WorldWideScience

Sample records for 01-1 introduction cic

  1. Designing and Programming CICS Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Horswill, John

    2011-01-01

    CICS is an application server that delivers industrial-strength, online transaction management for critical enterprise applications. Proven in the market for over 30 years with many of the world's leading businesses, CICS enables today's customers to modernize and extend their applications to take advantage of the opportunities provided by e-business while maximizing the benefits of their existing investments. Designing and Programming CICS Applications will benefit a diverse audience. It introduces new users of IBM's mainframe (OS/390) to CICS features. It shows experienced users how t

  2. Implementation of CIC filter for DUC/DDC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V Elamaran

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a Cascaded integrated comb (CIC filter, an optimized class of linear filters such as FIR is implemented for digital up conversion (DUC and digital down conversion (DDC for efficienttransmission and reception in multirate system. CIC filters are often used for the purpose of reducing sampling rate (decimation and increasing sampling rate (interpolation . Our work is to show theefficiency of CIC filters over FIR filters in fixed point applications. Single stage CIC filter and multistage CIC filters are realized. Here multirate filter design models are developed using Xilinx system generator. Also multirate filters are further improved by cascading various CIC filter stages.

  3. Implementation of CIC filter for DUC/DDC

    OpenAIRE

    V.Elamaran; R Vaishnavi

    2013-01-01

    In this paper a Cascaded integrated comb (CIC) filter, an optimized class of linear filters such as FIR is implemented for digital up conversion (DUC) and digital down conversion (DDC) for efficienttransmission and reception in multirate system. CIC filters are often used for the purpose of reducing sampling rate (decimation) and increasing sampling rate (interpolation) . Our work is to show theefficiency of CIC filters over FIR filters in fixed point applications. Single stage CIC filter and...

  4. The CIC-3 chloride channels in cardiovascular disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dayue Darrel DUAN

    2011-01-01

    CIC-3 is a member of the CIC voltage-gated chloride(Cl-) channel superfamily. Recent studies have demonstrated the abundant expression and pleiotropy of CIC-3 in cardiac atrial and ventricular myocytes, vascular smooth muscle cells, and endothelial cells.CIC-3 Cl- channels can be activated by increase in cell volume, direct stretch of β1-integrin through focal adhesion kinase and many active molecules or growth factors including angiotensin Ⅱ and endothelin-1-mediated signaling pathways, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase Ⅱ and reactive oxygen species. CIC-3 may function as a key component of the volume-regulated Cl- channels, a superoxide anion transport and/or NADPH oxidase interaction partner, and a regulator of many other transporters. CIC-3 has been implicated in the regulation of electrical activity, cell volume, proliferation, differentiation, migration, apoptosis and intracellular pH. This review will highlight the major findings and recent advances in the study of CIC-3 Cl- channels in the cardiovascular system and discuss their important roles in cardiac and vascular remodeling during hypertension, myocardial hypertrophy, ischemia/reperfusion, and heart failure.

  5. Information architecture project presentation to CIC leaders, March 10 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lane, T.A. [ed.

    1995-09-01

    On March 10, 1995, members of the Laboratory`s Information Architecture (IA) project presented an overview of progress-to-date to Group and Program Leaders and Deputies in the Computing, Information, and Communications (CIC) division. The presentation included progress reports from each of the seven IA teams: desktop, applications, data warehouse, data, infrastructure, financial analysis, metrics, and review. The fundamental purpose was to familiarize the CIC leaders with the IA project and to open a dialog on how CIC and the IA could better work with each other. On April 5, 1995, the IA project held an open forum in the Physics Auditorium that reused many of the viewgraphs from the presentation to CIC leaders.

  6. Antecedentes del patrimonio estable (c. 1291 del CIC de 1983)

    OpenAIRE

    Zalbidea, D. (Diego)

    2007-01-01

    El patrimonio estable, al menos desde el punto de vista formal, es una novedad introducida en el CIC de 1983. Sus antecedentes están relacionados con el régimen de protección del patrimonio eclesiástico frente a determinadas enajenaciones. El autor ha estudiado fundamentalmente el periodo que va desde la Constitución Apostólica 'Ambitiosae' de 1468 hasta el CIC de 1917, centrando su trabajo en la primera codificación. Los documentos del 'Archivo Secreto Vaticano' han arrojado mucha luz sobre ...

  7. Catalyst for Change: The CIC/CLA Consortium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paris, David C.

    2011-01-01

    From the fall of 2008 through the spring of 2011, 47 colleges and universities, organized and supported by the Council of Independent Colleges (CIC), administered the Collegiate Learning Assessment (CLA) to their students. The CLA is a test of critical thinking, analytic reasoning, problem solving, and written communication developed by the…

  8. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kørnøv, Lone; Lund, Henrik; Remmen, Arne

    2004-01-01

    The chapter gives an introduction to the book "Environmental planning and management : tools for a sustainable development".......The chapter gives an introduction to the book "Environmental planning and management : tools for a sustainable development"....

  9. 46 CFR 92.01-1 - Application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application. 92.01-1 Section 92.01-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CARGO AND MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS CONSTRUCTION AND ARRANGEMENT Hull Structure § 92.01-1 Application. (a) The provisions of this subpart, with the exception...

  10. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Rasmus Thybo; Moran, Dermot

    2012-01-01

    An introduction to a special issue of Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences dedicated to empathy and the direct perception approach to other minds......An introduction to a special issue of Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences dedicated to empathy and the direct perception approach to other minds...

  11. IMPLEMENTATION AND COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT CIC FILTER STRUCTURE FOR DECIMATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Madheswaran

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper briefs an implementation of different CIC filter architectures for decimation. The different decimation filter structures are implemented using cascaded integrator-comb filter to work for the down sampling ratio of 8. The prototype is designed with MATLAB Simulink model and it is converted to VHDL code using Xilinx system generator. Prototype is implemented in Virtex V- XC5VLX110T-3ff1136 FPGA kit and simulation results and device utilization reports are generated and tabulated. Finally different architectures are compared using number of used LUTs, Registers, Power consumption etc.

  12. HPS Electronic Ballast Based on CIC-CPPFC Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卫; 苏勤; 高国安

    2002-01-01

    Investigates the application of CIC-CPPFC techniques to high-pressure sodium(HPS) lamp electronic ballast. In order to ensure a unity power factor, different power electronic ballasts are studied by PSpice simulation. A dynamic model of HPS lamp with simple and accurate features is proposed for further study of characteristics. Experimental results verify the feasibility of HPS lamp operating at high frequency. It is shown that the presented electronic ballast has 0.99 power factor and 9% total harmonic distortion(THD).

  13. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Helle; Leitch, Claire

    2015-01-01

    One of the most challenging tasks in the research design process is choosing the most appropriate data collection and analysis techniques. This Handbook provides a detailed introduction to five qualitative data collection and analysis techniques pertinent to exploring entreprneurial phenomena....

  14. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henkel, Anna; Åkerstrøm Andersen, Niels

    2015-01-01

    An introduction is presented in which the authors discuss various reports within the issue on topics including the concept of responsibility, the discourse about responsibility, and the attribution of responsibility in an interdisciplinary context.......An introduction is presented in which the authors discuss various reports within the issue on topics including the concept of responsibility, the discourse about responsibility, and the attribution of responsibility in an interdisciplinary context....

  15. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seeberg, Peter

    2015-01-01

    The Introduction briefly presents the ideas behind this collection of articles, namely to analyze popular mobilization and the role of civil society, political parties, and regional organizations in relation to the developments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) over the last years, and to...... states, the Introduction emphasizes the continued relevance of focusing on a repoliticized MENA reality. The Middle East is still on the move away from the established image of unshakeable authoritarianism attributed to the region, which made the upgrading authoritarianism paradigm seem forever relevant...

  16. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The introduction to the annual report 2006 of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK-CEN highlights the reorganisation of SCK-CEN that became effective in 2006. An overview is given of the principal activities of Institute for Nuclear Materials Science, the Institute for Advanced Nuclear Systems, the Institute for Environment, Health and Safety and the Institute for Communication, Services and Administration

  17. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerdrum Pedersen, Esben Rahbek; Thusgaard Pedersen, Janni

    2013-01-01

    An introduction is presented in which the editors discuss various reports within the issue on topics including the shared value concept in the education and business, the role of corporate foundations in establishing cross-sector partnerships, and the mechanisms of governance in the cross...

  18. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The introduction to this monography gives a brief survey of the history of the MHD generator, outlines the fundamental questioning of the research concerned and then deals with the combustion gas MHD generator research programme of the working society MPI for plasma physics (IPP)/Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nuernberg AG (M.A.N.). (GG/LH)

  19. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    2009-01-01

    and Culture". In the introduction, I give my definitions of reception, transformation, transgression and norm. Taking Harold Bloom and Julia Kristeva as my point of departure, I give an example of reception and transformation in the Bible, showing how the Book of Job can be read as a tranformation...

  20. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Goede, Marieke; Leander, Anna; Sullivan, Gavin

    2016-01-01

    and engage the knowledge practices, governance effects and ways of ordering the world that the list format enables. In other words, the special issue seeks to ‘remain in the register of the list,’ to unpack its technological arrangements and juridical power. This introduction sets out the key themes...

  1. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Masdonati, Jonas; Massoudi, Koorosh; Rossier, Jérôme

    2012-01-01

    L’introduction au numéro thématique de L’OSP sur la Suisse décrit quelques particularités institutionnelles, politiques et socioéconomiques de ce pays, afin de situer les différentes contributions. Elle expose également les logiques retenues pour le choix des contributions.

  2. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barwell, Richard; Clarkson, Philip; Halai, Anjum;

    2016-01-01

    This chapter provides the introduction to this ICMI Study 21 volume. It includes: a discussion of the place of this study and its topic within ICME; a discussion of what is meant by the study title; and a brief historical account of research on this topic in mathematics education. The chapter also...

  3. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Stemmer, Brigitte

    1999-01-01

    The introduction to the special issue briefly discusses the origins and development of the word "pragmatics", pragmatic theory and its application to neurolinguistics. The special issue covers a total of 11 articles investigating pragmatic and neuropragmatic issues from different theoretical, experimental and clinical perspectives.

  4. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kirsten

    2009-01-01

    The introduction begins with a definition of normativity. Thereafter follows a presentation of the 10 articles of the book. These articles represent three areas: Reception and transformation of the Bible in literature, Reception and transformation of the Bible in philosophy, Reception and transfo...... Nissen, Marie Vejrup Nielsen (General reflections and article), Iben Damgaard, Maria Louise Odgaard Møller, Marianne Schleicher (General reflections and article), Johannes Nissen....

  5. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peder Pedersen, Claus; Dehs, Jørgen

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to When Architects and Designers Write / Draw / Build / ? This anthology highlights the potentials and challenges for research in architecture and design. The included essays are based on papers given at a symposium held at the Aarhus School of Architecture in 2011 and contain a number...... of topical positions ranging from the activist and academic to practice-based and artistically-based research by international and Danish researchers. The anthology is aimed at architects and designers, as well as others with an interest in the discussion of the concept of research in the fields...

  6. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Introduction presents the description of book. The present book is devoted to rational processing of boron- and aluminosilicate ores, including danburite, argillite, kaolin clays , zeolites and bentonite by means of acid and chloric methods. Conducted researches on chloric and acid decomposition of boron- and aluminosilicate ores with chlorine, sulfuric and hydrochloric acids allowed to find the optimal conditions of decomposition of raw materials with high output. Physicochemical properties of initial boron- and aluminosilicate ores were studied by means of X-ray, differential thermal analysis, and silicate analysis methods.

  7. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurel Brake

    2013-04-01

    mso-fareast-language:JA;} When W. T. Stead died on the 'Titanic' he was the most famous Englishman on board. A mass of contradictions and a crucial figure in the history of the British press, Stead was a towering presence in the cultural life of late-Victorian and Edwardian society. In this introduction, we consider Stead as a ‘mass of contradictions’ and offer a few ways in which his prodigious output and activity might be understood.

  8. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger; Sandbeck, Lars; Solten, Therese Bering

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to the Special Issue of Literature and Theology publishing articles based on selected papers from the international conference of the International Society for Religion, Literature and Culture (ISRLC) conference held at the Theological Faculty of the University of Copenhagen 19-21 Oc......-21 October 2012 with the theme: Cultures of Transition: Presence, Absence,Memory. The conference was organised by Nils Holger Petersen, Lars Sandbeck and Therese Bering Solten who were invited as guest editors for a volume of Literature and Theology based on the conference....

  9. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Naudts, L.

    2010-01-01

    This chapter gives a general overview of the background and importance of bubble-releasing methane seeps and thus the relevance of this thesis. Furthermore the aim of this thesis, the geological setting of the three study areas, the used methods, the project framework as well as the outline of the thesis are briefly discussed. More detailed information about the items dealt with in the introduction is provided in the ‘introduction’, ‘study area’, ‘data and methods’ sections of the subsequent ...

  10. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høst, Jeppe Engset

    2015-01-01

    This chapter introduces the notion and theme of market-based fisheries management. The introduction of market mechanisms to distribute and manage fishing quota has internationally occurred since the 1980s but is increasingly on the political agenda. As privatization and transferability are promoted...... internationally, and by big players, it becomes even more crucial to understand its social and environmental implications. This chapter looks at the broader lines in the fisheries research and discusses the diverging views on market-based fisheries management. On one side market mechanisms are promoted...

  11. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beim, Anne

    2014-01-01

    The introduction maps the most important theories and cultural practices in tectonics of architecture. In an overall perspective, it describes the aim of the book that is to set the grounds for discussions about tectonic strategies as ways to approach the existing challenges in contemporary...... building practice, the point of departure being an ecological approach to the creation of architecture. Ecology is here defined in its widest sense, which besides ecological systems found in nature includes environmental dimensions, the life cycle of resources, social organisation, and the longevity...

  12. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk; Berg, Torsten Rødel

    2012-01-01

    The chapter includes a discussion about the play by Henrik Ibsen from 1879, A Doll's House, how it still proves to be relevant today to gender relations not only in Denmark but in Nepal as well. The introduction explains how Ibsen's play inspired two theater directors from Denmark and Nepal......, respectively to use it as point of departure for the creation of a trans-civilizational and intercultural dialogue. The intention of this chapter is to introduce the background of the collection of chapters, give broader perspectives about globalization and social change linked with debates about changing...... values and cultures in development and social policy and then enters the specific context and development trajectory in Nepal in recent years....

  13. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Harris

    1990-11-01

    Full Text Available Since its foundation as an independent Institute within the University of London fifty-three years ago, the Institute of Archaeology has contributed to research in many aspects of the developing discipline in many different parts of the world. For the first thirty years of its existence it was exclusively a postgraduate research institution, and it has continued to give high priority to postgraduate studies since the introduction of undergraduate teaching in 1968. Today, one third of the 300 students enrolled at the Institute are postgraduates, over 50 of whom are research students registered for MPhil/PhD degrees. Most of the MA and MSc students also undertake their own research projects as part of the Master's degree. Institute postgraduates are thus involved in a multitude of diverse investigations, in Britain, continental Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas, and each year they make, collectively, a very substantial contribution to archaeological knowledge.

  14. On Passband and Stopband CIC Improvements Using a Second Order IIR Filter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordana Jovanovic Dolecek

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes an efficient second order IIR filter which considerably improves the passband as well as the stopband of the Cascaded-Integrator-Comb (CIC filter. Using the polyphase decomposition of the proposed filte, all filtering can be moved to a lower rate, which is D times less than the high input rate, where D is the decimation factor. The overall phase response of the compensated CIC is approximately linear in the passband. The design parameters are the number of cascaded CIC filter N, the decimator factor D, the passband frequency wp, and a weighted parameter a.

  15. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carotenuto, Luigi

    This chapter introduces the context, objectives and structure of the book. This book aims both to contribute to disseminate the knowledge about the scientific research conducted in space and to promote new exploitation of existing data in this field. While space experiments are characterised by a long time for preparation, high costs and few opportunities, significant scientific value is expected from the resulting data for almost scientific disciplines. In this context, ISS is a unique experimental environment for research. As part of its Seventh Framework Programme, the European Commission intends to support further exploitation and valorisation of space experimental data. This book was realised as part of the ULISSE project, co-funded by the European Union. The book intends to provide an introduction to space research with a focus on the experiments performed on the ISS and related disciplines. The book also intends to be a useful guide, not only for scientists but also for teachers, students and newcomers to space research activities.

  16. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donatella Abbate Badin

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The introduction to the monographic section Italy-Ireland: Cultural Inter-Relations, gives a brief account of how this part of the journal tries to fill a gap in transcultural studies by investigating the hitherto relatively underexplored relationship of Ireland with Italy. The editors argue that the topic deserves special attention because throughout the centuries, owing to a shared religion and Ireland’s colonial and postcolonial status, a special relationship was established. Without neglecting the many contributions published on this topic over the past thirty years, the papers collected in this first issue of SIJIS offer an overall view of the relations between Italy and Ireland from the Middle Ages to the present day demonstrating this special relationship. The opening essay, drawing an ample and interdisciplinary panorama of the representations of Ireland in Italy over the centuries, and  the concluding one, introducing new issues and suggestions for further investigations, frame seven papers organized thematically in subsections.  The translation studies section highlights some specific problems presented to the translator because of the Irish nature of the translated texts. Exploration of the links between some major figures and Italy opens up new perspectives even regarding much studied figures such as Joyce while  the time-honoured comparative method of studying influences yields ground-breaking insights as in the study of links between Commedia dell’Arte and Clarke or Mahon and Pasolini. Representations of Italy and  the presence of Italian settings and characters acquire  a specific Irish edge in the writings of Synge, Lady Morgan and Edward Maturin especially when both countries were still in search  of their identities.

  17. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soil erosion and associated sedimentation are natural processes caused by water, wind and ice. Several of man's activities such as deforestation, overgrazing, changes in land use, and non-sustainable farming practices tend to accelerate soil erosion. Soil erosion and sedimentation cause not only on-site degradation of a non-renewable natural resource, but also off-site problems such as downstream sediment deposition in fields, floodplains and water streams. These problems and concern over the degradation of the landscape by erosion, and their impacts on soil fertility and crop productivity in agricultural land, water pollution, and sedimentation in lakes, reservoirs, and floodplains are well documented. Global estimates of economic damage from soil erosion and sedimentation have also been made. Recent focus on sustainability issues has resulted in increased attention on soil-degradation problems, in particular soil erosion and sedimentation. In view of increasing water scarcity and limited land resources to feed an ever-growing world population, there is an urgent need to obtain reliable quantitative data on the extent and rates of soil erosion worldwide to provide a more comprehensive assessment of the problem and to underpin the selection of effective soil-conservation technologies and sedimentation remediation strategies, including assessment of their economic and environmental impacts. This chapter describes the use of fallout 137Cs as a tracer for measuring soil erosion and sedimentation, and the potential use of other radionuclides such as 210Pb, and 7Be for these studies. It provides an overview of the 137Cs technique describing key assumptions and requirements, and advantages and limitations of the technique. Also, applications, recent developments, and future trends of the technique are covered. The chapter is completed with an introduction to the handbook and a list of selected references

  18. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the Atoms for Peace program in 1950s, peaceful applications of nuclear technology has been at the forefront of the development of many countries. In Malaysia, the development of nuclear technology began in earnest with the setting-up of Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) in 1972, then known as CRANE. More than thirty years later, today, the technology has gained footing and made impact to the development of the country. Her role in regional and international scenes in nuclear-related matters and nuclear technology was noticed and being given due attention. It is time to take stock of this development and assess its impact upon which further developments can be planned and strategized. That was the genesis of this study. This chapter presents a review of the status and development of nuclear technology globally and in Malaysia to provide a background for the report and the study. This is followed by an introduction to the study: its objectives, scope, methods of research, total population, sampling frame, selection procedures, target groups and data analysis. The chapter concludes with a guide to the organization of this report. The study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the impact and contribution of nuclear technology to socio-economic development of the country. It is also expected to identify issues and challenges faced by users of this technology. Even though the applications of nuclear technology encompass diverse human endeavors, this study focuses only in industrial, medical and agriculture sectors. The applications of nuclear technology in both public agencies and private companies in those sectors are considered. This is the first time such a study is being undertaken in Malaysia, and as a starting point, the three year period spanning 2006-2008 are taken as the time frame for discerning trends of nuclear technology development in the country. This study was also in an indirect sense motivated by similar studies conducted in the USA

  19. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klingshirn, C.

    The purpose of this introduction is - after a few general words on ZnO - to inform the reader about the history of ZnO research, the contents of this book and the intentions of the authors. Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a IIb-VI compound semiconductor. This group comprises the binary compounds of Zn, Cd and Hg with O, S, Se, Te and their ternary and quaternary alloys. The band gaps of these compounds cover the whole band gap range from E g ≈ 3. 94 eV for hexagonal ZnS down to semimetals (i.e., E g = 0 eV) for most of the mercury compounds. ZnO itself is also a wide gap semiconductor with E g ≈ 3. 436 eV at T = 0 K and (3. 37 ± 0. 01) eV at room temperature. For more details on the band structure, see Chaps. 4 and 6 or for a recent collection of data on ZnO, for example, [Rössler et al. (eds) Landolt-Börnstein, New Series, Group III, Vols. 17 B, 22, and 41B, 1999]. Like most of the compounds of groups IV, III-V, IIb-VI and Ib-VII, ZnO shows a tetrahedral coordination. In contrast to several other IIb-VI compounds, which occur both in the hexagonal wurtzite and the cubic zinc blende type structure such as ZnS, which gave the name to these two modifications, ZnO occurs almost exclusively in the wurtzite type structure. It has a relatively strong ionic binding (see Chap. 2). The exciton binding energy in ZnO is 60 meV [Thomas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 15:86, 1960], the largest among the IIb-VI compounds, but by far not the largest for all semiconductors since, for example, CuCl and CuO have exciton binding energies around 190 and 150 meV, respectively. See, for example, [Rössler et al. (eds) Landolt-Börnstein, New Series, Group III, Vols. 17B, 22, and 41B, 1999; Thomas, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 15:86, 1960; Klingshirn and Haug, Phy. Rep. 70:315, 1981; Hönerlage et al., Phys. Rep. 124:161, 1985] and references therein. More details on excitons will be given in Chap. 6. ZnO has a density of about 5. 6 g / cm3 corresponding to 4. 2 × 1022 ZnO molecules per cm3 [Hallwig and

  20. A case report of CIC-rearranged undifferentiated small round cell sarcoma in the cerebrum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Mayumi; Ishikawa, Misawo; Kitajima, Masateru; Narita, Jun; Hattori, Shinya; Endo, Otone; Goto, Keisuke

    2016-10-01

    CIC-rearranged undifferentiated small round cell sarcoma (CIC-rearranged USRCS) is a recently established type of Ewing-like small round cell sarcomas, characterized by CIC gene rearrangement, most commonly CIC-DUX4 fusion. This report presents the second case of CIC-rearranged USRCS arising primarily in the cerebrum. A 64-year-old otherwise healthy woman presented with a 1 × 1 cm sized hemorrhagic subcortical tumor in the left temporo-parietal lobe. The tumor repeatedly recurred, and the patient underwent three surgeries, chemotherapy with doxorubicin and ifosfamide, and radiotherapy, as well as gamma knife surgery. Systemic examination revealed no other extracranial masses. Imprint cytology revealed small to moderate-sized round-to-ovoid tumor cells with mild pleomorphism and variations in size and shape. The nuclei contained finely granular chromatin, and some had easily-recognizable nucleoli. The tumor exhibited a mainly cytoplasmic pattern of CD99 immunostaining, rather than a diffuse membranous pattern. The tumor also exhibited diffuse positivity for calretinin and p16, as well as partial positivity for WT1 (nuclear and cytoplasmic staining pattern) and D2-40. FISH assessment showed CIC split signals. In conclusion, CIC-rearranged USRCSs can occur primarily in the cerebrum. It would be impossible to diagnose them through cytology alone, but cytology would be useful to rule out other small round cell brain tumors including gliomas, lymphomas, carcinomas, and germinoma. Immunohistochemical analysis including tests for CD99, calretinin, and WT1 would help to suggest CIC-rearranged USRCSs and distinguish them from Ewing sarcomas. Additionally, immunohistochemistry for p16 might be useful in the diagnosis. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2016;44:828-832. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:27324529

  1. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, E. G. D.

    deduced for irreversible processes (C. Jarzynski). The survey of non-equilibrium steady states in statistical mechanics of classical and quantum systems employs heat bath models and the random matrix theory input. The quantum heat bath analysis and derivation of fluctuation-dissipation theorems is performed by means of the influence functional technique adopted to solve quantum master equations (D. Kusnezov). Chapter II deals with an issue of relaxation and its dynamical theory in both classical and quantum contexts. Pollicott-Ruelle resonance background for the exponential decay scenario is discussed for irreversible processes of diffusion in the Lorentz gas and multibaker models (P. Gaspard). The Pollicott-Ruelle theory reappears as a major inspiration in the survey of the behaviour of ensembles of chaotic systems, with a focus on model systems for which no rigorous results concerning the exponential decay of correlations in time is available (S. Fishman). The observation, that non-equilibrium transport processes in simple classical chaotic systems can be described in terms of fractal structures developing in the system phase space, links their formation and properties with the entropy production in the course of diffusion processes displaying a low dimensional deterministic (chaotic) origin (J. R. Dorfman). Chapter III offers an introduction to the theory of dynamical semigroups. Asymptotic properties of Markov operators and Markov semigroups acting in the set of probability densities (statistical ensemble notion is implicit) are analyzed. Ergodicity, mixing, strong (complete) mixing and sweeping are discussed in the familiar setting of "noise, chaos and fractals" (R. Rudnicki). The next step comprises a passage to quantum dynamical semigroups and completely positive dynamical maps, with an ultimate goal to introduce a consistent framework for the analysis of irreversible phenomena in open quantum systems, where dissipation and decoherence are crucial concepts (R

  2. CIC ENERGIGUNE,米尼亚诺,维多利亚,西班牙%CIC ENERGIGUNE, MINANO, VITORIA, SPAIN, 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李璠

    2011-01-01

    CIC ENERGIGUNE在一条功能性、通讯性路由的联系下由一系列模数建筑所构成。设计目的在于促使知识能够在一个放松的环境中与研究者之间获得充分交流和转化。

  3. Mapping the future of CIC Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    This report summarizes three scenario-based strategic planning workshops run for the CIC Division of the Los Alamos National Laboratory during November and December, 1995. Each of the two-day meetings was facilitated by Northeast Consulting Resources, Inc. (NCRI) of Boston, MA. using the Future Mapping{reg_sign} methodology.

  4. 33 CFR 3.01-1 - General description.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General description. 3.01-1... Provisions § 3.01-1 General description. (a) The Coast Guard's general organization for the performance of... the EEZ, as defined in § 2.30 of this subchapter. (h) Geographic descriptions used in this part...

  5. Air quality impacts of a CicLAvia event in Downtown Los Angeles, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shu, Shi; Batteate, Christina; Cole, Brian; Froines, John; Zhu, Yifang

    2016-01-01

    CicLAvia in Los Angeles, CA is the open streets program that closes streets to motorized vehicles and invites people to walk, run, play or ride their bicycles on these streets, allowing them to experience the city in a new way and get exercise at the same time. Since the events reduce the motorized traffic flow, which is a significant source of air pollution, on the streets, it is reasonable to hypothesize that the CicLAvia events can reduce the concentrations of traffic-emitted air pollutants during the road closure. This study is the first experiment to test this hypothesis. The on-road and community-wide ultrafine particle (UFP) and PM2.5 were measured on the Event-Sunday (October 5th, 2014) and the Pre- and Post- Sundays (September 28(th) and October 12(th), 2014). Data analysis results showed the on-road UFP and PM2.5 reduction was 21% and 49%, respectively, and the community-wide PM2.5 reduction was 12%. PMID:26493865

  6. Air quality impacts of a CicLAvia event in Downtown Los Angeles, CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shu, Shi; Batteate, Christina; Cole, Brian; Froines, John; Zhu, Yifang

    2016-01-01

    CicLAvia in Los Angeles, CA is the open streets program that closes streets to motorized vehicles and invites people to walk, run, play or ride their bicycles on these streets, allowing them to experience the city in a new way and get exercise at the same time. Since the events reduce the motorized traffic flow, which is a significant source of air pollution, on the streets, it is reasonable to hypothesize that the CicLAvia events can reduce the concentrations of traffic-emitted air pollutants during the road closure. This study is the first experiment to test this hypothesis. The on-road and community-wide ultrafine particle (UFP) and PM2.5 were measured on the Event-Sunday (October 5th, 2014) and the Pre- and Post- Sundays (September 28(th) and October 12(th), 2014). Data analysis results showed the on-road UFP and PM2.5 reduction was 21% and 49%, respectively, and the community-wide PM2.5 reduction was 12%.

  7. Conceptual design of magnets with CIC conductors for LHD-type reactors FFHR2m

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    LHD-type reactors have attractive features for fusion power plants, such as no requirement of a current drive and a wide space between the helical coils for the maintenance of in-vessel components. One disadvantage was considered the requirement of a large major radius to attain the self-ignition condition with a sufficient space for blankets. According to the recent reactor studies based on experimental results in LHD, the major radius of plasma is set at 14 to 17 m with the central toroidal field of 6 to 4 T. The stored magnetic energy is estimated at 120 to 130 GJ. Both the major radius and the magnetic energy are three times as large as those for ITER. We intend to summarize the requirements for superconducting magnets of the LHD-type reactors and propose a conceptual design of the magnets with cable-in-conduit (CIC) conductors based on the technology for ITER. (author)

  8. BIOCHEMISTRY IN THE SPECIALTY IN VISUAL FUNCTION, AND VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS IN THE CICS UMA-IPN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca Elisa Pérez-Magaña

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The higher education and postgraduate in Mexico." delivered at the National Polytechnic Institute is located in a period of constant modification and sustained that has led to the creation of new pedagogical proposals aimed at the promotion of learning emphasizing virtual education. The development of ICT (Information Technologies and Communication in the last few years has favored the emergence and consolidation of degrees, diplomas, Specialties, Master's Degrees among other, using the distance learning based on a web environment. This work analyzes the importance that had the Biochemistry course taught in the specialty of Visual Function in the CICS and UMA that allowed both to the students as the teachers try to virtually eliminate the disadvantages theoretical to traditional teaching. The results obtained in addition to the skills and competences acquired the students were highly successful, and it is hoped to be able to continue implementing such environments in other specialties and master's degrees.

  9. 高性能CIC抽取滤波器研究与设计%Design of High-powered CIC Decimator Filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立; 向新

    2013-01-01

    In view of the problem of high pass band distortion and low stop band attenuation of CIC decimation filter in the sampling rata conversion system, a high-powered CIC decimator filter is proposed in this paper by using the technology of compensate filter and non-recursive parallel structure. Simulation results show that the proposed filter is more excellent on the stop band attenuation and pass band distortion contact with traditional CIC filter, CIC-Cosine filter and ISOP-CIC filter. Therefore, it is more appropriate in the sampling rata conversion system which has stricter require on magnitude performance.%针对采样率变换系统中CIC抽取滤波器存在通带失真较大和阻带衰减较小的问题,提出一种高性能CIC抽取滤波器的设计方法,该方法采用补偿滤波器技术和非递归并行结构.仿真结果表明,通带失真与阻带衰减特性明显优于传统的CIC,CIC-Cosine,ISOP-CIC等滤波器.因此,适用于对幅频特性要求较高的采样率变换系统.

  10. Novel CIC point mutations and an exon-spanning, homozygous deletion identified in oligodendroglial tumors by a comprehensive genomic approach including transcriptome sequencing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Eisenreich

    Full Text Available Oligodendroglial tumors form a distinct subgroup of gliomas, characterized by a better response to treatment and prolonged overall survival. Most oligodendrogliomas and also some oligoastrocytomas are characterized by a unique and typical unbalanced translocation, der(1,19, resulting in a 1p/19q co-deletion. Candidate tumor suppressor genes targeted by these losses, CIC on 19q13.2 and FUBP1 on 1p31.1, were only recently discovered. We analyzed 17 oligodendrogliomas and oligoastrocytomas by applying a comprehensive approach consisting of RNA expression analysis, DNA sequencing of CIC, FUBP1, IDH1/2, and array CGH. We confirmed three different genetic subtypes in our samples: i the "oligodendroglial" subtype with 1p/19q co-deletion in twelve out of 17 tumors; ii the "astrocytic" subtype in three tumors; iii the "other" subtype in two tumors. All twelve tumors with the 1p/19q co-deletion carried the most common IDH1 R132H mutation. In seven of these tumors, we found protein-disrupting point mutations in the remaining allele of CIC, four of which are novel. One of these tumors also had a deleterious mutation in FUBP1. Only by integrating RNA expression and array CGH data, were we able to discover an exon-spanning homozygous microdeletion within the remaining allele of CIC in an additional tumor with 1p/19q co-deletion. Therefore we propose that the mutation rate might be underestimated when looking at sequence variants alone. In conclusion, the high frequency and the spectrum of CIC mutations in our 1p/19q-codeleted tumor cohort support the hypothesis that CIC acts as a tumor suppressor in these tumors, whereas FUBP1 might play only a minor role.

  11. Полифазный фильтр-дециматор типа CIC

    OpenAIRE

    Запевалов, В. В.; Zapevalov, V. V.

    2013-01-01

    Предлагается способ построения полифазных децимирующих CIC-фильтров.The article deals with proposed a polyphase architecture for CIC decimation filters.

  12. A novel, diffusely infiltrative xenograft model of human anaplastic oligodendroglioma with mutations in FUBP1, CIC, and IDH1.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Klink

    Full Text Available Oligodendroglioma poses a biological conundrum for malignant adult human gliomas: it is a tumor type that is universally incurable for patients, and yet, only a few of the human tumors have been established as cell populations in vitro or as intracranial xenografts in vivo. Their survival, thus, may emerge only within a specific environmental context. To determine the fate of human oligodendroglioma in an experimental model, we studied the development of an anaplastic tumor after intracranial implantation into enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP positive NOD/SCID mice. Remarkably after nearly nine months, the tumor not only engrafted, but it also retained classic histological and genetic features of human oligodendroglioma, in particular cells with a clear cytoplasm, showing an infiltrative growth pattern, and harboring mutations of IDH1 (R132H and of the tumor suppressor genes, FUBP1 and CIC. The xenografts were highly invasive, exhibiting a distinct migration and growth pattern around neurons, especially in the hippocampus, and following white matter tracts of the corpus callosum with tumor cells accumulating around established vasculature. Although tumors exhibited a high growth fraction in vivo, neither cells from the original patient tumor nor the xenograft exhibited significant growth in vitro over a six-month period. This glioma xenograft is the first to display a pure oligodendroglioma histology and expression of R132H. The unexpected property, that the cells fail to grow in vitro even after passage through the mouse, allows us to uniquely investigate the relationship of this oligodendroglioma with the in vivo microenvironment.

  13. 17 CFR 256.01-1 - Companies for which this system of accounts is prescribed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 General Instructions § 256.01-1... for use by: (1) Any company operating, or organized to operate, as a mutual service company under the provisions of section 13 of the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, and (2) any subsidiary...

  14. Editorial introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, Karen Pernille

    2008-01-01

    This editorial introduction frames the special issue by highlighting its choices: examining transitions in the educational process, so as to highlight common features of many educational phenomena, often considered separately; and conceptualise transitions as time-embedded processes. Such theoret......This editorial introduction frames the special issue by highlighting its choices: examining transitions in the educational process, so as to highlight common features of many educational phenomena, often considered separately; and conceptualise transitions as time-embedded processes...

  15. Application of CIC filter in the Doppler signal receiver%CIC滤波器在超声多普勒信号接收机中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    台玉朋; 万龙静; 殷海; 王威廉

    2011-01-01

    在医用超声多普勒信号接收机中,CIC滤波器(积分梳状滤波器)起到了高效滤波,同时降低采样速率的作用,是后续信号处理的先决条件.首先详细分析了CIC滤波器的原理以及构成.结合超声多普勒接收机中的实际设计要求,应用MATLAB对滤波器参数进行了设计与仿真.最后应用Verilog语言在FPGA上完成了滤波器以及片上验证系统的设计.并将该滤波器应用于超声多普勒接收机的设计当中,应用集成在FPGA中的嵌入式逻辑分析仪(signal tap)对实验结果进行了验证,与理论计算值相符.%CIC filter has played a highly efficient filter and a rate extractor in the Medical Ultrasound Doppler signal receivers. It's the basic of follow-up signal processing. The author detailed analyzes the CIC filter theory and composition. Design the parameters of the filter using MATLAB to meet the practical requirements. Then, the author completed the design of the filter on FPGA with verilog. Doing simulate on-chip with it Finally successful applying it into design of Doppler signal Receiver. Test and verify the result with signal tap(embedded logic analyzer). Consistent with the theoretical value.

  16. WELCOME & INTRODUCTION

    OpenAIRE

    Andrew V. Wister; Fox, Graham

    2012-01-01

    This video clip comprises the "Welcome and Introduction" to the 21st Annual John K. Friesen Conference, "Innovations in Home Care: A Public Policy Perspective," MAY 16-17, 2012, Vancouver, BC.  It is well known that jurisdictions with more comprehensive and integrated home care delivery systems are able to extend independent living for older people for longer periods of time, thereby reducing more costly forms of care, such as institutionalization. Better quality home care raises the ...

  17. PET imaging of focal demyelination and remyelination in a rat model of multiple sclerosis: comparison of [{sup 11}C]MeDAS, [{sup 11}C]CIC and [{sup 11}C]PIB

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paula Faria, Daniele de [University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Groningen (Netherlands); University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Neuroscience, Groningen (Netherlands); University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Center of Nuclear Medicine, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Copray, Sjef [University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Neuroscience, Groningen (Netherlands); Sijbesma, Jurgen W.A.; Willemsen, Antoon T.M.; Dierckx, Rudi A.J.O.; Vries, Erik F.J. de [University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Groningen (Netherlands); Buchpiguel, Carlos A. [University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Center of Nuclear Medicine, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2014-05-15

    In this study, we compared the ability of [{sup 11}C]CIC, [{sup 11}C]MeDAS and [{sup 11}C]PIB to reveal temporal changes in myelin content in focal lesions in the lysolecithin rat model of multiple sclerosis. Pharmacokinetic modelling was performed to determine the best method to quantify tracer uptake. Sprague-Dawley rats were stereotactically injected with either 1 % lysolecithin or saline into the corpus callosum and striatum of the right brain hemisphere. Dynamic PET imaging with simultaneous arterial blood sampling was performed 7 days after saline injection (control group), 7 days after lysolecithin injection (demyelination group) and 4 weeks after lysolecithin injection (remyelination group). The kinetics of [{sup 11}C]CIC, [{sup 11}C]MeDAS and [{sup 11}C]PIB was best fitted by Logan graphical analysis, suggesting that tracer binding is reversible. Compartment modelling revealed that all tracers were fitted best with the reversible two-tissue compartment model. Tracer uptake and distribution volume in lesions were in agreement with myelin status. However, the slow kinetics and homogeneous brain uptake of [{sup 11}C]CIC make this tracer less suitable for in vivo PET imaging. [{sup 11}C]PIB showed good uptake in the white matter in the cerebrum, but [{sup 11}C]PIB uptake in the cerebellum was low, despite high myelin density in this region. [{sup 11}C]MeDAS distribution correlated well with myelin density in different brain regions. This study showed that PET imaging of demyelination and remyelination processes in focal lesions is feasible. Our comparison of three myelin tracers showed that [{sup 11}C]MeDAS has more favourable properties for quantitative PET imaging of demyelinated and remyelinated lesions throughout the CNS than [{sup 11}C]CIC and [{sup 11}C]PIB. (orig.)

  18. THE INVESTIGATION OF COST CONTROL TABLE BASED ON CICS THEORY%CICS应用下的成本控制平台研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周迎; 丁烈云

    2007-01-01

    针对建设行业中现有成本管理薄弱的现状,提出了应用CICS(Computer Integrated Construction System)理论构造信息集成化管理的成本控制平台这一新思路--把建设项目视为一系列过程的系统,借助于现代信息技术与管理技术对该系统进行分析和重构,建立以任务为中心的成本计量、控制和考核系统.阐述了成本管理与其他工程管理子系统间的关系,并以深圳地铁五标段为背景,提出了CICS应用下建设项目成本控制平台的设计思路及实施方案.

  19. Introduction pages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu E. Sestras

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Pages and Table of Contents Research ArticlesInsulin Requirements in Relation to Insulin Pump Indications in Type 1 DiabetesPDFGabriela GHIMPEŢEANU,\tSilvia Ş. IANCU,\tGabriela ROMAN,\tAnca M. ALIONESCU259-263Comparative Antibacterial Efficacy of Vitellaria paradoxa (Shea Butter Tree Extracts Against Some Clinical Bacterial IsolatesPDFKamoldeen Abiodun AJIJOLAKEWU,\tFola Jose AWARUN264-268A Murine Effort Model for Studying the Influence of Trichinella on Muscular Activity of MicePDFIonut MARIAN,\tCălin Mircea GHERMAN,\tAndrei Daniel MIHALCA269-271Prevalence and Antibiogram of Generic Extended-Spectrum β-Lactam-Resistant Enterobacteria in Healthy PigsPDFIfeoma Chinyere UGWU,\tMadubuike Umunna ANYANWU,\tChidozie Clifford UGWU,\tOgbonna Wilfred UGWUANYI272-280Index of Relative Importance of the Dietary Proportions of Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus in Semi-Arid RegionPDFTana P. MEWADA281-288Bioaccumulation Potentials of Momordica charantia L. Medicinal Plant Grown in Lead Polluted Soil under Organic Fertilizer AmendmentPDFOjo Michael OSENI,\tOmotola Esther DADA,\tAdekunle Ajayi ADELUSI289-294Induced Chitinase and Chitosanase Activities in Turmeric Plants by Application of β-D-Glucan NanoparticlesPDFSathiyanarayanan ANUSUYA,\tMuthukrishnan SATHIYABAMA295-298Present or Absent? About a Threatened Fern, Asplenium adulterinum Milde, in South-Eastern Carpathians (RomaniaPDFAttila BARTÓK,\tIrina IRIMIA299-307Comparative Root and Stem Anatomy of Four Rare Onobrychis Mill. (Fabaceae Taxa Endemic in TurkeyPDFMehmet TEKİN,\tGülden YILMAZ308-312Propagation of Threatened Nepenthes khasiana: Methods and PrecautionsPDFJibankumar S. KHURAIJAM,\tRup K. ROY313-315Alleviate Seed Ageing Effects in Silybum marianum by Application of Hormone Seed PrimingPDFSeyed Ata SIADAT,\tSeyed Amir MOOSAVI,\tMehran SHARAFIZADEH316-321The Effect of Halopriming and Salicylic Acid on the Germination of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum under Different Cadmium

  20. Product introduction by SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Carolien van de Graaff

    2005-01-01

    In recent years a great deal of research has been carried out on the subject of product introductions. However, there has been little research on product introductions by small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Current theory on product introductions might thus not be fully applicable to SMEs. This report therefore aims to answer the question: 'Does the way product introductions are handled by SMEs differ from the way product introductions are described in literature?' We find that there a...

  1. Introduction to graph theory

    CERN Document Server

    Trudeau, Richard J

    1994-01-01

    Preface1. Pure Mathematics Introduction; Euclidean Geometry as Pure Mathematics; Games; Why Study Pure Mathematics?; What's Coming; Suggested Reading2. Graphs Introduction; Sets; Paradox; Graphs; Graph diagrams; Cautions; Common Graphs; Discovery; Complements and Subgraphs; Isomorphism; Recognizing Isomorphic Graphs; Semantics The Number of Graphs Having a Given nu; Exercises; Suggested Reading3. Planar Graphs Introduction; UG, K subscript 5, and the Jordan Curve Theorem; Are there More Nonplanar Graphs?; Expansions; Kuratowski's Theorem; Determining Whether a Graph is Planar or

  2. Introduction to imprecise probabilities

    CERN Document Server

    Augustin, Thomas; de Cooman, Gert; Troffaes, Matthias C M

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the theory has become widely accepted and has been further developed, but a detailed introduction is needed in order to make the material available and accessible to a wide audience. This will be the first book providing such an introduction, covering core theory and recent developments which can be applied to many application areas. All authors of individual chapters are leading researchers on the specific topics, assuring high quality and up-to-date contents. An Introduction to Imprecise Probabilities provides a comprehensive introduction to imprecise probabilities, includin

  3. Environmental Psychology: An Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steg, L.; Berg, van den A.E.; Groot, de J.I.M.

    2012-01-01

    Environmental Psychology: An Introduction offers a research-based introduction to the psychological relationship between humans and their built and natural environments and discusses how sustainable environments can be created to the benefit of both people and nature •Explores the environment's effe

  4. Introduction to surveillance studies

    CERN Document Server

    Petersen, JK

    2012-01-01

    Introduction & OverviewIntroduction Brief History of Surveillance Technologies & TechniquesOptical SurveillanceAerial Surveillance Audio Surveillance Radio-Wave SurveillanceGlobal Positioning Systems Sensors Computers & the Internet Data Cards Biochemical Surveillance Animal Surveillance Biometrics Genetics Practical ConsiderationsPrevalence of Surveillance Effectiveness of Surveillance Freedom & Privacy IssuesConstitutional Freedoms Privacy Safeguards & Intrusions ResourcesReferences Glossary Index

  5. Introduction to renewable energy

    CERN Document Server

    Nelson, Vaughn C

    2011-01-01

    IntroductionEnergy and SocietyTypes of EnergyRenewable EnergyAdvantages/DisadvantagesEconomicsGlobal WarmingOrder of Magnitude EstimatesGrowth (Exponential)SolutionsEnergyIntroductionDefinition of Energy and PowerHeatThermodynamicsEnergy Dilemma in Light of the Laws of ThermodynamicsUse of Fossil FuelsNuclearFinite ResourceSummarySunSolar PowerElectromagnetic SpectrumEnergy Balance of the EarthEarth-Sun MotionInsolationSolar ResourceGreenhouse EffectHeat Transfer and StorageIntroductionConductionConvectionRadiationThermal MassSeasonal Heating or CoolingThermal ComfortSolar Heating and CoolingB

  6. Introduction to commutative algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Atiyah, Michael

    1994-01-01

    This book grew out of a course of lectures given to third year undergraduates at Oxford University and it has the modest aim of producing a rapid introduction to the subject. It is designed to be read

  7. TENCompetence: an introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koper, Rob

    2006-01-01

    Koper, E. J. R. (2006). TENCompetence: an introduction. Presentation at TENCompetence Open Meeting. March, 30-31, 2006, Sofia, Bulgaria. Retrieved June 30th, 2006, from http://dspace.learningnetworks.org

  8. Introduction to numerical analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Hildebrand, F B

    1987-01-01

    Well-known, respected introduction, updated to integrate concepts and procedures associated with computers. Computation, approximation, interpolation, numerical differentiation and integration, smoothing of data, other topics in lucid presentation. Includes 150 additional problems in this edition. Bibliography.

  9. MOOC Introduction to Dutch

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    den Hollander, Franciscus; Piersma, Kristien

    2015-01-01

    Interview met Margriet Hidding, Birgit Lijmbach en Jeroen van Engen, medewerkers van het Talencentrum en de makers van de Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) Introduction to Dutch over het grote succes van deze cursus

  10. Introduction: Invertebrate Neuropeptides XVI

    Science.gov (United States)

    This publication represents an introduction to the sixteenth in a series of special issues of the Peptides journal dedicated to invertebrate neuropeptides. The issue addresses a number of aspects of invertebrate neuropeptide research including identification of novel invertebrate neuropeptide seque...

  11. Introduction: Invertebrate Neuropeptides XIV

    Science.gov (United States)

    This publication represents an introduction to the thirteenth in a series of special issues of the Peptides journal dedicated to invertebrate neuropeptides. The issue addresses a number of aspects of invertebrate neuropeptide research including identification of novel invertebrate neuropeptide sequ...

  12. Introduction: Invertebrate Neuropeptides XV

    Science.gov (United States)

    This publication represents an introduction to the fifteenth in a series of special issues of the Peptides journal dedicated to invertebrate neuropeptides. The issue addresses a number of aspects of invertebrate neuropeptide research including identification of novel invertebrate neuropeptide seque...

  13. Introduction: Invertebrate Neuropeptides XIII

    Science.gov (United States)

    This publication represents an introduction to the thirteenth in a series of special issues of the Peptides journal dedicated to invertebrate neuropeptides. The issue addresses a number of aspects of invertebrate neuropeptide research including identification of novel invertebrate neuropeptide sequ...

  14. Introduction to remote sensing

    CERN Document Server

    Cracknell, Arthur P

    2007-01-01

    Addressing the need for updated information in remote sensing, Introduction to Remote Sensing, Second Edition provides a full and authoritative introduction for scientists who need to know the scope, potential, and limitations in the field. The authors discuss the physical principles of common remote sensing systems and examine the processing, interpretation, and applications of data. This new edition features updated and expanded material, including greater coverage of applications from across earth, environmental, atmospheric, and oceanographic sciences. Illustrated with remotely sensed colo

  15. Introduction to probability

    CERN Document Server

    Roussas, George G

    2006-01-01

    Roussas's Introduction to Probability features exceptionally clear explanations of the mathematics of probability theory and explores its diverse applications through numerous interesting and motivational examples. It provides a thorough introduction to the subject for professionals and advanced students taking their first course in probability. The content is based on the introductory chapters of Roussas's book, An Intoduction to Probability and Statistical Inference, with additional chapters and revisions. Written by a well-respected author known for great exposition an

  16. Stochastic processes an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Jones, Peter Watts

    2009-01-01

    Some Background on ProbabilityIntroduction Probability Conditional probability and independence Discrete random variables Continuous random variables Mean and variance Some standard discrete probability distributions Some standard continuous probability distributions Generating functions Conditional expectationSome Gambling ProblemsGambler's ruin Probability of ruin Some numerical simulations Duration of the game Some variations of gambler's ruinRandom WalksIntroduction Unrestricted random walks The probability distribution after n steps First returns of the symmetric random walkMarkov ChainsS

  17. Introduction to parallel computing

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Introduction to Parallel Computing is a complete end-to-end source of information on almost all aspects of parallel computing from introduction to architectures to programming paradigms to algorithms to programming standards. It is the only book to have complete coverage of traditional Computer Science algorithms (sorting, graph and matrix algorithms), scientific computing algorithms (FFT, sparse matrix computations, N-body methods), and data intensive algorithms (search, dynamic programming, data-mining).

  18. Plasma physics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Fitzpatrick, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Plasma Physics: An Introduction is based on a series of university course lectures by a leading name in the field, and thoroughly covers the physics of the fourth state of matter. This book looks at non-relativistic, fully ionized, nondegenerate, quasi-neutral, and weakly coupled plasma. Intended for the student market, the text provides a concise and cohesive introduction to plasma physics theory, and offers a solid foundation for students wishing to take higher level courses in plasma physics.

  19. The bases of plant introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Karpun Yu N

    2004-01-01

    The main problems of plintroduction are presented as theses. The plants introduction is suggested to regard as process of their cultivation, which has several stages: the mobilization of plant's material, primary test, sec- ond test. The basic terms are offered: introduction point, introduction search, collection number, introduction situation, etc. The peculiarities of plants introduction process are presented. The relationship between native flora and introduction plants are con...

  20. Biophysics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Cotteril, Rodney

    2002-01-01

    Biophysics: An Introduction, is a concise balanced introduction to this subject. Written in an accessible and readable style, the book takes a fresh, modern approach with the author successfully combining key concepts and theory with relevant applications and examples drawn from the field as a whole. Beginning with a brief introduction to the origins of biophysics, the book takes the reader through successive levels of complexity, from atoms to molecules, structures, systems and ultimately to the behaviour of organisms. The book also includes extensive coverage of biopolymers, biomembranes, biological energy, and nervous systems. The text not only explores basic ideas, but also discusses recent developments, such as protein folding, DNA/RNA conformations, molecular motors, optical tweezers and the biological origins of consciousness and intelligence.

  1. Introduction to plasma dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Morozov, A I

    2013-01-01

    As the twenty-first century progresses, plasma technology will play an increasing role in our lives, providing new sources of energy, ion-plasma processing of materials, wave electromagnetic radiation sources, space plasma thrusters, and more. Studies of the plasma state of matter not only accelerate technological developments but also improve the understanding of natural phenomena. Beginning with an introduction to the characteristics and types of plasmas, Introduction to Plasma Dynamics covers the basic models of classical diffuse plasmas used to describe such phenomena as linear and shock w

  2. Introduction to nonimaging optics

    CERN Document Server

    Chaves, Julio

    2015-01-01

    Introduction to Nonimaging Optics covers the theoretical foundations and design methods of nonimaging optics, as well as key concepts from related fields. This fully updated, revised, and expanded Second Edition: Features a new and intuitive introduction with a basic description of the advantages of nonimaging opticsAdds new chapters on wavefronts for a prescribed output (irradiance or intensity), infinitesimal étendue optics (generalization of the aplanatic optics), and Köhler optics and color mixingIncorporates new material on the simultaneous multiple surface (SMS) design method in 3-D, int

  3. Introduction to UAV systems

    CERN Document Server

    Fahlstrom, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been widely adopted in the military world over the last decade and the success of these military applications is increasingly driving efforts to establish unmanned aircraft in non-military roles. Introduction to UAV Systems, 4th edition provides a comprehensive introduction to all of the elements of a complete Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS). It addresses the air vehicle, mission planning and control, several types of mission payloads, data links and how they interact with mission performance, and launch and recovery concepts. This

  4. Introduction to combinatorial analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Riordan, John

    2002-01-01

    This introduction to combinatorial analysis defines the subject as ""the number of ways there are of doing some well-defined operation."" Chapter 1 surveys that part of the theory of permutations and combinations that finds a place in books on elementary algebra, which leads to the extended treatment of generation functions in Chapter 2, where an important result is the introduction of a set of multivariable polynomials.Chapter 3 contains an extended treatment of the principle of inclusion and exclusion which is indispensable to the enumeration of permutations with restricted position given

  5. Introduction to information processing

    CERN Document Server

    Dietel, Harvey M

    2014-01-01

    An Introduction to Information Processing provides an informal introduction to the computer field. This book introduces computer hardware, which is the actual computing equipment.Organized into three parts encompassing 12 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the evolution of personal computing and includes detailed case studies on two of the most essential personal computers for the 1980s, namely, the IBM Personal Computer and Apple's Macintosh. This text then traces the evolution of modern computing systems from the earliest mechanical calculating devices to microchips. Other chapte

  6. Introduction to fuzzy systems

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Guanrong

    2005-01-01

    Introduction to Fuzzy Systems provides students with a self-contained introduction that requires no preliminary knowledge of fuzzy mathematics and fuzzy control systems theory. Simplified and readily accessible, it encourages both classroom and self-directed learners to build a solid foundation in fuzzy systems. After introducing the subject, the authors move directly into presenting real-world applications of fuzzy logic, revealing its practical flavor. This practicality is then followed by basic fuzzy systems theory. The book also offers a tutorial on fuzzy control theory, based mainly on th

  7. Introduction to magnetochemistry

    CERN Document Server

    Earnshaw, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to Magnetochemistry provides an introduction to the more important aspects of magnetochemistry. The measurement of magnetic moment has been one of the most consistently useful to coordination chemists. For teaching purposes it provides a simple method of illustrating the ideas of electronic structure, and in research it can provide fundamental information about the bonding and stereochemistry of complexes. The book contains six chapters covering topics such as free atoms and ions, transition metal complexes, crystal field theory, second and third row transition metal complexes, a

  8. Statistics a complete introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Graham, Alan

    2013-01-01

    Statistics: A Complete Introduction is the most comprehensive yet easy-to-use introduction to using Statistics. Written by a leading expert, this book will help you if you are studying for an important exam or essay, or if you simply want to improve your knowledge. The book covers all the key areas of Statistics including graphs, data interpretation, spreadsheets, regression, correlation and probability. Everything you will need is here in this one book. Each chapter includes not only an explanation of the knowledge and skills you need, but also worked examples and test questions.

  9. Applied energy an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Abdullah, Mohammad Omar

    2012-01-01

    Introduction to Applied EnergyGeneral IntroductionEnergy and Power BasicsEnergy EquationEnergy Generation SystemsEnergy Storage and MethodsEnergy Efficiencies and LossesEnergy industry and Energy Applications in Small -Medium Enterprises (SME) industriesEnergy IndustryEnergy-Intensive industryEnergy Applications in SME Energy industriesEnergy Sources and SupplyEnergy SourcesEnergy Supply and Energy DemandEnergy Flow Visualization and Sankey DiagramEnergy Management and AnalysisEnergy AuditsEnergy Use and Fuel Consumption StudyEnergy Life-Cycle AnalysisEnergy and EnvironmentEnergy Pollutants, S

  10. Introduction to probability models

    CERN Document Server

    Ross, Sheldon M

    2006-01-01

    Introduction to Probability Models, Tenth Edition, provides an introduction to elementary probability theory and stochastic processes. There are two approaches to the study of probability theory. One is heuristic and nonrigorous, and attempts to develop in students an intuitive feel for the subject that enables him or her to think probabilistically. The other approach attempts a rigorous development of probability by using the tools of measure theory. The first approach is employed in this text. The book begins by introducing basic concepts of probability theory, such as the random v

  11. Fall Protection Introduction, #33462

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chochoms, Michael [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-06-23

    The proper use of fall prevention and fall protection controls can reduce the risk of deaths and injuries caused by falls. This course, Fall Protection Introduction (#33462), is designed as an introduction to various types of recognized fall prevention and fall protection systems at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), including guardrail systems, safety net systems, fall restraint systems, and fall arrest systems. Special emphasis is given to the components, inspection, care, and storage of personal fall arrest systems (PFASs). This course also presents controls for falling object hazards and emergency planning considerations for persons who have fallen.

  12. Introduction to adaptive arrays

    CERN Document Server

    Monzingo, Bob; Haupt, Randy

    2011-01-01

    This second edition is an extensive modernization of the bestselling introduction to the subject of adaptive array sensor systems. With the number of applications of adaptive array sensor systems growing each year, this look at the principles and fundamental techniques that are critical to these systems is more important than ever before. Introduction to Adaptive Arrays, 2nd Edition is organized as a tutorial, taking the reader by the hand and leading them through the maze of jargon that often surrounds this highly technical subject. It is easy to read and easy to follow as fundamental concept

  13. Game theory an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Barron, E N

    2013-01-01

    An exciting new edition of the popular introduction to game theory and its applications The thoroughly expanded Second Edition presents a unique, hands-on approach to game theory. While most books on the subject are too abstract or too basic for mathematicians, Game Theory: An Introduction, Second Edition offers a blend of theory and applications, allowing readers to use theory and software to create and analyze real-world decision-making models. With a rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of mathematics, the book focuses on results that can be used to

  14. Introduction to quantum mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An introduction is presented to quantum mechanics dealing with fundamental problems, the physics of the atom (central potential, hydrogen atom, angular momentum, spin, and statistics), nuclear physics (theory of scattering, alpha decay, nucleon-nucleon interaction), and the general quantum mechanics theory using the Dirac notation. The mathematical apparatus is deliberately suppressed. Problems are appended to each chapter. (Z.J.)

  15. Introduction to Shakespeare: English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargraves, Richard

    The "Introduction to Shakespeare" course in the Quinmester Program involves the careful study of the tragedy "Romeo and Juliet" and the comedy "The Taming of the Shrew," emphasizing language, development of character and theme. The course also includes the study of biographical data relevant to the evolution of Shakespeare's literary genius, and…

  16. An Introduction to Malware

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharp, Robin

    2013-01-01

    These notes, intended for use in DTU course 02233 on Network Security, give a short introduction to the topic of malware. The most important types of malware are described, together with their basic principles of operation and dissemination, and defenses against malware are discussed....

  17. An Introduction to Malware

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharp, Robin

    2007-01-01

    These notes intended for use in DTU course 02233 on Network Security give a short introduction to the topic of malware. The most important types of malware are described, together with their basic principles of operation and dissemination, and defences against malware are discussed....

  18. Introduction to Bioinformatics

    OpenAIRE

    Thampi, Sabu M.

    2009-01-01

    Bioinformatics is a new discipline that addresses the need to manage and interpret the data that in the past decade was massively generated by genomic research. This discipline represents the convergence of genomics, biotechnology and information technology, and encompasses analysis and interpretation of data, modeling of biological phenomena, and development of algorithms and statistics. This article presents an introduction to bioinformatics

  19. Diophantine geometry an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Hindry, Marc

    2000-01-01

    This is an introduction to diophantine geometry at the advanced graduate level. The book contains a proof of the Mordell conjecture which will make it quite attractive to graduate students and professional mathematicians. In each part of the book, the reader will find numerous exercises.

  20. Chemical Safety – Introduction

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2009-01-01

    A course of "Chemical Safety – Introduction" will be held in English on 29 May 2009, 9:30-12:00. There are some places left. If you are interested in participating, please register on the Training Catalogue. You will then receive an invitation by email.

  1. Introduction to Waste Engineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2011-01-01

    ) regional plans for waste management, including (3) the selection of main management technologies and siting of facilities, (4) the design of individual technological units and, for example, (5) the operation of recycling schemes within a municipality. This chapter gives an introduction to waste engineering...

  2. Labour and Passion. : Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hermes, Joke

    2014-01-01

    Abstract In this introduction to the themed section on ‘Labour and passion’, it is argued that work has bled into all areas of life. Political economists and media production researchers have shown how both paid and unpaid labour are singularly important and build upon one another. The set of articl

  3. An Introduction to Psycholinguistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jodai, Hojat

    2011-01-01

    This paper is written to have a preliminary introduction about psycholinguistics. Psycholinguistics or psychology of language is the study of the interrelation between linguistic factors and psychological aspects. The main subject of research in psycholinguistics is the study of cognitive processes that underlie the comprehension and production of…

  4. Introduction to solitons

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Miki Wadati

    2001-11-01

    As an introduction to the special issue on nonlinear waves, solitons and their significance in physics are reviewed. The soliton is the first universal concept in nonlinear science. Universality and ubiquity of the soliton concept are emphasized.

  5. Introduction to quantum mechanics

    OpenAIRE

    Villaseñor, Eduardo J. S.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this contribution is to give a very brief introduction to Quantum Mechanics for an audience of mathematicians. I will follow Segal's approach to Quantum Mechanics paying special attention to algebraic issues. The usual representation of Quantum Mechanics on Hilbert spaces is also discussed.

  6. Introduction and Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Corinne

    2001-01-01

    Provides an introduction to articles in this special "Perspectives" issue of "Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology." The articles, taken collectively, contain significant elements of a research agenda in image indexing and retrieval for the next decade. Articles focus on user, representation, and system issues.…

  7. Introduction to the Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhn, Johan M.; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Sørensen, Anders

    In this note a short introduction to the project “Employment Effects of Entrepreneurs” is presented. First, we describe the purpose of the project; second, we present the background; third, we briefly describe the three papers that constitute the output of the project, and fourth, we discuss two...... important qualifications for the understanding of the contributions and results established in the project....

  8. Introduction to number theory

    CERN Document Server

    Vazzana, Anthony; Garth, David

    2007-01-01

    One of the oldest branches of mathematics, number theory is a vast field devoted to studying the properties of whole numbers. Offering a flexible format for a one- or two-semester course, Introduction to Number Theory uses worked examples, numerous exercises, and two popular software packages to describe a diverse array of number theory topics.

  9. Introduction: perspectives on Porter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans)

    1997-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction. Relevance of Strategy research: focus on Michael Porter's contributions Strategy is a fascinating field of enquiry, both for managers looking for a sustainable competitive advantage and for academic researchers looking for the reasons behind superior firm performance. Strat

  10. Introduction to modern magnetohydrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Galtier, Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    Ninety-nine percent of ordinary matter in the Universe is in the form of ionized fluids, or plasmas. The study of the magnetic properties of such electrically conducting fluids, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), has become a central theory in astrophysics, as well as in areas such as engineering and geophysics. This textbook offers a comprehensive introduction to MHD and its recent applications, in nature and in laboratory plasmas; from the machinery of the Sun and galaxies, to the cooling of nuclear reactors and the geodynamo. It exposes advanced undergraduate and graduate students to both classical and modern concepts, making them aware of current research and the ever-widening scope of MHD. Rigorous derivations within the text, supplemented by over 100 illustrations and followed by exercises and worked solutions at the end of each chapter, provide an engaging and practical introduction to the subject and an accessible route into this wide-ranging field.

  11. Introduction au droit commercial

    OpenAIRE

    Thirion, Nicolas; Delvaux, Thierry; Benoit-Moury, Anne

    2009-01-01

    Le cours d'introduction au droit commercial, destiné à des non-juristes, a pour objet de décrire, dans ses grandes lignes, le régime juridique applicable à l'organisation et au fonctionnement de l'économie. Les liens avec des disciplines autres que le droit, notamment l'économie et l'histoire, seront privilégiés, afin d'adapter la matière aux besoins et centres d'intérêts d'étudiants en sciences humaines. Après une introduction générale, le cours s'articule autour de la trilogie fondamentale ...

  12. Introduction to Sporadic Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis J. Boya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This is an introduction to finite simple groups, in particular sporadic groups, intended for physicists. After a short review of group theory, we enumerate the 1+1+16=18 families of finite simple groups, as an introduction to the sporadic groups. These are described next, in three levels of increasing complexity, plus the six isolated ''pariah'' groups. The (old five Mathieu groups make up the first, smallest order level. The seven groups related to the Leech lattice, including the three Conway groups, constitute the second level. The third and highest level contains the Monster group M, plus seven other related groups. Next a brief mention is made of the remaining six pariah groups, thus completing the 5+7+8+6=26 sporadic groups. The review ends up with a brief discussion of a few of physical applications of finite groups in physics, including a couple of recent examples which use sporadic groups.

  13. Introduction to linear elasticity

    CERN Document Server

    Gould, Phillip L

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to Linear Elasticity, 3rd Edition, provides an applications-oriented grounding in the tensor-based theory of elasticity for students in mechanical, civil, aeronautical, and biomedical engineering, as well as materials and earth science. The book is distinct from the traditional text aimed at graduate students in solid mechanics by introducing the subject at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The author's presentation allows students to apply the basic notions of stress analysis and move on to advanced work in continuum mechanics, plasticity, plate and shell theory, composite materials, viscoelasticity and finite method analysis. This book also:  Emphasizes tensor-based approach while still distilling down to explicit notation Provides introduction to theory of plates, theory of shells, wave propagation, viscoelasticity and plasticity accessible to advanced undergraduate students Appropriate for courses following emerging trend of teaching solid mechan...

  14. Introduction to noncommutative algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Brešar, Matej

    2014-01-01

    Providing an elementary introduction to noncommutative rings and algebras, this textbook begins with the classical theory of finite dimensional algebras. Only after this, modules, vector spaces over division rings, and tensor products are introduced and studied. This is followed by Jacobson's structure theory of rings. The final chapters treat free algebras, polynomial identities, and rings of quotients. Many of the results are not presented in their full generality. Rather, the emphasis is on clarity of exposition and simplicity of the proofs, with several being different from those in other texts on the subject. Prerequisites are kept to a minimum, and new concepts are introduced gradually and are carefully motivated. Introduction to Noncommutative Algebra is therefore accessible to a wide mathematical audience. It is, however, primarily intended for beginning graduate and advanced undergraduate students encountering noncommutative algebra for the first time.

  15. Mind a brief introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Searle, John R

    2004-01-01

    "The philosophy of mind is unique among contemporary philosophical subjects," writes John Searle, "in that all of the most famous and influential theories are false." One of the world's most eminent thinkers, Searle dismantles these theories as he presents a vividly written, comprehensive introduction to the mind. He begins with a look at the twelve problems of philosophy of mind--which he calls "Descartes and Other Disasters"--problems which he returns to throughout the volume, as he illuminates such topics as materialism, consciousness, the mind-body problem, intentionality, mental causation, free will, and the self. The book offers a refreshingly direct and engaging introduction to one of the most intriguing areas of philosophy.

  16. Introduction to Sporadic Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Boya, Luis J

    2011-01-01

    This is an introduction to finite simple groups, in particular sporadic groups, intended for physicists. After a short review of group theory, we enumerate the $1+1+16=18$ families of finite simple groups, as an introduction to the sporadic groups. These are described next, in three levels of increasing complexity, plus the six isolated "pariah" groups. The (old) five Mathieu groups make up the first, smallest order level. The seven groups related to the Leech lattice, including the three Conway groups, constitute the second level. The third and highest level contains the Monster group $\\mathbb M$, plus seven other related groups. Next a brief mention is made of the remaining six pariah groups, thus completing the $5+7+8+6=26$ sporadic groups. The review ends up with a brief discussion of a few of physical applications of finite groups in physics, including a couple of recent examples which use sporadic groups.

  17. Introduction to abstract algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Nicholson, W Keith

    2012-01-01

    Praise for the Third Edition ". . . an expository masterpiece of the highest didactic value that has gained additional attractivity through the various improvements . . ."-Zentralblatt MATH The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Abstract Algebra continues to provide an accessible approach to the basic structures of abstract algebra: groups, rings, and fields. The book's unique presentation helps readers advance to abstract theory by presenting concrete examples of induction, number theory, integers modulo n, and permutations before the abstract structures are defined. Readers can immediately be

  18. Introduction to neutron scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, W.E. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

    1996-11-01

    We give here an introduction to the theoretical principles of neutron scattering. The relationship between scattering- and correlation-functions is particularly emphasized. Within the framework of linear response theory (justified by the weakness of the basic interaction) the relation between fluctuation and dissipation is discussed. This general framework explains the particular power of neutron scattering as an experimental method. (author) 4 figs., 4 refs.

  19. Combinatorics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Faticoni, Theodore G

    2014-01-01

    Bridges combinatorics and probability and uniquely includes detailed formulas and proofs to promote mathematical thinking Combinatorics: An Introduction introduces readers to counting combinatorics, offers examples that feature unique approaches and ideas, and presents case-by-case methods for solving problems. Detailing how combinatorial problems arise in many areas of pure mathematics, most notably in algebra, probability theory, topology, and geometry, this book provides discussion on logic and paradoxes; sets and set notations; power sets and their cardinality; Venn diagrams; the multip

  20. Introduction to quantum groups

    OpenAIRE

    Podles, P.; Muller, E.

    1997-01-01

    We give an elementary introduction to the theory of algebraic and topological quantum groups (in the spirit of S. L. Woronowicz). In particular, we recall the basic facts from Hopf (*-) algebra theory, theory of compact (matrix) quantum groups and the theory of their actions on compact quantum spaces. We also provide the most important examples, including the classification of quantum SL(2)-groups, their real forms and quantum spheres. We also consider quantum SL_q(N)-groups and quantum Loren...

  1. Introduction to reversible computing

    CERN Document Server

    Perumalla, Kalyan S

    2013-01-01

    Few books comprehensively cover the software and programming aspects of reversible computing. Filling this gap, Introduction to Reversible Computing offers an expanded view of the field that includes the traditional energy-motivated hardware viewpoint as well as the emerging application-motivated software approach. Collecting scattered knowledge into one coherent account, the book provides a compendium of both classical and recently developed results on reversible computing. It explores up-and-coming theories, techniques, and tools for the application of rever

  2. Introduction to Extra Dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rizzo, Thomas G.; /SLAC

    2010-04-29

    Extra dimensions provide a very useful tool in addressing a number of the fundamental problems faced by the Standard Model. The following provides a very basic introduction to this very broad subject area as given at the VIII School of the Gravitational and Mathematical Physics Division of the Mexican Physical Society in December 2009. Some prospects for extra dimensional searches at the 7 TeV LHC with {approx}1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity are provided.

  3. Introduction to electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Korneff, Theodore

    1966-01-01

    Introduction to Electronics focuses on the study of electronics and electronic devices. Composed of 14 chapters, the book starts with discussions on dc circuits, including resistance, voltmeter, ammeter, galvanometer, internal resistance, and positive and negative currents. This topic is followed by discussions on ac circuits, particularly addressing voltage and current, average power, resistive load, complex plane, and parallel circuits. Discussions also focus on filters and tuned circuits, diodes, and power supplies. Particularly given attention are the processes, diagrams, and analyses

  4. Introduction to microfabrication

    CERN Document Server

    Franssila, Sami

    2005-01-01

    Microfabrication is the key technology behind integrated circuits, microsensors, photonic crystals, ink jet printers, solar cells and flat panel displays. Microsystems can be complex, but the basic microstructures and processes of microfabrication are fairly simple. Introduction to Microfabrication shows how the common microfabrication concepts can be applied over and over again to create devices with a wide variety of structures and functions.Featuring:* A comprehensive presentation of basic fabrication processes* An emphasis on materials and microstructures, rather than devic

  5. Introduction to cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Roos, Matts

    2015-01-01

    The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Cosmology provides a concise, authoritative study of cosmology at an introductory level. Starting from elementary principles and the early history of cosmology, the text carefully guides the student on to curved spacetimes, special and general relativity, gravitational lensing, the thermal history of the Universe, and cosmological models, including extended gravity models, black holes and Hawking's recent conjectures on the not-so-black holes.

  6. Introduction to Scholarly Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Das, Anup-Kumar

    2015-01-01

    In this Unit, Introduction to scholarly communications, author discusses different aspects of scholarly communication – particularly its genesis, importance and ethics of academic publishing, and different communication channels available in academic publishing. Some of these channels are commonly described as primary sources as they provide first-hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation. Historically, scientific journals were initiated by learned societies and...

  7. Introduction: perspectives on Porter

    OpenAIRE

    Bosch, Frans

    1997-01-01

    textabstractIntroduction. Relevance of Strategy research: focus on Michael Porter's contributions Strategy is a fascinating field of enquiry, both for managers looking for a sustainable competitive advantage and for academic researchers looking for the reasons behind superior firm performance. Strategy can be a fascinating field of mutual learning as well, if practitioners and researchers communicate with each other, exchange ideas and findings and try to understand each other's perspective. ...

  8. Introduction to biomedical engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Enderle, John

    2011-01-01

    Introduction to Biomedical Engineering is a comprehensive survey text for biomedical engineering courses. It is the most widely adopted text across the BME course spectrum, valued by instructors and students alike for its authority, clarity and encyclopedic coverage in a single volume. Biomedical engineers need to understand the wide range of topics that are covered in this text, including basic mathematical modeling; anatomy and physiology; electrical engineering, signal processing and instrumentation; biomechanics; biomaterials science and tissue engineering; and medical and engineering e

  9. Introduction to group theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canals B.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This chapter is a concise mathematical introduction into the algebra of groups. It is build up in the way that definitions are followed by propositions and proofs. The concepts and the terminology introduced here will serve as a basis for the following chapters that deal with group theory in the stricter sense and its application to problems in physics. The mathematical prerequisites are at the bachelor level.1

  10. Introduction to biomechatronics

    CERN Document Server

    Brooker, Graham

    2012-01-01

    Introduction to Biomechatronics provides fundamental knowledge of mechanical and electronic (mechatronic) components and systems and their interaction with human biology to assist or replace limbs, senses, and even organs damaged by trauma, birth defects, or disease. The first half of the book provides the engineering background to understand all the components of a biomechatronic system: the human subject, stimulus or actuation, transducers and sensors, signal conditioning elements, recording and display, and feedback elements.

  11. Introduction to minimax

    CERN Document Server

    Dem'yanov, V F; Louvish, D

    2014-01-01

    This user-friendly text offers a thorough introduction to the part of optimization theory that lies between approximation theory and mathematical programming, both linear and nonlinear. Written by two distinguished mathematicians, the expert treatment covers the essentials, incorporating important background materials, examples, and extensive notes.Geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematical programming, the text explores best approximation by algebraic polynomials in both discrete and continuous cases; the discrete problem, with and without constraints; the gene

  12. Introduction to microprocessors

    CERN Document Server

    Aspinall, D

    1977-01-01

    Introduction to Microprocessors introduces the practicing engineer to microprocessors and covers topics ranging from components for information processing to hardware structures and addressing modes, along with support software and structured programming. General principles are illustrated with examples from commercial microprocessors.Comprised of 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of digital information processing systems and their components, including logic circuits and large scale integration (LSI) digital circuits. A basic microprocessor structure is then described, and case s

  13. Introduction to Kalman Filtering

    OpenAIRE

    Alazard, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    This document is an introduction to Kalman optimal Filtering applied to linear systems. It is assumed that the reader is already aware of linear servo-loop theory, frequency-domain Filtering (continuous and discrete-time) and state-space approach to represent linear systems. Generally, Filtering consists in estimating a useful information (signal) from a measurement (of this information) perturbed by a noise. Frequency-domain Filtering assumes that a frequency-domain separation exists between...

  14. Differential topology an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Gauld, David B

    2006-01-01

    Offering classroom-proven results, Differential Topology presents an introduction to point set topology via a naive version of nearness space. Its treatment encompasses a general study of surgery, laying a solid foundation for further study and greatly simplifying the classification of surfaces.This self-contained treatment features 88 helpful illustrations. Its subjects include topological spaces and properties, some advanced calculus, differentiable manifolds, orientability, submanifolds and an embedding theorem, and tangent spaces. Additional topics comprise vector fields and integral curv

  15. Introduction to nanotheranostics

    CERN Document Server

    Tamil Selvan, Subramanian

    2016-01-01

    This book offers readers an introduction to the current status of nanoparticles and other nanomaterials that have potential applications in theranostics. Above all, it highlights the diagnostic and therapeutic applications of metallic (e.g. Au, Ag), semiconducting quantum dots (e.g. CdSe, CdTe), magnetic (e.g. Fe3O4, FePt, Co), and multifunctional (combination of two or three) nanoparticles. .

  16. Introduction to heat transfer

    CERN Document Server

    SUNDÉN, B

    2012-01-01

    Presenting the basic mechanisms for transfer of heat, Introduction to Heat Transfer gives a deeper and more comprehensive view than existing titles on the subject. Derivation and presentation of analytical and empirical methods are provided for calculation of heat transfer rates and temperature fields as well as pressure drop. The book covers thermal conduction, forced and natural laminar and turbulent convective heat transfer, thermal radiation including participating media, condensation, evaporation and heat exchangers.

  17. Introduction to superstring theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunez, Carmen [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Buenos Aires (Argentina)], e-mail: carmen@iafe.uba.ar

    2009-07-01

    This is a very basic introduction to the AdS/CFT correspondence. The first lecture motivates the duality between gauge theories and gravity/string theories. The next two lectures introduce the bosonic and supersymmetric string theories. The fourth lecture is devoted to study Dp-branes and finally, in the fifth lecture I discuss the two worlds: N=4 SYM in 3+1 flat dimensions and type IIB superstrings in AdS{sub 5} x S5. (author)

  18. Earth System Monitoring, Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orcutt, John

    This section provides sensing and data collection methodologies, as well as an understanding of Earth's climate parameters and natural and man-made phenomena, to support a scientific assessment of the Earth system as a whole, and its response to natural and human-induced changes. The coverage ranges from climate change factors and extreme weather and fires to oil spill tracking and volcanic eruptions. This serves as a basis to enable improved prediction and response to climate change, weather, and natural hazards as well as dissemination of the data and conclusions. The data collection systems include satellite remote sensing, aerial surveys, and land- and ocean-based monitoring stations. Our objective in this treatise is to provide a significant portion of the scientific and engineering basis of Earth system monitoring and to provide this in 17 detailed articles or chapters written at a level for use by university students through practicing professionals. The reader is also directed to the closely related sections on Ecological Systems, Introduction and also Climate Change Modeling Methodology, Introduction as well as Climate Change Remediation, Introduction to. For ease of use by students, each article begins with a glossary of terms, while at an average length of 25 print pages each, sufficient detail is presented for use by professionals in government, universities, and industries. The chapters are individually summarized below.

  19. Introduction to Artificial Neural Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jan

    1999-01-01

    The note addresses introduction to signal analysis and classification based on artificial feed-forward neural networks.......The note addresses introduction to signal analysis and classification based on artificial feed-forward neural networks....

  20. Game Theory An Introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Barron, E N

    2008-01-01

    A fundamental introduction to modern game theory from a mathematical viewpoint. Game theory arises in almost every fact of human and inhuman interaction since oftentimes during these communications objectives are opposed or cooperation is viewed as an option. From economics and finance to biology and computer science, researchers and practitioners are often put in complex decision-making scenarios, whether they are interacting with each other or working with evolving technology and artificial intelligence. Acknowledging the role of mathematics in making logical and advantageous decisions, Game

  1. Introduction to real analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Schramm, Michael J

    2008-01-01

    This text forms a bridge between courses in calculus and real analysis. It focuses on the construction of mathematical proofs as well as their final content. Suitable for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students of real analysis, it also provides a vital reference book for advanced courses in mathematics.The four-part treatment begins with an introduction to basic logical structures and techniques of proof, including discussions of the cardinality concept and the algebraic and order structures of the real and rational number systems. Part Two presents in-depth examinations of the compl

  2. Introduction to asymptotics

    CERN Document Server

    Jones, D S

    1997-01-01

    Many branches of science and engineering involve applications of mathematical analysis. An important part of applied analysis is asymptotic approximation which is, therefore, an active area of research with new methods and publications being found constantly. This book gives an introduction to the subject sufficient for scientists and engineers to grasp the fundamental techniques, both those which have been known for some time and those which have been discovered more recently. The asymptotic approximation of both integrals and differential equations is discussed and the discussion includes hy

  3. Introduction to grid computing

    CERN Document Server

    Magoules, Frederic; Tan, Kiat-An; Kumar, Abhinit

    2009-01-01

    A Thorough Overview of the Next Generation in ComputingPoised to follow in the footsteps of the Internet, grid computing is on the verge of becoming more robust and accessible to the public in the near future. Focusing on this novel, yet already powerful, technology, Introduction to Grid Computing explores state-of-the-art grid projects, core grid technologies, and applications of the grid.After comparing the grid with other distributed systems, the book covers two important aspects of a grid system: scheduling of jobs and resource discovery and monitoring in grid. It then discusses existing a

  4. Introduction to communication networks

    CERN Document Server

    Anttalainen, Tarmo

    2014-01-01

    This new book is an introduction to modern communications networks that now rely far less on telephone services and more on cellular and IP networks. The resource is designed to provide answers to the fundamental questions concerning telecommunications networks and services. This includes the structure and main components of a modern telecommunications network; the importance of standardization; and how cellular mobile networks operate; among many others. In addition, you are provided with problems and review questions to work though and help you master the material.

  5. Introduction to Econophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantegna, Rosario N.; Stanley, H. Eugene

    2007-08-01

    Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Efficient market hypothesis; 3. Random walk; 4. Lévy stochastic processes and limit theorems; 5. Scales in financial data; 6. Stationarity and time correlation; 7. Time correlation in financial time series; 8. Stochastic models of price dynamics; 9. Scaling and its breakdown; 10. ARCH and GARCH processes; 11. Financial markets and turbulence; 12. Correlation and anti-correlation between stocks; 13. Taxonomy of a stock portfolio; 14. Options in idealized markets; 15. Options in real markets; Appendix A: notation guide; Appendix B: martingales; References; Index.

  6. Introduction to modern cryptography

    CERN Document Server

    Katz, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Praise for the First Edition:""This book is a comprehensive, rigorous introduction to what the authors name 'modern' cryptography. … a novel approach to how cryptography is taught, replacing the older, construction-based approach. … The concepts are clearly stated, both in an intuitive fashion and formally. … I would heartily recommend this book to anyone who is interested in cryptography. … The exercises are challenging and interesting, and can benefit readers of all academic levels.""-IACR Book Reviews, January 2010""Over the past 30 years, cryptography has been transformed from a mysterious

  7. Introduction to cardinal arithmetic

    CERN Document Server

    Holz, M; Weitz, E

    1999-01-01

    This book is an introduction into modern cardinal arithmetic in the frame of the axioms of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory together with the axiom of choice (ZFC). A first part describes the classical theory developed by Bernstein, Cantor, Hausdorff, König and Tarski between 1870 and 1930. Next, the development in the 1970s led by Galvin, Hajnal and Silver is characterized. The third part presents the fundamental investigations in pcf theory which have been worked out by Shelah to answer the questions left open in the 1970s.Reviews:'The authors aim their text at beginners in set theory. They start

  8. Theoretical Optics An Introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Römer, Hartmann

    2004-01-01

    Starting from basic electrodynamics, this volume provides a solid, yet concise introduction to theoretical optics, containing topics such as nonlinear optics, light-matter interaction, and modern topics in quantum optics, including entanglement, cryptography, and quantum computation. The author, with many years of experience in teaching and research, goes way beyond the scope of traditional lectures, enabling readers to keep up with the current state of knowledge. Both content and presentation make it essential reading for graduate and phD students as well as a valuable reference for researche

  9. Introduction to superconductivity

    CERN Document Server

    Rose-Innes, AC

    1978-01-01

    Introduction to Superconductivity differs from the first edition chiefly in Chapter 11, which has been almost completely rewritten to give a more physically-based picture of the effects arising from the long-range coherence of the electron-waves in superconductors and the operation of quantum interference devices. In this revised second edition, some further modifications have been made to the text and an extra chapter dealing with """"high-temperature"""" superconductors has been added. A vast amount of research has been carried out on these since their discovery in 1986 but the results, both

  10. Theoretical astrophysics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Bartelmann, Matthias

    2013-01-01

    A concise yet comprehensive introduction to the central theoretical concepts of modern astrophysics, presenting hydrodynamics, radiation, and stellar dynamics all in one textbook. Adopting a modular structure, the author illustrates a small number of fundamental physical methods and principles, which are sufficient to describe and understand a wide range of seemingly very diverse astrophysical phenomena and processes. For example, the formulae that define the macroscopic behavior of stellar systems are all derived in the same way from the microscopic distribution function. This function it

  11. An introduction to webs

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, C. D.

    2016-04-01

    Webs are sets of Feynman diagrams that contribute to the exponents of scattering amplitudes, in the kinematic limit in which emitted radiation is soft. As such, they have a number of phenomenological and formal applications, and offer tantalizing glimpses into the all-order structure of perturbative quantum field theory. This article is based on a series of lectures given to graduate students, and aims to provide a pedagogical introduction to webs. Topics covered include exponentiation in (non-)abelian gauge theories, the web mixing matrix formalism for non-abelian gauge theories, and recent progress on the calculation of web diagrams. Problems are included throughout the text, to aid understanding.

  12. Introduction to tribology

    CERN Document Server

    Bhushan, Bharat

    2013-01-01

    A fully updated version of the popular Introduction to Tribology, the second edition of this leading tribology text introduces the major developments in the understanding and interpretation of friction, wear and lubrication.  Considerations of friction and wear have been fully revised to include recent analysis and data work, and friction mechanisms have been reappraised in light of current developments.   In this edition, the breakthroughs in tribology at the nano- and micro- level as well as recent developments in nanotechnology and magnetic storage technologies are introduce

  13. Introduction to laser technology

    CERN Document Server

    Hitz, C Breck; Hecht, Jeff

    2012-01-01

    The only introductory text on the market today that explains the underlying physics and engineering applicable to all lasersAlthough lasers are becoming increasingly important in our high-tech environment, many of the technicians and engineers who install, operate, and maintain them have had little, if any, formal training in the field of electro-optics. This can result in less efficient usage of these important tools. Introduction to Laser Technology, Fourth Edition provides readers with a good understanding of what a laser is and what it can and cannot do. The book explains what types of las.

  14. Introduction to cluster dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Reinhard, Paul-Gerhard

    2008-01-01

    Clusters as mesoscopic particles represent an intermediate state of matter between single atoms and solid material. The tendency to miniaturise technical objects requires knowledge about systems which contain a ""small"" number of atoms or molecules only. This is all the more true for dynamical aspects, particularly in relation to the qick development of laser technology and femtosecond spectroscopy. Here, for the first time is a highly qualitative introduction to cluster physics. With its emphasis on cluster dynamics, this will be vital to everyone involved in this interdisciplinary subje

  15. Introduction to combinatorial designs

    CERN Document Server

    Wallis, WD

    2007-01-01

    Combinatorial theory is one of the fastest growing areas of modern mathematics. Focusing on a major part of this subject, Introduction to Combinatorial Designs, Second Edition provides a solid foundation in the classical areas of design theory as well as in more contemporary designs based on applications in a variety of fields. After an overview of basic concepts, the text introduces balanced designs and finite geometries. The author then delves into balanced incomplete block designs, covering difference methods, residual and derived designs, and resolvability. Following a chapter on the e

  16. Introduction to mathematical logic

    CERN Document Server

    Mendelson, Elliott

    2015-01-01

    The new edition of this classic textbook, Introduction to Mathematical Logic, Sixth Edition explores the principal topics of mathematical logic. It covers propositional logic, first-order logic, first-order number theory, axiomatic set theory, and the theory of computability. The text also discusses the major results of Gödel, Church, Kleene, Rosser, and Turing.The sixth edition incorporates recent work on Gödel's second incompleteness theorem as well as restoring an appendix on consistency proofs for first-order arithmetic. This appendix last appeared in the first edition. It is offered in th

  17. Introduction to complex analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Priestley, H A

    2003-01-01

    Complex analysis is a classic and central area of mathematics, which is studied and exploited in a range of important fields, from number theory to engineering. Introduction to Complex Analysis was first published in 1985, and for this much awaited second edition the text has been considerably expanded, while retaining the style of the original. More detailed presentation is given of elementary topics, to reflect the knowledge base of current students. Exercise sets have beensubstantially revised and enlarged, with carefully graded exercises at the end of each chapter.This is the latest additi

  18. Introduction to EMC

    CERN Document Server

    Scott, John

    1997-01-01

    This is the clear guide for non-specialists to electromagnetic compatability (EMC), the effects of electromagnetic radiation and the European EMC Directive which is now in force. This book helps by explaining the basic principles of EMC, how it may be controlled in practice through filtering, shielding, appropriate printed circuit board design, and other means. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and surge protection are discussed. The growing concern about the effects of electromagnetic waves and fields on health are examined in detail.This introduction provides beginners, technical and

  19. Introduction to Interventional MRI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jarmo Ruohonen; William G.Bradley; Jr.MD

    2002-01-01

    An increasing number of interventional procedures are done under imaging guidance. These include biopsies, drainages and injections. Likewise, imaging guidance and monitoring have enabled the use of sophisticated techniques for minimally invasive therapy of tumors. Since MRI provides the best tissue contrast and lesion sensitivity,the use of MR-guided procedures (MRGP) is quickly gaining momentum. Special hardware and software solutions have been developed that allow more efficient interventional use of the MR scanner.This introduction summarizes the basic concepts of interventional MRI and outlines some of the applications of today and tomorrow.

  20. Computability theory an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Jones, Neil D

    1973-01-01

    Computability Theory: An Introduction provides information pertinent to the major concepts, constructions, and theorems of the elementary theory of computability of recursive functions. This book provides mathematical evidence for the validity of the Church-Turing thesis.Organized into six chapters, this book begins with an overview of the concept of effective process so that a clear understanding of the effective computability of partial and total functions is obtained. This text then introduces a formal development of the equivalence of Turing machine computability, enumerability, and decida

  1. Introduction to data technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Murrell, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Providing key information on how to work with research data, Introduction to Data Technologies presents ideas and techniques for performing critical, behind-the-scenes tasks that take up so much time and effort yet typically receive little attention in formal education. With a focus on computational tools, the book shows readers how to improve their awareness of what tasks can be achieved and describes the correct approach to perform these tasks. Practical examples demonstrate the most important pointsThe author first discusses how to write computer code using HTML as a concrete example. He th

  2. Introduction to Coordination Chemistry

    CERN Document Server

    Lawrance, Geoffrey Alan

    2010-01-01

    Introduction to Coordination Chemistry examines and explains how metals and molecules that bind as ligands interact, and the consequences of this assembly process. This book describes the chemical and physical properties and behavior of the complex assemblies that form, and applications that may arise as a result of these properties. Coordination complexes are an important but often hidden part of our world?even part of us?and what they do is probed in this book. This book distills the essence of this topic for undergraduate students and for research scientists.

  3. Cartesian tensors an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Temple, G

    2004-01-01

    This undergraduate text provides an introduction to the theory of Cartesian tensors, defining tensors as multilinear functions of direction, and simplifying many theorems in a manner that lends unity to the subject. The author notes the importance of the analysis of the structure of tensors in terms of spectral sets of projection operators as part of the very substance of quantum theory. He therefore provides an elementary discussion of the subject, in addition to a view of isotropic tensors and spinor analysis within the confines of Euclidean space. The text concludes with an examination of t

  4. Introduction and New Aspects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen Brøndsted

    2013-01-01

    This chapter provides a brief introduction to biochromophores encountered in nature, and how their π-conjugated structures determine their excitation energies, i.e., their colour. Perturbations of electronic structure by a microenvironment such as water or charge sites are discussed. These may le...... to a colour change (or modulation), depending on the character of the electronic transition. As detailed results for particular chromophores are presented in subsequent chapters, future challenges and new aspects within the research field are instead considered as the author sees them....

  5. Quantum chemistry an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Kauzmann, Walter

    2013-01-01

    Quantum Chemistry: An Introduction provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. This book presents the theory of partial differentiation equations by using the classical theory of vibrations as a means of developing physical insight into this essential branch of mathematics.Organized into five parts encompassing 16 chapters, this book begins with an overview of how quantum mechanical deductions are made. This text then describes the achievements and limitations of the application of quantum mechanics to chemical problems. Other chapters provide a brief survey

  6. Introduction to information science

    CERN Document Server

    Bawden, David

    2012-01-01

    This landmark textbook takes a whole subject approach to Information Science as a discipline. Introduced by leading international scholars and offering a global perspective on the discipline, this is designed to be the standard text for students worldwide. The authors' expert narrative guides you through each of the essential building blocks of information science offering a concise introduction and expertly chosen further reading and resources.Critical topics covered include:foundations: concepts, theories and historical perspectivesorganising and retrieving Information information behaviour,

  7. Statistics a biomedical introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Byron Wm

    2009-01-01

    CHAPTER 1: Introduction 1 CHAPTER 2: Elementary Rules of Probability 13 CHAPTER 3: Populations, Samples, and the Distribution of the Sample Mean 37 1. Populations and Distributions 38 2. Sampling from Finite Populations 64 3. The Distribution of the Sample Mean 72 CHAPTER 4: Analysis of Matched Pairs Using Sample Means 85 1. A Confidence Interval for the Treatment Effect 86 2. A Hypothesis Test for the Treatment Effect 96 3. Determining the Sample Size 102 CHAPTER 5: Analysis of the Two-Sample Location Problem Using Sample Means 109 1. A Confidence Interval for the Diffe

  8. Introduction to Numerical Methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoonover, Joseph A. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-06-14

    These are slides for a lecture for the Parallel Computing Summer Research Internship at the National Security Education Center. This gives an introduction to numerical methods. Repetitive algorithms are used to obtain approximate solutions to mathematical problems, using sorting, searching, root finding, optimization, interpolation, extrapolation, least squares regresion, Eigenvalue problems, ordinary differential equations, and partial differential equations. Many equations are shown. Discretizations allow us to approximate solutions to mathematical models of physical systems using a repetitive algorithm and introduce errors that can lead to numerical instabilities if we are not careful.

  9. An introduction to optimization

    CERN Document Server

    Chong, Edwin K P

    2013-01-01

    Praise for the Third Edition "". . . guides and leads the reader through the learning path . . . [e]xamples are stated very clearly and the results are presented with attention to detail.""  -MAA Reviews  Fully updated to reflect new developments in the field, the Fourth Edition of Introduction to Optimization fills the need for accessible treatment of optimization theory and methods with an emphasis on engineering design. Basic definitions and notations are provided in addition to the related fundamental background for linear algebra, geometry, and calculus.  This new

  10. Introduction to continuum mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Lai, W Michael; Rubin, David

    1996-01-01

    Introduction to Continuum Mechanics is a recently updated and revised text which is perfect for either introductory courses in an undergraduate engineering curriculum or for a beginning graduate course.Continuum Mechanics studies the response of materials to different loading conditions. The concept of tensors is introduced through the idea of linear transformation in a self-contained chapter, and the interrelation of direct notation, indicial notation, and matrix operations is clearly presented. A wide range of idealized materials are considered through simple static and dynamic problems, a

  11. Mathematical introduction to logic

    CERN Document Server

    Enderton, Herbert

    2001-01-01

    A Mathematical Introduction to Logic, Second Edition, offers increased flexibility with topic coverage, allowing for choice in how to utilize the textbook in a course. The author has made this edition more accessible to better meet the needs of today's undergraduate mathematics and philosophy students. It is intended for the reader who has not studied logic previously, but who has some experience in mathematical reasoning. Material is presented on computer science issues such as computational complexity and database queries, with additional coverage of introductory material such as sets

  12. Brief introduction to relativity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief, but rigorous and uncondensed, introduction to special relativity is given. The reader is assumed to be familiar with coordinate transformations in general and to have a reasonable grasp of advanced calculus and vector analysis. The subject is presented under the following topics: hypotheses underlying the Lorentz transformation, kinematics and algebraic properties of the Lorentz transformation, vectors and tensors in relativity, the electromagnetic field and Maxwell's equations, the dynamics of a particle and the Lorentz force equation, photons and relativistic optics, and applications of relativistic optics. 3 figures

  13. Introduction to applied thermodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Helsdon, R M; Walker, G E

    1965-01-01

    Introduction to Applied Thermodynamics is an introductory text on applied thermodynamics and covers topics ranging from energy and temperature to reversibility and entropy, the first and second laws of thermodynamics, and the properties of ideal gases. Standard air cycles and the thermodynamic properties of pure substances are also discussed, together with gas compressors, combustion, and psychrometry. This volume is comprised of 16 chapters and begins with an overview of the concept of energy as well as the macroscopic and molecular approaches to thermodynamics. The following chapters focus o

  14. Introduction to Heat Pipes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ku, Jentung

    2015-01-01

    This is the presentation file for the short course Introduction to Heat Pipes, to be conducted at the 2015 Thermal Fluids and Analysis Workshop, August 3-7, 2015, Silver Spring, Maryland. NCTS 21070-15. Course Description: This course will present operating principles of the heat pipe with emphases on the underlying physical processes and requirements of pressure and energy balance. Performance characterizations and design considerations of the heat pipe will be highlighted. Guidelines for thermal engineers in the selection of heat pipes as part of the spacecraft thermal control system, testing methodology, and analytical modeling will also be discussed.

  15. Introduction to differentiable manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Auslander, Louis

    2009-01-01

    The first book to treat manifold theory at an introductory level, this text surveys basic concepts in the modern approach to differential geometry. The first six chapters define and illustrate differentiable manifolds, and the final four chapters investigate the roles of differential structures in a variety of situations.Starting with an introduction to differentiable manifolds and their tangent spaces, the text examines Euclidean spaces, their submanifolds, and abstract manifolds. Succeeding chapters explore the tangent bundle and vector fields and discuss their association with ordinary diff

  16. Introduction to dynamic programming

    CERN Document Server

    Cooper, Leon; Rodin, E Y

    1981-01-01

    Introduction to Dynamic Programming provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of dynamic programming. This book considers problems that can be quantitatively formulated and deals with mathematical models of situations or phenomena that exists in the real world.Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental components of any mathematical optimization model. This text then presents the details of the application of dynamic programming to variational problems. Other chapters consider the application of dynamic programming to inventory theory, Mark

  17. Introduction to Computational Plasticity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hartley, P [School of Mechanical and Manufacturing, Engineering, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT (United Kingdom)

    2006-04-07

    The focus of the book on computational plasticity embodies techniques of relevance not only to academic researchers, but also of interest to industrialists engaged in the production of components using bulk or sheet forming processes. Of particular interest is the guidance on how to create modules for use with the commercial system Abaqus for specific types of material behaviour. The book is in two parts, the first of which contains six chapters, starting with microplasticity, but predominantly on continuum plasticity. The first chapter on microplasticty gives a brief description of the grain structure of metals and the existence of slip systems within the grains. This provides an introduction to the concept of incompressibility during plastic deformation, the nature of plastic yield and the importance of the critically resolved shear stress on the slip planes (Schmid's law). Some knowledge of the notation commonly used to describe slip systems is assumed, which will be familiar to students of metallurgy, but anyone with a more general engineering background may need to undertake additional reading to understand the various descriptions. Chapter two introduces one of several yield criteria, that normally attributed to von Mises (though historians of mechanics might argue over who was first to develop the theory of yielding associated with strain energy density), and its two or three-dimensional representation as a yield surface. The expansion of the yield surface during plastic deformation, its translation due to kinematic hardening and the Bauschinger effect in reversed loading are described with a direct link to the material stress-strain curve. The assumption, that the increment of strain is normal to the yield surface, the normality principle, is introduced. Uniaxial loading of an elastic-plastic material is used as an example in which to develop expressions to describe increments in stress and strain. The full presentation of numerous expressions, tensors

  18. The “Grep” Command But Not FusionMap, FusionFinder or ChimeraScan Captures the CIC-DUX4 Fusion Gene from Whole Transcriptome Sequencing Data on a Small Round Cell Tumor with t(4;19)(q35;q13)

    OpenAIRE

    Ioannis Panagopoulos; Ludmila Gorunova; Bodil Bjerkehagen; Sverre Heim

    2014-01-01

    Whole transcriptome sequencing was used to study a small round cell tumor in which a t(4;19)(q35;q13) was part of the complex karyotype but where the initial reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) examination did not detect a CIC-DUX4 fusion transcript previously described as the crucial gene-level outcome of this specific translocation. The RNA sequencing data were analysed using the FusionMap, FusionFinder, and ChimeraScan programs which are specifically designed to identify fusion genes. Fusio...

  19. Introduction to uncertainty quantification

    CERN Document Server

    Sullivan, T J

    2015-01-01

    Uncertainty quantification is a topic of increasing practical importance at the intersection of applied mathematics, statistics, computation, and numerous application areas in science and engineering. This text provides a framework in which the main objectives of the field of uncertainty quantification are defined, and an overview of the range of mathematical methods by which they can be achieved. Complete with exercises throughout, the book will equip readers with both theoretical understanding and practical experience of the key mathematical and algorithmic tools underlying the treatment of uncertainty in modern applied mathematics. Students and readers alike are encouraged to apply the mathematical methods discussed in this book to their own favourite problems to understand their strengths and weaknesses, also making the text suitable as a self-study. This text is designed as an introduction to uncertainty quantification for senior undergraduate and graduate students with a mathematical or statistical back...

  20. Superconductivity an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Kleiner, Reinhold

    2016-01-01

    The third edition of this proven text has been developed further in both scope and scale to reflect the potential for superconductivity in power engineering to increase efficiency in electricity transmission or engines. The landmark reference remains a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering every aspect from fundamentals to applications, and presenting the latest developments in organic superconductors, superconducting interfaces, quantum coherence, and applications in medicine and industry. Due to its precise language and numerous explanatory illustrations, it is suitable as an introductory textbook, with the level rising smoothly from chapter to chapter, such that readers can build on their newly acquired knowledge. The authors cover basic properties of superconductors and discuss stability and different material groups with reference to the latest and most promising applications, devoting the last third of the book to applications in power engineering, medicine, and low temperature physics. An e...

  1. Introduction au titre I

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Dans l’introduction de ses Règles pour former un avocat, Antoine Gaspard Boucher d’Argis donnait de l’avocat un portrait pour le moins flatteur : “un homme de bien, versé dans la jurisprudence et dans l’art de bien dire, qui concourt à l’administration de la justice, soit en aidant de ses conseils ceux qui ont recours à lui, soit en défendant en jugement leurs intérêts de vive voix ou par écrit”. Justement décrit sous sa double fonction de consultant et de défenseur, l’avocat occupe une place...

  2. Semiconductor physics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Seeger, Karlheinz

    1999-01-01

    Semiconductor Physics - An Introduction - is suitable for the senior undergraduate or new graduate student majoring in electrical engineering or physics. It will also be useful to solid-state scientists and device engineers involved in semiconductor design and technology. The text provides a lucid account of charge transport, energy transport and optical processes, and a detailed description of many devices. It includes sections on superlattices and quantum well structures, the effects of deep-level impurities on transport, the quantum Hall effect and the calculation of the influence of a magnetic field on the carrier distribution function. This 6th edition has been revised and corrected, and new sections have been added to different chapters.

  3. Introduction to sympersymmetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present work, supersymmetry is motivated via the Coleman-Mandula Theorem. Next, we build SUSY' algebra and representations (particularly, field representation). We then introduce the conceots of superspace and superfield, as well as supermultiplets and their invariants. Our next step is to examine simple models, in order to study auxiliary fields and the off-shell representations, to calculate the super-current and to show with super-graphs the loops cancelation (Wess-Zumino) and SUSY breaking (O'Raifeartaigh). Next, we obtain the supersymetric extension of the QED Lagrangean in to different ways, and them we are able to investigate symmetry breaking in supersymmetric gauge theories, and the appearance of Goldstone fermions. Finally, we study n-extended SUSY and the role of central charges, and examine SUSY in d > 4 dimensions and dimensional reduction. We end up with an introduction to Lie groups. (author)

  4. Introduction to variance estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Wolter, Kirk M

    2007-01-01

    We live in the information age. Statistical surveys are used every day to determine or evaluate public policy and to make important business decisions. Correct methods for computing the precision of the survey data and for making inferences to the target population are absolutely essential to sound decision making. Now in its second edition, Introduction to Variance Estimation has for more than twenty years provided the definitive account of the theory and methods for correct precision calculations and inference, including examples of modern, complex surveys in which the methods have been used successfully. The book provides instruction on the methods that are vital to data-driven decision making in business, government, and academe. It will appeal to survey statisticians and other scientists engaged in the planning and conduct of survey research, and to those analyzing survey data and charged with extracting compelling information from such data. It will appeal to graduate students and university faculty who...

  5. Introduction to Waste Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2011-01-01

    and chemicals, dramatically changing the types and composition of waste, and by urbanization making waste management in urban areas a complicated and costly logistic operation. This book focuses on waste that commonly appears in the municipal waste management system. This chapter gives an introduction to modern......Solid waste management is as old as human civilization, although only considered an engineering discipline for about one century. The change from the previous focus on public cleansing of the cities to modern waste management was primarily driven by industrialization, which introduced new materials...... waste management, including issues as waste definition, problems associated with waste, waste management criteria and approaches to waste management. Later chapters introduce aspects of engineering (Chapter 1.2), economics (Chapter 1.3) and regulation (Chapter 1.4)....

  6. Introduction to transonic aerodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Vos, Roelof

    2015-01-01

    Written to teach students the nature of transonic flow and its mathematical foundation, this book offers a much-needed introduction to transonic aerodynamics. The authors present a quantitative and qualitative assessment of subsonic, supersonic, and transonic flow around bodies in two and three dimensions. The book reviews the governing equations and explores their applications and limitations as employed in modeling and computational fluid dynamics.  Some concepts, such as shock and expansion theory, are examined from a numerical perspective. Others, including shock-boundary-layer interaction, are discussed from a qualitative point of view. The book includes 60 examples and more than 200 practice problems. The authors also offer analytical methods such as Method of Characteristics (MOC) that allow readers to practice with the subject matter.  The result is a wealth of insight into transonic flow phenomena and their impact on aircraft design, including compressibility effects, shock and expansion waves, sho...

  7. Morbillivirus Infections: An Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rory D. de Vries

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Research on morbillivirus infections has led to exciting developments in recent years. Global measles vaccination coverage has increased, resulting in a significant reduction in measles mortality. In 2011 rinderpest virus was declared globally eradicated – only the second virus to be eradicated by targeted vaccination. Identification of new cellular receptors and implementation of recombinant viruses expressing fluorescent proteins in a range of model systems have provided fundamental new insights into the pathogenesis of morbilliviruses, and their interactions with the host immune system. Nevertheless, both new and well-studied morbilliviruses are associated with significant disease in wildlife and domestic animals. This illustrates the need for robust surveillance and a strategic focus on barriers that restrict cross-species transmission. Recent and ongoing measles outbreaks also demonstrate that maintenance of high vaccination coverage for these highly infectious agents is critical. This introduction briefly summarizes the most important current research topics in this field.

  8. Introduction to cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Ryden, Barbara

    2002-01-01

    Introduction to Cosmology provides a rare combination of a solid foundation of the core physical concepts of cosmology and the most recent astronomical observations. The book is designed for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students and assumes no prior knowledge of general relativity. An emphasis is placed on developing the readers' physical insight rather than losing them with complex math. An approachable writing style and wealth of fresh and imaginative analogies from "everyday" physics are used to make the concepts of cosmology more accessible. The book is unique in that it not only includes recent major developments in cosmology, like the cosmological constant and accelerating universe, but also anticipates key developments expected in the next few years, such as detailed results on the cosmic microwave background.

  9. Introduction to mathematical physics

    CERN Document Server

    Vaughn, Michael T

    2007-01-01

    A comprehensive survey of all the mathematical methods that should be available to graduate students in physics. In addition to the usual topics of analysis, such as infinite series, functions of a complex variable and some differential equations as well as linear vector spaces, this book includes a more extensive discussion of group theory than can be found in other current textbooks. The main feature of this textbook is its extensive treatment of geometrical methods as applied to physics. With its introduction of differentiable manifolds and a discussion of vectors and forms on such manifolds as part of a first-year graduate course in mathematical methods, the text allows students to grasp at an early stage the contemporary literature on dynamical systems, solitons and related topological solutions to field equations, gauge theories, gravitational theory, and even string theory

  10. Solar energy an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Mackay, Michael E

    2015-01-01

    Solar Energy presents an introduction to all aspects of solar energy, from photovoltaic devices to active and passive solar thermal energy conversion, giving both a detailed and broad perspective of the field. It is aimed at the beginner involved in solar energy or a related field, or for someone wanting to gain a broader perspective of solar energy technologies. A chapter considering solar radiation, basic principles applied to solar energy, semiconductor physics, and light absorption brings the reader on equal footing with the technology of either solar generated electrical current or useful heat. Details of how a solar cell works and then production of current from a photovoltaic device is discussed. Characterization of a solar cell is examined, allowing one the ability to interpret the current-voltage relation, followed by discussion of parameter extraction from this relation. This information can be used to understand what limits the performance of a given solar cell with the potential to optimize its pe...

  11. Introduction to Complex Plasmas

    CERN Document Server

    Bonitz, Michael; Ludwig, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    Complex plasmas differ from traditional plasmas in many ways: these are low-temperature high pressure systems containing nanometer to micrometer size particles which may be highly charged and strongly interacting. The particles may be chemically reacting or be in contact with solid surfaces, and the electrons may show quantum behaviour. These interesting properties have led to many applications of complex plasmas in technology, medicine and science. Yet complex plasmas are extremely complicated, both experimentally and theoretically, and require a variety of new approaches which go beyond standard plasma physics courses. This book fills this gap presenting an introduction to theory, experiment and computer simulation in this field. Based on tutorial lectures at a very successful recent Summer Institute, the presentation is ideally suited for graduate students, plasma physicists and experienced undergraduates.

  12. Introduction to lattice QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, R.

    1998-12-31

    The goal of the lectures on lattice QCD (LQCD) is to provide an overview of both the technical issues and the progress made so far in obtaining phenomenologically useful numbers. The lectures consist of three parts. The author`s charter is to provide an introduction to LQCD and outline the scope of LQCD calculations. In the second set of lectures, Guido Martinelli will discuss the progress they have made so far in obtaining results, and their impact on Standard Model phenomenology. Finally, Martin Luescher will discuss the topical subjects of chiral symmetry, improved formulation of lattice QCD, and the impact these improvements will have on the quality of results expected from the next generation of simulations.

  13. Introduction to information retrieval

    CERN Document Server

    Manning, Christopher D; Schütze, Hinrich

    2008-01-01

    Class-tested and coherent, this textbook teaches classical and web information retrieval, including web search and the related areas of text classification and text clustering from basic concepts. It gives an up-to-date treatment of all aspects of the design and implementation of systems for gathering, indexing, and searching documents; methods for evaluating systems; and an introduction to the use of machine learning methods on text collections. All the important ideas are explained using examples and figures, making it perfect for introductory courses in information retrieval for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in computer science. Based on feedback from extensive classroom experience, the book has been carefully structured in order to make teaching more natural and effective. Slides and additional exercises (with solutions for lecturers) are also available through the book's supporting website to help course instructors prepare their lectures.

  14. Introduction to thermoelectricity

    CERN Document Server

    Goldsmid, H Julian

    2016-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of thermoelectric energy conversion. It covers both theory and practice. The book is timely as it refers to the many improvements that have come about in the last few years through the use of nanostructures. The concept of semiconductor thermoelements led to major advances during the second half of the twentieth century, making Peltier refrigeration a widely used technique. The latest materials herald thermoelectric generation as the preferred technique for exploiting low-grade heat. The book shows how progress has been made by increasing the thermal resistivity of the lattice until it is almost as large as it is for glass. It points the way towards the attainment of similar improvements in the electronic parameters. It does not neglect practical considerations, such as the desirability of making thermocouples from inexpensive and environmentally acceptable materials. The second edition was extended to also include recent advances in thermoelectric ener...

  15. Introduction to lattice QCD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The goal of the lectures on lattice QCD (LQCD) is to provide an overview of both the technical issues and the progress made so far in obtaining phenomenologically useful numbers. The lectures consist of three parts. The author's charter is to provide an introduction to LQCD and outline the scope of LQCD calculations. In the second set of lectures, Guido Martinelli will discuss the progress they have made so far in obtaining results, and their impact on Standard Model phenomenology. Finally, Martin Luescher will discuss the topical subjects of chiral symmetry, improved formulation of lattice QCD, and the impact these improvements will have on the quality of results expected from the next generation of simulations

  16. Photonics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Reider, Georg A

    2016-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive introduction into photonics, from the electrodynamic and quantum mechanic fundamentals to the level of photonic components and building blocks such as lasers, amplifiers, modulators, waveguides, and detectors. The book will serve both as textbook and as a reference work for the advanced student or scientist. Theoretical results are derived from basic principles with convenient, yet state-of-the-art mathematical tools, providing not only deeper understanding but also familiarization with formalisms used in the relevant technical literature and research articles. Among the subject matters treated are polarization optics, pulse and beam propagation, waveguides, light–matter interaction, stationary and transient behavior of lasers, semiconductor optics and lasers (including low-dimensional systems such as quantum wells), detector technology, photometry, and colorimetry. Nonlinear optics are elaborated comprehensively. The book is intended for both students of physics and elect...

  17. I-Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this report, each sector starts with an introduction presenting the state of each sector in Lebanon, followed by the methodology adopted in order to compute emissions of greenhouse gases by sources and removals by sinks, in accordance with IPCC guidelines, complemented by experts' assumptions in estimating greenhouse gases and finally accompanied by the IPCC sectoral tables which present the result obtained in each sector. The report ends with an 'Appendices' chapter which includes all worksheets, showing the computations made resulting in emitted or removed greenhouse gas quantities. This executive summary described in the IPCC summary presents the main results obtained in each sector. In the last paragraph, the global warming potential of the greenhouse gases emitted in Lebanon in 1994 is provided for three calculated time horizons, based on the '1995 IPCC technical summary of working group I' report. (au)

  18. Part 2: Applications. Introduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mok, G.C. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States). Fission Energy and Systems Safety Program; Chung, H.H. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Reactor Engineering Division

    1995-12-01

    As pointed out in the introduction of Part 1, the isolation strategy can be used to effectively decouple a structure from its environment and thus the structure can be protected from damaging seismic loads or unwanted vibrations and noises from the environment. The method has been used for solving vibration and shock problems in machinery and equipment for many years, but its application to the protection of structures from seismic loadings is relatively recent. Owing to the current interest generated by the Northridge and Kobe earthquakes, all but one of the papers in this publication deal with seismic isolation. The authors preview the papers in this section on the following applications of seismic isolation to: buildings, civil structures, industrial facilities, and nuclear plants.

  19. Part 2: Applications. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As pointed out in the introduction of Part 1, the isolation strategy can be used to effectively decouple a structure from its environment and thus the structure can be protected from damaging seismic loads or unwanted vibrations and noises from the environment. The method has been used for solving vibration and shock problems in machinery and equipment for many years, but its application to the protection of structures from seismic loadings is relatively recent. Owing to the current interest generated by the Northridge and Kobe earthquakes, all but one of the papers in this publication deal with seismic isolation. The authors preview the papers in this section on the following applications of seismic isolation to: buildings, civil structures, industrial facilities, and nuclear plants

  20. Introduction to thermoelectricity

    CERN Document Server

    Goldsmid, H Julian

    2010-01-01

    Introduction to Thermoelectricity is the latest work by Professor Julian Goldsmid drawing on his 55 years experience in the field. The theory of the thermoelectric and related phenomena is presented in sufficient detail to enable researchers to understand their observations and develop improved thermoelectric materials. The methods for the selection of materials and their improvement are discussed. Thermoelectric materials for use in refrigeration and electrical generation are reviewed. Experimental techniques for the measurement of properties and for the production of thermoelements are described. Special emphasis is placed on nanotechnology which promises to yield great improvements in the efficiency of thermoelectric devices. Chapters are also devoted to transverse thermoelectric effects and thermionic energy conversion, both techniques offering the promise of important applications in the future.

  1. Introduction to singularities

    CERN Document Server

    Ishii, Shihoko

    2014-01-01

    This book is an introduction to singularities for graduate students and researchers. It is said that algebraic geometry originated in the seventeenth century with the famous work Discours de la méthode pour bien conduire sa raison, et chercher la vérité dans les sciences by Descartes. In that book he introduced coordinates to the study of geometry. After its publication, research on algebraic varieties developed steadily. Many beautiful results emerged in mathematicians’ works. Most of them were about non-singular varieties. Singularities were considered “bad” objects that interfered with knowledge of the structure of an algebraic variety. In the past three decades, however, it has become clear that singularities are necessary for us to have a good description of the framework of varieties. For example, it is impossible to formulate minimal model theory for higher-dimensional cases without singularities. Another example is that the moduli spaces of varieties have natural compactification, the boundar...

  2. Introduction to multivariate discrimination

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Multivariate discrimination or classification is one of the best-studied problem in machine learning, with a plethora of well-tested and well-performing algorithms. There are also several good general textbooks [1-9] on the subject written to an average engineering, computer science, or statistics graduate student; most of them are also accessible for an average physics student with some background on computer science and statistics. Hence, instead of writing a generic introduction, we concentrate here on relating the subject to a practitioner experimental physicist. After a short introduction on the basic setup (Section 1) we delve into the practical issues of complexity regularization, model selection, and hyper-parameter optimization (Section 2), since it is this step that makes high-complexity non-parametric fitting so different from low-dimensional parametric fitting. To emphasize that this issue is not restricted to classification, we illustrate the concept on a low-dimensional but non-parametric regression example (Section 2.1). Section 3 describes the common algorithmic-statistical formal framework that unifies the main families of multivariate classification algorithms. We explain here the large-margin principle that partly explains why these algorithms work. Section 4 is devoted to the description of the three main (families of) classification algorithms, neural networks, the support vector machine, and AdaBoost. We do not go into the algorithmic details; the goal is to give an overview on the form of the functions these methods learn and on the objective functions they optimize. Besides their technical description, we also make an attempt to put these algorithm into a socio-historical context. We then briefly describe some rather heterogeneous applications to illustrate the pattern recognition pipeline and to show how widespread the use of these methods is (Section 5). We conclude the chapter with three essentially open research problems that are either

  3. Introduction to multivariate discrimination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kégl Balázs

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Multivariate discrimination or classification is one of the best-studied problem in machine learning, with a plethora of well-tested and well-performing algorithms. There are also several good general textbooks [1–9] on the subject written to an average engineering, computer science, or statistics graduate student; most of them are also accessible for an average physics student with some background on computer science and statistics. Hence, instead of writing a generic introduction, we concentrate here on relating the subject to a practitioner experimental physicist. After a short introduction on the basic setup (Section 1 we delve into the practical issues of complexity regularization, model selection, and hyperparameter optimization (Section 2, since it is this step that makes high-complexity non-parametric fitting so different from low-dimensional parametric fitting. To emphasize that this issue is not restricted to classification, we illustrate the concept on a low-dimensional but non-parametric regression example (Section 2.1. Section 3 describes the common algorithmic-statistical formal framework that unifies the main families of multivariate classification algorithms. We explain here the large-margin principle that partly explains why these algorithms work. Section 4 is devoted to the description of the three main (families of classification algorithms, neural networks, the support vector machine, and AdaBoost. We do not go into the algorithmic details; the goal is to give an overview on the form of the functions these methods learn and on the objective functions they optimize. Besides their technical description, we also make an attempt to put these algorithm into a socio-historical context. We then briefly describe some rather heterogeneous applications to illustrate the pattern recognition pipeline and to show how widespread the use of these methods is (Section 5. We conclude the chapter with three essentially open research problems

  4. Online, Batch and CICS Social Security Statement

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — A database that contains client preference information for the SSA initiated Social Security Statement as well as other data including SSN, disposition for paper SS...

  5. Arctic freshwater synthesis: Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prowse, T.; Bring, A.; Mârd, J.; Carmack, E.

    2015-11-01

    In response to a joint request from the World Climate Research Program's Climate and Cryosphere Project, the International Arctic Science Committee, and the Arctic Council's Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program, an updated scientific assessment has been conducted of the Arctic Freshwater System (AFS), entitled the Arctic Freshwater Synthesis (AFSΣ). The major reason for joint request was an increasing concern that changes to the AFS have produced, and could produce even greater, changes to biogeophysical and socioeconomic systems of special importance to northern residents and also produce extra-Arctic climatic effects that will have global consequences. Hence, the key objective of the AFSΣ was to produce an updated, comprehensive, and integrated review of the structure and function of the entire AFS. The AFSΣ was organized around six key thematic areas: atmosphere, oceans, terrestrial hydrology, terrestrial ecology, resources and modeling, and the review of each coauthored by an international group of scientists and published as separate manuscripts in this special issue of Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences. This AFSΣ—Introduction reviews the motivations for, and foci of, previous studies of the AFS, discusses criteria used to define the domain of the AFS, and details key characteristics of the definition adopted for the AFSΣ.

  6. Supraconductivité introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Mangin, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    La supraconductivité fait rêver, surtout depuis la découverte de son existence à des températures relativement accessibles. Ses applications sont déjà notables (Imagerie par Résonance Magnétique, futur ITER, NEUROSPIN, SQUID...) et des projets plus futuristes se développent (transport de courant, train en lévitation, moteurs). Le présent ouvrage propose une introduction solide, pour un public assez large. Le lecteur pourra s'initier à la théorie de London et aux équations de Pippard, puis étudier les supraconducteurs de type I et de type II (thermodynamique, magnétisme, dynamique de vortex, transport de courant...), les paires de Cooper et les résultats de la théorie BCS. L'étude de la cohérence et de la quantification du flux conduit à l'effet Josephson qui, avec le SQUID. est un bon exemple d'application. Le lecteur pourra combler certaines de ses lacunes grâce aux compléments, suivre le cheminement d'un modèle et s'approprier les concepts. Environ 250 illustrations en facilitent la...

  7. Chief Editors’ Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerry Carrington

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available It has been a great year for the journal:  our most successful ever. This edition marks three years of publication of the International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy. In 2015 the journal was selected for inclusion into Scopus and Web of Science data bases. This is a terrific success story and testimony to the high quality of the articles, the editorship, the reviewing and the international readership of the journal. We are grateful as ever to our distinguished International Editorial Board and all our reviewers who are anonymous to readers and authors due to the norms of blind peer reviewing. We also thank the out-going foundational co-editor-in-chief Reece Walters for his efforts in making this journal the success it is. The journal has now surpassed 150,000 abstract views and 100,000 full PDF downloads. This journal is one of only a few in the world of criminology to support fully on-line free-to-download articles, and to promote creative commons copyright: that is, authors’ rights to reproduce their own material. We support the democratisation of knowledge and are delighted to be leaders in high quality international journal publishing.Download the PDF file here for the Chief Editors’ introduction to this issue and be motivated by the eclectic and impressive range of topics offered by our contributors to read further.

  8. Introduction to the general relativity; Introduction a la relativite generale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radix, J.C.

    1994-12-31

    This work deals with the introduction of the general relativity including the introduction of the tensorial calculation, the Euclidean space in curvilinear coordinates, the Riemann space, the recalls and complements of the restricted relativity and the elements of the general relativity. (O.L.) 83 figs., 3 tabs.

  9. Introduction: Victorian Theatricalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Dobson

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available After a barrage of manipulative fan-letters from Sir Merton and Annie Russell-Cotes, Sir Henry Irving, titan of the Victorian stage and the first actor to be knighted, eventually came to stay, briefly, at East Cliff Hall in Bournemouth. A peculiar but attractive compound of Scots baronial castle, Italian villa, French château and Bournemouth seaside bungalow, complete with lavish Art Nouveau interiors and a fountain in the entrance lobby, the house was always designed in and of itself as a dramatic location and was also intended as a magnet for theatrical celebrities. Sir Merton and Annie amply stuffed it with nineteenth-century British paintings, miscellaneous sculptures, and souvenirs of their extensive overseas holidays. Today the Russell-Cotes Art Gallery and Museum remains the late Victorian treasure house par excellence, and I can imagine few more vivid short-cuts into the culture and mindset of the late nineteenth-century haute bourgeoisie than an afternoon spent marvelling at the tons of accumulated trophies and bibelots cluttering its rooms or the acres of tastefully-exposed nipples adorning its walls. What the Russell-Cotes Museum also makes clear, even at its gloomiest, is the key place of drama in the Victorian imagination. After Irving's death in 1905, the Russell-Cotes bought many of Irving's personal effects at auction. Adding these to their existing collection of Irving memorabilia and other theatrical paintings and souvenirs, they converted the bedroom in which Irving had stayed into a permanent shrine to his memory. The Henry Irving Room would make an ideal introduction to most of the contents of this volume.

  10. Introduction to Geomagnetic Fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinze, William J.

    Coincidentally, as I sat down in late October 2003 to read and review the second edition of Wallace H. Campbell's text, Introduction to Geomagnetic Fields, we received warnings from the news media of a massive solar flare and its possible effect on power supply systems and satellite communications. News programs briefly explained the source of Sun-Earth interactions. If you are interested in learning more about the physics of the connection between sun spots and power supply systems and their impact on orbiting satellites, I urge you to become acquainted with Campbell's book. It presents an interesting and informative explanation of the geomagnetic field and its applications to a wide variety of topics, including oil exploration, climate change, and fraudulent claims of the utility of magnetic fields for alleviating human pain. Geomagnetism, the study of the nature and processes of the Earth's magnetic fields and its application to the investigation of the Earth, its processes, and history, is a mature science with a well-developed theoretical foundation and a vast array of observations. It is discussed in varied detail in Earth physics books and most entry-level geoscience texts. The latter treatments largely are driven by the need to discuss paleomagnetism as an essential tool in studying plate tectonics. A more thorough explanation of geomagnetism is needed by many interested scientists in related fields and by laypersons. This is the objective of Campbell's book. It is particularly germane in view of a broad range of geomagnetic topics that are at the forefront of today's science, including environmental magnetism, so-called ``jerks'' observed in the Earth's magnetic field, the perplexing magnetic field of Mars, improved satellite magnetic field observations, and the increasing availability of high-quality continental magnetic anomaly maps, to name only a few.

  11. INTRODUCTION: GRADUATE STUDENT SCHOLARSHIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laverne Jacobs

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice is proud to publish issue 32 (1. This issue features a special section highlighting the scholarship of graduate students. While it is always a pleasure to read promising work by newer scholars in the fields of law and social justice, we are certain that this collection of articles represents some of the finest and thought-provoking scholarship stemming from current graduate students in law. The articles stem from a graduate student essay contest that WYAJ held in 2013 and for which we received many submissions. The collection of selected papers offers a view of legal and interdisciplinary research examining issues that are topically diverse but which are all of deep, long-term importance to the world of access to justice. A reader of the special section on Graduate Student Scholarship will find explorations of access to justice from the perspectives of equality rights, discretion, adjudication and methods of legal service delivery, to name a few. A prize was offered to two papers judged to be of exceptional quality. I am very pleased to announce that the winners of those two prizes are Andrew Pilliar, for his article “Exploring a Law Firm Business Model to Improve Access to Justice” and Blair A. Major, for his contribution, “Religion and Law in R v NS: Finding Space to Re-think the Balancing Analysis”. The Editorial Board thanks all those who submitted papers to the contest and to this final special issue of the Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice. Another notable feature of this issue is the introduction of a section called Research Notes. The Yearbook will periodically publish peer-reviewed research notes that present the findings of empirical (quantitative, qualitative or mixed method research studies. This section aims to contribute to the growing and important body of empirical scholarship within the realm of access to justice socio-legal research. We hope that you enjoy

  12. Fragment screening: an introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leach, Andrew R; Hann, Michael M; Burrows, Jeremy N; Griffen, Ed J

    2006-09-01

    There are clearly many different philosophies associated with adapting fragment screening into mainstream Drug Discovery Lead Generation strategies. Scientists at Astex, for instance, focus entirely on strategies involving use of X-ray crystallography and NMR. However, AstraZeneca uses a number of different fragment screening strategies. One approach is to screen a 2000 compound fragment set (with close to "lead-like" complexity) at 100 microM in parallel with every HTS such that the data are obtained on the entire screening collection at 10 microM plus the extra samples at 100 microM; this provides valuable compound potency data in a concentration range that is usually unexplored. The fragments are then screen-specific "privileged structures" that can be searched for in the rest of the HTS output and other databases as well as having synthesis follow-up. A typical workflow for a fragment screen within AstraZeneca is shown below (Figure 24) and highlights the desirability (particularly when screening >100 microM) for NMR and X-ray information to validate weak hits and give information on how to optimise them. In this chapter, we have provided an introduction to the theoretical and practical issues associated with the use of fragment methods and lead-likeness. Fragment-based approaches are still in an early stage of development and are just one of many interrelated techniques that are now used to identify novel lead compounds for drug development. Fragment based screening has some advantages, but like every other drug hunting strategy will not be universally applicable. There are in particular some practical challenges associated with fragment screening that relate to the generally lower level of potency that such compounds initially possess. Considerable synthetic effort has to be applied for post-fragment screening to build the sort of potency that would be expected to be found from a traditional HTS. However, if there are no low-hanging fruit in a screening

  13. An introduction to gas discharges

    CERN Document Server

    Howatson, A M

    2013-01-01

    An Introduction to Gas Discharges: Second Edition aims to provide a compact introduction to the subject of gas discharges, which continues to make both scientific and industrial progress. In this second edition, the author has made minor corrections, rewritten and expanded some sections, used SI units and modernized notions, in hopes of making the book more up to date. Included in the book is a short history of the subject, an introduction that enumerates the types of gas discharges, the fundamental processes, and then moves on to the more specific areas such as the breakdown, the self-sustai

  14. Introduction to indexing and abstracting

    CERN Document Server

    Cleveland, Ana

    2013-01-01

    Successful information access in the digital information age requires robust systems of indexing and abstracting. This book provides a complete introduction to the subject that covers the many recent changes in the field.

  15. An Introduction to Learning Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koper, Rob

    2005-01-01

    Koper, R. (2005). An Introduction to Learning Design. In: Koper, R. & Tattersall, C., Learning Design: A Handbook on Modelling and Delivering Networked Education and Training (pp. 3-20). Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

  16. Introduction to Indoor Air Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... US Environmental Protection Agency Search Search Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Share Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest Contact Us ... Indoor Air Quality An Introduction to Indoor Air Quality IAQ & Health Causes of IAQ Problems Identifying IAQ ...

  17. Elementary introduction to relativistic kinematics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper includes the most important results and applications of the theory of special relativity to high energy phenomena; it provides an analysis of the kinematics of particle decays and reactions as well as an introduction to the Lorentz group

  18. Introduction: The Power of Example

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højer, Lars; Bandak, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    It is the contention of this introduction that examples are important prisms through which both reality and anthropological analysis are thought and, equally importantly, reconfigured. The aim of the introduction is to redress the theoretical disregard for exemplification by exploring the persuas......It is the contention of this introduction that examples are important prisms through which both reality and anthropological analysis are thought and, equally importantly, reconfigured. The aim of the introduction is to redress the theoretical disregard for exemplification by exploring...... the persuasive and evocative power – positive and negative – of ‘examples’ in social and academic life while also proposing exemplification as a distinct anthropological way of theorizing. Such theorizing points to a ‘lateral’ rethinking of the relation between the particular and the general. Our central...

  19. Introduction to the Human Body

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Resources Archived Modules Updates Introduction to the Human Body Human beings are arguably the most complex organisms on ... for the benefit of the total being. The human body is a single structure but it is made ...

  20. Introduction to wind turbine aerodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Schaffarczyk, Alois Peter

    2014-01-01

    Wind-Turbine Aerodynamics is a self-contained textbook which shows how to come from the basics of fluid mechanics to modern wind turbine blade design. It presents a fundamentals of fluid dynamics and inflow conditions, and gives a extensive introduction into theories describing the aerodynamics of wind turbines. After introducing experiments the book applies the knowledge to explore the impact on blade design.The book is an introduction for professionals and students of very varying levels.

  1. Introduction to ordinary differential equations

    CERN Document Server

    Rabenstein, Albert L

    1966-01-01

    Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations is a 12-chapter text that describes useful elementary methods of finding solutions using ordinary differential equations. This book starts with an introduction to the properties and complex variable of linear differential equations. Considerable chapters covered topics that are of particular interest in applications, including Laplace transforms, eigenvalue problems, special functions, Fourier series, and boundary-value problems of mathematical physics. Other chapters are devoted to some topics that are not directly concerned with finding solutio

  2. An introduction to electrooptic devices

    CERN Document Server

    Kaminow, Ivan P

    1974-01-01

    An Introduction to Electrooptic Devices aims to present an introduction to the electrooptic effect and to summarize work on devices employing the electrooptic effect. The book provides the necessary background in classical crystal optics. The text then discusses topics including crystal symmetry, the tensor description of linear dielectric properties, propagation in anisotropic media, and passive crystal optic devices. The book also describes the phenomenological description of tensor nonlinear dielectric properties of crystals, with emphasis on the electrooptic effect; device design and appli

  3. Modern introduction to differential equations

    CERN Document Server

    Ricardo, Henry J

    2009-01-01

    A Modern Introduction to Differential Equations, Second Edition, provides an introduction to the basic concepts of differential equations. The book begins by introducing the basic concepts of differential equations, focusing on the analytical, graphical, and numerical aspects of first-order equations, including slope fields and phase lines. The discussions then cover methods of solving second-order homogeneous and nonhomogeneous linear equations with constant coefficients; systems of linear differential equations; the Laplace transform and its applications to the solution of differential equat

  4. Introduction to the quinoa dilemma

    OpenAIRE

    Friis Pedersen, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    Quinoa production and consumption have experienced a boom and may be called a great success. The boom affects economy, ecology and social relations, three important aspects of sustainability. These three key points will be discussed in the present introduction and a humble suggestion for sustainable approaches will be made where contradictions are found. The presentation was a short introduction to a panel taking place in Helsinki 12th of June 2015.

  5. An Introduction to Cognitive Musicology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haumann, Niels Trusbak

    2015-01-01

    This historical-scientific introduction to Cognitive Musicology introduces the 150 years of research and discoveries in the psychology of music that partly presuppose the more recent discipline of Cognitive Musicology. Atomistic, Gestalt, functionalist, testing, behaviorist, cognitive, and neuros......This historical-scientific introduction to Cognitive Musicology introduces the 150 years of research and discoveries in the psychology of music that partly presuppose the more recent discipline of Cognitive Musicology. Atomistic, Gestalt, functionalist, testing, behaviorist, cognitive...

  6. An introduction to fire dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Drysdale, Dougal

    2011-01-01

    "Drysdale's book is by far the most comprehensive - everyone in the office has a copy...now including me. It holds just about everything you need to know about fire science."(Review of An Introduction to Fire Dynamics, 2nd Edition) After 25 years as a bestseller, Dougal Drysdale's classic introduction has been brought up-to-date and expanded to incorporate the latest research and experimental data.  Homework problems are included, with solutions, and others are available on the accompanying website at www.wiley.com/go/drysdale. Essential reading for all involved in the field from undergraduate

  7. Solid state physics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Hofmann, Philip

    2015-01-01

    A must-have textbook for any undergraduate studying solid state physics. This successful brief course in solid state physics is now in its second edition. The clear and concise introduction not only describes all the basic phenomena and concepts, but also such advanced issues as magnetism and superconductivity. Each section starts with a gentle introduction, covering basic principles, progressing to a more advanced level in order to present a comprehensive overview of the subject. The book is providing qualitative discussions that help undergraduates understand concepts even if they can?t foll

  8. An Introduction to TTCN-3

    CERN Document Server

    Willcock, Colin; Tobies, Stephan; Keil, Stefan; Engler, Federico; Schulz, Stephan; Wiles, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    This unique book provides a fully revised and up-to-date treatment of the TTCN-3 language TTCN-3 is an internationally standardised test language with a powerful textual syntax which has established itself as a global, universal testing language. Application of TTCN-3 has been widened beyond telecommunication systems to areas such as the automotive industry, internet protocols, railway signalling, medical systems, and avionics.An Introduction to TTCN-3 gives a solid introduction to the TTCN-3 language and its uses, guiding readers though the TTCN-3 standards, methodologies and tools with examp

  9. Introduction to biomedical engineering technology

    CERN Document Server

    Street, Laurence J

    2011-01-01

    IntroductionHistory of Medical DevicesThe Role of Biomedical Engineering Technologists in Health CareCharacteristics of Human Anatomy and Physiology That Relate to Medical DevicesSummaryQuestionsDiagnostic Devices: Part OnePhysiological Monitoring SystemsThe HeartSummaryQuestionsDiagnostic Devices: Part TwoCirculatory System and BloodRespiratory SystemNervous SystemSummaryQuestionsDiagnostic Devices: Part ThreeDigestive SystemSensory OrgansReproductionSkin, Bone, Muscle, MiscellaneousChapter SummaryQuestionsDiagnostic ImagingIntroductionX-RaysMagnetic Resonance Imaging ScannersPositron Emissio

  10. Chaos a very short introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Leonard

    2007-01-01

    Chaos: A Very Short Introduction shows that we all have an intuitive understanding of chaotic systems. It uses accessible maths and physics (replacing complex equations with simple examples like pendulums, railway lines, and tossing coins) to explain the theory, and points to numerous examples in philosophy and literature (Edgar Allen Poe, Chang-Tzu, and Arthur Conan Doyle) that illuminate the problems. The beauty of fractal patterns and their relation to chaos, as well as the history of chaos, and its uses in the real world and implications for the philosophy of science are all discussed in this Very Short Introduction.

  11. Introduction to THz wave photonics

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, X-C

    2009-01-01

    Introduction to THz Wave Photonics examines the science and technology related to terahertz wave technologies, taking a dual approach between presenting the field 's history while simultaneously providing an overview of existing technology. The latest research in developing THz areas such as electromagnetic waves are presented, along with an introduction to continuous wave THz technology. Authors X.-C. Zhang and Jingzhou Xu place particular emphasis on pulsed THz technology, among many other facets of THz technology including: Complete coverage of THz wave spectroscopy and imagingA discussion

  12. Introduction to computers: Reference guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ligon, F.V.

    1995-04-01

    The ``Introduction to Computers`` program establishes formal partnerships with local school districts and community-based organizations, introduces computer literacy to precollege students and their parents, and encourages students to pursue Scientific, Mathematical, Engineering, and Technical careers (SET). Hands-on assignments are given in each class, reinforcing the lesson taught. In addition, the program is designed to broaden the knowledge base of teachers in scientific/technical concepts, and Brookhaven National Laboratory continues to act as a liaison, offering educational outreach to diverse community organizations and groups. This manual contains the teacher`s lesson plans and the student documentation to this introduction to computer course.

  13. An introduction to financial mathematics

    OpenAIRE

    Mármol, Maite

    2016-01-01

    The present document includes the slides used in the course Mathematics For Finance (International Business and Business Administration and Management). The course content is divided into five units: “Introduction: Some general ideas”, “Financial arrangements”, “Annuities”, “Loans” and “Bonds”

  14. Presentación (Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Gómez, Margarita

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Presentación del monográfico "Rey, sello y representación: el poder de la escritura y el documento en el gobierno de las Indias". Abstaract: Introduction of the monograph "King, seal and representation: the power of writing and document in the government of the Spanish Indies."

  15. Introduction to Computer Programming Languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bork, Alfred M.

    1971-01-01

    A brief introduction to computer programing explains the basic grammar of computer language as well as fundamental computer techniques. What constitutes a computer program is made clear, then three simple kinds of statements basic to the computational computer are defined: assignment statements, input-output statements, and branching statements. A…

  16. A Laboratory of Spring. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Witold Wachowski

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to a special issue published on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the premiere of 'The Rite of Spring' by Igor Stravinsky. The articles cover the field of musicology as well as history, philosophy, psychology, sociology, ethnography and cognitive science of music.

  17. An Introduction to Computational Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Tao

    2010-07-01

    Preface to first edition; Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. Introduction; 2. Approximation of a function; 3. Numerical calculus; 4. Ordinary differential equations; 5. Numerical methods for matrices; 6. Spectral analysis; 7. Partial differential equations; 8. Molecular dynamics simulations; 9. Modeling continuous systems; 10. Monte Carlo simulations; 11. Genetic algorithm and programming; 12. Numerical renormalization; References; Index.

  18. The Lisbon Agenda: An Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lice, Anita; Striedinger, Angelika; Scholz, Christine; Mac Sithigh, Daithi; Fenech, Justin; Miklavic, Klemen; Geven, Koen; Stambolieva, Marija; Haslinger, Susi

    2006-01-01

    This handbook is an introduction to Lisbon Agenda and it is presented as a basis for ESIB's (The National Unions of Students in Europe) concerted work on the European Union's all-embracing strategy that is changing the parameters of the education systems. The reason for the existence of this handbook is the necessity to coordinate the work on all…

  19. A General Introduction to Microcomputers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muiznieks, Viktors

    This basic introduction to microcomputers provides the neophyte with the terminology, definitions, and concepts that explain the microcomputer and computing technology in general. Mathematical operations with binary numbers, computer storage, controlling logic, and the concepts of stack and interrupt are explained. (RAO)

  20. AN INTRODUCTION TO HINDI SYNTAX.

    Science.gov (United States)

    KACHRU, YAMUNA

    AN INTRODUCTION TO HINDI SYNTAX IS PRESENTED FOR TEACHING THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE OF HINDI TO NON-HINDI SPEAKING LEARNERS OF THE LANGUAGE. THE ANALYSIS OF THE ELEMENTS OF THE HINDI SENTENCE AND OF SENTENCE TYPES WAS MADE BY USE OF TRANSFORMATIONAL GRAMMATICAL THEORY. THE MANUAL IS INTENDED FOR THE USE OF TEACHERS AND STUDENTS WHO ARE ACQUAINTED…

  1. Introduction to mathematical fluid dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Richard E

    2010-01-01

    An introduction to the behavior of liquids and gases, this volume provides excellent coverage of kinematics, momentum principle, Newtonian fluid, rotating fluids, compressibility, and more. It is geared toward advanced undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics and general science, and it requires a background in calculus and vector analysis. 1971 edition.

  2. Freud's "On Narcissism: An Introduction"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crockatt, Philip

    2006-01-01

    The author reviews Freud's (1914) seminal paper "On narcissism: an introduction". Freud's paper is briefly set in the historical context of the evolution of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic theories, and Freud's metapsychology up to the publication of his Narcissism paper is outlined. A detailed and comprehensive description of the content of the…

  3. An Introduction to Continued Fractions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Charles G.

    Provided is an introduction to the properties of continued fractions for the intellectually curious high school student. Among the topics included are (1) Expansion of Rational Numbers into Simple Continued Fractions, (2) Convergents, (3) Continued Fractions and Linear Diophantine Equations of the Type am + bn = c, (4) Continued Fractions and…

  4. Introduction to QCD Sum Rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominguez, C. A.

    2013-08-01

    A general, and very basic introduction to QCD sum rules is presented, with emphasis on recent issues to be described at length in other papers in this issue. Collectively, these papers constitute the proceedings of the International Workshop on Determination of the Fundamental Parameters of QCD, Singapore, March 2013.

  5. Introduction to nanomedicine and nanobioengineering

    CERN Document Server

    Prasad, Paras N

    2012-01-01

    This book is an introduction to the emerging field of nanomedicine and its applications to health care. It describes the many multidisciplinary challenges facing nanomedicine and discusses the required collaboration between chemists, physicists, engineers and clinicians. The book introduces the reader to nanomedicine's vast potential to improve and extend human life through the application of nanomaterials in diagnosis and treatment of disease.

  6. Introduction to dusty plasma physics

    CERN Document Server

    Shukla, PK

    2001-01-01

    Introduction to Dusty Plasma Physics contains a detailed description of the occurrence of dusty plasmas in our Solar System, the Earth''s mesosphere, and in laboratory discharges. The book illustrates numerous mechanisms for charging dust particles and provides studies of the grain dynamics under the influence of forces that are common in dusty plasma environments.

  7. Introduction of the risk analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An introduction of risks analysis was given in the exposition which main issues were: food innocuousness, world, regional and national food context,change of paradigms, health definition, risk, codex, standardization, food chain role, trade agreement, codex alimentarius, food transmission diseases cost impact

  8. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dahlerup, D.; Leyenaar, M.H.

    2013-01-01

    This chapter introduces the core question of this book: how male dominance has been changed—or not changed—and defines ‘old democracies’. It challenges the time-lag theory. Furthermore, it explains the book’s methodological approach as well as its level of analysis and focus. In the chapter, a new c

  9. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lardinois, A.P.M.H.; Levie, S.A.; Hoeken, H.; Lüthy, C.H.

    2014-01-01

    The papers collected in this volume study the function and meaning of narrative texts from a variety of perspectives. The word 'text' is used here in the broadest sense of the term: it denotes literary books, but also oral tales, speeches, newspaper articles and comics. One of the purposes of this v

  10. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lardinois, A.P.M.H.; Levie, S.A.; Hoeken, H.; Lüthy, C.H.

    2015-01-01

    The papers collected in this volume study the function and meaning of narrative texts from a variety of perspectives. The word 'text' is used here in the broadest sense of the term: it denotes literary books, but also oral tales, speeches, newspaper articles and comics. One of the purposes of this v

  11. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Doquet, Anne; Evrard, Olivier

    2008-01-01

    “(...) -a lonely planet but a crowded stage”. Victor Alneng (2002 : 127) Depuis plusieurs décennies, on assiste un peu partout dans le monde à un développement sans précédent de la mobilité touristique impliquant des flux à la fois humains, techniques, financiers et culturels. Longtemps, deux attitudes ont prévalu au sein des sciences sociales, notamment francophones, à l’égard de ce phénomène. La première considérait le tourisme comme un objet mineur, sinon trivial; la seconde y voyait la si...

  12. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Odile Daurmont

    2011-01-01

    Même si sa perception voire son intensité se sont parfois estompées, la politisation est une caractéristique permanente de l'administration publique belge. Il faut dire que ce phénomène n'est pas propre à nos institutions mais est quasi universel.Que la gestion des affaires publiques fasse l'objet de choix politiques, n'est pas répréhensible en soi. Il appartient en effet aux hommes politiques, ministres, bourgmestres... d'opérer de tels choix. Ils sont mandatés à cette fin. Ce qui est illégi...

  13. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Daurmont, Odile

    2012-01-01

    Même si sa perception voire son intensité se sont parfois estompées, la politisation est une caractéristique permanente de l'administration publique belge. Il faut dire que ce phénomène n'est pas propre à nos institutions mais est quasi universel. Que la gestion des affaires publiques fasse l'objet de choix politiques, n'est pas répréhensible en soi. Il appartient en effet aux hommes politiques, ministres, bourgmestres... d'opérer de tels choix. Ils sont mandatés à cette fin. Ce qui est illég...

  14. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Forgács, Éva

    2013-01-01

    IN APRIL 1919 the Bauhaus opened Its doors in Weimar, under the directorship of the architect Walter Gropius. It was the successor Institute to the Grand Ducal Saxon Art Academy and the Grand Ducal School of Arts and Crafts, the latter having been shut down at the outbreak of the World War. Our first statement about the Bauhaus already contains the seeds of a conflict: the former Weimar Academy of Fine Arts, with its long tradition of landscape painting, was now renamed and headed by an archi...

  15. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Pascal BRIDEL; Dal-Pont Legrand, Muriel

    2012-01-01

    Considéré comme un pionnier de la théorie moderne des cycles, la renommée de Clément Juglar (1819-1905) est aujourd’hui essentiellement associée au cycle qui porte son nom et, pour les plus avertis seulement, à ses efforts pour identifier la périodicité de ce qu’il considérait alors encore comme des crises commerciales. La nature exacte de sa contribution à l’économie politique est en fait plus diverse qu’il ne peut y paraître au premier abord. Bien entendu, son intérêt pour la compréhension ...

  16. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bart Beaty

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available When we want to be unkind to the tradition of comics studies we compare it to the work accomplished in other disciplines. Academic areas with higher levels of cultural credibility, longer institutional histories, and superior resources continue to dwarf comics studies in almost every imaginable way. Even in a comparison with cinema, an art form that is its rough contemporary, comics pales badly. Indeed, one could argue that comics studies in 2009 exists in a state comparable to film studies i...

  17. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter presents the monograph content. It is defined that rational using of petroleum and its fractions is very important for economy and ecology. It is found that on the basis of sulfur containing compounds it is possible to obtain the ageing and corrosion inhibitors, dyes, floatation agents polymers and other products.

  18. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Filipe Carreira da

    2011-01-01

    George Herbert Mead is the only sociological classic who never wrote a book. In 1911, he came close to publishing his first book. But at the last minute, with already the galley proofs in his hands, he changed his mind. He kept writing regularly for scientific journals, for edited books and newspapers, but he never wrote himself a book. Neither did he collect his numerous writings in book form. The implications of this circumstance were serious. For the most part, the texts that granted Mead ...

  19. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Team, Editorial

    2013-01-01

    CONTEXT / İÇİNDEKİLER   Felsefe Gurubu Dersleri (Psikoloji, Sosyoloji, Mantık) Öğretim Programları ve LYS Sorularının Karşılaştırmalı Analizi Philosophy Comparative Analysis of Philosophy Group Courses (Psychology, Sociology, Logic) Curriculums and Undergraduate Placement Exam (LYS) Questions Baykal BİÇER 1 – 14 Predicting the Geometry Knowledge of Pre-Service Elementary Teachers Sınıf Öğretmeni Adaylarının Geometri Bilgilerinin Yordanması Asuman DUATEPE AKSU 15 – 27 Professional Music ...

  20. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Micollier, Evelyne

    2004-01-01

    Using case-studies from East and Southeast Asia, the book examines sexuality and AIDS-related sexual risk in the context of Asian cultures. It offers a complementary perspective, documented with sociological and anthropological data, to historical studies and looks at commercial sex work, kinship systems, matrimonial strategies, gender, power relations, and the relevance of cultural constructs such as Confucianism and Taoism for the analysis of sexual cultures in Asia.

  1. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Douw

    2015-01-01

    This special issue contains a selection of articles, produced from papers presented at a workshop under the title Border Societies, Chinese descendants in East Asia under Japanese colonialism, 1895-1945, convened in Macao on 25 June 2013. Its purpose is to contribute to the writing of a global histo

  2. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Kohler-Koch, Beate; Larat, Fabrice

    2008-01-01

    "'Efficient and Democratic Governance in the European Union' was the topic investigated by the international research project CONNEX during the four years (2004-2008) of its life time. Multi-level governance stands for the high interdependence of political responsibilities executed at regional, national and European levels in close collaboration of public and private actors. Efficiency and democratic legitimacy are not easily attained since multi-level governance incites complexity. Furthermo...

  3. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahonen, Pasi; Alahuhta, Petteri; Daskala, Barbara; Delaitre, Sabine; Hert, Paul De; Lindner, Ralf; Maghiros, Ioannis; Moscibroda, Anna; Schreurs, Wim; Verlinden, Michiel

    The brave new world of ambient intelligence is almost upon us. Ambient intelligence is the phrase coined to describe a world in which "intelligence" is embedded in virtually everything around us. It has been called an Internet of things, where radio frequency identification (RFID) tags are attached to all products. It is a world of smart dust with networked sensors and actuators so small as to be virtually invisible, where the clothes you wear, the paint on your walls, the carpets on your floor, and the paper money in your pocket have a computer communications capability. It is a 4G world where today's mobile phone is transformed into a terminal capable of receiving television, accessing the Internet, downloading music, reading RFIDs, taking pictures, enabling interactive video telephony, and much more. It is a world of convergence, where heterogeneous devices are able to communicate seamlessly across today's disparate networks, a world of machine learning and intelligent software, where computers monitor our activities, routines and behaviours to predict what we will do or want next. In the brave new world of ambient intelligence, we will never have to worry about losing track of our children because they will have a location device implanted under the skin or, if they are squeamish about that, then at least they will have one in their wristwatch.

  4. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Dulong de Rosnay, Melanie; Martin, Juan Carlos

    2013-01-01

    In a context of extension of copyright duration and scope, the public domain is at risk, and with it, the vibrant expression of our culture and democracies. A group of academic and think-tank researchers, librarians, government representatives, museum curators, copyright and human rights activists, information technology entrepreneurs and non-profits worked between 2007 and 2011 to understand the notion of the public domain. Often lacking a positive definition, this concept has been poorly re...

  5. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Centlivres, Pierre; Fabre, Daniel; Zonabend, Françoise

    2015-01-01

    En cette fin de siècle, alors que s’éloignent les « grands récits » historiques avec les idéologies qui les justifiaient, et que la désespérance économique s’installe, bien des discours sur le monde semblent se rallier à une sorte de millénarisme à l’envers. L’apocalypse est en marche, une apocalypse sans éclat, sans espérance et sans messie qui emporte la notion même de grandeur. Aucun homme parmi les hommes ne semble pouvoir se dresser contre le cours des temps, incarner un idéal créateur, ...

  6. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Graauw, T.

    2010-01-01

    First of all, I would like to wish all of you an happy New Year, which I sincerely hope will bring you success, happiness and interesting new opportunities. For us in ALMA, the end of 2009 and the beginning of 2010 have been very exciting and this is once more a special moment in the development of our observatory. After transporting our third antenna to the high altitude Chajnantor plateau, at 5000 meters above sea level, our team successfully combined the outputs of these antennas using "phase closure", a standard method in interferometry. This achievement marks one more milestone along the way to the beginning of Commissioning and Science Verification, CSV, which, once completed, will mark the beginning of Early Science for ALMA. There was an official announcement about this milestone at the AAS meeting early January and we also wanted to share this good news with you through this newsletter, which contains the content of the announcement. In another area, this newsletter contains the progress on site and a presentation of the Atacama Compact Array (ACA). This is the second part of a two part series on antennas, a continuation of the article in the last newsletter. The ACA plays a crucial part in the imaging of extended sources with ALMA. Without the ACA, the ability to produce accurate images would be very restricted. Finally, as you know, we like to show the human face of this great endeavour we are building and this time, we decided to highlight the Department of Technical Services, another fundamental piece working actively to make ALMA the most powerful radio observatory ever built.

  7. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc-Éric Bobillier Chaumon

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available L’importance des technologies d’information demeure toujours d’actualité, car elle concerne directement la gestion des activités de travail par les professionnels, les liens avec l’évolution des conditions de travail et les conséquences sur la santé et le bien-être des salariés. De l’informatique des années 1960 aux technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC, fruits de la convergence numérique : où en est-on de la diffusion des TIC dans les entreprises et dans les administrati...

  8. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Delouche

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Mesdames et Messieurs, mes chers collègues,Je ne peux, pour ouvrir ce nouveau colloque organisé par le Centre d’Études balkaniques, bien peu de temps d’ailleurs après celui qui a été consacré aux relations bilatérales entre deux pays, si proches et si lointains parfois, la Grèce et la Turquie, que me réjouir du travail fait par tous mes collègues, enseignants-chercheurs de l’INALCO, ceci d’autant plus que, par-delà le thème qui va être traité maintenant, ils prouvent, les uns et les autres, q...

  9. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assmann, R. W.; Ferrario, M.

    2016-09-01

    Particle accelerators are a field of continuing and growing success. Today about 30,000 accelerators are operated with various types of particles, including electrons, positrons, protons, neutrinos and various kinds of ions. These particles are used for the investigation of fundamental particles and forces in our universe. In parallel a fast growing field of accelerator-based photon science has developed since the 1970"s. Modern particle beams produce unique photon pulses that are used in ground-breaking studies on fast processes in chemistry and biology, on structures of viruses and bacteria, on the phenomenon of multi-resistivity to medication, on the functioning of photo-synthesis at the electronic level and on other important challenges for human mankind. Last not least, numerous particle accelerators are being used every day for industrial and medical applications, including the irradiation of tumors in human patients.

  10. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms; Bohlinger, Sandra; Haake, Ulrika;

    2015-01-01

    of local communities and workplaces. Current challenges set compelling requirements for the working and learning of the members of communities. Over the past decades of adult, professional and vocational education research, researchers have increasingly addressed globalisation and its political, value...... and the desires of workers” (ibid., p. 5). This book contributes to the current discussion on the global developments of working and learning in the fields of adult, professional and vocational education in Europe. These developments are full of paradoxes and contradictions, as Bratton et al. (2008) point out...... in their critical examination of workplace learning in advanced capitalist economies. It is therefore not an easy task to envision the future work and the learning options it will eventually offer to workers. We are living in times of uncertainty regarding the adult educational challenges on all societal levels...

  11. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Binsbergen, van W.M.J.

    2003-01-01

    This volume brings together fifteen essays investigating aspects of interculturality. Published between 1969 and 2002, the essays operate at the borderline between anthropology and intercultural philosophy. Ethnographic data are derived from field research carried out in Tunisia, Zambia and Botswana

  12. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henrik; Andersen, Ole Winckler; White, Howard

    2012-01-01

    The focus on results in development agencies has led to increased focus on impact evaluation to demonstrate the effectiveness of development programmes. A range of methods are available for counterfactual analysis of infrastructure interventions, as illustrated by the variety of papers in this vo...

  13. Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whyte, William Foote

    1989-01-01

    Defines Participatory Action Research (PAR) as involving practitioners in the research process and building objectives into the research design. Discusses the history of organizational behavior research, listing the lessons learned from the Hawthorne study. Views current research as following either the course of "normal social science" or…

  14. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Roncaglia, Sara

    2015-01-01

    This book is an ethnographic analysis of a local workers cooperative in Mumbai: the Nutan Mumbai Tiffin Box Suppliers Charity Trust (NMTBSCT). This enterprise employs up to 5,000 dabbawalas, who have been delivering 200,000 lunch-dabbas daily to students, office workers and factory workers since the end of the nineteenth century. A dabba, also known as a “tiffin”, is a specially designed circular steel box made up of three separate sections that fit together to form a cylinder of about 20 cm ...

  15. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mintz, Joseph; Aagaard, Morten

    2012-01-01

    We map out the objectives of the HANDS project, with its key focus on developing a suite of mobile apps (the HANDS toolkit) that could help young people with autism spectrum disorders to develop social and daily life skills. They outline the design of the HANDS system, including its innovative use...

  16. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. de Wilde

    2008-01-01

    This year, on December 10, it will be exactly 60 years since the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Declaration's aim was togive all ‘members of the human family', regardless of sex, race, nationality, and class, legal protection agains

  17. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Primož Vitez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette édition spéciale de Linguistica s'adresse à Vladimir Pogačnik, linguiste, professeur, traducteur et homme de théâtre qui fête cette année son soixante-dixième anniversaire.

  18. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Egbert, Maria; Deppermann, Arnulf

    2012-01-01

    dimensions has advanced tremendously. Still, the social reaction to hearing loss is frequently stress, withdrawal and isolation. Despite the enormous technological development, most people who could benefit from a hearing aid do not use it. The goal of this edited volume is to present a theoretically founded...

  19. Introduction.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stobbelaar, D.J.; Mansvelt, van J.D.

    1997-01-01

    This special issue of Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment contains the work done in the framework of the EU-concerted action programme "The nature and landscape production capacity of organic/sustainable types of agriculture". The aim of this concerted action is to define proposals to extend the E

  20. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Miaux, Sylvie

    2013-01-01

    À l’intérieur des villes, le mouvement est partout ; à chaque coin de rue, voitures, autobus, scooters, piétons, poussettes, cyclistes… se croisent, se frôlent, s’évitent et parfois même s’entrechoquent. La vitesse paraît avoir pris le dessus, à tel point qu’on ne parle plus en termes de distance mais en fonction de la durée du déplacement. La distance n’étant plus considérée comme un obstacle majeur, les relations de l’individu à l’espace ont profondément changé. Les déplacements quotidiens ...

  1. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feltes Thomas

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the three-year European-wide research project “Gender-based Violence, Stalking and Fear of Crime” (2009-2011 was to verify this hypothesis and to collect, analyse and compare relevant data in five European countries. The EU project, which has been funded through the program “Prevention of and Fight against Crime” and initiated by the EU Commission on General Justice, Freedom and Security, was coordinated by the Department of Criminology at the Ruhr University Bochum in Germany. In addition, the consortium covers the University of Bologna, Jagiellonian University in Cracow/Poland, Universitát Autonoma de Barcelona/Spain and Keele University in the U.K.The victimisation of young women through sexual harassment, stalking and sexual violence, along with their fear of crime, and their need for support, were the subject of an online questionnaire made available at universities in Germany, Italy, Spain, Poland and Britain.

  2. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Feltes Thomas

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the three-year European-wide research project “Gender-based Violence, Stalking and Fear of Crime” (2009-2011) was to verify this hypothesis and to collect, analyse and compare relevant data in five European countries. The EU project, which has been funded through the program “Prevention of and Fight against Crime” and initiated by the EU Commission on General Justice, Freedom and Security, was coordinated by the Department of Criminology at the Ruhr University Bochum in Germany. In...

  3. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Thoraya Ahmed Obaid

    2007-01-01

    I have the great pleasure of introducing this special issue of Forced Migration Review. This edition builds on the momentum generated by the International Symposiumon Sexual Violence in Conflict and Beyond, convened inJune 2006 in Brussels by the United Nations PopulationFund (UNFPA), the Government of Belgium and theEuropean Commission.

  4. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoann Boget

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available « Le conflit est la mouche du coche de la pensée.Il stimule l’observation et la mémoire. »John DeweyLa fin de la guerre froide a marqué l’émergence de nouveaux types de conflictualités : terrorisme (attentats du 11 septembre 2001, guerres « préventives » (en Afghanistan ou en Irak, etc. Les conflits armés prennent des formes nouvelles, interrogent la légitimité de l’action des démocraties impliquées, et obligent à un travail de redéfinition juridique au niveau mondial (Walzer, 1977 et MacMa...

  5. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine Faure

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Au fil de ses cinq saisons de diffusion sur le réseau nord-américain HBO (2002-2008, la série américaine The Wire (« Sur écoute » dans sa version française a discrètement construit un succès critique qui lui permet, alors qu’elle s’est aujourd’hui achevée, d’enfin élargir son public. Néanmoins, si elle étend sa capacité de diffusion, la série n’en est pas pour autant projetée sur tous les écrans européens ou latino-américains. Loin de là. Sur le Vieux-Continent, The Wire commence à peine à...

  6. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Breindahl, Charlie; Mackinney-Valentin, Maria; Engholm, Ida;

    2015-01-01

    In this volume of Artifact, we wish to explore design through the design concept, and thereby the societal praxis of designers through the theoretical concept of design. Design is praxis, but it is also formed by the way we frame the concept of design. We have endeavoured to give space for a rath...

  7. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Cassata, Francesco

    2013-01-01

    Francis Galton’s gospel was quickly spread around the world. In 1924, a report of the International Commission of Eugenics published in Eugenical News listed fifteen countries in which eugenics had assumed an institutional form: England, Germany, the United States, Italy, France, Belgium, Switzerland, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, Czechoslovakia, Norway, Argentina, Cuba and Russia; countries that were cooperating with the International Commission included Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Mexico, Venezue...

  8. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Van Heuven, Vincent J.; Quené, Hugo

    2004-01-01

    "Siebout Govaert Nooteboom (Sieb, [sip]) was born 65 years ago (19 April, 1939) in Makassar on the isle of Celebes (now Sulawesi), in the former Dutch East Indies, which is now part of the Republik Indonesia. Nooteboom obtained obtained a BA degree (kandidaats-examen, in 1963) in Dutch Language and Literature at Leiden University, and then specialised in General Linguistics at the same university (MA degree, doctoraal-examen, in 1966). In 1972 Nooteboom defended his doctoral dissertation enti...

  9. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Zorc Maver, Darja

    2010-01-01

    The articles in this issue were assembled for the purpose of calling attention to the modern trends of the exclusion of young people from various social fields – the labour market and employment, the healthcare system, education – and in this way stir social conscience and encourage a sense of responsibility that society has to these young people.

  10. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphaël Baroni

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available On parle souvent de « structure musicale » à propos de l’art romanesque, sans, d’ailleurs, toujours très bien savoir ce que l’on doit exactement entendre par là ; mais on évoque moins souvent l’idée qu’en elle-même la musique se développe selon des schémas comparables à ceux d’une intrigue romanesque. Sans même chercher à tout prix à évoquer la musique « à programme » – dont les liens avec la littérature sont souvent naïfs, quand ils ne sont pas carrément contredits et dépassés par la force m...

  11. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte Borie

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Profondément ancré dans les préoccupations de son époque, Jane Eyre a pourtant l’intemporalité des chefs-d’œuvre canoniques, et surtout la puissance d’évocation et de continuation de toutes les grandes figures originelles. Après un premier échec littéraire avec The Professor, Charlotte Brontë parvient, en 1847, à publier un roman qui fait immédiatement parler de lui et ne s’attire que des réactions passionnées. Beaucoup de critiques détestent ce texte invraisemblable sans identité propre, ne ...

  12. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luhmann, J. G.; Tatrallyay, M.

    Venus and Mars, our neighboring planets, have a long history in the human consciousness. Venus, in particular, was notable because of its brightness compared to other star-like objects in the sky. The first observations of Venus on record may be those enscribed by Babylonians on the famous "Venus tablet" in the British museum, which has been dated to ˜1700 BC. Venus has generally been associated with the female gender, except in ancient India. The name comes from the Roman goddess of love and beauty (analogous to the Babylonian Ishtar and the Greek Aphrodite). Venus was first thought by the Greeks to be two objects—a morning star "Phosphorus" and an evening star "Hesperus". Phythagoras, in 6 BC, is credited with being first to recognize they were the same object. Venus has since figured prominently in the history of physics and astronomy. The Greek Aristarchus first suggested (in ˜310-250 BC) that the planets move around the sun, but the idea lost favor to a theory of Ptolemy, which placed Earth at the center of the solar system. In the 9th-15th centuries, Arab astronomers studied Venus, and in the "new world," the Mayas used it in the organization of their calendar. In 1543, Copernicus finally published his own version of Aristarchus' vision of a heliocentric solar system, but it was probably not until Galileo, in ˜1610, telescopically observed that Venus had phases like the moon, that heliocentric theory was widely accepted (despite delays associated with the prevailing religious dogma). He announced that momentous discovery in a coded message to his contemporary Kepler (a usual practice of the time), which translated to "the mother of the loves imitates the phases of Cynthia".

  13. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vliet, van B.J.M.; Spaargaren, G.; Oosterveer, P.J.M.

    2010-01-01

    This chapter introduces what the social sciences can offer to sanitation and the challenges that lay ahead of providing sustainable access to sanitation to billions of people in both the Western as well as the developing world. It outlines three social scientific perspectives to the sanitation chall

  14. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muchie, Mammo; Baskaran, Angathevar

    2006-01-01

    officials. The case studies show different countries wrestling with the problem, some doing better and some worse. This is a fascinating and important book." Richard R. Nelson, George Blumenthal, Professor Emeritus of International and Public Affairs, Business, and Law, Columbia University, New York, USA....

  15. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Balding, David J.; Gastwirth, Joseph L.

    2003-01-01

    The word "statistics" derives from the collection and use of data to assist in the administration of a state (nation). The justice system is one of the fundamental pillars of a state, and is central to the political life of most countries. Ideas from probability and statistics have been used to try to model and improve methods of legal decision-making since the earliest days of our discipline in the 16th and 17th centuries. More recently, the debate over the Bayesian statistica...

  16. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oded Rabinovitch

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Le dossier ici présenté au lecteur se veut une occasion d’ouvrir et d’élargir la discussion autour de « Sauver le Grand-Siècle ». Il ne s’agit pas d’une étude de réception ou pire, d’un « méta-compte rendu » qui aurait présomptueusement la prétention de conclure le débat en tranchant entre les divers points de vue. Au contraire, le fait de regrouper une partie des comptes rendus édités dans des publications très diverses permet de faire émerger des questions, des suggestions et des manières d...

  17. [Introduction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerard, Adrienne; van den Bogaard, Alberts

    2008-01-01

    Along with the international trends in history of computing, Dutch contributions over the past twenty years moved away from a focus on machinery to the broader scope of use of computers, appropriation of computing technologies in various traditions, labour relations and professionalisation issues, and, lately, software. It is only natural that an emerging field like computer science sets out to write its genealogy and canonise the important steps in its intellectual endeavour. It is fair to say that a historiography diverging from such "home" interest, started in 1987 with the work of Eda Kranakis--then active in The Netherlands--commissioned by the national bureau for technology assessment, and Gerard Alberts, turning a commemorative volume of the Mathematical Center into a history of the same institute. History of computing in The Netherlands made a major leap in the spring of 1994 when Dirk de Wit, Jan van den Ende and Ellen van Oost defended their dissertations, on the roads towards adoption of computing technology in banking, in science and engineering, and on the gender aspect in computing. Here, history of computing had already moved from machines to the use of computers. The three authors joined Gerard Alberts and Onno de Wit in preparing a volume on the rise of IT in The Netherlands, the sequel of which in now in preparation in a team lead by Adrienne van den Bogaard. Dutch research reflected the international attention for professionalisation issues (Ensmenger, Haigh) very early on in the dissertation by Ruud van Dael, Something to do with computers (2001) revealing how occupations dealing with computers typically escape the pattern of closure by professionalisation as expected by the, thus outdated, sociology of professions. History of computing not only takes use and users into consideration, but finally, as one may say, confronts the technological side of putting the machine to use, software, head on. The groundbreaking works of the 2000 Paderborn meeting and by Martin Campbell-Kelly resonate in work done in The Netherlands and recently in a major research project sponsored by the European Science Foundation: Software for Europe. The four contributions to this issue offer a true cross-section of ongoing history of computing in The Netherlands. Gerard Alberts and Huub de Beer return to the earliest computers at the Mathematical Center. As they do so under the perspective of using the machines, the result is, let us say, remarkable. Adrienne van den Bogaard compares the styles of software as practiced by Van der Poel and Dijkstra: so much had these two pioneers in common, so different the consequences they took. Frank Veraart treats us with an excerpt from his recent dissertation on the domestication of the micro computer technology: appropriation of computing technology is shown by the role of intermediate actors. Onno de Wit, finally, gives an account of the development, prior to internet, of a national data communication network among large scale users and its remarkable persistence under competition with new network technologies. PMID:22586752

  18. Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Brian Olshansky

    2005-01-01

    @@ It is a great honor to introduce the first arrhythmia issue of the Journal of Geriatric Cardiology. One goal of this Issue is to encourage discourse between East and West and to provide contrasts in management philosophies. The contributors representing some of the prominent in their field from the East and from the West do just this. Several contributors from the West have had prior experience in the East so they can understand cultural difference that might affect medical management approaches.

  19. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Per Anker; Nielsen, Susanne Balslev

    2012-01-01

    In this book about research on Facilities Management (FM) leading researchers from the Nordic countries present their ideas and findings: • Past: The historical development and current trends in FM research in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland. • Present: Ongoing FM research within the following...... for Facilities Management – Realdania Research (CFM) on 22-23 August 2011 at the Technical University of Denmark. The title of the conference was: “Research for Practice – Vision of Futures”. The conference was arranged in collaboration with NordicFM and DFM – the Danish Facilities Management Association...

  20. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Darsø, Lotte; Kerr, Cheryl

    2008-01-01

    Introduktion til special issue om hvordan kunstneriske processer kan bidrage til udvikling af ledelse, management, læring og uddannelse......Introduktion til special issue om hvordan kunstneriske processer kan bidrage til udvikling af ledelse, management, læring og uddannelse...

  1. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Gisle; Hardt, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Recent decades of research in linguistics have seen a shift towards empirical methods and an increased use of data from corpora as a basis for making claims about language (Sampson 2005). This trend has made its mark on research on the Nordic languages also, and the current special issue aims to ...

  2. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Tore; Sandøy, Helge

    2010-01-01

    , and involve both quantitative and qualitative relationships. Indeed, the outcome of language contact is a question of numbers and frequencies in terms of use and users, of sameness vs. differencein terms of linguistic structure, of dominance vs. subordination in terms of socio-historical contexts, etc...

  3. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnenfant, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Les montagnes, cœur de l’Arabie Heureuse, lui donnent sa force et son caractère. Deux fois dans l’année, en mars-avril et en juillet-août, les nuées s’accumulent sur le haut pays et le tonnerre gronde. L’eau dissout les roches et de leur diversité engendre des terroirs fertiles. Vers l’est, elle part vers le grand désert d’Arabie, en de vastes vallées où l’eau tantôt coule sous les sables, tantôt s’épanche en crues subites et redoutables. Le royaume sabéen avait su les dompter, et les ruines ...

  4. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öchsner, Andreas; Augustin, Christian

    Nature frequently uses cellular and porous materials for creating load-carrying and weight-optimized structures. Thanks to their cellular design, natural materials such as wood, cork, bones, and honeycombs fulfill structural as well as functional demands. For a long time, the development of artificial cellular materials has been aimed at utilizing the outstanding properties of biological materials in technical applications. As an example, the geometry of honeycombs was identically converted into aluminum structures which have been used since the 1960s as cores of lightweight sandwich elements in the aviation and space industries. Nowadays, in particular, foams made of polymeric materials are widely used in all fields of technology. For example, Styrofoam® and hard polyurethane foams are widely used as packaging materials. Other typical application areas are the fields of heat and sound absorption. During the last few years, techniques for foaming metals and metal alloys and for manufacturing novel metallic cellular structures have been developed. Owing to their specific properties, these cellular materials have considerable potential for applications in the future. The combination of specific mechanical and physical properties distinguishes them from traditional dense metals, and applications with multifunctional requirements are of special interest in the context of such cellular metals. Their high stiffness, in conjunction with a very low specific weight, and their high gas permeability combined with a high thermal conductivity can be mentioned as examples. Cellular materials comprise a wide range of different arrangements and forms of cell structures. Metallic foams are being investigated intensively, and they can be produced with an open- or closed-cell structure, cf. Fig. 1.1. Their main characteristic is their very low density. The most common foams are made of aluminum alloys. Essential limiting factors for the utilization are unevenly distributed material parameters and relatively high production costs.

  5. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narlikar, J. V.; Sathyaprakash, B. S.

    2014-03-01

    The ICGC Meetings: 1987-2011 When India became an independent nation in 1947, the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru on the scene, as the Prime Minister was a fortunate circumstance. For, Nehru was a visionary, who believed that the future of the new nation should be guided by science and technology (S & T), and so with like-minded scientists like, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, Homi Bhabha, Meghnad Saha, and Daulatsingh Kothari in leading positions, Nehru set about creating an extensive infrastructure for S & T. The initiatives taken in and around 1947 began to yield dividends in a couple of decades, and by the late 60s and early 70s, major S & T organizations and associated trained human resources were making significant contributions to the country's development, both material and intellectual. Amongst these may be included, the creation of various scientific societies devoted to specific subjects. These came in response to the urge of scientists to meet as a group for discussions in their fields of research. So, it was in 1969, a number of research workers in the field of general relativity and gravitation (GRG), who had gathered for a workshop in Ahmedabad, resolved to form a society for GRG. The initiative was taken by P C Vaidya, who pointed out the advantages of forming such a recognized group, mentioning that the international community of workers in GRG had already formed such a society. The Indian Association for General Relativity and Gravitation (IAGRG), thus, came up in 1969 with the veteran relativist V V Narlikar, as its first President. Some three years later, the astronomical community responding to a similar urge, formed the Astronomical Society of India (ASI), under the presidency of Vainu Bappu, the Founder Director of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore. Since the days of discovery of quasars in 1963, there has been an alliance between gravitation theorists and astrophysicists, resulting in the Texas Symposia, which are held once every two years. The International Society of GRG, referred above, also has a world congress (numbered GR-n) once in four years. The ASI and IAGRG have, naturally, many members in common, and over the years, these organizations have grown. Their national meets take place approximately once in two years. It is customary to invite overseas scientists to these meets, if they happen to be visiting India. In the early 80s, the scientific community in India felt more ambitious, and debated the possibility of hosting a truly international meet in India. Thus, in 1985 the astronomers successfully hosted the General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union. The GRG members, likewise, were pressing for hosting a meeting in the GR-n series. Since the human resources and institutional base of relativists were not as wide and strong as of the astronomers, they were advised to proceed in stages. ''First successfully hold a miniature version of GR-n, and once your credibility and capability are established, bid for the big one.'' This was the advice of some international veterans. That is how the ICGC-series of conferences came about. The first ICGC As the name (International Conference on Gravitation and Cosmology) implies, the conference sought to combine the interests of the Texas Symposia as well as of GR-n. The meetings were planned to be once in four years starting in mid-December 1987. (This was the blank year for the Texas Symposium.) To launch them in an impressive manner, the opening meeting was planned to be in the famous tourist resort state of Goa. As IAGRG lacked the infrastructure to organize such a conference, the main organizational responsibility had to be taken up by one of the research institutes; and the biggest amongst these was the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai. The TIFR, therefore, was approached, and agreed. As the 'most interested person" from TIFR, I was put in charge of the enterprise. Of course, I had the backing of my senior colleague Kumar (S.M.) Chitre and the younger one, Ajit Kembhavi, and the organizational infrastructure of TIFR. In particular, the then administrator dealing with scientific meetings, Parelkar enthusiastically joined me to set up the local boundary conditions in Goa. To get our priorities right, we first picked upon Hotel Mandovi in Panjim (Capital of Goa) as the nodal hotel for catering, accommodation, and arrangements of the academic sessions. We were expecting around 100 participants with 50% from abroad. Kamat, the Manager of Hotel Mandovi, promised all help including beds in nearby hotels to make up any shortfall. Regarding the quality of food, for which Hotel Mandovi was justly famous, its in-charge, Satish Prabhu took care of all our worries. Delegates may still recall the various Goan delicacies featured on the conference menus. Parelkar negotiated the basic deal with the hotels to extract the maximum benefits for the conference. But we were still rather vulnerable in lack of the local conditions. An unexpected helping hand came to make up for our lack of local knowledge. The amateur astronomer organization, called ''Friends of Astronomy in Goa'', led by their venerable President, Percival Noronha offered to run errands for us and play the role of local volunteer. Noronha had been associated with the state government of Goa, since the days when it was a Portuguese colony. His 'inside knowledge' came in useful, especially when he advised us to request the Chief Minister, Pratapsingh Rane to entertain the conference participants in the state catamaran. Somewhat hesitatingly, I wrote a request letter, and to my delightful surprise, the CM agreed. Indeed, the boat-ride followed by the CM's riverside banquet was the entertainment high point of the conference. The food, Goan drinks, and musical entertainment were well appreciated by the participants, and an uninitiated person might be forgiven for thinking that ICGC stood for ''International Conference on Goan Conviviality''. However, it was the academic menu of ICGC-1987 that took precedence over anything else. The Scientific Organizing Committee, consisting of Vishveshwara (Vishu, if your tongue is not up to pronouncing the full name) as the Chairman, and Ashtekar, Barrow, Bertotti, Brill, Carr, Hartle, Hu, Iyer, MacCallum, Narlikar, Novikov, Penrose, and Sciama reflected a nice international mix as well as a mix of active branches of Gravitation and Cosmology. Later meetings The original intention of meeting every four years in some part of India was honoured by the community, and accordingly, the ICGC met in Ahmedabad (1991), Pune (1995), Kharagpur (2000), Cochin (2004), and Pune (2007) before reconvening in Goa in 2011. These meetings were more modestly planned, and instead of trying to cover many fields, each meeting was limited to some specialized topics. Thus, the Kharagpur meeting had highlighted gravitational waves, while the Pune (1995) meeting had emphasized the Raychaudhuri equation and the singularity theorems. These conferences did help to put India firmly on the map of GR and Cosmology, to the extent that the GR-15 was held successfully in Pune with Naresh Dadhich from IUCAA playing the main coordinator's role. It has been a pleasure to see young blood being attracted to these areas of research. Two major developments are on the horizon at the time of writing this piece. The LIGO is planning to set up an extra detector of gravitational waves in India with local help, both in hardware and software. Likewise, steps are being taken for India to join the TMT mega-telescope project as an international partner. These heartening developments help us to bear the loss of old doyens like, V V Narlikar, P C Vaidya, and A K Raychaudhuri. Though 'small is beautiful' is a truism, the decision was taken to return to Goa with a wider and richer academic menu to recall and celebrate the first ICGC. This is how we all find ourselves in Goa and its pleasant surroundings. As they say: ''Your problem is simplified if you choose the right boundary conditions!'' J V Narlikar Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA) Post Bag 4, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007, India E-mail: jvn@iucaa.ernet.in

  6. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Agnew; V. Mamadouh; A.J. Secor; J. Sharp

    2015-01-01

    This chapter introduces the new edition of the Companion to Political Geography with a synopsis of the crisis in Kobani, the Kurdish city in Northern Syria near the Turkish border that came under siege from Islamic State in 2014. It situates the crisis in Kobani at the heart of political geographica

  7. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Ole B.

    2015-01-01

    simple movements of people, goods, and information from A to B. This new title creates a state-of-the-art reference work for all students and scholars with an interest in the ‘mobilities turn’ and its contributions to a deeper understanding of the contemporary and mobile world. The entries chosen all...... to social networks, personal identities, and our relationship to the built environment. The omnipresence of mobilities within everyday life, high politics, technology, and tourism (to mention but a few) all point to a key insight harnessed by the ‘mobilities turn’. Namely that mobilities is much more than...... are amongst the most creative and thought provoking of this diverse field. The selection covers diverse topics such as theories, concepts, methods, and approaches as well as exploring various modes of mobilities and the relationship to everyday life practices. The pieces also cover the ‘politics of mobilities...

  8. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnack, Dalton D.

    Magnetohydrodynamics: MHD. Magneto—having to do with electromagnetic fields; hydro—having to do with fluids; and dynamics—dealing with forces and the laws of motion. Magnetohydrodynamics, or MHD, is the mathematical model for the low-frequency interaction between electrically conducting fluids and electromagnetic fields.

  9. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roselyne Koren

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Ce premier numéro de la revue Argumentation et Analyse du Discours se donne un triple objectif, qui correspond à un questionnement essentiel dans les domaines concernés.Tout d’abord, il s’agit d’explorer les liens qui unissent l’analyse du discours telle qu’elle se développe actuellement en France, et les théories de l’argumentation issues des travaux pionniers de Chaim Perelman et de Stephen Toulmin dans les années cinquante. La plupart des travaux réunis ici tentent de justifier - sur le pl...

  10. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F. de Wolf; A.D. Pimentel; L. DeRose; S. Ha; T. Kielmann; A. Morajko

    2009-01-01

    The spread of systems that provide parallelism either "in-the-large" (grid infrastructures, clusters) or "in-the-small" (multi-core chips) creates new opportunities for exploiting parallelism in a wider spectrum of application domains. However, the increasing complexity of parallel and distributed p

  11. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Caille, Frédéric

    2015-01-01

    La valorisation, l’admiration, la récompense du comportement de l’individu secourable, dévoué et courageux, ne saurait être rapportée trop précipitamment à des catégories psychologiques invariables ou consubstantielles à la nature humaine. En la matière en effet, dans les dernières décennies et notamment sous l’influence des travaux de Michel Foucault, la recherche historique s’est largement convaincue de la nécessité de contextualiser la compréhension des réalités en apparence les plus « nat...

  12. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kornberger, Martin; Justesen, Lise; Mouritsen, Jan;

    2015-01-01

    and through empirical analyses of diverse objects of valuations, such as university ranking lists, ice skating scoring, wind power, insurances, gold and big data. The theoretical inspiration is interdisciplinary and the volume brings together scholars from economic sociology, accounting, organization studies...... that are grounded in the way people praise and prize things. The book is arranged around five concerns that underpin the debate about making things valuable. These concerns are: calculating/economizing; commensurating/switching; visualizing/hiding; modelling/tracing; and knowing/disciplining....

  13. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Desbois, Evelyne; Jeanneau, Yves; Mattéi, Bruno

    2014-01-01

    L’immédiat après-guerre fut cette période où se forgea définitivement cette identité sociale et culturelle que nous avons choisi d’appeler « la mythologie du mineur ». Parce que celle-ci est d’abord faite d’images, bordée de discours et de représentations. En 1946 nommer le mineur, c’est désigner un prolétaire prototype, brandi à l’époque comme parangon de la classe ouvrière. La fin de la guerre ne fut pas tant libération que clôture. Comme un dernier tour de vis donné à une histoire centenai...

  14. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merete Anderssen

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available The third volume of the 34th edition of Nordlyd contains the proceedings for a workshop on language acquisition that took place at the Twenty Second Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics (SCL 22. The overall theme of the conference was 'brain, mind and language,' and the workshop invited abstracts in first, second and bilingual acquisition related to this theme. SCL 22 was held at the Centre For Linguistics (CFL at the University of Aalborg in Denmark on June 19–22, 2006, under the auspices of the Nordic Association of Linguists (NAL.

  15. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Ana; Rodrigues, Cristina

    2011-01-01

    Este documento é uma tradução do livro publicado em português, “Pobreza e Paz nos PALOP”, Sextante Editora (2009), ISBN 978-989-676-007-6 As the end result of a multidisciplinary investigation project conducted in Africa, this publication about Poverty and Peace in the Portuguese-speaking African Countries1 has the purpose, on one hand, of presenting the main conclusions of the studies conducted in these countries and, on the other, to provide a collection of guidelines for future...

  16. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narlikar, J. V.; Sathyaprakash, B. S.

    2014-03-01

    The ICGC Meetings: 1987-2011 When India became an independent nation in 1947, the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru on the scene, as the Prime Minister was a fortunate circumstance. For, Nehru was a visionary, who believed that the future of the new nation should be guided by science and technology (S & T), and so with like-minded scientists like, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, Homi Bhabha, Meghnad Saha, and Daulatsingh Kothari in leading positions, Nehru set about creating an extensive infrastructure for S & T. The initiatives taken in and around 1947 began to yield dividends in a couple of decades, and by the late 60s and early 70s, major S & T organizations and associated trained human resources were making significant contributions to the country's development, both material and intellectual. Amongst these may be included, the creation of various scientific societies devoted to specific subjects. These came in response to the urge of scientists to meet as a group for discussions in their fields of research. So, it was in 1969, a number of research workers in the field of general relativity and gravitation (GRG), who had gathered for a workshop in Ahmedabad, resolved to form a society for GRG. The initiative was taken by P C Vaidya, who pointed out the advantages of forming such a recognized group, mentioning that the international community of workers in GRG had already formed such a society. The Indian Association for General Relativity and Gravitation (IAGRG), thus, came up in 1969 with the veteran relativist V V Narlikar, as its first President. Some three years later, the astronomical community responding to a similar urge, formed the Astronomical Society of India (ASI), under the presidency of Vainu Bappu, the Founder Director of the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore. Since the days of discovery of quasars in 1963, there has been an alliance between gravitation theorists and astrophysicists, resulting in the Texas Symposia, which are held once every two years. The International Society of GRG, referred above, also has a world congress (numbered GR-n) once in four years. The ASI and IAGRG have, naturally, many members in common, and over the years, these organizations have grown. Their national meets take place approximately once in two years. It is customary to invite overseas scientists to these meets, if they happen to be visiting India. In the early 80s, the scientific community in India felt more ambitious, and debated the possibility of hosting a truly international meet in India. Thus, in 1985 the astronomers successfully hosted the General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union. The GRG members, likewise, were pressing for hosting a meeting in the GR-n series. Since the human resources and institutional base of relativists were not as wide and strong as of the astronomers, they were advised to proceed in stages. ''First successfully hold a miniature version of GR-n, and once your credibility and capability are established, bid for the big one.'' This was the advice of some international veterans. That is how the ICGC-series of conferences came about. The first ICGC As the name (International Conference on Gravitation and Cosmology) implies, the conference sought to combine the interests of the Texas Symposia as well as of GR-n. The meetings were planned to be once in four years starting in mid-December 1987. (This was the blank year for the Texas Symposium.) To launch them in an impressive manner, the opening meeting was planned to be in the famous tourist resort state of Goa. As IAGRG lacked the infrastructure to organize such a conference, the main organizational responsibility had to be taken up by one of the research institutes; and the biggest amongst these was the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai. The TIFR, therefore, was approached, and agreed. As the 'most interested person" from TIFR, I was put in charge of the enterprise. Of course, I had the backing of my senior colleague Kumar (S.M.) Chitre and the younger one, Ajit Kembhavi, and the organizationa

  17. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Baumert, Nicolas; Guichard-Anguis, Sylvie

    2015-01-01

    Le séisme du 11 mars 2011 qui a frappé le Japon a provoqué une catastrophe majeure dont les images, largement diffusées dans les médias, ont rappelé par la violence de l’aléa (évalué à 9 sur l’échelle de Richter), la vulnérabilité des sociétés humaines face à l’enchainement des risques naturels et humains. À la succession de destructions ayant fait près de 20 000 victimes, et à l’accident nucléaire de la centrale de Fukushima n° 1 près d’Iwaki, s’est ajoutée une crise alimentaire sévère qui a...

  18. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available L’image des services publics belges s’est gravement détériorée au cours des dernières années. Aux traditionnelles accusations de lourdeurs administratives, de politisation, de manque de motivation et de gaspillage sont venus au fil du temps s’ajouter les soupçons d’incompétence et même de corruption. Cette impression générale de désorganisation et d’inefficacité s’est en quelque sorte cristallisée lors des enquêtes sur la disparition d’enfants et, plus récemment, dans l’affaire de la dioxine....

  19. Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Z. Lin; G.Y.Fu; J. Q. Dong

    2007-01-01

    @@ After half a century of intense pursuit, magnetic fusion has made tremendous progress toward the goal as an attractive energy solution for the world's increasingly critical energy problem. The key obstacle for reaching the ignition has been the lack of fundamental understanding, and thus the limited ability to control the complex, nonlinear, and dynamical system characteristic of high temperature plasma in fusion toka-mak experiments.

  20. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Laat, Cees; Develder, Chris; Jukan, Admela; Mambretti, Joe

    This topic is devoted to communication issues in scalable compute and storage systems, such as parallel computers, networks of workstations, and clusters. All aspects of communication in modern systems were solicited, including advances in the design, implementation, and evaluation of interconnection networks, network interfaces, system and storage area networks, on-chip interconnects, communication protocols, routing and communication algorithms, and communication aspects of parallel and distributed algorithms. In total 15 papers were submitted to this topic of which we selected the 7 strongest papers. We grouped the papers in two sessions of 3 papers each and one paper was selected for the best paper session. We noted a number of papers dealing with changing topologies, stability and forwarding convergence in source routing based cluster interconnect network architectures. We grouped these for the first session. The authors of the paper titled: “Implementing a Change Assimilation Mechanism for Source Routing Interconnects” propose a mechanism that can obtain the new topology, and compute and distribute a new set of fabric paths to the source routed network end points to minimize the impact on the forwarding service. The article entitled “Dependability Analysis of a Fault-tolerant Network Reconfiguration Strateg” reports on a case study analyzing the effects of network size, mean time to node failure, mean time to node repair, mean time to network repair and coverage of the failure when using a 2D mesh network with a fault-tolerant mechanism (similar to the one used in the BlueGene/L system), that is able to remove rows and/or columns in the presence of failures. The last paper in this session: “RecTOR: A New and Efficient Method for Dynamic Network Reconfiguration” presents a new dynamic reconfiguration method, that ensures deadlock-freedom during the reconfiguration without causing performance degradation such as increased latency or decreased throughput. The second session groups 3 papers presenting methods, protocols and architectures that enhance capacities in the Networks. The paper titled: “NIC-assisted Cache-Efficient Receive Stack for Message Passing over Ethernet” presents the addition of multiqueue support in the Open-MX receive stack so that all incoming packets for the same process are treated on the same core. It then introduces the idea of binding the target end process near its dedicated receive queue. In general this multiqueue receive stack performs better than the original single queue stack, especially on large communication patterns where multiple processes are involved and manual binding is difficult. The authors of: “A Multipath Fault-Tolerant Routing Method for High-Speed Interconnection Networks” focus on the problem of fault tolerance for high-speed interconnection networks by designing a fault tolerant routing method. The goal was to solve a certain number of link and node failures, considering its impact, and occurrence probability. Their experiments show that their method allows applications to successfully finalize their execution in the presence of several faults, with an average performance value of 97% with respect to the fault-free scenarios. The paper: “Hardware implementation study of the Self-Clocked Fair Queuing Credit Aware (SCFQ-CA) and Deficit Round Robin Credit Aware (DRR-CA) scheduling algorithms” proposes specific implementations of the two schedulers taking into account the characteristics of current high-performance networks. A comparison is presented on the complexity of these two algorithms in terms of silicon area and computation delay. Finally we selected one paper for the special paper session: “A Case Study of Communication Optimizations on 3D Mesh Interconnects”. In this paper the authors present topology aware mapping as a technique to optimize communication on 3-dimensional mesh interconnects and hence improve performance. Results are presented for OpenAtom on up to 16,384 processors of Blue Gene/L, 8,192 processors of Blue Gene/P and 2,0

  1. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Dorte Jagodic; Sandberg, Marie

    2012-01-01

    of European borders by looking at border practices in the light of the mobility turn, and thus as dynamic, multiple, diverse and best expressed in everyday experiences of people living at and with borders, rather than focusing on static territorial divisions between states and regions at geopolitical...... level. It provides border scholars and researchers as well as policymakers with new empirical and theoretical evidence on the de- and re-bordering processes going on in diverse border regions in Europe, both within and outside of the EU....

  2. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wotring, Virginia E.; Southern, Sarka O.; Mentzer, Mark A.; Rodriquez-Chavez, Isaac

    2014-01-01

    The 2014 SPIE Sensing Technologies for Global Health, Military Medicine and Environmental Monitoring conference embraced a wealth of state-of-the-art information in basic and applied science. This event covered the latest developments in the following areas: Non-invasive Disease Diagnostics for Global Health- This opening series of two consecutive sessions focused on oral biospecimen based rapid assays and point-of-care devices for the detection of pathogens causing infectious diseases, biomarkers for cancer, and analytes for noncommunicable diseases such as diabetes. They also covered presentations on the human proteasome and microbiome with linkage to human diseases and diagnostic approaches. The sessions were built on the past experience and expertise of the National Institutes of Health, National Institutes of Dental and Craniofacial Research. Military Medicine I: Traumatic Brain Injury and PTSD-This assembly covered oral-biomarker based diagnostics for brain damage and TBI as well as prevention and rehabilitation technologies. Neurorehabilitation and noninvasive neuromodulation were also discussed as critical approaches for effective functioning. Military Medicine II: Physiology and Medicine of Extreme Environments and Spaceflight-This scientific segment showcased physiological, pharmacological and diagnostic sensing methodologies during spaceflight per the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as well as military-relevant toxicans and future sensing trends per the Department of Defense. It also included latest technologies to determine hydration status in warfighters, eye surgery using the latest laser technologies, and sensing tools for blood analysis. ? Sensing Technologies for Disease Diagnostics and Environmental Monitoring-This closing series of two consecutive sessions provided the venues to learn and discuss more results on the next generation of diagnostic tools and field technologies for diseases, including biomarker detection by digital imaging, multiplex technologies, capillary electrophoresis and molecular platforms serving as labs-on-chips. This conference allowed cross-fertilization of ideas, projects and collaborative work by a multidisciplinary audience of national and international colleagues from the academia, industry and federal government: The National Institutes of Health, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Department of Defense.

  3. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Streitberger

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The papers in this special issue arise from a conference held at the University of Louvain (UCL in Louvain-la-Neuve in October 2009 under the title Between documentation and fiction – photography in artists’ books. As for the conference, the aim of this publication is to reconsider the functions of photographic images in books created by artistes since the 1960s.

  4. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Les paramètres sociaux et humains tels qu'analysés dans la première partie, et les facteurs physiques, décortiqués dans la deuxième partie, se combinent pour expliquer l'évolution des milieux anthropisés de la Sierra Madre occidentale. De fait, l'état des pâturages et de la forêt se ressentent de décennies d'exploitation de type minier. Cette surexploitation du milieu dans la Sierra Madre occidentale (cf. « Trop de bétail et trop de bûcherons. Une économie minière », p. 191) s'est traduite pa...

  5. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hames, W.; McHone, J. G.; Renne, P.; Ruppel, C.

    Large igneous provinces represent catastrophic outpourings of immense quantities of basaltic lava, the origin of processes that are hidden deep within Earth's interior and obscured by the movements of tectonic plates. Scientists from many different fields are combining their efforts to understand the underlying mechanisms by which large igneous provinces' form, the distribution and timing of such provinces, and the effects and consequences of the associated volcanism. This book presents a collection of thirteen papers that delve into such fundamental questions for one of Earth's most calamitous events—the profound and extensive magmatism that accompanied the breakup of Pangea. Dramatic relics of the magmatism that accompanied breakup of Pangea are preserved on every continent of the circum-Atlantic region, in exposures of igneous intrusions that once provided magma conduits, as partially eroded and buried flood basalts that once covered large areas of the land, and in the sedimentary strata that host the volcanic remnants. Scientists collect forensic evidence in rock exposures from coastal Brittany to Brazilian rainforests, in strata buried deeply beneath Texas and on plateaus in sub-Saharan Mali in the effort to describe this province and determine its origin. Indeed, over the past several years we have learned through research that much of the magmatism in this province was very sudden, although it may have spread diachronously. The absolute age and stratigraphic juxtaposition of this province seems coincident with the transition from the Triassic to the Jurassic period. Many scientists are now studying this magmatic province in an effort to understand how its effects may relate to the global climate changes and profound mass extinction at the end of the Triassic (when perhaps 80% of Earth's terrestrial and marine faunas perished). And yet such a catastrophic distress for some may provide opportunity to others, as the Jurassic rise of dinosaurs to dominate Earth may have begun with global climate changes wrought by this large igneous province. Thus, the research on this individual magmatic province is part of a broader and contentious scientific trial to determine whether massive volcanic events, meteorite impact events, or combinations of both are responsible for the major mass extinction events that have modulated the course of life on Earth for the past 300 million years.

  6. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Lahiri, P.; Slud, Eric

    2011-01-01

    The Statistics Consortium at the University of Maryland, College Park, hosted a two-day workshop on Bayesian Methods that Frequentists Should Know during April 30--May 1, 2008. The event was co-sponsored by the Institute of Mathematical Statistics (IMS), Office of Research and Methodology, National Center for Health Statistics, Survey Research Methods Section (SRMS) of the American Statistical Association, and Washington Statistical Society. The workshop was intended to bring out the positive...

  7. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALESSANDRO RONCAGLIA

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This is the first “regular†issue of PSL Quarterly Review, after the two special issues for 2008 and 2009. As an economists’ phoenix, the Review is born out of the ashes of its forerunner, the BNL Quarterly Review, after a change in ownership, from Banca Nazionale del Lavoro to the Associazione Paolo Sylos Labini. The “new†Quarterly retains the editor and the editorial board of the “old†Quarterly, and its orientation towards scientific research and debate in the field of economic theory and policy, with specific but not exclusive attention to monetary and financial issues and with no preconceived choice of field among the different schools of thought. In essence, we have a new series of an old journal.

  8. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rubin, Olivier; Bruun, Ole

    2015-01-01

    The article discusses various reports publsihed within the issue which includes social repercussions of diverse natural disasters and disaster management policies across Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand and Nepal, impact of the 2004 tsunami on Indonesia and the 2008 cyclone Nargis in Myanmar and South...

  9. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Graauw, T.

    2010-09-01

    As this editorial is written, we have seven antennas at the Chajnantor plateau, the "High Site". Seven antennas means twenty-one baselines, i.e. more than twice as many as we had only two months ago. As you know, the bonus we have in interferometry is that the the number of baselines increases roughly with the square of the available antennas. The image quality can be further enhanced, because the projection of a celestial source onto the existing baselines changes due to the rotation of the Earth. A large number of baselines is important but not sufficient to fulfill one important promise of ALMA, namely to provide crisp images. Unlike the sharp images from the Hubble Space Telescope, images from ground based optical or radio telescopes are blurred by the Earth's atmosphere. It is the Holy Grail of observing astronomy to overcome such atmospheric effects. Recently, ALMA has made a big step toward this goal by using Water Vapor Radiometers operating at 183 GHz to measure the amount of atmospheric water vapor at any instant in the line of sight of each antenna, and applying a corresponding correction to the astronomical data received. This not only improves the image quality, it is essential for using ALMA at its lowest wavelengths of around 0.3mm and at baselines exceeding several kilometers. Achieving this has a been a collaborative effort involving many parts of the project and there are all to be congratulated. JAO has now moved into our new Santiago Central Office in Vitacura next to the ESO premises, ending a phase of two years were Santiago based staff was distributed in two different buildings. This new ALMA office will also host the ALMA archive. Although ALMA users are normally not expected to come to Chile to observe, there will be office space for visitors, since ALMA has been and will always be a cooperation of people from many countries and many fields of science and engineering. This newsletter contains a list of workshops, schools and conferences dealing with ALMA, reflecting the interest of the astronomical community in our project. I invite everybody to join these events in order to discuss the exciting science made possible with ALMA, and to learn how to use this instrument in an efficient way. After all, the first call for ALMA observing proposals will be released very soon. After having served as ALMA Project Engineer since 2004, Rick Murowinski has decided to go back to Canada. We thank him for his important contributions to our project during very crucial years and wish him all the best for his future career.

  10. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drenthen, M.; Keulartz, J.

    2014-01-01

    Environmental aesthetics crosses several commonly recognized divides: between analytic and continental philosophy, Eastern and Western traditions, universalizing and historicizing approaches, and theoretical and practical concerns. This volume sets out to show how these,perspectives can be brought i

  11. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bainbridge, William Sims

    This brief introductory chapter sets the stage for a broad discussion of many aspects of virtual worlds, by comparing episodes experienced by two avatar researchers, one in Second Life (SL), and the other in Star Wars Galaxies (SWG). Interviewer Wilber attends a medieval dance on an SL island created by Starfleet, an innovative and hard-working group of 500 Star Trek fans, who have created working virtual technology and soaring architecture to make real their fantasies about the human future. Algorithma Teq visits the Mos Eisley Cantina in SWG, where Luke Skywalker originally met Han Solo, and is scrutinized by two Imperial storm troopers, even as she attempts to remain aloof from the Star Wars mythos and simply practice her engineering skills in making droids. It can be useful to distinguish gamelike virtual worlds from non-game worlds, yet as these examples show, they are not distinct categories, and virtual worlds inevitably mix fantasy and reality in complex ways.

  12. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hahonou, Eric Komlavi; Lecocq, Baz

    2015-01-01

    -abolition, and post-emancipation share the hyphen in common. The hyphen in this context connects the past to the present, the work of the historian to the work of the anthropologist, the slave to the master. But the hyphen also indicates a temporal disruption or discontinuity. We must bridge the historical...

  13. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Piqueras-Fiszman, Betina; Spence, Charles

    2016-01-01

    This chapter summarizes a number of different ways in which to look at our multisensory perception of foods and its impact on behavior, liking, and even emotion. From the first moments we encounter a food during our childhood we develop associations and even preferences, with particular sensory c

  14. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pless, Stephan A; Ahern, Christopher A

    2015-01-01

    for the controlled flux of ions across membranes, resulting in the generation of minute electrical signals. The functional implications of ion channel function on physiological processes are vast. Electrical impulses, in the form of action potentials or diverse chemo-electrical signals, coordinate the syncytium......Ion channels are membrane-spanning proteins that control the flow of ions across biological membranes through an aqueous pathway. The opening or closing of this pore can be controlled by a myriad of physiological inputs (voltage, ligands, temperature, metabolites, pH), which in turn allow...... of the heart beat, support a myriad of neuronal communication pathways, insulin secretion, and are central to the immune response, with more roles being discovered virtually everyday. Thus, ion channel function is a biophysical process that is central to biological life at many levels. And with over 500...

  15. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Aron

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available En guise de préambule, nous voudrions cerner rapidement l’objet dont il sera question et proposer quelques pistes de réflexion.Brève histoire problématique de la biographieLa biographie est un genre ancien, même si le mot n’apparaît en France qu’à la fin du xviie siècle. Ce genre est consacré à retracer des vies authentiques, dans des récits dont le sujet et l’auteur ne se confondent pas. On peut appeler « biographique » l’ensemble des genres donnant des « récits de vie » (biographie mais aus...

  16. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éric Gonzalez

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available For over a century and in modes ranging from hagiography to protest, popular music has been a prime theatre of observation and representation of the United States on record, in concert and more generally in the performing arts. Studying this field, with its senders—artists and their productions—and its receivers—gatekeepers and audiences—enables us to cast a different light on the USA as a source of inspiration, rejection and attraction for musicians on both sides of the Atlantic in order to ...

  17. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Nachtergaele

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Le numéro 4 de la revue Pyramides était consacré à la motivation au travail dans les services publics. Dans leur éditorial, Thibaut Duvillier et Alexandre Piraux, Coordinateurs de ce numéro, soulignaient ce qu’ils appelaient « le mal-être professionnel et donc la démotivation d’une grande partie du personnel dans les administrations publiques ».Le numéro 8 de la revue se consacre au thème de la « désorientation des services publics » dans le contexte des réformes et des pressions diverses qu’...

  18. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Camilletti

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

     

    Though first explored by Ernst Jentsch in his 1906 essay "On the Psychology of the Uncanny", it is through Freud’s acclaimed study of 1919 that the notion of the uncanny has entered into contemporary critical debate. From the 1960s onwards, the uncanny has become an increasingly protean and floating concept reflecting the various tensions within postmodern conceptions of temporality and subjectivity. Structurally close to other theories of "defamiliarisation" articulated in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries (for example the Marxist notions of "alienation" and "commodity fetishism", the Russian formalists’ definition of ostranenie, Heidegger’s Unheimlichkeit, Brecht’s "A-effect", the uncanny has reverberated widely in twentieth-century debate, from psychoanalysis (Lacan to deconstruction (Derrida, Royle, from literary theory (Todorov, Cixous, Kristeva to the philosophy of history (Certeau, and ultimately to the theory of architecture (Vidler.

  19. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Camilletti; Martin Doll; Rupert Gaderer; Jan Niklas Howe; Catherine Smale

    2010-01-01

     

    Though first explored by Ernst Jentsch in his 1906 essay "On the Psychology of the Uncanny", it is through Freud’s acclaimed study of 1919 that the notion of the uncanny has entered into contemporary critical debate. From the 1960s onwards, the uncanny has become an increasingly protean and floating concept reflecting the various tensions within postmodern conceptions of temporality and subjectivity. Structurally ...

  20. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Lengrand, Anaïs Planchard et Claire

    2015-01-01

    La deuxième partie du colloque est consacrée à l’égalité de genre. Force est de constater le peu d’études réalisées en droit français mobilisant le concept de genre, contrairement aux autres disciplinaires ainsi qu’au monde anglo-saxon. Pourtant, il y a matière à s’emparer du genre comme outil d’analyse du droit, comme le démontre notamment le travail de REGINE. Mais le genre mérite aussi d’avoir sa place dans l’enseignement du droit. En effet, à partir du postulat que le droit est un rapport...

  1. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Laville

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available L’objet d’un numéro spécial de la revue Interventions économiques sur le renouveau de la pensée polanyienne est de faire le point sur l’apport novateur de chercheurs nord-américains et européens au développement de cette pensée. Le numéro s’inscrit dans le cadre des travaux entourant la réalisation de la Onzième conférence internationale Karl Polanyi –The Relevance of Karl Polanyi for the 21st Century – et du 20e anniversaire de la « Political Economy Conference » de l’Institut Karl Polanyi, ...

  2. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Whitman, Richard; Hadfield, Amelia; Manners, Ian James

    2015-01-01

    presents an added level of difficulty. As this text illustrates in its two-fold make-up, there is both a quantitative issue in terms of assessing sensibly the sheer number of EU Member States, and a qualitative aspect to discerning both their individual foreign policy profile and the contribution they make...

  3. Introduction.

    OpenAIRE

    Dousa, Thomas; Ibekwe-SanJuan, Fidelia

    2013-01-01

    International audience This book addresses some of the key questions that scientists have been asking themselves for centuries: what is knowledge? What is information? How do we know that we know something? How do we construct meaning from the perceptions of things? And how do we communicate this meaning to others--that is to say, inform them? Although no consensus exists on a common definition of the concepts of information and communication, few can reject the hypothesis that information...

  4. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Vidal-Beneyto, José; de Puymège, Gérard

    2000-01-01

    Existe una versión española en la revista valenciana "Contrastes" [Contrastes: Revista Cultural, Nº 8, pp. 79-85]. Además, hay una versión más larga también en español publicada en libro "El Mediterráneo: un espacio común para la cooperación, el desarrollo y el diálogo intercultural " [En: Blanc Altemir, Antonio (Ed.) (1999). El Mediterráneo : un espacio común para la cooperación, el desarrollo y el diálogo intercultural. Madrid: Foca.

  5. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The year 2003 was a consecutive period of a regular activity of the Heavy Ion Laboratory. The Cyclotron was delivering the heavy ion beams ranging from 11B to 40Ar to ten different experiments during more than 2000 hours. A few teams were able to finalize their previous years data collection by papers published in high-ranked journals. Other teams published in the proceedings of the international conferences their invited talks or oral contributions. Thirteen publication in ISI listed journals appeared last year basing on the data obtained using Warsaw machine. A similar number was published by the Laboratory staff using external facilities. The modest technical upgrades presented in this Report were achieved almost with no cost above the salaries. The 15 % decrease of the previous years running subvention from the Ministry of Science and Informatics accompanied by a consecutive refusal to fund the new ECR ion source makes the status of the Laboratory as the nuclear physics center in a very precarious position. The situation looks much more promising with the new project: the creation of an interdisciplinary Laboratory - the Warsaw Positron Emission Tomography Centre, launched by the Heavy Ion Laboratory and the Nuclear Medicine Department at the Clinical Hospital of the Warsaw Academy of Medicine in 2001. In 2003 the Warsaw Consortium for PET Collaboration (WCPC) was created and presently it takes an active role in the project preparation. The WCPC will dispose of a single radiopharmaceuticals production unit located at HIL and equipped with a commercial proton/deuteron cyclotron, chemical units and quality control laboratory. The PET CT, PET or adapted SPECT scanners will be successively located in the Warsaw hospital centers, starting with the medical unit closest (500 m) to the radiopharmaceutical production place. The participation in the WCPC of numerous University and Academy of Sciences units will promote the Warsaw Centre activity in research and education area. The planned purchase of the micro-PET, animal scanner will substantially help in this activity. In 2003 a proposal was submitted to the Technical Co-operation Programme of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for a partial support of the Warsaw PET Centre equipment purchase and activity. This proposal got a strong support and written promises of the local financial contribution from Ministry of Sciences and Informatics and Ministry of Health. It is hoped that the Warsaw PET Centre will begin its diagnostic, research and educational activity in 2006. Starting from this time the Laboratory with its well trained team will operate two cyclotrons, one for research, the another one for radioisotope production. (author)

  6. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rémy Tremblay

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Les travaux sur le rôle de la qualité de vie urbaine en rapport avec la compétitivité économique des villes sont relativement peu nombreux (Donald, 2001[5] ; Andrews, 2001[6] ; Rogerson, 1999[7] ; Gottlieb, 1995[8] ; Wish, 1986[9] ; Malecki, 1985[10] ; R. Tremblay, 2006[11]. Ailleurs, le type et le nombre d’indicateurs choisis pour définir le concept de qualité de vie urbaine varient considérablement comme le montre Martha O’Mara (1998[12] dans son analyse des principaux ouvrages de référen...

  7. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajai R. Singh

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available As private investment in biomedical research has increased over the last few decades, both industry capital (venture or otherwise and academia have been quick on the uptake. Huge inflows from the former, and technology transfer offices set up by the latter, have resulted in major academia-industry tie-ups. This is not an isolated phenomenon, for such tie-ups have sprung up in many other fields too. At most places they have been welcomed as the next best thing to technology itself.There are many benefits of this connect. Much of the intellectual talent from academic institutions is getting absorbed in lucrative positions in industry. This is important, as the academic job scenario remains less than optimal. Industry is contributing massive research funds along with huge amounts as taxes, both of which ease pressure on the exchequer. Academia now has clear-cut employment options before it. Students and faculty can look forward to rewarding careers in industry. A general climate of optimism prevails all around. Applied research finds willing collaborators in venture capital funded industry, so a symbiotic growth is ensured for both. [Abstract not available.

  8. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard M. Burton

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Special Issue on Big Data and Organization Design addresses the challenge of big data for the design of organizations. Big data refers to the availability to organizations of massive amounts of heterogeneous and continuously updated information. Practitioners agree that the availability of such information creates challenges and opportunities for organizations that have never been seen before. The articles presented here take up this challenge and discuss avenues for future research and practice on organization design in the era of big data.

  9. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is reported, that the Kazakstan WWR-K research reactor with power of 10 MW was put in operation at the Inst. of Nuclear Physics of Academy of Science of Kazakh Soviet Republic in 1967, November. Since then reactor worked uninterruptedly and accident-free during 21 years. In 1988, October by direction of USSR's Gospromatomnadzor the reactor operation was stopped until fulfillment of requirements on basis of safety reactor operation in high seismic conditions. In accordance with that a great volume of jobs was carried out on increasing of reactor seismic stability and its protection as well as basis of safety operation in high seismic conditions. In 1997 the physical start-up (April) and energetic one (December) were conducted. The reactor belongs to most safety types of reactors by its construction , and to number of best reactors of Common Independent States (CIS) by experimental possibilities and use efficiency. Program of planing scientific researches is presented by following trends: 1. Nuclear physics and atomic power engineering; 2. Radiation physics of solid state matter and reactor materials testing; 3. Production of radioisotopes for medicine and industry; 4. Development and implementation of radiation technologies for medicine, agriculture, food and light industries; 5. Study on creation neutron irradiation channel for treatment of oncologic ills; 6. Diagnostic research by nondestructive structure control for samples, goods, assemblies; 7. Neutron-activation analysis in geology, ecology, metallurgy; 8. Organization study-training center for practical specialists preparation in field of nuclear energy; Principal results of researches on trends on nuclear physics (nuclear interactions; laser with nuclear pumping and nuclear-exited plasma; safety of power nuclear units; new energy converters; reactor materials testing; neutron-activation analysis)

  10. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Loriot, François; Plantey, Alain

    2016-01-01

    1. – Le monde contemporain se caractérise par un extraordinaire développement des relations entre les peuples. Les préoccupations, les méthodes, les institutions internationales glissent de la diplomatie vers l’administration, de la négociation des gouvernements vers la gestion des services. Durable, étendu, continu, ce mouvement entraîne une prolifération d’institutions nouvelles et diverses qui en sont le support juridique et qui répondent à des besoins concrets suivant une division et une ...

  11. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Margairaz, Michel

    2013-01-01

    Au moment où l’Allemagne vient de nous donner une si éclatante leçon d’organisation scientifique du travail industriel, administratif et militaire (...) où l’on va être contraint de réorganiser l’administration et la production en France, il est impossible de différer les mesures qui leur assureront l’efficience indispensable à leur survie.(Jean Coutrot, octobre 1940.) C’est la présence des Allemands qui nous a donné l’occasion et qui nous donne la possibilité de faire notre réforme intérieur...

  12. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steijn, Arthur; Ion Wille, Jakob

    2013-01-01

    In the spring of 2013 students from the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design and Malmö University were engaged in programs part of the EU project, Musical Experience Design. The EU project is seeking development of innovative experiences within the context of live classical music...... and products, as well as sustainable business models. The main concern of the two educational programs was to examine the live format of symphonic music and create visual and/or interaction design that in one way or the other would enrich the experience of the live concert. The key question of the program...

  13. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samantha Guy

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The articles in the feature section of this FMR hint at the breadth of reproductive health research and programming being carried out in conflict and post-conflict settings around the world.

  14. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Bonnaud, Laure; JOLY, Nathalie

    2012-01-01

    Contrôle qualité indexation - thématique Agro-écologie - C. Molé; Inspections sanitaires, analyses de laboratoire, traçabilité et étiquetage des produits, audits qualité, certifications de la production, toutes ces procédures placent l alimentation sous contrôle. Depuis leur production jusqu’à à la table du consommateur, les denrées font l'objet d'un suivi documentaire continu. Elles sont soumises à des nombreux contrôles qui concernent autant leur qualité sanitaire que les conditions dans le...

  15. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamit Bozarslan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Peut-on parler de l’Irak avec la distance critique consistant à taire sa colère de citoyen par rapport à l’horreur d’aujourd’hui et celle d’hier ? Celle d’aujourd’hui, car comment ne pas constater qu’à un embargo de plus de dix ans et à une occupation autant arrogante qu’imprudente fait désormais suite une violence multiforme détruisant la société irakienne dans ses fondements mêmes ? Et celle d’hier, car comment ne pas se souvenir que le régime renversé laissa derrière lui un pays dévasté pa...

  16. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    BERKER Thomas; HARTMANN Maren; PUNIE YVES; Ward, Katie

    2005-01-01

    This article is the introductory article of an edited book on domestication of media and technology. The authors of the article are also the editors of the book. The article introduces and discusses the domestication approach. It also introduced the different contributions in the book and contains reflections on the future of domestication (outlook). In the latter, reference is made to EU and IPTS work on Ambient Intelligence.

  17. Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    To Perfect VAT Policy Among eight policies and measures to promote the healthy development of the logistics industry, the eighth article refers to improving the agricultural value added tax policy to encourage large enterprises to engage in agricultura

  18. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Meizoz

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Il suffit de lire la liste des entrées de deux dictionnaires parus la même année 2002, pour constater que les approches de sociologie historique de la littérature et l’analyse du discours de tradition française partagent un certain nombre de questions et de notions communes.Dans le Dictionnaire du littéraire les articles « Discours », « Pragmatique littéraire », « Contexte », « Enoncé et énonciation » abordent plusieurs notions de l’analyse du discours. Dans le Dictionnaire d’analyse du disco...

  19. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Couderc

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Les articles qui suivent sont le fruit du colloque « Réécritures et livrets d’opéra dans le monde anglophone » tenu en novembre 2006 à l’Université de Caen et organisé par l’équipe de recherche « Littératures et Sociétés Anglophones » (LSA. Il s’inscrivait dans le cadre des axes de recherche développés par cette équipe qui s’intéresse aux enjeux non seulement esthétiques mais aussi sociaux de l’opéra, à la sociologie de la musique et aux pratiques culturelles impliquant la musique. Il faisai...

  20. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Beth J. CIESIELSKI

    2000-01-01

    Students in the Faculty of Political Science, Department of Public Administration at Babes – Bolyai University, Cluj–Napoca, Romania wrote the following Non Governmental Organization (NGO) case studies. “NGO Management” was the first course offered NGO management by the university.

  1. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César González Ochoa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La unam y la uba, Universidad de Buenos Aires, han estado ligadas por varias razones desde hace mucho tiempo; su historia, sus problemas, sus logros han sido paralelos; han tenido un continuo intercambio, sobre todo de profesores, aunque tal vez la unam ha sido más favorecida en este aspecto. La necesidad de iniciar esta presentación de Acta Poetica con esas alusiones a las dos universidades obedece a que este número es un esfuerzo conjunto de investigadores de ambas casas de estudio. Antes de hablar de los artículos que se publican, quisiéramos hacer un breve recorrido histórico de la uba para observar la similaridad con el camino que ha seguido nuestra universidad.

  2. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schubart, Rikke; Gjelsvik, Anne

    2016-01-01

    The anthology offers 11 original contributions about the women in GoT, the transmedial universe of George R.R. Martin's book series A Song of Ice and Fire, the HBO TV series Game of Thrones, computer games and online fan activities. The anthology examines the representation of women, and activity...

  3. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Notre appel à contributions Institutions, régulation et développement a rencontré un grand intérêt. Aussi, les articles retenus ont-ils donné lieu à un double dossier (numéros 6 et 7. Les contributions se rapportent principalement aux débats en cours et aux perspectives qui animent la recherche académique autour des institutions, de la régulation et du développement. Le volet rétrospectif, consistant à opérer un retour critique sur les travaux de Théorie de la régulation dans l’étude du déve...

  4. Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bresler, Liora

    1998-01-01

    Introduces articles from a symposium concerning art education policies in Australia, New Zealand, and Singapore. Explains that each of the authors present an overview of ideologies and trends for the respective countries over the past 40 years and examine how these trends affect the missions, agendas, and practices of arts educators. (CMK)

  5. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jörg Nagler

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available February 12, 2009, marked the 200th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday. In anticipation of this event, the annual U.S. Embassy Teacher Academy, hosted by the U.S. Embassy, Berlin, from October 2 to 5, 2008 in Potsdam, explored the implications of his presidency on the United States and the world in terms of nation building, democratic development, race relations and civil rights.

  6. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Monod Becquelin, Aurore

    2014-01-01

    L’extérieur est à l’extérieur de l’extérieur,l’intérieur n’est à l’extérieur de rien.L’intérieur est à l’extérieur de l’intérieur.L’extérieur n’est pas à l’extérieur de lui.L’intérieur n’est pas à l’intérieur de l’extérieur.L’intérieur n’est pas à l’intérieur de rien.Novarina, 1989. Un séminaire du GERM Ce numéro est le fruit de deux années du séminaire pluridisciplinaire du Groupe de recherche et d’enseignement maya (GERM) du Laboratoire d’ethnologie et de sociologie comparative, portant sur...

  7. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Assche, van K.; Beunen, R.; Duineveld, M.

    2014-01-01

    Understanding change has become one of the most important challenges for contemporary governance and its theories. The global economic crisis has shown that researchers and practitioners in many different fields and disciplines face great difficulties in understanding and explaining unexpected event

  8. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Meizoz, Jérôme

    2006-01-01

    Il suffit de lire la liste des entrées de deux dictionnaires parus la même année 2002, pour constater que les approches de sociologie historique de la littérature et l’analyse du discours de tradition française partagent un certain nombre de questions et de notions communes. Dans le Dictionnaire du littéraire les articles « Discours », « Pragmatique littéraire », « Contexte », « Enoncé et énonciation » abordent plusieurs notions de l’analyse du discours. Dans le Dictionnaire d’analyse du dis...

  9. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Jérôme Meizoz

    2006-01-01

    Il suffit de lire la liste des entrées de deux dictionnaires parus la même année 2002, pour constater que les approches de sociologie historique de la littérature et l’analyse du discours de tradition française partagent un certain nombre de questions et de notions communes.Dans le Dictionnaire du littéraire les articles « Discours », « Pragmatique littéraire », « Contexte », « Enoncé et énonciation » abordent plusieurs notions de l’analyse du discours. Dans le Dictionnaire d’analyse du disco...

  10. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms; Bohlinger, Sandra; Haake, Ulrika;

    2015-01-01

    Research on adult, professional and vocational education in a global world is timely (Farrell & Fenwick, 2007). Globalisation and economic crises are the trends that most dramatically transform the social, political, economic and ecological spheres of our time and directly affect the everyday life......-based and ethical underpinnings. Work-related learning and the workplace as an arena of learning and education is, in Fenwick’s (2001) terms, a highly political space, in which the requirements of flexibility, specialisation, privatisation, and globalisation “change the nature and environment of work...

  11. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Berliner, David; Herbrand, Cathy

    2010-01-01

    Au-delà du porno Sur la toile, circule ces jours-ci une scène pornographique produite aux états-Unis, qui parodie les questions d’apprentissage et de performance qui nous intéressent dans ce volume. Décliné sous des formes diverses, le script minimal du film est celui d’un jeune couple souffrant de problèmes sexuels. Dans certains cas, la jeune femme y est décrite par son mari comme un « lame fuck » (en argot, un mauvais coup) et dans d’autres, c’est le jeune homme qui est incapable de satisf...

  12. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Birthe; Chemi, Tatiana

    2015-01-01

    In educational contexts, the study of emotions has often, until recently, been neglected. This lack of interest has characterised several domains of knowledge, including the educational one, which is the main topic of the present anthology. The general neglect of emotions in education is regretta...... of the learning process, and perhaps among the most influential for learning processes, are the students’ and educators’ values and emotions. It is consequently vital to acknowledge emotions in education and educational changes in order to create innovative learning....

  13. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Villers, Stéphanie

    2013-01-01

    Vingt décembre 2005 : la Belgique connaît son premier procès pour fait d’avortement depuis la dépénalisation partielle, en 1990, de l’interruption volontaire de grossesse. Ce jour-là, devant le tribunal correctionnel de Bruges, comparaissent deux médecins, une psychologue, une infirmière et une coordinatrice d’un centre de planning familial d’Ostende. Ils sont poursuivis pour avoir avorté, en 2001, une adolescente de quatorze ans sans respecter le délai de six jours entre la première consulta...

  14. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Villers, Stéphanie

    2013-01-01

    L’avortement de la première moitié du xxe siècle a désormais un visage. Un visage dont les contours ont été tracés en grande partie grâce aux travaux des moralistes et des démographes de l’époque. Si les traits de l’avortement d’alors sont plus familiers, son poids, lui, reste inconnu. Son importance chiffrée fait défaut. Le recours aux statistiques devient nécessaire. Dans ce domaine, malheureusement, l’avortement souffre de larges ignorances en raison d’un « vide » statistique. Certes, les ...

  15. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nouwen, Rick; van Rooij, Robert; Sauerland, Uli; Schmitz, Hans-Christian

    One could define vagueness as the existence of borderline cases and characterise the philosophical debate on vagueness as being about the nature of these. The prevalent theories of vagueness can be divided into three categories, paralleling three logical interpretations of borderline cases: (i) a borderline case is a case of a truth-value gap; it is neither true nor false; (ii) a borderline case is a case of a truth-value glut; it is both true and false; and (iii) a borderline case is a case where the truth-value is non-classical. The third of these is proposed in the fuzzy logic approach to vagueness. Three-valued approaches have only 1/2 as a value in addition to the standard values 1 and 0. These approaches can be interpreted either as allowing for gaps or gluts, depending on how the notion of satisfaction or truth is defined. If a sentence is taken to be true only if its value is 1, it allows for gaps, but if it is taken to be true already if its value is at least 1/2 it allows for gluts. The most popular theories advertising gluts and gaps, however, are supervaluationism and subvaluationism, both of which make use of the notion of precisifications, that is, ways of making things precise. Truth-value gaps in supervaluationism are due to the way truth simpliciter, or supertruth, is defined: A proposition is supertrue (superfalse) if it is true (false) at all precisifications. This means that a proposition can be neither true nor false in case there exist two precisifications, one of which make it true and one of which makes it false. Conversely, in subvaluation theory, the same scenario would lead to a truth-value glut. That is, the proposition would be both true and false. This is because subvaluationism defines truth simpliciter as being true at some precisifcation.

  16. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pyka, Andreas; Andersen, Esben Sloth

    2013-01-01

    The general theme of the thirteenth International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society Conference, held during June 21th–24th, 2010 at Aalborg University in Denmark, was the exploration of the interrelated phenomena of innovation, organization, sustainability and crises. By addressing these phenomena an ...

  17. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Kaplinsky, Raphael; Cooper, Charles

    1989-01-01

    Introduces several articles on the technology and development of the industrial revolution in Third World countries. Central roles of the revolutionary character of technological changes; Workshop on the implications of a global technological revolution; Impact of technological change in the international dimensions of production.

  18. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some sort of continuation to that meeting and also a continuation to the discussion that we have had here yesterday and today, we are planning to have a consultant's meeting in preparation of the program on research reactor core conversions to use low enriched uranium instead of highly enriched uranium. This exercise has been coordinated with INFCE and it is not the intention that work would be duplicating each other but rather all meeting at the end of November, early December, is something that we would like to look at concrete cases in mainly developing countries that are currently utilizing highly enriched uranium so that we would like to make some sort of a check list or technical evaluation of what must be done in certain country cases to prepare core conversions that would utilize the new fuel designs that have been discussed here yesterday and today. We also hope that during the meeting in about three weeks, we could discuss some demonstration projects or programs that could take place in certain research reactors and perhaps including a demonstration program in developing countries and here these exercises could be organized through the Agency. Perhaps as a coordinating research program, but this is still preliminary thinking and subject to further discussion

  19. Introduction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-01-01

    This section of the report describes the history of the tribology program of the Office of Transportation Materials (OTM) in the Office of Transportation Technologies (OTT). The mission of the Office of Transportation Technology is discussed. OTT`s research objectives focus on (1) automobiles and light-duty trucks and vans and (2) heavy duty trucks and buses. Even small gains in efficiency can produce large paybacks for the tax dollar. The mission of the Office of Transportation Materials is also described. Its research objective is to enable the development and engineering of energy-efficient transportation systems that will make possible the transition of the U.S. transportation sector from dependence on petroleum to alternative fuels and electricity. The mission of the Tibology Program is to provide the base technology to enable savings in annual U.S. energy consumption through tribological advances in the transportation sector. Current task areas are in the fields of advanced lubrication, engineered tribological interfaces, advanced tribomaterials and components, and project management.

  20. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silviu Miloiu

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available I hope that the novelty of interpretation and the new findings behind the articles included in the first issue of RRSBN will attract scholarly and public interest and give birth to fresh academic debates on the exchange of cultural values between the Romanian space and Baltic and Nordic Europe in the past and – as this new magazine shows – in the present. The new networks created between Romanian and Baltic and Nordic scholars can open new avenues of cooperation and contribute to the progress of our scholarly and public agendas and the magazine is ready to become a mirror of those developments.

  1. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seif El-Nasr, Magy; Drachen, Anders; Canossa, Alessandro

    2013-01-01

    Game Analytics has gained a tremendous amount of attention in game development and game research in recent years. The widespread adoption of data-driven business intelligence practices at operational, tactical and strategic levels in the game industry, combined with the integration of quantitative...... measures in user-oriented game research, has caused a paradigm shift. Historically, game development has not been data-driven, but this is changing as the benefits of adopting and adapting analytics to inform decision making across all levels of the industry are becoming generally known and accepted....

  2. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Gossman, Lionel

    2015-01-01

    The name of Max, Freiherr von Oppenheim (1860–1946) still rings a bell in two fields of scholarly specialization. Among archaeologists and ethnographers working on ancient Near and Middle Eastern civilizations, he is well known as the discoverer of Tell Halaf, a rich treasure trove of artefacts, some dating from prehistoric times, some from around 1,000 B.C., in Northern Syria, and as an attentive and sympathetic observer and analyst of the customs and social structure of the Bedouins. In the...

  3. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Villarino Pérez, Montserrat; Ofelia REY CASTELAO; Sánchez Ameijeiras, Rocío

    2008-01-01

    Four years ago, the editorial board of the journal SEMATA decided to devote a special issue to gender studies. This idea came as a recognition of their consolidation in the general context of the humanities, the growing number of researchers working within this field, and their interdisciplinary character. Even if four years ago the planning of such a publication was still received with a certain reticence from some sectors, today the situation is much different. Gender, feminist and women st...

  4. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Urbanek, Piotr

    2016-01-01

    The book fits into a multidisciplinary research approach. The articles are the result of research conducted by eminent international economists, authors representing academic centres in different countries. The articles address current phenomena observed in the global economy. The authors do not aspire to comprehensively explain all the very complex and multi-dimensional economic developments, but illustrate many of these phenomena in an original way. The multi-threaded and multi-dimensional ...

  5. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An account is given of the potential hazard associated with the sites of United Kingdom atomic weapon tests at Maralinga and Emu, between 1953 and 1963. Nine major nuclear trials involving atomic explosions and several hundred smaller scale experiments which dispersed radioactive materials, were performed at the two locations. Radioactive contamination on the ground has resulted from both the close-in fall-out and the action of the intense pulse of neutrons on elements in the soil and on residual device material. A brief enunciation of the main radiation surveys and clean-up operations is provided. 14 refs., 2 figs

  6. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Svetlana Cojocaru; Victor Ufnarovski

    2008-01-01

    It is more than 10 years since we have published our first special issue devoted to the Computer Algebra. For us it was a starting point for the development of Computer Algebra in Moldova. Looking back we can say that this was a period during which we have found our own place in this very important part of modern Computer Science. It was, of course, impossible without the help of our colleagues from other countries, without the financial support from INTAS and Swedish Academy of Science. In f...

  7. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nosch, Marie-Louise Bech; Gillis, Carole

    2007-01-01

    The ntroduction contains a desctition of the conference event and of how during the conference a scientific need bacme evident: the need for an introdution to how to excavate archaeological textiles and how to proceed with the tranport, conservation and preservation of archaeological textiles....

  8. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Heavy Ion Laboratory of the Warsaw University is a user-type facility, providing heavy ion beams to a number of Polish and foreign research groups and, to a limited extent, for its own research programme. In 2007 the Warsaw Cyclotron delivered almost 2000 hours of beam on target. Fifteen experiments were performed following the recommendations of the Programme Advisory Committee and for these studies more than one hundred user accesses to our facility were granted. Among papers, published in 2007 and in the beginning of 2008, one should mention the first '' regular '' publication resulting from work using the Warsaw IGISOL system (Phys. Rev. C76(2007)054320), dealing with the α decay of a newly found isomer in 216Fr. The Lodz-Warsaw collaboration published a detailed description of their recently developed conversion electron spectrometer (NIM A585(2008)155), which is presently coupled to the gamma-ray multidetector system OSIRIS-II in order to investigate properties of long-lived isomeric states in gamma-electron coincidence measurements. Two papers from the Kiev-Krakow-Warsaw collaboration (Eur. Phys. J. A33(2007)317, Nucl. Phys. A785 (2007)293) describe the results of investigation of elastic and inelastic scattering of light heavy ions on light targets. Finally, a paper by visitors from Kielce presents the data obtained using directly the beam from the ECR ion source (Vacuum 81(2007) 1348). The section B of this Report presents on-going research projects. Let me quote a few examples of these contributions. The very active Coulomb Excitation group (based mainly at HIL) presents a new implementation of an algorithm allowing to speed up the data evaluation using the GOSIA code. After years of work with single germanium detectors, operating in coincidence with the CUDAC scattering chamber, the same group eventually migrated to the OSIRIS-II gamma-ray multidetector system, substantially increasing the event statistics in the study of Coulomb excited levels in 100Mo. A team led by Nuclear Physics Division of the Warsaw University continues its research on chiral symmetry breaking in nuclei in the mass region around A=130. Their recent experimental work resulted in a large set of nuclear level lifetimes in 130La measured using the Doppler Shift Attenuation Method The same group proposes a phenomenological classification of the symmetry breaking phenomenon based on the transition probabilities, previously determined using the Warsaw Cyclotron beams. Their achievements were clearly recognized by the Polish scientific community - Dr. Ernest Grodner from this group was awarded in 2007 the prestigious Zdzislaw Szymanski Prize, as well as the Prime Minister Prize for the best PhD thesis in 2006. A young and active team from the Department of Physics, University of Lodz reports on the conversion electron study of the 9 ms isomer in 132Ce. A substantial funding from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in December 2006 allowed us to order a part of the new ECR ion source from the French company PANTECHNIK. The contract between the Warsaw University and the Company was signed in the beginning of 2008. The strong involvement of the Heavy Ion Laboratory in the Warsaw PET Project was continued in 2007 and is described in section A. However, the installation of the Radiopharmaceuticals Production Centre in the Heavy Ion Laboratory building has been substantially delayed due to legal and administrative problems. After a lot of efforts, the deadline for the building adaptation and the equipment installation has been fixed for the beginning of 2009. The idea of constructing in Poland a fourth generation High Temperature Nuclear Reactor (HTR) emerged from our Laboratory. The process of coal to liquid fuels conversion would allow the reduction of CO2 emission. The future of this project, depending on decisions to be made at the governmental level, is still uncertain. However, its reception by at least a part of European atomic energy communities was encouraging. The rich programme of educational and science popularisation activities, in which the Laboratory staff is engaged, was continued in 2007 and is described in Part A of this Report. Another important and time-consuming activity was related to the HIL participation in the European Commission FP7 programmes. Last year, under call FP7-Infrastructures-2007-1 the proposal '' SPIRAL2-Preparatory Phase '' was accepted. Our Laboratory participates in one of the Work Packages of this proposal. Two other proposals were recently prepared by the European nuclear physics community within a similar EC call for 2008. The first one, ENSAR, as a successor of EURONS realized within the FP6 was mainly intended to finance the nuclear physics research via the European Large Scale Facilities. However, the activity and persistence of smaller laboratories from Central and Eastern Europe (operating within the East-West Outreach Network in EURONS) resulted in them being accepted into ENSAR within a common JRA EWIRA (East-West Integrated Research Activity). In addition, our Laboratory participates in one of the Networks of the ENSAR project. The second proposal, called EUCYNET, emanates from the network of small European cyclotrons operating for medical and material research applications. Within this proposal our Laboratory offers the Transnational Access to the presently operating heavy ion cyclotron as well as to the future proton machine. If it is accepted, we will also participate in three Networking Activities of this project. The two above-mentioned proposals were submitted to the EC at the end of February 2008. It is expected that the Evaluation Summary Reports will be sent to proposal coordinators mid-May 2008. (author)

  9. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prasad, Ramjee; Mihovska, Albena D.

    2009-01-01

    Wireless Ad hoc Networks / Wireless Mesh Networks / Pervasive Communications and Systems / Preview of the Book......Wireless Ad hoc Networks / Wireless Mesh Networks / Pervasive Communications and Systems / Preview of the Book...

  10. Introduction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Y. J. Cui

    2010-01-01

    @@ This is the second issue on unsaturated soil mechanics and deep geological nuclear waste disposal, corresponding to the International Symposium UNSAT-WASTE 2009 which was organised by Tongji University, China Three Gorges University, State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Ecole des Ponts ParisTech. This Symposium was held under the supports of TC6 (unsaturated soils) of ISSMGE, Commission on Radioactive Waste Disposal of ISRM, Commission on Underground Waste Disposal of CSRME, the National Natural Science Foundation of China and Earth Products China (EPC) Limited. Different experiences gained by various countries such as China, France, Germany, Belgium and Spain were presented and exchanged at the Symposium.

  11. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Anders Ib; Wiegand, Frauke Katharina; Kristensen, Tore

    2013-01-01

    Transvisuality—The Cultural Dimension of Visuality brings together leading scholars from all over the globe to examine what the visual means today. From art to new media, from branding to urban design, visual culture is a fundamental aspect our contemporary life, and the contributors here use the...

  12. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britz, Dieter

    This book is about the application of digital simulation to electrochemical problems. What is digital simulation? The term "simulation" came into wide use with the advent of analog computers, which could produce electrical signals that followed mathematical functions to describe or model a given physical system. When digital computers became common, people began to do these simulations digitally and called this digital simulation. What sort of systems do we simulate in electrochemistry? Most commonly they are electrochemical transport problems that we find difficult to solve, in all but a few model systems - when things get more complicated, as they do in real electrochemical cells, problems may not be solvable algebraically, yet we still want answers.

  13. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Annika; Damgaard, Bodil; Krogh, Andreas Hagedorn;

    2015-01-01

    a unique contribution to developing a new, multi-disciplinary theory of public innovation. The case studies are mainly based on qualitative data; however, the authors note that quantitative studies and mixed methods could potentially advance the research field even further. Nevertheless, the case studies...... of collaborative innovation processes; 3) Leadership is important for promoting collaborative innovation; and 4) Collaborative public innovation is relevant at all levels of governance. On these grounds, the chapter concludes that a promising research field is emerging but is still in its infancy and further......Governments all over Northern Europe have placed public innovation high on the political agenda. European governance researchers are seeking to map the impact of efforts to promote public innovation with a particular focus on the role of collaborative forms of governance in achieving this...

  14. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Hanne

    2010-01-01

    Introduktion til Religion in the 21st Century, der indeholder bidrag fra den afsluttende konference i Københavns Universitets satsningsområde 2003-2007 om Religion i det 21. århundrede. Bidrag om 'Political and Intellectual Challenge', 'The Religion and Science Debate', 'Islam and State Politics...

  15. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Beigbeder, Yves

    2015-01-01

    L'Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS) est une des seize institutions spécialisées liées à l'Organisation des Nations Unies par un accord officiel. Elle est une des quatre "grandes" institutions spécialisées, avec l'Organisation internationale du travail (OIT), l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) et l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture (UNESCO). Comme pour les autres organisations du "système des Nations Unies",...

  16. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah Hauptmann

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Over the past fifteen years most advanced education programmes within Schools of Architecture have been questioning the parameters and requirements of doctoral research both in terms of content and form. This double issue of Footprint was motivated by the question of where the field stands today. Footprint 10|11 presents nine contributions from both recently defended and developing PhD candidates from a variety of institutions. The diversity of their work, as well as the similarities found in the submissions, offers a partial view into research topics currently addressed in PhD programmes within Schools of Architecture. In addition to the nine papers by PhD researchers, we have included a paper by Andrew Leach that we believe provides an overview of the general state of contemporary architecture research. Leach makes an appeal to refrain from making all research operational. At a time when the application of research and its economic value seem to form the primary criteria for judging value, this appeal should not be taken lightly.

  17. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Machinal, Hélène

    2016-01-01

    Il est courant de ne connaître de la production littéraire de Sir Arthur Conan Doyle que les nouvelles mettant en scène Sherlock Holmes. Doyle est même un de ces rares auteurs qui créèrent un personnage devenu si familier aux lecteurs que ces derniers en ont oublié le créateur. Ce dernier a disparu parmi les ombres les plus immatérielles depuis le mois de juillet 1930, et pourtant, la créature fictionnelle parade toujours sous les feux de la rampe. Cette présence envahissante du personnage in...

  18. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boom W.H. van, Garde A., Akseli, O.; Boom W.H. van, Garde A., Akseli, O.

    2014-01-01

    In 2005, the EU Directive on Unfair Commercial Practices was adopted. The UCP Directive has the ambitious aim of addressing unfair commercial practices directly related to distorting consumers' economic behaviour concerning transactional decisions. In this introductory chapter to the edited volume "

  19. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waugh, Darryn W.; Polvani, Lorenzo M.

    Over the past few decades there has been intensive research into the Earth's stratosphere, which has resulted in major advances in our understanding of its dynamics, transport, and chemistry and its coupling with other parts of the atmosphere. This interest in the stratosphere was originally motivated by concerns regarding the stratospheric ozone layer, which plays a crucial role in shielding Earth's surface from harmful ultraviolet light. In the 1980s the depletion of ozone was first observed, with the Antarctic ozone hole being the most dramatic example, and then linked to increases in chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). These findings led to the signing of the Montreal Protocol, which regulates the production of CFCs and other ozone-depleting substances. Over the subsequent decades, extensive research has led to a much better understanding of the controls on stratospheric ozone and the impact of changes in CFC abundance (including the recovery of the ozone layer as the abundance of CFCs returns to historical levels). More recently, there has been added interest in the stratosphere because of its potential impact on surface climate and weather. This surface impact involves changes in the radiative forcing, the flux of ozone and other trace constituents into the troposphere, and dynamical coupling.

  20. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Ce chapitre analyse les éléments de contexte, national et international, qui ont encadré le scrutin législatif de juin 2009, en s’intéressant tant aux formes de résiliences qu’aux mutations qui affectent les règles du jeu électoral. Il décrit les enjeux de ces élections pour les différentes forces en présence. Puis, il examine les leçons du vote en termes d’équilibre conjoncturel entre les forces politiques concurrentes, mais aussi en termes d’évolution des leaderships et finalement de renouv...

  1. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Gustavo

    2005-01-01

    a number of challenges and limitations as well as new spaces for learning. In putting together the texts that make the present volume, the contributors engaged in a debate about what were the valuable aspects of this cross-cultural academic experience, which could be shared with other researchers......This volume is a documentation of experiences of academics from five institutions of higher education in Denmark (namely Roskilde University, Copenhagen Business School, Technical University of Denmark, Ålborg University and The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts) linked under the so-called Danish...

  2. Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saijo, Masayuki

    2015-11-01

    The Japanese Society for Vaccinology (JSV) is an academic organization with approximately 1000 members, who work to combat infectious disease outbreak, to develop vaccines, to look into the basic fundamentals of vaccinology, immunology, and infectious diseases, to clarify the epidemiology, and to produce vaccines. JSV has been established in 1997. Although JSV is still young scientific community in the field of a broad-range vaccinology in Japan, we believe that Japanese scientists in the field of vaccinology have contributed to combating or managing the infectious diseases and promotion of the basic research in vaccinology. Prof. M. Takahashi developed a highly attenuated varicella vaccine in the 1970s. Prof. S. Hashizume developed a highly attenuated smallpox vaccine. The development of these vaccines has contributed not only to reduce the burden of infectious diseases in our society, but also to developing the new vaccines for other infectious diseases in the future. The development of varicella vaccine by Prof. M. Takahashi is one of the great achievements in the vaccinology. We, the JSV members, believe that we need to keep and strengthen the academic activity in the field of vaccinology as we have done before. In this supplement, Special Issue from the Japanese Society for Vaccinology, the manuscripts submitted by the members of JSV, which are partly specific to Japan but contribute to the international society, are published. The contents of the manuscripts are focused on development of new vaccines, epidemiology of vaccine preventable diseases, evaluation of currently used vaccines, and basic vaccinology in Japan. PMID:26475446

  3. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    in ways not offered by these other thinkers. Bourdieu helps us rediscover the everyday practices. symbolic structures and arenas of conflict that bring many other actors into perspective. rather than just focusing on nation slates that produce (what we call) international politics. All engagement with his...... work redirects our discipline from being in influenced by overly abstract and simplified reifications of world politics. which is currently the case in both positivist and post-positivist IR schools. Bourdieu allows us to explore how people create international relations in their daily activities...

  4. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Colliot-Thélène, Catherine; Peña Ruiz, Henri

    2015-01-01

    Peut-on, doit-on enseigner l’éthique à l’école, et sous quelles formes ? Le numéro que nous présentons réunit quelques contributions à cette interrogation, aussi vieille que l’idée d’éducation elle-même, et qui se trouve posée à nouveau aujourd’hui, sur le fond de ce que Gilbert Hottois nomme « l’affairement éthique contemporain », dans des termes qui varient sensiblement selon les conjonctures sociales et politiques où chaque pays se trouve engagé. Contributions à la réflexion, et non répons...

  5. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thoma, Klaus; Hiller, Daniel

    Security research as a practical discipline has a long-standing history. Faced with myriad hazards throughout its past, mankind has developed sophisticated means to counter such threats. The latter include natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and fires, but also encompass man-made hazards such as military aggression, terrorist attacks or threats resulting from the malicious application of technological developments. Since the end of the Cold War major armed conflicts between nations of the Western hemisphere have become highly unlikely and genuinely different security issues have become the focus of concern. The terrorist attacks of 2001 against the United States, the train bombings of Madrid in 2004 and the bombings of London in 2005 were horrific embodiments of a new security environment that has evolved on a global scale. One could list numerous other examples of both executed attacks and successfully deterred attempts from around the world. Our modern industrial societies are interlinked with infrastructure networks, providing citizens with mobility, energy and information flows, which also open the door to a whole new dimension of vulnerabilities. Security research, once anything but a practical discipline with a capacity for reacting to short-term demands, has in the span of only a few years evolved into an entirely new scientific discipline uniting various fields of research. Today, security research (in Europe) encompasses a broad community of natural/engineering and social sciences.

  6. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk; Rasiah, Rajah

    2010-01-01

    policy on a number of interdisciplinary issues, and the emergence of new social and political pressures created by industrialization. These include their heightened vulnerability to complex economic crises, their use of sophisticated instruments in the labour process and increased awareness...... would be adopted widely for courses in Asian studies and political economy.’ – Hal Hill, The Australian National University ‘The different parts of the Southeast Asian puzzle fit better together as a consequence of reading this valuable book, which brings history back in to show how regions learn from...... of environmental issues. The distinguished authors present a regional and cross-border focus on transnational actors and institutions, and the policy issues and problems which have a wider impact on spatial configurations in the region. This insightful study will appeal to researchers, academics and policymakers...

  7. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Azuelos

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available À l’heure de l’avènement de la société de la connaissance, le thème de l’innovation apparaît comme central dans la réflexion sur la croissance et le développement des économies. De ce point de vue, les deux principales économies du monde anglo-saxon présentent un bilan contrasté. Si, depuis leur constitution, les États-Unis se sont attachés à stimuler l’innovation, au point de développer un système dont la performance en a fait, au XXe siècle, un modèle, l’économie britannique, berceau de la ...

  8. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Philipp

    2013-01-01

    Police practice operates in a setting of communications: interrogations have to be minuted; reports require drafting and submission; names need to be listed; and statistical calculations must be updated. Police authorities are keen to learn and implement new technologies and means of communication in order to improve and facilitate the internal communication of their administrative apparatus. Additionally, the police require the means to promote their institutional performance. Put simply, po...

  9. Introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research utilizing synchrotron radiation was initially carried out parasitically on synchrotrons and storage rings designed and operated for high energy physics. The National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at Brookhaven National Laboratory was one of the first facilities developed as a dedicated synchrotron radiation source. The NSLS facility is comprised of an 80 MeV electron linac which injects into a small (28-m circumference) booster synchrotron which accelerates the electrons up to 750 MeV. The booster serves as a full energy injector for the VUV storage ring, which operates at 750 MeV to provide radiation in the ultraviolet and soft X-ray regions of the spectrum. The booster also is used to inject electrons into the X-ray storage ring which operates at 2.5 GeV providing hard X-rays. Based upon the work of G.K. Green and R. Chasman the NSLS storage rings were designed to maximize the brightness of the synchrotron radiation source, i.e. maximize photons/sec/phase-space volume/unit bandwidth. The fundamental importance of brightness as a figure of merit of the radiation source is that brightness is left invariant by linear focusing optics. The photon beam can be focused to a small spot size at the expense of introducing a large angular divergence, or can be made very parallel at the expense of increasing the spot size. However, if an experiment requires an intense highly parallel photon beam incident on a small sample, then a high brightness source is required. In order to provide a high source brightness, the NSLS storage rings were designed to have small emittance. This was accomplished by using the Chasman-Green lattice design which utilizes achromatic bends with zero-dispersion insertions bounded by quadrupole doublets in the VUV ring and quadrupole triplets in the X-ray ring. The lattice functions for the VUV and X-ray rings are given

  10. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Dans sa plaquette Un maire à Paris, Yves Milhoud écrit : « Les rapports entre la Ville et l'Etat posent, pour notre cité, un problème particulièrement délicat. En effet, une certaine complexité naît des rôles multiples et des fonctions diverses remplies par Paris. Capitale de la France, siège de l'Elysée, Paris est aussi une municipalité dont les idées et les expériences peuvent servir de modèle. Une telle situation entraîne de la part de l'Etat une surveillance continuelle et le désir de sug...

  11. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Mellah, Faouez

    2016-01-01

    Champ et limites du débat Si, en ce qui concerne l’Etat dans les formations sociales centrales, nous disposons d’une multitude d’hypothèses pour en expliquer la genèse et en décrire les fonctions, nous ne disposons, à ce jour, d’aucune tentative systématique pour expliquer la mondialisation de l’Etat, sa genèse et ses fonctions dans les formations sociales périphériques. Si l’on excepte le positivisme qui constitue une approche empirique — pour ne pas dire pragmatique — du problème, ce vide n...

  12. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Bergère, Marc

    2015-01-01

    La multiplicité des structures répressives mises en place confère à l’épuration légale une dimension protéiforme que cette partie restitue à travers des chapitres consacrés à l’épuration judiciaire, à l’internement administratif, aux fonctions publiques (élus et agents de l’État) et au secteur privé (syndicats, entreprises, presse, médecins, Église…). Cette seconde partie embrasse ainsi les formes d’épuration les plus connues comme les plus confidentielles contribuant, par la même occasion, à...

  13. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Chenetier

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This « concept » or « test » issue  of the European Journal of American Studies gathers a series of presentations on the state of and problems posed by American Studies in a variety of European countries. As we endeavored to take advantage of the potential new dimension that might be given American Studies in Europe thanks to the generous hospitality of the « revues.org » website, it seemed fit to give Americanists and all readers interested in American Studies a general sense of the situatio...

  14. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Marc de Biasi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Tu n’avais pas rêvé, disais-tu, que l’amour allât jusque-là… Était-ce de la débauche pourtant ! Qu’était-ce donc ? À Louise Colet, Mercredi soir, 11 h. [Croisset, 21 octobre 1846.]L’œuvre et la Correspondance de Flaubert font à la réflexion sur l’amour et le plaisir sexuel une place presque aussi centrale que l’interrogation sur l’art et l’écriture littéraire. Au point que l’on peut se demander où se situe exactement pour l’écrivain la ligne de partage entre l’un et l’autre : exclusion, inclu...

  15. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerdrum Pedersen, Esben Rahbek; Gardetti, Miguel Angel

    2015-01-01

    This special issue has chosen to zoom in on new business models as one component in promoting a more sustainable fashion industry. The business model concept has recently come to the fore as a new, popular metaphor for explaining how companies create, deliver and capture value (Osterwalder...... and business model thinking (see e.g. Bocken et al., 2014; Michelini and Fiorentino, 2012; Yunus et al., 2010). This special issue makes a contribution to this literature by exploring how sustainability can be a driver for exploring new business models within a single industrial setting....

  16. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koper, Rob

    In 2003 we started a new research programme at the Centre for Learning Sciences and Technologies (CELSTEC) that was aiming to help people to further develop their professional competences by using the innovative powers of new media, mobile devices, and modern Internet services. The idea behind the programme was to contribute to one of the bigger challenges in our society: how to deal with the growing complexity, the growing quantity and the permanent changes in knowledge and technologies. For companies this question relates to the core of their business: how to become innovative and stay competitive. For the employees, the ‘professionals’, this question relates directly to their jobs: how to become and stay employable. In this book we will concentrate on the last group, the professionals and their question how to stay employable, how to keep up-to-date and how to develop professional competence during their careers. The professionals represent the human capital, the knowledge, the innovative power in our economy.

  17. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana S. ROŠKER

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Spirituality plays a significant role in shaping the cohesion of communities, their values, and their structures across the globe. Various religious practices and ideational systems are particularly complex in Asia. Home to some of the world major spiritual traditions such as Hinduism and Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism, as well as to a relevant number of practicing Christians, Muslims, and self-identified atheists and agnostics, Asia provides us with an intense and extraordinarily rich tapestry of different religious and spiritual practices...

  18. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Kravanja

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available

    Pour ce deuxième numéro consacré à l'œuvre signé Chris Marker j'ai le plaisir de présenter aux lecteurs les contributions (par ordre alphabétique de Christa Blümlinger, de Sarah Cooper, de Matthias De Groof, de Sylvain Dreyer, de Sarah French, d'Adrian Martin et de Susana S. Martins.

  19. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richey, Lisa Ann

    2015-01-01

    in academic debates. Key concepts of “celebrity”, “North-South relations” and “humanitarianism” are defined. Then, three relevant literatures for the study of celebrity humanitarianism are outlined: 1) the interdisciplinary literature on aid celebrities (international development studies and geography); 2...... Africa, China, Haiti, Congo, US, Denmark and Australia. Celebrity interventions provide an empirical focus point for studying the relations of power that may be reproduced or disputed from one context to another....

  20. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Xiaofeng; Chen, Jidong

    Advances in computer and telecommunication technologies have made mobile computing a reality. In a mobile computing environment, users can access information through wireless connections regardless of their physical location. In the last decade, this new kind of computing paradigm has gained great development and posed new challenges to databases. Mobile data management has attracted considerable attention. Moving objects databases that include the management of location information, has become an enabling technology for many location-based services applications. In this chapter, we introduce some background of moving objects management, including mobile computing and positioning technology, and then describe some applications in location-based services and mobile data management. Finally, we present the main content of moving objects databases technologies.

  1. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Eury, Pascaline

    2014-01-01

    Située géographiquement, historiquement et politiquement au cœur même des conflits du Moyen-Orient, plus particulièrement concernée par le problème palestinien auquel aucune solution satisfaisante n’a jusqu’à présent été trouvée, la Jordanie doit nécessairement attirer l’attention de tous ceux qui s’intéressent à cette région de "haute turbulence". Au plan intérieur, ce petit État de plus de trois millions d’habitants constitue également une véritable curiosité. Longtemps enfermée dans une dé...

  2. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Wyss-Neel, Hélène

    2013-01-01

    "Le Jutland, comme un bâton runique,Est posé entre deux mers,Les runes sont des dolmensAu milieu de la splendeur de la forêtEt sur la lande à la grandeur sévère,Où demeure le mirage du désert. Jutland, tu es le pays principal,Haute terre solitaire comme une forêt !Sauvagement, à l'ouest, le sable planté d'oyatsS'élève, à la place de montagnes.La Baltique et l'eau de la mer du NordSe confondent sur le sable de Skagen. La lande, certes on ne le croit guère,Mais viens toi-même, regarde-la un peu...

  3. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca; Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2014-01-01

    Benevolence, homogeneity and peace has never been the full story of the Nordic region. Building on a critical review of myths of ‘Norden’ in international relations theory and beyond (international political economy, security studies, regional and European integration theory and postcolonialism...... the developments towards increased independence and European integration, the article demonstrates the importance of imperial legacies. Firstly, it challenges Norden as a model security community. Secondly, it questions the image of a harmonious Nordic welfare model based on equality and consensus in light...

  4. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Caillet

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Nous sommes un petit groupe, à peine une dizaine, convaincus comme bien des ethnologues que le savoir s’élabore en relation avec un autre. Cet autre peut être un informateur, qui n’est pas un simple relais entre un fait qui serait réel et un ethnologue interprète, mais également un constructeur de théories, éventuellement un censeur d’élucubrations conceptuelles. Cet autre peut être un collègue français. Mais il est plus souvent japonais, car, spécialistes du Japon ou ayant affaire à des repr...

  5. [Introduction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerard, Adrienne; van den Bogaard, Alberts

    2008-01-01

    Along with the international trends in history of computing, Dutch contributions over the past twenty years moved away from a focus on machinery to the broader scope of use of computers, appropriation of computing technologies in various traditions, labour relations and professionalisation issues, and, lately, software. It is only natural that an emerging field like computer science sets out to write its genealogy and canonise the important steps in its intellectual endeavour. It is fair to say that a historiography diverging from such "home" interest, started in 1987 with the work of Eda Kranakis--then active in The Netherlands--commissioned by the national bureau for technology assessment, and Gerard Alberts, turning a commemorative volume of the Mathematical Center into a history of the same institute. History of computing in The Netherlands made a major leap in the spring of 1994 when Dirk de Wit, Jan van den Ende and Ellen van Oost defended their dissertations, on the roads towards adoption of computing technology in banking, in science and engineering, and on the gender aspect in computing. Here, history of computing had already moved from machines to the use of computers. The three authors joined Gerard Alberts and Onno de Wit in preparing a volume on the rise of IT in The Netherlands, the sequel of which in now in preparation in a team lead by Adrienne van den Bogaard. Dutch research reflected the international attention for professionalisation issues (Ensmenger, Haigh) very early on in the dissertation by Ruud van Dael, Something to do with computers (2001) revealing how occupations dealing with computers typically escape the pattern of closure by professionalisation as expected by the, thus outdated, sociology of professions. History of computing not only takes use and users into consideration, but finally, as one may say, confronts the technological side of putting the machine to use, software, head on. The groundbreaking works of the 2000 Paderborn meeting and by Martin Campbell-Kelly resonate in work done in The Netherlands and recently in a major research project sponsored by the European Science Foundation: Software for Europe. The four contributions to this issue offer a true cross-section of ongoing history of computing in The Netherlands. Gerard Alberts and Huub de Beer return to the earliest computers at the Mathematical Center. As they do so under the perspective of using the machines, the result is, let us say, remarkable. Adrienne van den Bogaard compares the styles of software as practiced by Van der Poel and Dijkstra: so much had these two pioneers in common, so different the consequences they took. Frank Veraart treats us with an excerpt from his recent dissertation on the domestication of the micro computer technology: appropriation of computing technology is shown by the role of intermediate actors. Onno de Wit, finally, gives an account of the development, prior to internet, of a national data communication network among large scale users and its remarkable persistence under competition with new network technologies.

  6. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noémie Étienne

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Version françaiseLes textes réunis ici sont issus d’un colloque académique organisé en octobre 2010 à l’Université de Genève. Pour la première fois, des historiens de l’art internationaux ont abordé conjointement un même sujet historique : la restauration des œuvres d’art, entre 1789 et 1815. Ce moment particulier, caractérisé par les conquêtes françaises et la politique de spoliation qui s’en suivit, demandait à être analysé dans une perspective géographique large. Contrairement aux nombreus...

  7. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Dreyfus, Michel; Ruffat, Michèle; Viet, Vincent; Voldman, Danièle

    2015-01-01

    Issue d’une enquête réalisée par les correspondants départementaux de l’Institut d’histoire du temps présent (IHTP), cette histoire s’inscrit dans le droit fil des études consacrées à la généalogie raisonnée de la protection sociale. Dans ce domaine où les sciences sociales se font écho depuis une trentaine d’années, l’empreinte des historiens de formation reste à vrai dire modeste. L’histoire de la protection sociale, des États-providence et des politiques sociales s’écrirait même, dans une ...

  8. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David-Claude Kemo Keimbou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Depuis le début des années 2010, on « commémore » le cinquantenaire des indépendances des pays d'Afrique noire francophone, de leurs armées, de leurs universités et grandes écoles, mais aussi de leur sport et mouvement sportif.

  9. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, P.A.M.; Hutte, E.

    2014-01-01

    For over 50 years Western initiatives to alleviate poverty were driven by a dominant logic that was based on the assumption that poor people were victims that needed to be helped by large-scale development aid projects to break the “vicious circle of poverty”. The late Peter Bauer said (1987: 30): “

  10. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leschke, Janine; Jepsen, Maria

    2012-01-01

    and governments' policy responses have also been widening labour market inequalities between different groups within countries, the authors argue, as illustrated by the disproportionate growth of youth employment and their specific focus on gender inequality. Cross-national variations in the content and structure...

  11. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peters, Chris

    2016-01-01

    the Google equivalent of a blank stare, even writing it down or saying it aloud feels a little awkward. This is almost certainly no discursive anomaly but is rather indicative of the subjugation of spatial thinking to temporal analysis within academia (Soja 1989). While space has been “treated as the dead...

  12. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herbst, Eric

    2016-07-01

    The formation of life remains a mystery. In our three-day scientific event, we will hear talks and see posters concerning what astrochemistry and astrobiology can currently tell us about this mystery. The first subject to be explored by our speakers will be astrochemistry, and what has been learned about the formation of complex molecules in star- and planet-forming regions of the interstellar medium. This topic will be sub-divided into three subjects: astronomical observations, laboratory experiments, and simulations of the chemistry leading to large molecules, both in the gas and on the surfaces of interstellar dust particles. Some introductory remarks will be given about these subjects. We will next learn about the roles of comets and exoplanets. We will hear how comets can produce water and complex molecules, and possibly deliver them to nascent planets such as the early earth, and we will learn what current space probes such as Rosetta can tell us about the chemical make-up of comets. Regarding exoplanets, speakers will explore their likely atmospheres, and what complex molecules can be simulated in them. The last part of the event will be divided into various fields of astrobiology, including synthetic approaches to primitive life, paths to observations of life on other worlds, simulations of the origin of life, and the particular role of hydrothermal environments. In summary, we will learn about significant progress in astrochemistry and astrobiology, and yet we will also learn about how much more must be known before we can solve in its entirety the basic problem of how life arose.

  13. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Andersson, Lars Gustaf; Sundholm, John; Vesterlund, Per

    2013-01-01

    Film has often been excluded from the other art forms when cultural policies have been discussedand implemented. This general tendency to place film outside «cultural policies proper» is due toseveral reasons. One is the relationship between industrial production and film art; film productioncompanies or cinema theatres have rather been connected to the sphere of national industry andcommerce, than to the sphere of cultural institutions. Another reason is the early establishment offilm as a m...

  14. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    « Une kyrielle de vers anémiques » : voilà comment Arthur Piaget jugeait les Pèlerinages de Guillaume de Digulleville ! Charles-Victor Langlois quant à lui évoque un « interminable récitatif » et avoue n’avoir pas eu le courage de les lire intégralement. L’abbé Gouget déjà, au xviii e siècle, regrettait que « ces instructions n’en finissent point ». À ces reproches de longueur et de monotonie, s’ajoutent des critiques sur la confusion du texte ou de la doctrine : le récit serait « plein de mé...

  15. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keagan LeJeune

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available I heard many stories growing up, ghost stories, buried treasure stories, and stories about family members. I have even heard my share of outlaw legends. Most wouldn’t figure that a young boy in Louisiana would hear many stories of outlaw robbers or gun fights, but throughout America outlaw legends abound, especially the “good outlaw” or heroic criminal. Most, though, do not exactly fit the pattern people are used to seeing in old western movies, but if people learn how to look, the legends are here. In Louisiana, the outlaw might not be a cowboy but a boat captain, and the loot might not be a stagecoach box but bootlegged alcohol. The outlaw may be an oilfield or sawmill worker, an old trapper, or even a computer hacker, but the core story is the same. An underdog fights some oppressive force for the benefit of the common people. That doesn’t mean people are still afraid of these people or that they embrace the life of an outlaw, but they are still fascinated by them and tell their stories. One of my students once wrote an essay about heroes, and his hero was the group of people he grew up with, “river rats,” for him people who live on Louisiana’s rivers and swamps. One of the group’s characteristics he found so appealing was their ability to evade the law, to skirt the rules and regulations that the government established but that the group did not embrace, such as hunting licenses or boat permits. One of the most detailed portions of the essay, and I must admit one of the most fascinating, explained how some of his relatives had developed a method for growing marijuana under the government’s nose by placing the plants in hollow trees trunks located in the vast marsh. He even referred to these figures as “our own Robin Hoods;” after all, in his mind they are defying the rules of an oppressive system for the benefit of the common people.

  16. Introduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muchie, Mammo; Baskaran, Angathevar

    2013-01-01

    head on means African countries have to organise their science, technology, engineering and innovation for a development agenda systematically, more in collaboration than in competition with one another. What appears to remain a deficit is the vast collaborative distance that still exists on matters...... of critical importance to the economic transformation of Africa....

  17. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renée Dickason

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The photograph chosen to illustrate the homepage of this Revue LISA/LISA e-journal number gives a foretaste of the reflection underlying this collection of contributions chosen for their multiplicity of approaches, of visions, of testimonies and of points of view, all intertwined in the subtle intricacies of the various narratives of History. Published after the end of hostilities in the Second World War, but apparently dating from some three weeks earlier, before the unconditional surrender,...

  18. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renée Dickason

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The content of this inaugural number of La Revue LISA/LISA e-journal falls into two parts. The first, larger, section, entitled IMAGES OF DERISION, IMAGES OF EXALTATION, The British Isles from the 18th to the 20th Century, National Issues, International Perspectives, originated in the colloquium organised by Renée Dickason and Gilbert Millat at the University of Lille III in October 2002. This selection of articles is followed by essays, under the heading of VARIA, which have New York as a co...

  19. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Garrait-Bourrier

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Ce numéro de La Revue LISA/LISA e-journal se concentre sur la valeur et l’authenticité du témoignage historique lorsqu’il est véhiculé par une forme littéraire subjective, qu’il s’agisse du témoignage autobiographique né de l’expérience vécue ou bien de l’interprétation subjectivée du témoignage par la fiction littéraire.Le champ scientifique que cette thématique se propose de couvrir est celui des études culturelles américaines des XIXe et XXe siècles directement en lien avec les écritures d...

  20. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Selbach

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Ce numéro de la revue LISA est à juste titre un questionnement tant les termes de la problématique sont polysémiques. Si notre appel à contributions suggérait deux pistes de réflexions – le rôle de l’art pour les minorités et les thèmes et inspirations de leurs œuvres –, le champ d’investigation prêtait à une pluralité de possibles, ce que démontrent les quatre articles et les six entretiens qui composent cet ouvrage.A commencer par la difficulté de donner une définition du mot « art », qu’il...

  1. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Helmig, Christoph; Bonazzi, Mauro

    2007-01-01

    This book examines the important but largely neglected issue of the intricate mutual influences between Platonism and Stoicism in the Hellenistic period, the Imperial Age, and after. Although this interrelationship is often termed "eclecticism," the authors of Platonic Stoicism reveal that the situation is much more complicated. Far from being eclectics, most Stoics and Platonists consciously appropriated material and integrated it into their own philosophical system. The dialogue between Pla...

  2. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Sriramesh; B. van Ruler; A. Zerfass

    2008-01-01

    One could make a reasonable argument that public relations is an ancient practice (going back millennia) although it has been popularly perceived as a 20th century phenomenon. Scholarship in public relations, however, is more recent in origin with a history of less than four decades. During these fo

  3. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Koma, Kyoko

    2013-01-01

    This book is the result of our international research, entitled Representations of Japanese Popular Culture in Europe, supported by the Japan Foundation 2012-2013. In 2007 we started analysing images of Japan from several points of view: images of Japan in tradition and modernity; images of Japan in comparison with the Korean case; images of Japan in several media; images of Japan from the historical point of view. In this issue, this research focuses on the acceptance of Japanese Popular ...

  4. Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuidam, Nicolaas Jan; Nedović, Viktor A.

    Consumers prefer food products that are tasty, healthy and convenient. Encapsulation, a process to entrap active agents into particles, is an important way to meet these demands by delivering food ingredients at the right time and place. For example, this technology may allow taste and aroma differentiation, mask bad tasting or bad smelling components, stabilize food ingredients and/or increase their bioavailability. Encapsulation may also be used to immobilize cells or enzymes in the production of food materials or products, as in fermentation or metabolite production.

  5. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Manninen, Lea Parjo, Asta; Jeskanen-Sundström, Heli

    2003-01-01

    \\emph{The papers in this issue}} focus on \\emph{Statistics Describing the Information Society}. Most of the papers originate from presentations given during the IAOS Satellite Meeting on Statistics for the Information Society, Tokyo 2001 in connection with the ISI Session in Seoul 2001. However, the authors have further developed and up-dated their papers. The aim of this special issue of the ISR is very much the same as the goal of the above mentioned IAOS Satellite Meeting...

  6. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Dumoulin, Laurence

    2015-01-01

    Le champ juridico-judiciaire est fortement structuré autour de découpages et de catégorisations internes telles que ordre administratif versus ordre judiciaire, droit privé versus droit public… La dichotomie civil/pénal n’est pas la moindre de ces distinctions. Elle est omniprésente dans les facultés de droit comme dans les juridictions et marque très profondément la manière dont les juristes pensent le droit et la justice. Cette coupure fait ainsi l’effet d’un « abîme que rien ne peut comble...

  7. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Mitchell, Claire

    2011-01-01

    Concerns about terrorism, human rights violations and transnational crime have come to predominate in today’s increasingly globalised international community. Yet parallel human rights concerns prevent a State from exposing those alleged to have been involved in such crimes to torture or other gross violations of human rights, both in the custodial State or elsewhere. The potentially contradicting desires to avoid impunity for offenders and to ensure the individual’s entitlement to protection...

  8. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Mol, Annemarie

    2013-01-01

    Ce livre oppose deux façons d’envisager la maladie. L’une, la logique du soin, est le sujet central du livre, tandis que l’autre, la logique du choix, fait contraste. Mais laissez-moi d’abord vous raconter quelques histoires. On peut les présenter comme des expériences personnelles ou comme des observations ethnographiques, la différence n’est pas vraiment pertinente. Toutes relatent des événements qui m’ont amenée à écrire ce livre, et elles fournissent une première approche des préoccupatio...

  9. Introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1947-01-01

    Flora Malesiana Bulletin No. 1 was issued in 150 copies, 112 of which were distributed to cooperating institutes, libraries, botanists and besides, to interested persons. A cardboard holder will be forwarded to libraries through the care of Dr Fr. Verdoorn, Waltham, Mass., U.S.A. In this number two

  10. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renée Dickason

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available It is fascinating to study history of propaganda in a British setting since it was a word which was used far less in Britain than in many other countries not least during the years leading up to the Second World War. […] Whether or not contemporaries in any generation used the word—and it is a word which itself demands detailed chronological charting— historians are compelled to use it. Sometimes its role is obvious, even crude, whether words or pictures are being employed. At other times its...

  11. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Skeet, Ian

    2005-01-01

    This is the 60th issue of Oxford Energy Forum. You will find its content somewhat different to what you are accustomed. In place of two ‘debates’, a separate article and a Personal Commentary, we have seven articles covering different aspects of the energy scene. We think that they will, each in its own way, give some idea of the changes that have occurred during the life of Forum. There are, of course, many other aspects of change that we might have addressed and which we will hope to look a...

  12. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Marat, Erica

    2011-01-01

    Two decades after the Soviet regime's collapse, military and security institutions of Central Asia play an ever more important role in supporting national regimes and addressing national and regional challenges. After becoming independent in 1991, the leaders of Central Asian countries increased their reliance on the military in address addressing security challenges. Too often, however, decisions over military institutions are concentrated in the hands of individual leaders that like to see ...

  13. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica Marat

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Two decades after the Soviet regime's collapse, military and security institutions of Central Asia play an ever more important role in supporting national regimes and addressing national and regional challenges. After becoming independent in 1991, the leaders of Central Asian countries increased their reliance on the military in address addressing security challenges. Too often, however, decisions over military institutions are concentrated in the hands of individual leaders that like to see ...

  14. Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred Hornung

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Forty years after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the charismatic leader of the civil rights movement, Barack H. Obama was elected the first African American president of the United States of America in 2008. Although U.S. Attorney General Robert Kennedy had predicted in 1961 that a black person could be president like his brother “in the next thirty or forty years,” nobody really expected this kind of victory to come true.

  15. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Hohmann, Sebastian

    2012-01-01

    Europe’s debt crises of 2009 onward raise at least two challenges for economics. First, the idea of a “graduation” to invulnerability to default looks false. Today’s advanced economies may default less frequently than during earlier centuries or than many developing countries today, but with large enough debt burdens, even they get into trouble. Fundamentals, in other words, still matter. Second, democratically elected governments seem extremely keen to avoid default, even if this implies con...

  16. Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Osaghae, Eghosa E.

    2013-01-01

    After a long period of neglect and apparent abandonment by many scholars, the study of ethnicity in Nigeria and other parts of Africa has been revived, and with as much vigor as that which attended its ascendancy in African studies in the 1960s. The reasons for the reawakening are not surprising: economic depression and consequent migration have forced people back to interest-begotten weapons like ethnicity, in the desperate struggle to survive; democratic processes have resurrected old unset...

  17. Introduction

    KAUST Repository

    Chikalov, Igor

    2011-01-01

    Decision trees appeared in 50-60s of the last century in theoretical computer science [14, 64, 80] and applications [24, 37]. Similar objects are also considered by natural and social sciences, for example, taxonomy keys [30] or questionnaires [63]. Decision trees naturally represent identification and testing algorithms that specify the next test to perform based on the results of the previous tests. A number of particular formulations were generalized by Garey [27] as identification problem that is a problem of distinguishing objects described by a common set of attributes. More general formulation is provided by decision table framework [34, 65] where objects can have incomplete set of attributes and non-unique class labels. In that case, acquiring class label is enough to solve the problem: identifying a particular object is not required. In this context, decision trees found many applications in test theory [39, 45, 46, 81], fault diagnosis [14, 60, 72], rough set theory [61, 62], discrete optimization, non-procedural programming languages [34], analysis of algorithm complexity [38], computer vision [74], computational geometry [69]. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011.

  18. Astrophysics a very short introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Binney, James

    2016-01-01

    Astrophysics is the physics of the stars, and more widely the physics of the Universe. It enables us to understand the structure and evolution of planetary systems, stars, galaxies, interstellar gas, and the cosmos as a whole. In this Very Short Introduction, the leading astrophysicist James Binney shows how the field of astrophysics has expanded rapidly in the past century, with vast quantities of data gathered by telescopes exploiting all parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, combined with the rapid advance of computing power, which has allowed increasingly effective mathematical modelling. He illustrates how the application of fundamental principles of physics - the consideration of energy and mass, and momentum - and the two pillars of relativity and quantum mechanics, has provided insights into phenomena ranging from rapidly spinning millisecond pulsars to the collision of giant spiral galaxies. This is a clear, rigorous introduction to astrophysics for those keen to cut their teeth on a conceptual trea...

  19. A concise introduction to analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Stroock, Daniel W

    2015-01-01

    This book provides an introduction to the basic ideas and tools used in mathematical analysis. It is a hybrid cross between an advanced calculus and a more advanced analysis text and covers topics in both real and complex variables. Considerable space is given to developing Riemann integration theory in higher dimensions, including a rigorous treatment of Fubini's theorem, polar coordinates and the divergence theorem. These are used in the final chapter to derive Cauchy's formula, which is then applied to prove some of the basic properties of analytic functions. Among the unusual features of this book is the treatment of analytic function theory as an application of ideas and results in real analysis. For instance, Cauchy's integral formula for analytic functions is derived as an application of the divergence theorem. The last section of each chapter is devoted to exercises that should be viewed as an integral part of the text. A Concise Introduction to Analysis should appeal to upper level undergraduate math...

  20. Introduction to micromechanisms and microactuators

    CERN Document Server

    Ghosh, Amitabha

    2015-01-01

    This book presents a basic introduction to micromechanisms and microactuators, particularly to their basic configurations and design. This book fills the persisting gap in the published literature on the mechanical manipulative aspects of micromechanisms. It also helps in offering specialized introductory courses on micromechanisms and microactuators not as part of MEMS sensing devices, but as mechanical manipulative systems. The level of the book is suitable for use in both undergraduate and introductory graduate programmes. The book presents an overview of miniaturization and scaling laws, basic design principles of micro-sized mechanisms and actuators, micro-fabrication processes, and some futuristic issues. The volume contains a large number of figures and illustrations for easy understanding by the readers. It will also be useful to researchers and professionals looking for an introduction to the topic.

  1. An introduction to mathematical cryptography

    CERN Document Server

    Hoffstein, Jeffrey; Silverman, Joseph H

    2014-01-01

    This self-contained introduction to modern cryptography emphasizes the mathematics behind the theory of public key cryptosystems and digital signature schemes. The book focuses on these key topics while developing the mathematical tools needed for the construction and security analysis of diverse cryptosystems. Only basic linear algebra is required of the reader; techniques from algebra, number theory, and probability are introduced and developed as required. This text provides an ideal introduction for mathematics and computer science students to the mathematical foundations of modern cryptography. The book includes an extensive bibliography and index; supplementary materials are available online. The book covers a variety of topics that are considered central to mathematical cryptography. Key topics include: classical cryptographic constructions, such as Diffie–Hellmann key exchange, discrete logarithm-based cryptosystems, the RSA cryptosystem, and digital signatures; fundamental mathematical tools for cr...

  2. An introduction to differential manifolds

    CERN Document Server

    Lafontaine, Jacques

    2015-01-01

    This book is an introduction to differential manifolds. It gives solid preliminaries for more advanced topics: Riemannian manifolds, differential topology, Lie theory. It presupposes little background: the reader is only expected to master basic differential calculus, and a little point-set topology. The book covers the main topics of differential geometry: manifolds, tangent space, vector fields, differential forms, Lie groups, and a few more sophisticated topics such as de Rham cohomology, degree theory and the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for surfaces. Its ambition is to give solid foundations. In particular, the introduction of “abstract” notions such as manifolds or differential forms is motivated via questions and examples from mathematics or theoretical physics. More than 150 exercises, some of them easy and classical, some others more sophisticated, will help the beginner as well as the more expert reader. Solutions are provided for most of them. The book should be of interest to various readers: undergra...

  3. Complexity a very short introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Holland, John H

    2014-01-01

    The importance of complexity is well-captured by Hawking's comment: "Complexity is the science of the 21st century". From the movement of flocks of birds to the Internet, environmental sustainability, and market regulation, the study and understanding of complex non-linear systems has become highly influential over the last 30 years. In this Very Short Introduction, one of the leading figures in the field, John Holland, introduces the key elements and conceptual framework of complexity. From complex physical systems such as fluid flow and the difficulties of predicting weather, to complex adaptive systems such as the highly diverse and interdependent ecosystems of rainforests, he combines simple, well-known examples - Adam Smith's pin factory, Darwin's comet orchid, and Simon's 'watchmaker' - with an account of the approaches, involving agents and urn models, taken by complexity theory. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost eve...

  4. Introduction au filtre de Kalman

    OpenAIRE

    Alazard, Daniel

    2006-01-01

    Ce document est une introduction au filtre optimal de Kalman appliquée aux systèmes linéaires. On suppose connues la théorie des asservissements linéaires et du filtrage fréquentiel (continu et discret) ainsi que les notions d'états pour représenter les systèmes dynamiques linéaires.

  5. Introduction to compressible fluid flow

    CERN Document Server

    Oosthuizen, Patrick H

    2013-01-01

    IntroductionThe Equations of Steady One-Dimensional Compressible FlowSome Fundamental Aspects of Compressible FlowOne-Dimensional Isentropic FlowNormal Shock WavesOblique Shock WavesExpansion Waves - Prandtl-Meyer FlowVariable Area FlowsAdiabatic Flow with FrictionFlow with Heat TransferLinearized Analysis of Two-Dimensional Compressible FlowsHypersonic and High-Temperature FlowsHigh-Temperature Gas EffectsLow-Density FlowsBibliographyAppendices

  6. Introduction: Life in the Web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana Mateescu

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The article serves as an introduction to the current journal issue on Online Lives. It discusses and connects the research papers here under three different rubrics: the hopes and fears raised by a world where information is inescapable, the potential and risk of online identities and, finally, the forms of knowledge and participation that define the current architecture of a Web dominated by user-generated content.

  7. An introduction to equilibrium thermodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Morrill, Bernard; Hartnett, James P; Hughes, William F

    1973-01-01

    An Introduction to Equilibrium Thermodynamics discusses classical thermodynamics and irreversible thermodynamics. It introduces the laws of thermodynamics and the connection between statistical concepts and observable macroscopic properties of a thermodynamic system. Chapter 1 discusses the first law of thermodynamics while Chapters 2 through 4 deal with statistical concepts. The succeeding chapters describe the link between entropy and the reversible heat process concept of entropy; the second law of thermodynamics; Legendre transformations and Jacobian algebra. Finally, Chapter 10 provides a

  8. Introduction to digital communication systems

    CERN Document Server

    Wesolowski, Krzysztof

    2009-01-01

    Combining theoretical knowledge and practical applications, this advanced-level textbook covers the most important aspects of contemporary digital communication systems. Introduction to Digital Communication Systems focuses on the rules of functioning digital communication system blocks, starting with the performance limits set by the information theory. Drawing on information relating to turbo codes and LDPC codes, the text presents the basic methods of error correction and detection, followed by baseband transmission methods, and single- and multi-carrier digital modulations. The basi

  9. Introduction : a comprehensive digital communication

    OpenAIRE

    Denicoli, Sérgio; Sousa, Helena

    2012-01-01

    [Introduction] This book analyses several aspects of media convergence particularly related with the digitization of the transmission channels which give the world a binary nature. This technical specification of the information society abolishes the frontiers between the old mass media and the new computer systems which mainly operate within a peer-to-peer logic resulting in sociological changes that are still nebulous but nevertheless significantly impacting on the formation of communicatio...

  10. Introduction to (participatory) design games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Eva

    2014-01-01

    This article gives an introduction to (participatory) design games in three rounds. Firstly it argues that designing design games is a particular and very productive genre for formatting participation and design dialogues during ongoing design projects. Secondly it presents some of the main...... contributions to the development of design games in a historical perspective, and thirdly it introduces three recent PhD dissertations that all but in very different ways have investigated design games in more detail....

  11. Introduction to Fuzzy Set Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosko, Bart

    1990-01-01

    An introduction to fuzzy set theory is described. Topics covered include: neural networks and fuzzy systems; the dynamical systems approach to machine intelligence; intelligent behavior as adaptive model-free estimation; fuzziness versus probability; fuzzy sets; the entropy-subsethood theorem; adaptive fuzzy systems for backing up a truck-and-trailer; product-space clustering with differential competitive learning; and adaptive fuzzy system for target tracking.

  12. An introduction to orthogonal polynomials

    CERN Document Server

    Chihara, Theodore S

    2011-01-01

    Assuming no further prerequisites than a first undergraduate course in real analysis, this concise introduction covers general elementary theory related to orthogonal polynomials. It includes necessary background material of the type not usually found in the standard mathematics curriculum. Suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses, it is also appropriate for independent study. Topics include the representation theorem and distribution functions, continued fractions and chain sequences, the recurrence formula and properties of orthogonal polynomials, special functions, and some

  13. Game theory a nontechnical introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Davis, Morton D

    1997-01-01

    ""A lucid and penetrating development of game theory that will appeal to the intuition . . . a most valuable contribution."" - Douglas R. Hofstadter Fascinating, accessible introduction to enormously important intellectual system with numerous applications to social, economic, political problems. Newly revised edition offers overview of game theory, then lucid coverage of the two-person zero-sum game with equilibrium points; the general, two-person zero-sum game; utility theory; other topics. Problems at start of each chapter.

  14. Computer science a concise introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Sinclair, Ian

    2014-01-01

    Computer Science: A Concise Introduction covers the fundamentals of computer science. The book describes micro-, mini-, and mainframe computers and their uses; the ranges and types of computers and peripherals currently available; applications to numerical computation; and commercial data processing and industrial control processes. The functions of data preparation, data control, computer operations, applications programming, systems analysis and design, database administration, and network control are also encompassed. The book then discusses batch, on-line, and real-time systems; the basic

  15. An introduction to astrophysical hydrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Shore, Steven N

    1992-01-01

    This book is an introduction to astrophysical hydrodynamics for both astronomy and physics students. It provides a comprehensive and unified view of the general problems associated with fluids in a cosmic context, with a discussion of fluid dynamics and plasma physics. It is the only book on hydrodynamics that addresses the astrophysical context. Researchers and students will find this work to be an exceptional reference. Contents include chapters on irrotational and rotational flows, turbulence, magnetohydrodynamics, and instabilities.

  16. Introduction to the operational calculus

    CERN Document Server

    Berg, Lothar

    2013-01-01

    Introduction to the Operational Calculus is a translation of ""Einfuhrung in die Operatorenrechnung, Second Edition."" This book deals with Heaviside's interpretation, on the Laplace integral, and on Jan Mikusinki's fundamental work ""Operational Calculus."" Throughout the book, basic algebraic concepts appear as aids to understanding some relevant points of the subject. An important field for research in analysis is asymptotic properties. This text also discusses examples to show the potentialities in applying operational calculus that run beyond ordinary differential equations with constant

  17. Introduction to Loop Quantum Gravity

    OpenAIRE

    Mercuri, Simone

    2012-01-01

    The questions I have been asked during the 5th International School on Field Theory and Gravitation, have compelled me to give an account of the premises that I consider important for a beginner's approach to Loop Quantum Gravity. After a description of some general arguments and an introduction to the canonical theory of gravity, I review the background independent approach to quantum gravity, giving only a brief survey of Loop Quantum Gravity.

  18. Practical Introduction to Clustering Data

    CERN Document Server

    Hartmann, Alexander K

    2016-01-01

    Data clustering is an approach to seek for structure in sets of complex data, i.e., sets of "objects". The main objective is to identify groups of objects which are similar to each other, e.g., for classification. Here, an introduction to clustering is given and three basic approaches are introduced: the k-means algorithm, neighbour-based clustering, and an agglomerative clustering method. For all cases, C source code examples are given, allowing for an easy implementation.

  19. Theory of viscoelasticity an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Christensen, R

    1982-01-01

    Theory of Viscoelasticity: An Introduction, Second Edition discusses the integral form of stress strain constitutive relations. The book presents the formulation of the boundary value problem and demonstrates the separation of variables condition.The text describes the mathematical framework to predict material behavior. It discusses the problems to which integral transform methods do not apply. Another topic of interest is the thermoviscoelastic stress analysis. The section that follows describes the heat conduction, glass transition criterion, viscoelastic Rayleigh waves, optimal str

  20. Introduction to chemical reaction engineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This deals with chemical reaction engineering with thirteen chapters. The contents of this book are introduction on reaction engineering, chemical kinetics, thermodynamics and chemical reaction, abnormal reactor, non-isothermal reactor, nonideal reactor, catalysis in nonuniform system, diffusion and reaction in porosity catalyst, design catalyst heterogeneous reactor in solid bed, a high molecule polymerization, bio reaction engineering, reaction engineering in material process, control multi-variable reactor process using digital computer.

  1. An Introduction to Business Mathematics

    OpenAIRE

    Henk van Elst

    2015-01-01

    These lecture notes provide a self-contained introduction to the mathematical methods required in a Bachelor degree programme in Business, Economics, or Management. In particular, the topics covered comprise real-valued vector and matrix algebra, systems of linear algebraic equations, Leontief's stationary input-output matrix model, linear programming, elementary financial mathematics, as well as differential and integral calculus of real-valued functions of one real variable. A special focus...

  2. Lattice QCD: A Brief Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, H. B.

    A general introduction to lattice QCD is given. The reader is assumed to have some basic familiarity with the path integral representation of quantum field theory. Emphasis is placed on showing that the lattice regularization provides a robust conceptual and computational framework within quantum field theory. The goal is to provide a useful overview, with many references pointing to the following chapters and to freely available lecture series for more in-depth treatments of specifics topics.

  3. Subtropical atlantic climate studies: introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molinari, R L; Maul, G A; Chew, F; Wilson, W D; Busheell, M; Mayer, D; Leaman, K; Schott, F; Lee, T; Zantopp, R; Larsen, J C; Sanford, T B

    1985-01-18

    This report is an introduction to the accompanying collection of reports that present the results of a 2-year period of intensive monitoring of the Florida Current. Both direct observing systems (ship-deployed current profilers and moored current meters) and indirect observing systems (coastal tide gauge stations, bottom pressure gauge arrays, a submarine cable, acoustic arrays, and radar installations) were used to measure temperature and volume transport. PMID:17742098

  4. Introduction to flood control science

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book covers introduction, industrialization disaster such as Bhopal and Chernobyl disaster, earthquake disaster, volcano disaster, avalanche disaster including loss allocation and prevention measures, and natural fire by showing California, Yellowstone park and similarity between fire and flood. It also introduces climate change and disaster, Earth's greenhouse effect and disaster due to current sea level rise, flood damage, drought disaster, famine and drought, prediction of drought, population problems, outlook of world population, and disaster prevention administration system of Korea.

  5. Introduction to Measurement with Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Barnett, William A.; Diewert, W. Erwin; Zellner, Arnold

    2009-01-01

    This working paper is the first draft of an overview and commentary on the papers to appear in a Macroeconomic Dynamics Special Issue on Measurement with Theory. The included papers in the special issue are part of a larger initiative to promote "measurement with theory" in economics and planned to appear as special issues of other journals. A later revised draft of this initial commentary is planned to appear as the introduction to the Macroeconomic Dynamics special issue, expected to appe...

  6. Introduction to the elementary particle physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An introduction is given to the subject of elementary particle physics. Several particle properties are discussed and some models are shown. This introduction covers the theoretical as well as the experimental aspects including a topic on detectors. (L.C.)

  7. La promesse du bonheur : introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed, Sara

    2016-01-01

    Figure de la phénoménologie queer, Sara Ahmed interroge au fil de son œuvre les injonctions et identifications que produisent des affects spécifiques pour mieux penser l’ampleur politique des mouvements féministes, queer et noirs. Dans le prolongement d’un travail sur les politiques culturelles des émotions (2004), elle pose ici les bases d’une critique de la pensée du bonheur. La promesse du bonheur, dont est extraite la présente introduction, interroge ce que produit le désir de bonheur. Me...

  8. Introduction to quantum field theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lectures appear to be a continuation to the introduction to elementary principles of the quantum field theory. The work is aimed at constructing the formalism of standard particle interaction model. Efforts are made to exceed the limits of the standard model in the quantum field theory context. Grand unification models including strong and electrical weak interactions, supersymmetric generalizations of the standard model and grand unification theories and, finally, supergravitation theories including gravitation interaction to the universal scheme, are considered. 3 refs.; 19 figs.; 2 tabs

  9. Introduction to electronic analogue computers

    CERN Document Server

    Wass, C A A

    1965-01-01

    Introduction to Electronic Analogue Computers, Second Revised Edition is based on the ideas and experience of a group of workers at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, Hants. This edition is almost entirely the work of Mr. K. C. Garner, of the College of Aeronautics, Cranfield. As various advances have been made in the technology involving electronic analogue computers, this book presents discussions on the said progress, including some acquaintance with the capabilities of electronic circuits and equipment. This text also provides a mathematical background including simple differen

  10. Introduction to unmanned aircraft systems

    CERN Document Server

    Marshall, Douglas M; Hottman, Stephen B; Shappee, Eric; Most, Michael Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Introduction to Unmanned Aircraft Systems is the editors' response to their unsuccessful search for suitable university-level textbooks on this subject. A collection of contributions from top experts, this book applies the depth of their expertise to identify and survey the fundamentals of unmanned aircraft system (UAS) operations. Written from a nonengineering civilian operational perspective, the book starts by detailing the history of UASs and then explores current technology and what is expected for the future. Covering all facets of UAS elements and operation-including an examination of s

  11. An introduction to modern cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Liddle, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    An Introduction to Modern Cosmology Third Edition is an accessible account of modern cosmological ideas. The Big Bang Cosmology is explored, looking at its observational successes in explaining the expansion of the Universe, the existence and properties of the cosmic microwave background, and the origin of light elements in the universe. Properties of the very early Universe are also covered, including the motivation for a rapid period of expansion known as cosmological inflation. The third edition brings this established undergraduate textbook up-to-date with the rapidly evolving observation

  12. Nothing a very short introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Close, Frank

    2009-01-01

    What is 'nothing'? What remains when you take all the matter away? Can empty space - a void - exist? This Very Short Introduction explores the science and the history of the elusive void: from Aristotle who insisted that the vacuum was impossible, via the theories of Newton and Einstein, to our very latest discoveries and why they can tell us extraordinary things about the cosmos. Frank Close tells the story of how scientists have explored the elusive void, and the rich discoveries that they have made there. He takes the reader on a lively and accessible history through ancient ideas and cultural superstitions to the frontiers of current research

  13. Solid state physics an introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Hofmann, Philip

    2008-01-01

    Written by the 2011 Gaede Award Winner Filling a gap in the literature for a brief course in solid sate physics, this is a clear and concise introduction that not only describes all the basic phenomena and concepts, but also discusses such advanced issues as magnetism and superconductivity. This textbook assumes only basic mathematical knowledge on the part of the reader and includes more than 100 discussion questions and some 70 problems with solutions as well as further supplementary material available for free to lecturers from the Wiley-VCH website. From the Contents:Chemical Bonding in So

  14. Introduction to computational linear algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Nassif, Nabil; Erhel, Jocelyne

    2015-01-01

    Introduction to Computational Linear Algebra introduces the reader with a background in basic mathematics and computer programming to the fundamentals of dense and sparse matrix computations with illustrating examples. The textbook is a synthesis of conceptual and practical topics in ""Matrix Computations."" The book's learning outcomes are twofold: to understand state-of-the-art computational tools to solve matrix computations problems (BLAS primitives, MATLAB® programming) as well as essential mathematical concepts needed to master the topics of numerical linear algebra. It is suitable for s

  15. Fractals a very short introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Falconer, Kenneth

    2013-01-01

    Many are familiar with the beauty and ubiquity of fractal forms within nature. Unlike the study of smooth forms such as spheres, fractal geometry describes more familiar shapes and patterns, such as the complex contours of coastlines, the outlines of clouds, and the branching of trees. In this Very Short Introduction, Kenneth Falconer looks at the roots of the 'fractal revolution' that occurred in mathematics in the 20th century, presents the 'new geometry' of fractals, explains the basic concepts, and explores the wide range of applications in science, and in aspects of economics.This is esse

  16. Magnetism a very short introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Blundell, Stephen J

    2012-01-01

    Magnetism: A Very Short Introduction explains the mysteries and importance of magnetism. For centuries magnetism has been used for various exploits: as a great healer, a navigation aid through compasses, and through motors, generators, and turbines it has given us power. Our understanding of electricity and magnetism, from the work of Galvani, Ampère, Faraday, and Tesla is explored, and how Maxwell and Faraday's work led to the unification of electricity and magnetism is explained. With a discussion of the relationship between magnetism and relativity, quantum magnetism, and its impact on computers and information storage, how magnetism has changed our fundamental understanding of the Universe is shown.

  17. Introduction to algebra and trigonometry

    CERN Document Server

    Kolman, Bernard

    1981-01-01

    Introduction to Algebra and Trigonometry provides a complete and self-contained presentation of the fundamentals of algebra and trigonometry.This book describes an axiomatic development of the foundations of algebra, defining complex numbers that are used to find the roots of any quadratic equation. Advanced concepts involving complex numbers are also elaborated, including the roots of polynomials, functions and function notation, and computations with logarithms. This text also discusses trigonometry from a functional standpoint. The angles, triangles, and applications involving triangles are

  18. An introduction to microwave measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Basu, Ananjan

    2014-01-01

    IntroductionAim and ScopeGeneral Electronic Measurements and Frequency LimitationsApplications and Importance of Microwave MeasurementsOverview of State-of-the-Art Microwave MeasurementsReferencesBackground InformationS-Parameters and Related Black-Box RepresentationSpectra of Commonly Encountered SignalsMicrowave Filters and Directional CouplersMicrowave Mixers, Switches, Attenuators, and ConnectorsConclusionProblemsReferencesTraditional Measurement TechniquesThe Power MeterTransmission MeasurementReflection MeasurementConclusionProblemsReferencesVector Network AnalyzerEnhancement of Scalar M

  19. Introduction to semiconductor manufacturing technology

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    IC chip manufacturing processes, such as photolithography, etch, CVD, PVD, CMP, ion implantation, RTP, inspection, and metrology, are complex methods that draw upon many disciplines. [i]Introduction to Semiconductor Manufacturing Technologies, Second Edition[/i] thoroughly describes the complicated processes with minimal mathematics, chemistry, and physics; it covers advanced concepts while keeping the contents accessible to readers without advanced degrees. Designed as a textbook for college students, this book provides a realistic picture of the semiconductor industry and an in-depth discuss

  20. Moons a very short introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Rothery, David A

    2015-01-01

    Moons: A Very Short Introduction introduces the reader to the varied and fascinating moons of our Solar System. Beginning with the early discoveries of Galileo and others, it describes their variety of mostly mythological names, and the early use of Jupiter’s moons to establish position at sea and to estimate the speed of light. It discusses the structure, formation, and profound influence of our Moon, those of the other planets, and ends with the recent discovery of moons orbiting asteroids, whilst looking forward to the possibility of discovering microbial life beyond Earth and of finding moons of exoplanets in planetary systems far beyond our own.