WorldWideScience

Sample records for women textile workers

  1. Association of rotating shiftwork with preterm births and low birth weight among never smoking women textile workers in China.

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, X; Ding, M; Li, B.; Christiani, D C

    1994-01-01

    1035 married women workers in three modern textile mills in Anhui, China were surveyed to investigate the association of rotating shiftwork with low birth weight and preterm birth in 1992. Information on reproductive health, occupational exposure history, and other covariates including age at pregnancy, time and duration of leave from job since pregnancy, and mill location was obtained by trained nurses with a standardised questionnaire. This analysis was limited to 845 women (887 live births...

  2. Occupational Exposure to Magnetic Fields and Breast Cancer Among Women Textile Workers in Shanghai, China

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Wenjin; Ray, Roberta M.; Thomas, David B.; Yost, Michael; Davis, Scott; Breslow, Norman; Gao, Dao Li; Fitzgibbons, E. Dawn; Camp, Janice E.; Wong, Eva; Wernli, Karen J.; Checkoway, Harvey

    2013-01-01

    Exposure to magnetic fields (MFs) is hypothesized to increase the risk of breast cancer by reducing production of melatonin by the pineal gland. A nested case-cohort study was conducted to investigate the association between occupational exposure to MFs and the risk of breast cancer within a cohort of 267,400 female textile workers in Shanghai, China. The study included 1,687 incident breast cancer cases diagnosed from 1989 to 2000 and 4,702 noncases selected from the cohort. Subjects’ comp...

  3. Occupational exposure to magnetic fields and breast cancer among women textile workers in Shanghai, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wenjin; Ray, Roberta M; Thomas, David B; Yost, Michael; Davis, Scott; Breslow, Norman; Gao, Dao Li; Fitzgibbons, E Dawn; Camp, Janice E; Wong, Eva; Wernli, Karen J; Checkoway, Harvey

    2013-10-01

    Exposure to magnetic fields (MFs) is hypothesized to increase the risk of breast cancer by reducing production of melatonin by the pineal gland. A nested case-cohort study was conducted to investigate the association between occupational exposure to MFs and the risk of breast cancer within a cohort of 267,400 female textile workers in Shanghai, China. The study included 1,687 incident breast cancer cases diagnosed from 1989 to 2000 and 4,702 noncases selected from the cohort. Subjects' complete work histories were linked to a job-exposure matrix developed specifically for the present study to estimate cumulative MF exposure. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using Cox proportional hazards modeling that was adapted for the case-cohort design. Hazard ratios were estimated in relation to cumulative exposure during a woman's entire working years. No association was observed between cumulative exposure to MFs and overall risk of breast cancer. The hazard ratio for the highest compared with the lowest quartile of cumulative exposure was 1.03 (95% confidence interval: 0.87, 1.21). Similar null findings were observed when exposures were lagged and stratified by age at breast cancer diagnosis. The findings do not support the hypothesis that MF exposure increases the risk of breast cancer. PMID:24043439

  4. An ergonomic study of women workers in a woolen textile factory for identification of health-related problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metgud D

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The observational cross-sectional study conducted on a sample of 100 women workers who volunteered, outlines their cardio-respiratory and musculo-skeletal profile before, during and at end of work. In addition, information on their health status in general was collected in advance. Contrary to expectation, there was no significant change in respiratory function. However, the musculo-skeletal problems were found to be abundantly present with pain in 91% of the subjects. Region-wise mapping of pain revealed that postural pain in low back was present in 47% while in neck was 19%. Scapular muscles on the right side were involved in stabilizing shoulder, which never went overhead. On the contrary, left shoulder was raised as high (>90 degrees in spinning action, while pulling thread. This muscle work involved trapezius, deltoid and triceps action concentrically in lifting and while coming to starting position slowly, eccentrically. There was no pause since the wheel continued to spin the thread continuously, unless a worker opted to stop the work. Accordingly, left wrist and hand were in holding contraction while the right wrist and hand holding the handle were also in a fixed position with wrist in flexion with supinated forearm. Though the overall job was light as per peak HR, there was pain due to fatigue and grip strength weakened by around 10%, at the end of the day?s work. In conclusion, pain and fatigue were found to be the main problems for women in the spinning section of the small-scale industry under this study. Women have to take up dual responsibility of a full-time job as well as the domestic work. It was considered that ergonomic factors such as provision of a backrest and frequent rest periods could remediate the musculo-skeletal symptoms.

  5. Rural Textile Workers Literacy Enhancement Project. Final Performance Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enterprise State Junior Coll., AL.

    This document consists of the final report and sample curricula from the Rural Textile Workers Literacy Enhancement Project. The final report details how the project was initiated in April 1993 to help employees of five textile and apparel manufacturing companies in southeastern Alabama improve their literacy and numeracy skills. A second…

  6. Quality of life among Thai workers in textile dyeing factories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kittipichai, Wirin; Arsa, Rattanaporn; Jirapongsuwan, Ann; Singhakant, Chatchawal

    2015-05-01

    The purpose of a cross-sectional study was to investigate factors influencing the quality of life among Thai workers in textile dyeing factories. Samples included 205 Thai workers from five textile dyeing factories located in the suburban area of Bangkok in Thailand. Data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire. Scales of the questionnaire had reliability coefficients ranging from 0.70-0.91. The results revealed that the overall quality of life among workers was most likely between good and moderate levels, and the percentage-mean score was 74.77. The seven factors associated with the overall quality of life were co-worker relationships, safety at work in the dimension of accident prevention, job characteristics, supervisory relationships, welfares, marital status, and physical environment. Furthermore, co-worker relationships, accident prevention, and marital status were three considerable predictors accounted for 23% of the variance in the overall quality of life among workers in textile dyeing factories. PMID:25948458

  7. Byssinosis and serum IgE concentrations in textile workers in an Italian cotton mill

    OpenAIRE

    Petronio, L.; Bovenzi, M.

    1983-01-01

    ABSTRACT The relationship between serum concentrations of total IgE and byssinosis and other respiratory symptoms was evaluated in 352 textile workers (90 men, 262 women) at a cotton mill in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy. The subjects were aged from 20 to 61 (mean 44) and the mean duration of employment was 20 years. One hundred and eight subjects (30·7%) were smokers. Only 2% had a positive history of atopy. A standardised questionnaire showed chronic bronchitis in 96 textile workers (27·3%...

  8. Health and safety aspects of textile workers from Solapur (India textile industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahul B Hiremath

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Textile sector in India plays an important role in the country's economy, providing employment to a significant population in rural and urban areas. Objectives: This paper focuses on health and safety aspects of textile workers in Solapur City (one of the key textile cluster in the state of Maharashtra, India. Methodology: A sample of 180 workers from the identified textile industries of Solapur city were assessed for their general physique, muscle tone, lung condition, and eyesight using different techniques. The study aimed at developing a framework for understanding risks to textile workers resulting from lack of health and safety standards in companies. Results: Findings showed that most of the workers have been affected by respiratory problems, increase in muscle tone, eye problems and musculoskeletal problem. It has been also observed that job security or regular work impacts positively to the worker’s long term body health. However, there is an immediate need to adopt and implement measures in accordance with Indian Factories Act (OHSAS 18001/ILO-OSH 2001 which includes directions and procedures in respect of industrial installations, work environment and occupational health and safety guidelines.

  9. Cotton Dust Exposure, Respiratory Symptoms and PEFR in Textile Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Ghasemkhani, M.; Firoozbakhsh, S.; Azam, K.; Ghardashi, F.

    2006-01-01

    The purposes of this study was to measurement cotton dust levels in air workplace, Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and determine of changes in Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) before and after during workday among textile workers. This study was done among 31 workers carding and blowing rooms. Using a short questionnaire for demographic characteristics, medical record were collected in a modified questionnaire of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and 12 air samples were ...

  10. Quality of Life Among Thai Workers in Textile Dyeing Factories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wirin Kittipichai

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of a cross-sectional study was to investigate factors influencing the quality of life among Thai workers in textile dyeing factories. Samples included 205 Thai workers from five textile dyeing factories located in the suburban area of Bangkok in Thailand. Data were collected with a self-administered questionnaire. Scales of the questionnaire had reliability coefficients ranging from 0.70–0.91. The results revealed that the overall quality of life among workers was most likely between good and moderate levels, and the percentage-mean score was 74.77. The seven factors associated with the overall quality of life were co-worker relationships, safety at work in the dimension of accident prevention, job characteristics, supervisory relationships, welfares, marital status, and physical environment. Furthermore, co-worker relationships, accident prevention, and marital status were three considerable predictors accounted for 23% of the variance in the overall quality of life among workers in textile dyeing factories.

  11. Exploitation or Empowerment? The Impact of Textile and Apparel Manufacturing on the Education of Women in Developing Countries.

    OpenAIRE

    Ozsoz, Emre

    2014-01-01

    One of the most cited criticism for US fashion brands is their exploitation of workers in their overseas manufacturing facilities. This paper studies whether such textile and apparel production facilities (also known as “sweatshops”) lead to lower education and thus a lower socio-economic status for women working in them. Results suggest it is not as a clear-cut conclusion. Evidence suggests a higher ratio of women receive primary education as apparel and textile exports increase while a...

  12. Cancer mortality in a cohort of asbestos textile workers

    OpenAIRE

    Pira, E.; Pelucchi, C; Buffoni, L; Palmas, A; Turbiglio, M; Negri, E; Piolatto, P G; La Vecchia, C

    2005-01-01

    A cohort of 889 men and 1077 women employed for at least 1 month between 1946 and 1984 by a former Italian leading asbestos (mainly textile) company, characterised by extremely heavy exposures often for short durations, was followed up to 1996, for a total of 53?024 person-years of observation. Employment data were obtained from factory personnel records, while vital status and causes of death were ascertained through municipality registers and local health units. We observed 222 cancer dea...

  13. Cancer mortality in a cohort of asbestos textile workers

    OpenAIRE

    PIRA, Enrico; PIOLATTO, Pier Giorgio

    2005-01-01

    A cohort of 889 men and 1077 women employed for at least 1 month between 1946 and 1984 by a former Italian leading asbestos (mainly textile) company, characterised by extremely heavy exposures often for short durations, was followed up to 1996, for a total of 53,024 person-years of observation. Employment data were obtained from factory personnel records, while vital status and causes of death were ascertained through municipality registers and local health units. We observed 222 cancer death...

  14. Addressing Workers' Rights in the Textile and Apparel Industries: Consequences for the Bangladesh Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed, N.; Peerlings, J. H. M.

    2009-01-01

    This paper applies a CGE model to analyze the effects of better addressing worker¿s rights in Bangladesh¿s textile and apparel industries. Results show that an increased minimum wage for unskilled, low-, and medium-skilled workers has negative impacts for these workers in aggregate and also for the economy in terms of export, GDP, and welfare. This comes from the decrease in employment. However, labor productivity-increasing improvements in factory conditions and services to workers not onl...

  15. Prevalence and risk factors for obstructive respiratory conditions among textile industry workers in Zimbabwe, 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Gerald Shambira; Mufuta Tshimanga; Reginald Matchaba-Hove; Addmore Chadambuka; Notion Tafara Gombe; Joseph Mberikunashe; Sarah Banda

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Workers in the cotton processing industries risk developing obstructive respiratory conditions due to prolonged exposure to cotton dust. We noted a tenfold increase in asthma among workers in a Textile Manufacturing Company. We determined the prevalence of respiratory obstructive conditions among workers in various sections. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional analytic study. Workers were randomly sampled and data was collected using interviewer-administered questionnaires. ...

  16. Respiratory Symptoms and Pulmonary Functions of Workers Employed in Turkish Textile Dyeing Factories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevin Baser

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Dyes are known to be a causative agent of occupational asthma in workers exposed to them. We have evaluated respiratory symptoms among textile workers. The study population comprised 106 exposed workers and a control (unexposed group. Data were collected by a questionnaire. PFTs (Pulmonary Function Test were performed. Among the exposed workers 36.8% defined phlegm. Respiratory symptoms were not significantly different between two groups. The employment duration of the exposed workers with phlegm was longer than those without phlegm (p = 0.027. The mean % predicted of FEF25–75 of the exposed workers was found to be significantly lower than the control (unexposed group (p = 0.01. Our study suggests that textile dyeing might cause respiratory symptoms in workers.

  17. Determinants of Occupational Injury: A Case Control Study among Textile Factory Workers in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Zewdie Aderaw; Dagnew Engdaw; Takele Tadesse

    2011-01-01

    Background. Occupational injuries pose major public health and socioeconomic developmental problems. However, efforts towards investigation of determinants among factory workers are very minimal in developing countries. Thus, this study aimed at to identify determinants of occupational injury among textile factory workers in Amahara regional state in Ethiopia. Methods. A case control study was done among 456 textile factory workers (152 cases and 304 controls). Self-reported data from workers...

  18. Respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function of workers employed in textile dyeing factory in Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sibel, O; Beyza, A; Murat, K; Fatma, E; Göksel, K; Sevin, B

    2012-08-01

    Dyes are known to be a causative agent of occupational asthma exposed to them. We evaluate respiratory symptoms among textile. The study population comprised 106 exposed workers and control (unexposed) group. Data were collected by a questionnaire. Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) were performed. Among the exposed workers 36.8% defined phlegm. Respiratory symptoms were not significantly different between two groups. The employment duration of the exposed workers with phlegm was longer than those without phlegm (p = 0.027). The mean % predicted of forced expiratory flow (FEF) 25-75 of the exposed workers was found to be significantly lower than the control (unexposed) group (p = 0.01). Our study suggests that textile dyeing might cause respiratory symptoms at workers. PMID:23082444

  19. Violence against women migrant workers in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaiyanukij, Charnchao

    2004-10-01

    A paper on "Violence against Women Migrant Workers in Thailand" will show the situation of women migrant workers in Thailand, why they have to come to Thailand, what kind of job they do, how they are abused and exploited by employer in many types of violence and how the Thai government manages to solve the problems and assist them. The term or definition of "violence against women-VAW" and "discrimination against women" is provided and based on the definition stated in the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Readers will see that violence against women is a form of discrimination committed on a basis of sex. In other words, VAW is a clear violation of women's inherent human rights including the rights to life, liberty, and security of person, equality, equal protection under the law and freedom from all forms of discrimination. More than one hundred thousands of women illegal migrant workers work in Thailand. They come from countries in the Mekong Sub-region namely Myanmar Lao PDR, Cambodia, Vietnam and China (Yunnan province). As they come illegally and have low level of education and working skills, they are vulnerable to exploitation, abuse or face violence. In general, they work in small factories, domestic work and restaurant. They are forced begging, forced prostitution or work in a slavery-like condition. Root causes of illegal migration and VAW are interrelated and occur in both sending and receiving countries of migrant workers. Poverty, demand and supply sides of labor, level of education, no knowledge of their own rights, impact of capitalism and gender issues, are mentioned as original factors of migration and VAW. The Thai government has national policy, plan, instrument and measures to cope with in- migration of illegal workers. Not only government agencies are active to solve the problems and assist the women migrant workers, but also non-government and international organizations as well as the UN agencies are working seriously to assist them and protect their rights. PMID:21218599

  20. Improving productivity and welfare among workers of small and household textile and garment units in India

    OpenAIRE

    Rode, Sanjay

    2009-01-01

    Global Production System has changed remarkably over the period of time. In order to cope up with the change in the nature and type of production, the small and household garment and textile units are employing the younger and skilled labor force. The workers in these units are employed on the contract, causal and temporary basis. They are not given the different benefits as applicable to the large scale unit workers. Such workers are employed more hours and weekly holidays are not given to t...

  1. Improving productivity and welfare among workers of small and household textile and garment units in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay RODE

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Global Production System has changed remarkably over the period of time. In order to cope up with the change in the nature and type of production, the small and household garment and textile units are employing the younger and skilled labor force. The workers in these units are employed on the contract, causal and temporary basis. They are not given the different benefits as applicable to the large scale unit workers. Such workers are employed more hours and weekly holidays are not given to them. The small and household units are simply maximizing their interest and profit. Such capitalist nature of productive activities makes the labor worse. They are given less wages and classified as unskilled workers. Workers are not given proper training and security of work by these units. Their access to productive assets and standard of living is low as compare to the large unit’s workers. In order to improve the workers conditions, minimum wage should be given to all workers in small and household units. Such units must maintain their annual records of transactions. Small and household units must send their workers for compulsory training. Work place environment, minimum hours of work are required to regulate in these sectors. Immediate steps will have positive impact on workers earning and standard of living. It will help for further productivity enhancement.

  2. WOMEN DOMESTIC WORKERS IN URBAN INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramadevi. K

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Women workers in the informal economy consist of the most vulnerable working segments in society. They came from a marginalized population whose legal, economic and political status limit their ability to demand their rights. These women include domestic workers whose social and economic contributions to society are invisible to the public, the law and policies of the country. They face challenges because their work is not considered rural work so that their rights to minimum standards of decent work are continually violated. The unique feature of their work place, which is the home of their employer, makes them vulnerable to abuses and exploitation. This is because the state would always be reluctant to consider a home a workplace that they can regulate.

  3. Why Workers’ Rights Are Not Women’s Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidi Gottfried

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available “Why workers’ rights are not women’s rights” is an argument whose purpose is to make clear why workers’ rights rest on a masculine embodiment of the labor subject and it is this masculine embodiment which is at the center of employment contracts and employment relations systems. By excavating the gender subjects implicit to and explicit in regulations of labor, the paper reveals the opposition of paired terms, masculinity and femininity privileging production over reproduction and naturalizing gender-based power relations. The paper identifies various laboring activities associated with differential rights and responsibilities. An examination of the treatment of part-time employment and waged caring labor, framed in labor, welfare, immigration, and citizenship policies and practices, locates exclusions from labor standards and exemptions from entitlements due to eligibility requirements and thresholds that assume the masculine embodiment of the worker-citizen. Gendering the analysis illustrates how contemporary labor laws and conventions grant rights on the basis of, and to, a rather abstract conception of the prototypical worker-citizen. Its origins lie in what classical political economy labeled a capitalist logic, as well as the historical practices in which free class agents entered into contracts for continuous, full-time work free of care responsibilities outside of the wage/labor nexus. Thus, it is this particular abstract construction of the proto-typical worker which instantiates the separation of “rights to” from “responsibilities for”, and it is this separation that allows the masculine embodiment of the labor subject. Modes of regulation privileging rights over responsibilities will valorize the masculine worker-citizen whose rights derive from their participation in wage labor and simultaneously devalue the feminine worker who is directly connected to caring labor.

  4. Prevalence and risk factors for obstructive respiratory conditions among textile industry workers in Zimbabwe, 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerald Shambira

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Workers in the cotton processing industries risk developing obstructive respiratory conditions due to prolonged exposure to cotton dust. We noted a tenfold increase in asthma among workers in a Textile Manufacturing Company. We determined the prevalence of respiratory obstructive conditions among workers in various sections. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional analytic study. Workers were randomly sampled and data was collected using interviewer-administered questionnaires. Respiratory function was assessed using spirometry and chest auscultation. A walk through survey was conducted and a checklist was used to capture hazards and control measures in the work place. RESULTS: A total of 194 workers participated. The prevalence of severe respiratory obstruction was 27.8%. It was 50.0% among the blowers, 35.3% in waste recovery, 32.5% in carders, 15.0% in spinners and 7.5% among weavers. The mean years of exposure between the affected and the non-affected were significantly different (T =2.20; p less than 0.05. Working in the blowing department was significantly associated with developing respiratory obstruction (OR=3.53; 95% CI= 1.61- 7.79 but working in the weaving department was significantly protective (OR 0.16; CI 0.04-0.59.Working in a department for less than 10 years was protective (OR =0.94; 95% CI= 0.48- 1.85, but not significant. CONCLUSION: Obstructive respiratory conditions are common among textile workers, with those in blowing and waste recovery sections being the most affected. We recommended worker rotation every six months, regular spirometric screening employment of a medical officer.

  5. Attitude of the healthcare workers to violence against women

    OpenAIRE

    Rojin Mamuk; Saadet Yaz?c?

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Violence against women is a common social problem. Gender inequality is origin of the violence against women. Health workers have responsibilities in supplying medical care, support and counseling to the mistreated of the violence. This descriptive study was planned for the purpose to determine attitude of the healthcare workers to violence against women. Material and Methods: In this research, 94 healthcare workers from seven different types of hospital (4 public hospitals, 2 priv...

  6. A study of the prevalence of acute respiratory disorders among workers in the textile industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massin, N; Moulin, J J; Wild, P; Meyer-Bisch, C; Mur, J M

    1991-01-01

    An epidemiological study of 774 workers in seven eastern France cotton textile factories was conducted to determine the prevalence of acute respiratory disorders. From nine non-textile companies, 464 workers, stratified as to sex, age and tobacco consumption participated in the study as a control population. A questionnaire designed to elicit the respiratory symptoms (in particular the Monday tightness characterizing byssinosis) was administered to the 1238 workers. Peak-expiratory-flow (PEF) measurement was made for each subject, exposed and non-exposed, before the start of the shift on the day of the worker's return to work and repeated at the end of the shift. The PEF's variations during the workshift were studied. Present Monday tightness was mentioned by 48 cotton exposed workers (6.2%) and by 9 non-exposed (1.9%) (P less than 0.001). A 10% decrease in PEF during the shift was present in 63 cotton exposed workers (8.1%) and in 10 non-exposed (2.1%) (P less than 0.001). For the exposed population, Monday tightness was analysed using multiple logistic regression, showing an absence of a link with smoking, an increased occurrence after 20 years of exposure (OR = 7.3) and a link with current job (more frequent among those with the dustiest jobs) (OR = 4.9). The multiple logistic analysis of a 10% decrease in PEF showed effects of smoking habits (OR = 1.86). It also showed a link with "highly polluted job" history (OR = 2.7), but especially with present job (OR = 3.4). The absence of a constant link between Monday tightness and drop of the PEF was found. PMID:1856010

  7. A probabilistic approach to quantitatively assess the inhalation risk for airborne endotoxin in cotton textile workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endotoxin, a component of gram-negative bacterial cell walls, is a proinflammatory agent that induces local and systemic inflammatory responses in normal subjects which can contribute to the risk of developing asthma and chronic obstructive lung diseases. A probabilistic approach linking models of exposure, internal dosimetry, and health effects were carried out to quantitatively assess the potential inhalation risk of airborne endotoxin for workers in cotton textile plants. Combining empirical data and modeling results, we show that the half-maximum effects of the endotoxin dose (ED50) were estimated to be 3.3 x 105 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.9-14.7 x 105) endotoxin units (EU) for the blood C-reactive protein (CRP) concentration, 1.1 x 105 (95% CI: 0.6-1.7 x 105) EU for the blood polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) count, and 1.5 x 105 (95% CI: 0.4-2.5 x 105) EU for the sputum PMN count. Our study offers a risk-management framework for discussing future establishment of limits for respiratory exposure to airborne endotoxin for workers in cotton textile plants.

  8. WOMEN AGRICULTURAL WORKERS IN GULBARGA: A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Udayakumar. Rawoorkar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Women are playing significant role in agricultural work and processes and more than half of the working population in agriculture are women. But, they are facing many problems such as exploitation from employers, no security for work and job, seasonal employment, lower wages, wage discrimination, etc. A sample survey of 142 women agricultural workers working in Gulbarga taluka in Karnataka was made with interview technique. The social aspects to a greater extent depends on work life of the women agricultural workers. It was concluded that there is need for social security schemes for women agricultural workers and self-employment is also suggested for these workers during offseasons. It is also suggested to increase awareness among people on gender equality

  9. Women employed in textile sector in Turkey and their problems: (Istanbul-Adana-Denizli-Sivas and Tekirda? Province samples)

    OpenAIRE

    Sezer Ayan

    2011-01-01

    Purpose of the study is to determine the problems of women working in textile factories as parallel to the characteristics of female labor in Turkey and the factors affecting these problems. With this purpose, 564 women working in textile factories in Istanbul, Adana, Denizli, Tekirda? and Sivas provinces were included in the study. It was determined according to the results obtained that factors affecting the problems women encounter in working life in a statistically significant way (P>0,2...

  10. WOMEN AGRICULTURAL WORKERS IN GULBARGA: A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    Udayakumar. Rawoorkar

    2014-01-01

    Women are playing significant role in agricultural work and processes and more than half of the working population in agriculture are women. But, they are facing many problems such as exploitation from employers, no security for work and job, seasonal employment, lower wages, wage discrimination, etc. A sample survey of 142 women agricultural workers working in Gulbarga taluka in Karnataka was made with interview technique. The social aspects to a greater extent depends on wor...

  11. Endotoxin exposure and lung cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature on agriculture and cotton textile workers

    OpenAIRE

    Lenters, V. C.; Basinas, I.; Beane-freeman, L. E.; Boffetta, P.; Checkoway, H.; Coggon, D.; Portengen, L.; Sim, M.; Wouters, I. M.; Heederik, D.; Vermeulen, R.

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between exposure to endotoxins and lung cancer risk by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies of workers in the cotton textile and agricultural industries; industries known for high exposure levels of endotoxins. METHODS: Risk estimates were extracted from studies published before 2009 that met predefined quality criteria, including 8 cohort, 1 case-cohort, and 2 case-control studies of cotton textile industry workers, a...

  12. Prevalence of rhinitis symptoms among textile industry workers exposed to cotton dust

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ivan de Picoli, Dantas; Fabiana Cardoso Pereira, Valera; Carlos Eduardo Monteiro, Zappelini; Wilma Terezinha, Anselmo-Lim.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: The respiratory tract is one of the main points of entry of foreign substances into the body. Because of its location, the respiratory tract is heavily exposed to harmful agents, such as gases, vapors, or aerosols. AIM: Our objective was to evaluate the symptoms of occupational rhiniti [...] s in workers exposed to cotton dust. METHOD: The prospective study population consisted of workers from the "Nova Esperança" Cooperative of Nova Odessa (Sao Paulo), who were studied between September and December 2008. Data were collected through an individually and privately answered questionnaire designed by the author considering the clinical criteria for rhinitis. RESULTS: Using the questionnaire, we evaluated a total of 124 workers. Among these patients, 63.7% complained of nasal obstruction, 57.2% of nasal itching, 46.7% of rhinorrhea, and 66.1% of sneezing. Of the patients considered to have very serious symptoms, 9% had nasal obstruction; 9%, itching; 4%, rhinorrhea; and 6.4%, sneezing. DISCUSSION: Aerosol agents in the environment can clearly aggravate and even initiate rhinitis. From the standpoint of pathogenesis, the mechanisms of classical allergic airway inflammation involving mast cells, IgE, histamine, eosinophils, and lymphocytes may be responsible for the development of rhinitis after exposure to high molecular weight allergens such as proteins derived from animals and plants. This study showed a strong relationship between the occupational exposures associated with work in the cotton textile industry and the symptoms of rhinitis. CONCLUSION: Analysis of the data clearly showed the occurrence of rhinitis symptoms in these patients, demonstrating that the prevention and treatment of this condition in the workplace is extremely important.

  13. Determinants of Occupational Injury: A Case Control Study among Textile Factory Workers in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aderaw, Zewdie; Engdaw, Dagnew; Tadesse, Takele

    2011-01-01

    Background. Occupational injuries pose major public health and socioeconomic developmental problems. However, efforts towards investigation of determinants among factory workers are very minimal in developing countries. Thus, this study aimed at to identify determinants of occupational injury among textile factory workers in Amahara regional state in Ethiopia. Methods. A case control study was done among 456 textile factory workers (152 cases and 304 controls). Self-reported data from workers and document review from factories clinics were used to ascertain occupational injury status within one-year period. Data was collected using pretested and structured questionnaire by trained data collectors. Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was used to assess level significance. Results. Young age (health and safety training (AOR 1.85, 95% CI (1.17, 2.91)), sleeping disturbance (AOR 1.99, 95% CI (1.30, 3.04)), and job stress (AOR 2.25, 95% CI (1.15, 4.41)) were significant predictors of occupation injury. Conclusion. Lack of training, sleeping disturbance, and job stress increased the risk of occupational injury. So, providing basic health and safety training with special emphasis on younger and male workers, reducing stressors, and providing sleep health education were recommended. PMID:22174723

  14. Night shift work and lung cancer risk among female textile workers in Shanghai, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Paul; Lundin, Jessica; Li, Wenjin; Ray, Roberta; Littell, Christopher; Gao, Daoli; Thomas, David B; Checkoway, Harvey

    2015-01-01

    In 2007, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified shift work that involves circadian disruption as a probable human carcinogen. Suppression of the anti-neoplastic hormone, melatonin, is a presumed mechanism of action. We conducted a case-cohort study nested within a cohort of 267,400 female textile workers in Shanghai, China. Newly diagnosed lung cancer cases (n = 1451) identified during the study period (1989-2006) were compared with an age-stratified subcohort (n = 3040). Adjusting for age, smoking, parity, and endotoxin exposure, relative risks [hazard ratios (HRs)] were estimated by Cox regression modeling to assess associations with cumulative years and nights of rotating shift work. Results did not consistently reveal any increased risk of lung cancer among rotating shift work or statistically significant trends for both cumulative years (HR 0.82, 95% CI 0.66 to 1.02; P(trend) = 0.294) and nights (HR 0.81, 95% CI 0.65 to 1.00; P(trend) = 0.415). Further analyses imposing 10- and 20-year lag times for disease latency also revealed similar results. Contrary to the initial hypothesis, rotating nighttime shift work appears to be associated with a relatively reduced lung cancer risk although the magnitude of the effect was modest and not statistically significant. PMID:25616851

  15. Female workers, female operatives and female employees. The women's work in Mar del Plata, between 1940 abd 1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Delfina Molinari

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The study consists of reconstructing between the sixty and forties, of a period of economic and commercial expansion for the city of Mar del Plata, the insertion of the women and its behaviors in activities that mainly required feminine manual labor as it were the industry of the fish conserve and the textile and to a lesser extent, in the commerce. On the matter, we considered that the experiences of the workers in the different labor scopes contributed to possibly construct different social behaviors and, also different identities.

  16. ABC of women workers' rights and gender equality

    CERN Document Server

    International Labour Office. Geneva

    2000-01-01

    This concise and easy to read guidebook assists the layperson in understanding the legal frameworks and socio-economic developments surrounding gender equality in the world of work. Completely updated and revised, this guide incorporates important information relevant to women workers such as women in development, gender mainstreaming, the glass ceiling and much more. Each entry in the guide provides a clear, succinct definition and directs the reader to relevant laws, ILO conventions, and other topics for further research.

  17. Auditory threshold and the degree of its temporary and permanent shifts in the textile industry workers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mikolajczyk, H.; Cieslewicz, A.

    1982-01-01

    Hearing threshold was measured with digital audiometer CASK-431 in transportable soundproof booth GIG-AU-1 in 170 women and 75 men before and at the end of the afternoon shift work in the weaving-mill with shuttle looms, where an average noise level was 100 dB(A). The average hearing losses calculated from the formula dB (1000 Hz + 2000 Hz + 4000 Hz): 3 were higher than those calculated from the formula db (500 Hz + 1000 Hz + 2000 Hz): 3. There was also a higher correlation coefficient between the occupational exposure to noise and the values of hearing loss calculated according to the former of the mentioned formulae, as compared to the latter. Workers wearing individual hearing protectors from the glass microfibres suffered from temporary threshold shift (TTS) of few dB whereas in those wearing no hearing protectors the TTS attained 10 to 24 dB on average. Among the women--workers of comparable age and occupational exposure to noise the hearing losses were higher in those living in noisy communities than in those living in quiet communities. This result is indicative of cumulative effects of community and industrial noise in respect to the hearing damage. Regulations for permissible noise levels in occupational environment should involve the kind of exposure to the community noise.

  18. Workplace Control: Women and Minority Workers in America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Banerjee

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we examine the effects of gender and race on American workers’ workplace control. Scholarship on gender, work, and occupation states that gender and race are important predictors of the extent of control workers exercise in workplaces. Literature also posits that job satisfaction and work-family conflict also contribute substantially to workers’ workplace control. However, there exists hardly any empirical study that explores the impacts of gender, race, job satisfaction and work-family conflict altogether on their workplace control. That is what we accomplished in this study. Obtaining data from the 2008 National Study of Changing Workforce (NSCW, we ask: 1 Do women and men workers in America differ in their perceptions of workplace control? 2 Do non-white and white workers in America differ in their perceptions of workplace control? And 3 Do gender and race of the workers influence their workplace control when job satisfaction and work-family conflict are considered? Analyses are based on quantitative methods. Results show that women perceive to have less control over their workplace as compared to men. Moreover, job satisfaction is a more significant predictor of their workplace control than work-family spillover.

  19. Interplay between economic empowerment and sexual behaviour and practices of migrant workers within the context of HIV and AIDS in the Lesotho textile industry

    OpenAIRE

    Tanga, Pius Tangwe; Tangwe, Magdaline Nji

    2014-01-01

    Economic empowerment brings with it a wide range of consequences, both positive and negative. The objective of this paper was to examine the relationship between economic empowerment and the sexual behaviour and practices of migrant workers within the context of HIV and AIDS in the Lesotho textile industry. Data for this paper were extracted from the findings of a larger study which had been conducted concerning HIV and AIDS in the textile industry in Lesotho. Using in-depth interviews, data ...

  20. Industrial noise pollution and its impacts on workers in the textile based cottage industries: an empirical study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study includes the research work which was carried out to investigate the range of difficulties faced by the workers and its effects on them while working in textile based cottage industries along with their causes. This research provides necessary tip-offs to solve those problems in a systematic way. Therefore, it was considered to know the number of machines (looms) operated by one worker, number of machines in one unit and number of operators in one unit. The minimum and maximum noise levels were recorded by using digital sound level meter to compute average noise level/ unit. To identify the health problems like respiratory, hearing/listening, irritation, heart/BP, annoyance and headache faced by the workers, the survey was conducted. In present research work the minimum noise recorded was 101.6dB (A) and maximum as 1 09.8< dB (A), which was compared with OSHA and WHO (World Health Organization) standards. Result of this study shows that due to high intensity of noise generated by looms and dusts at work places, workers were facing the mental and physical problems. (author)

  1. Jobs in Search of Workers. Preparing Students for Textile and Apparel Industry Jobs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warfield, Carol L.; Barry, Mary E.

    1991-01-01

    At an Alabama conference, state administrators, textile and apparel industry representatives, and community, junior, and technical college faculty identified the skill needs of the industry, existing college programs, and ways for industry and education to cooperate in meeting the labor force development requirements of the industry. (SK)

  2. Waiting time to pregnancy and pregnancy outcome among Danish workers in the textile, clothing, and footwear industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaumburg, Inger; Boldsen, J L

    1992-01-01

    The relationship between time from planned to achieved pregnancy and pregnancy outcome has been studied in a group of 18,658 workers in the textile, clothing and footwear industries. Information on pregnancy outcome and delay in conception in the period 1979-84 was collected by self administered questionnaires in 1985. The response rate was 70.3%. During the study period there had been 5,171 live births and 708 spontaneous abortions. Information on delay in conception was collected in broad categories. The data were analysed by means of a newly developed statistical parametric model in order to collect all possible information from the highly grouped data. Median waiting time before a pregnancy which ended in spontaneous abortion was 1.68 times longer than median waiting time before a pregnancy leading to a live birth. There seems to be a correlation between the length of the waiting time and abortion.

  3. Women employed in textile sector in Turkey and their problems: (Istanbul-Adana-Denizli-Sivas and Tekirda? Province samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sezer Ayan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the study is to determine the problems of women working in textile factories as parallel to the characteristics of female labor in Turkey and the factors affecting these problems. With this purpose, 564 women working in textile factories in Istanbul, Adana, Denizli, Tekirda? and Sivas provinces were included in the study. It was determined according to the results obtained that factors affecting the problems women encounter in working life in a statistically significant way (P>0,25 are monthly income of the family, form of the family, number of members of the household, quality of the intra-family relationships, daily working hours, job satisfaction, relationships of the employee with managers and way of making decisions inside the family, respectively.

  4. Interplay between economic empowerment and sexual behaviour and practices of migrant workers within the context of HIV and AIDS in the Lesotho textile industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanga, Pius Tangwe; Tangwe, Magdaline Nji

    2014-01-01

    Economic empowerment brings with it a wide range of consequences, both positive and negative. The objective of this paper was to examine the relationship between economic empowerment and the sexual behaviour and practices of migrant workers within the context of HIV and AIDS in the Lesotho textile industry. Data for this paper were extracted from the findings of a larger study which had been conducted concerning HIV and AIDS in the textile industry in Lesotho. Using in-depth interviews, data were collected from 40 participants who were purposively selected from five factories which had been chosen randomly. Empowerment theory was used as a lens to provide meanings for the experiences of the participants. The findings show that the participants were empowered only in certain respects in terms of Kabeer's empowerment model of 'power to' and 'power within', on one hand, and in terms of Malhotra's comprehensive empowerment framework at the household level, on the other, as being employed in the industry enabled them to participate in the economy. Employment in the sector provided the participants with the means to be able to acquire basic needs and the ability to participate in household decision-making: for the female participants, the ability to make independent sexual decisions was also enhanced. These improvements were greeted enthusiastically, particularly by the female participants, given their previously disadvantaged status as a result of coming from rural patriarchal villages with gender-defined hegemonic notions of respectability. The findings also indicate that environmental factors and others, such as meagre salaries, encouraged some of the female workers to engage in transactional sex, while some of the male participants tended to increase their sexual relationships as a result of acquiring employment and income from the industry. It is the contention of the authors of this study that true empowerment requires both vital resources and individual and collective participation, particularly for the women, who are more vulnerable than men. Finally, we conclude that the opportunities provided by economic empowerment have given the participants a new social meaning for their situation and an awareness about their place in power relations. PMID:25383704

  5. SMEs in Their Own Right : The Views of Managers and Workers in Vietnamese Textiles, Garment, and Footwear Companies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tran, Angie Ngoc; Jeppesen, SØren

    2015-01-01

    This article contributes to the limited literatures on small- and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) and corporate social responsibility (CSR). Using an institutional theoretical framework, we analyzed fieldwork interviews with twenty SMEs and perspectives of 165 SME managers and workers in textiles, garment, and footwear industries, the most important wage-earning sector in Vietnam. Having understood in the context of a developing “market economy with socialist orientation” (thus a “Southern perspective”), we find that socially responsible practices and expectations developed long before the arrival of CSR as a western concept and an MNC agenda. While identifying and contributing ideas concerning forms of “informal” CSR practices—influenced by social and cultural expectations—to the CSR/SME literature, we are conscious of the mixed effects of these practices and the ongoing nuanced negotiations between workers and managers in these SMEs. In our research, we found that it takes both domestic and international stakeholders to improve labor conditions in Vietnam under the banner of CSR.

  6. Why Workers Switch Industry? The Case of Textile Industry of Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Madiha Rehman Farooqui; Mariam Ahmed

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to identify core reasons for employee’s turnover. The study is descriptive and cross-sectional. Twenty turnover intentions are identified from the literature and a questionnaire is designed on 5 point likert-scale for data collection. A sample of 160 respondents has been randomly selected from the textile industry of Pakistan. The data has been analyzed through one sample t-test and one-way ANOVA. The study reveals the most prominent factors responsible f...

  7. Why Workers Switch Industry? The Case of Textile Industry of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madiha Rehman Farooqui

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to identify core reasons for employee’s turnover. The study is descriptive and cross-sectional. Twenty turnover intentions are identified from the literature and a questionnaire is designed on 5 point likert-scale for data collection. A sample of 160 respondents has been randomly selected from the textile industry of Pakistan. The data has been analyzed through one sample t-test and one-way ANOVA. The study reveals the most prominent factors responsible for employees’ intentions to leave and offer practitioners and researchers some practical recommendations to retain the workforce.

  8. Survival times of pre-1950 US women radium dial workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Survival times of US women radium dial workers to the end of 1989 were examined by life table methods. Included were 1301 women rust employed before 1930 and 1242 first employed in 1930-1949. Expected numbers of deaths were estimated from age- and time-specific death rates for US white females. In the early group, 85 deaths from the well-known radium-induced cancers - bone sarcomas and head carcinomas - were observed, but only 724 deaths from aH other causes were observed vs 755 expected. Life shortening (±S.E.) of 1.8 ±0.5 y compared to the general population of US white females was calculated from the time distribution of all deaths in the pre-1930 group. In the 1930--1949 group, 350 deaths were observed vs 343 expected and no bone sarcomas or head carcinomas occurred. Among women who survived at least 2 y after rust measurement of body radium, a significant excess of observed vs expected deaths was found only for radium intakes greater than 1.85 MBq of 226Ra + 228Ra, and no trend of deaths or reduction of life expectancy was found with length of employment

  9. La situacin de la mujer trabajadora en Tucumn en los aos setenta: el caso de las obreras de la industria textil / The situation of the woman worker in Tucumn in the seventies: the case of the workers of the textile industry

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Noem Liliana, Soraire.

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available La finalidad de este trabajo es analizar la situacin laboral de las trabajadoras de los sectores populares, haciendo hincapi en la industria textil, dentro de un marco de crisis ocupacional, en los aos setenta. Se busca saber como, a raz de diversos factores (familiares, emocionales y sociales), la [...] mujer tucumana sali a trabajar y en muchos casos lleg a ser el sostn y nica fuente de ingresos del grupo familiar. Este ser el punto de partida para esta investigacin que permitir un acercamiento al conocimiento de la situacin laboral femenina. Nuestro planteo surge de la afirmacin que la transformacin del mercado laboral impuls la incorporacin de mano de obra femenina en el sector industrial. Este nuevo rol de proveedoras del hogar, en algunos casos el nico, signific una transformacin en su subjetividad que en algunas no es aceptado como tal. Adems, se indagar sobre las estrategias intra y extra domsticas femeninas que caracteriza la doble jornada de trabajo. Cabe aclarar que este anlisis fue abordado desde la perspectiva de Gnero e Historia Oral. Las mujeres tienen una doble jornada de trabajo que para algunos autores esta denominacin es concebida como trabajo extra domestico e intra domestico. Partiendo de estos conceptos se indagar sobre las diversas estrategias realizadas por las trabajadoras de la industria textil. Estas mujeres de una u otra manera han buscado diferentes estrategias para lograr combinar el trabajo extra e intra domstico, siempre buscando el bienestar de su familia y sobre todo, en el caso de las casadas de sus hijos. Para la realizacin de este trabajo se utilizaron fuentes orales (entrevistas semistructuradas), datos estadsticos y material bibliogrfico pertinente al tema. Abstract in english The purpose of this work is to analyze the labor situation of the workers of the popular sectors, insisting on the textile industry, within a frame of occupational crisis, in the Seventies. One looks for to know like, as a result of diverse factors (familiar, emotional and social), the tucumana woma [...] n left to work and in many cases she got to be the support and only source of income of the familiar group. This it will be the departure point for this investigation that will allow an approach to the knowledge of the feminine labor situation. Ours I raise arises from the affirmation that the transformation of the labor market impelled the incorporation of feminine manual labor in the industrial sector. This new roll of suppliers of the home, in some cases the only one, meant a transformation in its subjectivity that in some is not accepted like so. In addition, one will investigate on the feminine domestic strategies intra and extra that the double day of work characterizes. It is possible to clarify that this analysis was boarded from the perspective of Gender and Oral History. The women have one double day of work that stops some authors this denomination is conceived like extra work domestic servant and intra domestic servant. Starting off of these concepts she will investigate herself on the diverse strategies made by the workers of the textile industry. These women of one or another way have looked for different strategies to manage to combine domestic the extra work and intra, always looking for the well-being of their family and mainly, in the case of the married ones of their children. For the accomplishment of this work oral sources were used (semistructuradas interviews), statistical data and pertinent bibliographical material to the subject.

  10. IMPACT OF MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFIED FOOD SUPPLEMENT ON NUTRITIONAL PROFILE AMONG GINNING WOMEN WORKERS

    OpenAIRE

    Sridevi, D; S.Radhaisri

    2013-01-01

    Ginning factory discharges large amount of cotton dust, which might decrease haematological indices among the selected subjects. An attempt was made to study the haematological indices of women labourers located in the urban areas of Tirupur and Erode Districts of Tamil Nadu, India. Totally 150 non-pregnant, non-lactating adult women performing varied textile tasks and aged between 20 to 60 years were identified randomly from ginning (n=150) (gin house, gutter and sorting sections) industries...

  11. The health and safety concerns of immigrant women workers in the Toronto sportswear industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gannagé, C M

    1999-01-01

    Immigrant women's conditions of work have worsened with new government and managerial strategies to restructure the Canadian apparel industry. Changes in occupational health and safety legislation have both given and taken away tools that immigrant women workers could use to improve the quality of their working lives. The author outlines a methodology for eliciting the health and safety concerns of immigrant women workers. PMID:10379459

  12. Women's work environment and health: clerical workers in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meleis, A I; Messias, D K; Arruda, E N

    1996-02-01

    Although women are participating more in the formal workforce, the majority are employed primarily in low-income and low-status occupations. While work roles may provide women with some rewards, employment may also create many stressful demands on their daily lives. As part of an international study, 60 female Brazilian clerical workers responded to a self-administered questionnaire describing what they liked, disliked, and found stressful about the structural, physical, and social aspects of their work environment. Participants also identified strategies they used to cope with stress in the work environment. Dimensions of healthy environments identified in the data included utility, challenge, participation, safety, pleasing workplace, valuation, clarity of roles, and empowerment. Unhealthy environments were characterized by hazards, bureaucracy, devaluation, and economic constraints. Participants described their concerns about the effect of the environment on their physical and mental health, but tended to adopt a passive, resigned coping style rather than a proactive approach to co-creating a healthier work environment. The results and their relationship to healthy work environments are discussed within the context of the larger sociopolitical environment of Brazil. PMID:8552803

  13. IMPACT OF MICRONUTRIENT FORTIFIED FOOD SUPPLEMENT ON NUTRITIONAL PROFILE AMONG GINNING WOMEN WORKERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Sridevi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Ginning factory discharges large amount of cotton dust, which might decrease haematological indices among the selected subjects. An attempt was made to study the haematological indices of women labourers located in the urban areas of Tirupur and Erode Districts of Tamil Nadu, India. Totally 150 non-pregnant, non-lactating adult women performing varied textile tasks and aged between 20 to 60 years were identified randomly from ginning (n=150 (gin house, gutter and sorting sections industries. Socio demographic, work pattern, nutritional and health status were assessed by administering a questionnaire. Further, to correct micronutrient deficiency, iron and folic acid fortified soy biscuits were formulated. Intervention study was conducted among the selected moderate anaemic ginners (n=20. l00 g of micronutrient fortified soy biscuit containing 13.5 g of protein, 8.4 mg of iron (ferrous fumarate and 120 µg of folic acid was supplemented to experimental group of women as a midmorning and midevening snack for a period of four months. Therapeutic efficacy of food supplement was studied by assessing their anthropometric and haematological conditions at pre and post supplementation period. Anthropometric indices showed an improvement in weight (48.7 ± 4.98 to 51.5 ± 6.25 and BMI (19.02 to 23.04. Haematological indices revealed that the mean haemoglobin of experimental group improved to 11.04 ± 0.56 g/dl from 9.1 ± 0.67. Similarly increase in serum iron from 61.9 ± 3.24 to 65.0 ± 2.95 µg/dl was noticed and showed a significant difference at 1 per cent. Improvement in total protein (6.62 ± 0.49 to 8.11 ± 0.20 g/dl, albumin (3.9 ± 0.36 to 4.73 ± 0.31 g/dl and globulin (2.82 ± 0.24 to 3.8 ± 0.29 g/dl showed significant difference at 1 per cent level. Similarly, an increase in Total WBC count (7326 ± 19.5 to 9725 ± 25.5 cumm, reduction in lymphocyte (942.16 ± 3.6 to 35.2 ± 2.2 per cent seen among the ginning women workers.

  14. Auxiliary Women Workers in the Legal Sector: Traversing Subjectivities and "Self" to Learn through Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanagh, Jillian Maria

    2012-01-01

    This study is about female auxiliary workers in the Australian legal sector. The purpose is to explore the impact of subjectivities on women workers and how they negotiate their positionality to participate in meaningful work and learning. The study is grounded in theories of identity and socio-cultural perspectives of subjectivity, agentic action…

  15. Workplace Control: Women and Minority Workers in America

    OpenAIRE

    Dina Banerjee; Ying Yang

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the effects of gender and race on American workers’ workplace control. Scholarship on gender, work, and occupation states that gender and race are important predictors of the extent of control workers exercise in workplaces. Literature also posits that job satisfaction and work-family conflict also contribute substantially to workers’ workplace control. However, there exists hardly any empirical study that explores the impacts of gender, race, job satisfaction and w...

  16. Problems Of Women Workers In Unorganized Sector: A Sociological Analysis In Gulbarga City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanamanthappa B. Sedamkar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available :Unorganized sector constitute majority of working population in India and of the workers, women are playing significant role in unorganized sector work. The unorganized sector includes different occupations such as construction, domestic servants, sales women, agricultural labourers, etc. Compared to all other sectors, the problems and challenges faced by women in unorganized sector are many. Hence, a survey was made to study the problems and challenges of women working in unorganized sector. Interview schedule was used to collect the primary data from 200 women working in construction work, 200 women working as domestic servants and 100 women agricultural labourers in Gulbarga city. The study revealed that there is lower wage for these workers. Further, it was observed that considerable number of women workers have lower status in family and society. It was suggested to revise the wage rates and ensure job security by assuring at least three years of work under single employer. It is also suggested to increase awareness of the women in unorganized sector on the legislations and security measures formulated by the Government. Self-employment training and financial assistance are also suggested to empower the women working in unorganized sector.

  17. Efeito da exposição prolongada a ruído ocupacional na função respiratória de trabalhadores da indústria têxtil / Effects of long term exposure to occupational noise on textile industry workers' lung function

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    António Paes, Cardoso; Maria João R., Oliveira; Álvaro Moreira da, Silva; Artur P., Águas; António Sousa, Pereira.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo procurou detectar eventuais alterações da função respiratória em 28 operárias de uma fábrica de fiação, submetidas a uma exposição prolongada ao ruído (> 10 anos) com amplitude elevada e baixa frequência, susceptível de causar doença vibro-acústica (DVA). Foram realizados testes da [...] função respiratória, incluindo espirometria, oscilometria de impulso e estudo da Capacidade de difusão alvéolo-capilar pelo CO. Os resultados foram comparados com os de outra população de igual número de mulheres, do mesmo grupo etário, consideradas normais no aspecto respiratório, com cargos administrativos, não sujeitas a agressão acústica detectável. Realizou-se um estudo estatístico dos resultados obtidos comparando as duas populações, tendo sido calculado para cada um dos parâmetros, escolhidos a partir do estudo funcional respiratório, os valores médios, o desvio-padrão e o grau de significância (p Abstract in english Vibroacoustic disease is a pathology caused by long occupational exposure to large pressure amplitude and low frequency noise. It is a systemic disease, with evolvement of respiratory structures. The exposure workers to this noise of textile industry may favour alterations in lung function. We studi [...] ed 28 women working more than ten years in cotton-mill rooms to evaluate their lung function, including Spirometry, forced oscillation technique (I.O.S.) and Diffusion capacity. These results were compared with those of 30 women of similar ages not exposed to similar noise and not presenting respiratory disease. Statistical significance (p

  18. Respiratory symptoms and lung function in hemp workers.

    OpenAIRE

    Zuskin, E; Kanceljak, B; Pokrajac, D; Schachter, E. N.; Witek, T J

    1990-01-01

    Respiratory symptoms and abnormalities of lung function were studied in 84 female and 27 male hemp workers employed in two textile mills (A and B) processing soft hemp (C sativa). In mill A 46 women and 27 men were investigated and 38 female workers were studied in mill B. Forty nine women and 30 men from a non-dusty industry served as controls. A significantly higher prevalence of almost all chronic respiratory symptoms was found in female hemp workers when compared to control workers. Among...

  19. Asbestos textile production linked to malignant peritoneal and pleural mesothelioma in women : Analysis of 28 cases in Southeast China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gao, Zhibin; Hiroshima, Kenzo

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Chrysotile had been used in asbestos textile workshops in Southeast China but a clear relation to mesothelioma is lacking. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with mesothelioma from 2003 to 2010 at Yuyao People's Hospital were re-evaluated by multiple expert pathologists with immunohistochemistry and asbestos exposure data were collected. RESULTS: Of 43 patients with a mesothelioma diagnosis, 19 peritoneal and nine pleural cases were finally diagnosed as mesothelioma. All were females, and the mean age of the patients with peritoneal or pleural mesothelioma was 52.4 and 58.2 years, respectively. All these cases had a history of domestic or occupational exposure to chrysotile. Two-thirds of the patients were from two adjoining towns with multiple small asbestos textile workshops. Contamination of tremolite was estimated to be less than 0.3%. CONCLUSIONS: This is a report of mesothelioma in women exposed to chrysotile asbestos at home and at work, with an over-representation of peritoneal mesothelioma. Am. J. Ind. Med. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  20. Women Workers: Subsistence in Eighteenth-century Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Selina Gutiérrez Aguilera

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In colonial society of eighteenth-century Buenos Aires, there was a series of women who Traditional historiography has not given their rightful place: working women.This study aims to analyze and re-evaluation of these females, there also arises a series of networks of “gender solidarity” among women in need of help, in which working women had a role. This is taken as the standard source that rose in the city of Buenos Aires in 1744; it throws a lot of information to understand this complex phenomenon.There will be a thorough analysis of all models of working women the pattern shows, from different perspectives. These ladies are a very heterogeneous group, as work motivations are very different: for aggregate found, being slaves, etc. But at the same time is to keep track of paper, which together with the work effort of these played the charity and solidarity and support for female survival at this time.

  1. Are your employees protected from blood-borne pathogens? OSHA standards charge textile rental companies with responsibility for worker safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weller, S C

    1991-11-01

    Congress is putting pressure on OSHA to finalize its Universal Precaution standards by December. When the standards go into effect, textile rental companies that serve medical, dental, and outpatient care facilities--including private physician and dentist offices--must take steps to protect employees from blood-borne pathogens. Soiled linens, towels, gowns, and other items from any customer in risk categories link a textile rental facility and/or commercial laundry with the OSHA regulations. Read and heed this information. PMID:10115523

  2. Performing global citizenship: women NGO workers' negotiations of complicities in their work practices

    OpenAIRE

    Jong, Sara

    2010-01-01

    The practices of NGOs and development agencies located in the global North have been criticised for displaying (post-)colonial continuities. Concurrently, western feminism has been critiqued for assuming universality in the experiences of white western women. Hence there is a need for reflection on operating within and resisting of these power structures. Using interview data, this thesis investigates the reflections of women NGO workers located in the global North working on gendered iss...

  3. Profile of the musculoskeletal pain suffered by textile tufting workers handling thread cones according to work, age and employment duration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montreuil, S; Laflamme, L; Tellier, C

    1996-01-01

    This paper studies the relationship between some socio-professional characteristics of workers (e.g. age, actual work done, experience in the job, overall time on job market, height) carrying out thread-cone handling tasks and their musculoskeletal pain profiles. Interviews were carried out with foremen and workers, and task analysis was performed. Self-administered questionnaires on work-related pain were filled out by 114 machine operators and creelers in four carpet-manufacturing companies. Statistics on nine individual and 25 pain-symptom characteristics were compiled. For data treatment, two statistical methods complemented one another: the Factorial Analysis of Correspondence (FAC) and the Hierarchical Ascendant Classification (HAC). Four classes of workers showing large differences one to another regarding time of employment on the job market, age, seniority in the company, and job experience were portrayed. No remarkable differences were found between the classes in relation to the proportion of workers showing body pain symptoms; it is greater than 50% in all classes (12 months). Moreover, in all classes, for several workers, the first region of pain (out of three possible) was reported as one persisting over the weekend. The group of workers from 25 to 35 years of age appears to be the one most seriously affected by musculoskeletal pain. PMID:8851074

  4. Women and Plant Closings: Unemployment, Reemployment, and Job Training Enrollment Following Dislocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Suzanna D.; Price, Sharon J.

    Thousands of workers have been dislocated from jobs in the textile and apparel industries as a result of recessions and structural changes in the economy. Because of the large concentrations of female workers in these industries, women have been particularly vulnerable to dislocation. This study examined job dislocation and factors that affect…

  5. Disjunctures for Women and Frontline Workers: Implementation of the Family Violence Option

    OpenAIRE

    Lindhorst, Taryn; Padgett, Julianna D.

    2005-01-01

    This research uses analysis of qualitative interviews with 10 battered welfare clients and 15 frontline welfare workers to examine the implementation of the Family Violence Option (FVO) under welfare reform. States adopting the FVO agree to screen for domestic violence, refer identified victims to community resources, and waive program requirements that would endanger the women or with which they are unable to comply. The analyses find that none of the 10 clients in this study received these ...

  6. Book review: cosmopolitan sex workers: women and migration in a global city

    OpenAIRE

    Goodburn, Charlotte

    2013-01-01

    Cosmopolitan Sex Workers examines the phenomenon of non-trafficked women who migrate from one global city to another to perform paid sexual labour in Southeast Asia. Overall, this is a fascinating and extremely unusual book, writes Charlotte Goodburn, which brings together macro and micro perspectives to present a rich and nuanced picture of transnational sex work, based on extensive fieldwork in hard-to-access communities. Christine B. N. Chin‘s work should be of interest to all those stud...

  7. WOMEN POST OFFICE WORKERS IN BRITAIN: THE LONG STRUGGLE FOR GENDER EQUALITY AND THE POSITIVE IMPACT OF WORLD WAR II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark James Crowley

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In Britain during the Second World War, the Post Office constituted the single largest employer of women. Historically, the Post Office, like many other employers, had discriminated against women. During World War I, shortages of male labor had resulted in some opportunities for women at the Post Office, but the improvement had neither been comprehensive nor enduring. Unlike World War I, World War II, however, proved to a real turning point in the Post Office's personnel practices. By the end of the Second World War, while the Post Office still did not treat women workers completely equally (persisting, for instance, in gender-biased pay practices, management nevertheless had made strides in their treatment and perception of women workers. Post Office executives increasingly perceived women on the payroll not as temporary wartime employees, but as permanent employees, who would be just as essential peacetime as in war.

  8. Measurement of Organochlorine Pesticides Level in Milk Agricultural Women Workers (Mazandaran-Iran)

    OpenAIRE

    A.G. Ebadi; M. Shokrzadeh

    2006-01-01

    Main purpose of this study levels of some organochlorine pesticides were determined in milk samples of mothers living in two agricultural cities of Iran (Sari and Babol in Mazandaran province) in order to assess the trends of woman workers exposure to persistent pollutants. The milk samples gathered from breastfeeding women routine determination of OCPs was performed with GC/ECD. The resulte showed the highest amounts were found for p,p`-DDE, which was 0.056 ?g g-1 in fat in Sari and 0.045 ?g...

  9. Textile Exchange

    Science.gov (United States)

    From crochet machines to the uses of acrylic yarn, the Textile Exchange website has rather fine comprehensive coverage across the nooks and crannies of the textile industry. Visitors to the homepage will find a search engine and a very thorough products directory which includes topical headings like "Textile Products", "Fibers, Yarns & Threads", and "Textile Chemicals". After looking over a few of these areas, visitors will definitely want to peruse the "Knowledge Center". Here they can learn more about fiber and textile history, and the types of weaves. One section that should not be missed is the "Textile Personalities" area. For those individuals who've been pining to learn about giants of the textile industry such as John Mercer, John Kay (who patented the flying shuttle), and Richard Roberts, this area will be quite the eye-opener.

  10. Plasma treatment in textile industry

    OpenAIRE

    Zille, Andrea; Oliveira, Fernando Ribeiro; Souto, A. Pedro

    2014-01-01

    Plasma technology applied to textiles is a dry, environmentally- and worker-friendly method to achieve surface alteration without modifying the bulk properties of different materials. In particular, atmospheric non-thermal plasmas are suited because most textile materials are heat sensitive polymers and applicable in a continuous processes. In the last years plasma technology has become a very active, high growth research field, assuming a great importance among all avail...

  11. Vivência da amamentação por trabalhadoras de uma indústria têxtil do Estado do Ceará, Brasil Vivencia de la amamantación de trabajadoras de una industria textil de Ceará, Brasil Breastfeeding esperiences of women who work at a textile industry from Ceará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Márcia Bustamante de Morais

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo compreender a vivência das funcionárias contratadas em uma indústria têxtil do Estado do Ceará, após o retorno ao trabalho, diante do processo de aleitamento materno ou desmame. Pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa, realizada em junho de 2007 com cinco mães trabalhadoras. Os relatos dos sujeitos, a partir de um roteiro de perguntas abertas, revelaram dificuldades para conciliar o trabalho e a amamentação, consequentes às suas crenças e à falta de suporte social e institucional. As condições de trabalho deficientes a que essas mulheres estão expostas também são fatores determinantes na continuidade ou interrupção da amamentação. Evidenciou-se a necessidade de ampliar as melhorias das instituições com creches, postos de coleta de leite e acompanhamento permanente dessas mulheres quando do retorno ao trabalhoEste estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender la vivencia de las funcionarias contratadas en una industria textil del Estado de Ceara, Brasil, después de regresar al trabajo, frente al proceso de amamantamiento materno o desmame. Investigación de carácter cualitativo, realizada en junio de 2007 con cinco madres trabajadoras. Los relatos de dichas mujeres, a partir de un conjunto de preguntas abiertas, revelaron dificultades para conciliar el trabajo y la amamantación, como consecuencia de sus creencias y de la falta de soporte social e institucional. Las condiciones deficientes de trabajo a las que esas mujeres están expuestas también son factores determinantes en la continuidad o interrupción de la amamantación. Es necesario ampliar las mejorías de las instituciones con guarderías, puestos de recolección de leche y acompañamiento permanente de esas mujeres, cuando se produzca su vuelta al trabajoThis study aimed to understand the experience of women staff employed in a textile industry from Ceara State, Brazil, after returning to work, compared to the process of breastfeeding or weaning. Qualitative research carried out in June 2007 with five working mothers. The stories of these women, from a set of open-ended questions revealed difficulties in reconciling work and breast feeding, because of their beliefs and lack of social and institutional support. The poor conditions of work which these women are exposed are also determining factors in the continuation or discontinuation of breast feeding, being necessary to extend the improvements in institutions with childcare, milk collection places and escorting permanently of these women, when produce their return to work

  12. Vivência da amamentação por trabalhadoras de uma indústria têxtil do Estado do Ceará, Brasil / Breastfeeding esperiences of women who work at a textile industry from Ceará, Brazil / Vivencia de la amamantación de trabajadoras de una industria textil de Ceará, Brasil

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Márcia Bustamante de, Morais; Márcia Maria Tavares, Machado; Priscila de Souza, Aquino; Maria Irismar de, Almeida.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo compreender a vivência das funcionárias contratadas em uma indústria têxtil do Estado do Ceará, após o retorno ao trabalho, diante do processo de aleitamento materno ou desmame. Pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa, realizada em junho de 2007 com cinco mães trabalhadoras. [...] Os relatos dos sujeitos, a partir de um roteiro de perguntas abertas, revelaram dificuldades para conciliar o trabalho e a amamentação, consequentes às suas crenças e à falta de suporte social e institucional. As condições de trabalho deficientes a que essas mulheres estão expostas também são fatores determinantes na continuidade ou interrupção da amamentação. Evidenciou-se a necessidade de ampliar as melhorias das instituições com creches, postos de coleta de leite e acompanhamento permanente dessas mulheres quando do retorno ao trabalho Abstract in spanish Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comprender la vivencia de las funcionarias contratadas en una industria textil del Estado de Ceara, Brasil, después de regresar al trabajo, frente al proceso de amamantamiento materno o desmame. Investigación de carácter cualitativo, realizada en junio de 2007 con cin [...] co madres trabajadoras. Los relatos de dichas mujeres, a partir de un conjunto de preguntas abiertas, revelaron dificultades para conciliar el trabajo y la amamantación, como consecuencia de sus creencias y de la falta de soporte social e institucional. Las condiciones deficientes de trabajo a las que esas mujeres están expuestas también son factores determinantes en la continuidad o interrupción de la amamantación. Es necesario ampliar las mejorías de las instituciones con guarderías, puestos de recolección de leche y acompañamiento permanente de esas mujeres, cuando se produzca su vuelta al trabajo Abstract in english This study aimed to understand the experience of women staff employed in a textile industry from Ceara State, Brazil, after returning to work, compared to the process of breastfeeding or weaning. Qualitative research carried out in June 2007 with five working mothers. The stories of these women, fro [...] m a set of open-ended questions revealed difficulties in reconciling work and breast feeding, because of their beliefs and lack of social and institutional support. The poor conditions of work which these women are exposed are also determining factors in the continuation or discontinuation of breast feeding, being necessary to extend the improvements in institutions with childcare, milk collection places and escorting permanently of these women, when produce their return to work

  13. Attitudes of Turkish Blue Collar Workers Toward Healthy Nutrition

    OpenAIRE

    Pinar Cakiroglu, F.; Eda Tangut

    2008-01-01

    This study is aimed at determining the behaviors in terms of healthy nutrition blue collar workers. 300 workers in total, 150 of which are women and 150 of which are men who work in textile factories in Bursa province were included in the content of the study The socio-demographic characteristics and behaviors in terms of healthy nutrition of the workers who were included in the study were taken into consideration. The data were evaluated according to SPSS 11.0 package software and als...

  14. Tear secretion dysfunction among women workers engaged in light-on tests in the TFT-LCD industry

    OpenAIRE

    Sheen Jiunn-Woei; Lu Chih-Wei; Su Shih-Bin; Kuo Shu-Chun; Guo How-Ran

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background The TFT-LCD (thin film transistor liquid crystal display) industry is rapidly growing in Taiwan and many other countries. A large number of workers, mainly women, are employed in the light-on test process to detect the defects of products. At the light-on test workstation, the operator is generally exposed to low humidity (in the clean room environment), flashing light, and low ambient illumination for long working hours. Many workers complained about eye discomfort, and t...

  15. THE DEVELOPMENT DYNAMICS OF THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY IN MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru GRIBINCEA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Moldovan textile sector is a major domain of the country’s export and still has a tremendous growth potential. The industry accounted for 1.5% of the GDP and 3.9 (NBS of the manufacturing GDP. The textile cluster employed over 2,750 workers in 2010, 4,092 in 2011 and 4,118 in 2012. The most important export destinations for Moldovan textile producers are EU countries. Moldova’s main competitive advantages include the competitive workforce and the fact that this is one of the cheapest locations. Most of these jobs are rural-based and taken by young women, who make up 85-95% of all T&A workers. The value of the manufactured textiles was € 33,8 million in 2010 and rose more than twice - up to € 68,14 million in 2011 and € 78,95 in 2012 (NBS. Moldova has an easy access to both CIS and European markets. Over 83 (NBS companies operate in the Moldovan textile industry, most of them in CM (cut and make, CMT (cut, make and trim processing. Major foreign partners for outsourcing are of Italian, German and Dutch origin, and include Dolce&Gabbana and Trussardi, for instance.

  16. THE DEVELOPMENT DYNAMICS OF THE TEXTILE AND CLOTHING INDUSTRY IN MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru GRIBINCEA

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Moldovan textile sector is a major domain of the country’s export and still has a tremendous growth potential. The industry accounted for 1.5% of the GDP and 3.9 (NBS of the manufacturing GDP. The textile cluster employed over 2,750 workers in 2010, 4,092 in 2011 and 4,118 in 2012. The most important export destinations for Moldovan textile producers are EU countries. Moldova’s main competitive advantages include the competitive workforce and the fact that this is one of the cheapest locations. Most of these jobs are rural-based and taken by young women, who make up 85-95% of all T&A workers. The value of the manufactured textiles was € 33,8 million in 2010 and rose more than twice - up to € 68,14 million in 2011 and € 78,95 in 2012 (NBS. Moldova has an easy access to both CIS and European markets. Over 83 (NBS companies operate in the Moldovan textile industry, most of them in CM (cut and make, CMT (cut, make and trim processing. Major foreign partners for outsourcing are of Italian, German and Dutch origin, and include Dolce&Gabbana and Trussardi, for instance.

  17. Textile World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Textile World is a website for textile industry professionals, manufacturers, investors, as well as those who would like to offer students, young or old, a glimpse into the world of textile production. This website is the perfect vehicle to see all that the textile industry encompasses. One look at the menu on the left hand side of the page informs visitors of several different areas of textile production, such as the "Yarn Market", "Nonwovens/Technical Textiles", "Fiber World", and "Dyeing Printing and Finishing". The "Nonwovens/Technical Textiles" link takes visitors to articles such as "Nonwovens Focus: Human-Centered Applications", which discusses the various types of products that constitute nonwovens. Those products include baby diapers, feminine products, hygiene products, and medical and protective textiles, such as surgical gowns and drapes, and those textiles that protect humans against liquid, biological and chemical agents. An evenhanded look at the increasing friendliness towards the environment that is being manufactured into baby diapers is discussed thoroughly in the article, as is the growing demand for nonwovens in some countries.

  18. Pernicious anaemia in the textile industry.

    OpenAIRE

    Roman, E.; Beral, V.; Sanjose, S.; Schilling, R.; Watson, A.

    1991-01-01

    The objective was to examine whether the observed excess mortality from anaemia in textile and clothing workers was associated with any specific anaemia type or occupational activity. The design was a death certificate based case-control study of textile and clothing workers who died in England and Wales in the years surrounding the decennial censuses of 1961, 1971, and 1981. The main outcome measures were type of anaemia, place of residence, place of birth, and occupation. The frequency of t...

  19. Respiratory disability in ex-cotton workers.

    OpenAIRE

    Elwood, P.C.; Sweetnam, P M; Bevan, C; Saunders, M.J.

    1986-01-01

    A high proportion of textile workers handling cotton and flax complain of respiratory symptoms and show a loss in lung function. These effects are reversible in the early stages but the degree to which they lead to permanent respiratory disability is unknown. Two surveys were therefore conducted in which respiratory function and symptoms were compared in ex-textile workers and in control subjects who had never been exposed to textile dusts. One survey was of ex-flax workers in Northern Irelan...

  20. Exploring Women's Experiences with Job Loss and Community College Retraining: What Do I Do Now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodges, Nancy J.

    2013-01-01

    As the United States economy moves away from manufacturing, members of this workforce are facing an uncertain future. In this study, an interpretive methodological framework is used to explore women's experiences with textile manufacturing job loss, and subsequent retraining at a local community college. Narratives of four displaced workers and…

  1. Textile Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Maurin, Bernard; Motro, Rene?

    2013-01-01

    The basic idea for a textile architecture project originates during early meetings between the architect and the engineer. The morphologic richness of such projects is provided by the varying curvatures of shapes, in contradiction with a classical straight line and orthogonal architecture. However the rules of construction are quite different in terms of realisation and of mechanical behaviour: textile membranes are subjected to a pre-stress conferring them their rigidity, and a major objecti...

  2. Leituras de operárias / Lectures d´ouvrières / Women workers’ readings / Lecturas de obreras

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Betty, Mindlin.

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Defensora de causas sociais, paladina poética contra injustiças e desigualdade, Ecléa Bosi em seu livro Cultura Popular e Cultura de Massa: Leituras de Operárias, pesquisa as leituras de cerca de 50 operárias, procurando ver que acesso têm ao imaginário, aos livros, quais as suas condições de vida, [...] como a sociedade industrial as privam da criação artística e literária, apesar de sua sede de conhecimento e de expressão. Abstract in spanish Defensora de causas sociales, paladina poética contra injusticias y desigualdades, Ecléa Bosi en su libro Cultura Popular e Cultura de Massa: Leituras de Operárias investiga las lecturas de cerca de 50 obreras, buscando ver qué acceso tienen al imaginario, a los libros, cuáles son sus condiciones de [...] vida, cómo la sociedad industrial las privan de la creación artística y literaria, a pesar de su sed de conocimiento y de expresión. Abstract in english A defender of social causes and a poetic paladin crusading against injustice and inequality, Ecléa Bosi’s research into the reading habits of circa 50 women workers led to her book, Cultura Popular e Cultura de Massa: Leituras de Operárias, where she explores their access to books and the imaginary, [...] their lives and how industrial society deprives them of artistic and literary creativity, despite their thirst for knowledge and self expression.

  3. Measurement of Organochlorine Pesticides Level in Milk Agricultural Women Workers (Mazandaran-Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.G. Ebadi

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Main purpose of this study levels of some organochlorine pesticides were determined in milk samples of mothers living in two agricultural cities of Iran (Sari and Babol in Mazandaran province in order to assess the trends of woman workers exposure to persistent pollutants. The milk samples gathered from breastfeeding women routine determination of OCPs was performed with GC/ECD. The resulte showed the highest amounts were found for p,p`-DDE, which was 0.056 ?g g-1 in fat in Sari and 0.045 ?g g-1 fat in Babol , followed by ?-HCH, which was 0.037 ?g g-1 fat and 0.024 ?g g-1 fat, respectively. The low level of OCPs in human milk as found in the present study support the Iranian policy of encouraging breast-feeding. The fact that the mother breast-feeds her child and that she originally comes from a region where DDT is still in use as a vector control agent, as well as the former use of organochlorine pesticides OCPs in agriculture, seems to be the main factors for high DDT and other OCP residues in the mothers` milk.

  4. RISKY HEALTH ENVIRONMENTS:WOMEN SEX WORKERS’ STRUGGLES TO FIND SAFE, SECURE AND NON-EXPLOITATIVE HOUSING IN CANADA’S POOREST POSTAL CODE

    OpenAIRE

    Lazarus, L; Chettiar, J; Deering, K; Nabess, R; K.; Shannon

    2011-01-01

    This study explored low-income and transitional housing environments of women sex workers and their role in shaping agency and power in negotiating safety and sexual risk reduction in Vancouver, Canada. A series of 12 focus group discussions were conducted with 73 women currently involved in street-based sex work. These women were purposively sampled for a range of experiences living in low-income housing environments, including homeless shelters, transitional housing, and co-ed and women-onl...

  5. Living Up to the Ideal of Respectability : Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Implications for Unmarried Migrant Workers, Single Mothers, and Women in Prostitution in Sri Lanka

    OpenAIRE

    Jordal, Malin

    2014-01-01

    This thesis aims to gain a deeper understanding of relationships and sexuality of women at risk of social exclusion in Sri Lanka and the risk of violations of their sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) that they might face. Individual qualitative interviews with migrant women workers (n=18) and men (n=18) in the Free Trade Zone (FTZ), women facing single motherhood (n=28) and women formerly involved in prostitution (n=15) were conducted. Conceptual approaches included gender, soci...

  6. Textile Dictionary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Are you tired of getting the same definitions for batiste, cambric, and lawn in your regular dictionary, when you're sure there must be a difference between them? You can now find detailed definitions to these and 179 other textile terms from the Textile Dictionary, produced by the Internet Centre for Canadian Fashion and Design. The entries are arranged under four main categories: Standard Cotton Fabrics; Standard Silk and Silk Imitation Fabrics; Standard Worsted, Wool and Hair fabrics; and Other Cellulose Fabrics. Details on fiber, weave, characteristics, and uses are given for most entries. The dictionary does not currently have a search capability, which would greatly enhance its usefulness.

  7. Avaliação do risco ergonômico em trabalhadores da indústria têxtil por dois instrumentos: quick exposure check e job factors questionnaire / Ergonomic risk assessment in textile industry workers by two instruments: quick exposure check and job factors questionnaire / Evaluación del riesgo ergonómico en trabajadores de la industria textil con dos instrumentos: quick exposure check y job factors questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Luiza Caires, Comper; Rosimeire Simprini, Padula.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A análise dos fatores de risco ergonômicos presentes em indústrias têxteis auxilia no planejamento de estratégias que contribuem para a melhora das condições de trabalho e redução dos distúrbios osteomusculares. Este estudo se propôs a mensurar os níveis de exposição aos fatores de risco ergonômicos [...] em trabalhadores de dois setores de produção de uma indústria têxtil. Para tanto, os instrumentos Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) e o Quick Exposure Check (QEC) foram aplicados em 107 trabalhadores. Os resultados foram analisados por estatística descritiva. O teste de Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparação dos resultados obtidos entre os setores de produção. O diagnóstico do nível de exposição ao risco ergonômico, obtido por ambos os instrumentos, foi moderado. Os fatores de risco considerados pelo JFQ como mais criticos estão relacionados à temperatura ambiental; postura mantida em longos períodos de tempo; posturas inadequadas para coluna e continuar trabalhando quando está com alguma dor ou com alguma lesão. O QEC identificou as regiões de coluna lombar e punhos/mãos como expostas ao alto risco. Não houveram diferenças estatisticamente significante entre os setores. Abstract in spanish El análisis de los factores de riesgo ergonómicos presentes en industrias textiles ayuda al planeamiento de estrategias que contribuyen a la mejora de las condiciones de trabajo y reducción de los trastornos osteomusculares. Este estudio se propuso medir los niveles de exposición a los factores de r [...] iesgo ergonómicos en trabajadores de dos sectores de producción de una industria textil. Para ello, los instrumentos Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) y el Quick Exposure Check (QEC) fueron aplicados en 107 trabajadores. Los resultados fueron analizados por estadística descriptiva. El test de Mann-Whitney fue utilizado para comparación de los resultados obtenidos entre los sectores de producción. El diagnóstico del nivel de exposición al riesgo ergonómico, obtenido por ambos instrumentos, fue moderado. Los factores de riesgo considerados por el JFQ como más críticos están relacionados a la temperatura ambiental; postura mantenida en largos períodos de tiempo; posturas inadecuadas para la columna y continuar trabajando cuando tiene algún dolor o con alguna lesión. El QEC identificó las regiones de columna lumbar y muñecas/manos como expuestas a alto riesgo. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los sectores. Abstract in english The analysis of ergonomic risk factors that are present in the textile industry helps to plan strategies that can contribute to the improvement of work conditions and the consequent reduction of musculoskeletal disorders. This study aimed at measuring levels of exposure to ergonomic risk factors amo [...] ng workers of two production sections in a textile factory. For this purpose, the instruments Job Factors Questionnaire (JFQ) and Quick Exposure Check (QEC) were applied in 107 workers. The results were analyzed through descriptive statistics. We used Mann-Whitney's test to compare the results between the production sections. The level of exposure to ergonomic risks, obtained through both instruments, was moderate. The risk factors considered as being critical by the JFQ are related to environmental temperature, posture maintained over long periods of time, inadequate spinal posture, and to working even when the worker feels pain or sustains injuries. The QEC identified regions of the lumbar spine and wrists/hands as being exposed to high risk. There were no statistically significant differences between the sections.

  8. Yönetim Tarz? ve Çal??ma Ko?ullar?, Arkada?l?k Ortam? ve Takdir Edilme Duygusu ile ?? Tatmini Aras?ndaki ?li?kiler : Tekstil Sektöründe Bir Uygulama = The Relationship Between Supervision Style, Working Conditions, Co-Workers Behavior, Recognition and Job Satisfaction : A Field Research on Textile Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salih Zeki ?MAMO?LU

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Intensive competition forces firms to work efficiently and effectively with all their resources including human resources. The need for satisfying employees on the job arises as a necessity for the firm success. Firms can achieve their objectives only by developing and maintaining policies and work environments which in turn will result in job satisfaction. In this study the factors which effect job satisfaction are analyzed on a sample of firms operating in the textile industry. Turkish textile firms are well known with their export ability as well as with their use of labor-intensive production technology. High level of job satisfaction of employees is needed for firm performance. The findings of the survey results indicate that supervisory behavior, working conditions, co-workers behavior and recognition are related to job satisfaction, co-workers behavior having the highest effect among all.

  9. Relación entre el consumo de tabaco, salud mental y malestares físicos en hombres trabajadores de una empresa textil mexicana / Relationship among current tobacco use, mental health and physical distress in male workers of a Mexican textile industry

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Carolina, Rodríguez Machain; Nora Angélica, Martínez Vélez; Francisco, Juárez García; Elsa Karina, López Lugo; Silvia, Carreño García; María Elena, Medina-Mora.

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción El consumo de tabaco es considerado un problema de salud pública en todo el mundo debido a la cantidad de enfermedades y muertes relacionadas con su uso. La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) reporta que 30% de los adultos son fumadores y, de éstos, aproximadamente cinco millones de [...] personas morirán en un año. También se estima que para 2020 habrá 8.4 millones de muertes anuales por enfermedades relacionadas con el consumo de tabaco, de las cuales siete de cada 10 ocurrirán en países en vías de desarrollo, como México, donde más de 53 mil personas fumadoras mueren al año por enfermedades asociadas al tabaquismo y al menos 147 personas mueren diariamente. Por otro lado, en la bibliografía se ha encontrado que el daño en el organismo por fumar comienza desde el primer cigarro, que a los 10 años se presentan síntomas sutiles en la función pulmonar y disminución de la tolerancia al ejercicio, y que es entre 20 y 30 años después cuando los síntomas hacen a un fumador tomar conciencia del daño a su salud. En cuanto a la relación entre el uso de tabaco y la salud mental, ésta se evidencia por las consecuencias emocionales que conlleva padecer una enfermedad crónica. En este contexto, el objetivo del presente trabajo fue conocer la relación de problemas emocionales y malestares físicos con el consumo de tabaco en hombres trabajadores de una empresa textil mexicana. Método La muestra estuvo conformada por 279 sujetos que laboraban en una empresa textil, en su mayoría jóvenes entre 18 y 27 años (54.5%), con escolaridad de secundaria (59.3%) y casados o en unión libre (65.6%). El instrumento utilizado incluyó las escalas de salud mental (MHI-5), malestares físicos (SCL-90) y consumo de tabaco. La aplicación del instrumento se realizó de manera grupal dentro de la empresa textil en que laboraban los sujetos. Resultados No se encontraron diferencias significativas en cuanto a problemas de salud mental y síntomas físicos entre fumadores y no fumadores. Mediante un modelo de análisis de trayectorias, se analizó la relación existente entre síntomas físicos, problemas de salud mental e indicadores de consumo de tabaco. Se encontró así que el principal predictor de los síntomas físicos en fumadores es el tiempo que llevan consumiendo y que los síntomas físicos son un importante predictor de problemas de salud mental. Discusión Sin importar la cantidad de cigarrillos consumidos, la frecuencia de consumo ni otros indicadores de consumo elevado, el tiempo que se lleva consumiendo es un predictor importante del número de síntomas físicos que se manifiestan, lo que puede deberse a los efectos dañinos que tiene el consumo prolongado del tabaco. De este modo se confirma lo mencionado en otras investigaciones de que, después de los primeros 10 años de consumo, se presentan malestares físicos sutiles y que a lo largo de 20 o 30 años se presentaran malestares importantes. Si bien no se encontró una relación directa entre consumo de tabaco y salud mental, se puede sugerir una relación indirecta derivada de la influencia que tiene el consumo sobre el plano del bienestar físico. En este sentido es de esperarse que, a medida que se continúe consumiendo tabaco y los malestares físicos aumenten, también se incrementen los problemas de salud mental. Por otro lado, el modelo aquí presentado requiere ser completado incluyendo otras áreas que puedan influir sobre el bienestar físico y mental. Sin embargo, se logró evidenciar la importancia que tiene el consumo de tabaco sobre el malestar físico, a la vez que aumenta la probabilidad de que se presenten más problemas en la salud mental de la población consumidora. Abstract in english Introduction Tobacco use is considered a worldwide public health problem because of the amount of death and disease it causes. The WHO reports that 30% of the adult population in the world are cigarette smokers, and that nearly five million of these will die within one year. Prospective studies perf [...] ormed by t

  10. TEXTILE SALVAGE

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2002-01-01

    Readers are reminded that Geneva's agency for salvaging used clothing, other textiles and old shoes (Coordination d'oeuvres d'entraide pour la récupération de vêtements, textiles et chaussures usagés dans le canton de Genève) has a container in the car park outside CERN's Meyrin site. In 2001, 1000 tonnes of such items were collected in the Canton of Geneva (as compared with 840 tonnes in 2000), of which 4460 kg came from the container outside the Meyrin site. The operation's organisers (Caritas, Centre Social Protestant, the Geneva Section of the Swiss Red Cross, Terre des Hommes, the Geneva branch of Terre des Hommes Suisse and Emmaüs, Geneva) would like to thank all those who have donated clothing or otherwise supported their campaign. Relations with the Host States Service Tel. 72848 http://www.cern.ch/relations/

  11. Tear secretion dysfunction among women workers engaged in light-on tests in the TFT-LCD industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheen Jiunn-Woei

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The TFT-LCD (thin film transistor liquid crystal display industry is rapidly growing in Taiwan and many other countries. A large number of workers, mainly women, are employed in the light-on test process to detect the defects of products. At the light-on test workstation, the operator is generally exposed to low humidity (in the clean room environment, flashing light, and low ambient illumination for long working hours. Many workers complained about eye discomfort, and therefore we conducted a study to evaluate the tear secretion function of light-on test workers of a TFT-LCD company. Methods We recruited workers engaged in light-on tests in the company during their periodical health examination. In addition to a questionnaire survey of demographic characteristics and ophthalmic symptoms, we evaluated the tear secretion function of both eyes of each participant using the Schirmer's lacrimal basal secretion test with anaesthesia. A participant with one or both eyes yielding abnormal test results was defined as a case of tear secretion dysfunction. Results During the study period, a total of 371 light-on test workers received the health examination at the clinic of the park, and 52 of them were excluded due to having ophthalmic diseases and other systemic diseases that may affect ophthalmic function. All the remaining 319 qualified workers agreed to participate in this study, and they were all females working by 4-shift rotations. The average age was 24.2 years old (standard deviation [SD] = 3.8, and the average employment duration was 13.6 months (SD = 5.7. Among the 11 ophthalmic symptoms evaluated, eye dryness was the most prevalent (prevalence = 43.3%. In addition, the prevalence of tear secretion dysfunction in at least one eye was 40.1% (128 cases, and contact lens users had an odds ratio of 1.73 (95% confidence interval = 1.02–2.94 in comparison with non-contact lens users. Comparing the Schirmer's test results of those who also participated in the screening in the previous year, we found 40 of the 156 participants (17.2% with normal test results in the previous year turned abnormal in 2001. In contrast, only 21 of the 76 participants (9.1% with abnormal test results in the previous year turned normal, and the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.02 for McNemar's test. Conclusion The prevalence of tear secretion dysfunction in woman workers engaged in light-on tests is high and increases with a one-year duration of employment. The use of contact lens may further increase the risk.

  12. Tear secretion dysfunction among women workers engaged in light-on tests in the TFT-LCD industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Shih-Bin; Lu, Chih-Wei; Sheen, Jiunn-Woei; Kuo, Shu-Chun; Guo, How-Ran

    2006-01-01

    Background The TFT-LCD (thin film transistor liquid crystal display) industry is rapidly growing in Taiwan and many other countries. A large number of workers, mainly women, are employed in the light-on test process to detect the defects of products. At the light-on test workstation, the operator is generally exposed to low humidity (in the clean room environment), flashing light, and low ambient illumination for long working hours. Many workers complained about eye discomfort, and therefore we conducted a study to evaluate the tear secretion function of light-on test workers of a TFT-LCD company. Methods We recruited workers engaged in light-on tests in the company during their periodical health examination. In addition to a questionnaire survey of demographic characteristics and ophthalmic symptoms, we evaluated the tear secretion function of both eyes of each participant using the Schirmer's lacrimal basal secretion test with anaesthesia. A participant with one or both eyes yielding abnormal test results was defined as a case of tear secretion dysfunction. Results During the study period, a total of 371 light-on test workers received the health examination at the clinic of the park, and 52 of them were excluded due to having ophthalmic diseases and other systemic diseases that may affect ophthalmic function. All the remaining 319 qualified workers agreed to participate in this study, and they were all females working by 4-shift rotations. The average age was 24.2 years old (standard deviation [SD] = 3.8), and the average employment duration was 13.6 months (SD = 5.7). Among the 11 ophthalmic symptoms evaluated, eye dryness was the most prevalent (prevalence = 43.3%). In addition, the prevalence of tear secretion dysfunction in at least one eye was 40.1% (128 cases), and contact lens users had an odds ratio of 1.73 (95% confidence interval = 1.02–2.94) in comparison with non-contact lens users. Comparing the Schirmer's test results of those who also participated in the screening in the previous year, we found 40 of the 156 participants (17.2%) with normal test results in the previous year turned abnormal in 2001. In contrast, only 21 of the 76 participants (9.1%) with abnormal test results in the previous year turned normal, and the difference was statistically significant (p = 0.02 for McNemar's test). Conclusion The prevalence of tear secretion dysfunction in woman workers engaged in light-on tests is high and increases with a one-year duration of employment. The use of contact lens may further increase the risk. PMID:17173696

  13. Electronic textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Reichl, Herbert; Kallmayer, Christine; Linz, Torsten

    2006-01-01

    In the context of Ambient Intelligence the integration of electronics into textiles has gained much interest recently. With the next generation of mobile devices it can be expected that there will be no more separation between local/mobile data processing and data exchange. Along with the improved infrastructure, the mobile devices, e.g., mobile phone, PDA, and MP3 player, have to change to meet the future requirements of mobile communication and computing. This will also lead to a significan...

  14. Work role and depression in women: a comparison of workers and housewives in treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mostow, E; Newberry, P

    1975-07-01

    Comparison of a patient population of depressed housewives with a matched group of depressed working women revealed some significant differences in social functioning in relation to work roles. The psychological benefits of outside employment have been widely discussed in relation to middle-class and upper-class women; this study indicates that, for women of lower socio-economic status, work may also have a protective psychological effect. PMID:1180337

  15. Risk Points of Flame Retardant Textiles by Halogen and Halogen-Free Laminating Film

    OpenAIRE

    Yoon Jeong Baek; Jeoung Hwa Shin

    2014-01-01

    This study was to develop the flame retardant (FR) protective clothing which had multifunction such anti-bacterial, UV cut, FR function with water repellent and water vapor permeable laminating textiles for industrial workers. First of all, the FR yarn and FR textiles were developed for this purpose. Second, the comparison analysis between the halogen laminating textiles and halogen-free laminating textiles were tested to figure out the eco-friendly laminating method. Third, the flame retarda...

  16. Operárias no Cariri cearense: fábrica, família e violência doméstica / Women workers in the Brazilian Northeast: factory, family and domestic violence

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Iara Maria, Araújo; Jacob Carlos, Lima; Izabel Cristina Ferreira, Borsoi.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo discutimos as mudanças representadas pela entrada de mulheres no trabalho fabril numa região de industrialização recente, buscando verificar em que medida essa inserção, em um contexto de crise do emprego e em uma região marcada pela informalidade de parte significativa das atividades e [...] conômicas, tem influenciado a redefinição dos papéis familiares e acentuado conflitos geradores de violência doméstica. Foram realizadas entrevistas com 14 mulheres que denunciaram algum tipo de violência praticada por seus maridos ou companheiros na Delegacia Regional da Mulher, no município de Crato, CE. Os dados obtidos apontam, entre outros aspectos, que a entrada das mulheres na esfera pública e a autonomia financeira, propiciadas pelo trabalho fabril, tendem a provocar mudanças nos tradicionais papéis de gênero, cujas consequências tem se expressado no questionamento do lugar do homem como provedor, nos rompimentos do grupo familiar e violência doméstica contra as trabalhadoras. Abstract in english In this article, we will argue about the changes represented by the entrance of women in the factory work in a region of recent industrialization, aiming at verifying to which extent such insertion, in a context of employment crisis in a region marked by informal labor activities, has influenced the [...] redefinition of the family roles and increased conflicts that cause domestic violence. A group of 14 women workers that denounced the domestic violence in Crato City, Ceará State, was observed. We intend to recoup the changes perceived by these workers in its life of work and its ordinary life. The women entrance in the public sphere tends to pressure for changes in the traditional roles of gender with distinct gradations, since adjustments in the domestic life until disruption of the family group.

  17. Risky health environments: women sex workers' struggles to find safe, secure and non-exploitative housing in Canada's poorest postal code.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazarus, L; Chettiar, J; Deering, K; Nabess, R; Shannon, K

    2011-12-01

    This study explored low-income and transitional housing environments of women sex workers and their role in shaping agency and power in negotiating safety and sexual risk reduction in Vancouver, Canada. A series of 12 focus group discussions were conducted with 73 women currently involved in street-based sex work. These women were purposively sampled for a range of experiences living in low-income housing environments, including homeless shelters, transitional housing, and co-ed and women-only single-room occupancy (SRO) hotels. Drawing on the risk environment framework and theoretical constructs of gender, agency and power, analyses demonstrate that women continue to be vulnerable to violence and sexual and economic exploitation and have reduced ability to negotiate risk reduction resulting from the physical, structural and social environments of current dominant male-centred housing models. Within the physical environment, women described inhabitable housing conditions in SROs with infestations of bedbugs and rats, leading women to even more transitional housing options such as shelters and couch-surfing. In many cases, this resulted in their economic exploitation and increased sexual risk. Within the structural environment, enforcement of curfews and guest policies forced women to accept risky clients to meet curfew, or work outdoors where their ability to negotiate safety and condom use were limited. Certain policies promoted women's agency and mitigated their ability to reduce risks when selling sex. These included flexible curfews and being able to bring clients home. The social environments of co-ed single-room occupancy hotels resulted in repeated violence by male residents and discrimination by male building staff. Women-only shelters and SROs facilitated 'enabling environments' where women developed support systems with other working women that resulted in safer work practices. The narratives expressed in this study reveal the critical need for public health interventions and safer supportive housing to account for the daily lived experiences of women sex workers. PMID:22018526

  18. Pharmacy workers in Nepal can provide the correct information about using mifepristone and misoprostol to women seeking medication to induce abortion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamang, Anand; Puri, Mahesh; Lama, Kalyan; Shrestha, Prabhakar

    2015-02-01

    In Nepal, despite policy restrictions, both registered and unregistered brands of mifepristone and misoprostol can easily be obtained at pharmacies. Since many women visit pharmacies for abortion information, ensuring that they receive effective care from pharmacy workers remains an important challenge. We conducted an operations research study to examine whether trained pharmacy workers can correctly provide information on safe use of mifepristone and misoprostol for early first trimester medical abortion. Pharmacy workers in one district were given orientation and training using a harm-reduction approach, and compared with a non-equivalent comparison group in the second district. Overall, trained pharmacy workers' knowledge increased substantially, but no increase was found in the comparison group. Compared to the baseline (65%), 97% of trained pharmacy workers knew up to what stage of pregnancy and how women should use mifepristone and misoprostol. A higher percentage of pharmacy workers in the intervention group (77%) compared to the comparison group (49%) were knowledgeable at follow-up about determining whether an abortion was successful, implying a need for improving this aspect of training. As many mid-level health providers run their own pharmacies and offer medical abortion pills, it is important for the government to consider training these providers and registering their pharmacies as safe medical abortion service outlets. PMID:25702074

  19. Mujeres productoras y representaciones sociales: Movimiento de Mujeres en Lucha de Río Negro y Neuquén / Women workers and representatives: Río Negro and Neuquén Women at fight Movement

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alicia Ester, González.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios económicos de la década del 90 y la dificultad de los partidos políticos y representaciones parlamentarias para responder a las demandas de la sociedad, facilitan la incorporación en los conflictos sociales de "nuevas formas de hacer política" con actores que se van definiendo de manera [...] novedosa, como es el caso de las mujeres. La actividad frutícola en el Alto Valle de Río Negro y Neuquén entra en crisis en las décadas del '80 y '90. La concentración económica, las desigualdades entre los distintos sectores del circuito agroindustrial y la aparición de fuertes conflictos constituyen las manifestaciones más notorias de la misma. En este contexto, el análisis de las prácticas, actividades y representaciones de las mujeres productoras que integran el Movimiento Mujeres en Lucha de Río Negro y Neuquén permite comprender el protagonismo que éstas adquieren en la lucha por sus reivindicaciones y determinar la incidencia de estas acciones en el proceso de conformación de su identidad social. Abstract in english The financial changes of the 90s decade and the difficulty of political parties and parlamentarian representations to answer the society demands, facilitate the incorporation in social conflicts of ¨new ways of engaing in politics¨ with agents that go defining themselves in a completely new way, as [...] it is the case of women. The fruit activity in Alto Valle of Neuquén and Río Negro region starts going through a crisis in the 80s and 90s decades. The economic concentration together with the disparities between the different groups of the farming industry circuit, and the appearance of strong conflicts establish the most notorious signs of that crisis. In this context, we are interested in analisying the practises, activities and representations of women workers that belong to Rio Negro and Neuquen Women at fight Movementin order to understand the prominence that they gain in this fight thanks to their demands, and in this way determine the incidence of these actions in the process of composition of their social identity.

  20. Introduction to Textile Terms

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document is a brief glossary of terms used in textiles. It would be particularly useful for students in an introductory textiles course. The vocabulary used to describe textiles is often varied and unfamiliar and the terms on this list are a sample of common textile terms related to hand-made textiles. As it is only four pages long, and available in pdf form, it could easily be printed and used as a study guide or handout. The publication is provided as a service of The Textile Museum, which is one of the world's foremost specialty museums, located in Washington D.C.

  1. Family Types, Authority Structure and Women Workers in Sindh Labor Force: Problems and Prospects

    OpenAIRE

    Wasim, Mohammad Pervez; Herani, Gobind M.; Farooqui, Wahid; M. A. Qureshi

    2008-01-01

    The development of a society is virtually dependent upon the quality of human resources both male and female, the changing pattern of economic and social development of world societies irrespective of their level of development, necessitates and equal advancement of both the social segments. The numerical reality that women constitute about nearly half of the total population of Sindh ideally assigns to them equal participating role in the economic life of the province. However, like other ...

  2. Mama Benz in Trouble : Networks, the State, and Fashion Wars in the Beninese Textile Market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prag, Ebbe

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the impact of Chinese textile imports on the organization and politics of women’s textile trading networks in Benin. The incursion of cheap Chinese textiles into markets previously dominated by imported European fabrics has shifted the balance of power between networks of women traders in Benin’s apex textile market, reconfiguring relations between textile traders, state officials and international companies. Focusing on the political as well as the economic dimensions of trading networks that feed regional smuggling systems across West Africa, this article reveals how global linkages transform local economic networks, and how local actors structure networks for global economic partners. Far from bypassing state actors, this process is shown to incorporate state officials from above and from below, splintering established trading networks and weaving new ones from emerging configurations of textile traders, state officials and global textile exporters.

  3. Design development scopes towards occupational wellness of women workers: Specific reference to local agro based food processing industries in NE India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Nandita; Chakrabarti, Debkumar

    2012-09-01

    Women workers constitute one of the most vulnerable segments of the country's labour force. They often face different workplace health challenges than men do. They are engaged in a range of work that extends from heavy, monotonous, repetitive jobs, which are in many times experienced with low-paid and involves in long hours of work. Women's workplace health problems are frequently compounded by getting more of the same at home - the "double jeopardy" of domestic work [1]. Specific issues to improve the workers motivation leading to enhancement of productivity and improving occupational health and safety were addressed. Context specific application of ergonomics principles were studied in the process of designing of work related equipment of local fruit processing units, as well as in tea industry, covering 180 subjects selected purposively. Ergonomic risk factors prevailed among the workers associates productivity and relevant health issues were quantified using QEC, RULA. NMQ was used to gather data on prevalence of CTDs among the workers. Pineapple peeling, tea leaves plucking were found highly labour intensive, done manually. Postures scores found were very high. WRMSDs were prevalent among the workers. Scope for ergonomic design intervention was observed to improve productivity and occupational health. PMID:23579377

  4. Textiles and Apparel Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

    This document contains teacher's materials for a seven-unit secondary education vocational home economics course on textiles and apparel design. The units cover: (1) fiber/fiber characteristics and textile development (including fabrication and dyeing, printing, and finishing); (2) textile and apparel design industries (including their history and…

  5. Environmental management system case study: textile wet processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Textile industry is one of the oldest industries, it started very early in the ancient ages, its grows and improves gradually at the first and then rapidly to satisfy other different need of the mankind, even for luxury purposes, this development caused damage to environment, then its need the treatment. Textile wet processes used significant quantities of water and various kind of chemicals marketed under the name textile auxiliaries, to enhance the appearance of the fabric, serviceability, and durability. The chemical contamination of textile wet processes can be a health risk for the mill workers, consumers and for the environment as well. A number of schemes have been proposed in different countries to control the textile wet processes to create better environment and protect the ecosystem from further degradation, the developing countries need to apply their designed policies from the beginning. A theoretical study for probability of application of environmental management system in textile industry, to prevent or eliminate textile industry pollution that considered as one of the largest polluters in Sudanese environment, especially after the government (industrial ministry) support and facilitate to textile industry development. Applying environmental management system can appreciably reduce the textile industry pollution as founded from the study.(Author)

  6. Sex workers self-organizing and empowerment : the experience of Women’s Network for Unity (WNU) in Cambodia : article produced as part of the KIC Project

    OpenAIRE

    Womyn's Agenda for Change; Women’s Network for Unity

    2007-01-01

    Many organizations that are working with sex workers have learned that it is ineffective to provide HIV and other health services to them if they do not consider – and address – sex workers’ work environments, where many cases of human rights violations can be found. Thus, they gradually move into rights-based activities. By reframing sex workers’ health as a rights issue, the focus of HIV prevention work with sex workers shifts from individual-level behaviour change communication to ...

  7. Income support policies for part-time workers: a stepping-stone to regular jobs? ; An application to young long-term unemployed women in Belgium

    OpenAIRE

    Cockx, Bart; Robin, Stéphane; Goebel, Christian

    2006-01-01

    We verify whether an income support policy for part-time workers in Belgium increases the transition from unemployment to non-subsidised, ?regular? employment. Using a sample of 8630 long-term unemployed young women, whose labour market history is observed from 1998 to 2001, we implement the ?timing of events? approach proposed by Abbring and Van den Berg (2003) to control for selection effects. Our results suggest that the policy has a significantly positive effect on the transition to n...

  8. Weibliche Arbeitserfahrungen in der DDR Women’s Work experiences in the GDR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albrecht Wiesener

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Annegret Schüle kommt in ihrer Untersuchung zu dem Ergebnis, dass die DDR-Diktatur das Leben von Frauen mehr veränderte als das der Männer. Ihre auf Interviews basierende Untersuchung fokussiert den (Berufs-Alltag von Frauen in der Leipziger Baumwollspinnerei. Anhand der drei Kategorien „Generation“, „Frauenarbeit“ und „Vergemeinschaftung im Betrieb“ diskutiert sie die geführten Interviews , die Förderung weiblicher Erwerbstätiger einerseits und das Negativimage des Textilbetriebs andererseits. Die Autorin legt eine überzeugende Studie zur Erfahrungsgeschichte weiblicher Industriearbeit vor und zeigt am konkreten Beispiel, wie die DDR-Gesellschaft in einer von Frauen getragenen familiarisierten Betriebskultur nicht aufgebrochen, sondern in einer eigentümlichen Verbindung von Geborgenheit und Unterordnung reproduziert wurde.Schüle argues that the Eastern German dictatorship had a greater impact on the lives of women than on those of their male counterparts. Her research, based on interviews with female workers in a in a cotton-spinning factory in Leipzig, portrays women’s everyday-life and work, and offers a convincing study of the experience of female industrial workers. Using the three categories “cohort,” “women’s work,” and a discourse of “factory-as-community,” Schüle discusses her interviews with respect to the promotion of female textile workers on the one hand and the negative stereotypes associated with working in the textile industry on the other hand. Using concrete examples, Schüle demonstrates how a factory organised by women did not undermine the patriarchal frame in which it was embedded but how existing power differentials were reproduced as part of a discourse of family, security, and subordination.

  9. Respuesta sexual en mujeres de edad mediana trabajadoras de la salud Sexual response in mean age health workers women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaquelín González Ricardo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la incorporación al trabajo insertado y el escenario laboral son factores sociales implicados en la función sexual de la mujer en etapa reproductiva, sin embargo, sus significados no están bien establecidos en la mujer en etapa de climaterio. Objetivo: identificar algunos aspectos relativos a la respuesta sexual en mujeres de edad mediana que laboran en centros de salud de Ciudad de la Habana. Métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal que consistió en entrevistar a las 59 mujeres de edad mediana que respondieron a la convocatoria de participar en el estudio, todas trabajadoras de 2 centros asistenciales del sector salud del municipio San Miguel del Padrón, en Ciudad de La Habana, y todas con edades entre 38 y 59 años y con pareja sexual estable. Se empleó una encuesta autoadministrada para explorar aspectos sociodemográficos, y cambios en la respuesta sexual (deseo, excitación y orgasmo en los últimos 6 meses. Como variables a controlar se utilizaron: la edad actual, la etapa de climaterio, las características de las relaciones de pareja y la sobrecarga de género. Se emplearon estadígrafos descriptivos y ANOVA para establecer diferencias entre grupos (valor de pIntroduction: to be incorporated into work and the working environment are social factors involved in sexual function of woman in reproductive stage, however, its meanings are not well established in the woman in climateric stage. Objective: our objective was to identify some features related to sexual response in mean age women working in health centers of Ciudad de La Habana. Methods: a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted to interview 59 mean age women participant in such study working in two assistance centers of health sector from the San Miguel del Padrón municipality in Ciudad de La Habana aged between 38 and 59 and with a stable sexual partner. A self-administered opinion poll was used to explore the sociodemographic features and the changes in sexual response (desire, excitation and orgasm during the past months. The variables to be controlled were: present age, climateric stage, features of partner relationships and genre overload. Descriptive stadigraphs were used and ANOVA to establish differences among groups (value of p < 0,05 for statistical significance. Results: most of polled persons expressed no change in sexual response features. Decrease of any of the sexual response phases was related to the partner relationships features, with a older age of woman and to the menopause stage, results similar to other reports made in women with similar sociodemographic features no workers of health sector. Influence of genre overload over sexual response was not identified. Conclusions: features related to sexual response identified in the mean age women group were similar to those of other national and international reports. It is not confirmed that the working scenario selected had influence (negative or positive on the sexual response of study women.

  10. The Textile Museum

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Textile Museum in Washington, D.C. and its website offer a great look into an oft-ignored medium. Historic textiles, functional textiles, and art textiles can all be found on this museum's website, thanks to the collecting savvy of George Hewitt Myers, who founded the museum in 1925. Visitors will enjoy learning about the Textile of the Month when they go to the "Collections" link, found under "Exhibitions and Collections". Scroll down after reading the introductory paragraphs to "Collections", to learn about almost 60 textiles that have been featured as a textile of the month. There is a sock, (possibly from Egypt) from the 12th century, a 19th Century Bhutanese Throne Cover and an intriguing raffia skirt from 20th century Zaire. Visitors can click on the title below the thumbnail image of the textile to see it expanded in all its glory. Visitors can also read about what the textile is made from, how it was made, and how it was worn. As with any type of art work, its conservation is of utmost importance. In the "Care & Display" link at the bottom of any page, visitors can read the techniques employed by the museum to combat cloth-eating bugs, store Oriental carpets, and hang textiles appropriately.

  11. Hearing loss in a textile factory.

    OpenAIRE

    Shakhatreh, F. M.; Abdul-baqi, K. J.; Turk, M. M.

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVES To compare the prevalence rate of hearing loss at different levels of noise in a textile factory and to find out the levels of hearing loss according to duration (years) of employment in the factory. METHODS Seventy workers exposed to different levels of noise were matched with 70 persons in the community who were not exposed to occupational noise. Noise levels dB(A) were measured at different locations in the factory. Hearing was assessed in all participants. Few cases we...

  12. 21 CFR 177.2800 - Textiles and textile fibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... N -Oleyl, N? -acetyl, N? -?-hydroxy-ethylenediamine Petrolatum Petroleum sulfonate Pine oil Polybutene... Triethanolamine Ultramarine blue Waxes, petroleum Zinc hydrosulfite (e) Textile and textile fibers are...

  13. Education and the Transformation of Markets and Technology in the Textile Industry. Technical Paper No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Thomas

    This report on the textile industry focuses on the training and education of production-level textile workers--from unskilled factory hands to first-level supervisors. It is part of a larger study of the educational implications of broad economic changes, particularly the spread of microelectronic technologies, growing national and international…

  14. Corantes têxteis Textile dyes

    OpenAIRE

    Guaratini, Cla?udia C. I.; Zanoni, Maria Valnice B.

    2000-01-01

    A dye is a colored substance used to impart permanent color to other substances. Its most important use is in coloring textile fibers and fabrics. The removal of colour from dyehouse waste waters is currently a major problem in the textile sector. This paper provides an overview of the treatment technologies that can currently be used by the textile processor and the developments over the past decade with respect to the toxicological and ecotoxicological properties of synthetic organic dyes.

  15. Wrinkle resistant cellulosic textiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitchens, J.D.; Patton, R.T.; Nadar, R.S.

    1991-08-27

    This patent describes a process for treating a cellulosic textile material so as to impart wrinkle resistance and smooth drying properties. It comprises treating the cellulosic textile material with an aqueous solution comprising trans-1,2,3,4-cyclobutane tetracarboxylic acid, and a curing catalyst, and heating the treated material so as to produce esterification and crosslinking of the material with the acid.

  16. Textile Museum of Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Textile Museum of Canada

    The Textile Museum of Canada contains more than 10,000 textiles and spans almost 2,000 years and 190 world regions. Visit this virtual exhibit to learn about fabric from all over the world. You can search exhibits or explore online projects.

  17. CONTAINER FOR USED TEXTILES

    CERN Multimedia

    Relation with the Host States

    2001-01-01

    We should like to remind you that a special container for textiles for the Association 'Réalise/Rapid Service' of Geneva is located in the car park outside the Meyrin site. The Association has informed us that 3 306 kg of textiles were deposited in the container in 2000 and wishes to convey its warm gratitude to all donors.

  18. Comparação da percepção de fadiga e de capacidade para o trabalho entre trabalhadores têxteis de empresas que se encontram em diferentes estágios de responsabilidade social empresarial no estado de São Paulo, Brasil Comparison of fatigue and workability among textile workers of companies in different stages of corporate social responsibility in the state of São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Jorge Metzner

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Comparar as características demográficas e as percepções da capacidade para o trabalho, fadiga e condições de trabalho entre trabalhadores de indústrias têxteis que estejam em diferentes estágios de responsabilidade social empresarial (RSE. MÉTODOS: Em estudo transversal, 126 trabalhadores de três empresas e cinco fábricas responderam a questionário de caracterização demográfica, condições e estilos de vida, a autoavaliações sobre fadiga, condições de trabalho e capacidade para o trabalho. As empresas foram classificadas em dois grupos de pontuação de indicadores de RSE (o grupo um de menor pontuação e o grupo dois de maior pontuação, com base nas respostas dadas em questionário específico. RESULTADOS: Não foram encontradas diferenças (p > 0,05 nos resultados de capacidade para o trabalho, fadiga e na maior parte dos dados demográficos obtidos entre os trabalhadores dos dois grupos. As melhores condições de trabalho, no grupo de maior pontuação (p = 0,008, deveram-se principalmente ao fornecimento de refeições nas fábricas. CONCLUSÕES: O desenvolvimento e a implementação de projetos de RSE não implicam, necessariamente, em melhores condições de trabalho ou em percepções dos trabalhadores de menor fadiga ou maior capacidade para o trabalho, em relação a empresas que não dispõem desses projetos. Por tratar-se de estudo transversal com população reduzida e como a capacidade para o trabalho pode diminuir com o envelhecimento do trabalhador novos estudos, preferencialmente longitudinais, deverão ser realizados, com populações maiores.OBJECTIVES: To compare demographic data and perception of workability, fatigue and working conditions among groups of workers of textile industries in different stages of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR. RATIONAL: Cross-sectional study with 126 workers of 5 textile plants and 3 companies, they were asked to fill out a questionnaire to evaluate demographic, living conditions and life styles as well as fatigue, working conditions and workability index. Companies were classified based on a specific evaluation, according to their CSR scores, in 2 CSR score groups (group 1 with lower CSR scores and group 2 with higher CSR scores RESULTS: No significant differences (p < 0.05 were found comparing results of fatigue, workability index, and most demographic characteristics obtained among workers from the two groups. The best working conditions in the group with highest CSR scores (p = 0.008 were in plants that provided meals for the workers. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation and development of CSR projects do not necessarily mean better working conditions, less fatigue or higher workability. However, as this was a cross-sectional study with a small population sample and as working capacity may decrease with ageing of workers, new longitudinal studies must be performed with a larger population.

  19. Social hazards on the job: workplace abuse, sexual harassment, and racial discrimination--a study of Black, Latino, and White low-income women and men workers in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krieger, Nancy; Waterman, Pamela D; Hartman, Cathy; Bates, Lisa M; Stoddard, Anne M; Quinn, Margaret M; Sorensen, Glorian; Barbeau, Elizabeth M

    2006-01-01

    This study documents the prevalence of workplace abuse, sexual harassment at work, and lifetime experiences of racial discrimination among the United for Health cohort of 1,202 predominantly black, Latino, and white women and men low-income union workers in the Greater Boston area. Overall, 85 percent of the cohort reported exposure to at least one of these three social hazards; exposure to all three reached 20 to 30 percent among black women and women and men in racial/ethnic groups other than white, black, or Latino. Workplace abuse in the past year, reported by slightly more than half the workers, was most frequently reported by the white men (69%). Sexual harassment at work in the past year was reported by 26 percent of the women and 22 percent of the men, with values of 20 percent or more in all racial/ ethnic-gender groups other than Latinas and white men. High exposure to racial discrimination was reported by 37 percent of the workers of color, compared with 10 percent of the white workers, with black workers reporting the greatest exposure (44%). Together, these findings imply that the lived--and combined-experiences of class, race, and gender inequities and their attendant assaults on human dignity are highly germane to analyses of workers' health. PMID:16524165

  20. Negotiating respectability: migrant women workers' perceptions of relationships and sexuality in free trade zones in Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordal, Malin; Wijewardena, Kumudu; Ohman, Ann; Essén, Birgitta; Olsson, Pia

    2014-01-01

    Migration has implications for women's sexual and reproductive health and rights. Our purpose with this study was to explore unmarried migrant women's perceptions of relationships and sexuality in the context of Sri Lankan Free Trade Zones. Sixteen semi-structured qualitative interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. We found that the women's perceptions were influenced by gendered hegemonic notions of respectability and virginity. Complex gender relations both worked in favor of and against women's sexual and reproductive health and rights. Programs for improvement of migrant women's health should be informed by contextualized analysis of gender relations with its various dimensions and levels. PMID:24279615

  1. Smart textiles: Challenges and opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherenack, Kunigunde; van Pieterson, Liesbeth

    2012-11-01

    Smart textiles research represents a new model for generating creative and novel solutions for integrating electronics into unusual environments and will result in new discoveries that push the boundaries of science forward. A key driver for smart textiles research is the fact that both textile and electronics fabrication processes are capable of functionalizing large-area surfaces at very high speeds. In this article we review the history of smart textiles development, introducing the main trends and technological challenges faced in this field. Then, we identify key challenges that are the focus of ongoing research. We then proceed to discuss fundamentals of smart textiles: textile fabrication methods and textile interconnect lines, textile sensor, and output device components and integration of commercial components into textile architectures. Next we discuss representative smart textile systems and finally provide our outlook over the field and a prediction for the future.

  2. Hygiene monitoring of textiles used in the food industry

    OpenAIRE

    Fijan, Sabina; Cenci?, Avrelija; Šostar-Turk, Sonja

    2012-01-01

    Protective clothing is required in the food-processing industry, to protect workers from contamination by bacteria, fungi, viruses, prions etc. contained in the secretions and raw meat of slaughtered animals, and to protect the meat from being contaminated by microorganisms carried by the workers. It is well-understood that textiles are a control point (CP), and must be appropriately cleaned and disinfected in order to prevent biocontamination. Although the laundering procedure itself is impo...

  3. Bioplastics in Textiles / Bioplastics in Textiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Marija GRANCARI?

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Large quantities of available biomass that needs to be used are the main reason for bioplastics revival. In many cases it is an optimal solution for a particular purpose. The production of textile used for clothing, medicine, and the automotive industry being the main consumer of technical textile where textile constitutes almost 85% of the car interior follow this trend. The important reasons for application are functionality and biomass utilization. Permanent increase in bioplastic production capacity is expected. The paper presents new achievements in textiles and the related areas. / Zbog velike koli?ine raspoložive biomase koju treba iskoristiti bioplastika doživljava renesansu. U nekim je slu?ajevima dobro rješenje za odre?enu namjenu. Takav trend slijedi i proizvodnja tekstila za potrebe odijevanja, medicine i automobilske industrije, glavnoga korisnika tehni?kog tekstila, gdje tekstil ?ini gotovo 85 % unutrašnjosti automobila. Važni razlozi primjene su funkcionalnost i iskoristivost otpadne biomase te se o?ekuje trajno pove?anje kapaciteta za proizvodnju bioplastike. U radu su prikazana nova dostignu?a u tekstilstvu i srodnim granama.

  4. Access and utilization of HIV treatment and services among women sex workers in Vancouver’s downtown eastside

    OpenAIRE

    SHANNON, Kate; Bright, Vicki; Duddy, Janice; Tyndall, Mark W

    2005-01-01

    Many HIV-infected women are not realizing the benefits of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) despite significant advancements in treatment. Women in Vancouver’s Downtown Eastside (DTES) are highly marginalized and struggle with multiple morbidities, unstable housing, addiction, survival sex, and elevated risk of sexual and drug-related harms, including HIV infection. Although recent studies have identified the heightened risk of HIV infection among women engaged in sex work and inje...

  5. Corantes têxteis / Textile dyes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cláudia C. I., Guaratini; Maria Valnice B., Zanoni.

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available [...] Abstract in english A dye is a colored substance used to impart permanent color to other substances. Its most important use is in coloring textile fibers and fabrics. The removal of colour from dyehouse waste waters is currently a major problem in the textile sector. This paper provides an overview of the treatment tec [...] hnologies that can currently be used by the textile processor and the developments over the past decade with respect to the toxicological and ecotoxicological properties of synthetic organic dyes.

  6. Sensors: conductive fiber-based ultrasensitive textile pressure sensor for wearable electronics (adv. Mater. 15/2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jaehong; Kwon, Hyukho; Seo, Jungmok; Shin, Sera; Koo, Ja Hoon; Pang, Changhyun; Son, Seungbae; Kim, Jae Hyung; Jang, Yong Hoon; Kim, Dae Eun; Lee, Taeyoon

    2015-04-01

    A textile pressure sensor has huge potential for applications such as diagnostics, monitoring patients, and human motion detection. On page 2433, T. Lee and co-workers demonstrate ultrasensitive textile pressure sensors that can be fabricated by using PDMS-coated conductive fibers and pixelated to matrix-type sensors in fabrics by using a weaving method. The textile pressure sensor can be imbedded into gloves and clothes to control machines wirelessly as human-machine interfaces. PMID:25867287

  7. E-Textiles Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhaval Gandhi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we aim to study the most challenging aspects faced during the production and integration of ubiquitous electronic and computational elements into fabric. In the near future, textile products including what one wears will transform from their present to multifunctional, adaptive and responsive systems. The functions may include communication, computation and entertainment, as well as health care. Textiles used in non-apparel applications may perform surveillance and detection functions. This paper presents three new techniques for attaching off-the-shelf electrical hardware to e-textiles: (a the design of fabric PCBs or iron-on circuits to attach electronics directly to a fabric substrate; (b the use of electronic sequins to create wearable displays and other artefacts; and(c the use of socket buttons to facilitate connecting pluggable devices to textiles

  8. The Commoditization of Chinese Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Hill

    1989-01-01

    Documents women's historically low place in Chinese culture as an integral part of a complex economic pattern. Covers the following topics: (1) women, family, and economy; (2) the Chinese modes of production; (3) views of commodity production in China; (4) class relations; (5) women's labor; and (6) textiles, women, and class. (JS)

  9. CONTAINER FOR USED TEXTILES

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations avec les Pays hôtes

    2000-01-01

    We should like to remind you that a special container for textiles for the Association 'Réalise/Rapid Service' of Geneva is located in the car park outside the Meyrin site.The Association has informed us that 2 530 kg of textiles were deposited in the container in 1998 and wishes to convey its warm gratitude to all donors.Relations with the Host StatesTel. 75152

  10. Digital Textile Printing

    OpenAIRE

    Moltchanova, Julia

    2011-01-01

    Rapidly evolving technology of digital printing opens new opportunities on many markets. One of them is the printed fabric market where printing companies as well as clients benefit from new printing methods. This thesis focuses on the digital textile printing technology and its implementation for fabric-on-demand printing service in Finland. The purpose of this project was to study the technology behind digital textile printing, areas of application of this technology, the requirements ...

  11. Rapid Manufactured Textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Bingham, Guy; Hague, Richard; Tuck, Christopher John; Long, Andrew; Crookston, Jonathan Josiah; Sherburn, Martin

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Rapid Manufacturing (RM) is increasingly becoming a viable manufacturing process due to dramatic advantages that are achievable in the area of design complexity. Through the exploration of the design freedom afforded by RM, this paper introduces the concept and novel research area of RM textiles. The paper highlights the design and manufacturing possibilities applied to textiles when considering additive manufacturing techniques, the current limitations of conventional Com...

  12. The Textile Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendixen, Cecilie

    Textile has within the last decade increasingly been regarded as an architectural material. Many new textiles have been developed and this has increased its applications in architecture. But how do textile and space meet and which spatial qualities can arise in this meeting? The paper describes a series of practical studies of the spatial qualities that can be established through the design of three very different fabrics. The topic is part of an ongoing Ph.D. project at The Danish Design School in Copenhagen. The main theme of the Ph.D. is the inter-play between textile, space and sound. Space, established with textile, differs in several ways from rooms built of conventional building materials. Textiles are flexible - it can both be folded and moved, it can be translucent and simultaneously provide a visual barrier, it is lightweight and at the same time very strong, it is sound absorbing and it has a special poetry which is not to be found in any other material. Which spatial qualities can be obtained with these textile properties? Contemporary conception of space in architecture can be said still to rely on the modernist conception. In practical experiments it is investigated how the textiles can be given shape in relation to modernist theories of space conception. In these theories a number of specific parameters which determine the formation of space are defined. Some of these parameters are the creation of distance between objects, structuring of the space in relation to platonic solids, transparency of materials and dissolution of space boundaries.

  13. The women of the Maghreb.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghurayyib, R

    1992-01-01

    Women's status in Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia is briefly summarized. It is based on a pamphlet produced by the Women's Committee of the Center for Arab Studies for Development, Canada. In Algeria, women's status has been severely restricted by fundamentalism. The independence of 1963 brought with it fundamentalist conditions: mosques became places for political sermons and schools were filled with Islamic zealots. The Family Code of 1984 was imposed. It considered women minors for life, polygamy and divorce freely available for men, and threats to women's right to vote. In 1990, women's organizations in a large rally protested abolition of the 1984 law. The 1991 elections reflected the differences in opinions on women's issues and a 3rd party may be formed with democratic tendencies and support for the Women's Liberation Movement. Morocco also has an antidemocratic regime. 78% of women in 1982 were illiterate. Many work as domestics (56.5%) or in the textile (62%), agricultural, and industrial sectors. Little girls also work as apprentices in exchange for food and clothing. 100% of women are untrained while 100% of men are trained. Rural seasonal workers are ignored. Female employment rose in public services from 16% to 28% in 1989. 53% are engaged in menial occupations; 36% are teachers, secretaries, or nurses. Prostitution thrived when oil merchants invaded. Most women are divorced or widowed, and consequently must work for subsistence because the family code does not permit these women economic independence. In the 1970s men and women protested the royal family's codes. Tunisian women have a more privileged position, due in part to the support from the male feminist leader, Tahar El Haddad, who wrote a book espousing the right of divorce and equal rights in education, and condemning polygamy, sex segregation, and the veil. In 1956, the code changed and forced marriage and polygamy were prohibited. Implementation lags behind the law. Islamic law still gives women 50% of the males' inheritance. Constraints are an economic crisis due to decreased exports to Europe, the Gulf war which ended tourism, the opening of eastern European markets to western Europe, and fundamentalist pressure. It has been proposed that Islamic Shari'a be more progressively interpreted, and state laws be secularized. The Tahar el Haddad Club is a strong feminist group. PMID:12317570

  14. Nutritional Status Assessment of Tea Garden Women Workers (18-35 Years) In Darjeeling District From A View Point of Nutrition Parameters Hemoglobin Level and Disease Susceptibility : Impact of Nutritional Awareness

    OpenAIRE

    Prabir Kumar Manna; Debasis De; Debidas Ghosh

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The present study aimed for assessing the nutrition level on different physiological parameters and disease susceptibility of the adult tea garden women worker belong to poor economic group of Darjeeling district.Methods: The study was made on one hundred women (18-35 yrs) of Phansidewa block. The subjects were divided into control and experimental groups. Nutritional awareness was given to the experimental group for six month. Physiological parameters and disease susceptibility we...

  15. Las mujeres y los movimientos de defensa laboral entre México y Estados Unidos: un análisis de su influencia en comunidades no fronterizas / Women and Workers' Rights Movements between Mexico and the United States: An Analysis of their Influence on Non-Border Communities

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Eugenia de la O, Martínez.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde la década de los sesenta, cientos de fábricas ensambladoras se instalaron en la frontera norte de México con Estados Unidos. En la última década, miles de estas empresas conocidas como maquiladoras extendieron su presencia más allá de la frontera y se ubicaron en varias ciudades del país; lo q [...] ue expandió el área de acción de las organizaciones trasnacionales y nacionales de defensa laboral que habían actuado en la frontera. El propósito de este artículo es analizar la influencia de dichas formas de organización trasnacional y nacional de defensa laboral en comunidades alejadas de la frontera norte de México, lugar en donde se originaron las primeras formas de organización de defensa para las trabajadoras de la maquila, como lo ilustra el caso de las obreras de la empresa textil Kukdong -hoy Mexmode- en la ciudad de Atlixco, Puebla, al sur del país. Estas mujeres contaron con el apoyo de redes trasnacionales y nacionales de defensa laboral para mejorar sus condiciones de trabajo y conformar un sindicato independiente, lo que les permitió reconocer su potencial como gestoras de derechos laborales. Se parte del supuesto según el cual la participación política de las mujeres es indispensable en la construcción social de sus derechos laborales y que la presencia de organizaciones no gubernamentales ha sido un paso definitivo para generar su acción. Para ello se analiza el conflicto de la planta Kukdong mediante revisión hemerográfica, documentos internos de organizaciones y foros en los que participaron las mujeres. En un primer momento fue clara la importancia de las ONG, pero, al paso del tiempo, las mujeres tuvieron que enfrentar la ausencia de estas organizaciones en la continuación de sus luchas. Lo que muestra los límites de este tipo de organizaciones en proyectos de organización política de mayor alcance. Abstract in english Since the decade of the 1960s, hundreds of assembling factories have been installed on Mexico's northern border with United States. In the last decade, thousands of these businesses known as bonded assembly plants extended their presence beyond the border and they were located in several cities of t [...] he country (De la O, 2002), which expanded the area of action of both national and transnational organizations of labor defense that had acted along the border. The purpose of this article is to analyze the influence of these forms of national and transnational labor defense organization in communities located far away from the northern border of Mexico (where the first defense organizations for maquiladora workers originated) as illustrated by of the case of female workers at the Kukdong -today Mexmode- textile company in the city of Atlixco, Puebla in the south of the country. These women enjoyed the support of national and transnational networks of labor defense to improve their working conditions and to create an independent union, which permitted them to recognize their potential as managers of labor rights. It is assumed that the political participation of women is indispensable in the social construction of their labor rights and that the presence of NGOs has been a definitive step in generating their action. It discusses the conflict in the Kukdong plant by review of library records, internal documents of organizations and forums in which women participated. At first, the importance of NGOs was clear, but, over time, women had to cope with the absence of these organizations in continuing their struggles. This shows the boundaries of such organizations in more far-reaching projects of political organization.

  16. Prevalência da dor orofacial e seu impacto no desempenho diário em trabalhadores das indústrias têxteis do município de Laguna, SC / Prevalence of orofacial pain and its impact on the oral health-related quality of life of textile industries workers of Laguna, SC, Brazil

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Josimari Telino de, Lacerda; Juliana Demétrio, Ribeiro; Dayane Machado, Ribeiro; Jefferson, Traebert.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Foram examinadas as tendências em saúde da população idosa brasileira utilizando-se dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (1998-2008). O estudo incluiu uma amostra probabilística de 105.254 pessoas com > 60 anos de idade. A média da idade foi de 69 anos e 56% eram mulheres. Houve um a [...] umento gradativo da boa autoavaliação da saúde (39,3%, 43,5% e 45,0% em 1998, 2003 e 2008, respectivamente) e uma diminuição na prevalência de artrite, doença do coração e depressão autorreferidas. A prevalência da hipertensão (43.9%, 48.8% e 53.3%, respectivamente) e do diabetes autorreferidos (10.3%, 13.0% e 16.1% respectivamente) aumentou acentuadamente. A prevalência da incapacidade para realizar atividades da vida diária (alimentar-se, tomar banho ou ir ao banheiro) permaneceu estável (6.5%, 6.4% e 6.9%, respectivamente). A realização de três ou mais consultas médicas nos 12 meses precedentes aumentou 21% entre 1998 e 2008. As hospitalizações diminuíram 10% no mesmo período. Essas tendências foram independentes do sexo e da idade. Os resultados mostram melhora em algumas dimensões da saúde dos idosos, mas não em todas. As mudanças no uso de serviços de saúde ocorreram como esperado em decorrência da expansão das atividades de atenção primária no Brasil. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of orofacial pain and its impact on the daily performance of workers in the textile industry in the municipality of Laguna, Brazil. A cross-sectional study involving all workers (n= 267) of the five textile industries of the municipality in 2004 [...] was conducted. Data were obtained through the questionnaire proposed by Locker and Gruska to measure the Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP) indicator. Socio-demographic data such as gender, age, level of schooling, income, job function and absenteeism due to orofacial pain was collected. Data were descriptively analyzed and the prevalence ratios, confidence intervals and unconditional multiple logistic regression were calculated. The prevalence of orofacial pain was 32.2% and the oral impact on daily performance was 28.5%. The regression model indicated that orofacial pain was the only variable statistically associated with the oral impact on daily performance, increasing its prevalence by more than 22 times, compared to those without orofacial pain. It was concluded that the prevalence of orofacial pain was high among workers, representing a decisive factor on the oral impact on daily performance.

  17. Prevalência da dor orofacial e seu impacto no desempenho diário em trabalhadores das indústrias têxteis do município de Laguna, SC Prevalence of orofacial pain and its impact on the oral health-related quality of life of textile industries workers of Laguna, SC, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josimari Telino de Lacerda

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Foram examinadas as tendências em saúde da população idosa brasileira utilizando-se dados da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (1998-2008. O estudo incluiu uma amostra probabilística de 105.254 pessoas com > 60 anos de idade. A média da idade foi de 69 anos e 56% eram mulheres. Houve um aumento gradativo da boa autoavaliação da saúde (39,3%, 43,5% e 45,0% em 1998, 2003 e 2008, respectivamente e uma diminuição na prevalência de artrite, doença do coração e depressão autorreferidas. A prevalência da hipertensão (43.9%, 48.8% e 53.3%, respectivamente e do diabetes autorreferidos (10.3%, 13.0% e 16.1% respectivamente aumentou acentuadamente. A prevalência da incapacidade para realizar atividades da vida diária (alimentar-se, tomar banho ou ir ao banheiro permaneceu estável (6.5%, 6.4% e 6.9%, respectivamente. A realização de três ou mais consultas médicas nos 12 meses precedentes aumentou 21% entre 1998 e 2008. As hospitalizações diminuíram 10% no mesmo período. Essas tendências foram independentes do sexo e da idade. Os resultados mostram melhora em algumas dimensões da saúde dos idosos, mas não em todas. As mudanças no uso de serviços de saúde ocorreram como esperado em decorrência da expansão das atividades de atenção primária no Brasil.The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of orofacial pain and its impact on the daily performance of workers in the textile industry in the municipality of Laguna, Brazil. A cross-sectional study involving all workers (n= 267 of the five textile industries of the municipality in 2004 was conducted. Data were obtained through the questionnaire proposed by Locker and Gruska to measure the Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP indicator. Socio-demographic data such as gender, age, level of schooling, income, job function and absenteeism due to orofacial pain was collected. Data were descriptively analyzed and the prevalence ratios, confidence intervals and unconditional multiple logistic regression were calculated. The prevalence of orofacial pain was 32.2% and the oral impact on daily performance was 28.5%. The regression model indicated that orofacial pain was the only variable statistically associated with the oral impact on daily performance, increasing its prevalence by more than 22 times, compared to those without orofacial pain. It was concluded that the prevalence of orofacial pain was high among workers, representing a decisive factor on the oral impact on daily performance.

  18. Creating a New Textiles Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallman, Dan T.

    1983-01-01

    Local textile firms have worked with the Chester County Career Center in South Carolina to attract students to textile training, modernize equipment, and develop effective, industry-based training. (SK)

  19. Prevalence of byssinosis in textile mills at Ahmedabad, India.

    OpenAIRE

    Parikh, J. R.; Bhagia, L. J.; Majumdar, P. K.; Shah, A. R.; Kashyap, S. K.

    1989-01-01

    In an epidemiological study carried out in three textile mills at Ahmedabad, India, 929 workers were examined from the spinning departments. The mean prevalence of byssinosis in the blow section was 29.62%, whereas in the card section it was 37.83%. The concentrations of cotton dust (dust less fly) were high in the blow and card sections (4.00 mg/m3 in the blow and 3.06 mg/m3 in the card section). This study suggests that the prevalence of byssinosis is not low in the textile mills of India a...

  20. A amamentação entre filhos de mulheres trabalhadoras / Breastfeeding among children of women workers / El amamantamiento entre hijos de mujeres trabajadoras

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Aline Alves, Brasileiro; Gláucia Maria Bovi, Ambrosano; Sérgio Tadeu Martins, Marba; Rosana de Fátima, Possobon.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar benefícios trabalhistas e fatores associados à manutenção dos índices de amamentação entre mães trabalhadoras. MÉTODOS: A amostra foi constituída por 200 mulheres trabalhadoras formais que retornaram ao trabalho antes de a criança completar seis meses de vida, no município de Pira [...] cicaba, SP. Dentre as participantes, 100 díades mãe-lactente receberam orientações e apoio para a prática do aleitamento em um programa de prevenção em saúde bucal e as demais 100 díades foram abordadas em uma campanha de vacinação infantil. Foi realizada análise de regressão logística múltipla para identificar variáveis relacionadas ao desmame ao quarto mês de vida. RESULTADOS: A maior parte das participantes era primípara, passou por cesariana, iniciou a amamentação em menos de quatro horas após o parto e permaneceu com seu filho em alojamento conjunto. Tiveram mais chance de parar a amamentação: mães não participantes do programa de incentivo (OR = 3,04 [IC95% 1,35;6,85]), mães que não tinham intervalo de 30 minutos durante a jornada de trabalho (OR = 4,10 [IC95% 1,81;9,26]) e mães cujos filhos utilizavam chupeta (OR = 2,68 [IC95% 1,23;5,83]) ou mamadeira (OR =14,47 [IC95% 1,85;113,24]. CONCLUSÕES: As mães que participaram do grupo de incentivo à amamentação, não ofereceram chupeta e mamadeira aos filhos e tinham intervalo durante o trabalho pararam a amamentação após o quarto mês. Apoio, informações sobre o manejo da lactação e sobre seus direitos garantidos por lei, em conjunto com a ampliação do tempo de licença maternidade, poderão ter um importante papel na manutenção da prática do aleitamento materno. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Analizar beneficios laboristas y factores asociados al mantenimiento de los índices de amamantamiento entre madres trabajadoras. MÉTODOS: La muestra fue constituida por 200 mujeres trabajadoras formales que retornaron al trabajo antes del niño completar seis meses de vida, en el municipio [...] de Piracicaba, SP. Entre las participantes, 100 dúos madre-lactante recibieron orientaciones y apoyo para la práctica de la lactancia en un programa de prevención en salud bucal y los otros 100 dúos fueron abordados en una campaña de vacunación infantil. Se realizó análisis de regresión logística múltiple para identificar variables relacionadas al destete al cuarto mes de vida. RESULTADOS: La mayor parte de las participantes era primípara, pasó por cesárea, inició el amamantamiento en menos de cuatro horas posterior al parto y permaneció con su hijo en alojamiento conjunto. Tuvieron mayor probabilidad de parar el amamantamiento: madres no participantes del programa de incentivo (OR= 3,04 [IC95% 1,35;6,85]), madres que no tenían intervalo de 30 minutos durante la jornada laboral (OR= 4,10 [IC95% 1,81;9,26]) y madres cuyos hijos utilizaban chupete (OR= 2,68 [IC95% 1,23;5,83]) o tetero (OR= 14,47 [IC95% 1,85;113,24]). CONCLUSIONES: Las madres que participaron en el grupo de incentivo de la lactancia, no ofrecieron chupete y tetero a los hijos y tenían intervalo durante el trabajo pararon el amamantamiento posterior al cuarto mes. Apoyo, informaciones sobre el manejo de la lactancia y sobre sus derechos garantizados por ley, en conjunto con la ampliación del tiempo de licencia maternidad, podrán tener un papel importante en el mantenimiento de la práctica de la lactancia materna. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To analyze employment benefits and factors associated with the maintenance of breastfeeding indexes among working mothers. METHODS: The sample was constituted by 200 formal women workers who returned to work before the child had reached six months of life, in the city of Piracicaba (South [...] eastern Brazil). Among the participants, 100 mother-infant dyads received guidance and support for the practice of breastfeeding within an oral health prevention program, and the other 100 dyads were addressed in a child vaccination campaign. Multiple logistic regression analysis was carried out to

  1. A amamentação entre filhos de mulheres trabalhadoras El amamantamiento entre hijos de mujeres trabajadoras Breastfeeding among children of women workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Alves Brasileiro

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar benefícios trabalhistas e fatores associados à manutenção dos índices de amamentação entre mães trabalhadoras. MÉTODOS: A amostra foi constituída por 200 mulheres trabalhadoras formais que retornaram ao trabalho antes de a criança completar seis meses de vida, no município de Piracicaba, SP. Dentre as participantes, 100 díades mãe-lactente receberam orientações e apoio para a prática do aleitamento em um programa de prevenção em saúde bucal e as demais 100 díades foram abordadas em uma campanha de vacinação infantil. Foi realizada análise de regressão logística múltipla para identificar variáveis relacionadas ao desmame ao quarto mês de vida. RESULTADOS: A maior parte das participantes era primípara, passou por cesariana, iniciou a amamentação em menos de quatro horas após o parto e permaneceu com seu filho em alojamento conjunto. Tiveram mais chance de parar a amamentação: mães não participantes do programa de incentivo (OR = 3,04 [IC95% 1,35;6,85], mães que não tinham intervalo de 30 minutos durante a jornada de trabalho (OR = 4,10 [IC95% 1,81;9,26] e mães cujos filhos utilizavam chupeta (OR = 2,68 [IC95% 1,23;5,83] ou mamadeira (OR =14,47 [IC95% 1,85;113,24]. CONCLUSÕES: As mães que participaram do grupo de incentivo à amamentação, não ofereceram chupeta e mamadeira aos filhos e tinham intervalo durante o trabalho pararam a amamentação após o quarto mês. Apoio, informações sobre o manejo da lactação e sobre seus direitos garantidos por lei, em conjunto com a ampliação do tempo de licença maternidade, poderão ter um importante papel na manutenção da prática do aleitamento materno.OBJETIVO: Analizar beneficios laboristas y factores asociados al mantenimiento de los índices de amamantamiento entre madres trabajadoras. MÉTODOS: La muestra fue constituida por 200 mujeres trabajadoras formales que retornaron al trabajo antes del niño completar seis meses de vida, en el municipio de Piracicaba, SP. Entre las participantes, 100 dúos madre-lactante recibieron orientaciones y apoyo para la práctica de la lactancia en un programa de prevención en salud bucal y los otros 100 dúos fueron abordados en una campaña de vacunación infantil. Se realizó análisis de regresión logística múltiple para identificar variables relacionadas al destete al cuarto mes de vida. RESULTADOS: La mayor parte de las participantes era primípara, pasó por cesárea, inició el amamantamiento en menos de cuatro horas posterior al parto y permaneció con su hijo en alojamiento conjunto. Tuvieron mayor probabilidad de parar el amamantamiento: madres no participantes del programa de incentivo (OR= 3,04 [IC95% 1,35;6,85], madres que no tenían intervalo de 30 minutos durante la jornada laboral (OR= 4,10 [IC95% 1,81;9,26] y madres cuyos hijos utilizaban chupete (OR= 2,68 [IC95% 1,23;5,83] o tetero (OR= 14,47 [IC95% 1,85;113,24]. CONCLUSIONES: Las madres que participaron en el grupo de incentivo de la lactancia, no ofrecieron chupete y tetero a los hijos y tenían intervalo durante el trabajo pararon el amamantamiento posterior al cuarto mes. Apoyo, informaciones sobre el manejo de la lactancia y sobre sus derechos garantizados por ley, en conjunto con la ampliación del tiempo de licencia maternidad, podrán tener un papel importante en el mantenimiento de la práctica de la lactancia materna.OBJECTIVE: To analyze employment benefits and factors associated with the maintenance of breastfeeding indexes among working mothers. METHODS: The sample was constituted by 200 formal women workers who returned to work before the child had reached six months of life, in the city of Piracicaba (Southeastern Brazil. Among the participants, 100 mother-infant dyads received guidance and support for the practice of breastfeeding within an oral health prevention program, and the other 100 dyads were addressed in a child vaccination campaign. Multiple logistic regression analysis was carried out to identify variables related to weaning in the fourth month of life. RES

  2. Mujer Mas Segura (Safer Women: a combination prevention intervention to reduce sexual and injection risks among female sex workers who inject drugs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Alicia

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs are at risk of acquiring HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STI and blood-borne infections through unprotected sex and sharing injection equipment. We conducted a 2×2 factorial randomized controlled trial to evaluate combination interventions to simultaneously reduce sexual and injection risks among FSW-IDUs in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. Methods/design FSW-IDUs ?18 years reporting sharing injection equipment and unprotected sex with clients within the last month were randomized to one of four conditions based on an a priori randomization schedule, blinding interviewer/counselors to assignment. Due to the extreme vulnerability of this population, we did not include a control group that would deny some women access to preventive information. All women received similar information regardless of group allocation; the difference was in the way the information was delivered and the extent to which women had an interactive role. Each condition was a single 60-minute session, including either an interactive or didactic version of an injection risk intervention and sexual risk intervention. Women underwent interviewer-administered surveys and testing for HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and Trichomonas at baseline and quarterly for 12 months. Combined HIV/STI incidence will be the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes are proportionate reductions in sharing of injection equipment and unprotected sex with clients. Discussion Of 1,132 women, 548 (48.4% were excluded (88.9% were ineligible; 11.1% refused to participate or did not return; 584 eligible women enrolled (284 in Tijuana; 300 in Ciudad Juarez. All 584 participants completed the baseline interview, provided biological samples and were randomized to one of the four groups. During follow-up, 17 participants (2.9% were lost to follow-up, of whom 10 (58.8% had died, leaving 567 participants for analysis. This study appears to be the first intervention to attempt to simultaneously reduce injection and sexual risk behaviors among FSW-IDUs. The factorial design will permit analysis to determine whether the combination of the two interactive interventions and/or its respective components are effective in reducing injection and/or sexual risks, which will have direct, tangible policy implications for Mexico and potentially other resource-poor countries. Trial registration NCT00840658

  3. Superhydrophobic antibacterial cotton textiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shateri Khalil-Abad, Mohammad; Yazdanshenas, Mohammad E

    2010-11-01

    We present a facile and effective method to prepare superhydrophobic cotton textiles. Silver particles were produced on cotton fibers by treatment with aqueous KOH and AgNO(3), followed by reduction treatment with ascorbic acid in the presence of a polymeric steric stabilizer to generate a dual-size surface roughness. Further modification of the particle-containing cotton textiles with octyltriethoxysilane led to hydrophobic surfaces. Surfaces prepared showed a sticky property, which exhibits a static water contact angle of 151 degrees for a 10 microL droplet that water drop did not slid off even when the sample was held upside down. The modified cotton has potent antibacterial activity toward both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The Ag particles were uniformly and stably distributed on the substrate surface and killed bacteria. These modified cotton textiles are potentially useful; as superhydrophobic antibacterial fabrics in a wide variety of biomedical and general use applications. PMID:20709327

  4. Superoleophobic cotton textiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leng, Boxun; Shao, Zhengzhong; de With, Gijsbertus; Ming, Weihua

    2009-02-17

    Common cotton textiles are hydrophilic and oleophilic in nature. Superhydrophobic cotton textiles have the potential to be used as self-cleaning fabrics, but they typically are not super oil-repellent. Poor oil repellency may easily compromise the self-cleaning property of these fabrics. Here, we report on the preparation of superoleophobic cotton textiles based on a multilength-scale structure, as demonstrated by a high hexadecane contact angle (153 degrees for 5 microL droplets) and low roll-off angle (9 degrees for 20 microL droplets). The multilength-scale roughness was based on the woven structure, with additional two layers of silica particles (microparticles and nanoparticles, respectively) covalently bonded to the fiber. Superoleophobicity was successfully obtained by incorporating perfluoroalkyl groups onto the surface of the modified cotton. It proved to be essential to add the nanoparticle layer in achieving superoleophobicity, especially in terms of low roll-off angles for hexadecane. PMID:19199744

  5. Windham Textile & History Museum & Visitors Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    The website of the Mill Museum of Connecticut states that it "preserves and interprets the history of textiles, textile arts and the textile industry, with special emphasis on the experiences of the craftspeople, industrial workers, manufacturers, inventors, designers, and consumers." The Museum has permanent and temporary exhibits online, which consist primarily of photos. The "Temporary Exhibits" link will take visitors to several slideshows of "Past Exhibits." Visitors should not miss the "Treasures" past exhibit, with its gorgeous quilts and weavings. There is a weaving with the faces and dates of the presidents of the U.S. up to the mid 1800s, as well as a gorgeous crazy quilt that features appliqued stars and a moon in the middle of it. The "Permanent Exhibits" has a number of photos of mills, inside and out, as well as a PDF exhibit catalog, entitled "Sewing Revolution: The Machine that Changed the World." It features pictures and machine details of more than 75 antique sewing machines from the museum's collection.

  6. Radiation Modification of Textiles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of ionizing radiation to textile finishing operations has become a commercial reality. Electron accelerators are currently being used in a process which imparts durable press, stain-releasing properties to a polyester-cotton blend fabric (Deering-Milliken Co., USA). There are other textile and chemical companies which have announced laboratory or pilot plant development of radiation-textile finishing processes. During the past ten years there has also been a tremendous number of research publications on radiation initiated reactions in fibres or fibre-monomer systems. This paper first briefly reviews the principles of radiation modification of textiles. The important molecular factors controlling such processes and their interaction will be considered. These factors include the G-values for radical formation, local propagation, transfer and termination rate constants, local monomer concentration and its coefficient of diffusion within the polymer matrix, radiation dose rate, temperature, and the presence of non-reactive (e.g. solvent) species. Economic factors will also be considered. Following this there is a review;of the most pertinent recent published work in this field, including the patent literature. This survey will be broken into two parts: bulk effects and surface effects. Emphasis will be placed on durable press and stain release properties. The chemistry of durable press and its application within the field of radiation chemistry will be covered. The principles of surface chemistry will then be discussed, as they relate to important wetting phenomena in textile fibres and fabrics. Data will be presented from a series of studies which the author has been conducting on the radiation modification of surface wettability of textile materials. (author)

  7. Textile technology development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Bharat M.

    1995-01-01

    The objectives of this report were to evaluate and select resin systems for Resin Transfer Molding (RTM) and Powder Towpreg Material, to develop and evaluate advanced textile processes by comparing 2-D and 3-D braiding for fuselage frame applications and develop window belt and side panel structural design concepts, to evaluate textile material properties, and to develop low cost manufacturing and tooling processes for the automated manufacturing of fuselage primary structures. This research was in support of the NASA and Langley Research Center (LaRc) Advanced Composite Structural Concepts and Materials Technologies for Primary Aircraft Structures program.

  8. Learning with a Website for the Textile Industry in Botswana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mbambo, Buhle; Cronje, Johannes C.

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on a locally initiated investigation into the suitability of the Internet in helping to meet the information needs of women in small, medium, and micro enterprises (SMMEs) in the textile industry in Botswana. The background is the stated government policy to encourage the development of SMMEs and the Internet infrastructure. The…

  9. Comparação da percepção de fadiga e de capacidade para o trabalho entre trabalhadores têxteis de empresas que se encontram em diferentes estágios de responsabilidade social empresarial no estado de São Paulo, Brasil / Comparison of fatigue and workability among textile workers of companies in different stages of corporate social responsibility in the state of São Paulo, Brazil

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ricardo Jorge, Metzner; Frida Marina, Fischer; Diogo Pupo, Nogueira.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Comparar as características demográficas e as percepções da capacidade para o trabalho, fadiga e condições de trabalho entre trabalhadores de indústrias têxteis que estejam em diferentes estágios de responsabilidade social empresarial (RSE). MÉTODOS: Em estudo transversal, 126 trabalhador [...] es de três empresas e cinco fábricas responderam a questionário de caracterização demográfica, condições e estilos de vida, a autoavaliações sobre fadiga, condições de trabalho e capacidade para o trabalho. As empresas foram classificadas em dois grupos de pontuação de indicadores de RSE (o grupo um de menor pontuação e o grupo dois de maior pontuação), com base nas respostas dadas em questionário específico. RESULTADOS: Não foram encontradas diferenças (p > 0,05) nos resultados de capacidade para o trabalho, fadiga e na maior parte dos dados demográficos obtidos entre os trabalhadores dos dois grupos. As melhores condições de trabalho, no grupo de maior pontuação (p = 0,008), deveram-se principalmente ao fornecimento de refeições nas fábricas. CONCLUSÕES: O desenvolvimento e a implementação de projetos de RSE não implicam, necessariamente, em melhores condições de trabalho ou em percepções dos trabalhadores de menor fadiga ou maior capacidade para o trabalho, em relação a empresas que não dispõem desses projetos. Por tratar-se de estudo transversal com população reduzida e como a capacidade para o trabalho pode diminuir com o envelhecimento do trabalhador novos estudos, preferencialmente longitudinais, deverão ser realizados, com populações maiores. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To compare demographic data and perception of workability, fatigue and working conditions among groups of workers of textile industries in different stages of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). RATIONAL: Cross-sectional study with 126 workers of 5 textile plants and 3 companies, they [...] were asked to fill out a questionnaire to evaluate demographic, living conditions and life styles as well as fatigue, working conditions and workability index. Companies were classified based on a specific evaluation, according to their CSR scores, in 2 CSR score groups (group 1 with lower CSR scores and group 2 with higher CSR scores) RESULTS: No significant differences (p

  10. Noise pollution in textile, printing and publishing industries in Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noweir, Madbuli H; Jamil, A T M

    2003-03-01

    A study of 20 factories belonging to textile, printing, publishing and paper products industries in Jeddah was conducted. Data on Leq, Maximum and Minimum SPL at different octave bands, as well as dBA, were collected. It has been found that textile, publishing and paper products industries are the most noisy industries. The paper is concluded with suitable recommendation for noise control and worker protection. PMID:12666724

  11. Learning with a website for the textile industry in Botswana

    OpenAIRE

    Mbambo, Buhle; Cronje, Johannes C.

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on a locally initiated investigation into the suitability of the Internet in helping to meet the information needs of women in small, medium, and micro enterprises (SMMEs) in the textile industry in Botswana. The background is the stated government policy to encourage the development of SMMEs and the Internet infrastructure. The question is, how likely are women entrepreneurs to use a website as a resource? We considered two barriers to the use of technology by ...

  12. Training in Textiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Training Officer, 1975

    1975-01-01

    The article describes the training program for the Crimpfil company where the majority of the 450 employees had previously no contact with the textile industry. The training department was involved in interviewing and selection and encouraged promotion through technical supervisory, and management grades. The company achieved the Levy Exemption…

  13. Textile Flame Retardant Review

    OpenAIRE

    Hongkun SunZhang; Guoliang Sun

    2009-01-01

    This article discuss know clearly the dominant species of flame retardant, flame retardant mechanism and flame checking technology combine gave an outline of the testing method of flame retardant effect, lodge set look into highly active, low mammalian toxicity, low fume burst size, multifunctional flame retardant textile, it is our struggling heading.

  14. Textile Flame Retardant Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongkun SunZhang

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available This article discuss know clearly the dominant species of flame retardant, flame retardant mechanism and flame checking technology combine gave an outline of the testing method of flame retardant effect, lodge set look into highly active, low mammalian toxicity, low fume burst size, multifunctional flame retardant textile, it is our struggling heading.

  15. Lover, mother or worker : women's multiple roles and the HIV/AIDS and reproductive health agenda in Tanzania

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Richey, Lisa Ann

    2005-01-01

    International and national campaigns to prevent HIV/AIDS and efforts to promote reproductive health remain separate in terms of conceptualisation and implementation. Local negotiations around reproductive health issues similarly seem to lack explicit attention to HIV/AIDS. This paper argues that even in reproductive health clinics a gap exists between the extent of knowledge of HIV/AIDS and AIDS talk. There also appears to be a mismatch between collective knowledge of the behavioural and biomedical context of HIV/AIDS and the socio-economic context of AIDS as a lived experience. Using an ethnographic account, I explore how one woman's lived experience and her knowledge of AIDS can teach us to take HIV/AIDS into account when theorising, promoting or providing services for improving African women's reproductive health. The background for this ethnography comes from data collected during 25 months of fieldwork at 10 maternal and child health/family planning (MCH/FP) clinic sites in the Morogoro, Ruvuma and Kilimanjaro regions of Tanzania. Rehema's story shows that AIDS, like other diseases, is significantly linked to host-susceptibility and economic vulnerability. Separate and competing vertical programmes on AIDS and MCH/FP, as commonly encountered throughout Africa, cannot meet the needs of women in countries like Tanzania. Yet, we still hear most often of abstinence, anti-retrovirals and condom use as the primary focus of HIV/AIDS prevention and intervention in Africa.

  16. Mulheres, migrantes, trabalhadoras: a segregação no mercado de trabalho / Women, migrants, workers: segregation in the labor market

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Delia, Dutra.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho, ancorado em uma pesquisa desenvolvida no âmbito do Centro Scalabriniano de Estudos Migratórios, analisa a experiência vivida por mulheres migrantes em diversos países centrando a reflexão na dimensão do trabalho no contexto do processo migratório internacional. Tomando como pont [...] o de partida a perspectiva das próprias protagonistas - paraguaias no Brasil, brasileiras nos Estados Unidos, haitianas na República Dominicana, colombianas no Equador, filipinas na Itália e nicaraguenses na Costa Rica -, busca-se identificar dificuldades enfrentadas no que refere à vida profissional dessas mulheres. Parte-se do entendimento de que a migração pode ser vista como uma alternativa para escapar de situações de pobreza e exclusão do mercado de trabalho no país de origem. A pesquisa aponta a existência de segregação no mercado de trabalho. Abstract in english The present work, anchored on a research developed at CSEM, analyzes the lived experience of migrant women in several countries, focusing on the labor dimension in the context of the international migration process. Taking as a starting point the perspective of the protagonists themselves - Paraguay [...] ans in Brazil, Brazilians in the United States, Haitians in the Dominican Republic, Colombians in Ecuador, Filipinas in Italy, and Nicaraguans in Costa Rica -, the paper strives to identify difficulties related to the professional lives of these women. It is assumed that migration can be seen as an alternative to escape situations of poverty and exclusion in the labor market in their country of origin. The research indicates the existence of segregation in the labor market.

  17. Opening Doors for the Displaced Worker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Martha Norris

    2000-01-01

    Describes the many benefits now available to laid-off and displaced textile and apparel-related workers through the North American Free Trade Agreement's Transitional Adjustment Allowance (NAFTA-TAA), which allows them to attend college for the first time. Examines the effectiveness of the TAA program and concludes that there is room for "cautious…

  18. Textile materials with bioactive protection

    OpenAIRE

    Isella, Francesca; Rosace, Giuseppe; Giovannoni, Gianluigi; Donelli, Ilaria; Alberti Fusi, Gabriella; Cittadini, Cesare; Freddi, Giuliano

    2012-01-01

    The present invention relates to textiles endowed with bioactive protection against air or water borne toxic chemicals such as pesticides, nerve agents, phenols, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, etc. More specifically, the object of the invention is a textile material carrying immobilized biocatalysts able to actively degrade toxic chemicals adsorbed onto it. The textile material of the invention can be used to manufacture bioactive interlining element of protective garments or it may, but n...

  19. Textile ecology at home economy

    OpenAIRE

    Novak, Anja

    2012-01-01

    Offer of textiles and clothes greatly exceeds its needs. In the area of textile and clothes industry consumerism is highly developed. On the other hand, environmental awareness is strengthening whereas the current economic crisis is demanding more responsible shopping. Media such as television, newspapers and commercials give us information about numerous new detergents that are supposedly better than the existing ones. In shops we can find more and more textiles and clothes having labels ECO...

  20. Nanotechnology in Textiles Finishment

    OpenAIRE

    Dongxue Liu; Weiguo Dong

    2009-01-01

    The ways of using the nanometer material to give the textile fabric some function is listed and compared in this article. In the early research, first the nanometer material preparation is alone carries on. And then using this to make the finishing agent. Finally put the agent on the fabric by finishment. At present, people combine the preparation of nanometer material and finishing agent together, and then cover this on fabric through the normal finishment. Recentlly research the trend is to...

  1. Fixed textile shutters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.A. Chernova

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the main socio-economic problems in Russia is the high cost and the poor condition of housing.Such goals as cost reduction, reducing installation time and increasing the service life of structures are accomplishing by creating new technologies of erecting buildings and developing ways ofquickconstruction, using different types of fixed formwork. One of themis textstone.Textstone is an artificial construction stone, containing on the outer surface the reinforcing fine-mesh shell with multifunctional properties, formed by the interwoven threads of a vigorous fixed formwork textile material (basalt, linen, silica and other glass yarns adhered by binding material. The innovative construction technology of production and installation of a new generation of textstone buildings has been registered as a brand TextStone. The fundamental difference between texstone and reinforced concrete and all known building materials is that the whole outer surface of solidified light binders is protected by strong, vigorous and fixed formwork made from inexpensive textile materials. Manufacturing textile shells allows using it as an internal finishing material, reducing or eliminating the cost of finishing work.The use of fixed textile construction shutters during the construction of buildings has obvious technical, economic, operational, sanitary and environmental benefits: short construction time (from 3 to 10 days, compact packaging and light weight of fabric shells, high fire resistance, frost resistance, ease of engineering services installation in the hollow communicating shells; minimal amount of finishing, roofing, heat and noise insulation works. Texstone is a durable solid monolithic construction that provides high viability and earthquakes, hurricanes wind, solar sultriness and frost resistance. Material complies with all sanitary and environmental requirements. Due to such physical, mechanical, operational, sanitary and ecological characteristics of the structure, long life and reduced assembly time textstone has great prospects for development and application in the future.

  2. Textiles gain intelligence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Gould

    2003-10-01

    The term ‘smart dresser’ could soon acquire a new meaning. An unlikely alliance between textile manufacturers, materials scientists, and computer engineers has resulted in some truly clever clothing1–4. From self-illuminating handbag interiors to a gym kit that monitors workout intensity, the prototypes just keep coming. But researchers have yet to answer the million-dollar question, perhaps critical to consumer acceptance, will they go in the wash?

  3. Respuesta sexual en mujeres de edad mediana trabajadoras de la salud / Sexual response in mean age health workers women

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yaquelín, González Ricardo; Taira, Maceo Coello; Daysi Antonia, Navarro Despaigne; Emma, Domínguez Alonso.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la incorporación al trabajo insertado y el escenario laboral son factores sociales implicados en la función sexual de la mujer en etapa reproductiva, sin embargo, sus significados no están bien establecidos en la mujer en etapa de climaterio. Objetivo: identificar algunos aspectos rela [...] tivos a la respuesta sexual en mujeres de edad mediana que laboran en centros de salud de Ciudad de la Habana. Métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal que consistió en entrevistar a las 59 mujeres de edad mediana que respondieron a la convocatoria de participar en el estudio, todas trabajadoras de 2 centros asistenciales del sector salud del municipio San Miguel del Padrón, en Ciudad de La Habana, y todas con edades entre 38 y 59 años y con pareja sexual estable. Se empleó una encuesta autoadministrada para explorar aspectos sociodemográficos, y cambios en la respuesta sexual (deseo, excitación y orgasmo) en los últimos 6 meses. Como variables a controlar se utilizaron: la edad actual, la etapa de climaterio, las características de las relaciones de pareja y la sobrecarga de género. Se emplearon estadígrafos descriptivos y ANOVA para establecer diferencias entre grupos (valor de p Abstract in english Introduction: to be incorporated into work and the working environment are social factors involved in sexual function of woman in reproductive stage, however, its meanings are not well established in the woman in climateric stage. Objective: our objective was to identify some features related to sex [...] ual response in mean age women working in health centers of Ciudad de La Habana. Methods: a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted to interview 59 mean age women participant in such study working in two assistance centers of health sector from the San Miguel del Padrón municipality in Ciudad de La Habana aged between 38 and 59 and with a stable sexual partner. A self-administered opinion poll was used to explore the sociodemographic features and the changes in sexual response (desire, excitation and orgasm) during the past months. The variables to be controlled were: present age, climateric stage, features of partner relationships and genre overload. Descriptive stadigraphs were used and ANOVA to establish differences among groups (value of p

  4. Physical tools for textile creativity and invention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heimdal, Elisabeth Jacobsen; Lenau, Torben Anker

    2010-01-01

    Two textile research projects (one completed and one ongoing) are described, where physical inspirational tools are developed and tested with the aim of stimulating textile creativity and invention, i.e. the use of textile materials in new kinds of products, thus bringing textiles into new contexts. The first research project (completed) concerns how textile designers use new responsive materials and technologies, whereas the second (ongoing) concerns how architects and design engineers can use textile materials. In both projects, the developed inspirational tool is tested through workshops with the mentioned stakeholders. In these workshops, new ways of disseminating the results from research in textiles and textile design are experimented with. The submitted contribution therefore mainly addresses the role of interdisciplinarity in textile design research as well as the impact of new materials and technologies on directions and approaches in textile design research. It presents one example of what textile design research is.

  5. Risk Points of Flame Retardant Textiles by Halogen and Halogen-Free Laminating Film

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoon Jeong Baek

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was to develop the flame retardant (FR protective clothing which had multifunction such anti-bacterial, UV cut, FR function with water repellent and water vapor permeable laminating textiles for industrial workers. First of all, the FR yarn and FR textiles were developed for this purpose. Second, the comparison analysis between the halogen laminating textiles and halogen-free laminating textiles were tested to figure out the eco-friendly laminating method. Third, the flame retardant ability was compared the halogen laminated textiles to halogen-free laminated textiles. LOI, UV protection ratio, antibiosis after 50 laundry test, water proof pressure, and moisture permeability of developed textiles were tested. GC-HR-TOF-MS was used for analysis of laminating film (halogen and halogen-free. 4.1 wt% TiO2 yarn showed antibacterial function (Pneumococcus & Staphylococcus aureus: 99.9%, UV Protection (UVA: 90.8, UVB: 92.1, and LOI (33.6. The chosen optimal compounding ratio for PU compound of HRF and HFFR were as followed: PU resin 58.3%, DMF (Dimethyl formamide, ? = 12.2 8.3%, MEK (Methylethylketone 8.3% and FR (flame retardants 25.0%. Binder for laminating should not be included over 10% of FRs because of adhesion between textiles and FR laminating film. There were detected phosphorus compounds in the textiles treated by halogenated type flame retardants and halogenated-free type flame retardants. There were not any detected harmful compounds from all textile samples.

  6. sector textil español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jos\\u00E9 Pla Barber

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available De la situación crítica que actualmente viven los denominados sectores manufactureros tradicionales surgen importantes interrogantes en torno a sus posibilidades de supervivencia. El objetivo de este artículo será analizar la nueva situación a la que se enfrentan las empresas de estos sectores para proponer posibles alternativas estratégicas que permitan hacer frente a esta situación adversa. Nuestra propuesta surge a partir de un estudio empírico realizado sobre una muestra de 201 empresas pertenecientes al sector textil; uno de los principales sectores afectado por las nuevas condiciones del entorno global

  7. Research of archaeological and historical textiles.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    B?ezinová, Helena; Bravermanová, M.

    Liberec : Technical University of Liberec, 2013. s. 22. ISBN 978-80-7372-989-9. [ Textile Science /8./. 23.09.2013-25.09.2013, Liberec] Institutional support: RVO:67985912 Keywords : archaeological textile s * historical textile s * textile technology Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  8. Profesionales de atención primaria de Madrid y violencia de pareja hacia la mujer en el año 2012 / Workers in Primary Health Care and Partner Violence Against Women

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Belén, Arredondo-Provecho; Manuel, Broco-Barredo; Teresa, Alcalá-Ponce de León; Araceli, Rivera-Álvarez; Isabel, Jiménez Trujillo; Carmen, Gallardo-Pino.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: La morbilidad asociada a la violencia de pareja hacia la mujer (VPHM) justifica que sus víctimas acudan reiteradamente a los centros de salud. La accesibilidad y continuidad asistencial hacen de la atención primaria (AP) el lugar idóneo para su detección y primer abordaje. Sin embargo, [...] los datos reflejan las dificultades de los/as profesionales para lograr este fin. El objetivo es analizar el nivel de conocimientos, opiniones, barreras organizativas percibidas y propuestas de mejora de los profesionales de AP. Método: Estudio transversal descriptivo realizado mediante una encuesta anónima y autoadministrada durante los meses de agosto y septiembre de 2010, dirigida a todos/as profesionales de AP del área 8 de Madrid. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de variables y la chi² para comparar las respuestas obtenidas. Resultados: Tasa de respuesta 170 (21,4%). 118 (70,7%) profesionales creen que este es un problema importante y 154 (91,7%) que habitualmente pasa desapercibido. 91 (55,2%) conocen las obligaciones legales que tienen cuando la detectan. 73 (51,8%) piensan que existen barreras organizativas. Entre ellas: presión asistencial 50(29%), fa de formación específica 40(23,5%), desconocimiento del procedimiento a seguir 20(11,8%) y de las competencias de cada profesional 12(7%). Conclusiones: El nivel de conocimientos medio para todas las categorías profesionales estudiadas, excepto para trabajo social que es alto. Los/as profesionales de AP consideran que la VPHM es un problema importante que pasa desapercibido. La mitad de ellos/as conocen las obligaciones legales que conlleva la detección. Existen barreras organizativas y estereotipos. Abstract in english Background: Morbidity associated to partner violence against women (PVAW) justify these patients repeated visits to Heh Services. Primary Care is the ideal place for detectión and first aid, due to its easy accesibility and continuated assistance. Nevertheless, numbers show important difficulties to [...] achieve this goal. Our aim is to find out the level of knowledge, opinions, awareness about organizacional barriers and improvement proposals suggested by the workers of primary care. Method: Cross-sectional descriptive study using an anonymous and voluntary survey during the months of August and September 2010, targeted to all professionals who perform their work in a Primary Care Area of Madrid. We made a descriptive analysis of variables and used chi² to compare the answers. Results: Answer rate is 170 (21.4%). There are stereotypes regarding battered woman and perpetrador. 118 (70.7%) professionals believe that this is a major problem and 154 (91.7%) that usually goes unnoticed. 91 (55.2%) know their legal commitments. 73 (51.8%) think that there are organizational barriers, among them: the burden of care 50(29%), lack of specific training 40(23.5), lack of knowledge about the procedure to be followed 20(11.8%) and about the professional responsabilities 12 (7%). Conclusions: All profesional categoríes showed an average level of knowledge, except for social workers that was high. Primary Care workers think that PVAW is an important issue that usually goes unnoticed. Half of them know the legal commitments o detección. There are organizacional barriers and stereotypes.

  9. Competition, group identity, and social networks in the workplace: Evidence from a Chinese textile firm

    OpenAIRE

    Kato, Takao; Shu, Pian

    2011-01-01

    Using data on team assignment and weekly output for all weavers in an urban Chinese textile firm between April 2003 and March 2004, this paper studies a) how randomly assigned teammates affect an individual worker's behavior under a tournament-style incentive scheme, and b) how such effects interact with exogenously formed social networks in the manufacturing workplace. First, we find that a worker's performance improves when the average ability of her teammates increases. Second, we exploit ...

  10. Doubly periodic textile patterns

    CERN Document Server

    Morton, H R

    2008-01-01

    Knitted and woven textile structures are examples of doubly periodic structures in a thickened plane made out of intertwining strands of yarn. Factoring out the group of translation symmetries of such a structure gives rise to a link diagram in a thickened torus. Such a diagram on a standard torus is converted into a classical link by including two auxiliary components which form the cores of the complementary solid tori. The resulting link, called a kernel for the structure, is determined by a choice of generators u and v for the group of symmetries. A normalised form of the multi-variable Alexander polynomial of a kernel is used to provide polynomial invariants of the original structure which are essentially independent of the choice of generators. It gives immediate information about the existence of closed curves and other topological features in the original textile structure. Because of its natural algebraic properties under coverings we can recover the polynomial for kernels based on a proper subgroup ...

  11. Textiles of the Phu Thai of Laos

    OpenAIRE

    Mcintosh, Linda Susan

    2009-01-01

    This thesis documents the hand-woven textiles that the Phu Thai ethnic group living in Savannakhet Province, Laos, produce. The various stages of textile production and the uses of textiles in Phu Thai society, especially as identity markers, are also examined. Textiles of neighboring groups are also investigated to how knowledge of textile technology, types, and aesthetics are transferred between the Phu Thai and other ethnicities, specifically the Lao and Katang. The study's field research ...

  12. Prevention of waste from textile in Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Shenxun, Yuan

    2012-01-01

    With the population growing gradually and economy booming in the world, the need of textile product accordingly increases rapidly, which results in the big generation of textile waste. The disposal of textile waste brings in many adverse effects on environment, such as the landfill occupation. The production of textile product itself also causes much environmental concerning. In order to cope with the increasing textile waste and reduce the pressure of waste management, waste prevention is pr...

  13. New textile composite materials development, production, application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhailov, Petr Y.

    1993-01-01

    New textile composite materials development, production, and application are discussed. Topics covered include: super-high-strength, super-high-modulus fibers, filaments, and materials manufactured on their basis; heat-resistant and nonflammable fibers, filaments, and textile fabrics; fibers and textile fabrics based on fluorocarbon poylmers; antifriction textile fabrics based on polyfen filaments; development of new types of textile combines and composite materials; and carbon filament-based fabrics.

  14. STAGE OF TEXTILE RECYCLE WASTE IN ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Tripa, Simona

    2014-01-01

    Aim of this article is to examine the stage of textile recycle waste in Romania. For this purpose were analyzed the main sources of textile waste from Romania (industry of manufacture of textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products, imports of textiles, clothing and footwear and imports of second hand clothing) and also evolution of the quantity of textile waste in Romania. The benefits (economic and environmental) of the collection and recycling of waste and the legislation ...

  15. Disruptores endocrinos utilizados en la industria textil-confección en España / Endocrine disruptors used in textile industry in Spain

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rafael, Gadea; Laura, Mundemurra; Tatiana, Santos; Ruth, Jiménez; Ana M., García.

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los disruptores endocrinos son sustancias químicas que pueden alterar el sistema hormonal. Estas sustancias se utilizan en distintos procesos de la industria del textil-confección. Objetivos: Identificar las sustancias con efectos de disrupción endocrina utilizados en la industria del [...] textil y la confección en España para prevenir la exposición de los trabajadores a estas sustancias. Material y métodos: En el estudio participaron 65 empresas de siete comunidades autónomas, seleccionadas mediante acuerdo entre las organizaciones empresariales y sindicales del sector. Técnicos de salud laboral de las federaciones sindicales visitaron las empresas participantes y recogieron información sobre los productos químicos utilizados mediante observación de etiquetas y fichas de datos de seguridad y mediante entrevistas con técnicos de prevención, trabajadores designados, delegados de prevención y trabajadores utilizando cuestionarios estandarizados. Resultados: Las empresas participantes cubren un amplio rango de actividades propias del sector, siendo la mayoría de ellas de tamaño medio (entre 51 y 250 trabajadores, n=39). Se identificaron diecisiete sustancias diferentes con efectos de disrupción endocrina utilizadas en distintos puestos de trabajo, incluyendo preparación de fibras y tejidos, lavado, tintado o acabado textil, entre otros. Conclusiones: Serían necesarios estudios que permitieran cuantificar el nivel de exposición en los puestos identificados para priorizar las medidas preventivas necesarias. Abstract in english Introduction: Endocrine disruptors are chemicals which can affect hormonal system in human beings. These substances are used in several processes in the textile industry. Objectives: Identifying chemicals with endocrine disruption potential used in Spanish textile industry to promoting risk preventi [...] on in exposed workers. Material and methods: The study includes 65 companies located in seven different Spanish regions and selected through management and trade union organizations agreement. Occupational health technicians from the local trade unions visited participating companies and gathered information about chemicals in use through observation of available labels and safety data sheets and through personal interviews with technicians, safety representatives and workers using standardized questionnaires. Results: Participating companies cover a wide range of typical activities in the textile industry, most of them being medium sized (51-250 workers, n=39). Seventeen different chemicals acting as endocrine disrupters were identified in a variety of jobs, including fibre and tissues elaboration, washing, dyeing and finishing, among other. Conclusions: It would be needed to evaluate the level of exposure to endocrine disruptors in these tasks in order to prioritize necessary preventive actions.

  16. Disruptores endocrinos utilizados en la industria textil-confección en España Endocrine disruptors used in textile industry in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Gadea

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los disruptores endocrinos son sustancias químicas que pueden alterar el sistema hormonal. Estas sustancias se utilizan en distintos procesos de la industria del textil-confección. Objetivos: Identificar las sustancias con efectos de disrupción endocrina utilizados en la industria del textil y la confección en España para prevenir la exposición de los trabajadores a estas sustancias. Material y métodos: En el estudio participaron 65 empresas de siete comunidades autónomas, seleccionadas mediante acuerdo entre las organizaciones empresariales y sindicales del sector. Técnicos de salud laboral de las federaciones sindicales visitaron las empresas participantes y recogieron información sobre los productos químicos utilizados mediante observación de etiquetas y fichas de datos de seguridad y mediante entrevistas con técnicos de prevención, trabajadores designados, delegados de prevención y trabajadores utilizando cuestionarios estandarizados. Resultados: Las empresas participantes cubren un amplio rango de actividades propias del sector, siendo la mayoría de ellas de tamaño medio (entre 51 y 250 trabajadores, n=39. Se identificaron diecisiete sustancias diferentes con efectos de disrupción endocrina utilizadas en distintos puestos de trabajo, incluyendo preparación de fibras y tejidos, lavado, tintado o acabado textil, entre otros. Conclusiones: Serían necesarios estudios que permitieran cuantificar el nivel de exposición en los puestos identificados para priorizar las medidas preventivas necesarias.Introduction: Endocrine disruptors are chemicals which can affect hormonal system in human beings. These substances are used in several processes in the textile industry. Objectives: Identifying chemicals with endocrine disruption potential used in Spanish textile industry to promoting risk prevention in exposed workers. Material and methods: The study includes 65 companies located in seven different Spanish regions and selected through management and trade union organizations agreement. Occupational health technicians from the local trade unions visited participating companies and gathered information about chemicals in use through observation of available labels and safety data sheets and through personal interviews with technicians, safety representatives and workers using standardized questionnaires. Results: Participating companies cover a wide range of typical activities in the textile industry, most of them being medium sized (51-250 workers, n=39. Seventeen different chemicals acting as endocrine disrupters were identified in a variety of jobs, including fibre and tissues elaboration, washing, dyeing and finishing, among other. Conclusions: It would be needed to evaluate the level of exposure to endocrine disruptors in these tasks in order to prioritize necessary preventive actions.

  17. Textiles in Transit. An Investigation of Contract Textiles in Airport Terminals

    OpenAIRE

    Fislage, Victoria

    2012-01-01

    The selection of textiles for public spaces is an essential task for interior designers, as they must decide whether and where textiles are needed as well as to what extent. Due to the wide availability and variety of textiles, the choice of materials and qualities becomes a challenging task, requiring interdisciplinary dialogue between textile and interior professionals. The objective of this thesis is to describe the contract textile business, the relationship between textile designers ...

  18. Mechanics of Textile Composites Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poe, Clarence C. (editor); Harris, Charles E. (editor)

    1995-01-01

    This document is a compilation of papers presented at the Mechanics of Textile Composites Conference in Hampton, Virginia, December 6-8, 1994. This conference was the culmination of a 3-year program that was initiated by NASA late in 1990 to develop mechanics of textile composites in support of the NASA Advance Composites Technology Program (ACT). The goal of the program was to develop mathematical models of textile preform materials and test methods to facilitate structural analysis and design. Participants in the program were from NASA, academia, and industry.

  19. Supplement to the "Compendium of Occupational Profiles at the Skilled Blue- and White-collar Worker Level." Situations and Trends: Supply and Demand for Skilled Workers. CEDEFOP Panorama. Supplement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sellin, Burkart

    A study examined the supply and demand for skilled workers in the following sectors throughout the member countries of the European Community: agriculture (including horticulture and forestry); food industry and trades; hotels, restaurants, and catering industry; tourism; transport; textile industry; textile clothing; leather; wood; building…

  20. Nanotechnology in Fibres and Textiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Subhankar Maity

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Nanoscience and nanotechnology are considered tobe the key technology for the recent era. Efforts are beingworldwide to create smart and intelligent textiles byincorporating various nano particles or by creatingnanostructured surfaces and nanofibres which lead tounprecedented level of textile performance such as stainresistant, self cleaning, antistatic, UV protective and variouschemical and mechanical properties. The purpose of this paperis to examine the implications of nanotechnology for the fibreand textile industries in the world. The basics and impacts ofnanotechnology are discussed in terms of various advancedproducts by different manufactured along with the properties ofthe products. With an appreciation of what nanotechnologies areemerging globally in the fibre and textile areas, the localindustry will have the necessary background to ask the rightquestions and make informed decisions.

  1. TEXTILE DYEBATH RECONSTITUTION AND REUSE

    Science.gov (United States)

    The paper discusses the recent demonstration of the application of an important wastewater recycle technology (reconstitution and reuse of spent dyebath solutions) to the textile industry. After several months of bench and pilot testing, the technology was demonstrated under prod...

  2. Wearable solar cells by stacking textile electrodes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Shaowu; Yang, Zhibin; Chen, Peining; Deng, Jue; Li, Houpu; Peng, Huisheng

    2014-06-10

    A new and general method to produce flexible, wearable dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) textiles by the stacking of two textile electrodes has been developed. A metal-textile electrode that was made from micrometer-sized metal wires was used as a working electrode, while the textile counter electrode was woven from highly aligned carbon nanotube fibers with high mechanical strengths and electrical conductivities. The resulting DSC textile exhibited a high energy conversion efficiency that was well maintained under bending. Compared with the woven DSC textiles that are based on wire-shaped devices, this stacked DSC textile unexpectedly exhibited a unique deformation from a rectangle to a parallelogram, which is highly desired in portable electronics. This lightweight and wearable stacked DSC textile is superior to conventional planar DSCs because the energy conversion efficiency of the stacked DSC textile was independent of the angle of incident light. PMID:24789065

  3. Migrant Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Social and Labour Bulletin, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Discusses a new German law to encourage foreign workers to return to their home countries, employment exchanges for young foreigners in Germany, and a training program for migrant workers in India. (SK)

  4. THE COMPETITIVENESS OF TEXTILE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    PRUNEA ANA

    2014-01-01

    The role of this paper is to highlight the position of the European players in the textile market and the challenges to which they are subjected. In this paper are presented ways, taking the „diamond" model of M. Porter and are adapted to the situation of the textile market. These adaptations have outlined the main existing problems and the possible solutions that can ensure the long-term competitive advantage. Gaining a competitive advantage based on innovation, the development of producti...

  5. Nanotechnology in Fibres and Textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Mr. Subhankar Maity; Department Of Textile Technology, Dr B. R. Ambedkar National Institute Of Technology; Mr. Himansu Shekhar Mohapatra

    2013-01-01

    Nanoscience and nanotechnology are considered tobe the key technology for the recent era. Efforts are beingworldwide to create smart and intelligent textiles byincorporating various nano particles or by creatingnanostructured surfaces and nanofibres which lead tounprecedented level of textile performance such as stainresistant, self cleaning, antistatic, UV protective and variouschemical and mechanical properties. The purpose of this paperis to examine the implications of nanotechnology for t...

  6. BIOTRANSFORMATION OF TEXTILE DYES: A BIOREMEDIAL ASPECT OF MARINE ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. S. Shertate

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Presence of huge amount of salts in the wastewater of textile dyeing industry is one of the major limiting factors in the development of an effective biotreatment system for the removal of dyes from textile effluents. Large number of textile industries are located on the coastal areas due to ease of transport to the various places in world and help in building nations economy, but on the contrary the effluents released from these industries are proving a great problem for the marine life. Therefore, industrial effluents containing dyes must be treated before their safe discharge into the environment. There are various physiochemical methods are conventionally used. These methods are effective but quite expensive leading to the production of solid sludge. Bacterial spp. capable of thriving under high salt conditions could be employed for the treatment of saline dye-contaminated textile wastewaters. Most of the Scientists used chemical coagulation, Flocculation and Precipitation techniques for the removal of dye colors from waste waters. But this method is not cost beneficial as it generates huge amount of Sludge and to dispose the sludge is major problem. The physical methods are also not cost effective. So only biological treatment using acclimatized microorganisms could remove 99-100% dye colour from wastewater. Hence now a day most of the workers concentrated on biotransformation of textile azo dyes by adapted organisms. The use of co substrates also slightly increased the decolorization of dye solution. Some scientists showed that the products of dye degradation are not toxic to biological system. Products formed can be determined by Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS technique, Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR etc.

  7. DOMESTIC WORKERS: A SOCIALOGICAL INQUIRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagaraj Badiger

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A domestic worker is a person who works within the employer's household. Domestic workers perform a variety of household services for an individual or a family, from providing care for children and elderly dependents to cleaning and household maintenance, known as housekeeping. Responsibilities may also include cooking, doing laundry and ironing, food shopping and other household errands. Some domestic workers live within the household where they work. In the course of twentieth-century movements for labour rights, women's rights and immigrant rights, the conditions faced by domestic workers and the problems specific to their class of employment have come to the fore. In 2011, the International Labour Organization adopted the Convention Concerning Decent Work for Domestic Workers which covers decent work conditions for domestic workers.

  8. A indústria têxtil, suas trabalhadoras e os censos da população de Minas Gerais do século XIX: uma reavaliação The textile industry, women's work, and the 19th century censuses of the population of Minas Gerais: a new appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concessa Vaz de Macedo

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é reavaliar as informações sobre as ocupações dos habitantes de Minas Gerais, de modo a retificar o lugar de destaque da indústria têxtil na economia da Província. As evidências aqui apresentadas são inéditas e resultaram de um novo esquema de classificação das ocupações originárias de dois registros oficiais, a saber, as Listas Nominativas da População de Minas Gerais de 1831-32 e o Recenseamento Geral do Império de 1872. Com base nessa classifica- ção, pôde-se recompor a estrutura ocupacional da população e, então, confirmar e reabilitar a importância da indústria têxtil, e de suas mulheres trabalhadoras, na economia do período.The aim of this paper is to reconsider the information about occupation of the population of Minas Gerais, in order to rectify the prominence of the textile industry in its economy. The evidence presented here is original and has been derived from a new classificatory scheme based on data provided by two official records, namely the Nominative Lists of the Population of Minas Gerais for the years 1831-32 and the 1872 General Census of the Empire. On the basis of such scheme, it was then possible to reconstruct the occupational structure of the population, and therefore reinforce as well as restore the importance of textiles, and of female labour, in the economy of the time.

  9. A indústria têxtil, suas trabalhadoras e os censos da população de Minas Gerais do século XIX: uma reavaliação / The textile industry, women's work, and the 19th century censuses of the population of Minas Gerais: a new appraisal

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Concessa Vaz de, Macedo.

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é reavaliar as informações sobre as ocupações dos habitantes de Minas Gerais, de modo a retificar o lugar de destaque da indústria têxtil na economia da Província. As evidências aqui apresentadas são inéditas e resultaram de um novo esquema de classificação das ocupações orig [...] inárias de dois registros oficiais, a saber, as Listas Nominativas da População de Minas Gerais de 1831-32 e o Recenseamento Geral do Império de 1872. Com base nessa classifica- ção, pôde-se recompor a estrutura ocupacional da população e, então, confirmar e reabilitar a importância da indústria têxtil, e de suas mulheres trabalhadoras, na economia do período. Abstract in english The aim of this paper is to reconsider the information about occupation of the population of Minas Gerais, in order to rectify the prominence of the textile industry in its economy. The evidence presented here is original and has been derived from a new classificatory scheme based on data provided b [...] y two official records, namely the Nominative Lists of the Population of Minas Gerais for the years 1831-32 and the 1872 General Census of the Empire. On the basis of such scheme, it was then possible to reconstruct the occupational structure of the population, and therefore reinforce as well as restore the importance of textiles, and of female labour, in the economy of the time.

  10. Quem sente é a gente, mas é preciso relevar: a lombalgia na vida das trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau - Santa Catarina / One feels it but one must overlook it: low back pain in the life of women working in the textile sector of Blumenau - Santa Catarina

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Karine Muniz, Polizelli; Silvana Nair, Leite.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de compreender o enfrentamento da lombalgia no cotidiano de mulheres trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau, Santa Catarina. Três mulheres trabalhadoras do setor têxtil daquela cidade foram as informantes principais do estudo, desenvolvido em encontros [...] quinzenais e visitas a locais de trabalho. Foram utilizados como ferramentas de estudo um calendário com data e dias da semana para a marcação de dores relativas à lombalgia e uma Escala Análogo Visual (EAV). Além de relatos anotados em formulários de acompanhamento dos encontros quinzenais, utilizou-se um diário de campo para transcrição de fatos e relatos. Os dados coletados levaram à construção de duas categorias interpretativas: a dor lombar sob o aspecto da normalidade e a dor sentida. Os resultados da pesquisa levam à conclusão de que a lombalgia, sob o ponto de vista das trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau, apresenta-se como uma espécie de conflito entre a dor normal, sem importância social, e a dor sentida e limitante, que traz sofrimentos e angústias no âmbito privado. A dualidade da lombalgia é marcante, pois são mulheres que têm dor, real para elas, com um impacto importante para suas vidas, mas elas mesmas esforçam-se por negligenciá-la, seguindo a concepção socialmente aceita para esta questão no contexto cultural da região. O conceito de lombalgia construído é de algo inerente à vida e ao trabalho, o que não permite o direito de estar doente. Abstract in english This study was developed with the objective of understanding how women working in the textile sector of Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, cope with low back pain. Three women who worked in the textile sector of that city were the main informants of the study, developed in biweekly meetings and visi [...] ts to workplaces. The study tools were a calendar with dates and week days, where the participants should mark the occurrence of low back pain, and a Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Besides accounts registered in forms during the meetings, a field diary for transcription of facts and accounts was used. The collected data led to the construction of two interpretative categories: low back pain under the aspect of normality and felt pain. In light of the results, it is possible to conclude that low back pain, in the point of view of the women from the textile sector of Blumenau, is expressed as a kind of conflict between normal pain, without social importance, and the felt pain, which is restrictive and brings suffering and anguish in the private scope. The duality of low back pain is outstanding, because these are women who feel pain, which is real for them and has an important impact on their lives, but they make an effort to neglect it, following the socially accepted conception for this issue in the region's cultural context. The constructed concept of low back pain is of something inherent in life and work, which does not give them the right to feel ill.

  11. Quem sente é a gente, mas é preciso relevar: a lombalgia na vida das trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau - Santa Catarina One feels it but one must overlook it: low back pain in the life of women working in the textile sector of Blumenau - Santa Catarina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karine Muniz Polizelli

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo foi desenvolvido com o objetivo de compreender o enfrentamento da lombalgia no cotidiano de mulheres trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau, Santa Catarina. Três mulheres trabalhadoras do setor têxtil daquela cidade foram as informantes principais do estudo, desenvolvido em encontros quinzenais e visitas a locais de trabalho. Foram utilizados como ferramentas de estudo um calendário com data e dias da semana para a marcação de dores relativas à lombalgia e uma Escala Análogo Visual (EAV. Além de relatos anotados em formulários de acompanhamento dos encontros quinzenais, utilizou-se um diário de campo para transcrição de fatos e relatos. Os dados coletados levaram à construção de duas categorias interpretativas: a dor lombar sob o aspecto da normalidade e a dor sentida. Os resultados da pesquisa levam à conclusão de que a lombalgia, sob o ponto de vista das trabalhadoras do setor têxtil de Blumenau, apresenta-se como uma espécie de conflito entre a dor normal, sem importância social, e a dor sentida e limitante, que traz sofrimentos e angústias no âmbito privado. A dualidade da lombalgia é marcante, pois são mulheres que têm dor, real para elas, com um impacto importante para suas vidas, mas elas mesmas esforçam-se por negligenciá-la, seguindo a concepção socialmente aceita para esta questão no contexto cultural da região. O conceito de lombalgia construído é de algo inerente à vida e ao trabalho, o que não permite o direito de estar doente.This study was developed with the objective of understanding how women working in the textile sector of Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, cope with low back pain. Three women who worked in the textile sector of that city were the main informants of the study, developed in biweekly meetings and visits to workplaces. The study tools were a calendar with dates and week days, where the participants should mark the occurrence of low back pain, and a Visual Analog Scale (VAS. Besides accounts registered in forms during the meetings, a field diary for transcription of facts and accounts was used. The collected data led to the construction of two interpretative categories: low back pain under the aspect of normality and felt pain. In light of the results, it is possible to conclude that low back pain, in the point of view of the women from the textile sector of Blumenau, is expressed as a kind of conflict between normal pain, without social importance, and the felt pain, which is restrictive and brings suffering and anguish in the private scope. The duality of low back pain is outstanding, because these are women who feel pain, which is real for them and has an important impact on their lives, but they make an effort to neglect it, following the socially accepted conception for this issue in the region's cultural context. The constructed concept of low back pain is of something inherent in life and work, which does not give them the right to feel ill.

  12. Scope of nanotechnology in modern textiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    This review article demonstrates the scope and applications of nanotechnology towards modification and development of advanced textile fibers, yarns and fabrics and their processing techniques. Basically, it summarizes the recent advances made in nanotechnology and its applications to cotton textil...

  13. English as a Second Language for the Workplace. Worker Education Program. Curriculum Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Paula; Keresztes-Nagy, Susan

    The guide outlines the curriculum designed for a workplace literacy program for about 500 members of a clothing and textile workers union in the Chicago (Illinois) area. The program is intended to prepare workers for the challenges of work in an environment of constantly changing demographics, new technology, and shifting global economy. An…

  14. Structural shifts in the employment of foreign workers in Austria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biffl, G

    1985-03-01

    The full economic importance of immigration becomes clear only when one examines the concentration of immigrant workers in certain industries and occupations, and this is done in the case of Austria to show the degree of segmentation of the labor market between indigenous and foreign labor. In the course of the 1960s the employment of foreign labor gained importance in Austria. As a consequence, bilateral agreements with the major recruiting countries were made, e.g., with Spain in 1962 and 1969, with Turkey in 1964, and with Yugoslavia in 1966. The reason for the increasing demand for foreign labor was the short supply of indigenous labor due to increasing participation rates and strong economic growth. The demand-pull for foreign labor gained momentum with the onset of the economic boom in 1970, so that by the end of 1973 the number of foreign workers had doubled in comparison to 1970. The 226,800 foreign workers accounted for 8.7% of total employment. The 1974-75 recession and the weak economic development ever since resulted in a decreasing demand for labor. At the same time, the supply of indigenous labor increased as a consequence of a demographic effect and because of increasing participation rates of women. From 1981 to the present, foreign employment decreased again due to the unusually long period of economic stagnation. During 1983, 145,300 foreign workers were engaged, i.e., 5.3% of total employment. The structure for foreign employment now differs greatly from that in the 1960s. The share of women in foreign employment has increased steadily from some 20% in the early 1960s to 31% in 1973 and 40% in 1983 -- a value comparable to the Austrian female share in employment. The reduction of foreign employment since 1973 affected, above all, Yugoslav men. the share of Yugoslavs in foreign employment decreased from 196,300 or 79% in 1973 to 92,200 or 61.7% in 1983. With the duration of foreign employment rising, the disribution of foreign labor over economic branches increased. In the early 1960s the employment of foreign workers was concentrated in 3 branches -- the construction sector (32% of all foreign workers), metal industries (16%), and textile industries (10%). In 1982 only 1/3 of all foreign workers were still employed in these branches as an infiltration by foreign labor had taken place in all sectors. The services sector showed the greatest increase in foreign employment since 1975. There has never been as strong a concentration of 1 nationality in a particular economic branch as in Switzerland, Germany, or France. Case studies in Austria reveal that it was an explicit policy for firms (and also unions and entrepreneur representatives) not to depend on only 1 nationality of foreign workers. According to the case studies, about 1/3 of all foreign workers today occupy jobs which are in direct competition with indigenous labor. Another 1/3 fill jobs which are complementary to indigenous labor. For the remainder it is difficult to say to what extent they belong to one or the other segment of the labor market, because there is no information available on the occupational job structure. PMID:12159579

  15. TEXTILE STRUCTURES FOR AERONAUTICS (PART I)

    OpenAIRE

    SOLER Miquel

    2014-01-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) textile structures with better delamination resistance and damage impact tolerance to be applied in composites for structural components is one of the main goals of the aeronautical industry. Textile Research Centre in Canet de Mar has been working since 2008 in this field. Our staff has been designing, developing and producing different textile structures using different production methods and machinery to improve three-dimensional textile structures as fiber reinforce...

  16. Development of Textile Industrial Clusters in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Shahzad Iqbal; Shaikh, Faiz M.; Babak Mahmood; Kamran Shafiq

    2010-01-01

    This research investigates the textile industry clusters in Pakistan. A cross sectional data were collected from 30 textile industries by using simple random technique and data were analysis by using E-Views software. Structural questionnaire was the basic tool for measures the performance of textile clusters in Pakistan. It was revealed that the industry is in urgent need of financial and technological investments. However, according to recent official figures, the Pakistan textile industry ...

  17. A biological treatment technique for wool textile

    OpenAIRE

    Yu Xiao-Wei; Wen-Jun Guan; Li Yong-Quan; Guo Ting-Jing; Zhou Ji-Dong

    2005-01-01

    A biological treatment technique for wool textile was carried out by enzymes degradation coupled with H2O2 oxidation. The results demonstrated that the technique had ideal effects on wool textile such as better softness, plump and less loss of bursting stress. Because of mild reaction conditions, less textile damage and less environmental pollution, this technique for wool textile treatment could have promising prospect.

  18. TEXTILE STRUCTURES FOR AERONAUTICS (PART II)

    OpenAIRE

    Soler, Miquel

    2014-01-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) textile structures with better delamination resistance and damage impact tolerance to be applied in composites for structural components is one of the main goals of the aeronautical industry. Textile Research Centre in Canet de Mar has been working since 2008 in this field. Our staff has been designing, developing and producing different textile structures using different production methods and machinery to improve three-dimensional textile structures as fiber reinforce...

  19. Pakistan lags behind in technical textile

    OpenAIRE

    Janjhji, Noor Zaman; Memon, Noor Ahmed

    2007-01-01

    This paper highlights and demonstrates the technical and economical impact of technical textiles in the industrially developed countries and their future contribution to the development of economics of newly developing countries, such as China, South East Asia, and North Africa etc. Pakistan still lags behind in technical textile products as neither the government nor the textile industry has made any serious efforts towards synchronizing textile products with the emerging n...

  20. Geometric and Mechanical Modelling of Textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Sherburn, Martin

    2007-01-01

    The quality of a composite material produced using a textile reinforcement depends largely on the way the textile deforms during processing. To ensure the production of high quality parts and minimise costs in designing such parts it is necessary to develop methods to predict the deformations of textiles. This thesis employs a multi scale modelling approach in predicting mechanical properties of textile fabrics. The three scales involved are the microscopic, mesoscopic and macroscopic. Th...

  1. Textile Design for the Real World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassano, Denise M.

    2007-01-01

    Textile design is a multimillion-dollar business that affects all of us. However, the idea of textile design is often ignored in art classes. This paper describes a project that challenges students to identify functional art in their everyday lives. In this project, students analyze textile designs, then create their own motifs and repeat them to…

  2. Emerging research trends in medical textiles

    CERN Document Server

    Gokarneshan, N; Rajendran, V; Lavanya, B; Ghoshal, Arundhathi

    2015-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive review of the significant researches reported during the recent years in the field of medical textiles. It also highlights the use of new types of fibres in developing medical textile products and their promising role in the respective areas of application. Considerable developments have taken place in the development of medical textiles for varied applications.

  3. Os melhores empregados: a inserção e a formação da mão-de-obra feminina em fábricas têxteis mineiras no final do século XIX / "The best employees": the insertion and training of the female workforce in textile factories in Minas Gerais State in the late 19th century

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Junia de Souza, Lima.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute o processo de inserção e formação da mãode-obra feminina na indústria têxtil em Minas Gerais no final do século XIX, tomando para análise a Companhia de Fiação e Tecidos Cedro e Cachoeira. Como ocorrido em muitas outras fábricas têxteis, as mulheres foram durante muito tempo o ma [...] ior conjunto de trabalhadores desta Cia. Trabalhando como fiandeiras e tecelãs, as operárias ingressavam, muitas vezes, ainda jovens, passando boa parte da vida dentro das fábricas, inseridas em um tipo de relação que lhes ensinava a serem operárias e, ao mesmo tempo, as educava enquanto mulheres, a partir de determinados valores culturais, dentre os quais se destaca a religiosidade. Nesse sentido busca-se aqui refletir sobre como esse processo se materializava no cotidiano das fábricas, os aspectos aí envolvidos e suas principais implicações para a vida das trabalhadoras. Abstract in english This paper discusses the process of insertion and training of the female workforce in the textile industry in Minas Gerais State in the late nineteenth century, and for this purpose the Company of Textiles and Spinning Cedro e Cachoeira will be analyzed. As also happened in many other textile factor [...] ies, women have been for a long time the largest group of employees of that Company. Working as spinners and weavers, the women often started working at a young age, spending much of their life inside the factories, being part of a relationship that taught them to be workers and at the same time, educated them from certain cultural values, being the religion a relevant issue in this context. In this sense, reflections will be searched in order to understand how this process occurred in the daily life of plants, the aspects involved and their main implications for the lives of workers.

  4. Os melhores empregados: a inserção e a formação da mão-de-obra feminina em fábricas têxteis mineiras no final do século XIX "The best employees": the insertion and training of the female workforce in textile factories in Minas Gerais State in the late 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junia de Souza Lima

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute o processo de inserção e formação da mãode-obra feminina na indústria têxtil em Minas Gerais no final do século XIX, tomando para análise a Companhia de Fiação e Tecidos Cedro e Cachoeira. Como ocorrido em muitas outras fábricas têxteis, as mulheres foram durante muito tempo o maior conjunto de trabalhadores desta Cia. Trabalhando como fiandeiras e tecelãs, as operárias ingressavam, muitas vezes, ainda jovens, passando boa parte da vida dentro das fábricas, inseridas em um tipo de relação que lhes ensinava a serem operárias e, ao mesmo tempo, as educava enquanto mulheres, a partir de determinados valores culturais, dentre os quais se destaca a religiosidade. Nesse sentido busca-se aqui refletir sobre como esse processo se materializava no cotidiano das fábricas, os aspectos aí envolvidos e suas principais implicações para a vida das trabalhadoras.This paper discusses the process of insertion and training of the female workforce in the textile industry in Minas Gerais State in the late nineteenth century, and for this purpose the Company of Textiles and Spinning Cedro e Cachoeira will be analyzed. As also happened in many other textile factories, women have been for a long time the largest group of employees of that Company. Working as spinners and weavers, the women often started working at a young age, spending much of their life inside the factories, being part of a relationship that taught them to be workers and at the same time, educated them from certain cultural values, being the religion a relevant issue in this context. In this sense, reflections will be searched in order to understand how this process occurred in the daily life of plants, the aspects involved and their main implications for the lives of workers.

  5. Transparent conductive graphene textile fibers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neves, A. I. S.; Bointon, T. H.; Melo, L. V.; Russo, S.; de Schrijver, I.; Craciun, M. F.; Alves, H.

    2015-05-01

    Transparent and flexible electrodes are widely used on a variety of substrates such as plastics and glass. Yet, to date, transparent electrodes on a textile substrate have not been explored. The exceptional electrical, mechanical and optical properties of monolayer graphene make it highly attractive as a transparent electrode for applications in wearable electronics. Here, we report the transfer of monolayer graphene, grown by chemical vapor deposition on copper foil, to fibers commonly used by the textile industry. The graphene-coated fibers have a sheet resistance as low as ~1?k? per square, an equivalent value to the one obtained by the same transfer process onto a Si substrate, with a reduction of only 2.3 per cent in optical transparency while keeping high stability under mechanical stress. With this approach, we successfully achieved the first example of a textile electrode, flexible and truly embedded in a yarn.

  6. Plasma treatment advantages for textiles

    CERN Document Server

    Sparavigna, Amelia

    2008-01-01

    The textile industry is searching for innovative production techniques to improve the product quality, as well as society requires new finishing techniques working in environmental respect. Plasma surface treatments show distinct advantages, because they are able to modify the surface properties of inert materials, sometimes with environment friendly devices. For fabrics, cold plasma treatments require the development of reliable and large systems. Such systems are now existing and the use of plasma physics in industrial problems is rapidly increasing. On textile surfaces, three main effects can be obtained depending on the treatment conditions: the cleaning effect, the increase of microroughness (anti-pilling finishing of wool) and the production of radicals to obtain hydrophilic surfaces. Plasma polymerisation, that is the deposition of solid polymeric materials with desired properties on textile substrates, is under development. The advantage of such plasma treatments is that the modification turns out to ...

  7. Electrical Conductivity in Textiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Copper is the most widely used electrical conductor. Like most metals, though, it has several drawbacks: it is heavy, expensive, and can break. Fibers that conduct electricity could be the solutions to these problems, and they are of great interest to NASA. Conductive fibers provide lightweight alternatives to heavy copper wiring in a variety of settings, including aerospace, where weight is always a chief concern. This is an area where NASA is always seeking improved materials. The fibers are also more cost-effective than metals. Expenditure is another area where NASA is always looking to make improvements. In the case of electronics that are confined to small spaces and subject to severe stress, copper is prone to breaking and losing connection over time. Flexible conductive fibers eliminate that problem. They are more supple and stronger than brittle copper and, thus, find good use in these and similar situations. While clearly a much-needed material, electrically conductive fibers are not readily available. The cost of new technology development, with all the pitfalls of troubleshooting production and the years of testing, and without the guarantee of an immediate market, is often too much of a financial hazard for companies to risk. NASA, however, saw the need for electrical fibers in its many projects and sought out a high-tech textile company that was already experimenting in this field, Syscom Technology, Inc., of Columbus, Ohio. Syscom was founded in 1993 to provide computer software engineering services and basic materials research in the areas of high-performance polymer fibers and films. In 1999, Syscom decided to focus its business and technical efforts on development of high-strength, high-performance, and electrically conductive polymer fibers. The company developed AmberStrand, an electrically conductive, low-weight, strong-yet-flexible hybrid metal-polymer YARN.

  8. Textile composite fuselage structures development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Anthony C.; Barrie, Ronald E.; Chu, Robert L.

    1993-01-01

    Phase 2 of the NASA ACT Contract (NAS1-18888), Advanced Composite Structural Concepts and Materials Technology for Transport Aircraft Structures, focuses on textile technology, with resin transfer molding or powder coated tows. The use of textiles has the potential for improving damage tolerance, reducing cost and saving weight. This program investigates resin transfer molding (RTM), as a maturing technology for high fiber volume primary structures and powder coated tows as an emerging technology with a high potential for significant cost savings and superior structural properties. Powder coated tow technology has promise for significantly improving the processibility of high temperature resins such as polyimides.

  9. Nutritional Status Assessment of Tea Garden Women Workers (18-35 Years In Darjeeling District From A View Point of Nutrition Parameters Hemoglobin Level and Disease Susceptibility : Impact of Nutritional Awareness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prabir Kumar Manna

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present study aimed for assessing the nutrition level on different physiological parameters and disease susceptibility of the adult tea garden women worker belong to poor economic group of Darjeeling district.Methods: The study was made on one hundred women (18-35 yrs of Phansidewa block. The subjects were divided into control and experimental groups. Nutritional awareness was given to the experimental group for six month. Physiological parameters and disease susceptibility were recorded for both the groups before and after delivering awareness. Results: We found that the mean height of the respondents in control (C and experimental (E group before delivery of awareness were 150.64 cm and 150.36 cm and after deliberation of awareness these were 150.68 cm and 150.44 cm, respectively. A significant increase was observed in weight of the subjects of the experimental group after the nutritional awareness. The percentages of severe, moderate and mild degree of chronic energy deficiency were decreased after awareness in the experimental group and the percentages of low weight normal and normal women were increased. The hemoglobin level of the subjects under experimental group was also increased significantly. The percentages of severe and moderate degree of anemia were decreased after awareness given and the percentage of mild anemia was increased. The women with normal hemoglobin level were increased after awareness in the experimental group. The levels of blood pressure of the control and experimental group were not changed significantly. Subjects under experimental group improved their cooking practices, diet pattern, food hygiene, sanitation and ultimately decreased disease susceptibility. Conclusion: We found that nutritional awareness has a great impact on the nutritional status of the women particularly on weight and hemoglobin level. Mothers gladly learned the values of different local vegetables and pulses and incorporated there in their diet and improved their health status. They also improved food hygiene and sanitation and changed cooking practices.

  10. TEXTILE STRUCTURES FOR AERONAUTICS (PART II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOLER Miquel

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Three-dimensional (3D textile structures with better delamination resistance and damage impact tolerance to be applied in composites for structural components is one of the main goals of the aeronautical industry. Textile Research Centre in Canet de Mar has been working since 2008 in this field. Our staff has been designing, developing and producing different textile structures using different production methods and machinery to improve three-dimensional textile structures as fiber reinforcement for composites. This paper describes different tests done in our textile labs from unidirectional structures to woven, knitted or braided 3 D textile structures. Advantages and disadvantages of each textile structure are summarized. The second part of this paper deals with our know-how in the manufacturing and assessing of three-dimensional textile structures during this last five years in the field of textile structures for composites but also in the development of structures for other applications. In the field of composites for aeronautic sector we have developed textile structures using the main methods of textile production, that is to say, weaving, warp knitting, weft knitting and braiding. Comparing the advantages and disadvantages it could be said that braided fabrics, with a structure in the three space axes are the most suitable for fittings and frames.

  11. Análisis de la Morfología del Raquis Torácico y Lumbar en Mujeres Trabajadoras de una Cooperativa Hortofrutícola / Analysis of the Thoracic and Lumbar Morphology in Women Workers froma Fruit and Vegetable Company

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    José María, Muyor; Pedro A, López-Miñarro; Antonio J, Casimiro; Antonio J, Nievas; Tesifón, Parrón.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la disposición angular del raquis torácico y lumbar en bipedestación y sedentación relajada en mujeres trabajadoras de una empresa hortofrutícola. Un total de 50 mujeres (media de edad: 43,62±8,43 años) fueron evaluadas mediante un Spinal Mouse en bipede [...] stación y en sedentación relajada. Los valores angulares medios para el raquis torácico y lumbar fueron de 32,74±8,76 y -21,66±19,12 en bipedestación y de 36,32±10,55 y -1,08±18,14, en sedentación. En bipedestación, un elevado porcentaje de casos (86% y 68,3%) presentaban una cifosis torácica y lordosis lumbar dentro de los valores de normalidad. En sedentación, el 74% presentaban hipercifosis torácica y el 20% una inversión lumbar. En conclusión, aunque en bipedestación la mayoría de las mujeres presentaban una morfología del raquis dentro de los valores de normalidad, en sedentación se observó un elevado porcentaje de casos con hipercifosis torácica y el raquis lumbar en inversión. Debido a las consecuencias negativas que se asocian a dichas desalineaciones raquídeas, es recomendable aplicar programas de mejora de la actitud postural en estas trabajadoras, preferentemente en su contexto laboral. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to analyze the sagittal spinal morphology of thoracic and lumbar spine in standing and sitting in women workers from a cooperative in the production, handling and marketing business of vegetable and fruit products. A total of 50 women (mean age: 43.62±8.43 years old) were e [...] valuated. The Spinal Mouse system was used to mesasure the sagittal thoracic and lumbar curvatures in standing and relaxed sitting. The values for thoracic and lumbar curvatures were 32.74±8.76 and -21.66±19.12 in standing and 36.32±10.55 and -1.08±18.14 in sitting. A high frequency (86.0% and 68.3%) of normal thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis were found in standing posture. While sitting the 74.0% and 20.0% presented thoracic hyperkyphosis and lumbar kyphosis. In conclusion, a high percentaje of women workers presented normality values in standing posture, although a high percentage of women were found with thoracic hyperkyphosis and lumbar flexed while sitting relaxed. It is recommended that these women carry out a program to improve their actitudinal postures in their work place.

  12. Calidad de vida profesional de trabajadoras de una escuela de estudiantes con discapacidades múltiples / Professional quality of life of women workers in a school for students with multiple disabilities

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Teresa, Muñoz Quezada; Boris Andrés, Lucero Mondaca.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El propósito del siguiente estudio consistió en explorar la salud física, mental y calidad de vida en el trabajo de profesoras, profesionales y asistentes de educación que atienden a escolares con discapacidades múltiples. A través de un método cualitativo de estudio de caso, se entrevistaron a 15 t [...] rabajadoras de una escuela especial para niños con discapacidades múltiples. También se aplicó el Cuestionario de Salud General abreviado (GHQ-12), el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach (MBI) y el Cuestionario de Calidad de Vida Profesional (CVP-35). Los resultados de los cuestionarios indicaron que cerca de la mitad de las trabajadoras (40%) presentaron riesgo en su salud mental y cansancio emocional. Más de 90% poseía una baja despersonalización, alta realización personal y una buena calidad de vida global en el trabajo. Por otro lado, se percibe en las entrevistas cansancio físico, agresiones de parte de los escolares, lesiones musculares por fuerza mal realizada y sensación de existir una carga de trabajo mal distribuida que generan en las trabajadoras un malestar encubierto. El buen clima laboral y liderazgo participativo de parte de la dirección puede facilitar el desarrollo de una intervención efectiva que permita mejorar la calidad del trabajo y el estado de salud física de las trabajadoras. Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to explore the physical and mental health, and quality of life among teachers, education professionals and paraprofessionals serving students with multiple disabilities. Using a qualitative case study-based approach, 15 women workers were interviewed in a school for chi [...] ldren with multiple disabilities. In addition, they completed the short version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ- 12), the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Quality of Professional Life Questionnaire (CVP-35). Results indicated that about half of the workers (40%) presented an increased risk of poor mental health and emotional exhaustion. More than 90% had a low level of depersonalization, but high sense of personal accomplishment and a good overall quality of life at work. However, the interviews uncovered evidence of physical fatigue, aggression by pupils, musculoskeletal injury due to by sudden heavy lifting and sensation of a poorly distributed workload that generates undisclosed discomfort in the workers. The presence of a good working environment and participative leadership from upper management could conceivably facilitate the development of an effective intervention to improve the quality of work and physical health of women workers.

  13. Virtual Museum of Textile Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caprai, Arnaldo, 1933-

    This website from an Italian lace making firm isn't just a mere company website. The "Virtual Museum" contains more than a dozen peopled scenes from the 1400s to the 1900s, and it highlights the lace-centric textiles in each scene. The textiles are listed below the scene, and when visitors click on the listed textiles, they are taken to the textile in the scene, where a few details are given about it. Each scene can be navigated with three sets of arrows for 360-degree views. There is also an excellent explanatory paragraph or two accompanying each scene that gives context to the scene, including relevant historical and political details. Visitors will notice the lack of faces on the people in the scenes, and the rationale for it is not given. Those visitors interested in seeing a brief demonstration of how needle lace and bobbin lace is made by hand should definitely check out the "Technique" link, for the two short videos. Also, paragraphs accompany each video, explaining the history and use of each type of lace.

  14. Automated visual inspection of textile

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Rune Fisker; Carstensen, Jens Michael

    1997-01-01

    A method for automated inspection of two types of textile is presented. The goal of the inspection is to determine defects in the textile. A prototype is constructed for simulating the textile production line. At the prototype the images of the textile are acquired by a high speed line scan camera. The vertical threads are located using a vertical projection of the image. It is thereby possible to identify the defects in the vertical threads. A structural model of the horizontal threads is formulated. The model consists of a Markov random field which represents a priori knowledge about the position and structure of the horizontal threads and an observation model that incorporates knowledge about the visual appearance of the threads given their position and structure. Using this model the horizontal threads are located. Features are calculated from the located threads to identify the defects. To go from the protype to a production line system we only need to gain a speed factor of 4.

  15. The Textile Form of Sound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendixen, Cecilie

    Sound is a part of architecture, and sound is complex. Upon this, sound is invisible. How is it then possible to design visual objects that interact with the sound? This paper addresses the problem of how to get access to the complexity of sound and how to make textile material revealing the form of sound. This issue is a part of a Ph.D. study at The Danish Design School in Copenhagen. Sound diffusion in architecture is a complex phenomenon. From the sound source the sound spreads in all directions as a sphere of wave fronts. When the sound is reflected from room boundaries or furniture, complex three-dimensional geometries of interfering spheres are created. Textiles are generally a very good sound dampening material. To dampen the sound most effective it should be placed where the sound energy is highest. To find these invisible spots of energy and to reveal the geometry of them, two experiments were carried out. One experiment was done in a laboratory with a sound measure instrument andtextiles arranged in different positions and shapes. Here the high energy spots were located. The other experiment is ongoing and is an investigation of how textiles can take the shape of the sound goemetry by analysing the sound pattern at a specific spot. This analysis is done theoretically with algorithmic systems and practical with waves in water. The paper describes the experiments and the findings, and explains how an analysis of sound can be catched in a textile form.

  16. Integrated microelectronics for smart textiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauterbach, Christl; Glaser, Rupert; Savio, Domnic; Schnell, Markus; Weber, Werner

    2005-01-01

    The combination of textile fabrics with microelectronics will lead to completely new applications, thus achieving elements of ambient intelligence. The integration of sensor or actuator networks, using fabrics with conductive fibres as a textile motherboard enable the fabrication of large active areas. In this paper we describe an integration technology for the fabrication of a "smart textile" based on a wired peer-to-peer network of microcontrollers with integrated sensors or actuators. A self-organizing and fault-tolerant architecture is accomplished which detects the physical shape of the network. Routing paths are formed for data transmission, automatically circumventing defective or missing areas. The network architecture allows the smart textiles to be produced by reel-to-reel processes, cut into arbitrary shapes subsequently and implemented in systems at low installation costs. The possible applications are manifold, ranging from alarm systems to intelligent guidance systems, passenger recognition in car seats, air conditioning control in interior lining and smart wallpaper with software-defined light switches. PMID:16282655

  17. Textil starý 25 000 let?.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kova?i?, V.; Militký, J.; Moravec, V.; Svoboda, Ji?í

    Liberec : Technická univerzita v Liberci, 2000, s. 273-276. ISBN 80-7083-442-0. [Strutex - Struktura a strukturní mechanika textilií /7./. Liberec (CZ), 03.11.2000-08.11.2000] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z8001916 Keywords : paleolithic * textile Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  18. Micromechanical models for textile composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sankar, Bhavani V.; Marrey, Ramesh V.

    1995-01-01

    Numerical and analytical micromechanical models are presented to predict the thermoelastic behavior of a textile composite. In the numerical model, the unit-cell is discretized with finite elements, and periodic boundary conditions are imposed between opposite faces of the unit-cell. For a thin textile composite, stress gradients effects through the thickness are demonstrated. The consequent difference in the stiffness and strength behavior of thick and thin composites are discussed. The numerical model is implemented to predict 3-D thermo-elastic constants for a thick textile composite, and the plate thermo-mechanical properties for a thin textile composite. The numerical model is extended to compute the thermal residual microstresses due to processing to predict the composite failure envelopes. An analytical model - Selective Averaging Method (SAM) - is proposed, which is based on a judicious combination of stiffness and compliance averaging to estimate the 3-D elastic constants. Both the models are tested and verified for several examples by comparing the stiffness properties with elasticity solutions and available results.

  19. EDIPTEX : Environmental assessment of textiles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, SØren Ellebæk; Hansen, John

    2007-01-01

    The EDIPTEX project has three main deliverables. These are 1. Modelling of the lifecycle of six textile products and calculation of the connected environmental impact 2. Obtaining almost 500 textile unit processes following the EDIP unit process data format 3. Calculation of equivalency factors for a number of chemicals For each of the deliverables extensive documentation material exists, which is published in this report. In the EDIPTEX project, a number of lifecycle assessments (environmental assessments) were carried out on textile products. But an extensive and detailed lifecycle assessment case is not particularly information friendly - only to other lifecycle assessment experts and consultants. The Programme for Cleaner Products etc. has therefore supported a dissemination project "Information on EDIPTEX". In this dissemination project the six EDIPTEX environmental assessments were transformed into six leaflets which, on only four pages each and in a professional layout, outline the environmental profile of the six products. The six environmental assessments include: A T-shirt of 100% cotton /1/ A jogging suit of nylon microfibres with a cotton lining /2/ A work jacket of 65 per cent polyester and 35 per cent cotton /3/ A blouse of viscose, nylon and elastane /4/ A tablecloth of cotton /5/ A floor covering of nylon and polypropylene /6/ The present report informs in detail about methods and principles used in the environmental assessments of the six selected EDIPTEX textile products. The major part of the lifecycle is common for many textile products, e.g. energy production, production of raw materials (e.g. cultivation and harvesting cotton), certain production processes (such as dyeing polyester), washing and ironing in the use phase and incineration during disposal. Such basic data have been established during the EDIPTEX project. The EDIPTEX project has been based upon the nationally and internationally recognised environmental assessment method EDIP - "Environmental Design of Industrial Products". The project has obtained environmental data for several hundred processes "from cradle to grave" in the lifecycle of textiles. EDIPTEX environmental data and a PC tool provide the possibility for combining the lifecycle of a textile product from cradle to grave, process by process, on the computer screen through a modelling, and letting the computers calculate the equivalency impacts. EDIPTEX environmental data and the environmental assessments, which can be modelled on the basis of these data, thus represent a unique tool in connection with e.g. preparing and documenting lifecycle assessments and environmental declarations for goods. In connection with the project "Information on EDIPTEX" a leaflet has been prepared "EDIP environmental data for textiles - a survey" /7/, which gives an overview of the environmental data, so that others can use the data during environmental assessment of textiles. All data are now also available in the PC tool GaBi EDIP - the successor of the EDIP PC tool. For anumber of commonly occurring emissions (discharges) and for emissions which have been assessed in previous projects within EDIP, equivalency factors had already been established. But for a number emissions, no equivalency factors had been calculated. If these emissions were to be included in the calculations of the contribution of a product on the impact categories regarding toxicity, equivalency factors for the substances would have to be calculated, and they would have to be included in the PC tool. In the EDIPTEX case scenarios, equivalency factors for ecotoxicity and human toxicity for approx. 50 textile specific chemicals are used. Within the EDIPTEX project, equivalency factors for ecotoxicity and human toxicity have been calculated for approx. 35 different substances, which are part of the very often composite chemicals. Further, approx. 20 substances are assessed as unproblematic regarding ecotoxicity and human toxicity in discharges via wastewater treatment plants. Fate factors for the technosphere for the substances h

  20. Adaptation of Induced Fuzzy Cognitive Maps to the Problems Faced by the Power Loom Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Narayanamoorthy, S.; Kalaiselvan, S.

    2012-01-01

    The Indian textile industry has a significant presence in the economy as well as in the international textile economy. In this research Paper we study the socio economic problems faced by power loom workers in Avinashi in Tamilnadu, India, using Induced Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (IFCMs). We have interviewed 50 households in the study area using a linguistic questionnaire. As the problems faced by them at large, involved so much of feelings and uncertainties. We felt it to fit to use fuzzy theory i...

  1. Do Some Workers Have Minimum Wage Careers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrington, William J.; Fallick, Bruce C.

    2001-01-01

    Most workers who begin their careers in minimum-wage jobs eventually gain more experience and move on to higher paying jobs. However, more than 8% of workers spend at least half of their first 10 working years in minimum wage jobs. Those more likely to have minimum wage careers are less educated, minorities, women with young children, and those…

  2. Advancement in Textile Technology for Defence Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramdayal

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The early development of textiles involved use of natural materials like cotton, wool and flax. The advent of the new technology revolutionized textiles which enables to develop synthetic fibers like lycra®, a segmented polyurethane-urea, which has exceptional elastic properties, Kevlar®, which has ultra high strength properties and is used as bulletproof vest. For the improvement of personal mobility, health care and rehabilitation, it requires to integrate novel sensing and actuating functions to textiles. Fundamental challenge in the development of smart textile is that drapability and manufacturability of smart textiles should not be affected. Textile fabrics embedded with sensors, piezoelectric materials, flame retardant materials, super hydrophobic materials, controlled drug release systems and temperature adaptable materials can play major role in the development of advanced and high-tech military clothes. Advancement in the textile materials has the capacity of improving comfort, mobility and protection in diverse hostile environment. In this study, the advancement in energy harvesting textiles, controlled release textiles and engineering textiles are presented.

  3. Advancement in Textile Technology for Defence Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balasubramanian Kandasubramanian

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The early development of textiles involved use of natural materials like cotton, wool and flax. The advent of the new technology revolutionized textiles which enables to develop synthetic fibers like lycra®, a segmented polyurethane-urea, which has exceptional elastic properties, Kevlar®, which has ultra high strength properties and is used as bulletproof vest. For the improvement of personal mobility, health care and rehabilitation, it requires to integrate novel sensing and actuating functions to textiles. Fundamental challenge in the development of smart textile is that drapability and manufacturability of smart textiles should not be affected. Textile fabrics embedded with sensors, piezoelectric materials, flame retardant materials, super hydrophobic materials, controlled drug release systems and temperature adaptable materials can play major role in the development of advanced and high-tech military clothes. Advancement in the textile materials has the capacity of improving comfort, mobility and protection in diverse hostile environment. In this study, the advancement in energy harvesting textiles, controlled release textiles and engineering textiles are presented.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(3, pp.331-339, DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.14429/dsj.63.2756

  4. TEXTILE STRUCTURES FOR AERONAUTICS (PART I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOLER Miquel

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Three-dimensional (3D textile structures with better delamination resistance and damage impact tolerance to be applied in composites for structural components is one of the main goals of the aeronautical industry. Textile Research Centre in Canet de Mar has been working since 2008 in this field. Our staff has been designing, developing and producing different textile structures using different production methods and machinery to improve three-dimensional textile structures as fiber reinforcement for composites. This paper describes different tests done in our textile labs from unidirectional structures to woven, knitted or braided 3 D textile structures. Advantages and disadvantages of each textile structure are summarized. The first part of this paper deals with the introduction of our Textile Research Centre in the field of composites and carbon fiber as a main material to produce three – dimensional textile structures. The use of composite materials in aerospace structures has increased over the past decades. Our contribution related to this field consists of the development of three- dimensional textile structures and even the adaptation and improvement of machinery to do it possible. Carbon fiber provides advantages as volumetric fraction and minimum fault occurrence. However carbon fiber has also disadvantages as uncomfortable handling delamination and high cost of material and processing.

  5. Towards an Indigenous Perspective on HRM: A Study of Textile Industry of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qamar Ali

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify external and internal forces shaping HRM practices in textile industry of Pakistan. The study aimed at describing the context-specific HRM practices in textile industry. Interviews were used as a source of primary data collection. Taking Faisalabad city as a case, top HRM officials from ten respondent organizations in textile industry were interviewed. An interpretive approach to research design was adopted using ‘human as an instrument’ for data analysis. Findings suggest that due to extensive competition in last few years HR planning has received serious attention in textile industry. Countries like China, India, and Bangladesh are posing huge threats to the industry. The industry is at best dominated by family owned businesses and now the young generation, after education from abroad, is taking charge of their parents. Assumptions about workers are getting transformed. Fresh leaders are thinking different from their predecessors. However, there is a state of inertia in textile industry where young leaders have an uphill task ahead to remove the obstacles in the course of change.

  6. Mujer Mas Segura (Safer Women): a combination prevention intervention to reduce sexual and injection risks among female sex workers who inject drugs

    OpenAIRE

    Vera Alicia; Abramovitz Daniela; Lozada Remedios; Martinez Gustavo; Rangel M; Staines Hugo; Patterson Thomas L; Strathdee Steffanie A

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) are at risk of acquiring HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STI) and blood-borne infections through unprotected sex and sharing injection equipment. We conducted a 2×2 factorial randomized controlled trial to evaluate combination interventions to simultaneously reduce sexual and injection risks among FSW-IDUs in Tijuana and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. Methods/design FSW-IDUs ?18 years reporting sharing injection equipment and...

  7. Organisational Pressure on Quality-of-Worklife of Academic and Non- Academic Women Workers in Tertiary Institutions in Lagos State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Mobolaji Ogunsanya; Adebisi Olorunfemi

    2012-01-01

    An approach to motivation in the contemporary world of work is the implementation of Quality-of-Worklife (QWL) programmes, which is aimed at easing the pressures faced at work by employees. Quality-of-Worklife is a relatively new concept in human resource management. It is a philosophy of improving productivity by providing workers with the opportunities required to put in their best at work, without jeopardizing their personal self improvement and responsibilities at home. This stud...

  8. Pawaa Appu! Women Only Unions in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BROADBENT, Kaye

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Women-only unions in Japan organise women workers in a variety of ways, including across enterprises and employment status boundaries. As their appearance is recent an analysis of their development is also a new area of research. The formation of autonomous women-only unions in Japan continues a tradition of women's activism which has challenged both management and the male domination of the union movement. This article argues that the formation of women-only unions is a positive development for women workers and the broader workers' movement.

  9. Uzbekistan: Forming a cluster strategy for textile industry development

    OpenAIRE

    Dilyafruz Nasirkhodjaeva

    2010-01-01

    The article confers urgency of establishing clusters in textile industry. Particular focus is given to resource interaction among compound elements of national textile cluster. Policy recommendations targeted to development of cluster in the textile sector of Uzbekistan are provided.

  10. 16 CFR 423.6 - Textile wearing apparel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Textile wearing apparel. 423.6 Section...REGULATION RULES CARE LABELING OF TEXTILE WEARING APPAREL AND CERTAIN PIECE GOODS AS AMENDED § 423.6 Textile wearing apparel. This section...

  11. 16 CFR 303.12 - Trimmings of household textile articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Trimmings of household textile articles. 303.12 Section 303...CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT § 303.12 Trimmings of household textile articles. (a) Trimmings...

  12. Electronics in textiles – adhesive bonding technology for reliably embedding electronic modules into textile circuits

    OpenAIRE

    Krshiwoblozki, Malte Von; Linz, Torsten; Neudeck, Andreas; Kallmayer, Christine

    2013-01-01

    The interconnection of electronics and textile circuits is still a main challenge for the fabrication of reliable smart textiles. This paper investigates the thermoplastic adhesive bonding technology. Electronic modules are bonded to textile substrates with a thermoplastic nonconductive adhesive (NCA) film. The modules are placed onto textile circuits with an NCA-film inbetween. By applying pressure and heat, the adhesive melts and contact partners touch. Subsequently cooling solidifies the N...

  13. Corporate Social Responsibility In Textile Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Neha Gupta,

    2012-01-01

    The concept of social responsibility is a fairly recent one in the business world. Awareness about the social responsibility of business organizations is rapidly on the rise and firms are also accepting this concept. The textile industry is no exception. Textile producing and trading firms are also realizing their responsibility towards the society and the environment. This article aims at analyzing the concept of social responsibility and the common ways in which textile firms try to fulfill...

  14. Application of enzymes for textile fibres processing

    OpenAIRE

    Arau?jo, Rita; Casal, Margarida; Paulo, Artur Cavaco

    2008-01-01

    This review highlights the use of enzymes in the textile industry, covering both current commercial processes and research in this field. Amylases have been used for desizing since the middle of the last century. Enzymes used in detergent formulations have also been successfully used over the past 40 years. The application of cellulases for denim finishing and laccases for decolourization of textile effluents and textile bleaching are the most recent commercial advances. New developments rely...

  15. GERMAN TEXTILE RECYCLING BENCHMARKING Case I: CO

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad, Ishfaq

    2013-01-01

    technology and the recycling process is analyzed. Therefore, because of the origin of countries and total population of countries every country has its own textile recycling approaches. In order to investigate different textile recycling processes German recycling technology is the main focus in thesis to make a development plan for Finnish textile recycling. This is the part of project with the corporation of HAMK and VIIHI project, and the commissioner of this thesis is Heikki Ruohomma, hea...

  16. Biodegradation of Textile Dyes Using Fungal Isolates

    OpenAIRE

    Ashish Chauhan; Bharti Mittu; Noorpreet Inder Kaur Dhanjal; Saurabh Gupta

    2013-01-01

    The textile industries produces considerably high amount of aquatic toxicity which is discharged directly into the environment before treated properly. The waste generation volume and load produced is hazardous in nature. Thus, this study explores the role of fungal biomass against pollution due to textiles dyes as degrading agent. This study will be beneficial for treating water effluent from textile industry and will decrease the pollution form environment with advanced technology for futur...

  17. PATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF IRANIAN TEXTILE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Jalal Haghighat Monfared; Nika Vatankhah

    2013-01-01

    Although textile industry lies upon a long antecedent in Iran, it suffers these days from a critical circumstance.The reasons, from which the existing problems of textile industry originate, must be recognized otherwise, there would be no possibility to find applicable solutions. Crisis discussion in this part is not new; this industry needs to be refashioned in many domains. In this way, pathological study of textile industry emerges as a vital investigational responsibility by which all sys...

  18. Changing Pattern in World Textile Trade

    OpenAIRE

    Ayub, Mehar

    2002-01-01

    The objective of this study is to forecast the future trade patterns and to identify the determinants of exports of textile and clothing. We included top 18 leading exporting countries and zones from the textile and clothing sector. Those countries cover more than 70 percent of global exports and 60 percent of imports in textile and clothing sector. They cover 81 percent of the Gross World Product (GWP). To quantify the impacts of causal factors on imports and exports, we developed an econome...

  19. Textile antenna for 50 ohm applications

    OpenAIRE

    Robi Dahal; Demet Mercan; Lukas Vojtech; Marek Neruda

    2012-01-01

    The new generation of textile materials have the capability to conduct electricity and at the same time be wearable. There are much more applications involved if an antenna is made from parts that are totally wearable. This new property of conductivity in textile materials is used to implement the wireless functions to clothing. In general, the antennas are made of highly conductive metal with is a solid structure, which results in stable output. The challenge with textile antenna is output s...

  20. Smart Textile Reinforced Concrete Sensory Structures

    OpenAIRE

    Goldfeld, Yiska; Rabinovitch, Oded; Quadflieg, Till; Fishbain, Barak; Gries, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    This study examines and demonstrates the feasibility of a new class of smart textile reinforced concrete (TRC) structural elements with inherent sensing capabilities that are based on embedding metallic yarns in the textile mesh. The new approach combines the advantages of thin walled glass fiber based TRC with the electro-mechanical properties of the stainless steel fibers embedded in the textile matrix. To examine this concept and to demonstrate its potential feasibility, TRC beam specimens...

  1. Tuberculosis screening among Bolivian sex workers and their children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Silvia S; Paulus, Jessica K; Huang, Chi-Cheng; Newby, P K; Castellón Quiroga, Dora; Boynton-Jarrett, Renée; Antkowiak, Lara

    2015-06-01

    Bolivian sex workers were more likely than other employed women to report tuberculosis screening only if they reported HIV screening. Of all women with household tuberculosis exposure, tuberculosis screening with sex workers' mandatory HIV screenings may be a cost-efficient disease-control strategy. PMID:25922331

  2. NGO field workers in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Haroon SIDDIQUE

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available NGOs came into the society in their present form after World War II and more precisely in 1960s. Before that also different forms of philanthropy existed. Like elsewhere in the world, in Pakistan also state and the market were the two sectors catering for different needs of the people. When foreign funding started coming into the poor countries, the channel of NGOs was considered more appropriate including the fact they had roots in the society and the benefit could reach the far flung areas. NGO field workers are the real actors in the NGOs’ activities but sadly the NGOs those raise the slogans of working for the destitute do not bother to facilitate the NGO field workers. Eventually the NGO field workers are facing problems of job insecurity, poor salary structure, unhealthy working environment and even harassment especially in case of women NGO field workers in Pakistan

  3. Plasma treatment advantages for textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Sparavigna, Amelia

    2008-01-01

    The textile industry is searching for innovative production techniques to improve the product quality, as well as society requires new finishing techniques working in environmental respect. Plasma surface treatments show distinct advantages, because they are able to modify the surface properties of inert materials, sometimes with environment friendly devices. For fabrics, cold plasma treatments require the development of reliable and large systems. Such systems are now exist...

  4. Textile forwork for concrete shell

    OpenAIRE

    Adriaenssens, Sigrid; Termmerman, Niels; Laet, Lars; Guldentops, Laurent; Mollaert, Marijke

    2009-01-01

    Fabric formwork is a new application for textile membranes that provides numerous advantages and new opportunities for architecture and engineering compared to well known traditional formworks. The installation of fabric formwork requires less manual labor and has reduced material, storage, and transportation costs. But the most significant advantage of fabric moulds is the form freedom and structural performance they offer to shell design. This paper presents the state of the art of t...

  5. Electroflocculation for textile wastewater treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Cerqueira, A.; Russo, C.; Marques, M. R. C.

    2009-01-01

    This work reports on the viability of the electroflocculation (EF) process for chemical oxygen demand (COD), turbidity and color removal from a raw effluent originated from a particular textile industry related to hemp manufacture. Firstly, the following operational parameters were optimized: current density; initial pH; electrolysis time; material of the electrode (iron, aluminum or iron-aluminum); and interelectrode distance. Additionally, the effects of these parameters on specific electri...

  6. STAGE OF TEXTILE RECYCLE WASTE IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TRIPA Simona

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Aim of this article is to examine the stage of textile recycle waste in Romania. For this purpose were analyzed the main sources of textile waste from Romania (industry of manufacture of textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products, imports of textiles, clothing and footwear and imports of second hand clothing and also evolution of the quantity of textile waste in Romania. The benefits (economic and environmental of the collection and recycling of waste and the legislation on the waste management, have determined the diversification and increasing the number and the capacity of recovery and disposal of waste in Romania. We found the most textile waste in Romania was deposited in deposits onto or into land, in the proportion of 18.51%. This proportion is under the EU average of 34.03%, but is much higher than in other European country. Also, has been an increase in the number of incinerators, in the last years. With all of this, the interest in textile waste management in Romania is far from being to the level of European, where are associations who dealing with the collection and recycling of textiles and is achieved a selective collection of textile waste in the points especially designed for this thing. The information for this paper was gathered from literature, from the EUROSTAT database and INSSE database analysis and by Internet.

  7. The lives of peasant and worker women and stories of documents in the central backwoods of Pernambuco / Vida de agricultoras e histórias de documentos no Sertão Central de Pernambuco

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rosineide de L. Meira, Cordeiro; Monique, Pfau.

    Full Text Available O artigo enfoca como as mulheres agricultoras, ao terem acesso a direitos sociais, especialmente à Previdência Social, lidam com a normatização e a regulamentação dos processos de nascimento, envelhecimento e morte. O objetivo é analisar as dificuldades e as estratégias que as mulheres utilizam para [...] cumprirem as exigências legais de comprovação do trabalho na agricultura familiar através de documentos civis e profissionais. A pesquisa foi realizada nos municípios de Santa Cruz da Baixa Verde e Triunfo, situados no Sertão de Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil. A ausência de documentos é reveladora dos parâmetros de modernidade instaurados no país e deve ser entendida à luz das intersecções de gênero, classe, raça, etnia e critérios geopolíticos. Abstract in english The article focuses on how peasant and worker women deal with norms and rules about birth, ageing and death, in the process of getting access to social rights, especially to Social Security. Our aim is to analyze difficulties and strategies used by women in order to comply with the legal demands of [...] proof of work experience in family farming through civil and professional documents. Research was undertaken in the municipalities of Santa Cruz da Baixa Verde and Triunfo, in the Pernambuco Sertão in Northeast Brazil. Informants' lack of documents is revealing of the ways in which the parameters of modernity have been established within the nation. Thus, we see that the issue is intrinsically related to gender, class, race, ethnicity and geopolitical criteria.

  8. Vida de agricultoras e histórias de documentos no Sertão Central de Pernambuco / Lives of peasant and worker women and stories of documents in the South Central Sertão of Pernambuco

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rosineide de L. Meira, Cordeiro.

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo enfoca como as mulheres agricultoras, ao terem acesso a direitos sociais, especialmente à Previdência Social, lidam com a normatização e a regulamentação dos processos de nascimento, envelhecimento e morte. O objetivo é analisar as dificuldades e as estratégias que as mulheres utilizam para [...] cumprirem as exigências legais de comprovação do trabalho na agricultura familiar através de documentos civis e profissionais. A pesquisa foi realizada nos municípios de Santa Cruz da Baixa Verde e Triunfo, situados no Sertão de Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil. A ausência de documentos é reveladora dos parâmetros de modernidade instaurados no país e deve ser entendida à luz das intersecções de gênero, classe, raça, etnia e critérios geopolíticos. Abstract in english The article focuses on how peasant and worker women deal with norms and rules about birth, ageing and death, in the process of getting access to social rights, especially to Social Security. The aim is to analyze difficulties and strategies used by women in order to comply with the legal demands of [...] proof of work experience in family farming by way of civil and professional documents. Research was undertaken in the municipalities of Santa Cruz da Baixa Verde and Triunfo, in the Pernambuco Sertão in Northeast Brazil. The absence of documents reveals how parameters of modernity are installed in the nation, understanding them as necessarily related to gender, class, race, ethnicity and geopolitical criteria.

  9. Textile production in Quartier Mu

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cutler, Joanne; Andersson Strand, Eva Birgitta

    2013-01-01

      The most common archaeological evidence for weaving in the Aegean is the presence of loom weights, which indicate the use of the warp-weighted loom.  A wide variety of loom weight shapes have been recorded. In the past, this diversity has generally been explained in terms of cultural, geographical and chronological factors.  In contrast, recent research has considered some aspects of shape as an expression of loom weight function. This new approach, which draws on experimental archaeology, has made it possible to render textile craft visible, even if the textiles themselves are not preserved (Mårtensson et al. 2009). It is this approach that has been adopted in the following analysis of the loom weights from Quartier Mu. The chapter divided into four parts. The first part gives an outline of general textile techniques and presents the methodology. The second part consists of an overview of the Quartier Mu loom weights, whilst the third part focuses on their contexts. The results of the analysis are discussed in the fourth and final part.

  10. THE COMPETITIVENESS OF TEXTILE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PRUNEA ANA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The role of this paper is to highlight the position of the European players in the textile market and the challenges to which they are subjected. In this paper are presented ways, taking the „diamond" model of M. Porter and are adapted to the situation of the textile market. These adaptations have outlined the main existing problems and the possible solutions that can ensure the long-term competitive advantage. Gaining a competitive advantage based on innovation, the development of production and outsourcing strategies using the "diamond" model of M. Porter, we can say that is one of the viable solutions for gaining competitive advantages necessary for proper European companies to face competition from countries outside Europe. As developing countries do not meet certain environmental standards or norms of European law, but in terms of product innovation and development of new materials, they do not have the necessity for technology. We conducted an analysis of the factors that play a key role in the production of textiles, representing how they are used in the favor of European companies such investments to be supplemented can be found in how these factors act on the total costs.

  11. Mutagenicity of textile dye products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Klaus; Hafner, Christoph; Jäger, Ismene

    2004-01-01

    Within an EU-funded research project, 281 textile dye products in use at nine textile finishing companies from eight European countries were assessed for potential mutagenic properties. Most of the dyes belonged to the so-called existing substances. Data sources considered were data published in the literature, unpublished industrial data provided by dye producing companies, and laboratory testing. Data on mutagenicity are virtually absent for many of the dyes. Unpublished test results performed on behalf of the dye manufacturing industry proved to be an important data source that is not accessible under usual circumstances. Four dye stuffs contained in seven dye products in use at the textile finishing companies were judged to be mutagenic, based on published data from the literature. Mutagenicity testing using Salmonella typhimurium, strains TA98 and TA100, revealed positive results for about 28% (15 out of 53) of the dye products investigated. Upon further testing with the mouse lymphoma assay (L5178Y/TK(+/-)) 67% (6 out of 9) of Ames-positive dyes proved to be mutagenic in this mammalian cell test. All data sources combined led to an overall assessment of 14 dye products out of 281 being mutagenic. For 16 there is a suspicion of mutagenicity due to positive responses in one test but 71 of the dye products are without any data on mutagenicity. This paper describes the data aggregation process, evaluation criteria and the overall assessment, and exemplifies controversial evaluations. PMID:15052602

  12. Workers’ Conformism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay Ivantchev

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Conformism was studied among 46 workers with different kinds of occupations by means of two modified scales measuring conformity by Santor, Messervey, and Kusumakar (2000 – scale for perceived peer pressure and scale for conformism in antisocial situations. The hypothesis of the study that workers’ conformism is expressed in a medium degree was confirmed partly. More than a half of the workers conform in a medium degree for taking risk, and for the use of alcohol and drugs, and for sexual relationships. More than a half of the respondents conform in a small degree for anti-social activities (like a theft. The workers were more inclined to conform for risk taking (10.9%, then – for the use of alcohol, drugs and for sexual relationships (8.7%, and in the lowest degree – for anti-social activities (6.5%. The workers who were inclined for the use of alcohol and drugs tended also to conform for anti-social activities.

  13. Potentialities of interior textile membrane partition walls

    OpenAIRE

    Macieira, Mo?nica; Mendonc?a, Paulo

    2012-01-01

    The research of new architectural textile membrane materials allows extending its possibilities to interior partitions in order to fulfil contemporary demands of comfort. This paper pretends to present the state of the art of textile membranes application in interior partition walls and the potentialities of Polymers and natural fibres used in these building elements

  14. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION CONTROL: TEXTILE PROCESSING INDUSTRY

    Science.gov (United States)

    This manual contains information relating to the design of air, water and solids pollution abatement systems for the textile industry. It is intended for use by process design engineers, consultants, and engineering companies active in the design or upgrading of textile waste tre...

  15. Problem Based Learning in Constructed Textile Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayer, Kate; Wilson, Jacquie; Challis, Simon

    2006-01-01

    Staff observing undergraduate students enrolled on the BSc Hons Textile Design and Design Management programme in The School of Materials, The University of Manchester, identified difficulties with knowledge retention in the area of constructed textile design. Consequently an experimental pilot was carried out in seamless knitwear design using a…

  16. Math for Textile Technicians. Workforce 2000 Partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enterprise State Junior Coll., AL.

    This curriculum package on math for textile technicians has been developed by the Workforce 2000 Partnership, a network of industries and educational institutions provides training in communication, computation, and creative thinking to employees and supervisors in textile, apparel, and carpet industries at 15 plants in Alabama, Georgia, and South…

  17. Multi-Layer E-Textile Circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunne, Lucy E.; Bibeau, Kaila; Mulligan, Lucie; Frith, Ashton; Simon, Cory

    2012-01-01

    Stitched e-textile circuits facilitate wearable, flexible, comfortable wearable technology. However, while stitched methods of e-textile circuits are common, multi-layer circuit creation remains a challenge. Here, we present methods of stitched multi-layer circuit creation using accessible tools and techniques.

  18. Potential source of asbestos in non-asbestos textile manufacturing company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Il Je; Choi, Jeong Keun; Kang, Seong-Kyu; Chang, Hee Kyung; Chung, Yong Hyun; Han, Jeong Hee; Song, Kyung Seuk; Lee, Yong Mook; Chung, Ho Keun

    2002-04-01

    Recently, a worker with lung carcinoma and a metastatic brain tumor was diagnosed as having a work-related disease. He had been employed in a non-asbestos textile company for 25 years. Consequently, to identify and explore possible causative agents for lung cancer in a non-asbestos textile manufacturing company and establish a causal relationship between exposure and lung cancer, an epidemiological investigative study was conducted and the work processes the worker was engaged in were examined. Air samples were taken from the workplace and during the drilling processes, and a suspected causative material was analyzed. The study revealed that the subject had been employed in the non-asbestos textile manufacturing company for 25 years from 1973 and his responsibilities included repairing spinning machines. In particular, the subject was involved in drilling B-bushings that were used to protect against gear abrasion in the spinning machines. An analysis of the B-bushings using a transmission electron microscope equipped with an energy dispersive X-ray analyzer indicated that they contained crocidolite asbestos fibers. Air samples obtained when drilling the B-bushings clearly indicated that the subject had most likely been exposed to crocidolite fibers when installing the B-bushings in the spinning machines. The frequency and duration of the work suggested that there would be a sufficient degree of exposure to crocidolite fibers to cause lung cancer. Except for smoking and asbestos exposure, no other chemical exposure was suspected for developing lung cancer in the workplace. Smoking appeared to be more of a potentiating risk factor in conjunction with the asbestos exposure. Accordingly, this case may provide significant evidence in identifying the cause of the mesothelioma or lung carcinoma found among workers in non-asbestos textile manufacturing companies elsewhere. PMID:12046952

  19. Textile Antenna for 50 ohm Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robi Dahal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The new generation of textile materials have the capability to conduct electricity and at the same time be wearable. There are much more applications involved if an antenna is made from parts that are totally wearable. This new property of conductivity in textile materials is used to implement the wireless functions to clothing. In general, the antennas are made of highly conductive metal with is a solid structure, which results in stable output. The challenge with textile antenna is output stability which is given by pure textile material of the radiating element, dielectric material and also ground, which can be can be folded and twisted. The paper presents the design and fabricated output results of the textile antenna which is used for the 50 ohm system (as GPS or WLAN at 2,45 GHz.

  20. How to motivate assembly line workers

    OpenAIRE

    Saitovic, Maja; Jusufi, Valdete

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of our master thesis was to investigate what motivates assembly line workers performing low-skill jobs in a small industrial laundry business. We wanted to see what fac-tors determine and influence their motivation to work and if and how this motivation can be improved with respect to assembly line systems in general. The method of our investiga-tion was qualitative in nature, where we studied one firm that leases clean bed clothes and textiles to hotels and restaurants around Swe...

  1. The Almuñecar aquarium textile roof

    OpenAIRE

    Llorens Duran, Josep Ignasi

    2010-01-01

    The Almuñecar Aquarium is a 3000 m2 underground installation that shows Mediterranean fauna on two levels below the Kuwait Square next to the market and near the City Hall of the andalusian town of Almuñécar (Spain). The Aquarium emerges to the surface by means of its control building, staircase and lift, all arranged around an open courtyard. We designed a textile roof in order to protect this courtyard from direct sunshine and rain. As the only part of the building that shows above is th...

  2. LACTOSE TO NATURALIZE TEXTILE DYES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalal Isaad

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Many natural dyes, for example carminic acid, are soluble in water. We present a simple strategy to naturalize synthetic azadyes through their linkage with lactose to induce their water solubility. The dyeing process of textile fibres then becomes possible in water without additives such as surfactants and mordants, which result in products that are difficult to eliminate. Glyco-azadyes (GADs we are presenting here are obtained through a diether linker to bond the azadye and the sugar. Tinctorial tests were carried out with fabrics containing wool, polyester, cotton, nylon, and acetate. GADs were found to be multipurpose and capable of dyeing many fabrics efficiently under mild conditions.

  3. Application of membrane technologies for the treatment of textile wastewater and synthetic textile dyes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Textile industry is characterized by using a great variety of chemicals and by large water consumption. In this way, textile effluents contains many types of dyes, detergents, solvents and salts depending on the particular textile mill processes (dyeing, printing, finishing...) and on the raw matter. For those reasons, textile industry is one of the main sources of industrial pollution, producing effluents discharges characterized by high conductivities and chemical oxygen demand (COD) values and strong colour. Process selection and operating conditions are important issues to optimize technically and economically the textile effluent treatment. This work presents the results of the laboratory-scale membrane experiments of textile industry effluents and synthetic textile dyes. Different types of Ultrafiltration (UF) and Nano filtration (NF) membranes were evaluated for permeate flux and their suitability in separating COD, colour, conductivity. Experiments demonstrated that membrane treatment is a very promising advanced treatment option for pollution control for textile industry effluents. The results of this work show that the direct ultrafiltration seems to be a realistic method in the pretreatment of the textile wastewater. In fact, NF process was successfully used to improve permeate quality of synthetic dyeing textile wastewater, but this process presented some limitations in the treatment of textile industry effluents because of membrane fouling problems. So, tecause of membrane fouling problems. So, this process requires an efficient and appropriate technique such as ultrafiltration as a pre-treatment step for textile wastewater reuse. For direct nano filtration of synthetic textile dyes aqueous solutions, with a weak salt concentration (500 ppm), good results were obtained. More than 95 pour cent of color was removed from the treated water accompanied with a reduction of 92 pour cent of conductivity and COD. Based on the experiments; NF membranes are suitable for producing permeate of reusable quality.

  4. Viewpoints About Potential Stimulation And Possibilities Of Investments On Textile Industry Uzbekistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakhrukh Madjidov

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Uzbek light industry, in particular, the textile sector is one of the strategically  important  and dynamic  sectors of  the national economy. Textile industry of Uzbekistan possesses high  ranks in the sectors directed to exportation, therefore it contains wide specter of export ranging from thread up to ready­made product (made of stockinet, sewing, silk and carpet cloth.  Contemporarily textile industry gains the fifth rank in the gross domestic product contribution and a third of all the workers in the field of industry is occupied in textile. Uzbek light industry still has significant untapped investment potential, all the conditions for  the further rapid growth. Necessary to  increase the production of  goods for  the domestic market to meet the growing needs of the population. This requires investment in  projects for  the production of finished cotton fabrics, blended fabrics, silk fabrics, garments and knitwear for  the establishment of mobile industries with mandatory formation in their composition structures, responsible for design, marketing, quick  changeovers production with fashion and demand.In the foreseeable future for the light industry remains a key role  in  the development  of  industrial  production  in  the country. Experts believe that more needs to  be done to develop the significant potential that lies in the light industry of the country.

  5. Instruídas e trabalhadeiras trabalho feminino no final do século XX / Educated and earnest workers: women's work at the end of the 20th century

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cristina, Bruschini; Maria Rosa, Lombardi.

    Full Text Available Com base em informações oficiais do IBGE/Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, do MTE/Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego e do MEC/Ministério da Educação e Cultura, o texto mostra a consolidação do acesso das mulheres ao mercado de trabalho na década de noventa e sua manutenção no mercado in [...] formal e formal, apesar das crises econômicas da década. Com ênfase na escolaridade, o artigo revela que a escolaridade feminina supera a masculina a partir do 2º grau, as jovens concluem os cursos técnicos e profissionais, assim como o ensino médio, em maior número do que os rapazes e constituem cerca de 60% dos que cursam o superior. Contudo, as moças concentram-se em algumas áreas do conhecimento - artes, humanas, biológicas e saúde - que as qualificam para ocupar posteriormente, no mercado de trabalho, os chamados guetos profissionais femininos. Abstract in english Based on official data provided by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), by the Ministry of Labor and Employment, and by the Ministry of Education and Culture, this text shows the consolidation of women's access to the labor market during the 90's. It also shows that their pres [...] ence remained unchanged, both in the formal and in the informal market in spite of the economic crisis of that decade. Emphasizing the schooling level, the article reveals that after elementary school, girls tend to conclude technical and professional courses, as well as achieve high school degrees, in a higher number than boys. Young women account for 60% of college students. However, young girls concentrate their preference in some areas of knowledge such as Humanities, Social Sciences, Arts, Biological Sciences and Health. Therefore, they end up as skilled professionals in the so-called ghettos of female laborforce.

  6. Instruídas e trabalhadeiras trabalho feminino no final do século XX Educated and earnest workers: women's work at the end of the 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Bruschini

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Com base em informações oficiais do IBGE/Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, do MTE/Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego e do MEC/Ministério da Educação e Cultura, o texto mostra a consolidação do acesso das mulheres ao mercado de trabalho na década de noventa e sua manutenção no mercado informal e formal, apesar das crises econômicas da década. Com ênfase na escolaridade, o artigo revela que a escolaridade feminina supera a masculina a partir do 2º grau, as jovens concluem os cursos técnicos e profissionais, assim como o ensino médio, em maior número do que os rapazes e constituem cerca de 60% dos que cursam o superior. Contudo, as moças concentram-se em algumas áreas do conhecimento - artes, humanas, biológicas e saúde - que as qualificam para ocupar posteriormente, no mercado de trabalho, os chamados guetos profissionais femininos.Based on official data provided by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, by the Ministry of Labor and Employment, and by the Ministry of Education and Culture, this text shows the consolidation of women's access to the labor market during the 90's. It also shows that their presence remained unchanged, both in the formal and in the informal market in spite of the economic crisis of that decade. Emphasizing the schooling level, the article reveals that after elementary school, girls tend to conclude technical and professional courses, as well as achieve high school degrees, in a higher number than boys. Young women account for 60% of college students. However, young girls concentrate their preference in some areas of knowledge such as Humanities, Social Sciences, Arts, Biological Sciences and Health. Therefore, they end up as skilled professionals in the so-called ghettos of female laborforce.

  7. “ECO-FRIENDLY TEXTILES: A NEED OF TODAY AND TOMMOROW

    OpenAIRE

    Dudhedia, Amruta S.; Bhor, J. R.

    2012-01-01

    Food, clothing and shelter are the primary needs of human being. Today in clothing ,textile industry is playing important role. Textile industry is second largest employer after agriculture. In modern world,consumer are now aware of many things especially eco-friendly textile. Their demand for eco-friendly textile is also related with quality, quantity ,price. For this Government ,Production dept of textile, Manager and also Consumers are playing important role .There are ill effects on healt...

  8. Nettle as a distinct Bronze Age textile plant

    OpenAIRE

    Bergfjord, C.; Mannering, U.; Frei, K. M.; Gleba, M.; Nosch, M. L.; Scarft, A. B.; Skals, I.; Heinemeier, J.; Holst, B.; Bergfjord; C 010054531; Mannering; U.; Frei; K. M.

    2012-01-01

    It is generally assumed that the production of plant fibre textiles in ancient Europe, especially woven textiles for clothing, was closely linked to the development of agriculture through the use of cultivated textile plants (flax, hemp). Here we present a new investigation of the 2800 year old Lusehøj Bronze Age Textile from Voldtofte, Denmark, which challenges this assumption. We show that the textile is made of imported nettle, most probably from the Kärnten-Steiermark region, an area wh...

  9. Under the New Situation of the Textile Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Wenzhuan Sun; Junying Tian

    2009-01-01

    China's entry into the WTO, all the textiles with the formal abolition of restrictions on Chinese textile and garment industry entered the free trade era, the increasingly fierce international competition, but also brought unprecedented opportunities to the Chinese textile and apparel industry. China's textile and garment industry required in this particular under the new situation to meet the challenges and seize the opportunity to be successful. Under the new situation China's textile and g...

  10. Stretchable, porous, and conductive energy textiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Liangbing; Pasta, Mauro; Mantia, Fabio La; Cui, Lifeng; Jeong, Sangmoo; Deshazer, Heather Dawn; Choi, Jang Wook; Han, Seung Min; Cui, Yi

    2010-02-10

    Recently there is strong interest in lightweight, flexible, and wearable electronics to meet the technological demands of modern society. Integrated energy storage devices of this type are a key area that is still significantly underdeveloped. Here, we describe wearable power devices using everyday textiles as the platform. With an extremely simple "dipping and drying" process using single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) ink, we produced highly conductive textiles with conductivity of 125 S cm(-1) and sheet resistance less than 1 Omega/sq. Such conductive textiles show outstanding flexibility and stretchability and demonstrate strong adhesion between the SWNTs and the textiles of interest. Supercapacitors made from these conductive textiles show high areal capacitance, up to 0.48F/cm(2), and high specific energy. We demonstrate the loading of pseudocapacitor materials into these conductive textiles that leads to a 24-fold increase of the areal capacitance of the device. These highly conductive textiles can provide new design opportunities for wearable electronics and energy storage applications. PMID:20050691

  11. Development of Textile Industrial Clusters in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Shahzad Iqbal

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This research investigates the textile industry clusters in Pakistan. A cross sectional data were collected from 30 textile industries by using simple random technique and data were analysis by using E-Views software. Structural questionnaire was the basic tool for measures the performance of textile clusters in Pakistan. It was revealed that the industry is in urgent need of financial and technological investments. However, according to recent official figures, the Pakistan textile industry contributes more than 60% to the country’s total exports, which amounts to around 5.2 billion US dollars. The manufacturing sector contributes to around half of the total exports and textile sector contributes around 46% of the manufacturing sector’s contribution. The negative growth of 2.6 % declining from $ 16.4 billion last year to $ 16.0 billion in July-April 2008-09. Ministry of Textile Industry should launch and endorse the development of cluster-based textiles vision. It further revealed that Government should emphasis on increase Efficiency and Productivity with the help of research and development department and identifies key areas for process.

  12. STRATEGIES FOR SHAOXING TEXTILE COMPANIES IN ECONOMIC CRISIS. CASE STUDY: BOLA TEXTILE COMPANY

    OpenAIRE

    Hu, Qing

    2010-01-01

    During the last decades, China witnesses the fastest growth in World’s economy, and has played the significant role, but in 2008, because of the global crisis, international market shrank dramatically. In this crisis, Shaoxing, located in the Yangtze River delta and the main area dealing with textile manufacturing and processing, got severe influence in the textile industry. Because of that, the recession on the international market results in the heavy burden to Shaoxing textile and garmen...

  13. Advances in textile sensing and actuation for e-textile applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradiso, Rita; De Rossi, Danilo

    2008-01-01

    SMART fabrics and interactive textiles (SFIT) are conceived as innovative textile structure integrating sensing, actuation, electronic, and power and/or communication functions. Due to their multifunctional interactivity, enabled by wearable devices that are flexible and conformable to the human body, e-textiles are considered relevant promoters of a higher quality of life and progress in biomedicine, as well as in several health-focused disciplines, such as biomonitoring, rehabilitation, telemedicine, teleassistance, ergonomics and sport medicine. PMID:19163496

  14. Indian textile industry: sea of potential opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Nakkeeran, Senthilkumar; Pugalendhi, Subburethina Bharathi

    2010-01-01

    India’s share of the global textile industry is expected to grow from 4% to 7% by 2011-12 and the share of apparel in the export basket is expected to increase from 48% to 60%. A Vision 2010 for textiles formulated by the government after exhaustive interaction with the industry and Export Promotion Councils to capitalize on the positive atmosphere aims to increase India's share in world's textile trade from the current 4% to 8% by 2010 and to achieve export value of US $ 50 billion in 201...

  15. Textile Architecture : How to Dress Buildings Up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heimdal, Elisabeth Jacobsen

    Textiles can be used as building skins, adding new aesthetic and functional qualities to architecture. Just like we as humans can put on a coat, buildings can also get dressed. Depending on our mood, or on the weather, we can change coat, and so can the building. But the idea of using textiles to create human habitation is not new. As Diether S. Hope phrases it, referring to tents: The history of development of humanity would be barely conceivable without free spanning textile membrane structures.

  16. Application of cyclodextrins in textile processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cyclodextrins (CDs) are water soluble cyclic sugars with a hydrophobic nanometric cavity that permits the formation of host/guest inclusion complexes with a large variety of molecules, alternating their physical-chemical properties. In the present review CD research related to the processing of textiles is revised and discussed. CDs may function as encapsulating, dispersing and levelling agents in the dyeing and washing of textiles. Furthermore they may be anchored to polymers and textile fibers in order to impart special properties such as odor reduction, UV protection or for the controlled release of perfumes, aromas, mosquito repellents or substances with therapeutical effects. (author)

  17. Handbook of Analytical Methods for Textile Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Brian N.; Flanagan, Gerry

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this handbook is to introduce models and computer codes for predicting the properties of textile composites. The handbook includes several models for predicting the stress-strain response all the way to ultimate failure; methods for assessing work of fracture and notch sensitivity; and design rules for avoiding certain critical mechanisms of failure, such as delamination, by proper textile design. The following textiles received some treatment: 2D woven, braided, and knitted/stitched laminates and 3D interlock weaves, and braids.

  18. Mechanics of Textile Composites Conference. Part 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poe, Clarence C., Jr. (Editor); Harris, Charles E. (Editor)

    1995-01-01

    This document is a compilation of papers presented at the Mechanics of Textile Composites Conference in Hampton, Virginia, December 6-8, 1994. This conference was the culmination of a 3-year program that was initiated by NASA late in 1990 to develop mechanics of textile composites in support of the NASA Advanced Composites Technology Program (ACT). The goal of the program was to develop mathematical models of textile preform materials and test methods to facilitate structural analysis and design. Participants in the program were from NASA, academia, and industry.

  19. Determination of some Nutritional Habits and Healthy Life- Style Behaviours of Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Gülendam Karadag; Hatice Serap Koçak; Neriman Aydin; Serap Parlar Kiliç; Seval Kul

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The lifestyle indicators that traditionally have been associated with a lesser quality of life a diet rich in fat and low in fruit and vegetables.Methods: This cross-sectional was conducted determining some nutritional habits and healthy life-style behaviours of workers working at a textile factory in the Southeastern Anatolia Region with 276 workers. A questionnaire form and Healthy Life-Style Behaviours Scale were used for collecting data. Analysis of the data was using percentag...

  20. Partners in Progress. A Monograph on the Worker Education Program of Northeastern Illinois University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estes, Florence

    The Worker Education Program (WEP) of Northeastern Illinois University (NIU) is a partnership among NIU; the Union of Needle Trades, Industrial, and Textile Employees (UNITE); and companies whose employees are represented by UNITE. Now in its fourth year, the WEP operates in 13 diverse types of workplaces in three states: Illinois, Ohio, and…

  1. Electroflocculation for textile wastewater treatment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A., Cerqueira; C., Russo; M. R. C., Marques.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This work reports on the viability of the electroflocculation (EF) process for chemical oxygen demand (COD), turbidity and color removal from a raw effluent originated from a particular textile industry related to hemp manufacture. Firstly, the following operational parameters were optimized: curren [...] t density; initial pH; electrolysis time; material of the electrode (iron, aluminum or iron-aluminum); and interelectrode distance. Additionally, the effects of these parameters on specific electrical energy consumption (SEEC) were studied under the optimum conditions. The best removal efficiencies obtained were 93% for color, 99% for turbidity and up to 87% for COD using an aluminum electrode, the initial pH was 5, the cell time operation was 30 min and current density was 15 A/m². These results indicate that, under the studied operational conditions, electroflocculation of these efluents may constitute a viable alternative for COD, turbidity and color removal.

  2. Total design for textile products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zafirova Koleta

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Product development is less than 20-30 years old and a relatively new area of research compared to the other classic academic disciplines. Integrated product development is a philosophy that systematically employs the teaming of functional disciplines to integrate and concurrently apple all the necessary processes to produce an effective and efficient product that satisfies customer needs. Product development might also be understood as a multidisciplinary field of research. The disciplines directly participating in product development include engineering design, innovation, manufacturing, marketing and management. A background contribution is also generated by disciplines such as psychology, social sciences and information technology. This article is an overview that introduces this philosophy to textile product development.

  3. Geometrical modelling of textile reinforcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastore, Christopher M.; Birger, Alexander B.; Clyburn, Eugene

    1995-01-01

    The mechanical properties of textile composites are dictated by the arrangement of yarns contained with the material. Thus to develop a comprehensive understanding of the performance of these materials, it is necessary to develop a geometrical model of the fabric structure. This task is quite complex, as the fabric is made form highly flexible yarn systems which experience a certain degree of compressability. Furthermore there are tremendous forces acting on the fabric during densification typically resulting in yarn displacement and misorientation. The objective of this work is to develop a methodology for characterizing the geometry of yarns within a fabric structure including experimental techniques for evaluating these models. Furthermore, some applications of these geometric results to mechanical prediction models are demonstrated. Although more costly than its predecessors, the present analysis is based on the detailed architecture developed by one of the authors and his colleagues and accounts for many of the geometric complexities that other analyses ignore.

  4. Allergic contact dermatitis induced by textile necklace

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nygaard, Uffe; Kralund, Henrik HØjgrav

    2013-01-01

    Allergic contact dermatitis to textile dyes is considered to be a rare phenomenon. A recent review reported a prevalence of contact allergy to disperse dyes between 0.4 and 6.7%. The relevance of positive patch testing was not reported in all studies. Textile dye allergy is easily overlooked and is furthermore challenging to investigate as textile dyes are not labelled on clothing. In this report, we present a case of allergic contact dermatitis to a textile necklace. The patch test showed strong reactions to the necklace and the azo dyes Disperse Orange 1 and Disperse Yellow 3. Despite the European legislation and the reduced use of disperse dyes in Third World countries, disperse azo dyes still induce new cases of allergic contact dermatitis.

  5. Patterns of Change: Transitions in Hmong Textile Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldine Craig

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In traditional Hmong life, women produced complex textiles as markers of clan identity and cultural values. Paj ntaub (flower cloth, created by embroidery, appliqué, reverse appliqué, and indigo batik (among the Blue or Green Hmong, were primary transmitters of Hmong culture from one generation to the next over centuries. Clothing, funeral and courtship cloths, baby carriers and hats were designed with traditionally geometric, abstract patterns Hmong could understand as a shared visual language within an oral culture.This photo essay introduces the author’s twenty-five year fascination with paj ntaub and documents a trip to Laos and northern Thailand in November/December 2009 to discover whether story cloths were being produced in Hmong villages in Laos or if story cloths remain a product of refugees only. The researcher also hoped tolearn whether traditional Hmong clothing is still produced and worn in the Laos, to observe how Hmong textiles are made and consumed for a tourist market, and to discover possible sources for the dramatic shift in paj ntaub visual language from symbolic abstraction to pictorial representation.

  6. Innovation in the Canadian textile industry

    OpenAIRE

    Sona Kollarova; Ajax Persaud

    2013-01-01

    This paper provides a descriptive analysis of the innovation and business strategies of Canadian textile firms. The results show that the textile industry is in a state of decline due mainly to competitive pressures resulting from economic and regulatory changes. The results also show that while the industry recognizes the need for innovation, the current strategies and practices do not seem to be aligned to their strategic goals of fostering innovation.

  7. Textile systems on lambda-graph systems

    OpenAIRE

    Matsumoto, Kengo

    2006-01-01

    The notions of symbolic matrix system and $\\lambda$-graph system for a subshift are generalizations of symbolic matrix and $\\lambda$-graph (= finite symbolic matrix) for a sofic shift respectively ([Doc. Math. 4(1999), 285-340]). M. Nasu introduced the notion of textile system for a pair of graph homomorphisms to study automorphisms and endomorphisms of topological Markov shifts ([Mem. Amer. Math. Soc. 546,114(1995)]). In this paper, we formulate textile systems on $\\lambda$...

  8. DATABASE ON BIOCIDES FOR TEXTILE PROTECTION

    OpenAIRE

    Claudia Roman; Rodica Diaconescu; Luminita Scripcariu; Aurelia Grigoriu

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, the desire to control bacteria, fungi, mold, algae and eliminate some human healthproblems, damage, stains, smells, a number of materials that have been antimicrobially modified increasedconsiderably. Biocides are used to maintain textiles in good hygienic conditions to avoid formation of mold andtheir deterioration. This paper aims to provide an analysis tool for the most common biocides used in textile industry for the protection materials. We designed and developed a datab...

  9. Development Strategy for a Textile Firm

    OpenAIRE

    Luu Trong Tuan

    2012-01-01

    The researched firm is a state-owned company of more than forty years of operation and is one of pioneer companies providing textile and garment to Vietnam market. Its vision is to be the sustainable multidisciplinary firm which operates in three main areas: textile and gament industry, travel – real estate and financial investment in global market. After more than forty years of operation in the market, company has obtained some recognized results but these are still low and do not meet co...

  10. Innovation in the Canadian textile industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sona Kollarova

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a descriptive analysis of the innovation and business strategies of Canadian textile firms. The results show that the textile industry is in a state of decline due mainly to competitive pressures resulting from economic and regulatory changes. The results also show that while the industry recognizes the need for innovation, the current strategies and practices do not seem to be aligned to their strategic goals of fostering innovation.

  11. Radium dial workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The population of radium dial workers who were exposed to radium 30 to 50 years ago are currently being followed by the Center for Human Radiobiology at the Argonne National Laboratory. It is not clear that radium has induced additional malignancies in this population, other than the well-known bone sarcomas and head carcinomas, but elevated incidence rates for multiple myeloma and cancers of the colon, rectum, stomach, and breast suggest that radium might be involved. Continued follow-up of this population may resolve these questions. Finally, the question of the effect of fetal irradiation on the offspring of these women remains to be resolved. No evidence exists to suggest that any effects have occurred, but there is no question that a chronic irradiation of the developing fetus did take place. No formal follow-up of these children has yet been initiated

  12. Resource Communication Technology and Marketing of Textile Products: A U.S. Textile Industry Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baah, Anthony

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the qualitative positivistic case study was to explore whether resource communication technology has helped or would help the marketing of textile products in the U.S. textile industry. The contributions of human capital in the marketing department, the marketing-demand information system function, and the product supply chain…

  13. Whole Cloth: Discovering Science and Technology Through American Textile History

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) has released three units of an eight-unit interdisciplinary curriculum that examines "the history of textiles, the technology and science of production, and their consumption" for American history or social studies courses in middle and high school. Included among the goals for this curriculum is a "hope that teachers and students will learn more about technology and invention, about American history, and about how women and people of color interacted with technology throughout history." Each unit contains hands-on activities and handouts for students, lesson plans and notes for teachers, glossaries, and bibliographies. The development of this curriculum was supported by the National Science Foundation, the Jerome and Dorothy Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, and the Center for Children and Technology.

  14. A generic approach to haptic modeling of textile artifacts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shidanshidi, H.; Naghdy, F.; Naghdy, G.; Wood Conroy, D.

    2009-08-01

    Haptic Modeling of textile has attracted significant interest over the last decade. In spite of extensive research, no generic system has been proposed. The previous work mainly assumes that textile has a 2D planar structure. They also require time-consuming measurement of textile properties in construction of the mechanical model. A novel approach for haptic modeling of textile is proposed to overcome the existing shortcomings. The method is generic, assumes a 3D structure for the textile, and deploys computational intelligence to estimate the mechanical properties of textile. The approach is designed primarily for display of textile artifacts in museums. The haptic model is constructed by superimposing the mechanical model of textile over its geometrical model. Digital image processing is applied to the still image of textile to identify its pattern and structure through a fuzzy rule-base algorithm. The 3D geometric model of the artifact is automatically generated in VRML based on the identified pattern and structure obtained from the textile image. Selected mechanical properties of the textile are estimated by an artificial neural network; deploying the textile geometric characteristics and yarn properties as inputs. The estimated mechanical properties are then deployed in the construction of the textile mechanical model. The proposed system is introduced and the developed algorithms are described. The validation of method indicates the feasibility of the approach and its superiority to other haptic modeling algorithms.

  15. Unexpected radiation hazard in dyes of textiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel Ghany, Hayam A; Ibrahim, Eman M

    2014-01-01

    Textile dyes are among the most problematic pollutants because of their toxicity on several organisms and ecosystems. Many of the chemicals used in the textile industry may represent some health concerns. The determination of the radioactivity in textile dyes is therefore very important for both human health and environment. The study was designated to determine, for the first time, the values of (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K in nine different dyes employed in the textile industry using gamma spectrometry with a Hyper Pure Germanium (HPGe) detector. The mean activity concentrations of (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K were 29.37?±?4.48, 1.15?±?0.13 and 565?±?4 Bq/kg, respectively. The calculated radium equivalents for all samples were lower than the maximum admissible value (370 Bq/kg). The absorbed dose rates due to the natural radioactivity of the investigated samples ranged from 2.94?±?0.05 to 166?±?3 nGy/h. So, the absorbed dose rates for all samples of textile dyes were lower than the international recommended value (55 nGy/h) except the yellow dye (166?±?3 nGy/h), which recorded a significant radiological hazard. The external hazard index was also calculated. Conclusively, the results have indicated that the textile dyes may possess a measurable amount of radioactivity that should be taken into account. Therefore, safety rules and precautions should be applied for dyes used in the textile industry and for people working in this field. PMID:25322918

  16. Karen Mirsky- Director of PACE (Providing Alternative and Counseling Education for Survival Sex Workers in Vancouver).

    OpenAIRE

    Harrison, Donny

    2012-01-01

    Karen Mirsky, Director of PACE (Providing Alternative and Counseling Education for survival sex workers in Vancouver) describes what PACE’s role is and how the agency assists over 300 survival sex workers in the community. PACE was one of 13 downtown eastside organizations that were originally granted standing to testify in the Missing Women’s Inquiry. The Missing Women’s Inquiry was put together in 2011, as a public forum evaluating the Vancouver Police and Coquitlam RCMP’s handling ...

  17. Submicrometre particle filtration with a dc activated plasma textile

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plasma textiles are novel fabrics incorporating the advantages of cold plasma and low-cost non-woven or woven textile fabrics. In plasma textiles, electrodes are integrated into the fabric, and a corona discharge is activated within and on the surface of the fabric by applying high voltages above 10 kV between the electrodes. When the plasma textile is activated, submicrometre particles approaching the textile are charged by the deposition of ions and electrons produced by the corona, and then collected by the textile material. A stable plasma discharge was experimentally verified on the surface of the textile that was locally smooth but not rigid. A filtration efficiency close to 100% was observed in experiments conducted on salt particles with diameters ranging from 50 to 300 nm. Unlike conventional fibrous filters, the plasma textile provided uniform filtration in this range, without exhibiting a maximum particle penetration size. (paper)

  18. The use of isotope techniques in the textile industy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General principles of the use of isotop systems are discussed with chances of their application in the textile industry. Detailed characteristics of isotop meters used in textile production are given. (MZ). (author)

  19. Monopsonistic discrimination, worker turnover, and the gender wage gap

    OpenAIRE

    Barth, Erling; Dale-Olsen, Harald

    2009-01-01

    Motivated by models of worker flows, we argue in this paper that monopsonistic discrimination may be a substantial factor behind the overall gender wage gap. On matched employer-employee data from Norway, we estimate establishment-specific wage premiums separately for men and women, conditioning on fixed individual effects. Regressions of worker turnover on the wage premium identify less wage elastic labour supply facing each establishment of women than that of men. Workforce gender compositi...

  20. PLIGHT OF FEMALE CONSTRUCTION WORKERS OF SURAT CITY

    OpenAIRE

    B L Chawada; V V Gharat; Bansal, R K; Kantharia, S. L.

    2012-01-01

    Background: With the rapid increase in construction sector, the number of female construction workers is increased. The problems of women worker is still not addressed adequately by health sector. Aims and objective: The present study is aimed to explore problems of female workers at construction sites in working environment and to document issues like gender bias, living conditions, vulnerability and slackness of health among female working in construction field. Methodology: This was a Cros...

  1. A posição das mulheres trabalhadoras num mundo em evolução: Uma jornalista Portuguesa na Conferência Internacional do Trabalho / Les femmes travailleuses dans un monde en mutation: Une journaliste portugaise à la Conférence Internationale du Travail / Women workers in a changing world: A Portuguese journalist at the International Labour Conference

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Albertina, Jordão.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo faz parte de uma investigação mais vasta que está a ser realizada no quadro das relações Portugal - Organização Internacional do Trabalho. Nesta investigação centramo-nos sobre a integração de mulheres nas delegações tripartidas à Conferência Internacional do Trabalho (CIT). Este artigo [...] refere-se à participação da primeira portuguesa a integrar a delegação sindical, em 1964 num tempo em que os sindicatos não eram livres e cuja pressão internacional sobre Portugal era cada vez mais acentuada. Na CIT de 1964, um dos temas da agenda foi as «mulheres trabalhadoras num mundo em mudança». As principais questões aí debatidas são tratadas neste artigo. Abstract in english This article is part of a broader research which is being carried out regarding the relationship between Portugal and the International Labour Organization, with a focus on Portuguese female in the tripartite delegations to the International Labour Conference (ILC). This article refers the participa [...] tion of the first Portuguese woman in the workers adviser group in 1964, a time when the Portuguese trade unions were not free and in a period at which the international pressure over the country was growing. In 1964, one of the items in ILC agenda was «women workers in a changing world». The main subjects debated during the specialized committee regarding women workers are discussed here.

  2. A Global History of Ottoman Cotton Textiles, 1600-1850

    OpenAIRE

    GEKAS, Athanasios

    2007-01-01

    This paper arises from the project on "Cotton textiles as a global industry, 1200-1800", carried out at the LSE and as part of the Global Economic History Network. The paper revisits and situates the historiography of Ottoman cotton textiles within current debates concerning the emergence of a world economy through the lens of the first global industry, cotton textiles. The period before mechanization saw the expansion of cotton textiles as a commodity partly as a response to E...

  3. Research on Textile Enterprises to Broaden the Financing Channels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minfang Gao

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Textile industry exposes many problems under financing crisis: lack of innovation, extensive growth, etc. To solve these problems, the textile industry must achieve industrial upgrading and enhance the core competence. However, the shortage of capital has restricted the development of textile industry. The paper, referring to some scholars’ recommendations, discussed how to broaden financing channels to solve the current financing problems for textile enterprises.

  4. Fabricated Tectonics: Two Shared Concepts in Architecture and Textile

    OpenAIRE

    Tera?s, Tiina

    2013-01-01

    What will be studied in this thesis are two concepts shared by architecture and textile. The first area studies the tension between ornament and structure and how this appears on both the facade design of buildings as well as in textiles. The second concept relates to the 'dressing' of structures, which examines structure systems as a whole in textile and architecture. The principles discussed are abstract, but can be applied within existing architectural and textile practices. The body of...

  5. Development of a luminous textile for reflective pulse oximetry measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Krehel, Marek; Wolf, Martin; Boesel, Luciano F; René M. Rossi; Bona, Gian-Luca; Scherer, Lukas J.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, a textile-based sensing principle for long term photopletysmography (PPG) monitoring is presented. Optical fibers were embroidered into textiles such that out-coupling and in-coupling of light was possible. The "light-in light-out" properties of the textile enabled the spectroscopic characterization of human tissue. For the optimization of the textile sensor, three different carrier fabrics and different fiber modifications were compared. The sample with best light coupling eff...

  6. Test Method for Compression Resilience Evaluation of Textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Shui-yuan Hong; Jian-chao Wang; Bao-guo Yao; Li-xia Yan

    2013-01-01

    A test method was proposed and a measurement system was developed to characterize the compression resilience properties of textiles based on the mechanical device, microelectronics, sensors and control system. Derived from the typical pressure-displacement curve and test data, four indices were defined to characterize the compression performance of textiles. The test principle and the evaluation method for compression resilience of textiles were introduced. Twelve types of textile fabrics wit...

  7. 19 CFR 102.21 - Textile and apparel products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Textile and apparel products. 102.21 Section...ORIGIN Rules of Origin § 102.21 Textile and apparel products. (a) Applicability...determination of the country of origin of imported textile and apparel products for purposes...

  8. 19 CFR 10.811 - Textile or apparel goods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Textile or apparel goods. 10.811 Section...Agreement Rules of Origin § 10.811 Textile or apparel goods. (a) De minimis...paragraph (a)(2) of this section, a textile or apparel good that is not...

  9. 19 CFR 10.553 - Textile and apparel site visits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Textile and apparel site visits. 10.553...Verifications and Determinations § 10.553 Textile and apparel site visits. (a) Visits...The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA), exclude from...

  10. 19 CFR 10.771 - Textile or apparel goods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Textile or apparel goods. 10.771 Section...Agreement Rules of Origin § 10.771 Textile or apparel goods. (a) De minimis...paragraph (a)(1) of this section, a textile or apparel good that is not...

  11. 49 CFR 178.520 - Standards for textile bags.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Standards for textile bags. 178.520 Section 178.520...Standards § 178.520 Standards for textile bags. (a) The following are identification codes for textile bags: (1) 5L1 for an unlined or...

  12. 19 CFR 11.12b - Labeling textile fiber products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Labeling textile fiber products. 11.12b Section 11.12b...STAMPING; MARKING Marking § 11.12b Labeling textile fiber products. (a) Textile fiber products imported into the United...

  13. Genetic Characteristics of Cotton Varieties in Textile Variety Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    The USA is losing its textile industry to foreign competition. In turn, the cotton grower is losing its best customer, the USA textile industry. A modern textile industry needs modern fiber that can only be obtained through improved varieties. The National Regional High Quality (RHQ) is a variety...

  14. Textile-based sampling for potentiometric determination of ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lisak, Grzegorz; Arnebrant, Thomas; Ruzgas, Tautgirdas; Bobacka, Johan

    2015-06-01

    Potentiometric sensing utilizing textile-based micro-volume sampling was applied and evaluated for the determination of clinically (Na(+), K(+), Cl(-)) and environmentally (Cd(2+), Pb(2+) and pH) relevant analytes. In this technological design, calibration solutions and samples were absorbed into textiles while the potentiometric cells (ion-selective electrodes and reference electrode) were pressed against the textile. Once the liquid, by wicking action, reached the place where the potentiometric cell was pressed onto the textile, hence closing the electric circuit, the potentiometric response was obtained. Cotton, polyamide, polyester and their blends with elastane were applied for micro-volume sampling. The textiles were found to influence the determination of pH in environmental samples with pH close to neutral and Pb(2+) at low analyte concentrations. On the other hand, textile-based micro-volume sampling was successfully applied in measurements of Na(+) using solid-contact sodium-selective electrodes utilizing all the investigated textiles for sampling. It was found that in order to extend the application of textile-based sampling toward environmental analysis of ions it will be necessary to tailor the physio-chemical properties of the textile materials. In general, textile-based sampling opens new possibilities for direct chemical analysis of small-volume samples and provide a simple and low-cost method to screen various textiles for their effects on samples to identify which textiles are the most suitable for on-body sensing. PMID:26002212

  15. Women, Education and the Big, Bad Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Jane

    2011-01-01

    History has a habit of ignoring women. Thirty years ago one thought that re-emerging women's movement would never be dumped in the same way previous feminist generations were consigned to the dustbin of history. It took feminist activists and scholars; women trade unionists and health workers; feminist writers, publishers and artists; and the…

  16. Adaptation of Induced Fuzzy Cognitive Maps to the Problems Faced by the Power Loom Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Narayanamoorthy

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The Indian textile industry has a significant presence in the economy as well as in the international textile economy. In this research Paper we study the socio economic problems faced by power loom workers in Avinashi in Tamilnadu, India, using Induced Fuzzy Cognitive Maps (IFCMs. We have interviewed 50 households in the study area using a linguistic questionnaire. As the problems faced by them at large, involved so much of feelings and uncertainties. We felt it to fit to use fuzzy theory in general and induced fuzzy cognitive maps in particular. For IFCMs is the best suited tool when the data is an unsupervised one.

  17. Caustic saving potentile in textile processing mills

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The textile processing industry of pakistan has great potential of improvement in resource consumption in various production processes. One major concern is the heavy usage of caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) especially during the mercerization process which incurs a significant cost to a textile processing mill. To reduce the unit fabric production cost and stay competitive, the industry need to minimize the caustic wastage and explore the caustic saving potential. This paper describe the detailed caustic consumption practices and saving potentials in woven textile sector based on the data base of 100 industries. Region wise caustic saving potential is also investigated . Three caustic conservation option including process improvement, reuse and recycling, and caustic recovery plants are discussed. Detailed technical and and financial requirements. saving potentials and paybacks of these options are provided. (author)

  18. Physical Tools for Creativity with Textile Materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heimdal, Elisabeth Jacobsen

    2010-01-01

    This paper seeks to develop a better understanding of how physical objects can stimulate creativity, studying the case of textile material samples employed to inspire textile designers to use new responsive materials and technologies in their designs. I show: 1) how physical objects can act both as triggers for idea generation and as solution proposals in a design process; 2) how the correlation between the developed idea and the relevant inspirational material can be of different kinds and 3) how the complexity and level of generic character of material samples influence their inspirational qualities. I finish with a brief presentation of an ongoing project investigating how architects can be inspired to use textile materials.

  19. Wearable Textile Electrodes for ECG Measurement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukas Vojtech

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The electrocardiogram (ECG is one of the most important parameters for monitoring of the physiological state of a person. Currently available systems for ECG monitoring are both stationary and wearable, but the comfort of the monitored person is not at a satisfactory level because these systems are not part of standard clothing. This article is therefore devoted to the development and measurement of wearable textile electrodes for ECG measurement device with high comfort for the user. The electrode material is made of electrically conductive textile. This creates a textile composite that guarantees high comfort for the user while ensuring good quality of ECG measurements. The composite is implemented by a carrier (a T-shirt with flame retardant and sensing electrodes embroidered with yarn based on a mixture of polyester coated with silver nanoparticles and cotton. The electrodes not only provide great comfort but are also antibacterial and antiallergic due to silver nanoparticles.

  20. Textile dyeing by dyestuffs of natural origin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šmelcerovi? Miodrag

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The textile industry is one of the biggest industrial consumers of water especially dye houses which utilize synthetic dyes and other chemicals. Natural dyes are generally environmental friendly and have many advantages over synthetic dyes with respect to production and application. In recent years, there has been an interest in the application of these dyes due to their bio-degradability and higher compatibility with the environment. A review of previous work in the field of applying dyestuffs of natural source as possible textile dyes is given. From an ecological viewpoint, the substitution of chemical dyes by 'natural products' in textile dyeing may be feasible and may represent not only a strategy to reduce risks and pollutants, but also an opportunity for new markets and new businesses which can develop from the inclusion of ecology in trade policy.

  1. Emotional Value of Applied Textiles : Dialogue-oriented and participatory approaches to textile design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Anne Louise

    2011-01-01

    The present PhD thesis is conducted as an Industrial PhD project in collaboration with the Danish company Gabriel A/S (Gabriel), which designs and produces furniture textiles and ‘related products’ for manufacturers of furniture. A ‘related textile product’ is e.g. processing of piece goods, upholstery, mounting etc. This PhD project addresses the challenges of the textile industry, where the global knowledge economy increasingly forces companies to include user-participation and value innovation in their product development. My project revolves around the challenges which the textile designers at Gabriel face while trying to implement an innovative and process-oriented business strategy. The focal point has been the section of the strategy which aims at developing Blue Ocean products, which have a functional and an emotional value for the user. The thesis examines and explores emotional value of applied textiles. The objective is to operationalise the strategic term ‘emotional value’ as it relates to applied textiles. The procedure includes the development of user- and stakeholder-centred approaches, which are valuable for the textile designer in the design process. The research approach is application-oriented and practical. In chapter two, I explain the ‘programmatic approach’ to design research, in which design experiments are the core of the project. The research programme is dynamic; it is developing in the course of the project and in tandem with the knowledge generated. The outcome of the research is ‘exemplary’ and the research contributions are presented as ‘exemplars’, ‘frameworks’, ‘tools’ and ‘structures’, which are relevant for the design process or can be the subject of critique and further investigation by other researchers. The project is a contribution to the broad and multifaceted field of design research with a particular focus on textile design including the discourse and methodology used in the field of design. In addition the project relates to the Participatory Design approach and to the design research fields which focus on emotional aspects of design. Based on my experiences with the programmatic approach I propose a distinction between ’overall challenges’ and ’research questions’. I view this thesis as a research contribution which facilitates a programmatic approach to a project such as this one. The ‘overall challenges’ (challenges within the field of textile design) is a constant variable against which the programme (challenges which Gabriel’s textile designers face) can be benchmarked. Thus the ‘research questions’ (emotional value and user and stakeholder involvement) are ‘shapable’ and situation-specific, and they constantly interact with the experiments (procedures of user and stakeholder involvement). In the course of the thesis I explain and elaborate on four themes each of which contributes to the outcome of the project. 1) Creating a frame of reference for the textile design process and a systematic approach to applied textiles. In chapter three I compare a textile design process with Donald Schön’s definition of design as ‘a conversation with the materials of a situation’. Subsequently, through design experiments involving several participants, I develop the ‘Tripod Approach’– a structured and systematic approach to design and research of applied textiles. 2) Understanding and exploring emotional value related to design of applied textiles. In chapter four I argue – based on Jesse Prinz’s and Antonio Damasio’s emotion research – for a perception of emotional value of applied textiles which acknowledges bodily feedback as a core concept in the process which leads to ‘emotion’. This approach is used when exploring and adjusting Patrick Jordan’s framework of ‘the four pleasures’ to the study of emotional value of applied textiles as presented in this thesis. My experiments lead to the creation of a framework of four adjusted categories of ‘pleasure’ based on which a group of stakeholders can e

  2. Protein interactions in enzymatic processes in textiles

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Tzanko, Tzanov; Jürgen, Andreaus; Georg, Guebitz; Artur, Cavaco-Paulo.

    2003-12-15

    Full Text Available Enzymes are the catalysts of all reactions in living systems. These reactions are catalysed in the active sites of globular proteins. The proteins are composed by amino acids with a variety of side chains ranging from non-polar aliphatic and aromatic to acidic, basic and neutral polar. This fact all [...] ows to a globular 3D protein to create in the active site all ranges of microenvironments for catalysis. Major advances in microbial technology and genetics allow recently the broad range of enzymatic applications in the industry. Enzymatic processes have been increasingly incorporated in textiles over the last years. Cotton, wool, flax or starches are natural materials used in textiles that can be processed with enzymes. Enzymes have been used for desizing, scouring, polishing, washing, degumming, peroxide degradation in bleaching baths as well as for decolourisation of dyehouse wastewaters, bleaching of released dyestuff and inhibiting dye transfer. Furthermore many new applications are under development such as natural and synthetic fibres modification, enzymatic dyeing, finishing etc. Most of the textile processes are heterogeneous where an auxiliary as a dye, enzyme, softener or oxidant have to be taken from the solution to the fibre. These processes require the presence of surface-active agents, ionic force "balancers", buffers, stabilisers and others, and are characterized with high turbulence and mechanical agitation in the textile baths. In this paper it is intended to understand and discuss the major protein interactions within textile processes and to try to anticipate troubleshooting possibilities when enzymes are used. It can be expected that an enzyme protein can interact with all chemical agents in solution due to the large variety of side chains of the outer-amino-acids in the large 3D structure of the protein. Without the aim of being exhaustive various points will be discussed where protein interactions are important for textile processing.

  3. Work related asthma in the textile industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaari, Neila; Amri, Charfeddine; Allagui, Irtyah; Bouzgarrou, Lamia; Henchi, Mohamed-Adnène; Bchir, Nouri; Akrout, Mohamed; Khalfallah, Taoufik

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, occupational asthma is the most common form of occupational lung disease in the world. In some countries the textile industry remains an important source of potential agents causing occupational asthma. In the textile industry several agents such as cotton dust and dyes may cause occupational asthma. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology, pathogenesis/mechanisms, clinical presentations, management and prevention specific to occupational asthma in the textile industry.Work-related asthma risk is considerable. Current understanding of the mechanisms by which many textile agents cause occupational asthma is limited, especially for low molecular-weight sensitizers and irritants. The diagnosis is generally established on the basis of a suggestive history of a temporal association between exposure and the onset of symptoms and objective evidence that these symptoms are related to airflow limitation. Early diagnosis, elimination or reduction of exposure to the offending agent and early use of convenient therapy according to disease severity may play an important role in the prevention of long-term persistence of asthma. Its prevention in the textile industry should be both technical and medical. It depends on the difficulties to reduce dust level, the limits in arranging work station or in occupational rehabilitation. These difficulties are increased in small textile industry companies. Persistent occupational asthma in this sector is often associated with substantial disability and consequent impacts on income and quality of life. Prevention of new cases is the best approach to reduce the burden of asthma attributable to occupational exposures. This review also outlines different patents on the diagnosis and treatment of asthma. PMID:21184667

  4. Energy-Efficiency Improvement Opportunities for the Textile Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    China Energy Group; Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2010-09-29

    The textile industry is one of the most complicated manufacturing industries because it is a fragmented and heterogeneous sector dominated by small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Energy is one of the main cost factors in the textile industry. Especially in times of high energy price volatility, improving energy efficiency should be a primary concern for textile plants. There are various energy-efficiency opportunities that exist in every textile plant, many of which are cost-effective. However, even cost-effective options often are not implemented in textile plants mostly because of limited information on how to implement energy-efficiency measures, especially given the fact that a majority of textile plants are categorized as SMEs and hence they have limited resources to acquire this information. Know-how on energy-efficiency technologies and practices should, therefore, be prepared and disseminated to textile plants. This guidebook provides information on energy-efficiency technologies and measures applicable to the textile industry. The guidebook includes case studies from textile plants around the world and includes energy savings and cost information when available. First, the guidebook gives a brief overview of the textile industry around the world, with an explanation of major textile processes. An analysis of the type and the share of energy used in different textile processes is also included in the guidebook. Subsequently, energy-efficiency improvement opportunities available within some of the major textile sub-sectors are given with a brief explanation of each measure. The conclusion includes a short section dedicated to highlighting a few emerging technologies in the textile industry as well as the potential for the use of renewable energy in the textile industry.

  5. para aguas residuales coloreadas textiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu\\u00EDs Fernando Garc\\u00E9s Giraldo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. En este artículo se presenta la experimentación que se tuvo con la degradación del colorante rojo Recoltive con dióxido de titanio, peróxido y fenton utilizando como medio la lámpara UV. Los ensayos realizados implicaron la variación de la cantidad de estos oxidantes. Objetivo. Comparar los tratamientos con dióxido de titanio y fenton para aguas residuales coloreadas. Materiales y métodos. El equipo usado consistió de una cubeta de vidrio de longitudes 41 cm x 25,5 cm x 20 cm que almacenaba 15 L de muestra, una lámpara de luz ultravioleta de marca MIGHTY PURE de 60 Hz y una bomba que maneja un flujo de 0,047 L/s. Se adicionó el colorante en el tanque quedando con una concentración de 100 mg/L. Se midió continuamente el pH para ajustarlo en 5,0 cuando se trabajo con fenton y con TiO2 los valores de pH fueron medidos sin requerir adicionar ácidos o bases, por ser mas estables. Resultados. La mejor combinación para tratar un agua de la industria textil con lámpara de luz UV y dióxido de titanio es 100 mg/L de TiO2 y 2% v/v de H2O2. El ensayo que presentó la degradación óptima del color fue con fenton 30 mg/L de FeCl3 y 1% de v/v de H2O2. Conclusiones. La utilización de procesos de oxidación avanzada como la fotocatálisis con TiO2 o fotofenton, produjeron diferentes resultados respecto a la reducción del porcentaje de degradación del colorante y mayores velocidades de reacción, siendo la reacción fotofenton la que produjo los mejores porcentajes y tiempos de reducción (E13 con 30 mg/L FeCl3 y 1% v/v de H2O2.

  6. NO BUG: biobased mosquitoes repellent textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Ciera, Lucy Wanjiru; Nierstrasz, Vincent; Clerck, Karen; Van Langenhove, Lieva

    2011-01-01

    This research work is part of the FP7 No-Bug project (Novel release system and biobased utilities for insect repellent textiles). The main interest of the project is personal protective textiles against insects (mosquitoes) for application not only in tropical areas where vector borne diseases are a major threat to the public health but also in European countries where the presence of mosquitoes can be nuisance. Malaria and dengue fever are well known diseases that cause a lot of deaths in th...

  7. Upholstery textile performance following exposure to daylight

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research investigated the effects of exposure to daylight on upholstery textiles. Eleven fabrics preferred by consumers were exposed to daylight in outdoor test cabinets for six months. Exposed and unexposed specimens were tested for tensile strength, elongation, abrasion resistance, and colorfastness. Statistical analysis indicated highly significant fabric/exposure interactive effects; significant losses in warp and filling strength, warp and filling elongation, and the resistance to abrasion in most of the exposed upholstery textiles tested. Color change was also found in the majority of exposed fabrics. Results indicate that careful selection of upholstery fabrics is required by energy-conscious consumers and designers

  8. MARITAL AND FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS OF WORKERS, MARCH 1966. SPECIAL LABOR FORCE REPORT NUMBER 80.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WALDMAN, ELIZABETH

    THE THRIVING ECONOMY'S DEMAND FOR WORKERS RESULTED IN DECREASED UNEMPLOYMENT RATES IN 1966 FOR WHITE AND NEGRO WOMEN AND WHITE MEN. THE INCREASED NUMBER OF WOMEN WORKERS RESULTED NOT ONLY FROM THE EXPANDING JOB MARKET BUT ALSO FROM FEDERAL LEGISLATION OUTLAWING SEX DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT. IN THIS DECADE, THE MOST SIGNIFICANT INCREASE IN…

  9. JOB SATISFACTION AMONG WOMEN INDUSTRIAL WORKERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. SHOBHA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In a labour surplus and capital hungry country like India jobs are very important to individuals. They help to determine standards of living, places of residence, status and even one's sense of self worth. Jobs are important to organizations because they are the means of accomplishing organizational objectives. Technological advances and competitive pressures may often force an organization to put more emphasis on characteristics of successful performance rather than on standard jobs duties and tasks etc. When negative stress is high it reduces job satisfaction. When a job does not correspond with employee's personal life, or is the source of anxiety and confusion, it's stressful. Work places must be in normal conditions allowing employee to do their job properly

  10. Under the New Situation of the Textile Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenzhuan Sun

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available China's entry into the WTO, all the textiles with the formal abolition of restrictions on Chinese textile and garment industry entered the free trade era, the increasingly fierce international competition, but also brought unprecedented opportunities to the Chinese textile and apparel industry. China's textile and garment industry required in this particular under the new situation to meet the challenges and seize the opportunity to be successful. Under the new situation China's textile and garment industry facing difficulties and the opportunities this article will do a specific analysis and put forward some feasible options for enterprises to adopt.

  11. Ultrasound in textile dyeing an the decolouration/mineralization of textile dyes

    OpenAIRE

    Vajnhandl, Simona; Majcen Le Marechal, Alenka

    2012-01-01

    In recent decades ultrasound has established an important place in different industrial processes such as the medical field, and has started to revolutionize environmental protection. The idea of using ultrasound in textile wet processes is not a new one. On the contrary there are many reportsfrom the 1950s and 1960s describing the beneficial effects of ultrasound in textile wet processes. The aim of this paper is to review some fundamentals of ultrasound, its broad application and gather som...

  12. SIMPLE METHODS FOR INCREASING THE PRODUCTIVITY IN A WORKSHOP OF TEXTILE GARMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PORAV Viorica

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is based mainly on experience and is the result of optimization analysis of work operations in departments that make clothing products, with maximum 200 workers and financially unable to invest in expensive technical equipment. The analysis takes the problem of increasing productivity for some work operations, such as the operation of the realization of loops, cutting them to the required size, forming packages, for their application to the top of the pants. The analysis performed was concerned not only with increasing productivity but also to create better working conditions for workers. Of course, through a thorough analysis can be improved and other working methods. Ergonomic workplace organization, centralization of operations or handling study due to their repetitiveness, can result in significant savings of time working. Equally it may affect the operations times for making garments and methods of employment with cut marks and accessories needed, or how to discharge processed workpiece. This paper outlines some options for improving the performance of companies producing textiles, in idea of increasing labor productivity and product quality. Even if a firm producing textiles, has sufficient financial resources for modern equipment, the studies conducted by experts, can brings improvements in working time and this without high costs.

  13. HYPERFILTRATION FOR TEXTILE PREPARATION CAUSTIC DISCHARGE REDUCTION

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report gives results of a study, joining a hyperfiltration (HF) system with an operating caustic scour and preparation range in an integrated textile dye and finishing plant. (HF is a membrane separation technique widely used in desalination of natural water and in some indus...

  14. State Skill Standards: Fashion, Textiles and Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Rene Crepaldi; Gaudy, Glenna; Green-Jobe, Victoria; Hatch, Susan; Moen, Julianne; Sheldon, Shannon; Smith, Loree; Chessell, Karen

    2008-01-01

    The mission of Fashion, Textiles and Design Education is to prepare students for family and community life and careers in the fashion industry by creating opportunities to develop the knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviors needed to: (1) Examine skills needed to effectively manage clothing decisions; (2) Evaluate the use, care and production…

  15. Contactless EMG sensors embroidered into textile

    OpenAIRE

    Linz, Torsten; Gourmelon, L.; Langereis, G.

    2007-01-01

    To obtain maximum unobtrusiveness with sensors for monitoring health parameters on the human body, two technical solutions are combined. First we propose contactless sensors for capacitive electromyography measurements. Secondly, the sensors are integrated into textile, so complete fusion with a wearable garment is enabled. We are presenting the first successful measurements with such sensors.

  16. NASA CPAS Drogue Textile Riser Feasibility Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennings, Elsa J.; Petersen, Michael L.; Anderson, Brian; Johnson, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Steel cable was chosen for the lower end of the drogue and main parachute risers on NASA's Orion Multi Purpose Crew Vehicle Parachute Assembly System (CPAS) to protect the risers from extreme temperatures and abrasion should they contact the crew module during deployment, as was done for Apollo. Due to the weight and deployment complexity inherent in steel, there was significant interest in the possibility of substituting textile for steel for the drogue and main parachute risers. However, textile risers could be damaged when subjected to high temperature and abrasion. Investigations were consequently performed by a subset of the authors to determine whether sacrificial, non-load-bearing textile riser covers could be developed to mitigate the thermal and abrasion concerns. Multiple material combinations were tested, resulting in a cover design capable of protecting the riser against severe riser/crew module contact interactions. A feasibility study was then conducted to evaluate the performance of the textile drogue riser cover in relevant abrasive environments. This paper describes the testing performed and documents the results of this feasibility study.

  17. External force estimation for textile grasp detection

    OpenAIRE

    Colome?, Adria?; Pardo, Diego; Alenya?, Guillem; Torras, Carme

    2012-01-01

    Our current work on external force estimation without end-effector force sensor is resented.To verify if a grasp of a textile has been successful, the external wrench applied on the robot is computed online, with a state observer based on a LWPR [3] model of a task.

  18. Production line for irradiating planar textiles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The invention has been aimed at meeting all radiation protection requirements in hydrophilic, antistatic or antibacterial finishing of planar textile products by irradiation with electrons. This could be achieved by special shielding arrangements and using radiation monitors for controlling the production line

  19. Treatment and recycling of textile wastewaters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of an experimental campaign involving the treatment of textile wastewaters for recycle by mean of an absorption resins pilot plant are briefly described. The case study concerned the treatment and reuse of yarns dyeing wastewaters. Results obtained indicate the possibility of an industrial scale implementation of the technique

  20. Enzymatic decolorization of textile dyeing effluents

    OpenAIRE

    Abadulla, Ellias; Silva, Lui?sa M.; Paulo, Artur Cavaco; Robra, K. H.; Gu?bitz, Georg M.

    2000-01-01

    Commercial azo, triarylmethane, antraquinonic, and indigoid textile dyes are efficiently decolorized with enzyme preparations from Pleuratus ostreatus, Schizophyllum commune, Neurospora crassa, Polvporus sp., Sclerotium rolfsii, Trametes villosa, and Myceliophtora thermophila. The nature of substituents on the dyes' benzene rings influences enzyme activity, and hydroxyl and amino groups enhance decolorization. The presence of lignin peroxidase and/or manganese peroxidase in addition to Iaccas...

  1. Textile wastewater biocoagulation by Caesalpinia spinosa extracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Revelo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available (Received: 2014/12/06 - Accepted: 2015/03/24The textile industry in Ecuador is still a matter of concern because of the inappropriate disposal of their effluents into the local water supply. The present research was carried out in Pelileo (Tungurahua-Ecuador where textile wastewaters are discharged into waterways. An environmentally friendly solution to treat highly contaminated organic textile wastewaters is herein evaluated: a remediation process of biocoagulation was performed using extracts from the Caesalpinia spinosa plant also known as guarango or tara. It was determined that using C. spinosa extracts to treat wastewater has the same statistical effect as when applying a chemical coagulant (polyaluminum chloride 15%. Activated zeolite adsorbed color residuals from treated water to obtain turbidity removal more than 90%. A mathematical model showed that turbidity removal between 50-90% can be obtained by applying 25-45 g/L of guarango extracts and zeolite per 700 mL of textile wastewater. The natural coagulation using C. spinosa extracts produced 85% less sludge than polyaluminum chloride, and removed high organic matter content in the wastewater (1050 mg/L by 52%.

  2. Rubber Impact on 3D Textile Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heimbs, Sebastian; Van Den Broucke, Björn; Duplessis Kergomard, Yann; Dau, Frederic; Malherbe, Benoit

    2012-06-01

    A low velocity impact study of aircraft tire rubber on 3D textile-reinforced composite plates was performed experimentally and numerically. In contrast to regular unidirectional composite laminates, no delaminations occur in such a 3D textile composite. Yarn decohesions, matrix cracks and yarn ruptures have been identified as the major damage mechanisms under impact load. An increase in the number of 3D warp yarns is proposed to improve the impact damage resistance. The characteristic of a rubber impact is the high amount of elastic energy stored in the impactor during impact, which was more than 90% of the initial kinetic energy. This large geometrical deformation of the rubber during impact leads to a less localised loading of the target structure and poses great challenges for the numerical modelling. A hyperelastic Mooney-Rivlin constitutive law was used in Abaqus/Explicit based on a step-by-step validation with static rubber compression tests and low velocity impact tests on aluminium plates. Simulation models of the textile weave were developed on the meso- and macro-scale. The final correlation between impact simulation results on 3D textile-reinforced composite plates and impact test data was promising, highlighting the potential of such numerical simulation tools.

  3. Biodegradation of Textile Dyes Using Fungal Isolates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashish Chauhan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The textile industries produces considerably high amount of aquatic toxicity which is discharged directly into the environment before treated properly. The waste generation volume and load produced is hazardous in nature. Thus, this study explores the role of fungal biomass against pollution due to textiles dyes as degrading agent. This study will be beneficial for treating water effluent from textile industry and will decrease the pollution form environment with advanced technology for future use. In this study the evaluation of fungal species for the decolourization and degradation of textile dye has been carried. Four potential fungal strains (NS-1, NS-2, NS-9 and NS-10 were exploited after screening for the decolourization of Rubine Toner-12 dye under aerobic condition. Growth associated decolorization studies were carried out in Potato Dextrose Broth (PDB supplemented with Rubine Toner-12. About 99% percent decolorization was achieved on supplementation with 10 mg L-1 of dye. Comparative spectrophotometric analysis of control and fungus inoculated medium supplemented with rubine toner-12 showed almost 100% decolorization in inoculated flasks. The fungus was identified to be Aspergillus niger. Maximum decolorization of Rubine Toner-12 was observed at pH 6. It is a better technique to check environmental pollution.

  4. ROLE OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SCENARIO

    OpenAIRE

    K. R. Udmale

    2014-01-01

    Women are participating in large number in almost all the spheres of economic activity. From village to city, a large number of women workers and entrepreneurs contributing towards the national income of the country can be observed. Now it has been accepted that the women's movement is for the welfare development and empowerment of women. The development of Indian women will be the biggest source of enrichment for our country's development. Economic empowerment of women can ...

  5. Globalization and Infectious Diseases in Women1

    OpenAIRE

    Bellamy, Carol

    2004-01-01

    Women have an enhanced vulnerability to disease, especially if they are poor. Indeed, the health hazards of being female are widely underestimated. Economic and cultural factors can limit women's access to clinics and health workers. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that less is spent on health care for women and girls worldwide than for men and boys. As a result, women who become mothers and caretakers of children and husbands often do so at the expense of their own health. The nu...

  6. Development of smart textiles with embedded fiber optic chemical sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalil, Saif E.; Yuan, Jianming; El-Sherif, Mahmoud A.

    2004-03-01

    Smart textiles are defined as textiles capable of monitoring their own health conditions or structural behavior, as well as sensing external environmental conditions. Smart textiles appear to be a future focus of the textile industry. As technology accelerates, textiles are found to be more useful and practical for potential advanced technologies. The majority of textiles are used in the clothing industry, which set up the idea of inventing smart clothes for various applications. Examples of such applications are medical trauma assessment and medical patients monitoring (heart and respiration rates), and environmental monitoring for public safety officials. Fiber optics have played a major role in the development of smart textiles as they have in smart structures in general. Optical fiber integration into textile structures (knitted, woven, and non-woven) is presented, and defines the proper methodology for the manufacturing of smart textiles. Samples of fabrics with integrated optical fibers were processed and tested for optical signal transmission. This was done in order to investigate the effect of textile production procedures on optical fiber performance. The tests proved the effectiveness of the developed methodology for integration of optical fibers without changing their optical performance or structural integrity.

  7. Pesticides: Protecting Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Protecting workers from potential effects of pesticides is an important role of EPA's Pesticide Program. Workers in several occupations may be exposed to pesticides when they: Prepare pesticides for ...

  8. Disaster Rescue and Response Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Disaster Rescue and Response Workers Disaster Rescue and Response Workers Bruce H. Young, LCSW, ... psychological problems can result for rescue workers following disaster experiences? The psychological problems for workers that may ...

  9. Work Related Injury among Aging Women

    OpenAIRE

    Harrison, Tracie; Legarde, Brittany; Kim, Sunghun; Walker, Janiece; Blozis, Shelley; Umberson, Debra

    2013-01-01

    This article reports the experiences of women age 55 to 75 with mobility impairments who attributed aspects of their limitations to workplace injuries and provides insight into worker’s compensation policies. The study sample includes Mexican American and non-Hispanic White women ages 55–75 who participated in a 4-year ethnographic study of disablement. Ninety-two of the 122 participants in the study attributed aspects of their functional limitations to employment, and their experiences w...

  10. 78 FR 16662 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the United...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-18

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  11. 16 CFR 1610.33 - Test procedures for textile fabrics and film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Test procedures for textile fabrics and film. 1610.33 Section...STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF CLOTHING TEXTILES Rules and Regulations § 1610.33 Test procedures for textile fabrics and film....

  12. 76 FR 16531 - Country of Origin of Textile and Apparel Products; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ...RIN 1505-AB60) Country of Origin of Textile and Apparel Products; Correction AGENCIES...provisions relating to the country of origin of textile and apparel products. The final rule...INFORMATION CONTACT: Roberts Abels, Textile Operations, Office of International...

  13. 19 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - Textile and Apparel Manufacturer Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Textile and Apparel Manufacturer Identification...102, App. Appendix to Part 102—Textile and Apparel Manufacturer Identification...23(a) of this part, all entries of textile or apparel products listed...

  14. 78 FR 17642 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  15. 76 FR 78249 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-16

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  16. 77 FR 65366 - Interim Procedures for Considering Requests From the Public for Textile and Apparel Safeguard...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-26

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS [Docket :121018560-2560-01...Considering Requests From the Public for Textile and Apparel Safeguard Actions on Imports...The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Notice of...

  17. 76 FR 52640 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  18. 16 CFR 303.30 - Textile fiber products in form for consumer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Textile fiber products in form for consumer. ...CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT § 303.30 Textile fiber products in form for consumer....

  19. 16 CFR 303.42 - Arrangement of information in advertising textile fiber products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...Arrangement of information in advertising textile fiber products. 303.42 Section...CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT ...Arrangement of information in advertising textile fiber products. (a) Where...

  20. 77 FR 15997 - Interim Procedures for Considering Requests From the Public for Textile and Apparel Safeguard...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Interim Procedures for Considering Requests From the Public for Textile and Apparel Safeguard Actions on Imports...Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Notice of...

  1. 75 FR 48931 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-12

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  2. 16 CFR 303.33 - Country where textile fiber products are processed or manufactured.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Country where textile fiber products are processed or manufactured...CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT § 303.33 Country where textile fiber products are processed or...

  3. 76 FR 67424 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  4. 75 FR 65609 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-26

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  5. 78 FR 7414 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  6. 78 FR 11159 - Determination under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  7. 76 FR 79166 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements ACTION: Determination to add...

  8. 16 CFR 1.63 - Injunctions: Wool, fur, and textile cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...false Injunctions: Wool, fur, and textile cases. 1.63 Section 1.63 Commercial...63 Injunctions: Wool, fur, and textile cases. In those cases arising under...1939, Fur Products Labeling Act, and Textile Fiber Products Identification...

  9. 77 FR 8221 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-14

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  10. 16 CFR 1611.33 - Test procedures for textile fabrics and film.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Test procedures for textile fabrics and film. 1611.33 Section 1611...Regulations § 1611.33 Test procedures for textile fabrics and film. (a)(1) All textile fabrics (except those with a...

  11. 78 FR 16661 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-18

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  12. 75 FR 75664 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-06

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  13. 78 FR 17923 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-25

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  14. 78 FR 31886 - Interim Procedures for Considering Requests From the Public for Textile and Apparel Safeguard...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-28

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS [Docket : 130430427-3427-01...Considering Requests From the Public for Textile and Apparel Safeguard Actions on Imports...The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Notice of...

  15. 16 CFR 303.23 - Textile fiber products containing superimposed or added fibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Textile fiber products containing superimposed or...CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT § 303.23 Textile fiber products containing superimposed...

  16. 75 FR 11845 - Exporters' Textile Advisory Committee; Notice of Open Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ...International Trade Administration Exporters' Textile Advisory Committee; Notice of Open Meeting A meeting of the Exporters' Textile Advisory Committee will be held on...surmounting of barriers to the expansion of textile exports, and on methods of...

  17. 78 FR 18561 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the United...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  18. 76 FR 16734 - Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision of the Dominican...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-25

    ...COMMITTEE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF TEXTILE AGREEMENTS Determination Under the Textile and Apparel Commercial Availability Provision...AGENCY: The Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements. ACTION: Determination to...

  19. 16 CFR 1610.35 - Procedures for testing special types of textile fabrics under the standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...Procedures for testing special types of textile fabrics under the standard. 1610...STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY OF CLOTHING TEXTILES Rules and Regulations § 1610.35 Procedures for testing special types of textile fabrics under the standard....

  20. 75 FR 51016 - Third Party Testing for Certain Children's Products; Clothing Textiles: Requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ...part 1610. Some clothing textiles are exempt from part 1610...to submit exempt clothing textiles designed or intended primarily...exemption applies. For clothing textiles designed or intended primarily...or post-garment stage of production. Although section...

  1. Do Ghanaians Prefer Imported Textiles to Locally Manufactured Ones?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Quartey

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper ascertains whether consumers prefer locally made textile to imported ones or vice versa and what accounts for the choice. The study uses survey data of industry, traders and consumers to explain the issue. The results show that most consumers prefer locally-made textiles to imported ones. More than half of those who prefer locally-made textiles claimed local textile products are of a better quality. Others claimed they are more affordable and attractive while a few claimed local textiles are cheaper. This appears to contradict the country-of-origin effect and the results of previous studies in Africa and other developing countries. Im-plications for traders, governments and local manufacturers are also discussed. The study provides insights with respect to Ghanaians’ preference of locally-produced textiles to foreign-made ones.

  2. Analysis of the Restrictive Elements of China's Textile Industry in Upgrading Based on “Value Chain”

    OpenAIRE

    Tong Yang; Meilin He; Aixiang Zhang

    2010-01-01

    Our country’s textile industry is in the producing and processing field in the global value chain, so textiles’ addedvalue is low and profit margins is narrow. Developed countries take up fields of high-grade fabrics productionand advanced textile machinery manufacture. Because textile fabrics, textile machinery and equipment ofChina's textile industry fall behind developed countries, product quality and product variety can not yet fullymeet the market demand, and can not compete with dev...

  3. Detection of the Deformation of an Intelligent Textile in a Specific Point

    OpenAIRE

    José Gisbert; Vicente Cambra; Jordi Margalef; Francesc Escudero; Maria Alsina

    2007-01-01

    An intelligent textile is a textile structure that measures and reacts in front of external agents or stimulus with or without integrated electronic equipment. . The finality of the present textile is to take one more step towards intelligent textile, considering the integration of electronics and textile needs, to be industrially viable and to keep up the necessary competitiveness, raising the final price as little as possible. The finality of these experiments is to develop a textile that v...

  4. Wearable Electronics and Smart Textiles: A Critical Review

    OpenAIRE

    Matteo Stoppa; Alessandro Chiolerio

    2014-01-01

    Electronic Textiles (e-textiles) are fabrics that feature electronics and interconnections woven into them, presenting physical flexibility and typical size that cannot be achieved with other existing electronic manufacturing techniques. Components and interconnections are intrinsic to the fabric and thus are less visible and not susceptible of becoming tangled or snagged by surrounding objects. E-textiles can also more easily adapt to fast changes in the computational and sensing requirement...

  5. Detection of formaldehyde in textiles by chromotropic acid method

    OpenAIRE

    Rao Sanath; Shenoy Shruthakirthi; Davis Suraj; Nayak Sudhakar

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The common causes of textile dermatitis are formaldehyde resins and disperse dyes. There are various methods to detect the presence of formaldehyde in clothing. AIM: To detect the presence of formaldehyde in various types of textiles by the chromotropic acid method and to assess the effect of washing on the formaldehyde content. METHODS: Twenty randomly selected textiles from a local cloth store were tested for formaldehyde by the chromotropic acid method. A purple ring indicated ...

  6. Study on the Features of Textile Industry Cluster in Guangzhong

    OpenAIRE

    Tong Yang

    2010-01-01

    Xi'an and Xianyang is two famous textile towns in Guangzhong, it formed a cotton textile industry-orientedresearch, production systems and international market networks which have great influence throughout thecountry. The textile industry cluster in the region is now in cluster development infancy, being a free competitivemarket structure. According to the cluster features it explores the main form factors: Well-known localentrepreneurs, social networks and local government. Then it brings f...

  7. Electrochemical techniques in textile processes and wastewater treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Mireia Sala; M. Carmen Gutiérrez-Bouzán

    2012-01-01

    The textile industry uses the electrochemical techniques both in textile processes (such as manufacturing fibers, dyeing processes, and decolorizing fabrics) and in wastewaters treatments (color removal). Electrochemical reduction reactions are mostly used in sulfur and vat dyeing, but in some cases, they are applied to effluents discoloration. However, the main applications of electrochemical treatments in the textile sector are based on oxidation reactions. Most of electrochemical oxidation...

  8. Bacterial Growth on Chitosan-Coated Polypropylene Textile

    OpenAIRE

    Erben, D.; Hola, V.; Jaros, J.; Rahel, J.

    2012-01-01

    Biofouling is a problem common in all systems where microorganisms and aqueous environment meet. Prevention of biofouling is therefore important in many industrial processes. The aim of this study was to develop a method to evaluate the ability of material coating to inhibit biofilm formation. Chitosan-coated polypropylene nonwoven textile was prepared using dielectric barrier discharge plasma activation. Resistance of the textile to biofouling was then tested. First, the textile was submerge...

  9. Behaving badly? The conservation of modern textile art

    OpenAIRE

    Lennard, F.

    2006-01-01

    Textile conservators are increasingly likely to be asked to treat modern textile artworks. These often present new challenges: they may be made of unusual materials whose deterioration patterns are unfamiliar, they may utilise traditional textile techniques in unusual ways. Modern artworks may be hung in unconventional ways, or be displayed in spaces which are not standard museum venues. It is commonly accepted that it is necessary to gain as much information as possible in order to preserve ...

  10. SHIFTS IN GLOBAL TEXTILE AND APPAREL INDUSTRY, WHAT IS NEXT?

    OpenAIRE

    Canan Saricam; Cassill, Nancy L.; Fatma Kalaoglu

    2012-01-01

    The textile and clothing production always changed its geographic location usually occurring from developed to developing countries in medium term ranges. Analyzing and understanding the shifts in textile and clothing industry is very important to see the new challenges and opportunities for many countries in order to determine the future activities and make strategic decisions. In this study, the textile and clothing trade around the globe is analyzed. The emerging and descending countries i...

  11. Treatment of Textile Wastewater with Chlorine: An Effective Method

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Quader, A. K. M.

    2010-01-01

    As the chlorination of textile wastewater achieves all the objectives of its treatment such as color removal and reduction of TDS, BOD and COD; and the treated effluents meet the standards set as per Schedule 12-B of the Environment Conservation Rules-1997 (ECR-97, Bangladesh), the treatment of textile wastewater with chlorine gas is a practical technological option for Bangladesh. If this process which is simple if adopted by the textile sector, the ETP operation would be widely practised fo...

  12. Textile Pressure Sensor Made of Flexible Plastic Optical Fibers

    OpenAIRE

    Frank Clemens; Minh Phi Luong; Markus Rothmaier

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we report the successful development of pressure sensitive textile prototypes based on flexible optical fibers technology. Our approach is based on thermoplastic silicone fibers, which can be integrated into woven textiles. As soon as pressure at a certain area of the textile is applied to these fibers they change their cross section reversibly, due to their elastomeric character, and a simultaneous change in transmitted light intensity can be detected. We have successfully manu...

  13. Application of nanotechnology in antimicrobial finishing of biomedical textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Zille, Andrea; Almeida, Lu S.; Amorim, M. T. Pessoa; Carneiro, No Mia; Esteves, M. F. Tima; Silva, Carla J.; Souto, A. Pedro

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the antimicrobial nanofinishing of biomedical textiles has become a very active, high-growth research field, assuming great importance among all available material surface modifications in the textile industry. This review offers the opportunity to update and critically discuss the latest advances and applications in this field. The survey suggests an emerging new paradigm in the production and distribution of nanoparticles for biomedical textile applications based on non-tox...

  14. PREPARATION OF CELLULOSIC FIBERS FROM SUGARCANE FOR TEXTILE USE

    OpenAIRE

    Michel, Davina; Bachelier, Bruno; Drean, Jean-yves; Harzallah, Omar

    2013-01-01

    The production of natural fibers is not sufficient to accommodate the textile needs of the growing world population. Therefore, textile research is exploring alternative natural resources to produce fibers. Though typically known for its nutritional use, the sugarcane can also be used for textile production because of its high fiber content.The aim of our study was to extract fibers from sugarcane and to analyze their mechanical behavior. Cane particles were treated with an alkaline solution ...

  15. Verification of Surface Conductance Model of Textile Materials

    OpenAIRE

    Neruda, M.; Vojtech, L.

    2012-01-01

    Surface conductance is one of the main parameters which describes basic characteristics of specific textile materials.These textile materials are used, for example, in environments with higher requirements on hardware electrostaticprotection during their production process. Published measurement standardized methods are followed by modelingmethods which do not reach satisfactory results. This paper is therefore focused on the modeling of surfaceconductance of textile materials. The results sh...

  16. The Cost of EU Trade Protection in Textiles and Clothing

    OpenAIRE

    Spinanger, Dean; Francois, Joseph F.; Glismann, Hans H.

    2000-01-01

    This paper estimates the costs of EU restraints on trade in textiles and clothing. After explaining the methods used, we examine the impact of an opening up of EU trade in textiles and clothing, inter alia to those economies where the textile and clothing (T&C) industries command sizeable shares of exports and output. The estimates are based, firstly, on a partial equilibrium analysis allowing us to directly cover the effects of liberalization on the importation, production and consumption of...

  17. Uruguay Round Agreement and Pakistan's Trade in Textiles and Clothing

    OpenAIRE

    Din, Musleh-ud; Abbas, Kalbe

    2000-01-01

    The textile and clothing sector is of strategic importance to Pakistan, accounting for more than 50 percent of its manufactured exports. The phasing-out of MFA type restrictions and other trade barriers is generally expected to have positive effects on Pakistan's exports of textiles and clothing in the long run. At the same time, However, the eroson of preferencial treatment embodied in the Multi-Fiber Agreements poses many challenges to textile and clothing industry in Pakistan. The emerging...

  18. CREATIVE RECYCLING – A POSSIBLE SOLUTION FOR ROMANIAN SMALL TEXTILE COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Lacramioara LEON

    2012-01-01

    Every year, more than 5 million tons of textiles are generated in the European Union, and only a small amount (25%) is recycled, that is why there are strongly encouraged strategies, programs and business plans based on recycling of pre-consumer and post-consumer textile waste [2].This paper presents in short a few projects made by the students from the Faculty of Textiles, Leatherwork &Industrial Management. They did intense research work and then they gave practical solutions for creative r...

  19. ASSISTANCE STRATEGIC TOOL FOR CHANGE IN THE SPANISH TEXTILE SECTOR

    OpenAIRE

    Pablo Díaz; Beatriz Satorre; Ignacio Tortajada; Mª Ángeles Bonet; Ignacio Montava

    2011-01-01

    Spanish textile sector is facing important changes several years. This paper aims to analyses the adverse evolution in the Spanish manufacturing textile firms. Another contribution of our work is to show alternative strategic change in business.In this way we are able to provide some indication of which operational decisions would improve the international competitiveness of the industry. The population of the study is composed of the Spanish manufacturing firms in the textiles sector, partic...

  20. Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale

    OpenAIRE

    Hudert, Markus; Sistaninia, Masoud; Weinand, Yves

    2010-01-01

    Textiles are interesting from both a structural and an architectural point of view. Their patterns and textures, created by the interworking of yarn elements, are not only highly appealing on an aestetical level, they also possess load bearing qualities. The research project: Structural Timber Fabric: Applying Textile Principles on Building Scale sets out to investigate this potential and proposes to develop a new family of timber constructions based on the logic and principles of textile tec...

  1. Dye removal from textile wastewater using bioadsorbent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Textile industries throughout the world produce huge quantities of dyes and pigments annually. Effluents from textile industries are dye wastewater, and disposal of these wastes to freshwater bodies causes damage to the environment. Among the treatment technologies, adsorption is an attractive and viable option, provided that the sorbent is inexpensive and readily available for use. In this study, a typical basic dye, methylene blue, in wastewater was treated using Melia azedarach sawdust. The effects of contact time, adsorbent amount and particle size were investigated on the removal efficiency of adsorbent for methylene blue. Complete removal of the dye were attained at higher adsorbent dose of 3 g/L with 50 mg/L initial dye concentration. The maximum adsorption was at 240 minutes, whereas more than 90% removal with 105 meu m particle size of 1 g/L adsorbent for same initial dye concentration. The experimental data best fits with 2 Langmuir adsorption isotherm (R= 0.991). (author)

  2. Environmental impact of plasma application to textiles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plasma technology is currently implemented in a wide range of industrial processes due to high efficiency, low environmental impact and simplicity. Low-temperature plasma treatment can be an alternative to traditional wet processes in textile preparation and finishing, causing modification of the fibre surface, which is mainly responsible for the material end-use properties i.e. wettability, dyeability, printability, shrinking, pilling etc. Appropriate choice of gas and control of plasma operation conditions provide a variety of effects on textiles (improvement of dyeability, printability and colour fastness, improvement of adhesion properties of coated fabrics, increase in hydrophobicity and water resistance, etc.). However, in spite of extraordinary efficiency, multifunctionality and simplicity, low-temperature plasma treatments still cannot replace all wet finishing processes, though they can be viable pretreatments that offer plenty of environmental and economical benefits

  3. Nanolevel Functionalization of Natural Fiber Textiles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the main tasks of presented research are to impact the additional value on natural fabrics by adding them new properties with a metal nano-level coating, evaluate coating technologies. Having the ability to control the surface of a natural fiber offers great rewards that go far beyond pure economics as natural fibers are renewable and biodegradable. The paper describes the process of vacuum evaporation and magnetron sputtering of copper coatings on cotton textile materials, analysis of the metal coated textile surface by laser laboratory complex and SEM. The investigation results evince that laser laboratory complex measurements of reflected and through covered material transmitted light can be applied to trace the unevenness of deposited metal film on the covered fabric surface and its changes from exploitation impacts without samples destruction.

  4. Nanolevel Functionalization of Natural Fiber Textiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vihodceva, S.; Kukle, S.; Barloti, J.

    2011-06-01

    One of the main tasks of presented research are to impact the additional value on natural fabrics by adding them new properties with a metal nano-level coating, evaluate coating technologies. Having the ability to control the surface of a natural fiber offers great rewards that go far beyond pure economics as natural fibers are renewable and biodegradable. The paper describes the process of vacuum evaporation and magnetron sputtering of copper coatings on cotton textile materials, analysis of the metal coated textile surface by laser laboratory complex and SEM. The investigation results evince that laser laboratory complex measurements of reflected and through covered material transmitted light can be applied to trace the unevenness of deposited metal film on the covered fabric surface and its changes from exploitation impacts without samples destruction.

  5. Berg River Textiles - Cleaner Production Option Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wenzel, Henrik; Schneider, Zsig

    2003-01-01

    In October and November 2002 meetings were held between Berg River Textiles, Mr. Juan Laubscher, and external consultants from the South African – Danish Cleaner Textile Production Project, Mr. Zsig Schneider and Mr. Henrik Wenzel. This team of people collected information on recipes and flow schematics on the various wet treatment operations in the dyehouse, and water and energy balances were made to the extent data allowed. A number of options for saving water, energy and chemicals were identified. The potentials monetary savings and necessary investments were estimated, and a list of priority projects including milestone plans for their implementation was made. A saving potential of around 3 mill. R was identified with a pay-back period of around 0.2 years as average of the identified options. The company implemented a large number of the options right away.

  6. Textile sensing interfaces for cardiopulmonary signs monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loriga, G; Taccini, N; De Rossi, D; Paradiso, R

    2005-01-01

    A wearable system able to monitor cardiopulmonary vital signs is presented. The innovative technological core of the system is based on the use of a textile conformable sensing cloth, where conducting and piezoresistive materials are integrated in form of fibres and yarns, giving rise to fabric sensors, electrodes and connections. Electrocardiogram and impedance pneumography signals are acquired through the same textile electrodes, while to discriminate between abdominal and thoracic activity, two piezoresistive fabric sensors are placed below the lower end of the sternum and at the level of the navel for recording the thorax and the abdominal pattern of breathing. The use of impedance pneumography methodology reduces the artefacts due to the movement, phonation and rib cage expansions disjointed from respiratory mechanics. All the signals are acquired simultaneously allowing a comparative control of the cardiopulmonary activity and artefacts rejection. PMID:17281978

  7. Quantification of processing artifacts in textile composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastore, Christopher M.

    1993-01-01

    One of the greatest difficulties in developing detailed models of the mechanical response of textile reinforced composites is an accurate model of the reinforcing elements. In the case of elastic property prediction, the variation of fiber position may not have a critical role in performance. However, when considering highly localized stress events, such as those associated with cracks and holes, the exact position of the reinforcement probably dominates the failure mode. Models were developed for idealized reinforcements which provide an insight into the local behavior. However, even casual observations of micrographical images reveals that the actual material deviates strongly from the idealized models. Some of the deviations and causes are presented for triaxially braided and three dimensionally woven textile composites. The necessary modeling steps to accommodate these variations are presented with some examples. Some of the ramifications of not accounting for these discrepencies are also addressed.

  8. Biomimetic superhydrophobic and highly oleophobic cotton textiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoefnagels, H F; Wu, D; de With, G; Ming, W

    2007-12-18

    We report a biomimetic procedure to prepare superhydrophobic cotton textiles. By in situ introducing silica particles to cotton fibers to generate a dual-size surface roughness, followed by hydrophobization with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), normally hydrophilic cotton has been easily turned superhydrophobic, which exhibits a static water contact angle of 155 degrees for a 10 microL droplet. The roll-off angle of water droplets depends on the droplet volume, ranging from 7 degrees for a droplet of 50 microL to 20 degrees for a 7 microL droplet. When a perfluoroalkyl chain is introduced to the silica particle surface, the superhydrophobic textile also becomes highly oleophobic, as demonstrated by a static contact angle of 140 degrees and a roll-off angle of 24 degrees for a 15 microL sunflower oil droplet. PMID:17985939

  9. Preparation of superhydrophobic surfaces on cotton textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Chao-Hua Xue et al

    2008-01-01

    Superhydrophobic surfaces were fabricated by the complex coating of silica nanoparticles with functional groups onto cotton textiles to generate a dual-size surface roughness, followed by hydrophobization with stearic acid, 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane or their combination. The wettability and morphology of the as-fabricated surfaces were investigated by contact angle measurement and scanning electron microscopy. Characterizations by transmission electron microscopy, Fourier t...

  10. Preparation of superhydrophobic surfaces on cotton textiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao-Hua Xue et al

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Superhydrophobic surfaces were fabricated by the complex coating of silica nanoparticles with functional groups onto cotton textiles to generate a dual-size surface roughness, followed by hydrophobization with stearic acid, 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane or their combination. The wettability and morphology of the as-fabricated surfaces were investigated by contact angle measurement and scanning electron microscopy. Characterizations by transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy, and thermal gravimetric analysis were also conducted.

  11. E-COMMERCE AREA FOR TEXTILE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Aileni, R. M.; Farima, D.; Ciocoiu, M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents some management aspects concerning the e-commerce area for textile industry.Here it can have database management – customers, products and brand visualisation management. The databasemanagement can be doing by using a database management system. For database management it was use therelational model based on first-order predicate logic [1]. In this paper it was analyzed the relational databasemodel. The e-commerce area is born from need to simplify the buying and selling...

  12. FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE EVOLUTIONS OF TEXTILE SECTOR ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoleta BARBUTA MISU

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The complete liberalization of international trade led to important changes in financial performancesof the national enterprises. This paper has in view to present the consequences of these changes fromthe macroeconomic level to microeconomic level. Thus, indicators of the financial performance forthree enterprises at the textile sector from Galati are studied selectively. The scope of this study isboth to realize a financial performance hierarchy and to present of their evolution directions in thefuture.

  13. Photocatalytic decolourisation of textile azo dyes

    OpenAIRE

    Miranda, Teresa; Soares, Grac?a M. B.; Campos, Ana M. F. Oliveira; Kaja, Martin; Hrdina, Radim; Machalicky, Oldrich

    2003-01-01

    Four model dyes were synthesised using classical preparative techniques. They represent the molecular structures frequently used in the production of industrial textile mordant dyes. Dyes decolourisation was developed in a lab-scale thin film photoreactor equipped with a white lamp and quartz tube, in the presence of different semiconductors, such as TiO2, ZnO and Fe2O3. The quantum yields of photochemical degradation were determined. The contribution of this photocatalytic process to the ...

  14. Textile dyeing by dyestuffs of natural origin

    OpenAIRE

    Šmelcerovi? Miodrag; ?or?evi? Dragan; Novakovi? Mile

    2006-01-01

    The textile industry is one of the biggest industrial consumers of water especially dye houses which utilize synthetic dyes and other chemicals. Natural dyes are generally environmental friendly and have many advantages over synthetic dyes with respect to production and application. In recent years, there has been an interest in the application of these dyes due to their bio-degradability and higher compatibility with the environment. A review of previous work in the field of applying dyestuf...

  15. Modeling and simulating a textile production system

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Se?rgio; Oliveira, Jose? A.; Dias, Lui?s M. S.; Pereira, Guilherme

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a study for a production scheduling problem in a textile company, specifically in the weaving preparation area. Basically, the processing orders can be considered as sequential working steps trough three operations (charging - weaving - discharging), and the goal is to minimize time variation and to avoid delays. The machine utilization should be as higher as possible due to short delivering deadlines. The production unit has got 4 of these weaving ...

  16. China Apparel in Textiles World Values Chains

    OpenAIRE

    Ruffier, Jean

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses the expansion of China's clothing industry in world textile value chains. Using data from interviews and observations throughout factory visits in China and other countries we show how private Guangdong entrepreneurs started China's clothing manufacturing. Lacking experience in consumer markets and designing, original equipment manufacturing was the route Chinese firms took to expand into garment manufacturing. Low wages and low margins of profits became their original sou...

  17. Mechanics Methodology for Textile Preform Composite Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poe, Clarence C., Jr.

    1996-01-01

    NASA and its contractors have completed a program to develop a basic mechanics underpinning for textile composites. Three major deliverables were produced by the program: 1. A set of test methods for measuring material properties and design allowables; 2. Mechanics models to predict the effects of the fiber preform architecture and constituent properties on engineering moduli, strength, damage resistance, and fatigue life; and 3. An electronic data base of coupon type test data. This report describes these three deliverables.

  18. Preparation of superhydrophobic surfaces on cotton textiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Chao-Hua; Jia, Shun-Tian; Zhang, Jing; Tian, Li-Qiang; Chen, Hong-Zheng; Wang, Mang

    2008-07-01

    Superhydrophobic surfaces were fabricated by the complex coating of silica nanoparticles with functional groups onto cotton textiles to generate a dual-size surface roughness, followed by hydrophobization with stearic acid, 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane or their combination. The wettability and morphology of the as-fabricated surfaces were investigated by contact angle measurement and scanning electron microscopy. Characterizations by transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy, and thermal gravimetric analysis were also conducted.

  19. Preparation of superhydrophobic surfaces on cotton textiles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Superhydrophobic surfaces were fabricated by the complex coating of silica nanoparticles with functional groups onto cotton textiles to generate a dual-size surface roughness, followed by hydrophobization with stearic acid, 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane or their combination. The wettability and morphology of the as-fabricated surfaces were investigated by contact angle measurement and scanning electron microscopy. Characterizations by transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy, and thermal gravimetric analysis were also conducted

  20. el caso textil y de la confección

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efren Areskurrinaga Mirandona

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan los factores de competitividad a nivel internacional en los sectores textil y de la confección, así como los diferentes tipos y evolución de las Zonas Francas Industriales (ZFI existentes en los países del sur.1 Se estudian las consecuencias que sobre ellas tendrán los cambios en curso en el marco regulador de los intercambios comerciales multilaterales en el seno de la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC, haciendo especial referencia al papel que juega la economía china.

  1. Interactive educational software of textile desing

    OpenAIRE

    Herna?ndez Abad, Francisco; Rojas Sola, Jose? Ignacio; Herna?ndez Abad, Vicente; Ochoa Vives, Manuel; Font Andreu, Jorge; Herna?ndez Di?az, David; Villar Ribera, Ricardo Alberto

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a novel educational software package which develops an Interactive Didactic Application (IDA) created in the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), and which contains the essentials of Textile Design. It is an open application which uses a database in ASCII format. The principal elements of this database are lists of whole numbers structured according to indexed colors in standard RGB format. This generates a rational system of indexes of numerical lists, which a...

  2. In vitro osteoclastogenesis on textile chitosan scaffold

    OpenAIRE

    Heinemann, C.; Heinemann, S.; Bernhardt, A.; Lode, A.; Worch, H.; Hanke, T.

    2010-01-01

    Textile chitosan fibre scaffolds were evaluated in terms of interaction with osteoclast-like cells, derived from human primary monocytes. Part of the scaffolds was further modified by coating with fibrillar collagen type I in order to make the surface biocompatible. Monocytes were cultured directly on the scaffolds in the presence of macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) for up to 18 days. Confocal laser scanning microscopy...

  3. Time for a forum on terms used for textile fibers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zawistoski, P. S.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The advances in manufactured fibers and textiles have garnered interest and excitement of textile artists and consumers alike for a myriad of reasons, including health, environmental, and fashion. The chemical and molecular nature of these advances, however leads to confusion and misunderstanding of the new fibers in the materials. This is exacerbated by the current climate of distrust for chemical words and desire for "green" products and the unregulated (misinformation and marketing on the web. Textile artists, consumers, and the clothing and household textile industry need clear names and labels to identify the materials they are using.

  4. Roadmap to sustainable textiles and clothing regulatory aspects and sustainability standards of textiles and the clothing supply chain

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This book covers the elements involved in achieving sustainability in textiles and clothing sector. The chapters covered in three volumes of this series title cover all the distinctive areas earmarked for achieving sustainable development in textiles and clothing industry. This third volume highlights the areas pertaining to the regulatory aspects and sustainability standards applicable to textiles and clothing supply chain. There are various standards earmarked for measuring the environmental impacts and sustainability of textile products. There are also plenty of certification schemes available along with the index systems applicable to textile sector. Brands and manufactures are also venturing into new developments to achieve sustainable development in textile sector. This third volume addresses all these important aspects.

  5. Analysis of the Restrictive Elements of China's Textile Industry in Upgrading Based on “Value Chain”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tong Yang

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Our country’s textile industry is in the producing and processing field in the global value chain, so textiles’ addedvalue is low and profit margins is narrow. Developed countries take up fields of high-grade fabrics productionand advanced textile machinery manufacture. Because textile fabrics, textile machinery and equipment ofChina's textile industry fall behind developed countries, product quality and product variety can not yet fullymeet the market demand, and can not compete with developed countries. In order to quicken the upgrade pace oftextile industry, this paper brings forward some measures on the Chinese textile fabrics and textile machinerydeficiencies.

  6. E-Textile Antennas for Space Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Timothy F.; Fink, Patrick W.; Chu, Andrew W.

    2007-01-01

    The ability to integrate antennas and other radio frequency (RF) devices into wearable systems is increasingly important as wireless voice, video, and data sources become ubiquitous. Consumer applications including mobile computing, communications, and entertainment, as well as military and space applications for integration of biotelemetry, detailed tracking information and status of handheld tools, devices and on-body inventories are driving forces for research into wearable antennas and other e-textile devices. Operational conditions for military and space applications of wireless systems are often such that antennas are a limiting factor in wireless performance. The changing antenna platform, i.e. the dynamic wearer, can detune and alter the radiation characteristics of e-textile antennas, making antenna element selection and design challenging. Antenna designs and systems that offer moderate bandwidth, perform well with flexure, and are electronically reconfigurable are ideally suited to wearable applications. Several antennas, shown in Figure 1, have been created using a NASA-developed process for e-textiles that show promise in being integrated into a robust wireless system for space-based applications. Preliminary characterization of the antennas with flexure indicates that antenna performance can be maintained, and that a combination of antenna design and placement are useful in creating robust designs. Additionally, through utilization of modern smart antenna techniques, even greater flexibility can be achieved since antenna performance can be adjusted in real-time to compensate for the antenna s changing environment.

  7. Standard Test Methods for Textile Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masters, John E.; Portanova, Marc A.

    1996-01-01

    Standard testing methods for composite laminates reinforced with continuous networks of braided, woven, or stitched fibers have been evaluated. The microstructure of these textile' composite materials differs significantly from that of tape laminates. Consequently, specimen dimensions and loading methods developed for tape type composites may not be applicable to textile composites. To this end, a series of evaluations were made comparing testing practices currently used in the composite industry. Information was gathered from a variety of sources and analyzed to establish a series of recommended test methods for textile composites. The current practices established for laminated composite materials by ASTM and the MIL-HDBK-17 Committee were considered. This document provides recommended test methods for determining both in-plane and out-of-plane properties. Specifically, test methods are suggested for: unnotched tension and compression; open and filled hole tension; open hole compression; bolt bearing; and interlaminar tension. A detailed description of the material architectures evaluated is also provided, as is a recommended instrumentation practice.

  8. Superhydrophobic and ultraviolet-blocking cotton textiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lingling; Zhang, Xintong; Li, Bing; Sun, Panpan; Yang, Jikai; Xu, Haiyang; Liu, Yichun

    2011-04-01

    Cotton textile was coated with ZnO@SiO(2) nanorods in order to obtain superhydrophobic and ultraviolet (UV)-blocking properties. The coating process was conducted in mild conditions, which involved the low-temperature preparation of ZnO seeds, hydrothermal growth of ZnO nanorods, bioinspired layer-by-layer deposition of a SiO(2) shell on the surface of ZnO nanorods, and hydrophobic modification of ZnO@SiO(2) nanorods with octadecyltrimethoxysilane. Despite the highly curved morphology of cotton fibers, the ZnO@SiO(2) nanorods coated the textile densely and uniformly. The treated cotton textile was found to have a large UV protection factor (UPF = 101.51) together with UV-durable superhydrophobicity, as determined by contact-angle measurement under long-term UV irradiation. The good UV-blocking property can be ascribed to the high UV absorbance and scattering properties of ZnO nanorods, and the UV-durable superhydrophobicity is a result of suppression of the photoactivity of ZnO nanorods by a SiO(2) shell. PMID:21438599

  9. [Healthy worker effect on Japanese industry workers: a commentary from the viewpoint of industrial health management].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higashi, T; Baba, Y; Fujino, A; Sakurai, H; Omae, K

    1989-09-01

    Healthy worker effect (HWE), which can be described as a lower death rate within a work force when compared to the general population, has been observed in many epidemiological mortality studies on industrial work populations free of significant life-shortening hazards. The purpose of this report is to evaluate this effect on the active work populations engaged in large scale manufacturing companies in Japan, and to appreciate the possible attributable factors to this phenomenon. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for workers in the member companies of The Japan Iron and Steel Federation (JISF) and The Japan Chemical Fibers and Textile Association (JCFTA), where mortality surveillance systems have been established. SMRs for all causes of death from 1969 to 1981 were within the range of 50 to 81 in JISF, and 34 to 41 in JCFTA. These results point to the existence of strong HWE, equal to or even lower than the reported values in some industrial populations in the United States. An evident HWE for cancer was also observed in the study populations, but it was reported to be of little significance, if at all, in the United States. HWE can be considered as a composite result of factors such as: (1) selection of healthier work force, (2) risk reduction due to life style modification during employment, and (3) methodological characteristics of the SMR, which are dependent on the percentage of active workers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2814065

  10. WOMEN TEACHERS: A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandrashekar. C

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the women teachers: a sociological analysis. Women teachers played an important role in teaching profession. Teacher education is manifested locally, as lived experience, in women teacher educators' working lives. particularly through the social regulation of gender conflicts in the workplace - the terms and conditions upon which women are expected to function as 'workers' in the changing contexts of teacher education. Particular attention is paid to intensified research cultures, assessments of professionalism and fiscal restraints. Teacher education is seen as a key example where tensions surrounding female workers are often complex and contradictory, and where reforms have been implemented cross-nationally in a profession which maintains very specific historical and local patterns of work.

  11. E-commerce : A study on women's online purchasing behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Eliasson, Malin; Holkko Lafourcade, Johanna; Smajovic, Senida

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Key words:E-commerce, women, online purchasing behavior, online shopping, Internet shopping Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to map out the present behavior of women between 40-55 years concerning Internet shopping. Fur-thermore, the research aims at finding and analyzing factors that might help marketers when persuading the target group to increase their usage of Internet as a purchasing channel for home textile and decorations. Background: Along with the increasing usage of c...

  12. Women's Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Women have unique health issues. And some of the health issues that affect both men and women can affect women differently. Unique issues ... and men also have many of the same health problems. But these problems can affect women differently. ...

  13. Relations between oral health and work ability among administrative workers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rafael Aiello, Bomfim; Edgard, Crosato; Luiz Eugênio Nigro, Mazzilli.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To analyze the relationships between perceived oral health quality of life and work ability index. METHODS: The data regarding administrative workers of a private textile company in São Paulo - Brazil, included socio-demographic, occupational characteristics, self-perceived oral health OHIP 14 [...] and self-perceived work ability index WAI. RESULTS: The response rate of the questionnaires was 75.20% and the reliability of the instruments Conbrach's alpha was 0.89 for OHIP 14 and 0.64 for WAI. Linear multiple regression analyses showed that OHIP 14 was associated with educational level p=0.009 and work ability index p=0.001 of workers, regardless of other variables. CONCLUSIONS: These results showed the importance of adopting oral health programs in private companies to improve oral health and work ability.

  14. Men and the Ideal Worker Image

    OpenAIRE

    Reid, Erin

    2012-01-01

    Current theories of workplace gender inequality hinge upon the widely-shared cultural image of an "ideal worker:" a fully-committed, male employee with no non-work responsibilities that constrain his availability for work. While women's difficulties in relation to this ideal are well-documented, men's experiences remain largely unexamined. Yet, several social changes, including the prevalence of dual-earner families and intensified fathering expectations place men's true lives at odds with th...

  15. The use and abuse of female domestic workers from Sri Lanka in Lebanon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-habib, L

    1998-03-01

    Women who migrate from Sri Lanka to become domestic workers in Lebanon face gender, class, and race discrimination that often results in abuse, yet the predicament of these women is largely ignored by local and international humanitarian and human rights agencies. Public consciousness about the plight of Asian domestic workers in the Persian Gulf region was raised in 1990 when domestic workers were repatriated in the wake of the Gulf War. In Lebanon, nearly half of the work permits granted to foreigners in 1997 were to women from Sri Lanka. This migration began in the 1970s and is sanctioned by the Sri Lanka government because of the economic benefits accruing from wages sent home by these women. Lebanese families procure domestic positions through an employment agency that arranges transportation and entry for the Sri Lankan women. These women, especially minors, often have to bribe Sri Lankan government agents to falsify travel documents. Upon arrival in Lebanon, the women have no support systems or job security. Most employment contracts last 3 years and pay $100/month with no benefits or protection from local labor laws. Domestic workers are made vulnerable by employers who withhold salaries or travel documents. Upon return to Sri Lanka, former domestic workers face social disapproval and marital problems. To redress this situation, the governments of sending and receiving countries must take action to protect female migrant workers, and nongovernmental organizations must publicize the plight of these women and take action to address the abuses they face. PMID:12321536

  16. Daily practices of health among sex workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elouyse Fernandes Leitão

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To describe the health practices adopted by sex workers in their daily lives. Methods: A qualitative study that took place at bars where sex workers of Maceió –AL, Brazil, work. The universe of participant subjects was integrated by 15 female sex workers, aged between 20 and 39 years, assisted by the team of a Street Clinic. The research took place between August and October 2011 and women were randomly selected. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews, which were all audio-recorded and transcribed for further analysis and interpretation. Results: Thematic analysis of the data produced and the theoretical framework of health promotion enabled the categorization of the health practices in daily life of these women, such as: prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, body care and aesthetics, physical activity, nutrition, leisure, interpersonal relationships, consumption of alcohol and others drugs, self-medication, and quest for health services. The ways they appropriate themselves of such practices are conditioned by the social vulnerability and economic and sociocultural context they are in. Conclusion: Despite the deficiencies found in the development of these practices, sex workers seek to preserve habits that improve their physical, social and mental health, as well as the pursuit of professional care and services to promote their health.

  17. Recent progress in NASA Langley textile reinforced composites program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dexter, H. Benson; Harris, Charles E.; Johnston, Norman J.

    1992-01-01

    The NASA LaRC is conducting and sponsoring research to explore the benefits of textile reinforced composites for civil transport aircraft primary structures. The objective of this program is to develop and demonstrate the potential of affordable textile reinforced composite materials to meet design properties and damage tolerance requirements of advanced aircraft structural concepts. In addition to in-house research, the program was recently expanded to include major participation by the aircraft industry and aerospace textile companies. The major program elements include development of textile preforms, processing science, mechanics of materials, experimental characterization of materials, and development and evaluation of textile reinforced composite structural elements and subcomponents. The NASA Langley in-house focus is as follows: development of a science-based understanding of resin transfer molding (RTM), development of powder-coated towpreg processes, analysis methodology, and development of a performance database on textile reinforced composites. The focus of the textile industry participation is on development of multidirectional, damage-tolerant preforms, and the aircraft industry participation is in the areas of design, fabrication and testing of textile reinforced composite structural elements and subcomponents. Textile processes such as 3D weaving, 2D and 3D braiding, and knitting/stitching are being compared with conventional laminated tape processes for improved damage tolerance. Through-the-thickness reinforcements offer significant damage tolerance improvements. However, these gains must be weighed against potential loss in in-plane properties such as strength and stiffness. Analytical trade studies are underway to establish design guidelines for the application of textile material forms to meet specific loading requirements. Fabrication and testing of large structural components are required to establish the full potential of textile reinforced composite materials.

  18. Child rearing practices amongst brothel based commercial sex workers

    OpenAIRE

    Pardeshi Geeta; Bhattacharya S

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The experiences of the commercial sex workers as they fulfill the role of being a parent, have rarely been reported. Considering their socioeconomic background, profession and work pattern, the women are bound to face major challenges. AIMS: To describe child bearing, family support, dietary practices and various placement options for raising children. STUDY DESIGN : A cross-sectional descriptive study of brothel- based commercial sex workers. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS : X2 test, Fishe...

  19. Roots of women's union activism : South Africa 1973-2003

    OpenAIRE

    Tshoaedi, Cynthia Malehoko

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the mobilisation of South African women into trade union activities between the period 1973 and 2003. Firstly, it underscores the role of South African women in fighting for workers’ rights in the workplace and their contributions in the building of the labour movement at the national level. In explaining the mobilisation of women, this research focuses on their social biography. It explores women’s experiences in society, the family (or personal relationships), the wo...

  20. Fair Trade & Worker Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riisgaard, Lone

    2015-01-01

    This chapter explores the potential of Fairtrade in hired labour situations in terms of improving conditions for agricultural workers. The chapter will address various aspects including the contentious issue of Fairtrade and trade union organisation as well as on issues of worker empowerment. At a local level, analysis focuses on the implications of Fairtrade certification for large enterprises and workers, drawing on a field-based studies of certified flower farms in Ecuador and Kenya.

  1. Old at 40: Women in the Workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Eloise; And Others

    In providing an overview of the complex topic of mature women in the workplace, this report presents some of the known, and sometimes contradictory, facts about women and work. It is divided into three sections. The first section begins by detailing facts and figures regarding the older woman worker of the 1980s. Comparisons are made between men's…

  2. Protecting Temporary Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Regulations Enforcement Data & Statistics Training Publications Newsroom Small Business Anti-Retaliation Home Workers Regulations Enforcement Data & Statistics Training Publications Newsroom Small Business Anti-Retaliation versión ...

  3. SOURCE ASSESSMENT: OVERVIEW AND PRIORITIZATION OF EMISSIONS FROM TEXTILE MANUFACTURING

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report gives an overview of air pollution emission levels and a ranking of the public health hazard potential of textile manufacturing operations. The textile industry was defined and categorized by Bureau of the Census Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Codes. Flow cha...

  4. Synthesis and characterization of textile azo dyes derivatives of methoxyphenols

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Isabel C. F. R.; Queiroz, Maria Joa?o R. P.

    1999-01-01

    Azo dyes are used extensively in the textile and dyestuff industries and effluents from these industrial processes are usually resistant to biological treatment. Textile azo dyes with bioaccessible groups such as guaiacol (2-methoxyphenol) and 2,6--dimethoxyphenol, for lignin-degrading fungus were synthesized using aminobenzoic and aminosulfonic acids as diazocomponents.

  5. Biodegradation of textile azo dyes by Phanerochaete chrysosporium

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Isabel C. F. R.; Santos, Isabel M.; Queiroz, Maria Joa?o R. P.; Lima, Nelson

    1998-01-01

    Azo dyes are used extensively in the textile and dyestuff industries and effluents from these industrial processes are usually resistant to biological treatment. Textile azo dyes with bioaccessible groups such as guaiacol and 2,6-dimethoxyphenol, for lignin-degrading fungus as P. chrysosporium were synthesised.

  6. SOURCE ASSESSMENT: TEXTILE PLANT WASTEWATER TOXICS STUDY, PHASE II

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report gives results of a study concerned with BATEA for the textile manufacturing industry. The level of removal of specific toxic pollutants and toxicity (measured by results of bioassays) attained by selected tertiary systems treating secondary effluents from textile plant...

  7. Sustainability Knowledge and Behaviors of Apparel and Textile Undergraduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiller Connell, Kim Y.; Kozar, Joy M.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze changes in undergraduate student knowledge of issues of sustainability relevant to the apparel and textiles industry. Assessment occurred prior to and upon completion of a course that addressed topics specific to the global production and distribution of apparel and textile goods. The study also…

  8. Textile fragments from the eastern group of mastaba.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    B?ezinová, Helena

    Prague : Charles University in Prague, 2010 - (Bárta, M.; Coppens, F.; Vymazalová, H.), s. 358-363 ISBN 978-80-7308-325-0 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80020508 Keywords : textile fragments * textile and technology analysis * Egypt * Old Kingdom * Late Period Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  9. Fragments of textiles from AS 38 and surrounding structures.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    B?ezinová, Helena

    Prague : Charles University in Prague, 2011 - (Vymazalová, H.), s. 163-168 ISBN 978-80-7308-389-2 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80020508 Keywords : textile fragments * textile and technology analysis * Egypt * Abusir * Old Kingdom Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  10. Application of Chicken Feathers inTechnical Textiles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHINTA S.K

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The nonwoven is manufactured by using chicken feathers which are available at very low cost, so the end product too. The advantage is that there is a wide range of application of chicken feathers in textile field. The nonwoven which is prepared by chicken feather has very versatile and a wide application in the field of technical textiles.

  11. Apparel and Textiles Production, Management, and Services. Reference Book.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

    Developed with input from personnel in the industries, this reference book complements a matching curriculum guide for a course on the textiles and apparel industries. The book emphasizes job skills and the attitudes and interpersonal skills needed for successful employment in the textiles/apparel industry. Each of the 22 chapters of the book…

  12. Introduction to Textiles for Team Building. Workforce 2000 Partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enterprise State Junior Coll., AL.

    This curriculum package on introduction to textiles for team building for all associates has been developed by the Workforce 2000 Partnership, a network of industries and educational institutions that provides training in communication, computation, and creative thinking to employees and supervisors in textile, apparel, and carpet industries at 15…

  13. Identification and Characterization of Textile Fibers by Thermal Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Fiona M.; Smith, Michael J.; Silva, Magda B.

    2011-01-01

    Textile fibers are ubiquitous in the sense that they are present in the fabric of clothing, furniture, and floor and wall coverings. A remarkable variety of textile fibers with different chemical compositions are produced for many different commercial applications. As fibers are readily transferred, they are frequently recovered from crime scenes…

  14. Klecany I a II. Textil z poh?ebiš?.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    B?ezinová, Helena

    Vol. 2. Praha : Archeologický ústav AV ?R, Praha, 2010, s. 29-34, 89-91 ISBN 978-80-87365-40-3 R&D Projects: GA AV ?R KJB800020901 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80020508 Keywords : textil e fragments * corrosion products * textil e production * Early Middle Ages Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  15. A comparison of reusable and disposable perioperative textiles: sustainability state-of-the-art 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overcash, Michael

    2012-05-01

    Contemporary comparisons of reusable and single-use perioperative textiles (surgical gowns and drapes) reflect major changes in the technologies to produce and reuse these products. Reusable and disposable gowns and drapes meet new standards for medical workers and patient protection, use synthetic lightweight fabrics, and are competitively priced. In multiple science-based life cycle environmental studies, reusable surgical gowns and drapes demonstrate substantial sustainability benefits over the same disposable product in natural resource energy (200%-300%), water (250%-330%), carbon footprint (200%-300%), volatile organics, solid wastes (750%), and instrument recovery. Because all other factors (cost, protection, and comfort) are reasonably similar, the environmental benefits of reusable surgical gowns and drapes to health care sustainability programs are important for this industry. Thus, it is no longer valid to indicate that reusables are better in some environmental impacts and disposables are better in other environmental impacts. It is also important to recognize that large-scale studies of comfort, protection, or economics have not been actively pursued in the last 5 to 10 years, and thus the factors to improve both reusables and disposable systems are difficult to assess. In addition, the comparison related to jobs is not well studied, but may further support reusables. In summary, currently available perioperative textiles are similar in comfort, safety, and cost, but reusable textiles offer substantial opportunities for nurses, physicians, and hospitals to reduce environmental footprints when selected over disposable alternatives. Evidenced-based comparison of environmental factors supports the conclusion that reusable gowns and drapes offer important sustainability improvements. The benefit of reusable systems may be similar for other reusables in anesthesia, such as laryngeal mask airways or suction canisters, but life cycle studies are needed to substantiate these benefits. PMID:22492184

  16. A review on textile sonoprocessing: a special focus on sonosynthesis of nanomaterials on textile substrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harifi, Tina; Montazer, Majid

    2015-03-01

    The chemical and physical effects of ultrasound with a frequency above 16kHz, higher than the audible frequency of the human ear, have proven to be a useful tool for variety of systems ranging from the application of ultrasound in environmental remediation to the cooperation of ultrasound waves with chemical processing regarding as sonochemistry. Ultrasound opened up new advances in textile wet processing including desizing, scouring, bleaching, dyeing, printing and finishing and also nanoprocessing including nanopretreatment, nanodyeing, nanoprinting and nanofinishing. Use of ultrasound appears to be a promising alternative technique to reduce energy, chemicals and time involved in various operations. Over the past years there has been an enormous effort on using sonochemistry for the synthesis of nanomaterials on various textile materials. In situ sonosynthesis of nanoparticles and nanocomposites on different textiles is a pioneering approach driving future investigations. With such wide range of applications and vast ever increasing publications, the objective of this paper is presenting a comprehensive review on ultrasound application in textile from early time to now by the main emphasis on the sonosynthesis of nanomaterials outlining directions toward future research. PMID:25216894

  17. Child rearing practices amongst brothel based commercial sex workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardeshi Geeta

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The experiences of the commercial sex workers as they fulfill the role of being a parent, have rarely been reported. Considering their socioeconomic background, profession and work pattern, the women are bound to face major challenges. AIMS: To describe child bearing, family support, dietary practices and various placement options for raising children. STUDY DESIGN : A cross-sectional descriptive study of brothel- based commercial sex workers. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS : X2 test, Fisher?s Exact test RESULTS: Some commercial sex workers continued pregnancy with the hope of security and support, while others were compelled to do so, as they report late for medical termination of pregnancy. A group of sex workers (Devdasis received support during pregnancy, delivery, puerperium and child-rearing. The role and responsibilities of raising the child, depended upon the kind of family support available to the mothers. Being a single parent, stigma of the profession, odd working hours and variable family support were major challenges, while the fact that the women were earning, availability of rehabilitation centers, the homogeneous groups within the brothels, supportive peers and local non governmental organizations were factors which helped them in the process of raising their children. CONCLUSIONS : Day care centers and night shelters should be opened up in the red light area where the children can be looked after, during the working hours. The sex workers should be educated about weaning and nutrition. The role of peer workers and NGOs was very important in helping the women raise their children.

  18. Treatment of air dried archaeological wool textiles from waterlogged environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scharff, Annemette Bruselius

    Air-dried, wet archaeological wool textiles can be flat and stiff with brittle fibers, but is this a permanent collapse or can they regain their size in water? Iron Age textiles were tested comparing the width of dry fibers with the width of fibers treated in water or 70% ethanol. Both liquids expanded the fibers and the yarn increased in size, resulting in more flexible and less brittle textiles. This property was kept when the textiles were dried by stepwise dehydration in ethanol, acetone, and white spirit with a final treatment in 5% lanolin. Preliminary tests on brittle textiles can be performed on small samples to investigate if they will gain in flexibility by this method.

  19. Energy-Aware Routing for E-Textile Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Kao, Jung-Chun

    2011-01-01

    As the scale of electronic devices shrinks, "electronic textiles" (e-textiles) will make possible a wide variety of novel applications which are currently unfeasible. Due to the wearability concerns, low-power techniques are critical for e-textile applications. In this paper, we address the issue of the energy-aware routing for e-textile platforms and propose an efficient algorithm to solve it. The platform we consider consists of dedicated components for e-textiles, including computational modules, dedicated transmission lines and thin-film batteries on fiber substrates. Furthermore, we derive an analytical upper bound for the achievable number of jobs completed over all possible routing strategies. From a practical standpoint, for the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) cipher, the routing technique we propose achieves about fifty percent of this analytical upper bound. Moreover, compared to the non-energy-aware counterpart, our routing technique increases the number of encryption jobs completed by one order...

  20. Design Management in the Textile Industry - A Network Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Poul Rind; Bang, Anne Louise

    In this paper we explore textile design activities and textile design management from an industrial network perspective. The textile industry is probably one of the most globalized manufacturing industries in the world and thus one of the most dispersed industries on the globe. Most studies on design management are framed inside the organisational context of the firm. In this study the role and practice of textile design is addressed in perspective of the global textile production network. The empirical data stems from six case studies exploring how different types of enterprises are organised in larger networks of suppliers, customers and other relations. Comparing the organisational networks we discuss how design activities unfold under different organisational settings. We also demonstrate that it is crucial for the companies who rely on external production facilities to have a strong design management in order to maintain the relationships in their network of customers and suppliers.

  1. Design Management in the Textile Industry : A Network Perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bang, Anne Louise

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we explore textile design activities and textile design management from an industrial network perspective. The textile industry is probably one of the most globalized manufacturing industries in the world and thus one of the most dispersed industries on the globe. Most studies on design management are framed inside the organisational context of the firm. In this study the role and practice of textile design is addressed in perspective of the global textile production network. The empirical data stems from six case studies exploring how different types of enterprises are organised in larger networks of suppliers, customers and other relations. Comparing the organisational networks we discuss how design activities unfold under different organisational settings. We also demonstrate that it is crucial for the companies who rely on external production facilities to have a strong design management in order to maintain the relationships in their network of customers and suppliers.

  2. Integrated measure and control system for textile machinery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yuantao; Zhao, Jinzhi; Zhao, Zexiang

    2010-12-01

    In this paper, textile mechanical drive control is researched. Textile machinery integrated measure and control system is established. The system is composed of micro-computer, PLC, transducer, implement device, all kinds of detective components and industrial Ethernet etc. Technology of industrial field bus control and Internet technique are applied. The system is on a background of textile production technique, such as spring, woven, chemical fiber, non-woven, dyeing and finishing. A network based open integrated control system is developed. Various characteristics of production technique flow and textile machinery movement discipline are presented. Configuration software is introduced according to user's control tasks. Final remote automatic controls are finished. This may make development cost reduced, and development periods shortened. Some problems in textile machinery development process are solved, which may make transparency factory and remote development realized.

  3. A Review of the NASA Textile Composites Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poe, C. C., Jr.; Dexter, H. B.; Raju, I. S.

    1997-01-01

    During the past 15 years NASA has taken the lead role in exploiting the benefits of textile reinforced composite materials for application to aircraft structures. The NASA Advanced Composites Technology (ACT) program was started in 1989 to develop composite primary structures for commercial transport airplanes with costs that are competitive with metal structures. As part of this program, several contractors investigated the cost, weight, and performance attributes of textile reinforced composites. Textile composites made using resin transfer molding type processes were evaluated for numerous applications. Methods were also developed to predict resin infiltration and flow in textile preforms and to predict and measure mechanical properties of the textile composites. This paper describes the salient results of that program.

  4. Radiographic changes in the spouses of occupationally exposed asbestos workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chest radiography and pulmonary function tests were recently performed in 120 spouses of asbestos workers in a screening program of a local pipefitters union. To our knowledge, characterization of these findings, including radiographic manifestations, prevalence, and correlation with epidemiologic data, has been limited. In 20 women, (17%) classic pleural plaques consistent with asbestos exposure were found. No parenchymal abnormalities were detected. All women with pleural changes claimed at least a 20-year history of intimate exposure. Correlation with epidemiologic and pulmonary function data is made, and guidelines are suggested for screening and following up spouses of asbestos workers

  5. Advanced worker protection system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is in the process of defining the magnitude and diversity of Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) obligations at its numerous sites. The DOE believes that existing technologies are inadequate to solve many challenging problems such as how to decontaminate structures and equipment cost effectively, what to do with materials and wastes generated, and how to adequately protect workers and the environment. Preliminary estimates show a tremendous need for effective use of resources over a relatively long period (over 30 years). Several technologies are being investigated which can potentially reduce D ampersand D costs while providing appropriate protection to DOE workers. The DOE recognizes that traditional methods used by the EPA in hazardous waste site clean up activities are insufficient to provide the needed protection and worker productivity demanded by DOE D ampersand D programs. As a consequence, new clothing and equipment which can adequately protect workers while providing increases in worker productivity are being sought for implementation at DOE sites. This project will result in the development of an Advanced Worker Protection System (AWPS). The AWPS will be built around a life support backpack that uses liquid air to provide cooling as well as breathing gas to the worker. The backpack will be combined with advanced protective garments, advanced liquid cooling garment, respirator, communications, and support equipment to provide improved worker protection, simplified system maintenance, and dramatically improve worker productivity through longer duration work cycles. Phase I of the project has resulted in a full scale prototype Advanced Worker Protection Ensemble (AWPE, everything the worker will wear), with sub-scale support equipment, suitable for integrated testing and preliminary evaluation. Phase II will culminate in a full scale, certified, pre-production AWPS and a site demonstration

  6. A CHIRIBAYA TEXTILE WOVEN WITH HUMAN HAIR / UN TEXTIL CHIRIBAYA TEJIDO CON PELO HUMANO

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alfredo, Rosenzweig; Bat - ami, Artzi.

    Full Text Available La colección Maiman tiene una larga banda textil que ha sido atribuida a la Cultura Chiribaya (1000 - 1350 DC), descendiente de los Tiwanaku que se asentaron en un oasis en el desierto de Moquegua, en el extremo sur del Perú, y en el valle de Azapa, en el extremo norte de Chile, cerca de Arica (fase [...] s Maytas/San Miguel). La técnica es urdimbre complementaria, lo que quiere decir que los dos lados son idénticos pero el diseño es al revés. La imagen sobre el fondo de la red de algodón blanco está formada por pelo humano, del cual no hay precedentes de uso como urdimbre complementaria en un textil tan largo. Hemos identificado la figura segmentada como figura antropomorfa femenina. La cabeza tiene un tocado femenino típico, el cuerpo superior tiene contorno de tres líneas paralelas y muestra los senos, y el cuerpo inferior indica el órgano sexual femenino, quizás con su interior. Abstract in english One of the textiles in the Maiman Collection is a long band that has been attributed to the Chiribaya Culture (1000 - 1350 AD), a group of Tiwanaku descendants that settled in an oasis of the Moquegua Desert in southern Peru, and in the Azapa Valley near Arica in northern Chile, (Maytas/ San Miguel [...] phases). The textile technique used is complementary warp, meaning that both sides are identical but the design is reversed. Black human hair forms the image on white cotton net. There is no precedent for the use of human hair strands as a complementary warp in such a long textile piece. A repeating image occurs along the length of the band that we have interpreted as a segmented anthropomorphic female figure. The head bears a typical female headdress, the upper body is depicted with three parallel lines and includes breasts, and the lower body displays female sexual organs, perhaps with the interior shown also.

  7. Textile Materials for the Design of Wearable Antennas: A Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Pinho

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In the broad context of Wireless Body Sensor Networks for healthcare and pervasive applications, the design of wearable antennas offers the possibility of ubiquitous monitoring, communication and energy harvesting and storage. Specific requirements for wearable antennas are a planar structure and flexible construction materials. Several properties of the materials influence the behaviour of the antenna. For instance, the bandwidth and the efficiency of a planar microstrip antenna are mainly determined by the permittivity and the thickness of the substrate. The use of textiles in wearable antennas requires the characterization of their properties. Specific electrical conductive textiles are available on the market and have been successfully used. Ordinary textile fabrics have been used as substrates. However, little information can be found on the electromagnetic properties of regular textiles. Therefore this paper is mainly focused on the analysis of the dielectric properties of normal fabrics. In general, textiles present a very low dielectric constant that reduces the surface wave losses and increases the impedance bandwidth of the antenna. However, textile materials are constantly exchanging water molecules with the surroundings, which affects their electromagnetic properties. In addition, textile fabrics are porous, anisotropic and compressible materials whose thickness and density might change with low pressures. Therefore it is important to know how these characteristics influence the behaviour of the antenna in order to minimize unwanted effects. This paper presents a survey of the key points for the design and development of textile antennas, from the choice of the textile materials to the framing of the antenna. An analysis of the textile materials that have been used is also presented.

  8. Textile materials for the design of wearable antennas: a survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvado, Rita; Loss, Caroline; Gonçalves, Ricardo; Pinho, Pedro

    2012-01-01

    In the broad context of Wireless Body Sensor Networks for healthcare and pervasive applications, the design of wearable antennas offers the possibility of ubiquitous monitoring, communication and energy harvesting and storage. Specific requirements for wearable antennas are a planar structure and flexible construction materials. Several properties of the materials influence the behaviour of the antenna. For instance, the bandwidth and the efficiency of a planar microstrip antenna are mainly determined by the permittivity and the thickness of the substrate. The use of textiles in wearable antennas requires the characterization of their properties. Specific electrical conductive textiles are available on the market and have been successfully used. Ordinary textile fabrics have been used as substrates. However, little information can be found on the electromagnetic properties of regular textiles. Therefore this paper is mainly focused on the analysis of the dielectric properties of normal fabrics. In general, textiles present a very low dielectric constant that reduces the surface wave losses and increases the impedance bandwidth of the antenna. However, textile materials are constantly exchanging water molecules with the surroundings, which affects their electromagnetic properties. In addition, textile fabrics are porous, anisotropic and compressible materials whose thickness and density might change with low pressures. Therefore it is important to know how these characteristics influence the behaviour of the antenna in order to minimize unwanted effects. This paper presents a survey of the key points for the design and development of textile antennas, from the choice of the textile materials to the framing of the antenna. An analysis of the textile materials that have been used is also presented. PMID:23202235

  9. Corporate Social Responsibility In Textile Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neha Gupta

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The concept of social responsibility is a fairly recent one in the business world. Awareness about the social responsibility of business organizations is rapidly on the rise and firms are also accepting this concept. The textile industry is no exception. Textile producing and trading firms are also realizing their responsibility towards the society and the environment. This article aims at analyzing the concept of social responsibility and the common ways in which textile firms try to fulfill it.When India is making a transformational progress, GDP is growing at the rate of 8-8.5 percent per annum, sensex is reaching new heights every day, world is looking at us as one of fastest emerging economies of world. Shall we assume that our society is also progressing at the same rate as the economy is growing or there is a gap between economic vs. social progress of the country. If society is progressing at the same pace as the economy is growing then it is a very healthy sign but if there is a mismatch between the two then it would be very grave situation since it may widen the gap between the different strata of society. When most societies are wrestling with an acceleration and intensification of social change, there is a revolution of rising expectations. But how this change will happen. There are various measures to bring about such changes in the form of war, revolution or planned way. But in India we believe in democracy, rationality and progress. But question arises whether the initiatives taken by government for social upliftment is sufficient or private players should also contribute or government, corporate

  10. Decolorization of textile dyes by cyanobacteria

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Estela, Silva-Stenico; Felipe D. P., Vieira; Diego B., Genuário; Caroline S. P., Silva; Luiz Alberto B., Moraes; Marli Fátima, Fiore.

    1863-18-01

    Full Text Available Cianobactérias estão amplamente distribuídas no ambiente e podem ser uma alternativa eficaz e econômica para a remoção de corantes de efluentes de indústrias têxteis. O presente trabalho investigou o potencial de seis linhagens de cianobactérias de descolorir onze tipos de corantes têxteis. A absorç [...] ão máxima de cada corante foi verificada usando um espectrofotômetro. Espectrometria de massas foi utilizada na verificação da degradação e possível remoção de corantes pelas cianobactérias. Os resultados mostraram que todas as linhagens avaliadas foram capazes de remover indigo, amarelo palanil, amarelo indantreno, azul indantreno, azul dispersol, vermelho indantreno e vermelho dispersol em mais de 50%. O isolado brasileiro Phormidium sp. CENA135 foi capaz de descolorir e remover completamente o índigo azul BANN 30. Este estudo confirmou a capacidade das cianobactérias de descolorir e, possivelmente, degradar corantes têxteis estruturalmente diferentes, sugerindo a possibilidade de sua aplicação em estudos de biorremediação. Abstract in english Cyanobacteria are widely distributed in the environment and may be an effective and economic alternative for removing dyes from textile industry effluents. The present work investigated the potential of six cyanobacterial strains in decolorizing eleven types of textile dyes. The maximum absorbance o [...] f each dye was verified using a spectrophotometer. Mass spectrometry was used to verify the removal and possible degradation of dyes by the cyanobacteria. The results showed that all of the evaluated cyanobacteria were able to remove indigo, palanil yellow, indanthrene yellow, indanthrene blue, dispersol blue, indanthrene red and dispersol red by more than 50%. The Brazilian isolate Phormidium sp. CENA135 was able to decolorize and completely remove indigo blue BANN 30. This study confirmed the capacity of cyanobacteria to decolorize and possibly to structurally degrade different textile dyes, suggesting the possibility of their application in bioremediation studies.

  11. La industria textil uruguaya (1900-1960)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Magdalena, Bertino.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available La industria textil uruguaya se inició a comienzos del siglo XX con la instalación de algunas fábricas de tejidos de lana y de una gran hilandería de lana peinada. Desde la crisis de 1929, sustentada en la protección cambiaría, se expandió en forma acelerada durante el periodo conocido como de indus [...] trialización por sustitución de importaciones. Alcanzó su apogeo entre fines de la segunda guerra mundial y comienzos de la década de los cincuenta, al instalar hilanderías de algodón y de fibras sintéticas y cuando las exportaciones industriales laneras adquirieron una importante dimensión. El progresivo agotamiento de la sustitución de importaciones, los frenos opuestos a las exportaciones, junto al estancamiento económico del país y el desmontaje de la protección estatal, la sumieron en una profunda crisis y en la pérdida creciente de significación en la industria y en la economía uruguaya. Abstract in english The Uruguayan textile industry started in the early xxth century based on the production of woven fabric and wool spinning mill (tops). From the years of the 1929's crisis onwards, it went through a great expansion due to a protectionist policy based on favourable exchange rates. Those were the time [...] s of the Import Substitutive Industrialization (ISI) in the country. After the Second World War and, particularly, during the fifties it reached its height with the production of cotton fabrics and synthetic fibers. Meanwhile, wool exports would grow strongly. However, in the late fifties, the ISI strategy was in trouble and the obstacles for export's growth and the economic stagnation together with the removal of the protectionist's policies, put an end to the textile industry development. As a consequence, it experienced a deep crisis and lost importance both for the industry and for the economy as a whole.

  12. La industria textil uruguaya (1900-1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Bertino

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available La industria textil uruguaya se inició a comienzos del siglo XX con la instalación de algunas fábricas de tejidos de lana y de una gran hilandería de lana peinada. Desde la crisis de 1929, sustentada en la protección cambiaría, se expandió en forma acelerada durante el periodo conocido como de industrialización por sustitución de importaciones. Alcanzó su apogeo entre fines de la segunda guerra mundial y comienzos de la década de los cincuenta, al instalar hilanderías de algodón y de fibras sintéticas y cuando las exportaciones industriales laneras adquirieron una importante dimensión. El progresivo agotamiento de la sustitución de importaciones, los frenos opuestos a las exportaciones, junto al estancamiento económico del país y el desmontaje de la protección estatal, la sumieron en una profunda crisis y en la pérdida creciente de significación en la industria y en la economía uruguaya.The Uruguayan textile industry started in the early xxth century based on the production of woven fabric and wool spinning mill (tops. From the years of the 1929's crisis onwards, it went through a great expansion due to a protectionist policy based on favourable exchange rates. Those were the times of the Import Substitutive Industrialization (ISI in the country. After the Second World War and, particularly, during the fifties it reached its height with the production of cotton fabrics and synthetic fibers. Meanwhile, wool exports would grow strongly. However, in the late fifties, the ISI strategy was in trouble and the obstacles for export's growth and the economic stagnation together with the removal of the protectionist's policies, put an end to the textile industry development. As a consequence, it experienced a deep crisis and lost importance both for the industry and for the economy as a whole.

  13. Interfacial microfluidic transport on micropatterned superhydrophobic textile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xing, Siyuan; Jiang, Jia; Pan, Tingrui

    2013-05-21

    Textile-enabled interfacial microfluidics, utilizing fibrous hydrophilic yarns (e.g., cotton) to guide biological reagent flows, has been extended to various biochemical analyses recently. The restricted capillary-driving mechanism, however, persists as a major challenge for continuous and facilitated biofluidic transport. In this paper, we have first introduced a novel interfacial microfluidic transport principle to drive three-dimensional liquid flows on a micropatterned superhydrophobic textile (MST) platform in a more autonomous and controllable manner. Specifically, the MST system utilizes the surface tension-induced Laplace pressure to facilitate the liquid motion along the hydrophilic yarn, in addition to the capillarity present in the fibrous structure. The fabrication of MST is simply accomplished by stitching hydrophilic cotton yarn into a superhydrophobic fabric substrate (contact angle 140 ± 3°), from which well-controlled wetting patterns are established for interfacial microfluidic operations. The geometric configurations of the stitched micropatterns, e.g., the lengths and diameters of the yarn and bundled arrangement, can all influence the transport process, which is investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Two operation modes, discrete and continuous transport, are also presented in detail. In addition, the gravitational effect as well as the droplet removal process have been also considered and quantitatively analysed during the transport process. As a demonstration, an MST design has been implemented on an artificial skin surface to collect and remove sweat in a highly efficient and facilitated means. The results have illustrated that the novel interfacial transport on the textile platform can be potentially extended to a variety of biofluidic collection and removal applications. PMID:23536189

  14. Enhanced degradation of textile effluent in constructed wetland system using Typha domingensis and textile effluent-degrading endophytic bacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shehzadi, Maryam; Afzal, Muhammad; Khan, Muhammad Umar; Islam, Ejazul; Mobin, Amina; Anwar, Samina; Khan, Qaiser Mahmood

    2014-07-01

    Textile effluent is one of the main contributors of water pollution and it adversely affects fauna and flora. Constructed wetland is a promising approach to remediate the industrial effluent. The detoxification of industrial effluent in a constructed wetland system may be enhanced by applying beneficial bacteria that are able to degrade contaminants present in industrial effluent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of inoculation of textile effluent-degrading endophytic bacteria on the detoxification of textile effluent in a vertical flow constructed wetland reactor. A wetland plant, Typha domingensis, was vegetated in reactor and inoculated with two endophytic bacterial strains, Microbacterium arborescens TYSI04 and Bacillus pumilus PIRI30. These strains possessed textile effluent-degrading and plant growth-promoting activities. Results indicated that bacterial inoculation improved plant growth, textile effluent degradation and mutagenicity reduction and were correlated with the population of textile effluent-degrading bacteria in the rhizosphere and endosphere of T. domingensis. Bacterial inoculation enhanced textile effluent-degrading bacterial population in rhizosphere, root and shoot of T. domingensis. Significant reductions in COD (79%), BOD (77%) TDS (59%) and TSS (27%) were observed by the combined use of plants and bacteria within 72 h. The resultant effluent meets the wastewater discharge standards of Pakistan and can be discharged into the environment without any risks. This study revealed that the combined use of plant and endophytic bacteria is one of the approaches to enhance textile effluent degradation in a constructed wetland system. PMID:24755300

  15. An Urban-Spatial Analysis of the Women in the Informal Sectors of Greater Guwahati City of Assam, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zona Bhuyan

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects the use of urban space by women in urban informal sectors in the city of Guwahati located in North East India. The population influx from across the borders in the aftermath of the partition has huge implications both on polity and on economy of the northeastern states in general and Assam in particular.  Importantly, the urban informal sectors have a sizeable share in terms of its significant contributions towards Gross Domestic Product (GDP as well as generation of employment opportunities largely. Using a feminist perspective, the research is an attempt to investigate the engagement of women in the informal sector in greater Guwahati. Research findings reveal that the occupations of the women workers are location-specific, that is, the manufacturing sectors (textiles, food preparation, printing and skilled service are mainly home/shop based production (fixed locations whereas the service sectors (leisure, caring, elementary construction, elementary sales and cleaning occupation operate at variable locations (construction sites, street pavements, marketplaces and other various locations. Further analysis shows that the informal sector is highly demand dependent and such demands are in the central business areas of the city, therefore informal sector services (skilled services and elementary services are found to be located in and around the central areas of Guwahati city. Women operators in the informal sector are attracted to the central business district because of the many advantages that it enjoys relative to other parts of a city. The paper concludes by calling on policy makers and physical planning agencies to evolve more pragmatic strategies for urban development matters in order that urban informal sector activities can be integrated into urban development plans. Finally, further research is called for on how urban planners could redesign the urban space with appropriate consideration of the informal sector operators.

  16. Angora Wool Asthma in Textile Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Pietro Sartorelli; Riccardo Romeo; Giuseppina Coppola; Roberta Nuti; Valentina Paolucci

    2012-01-01

    Up to now the exposures to hair and skin derivatives of animals have not yet been the subject of systematic studies. The observation of a clinical case has provided the opportunity for a review of the literature. The inpatient was a 49-year-old man, a carder in a textile factory, exposed to angora wool. He noticed the appearance of dyspnea during working hours. There was no eosinophilia in blood, and the results of pulmonary function tests were normal. The nonspecific bronchial provocation te...

  17. Electrochemical mercerization, souring, and bleaching of textiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, John F. (Oakland, CA)

    1995-01-01

    Economical, pollution-free treatment of textiles occurs in a low voltage electrochemical cell that mercerizes (or scours), sours, and optionally bleaches without effluents and without the purchase of bulk caustic, neutralizing acids, or bleaches. The cell produces base in the cathodic chamber for mercerization and an equivalent amount of acid in the anodic chamber for neutralizing the fabric. Gas diffusion electrodes are used for one or both electrodes and may simultaneously generate hydrogen peroxide for bleaching. The preferred configuration is a stack of bipolar electrodes, in which one or both of the anode and cathode are gas diffusion electrodes, and where no hydrogen gas is evolved at the cathode.

  18. Vêtement et textile : sources et ressources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Jolivet-Jacquet

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Progressivement, les acteurs de la recherche scientifique s’organisent en réseaux, conscients que l’amélioration des connaissances passe par le partage et l’élaboration collective. L’outil internet offre une interface efficace, mais son offre est si multiple qu’elle mérite d’être organisée. L’histoire du vêtement, des matières et des accessoires textiles bénéficie désormais d’une interface spécifique à l’échelle de la recherche française, mais aussi internationale. Le projet « Vêtement et tex...

  19. Optical sensor development for smart textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Caldara, Michele; Colleoni, Claudio; Guido, Emanuela; Rosace, Giuseppe

    2012-01-01

    Wearable electronics is a natural application field of miniaturized sensors and low-power analog and digital devices, including last generation microcontrollers and efficient power conversion components, that are able to manage battery power in an optimal way. A dye-doped SiO2 thin film was obtained by sol-gel technology. The synthesis was monitored in time by FT-IR spectroscopy. The hybrid sol was applied onto a fabric surface by a padd-system, obtaining a smart textile. The colour change of...

  20. Wearable textile-based phototherapy systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Os, Koen; Cherenack, Kunigunde

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss the phototherapy concepts developed by Philips in the EU FP7 PLACE-it project. These concepts demonstrate the use of e-textiles for medical applications in a meaningful way. By introducing a comfortable, wearable technology, Philips has enabled a new world of devices which provide comfortable home treatment of different diseases and complaints. Here, we show concepts and clinical validation, and give insight in the development steps to be taken to build this kind of devices. PMID:23739364

  1. STRATEGIC ANALYSIS OF A ROMANIAN TEXTILE COMPANY

    OpenAIRE

    Zenovia Cristiana Pop

    2013-01-01

    In this article we present the results of a market research, with the purpose to give an answer to the following fundamental question namely what are the main needs of the customers, of a textile company. The data collected should provide a clear view of the customer requirements and customer expectations, and especially the degree of fulfillment of these. The customers are the only ones who know their own needs and have at the same time expectations with the company, their products and their...

  2. Textile blood vessels coated with DLC.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jelínek, Miroslav; Podlaha, J.; Kocourek, Tomáš; Žížková, V.

    Berlin : Springer, 2009 - (Vander Sloten, J.; Verdonck, P.; Nyssen, M.; Haueisen, J.), s. 2173-2174 ISBN 978-3-540-89207-6. - (IFMBE Proceedings. vol. 22). [ECIFMBE 2008. European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering /4./. Antwerp (BE), 23.11.2008-27.11.2008] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100522 Keywords : PLD * DLC * vascular prostheses * in vivo * textile vessels Subject RIV: BH - Optics, Masers, Lasers http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-89208-3_519

  3. IN VITRO METHOD FOR THE STUDY OF NANOPARTICLES IN TECHNICAL TEXTILES (MEDITECH AS A ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishek K Mishra

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Technical Textiles previously widely termed as "Industrial fabrics" has been now redefined and named as "Technical Textiles". The Technical Textiles offers a variety of technical and functional properties and has applications in the every field and walks of life. An important and growing part of the textile industry is the medical and related healthcare and hygiene sector

  4. Concrete Worker Skill Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laborers-AGC Education and Training Fund, Pomfret Center, CT.

    This document contains skills standards for concrete construction workers that are designed for the following purposes: to inform prospective construction workers about the type of work and the skills required so that they can make informed career decisions; to inform educators about how academic, workplace, and life skills are applied in…

  5. Passive smoking, pulmonary function and bronchial hyper-responsiveness among indoor sanitary workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahim, Ayamn Ekram; El-Prince, Mahmoud

    2012-01-01

    Pulmonary function parameters of 21 cleaning/sanitary women workers who have never smoked, exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) at work were compared with 34 non-exposed women workers of comparable age and other work characteristics. The studied subjects were subjected to an interview questionnaire, pulmonary function measurements, bronchial responsiveness assessment and clinical chest examination. A higher prevalence of dyspnea was found (42.9%) among exposed compared to (14.7%) among the non-exposed workers (p=0.019), also wheezing (52.4% vs. 11.8%; p=0.001). Pulmonary measurements showed a lower FVC, FEV(1)/FVC and FEF(75) values among exposed compared to non-exposed (pcleaning women workers associated with passive smoking in the workplace. The findings support a stricter implementation measures to protect respiratory health of all workers. PMID:23047075

  6. Comunicación y productividad en pequeñas y medianas empresas de un cluster textil en Colombia / Communication and productivity in small and medium sized businesses of a textile cluster in Colombia

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mario Humberto, Muñoz Hernández.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la opinión que tienen los gerentes y obreros sobre la comunicación y su incidencia en la productividad. El estudio consiste en una encuesta aplicada a una muestra de 17 empresas de un cluster textil en Colombia. Estas empresas fueron seleccionadas por conveniencia de un listado d [...] e 36 empresas de la Asociación Colombiana de las Micros, Pequeñas y Medianas empresas (ACOPI, Antioquía). Como se muestra en el artículo, los gerentes y los obreros opinan que la comunicación directa, las conversaciones y las reuniones tienen una relación con el crecimiento de la productividad. Abstract in english The paper analyzes the view of managers and workers about communication and its influence in productivity. The study consists of an applied survey to a 17 companies sample from a textile business cluster in Colombia. These companies were selected from a list of 36 companies of the Asociación Colombi [...] ana de las Micros, Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas (ACOPI, Antioquia). As shown in the paper, the managers and the workers believe that face to face communication, talks and meetings have a close relation to productivity's growth.

  7. Accounting for and managing risk in sex work: A study of female sex workers in Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    Cheung, Nga

    2012-01-01

    This thesis considers how in the course of their work female sex workers in Hong Kong experience risk. It concerns the indoor side of the sex market, an area which has so far been largely ignored in studies on commercial sex. The focus is on women working independently from flats. Focusing on women’s own accounts of work-related risks, risky behaviour and coping strategies, this study investigates sex workers’ reflexive understandings of prostitution and their occupational risk in late mo...

  8. Nanopatterned textile-based wearable triboelectric nanogenerator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seung, Wanchul; Gupta, Manoj Kumar; Lee, Keun Young; Shin, Kyung-Sik; Lee, Ju-Hyuck; Kim, Tae Yun; Kim, Sanghyun; Lin, Jianjian; Kim, Jung Ho; Kim, Sang-Woo

    2015-04-28

    Here we report a fully flexible, foldable nanopatterned wearable triboelectric nanogenerator (WTNG) with high power-generating performance and mechanical robustness. Both a silver (Ag)-coated textile and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) nanopatterns based on ZnO nanorod arrays on a Ag-coated textile template were used as active triboelectric materials. A high output voltage and current of about 120 V and 65 ?A, respectively, were observed from a nanopatterned PDMS-based WTNG, while an output voltage and current of 30 V and 20 ?A were obtained by the non-nanopatterned flat PDMS-based WTNG under the same compressive force of 10 kgf. Furthermore, very high voltage and current outputs with an average value of 170 V and 120 ?A, respectively, were obtained from a four-layer-stacked WTNG under the same compressive force. Notably it was found there are no significant differences in the output voltages measured from the multilayer-stacked WTNG over 12?000 cycles, confirming the excellent mechanical durability of WTNGs. Finally, we successfully demonstrated the self-powered operation of light-emitting diodes, a liquid crystal display, and a keyless vehicle entry system only with the output power of our WTNG without any help of external power sources. PMID:25670211

  9. Development Strategy for a Textile Firm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luu Trong Tuan

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The researched firm is a state-owned company of more than forty years of operation and is one of pioneer companies providing textile and garment to Vietnam market. Its vision is to be the sustainable multidisciplinary firm which operates in three main areas: textile and gament industry, travel – real estate and financial investment in global market. After more than forty years of operation in the market, company has obtained some recognized results but these are still low and do not meet company’s strategic goals and company’s shareholders expectation. A need of a development of strategy which will help company to take market positioning and to develop. This research will help to have an overview of company, its business environment, its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Business environment and SWOT analysis are used for alternatives of strategies. Each activity of the company is reviewed to find the real problem that company is facing and helps to find a solution. A strategy is finally given for company’s competitiveness anddevelopment.

  10. Compression Testing of Textile Composite Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masters, John E.

    1996-01-01

    The applicability of existing test methods, which were developed primarily for laminates made of unidirectional prepreg tape, to textile composites is an area of concern. The issue is whether the values measured for the 2-D and 3-D braided, woven, stitched, and knit materials are accurate representations of the true material response. This report provides a review of efforts to establish a compression test method for textile reinforced composite materials. Experimental data have been gathered from several sources and evaluated to assess the effectiveness of a variety of test methods. The effectiveness of the individual test methods to measure the material's modulus and strength is determined. Data are presented for 2-D triaxial braided, 3-D woven, and stitched graphite/epoxy material. However, the determination of a recommended test method and specimen dimensions is based, primarily, on experimental results obtained by the Boeing Defense and Space Group for 2-D triaxially braided materials. They evaluated seven test methods: NASA Short Block, Modified IITRI, Boeing Open Hole Compression, Zabora Compression, Boeing Compression after Impact, NASA ST-4, and a Sandwich Column Test.

  11. The Conner Prairie Museum Textile Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Textile Collection at Indiana University Purdue University Indiana (IUPUI) was founded by the Lilly family, of Eli Lilly pharmaceutical fame. The digitized items here offer a great way to learn about an oft-ignored area of the art world. Visitors will find the introduction to the collection to be brief, but informative. It explains the multiple reasons behind the decrease in creation of textiles at home, mainly the mechanization of cotton production and the advent of the sewing machine, but goes on to say that quilting is the "only legacy that has endured in the American conscious" and "is truly a continuing heritage for this century." Visitors can type "crazy quilt" in the "keyword search" box to see a quilt with an array of beautiful decorative stitches to hold the multi-colored pieces together. Some of the other types of items that are in the collection are samplers and coverlets. Visitors interested in seeing some samplers, pieces made by young girls to practice their skills, can simply click on "Browse this Collection" to see a number of good examples of this work.

  12. Viscoelastic Behavior of Textile Artificial Ligaments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saber Marzougui

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to describe and model viscoelastic behavior of textile anterior cruciate ligament prostheses. For this purpose, mechanical and viscoelastic properties of woven and braided artificial ligaments were studied. These structures were manufactured with the same braided yarn and the same number of yarns. The mechanical properties of the two structures, such as tensile strength, strain at break, work and stiffness were measured by using a constant speed gradient dynamometer. In order to determine the viscoelastic modulus of the two structures, a rheological model was proposed and the correlation between experimental and theoretical creep and relaxation curves were studied. The energy dissipation and the residual deformation were measured with an application developed by using Microsoft Visual Basic software. The obtained results showed that textile structure influences prosthesis viscoelastic and mechanical properties, material damping, hysteresis and residual deformation. The nonlinear viscoelastic model permitted to evaluate the elastic and the viscous modulus of the braided and woven structures and to describe its time-dependent deformation. This study may serve as a method for the selection of the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

  13. Plasma Sterilization: New Epoch in Medical Textiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senthilkumar, P.; Arun, N.; Vigneswaran, C.

    2015-04-01

    Clothing is perceived to be second skin to the human body since it is in close contact with the human skin most of the times. In hospitals, use of textile materials in different forms and sterilization of these materials is an essential requirement for preventing spread of germs. The need for appropriate disinfection and sterilization techniques is of paramount importance. There has been a continuous demand for novel sterilization techniques appropriate for use on various textile materials as the existing sterilization techniques suffer from various technical and economical drawbacks. Plasma sterilization is the alternative method, which is friendlier and more effective on the wide spectrum of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms. Basically, the main inactivation factors for cells exposed to plasma are heat, UV radiation and various reactive species. Plasma exposure can kill micro-organisms on a surface in addition to removing adsorbed monolayer of surface contaminants. Advantages of plasma surface treatment are removal of contaminants from the surface, change in the surface energy and sterilization of the surface. Plasma sterilization aims to kill and/or remove all micro-organisms which may cause infection of humans or animals, or which can cause spoilage of foods or other goods. This review paper emphasizes necessity for sterilization, essentials of sterilization, mechanism of plasma sterilization and the parameters influencing it.

  14. Fingertip skin models for analysis of the haptic perception of textiles

    OpenAIRE

    Izabela Luiza Ciesielska-Wrobel; Lieva Van Langenhove; Katarzyna Grabowska

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents finite element models of the fingertip skin which have been created to simulate the contact of textile objects with the skin to gain a better understanding of the perception of textiles through the skin, the so-called hand of textiles. Many objective and subjective techniques have already been developed for analysing the hand of textiles; however, none of them provide exact overall information concerning the sensation of textiles through the skin. As...

  15. Manufactura textil en México: Un enfoque sistémico / Textile Manufacturing in México: a Systemic Approach

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos, Rodríguez Monroy; Lizbeth, Fernández Chalé.

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es resultado de un trabajo de investigación, cuyo objetivo establece la determinación y análisis de los factores que inciden en la competitividad de la manufacturera textil y del vestido. Aplicando el modelo de competitividad sistémica, se profundizó en los distintos factores que influ [...] yen en los niveles sistémicos (micro, meso, macro y meta), con el fin de proponer las condiciones necesarias para generar el desarrollo del sector. La infraestructura productiva textil se integra en 99,5% de micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas (MIPYMES), que revelan diferentes problemáticas y no logran interactuar debidamente con las instituciones de apoyo. Por su parte el Estado ha mantenido un entorno propicio para la competitividad y ha establecido políticas industriales dirigidas a un cambio en los tipos de organización industrial (clusters y empresas integradoras). Pero para participar con éxito en los nuevos sistemas de competencia internacional se deben lograr consensos entre actores sociales que permitan hacer los cambios necesarios para encauzarse hacia una competitividad sostenida en la industria textil. Abstract in english This article is a result of a research the objective of which is the determination and analysis of the factors that influence the competitiveness of the textile and garment industry in México. The systemic competitive methodology is applied in order to study the different factors that influence the [...] systemic levels (micro, meso, macro, goal) in order to propose the necessary conditions for the development of this industry. The textile productive infrastructure is 99.5% composed of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSME’s), which present multiple types of problems of different kinds and which are unable to interact adequately with the supporting institutions. On the other hand, the government has maintained an adequate environment for competitiveness and has established industrial policies which pursue the change in industrial organization (“clusters” and “integrative companies”). However, in order to be successful in new systems of international competition, consensus among the social actors will have to be achieved in order to introduce the necessary changes to sustain competitiveness in the textile industry.

  16. ROLE OF WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SCENARIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. R. Udmale

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Women are participating in large number in almost all the spheres of economic activity. From village to city, a large number of women workers and entrepreneurs contributing towards the national income of the country can be observed. Now it has been accepted that the women's movement is for the welfare development and empowerment of women. The development of Indian women will be the biggest source of enrichment for our country's development. Economic empowerment of women can improve the social, educational and political status of women. Empirical evidences show that women contribute significantly to the running of family businesses mostly in the form of unpaid efforts and skills. Women entrepreneurship is the process where women or group of women initiate organize and run business enterprises and provide employment opportunities of others. In India, women entrepreneurs run only 8% of the small scale manufacturing units which is very less compared to the developed countries of the world.

  17. Treatment of Textile Wastewater with Chlorine: An Effective Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. K. M. Abdul Quader

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available As the chlorination of textile wastewater achieves all the objectives of its treatment such as color removal and reduction of TDS, BOD and COD; and the treated effluents meet the standards set as per Schedule 12-B of the Environment Conservation Rules-1997 (ECR-97, Bangladesh, the treatment of textile wastewater with chlorine gas is a practical technological option for Bangladesh. If this process which is simple if adopted by the textile sector, the ETP operation would be widely practised for its low operating costs because of low price of chlorine produced by local chlor-alkali plants in the country. Satisfactory operation of the ETPs treating textile wastewater with chlorine at low costs has made this process affordable and attractive to the textile sector. Some of the perceived limitations of chlorination outweighs the greater benefits of textile wastewater treatment with chlorine gas leading to cleaner water bodies which receive these effluents otherwise.

    Keywords:Textile wastewater, chlorination, ETP, wastewater treatment

    DOI = 10.3329/cerb.v14i1.3206

    Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin 14 (2010 59-63

     

  18. Verification of Surface Conductance Model of Textile Materials

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M., Neruda; L., Vojtech.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available La superficie de la conductancia se encuentra dentro de los parámetros principales de materiales textiles específicos y describe sus características básicas. Estos materiales se usan por ejemplo en situaciones donde se requiere una protección electroestática para el hardware durante el proceso de pr [...] oducción. Los métodos de medida estándares publicados siguen métodos modelados que no alcanzan resultados satisfactorios. Por lo tanto, este informe se enfoca en modelar la superficie de la conductancia de materiales textiles. Los resultados muestran que la estructura de los materiales textiles pueden considerarse como conexiones de resistencias serie-paralelo. Se describe, además, una derivación de este modelo. Abstract in english Surface conductance is one of the main parameters which describes basic characteristics of specific textile materials. These textile materials are used, for example, in environments with higher requirements on hardware electrostatic protection during their production process. Published measurement s [...] tandardized methods are followed by modeling methods which do not reach satisfactory results. This paper is therefore focused on the modeling of surface conductance of textile materials. The results show that the structure of textile materials can be seen as serial-parallel connections of resistors. A derivation of this model is described.

  19. THE DYNAMICS OF THE TEXTILE MARKET. ANALYTICAL REFERENCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliona CERNOVA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available During the transition to a market economy, the state of many countries’ economies and the international textile industry face considerable challenges. There are many uncertainties surrounding the global textile market, exacerbated by gloomy predictions that for a decade should have been eliminated, resulting in “free” trade ?ows. There is no doubt that manufacturers which have created niche markets will be better positioned to compete in the global marketplace and achieve higher margins for products while yielding greater pro?tability. This paper is an introduction of a reasearch that examines how some textile market niches have evolved. The goal of this paper is research and the role that textile niche markets will play by 2025. Speci?c objectives are: to give a broad overview of various trade theories, including classical, neo-classical, post-neo-classical, and modern, in order to determine what are the possibilities for development and protection. In particular, emphasis will be focused the special problems, due to the vector exchanges and commercial conjuncture, to illustrate how traditional marketing methods differ from market to market and to examine what role will play niche markets in the textiles industry and textile apparel industry in 2050. The results of this research study will help formulate a business strategy that can be used in market capitalization and will provide a framework for research for textile researchers at a global level.

  20. Idealized textile composites for experimental/analytical correlation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Daniel O.

    1994-01-01

    Textile composites are fiber reinforced materials produced by weaving, braiding, knitting, or stitching. These materials offer possible reductions in manufacturing costs compared to conventional laminated composites. Thus, they are attractive candidate materials for aircraft structures. To date, numerous experimental studies have been performed to characterize the mechanical performance of specific textile architectures. Since many materials and architectures are of interest, there is a need for analytical models to predict the mechanical properties of a specific textile composite material. Models of varying sophistication have been proposed based on mechanics of materials, classical laminated plate theory, and the finite element method. These modeling approaches assume an idealized textile architecture and generally consider a single unit cell. Due to randomness of the textile architectures produced using conventional processing techniques, experimental data obtained has been of limited use for verifying the accuracy of these analytical approaches. This research is focused on fabricating woven textile composites with highly aligned and accurately placed fiber tows that closely represent the idealized architectures assumed in analytical models. These idealized textile composites have been fabricated with three types of layer nesting configurations: stacked, diagonal, and split-span. Compression testing results have identified strength variations as a function of nesting. Moire interferometry experiments are being used to determine localized deformations for detailed correlation with model predictions.