases without singularities. Another example is that the moduli spaces of varieties have natural compactification, the boundar...

  2. Introduction to Waste Engineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2011-01-01

    and systems can be operated in a way that is environmentally sound, technical feasible, economically efficient and socially acceptable. This applies to all scales of relevance: (1) national surveys of energy use and material flows determining the frame for politically setting goals in waste management, (2......Solid waste management as introduced in Chapter 1.1 builds in many ways on engineering. Waste engineering here means the skills and ability to understand quantitatively how a waste management system works in such a detail that waste management can be planned, facilities can be designed and sited......) regional plans for waste management, including (3) the selection of main management technologies and siting of facilities, (4) the design of individual technological units and, for example, (5) the operation of recycling schemes within a municipality. This chapter gives an introduction to waste engineering...

  3. Semiconductor physics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Seeger, Karlheinz

    1999-01-01

    Semiconductor Physics - An Introduction - is suitable for the senior undergraduate or new graduate student majoring in electrical engineering or physics. It will also be useful to solid-state scientists and device engineers involved in semiconductor design and technology. The text provides a lucid account of charge transport, energy transport and optical processes, and a detailed description of many devices. It includes sections on superlattices and quantum well structures, the effects of deep-level impurities on transport, the quantum Hall effect and the calculation of the influence of a magnetic field on the carrier distribution function. This 6th edition has been revised and corrected, and new sections have been added to different chapters.

  4. Hyperplane arrangements an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Dimca, Alexandru

    2017-01-01

    This textbook provides an accessible introduction to the rich and beautiful area of hyperplane arrangement theory, where discrete mathematics, in the form of combinatorics and arithmetic, meets continuous mathematics, in the form of the topology and Hodge theory of complex algebraic varieties. The topics discussed in this book range from elementary combinatorics and discrete geometry to more advanced material on mixed Hodge structures, logarithmic connections and Milnor fibrations. The author covers a lot of ground in a relatively short amount of space, with a focus on defining concepts carefully and giving proofs of theorems in detail where needed. Including a number of surprising results and tantalizing open problems, this timely book also serves to acquaint the reader with the rapidly expanding literature on the subject. Hyperplane Arrangements will be particularly useful to graduate students and researchers who are interested in algebraic geometry or algebraic topology. The book contains numerous exercise...

  5. Introduction to morphogenetic computing

    CERN Document Server

    Resconi, Germano; Xu, Guanglin

    2017-01-01

    This book offers a concise introduction to morphogenetic computing, showing that its use makes global and local relations, defects in crystal non-Euclidean geometry databases with source and sink, genetic algorithms, and neural networks more stable and efficient. It also presents applications to database, language, nanotechnology with defects, biological genetic structure, electrical circuit, and big data structure. In Turing machines, input and output states form a system – when the system is in one state, the input is transformed into output. This computation is always deterministic and without any possible contradiction or defects. In natural computation there are defects and contradictions that have to be solved to give a coherent and effective computation. The new computation generates the morphology of the system that assumes different forms in time. Genetic process is the prototype of the morphogenetic computing. At the Boolean logic truth value, we substitute a set of truth (active sets) values with...

  6. Photonics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Reider, Georg A

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive introduction into photonics, from the electrodynamic and quantum mechanic fundamentals to the level of photonic components and building blocks such as lasers, amplifiers, modulators, waveguides, and detectors. The book will serve both as textbook and as a reference work for the advanced student or scientist. Theoretical results are derived from basic principles with convenient, yet state-of-the-art mathematical tools, providing not only deeper understanding but also familiarization with formalisms used in the relevant technical literature and research articles. Among the subject matters treated are polarization optics, pulse and beam propagation, waveguides, light–matter interaction, stationary and transient behavior of lasers, semiconductor optics and lasers (including low-dimensional systems such as quantum wells), detector technology, photometry, and colorimetry. Nonlinear optics are elaborated comprehensively. The book is intended for both students of physics and elect...

  7. Introduction to Mineralogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knittle, Elise

    A course in mineralogy is a rite of passage for most undergraduate Earth sciences majors. As fluency with minerals is so basic for deciphering a range of geologic processes, many Earth scientists can recall long hours in the lab memorizing mineral samples, their chemical formulae and crystal systems, and perhaps staring through a petrographic microscope wondering, what exactly is 2V? In this venerable field with so many classic textbooks, one might ask why another mineralogy text is warranted.Introduction to Mineralogy is organized in a traditional way, with Part I covering the topics of symmetry, crystallography, crystal chemistry and structure, and crystal growth. Part II covers physical properties of minerals and methods for studying mineral structures and chemistry (including optical mineralogy and x-ray diffraction), and Part III presents the systematic mineralogy of all of the mineral groups.

  8. Introduction to transonic aerodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Vos, Roelof

    2015-01-01

    Written to teach students the nature of transonic flow and its mathematical foundation, this book offers a much-needed introduction to transonic aerodynamics. The authors present a quantitative and qualitative assessment of subsonic, supersonic, and transonic flow around bodies in two and three dimensions. The book reviews the governing equations and explores their applications and limitations as employed in modeling and computational fluid dynamics.  Some concepts, such as shock and expansion theory, are examined from a numerical perspective. Others, including shock-boundary-layer interaction, are discussed from a qualitative point of view. The book includes 60 examples and more than 200 practice problems. The authors also offer analytical methods such as Method of Characteristics (MOC) that allow readers to practice with the subject matter.  The result is a wealth of insight into transonic flow phenomena and their impact on aircraft design, including compressibility effects, shock and expansion waves, sho...

  9. Introduction to mathematical physics

    CERN Document Server

    Vaughn, Michael T

    2007-01-01

    A comprehensive survey of all the mathematical methods that should be available to graduate students in physics. In addition to the usual topics of analysis, such as infinite series, functions of a complex variable and some differential equations as well as linear vector spaces, this book includes a more extensive discussion of group theory than can be found in other current textbooks. The main feature of this textbook is its extensive treatment of geometrical methods as applied to physics. With its introduction of differentiable manifolds and a discussion of vectors and forms on such manifolds as part of a first-year graduate course in mathematical methods, the text allows students to grasp at an early stage the contemporary literature on dynamical systems, solitons and related topological solutions to field equations, gauge theories, gravitational theory, and even string theory

  10. Postponement in New Product Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Biao; Yang; Neil; Burns

    2002-01-01

    Agility has now been a main research topic in the l it erature. There is much written on agility mainly focusing on manufacturing p rocess and strategic processes. However, we argue that new product introduction should call for agility as well due to uncertainty about technological advances and customers' demand. A technological superiority alone may not guarantee succe ss for new product introduction. We focus on the role of postponement for two ma in processes in new product introduction: new product ...

  11. Introduction to Indoor Air Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... United States Environmental Protection Agency Search Search Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Contact Us Share Introduction to Indoor Air Quality Health Effects Primary Causes Identifying Problems Improving IAQ ...

  12. Women and AIDS: introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krieger, N; Margo, G

    1991-01-01

    Around the world, more and more women--principally poor women of color--are being diagnosed with and are dying of AIDS, the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Yet, effective and appropriate prevention programs for women are sorely missing from the global program to control AIDS. To help us understand why this gap exists, and what we must do to close it, the three articles in this issue focus on women and AIDS. Examining the situation in such countries as Zimbabwe and South Africa, as well as in other economically underdeveloped and developed regions, the authors argue that women with the least control over their bodies and their lives are at greatest risk of acquiring AIDS. For example, the high rate of infection among women in Africa cannot be understood apart from the legacy of colonialism (including land expropriation and the forced introduction of a migrant labor system) and the insidious combination of traditional and European patriarchal values. Only by recognizing the socioeconomic and cultural determinants of both disease and sexual behavior, and only by incorporating these insights into our AIDS prevention programs, will we be able to curb the spread of this lethal disease.

  13. Arctic freshwater synthesis: Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prowse, T.; Bring, A.; Mârd, J.; Carmack, E.

    2015-11-01

    In response to a joint request from the World Climate Research Program's Climate and Cryosphere Project, the International Arctic Science Committee, and the Arctic Council's Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program, an updated scientific assessment has been conducted of the Arctic Freshwater System (AFS), entitled the Arctic Freshwater Synthesis (AFSΣ). The major reason for joint request was an increasing concern that changes to the AFS have produced, and could produce even greater, changes to biogeophysical and socioeconomic systems of special importance to northern residents and also produce extra-Arctic climatic effects that will have global consequences. Hence, the key objective of the AFSΣ was to produce an updated, comprehensive, and integrated review of the structure and function of the entire AFS. The AFSΣ was organized around six key thematic areas: atmosphere, oceans, terrestrial hydrology, terrestrial ecology, resources and modeling, and the review of each coauthored by an international group of scientists and published as separate manuscripts in this special issue of Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences. This AFSΣ—Introduction reviews the motivations for, and foci of, previous studies of the AFS, discusses criteria used to define the domain of the AFS, and details key characteristics of the definition adopted for the AFSΣ.

  14. Supraconductivité introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Mangin, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    La supraconductivité fait rêver, surtout depuis la découverte de son existence à des températures relativement accessibles. Ses applications sont déjà notables (Imagerie par Résonance Magnétique, futur ITER, NEUROSPIN, SQUID...) et des projets plus futuristes se développent (transport de courant, train en lévitation, moteurs). Le présent ouvrage propose une introduction solide, pour un public assez large. Le lecteur pourra s'initier à la théorie de London et aux équations de Pippard, puis étudier les supraconducteurs de type I et de type II (thermodynamique, magnétisme, dynamique de vortex, transport de courant...), les paires de Cooper et les résultats de la théorie BCS. L'étude de la cohérence et de la quantification du flux conduit à l'effet Josephson qui, avec le SQUID. est un bon exemple d'application. Le lecteur pourra combler certaines de ses lacunes grâce aux compléments, suivre le cheminement d'un modèle et s'approprier les concepts. Environ 250 illustrations en facilitent la...

  15. Introduction: Childhood and Disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salter, Erica K

    2017-06-21

    From growth attenuation therapy for severely developmentally disabled children to the post-natal management of infants with trisomy 13 and 18, pediatric treatment decisions regularly involve assessments of the probability and severity of a child's disability. Because these decisions are almost always made by surrogate decision-makers (parents and caregivers) and because these decision-makers must often make decisions based on both prognostic guesses and potentially biased quality of life judgments, they are among the most ethically complex in pediatric care. As the introduction to HEC Forum's special thematic issue on Childhood and Disability, this article orients the reader to the history of bioethics' relationship to both pediatric ethics and disability studies and introduces the issue's five manuscripts. As clinicians, disability scholars, philosophers and clinical ethicists writing on various aspects of pediatric disability, the articles' authors all invite readers to dig beneath an overly-simplified version of what disability might mean to children and families and instead embrace a posture of genuine humility, recognizing both the limits and harms of traditional medical and bioethical responses (or indifferences) to the disabled child.

  16. Chemical thermodynamics. An introduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keszei, Ernoe [Budapest Univ. (Hungary). Dept. of Physical Chemistry

    2012-07-01

    Eminently suitable as a required textbook comprising complete material for or an undergraduate chemistry major course in chemical thermodynamics. Clearly explains details of formal derivations that students can easily follow and so master applied mathematical operations. Offers problems and solutions at the end of each chapter for self-test and self- or group study. This course-derived undergraduate textbook provides a concise explanation of the key concepts and calculations of chemical thermodynamics. Instead of the usual 'classical' introduction, this text adopts a straightforward postulatory approach that introduces thermodynamic potentials such as entropy and energy more directly and transparently. Structured around several features to assist students' understanding, Chemical Thermodynamics: - Develops applications and methods for the ready treatment of equilibria on a sound quantitative basis. - Requires minimal background in calculus to understand the text and presents formal derivations to the student in a detailed but understandable way. - Offers end-of-chapter problems (and answers) for self-testing and review and reinforcement, of use for self- or group study. This book is suitable as essential reading for courses in a bachelor and master chemistry program and is also valuable as a reference or textbook for students of physics, biochemistry and materials science.

  17. Chief Editors’ Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerry Carrington

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available It has been a great year for the journal:  our most successful ever. This edition marks three years of publication of the International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy. In 2015 the journal was selected for inclusion into Scopus and Web of Science data bases. This is a terrific success story and testimony to the high quality of the articles, the editorship, the reviewing and the international readership of the journal. We are grateful as ever to our distinguished International Editorial Board and all our reviewers who are anonymous to readers and authors due to the norms of blind peer reviewing. We also thank the out-going foundational co-editor-in-chief Reece Walters for his efforts in making this journal the success it is. The journal has now surpassed 150,000 abstract views and 100,000 full PDF downloads. This journal is one of only a few in the world of criminology to support fully on-line free-to-download articles, and to promote creative commons copyright: that is, authors’ rights to reproduce their own material. We support the democratisation of knowledge and are delighted to be leaders in high quality international journal publishing.Download the PDF file here for the Chief Editors’ introduction to this issue and be motivated by the eclectic and impressive range of topics offered by our contributors to read further.

  18. Introduction to the general relativity; Introduction a la relativite generale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radix, J.C.

    1994-12-31

    This work deals with the introduction of the general relativity including the introduction of the tensorial calculation, the Euclidean space in curvilinear coordinates, the Riemann space, the recalls and complements of the restricted relativity and the elements of the general relativity. (O.L.) 83 figs., 3 tabs.

  19. Introduction: Victorian Theatricalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Dobson

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available After a barrage of manipulative fan-letters from Sir Merton and Annie Russell-Cotes, Sir Henry Irving, titan of the Victorian stage and the first actor to be knighted, eventually came to stay, briefly, at East Cliff Hall in Bournemouth. A peculiar but attractive compound of Scots baronial castle, Italian villa, French château and Bournemouth seaside bungalow, complete with lavish Art Nouveau interiors and a fountain in the entrance lobby, the house was always designed in and of itself as a dramatic location and was also intended as a magnet for theatrical celebrities. Sir Merton and Annie amply stuffed it with nineteenth-century British paintings, miscellaneous sculptures, and souvenirs of their extensive overseas holidays. Today the Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and Museum remains the late Victorian treasure house par excellence, and I can imagine few more vivid short-cuts into the culture and mindset of the late nineteenth-century haute bourgeoisie than an afternoon spent marvelling at the tons of accumulated trophies and bibelots cluttering its rooms or the acres of tastefully-exposed nipples adorning its walls. What the Russell-Cotes Museum also makes clear, even at its gloomiest, is the key place of drama in the Victorian imagination. After Irving's death in 1905, the Russell-Cotes bought many of Irving's personal effects at auction. Adding these to their existing collection of Irving memorabilia and other theatrical paintings and souvenirs, they converted the bedroom in which Irving had stayed into a permanent shrine to his memory. The Henry Irving Room would make an ideal introduction to most of the contents of this volume.

  20. Advanced Introduction to Private Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smits, Jan

    2017-01-01

    In this Advanced Introduction, the reader is taken on an intellectual journey through the different facets and dimensions of private law, from the family home to Kuta Beach and from Thomas Piketty to Nina Hagen. This concise book provides an accessible and fresh introduction to private law, presenti

  1. INTRODUCTION: GRADUATE STUDENT SCHOLARSHIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laverne Jacobs

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice is proud to publish issue 32 (1. This issue features a special section highlighting the scholarship of graduate students. While it is always a pleasure to read promising work by newer scholars in the fields of law and social justice, we are certain that this collection of articles represents some of the finest and thought-provoking scholarship stemming from current graduate students in law. The articles stem from a graduate student essay contest that WYAJ held in 2013 and for which we received many submissions. The collection of selected papers offers a view of legal and interdisciplinary research examining issues that are topically diverse but which are all of deep, long-term importance to the world of access to justice. A reader of the special section on Graduate Student Scholarship will find explorations of access to justice from the perspectives of equality rights, discretion, adjudication and methods of legal service delivery, to name a few. A prize was offered to two papers judged to be of exceptional quality. I am very pleased to announce that the winners of those two prizes are Andrew Pilliar, for his article “Exploring a Law Firm Business Model to Improve Access to Justice” and Blair A. Major, for his contribution, “Religion and Law in R v NS: Finding Space to Re-think the Balancing Analysis”. The Editorial Board thanks all those who submitted papers to the contest and to this final special issue of the Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice. Another notable feature of this issue is the introduction of a section called Research Notes. The Yearbook will periodically publish peer-reviewed research notes that present the findings of empirical (quantitative, qualitative or mixed method research studies. This section aims to contribute to the growing and important body of empirical scholarship within the realm of access to justice socio-legal research. We hope that you enjoy

  2. An introduction to gas discharges

    CERN Document Server

    Howatson, A M

    2013-01-01

    An Introduction to Gas Discharges: Second Edition aims to provide a compact introduction to the subject of gas discharges, which continues to make both scientific and industrial progress. In this second edition, the author has made minor corrections, rewritten and expanded some sections, used SI units and modernized notions, in hopes of making the book more up to date. Included in the book is a short history of the subject, an introduction that enumerates the types of gas discharges, the fundamental processes, and then moves on to the more specific areas such as the breakdown, the self-sustai

  3. An Introduction to Quantum Optomechanics

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Milburn, G J; Woolley, M J

    2011-01-01

    We provide an introduction to the description of mechanical systems in the quantum regime, and provide a review of the various types of micro-scale and nano-scale optomechanical and electromechanical systems...

  4. Introduction to indexing and abstracting

    CERN Document Server

    Cleveland, Ana

    2013-01-01

    Successful information access in the digital information age requires robust systems of indexing and abstracting. This book provides a complete introduction to the subject that covers the many recent changes in the field.

  5. Branon dark matter: an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Cembranos, J A R; Maroto, A L

    2004-01-01

    This is a brief introduction to branon physics and its role in the dark matter problem. We pay special attention to the phenomenological consequences, both in high-energy particle physics experiments and in astrophysical and cosmological observations.

  6. An Introduction to Learning Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koper, Rob

    2005-01-01

    Koper, R. (2005). An Introduction to Learning Design. In: Koper, R. & Tattersall, C., Learning Design: A Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training (pp. 3-20). Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

  7. Antioxidants and Health: An Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... R S T U V W X Y Z Antioxidants: In Depth Share: On This Page Introduction Key ... safe care. About Free Radicals, Oxidative Stress, and Antioxidants Free radicals are highly unstable molecules that are ...

  8. An Introduction to Learning Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koper, Rob

    2005-01-01

    Koper, R. (2005). An Introduction to Learning Design. In: Koper, R. & Tattersall, C., Learning Design: A Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training (pp. 3-20). Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

  9. An Introduction to Cognitive Musicology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haumann, Niels Trusbak

    2015-01-01

    This historical-scientific introduction to Cognitive Musicology introduces the 150 years of research and discoveries in the psychology of music that partly presuppose the more recent discipline of Cognitive Musicology. Atomistic, Gestalt, functionalist, testing, behaviorist, cognitive, and neuros......This historical-scientific introduction to Cognitive Musicology introduces the 150 years of research and discoveries in the psychology of music that partly presuppose the more recent discipline of Cognitive Musicology. Atomistic, Gestalt, functionalist, testing, behaviorist, cognitive...

  10. Short Introduction to Quantum Computation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Proceedings of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Computational Mathematics Meeting 1996 Revision 2 Short Introduction to Quantum...useful for nanoscale computing and quantum computing. KEY WORDS: quantum computing, nano-scale computing, Moore’s law 1 Introduction It is likely that...memory) Digital Devices magnetostrictive delay line Intel 1103 integrated circuit IBM 3340 disk drive Smallest DRAM cell reported on at ISSC Current

  11. Introduction to wind turbine aerodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Schaffarczyk, Alois Peter

    2014-01-01

    Wind-Turbine Aerodynamics is a self-contained textbook which shows how to come from the basics of fluid mechanics to modern wind turbine blade design. It presents a fundamentals of fluid dynamics and inflow conditions, and gives a extensive introduction into theories describing the aerodynamics of wind turbines. After introducing experiments the book applies the knowledge to explore the impact on blade design.The book is an introduction for professionals and students of very varying levels.

  12. An introduction to electrooptic devices

    CERN Document Server

    Kaminow, Ivan P

    1974-01-01

    An Introduction to Electrooptic Devices aims to present an introduction to the electrooptic effect and to summarize work on devices employing the electrooptic effect. The book provides the necessary background in classical crystal optics. The text then discusses topics including crystal symmetry, the tensor description of linear dielectric properties, propagation in anisotropic media, and passive crystal optic devices. The book also describes the phenomenological description of tensor nonlinear dielectric properties of crystals, with emphasis on the electrooptic effect; device design and appli

  13. Chaos a very short introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Leonard

    2007-01-01

    Chaos: A Very Short Introduction shows that we all have an intuitive understanding of chaotic systems. It uses accessible maths and physics (replacing complex equations with simple examples like pendulums, railway lines, and tossing coins) to explain the theory, and points to numerous examples in philosophy and literature (Edgar Allen Poe, Chang-Tzu, and Arthur Conan Doyle) that illuminate the problems. The beauty of fractal patterns and their relation to chaos, as well as the history of chaos, and its uses in the real world and implications for the philosophy of science are all discussed in this Very Short Introduction.

  14. Introduction to biomedical engineering technology

    CERN Document Server

    Street, Laurence J

    2011-01-01

    IntroductionHistory of Medical DevicesThe Role of Biomedical Engineering Technologists in Health CareCharacteristics of Human Anatomy and Physiology That Relate to Medical DevicesSummaryQuestionsDiagnostic Devices: Part OnePhysiological Monitoring SystemsThe HeartSummaryQuestionsDiagnostic Devices: Part TwoCirculatory System and BloodRespiratory SystemNervous SystemSummaryQuestionsDiagnostic Devices: Part ThreeDigestive SystemSensory OrgansReproductionSkin, Bone, Muscle, MiscellaneousChapter SummaryQuestionsDiagnostic ImagingIntroductionX-RaysMagnetic Resonance Imaging ScannersPositron Emissio

  15. Introduction to THz wave photonics

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, X-C

    2009-01-01

    Introduction to THz Wave Photonics examines the science and technology related to terahertz wave technologies, taking a dual approach between presenting the field 's history while simultaneously providing an overview of existing technology. The latest research in developing THz areas such as electromagnetic waves are presented, along with an introduction to continuous wave THz technology. Authors X.-C. Zhang and Jingzhou Xu place particular emphasis on pulsed THz technology, among many other facets of THz technology including: Complete coverage of THz wave spectroscopy and imagingA discussion

  16. An introduction to fire dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Drysdale, Dougal

    2011-01-01

    "Drysdale's book is by far the most comprehensive - everyone in the office has a copy...now including me. It holds just about everything you need to know about fire science."(Review of An Introduction to Fire Dynamics, 2nd Edition) After 25 years as a bestseller, Dougal Drysdale's classic introduction has been brought up-to-date and expanded to incorporate the latest research and experimental data.  Homework problems are included, with solutions, and others are available on the accompanying website at www.wiley.com/go/drysdale. Essential reading for all involved in the field from undergraduate

  17. Introduction to applied algebraic systems

    CERN Document Server

    Reilly, Norman R

    2009-01-01

    This upper-level undergraduate textbook provides a modern view of algebra with an eye to new applications that have arisen in recent years. A rigorous introduction to basic number theory, rings, fields, polynomial theory, groups, algebraic geometry and elliptic curves prepares students for exploring their practical applications related to storing, securing, retrieving and communicating information in the electronic world. It will serve as a textbook for an undergraduate course in algebra with a strong emphasis on applications. The book offers a brief introduction to elementary number theory as

  18. An Introduction to TTCN-3

    CERN Document Server

    Willcock, Colin; Tobies, Stephan; Keil, Stefan; Engler, Federico; Schulz, Stephan; Wiles, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    This unique book provides a fully revised and up-to-date treatment of the TTCN-3 language TTCN-3 is an internationally standardised test language with a powerful textual syntax which has established itself as a global, universal testing language. Application of TTCN-3 has been widened beyond telecommunication systems to areas such as the automotive industry, internet protocols, railway signalling, medical systems, and avionics.An Introduction to TTCN-3 gives a solid introduction to the TTCN-3 language and its uses, guiding readers though the TTCN-3 standards, methodologies and tools with examp

  19. Introduction to computers: Reference guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ligon, F.V.

    1995-04-01

    The ``Introduction to Computers`` program establishes formal partnerships with local school districts and community-based organizations, introduces computer literacy to precollege students and their parents, and encourages students to pursue Scientific, Mathematical, Engineering, and Technical careers (SET). Hands-on assignments are given in each class, reinforcing the lesson taught. In addition, the program is designed to broaden the knowledge base of teachers in scientific/technical concepts, and Brookhaven National Laboratory continues to act as a liaison, offering educational outreach to diverse community organizations and groups. This manual contains the teacher`s lesson plans and the student documentation to this introduction to computer course.

  20. Solid state physics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Hofmann, Philip

    2015-01-01

    A must-have textbook for any undergraduate studying solid state physics. This successful brief course in solid state physics is now in its second edition. The clear and concise introduction not only describes all the basic phenomena and concepts, but also such advanced issues as magnetism and superconductivity. Each section starts with a gentle introduction, covering basic principles, progressing to a more advanced level in order to present a comprehensive overview of the subject. The book is providing qualitative discussions that help undergraduates understand concepts even if they can?t foll

  1. A General Introduction to Microcomputers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muiznieks, Viktors

    This basic introduction to microcomputers provides the neophyte with the terminology, definitions, and concepts that explain the microcomputer and computing technology in general. Mathematical operations with binary numbers, computer storage, controlling logic, and the concepts of stack and interrupt are explained. (RAO)

  2. Introduction to nanomedicine and nanobioengineering

    CERN Document Server

    Prasad, Paras N

    2012-01-01

    This book is an introduction to the emerging field of nanomedicine and its applications to health care. It describes the many multidisciplinary challenges facing nanomedicine and discusses the required collaboration between chemists, physicists, engineers and clinicians. The book introduces the reader to nanomedicine's vast potential to improve and extend human life through the application of nanomaterials in diagnosis and treatment of disease.

  3. Unit 03 - Introduction to Computers

    OpenAIRE

    Unit 74, CC in GIS; National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis

    1990-01-01

    This unit provides a brief introduction to computer hardware and software. It discusses binary notation, the ASCII coding system and hardware components including the central processing unit (CPU), memory, peripherals and storage media. Software including operating systems, word processors database packages, spreadsheets and statistical packages are briefly described.

  4. Presentación (Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Gómez Gómez

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Presentación del monográfico "Rey, sello y representación: el poder de la escritura y el documento en el gobierno de las Indias".Abstaract: Introduction of the monograph "King, seal and representation: the power of writing and document in the government of the Spanish Indies."

  5. Introduction to QCD Sum Rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominguez, C. A.

    2013-08-01

    A general, and very basic introduction to QCD sum rules is presented, with emphasis on recent issues to be described at length in other papers in this issue. Collectively, these papers constitute the proceedings of the International Workshop on Determination of the Fundamental Parameters of QCD, Singapore, March 2013.

  6. Polymeric Materials - introduction and degradation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kontogeorgis, Georgios

    1999-01-01

    These notes support the polymer part of the courses 91742 and 91762 (Materials and Corrosion/degradation of materials) taught in IFAKthey contain a short introduction on group contribution methods for estimating properties of polymers, polymer thermodynamics, viscoelasticity models as well...

  7. Introduction: Teaching Black Lives Matter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Austin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available An introduction to Radical Teacher, Issue 106: Teaching Black Lives Matter. This issue brings together a diverse collection of articles exploring educator’s responses, strategies, and stories on how #BlackLivesMatter has informed their teaching practice, the content of their courses, and their personal relationship to colleagues, family, friends, and self.

  8. Introduction to Weeds and Herbicides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartwig, Nathan L.

    This agriculture extension service publication from Pennsylvania State University is an introduction to weed control and herbicide use. An initial discussion of the characteristics of weeds includes scientific naming, weed competition with crops, weed dispersal and dormancy, and conditions affecting weed seed germination. The main body of the…

  9. The Lisbon Agenda: An Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lice, Anita; Striedinger, Angelika; Scholz, Christine; Mac Sithigh, Daithi; Fenech, Justin; Miklavic, Klemen; Geven, Koen; Stambolieva, Marija; Haslinger, Susi

    2006-01-01

    This handbook is an introduction to Lisbon Agenda and it is presented as a basis for ESIB's (The National Unions of Students in Europe) concerted work on the European Union's all-embracing strategy that is changing the parameters of the education systems. The reason for the existence of this handbook is the necessity to coordinate the work on all…

  10. Introduction to mathematical fluid dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Richard E

    2010-01-01

    An introduction to the behavior of liquids and gases, this volume provides excellent coverage of kinematics, momentum principle, Newtonian fluid, rotating fluids, compressibility, and more. It is geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics and general science, and it requires a background in calculus and vector analysis. 1971 edition.

  11. Introduction to Supersymmetric Gauge Theories

    CERN Document Server

    Piguet, O

    1997-01-01

    In these lectures I present a basic introduction to supersymmetry, especially to N=1 supersymmetric gauge theories and their renormalization, in the Wess-Zumino gauge. I also discuss the various ways supersymmetry may be broken in order to account for the lack of exact supersymmetry in the actual world of elementary particles.

  12. Introduction to (participatory) design games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Eva

    2014-01-01

    This article gives an introduction to (participatory) design games in three rounds. Firstly it argues that designing design games is a particular and very productive genre for formatting participation and design dialogues during ongoing design projects. Secondly it presents some of the main...

  13. Freud's "On Narcissism: An Introduction"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crockatt, Philip

    2006-01-01

    The author reviews Freud's (1914) seminal paper "On narcissism: an introduction". Freud's paper is briefly set in the historical context of the evolution of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theories, and Freud's metapsychology up to the publication of his Narcissism paper is outlined. A detailed and comprehensive description of the content of the…

  14. Polymeric Materials - introduction and degradation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kontogeorgis, Georgios

    1999-01-01

    These notes support the polymer part of the courses 91742 and 91762 (Materials and Corrosion/degradation of materials) taught in IFAKthey contain a short introduction on group contribution methods for estimating properties of polymers, polymer thermodynamics, viscoelasticity models as well...

  15. Presentación (Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Gómez, Margarita

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Presentación del monográfico "Rey, sello y representación: el poder de la escritura y el documento en el gobierno de las Indias". Abstaract: Introduction of the monograph "King, seal and representation: the power of writing and document in the government of the Spanish Indies."

  16. Freud's "On Narcissism: An Introduction"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crockatt, Philip

    2006-01-01

    The author reviews Freud's (1914) seminal paper "On narcissism: an introduction". Freud's paper is briefly set in the historical context of the evolution of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theories, and Freud's metapsychology up to the publication of his Narcissism paper is outlined. A detailed and comprehensive description of the content of the…

  17. Introduction to Weeds and Herbicides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartwig, Nathan L.

    This agriculture extension service publication from Pennsylvania State University is an introduction to weed control and herbicide use. An initial discussion of the characteristics of weeds includes scientific naming, weed competition with crops, weed dispersal and dormancy, and conditions affecting weed seed germination. The main body of the…

  18. Consumption and happiness: An introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Veenhoven (Ruut); L. Stanca (Luca)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractWhile abundant evidence is available about the relationship between income and happiness, relatively little is known about the effects of the level and composition of consumption on happiness. The present paper provides an introduction to this special issue devoted to Consumption and Hap

  19. Introduction to the Special Issue

    OpenAIRE

    Benati, Alessandro; Lee, James F.

    2015-01-01

    [Without Abstract]\\ud Introduction to International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, Volume 53, Issue 2 (Jun 2015)- Special Issue: Processing instruction: New insights after twenty years of theory, research and application. Guest Editors: Alessandro Benati and James F. Lee.

  20. Introduction to High Explosives Science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skidmore, Cary Bradford [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Preston, Daniel N. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-11-17

    These are a set of slides for educational outreach to children on high explosives science. It gives an introduction to the elements involved in this science: carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen. Combined, these form the molecule HMX. Many pictures are also included to illustrate explosions.

  1. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assmann, R. W.; Ferrario, M.

    2016-09-01

    Particle accelerators are a field of continuing and growing success. Today about 30,000 accelerators are operated with various types of particles, including electrons, positrons, protons, neutrinos and various kinds of ions. These particles are used for the investigation of fundamental particles and forces in our universe. In parallel a fast growing field of accelerator-based photon science has developed since the 1970"s. Modern particle beams produce unique photon pulses that are used in ground-breaking studies on fast processes in chemistry and biology, on structures of viruses and bacteria, on the phenomenon of multi-resistivity to medication, on the functioning of photo-synthesis at the electronic level and on other important challenges for human mankind. Last not least, numerous particle accelerators are being used every day for industrial and medical applications, including the irradiation of tumors in human patients.

  2. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebecca J. McLain; Marla R. Emery

    2001-01-01

    Wherever and whenever forests and humans have occupied the same space on Earth, it can be expected that Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP) have made important contributions to people's livelihoods. NTFP research and policy, however, have generally focused on the Third World. This special issue shifts attention to NTFP use, research, and policy concerns in the...

  3. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Binsbergen, van W.M.J.

    2003-01-01

    This volume brings together fifteen essays investigating aspects of interculturality. Published between 1969 and 2002, the essays operate at the borderline between anthropology and intercultural philosophy. Ethnographic data are derived from field research carried out in Tunisia, Zambia and Botswana

  4. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kornberger, Martin; Justesen, Lise; Mouritsen, Jan;

    2015-01-01

    that are grounded in the way people praise and prize things. The book is arranged around five concerns that underpin the debate about making things valuable. These concerns are: calculating/economizing; commensurating/switching; visualizing/hiding; modelling/tracing; and knowing/disciplining....

  5. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. de Wilde

    2008-01-01

    This year, on December 10, it will be exactly 60 years since the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Declaration's aim was togive all ‘members of the human family', regardless of sex, race, nationality, and class, legal protection agains

  6. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, M.M.; Jordão, Paula

    2006-01-01

    The events of 1968 and their repercussions in the seventies are generally characterised as an essential part of a decade of social conflict and evoke contradictory memories in national European imaginaries. This is certainly the case in Italy and Portugal, where the clash between creativity and viol

  7. Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Y. J. Cui

    2010-01-01

    @@ This is the second issue on unsaturated soil mechanics and deep geological nuclear waste disposal, corresponding to the International Symposium UNSAT-WASTE 2009 which was organised by Tongji University, China Three Gorges University, State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Ecole des Ponts ParisTech. This Symposium was held under the supports of TC6 (unsaturated soils) of ISSMGE, Commission on Radioactive Waste Disposal of ISRM, Commission on Underground Waste Disposal of CSRME, the National Natural Science Foundation of China and Earth Products China (EPC) Limited. Different experiences gained by various countries such as China, France, Germany, Belgium and Spain were presented and exchanged at the Symposium.

  8. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David-Claude Kemo Keimbou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Depuis le début des années 2010, on « commémore » le cinquantenaire des indépendances des pays d'Afrique noire francophone, de leurs armées, de leurs universités et grandes écoles, mais aussi de leur sport et mouvement sportif.

  9. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pyka, Andreas; Andersen, Esben Sloth

    2013-01-01

    The general theme of the thirteenth International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society Conference, held during June 21th–24th, 2010 at Aalborg University in Denmark, was the exploration of the interrelated phenomena of innovation, organization, sustainability and crises. By addressing these phenomena...

  10. Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Review of China' s Logistics Industry in 2011 and Outlook in 2012 The past year of 2011 is the first period of China' s Twelfth Five-Year Plan. Over the past year, under the strong leadership of the State Council, with the theme of scientific development and the main line of the transformation, all walks of the life continue to promote reform and opening up policy and socialist modemization construction,

  11. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luhmann, J. G.; Tatrallyay, M.

    Venus and Mars, our neighboring planets, have a long history in the human consciousness. Venus, in particular, was notable because of its brightness compared to other star-like objects in the sky. The first observations of Venus on record may be those enscribed by Babylonians on the famous "Venus tablet" in the British museum, which has been dated to ˜1700 BC. Venus has generally been associated with the female gender, except in ancient India. The name comes from the Roman goddess of love and beauty (analogous to the Babylonian Ishtar and the Greek Aphrodite). Venus was first thought by the Greeks to be two objects—a morning star "Phosphorus" and an evening star "Hesperus". Phythagoras, in 6 BC, is credited with being first to recognize they were the same object. Venus has since figured prominently in the history of physics and astronomy. The Greek Aristarchus first suggested (in ˜310-250 BC) that the planets move around the sun, but the idea lost favor to a theory of Ptolemy, which placed Earth at the center of the solar system. In the 9th-15th centuries, Arab astronomers studied Venus, and in the "new world," the Mayas used it in the organization of their calendar. In 1543, Copernicus finally published his own version of Aristarchus' vision of a heliocentric solar system, but it was probably not until Galileo, in ˜1610, telescopically observed that Venus had phases like the moon, that heliocentric theory was widely accepted (despite delays associated with the prevailing religious dogma). He announced that momentous discovery in a coded message to his contemporary Kepler (a usual practice of the time), which translated to "the mother of the loves imitates the phases of Cynthia".

  12. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniele Benati

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This Dossier – the first of «Intrecci d’Arte» – collects some of the papers presented at an international conference organized in 2014 by the PhD course in History of Art of the University of Bologna, in collaboration with The PhD courses of the Universities of Florence, Genoa, Naples, Padua, Pisa, Siena and Venice-Verona. In presenting the topics, the curator focuses on the ‘main’ function of the fresco decoration in the Gothic period. The use of embellishing the sacred buildings with great fresco cycles aims to indicate the sacredness of the place and to represent the message of God's Word through images. According to Bruno Toscano, in fact, the main function of fresco cycles is connected to their setting. Carefully studied iconographic programs address to educated people, while the rich colors of the painted walls and the forcefulness of single images have to appeal the devotees, even if they weren’t able to understand the meaning of them. This aspect also explains the controversy born in the Franciscan Order concerning the pomp of the decoration, in contrast with the Vote of Poverty. During the Fourteenth Century, the custom of votive frescoes commissioned by single devotees changes the relationship between audience and images.

  13. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grosser, Kate; McCarthy, Lauren; Kilgour, Maureen A.

    2016-01-01

    The idea for this book grew out of the work on gender and corporate social responsibility (CSR) undertaken at the International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility (ICCSR), Nottingham University Business School (UK). Beginning in 2003, this research and teaching agenda expanded quite rapid...

  14. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynn A. Higgins

    1985-09-01

    Full Text Available From an issue of the Magazine Litteraire featuring the work of Fernand Braudel to an article by Hayden White on the "Absurdist moment" in criticism, it is clear that the disciplines of history and literary studies are converging. Historians like White and Dominick La Capra in the United States, and Michel de Certeau and the members of the Annales School in France are investigating the rhetorical modes of their craft and exploring implications of the fact that it is historians themselves who "make history." At the same time, literary scholars, emerging from Structuralism and the New Criticism, are seeking with increasing urgency to understand the historical dimensions of fiction. By bridging the gap between story and history and by opening lines of dialogue between two traditionally separate. even hostile, fields of inquiry, the essays in this issue of Studies in Twentieth Century Literature provide support for the recent assertion that to raise the question of the historical within literary studies is "the most vital stance to take at this particular moment in history..."

  15. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peters, Chris

    2016-01-01

    the Google equivalent of a blank stare, even writing it down or saying it aloud feels a little awkward. This is almost certainly no discursive anomaly but is rather indicative of the subjugation of spatial thinking to temporal analysis within academia (Soja 1989). While space has been “treated as the dead...

  16. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Michael; Worm, Verner; Li, Xin

    2017-01-01

    The global business context is turbulent and becoming a dynamic complex system where small events can trigger large outcomes that are difficult to predict. This gives urgency to the search for responsive global organizations that are able to adapt the multinational corporate strategy so it provides...... a better fit with the changing demands of the environment. An important key to this challenge is to activate the responsive potential of the many individuals in the multinational corporation and use them to inform strategic decisions and gain updated insights from the field and instill an organizational...... culture with supportive structures that will release the entrepreneurial human potential throughout the global organization. The eight chapters presented in this book provide useful insights to fuel these considerations....

  17. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana S. ROŠKER

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spirituality plays a significant role in shaping the cohesion of communities, their values, and their structures across the globe. Various religious practices and ideational systems are particularly complex in Asia. Home to some of the world major spiritual traditions such as Hinduism and Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism, as well as to a relevant number of practicing Christians, Muslims, and self-identified atheists and agnostics, Asia provides us with an intense and extraordinarily rich tapestry of different religious and spiritual practices...

  18. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Gisle; Hardt, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Recent decades of research in linguistics have seen a shift towards empirical methods and an increased use of data from corpora as a basis for making claims about language (Sampson 2005). This trend has made its mark on research on the Nordic languages also, and the current special issue aims...

  19. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rubin, Olivier; Bruun, Ole

    2015-01-01

    The article discusses various reports publsihed within the issue which includes social repercussions of diverse natural disasters and disaster management policies across Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand and Nepal, impact of the 2004 tsunami on Indonesia and the 2008 cyclone Nargis in Myanmar and South...

  20. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    are amongst the most creative and thought provoking of this diverse field. The selection covers diverse topics such as theories, concepts, methods, and approaches as well as exploring various modes of mobilities and the relationship to everyday life practices. The pieces also cover the ‘politics of mobilities...

  1. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Berdet

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available « Angesichts dieser Allgegenwart von stories in der heutigen Medienkulturgesellschaft spricht vieles für die These, daß das Erzählen von (kürzeren oder längeren, privaten oder öffentlichen Geschichten in der Tat ein anthropologisches Grundbedürfnis zu sein scheint. » (Nünning, 2002 : 9Dans le Zeit du 05 mars 2009, l’écrivaine Kathrin Röggla constate que nous n’avons pas encore trouvé de forme narrative pour expliquer la crise financière mondiale. Une nouvelle dramaturgie politique a eu beau...

  2. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahonen, Pasi; Alahuhta, Petteri; Daskala, Barbara; Delaitre, Sabine; Hert, Paul De; Lindner, Ralf; Maghiros, Ioannis; Moscibroda, Anna; Schreurs, Wim; Verlinden, Michiel

    The brave new world of ambient intelligence is almost upon us. Ambient intelligence is the phrase coined to describe a world in which "intelligence" is embedded in virtually everything around us. It has been called an Internet of things, where radio frequency identification (RFID) tags are attached to all products. It is a world of smart dust with networked sensors and actuators so small as to be virtually invisible, where the clothes you wear, the paint on your walls, the carpets on your floor, and the paper money in your pocket have a computer communications capability. It is a 4G world where today's mobile phone is transformed into a terminal capable of receiving television, accessing the Internet, downloading music, reading RFIDs, taking pictures, enabling interactive video telephony, and much more. It is a world of convergence, where heterogeneous devices are able to communicate seamlessly across today's disparate networks, a world of machine learning and intelligent software, where computers monitor our activities, routines and behaviours to predict what we will do or want next. In the brave new world of ambient intelligence, we will never have to worry about losing track of our children because they will have a location device implanted under the skin or, if they are squeamish about that, then at least they will have one in their wristwatch.

  3. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Chenetier

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This « concept » or « test » issue  of the European Journal of American Studies gathers a series of presentations on the state of and problems posed by American Studies in a variety of European countries. As we endeavored to take advantage of the potential new dimension that might be given American Studies in Europe thanks to the generous hospitality of the « revues.org » website, it seemed fit to give Americanists and all readers interested in American Studies a general sense of the situatio...

  4. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helge Hvid

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In this issue, there are three concepts that stand out as particularly important: Equality, Trust, and Agency. Three articles have equality as normative guideline. In the first article, it is analyzed how inequality is reproduced in recruitment practices, even when laws and formal rules are respected. A second article examines class and gender inequality, related to berth, maternity leave, work orientation, and the return to the labor market. A third article examines the evolution of government policy for gender equality. The concept of trust is analyzed theoretically in one article. Agency is highlighted in two articles. The analyses of the first article is at the micro level. Here, it is investigated how agency in daily work is challenged when municipalities are exposed to major reforms. Analyses in the second article are on the macro level. Here, it is investigated how European trade unions can influence EU policy (...

  5. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Peder Duelund; Feuerhake, Eduardo

    2005-01-01

    Bogen beskriver den særegne arkitektur, som kendetegner den sydchilenske øgruppe Chiloe Archipelago. Huse i træ udviklet i en lang tradition fra fiskerlandsbyernes Palafitos til et stort antal kirker, hvoraf 16 er på Unescos liste. Videreført i moderne arkitektur....

  6. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Tore; Sandøy, Helge

    2010-01-01

    , and involve both quantitative and qualitative relationships. Indeed, the outcome of language contact is a question of numbers and frequencies in terms of use and users, of sameness vs. differencein terms of linguistic structure, of dominance vs. subordination in terms of socio-historical contexts, etc...

  7. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Jiménez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The control of external borders is undoubtedly an issue of the greatest contemporary relevance. It presents a range of challenges on various fronts in a setting in which, in an increasingly globalised world, the movement of populations is an unstoppable process. For reception countries, it is crucial to achieve intelligent, effective and organised management of external borders without neglecting human rights. This edition of Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals reflects on the control of foreign borders from a perspective that seeks to give greater visibility to the need for human rights to be respected in the face of approaches whose priority is essentially security. To this end, five of the studies in this edition focus on the European situation, while three analyse alternative experiences and models of action that serve to enrich the debate and provide a wider perspective on the issue.

  8. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seeberg, Peter

    2015-01-01

    , and to discuss theoretical approaches and paradigms of relevance for the analysis of these new regional dynamics. The MENA region experienced, in connection with and following the Arab uprisings, a hitherto unseen popular mobilization. Despite the recent highly problematic situation in several Middle Eastern...

  9. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    officials. The case studies show different countries wrestling with the problem, some doing better and some worse. This is a fascinating and important book." Richard R. Nelson, George Blumenthal, Professor Emeritus of International and Public Affairs, Business, and Law, Columbia University, New York, USA....

  10. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oded Rabinovitch

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Le dossier ici présenté au lecteur se veut une occasion d’ouvrir et d’élargir la discussion autour de « Sauver le Grand-Siècle ». Il ne s’agit pas d’une étude de réception ou pire, d’un « méta-compte rendu » qui aurait présomptueusement la prétention de conclure le débat en tranchant entre les divers points de vue. Au contraire, le fait de regrouper une partie des comptes rendus édités dans des publications très diverses permet de faire émerger des questions, des suggestions et des manières d...

  11. Introduction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Onyii Ogbonna

    Risk management strategies utilized by small scale poultry farmers in Oyo. State, Nigeria: .... Taking Scale (DOSPERT) (Weber, 2003) to measure farmers' risk perception to ..... Effects of poverty on risk attitudes of farmers in ... Tools for project.

  12. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keagan LeJeune

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available I heard many stories growing up, ghost stories, buried treasure stories, and stories about family members. I have even heard my share of outlaw legends. Most wouldn’t figure that a young boy in Louisiana would hear many stories of outlaw robbers or gun fights, but throughout America outlaw legends abound, especially the “good outlaw” or heroic criminal. Most, though, do not exactly fit the pattern people are used to seeing in old western movies, but if people learn how to look, the legends are here. In Louisiana, the outlaw might not be a cowboy but a boat captain, and the loot might not be a stagecoach box but bootlegged alcohol. The outlaw may be an oilfield or sawmill worker, an old trapper, or even a computer hacker, but the core story is the same. An underdog fights some oppressive force for the benefit of the common people. That doesn’t mean people are still afraid of these people or that they embrace the life of an outlaw, but they are still fascinated by them and tell their stories. One of my students once wrote an essay about heroes, and his hero was the group of people he grew up with, “river rats,” for him people who live on Louisiana’s rivers and swamps. One of the group’s characteristics he found so appealing was their ability to evade the law, to skirt the rules and regulations that the government established but that the group did not embrace, such as hunting licenses or boat permits. One of the most detailed portions of the essay, and I must admit one of the most fascinating, explained how some of his relatives had developed a method for growing marijuana under the government’s nose by placing the plants in hollow trees trunks located in the vast marsh. He even referred to these figures as “our own Robin Hoods;” after all, in his mind they are defying the rules of an oppressive system for the benefit of the common people.

  13. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merete Anderssen

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The third volume of the 34th edition of Nordlyd contains the proceedings for a workshop on language acquisition that took place at the Twenty Second Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics (SCL 22. The overall theme of the conference was 'brain, mind and language,' and the workshop invited abstracts in first, second and bilingual acquisition related to this theme. SCL 22 was held at the Centre For Linguistics (CFL at the University of Aalborg in Denmark on June 19–22, 2006, under the auspices of the Nordic Association of Linguists (NAL.

  14. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Delbey, Evrard

    2016-01-01

    Venance Fortunat continue d’exister pour les lecteurs du xxie siècle qui appartiennent au grand public, selon l’expression usuelle. Nous en voulons pour preuve anecdotique le roman historique Les voiles de Frédégonde écrit par J.-L. Fetjaine. Fortunat y figure, en effet, comme poète latin de la cour mérovingienne d’Austrasie où règne Sigebert époux de Brunehilde, la fille du roi wisigoth d’Espagne. Il apparaît dans l’intrigue au moment où Chilpéric, frère de Sigebert, assiste ébloui à ce mari...

  15. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helge Hvid

    2013-01-01

    This issue includes six articles where we start off by Abrahamsson and Johansson, who give us a short but comprehensive presentation of how psychosocial work environment has been understood in research and policy over 100 years, with Sweden as the focal point. Short, because they write in the format of an article. Comprehensive, because the authors take a broad understanding of the psychosocial work environment comprising “health/illness,” where factors such as stress and burnout are central, “management and development,” where employee involvement, learning, and innovation are central, and “problematization,” which includes critically oriented research on the nature of work. The article not only provides an overview of the research that has been done in this area in the last 100 years but also relates research to policy and practice. The article thus provides a valuable perspective on today’s research and public debate on the works, with a Nordic perspective (...

  16. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, P.A.M.; Hutte, E.

    2014-01-01

    For over 50 years Western initiatives to alleviate poverty were driven by a dominant logic that was based on the assumption that poor people were victims that needed to be helped by large-scale development aid projects to break the “vicious circle of poverty”. The late Peter Bauer said (1987: 30): “

  17. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helge Hvid

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this issue, two of the articles present studies on the creation of working conditions through work place communication—informal communication at the workplace  and at formal meetings, respectively. An article examines how young unemployed people position themselves in relation to the dominant discourse on unemployment. An article examines the impact of collective agreements on the employment of older workers, and finally, an article presents a study on employment in the third sector (...

  18. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Alfred Hornung

    2012-01-01

    Forty years after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the charismatic leader of the civil rights movement, Barack H. Obama was elected the first African American president of the United States of America in 2008. Although U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy had predicted in 1961 that a black person could be president like his brother “in the next thirty or forty years,” nobody really expected this kind of victory to come true.

  19. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Constructivism has become the overarching scientific paradigm in the social study of science and technology (STS). The notion that scientific facts and technological artefacts result from processes of social construction is the major scientific innovation of the preceding decades in the sociology of science and technology. With constructivism being the established paradigm in this field of research: what comes next? What comes after constructivism in science and technology studies? The contr...

  20. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbst, Eric

    2016-07-01

    The formation of life remains a mystery. In our three-day scientific event, we will hear talks and see posters concerning what astrochemistry and astrobiology can currently tell us about this mystery. The first subject to be explored by our speakers will be astrochemistry, and what has been learned about the formation of complex molecules in star- and planet-forming regions of the interstellar medium. This topic will be sub-divided into three subjects: astronomical observations, laboratory experiments, and simulations of the chemistry leading to large molecules, both in the gas and on the surfaces of interstellar dust particles. Some introductory remarks will be given about these subjects. We will next learn about the roles of comets and exoplanets. We will hear how comets can produce water and complex molecules, and possibly deliver them to nascent planets such as the early earth, and we will learn what current space probes such as Rosetta can tell us about the chemical make-up of comets. Regarding exoplanets, speakers will explore their likely atmospheres, and what complex molecules can be simulated in them. The last part of the event will be divided into various fields of astrobiology, including synthetic approaches to primitive life, paths to observations of life on other worlds, simulations of the origin of life, and the particular role of hydrothermal environments. In summary, we will learn about significant progress in astrochemistry and astrobiology, and yet we will also learn about how much more must be known before we can solve in its entirety the basic problem of how life arose.

  1. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bainbridge, William Sims

    This brief introductory chapter sets the stage for a broad discussion of many aspects of virtual worlds, by comparing episodes experienced by two avatar researchers, one in Second Life (SL), and the other in Star Wars Galaxies (SWG). Interviewer Wilber attends a medieval dance on an SL island created by Starfleet, an innovative and hard-working group of 500 Star Trek fans, who have created working virtual technology and soaring architecture to make real their fantasies about the human future. Algorithma Teq visits the Mos Eisley Cantina in SWG, where Luke Skywalker originally met Han Solo, and is scrutinized by two Imperial storm troopers, even as she attempts to remain aloof from the Star Wars mythos and simply practice her engineering skills in making droids. It can be useful to distinguish gamelike virtual worlds from non-game worlds, yet as these examples show, they are not distinct categories, and virtual worlds inevitably mix fantasy and reality in complex ways.

  2. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    Notions of life and death hold a prominent place in our metaphorical repertoires. As oppositional pairs go, there are few more stark and palpable, and this is probably why it’s not only tempting but also persuasive to present the claim for journalism’s worth in similar terms. If journalism is ind...

  3. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Streitberger

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The papers in this special issue arise from a conference held at the University of Louvain (UCL in Louvain-la-Neuve in October 2009 under the title Between documentation and fiction – photography in artists’ books. As for the conference, the aim of this publication is to reconsider the functions of photographic images in books created by artistes since the 1960s.

  4. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steijn, Arthur; Ion Wille, Jakob

    2013-01-01

    concerts. Three cultural institutions in the Øresund region, Malmö Symphony Orchestra, The Royal Danish Theatre, and Copenhagen Phil, are functioning as laboratories for developing and testing new concepts. Concept development in the project focuses mainly on artistic and technological productions...

  5. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    It is more than 10 years since we have published our first special issue devoted to the Computer Algebra. For us it was a starting point for the development of Computer Algebra in Moldova. Looking back we can say that this was a period during which we have found our own place in this very important part of modern Computer Science. It was, of course, impossible without the help of our colleagues from other countries, without the financial support from INTAS and Swedish Academy of Science. In f...

  6. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Eiroa San Francisco, Matilde; Rojo Hernandez, Severiano

    2016-01-01

    El levantamiento militar del 18 de julio de 1936 y la sangrienta guerra civil que generó demostraron hasta qué punto la prensa en España –como en el resto de las sociedades occidentales– desempeñaba desde finales del siglo XIX un papel político y social fundamental, papel que las crisis incrementaron constantemente. Por su impacto sobre las representaciones, su capacidad para orientar las emociones de las masas y su rol en la definición de las normas de conducta legítimas ocupaba una función ...

  7. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    « Eh bien,j'ai noté, messieurs, je crois, et je vais essayer de traiter le problème monétaire dans son ensemble et dans tous ses aspects. Je vous préviens tout de suite que je serai très long, très ennuyeux, mais je n'y peux rien, c'est le sujet. »Georges Pompidou, « Entretiens et discours 1968-1974 », t. 2, Paris, Plon, 1975, p. 39. Je n’ai pas trop de mérites à me sentir européen. Les idées et les arguments ont, certes, contribué à forger mes convictions. Mais mon passé a donné à mon chemin...

  8. Introduction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Choice-Academy

    1987-09-23

    Sep 23, 1987 ... Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management Vol.2 No.2. ... analyzed the spatial patterns of healthcare facilities in Akwa Ibom State ... indicator variables were obtained and analyzed to assess the levels of ...

  9. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms; Bohlinger, Sandra; Haake, Ulrika;

    2015-01-01

    Research on adult, professional and vocational education in a global world is timely (Farrell & Fenwick, 2007). Globalisation and economic crises are the trends that most dramatically transform the social, political, economic and ecological spheres of our time and directly affect the everyday life...... of local communities and workplaces. Current challenges set compelling requirements for the working and learning of the members of communities. Over the past decades of adult, professional and vocational education research, researchers have increasingly addressed globalisation and its political, value......-based and ethical underpinnings. Work-related learning and the workplace as an arena of learning and education is, in Fenwick’s (2001) terms, a highly political space, in which the requirements of flexibility, specialisation, privatisation, and globalisation “change the nature and environment of work...

  10. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Hanne

    2010-01-01

    Introduktion til Religion in the 21st Century, der indeholder bidrag fra den afsluttende konference i Københavns Universitets satsningsområde 2003-2007 om Religion i det 21. århundrede. Bidrag om 'Political and Intellectual Challenge', 'The Religion and Science Debate', 'Islam and State Politics'...

  11. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meiner, Carsten; Bury, Emmanuel

    2013-01-01

    Les travaux réunis ici se proposent d'explorer les principaux champs du savoir où la notion de clarté fait sens durant la période des xviie et xviiie siècles: dans la philosophie, dans les discours grammatical, rhétorique et religieux, et enfin, dans le domaine de la poétique classique....

  12. Introduction.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stobbelaar, D.J.; Mansvelt, van J.D.

    1997-01-01

    This special issue of Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment contains the work done in the framework of the EU-concerted action programme "The nature and landscape production capacity of organic/sustainable types of agriculture". The aim of this concerted action is to define proposals to extend the E

  13. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc-Éric Bobillier Chaumon

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available L’importance des technologies d’information demeure toujours d’actualité, car elle concerne directement la gestion des activités de travail par les professionnels, les liens avec l’évolution des conditions de travail et les conséquences sur la santé et le bien-être des salariés. De l’informatique des années 1960 aux technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC, fruits de la convergence numérique : où en est-on de la diffusion des TIC dans les entreprises et dans les administrati...

  14. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred Hornung

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Forty years after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the charismatic leader of the civil rights movement, Barack H. Obama was elected the first African American president of the United States of America in 2008. Although U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy had predicted in 1961 that a black person could be president like his brother “in the next thirty or forty years,” nobody really expected this kind of victory to come true.

  15. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strijker, Derk; Voerman, Gerrit; Terluin, Ida; Strijker, Dirk; Voerman, Gerrit; Terluin, Ida

    2015-01-01

    Some agricultural or rural protest groups in the Western world evolved into political parties - often of a populist nature - whereas others did not. This book is the first to explore under which conditions this happens, and to what extent current populist parties have agricultural or rural ties and

  16. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossing, Thomas D.

    String instruments are found in almost all musical cultures. Bowed string instruments form the backbone of symphony orchestras, and they are used widely as solo instruments and in chamber music as well. Guitars are used universally in pop music as well as in classical music. The piano is probably the most versatile of all musical instruments, used widely not only in ensemble with other musical instruments but also as a solo instrument and to accompany solo instruments and the human voice.

  17. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Manninen, Lea Parjo, Asta; Jeskanen-Sundström, Heli

    2003-01-01

    \\emph{The papers in this issue}} focus on \\emph{Statistics Describing the Information Society}. Most of the papers originate from presentations given during the IAOS Satellite Meeting on Statistics for the Information Society, Tokyo 2001 in connection with the ISI Session in Seoul 2001. However, the authors have further developed and up-dated their papers. The aim of this special issue of the ISR is very much the same as the goal of the above mentioned IAOS Satellite Meeting...

  18. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Douw

    2015-01-01

    This special issue contains a selection of articles, produced from papers presented at a workshop under the title Border Societies, Chinese descendants in East Asia under Japanese colonialism, 1895-1945, convened in Macao on 25 June 2013. Its purpose is to contribute to the writing of a global histo

  19. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weissman, Jon; Wolters, Lex; Abramson, David; Humphrey, Marty

    Grid, Cluster, and Cloud Computing represent important points on the parallel and distributed computing platform landscape. Grids and clusters continue to generate interesting and important research. The inclusion of Cloud computing is new for 2009 and we are happy to report that our track has two high quality papers on Clouds. This year the track was very competitive and 7 out of 27 papers were selected, an acceptance rate that is lower than the conference as a whole. The papers were carefully reviewed by all chairs with 4 reviews per paper and a clear consensus emerged on the top 7 papers. We are pleased that one of our papers (POGGI) was selected as one of the top 4 best papers in the conference. The papers spanned many countries in Europe and Asia and covered a wide-array of topics including programming systems, infrastructure, and applications.

  20. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Egbert, Maria; Deppermann, Arnulf

    2012-01-01

    Hearing loss is a prevalent communication disability, yet to date there is almost no research on naturally occurring interaction which examines how participants handle hearing loss and the use of hearing aids in communication. In contrast, research focussing on the medical and technological dimen......, interdisciplinary research approach geared at understanding and improving social interaction impacted by hearing loss and (non-)use of hearing technologies. Towards this end, we are integrating Conversation Analysis, audiology and User Centered Design....

  1. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lardinois, A.P.M.H.; Levie, S.A.; Hoeken, H.; Lüthy, C.H.

    2014-01-01

    The papers collected in this volume study the function and meaning of narrative texts from a variety of perspectives. The word 'text' is used here in the broadest sense of the term: it denotes literary books, but also oral tales, speeches, newspaper articles and comics. One of the purposes of this v

  2. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lardinois, A.P.M.H.; Levie, S.A.; Hoeken, H.; Lüthy, C.H.

    2015-01-01

    The papers collected in this volume study the function and meaning of narrative texts from a variety of perspectives. The word 'text' is used here in the broadest sense of the term: it denotes literary books, but also oral tales, speeches, newspaper articles and comics. One of the purposes of this v

  3. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César González Ochoa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La unam y la uba, Universidad de Buenos Aires, han estado ligadas por varias razones desde hace mucho tiempo; su historia, sus problemas, sus logros han sido paralelos; han tenido un continuo intercambio, sobre todo de profesores, aunque tal vez la unam ha sido más favorecida en este aspecto. La necesidad de iniciar esta presentación de Acta Poetica con esas alusiones a las dos universidades obedece a que este número es un esfuerzo conjunto de investigadores de ambas casas de estudio. Antes de hablar de los artículos que se publican, quisiéramos hacer un breve recorrido histórico de la uba para observar la similaridad con el camino que ha seguido nuestra universidad.

  4. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Grangaud

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Issue d’une réflexion menée en commun par un groupe d’historiens orientalistes, la construction de l’objet de recherche au cœur de ce dossier s’est nourrie à la source de la volonté de dépasser un problème sur lequel butaient les entreprises d’histoire sociale de notre champ d’étude. C’est dans le cadre d’un séminaire autour d’une réévaluation de la recherche sur les villes du Maghreb et du Machrek aux époques médiévale et moderne, que s’est peu à peu élaboré le projet d’une étude des formes ...

  5. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    African countries, taken separately, or grouped together as a unit, still largely remain resource-based economies. The challenge is to change the resource-based economic structure into a science, technology, engineering and innovation driven knowledge based economic system. Taking this challenge...... head on means African countries have to organise their science, technology, engineering and innovation for a development agenda systematically, more in collaboration than in competition with one another. What appears to remain a deficit is the vast collaborative distance that still exists on matters...

  6. Introduction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sulaiman.adebowale

    2008-09-10

    Sep 10, 2008 ... Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2008 ... work of a select number of African graduate students in the US. It locates the different ... It highlights the issue of the role which the fourth generation.

  7. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leschke, Janine; Jepsen, Maria

    2012-01-01

    and governments' policy responses have also been widening labour market inequalities between different groups within countries, the authors argue, as illustrated by the disproportionate growth of youth employment and their specific focus on gender inequality. Cross-national variations in the content and structure......Introducing the contributions to this special issue of the International Labour Review, this article reviews the broad phases of the economic crisis in the EU since 2008 and highlights the critical role of social policy in mitigating its initial impact on Europeans. However, the crisis...

  8. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Graauw, T.

    2010-09-01

    As this editorial is written, we have seven antennas at the Chajnantor plateau, the "High Site". Seven antennas means twenty-one baselines, i.e. more than twice as many as we had only two months ago. As you know, the bonus we have in interferometry is that the the number of baselines increases roughly with the square of the available antennas. The image quality can be further enhanced, because the projection of a celestial source onto the existing baselines changes due to the rotation of the Earth. A large number of baselines is important but not sufficient to fulfill one important promise of ALMA, namely to provide crisp images. Unlike the sharp images from the Hubble Space Telescope, images from ground based optical or radio telescopes are blurred by the Earth's atmosphere. It is the Holy Grail of observing astronomy to overcome such atmospheric effects. Recently, ALMA has made a big step toward this goal by using Water Vapor Radiometers operating at 183 GHz to measure the amount of atmospheric water vapor at any instant in the line of sight of each antenna, and applying a corresponding correction to the astronomical data received. This not only improves the image quality, it is essential for using ALMA at its lowest wavelengths of around 0.3mm and at baselines exceeding several kilometers. Achieving this has a been a collaborative effort involving many parts of the project and there are all to be congratulated. JAO has now moved into our new Santiago Central Office in Vitacura next to the ESO premises, ending a phase of two years were Santiago based staff was distributed in two different buildings. This new ALMA office will also host the ALMA archive. Although ALMA users are normally not expected to come to Chile to observe, there will be office space for visitors, since ALMA has been and will always be a cooperation of people from many countries and many fields of science and engineering. This newsletter contains a list of workshops, schools and conferences dealing with ALMA, reflecting the interest of the astronomical community in our project. I invite everybody to join these events in order to discuss the exciting science made possible with ALMA, and to learn how to use this instrument in an efficient way. After all, the first call for ALMA observing proposals will be released very soon. After having served as ALMA Project Engineer since 2004, Rick Murowinski has decided to go back to Canada. We thank him for his important contributions to our project during very crucial years and wish him all the best for his future career.

  9. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Raineau, Clémentine; Bernard, Mathias

    2014-01-01

    Depuis le milieu du XXe siècle, la figure du jeune est au coeur des représentations collectives des sociétés occidentales. Jeune rebelle contestant les normes de la société de consommation ou jeune soucieux de son intégration par l’école et le travail, jeune étudiant des « années 68 » ou « jeune des banlieues » des années 1980, marqué par le chômage et la crise urbaine, adolescent en rupture avec le modèle familial ou jeune adulte qui quitte à grand-peine le cocon parental... toutes ces image...

  10. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    The anthology offers 11 original contributions about the women in GoT, the transmedial universe of George R.R. Martin's book series A Song of Ice and Fire, the HBO TV series Game of Thrones, computer games and online fan activities. The anthology examines the representation of women, and activity...

  11. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Carozza, Jean-Michel; Devillers, Benoît; Marriner, Nick; Morhange, Christophe

    2015-01-01

    Ce numéro 122 (2014) de la revue Méditerranée, dédié au petit âge de glace en Méditerranée, est une contribution aux programmes de recherche suivants (1) laboratoire LABEX OT MED, (2) programme PALEOMEX-MISTRALS, en particulier ENVIMED, projet pluridisciplinaire consacré à l’étude des changements climatiques de l’aire méditerranéenne depuis 10 000 ans, (3) ANR GEOMAR. Cette publication a aussi bénéficié d’un financement complémentaire du programme IUF Mer Noire-Méditerranée (2011-2016) et du ...

  12. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Fournel

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Préambule et hypothèsesL’hypothèse qui prévalait à l’organisation de cette rencontre transdisciplinaire, réunissant des philosophes, des historiens, des spécialistes de géostratégie et d’histoire militaire, mais aussi des acteurs des guerres récentes (militaires ou victimes de la « barbarisation de la guerre », était de remettre en question l’idée d’un lien de dépendance logique ou d’un lien de causalité direct, souvent établi, entre l’« humanisation » et la « barbarisation » de la guerre, l...

  13. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tavasszy, L.A.; Jong, G. de

    2013-01-01

    In this introductory chapter we provide a concise overview of the state of the art of mathematical models of the freight transport system, focussing mainly on areas where it deviates from passenger transport models. We introduce a conceptual model of the freight transport system that includes

  14. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Françoise LAINÉ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available La persistance de l’itinérance des cours dans la péninsule ibérique nourrit une abondante historiographie qui a récemment glissé de l’étude des itinéraires à celle de l’itinérance. L’exercice itinérant du pouvoir, conjugué à un développement administratif non négligeable consiste en une succession d’étapes urbaines, surtout, sans générer de véritables capitales comme dans les états bourguignons. Les déplacements d’une cour plurielle tournent néanmoins au défi logistique permanent.La persistencia de la itinerancia de las cortes en la península ibérica nutre una abundante historiografía, la cual ha pasado recientemiente del estudio de los itinerarios al estudio de la itinerancia. El exercicio itinerante del poder, aunado a un desarrollo administrativo no desdeñable, consiste en una sucesión de etapas urbanas sobre todo, sin suscitar verdaderas capitales, como en los estados borgoñones. Los traslados de una corte plural se convierten no obstante en un reto logístico permanente.

  15. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-01

    A year has passed since Raymond left us, but for many of us it seems like it was yesterday. Indeed, since his departure last July, not a week or even a day has gone by without his former collaborators, students, colleagues having a thought for him. Some initiatives have already been taken in order to celebrate Raymond's memory. The special day for Raymond organized at CERN last December was an opportunity to celebrate this exceptional man. In Annecy, with the implication of CERN and Marseille and thanks to a spontaneous and generous gift of Raymond's wife Marie-Françoise and their children Olivier and Thierry, the opening of a special room containing a huge collection of scientific books of Raymond is almost completed. It is in the same spirit that the present editors decided to dedicate a special issue of Nuclear Physics in memory of Raymond. In the following pages, some important problems Raymond was interested in are presented, discussed and sometimes solved. The diversity of topics in this issue reflects well the extent of Raymond's interests in Physics and Mathematics. Raymond was not only a gifted man for the so-called theoretical sciences, mathematics and physics, but he was also passionate about arts, music, drawing and of course literature, just as he was a leader always ready to bring his help and share his deep knowledge in physics and mathematics with others. Many people were deeply touched by Paul Sorba's tribute during Raymond's funeral. This is why we asked Paul to translate his speech, originally given in French, which seemed to us a perfect Prolegomena for this special volume of Nuclear Physics. The volume "Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Field Theory" is organized as follows:

  16. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Dominique Maingueneau

    2012-01-01

    Comme l’indique clairement son titre, ce numéro spécial de la revue Argumentation et Analyse du Discours présente une réflexion non sur un thème bien circonscrit mais sur une double frontière : d’une part celle qui distingue analyse du discours et rhétorique (pour faire vite, j’utilise ce terme pour désigner l’ensemble des travaux sur l’argumentation), d’autre part celle qui distingue analyse critique et analyse non-critique (« critique » étant entendu ici dans le sens qu’il a communément dan...

  17. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Maingueneau

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Comme l’indique clairement son titre, ce numéro spécial de la revue Argumentation et Analyse du Discours présente une réflexion non sur un thème bien circonscrit mais sur une double frontière : d’une part celle qui distingue analyse du discours et rhétorique (pour faire vite, j’utilise ce terme pour désigner l’ensemble des travaux sur l’argumentation, d’autre part celle qui distingue analyse critique et analyse non-critique (« critique » étant entendu ici dans le sens qu’il a communément dan...

  18. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jörg Nagler

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available February 12, 2009, marked the 200th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday. In anticipation of this event, the annual U.S. Embassy Teacher Academy, hosted by the U.S. Embassy, Berlin, from October 2 to 5, 2008 in Potsdam, explored the implications of his presidency on the United States and the world in terms of nation building, democratic development, race relations and civil rights.

  19. Introduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-01-01

    This section of the report describes the history of the tribology program of the Office of Transportation Materials (OTM) in the Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT). The mission of the Office of Transportation Technology is discussed. OTT`s research objectives focus on (1) automobiles and light-duty trucks and vans and (2) heavy duty trucks and buses. Even small gains in efficiency can produce large paybacks for the tax dollar. The mission of the Office of Transportation Materials is also described. Its research objective is to enable the development and engineering of energy-efficient transportation systems that will make possible the transition of the U.S. transportation sector from dependence on petroleum to alternative fuels and electricity. The mission of the Tibology Program is to provide the base technology to enable savings in annual U.S. energy consumption through tribological advances in the transportation sector. Current task areas are in the fields of advanced lubrication, engineered tribological interfaces, advanced tribomaterials and components, and project management.

  20. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beim, Anne

    2014-01-01

    building practice, the point of departure being an ecological approach to the creation of architecture. Ecology is here defined in its widest sense, which besides ecological systems found in nature includes environmental dimensions, the life cycle of resources, social organisation, and the longevity...... of the contextual qualities of design....

  1. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah Hauptmann

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Over the past fifteen years most advanced education programmes within Schools of Architecture have been questioning the parameters and requirements of doctoral research both in terms of content and form. This double issue of Footprint was motivated by the question of where the field stands today. Footprint 10|11 presents nine contributions from both recently defended and developing PhD candidates from a variety of institutions. The diversity of their work, as well as the similarities found in the submissions, offers a partial view into research topics currently addressed in PhD programmes within Schools of Architecture. In addition to the nine papers by PhD researchers, we have included a paper by Andrew Leach that we believe provides an overview of the general state of contemporary architecture research. Leach makes an appeal to refrain from making all research operational. At a time when the application of research and its economic value seem to form the primary criteria for judging value, this appeal should not be taken lightly.

  2. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    in ways not offered by these other thinkers. Bourdieu helps us rediscover the everyday practices. symbolic structures and arenas of conflict that bring many other actors into perspective. rather than just focusing on nation slates that produce (what we call) international politics. All engagement with his...... work redirects our discipline from being in influenced by overly abstract and simplified reifications of world politics. which is currently the case in both positivist and post-positivist IR schools. Bourdieu allows us to explore how people create international relations in their daily activities...

  3. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Cojocaru

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available It is more than 10 years since we have published our first special issue devoted to the Computer Algebra. For us it was a starting point for the development of Computer Algebra in Moldova. Looking back we can say that this was a period during which we have found our own place in this very important part of modern Computer Science. It was, of course, impossible without the help of our colleagues from other countries, without the financial support from INTAS and Swedish Academy of Science. In fact the most part of articles, published in this issue was supported by INTAS project Nr 05-104-7553 and we are very grateful for this important help.

  4. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helge Hvid

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this issue, four articles are published. Corin and Björk present a study of the psychosocial work environment among managers in public schools and in public elder care in Sweden. The study provides new insight into the working conditions of managers in the public sector, and at the same time, the study contributes to the development of research methods in the field. The study is based on Demerouti and Bakkers’ Job Demand-Resource model, which summarizes several well-known models for the studying of psychosocial work environment, primarily the Demand Control model of Karasek and Theorell and the Efford Reward model of Siegrist. The Job Demand-Resource model is most often used in survey studies, where employees assess their working conditions in a questionnaire. Corin and Björk, meanwhile, use the model as a basis for a qualitative study, which forms an external assessment of job demands and job resources. They use the ARIA method, based on the German ‘activity theory’. The study suggests that there is a strong imbalance between demands and resources in managers' work and the study illustrates how surveys and qualitative studies could be combined in a fruitful way (...

  5. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    FIÉVÉ, Nicolas; Ged, Françoise; Gelézeau, Valérie; Guichard-Anguis, Sylvie; Sanjuan, Thierry

    2016-01-01

    Cet ouvrage est le fruit d’un travail commun entre architectes et géographes. Il part d’une connaissance vécue et multiple des grandes villes asiatiques, dans leurs aspects aussi bien historique et urbanistique qu’économique et social. Parallèlement aux analyses fonctionnelles, aux études de strict aménagement urbain ou à celles portant sur les centralités spatiales, notre équipe a voulu ici approcher autrement la réalité urbaine en Asie orientale. Champ de recherche encore insuffisamment exp...

  6. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnack, Dalton D.

    Magnetohydrodynamics: MHD. Magneto—having to do with electromagnetic fields; hydro—having to do with fluids; and dynamics—dealing with forces and the laws of motion. Magnetohydrodynamics, or MHD, is the mathematical model for the low-frequency interaction between electrically conducting fluids and electromagnetic fields.

  7. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Mulhallen, Jacqueline

    2013-01-01

    There has never been a full-length, in-depth study of Shelley’s dramatic work as a whole, nor one which places it fully in the context of the theatre of the late Georgian, or Romantic, period, 1780-1830. It has long been considered that Shelley rarely attended the theatre, disliked it when he did and was therefore unable to write successfully for the stage. This, however, is not a description of Shelley’s views and abilities and is based on assumptions about both Shelley and the Georgian thea...

  8. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dum, Ralph

    Various types of diverse networks — communication networks, transport networks, global business networks, networks of friends, or the Internet — shape our daily life and the way we think and act. We depend on various social, economic, and technological networks that weave a tissue of businesses, governments, technologies and that contain us as citizens, users, or customers. We only become aware of our dependence if failures occur in these networks: when cities are plunged into darkness because of a breakdown of the power grid like happened recently in New York, when national economies collapse because of a failure of global financial systems like happened in the South-Asian banking crisis, or when computer viruses spread with mind-boggling speed over information networks destroying or, even worse, exposing sensitive data.

  9. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narlikar, J. V.; Sathyaprakash, B. S.

    2014-03-01

    The ICGC Meetings: 1987-2011 When India became an independent nation in 1947, the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru on the scene, as the Prime Minister was a fortunate circumstance. For, Nehru was a visionary, who believed that the future of the new nation should be guided by science and technology (S & T), and so with like-minded scientists like, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, Homi Bhabha, Meghnad Saha, and Daulatsingh Kothari in leading positions, Nehru set about creating an extensive infrastructure for S & T. The initiatives taken in and around 1947 began to yield dividends in a couple of decades, and by the late 60s and early 70s, major S & T organizations and associated trained human resources were making significant contributions to the country's development, both material and intellectual. Amongst these may be included, the creation of various scientific societies devoted to specific subjects. These came in response to the urge of scientists to meet as a group for discussions in their fields of research. So, it was in 1969, a number of research workers in the field of general relativity and gravitation (GRG), who had gathered for a workshop in Ahmedabad, resolved to form a society for GRG. The initiative was taken by P C Vaidya, who pointed out the advantages of forming such a recognized group, mentioning that the international community of workers in GRG had already formed such a society. The Indian Association for General Relativity and Gravitation (IAGRG), thus, came up in 1969 with the veteran relativist V V Narlikar, as its first President. Some three years later, the astronomical community responding to a similar urge, formed the Astronomical Society of India (ASI), under the presidency of Vainu Bappu, the Founder Director of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore. Since the days of discovery of quasars in 1963, there has been an alliance between gravitation theorists and astrophysicists, resulting in the Texas Symposia, which are held once every two years. The International Society of GRG, referred above, also has a world congress (numbered GR-n) once in four years. The ASI and IAGRG have, naturally, many members in common, and over the years, these organizations have grown. Their national meets take place approximately once in two years. It is customary to invite overseas scientists to these meets, if they happen to be visiting India. In the early 80s, the scientific community in India felt more ambitious, and debated the possibility of hosting a truly international meet in India. Thus, in 1985 the astronomers successfully hosted the General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union. The GRG members, likewise, were pressing for hosting a meeting in the GR-n series. Since the human resources and institutional base of relativists were not as wide and strong as of the astronomers, they were advised to proceed in stages. ''First successfully hold a miniature version of GR-n, and once your credibility and capability are established, bid for the big one.'' This was the advice of some international veterans. That is how the ICGC-series of conferences came about. The first ICGC As the name (International Conference on Gravitation and Cosmology) implies, the conference sought to combine the interests of the Texas Symposia as well as of GR-n. The meetings were planned to be once in four years starting in mid-December 1987. (This was the blank year for the Texas Symposium.) To launch them in an impressive manner, the opening meeting was planned to be in the famous tourist resort state of Goa. As IAGRG lacked the infrastructure to organize such a conference, the main organizational responsibility had to be taken up by one of the research institutes; and the biggest amongst these was the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai. The TIFR, therefore, was approached, and agreed. As the 'most interested person" from TIFR, I was put in charge of the enterprise. Of course, I had the backing of my senior colleague Kumar (S.M.) Chitre and the younger one, Ajit Kembhavi, and the organizational infrastructure of TIFR. In particular, the then administrator dealing with scientific meetings, Parelkar enthusiastically joined me to set up the local boundary conditions in Goa. To get our priorities right, we first picked upon Hotel Mandovi in Panjim (Capital of Goa) as the nodal hotel for catering, accommodation, and arrangements of the academic sessions. We were expecting around 100 participants with 50% from abroad. Kamat, the Manager of Hotel Mandovi, promised all help including beds in nearby hotels to make up any shortfall. Regarding the quality of food, for which Hotel Mandovi was justly famous, its in-charge, Satish Prabhu took care of all our worries. Delegates may still recall the various Goan delicacies featured on the conference menus. Parelkar negotiated the basic deal with the hotels to extract the maximum benefits for the conference. But we were still rather vulnerable in lack of the local conditions. An unexpected helping hand came to make up for our lack of local knowledge. The amateur astronomer organization, called ''Friends of Astronomy in Goa'', led by their venerable President, Percival Noronha offered to run errands for us and play the role of local volunteer. Noronha had been associated with the state government of Goa, since the days when it was a Portuguese colony. His 'inside knowledge' came in useful, especially when he advised us to request the Chief Minister, Pratapsingh Rane to entertain the conference participants in the state catamaran. Somewhat hesitatingly, I wrote a request letter, and to my delightful surprise, the CM agreed. Indeed, the boat-ride followed by the CM's riverside banquet was the entertainment high point of the conference. The food, Goan drinks, and musical entertainment were well appreciated by the participants, and an uninitiated person might be forgiven for thinking that ICGC stood for ''International Conference on Goan Conviviality''. However, it was the academic menu of ICGC-1987 that took precedence over anything else. The Scientific Organizing Committee, consisting of Vishveshwara (Vishu, if your tongue is not up to pronouncing the full name) as the Chairman, and Ashtekar, Barrow, Bertotti, Brill, Carr, Hartle, Hu, Iyer, MacCallum, Narlikar, Novikov, Penrose, and Sciama reflected a nice international mix as well as a mix of active branches of Gravitation and Cosmology. Later meetings The original intention of meeting every four years in some part of India was honoured by the community, and accordingly, the ICGC met in Ahmedabad (1991), Pune (1995), Kharagpur (2000), Cochin (2004), and Pune (2007) before reconvening in Goa in 2011. These meetings were more modestly planned, and instead of trying to cover many fields, each meeting was limited to some specialized topics. Thus, the Kharagpur meeting had highlighted gravitational waves, while the Pune (1995) meeting had emphasized the Raychaudhuri equation and the singularity theorems. These conferences did help to put India firmly on the map of GR and Cosmology, to the extent that the GR-15 was held successfully in Pune with Naresh Dadhich from IUCAA playing the main coordinator's role. It has been a pleasure to see young blood being attracted to these areas of research. Two major developments are on the horizon at the time of writing this piece. The LIGO is planning to set up an extra detector of gravitational waves in India with local help, both in hardware and software. Likewise, steps are being taken for India to join the TMT mega-telescope project as an international partner. These heartening developments help us to bear the loss of old doyens like, V V Narlikar, P C Vaidya, and A K Raychaudhuri. Though 'small is beautiful' is a truism, the decision was taken to return to Goa with a wider and richer academic menu to recall and celebrate the first ICGC. This is how we all find ourselves in Goa and its pleasant surroundings. As they say: ''Your problem is simplified if you choose the right boundary conditions!'' J V Narlikar Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA) Post Bag 4, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007, India E-mail: jvn@iucaa.ernet.in

  10. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samantha Guy

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The articles in the feature section of this FMR hint at the breadth of reproductive health research and programming being carried out in conflict and post-conflict settings around the world.

  11. Introduction.

    OpenAIRE

    Dousa, Thomas; Ibekwe-Sanjuan, Fidelia

    2013-01-01

    International audience; This book addresses some of the key questions that scientists have been asking themselves for centuries: what is knowledge? What is information? How do we know that we know something? How do we construct meaning from the perceptions of things? And how do we communicate this meaning to others--that is to say, inform them? Although no consensus exists on a common definition of the concepts of information and communication, few can reject the hypothesis that information -...

  12. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2006-01-01

    "Running across the informative chapters on the diverse experience of several important countries with ICT is a unifying theory of what it takes for succesful economic development in today's globalized economy. While drawing on the high-tech products offered by advanced industrial nations...

  13. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    « Ce qui nous aspire dans le sillage tortueux du criminel sans cesse menacé, derrière le fiacre de Fantômas ou l’ascenseur d’Arsène Lupin qui crève le toit et débouche en plein sublime, ce n’est plus seulement le goût paisible, souriant du merveilleux, c’est l’appel, comme d’un poumon vers l’air, à l’épanouissement du possible forcé dans ses tanières par la vie moderne comme le criminel l’est par la police, c’est l’attirance du zigzag de foudre qui trace à travers le monde une des seules lign...

  14. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hahonou, Eric Komlavi; Lecocq, Baz

    2015-01-01

    -abolition, and post-emancipation share the hyphen in common. The hyphen in this context connects the past to the present, the work of the historian to the work of the anthropologist, the slave to the master. But the hyphen also indicates a temporal disruption or discontinuity. We must bridge the historical...

  15. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siobhan O'Donnell

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available We are pleased to bring you the second of two special issues on mood and anxiety disorders focussing on data from the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada-Mood and Anxiety Disorder Component (SLCDC-MA. In December of 2016, we published the first issue, which included three articles describing various aspects of Canadian adults with a self-reported diagnosed mood and/or anxiety disorder including their sociodemographic characteristics, health status, activity limitations and level of disability and factors associated with well-being. The three articles in this (second issue investigate topics related to the management of these disorders. Collectively, the articles explore key sociodemographic factors known to influence health-related outcomes and discuss strategies aimed at promoting the recovery and well-being of Canadian adults with a self-reported mood and/or anxiety disorder diagnosis.

  16. Introduction.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boerma, W.; Kringos, D.

    2015-01-01

    Primary care in Europe is facing high expectations. It is expected that primary care can help health systems become more responsive to changing health needs; offer more integrated care delivery; and increase the efficiency of the system overall. Decision-makers are searching for models to redesign

  17. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    We map out the objectives of the HANDS project, with its key focus on developing a suite of mobile apps (the HANDS toolkit) that could help young people with autism spectrum disorders to develop social and daily life skills. They outline the design of the HANDS system, including its innovative us...... of persuasive technology design, and its Client/Server architecture. An overview of each of the subsequent chapters is also included....

  18. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drenthen, M.; Keulartz, J.

    2014-01-01

    Environmental aesthetics crosses several commonly recognized divides: between analytic and continental philosophy, Eastern and Western traditions, universalizing and historicizing approaches, and theoretical and practical concerns. This volume sets out to show how these,perspectives can be brought i

  19. : introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Le colloque 2006 de la revue Politiques et management public s'est tenu à l'Institut d'études politiques de Lille les 16 et 17 mars dernier. Malgré le contexte un peu difficile dû au mouvement anti-CPE, ces deux journées ont constitué, de l'avis général, une excellente occasion de faire le point sur un sujet particulièrement débattu parmi ceux, observateurs ou praticiens, qui s'intéressent à la modernisation de l'administration. Lors de la préparation du colloque, il était en effet clairement...

  20. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Nous entendons de plus en plus fréquemment parler de « relation de service » au sein du secteur public. Ce terme, issu de la sociologie interactionniste, est aujourd’hui utilisé dans de nombreux domaines et renvoie à de multiples réalités. Ainsi, comme le souligne Anni Borzeix, le terme « relation de service » désigne à la fois un domaine récent de recherche, un concept, une expérience quotidienne, une orientation en matière d’action publique et un ensemble d’initiatives managériales. D’une m...

  1. Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ShenZhihua

    2005-01-01

    Since the last decade of the last century, research in the history of the Cold War has entered a new stage thanks to the declassification of relevant documents in Russia and Eastern European countries as well as a succession of publications of material from Chinese historical archives. In this research, investigation of Sino-Soviet relations is one of the most striking subjects.

  2. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Nous entendons de plus en plus fréquemment parler de « relation de service » au sein du secteur public. Ce terme, issu de la sociologie interactionniste, est aujourd’hui utilisé dans de nombreux domaines et renvoie à de multiples réalités. Ainsi, comme le souligne Anni Borzeix, le terme « relation de service » désigne à la fois un domaine récent de recherche, un concept, une expérience quotidienne, une orientation en matière d’action publique et un ensemble d’initiatives managériales. D’une m...

  3. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Forster, Jacques

    2013-01-01

    Vers la fin de la deuxième guerre mondiale, les Alliés mirent en place des institutions telles que l’ONU, le GATT, le FMI et la Banque mondiale pour tenter de prévenir le retour de grandes crises économiques et des nationalismes belliqueux. La réduction des disparités économiques et sociales entre le Sud et le Nord faisait également partie de ce programme. Sur le plan économique, la stratégie fut d’opter pour un ordre économique mondial libéral, accompagné de mécanismes de transfert de ressou...

  4. Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Z. Lin; G.Y.Fu; J. Q. Dong

    2007-01-01

    @@ After half a century of intense pursuit, magnetic fusion has made tremendous progress toward the goal as an attractive energy solution for the world's increasingly critical energy problem. The key obstacle for reaching the ignition has been the lack of fundamental understanding, and thus the limited ability to control the complex, nonlinear, and dynamical system characteristic of high temperature plasma in fusion toka-mak experiments.

  5. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajai R. Singh

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available As private investment in biomedical research has increased over the last few decades, both industry capital (venture or otherwise and academia have been quick on the uptake. Huge inflows from the former, and technology transfer offices set up by the latter, have resulted in major academia-industry tie-ups. This is not an isolated phenomenon, for such tie-ups have sprung up in many other fields too. At most places they have been welcomed as the next best thing to technology itself.There are many benefits of this connect. Much of the intellectual talent from academic institutions is getting absorbed in lucrative positions in industry. This is important, as the academic job scenario remains less than optimal. Industry is contributing massive research funds along with huge amounts as taxes, both of which ease pressure on the exchequer. Academia now has clear-cut employment options before it. Students and faculty can look forward to rewarding careers in industry. A general climate of optimism prevails all around. Applied research finds willing collaborators in venture capital funded industry, so a symbiotic growth is ensured for both. [Abstract not available.

  6. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per Anker; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    2012-01-01

    In this book about research on Facilities Management (FM) leading researchers from the Nordic countries present their ideas and findings: • Past: The historical development and current trends in FM research in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland. • Present: Ongoing FM research within the following...... six themes: Working Environments, Sustainability, Innovation and Usability, Partnerships, Knowledge Implementation, and Added Value. • Future: Identification of future trends, challenges and research agendas for Nordic FM. The book is a result of a Nordic FM Conference arranged by the Centre...... for Facilities Management – Realdania Research (CFM) on 22-23 August 2011 at the Technical University of Denmark. The title of the conference was: “Research for Practice – Vision of Futures”. The conference was arranged in collaboration with NordicFM and DFM – the Danish Facilities Management Association...

  7. Introduction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hence, this paper examines among other things, the legacies of these earfy ... Village life and gender roles in the small chiefdom of Nsei (Bamessing) in the Ndop Plain' ... anthropology enthusiasts, notably, members of the Kaberry Research .... tight academic schedule at Oxford have still not prevented her from making.

  8. Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bresler, Liora

    1998-01-01

    Introduces articles from a symposium concerning art education policies in Australia, New Zealand, and Singapore. Explains that each of the authors present an overview of ideologies and trends for the respective countries over the past 40 years and examine how these trends affect the missions, agendas, and practices of arts educators. (CMK)

  9. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Camilletti

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

     

    Though first explored by Ernst Jentsch in his 1906 essay "On the Psychology of the Uncanny", it is through Freud’s acclaimed study of 1919 that the notion of the uncanny has entered into contemporary critical debate. From the 1960s onwards, the uncanny has become an increasingly protean and floating concept reflecting the various tensions within postmodern conceptions of temporality and subjectivity. Structurally close to other theories of "defamiliarisation" articulated in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (for example the Marxist notions of "alienation" and "commodity fetishism", the Russian formalists’ definition of ostranenie, Heidegger’s Unheimlichkeit, Brecht’s "A-effect", the uncanny has reverberated widely in twentieth-century debate, from psychoanalysis (Lacan to deconstruction (Derrida, Royle, from literary theory (Todorov, Cixous, Kristeva to the philosophy of history (Certeau, and ultimately to the theory of architecture (Vidler.

  10. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taussig, Karen-Sue; Gibbon, Sahra Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    We introduce this special issue of Medial Anthropology Quarterly on public health genomics by exploring both the unique contribution of ethnographic sensibility that medical anthropologists bring to the study of genomics and some of the key insights offered by the essays in this collection. As anthropologists, we are concerned with the power dynamics and larger cultural commitments embedded in practices associated with public health. We seek to understand, first, the broad significance of genomics as a cultural object and, second, the social action set into motion as researchers seek to translate genomic knowledge and technology into public health benefits. PMID:24214906

  11. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    that it is important to be sensitive to the variety of concepts and theories of learning in the field, and to continue to cultivate that variety, the book takes a step towards actively and critically engaging the various approaches in the field of learning theory. At the same time it emphasizes the complex......Since the turn of the century the phenomenon of learning has received increasingly more attention. Within the theoretical field, a variety of theories of learning have evolved. The field of research on learning has become very complex, with different foci, founders and proponents, schools...

  12. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Goedefroit, Sophie; Revéret, Jean-Pierre

    2007-01-01

    Depuis le sommet de Rio, en 1992, à la question du développement économique et social s’est adjointe celle des enjeux liés à l’environnement naturel, à savoir la diminution de la couche d’ozone, le réchauffement climatique, la perte de diversité biologique, la désertification… Ce ne sont là que quelques éléments d’une longue liste de préoccupations qui interpellent un nombre croissant d’acteurs du développement, de chercheurs mais aussi de personnes qui perçoivent, dans leur quotidien et par ...

  13. Introduction

    KAUST Repository

    Chikalov, Igor

    2011-01-01

    Decision trees appeared in 50-60s of the last century in theoretical computer science [14, 64, 80] and applications [24, 37]. Similar objects are also considered by natural and social sciences, for example, taxonomy keys [30] or questionnaires [63]. Decision trees naturally represent identification and testing algorithms that specify the next test to perform based on the results of the previous tests. A number of particular formulations were generalized by Garey [27] as identification problem that is a problem of distinguishing objects described by a common set of attributes. More general formulation is provided by decision table framework [34, 65] where objects can have incomplete set of attributes and non-unique class labels. In that case, acquiring class label is enough to solve the problem: identifying a particular object is not required. In this context, decision trees found many applications in test theory [39, 45, 46, 81], fault diagnosis [14, 60, 72], rough set theory [61, 62], discrete optimization, non-procedural programming languages [34], analysis of algorithm complexity [38], computer vision [74], computational geometry [69]. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011.

  14. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rémy Tremblay

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Les travaux sur le rôle de la qualité de vie urbaine en rapport avec la compétitivité économique des villes sont relativement peu nombreux (Donald, 2001[5] ; Andrews, 2001[6] ; Rogerson, 1999[7] ; Gottlieb, 1995[8] ; Wish, 1986[9] ; Malecki, 1985[10] ; R. Tremblay, 2006[11]. Ailleurs, le type et le nombre d’indicateurs choisis pour définir le concept de qualité de vie urbaine varient considérablement comme le montre Martha O’Mara (1998[12] dans son analyse des principaux ouvrages de référen...

  15. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitby, Corinne; Skovhus, Torben Lund

    Microorganisms are ubiquitous in the environment and are fundamental to the biogeochemical cycling of nutrients in marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. In the deep biosphere, microbial mediated transformations are responsible for shaping our natural resources over geological time. However, for many years our knowledge and understanding of microrogansisms in sub-surface environments, like oil reservoirs has been based primarily on culture-based approaches such as plate counts or most probable numbers (MPN).

  16. [Introduction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerard, Adrienne; van den Bogaard, Alberts

    2008-01-01

    Along with the international trends in history of computing, Dutch contributions over the past twenty years moved away from a focus on machinery to the broader scope of use of computers, appropriation of computing technologies in various traditions, labour relations and professionalisation issues, and, lately, software. It is only natural that an emerging field like computer science sets out to write its genealogy and canonise the important steps in its intellectual endeavour. It is fair to say that a historiography diverging from such "home" interest, started in 1987 with the work of Eda Kranakis--then active in The Netherlands--commissioned by the national bureau for technology assessment, and Gerard Alberts, turning a commemorative volume of the Mathematical Center into a history of the same institute. History of computing in The Netherlands made a major leap in the spring of 1994 when Dirk de Wit, Jan van den Ende and Ellen van Oost defended their dissertations, on the roads towards adoption of computing technology in banking, in science and engineering, and on the gender aspect in computing. Here, history of computing had already moved from machines to the use of computers. The three authors joined Gerard Alberts and Onno de Wit in preparing a volume on the rise of IT in The Netherlands, the sequel of which in now in preparation in a team lead by Adrienne van den Bogaard. Dutch research reflected the international attention for professionalisation issues (Ensmenger, Haigh) very early on in the dissertation by Ruud van Dael, Something to do with computers (2001) revealing how occupations dealing with computers typically escape the pattern of closure by professionalisation as expected by the, thus outdated, sociology of professions. History of computing not only takes use and users into consideration, but finally, as one may say, confronts the technological side of putting the machine to use, software, head on. The groundbreaking works of the 2000 Paderborn meeting and by Martin Campbell-Kelly resonate in work done in The Netherlands and recently in a major research project sponsored by the European Science Foundation: Software for Europe. The four contributions to this issue offer a true cross-section of ongoing history of computing in The Netherlands. Gerard Alberts and Huub de Beer return to the earliest computers at the Mathematical Center. As they do so under the perspective of using the machines, the result is, let us say, remarkable. Adrienne van den Bogaard compares the styles of software as practiced by Van der Poel and Dijkstra: so much had these two pioneers in common, so different the consequences they took. Frank Veraart treats us with an excerpt from his recent dissertation on the domestication of the micro computer technology: appropriation of computing technology is shown by the role of intermediate actors. Onno de Wit, finally, gives an account of the development, prior to internet, of a national data communication network among large scale users and its remarkable persistence under competition with new network technologies.

  17. Introduction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Choice-Academy

    . The results indicate that ... environmental factor promoting rapid spoilage of fish. Maddison et al. (1993) suggested refrigeration as means of preventing the fast .... species were avoided in the choice of the fuel .... Fish processing: Food Cycle.

  18. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Didi-Huberman, Georges

    2013-01-01

    Nous avons choisi, pour titre de ce colloque, L’Histoire de l’art depuis Walter Benjamin. Cela signifie sans doute que nous avons voulu nous interroger sur nos propres façons de pratiquer l’histoire de l’art depuis le temps où Benjamin, dans ses travaux sur l’art baroque ou le surréalisme, sur le théâtre épique ou sur la photographie, proposa certaines voies, cruciales, de recherche et de réflexion. Cela signifie surtout que nous nous interrogeons sur ce que sont l’histoire, l’art, l’histoire...

  19. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grossi, Giuseppe; Hansen, Morten Balle; Johanson, Jan-Erik

    2016-01-01

    The five articles in this symposium examine the issues of comparative performance management and accountability in the age of austerity from different vantage points. Brusca and Montesinos carry out an international comparison of 17 countries studying key issues in the implementation of performance......, Houlberg, and Bækgaard study the link between fiscal austerity and politicians’ use of performance information by using survey and documentary data from Danish municipalities. Grossi, Reichard, and Ruggiero examine the interest of politicians and public managers in the use of performance information...... for decisionmaking and monitoring the budget cycle provided in the newly established performance budgets of municipalities in Germany and Italy. Poocharoen examines performance management in different types of interagency collaborations, presenting six case studies of management projects in the field of natural...

  20. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Creissels, Denis

    2016-01-01

    Les données présentées et analysées ici illustrent la variété de Soninké parlée dans le Kingi (Kíngí), terroir soninké traditionnel du nord-ouest du Mali dont le principal centre urbain est Nioro (Ñóoró). En l’absence de toute donnée publiée sur ce parler, les données ont été obtenues grâce à la collaboration d’Ismael Diawara. Sur la base des données que j’ai à ma disposition, une hypothèse raisonnable est que le système décrit ici est au moins pour l’essentiel représentatif des variétés ...

  1. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Couderc

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Les articles qui suivent sont le fruit du colloque « Réécritures et livrets d’opéra dans le monde anglophone » tenu en novembre 2006 à l’Université de Caen et organisé par l’équipe de recherche « Littératures et Sociétés Anglophones » (LSA. Il s’inscrivait dans le cadre des axes de recherche développés par cette équipe qui s’intéresse aux enjeux non seulement esthétiques mais aussi sociaux de l’opéra, à la sociologie de la musique et aux pratiques culturelles impliquant la musique. Il faisai...

  2. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard M. Burton

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Special Issue on Big Data and Organization Design addresses the challenge of big data for the design of organizations. Big data refers to the availability to organizations of massive amounts of heterogeneous and continuously updated information. Practitioners agree that the availability of such information creates challenges and opportunities for organizations that have never been seen before. The articles presented here take up this challenge and discuss avenues for future research and practice on organization design in the era of big data.

  3. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria João Freitas

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The papers selected for this volume deal with several topics of both L1 and L2 acquisition of Portuguese. The research reported on each of the papers relies on empirically robust sets of data and covers different aspects of the acquisition of the European and the Brazilian varieties of Portuguese. The authors use different theoretical frameworks and formal tools to evaluate evidence from the perception and the production modules. Their main goal is however the same: they all seek to a better understanding of the path of language development as means to access the architecture behind grammatical processing.

  4. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    for dictionary research and dictionary making. Research in lexicography has now reached a crossroads and it is time to take stock of the present situation and try to identify the theories and principles that will set the agenda and point the direction for future lexicographic research and the production...

  5. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Piqueras-Fiszman, Betina; Spence, Charles

    2016-01-01

    This chapter summarizes a number of different ways in which to look at our multisensory perception of foods and its impact on behavior, liking, and even emotion. From the first moments we encounter a food during our childhood we develop associations and even preferences, with particular sensory c

  6. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Constant, Chloé

    2014-01-01

    Démarche Je n’ai jamais connu, dans mon entourage proche ou lointain, de personne ayant été incarcérée, fait qui pourrait justifier, a priori, ma curiosité envers l’univers carcéral. Entre 2004 et 2006, j’effectuai deux séjours prolongés dans la ville de Lima, capitale du Pérou, résidant chaque fois dans le quartier populaire de Chorrillos, situé au sud de la baie liménienne. C’est précisément ce district qui abrite le Centre de Rééducation, Atelier et École pour femmes, communément connu sou...

  7. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    and through empirical analyses of diverse objects of valuations, such as university ranking lists, ice skating scoring, wind power, insurances, gold and big data. The theoretical inspiration is interdisciplinary and the volume brings together scholars from economic sociology, accounting, organization studies......, and science and technology studies with the aim of understanding through which practices and processes things are made valuable. Valuing is understood as a plural activity where pricing things is just one way of signifying value. Socio-economic reality is constituted through different orders of worth...

  8. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silviu Miloiu

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available I hope that the novelty of interpretation and the new findings behind the articles included in the first issue of RRSBN will attract scholarly and public interest and give birth to fresh academic debates on the exchange of cultural values between the Romanian space and Baltic and Nordic Europe in the past and – as this new magazine shows – in the present. The new networks created between Romanian and Baltic and Nordic scholars can open new avenues of cooperation and contribute to the progress of our scholarly and public agendas and the magazine is ready to become a mirror of those developments.

  9. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Kravanja

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Démarrant sur l'idée répandue selon laquelle "Chris Marker, c'est un peu le plus célèbre des cinéastes
    inconnus", je me suis posé la question de savoir qui, de sa popularité ou de sa discrétion, l'emporterait... Or,
    force m'a été de constater avec joie, ces dernières années, lors de chaque parution d'un ouvrage universitaire
    ou de chaque exposition photographique ou multimédia, que l'oeuvre signé Chris Marker, à la fois multiple et
    unifié, devient de plus en plus connu, voire reconnu, par un public toujours plus large. En outre, de
    nombreux chercheurs ont répondu à l'appel de la présente revue pour ce numéro spécial qui lui est dédié, à
    tel point qu'il paraîtra en deux parties. J'ai donc le plaisir de présenter aux lecteurs, dans un premier temps,
    les contributions (par ordre alphabétique de David Foster, de Thibaut Garcia, de Nicolas Geneix, de Barbara
    Laborde, de Suzanne Liandrat-Guigues et de Luc Vancheri.

  10. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Douw, L.

    2015-01-01

    This special issue contains a selection of articles, produced from papers presented at a workshop under the title Border Societies, Chinese descendants in East Asia under Japanese colonialism, 1895-1945, convened in Macao on 25 June 2013. Its purpose is to contribute to the writing of a global

  11. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Kates

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Organization design is a field that is concerned with both theory and practice. The theme of the Organizational Design Community’s 2013 annual conference – Making Organization Design Knowledge Actionable – was chosen, however, to recognize that theory and practice do not always come together successfully. The researcher-practitioner “gap” is still a problem in our field, and organization design will not be able to realize its full potential until this gap is closed. ODC viewed its 2013 conference as an opportunity to bring together a group of individuals who are interested in making organization design knowledge actionable and to engage in a focused dialogue. The results of the annual conference are the articles published in this Special Issue.

  12. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk; Rasiah, Rajah

    2010-01-01

    would be adopted widely for courses in Asian studies and political economy.’ – Hal Hill, The Australian National University ‘The different parts of the Southeast Asian puzzle fit better together as a consequence of reading this valuable book, which brings history back in to show how regions learn from...... each other and establish an identity.’ – Alice Amsden, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US This well-researched book examines the dramatic transformation of Southeast Asian countries from agricultural and mining economies to industrial nations. In doing so, it explores the effects of development...... policy on a number of interdisciplinary issues, and the emergence of new social and political pressures created by industrialization. These include their heightened vulnerability to complex economic crises, their use of sophisticated instruments in the labour process and increased awareness...

  13. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoann Boget

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available « Le conflit est la mouche du coche de la pensée.Il stimule l’observation et la mémoire. »John DeweyLa fin de la guerre froide a marqué l’émergence de nouveaux types de conflictualités : terrorisme (attentats du 11 septembre 2001, guerres « préventives » (en Afghanistan ou en Irak, etc. Les conflits armés prennent des formes nouvelles, interrogent la légitimité de l’action des démocraties impliquées, et obligent à un travail de redéfinition juridique au niveau mondial (Walzer, 1977 et MacMa...

  14. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Piqueras-Fiszman, Betina; Spence, Charles

    2016-01-01

    This chapter summarizes a number of different ways in which to look at our multisensory perception of foods and its impact on behavior, liking, and even emotion. From the first moments we encounter a food during our childhood we develop associations and even preferences, with particular sensory

  15. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hames, W.; McHone, J. G.; Renne, P.; Ruppel, C.

    Large igneous provinces represent catastrophic outpourings of immense quantities of basaltic lava, the origin of processes that are hidden deep within Earth's interior and obscured by the movements of tectonic plates. Scientists from many different fields are combining their efforts to understand the underlying mechanisms by which large igneous provinces' form, the distribution and timing of such provinces, and the effects and consequences of the associated volcanism. This book presents a collection of thirteen papers that delve into such fundamental questions for one of Earth's most calamitous events—the profound and extensive magmatism that accompanied the breakup of Pangea. Dramatic relics of the magmatism that accompanied breakup of Pangea are preserved on every continent of the circum-Atlantic region, in exposures of igneous intrusions that once provided magma conduits, as partially eroded and buried flood basalts that once covered large areas of the land, and in the sedimentary strata that host the volcanic remnants. Scientists collect forensic evidence in rock exposures from coastal Brittany to Brazilian rainforests, in strata buried deeply beneath Texas and on plateaus in sub-Saharan Mali in the effort to describe this province and determine its origin. Indeed, over the past several years we have learned through research that much of the magmatism in this province was very sudden, although it may have spread diachronously. The absolute age and stratigraphic juxtaposition of this province seems coincident with the transition from the Triassic to the Jurassic period. Many scientists are now studying this magmatic province in an effort to understand how its effects may relate to the global climate changes and profound mass extinction at the end of the Triassic (when perhaps 80% of Earth's terrestrial and marine faunas perished). And yet such a catastrophic distress for some may provide opportunity to others, as the Jurassic rise of dinosaurs to dominate Earth may have begun with global climate changes wrought by this large igneous province. Thus, the research on this individual magmatic province is part of a broader and contentious scientific trial to determine whether massive volcanic events, meteorite impact events, or combinations of both are responsible for the major mass extinction events that have modulated the course of life on Earth for the past 300 million years.

  16. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henrik; Andersen, Ole Winckler; White, Howard

    2012-01-01

    The focus on results in development agencies has led to increased focus on impact evaluation to demonstrate the effectiveness of development programmes. A range of methods are available for counterfactual analysis of infrastructure interventions, as illustrated by the variety of papers in this vo......The focus on results in development agencies has led to increased focus on impact evaluation to demonstrate the effectiveness of development programmes. A range of methods are available for counterfactual analysis of infrastructure interventions, as illustrated by the variety of papers...

  17. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALESSANDRO RONCAGLIA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This is the first “regular†issue of PSL Quarterly Review, after the two special issues for 2008 and 2009. As an economists’ phoenix, the Review is born out of the ashes of its forerunner, the BNL Quarterly Review, after a change in ownership, from Banca Nazionale del Lavoro to the Associazione Paolo Sylos Labini. The “new†Quarterly retains the editor and the editorial board of the “old†Quarterly, and its orientation towards scientific research and debate in the field of economic theory and policy, with specific but not exclusive attention to monetary and financial issues and with no preconceived choice of field among the different schools of thought. In essence, we have a new series of an old journal.

  18. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radu, Popa

    According to Ernst Haeckel, any detailed hypothesis whatever concerning the origin of life must, as yet, be considered worthless, because up till now we have no satisfactory information concerning the extremely peculiar conditions which prevailed on the surface of the earth at the time when the first organisms developed" (Haeckel 1866). Erwin Schrödinger (1943) also expressed pessimism regarding the chances of understanding life. In the same vein: Life is like consciousness. If you think you can explain what it is, you got it all wrong" (Shaw 2002). Niels Bohr interpreted life as a fundamental property of matter analogous to certain quantum properties, to be taken as given, and thus allowing little if any logical scrutiny (Bohr 1933):

  19. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éric Gonzalez

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available For over a century and in modes ranging from hagiography to protest, popular music has been a prime theatre of observation and representation of the United States on record, in concert and more generally in the performing arts. Studying this field, with its senders—artists and their productions—and its receivers—gatekeepers and audiences—enables us to cast a different light on the USA as a source of inspiration, rejection and attraction for musicians on both sides of the Atlantic in order to ...

  20. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliano Milani

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This premise explains how the articles contained in the volume have been gathered, and opens some basic questions related to the study of Dante’s life in its social and political context.

  1. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coupain, N.; Homburg, E.; Bertrams, K.; Bertrams, K.; Coupain, N.; Homburg, E.

    2013-01-01

    In his authoritative history on The Chemical Industry 1900-1930, the economic historian L. F. Haber summed up the role of the Solvay company: "Solvay’s own enterprises were relatively small, but their interests and connections within Belgium as well as outside were extensive." He continued: "A

  2. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Un grand nombre de sociétés traditionnelles soumettent différentes catégories de tueurs – guerriers au retour de combat, vengeurs venant de s'acquitter d'une dette de sang, meurtriers encore couverts du sang de leurs victimes – à des rituels qui présentent quelque ressemblance avec ceux dont sont l'objet des personnes atteintes d'un mal mystérieux, envoyé par les dieux. Ces rituels ne se réduisent pas à quelques gestes furtifs et sont parfois d'une grande complexité. Ils demandent du temps, c...

  3. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    V. Alaric Sample

    2014-01-01

    Throughout Earth’s history, its climates have been changing, and biotic systems have mutated, migrated, and otherwise adapted as tectonic shifts have reconfigured the continents and polar ice caps have ebbed and flowed across the latitudes through glacial cycles. In our own era, there is growing evidence that changes in climate that in the past have taken place over...

  4. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Laat, Cees; Develder, Chris; Jukan, Admela; Mambretti, Joe

    This topic is devoted to communication issues in scalable compute and storage systems, such as parallel computers, networks of workstations, and clusters. All aspects of communication in modern systems were solicited, including advances in the design, implementation, and evaluation of interconnection networks, network interfaces, system and storage area networks, on-chip interconnects, communication protocols, routing and communication algorithms, and communication aspects of parallel and distributed algorithms. In total 15 papers were submitted to this topic of which we selected the 7 strongest papers. We grouped the papers in two sessions of 3 papers each and one paper was selected for the best paper session. We noted a number of papers dealing with changing topologies, stability and forwarding convergence in source routing based cluster interconnect network architectures. We grouped these for the first session. The authors of the paper titled: “Implementing a Change Assimilation Mechanism for Source Routing Interconnects” propose a mechanism that can obtain the new topology, and compute and distribute a new set of fabric paths to the source routed network end points to minimize the impact on the forwarding service. The article entitled “Dependability Analysis of a Fault-tolerant Network Reconfiguration Strateg” reports on a case study analyzing the effects of network size, mean time to node failure, mean time to node repair, mean time to network repair and coverage of the failure when using a 2D mesh network with a fault-tolerant mechanism (similar to the one used in the BlueGene/L system), that is able to remove rows and/or columns in the presence of failures. The last paper in this session: “RecTOR: A New and Efficient Method for Dynamic Network Reconfiguration” presents a new dynamic reconfiguration method, that ensures deadlock-freedom during the reconfiguration without causing performance degradation such as increased latency or decreased throughput. The second session groups 3 papers presenting methods, protocols and architectures that enhance capacities in the Networks. The paper titled: “NIC-assisted Cache-Efficient Receive Stack for Message Passing over Ethernet” presents the addition of multiqueue support in the Open-MX receive stack so that all incoming packets for the same process are treated on the same core. It then introduces the idea of binding the target end process near its dedicated receive queue. In general this multiqueue receive stack performs better than the original single queue stack, especially on large communication patterns where multiple processes are involved and manual binding is difficult. The authors of: “A Multipath Fault-Tolerant Routing Method for High-Speed Interconnection Networks” focus on the problem of fault tolerance for high-speed interconnection networks by designing a fault tolerant routing method. The goal was to solve a certain number of link and node failures, considering its impact, and occurrence probability. Their experiments show that their method allows applications to successfully finalize their execution in the presence of several faults, with an average performance value of 97% with respect to the fault-free scenarios. The paper: “Hardware implementation study of the Self-Clocked Fair Queuing Credit Aware (SCFQ-CA) and Deficit Round Robin Credit Aware (DRR-CA) scheduling algorithms” proposes specific implementations of the two schedulers taking into account the characteristics of current high-performance networks. A comparison is presented on the complexity of these two algorithms in terms of silicon area and computation delay. Finally we selected one paper for the special paper session: “A Case Study of Communication Optimizations on 3D Mesh Interconnects”. In this paper the authors present topology aware mapping as a technique to optimize communication on 3-dimensional mesh interconnects and hence improve performance. Results are presented for OpenAtom on up to 16,384 processors of Blue Gene/L, 8,192 processors of Blue Gene/P and 2,048 processors of Cray XT3.

  5. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jesper Eckhardt

    2012-01-01

    Introduktionen tilstræber at sætte rammerne for de vilkår uddannelseshistorien møder i den nye "vidensøkonomi" eller i "videnssamfundet." Den trækker på videnssociologiske diagnoser af vores tids videnspolitik. Dertil indeholder den en oversigt over uddannelseshistoriens nyere udvkiling og antolo...

  6. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Piqueras-Fiszman, Betina; Spence, Charles

    2016-01-01

    This chapter summarizes a number of different ways in which to look at our multisensory perception of foods and its impact on behavior, liking, and even emotion. From the first moments we encounter a food during our childhood we develop associations and even preferences, with particular sensory c

  7. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Team, Editorial

    2013-01-01

    CONTEXT / İÇİNDEKİLER     The Investigation of Relationship between Teacher Burnout and Democratic School Environment Öğretmen Tükenmişliği İle Demokratik Okul Çevresi Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi Temel KALAFAT 1 – 14   İlköğretim Öğrencilerinin Fen Bilgisi Öğrenimine Yönelik Motivasyon Düzeylerinin Cinsiyet Ve Sınıf Değişkenine Göre Değerlendirilmesi Evaluating Primary School Students’ Motivation Levels in Science Education In Terms Of Gender and Class Variables Burhan AKPINAR, Veli ...

  8. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renée Dickason

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available It is fascinating to study history of propaganda in a British setting since it was a word which was used far less in Britain than in many other countries not least during the years leading up to the Second World War. […] Whether or not contemporaries in any generation used the word—and it is a word which itself demands detailed chronological charting— historians are compelled to use it. Sometimes its role is obvious, even crude, whether words or pictures are being employed. At other times its...

  9. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Pellegrin, Nicole; BARD, Christine

    2003-01-01

    À chacune/chacun, son image de la fille en garçon, et la panoplie vestimentaire qui va avec : complet trois pièces, salopette, cuirasse, strass, smoking, perfecto, bloomer, pourpoint, monocle, lévite de bure, chevelures rases, musculatures gonflées... Qui n'a pas rêvé de Katherine Hepburn dans Sylvia Scarlett et de Greta Garbo en Christine de Suède, de Jeanne Moreau entre Jules et Jim, de Barbara Streisand jouant Yentl, de Sarah Bernhardt faisant l'Aiglon, sans parler d'héroïnes plus ...

  10. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Darsø, Lotte; Kerr, Cheryl

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion til special issue om hvordan kunstneriske processer kan bidrage til udvikling af ledelse, management, læring og uddannelse......Introduktion til special issue om hvordan kunstneriske processer kan bidrage til udvikling af ledelse, management, læring og uddannelse...

  11. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per Anker; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    2012-01-01

    In this book about research on Facilities Management (FM) leading researchers from the Nordic countries present their ideas and findings: • Past: The historical development and current trends in FM research in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland. • Present: Ongoing FM research within the following...... for Facilities Management – Realdania Research (CFM) on 22-23 August 2011 at the Technical University of Denmark. The title of the conference was: “Research for Practice – Vision of Futures”. The conference was arranged in collaboration with NordicFM and DFM – the Danish Facilities Management Association...

  12. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2004-01-01

    La linguistique moderne permet d'analyser la langue parlée dans sa spécificité discursive et situationnelle, syntaxique et lexicale, lui accordant ainsi un statut égal à celui de l'écrit. Le choix de présenter sept approches différentes à un même corpus de base donne lieu d'un côté à une analyse ...

  13. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friend, Milton; Franson, J. Christian; Friend, Milton; Gibbs, Samantha E.J.; Wild, Margaret A.

    2015-01-01

    This is the third iteration of the National Wildlife Health Center's (NWHC) field guide developed primarily to assist field managers and biologists address diseases they encounter. By itself, the first iteration, “Field Guide of Wildlife Diseases: General Field Procedures and Diseases of Migratory Birds,” was simply another addition to an increasing array of North American field guides and other publications focusing on disease in free-ranging wildlife populations. Collectively, those publications were reflecting the ongoing transition in the convergence of wildlife management and wildlife disease as foundational components within the structure of wildlife conservation as a social enterprise serving the stewardship of our wildlife resources. For context, it is useful to consider those publications relative to a timeline of milestones involving the evolution of wildlife conservation in North America.

  14. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Anders Ib; Wiegand, Frauke Katharina; Kristensen, Tore

    2013-01-01

    Transvisuality—The Cultural Dimension of Visuality brings together leading scholars from all over the globe to examine what the visual means today. From art to new media, from branding to urban design, visual culture is a fundamental aspect our contemporary life, and the contributors here use...... the past decade of visual studies as a springboard to offer new perspectives on visual theory, analysis, and design, while showing how the visual becomes transvisual by adapting and creating culture in the global world. Drawing from phenomenology, semiotics, art history, frame theory, and a variety...

  15. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Beigbeder, Yves

    2015-01-01

    L'Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) est une des seize institutions spécialisées liées à l'Organisation des Nations Unies par un accord officiel. Elle est une des quatre "grandes" institutions spécialisées, avec l'Organisation internationale du travail (OIT), l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) et l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture (UNESCO). Comme pour les autres organisations du "système des Nations Unies",...

  16. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Mikowski

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The History of the Book is a rapidly developing area of study, which brings together several branches of the humanities, such as history, cultural history, sociology, literary theory and bibliology. Thanks to the study of the modes of production and of distribution of books, and that of the evolution of readership and of modes of reading, the History of the Book introduces a brand new approach to the interpretation of texts. Several national « Histories of the Book » are in the process of bei...

  17. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sriramesh, K.; van Ruler, B.; Zerfass, A.; Zerfass, A.; van Ruler, B.; Sriramesh, K.

    2008-01-01

    One could make a reasonable argument that public relations is an ancient practice (going back millennia) although it has been popularly perceived as a 20th century phenomenon. Scholarship in public relations, however, is more recent in origin with a history of less than four decades. During these

  18. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Arnauld, Marie-Charlotte

    2016-01-01

    Quel sujet d’étude plus actuel, en ces temps de globalisation, et plus disciplinaire de l’archéologie que celui de l’adoption et de l’adaptation ? Il fut un temps où le travail de l’archéologue consistait à construire, dans le vide d’un passé disparu, des « cultures » grosso modo situées dans la charte temporelle et la carte géographique, entre lesquelles le jeu consistait à détecter des influences et des diffusions par le biais des circulations de la culture matérielle. Que l’on ait pu ensui...

  19. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Aron

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En guise de préambule, nous voudrions cerner rapidement l’objet dont il sera question et proposer quelques pistes de réflexion.Brève histoire problématique de la biographieLa biographie est un genre ancien, même si le mot n’apparaît en France qu’à la fin du xviie siècle. Ce genre est consacré à retracer des vies authentiques, dans des récits dont le sujet et l’auteur ne se confondent pas. On peut appeler « biographique » l’ensemble des genres donnant des « récits de vie » (biographie mais aus...

  20. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scheerens, Jaap; Hendriks, Maria; Luyten, Hans; Luyten, Hans; Hendriks, Maria; Scheerens, Jaap

    2014-01-01

    Size of school organizations is a recurrent theme in Dutch education policy and has shown fluctuations in the past 20 years. From the mid-1980s until the mid-1990s the government policy has been strongly focused on stimulated scaling-up in all sectors of education, see e.g., the report “Scale and qu

  1. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Kohl

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The current edition of the American Studies Journal has its roots in the Third U.S. Embassy Teacher Academy which took place in the fall of 2005 in Bad Kreuznach. The conference was jointly organized by the U.S. Embassy, the American Studies Department of Mainz University and the Atlantische Akademie Rheinland Pfalz. It focused on “Arab American Literature and Culture” and thus a minority that drew a lot of attention in the U.S. and abroad after the tragic events of September 11.

  2. Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apollonov, V

    1999-01-04

    This is a time of significant efforts in the development and investigation of physical and technical problems related to laser diodes (LD) and their applications. During the last few years astonishing progress in the performance of a wide set of parameters has been achieved. The output of laser diode bar on a level of more than 100 watts was demonstrated, different schemes of efficient phase locking have been investigated, and perspective approaches in realization of various optical configurations of LD pumped solid state lasers (SSL) were introduced. At the same time the existing level of development still is far from physical limits. The capability of semiconductor advanced technologies, heat transfer modes realization, and wide spectral range SSL materials development appears to be very promising. The task of this Focus Issue of Optics Express is to show the contemporary status of the above-mentioned problems and to attract the attention of the laser community to the new opportunities with wide range of applications.

  3. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Marin, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Au milieu des années 1980, lors d’une recherche menée dans les archives épiscopales de Recife (Pernambouc), par hasard et par chance, mon attention a été attirée par un copieux dossier de presse au titre plein de mystère sur : « L’affaire du Padre Hosana ». En le parcourant, j’ai découvert, stupéfait, les circonstances dans lesquelles, le 1er juillet 1957, ce prêtre du diocèse de Garanhuns avait abattu Mgr Expedito Lopes, son évêque, de trois balles de revolver. Dois-je avouer que je vis mal ...

  4. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Wolff, Étienne

    2016-01-01

    Martial a une réputation exécrable, et cela depuis le puritain xix e siècle. « On connaît fort peu Martial chez nous, et il faut avouer que c’est bien sa faute. Comme nous n’avons guère l’habitude de cultiver les auteurs anciens après que nous sommes sortis du collège, nous ne savons les noms que de ceux dont on nous a parlé quand nous faisions nos classes. or Martial n’est pas du nombre des poètes dont on entretienne volontiers les écoliers ; ses ouvrages, si pleins d’esprit et d’agrément, c...

  5. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poprawe, Reinhart

    The motivation for writing this book is at least threefold: the extremely promising laser characteristics of high-power diode lasers; their vast application potential in production processes like welding, soldering, polymer joining, cutting, and surface treatment; and last but not least, a 5-year project called "Modular Diode Laser Tools" funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, which this book summarizes in terms of results and future outlook.

  6. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hahonou, Eric Komlavi; Lecocq, Baz

    2015-01-01

    of the Americas and the Caribbean where slavery continued to have a deep impact on a variety of societies long after its legal abolition. Could this term be relevant to discuss the legacies of slavery on the African continent? American and African forms of slavery were certainly different and the translation...... of “post-slavery” from the American into the African context cannot be done uncritically. We address both the relevance of the notion of post-slavery as well as its limitations in African contexts through a number of empirically grounded contributions based on recent research.The terms post-slavery, post......This special issue examines the impacts and legacies of the slave trade, domestic slavery, and slave emancipation on social, political, and culturally constructed inequalities in Africa from the late nineteenth to the early twenty-first century. Post-slavery usually refers to studies...

  7. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Perreau

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available La thèse centrale de l’Histoire de la sexualité est de montrer que les pratiques sexuelles ne peuvent être dissociées de leur mise en discours. Foucault soutient que la sexualité n’existe que par le truchement de tout un travail disciplinaire qui conduit tel ou tel acte à être pensé, à une époque donnée, comme sexuel ou non. Ainsi, c’est de l’étiquetage des comportements érotiques par la médecine légale et psychiatrique au XIXe siècle, qu’ont émergé les définitions contemporaines de la sexual...

  8. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Dvorak, Marta

    2013-01-01

    Longtemps connue en France par le biais de cinéastes québécois tels que Claude Jutra (Mon Oncle Antoine, Kamouraska) ou Gilles Carie (Maria Chapdelaine), l’industrie cinématographique canadienne a dû se développer dans l’ombre d’Hollywood. Bien que seulement cinq pour cent des films présentés au public canadien soient de production nationale, l’industrie cinématographique canadienne s’est forgée une réputation internationale pour ses innovations et son excellence dans les domaines qui ne conc...

  9. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Annika; Damgaard, Bodil; Krogh, Andreas Hagedorn;

    2015-01-01

    a unique contribution to developing a new, multi-disciplinary theory of public innovation. The case studies are mainly based on qualitative data; however, the authors note that quantitative studies and mixed methods could potentially advance the research field even further. Nevertheless, the case studies...... of collaborative innovation processes; 3) Leadership is important for promoting collaborative innovation; and 4) Collaborative public innovation is relevant at all levels of governance. On these grounds, the chapter concludes that a promising research field is emerging but is still in its infancy and further......Governments all over Northern Europe have placed public innovation high on the political agenda. European governance researchers are seeking to map the impact of efforts to promote public innovation with a particular focus on the role of collaborative forms of governance in achieving this...

  10. Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Brian Olshansky

    2005-01-01

    @@ It is a great honor to introduce the first arrhythmia issue of the Journal of Geriatric Cardiology. One goal of this Issue is to encourage discourse between East and West and to provide contrasts in management philosophies. The contributors representing some of the prominent in their field from the East and from the West do just this. Several contributors from the West have had prior experience in the East so they can understand cultural difference that might affect medical management approaches.

  11. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamit Bozarslan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Peut-on parler de l’Irak avec la distance critique consistant à taire sa colère de citoyen par rapport à l’horreur d’aujourd’hui et celle d’hier ? Celle d’aujourd’hui, car comment ne pas constater qu’à un embargo de plus de dix ans et à une occupation autant arrogante qu’imprudente fait désormais suite une violence multiforme détruisant la société irakienne dans ses fondements mêmes ? Et celle d’hier, car comment ne pas se souvenir que le régime renversé laissa derrière lui un pays dévasté pa...

  12. Introduction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acclaimed to have said: “I swear by Apollo physician, by Asclepius, by Health, ... Situation Analysis of Medico-Legal Issues in Asmara, Eritrea, in 2008. 1Tesfahiwet ... consent, malpractice, liability, abortion, euthanasia and harmful cultural ...

  13. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    Why yet another dead French thinker'.' We already have Althusser. Foucault and Derrida. Docs International Relations (I R) really need Pierre Bourdieu! The short answer is yes. The slightly longer answer is that Bourdieu's sociology provides us with an opportunity to rethink international politics...

  14. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    We map out the objectives of the HANDS project, with its key focus on developing a suite of mobile apps (the HANDS toolkit) that could help young people with autism spectrum disorders to develop social and daily life skills. They outline the design of the HANDS system, including its innovative use...

  15. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Binsbergen, van W.M.J.

    2003-01-01

    This volume brings together fifteen essays investigating aspects of interculturality. Published between 1969 and 2002, the essays operate at the borderline between anthropology and intercultural philosophy. Ethnographic data are derived from field research carried out in Tunisia, Zambia and

  16. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Birthe; Chemi, Tatiana

    2015-01-01

    In educational contexts, the study of emotions has often, until recently, been neglected. This lack of interest has characterised several domains of knowledge, including the educational one, which is the main topic of the present anthology. The general neglect of emotions in education is regretta...... of the learning process, and perhaps among the most influential for learning processes, are the students’ and educators’ values and emotions. It is consequently vital to acknowledge emotions in education and educational changes in order to create innovative learning....

  17. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Klinkenberg, Jean-Marie

    2012-01-01

    L’originalité de ce numéro de Textyles est qu’il ne porte ni sur un écrivain, ni sur un genre littéraire, ni sur un corpus historiquement défini, mais sur un concept — celui d’institution — et sur une méthode : l’analyse institutionnelle. Considérer la littérature comme une institution, c’est l’appréhender dans ses usages, et l’affirmer comme tributaire d’une insertion historique et sociale. Ce concept introduit dès lors une certaine forme d’ascèse dans les études littéraires, comme le notai...

  18. Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tepikin, Alexei V

    2017-01-01

    In the title of this part of the book, the tail is wagging not just in a single dog but multiple dogs; in other words, a single process SOCE (tail) somehow involves a cross talk of (wagging) large and powerful organelle and cellular compartments (dogs). So how is this possible? Is this really necessary? Is the title actually appropriate?SOCE is a rather special process, it allows efficient signaling based on a ubiquitous second messenger (Ca(2+)) in multiple cell and tissue types, it has specific signaling modality (i.e., some downstream reactions depend specifically on SOCE and not just on global Ca(2+) increase), it is vital for the normal functioning of multiple types of cells and tissues, and when misregulated it induces important pathological processes. The reader hopefully agree that such an important "tail" is more appropriate for a kangaroo than for a Chihuahua and that it has awesome wagging capacity.

  19. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sriramesh, K.; van Ruler, B.; Zerfass, A.; Zerfass, A.; van Ruler, B.; Sriramesh, K.

    2008-01-01

    One could make a reasonable argument that public relations is an ancient practice (going back millennia) although it has been popularly perceived as a 20th century phenomenon. Scholarship in public relations, however, is more recent in origin with a history of less than four decades. During these fo

  20. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bart Beaty

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available When we want to be unkind to the tradition of comics studies we compare it to the work accomplished in other disciplines. Academic areas with higher levels of cultural credibility, longer institutional histories, and superior resources continue to dwarf comics studies in almost every imaginable way. Even in a comparison with cinema, an art form that is its rough contemporary, comics pales badly. Indeed, one could argue that comics studies in 2009 exists in a state comparable to film studies i...

  1. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nouwen, Rick; van Rooij, Robert; Sauerland, Uli; Schmitz, Hans-Christian

    One could define vagueness as the existence of borderline cases and characterise the philosophical debate on vagueness as being about the nature of these. The prevalent theories of vagueness can be divided into three categories, paralleling three logical interpretations of borderline cases: (i) a borderline case is a case of a truth-value gap; it is neither true nor false; (ii) a borderline case is a case of a truth-value glut; it is both true and false; and (iii) a borderline case is a case where the truth-value is non-classical. The third of these is proposed in the fuzzy logic approach to vagueness. Three-valued approaches have only 1/2 as a value in addition to the standard values 1 and 0. These approaches can be interpreted either as allowing for gaps or gluts, depending on how the notion of satisfaction or truth is defined. If a sentence is taken to be true only if its value is 1, it allows for gaps, but if it is taken to be true already if its value is at least 1/2 it allows for gluts. The most popular theories advertising gluts and gaps, however, are supervaluationism and subvaluationism, both of which make use of the notion of precisifications, that is, ways of making things precise. Truth-value gaps in supervaluationism are due to the way truth simpliciter, or supertruth, is defined: A proposition is supertrue (superfalse) if it is true (false) at all precisifications. This means that a proposition can be neither true nor false in case there exist two precisifications, one of which make it true and one of which makes it false. Conversely, in subvaluation theory, the same scenario would lead to a truth-value glut. That is, the proposition would be both true and false. This is because subvaluationism defines truth simpliciter as being true at some precisifcation.

  2. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerdrum Pedersen, Esben Rahbek; Gardetti, Miguel Angel

    2015-01-01

    and Pigneur, 2010). Historically, the literature that bridges business model and sustainability thinking has been relatively scarce (Stubbs and Cocklin, 2008; Schaltegger et al. 2011). However, recently a number of publications and special issues have explored the intersections between sustainability......This special issue has chosen to zoom in on new business models as one component in promoting a more sustainable fashion industry. The business model concept has recently come to the fore as a new, popular metaphor for explaining how companies create, deliver and capture value (Osterwalder...... and business model thinking (see e.g. Bocken et al., 2014; Michelini and Fiorentino, 2012; Yunus et al., 2010). This special issue makes a contribution to this literature by exploring how sustainability can be a driver for exploring new business models within a single industrial setting....

  3. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wotring, Virginia E.; Southern, Sarka O.; Mentzer, Mark A.; Rodriquez-Chavez, Isaac

    2014-01-01

    The 2014 SPIE Sensing Technologies for Global Health, Military Medicine and Environmental Monitoring conference embraced a wealth of state-of-the-art information in basic and applied science. This event covered the latest developments in the following areas: Non-invasive Disease Diagnostics for Global Health- This opening series of two consecutive sessions focused on oral biospecimen based rapid assays and point-of-care devices for the detection of pathogens causing infectious diseases, biomarkers for cancer, and analytes for noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes. They also covered presentations on the human proteasome and microbiome with linkage to human diseases and diagnostic approaches. The sessions were built on the past experience and expertise of the National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Military Medicine I: Traumatic Brain Injury and PTSD-This assembly covered oral-biomarker based diagnostics for brain damage and TBI as well as prevention and rehabilitation technologies. Neurorehabilitation and noninvasive neuromodulation were also discussed as critical approaches for effective functioning. Military Medicine II: Physiology and Medicine of Extreme Environments and Spaceflight-This scientific segment showcased physiological, pharmacological and diagnostic sensing methodologies during spaceflight per the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as well as military-relevant toxicans and future sensing trends per the Department of Defense. It also included latest technologies to determine hydration status in warfighters, eye surgery using the latest laser technologies, and sensing tools for blood analysis. ? Sensing Technologies for Disease Diagnostics and Environmental Monitoring-This closing series of two consecutive sessions provided the venues to learn and discuss more results on the next generation of diagnostic tools and field technologies for diseases, including biomarker detection by digital imaging, multiplex technologies, capillary electrophoresis and molecular platforms serving as labs-on-chips. This conference allowed cross-fertilization of ideas, projects and collaborative work by a multidisciplinary audience of national and international colleagues from the academia, industry and federal government: The National Institutes of Health, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Department of Defense.

  4. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Le réseau Economie et Développement Urbain Durable est une structure informelle rassemblant six laboratoires de recherche et CDC Climat Recherche. Il s’est fixé quatre orientations. La première est de contribuer à créer une synergie nationale de recherche dans le champ Economie et Développement Urbain Durable. Cette synergie porte sur le contenu de la recherche dans ce champ et sa cohérence, en particulier avec une meilleure articulation entre modèles systémiques et questions issue du dévelop...

  5. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Azuelos

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available À l’heure de l’avènement de la société de la connaissance, le thème de l’innovation apparaît comme central dans la réflexion sur la croissance et le développement des économies. De ce point de vue, les deux principales économies du monde anglo-saxon présentent un bilan contrasté. Si, depuis leur constitution, les États-Unis se sont attachés à stimuler l’innovation, au point de développer un système dont la performance en a fait, au XXe siècle, un modèle, l’économie britannique, berceau de la ...

  6. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    William Hanks, Carmen Bernand, Carlo Severi © musée du quai Branly - Jacques Chirac, photo Anna Laban Mme Carmen BERNANDNous démarrons cette troisième séance du colloque de Nathan WACHTEL. En effet, il a longtemps été question la veille de La vision des vaincus puis de l’œuvre de Nathan WACHTEL à partir de L’histoire régressive et de son enquête parmi les Chipayas. Les thématiques de ce jour sont plus variées avec des communications sur la mémoire sous différents angles.   Par ailleurs, voi...

  7. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Ouerfelli

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available L’initiative de consacrer un volume de la REMMM au monde rural de l’Occident musulman médiéval relève d’une double constatation : une carence manifeste des études sur ce thème et un renouveau des approches vouées à le sortir de l’ombre. L’idée est donc à la fois de faire un état des lieux de nos connaissances sur cette question et d’envisager les nouvelles perspectives de recherches qui se profilent à l’horizon. En proposant des réflexions de méthode et une confrontation de différents types d...

  8. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Mayeur-Jaouen

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available « Le corps et le sacré en Orient musulman » : dans l’imaginaire européen du xixe siècle, le sujet aurait suscité quelques images convenues, odalisques de harem ou de bain turc, quelques marabouts sales et hirsutes, des Bédouins faméliques au regard de braise, des derviches tourneurs dansant inlassablement devant les premiers touristes occidentaux…C’est le temps où l’islam, fondé par un prophète alors décrit comme fanatique et sensuel, passait pour une religion capable de susciter l’ascétisme ...

  9. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lardinois, A.P.M.H.; Levie, S.A.; Hoeken, H.; Lüthy, C.H.

    2015-01-01

    The papers collected in this volume study the function and meaning of narrative texts from a variety of perspectives. The word 'text' is used here in the broadest sense of the term: it denotes literary books, but also oral tales, speeches, newspaper articles and comics. One of the purposes of this

  10. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lardinois, A.P.M.H.; Levie, S.A.; Hoeken, H.; Lüthy, C.H.

    2014-01-01

    The papers collected in this volume study the function and meaning of narrative texts from a variety of perspectives. The word 'text' is used here in the broadest sense of the term: it denotes literary books, but also oral tales, speeches, newspaper articles and comics. One of the purposes of this

  11. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Schütte, Uwe

    2011-01-01

    Despite being widely acknowledged as one of the most important German dramatists since Bertolt Brecht, Heiner Muller (1929-95) still remains relatively unknown in the English-speaking world. This collection of plays aims to change that, presenting new translations and opening up his work to a larger audience. Collected here are three of his plays - "Philoctetes", "The Horatian", and "Mauser" - that together constitute what Muller called an "experimental series," which both develops and critiq...

  12. Introduction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Food Engineering Program, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Technology,. Addis Ababa ... P.O.Box 33381 , e-mail: shimelisemire@yahoc.com. ...... s,tructure in the hard-to-cook phenomenon in beans (Phaseolus vu/guns L.'.

  13. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vigh, Henrik Erdman; Bjarnesen, Jesper

    2016-01-01

    Wars unsettle our commonsense understandings of movement and mobility. Simultaneously entropic and inertial, they conjure up images of rampant disorder and chaos as well as strained and crippled formations locked in negative tension. On the one hand, detrimental movement; on the other, deadly...... stalemate. Both mobility and immobility are, as such, associated with the iconography of warfare and conflicts. They may be presented as out of time through pictures of empty streets, ruins, trenches, and dead bodies frozen in contorted positions, yet, conversely, some of the most archetypical images of war...

  14. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2015-01-01

    This volume of Artifact explores the design concept. It is concerned with the differences and similarities that exist in the various interpretations of design. The effort is not to try to define the concept or to state what is right or wrong in the confusing jungle of interpretations; rather...

  15. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    This chapter introduces our critical investigation into what celebrity humanitarianism in North–South relations suggests for contemporary configurations of politics, place and power. The chapter explains why it is important to study celebrity humanitarianism and outlines the knowledge base......) the literature on celebrities and representation of “Others” (media and communications studies, cultural studies and anthropology); and 3) the emerging literature on new actors and alliances in North–South relations (international relations and global studies). We examine politics to understand how values...

  16. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manners, Ian James

    2017-01-01

    The European Union’s Member States have embarked on a unique project in seeking to create a collective foreign, security and defence policy. Through building institutions and seeking common arrangements for implementation, the EU has sought to develop a greater international profile over recent d...

  17. Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Allen E.

    1985-01-01

    Political science departments were surveyed to determine the extent of course offerings on any aspect of the Vietnam War or its legacy. Survey results are discussed. Provided is a chart indicating the name of the university, course title, professor(s) teaching course, level and enrollment, and when offered. (RM)

  18. Introduction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Choice-Academy

    Dealers using Trucks; Block Industries; Local fishermen and hunter - in the ... depth researches on the impact of human activities on the biodiversity of basins. ... Direct observation technique, In-depth Interviews. (IdI) and Focus Group Discussions (FGD) .... reclinata, sugar-cane, hybrid trees – Christmas .... climate change.

  19. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojan Čop

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Au moment où nous terminons la rédaction de ce volume, dédié à l'un des grands romanistes yougoslaves, l'État yougoslave n'existe plus. Cette désagrégation qui aurait pu se faire de façon pacifique, consensuelle, dans l'esprit du respect des droits d'autrui, a déchaîné des passions que l'on croyait mortes. La Slovénie d'abord, puis Ia Croatie ont été victime d'une brutale agression de la part de l'armée yougoslave, dite populaire, qui menace d'écraser la jeune démocratie dans ces deux républiques, démocratie qui a été acquise par référendum et qui à mis fin a la longue période d'uniformité de la pensée.

  20. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prasad, Ramjee; Mihovska, Albena D.

    2009-01-01

    Wireless Ad hoc Networks / Wireless Mesh Networks / Pervasive Communications and Systems / Preview of the Book......Wireless Ad hoc Networks / Wireless Mesh Networks / Pervasive Communications and Systems / Preview of the Book...

  1. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Fournier, Laura

    2010-01-01

    La foule est un sujet d’étude nouveau dans l’histoire européenne : c’est notamment après la Révolution française qu’elle fait ses premières apparitions dans les discours politiques. Son apparition est liée à l’idée de menace des insurrections de rue, et c’est un phénomène avant tout urbain. L’image de la foule renvoie au mouvement, aux sentiments, à l’expérience collective, mais aussi à la sensation d’étouffement et d’anéantissement dans le nouvel espace de la ville. Ce phénomène collectif or...

  2. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathleen Newland

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Certain events divide moments in time into ‘before’ and‘after’. Hiroshima ushered in the age of the nuclearthreat; the fall of the Berlin Wall marked the end ofthe Cold War.

  3. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Goede, Marieke; Leander, Anna; Sullivan, Gavin

    2016-01-01

    This articles introduces the special issue on ‘The Politics of the List.’ We observe that lists proliferate as a technique of governance across multiple domains, including health, security, and commerce. We argue that it is important to take seriously the form and technique of the list itself...

  4. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diniz, Pedro C.; Juurlink, Ben; Darte, Alain; Karl, Wolfgang

    This topic deals with architecture design and compilation for high performance systems. The areas of interest range from microprocessors to large-scale parallel machines; from general-purpose platforms to specialized hardware (e.g., graphic coprocessors, low-power embedded systems); and from hardware design to compiler technology. On the compilation side, topics of interest include programmer productivity issues, concurrent and/or sequential language aspects, program analysis, transformation, automatic discovery and/or management of parallelism at all levels, and the interaction between the compiler and the rest of the system. On the architecture side, the scope spans system architectures, processor micro-architecture, memory hierarchy, and multi-threading, and the impact of emerging trends.

  5. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Carmes, Maryse; Noyer, Jean-Max

    2014-01-01

    Cet ouvrage se propose d’enrichir les regards portés sur les transformations qui se déploient à la suite de la numérisation, de la montée hégémonique des réseaux et des interfaces, des protocoles, des nouvelles écritures ainsi que de l’algorithmie généralisée qui les accompagne. Il tente de mettre en relief les problèmes attachés aux nouvelles territorialisations et pratiques se construisant à partir et au sein du numérique. Quel que soit le secteur étudié ici (recherche, journalisme, marketi...

  6. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Gustavo

    2005-01-01

    This volume is a documentation of experiences of academics from five institutions of higher education in Denmark (namely Roskilde University, Copenhagen Business School, Technical University of Denmark, Ålborg University and The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts) linked under the so-called Danish...... University Consortium for Environment and Development (DUCED). It concerns their involvement in research and joint courses in the following countries: Thailand, Malaysia, South Africa and Botswana. Such experiences have engaged collaborations and partnerships across cultures. - North-South and have presented...... and educators. In that vein, the material contained in this volume focuses on a number of issues emerging from such encounter and questions, lessons and reflections thereof....

  7. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuidam, Nicolaas Jan; Nedović, Viktor A.

    Consumers prefer food products that are tasty, healthy and convenient. Encapsulation, a process to entrap active agents into particles, is an important way to meet these demands by delivering food ingredients at the right time and place. For example, this technology may allow taste and aroma differentiation, mask bad tasting or bad smelling components, stabilize food ingredients and/or increase their bioavailability. Encapsulation may also be used to immobilize cells or enzymes in the production of food materials or products, as in fermentation or metabolite production.

  8. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    This special issue of Applied Surface Science is a compilation of papers inspired by the symposium on 'Surface/Interfaces Characterization and Renewable Energy' held at the 2013 MRS Fall Meeting. Practical uses of renewable energy are one of the greatest technical challenges today. The symposium explored a number of surface and interface-related questions relevant to this overarching theme. Topics from fuel cells to photovoltaics, from water splitting to fundamental and practical issues in charge generation and storage were discussed. The work presented included the use of novel experimental spectroscopic and microscopic analytical techniques, theoretical and computational understanding of interfacial phenomena, characterization of intricate behavior of charged species, as well as molecules and molecular fragments at surfaces and interfaces. It emphasized fundamental understanding of underlying processes, as well as practical devices design and applications of surface and interfacial phenomena related to renewable energy. These subjects are complicated by the transport of photons, electrons, ions, heat, and almost any other form of energy. Given the current concerns of climate change, energy independence and national security, this work is important and of interest to the field of Applied Surface Science. The sixteen papers published in this special issue have all been refereed.

  9. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1947-01-01

    Flora Malesiana Bulletin No. 1 was issued in 150 copies, 112 of which were distributed to cooperating institutes, libraries, botanists and besides, to interested persons. A cardboard holder will be forwarded to libraries through the care of Dr Fr. Verdoorn, Waltham, Mass., U.S.A. In this number two

  10. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Törmä, Päivi Sengstock, Klaus

    2015-09-01

    Quantum gases provide an exciting arena for studying many-body quantum physics. Model systems that approximate more complex materials in solid state and condensed matter can be realized and probed with high precision. Due to the various degrees of freedom present in ultracold gases, fully novel systems with no previously studied counterparts can also be realized...

  11. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Kohl

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Issue 54 of the American Studies Journal explores a topic particularly interesting for teachers and students of American Studies: What is it like to grow up in urban spaces in the U.S.? Teaching “the city” is a common topic in the EFL classroom, and “youth culture” another. But both are difficult to tackle. There is always the danger of misrepresenting a topic so vast, creating stereotypes rather than questioning them and establishing a limited view on the subject.

  12. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jürgen Siess

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Peut-on considérer l’épistolaire comme un laboratoire où des valeurs sont mises à l’épreuve, que ce soit en reprenant des valeurs existantes ou pour en proposer de nouvelles ? Dans quelle mesure la lettre, où l’interrelation est constitutive, est-elle un lieu où elles ‘se négocient’ et se débattent ? Ce questionnement se fonde sur les travaux en analyse du discours qui ont été d’ores et déjà consacrés aux lettres réelles et fictionnelles, privées et publiques. Greimas et Grize ont posé les pr...

  13. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renée Dickason

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The content of this inaugural number of La Revue LISA/LISA e-journal falls into two parts. The first, larger, section, entitled IMAGES OF DERISION, IMAGES OF EXALTATION, The British Isles from the 18th to the 20th Century, National Issues, International Perspectives, originated in the colloquium organised by Renée Dickason and Gilbert Millat at the University of Lille III in October 2002. This selection of articles is followed by essays, under the heading of VARIA, which have New York as a co...

  14. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Primož Vitez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette édition spéciale de Linguistica s'adresse à Vladimir Pogačnik, linguiste, professeur, traducteur et homme de théâtre qui fête cette année son soixante-dixième anniversaire.

  15. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Caillet

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Nous sommes un petit groupe, à peine une dizaine, convaincus comme bien des ethnologues que le savoir s’élabore en relation avec un autre. Cet autre peut être un informateur, qui n’est pas un simple relais entre un fait qui serait réel et un ethnologue interprète, mais également un constructeur de théories, éventuellement un censeur d’élucubrations conceptuelles. Cet autre peut être un collègue français. Mais il est plus souvent japonais, car, spécialistes du Japon ou ayant affaire à des repr...

  16. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca; Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2014-01-01

    Benevolence, homogeneity and peace has never been the full story of the Nordic region. Building on a critical review of myths of ‘Norden’ in international relations theory and beyond (international political economy, security studies, regional and European integration theory and postcolonialism...... the developments towards increased independence and European integration, the article demonstrates the importance of imperial legacies. Firstly, it challenges Norden as a model security community. Secondly, it questions the image of a harmonious Nordic welfare model based on equality and consensus in light...

  17. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Meizoz

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Il suffit de lire la liste des entrées de deux dictionnaires parus la même année 2002, pour constater que les approches de sociologie historique de la littérature et l’analyse du discours de tradition française partagent un certain nombre de questions et de notions communes.Dans le Dictionnaire du littéraire les articles « Discours », « Pragmatique littéraire », « Contexte », « Enoncé et énonciation » abordent plusieurs notions de l’analyse du discours. Dans le Dictionnaire d’analyse du disco...

  18. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    ; to shifting dynamics of communicative flows across societies and their impact; and to the processes whereby the emergent becomes the familiar. Obviously such analyses are not bound to the disciplinary confines of media studies and the term, “everyday life”, enjoys a rich, if vague and complicated, 20th...... media diet of audiences as something clearly distinguishable from other mediated forms of communication is problematic. Similarly, as the temporal and spatial architectures of media use are increasingly unshackled from the distributional constraints of unidirectional, programmatic mass media, audiences......, but its everywhereness as well. This special issue on the places and spaces of news audiences presents an initial attempt to do this; to see how the everyday digital geographies of contemporary media, communication, and information flows intersect with the everywhere “lived” geographies of individuals...

  19. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Post, Hans Christian; Munteán, László

    2016-01-01

    . In this they stand in contrast to Holocaust memorial sites in foremost Europe, Israel and the US, where curatorial, representational and aesthetic experiments based on an ethos of not depicting the horror and not delivering simple explanations have for decades predominated; an ethos formulated out of respect...... for victims and survivors and/or due to a consciousness that the Holocaust represents an event, which in its causes and effects can be neither fully grasped and represented nor isolated in time and space. In Cambodia the rationale on the contrary seems to be to show as much of the horror as possible...

  20. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Azoulay

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Né en 428 av. J.‑C., dans le dème d’Erchia en Attique, Xénophon eut un itinéraire marqué par de multiples transgressions. Transgression des frontières entre l’Orient et le monde grec, tout d’abord : membre de l’élite athénienne, ce disciple de Socrate commence sa carrière en Asie, dans la troupe d’un prince barbare, prétendant au trône perse. Il traverse donc les frontières de l’engagement entre Grecs et barbares. Transgression des barrières entre Athènes et Sparte, ensuite : Xénophon entreti...